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Full text of "Sravnitelʹnai͡a︡ grammatika slavi͡a︡nskikh i drugikh rodstvennykh i͡a︡zykov"

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CPABHHTEJILHAa rPAMMATHKA 



C .1 i B )l H E n X I 



H ^tPyrnX'B PO;^CTBEHHHX'B 



fl 3 U R B l. 



B. H. MepviAh. 



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G10B00BPA30BAIIB. 



XAPLKOBX. 

B% yBEBEtCaiBTOKOft TEnOrPA«IH. 

18 7 3. 




HanewTaHO no onpeA^JieHiK) coB^xa HxiiBPATOPCEAro xapB- 
soBCBaro yHHBepcHTera. 



orjiABJieHiE. 



BBEABHIE. 

Cmp. 
npeAHCJOBie • . • • • XXL 

§ 1. 0($qie npHHi(HnH cjiOBOo6pa80BaBii[ • • • • 1. 
§ 2. GjiOBOodpaaoBaeie bi npaflSHsarb • • • • 2. 
§ 3. BazHse kox6bth cjiOBOodpasoBaHifl • . . . Z. 

L 3B7B0n0APASlHIE. 

§ 4* BasHOGTB BBjconoipasauiH wh cjioB0O(^pa30- 

BaaiH 4. 

§ 6. SBysonoApasaHie bi oanaqeHiH CTeneflel pox- 

CTBa 6. 

§ 6« GiiorH to, da, BHpaxaDntie CTeoesH poxcTBa • 7. 

§ 7. GooGotfi o^pasoBaeifl naHaril omevfi h namh 

vh paBEHXi usHsaxi 8. 

§ 8. PacnpocTpaHeHie cjiob^i BHpasaDii^Hxi noBHTia 
ofne^^ h Mcmtf fla tfojite OTxajieHBufl cteneHH 
poACTBa 13. 

§ 9. SByKonoApazaflie bi otfpaaoBaHia cjiobi^ riapa- 

SaDmeZl XHBOTHBfl 18. 

§ 10. GospanteHHaii ub BHA0H3MtHeflB£ui SByBonoA- 

pasaTejbHOii cxoaa. 22. 

r 



IV 

CmpatL 

§ IL SBysonoApasaHie bi cjoBaxi, BupazaniiiHn 

pasHHe npoAHeTH ub xiBcTsifl 23. 

§ 12. SeysoaoApasaHie b^ cJiOBan, otfosHaqanm^HXi 

flBieHifl npHpoAH 24. 

§ 13. GJOBSy BspasaDiiiifl 3bjkh (Hcueomnuxt • • 27. 
§ 14. SByKonoApaxaaie Kb ciosaxi yct^eHHHxi hih 

yABoeHHHX'b •••••••• ^ • • 32. 

§ 15. QjioBa, BHpasaDo^U ^HsioioraqecBifl ornpae- 

jiohU 84. 

§ 16. SByBOoojipasaHia vh SBTaBcKOHi h HaHAsyp- 

CKOH'b fldH&axi. • • • 36. 

§ 17. SayBonoApasaHie b% iiSHBaxi cunmemuHecKUM. 37- 

IL Yaboihie. 

§ 18. Saa^eHie yABoenia 89. 

§ 19. yABoeaie bi BHTaBcBon nsBft 40. 

§ 20. YABoeaie n lajiaBcBHX'b ASHsaxi • • • • 4L 

§ 21. YABoeme bi noJLHHesiBcBHxi usiiKaxi • • • 43. 

§ 22. ycfliOHHoe yABoenie, yrpoeme 46. 

§ 23. YABoeaie bi aiepBKaHCBBXi BSHBaxi . • • 47. 

§ 24. yABoeeie bi» leBeQBaHGBOH'b BBHBft. • . • 47. 

§ 25. yABoeaie bi nepyaacBOM'B bshb^ • • • • 49. 

§ 26. yABoeaie vb asBBaxi ajiTatcBBxi • • • • 50. 

§ 27. yABoeaie bi eapeBcBOMi asHBt 61. 

§ 28. yABoeaie bi apatfcBoii mujA 54. 

§ 29. yABoeaie B*b BBAO-eBpoaeBcaoB OTpacJiB. . . 58* 

§ 30. yABoeaie Wb caacupBTt 60. 

§ 31. yABoeaie bi ApoBae-tfaBTpiBcBoii azuis/b . . 64. 

§ 32. yABoeHie B^ BHAycTaacBoi'b bbhbI .... 66. 

§ 33. yABoeaie Bi nepcBACEOMi BSHEt . . • • 67. 

§ 34. yABoeaie bii JiaTanCBOvs bshbI 69. 

§ 35. yABoesie bi rpevecBOii B8H&t 71. 



V 

Cmpaju 

§ 86. YiiBoeHie n repiiaHCBHn usQBaxi • . • . 75. 

§ 87. yABoeeie h% jiitobckohi asBsft 78. 

§ 38. YABOeaie b'b ApeBHe-tfojrapcKOM'B usHst • • 79. 

§ 39. TABoeaie b<b cmbahcshxi flsuBaxi .... 80. 

HL Ghkboihsa. 

§ 40. OnpeAliOHie h SHaqeaie CHHBoaHSH .... 85. 

§ 41. npoBCxosxeflie i pasBHTie chhboihkh • . • 87. 

§ 42. OHVBOJHBa Bi flSHsaxi oAHOCjrosHHXi • • • 92. 

§ 43. GHHBOiflBa vb flSHicaxi HajaScBHxi. ... 94. 
§ 44. Ghibojihu Bi flSBsaxi a^pHsaHcsHXi a aiiepH- 

BaHCKHX*b 95. 

§ 45. OHMBOJiHBa B*B apaiJcsoii flSHsft 96. 

§ 46. GflMBOMKa vb caHCspHTft 97. 

§ 47. GHHBOJIHKa Bl nepCHACSOM'B ilBHBft • ... 105. 
§ 48. GHlBOIHSa Bl COBpexeHEHXl jishiuixi hhao- 

eBponelcBHXi 109. 

06pa30BaHi« eioBi noHoipiiio eyttiKCoei. 

A. Bib flSHKAXl HHAO-EBPOnEfiCKHX'b, 
8A BOBXD^SHISHX OJfiBAHOBIXl. 

§ 49. GocTaBi nepBoeaqaxbHiixi sopHeB . • • . 113. 
§ 50. SopHH ($681 cyj^^HKCOBi Bi saqecTBft cavocTO- 

jiTexuiHxi eioBi 117. 

§ 5L GyqxoTBHTSiBHHay obpasobihbha bebiho- 

lOqi Oy««HSOOBl H OOBBAAiDmifl CirXAFOXl- 

HUHH BOPflflMH. 

1) Bi caHCBpirt 118. 

2) -* APOBHO-tfanpiBcBon lasBt • • . • 118. 

3) — rpeiecson hbhbI 119. 



n 



Cmpofu 

i) Bh jraTHHCROHi BzwA . . k . . . 121. 

6) «— roTCKOM!b B2mA 124. 

OyftOHKoi -a. 

§ 62. 1) Bh caHCKpHTft 125. 

2) — ApeBHe-tfaKTpiBcBom irsHsft. • . • 127. 

8) — rpeqecKosi 128. 

4) — JiaTHHCfioiii. 130. 

5) — roTCKOii 132. 

6) — HopAcaoii . . . . 133. 

7) — MTOBCBOM'b 134, 

§63. Oy^^HKci -a n ZMecnt BTopoeTeneHearo. 

1) Bi caHcspHTi^ 136. 

2) — ApeBHO-(JaBTpiHcKOii usHSt. . . . 187. 
8) — rpeqecaoM'B. .187. 

4) — MTEHCBOll 138. 

% 64. 1) Bi eaHcspHTCKOMi szuiA 140. 

2) — ApeBHe-(5aKTpiacK0« 142. 

8) — rpe'iecKOMi 143, 

4) — UTHHCKOM^b 145, 

5) — rOTCKOv<B 146, 

6) — HOPACBOMI 148. 

7) — JIHTOBCBOMl , . 149. 

§ 66. Of$$HBCi -an (ocjia(Sji. -in). 

1) B'b CanCEpHTCBOMl iTBHBft 151. 

2) — ApeBHe-daBTpiBcBOMi 152. 

8) — rpeqecBOMi 152. 

4) — jiaTHBCBon I53, 

5) — roTCBOMi 156. 



vn 

CmpoH. 

6) Bb HopxcsoKb 166. 

7) — iHTOBCson. •••••••• 157. 

§ 56. Of#HRC% -ana. 

1) Bi e&HOBpHTCBon asHBt. 167« 

2) — xpeBHO-((aKTpiffcBon 158. 

8) — rpevecBOH^ 159* 

4) — JUtTHHCKOHl 161. 

6) — roTCKon 162. 

6) — HopACKon 168. 

7) — jiHTOBCBon 163. 

§ 57. Oyji^HKCB -ant (-nt). 

1) Bi caicBpHTCKon ASHsft 164. 

2) — ;(peBH6-($aKTpiicBon • 166. 

8) — rpevecBon. • • • 16 V* 

4) — jiaTnHCsoM'B 169. 

6) — roTCBOHi 171. 

g) — HOpACKOH'B • • • 172« 

7) — JIBTOBCBOHl 178. 

§ 58. Gy#Hsci '08. 

1) Bi caHCspHTCSon bzwA 174. 

2) •— ApoBHe-tfaBTpiIcBoi*& • 176. 

8) — rpeqecBoii ... 177. 

4) — JiaTHHCBOMi ('or^ -re, -ere, 'Or-^ -ur-). 178. 

6) — roTCBon h UTOBCBom 182. 

§ 69. 1) Bi caHCBpHTCBOHi jiSBst ("ja, 'tapja^ 

-antja) 188. 

§ 60. 2) Bi xpoBHe-($aBTpiSeBOM'b 186. 

§ 61. 8) — rpe^ocBom (-/^, -/a-) 188. 

g 62. 4) — laiiHCBOw ('io^ -ioni^ -ta, -eo) . • 192. 



vm 



CmpoH. 

§ 68. 5) Bi roiCEOJii (-ja, -jan) 196. 

§ 64. 6) — HopACKOMi 200. 

§ 65. 7) — juTOBCBoii (-ja, -ju, -m, -esy) . . 202. 

Gy««iBci -ka. 

§66. 1) Bi caHCEpHTCKMi ASHEft (-Tta, -ika) . . 206. 

§67. 2) — AP6BBe-<$aETpi3cEoiii 207. 

§ 68. 8) — rpeqecKOii (-jco, -xij, -am) .... 209. 
§ 69. 4) <— nTRHCEom (co, -t«o, -guIo, -ac, -ic^ 

-cro) 210. 

§ 70. 5) — roTCKOHi I jiHTOBesoii 216. 

§71. $opiiH cy$$HKca -ma 218. 

8 72. 1) -ma bi cancKpHTCKOii ASHsi (-moj -mi^ 

-man, -mdna^ -mant) 218. 

§ 78. 2) Bi ApeBH6-5aRTpiBcK0M'B •..•,, 223. 
§ 74. 8) — rpoqecKOMi ( -/^o, ./icu, -//lco, .^f y©, .^^^v, 

-/^^^) 227. 

§ 75. 4) — MTHflCKom C-mo, -wa, -mw, -me»fo, 

-manio^ -mna^ -mnoj -mini) . . . 232. 

§ 76. 5) ~ roTCKOMi (-man) 238. 

§ 77. 6) — jiHTOBCKOMi (-ma, -we, -ima, -men). 289. 

§ 78. OxoHqaHifl -wa, -«i, -nu 241. 

§ 79. 1) Oy$$HBCH -»a, -m, -nw bx caHCKpHTCKOw 

flSEnct 242. 

§ 80. 2) Bi ApeBHe-tfaBTpiffcaoMi 245. 

§ 81. 8) — ppeqecKOMi (-y©, -/vo, -vij, -v/, -vu). . 248. 
§ 82. 4) — laTHHCKOMi (-no^ -na^ -tno, -umo^ 

-ni, -nu) ......... 250. 

§ 83. 5) — roTCKOM (-ana, -ni, -^u) .... 253, 



Cmpofu 

§ 84. 6) Bi HopACKOMi (-inn, -na, -ni) . . . 255. 
§ 86. 7) — JiBTOBCEOMx (-na^ -m, -nw, -wwa, -tny, 

-ine, -ena) 257. 

§ 86. Cj$4>HKCH ra, 'la 259. 

§ 87. 1) Bi caHCKpHTt (-ra, -ri, -ru, 4a, -lu) . 260. 

§ 88. 2) — ApeBHo-tfaBTpiBcKOMi jshkI . . . 262. 

§ 89. 3) — rpeiecBOMi (.f a, -f 0, .^, .A£), -Act, -All). 263. 
§ 90. 4) — asTBHCKOMi (-ro^ -ra, -ar^ -ario, -to, 

-ttZo, -ula, -Ui, -a?i, -art) . . . 268. 

§ 91. 6) — roTCKOMt ('Ta^ -la) 272. 

§ 92. 6) — iHTOBCBOVb (-ra, -arius, -to, 4i8, -to, 

'Ola, -«a, 'Ida, -di) 273. 

§ 93. Oy$$HKCH -to, -tor, -fra 275. 

G y « « V B G I -to. 

§ 94. 1) B^ caRCBpHTCBon azujs/k 276. 

§ 95. 2) — jtpeBHe-tfaBTpilcKOB'L 277, 

§ 96. 3) — rpe^ecBOMi (-ro, -rtij --ny^, -nyr-) . 279. 

§ 97. 4) — jiaTiiHCBon C-to, -to, 4dti, -tMi) . 283. 

§ 98. 5) — roTCBOM (-da, HopACs. -^a) . . . 288. 

§ 99. 6) — JiHTOBCBOHi C'ta) ...... 290. 

§ 100. Cy$$HBCH 'tana, -tna, -tja, -thwa . . . 292. 

§ 101. Cy$$HEci -tor 293. 

Oy««HBGH -tor, 'tra. 

§ 102. 1) Bl CaHCBpHTCKOll flSHBt 294. 

§ 103. 2) — ApeBHe-tfaBTpiBcBOM-B (-tar, -thra) . 298. 

§ 104. 3) — rpeqecBOMi (-«f, -rof, -rtwf-, -ny^; 

-riff/c^, -rf/o, -rfo, -J^Ao, -rfiJ-) . . 300. 

§ 105. 4) — jaTHHCBon (4er, -tri, -tor, -trie, 

-Wo, 'tura, 'torio^ -tdri^ -tdli, -tUi, 

4ro, -tra) 306. 



X 

CmpoM, 

§ 106. 5) Bi roTCRon h HopxcKOii 811. 

§ 107. 6) — MTOBCSOHIb 312. 

0' y « « H K I -^i. 

§ 108. 1) Bi caHCspHTib (-ti^ -tja) 812. 

§ 109. 2) — ApeBH6*tfasTpi8cK0H% nsst . • • • 814. 

§ 110. 8) — rpevecBOMi (-n, -r/xc, -««) • . • 815* 

§ 111. 4) — MTHHCKOMi (-Hf 'tia^ 'tii, -tidni) . 818. 

§ 112. 6) — roTCKom (-di, -thi) 821. 

§ 113. 6) — iHTOBCKOMi ('ti, '8tif -<•»•, "tine) . 322. 

Cy««HKO% "tU. 
§ lU. 1) Bl CEHCKpHTCBOn A8HSt ("tU^ 'tum^ 

'tave^ 'tavdij -i5s, -tvd^ -tva) . . 824. 

§ 115. 2) — ApoBHe-daKTpiBcBOMi ^-toy -ft;a, -t%u;a^. 328. 

§ IM. 3) — rpeqecBom asHiit (-rv^ -avvti) . . 829. 

§ 117. 4) — JiaTHHCBOM-b ('tum^ -tiWin, -tuo-) . 381. 
§ 118. 5) — roTCEOii ('thu^ -rfn, -thva, -dva^ 

-nassuj "duthi) 888. 

§ 119. 6) — aHTOBCKOMt ('tUf 'tuva) .... 885. 

OyOOHBGH O'b d, dh. 

§ 120. 1) Bi caHCspiiTCKOii'b usHS'k (-dhjdi) . . 385. 

2) — j^peBse-tfaBTpiBcBOK'B Odjdi) . . . 336. 

3) .^ rpeqecson (-dct/, -(I/o) 336. 

§ 121. 4) — MTHflCEOMi (-ido) 837. 

QyooHKOi -va (-van^ -vant). 

§ 122. 1) B^ caHcspHTCKOX'B Jisnat 888. 

§ 128. 2) «— AP<)BHe-6aBTpi8cBOH% (-^a^ -wa^ -van^ 

-wan, -vant) 341. 

§ 124. 8) — rpdiecRoa!b (-p?, -w-=F^rp=p»y«). 843. 



XI 

Cmpan. 

§ 125t 4) Bi UTHHCKon (-vo^ -tio^ -ivo^ -dso^ -bo^ 

'InUo^ "bundo, -bili) 344:« 

§ 126. 6) — roTcsoii!B 350. 

§ 127. 6) — UTOBCRon (-^a, -ef>s=es) . • • 350. 

■ 

ObPASOBAHII GPiBHHTIIBHOB I nPEBOOXOAHOB 

GTiniHlf. 

§ 128. 0(!p830BaHie cpaBHSTejibHoK e npeBocxo^RoB 

cieneHeB n azus&Tb He-HBAOeBponeHcsHU • 852. 

L ObPABOBAHIB OPABHHTIJIBHOB OTBHSHH. 

§ 129. Oy^NJ^BBCH -jana h tara 858. 

§ 180. 1) Of^jiHKCii "jdhSf -tjdns vb caHcspHTft • 859. 

§ 181. 2) Bx ApeBue-tfasTpiBcKOHi (-jdo) • • • 860. 

§ 182. 8) — rpeqecKoii (-/W) 860. 

§ 188. 4) — UTHHCKoi'B (-iar^ -ius) • • • . 861. 
§ 184. 6) — roTCRon (-is^ -ds) h bi bopacbohi 

f'iri^ -ari) .862. 

§ 185. 6) — UTOfiCBOHi ("isfija) 865. 

OyooHKci "tara. 

§ 186. 1) Bi caHCBpHTCBOMX flsuB'k 366. 

§ 137. 2) — ApeBHe-dasTpiflcKou'B 867. 

§ 188. 8) — rpeqecKOHi (-re^cn) 867. 

§ 139. 4) — jiaTHHCBon 369. 

§ 140. 5) — roTCsom h hopacromi 869. 

XL Obpabobahii npBfioozoAHoB otbhieb. 

§ 141. 1) Bi caneBpHTCsoM'B EBHsi ('tamaf -ikha). 870. 

§ 142. 2) — AP6BHe*((asTpiRcB0M'b (-temaf -ista) . 871. 

§ 148. 8) — rpeqecROMi (-i<rro, -rxro) .... 872. 

8 144. 4) -^ jaTHHOBon (-mOf -timo, -issimo) . 374. 



XII 

Cmptuu 

§ 145. 6) Bi roTCKon (-Ista. -dsta^ -tuma^ -duma). 876. 

§ 146. 6) — HopACKOMi ('ista^ -asta) . . . . 876. 

§ 147. 7) — JHTOBCBOW (-jdusia) 877. 

B. Cj[0B00BPA30BAHIE BX fl3UKAX'b GJIABflHGKHX'L. 

g 148. GocTSBi ej$$]iKCOBi cJtaeiiHcsHX'b . . . 878. 

L GyftftHKCH, GOGTOflimi H81 riAOHHX'b. 

§ 149. Cy(I>(|iHKci -a 881. 

Oy«ftHBG'b -a. 

% 150. 1) B^ ApeBBe-6ojirapcBOM!b flsast: 

a) -"L a) Bi HeHSMiHeflHom Kopii • • 881. 

/3) Bi jcHaeHBOHi BopHft . • • 888* 

b) -a 885. 

c) -0 887. 

§ 151. *a sasi cy^^^BRci BTopocTeneflOHB • 888. 

§ 162. 2) B'b pjccBOMi asHR^^: 

a) -» 891. 

b) -a 894. 

c) -0 896. 

§ 158. 8) Bi Ha;[opyccBOM*b 896. 

§ 154. 4) — ceptfcKoifB 898. 

§ 155. 6) — CJOBHHCKOM'B 408. 

§ 166. 6) — tfojirapcKOMi 406. 

§ 157. 7) — nojUiGBOMi 408. 

§ 158. 8) — ^emcBoifB . ^ 411. 

§ 159. 9) — jiysHiiKOM'b 416. 

§ 160. 1) Bx ApoBBO-tfoJirapcBoiii a^ws/k (-h) . . 418. 

§ 161. 2) — pyccROMi (-h) 420. 

§ 162. 8) — ceptfcBOKi 422. 



xm 

Cmpaiu 

§ 163. 4) Bi cjfOBHHCsoHi 428. 

§ 164« 5) — ((ojirapcKOHi 424. 

§ 165. 6) — nojiiiCBOMi 424. 

§ 166. 7) -^ viemcsoHi 426. 

§ 167. 8) — JiyxHaKOMi 428. 

§ 168. Gy(|»(|)HKCi 'U (-1) 429. 

U. Gy«ftHK6H, GOAEPXAO^Il OOrjaGHBA. 

L Gy^^escH, coxepsamie ropTaBHHH. 

a) G y ft n R c H ci h. 
§ 169. 1) Bi jiipeBHe-($ojirapcKOM'b hshkI (-k^^ -ka, 

-KO, -HITL, -bNHKl, -bCKl) • . • 430. 

§ 1 70. 2) Bi pyccKOHi (^-ks, -oi(5, -ui», -a^s, -iii», 

-fca, -KO, -aica, -anna^ -inoKh^ -euKb^ 
'HUKhy 'WiiWfPb^ -utuKa, -ymica, -utuKO^ 
-CKiii) 435. 

§ 171. 3) B^ MajiopyccKoui (-k^ -ok^ -ica, -ucko^ 

"UK^ 'UK^ 'HUK^ 'CKUU, -eOMCUil^ 

-onma) 447. 

§ 172. 4) B^ cep($CKOMi {-k^ -a^, -moic, -i«ic, 'Huk^ 

'AyKj 'Ka^ 'KOf -ckH) 450. 

§ 173. 5) Bi cjoBHHCBOHi ('Ic^ 'dk^-ikf-ekf -nak^ 

'^tak, -nikf -vik^ ^cek^ -ka^ -ko, ^ski) 456. 
§ 174. 6) Bi 6ojirapcBOHi (-u^ -lk^ -eu, -ak, 

-HK^ -NHK, -tKy -ITL, -UIKH ^ -I|KH) 461. 

§ 175. 7) Bi noibCKoifb (-kij -ak^ -ekj -ik^ -uk^ 

"Cgyky -nikf -unekf -ka^ -kOf -ski^ 
-isko) 466. 

§ 176. 8) B'b ^emcKOHi (-ky^ -dk^ -ek^ -dnekf ^anka^ 



XIV 

CmpaiL 

-ikj -nik^ -Uh^ 'ka^ -iwAa, -jfco, -dtko^ 

'Sk^f 4sko) 472. 

§ 177. 9) Bi JlyaH^BOM'b (-ki^ -ak^ -ft, -fft, -on*, 

-ik, 'cikf -nikf -ka^ -ko^ -sit, -cW, 
■^5&e, -sko).^ 479. 

b) y « • H s c H 1 9^ h^ c%. 

§ 178. 1) Bi jtpeBHe-tfojrrapcBOM'B «8SBft (-n, -on, 

-ra, -HM, -Hra, -wa, -;a, -a;cL, 
-oy;a, .;:a) 486. 

§ 179. 2) Bi pyccsoH'B n lajiopycGKOH'b ^-ots, -», -ta, 

-ma, -wa, -yea, -ma^ -m^ -a?a, -aaja, 
-Ma?a, 'Oxa^ -yxa^ -uxa^ '^xa) . . 488. 

§ 180. 8) Bi cepdcKow ^-*, -la, -a?, -xa). . . 493. 

§ 181. 4) — CJOBHHCKOM^ (-ga^ -h -ha) . . . 493. 

§ 182. 5) — (JoJirapcKOMi (-r, -n, -jc, -jcl) . . 494. 

§ 183. 6) — noibCBOM'B (-g^ -ga, -iga^ -uga^ ^ch, 

"Uch, 'CJuij -ficha) 495. 

§ 184. 7) Bi lemcKOM-B (-h^ -ha^ -ch^ -cha^ -och^ 

'Ouchf ^icha^ -ucha) 496. 

§ 186. 8) Bi JryxB^BOlPb C-oft, -Aa, -acA, -idi, -iicA> 498. 

n. Oy$4^VKCH^ coxopsantie c (i|), o (t). 

§ 186. 1) Bi ApeBHO-tfojirapcson jisBBt (-bqk, -qa, 

-bi|a, -Hi|a, -Lqe, -yl, -yhh). . . 499. 
§ 187. 2) B:b pjccROMi ('e%k%^ -mt -uiw, -^e, -ifd, 

-v«, -aw, -wv», -^ttf^ 603« 

§ 188. 3) Bb ujopyccBon (-e^9 -um^ -t^e, -h, 

-a^, -m) 606. 

§ 189. 4) Bi ceptfcBOMi ('-ot^, -eit, -e^tfa, -t^e, -dv, 

-at(a, -uh) 607. 



XV 

Cmpan. 

§ 190* 5) Bi ciOBHHeRon ("-ec, -40, -tea, -ce^ -vec^ 

-aniCf 'OCf -tc, -dca) 610. 

§ 19h 6) Bl tfOJirapCKOHl (-6I|^ -6H€I|, -aH6l|, -HlfL^ 

-i|6y -6Hi|e^ -av, -Y6) 614. 

% 192. 7) Bi noJibCSoi'B ("^ec, *iecy -ca, 'ica^ -ce, 

-oCier^ 616. 
§ 193. 8) B& viemcBOn ^-ec, -anec, -enec, -ce, 

-ice, ^{fC) 'ic) •.••••• 618. 
§ 1 94. 9) Bi JiysRiiKOM'B f-c, -oc-, -tea, -anc, -enc, 

-co, -C| -ac, -ca^ 62L 



in. Oy^^HBCH, cojiepsamie 8y(SHHfl. 
§ 196. 1) Bi xpoBHe-tfoirapcBoii flSHRft: 

a) 't (-rL, -MH, -M, -TO, -Tb, -CTb, 
-flTL, -HTL, -OTE, -Ml, -HT, -HUlTh, 
-TBI, -TBd, -LCTBO, -Tp*L, -T6|^l, -TeAh) 525. 

b) -<2 ("AA^ -Ai'^ 'AO, -K^) . • • . 632. 

§ 196. 2) Bi pjceson ^-^'i ~^^> ~^^> *^^9 '^^'i 

-iimsi 'Oeofrnf ^(wmz, -wmZf -ems, 
-0fn9» -m60| -m^a, -cmeief -meMt 
-ameAtHuii^ "umejMMU, -da, -dt^ • 633. 

% 197. 8) Bi laiopyccBon ("-m, -ma, -mo, -m^, 

-cmft, -am^ -um^ ^mea^ -cmeo^ -da) 638. 

§ 1 98« 4) Bb ceptfcBon ^-m, -Tna^ -d^a, -mo, -dcm^ 

-am, -«m, -acm, -ooiim, -y^t#, -e*f#, 
-m«a, -d^Ta, -omeOf -map^ -mpo^ 
fncAj -da, -dd) 639. 

§ 199. 6) Bb cjobhbcbou (-t^ -to, -uta^ -at, -ef, 

-a«f, -tt, -^c, -ec, -ft;o, -<f?a, -tw, 
-atvOf "tdj^ 4el, 'da, -dd) . . . 646. 

§ 200. 6) B& dojrapcson (-T, -Ti, -to, -oc, -ot^ 



XVI 

CmpoM. 
-M, -ar, -OT, -OBMT, -«C, -IUtIB, -TBI, 

-ciRo, -ie«, -^i, -jio). .... 54». 

§ 201. 7) Bi nojn«KOMi C-*, -ta, -to, -6, -os6, -ait 

-U, -asi, -ot, -cfcy, -ant, -twa, -stwo, 
-tro, -tra, -dd, -da, -do) . . . 552. 

§ 202. 8) Bi qemcsoii (-t, -ta, -ota, -to -i, -osi, 

•aii, -it^, -ut^, -et, -ot, -ottt, -cf, 
-ant, -etii, -tva, -stvo, -stvi, -td, 
'da, -anda, -do; ^d) 556. 

§ 203. 9) Bi JIyaH^Bo^I•b (-t, -ta, -ota, -to, -cy, -(?, 

-05C, -afy, -itjfj 'Cjjty, -tva, -stvo, 
-ceZ, 'cer^ -d, 'da) . • . . . 564. 

IV. Oyft«BBCH, ooASPSAqis rysHEur. 

§ 204. 1) B% xpeBHe-tfojirapcKoii flSHst: 

a) -i^Ba 568. 

b) -Ki, -aei, -aM, -hbti, -hkj, -hbo . 569. 

C) -M-L, -Mfl, -MO, -Men, -MHO . . . 571. 

§ 205. 2) B% pyccBOMi [ a) -ffa, b) -6«, -mww, 

-Utfb/«?, 'AtMUH, -M, -lira, -W^O, -6tfO, 

-deme, c) -jw, -^a, -^ -mh] . . 572. 

§ 206. 3) Bi MajropyccKOifb [-Ca, -«, -J<?, -oww, -o^, 

-we?, -uoo, -^, -jwa, -jio, -jn/i, ^Mtuh] 576. 

§ 207. 4) Bi ceptfcKon [ a) -tfa, b) -o^, -cw, -w, 

-yftWd, -ea, -aea, -Hso, c) -jk, -^a, 
-JKO, -jKe, -jmu^l 577. 

§ 208. 5) Bi cjioBHHCBOX'B [ a) -&a, b) -ov, -et;, -at;, 

-it;, -?;it;, -ra, ^ava, -ivo, -if;a, c) -m, 
•fMf -moj -me] 581. 

§ 209. 6) Bi tfojrapCKOtt'b [ a) -e*l, b) -ib, -ob, 

-AB, -HB, -ilHB, -Bl, -Ul, c) -M^ -Ml, 

-MO, -M6] 584. 



XVII 

Cmpatu 

§ 210. 7) Bi noiBCKOxi [ a) -&a, b) -w^ "Owyy 

-iwifj 'liwiff '^^ "^\ '^^9 "*^^> "^w^^ 

c) -m, -ma, -mo, -mte] • . • • 586. 

§ 211. 8) Bi qemcKOHi [a) -ha, -&z, b)-ot;y, -avy, 

'ivy, 'va, -^va, -et?, c) -m, -ma, 
-mo, -me, -men] 689. 

§ 212. 9) B% jfysHnKOMi [ a) -ba, b) -avy, -avy, 

"ivy, 'livy, -ava, -vo, c) -m, -mOf 
-fhoj -my, -mny] 694. 

y. Gy««HKCH, GOAIPSAimi n. 

§ 213. 1) B% ApeBHe-6ojrrapcKon ASQicb (-N!L, -Ml, 

-HN*L, -UNHNI, -UNHNl^ -Hh, -HA, 
-HNd, -HNHn, -UNil, -LNA, -NO, -bH!L, 
-6Hli, -tWL) 600. 

§ 214. 2) Bi pyccROMib (-m, -amy -um, 'Uh, -ym, 

'ua, 'Una, 'U3ua, -uhh, -«/?, -no, 
-Mte, -Huu) 605. 

§ 215. 3) Bi KaiopyecBoifb (-h, -an, -uu, -m, -Ma, 

-a«a, -w«ii, -«o, 'Huii) . . • . 610# 

§ 216. 4) Bi cep((cKOHi (-k, -a>&, -na, -fba, -una, 

-HOy -Hu) 611. 

§ 217. 5) Bi cjroBHHCKOM-B (-ny -ina, -ninay -en) . 614. 

§ 218. 6) Bi ((oirapcBOfli (-N, -hi, -hhi, -nl, -no, 

-HN, -eN) 615. 

§ 219. 7) Bi no-ibCKOM-B (^-», -on, -o», -ter, -u», 

-iia, -i^na, -w, -no, -nte, -ny^. . 617. 

§ 220. 8) Bi ^efflCKOKi (^-n, -aw, -on, -en, -fn, -on, 

-OMn, -na, -ina, -ninay -ynsy -{may 
'drnay -iznay -n, -nOy -nz, -enf, -ny^ 621. 

§ 221. 9) Bi jysHaBOiii ('-n, -an, -any -on, -on, 

-na, -)fa, -inay -ninay -t^na, -no, -ny^ 631. 



* 



XVIII 

Cmpaum 

§ 222. 1) Bi jipoBHe-((o2rapcKOM<B aaoBt: 

-Ub^ -AO^ -OAl, -bA*b, -oyAU^ -uaa) 685. 

b) Gy$({iHBea ci r (-yh, -epi^ -opi, -Apb, 
-opb^ -pa^ -6pa^ -vpa, *po^ -epo) . 638. 

§ 223. 2) Bi pyccROMi [a) -j^^ -My -4«, -40 

b) -jjwj, -apby 'pa, -pb, -jx)]. . • 640. 

§ 224. 3) Bi vajiopyccKOMi [ a) -Ay -Aa, -yAHy -i4t», 

•40, b) 'Py -pay -po'\ 643. 

§ 225. 4) B-B rep^CKOMi [ a) -o=-A'b, -04, -Ojb, 

'Atty 'JbUy -yft, -iAO, -a40, 'UAO . • 644. 

b) -P 'dPy "CPy 'UPy "0^, 'PUy "PO] . 647. 

§ 226. 5) Bi cJiOBHHCKOiix [ a) -?, -Ja, -Z^a, -y, 

-aZ, 'dy -lo; b) -r, -ar, -fr, -tr, 
-ra, -ro] ^ . . . 649. 

§ 227. 6) B-b (JojrapcKOMi [a) -a, -ai, -aa, -ao, 

-Ajo b) -p, -flp, -ep, -pi, -po]. . 652. 

§ 228. 7) Bi noJbCKOMi [ a) -?y, -?, -aZ, -aZ, -a?, 

-?a, -Z, 'Uy 'dto; b) -r, -ar^sr, ^aty 
-wr, -er, -er^, -ra, -ro] . . . . 654. 

§ 229. 8) B'b qeniCKOMi [ a) -Z, -Zy, -oZ, -eZ, -oly 

-Zo, -Ze, -ttZe, -Zo, 'dlOy b) -r, -af, 
-cr, -or, -ir, -owr, -ra, -ro] . . 658. 

§ 230. a) Bi JiyaHUKOMi [ a) -Z, -?y, -eZ, -Za, -7o, 

'dlOy b) -r, -ar, -6r, -OTy -ray'rol 661. 

VIL Gy««BKCH, GOAEPSAniiE DiHnfln^ia: 

O, O, ^, j?. 

§ 231. 1) Bi jipeBHe-6ojirHpcKOMi azuyA (-Cb, -6C, 

-iiia^ -lub, -€SKb) 664. 



XIX 

CmpoH. 

§ 232. 2) B% pyccBOHi h NajfopyecKom ("-c, -ec, -m, 

-umzy -wa, 'tuhj ^eoich^ -eatch, -ioic) 664. 
§ 238. 3) Bb ceptfcROHi ("-c, -dw^ -Htu, -ma^ -tUj 

-yvia^ 'Coic) 665. 

§ 234. 4) B% cJOBHHCSon (Sj -sa, -^er, -j?, -ei^ 666. 

§ 235. 5) B^ (Soirapcsoxi (-c, -lu, -6:k) • . • 667. 
§ 236. 6) B% noJibCBOMi (-Sj -Sj -sz^ -usa, -os^fj 

-issy -i, -a) 667. 

§ 237. 7) B% ^emesoMi (Sy -aSy -e^, -os, -us^ 

'0U8j -5, 'OuSj 'tdcj -ez) . . . 668. 

§ 238. 8) Bi jiysHiiKOMi ("-5, -5, -1*5, -^sr, -z). . 669. 



Vin. OKOHqAHIil CTb -;. 

§ 239. 1) Bi Ap6BHe-(SoJirapcBon asuKt (-b, -ja, 

-HH, -Hl€, -H11IT6) 669. 

§ 240. 2) Bi pyccBoxi h vajiopyccBoii (-Uy -iiiy -ja^ 

'ley -umCy "Uii) 671. 

§ 241. 3^ Bi cepCcKOM'b (-diy -ja^ -J6, -^wwe) . 672. 
§ 243. 4) B% cJOBHHCBOMi (-ay -^*, -;a, -/e, -isce, 

-ise; 674. 

§ 243. 5) Bi (SojirapcKOii (-j, Hji., -6, -huitg) . 675. 

§ 244. 6) Bi noibCBOMi (-jy -a;, -ja, -ie, -iszcze) 676. 

g 245. 7) Bi qemcBOMi (-jy -jay -^', -e, -<, -ike) 677. 

§ 246. 8) B-b JtyaHitKOMi ('-j, -ja, -t/e, -isco) . . 679. 

§ 247. OtfpaaoBaHie cpasHHTeiLHoB h npe- 
BocxoAHoB CTenoHeS bx flsusaz'b cia- 

BilHCBHZl. 

L Bi ApoBHe-tfoirapcKOH'b aasKi. . • • 680. 

IL — pyccBon 683. 

HI. — lajopyccKOU 684. 

lY. — cep($eBon 686. 



*« 



XX 

Cmpaiu 

Y. Bb ciOBHHCfioi'b muJsA ••••:• 688. 

YL ^ tfojirapesoifb 690. 

VII. — noiBCEOM* 690. 

YIIL — vemcRoii^b 692. 

IX* "^ ji;sHiiso» 693. 



nPE^HOJIOBIE. 



Ilpe COCTaBJieHiH STOpoB ^aCTH CpaBHHTOJBHOB rpaMMaTHRH 
BHAO-eBponoBCKHX^ ilBHROBly 8aBJIMaDa(0B Vh COtfi CJiOBO- 

o6pa80BaHi6| a pyaoBOACTBOBajiefl TftiiH-xe npHHiiHnaHH, boto- 

pue tfHjH 03JOS6HH MHOD wb nopBoI ^aCTI. XOTfl CJI0BOO($pa3OBaHie 

BiHamel orpacjiH npoRCxoAHn npesMyoiecTBeHHo nyTOi'B npacTaBKB 
n riaroJibHSH'B sopHflxi hjih bi cyn^ecTByDiiiHai'B yse cjioBaH^b 
paBHootfpasHHxi cy^^HscoBi, Bco ze ecTB h Apyria aBJioBia bi 
otfjacTK asHKOBiy OKaBBBaDqia Becwa ptniHTeJiBuoe BJiiaflie ea 
npoHCXozAeHie cosepffleHHO hobhx'e aaTeropifi cjeobi. Si taso* 
van npHBaAJOzaTi oeotSeHHO aeyKonodpaa/cauiei ydeoenie h 
cuMBOAUKa, o($HapyzHBai)iiiiaca bi ibJiimnTb hjih HeHBmHxi paa- 
iftpax^b BO Bcftxi asHKaxi. Taai-Kasi na nm bi cpaBBHTen- 
Hol Hayaft o assst ao chxi nopi o((pan(eHo Bec&aa Hajio bhh- 
lamii, TO, npH rjiytfoBoa^b nn BHa^ieHiH nu cjioBoodpasoBaHia 
(a pasflo HJLB otipaaoBaflia riarojiiHHXi BopHoB), a noveji ayz- 

BB» BOCBBTHTb BBSAOiy H81 HHX!b OCOtfflfl OTA^n, HpH qOXl, 

no cys^ooTBy a^u^ aejiBBfl 6wlo orpaHHUTBca oahibh toibbo bsei- 



EaMH HnAO-eBponAflcKoH oipacjin: HMenco n Tixi ir3Eisax<B, ko- 
TopEie no BHyTpeHHOMy CBoeuy yt^TpoScTBj ho xocTHrja sHaqii- 
TOJiBHoS cTeneHu 4^)pHa.iBHaro coBepmoHCTBa, Bume - ynoHflHyTEiii 
aBjieniH o^HapyKHBanTCfl ropasAO npoapaqefte, Hosejii bi HameB 
orpacjiT. Becbva jiDfSonnTHa BsaRHHaa cbasb, cy^ecTByD^aa Mes- 
Ay SBysonoApasauieMi a yABoeHieii, BecoMHiHEO BHXOAHmaa 
napysy npa cpaBHeaiH npHBeAeHiiHxx opHMtpou'b h aBJiaDiQaflca 
Bi» suaqHTejibHux'b paBH'bpaxi xaKse hi asHKaxTi cjaBaHCRJix'b 
(cpaBH. Hanp. cjiOBa: 6a'6aj me-m-fca=?eincB. te^ta^ ds-dn, 
HH'HHy mH-ms^ KOA'O'KOMj nepe-nsA-Kaj npa-nops; laiopyc. 
KO'K0=sA\ifij i^>{-t^ji=xoponiafl Ben^s, nrpymsa, Ka-ifa=H6xo- 
pomaa Bes^L, ah-ah = MajieB&soe autjIi syiUEa^ ea-ea = pasa, 
6oAh H npo9«)« 

Bi OTA'bJii pas^ffpaiDnieui cj[OBoo((pa30BaTei[bHEie cy^^Bscn 
JI3EIS0B1 HHAO-eaponeHcKHxi (sa HCKJUo^eHieifb cjiaBracsHxiX ' 
Aojseai 6hji% BonycTHTb ashkh sejibTssie, Tasi-aaK'B nocsyA- 
flim AonieAniHMfb ao BacB , naHflTHnKani AP^Bse - HpjiaHACKaro 
flsnaa yAOBiOTBopHTeuHoe o($o8p%flid npBMBBaDn^HX'B CH)Aa cy$- 

4^HKC0B*b OKasaJIOCB BeBOSMOXHUK'B. "^TOdH H6 CJOIDKOS'B yBeJIH^H- 

BaTB ot^ieiia BTopoB ^lacTir, aysHo 6wlo ocTaBKTB noca Bi-CTOpont 
pastfop'B ^HCJHTejiBHHXi Kb HHAo^OBponeBcsoB OTpacjB; ohi tfy- 
AOTi noMiniem vh ipeiBeB ^acTH, bi soTopoB Cja^'^ HSjaraTBca 
otfpaBOBanie ^opn. 



bbeji;ehie. 

§ 1. npfl Bcexx pasHool^pasiH cnocotfoBi ot^paaoBanifl ciob's 
Bi OTA'biBHQX'B HecxoAHHxi^ (rrpacjii[i'& ji3eibob'&, yciarpHBaDT- 
efl tiwb ne MeH'&e h rasie iomohtei^ KOTopne eBoScTBOHEH flsfi- 

SaMly Be COCTOAniHM'b CO($eTBeHHO H6XA7 COtfOD HE B'b KaE09 6lH- 

zalmet cbhsh. IIpHHiiHn's, no soTopovy npoHcxoxETB hobeu cjio- 
Ba, Ha ocHOBaniH jih CBoflcTBOHHiix'B asHsy BopneB, hjh so hs'b 
coBepmeHHO hob^x'b ajiexeHTOBi (sasi nanp. nps ot^pasoBaniH 
cjLovb BByBonoApazaTejiBHHX'B ) , tfeai coMB'bHifl b'b BasAoB ca- 
]iocTOflT6iiHo8 oTpacra npoBOAHTCfl* CBoeo($pa3BOy npHHopaBJiHBaacB 
Bi THiiy AftHHaro assRa : Bce-Tass h vh pasHHXi OTpacuxi osa- 
BHBaeTCfl He p^Aso npoHBJieHie o^Horo h loro-se npHHiiHna. Bjin- 
Bie padsHxi MoieHTOBi OTpasaeica na ot^pasoBaaiH cjobi, Hxen- 

Bo: 4K)HeTHqecKi8 cociaB's HSHBai rpaxiaTHqecBoe ero ycipoB- 

« 

CTBO, nOlBHSHOCTB erO OTA'&^BHHX'B WCT6B; eCJTH HOSHO lOBa- 

N 

aaTB ToxAecTBeHHOCTB HJH oqeBHAHoe cxoACTBO A&Hflaro npHHiii- 
na B^ HSBEax'B EecpoAHHXi, TO o((n(66 ero sna^eHie vb ynoxE- 

HyTHXl HBHSaX'B HeCOHHi^HHO. IIpE 06pa30BaHiE CIOBl AOJSHO 
06paTHTB 0e0($eBH06 BHEHaHie Ha to OtfCTOEieJBCTBO, npOHCXOAHT^B 
JIfl Vk HBHSi ClOBB HeSaBECEHO OTb erO Haj[HViUX!B HJH BOOtf- 

1 



2 0BPA80BAHI1 CJOBl. §§ 1— 2« 

jofi HSBicTBUxi BopaeB, uh so cjiaraDTca obh, Ba ocHOBaBii 
CTporo onpeAiiOBBHXi npaBUi, hbi BHpatfoTaBmHXCH yse ajie- 
MeflTOBi. Bi oocjii^ABeii'b ciywi jibhbi, KOBeqao, BecpaBBOHBo 
tfojiie paBBin, ^mi b% nepBOHi, Tasi-Eas'B o($pa80BaBi6 gjiobi 
otfycjiOBJiBBaeTCfl oprafli^ecsHn yCTpoIcTBOi^ BBHEa h ero sop- 
nel, Hexxy*^B'^*BaBi vb nepBom cjiy^aft 6 HacTOnmei'b pas* 
betIh BSflKa nocpeACTBOMi BBBftcTBHX'b qjeflo-pasA'bxBHHXi m- 
CToB flejiBsa h noiHmMTB; lasoe flanpaBJieaie ycHaTpHBaeTCA nanp. 
Bi szasA KHTailcsoHi, a npoTHBonojiosBflB eiiy opraHflsn — vh 
eaHcspHrt. 

§ 2. BoflpocB o6t> o(;pa80BaBii cjtobi vb M^zhicnon ean 
CTpoik npaiBHKOBi, Bi caisxi nepBHX^ naqajiaxi, o EOTopuxi 
m Mosei'B npoAeTaBHTB oahh jbdib BeyAOBjeTBopHTejiBHaa h ot* 
pHBoqflHA cMpaxeHiii h BpeAnoiozeflifl, noAJesHTi TasHHi sa- 
TpyABeBian, ^to OABa-u hoxho npeAaaaTBCfl HaAesA'b Ba yAO- 
BJieTBopiTejiiHoo ero piffleflie, co cTopoHH cpaaBiTTejiBEaro iiaa- 
BosBaEifly oyTOHi aHajuiTH«ecBfl»9 xas'B-RaB'B btotb Bonpoci eo- 
BepmeEBO eoBnaAaen c^b boabithhi yxe ctojibbo paa^ h nept- 
meBflflM'b en^e Ao-CHXi-nopi Bonpocon o BpoHcxosAOBiH h o(S* 
pasoBaaiH JcaHsa Boo^qe. IIopasHTejiBEoe pasHooiSpasie npeAOTaa- 
jieflHHX'B Aoeejift iHtflifi, CTpaaaae BHsoAiiy ki soTopHx^ aepi^A- 
EO npatiikrajiE iBorie aai aasiiaBmHxci bthmi Bonpocoii, ne- 
ocHOBareji^flOCTB npHBOAeHBHXi lu abhhhx'b i OTcyTCTaie bcb- 
aaro Bpo^aaro ocBOBaiia CBHAftTeJiBCTByDTii c^HmsoHi mho o 
($63HaA6SH0CTi noAo^HHxi nooHToai. Ei» pa3ptflieHii> btoK aa- 
AaqH HOJiBaa npttsTyniTB, ho aaAaBmi cetft npesAe Bcero bo* 
npoca — Basiii aopeHBiiJ nepBOHa^ajiBflHa cthxIi aafuiMajiH wb 
C6(Sft canie ApoBBie, HaaicTHHe coBpeioHHoM nayicb, no aodi6a- 
mm AO Baci uauTHHsaMi, aaiiBH, BaaU $opMH oaaaHBaDTca 
Haci&AOBaflHHiH orb npaaaHKOBiiy ckojbko TasHXi npaasHsoB'B 
eyni^ecTBOBajio hi napBofiuTuoiii paaBiTiH qejioBt^ecTBa, ^±vb obh 
OMHVUHeb APyK''B oTi Apyra, ci saaHxi nopi BaqBEaercii pas- 



BBBXBHIS. §g 2 — 3. ^ 8 

BiTBJCEie npSilBHBOBl Ha OTAiJBHHK OTpaCJH H <iep63l KEKio 

nepeBopoTH sbjsobi k ^opai ohh aojukhh iuiis, nepexoAHTS. Pi- 
menie 8thxi-to BonpocoBi bi HacTOfl^ee Bpeui . npflSHaeTCH ue- 

BOBlOSHHX'b H npOMdBOUBBfl BHAJHSS HO npOJHBaOTl Ha HHX'b 

HHsasoro CBftra. flsusH BHxepjiH wi CBcexi ncpBHquoHi BHAt, 
■ 6paTBCfl sa BOcnpoHSBOAeHie hii, ooHpaflCB na HajLH^HHe, hc- 
nHTEBmie ctou pasHOotfpasHQA h Becbu eyn^ecTseHHUfl HSi^bHeHUi 
laTdpiuiHy SHa^HTi HxtiB npHTXsaHie sa pftmeHie Bonpoca, boto- 
PhI| npH sacTOiiuiex'B noJioseHiH usasosBaiiB, ao^sho ocTaBHTB 
wb cTopoHt. dnoxa TBopqecTBa bi asHBft HEBOBaja, HCXOAHan 

TO^BA, on KOTOpoS lOBLHO 6b CJIaOBBTB, BOCXOABT'B Bl BpO- 

leBBHi Aifl Baci BCAociiraeMiixi, h noAotfuHe npieuu ^xaei ocho- 
BaTejiBHoS {a3pa($0TBft BayqHHX'B BaAaqi). Bhhhcjh, cROifB 6ii 
OHi ocTpoyMHHu HHorAa BH BasajiHeB, ropasAO tfojifte npnH- 
EMim BpeAB^ ^Ttb npHHocxn nojiBSH, BHymaji spoit Toro npe- 
BpaTBoe noHBTie o eABHCTBesBO Btpson leroAt, ^OToparo aois- 
Ea npHAepsBbaTkCB flaysa cpaBHBTejiBHaro BsuKoaBaHU, npa- 
HBAJiezaniaH b% HajicaH'B noj[OXHT6Jit>flH«'E« J(o($pocoBtcTHad pas- 
patfoTBB AOCTynnaro bbbi iiaTepiajia OTspHBaoT'b eABHCTBeHSBl 
D}TB Bi o6pa(!oTBt caxoi BayBB. 

npE Bonpoci o(Si ofipasoBafliH cjLovh ^oo6mfi ipeACTaBJtJieTCfl sft- 
CBOiB&o coo6paxefliKy ocflOBaiHuxi ua noiouxeJiBEHXi AaaHuxi, so- 

TOpBB, XOTB B^ HtSOTOpOMl OTBOmeaiff, npOJIBBaOTB CBtTB Ha 8Ty 

lacTB cpaBHHT6JiBHaro BBfi&oaflaflia; ohh saiUDqaoTCH u% cit- 
A^mmfiWb :^ 

g 3. PaacHaTpflBaa cnocotfi odpasofiaHU eiowb bi rbxi h3H- 
saxi, BOTopae Bftpaie octbibhuxi coxpaaHJiH xpdBHiS tbhi, 
Mu HOAHtqaeB^b BHorAa Taaie xoxeHTHi BOiopne cbohbi Heocoo- 
piBHM'B, BBBHB^ BHaqeHiexi yse na caxHxi nepBaxi nopax'B 
HOBOiBBO ocTaflaBJ[HBa»rB flame BBHBafiiOi rBn tfojrbe, wo ohh 

CB0l6TB6BHH I APyrBBl BOCpOAAHBl H tfOi'bO paBBHTHMl, BOBJUI-^ 
BIBltb BBUBanl.Bl TaKOU-SO BJH Bl BOAOOhOMI BBA^. BpiTH- 

V 



4 BBTBOnOXPAXlHIl. §g 3—4. 

iieeKiB paatfopi TaEnx'B xoienroB^b k uoKioj^m^M m npiHopoB- 

Sa K% IlilHH'B OTpaCJ[JIH!b He IOSeT!B H6 ffiimh BaiZHHXl KM 
CpaBHHTOJTBHarO B3y96Hifl flSHSOB'B HTOrOB^. COBOKjnHOCTB OTA'&IB- 

HHXi exoAHE[X!b flBiefliS Kb pasEHXi cexBJixi aseisobi pasiflc- 
wen cyn^ecTBjiDiiiiS SAftcB npHHiiHn'B BecBxa onpoA'bjiHTejiBHO. Hsi 

TiTb HOXeHTOBly otfCJZAOHie SOTOpUXX CTOHTl Ha nepBOMi OJia- 

Hft, CJitxyDH^ie sacjysHBaDT'B ocotfeHHaro BHirxaHifl: 1) HpHH- 
Hnnvb odpasoBaeifl ciob'b nocpexcTBOii seynanodpacHcamfi ^ 2) 
npHHiiinii ydeoeniH, 8) ctuieoAUHo. 

L ^ByKOnOAPiXAHlB. 

§ 4. SBysonoApasame npexcTaBiJieT'B BecBHa BasHHB $aK- 
Topi npH o($pa30BaHiH cjeob^b Bootfnte; noii> hehi noApasyHt- 
Baen to ABJOHie, BCi'bACTBie ROToparo pasHsie npeAHBTn hjth 
A^BctbIh BHpasanTcii bi nejioBiqecEoB pfiw TaRsxH SBysaKE, 
KOTopHe, Ba-csojiBKO xosHO Bftpffie, noxpasa]DT!B SBysaii'B Ha- 
*rypH. HpH otSpasoBaniH laKHXi cjcobi iji sByROBnx'B koh- 
nJieRCOBi npHpoAa cava eiysHJia qejOB^sy nacTaBHHiieiDy h npo- 
BcmeAHiiH TasHHi nyioH'B cjiOBa, npn oTcyTCTBin bcaboB qysoB 
npHHicH, BnpasaiDTB BocBHa H^TKO osHaqaoHoe hhk noEATie. Sey- 
KonojipasaTeiBBHe ajieieHTH h3o6hj!;dt'b wh RasAOHi HSHst; ohh 

HO OrpaHHqHBaDTCH OnpeA^eHHEIHH qaCTflHH pi^H, H ynOTp66j[6- 

Hie HX'B qpesBH^aBHO paenpocTpaHeBo; MHorowcjieHHiiB pasp^A'^ 
ciOBx vb saxAon mueA hochti bhahksB hxi ornewTOKi. OqeHB 

nOHATHO, ^TO laUfl CTHXiH B!B paSHHX'B ASHSaX'B HJIH OTpaCJIflXl 

npHHHiraDTi bha'b BecBxa paaHootfpaaHnB, xaKi-sasi hhofhix na- 
poAaii HBBicTBHJi co^eTanifl sbjkob^b nosasyTCH 3ByBonoApasa^ 
TOJiBHHU, TorAa-RaBfB T%-ze caMHE co^eTaHifl y apf^z'b Hapo- 
AOB!B vb STon OTHomeniH iHrnoHH BCHKaro 3HaqeHiH« Tas'B, nanp., 
HaBoueHie rjiacHHZ'B hi flSHBaxi nojiHHesiBcBHX'B BecBMa tocto 
CJiysHTb yBMaiejiex'B SByBonoApasaTeiBnaro SHaqema A^naro 



SBysonoAPASAiiK. § 4. 5 

ejOB&i TOFAa-saK'b wb KSBsascsHxi flsnsaxi, nanp., lasoe-se ox- 
BomoHie npoffiJiiieTCfl bi HasonjieHiH corjacHHTbi ocotfoHHj^ rop- 
TasHHX'b H mnniiii^HU* y HapoAa, ashs'b EOToparo iHrnoHi co- 
nacHHXi mknflmHX'B, KopHH SByfionoApaxaiejiBHHe osazyri co- 
BepioeHHo APF^B cocTaB'B, n/bwb y HapoAa, B!B flSHsft soioparo 
Tftsie SBjKH HBOt^uryDn. Gtojtb qacTO saHftqaeioe OTeyiCTBie Ofr 
Hol HsrB EsaBHHXi^r HjH { vb pasHHX'B flSHfiax'B He Mosen 
He OTpazaTBCH bi cJOBaxi sBysonoApasaTeiBHHX'B ; He lenfte 
BiUnn Ha HHXib cpaBHHTejBHoe (^oraiciBO hjh on^THTeiBHaH 
iifflocn rJiacHHX'by BCJii^ACTBie qero nponcxoAnn wb nuiA co- 
pasiibpHoe rapioHHvecBoe pacnpoAiaeHie corjiacHHx:B| mjol Heno- 
Mftpnoe Hxi BasonjieHie, saTpyAHHiDH^ee neptASO b% Bna^HTeiB- 
BoB cieneHH cBotfoAHoe, uaBHoe npoHSHomeHie cjobi. Bojinqe- 

6TB0 aieHeBTOBX SByKOUOApasaTeJBHHX'b 6*5 AaHHOHX H3fiBft o((y- 

cjoBMBaoTGH CTenoHBD ero rpaHHaTH^ecBaro h aescHEaiBHaro 
pi^BHm : qtHi 6ojite hshkx pasBHTi, rbwb Coiie yipauBaen 
ovh CTHxiH SByKonoApasaxeJiBaHH , h fla-o($opon: yfkwb Honie 
asHsi pasBBTiy T'bM^b CojAq cnoco((cTBy6Ti owb pasBHiii) no* 

AOdflHX'B dJieiieHTOBl. B!b H8HS4b pa8BHT0Hl| XOTH HpHHAHHl 

BBysoHOApasaHifl ycTpoHJica na TasoM'B-se ocHOBaniv, sasi h b'b 
azwA OTHOCHTejBHO 61i]iflon h HepasBHTOii, Bce-se ohi yipaTHi'b 
yse BHA'B nepeoHanajibHuii; HacTOfl^aH nepBO($HTHaH ^opna TasHX'B 
eJOBi AaBHo yse crjiaseaa, ^opHaJiBHaa cbhsb OTAftjiBHHX'B ?acTe8 
cTanoBHTCH 6oJi4e oT^eTJiHBoffi ynpoHiOHie Bcixi ^opi^B yHHiTOsaen 
HepftAKO oco($eflHH8 xapasTepi cjob'b SBysonoApazaTejBHHX'B. He 
eiOTpii Ha 8T0 H B'B caMHXi pa3BHTHX'B HsuKax^ eqe Bi HacTOAn^ee 
Bpeu MOZHO DOAo6paTB HHOsecTBO cjoBi, OBasHBaoniiHxcfl o($pa- 
soBaHHHU flsi SBysoHOApasaTeuHHX'B Kopnel '• IIo iiaTepiajy h 



' JSfijooao sairBTiiTb, <ito cjobo ■SByKono^paxaBieB 6epeirb sAficb n doxfee 06- 
ampBom cmucj.'B, noHimafl nc^b Han ae Taiuco /cuAcTBie, iQ>0B3B0Ajni;ee cMia, 
KOTopuA o^paaoBan ce(^ qejioBiacb B%-noApaxaoie dByxaMii XBBoraux'by opeAMe- 
TOBb OKpjxaioiiiefi ero npapoAbi h op., ho BOo6ii|e bcb rt sbjkh b ot^'Bjwua 



6 BBysonoxPiSAQis. §§ 4—5. 

npextjiaiiiy bi KOTopnii pasBEBaercJi ctojtb bszehB npHHi^imi 
Bi flSBsaxiy MOZHO pasA^JiiiTB ero na rpn naBOHXi BHAa,-** 
SBjisoDOApasaTejiBHsS aieMeHn: a) bi otfosHaqeniH CTenoHeS pox* 
CTBa, b) vb o(!o3HaqeHii znBOTaHXii c) bi caoBaxx, BHpasaiH 
m^rb npoAMOTB ofipysaDii^eB ^eJOBtea npHpoABi pasHSii A'bB* 
CTBifli ^jBCTBa H np., 

l)'GBfdB OBOSHi^BHIlI OTSDBHllI POAOTBA 6% 8JII- 
llHTill BByBOnOAPASiTSJIBHBMH. 

§ 6. OjeBa, BHpasaDii^if hohjitui ametf« i Mamh^ den ca- 
iHtHiH npHHaji;iexarB vh paspujiy nepBHXi cioei, soTopea bxo- 
XHJUi B'b HeiHoro^ncjieHHHM coeraai ynoTpetfjiHexHX'B nepaotfuT- 
EHii ^eioBtoofli Bupasefiil; Ti-se canu ejiosa npesAe xpy* 
rHX^ Baai*To HaBESHBavTCfl petfeasj, Tasi-RaRi jnoTpe(S.ieHio Hx*b 
CTaEOBHTCii Xifl floro BeH36txnoD noTpe6HOCTBD. npBAyvaTB 

XM BTIX!B He06X0AHlHX% CJIOBl CaXHO npOCTHO BO-BOBIIOSBOCTH 

aayaoBHe BOinjieKCH, ycrpaHHTB on bhxi act Becyn^ecTBeHBHO 
BjexeHTH H DOBHHOBaTBca OAEOiy TOJiBKO BHymeEii) npnpoxH, — 

BOTl I^tflB, El AOCTflSOEll) EOTOpoR CTpeifllCE UepBO^HTEHB ^6- 

jOBiE'B, npisesEBafl cetft EHpaseBia au eoeetIB omew h juamt^ 
KtjiB, BOTcpoB ofli xo:;TEri nowE tfeseoanaTeJiBiio, cyAE no Bsy- 
iBTOJiBfloB aHajoria btexb BHpazefliB ai eaiHXi pa8Eoo((pa3flsx'B 
eeiBflxi EBBSOBi E no aaBiwTejTBHoay cxoAcray aaajrDqaexBX'B 
HIE BBysoBi. Hsi Bcixi SBykoBi ^ejioBtqecKoB pliqE canBe npo* 
CTBe tfeacnopBO rt, soTopae eb EasBBaexi ty'iHUMU (b^ Pf m): 
m npoEBEomeflie eo npeACTaajaerB BEsasExi aaTpyAHeniB bi 
^EBiojorEqecEoi'B OTE^moEia, rbn ((ojifte, ^ito aib BsroBopa exi 
E6 Tpe(SyeTCH BEsasoB, be nocpeACTBeBEoB^ be EenoepeACTBeaBoB 
noEon^E EBBBft EJiE 8y()0Bi; coo6pa8flo CB BTEEi rytfaae sayaE bo 



ciovbl, KOTopufl opapoAa caifa 6jj^ sjajien veJOBtoj vh porb ■ ■ofTopUA cjy- 
MATb Kaiab-6u ojBaeTDopeiiieirb ero aoTpe6DOCTea9 BwpaaeBiorb q jBcreiy Racrpoe- 
BU 4jia n npq. Go4a» no cyniecTBy AUia, opimuKaer^ a paapMi MeKftOMeria. 



SByKonoAPisinii. §§ 6— 6. 7 

Bcftn flanBax'b oudHBaDn novn rt-se eairiie paaiftpH. 9tm- 
To SBjRi cjjxarb h ocHOBanievb cjioitb omew Mumh hi (Sou- 
nuracTBt Bcftu, CAtiaBmnxcji Ban laBtcTEHXH Ao-CHX'B-'nopi, 
asBicoBi. nopa3HT6XBfloe cxoACTBO 8TIXI cxoBi Bi BocBxa pas* 
jflVHHxi BBUKaxx ys6 caxo DO cetfi bbbo^^hti ea mqcjil npo- 
icxosA^HiH Hxi m^ oxsoro o($qaro laqaia. Tasi npoBCXOAHU 
eiOFH ma^ pa^ ha{wb npocTOii uh b'b yxBoeHaom BHAt: mama^ 
papa^ haba)^ ciApyroB CTopoHH -* am, op, oi, ebi soTopaxi 
ma vh <$0JBmBHCTBl cjiy^adB'B BHpasaen jvamt, pa — oimia. 
JIfiMXEo OAuaKo saHftTBTiiy ^TO Bi nepBOHa^ajiBHHfl nepioA'B aiH 
ciori npoHcxojiHXH BOBce ho eh j(tScTBBTejiLHEixi HaMtpeHien 
o($paBOBaT& ciOBa ji^ noHiiriB omeus i jian»t; no cyn^e- 
CTBy xtja, o6i aioxi na nepBHxi nopaxi h ho noiHmjiiixB* 
Ma H !»— -nepBHO SBysH i CBasHHO ciorH, KOTopue cjiHinaTCB 
on petSoHBa; hxi npHHHiianTB sa otfoana^eHie omm eau Mamepu^ 
on BsopoHBDTCii BciftACTBio nocTOiiHaro ynoTpetfxoHUi h Easo- 
mn% nepexoABT^ wb ii3hsi shboS, saKi caiocTOBTexBHSui cjio- 
Ba, otfodnequBiuiii cedt npaBo sa npo<iBoe cyn^ecTBOBanie. Oxors 
ma n pa^ uh Bootfo^e Bct Tft, Boropae cxozohh hs'l ry^Huxi, 
ynoTpe^xxDTCii pe($eiiBOx^ h tofaBi kofab exy xoveisx ion exh 
UBTBy a noToxy bo xHorHxi Esiisaxi rxaroxa tbemb e numb 
oeBOBHBanTCfl aa Kopflxx'L, cocTOfln^axi esi ry^HHX'B corjacEEix'B, 
cpaa. Hanp. xaxalcs. mdkan (teri), mtnum (dhtb); caflcsp. 
pd (ehtb), EHAyCT. ptndf rpevecB* v/viw (obD), xbt. bibo (m 
^a ba- ^pa-pa- , ecxE otaIxeti osoBqaflie nepsaro xEqaaro 
licTOExeflix ), veincB. papati (ftcn)i bumbati (betb; yaoTpetf- 
XEDTCX Bi A^TCBOxi Bzm/b)\ noxbCK. |iapa($y laxopyc. nana 
(xxl((!B, Bi A^TCB. B8. ), BHrxiBcK. H roxxBHACB. pap ( BBBia ) fl np« 
g 6. Ha BTopoE^b nxBEt ctoxn rt npocTHO cxorx, BOTopHO 
cxarauTCii esi rjiacuoS ( otosHOBesHO a) ci flpoABiecTByDBiEE'B 

(HXH CXtAyDD^EXl) 3y6HUM'6 BByBOXl (t^C% COOTBtTCTByDn^HE'b 

exy BByqflHxi d, pasBflBBiBKCx no3ze OTSByisaro t). Sytfaue 



A 



8 SByBonoAPisiHix. § 7. 

BCjAfjb 8a rjtfniniH npeAeTaBUDTi cauie npocwe sBysB; rytf- 
Hse Bce-se CTapme n% (secMa ecTecTBOHHOy TaKi-BaR'L svti- 
HH6 npoHSHOCflTCfl ys6 noHOBiKi) flSHsa,. HpEAaBJiHBaeHaro ki 
BopxHexy pjixy sytfoBi, ci'&xoBaTejiBHo, nocpeACTBon oTnpaBie- 
Hiji, otfyciiOBMBaeKaro pasBHiiex's h eosHaTejBHHH'b ynoTpetfie- 
Hiei'B jifijTk opraHOBi, soTopHe f^na npoBBHomeHifl ry6HHX% 3By- 
ROBi ooBepmeHHO tfesnojiesHH h HSJinDHH ). Gjofe ta-^ da^ (at-y 
ad") npexcTaBJUiDTi yze noaroMy BoxnjieBCH BTopocToneHHse, He 
nepBnHHO (ci towe spinifl nepBOHaqajBHEm sBysoB'B). 

§ 7. Ha Bonpoc:B — Basoe noHflrie odoBHaqajiocB paHBme: no- 
nim omm^ hje Mamepu^ — eejiBBa a&tb noJiosETejiBHaro oTBi- 
Ta; BtAB CiorB ma (am) ho bo Bcto*B flSHBan, rj^i BCTptvaeT- 
M Bi ynoMAHyTOH'B SHaqeaiE, BBpazaeTi Mamh^ a He p'bAHo — 
H amem; paBHOHipHO, e ci ApyroB CTOpoHBi pa (ba) oBHaqaet'B 
H6 TOJBBO ome^^J ho bo MHorHii H3SBaxi» e Momt; Bce^TasE 
Bi BEA^ Toro , ^To ma b^ (SojiBDiEHCTBft GtsyqaeB'B Bapasaei'b 
namb (ocotfoHHO ecjiE hpehetb bo BHEHauie ESEtHOHHaB hsb ma 
CJEOFB na)^ E ^TO petfeHOKi vh nepBOH'B Bospacrb (SojiBme see- 
ro HysAaeTefl wh noHon^E laTopE, npoAnojioseHie o nepBOHCiB^ 
CJiora ma nepoA'B pa (ba) oKasHBaoTCH . ((oji'be b'&pohtheix'B. 

npEMibpEI H» ABEIBOBly TA^ BOpOHB ma (BI HpOCTOHl EJIfl 
VI yABOOHHOH'B BEAt, EJIE B'B C06AflHeHifl Vb OiJpaSOBaieJIBHHHH 

cioraxE) BHpasaen noHHiie namh: ma (bi HajiaMcBOH'B, eb* 

AyCTaHCHOn H BeATCBOEl ESSKaXl, B'B HSUaaXl a^pEBaHCBEX*B 

cecyro h ceqyana); ^^ma ( B'B EHAycTaneBOM'B \ roTTeHTOTCBox'B, 
oepyaHCBOxi^ pyHyHcaoH'B* e wh z^wsA Bonro); bi E3HBt aeh- 
Ba md SHawTB moh uamt^ mor meon Mamt^ a mdn eio Mamt ^; 
me (B'B aaaHCBOHi e ciaieBon usEiBax^); mi (bi ESEiBt ($ap- ^ 



> /. Taylor, Diction. Hind 649. 

^ C R. Markliom, Gontrib... Grammar of Quichua, 138, 908. 

3 Th. Tfu Blazewicz, Gramm. d. reman. Spr. 205; «opiia 6e«» qjiesa ecTb u&nh, 

* MiUerrutwer, Dinka-Spr. Brixen, 1866, 24. 



SByKonoAPiKAOii. § 7* 9 

lueKoii)'; meme (bi urast Ban); memme (bi BopascKOHi), 
mimU {wb BOTflKesoHi); momH (vb jHTOBCsoH'b'); mu (kh- 
laBcB.); muime ( HpjiaHACK. ) ; mai (iHAycT.; ci yieHBmHTejib- 
natb OBOHqanieMi ka: maika wb ceptfesoH'b e pyvyHCBOMi ash- 
sarb: Majna); maja ( 6pa3EjiBCK. ) i ^^v^ (6peT0HCB. nepKfli^B.): 
mai ( nopTyrajiBes. ; a osHaqaeT'b co^oTaHie rjiacHoS cb cjiiAJD- 
jBjLWb HOCOBSH'B bbjbox'b); mato ( (^eHFajLCB. ) ; moth ( Ap.-^ojr.); 
jiaiiift (pfccB.); mofX^a (qemcs. h dojibck.; A;a — qacTHi^a yueHB- 
BUTeJiBHaE ei SHa^eHiex'B jacsaTejiBHHxx ; spoH^ Toro bii qem- 
esoii naast ynoTpetfjiiieTCfl e spocToe mdti^ cp. eojbce. mac, 
mactefia;^; mt. mater; mdtar (cancBp. e AP--6aBTp.; eeohe- 
TdJiBSQE'B vh caHCBpSTt EB.Tfl6TCE $opEa mAtd ^ B^ Ap.-6aiCT. 
ES. mdta); rpe^ecs. /uifr^^; mo^Aer (aerJiiBcK.); mu^^ar ( Bin.); 
matr (apEEHCE.); mdr (Byp^cB.); miir (a^raHCB,)* €*& cepe- 

CTaHOBBOB Bl BOpeHHOE'L eJOF'by BXi^CTO ma — a*n (ciESXtHEI)- 

QeDCE Bep'bAKO rjiacsoB): am (octebck.); ama (EaiaBcs. e 
tfacBCB.); amme (xaJia^apeB.); ^^ (espeBcB.); umm (apa($CB.); 
amma (cRErai,, Eajia($apcB,, Tejyry^ TasiEJLCB.); ema (cyoEH); 
emma (bctohcb.)* 

Gion na ( n poEcmoAmiB bbi ma ejie cpoabhB cb HEE^): 
nana (jianoflCB.); nan (EeBCBBancB.; ci ospeA'bJieHHnE'b qje- 
boe'b: natUli); ndna (qe^eECK.); ninu (jibbcb.); nine (ry- 
pei^B.); ueuAj Heutna (EajK)pyc.); naing (epabeacb.); ninge 
(maBaECB*); nini (EaAOBaecB.; Bpovi H9,mfi ynorpe6jiE6Baro rem). 

IlepeBepHyToe BopeHSoena=an: an^ a-an (a($xa8CB.); anna 
(^leiaBapcB.); anif oni^ onny (TyaryacB.); enie ( EaHAsypcB. ); 
ina ( (yrEei, EafiBype ) ; any a ( BearepcB. ; npoBsaocETeE bo^th BaB'B 



^ Tose ornti, cp. Schleiermacher, Grammaire Barmane, 157, oKetmuHd Haati- 
Baercfl meiU'ma iub meini'ma. 

^ motif po^ mot^s soavfn ytceHmuNa; vb ajSancK. MtHKh fioTpa 3Ba<iBTi> 
cecntpOf 



10 SBySODOAPiXiHIS. § 7« 

dmo); anan ( rypoHCK. ); amtnak ( rpoHiaHACC ) , indana ( ((jrecx ) 
H np.\ 

npijitpHf rjift, Ha*otfopon, KopeBioK eiorb ma— am (uh 
na— on^ BHpasaen ooHiiTie oineuv, a bo jMam&; mt^^omeu^ 
(rpysHHCK., CBaHeTcs.)! mama (rpysHHcs.; Tose muma); 
mammun^ mammer^ mam (^opiiH ii3Hi&0B% HOBO-rouaBACSflxi); 
^nangge (vaKaccapcs.); ama (tfjrBCi, Tara^ibcs.)! ^^mifiu, am* 
men^ amin (h% TyHryacKHii Bapt^iaxi); nan (Jiymts* h ax* 
tfaHCB.; Bi noutufim BCTpftqaeTCi Toxe ij^opia mwct); nana 
( TapaxyiiapcB. ) ; emen (aBapcE.; CTom BHtcTO ^emem^ nb 
XOBasHBaen $opxa MBOisecTBeHHaro nmMumUmtd); ne<a(a($H- 
noacs.), ina (ryapaao); anneh (c6hob.)^ ' np* 

npHxftpu cxoBi, Bib BOTopHxi pa-^ ba- (ei nepeciaHOBKoB 
ap'j ab') cxyzan ocBOBaHieM noHJuifl omem: pa ( bobo - se- 
jsauACS., naxaBcK.); pha (THtfercs.); papa (^paaiiyscs.; pyccs. 
nanoMa); papa (Kapa8()Cic«, TavajascB.); hapa bib &dpa(n« 
xaBcB., aBBBCB., MapaTGB.); haha (xypeitB. cp. hdbd^ Ceuvuhcti., 
KapaStfcK., BHAycT.; Typeiis. hdbd apoEBuo hi eep($cBiB b ax- 
tfaacEiB bshsb: fia^fo, Catkijfco^ 7i^o^o^==^habh); habai (K,MihLrsciL.); 

babbo (BTaxBJiBCB.)i po (ciancs*); ppu (xbkck.; nBoBaHfl eo- 
rxacflufl Bi flaqaxt cxobi^ Bso^HxyorB bi otohx xsHKt, cp. 
kkui^u sepno^ Mahkan—yeudnMhy kktdlugh ^CAyoicGaf kkur- 
kka-^mynou^ ppaL — komowhh b sp.)*; BEiaBcE. fu bsi ^phu- 
*pu; phu (auaucEO; fid (occctebce.); paja {6pmui,c&.)i pija 
(iieBjoucE.); bava ( naxaCiapcB., EopaKCE.); |hM ( caBCEp.; Bie- 
HBTexBHHB oTi lexii pUar^ otfpasoBaBmeflcXy BcxiACTfiie ocja((- 
leaU EopeufloB rxacBoB, un ^patar); federe* (ApeBiie*(iaETp. 

Cp. BBBBTeJBBHB HHOSeCTB. ftdhfd; BlieaHT. eABHCTB. jpitoy BO 

^ OTBocHAejbao vwrb b Apynu'b npairBpoBrb cp. Buschmann, Ueber deiiNa- 
turlaut, Kb Phil. Si hbu Abhiuidluugen cL kdnigl. Acad. d. Wissensch. Ber- 
lin. 18£i3, cTp. 301-4S3 

3 to TamuubCfGOiA aabiwh maman soatuirB mecmb. 

3 ycjap9,JisiiiGia& aauia^ 431-4^, 4iS-449» 483. 



8BJSOnOAPlSAHIS. § 7. 11 

I patd EXE ptd^ 3a BHnycKon KopeHHoB rjiacHol); peder ( nop- 
tEffiJL;hair' apiHHCiu); pater (jiaTHHCK.); Tfoenf^ (rpe^eCK.); 
fadar (totck.; En ""pha-tar); father (aHrjriBcK.); voder (roji- 
jniHics.); 6ojr. EauiTii h np. 

ap-ab A^E BBpasenifl noHniir ameuz: ab (db) apa((cB:., 6b- 
pelcs.; o&y aab (atfxascR.); apa (BeHrepcK«i E^ouiatya); ap- 
pa (qyKOTCK.); apha (tfapiaHCs.); a&o&(roTTeHTOTCK., bi Bapt- 
^H KopaHa; $opMa, o^obhaho, yABoesa, mh yze lORassBaerca 
epaBBenieii xpyrnxi npflflax.i6xaii(HX'& cD^a uobi); fpip(Kai- 
WTca.); ubdha (ayjiy); apj^n (hu ai^n-— TaxMBCs.). 

npHitpH, r^l RopeHBoe pa-^ la- (ap- ab*) Bspaxaenno- 
Harie Mom^: papal (apayiutHCS.; ashbi dshoI AaepHSH); ba- 
mo (nHAiHro); fafnj fava^ {eeoece.; BopeHi, yxBoeHiiHB, npo- 
HemeAmiB m *bha-hha); be (oTOHHiifc.); &i&P ( KapaB($cs. ); ^t;a 
(caio-iAcs*); ava (iDpsyuHCK.; oaho H3% saptqiB saBRascKHxi 
vb BaropHon JIjarecTaflik ^ \bu (najiaflcR., aBBBCK. ); abai (qe- 
peiHBieR.); ebH (aBapcR.; bo mhos. ^Mifk tdbiU). 

npinitpiiy rjii Ba RopeiBon to (da) ocBOBHBaeTcir noeaTie 
eme^^: ta (MeiiCHRaHCR.; ci ueHom to-tf i^; jo^ai ( lopxBHHCR. ); 
Mi (BoBFo; Bi A^pHRi); tata (boji&cr.; yieEBniHTOJiiflua (J^op^H : 
taXka^tatus; cp. pyccR. m^imii, ni/mitf m«a^; mamo (aaaopyc); ^^» 
tata (qemcR.; cp. caHCRp. toto comers, vejomin CMmod, hoy- 
mefiHtitf »; M<a^aiiaJi^ry(li«=omeu9if jMamt/npeAiaraeioe BeH(|>eB- 
en^Glossar- 132 — dpohsboactbo axoro cjioaa oti rJiarojLHaro 
xopEa tan^^mHHymb exaa-jiH ocBOBaTOJiiHo; TaarcR. tdta nejuh 
enm CDAa bo boaxoxhti, TaRi^Raai obo npoHsonuo BCJiixcTBia 
coapanieBia tfojfte cjiozsaro cjoaa, Baai beaho HanpHiipi En 
fOHTCK. tangata neMemeh^ MyoKHuua i cooTBiTCTByviiiaro exy 



1 3uaqim Toxe 6a6iui podncm, cmapyxa; rbtuxeem^, PyccRo-flnoBCc cjob. 95, b. 
^ bibi ma m^re, mon atn^, mon atnde; H. Breton, IHctionnaire Caraibe-Fran- 
^ds. Auxerre. 1666^ 789 b. 



12 BByROnOXPiSAHIS. § 7. 

ceHjiBHqcK. kanaka^); titi (flaoHcs.; npossHocHTCfl mw^ TaKi- 
sasfb nepoA'B t b^ AnoHcsoHi slzuyA TBopAoe t CToaib hih npo- 
HBHOCHTLCfl H6 lOsoTx'); dodi (i(HraHCK., sejiBTCfi.; Bi i^araH- 
CKOH'b jisHK'b BCTpftqaoTCfl 61116 $opxa (fod!*); tn-e^/d ( ocarcK., 
flSHsi Bi ctB6pHoB AH6pHsft); iod^a (OMarya, MaHAapa); da- 
dM (BOTflscK.); dede (jtases.); dideh (Pynro bi A^pHS'i); 
tond^ri (T6J[yry); f^t;aa (mtobcs.; $opMa HHOS6CTB6HHaro wcia 
tee;ai HK'b6rb 8Haq6iie a^podumcAUTo) h np. 

SopeHH06 at (-ad) A^a otfo3HaH6Hifl cjOBa ofnei^z: at (k6J[btcr.); 
a^a (roTCB., rp6«i6CB.y qyaoTCS.^ aUa (($acfiCB.); otoA ( naAO- 
Beces.); a^j^a (B6Hr6pcB.); ototoA; (rp6HjiaHACB.; cp. ananak — 
Momt); eten (aBapcs.)! athair ( HpjiaHACS. )• ToT'b-s6 caMHB 

SOpOHB BCTp%^a6TC£ BO BCiX!B BOHTH CiaBAHCKHX^B Bap^qim: 

ApeBB6-6oj[r. OTbi|b (HOBtlinnxH ^opxaxa osasBBaDTCii — 0T6i|ky 
OTLq'L), qemcB. otec (bi AP0BH6-^6mcK0ii'B azuiA ynoTp66ifl- 
locB 61116 npocT06 ot^^ TaK'B-saB'b -hi|hy -ec npeACTaBJianT'B OBOH- 
^aaie yMdHBinHT6JiBHoe); bojilcb. qjciec (BCJi'bACTBi6 BCTdBBH He- 
BopeHHoS corjiacHoH j hsi^ aP6bh6B j^opaiii ocieCf BOTopaa cto- 
ETb BxtcTO ^ot'iec^); ceptfcB. anum (6a6o Typ6iiBaro npoHC- 



1 Buschmann, Aper^u de la langue des lies Marquises, 158, 4!2j 117; nap- 
Kea. kanata, 70, Muriner, Account Tonga - Islands II; Append. London, 1818. 

^ cici saaqiiTb xpoirfi Toro en^e ^pjrdt^ ^X^^h ^V- PyccK. mumbxa, ntaL zitze; 
cidzi vBSmnThdrbd^, a cicifafa^^omet^9 u Manur^fbuuceeuHv, JIdobcb. cjiob. 73, a. 

3 yMeBbmiiTeJibiioe dddoro (Puchmajrer, Roman i Gib, 38); ddd wsnvrb dibdh; 
vaxb TsuA^o paaiHiiie bi* oopiiaj&HOM'b oaHaqeaiH noHfltifi ome^•b b dndr^ Be6oLib- 
uioe; cpasB. b mdmi 6a6yuiKCi b mami Mamti AO^iroTa KopesHofi r jacnofi coAep- 
XBTb Kb ce6s ytcaaaaie icarb aa D03pacrb, rasi* u sa cji'Myiomee eiiy jsaxeBie; 
vb jisbirB Xbbab: tdt(V=omei^9, dddd — d/tde; Pott, Zigeuner. II. 308^-309. 

^ TaiTb Hanp.'irb Libusiu soud, cTp. 1: usac ot suei cdedi uoieuodi:=ivsiak 
ot svej celiedi vojevodi, quivis pater suae familiae imperat; am o&hucmema cj. 
ot cp. Safarik & Pdacky;, Die Sltestea Denkmaler d. bChmischen SpracLe. Prag. 

1840, 51 
& fi% juiTHHCK. AORyMeBvax'b XIII CT04. DCTpB^iaiOTCJi aanp.: Oceslao, OcezJao 

B Oiheslao=^eslav, cp. EodyaH^^e'Kypmefia, ApeuHC-nojfcCKOirb aaavb ao 

XIV CTOi. Ae&aufoiH 1870, &1011. 69^ b. 



SBtKonoxPixiHii. §§ 7 — 8. IS 

xozAeHui); cJOBHHes. oca (ivh *ot'ja; jbeshkh H060-($oirapcisiB 

H JIJSHIlKil JUOHilDTCX OTb 8T0r0 BOpHfl OCOtfoHHHMl ^OpMau: 

Knnra h nan). 

Jljpjrie npHi'bpH: jada ( qepKOCCS.); attje ( JianoHCS.; at^am^ = 
MoU ameu^f bohf. atydm^ TypeiiB. Idbdm); ata (bx Taiapcs. 
Bapttijm); dd (^eqeucs.*); ada (xDpsy jehcb. ' )• 

EopeHHoe to«, da {at-^ ad) bi SHaqemE Mamt: tutla (soJomcB.; 
vb AHepHS'6); tUa (naHa); tite (Kopa); taika (aSMapa); tai 
(66HraJBCB. H HOBoseJiaHACK. ); daij daj (itHraHCs/; bi xacsa- 
TOiBHOM'b eiHCi[t: dagori); deda^ dida (rpysHHCS.; ep. h pieHB- 
nmrejiBflHii cjiOBa: &ta, hUia=dAdmuKa^ ham%a'==^6paimeui^^ &a- 
lua—dndyuiKa — VySunoeZj rpysHHCRas rpaM»aT. 69); dtidu 
(TeneryaHa); diU (^hhcb.; dUinen—MamyniKa); edne (n- 
noHCK.); ja-ate (a^HaoHeB.) h np. 

§ 8. IIpHB6AeHHHe SAtcB npnaiipH QpexcxaBJiflDTB jbiiib ne- 
SHa^TeiBHyiD AOJrB Bcin npBHaAJiexantHX'B bi ynoHneyrsK'B Bop- 

B2BI CXOBl, HO Ha BXIb OCHOBaHlH MOZHO Ce&k COCTaBHTB HCHOO 

nooHTie o rjiytfoBOHi SHaqeniH BopeHHQXi cxoroB'B pa^ ma (a 
paBHO H ta) AJH BHpaxeHifl .cjob'b amem h Mamh. dnwb Ofr 
saBO BOBce ne orpaHH^SBaeTCA npniibHOBie BxeueHTOB'B ma, pa 
Kh osHa^eHiK) CTenoHeS poACTBa: ynoHflnyTue BopeHHHe HOHHJieBca 
jQiAjOi OBXBA'bTB Becbva SHa^BTejiBHOK) qacTBH) xeBCHKajBHaro 
laiepiajia bii pasHHXi orpacxaxx h locTHrJin, nocpeACTBOH'B 8to- 
ro, otfrnflpHiBoiaro pacnpocTpaneHiH. TaBHHi odpasoH'B BHpa- 
xeaiH J^J^SL AaxBHiBmnxi CToneHeS poACTBa, BaBi-TO dtbd%^ 6a^ 
6ymKa, dndu^ memna h np., bo iiHorHxi HSHBaxi Bi ^opiaxB* 



1 Possart, Lappl. Gramm. 9. 

* 3Ba<ieBiB xoajtum h cmaputuHa, KOTopuji Toxe CBoficTBeBHU ciobj dd, npo* 
ncreuH, no-sB/muowj, narb Kopeiraaro DOBaTui omet^K; YcAap^f ^eneHCK. 03.902. 

3 Maox. qflc. adni; dnd^ HasunaercH adaldda. YcJiap^y XiopKyji. bs. 39^ 

^ IIomm9, Zigeuner* 11. 309, h—npaaoAvrh ajul cjaqeaui nepcn^CK. ddjeh b 
diidA KopMUA u tja h rpe«f. d'e/x (memKa); cnsah uemAJ noHaTiaim KopMUJUi^n 
Momb oOhBCBBtTb dTj ^opiiajniiyK) aaajonio. 



14 BBysonoAPAZAHii. § 8. 

BOM OTHomoHiH BosBOAATca HE Tt-so caiuo KopoHHBe cjiofh; 
Bon BtcsojifcKO npHMipoBi HE-BUAepsBy: xpeBH6-((ojir. pitf^L 

(avU8—C% KOTOpUMl Bl CBflSH f;^HM^HaCMhdcmeOi AI^HUITL— 

HOCAtbdHUKhf <]emcE. dedic) ocflOBBBaeicJi Ha Koput da (dd)^ 
npeACTaBJLEE yABoeaie npocraro ciora (^(2a*c{a; tb cooiBiTCTBy'- 
eTi n^pBOfla^a.iBHOMy AOJiroMy d^ paBHo BaKi vb ciobA a^t^i 
Kop. A^**<^BCKp. dkd' nocmaeumh^ noMoicumh' rpeq. Bn- bi 
ri'Bfh^ti). TaKi-KAKi {{a npeACiaBJiiieTii oahb'b bsi rhxiEop- 
uely KOTopHe cjiysaii otfoBBaqeuiOMi uouflm omeuZf to da-da 
(dd'da) ZBSknjio 6a co((ctb6huo omeuz omem (lo octb omet^^ 
of»ua; Bflorie ebeikh BupasaDn xasHX'B otfpasoMi nouaiie (^f^^, 
dfbdytuKa, ocot^eHHO laBie, EOTopuo tfiAHu no choetfy paaBETio; 
cpaBB. Haap. nai BaBBaacB. aaHBOB:^ JiaBeB. buttd-ppu dndz^ 
(iyBBaaBBo omtta amewj TaEVBaBi hUtal poAHie^BauS ox% 

ppu; iDpEyjiBflCB. adaJMa dndz- ada=afneij(,hf adalaUi=om'^ 

» 

UoecKoe nacMtdcmeo; flaopOTHB'B aaapcii. khudijau enUn dtbd^ 
suaqHrb codCTBOiiuo 6oA!im(m omeu« -^ ^^pam^. grcmdrphre^ ^lVlvjl. 
grand^father); pyccB. dtbdz^ dfbdywHa^ qemcB, ded^ dedecek 
(CDA& npHHaAiesETi a dedie^ dedictvi ^ n^LU^fflUKi^ aacJitA- 
CTBo), nojiBCB. dziad (aaa'iHT'b rose cmapumf n\k% 0€0(SeHBO 
yM6HBmHTejiBHoe h coopaxeaHoe c:b Bupazeuieii ulBOToparo npe- 
Bptflia: dziaducha bm daiadzisko — cmapunamKaj oeo(teBH) ot* 
HocHTOJiBBO UBQiHxi; nouETia dfbdz E cmapufChj aaa^b beaho, 
cEtmEBax)iCE| paBflo bebi 6a6a n6pB0Ea«uji»H0 BiipasaEo toib- 
Bo noHETie SaCyuma^ a bi nosABbVuiiE Bpeaeaa npaaaio 6qjA^ 
cdmupfloe SBaqeflie cmapaa oiceHnuHa; bi» pyccaoai upocTopt- 
qiE 6a6a 03ua<ia6n Aaxe sefliUHEy boo6u(6, e EOJiOAyDi cp. (fa- 
eemaf 6a6be ) daiedzic (EaciftAHHBi ; dziedzina = EacEtACTBea- 
uoe EEtfliOi OTOiecTBo: to, ^to noEyvaeTCE h% aacAiACTBOi 

nOTOE'B Bl ((OEfte OtffllEpaOE'b CEIiCEt: iftCTO, TAft UaXOAETCE BE- 

lue flacjiACTBO^poAEHai OTeveexBo); xopB. ded (cep^CB. dtbd); 
$opEa iflosecTB. wceb dedi (aia dedovi) EEftei^B aflaveaio 



SByBoaoAPiSAHis. §8. . IS 

npedwu (dedak^ yMeHLmHTeiBnaa $opHa cjteBa eZe^, SHawn yxe 
deamMKoeuii HCAoenm^ dypam^ ho no SHa^ieHin coctchti o^eraAHO 
n cBflSH ex ileel : a^A'^i crapRicB, vejOBtei ci CJiatf mi pa8yioi'& 
I np.); dedinstvo >« HaejiixCTBO — nojiy^eHHoe on lifft^'h hh%- 
lie. SaHt^aTeJiBHO cjiobo, ynoTpetfjiaeiioe vh Ay<(poBHm. Kpan 
dundo~6pafM onmaf ocfiOBBBaDiaeeca bi so put na tom-so 
caioii ejiort da-, cp. h vi pjccs. asiiict ^opnajBHoe cxoactbo 
cjLovh dndz h d^^; ciobrhcs. ded^ dMej^ dideh; dedic — 
eacxKAHHsi. Hsi Toro-xe ocHOBaHiff, sasx dn^9, npoHSonuo i 
ciofio dsdji. Bb cjiOBt 6a6yuLKa (yieBbmHTejiBHoll $opit npo- 
CTaro 6a6a) yciarpHBaeTca sopoHB ha; ynoTpefijifloxoe bb ipeBEO- 
iojLV. flSHKl EAca flMteTB SHaqeflio (Ta^Tj^wKa h cmapyxa; o(^a 
qoiutU SA^kcB cJiHBaDTca TaKHMB-se caxsxB oSpason, saKB vh 
eJOBaxB dfbdz h dndytuna (ocotfeRBO bb sanuHO - eJiaBRHCBon 
OTAtJrt: vemcB. did^ dedek; nocjftAHee cjiohoxb soaqHTB emapum 
Bood^e H ynoTpetfjaoTCfl bb ciiiiej'b (>ojte uh leate npeapH-^ 
TeiBHOXB; jiyxHi^B. dSed^ dzedkf dSeditsk h np.)« Bb corjaeiH 
CB ApoBi e-($ojirapcKHXB bo BctsB novTH cjiaBaHcaaxB nsmsaxB 
CJOBO 6a6a aeTpiqaerca bb AByxB sna^eiiiazB (ho npBHHHaa bo 
BBnaHie TpoTBaro sua^eHia , noeueaAbuas SaOna , npoHcmeAniaro 
BenocpeACTBeHHO ibb oepaaro): a) 6a6ymKa^h) cmapyxa; cp. 
^effl6K« hdba^ baba, habicka^ habka (haha nmfi Bcero ynoTpetf- 
ueTca BB npespHTOJiBQOiiB cxacji'&; cb osoLWuieiB -ec: hahee 
OHO paBHOCfliBflo pyccK. cmapaa endiMa); nojbcs. loiba (cia- 
pyza, ($a($ymBa), babuniay Idhusienka^ laihus^ hahako (socaiA* 
uia ABa cJiOBa~ BBpazenia npeapnTeJBHHa am crapyxH); jysHi^B. 
hdba (cmapyxa; o($asHOBeHHO npHCTaBjmeTea eqe cjiobo star a); 
BB HHzae-jysHii, Haptqia haba SHavHrB 6a6ymna^ bb aepxHe- 
jyx. vovka ( o^eaHAHO h3b %b'ka^ bob ) , vovcicka (baljec^ 
CTaHOBHTBCH cTapyxoM); ceptfcs. 0a(fa (cTapyxa h tfadymBa); (Ta- 
Cima ( CTapynnca h noBHBajiBHaa ($a(SKa ) ; cjobhhce. bdba RHten 
TO-xe caioe ana^enie; bb do^irapcs. asiiBt Eosa sHaqan 6a6ywk* 



16 3ByROnOXPAXiHlB. § 8« 

m, cmapyxa^ ho spoHt Toro h meutaj ceeKpoet, (cp* maman^ 
osHE^aiDiiiaro b'e TaiivjBCB. flsosi c^eKo^). 

Jljpyrie npHMftpa: rpeqecB. itdTtifos (A^jti — BenrepcK. opds^ 
H /jLoiix/xfj (($a($yinKa; ocHOBa sthxi cjob'b coBnaxaeT'B cb Bmne- 
ynoMfluy THHH ) ; mt. at;w5 (^fb^^) npoHsomjio hsi *a&-«w, Kop. 
a& (cp. apa({cB. d5^; pyccs. memna HHterb BopHeMi <6- (((jato 
*<6fe-*a), cp. ApeBHe - 6ojir. Tew, wobhhcb. teta, ^eniCB. teta^ 
teticka^ no.iBCB. ciotka (hsi ^^o-^ cio^e^^J^na; BepxHe-JiysEiiB, 
ceta, ceacka (hs^b ""^Je-^, cep6cB. memaj memKa^ memum; 
flcnancE. h nopiyr. tio (dHdn)y tia (Teisa); hAh. mume (tot- 
Ea; cjLow tante — hsi ^panii. tante^ ne othochtch CDAa^TaBiB* 
EBBi Bci^ACTBie HpiTCTaBJieHHoB cHaqaja corjiacHoB t oho npo- 
BdomjLO m% antCf mt. amiia cp, aHri. aunt; Biez^ Granmu d. 
Roman. Spr. I. 264); MajiaScB. mdma (d^ds), mamMa ejh 
nuU^h (TOTBa) SHTaBcK. pe-mu (TOTsa; pe'Ju=iEj[,a); apatfcc. 
^am (a«A«), ^ammat (leiEa); lypeijE. ^amuga (ajtjit,— 
Opaii OTija), ddjt (AHAa— dparanaTepH), tejze (leTEa— cecTpa 
MaTepe); HHAycT. mdm^i (a^aa; Apyroe OTHOCA^eecfl CK)Aa bh- 
pasenie : cacd, no Bceny b^^pohtIk), npoHaomjio hsi KopenHaro ta-^ 
wb noJB3y ^ero roBop^Ti cjeqenie cb cancsp. tdta, ROTopoe cjiy- 
sHTTi He TOJiBBo o({o3Haq6Hi6iii omtfa, ho Bootf^e BEipaseHieKB, 
yooTpetfjiiieHHiii CTaprnHHi vh o^pau^eniH bi HJiaAmeHy, hjih Ha- 
otSopoTi, yqETejieHii o($pan^aH)i^H]icfl«»Ei yqeHHsy, h Ha-o($opon, 
H op.); KHOHCB. O'dzi (a^ae— cp. H lypeiiB. dddd — ryBepnepi); 
BenrepcB. ddd4 (cxapHB'B — HpoHHqecsH), dedSs (npa^'bA^); 
nepyaecE. macu (a'Aa), paja (da($ymEa); bi MeECBEaHCBOii'B 
sawA mdch'Ui BHaqiT'B nMeMHWHUKh h nAeMjmnuua (HaTB= 
nan-Ui); eBpoBcs. d6d (a^A^ — ({paT'B OTi^a), ddddh (TexBa, 
cecTpa oTita); HHAycT. ndnd (a^^a'b— OTeiii EaiepH); nepcHACB. 
mdmd (HaTB — laai HasHBanicfl o($HBHOBeHHO ciapyxH); laiaBcB. 
ninek (a^A'b); h8% caHCBpsTa EpoHt ynoiEHyTEixi Binne npn- 
M'bpoBi HOSHO npHBOCTH eiofi cjitAyDHiie: attd (HaTB, cxapmaA 



dByKonoxPASiEii. § 8« 17 

ceeT]^— B% xpaun); atU (crftpnuui oecTpa); ambi (sesa, mstBi 
BopmuHiia; UK'b bhxho, aei Tpi nouTifl aooToim lezxy oo- 
tfoD B% rtcHoI CBfl38); dt;fiJb» (oTeiii — bi xp^^^'b £<JM. & 
Batkt Sanskr. Wtb. I. 712); tola (oi^n^), tatdmaha (A^%)f 
iiafi4 (naTb) tdti (chhi); hhajct, &^ii (cecTpa, Ji¥i6Ei&E^ na- 
josHiita), W&t (soHqHHa, seHa)BsnepGHACS. UU (seenuiBai 
xaia, HBTpoHa: btbt Merjem'^^eBsmi Mapui; btbt HHften Teve 
BHaveflie doffpbiU^ xopomUf CHocnumuU); lysHiiR. iianA; (ot* 
«»); BeBT^pca. nine (cTapmaa eecipa), bdtya (exapniii ({pani 
((pan Bootfme; cooTBtTCTByerb no ^opxi pyccaoMy «(ramfotaM»; 
hdia tfuo bi yQOTpetfjieHui s B'b AP^BHe-^emcBoxi assaft). 

B% 8aKJOT|Bi6 AOisHO eoie saM^THTB, no noepexcTBOH'b co- 
riacBHX'b, npHflaAJiesaBiBxi ai paspaAy ry^AHxi h sy^uHn, bh- 
paxauTca bo iHorHX'b asaaaxi noHBTia KopMiMuuay HHUbxa^ 
Mencma tpydh^ peCenom b np. Hanpaiip'B: pycca. jMMKa 

(fMHHf HMHtMa); nepCHACK. ddidiBSLHhVAy BOpHBJIBUa), OByelcE* 

dad (xoHcaaa rpyAb); xypeiiB. (24/4 (uHUhKa — nepc. ddjagt)^ 
Benr. doQha^ cioaai^K. dojha (oojibck. nianka)^ b^h. amme^ 
maoACK. amna (rojiiaHACB. min); roTCB« dadc^an (sopuHTB 
rpyABi>) , iai[a8cK. ddda (rpyAB), (^s^d — hojoko — cp. pyccs. 
cocamt); pycca. mumbm (six. 0U0e)=itfV^^'i* UUm^ titine^ 
mameUe; rpeqeca. r/rdif, rt^w (cocoai; uopxnjiHiia, HaHa), 
HOBorpev. BciyM; a;i6anes. /Aevrecfecc ( aopaaiHivi ); iktobce. jpef- 
pas (seacaaa rpyA]>i TBTaaa); xaAea. nunu^ nono (TBiiiBa; cancsp. 
cucuka); nepyauca. mm (rpyAB), numni (kophbtb rpyABD; 
nana — cecTpa); aarjiiBcB. baby (rpyABoB pedeaoai), B'bK. bubc' 
(cpoAHO-B. Bta. buobe aajib^Hax), jibt. pApus (xajL^HSi, pe- 
tfeeoai), TOflrca. bibigi (pe^eaoai AByxi bjb Tpen lin) b np. 
Hsi npaaeAeflBUXi AO*cax:b * nopii npaalpoB'B BBCTByei^ neo- 
cnopnHB ^an, ^to a^i^ otfoaaaqeEia cTeneaeK poACTBa, oco- 
(SoBBO ze noBBiiB omem a MOinh^ nepaoBaqaii&Bo ynoTpetfjaiacB 
came npocTHO sayaoBHe aoaueacH (pa-ma-tajy eotopho, b'b 

2 



18 8B7iCOnOXPASiHIl« § 9. 

H^KOTopon OTHomeHiE, lOKHo HEBBaTB 8Bysono;tpaxaTejiBiraiv^ 
ocotfeHBO Ha-CEOAKO OHV uj^effinuBfm HepBue bb; kh, npoasHO- 
eiBHe pe($eHSon, am BnpaxeBiii cbohx'b rJiaBHHXi noTpe^eocTeV* 
Ctojil nopasHTejiBHoe cxoactbo BBpaxeril nJiRomtJia h Mamepu 
vb caxHXi paaHoodpaBHiin flSHBan xoctbto^iho oupaBxnsaeT^ 
sasjiMeBie o ecTecTBOHHOxi cnoootfft npoHcxozx^flia axaxi cjioBib, 
BCJi^ACTBie qero bi tfonmiHeTBi cij^aoBi wnw hxi noABepran 
npoHSBOACTBj orb BasHXi-JTHi^o rxaroiBHHX'b BopHoi. n.b cyqe* 

OTBy A'^Jia, H COBOByOflOCTB BCiXB 8THXI CJIOBl B0BC6 fl6 AOCTB- 

TO^Ha AJ< AOBasaTexBCTBa o tfiHsaBmen poACTSft lezAy ota^ib- 
BHiiH BSHBaKHy A^ BOTopafo TpetfyoTcn cJiBqeeie rjiaBHHX'B Ha- 

U^HHX'B B0pHe8| CXOAHfiU 4IBJieHiH B«B ^OHeTH^OCBOJIl OTHOmeElH 

B aaajiom rpaMxaTHiecsaro CTpoB npi TOZAOCTBeBBiiXB bih cxoa** 
BHXi npHHi(Hnaxi. 

2. nPflBIlfln'B 8B7B0n0APASATBJIBHaR Bl OTHOfllBBIff 

B:B 08HAqBHIl) SBBOTBHX'B. 

§ 9. BTopoI paspBA'B ej[OB*B, npoEcmeAOiHX'B esi 8ByBonoApa- 
aaTOJiBBHXi KopneV, OTsoeBTCfl si zhbotbhii. HecoxHlBHO, yze 
Bi caBHfi nepBHB nepioAi CBoero cyqecTBOBaBiB qeioaiKB ayz- 
ABicB vb oBHaqefliH XBornxi ospyzaDflurxi ero h bphhocbb^hx'b 
OHy SBaHHTejiBHyH) nojBsy sbbotheixx; ci ApyroM CTopoBH, ohtt 
Aoisefl'B 6aA% otfpasoBaTB ce6ft BHpazeBia h au rfcxi, boto- 
pHXi ofli CTapajicB H86iraTB no yrposaDn^eS eay on bbxi o- 
nacBOCTB. GbmbB npociol, cboco6i odosBa^CHiB zbbothhxb 6hjii-^ 
otosaoctbjibtb B8AaBaeBH6 EBB 8Byi&H CI BBBBaBieMi Hxi ca- 
xBX!b. Bo BflorBxi BSHsaxi, npeBHya^eeTBeHHo so b% TasBxi, 
KOTopee Be AOCTBru BHaiHTOJiBfloS CTeoeHa 4»opBajiBHaro coaep- 
mescTBa, ae ptABO BCTpi^aoB'B Tasifl BaBBaaiii zbbotbhxi, bo- 

TOpHB COBBBAftDTB 01 BBABBaeiBBH BBH dByBBBB, BOfleqBO C^B TB- 
BOD TOWOCTBD, CI BBBOD TOJBBO ^eJIOB^Bl BOn yCBtTB Bep^BTB 



BiSBAHII XHBOTHHXl. § 9. 19 

SBipntfoe sbjkh m ejiosaxi, ep. eanp. bh ralcfi. miao ^ (Komsa), 
CBHcsp. kdka (BopoHa), ^^cck. KynymKa^ (cooTBiTCTBeHHoe cas- 
csp. CJOBO 6CTb Jc6ka h.ih kdJcUa)^ o'bx. glucke^ gluckhenne 
(HactAsa) — anrJ!. ducking Aeti, pyccs. KAyma^; cancsp. g6 
(itojii, 6un; aro cjiobo bosho euTan npeACTaBfiTe.iexi aecBia 
iiHoroqHCJieuHwl rpynnn BHpaseaiKi otfpasoRaHuuxi Ttui-se hjik 
noAOtfflHxi n}T6M'b: AP«-<$aKTp. gdo^ Bop^cs. M, H4bx. JktfA, maeACB. 
kOf aurji. co«?, AP«*<$ojir. rouAO, Kop. roB=roy=^- cp. pyccE. 
toe-Hd-ufiaf cep6cB. govedo^ toeene) ; AP«*(>oir. euki (sop. hUk 
ep. so\TaTH, . xopB. lukati — peB'bn, mei^btb; cep6eB. 6yKa— 
myiiy 6yKa6a^^^)Iah)^ pyccB. (Tft^i^, cep({cB. (Twic, SaiCy bojibcb. 
H lys. hyk^ lemcB. ^j^A;^; ntx. hr&he (eopoiia), kranich (sy- 
paBjiB)|aflri. crmo^ (Bopona); ^emcB. A;rJbt;ec (aopofli), cjiobhugb. 
krokoTf noncB. kruk (lo-se caioe; cp. mthhcb. crodtare^ ap*- 
601T. k|^uh;iiTh); caacBp. krdstar^ krdkuka (maaajn — on BopsB 
hruf — spu^aTB; eDAft MoaiHO othocth h rpeq. K^otcoSeiXoff — spo- 
KOAHiB fl xfoieorro^^ --poAi HHAiflCBoB rieHH); Mr. grus (sypaBJb), 
corvus (BopoHi), HCoaHCB. graja (Bopoaa, copoBa), 4>pAH^• cor- 
neUle (Bopoaa); ^emcB. cvrcek (cBepqoB^X noJbcB. Swkrca (cp. 



* B» lypeipcBX'b eap^qiflrb BCTp%<iaeTCii C40iio misik; cp. ncpjaacK. misi (Mark- 
ham, Quichua— Gramm. 143), otoichtck. mia, BeHrepcR. macska, MeiccHKaHCK. 
mizton (cp. h miztli Jieejf); Buschmana, Ueber den Naturlaut, Phil. Sl ^ist. 
Abhlg. Acad. Perlm. 1853. 4Sa 

^ ^ro CJOBO BCTp^qaercfl vh TaKom-xe bhas bo BC&rb mxvtm eBppaeflcfcHZ'b 
nuKaxb, cp. jaT. atculus, rpen* u/kjivS (^"^ *kokkuk-s) whu. kukuk, anrx 
cHckoOf nojBCK. kttkawka, kukulka, BeHrepcR. kakuky cjobrsck. kukavica, qeincR. 

kukacka, joitobck. kuk, mseACK. kucku bjh gdk, rojuauMfiiu koekoek ( npoisH. Ky» 
ifyn), ♦paeiu coucou, pyiiyHCK. f^sKR ^ npoq. 

' MajiopjccB* xeoHKa iipoii30ni4O| BitpoaTHo, B9b *KJio%Ka; cp. H qemcK. kvdina. 
^ GjOBaoKoe hujak upOHCxo^tnrB ot% Kopnfl 2>i</ — cp. cb aTim 6yU'-eOA9, ApeBoe- 

6ojr. EUB0A1»^ rpeqecK.i?9J jSc^Aof, qemcic. huvol, vBm. &ii^e/. 

* daaqiirb Toxe nr»mft (o n'fiTjzii), cpaan. B^vemc krdhen, krdchzen, pjccK. 
KopKHymb, KapKamb; TOTb-xe Kopenb BCTp-bqaercA h bi» caBCipHTCic krkavdku, 
aoaqameirb nnmyxis b naejoavi (vdku DM'Berb aA'^cb aaaqcHie DpHjaiwrejUHaro 
Bh cmacjtb odapeHNMU zoaocomb, UMn>H>m^ eoMCTS^-^oTb sopiiJi vac J. 

2* 



20 BBTKOnOJlPiSEHIl. § 9. 

Hftiei^B. zirpen^ anrji. to cMrp^ pyces. ^jpsaTB), ciobbbcb. c^« 
cehf cercovCf ceptfcB. cmpumn^ BOBO-rpe^ecs. r^ivr^i^as (npo- 
EBB. HUHHup-\ AP^BascB. svoTcigy xpeBfle-tfojn*. €B|^'LYbin^ eaflCBp. 
kukJcura (cot^aKa), aBrji. cur (AOiamHBfl cotfasa), Bti. jbifir- 
ren (Bop^aiB), mBOACB. hnorra; caflcsp. huJckuta (BftTjii), 
ApeBBe-6ojir. KOKorL, vemcB. kohaut (bsi ^kokaut)^ noiBCK. Jto- 
gutf cjroBBBCK. kokdtf ceptfcB. KOKom (nftTjn; kom^ noKota — 
KypBAa), ciOBBiiB. kohdt^ hoJcos^ $^afli][. coq^ aarji. eock^ bobo- 
rpe^ees. kUotos^ aj(SaBCB. xoxoVi. Pyecs. icjippufia bo3boabtcji Ba 
BopeBB kuT (03BaqaDfl^iS BltTyxa b ero n^Bie, raBi-vro nypum 
eo((cTB6BBO SHawT'B caMKG nnmyxa; bi raBoii - se OTBomeHifl 
AOJisBO cJiaqaTB ^p.-Bii* %enna^ hantn aypBita — ci hano fli* 
Tyii, roTCB. hana)^ cp. nypenoKh^ nypHemm^ bojibcb. h$r^ Am- 
reib (BiTyx'b), ^emeB. kufe^ kurdtko (quBJieHOBi), krdkcroH 
(BHpasaeii SByBB, HSAaBaeiHe lunueHBOxi; ep« bi Hipo^B. uftcB. 
kuh krdkore), Apefifle-tfoJir. w\p% KoypHiia; KoypA (poAiT. Koy- 
piiTe— uHrJieBOBi), cop6cB. K2(p (n^biyxiX ^^^KP^d (xbbhoctb), 
cjioBBBCB. A^re (AHBieBOBi). OooTBiTCTBeBBHi! rjarojiBflHB 4^op- 

HH OBBSHSaiOTCB Bl fli^M. ftr^T^M (fltTB — Bltyxi), JiaT. Ctl* 

curirCf vemcB. A;oArJb<i, BJiJiBpcB. &t«A;«r}A;aff, aarji. to crow^ 
^]^mn. croasser (BapBaTB)| jibtobcb. kakar^ku (BOApasaen 
uAuii) B!bTyxa; ^opxa .se eaHa Be opeACTaBuerB riaroAa). 

GaecBp. bJiasaf Ihasaka (co6aKa—cf. BepCBACS. hds--Jiaii co* 
Ganu; combhtojibbOi mosbo ih OTfiecTB CDAa pyccB. coSana, bo- 
Topoe doac6hoB cetfi $opHH Be Hiteii bi bi oabobi bsi Bpo- 
^Bxi cjaBflBCBflxi BSHBOBi; BpeABojioxoflie BepecTaaoBBB Bopaa 
Ihas — Bi sah- ca^T— aobojibbo chIuio, xotb Be BpsBaAJiesHn b'b 

BeBOSXOSBOCTBM'B; CI. HCCb^ IJ^.-COAt. HbCli CI &^ Be BH^en 

BHqero odqarOy TaBi-BaBi» otbocbtcb n cmce,]^. paQu^CKotm^ 
CKomuHo); eaBCBp. tittiri (ByponaiBa — i bi cooTBl^TCTBeHBOii 
pyccEOM'B eiOBt BBiaeTCfl SByBonoApasaTeABBHM BieieflrB vb Bep- 
Bo8 qacTB: Ht/po-^ BOTopaB ^^opaajiBuo TOSA^CTBeaaa cb nyp- wb 



BAaBlHII SIBOTHBXl. § 9. 21 

n^pmta)j lar. telfiXf pyocs. memepca (eJioBo raieri Apyroe 
SHftwiiiey HO TOsAoeTB6HHo no 4^opii H KopHD), qemcB. tetreVf 
nojiiCK. iAetraeWf eieciarka^ cep((os. mempnej inemprb6 (rxf« 
xapB), rpevecB. rh^s^f XHTOBes. titaras^ tetervas (zffich bb- 
JUKTCB H HpBiip'b yABoeBBftro Bopna). 

npntpH OaHCBpHTCBBXl BBySODOj^paxaTeiBEHXl eiOB'By 03BB- 

«DflUii'B juiBOTHBZi: Mro/va ( Bopona— oxeieHT'b BBysonoApasa- 
toiuihI BBBjimaeTCfl bx nepBOH'^ cjiorft); kurkura (cotfaBa— 
Bpoxt BHrneapHBeAOBHaro kukkura); kuMrava (BHAilcKan sy- 
BymBa ^KpuHatnoH IcuM^); krkana^ krkara (sypanaTKa); kdka 
<Boniy SBBUTi TftBxe Kynymta)\ k6kdvala{jiKMMWh — on Mkd^ 
spHiTB naBJiHHHHl^ k&kika — nasiBBi); iAuka (cobb, emi — vh 
CBJUB ci iAvii H vIMAu-^fduMus^ uMabiiis; cp. lar. vitdus — 
€OBa, coiScTB. etnowika on ultiZare— bht&: tdulant lupi-^mv^rh 
bojikb; Hii. eifZe— COBB H heulen -->bhib; aflrji. (ncl cobb i howl— 
bhtb 1 Hii. ifftu — $BJ[B&iy CBHCBp. tfM, ynoTpe^jfleioe, no 
Bcel BtpoBTHOCTH, RpuBt bthkh: Sanskr. Wrtb. Fetersb. L 
loi6); Urikdf (irt (cBeption, RysBenBi); chucchundara (bh- 
xyxoiB -—mygale mosehata); thuthukrt (pox'B utehu — napaTCB. 
h6ld^ Sanskr. Wtb. Petersb. IIL 474^ phadingd (cBep^osn, sys- 
newKi); pMrava (maaaji, «B3AaDfliil Bpui j7A^»X nUka (so- 
seii; ep. Bii. mecA^ern »■ ($jieaTB — o soaaxx, qemcs. meceti); 
minida (Boaa, bosoji'b «KpHunia)i m^»); kukkuvdc (pox^ bhte- 
BooH, BBxaDiiiel aayKH kukku); cataka (aopotfel — cp. bbfj. to 
chat tfoxTBTb); titjbha (pox^ btbi^h — parca jacana); nasBaaiB 
c$epH%aj KysfiCHUKa: ^higgt^ ^hin^hi^ ^hirikd, ^MUt, ^hUlikd; 
ghdaghiddrava (pOA'B rojiytfii; no SHaqeHin h j^opnt bi aTony 
exoBy BOCBMa tfxHBSo noAXOABTb ToarcB. kidu-kulu—^^n^ roxy($fl), 
gJmrghura bjh gharghurghd (ApeBOTO^eifBy eBepxvxBn^BBi). 

IIpntpB un xPF^n bbhsobi: MaxalcB. gaguh (fOA% ao- 
uniBoi Bn^epHQEfi npoHiBOAaqel Becbia chjibehB h cBoeodpasHHS 
pyn; odBa^aeTca spont xoro eaie BupaseHUiiH keku^ gekko^ gago^ 



32 BBysonoxPAXiHiB. §§ 9 — 10. 

goM; Ma/rsden^ Dictionary of the Malayan language, London. 
1812, 286 a); BOBrepcB. tyuk(z^^mi^^ i^nnzeHosi — ^emes. {{to- 
ti -- HHii^aTB^; rpe^. x«xx«/3« — KecKKcc(ifi (fB6^EZTi — orb ero ro- 
. Jioea), nepyancK. kktdlku (l^ojiytffc—ep. ^panq. raueouler — Bopso* 
Bats); ajidaHCK. TtorTfoKocM (nepenejisa — Xylander^ Spra- 
che der Albanesen, 256; cp. BcnrepcB. pittypalatty — npoHSR. 
nlmh - noAomh — nepeneiHHHfl spHKi ), BeerepcB. pUyer ( saBO- 
poflOBx); nepyaHCB. kuH (ceuubs); aerji. baboon (nasiaHi); 
anrji. whip-poor-^toiU (aiepHKaHCRiB noiyHOoiHHB*B, mmck^^ raici 
HasBaiEHfl no ero Tixo-njia^eBHOiy spHsy, kOTopHB, sasi hojibsa 
Jiyqnie, noxosi na ynoMiiHyTHfl cjioBa^ nepyaneB. <t«7ti^a ( nein* 
BaHiy ($a($a-nTBi(a); nepyancB. kuharaca (xysi, TapasaHi; 8To 
CJOBO Depenuo vb aHrjiScsii amm BiriicTft O'l nepeceieHieM'b 
XHBOTHaro wh Eepony — cp. cocJSroocA ^TapasaHi); xeBCHBaHcs. 
hmtzitzilin (BoindpH, HeAOCOCi) h np. 

§ 10. Hept^Bo BCJi^ACTBie BjdflHU j^OHera^ecBHXi HSKiHeHil 
H HeotfxoAHHHX'b CI TeqeflieMi BpeieHH coapaiqeHiB cjobi ipyAHO 
pacnosHBTB BByBonoApasaTejiBHoe ocHoaaHie AMHaro cjioaa, raKi 
nanp. bi cjiobhhcboii hnda (nKCM), nponcmeAnien En 
*cbda—%cda (^emcB. vcda^ hoibcb. pajsezota^ sajiopyccB. Coko* 
Aa)y BOTopoe otJiacHJieTCfl, nocpexcTBOHi cxaqefliir ci xpoBHO- 
tfojir. Eib7-6Aa^ H3'b BopHH iTLY-^&uA;- ( Bi BHaqeHiH (myoKoicamh^) 
BaBi oicyotcQicafwe oKueomnoe; bhtbIcb. hu (mmpiX fMO (nmw 
ua — SHa^HTX Tose nrbmh), eapeBcB. kdeh (coCana; apatfcR. kalb 
kdb; conocTaBueTca c% Hiv. U&ifen—mH9Kamb); nep^Ai^o Ta* 
Boe SRyBono^pasaTejiBHoe cjiobo OBassBaoTCJi yABoeHHim: sm^ 
tur-iur (ropjiHqa), ^^pasii. tourterdUf BftMeqB. turtd'-ta/uhe^ aori. 
tur{le*d(n)e h np. 

EcTb EaBoneqi e TaBia cjioiia, coTopiu, ecjii pysoBOAHTBCx 
anajiorieB npouxi, npKimBaDa^ax'b b'b ToB-xe aaTeropii ciOBi, 



* huc~^uk MoxHo cooocraBHTb cb vyk', vuk^^ xoropoe orasMBaiBTca vbcepdcs. 
euna (Kpwcb), eut-CM (Kpwty)^ h qemcs. povjrk (myMv), 



SBysoiiOAPiSiiii. §§ 10— IK 23 

^ptBoMjfHCB, no BoeMy BtpoiriDy TOJ&KO m^ cnxil sbjkoiio-* 
ApassTeji&HHXi, xoTH no eocTasf m SBysoBi ijApoHO eAtiiaTs 
noAO()HBl BHBOAi Becua onpoAtiiTeiBHo; Tani, nanp., sopoHs 
kat" (kot'j hut-) bo nHorHn nsHKaxi cJiyxnrb o((o8Haq6HierB 
nawKU^ XOTH vh nei'b co((eTBeHHO SByBonoxpaxaTejiBHaro ocHOBa* 
nin H6 BBAHo, cp. anri. cat (aHrxoeaBC. cat^ poA* catles)^ nopACS. 
hSttty Bin. hatee^ unpcs. cdtik^ nraji. gatto^ j^paHi^. chat^ pyccs. 
wm%^ lenies. hcika (hbi "kot'h^hHf paBHO sasi cjt. hacawr™ 
wwh npoH^mjo BciftACTBie CHHrqeHUi t wh c; osonqaHie --Mr 
eooTBiiCTByeTX flftn. -er, bi hater ^ ApoBH.-HiB. katero^ hater) ^ 
jaramcs. hatms^ apadcs. hUt^ najalca. hdiicin n np. Towoe 
npossBOAeTBO tbbvx'b cjiobi npeACTaBMon anaqaiejiLHiin sarpyA- 
naak, Aa BpiiAi-iiB yAOBjeTBepHiejiBHoe nxi o^Mcneme KorAa-* 
BntfyAB CAtJiaeTCJi BOsxoxHHnv ^asi - usi icnHTaHHiie jochob- 
BHii sByKoaoApasaiejiBBHaH eTHxiiu hu OTBOcaaiiiiHCJi si BU'b 
riaroiBHHH sopHnu nepeaopoTa anpatfoTajiH bo norHxi tiy- 
vuix'b fOBepmesHO pasanqHsS on nepaoHaqajiBHaro cocmB'B 
^ofleTHvecBit. 

3. TpBTiI FASPHA'^ OJOBl SByBOnOAPASATIJIBHHX'B. 

§ 11. El atony paapiAy) aoTopiiB necpaBHenHO nnoroueieH* 
flfte BHmeyflOMHyTSxiy npaaaAxesaTi cioaa, oanaqaDnUfl npoA- 
leniy pasBHi AMcTBifl| ^HSHqecaia oinpaajieHui, qyBCTaa n np. 
Bi coeTaei nepBO<(HTHaro aanaca aByBOBuxi KonueacoBi ne- 
eaniono BXOAHjn n rasin cioaa, soTopHn sacajiHCB pasnim 
aBJienil npspoAUi neoAymeBieHHHXi cyqecTBi n npoAnoTOBi 
onpysaDnteS vexoBtaa npnpoAH n ^bctbd — pasHoodpasin rtxi 
sayioBiy BOTopae vejioBisi nocTHraxi on ainxi-se npoA- 
noTOBi. H SAicB ne aoxsho sasaTBcn nan yAHBHTexBnEiM'B, 
no TO-se canoe flBiesie OTAftiBSHnn nxeneHanE^ npeAcraBiTe- 
innn npaasusoBi n BOBilfflHXi, pasBBBBiBxcn h31> nnxi, OTpae- 
lel, BiipaxajocB nonon^BO aayBOBi coBepBieBHO pasju^aHXi; naci 



S4 3i7SosoiiPixsirii. §§ 11-*- 13. 

96 xojrsHp nopasan «eua daerpm nepexoxH on oxbqto sbj* 
BOBaro soiDJieBca n xpyroiy, amio b% teuxi aaimni rxk 
no BsaiiiflOHy poACTBj vh finmwh ejiyvaft ejilxoBaio <(h osh- 
xaTb Bopaei Tosx^TBevHini; ms h6 Bi*npaiit HByuJTHSf a TOiy 
BesAft BM^THOiy CBoero poj^a napTHKyjispHBiy, KOTopHi, Boapesv 
BHorsft'b, exoABHM'B CI APF"*' opVBWiQan, ycBoiBaen ce6k 
vb 8ton OTHomeHiH nonTH BasAuff jisbb^. Jl^oBasatexbCTBa immy 
AoctuBim Bi H3o6HJ[iB flH26CJribAy»n(i6 npiviLpfii. npH noApo<(» 

HOVB paSClOTptHIE BTOl BBTerOpiH OBBSHBaeTCJlY ^TO Bl (S0JI1»« 

mjuHCTBt Bc%x% cjiOBi np6o($jaAa»n r, J (oTAftn uaBHsn €0« 

F2aCH£UL1>) H BByBI Mtltl^lfl^y IBBl - ^TO X<M»HO OeTaHOBmCfl HE 

9on BBBox^ ^*ro BTHxi-TO BByBaM, Vh Evy BpiHiaeolH Bi ynou- 
Byiol n/kjoif vb pasBBxi OTpaejiaxi upHAaBajiH ((5jiBinyD vh 
opaBEeBiH ei APF'^i^ BHpasiiTejibBoeTb. JS/lsl i^imoxora txoBa 

HMeBHO 910F0 paBpiIAB np6ACTaBJiaDT!b BBptAi^ BecBiia JIDtfomiT** 

Bna AaHHBa; bi $0HeTH<iecK0M OTHomefliH ohe ^esBHuBao 
Basflu, OTspHBaa tforarcTBO hjih cpaBBHTOJiBHyB 6iffiotn asHsa 
Bi SByBOBOMi OTBomeniH^ ho htofobi, BacaDn^Hxea ueTO«rpai<^ 
iBTHqecBoB lacTi asHsa (b'b TicHOii CHHCJii cJioBa), isiOToro 
laiepiaxa mosho noCun xamb HeiHoro. 

§ 12. Bi rpynoft cxobi, otiosHawDiiiHxi niraia npBpojQi, 
saiibTHH ocotfoBHo cjiftAyi>mia. 

fl^E BiipaxeHia noHflTia tpoMt^ bo ibotbzi asBBaxi ocbobboB cth* 
xieS ABJiaeTca corjracHaar(B][ti)Qaa baAcb OTiipaBJiOHie sByaonoAPft* 
sareiuoo), bi» aoTopoi ae pl^Bo h% biaI ycHieflia npHCTaajieBa 
ropiauHaa ^ : AP**<^o.ir. rpoM^L, cjobbbck. gram^ bojibcb., cep<(GB. 
xopi». gram^ ^emcB* hromy Hoao-tfoxr. rpiuea (cooTBiTCTBeEfliia rjia- 



1 ' 

f Cp. uaap. BiiM. krachcn (TpecBjTB, rpoiajTh), aHri. to crush, to crack, 
«paHi]U crac (Tpecrb), craquer, crever (40iniyn)y croquer b wbu. roUen (na- 
TaTbCfl)— 4»paBi^ rouler; /tajbme aiir4« to roan=9pjccM* peertmb, nemcic fvdti, 

noxbCK,ryczei,cep6cK,piiMamu, ncn. ntgir; rmdo (myvh)} BoaorpeqecB. KpircQ 
TpecKi}— 4iTa4. romoreggiare (myttvsh) ■ op* 



8ByR0nOXPiSATIJI&HHll OXOBi. § 12. 25 

IMMU ^opir. ApeBBe-<$0Jir. rfiiumi, pyce s. tpeMnmh^ noJibcs. 
gr4smie6y ^emcK. Armett, hkmatij ($o;ir. rpiMi^— rpeMiTi; ep. h ap* 
((ojr« rpo^n, cjobbbcs. jfrohot^ pifccs. tpoxnyfnb^ tpoxomamh h 
op.); «BpeBcK. ra'am (rpoMi), r^'a (mjiii, Rpasi, rpoiii); apatfcs. 
raPdf rpe^ecK. HfQv^rn (BecBMa Bipo atho on nepBOfla<iajibHaro KapBH 
hhramf BaooMHBiMomaro cjias. rpox-, cp« h rjiarojib /i^i/A-eiv mtf 
Mnmb^ MT. /rem-ere, oaHcsp. hhram^ ep. Schleicher, Gompend. 
214yaiun. 1), nopryr. trovao^ wn. trueno (zjijieh r BCTaBJiesOt 
nvi% ABCTByen En cpasHeflu cs lariiHCB. tonUrUt Hiaji. tuano, 
ifftk^H. tonnerre; Bop. ton^tan^ caitcicp. stan aeffnamb; okoh- 
WHie — tru cooTfiftTCTByen nepBOHa^aJiBHOHy tra, tsk'^-^to UmH" 
tru^^ "tan-i-tra; BBysonoApaxaTeji&flHM ajeveBn sA'kcB iieflie bh- 
padHTOiefli; cp* h repaaflCK. $opMH: aHrjio-caKC. thunar^ BopAca. 
dtmr^ aorji. thunder^ jqf.-BfbM. thanar^ domr^ tanir, wbn. donner, 
rojuaflxcR. dander y mseACK. thardSUf AftTCis. tor den) ^ Beflrepes. 
mennyd6rg6$ (Kopeits co^ctbohho dSrg^ — TaKi-Kasi menny = 
Hedo — c^.ddrdiA-ni rpeHtTB; dCrdtdeti^owhi ddrg^s — rpeHtHie ); 
lypeiiB. gjdk-gurtUdusA (neCo^gjdky g6k; spoat Toro yno* 
TpetfwiJiDTca H gUruldUf gjdk-gHfiemesi, cp.-4^paBQ. hurler)^ la- 

• 

jui3cB. giiruh^ HHxyeT. garg. Bi xpyraxi asHKaxi, SByaono- 
Apaxaiejilbnaa CTHxia opoBBJifleTea n rJiyxHxx rjiacBuxi, epaBB. 
DtpyaflCR. Jdcuhuftin En k$imkumnij (rpoai), kunununan (rpe-- 
mlTB; dypa, rpoaa BHpaxaeTCir wpesi — kkaMcakkahaj ue sah 
laUalla; bi nepBom MOBt aaajiDqanTca sbyan, noApasaDniie rpe- 
liauD, BTopoe noApaxaerb ubbd, TaKi-Baai lla npoBSHoeBTca 
xaB!b ma); Bi BOBO-rpeqecKOui B^uvA %peMufm BHpaxaoTca qe- 
peai: lA'^ovfiTrowi^si o cv^ccvoi; (BpoBSBOCHTCJi: 6y6yiii3H); Buaa- 
€so» a3HK!b: kkH (rpojii— iJfciUAIdt^ri— rpoai rpeiHTi); xi>p- 
xyjiHflCB. kkuJckUf veqeBCK. qauvqar (rpeatTB), adxaaca. adUdU 
(rpoii), aaapeE. gJmghaze (rpeiftTB gob ghugJioia — v^oe% 
rpexHn, cotfcT. He6o xptMumb) e np. HaAycTaBcsoiy ^ar^ co- 
OTBftTCTByen caBcsp« gargi (pacaarB rpouai n^pesaTH rpoiia); 



26 BByKonoAPAXiBif. § 12. 

caHCsp. gumgunc^f^mjMin^ rpeiitTK, ep. h gharghara (tvf* 
KOTHir, rpoxorb, rpoMsiR CHibxi) h np. 

3ByB0, opHHaxjiexamie ki> paapfl^y ry($HHXi| uh npiiHsaDmie 
Bi HH» y BO HHorBX*b ASHRaxi cjfjxaT'b ocHOBasien noMTiB dymb, 
0iMNep9, dm sByRB cjfbAyDn^ie : /, t;, |). npHiipEi: bbtbBcb. 
fung (Btiepi — sop. /w — cp. qeniCK. fou-Jc-ati^ pyceB. ^bip- 
Komti^; BajiaVcK. |7i2-p«-< (AyTs; yABoeHoafl $opia ko^^es pu= 
fuj caHCBp. Bop. jpe}""AyTb); b% cancKpHrb h bi corjiacia ci 
HHlii H Bi cpoABHzi oiy flSHsazi osasHBaeTCA nojryrjiacHaii vi 
caRCKp. vd (BtflTB) OTfcyxa t;<{to (BlTepi), ApeBBe (oir. buith 
(oTTyAam-rpi), pycca. ^ib^tmti, enmepbj enepsy Jiar. t;en<if5, 
JIHTOBCB. v6ja8 (cp. JUTHmcB. t;£tra — 6ypfl), fotcr. wian (Bifln)i 
eyniecT. vinds (nepcHACB. bdd hsi %dtf BCJr&ACTBie H8H%H6Biii 
OTSByHHHX'B Bi SByqHBfi); qemcR. vd-ti^ vi-tr^ bojbce. u^ia^, 
t{?tajr, xopsaTCB. ceptfcB. t;6tor (rjiar. jwAaJi=nya;ami«; eiMikip 
ii2ruie=BftTep'B Ay^Tx), eapeBcB. jp^(j& (Btrepi; efd dyuoeenie; 
orb Toro-se Bopan npoHexo^HTi h cjiobo af hoc6, %Hne%^ coti- 
ctbobbo: <to, qto ajoti, HaAyBaeTeii») sa-Ttaipars pro toto— 
Ame P0c(Sjiie); rpe^ecR. ccr/xi (f.'jK) nocpoACTBOsi BHnycsa ah* 
raHMH npoHBomjio an *(»-Rf-fci (sopeBB Fcc^vd)^ BOBorpev* 
(pvaaS (Ayx>)} ^emcB. fofr (vaxi, B03AyxonpoBOA'B)| fofrwati 
(onaxHBaTB); BeerepcB. fu- (/t{ a$^^-<-BtTepi Ki^Tb)\ tobfcb. 
i/S (AyTb); XDpKyjHHCB. dw&P (Btrepi: d/u>(ip vtdkidi savi at- 
Topi Ay^Ti), a((xa8CB. phsa (ap1is!i — Bi^rpi), caacBp. phut 
(AyTB— cp. Bta. ptistefif anrA. to puff) a np. 

HiteTO BByKonoApasaTOJiBHaro f (v) sacrynaerb HHorAa h eo- 
rjracaaa h (aoTopaa aaod^e ee p^A^^o qepoAyeTca c% /*, cpaaa. 
uanp. npoBSHomeBie f bi anoncBoa^ asEiBt , fa^ ara Gorjaeaaa 
npeAcraBJiaeTi aayBi, CToaotiB bi cpoAHat aesAy f^h^ ^epo- 
Aosauie /* a A bi jaTUHCBOMi asHBt: hordeum—fcrdeum «obbhi» 
Aoafia— m-/e^-t«a a np.); cDAa OTBOcaTca: Hia. hauch^ hauch-m 
( AyHoneBie, AyTB), noJiBCB. chuch (=Bia. hauiA)^ chuchad (AyT&)» 



SBSTKOnOAPASiTSJIfcHBil OJIOBA. §§ 12—13. 27 

DtpyaHes. huqjra (Bftiepi), asapcR. huri (Btiepi), qe^eHci;. 
muock (Bftrepi: muoch ehieku — BibTepi fjen) h np. 

OcHOBoI rjiaroia lafffUMH^ bi BecEHa iHprHxi usHsaxi (ape- 
Biyn^ecTBeHuo-xe bi eaponeScsHX'b) aBJiaeTCJi sayai inHoaiiuil bi 
Koput, TaKi ua-HpHHtpi: pyccR. tuiiiiibmb {eunuyrnhj cuniMnt), 
ttfenmamby tcioiiMi^y fayttf^ofn^, meneMm%^ vmny^A ( ho Rcbxi 
anx'b ejioaaxi KopenHHii sBysox'B ORasHBaercii c, w)\ dojibck. 
saeptaCf aykaS^ aapacy swisnac^ syczeSj ayhnacy qemcR. ayceti 
(iDiotTb), sikati^ ayp-tki; jyasaiis. syceCf 8yka6 (sycavka^^ 
aaysi mmsjuM); eepticK. uuvamw (cymecTB. mna^ uuHanfC); 
cjiobhhcb. sicatij psikati^ (Sojir. cickwl, \siknwh; JiaTHHCB. sihtlare 
(sihUus — mHnlBie, CBHcn), st^aurrare (syszan, monoToa-b 
roBopHTb), $paHii. siffier^ HcoaHCB. sUbar (nocpeACTBOi'b nepe- 
erauoBRH corjiacHuxi H31 *sibl'ar)j HTaiuiHCR. sibUare (fischiare), 
pyiyHCB. a tuonml (aaBMCTBOBauo hb^ cjiaaaHCS. as^y a cdcil; 
Bii. zischen (Ap. Hisr. gispU6n menTaTb), aflrji. to Mss (ep. h 
to whisper inenTaTB}, rojiJiaHACR. sissen^ jlmck. JmslCf hvosse^ 
kvisiej loaeACK. hvasa; BOBOipeii. ^^Jidv^l^oit (menqy — ApoBHe- 
rpeq. "^ibv^KTiios menraHie, ypl^^off men^ymiB); Benr. seiszeg-nij 
^t^o^-iii(mjinor-Bi), rypeiiR. sildih vermek^ riaghirmakp toufcr. 
sisi H np. 

§ 13. HsAaBaeiBe shbothhxh sayRH aeebaa qacTO BHoearca 
I vb asHBi, nb, ROHc^Ho, HOxerB dpohcxoahtb bi TaKoai TOJibBO 
BH^t, KOTopHi Btpnie Bcero nepeAaen bxi, npRHopaBjiHBaacb 
vh qejiOBtqecRoS ptqa Bootfaie; h era iiacTb jie«CHRajibHaro Ha- 
Tepiajia ne JiBmeBa CBoero HHTepeca : aecbia jiKSonHtHO BBHRaTb 
Bi pasHoodpaaie sbjrob'l, ROTopae se ptARO ORasHBaDica npeA- 
CTaBHTeiWR OAHoro TOJTbRO npRpoAHaro SByaa. Baxnui'b npe- 
DaTCTBien AJJi tovuoS nepoAaqn aTHXi nocil^AHHX'b aojixuo cvh- 
lan HACHopasdrbMHOcmt qejiOBiqecRaro aauRa Bootfo^e, BCJitA- 
CTBie BOTopoS H Bi caxuxx AJ^HHHHxi cJOBaxi KOZHO pasuviTb 
Becbia OTqeuino OTAtJibBHe BsyRH. 9to, Roaeqao, m HeAoeiaTORi, 



28 BBysonoAPiXAHii. §13. 

a OAHO Wh TMmuvb xocTOiniR qejraBtiecsoS piVH, i cam 
cyiitecTBeHHaii pasHHi^a, OTjiHqaioii\aa ee on aayBoai aaHBOTEHXi* 
SopeHHoe pasjirae lezxy OTAtiiBaHU DpaaaHicaiai BoropHo 
AOJWBO npeftnojiaraTB opi otfpasoBaHiH b paaBBTia qejostqeeaoK 
pftu Bootfme, ci^'Bacflaen b^b cbod owpe^B pasHorJiacie npaaaA* 
aesaniBxi cDxa BHpaseHiI; bo tbb'b, t;^% h6 BtmaDTi aBysoBEUi 
npamijiay Bce-TasH vb droii paspaAi cjiobi aByBOBOApaxareJiB- 
BHii ycMBTpHBaeTca cxoactbo vb rjiaBfloS ocflOBt. IIpBitpB: 
MHynamb (cp. BHraBca. miao — RoniKa). bojibcb* miauczeS^ 
C6p<{€B. maukati^ qemcR. miiauJuUif jyz. miavcec (ep. nepyaBcc. 
misi Komaa , Eta. mietze)^ ^paaii. fniauler^ aftur. miauen, aarji, 
to mew , HOBO-rpe^ecB. foccov^l^tv ( hjib ysecov^i^(» \ vepeAOBaaie 

911 B n B^ 9T0B'B MOSt yCiaTpBBaOTCB T0Z6 BpB CpaBHenifl BBT* 

miao B anoBCB. ne-ko), aearepcB. miaM (3 mi. ex* ^ac bbct* 
Bpea.) B Bp. Bi cjitj^yiDQExi apaatpaxi npexOTaBjaiOTca aa'b 

BiSOTOpHX'B OTA^JTBHUXl. BdOSOBl eiOBB ( npeBByfl(6CTB0HH0 Tia- 

roia), BHpazanniia bo (SoxBBieK wctb sBysB, BdAaBaeaHe ze- 
botbhbb; En pyocs. amsa: eopnamit^ 9umb ( aopoHB f;u-^, vu- 
puKamh (cp. i^araECB. ciriJdo^ BTHj^a, BHAycT. ciWrf, caacBp. 
clcf/b^ npBKaBBO otb^b), eopKoeamty napKom^ (b% cbbsh c% 
8THHI rxarojiOBX cocToan tozo caHcap. cyniecTBaT, krJca-^mWf 
BBqemcK. XtA;^, tatafcamh, xoxamamhf nydaxmamh (lemcK. 
kddkati)f Munamhy puKamh^ CKpuwnmhj xpimamb^ moKamhf 
mpecnymty ipHuymh^ xpyemnmu GooTBtTCTBeBBaaa bxi BHpa- 
l^euiaafl bi xpyrBxi, cpoABHXi bib bo cpoABHXi asuBaxi oaa- 
BflBaDTca: bi bo^sbcbob's asHst: itrierMac (^iBpaaaTB), warczeSf 
krucjsec (aopqaTB), tvyS^ ryczec (bqtb), kraJcac (KapsaTB), 
gdakac (raraxaTB; noaiotfaoo SHa^eEio Baton: hrzekoreec^ a gegaSX 



^ Bb ApeBB&n flSMBt: fipSKSui^ Bupoxajo no4paxaBie naieaBuo juajmesi^ 

^ Pott, Zigeuner IL 19^, lam-xe npHBOARTCji u xoBAtficK» art nonyrajl^ a drikd;=^ 
^ cricket (csepvovi). 



dByKOnOAPiSiTBIBHHH CJrOBA. § 18. 29 

checiataS^ rzeehotac (sBaBan, cp. xar. coaxo--m coae-so^ Hfti. 
quacken^ aari. to quack^ to crook) h op. VLvb ^emcKsro usHKa: 
vrieti^ vyti^ krkati (sapsanX chechtati 8e^ huhmti (oIShdxi- 
Ban, BDxaTBi roBopHTi vh Hoci), huUati (bhtb, ponian), 5u- 
cfH (ihwtb), mecetii heceti (iiMThf jibt. belare\ puknouti 
(jonByTB--ep. i pyccs. nyfCHymt^ nyKamb\ fvdti (peBi^n, hh- 
^btb), finceti (sBeHiTB, tfpaRaTB, ^peafaTB), roz-trikiti (paa- 
rpoiHTB, pa8Apo(SHTB)y hfUkoti (spB^aTB, butb), vHskatif vresk 
(nHB^aTB, BHSxaTBy BHsn), hhtoiti (pxaxb — rehtati se^xuxU* 
Kamb\ fmkati (xBHBaTL). VLn C6p(ScKaro HSHua: jupMAfOmu, 
xephamu (BopuTB), ^epxiffnamu (vupBsaTB), tanmamu (ra- 
raKaTB)| tpoxom (rpoiuiB ciftxi), puKomu, MytcamUf Cynatnu 
(paqaTBi mhwtb)| nytcnymu^ nyHamti (jionHyTB)i npacMmu 
(TpeenyiB, rpoxayTB— qemcK. praskali) h np. 

Ilpiii^pH 131 lepMaHciumasHBOBi: b^h. %eulen (bqtb — ko- 
peHB hd'Tm-^ itbji. tdulare^ MajaSes. Hlcm)^ zwUschem (u- 
pflBaTB), knurren (bop^btb — cp. caHcap. kukkura cotSaaa), 
lallen (jeneraTB), girren (BopsoBaTB), kr&chzcn (sapaaTB), 
gaekern (ayAaxraTB), hriUlen (bhtb, pa^aTB), krachen (rpe- 
man), prassdn (TpeqaTB), grunzen (xpniiaTB), muhen (ui- 
naTB), meckernj USken (tfjieaTB — nepBoe o Koaaxi, BTopoe o(S'b 
OBiiaxi). Hai aorjiiMcKaro ndHaa: to howV (bhtb — ni^M. Aeu- 
len)^ to chirp (^)pa- qiipHBaTb)i to scream (spHqaTB, naqaTB — 
cp. I Bta. krcisch-en^ caacap. krug)^ to growls to marl (aop- 
%aTB), to coo (BopaoBBTB — To-xe to croo)f to grumble (((op* 
MOTan), to roar (bhtb, phkbtb), to crack (rpemaTB)^ to 
croak (aapaaTB), to grunt (xpnaaTB), to Heal, to low (tfjie* 
aTB). T/Ln meeACKaro asEiKa: tjuta^ Atnna (bbtb), qtnttra (^h- 
pHKaTB), hwrra (bop^btb), kaUa (raraaaTb — X:orprop Kap- 
saBBc; Jb>rjp = laT. corv-us BopoHi); ryta^ rama (puqarB), 
ruUa (rpeatTb), grymta (xpDaaiB); 

HLvh asHKOBi pouaBCBBXi : $paBA. hurler (bhtB| pfiqaTB)| 



30 8ByBonojiPizARii. § 18. 

gringotter (wpvKaTB), grander ^ murmurer (Bop^T&i tfopo- 
vaTb), carac(^er,roticouZer (bo psoBaTB), croasser (sapRarb), 
rugir, mugir, heugler (bhtb, xaqaTb), caqueter (raraKarb), 
grogner (xpixsaib), b&er (tfjeaTb), craquer (rpeniaTb), fro- 
cas (myMi, rpecKi). Hsi HTaibXHCKaro a^sKa: ruggire, mug^ 
ghiare (bhtb, KuwTb)^ f«r2are (pHqaib), gracchiarey gracida^ 
re (RapaaTb), hdare (tfieflxb), fracassare^ scriccMolare (rpec- 
RaxbCfly CJEOMaTb), miagola/re^ gnatdare (HayKaTb), scardbocchi- 
are J schicherare (esBepHo niicaTb — cp. qemcs. skrdbati); hor* 
bottare^ hrontolare (cooTBtrcTByeTi no ^^opnt h SHaqeeiio pyccs. 
6opMomamt), grugnire (xpiosaTb), cigolare (cspinitTb). Hti 
pynyHCBaro ASHsa : 8pAit (mim^ ^umikTh) y a tjnculf noKul (rpcc- 
HyTb; o()a eiosa cMBflHCKaro npoHcxoxAeHia); a CKpeue (sap- 
aaTb — ep. aarj. to scream); a cCepa^ hjh a fiiu^i (tfjtdJiTb); 
xo6opodoic\ (dopxoTaTb), l^et^ x8et (myHi; Apyroe BspaseHie — 
xaAa6aiK saHxcTBOBaeo h3B Typeiis. JiaHsa); t^n^^H\ (jEene- 
Tan; Apyroe ciobo, Cb itxi-ate sHaqedeitti: 094(^5^1 ot^paaoaaHo 
yABoeuieii nepaaro ciora mt^ haJbutiref cpaaH. Bopo^OH^b b 
TypeuKo-nepcHACK. &2^&2«2=aTH4a B^ poAt cojoBba). 

JEmtobckIH Jiaus'b toso aecbMa tforaT^ BHpa^&eHiaxii saysono- 
ApaxaTejEbRHim; bi hhxi HrpanTB rjaBHyio pojb SByica manfc- 
ii;ie: ^jrpsoe^ (({^upsaD) snj|fjK)6f (apucKopoMii HraoBeHHOM'B ..(bh- 
seHiii), s2t«w&m {ujiikij rpoHKOy anri. to blubber )y sypsaus (cRaJiio 
sytiu, tfbJLm rpasiacH), smagdju (6i>io dHqeai, xjeiiiy), ^%7itf 
(qiipHsax)y cBHQiy; h wk CJaaiiHCKiix b asHsaxi cooTBtTCTBeiiHtia 
cjioBa cyxb BBysonoApaAaTeJibHEia: pyccs* cettcmamh, qemcR. 
hvijsdatiy nojibcs. gwizdaSy SwistaCj piszczec r npoq.)- Aw^^ 
npMMtpu, rA% BtTi ocEOBHHXi BiHiiHqHX'b SBTKOH'b I Mipytuti 
(maraTbca, hath bjioxo), krapkineti (omynHBarb, oiiapa;;H- 
BaTb — cp. aHrj[« to scratchy h^h. kratzen^ qenic:. skrdbnouti); 
ftwrfta ( lerepKa — aopeHb kur- Toii-xe caMHfi, aoTopuH cJiysflT'b 
ocHOBaHieiii cJioaan: nyp-ui^, Kyponamna^ Memcic. koroptev^ 



dByKODOAPiSiTIIlHHJI OIOBA. § 18. 31 

xoiBCS. hiireh=niTjn n up.) ^ murmlenH (($opMOTaTb)| trukti 
(jonHjTb), brasketi (espBotTB); lucuti {niiOMn; oepyaHCK. 
mHtcqj noatjy^ cp. nones, husia^ huHakf «iemcB. puaa^ HTai. 
bado^ ^psHii. haiser^ pyiyHcic. ww, wnape; ci>Aa aojisho 
OTHOCTH caHCBp. cumb AtiOBan, cumbana noutjyl, iiuraHCs. 
cumidav vjkrpOf laiaBcB. mm-UUlm i^iJiOBan; ceptfcs. nyuMbHk 
uoulkxfk BOBBOAHTca aa HftH. Jcu8s^ ap. anrji. Usa^ mBCACK. T&yis 

SBysoaoApaxaTeuBHfl cjOBa BBotfifjiyDTi bi BeHrepcsoMi asH* 
\% Bon BtcKOiBKO npHvbpoBi Ha BUAepxsy: bdg-ni^ bdnibSl'' 
nif ddrdgni (bhtb, iHqaTi; oco(!eflByx) BHpasHTenHOCTb npHAa* 
iDTh ynoifiHyTHMi rJiarojiaM'b rjiyxia mcHHH, soTopiifl cbo8ctb6h- 
bu ^iJLot ypaibCKO - airalcEoM oipacjia); caksereg* csiripol' 
(qapiKan; bi rtcHoB cbitsh ci pyccs. KopHOHi; vb npHBeAOH- 
HHxi ^opaaxi oaaaHBaeTca OAna toabo Teia, h3^ BOTopoB 06- 
pasyetca BeoopeAiJieHHoe BaBjroiieBie DocpoACTBOxi npiciaBBE 
Vb BOHoy cjiora -ni; tbbi h bi cjrbAyvBiux'b npHMipax'b, npa 
nwb AOJUHO saxtTHTb, mo rjiarojiii aa -iA; OT($pacMBaM)Ti» btotb 
cion Bi BeonpeAtJieBHOxi); gagyog, gSgydg^ pdypeg (Jiene- 
tbtb), futydrSsaf s(polf tUinJcdJS (cBHCTlTb, HaCBHCTQBaTb) ; 
roppan^ csattant ( Tpecnyrb); kukurikol (ftkn — ntryxii); Jcrd- 
kogj htdhogat (tcapaaTB); Jcurran^ morgolddik (aopqaTB); tur* 
bikol^ bulikol (BopsoBaTB); cs6r6g^ zordg (xyp^arB) h np. 

Bi TypeiiBOxi asuBt cJOBa BByBonoApavnareiBnua Hrpann 
Toxe BazHyio poJB: b6jUrmeh (anqaTB, buib); gdriUtU (TpecBi); 
ulamakj vtdamak (butb, pehtn—tdidare) ; melemek (((jieaTB); 
kudurmak ('cepAHTBca— cp. ^paaa. se courroucer) a np. 

IIpHHftpH H3X nepyaaeBaro aauBa: naranij hardhuini (abTb) 
kumkufnUij (myn); hdhuancani bh sipsikani {6ofUQnn^ 
oemaTB); rokjani (myatTB); rakrani (uojotb, pacBnjiuBiiTB); 
puhuni (AyTB; onyAa h puJiura nepo; KopeHBjni^- cp. ceptfcB. 
nyxamu=ji,^n); puhifjunku (tfyrpaai; Bupa^KaeTTb yrjiydaeEiei 



&2 BByEOffOXPlSiHIB. 9§ IS— 14. 

BftEsaHie BO qT0-B8<$yjib ); pututu ( HysBsaifcBHl HBCfpTieHn); 
pisku ( OTHiia — cp. pyeev • m«ci» » qenes. pUkati - CBlCTaT^ 
nojibCK. jn$ft{$, piaJdqtko i^HMeHon); huarpini (qipHKan; aiirju 
to warble; warhler = lAuvh) h np. IlepyaHCKoe BexAOierie 
oLdau^ KOTopoe ynotpe^ifleTeir , Rorxa saiyDTCff na xoioa'^, 
lome npoHdODiio Ha ocHOBaHiff BBysonaApaxaTeibHou (cp. h rp«v, 
cA^Au^o? rpOMRO Kpuqy, BoniD, i/ioXtf/fxeg BoesjEqasie , Bpisi, 
.mr. e^^t^Zare^. HHTepecEHB npHiftpi spexcTaBJiHeTi h rnron 
ajajani (yHHpaTb), bi KOfopoii ocHOBa aj- (yABoeHHaa aj'^) 
Bupaacaen eatuhf Kpum Cq;a»HopTBHl; aj-ni-ni dopnotaTB — 
Markham, Quichua Grammar. 78— -79) cp. i rpew. ccid^09 ere- 
Ban, Boaxuxai), bodId o^i' — axi! rope! cuecy-fxcc B^uih. IlyMC^ 
BaaBBaoTCfl ao nepyanesH: airhitikUikhmfi^n^ ($yKB. xrjih 6ie- 
Hie, ABHsoHie (sirka = sua; BTopai ucn — BByRonoApasaTejiB- 
Haa) H Qpo9* 

§ 14. B'b flSHKaxi, wh BOTopsn cotfmAfteTCii copasH'bpHoeTB 
BosAy rjacBHKH H corjiacBHHBy HJiH so Tally FAt riacBHa ($0- 
pyri oepeBtci rbai corJiacHHiH ( vt6, KoaeqBO, eocTanjiflon ab- 
joBie BOCBMa p^ASOO ) , npaBnuni SByaonoApazaBia BpoaB.iaeT6a 
oco6dflHo w^ uaKODJieuiH rjasfluxi, bib bi HaHlpeBHOitb noA($o- 
pt rjiyxHXi BByaoB'b. Tauia aBjieaia ycHarpHBaDTCfl Bia8Hi&ax<b 
uuJiiiueaiScaHxiy xruiohbuxi muoihx'b Gorjiacflux'& a orpauavoH- 
fluxi Bo6ojibmBM'b BOJLuqocTBoai BBysoBi Bootfflie; BO ptAKO no- 
iiaAaDTca a <t)opMH yABooHBiia. IIpHitpH hsi raBTcaaro asaai: 
doa (jutarb, ntTb — o BtTyxt); a/u6 (spaqaTb^ BOSAHiaib — au- 
pasaoTi BacToaaioe BOcaiBqanio (ioifli HOBpiaTaaro ou(yfl(eHia i 
np.); oaoa (paAOCTb, BecemB); aua (raHiioBaTb); otioua (npH- 
raib, eaaaaTb); mauiui (rpacTHCbi ApouTb); awu6 (Apozarb); 
uuairao (rojy6b); tupai (yAaparb bi pyaH—cp. rpeq. rvir-r^ 
6bi), yAapax), aop. ru;r-, qemcs* dup-nouA=Yi^tfL. m&H'Hym%^ 
monmamt, Bear, dob-clni tSarb bi (Sapa6ani> dob ((apafiaBi a 
npo^.); i^t (apaqaib, BpasjuBBTb); puai (AyTb, Bftan; apoat 



SByROnOXFASiTSJIBBOil OJIOBA. § 14. 83 

Toro looTpetfjHeTCfl e pui hauhau eftflTb «-*o eixpt ); puponi 
(pasAyBaTb ofohb; CD^-se npiHaxjesHn: pupui hhshIS na- 
pycx, fnOy «mo Nady^aeino/i, cp. ManflcB. piiput=^xj'^hfhiKn); 
npuHtpu yABoeHU bi TaHTCiroMi aBus/k: vavau (rHBJioB, bohd- 
^il --- BocKjiiu(aBie OTBpaoieuiB); parapurau ( dojuyni, niTb — o 
BTHqai^i*; npocToe parau saaqHTi Mum^ taeopumt); rere (npa- 
ran), rufutaina (ipacTflCB); riri (cepAHT&ca — ynoTp6tij[fl6Tcii 
ocotfeuHo ^acTo bi yABoeafloit 4^opMi: nririrt). Hai TOHrcsaro 
aaHsa: totuto (to, 9to aanjLerb, Te^ien); tulu-ttdu (sanaBie^ 
instillation); Mu-ltdu (rpacTHy sawTB) h np. H bi> caBCspoT- 
esoii 43iiBt SBysonoApasaTejiBHHfl cjiobb npeACiaBJUDrb secBif a qa<- 
CTO 4^opMEi yABoeHHHfl; cp. Haup. kdakala (HBorocTopoHBil myii, 
BpHi&i); ghargharikd (uoC^BigmMf 6^6eBmaii; gharghara-CTjiLot^ 
bb); ghurghuraka (rJiyiJoao-jopTaHBEiB SByai: ein gurgdnder laut^ 
B6M. & Moth. Skrt. Wtb. II. 888); gadgadatva ( saHsaBie ); 
catdcatd (6pefl9aBB6 opysifl, CTysoTBa); §hanghana (crysi, 
(peaqaBbe); ghan^hd (myn Biipa, oaAaDqaro xosab); ghaita^ 
ghani (6pefliiaui6 AparoittBuocreB , kojiokojb^bbobi b npo^.)? 
ghar^hara (poA'b ($apa($aBa; ^har^hard B6noTpe(!Hafl seBBtBBa); 
tiritird (monoTbf myuiyBaB&e ); dundumdj (EZffin riyioB SBysi); 
harbara (.leiie^yB^iH; jar. balbutiens; rpeq. (ioi^(i»^os ^ysecTpaa* 
fluB, yDOTpd(!jiH»ii(iB HeBOBBTflHB BHpaseflia); Tcatdkatdj (capese- 
Wh ^C^}k^)\ phumphMd (o fflBotBiB Baaosaaro oraa); dindima 
(poA'b ($apa6afla). Op. apoil Toro eu^e cjftAynBua SBysoflOApasa- 
Te4bBHfl cjOBa Bi caflcapBTft: Mhdbdha (yp^aflbo vb sBBorfc), 
kcidhala (aflorocTopoBuiB spHai shbotbeixi hjiba6B); hrakaca^ 
(bbm); cUkara (icpBii'B, myai); cukkdra^ buJMra (^bbbbuB 
peBi); hukkafM (jiaaBbeX kd {06% oeiBBoa'b Kpaai); dhakkd^ 
(6oJbnioB($apa(!aH'B); dankrti (ryii, myai); drakata (tfapaSasi; 



1 Gp. •paiiq. claquet '^crymjo; icaaaflcK. gamaratak'^'CrjtiiyraMif cryiaeihf rpe« 
in»T». Marsden, Mai. Diction. 388, a. 
^ yABoeBBoe cioBO opeACTaiMjwrb BinaftcK. pAf-pM-^Gspmna. 

8 



cb noMon^bD EOToparo dyA^n cjuqan); ^ag^s^ (nieenHie boab) 
H np. Bi ceHBTHqecBuxi A3iiBau sByEaaoApazaTeJbBHB cjioBa 
BBUDTCfl o^eflb lacTO Bi i|»opBft yABOOHBiixi Bopflel, nOBTOBy 

Otfl BBXl tiyA6Tl yOOBAHyTO flB»6. 

§ 16. E^b paspaxy cjobi SBysoBOApasaTejiBBaxi DpaaaAJiesan 
fl TaBia, BOTopHB osBavanrb pasBUii j^BBiojorBqec&ia OTopaBJie- 
fliB ^ejKOBiBai KSLK%'TO'^HUxanv>i unamhf xnuKanub b np. Ilpa- 
MtpB: XMS-amh (h6 coctobti bb bi Basott cbbsbcb cyBi^eciBB- 
lejLbBHn xAnJ!z^ soTopoe BBpoqeai BpoBcxosAeBia Be eJiaBBBCsa- 
ro)y qemcB. eMamtati ('^lama =poTi, flopAa)| bojibck. chtapa6f 
BiB. scUappem; ^emcn. crkati^ srJcati (xietSaxb — cp. caHcap. 
srkkan — yrojrb pia), pyceu. HuxuyfM ^, uuxamh ^ BOJibcs. Jdch* 
nMf hkhacj oemcB. k^nouU^ kyK^aUf xops. ceptfos. ntjucnymu^ 
CBBCRp. 1^; DiBeftCK. prusta (bu nyaa^ aHrjr. to sneeee), 
BOBrepcB. tuseentf TypeiiB. akairmak^ flepyaflcs. acUni b ap, 
PyecB. 6piodQioamh^ 6opMomamh^ qemes. brumlatif mumlati^ 
skuhratif BOJbcs. mrucsec^ markotacj showyracy cep6cE. MpMn>a- 
fim^ fltv. murrm^ hrummen^ aarx, to hum^ to murmur^ mBOACK. 
mumlap Irwnma^ surra ^ BOBorpeq. acwovfl^oo ^ iJtovyK^l^(»*f 
BeBrepcE. morog, dSrmog^ (paHuyscB. murmurer^ grommderj 
rognoner^ marmotter^ a Tax* borbottare^ mormorare^ suaurrarOf 
hisUgliaref bcbbbcb. murmurary susurroTf grumr^ BepyaBCR. 
c^mniy cusnini^ eapeficE. mdrdh (ponraTb; cp. apa($CK. mar* 
mar- ($HTb cepAflTiiBi). Pjccb. uKamb^ unoma (BopoHb tk^ bxb 
co6cTB. Mk- cp. eaacEp. hikk)^ Baxopyc. b xyzBiiE. hikavka (bsotb), 
Mrx. hiccough (bsi EopBfl hik=hic b cough =KKmejii; o6t qacTB 
oSpasoBauu bb SByEonoApaxaiexbBOBi ocBOBaBix), mseJicE. Mcka^ 
ABTCB. hikke, hulke^ roxxaHACB. snikken^ hikken; qemcs* hekati 

> Ilpiw&pbi Bsi* 4peBHflro juudRa: PdV^akf^a^ fixv^ola {j6aaoKaBSuo, ycun- 
juK)); yoyyt/^w, yoiw (njamj^pwAAio), oXokvyTf (Bomb, rpoMKift icpHrb), pLop- 
fivpf^o) {mjuMioy, rirvf^u (noRaio, nnn^y, qqao^bo nteamunb— ^r/roa nreHeirfc, 
nBqyxRa); xaHi» (onjasHBaio, pu^iafo} h ap. 



8B]rK04I0JlPiXATSJIbHflfl OJIOBA. :§ 15. 85 

(b% aaavui eadu^amh; 8t^$Mii=6uTh (SdiuiHsii, eremTby ep» 
cnHCKp. Stan Bzxaxhn rpeq. trrhiOy (rreyd^a); ooibCB, &fJca6^ 
czkawha (^emes. tkytati^ skytmha^ sops. €ep6cK. s^Mca^i, sjei- 
cavica)^ aearepcs. csukUk (^p. anrJL to chuckle -^ xvLUCBSLn)^ 
Mieoffp Htai^nft. scJducham^ sciluken (pyccK. ficuHnnBaTii); 
^pafiO. ^«d< (cymecrBHTO) HCii. AiiM}, HOBorpeq. dvccKovKrov 
luci^m^ vepyaHes. Jcahu-am (cp« anrji. C(x<^A=KaarejiB) h up. 

GftOn ($H H'feKOTOpM I3T» npiB6AeHHHXl CJIOB'b Bl ^OpvW* 

flom OTfiOiDeHiH bh pacxoAHJiHCb, bo BCftzi saitTBO npoABJieflie 
OAMro H Toro*jKO np&fliiHna, HiieBHO BnpasaTb AaHiuiM riaroji 
BBysaiiHy ((jiHse Bcero noAXo;(fliQ{cn bi SByKaii HpHpoAHHxi* 
PasBOotfpaBie cooTBtTCTjMHBHXi ftopfleB OBaBHBaeTCA BecBMa ecTe- 

eTB6HHiI«l, aCAB OpHHflTb Bl C00($paSdHi69 VTO h% paBAHXl OTpaC" 
JflXl, BO ptAKO H Bl OTlllbHaXl CeXfcflXl OAHO8 H TOB-SB OT^ 

pacjuK oeTaeaBJEBaiDTCJi Ha oco6«hbo2 BBysoBoif rpytmi, coof- 
BiTCTByDBieB, no npflBATOMy BOSBpftflis), CBoevy HaBflaqoHii) Jiyq- 
me npoqan, bdsmojrhhxi bi btomi cjiyqaft, BoxoieBcoBi. Boil- 
moe pacnpocTpaaeflie BMierb h KopoHB Jdap (p:fcAKO kalp-J^ Kaai 
BBjKonoApasaTejbBHB BiOHeHTi, 03Haqai>ii(iB hsbIcthuB myiii; 
ep. pyccB. KJienamt (cDAa-se otbochtca xAon-^ymh^ xAon-arnhJ^ 
ifOJ[&cB. Jdepacy Jdapac ( bi Cftauft u^e^xam^ ayCamu)^ JUapaca 
(($0JiTyfli), qemcB. M^atif Jdapati (cp. h ynoTpe($ueioe ft'b 
npocToptqiB Mapajzna—fon); cep6cK. fCAanamUf KAenamuj 
KAmemamu (^K4efiai^=BopoHucjio y KOJioaoia), jyxHiiK. Uepa6 
(Jdapora CTyBa4i»ii6, hojiotobi; kiapac vo dtir/a =CTyqaTi>c£ bi 
AHepB)^ ($ojr« KAenk, cjouhhck. iJej/aft (UepetuUja — eryisajio 
T^emoTKa, HtH. Mapper^ qemca. rektacka^ noiiiCB. grzechotka)^ 
Jdapovusnica (onjieyxa; Bop. Map^ jAapiTb, h t;«Ao= jxo); Bin. 
Mopfen (eiyqaTBCB), Mappen^ Uappern (cTyqaib), rojiaucB, 
klap (y^api), Happen^ (oiyk'bTb, x.iooarb; Jdappe^en coBep- 



> 4p* rpe*iecK. nXolxui (AepeBOBHue (SaiimaKn). 



86 SByKonoxPiSAHix. §§ 15—16. 

joeHHO cooTBtTCTByen pjccic. KAenamt^ n eiHcrt KAeeemamhf 
cp. JETOBCB. Jdap6ti=ueB^nrh) J Uapperman (ho^hoS cto- 
posi), aBTJiillcE.to dap (uonan), c2K&(xy((HHaX AaTCB. Hap- 
pen Uappre^ nxBOACB. Uappa^ Uappra^ i^fi^m,. daguer (sop* 
Mak" c^ nepexoxoHi ry6HoS wb ropTaHHyn, ep. dapotis Baio^ 
yxapeBie bojthi; h^^h. Uatschen—iJiomn); BTajr. colpo (yjiapi), 
HcnaBCB. golpe (ci nepecTanoBBolf njraBHoK)| Benrepcs. kalapdl' 
^i (yAftp'Tb EOjioTKOHi), kdlapaes^ (hojiotobi). On Toro-se 

ROpHil, no BCe8 BipOHTHOCTH, npOHCXOAHn H pyeCB. XAOfhOmU^ 

(KAen- xjum- xAon- «yAapiiTB», bi nepenoesoKi eiHcxi, npnv- 
HflTB satfoTy; cp. jetobcb. Tdapaih — uonora; TaRHWxe ny- 
T6KI no npHRi(Hny o^pasoBaeo ^emcB. trampoty=X3LmQtu^ on 
BopHfl tramp=trapi monmamb cp. nil. tramp-dn^ aarJi. to 
tramp pyces., npocToiiap. f^paiiMj^m^ — ylATH, Hc^eanyn, Hcna- 
pHTBCfl). GvAa HOSHo I OTHOCTH, eBpoBes. Jcdeb (cotfasa on 
H6ynoTpe((M6Haro *Me& — jajin), nepcBACB. keOhUdn (apa($cR. 
X;a25af4m— sysBe^EHfl ueniHy mvniiH), kalap (=kd€p OTHqiS 
vjDBx; H pyccB. KMe-amt ((escoHBftHHO npHHajijrexHn bi Toiy- 
xe Bopni), tfnTB loxen, HjiBT0BCB.&If«jp-<i=q6nicB. Uapyt-nau- 
ti^ cnOTBByTBCfl) H np. 

§ 16. Ha-cBOJiiBo OTjiib;flBHse sayBv, coeTaBJBDmie cjobb SBy- 
BonoApasaTejibRHiTy pacxojtflTCfl bi abhbhxt, npnuBaDmsx'b bi 

paSEHHl OTpaCUMl, BHAHO 131 COnOCTSBJieHifl CJiAyDQIXl BH- 
TaBcBHXl 1 eOOTBiTCTBynniBX'B HHl laHAZypCBBX'b CJTOBl (BCTpi- 

^aoBBX^ vh BHTatcK. Si-Mng n n MaHAzypeBon nepeBoxt'): 
kiao'Jciao (noApaxaen ntmn u'lTyxa), hbhas. Achor -dehor; 



^ MaiaftcK* gagcMdin (MOjOTorb) Toxe cjobo ZBjKoaoAptaanejaaoe, xotb ocro- 
Boft eMj cjijansTb Apjroft KopcHb; Tarb h cyoiecTBBT* guiggdng (rpenymiea, 6pfl- 
iiyiiiKa)j B gdhg (ROjOKOjTb). 

^ CpaBBeBno ci> rpe«iecK. ;k;«A€T^( (rpj^ufi^ o6peiieBBTeibBuA) imnaerb pac- 
DopaxeBie cocraei o(k>ioJuuxi» rjULcavkTb* 
' 5repA. Endlichcr, Chines. Gramni* IL 355— 35& 



SBySOnOXPiSATIJ&HBfl OIOBl. § 17. 37 

9M-S8W (myn, npoBSBOAHiHl pasKaxoai spajBOBi ahbbxi ry- 
€6l) — MBBAS. cheb'Ckeb^; lin—lin (myn B080B^, ctjbothii 
WMWh H Dp.) HaflAz. hungur''1cungur ue e% HSMftBeHieHi 
rjacHoI BO BTopoMi uohii hungur 'hangar; ciang-ciang 
(6penaB&e ittnoiOKi h sbobi koiobouwkobi), mbbas. hUing- 
MUng (flecpEBB6flB0 Bipflte — cp. h jbAm. Jdingdn — d^omn^ 
Pjccb. HOAOKOMf ^f^n. cHquctis ^ aflnilCB. cUnkf rouaBACs. 
Jdmken sbobitb, ottja^ Minher=vMCEM=wjl!i%f BOTopHi caa'b 
BBeam i np.); ibdn— jfcdii (sbjbi tfapatfaaa), bbbas. tung'^ 
iung I up. 

§ 17. OeotfeBHHH aBJieBia npHHi(BDa SBjBODOApasaBifl npoA- 
«T3i:aaDn HBorie aiepflBaflCBie othbi, bi BOTopaxi, Kaai bb- 
BtcTBO, npeotfiBAaen Tsni cui§memuHecKiH ^ BCJitACTBie boto- 
paro MflorociosflHB cjioaa AOCTiraDTi iBorAa fleo((HBHOBeflBan 
pa3itpoBi. Ha-BBAopssy npiB6A6n SAicBHicBoiBBO npnipoBi 
■31 MeBCBsaflCBaro h nepyaacBaro abbbobi, BOTopae, no dorai* 
cTBy cioffb ■ pasBHTOiy opraHBBiyi lesAy aiepHBancBBMB saBH- 
mvtm nepBeBCTByDqia B^ia. H BAtcs noBTopeaie conacBBXi 

■BBtCTBBXl paspiIAOBl COCTaBUOTl OAH/ HBl riaBHBXl npHflBA- 

aesBOCTefi cjiobi SByBonoApaxaTeibBBXi. Bi leBCBKaHCBon a- 

BBEt van^e Bcero noBTopjnotcfl ropTaBBBB ■ toti seonpoAiJieH- 

* 

bbI BByai, BOTopflB, ociOBBBaacb| cyAB no aaaiorifl Apyraxi a- 
8BB0BI (flanp. HaialcBaro)| sa Bdro^aoii npoBSHomeflia sytfaa* 
ro df cjysmocBOBol onpeAftJieBBaro ueBa^ npaatpB hobto- 
peaia corjiacflBX'b wb ejioaaxi BByBODOApazaxeibBBXi *: okakaia- 
hah (npom. apea.: ((pefl^axo, CTyqajio); okakapakak (oei no- 
CTysaaaji ly^^jaxB); okokotokak (obo paaopaaao); tetatatakojan 



^ Gp* TOBrcK. kappa • kappa — Csm, paaMazHBan spuibflifii* 

^ . "tl, ' tli : tC'tl ( saMeBL ), teo-tl ( Eorb ), tenanhdahuorll (npeAirscTM), <o- 

kaitl (mu), nakaztli (jxo), amatlakuiloUaneltiliZ'tli (nacuieaHoe o6flaaTeju- 

CfBO) B np. 

> Gp. Buschmann, Abbdlg. Akad. Wissensch. Berlia, 1853, 688 a cjiu. 



38 8ByBonaAPAmHiB.§l7. 

# 

( RaieHOjauir ) , JcmilatecmUitMinemi (TacBaTuur, x<u.Rn JC&- 
BJiBo); mikakakuakak (i cumo olSesDOBOBBaicfl ). npHKipuBS- 

KOOJiefllJI TOSAeCTBeBBHSk HIB BBC^U CpOABlIXl SBJKOBi: Ug^ 

kuitlaUa^i (pa&i oeBo(k)SAeB<flH8 ); UatiatldlUpeJiudliatU (ocbo- 
Baflie^ HaqajEo), UaUaUamantUUiatli (pasJiBqie, pasJinqeEP ), <2a- 
fZa^aZjpi^^itiSie (BiaaBsa ApoBi). Gnoeo(>flocTb neKeBsaHCKaro 
i3Hsa &% od^aaoBaaii) uHoroejnosBHXx cjobi eiHTeTnec&Hii 
njT6M'b BOoGoie qposBa^aBflo Bensa; uobsi cocToan^ia isi abcj- 
TH an Aftse (SoA&me (uuoroBi bobcb ae p^sH, cp. Banp. na-Uazo- 
mahuizteopisJcataein (noHmenuuii wnev,% — otfpamaacb a^ APT* 
roij JUB^y); otma^aiwiJoZi^Am^fei^Iadtla&t^fli (BiucoBBa AeHBrM); 
mJiuiitlnlmqjc^^ (poAi^ pacTeaia) b np. 

Bi oTJiaqie on aaBCflficaBeaard asHaa nepyaHoaiS cjiamerB^ 
ejioBa Aueao ae vh tbrbxi pasaipaxi) xota cnoeo^i doseaia 
ejioBi B baIcb aecBaa caoeotfpaseai h sayaoaol cocTaai hbo- 
raxi* CJIOB'B eBpoaeScaoHj Boroaopy Aoasafli BoaaBaTBca a^bojii- 
BO saTpyABBTOJiBBBHiy TaKi-aasi BO HHoria cjioaa BBeAeao aecBMa 
tfHCTpoe qepeAOBaaie mfebxi coriacaHXi vb nacBHaa. GAoaa 
orpBflawBa»Tca atb KpaBaeaii cjiywl 7 a 8 CJioraip; npaaitaai 
BByBODOApavaTeiiiBaro ejEOBOo^pasoBaaia apoaajiaeTea bo anoraxi 
eaoBax^y cpaan. aanp. mpcuni (cocan); ppampani (noapiiTF, 
noxopoBBTik); mmma (AaKaayTRa); fniA^itfni(DpHrjian]aTBtcn); 
huanhkajruhuasi (yJieH, poeBsa); huacua (AaaiH rycb); hdhuan- 
cani (tfopaoTBTby poBTau); hahkaUlo (coBaa, Aaxeji); cum* 
kuni (AposaxB, rpacTBCb); cokMlapokkoci (Bedojbniaa ntb^na 
BTBiia — cpasB. A^aai^apcs. colens nrai^a); cmcmA (^flpaaarb); 
cUlUliUini (noTiffb); hkatatani (c&jeseTaTb 8y($aaa); huikuini 
( BacBHCTHaaTb ); jacapajakkakka (otroiOCb^ dxo); kkununtmun 
(BeaieTpaceflie); kkamamamaikkkaUaUalhm {jBtLom^ aja zeBq,HHa 



^ 3to cjobo, coo6aieBRoe Hernandez-oirb, no mhi>i iio Byumaiia, vh aancibnux^ 



y A B K H I I. § 18. 80 

vh lymerb Bospaerk); ciuimuimci (cBHCTH^iff Btop'B— airj. air 
whistling) i np. 

npiB6AeHHH6 xocejil npnipH m paBBSzt orpaeieli xora 
cocTaBJADn eotfcTBeHBo Be8BawT6iBHyn ^lacTB OTBoean^aroca CDAa 
larepiaia, loryn ffiih BteoTopoe DoiaTie o Heo((HBBOB6BHon 
paenpoeTpaHOHiH 8ByKonoApaxaT6nHHX'& diaioHTOBiy osasHBan- 
Qixca lasn^b o((pa80i:b oahihi hb^ naBiHxi loieHTOBiy noBiiiiB«- 
mm aa DepBOflauxBioe o($pa80BaHi6 ciobi. 

n. yABoxHix. 

§ 18. BropoS npHHitHn'B, sa aoTopoai ocHOBBBaerca aecBU 
iHoroucjieHHtiB paspax'B ciwh^ ecTB ydeoenie; oho BCTptqaerca 
BesAtf H aaiiBii, xocTHrmie Keo((HSHOB8BHoB ereneHH $opiaiB- 
Baro coBepmeacTBai hhcbojibbo le qyzxaDTca ero, ho otfpasoaa- 
TOJibHHn ajoHeHTon ciobi caHOCToaTejBHHX'b oho aBjaoTca 
qaqe b*b asBBaz'b nepBaqflaro, vlkvh BTopaqsaro o($paaoBaHia, 
iHorxa Aase h sasi BieaeHTi neTo-rpaaiaTHqecKiV. Qcjih se 
vh BocBMa paaBHTBXi aBBKaxi npiBi^iini jABOOKia ropasAo ae- 
B'be nponaAUBaen, to bto npoacxoAin HepiAEO on Toro tojbko, 
VTO yABoeeHHa ^^opaa aoAaepraxHCb bi Teqeeia Bpeaeaa ($ojie 
BBaiHTeJiBnHxi aaatflefliaaiy Taax-aaai vi tfojibmaacTBi cjrjqaeBi 
ynaAaoa!b a aeBaxeBieai BByBoaaro cocrasa ot^ycjoBxaBaetca pasan* 
Tie caaaro asBsa. S^Ixb, cb soTopoD npocTBO sopea hxh oioaa yABoa- 
ama, aosoTi (Sbtb aecBaa paBHOOt^padHa, ao acerAa Tasoe yABoe- 
Hie npoHBBOAHT'b HsaiHeHie bi BHaqeaia cjiobb. Maoria cjoaa ai 
yABoeHBOi ^opx'b aatDTi Baaqeaie yeaieflia, Apyrio aopHH yABo- 
aDTCB HM Bupaxeaia HHosecTaeHHaro qacia ( Taa'b oco((eHHO ai 
asBsax'B nepaaqHaro otfpaaoaaHia hjib b'b tAxi, fa^ ycxaipiiBa- 
OTca qpesBBqaiao HOAOCTaToqaoe pasBarie; npaalpa Toay npa- 
BeAOHB HHse), aaae oaaTB ai aaAy yqaqeaia BBpazeaaaro npo^ 
CTBn aopaea'B Ai'cTBur, HAaoTopse am otipaBOBaaia coaep- 
meHHo aoaaro noaaTia. Bci btb aBataeaia ai saaqeHia aop* 



40 y A B I H I I. g 19. 

BeS OBasmaoTeji bi pasHuxi OTpacjaxi amsevif ae eiorpfl 
Ha OTBOcvTejrBHjn hxi tfiiHoen $opHi ii.ih cjoni, hjth se Ha 
nojiHoe pasBHTie aTim-xe sjieMeHTOB'b. hshkh. 0% APjroB CTopo-, 

BH, H8% CpaBBeHia HSHSOBI HpOCraXl Cl CJ0XHH)IH BHXOAHn, 

qro B^ asHEau ei opraHHSiOHi BeeiosHaMi jABoenie nrpaen 
tfojiie BasHjD poiB, ^n b% asHKaxrb, otfjiaxaiDniHXi nojiHBH'b 
paBBHTievB: bi nepBHxi BertxcTaie yABoeaia npocTHxi sopneB 

otfpasyDTCH He pftAKO HOBHH CiOBa, bo BTOpaXl 0<(HSHO&6HflO y- 

CHJiHBaeTeji SHaqeHie. pacnpocTpaaeHiH npHHi^Hna yxBoeniji bi 
rjaBHHXi OTpacJiHxi aoryn CBHA'bTejibCTBOBaTb HHse-DpHBeAOH* 
HHO npnlipH, npH qeu aojisbo otfpaTHTb BHHMaHie Ha OTHome- 
Hie yABoeHHHxi sopHel h cjobi ri j^opHajibHOij pasBiiTiD HBHsa. 
§ 1 9. L npgHipB HBi HSHEa KumaikMfo. BciiACTBie yABoe- 
Bin npoHcxoAHn SAtci Hep'bAKO coBepmeHHO hobbh noHHTiir, co- 
CTOirqiH OAHaKo o((uRHOBeHHO B^ CBHBR CI RopeHHsn cjioroxi; 
spoMib TorOy HOcpeACTBOHi yABoenia ycHJiHBaeTCH SHaqesie ffLnusL- 
TO RopHjr; piAKo ihidb BCTptva»TCii Taain yABoeRHUH j^opxs, 

rA% TpyAHO RJH BeBOBKOXHO OTHCRRTB CBflSE Cb ROpHeXl. Op. 

cu (m4cto)— cfl-cw (MtcT0*H4cT0=tfe3df5^; U (BpeMfl)— si-si 
( BpeMH-BpeMa= sceida^; hing {jifificfBOMn)—hing'hing (anep- 
rH<iecKil, A^TejifcBHB); mdn (jtAbrbhS, leAJieHRQfi) — mdn'^mdn 
(nocTeReHHo); vdng (hath) — vbng^vhng (aesAi, co($ctb. «ffy()a 
Hu xodui^)\ tan (tojbro) — tan-tcm (tojibro, eARHCTeeRHo); 
ci (bojrhB) — 8i'Si (oveRB cnpaaeAJiRBOy o^eaB Btpao — hoiho 
HOJiflo); cUb (cTapmaa cecrpa) — di-ci^ (6apumHH — yABoeHnoe 
BHpaseBie BaMipeRaaro uo«iTeBia); niang (HaTpoea, Aana) — 
niang^nia/ng (RopojieBa, to eCTB daua daMz^ aarpoHa, Aana 
no npeHxyniecTBy ; op. aiirj. 2^6;i=RopoieBa, ROTopoe co(icTF.eH- 
Eo BHaqRTi tmeumufiaf TaRi-RaRi queen ^oReniiecRH r no ap^b- 
Heny BHaieHiK) cOBRUAaerB ci AaTCR. kane^ mBenc&. qvinna^ caucRp. 
^ana^ gant^ AP*-0ojir. a^eNa); kn ( Tepoiaie ) '— m - i^in (bo* 
TepnftJHBHB, HHiocepAHB; sHa^eRie yABoeRuaro caoaa up«o opo- 



y A B B H I i« § 20. 41 

Tnonojosno BopaseHiiD npocTaro sopHfl). Bi cjitAynuiB^i» co- 
^eTaaiaxi Be nporjaAHBaen boho BBjTpeHHBfl cbbsb lesAf y- 
ABoeBBOB) ^pHol H flpocTiin KopaeHi: ting (sepTBeBBsl co-. 
ejAi) — ttngting (o($mvpBHl) paBHOAyBiBHB, (SesaevuEiS); mang 
{Eojioei) — mang -mang (oiSmflpAHB, npoeTpasBHB; 6uTh ho- 
xen on toro, qro inaii^-iiicm^ co6cTB6Bflo BBpaxajio liMSTO, 
FAft n^iiBiaeTCfl ijA&h^ obbhi =» atoTO apocipaBHoe ) ; 16 ( cnyc* 
SBTica, flOTepan)— Zi$-{o (He mahtb); A;^ ( nteaa, ntaie, nin— 
cp. iUorrisofiy Chin. Diction. I. 626 , a, b) kd-Jcd {emapmit 
€pam%j vh dtfpameHia ai KOMy, MUMcmueuii tocydaptJ) a np. 
§ 20. IL Bi jMAaitcKoU OTpaeia bi otiaiapaoai caHCit eio- 
Ba (aatcTt ei noiBHesiBcsBaM asHaaxH) yABoenie npoBOAeBO ro- 
pBBAO doMhme^ qtaB bi a3UK2(xi oabocjiosbeix^, aata ho p'bA- 
BO yso 3HaqeHie HacToaoiaro rpauHaTaqecsaro xapaaTepa; Taa^ 
Hanp«y Bi €0(ScTB6BHO-]iajiaBcaoai EmvAf oho victo cJiysan bu* 
paxeHieai anozecTaeHHaro wcia: bdpa {oTen'b) — hdpa'^hdpa 
(OTKs); oran (qejroKta'b) — ^an-dran (jidab); ddj^an (At- 
Byaiaa) — d^jan-ddjan (nl^h^mnn); rUma (aoii)— ritma-rtiina 
(Aoaa) a np. QaorAa BcitACTBie yABoeuia opo^cxoABTi a eoBep- 
flioaao BOBHB cjiOBa: mMa (mMah=^Aevisil)^ mMa-muddhdn 
(ierao-aerBO=Jii{KMicem« 6umh; no npaniiany ex BTaai cjioaoa^ 
eoBepmeaao coBQaAaen a^ba. mdleiekt^ tfyaa. aaaoro ierao», <^p. 
M nhVM. perhaps^ BHpazaioa^ee ^^lepeai 6Jiyqaa»— ^Aoj)— e-iyqaB, 
€p« miss'hap nec^a.THHB ciy^aB); Idba {humv^d^Th) -^Idba-ldha 
(nayai; OTBOin^Hie npocTaro rjiarojia ai yABoenaoB j^opa'b tox- 
£o; BO Bcaaoai cjiy^at dro coieTaiiie aeJibaa cqaTBTB npoas* 
BOJiiBHai); gUlt ( fleaaBHAtTb, nin on^nm,me)'^giUt-gUlt 
(noqsa); ai as^at aana: havan (o($.iaKo) — havmhavan^ (bos- 
Ayz'b, BedocEJfOHi, cjftA* o6MHHoe npocmpaucmeo) a np. B^ 
laaaBcRoai aaaaft BCTpftqaeTea inoro cjiobi AaycjioxHHX'B, co- 
eToan^axi aai yABoennaro OABOCJioxHaro aopaa; Taaoe yiBoeoie, 

> Buschmann, Laogues des lies Marquises, 163, J^ 65. 



42 7 A B K H I S. § 20. 

Dpovcnre^^nree, no-RiTAiriovyy yxe n eame xp^Biiie nepioAir, eo« 
CTOHiTB vh noiHon coriaciH ci rtHi o((cTone.fBCfBox^, tto 9» 
Ton flgon npeAeraBJiflerB Ten's npeHaymecTBesHO xBfciosHHf, 

TaiTB-YTO CJOBl OAllOCJIOXHtlX^b B^ Heil OiieHb HO IBOPO*; B^ 

TftBHM^ yXBOCRBBMi cJiOBaM'b npHHA^uesaTi Hanpirwbp^: fcilM 
(bobsto), Wu (lMuh—v^si^h\ s^H (toiioKo; ciOBo gBjRoiio- 
ApasaTOJi&Hoe; ep. pyccR. cacamt^ ^^panit. sucer^ddda (rpyAB), 
ptpt (BieKa)y mdma (amasl hjih Teisa c^ oritOBCEoI cropoHH); 
sM (bosjtI, (fjCRSBo y), hdbA (eeBapocjciS chhi SRarHoff oco6h, 
oeoGeHHaeBponeffipi-^ffBjiycr. bdbd; Jfor^e^en, Mai. Dictioiiv29^yb.)r 
/(^l (locTi), cdcd (ciOR. flBaHCK.; cevelcTBO, AOi^oiRee X03)t9- 
CTBo), ciicf) BJiB c(c( (BHysi,^ RjieMirHHBBi ; anc^'McA-hU^ 
npaBByRfl), kdka (crapmiS (pan bjib cecTpa), cincin (koji&iio) 
B np. %o Tada cioaa hotjih npoBsoBxTH ho laa^e, ubi bci^a* 
CTBie y^BoeHia Bpocxaro Bopaa, (HSMCHHeTCJ yse asi npnQina 
CJoroo^ipasoBaHiH Boo(in^e, no KOTopoiy ABycJiosHsR hjh bhofo- 
cjosauf THiFB (K^paaoBEJica hbi OAflocjioxBaro (bto oeo((eBBo bvx- 
HO H^i ceiBTmecBol orpacjcB, va^ mroAHHe BopaH npaaujiLBO 
npexcTBBJiajiH thbi OAROciazBHily h Tonso Bi-nocJitACTiH pas- 
BUHO& ABycjfOBBHe, novon^BE) npHcraBBH npatfaBO^HHX'B sayBOBi, 
yXBoeflia BopeaeHXi, o6HBflOB6BBo BOBeniixi corjacHnxir, a npo^« 

B^ CaECSpHTft BCt JJiaBHEie BOpBB COCTOBTl EVb OffiOVO TOJIBKO 

ciora). IIoaoShhhi odpasoHi yABOflH>TCfl cjioaa h bi Tftxi asa- 
Ban, BOTop&re coctoati bi (^jrHsaSmexi poACTB'b ci laaaBcBHVb; 
cp. cjtAyDiitie npBMftpH hbi Aaaa^Karo asHsa^ (aa soTopoxi 
roBopari sHTejE ocrpoRa Bopneo): pirA (cbojtbko) — pird-pird 
(HBorie); hqjak (ci, aatcTt)— ^/a-Ao/aA; (bc4 coeoKynBo); 
soiake (nefBui) -^Bola^olake (cnepi^a, cBa^.ia); tatap (roro* 



* vdng (4eHbrB) , brt {AMh), kring (cjxoft), kras (TaepAwi), kris (on* 
MSLXh) y.np. H ZA^bch vspoffrao OABOcjoxeocTb npoacio^mja DCwVMCTiiie coxpa- 
meaifl ABycjioxHbix'b cjiobi* 

< A C. (^. if. Gabel&Uz, Gramm. d. Dajak - Spcache, Ldpaig, 1858^ IS— 16* 



¥ 1 B s fl I s. § 2L 43 

BBi)^-tata-t(Uap (npHroroiiUTb); HH«ri.a vb yuoemnzi eio- 
nxi qepeAjDTCH rucHSfl: laiaMcs. gSHng (KaTarB) — auibcs* 
guiang^gaiimg (BajflTBea, KaTaTbca), ■&'• sartrng (HanaAan)— 
xaffscK. mraJ!;-^roi (noonpaTb, ABRran) h np. Bi ^^atw (pas- 
nee yTpo) jaboohi nepBuf toubo tian^ Tasi-Bani npoMoe 
tMx^w^gevu (yipo). , 

§ 21. Bi iiojiHHesiteBHX'B aaHsaxi noTpe($HOCTB »*& yABoemp 
oniyivuiaeB ee aeHfte, xaai vi co(ScTBeHiio<*iajaBcBoB OTpacxv* 
Caofia I 8AicB npeHiymecTBeBHo cooTOfln wh AByx'B cjioroBi, 

BO IHOTHXl H SAtCB DpOFJIflAHBaerB npHBI^ni CJ0B00(ipa80BaHia 

m OABocJiosfluxi Bopfleily tski aanp. tohfcb. huhu (mojobo) 
DpeACTaBJiaeTi yAHooBayi) ^pay sopaa hu^ BapasaDjQaro %pifdh 
H MOAOKO (KBAes. nunUy nono thtbeb), cp. KapK438aHCB. 1m 
(iiTBKa), TaRTeB. H laop. te (bi tbhtcbohi asBKt Toze bi^ 
BfiaqofliH MOAOKOj TorAa-BaK*B bi asuKft Maopi mojioko BHpa- 
jtaeTM q^peai t;a;-Atf bxh vaj-u^eoda mumMcu). TonrpB^ 
%ii%« eooTE!bTCTByen BecBva TO^ao lajiallcB. sitaA, BCJiiACTaie 
^ero yABoeitie ia;3aiIcKoB ^opliu h31» cpocrara $f|r BBJUieTca Be* 
combIbbubi* CjOBy kai-Jm^ncmh (B^ iBKOoiflcK. assBt) wh 
ocTBjiuiBxi cpoABUxi BBUKaxi cooTBticTByen npocToe hai {b% 
ABHEaxi BOBosejaHACBOn'b, vapReaaHCROiii, papoTOBra — * TorARr 
KaBi El TaiTCBOxi B ci'BABRqcKOM'b RRBBaxi oT(SponieBa ropTAB- 
eaa: tU). GeaABR^cB. vavae (jambe) npoRsonuro. m% vae-vae 
( DpeACTaBiRDi^aro ({^opiiy papoTOHrcs. aaHBa, BHpasanmyi) no- 
ia; vh HOBo^BejaHAOB, a^uvi^ vae-vae SHawin jambe); npocToe 
vae B% TOMi-se BHaqeuiH ynoTpetfjaeTcii h% TOHrcs. asuBt 
(vae=^Ha%a)^ bi amvA THBooia (vai)^ lapBeaaBCBoii'b r up. 
3% HOBoaeiaBACB. h TaRTcaoHi RBjaaxi opocroe uma saaqBTB 
iopju)^ tpydtf TorAa-BBBi bi^ papoToarcB. i cenARR^cB. rbh- 
Baxi oBasHBaeiea yABoeHeaa 4^opMa: uma^uma. B% asBBaxi 
DOiRReailcBRXi yABoeflie o6HBBOBeDHo HMiei'B to RBaqeHie, wso 
cjoaa Vb OTBomeBUi bi spocxoHy wipnn no. OMBCjqf oyn^ecifiaH'- 



44 7 A B I H I B. § 21; 

HO lartHflDTCir, hih noJiy«iaDTi osoHqaTeibiio ;(pyroe saaqeiiie; 
A0Ba8aT6.TbCTfi0ii Toxy HoryTi ciyxHi^ cjAhjwb}^ npnipu: 
HB'b TaHTCtcaro iiaiiBa: po (noHh; To-se bi JisHKt papoTOHra h 
Naopi, TorAa^sas'E b^ asHsli TOHra bo SHaqHn dem, cp. Jlfa^ 
riner^ Account.. •• Tonga Islands, n. Append. )—a5o&o (m 
*a'popo)^3a6mpa (co^ctbohuo detb uoHUy c^HTan nporaexmyi) h 
cj'bAynn^yi) Hoqb; noji»:He3ile^:ie HapoAH Boo6nie c^STaDnno rotoii, 
a He lio Asaai *); ahi (otoub) - ahi-ahi (Beqepx, to octb Bpeiiii 
Korxa aasfiraDrb ofuh); ara {6K%rhf OTspHTb riasa)— ar<r- 
ara (npo6yAHTB; yjBoeHie npBAaen bi 8tohi> cjiyqai cpoAHOiy 
rjiaroiy SHaqenie npaqBHiiTeiBHaro); ere (t6hheiR)—* ere-ere (qep- 
Hi]8=BecbMa TeiHHl); hinu (Macjio)&jnu*Amu(xacj[o-Macjio= 
ejiaeaf amAUHuuii; CBHSb anxi anaqeHiity no Bcei BtpoffTHOCTH, 
TA, qio HO BOBsptHiflii TysoHi^eB'b, qft» qei OBiK!b ((ojibme aa- 
MaaaHi MacJion, qtx^ tfojbme tfjienierB hhi, lim on (tora- 
qe H 'Awh BHaTBte); tnau (spftndi, onp6AiJieHHHfl)--m(m- 
mau (MsejHB, tfyss. ABa paaa apisKiB); Tasi h mora (cy- 
xoi, TBepAHS) — maro-maro (txsojibB); miri (BHA'bTby cio- 
Tp'bTb) — miri'fniri (ysasHBaTb — bi cmhcjA sacraBHTB bha'^tb; 
H BAtcB BCJtACTBie yABoeHifl rjarojii npHBHiaerb asaqeaie opH- 
qHHHTOJibHoe); moe (cnaTb) moe-moea (chhtmHi Hitrs chobh- 
Atnie, eotfcTB. sptnEo cnaTs); o-tiana (nonpHrEBaTB;iMi=iipM* 
tamtf CKaKamibj oqesHAHO, otSpasoRaHO hb ocaoBaHiH SBysonoApa- 
sarejiBBOMi, Bupasan nepBonaqajiBHO BpaqaTB, JtHsoBarBi sa-rbHi 
npHraTB on paAOCTn); ua (aosab)— f«a-ffa (xH^a; cbhsb ne- 
noHHTHa — ee hosho o($iircBHTB BtKOTopHMi otfpaaoiHi pasBt tofab, 
ecjH BpoBB cpaMHUBBTB CI AOXAOMi); jparat^ (cjiOBO, aauiciy ro* 
BO^jLTh) ^paraparau ((SoJTyo'B, ntxB — o HTHi^axi ); jnri ( npi- 
Ba3aTBCH)'-jnn-jpiri (ejih bi cospanieHHOii BiiA'b- pipiri'^ 
CKynaU^ ca^A* bto npHBasBBaeTCii si A^HBran, (SorarcTay s 



^ Buschnuum, Aper^u . . . lies MarqubeS| I769 npior&q. 



y X B I H I I. § 2L ~ 45 

up.); rima (pjRa, naiei^iy BBpasaen rose uciiTejiBHoe iMim^ 
rima-rma (najbi^H; yxfioenie bi otoxi npHMtpi npocTOiy cy- 
mecTBHTOJiBnoMy npBAaen SBa^enie iHoseCTBeHHaro wcia); tai 
(lope)— toi-tof (cojib, ropBKil; cbjtsb aTHXi noBirrifl ABCTBeH- 
Ba); f;era(TeDj[Hif, xe^iB)— f;era t^eraCBapHTB'^sotAtjaTB Bptaso 
Tenjuan^) h np. Bi HtoOTopHX'B yABoenHUXi <|^opMaxi wmu 

OtfUGBHTB CBilSB BXl CB npOCTUMl EOpHOllly BJIE DOTOXy, ^TO 

BBaqenifl cihiosohi pacxoAaTca, hjih vto ero ae coxpaBuocB h 
OBO u»n HeH?BicTBO, Hanp. ori-orio (yBHAaTBi 8aBflHyTB)HpoeT« 
ari=:maH^oeamh (sAtcB, B'bpojiTHo, saxAoe nndim cjobibob- 
BOABTM Ki coBepmeoHo paaiiqHHiii no nepeoHaqajiBBOxy si-a- 
4eBi» BopflflHi, TaKi'saK'b 06% o(SiircHeBiH CBasH Mexxy hhkh 
B«JB8ii H noxHmjiaTB); hai-hai (omn aetfoiBmoff, apoxoTEuK; 
BBaqeBie upociaro Bopna BOHSBtcTHo; BtpoflToo hat aaaqHio ne- 
6aA%moU); neo-neo (bobhtb); oa-oa (paAOcn; Bspasaen, no- 
BBjiiioHy, cioBo aBysonoApaxaTejiBHoey xoth aoaiieHie npociaro 
oa flefl8BftcTH0); umi-um (dopoAa); pine pine (qacro); tei-tei 
(BHCOKil^ mio-fnio (xopQHHa) h np. 

npixipH Hdi flSHsa TOBra, caxaro tforararo b paaBBTsro 

xesAy nojiRfleaiRcBBXR: a bongihangi (paarpa; RopeBB ho^ cp. 

a-5tf»«c6roABJi bo^bd, em eerojiBH Beqepom>; bo ^^opxiaro 

CIOBO cooTBiTCTByerB TBHTCKOHy abdbo); hula (ooABEHaTBCir, Ba- 

AHiaTBCii) btda-hda (onyxojiB); hulo (noRpHTB, saspHTB) hulo' 

hdo ( nospHBajro ); fata- fata (rpyAB, rpyARoB oeraBi; fata^ 

Aoesa, apyci); fia-fia ( yAOBOJiBCTBie, paAOCTB;/ia=HyxAaTBCir, 

aaiiTB; yABOOBBan 4^opMa Exften aaaqeRie npBxo npoTRBono- 

joxBoe); lu4u (co?^, ciobo— SByBonoApaxarejiBfloe); fUi-ftli (bei- 

4ipaTB; ycBaHBaeTi aHaqeaie npocTaro fili^ cooiBtreTByDmaro 

laialcB. mem-pUih); hoi (pbbtb, pisarB) Aai-AaiCpasopaaTB^ 

pacTopaaTB); td-td (iojiotoki; noApaxaen aByay; npocroe 2(1=3 

41TB9 cp. bbt. ta 6btb, yAapnTB^ hina-hina (((IuieiS; lai b1- 

lOTopuxi BBaieBiBi rotophb RxtOTi npocToe Aina , tfjiRse Bcftxi 



46 y X B I H I E. § 22. 

CDAa ffOAXoxm aeiA^V» eoerajpiBnilcfl, e% eixoo rojiOBoi»^ tofas 
Baai opow ssaceHifl, sasi-To: (^yrajsa, nayftt h iif^.^ e% yno- 
ufl^yTHxi cjioBOHi no-BHAHioHy He Hvtnn HHqero otfinaro); 
malu'fnalu {TftHHOTiiH) malu (T'bHb); maUu-matta (uBiteHie, 
BHA^, jimo) tnatta (riasi); toto-tdto (spoBaBul), t6to(^fnh)i 
Ute-Ute (jiposaniiSy cajiporaHie on xojOAa; ciobo SBysonoxpa- 
sare^bHoe; cpaBH. qeoiCK. tetditi- se^^ipom^n on xojioAa). 

yABOeHBHJl CJIOBa, He HMtVIlU ^p0CTSX^ COOTBiTCTBeBHHX'b BOp- 

HeB : beka-heka ( JiacTo^sa, BtpoBrso caoBO 3ByKoooApasaTejiui'>e ); 
kulu-kidu (poA'B rojy^B; Toxe BBysonoApasaTejibBoe); feu- feu 
(•Bopajijiiy pasoBifla); taffi-t^ffi (HecTB, BBMeiaTB) h np« Ta- 

KHHl-Se HiH BeCbME IIOAO^BHB'B ByTeai'b CJIOSa yABOBIDTCfl I B'B 

cpoqexi noxHEeaificKHxi usiisak'b. 

§ 22» DoAOi6BO sasi b^ npiiBeAeHSHXi oTpaciirxi, h bi npo- 
nETh yABoeale (SHBaeri o5uKflOB6HHO conp^2EfeBO Cb Ttiv-se 
BJiH noAo6HU][0 nocatACTBiAHH : ycHieBieii sna^eHifl bih o(ipa- 
soBaBBBHi HOBaro cjioBa, B% ceMHTH^ecKoS H flBAO«eBpoaelcK»8 

OXpaCJIBXl OABBBO OBaSHBaiDTCB H'tKOTOpHH CaUOCTOBTeJILBIia ABJie- 

BUI wb flpoBeAefiiH aroro opBHuina (o qeMtepaBH. BHse). Htxi 
({jiflse BSHKi noAXOAHTi £1 TBBy pasBBTHXii BBOJiBft opraHHa- 
BOBi, TftHi yABoeflie cjyxHT'B qauie aj^ yceieHiB oahofo bbb- 
qeHiif, fM o($pa30BaBiB npiuraTeibHux'b hsii cooTBiTCTBeflHHXi 
cy^eeTBHTejibHiix'B, rJiaroi^Bi hii cjBiecTBHrejbH&rb, uh sa- 
a($oporb, X np. Hobhb ciasa bi rasoBi eay^at oSpaayDTCA Be- 
cpaBfleHHO p£xe« — yTpoeuifl BpocTHXi BopeHBux'b cioroB'b Bin 
Aase otfpasoBaHHHxi yse ojiobi sonaAaDTca BepiAB^ bi bsh- 
Eaxi a^pHttaBCKBxi h nojEHHeaificKEX'b; ecTb TaRse npntpu, rA'b 
BopeflBoH cjiorb BOBTcpaeTCii ^OTHpe paaa, A^se nflib pasi; cp. 
nanp. m^ raBaBcB. awu: hhlo-a (Becbva f,MBBuS) on lo-a 
(AJiBHHfifl); popopono (oqeai xopofflil^-no^xopomifi); Iddde 
(«qacTo y((tftaTb», aanp. OTBocBTejibao Hysa^ noBRAUBafooiaro se- 
By); H3% bBbck. BBHisa: gadagadagada (aaptqie, BiipasaDo^ee 



y A B 1 B I 1. §g 28—24. 47 

9Kapp).f didiiitU (oqesfc CTapHl), AZ^ZyUl (npivie xjm o6ona- 
veflifl vynaro otfoHjrHiji) ^ 

§ 23. CoeAHHHTejiiAHxi SBenon lexAT JiBUKau BepasBHTH- 
M, npiBumHMH I opoBeABiBMH BpHBi^Hnii jABoeflui no-((o»m6lf 
«3acTH ($681 orpaBB^eaifl jijih yoponieHifl, h asuKaMB, BaxoAfln^H- 
ascfl Ha BHcoBoB CTeneHH 4K)pvanHHro ycoBepmeucTBOBaBiii, wb 
soTopHxi jABoeuie noAHBBBJOCb eyl^ecTBeH&UM^ H^iatueHumi, osa- 
SHBuDTca Tt aiepEKaHCsie BaasH, KOTopue bi sioif otpacjiH bos- 
Ho BiieTaBHTb npeACTaBBTejflMH ususoB'b BLOJEHt pasBBTBXiy uea- 
HO — lescuKaHCBil h uepyaaciuB. OnHpaacB o6i ochobhuh Ha^a- 
jia, cBolcTBeHHUB flSHKan nepBifqearo otfpasoBaHia, ohb aeptA- 
Ko o($BapyHBBai)Ti> CTpeueBie, npniiKHyTB ki flsuKaHi o^paBO- 
BaniB BTopHVHaro. Easyn pojii Brpaen yABoeoie bi btoI HireH* 

HO OTpaCJIH, BBAHO B31 CJI'^AyDH^BXl npHMipoBi. 

§ 24. fi% B3Hiii leKeHKaBCROMi yABOOBie BCTptvaeTCii BecB- 
la ^acTo H BBJBeTCfl He tojibko cpeACTBosiB , ciysaii^BBi au 
yeiJiefiii SBa^Hijr, ho h BJieaeBTOHi rpnMiiaTHieciiHHi, HitnniHBi 
BeptAKO saxBoe BjiBHie na o($pa30BaHie MHOxecTBeHBaro ^bcjib. 
HacTOBH^ee yABoenie, rAib noBTopBetcB bocb SByROBoB cocraBi cio- 
Ba (sasT) Hanp. |H2HZ-|HptZ=pe6aTHmicH, Im-lm^ hmb cnae- 
Hiaroca Wh Bceiip.aro noTona qejiOBticai lescBKaHCftaro Hon; 
ci^^cofiaBa, Tmtlmt^'^^w^ h np.), xora oho h ynorpetfjiBeT- 
Cfl AOBOJiBHO ^acTOy Bce-TaKH HO 8Hai6HiH) ycTynaen TOiy eno- 
co6y yABoeHiB, nocpoACTBOM'B soToparo oabhi toabko cjiori aa- 
jHOTca yABoeuHHX'b; BCJitACTBie BToro qaqe Bcero nooaAaiDTefl Ta- 
aia cJiOBa^ bi kotopbxi noBTopBOTca BavaiBHHB hjie epeABifl 
cjion; Ri rasBHi npHBBAJiesaTB sanp. ciiAyDoiifl: MM (bth- 
Ka 'H npoACTaBJiBan ba^cb onpoAtjeHHuB ^Jteai, aoTopHB no- 
gjI corjiacHux'B HBuftHaeTCii bb Hi); popoU (Meua; npoBCXo- 
ABTi CTB riarojia jpoa-=cwTaTB, paBcqaTHBaiB, xotb ipyAHO 



> Beitrfl^e^ zur vergl. SprachC IL Schleicher, Spracbliche cariosa, crp, 393, & 



48 y A B 1 I I I. § 24« 

HatATH (!j0xalaiyi) cbh3b bi conocTaiueHiii aeaqeHiS KopeHsara 
H npo03BOAHaro ciOBa); l&ikkzHi (Tpy((a— yxBoeaaaa ^^opaa na- 
rojta A:i;era— TJiHfTfc, Taii(HT&); hAm ((SouhoI), h>hA%idSi% (<{g« 
jtdHb); pipilloU (pe^flvecTso; jpiZZt petfeeoui, cuhi, xo^- 
Ka); toto^in (ihkiB hhadbi»i Ka.iKya'L, BO,iaiAiHcfl B^b Jiican 
Oamasac^); popoJca^ (AHMHTbcii; cocToan bi cbhsb cb m- 
rojon jpo2>otiroa=HaA7TbCir, HaAnvanca); tetania (aarptTb- 
ca, cTaaoBiTbca Tenjaai); JmicicUin (auineTca Toze huUzUai- 
Zin =koib($ph; cjiobo sayRonoApazaTejiBHoe ) ; seseZoa* (pasAt- 
jiBTby pa3Apo($j[flTB ; yqan^aTOJibBaa ((lopMa rji&roia seloa^OTiy- 
^HTB, OTA^JiHTBy paCROiOTb); cicUtik (itpacHaB); sasahuani (ux- 
Tfl cHJibHOxy ao2Ad)« Bojite ciozhbh j^opiH npeACTaBjaBTi cjtt- 
Ayvmia ejiOBa: pipilcincinti («AiTHi»; sa^cb oaasHBaeTca yABoe- 
Hie AByx'B padHuxi cxofob'b, mi aoTopHXi nepBiiB pU cJiyxan 
ocHOBaBieM'B noHam «ABTax>, xorAa aaxi BTopoI: cifij HxtoqiS 
co6cTBeHHo 8Ha?eflie anus, foramen podicis^ coeAHHaeaoay ci 
BHB'B cymecTBHTejbHOMy npHAaen aaaqeuie jacsaTenHoe auyaeHB- 
mflTeiBHoe)^; acihuiUapapatlakUi (aasaauie oco6eHflaro poAa pa- 
CTefliji); Bi huehuekakaka («CTaaTB tohso, bb paacTcaaia Apyi"^ 
OTB Apyift»9~ynoTpe()jia6Tca bi npavtHeHiH si Tpocraaay) no- 
citABiK cjiOFB ka (<c($htb») noBTopaerca xpa pasa. TiacHBa bb 
yABoeflBHXB cJoraxB noABOpraiOTca aaorAa HsiiftHeaiax'B ; epaaa. 
MhuakohuaU (caaaa sxla), cincuncan (ApeaHaa cTOJinqa ro- 
cyAapcTRa HaqyasaHi) a np. 



A Bomm^i Zigeuner. II» 147> ta^ npHBOAWca mar. guajahle; Stdnthal, Cha- 
rakleiistik d. haupts. Typen d. Sprachbaues. Berlin, 1860, SIS. 

^ 3tot& rjaroj'b BCTpn^iaeica h bii cjobh popoka-tepetl ^s^dkiM/iyaaMCii iopa; 
tepetl=^TopB» 

8 Cp. H raaroiu teUcoa (naAHTb^ CTpyran, caoiljuiTb), teteloa [rojuarh jiok- 
Tem), 5i5t/i (TomaTby EAaBjusaTb); b8% cpoAaaro neicciiKaBCBOiij asusa Hymkas 
kokoil (BUAt>a p«<iflaii}, cici-mic (aoua), hitlcUl (eaAUxarb) h np. 

4 Phil. & hist. Abhdl. Akadem. d. Wbsensch. Berlin. 1853, Buschmann^ 
Ueber die aztekrschen Ortsnamen. 64S — 643. Cp. a coiScTB. ua. Gmtimozin, 
jmeaa ropoAoeib: JbllancinkOf Socicinko u np. 



7AB0SHIS. § 25. 49 

Ears rpaiiaTivecKiS aieieHn, o(SHapyxflBaeTca yABoenie: a) 
Rpa o6pa30BaHiH MHOsecTBeBnaro qacia (xotji Aaieso ho npa 
win cyqecTBHTejUHXi), b) npH o^pasoBaaur MarojOB^ yqa- 
mareuHHicb, uh BHpaseHia coBOKyoHaro Hxt AtBcTB]||^ IIpH- 
HftpH yABoesia opH o((paaoBaHia HHOsecTBeHHaro wcjia: UaJcoUi 
(patfi) — tlaUakotin (pa<(H); UakaU (oco((a^ mno) tlaUdtok^ 
(sBflSBfl, SHaTHHfl oco((h); teoU (tfori), teteo (6ove); kanetl 
(f^imoK'b) -^ Jcokoni (jitn). IIpHMipH, OTHOCKmieea ri BTopoB 
KaTeropiBy 6ujLii opebqaohh npesA^); cp. emfi: koUSna {fi»^n)f 
kokotdna (paspisaBaTb sa xeiaie Bycoqae); ni-tlatlapaloa {m 
OTBtABBan; siicb rjiarojiii xoJizeHi othocitbch k% pasHHa'b 
npeAMeTaxi) h np. 

§ 25. Bi nepyaecsoMi AsuBft, bi otjih^o oti MeKCHKaHCsa- 
ro, BCTplqaDTca ropasAO qaoie HeHSMtHeBBHfl yABoeHix He TOJbso 

OTAiJBHHXl CIOrOBl, HO H I^'blHX'B CIOBl, COCTOHn^BXl Ot^EIBBO- 

BeuBO Hai AByxi cjioroBi. BejbACTBie dToro o($pa3yK)TCfl hobsa 

nOBBTifly COCTOBBlifl BpaBBIBHO Bl CBB3H Cb ROpeHHH», EJLJi 36 

H31 cyn^ecTBBTexbHBXi odpaayDTCB npBxaraTeJSHHB hih rjiirojEEi 
h np. H BA'i^cb HooaAanTCB npBU'&pEi ynBoeBia nenojHaro cocia- 
Ba AaHHaro cjiOBa, xotb noJiHoe yABoeaie npeotfjaAaoT'b. npHHl- 
pa : kama ( ace ), kama - kaman ( Kaxiul j^m ee($B ) ; akJco ( ne- 
coai ) J akko - aMco ( nec^aiHH ) ; kusi ( paAOCTb ) , kusi - kuai 
(Hayt'b; BEipazaen, tfflTb Hoserii axiBOTHoe, npHHOcaniee pa- 
XocTb, yAOBOJibCTBie^y xotb .cbbsb HexAy bthmh noBBTifliiH TpyA- 
HO o6'biiCHHTb; BOAO(!Hoe oTHomeHie Bnpoqen saiiiqeBO npa vaj. 
{<l&a-2(^&a=oayB^, h npocT. {(i&a=BHHrpaTb); kujkujni (gbh- 
CTiTby flacBBCTHBaTb ; cLBBysonoApasaTejibHoe); kkacacaca(ncKfB; 
kkacka=OGTfui); kkacu^kkacu (nacTb($HDie), kkacu (Tpaeai 
n.ioAi» HeAospiJiafl); kkapa-kkapdlla (oqeBb BeceiuM), kkapa 
(npinTHuS); colli •calli (poA'b bhcokoB ipaRH— Panicum), calli 
(eyxoB CTe6ej[b KyKypysu); canm-cani (i^iBBTb, AopoxBTb), cani 

> SteUa/ial, Charakterisuk. 211 -Sia 



60 yABOSHii. g§ 25.-26. 

(Q^Ba; rjraron (K^pasoBaHi noepeACTBOii yxBoeHHaro cyn^ecTBB- 
TejuHaro); cici (JieTy^an mmBi eeTonHps); apu-aptdla (rop* 
XBff; tfysB. rocnoAHHi-rocnoAHHi ; apu^vocuojLEE'b, BjaA^jieiii); 
rimjne-cimjpi^ (pacTenie: j^yicia), cimpu (apyri oroio cojih- 
iia, cjiaBa, ospameHHair Bataa ; k% nocJii^Heiy BHaqoHii) otbocit* 
CJI H yABoeHHoeeiOBo); cidi-o^iJZam (oqoHBOOBAHit), ci^Cdoba- 
BiB| -bo); cucu (tfjiHSBeiiH; ep. lajalcB. cucH BHysi); Jkamu- 
Jiamu (pasHHJi bcb^h, pasHOotfpasie npoAieTOBi), hamu (cno- 
eo6%f o6pa8i); nuSiu (zoHCsaa rpyAi; ciobo SBysonoApazaTeib- 
Boe; cp. MaA6R. ntmu^mbsa); lliu^Uiu (lojraia); llu-llu (no^- 
xa pacTeaia; afla^ieBie npocTHX'B xopaeK o($ohxi ciobi i6H8B'6ct- 
Bo); fwni (icaieHb), rum-rumi (BaMeHBcrafl); runa (qe- 
jOBiicb), runa-nma (rteflOTa, AftBsa); pajajpapajan (n^MifR' 
6a6Ka), paja (tfatfa^ CTapyia); ramka'tamka-paca (paacBftn; 
ramka =cofli, cflOBBA^Hie, j>aras»BpeHa, cjiAaob. ^jpeji/i choou'^ 
dn»Hii{=pa3CBiTi); kkullu'llaJdlak (bjeotbhri; 6yKB. <KApopa to- 
nopoMi o6TeeHBai)n(i9x>); ti^i' (cBBBeiii). SaiiqaTejBBo, ^to aa- 
BBaaifl HBorHZ'B pacTeaiB cyTb yABoeBBiui ^piB cjiob'b npei- 
HymMTBOBBO ABycjiozBHXi, vfit BX ((ojiUBiflCTBi ciyqa^BB 8Ba- 
nenie spocTaro aopfla bjeb cjioaa nponajio: ku-cucu (f^v^ea; 
bo: Jckucucu=c^iJ^,o6nlAi KopeBB); panti-panti (poAi spacH- 
Baro KycTa); ucu-ucu (pacTeaie Oeratostema ) ; puntu-puntu 
(poA'B nanopoTHHsa: Polypodinm); |nm-j9im (AlstroBmeria brae- 
tenta); sajH-^ajri (poAx Giiaro saai xojeobo pacTeHia; npo* 
CTOe sa^fi saaqHTi maCanh) h np. 

§ 26. npBHipH B8X iiaiiROBi ypajiBCKO-amScBEXi. Hs'b bob- 
repcBaro jiSHBa: Jcdr^r (BUEncHCi; Tc6r=Kffnt^ itEpByjn); 
ft^ne (cTapmaa cecrpa; otbochtcb, xbbi yse ynoMBHyTO, toxo 
Bi cJioBan sByKonoApaxaTOJiBflHi'B ; no SBa^Hn «xeBfliBna» x 
BBmetex HHor;ia x n^, Banp. hirdlyno bjib Urdlyni <xBopojieBai>); 

1 cp* TOi-AoAAa— BMfl BSBi&CTBaro tfaiuiiaro nepyaacvaro oaepa, sBammcod- 
GTBeBHo cmuwfieaji cxojia* 



yXBOiHii. §g 2S — 87. 61 

mtmd (noxpasan; epaBH. rpe^eos. /At/jiic/xMj sop. /be(«-); nA- 
nUke (nffcsiS sysii HaKsa); nyenyere ( mapiaHEUi, pywoB op- 
nvhf cji. BByaonoxpaxaTeiBHoe ; cp. vem6B.| ynorpetfjiieKoe vh 
Haptqiflxi, nineraj ti^era =»HrpyiDBa, ((e8Aib.iHqa); ^ese (sypqa- 
Hie, monon; ^emcs. auatot); Msog^ni (mymysaT&i menTaTB); 
gdgog (rarasaTs; aaai biaho, (Sojibidhictbo npHoaAiesaiiiHX'E 
cD^a cjioBi — npoHCxosxeiifl SBjEonoxpasaTenHaro; yABoeaie h 
BByRonoxpasaHie j(oiiojiHin>rb xpyn xpyra). 

npHMipH EZ'h Ty peiiKaro asasa : turla-tUrlU ( pasjHiHHf , pas- 
HOo((pa^Hiii), tmrlH (cnocotf^i pox'B); aedr^aedr (nocTenoHHo; 
jABOOBie Bx^b yeHiBBaeT'b sflaieHie npocTaro cjiobb); Tc61cA{zsr 
oaxi); Ucek (iiBftToai); sfdi^amak (aiiTb sasxy; BftpoarHo 
npoHcxosA^Bifl SBysonoxpasaTejibHarOi cp. pyecR. cocamt^ vemes. 
cucatif lajiaHciu s^sH xojiobo h np.; BpoMt Toro bi Typeiis. 
asHsfe sA SBa^Hn eoda). OvAa-ze npHnaAJiesarB h li yABoes- 
BHii 4^opiiH, BOTopBfl BHpasaDTi poACTBO, EM noHam, COCTOa- 
B^ia Bi rtcHoS eBasH n ehxi, i o BOTopHxi yse npesA<) <(h- 
10 ynoxaHyro: Idbd (oreirfc), dede (AftA'fc)f nine (($a((ymBa), 
ddddf IdLd (ryBBpHfip'By BocnflTaTOJib) a np. Bootfa^e roBopa, h 
B*b cpaBHeaiH cb ocTajiBHinai npflEi^ani yABoeaia vh 8to8 ot- 
paciB Be AOCTari ocotfeHBaro pacnpocTpaHeaia, aaai bbaho bvb 
rpaiaaTnecRaro CTpoa a aescHsaiBaaro aaTepiaia eaaaxi pas- 
BHTHxt ero npeACTaBBTeael : BearepcaarOi ^ancaaro h Typeiiaa- 
ro asBBOBi. 

§ 27. OeaaTaiecaaa OTpacib cnocotfcTayerE paaBarii) yABoe- 
Hia Bi doxBaiaxi paaalpaxx a bboahti ero Aaxe wi rpaaaaTE- 
Mecaoe ycTpoiOTBO aaaaa, npa^en a aopaa aepftASo oi^pasoaa- 
jacb aa ero ocHoaaaia. HflOsecTBO yABoeaaHXi aopael, — oco* 
<(eHB0 vb apa6cKoxi asBS'b, — cjiyxaTi aiipaxeaiea'B ejoai bbj- 
KonoApasaTeaBBQXi y ao otfHBBOBeaao oTapaaieBie axi sasjiD- 
ttOTca vh ycaaeaia aHaqeaia. OSpaaoaaBie aopael, npa opraaa- 
lecaoax pasania bto8 OTpacjai oaaanBaDaiel yse Tan aaau 

4* 



52 7AB0SBIS. § 27. 

c% ^^jieseieBy npoHcxoxHJio ^acTO na ocHOBamH ypoeaia , noABepr- 
BjBmarocfl oAHaso, coriacHO ci ajzou mbuisa h ei »aKOHau 
4)0HeTHfijr, pa3HHVii eoKpan^eHiflirB, Tasi-qio flep^AKO Kasi SHas^b 
jABoeHifl BCTp^bqaea^b aboMhoI sbjk'b, npoRMyii^ecTBeBHo b% boh- 
Vi,% B'B OTJifl^e OTi BHAO-eBponeBcBo9 orpacM, soTopaa TepnHn 
yABoeeie tojbko Bi-aaqajii. Tasi sanp. eBpeScs. mddad (ai- 
pHTB, npHioipHBaTB , pacTXTHBaTB) BpeACTaBJfleTi ^opay HOBoa- 
uosHyi) A'fl HHAO-eBponeBcBoB oxpaciiH, TorAa-saBi ci ApyroB 
CTopoBH ^opaa ma-mad se loaceri aBjarica EopBeai bi iraa- 

KaXl CeMHTH^eCRHXl, TaK'b-SaBl npOTHBOpi^BT^ OCHOBHHH'b 4^0- 

HeTB^ecBBMi npaBBJiaai, otiycioBJHBaDin^HH'b otfpaaoBaaie sopHeB. 
HecaaotiHTHocTB BTopoB (yABOOHHoB) corjiacHoB, HBjr^DnieBca 
Bi BOBA%, AOEasHBaoTCfl BHDyn^eHiea'B ea bi h3b1cthhx'b $op- 
Haxi CDpaseeia, Taai aanp. eBpeBca. mddad HiierB bi 6yjiy- 
n^eai Bpeaena jdm6d (obi npoTaHon^ b£ih%phti), HeonpeA^Ji. 
m6d;MlQl (rnaTB, ($htb CBopuM's, jdaajiaTBca) — ((yA* Bfeit.jikal 
(HacTOflniee nojiHoe yABoeeie aopHJi kat^ ho cb HsatHeHEHHa no 
upaBiJiy rJiacHHan OBaaaeaeTca bb Filp. kilMl=^(ivoEBn BsaA'B 
H BoepeABy ocTpBTBX)— Bi CTpaABTOJiBHoB ^opttt hUkdMl); md- 
rar (^htb padApaa^eHHUMB^ ropBBHHB), 6jf^hp.jemar (HoHitp. 
hUmarmar — pasApasHHTBea, pasosJiHTBca aa soro) h np. Tjae- 
HQa Bi yABoeBHflXB cjioraxi noAwaaDTca paaHoodpasHiniB ve- 
peAOBaniaMB, mb BHeHHO noATBopsAaerB noABBSHOCTB bxb bb 
8ToB oTpacjH. npHMtpH H3B OBpeBcBBro asHsa: dh'tb (apexa 
padtBiTaflia, bojiocb, djioaet sdJOCBHe; sop. ah- cp« ^fraaspe- 
Hfl iiBiTeHiir, dioa'b; apaa. 4&=M'bcaiiB hjeoaobb, aarycTB); hd^ 
Teak (bbjihtb, paarpa^HTB; Kop. lah- OTxyAa co($ctb6hho3 hhii 
Bdkbuk^ BHpavaioiuee aaaB cymecTBHTeiBHoe «(KoxaH{iB atx^, 
6;TEjjiKa'>); harbur (poA^ dthiiu; npeACTaajureTB no Bcexy Bt- 
poaTiK) cjioBo 3B;KonoApasaT6J[BHoe ) ; &(2rar (BfitfapaTB, neonpoA* 
har); gudgdd (aaAp^aB, rpen^BHa — aaa MtCTa bb nycTEiat; npo- 
BcxoABTi OTB rjiaroM gddad—w^^zmz^ih ^ 6jf,. Bjfw.jdgdd); 



yXBOSHis h'h ibpkBokohx aaaiCQ. § 27. 58 

galgai (sojeco — roze gUgdl^ cp. riar. gdlal=fiMarh^ BaTaw; 
OTTjjia H gulgdlet^^n^^eiTbf rojroBa»| lasi easB. no spynoB $op- 
Mly cpaBH. H ^i«2^(JZ^(t=jio($Hoe HftcTO=rpeqecK. FoAyo^^); gar^ 
geret (ropio; cooTB^TCTBeHHuB rjiaroii gdrar^aTJionTh^ no- 
locKaxB ropj[o» HHten Bopneui gar^ cjiori BByRonoxpasaTejiB- 
bhB, oxa3HBai)u;iBcfl wh ToB-se j^opift h bi tomx-so BHaHeflis 
Tasze Bi BHAo-eBponeBcBoB oTpaen, cp. pyccs. top'Ao, JiaiBHCs. 
gurgtdio XHxaieJiBBoe ropjosBtv. gurgd^ rpe^ecs. ycc^x^ 
l^m — nojioqy ropjro, yccfyx^soiy — ropjo, ropiaBB, cancsp. gar 
<cnorjiODiaTbi>); edlzal (b^tbb, otbphcb'b; rjiar« edlcUf sauTBCB, 
Ko je($aTBC4i ) ; chdchdldh (Aposanie, TOCBa, CTpan; yABoeBHaii 
jtopaa rjaroia c%^— tpacthcb, Bepil^TBCfl); charchor (Bocna- 
lesie; on chdrar nnjiaTB, rop'bTB; cp. cancsp. ghar^ OTsy^a 
ghar-ma «Tenj[BB»| ^emcs. har- bi Mr^ati «naj[aTB»y pyccs. 
top-nmh H CB CHBr^eHBOD saqajiBBOD corjiacHoB otcap-umh h np. ); 
hikdr (apyri; coKpaqeHo bbi ^Ur'Jcdr; BopesB itar BcrpiqaoT- 
ca B Bi HBAO-eBponeBcBHn asHBaxx, cp. rpeq. m^o^ — spyrB, 
BOJieco, jiBT. circuSj circulua; cp. h BeerepcB. )!^r— Bpyn h np.); 
lajU (ho^b; $»pcTi — Hebr. Wtb. 279-*o6'BflCHfleT'B bto cjiobo 
EVb BoynoTpetfJiiieiaro IM^ HHtBmaro sHaqenie (cospysHTB, no- 
BopayTB BpyroMiD); PafPaf (ptCBBAa, orB rjiar. ^f noBpHTB, 
npEBpEiBBTBy jieTSTB); ParPdr (ocTaBJieBHuB, noBunyTHB; rjiar. 
Pdrar cc^htb roj[HHi)» BHteri Tose yxBoeBayi) CTuin); zldgoL 
(sBOBBiB HHCTpyxeHTi, BEHBa»; rjiar. edlcH ^BByqaib, pasAaBBTB** 
ciTA, Bop. eal); Jdokil (HajOBasBuB, njroxoB; ctobti bi. *M- 
kUf on TUT. kdldl « ytf aBJinTBca , 6uih JierBBH'B, flB8KUH!B]D); 
kaskeaet (qemyii); rabrab (doJiBmoBy BejiEsiB; ^opia apaieB- 
CKaiiy TorAa-BBBi bi eapeBcBOHi assuA ynoTpet^ueTCA npocxoe 
ra5=($OJiBBioB);^^an(juiJ[iji; cotfcTBOBHo «((txHBiiB'bTOB'B)>, on 
BeynoTpetfueiaro sf^=«($HTB (Jizan*; Bop. sUs vb SBa^efliK 
cnpHraiB, paAOBaTBCii>» BanoiBBaerB caacBp. Sai «npHTaTB)», ot- 
By^a sasa^dun%^ to-octb «nparaDii^ee sbbotbo6)», ep. b %emcB« 



54 yxBOKHiE. §§ 27 — 28. 

saSeJc ^ m^n) ; sarsrdh (iiinB; nar. a^r<$A=pa3BJi8iiBaTBy o- 
CBotfoABTb); ttdtdl (jioKOBi; xop. tdl BisuaveBiH «BaqaTbCff, bo- 
jietfaTbcii*); CDAa-xenpHiBBann: Jc6M) (^i^ianA; m *Mb-Mb; 
Bop. kah BEpasajfL «(>htb Bpyrran, hjth ((jiecTtn»); ^erari^fr 
(onoacaBHHS, BptBsiB; on rjiar. jerjtr=«8aBji8aTfc, onoiicaTbi»); 
idtefet (juoTf^ix. bo MBOseeTBOHBOHi: tdtdfdt vflaiodflHS'By no- 
BBBsa, yspameBiex^ — o($pa80BaBO flsi Haftefet^ npexcTaBjiiiDntaro 

JABOOBByi) ^Opiy on BOpSB f^}/* «0({BB8aT&, 0($BSTfc»); 0(Spa80' 

BaHBHB OTi JJeajuM-a ^opiH Hvbnn BBa^eaie yun^aTOJiBBoe i 
jHeBBmflTejisBoe : 'afa/*-5ti/*(<cc6poA'ByiiTO cotipaao 6e3i BH((opa)» on 
^a/* cotfpaTB); ^cAarc^r ( qepHOBaniM ; sdchSr^nejfmS; rjiar. 
sdchar); chazdzrdh (ipytfa; CToan BitCTO *chazarsrdh; on 
HoynoTpei^ji. cMzir — pa8AaBaTBC£| SByqaxB); chafarferet (po»- 
qeeoB SBBOTBoe, spon; on rjiar. chAfaf—^uxh^ BonaTB); 
adamddm (spacflOBaTHi; 4(i^»BpacBHl) h np. 

§ 28. Bb apadcBon WHsi, caioiB paBBBTOiB bi 8toI ot- 
paciH, yABoeBHHXB ^opiiB BCTptvaeTca oqeHB xfloro; BBawreiB- 
Ba£ BXB qacTB npeACTaBiBOTB cjcobb BByKonoApaxaTeiBBHi* QpE 
o($pa80BafliH sopHel apa((eKiK nauBB cjiIaJ^tb Tfti'B-xe npaaK* 

JUlIBy BBBB H OCTaiBBHO CpOABUO OMy II3HBB. IIpBHtpH yXBOOBBfilXB 

cjiobb: fulfill (nepeiiB); ma&mc& (bu mt^jBsatfpBROcB, seji- 
TOCJBBi); zalzalat (BevjieTpBceBie); ecHsdl^ zUzdl (apoxb; sop. 
zci); hulbtd (un &A2^BscoJOBe8 bocto^bbB; BCTpiqaeici to- 
Z6 BB Typei^B, H DopcBACB. BSHBaxB); tartarot (ABUzeflie, no- 
TpMOBie, paBroBopuBOCTB); taktakat (ronon, TOoaBBo); taita^ 
lot (ABBzeBie, K0Jie($aBie| TpBCOBie); tamtam (boajietb, 6btb 
Bep'bmflTejiBBHHBi jienoTaTB); ^rgtr (sepyxa, 6o6^); ^ar^arat 
(noxocBaflBO ropxa; SBysEi BaAaBaeiHe BoptfxDAoiB: braying of a 
camd; cxobo BByBonoApaxaTexBBoe ) ; §um§umat («iepefli; ho 
^amgamat dopMOTaaie, Bop^aHie, Biyn); dahdahat (dot ((apa- 
6kubsA; dubddb <(($apatfaHB» sayBOBOApas.); dahdahat (pasBO- 
otfpasHHS myxBy cTy&OTBB; 8ByB0B0ApO> ra/r^/* (cipoycBi poA'b 



yXBOlHIl B<b IPABGBOHl il8HK«. § 28. 66 

Bopo((u); rahrdk ( BBBOiHOBaHHaii noBepxHocTB boxh, ((jiecMfl^S 
len); auraUr (csBopeqi; cjl. SByKonoxpasaTejiBHoey TasvKaKii 
ero niiio BHpasaeTCx cjobohi sarzarai); zafzdf (xjHOBeHie, 
myn Blrpa ) ; zamBomat ( nepesaTS rpoia, ((opxoTaHie ; cp. nep- 
CBXCK. zemzemeh-gSjdn cnftBitHy BopsyDii^iji rapiHQH » ) ; sahsab 
(npocTpaHHaa nycTaHJi); sursUr (jiehV, xhtphS); sdsal (irc« 
BBfl, HHcrafl BOAa); ^^i^of (piA*^, v/kuh); samsam (uchi^s; 
riar.sainma=npaHHKaTB, pascHaTpieaTb) ; simsinuU (pox's spac- 
Baro BjpaBM; samma=OT]^mmh); sinain (auisAa; cp. nep- 
CBXCE. S6n5eneA=eBHenniiB BBjal jieTBo^eB cTpftjia; TO-se sna- 
^esie Hiien h sebseh); sarsar (svpi, BOTopaB sanjieTB nps 
sapeHui); Ursir (shboI DRoma; mr. 8ard=6un ynopHiiH'B, 
iBoro &lus!^n); sursitr (poAiBopo(Sui); sa^A^atCspHBi, myx^; 
BopeHfc sak b% SHa^eHii pasopBan, pacsojioTB ); sarsar ( cBepqcsi, 
tfojiBmoB mjHi ^ sirHr (niTjxi); su/'^fi/*( fiop66eJI; saffa paeTJiHfTB 
spHJiui); sii2sii2 (cH8Ei8 roiy6B| BflTDTHHi); san^dm (ocrpHS uen; 
MfitmasaCAOxan, pasApodHTB, norH((HyTB); safsafat (TOJiKOTHir, 
TteHOTa, ABBBa; sa/fa =co((irpan); ^a(to&af (myn boaobbaobx; 
cioB. sByBonoApasaiejibfloe ); taftdf{6^wn; Tose to/f , on rjiar, 
taffa BanoJiBBTB, noABnaTBU^ 6urh ((nsKBn); taltdlat (abh- 
seflie); gharghar (^guttur^ cp. pyccs. top-4o, bAk. gurgd; 
apa6cB. ^Aar^Aarot— noiocuHBO ropia, mjiii BHaBTBa, aoio- 
80i6](% Bi ropjrb; ep. nepcHACS. ghurghur <imjvb^ ((opiioTaBie, 
TpeBora», b ghulghul^s^Kpwn^ myxi, wpEsaBie nTBm);^^m- 
ghamat (bhjii cpasesifl, CBajiBa, HenoBBTBiiK roBopi); furfur 
(soaieBOBi BJH (Sapamesi; cp. nepeHACS. ferfUr SHpaaB oei^a, 
nepenejiBa); fisftsat (jibbobi, JiBBOHBoe Aepeao); fdkfakat (jbb- 
Bie, Bol BcnyraBBoI cotfaaa^ kahhdh (^acBJbBo peayn^iB jicbi; 
AepoBBBBBfl (SamBaB'b»; otfa SBavefliB ocHOBHsaDTCB aa sayso- 
BOApaauiTejiBBOBi sopBi, xoM BpB cpaBBeaifl bxi OBaaHaaoTcir 
ujio BBi oCqaro); kahkahat (rpoBaiB cbIxi; cp. jaTBBCB. 
cach4finari=ioi(ndith b bb.): karkarat bjib karkartr (bod* 



56 jrxBOiHiB. § 23. 

KOBSBBe ropjriiin); haskasatioi^aammnmnihiS'Us^nhiJihy; 
Ut'Jdt HJiH katkatat (HeisiB AOJVki; do BceB BipoflTHOCTV npo* 
HcxoasAefliii BBjKOooApasaTejibHaro; cpaBH. Jiar. gut-ta^^uwsj 
caHcsp. hUf cjutfqju=utk]ii^Thj KanaTs); A»/%a/* (^poxaTB orb 
xojioxa); Jcafkafat (mfijsaHie sydaiiH); kalkal (batdtbb^); A?mZ* 
hiddnt (poA'B rojiy($H— tohfck. hula'kula)i kamkdm (rJiy6oso6 no- 
peytfoumoe wcjEOynpHHui — orb yxaoeHnaro tom-JbaTu- «co($paTb»); 
A;inA;in ( DOjeBaii vhoib, HCKycHHt boxab — BipoflTHO oti narojia 
kanna cyAapirTB, CDparnHBaiB hoboctoSx) inquiring after news, 
striking with a stick, Bichardsonf Dictionary, 1 148 b); kubkubat 
( Ta^yHi JTomaxeS); katkdt (tioATjwb); katkatat (rpoMRiit cn^Tb-^ 
pyCGB. xoxon) kidkdd ( qpesxipBHl CMin — ^emc={. ehichati 
5e"Bpyocs. xuxuKamh); A;arftara< ( opopHaflie^ iipesHtpntiB CM%rb, 
rpoxOTi); MrMrat (Toxna jwaoA; rjiar. A^orra =noBTopflTb, bob* 
BpamaTb); kaskas (pa8(fHTB b^b BycBH, B^ xpotSearfl); huPkuP 
( ({oiisJiHBEiB, cja($HB — FJiar. kaPPa HcnyraTB); kaPkaPat (^zam 
Wb nji'bH'B, sajtepxaBie); kaikal (rpyAB); laUab (AO^poxejia- 
TexBHHfiy tfjiaroHaMipeHHHS); 2a^%Za^Jl (aHCTi, 6ytraR'B;cp. pyccs. 
ACAem^ nojiBCB. k qemcs. {€26A;=Gaprimulgas enropaens; Bpoit 
Toro BCTptvaiDTCfl en^e laMdk hjib laUak^ nocJii^ABee cjiobo to- 
2e Bi SHaqesiB «ir3EiKi)»; ochoboS aroHy cjiosy cJiysBn opnHi^Bni 
BBjBonoApasaTejBHEiB); laflaf (cjiatfaB, xBopHB); IMA (seiqy- 
ZHHay Aparo^tHfldB KaveHB); marmar (upaHop^); massmaz (no- 
TpflXHBaTBi BaqaTB); maBmasat (cyuaToxa, tfeanopjiAosi); maP* 
map (xBTpnB; seawrB Tose aseaniiiHa CKyaan, He OTAaioniafl 
HHqero orB CBoeB co6cTBeHHoeTii»); ma^rnai (« BEinHTB ao AHa»— • 
noApaacaen SByay, HSAaBaeHOMy npH nHTBft); mu-lamlam (co- 
($paHH£iB^ Ti^CHHfl; cp. H mt^am2ama^s»cjroBOBiilt xodoTB, b% s&a- 
^eniB : «8axBaTBBai)fl(iB , cotfapaDiiiiBy upBTJiTHBaDQiB ri cetft* — 
mroii: Zomma =<i(co($BpaTB»); nasnds^ nisnds (poA'B otfesB- 
iihh); namasat (tfucTpsB nojerB BTBitH); it^/na/*(AOJiHHa les- 
AT ropsMH, nyeTfloji — rjar« nafy^^^wth ffiiwiwh, iun of'* 



yABOSHIX Bl iPABGROHl ABBS^. § 28. 61 

BeprHjTHH'b, sanpeTHTBy norH6aTB»); niknik (6oazjLmuft^ 6ft- 
zaipBy CTpoyei; ho naJcnakat = tzoxtBOM HacftiUKH); nulmd 
(ej^afiuS, TpjcjiBBuB ^ejiOB^Ki); namnam (nHcatK, ^epTHTS, y- 
spamaTB); nahndhat (incitatio ); warwdr (optxoBEa necTpax, 
KeApoBKa); wazwasat (HanaAeBie, (SacTpoia, iobkoctb; wajswaz 
«eiepTb=BanaA&DiiiiH»); toaswds^ toiawds (HaxesH, BaynteHijr, 
BBymenifl^oeotfeHHO BJiaro xyxa — monoii; ms^ sas^ sopoHB SBy- 
KoaoxpasaaTeibEHH vb lason-se bha^ osasHBaeTOfl b^ flftKeus. 
foi$jpern=memein^ MVJi. wMsper^momvb h np.)~0TTyAa a2- 
waswds^EtKjcEnsbj bjioB Ayxx; tvaawd^ (rHtisiB, JiersiB, xh- 
BoB); waPwaP (spacHopft^HBEiBy jiBCHiia; BHpasaen Tose Bay* 
M, HSAaBaeuna nmmflij boB e< h up.; cp. waPu)aPat=JiMj 
BoB, Bonjib); wakwaJcat (co6a^iB JiaB, ^spHBaHie OTBi^'b; cp* 
HepcHACR. tvekwek — *jiaB , JiaBHie ); walwalat ( bodjib, boB, EpHci, 
myii, Rop. e(;aZ'> o^eBHAHO, SByKOoo^paxaTeibHuB ; cp« aHri. to 
Aou^Z— BUTb, Hfttf. Aef^^en, ge-heul^ denies. i^*(i(toti=iDy- 
iftTb, noAHHiliaTb TpeBory, upHqan^ pjccs. %yjt6j %yM%u h np.); 
wahjoahat (jrbBHHufl peai, cotfa^iB JiaB, seHcsiB njiaqi); AaAaa 
(xozoTyai, csa loayd^b ); &i&A(i& (cKopaB); hdbhabtj (nacTyxi, 
Kosen, BOAflmiB eraAo); haghagat (HHqaaie, pHsasie caHiia 
BeptfjiDAa); hadhadat (BopsoBaHbe ropiHiiB, ytfaDKHBaHie , 6op- 
lOTaaie); harhar (6j[6flHie OBeit'B, pea'b ibBBHoB, myii boah); 
hirhir (ciapaji OBiia); harhdr (HHO^oB0AHyH6pa8yMHHBcIftx^); 
hashds (ueEBKi); Aas^sa^ (moooii, SBjai HerpoiKiB); %t«£%e«3 
(euan, Jieai; cp. hashai- satb, csHiaib pysoH)); hakhak 
((SncTpo DyTemecTBOBaTby A^JaTb CRopiie mam); hathal (ciep- 
tohochhB aa'b); kulhul (cHftri); hamhamat ((SopHOTaHie, mo- 
non; hmh^f hjih MmMm (leBi; c J. BByROBOApasaTeibHoe ); 
jo/tf' (jacBOBo npBHATb, otfiOAHTbCfl cb Rftn qojiOBftqecRH; jA: 
8BaTb| npHBHBaTb, yrtmatb h np.)- 

Hs'b DpBBeABHHBX'b yso VA'bcb upHHftpoBi ucTByen, Bl Ra- 
uxb rpouAHHU pasiipan BCTpftqaima yABoeesHa ^fopia vk 



58 yjiBOsiii. §§ 28 — 29» 

ceiHTHqecKoB otpaciiH. Tlovn ux^A npoerol Bopera loxen 

JIBJIflTBCil E Bl yABOeHHOM^ BHAty B% SHEqeHiH, COOTBtTeiBflD' 

nieii sopoHHOHy cjiobj. OeotfoHHO qacTO nonaxai>TCii cioBa, so- 
Topsxi nocJiiABM KopeHDaji eoriacHaii ecT& liqitida, npeHMyqe- 
CTBeHHO xe r I 2. Ci APFo' CTopoHH, ^OHOTHqecsie saBOHH h 
TpetfoBamH (^JiaroBByqiH ho AonycsaDrB mwnb ytBoeHiS , vifk 

TOSAOCTBOHHHe BJIE BeCbia GXOAHHe 3ByBE nOBTOpilDTCfl OAHH'B 

BCJi^A'B 8a Apyra;!'!*; laKi nanp., ne AonycsaDTCH $opiiH, Basi- 
to: mam-mam^ nan-nan^ h« waf-waf e np. 3a bteee ec- 
EjiDqeeiiiEE ocrajibHue KopoHEHe cociaBU Eoryn yABOETbCE ((esi 
ocotfeHHHXi orpaHEqefliB. 
§ 29. HepezoAE n orpaciE ehao - eBponalcsoi e cpaBEE* 

BaE OtflOCEn^iflCE CVAa EBJOhIe Cl COOTSftTCTBeHEHEE C6EETE- 

qecsEEE, se eosbe'b se aaEtTETb OAHoro BasEaro cBoScTBa Ea* 
oieB OTpacJCE, OTiiqaDoieB ee on EpeAmecTByDqeB. 9to cboB- 

CTBO COCTOETl Vb TOE'b, qTO yABOOBiO Vb EEAO-eBpOEOBcSBX'B- 

Esasax'b, xoTE e aepiABO BCTpiqaoTCE bi laEOEx-se bea%, 

BBBl Bl APyrEXly EOCpOAESXl EE'E, OTpaClEXl^ BCe-SO EOABOp- 

raoTCE oflpeAtieBEHEi BpaBEjraEi e, BCJiiACTBie btofo^ EBBter- 
nun cospaoieEiiifl'b. Tasoe yjiBoefliOy b'b soTopoxi noBTopEOTCE 
KOpeflBoB ejiori (Sesi BCExaro EBvifleEiE, BCTptqaoTCE otsoce- 

TeXBBO ptABO. OtiUBflOBeflEO EOBTOpEOTefl flepBBE TOJIbBO COFJiaC- 
EBfl (BI EBBftCTaHXl CiyqaEXX E COBBarB ESHEOB'B — e ab^X 

BEtcrt CI ciftAyvmoD sa seB rjiacflODi e60($xoaeeod au co- 
ciaBaeHiE cavociOETejiBHaro ciora. Tbeeei otfpasoEi npoEsomen 
BocbEa bbsehB saKOEi 06% yABoefliE BopseB bi caEeRpETCBOE'Bi 
Ap6Bfle-($aBTpiBcB0Ei, rpeqecBOEi e jiaTBECBOEi ESHsax'B. (Bi 
roTCBOEi Bi B^BOTopHXi OTEomoEiEXi yABoeflio EOIBfte, TaBl- 

XaR!b EflOFAa BOBTOpEDTCE E ABI COrXaCEHE BEtCTfti EEOSflOy OeiE 

BopoHHoB cocTEBi BaKJwqaeTi Bi ceOft EaqaibsyD rpynsy: sJc 
EiE St-; Banp. skaidan -^ Rfom. Bp. shai'Skaid^ cp* af-shai^ 
skaid^^s^tumm^ ouyqEn»; ga-stddan^ «EiftTB| BiaA^Tb 



yABOIHIS Bl HHAO-SBPOn. OTPAOJIH. § 29. 69 

rtn», npom. Bpei. ga-stai" staid h npoq. H HtsoTopHfl 
xanflcsii $opiH odpasoBaHH laun-se ujrewb; cpaB. gpa- 
pondi «A ofStman, f,Kn 6jiobo», hsi ^^jpo-^i^ondi, rxib vb y- 
ABoeHHOHi cjiori ujiaDTca abI Haqai&HHic corxacHHfl BiftcTt, 
xoTfl BacTOfloiiB sopeHHoS cjion, au i3((taaBifl netfjarosBy- 
lii, yTpaTUi DuniflB^). He BAaBaacL b^b tfjuaKaflmia no- 
XpotfBocTB npaBHjan yABoeHui, npBBaAiiesaiiini e^ pastfopy 
^opi'a (HieHBO npomexniaro BpeieaH h BtaoTopHxi apt^'ii^'^ 
oTpHBOYBHX'E y opHHHBaDniHn Bi BOHy, iiBiefliI), saiiiTHn 
SAtcB TonBo TO I ^TO yABooBio Bi BameB'B npaasHKb (Sesi co- 
MBftflia BTpajio BecBia Basayi) pojB, zzxh npn pasBHZi bhao- 
idilBeBijrx'E mrojioBi, wa h BpH o6pa80BaBiH BftROTopBX'b 
BpeMHi. YcBJieflie BBaqeflU riaroxa aepftAKo o6yeiOBjiHBaiocB 
yABoeflien ero KopeHsaro cocTaBa. Mnorui cyqecTBHTeuBiu bh- 
paxajHCB yABoeflHHHi rJiarouBHMi BopneHi, noABepraBmnca 
paBHHii $0fleTHH6CBHHi fl3aiHeflijiu, ciOTpa no paspaAy XftH- 
Haro exoBa i no BaTeropia BBHsa, syAa obk npBBaAJiesaiH. 
BcxlACTBie npoHemeAmaro vh nosABiBmie nepioAH ynpoqeaia 
(opBajbBflX'b BxeiOBTOBi, npHflqiin'B yABoeHia bo iBorBXi ho- 
BHTB asHsaxi VIS coBcim yTpa^oBi, uh SBaqBTexBBO orpa- 
BnoHi. TaBi, Banp, yABoeaaoe npomeAmee BpoMBi ynorpetfiae- 

X06 Vh rOTGKOM BSHSli Vh BOBtlmBrB ropiaBCBHxi asB- 

xaxi BOBce se yAepauuoca; ^HTaxuiBeBil szwa ae sBaen npo* 
meAmaro apeieBB ci^opiaiB, bbbobb nanp. xbt. dUici (a y«x- 
ca)r cucurri (a 6imtkn)^ ttOudi (i yAapHn), pupugi (i 
jKoxoxi) H npoq. Jlyvne acero npiHAHai yABoeaia pasBHn ai 
Taai-BasBBaeiBxi apilcaaxi asBBaxi, ocotfeaBO se B'bsopcHA- 
exon (xoTB bi noexiAHeai, npa aro qpesBBvaBfloS ((iAHOCTi 
rpaMHaTnecBBXi ^opn, yABoeaio orpaaraBaoTca npeuyme- 
CTBOBBO xeaciBaxBBBii laTepiaJIoa^; cpaaa. npaaeAeBBBe bmso 
npBvbpB), BOHBme Bcero oai npoiBxaoTca vh repaaao * cxaBflH- 
eaoMi otaIxobiIi o€0((6aao so vb nocxftAH6M!B| vfjb owh orpa- 



60 yxBoiHiB. §§ 29 — 80. 

BnHBaeTCit qasBaBiais HtsoTopHXi shbothhzi, opyAil, e cjoiiau 

« 

iiHCTO « BBysonoxpasaTeiBHsiH. 06% yiBoeHfai ^^opn bi rpaHxa^ 
TH^ecsou ycTpoBcTB<b (npH o($paaoBaHiir BpeHOHi) ocTajmcb JiHmb 
ci'bAH Becua BesBauTOJiBHHe (cp. § 88). H poKancKie abhiw, 
wb cbod oqepoABi Moryn jRasaTB na Becbxa nexHorowcjreHHoe 

KOJR^eCTBO yABOeHHHX'b CJiOB%^ q^H'B HOATBepSAaeTCA BHBOA*B, 
BHTOHaDDliS B3^ CpaBB6Bi£ yABOeHBHX'B $OpHl Vb paSfllirb OT- 

pacuxT»: qin muvl^ 6jiiise &i nepBoeaqajibHOMy Tiny, ^fbvb 
ASHicB &kffli^f riwb BCTpiweTCH mmfi yABoeaie; qftii ewki 
pasBiTte, Tim om tfojifte crjiasHBaeTCtf, ynponiaa cjioshhji 
^opMH. Bi cJitAyDnieii'B BpaTKon (K^osptaiii ABjeniif yABOOHui 

Vb MHAO - 6Bp00e8cK08 OTpaCJIH DpeACTaBEHl f,U HarJIflAHOCTI 
JEHIDl BtoOTOpHe HpHlltpH , OTHOeBn^ieCfl Bl OTA^JIBBHMl COMB- 
BM'B JISHfiOB'B. 

§ 30. npnftpH HB!B ca&cspHTa. 3a1cb yABoeaie o^HapysE- 
BaoTCfl: 

a) npH o6pa80BaBiH npomoABiaro BpeieHH: bhid (pacsoioTb) 
npom. Bp. Mbhida^; tfid ('iWifun)-^tut6da^; dd (AftTb), daddu; 
ci(co6HpaTb)— cicq/a*; gam (hath) — gagdma; ^ra^(B3BTb) — 
gagrdha; bhU (0HTb) — habMva (Henpae.). IIpH Ropn^ixx, Baqn- 
BBDn^iixcH cb va-j vb yABoesHOMi eiori a BHnaAaei'b, a v ne- 
pexoAHTi vb u: uvdsa (obi sb») oti wa (sHib; bo vm 
Bi dHanefliH odiheamh HHtoTi vavdsa); uvdha (bn. ''t;at;(iia^ 
OTi t;a/( (yehere); e^t;4pa (on vap^cisin); uvdca (csasaJiE'by 
roBopBxi) OTi vac; uvdda orb vad (roBopHTb). 

b) IIpH o($pa80BaEiH BacTOiintaro BpeieBH aeMBorHXi rjraro* 
lovb OTb cooTBtTCTBeHflHXi BopHefl: doddmi (aaD| rpev. ^/(W 



^ KopeHBUfl rjacBUji i b v nepe/rb npoctoio av.iacBofl no^sepraiOTCfl c/'M/fr, 

HO TOIfcMO Vb eABBCTBeBHOirb ^HCJ'fi. 

' Aar. tutudi, cp. 2-c JBm mhox. ^rac caecBp. «opiL: tuiuda^ rpefl. r6ri/<p«r«. 
3 BirfiCTo *a-ce-a, Taicb-KaKb e oepcAi* rjacHOK) onaTb paajaraeroi sa cdoh 
nepBo6iiiTiJUji qacTv* 



yABOIHIS Bl 0AH0KPHT9. § 30. 61 

lii) OTi dd; hibTutr-mi (necy) on hhar- (^^^-a); dorfAeJmi 
(uaAY? CTaBJin, rpeq. rlBti-fxi) orh sopn. (2M (xp^-l^oir. AI^^h); 
^'M'tni (ocTaBjifli)) on 3i(i; U-bM-mi (6omb)y oti 6Af (ko- 
peHBafl rjiaeeaA noisepraeTCfl rjH'b); gt-hrS-mi (mhI eraAHo), 
on hrt; guM-mi (sepTByn) on hu^ 

c) UpH otfpasoBaniH sejaiejiBHaro mx9i(de8id&rat%vum)vzz,voAh' 

HUl BOpeHB, RpOli npHCTaBSH Kl KOHIty 5, YABOflOTCir (c% TtMH-se 

orpaHHqefliflMH y BaKi h npn o^pasoBaHia npomeAmaro BpeaieHH), 
npH ^eiiy ecjin sopeoHaa rjiaeaafl u hjih cjtoiRHGitl ci Hen saya's 
( AByrji. 6^ du)^ TO a bi yABoeaHOMi cjiorl aajiaeTca ei, bi ocrajib- 
HHX'b se cjiyqaan %. IIpHiitpa: bu-bhut-a-Ami (xejaio ysaarb) 
on BopH. bhud; si-smajts-dmi — on smi (awbBnea); ci-Mrs- 
dmi^onkars (raniHTb); tutddajis-dmi (<KXoqy sacraBHTB y^ia- 
pHTB»; aTo cjioBO npoACTaBjaen sejiaTenHyiD j^opMy npHqaaH- 
Tenaaro ttdaj-) on aopHa tud h np. 

d) npH o^paaobaaia rjiarojiOB'B ci ycMeHHHMi. BHaqenieH'B 
(xaai Had. intenma) nvb npocran RopaeB aTi nocjiiAHie hoa- 
jiezan yABoeaix), ci tod tojibso oti npeAmecTByon^ax'B ciy- 
qaoBi paaaeiieH), qTO yABoeHHsB (a ae BopoHHoB) ciion hoa- 
Bepraerca ryat: cicimi (cotfapai) e^ ycHJiieH'B, Tn^aTenao h 
np.| on T6HH cici) nop. a (colligere); dddShmi (on duh=^ 
Aohtb); bobhdmi^ {on bM^Cun) h np. 

e) Bcji^ACTBie aecoapanieaaaro nojaaro yABoenia ataoTopax'b 
^acTofi ptqH, ocotfeHHO se eyn^ecTBHTeJBHHX'b h npajiaraTejiB- 
HHXi, B'B H3BtCTHHx% ^^opHaxi H DaAOxaxi 0(!pa3yH)TCfl H6 p'bj(- 
KO m^iim: punah'punar (^acTO), punar (onsTB); Jcsani-Jcsani 
(nocToaaao, desapepQaao — ot'b ftsa^a— MrnoBeeie, HHn); Jcal^ 
jankaljam (aaasAoe yTpo,= «ympo ympoy>; Jcalja — pascain); 
mandan-mandam (o^obb MOAJieHHO, man aa maroai; manda= 
vMeA-KOHHuB, He^ojBDioB, TasejHB»); Svam-iva (to^hd Tasi, 



^ Rpom d'Caj'tnu, ddduh't'im, hd-hhav'tmu 



62 yxBoiHii. § 80. 

jiase TAKi, HMeHHO) V np. Taun npHMipoBi kosho npHBecn 
BecbMa HHoro; jABoeHHiiir cyniecTBBTeibHQfl, hi^ ycHJieflHoe ssa* 
qenie npocraxi, uh nepexoxii vb paspiiA'B flapt^ili eroan 
nao^e Bcero n BHHBTennoii'B, tbopbtojiihohi , hjii HieTHoai na- 
Aosaxi. 

YABoeBEHMH (BpeHMyqecTBeRHO b^ nepBOHi cjiort) cxoaan 
osasHBaDTca BpoMt Toro HHorAa h TaKiir, otfpasoBaHie soTopan 
Be noniofjm si BSoneBajioseHHiiM'B CDoeotfaHi; ciOAa npiraax- 
jresaTi ocotfeiHO cyn^ecTBHTeibBHa, un aoTopHXi tfdibmaa qacTi 
BpoBCXosxeBia say vonoxpasaTeiBnaro ; nanp. kaiaJcaia (hbofo* 
CTopoHBiS myHiy Bpia^; cjiobo sajEonoAp.; npocToe kola saa- 
nn <c3ByK«b Berpoiail, sysxaHBe, wpHBaHbe»); Jdnkini (noacB 
ci KOJiOKOJiBqBBaiH , no^pasyniRH); kunrkuma (ma^paHi; h bi 
OTpacJiH HHAo-eBpone8cKoB| paBHO Ras^ bi ocTajEBHHxi , Hasaa- 
flifl MHonxi pacrefliff npeACTaBjiai>n yABoeHHsa <j[»opHu); kuk^ 
kura (cotfaaa); kukJcuta (iAT^rb;o6tk cjioaa — SByaonoApasaTen- 
HHa; cpexHee k bi nepaon h bo BTopoai cjiyqaaxi octb says'B 
ynoAotfjieHBHB ~ Bi nepaoHi cjiobI hbi r, ao BTopon'bse Entj 
Tasi-^TO kukkura ctohti bmIcto ^kur-kura^ a kuk-kuta Bii- 
CTO *kut'kut-a); kuhu-kuMj (BHpaxaTB caoe yABBjioHie); Mr- 
kurd (EMfl AOMOflBy nyraDoiaro AftieS); krakara (poii aypo- 
DaTKH, nHJa); gargara (aoAOBopon, nyvfla, poA'B lysiisajTB- 

Baro HBCTpyieHTa; cp. jibt. gurgea); ^ujrjrf^e«(<xbdellion»=xpft- 
rosi'bflBHl sanaxi h ii1uie6Hoe B6mecTB0»; cjiobo npovsomjio 6%n 
coMBtHia H3<B * gvl-gulu^ no aaaioriH kukhura h kuk-kuta); 
carcara (RyApaane boioch — RopeaB car); tar-tarika (jiOAsa^ 
HejHOBiy Bopa(Sj!B; hs'b ycueaHcB riaroJBBoB 4>opHH on Ropaa 
tar anepenpaBMTBca ^epesi ptay, nepexoABTB»); tdta (otoii'b, 
qejiOBta^ QOVTOHHEiSy npenoxo(SHBll; otfi otohi cjioaft (Shjto yxe 
ynouByTo); d[f;aif(2t;a(veTay napa, cpaxeeie; ^^opa'a yABoeaHaro 
^HCiHTOJiBHaro dva=dea); dundubhi ((SapaSaa'B, jiBTaBpa, ($y- 
6m%; yABoeao En ^ dubh-duhh-i) ; ndnd (paamaEil, pa3B00({- 



yXBOBHIl B*b OIHOKPHT'B. § 80. 63 

pasHHl); dur^urAta (BHpasoHie BeyxoBOJiBCTBiff , nopniiafliH ) , 

param-para ( cjitAjDniil *pyri sa Apyrow; cymecTBHi. pa- 

rawparrf =nop«o», leiOAi; para=i^ivot, hhoB); piptlaka 

(poA'b ({ojBmaro Hepearo lypaBui); hudbuda (nysupB); gad^ 

gada (8aHBai>miB6ir» JieneqymiB; npoHcxoAHn on rjiaroiiiiaro 

KopBB ^odssroBopHTB, ep. DoiBCK. ^oda^ »roBopHTBy (Soitbtb; 

SI Heiy npHHHRaDrB pyccB. tadamh^ vemcs. hddati); manmafha 

(tforb jiKSbi; orb sops, manth = xBHraTB, TporaiB); Wasa 

(cBAHoe, CTpacTHoe sejiaeie; 2M=xejian); ^ar^ara (ApiiusS, 

pasopBaaflHt, pacKOJOTHS; sop. ^ar li^coeTaptTBGiry ((htb xpirx- 

iBWb on erapocTB; OTiyjia ^ran^^yt^ooy <i(CTapHBi»); mumuJ(^ 

(c(vyxpeiii| HcnojuBDn^iR to, ^to BeAorb B^ B^TOOiy tfjasoH- 

CTBy»y co6eTBeH. «sejai)n(iR ocBO((oAHTBCir, cnacTHCB^; ^opMa, 

otfpaBOBaHHRfl on zeJiaTOJiBHaro bhab Rope. muc); SiSira (xo- 

joabhI); mrJcsd (oxotb, xejraflie coTBopHTB UTO-BHtfyAB — npo- 

BcxoAHn oT'b xejaieiBHaro bbab sopfl. sar^ = cotbopatb); 

hdhd ((SpaHHHK spHBi; ciobo SByRonojipasaTejiBBoe); gagat 

(cBin; cotfcTB. aHAyntiK, ABHrai)nii8cjii>; on Rop. ga—gd ea* 

n ) ; tuntuka (Hetfonmol, BpoxoTHHff, tbopahV); talatdla (xjio« 

naBBO wh jiaAomHy pyaonjiecRaflie); pdlpiUana (mfiion; riaFOJi. 

poipHHaj — CMBBBTB, CTEpBTB); catcd ( pasiHniieHie, cysAOflie; on 

ApeBHBro ycHieHBaro carcar^ yABoesHaro car); ca^ (hjih can- 

ctl=zmwb; 8T0 cjobo o6M6Bflen Booni.— Gloss. 129, a— hb'b 

caicam^ ycBJOHHoS tohh Ropofl cam=tCTB, TorAa-aan Boh- 

^eV — Gloss. 110— npoHSBOAHn ero on narojia cane «ABHraTB- 

ca BsaAi H BnepoA'B, ApozaTB*, KOTopoe npBHHMaen sa Hcaa- 

xeBHyD 4^opHy ycHJieiBaro can-coif on Ropa. cdl); dardura 

(uryniRa; n BShd. & Both^ Skr. Wtb. III. 526, npoAnoM- 

raercH ocaoBaflie aayRonoApazaTajBHoe; Bonai— Gloss. 181, a — 

saxfttteTi opi BTOM'B cjioBft: forma redapl. incertae orig.; Bea- 

^B — Gloss. 142, b— npoBSBOABn ee on ApeaaeB ycHJiOHDoB 

^opiH Tjaroia c2ar = pasopBaTB, pacaajiHBaTB; urymRa, no 



64 7AB0BHIS. § 31. 

ero khIhuo, nojiy^Hjia rasoe HasBEHie <Kno ex ocotfeHHOiy co(h 
co($y njiaBaHBH bu npHraHBfl»); daridrd (6un 6iffluwb, hh* 
meBCTBOBaTB); pt^mpacd (po^^ pacTeiiiii, <xGurcumaaroDiatica», 
on pac= ne^hf cosptoaTb; Tasi - HasBaBHut BtpoxTHO noTOiy, 
qTO HeAJieflB0'vC03p'&BaeTi>) h np.* 

§ 31. HhoS OT^acTH npoTiiBi> cancRpHTcsaro cnocotfi yABoenU 
ycHarpHBaeTCfl bi Ap6bHe-6asTpiKcsoB'B fldust. He Hiten, ko- 
Be^flo, vb Bajneii pacnopHseaiB ctojb tforaiaro jeKcasajiBBaro la* 
Tepiajia, sasi h% caHCBparb; AOoieAOiie ao aacb naMflTHHBB, bb 
cpaBHeHiH ci caflCspBTCKEiHy wb itftjiocTB coAepzari Bope&Hnz'B 

B . npOH8BOABBXl CJIOBl flOMHOrO. BaSBHB OTJIBqiB APCBHO - (iaiL- 

ipiflcBaro BdiiKa on caHcspETCBaro oi^ycJioBJBBanTCfl yxe ^j^o^- 
HeinqecKHKi ero cociaBon. YABoeHie opocTHX's KopaeB, oKaaqaBaR)- 
DiHXCB Ba corJiacHyK), vb uevb boitb HBRorAa no BCTpiqaercB; 
e'cJiH ocflOBEiBaTB CBOB BaKJiDqeBiji Ea AoeTynflux^ Han's h BHpa- 
tioTaBHUXTi Aoceji'b Marepia^iaxi, to osaSHBaeTCB, ^to ^^opMEi, 
Ba&i caacsp. dundubhi^ gadgada b boa., ho Korjifl odpasoBaTBCB 
Bi flSHEt ApoBHe-tfaBTpiBcBOMi , AonycRaDo^eH'B rjiacHai'b (Sojib- 
mee vh cpaBHeHii ci caHCRpBTOH'B pacnpocTpaBenie (ep. Hanp. 

c 

(OOTB^TCTBie caacRp. blir- mr- ApeBHe-(JaRTp. bero- mere-, BciaBay 
rJiacBHX'Fy HaaBaHByi) aneBresBCOHi h np.). CiiorB pasjiaraDTCB oco- 
(SeflBO Tlll^, ^TO TjacBHfl BCTaBjianrcH bx TaRRX'B sByROBHxi 
ROHnjieRcax'B , rAt bi eaJCRpBTCROii asuRt jijLfL SToro Be osa- 
SHBaeTca hh MaAtBnieB noTpe($BOCTB. He cHOTpa Ba bto, yABooHBEia 

4)0pil£l BCTptqaiOTCB AOBOJBHO ^aCTO, Vh yABOOHHOH'B CJOrl JIB- 

jiaetcB opaBUBBo OABa tojibro RopeBaaa corjiacBaa. yABoeHHua 
4)opMH B BA'bcB Be ptABo ORaBEiBaDTCH Bps o^pasoBaniii pasBHrB 
BpeHeB^B B BBRJioHefliB BBi rjaroJBHHX'B BopBeB. Eb btoB Ra- 
Teropia DpaaaAJtesaTi aaBpaii. cJiliAyion^ifl : dadTiami (a&h>; 
cpeAaiB saiorx: daidM abk>i BanpBM., cc8an^RTyi>; nepa. m^. 
HBOx. dademdki); dadhditi (obi» CTaBHTB, RjiaAOTB; on Rop. 
cl(t = caBCRp. (2A^^; sftmnanti (oaft posAftDTi » bpobbboabti*— 



7AB0EHIB B^ 3BHAGS011 flSHElft. § 81. 6^ 

3-6 JiHq. MHOS. TOCJT. HacT. BpoM. 0Tb zon = caHcsp. ^an »= po- 
zhtb); jaiata (tpjahjch, Toponi!.icH — TpoT. jhii. npomoAm. Bpex. 
ovb jat==ctL^CKj^» jot); tUdrcyeiti (on CTapaeicH npeoAO^iftiB, 
DodtAHTB; HacT. BpeH. npH^KHHTejiBHoB 4^opKQ OT'B tar ocnepe- 
xoAHTB, no($iAKTB)»); zaozaomt (npHBUBai), iojdcb — OT'B i8rt«, cp. 
H £aozUuj$j HeonpoA'i^i. HaBJiOHeme CTpaAaTejBHaro sajiora). 
Sas'B npiTHipH cyniecTBHTejiBHHXB h npniaraTejiBniixx (ejh npn- 
^acTiB, o($pa30BaH^Hx^ hbi toiix seiaTemni'B oarcioBi ) mozho 
npHBecTH: irtrica (noBpezA^Hie , Eop. iric; ir^ yABO^eTcir h Hcnci- 
THBaerB bo BTopoMi ejrort jAJiBHeHie) ; zamran (Hy^HTejB; jeror 
=xyqHTB); t-aresa (sejaioqiif, HaiipeBaiomiBcfl panHTB; npo- 
HCXOA0TI OT'B zejiaTOJiBHaro HasiOHeHU sops, ros =GaHCBp. ars); 
cakhra (KOJieco; Bop. car- opoHSomeji'B hb'b *kar'j Tas'B^qTO 
nepBOHa^ajTBHafl <{iopMatfiua ^ha/r'Tcar-a^ coBpan^eHHafl wh *ka' 
Jcara=*'kakra=ca'kraf cp. cancsp. ca-kra] nepBO^HTHoe kar 
ycMaipHBaeTca eine bi rpeq. x/^xo^, Jiai. cir-cwZ*z*s =Kip-Kyji-yc 
I npO; hisdra (zeJian^lB sau^Hn^axB; oti har^ h osaaaBaeTCii 
npeACTaBHTOJieHT nepROHa^ajiBHaro mHUflqaro 3ByBa); cikJmusa 
(sejaromiB yAOB-ieTBopHTB — OTi>khsnu); zazva^ (ToponnmiBca, 
CHjiBHuB, on zu: zazva ctoht'b BHtCTO ^za-zu-a); dadhvdo 
( TBOpem — Bop. (2ei=CBp. dhd); dtdraghzanh (yspinjienie — 
OT'B dragJhz); vtvdra (nepenaAaBie aoza« — orB Bopn. vdr); 
sasanh (noxBajia, BOCXBajieHie — 01 r. BOp. Sanh — Cf. cancsp. 
Qav8 H npH^aciie npomeAmaro BpexoHii gasta njim gansita); vt- 
varesa (zejaioniiB, CTapaD^iBca cjysaTB — * sejiaT. naBJ. OT'B 
f;are^=A'ibBcTBOBaTB) AtjaiB, pa^oTaTb). 

npHHtpa npBqaciiB ci yABOOHHHX'B rjarojBnHM'B Bopneui: 
vorvazd-fiem (bhhht. naA* npnq. npom. Bp. cpeAH. saj. oti 
f7ajer=CKp. vdh — jar. veh-ere-^vec-tum); ma-manua (pa3- 



^ K)cTH— Handb. d. ^endspr. 368 — npiinHyaerb n na&ma (crpana, icpaft) aa 
jABOesHjio «opMy^ ho vb Taicoirb cjjua'B cj'MOBajo 6i»i npuHBTb h nam (o6pa- 
TBTSCfli CKJOB0TbCji) sa r.iaiui'b yABOeBDIilfi. 



66 FXBOBHIS. §§ 31—32. 

]iHmiJrR)ii(iV, otfxyMHBaniitiB — npnq. hect. Bpev. cpexn. ui. on 
man'); goQakustema (o BecBva y^eHBl! seaT. na^es'b npesoc- 
XOAH08 eTeneHH npnqacTiH Jipom. apev. oti gac=jifLThy yqim); 
i^n^onana (yAOCToeHHHB; npHqaciie npom. apev. cTpa:^* saiora 
orb han=YJ[fiCTOiin; epaaH. a AanAant^^emem octfoibme aeixi 
yAOCTOHBoiarOA BaaaT. na.i. npaq. aponi. apex. A'^Bctb. aaj. ai 
$opH!b npeaocxoABoB CTenena) a np. 

Jljpyrie npaiipEi: -^xiperefdna (cpaseaie, tfopb(?a -« acTpi- 
meTca a^ cjrosHoa'b <x(2a?i&tfp^j>^r6f(lna»'— <K(SopB6a sa spaa, 
0Kpyra»); hawri (($o((pi; cp. caacap. bcibhru = EXBe^wwb^ 
nepcBACR. hebr^ nim. biber^ aari. heaver a np.; aopoRB 9Toro 
cjioaa aeasBiteTeH^); nainaigtar ( pacnpocTpaHaTe.vb ) a np. 
YABoeaie ABycjiosaaro cioaa aavbqaeTca b'b ghzare- ghzarenti 
(BipoaTBoe saaqeHie aaHaapaa aapaniarocay aananiaro»). 

§ 32. PasBBTie npaaitaaa yABoeaia, vh OTaomeaia aasi k% 
caacapaTcaoHy, raai a ai ApoBae-tfasTpiBcaoay asdaaai, ayqme 
Bcero aosBO npocjrbAHTB ai asaaaxi, npaao oti aan npoacxo- 
ffiwsxh\ nosToay npeACTaaax^B atcaoJiBBO npaaipoB'B aai aaxy- 
CTaBcaaro a nepeaicaaro asaaoBi^ bi aoTopHxi yABoeaaQa cxoaa 
asotfajiyDTi. 

Upaa'bpH wh aaiycTaacEaro asHaa: ledSbedt (copeaaya, Ai- 
ATejibBo); lelAekdnd (tfojiTETB, xaoro roaopan); hiUMdnd {6^z* 
BOBoaTBca, MyqaxBca ((oxbid); Mbd, (cecrpa, ix^uum^ aaxosaaiia; 
cp. H Ubt=ladyf at npocToptqia rose o/cena; o($a cxoaa npa- 
aa^iiesarB ai paapaAy sayaonoApasaTejBaHX'B , o6o8Baqai)ii^axi 
CTeneHB poAcraa; cp. a pycca. 6a6a); perperdnd (({ox4tb); 
pulptddnd (($0flTBca, po($iTB); pUpU (aepei^'B; nepemio ai Ty- 
seHBHff asHRi asi nepcaAcaaro ^ ); turturd (A^arejiEaQB, ($iict* 
ptiB); tirtirdnd (aanaTb); ttmtundnd (pasAaaaTbca, aayqaTB; 
CJIOBO sayaoaoApaxaTejibaoe, aaa^ aoofin^e aaosecTBO aopaeB yABO- 



^ y^BoeHBoe cjoBo ecTb a quranCK^ chuchuri=^rpvi6rb. 



7AB0SHI1 Bl HHA70T. flSHSft. §§ 32 — 33. 67 

eHHHX^); ^^eldnd (6un b'b HeroAOBaRiH ) ; ^emgem (Beeria, 
aocTOAHHo); cupcdp (noJivajiHBnH); cipcipdnd ( npHutirjiflncir, 
npBjmaaTfc); cercer (ioJinEM^ sHBoif pasrtBopi); cercerdnd 
(TpeqaTB — saap. xpoaa bi orH^); cUcUdnd (speqaTb, nir- 
niaTb); cemcemdhet (achoctb, tfjiecKi; Rop. cem- npirMeKaeTi 
Bi caHcsp. cand cctfjiecTtTb^, OTsyjia candra vjiyaai), niiiraHCR. 
can): dddddnd (Btman, noTpuxHBan ) ; ddddt (6ojiothctuB); 
rtrijdnd (ojiaKaTs — ocotfeHHO o pe6oHK'b, dopxoTan; KHraHCS. 
rovav—uAMj); sensendnd (sbohhtb; canCKp. 8van=8onare); 
kdkd^ Atna co CTopoHH OTijia; MM=TeTm); keckec (cnopi, 
ecopa); hirUrdnd (TepeTB, iiapanarb); kUJcUd (rflftBi, aeroxo- 
BaHie); kumkum (m8<|)paHi; bto cjobo bi TaKoB-se 4^opMt Bcrpt- 
qaercji h bi caHcspiirb) ; kilki^ (rojiy^B ; cjt. SBysonoApasaTejibHoe, 
cp. anrj. to coo^Bopsoaan, caHcap. ghulaghuldrava=^ox'h 
rojiyr>fl); kiM (oaBjiaRi; caHcap. k6kd=uf^BMi{ufl spHRi); gerge- 
rdnd (rpeH^TBy peatTB, aaTaTBca); gdgd (jhhohi); gtdguld 
(cJiaAsiS nnpori); gehgehdnd (iposaTB, noTpacaTB); Wd (xo- 
SflHHi, MacTepi, pa6i); leblebd (jmnBiB; cp. eaacap. lip « migere, 
oblinere, Uno H3i */t^-no=jip. 6oir. abrmh); lH^H-d (lana); 
lehlehdnd (sdJiefliTB, ubIcth); mdmd (bjih mdmd — AAJi^fl co cto- 
pouu naTepn); mtmijdnd (tfiiejiTB — o sos'h); n(!n4 (a^a'B co cto- 
poHU MaTope) ; nunt ' (penis puerilis) ; MM (jTRCBaeie , npocB6a, 
BaBusqHBOCTB) ; hdhdt (tfojiteHB, 6ojrb) h np. 

§ 33. !taKHH%-ze otfpasoxi jABOfliOTCfl sopHH H Bi nepcHx- 
CBOMi iiSHKt ; oTHocflmiflcn cnjia cjioaa b<b tfoiBmencTBt cJij^aeai 
03Haiiax>n ciOHa SByKonoApanaTejiBHHHy hjih HasBaHia xhbothhxi, 
BHCTpyaeHTOK'B H np. IIpnHtpH: berber (6paAo6ptBy itapniBairKi , 



A Gp. naiaflcK. kakanda^ eupaxaioinee , xarb cjobo jacKOTe^bHoe, ■crapuiit 
6[yvrh^ lUH ■crapiaan cecTpa*; To-xe caMoe supaxaerb b kdkak oib kakak, 
Marsden, MaL Diet. 261, b, b S49. 

' Cp. MuaficK. /i<$#to (pudendum puellae nondum uubilis) b n^/ti (niiss, a 

youijg lady). 

6* 



63 YA BOSH IS. § 33. 

tioJiTyHi; DVCJiiAfieo sna^eHie o($pa30BajiocB isi AByxi nepBsxi; 
berher npoACTaBJijreT'b Toxe yABOOHHHB npeAJior'B «cHax>); heJAc' 
keh (co($Jia3HHT6Jib , noAJieirb); hdhd (6ojiBiDaa ^lOEa); hUM 
(hjh pupH a nsraJiHiia >» ; cp. jaTHHCs. upupa=^^jifiA'iy)f Hht 
(xeHQiiHBa, Aa^Ha, xopomiS); perper^ perperem (hojkoaaa sypo- 
naTKa); perpereh (sojotoI qepBOHeiti); jn^^t^!, ^^jpiJ (nepei^iy 
TBOBAHua; SBaqHTi Tose mono4!» — cp. laT. populus, airji. poplar^ 
Ap.-BiM. papuldj JsfbuL. pappdj cp. h ajid. rot>9rAiv=poA'birBopa); 
Urtirek ( PDA'S Bopo(ibfl ci EpacHOD roJiOBofi; ^rff(A;=BypocaTRa); 
te^mttim (xBOCTi> ABKaro BOJia); ttltt (nonyraH; h pyccs. cjiobo 
onasHBaeTca ci yABoeHHuii aaqajibHHM'b uotomi; cp. siajr. pap' 
pagallo , Ap* ^pasi^, pape-gai^ papegaut , aarji. popinjay , cp. 
E^iA. papegdn); tehteh (yMBOKeHHHff, Hasonj[eHHH8; teh^n^ocroi^ 
CK-iaAKa); tttt {mmiH SByai); ^er^er (bo3t>, nO;i08Ka); gir^r 
(606%); gdgd (hjih ^^eZ— aoJiosoji'by BOJiosojiBqiiiKH); gumgum 
(canori dyMaxHuB, sasoB hocat'L acpbhoih); ^ti^eJ bjih cilcA 
(liopodeB); cimr (c^ua abkoB ropq^iiEi); cekcek (^Bysi boah, 
KOFAa BanjieTx); cekdcek hjib cekdcdk (xpaniBBe, CTysoTifl ho- 
iiaMB); dddd (npflCJiyra, HBBBKa); debddb (aoctohhctbo, ropAOCTb); 
demdemeh (mynii, 6apa($aH^, o^iaHB; aP« demdemjd = iiLOft^ 
CJIOBO sByKonoApasaTeJiBHoe, BspasEaiDiitee, no BceB BipoflTHOCTB, 
BiyHi yAapaion^Bii aa CeperfB bojihi); diMlu (3ByKi ^jioBtei, hjih 
CBHp'bjin; cp. pyccK. dyd-na^ seines, dudy ccBOJHHKa^y fltii. 
dttdd'sack h np.); dehdeh (qQCToe bojioto); zerjsureh (poA'B 
nayna) ; eemzemeh (aiflie , dopMOTauie oraenoKJioHHHiiOB'B upH 
cBOHXi OMOBoiiUxi; cp. BtM. sum-mm^ ge-sum-se); sdsdn 
(oTmcJiBHBK'By HHiiiiH)| scTser (uepasyHBHfl, rJiynocTB, nospuBajio; 
npocToe ser ^EB,miiTi> lOAoea; serser= «yKOToparo ab* rcjoBH= 
^JIy^e^^; cp. b serser-i-kr «cJinBKH», (JyKB. ^noKpueaAo mo^ 
AOKar>); suksukt (6mk cepAUa); susu (npocu); ghurghur 
(mytti — Tose ghdghd^ ghtdghuleh^ cp. pyccs. tyM);gMghii 
(rojiy^B); fdfd (HsfipaBBnB, ptAsiB, oTJinqaaB); filrfur (sypo- 



^ yXBOBHiE. g§ 33—34. 69 

natsa, tfeisacB; csopocTB); fisfis (monon, mymjEaffBe) ; MTmus^ 
MknUs (iTTHiia ^enHSci); kdkd (BspociaH qejioBlsi, ciapaV 
pa6iy cTapmiS ((pan; BCTpt^aeTCfl bi tomi-xb CMHCJit h bi 
HHAJCT. iiSEiKt); Icebkebek (myHi, npoHSBOAHMiiB TonaHieHi non; 
cp. ^emes. A^j^-a^isToniaTB HoraiiB, rpeqeoK. xo^ros); X;erA;er 
(HasBame Bora, loryniecTBeHHsfi rusb, cocea; nepeQji ABa 
SHa^eHifl oducHflDTca t^m'b, qro fter, B&pasafl vcBJia, lory- 
Q6CTB0»y OTHOCHTca Ki Tiar. ker^dcm vA'iJidTbdxscaHci^p. Jbar- 
<«in^; kdlcd (topouhboctb , tfesnoRoBcTBo) ; MUtU HJia kulkvl 
{bddlium^ cancsp. guggtdu); MM^ giigH (BirnoTeBB); Mkurt 
(eipa); kewJceweh (lose kdkeh «coBax>); girgir (i^oj^ii ($o6aHM 
i^poxy); gvigHAt (BeceHaafl nporyjsa bi eajtax's; ctojeb cne- 
iliajiLHHXi SHa^eBiSy sasi bi btohi ciiOBft, Bctpt^aoT?^ uosecTBo 
B'B BocToqsHxi asHBaxi, HO , npeHKyoiecTB6HHO Bi apa((cBon; 
Bop. gul' cp. CB pyccB. tyA-smt); Wd (aHOiOHi, boahhoB na- 
nyTHHKi, roj^ieBeTopi) ; Meh (rioxBiiaHi, ahkIB i^b^toki); lib- 
Idb (njnoqi); les^dg (ueptmHHHB, pryTB); luM (selIqyr^; xose 
apa((cK.)y ^dnd (a'^a'b co CTopoHH Haxepn; rose vb HHAycT. 
flSHKt); werwereh ((Siuisa; nojBcs. mewiorka^ qemcs. i;et;erAxi| 
jya. ve^rca) h np.* 

§ 34. HesAy npo^HMB flausaHH HHio-eBponeBcBaro njeienfl 
npHBi^airB yABOOHk ycHarpHBaeTca bi rpaHuaTHqecsoxi ycrpoB- 
cTBt ocotfeHHO jiaTHHcsaro, rpeqecKaro h roTCsaro fl3HK0B^. Bet 

TpH CXOAflTCA Bl TOll, VTO HSBtCTHHO paSpflAB TJiarOIOBl, npH 

o6pa30BaQiH DpomeAmaro BpeiieHH, noABepraDTCJi bi KopenBOB'B 
ciovb yABoeniD^; Kpoaft Toro, cjioaaci yABoeHBHHi naqajiBHUHi 
eioroMi, sa HcoDqenieMB paspaAa 8BysoiiOApazaTeiBHHi*B, acrpt- 



* H<fiK0TOpuji Haib DpBBeAeHBbix'B a^^*^!* cjn}Bn» no npoucxoMMfimso^^po6caBpBO 
OBB naijqaiH opano rpaxAaHCToa u Kb oepcBACKOirb aauir^ 

' OrBOcmeiiiBO DpairfepoBi jABoeBBaro npomeAoiaro Bpenemi vh Kej&ircHom 
jRbiKS larb-To: he-be (yuepi), ca-chain (msji), tairchechmn (npeAcsaaaj'b) 
cc'cJiaing (obi ui&rb) h np. cp. Lottncr, Beitragei II. Geltiscb •italisch^ 317. 



70 yiBOKHii. § 34. 

UDTCfl Be ?acTo; hi ciaBUHO-jrHTOBcsoS coHBt ^HCio yABoen- 
Bux^ (j^opMi BocBHa orpaHHqeoBo: o($i oGpasoBaBiH npomeAmaro 
BpeMeuH oocpeACTBOH'B yABoeeiii ciiAa He eoxpaHEJiocb, npa or- 
eyTCToiH bi Bell cauocTOJiTejiBBoB ^opuH isfi btofo BpeieBH. 

npHMipn YABOCHHaro Bpomeimaro BpeieBB bi JlaTHflCKOl^ aau- 
Bt: (2eeli (a tfln; ueonp. (tore); ({id^tci (n j^HJica — neoop. 
discere); cecini (a ciJI^, oano oon); momorii (a yaycub — 
inor(2eOy sop. mard); spopondi (a Aft-i'^ otftTi — spandeo); fe- • 
/yW (a o6MaHyji^ — /WZo); C€ci(2i (a ynajii - coiio) h np. IIo- 
DaAa»TCA OABBKO yABoeflOHa rJiaroJibBHJi ^opaH h bi flaCTOHn;eH% 
BpeMBBH, TBK'b Hieuflo: Qigno (npoasBOsy, pasAaR>)H8i» ^gi-gen'O, 
Kop. gan= caflcap. jan^ n KOTopuHi bi CBfl.)H cjaRHHcs. 
aK6Ha; (2etto(n6peAaH); de^ Bopoqen, HoacBO npHHaTb h aa npeA* 
lori); Ubo (iibd; hsi j^a-jpa-mi; bi BacToaoieHi apeiieBH co- 
OTBtTCTBeHBaro caHcap. Kopua pd HBueTca Toxe yABoenie : |n^ 
hdmi Hjih jpit;({my vji!b h m v opeACTaBJiaDTi HSirbaeHHoe Apea- 
flee p; TOSA^CTBeHHOCTb nepBHX'j. AByxi corJiacEHXi AoaasuBaer- 
ca yze MTHHCKQib hibo); memoro (noBtcTByi), paacBaaHBai); 
DO aaaiioriH cpoAHHX'b aopueS BftpOiiTBO u^ "sma-smar-ami^ 
cp. caHcap. amor = QOHHHTb — ApeBne-($aKTp. mar^ aoTopoe 
€OKpanieHO aai *}mar = *sma/r)\ sisto (cTdBJii), nocraBjai)) 
OTi Bopaa ato=CToaTb (yABoeaie npBAaen SA'bcs r.iaroxy aaa- 
qeaie DpBqHHiirejbuoe); ver-ber-o ((Sbi), koho^j^ En *ver'ver*o) 
np. 

IIpHMtpaMH yABoeflia oaasHBaDTca apoit Toro h cjiiAynniifl 
e^oaa: atir^a ( yTpeHBaa aapa — aaiApeBB. au868'af Rop. aiir= 
aus^BsfiS' cp. JiBTOBCR. ous^raf caacap. ni-as hjih ttla=dila- 
culum, rjiar. us^vopin; on raaoro-se Bopea npoBcxoAHTi h 
ApeBfle -tfojir. OYTpo, CToaoiee BxtcTO ^oycTpo^ cp. MiJdosichf 
Lexic. PalaeosloY. 1077); cuctdus (coccyx Pliiu aaHxcTBOBauo 
HBi rpeqecaaro asHsa, boao^ho aaai ^i^aa =HcnojiHB'b, aop. gan^ 
cp. poA. gigan-tis) «ByaymKa»; papUio (tfatfoqaa); turtur (rop- 



yABOIHIS Bl JIATHHOK. flBHKfi. § 34. 71 

jHi^a); murmuro (poniQy — cji. SBjsonoApasaTeji&Hoey pasHO aasi 
DpeAinecTByDqee ); papdver (Hasi); pijper (nepeiti; npoHsonuo 
no BceB BipoflTuocrn an ^pir-per^ cp. nepcHACS. pU'pU); furfur 
(oTpydn; npocToe /*f^r - HsiiftaeHO hsi far-^ ?t6 DOATBepxAaet- 
GJi npoHBBOAHHn OTTjAa /ar-ina— My K&); farfar-us (pOAi^ pa- 
CTeBin^tfftjiosooHTHHS'b); mvtTTa (a^pHBaHcsiB xopesi, cp. ^emcK. 
f;et;erX;a— nepciACK. ti^eru^er^ =d'&jiBa); curculio (hjih gurgu' 
lio «ut($H£iB qepBbx); eurcuiiunctUua <xqepBflqos'B)»; ce^ce^mi^ (ory« 
peiii); cucurhita (thsbs; OTTyAa uin. kurbiss 6e^^ yABoeHaa- 
to cjrora); populus (eapoAi; RopeHi pdl^ him Bipate par— 
cHaDOJiHflTB^, cp. rpeq. TtlixTthsfifx^^ m cancBp. pa/r^ OTsyAa pHl/r^ 
nasBnojiHHE; CDAa^xe npMHaAJiesMT'b Ap6BHe-6ojir. nAiKiiy pyc. 
noMn ci OKOHqaflieMi -ki; h j>ojpi({f^5 ci AOJirHMi o=<xTonoj[B» 
6CTB CJioBO CI yABoeHHHMi sopeHHEiMi cjioroxi, cp. HtM. pappd^ 
^panit. peuplier^ AP«-<$ojr. TonoAk, aji6. rouTTAiv); cicer (obc- 
iiiB, tiapafiil ropon; OTCUAa bto cjiobo nepenuio bi H'bM. mshsx: 
£»c%er-er&5e^; bubtdcus (naxapB, sopoBiB nacryzi; iJiarojiir: 
bubidcUari^utkzn aopoBi); baburrtis ((SesyvHiiB, rjiynHl; ba- 
^ti^=AypaKi); piipvia (A'^BOMsa, sysojiKa; yMefiBiDHTejiBHoe 
oil pApa, HMtoiuaro To-se cbmoo SHaqeHie); perperam (omM- 
6onOf HonpaBo)'; purpura ((SarpaHsa, nypnypi»); gurges (vo^* 

^ io=H'bM. gurgd); career (TnpBMa, totcb. Jcarhara^ ap-'hAm. 

» 

karkerif hIm. kerker^ npocToe kar BCTptqaeica n caHcap* 
kdrd=^car'Cer)^ h np. 

§ 35. Bi» rpeqecaoMi Msust npHBififn'b jABoeHU npoBeAee'B 
npM o5pa30BaHiM pasHcixi j^opMi rjiarojia m BHb ero; bi cpaa- 
HefliM ci laTMHCMMMiy cioBa ^lanite osasHBaDTcii yABoefiBUMM. 
yABoeaie rjaroJiBBHX'B aopneK ycMaTpeBaeica : a) npM odpasoaa- 



1 EcjB aaplqiji jABOJiioTCfly to bxi SHaqeiiie jcBjBBaercji : unde^savnjMt MM* 
dt'Wide cftBCtOAJf (ysKjABn^^JAi^i ubi (ta^)^ abiubiesame^^, tab bii-} quan. s=z 
■aicBi atoAh^quamquamssxom, npe Bcem xom a np. 



72 yABOKniE. § 35. 

HiH npomeAinarc BpevesH^ b) bi HibsoTopHX'B KopBflxi>y olSpaaynt- 

a) npH otfpasoBafliii npomeAOiaro BpeiiefiH BopeHHoB cjion qa- 
CTO npeTopo'bBae'rb pasuHii HSMiBeBiBi oco6eHflo vb CBoe8 rjiac- 
uoB: Kcc/jLvoo (pa6oTax)| xpyxjcB), Ki'Kf4fi'Koc (oqeBHABO nsi *X8- 
KccfX'fiKcc^ nocpeACTBOHi BHnycBa BopeHHoI rjiacHoS; nepecTanoB- 
Rf RopeBfloB rjiacBoB cb nacjtAyi>niei> corJiacBoB npeAnoiaraTb 
HejibBfl); rifji'Voo ( pasAtJiflBo, pi>xy) rhiJ^ti-Koci irhoo (nho) cre- 
^QO'Koc (Rop. co6eTB. pa- ; ttoo- cooTB<bTCTBy6n nepBodiiTBOiiy 
pd"); (iocivoo (HAy) (H't^fj-Kx i y^a^w (ntimy) y^-y^oc^aj dua> 
(flpHHomy zepTBy) W-dt>>xo( ( npBAEixaTejibBafl coraacuafl ne no- 
sen CTOflTb B^ yABoeiiflOMi CJiori); x^ivoo (cyxy) yJ-K^^Koci 
Ko^'Too (6hfOf y^apiiD) Ke-K07r*x (2 npom. Bpeu,, TorAa-RaR% 
nepBoe HMten ^opiiy Ki'Ko(p<c) h np. 

b) E'b rjiaroian, o($HapysHBax)n(iiH'b yABooHByi) $opxy yse 
vb EMTOBmfiWb BpeieHR H npBMHRaDmHiL'b bcjAactbIo 8Toro K% 
TpoTbeiy paspjTAy caBccpHTCBHX'b TJLarojiOB'b, npnuaxJiosaT'b cjtt- 
xyDB^ie: itS^occncoo ( y($trai), Rop. S^ct- JW^-, npomeAmee Bpeutf: 
^g'S^xKcc); rtr^co'cncoo (paHH)| Rop. tar); ith'Tf^dicrKOD (crpoAaK)^ 
cp. eaacRp. hrt RynsTb; nepexoA'B nepBo((aTHaro h "Sh p aeoAno* 
RpaTHo saxt^aeicx wh rpe^ecROMi sswl% cp. Trore^off «roto- 
j^hB an AByxi?x> cascBp. katara; aojiiflcu. ^r/tru^-^^ = ^leTspe, 
aax. quatuor, cancRp. caivdr- m% "katvdr h np. G% ^/-Tr^c^oTco) 
anpoABD^y cp. Ttqi'UfjLut noRynaK); npeAnojEOAeaie o npoHcxos* 
AOHiH o($OBXi cjOB'b H81 OABOFO, o($ii;aro Hii, RopnB^ npB $op- 
Haibnon cxoactb^^ RopaeB h cooTHomeHiH otfoDARnxi aaa- 
^esiBi BecbHa BtpoflTHo); /uz/Lcy^fo-xo) (dohhe), BanoMBHaiD — Rop. 
man^ ep. jtbt. me-min-i (xbombioio, bbi ^ma-man-i); ^/-tt/ox^ 
(noDy noBTb; yABoeaie coo6mjaLQTb narojiy BBaqeaie BpaqflBHTejiB- 
Hoe: ^/y(»=nbiDy 7ri^/(ne(»=3acTaBJiBH) nnTb=noH); TaR9B-senpH- 
H^p^ BpeACTaBjiAeT'b npsBeAeHBoe Bume Jiar. si^o anocxaBjaD^); 
y/-yvo5-o76« (ysfliai)) --caQCRp. ^»4 (Rop.); ^tercw (naAaio) — 



yAfiOSHIl Bl IPSqECKOIl ilSBRft. § 35. 78 

oponomjio, BCJiiACTsie BQnycsa KopeHUoll rjiacHoB, m% ^Trs-Trer'-oo^ 
cooTBtTCTByiDiiiaro nepBO($nTHOiy "pa-pat-a'tni; sop. pat^ csp. pat 
(m^9,n\ip.'6osv.naffltH; r/rci6/v(»«»rf/v»=(TaHy);Tixr(» (posaK)) — 
o(SpasN)BaBo nocpexcTBOxi nepecraflOBKH h31 ^i-rn^^ cospan^eH- 
Haro B*b CBOD o^epoAB H3*b V/-rf)c-(v, sop. tah. (Bropoe r wb 
rixTM osasoBaeTCJi SBysoii kopchhhji'b, a uo npH^aBO^HHX'B, sasi 
6u Koxflo saBJo^HTBi npsHHHaa vh cooCpasenie rJiaroJiH, Eaici- 

TO: KO'TT'T^OOy KOp. KO^-, KA^-T-W, KOp. xAct*-, ^%-r-», KOp. 

^i^*, cap. A;sijp, BcctT'T'Oo^ sop. ^tt^r- h np. Tasoe saBJDqeiie 
onpoBepraeTCfl rjiacHOD i vb rkrof, AOsasHPaDnieDy qxo r/^ecTB 
cJior'b yABOOHHEiBy a He sopeHHoB; Htfo a) bo BC'bx'b OTuocjnQHxca 
CDAa rjiarojiax'B, sasi yse HBCTByen h3i npBBeAeBHHX^ Ha bh- 
Aopssy npHS'bpoB'B, rjacHaa yABoenflaro ciiora ecTS toxbeo <c/)»; 
b) H3% cpaBBeflifl nponsBOAHEixii rhc-vo-v cpoacAOHBoe AHT;r», rhc 
OS €^msLi> H rotc-€vff apoAHTeib, OTeiii», roK'Oit ^poAH, abta, 

npOA6HTUl», BHXOAHT'by ^TO KOpeHB AOISeHl 6UTh TSK'^ COOTB^T- 

CTBjDHiliB nepBOHaqajBHOxy takj a HHSorxa ne mopb HxtTB <{iop- 
HH rix> Tasi-saEi hs'B r/x- HHSorAft ne vlotjlo o^paaoaaxBca 
rsK^^ tkwb lOH'be ycHJieHHoe rox-); Jm-KocI^oimoc^ (crpacTHO se- 
aai>, Tocsyn); fxsfjLhiJLcci (noApasaio), sop. ixcc; ylyvcixcc$ (npoHcxo- 
sy, A^Jfti>CB--coBaaAaeTB ex xaTHHCs. gi-gn^) hsx ^ys-y gy-ofxeciy 
sop. ganf ^e-ilmo/JLca — ycTpama]D*-(Kfdi tfoiocB. Hsi paspiTAarxa- 

■ 

roiOBi Ha -f(i AOXSBO hphbocth: Jarti-fxi ($opMa era yABoeHa, 
Tas^-sasi i sacTyHaen sicTO nepBonaq. ii^; ,7(rrfiiA$ tccTor, 
CTaBJix»!>, cooTB^TCTByen cji'&AOBaTejiBHO nepB05HTH. ^sistd-mi^ 
cp. xaTHHCs, si-sto); rlBfiiJn (sxaAy, noxara©— hbi *da-da'ix$ — 
eanesp. da-dM-mi^ sop. (2a=6aHesp« dhd)) Moo^/ju (Aai)) — 
eancsp. da-dd-mi^ sop. dd; 'TgUiA'TfT^-fjit (HanoxHAX)) — sop. 
par (fjL BCTaaxeHO, cp. aopHCT'b i-7t}Ji'<roo) ; rlr^/xs (npocBopxH- 
Bai), sop. tar); x/-%^-/l«/ (lai) bi Aoxn) sop. %fa — cp. jff«o- - 
/jtec$ (noxB3yx)CB, yuoTpetfxiii)) h np. SBysonoApasaTexsHHO rxa- 
roxH c^ yABoeHHHii sopHOs'B — HanpHMtpi: dx-ax-cc^n (spi- 



74 yABOKHii. § 85. 

iy, o^BOHHaxi); oX-oA-J^(» (bod; jst. td-td'O); /3«i3fa^-<» 
(qapHKai); ^oc^lioc^'pi> npoH3Honiy HecBusHse SByKi); (iofjt(i<i^(» 
(HSAflD rJijxoH SBjKx, syxsy); ycef-yetf/^o? (nojioiiiy ropjio); 
ytyy^xivco (nrpaD ua ^lellTft); lA-fA-/^(v (uorpiicsD, KOJietfii)); 
d^'U^'l^oi (Bop^y); xo^xK^^o) (KyjiairaD, BJ[OKqy); KUf-Kocl^-oo 

(.XpOKy, COApOraiDCBy CTOHTI Bl'bCTO KCC^-KCC^-Jod) ; Y,(Xr%oi^t» 

(cm^dcb; bv. *%«-%«-^<w>^; Ko^'Ko^uyia> (inyMJi©, Bopiy — bi xh- 
BOTt); K09Kvoi> (puAa'R>9 nia^y); \x?Joi> (roiiopn, n^etfe^y— OTxyAa 
npHjarare^ibuoe : hdho-c «= f oitibbuB, ntH. Idllen — jeneraTB); 
IJLoqfjLv^'Oi) (myiJiK) — cp. laT. me^rmuro^; iJL(»iM0f4cci (nopBiiaK), 
dpaBD) H np. 

npHMipH xpyrnxi cj[OBi(spoit rjaroiOBi SByRonoxpasaTeib- 
Biixi ) , otfpasoBaHHHX'b BciftACTBid yABoenifl KopRji: (H-^cci-os 
(BtpHufiy TBepAnH; sop. ^oo*); vfivi» (Harpyxan); 0^-0^-1^ (bha^i 
sptHie, FJiana; BopeHb 0^— npoABJiflOTCfl bo MsoxeeTBt 0^0x00x1 
cJOBi: /L(uaA)y=<Ij[a3opysitfy SMyp^miB rj[a3R; ^oc/vanl/^cB hchumi 
Bsopon, biahmhB, xuxA<v\|^=Kpyrorjia3uB, ci oahhmi Bpyriun 
rjiasoxi, itHSJioni n np.); Kcc-Ko-ff (ujoxoB; EopeaBxa^y cp. lai. 
ca-ca-re; bi cancsp. asiiKt laRoe-xe SHaqeiiie HufteT'D M—vh 
M»puru8a^=^^tiL^^ivh DimozHuBy npesptHHHB, neroAHuB i np* 
M sAtcb cooTBtTCTByoTi ^acTO ynoTpe(!uefloxy Tcu^ npHCTUBJifl- 
eHOiy cnepeAH b^b cyo^ecTBHTeibHHxi h npHAaDqeiy hxi seaRe- 
Hie yHHx6Hifl h npesptHifl, nanp. Jcu'tanaja <xAypHoB caHi^^ 
hu'Qartra «CBBepH06, Aypnoe Tftj[o»| ku-buddhi « sjiOHaiiipeH- 
hhBjo b nf. Een^eii^Oihss. 789 b—oiTJiCEderbku — E^'bkva'^ 
Tj^if KyAs; CI 8TEMI coBepmeHHO coBnaAaen yooxpetSjieHie pyccB, 
Ktfda : Kjfda xopomz—m xopomi, nyda om 6o%am% h np. IIpoA* 
noJEOsenie Bjana — Gloss. 238,— no noTopouy kooko£ cocTOBn 
wh cBflSH ci eancBp. pdpa ccnjioxoB, noA^uBv, ne ocHoaaTeJEbHO 



^ Gp. •udjdginati purusasidham upiiti laksmir: d^iv^na d^jam— riti kilpurus^ 
▼adanti «irb ipjAOiiotfiiBoiiy JUbBOBOiij ^eJOBi&Ky npocTaerb cqacrie; mnTOxioie jhv 
AB rOBopBTK «cjAb5a«AOJ3BHaAaTb»b Hitopad. ctbz. 31| a.^vaA' John^oiCa CTp»3L 



FABOEHIS Bl rpB^. I FOTOR. HZ. g§ 35-^86. 75 

jxe noToiy^ qTO rpe^ecsoiiy x ehkofab He cooTBtTCTByeTi can- 
CBp* p^ a Ba-otfopoTi : caHcspHTCsoiij ropTaHHOMy k cooTB'bTCTBy- 
erb HflOFAa rpe^ecs. 7f); vecc-yioc-^ (iDBoma; npoHCxoAHTi on 
BopoHHaro yeo', ep. h npHjarar. vio- «hobeiH)d); /xd^-fjiecf-off 
(ipaMopi); ^i'Sv/jioff (ABoiflofi^ ABoBHHqauB; ^i^vfjicc(»y=s6jLVL9Ben^ 
xop. Ju- opHiiHicaerb bi qHCJTBTejibHOiiy 3v<»=HBh); ixe^/xocl^os 
(o(SxyHEiBai), sadoqycb); n-rv^-iyos (BojiaHBa); Bcc^-dccfoff (hj ' 
secTpaflHBl, HHoseMflufl; caHcsp. bar-hara ^vi^uut^ orpaHH^veo^- 
Haro yHa»; npocroe bar oBasHBaoTCfl h%JL9.T. bar-o <KrJiyneii^x>, 
zoTH npH HeonpeAtJieHHOCTH SBysa b cbasb AByx'b nocJit^BBxi 
CJOBi coKHHiejibfla); Tro^^t^os (nypaypoBafl spacsa, tfarpjEHHi^a), — 

CTOHn BHiCTO ^Ttv^-TTv^'OC^ TaKl-BaKl, nOBHABHOHy, npOBCXOAHT'b 

on cyoiecTBBT. ^u^=oroBi>; rcc^-rcc^-os (npeEcnoAHiu, aA'^; tffiiTb 
BoxBTiy vb CBB3H c'B rel^oi «Hy?y, ocjatfjiflDy yApy^ftDft); 
(ie^fie^'i (xeii^yxHBa); yeysios (HaqaibEuB , ciapuS, ApoBBiS); 
y«f-yaf-a (sy^a, iinoiEecTBo); &oq(ioq-os (raBa, HaBOBii rpBBb); 
ii'»i'fi ('&Aa)--RopeHB €j=ad— caacBp. a(2=tcTb| mm. ed-ere 
(cp. iofl. iS-e-TVff «nBnta, tjia»); Tfiq'Treq^os (BtTpenuiiBy jiep- 
BOBUCieBBfiB) — yfef'Tre^'eioc (xBacTOBeTBO, Tn^ecjaRie; cp. jibt. 
per-per-am); o<f-(»^-if (sanaxi, BOHb), Bop. ©(J-, cp. o^(»(nax* 
B})f npoHcmeAmee bbi %(^-yc»y h jibt. oi-or (sanaxi); ri'rccyos 
(cyAOpora, CBeAOHie SBjib; rjar. rsiy-oD TBHy) sop. ro^vsrCaHCsp. 
tan (TBHyTby pacTBrHBan) h np. 

§ 36. Bi ^OTCBOH^ flsust yABoeaie rjaBBUHi ol^pasoHi npo- 
XBJjieTCB npH odpaaoBaHin npomeAmaro BpoMeBH, vx^ BopeBHoB 
ciorb QOAUBBeTCfl yABoefliiOy npn qeii rjiaCHOi) yABoeBaaro cjio- 
la BcerAB OKasHBaeTca at; hbi BopeBBHXi corjiacflHxi yABoaeT- 
cji TOJbBo nepBBBy sa BCBJiDqeHieii rpynoi: sh, st'j (spX bo- 

TOpHB npBfltfMai^TCB BeC0BpaH(6BflUllfl Bl BOBOOfipaBOBaBBElB CJTOrb; 

Bopeflb CBHi DOAJiesHTi HBOFAa ycfljeHiD nacBoB, Hasp, htau- 
pan (tfizaib) — npom. Bp. hai-Jdaup; sUpan (cnaib) — aai-sUp; 
fahan (nofliiaTb, lomrh) ^ fai-fah (cp. a^tcb. faae); stautan 



76 yABoiHiE. § 36. 

sJcai-akaid; stddan (Bia^'bTB n^n^ iiLnin)^stai^ald (nanp. 
Bi ^opiil ga*6tai'Stald—owb BjaxtJi^, irMtjii); ae^Z^an (yMHo- 
sbtl; jut. aug-ere, rpen. ccv^-dvoo) — ai-auk (eeji RopeHB na- 
qiHaeTCii e'b riacHoS^ to yABO«Hie BiipasaexcJi nocpoACTBon npo- 
cTol npiciaBSH ciora ai^ cp. h aikan «roBopHT&, CEUi8aTB» — 
npom. Bp« ai-aikj^hii $opHt df-ai-aik aoniOTKasaJicfl, oxpeB- 
efl)»); litan (ocTaBBTB)— toiZdt (hbi ^lai-let^ BCJitACTBie ycHJenifl 
Kopenaaro 6); grStan (njiasaTb — artcb. grosde) — gai-grdt; 
tikan (ipoByTBCfl) -taUdk (hjih at-tai-tok^ bi cbash ci npeAio- 
roati o^-; cp* pyecs. muK-amt^ ^emcB. do-tyk-ati se=AOTpo- 
rfluaTBCii) H iip« 

IIpHiftpB A^ppErb yABoeoEHXi cjiobi: (2a(2(^a^ (BopiHTB 
rpyABM)); gangan (^gaggan «batii, xoahtbd) — BopenB g(m=^ 
ga, caHCBp« gam h gd; w-dattdd (peBHOCTHHB, ycepAHsM; sop. 
da-^ TXBkV. us'dau-djcm (($htb peBnocTHHi^, cTpeMHTBCB); riw 
rei (6p6BH0CTB| rB($ejiB; riurjan -^ nopTHTB, HCBasHTB); mammo 
(haco; Apyi*&fl ^opiia cb T^Hi-se BHa^emeK'B ^mims^ mmaT» 
OTHOcHiefl vh CBHCBp. mdnsa^ ApoBH6-<$oir. maco); nunu (h 
Tasi, cJitAOBaTenHO =ouv; yABoeaie DpoeTaTOiit»=BaHt, renepB, 
cpaBiu eaBCKp. nUnam^ rpe^* v?y)« Bai ciobi qysecTpaHEiui, 
nepeHHTHX'B totcbhh aseibom'b, npHHaAJtesan cdab: karkara 
(TDpBva — jai. career^ bAu. kerker) ; paurpura hjih paurpaura 
(nypnypi, (5a^pe^^— rpe^ecB. TTo^cpv^ec) h np. 

Bl repiaHCBHU COBpeHOHHIIXl JISHBaX'B CJOBI yABOOHHUXl 

ne HHoro; roicsiB cnoco(Si otipasoBaaifl npomoAinftro BpeyeHH — 
no npHBi(Hny yABoeHin — ho coxpaHHJCCA hh wb OAHon hsi hhxi. 
0% HHHOBaHieMi onoxH iBopvecTBa ^opHajBHiix'B ajieneHTOB^ hb- 
CTynHJO BpoMfl SHa^HTOXBHaro hx% coEpaqeHiH, BOTopoe tfoxbmo 
npouHXi BSHBOBi HpoBOAeHo Bi aHrxiBcBoii; Bce-se vb BasAOMi 
HSi dim flSHBOBi yAepsajiHGB HftsoTopsfl cxoBa, HanoHHHajDiuin 
yABoeiiie; naop. bi HiHeAEoii flWB^b: he*ben («AposaTB| Tpac- 



yjlBOBHIE Bl rXPllAHORHSl JIBBRiXl. § 36. 77 

THCbA — AP*-Biv< pi'pin^ cp. irbH. htben^ asrjio-casc. beo-fian; 
npocToS KopeHB: &i=caHCKp. hhi ^6onThcsii^^ ;ipeBfle-((oirapcB. 
COUTH cjbl; bx qemesoMi h doji^ckomi flSHsax'L aBJureTca npo- 
CTafl BopeBHafl ^opia ha: ^eoiCK. hdti se^ noibCR. hac sie); 
mume (reTEa; npHRaxJiexHTi Toxe si hsb^^thoB h npHB6A6B- 
BoB npesA6 saToropiH ciobi SBysouoApasaTejBHEix'B) ; zi-tze 
(THTBsa; Tose cjobo sByKonoApaxaTeJiBHoe ; cpaBHHT. p;ec&. 
^mumhKay^j «coc€i(2^», KOTopsfl bi cbod oqepexfc jABoeHH h8% upo- 
CTidxi cj[oroB!b mu' h co-); gur^gd (vo^jio ] hblt. gur'gfd'io= 
AUxaTOdiBHoe ropjo, gur^ges «nyqHBa, BOAOBopon » npoHcxoAHn 
orb Toro-se SByRoaoApasaTeibBarro kophh); A;6r-Aer (TDptiia — 
En JBtT. car-cer); kun-Jcd (npiiJiKa) npoicxoAHTi otx cpeAee- 
BlB. Jiar. conuncula^ Bdi'bLieflHaro hsi colu-cula; B'b EJtaccH- 
qecKOxi HBHK'b ynoTpodjiHJiocB coZtis (f.)=npajiBa; Idlen (le- 
neTaiB, cp. rpeqeca. }\jxf\off «($oi[rj!HBHB»); me-mme (rpyci). Hai 
anrJiiScKaro fl3Hiia: 5a&y bjih babe (rpjAHOt pe($eHOSi); &a&oon 
(naBiaHi); babble ((>OJiTaTL; ^pani^. babiUer); gaggle (raraicaTB); 
tatUe (doJiaTB, 6utb roBopjiEBHii); pap (Earaa, ep« 9emcB.^a- 
|7a<i«=«'bCTB» B% A^TCSOMI ashkI); to 2t«K (y^aiosHBaTB; cp. ntv. 
2ti22en| einlfdlen^ h pyccs. y4^.^9aicai»fty Mojuaca); to titter ^ (xh- 
XHsaTB, cp. Bti. Uchern). Hsi mBeACsaro JisuBa : &;e&&a (tab* 



1 3A%cb MOXHO ynoiiBHjTb II o Ton jAQOeBiB, KOTOpoe (^unaerb conpaxeeo ch 
TaKb Baa. suusrepaiueAy r^'fi AiufliOTCfl ^aa aep-^RO paeiiyiOiQiA cjoBa cb oecbiia 
cxQABbiMH sBjKaMB: «paHi^. p^/e - mile, charivari, liachi-mdchi; aura, chit-chat 
(dojTOBHB), hurljT'burljr (uijwb, cjiiaTOxa), a tip top man (^ejunrtKh bucoko- 
nocTaBieHHufi, oTJunHufi h np.]^ knick-knacks {6aA'^wa»^,Brp'ymKi\),nickninnjr 
(AJpBLKh), 4BT0BCK. brfzgc - brdzgc (Schleicher, Lit. Gr. 262)^ ^&^CK. plesky- 
tiesky (rjynocTB, nycTOC josie ), hcda-hala ( nosepsBocTHO )» tintiii'^aniili (ny- 
GTiiKHy desA'C JHi^a ); pyccK. vmo CKJUidHO, mo Jtadno; moHb eh mom; eceeo na ece; 
jn^n^a^juuvB; evpdlLCK. tdhA-bdhd ( nycTUBB, nycTOTa; nepeiiuo Toace in> ^panu. 
asuKV tohurbohu); wimu weit und breit (nxajeKO, aiupoKO*, t. e. do BCi.in> aa- 
npasJieBUirb ); mann und mcuis (niiyarb b muiub » -— t. e. uncB, cobc^mi* aanp. do- 
ni6jai»); gut und blut (umAme h Kpoab*, t. e. Bce aanp. xepTBOsaTb) a np. Cx)« 
Pott, Zigeuner. IL 191—193. 



78 yABoiHiK. § 37. 

BRTb, JiaiiTB); buhbla (nyaiipb; cp. ^emeK. buUina); gdk (sf- 
K^msa); IdUa (rjiynafl seaniHaa^Aypa); mum^a (6opioTaTK, qemea. 
munAati) h np. 

§ 37. Bi cJiaBiiHCKHXi flsiisaxi — a paano vh ihtobckoK 
eoMBft — yABoeeie BopHell bi cnpflseHiH noqin coBetu yse yrpa- 
^eBo; Bi iHTOBCKOMi flSHsft vosBO ysasaTb TOJU>BO fla ABa m- 
roaa Vh yAB06BHox> ^opMoll: dlAi (x&Tb) h ({e^i (KjacTL); nep- 
Boiy cooTBiTCTByeTi caacKp, dd^ rpeq. -Ja9- bi il-^^'/xt^ bto- 
poay xe cjuib* A'i^- , caHcsp. (2^ , rpeq. -di|- bi rhBtri^i* 7ABoe- 
Hie coipaHHJEocb bi ^opHax'b HacTOiimaro BpeieHB, BoropHa ua 
nar. (2^t citAynmui : dum (aai ^dud^miX dudi^ 8 jhii. du- 
^ti=(fMt (hsi *dud-ti; BJEiflHieH'b AnccHMHJifli(iH hib pacnoAotf* 
jefiifli BCJTbACTBie vero (2 nepeA'B npHHaAiezan^HMi b% Toay-se 
paspflAy < nepexoASTi bi bbj&i mirniiniiB; el^i cooTBtxcTByerb 
caBcap. da-dd'ti); hhos« qacj.: {2^me, duste^ dust hsi *{I^- 
«ie, *d^-te, 'd^-ti; deti HMten bi nepBo» mt Bacmqaro 
BpeaeBB: (2emt En "dedmi (bi HacToan^ee Bpeaa bu^tb hcui)- 
qfliejiBBo )noTpe($JuieTca ^opia dedU)^ 3 ^wn. dest (hsi *ded* 
ti). HeHBorifl yABoeaBHa cioaa bi jbtobcb. ashkA opBaaAJie- 
san no ConmeB qacTHKipaspaAJ SByaonoApasaTeibuuxi: &ar- 
5oreZ6 (BHpasaerb seHB(Hayy aoTopaa npo cetia tfopaoqerb; cp. 
cancsp. harharay rpeq. (iec^'^u^-oc HesaaTBO roBopamiff, qemca. 
brumlatif pyccs. ffopMomam b. np.); 5(^ (cTapyxa;«iBpyccK. 
(To^^o); hUhyju (tfapaCaniD, aoioqy; &u&nas=6apa(SaBi. myHt| 
npoBSBuABHOMi 6ypeDy rofiopan ^JnMn ir dtid^n^^ «(Sapa6aaHT'b 
H Ayerbft); cimcibirei (pasabia aeioqaHa a HflqiozaHa aeqa); 
byfns (penis); didia (cojibmoS); dudenti (tbxo AyTb, Hrpaib 
fla BOJiuuK'b, qeiacu. dudlati^ Btii. duddn^ aarJi. t2oo(22e=J[tH- 
Talt); ^e^^/6 (t&yaymaa; rJiaroji'b &uA;^i <KByKOBaTbi>); d6de(fiji^ 
Aa: 6paTi otiv)); gogdnas (\noTpeCjfleTca ijul Bspaseflia <xry* 
caaax), bo npaqast ero roAOca, cp. pyccs. tatanamh); momh 
(xaib); j^pas (rpyAb, THibaa); vovert ((SiAaa; noAbca. trie- 



7AB0EHII Bl OJIIB. iTSHSAXI. § 38. 79 

wiorJca); gargaliuU (xpHoftTB); tetervina (Texepir, jiaT. tetrao 
tetrix); ses^is (rbHB, OTneqaTOsx, eHHiosi). YABoenHoe cjobo 
npe^^CTSBJiflen BtpoarHO h h4ikiu (siflHy, cp. rpe^. kccko-^ 
«njioxoly 8Jio>») H keJcse (KenoTpetfiraii seHn^HHa). 

§ 38. BecbHfl orpaHB^eHBoe tocio cjoB'b yABoeHRHXi npe;i.- 
CTaBJiBnn h ashsb ciaBancRie. rjiarojbHue RopHB, coxpanHBinie 
vh ApeBfle-($ojirapcBOM'b asHst bi HiaoTopHXi BBAOBSMtBeniaxi 

JABOeHBHa $OpHH, COBSaxaDrB C% COOTBtTCTBOBBIIVH IBTOBCKH' 

■b: /(d- H A%-. A^* Bi BacToan^eM^ BpeienH VMierx cji'bAyDBtitf 
$3pHH: AAMh (b3^ * dad-mi^ cp. .ibtobcb. (I^mi, caacsp. da- 
ddmi); a^ch (b31 *{Ia{2aai=*e2a{;-^, BEznymeaieHi RopoBBoB 8y6- 
boH); ffldh (b31 *dad-fnft — BjiiABievi ABccBXBJiaiiifr, paeno sasi 

o o 

vb JHTOBCR. du3ti=^ditst). flcBie ycxaTpaaaeTca jABoeaie n $op- 
vaxi HBOsecTBeHHaro : A^AHMIB, A^AH^^^ A^^tl. noBejaTe^iBHoe 
AffiKA>^ BpoBSomjro ndi "daddi (;ka- npeACTaBJiaeTi cxarqeHie 
TBepAaro a)! KopenB a^^' cnparaeTca bt* BacToaniexi BpeMOHir 
cjiiiyDB^BM-B o6]:a3oxB: j^es/^^ivid^^de'djami)^ /fimpfiinH^ fifim- 
ffiJh H Bp. (apo^iib tfuok^ A'^i^iuH B np.); btb j^opHH toxao- 
CTBOBBH CI cancspBTCRBMH : dadhdmi^ dadhdsif dadhdti h bp. 
Oopin BacTOfliaaro BpeieBH rjiarojia ^oth : ^iukax^ ^h^6UIh, 
^HasA^Tb H np. HejiBBB otbocbtb cdaa, xoth aejiBsa ae aaMtrBTB 
HeopaBBjiBHOCTB odpasoBaHBHX'B sa H3HibH6nieH^ nacRuxx 4>opxi. 
y^/ann — bo aaajioriB Apyraxi cjiobi, BamaaiDfl^Hxca ci rpynju 
y^-f npoH3omjio bsi ^cvaath (raa'B aanp. pyccR. adtbCh o^paso- 
Baao H3b *cbdnehf ApeBBe-((o.ir. ChA^ ; eesdtb H3i tft»c^6, .ipeBiie- 
6oAT. BLCh2KA6, BkChAc; A'p.-ioiT. ^paBi npBACTaBJiaeTi coapa- 
qoBBoe c^ApAB^L; i^tBNHie (CAftScTBien npoBsomjo aai cia* h 
Bp. ), ROTopoe cooTB^TCTByeTi caacRp. san-dhd^ couTOiin^eiy fl3i 
npeAiora aam=jiaT. cum b bsi Ropaa (2A4=<xRJiHCTb, n>CTa- 
BBTB»; OTi rjiaroja a^H o^pasoBano cyqecTBarejiBBoe ^h^sah- 
TeiiL^CTpoBTejiBy BOA^iif) KOTopoe Tose b6 npeACTaajiaeTb $op- 
la yABoeflHoS. TaaoD OAnaao oaasuBaDTca : ^hi^i (citua, qemcR. 



80 yABOEHii. §§ 33 — 89. 

ised) ;h-^th (cTpoHTB). npHBexeHDHXH npHMipaxH orpann- 
WBaercff jABoeBie b*b rJiarojiBHHX'b ({^opMaxi. RopeHB a^- coxpa- 
BHii CBOff jiiBoeHHHfl ij^opHS {nAE BacTOAii^aro BpeseHfl) Bi nro- 
BocTO^Hoai OTxiJeHiH cjiaBiTHCKHXi iiSHKOBi, cp. pjccK. ducms^ 
da^duM^^ da-dume, da-dym%; ceptfcK.-xopB. da-dcM (Rpoift 
dajd), 8 JiTnn. xnos. da-dy (b'b npom. BpoK. da-dox; n cjto* 

BHHCKOVB RZUYi^ BpOS'b TOFO BO BTOpOHl JIHl^t XHOXeCTB. ^HCXS 

RpoMt cepdcE. date slmsl^ke e dastCj npoHcme^imee m ^dad" 
te^ vh S-n JiHiit dado); 6oiv. f^au^ A^A^ui, f^^, /Wi^M^ fft- 
A6T6, ffljfLT. ( B^ n)jibCEOM'B flSHKt BOcnoHnHame cyn^ecTBOBaB- 
mm HftKorxa yABoeniH KopHi da- ji^epxajocB en^e ^oceit b% 
^opit dadza^dadyms^ A^AATh; b% qemcBox'b iisHKt roBopm 
ToiBKO e^o/i, HO H TyT% CBBAlTOJirBCTByDTi; ($HBmeiii yABoeeiH 
A^enpH^acTia : dada^ dadmc^ dadowe). 

§ 39. Bl COBpexOHHUX'B CJiaBflHCSHX'B IISQKaXl yXBOeEHUfl CIO- 

sa (sa HCBjn^enieH'L BiiinenpHB6A6HHHx^) npeKxym^ecTBOHao orpa- 

HH^BBaiDTCfl HaSBaHUXH H^ROTOpEIX'L XHBOTHHXl, HHCTpyxeHTOBl 

H cJiOBaHH SBysonoApaxaTejrBHQHH. npmtpii hsi pyccsaro irsn- 
Ka: HOAOKOM (ApeBHe-tfojir. KiiaKOAi); xoxom (qeincs. choehol; 
chochdkaj c1iocholoicsek=xoxjiB,m>f xoxjamS saBopoHoci); %Aa^ 
toAh (BCTpiqaeTCfl T026 Bi ApeBHe-($oxr. 23aat; cpaBH. h faa- 
roAOTH (xroBopHTB, csasaT&v ; b'b ^emcRoxi asssft Mahol sna- 
^HTi amyHii, TpeBorai»; npocroe gla^=gal cooTB'bTCTByeT'B caecKp. 
gar (gr), Hxiioiiiiexy SHaqenio asByqaibi^i bi BOAaxqecBox'b xsa- 

K'b aXBBJHTB, npeB03H0CHTB». PyCCB. iOJ-OC? =AP«-($OJir. FAJCL, 

jiHTOBCB. garsas xoxho bi Tasoxi cJiyqaib cooocTaBXTB c% rpe- 
^ecB. yhmtrob afl3BBi»'); nenejus (sop. j>aZB'B SBaqeBix ocse^B^ 
ropftTBAy TOSAOCTBOHi CI lua- B% nja-jMii; bi ^emcKoxi iisH- 
Bt BCTpt^aeTCfl ^HCTO-jABoeHHafl rjaroiBHax (|)opsa pldpoUati 
ccnH.iaiB, ropiTBX), cymecTBHTOJiBHoe : jp!a-|>o{ = n.iaxa ; apobho- 



^ MoxHo OAHaieo n o(h>flcaHTb yXft'O'O'ae Barb YAivr-ja» h Tor^a Y^o^t- npimu- 
sajo 6u icb 4aT» g/M<- b» g/icf-ire»=^yccK. zAomraim, qeoics* hU'CUL 



yXBOinil B'B iI8HKAXl OJTAB. § 39. 81 

<(oxr. niunoMTH^ nAanoiidNHie ; cyn^ecTB. nAdMU, poaht. nAaueHe 
HMiei'B TOTVze sopeHB ^i^=jpa2; TaBHii-seoKadaBaeTCH cion 
^- Bi jiaTHHCK. flam-ma h bi rpeq. ^Ao^, c% ttwb tojilso 
on npffBeAeHDHXi cJiaBflHCSHX'b ^o^wb pasjiErqieH'By ^to bi bo- 
peHHoM cJiorb Bonua en^e npHtfaaoHHaH ropraHHafl, TaBi-Bas'b 
flam-ma BCjtACTBie ynoAo5;ieHiii nponaomio hsi * flag-ma ^ a 
(pKo^=<Phjoy-s ^ npaqeM r, BaK'B SBysi HeaopeHHoS, opeACTaB- 
ijreTi SBaKi HMeHBTejiBHaro naA^sa); memepn (Jtar. £efm== 
syponaTBa, cancBp. tittin-s^ — BHpaxaoT'b no BceS sipoflTHOCTfl 
SBysH otfosHa^aoMoH biih nTHita; TiHi-aie nyreMi yABOOHH cii- 
AyDmifl HasBaHiii nTHifb: 4e4e»9=B030AoB, qemcs. h hojibcb. 2e- 
lekj %o%OAhy KyKymna^ nonyiau). Jl^pyrie npHHtpa yABoenifl: 0iy- 
6eH9 (noncB. b^eni ^emcB. &^«&en, Ap«-(Sojir. exclni, nopACS. 
&uw&a; cp, rpeq, ^ofABos=^VJijioi niyMX» h ^ofxl^v^ «poAi 
^joBtsd), d^dipa (qenics. dudy)^ cocamb (vajiallcB. sAaH mo- 
lOBO, 4>P&H](. sucer=mgere)f AMiMmh (sop. 2(2-^, (Ja^fa, dndn^ 
MaMa—iuytuyKamh, tatanarnhj xoxomamh^ tuutuam^ tuumuM(h 
pumtj xopoxopumt, mapamopumh h np. 

npaHipH HSB nojBCBaro asBsa: ssaszor (myHi; npoeToe ^^or '-^ 
Bcrpt^aoTCfl BB pyccB. taop-oa^s^ ei»(>pou^tf mf>^ ; du-da (Boina- 
sa); dudeh (pyccs. y-dodi^ nomamyUKa; yABoesie cooTBixcTBOH- 
laro CJioBa oBasHBaoTCfl h b'b mt. u-pupa^ ceptfcs. ny-na-eai^); 
Mac (ApevaTBy cnaTb; E^MAullen^ em-7e«Z{en=y6a]DBHBaTB, an- 
rJiiBcB. to lull^ meeACB. Itdla); kqkol (copnafl xpaBa — pyccB. 
KyKOAb, qeniCB. Jcoukol; tfnTB MoserB bb cbasb cb sop?, kd" 
«Boi-oTBi!>); tetno (rjiaBHaa sua*— sop. tan <ictbh7tb» : <xto, vto 
imertar^ ;tetno ctobtb Bstcro *ten4no); smsjsek (apjiOBEHi, 
BiyTB; ^emcB. sasekf cp. caneBp. ^oi npHraxB — OTsyAa SaSa 
«3aiii](^», uQraHCB. ^oso/, HiiAycT. sasd^ cp. Po^j» Zigeuner. II. 
224); papinU (ajraBoxae ByvBB, jiaBOMCTBa^ — npoHcxoAHTB Bi- 
pojiTHO orB papac^ BHpa2Bax)]i(aro bb a'^tcboi'b AsuBt ((f(cm«)>i 
nemctu papati); papiotac ((SojuaTB, KHoro roBopHTB; $pafli(.&a- 

6 



82 fXBOlHII. § 39. 

hiUer, aHri. to ftaJKe;;/ tretora^ (ByAMnffc— «!«»• hrd-kor- 

ati) H np. 

npHMipH H8i c6p<(GBaro ifSHKa: dodda (Bece^aa, noionuui 
XftBymKa); ko-kow (sypniQi, caHCsp^ hukkuta); %eit (espiinKa; 
npoHcxoAtmi ((htb lozen, on Hiiei^s. g^ge^ xoti ci Apycot 
CTopoflB H BOHrepcK. hegedu oaassBaen BoeBia cxojuihI eo- 
oraBi BByROBii); je^ufta (cnBa); dydyn (^Jielra, ^emcK. dudy^ 
BOJiHHKa); MOMan (DHoma, loaoAeii'b; coctohti no-BiAvvoMy bi 
CBflSH cb mama — MaMa^ Tasi-^TO mojmk npezie Bcero sapa- 
saio «(iaiB^HKiy JintfHHeKi iaTepB»); watuna (eapaHqa^, o((pa- 
aeBBHO m *ttfa*taa-ica cp. cancRp. iai»«npiiraTb» h pycca. 
«DonpBryHLJi»). 

Bi qemesom am^i yABoeHBSx eioaa oaasBBaDTCf n 60^- 

mwhf B'b epaBHeaiH Ch npouia eiaBiHCSiriH, KOJieqecTRib; &% 

TasHMi cjiOBan npHHaAJtesan ocotfeHHO rt, KOTopaa otfpaaoBa- 

BH Ba ocHOBaHiH BBysonoApazaTeibHou , «o oidxcMeTCJi npe- 

HHyn^ecTBeHHO HBorocTopoHHan Bjinflien vysHxi paaioodpaa- 

HHXi BxeieflTOB'b. npHMtpn: vrd'vor-ati (maraTica; aopen 

var-; bi TOiy-xe aopHD npsaax-iesan h cioBa eep-nymh h 

ci pacmHpeHBHMi* coctbbok'b eep-mfhrnh^ cp. caflcsp* var e vart); 

WM^ndas (bi npocTopftqii: trjiyneii'Ei ji^HTaly BeroAat» Tose 

^ireiOB'lB'fc HeyuDsiBip; cp. pyccK. MHMAumt); huhnati («roBopHTb 

HeBHHTHO, HeacHO)»; xp.-tJojr. rzrNHBii = ^emca. huhnavi «miir- 

mnransi^ — cp. rpe^. yoyyv^9^ ^ponniy, BopRyi)»); veverha ((Stiaa, 

AP*-($0Jir. BUBepHiia— BenpHiidy flOBorpeii.jSFf/3ff^/r^(«=BepBepxita); 

mermamoci (aacEJiBHO, bcbd cbjioS; moe^cuAo); prd'^por(i^nn^ 

BBaia; cp. npnqpywa—B^ Byn. OpnoKH pjeqHHS'B 616~617); 

krdkarati (rarasan, ayxaxTarb — aypfliift, i^HiiJieHst); cuoo 

(cotfasa; vb cioBai^KOH'b Baptvii); trdtora (Hiqrojiflne tojibh, 

tfoxTOBHfl; cp. pyccB. mt^mopa^ mapamopumbf mapd6apumb)^ 

UabolUi (tfoiTar&i jeneTaTi; bi pycca. 6Mmamh aBjaeTca Ton - 

S6 Bopen, HO ci BpicnBieiHsn m); hmbdat^ (tojcthI, 



yABOBHIB B% OJIAB. £8HKAX'b. § 39« 88 

sipnHS, ei noiHHU meuw); cMd-chol-Ui (ycnoBOEBarBi ycxB- 
pflTB, ynpamBBaTb; b% pjcgbohi ashk^ ynoTpetfjueTefl cooTBiT* 
ctbchhhI VMvon ci npocTaii tojilko BopHOMi: xdA'Uinh)^ 
Tn-bdlehf Whdt (DBBHHiia; JiaT. hi-ho^ bi a^tcbobi flsuBib &2«m- 
ba-^i, Bu BecnpflraeBoe hum-hum=\iwth) \ hal-hous {m^z^wi^ 
tfpDsra; cp. h4b. griea-gram); bre-berJca (Borat); hre-hen-Um^ 
hrt'hm-cusu ((So4TaK)); it^-JKi-iia (nysupB; cjobo SBysonoApasa- 
TejisHoe); hu-lr-im (Baj^HBaDCb^ nyxny); cecetka (BOHonjnBa); 
dfidek (yAOAi>); laloch (HHSHBii qacTb ropjia; laloch usn(=^ 
■ovsa yxa), dmdacka (Baprani); duda (rjiyneAl); fafrnoch^ 
famfmoch (BopTonpaxi, cyxiaRi, $paHK. fanfaran; cxobo 8By- 
BonoApazaTeibHoe, cp. /b/r— BOSAyxonpoBOAx); ft-fi-dlo (sepTO- 
npaxi); fu-fndh (roBopflniiB HesHBTHO, bihoci); harhtde (ony- 
xon); ochechule (cBpena, JiBCTirBBiia) ; hohotdm (boid); chuchd 
(bjiobi); &a-A;e^9 ka-kd-nek (BOHmiB crapaB ciipi); ka-kra-hndt^ 
ka-ku'lent (Bspasaerb Koro-HB6yAB bi» myxoqHOB'B cjiort, bih 
ynoTpe(SiiieTCB Taax-sa bbbi cjobo <$paHBoe); ky-ky-mora (AOBam- 

BlI iovi AP<)BBBX'b CXaBBHi; tfOTb BOSeTl, Bl CBflSB Cb XpeBHO- 

doir. mKA=jiaT. coma); ko-kor-ice (noBBiBsa, BpauBBnaa bb- 
jBBa); lUik (cBBpBCTeibi xobobx); mi-minko '( HJiiuefleii'b vb 
neieaax'^ cp. ma-minka ^ mn) ; mumdk (rxyneiiB; bbbobb- 
Haen cxoahoo: buhdk ocrpyci, nyraxo^, cp. atxeiiB. popanz); 
mncj nundtko (petfeBOB'B); pa-prs-ek (xyvb, oootfeflHO coxbov- 
hhI, CBBi^a BoxecHafl; Bopeab btofo cxobb o^eBBAHO prs^ para^ 

Cb KOTOpUM'By ($HTL MOXOrB, B^ pOACTB% CBHCBp. sparg=ffi'' 

TporaBBTBCB^ npBBacaTBCfl; ocotfoHHO BBBO cdxHsacTCB e% pa^ 
prs" yABoeBBBB tobb caecapBTCBaro sopna: pa-aparQ-^f tbbi- 
BBBi a Vb rpynat ap bi y^iBOOBHOxi cxort BunaAaoTi ) ; jpa- 
prut (na-nopomnuKh; npocToff cjori OBaauBaerca n atB* far-n); 
pe-pich (xoxxbthK xaBopoBOBi); ptpa (pe6eH0Bi, CBxpftxEa); 
pi^pen-ec (no^Ksa); cacarka (TpBCorysBa); ra-rds-ek (Bepte- 
HOKi| Mceaosi), sopoBb raa=racK (ra^rach) iosbo npflae- 

6* 



34 yj(BOBHii. § 39. 

CTH Vb CBH3B CI eaHCKp. raks-os (apaspa** b«hxi jiyxoBi» — 
war. ral^ asameman*). Ki yABoeHHHMi caoBaii ne npHHaj- 
leMT-b OAHaEO wrfwirt, Rani bhaho hsi pyccKaro cootb%t- 
CTBeHHaro no SBaieHiw h $opiit «a»-«w6 o<y-«a»-«eomft; ;iajib- 
ine He»8a OTHOCHTB ciDAa caoBa, t»vh rerrf5-na(3!ypaBJiHHHHBi, 
aiCTHHBi), hrav^ (pacsajeBiaB) h hficha (aepyxa), TaKi-KaKi 
nepBoe r bi ynoMaeyxHXi ciOBaxi npeACTaBiaori who tojbko 
^OBemecEoe HBiiHeBie jpyrot comcHoH; laBi rer<f&- ctoht* 
BMiCTO jerdb- 6*««^a&=aypaBJ!B; SAtci, pyccs. ok coBepmeHBO 
TOTOO cooTBliTCTByeTi lemcBOHy j), rerav^ bh*cto eer- cpaB. 
pyccB.«apa, flKdi>-Ki«, rmcfej BitcTO a» ^er-, cpaB. pyccE. 
acep-yxa; nepBoe r bi bthxi cioBaxi npoHBonwo caiAOBaTejt- 
HO BCJiiACTBie ynoAodJieHia a^jto9 corjiacnoB citAyiono«y r; «»- 
BH»i oUpasoMi meneaoBaToe r nepeABHraeic? , bpaho H8i caa- 
nesia pyccB. oKcp-yxa, bojibcb. rgemcha, ree^ueha i leracB. 

IIpBMtpH 181 lyaauBaro asHsa: habot (myii, BaaaEaBM; npo- 
HMOAH-n. orb l»a6a =CTapyxa), liber (mHnoBHHET., AHBaa posa); 
hombava ( niHTBa, poAi rpyran ) ; iuUim ( nyroBima ) ; ^ bubrtnh 
(Toae); didlovac (arpaTb na boihbb*; lemcs. dudlati), dud- 
lavy (rytfiaraB, (JeacoqanB); dundyry (tfaci, 4iarorb); /o/'arfto 
(noiTOBoB poaoEi); Uk&rahxhac ( ntti. — o irtxyx* ) : Wher-nak 
(aapoAiran.); U-Ttor-nak (BnpRaaoHi, satHBHB KopeHB); few- 
kuUadko ((JiopToqBa); lUak (ojyxi); wta-mia (rpyci; cp. 
,euiCE. maidas); pa-pr<is (nanoporaHBi); pap, papk (rpy» 
.BTepHBCRaa, aarji. pap=^mii), poe-ptda (ueponem; Bear. 
jw«yj)ato«j;oZ(f«=nepeneJiHHHB BpBEi); po-pyla (npocBypaaBi po- 
80BBB); pdr-pot (mopoxi); sese^ (Bocaa); BH«eaya. ta-taii 
(aaHMHBi), Mdk (ntDmiB, nwrHHua - ynoipetfaaeTca mi ray- 
mHoe BHpaaoBie; firfac «nHTb»-Kb AttcBoii aaaBt); ra-ro* 
(poA* aeTpe(Ja, copoBonyrb — wmcE. ra-roh). 



85 



in. GlHBOJIKA* 



§ 40. TpoTiB bbshqB HOMenrb, HMiiODiiB BJiiiiHie na odpasoBaeie 
cjiOBiy e6T& euMeoAUKaf uoa'b soTopoi) SAicb noApasyHl^BaeTCfl 
coeAHHenie abjx'b KexAf cotfoD cotfcTBenHO hh bi saKoB cbhsh 
H6 eocToaniHXfb noHHTiB bi hoboo cjiobo. B% crporon cihcjA 
Tyrb odpasyoTCii ee hoboo cjiobo, a hoboo noHario h31 abjx'b 
Baiflqen'^ h cyqocTBjDniHXi yaco bi aanst caoBi. OjOBa, otfpa- 
BOBaHHHa Hsi oAHoro TOibBO BopeHHaro cocTaaai BciiACTBie npH- 
CTaBBH SI HOMy pasHHxi oBOHqaHiBy oh HoaaBHCHHo on bthxi 
noexbAHaxi, h3% paspaAa cHHBOxaqeesHX'b npocTO HcsJimaiDT- 
ca, Bi npoTHBBOH'B cjiy^aib to^hoo onpeA^biOHio noHam chhbo- 
jiHBH vb asBS'b 6u3LO 6u qpoaenqaBHO saTpyAHHTOJibHO , n ho 
lorso orpanHHHTb ee HaAJiezamaaii otfpasoMi. Taai nanp. ^icoah^ 
tfa» h% caHCspHT^ EpoMli HHoxecTBa ApyrHX'b BHpaseHiB otfosaa- 
uoTca repeal tdpana h amhutaskara: tdpana npoHCXOAnn 
on Bopea tap (se^B, corpiBarb — cp. pyccs. mon-umh)^ Tasi- 
no <^coAHue^f no SHa^oHiiD OToro sopna, aHpasaeTi to^ no 
zxeTi, aeo^ecTBO corptaaiDDiee. fiopoHb tap ei ero SHa^OHioM'b 
o^OBHAHO cocTOHTi Bi CBHSi cb noHaTieMi (ncoAHuai^f BHpaisaa 
OAHO H31 ua^ecTBi OToro nocai^AHaro; lasoB cnocofii otfpaaoBa- 
Bia cJiOBi BOBce aejibsa o($o8HaqHTb CHUBoaHqecBaHi, TaBVEaBi 
an npocTaro Bopaa, noABopraDqaroca neptABO HSMtHeBis) gbo- 
ETb raacHHXi h npHHHHaK)n]>aro asBtcTHiia OBOHqaHia, o5pa- 
avoTca MHOxecTBO caoBi, cocToaniHxi cii hhhi B'b 6oj[ie hih 
leHfte TftcHoB, Bo BcerAa oqeeHABoB caasa; ambu'taskara aa- 
npoTHB'b aaBjrnqaeT'b ai ceOt Aaa caaocToaTeabHua h Hedaaaea- 
uua Apyra orb Apyra cjioaa, BOTopna^ anpasaa eotfcTBOHHO 
^eopa eodutt (am2^=B0Aa, a taskara=w^^) ai QepeaocHOM 
ciHCJft yDOTpetijaa)Tca aJIa osHaqeaia «cojiaiia». Sa'^ob veacAy 
DocaiAHHMi noHama'b a A^yaa BiimeyDOHaHyTuaa , ecaa paa- 



86 OHIBOJIHBI. § 40. 

eiaTp0BaT& m otaAibbo, Bin cbhbh BHsaKoff; tojieko eo^e- 

TBBie BXl 0(SOHXl (<XBOpi» H <IBOAa») H ISB^CTBHR CHHCIly BO- 

TopoB ycjiOBBO npHAaeTM boboB rpysBi ciOBi, otSpan^aDn xsa 
ey^ecTBjDn^ifl yxe cxobb bi hoboo noHXTie (laxi bi opHBe- 
AOHHOii npHMtpt iKeoJiHite» BasHBaoTCfl ^Bopoai boah» ovobha* 
HO noTOMy, ^TO DOAi BJiijrBierb ero Jiy^iefl HBCBsaen boab; obo, 
ojraneTBopirexoe, xaKi-tfyATO vspaAeni^ BOAy; bo hcho, ^to ra- 
Koe nepeaeceBie BflaqcBia uovh ambu h taskara Ha noBHTie 

<CC»JIB]ie» 66T& TOXBSO yCJEOBBOOi TaBl-RaSl OBO npHMlHHMO H 

Ki APF™^ noBHTiaiii. Tasi na-np. «oroBb» Hxtn ($h Taaoe- 
se npaBO, ({htb BasBany cBOpoH'B boau») xasi h «coib]{6» h op.). 
GHHBOJiHBa BaxAoB otfpaaoBaHBoB TasHH'B nyreHi rpyoHH ecn^ 
cBoero poAa MOTa^^opai KOTopaa ((eai DepeBocaaro chhcu h 
BOBBHKHyTB H6 HosoTBt ]i,M CHHtioJiBqecsaro BDpaxeHiii Heotfxo* 
ABiH ABa cxoBa, botophh bi cbooB coBosynHocTH Taase xaxo* 

AHTCa B:B CBBSH ei BHpaSaeHHHl HHH CXOBOHly TOXBRO BTa CBflSB 
((OX^ HXH HBBte eEpHTIi H6 BHAaBaXCB BHOpOA'B CTOXB HpO* 

apawOi saBi b% ciOBaxB, o6pa80BaHBHXi hvb npocTBxi xopfleB. 

ECTB K TaBlX eHHBOXH^eCKia CXOBB, BOTOpHXl HeXB3a 0($MCBHTB 

I8ib cocTaBBHXi Hxi ^acToB (cp. BHS€-npHBeAeHflHe npHxipn)^ 
CB rtvi, qfotfa BBHBByiB Bi BBaHHBHfi HXi cooTBomeBix. Sa- 
TpyABeaie hxh BeB03H0XB0CTB oTflcsaQix ((xRsaBmeB cbhsh ocho* 
BfiBaeTCfl B'B TaaoMi cxy^aib toxbbo Ha tomi, qro HexBSx Bax^ 
Hocnqb BByrpeHReB HAea, pysoBOACTbOBaBmeB aapoA^ npn otfpa- 
soBamH A^Hflaro cxoaa; vasHXi cxobi bohovbo bo hhofo, Bce-se 

OHH HOflaAaDTCH HHOFAa. OHHBOXHSa Bl SaSAOSl HBBBt SaBB- 

laen BecBia BasHoe noxosoHie, h ei otfoieB to«h sptaix, 
yxe HO Toxy, wo osa nosBoxxeT^ BciaTpsBaTBCx HOApo((Bte 
H HpHCTaxBHfto vh opraHHBHi caxaro xsiixa (xoth vb vhcto- 
rpaHxaTnecBOHi otBomeHiH oBa speACTaBxaen ae hbofo aas^ 

HHXl HTOrOBl, otfMeHXX BftB0TOpHH% O^paSOMl CDOCOtfl CXOSO- 

Hia cxob^b) h vb BoaspftHUi pasHBXi HapoAOBi, oaa b6 ptA^o 



OBHBOIIBA §§ 40 — 41. 87 

CBHAtTencTByeT'B JI6BB06TH fSHsa K roBopffqsro BE mn aa- 

pOXfty Vh npflMtHOfllH BOflSpeTBHXl MMeOTOB^b Bl (KSpaaoBBfliD 

eioBi OTBjeieBfliiix'&y E^o^MumMn noBTB^dcsiB AaposaHLi sapoxa 
H BBjaraen «acTO na HBoria BOHCTpyBiiiB h zapasTepBCTB^ecBie 
o($opoTH ocotfeHfloe Bielao; e% Apyrol cTopoBu, B6co<(j[i)A6Bie 
saAJiezafl^el iftpH B'b 6« ynoTpetfjidBiK bju ciBmBOB^b HaTJiBj- 

TUB COOTBOfflefliB COVeTaBlt CJOBl BMtDTI flOCJltACTBleil BaflH- 

mesBocTb H BHnypBOCTB ejiora, i cocTaBUDTi tofab OBtyiBTeu- 
bhM €B BeAocTBTOB'b, BBB'b BTo saBtTflo Ha*iip. h^ nepCBACBOHl 
H Bi BtBOTopim APjr>^i BOCTO^flHii BdHBaxi; on BTOrO HO* 

AOCTBTSa CTpaABDTl TBBSe B6CUa ^BCTBATeiBBO HflOriB BOBA- 
HlifliiB BpOBBBeAeaifl CaBCBpBTCBOB BBCMeBBOCTB. 

§ 41. npoBCzosAeaie b pasBBtie eBBBOusB Moryn o(^jciob- 
jiiBan paBHHB npauBB. 

L OTHOCBTeJibBafl Cifjiocn BBBBa, HOflie n tj^opBaxuiotf^ 
■esejiH Bx iBTepiajMoI bbctb, HeotfzoABBocTb ooBABBatB bobhb 
cjiOBB, BpB yxyqaieffii otfa^ecTBeBBara (ShtBi npa ycoBepmeflCTBO- 
BBBiB B yBBoseaiB sBSBeBBHn ero noTpedBocieB, caaa no C6(Si 
BBSBBaen n ot^pasoaaBiK) BeBBBtcTBOxi Aocext cjiobi. Ecah 

KOpset Bl tLZWA B6 BBOFO, EBpOA'B, r0B0pBn(iH BB BeBl, BOBO- 

BopoTJiBBiy B BO BjaA^bon nwhf ocotfoBBO 4»opBaj[fcBoi) ero vbctu), 
BBAJiezaniBBi otfpaaoBi (bbbi bbabo Jiyqme Bcero En aapoAa 
BBTBicsaro ) , to a^b BBpaxefliB b60((xoabbhii ajib sero cjiovh^ 
( BpoABOJiaraB soBoqao flOBOBBOSBOOTb BaBicTBOsaBiB ETb orb 
ApyrBxi BapoAOBi) oeraeTCB oabo epoACTBo: codAavB 'Cetfft bo-^ 
Boe BOBBTie BoepeACTBoai eovoTaBiB AByn BBAaqBun, bo ffi 
rtn nffftb Hfl Wb BBBol ocoiteaBol ^babb ae coctobbbibxi* Sa- 
sia BMOBBO bobbtU aapoAi^ boaboabti noA'b oabo riaBBoe, b vb 

BBBoB $0pBt Ofll BXl eOOABBBOTl, SBBBCBn BCBMMUITOXUO OTIb 

ero BOSBpiail Ba BHpaBKaevBi opoAMen o% oaboB cfopoafi, h ^ 
aa eoeTaBiBB)flUB ero noBBriB ci APF^B. Si aaHBaaii Wb bo- 
Topaxi npa epaaaaTeJibaoI 6iffiocn caobi cbbboibu c% pas- 



it. 



88 cHHBOJinfiA. § 41. 

HHH CBOIIE OTTlHKaMI padBfllA AOBOAHO 8HaqHTeJlbH0y npi- 

Haxjezai^ abhbh noAUHeaiOcKief hsi OAHOCJiosHHX'b — ciuM" 
CKiU H CapMOHCKiUf H MHorie bsi jibhrobi a^puKancKUSB (cp. 
uHse-npHBeAeHHiie npHnftpH). Bo uorHXi urn bthxi iisHsoB'b 

CHHBOJIH^eCSHHl 0($pa30H^ BEipaxaiDTCil AftSe OTA^JIBHHil qacTB 

Ttj[a (lasi ocotfeiHo BoaoeH, najibi|9, 6opoAa, a'^^topoahha ^lacTB, 
spoBB, HOFTH H npOy HHode rjEaroiH , pasHHe HBCTpyieBTH, 
o6o8Ba9eBie BpeiieB^B h np. IIoa^ BTy KaieropiiD aojsbo ooabo- 
ABTL H iflorifl oiBJidqeflEHfl cjiOBa, otfpasoBaaHfiui ae p^ASO BecB- 
xa BauHCiOBaTO. Tasi Ba-np., b^b aij^pBBaflcsoH'b jishk^ Ai^Bsa, 
^ajin-cyen^ (pascsasi) saaqHTi coficTBeaflo «mM» Qin) h 
«0fi9» (jm): conocTaBjeHie abjxi xh^hux'b HlcTOHMeaiH Baao* 
AHTi fla HHCJiB pasrOBopiy ROTopiilf MoxoTi H oepexoABTB Bl 
pascBBBi; ^a-ngote-nomr^ (naiflTb) tfysBajffcHO «eu^ e% tO' 
jioefby> (oTBxeqeflHee noBBTie BEipasaeTCB nocpeACTBOHi KOHsper- 
Haro), maroon (no3a(!HTi»)=« nomej^/zmb tOAoeyy^; gam^etok 
(6opxoTaT&,. ponTaTB)=«d6jpaN:a»i5 Monojum^ h np. HnorAa no- 
naAaDTCA h TasU CBHBOJiHiiecKU otfosiia^efliB cjeobi, soTopufl 
BBCBxa ecTecTBeHBO B036ysA&K>Ti same yABBJieaie no opHraHajib- 
HOCTH cocTaBJEeaia AByx'b noaaTifi bxh bo cTpaaaocia pysoBOAfl- 
meB HAOH. Task CHHBOjeqecKifl rpynna BCTpiqaiOTca ae p&ako 

Bl MeECHBaHCSOMl flSEIUt, FA'&y KaKIi OqOBB nOBBTEO, TO, ^TO 

Haci BOBOXBHO nopaxa6Ti| saseTCA BHpaseaieH'b caviiMiB ecTe- 
CTBeHBHHi HJ[H HeofixoABMHH'B coqeTaaioM'b habB. Tas'B aa-ap.y 
<xd04omo» H ^cepe6poi» osaaqaioTCfl cjobohi teo^kuittatl ', so- 
Topoe aaaqHTB (SysBajiBHO ^ffoa/cecHoe ucnpaoKnenie^ (teo- cs 
onpoA. ueaoH'B teo'tl=Bon; kuitla^mWf merda), kuztik teO" 
kuUlatl=zojLOTo (($yBB. ccflava divina merda)>), a ijstak teo^- 



* Hft«iTO vh p04'fi aroft crpaHHoA Me^^opu BCTpB«iaeirfc irb ntm. ieufds - dreck 
— assa foetxda (qepToei Kauebf BOHioqaa cuojo); cp. b teufelS'Obbiss — - pacT. sea- 
Biosa sucdsa (qeprorpuaiy o^uiuHaa Tpaaa); teufels-kegel (qeprovb najiexrb — 
6ejieiiBUTb}. 



OHHBOIHKA. § 41. 89 

At«i<2a<2=cep6($po (ccalba diyina merdai); JcuiUa-nanaka (bh- 
ibI, jiiHBBuS, npeACTaBJiflOTi conocTaBieHie noaflriB anus et 
fungus); tldjkoloU (((noAeHqiaRi na nojit, xj[t6onanieA'b» (Jys- 
BajbHo aseAeHoU cnopniom); misqjotl (3y6em cttHH, ysptn* 
Muiayo H np. i^: « (^(rjiavMoe ctfu^ecmeo); mistli=ti6Aovio)f na- 
hacacatt (rJiyxoS) ciiaraeTCfl h3i noHAxiS nakazti (yxo) h cad 
(BpH^aTB) ^KomopoMtf dMOHMO KpUHamb eh ymu». B% KBTaB- 
CKOWb B^wA , tun'St=(i^ hem^h 9 npeAuenx) sua^BTi 6yi£BajiBuo 
^eocmom''3anadzy>f TO-ecTb .^to, ^to TAHeicfl oti BOCTOsa si 
saoaAy, saHHMaeTi MicTO, naxoAHTCfl B'b DpocTpaHCTB'bi>; ce^an- 
hia (saBBxancjiy yqBTbCfi), tfysB. (kokmo nodz^ (=noA'b okuohi), 

BipOBTHO 0T1» TOrOy qiO nOAl OBHOM'b SaUBHaTbCfl HJIB npHBflTO, 

HiH Bcero yAo($Hte; lao^'Sin {(^^ flepB. jeb^. HtcTOBH.)=<<<^wa* 
poe mtbAo^ BOAo($OGTpacl!Hoe BHpaseeie nepaaro laqa, o6pama]D' 
marocii Bi pasroBopt wb Apyroiy; laHTCK. tara-tane (<(seflay 
seHjqHHa sasysBflUX) ) BaaqBTi 6yKBajibH0, (^mepm Myoieay>^ 
H80($jHqaDqed co CTopoaa TyaeBi^eB'By ocotfeHBO seaaiux'b, bi 
sent BBBMaHie bobcb bo JiecTBoe; bi» tobfcb. bshb^ paanga- 
papalangi BHpasaen demtu h sflaqHTi co6cTBeBQO — <i6o6u 
uuocmpauHuey>; BOflarie <^6o6oeh>>^ Ap&roq'bHflaro fjisi hexii flpoA- 
xera, nepefleceflo aa BBOAeflHEiH y BHX'b HBOCTpaBqaHH AOBbrH, h np. 
2. EoraTCTBo BSHsa h coBepmeacTBO ero pasBBTia aas'B vh 4>op- 
xajBBOX'B, TBEi H vh laTepiajibHOHi OTBomeBiH. HecMOTpa aa 
BpoTHBonojiosflocTB 8Toro BpflBqHBa nepBOHy, ofli, BKopeBBBmiB- 
ea OKOBqaTCJbBO b'l asHst, aenpeatHBO boaoti bi MBoro^BCJieB- 
WLWb CHHBOJiflqecsflH'b rpynBBH'B, ci Ttai TOJibKO orb Bepaaro 
paajiBqiex'b, ^to saIcb CBBBOJiflqeesia BQpaseaifl pasBOotfpasBTi 
;i8HBi, TorAa-BBBi Bi nepBOMi uyqat obh qacTO AOflOJiBaDti 
BeAOCTai>Bi.ia ^isiwA ciobb. Bi pasBBTuxi h BBOJiai opraafl- 
BOBaaHHXi asHsaxi CBHBOJEEBa-^BacToaataa pocBOBibi aeAOCTaioa'b 
HJi OTcyTCTfiie soTopoB Bce-TasH oniyqaeTea. Ashki^ otfjiaAaih- 

Jl^il HeotfHBBOBeflflOl) CSJOHHOCTbl) Kl 0(SpaaOBaBiD HOBHU ClOBl 



90 OHIBOIIKA* § 4L 

H Bi BBexeiio n aero Hecfn^ecTBOBaBOfln iipesxe n MVk 
BjeMHTOBi, le ptAso BiizoABTb 181 BpeABasHaveHHHn 6XJ npe- 
ifkjion^ HO otfyBAiiBaa crpeueHiii b^ yuexedi) lUBtmiro <Io- 
rararo larepiajia i B'b jejiosfleHiD xo^Jt^s* eiosBaro e 6ez% 
Toro opraHHsia, wJti^Mfirm mdvo on^ BaBoaeiit, TepAen xap^a- 
Tepi rapMOHiqecBaro iiliaro h noxBepraeTCi nocTeaeHiovji npaB- 
Aa — HexieHBOiji ho neneyeiioiij pauoaceHin. Ilo&a chiboii- 
Ba, orpaHHUBaicB xbju ciOBaiH am BHpas6Hia OAioro KOHii- 
riiiy AOBOJifcCTByeTCii onpeAtiOHHOD sareropieB cioffb, asbbs ^k&j^ 
sBBaercii emfi b% Heo(SxoAHHOBi au aero paBHOBiciff, TorAa- 
BaEi HenoiftpHoe en pasBHTie Hapymaon ero ycrpoScTBO i or* 
pasBaercji i vb ero j^opiajiuoS qacTi. AoBa3aTeIBCTBOll^ TOMy 
cjiysm JiBBRi caHCBpHTCBiS, A^psBBmiilM aa bhcoboI cteaeHn 
coBepmeHCTBa ao Tix% nopi, Hosa ^ipesBinqatflaa ero cdooo^octe 
Bi o^paBOBaHin cioshhxi cxobtb ( cocTejm^Hxi cb cuMBouqecBH- 
u n t^HoB cbjibh) eiyiiia co($inAftTb HaAxesaiqyD Hftpy, a 
npHtfjHsaBniBea b% ynaAsy t% TOro BpeMenBy BorAa eJosHU 
cjofia BHxoAHJii m noioseB&axi m npoAtJioBi «(oco6eHHo 
oocjit KaiHAacB, BOToparo cowHeHia bi otomi oiuomeaiB vso- 
6iB«aDn cTpoflayD copaaiipHocirB). 

8. Oco($eHBaa cbxohhoctb aBBBa bi yaoTpe($ieaii) BBpaseaiB 

• 

eiHBOJiqecBixi, nepeaocBHxi. Xon CHVBOJiHsa b% <S^iI»DlBX^ 
UH Heafcuiix!b paBxfcpaxi BCTptqaeica vb vaatj^owb asBBt, Bce- 
TaBH neuui oTpai^aTBy mo vb EiaoTopaxi otpaciaxi ijih eeab- 
n% oaa BpotfiBaeToa aapyxy HoepaBHeBHO (So^ie, nbu^ n Apy- 
TEThf TaB*b-qTO y aftBOTopBxi HapoAOBi BaiftqaeTca Baaoe-fo 
ipipoAfloe Vb aeB Bieveaie, odycAOBUBaeioe apefliyateeTBoaao 
ero otfpaBOBaaiocTU), otfatecTBeanaHi ((btoi^b, cocpeAOTOveaaocraD 
rocyAapcTBeHBoB bibctk, paBBaiieai JuiepaTypH, ea Baapaaje- 
aievB H, HaRoaeitiy shboctud Bootfpaxeaia. BaeceBiell^ B!b ih- 
TeparyinflB ciorb aoasn^ eoeraBJienBxs paaHBU aaTopaia, 
oeotieaao xo eiuMBopi^aBH BBfiaxfiBiB nvn CMn^ ufM BBne- 



OHIBOIIKA. § 4U 91 

ynouHjTEixi yejiOBiflXiy nonsyetcfl xm o($oraiiteHifl CBoero la- 
Tepiaja. JlHTepaTjpHBfl BHpaseaia DpHBaBaoTCH bi otfnievi'b ro- 
Bopi, CHa«iaia bi asEiBt o^pasoBaeHHX'b cocjiOBill, Barta'b b% 
rOBopi BHBinm cJioeBii pacnpocTpaHAacB BCJiiACTaie axoro n 
no licTHHWb UH otfjacTHHai roBopaaiy h ciauoBscb TasHM^ 
oCfpasoifb o(Sl^H^ xocToaHien Hapoxa. Upratpsi Toiy bi hs* 

(Sant OSaSHBaDTea BI fltKOTOpHX^ HSI flSUSOBl BOCTOqHHXl, 

npes^e Bcero bi apa<(cso*i e nepcEACROii. OnoeotfaecTb oTHX'b 
a8HK0B^ Ki otfpasoBaflii) cEHBOiflqecBBxi cjiobi yAKBHTejibHa; 
((oraTCTBO BCTpiqaiHi(HXCfl Bi BBXi MeTa^^opi H o^opoTOBXy yao- 
Tpetfjiaeaaxi bi BepeHOCHOii eaHCJit, bi caioai ji/iAt HsyaH- 
TeJi&ao: Bise-npBBeAeBHHe npaHipH opeACTasjiflDT'b aecBia ne- 
3Ba<iBTeibHjD xoJii) BToro fleascHBaeiaro sanaca. Ectb BoaaTia, 
AU BOTopflxi cyqecTByerB ae aeu^be naTHAecara caaBOJiEqecux'b 
odoBHa^eaiB, e TaKia, BOTopaxi Bcero ae fleate mecTEAeeaTE 
HJiE Aftse ceEEAOcaTE; Tasia noaaTia npEaaAJiesarb ai paspaAy 
cjLovhf EflftDB^flX'b ocotfeafloe aaaiieBie aix napoAa aia b% pe- 
jiEriosflon OTBomeaiEi ejee vb otfqesETiEy exe bi AOEamaeH'b 
xosafcTBt E np. Tasi aa-np., b% dbpcbacsoei asnai EOHETie 
«cojni](e» BEj^eT'b BeeaiTEoe EOXE<ie€TBo BBpamail €EEBMEte- 
esExi, «d otfiacaaeTca AP^^aea) pexErieM aepcoBi: otfosaaieai 
Be((eeflHn catTEXi e oraenoExoaBEveCTBorB. IIoacX^bhex otfpaaoE'B 
E EBAiflcEil naaTeaaaiy coCToaBmil n o($osaHiE aaxeail npflpoAu 
E Bi oTAaBafliE tiosecKEXi D^veeT^S BeteeHHEx eBiTaxaa'b, eo« 
BAaxi vh caflcapETt AXfl «coxBita» e «xyaa» aeeEOBt^paoe eo- 
xnectBO Npaxeail, asi soTopHX'B (SftABiaE ^acTb caEBOxa^ie- 
CEaro opMcxosAeBia y varAa-KaKi EeEunaa ^aen exi ocaoBasa 
sa spocTaxi riaroxfcaHrb JEopux'& , xote e Tyn Ea«rAa nona- 
AaDTca oTTOJiecKE cEEBexflCE. Apa($a[ b% cbov ovepoAfc eoTB»- 
pEn ^etfft ^txal paapaAft SHpaseoil axe stea^ BEymax)n(aro wn 
BeoteKaoMEHoa yaaaeaie oaoeo evioB i eaoEE^b BaxEieeTaeaEHiii 
BEAO»^, fM ^epSjmda^ eei ctoib BeotfxdAVuro am ($xaroB<H 



92 CHHBOIHKA. §g 41—42. 

jiyqearo irczoxa npeAnpirHHMaeHBrB hhh ^epesi H60($03pHicui ne- 
c^asHir CTODH nyreniecTBil, ocotfeHHO no ToproBBHi A^iaii, hjih 
ci iitJbX) nosjOHeHiff cBflTim Hi^cTaxi, — xm Aomadu^ Hitio- 
nteB AJtfl hbx'b nepeocTeneHHyx) BasHOCTb npa BoeHenxi noxo- 
Aaxi, HanaAeHiflxi n np. BspaTiit, bi bthxi asmaxi chhbo- 
jiBqecKUM'b nyTeHi ^anie Bcero o6o8HaqaioTCfl TaRifl cjioBa h no- 
BflTifl, KOTopHii BX'bDT'b AM caMOFO Hapo^a rjrytfosoe SHaqoHie. 

nOUATHO, qiO CHMfiOJIHSa, CUraXCb JiZ% OJOMeHTOBl CaKOCTOfl- 

TOJiBHuxi H sasjiDqair bx ce6% cJioBa yxe roTOBHii, bi sasAov'b 
ASHS'b AOJisHa saHHHaTB HesaBHCHHoe nojioxeHie, Tin'B 6oj[te bi 
jiBBRax^y FAib eB bo xhofex's cjiyqaaxi OTAaoTCJi npoHHymecTBo 
nepoA'b npocTEm cjoBootfpasoBaaieii'b. TaKi-Kasi noApo(!Hoe ex 
HsxoseHie ne bxoaht^ b% niaai SToro coqEHOHix, to h3:b Hiso- 
TopHXi OTpacJieB npexcTaBEHtb lemb HtcROJiBso npuHipoBi aa* 
BBAopssy, otfpao^ax ocodoHHoe BHHHaHie Ha cHXBOJHiiecKia bh- 
paxeHifl OTpacJiB HHAO-eBponeBcRoB. 

§ 42. npHttlipa Hsi OTpaoJH xshbobi OAHOCJiosHax'B. 

a) n3*b RHTaflcsaro aBHRa: «<ieii-ce» (HHnepaTopi)=Me(J'ec« 
cum ((iEumaiiy> eavi aa Ty3eMH0M'b xsHRt osnaqaeTCfl qepesi 
cun-kuo ^cpeduHU t^opcmeo^, a <iKumae^^y> qepesi cun-kuo' 
ain (icpeduHU mjpcmea HMoenm^B <xI],apcTBo cpeAHHEix> no- 
Toxy, qio no TysexHsn noHXTixxi ExiaB saexxaeTi RaR^-pasi 
cpoAHHy sexnaro ma pa; BCTptqaerca Bnpoqex'b.H BcipaxeHie tien- 
cau = EumaU ^neffecnoe mpcweo); tien-niil ( JsacTo^Ra ) = <( h6- 
6ech doMxay>; tien-hia (chtT'b)^^ue6o no^^ (to-bctb ccto ^to 
naxoAHTCx noA'B He6oxi», cpaan. pyccR. ^nodcoAHeHuaH^); co- 
jeu (cjiyra, npBejryra)«»«47btfo-npMoii> (cctoti, rotophB ctortb 
TO sa jiiBoBy TO Ha npanoB cTopoaft, BOTopuB BepiHTCx osojio 
qejiOBftRai npxcjiysHBaeT'B))); kien-nei (Ti)pBxa)«<K8R3axeH0BaTb| 
cpoAHHax) (bi Ap6BHifl Bpexeea RaHABAATB, noABepraBmieca 8R- 
BaxoBaxi AU npiodptTenix yqennxi CTeneHoB, 8aRjii)qaiHC& b^ 
Tixi noxtn^eniaxiy ROTopHX cjysxjrx tdpbkoB); U-fen (oveHB^ 



OHHBOJrVRi Bl OAHOCJIOSHHXl JI3. § 42. 93 

coBetvb) dysB. «(}ec^9raf> HacmeiiTi^ (Tas'b-KaKi RaKaii-HH($yAB Be- 

JIHqHHa Vb CBOeB II^JIOCTH no RHTaffCKHH'B nOHflTiflH'B COCTaBJIfleT- 

Cfl H3!b AOcaTH qacxeB — cJitAOBaiejiBHO «si-/en» =«ii4jihkom*b, 
o^enB»: si- fen hao=;ifl(iBn qacreB xopomo='0^eHb xoporao, npe- 
KpacHO»); tin-men (i)HOffla)=se-ieii«/i (cunin) A/n>ma (to-gcts 
c HaxoAimtiBcfl bi hojioaomx B03pacT6»); tao-Jcia (cBam6HHiiKi)»> 
•paayjua doMz^ ((^JAto <ca:;^aMte4t«t^^6 j^adj^^a^, soTopaBnocBfl- 
maerci pe.iHriH, Btpt, mjapocth); minrpe (noHMaTb)=<3c/icwtitf, 
(fn^titS{» (to, ^to npeACTaBjfleTCfl naMi o^eaB acho, OTqeuBBO, 
^To ^noHRmuonf) h np. 

b) Hb^ ((apHaHCKaro flsnsa: «(^ae^-5i (opniopi, roBopflniiB) = 
• CAoea co6cmeeHHum^i taun-cd (ia}iim}i)'=^<'ieunp(meuHoe ntds- 
n^iU; pja-rie (moa'b)-" «wv64UM0e moaokoj>; dd-pra (pastfoB- 
EVifi^)=MeH^ noKaahieawwU ; let-si (Kyjasx)=<Kj7^fc<« nAodh»; 
mi-aim ($ooapB)=awc««Mt? doMz; von-kri (HHHecTpT>)=«(5pe- 
Ma CoAhmoe (HBveK'B sa 6oiiBinyE) oTB^TCTBeeHOt^TB h o6peHeHii- 
T6JIBH0CTB STOFO no.ioseHifl); kjup-samd (nopTHoB)s3taumb/i xy- 
dooKHum; gd-mo (Bpari, EenfinTeAh)=(iHeHaetiCMU ueAoerwbn] 
mjo-ca (ry6epuaTopB)=«^cijpod5 czihdanmiity^ (bicmhcji% ccors 
ropoAa GBOH AOxoAH nojiy^a]DniiB»). 

e) Hsi ciaHCsaro BSHsa: a^tin-faii (ropE30HrB^ He($ocKj[OH'B)= 
^fwta neCa^; hai rceeo (napyci>) = «42«cm9 AodKuy>; me-nam 
(pisa)=jMa9nb eodu; hang-lua (^^Jih)=xeocim Aodnu; luk- 
pace (KJiH)qi)==cww» deepu; me-ren (\iunr%) = Mamh cuam; 
nam-man (AepeBflBHoe vacjio) = (7oda o/cupy; pai-ma (nocb- 
'£ETh)'=^^udmu-npuxodumhy> (bet. jpt^iasccnocbTBTB^y 03BaqaeT- 
cfl Ba DHCBni AByMH pyRBHH); luk'son (cT]^i.u)=cum Ayna; 
nam-caj (bojib )=eo(?a eepdua; luk-mmo ( pa(OTBHR^) =ct>/M« 
pyKu (ccROTopuB TpyAOXi nHTaeTCfl»); me-ddb (resepajii, nojiso- 
Boiei^'B ) — ^am« eoucna; nin-don {neBhvii)^sscepegpo^ soAomo; 
kea-pla {^A^ W!M)=pucZ'pu6a (conocTaBioBie AByxi sou- 
speTBHXi noBariB cjiysoTi epOACTBOH^ oi^pasoaaTB OTBJieqeH- 



94 OHMBOIHSA. § IB. 

Boe); nam^dan (caxap'B)Ba6oda noAbMoeato depeea; adn-hvcm 
( jacKaT6J[BHBB, ibCTHBnS)— jM^xitf, cjadfciU; laXhluk (TSHHCTBeH- 
uu^)—CKpumuii^ tJ^ffffofdil h ap« 

§ 48. npBMips HB^b uajiaBcBoB OTpacu* 

a) Hbi coticTBeBHO HajEaBcEaro nsBsa^ vb KCTopoHx Bcrpft- 
qaDTCH nepiAKO cjiOBa , otfpaaoBaHHHfl Becbiia BaHiicjiOBaTo b 
noaTB^ecKH: mata-drt (cozjiLnfi)=tAa3d dun; anak-djer (py^e- 
esi)=«CBH'b BOffiLy>; anak-ddgHn (rpetfei^iy BecejiBHBK^b) ^cum 
eec4ai»; 6ratiriUan (BSBtcTBoB poA'B otSesbBOH)— «i^^tfnjKi( 4ib* 
ca»; mdtardjer ( BCToqEVsi )=ua3« eodbi; {M-fdJian ((SoibicoB 
naj[eiii)=jiiamt pynu; anak'konU {Kimvb)=cum saMxh; biim* 
dpi (Ecvift^) = ^enmoK^ otns; bUtah'pdrt (kocth, BrpaJiBBHfl 
koctb) ^fuodz cAynasTi^; ceremin-rndta {oi^BiE)=3epKaAo %Acm 
(T0TX-X6 canfiB otfopoTi BCTptvaOTCB H vb KBTaBcs. jen-Un 
<KoqBH»Bti/iad3 aepHOAo) h np. 

Hn AauBCEaro B3HKa: kanibang'hatu (vfB6^)=wrbmofe^ cxa- 
Au; gohon-mata (cjie8a)«coff« tAosh; mata-ffandau (coJBiie) 
—%Aas^ dun; tarima-kasi (6jLBvo]k9i^nocn)^npuwimie 6m%o^ 
dfbHHui^ MUAocmu; haun^andau {o6MSJo)^noeepxHOcmh dnji ^ 

H np. 

b) Hsi flSHKOB^ nojiBBesiBcBBXi: 

Hbi TonrcBaro bbhrb^ cavaro pasBHTaro lesAj nojBBesifl- 
ckbmb: tu\'n\ma {]Loii>OTb) = KOJmHO pyxu; matta-he-lad {boC" 
TOK%)^%dash coAma (matta no ^opit b SBaqeaix) coBnanaen 
c^ HRiiaBcR. mdta); ifi-afi (Benej^'b)—^pa3dyeam% oiOMb» (Tasi- 

RaRl Bl 8T0 BpOHB ABB paSAyBaDTl TJltDn^iBGI nOA'B BOJIOB 0- 

roBB); tnatta-fdle ( nopori ) » ua^ dojia (ai cincjift npaU 
doMa); fahegehe (CMjafimEn)'^pa8pHd% (sjiaccB, coeaoBie) 
oco6uii (TBR'B-KaB'B TaBBA jiBqBOCTB npaBaAJesHn si oco66B- 
Boiy eocJOBiD; bx asHBt ceHABBqcBou eestneHHum aasHBaeT- 



t Gah€l€nt%, Gramm. d. Dajak-Spr. 16— 17. 



* _ 

OHHBOJIHRA. § 44. 95 

=^daoicdh KaMHH '(«*Aa=«ajiaacK. Agan). 

Tin TaHTCKaro aauica: mata-rui {cit\ioVL)^tAa3a ho^ (bo- 
Toparo pjiaaa norpyEGHH vb ho%, TeMHii); ro-uro (bojoch) — 
Mypaem toAoeu (SAtcb bojioch no CBoeiiy KomiecTey npapaB- 
BHBaDTCtf ifb lypaBbaMi BypaBeBHaaa); tahua-mai (jtaapb, 
Bpaq'B)— acMtcfeMHtiin^ (fo47bdHti». 

§ 44. npBMipH H3l aiJ^pHKaaCKHX'B H aiepiKaHCSHI'b ABHSOB'b: 

a) Ha* a$pHiuiHCKaro iisHKa ^HHaa: ^Mr-e-mac (ctpa)=* 
najneHh oihh; m^-cjln (na-iBUH) =icopiiti pyKu; rur-a-did (teii- 
BOTa)=wyjKa«« 6o4btuoU (%ycmoii); wtong hdr (nmuHiU Mioffs) 
^dAUHHuU potrn; uar-jau (6eperi)— tpjft?^ pmu; tjen-edSn- 
did (MOJiBw)=waj«eif«(TaBae dy6wia)Eoia (d4n'did=So%z= 

«mame46 0e4t<f(ii{») h np. 

b) Ha* xeacBsaacaaro aaasa: guanaJta (cb onpe;i. qjieaox* 
quanakaU) «^tTyx^»«B<icBOTopHH Hiten jm;ico (na^^ aa %0' 
Aoefb (quai)y»; cenkuitlaskolliU (apoBHoe poACTBo) ^^npegueanie 
(BazosA^nie) e% mna^-oice caMun enympcuHOcmnm (cen=^ 
BMicift; A^itf^a-s^Ki— BflyTpefluocTB, BHiasHy co6ctb, <xlocns mer- 
d» hamai]ffi)»; huiUaU —m%tiA ^ stercus); kuiUapUliatlapaili 
(noiuBOHBHe, DOAAaHfiae, BMCua)==X90CfM^ kpuam; mapU- 
tekuUi ^ (6ojibmoB MJien'b)^KHJi9h naAbim% (naAe^^ HasHaaer- 
M mapUli^ H BBaqHrb cotfcTBeaao «cmk« pyKUT^^ Tasi-sas'B 
i9iaiA=3pyBa^ H jpiZJiaseafli) h np. 

e) na'B nepjaBoaaro aaaaa: mama-Jckoca {%Ofe)=Mamh oaept; 
riti-mitta (WM)=^epeMs cfifftia»; miskhtidlu (.itflHBHB ve- 
JOBis*, jftBTaI)«*c4adiMM Koemt (BByTpeflaaa CBaab nepoBOC- 
Bare noBBTia cb Aayu cocTaaaHMH am bacb aeaoBflTBa); rar- 
ha'huqjkku {^'J^eeli^)=eo^onpoeo^^ oepaia; mickkak-huc^'na ^ 



' Buschmanny Ueber die aztekischen Ortsnunen^ Philology. Abhandl. Acad. 
WiM. Berlro. 18&3, 638 h cj^a* 
^ Mdrkhanif G)ntfibutiont... Grammar- Quichua. 142. 



96 CHMBOJHRA. § 45. 

(iDHoma B^ jiyqineM^ B03pacT%)=jif04odot{, pauo cosprbetuiU mU' 
uch; huarmiJckarinman'SonJdco (xeBniEHa JLio6simfiSi^ BJiK>6jeHBafl) 
aotceuuiUHa cz Myomunaio e% cepdurbi> (ROTopaii HH^erB lys^ 
qBHy B'b cep;i,i^ty jih)6htt» ero); huarminak (jitBHua) ofceuu^una 
((Hcena) Sean (aoTopafl eQi.6 se c^^jrajiacB bojihoh) seH^EHoB, se- 
noK)); sonJckO'hapik (naMHTB) <ctno, nmo depo/cufm^ saxeamu- 
eaemz cepdvtty^ ('$onMo=cepAil6; Aapini =AepxaTb, saxBaiQ- 
BaTb); Aanaft-jpaca (setfo), (fysB, eepxnee epeMs (nmnae^^ 
xy epsMHj TO-ecTB vH'bcTO, rA'b hoctomho BpeMA», Mthcmo etbH- 
nato epeMCHu) h np. 

§ 45. UpHuipu H3i apatfcsaro ASHirn. 

3a%cb b^ rpynnaxi cHMBOjnqecsHX'B nrpaiDTi BecBva BaKnyo 
pojiB CJioBa ihn (ceihi), ahii (oTeai)) h umm (HaTB; noAO(>HO 
Kasi Bi lajiaflcK. flsufit andk vahta, pe6eHos'B)i> e {M MaTB): 
aahdl jdkzdn (n'bTyx'B)=omet(s (fe^t^me^t^HOcmM; abuhwasdh 
(($jioxa)=om6U5 ;ianad6Mi;{. (hjih aomeu^ npuofCKoez); aM^l- 
husajn (wcniia) fnomem HeSoAhtuoU Kpttnocmu (doa'b icpb- 
nocmhfo TyTi o^eBHAHO noApasyMibBaeTCA jbcbh nopsa); a&d'Z- 
musdfir (cupi) ^omem nymemecmeeHuuKoez (Tasi-Eas'B ohe 
Eui npeEHyqecTBeHHO HETaH)TCfl ) ; a&i^c^^i&e!^ ( bojii. ((bsi ) «o- 
m&U)% Hasoza^\ ibn^allah (Hec^acTBuH) «cmh9 j?om)» (BOToparo 
Bor^ EaBaBHBaeT'B bjie xoqexi BcnHTaTB; cp. EescRB. teokoho- 
liztli <xnpoEa3HH8y nposasai) — 6ysB. <c(SoseeRafl 6oJit3HB»| to-6Ctb 
aBoroHi nocjiaEHaa 6oj['h3HB»); thn-as-sahdh (;ioxjib) <icuws 
o6AaKOQ%; ummul-amwdl (0Bi(a)=jMa7nt» docmammnocmu^ 6b- 
famcm^a (Tasrb-sas'B on HEoroqECJieEEocTE cTa^'B saBECETi 60- 
raxcTBO EX'B co6cTBeHBesa ; 9to cjobo ysasHBaeT'B aa so^oboB 
6un apa($6REX'B njieMee'B, ocotfeBHO ze b'b xpeBsiE spe^ieHa); 
ummul'Chdbdiz (BHBa)»:jKamb soaz^ nopoKoe^ (BaKi npflqHEa 
ooBiifleHiE); umm'Chassdf (cvLef'ih)=Mamh hohuuxz nymeme- 
cmeiU («KOTopaE nyTemecTByen B'B TeMHort, ebmotce b'b toe- 
uoT% TO-ecTB cBApyr^i EeosEAaaEO^); umm'Chuffds (E6cqacTie)»» 



GHIBOJIHKA. §§ 45-^ 46. 97 

xjBMamh Aemysum MuweH, (BOTopu cqaTaDTCH sioBftn^EiH ) ; 
umm-Pakahat {^omh)—Mamb nomoMcmea ^Tas's-Kas^b ona ot- 
jiBqaeTCfl vpesBuiaffHHM'b njioAopoAiesi); umm-loh (opeii)— 
Momh eoadyxa; umm-ndfifi (HeDOTpe^HafiseHi^HHay 6jyAHBAa)= 
Mamb eutoduj Saputua; ummun^naddmat (nocnboiHOCiB, to- 
poajHBocTB, onpoiieT<iiiBOCTb)=j»famt pacKasuis. 

Apyrie npHiiipH: Unt-u^-gabal (axo, OTroj[OcoKi)=do^ti %opu 
(9X0 easuBaeTCA Kpoit Toro en^e Mjsir-gawdb=^tomoeuit om- 
enmz); hajjul'md'i (fT^Th) =otcu3Hh eodu^ (Hcuoan eoda; ddrul' 
huzn (cB^TX, Hip'b)=doAf« topn (yrpnHHK^ ^araJiflCTH^ecKiB 

BSrJIflA'B Ba CBtTl npOBBMOTCfl fiO HHOSeCTBt nO]Sfl6EUrh TOMy 

BBpaxeniS, r^'b cemm BSot^paacaeTCa , Easi •aom'b taI^hboctv, 
BanacTeBi»y «TX)pbHa xopomaroA, «CBOA'b HcnciTaHilx), csEuoie 
iipa^Hoe»9 ttHCTO^HHSi ri6ej[B]»y «;(om*b co^jasBOBi^ h np.); 
rikdhus'sahdb (Biipi) acmpeMA o^AaKoezr^ (hjih CTpeHesa. . • )! 
sagaratu-0'zakikn {^efn)=^^epeeo adcKoe fl np. 

§ 46. Bi ABHKax^b BHAO-eBponeBcsoB oTpacis no OTBomesiD 
CHMBOJHSH caflcspHTi saHHiaeTi nepBoe h4cto, tfyxyu flSHiioMi^ 
BOCToquHMiy npeAaDiiiHMGfl CBO({oABO Bieqeflii) paaHrpHBaDqarocfl 
H HeotfysAaiiHaro HBor^a Boodpasenifl Tysexaaro aapoAa, h 061a- 
jifiM vfOMffiun larepiajiOHi am oeyniecTBJieHifl noAoSaaro CTpev- 
jceflia. TasHHi nyiean BecBia pa3Hoo($pa3HHa saTeropiH noHflTiS 
BXOAHJiH Bi cocTaBi cjoBi CHUBOJUE^ecKHXiB ; ((ojiBBie Bcero Ofr 
BaBO CBKBOJiHsa ocTaHaBJBBajiacb Ha npe^HeTaxi h HBJieHim 
npepoAH, ^euy seiajio cnoco({cTB06aj[o naBTOHCTHqecRoe bob- 
spftnie HBAiB^6B^ na npiipoAyt cocTaT^unniee oeodoBHOCTb Hx^b 
HipoeosepAaBui , o^HapyasHBaiooiyiocfl CTOJtb hcho bi Bexaxi. Bi 
dnTh ApoBBixi naxBTHirsax^b yxe ojEiieTBopiiDTCA npHpoAHHJi 
CHJiH H IBJI6HU: moahU np6ACTaBJiAeTCfl tforox'B ([EfNdpa^ 9 pas- 
rpouflVn^HHi o6jiaKa (BparoB^b tfora HnApii), h BciiACTBie bto- 
ro HicnocHiaDiiiHH^ aoxai^ sa seHJv. CoAmiy i j^pm wh nop** 
BU BBOXH HapoAiaro h jmiepaTypHaro pasBHiifl Tose BOSA^Ba*^ 



98 C H H B JI H IC A. § 46. 

nc& tfosecRifl no^ecTir, pasHUA hxi oniteTBopeHiir nojiyrojiH oco- 
($BA caMocTOflTejiBBEiii BasBaeiif, h dmM> 6ujlo yxe nojvoxeBO npo^* 
Hoe ocflOBaBie HBoro^HCJieflflui'b CBMsojiB^iecKflHi cjoBaHi, boto^ 
pna, ci nepeHin](eflieMX ota^jibbhxi oTpacjeS apiBcsaro njie- 

HeBH H paCBpOCTpaBeflieM'b HXI OO paSBBMl odjiaCTHMl, B6 TOJIB* 

BO He 0CJKi($HJiHeB9 HO BCB 6oJi4be H 6oji'be ycEiHBajiflCB. TaBHHi» 
o6pa80Hi Bi BJiaccH^ecBOHi cancKpHrb BCTptqaoHi HeniioBtpHoe 
BOJBiecTBO eBiBOJEH^ecBHX'B BHpaseHiB A^fl qoAftm H AynUf boc- 

ntBaOHHX'B JHOHHHaeHHXl Bl paSHHX'B TBOpeHiflXl HBAlBcBBX^B 

BooTopseflHHXi naeerBpHROBi, ]i,a& BiTpa (maru^^, eotophB Topxe-* 
CTBOHHO npoBOSHOCHTCH B'B BOAaxi, A jfl o6AaKoe% H AJiA o^H/i (agni). 
Bi paapAA^ CHHBOJiBqecKBX'B cjiobi, odoaaaqaDiiiiixi shbothhji, 
CTOfln Ha nepBOH^ njraHib: cAom (no BecBva dohjitbhm'b npH- 
aBan), AeeB^ mutpi; BpoHft^Toro, npn ^yBCTBOBHOii HanpaBie- 
hIh HpHpoAH H xapaBTepa HHAiBcBaro napoAa, b 6on Aio6eu %e- 

CTHTCfl MHOrO^HCJieHBHMl paspHAOK'B eJIOBl CBXBOJDqeCBHXi; HBO- 

ro cHHBon^ecKHX'B BBpazeeiB cy^ecTBy otb h AJ^noHBTiB — «mpbf 
$eMM^ %opa B depeeor>. EpoHi Toro h tforn — BHAiBcBaB tnmH^rti 
(ocotfeHflO Q%va)y no cyniecTBy A^<sft| ($hah ospyseaH HBOse- 

CTBOH'B CHBBOJHqeCBHXl HO^OTBHX'B HJEH MBOOJIOrHqeCBBXl flaSBa- 

BiB. CHBBoxBqecKiB BHpaseBia, ocotfeHHo caBcspHTOKaro BSHKa, 
AOKasHBaDTO, ^to ohh o^pasymi bi bbsaoh'b SLzmA aeoTvyx- 
AaeMyx) hxi cotfcTBOHHOCTB: ohh ho nepesHHaioTCB hbi Apyraxi 

HBHBOB^ H HXl BOJIBSfl CpaBHBTB €1 COOTBtTCTBeHHHMH HMl HO 

BBa^OBii) ejOBaiH bsheobi cpoABHXi, Tals'B-HaBi TOJiBBo rasui 
eiOBa oBaBHBaiorB BsaHHHoe cxoactbo, kotophb o^pasoBaeH ae 
CHHBOJiH^ecBH, a Ha oGHOBaBiH npocTHXi BopneB; Toqsa sp^baiA 

paSBBX^B BapOAOBl, XOTH B HpBBBAJeiRaHlHXl E!B TOHy-SO HJie- 

lOHH, vb 8T0HI OTHomefliH dHBaei^ BcerAB caHocTOJiTejiBHa , ho 
ciOTpii Ha saxtqaTOJiBHoe cxoactbo bx ciOBoo($pa80BaBiH. BaB!B 
yse ynouayro, cHMBoiHiiecBiir BQpazeHifl o6yejoBJiHBai>TCfl co- 
ctaBOH^ cJLOffB H CHocot^oHi Hxi coeAHHeHUTi opeAHOJiaraH dm 



OHMBOJinSA Bl OAHORPKT^ft. § 46. 99 

pasHHXi DOH«Tiii : cjftAOBaTejibHO cjobs , sasi Hanp.y jdmiM 
(Bon; co66TB. aBpeiJi ookoh^ ($AtHiii — on jdma^ K0p.yam= 
upEHyzAaTb, yapaBiflTB, yi&pomaTB»), najafM^vjOLn (Kop.nl 
<BeeTH», cjtAOBaTejLHO <Krjia3ix> == octo, vto BOAen qeaoBftsa, 
yopaBMen iihib)^ iItfAitor=AO^b (on KopBA duh=jiflETi; 
«KOTopaA AOHiiJ^), &Ad = 3«HJiii, MtCTO (coBaaAaoTi c% riar. 
BopHOMiiM «6uTi>», cjtA* «T0y WO ocTB, cyoieeTByent) HnoA«i 

B6 OpeACTaBJ^DTl CHMBO.IHKB Bl TtCHOBl CHUClt (XOTfl H BA'^CBf 

KOHOTOO, npoflBJiiieT6fl| no spalHeM iftpft oTqacTB, OTHomoflie no- 
poBocaaro BHaqoBui), Tasi-KaKi ohh coctohtb hsi oahopo toib- 
Ko sopflii, a 6e8i abjxx Hacio^Qafl CBiBOJiiiKa B6HHejHia. 

HHxecjitAyDniie opHuftpH crpyonapoBaHH no ota^jibhhh'b pas- 
piAaxi: a ) Bupaxeaifl hah coAuua b Ayuu. GxoBa, o($08Bawi)n4fl 
coMme: dvMs6^vara==eAacmumeJih dun (cjaraetCA Wh diva* 
sa + tQvara — RopoBB oepBaro cjr« div = ^^lecmybmbyBToparo tq = Bjia- 
aItb, iiapcTBOBaTB; To-se sBaqeeie Huten ditUQvara); ruci^ 
^Oidman^=oicuAtmc ceftma (Kop. rm (((SjecTtTB^i H(2M <ccTa- 
BBTB, nocTaBHTB]», TaKB-^To dhdfnan=^TOf qio nocTaBXOHOy cipoe- 
Hie, BAftoie^); vigvakarman^ece dtbAanm^iu ( Bce ocyniecTBxaD- 
niil, Bee npeuBADiivB, cjysHT'B TaKse BasBafliexi ^xydootcHuna 
Memcdy 6oiaMU^\ cocTaBHUfl qaciB; t;i(t;a=<KBC62> e rxar. bo- 
peHB kaT^=^f!^iL'\Th)\ usnaruci—UMfMomu aicapKie Aynu (on 
us «M«iB»=jaT, ur-o b rue — (JjecrtTB — xax. Im — ); ghar^ 
madjuti=uMrM(miu menAuu^ otcapKiU ffjiecfcd (ghartna aTOUHSy 
xapsiil)) — jpeq. ^^^ /xo -* totck. varm=vb varm-jan «rptTB»); 
sahasrdn^ ^odapeuuuu mucmeio AynaMU^ (sdhasra='ruoBn^f 
ahQu = j^m>); angudhara = depoicatu^ee Aynu^ noMnee AffHU 
(angu vl dhar aHecTi, AepsarBD — mt. /er, ep, Zt*ci-/e^=CBt- 
tobocbhM, yTpoBBBX BBtBAa); anguhasta fnuMtbwu^ee Ayuu w 
pyKfb» (hasta—jf^nA; sopeeB OToro cjiosa BlpoBXBO b^ cBxaH 
n rxaroiOHi har «6paTB| saxBaTHBaiBX)}; anQumdlin aoKpy 
atDCHHoe etutnoMi Jtyneii (mdld «piiA'^> BtBeiii»); OQitaruc 

1* 



100 OHMBOJTHBA. § 46. 

iiUMtbKmee AffHU ue xoAodnue^ (sapsie) ; sapta'sapti=(^uMihio^ 
u^ee ceMh Aomadeii^ (sapti «JioinaAB^); abgintpati=:o6Aada' 
meAh 6o%amaio MmycaMU Mfbcma; ambutaskara^^eopz eodu; 
grahapati=eAacmumeAhj odAadameAt nAanetm; gagamdhva§a 
^==0Aa%% eoadymHuil; dindbandhu==dpim dun (handhu cApyrii^ 
co($CTBeHHO = <(f2^ti9/25aMMbiu» orb &andf% .= npHBflSfiiBaTBy npa- 
i^tnjiflTb); tamoglina ^= npoioHHKm^^ meMuomy (l(amas=TeH- 
H0T8, %an = yiapflTB, (Sktb); dJivdntdrdti = epat% meuHomu 
(dhvdnta <(TeMBOTa» h ardti «Bpari»y co6ctb. ^ne Aio6HVj(,iiiy>^ 
coGTOfln^ee bsi sop. ram (cjiK)(SeTb» h OTpHuaTOJbuoB ^acraiiEi a); 
djupati=uaph^ oSAadameAt He6a (nepBaA ^acn aroro cjiOBa, 
dju^ BCTpftqaeTCfl xaKxe B'b jraTHHCB« flSHKft bi cioB'b Ju-piter 
«OTeu'b H66a», CTOflQen'b BxiCTo <i*dju piten>; cooTBiiCTBeHHoe 

CJOBO Wh CaHCBpHTGBOM'b HSURt 6hiJL0 ($EI djupitd !— Bl HMeHHT. 

naAest); drgadhjahsa^=^cmopoomj uaSAwdameAh ^ uadsupu' 
meAb %Aa3^ (raKX-BaB'b coJiHite ecTb rjiaBHEiB hsto^hhici CBtra 
AM nasi)); ^anacaj^$=ua^ meopemii (^na = ^Quo^tmy 
TBopesiev — on sopHA ^n=<KpoAnTb», cji^a- «Bce, mto pos- 
Aaeicji^) H np. 

CHHBOJiB^ecKifl BHpaseHifl aja ^^mm qyrb ho MHoro?HCJreHH%e 
BasBaHiS aJEH coAHi^a; jiyna Bootfnie npeACTaBJifleri oahhi hsi 
2[K)6huhxi npeAueroB'b jiapHqecKHxi cTHxoTBopi^eB'b , no noBOAy 
cJi'bAys>^^^ B^ sapsHXi RjiHMaTaxx nocJit sasaTa cojHita h bog- 
xoAa JiyHH npiflTHoB npoxjiaAH, ona nrpaoTi Becbia BasHyn 
poib H BiCTHXOTBopeflijiX'b 8poTBq6GBaro coAepsaHifl.'Maorifl HSi 

CHHBOJHqeCKHX'b 0($03HaqeBiB JryBH COCTOAT'b Bl T^GHOB CBfl3H G'b 

cooTB^TGTBeBflHHii BupaseHJjiHR A^^^ coj[fli(a. IIpaMtpEi: tusdra- 
Jdram = uMfbwii^aH xoAoduue Aynu; tuhinadjuti^uMfbiomaH 
MoposHuU (xojoahhH) 6AecKh; ragantkara (Mz nigdkara)=dnr' 
Aamjudaa Hom; sitadidhUi^UMftiouji^aH fffhAue Ayuu; hiinadjuti= 
UMfbKmO'^ s^J^^iii cetbfM (Mma=d}i}aky aP* — ^OAV» ^Hiia, nr. 
Jdem-s); Tcsapdpati^=^eAacmumeAh hohu^ hohhou mpb; khaca'^ 



CHHBOJHKA Bl GAHOSPHTfi. § 46. 101 

masa=eo3dymHaH uamna (qanifta bi BOSAyxi; A;^=B08Ayz'B); 
chdjdbhrt ^uocHw,aH mn»Mt»x> '(B'bpoiiTHo on Toro, ^to JijHa no- 
KasBBaercH TOJbso bouid, b^b to BpeH^, sorAa see ooKpHTO t^hbd); 
tdrddMpa=^uapb sethsdz; 6sadhipati=uaphi oSAodameAh pac* 
fneniH (dsadhipati SHawTi laKse «4n>fcaj>f»»; 6sadhi=Y0jifl'^0Q 
pacTCHie); gaQdnka^^uMrMou/iaH snam saiiua (Qaga=^B,an'h^ njav. 
sosoj; no noBJirim HHAifliieBi vh jiyH'b BH^H'&eTGii otSpaai saB- 
iia; cootfpadHo ci dTHn Ayna Huten xpyroe HasBauie: mrga- 
dhara «A6psai!iaH, HocAniafl ahhb, sHBOTHoe^^ hmohho c(8aBi(a»); 
darQavipad=^HecHacmHaio sptbms^ npemepniheaiotnaH necHacmie 
omHOcumeAhHO sprbuU (jiyea oJHi^eTBOpAeTca cb t^hi, BOTopoB 
HM'beTB Cjia6oe sptBie, tojibko bi ciucjcb CTpaAaTejiBHomi, Tasi- 
saKi* Bi AeHB HOBOJiyniii en do^th hjib bobgo ho bhaho); niQd" 
maniy hjih niQdratna^^dpat(mi^HHuii HOMcnh hohu (mnh=niQd); 
anusnagu=UMrbiomas xoAoduue (iie zapBie) Aynu; rksandtha 
'=^nodeAUfneAb setbsdt (toko rJcsiQa; rftsa=3Bt3Aa);^ &5awaci(J- 
kara=drbAanjm^aH noHh (cjobo A;sa^a(2(ia=N0vt» caMO no cedi yse 
DpoACTaBMeT'b Bupaxenie cnxBOisqeCKoe, CJfuraacb nsi A;la;}a= 
epcMHy Bi CMHCJt omdNrr^, h Bopa. d[(t=dainf», Tasi-^TO bo^b 
=KOTOpaa Aaeii Bpesia, AOCyn», noKofl h np.); harimdMman== 
odapCHHan oiceAmoeamuMU AyuaMu; niQdpr&r^Qvara^=^cynpy%% 
HOHU (Ayna Bi caecBp. fl3Ui&i MyxecKaro poAa, a HOHh=n%Qd 
seBCKaro; ^rdn^ft;ara acynpyri, My^'B^ octb Tasxe BHpaEOBie 
cHHBOJiHqecKoe 9 o6o3HaqaH (jyBB. ^eAocmumeAh otcuauu^ hh^id- 
niiB BJiacTB BaA'B xbsbbx); prdt^ <iiduxaHie'» OTOXABCTBJaeTCfl 
ci noHATiem oicusHh; tgvara=BA9LorJiT^Jih^ o6;iaAaTej!b) ; amrto- 
sH=Mamh 6e3CMepmiH (rjiii npouseodAmdfi nenmapt; Tasi- 
KBBi amrto = ^eacjuepm^Mte, BBpanaeTi laase Henmaph^ cp. rpeq* 
oifxfiqofrici); khasindhu = 603dyu(»M^ meam , eoadymnaH prtxa 
( OTBOCBTOJiBBO npoBBKaDBiaro BOBAyxi jiyBBaro CB'bra); dagdgva 
=»Kiii)qaa decnmh AoiuadeUf tsAflniaii c:b a^s^tbd lomaABiH 
(oTHocHTCJi Bi MoojiorHqecBoiy npeAaiii); (2a({m= a^^tb, rpeq« 



102 K ■ B Jl H R i. § 46. 

ihobj ILW. decepi; a(t;a= JomajiBy HS'b nepsoBa^ajiBHaro *ahva= 
UT. equO'); trin6traoAdamafiji,=^%oAoenoe yKpataenie (ytfop'By 
XparoiiiHHnB saHOHB) Queu (npeiApi aboBhoV chmbojhbh, tasi* 
Baai H nepsax qacTb OToro cJosBaro Bupaxeaia otfpasoBaHa 
tiHmojoiqecRH: trinitra=^uea=M^fom)Si Tpn rjasa) h np. 

b) HftsOTopHfl cHHBOJTRvecaia BapaseHia f,M (nun: havjavA^ 
hana=^yfU)C^mii oicepmeu (rjar. RopHH: AusxeptBoaan a t;aft 
«B63TH, posHTB — MT. f;ei-o»); TmtdQa^=^nooicupaiovjii^ otcep-- 
9n9M(RopHH: huYLaQ—^xh)\ A;r59}a^afi=ROToparo cmed^ (nyT]>) 
HepnoH (gati ^CTesa, xopora, noxoAsai^ — on RopHa gam= 
udmu); ^cdapUta = otceMh eodu (Taa'B-RaR'B ofohb ocjmaeTi 
BOAy); tusagraJia—aaxeamueaKmi/i'ii tucAyxy, kookmuu (pncai 
uA6^ H np.); d[%t^afte^t« ^Komopato SHam ^tiM^9. 

BHpasoHia air etbmpa: dhvagapraharana=cpa(HcafiomiieH 
cz ^MnaMU (8A%CB noxpasyiiiBaDTca ^JDrepa, BftTpeiiBimu); 
ndbhahprdm=$03djftuHoe duxauie (lose ^gatprdm «AHxaHio 
CBftTax>, cotfcTB. ccAHxaHie ABRrano^aroca, RAyqaros, Taa'B-aaa'B 
^gat «CBirB, Mipxx> npeACTaajiaeTi yiBoeHByD ^opay Ropna 
ga^gd «ratR| xoahtbi>); a%iA;(!nto=4io0iMjic6i^?( SMnAy jiidOrruB 
aiftRMH (b'b CHBejii «j[H)6niaa aania SR^fl; to, qlai data npe- 
HRyBtecTB6HR0 RRTavTcai)); (2%tUic{At;a^a=t«ji«9b9oii^m nuAb 0Jia* 
iOJif« (aoTopoay rhjib cjiyxarb ^^laroai). 

e) Hsi RBorowcJieHHHX'B CRHBOJiRqecRRXi BfipaacoHiB au 
«(f(na Jm6eur^ qaR(e ocTajBRHXi yaoTpetfjianTca cJi'bAyDniifl: jpaii* 
coQara^^UMftiouiiu nnmb cmpttM (tfori jik>(Sbr RaterB rrtb 
CTpin, RBB ROTopHxi RasABR RR'&6T'B 0C0606 HapBaflie); puspa- 
eiAanu3=BoopyxeBRKB AyKOM% U3^ u^enrnKon (puspa^^njAron'b); 
manaai^a—nopoaicdeHHuii ez cepdt^fb (aopRR: man cAyaarBv, 
OTsyAa f»uina5=eepAi{e, Aymft h ^em=poARTB); angaga^^npo-^ 
uctiueduM 1139 mfbAa (poARBRiiBca b*b rijA); ratipati^eAaemw* 
mejub^ mp^ Mo6m (ram jid($htb); t;aMnta&afk2Ae^=djp^a eecnu 

(no RRAJICKRH'B BOSSpiaiRKl (on ndsR BOCROD A^BCTByeTB 



GHUBOJIH&A Bl OAHeSFET!B. § 46. lOS 

nJiBB'be, H^Mi FB ocTajBHHJi Bpeveaa rojta; noaioiy owb na- 
BBBaeTCA H vasantujddka ^cpaoicaiouii&CH eecHaio»; va8anta^= 
BecHd); kuaufnisw^^uMtMou^iU cmprMu U3^ uetbmKoez (h31 ku'- 
suma=nrii70Vih Hi^2«=CTptJia); kan-darpa^HpeasuHaum top- 
duU ((iyKB. cEBKi ropAHB? Baso8 ropAHB)»? ns^ ^7n+c7arjpa^; 
dtmaj6mi=UMfbmmii Mfhcmo npowxaotcdems cant ez cefftb, 
poMdojiet caM^ U3% ceCs (diman ^=^ j^jm^k ^ caMi; ydni==npo- 
HGXOSAeHie); oiUabM=^ffh cepdmb npeSueawniU; ^ardhMru=» 
6omubiucJi cmapocmu (gar=cooi&f^Thc&^ h &M=(So-flTbca); pal' 
lavdstra—<iK(mopato cmpfbjuu (op.;sifl) cocmoAtm ^^3^ moao- 
dux^ ewmeeu^. 

d) npHMtpii ApyrHxi cHHBOJHqecsHX'b rpynai: anjapusta (sy- 
j^m^^^dpyiuMu ecKopMAeunas (laKi-BaK'B viMjsfin cboh aBiia 
Bi ratSAa ^(pjrix'B bthu^); ambttda (ejlvl vdrida^ ntrada)^= 
c6jmko (cotfcTB. eody danmee); gdJchdhhrt (AepoBo) = uoMmee 
enmeu; gvapaca (qejOBtsi hsi npocToaapoAB^ » upoeToaDAHHi, 
npespftHfluB qejiOBt si) scotfax^ eapHVjf,iH («npe3ptHH0D nHqeS 
lUiTaDmiicfl^); agnibdhu {j(uwb)=pyKa oihh (brachium ignis); 
bhuganga {dfAti)=Kpueo xodsmas, Cb npwuMZ mtbAOMt; hM" 
dhara {voph)=3eMAfo nocnu^as; mrgapati (j[eBi)=o^.iadame^« 
(t^pt) aefbpeu; ragantcara ( Bopi )=HOHe5podz (car =» ^jth ) ; 
khaga(nniifi,)=^eo3dyxoM6 udyv^an (kha—^BOB^^jTby^ npoicmex* 
mee H3% oepBodHTH. ska cp. HopACs. sky=o6MKOf anrjiiBc. sky; 
jr4ssHATB); sdi^mukha (umn)^=^UMfbmjniu kohhuku u%au; su'^ 
tanu (xeBi^HBa, Mikh^mii9,)=UMftHmias npacueoe mtbAo (su^^ 
rpe«i. aJ-); ksata^ {^i^OBh)=poatcdeHHaH un panu; sastjin* 
gam (noRopBO| noAo(SocTpacTHO ) — a 8 UAcnaMU (toti, boto- 
PhB noBopraeTCii oepeA'B aiHi-BH^yAB, naAftOT'L Ha-soxbEH, bo- 
TopHfi JiesBTi ((yATO Cb 8 qjeflaHB lijia: ci pyBaai n Horan, 
Cb BoiftHaiH H jiOBTBu); gavdise^ {owo)=^J^a3^ KopoeiUf 0m- 
HOHiii (cp. ^paaii. oeil-de'hoeuf = ^OfiM , (opTO^sa); ghana" 
padavt {wzii,'ii:h)=o6AaHHaH mponuma; caksuhgruti (sMftfl)^ 



104 OIMBOXHRA § 46. 

KomopoHtAasa ytuu (soTopas bhaht'b ymami); dUt,dnta (cmoptb) 
^=:cydtffu Houem; durgdntardtUhi (njitHHHB'b)= toeing eHym- 
peuHOcmu Hprbnocmu (durga «KptnocTfc» SHaqHTt co({ctb. «TpyA- 
HO AocTynHoe»); dvipa {c]iOE%)=dea pasa miomiit (paa-b xo- 
tfoTom, aa-irbn pToui); pdnigraham (cBaAB^a) fxsaxeaHeuie 
pyKuy> (Tasi-Bas'B 8to odpaaoBajio Beo6xoAHH;K> uepenoHiiD. npK 
CBaA66BHX'b o6faj(B>Tb); adhaQcara (mi^'b) = euusy (na-iiojij) 
udyu^iu ( npecHHsaiomiMcH ) ; dbdhidvtpd {^BUB)=ocmpoe^ Mop- 

CKOii (npKHip'b ABOBhoB CBMBOJIHEff, TaBl-EBBl BaSABB H31> ABJX^ 

cocTaBHHXi ^acToB jnoMBHyTaro BspaiSefliB caHa no ce^t rose 
odpasoBBBB oyTOM'b CBMBOJiBqecBBM'B: a&cZMs=«Hop6» BEipasaeTTi 
co($CTB. (ixpaHUAu^^^e eodur>j npoBCXOAfl oti oj'^BOAa^age^a, 
pyH. am,E Bopu. t2M=Ej[acTi», nocTaBBTi>; (2^^J^=cocTpoB^»= 
<KHHiH)ii^il no o6^^n ctopohbhi Bo^y* b31 dvi+ap^ cp. Ben- 
fey y Gloss. 156, b); asiputrt (HOxi)=do«(6 Mena; dtmadarga 
(86pBaj[o) ^%drb Moofcuo eudrbtnt (dirg) caMOW ceSnio; indu* 
kanaka (Mope) omem Aynu (sto Ha3BaHie od'bBCBfleTCB BJiiani- 
emi, BOTopoe OEasHEaeTi jijbb bb npBJiEiBi h otjibbi nopa); 
induJcdntd (bo?b) ^M>6uMan AyHuy>; karagdkM (oajiei][i) = 
&nym6t» jp^fct^; eiman^&^a (naysi) uMtMotu^iil tuepcmt na nynntb 
(otcueomfh); kcdiprija {o6e^h&ud,) ^M)6HVj(fas ccopy^ (sBBOTHoe 
CBapjHBoe); kdkdri (co^fL)^=epatz eopom (kdka^=^BOfon»j cjiobo 
BByEonoApaaaTeJiBBOe); trttjaprakrti (cKonen^) =mpemhH npu- 
poda {vb CBHCJi'b: tBoropiiB TpeibBro, xo-ecn bb uyxecKaro, 
BB xeBCBaro noj[a»); digambara (coBepmeBBO rojHR) aKomopuU 
odum moAbKo topuaoHtm (cTpaay CBixa) UMtbetm odeo/cdoii»; 
dMmamdhiU (TyBBBi) nopoAeea duMa (ma%il£=«Bopo2eBa», 
ynotpetfjBeTCfl bi nepeBOCBon'b cuHCJit, TaBi-Easi obo co6cT6eB- 

BO BBa^BTl <l6yU60AUm; 0T0SA6€TB.ieBie 8TBXI AByii noHBTiB 

otfiBCBJieTCJi BO^eBEim ($£iTOMi ApdBBiiro apiBcsaro njeaeBB); ni- 
mittakrt (w^oe% )=nped$HaMeH06aHis drbAamnas (BCTpibTHTb 

UH BBBHAtTL DpH BHXOAft BOpOBy, nO^BTBIOCB BJIOBftfl^Hl npOA*- 



OIIBOIHBA Bl nSPGHAGKOHl fl 3. § 47. 105 

BHaMeHOBameHi); dMadtpa {vjiWh^^Aanna mthm; parganja^ 
point {z^nM) ^f=^ uMn/Kmi,aH myny (o($jaKo) cynpytoM (TaK'B- 
Kasi opomaeTCJi AOXAeM'b); prhacahsus (paK^)==^lMn>Kn^^iS ^4a- 
sa na cnuHfb; dhdtumala (cBiiReA'B) cop^ (HeqHCTOTa) McmaA' 
jioez H np. 

§ 47. JOJipyroS ASHKi HHAO-eBponeHcsaro njieMOHify bi koto- 
poll CHiBOJBEa AOCTHFja SHa^niejiiiHoB cTeneHH pasBiTTiff, ecTb 
asHBi nepcudcmU. KpoMt ynonHHyTHX'B, b^ cnHCKpHrb, oieMeH- 

TOBly paSBRTlK) CRHBOJIMKH Bl BTOMl iI3HK*b CnOC06cTBOBa.ia 

erne to o(ksToaTeji&CTBo , ^to, BCJitACiBie BBeceaia wb Hero qy* 
zoro apatfcaaro BieHeuTa — pejiHriosHuxi BoasptuiB, h BJiiflHia 
olSqecTBeHHaro dura HHon-ieiieHHUxi saBooBaTejceB , yABoeeo 
CTpe^jeeie bi BHpaxeHini cHUBOJiBqecKHMi. Hapojii ycBOHjiii 
ee6t vb cRopoMii BpeMOBH BToprHyBmiacji b^ ero aBQSi HoopoA* 
Biia eJiOBa, a BHicT'b c% hhhh b MBOxecTBo oTHocaniHxcfl fii HHH^ 
oGopoTOBi, oepoA'bJfiiBajri BX'b finov^^L sa cboB JiaA'B, h cbhbo- 
iHEa ycHJiEJiacB paspflAOHi HooroqHCjreHHUx^B cjiobi, co^ctbohuo 
Be TyaeMBHxiy bo pasBBBniHXCfl na nepcHACSoB noqBi. noaroiy 
nepcHACBaa cwMBOJiHaa npoACTaBJiaeT'b qro-ro QCodoHHoe: bi ot- 
jHqie orb npatfcaoB^ oaa ocHOBHBaeTCa sa Baqajaxi HHAO-eBpo- 
oeBcKHXi, qro nanp. bhabo bsi BecutTHaro ROJiflqecTBa e^oBi, 
OBBaqaioniHXi Be6ecflHfl CBiTHja, oco6eHHO coahw (aio o6eT04« 
TOJibCTBo rJiacBTi eqe o BHT^beHeHBoB ApeBBoB pejiBria napcoai), 
TorAa-Kaai apatfcaaa cBMBOiiHsa BMeoHO Ba diB noaaTia ae 06- 
paaiaeTi ocotieaHaro BBBMaaia; em spoMt Toro b Taaia coqe- 
TBflia cjioBi, EOTopaa npuMo npoTBBoptqaTi cevBTaqecRHMi bos- 
spiaiaMi (op. BBze-apRBeAeflBHe apHMipH), Taa^-nTO b'b otbo- 
meBii ai apaticBoB — nepcBACsaa cBiiBOJBsa saHBiiaeTi caao- 
eToateuaoe nojiozeflie; bi OTjaqie OT'b caflcapaTcaoB — n aefl 
jciaTpHBaeTca BecoMBtBHO BHcmiB aoJOT'b ^aBTasia, qpeaafiqaB- 
HO nodTHqecida h aaaHCJioBaTBa rpynnH cjiobi h ((orarcTBO bb- 
paseflily BOTopoo eAsa-jiH bi qeHX-Hi((yA& ycTynaerb caBCBpHi- 



106 GHH BOJIHSA. § 47. 

esoMj; HO 8a-T0 BejiiuicTBie biUhui apatfcBui sjieHeHTOBs npo- 
flBJii[6TCfl HHorAa BHqypHOCTB B'b cjiorft H vpoBitpHoe yiOTpeti'- 
leflie CHMBOAHKE H MOTaij^opi, BaTpjAHiTDniee ypaayHftnie OT^tn- 
nun opeAJoseHifiy h nojiosHTejiBHO BHXOAAqee hsi npexHasBa- 
^eHHHX'B efi npeA^iiOBi (bto saii'bTHO oco6eBHo rau, rAi a'i^h* 
Hae o6opoTH h ifbanfl ^pasu ynoTpetfjiflDTCfl CHHBOJiHqecKH); aw, 
HeHsdiSBHe, npH TascHi nanpaBJieBiii) HeAOCTaTSH BUKyoaDTM 
OAHaso opHrHHajiBHocTW MHorHX!E BHpaseHiB H no8ra«iecKBMi 
BsrJiBAOtti, npeo((jiaAa]DqH» bi ((ojiimEHCTBt Bcftxi cBiBoiH^e- 
CKBX'b rpjnni; qan^e Bcero noBTopaDTCfl cHMBOXHqecKifl BHpase- 
hIa jiJLB coAum^ Meefte am ai/hu; soxniecTBO BapasoHiB, ot- 
Bocaii(HXCH Bi nepBOHy noHaTin, HByvHTejiBBO , coqexaflie ciob'b 
Hep^AEO nopaxaei'B cBoei) opHraHajiBHOcnD. IIpHBeAeHi h^ckojib- 
EC EpBHtpoBi ua BHAepsKy: bdn^-i-mesrek (coj[H]i[e)=iipfMi- 
uecea (eje ^Jiari, snaMa) eocmona (o6a eioaa apatfcuaro npo- 
hcxosaobIe — KasB BOO($nie nonaAanrca ne ptAi^o jAmrsl (j^pa* 
8H9 TA'b qyxB He BG<i cjioaa nepeHATH hsi apa6csaro asusa; teh'b 
caaoro asQKa oahbro OTiaioro Boaee ae crpaAaoTB ) ; pMisdh-i- 
Un^=UMnepamopi (ufk^h) KumaucKiii (HasHBaeTca Tasse pddi- 
sdh-i'Chutan ^^ uapt mamapcfdu; coiHiie , npHXOAaqee ci Boe- 

TOEa, CO CTOpOHH SETaH E TBTapCBEX'B SpaOB'B, OTOZAOCTBJiaeT- 

ca CB TasioniBEiE itapaHE); hdse'i'fdek=jumpe6^ ueCecHato 
ceoda; dtis-i'-U'dM=oioHb 6e3% duMa (anpasaen lasse hoeh* 
Tia ^euHOj eeupn>ncmeo»); sedef'i'dti^in=aiceMHyiz otmuHuU; 
zewrek'i'Zerin ^ HCAHom soAomaU ('jerer = 80JIOto; cp. caECsp. 
hiraf^a ejie hirana; nepexoA'B caHcap. h Vb e ycEaipEBaeTca 
BaBi vb ApeBHe-tfaaTpiflcBOEiy Tasi e vb ciaBflflCSEX'B asHBaxi; 
ApeBEe-tfasT. paranja, qmb. ^Mao — ESMtaOBieEi r vhl); ^n- 
i^jserin=ctbdAo soAomoe; sHdre'i'kdenderdn—sQtbsda uumeu' 
imeyf(miux% {i^QAmjiVb) Monaxoez (sUdreh=9^i^djk9L; cp. caHcsp* 
tdrdf npoEcmoAoiee esi *8tdrdf AP^BHO-tfasTp. Qldre^ rpev. utrrnq; 
JDtT. skSHa Bonn*B (Glcss. 169, a) otfiaeeaen ekb *ster-na^ 



GKMBOJIHKi Bl DBPOHAGR. Bd. § 47. 107 

HSH^HeHieHi r Bi 2 H ynoAotfieuieii'B emy cji^AyDniaro n); ddire^ 
%'g%rd=duem npyuuU; chdiUn-i-jeghmd—iHceHuifUHa doSuHu^ 
doMa ipaOejica (ntpoiiTHO noToxy, ^to cojiei^e Bce 3axBaTHBa- 
%Tbj B63Ai xocTHraeTi); cesmc^'germ^^ucmoHuum mefuomu 
(cesm=^Ms^); tdg-i-gerdun^Kopoua He6a (nedecHara cbow); 
sultm-i'tckterdn = eAa^rbAe^^ aeihsdz; simab-i-dtisin =pfnymh 
oiHeHuas (simdb=pmymf>^ 9Htimn co6cn. ^cepeffpsnan eodan^ 
Tas^-xaKi OHO Gjaraexca m^h stm^=^cepe6po^ h a&===6oda caHctcp. 
ap); S€Jkel'i'miS'i'dfrtnis=MfbdHuii CAecm meopeHis; ketre-i- 
zerd^=KanjM a/ceAman; gtil'i-dsmdn=po8a HeCecnan; murgh- 
i-roz^^nmuna dun; ndn'i'lserr^n='XAfb6^ soAomou (wereki- 
dftdb=^juiicr% €OJiBiia» HasHBaercfl fiAauuma aioSumoU); jdkut- 
i'Zerd'^ofceAmuu pt/6um^ nxourm (ApartifbBHHB KaaoHb); M- 
adr'tdbeh=^UMnmiJifie mucmy AyneA (xasoe-se BHaqeaie HM'fceT'b 
caHcap. sdhasrdniiu^=i:oxmfi); petst-i'Subh^Huxame ympa 
(o6a cjiOBa apadcaifl); 8ehne'i'C€Mrum-hisdr===HaMrbCmHUKh uem- 
eepnuHo d^M (b% cvhcji^ ^qoTBopTaro He6a») h np. IIpiiBe- 
AOHHBe ^ffich npHHtpu cocTaBJiflfOTi Jifinib He6o;iBm;8) qacTb cbh- 
BoiBiieesHXi co^OTauiK cjiobi, ynoTpe^jifleHHXi ijlh coAuua. 

OHXBOJEH^ecaifl rpyanu, BopaxaiODiiJi noaflTie ^AynuK stmin' 
ndn^=cep€6pAutdti xAtbSz (osHaqaeTX oojiHyio Jiyny); sabgird 
=HOHfiOu cmopootcb, KapayAhuifUKh (sSh Hov«=caHCsp. kisapd^ 
HJiH wb CHUCJit ^noKpueafmfaHii hjb, ocjih Jcsapd vh cbabh ci> 
rjar. BopueH'b Icsdi — <fiyHUHmooicammHy>^ t« e« <KCtf7Mii9»); j)ar- 
d(Mdr'%'fdek==depmaWfi'ii aauaotbCh ue6ecHato eeoda; pejk-i' 
rd}gdn=dapoaou cmopootcb (napayjifln^iB 6eaB03xe3AHo); go-i' 
Um=mapfb cepe6pHHuii; nePl-i-sdm-^canotz eenepniu; Pertts^ 
i-Pedn^^^mei/bcma^ noceAtmuajiM OKOHHameAhuo (soTopaa Hut- 
en nocTOflHHoe SHJiEji^e) h np. fltaoiopHfl hbi TaRHX'b Bnpa- 
xeaiB no HarnHMi noHATiaii'B cosepnieHHO ^sjui BeaKoB noasiir, 
TaKi Hasp. A;a5e-i-|?en^r=<x^0J[Baa lysa^^ cotfcTB. <mamKa{jULSi 
mapcAKa) cupyi>. 



108 OHMBOAHBl. § 47. 

MHoro^HCieBBBB paspjiAi BiipaseHiB, otfosHaqaioiiiHxi ^cewntf 
Mip^y) (noqiH Bcer^a hi neccHMECTHqecKon CMneAt) otfasaHi 
CBOuMi pasBBTieMi naBHHH'B o<$pa30M'b apa(iCSBU'b hoz^ftnkn 
HO AonojeaeTca c% ApyroH cTopoHH h pasHHMH B033piaiflMH na 
CBtTi HHAiBiieB^ H apiScsaro njieMeHn hooCmfi (oth BossptHia 
o6iacHaH)Tca Hanp. peJEBrieB SapaTycipii, Hso^paaaromeB (fopB- 
(5y npHHiiHna Ao6pa c% npp.HijHnoM'L sjia, HHAiBcBHii'B Mipoco3ep^a- 
Hieai, HniDBiHM'B, npeHMymecTBeHBO BCJit^cTBie BJiiaHia (JyAAHs- 
Ma, h3b4ctbhB rpycTHsB xapasTepi, noHHMaBieii'b <ccBtTa»= 
sansdra h up.). IIpnii*pH: esten-i'Pedem=nopotz yummo' 
(HceniH; ptr-i-do- m6j=cmapum cz deoHKUMu eoAocaMU (cBtrb 
noA-iesHTt nepeMftnt BCJitACfBie npaBHJtHaro ^epeAoaaBia jtaeB 
H HO^eB); chdne'i'dfet-rSJS=^OM^y npoAueaiouiiu necHocmie; 
s&rd4-tezwir—doM% oduana; sijdh'cMne-i'wehset=miophMa 
ymaca (ahkocth; Bupaaaeii Toae ^moium^; sijah-chdneh 
«T»pbMa»=^eJjp«ww ^0M^); gehwdre'i'fend=KOAu(JeAb CMipm- 
Hocmu; kekt'i'ghem=Kopa5j^ topn; PegA0'i-chusk'pistdn= 
oicenmum cz cyxou zpydhfoy» (o^HaB^HBHB CBtrb OTOXAecTBuer- 
ea CB aean^HBoB, BOTopaa BHsorAa ne poAHja, c.itAOBaxejBBO 
odMaayja ectecTBeHBHa OTHHA^nisi) a np. IIpHiitpH chmbojih- 
qecEHx^ rpyaat Apyraxi cjios'l: kef-i-sefed (catri)=6nua>i 
ntbua; girtstdn-i-hewd (aokjb) =n^av^ eosdyxa; guUi-hagir 
(oronh)=po3a Kaunn («aBtTOEi EaMBa», noToay mo oroHb 
nocpeACTBOM^ orHHBa HSBJieBaeTca hsii BaaBa); gtit-berg (jin- 
6iiinB.a)=po3oeuii Aucmom; gewher-i-ter (c:iQ'6H)=oicudKiil 
o^ceM^y^^; leb-i-der (saABaxKa, :^aBopKa)=iyfia deepu; murgh^ 
i'tereb (^pmnwn )== nmuua padocmu; mtwa-i'dil (noaaia, 
asHBi qo.iOBtqecBiH)=nv»0(?2i cepdua; niJcdb-i-ntlt (Hoqb)= 
cunee nonpueoAo; Idd-i-serd (bsaoxi rjyfioitiB, B3AHXaBie)= 
enmep6 xoAoduuu; hdd-der-ser (HaxajtCTBO, HaAMeBB0CTB)= 
enmeps e^ toAoetb; Mgh'^lejl-o nehdr (Bon)=cadz hohu 
u dm] hehgdn-i'dideh (cje8H)=dw»ww tAosa; Uch-i-pelm 



OHIBOIHRA Bl HHAO-IBPOn. OTP. g§ 4;7-*48. 109 

(MCo)=;cojpe«b tuepcmu; ptr-i-ckests (lopTi* )=c«y»o^ etna- 
puKS (Tasi-Ras^ HHKoro He BHAaeri, oRjiaji.'bBi hui pa3i>); techte- 
i'Pdg {jieEh)=^npecmoMusbCAOHoeoUKOcfnu (npecTOJii, ocji'bn- 
jifliDniiiB CBoen 6tJiH3HoB, npecToi'b CBi^ra); cddir-i-cJi db (aana- 
Btci y KpoBaTH) ^amameph cuay>; cesm-i-bt-db (HaxajbCTBo)= 
tM3h Ce3^ eodu (aaio Re MOxeTi> BojnoeaTBCfl, njasaTby jir- 
meBi Bcixi qjBCTB'b); cMjA-i-iblts {E^voxii^j uoxAen'h)^=Hep' 
moeo Hiivfi (B^ noAO^HOMi CMHOJift ynoTpetfjiAeTCH iitH, teufels- 
hraten = <«e2>moflo oicapKoe) ; derwdze - i n6s ( pori ) = deeph 
numhs; sebz tdwus {H%6o)=3eJieHhiil nasAum; ris-i gdw (aj- 
paK'B)=(5b^0(?a Kopoeu; zdhdn-d-U-zabdn (nefo)= a3uk6 Sen 
HsuKa; zembAr-i-cher (oca)=nuc.^ oc^a; ser-t-fwe^65 (iiayKi) 
^=^Ae6z Myxu H np. 

El eHMBOJiBqecKBiH^ BHpaseHiflM'b, npeACTaBjAnu^Bx^ yxe 
oco6He o6opoTii, h.ih ujh.ma <{)pa3Bi, npHHaA^esaTi nanpBuip'B: 
l6b cJiurden (noAieprHyTbca RaKasaHiD, 6fiiTB 6(iTy=2bcm& na^- 
n^); mdr cJiurden (repniTb rope, Outb De^aABiiuHi) = i6cmb 
SMtbfo; ndm ber jech zeden (\iou6uTh)=:ydapumh (oHCaTb) 
UMS no Ahdy; bdb-i-ifddeh Jcusddeh herd {om> Haqaii 
yqBTB)=0f«9 omnpuAh deept HacmaoAeniH; pesm der Jaddh 
neddred (y Hero Q'bx'b he noaHaHiH, hh teeTpoTH ^y^a, hh 
co^TOHE\si)=y neto urbtm tuepcmu ez uMnnrb; gdmeh be-denddn 
giriften (ropbuo njiaKaib )=0]pamb nAamte n 3y6u h np. 

§ 48. IIoao((huxi CBMBOJiHqecRiix:b BcipaseHiB h ({^paai hh 
OTBpoeii MBOxenTBo saK'b bi Bsusax'b cjibbjihckhxi , rati h 
Vh npo^HXi, npHHaAJcexaiKRX'b si hhao - eBponeBcsoMy nieMe- 
HB BOo($nie, BcxaTpBBaBCb TOJfbRO nonpHCTaJbHte bi ycrpol- 
CTBO HBorHxi cioasHHX'b CJIOBI. IIocTOflHBoe ynoTpe6jieHie CA'b* 
jiaBBmxcfl Bceotfu^Bii AOCT0flHieH:b cjiobi b otfopoTOBi sacTaBJiaen 
BacB He sani^aTb CEHBOJiH^ecsaro npoHcxosAOBifl aobojibho iBoro- 
VHCJieflBaro paspaAa BBpaseaiV, paBBO sas'b Bb asiaTCEHXi hsh- 
sax<b nopasHTeibBGiH au Baci eHHBOJHqeesifl rpynna, tfyAyvH y 



110 OHMBOIHKA. § 48. 

TjseuiiieB'B BO Bceo^qeH^ ynoTp6($ieHiir, BOBce ne ocTanaBJUBaDrB 
BBMafliji Bx^f leaiAy Ttii kesi CHHBOJiflqecsie otfopoTa oBpo- 
neBcKHX'b iiSHKOBi, 6en coMHl^uiH, hhi noKaxytcA BOCBva CTpan- 
HHHir. TaK'b-Kasi npeACTaBHTB qoapo6hhB pastfop'b TasHxi bs- 
pasefliK ee Hosexi KOfjmh bi njaHi axoro OTA'bJa cpaBHeie^b- 
HoB rpaMHaTBBRy TO orpaHBqycB HtcKoibSHMH jiBm& npBHipau 
H8i 4^paHay3CfiarO| fliiieiiBaro h pyoc&aro bbgikobi. 

a) npntpii Hsi JisHsa j^PAHi^yscKaro: eau-de-vie (B0ABa)= 
eoda (ncusHu (cp. Hraji, acqtiavita; Bi pasHHX'b BOCToqaiui h 
aMepHKaHCBHxi iisuKax^ TO-se caHoe noBnie otioaaavaeTci cjio- 
BaKB (notneuHas eoday>, nwb aaop. wb HajiaBcs. as. «^er dpi^; 
dent de-loup (r.iaABJbflfiiB aytfi <i3y6z eoAHiiiif>); garde* fou (oe- 
pHJiH oKOJio pBOBiy m H Uf.) = <iHmo ydepoictieaeiM^ oxpa* 
HMfm dypaKa»; bonnet-de-laine (riynHB p6BpyT'B)=u^epcmA- 
nas wanna; langue-de-boeuf (rynaKi, poA'b j[onaToqKH)=0O^- 
euu H3UKZ (bi pyccaoMi abukI^ TO-se canoe BBpaxenie eoMBO- 
nqecBH otfosnaqaeTi poAi pacTeHiB-^anchusa ofBcinalis); ours- 
mal'UcM (oeyuDsiB qejOBtsiiy Tf'j6im)=MedeTitdh HeAuaau' 
HuU (njiozo JHsaflHHB); va-et-vient (ciAJto, XBHraioniiBcB hh- 
eTpyieflrB)=e^em;( u npuxodurm; vif-argent (^T^th) =0HMeoe 
cepeCpo (Tasoe-xe SHa^oBie HHteii flftxei^. quech sUher^ lasii- 
sasi queck — coA.epsBTi b:l ee6t SHaqeuie «sbboB, noBopoTn- 
bhB», cp. aBFjr. 2^icA;?=«cKopHfl» h tAjl 6r'2tticX;-en=<xoeBt- 
SHTB, noAspinBTB^; vh ApoBBe-Hi^K. 8zwi% guec, quek—<iEJL^ot^ 
({iiCTpEiB » ) ; mUle-feuiUe ( pacTHpajBHEfii, ryjBBHiia) = « mucme' 
MAcmuuKbyi (cooTBtTCTBeHBoe Bii. CJIOBO aschaf-garbe saa^HTi 
tfysBaJiBBO <<oeeuiu cnom^; flasBaaiA npeAHeioB'B ecTecTBOOBHXi 
Baysi, 0€06eHB0*2Ee pacieniB, bi sasAOHi asss^ npeACiaBJiflon 
tioiBBioe Kou^iecTBO BHpas6HiB. CHMBOjLHqecaHX'B ) ; nappe ieau 
(mHposiB BOAonaAi) ^CKamepmh eodsnan; oeU-de'-boeuf (4k)PT- 
jSA)=tM3h eoAoeu^ (bi coBepmeiHOHiB corjiaciH c<b caflcsp. ga* 
t;^t&aa=:OBflo); petit-mitier (poAi wf^i9)—^He6oAMMe ^- 



GHIBOJIHKA Bl BBPOU. flSHKiXl* § 48* 111 

» 

MecMi^; pamme-de'terre (sapTO$ejifc)=A(!liom seMAnuoe j[Htii. 
erddpfd); porte-voix (roBopHaji Tfj6i)—Hmo nocuim tOAoch; 
rdde-ioyau (moxoB MysHBaHTb, CBBepnoe hmo) = depymU 
BH^peHHOcmu (khbish); aainte-barhe (nopoxoBafl saiiepa sa 
Bopatfjnii Bpi>flTKaHepa)=C9/ima/i 6opoda h np. 

b) npHHipH HS'b H!bii6iiKaro ivsHsa: rosenkranz {^AVSA)= 
posoduU etbHOKt (oTAtiBHEie mapBBH cpaBBHBaDTCii cfb posau); 
windbeutd (BepTonpaxrb)=Mn»uM7/(« ethmpeuuH (Bupoqeii h pyccs. 
^eepmonpax^T» opoACTaBJiBeTi Bopaseaie eaiBoiflqeesoe : «kto 
BepTHTi npaxi, noAHnaen DHJib)i>=s<cEaAtjiaeTi mhofo myiy 
Ha%-3a BBqero); gdhschnabel (HOJiosococfb> ^ojiobI^bi mojioaoB, He- 
ouunml) ^^^oKeAtnuu KAcez; wasserjungfer (cTpeK03a)=9od/iMa/i 
c^ift^uua; graspferd {c9kfmH&)=mpaejMas Aotuadt; haumtoolle 
(xxooqaraa 6yuara ) = wepcmt (» depeeteeh; bat^chdiener (06- 
sopiHBHB, JiaROMHfl, ^peBoyroAHBK'B) — c^^ia Cpioooa; federvieh 
(sBBBoeib) =cicom9 nepHamuU; feU-eisen (veMOAaui, paaeiiTi) 
=^KOQKaHoe oicMnao ( t. e. xejitso, o^htoo Boa^enX 5{im2$cAZeic^ 
(itAffiHi^ai HiAflHsa) =c4n^o npecMUKamjuaMH; birJtJiuhn (to- * 
TepBa)=i^n4eH0K9 CepeaoeuU; feuerhock (nv&m=(nHeHHuii 
no3M%) H op. 

6) Giojib-xe HHoroqHCjeHHHB paapBA'B CHHBOJiBqecKHXi sHpa- 
xesiB BpeACTaBMOTb h cjiaBBTOsie b3hbb; nai HHosecTBa npi- 

BeAOMl SAtCIi JIBOIB HftCBOJIBBO BHpaseHiB Bl pyCCBOH'B ilBHBt: 

dyu^eiy(JMa (poAi fle6oibfliaro qeiaoBBi JOAsa — HaaBanie cbhbo- 
laqecKoe npoHcxoAHTi b&pobtho oti-tofo, ^to bi rasoB lOAat 
teAHTB BHorAa tfuBaen onaCHo); auMopodna (poA'B niBiiy; <cii(o- 
niojxiA jTooK^doemcii dMJMOi{»); mpncotyana (jibt. motacilla cp. 
^paaii. BnojiHft eiy cooTB'bTCTByDQee hranle-queuef yaorpetfjae- 
loe Bi otfnte-paaroBopHon cjiorft); lopuxeoemna (poA'B niBiin: 
sylyia phoenicurus) ; dyuie%pfbiiKa (cjiftAOBajio 6u osba&tb «Tt- 
lorpiBsad); wj^^mo^aa (poAi vopcsoB pasoBBHH); eepmonpam 
(i620Bta!B nycToBy XBacTyHi); KepmonxaUna (poAi TapaHiaea); 



U2 OIIBOJIHSA. § 48. 

otcfidoMop6 ( paBHoeHJibHO noHfliiD fucKpHia^ CHyne^^^»^ vb cietcjA 
«K0T0piiB MopBTi SRHAOBiy npiiBOiiim 0X1 B> OT^aflBiei^) H np. 
II0A06HUXI eiroBi Bi pasEHxi saTeropiflxi noHjiTiB mosho cw* 

TftTB COTHflHH KaSli Wb pyceSOHT , TaSl H Bl OCTaJBHHXl CiaBflH- 

CKHXl AdHsaxt. 

npHBCAeBHEie npBMi^pEi AocTaToqao AOKasuaaiorB 6ojiBmoe pac- 

HpOCTpaHenie npHHI(BDa CHlBOilllKB BI OTAtJIBHHXl OTpaCJIflXl. 

Bi flSHKaxi Cb sasoHqoHHHH'B pasBBTieHi ocTanoBBJiocB, no ecTe- 
CTBeHBUH'B npHqaaaMii, h pasBHTie chmbojihkh, ho bib usHsax'B, 

HaXOABO^HXCA Bl SaKOH'B-TO UepeXOAHOlB COCTOfleiir, CHMBOJrRKa 
Bl OCHOBHQXl CBOHXl CTBXiflXl pa3BHBaeTCA CBO({OAHO, HO HCHH*- 

THBafl Bi CBOD oqopoAB TaSHXl nepoBopoTOBi, saKHn BopftAso 
awfs.% caM'B noABepraeTCA. Hai aioro beaho, vto, ae CMorpa na 
pacnpocTpaHOBie cbubojihrh i:b nsfiis'by oaa Bce-tasH CTOHrB, 
B^ HBB'kcTHoB CTensBHy sasi'TO BH<b erOy rbii ()OJiie, wo 
ona ocHOBEHa CEopie sa npaxoTE hjih cjyqaffEocTH, qtxi sa 
ciporo oopeA^JieHBOH^B sasofli. IIoaTOHy cjiAOBajo ynoiAHyTB 
BeH Bi caHoxi Ba^ajti, bo bxoaa en^e b!b eoapo^hocth aa- 
CTOflQaro cAOBOo6pa30BaHiH hsi npocTuxi BopaeK. 

PascMOTptBi TaKEH'B o6pa30x'B npoABapHTe^BHO BHaqeflie k 
pacnpocTpaEeHie opflHi^EnoB'Bra) BByRonoApazaflifl, b) yABoeflijiy h 

C) CEHBOJIBfiE, UpECTyQBH'B Kl pastfopy UaCTOEQarO CJI0B006pa30- 

BaBia vh EHAO-6BponeBcKol oTpacjE, ocHOBHBaDn^aroca opoHiiy- 
n^ecTBOHBO Ba coqeTaeiH pasBHxi npitiaBoqEHXi BJieiieHTOBi cb 

UarOJIBBIIMH KOpBEMH. 



113 



IV. 0(llpa30BaHie cjobi 131 Kopset. 



A. Bl fl3£IKaX'B HHAO-EBPOnEfiCKHXl, 3a HOKJTH)- 

HEHIEMl OJiaBflHOKHXl. 

§ 49. BecB opraHHBHi. HHAO-eBponeBesHxi ashbobi sasjiiH 
^aeTM Bi OAHoeiosHHii sopHflX'By BOTopHO npH otfpasoBaHiH Ba- 
xoro 6u TO BH <$HJ[0 flSHsa cocTBBJiBDT'B ecTecTBOHHoe ero Ha- 
^ajio; H B% ria bzueax%^ vb BOTopHzi npeotfjiaAaDrb exoBa 
XBorocjiosflBir, ^opiH BecBxa ycJiosfleeHEUi mosbo bobbocth na 
OAHoejiosHHe SBysoBse BOMnjeBcn hih BopHH, OahociozhhS tehi^ 

KOpHCB JIBMOTCJI B!b ZdWSA BHTaBCBOHl| rjaBflOH!b npoACTaBi* 

Teit flSQBOBi OAHOciosHBXi; 6ro losHO BHBecTH H81 cpaBHesLi 

SOpeiBHX'B CJIOB'B Vb flSHBaZl CI ZapaBTOpOMl WGTO-AByCJIOX- 

HBn — vh malcBOMi h b% ceHTHvecKHxii nBBBazi; owh ycn- 
TpiBaeTM BaBOflOi^'B H Bi ToB oipacjiifi EOTopafl vb ^opiaju- 
HOHi OTHomeHiH CTOHTi BHiDe ocTai&Hsx'b. Gji^ah sa pasBHTien 
asHBa, oepexoAiT^aro ^epesi pasBue nepioAH^ BejiB3fl ne saift- 
TiTB, qro Bet cjioshhx $opiQ cociaBJUDTCfl H3X npocrars, s 
paBBOiipio ciozHHfl cjroBa pasiaraDTCX Ba OTf^inmiM npocTHA 

CTHXiH; TaBBM^B nyTOH^B HOSfiO BHBeCTB Clb 60JIBIII0K> BtpOHTHO- 

cfiD 1 nepBOHauiBflyD ^opvy bbao - OBponeBcBBXi BopHoB. Oek 

COCTOUH HJII H8^ OAHftX'b TOJIBBO rjaCHnXli HJH npOBSOBin H81 

eo^eTaniji rjiacBoB ci coriacHoi) , h^h Ba-o6opoTi. He leHfte Bi- 

POOTHHM'B OSaSBBaetCJI H TO nOJOSOHie , ^TO BOpHH 0AH0C40S- 

HBO, Bi B0T0pBX% BCTptqauTCic ffii coriacHmi, HecoutBflo npoA- 
CTaBJiiDrb ys6 BTopocTeaeHHyi) ^l^opiy, pasBHBmyDCA En nop- 
BHiHoB. Bi noiBsy 9Toro MfltHin roBopHTi yse to otfcTOflTeiB- 

CTBOy 4T0, eCTB JISBBH (OCOi^OBflO B'B OTpaCIiIX:B| HO AOCTHmHXIb 

8flauT6iBBaro pa3BiTLi)| BOTopBe BO xoryTi osaHUBaTBCii co- 
iJiaeBBHii HJII BOTopBn OBOHqafliB Ba corjiacBBB orpasH^BBaDT- 
6f BecBia B6((ojiBfliu% uciou 8ByB0B!b. TaBi, flanp., BiTaB- 

8 



114 OJIOBOOBPABCfBAHIB H3t SOPflSfl. § 49. , 

CBiB iSHft'b AonycKaen bi osonaBin'b OAH'b TonKo conaeBHH 
n Hjra % r^^^9 BOJEHBesiMeBie ushch BOBce B6 TepB^i» oroh* 
wfliB Ba corjaeflHH. Tasafl^se lapaKTepHCTB^iecBafl qepra ot- 
n^aen oxaaso e B^soTopne jishsh, bx KOTopuxi npoBBjunDT- 
Cfl yse HfloroqncjeBBHe cji^AH SByBOBoro ynaAsa; nepBOBaqaib- 

EBt TEBl BOSO^BOBiaeTCfli BO — BCJltjlCTBie HBOrOeTOpOBHOTO Blifl- 

bU ueieBTOB^ pasjaranniiixi. Tas'b aanp. bi ApeBH6-6oj[rap* 
CBOHi aasfift sasAoe cjobo hojtxho osaEWBaT^fl mcHOD, bo 
msoe ABJieflie oEasHBaoTCB pesyjiBTaTon Be nepBO^HTsaro tfxa- 
rosBy^U ASHKa , se TepBEn^aro corjiacEHX'B bi bohii'6, a — w^v!^ 
npoBeAeEEHn coBpa^eeiB, coctoebiexib BpeEHyQecTBeEBO bi 6e3* 
ycJioBEon yct^efliE Bas^oB EoneqeoB conacBoB. BejitAOTBie 

BTOrO ^OpMBJIBBaE Il'bjOCTflOCTb E3HB0BI CJiaBEBCBBXX flOCTpaftajia 
BeCBHa BHa^ETeJIBBO; ypOEl, BOTOpsB OBE EOSeCJE B'B BTOHIiOT* 

HomeBiE^ Hosflo jierKO coo^pasBTb npE cjiBqefliE cooTB^bTCTBOB- 
HHXi caBCBpnTCBEX'By rpeqecsBXi E jihtobcbex:b ^opET>. noAO((- 

HO E B'B ETaJlBECBOEX ESBEiy BCi CJIOBB (sa BCKJIIX)96BieVB paS- 
Bi A^CETE) OKaB^EBaDTCE FJiaCEHEE. OaEO&SOXHHO SOpEE C% 

TpeiE corjiacflHHE — tfescEopflo-EOBAfl^Bmaro npoEcxosAOBiE, Tasi" 
Basi E6 TpyAEO EOABecTE Exi EOA'B BBTeropiE npocxMniExi $opii 
HIE BopEeB. 

EaBie ehobeo BBysoBHe boheji6kch coctbbjiejie ocEOBy eeao* 
eBpooeBcBExi sopEeB, ot^i btoe'b bh mosoei BucsasHBaTb oaek 
TOJiLKO EpoAEOAOseBifl ; flOJioxETeJTBHaro EE^ero yTBopsAaTB se 

lOSeil, Aft BpflAl-IE HOSEO E OTHeCTECB CI EOIBHMX AOBftpion 

SI EBBtCTEOMy EBMi cociaBy EJiE cnoco($y o^pasoBaHifl KopaeB 
Vh APyrExi OTpaeuxiiy TaBi-Easi sasAftB ebi sexi opeACTaB- 
Men CBOE oco($eEBOCTB I yAepsEBBE Bi CBoeEi paaBfliiE noi* 

B<iBBiyi) EeBaBECEMOCTB OTl APyrnXl OpiaBESEOB^B, TjiaBEHEl 
npEEIlEEOHl npE 0($pa30BaBiE CJOBl Bl EEAO-6BpOEefiCSOfl OTpa- 

GJiH OEBSHBaeTCE yooTpetfiieEie BopEoB, si botophe'b flpEcooAE- 
HEnTCi odpasoBaTeibflEie ajieEeflTB. SopEE, bbbi TasoBHOi e6 



0JI0B00BPA30BAHI8 181 KOPHsS. § 49. 115 

Biomn vh eocTSBi HacTOfln^aro ASHRa, bi shbjd p'in, a hjx- 
xanTCfl Bcer^a bi pasHHH npatfaBJieHiHX'by onpeji'ftiJiDiitHX'B Toq- 
BO nrb BBa^eaie. B% btohi h coctohti OAHa evb OTJiHWTeiB- 
HHXi ifepTi HHAo-eBponeScKoK oTpacjiH on HHorBxi Apynrx'B 
Taici Banp. otb oahocioxboB mh laiatfcsoB, faA b% coetaBib 
^pasi HiH BcsanqHTeibHo , hjih npeBHyn^ecTBeHBO nofjirh Ba« 
eTonniie sopHH, onpextJifleMHe tojbbo cbohii nojiosoHien Vb 
npeAjtoseniir. Tasi-Baici Bc*b cjoaa bi BHAo-eBponeBcsoB orpaeiH 
npoisonuH En npocTiixi sopBeS, to, o^eaiTAnOy e qacTHi^H i 
odpasoBaTeiiBHue cjprH bh'6jih to-so ocBOBaHie: bo npH bhco- 
BOii ^opiajBHOXi otipR30BaHiE BToff OTpacjiB npoBCXosxesie tfojUi-' 

niHBCTBa BTHX'B ^BCTBI^'b B 05pa30BaTeJ[BflGIX'B CJOFOBl e&pHTO 

on flaci Bi Hpaicb BeasB'bcTHocTB. Oospan^eBiir bxi, BeMHsye* 
106 CJitACTBie BOCTOBHflaro ynoTpe($j!6flU, AOxoahib ao-tofo, V£0 
ocBOBBBe Bx^ BjeMeHTH npoBajiBy HJin flaHi ae opeACTaBJiireiHSfl 
BBsasoB HCxoAHoB TO^KH f,M nojiosBTeiBHUXi BEiBo;iOB'B. Tasi 

ft 

Banp. JinTHBGK. pater (oTeifii) npoHsomjo wi^ xp^BHiBaiaro *pa^ 
Uir-sa^ OTi BopHfl pa- (noTaTB, san^HqaTB): tar cocTaBuen 
o((pa80BaTej[BHQB a^ieHesn, onpeAtJBDiaiB c.iobo Basi eyniecTBE- 
TonBoe, TOFAa-Kasi OKOBqaaie -sa cxysBn a^a BHpasemir rae- 
BHTOJiBBaro naAe»a. JDEaxiiHCKoe pater bi $opvajiBnoHi OTHome- 
fflH coxpaBBiooB Btpflie caflcspHTCsaro piid^ vji^k BpOMft bh- 
syesa Koneqaaro r h vb caioHi Ropa'b npoBsomji) HSHlifleHie 
BCJiixcTBie ocjia($;ieHiB riiacBoB. ^peBiie-tfoirapcBoe BporL ocbo- 
BHBaeTCir Ba nepBotfiiTflOMi %har-tar-8a^ BOTopoe bi ciaBiifl- 
CBon a3HBt noABoprxocB rpeii rjiaBBUMi B3HiHeHiini%: BHny- 
meflii) sa^ ye'bqefliiD r h nepecTaaoBEt BopesBaro ciora ar (cp. 
jiaT. fra-ter^ caBcsp. Hhrd-td). OtfpasoBaTajrBBHe cjiofh tar h 
8a flpoH9omjiH B'B CBOD o^epoAB on Bopaefli bo o enocotft hx% 

npOHCXOZA^Hifl HJIH BaeTOBD^eB HXI CBBSH Cl ESBtCUHMH Bop- 

HJiE Hosflo BBCBa3aTBCB TOJiBico Bi Hp6AnojioseBi4ix'& ; ea GO- 
BflaAion CI yBaBaTensuEi HtcTOEieflieii (caflCBp. saaaton); 

8* 



116 0I0B00BPA80BAHIS H8X BOPBSl. § 49« 

HO HeHSBibcTBO, saRoB BopeHb B*b HeMi 8au»qaeTCH; imi h Bib 
^opiaxi rjiarojia: Hanp. jiaT, sum ( ecus ) no aHaJiorii cpoAHHn 
$opH npoHsonuio hbi xp^BBaro as-mi (hbi btoS ^opiH na- 
^ajuafl H BOfleqaair rjacaaa 6hjii OT6pomeBH b lesxy coriaeaH- 
XH BCTaBJiena riacHafl), paBsuDiiiaroca nepBOBaqaibfloiy as-ma 
(vb xpoBB6-($ojir. lec-UL^^j-ea-mif Bpoit ocjiatfjieBiii rjaeHoI, 
spHCTaBJOflO enio caaqajia tfjiarosByqaoe j); aio ma otiiacBuon 
OLieflxeptb (GompencL 848) bbbi caM0CT0£TejiBflH8 BopoHB ei 
BHa^eHieMi ^Mfbpumt^ dyMamty^^ onjffi DpoHsoouH AUBfltfmix 
BHa^eBia: f^KeAoethKh^ h^. JI,peBfle-($ojrr. A^hmIi npoHaoBiJio bb^ 
^da'da-ma-sif rA*b BacToa^iB KopeHL: da (da-da «ctb ero yxBoe- 
Bie)| ma osHaqaet'L nepaoe m\o, a ^ (aai sa) woxecTBeBBoe 
ncio; rpeq. Kmov (BOJEa) BpoHsomjio bsi %arJcam (ci Bepe* 
CTBBOBBoB vrak-am^ Kop. t;arA;^t;raA; «pacTep3aTB, paaopBaTB^, 
cp. roTCK. vulf'j ApoBBe*6oj[r. batotl^ Jiar. lup-um bsi *t;-2f«|h- 
i0H=f;Ze«2>^m^ H Bp. npH o^pasoBBfliH eiovb BCJiiACTBie npa* 
eiaBBH n BopnaiiB o($pa80BaTejibflux'& cjoroBrE npoHCxoABn cy- 
qeCTBATOJiLBHa, npHJiaraTeJi&BHa n npEHQaaDn^ia si mwb (Sojifte 
Bjm HOBie TftcBo rxarojiBBHa j^opiH: nooTOHy coBiteTBoe o((o- 
spiuie npBflaAiiezaqBX'b ciOAa oCSpasoBarejiBBHX'B aieBeHTOBi aa- 
jiaeTca hoo^xoabibhi yze noTOHy,. hto6r bo npepHaaTB eyme* 
CTBynn^yi) HOSAy behh cbabb cb rjiaroiBHHHH bophbmh. J^tJifte, 
Gi^Aft npHBaAJiesHTi B8M%Heflie no CTenenan npHiaraTeuaHxi, 
nocpoACTBon oROHqafliB , 08Ba^ax)niHxi cpaaHHTejiBByD h npeBoc^ 
zoAByD CTeneBBi i BasoHeui o^pasoaaHie uejiBTe.iBBHX'B , co- 
CTaBUDqHxi no caHocToaTOJiBBOCTH CBO^ro npoHcxoxAeoia oeo- 
6ui paapHA*^ Bi bbsaomi assiKt. Bi atoMy OTAtiy npHMiiBaerB 
ejBfi paspBA^ napi^iB b npeAioroB'B, bb-orojibro ohi AocTyneai 
otfMcaeBii) h BpoasBOACTBy, ajtHqaDqeay m ua c^ cyn^ectBH* 

TCILBEIXB, HIB C% FJiarOJBBHXH ROpHBVH. TbRBM 0($pa30Xl TpO- 

viB OTAtii cpaBBBTOJiBHoi rpaHMftTiiBB — otfpasoBaeie $op»«— 
otiBuaen cuoHeBie h cnpasoaie ci pasBiui BBAOidxiBeBiaxH 



rJAFOJIBHHB BOPHS B!B fl8HB!B. § 60. 117 

pjiaroioBi I otfospftuie licTOHiemS, TaBi-BaBi CEiOHeBie hz'b 
npoHcxoAHTi no oco6hhi npaBBian h npoisBOACTBo hxi on 

HaCTOflJIlBXl BOpaeS nOXJieSHT'b SHa^HTOJIBHHKb BaTpyAHOHUIKl. 

L Co'^eTaHfe rkaroJBHsnrb Kopneft <yh otfpasoBa- 
rexhEjaxB. aseMeHraMn npn ojiOBOoGpasoBaHiH wb absi- 
Bsxs HHAo-6Bpone£cKmcB, sa aoBJOOHesdem ojiansK- 



§ 50. IIpesAa Bcero BOBHHBaen Bonpocii Moryn ih npocTHO 
riarojiBuue BopaH cJiyxHTb h au o<$03Haqeflifl cyniecTfiBTejiBHHn! 
OqeBEAHo, 9T0, pa3($HpaB cooco^h otfpasoBaflia cjobi nocpoA- 
eTBOMi otfpaBOBaTejrbflHxi axeiOHTOBi, aojisho opHHHxaTB bo bhh- 
maie tojbbo Tai&ifl $opiu, BOTopHfl bo npoAcraBJiflDn ota^xb- 
HHXi BBAesely cxiAOBaTexBBo npocTHfl mcMU (hxh ochoou). 
Bb bhao - eBponelcBBxi xssBaxi, sa HCBxioqeBieH'B roTCBaro h 
ApoBBO-^oiirapcBarOy ynoTpedxfleTCfl ae p'bABO rxaroxBBHi BopeiB 
Bi BBA% cyiAocTBHTexBflaro , HflorAB Cb isHftflefliei'B BopeflHoB 
riacBoS. 9to aboti bbhi boboa'b npeAnoiaraiB, «o bi nepBo- 
sauxBHOu BSHBli flamero nxeMOHH khofo rxaroxBsnxi Bopnel 
Mtxo ABB OTopaBxeaiB, BxenHo: BHpasaTB rxaroxB, o6o8flaue- 
106 BBi AMcTBie ci OAuofl, a cyqecTBHTexBBoe, npeAMeTi aM- 
CTByD^il — CB ApyroB cTopoflo. Tasaii ABOXBax ^yflBi^iXi npHcy- 

mU BepB00(pa8HHH'B BOpHBMl, BOBO^flO BO MOFXa yAepSBTBCH 

Aoxro Ha Bceotfmeii ypoBBt wb OTpacxH, BOTopax ci TevoHiei'B 
BpoxoBH CTaxa BHCBBBEiBaTB HeotfHBBOBeHHOo CTpeKX6Hie Bi yco- 
BepmeHCTBOBaaiD cbohxi ^opMi; h tbk'Bi qixi b3HB!b pasBH- 
BaxcB ((oxiOi Tin yAepsHBaxi oai leaie Baa^eaie cyqecTBB- 
TOJiBBaro H rxaroxa wb tomi-zo BopHi. Han^e Bcero tbboo aboB- 
Boe otapaBxeflie rxarojiBaHX'B BopaeB nonaAaoTCX vb caHcspBi- 
eKo»| rpeqecBoxi i xaTiacBOHi xsaaax^B. 



118 



QOBIIAXIHIl Oyn^BOTBHTS^BHHXl 0% OPOGTQIH PJIA- 

rOJLHQMH KOPHAHH. 

% 61« 1) IIpHvipH H31 caecfipHTCKaro flaasa: rue (cBtn, 
dJtecKi) sep. rtic (tfjecTtTB, ciatb, ja?. leu^ — ApeBHe - ((ojir. 
Aoyv-a); mud (pajiocTB, onBinieHie), sop. nmd (paAOBancfl); jug 
(cooAHMDiiiiM; ynoTpedueicfl RaR'B cyntecTBHTe.ibHoe his npua- 
raiejiBHoe bi nonut cjosbbhx'b cjobi); ;t^A (epaxeBie)--HHe- 
HHT. jid (cTOHTi DO $0H6Tnq6GSHM'B aasoHain BH'&CTO *judh'$^ 
TaKi-aasi bi caHCRpHrb ab^ corjiacHHH bi rohi^ ne rep- 
nuTCfl; nar. judh = cfB,x^nca); rd^ (qapB, BjaA'bTejb; b% 
KOHi^t cjioxHHX'b cJOBi; TJiar. ra^ = diocTtTb y ep. mt. rex=^ 
reg + s); pad (hjih Cb noAiieMOM^B sopeHHoB rjiacHoH: pdd^^ 
«Hora»9 wb cjiosHHxi cjionaxi: cattdpad hjih catte^j^efd « ^eTBe- 
poHoriB»| BO ABT. catuhpad'i; tmv. Ropeeb pae2 = <cHATH»); 
dUt; («H€($o»; cp. tbopht. naA* iiv-a^, rjiar. div = 6i^cr^Th 
{ovb Toro-se Ropnii npoHcxoAHTi dina = « aohb i», CTOflo^ee 
BiiftCTO *{{tt; - na) ; - %an ( « y5H BaDiui H , ;(Si ifiia » — bi cjios- 
HHXi ciOBax'B: t;r jra - %an = <K ydi&i^a BpTpH» — BasBauie dora 
Hbapb); gir (arojioc^», bi Bexaxi «noxBajibHaH ntcBb, mnwhn) 
•— Bop. ^ar, ^r=anpH8HBaTb, npHrjiamaTb, npeB08H0CHTbx>; drq 
(nasi) — Rop. clarf =BHA'bTB (RopeHHaa rjacHan BHoaja bi cy- 
H^ecTBHTeJibioxi H HtcTo OH sacTynaoTi r); c^m («Bpari» — riar, 
^i^=«H6HaBHAtTbx>); {o&A (no.iy^ax>Qi9) : (2Aaiia - JodA (anojiy- 
qaDqiB ((oraTCTBOx> — rjiar. Rop. ldbh=v^w. Ao&iS-, HacT. Bp. 

Xa/ifi'dyco) H np« 

2) npHHipH an ApeBH6-6aRTpiBcRaro adaaa: gar («ao€to- 
nonemex) — gard cp. garo nwane =«venerationiB domo» — JEbs- 
sowicjs, Decern Excerpta Sendav., cTp. 211 n 81; Rop. gar= 
«(Shtb THX6jniMXx>| cp. caHCRp. ^tin^=<KTHseiHB»); drugi^iM' 
BBaaie zeBcaaro a^^obb, a^kohi aia, o({HaHai» — bhhht. dru^* 



VlkV. SOPHH Bl BAqXCTBft OyQEGTB. § 5h 119 

em, HO flxoBHT. druJASf Kop. drug=aj[VB,ny^f caHesp. druh «He- 
BaBHA^TBX) — AP« Bii. ^rt^^a{{A=«otfMaHWBH8»^ BtM.. ^m^=»o(0(i-* 
iaHi»); khsnu (<caiyApH3») — Kop.Manee^aHaTB (hbi JEsAln^n 
caiiCBp. ^) H116HIIT. khsnu'S; fsu (ycnibBaHie, BJtui^f^Hie) sop. 
fsu (6htb A'i^TejiBBHirB), cp. vareta^fsu (BOcnpenflTCTBOBanHnB, 
saAepsaHHHff Bi pa6oT%); ap (ccBOAa»; cooTBixcTBeHEHB fiiarou* 
hh8 BopeHB noTopflHi, Tasi-sas^ SHaqeHie HSBftcTiara sopu 
AI'^^itAoeTHqB, npHATH B'b ]^ibj[H» ho cocToarB bi CBflSH c!b no« 
HflTieiii aBOAai^); bid (jioiiaomiS) bi ejiosiHXi cjOBax'b: oQti^ 
bid (ffioMaDHiiB kocth»; agti c(KoeTB» =rpeq. o(fr&-ov); tUs 
(«MyqaBiiBx>y Ropeab coBnaAaeix ci canesp. (i^m) bi hasi'tbis 
(Apyra uy^o^iB). EopeaHaa riacHaa HsorAa noAJOSHn ycHie* 
Bin: ^at;4i? (cc^t^H^i, najiKa»; co(Sctb. afioiOB'B noofltpaiHitiB»y 
' Tasi-Kasi coexonrb hsi gdo^bos m az ocboctji, roHBTB»); n^ 
(AOCTHraiomiB) sop. noQ (nanciscar^ sop. noo^, cp* asa-ndg 
(«qHCTOTy nojyqaH)ntiB)>); na Ta&ia cJOBa noBiiajiOy 6uTh losem, 
OTHOffleBie cymecTBHieiBHaro si riarojiy, yAJiBeaa sopeHHyD pjiac- 
Byi); eemargujs (<xcBpBiBai)n;iBca bi seHJribx); bbbht. naA. mbo^ 
xecTB. qicj. <ici6r6mar^^£fd| cp. £b8soe(^^y Decem Excerpt* 1 669 
16y H 7; ie^em— seufltt h ^i8;=npBTaTBx>, cancsp. guh; Bcra* 
Bo^Hoe *ar- t6hho no npoHcxosAOBii)) h np. 

OopMH H60np6AtJI6HHarO BaBJIOHOHiB, Bl SOTOpHX'B 0Ba8EIBa6T- 

Cii npocToB sopeBB (tojibso bi HSBtCTHOMi naAOsty npeHMynie- 
CTBeBHO AaTOJiBHom HiH BHHHieiiBiioi'b) , Basii Hanp. ig-S (abt. 
naiesi otb ig <cz6JiaTBii>) coBnaAaoTi c% caHCspHTCKHii: ati* 
krcm-e («nepexoAHTB»; aat. naA» on Kopaa Xram=3=«HXTH»i 
ci npoA^ ^i^i ^^Z^A^om (aHaq&TB, a^Ji^tbd) bhhht. nax* on 
rabh; drg6 (aqtodu bha'6tbx>, a^t. oaAes'B on darg^ drg^ cp* 
svardrgi <cqTO($H bhaItb He($o»| ^eH^etl^, Ghrestom. 289) anp* 
3) B% rpeqecaoKi muvA HepiAso nonaAaH>Tca cjoaai rxt 
TexB cyniecTBHTeJLHiixi coBnaAaon cb rjiarojiBHHHH KOpHnSi 
xoM ABorAa an nocitAHio BHmia hbi ynoTpetfjieHia ; lesAY 



120 VIkV. KOPHK h% BIVBOTBQ OTD^SCTB. § 6L 

CJIOBBBBi OTBOCBOVn^^H CDAfty lOSflO npiB66TH CJltATlOmiff: OV-ff 
(OBIEba) BOp. 8U (apaSABTIiA, cAffiB. Ot^^cSBBOTEOe pOZABD* 

]i^66| EiOAOflocBoe »; or& TaKoro-xe BopHB npoHcxoAHTi b AP^Bne- 
tfojir. CBHNHn, CTOBmee BBitero *8U'ifya); (pxo^ {jiJk9Lyi9)=<phay-s^ 
BopJ <pAey- (^Afy-a <KCOXBraD», (pxeyv^os «ropfln(iB»); %fff 
(«pyKa») eoeTOfln BtponTHO bi eBflSR ci» ca&CBp. har ((SparB, 

BaXBBTHBaTB); KO^oe£ (BOpOEl) -« H8X KO^eCK'C^ BOp. ICP^tfX — BpO- 

BezosAefliB SBysonoApasaTejiBHaro , cp. pyceB. napK-amb^ Bop. 
Jbari-y vemcB. hrk-ati, anrji. to croaA;; ^uy- B!b cjoshhx'b 6J0- 
BBXi: J/-^v£ (sanpaseBHHR bi AHmJio napoR), BOTopoe (XSpasiH 
BaxocB BSi *dvi'jug'8 (caHCsp. jug acoeABBBTB, 3anpflraTi>»); 
(pvy^ vb '7(qos-(pv^ (BntymiB npfltiftsBni,a), Bop. ^uy- eaBcsp. 
"bhug; dy%i'hasr^ (BBton^ill aapHB'B eb riaay) — A(^-of= 06010^- 
sa, eBopjynai Bop. A^^- (A^(»=jiynjnD); T^rd^ (apotisiS, nyr- 
j[HBn8»; BaBi ejn^ecTBHTejiBHoe SHaqBTi aaaBAi^), sop. ifrnx' 
(^r«xa^(»=nyraiDCB); cclyZ-AnJ/ («cyTecECTH8, BpyToB»), nar, 

BOp* A/^- (<cOCTaBJ[iITB)i> — Af/^-dD = OCTBBUIDy 11 BO p. g-A/^T-OV; 

e»i(^=<(Boiax>; CBHcn cjiobb 0(J7/-AAf/=<cBpyToB^: «vmo daaw 
K09U doAO/cHu ocmoeAJifnh^) ; ofv^ (;oiOTO), bb« cfu%-^, ep* 
Mar. e-fvaaoo (KonaH), poi)) bb. ^o-^vx-joo] iCKocvBo'^)^^ (oija- 
pansyTHB TepflOBBflsoBx, nteTBHasii), sop. srAnic-y cp. rjiar. ttA^^t* 

« 

(r» (pytfjii), paflJD), BBi ^'7fh3i\^-3(io\ Kvly^ (aajieBbKifi BjpaaeB), sop* 
KviTf" (bi SEB^efliB nffumt neffoAhtauMZf dpoCumbt^^ saBi bb- 
CTByen ebi cb. xv/Wtf— <x(JiftdMma, fi^docmomoKfiocmft^; ep. 
roTCB. dis-hniup-an apasopaarB^, fltB. knapp ccysRiB, rbeEHBi»); 
arec^ (BanJifl)=='(rr^V-fi ^^P* ^Ta(7*> rjar. ard^oo (sanaio, reBj) 
EBi ^trroe^y-joo {(rreiyfM=mJiiffi(iCTh); (a^/x^/-9rA/£ (bab ((oJiBmBBB 
BiaraBB), Kop. wA/y': c^A/Ww (marax)) bb'b VAiy-y^ (^A/y"H^ 
=;marB); ^(v\|/ (xBopocrB , sycn) ^ ^tv^r - c, aop. ^^-, rjiar. 

^^^-07 «B0jl8yy eBJ!OHBDCB»; ^^0(£ (rop6TB)=(If 0^7-^9 Bop. J^fcvy- 

iqdatToi (cxBBTHBai)) BSi ^^^ccy-jof (^fay-feif = ropcTB); oru^ 

(iTBpaTBT61BE0e I BEXOpBABB , pl^BB Bl aAy)'^^^^-^ : crvy-iaf 



riir. BOFHH B!b BiqSOTBQ C7miOTB. § 51. 121 

(^lyBCTByi) OTEpan^eHie) ; ccTfo-trCpoi^ (0Tpi3aHHsB)= -cr^flcy-p: 
fi(pd^(o (ytfiBaDy sasuiiBaD) — hbi *<r<pecy'j(»^ ( 0-^0^7^= ytfiH- 

CTBO); (pcch'Oar^ ((TB JTCBHn BdOpOHl, BHAHVHB), SO p. OTT-, Cp* 

npocToe o^/y poA* 0^-0^ (Bsopi, BsruAi): c\|^/f| aspiflie, ab- 
jeaioA BH. *a9r-Ti-py sasi bhaho hsi o^T/Kcf=3pBTejibHH8 (ep. 
H 0^-flwr-a JAB. npom. Bpei. on 0^0/0) =BHxy); a^o^]^(Keqi) — 
nar. iel^oo (DOAHHian, yaomy); §6i^ (Tpen^HHa, OTBepcTie)=s 
^'fff Kop. ^(vy- (^a7ij=Tpeii^HBi, nponacTB); »rfr^ (bobh- 
TopTHl, flOTopHHR) — oi'T^i^'S {iihv. rql(i'(» «Tpy, CTHpaD)i>); 
JSx£ (mor(2enir)=^(Ia(x-^, rjiar. J(»x-v(v (sycai), rpHsy); ^/| pox. 
9ry/y-of (AaBienie, aomoboB), sop. ^rvr/-, ^/ytv (aabjii), Aymy): 
^^ (poA* (Tt^'os <i(8Htfl, fliii6pHqa»; oi|V-a) ocrfliDX)); 8l-^hjx^ 
(ABoflHoB)= -^A(»K-f, cp. ^Pu»£y poA« 'nh»%-os (AOCfia, Moc- 
boctb), ^A«o-o-o=*7rA«K-j'a> (<cj!ftnJii)y otfpasyDi^ — IM. plioo=^ 
«cuaAHBai)i»); Bqi>\f (vepBB) h31 V^«/3-p, ei DpHAHXAHie» b^ 
HanaiBHoB corjiacHoB (r^//3-a)= Tpy); ^'^|; (RanMi aosjijihbhB 
BtTepi) B3i %/3-fy rjiar, Af/jS-o) (jbd, pasjiHBai)); xAo^, poA. 
hlKos^'os (Bopi), sop. KXnr-i rur. nChht^rtA (BopyD, cBpHBan) 
cp. Tuvo^ixo-xAoAp ( noxBDiiDniiB xeBQiiBi) H op. 

4) n Bi JiaTiHCKon jrsiisib paspAA'B rtxi eyniecTBHTeAb- 

BHXl, BOTOpHXX TOKH npeACTBBJIilDTl WCTHO riarOIBHUO BOp- 

HHy AOBoiBHO Mfloro^flCJieH'B; npBMiipfi: prxn-ct^-s (bhusBi na- 
niBBBsi), coBpaqeHHoe h HsatHeHHoe hbi j7rim-cajp-5 (so- 
Be^floe B osHaqaerb hmohbt. naAesi), Kop. cap^\ noAotfBHM'b 
nyien o^pasoaaHo h on-cejp^ bsi *am5i-caj7<-5 (AByrjiaBsBy co- 
iHHTeiLBnB, BepftmnTeiBHHB ) » cp. poA. an-cij^ia; vw (ro- 

lOCl H3l ?06-S| sop. TOCr (TOC-arO <K8BaTB| npH3IIBaTB»y caHCsp. 

vdOyOT&sop. t;(}c(roBopHTB)=*f;a^ (TaBBMi-se oi^pason h rpeq. 
1a^^ oTT'Off <i(rojiocB» CTonn biActo po^-f=pox-ir); reo? (iiapB| 



^ /EXfiir- Uep- KaiTb KopeHb Birberb codcTBeHBO 3BaiieHie «aazBaTi>iBaTb»; vh 
9Toin cMucrb obo Bcrpto^iaeTCJi oanp* vb qemcK. kUp^eto (paKQBa«.ueiiiHii)c=3 
• mo, nmo aaxeamHeaemvtm 



122 rjAr. kofuk e% ea^ectbs cyqECTB. § 51. 

Kopoit) = reg'8f Kop. reg - (regere = niapcTBOBaTB ) , caHcsp. 
rdg-; supplex (noKapno npocJinQB, yvoMJon^iS) , DpoHcmejuae^ 
aai *8ub'jjlec-Sf Kop. jpZtc- cp. poA. sup-plic-ia (supplicare^== 

«C3IHpflTI»CiI nepOA'by yHOMTB», OOtfCTB. <rnp^UOHflTB KOJitHa»); 

ftto? (cfltri) — H8X *5«iflf-s, cp. ({o.ir. CHtrh, war. nm^o hs-b 
*smg-o; lex (3aK0H'B) = 7e^-« CZe5f-ere=WTaTb, co6^erpaT&); 
ar^ (B03BHineHiey sptnocTL )=arc-s, sop. arc-, nar. arc^eo 
(saiBsai), openflTCTByH), saAepsHBan); ponti-fex (pontufex-^ 
y IImbt. — «»peiji»), poi. ponti-fk-is^ Kop. /ac-; orb Toro- 
se KopH4r o4$pa80BaHH: carnu'fex (Prise.) «naj[aqi», arHfex 
(zyAOxaiTRi), poA* ar;i-/(c-i$y ojpi-fex (peHecJieHHHS'B) h np. 
1^65 (Hora) — H3i ped'Sj uki MCTByen am ^ojijn. ped-is {isKh 
poHL padf caHcsp. jpae{=<cE[ATn»), BCTpftqaeTCH h b'b cjoshscb 
eJiOBaii: qtiadrupes (qerBeponoriS) , poA* gmdrupedis; index 
( HdiiHHHB^i sarjiabie, pocnHCB) , ctoati BMicTO *in''diC''S (poAHt. 
in-c2ic-i^^, sop. die-., caeeKp. dig (nosasaTB, pascsasHBaTB ) , 
rpev. ^Wic-vu-/u/; corni-cen ( HysuEaHT'B, srpaioiiiiB na poKKt), 
HBiiHeHHoe ns'B ^cornu-can^ Kop. can — ( ntiB) , cp. Tanxe tihi-^en 
(ErpoRi Ha ^.lefiTt), CTOimiee bx. *tihii-can (tiUa c($ioBTa»), 
H /Selicen (arpoK'B aa iiupt RJiir Kneap^; /Sdfe$=«CTpyHa»); dLti- 
apex (CBume apaniiB), poA* oUti-spic-is^ sop. spic — ocjatfjOH'B 
E» nepBotfoTHaro spak- (cdaa upHUHKaeTi caHcap. paQ = eu^ 
dnm%j yTpaTHBinoe, no BceB BtpoHTHocTii^ HaqajiBHoe 8\ Tasaa-xe 
coriacHaa osasHaaeTca bi cooTB'bTCTBennoH'B rpeqecs. (nchr-ro^ 
/jioct^^CMompH) ^ rA% sopenB o^fx- opeAcraBJi^rerB nepecraHOBRy 
nepBBqHaro cnreK-; nesopenHoe t ycHaTpaBaoTca hbi Jiar. spec^^t-are 
^eudnmtf tAJidnimty^; cp. con-spic-ere «cc]iOTpiTB| pascMaTpv- 
BaTB)»); speC" oCpasyen h BTopy h) qacTB cjioxnaro haru-spexj poA« 
Aom-spid^s (atcepmeouaffAfodameJtb J tadameob, nepBaa qacTB 
haru' coapamena an *haruga=arvtga ^gapamyt^ Yktc.); du- 
plex (aboBboB), poAf du'pliC'iSf aop. plic-j war. piic-are (cKia- 
Ahbhtb)— H3i Toro-se Ropsfl cocToarB; sim-piex (opocToB)^ rAt 



rjAr. KOPHB B^ BiqBOTBs cymiGTB. § 5L 123 

Mil paBHOiftpHd semd (pasi), cam -flex (vieno CBasMmA)^ 
qm^rujpkx (^eTBepBol) h np.; man-cep-s ( noKynareu , ot- 
KjojitHK'b y noApJU^Hsi) «- cocTOBTi H31 cyniecTBHTejiBflaro ma^ 
nw (pjBa) H rjiar. sopfla cap- (capere — 6fMh ^ BSBMan), 
Tasi-VTO poAHT. man-cip-U ctohtb bh. *manu*cap'i8; cjosbhit 
eioBa ci KOBeiHUMi fer- bjeh -ger He npHHEj^jiesan cnxa, 
T(uii-KaK!L ohb npHHBjH cy4^Hfic^ -a; aeti-fer (H0Ciin(iB hIiab 
Hn Hi^AHHe iiHM6ajH)~Kop. /er- (/er-re =i6Cth); CDAa npHaaA* 
MsaT*^ ApyrU ejosHHfl CJiOBa, kotophx'b BTopaa ^acTB -fer: 
auH'fer (3ojiotohoch£i9) aquUifer (sHaiieHOHoceiti) u np. i^-^es 
(itaHBHl, BeAtiiTejibHuM), sop. sad (8ed'ere=tiiLxinj AP*-6ojir« 
cka«h); pax (MBpi, noRoti)«>j7ac-d, aop. ^oc, cp. rjiar. jpoc- 
arc (ysHpan); pix (cMOJia)— poA. pic-is^ aop. |»c— j)aJfc (kb 
BHuqefiifi apapHTBi xapHTb», cp. eaHexp. |7ac=BapBTB, ApeBae- 
tfoir. nbKAi pik-lu^ BOTopoe vb cbasii ci sopneHi pek- : neiOTH, 
oexx; BepBO<$HTHoe <ia» OKasHBaeTca en^e vh cepficaoiii nanao; 
rpeqecB. TfUracc npoHSoinjio H3% 7rtK:ja) ; trux (rpy6nS| eypoBHl, 

ynopHHflX poA* frt^ i^9 aop* true-, ep. <rt^c*i(2ar6 (yMepn^BianX 
tfuc'ulentus (cyposHH); jpreo; (npocbtfai Hoib($a) — nop. preo-: 
pree-ari (apocan), caacap. praich (cnpamafiaTb) , Apease - 6ojir. 
n^mu; prae-cox (cBopocntJiuM)'aop. coc- : cosuere (Bapan, 
apa^AHTB Bi spiJiocT^); rC'Sex (oTptsafiaaa BBHorpaAHaa jioBai 
KpaBBBoai)), Bop. sec — sec-are (pftsaTb, oxpisBBaTb); obex ( sa^ 
coal, aanopi) — ctohti bm. ^ob-jac-s^ cp, poA. o6-tc-fe a 06- 
jiC'i8 CoJyic-ere=?=({pocaTb, aeTarb) a np. 

HanpoTaBi, cjioaa aaai gen-s^ mors^ pars, a np. upeAcraa-* 
juoDTb Bi aaeaarejibaoMi, ecja OT&BHyib aoHevaoe s^ toajm ua-** 
iHO riarojBHHe aopna, cooTatTOTByvqie caHcap* ^, mar a. 
Bp.| a BX-cyntHOCTH ohb coapan^eHU aai *gmt-Sf ^mort-Sj ^part'S^ 
aoTopsa vb cbod o^epeAB npoasomjiB H3!b *gen'ti'S^ *mor*H'8 
(^"mar-tis^ paBHoaaa'B pyoca. G'M0pmh=f,^.'(ioja'. cvMpi^-Tb=== 
*sam-mar'H'S) a np. 



1 



124 FJIir. BOP.HI Bl KA^BOTBQ CyiKlOTB. § 51. 

6) Bi repxaflCKoS ceibt (a paBHO b% utobcboB h eiaBiH- 
csoB) eyntecTBHTejiEHOii HHrAft He npexcTaBuiDTi naroiUHX^b 
sopHel; pasBiTie izi| no OTiomeaiD cjoBOotipasoBamjiy npBiH-* 
EaeTi jse, no-BffXHHOBfi bo BTopoHj nepioAy^ rxi riaroisHiiK 
BopoHi H npoBcmexniee hbi Hero nocpoACTBOii paBEHn npv- 
CTaBOB'b cymeeiBHTejiBHoe crporo otjhudtcx xpjt'b on xpjva* 
ToTCBifl ciOBa, sasi: vaurms («3Hiu[» — caacsp. krm'i=Hep6h)^ 
vraks (<<Dpe6Ji'bA0BaTejiB»; xp^BHe-tfoir. Bpon, cancBp. Bop« 
varg — ndCivMh) f rndf-s (boibi), sUp-s (dip- coh'e), mH 
{B^mO^juk («Hro» — caHcspiiTCB. wf.jug- ccoexBHtfTb, sa- 
npnaTb)>), ^a^-r (cjiesa) h uoa*, cjtb ho no snoe ebbi coapa- 
meHBHX $opMH 61 TeiaiE Ha -a: vtdf-a^ poabt. vulf-i-Sf nop- 
Boea^. ^va/rh-a-^a mhos. t;f«2/*-ds=:caHCBp. vrk-ds; tbbi h vraks, 
juk H np. HiiioTi BopeHHHHH TovaBH t^raft-a, y^^ft-a d np., ^to 
H noATBepsAaoTCfl CJiaqeHieHi hu ci cooTBftTCTBeHHHHH Bopna- 
XH asHBOBi cpoAHHX'b (bi tagr^ npoHcmeAmex'b hbi tag-ra^ apo- 
xt Toro H r He BopoHHoe, cp. rpev. idK-^v^ aop. Jlca^x-, cancap. 
*claft- Bi cla(; (2aM(-; af-n«sejeda,=*aA;-rt«, npoHsomjio m 
dai-rt«^. To-se caioe aoisho caasaTb a othochto jbho eyo^e- 
eTBHTeibHsix'B HopACBHn, FAft BOHeuoo dy BaB!b sHaBi ueHHTen- 
Haro, nepexoAiTb bi r; h BA^ca cjiona bbbi /isX;-r (pH($a), 
haug-r (<xBOjibiio»y ((jbb* cto, no coriyTo», ep. caacsp. hhug 
cccritfaTB, neperH((aTB», fotcr. hiug-an)^ akdg-r. (iAcb), mt^n-r 
(HHeiB, Ajn; Teaa nmni-, aopoHB man-, caHcap. man=aAy- 
BBTB, npoACTaBJiaTB C6($l»)y vin-r («Apyr'B»— Toaa vini-j Bop. 
i;an-9 cp. caHcap. van = Awffumh ^ vanUd — (HcenutUHa ^ r. e. 
^jinaduMOHi^)^ midctr (nedt; Toxa miMu-) x np. apeACTaBU- 
DT<B cotfcTBeano TexH aa rjEaeaBXy npxcTaajieHHHa ai BacToaqexy 

BOpHV. 

OtfpaBOBarejiBHHe BiexeHTH, BOTopne npvcoeAHHanTcx bi sop- 
xaxi, xpoHSBOAB BCJiftACTBie BToro HBxfiaeHie wh Baa^exix cioaa^ 
xxK vh 6T0 OTDpaajieDia, xaai qacia p%«, pacnaAaDTCx aa ffA 



CyftOHRCB '-a Vb OiHOKPHT^ft. § 51. 126 

i^pynini^ CMOTpji no tomj, coeToarb n obh h» ofjAn toubo 

naCHHXl, HU «H8% rJiaCBUXl BMtert 6!b conacHHHH; nocxtAHM 

rpynna, no cyniecTBy A^'ftf ropasxo iHorowcieHHie nepsol. 

A. OBPiaOBATBJIbnHB 8IEMIBTH, OOOTOan^IE 18% 

rJIAOHHXl. 

L npncTSBKa si sopHD nacHoS a. 

§ 62. 1) Bx caBcspBTi rjnacnafl -a, npncoeAHBADnvuicfl vh 
BopBfliiy otfpasyen HHOzecTBo cjiobi kasi cyn^eeTBHTejcbHiixi, 
WK^b H npuaraTejTBBHxii npaqeu uh BopesB ociaercfl nens- 
rtHeHBfii'B, HiH BopeBHaa riacaaii noABopraoTCfl noAieny: voQ-a 
(zejiaHie, boja, BiacTb), Bop. voq (seJiaTB, xoTtib); Uk-a 
(cBtTi, JDAb), Bop. I6k (eudftmh; CJAfflh. Uk-a HnfteT'b eo6cTB. 
eiHOn <Kifio, Hfno euduMOTf^ »= cofhtm); handh-a (coeAHHeaie, 
eoDsi) — riar. handh (cBflBHsan — ApoBfle-6oJir. ba^oth ); j7a(2-a 
(flora^ MibcTo) — pad (hath); dtp^a (jiaxna), riiar. dtp (6jie- 
CT^Tb); dam -a (yspon^eHie, yciBpeRie) — sop. dam (-dam^^a 
BCTpftqaoTCfl Tasse bi boba'6 cjiosnax^ cjobi: arinrdam-a ano- 
6tAHTejib BparoBi^y otipasoBaHHoe hbi arim-cZama; noAotfao h 
jmra^(2ar-a « HCTpedHrejib ropoAa» — odpaaoBaao hbi |wram h 
BopsH dar); tark-a (pasramJieHie, eoHBikflie), rjiar. tark (o^AyMn- 
Batb, coHHte&TbCJi); gvar^a (uxopaAsa, 6ojit8Hb) *- Eop. ^ar— 
cxBopaTby 6fiiTb vb jiHxopaAoqHoii cocToafliH^. 

IIpHMtpH BopneB Ha Teiy -a, vh BOTopaxi nacHafl noA^H- 
HHJiacb yoHienii): Ukh-a (nncbio), sop. likh (mtv^n); krddh-a 
(sjiocTb, rnte'b) — sop. krudh (cepAHTbca); Idbh-a (nojcyvenie), 
Bop. lahh (<cnoiyiiBTbi»; noAo^Hoe ycHjieflie vb eooTBtTCTBeanoHi 
BopHik yciatpHBaeTCii vi jihtobcb. 2(^&-is«s«Hiynii6CTBOy tforat- 
eTB0»y rjar. 2o&-iu^i=«0BiaAtTb Htn'b-HHtfyAbi HMinx)); cdr-a 
(Bopi) — Bop. cur (BopoBBTb); g6sa (paAOCTb, yAOBOJbCTBie), Bop. 
^ («XD((HTby yaazaTb^; cp. ibthhcb. gi^S" n gtatua ccBBycb^); 
deQ-a (seuH, Bpal), Bop. d^ (yBaaHBan); dtik-a (bbbb, rpixi^)! 



126 cyoAHKCi -a. g 52. 

Bop« dus (arptmHTB^; dus bi cbash ce pyccK. dj/^p- b% dyp^am^ 
dffpMoU); pdh-a (Bapeaie, cospiBaeie), Kop. pac (BapvTB) h3% 
nepBOHaqajbHaro *pak (jiax. coquo^ apobh.-^ojr*. nev-x); pdt-a 
(naAenie), Kop. jpot («naAaTB»)— rpo^. 'ger- bx TrZ-^rr-o? (na- 
ABBo), npoHcme^meMi hbi Vi-tt^-o), ep. h Tter-ofjioct (jeiy — le- 
rtTb); 9n(ir-a (;6HTie, cisepTB) — Kop. mar (yMBpaiB, lepeTB, mt. 
mor-i); migh-a (otfjiaKo), Kop* imh=MT. mingere; mh- npo- 
H80IDJ0 HBi migh'-f Tasx-sasi % bi ^oHeTHqeosoiii ' OTHomeHis 
He npej^CTaBjflerB caiocTOiiTeiBBaro BBysa; mdha (cMyn^eme), sop. 
muh (cHymaTB); 161a (Apoasamiff) — sop. ltd (ApozaiB, x^HraTB- 
cb); Idhh-a (sbxhoctb), nop. lubh^^eMn (ApeBHe-tfojr, aioe-hth, 
=pyccB« AH>6umt; ^emcs. Ubiti s6=HpaBHTBCB); ved-a (saaHie, 
Be^a, CBBoieHHoe iuicaHi6», cp. ^lemes. t;e(2*a— Baysa)»), sop. vid 

CjiiOBa, npoHcmeAnria hbi RopHoR, ci npBCTaBBOD KOfleqnaro a, 
otfpasynT'B BecBiia ^acTO BTopyiD ^acTB cjiosHHrB rpynii!B: nak'^ 
tan-cara (Bopi, HO^tfpoAi): naktam = Eomvi^ ar. noetu h 
car-a» a HjiyiipB» onicop. car (rath); a-^roj^-a («668cthahh9»; 
cp. qemcB. o-trap-a = nevowLi) iisi a=rpeq. o^ (orpHitaTeJiB- 
HaB^acTHaa) h sopH. i(ra|><=<i(CTii;!^HTBCii»; hhajan-kara (cTpam- 
BB8y yzacBHS), 6yBB. «CTpax'B npHqHHAiDn](iB»: hhajam^^W" 
HHT. on hhaja (cTpaxi) h sop. kar (AiJiaTB, bphuhotb). 

HisoTopnB BpBiaraTeiBHHfl na -a vlocjA ^bctbi^'B m- h dur* 
(duS") HMtorB seaqeHie CTpa^aTeJiBHoe (y^iepsHnaA yAapesie Ha eo- 
peHttoM^ cjior'b): m^bhag-a («npeBpacHQff, npiflTHEiB)») — bi cmhc- 
jA «(bene venerandus, bene eolendus» (AoeTonoqHTaeHuB), Bop. 
hhag^cclere; m- cooTB^bTeTByeTi rpeqecB. ev-; su-lhar-a—hene 
ferendus^ sop. Ihar (fer-re), ap^bbb - ($0Jir. Epa-TH; su-ldbh^ 
^facile acdpiendm (aqero JierKO AocToqB hoshod), sop. labh 
™«noiyqHTB» — rpeq. A«/x/3-c^y(»; duQ-cara {no TpyAHo coaep* 
HiHTB, TBepAHB)— (Jm+mt (hath, zoahtb, coBepmHTB); dus'kar-a 
HTO TpyABO CAtJUTBy TpyAHHl) *- Bop. kar (A^aiB); dur-dhars-a 



Cy««. -a IFb GiHGKP. H AP^-BIRTF. flS. § 52. 127 

(soro TpyxHO no($AxHTB)— sopeHB dhars (6un CM^Eaxi, x<)p3- 

H 8TH ffii HaCTHItH BM^CT^^, Wto6u npH^aTB CJTOBf ddJIUOfD BH- 

pagHTeuHOCTB: su'dur^ldbha (qero iosho aocthib ci Bec&ia 
({omDHHi TpyAOHi); su-duQ-cara (o<{6HB tbopahB); sudur-gaj^ 
(«Eoro qpesBdqaSBO TpyAHO no64^AHTB») x np» • 

GjDAa*se npHiaAiesan toxh na AOJroe 4, ROTopex bi la* 
BOK^ cjiyqai seHcsaro poAa: |>{^4 (xysa^ (So a), sop. jp{(Z (apx- 
SKKATB, yrH6TaTB)=rpeqecB. 9r/^^a> bbi *7fiei-j(o; di1<^'d (sep- 
TBa, noBaxHie), xop. diks (soptbobbtb) BTopx^earo otfpasoBa- 
xix; trapd'Toncl'd (HenoTpednax senniXHa,. meretrix) — trapd 
(cTaA'x>) H Bop. rand (ociaBHTB, noBBHyTB), cp. qemcB. trepe- 
renda (pftSByxa); mud-d (pbaogtb), Bop. mud (paAO&aTBCx); 
guh-d (aeqepa) — Eop. guh (cbphbbtb); cintd (pasxHinireHiey 
khcjib) — Bop. hint' (AyxaTB, pasxnmxxTB, ysaxaTB); ddl-d (sa- 
Wfiie)— Bop. dtd (({pocaTBi xeraTB BB6pxiii)~coBna,TaeTB ci M; 
hJdJc8-d (BBDieECTBOBaHie), Bop. bhiJcs ( BinieBeTBOBaTB) npeA- 
CTXBxxen cotfcTBeBxo aP^bhids Tesy sejareJiBHaro BXAa on hha^ 
(colore) K np. 

2) Bi ApeBBo - tfasTpiBcBOKB xsHBft cioBa ci tokod xa -a 
otfpasjion Toze BecBBa xBorowoxexRaS paspxA'B. IIpBxftpH cxob'b 
CB TOXOD fla -a (Sesx BBHiflenix xopoxBoB rxacfloS: dav^a (o($* 
xxk^xbhS, nioxoB) — Bop. dav* (o($xaflBBaTB); -pig -a (bxa^, 
^pxa) — BB cxosHBXi cxoBau: zaranjd-piQ-a (xxAdbuI bhai, 
$opMy BOJOTa, X np.), Bop. pig (yxpamaTB); bereg-a (seiaflie, 
CTpoxiOflie), Bop. bareg (soToparo aea^exie «6j[ecrbTB» bhbo- 
AXTCX X8!B axajroria caBCsp, hhrdg); here^-a (BHCoBil) on Eop- 
BX barex— pacTB (on loro-se Bopnx xpoxcxoAxn x barez-a^ 
a»BiiDnxfla| BHC0Ta)»); mlh-a (roxoA*B), Bop. stid (caxcsp. 
T^$udh=voion'hj K BopexB ksudh=^rejfrATh fojioab); gtar-a (bhx- 
zaii), on Bopx. gtar («npoTXxyTB, pa8($pocBTB»— rpexecx. ^of- 
hw/jts^ MM. ster-no;. «BXKzaxB» CJiiAOB. SBaun codcTBOXxo 



128 G 7 « « H R c I -a. § 52. 

^prostemensT^); mUh-a (4»aibiiiHBHS, HOBipHHS), nop. mUh (otf- 
jiaHHBaTfc). 0(Spa30BaT6JKbHal ajiexeHrb -a bi rpyaoazi eios- 
HHXi: ddto-rdjs-a (ynpaBJiflDn^iS saKOHaiH, npaBo/iHiiiiB ai n do* 
^BnoK%)-'ddta (saaoHi), nar. nop. rd3r=<x6ji6CTtTbyi[pHBOAHTB 
Bi oopaAOBi» — eancsp. rd^, daind-dig-a (y^nejib BasoHa) — 
daina («8aK0Hi» — aop. di) i rjiar. Kop. die (noKaBSBaTB, Ha* 
CTBBJiiiTBy yqiTbtt) — caHcsp. diQf lar. diQ-ere^ rpeq. J/k- Hanp. 
Bi ^iK'fi (opaBo); mathrem ' pereg ' a (<ktoti, Botopnt HsyqEn 
ABecTy)»)— ma<J^ra=«cj[OBO, CBao^eHHoe cjobo» (ascancsp. num- 
tra) H FJiar. aop. pareg (cnpamBBaTB, cnpccHTB), caHcap. prMh^ 
ApeBHe-oepe. parg. . 

npHMtpn Tei'b Ba -a ei ycueHHOi) sopeHHOD riacHon: vdra 
(seiaHie, noAaposi) — xop. t;ara= Ba($paTB, seian; kdm-a (xe- 
jiaaie), sop. Jbm=caHcsp. ham {xo6mh); gUiik-a (((jiicTaTeiB- 
bhB, cBirb)! Kop. Q&c (ropiTB; cp. (^-a=«iicHHl», on Toro* 
se EopHfl); pAdha (flora), sop. pad (<khath»; bi cyqecTBii- 
TOJibHon BOHO^Haii riacHafl Hiterb npHAQxaHie, soToparo vh 
cooTB^TCTBeHHon CBHCBp. pdd'^a Bin); pdr-a (tfeperb, cto- 
poBa), Bop. par {vh SHaqefliH ecnepexoAHTb^); datv-a (aioK 
Ayzi), Bop. dtv (tfjiecTtTb) — i ycHJiHBaeTCii bi a^ (caHCBp. dtva — 
B*b npoTHBODOJOSHOM'b SBaqoHui «($ori», DpHHSKaen Bl BopiB 
^d%vy>)\ graos-a (nociymHOCTb), sop. grus (cjymaTb, npacayioH- 
BaTbCB) ecTb paemHpeHBaa $opiia npocroro gru (eancBp. gru 
=*kru); vaidh-a (nojyqeHie, BjaAftaie), sop. vid (bx kohoihoI 
GonacHol npHcocAHHBeTCB npnAHxaaie, paaso saKi Bb pddh-a); 
ma6z-a (ypaaa, how), bi ciozhbxx ciobbxi: gao-maSa-a (w- 
poBbfl ypHHa), Bop. mi;ar=caHeBp« mih; vtsd^aip-a (sacTaBM- 
DBi^iB Teqb anif poHirion(iK a^i) — vtsa=BH'h h vip (tfpoeaTb, 
DycaaTby poHBTb); jav-a (anoieaoB uoA'bd, BtpoiiTHo vavieBb^), 

BOp. JU («(C06AHBHTb»: «T0| ^TO AOXXHO BflSBTb B!b CB0EH»); 

pa^-a (tjftopxai bhai), Bop. 2Hf=«yBpamaTb» h np. 

8) B% rpeqecBoxi ashbI lexan aa -a cooiBiTCTByvrb bo** 



cyftftHttO'B -a BS rpiq. iia. § 62. ]29 

P6HBH6 ciora ci npHCTaueHHHX'b Ki KOHay — (raici-sasi wb 
Heii nepBOHa«iaj[bHoe a BecBsa wcto saiiiHfleTCfl oc.ia($JieHH£ix'B o); 
hdhro'S (({o-iTJiHBH», roBopjrHBHM), Kop. AaA-, TJiar. hxicK4a> (({oji- 
Tai)); AuK-o-y (bojkt.) h3x *pAux«-f, nepBoiiaqajbe. j^opna *i;arA;(i 
caHCsp. vrk-a^ sop. varft; ©(J'-o-p (Aopora)- ttop, o^- = cancKp. sad^ 

KOTOpoe, B-B CBfl3H CB npeAJIOrOll d, BHaqHTB flCBATir, npHXOIBTb» 

Benfey, Gloss. 324—325 (cp. Ap.-tfoJir. ;iroAHTH^ -BciPi?, Gloss. 
*07, b); ^uy-o'-v (hfo), Kop. ^uy- =«coeAHonTB)>, caecKp. jug 
(^uy-c-y—caHCKp. jug-a-m); xo^-o-^ (laHeax, nMcsa) — rjar. 
%0f-fu-(» (TaHnjD, BMiny); iip-o^-o^s (aancKOTpmH&i HaqajB- 

(oiJiiAaio) — KOp. ^t»y- (*ctb- ^aya) = 4Ki»), cp. <p(»y-o-^= 
odsopa; JoVo-r (MeiHie, npeinojioaeHie) riar. ^ok'€(» (AjHaH), 
nojaraio); i(roi)%-o^s ( (JtAHaB ) — cp. rjrar. Tfrwiroa^nytatoch^ 
mpenei#y (npoacmeAinee hs-b *7sr(»K'j(»)i votr-o-s ((JojiaeB) Kop. 
voo'- caiicKp. 910^ (norB((aTB). 

IIpflMtpfl caoBB CB lenoB -a, bi eotophxb KopeHHaa waceaa 
noABeprjacB ycH.ieBiiD: fjiovo-ff (owhi, OAHHOKiB) rjiar. /u8v-(» (o- 
CTawcB, npe^HBaH)); vofji-o-s (bhkoh'b), Kop. vefx-: vijA-to («pa3A4- 
UD, HasBaqao, oapeAftifl©*; cjijt. vofji'0'ff=<iio, qto onpeA'6- 
ieHO»); r^oTt'O^s (otipas^, cnocodi) Kop. r^sif-: r^ht-oo (o6pa- 
mai)); iid'dohroff (ueBeiBHRi, ababo-ib), war. J/e»-/3aM(» (ajie- 
Bemy, otfMaBHBaH)), cToamiH bm. ^oc-ficcX-jooi iTfi'&wn-og (ene- 
CKOfl^, co(5ctb. « HaiaepareJib, ($JDcTBTejiBx>) sop. cncf9r- (jar. 
spec'\ cp. «;r<-(nc^r-o/t^ai«=pa3CMaTpeBaH); uTfi-crroysros (aano- 
CTOJB», co6cTB. «nocjaHHHB))) BO p. <rrM-: aWcrr^AAa (oTCMai)) 
131 Mfo'trreh'joo i ^l-Cpof-o^ (anpBHOc^miB ABa pa3a», nanp. djio- 
AH — AopeB4), Kop. (pe^'i (pif-(»«s;iecy); Jo^-c-^ (KOsaniiH 
lizi), rjiar. Jif-w (dep-y^ cdupaio). 

npHlltpU SeHCSHXl CymeCTBHTOJBHHX'B CB TOMOI) Ha a (fl) CB 
HeH3liH6HH0D B0p6HH0» FAaCHOB : ilK-fl (upaBO) — Mar. ^elK'VVfAi 

(aoBftaHBAK)) — caaesp. diQ (noBasHBaiB, BacTaBUiB); v/x-if (ao- 

9 



180 OFftftHsoi -a. § 62. 

riar. ec^cc^-oD^dfTfccy-jo^ (rpadJiB, noxHmaD); ioHiBcK. yiv-e^ 
(poAiy njOMH), Rop. ysv'y cancsp. ^am (poAHTb); ^ifx-fi (co- 
nepHHiia), oar. ^fi\o(» (copeBHyD, saBHAyn); ci sthhi rjiaro- 

lOMly BtpOHTHO, BlCBilBII ^t»Aa^a7=B0JIHyi)C^ tfjDiyD; ^M<C7f-lf 

(paspytS'B) — Kop. Ko^-f rxar. kotT'T'Od (py^JiD, Chu). npHii<ftpH 
seHCKHxi Tem ea -a ci ycnieHHoio sopeHHOD rjiacHoS : KX^-n 

(BOpOBCTBO)y BOp, K^eTT^l xXi^*r-(» (spaAJ, BOpjK)); yCHlOHld 

BopeBHoB riaCfloB OBasHBaeTCJi Tasse npH odpasoBaaiH BTopora 
npomexniaro BpeHeHs: Ki'K/<io(P'oc; ocvec-x^-^ (nsjiHBaHie, paaji- 
tie) — rjar, dvcc-xi^co (paBJiBBai)); AopiBca. ^o-ec^^-n (tew- 
Hie, CTpya), rjiar. ^e-n (Tesy^ 6try); (nfof-cp (nieu, nposc- 
xosAOflie), Kop. (TTfe^-: (r^€l^a>=*(nte^'joi) (saeiBaR), npoHSBO- 
sy); iicc-r^o7t-n (Bsyiieflie, oiBpamenie), Rop. rqei^'i iioc- 
r^ht'<» (uoBopaqHBaD I OTRioBflK)) ; o^o-ycv-if (dotoxctbo), Rop* 
ytv-j ct^o-(Jo%-jf (npieii, c($op^), Rop. Jfi%: oi7goii%otJLec$ (npH- 
hbiuud) ; ^icc'(pof'cc (pasjirqeflie , pa8(Sopi), ito^(pi^-oo (6un pas- 
juraBHH'B), Rop. ^«^-=caHCRp. ^AoT; Kxr-ox'^ (yAepsHBaaie, 
BJiaAtnie) — Kop. ^- : xar-f%-«=yA6p»HBai), BJWAftD; ccyo^-d 
(cotfpaHie, h^cto cotfpaaui)— mr. d-yel^-oo (co6Hpai), eaoBiy); 
TtoT'fi (noien), Rop. c^«7- (caaeRp. jpo^^: '^er-oiJiui (jieTan); 
fntov^-n (cBBnteHHoe B03JiiflHie), Rop. mtevS^ (rnivS-oo (coaep* 
maD BOBjiflBie, pasiBBaK)); TfofAis-^ (oocjaHie, OTnycR'b), Rop. 
'Tfei^iT'i Tre/jLTf'oo (nocHJiai), oinpaBiai)) h np. B^ ii'<»i'i^ (an- 
^a, fkffi) oKOH^asie d — ti npicTaajiaeTca r^ yABoeaflOMy Rop- 
HD5 ep. £(^(»=ta'b> ei'&ABK), Jiar. ed-ere^ caflCRp. ad. 

4. npiKibpH ejioB'b ci T6X0B Ha *a (0) bi laTHHCRoiii naz!i: 
riv'O' («ptKa»- iiMeHHT* riv'us) hsi Viv-o, sop. sru^ ep. 
rpei. ^o->f (Te^eaie) hsi *^op-n oti ^i-a)=*^fp-a; vrf-o- (HieH. 
f;6Z-t«iii=Bapyci, saHaBici) — Rop. vd-^, rjiar. t;6l-ar6 (apHTBi 
noRpHBaiB), caHCRp. var; ram-o* (atTBE— iieHHT. ram^usX 
sop. ram-f cp. utobcr. ram-tis = ^nofflofhi^ ^ tmv. rem-ti^ 



07«ftHKGl» -a h% liT. £3. § 62. 181 

mfjaptLTh] vtc-a- (hioh. t?{c-t^»««;(epeBHH») — cp. rpeq. o7x-o-p 
(jion) H3i *p04x-o-r I caHCBp. vef -a , Kop. t;if (bxoahtb); merg-o- 
(HxeHHT. mergus =^ ^hOJ^aBM OTBiia, rarapa)>), Kop. fnerg^^ 
rjar. mergere (norpysarB), eaecKp. fnagg; fug^a (6ivcTw)^ 
Rop. /m^-: fug-ere (tftzarb) , eaHcnp. &%f«^; coqu-a (syxapBa)— * 
eoqu-ere ( CTp^naTB) » caecRp. pac^^pak; ad-ven-a (npHinjieii'By 
HHOCTpaHe^^) , rjar. ad-ven-ire (npHxoxHTB). OcotfeHHO ^acTO 
BCTpt<iaDTCfl TOMH Ha -a m cjOBaxi gjoshhxi: magni-fic-O" 
(BeiHKOJitoHHB)y muniftC'th (Q^eApiiH)) xpeBHU $opMEi: magnu- 
ftc^a-^ fnunu-ftc-o^ Rop. fac- (AtJaiB); veri-dic^o* (roBopa- 
miB npaBAT^ npaBAHBHH), fati'die-o^ (BinijBiy npeACRaBaieiB), 
sop. clic-i dic-ere (roBopHTB, nsjiaraTB); bene-vU'O- (tfjiaropae- 
noioxeHHuffy ao($poxothhB) , Rop. vol- (xotAtb), cancRp. var 
(BB((paTB), AP«BBe-({ojir. BOAHTH=t;d-Ze; frugi-fer-o- (moao- 
hocbbB, naoAOBBTHff), HMeHHT. frugi'fer; fnarti-fer-o* (npBHO- 
Gflmil CMepTB)y armi-fSr-O' (BoopysenHaS, BOHBCTBeHHHB), 
H16BHT. armi'fer^ Rop. fer- (aecTM), reonp, fer-re , caHCRp. 
hhar; luci-fer-O" (HieHHT. luci-fer « cBtTonocBHB , yTpeHSflfl 
BBftSAax^) — Ml nepBOHaq. ^ruhi-hhar-a ; lucrt-fug-a («(5traD- 
nqB npfl(SsjiH» ~ Plant) » Rop. fug- ((!teaTB); sorti-ieg-o-* 
( npopRiiaTejiBflHfl , npeAB'ftQ^aTejiB), "HMeHHT. sorti^eg-us^ Rop. 
leg- (legere==^Go6n^^nj qHTBTB); aqui-leg-o- (aoAonoA'BeHHHlO*" 
Bop. leg* (bi BHaqeniH «co($BpaTBy HasoniflTB^ cp. pyccR. 
Humamh h cancRp. ci); Tumi-dd^a- ( qejioatooytfiBiia ) , Rop. 
coed' (coed ' ere <^ftz^ih^ y($HBaTB») — lapi'dd-a (RaHe" 
HOTeci)| parri'tM-a (oTiiey(5iBija), bh. *patrietd'a^ Rop. 
caed- (uLncad'); Uandi-logu-o (ncimuH)^ KOf. log- (lo^i=s 
roBopHTB), rpeqecB. Ao^x- bi ?^k off (mjn), Aosk-^^o- ((^ojit- 
jbbhB), CAHCRp. lap; in-vid-o- (saBBCTJiBBuB), HHenT. iim- 
dus^ dari'vid-o* (bcbo BBA^iuiiB), sop. vid- (^t^i(2-ere a bi- 
A^tb); astfi'luC'O' (6jiecTAiqiB Ba-noAo6ie bbI^sah), mieHHT. 
astfi'lucuSf Rop« luC' (caflcsp. rue «((jiecrtTB»); de-flu-o^ 

9* 



«y 



182 oyooHicc*B -a. § 63. 

(cT0Bai)milt,CDycRa»mi8ci»), sop. /Zi*- ("/Zneres^Te^), canoKp. 
plUf jp.-6ojir. nnoy-TH; ferri-ter-o- («KaTopaHeKi», co6ctb. 
«TpymiB 3Leji430» Plaut.), Kop. fer- ("ferere-^Ap.-^^oJir- Tp'E-TH, 
pyccB. mep-emb); can-vtv-a (aHBymiB BiicTt, roeTB), Kop. 
viv Ct;it;-o=«»B-x) H31 *^t;it; =Vwit;—caHCBp# ^t^; Zttcn- 
|)e<-a («Bmymifi npB(5HJiH»), Kop. jpef- Cp6fcre= «Tpe6oBaTB 
HCKaTB»); prO'Celha (6ypa, rposa), Kop. ccK- (B4poaTno hbi 
^Jcdj'')^ cp. 2)ro-C6ZZer6 =noBepraTL, yjapaTB otfi aeMJiD; t^ni- 
^en-a («B'b ornt pojiHBniiBcfl»> anHTeii Basxa, Ovid.), Kop. 
gen-t caHCEp* ^» (poahtb), gi-gno^^gi-gen-o; indi-gen-a 
(<icTy3eHeBii»=«B'B Epaio, Bnyrpn poajieenHif*), indi^indu^^ 

npoA^* ii^ H np. 

5. npHMipH Hs-B roTCsaro asHKa: rwn-a- (din, Teieaie), 
HMOBBTw runs (m.), cp. runs hlothis (BpoBoie^eHio) , raar. n»- 
nan (dteatB) , Hta. renn-en; qum-a- (apaxoA'B) y HHen. 2eim-3 
(m.), rjiar. qim-an (npaxoAHiB), aop. qam^—gamy cancKp. 
gam (hate); us-luk-a- (oTBepciie), HMeHOT. ua-luks^ rjiar. 
luk-an (sanepeTB), Eop. lulc\ sUp-a- (coh-b), HiieHHT, sUp-s 
(m.); rjiar, sUp-an (ttop. sUp no nHftHi© DIjieBxepa npHHH- 
Baeii B*B h4h. scUaff^ Ap.-<5ojrapcE. ciUE-i^, a He coctohti 
Bi CBEBB CB caHCEp. svap^ f,^r6oJLv. clm-th); haur-a' (ape- 
(JeHOEfB^^, co(JcTB. «p03EAeHHH8») , BMeoHT. haur (m.), on war. 
hair-an (HecTB, poahtb), Eop. bar; ciOAa-ae npHBa.ijreacBTi a 
ga-baur-a («to, mo co6paHo»=«noAaTB»), H«eHHT. gdbaur 
(n.), b4m. ^e-6«lr; ga-hait-a («i64n, oCtDiaeie), BMenBT. ^a- 
Jlai« (n.), rjiar. hait-an (npHMaraaiB, npHSHBaTB); juk-a- 
(aro-), HMeBHT. juh (n.), aop. iw^-, mt. jung-ere^ caucsp. 
jug (junagmi=coenMa¥}i); af-let-a" (npomoBie), FMenHT. a/*- 
Uts (m.), raar. I^-an (ociaBHTB); veife-a- (AepoBea), bmbit. 
veihs (n.), mt. t;Jc-o-, (vic-us)^ Bop. t;ii;-, rpeq. pc/x-o' 
{ffiwb) ; ws-t;a«rp-a- (oTBepwHie , BHBBAfim'B — hr^<»ixcc)^ HMee. 
M8-f;af^i?a (f.), war. mirp-an (tfpocBTB); vrak-a- (npeciiAO- 



cyftAHBoi -a II HOPjioB. iid. § 52. 138 

Baeie), hmoh. vrdka (f.)i ^;!a^ vriJc-an (npecj'bxoBaTL) , ep. 
ipeBHe-60Jir. BparL, BopACK. varg-r (^CMnfl, auibojii); ^i&-a 
(f. enojaaBie, Aapix>), sop. gab-^ rjiar. ^fift-an (AarB); ga* 
hind-a" (f^^^CBJiSB, CBfl3Ra»=o'uv(}6(r/uc^; Rop. band-j rjiar. 
bind-aHj ga-bind-an (easaTb, eBaasnaiB) np. 

6. Bi flopACROx^ asBR'b t6mh Ba -a cocraBjaiDrB rose Ra* 
Teropiio Becbia MBoroqacjeRHyfo: baug-a- («bojibiio»=s«tO| ^to 
corByTOft), HMeBHT. baug-r^ cpaen^B &ttejr-r (corCieBBHB), tJLtLT. 
hog-na (crR6aTBCJi) , caRCRp. fr^u^, BopACR. bug-a (crH($aTB); 
t;iii-a(BHeH. t;in-r=Apyri), caacRp. van (jiio6btb); verk-a- (Aiio, 
pa6oTa)y HMeB. verft (n.)i cp. rpeq. pify-o-v; t;e5r-a- (Aopora, 
nyTB), BMeHHT. veg-Tj hbox. toc. t;a^-a-r, Rop. vag^xorcK.mg* 
an (ABBraTB)y BopACR. veg-a (RaqaTB, 6btB| B3B'bmHBaTB); mrd-a- 
(cTopoKi, Bapayjii), BMeBBT. vard^-r, Rop. vard-^ r.iar. var&a 
(cTepeqBy coxpaBjiTB), cp. fotcr. d[ae^ra-t;ar(2-^ («npBBpaTBBR'B, 
npHABepBHRiA -janitor)) tulk-a (<Knep6B0A?HRi)i)y bhoh. tuLh-r^ 
ep. ApeBBe-tfojir. tamIi— mo4K9, T/iiKOBdNHie == moj^o^a^ie, 
o&MCHeuie (<iemcR. j2t«mocniX;B= Be peB0A9RRi>); smid'a- (syB*- 
Rei^i), BiOH. dmi(fr, rjar. ^mtef-a (aoBaTb); r^A;-a- (tforaTsff^ 
Mory^ecTBeRBEiH), Rop, nAj- ri^f-, mt. reg-^ caBcap. rd^-; 
rosd^-a- (p'b'iB, roBopx), HieH. roeda^ totck, razd-a; myrhu" 
(T6HBufl)y HMOB. myrTc'T ^ Rop. myrk=mruk, cp. Ap6BHe-($ajir« 
MpMHXTH^ MpUATH, cascRp. inarA;-a (yuRpaBie, yracaBie), aP«- 
((aarp. mdhrk-a (cnepTB); gidrd-a (noRn), bm. ^idrtf (f.), Rop, 
gdrd-; sdk^a- (tiopBtfa, cnopi, Bpa^BBa). bbob. sok (f.)> fiop. 
8c^-^ cp. MHOS. ^BCJi. sak-ar^ cp. AP^BB.-BepiB.-Biu. soca, 
«ac%a, sahhaj cp. Bep.-Biv. sacAe, totcr. sak-an (cnopHTB), 
sak-jd («cBopi, (JopB6a» — Schulze^ Gloss. 292, b); riyxk 
RopeHBHH rjacBtiifl nocjitiBVX'b Aayi'B ciobi (gi6rdj sdk) sa- 
CTEBIBDTB, OABBRO, npeAQOiiaraTB , ^TO Ba HduieeBie rjacBoB 
DOBjtiuo BaxoAflnieecA no BceS Bipofl^BOCTH bi CJtAJDBieM 
Cirort « i » HtH « I »y TaRx ^ ^0 sa o6^a80BatejiBBHB hz^ a^e- 



184 oyo«HBo% -a. § 52. 

M6Hrb BHiCTO -A CBOptO fflJlTKEO npHHHTb %a—ja; Ht'O- (.YHQO, 

nfiirh)^ HHeH. IUt (m.)^ rjiar. 2if-a (BHAtTB, CMOipftTb) h np. 

7. Bl JIHTOBCKOHl USHKt IIHOrO E0p6HHHXl CJOrOBl npHHH- 

usam npi cjioBoofipasoBaHiH osoBUHie -a, npH qen sopeRRaa 
ijiacflafl fle pftxso noABepraercji ycHjeBi»: is^-a- (pftvB, ro* 
joci), HKea. zad'^iSj rjiar. zad-Ui (ttcsasaTb, roBopHTB» — Nes- 
sdmann^ WOrterb. 686; IILieflxepiy Lit. Gramm. 840, npi- 
BOAin AM zad-Ui SBaveHle «o6toiaTbJ»)y idd-is «6jobo» 
HM^n cy$ j^HKci -ja: ^zdd'ja-Sf BacToamiB BopeaB ecTB gad-; 
cp. AP6BHe-6oJir. rap^inHj caacKp. gad (roBopuTB) ; ddrb-a- (pa- 
({OTa)| HiBBHT. ddrb-as (m.)f riar. dirh-ti (patfoTarB), sop. 
darbf cp. aP* b. -b^h. darha (roTCs. tharha) «HeAOCTaTOKi, 
HjsAa», HAM. darh-en (lepoftTB BeAocTaToai), jijzhiik. dyr6e6 
(AOUOflCTBOBaTB) ; hodp-a (AHxaHie) , HieH. kvdpas (m.) , riar. 
jGvep*ti (AHmaTB), Rop. kvap (cp. Hemes. kvap-Ui^roifonnxh" 
M, saAHxaTBCH); dt-^as-a-s (Hneii. nu cnpanHcsai nHCbio*), 
riar. ras-yti (oHcaTB, qepTHTB), nop. ras; bdd-a^ (roj[OA'B)> 
U6H. hddaSf Kop. had, cp. caBCsp. vdd (MfTOTB, BapymaTB, 

MtoaTB)'-*Cl>AB-S6 HOSflO OTBeCTB, C^ tfojBBIOI) BtpOBTBOCTBID, 

ApeBHe-6o2r. E%Aa (hoo^xoahboctb , Bacviie , onacuocTB), BopACB, 
heit-a (noonipiiTB); combhtojibhok) , oabbko, o:TafleTca cBiisb 
ciOBi ynoMBBjTEixi ci caecsp. hhid (pacsojiOTB); pd'Sar-a-s 
(Bopii, nEBia), nar. pa-ser-ti (bophhtb), sop. sat; vdrg-a^ 
(6iAa I HysAa) 9 imob. rdr^-o^ (upoHsnocHTCfl vargSf paBflOBas'b 
ddrb'a8=darb8 Hnp.), nar. t^dr^-^t (((ftACTBOBaTB) , cp. taase 
pgfy-oy (a^jio) I IHTOBCB. virg-as (<Kpa($i», «KOTopHB lep- 
rssLTh BjmjTf>^ Hu aKOTopsB padoTaoTi^; GOAo(!flo HpyccK. pa0« 
Vb CB4I8H CI noBBTien jpo^T-oma)— 'AP^BHe-npyccB. warg-a (bjio- 
xoB, x^tfiV) J warg& mien (h pacsaBBaDCb), Nessdmann, Spraehe 
d. alt Freiiss. 142; 86d'as (caAx), Bop« Md- cp. sed-dti 
(chx^tb) ; m^^-os (cobi), meg-dti (cnaTB), Bop. mi^ (inBg-U= 
d 6IUI)); kdpa' (lorHia) — HieH. kdp'OS (nL.)| nar. kap-dti 



Gy9«HKoi -a. §§ 52 — 53. 185 

(pHTby KonaTB), rpeq. KCTf-ro^^ xp^BHe-tfojir. kohoth; iaiba' 
(lojiHifl), HieH. zaib-aSf sop. zib-^ zib-iti ((SjecTtTi, cutb); 
div-a- (tfon), HN. d^t;as (—dev-as)^ Kop. dtv- cp. ApeBHe- 

tfoir. AHBHTH CA^ CJH^eCTBHT. ftHBIb^ IHTOBCK* dyV'OS {^ffi)\ 

als-a- (enoKoKcTBio , noKol) , hioh. oZsd (f.) , Us-eti (novHBaTL, 
OTAHxaTB); adn-dor-a (eAHoonacie , corjracie), rjiar. der-iti 
(roAffTBCii), sop. dar; sJcoha^ (i^ojiri), HienHT. sM-H (t.), 
rjar. skd-cti (^htb AOJrsHHiii) ^ Kop. shed; pd-sak-a (pascBaai, 
noBicTb),Kop. ^aft; sdk-yti (roBopHTBy csaauBaTB), cp. ap« b.- 
HiH. sa^-^ (rOBopin, paBCKasHBaTB) , HopACS. sag-a (cKasKa, 
pa^esa8^); pa-laig-h (f.) ■" OKOHvaHie , rjar. pa-baig-ti (osan- 
WBaTB)-^Kop.&i^-; npnftpH npHJiaraTejiBHQXi ci leioB na-a: 
g^-a- (sHBoB) — HxeH. g^as, cancsp. ^v (shtb), xpobbo- 
6ojLT. SKH-TH H31 *iiv'tif cp. HacT. Bp. XHB-iK; md-a-s (Aopo- 
roB, ihjihB), jmv. myl-iti (jd^htb), Hemes. mU-ovati^ sop. 
miZ (cp. pyccK. jwtu-ocmb, no-^ie^odom^ , AP*-($0Jir. uhaoboth^ 
«csajiHTBCii BaAii>); (f^-(2ar-a5 (ot&phthB)^ rjiar. aj-(2ar*^i 
(oTBpHTB), Kop. dar H npoH. 

§ 58. Bb npHBeA6Hflnx'B AO-CHXi-aopi cjobbxi cy^^aaci a 
oBasHBaeTca nejp(?tiVMftijii», to octb , obi npHCTaBjaeTCir eenocpeA- 

CTBCBBO Bl rJiarOJIBHHXl BOpHAHl, H3l BOTOpUXl BCJ^ACTBie 

aToro o6pa3jDTca cyqecTfiBTeiBHsa hjih npHJfaraiejiBHHa ; bo octb 
1 Taxiii cjioBai b^ BOTopHXi OBonqaHie a aBueica emapuH^ 
Hwm^ lAsti ,9mopocmeneHHUMfh ^ TaBi-Basi ohh npoHsomjiH ae 
BCJftACTBia npBCTaBBH -a m rJiarojiBAHHi BopaaMi, a BcrtA' 
CTBie npHcoeAHBeflia toro - xe oOpaaoBaTejiBBaro BiexeflTa bi 
cy^ecTByDoiHMi yse cioBaxi, DpeHiyoiecTBeflHo xe bi cyqacTBH- 
vejiBHHMi HJiH BpBiaraTOJBBHn. TaBB-BBBi TBBoB npoiiecci 10- 
xoTi coBapmiTBca BiicTi ci HdHftHeBieiTB BopoBBoB nacfloB, 
BJDi xe coBepmeBBO BesaBBCExo on 8toB nociftAHeB, TonoBai- 
Bo, VTO Bep^AKO BonaAaDTca h laaia cjioaa cb TeHOD Ba -a, 
rAi BecBia TpyAflO onpeAiiHTB — npBBaAiexHTvn Taaoe obok- 



136 Gyft«BKOi -a. § 63. 

^aaie k^ nepBHqBHii HJifr BTopHqnnMi; wb cjiaBUHCKuxi ash- 
Baxi| saR'B HBse HajfoseHO^ ptmeHie 9Toro Bonpoca npH hho* 
rnxi cJiOBaxi vpesBiiqalno saTpyAHSTejibao Bin coBctn'b hobos- 
sosHo; YLWh rpeqecRoni ji3hk1^ BCTpt^ax)TCH cjiona/ vx^ cyij^- 
4)HSCT> -a EoxetfjieTca lesAJ nepBEqeuHH h BTopiiqHHuii, xoth 
Koneqeo SHaqeaie ero o(SycjiOBjieHO oahod tojii>ko RaTeropieS , rasx- 

SaKl HH OAHfl^ Cyj^^HBCl B^ OAHOM^ H TOMl-XO CJIOBt HO VO- 

3ReT'b npejiciaBJiflTb nepBH^Haro h BTopaqHaro OKOii^ianiii ; vh cao- 

CKpHTCBOMli flSHKi HO TpjAHO OTJUqaTl nopBH^HOe OBOH^aHie -G 

on BTopn^aaro. 

npnM'bpH H3i caecKpHTCBaro flsssa: mdun-a (MOJ^asie) on 
mun-i (<xoTmej!BHna'B» — «ROTopH8 ynytfifleTCfl bi pasiruiiiJie- 
Hiei)), Bop. «nan =« Ay Mart »; mae(n-a ci^aob. ^mmnn aco- 
CTOjrHie, bi BOToponi BaxoABTCfl fnfin-i»; sopeHBaa rjiacHaii ti 
(ocjia($ji6HBaH Hsi nepBOBaqajiBHaro a^ noABepnacb yeH.TeH]i> 
vrddhi; pdur-a (rpaaAaHHHi) , on pur^ pur-i (ropoAi), bo- 
peBB par (eanoJiHflTt) , cp, rpei, ttoA-/-^; nAga/r-a (BOCnHTan- 
bhB b'b ropoAl^y cnoco6nHR), on nagara (ropoA'B); ddiva (cyAB- 
tfa, BofiecBHH), on div-a (tfon, i^apB), Kop. div (((jiecTiTB); 
dduJiitr-a (bbjbx, chbi AO^epii) on duhitar (nonh) ^ Bop. (2iiA 
(aohtb); tdigas-a ((JjiHCTaTejiBBHB»-^cyniecTBHT.)i .on M^as 
(61661119 cjaBa, CHj[a)« Bop. tig (6mh ocTpHm); trdigart-a 
(sHTOJib Epaa trigarta)^ on trigarta (i noAJieasan noA'BeMy 
yrddhi); cdur-a (aopi), ot'b T0SA6CTReHHaro no saaqeHiio cor-a, 
Bop. cur (BpaoTb), i^cir. cor (sopi), coriben (aopoBCTBo; cp. 
Puchmayer Bom. cib. 38); gdurav-a (BasBOCTB, aoctobhctbo), 
on opHJiaraTejibHaro guru (TflsejunS^ BaxiiHH), sop. gar-: SA'bcb 
064 rjiacHHH noABopreyTH ycHjeniH), a HMeHHO oepBoe u boa'b- 
OHy vrddhi y a BTopoe tynrbf Taai-Basi gdurav-a cToan Bui- 
eTO *gdur6'a (6 pasjiaraoTCfl nepoAi* rjacBOD aa cboh nepBo- 
dHTHHB qacTH; ecJH-6ci 06% rjiacHna bi guru noABeprucb 
yrddlii, to vi cyntecTBiTejbHOHi oBasajiHCb 6h ABa jifijLvvrhd: 



oy««HKGi -a. § 53. 137 

^gdwrdv-a); kdurava (hotohoei Kypy) — on kuru; Mt^la 
(c^acTie, cnoco^HOcn)^ on kugal-a (c^acTiflBsH, cnoco^nuB); 
kditav-a (« o6MB'b », cotfcTR. «t;iftjio Brposa, KaqecTBO HrpoKa»), 
orb JcUava (urpoKi); tdl-a (pOA'b irydURaJibHaro HBCTpyMeeTa, 
pysonjecKaHie) oti toZ-a (aho, ocHOBaHie, jraAOHb) — Beei^^eif 
(Gloss. 132) cpaBHHBaeT^ jar. tel-lM h ter-ra (sexjrfl); md- 
nova (qeJiOB'bsi, HyasqHna), co6ctr. aBOTOMOKiMaey, coaian- 
hhI Many »--* orb fitdnti (»hh npaoTiia JimeH), sop. man (jiy- 
laTb^ MHCJriiTb— mfint«=«BEicjiflQee cyQecTBo»); mdnas-a (jny- 
meBHHS, Ayxi')9 oT'b mana5» jaT. mens h np. 

2. Ilprii'bpu BTopsqHaro OKoaqaBifl -a B'b AP^BHe-tfaRTpiHcBoai'b 
asHKt: dainhav^a (icpaB, npHHa^JiesaniiH Ri ospy^^y), oti (2a^- 
hu (ospyri), csp. (2(^;V« (cp. Jt^s^i, Handb. d. Zendspr. 145); 
veresoaiih'a (x^flTejibHHS), orb oymeciBHT. — vereejanh {xVk^i- 
Bie), sop. varea (pa($oTaTb, a'^^^'t^); i^t<dA<^o^-a (MyxpocTb), 
on hudhAofih' (lyApiiH), hhgh. huddo^ bbbbt. JiudMonh-em ; 
haomanafA-a (((jiaroHaM'&peHie , xopomee pflCDOvioxesie), on 
humananh (AO<$paa iHCJbj, cancsp. ^umanas; darcgho-gav-a 
(AOjn*opyBiR)y daregha—o^ECKf. dtrgha (ajhbbhB, AOirriB), h 
gdo («pyKa» — Toibso bi npavtBeflin bisjhki Ayxav'B)) bhbbt: 
HBoaK. gav'6; tord-i^r-a (npoAOJiKanoiiHcA tfojibme ro;xa): <ard= 
repeal, Ba^i, CBHme, isi jdre (roA'b), cp. AP^-nii. jdr^ h 
qemcB. jaro (aecfla); njdp-a (^Bmd% no Teqenii) p%bbx> — npHJia- 
raT.), on BpeAJ. m=HU3^J h cyni. ap—eoda (hmob. (i/'-s^; 
makhk-kehrp-a (BMtomiB bba^, tIjo iiyxB), on mdkhsi (ko- 
Hap*b, iiyia)=CKp. maksikd^ h A;e%rp (Tijio, hbco), cp. ut. 
corp-«s (apMBBCK. fterp^; vairj-a (saHajii), on vairi (osepo), 
Kop. var (noRpuBaTb) h np. 

3. npikit^Ei B3:b rpeqectcaro BSHica: u-Kcds^ ((^esfipeveBHsR, 

HejHtCTBHB) on KCCt^ci' (Bpeifl)i KOTOpOe BipoaTBO B'b CBirSH CT> 

Mlfa> (tHCTpetfjiflD, CTpflry»: «Kceifoi'»=»«HCTpel$ifli)n(e6»); avrl-o 
(HpoTHBonojioxfiHii paanrasl), on npexJ* wri (flaopoTEB'b, 



133 cy«9HKoi» -a. § 58. 

npoTHBi), jiaT. tmte (eaHcsp. anta—zoE^Vb); ec-Kkpcch-o- (((es- 
rojioBHB, 6en Havajia), on Ke(pec?Ji (vojiou)\ cancsp. kapdl-a 
(qepeni), aoiiBcB. iceliochcc; yxm-'h (ratsAO Eopmyaa) on yugr- 

(KOpmyH^b), H1I6H. yu\|/y pox. yuTS^OS^y Blif'CC (OXOTa, SBtpHBU 

jiOBJn), orb Bn^ (sBtpb), pox. diy^-oV, cp« lar. fera (xHsii 
SBtpi)) BOiiBcR. (fhf^ (cDxa-se othochtcji xpoBHe-((oir. s^m^L); 
iUlxfiv-o' («Ha xBa licfliia* -npnarar.), on /jafv {u/beun%)f pox* 
fAfiv-off^ MT. mensis (xp.-tfojir. MscAi|b); tf-vu/Lc^-p- (HecovetaB- 
miScfl tfpasoMi) oti yvfi(Pff (dOHq. ku/x^os =H6BtcTay HOBo6paq- 
Haii), rjiar. yvfjt(peioi)i ^soc^/jisr^^ (nonepeqensi, xiaieipi), on 
fjLir^ov (iftpa), sop. /jix^^ma^ cancBp. md (itpHn); iUyo^iA'Cr 
(XBoexeHei^i), orb yes^/uor (tfpasi, caaxBt^a, HeaftcTa); h^vf^r 
(sassejiHHlf , BocnajiQBflHS), u^v^'o- ((xtfeai ornii^), on Ttvf 
(oroHB), pox* ^-0^9 xp*-Hti. viur^ cp. Hfti. t^dr, yitfp. jht, 
HopxcK. fyr; ^f«*/-« (yrpo) , on sap. *f<»#(paHO, no-yrpy) h np, 
4. Bi TasoM'b-se bbx^ ycMaTpHBaexefl BTopiqaoe osoHqanie a 

H Bl JiaTHHCBOH'B flSHKt, XOTA HflOFXa pftmOHie BOnpOCa OTH06E- 

TeiBHo HaoToaf^aro xapasrepa aroro cy(|»4»HKea osasBBaoTM aa* 

TpyXHHTOJIBHHVi; HeCOHHtHHO BTOpHlQHn OBOHqaHion ITBJIiieTCa 

4$ B^ crtxyDQHX'B c.iOBax'B: a&-aon-o- (Heconaceiily hocootbIt- 
eTBopHHB), on sanus (dayBi), Bop. 5on-=eaHCBp. svan (sae- 
v/kn); honor 0' (noqreEniiB, 8acjiysiBai>ii(iB qecn), hnoh. Ao- 
noruSf on honor (bih Aonos ^=q6CTB, no^Teeie); db-surd'O- 
(« He($j[aro8ByqHHB , HecBJiaxHHB» — npHiftauocB co((cTBeHeo b'b 
XypHOHy rojiocy nyxaro), ot'b surdus (rjiyxoB); deeor-o- (opH- 
nqasB, npejiecTHHB)^ on decor (npHjaqie), Bop. dec- cp« de- 
eet; angui-com-o* (caifbDmiB 8HiB bh^cto boxocx» — Ovid.), 
coma (BoiocH)=rpeqecB. Ko/xti (xofjiclod «ropsycB, oToycBan bo- 
jiocH]»); canor-O' (rapxoHHqecBiB , cjiaxBoaayqEHB), on canor 
(nieie, SBysi), rur. can-ere; ardne-o- (sayTHHa), HieaHT. ara^ 



> OnjAa BMio vemcK. honasUi sc (zBacxanc«| rop^^nK«)« 



oyftftHBo. -i, -u. § 64. 189 

neumf Wb aranea (oajEi); super-O' (eepxHiB), on npexji. h 
Hap. super (uaAii Ha-Bepxy) h np« 

Bi ctBepHHxi ceiBaxi HHAO-eBponeScsaro nxeHeHV, hi tot- 

CSOly XHTOBCKOB H CJiaBflHCSOI TpjAHO JKaBETB HE HOXOSHTeXB- 

Hse npHHtpH eJOBi ci BTopHqHHn OBOB^aflieH'B -a; hsi tot* 
euro asHsa ioxho npHBeoTH cjiobo fidur-ddg-a^ (qeTEipexxHOB- 
hhI), HMoniT. fiduT'ddgs (cpaBH. Bopp^ YergL Gramm. III. 
866; SeMekher^ Gompend. 384), npoHcxoxfliiiee on dag -a 
(aohb), HieH. dags; ycHJieBie BopenfloB rxacnol bi cxozhohi 
cjorb CBHA^TejiBCTByen o ron, ^to -a osasHBaeTCfl vh drowb 
cjiyqaft oBOHqaHiem BTopHqeHii (cp. BHme npHBeA6HHHe npHift- 
pH En caHCBpHTCBaro isiiBa, vf,i bi ciobbxi ci BTopHqanii 
cy4i$iBcoxi -a iiBJiiieTcii wcto ycuenie — TiddM — BopeHHoI 
r jacHol )• 

2« npiCTaBBa Bl BOpHD rxacHHXi • HU u. 

§ 64*. OsoHqaBifl Ha rjiacHHfl i h u bi cpaBHeaiH ci rxac- 
HOD a BCTplqaDTCfl ropasAO pftse: -u ume nlMn -$, oeo6efiHO 
B% HBHBi jiHTOBCBOBi; Hep^ABO Tasifl OBOHqauifl otfaapyzHBann 
THHi CMtmaHHHB, npoHMyniecTBeHuo xe bi xaTHHCsoMi ASUBt, 
FAft Bi oBOHqaHii) u emfi DpBcoeAHHaeTcn npetfaBOWoe i. IIpH 

CaiOCTOilTeJIBBOMIb nOXOSOHiH Cy^^EBCOBl Ha 9TH rxaCHHH HOJIBBH 

DpeAHOjaran, qTo6a i n u DpeACTaBjuxH ocJiatfjeHie nepBona- 
wjBBaro a: eejiH se bi HftBOTopim usHBaxi mn cpaBHeHia Ht- 
BOTopan CJiOB^i OBaHqHBaoii^Hxcii Ha -i H -t« (TaBi nanp. h8% 
JIT0B6B. npiiaraTexbHHxi na -u)^ otiHapysHBaeTCii , ^to tb- 

bIb TiaCHHH OBaSBBaDTCB HBHtHeHHHMH EVb nepBotSHTHBro a, TO 

n npiHifHnl tbboo ocia^jieHie qHCTol rjiacuol eme ho aobbsu- 
Baerby ^to bi ApoBHHX'b jisbbbxi (riwh aoHte vh DpaBSHsaxi) 
ynoipetfjBxoob En riaoHHXi oabo tojiebo OBoaqaHie na -a; cxoa- 

HHB ^OpMH I AP^BHHXl JI8HB0BI, CBHA^TeibCTByDn^ijI otf'b OTHpaB- 

xeniH Bctai Tpoxi BopeHHsxi rxacHHX'b (a, i, u) bbbi cy$- 
$HB60Bi| jyqme Bcero onposepravn soao^boo upeAnoAoseHie. 



140 oy»oHRoi -t. § 64. 

1 . npnM'bpH cy^j^BscoBi i e u^i caRCBpert: pac-i («oroHB», 
co(jCtb. <KBapjfmiH»), Koif. pac (mpmh), a^.'6oav. nem-TH; tvis-i 
((>.iecRi, cinHie), sop. ft;i^ (hi BeAasqeeKOi^ amvA «c]ATBy 6ie- 
crbTB»y EOTopoe oBassBaeTCH hpohbboxheih'b BHaveHieH'B on nep- 
BOHE^aJiBHaro ccBSRoiHOBaTbCH* osHBJiJTTB» , cp. BdUL (6 Roth^ 
Sanskr. Wrtb. III. 470 — 471); aA-{ (siitB), sopeHB an& Ubb- 
ratBCif), cp. rpeq. e%-'-^> poj. f^-'-^^ (BXH^Da, Biia); flfir-< 
(ropa)i Kop. gar- (^6un TirsejiEm») — EopeoHoe a noABepr- 
jiocB ocJiatfjeniH) bx t, paBHO Kas'B oho ocjiatfjieHo m u i^ ojio- 
B'b gur-u (Tflsejiu8); (tic-t (qHcraH)^ sop. gui ((jiecrbTL); 
c2^fan-i (sBjEi, otHie)^ sop. dhvan (sBOHftTB, pasAaBaTBCJi), co- 
CTOBTi B^ GBiiSH CB sopH. svufi; buhi (nHQa, xepTsa), Eop. 
bal (DHTaTB),' B'bpoflTHo B'B CBfl3E CI (Aar (hocth, HOABecTB) cp. 
Boppf Gloss. 26 3, b; as-i^ (iieqiB«($jecTBiiiiB)»), Eop« as (bi 

BHaqeHlU <ic($JI6CTiTB»), TBEOfi-Xe EOpOHB c^ TiMi-xe SHaqeHieH'B 

ycMarpHBaeTCfl B'B AP^Bee-tfojir. nc-hN!L| CTOBn^exi bh. *as-ina; 

Jcrm-i (<cqepBB»=<i(ABirraiDBtiBca»X n3iUarmi=^rami on BopB. 
A;ra97» (<icxoABTB^ ABHraTBCii»); tbebivso odpasoHi BHnajio BopeH- 
Boe a Bi Jcrhi (opaHie, naxaHie), Eop. kars; mun'i (otbi^jib- 
BHE^, acEOT^), BOp. man (<c;[yxaTBx> — mun-ii^s^KTO norpyxaOT- 
ca BX pasMHmjreBie)!)) — sopeHBaji rjacaafl ocJia^HjiacB bi m BCJiiX- 
CTBie BiiBBifl corjracHoB m {t^.Benfey^ Gloss. 241)~TaBoe so 
oejiatfjreflie ycMarpHBaeTCA wh BopH. mud (paAOBaTBCfl), otfpaso- 
BaBmeHCB h»i mad^ h mHila (sopeBB), npoHcmeAniei'B vLVh ''mah^ 
Ua; ga^gmi (<cToponflfliilcii», ebei cymecTBiTejiBHoe -^ ccBftrepx^) 
DpeACTaBJiaen yABoesHfiiS EopoHB b ctoht^ bm^^cto ^ga-gamH^ 
Bop. ^om (bate); TBBajr xe yjiBOOBBEB $op»aoBa3£iBa6TCfl h b% 
BOAaBvecB. sd-sahn (nepeBoeBoiiH), Eop. sah (nepeHocHTB). 

[HpUMmanie. Bobbx— -Vergl. Gramm. HI. 880, § 922— ot- 
Aaen DpcHiyniecTBo o6%BCfleBio oBOflqaniB -i nocpeACTBom o* 



^ Eonm ( Vergl. Gramm. IIL 382 ) npRBmaen aa RopeHb as n sHaqeBia «djpo- 
camhn : «qTO padMaxmaeTCd*. 



€y««HKO. 'if 'U h% OABOKP. A9. § 54. 141 

€Jia6jieFitf h»'e nepsonaqajiBuaro -a; cjosa, sasi sdc-i (ApyK($a), 
Kop. 5ac=5afc (catAOBaTB — jhtobck, shkti, sek'U)^ lip-i- (hhcl- 
10, DHcanie), sop. Up (QRoaTb) nnp., oCiACHAJiHCb 6Uf CJiiAO- 
BaT6Jii»H0, Ba ocBOBafliH 8Toro TOJKOBaflifly H8i nepBO^HTsaro 
*sah-a'f *Up-a- n np. IIo SBa^eeii) cjtOB'b ci cy<|^4)HficaMR a h i, 
OABaso, OBassBaeTCfl, ^to cjosa ex OBOBqaBieMi i b^ BeAaaqecK. 
ASHKt BHpaxajDTi npeHiiyB^ecTBeHBO OTBJieqeflBHfl noHflTin, npeA- 
CTaBJflH h^ nnowb cjyqa'b cyqecTBHTejibHaA se&CKaro po;i.a, qe- 
TO OTBOCHTeJiBHO cy^^RBca -a BesaifbTBO. PaBJinqie Mesjiy okoh- 
uaiflXH ami npoBeAOHO h bi ociajibflnxi cpoAHUx'b^ ceHBAX'B, 
H B<ftTi OGBOBaaifl npeAnojiararb , ^to obo bb cymecTBOBajio h% 
Hamen npaBsiiKt; floaqe Bas^oe OROuqaBie ci mcBOD i, h aa- 

Se EOpflH Cb KOpeHBHX'B t| AOJIXBO ($CI B03fi6CTM BB BCpBOtfuT- 

Hoe aj. 

HpflHtpH CJIOB^ CI oKOQqaRieni u: vas-u (dorarcTBO, Hiiy- 

vafi^no), Rop. ras; hhiJcs-u (BBfli.i9)=<cKTo sejaer'L BOjyqaTb 

qT0-BH5yAB, BTO sejiaeTi 4cTb») oti 5MA;I (BBnieBCTBOBaTb) — 

XpeBH. ^opiiH xejraTejiiBaro flaKJioBeHia on Kopn. hhag (colere, 

aecipere)| cp. h IhaJcs (tCTb), oti Toro-ace sopaii; handh^u 

(poACTBeBBHsi), sop. handh (cBBSHBan); BOAotfaun odpaBoui 

npoHSomJio aiu. ver-wand-te HS'b ver-hand — pneao ebki qemcs. 

pfi'luZ-ny (pOACTBeBHHg, pOACTBeHBHKl) HBl *pri'vuz-n^^ FA* 
t;i^^r=:Ap.-(IOJ[r. BA;-9 Cp. U^-OTH H ^^HKA (pOAeXBeBBHSl — 

OcTpox. H3A. BocTou. 179, 26); madh-u (xba'Bi poAi XH^Jb* 
Baro HanBTsa), sop. mad (tfHTb nbaaHxi, paiOBaTbCii), cp. xar. 
madidus (BbflBBiia-- Plant.) — B!b aopoBBoH soBeqaoB corjracBoS 
XBJixeTCX npHABixaBiei bi asa^ioriH ci ApoBHd-tfaRTpiBcBHXH cjro- 
BaxH| sas'b-To: pddh-a (aora), ovh sopa. pad^ vdedha (nojiy- 
^Bflie, Bm^,^ev^^)f sop. vid; ddr-u (Aepeao, Apoaa), aop. dar 
(pacxajiQBaTbCH); bhar-u (xosuhbi, BiaAtjieiCb), Kop. hhar (ae- 
era, noxyqxTb); mar-u (ByciHBX^ KpaB, MmeBBHB boah), Rop. 
mar (yxepen). IIpBxftpu npHuraiexuHn: tan-u (^TOBKifix), 



142 0744HB0. 4, -u. % 54. 

Xp.-6ojiT., TkHb-Ki), sop. torn (tuhjtb, pacTflriBan); avdd-u 
(cjiaABiS), Kop. svad (npo(SoBATB, OTBiAHBan); jprt%-4« (mHpo- 
siH), rpei. ^Aoer-J-, sop. jpra^A (paenpocTpaHflTbca); oco(SeHHO 
iiacTO BCTpt^avTCH TasiH npuiaraienHHii, aas'B $opxa, otfpaso- 
BaHHHA En seiareiBHoxi riarojoBi (eepixso yABoeHHHH): ^• 
tiJcs-u («Tepn<ftjiHBHB» — npoHczoxm HenocpexcTBeHHO oti tUika 
aHifbTB TepntHieii), sop. tig (bi nepBOHavaibHon BHa^eHiE «tfaTB 
0CTpHHi»); ^gts-u (asejiann^ifl notf^AHTB, cipeMiiii^iBcx bi no- 
(M^Ai»)» Bop. gi (ao6toAftTB); t^i^^-ti (naiitpeHHtil a^te), sop. 
dd H np. 

2. npHiipB H8i xpeBHe-((aKTpiBeBaro ASHsa: i>t'du6-i(nojiMRUf 
xapenie), sop. dus (Aau, noxaTB)'paciiiHpeHHafl ^opiia npocToro 
du=dd{KBkn); varez^i (cJ[yze5HnBy cjiysaqiB), sop. varee (aU- 
CTBOBaTb, pa^oTaTb, nepcHAca. verziden); zair-i (BOJiOToro i^B'bTa, 
sOjIthB), Bop. zar (tfHTb xoathhi), cp. caBCsp. hari (sejie- 
bhB, sejiTHfi); kars-i (spyri), Bop. hard (Tan^HTb, BOio^b), 
eancBp. Tears; gairA (ropa), ctohti bxActo ^gar-i (cp. Haiip« 
. pojiHT. gardiSj hxoh, mhos. garajdX Bop. gar {6uTh raxejiHii); 
ddh-i- (TBopenie, KxeH. ddhi-s)^ Bop. ddh (cp. Bopp^ Yergh 
Gramm. lEL. 380); urup-i (poAi* co($aBH), on sops, rup^ bo- 
TopoHy Vkn (Handb. d. Zendspr. 65, b 257) npHxaarb bhb* 
^enie «rpa($HTb, HanaAaTb» (u — BByai npBCTaBHoB, paaao bbbi 
b'b u-ruth «niaBaTb»=n((2); cjioaa n OBOHqaaien -ti: paQ*u 
(«CBOTi, siiBOTHoei>=<KnpHBa3aflHoe»)y Bop. pag (BasaTb, npi- 
BA3HBaTb); merez-u (Hoar'b), Bop. marez (leperb, AOTpors- 
BBTbca qero-flH6yAb cieraa); gudh'^ (omm^eEief BHHoiOTBa xii* 
tfa)y Kop. (fid^caHCBp. Qudh (qncTHTbca), ifud-dha {ncmi); 
pouru (noiHsBy KHoroqHCieHHBB ), Bop. j^or (HanoiHHTb), eaa- 
cap. pur-u wh ^par-u^ AP«-<$ojr. nnWL (Bopoqem BCTpiqaer- 
ca H CJIOBO par-u anojiHHB, (SoJibmoB)*, on Toro-xe Bopaa ^ar 
«HanojiHaTb»| cp. paravd ma^dJca=nEovie jidah; paravo gnao^ 
dh6vafra=^coideTiiBmaoTum myiom caso Yendid. IL 22, cp. 



07»«HK0i -• Bi rpsv. fl8. § 54. 143 

Kcsswncz^ Dee. Exc 266, 149—160); jpere^A-ii (nripoKiB) 
Kop. fralh (pacnpocTpaHHTB), hbi jpra^A, tmtzi^. pr(h'u;Wc-u 
(eyxol), sop. hie (cymHTb); dtare-vcm-u (co($ctb. hmh <xjui< 
ornn no($taAax)mil»), sop. va/n (((htb, no6ft»AftTb); drigh-u 
( ($tAHBB ) on spH. "drighj HitDniaro no BceB BtpoflTHOCTi aaa- 

WHie «tfHTB (StAHHIl, HHmeHCTBOBaTB» H np. 

3. Bi rpevecsoHi jisHKi paapflA'B cjiobi ci TexaiH na -i 
ui -« He HHorowcJieHi; hsx npHXEiuDniHX'B cDxa irpHxftpoBi 
MOSHO npiBecTH cJiftAyDoiid : ^oA-i- («ropoA'b» HiieHHT. ^oAz-r, 
poAHT. 'TfohB'ooc)^ Bop. j^ar (HanojiHflTB), cancsp. jpur, UHjpu- 
ra (ropoA'B)y bh^cto *jpara (a ociatfjeno bi ii Biijcdeii^b cjift- 
AjD^aro aa ani r, cp. guru^ kuru hsi ^gar-u^ *kar'm); 
cF-i- («OBAa» HH6H. ciV=oXr), Bop. av-^ caHCsp. av^-^ mt. 
oV'i^ 9 AP*~((oir. OB-b- ( c'B oBOHvaHieH'B yHeHiniHTeji&Him 0Bk-i|/i) 
Kop. av ^^^ odfbeamhf cp. jthtobcb. av-iU (b otfyrb), BeonpoA* 
av'itij aii'ta- (beyqa), h ap-si aH-ti (o6-y-TbCfl)y TOTi-se ca- 
ihB BopeHB OBaasBaeTCB bi ApoBH.-($oir. oy-^ cp. OB^oy-TH 
(o((-y-*TB)9 OE-oy-niib (canon); o<p-<- (aMta hb6hht. o^-/-^, 
poA* o^fc^) — Bonni (Gloss. 81 , b) ctfiBxaerB ci caHcsp. aA-{-, 
Bo 8T0 nocji^AHoe CBopte coctohti b% CBB8H ci rpeq. 9'X'i'S^ 
BOTopoe BoDBi Tose npBBOAHn, cp. h Yergl. Gramm. lEL 332; 

BBaBBBBB CBJI8B BCZAy 8TBBH CJIOBaHH BtpOBTflB, BO HO tfOBCBOp- 

Ba; Tigo(P'i' (npBiaraT. «TyqHHB, tojicthB»), Bop.r^^^- (r^i^-oya 
BHTaD, BopBiD); ctyv^-f (co($paHi6), ayel^oa (cotfHpaD) Tfo%-i- 

(cyfliaCTBBT. C($ftryHl, BtCTBHSlB) BKOH. r^OX-rfff poABT. r^o- 

%i©f, o« Tf^x-op ( (ftry, cniray ); xov-i- (xoW dbjib), cp. x«y-c- 
(nycTofl), Ko^'i' (HM6H. xo^-i^=sKJioai), Bop. xff-i ; <r/yi- (ape A- 
HuB, rpa6BTejiB), r^ar. frh-ojAobi (ooxBniaD, rpatfjD); crrqoCp^t* 
(poABT. o'r^o^-i-opaH8BopoTJiHBHfl, xflTpuB qejOBtsi), rjiar. 
crqi(fh(» (Bopqy, otfopaqHBai)). OorxacHyD d—i^ npHCoeABHBi)- 

mjDCB BepiABO Bl CIOBaBl CI TOBOD BB -i- , BoBQl npHHH- 

laen aa «HeopraflBqecByD npBtfaBBjB, mo noATBopxAftOTCB co- 



144 7««HKc. 'if -tt« § 64« 

OTBtTCTBOHHOD DpHCTaBKoB TaKoS-xo coriacHoB npH TeBiaxi Ha 
a (Yergl. Grarnm. IIL 369); TasHMi otfpasoi^ k'b cjioBaxi ci 
TeHcB na -i npHBaAJiesaT'& oanp.^ h cjitAyi>niix cjioBa: KoTf-i^ 
{KOTf'i'Cj poA* MTt'l^-'Off vHosiy spHBaa ca($jifl»)y sop. xp^- 
(KOT^'t'oo ccpy^jiD, paBX)), cp. pyces. Konte^ AP^BHe-doir. Konuie; 
fjiocy-h (f. HMeHHT. fxccylff, poAHT. /Le<«y-/J-o^aB«KBamHJi, rt- 
CTO»)y Eop. fccey-y rJiar. i4cc(ra» (rHeTf, BajiflD jtCTO ) H3*b 
*fj^ocy-jooi Kcv^'i^' (^pBTBa, hosbhiihX HxeHHT. Kov^'t'ffj sop. 
xff-: Kel^'» (cTpHry, (5p4K)), h31 \e^'j(»^ nepBotfHTH. sop. iar; 
OKoeqaflie -ii- npeACTaBJUien sepftAKO h xapasTepi c;(Ii<|^Hsca 
BTopeqaaro: Ke^ecfi^li- (sppnsq'b, rjEBflHaoB C0GyA'B)i oth tci' 
qaiJLos (rjiHHa); Xvk-I^- (Bo^qHiia), hhoh. Ausc-/-^) pox* kuK-i^-oCf 
on XvK'O'ff (bojiki); %B<pccX4i' (rojOBsa, eaqaio^ saean), 
HseH. K€(pocX'l'fff orb jcf^aAif (rojiOBa); x^^?'*^' (py^aB^, nep- 
qaisa), HIT. %f/f-iV, oi'b xei^ (pyna). IIpHHftpn cyniecTBHTeib- 
BHXi Ba 'oiS-: /xxsvoi^' (HeBCTOBBfly BasxaBsa), Hves. fxeavdff^ 
poAHT* /JLocivoc^'O'^f on rjiar. fxccivn {^^fxccivofjioci «c(!teHyncB, 
HeHCTOBCTByR)i»); roK-ocS' ( poxA&»n\A'^9 njroAOBHTaff ), hx. rcx-ttr, 
rjar. tIk-too (poxAax), npoHSBOsy); r^S-d^' (^HenoTpetiHaji 
z6fl]i^HBai>)9 HMeH. r^id'cc-fff on r^idoo (tpy^ ofieseHJiBpaR))^ 
cp. rqi^'osv (aciepToe, HSHomeHHoe njiane); -d^- sas^B osoh- 
qaaie BTopsqeoe: /xoy-c/^- (oAHBHiia), hv. /uovd^p, oti/lcovo^ (oabh- 
CTBeBHHB, OAHBOsiB), rjiar. fxhoD (ocTaDCb)=JiaT« man-eo; oa/jt^ 
d^' (6.iaroBOflflafl ipasa), on co'/^if ( sanaxi, ((jiaroBOuie ), rjiar. 
ccr/AdoiJLUi (HDxaDy o($OHJiK)) H6 6CTb nepBuqeBi/TaK*b-BaK'b npo* 
CTBHi KopHeHi flBJBeTCfl o^-i 0^09 (naxHy), H3i *o^'j(», ep. nponr. 
COB. oS'oo^'oc H cymecTB. o^-ooiif (sauaxi); Ke^-di- (poraraa), 
on fci^ocff (pofi) H np. 

CJOBa Ha 'U=v: viK-v (tpyni), hmor. vixu-^, poA. )^«o-o^^ 
Eop. vocK' cp. AP'-C^^i^Tp. nag-u-s^ bhuht. noQ-um ( cp. caHcsp. 
naQ—vtL6njTh); ^cc%-J- (spinRiB, toicthB, TyqHiiB), sop. sTecy- 
cp. Tfny-y^f^* (ysptaui), eoopysai)); on loro-xe sopaa npo- 



cy49HK)o. 4, '^. § 64. 145 

ouoBi); r»%-J- (csopiii8)^ hm* r(»%-J-i', Kop. rccy-cp, ray-if 
(BepxaBHSfl BJracTb), r^a^» (HasHaiai), onpaxtiflioX hsi Vcty- 
i0»; i|^-J- (cjraAKiV, npiatBtffl), ttop. waA-^ (cane&p. i8vdd-u), 

Kp.-((oxr. iiA%-iii; ^obB'V' ( rjj((iOKiit)y B6pra& BibponTHo ioA- vah^ 
cp. taHesp. &a%-ii (multns; Bopp. Gloss. 264, a ); <W-v- (fy- 
eToS| jbjothhB), Kop. ^o^d*-; 7At;x-u-(cJia;i:iriB)>; 'npexcTaBJuen, 
no !^eB BtpoflTHOcnr, sopoHB ejioxHEif , sa ocHOBy BOTopaM me- 
BO HpvBOTb gar=%Aomamb); ifhjxr^- (mHposiB) bv. Vf(»r-| 
sop« prat' I caHcicp. prath; x^oc^^v- {«chjibh]i8, Hory^»)y n. 
ff^'evr-u-Pi tt^i(k> (BiacTBjD, yspaBJtfli)); /30^<^u- (iimiSeBiB 

BBtpty ((apCl), **• &^^'^y pox* i3o^U-0-^y Bl H$f;j|3H Cli8of-o-p 

( nposopjiHBHB ), )3of-ct (ftxa, niiqa); Boc^tr-v* (ciftjiHiy xop8« 
BiB), Rop. deeper-, caHeRp. cZAars, xp«--<(ojrr. AI^is^hxth; ^?X-J- 
(bjh, rpasb), nen. ^lA^u-f (f.)» vnv. ^iX'-o? (Kamv, co((iipaK)); 
/£iv-v- (najiBB, Be((oiunoB)9 Bop. m^v- cp. ut. min-or^ Kp.« 
Bii. ifiin-fiir, totcb. minniiera (ovh leitilB^ Bop. min^ op. Qa- 
hdtntz & Loebe Gramm. d. got. Spr. 120, Anm. 1), xPobbo- 

(JOIP. MbN-HH; W%-v* (jlOBOn), pOA. 7fnx*eoi>ff^ BOp. w-c^y, 

nap. Tfiiy'YV'fju (yBptew*, BTHRaB); <r/^-u- (Men, er/TT-u-^ 
fern. OdeyAi^, iftmoBi) h np. 

4. IIpBMlpEi 031 jiaTHHCRaro flsoBa : verm^i- ( ^opBB ), bbob. 
perm-i'S 131 *guerm4'8j cascBp. Tcrm-i^ Bop. X;ram; ens-i- 
(len), Rop. as (cp. eaacBp. m ^oc^jrecT'bTfc, ({pocarb^ bi na- 
rafackoii eJiOBt BcraBjreHi SByai bocoboB); ot;-i- (^Bqa), rpcf^. 
oF-i, BOp. av-; /ton- (cTpyna), BopOHB B4poaTBO /tcZ- {fiiido 
«paesaiErBaD»)«caHCBp. hUd (paenteirjraTBy bojiotb); cuf-i- (bo« 
xa), BOp. etf^-; de-din-i- (oTBopo^oBHuB), sop. din: dedinare 
(oTBopa«BBa<rb); de-pran-di- (Eiea. deprandis^ TomiB, bo ta- 
BiiB», On. Naerins), KOf. prand-: prand-^ere (saBTpaaan; 
prtmd' npeACTBBJiiren no-BHAHMOiy ^opiy 6iosfl;v, BOTopoB 

10 



146 oy^ftHKOB -f, -u. § 64« 

COCTaBHHA WCTH B^pOflTHO : pTO- H KOp. Cd- =«teTfc», 01 9TOS 

eoBnaAaoTi h SHa^eHie «c3aByeHBaTB nepeAi> otfftxon^). OxoHqa- 
Hie -i- qacTO BCTpftvaeTca b'b cjosan BTopHvearo o^paaoBasia: 
hi'form-i' (ffitoQil jlm BiAa, x^a iHiia), hskb ^dm-Zbrmi^, 
eyoiecTB. form-a (BHxrb, otfusi); con-cord-i- (comeHfiB, 6ah- 
HOxyniHBB), Hv. c(m-corS| hvb ^ctiin-cort^-s, on cordi' («C6pA* 
i(e»)) n6H» cor (neatr.)f rpev. tuc^^la; (lec-efin-i- (xecsTEitT* 
fliB), HS'B *deC'ann'i' (decern '\' annus) ^ ann-o- (von^b); decern^ 
jug-i^ (vb AecaiB sohoB BanpflseiHsB), on jug-urn (hfo); earn^ 
mun-i' {o6jb,% Bceotfn^iB) hsi "cum-mun^f on fnun-er- (n. 
mtinti^ <KAOJ[SHOCTB, A^'Ox>); ea^-anim-t- (tfejsxHSHeeHHB, xepT- 
bhB)| anima (Aynia); im-berb-i- ((fesGopoAHfl), nn ^in-barb-f 
5ar&a=6opoAa; ex-torr-i" (bmobht, ea;tom^=BQrHaHBHB hsi 
0TeqecTfia)| on terra (seum, spaB); in-fam-i' (descjaBHiiB, 
ii08opHEiil)| on fama (MoiBa, cxaBa), sop. /a* —bha h np, 
OsoH^aflie -u: pic-u (caoTHHa), Kop. pah^ caacsp. h AP*-<>aKTp. 
poQ-u, sop. pag (BasaTB, npBBflBHBaTB); oc-u- (Hrjia), hi6&. 
acuSf Kop. ah- {6mh oCTpHHi), cp. CAHcap. Q6—k6, npeACTaB- 
junqee nctpecTaaoBsy sopHX ai-, cp. rpe^. o^k-/k9| (BopnuiHa, 
ocTpie), jLK.ca^e^'fnen (B6pxyniBa=<K0CTpHB Kon9HK'BD);^ra(i-t«-' 
(man; noH. gradus)^ sop. grad^: grad-i (maraTS, hath); 
curr-u- (<i(BOJ[ecHBiiax>) hx. currus^ on oar. curr-ere (($i- 
xaTb). IIpBJiaraTeiBHHH aa -ti npHBHHaDn n osoHwaii) eqe 
npHtfaBO^Hoe -i; Zet;-i- (lersiB), hb'b ^laghu^^^ caHcap. laghUf 
Ap.-($OJir. AbrL-Ki; <enfif-{- (<KTOBBiBi>, HHen. tenuis)^ hbi ton^ 
tt i-, csp. tan-Uf Kop. fem (AP*-($0Jir. tlhl-k*l, riar. tafhs- 
th); suav-i- (npifliHiiB, hhjihB)| %vhsvddu-i' ( BCJiiACTBie bh- 
nycsa (2, cp. caHcsp. sviid-^^ AP--(^o^r. CAOA^-K^y hsi '^cboai^-). 
BoDHi (Yergl. Gramm. III. 886) opHBOAHn h md-li- (Hirr- 
KiB \ npoHcmeAmee, no ero npoAnoAOxeHiD^ nai molv-i- (BcitA- 
CTBie ynoAOt^AOHia ), h oTnocaqeecH si caHcap. mrdu=*mard''U. 
6. Bi roTCBOHi HSHsi OKOHuaie -i osasaBaoTCH ho ptAso otfpa- 



dOBaTenHHii BJioHeHTOH'L cymecTBHTeiEHHZi, npexcTaBUDmnxi 
Douriii OTBJfe^OHHHH , HO EHorAa E nomina agentis: mun-i—' 
(cmeiBn — HH6HHT* muns ^ hhox. mun-eis; vh HHeHHT., xar. hbhh. 
OKOH^aHie ^- BBnaAaen), aop. man (pacmHpeHHaa j^opiia nepBOBa-- 
vjftHaro ma); nauth-i- i6ijifk^ BjsAft)f HieHHT. tMuths (fern.), 
xop. nauth*=nud^ csp. ntid (vnpHHyxAaTB, noo]i(piiTB»)| HopACB# 
nyd-an=voitJi. nauthjan^ AP*~($02r. no^AHTh (cvarqeHie nocitA" 
H6B sopeHHoB rjacHoS otfnapyxHBaeTcii vh HoysKAa, npoHemeAmen 
Kn*Htid*'ja); vro-h-i (sajio($ay otfBHHenie), HiieHHT. vrohs (Um.\ 
riar. vroh-jan (o($BHHaTB)| Chtb loaseT'B, n cbhse c% vrik'^an 
(npeciftAOBaTB, otohcthtb), AP*-((oj!r. Epum; daun-i- (napi| sa- 
naxrB), iieH* dauns (fern.), cp. Hi v. dun-st {dun- yBasHBaen 
Ba caHcap. dhmd=ji,Yth); hruth-fath-i^ (seHHii), hhoe. bruth-^ 
faih-s — fath'faih'Sf vb SHaqeHia ^praepositttsi^ cooTBiiCTByen 
caHcsp. pati (on wifs. pa)^ ep. b kunda-fath^i* (centurio^^ 
camuumjf hh6Hht. hunda-faths^ thimtudi-fath-i- ix^^ocfXfi^)f 
BMeH. thusundifatha; gard'd-^ («8aropoAa, aoei, ceEeleTBO^, 
cp. JBT. hort'Us)^ Kop« gard^ cp« ^gaird^^an b% Ugairdan^ 
uf' gairdan (onoacHBaiB — gaird - a = noaci) — veina - gard-s 
(mascO^^BHHorpaAHHB caAi; daii-i^ (-drbjn vh om-duM^ nacmh^ 
Ap.-<SoJir. Ktn) iiea. daila (fem.)» daU-a (ffacrie) sop. dal= 
dar, rjiar. dail-jan (a&ietb, coo6niaTB), ga-daUjan (pasAliiflTB)— 
nepBOHav. BHaqeaie aopH. dar ecn pasopeamht Tasi'*iTO a^^"" 
^pasopeauHoef omdrhAennoe^; qini- (seHOiHHa), EHenET. gfina^ 
sop. gan^ cancap. §an (poahtb), ibthhcb. Erpe9«^6fi-,AP«'^'P« 
X6H-a (=BposAai)niaii)« 

Ojioaa ci oaoHTOHiex'B -m; skad-u- (euu. sJcad^us masc 
ci11hb»), sop. shad'' (spBTB, noBpHBaxB) = caHCxp. chad, cp. 
rpei. mid; fdt-u^ (hmoh. f6t-us masc* « flora »), sop. pad (hati). 
ep. eaecap. pdd^a (ci soTopHMi coBoaAaeTi no $opii AP«*((ojir« 
noAi); ^red-i*- (hm. gredus^ masc. «rojioAi»), aop. gred- (y- 
nofpetfueTca Tose bi BHAt ruroia: greddth mik^tL roJiOAeni), 

10* 



148 oy«9HKG. -if -u. % 54. 

pftBHABTM, sa HBHtHeHiem r bi l^ jip.-($ojir. riiiiAi, caHesp. 
gardh Oi^wthf eTpewTLca); faih-u- (HMymecTBo) , HM6H. faihu 
(nentr^Of sopeHHaa 4^opia pdkut mt. pecu^ caacsp. pag-u; 
air-U' (BicTHHK%)| hhoh. air-u-s, sop. BipoaTHO ar (hath); 
aid-u- (odOTaS, otfuRHOBeme, apaBi), HaeH. sidus (maac.), aop. 
sad; angv-^U" (ysaiB), aaea. angvus^ aop. anh-^ cp. caacKp. 
anh-Uf Jiar. ang-ustus^ jipQBH.-Hiba. ang-4, xp«*<^ojrr. x^*n; 
fU-w (MHoriM — HaeoHT. fUus)^ rpe^. ^roA-J-^, caaeap. pwr-u^ 
Bop. par; u ocTaerca a bi cjiosaim cioaan: fUu-faihus 
(jl$oraTiiff, h8o6hjilhhB). 

6, npaMjbpB BS'b HopAcaaro asHica: dal-i^ (AOJiaaa), aaea. 
dd-r (masc); mat-i- (oHQa, tff)^ aaea. matr, roTca. mats 
(reaa: mati-); dag-i- (yA&pi»)t aaeaaT. sZa^r (masc,)* roTea. 
sZa%-i-, aaea* sZo^^i aop. slah—slagy aopxca. aid {6wth^ yxt- 
pavB) coapan^eBO h3% aZa^/iy cp. npn^acT. deg-inn (nwh *alag» 
inn); grip4 (AparoiiftHHoeTb), aaea. gripr^ aop* gfip^grapf 
caacap. grah asi grabh (saxaaTaTs); naud-i- (i(fta^ aysxa), 
aaea. naud^ (aaoau nat((f-ir=y8Ei, aaaxajiH); veid-i" (oxoTa), 
aaeaar. veid-r (feia«)» cp. caacap. vjadh (y^apaTB, paain)* 
OaoHiaaie -t^: midd-u (aaQHHT. mi^tfr masc. «aaTeBaBB iox'ba) 
poAHT. mia(f-ar, KO^^madh^madj rpe^r. /Lcid-ti, AP«-*({oj[r. ue^'^ 
kvid-U" (aapeqeaie), aaenaT. kvidr^ rxar. A;t;6(l'-a (roBopan^ 
caaaaTi^), nponi. sp. hvad (roTca. qtah^ aarjr. 2f«o£&^, aop. Jfca^A^ 
eaacipp. Jcath (roBoparB, paacaasBeaTB); aid-w (apaaB, oftsqaB) 
aaea. aidr (maac.), bbhht. mhos, aid-u^ roTca. aid-u-a; lid-u* 
(ueai), aaea. lidir^ Baaat. unovi. lid-u, vorcju. lith-tia; hand-^/h^ 
(pyaa), aaea*. hSnd (fern.), roTca. hand-u-a (pyaa), cp. raar. 
Jmth'on (noBaaTB, jobbtb), npom. hanth. 

Bii ataoTopHxi cjioBaxi, BCJitAOTBie saanTeiBaHX'B ceapaaie- 
BiBi acieaB aaxAsB cjitf'B oaoawaia -u: /^ («caoTBy A^aiipa, 
]iiiya^CTBO»— aarj. fee ocaosaeaAie, niaTa») m Yaihu^ rofca. 
faihu^ nepaoaa^ *pak^; tri (neatr. «A6peB0)») pox* laos. trid^ 



C7%%. -i, 'U Bl JtHTOBGK. fl3. § 64. lid 

Kop. tar=darf caecBp. ddr-u (lignum); SByBoekii npasEja li- 
maDn conocTaBjeHii) fio^ACKaro tri ei caHcsp* tor-tt (AepoBo), 
TiB'b-KaB'B HopACBoe t coeTB<lTCTByerB caecBp. d^ a ho )( (tU 
tar=6ov%f oaacBp. diva; ^u=AeciiTB| esp. dagan; teihn^==^ 
BiiaBiy cftBCsp. (It(— ykasHBaTB); A^}^ (boji^ho), canCKp. gdnu 
(Bop^ ^n), jiar. gen-u^ rpe^. yovu h dp; 

7. B% jiiitoBCBOHi flsuBft cioBX ci oROHqaBieBl -i Becbia ho- 
HBorOy TorAii-BaBi teMH ea -i» Hso^HJiyiDrb , ocotfenHo vh npff- 
jaraTeibHiixx, ilcji^ActBie ocjra6iefliff nepBOHa^iaibiiaTo -a ai -u. 
Bfc 6oiBO<li0CTBft cjyvaeBi bi feitaxi na -n yciarpHBaeTCB ifpe- 
o^pagoBBflie do aHajiorii tohi Bti -ja/To-ate caMoe i^ep'bA^o ot- 

HOCETCfl H Bl TOiaMl BB -f ^-«s^i CToAiiee IlOCJit coFJiacAfin 

BflicTO nepBOBQiqa JBHaro ja (jas , cp. 5cA2eicilef , Lit. Gramm. 
10&— 106). npHiftpb: ang^' (HBOHriiT. angls aysi, exvAHa^)— 
CBHCBp. ahij HdcoBol aayai nBJitfeTCfl h b'b lafHtttcB. dngui-s^ 
I AP**<$0Jir. *fiBb, cp. noiLCB* t(;^iy cjiobhbcb. v6i; Uv-i- (uie^. 
at;)^ fern. «oBua»)*-BopeHB av- odpaaoBani' BiposiTHO hs'b nep- 
BOua^aJiBJaro u (bi sHaqeHie <xaoBpuBaTB, OAiBBTB))); dfol-i- 
(BBeB. daUa tqacTB, iHJiocTHflii »), Bop. dal=dar; pU-i- (s&- 
lOBi, HiieH. pUiSt fern., pOAur. pUis)^ Bop. jn2-: jT^^ti (<cHa- 
noJHJiTb)», Bi oepeHocHOMi cMucjit <ic3acejiATb»)y nepBOHa^iaabB. 
jpar, cBHCBp* jM«r*a (ropoAi^)! rpe^i. Tfohri-s-y Jcmd'^' ('HBibHHr. 
AxfMeIt5 masc. vyByneHie, iioJib», kdndis fern. poA. Mndta (kmoa, 
ueii(Bi»— ^eddeZmanii, WOrterb^ 177), Bop. A;ane2- rjiat. A;a3*^ 
(sycan) hbi ^kand-ti^ oaer. ap. &amI-u=ApeBBe-6ojn*. KXcaiS 
(cp. B s^A-KXc-OTH^ nf^H-KiBcaTH H np.); vag-i' (BMeaiT. vagis 
«Bep%j»)y K.<op. vag^ rjiar. t^'^-ti (BopoaaTb); -ta o6pa80Baji6e& 
HSi -jM Bi eioBaxx, BBBirTo: vUg^i" (unL^nn. vdlgis <c]iBmi 
lAa»)9 rjar. vdlgyti (ten); ^y2-^ (sajio), aop. gal (cp. pyccB. 
nOA'onnt)^ riar. ^^Z-fi (bojiotb^ yxajiHTb); gOid'-^-s (anltyii^i 
cotfetB. antBeiiix^)/ aop. ^i(I| fji. gid-dfi (nin). 

OjoBa c% TeniH sa -i«: med-u- (bboh. metfti^s «V0A'&»)} 



150 OFOftHSo. 'iy -u. § 64. 

caHCKp. madh-Uf Rop. mad; dang-u- (j^me. dangUs ^^nofH^U" 
BaDiitee»=s«He($o»)| sop. dang^ vmv. dhng^ti (nospsBan); virs-u- 
|[HxeH. t;irse«8=ccEapysH06, BepxHee ») AP«-<{ojir. EiyhjCL; dreb-U' 
(«AposaiiiiS)> — HMee. drebus)^ sop. drah^ neonpex* drei-^^t 
(xposaTB), AP«-<$0Jir. TpeneTOTH^ rpenerh; rom-u (hhoh. romti^s 
<KspaTRil)»), Hoonpeji. rlm-ti (npHciHp'&TB), sop. ram; plat'-u^ 
(hxoh. platiis ^rnHposiB^), rpe^. Ttf^r^v^ff^ KOf. prath;hin'g'U 
(cccx'bjiiil, OTBasHHRx)), Rop. hang J riar. hlng-ti (piSBHTKca, 
maJiHTB); 2en^t;-jit-s (jierRifi), cancRp. lagh-u; sald-U'S (uax- 
BiB), eanCRp. svdd-u; mars-Us (sa^HBqHBHl), Rop. marSf rur. 
ui-mlrs'ti (dSkCmh); dark-U-s (raARiB, CRBopHuB), vio^f.' darkf 
vn. dark-yti (nopoun); tes^u-s (npaioB), Rop. tis^ ep. Us-it^ 
(HCTHHa, npaBAa), Is-tis-a-s (upuoB); baug-U-s (cTpaHBSiBy 
ysacEHB), Rop. bug (u jCHJiHBaeTCA h'b au) — vz. baug^ifUi 
(njraTB); meU-ib-s (jiacROBHB), Rop. mU- : myl-^ti (jiDtfaTL), 
iiemcR. mUovati. 

Mfloriji Tem na -f», npexcTaaiADBux npuaraTeiBHSiiy Hiton, 
ci Ttn-se eaxHHi sHa^eHien, tokh na -a (jxapeHie, ROTopoe 
npasuBHO JiesHTi na -U-^ vh laROii cjiyvaft o(Ssrhob6hho ne- 
pezoAirB HaRopeHBoB cion): gudr-U-s^ bjib gMr-a-s (yiBsB, 
pasyiBHfi), Bi cfi«3H ci saHxcTBOBaHHsii'B kytras = xp^-^MT* 
jcmpi)^^ pyccR. a;tm2)u«{; saun-U-Sj bu ^(itm-a-8 (ohetabhB), 
cp. Htv, 5c^n (xopomiB, RpacBBHB), stipr-ii^d bjih stlpr-a-s 
( chjibehB) h flp. (Gp. Schmidt^ Ueber d. lith. Nominalfinffix— 1« 
Beitrftge, IV. 260). 

B« 0BFi30BiTBJIBRHE OJIOri, GOOTOBflllS B8!B OOBJIHHB* 
Hia rJlOBOB Cb OABOD HJIK BOJI^X OOrJIiCBHHH. 

I 

§ 56, Cy^^BRCB -ofiy npexcTaBjunDn^iB HHorxa Tose OROH^a- 
Bie BTopocTeneHHoe, ocjiadueTcn aepiAKO Vb -in ( b:b caacRpBTftX 
UE -en (Bi rpeiecROMii utibcrohi i utoborou UBoazi). 



cy«ft. -an, -in b% gahosp. § 65. 161 

1. npirtpH un caHcspHTa: taJcs-an (uothhk'b), sop. t€M 
(ocTpHTL, oKiecBBaTBy CTpoHTb); snck-an («Apyr'Bx> — ^nK^H- 
nu%»)f sop. snih (jL¥i6En);plthan (cejieaeHsa), Kop. jpiih (npH- 
BeAeHHoe bi Dhatupad. 8Ha<ieHie chatHi XBiraTBca^ HeiBsa bh- 
B6CTH fl3!a caaau naNflTHHSOBi, Tasi-sas^b bi hhx'b TasoB ko- 
peHB He BCTpftqaeTen ), Kpoat jplth-an BCTpt^aeTca h jolUi-an; 
ddm-an (Yinculum), sop. dam (=JiaT. domari); d({man(npH- 
upeuie, npHHHpHTeJBHan p'b^B), no ot^BiioHeBii) Bonna hbi fdm^ 
an on aop. fam (jcnosoHTBen); vrs-an (adss'Bi), eo6cTB. cconio- 
AOTBopaDiiii8)i sop. vars (pluere, pluyiam demittere — wb ne- 

peBOCHOMl CMHCJI'by «OnjOAOTBOpflTB»). 

OzoabhB ei -an bo HHorHii OTBomeHum ey^^ij^HSCB -tfi, bh- 
pasHDD^iB np6HHyii^ecTB6HH0 nonoiina agentiSi npsMHsaen n 
Toian nepBH«iBaro em BTopHiaaro odpaaoBaBia; bo BTopoix ciy- 
HsA npoHczoAflT'B cyniecTBHTejiBHiui hjii npajiaraTeiBBHii hbb ey- 
QecTBHTOJiBHuzi : dv$s-in (<cBpar!B, HenpiirTejiB» — co($ctb. ccho- 
HaBHAABiiB»)> sop. (2t;i J ( HOflaBHAftTB ); ra&a-in ( saniBTHesii cto- 
posi ), sop. raJcs (santH^aTB ); Mr -in ( A'biiTejBHizB ), sop. kar 
(AtiaTBy A'bBcTBOBaTB); kr6dh4n (cepAHTHfi), sop. krtidh (cep- 
ASTBCii); hahU'hhdS'in (sBoro roBopaniiBy (Sojitjhi), sop. Ihds 
(roBopiTB); mand-hdr-in (cepAi^e yzBaTHBaD^iR) sop. har (bbatb) 
manas — cepdue, MUMtf sop. man ( xyvaTB ), cp. m. mens; 
sam-handhin (poactb6hbhbi)| sop. handh (siisaTBi CBBSHBaTB). 

npHMtpn BTopoeTeBOHHaro cy$iI»Hsea -in: hast-in (cjiobi), 
OTB hast-a (pysa, zotfon); Mgar-in («xeBix> = <KOAapeHHHB 
rpHBOD») on kifara (rpHBa); gaf-in («jiyHa)i>=<K8aKaOTaDfliiafl 
Bi ce(Si 8Bas^ aaBita^), on gaga (<K3aii]iix>; no hhaIBcshmi bos- 
sptBian Ha JijH'b BHAHieTca otfpasB saBi^a); mdun-in (aiioi* 
ujiiBHBi>-^«npHAepsHBaDniiBefl npasHJH 0TmejBHHBa»), on mu- 
ni (aflaxopen, OTme jbhesi ); sdJcs-in ( cbhaItojib )| on sa 
( cum ) +aksi ( riasi ) ; d&^-in ( AyiDa == «rtio» 0A^p6HHafl»)» 
on d&ui (rtio). 



162 GyoftHBci -an. § 55. 

2. npHMftpH 131 APi^BH^^RTpiHcsaro iiSBsa: ukh^-an (poon), 
Bop. t;aA;%l (pacTH.)-^i:opeHHaix naciai a Bsnajia h *t;A;A^ ne- 
penuo vb ukhs (cp. caacBp. uh-ta «cKa8aHHHS)» biu VaA;-to= 
vakta^ sop« «;aq); tol-an ( TBopeiii — caHcsp. taks'an)^ Bop. tal 
(cTpoHTb, AiiJaTb, DJioTHHWTii ); j^at^-on (n;Ti>, Aopoi^), sop. 
pat (()%xaTb, naAaTb); Qpag-^n (cToposi), sop. gj^o^ (eio- 
TpibTB, CTope^B); Qraj-an (KpaeoTS, tO| via DpespaoaoX sop. 
^ (npajiaraT. (ri=KpacHBHS); tot;-an (lory^iSy Moryn^ecTBOH- 
bhS), sop. jt^ (($nTb B% eoeTOflfliH, mo^), caseKp, tuvi- (hho- 
ro*) on tu; rdm^an (opiBTflOcnX sop. ram (oTAHxan, paAO- 
BaTiCfl); Is-an (sejiaDoiiflX Bop« il (xejiaTb); BTopo&TeneHHai 
ej^^Boi -an: puthr-an (oreiii eeielcTBa)^ on jpi^^^a (chh%); 
hazanh-an (paatfoBaBKi), on hazanh (aacHJibeTBO, rpa($ex'b); 
viQ-an ( BaBOADiiVcJi zodiiBcTBon), on vig (Aon^ eeaeMcTBO^ 
OBpyn). 

OBOH^aflie ^in: afs-tac-in ( aacTaB^flMfiK Te^B BOAy)9ontoc 
((SftzaTB, tohb), nepBOBa^. tak-^ op. tah-'a (6imd»^ii); jdh-in 
(ipatfputy BOBHCTBeHHEiH), Bop. ia&=caflCBp. jas (rpyABTbCA); 
kain-in (AiBymsa), sop. Btpoarao kan-, cp. caHCcp. kan-jd 
( AftBymsa). 

8. Bi rpeqeoBOM'b jidHBl nepBOBavaiBftui cy^^BBC^ -an hs- 

BtaaOTCfl B% -FV-ov: eh'ov (bhos. eh-m «BBOBa»)|. pOA* eh- 

OV^Offj TMV. etK'Oi) (paBBJIDCB, (SilBBI) BOXOSHIl); BOp. iK- Cp. 

nporn. Bp. 'i'9iK'Cb\ ug^ev' (flioB. cc^^fiv «Mys«iBBay BysecEiB»), 
poA. oi§^ev'os^ HVB ^poc^er-fy- (spoHft »§^nv ynoTpe6jia6TCfl H 
ApeBiitSmaB H6yflOAo6j6flHafl ^opia ^^er-nvy)? caecBp. va/rhan; 

ecl»V' (IBOB. Uiw CCBtB'Bi Bp6Mfll>) H31 ul^Vj p0A« a(?^V-0^9 IBT. 

ae-t;o- (bi nociiABoH jiopMb osoB^aHieBi iiBJiaeTca -t^o-, bo 

BOpOHB OXHBaBOB'B: i=HATK); ev^SSfJl-OV' HH6H. ev-el/JL-W «Z0pO« 

BIO oa^thB )> ), £?/4A(=0ABSAa9 BopoHB 7/4- cp. ifji-Utiov (aiafBe); 
aeil^-ffy (quob. Kfi(P''^Vi poA/ K#-9v'0i' «TpyT6BBy fyQOJiA^'VB^ 
cia($HB), Bop. KUTt" cp. Koii^^T'O^ (rionOi tB'B)^ Kct^-v^o^ (ey* 



cyeoasai -an. § 55. 153 

xol| BEicymeHHEiX); hjeifi-oDv (mi^ff. A^/jk-o^v, poA* Xstfi-oovoff 
€iyrB»), Kop. Ai/i4-; Tfht-oy- {mm. Tfhroov^ poj. TfeTf-ov-off 
gptjiuly HflrBiffoi), Tjiar. Trhr-r^co (fiapi), AtoiD cntiBHi), 
^io-ao^ (Bap]9^ nef&-y), m^ ^'neK-joOj Rop. |iaA; ^fud-nv- (hmoh. 
igsvb'i^Vy poi. ^!ffvd-ifv-Of c noACJi^^HBaDiiiiB, usyTWSfb^), riar. 
irvvdccvofjLeci (cnpamHBai), raatAHBaD), sop. ^ud-, caflCft^. &im2A; 
JoA-<»v (m. ioh-m <KTaKBH8, He6oxBiiK>8 .hox'b, KHHsaxi b% 
nanli^X i*^^* ^'^A-^^o' (o($iiaBmaD| DOAA'bAbiBaiD), ut. dol-us 
(xHTpocn, otfHaHi); el^^oov' (hm. ^^^o^v apoBopiiniiff BpHTBope^ ») 
rjar. «f-d^ hbi *lfi<» (roBopD); J&u-7rr/-(»v- (niei. Idv-Tpri" 
wv «npwo JieTfln^ifl »X sop. ^^r-: Tfer-ofjLoci (jieTai)); dtiS-ov 
(hmh* o^iyJ'-o^vaticcoJOBelft), vjiar.^ delS-oD^^ec^-oif (qod); (hc^tt- 

mir^To^y)^ rjar. mcufTf-r-M (ODvpaK), HasjORflD); rfny^ov- (hvi^bv 
Tfvyciv^ poA* r^'ov'oc <i(Fop4Hita»=:<xBopKyjDii^ai[»)y rjar. 
rqxi^'oa (BopKyn) flsi r^iry^ja)^ 

'Oin nvk oftOHqaiie BTopawoe: J(0((py-(»v- (iv. ^a<pv(£yf poA. 
Jio^^-^y.^f cpoH^ft jiaBpoBaH») orb Jc/ipvif (jiaBpoBoe AopoBOi 
jaapi); anm- (eh, (riro^v -^v^oi* «8act4HHoe nojie»)| on a7rop 
(xiUfpb, sBToX AP«-tfoir« siuiTo; dt;^-(vv- (Hie^. dtif-o^, poA*. 
BufZyoff «eftiH, npeAAB^pio^), on ^'^op (ABepb, BopoTa), caa^sp. 
dvdra; «c/-vaiv- (nen. yco/voJv, -a?v-o^ cywcTBis'Li T0Bapffiq%3»>) 
on Ko/y-oV (o((niiB, BceotfQilf) h np. 

4. Bi jiaiiHCBeM'& aavA cyj^^Hsci -'aii npsBwaen ^opvii 
-en^ -M, a ^aqeBcero -on: caup-on^ (TpasTBpqHKi^ coAep&aTM^ 
rocTHBHUts) , ftop. cup" (BftpoBTSo CI sflaveflieHi noruyn-^amb. 
mopioeamh)^ ep. AP«-<!oar. KOYnoBdTH^ KOYnbi|b; glu^tm- (nm^ 
^lut-en n. cbx^Ij^), sop. glut- (cp. aP*-b%ii. glat^iMd-nUt); 
li^iik^im. fi^m. c(06Jie80i«»), oa^HCBp. jp2iA-an, ipe^ (r-^AifV 
%?^^ (8eMieAto»4MKoe opfAie> lOTStsa) riarw %.-ara (BigBaisb);; 
«i-;<Sfi-! (bmh. edo^ poA« eti^^-j^ «ftA<^'&f otfj(opa»)i sop. ed^ 



154 Gy«»iKO'& -an. § 55. 

ger-o (necy); err-on' Hiei. erro «tfjiy»^ai)miB, (Sftrjieiiis), nar. 
err-are (((JiyzxaTB, omH($aTbc«); j>raec-dii- (iiMeB. ^oeco «rjiama- 
nl, repojibAix>), on BeynoTpetfjmeiiaro ^prae-ci-eref cpaBa.jpro^* 
da («rjiainaTa9, KpHKyHi» — Fest); in-ctt&o»- (HM.fncw6o«Ayx*» 
GTeperyoiiS KJiaji.x»)y sop. cubf nar. in-cubare (jezan sa 
^OMi); &u&-on- (huoh. hubo «41)HJiHHi»), on SBysonoApasaTejib- 
naro rjiaroja huh-ere (kphwtb); ungu-in* (huoh. unguen n. 
<iia3b»), rjiar. un^uere=f«ii^era (vasaTb); jur&-tii- (gien. 
^ur&-en neutr. hjie turbo y nLa8e..«BHZopB| BpyxeBi6)i>) , nar. 
turb-are (BOJiHOPaTBi HyTBTi>). BTopHqBBM'b OKaBBBaeTca cy^- 
4»iKci -aiiBicjioBaxiy sasi-To: cajpi^-dn- (hhob. capUo «ro- 
jOBaHXD), on caj?it- (BseB. caput n, <crojiOBa)>); ^jptii-on- (bioh. 
poptno ocryjBRa, maTaDn^iBcn no xapqeBOBMi^ Horat.)i on 
popina (Plaut. «xap<ieBHfl, TpaKTBpx»); ne&t«2-d»- (HMea. ne- 
hdo cBeroABi, Djyn»), on nehtda (ryNaHi, qaAi»)» 

nocpexcTBOM'b npHCTaBKH -i- ('i-^ Ki -on npoBCxoAHn pae- 
iBHpeBBafl $opMa oKOBqaaia: -ion" (=jan')f otf pasyvqaa , sasi 
cy^^^HRCi nepBBqBHiy nomina actionis: ob'Std-idn- (hmoh. 
obsidio fern. «ocaxa»), hb^b ^ob'Sad^-an" f aop. sed-^sad 
(cBAiTb); eon'tag-ion' (biob. confa^io cnpasocHOBOHie , sapa- 
3a»), on con-ting-ere (apHRacaTBCn , 0((xBaTaBaTb) B8ib *c9^m- 
tan-gerCf sop. to^ (cp. tag^dx qoxotbo TporaioDiiB ») ; occid- 
id»- (BieB. occidio fern. anopaaneBie, BCTpedjieHie^) hsi *ob^ 
cad'f nar. occltJ-ere (y($BBaTB), m ^ob^caed-ere^ sop. cacJ; 
MSjpicHOfi- (Hiefl. suspi'Cio vcoHBftBie, noAosplBie »), on 
BUspUere (BSHpaiB, noAOspteaTB) , h8!B ^sub-spec'tre ^ Kop. 
spec^spah (caflcsp. pag). 

BTopHqBHHX osoBqaaien jTBiiJieTCii -ton- b'b opU-iSn- (bmoh. 
opUio un ovUio aoaqapi^^ on ovis «ob]ui)») on ovUis 
(oBoqiS), caacBp. avi'8=A^.'6oxr. OBLi|a; tdi-idn' (hmob. tdia 
fenu «B08M68xi6 9 BOBxaAHie^), on npuar. tdl-is (TasoS); 
t;^|)er-<i2-ian- (bioh. vespertiUoj masc. «ji6Tyqa« iBiiB»)|an 



oy^^HRCB ^n. § 65. 165 

vtsper («Beq6pi)»; *ft{- npeACTauffen oROHWHie HeyooTpe($j[ii- 
eiaro wh avon cjryqai DpHiarareibHaro <ii%esper-t%l'%s ^ ep. 
/er-^i/id «niOAOHOCHHH)», sop. fer-^ sub-Ulis <KT0HBi8,T0VHHKx>| 
on ^, rep'tUis «npecHHKai)ntiReai> , sop. rep- a op.). 

Apyraa cioseaa ^opaa cyij^^asca -an octb ^-i»- (-ig-in^ 
'ag-in')^ cocToaniaa hsi ropiaHHot SByqaoB a ocjial^jieBHaro 
'an: ofipasoaaHHiiia TasHMi nyreai cyniecTRHTejiiHHa npeACTaajiH- 
DTi tfoiiBmex) ^acTbi) cjioaa nepBaqHua: ar-tg in- (aaea. orl^o 
fern. <x DpoHcxoxA6Hie )>) , riar. orlri (noAaaaaTbca , npoacxoABT^); 
Wfi'tg-in' (hmoh. verttgo fern, ccapyseaie, roiOBOKpyzeoie^), 
rjiar, vert-ere (aepTiTb, noBopaqeBaxb) , Ap.-^oir. spiT-WH, 
eaacsp. t;ar<^* sca-tur-tg^in' (flaea. scatArigo feiu. aacToq- 
BBBi, poABBKix)), rjiar. scatur-tre (apotfaBarbca , BUTeaaTk), 
paemapeBBaa 4>opaa on scatire (coqaTbca, BHTesaTB); prUr- 
ig-in^ (aaea. priirtgo fern, aqecaflie, syAi, ooxonx)), r;iar. 
pr^rire (cBep6liTBy ^ecaTBca); vor-ag-in- (aaea. vorago fern, 
cnyqaaa, opoflacTB»), riar. vorare (aorjioa^aiB). 
- Ojiobo cfB BTopocTeneBBHai osoflqaBien ecn virago (fenu, 
poAHT. virag-inAs arepoBBa, lysecraeBQaa zcBa^BBa^), on 
vir (ayxiiBBa), caacap. ttra (repofl). 

6. Bi roTCBOii asH&t -an ynoTpe($jiaeTca aasi oitoaqaflie 
nepaaqaaro a jb BTopaqaaro odpaaoBaaia : gard-an (aaea. garda^ 
loaae. utai) aop. ^ard (cp. ^ard-s aaaropoABa^B rjiar. U^gaird- 
-on «onoaeHaaTB»)» ate. Afird-eCxp-Hfta. ^tir^2| curtUa^ «oo« 
acBft); t;a^an- (aaea.t^tj} nentr. «BOAa»), sop. t;a<-, caacap. 
ud" (ud-ant ud-aha «B0Aai>), mm. und-a; ga-tawr-an- (aaea. 
^a-toi^ra maac. «cpa8pHB'B)>)^ rjar. ga-tair-an (paaopaaTB), sop. 
tor»«caBCBp. dar^ xp.-((ojir. AP^h; ga-dail-an- (aaea. ^a- 
claiZ-a masc. «yqacTBaBi)»), riar. dailjan (AftiBTB, coodaiaTB), 
gadaHjan (paaxinTB); us-lUh-an" (aaea. usiUha masc. <Kpa8- 
CMAiimEBft^)^ on lithus (m. <cqiefli»iBC(coflpoBOSAaDaiiV, ixy- 
mi>^)9 riar.— {dt^i ga-kUh-an (ixtI|Xoastb); ga^uhan^. 



156 oy«ftHRG% -on. § 65. 

(fliei. ga-juhra masc. «xpyn, C0T0Bap8ii^i»), pn ytijk (n. 
«Mro»), jaT. jug-um^ Ap.-tfoir. wo. 

6. npHHtpH H3i HopACsaro JiBHsa: (an-on- (HHeH. hanif 
masc. «f(SiH£ia, CHepm>— poA* h ^ai. naX- (an-a, mhos, (an-ar^, 
Bop. (an, rjiar. &ana (j($HBaTb)y op. apjiaHKCS* bona (CMeptb), 
rpevecff. ^cv-0- (;(iiBcTBo)| eaBCKp. t;an (paHRTB, yfiflTB); /^ar- 
an- (hmoh. fari^ masc. «ft8Afliiiil>>i DyTemecTB;Diiii8 — mhoii. 
iHCJi. farar)^ far a (ftsAHTB, nyTemecTBOBarii), sop. far; hog-an^ 
(HM6I. bogi masc. <xjijsxx>; noEasuBaeTCi bi poAnT62BHOH'& iho** 
zecTBeBHarOi iiiDmen ffii ^opim: hoga nhogna)^ ^op* ^Stf 
rjiar. ^^a (rHjTBf corHyTb), npsjiaraT. Uugr (spuBol, carHj- 
thH), caHCsp. sop. Ihu^; skat-an- ( Hiev. skati cn^expnV, bh«3Ii»; 
bl6S*skati ocjQOApnl BpoBWi apojinasii^iB BpoBi»»), mbos. wcjt. 
skat^nar^ sop. skat (coBnaAaer^ ti pyccs. te^ed- bi fi^*jpwtf; 
Ap.-6oir. uiTeA-pi <xmi8ericorsx>); ^m-an- (hmh. gumi raxa^ 
«wjioEiai»i MBOS. nMx. gum-na-r^^fjir. gmn'na)^ Ko^.gum 
( npoHcmeABiiliy BrbpoflTBO, B3'& gam) ysasHBten aa Jiar. Aom-* 
wh hom-o (qejiOBftarb), rAft b% poAVTejiBBOHi OBasHBaeTCfl bccb- 
Ma cxoa^hB cy^M^BKCi: -in: Aomtn-i^*-, ho TppBo, jAvmn bo- 

npOCB, COCTOflTl JCH 8TH CJlOBft A^BCTBBTeJIbHO HI CBJIBB; ^TO CS 

caaeBp. ^an (poaht&) oho ho BBteri HHqero o($niarOy bto bbaho 
(fle CMOTpii fjMB Ha ^OHeTH^ecBie nepexoAH) hs^b JiaTHHCBol ^op- 

BB^ Vh B0T(^0l ($fl CBHCSp. ^ GOOfB!&TCTBOBaj[0 JlftT. ^: ^aH With 

wb fii jiar. JIB. ^opay gen : gi-gno bkb gi-gen-Oj gen-us ' b fl]ib 
c2rojp-an- (bboh. eiropi masc. «.Banu»)^ rjar. driup^a (Bop. 
^'^J!^ flpom* Bf^draupj bhobc ^hgii. drupyum; eyr^an^ (um^u.> 
eyra neotr. <(yxo»)i b aug-an- (flxeB. a«^-a n. «r;ia8iL»y coi^ 
BDaxavn c*b caoTBftrcTfieHHHBB totcb; atisd b aii^d, tobh au6f 



i*i*."^ 



1 Gb Mpjre/^ crepoHU) oxnaMO, vb nojaay o($»iicBewii gam nrb gan wh zmvnh 
m «9o;pff»,.poMffMUi» roiK>BiR!& JOfOMb £/iioiive« aKMH», npo w c in offBee m^ 
'^zamroflres, r^'B KOpeu iamsssgam uponomcjnsaeb gami.cp. Schleicher , Litaoi- 
sche Gramiiu. lMi)< 



67t«ffso'B ^ana. § 56. 157 

7. B^ MTOBCBom muoA eyf^Hsci -an mutrcB vb mnd-en" 
(Hien. vandu «BOAa» — poAirr. vandkns)^ sop. tt({- cancsp. 
uda-ka (hocoboI saysi cBoScTBeHi Toxe ut. iencl-a); rud-m (RieH. 
mel^ <i(Ocem»; pox. rud-hn-s; sop. rtic2| bi BHa^ieHiH ccBpacHtTB», 
cagesp. rudh-ira «BpacH£iV»), ep. xp.'^ioiv. p^Ann ca, puKAii; 
mal-en- (ynoTpe^irejiBHO n otfoporb: tS maj^^n-^ «ci A^TCTBa*), 
iSSt^AIeJcAer, Lit. Granun. 192. 

OsoHviHiB -ana. 

% 56. 1) Bh Q&HCBpHTCSon <8HBft STOTB cy^^HBei otfpasy- 
en cyqecTBHTeiBHUA a aiicBOirEBo npuaraTOJiBHHxi; tI cyiaecTBii- 
TenHmr, Boropna BHpasaDn OTBxeveHKEUi noiatiiii.Horyn eiy- 
SHTb H npeACTaBHTeMMH BeoopexftieHHavo HiBJDHeHiH (wb xa** 
TexBHoxi K npexJEosBOMi oaxesarb). BoHevBHa KopeaeHfl rjiae- 
BHa t I u o($HBBOB6HHO noxJiBiKm uepBR^HOiy nox^aaf (rjet) 
vh i M 6f aoTopHfl nepexi» cjidxyonilBfi riacHoB (a) pasjaraDT- 
ca aa -ajm av {En ai e au); e cpexsia aopeiBHa rjiacBBii 
i E u ycuiBaDTca. IZpHHftpH: cay-ona (co^paaieX ci (eolfapatB; 
caJHma ctoitb bi^cto *cai'ana^*ci'ana); rdd^ana (njannTM^ 
uaTB), Kop. rud (DJiaBan) xp.-<Sojr. i^ux-oth; lep-ana (aasB), 
BOp. lip (aaaaTB); pac-ana (BapeHie, Bapsa), sop. pac (aa- 
pm); dUs-ana (eodiaani nperaateBie,. Baaa), on npaqaHBTOXB- 
Bo8 T61U RopH. du8 {dd^^-f duU) ocrpimHTBX) (opn noAioit bo!" 
penHoi FXRORof dus RsvtHHJocB 6u Vb d6s); siihana (ejyx((a, 
nownHi^), Bop; siv (yBaxaTb); d(p-ana (aaxseRie), Kop. dtp 
((}jecT%TB) — mceaa EopwRaa oerafrTca BeH8v6HH0R>; naj^ana 
(craas'B^, «B«Boxra(Mi»)9 aop. nt (bocth, dpoboxhtb); pd-na 
(nsTBe). H3% *pd^ana^ Rop. pd (hxtb); dtf-iia (xaRBiOy noxaa- 
vak) vn "dd-ana, sop. dd (xaTB); lap-ana (<rporBx>=^<icrOBo>^ 
pinpVft), Bop. lap (roBopRTB), ep. pyccs. 4eii-emam«; dah-nna 
(oroHfra^ropuBlil), icop. dah (ropirrB); dari*ana{(tnf»%^^ «eHo- 
raxftai^ft— BopBoe BRftveBie, e% xtScnHTeiBiOMi cracii, aiipa- 



168 Gy«oisci -am. § 66. 

xaen «BHAJrmiB», BTopoe se,. m CTpaKaTeiBHon: cBvxnidfy 
BHAtHHHff)!)), Bop* daTQ (BHAftTb); bhav'ona (ocxon^ascci^cTO 
npe6HBaHiir)»)y Bop. bM (({getb, npe^HBaTb); hav-ana (sepiBa), 
Bop. hu («sepTBOBan»; havana CTom BiteTO hS-ana); nand^ 
ana (otfpaAyDmil), Bop. nand (otSpaAOBan); vardJhona (jiiho- 
SHTen), Bop. vardh (yvHosan). 

npi eyn^ecTBHTenenn^ iHtomixi OBOBuaie zeHCBaro poxa, 
-ana nepexoAHn vb ^and: ds^^and (cHAtBie), Bop. da (twiin); 
vand-and (zBajieBie), Bop. vand (xBaieTi, npeBosHocHTB); vid^^ 
and(6ojih\ nojf.vid (SHaTB^ysHaTB); gan-and (tmnm^ c^en), 
Bop. gan (cmnn^ jBasHTb); vano^and (otfian^i otfiaflnBarie), 
xop. vane (c(($ji[ysAaTB»; Bpovft vancand fenu jnoTpedjifeTCir h 
vanc-ana ntr.); arc-and («iecTb, osasHBaaie EO^ecTei), sop. arc 
(pazaTb, noqHTaTb); pari-dev-and (ropeBaeie, bodjib), sop. d$v, 
H8i div (ropoBaTBi zaiOBaTBCfl). 

npHiftpH npBjaraTeiBHEirb Ha -ana: oci'^na (maTavQiBciiy 
maTKiH), Bop. col (ABBraTSCjr, hath, maTaTLCB); hrddh-ana (cep- 
AhthH), nar. hmdh (cepAiTBCB); ^al-ana (asuaDoiiS) i Bop« 
^al (oEuraTB, roptTB). 

O&oH^aHie -ani^ Bcrpiqaeioe n BtBOTopsxt cyBtecTBHTeiB- 
BHxi, MOXHO c^BTaTB ocjia6ji6Hi6n 'ana:dharani (cseiM^"" 
«nocBninA)| Eop. dJiar (hochtb); iSip-ani (aecio), Bop« kaip 
((ipoeaTi). 

2) npHHtpB m APOBHO-tfaBTpiHcsaro iiSHsa: frddh^ana (pac- 
BiBpeflie, cnocotmecTBOBaHie), Bop. frddh (pacmipHTB, cnocoft- 
oiecTBOBaTB), cp. cjioshhb: dai^-frddhana (ooxoranntiil OBpy- 
raHX, cnocoimecTByDDiil m pasBHTii)), saitd-frddhana (ycBO- 
pBi>in.iB npio6ptTeBie (SoraTCTBa, CBOco(!cTByi)n(iI exy)« pes- 
ana («cpazeflie»; yooTpetfueTca Tose Baai npaiaraTexBHoe Vh 
sHaqeaiH «BpasAe($HH8x>), Bop.jpes (acpasaTBCii»; IOcth ysaaH- 
Baerb aa par-es «cpasaTBCii», npeACTaBXBDBiee no ero XHtidB 
pacmHpeHBpD ^opiy Bopaa par); vaz-a/na (cyHeceiie, yaeae- 



oiftftisoi -ana. § 66. 159 

Bie» — Kb dtare-vaaana coroHBQyHOCfloiiS^), sop. vasf=Mwr. 
veh-ere; car-ana (<KHi6TpyMeHn»), Rop. Mr imn^ XBHraTbea)— 
Hanp. vh graoU-carana ( BHCTpyieHTi am noHysaHui ckots, 
poA'b (na), tfysB. ^uncmpyMeHmt nocsymHOcmuy^ (ciOBO, un 
BBAHO| otfpasoBajiocB nyT6B!b CBBBonqecBEn); tipa-dar-ana (ao- 
BpHiie^ saflfBTa), bi^ cI(ii«rM-eepa({arana (asafliBTay rtHb xepeBa») 
sop. dar; ma&th-ana (sBiRBiei m^cto npe^HBaflia) , sop. wit 
(cooABEBTB, ope($HBaTi)); dp-ana (nojiyqeflie), ap (DoiyvflTB, ao- 
CTi^b ic6jib)| cp. ^opBy TBopBT. BBAeza: dpandis acoBoiHi, co- 
BepmeflBOB; ddr-ana (san^BTa), KOp. ctor; t^t^-t^-on^-i (npexJiosB. 
BBA* BeonpeAtJieHBaro BasiOHeBifl on vid: vid'^anii vaocd capo* 
BOBBftqaB, nfQ6'b nu bto 8HaaBi»). 

3) Bi rpe^ecBOBi BSHst OBosqaHie -ana^ BpERBsaDniee bba*^ 
'ccvo'f Bi wcTOBi yooTp6($JiefliB; BCJiftACTBie npBCTaBSB ero si 
rurojifcHHBi BopBaBi (cjitAOBareJiBflo, BcerAa ebbi cy^^Esci Eep- 
be«ibh8) odpasyDTCE cyoiecTBBTejbEua e npEJiaraTejiBBHa; nepBHE, 

6€JIE OHE CpOAHBrO pOAB, BUpaSBDTl mmfi BCOFO EBCTpyEOEn — 

rjiarojibBuI sopeBb bi 6ojibniBncTBt cjiyqaeai Be EOABepraeTca 

BBBaBEE'b E3Etfl6BiflE'b I ficcm-CCVO^ (s^lOSOJiaDfl^il , BJieBeTEHB'b), 

VMS. fioi^Tuclvoi (3JI0CJI0BJID| crJiasHBan); KOTf-ecvo" (aaeB. kott-ccvov 
ntr. cBoxiy Tonopi^), rjiar. xo^-r-00 (6bi), py^Jin), sop. xo^r-; 
yhv<P'ccyo' (MB6BBT. yXv(pccvoy «pi3ei](i, AOlOTon), r.iar. yXi(poi> 
(BHABJitfjBBaDy BHpftsuBaio); 'o^ otvo- (hv. o^yccvov «opy;iiey be- 
CTpyEeBTii opraai^), Kop. p^f/ , rjiar. e^a>- (AftiaDy pafiOTan), 
npom. Bp. F-po^-o^; Bi^y-xvo (eb. dny-cevov a^pycosi, paajipa- 
seaiej^), rjiar. dvfy-tx) (ocTpn, pasApasar); (ni(p-obvo- (RBea. 
9ri(pwos «b1&h6UB| Bopofla»)y mr. ori^ai (Bteqai)); y^xx'ctvo 
(bh. hjx%moif «oropOAEaE 8ejieflb»), rJiar. T^x^^^^ (soflai), bh- 

KaBBBBD); XO'CCYO'^ {HLMVi. XOOCVOff EJIE X006V0V « BJlaBBJibBafl BflB, 

BopoBBa)>) rJiar. %id) (Jbi)); tvijlts^cvo^ (flBeB. ru/^Tro^vov vtfylSflHy 
({apa(aEU»), rjiar. ru^r-r-a^ (6bi)| yAapBi))| Bop* ru^- (on Toro 
xe BopBE| ci Tasfln se osoBttBieBii o^pasoaaflo: ru^r-o^voy 



160 €7««iiK0i -anH. % 56* 

«yAap«»); rpe^MKoAy rxyTt- eooTB%tctBy6M diciip. tup^ ui, 
sa laM'teeflien 0T3tfy^Eiix% cotM^ul^ bi SByUMHr^ ^fi&^ c^. y* 
ABoeHHyi) ^opiy <idun'duhhii> ^ m "dubh'-difbh'i (6apiii($aHi); 
J^X'^^^ (bm6B. k$x^^^ ^yKaeafdttiBCiritAMiiiv^^K^ni kos- 
BO jiH8aTL»X ^^1^ Kelx<» (JKsy), Kop. Ai^-v eaBcs|>. lihf Ap.- 
($ojr. ah^a-th; o^^-ecvc^ {himu o^'-co^off «oeH^oT%ji&I, eiipo- 
A»), Rop. c^^-y cp. JiaT. or&-{i6 (o^HpoMfemiS; Bottnib ^^aBBR- 
Baen c{»^-, Jiav. orh- ei cliB6sp. tfr&A-a « proles^ natas)»); 
U'Tdb-uvd's (HeBftpoaTBBly Beytf'i^AKTejiBBHV), riar. Wda> (yNuK- 
AaD)y sop. ^i^*; %0(^^l^o- (hm6b» %o(^(»iro^ = ^aiiiiS]>)t tiar. 

%i^*-fla (caCO) H8l *%e^-jdl>, sop. %F^-J X^/\|/-«VO- (bM. Ae/\|/flftVO? 
«OCTaTRH^ IOB^B]»), hjll7f(» (OCTaBliI»), EOp. Xl^-j rfChofK^mO' (VK. 

TrXax-osvov ccrioTeBHoe opyjiie, sopaBaa^), riar* ^Ak-o) (njiety). 
Oyn(ecTBHTejBBH< zeaeRnro poAa npHBRiaDn oKOB^aaie ^m^ 
-evil iym) : oiy%'m (ywBM , BBctJiBKa) , r jar. ay%(» (*yBiy, 
lyqy), cp. cancsp. anAii (yBBiB), jrar. a/ngustus^ xp**<(oJkrapcR» 
x^-itl; i^'dvfi (cnoRpoBBTejiiBBiia pa6eTi» — HsBepBa), Kop* 
fefy^i o^K-civfi (aaropoxsay orpaAa), Rop. 1^, cp. ?^-o^ (orptAR, 
wtTOROjii), — jar. arceo (aaBipan^ aaiimaiD); ^i-ovn (yxobon- 
cTfiie)) Rop. cci-^ cf. dvi'dm (BpasjttcB, paXyto)> Bp<nn; cob. 
e-oi^'^} osv'oiffi (aacyxa, cyxoen), rjiar. eA^ (B8caxa»X ^^'^ 
(cyxol); ^ric'dyifi (a^xeBEaa Rpyna^ BwebuHV AeRORn)i fiaf. 
'7(rl<F(T» (({epy, o^flqai) nieflft, Boejii)); aiMTf-oiyn (jioRaTai lo* 
TBEa), (noccTt-r-^ (pei>, rodrd), ROp# mu^-y {ivK-eiyti (T)>y($a)y 

Rop. /3uie- (BByROPOApasaTe^BBHfl) , Cp. inJ^T. hm-ina (BoeBBas 
Tpy<{a)| huoe-a {t^eu, RpaayBi^ (SojiTyB!b). 
npaitpH BpBJiaitiTBiikHBxi Ba -dcvo" (aport Bsme-HpiiBeAeB- 

BBXl): eJ^-jxyo* (bhBD. lAtvoV ttCltCTBoB, CXaARiSx))^ ROp^ ii- 

(ten)^ caacRp. od; itc^ecvo-g (A^traTorafiB, cirdcotfBHB) , Kop. 
iV, riar. k^-yhfica (npakoxyi AOCTflraDj yvojiaD); (ykr-cbvo-s 
(sapeBHi) eyflieHaS), rnr. o^r-dn (aaptt, cymy); i^avos 
(wo Hosflo Bapan)) nar. 94/a>, ^|4ai (aapi))* B% BMiBOfoqaciOH- 



oyftAHBGi 'Urna. § 56. 161 

BOiy paBpflAy ciOBi eii BTopocxeneHHuxi cj^^^hkcom -ana npii- 
BaAJi<)san cjt^yDii^iii: t^^-xvov (ciAUHme, Jioze, noxnopa), on 
%i'qob (c*AaJHme), Kop. iJ-, (f^-oixoos (ca»ycb) — hbi "i^-jeixccs, 
csp. sad; Kfl/iecvo^ (iieqb a^vb cymeHui meaa) — K^idif (AqxeoB); 
BoT'ccvfi (sopHi, TpaBa)y orb iSorof (sopMBuB; jSoroy vsopiijeH- 
hhI CBorb»)^ ROp. Bo'i o-^Aifvif {(re?Jcvcc orjiyaa)!) =" «($jiecKOKi 
OAapeHBEHft), ona^Ao^^ (cBtn, ($jiecK'b), cp. caHcsp. svar (Be($o). 
Oti BeHSBicTflBxi HJiH TeHBHxi DO npoHCxozA^Hii) BopHoB otfpaso* 
bahb: (icicxvoff (apotfaHB BaveHb, BCBymeflie^ vyqeHie), yi^-mos 
(«sypaBjib, .aHCTi^); sop. ye^- uftpoflTHo npoHcxos^Oiik bbjso- 
BOApazarejibHaro, h nanoMBBaerb riar. yfi§'v» <xnoi), roBopD*, 
eaflcsp. ^ar—c( sonaren; ov^wos (aet^o), Bonai h Beaj^efi (Bopp^ 
Oloss. 851, b) OTHocBT'b cvAa caacBp. vars (plaere), cpaBsi- 
BBA BTorb sopeBb ex e^ff'fi (poca, Biara). 

4) Bb jaTflBCKOH*b BSHEt OBOHqaflio ^ana noA^iBBBJOCb oeia($- 
lOBio B% -ina, BOiopoe npacTaBueTCii bi cjioBBM'b Bepaaqaaro 
H BTopB^aaro oSpasoBaflia; boao6bo6 ocjiaQjieBie, TOJibBo bi Apy- 
rofl rjacfloBy OBasHBaeTCii b bi caflcsp. -am. IIpBitpii obob- 
ttaia -ino' (-ina) saai oepBOCT6B6Bflaro cy^^aaca: dom-iriO' 
(Biefl. dominua «roeEOABB'b, BMAftTejib*, codera. <KycxBpaK)n]iiB»), 
riar. dom-are (ycxapBTb)— (jomnnti^ hosbo oabbbo BpoBSBOABTb 
H oil dom-us (aohi), b B'b Tasoxi cJiy^aik -ino- aojisbo 6u 
CTBTBTb cy4)$flKC0H'b BTopocTefleBBHHi; fU'tna (naAeaie, nora- 
(iojib, otiBan), Bop. ru', rjiar. ruere (otfeaABBaTbca); pag-ina 
(cTpaaai^a), Bop. pag^ cp. ^pagere^pang-ere (yBpftBiflTb, b6b- 
Barb — rp. myyv-fjn); coqu-tna (aoBapBBy syxaa), war. coj- 

i 

uere (Baparb, crpauaTb); sarctna (CBasBa, ysejii), vjL.sarc-tre 
(qaflflTbi BonpaBjiBTb); rap-tna (paaCofi, Ao(uqa) , rji. rap-ere 
(rpatfBTb, BoxBBiaTb); fod-tna (atcTO bukojkb qero-BflfiyAb, BOBb), 
rjar. fSd-ere (pHTb, BOBarb); cul4na (noaapaa), on Teiaaro 
no BpoBcxosA^BiD BopBH ctd-; far-tna (xyaa), Bop. far. 
Biopaqaim oBasmBaoTCB cy^^^HBci -ina n cjibAynqBrb cio- 

11 



162 oyoABBoi -ana. § 56. 

Baxa>: regina (sopojieBa), on rex=reg'S (iiapB, Bopoib); pise* 
tna (pfi[({HHB caAOB'B, npyA'B), on pisc-ia (pH((a); tonstr-tna 
(i[Bp]DJiBHfl) oTi tonsor (6paAo($p%9, uEipiojiiunKi), raar. tend- 
tre (cTpa^b, (JpHit); gdl-tna (sypRiia), 0T^ gall-us («DtTyxi», 
Bop, ^^ad, HJiH ^ar, lahi-^TO gdllus ctohtx bm. *^a(i-{tf5 
HJiH ^gar-lus; hi tomi h jipyrom cjiyqai^ Ropens nojReT'b ($nTb 
TOJiKO 8ByKoao;ipaxaTeiiBBnH; JtaTmncs. gailis^ jihtobcb. guides; 
;ip.-H4M, nahti-gda «C0Ji0BeH» = <i(HoqHoH ntBeiix»); cort-tna 
(8:01611, KpyrjinH cocyA^)— cort-ea? (m. & f. otKopa, CKopjyna»); 
fisc'ina (ueTenHax uopsufla j[,m ujioaobi) on ToasAecTBOHHaro 
no SBaqeiiix) fisc-us ; discipl'tna (ycrpoBcTBO, nopujioBiy nayRa), 
H8X *d%sc%piA%na, on disdpvilus (yqeiiBKi)^ rjar. discere (y^HTb* 

cb). 

6) Bi roTCROMX flSHBib OKOHqanie 'ana aBMerefl vb coRpa- 
nieHHOMi BHAt Bi -any opeACTaBjAionieKi oBOHqanie BeonpeAiJeH- 
Haro: TaBHui o($pa30Hi» cooTBtTCTByen roTCBOiiy bind-an (cbjt- 
SHBan), caHCBp. handh-ana (Bop. handh^ AP«-($ojr. ba:;-oth — 
Hsi ^and-j-atiX vairfh-an (cTaBOBHTBca, CAtJiaTBCir, Rop. vardh)^ 
caecRp. vardh'O/na^ qim-an (ophatb), caacRp. gam-ana (qim- 
BpeACTaBAflen aacTOflniiB RopeBB: gam^ H3»iHeHBH9 bi r.BoeS 
rjacBoB^ cp. AP«-Qiv« quSm-an, HopACS. kom-a, anrJio-caRC. 
cuin''an)y hair-an (hocth, pojiHTb), Bop. 6ar, caecRp. hhar- 
ana (jiaT. /er-, rpei. (ps^-) Bop. hhar; qith-an (roBopHTB, csa- 
saTB), cancRp. sop. katk (pascRassBaTB); sU-an (cBAtrh), cancnp. 
sadana^ Rop. sad, sb,i. sed-ere^ ex BSHiHeHHOK) EopeHHOx) Mac* 
HoB nf.-6o]L?. civai&th; vrik-an (npecjitAOBarB), caacsp. varg 
(« BCEJiio^aTB, TepiiTB»; cp. cymecTBHT, t;r^-ana <i(rptxx»— «qero 
AOJisHO Hs^iraTBto), nepBoaaq. *varg^ Ap«-($ojrr. EpnTL; sktub-an 
(TOJiaaTB), Rop. skub' (cp. qemcR. skuh-ati), cooTBtTCTBORHHS . 
cascRp. RopeHB ecTB ksubh, vh Roroposi ycMarpifBaeTCii nepe- 
ciaBOBBa BaiiajBBHXX corjacBBiX'B; beit-an (aycarB, yBycHTB), 
Bop. bit^ caBCKp. bhid (pacRaiuaaTBi pacn^enjaTB); greip-an 



07«4>nBGi "tma. § 56. IffS 

(aaxBaTHBaiB, DolMaTb), caHCSp. grdbh- (sa BsaycsoMi h: grah, 
wb ROTopom HHorjia H a cspaAHBaeTCfl: jrr%-a «AOfti»>); bitig-an 
(rHfTB, crii6aTi>) sop. bug (aponi. Bp. haug, paeeo sasi ot<b 
sA;iu&-an — sA;aw6^, caacEp. hhu^. OaoHqaaie -^aw Bi HeonpeAt- 
jeHHoai, conpoBOXAaeuoe bi ^peBHiB nepiOAi* pacioHpemeMX so- 
peHHo8 rJiacHoBy cooTBiTCTByeii uepeoHaqajibHOMy -ajana (jana), 
Hanp. fuU'jan (HanoJiHiiTi>), jpeBH. pdr-a-jana^ Kop. par (caecsp. 
jpuru « bojihhH); t;aZ-yan (BH^BpaTb), nepBoea?. j^opiia: vdrajana^ 
caecsp. var (BnC^HpaTb), cp. ji,ip.'6oAu boahth, jiar, vel-le (03*5 
\ol're) Kop. vol-: vol-Oy rpei, i3ou\-€(rdflc/; vas-^aw (oA*BaTb), 
nepBona?. vda-ajana h op. ^opvi ex TeaoB -a^a (^=an^y npoA- 
CTaBjaioniHX'B qncTUfl cyn^ecTBHTeJbHHtf, bi roTCROH!E hbuk^ nin. 

6) Bi HopACsotti flssKib OKOHqame -ana en^e dojame cospa- 
s^eno, ^"bH^ bi roTCSoH'B^ BciiACTue Bunycsa cjora ^na, Tas'b- 
^TO SDaKOHi HeoDpeA^6HHaro ocrajiocB oaho a : ber-a (HecTH)^ 
roTCB. bair-an^ Kop. bar h31 bhar; bind-a (B^saxB), verd^a 
(cTaHOBBTBCHt GAtJiaTBCfl), Tcom-a (c(npHXOAHTB», roTCff. qim-an)j 
HacT. Bp. hemj npom. Tcom ; vit-a (sHaTB), sop. vid (md-ana), 
mun-a (noioHTB) rsi ^man-ana ; sttg-a (atfABBHaTBCfl) , aop. 
stigh (stigh'ana)f roTCB. steig-an. FacmepeiHoe osoH^aflie -ja 
sroTCB. jan: set-ja («noioxiaTB, BJiacTB» npom. setti) hbi ^sdd- 
a-jana^ totcb. satjan (nocaAHTB) h up*- 

7) B^ JiBTOBCBoui 4i3HBt -ana o(Spa3yen h^cbojibbo cyn^er 
eTBBTejibHuxi seHCBaro po^a; Apyrifl, tfojiie ejih lOHte B3ii- 
HeHHHH B'B CBOHXi FJiacflim, OBOH^anU cyiB -ina (inas)^ — yna^ 
'dna- (ynas — onasjj npnHaAJiexaii^ifl B'B (JojiBiBBHCTBt cjyqaoB'B 
Bi lenaMi BTopocTeneuHEiub : dov-anh (aoAaflHie, noAapoBi), hb'b 
BopeBHaro dau^ npeAcraBJiaiDiitaro pacmBpfHuyi) ^^opiiy BopH. da^ 
HeonpeA* c2t<-^i (abtb); (dh-ana- (etaeH. alkanas) ^rojiOABuB^yCp. 
Ap.'6ojir. OAi-KOTH, axhir-^j pyccs. OAK-amh (jhtobcb. dlh-U)^ 
nepecTaBJieBBHfl BopeuB lah OBasabaoTCJi vi AP--($ojir. AflKOirL, 



164 oyftAHBCb 'cma^ -trnt. 66 --67. 

Oy^^Hse^ 'inas njireTca nepBH^nsRi wh hruv-inas (spoBS- 
bhU)^ sop. Tcru, cp. Jiar. cruor (spoBB^ Ap.-($oir. K|^Uk)y jihtobck. 
hraHjeSy rpeq. KqluSf fotck. hraiv-a; BTopocTeneHBBVB bi duJc" 
S'ina-s (sojiotoB) oti duJcs-as (sojioto); dyv-ina-s (cTpaeHHl, 
yAHBHTeJibHHR); OTi eyqecTBHT. d^-as (ahbi, ^JAo), sop. dyv^ 
cancsp. div (($j[ecTftTB)--TtHi> se nyrevi otfpaaoBaHO HApeBHO- 
6ojr. AHB-bH*L (qyABHBy qy^ecEHfl), ta± -lni ocjiadjeRO bsi 
'inO' ina; -dna-s (aja cymecTBHTenQEixi xeacsaro poAa -onh) 
iiBJiaeTca nepBRquHin cyj^j^BKcou'B bi voUd-dna-s (BJiaAtTeib, 
i^apb), OTi f aZ(f-2/^i (uapctBOBaUy BjaA^TB), sop. t;A2(2«, CJiaBAHCK. 
BiUA- cp. xp*-<{oj[r. BAOA-dpb <BjaAtTeJib), BAOA'ATH, roTCK.MZ(2*an, 
Hi^M. troZ^-en (nepBOHavajbBHl BopeHb tiuji RipoHTHO vardh-); 
-on& Bi jm-ond (seeniBHa, seaa) bbi *iam'Ona = *gam'Ondif 
Kop. ^ain»»^an (ex)Aa-ze OTBOCRTca, do Bce9 BftpoaTHOCTV, lar. 
gem-^no-^^ uen. mb. gem-ini c6jrB8BeiiB») — HsnftBeBie BOHeqaofl 
BopoBHoB corjiacBoB n bi m otfiBCflaeTca pacnoAotfieBien: ras's- 
BaRX Bi obobudIh BCTpiwdTca n, to BopeHHoe n nepemjo b'b 
m, npH nevh BopeHHaa rjiaeHaa BHnyoieHay to wo Tas^, bbbi bi 
ApoBfle-tfaBTp. znu (sortflo), cp. caacBp. gdn-u. 

'in6 (-yne) ecTb cyj^Hsc^ nepBB^HHB h npHCTaajiaeTca si 
cyn^^CTBBT^JibflHMi 2BeBCEaro poAa: ^im-iii^ (covoBctbo, npoHCxox- 
Aenie), sop. gim=gam, rjar. gim-ti (poahtbcb); kng-inS (ma- 
raBie), rjiar. zeng-ti (maraTb), sop. Inng^ cp. pyccs. uLa%%;. 
pa-dar-ffni («DocyA8»| co((ctb. «cAtAaflH06)»), Kop. dar (liiaib). 

OBOfl^ABiE -ant (-nt). 

§ 67. 1) Gy^^^HEC^ -ant (hie -ntj TaRi-Kasi a BBnajraeTi 
Bi BopHflxx^ osaHqHBaioniHZca ea rjiacHsa) otfpasyoTi vh^ ean- 
cBpHT'b npHqacrifl AtBctBHTeJibHaro sa^ora BacToan^aro h bcuobo- 
raTOJibHaro ((yAymaro BpevoHH; spoMt Toro ecTb r Tasie cjryvaH, 
vfi!k -ant npRCoeARHaeTca as xapasTopRCTHBt crpaAaTOJibHaro sa- 
Jiora 'ja. npi otfpasoBaaiR AMcTBBTeJibHaro npHqacTia BacToa- 



oyAftHKOi -ant bi oahosp. § 57. 165 

aiaro bpomohh rjaroxBHoe BopHH DOABepraDTCJi rtHi-se 06o($efl- 

BOCTilHl, EOTOpUfl eOCTEBjIADn npHHaAieSHOCTB OTAiJBHHX'b 

AecurH paapAAOBi; wb jABOOHHaxi sopHax^B -ant nepexoABTB b^ 
'Ot, narul paspaA^ (rA'b Ki narojibHBa'B sopHaHi npacoeAB- 
Haerca 'nu) aiieii oaoHqaaie -nvant (asi ^nwant, ewr. 
nvan): tud-ant^ (yAapaooiiSy TOisaD^iS), sop. ttMl; bddh-arU-* 
(npotfysAaDqiff, 8ait<iaDii(i8), sop. biKlh (ei rjHoB Bi sopea- 
Hol rjacHot: b6dh); vas-ant- (sflByiiiifl)i hioh. vas-an (no- 
CJiftAHaa conacaaa OTtfpacHBaeTca, Tasi-Baai nnfk corjiacHHa h% 
Koni^t H6 TepnaTca), sop. vaa; arh-ant- (aacJiyxiBaDoiiH), sop. 
arh; gdhh-ant-' (tfjocTan^iS, (SaacraTajbHuH), Bop. gubh; dvis- 
ant- (HeHaBBAaoiiiB), reaa cjia($uxi naAezel dvis-at-, sop. di?is 
(aeaaBaAtTb); muh-jant (cnyTuaaDqiSi cxyntaD^iH), sop. mtth. 

Ilpaitpa aeiipaBa.ibHUX'b ^opav. ghn-atU" (yi^BBaDn^iS, yAft* 
paDB^il -flxea. gknan), sop. han (sopeaaaa riacaaa Buoaaa, 
a aai^To asaiueaaaro h o(SaapysaBaeTca nepaoaaqaiibaod gh); 
s-ant (cooTBtTCTByeri aaT. 'Sens bi prae-sens « npacyTCTByo- 
mfi»f db'Sens «0TCyi*6TByi)uiili>) aatcTo ^'as-ant, sop. as ((aib); 
tisth'Ont' (cToaniiH) OT'b sthd (cToarb). 

Bi ^opaaxb au)acsaro paia Bxtcro -^anti aajiaeTca aaorAa 
-^(Ut (apaBHJibao bi ^opaau yABoeHHUxi, npauaAiesaa^Hxi k^e 
Tpeneiy paspaAy rviaroaoai): ^-hv-att (xepTByDn^aa), sop. hu 
( sepTBOBBTb); bi-hhr-att (uocaqaa)^ aop. &Aar; gd-gr-att {^x^- 
laaa) orb gdgar; Taai a vas-att ( apeOHBaDniaa), m-car-att 
( pacxaxBBaDBiaai ABaraDqaaca ) oti vas^ vi-car h np. Osoa- 
qaeie npaqacTia 6yAyu^aro apeaeaa ecTb "Sjant hb'b -'Osjant (on 
lopaa as «($aTb»; cp. Bopp^ Erit. Gramm. d. Sanskr. Spr. 
Berlin, 1868, 811; Benfey, VoUst. Gramm. d* Sanakr. Spr., 
Leipzig, 1862, 402, § 870); b% aopeaaoay as npacooAiaaeT- 
ca ja: dd-sjant- (asi "dd'as-ja-ant')^ cp. rpeq. idaoyr- (tTora, 
KOTopaV Aftcn»» ^idaturus^). 

npaitpH opiwiGTia aa -joaiU^ ynoTpetfiaoxaro bi> CBHcaft erpa- 



166 " cyftonBCE -anU % 67« 

AaTejTBHOMV. A;rl-yanif (TamHMGiB, racsaeMHi), reia cj[a($HXi na- 
aexeB: Jfcrs-yat, Bop. hirl; dfQJant- (drg-jat- «BHAHaHff, npH- 
KtqaeHHB^ aaMiTHHHx))^ Rop. darg^ (BnitTb): ct jant (co^npae- 
mhB) ci DpoAOJ7.enHOH) KopeBEoio rJiacHoB, sop. ci (co($Rpan) h 
Dp. El ^^opiiaH'b 8Toro npeqacm (Ha -ant) HIjieBxep'b (Com- 
pend. 465) otbochti h ragata (cepetfpo, 6imf.). Kop. rdg 
(x^jecTtTi)!)- vh TasoMB cjif^at ragata, bi ^opiit npBqacTiJi 
BacTOflBiaro BpexeBH, SHaquo 6u ^^Aecmsuneei*). 

2) Bi ApeBBe - ((aBTpiBcBoiii bshrI o6pa30BaHie npnqacTia ci 
OBOH^aBieBi -ant (ant) coBBaAaeii c% cbbcicpbtckhmi, ho ot- 
CTjoaeTi OTb Hero BBona BciibACTBie ociatfjieiiiH aaxoABniaro- 
CB Bi osoHqaHiH 'O (b n Hop'bABO onycRaeTCB): qar-ant (tiB- 
DiiB), qar (tcxb- bhhht. nai^. gar-eife-em^; car-ant («HAyn(iB» 
Biarai)niiB» — -poABT. mbo^. jpara-careis^am anpiixoAflniBxi»)y bi 
^blohcb. poA% cartiiji (B;iyn(aB| ABHranniaBCH = <(jKeBaiBHa, a'^- 
ByniRax^); maz-ant (a^oJibinoB*), sop. ma;er=caHCKp. ma% (pa- 
ctb), BMen. AP*-<$aKTp. npaq. ma^a (csp. mahant- <K($oj[BmoBD); 
vindarit (noJiy^aioniiB, BaxoABmiB), Bop. vid (<xno.iyqaTE>»; 3-e 
iBit* HBCT. Bpev. vindditi <co^'b no.iyqaeTi»y caiiGBp. vindati); 
ipaojant (ocBaTpBBanntiB, ^ABHiiB), sop. cpag^^spakf cp. jibt. 
SjpeC'Ulari; toti-so cbbhB KopoBB HuteT'B b j^opHy ycHJieHBnro 
npH^acxifl: higpog-ant (bi bbhbt. uaA. higpCgentem ); noAO($HaB 
.ycBjieHBafl 4^opua ycBaTpHBaexcB bi hi'smar-ant (noMHBoiiB^ 
BOcnoHHHaDniifl), wax nepBona^r. *5a-5marawi^=*sma-5war-airf- 
(Ap.-^BKTp. Bop. mar coKpameHi, no-BHABaoMj, b31 smarj no 
BHaJoriB caacKp. smar b ynoaanyTaro npHqacTia), hbos. ^bcj. 
Itismarcwftf (« omnibus mentis facultatibus conv<^rsi», Kosso- 
mcz, Dec. Excerpt. 217,2 b 86); rd-res-jant («CBjibH0 ae- 
jiaioniiB pbbbtb^), Bl)p. ras (paHOTb), bvoh. bhok. rdres-jaikd. 
IIpBHtpH npaqacriB oti npBqBHBrejiBHHxi BopfleB: taurvajant 
(xejraioniiB npeoAOJitTB, notiteAaDn^iB ), sop. to«irt;| caBcsp. <urt^; 
fra-grdvaj-a^ (« paseRasBBaDn^iB, B8jiaraK)^iB», co($ctb. «8a- 



oyttftHKoi -ant. § 57. 167 

CTaBiflDiuiB cisniaTBA), Kop. qtu^ vb n^mmmejiwol $opMft 
frdv-aj" (sacTasHTB cjiiimaTB); a-gdcaj-aiit (aieHBT. a gdcaj-d 
«He 3acTaBjiiiR)miB ;qHTbCfl=He yqaiiiifl»)y sop. gac (ywTBca). 
IIpHHtpi npHqacTifl na ^ant b^ SHaqeaiB CTpaxaTOJiBHOMi: athf" 
ant (cMtoaBBHB^ B'bnieBHHB). OTflocBTOJiBHo o($pa30BaBifl axoro, 
npHqaeriii cp. Spiegd, Altbaktr. Gramm.^ 259, § 234. 

3) Bb rpeqecROHi iiSEiBt cooTBiTCTBeBHoe oBOHqaaie ecTB 
-cvr 'VTj a jiJiH seHCsaro poia 'mxrot^ npoHcmeAmee hs'b -ovr-joc 

{ij CAHJIOCB BB JBHUAn^iB SBJKB, a OV ypaBHEJIOCB ov): K07t-T' 

ovr- (hm. KoV-r-w ay^apaDDtiB, TOJiKaDiniB» hsb ^oTr-r-ccvr; 
T MexAy OKOBqaBioHB h KopaeiKB octb SBysi npetfaBoqBHfi), nepBO- 
HaqaJBH. ^opiia: ^kap-ant^ Eop. tcoTt^kap; (pocty-ovt' (ccasjiaiD- 
iitiB€Jix>9 Alien, ^a/v-w), ctoht*b Biicro ^av-i-ovr-, Eop. ^ccv-; 
^euy-ovr- (HiieH. (pevy-oov aCStoaqiB*, jrar. fug-ient- H*eH. 
fugiens)^ nepDonaqajiBfl. ^hug-ant^ sop, (pvy-^hhug^ CBp. 
JAt*i^; Afi^-ovr- (MMeB. A*iV-w ocTaBjwBmiB), Kop. A;?r; ^s^ocTf- 
cvT' (HueH. Be^ci'Trm «cjiyra»), war. ^e^oc^svoo (cjiyay, yxa- 
zHBaio); ye^'ovT' (HxeH. yi^-(vy acTapHKBX)) otb yTpaqessaro bb 
rpeq. asHsi sopHU ytxf- caacKp. ^ar «cocTaptTbCH)>; ycHJieH- 
Baa KopeBHaa ^^opifa flBjiaeTca kb yfi^d^^Kd^^ yti^'^cioo «CTaptx)CB| 
oViaiitbaiOD)^ Apyrie npHitpu Ta^aiB cjiobi, r^t npH osoeqa- 
Bia -c^vr -vr- Re^iBsit ysasaTb na cooirtTCTBeHBue MarojBHEie 
KfpflH, npEaoABTBlIIieBxepi, Compend. 466). HpRMtpB yABoeii- 
BUXB $»pH^: Ti'Bsvr" (aiieB. n-delff anocTaBJraionuBft, poA. 
ri-^ivr-off) Kop. dij-=ci;p. dM; A-Jovr'- (aaeB. (Jit^ouV, «AaE)- 
jiliBi!»9 $opx. xencR. poAa: Jz-Jouo-ce hsb nepeoHaq. ^da-dant^ 
a); Tft'Trt'OVT' (hmcb. Tflitrwy «naAaiomiH») h3B V/-7rffr-oyr-, 
Kop. ^^r- ^of (aaAaTB). 

Bb OTJiflqie ot'b caacspBTCsaro a3SBa, bb rpeqecBOM'B yAop- 
sajiHCB caMOCTOHTOJiBaHfl $opuQ Ji,^fi opaqacTiB aopacTOBB cb 
rbiB-se ofioaqaaiexB -anf -nt: bb ^opuaxi npaqacTiB nepsaro 
aopaera, aau'B to: o^Kou-o-cevr- (aaeH. inwu-c-Ss cyciEraiaBnriBvy 



168 GToftHKoi 'Ont. § 57. 

poji# ajcou-o-ccvr-op, rjiar* dcKov^oo « CJiiimj »), 'Tticrev^a-ccvr^ 
(bhoh. TtKrrev'tT'Ss « DOBftpHBmiS^ BB4bpiiBiDiBi>, poA. m(rrev'(r'' 
avT'OS^ rjiar. 7fi(rr^'0i> «BftpD, AOBtpBH)), xc^-o*-«yr- (hioh. 
Ko'^ctfj poA. xa^/dsvrof ccyAapHBinil^y Kop. xo^-: xpTT-r-o^ «yAft* 
pAi)») H np.; BpoHi osoHqafliji ^ant yciaTpHBaercji eme mraff-' 
qafl 8, npHiHRanniaa si nepBOHaq. KopaiD aa»«tfHn», Tas^B- 
1T0 npaqacTie nepBaro aopHCTa HHteii cbohmi OBOH^aBieiii npH- 
lacTie rjiarojia «6HTb»: os-anf— ran^. J[jiii o^pasoBaBia npK- 
wcTifl BToporo aopflcia, BaopoTHBi, npHCTaBjaeTCJi -ant (-fit) 

£*& npOCTOBJ BOpHD (sOTOpHlI Vb nepBOH'B B6CMa MdCTO OBBSU- 

BaeTca H3MftH6BflHHi): dy-yeX-ovr- (hhob. dy-yeh-oSy cbosb^cthb- 
mSlTf>f soflCB. poA* oiyyBhov(roc)f rJiar. ciy-yiK-hM (<icB08BtB(aD») 
KOp, gar (ayyiM(»=*ana-^ar-y<»^, cp, aanpoT. npBqacT, aep. 
aop,: ccy-yelX'XVT' (bhob. oiy-yelx-ccs)) (pvy-ovr- (bhob. (pvy-df 
aootfixaBBiiB))), opaq. HaCTOJrniiaro apei. (psvy-oovj (psuyof (6%t)); 

qaDB^fln, Kop. A(t/3- H np. 

OsoHqaHie npHqacm (SyAjmaro BpeiesB coBnaAaeri ei caa* 

CBpflTCEBBi: i(»'(TOVr (bH6B. Jlwo-O^y (KTOn, BOTOpHi A^CTl^), 

caHcap. dd'Sj-ant' (flHea. ddsjan); n caaeBp. j^opian spoat 
^8 -ant BBJiaeTca eme npatfaBoqHHff aieveHTi^ -ja (cp. Bopp^ 
Vergl. GramDi. III. 148, § 784); KCTr-a-ovr (aieB. xo\|/«>y, ors 
xogrroD «yAapao»)y Kn-tr-ovT' (bm. ys^^tr-m^ 6jx. Bp. ?^<roo') oti 
Xfltv^avflo (capHBaDCb)- Ai;-^ovr- BHtCTO Acf9^-o--cyr H np. H 
SAicb d Bi oKOflqaBiUy pasHo aaai bi cjioxboki aopacift, ecTb 
npeACTaBHTeiB Bopna -as (6mh). 

HpuMmauie. Bonnt— Vergl. Gramm. IIL 142, § 782 — 
BHCsasBBaerb HBtflie, qio sa cy^^^Hsci npaqaeTia bbot. apei. 
h^ caacspBT. a bi npnoBaDniBXi si Beay ^opaaxi aoizdo 
npEBBHaiB Be -antj aaa^b nouraon HBAiBcaie rpaanaTiaH, bo 
-n{, Taai-aa&'b Bi ^opaaxi kbri-to: abt. am-a-nt-^ d-a^nt- 
H np. a npHBaAiesan oqeaaABo K^ sopaR), a ae ai OKOflqaaiv, 



07«ftHK0!B -ant. % 57. 169 

M JipyroS se CTopoHH a bi hhar-a-nt'^ tud-ant m np, zota 
He npHHa,7Ji6iRHrb »*& sopBi), Rce^iasH He opRHHsaeTi ki okoh- 
WHiD, cocTaBUfl sapasTepncTHqeesyD npHitTy HSBteTuaro pas- 
pffAft FJiarojioBi: ho He eiOTpA Ha Tasoe nHftuie Bonna, BiicTa- 

BjeBHOe HHl Ba OCHOBaBlH AOBOAOBl BeCbia }($ftABTeJ[bHHXl9 BE- 

^ero H6 HimaeTi npBHHHaTb sa osonqaHie ynoMAQjiaro npH^a- 
CTifl -ani BviCTO -nt hjih KpoHt-n^, A^^^f ^^^^ npeAnojiosHM^, 
HTO nepBOHaqajiBHo tojibko -n^ npBCTaBjiBJiocB E^ RopHV), aaei 
ocTanaBjivBaeT^ oaho otSeTOBTOJiLCTBO, hiohho— qxo sopBH, oi&aH- 
^HBaDHiiecir Ha coraacnHiiy hh hoaI) KaKHii bhaoxi ne lorjiH ao- 
DycaaTb HenocpeACTBennoB npRCTaBSB OKOHqaeiH -nf, Tasi-sas'b 
noxo^Boe BaKonjieBie corjiacHuzi bi caHCKparb HeuHciBMo; 
AOJizHo cJitAOBBTejibHo HJIH MacByiD a DpHBATB 8a Bcooxora- 
TejiBBfD H BCTBBoqHyi), HJIH c^HTaTb ee BBysoii, opHHaAiesa- 
H^Hii SI BacToanieHy OKOBqaBin. Bi noisay nocjrbAHflro HBtaia 

rOBOpHTb H TO OtiCTOBTeJLCTBO, qTO RpOHft a Bl CaHCSpHTt BO 

BBJiaeTCH Apyraa mceaa nepoA'B -nj; a TorAa-sasx si KopHD 
npKcoeABHfleTeii ajeHeHTi, o^aHqHBaDo^iKcfl aa nacHyD (u)^ osa- 
BHBaoTca a nepoAi* nt: ci-nva-nt (jun "ci-nu-antj TorAa-BaK*b 
^ci'-nthnt npeACTaBJHjo ((H'^^opuy, AonycsaeHyio SBysoBHHH npa- 
BBJiaiB), str-fw-ant h np. Bi ^opnaxi se, Kasx-xo jar. da-nt-^ 
sta-ns, rpeq. iaroc-vr, J'f/x-vuvr- H noA^y otfiircHiieTCx -nf hbi 
-ant BHoycspMi rJiacnoS au HsfiixaHiii aiHaiH. 

4) h% laTHHCKOH'b B8HK% -aut (*nt) HBHtoHiocB Bi -ent 
(-nt; OKOuqanie HHeueTejBHaro --ens -ns ynoTpetfjifleTcii tfesi 
paBJiHqifl A'H BCbx^b poioBi): pru'd-ent" (ehbh. prtMlens «yii- 
bbI, paseyABTejiBHaBtt), bv. jpro-vident- (sa BBnycsoii rJiacHoM 

i H €2811011 OV Bl 11, BftpOATBO BOCpOACTBOH^b HOBBrO BHOyCEa 

rjiaCHoS o); ah-s-ent- (hh, ahsens «OTcyTCTByDDiiB»), prae-' 
s-ent' (praesena «npHcyTCTBynn^i8D) hsi ^db-es-ent, ^prae^es-' 
^ent Kop. 68" («6HTb»| csp. as)f Heonp. e^-^e; fer-mlr (ho- 
CHH^S), cBp. Vhar-mt^^ sop. /er, cap. Mar; am-ant- (omans 



170 cy««HEoi -ant. § 57. 

«ji]o6AQi!l»), sop. am (tfsTb loseri m *kam, cp. caBCSp, ham 
«jiE)($iiiTb»); ed-ent' (km. edens <icftjijiiiii8»), csp. ad-ant-^ sop. 
ad, cp. Ap. -tfojir. HA^KuiT-HH («4A«maH»)— j-ad-ons«-i;a; 
jung-ent' (hm. jung-ens «coeAHHflDn;iB»), Kop. j'w^f (^'w^-a*it)j 
CKp. 7««^; reg-ent- (hm. reg^ens ffi(apcTByK)ii^i9»X ^si ^ag-ant^ 
CKp. Kop. rd^; viv-ent' (viv-ens (cacHByniilD), H3i *^ttit;-ant«* 
Vit;-an<-i csp. ^'{t;-ant-. He p^Aso TaEU cJiOBa DpHEHHanrb 
SHaqeflie npHJiaraTejibHEixi, HHorAa h cyutecTSHTeJiBHHXi: can- 
sequ-ent' (dMen. consequens <i(npBjiBqHuB)», ccoTBtTCTByDniB)^ 
rJiar. sequi (cJiAOBaTb): dilig-ent- (hv. diligens «bphj[6shh8»), 
B8i *di8'leg'entf rjiar. di-Ug-ere (pastfifpaTb, i^iBHib); dec^ent-- 
(nil. (Jecens <xBpHCToBflHBy flaAJiexaQi9»). sop. elec, cp. e^eca^ 
(opHCTofiflo, roAaTCJi, apBiBquo); ac-cid-enU (hi. accidens aciy- 
uB») H8i W-cadl-6nf- Kop. cac2 (naAaTb) h np. Corja^ao cb 
rpe?. yi^m (ciapHK'b)^ Itc-ciy (Ao6poBOJbasB) n np. ecTb h bs 
jiaTBHcaGH'b Baaat Tasia cjoBa cb' OBOHqaBieM'b -ent^ KOTopnx'b 
cooTBiTCTBeflHHe BopflH BRmiiB H8b yBOTpetfjOBia: frequ-ent* 
(bii. frequens aqacTuB, qacTO cjiyqaioniiBcfl^); rec-ent- (cateiB^ 
bobhB) b Bp. 

EciiB KX OKOflqaflin -ant (ent) npiCTaBiaeTca -ja (-ia)^ to 
OBO Hrb BpoqacriB odpaayerb cooTbtTCTBeflHna cy^ecTBBTejibHHH^ 
ci BflaqeBieBi BOBBTiB OTBJieqeBBUX'B: ah-s-tin-entAa (eosAeps* 
BOCTb), HBb ^ah'ten-ent-ja; s ho hhoo mo, RaBi» BCTasaa 6s9lvo^ 
BByqHaa (paBHo KaiL^b aa-np. BTopoe s bx san-s-hrta ayRpamea- 
BuB, coBcpiflOHBEiflx)), a KopoBb teti^ BCJitACTBie ocJiatfjeHiH, 
H3B'bnBjicB b% tin (cp. ar-rigo ocnoARHiiaiDy o($oapbh»» B3b *ad' 
reg-o^ as-sidum <KnnBjicsBLiB» b3i> ad^sed-uus b up.); afflu^ 
ent'ia {mzoCuLm) hsi adflu- (aop. /Ztf=csp. plu anjaaaTbo 
Ap.-(!ojr. niioy-THy aacn Bp. haob-x bjie niioy-K); constant-^ 
ia (boctobbctbo) En "cum-stant-ja, Kop. sta (cToarb); doqu- 
ent'ia (BpaCBoptqie), loquar (roBopio), aop. lah; ar-rog^ant* 
ia (cBoeBOJbCTBO, Ba;vKeBHoeTb), lai "ad-rog-ant-ja 'togo (npo- 



Gy4>«nKGi 'ant. § 57. 171 

my, cnpamnBav); deg-ant-ia (HsamecTBo) — dig^o (BW(5Hpaio), 
Bop. leg; magni-ficent-ia (BeiHSoitnie, nnniHOCTb) bb'b ^magno' 
fac-ant'ja, Kop. fac (AiJiaTs); lic-ent'ta (bojth, Heo6y3AaHHOCTi), 
sop. liCf Bi CBflSH cb Ap.-()Ojrr. Ai^i& (licitam). 

ECTb TSKXe BtCROJbKO CJO^eCTBHTeJIbRHX'B, otfpaSOBaHHHXl ^0- 

epeACTBOvi cy(I)$HBca -anf, KiBOTopo»y enie npncoe^i^HOHJioci* a: 
^ento'. wh HHeRBT. entum: ungu-ent-o- (iiHefl. unguentum 
«»a3i>») rjiar. unguere ^^ ungere (nasaTB, HaTupaTb uasBK)); 
carp-ew^o- (hmcb. carperdum «KOjieCHJma, Tejrbra»), uar. carp- 
ere (b% SHa^eHiB ^npoxoAHTb^ npot3xaTi>»: ^carpere itery>); 
arg-ent'O* (bhoh. argentum (ccepe($po», sop. arjf npoHBomeji'b^ 
Bw4.l.CTBie nepecraBOBKH hsi ra^, cancKp. rdg «^jrecTtTb»). 
BcjitACTBie npHCTaDSH TorO'xe oKonaniir ( ent-o) K^ cyn^e- 

CTBHTeibnUMl, SI ROTOpUVb Bl TaSOHl CJiy^at 0(>£lRHOBeBBa 

npncTanifleTCfl yHeHbniHTejbHoe -ul- ('oh)^ o6pa3yeTCfl paspHAi* 
npHjaraTCiBHEixi BTopocTenesHnxi: turb-td-ent-O' (hh6h. turbu^ 
lentus <ic6e3noBoifBuH, BSBOiHOBaiHHBx)), on turba (CMjmeHie, 
TpeBora); esc-ul-ent'O- (citcTBoH), on es-ca (nnma, flCTBa), 
Bop. ed (tcTb); pidver-ul-ent-O' (itorphthB oHJibD), pulver- 
(Huen. ptdvis masc. «BHJib»); vi-ol ent-o^ (cHJibBuSy Bacujib- 
CToeBHBif), OT'b vi'8 (cH.ia, BacHiie). 

5) Bi roTCBOMi flBBS'b OKOflvaHie -ant ijepexoABTi bi -and? 
(b-b HKenHT. najeat -and-s): qim-and- (niieH, gim-andt-s <KupH- 
X0AHmiH») H3i ^gam-antf gim=CKp. ^am (cp. ntveii. X;omm- 
end); biug-and- (crat^aDQiB) H3'b ^ug^ant-^ rjiar. hiug^a (bi 
flacT.)i i^M^ (bi npom. Bpem.)! sJcaid-and- (<(padA'&^iflK)miBx») 
H3i nopBonaMajibBaro *8A;£'d?-a^^5y HacT. Bp. skaid-a^ Bop. sX;i(2, 
eaHCBp. c%u{; sUpand (cnHiiiii8), Bop. 8Up=slapj cp. AP^-t^oir. 
ciURi; dail-ja-nd' (ia^A*iia»miB) hsi rfar-aja-n<-, Bop. dar; 
gih-and' (<KAax)niiS»; HiieTi toso sBaqeaie cymecTBHTeji&Baro 
«noAaTejib»), Bop. gab. GoAa npeHaAJiezaT'b h Tasifl cjiobh, 
BOTopHH no aaa^efliD uepexoAnn b^e BaTeropiD cyqecTBHTejib- 



172 oyftftHKoi -ant. § 67. 

BHxi: ffj-and'S («Bpari, H6npiflTejib»| cotfcTB. «H6HaBHj(iin(iIx>) 
on TJL. fio^an (HeaaBHAtTB) — Boom (Oloss. 242, a) jkebh- 
Baen Ba BeAaH«i. jpJi, im BOToparo vi cascBp. cjob. BfiTJiEBrsa 
H PoTa (ly. 746) BCTptqanTCii SBaqeBiic «6paHBTB, ocitH* 
BaTb, otfxoAHTbCA CI npe3piBiexi»; fiig-6nd'S (xpynf npi'- 
T6Jib), sop. fri^ rJiar. /r^/dn («jD6BTb, i^iOBaTb, jacsoBO otfxo- 
jiHTBcirx)), csp, prt^ AP*-<$oir. npHUTH, OTTjAa npHnreAk. Hs'b 
ckjiobohU nn'h cjeobi jracTBjen, no si osoH^aBii) ant (and) 
npHcoeAHHfleTCfl eme -an (bi seHCson po^i -:;an)> cp« /r^*- 
ond-ans (bhob. ijih bhbht. mhos. vcji.)f fr^ond-in-a (vxpyra, 
opinrejifl^) poA* oa* nu.; fijand-am (Aar. xHOJiecTB.)» fijand- 
an-s (HxeB. mbox.). OsoEqaHie cjiobi zeHCsaro po^a '-ei aojizbo 
otfMCBHTb B31 nepBOBBq. jd-n 8 (bi HieflHT. na.f.): ^ii-ond-ei 
(ooAaiontaBy noAarejiBflBita) B8!b ^gab-ant-jd^n-s, poABT. gib-and- 
ein-s. ei eoBpamaeTeB HBOPAa h bi i: frij6nd-i (noApyra). Ta- 
Kifl'Xe $opiHy lanoMBBaDB^iB apobbIb opiqacTifl BacTOBntaro Bpe- 
lOBBy jAepzajiBCB H Bi coBpeieBHEin ropxaBCBBX'b BSHsaxi: Bii. 
freund (APyi^)> f^^ (Bpari), aBri. friend^ fiend^ mBOACS. 
fimde h np. OopMa opaqacTiB osasHBaeicB b b'b v-ind (flHes. 
vind'S «BiTepi3i>)y sop. t;a —caBcsp. vd (atBu), roTcs. rjiar» 
ra-i-aiii ap** <Sojir. niiTH; BToiy cooTBticTByen OEOHvaBie -en^-o 
Bi j[aT. vmt'O (ventus= aB'bTepis), TorAa-Kasi vh caflcBp. 
vd'ta (BtTepi) o($EapysBBaeTCii OKOuqaBie crpaAaT. npRqacm 
npom. BpoMOBBi BHtoqaro bbofab h BEaqeaie A^BcTBAteibHaro; 
sth%4a (cTOBBiiB), hhtta (6oHBiiBcB). 

6) Bi BopACBOxi BSHst roTCBOiy -and'- (-and-s) eooTBtr- 
CTByoTi oBOBqaBie -andi (aoropoe CKioBBeTca no otfpasi^y cia- 
6ofl <|^jieBciE npHiaraiejibHHXi: liufi «AoporoB»y ibos. qaci. 
liufu): ber-and^i (flOCBQiS), Jcom'and4 (npazoABmiH), Und- 
and'i (eBii8HBai)ii(i8)| verd^-and'i ( CTaBOBBo;iRcB). Oaoflqaflie 
'-ant nepemjio SAicB wb paspBA'B cy|»$flKCOBi cjiosbhxi, BCJitA* 
CTBie DpHciaBBi n Boiy aiexeira ja (cospan^eflflaro bi i). 



Gy«oiiBOi -ant m jihtobob. a9. § 67. ITS 

7) Bi jrvtoBCROHi jiBBBt oROHqaHie -ant pacnpocTpaHaeTcfl 
Ba opHqacTiir BacToamaro h ($yAyfliaro Bpeieai A^HcTEBiejibHaro 
sajora; $opHa nepearo b& BieBHT. Baxesi ecTB qs (un -ant-s^ 
BOcpeACTBOMi Bunyesa 8y($flofl), xencBiB poxi BOBqaercfl aa -anti. 
#opHH spB^acTiJi ({yxyniaro BpeMeBB soBqavTCB bi MyxeesovB poA'b 
Ba '8§8 (h81 *8j'ant'8)^ bi soBeBon Ba -aefUi (hsi ^sjanti; 
a zxith BcerAa nepeiOABTi bi e). Tiarojo, BilDqie vh aa- 
eT0«Bi6M*b B| eveHH BHtcTO coeABHHTejfcHol TJiacBoS ' a rjiacflyv i, 
DpBAepsBBaDTCii 6JI fl VB BpflqacTiff flacTOiiBiaro BpeiieHH. Ilpfl- 
xtpa: aug-u (pacry), npH?. nacT. Bp. bi dug-tfi («pacTymifl»; 
Bi ApeBBBziy ocotiefiBo ZMyACBHXi BBBraxi BCTptqaeTCB en^e n 
mpeA^ 8, cji^AOB. ati^-an^ BM. nosAHifloiaro aug^q^), sobcb. 
poA* dug-anti^ cp. Jiar. aug-ent- (HHeB. aug-en8 bsi *ae^^-eiit-d — 
leziy o<$ORHH cjiOBaHH cymecTayoTi aautqaTenBafl aoaioriB i 
OTBOCHTejrbno BsnycBa sy^BoS co''jiacHoR);2i2'*^(o<>AHHBfti>BliKeB), 
xeBCB. p. Up^anii (bi ^opiiazi cpeAHBro poAa BBJiBeTCii toabko 
^, TaBi-BBKi BMeflflTeibBul naAexi bo Hiterb ocotfeiaaro npe- 
BflaKa: lip-q)^ aeonpeAtJi. Uptijdeg ^s (ropuniiBy sryqiff),seHCB. 
p. deg-antlf secnpeA* dig-ti (seqs^ rop%Tb), eacr. Bp. deg-U 
(sry), cp. CEHCBp. dah-ant — Hop. dah (ze^B), B^b CBjroBeBis 
npoBBJiiieTCB BpetfaBoqRoe -ja^ cp. d4g'ant\ (bhbbt. bba* hsb 
*dag-(mt ja-m)^ aug ant-^ hbi ^aug-ant-ja-m, Bi BisoTopHX & 
oaAezaxi BJiijiBie sasjiDqaeBaro OBOBqnflieBX -^'a aano otfaapy- 
ZBBaeTCiT h% ciBrqeuiB npeABiecTByDmaro t: dug-anc-^ (bbbbt. 
6ABBCTB. AJTB zeBCR. p.) B31 ^aug^ant-jd-m, dig-anc-^ H8^ 
dah-ant-jd-m, mboz. uca.: d6g^anC'08 (brohit. zeaca. p.) 
Wh *dah'ant'jd8. 

npaqacrie aa -t-^; myl-^ (nUau^ii), aeoapeA. myl'4ti (jid- 
6nh\ Rop. mil^ aacT. apeM. myl-iu (qemcR. mUt^i «ii>6j[1))»). 

UpBqacTie 6yAyaiaro apexeBi: dug -8-^8^ En *aug'8janl-8^ 
zeacR* p. dug'8'entu Ilpocraa oRoaqaaia 'ant a -intf Bpa- 
cnBieaaHR vh RopBi]i«b riaroioBi, BBpazann A^apaqacTia: 



174 oyvonsGi -as. § 58* 

aug-ant (crescendo), lip-ant (noAHHMaacB), deg-ant (ardendo), 
fny^'int (amando) H np, 

OkOH^AHIE 'OS. 

s 

§ 58. OsoH^aHie •as npHCTaBj^excfl o(SHKHOBeHHo s'b npo- 
ciOMy KopHK), H ol^paayeTi ci hhhi cyn^ecTBHTejiBHHfl npeHuy- 
mecTBOBHo cpeAHflro poAa; CDAa-se npHMHsarorB n op^JiaraTejib^ 
Hufl onpeA'bJieHfloK KaieropiH, npoHcmoAiniii TasHiii - so nyreHi 
Bi cauc&pBTCEOM'By ocotfcBHO sc Bi rpeqecKOHi ASHKt. Bi caa- 

CBpBT^, E COFJacnO CI HBHl, H Bl» fpeqeCKOllll flSHKt cynfecTBH* 

TeJiBHHfl Ba -as npeACTaBJiaiDT'b hjih noHAiifl oTBJieqeBBQA, hjis 
Tasi Bas. appeillativa (cpeAHflro poAa), apsjiaraTejibB&H Ba -as^ 
EOTopHfl Bi rpe?. flBSKfi ESodmiyDT'b, HMftm^b 3Ba«i6&ie npisqa- 
CTia HacTOflniaro speieBH. EpoMib Toro bi caHCBpHTCKoni e Jia* 
THBCKOMi flBHsaxi -as ehIoti eme Apyroe, BecbMa aasHoe ot* 
DpaBJieBie: BCJi^ACTBie npECiaBBE ero &*& rjiarojiiiHOHy KopHio e 
npBHopoBKi ero z'b ESBiCTBoB oaAexBoM j^opnt odpaayercE Be- 
onpeA%-36Hfloe rjiarojoB'B, xota bi caflcspflrb TasiE ^opEH orpa- 

BE^EBaDTCE flSBKOU'B BeAaEqeCBEHl. B'b UpEBeAeBBUX'b ciy^aflxi 

-oa Brpaen, ci^a*! Tasyn-se pojE, Has'b -an vb totcbohi £8ast» 
npOHCxosA^nie aioro cy^l^^EKca, no BceB b%poethocte, cocto-^ 
m hi CBBBE ci rjrarojuLHUHi Kopsen -as ^=^ ^6uThr> (Bopp^ 
VergL Gramm. IE. 272—273, §§ 854—855); laKoe SHaqe- 
Hie oKoaqaBifl -as o^^ecbejio 6hL e OTBJieqeBBOCTB BHpaseHiE 
EHOFBxi o6pa30BaBHBX'B BocpoACTBOEi BTOFO cy^^BKca cynj^ecTBB- 
TejubBuxi; TaKBHi o($pa3oxi» cH-as^ npoflcxoAflnnee oti Ropa. Ut 
(jyEBTB), Biia^sT'B co6cTB. «pa3EHfli4eBie, tffiTie, cyTBi^ e np., 

TO-eCTB «BHC.1B» B T. A- 

1) B'B caflCT:pETt 'as, sorAa ujmzrh BBpaaieaieHi aeonpe- 
AtJieoHaro (tOwIbko b'b BeAaflqecBOvi flaHB'b), cxaBETCE bi ab- 
TeiBBOX'B naAexi, pa^Eo ebk^ AarejBBHB oaAesi opocTHX'B sop- 
nefl aacTynaeTi (lose bi BOAaEqecK. ESHB'b) ntcTO Toro-xe aa- 



GyVftHECb *a5 Bl GiHORP. 418. § 68. 175 

uoBeHia: -as nepexoABn cjixoBaTejrBHO bi -as-i : cajcs'os-i 
(qTotfH BHA^TB, BHA^n), Bop. caJcs; gtvas-S (xhtb, mo6u sbtb), 
Kop, gtv; pus'jase oti jws (nHTaTi); car-as-i^ on car (ftatm, 
xoABTF, ABBraTBCfl). Cp. npocTHff $opvii Aft'vo^BHaro naAexa: 
<2r;-^ (BBAtTb), ati'Jcram'6 (niBpexoAiTB) h np. 

IIpHMtpH cymecTBHTejrBHBXi na 'Os: tam-as (xeiiBOTa), Bop* 
tarn (fonnaAaoTi oo sflaqeBin b ^opni ci pyccs. mojuumftc/i), 
Ap.-((ojir« Tbua; CDAa opHflaAJiexHTi h JiaTBBCB. ten-ehrae (reH- 
HOTa)y npoBcmeAiDee BCJitACTBie pacnoAO($JieBifl bsi Hem-ehrae; 
sod-as (cotfpaaio^ ntcTO — Jiar. sedes)^ sop. sad (cba^tb); vac-as 
(piqBy roBopi), sop. vac (roBopan); paj-as (boab), sop. pd 
(bhtb), cb 0CJia6j6HieMi EopeHBoB rjiacBoS pi^ sasi yse bhabo 
Hal $opn flacTOiiniaro BpeieaH: piv-dmi hjtb ptbdmi (bbio) 
H np.; man -as (ati'b, hhcjib), Eop. man (AyvauX cp. ap«* 
6oiT. -men-tt bi na-UA-Tb; faj^-os (yHepoiBieflie njtOTB, pacsaH- 
Hie), Bop. tap (xe^B, MyqHTB); sar-as (osepo), Kop. sar (b'b 
BBaveBifl «BATB, ABiraTBCfl», npflMHiian ex cxoabovj sru «TeqB»); 
U^as (tfjiecB'B,- ciflBie), Eop. tig; rddh-as (tftieperi*^ co(ctb. 
«8aAepsHBax>n(iff»), sop. rudh (aaAopsBBaTB, ocTaRaBJiHBaTB). 
BopeBBaa rjacaair, oco($eB.io ecjiB oaa i h.ib u^ ycuBBaereir, 
etiH El KopHD npBeoe.TBHBeTCfl o&oflqaBie -as (saKi bbabo nn 
nociiABHX'B AByxi npFrMtpoBx). 

IlepeAi cy^^BBcoiii -as b^b EopBaxT, oitaHqEBanmBxcfl na 
rjacBiiur, CTaBBTCx BBorAa h t^ OBasHBaioqeecii wh TaBOMi cjy- 
qaft BByEoii B6 BoperHGiMi R neBpBHaAxexaoiBH'B ei OKOHqaBix): 
srS't'Os (ccpiiEa, TeqeBi^D, co6ctb. «T€Kyn^ee3»)y aop. sru (toib); 
r^-^-os («c4Mfl» — «TeEyDiee»), Bop. rt — ri (fluere). Bx ra- 
Bflxi CiiOBaxi < BftpoaTBie Bcero npoACTaBJiJien 8JI6M6bti dxa- 
roBByqBHlfy BCTarxeBBbt a^R BstfisaHiB siiTHifl; bi |7({-^A-a5 
(BOAa) BCTahJieiio th (cp. £oj)p^ Erit. Gramm. d. Sanskr. Spr. 
386, Tf/k emfi npBBOAHTCJi BCTaBKa bocoboB corjacaoB: dp-n-as 
€BOAa» Hsi ^ap-asT^). 



176 oy«ftiBo% "08. § 68. 

BeAaHqecsix npviaraTejiBHHii na -as ouhvrdtch on coot- 
BtTCTBeoHHX'b HMi cynteCTBBTeibHHXi iSMiHOHHEiii jAapoHioMi; 
TorAa-sasb bi cyoiecTBHTejibHiixi Ha -as yxapjieTCJi npaBHJiBHO 
tJLon KopeHHoBy bi npHjurareiBEHXi jxapeeie OTOABBraercH si 
KOHiiy: dp-as (A'biio) — ap^ds (A'biaiDntil, f/bsLnnEoi^ tdv-as 
(cBJia)— tor-efs (cvibhhB), Eop. tu. Haorxa si osoBqauii) -as 
opHCTaBJiiiaTCA 60(6 -a: e2it;-as-a (ccAOHBi), cotfcTB. «6j6CTiiii(Utx>), 

OTl sop. div (6j[6CTtTB). 

2) Bl XP0BH6-($aRTpilCfi0HX JISBSift CanCBpHTCKOiy -OS CO- 

OTBiTCTByorb -anhj to-octb spoHft npaBHJiBHaro D6p6X0Aa nopBO- 
BaqaiBRaro 8 bi ap* (iasTp. A BCTaBxeni h SBys'B bocoboI, ko- 
TopHl yA6psEBa6TCii H BO HHorixi ^opiaxi cbiohohU: zar^aiik 
(npeAaBHOCTB), n6pB0Haq, *ghar-as, sop. xrar = ceip. har (sa- 
XBaTBTBi bshtb); tac-anh (6tn)^ mIu^th. oba* tac-ah-i^ 
nopBonaq. ^toik-os-i, sop. toft (5tsaTB), cp. AP**({oir. T61IITH, 
T6K-X; tem-anh (TenoTa)| poAHT. tem-anh'd m% nepBOBaq. 
^tam-as-as; larez-aih (BHmHHa), bbbbt. hareed^ sop. harea 
(pacTH); raoc'anh (tfjiecB^B), aop. rue (tfjiecTtTB); itcTB. dba* 
OAHHCTB. raoc-ah-if nepBonaq. ^rauk-as-ii hmcbht. hhozoctb. 
raocdo; vac-anh (p^qB, cjiobo), TBopoT. naA* vacanh-a h vac* 
afiA-<2 B nepBOflaq. ^vakas-df npoAJOSB. naA. t;ac - an& - o^, Kop* 
vac (roBopBTB); caj-anh (csaKonjieHid, pacnpocTpaHoeia*; bhhht. 
naAez'B BCTpiqa6TCJ[ bb ^opit cqja(-cd «ii pacnpocTpaaoBie », 
taI -c4 — JiaT. que), Kop. hi (cotfepaTB); grav-anh («cjiobo^ 
iipHBa3aBi6»>Bs «T0y qTO cjiuinHTCfl»)| TBopiT. frav-anh'df HtCTP. 
grav'oh'i, bhhht. hhos. grav-do, nop. gru (ciHinaTB); dvais-anh 

(cHyq6B)6| H6HaBr.CTB», BB BOEHpeTHOHB CHHCJift «HyqHT6J[B»X 

Hop. dvis, BB jip.-tfaKTp. HSBBft BOAB j^opHoH tbH (MyqHTB), 
OTsyAa H tbais aiih (nyqcHio), abki thaisanh-at^ poAHT. thais-- 
anh'6 h np. ^jukhib OToro OHOHqaflU bb bhaI H'^onpeAlJeH- 
Haro HasjOBeHU bx aP*~^aktp. HSEiBt ne CBHAiiejiBCTBjDTi 
HHaaaia 4|<^P*h* 



CT««HBGl 'OS B'b rPX<l. 48, § 58. 177 

8) Bi rpe^ecBOHi flSHRt nepB0<$EiTH06 -as isiiHfleTCA b^-o^; 
eymecTBBTeibHHfl ci Taraxi osoH^aHiexi Mi cpoAH^ro po^a h 
iitnn B'b P0AHT6JIBU01II '80 f (=ovff); Ton-se eauB ey^- 
$HRC% otfpasyeii h MHoro^HCJieHHfiiB paspaA'^ npaiaraTejbHHX'B 
{aa -if^, Bi cpeAH. poA'b -sg), aoTopHa odciEHOBeHHo aatoTi 
8Ha<ieHi6 npaqacTiS HacT, Bpoa. cooTBiTCTBeHaaro rjiar. Bopna* 

Bi OKOH^asiH poAHTejiBHaro 'ovs^^tog BHoajo r, Taai-qio 
-eo^ CTOHTi BMtcTo ^-Bff'Off « flepBOoaq. ^-as-as. IIpHHtpB: elS" 
OS (BaAi>)» H3l Fsto-eS'j pOAHT. elS'OVff = et^^eos HSl el^'etT-os^ 

Kop. Fi^^^tncJ (cp. o7(^« «8HaK)» H3% Fot^-oc ^ caBCKp. vid-a 
un ^vaid'Qf totck. vait^ mboz. ^hcj. FiS-fjisv = /(r-//f v , cocur. 
BBU. eii'Sfxev); civb-ss- (hv, mB-os ccitBtrB, KBtTOKl^), BOp. 
«y.&-y cp. ocvB-efjioy (ifBtTi); fieX-es" (HHea. {jiih-os antaie, Mejio* 
Aia, veHi»») Bop. /LifA-| cp. rjar. //sAA» (co<$HpaDCBy aaAjaH- 
bid) H8i ^fxeh-joi); ne^^'iS' (rm. Ki^^-os cnpadHib, BopucTB^), 
Bop. xf(^. rjar. yje^^-xlvoo (npiodpfttai), asBJieEaio nojibsy); e^-^^- 
-(hh. ?9r-c^ «cioBO» = FFW-^p = *FflfK-ci6f-, cap. vaca$)j Bop, e^r- 
*=Fcicx; yeyef (hh* yivc^ « POA'B, npoacxosA^Hie^ — uacToan^ee 
DBOHWHid -eg' oBaasBaeTca B'B pacmapeHflOM'B yiv-ecr-is aposAe* 
«e»), Bop. y«v (poABTB), cp. y/yvw HSi yi-yey-(», cap. ^ow; 
A«%-w- (aaeB. A^o^ «Jioae, cynpyra» -pOA. hex'^off = T^x-ovs) 
Bop. hMX — lagh^ fj^.-donv. Ae;K-aTH (hbi ^Aer-nHX pycci^ 
AeoiC'€mh^ cp, 46«<ft9 4/ii-y; fxeves- (ku. /^ivoi* ^aysecTBO, rH'bBi»), 
Bop. man; lAi^-os (<)aeTB, AOJa), aop. {lef^ cp. /xf/f(» (atpi)) 
BSi *iA8^'joo- AP--<$OAr. MI^-HTh; veCp-es- (hh. vi^-o^ «0($iaBO» 
poAHT. vi(povs ■- v^^-f(r-ci* = nepBOHaq. nahh-as-a^)^ csp. na&%- 
oa, AP*'<$ojir. N6Bec-, HHeeHT. nego, poaht. Neeece, cp. pyccB. 
neff-eC'a; ^ef-eff- (hh. Si^-os aaosa, niRypa»), sop. dar (ap^tb), 
cp. ielq» — *ie^'j<» (CAHpai), A«py), Ap.-tloJir. A^l^-^; /3fX-of 
(cTptjia, MeraTeABHoe Bonse), aop. /3c«A-« cp. ^dhJsm (tfpocaD, 
MOTav) 181 ^^cc}<'j(»; ^ccK'Os^ (o((opBaHHoe njiane, Tpaoaa), Bop« 
B^flc-, cp. ^ny-m^fju (pay, jiOMaD); rsixros (poA* relxroxjs «ct4- 

12 



178 OFAAHROl '03. § 68. 

Ba»), sop. teK = tahf cp. riK-r-w (n.70THHK%), cRp. tdlcs^ ff 
T^-v)| ( peMecio, HCKyccTBO ); ^^ocK-off ( BBopi, rjiaai ), Kop. 
i^ccK = ooc^rc^ oe^K'O/jtctt (cMOTpi)), CKp. c7ar(; «x-off ( poj. ax-^o^ 
AtBapcTBO^), Kop. ccK- uK-iofxcci (jit^y, nonpasjifln); d'^^-c^ (jitro, 
aapt, aaiBa), Kop. dsfi Bi^'(p (corpftBaio, cyray), cap. ghar; 

(amhhhR, AOJiriB); «A-€i- (hm. reh-os ct Koneiti » ), Kop. reA- 
cp. re/Jooff (coBepmeHHo), h tstJoo (coBepman). 

IIpHH'bpB opBJiaraTejiBHiiix'B c^ OKOH^aHieHi -as: <roc(p»s^ (bk. 
lys. p. ^aoc(P'ifff cpeAH. p. acc(P'h ffflCRsB, o^eBHABHBs), KOp. 
(rcc(f> = sapy cp. Jiar. sap-iens (npoBHKaTOJiBflHMy yiHEiS, vyAP^A'B), 
OTi sap-ere; a-Kn^'ss- (hm. oi-Mb-ris «hctbhbhB, npaBABBHlv, 
($ysB. <KHe cBpHBaioniiScflx>), nop. )\Md^ cp. At!i(vd«^(v (capHBaDci), 
JiaT. lat-eo; oitrCpuK'Ss- (bh. u^aCpocX-tiff «TBepAHB|6e80DacHBBi», 
co($eTB. vBe o6HaBBBai)niiB»), rjiar. o-^c/aAo) (DOTpAcaD, otSiaflH- 

BBb) B31 *<r(pocX'j(»j EOp. c^PflftA; ev'ae^-sff' (hm. ev'celi-ris «(Sjraro- 
^ecTHBHB))), Bop. (TFjS, rJiar. (rj/3-ofec«i (no«iBT8D), (ri/3-ci0p (yBa- 
xeaie), cap. s^t;; ct-j3A^/3-f^- (6e8BpeAHHB, nojiesBoB), riar. 
/SAo^'to) (spB^BBUD Bpe^i); Fu-j^^flCK-fi-* (hm. sv'^^ctX'fis ccoqesB 
8opBiB)>)y Kop. (Je^x = (5«f k; d-dty-s^- {n. ubny-ris «cB6npi- 
BOCBOBeBBHBi>)| i^/y-o) (AOTporBBancb), sop. 1^/7; avro'<Pv^ss'' 
(bh. ccvrocpv-i^f «ca]iopoAHHB»), Bop. ^u ( npoESBOAHTB ); iBorxa 
DpHJiaraTeabBHa ci TaKHiii cy^^^Bscon BHiDrb SBaqeaie crpa- 
xaTeJifcHoe — cp. spovb noca^ABBXi AByxi opBHtpoBi h vifc 
fjtiyi^ff (cH^maBBHB ci boaod), /jtiy-yvfjis (CMftniBBaD), sop. /juy. 
4) Bi jaTHBCKOHi flBHB'b 'OS o6HapysHBaeTCfl bi pasBtixs 
BHAaxi, TaKi-saRi HeptAXo 8 sepexoAHTX vb r h EpoMi Toro 
a OKOfl^aBifl -as ocm6jieqtcb mae HBvtBfleTCJi b% e, o, HBorAa 
H vb u. Oi npB($a6oqBHHi BJieiieBTOH'B -6 cy({i$BKCi "OS otfpa* 
syerb h OBOflqaHie BeonpoAtJieBBarOy coanaAaa bi droMi otho- 
meBiB t% roTCBXMi -an (13% ana^; aro 6, npeACTaBiM nepBo* 
Ba^ajiBfloe ai^ Bec&Ha to^ho cooiBftrcTByeii cascap. £ = aj| 1 



oy««. -a^ B!b JEAT. ad. § 58. 179 

Bopasajo cJi^AOBaTejibHO apcbhh)!) 4^opHy jiaTeJBHaro naxesa. 
TasHHi odpaaoH'L JiaTHH. viv-er-e (shtb), DponcmeAinee hs'B 
^g-uiv-as-e, cooTBtTCTByeT*B caicsp. ^v-as-i, curr-er-e (((toaTB) 
cap. car-as-^f am-ar-e (ji>6aTB)y hbi "am-as-e, CBp. ^kam-as-S; 
Jung-er-e (coeABHHTb) npoHsoniJio ii3i uepBOHaujibHaro "jug-as-ai, 
Eop. jug (CB BCTaBjeHHHVb HocoBHX'b SByKOH^b jung- cp. ^'e^^- 
um^=w-Of CKi^* jug)^ scind-er-e (kojiotb^ paspyiiiaTB)^ hsi 
nepBOHa?. ^skid-as-ai (tt sa^cb hocoboB SBysi BeTaBieei, cp. 
rpe^ecB. (ncfJ^-avj/u-///, (r%/^-(» hsi <T%/J^-ya), cap. cAw? «pa80- 
pBaTB^ pacBOJOTBD); 65-56 (6iitb) npo03onijio hbi *65*r6 (ynoAo- 
tfjeHieai r npeAmecTByioiiteH menaii^effy xoth soHeqHO Tasoe H3« 
BiEeHie B03CTaH0BJiHeTi SBysi) n6pBOBaqajiBH£i8)yBop.6a- ==scaHcsp. 
a^; -r6 = 56 uo anajoiia Apyrex'B 4>opHi OKBSHBaeTCii coKj^a- 
meHHHM'B H31 nepBO($iiiTa. -a5^y TasB-Kasi aeiBsa npoAnoiaran 
caHOCTOHTeJiBHBB H oTJiHqHHB 0T<B -as-^ cy^^Hsci AJiA OBHaqe- 
sifl BeonpeAiJieHHaro. Tasoe xe cospaoieiie aroro okohubuc 
iiBJifleTCii Bi fer-re (aecTH), sop. fer^ cap. bhaff TorAa-saR'B 
FB t;e2-76 (xoT'biB) -re noABeprjiocB ynoAotfjefliiDy Taai-qio vd- 
le s= t;6Z-r6 = nepBOoaq. ^var-sai «= ^var-as-ai; horr-er-e (Apo- 
aaaTB, yxacaTBca) cooTBiTCTByen neps. "hars-as-ai (^glMtB^)^ 
cap. 'ho/rs (noAHHaiBca, ahC^ohb ciaHOBiiTBCfl) h op. 

C^opxEi HeonpeA^JieHHaro CTpaj,aTejiBHaro saionii sasi lauA* 
ariy hdberif audiri (b% TpoTBexi cnpflzeHia dki^ jwngi^ sa 
BHoycKOH'B ROHoqaaro -ri) bobboaxtcji na apobbU j^opxH a 
OBOflqaBieii '^ier: laudarier^ leg-ier, dic-ier a op. Xom cbabb 
BTHXi (opn ci BeonpeAtJieBHun A'bflcTBHTexBBaro saiora h6- 
coHBtHBa, Bce-tasH npoHcxosAOHie h cnocotf'B o((pa30Baflia hx'b 
eocTaBXflen Bonpoci aecBaa tomhhB, rai&i-qTO yAOBJieiBO- 
pRTejiBEaro o($i<CReHia ao chxi nopi ne npeACTaBxeHo, Bono'B 
(Yergl. Gramm. III. 274, npaitq.*) cqaTaeii oBOBqaaie -er 
wh laudari-er^ dici-er a npoq. nepecraBOBKoK nepBouaq. se^ 
oepemeAmaro vb re; laudari-er moxho 6u xaani otfpaaon 

12* 



180 oy9«HBoi -05. § 68. 

otfuesHTB in laudare-ae (no cjiOBaiirb Bonna Rasi «accn8ati- 
"vns reflexivi*): ho nepecTaHOBsa re bi -er HHii^bHi ae xosasaHa 
B spoHt TOTO nepexoAi e bi t (^ZaucJare — Zaue^an^ ne BUCHeHi. 
paaHHX^ o((MeH6Hin% axoro osoHUHin co ciopoflH IIoTTai 
JEeOy MeBepa h JlaHre cp. ScUdcher^ Gompend. 474 — 476. 

B'b cyjQecTBHTejiLHiixi Ha 'OS 8T0 OKOHqaiiie bi KocBennHX'B 
naA6zax!b npHEBMaeii pasHHfl ^opiin -or-, -er-, ur-, wh Hie- 

HHTeJIBHOHl OHO H3HtHJI6TCl[ B'B '^8^ 'OT^ ^T. 

0jBieGTBHT6JrBHHa CI OROHqaHieH'B 'U8 (bI pOAHTOJIBHOlll ^^HT'iS 

HBi *-a5-ia, qaoie 'Cr-is): corp-or- (aiieH. corp-us ntr, itjo), 

sop. A;orj?y cp. AP«*($ftaTp. A;eArj) on karep (Justly Handb. 84), 

B1I6H. keref'Sf apHiiHCB. Jcerp; dec-or- (rhoh. decus «yKpameHie, 

«itfcTB»)y Kop. dec, cp. rjiar. dec-et\ temp-or- (hmoh. tempus 

ntr. Bpeifl), sop. temp- (BipoflTHO wi tojp -— SHa^eHie hohs- 

BftcTHo); gen-er- (HHen. genus «poAi, noEOJiftHi6»), sop. gen^ 

rpev. yiv-cf ; Fen-er- (eiieH. Fenus «BeHepax>), Kop. v(m (cp« 

caecBp. van-itd <xzeHiqHHa, n)($HHair», on Bop. t^an «(J[d((htb»); 

vidn-er- (hhoh. z?u2nM5 «paHai>; sopeHB tombhS: (Shtb losen, 

iTpHMHEaen cnxa caHcap. vran «paHHTb», A^HoiHHaTHBi on 

warn «paHa»); mt^n-er- («aoishoctb, a^Jio», hhoh. munus) 

Kop. mun- {m% man); scd-^er- (iHeH. scdus ccnpecrynjieHie, 

ajEOAUcfBo»), Bop. scd^ cp. csp. chcH-a (otfjiaH'B); fun-er- 

(BMeff. fuvms « Dorpetfenie, noxopoHBD), sop. fwn (HeasBtcraaro 

BHaqeaifl a npoHcxosA^Hia); op-er^ (HieH. opus <ka^o»), sop. 

apj cp. csp. ap'OS (b^ BeAaaqecB. jiSHB'b); lat-er- (aireH. latua 

«((oB'B, CTopoHax)), Bi> Idt'Us (iHEpoBifl, npocTpaHHHfl). OsoHqa- 

Hie -or: Idb-or (patfoTa, TpjA^), poA. lab-or-is, hsi *lab'aS'a$^ 

HpHMHBaen bi caacBp. 2ai&*(<xD0jyqaTB», rpeq. Xccfx/iecvoo) tojib- 

HO nocpoACTBOM'B BopHH robk («flaqHHaTB»), HBi BOToparo Bno- 

tAiACTBiH otfpasoBajocB labh ci HSMtaeHBHui BHaqeHieHi (rasi- 

Baai 2 paBBHiocb hbi ApoBHlBmaro r^, on Toro-xe Bopan 

opoHSODuo H JEHTOBCB. lob'OS (doraiCTBo); pav'Or (cTpaxi, ((o-^ 



07«»HB0% -08 Bl lAT. JI3. § 38. 181 

asHB), Kop. pav' pavere (TpeneTaTb on cxpaxa, jxacaTBCJi); 
lijfM*or (zHABOCTBy Bura), sop. Uk^ ep. liquidm (sHxsiSi Jic- 
BBfl), BopoHB ^epexyoTCii Bi noci'bAHe9 eorJiacHoB B'b limpAdm 
(acHHfly Bpoapa^BHS); vig-or (fioxpocTB, CBtaecTB), sop. d^: 
vig-ere (npoitBlTaTS , o($flapysiBaTbeB) ; Ton-se cbmhS aopesB 
cb xpjTBHi eyj^^BKcon OBasaBaeTCii bi vig-U (6oApcTBjDnlV, 
6xBTejiBHH8); pud-ar (ctaA'h)^ sop. jptki^; ar({-or («api), nrfit- 
^6 (ropiTB), Bop. ard; err-ar (3a($jiyzxeBi6), on err-^rt (($po- 
AHn, omfl(SaTBCJi), Bop. err- (cb HCBasoBBHH'B no-BHABHOiy co- 

CTIBOUly TaSX - BBKl -TT' yBBSHBaDn BB COBOPBIBBflieeCJI 

ynoAotfjOBie pasHopoABun npezAO sBysoBi); sop-t^ (ycqnBTeiB- 
bhS BanflTOBiy riytfosiB cohi), on Bops. sop (gdp-tr^ ^onf* 
pan, ycHBjrBn») =ss caBcsp. svap (cnan), 

OBOBUflie 'ur otfpasyen BeBBoriB cyqecTBBTeiBBHB, n boto« 

PHXI -Ur BBIBOTCB BSBtaOBBBBl ^OT^ XOTB OHO BBOFAB yA^pSB- 

BaeiCB fl wb BOCBOHBHX'B Bajgiezax'B: fulg^r- (bm. fv^gwr^ poA« 
fidgur-is cioifliB, ($j6Cici»), fidg-ire (6ucnthf CBepBaiB)/ 
Bop. fidg Bn flopBOB. %harg = %hrag^ caBCsp. hhr&g (((«• 
CTan, ciBn)-— Ton xe sopeaB eoAepsBTCB b bi flam^^ma 
(fljaflOHB), otfpaBOBaBmeiCB Bn * flag-ma (bocpoactbomi jboao-* 
(SjeBiii g BocoBOBy SBysyX cp. rpev. ^Ao£ bsi <phoy-€\ vutt-ur 
(poA* vulturis «BopmyBi», codcTB. «Bpysaflti8)»)y Bop. voU=vart, 
cp. AP-^^^oJir. B|iu-nH nieepmfbfM>y> b vertere; rob-tir (cBxa), 
poA* rdboriSf Bop. robf csp. ro&A (apeABpBBBTB, BaqflBan) cp. 
CUB. pac-OTA; eb-ur (ciobobbb boctb), poA. eboris- eb cpaBBB- 
BBOTM tyb caHCBp. ibha (cjobi) b c% rpe?. -f<p* B'B ihri^-M 

(flpB Vefll e}sr otflBCBfleTCB BBBl UOBl COBBTBiieCBiB — Cp. J^OJip, 

Glow. 45, b); bi cicur (poA. cictiris «pyqBol») -ur BOCBia 
BftpoBTBo B6 BpoACTaBuen oBOB^aflijr, a spsBaAiesBn b% Bop- 

BD,. TaBl-BSBl BC6 CilOBO, XOTB OBO TOKHBrO flpOBCXOSAOBlB, 

OBasHBaeTi coctbb^ ^opan yABOOBBoB, 
Kpoit 8TBXX paapBAOBX ecTB eqe oabb BaToropui cjioBt, 



182 OTftOHRCB -05. § 68. 

o((pa80BaHBnx'B nocpexcTBoii osoHUHifl *a8| ho oho o($flapyxmi-' 
eTcfl Toasso bi BHeHiTeuHoi'b OAHHCTBeHaaro h Hcqeaaerb . Ji>% 
B0CBeHHHX!b naAexaxi, ($yA;TO saiiiHfleMo tohoI na -{•; cD^a 
npBHaAJOsaTi cymecTBHTOJiBHHBy OBaHqRBaioniijrcB na -es, a b% 
poAHTOJiBHOH'B Ha -i5: scd'CS (fern. tfCbAUHme, CTyii»), bo p0A« 
sec? -is (cjrbAOBajio 6u oaEHAaxb *$ed'e8-is = "seder 4$ )y orb »e(i?- 
ere (cba^tb), nop. sed; caed-es (poi. coed is feoi. <Ky(iBcTBO, 
oo($ieHie»), on coed-ere (py((aTB^ y^HBaTb); sop. ca€(2-, octb 
npHUHHTejiBHaK ^opiia npocToro cad^ («naAaTB)!>; bi TaKon 
xe OTBomofliH coctobti h^h. faU-en h fSM-en^ aBrji. Jo /izZZ ir 
^0 /eZ!^; tdb-es (poA* to&-t5 fern. ^icu'lkHie, qaxoTBa»), raar. 
tab^ere (TaarB, pacxoAHTbCfl), cp. Ap.-<5ojir. Ton-HTH; aed-es 
(xpaHi, AOBi), Bop. aed-; lab-es (naAeBie, paspymeHie), mr» 
ldb4 (naABTB, cnycsaiBCfl). 

5) Bl rOTCBOMl H aHTOBCBOMX ASHEaXl CJIOBa Cl OROBTOHieH'B 

-as BCTpiqaiDTCfl p^AKo; bi ofioHX'b BSHsaxi npoHsomjto ocJ!a({jie- 
Bie rjacHoB -a, bi fotceoiix bsbb'^ vb -i, bi ihtobckom'l bs 

e^ CB BpHCTBBJieHHHH'B Bl OBOHqaHilO CJIOFOMl ^a. npHH'ipH TOT- 

cbbx'b 6yniecTBHT6JiBHiixx: rim-is (cxcnoRoBcTBie^ noRoHs), leaa 
rimisa-; bbbi sopeBB, trbi h cyj^^nsc^ HcnHTajtH oAHHaKOBHB 
HSBopon rJiacHoB — sop. ram, cp. CKp. ram ( bi nepsoHaqaxB- 
EOiB SHaqeniH <i(0TAHxaTB, noqHBaTb», ootoh'b <Kpa;iOBaTBCii»), 
XHTOBCB. rhm-ti (noAnnpaTb), hbct, Bp. rem-iu; sig-is (notf^Aa), 
Ap. HtM. sigu^ sigi (stJci), rxar. B*b cp, HiM. us. sig-en (no- 
dtacABTt), Kop. siflr-; riq-is (leMHOTa), Kop. rak (rag)y cp* 
XHTOBCR. rak'\nti (sannpaTB, 8aKXK)qaTb); har^is (aqHeHB), lariz- 
eins H8i haris- (cAixaHiiHB nsi BqMeHff); thev-is (bo mhos. 
qHcx'6 = «cxyrH»), rxar. thiv-an (cjiyxHTb), OTiyAa thius {cij^ 
ra), <%tt;-f (cxyxaBKa); ga-diJc-is (HSo^paseBie, BSBafliie) orb 
npoAHOxaraeHaro "deik-an (o^pasoBaiB), Bop. dik^ nepBonaq. 
tak, cp* rpeq. rsK^rm^ CBp. tdks. HoHoqiD Tasoro-se cy$- 



07««HS0'B -ja. § 69. 18S 

^iBca spoHSOmjo BipoJiTBO H oqAa-i (Toiiopi)i sop. ak^ cp. 
caHcsp. ^ (ocTpflTfcy toutb), ut. ac-u8 (irjia)^ ecjiH oho ho 
o6pa80BaHo vn lar. aaeia (ajOTHH^B Tonopi), ep. xp.-Hti. 
acJms^ aJds (Schade^ Altd. WOrterb. 6» h). Bh juk-uz-i (kvo) 
Vh osoBVBiH a nepeiDJo bi Uy sop. jug^ cp. ga-juk-a (<( APjrif 
eoTOBapHmi», eo6cTB. «BOTopHl hociti To-xe caioe Hro3»), 
juk (arc) == Jiai. jug-um. 

UpHilpH H8i iHTOBcaaro JiSHKa: kdlb-es-is (noMOBEi^aX sop. 
kalbj cp. kalh'6t% (roBopHTB); deb-es-ls (otfjiaso), hsi nepao- 
HaqajifrB<. ^ndb-as-ja-s- sopoBBoe n usMtHHJiocB bi d, paBBO 
us% vb if.'CojLv. ffiEAih (AeBBTB) A6B- CTOBTi BM. nat;-, cp. 
caHCBp. navan^ jbt, nav-em; BopoHB na5- Cna&A^, BacTOjrii^ee 
aHa^eaie BOToparo HeHSBtCTHo, coopBseB'b ci cooTBtTCTBeflHHi'b 
OBOHqafliei'E i bi rpe^. vi(P'Os^ ut. nt(i-e8, caacsp. noiA-os. 

B H 9 A H I B -ja. 

§ 69. Gy4»4^HBCi -ja BecBia pacopoeTpaaeHi vh flSHBaxi 
iBAO-eBpooeBcEaro nieHeBi b BCTptuoTCii EaBi OBoiqaaie nep- 
BB^aaro hib BTopH^Haro otfpasoBaBiB; oho o^pasyen cyn^ectBH- 
TOJBBBii (oco6eflflo OTBJieqeBBUfl) h opHJiaraTejiBHniiy wh caa- 
CBpurt apoit Toro enie A^onpaqacTie h BpuqacTie GyAyn^aro 
BpeaehH crpaAarejibBaro sajiora ci sflaqeBieai Heo6ioABMOCTH 
(TaBi Has. participium necessitatis). Bi npoqax^ gpoahe[X*b 
eeibBxi 9T0 oROH^afiie odpasyoTi npeHMyoitecTBeuHO cyn^ecTBH- 
TOJiBBHiTy plze DpHxaraTejibHHa (aa HCBJoqeBieHi BTopocTeaeH- 
mxi rpe^ecBHXi); caacap. npHqacTiaa'b aa -ja cooTBiTCTayDT'b 
o^OHB HeHBOria ^^opau. IIpoHcxo^KAeuie btofo cy$4^H&ca tohbo; 
BlpoBTuOy Oflo ocBOBHBaeTca Ha yBaaaTejbHOH'L atcToaaeHii (i)^ 
n BOTopovy apHcoeAHHajiocb ctojib nacio ynoipetfaxeaoe a. 

IIpnftpH H8X caecBpHTa: a) participia necessitatis: kdm-ja 
(no AOJisBO nifLTh, j!i>6bb aoctoIhuSX KOP* ^^^; hhav-ja (^eiy. 
AOJxao 6un, HeodxoAHiHH)| as^b bho-i-a = bhd-ja, xop. hhH 



184 oyfto EEC'S 'ja. § 59. 

(jioirroe d vh ROpHft ysateBaoTi ea jcHxeBHoe SHaqeHie Ropni: 
tMvja «T0, 9T0 BettpexiuHo aojisuo (Sutb, qio BeH8(H^SH0»); 
(aA;-;;a (BOSHOSHUfl), sop. (aft (6HTb bi> cocTOHHiH); A;4r";;a (ira 
eJitAyen a^jetii), Rop. A;ar (RopeeHoe a nepeAi npocTon eo- 
rJiacHoK o((brbob6bho npoAOJizaeTCii); badh-ja (soi'oparo citxyerb 
j($BTb), o6pa30BaBo OTi Rop. ladh, xota codcTBeHHO npuBRAie- 
XHT'b R'B TJiarojy Jian (fAftpHTb, y6HTb); hodh-ja (mo cjrikAyers 
BBan)^ Kop. hudh (BopeaBBH riacBHH % bu noA^HBiiDTca flepBO- 
oreneBBOMj noA'seiy bi e b 6)^ moc-ja (ROToparo citAy^Ti^ 
ocBotfoAHn), Rop. muc; UJch-ja (qto aojisbo KBcaTb), Rop. 
ZiAkA (Ukhja EiteTi tbrxb sHa^eaie cymecTBBTejibHaro anBcaHie 
BpacRaHH, nacaHie^); di-ja (no aojsho A&Tb), HeupaBBibBO 
BH. *dd-jaj orb dd (ABTb); khi-ja (qio ao^isbo pHTb) senpa- 
BBIBBO OTi BopB. khan. 

b) npRBtpH npBJiaraTejibfluxx h cyniecTBBTexbBHxi Ba -^a: 
Ihd^ja (BBB^a, 4bAa), Bop. bhug ("bCTb, BacjaxAftTBCii); bhdg-ja 
(uMiy 6oraTCTBo) on Toro-xe Bopa^ (<{^opMa xeacRaro poAB: 
bMg^jd BBaqan «meretrix»); (a;-;;(t («oocTejib»=«Ba qeiiie- 
san3»)i Rop. (I (jiesaTb), rpeq. Ksl'/iocr, U-t^a (Rocrepi) on 
ci («co({BpaTb») — ^ Be bboo no, rbri BCTaBbia, paaflo kbri bi 
hhr-t-ja («ciyra», co6ctb. «uoToparo aojisho EopRHTb») orb 
BopH. bhar (sa BHnycKOHi nacEoB); on uopBii ci otfpasoBaHo 
B npBucrie EeotfxoAflMOCTB: c^a (to, no aoixho co6paTb); drav 
ju (aeniecTBo) on dru (6toaTb, leqb); krqj-ja (npoAasBHH) 
orbAr^ (aRynHTb» — vi-krt «npoAaTb»); pad-ja (oTim), pad-jd 
(TpoBHBRa, Aopora), uop. pad (bate); hrijd (A^bxo), Rop. kar. 
IIpBJiaraTexbBHB npHcoeABsann ri co6± -ja Ra&i cy^^^EBei bto- 
pocTeneHBHS: dhan-ja (6oraT£iH), on dhana (6oraTCTBo); jagas- 
ja (3BaE6HRTiiB, npocjaBJieBHHH), on jaQa$ (ohm^); div^a {eo- 
((eoBBli) orb div (He6o); mukh-ja («0TJiEqBB8)»=«T0, wo bh- 
AaoTCfl BnapeAi»), on mUkha (pon, xfliie). 

Hsi cyn^eotBBtMbBHXb otSpaayDTCir DocpoACTBOBX BTopocieneB- 



074DOHKO^ "ja Bl OIHOKP. fl8. § 69. 185 

nro cj^^HRca -ja hobhx cymecTBiTejrbHHa, npenyoieeTBeHHO sasi 
noHJiTifl oTBJieqeHHHfl) npa qevi nepBHfl npocTHii nacHcui %jlu 
np6Tepn%BaDrb o6hkhob6hho ycHJieQie BiopHMHoe (i B^ di^ a u 
Vh du): dupam-ja (cxoactbo), oti upamd (epaBHOBie, exo|^- 
CTBo), Bop. md (xipHTB); dik-ja (oahbctbo) otb ^a (oahhi>); 
diivar-ja (ejiacTB, rocnOACTBo) orB tQvara (noBejiBTejiB); duddrja 
(moApocn) OTi uddra {mfiAV^i), Bop. ar ei DpeAJ[oroHi ud; 
indrija («qfBCTBeHHiiiH opraai^ neatr.) on indra («(BHenii8B3'b 
ApeBBBXi BexaHqecBRrb tforoBi*, sa-Ttv'B «qacTB Bceotfniaro xj* 
za vb T^jiftft); sdin-ja (masc. ccojabti*, ntr. ciboBckoa), oti 
«^^ («Bo8cKo»; BoH^^el BpoHSBOABn ero orb si aCBBSHBaTB, 
Ba3aTb»); vtr-ja (zpa6pocTB, lysecTBo), on vtra (repoB), cp. 
JiBTOBCB. vyr-a-, vyr^isU- (Hysqafla); mdhdtmja (eejiHsoAymie), 
OTi dtman (Ayma) h mahat- (tfoumoSX Bop. mah (pacTB); 
sthdirj-ja (TBepAOCTB^ BenosoJEedHiocTB) on sthira (tbopahS, 
nocTOABBuB), Bop. stM (ctobtb); mM'ja (ittaa), on mMa 
(«Bopeflb, npoHcxosAOflie, ocBOBaeie^ — npoHCxoABn no iBtBii) 
BoH^^efl — Glogs. 243 — msi ^mahUa); mrga-jd {Um. «oxoTa») 
on mrga (ab^b, sbbotboo). 

OBOflqaBia -tavja h -ant-ja B^ caBCspBtfti otfpasyDoiia rose 
HpiqacTia 6;Ayniaro BpeMeBB CTpaABTOJiBBaro sajora, npeAcraBJia- 
B>n 4^opHH pacmBpoBBHa, cjiozhhb c^ tu b ana-; bi nepBOHi 
ejyqai -^li noABeprjocB ryat b sa-rbB'B pasjiosBJOCB m cboh 
Bactoaqia ctbxIb (tu- 16- taw tau'ja=tav'ja), bo BTopom -ana 
BHnycBOfl'B BocjitABeB rjiacBoB npBBBJio nepoA'Bia omfi BcraBoq- 
106 -I (Bonni — Sankr. Gramm. 867 — cpasBflBaen tbboo bctb- 
BO^Boe I ci I Bi cyj^^BRCi cpaBBHTejiBHoB CTeneaa t-jdns). 
IIpBiipQ: hhav'i'tavja bjib bhavantja (^to aojisbo 6utb); 
Jiartavja (toUendos) oti har (6paTi>, saxBaTaBan); stav-i-tofya 
orb ^M (npeBOSBOCBTb, xsajiBTb); cMd-antjay ksip-anija, bddh- 
an^a on Bopaefl chid ( paesajiHBaTb ), ^p ((pocaxb), budh 
(yiflaTb) X np« 



185 oytfoiRoi -ja. § 69. 

npuMfwauie. -tja vi kr-tja (qro cJitAjen x^itb, f/kJio), hhr-- 
tja (Koro AOJisBO noAAopsHBaTBi cjiyra), }A-tja (^to ffiAWLW eo- 
dpaTB, HaROiTUTB, KocTepi) H op. o($MCBiien lEieRxep'B — Com- 
pond. 893 — hbi xp<)BHJiro -^tvja sa EHnycKon v no npiqiat 
B66iiaro3ByqU aroro ciora; TasHi'b o^paaoai hrtja^ hhrtja i np. 
CTOAiH 6h BxtcTO ^'kf'tpja^ ^ht't'i^aj soropHa B!b cbod ove- 
peAB coKpan^euH hsi nepBoea^ajibe. ^kar-tav-ja, hhar-tavja h 
np. -^ja bi seacs. poA^ -^i^i odpasjiomee cym.6CTBHTejibHHa upe- 
HMyiueCTBeHBO oTBJieqefluua, KaKi^-To: i-tjA (xoai), aop. i (ha- 
th), ^'tjd (ao6tAa), Rop. §i (ao6txAaTb) a np,, BOSBOAarca n 
cy4»$Hscy ti^t^. Schleicher^ Gompend. 452. Sa^cb hosho rasse 
npuBecTU ptABO BCxptqaDiuiaca oaonqaHia <-t^a a -sja aicio- 
Baz% BTopaqearo ofipasoBania: dhenu-^d (npHBaaaHHaa Bopoaa), 
OTi dMnu (iiopoBa); manu-sja (qeiobiiii) oti manu (MaHy, 
npaoTeicB jiiOAeH), aop. man=^ma; pitr-vja (($paTi> OTiia) orB 
pitar (oTeiii); hhrdtrvja (guhi (SpaTa, conepHHsi, cp. J?d%fZ. 
& Both, Skrt. Wtb. Y, 409). IIo HBiBix) BeH({)6a -pja cospa- 
meao H3i» 'vaja^ Benfey, ToUst. Gramm. d. Sanskritspr. 244. 

§ 60. npHMipH nepsaqaaro cj^^^uaca -ja bi jip6BH6-6aa- 
TpiScKoa^ B^hLK/b : vakhs-ja (poCTi>) Bh frasa-vakhsja (pocTi), 
sop. vakhSf caucap. vaks^ cp. aopj.ca. vax-a^ totck. vahs-jan; 
jpac-ja (hop. pac=pak) bx nagu's-jjoc-ja (coatHranie TpynoB^); 
gaf'ja (nponacTB, rjiytjHHa), aop. gap^ cp. cancap. gamlih-tra^ 
(riytfoKiif), aop. gdbh (cp. aarx. to ^ope <c aiaib, TpecaaTBca»); 
'dtQ'ja (yqauiill), cp. qdthro-diQJa (<cyqaiuiB saarb (5.iecEb») 
Bop, dig (yaasHBaTb, yqarb), cap. dig bbi ^dikj rpeq. SslK-yvfjit 
(jaasfiiBaio); vaidh-ja (sHaioiAiH), bbhht. v(ddh4m asi ^aidh- 
ja-niy 3a Bsnycaoai aoHeqaaro -a, aop. t;td[y cp. cap. vid-jd 
(saaBie, aayaa); giv-ja (sHByo^iB), aop. giv (xaib). 

GjiiAyDaua caoBa aa -ja aatioT'B saaqeuie npaqaciiB ($yAy- 
n^aro apeHeaa CTpaAaTOJCBaaro aajiora: -dareg-ja (^=cap. drg^ja), 
cp. hvare-dareg-ja («noAJiesau(ii B^Liaaii) coiaAa^); is-ja (se^ 



Gy<»o. ^a Bi XP«-BiKTP. as. § 60. 187 

laevHfl) on is (xejian); kars-ja (<xqTO aojisho TfleyTB, o^pa- 
tfaTHsaTB^), Bop. hares = esp. kars. Bi cjitAJDoiHxib cioaaxi, 
HanpoTHBi, 'ja npnAaen rJiarouHOMy BopHD saaqeHie a^Bctbh- 
TOJbHaro npiiqacTiii : bair-ja ( Hocamil, nanp. vb ^nqaretho- 
hairja^ beibj Bocirmilf*), sop. har^ cap. bhar ; main-ja hbc- 
jamifly npH8aBai)niii8)y sop. man; gaos-ja (()jiecTanti9)9 na-np. bi 
'hu'^os'ja (xopomo OiecriintiB), Kop. (uc (ropftTb), bi pacoiH- 
peHHoH ^opnft gukhs ; khraog-ja (yxacaioiiiiK, HcnoJiHeHBHfi crpa- 
xa), Bop. khruQ (KpRqan. myMtTB), csp. krug. 

IIpHiftpu cxoBi Ha cj4>4I^Hi;c% 'ja cb BTopocTeneHHHii o6pa- 
BOBaBieiiy EB'b ROTopuxi tfoJibOTHHCTBo DpeACTaBJiHOTi npHJiara- 
njihJLBSi : raitk'ja (Aopora), cp. hizvo'taith-ja (njTb asuKa), 
oiT^ratha (sojiecnHiJia, noB03Ba)— KOHeqaaa rjiacaaa, oco^eiHO xe 
Cy nepeA'b "ja qacTO OTtfpacHBaeTCii h sopeHHaa rjiacnafl qacTo 
noABepraexca ycraeiiiio ; aithr-ja (ttyqeoBBi, noHB»i!K)ouH cBan^eH- 
BHa BH0rB3» cp. Taaxe ^gato-aithrja^ bi cHucji'b npojarareaBua- 
ro «HHiDmifl coTHK) JqeBfIKOB^I)y ot^ aethra (yqesie, aacTaa- 
jeaie) — coxpauHjiocb ai> a^thra-paiti (HaciaBBBBX, B.iacTHTejiB 
yqeaia); baesaz-ja (utJietfaiiH, a'bqHTejbHuB), oti baSsaza (ji^bi), 
ep. caacBp. bhisag (ji'bKapB); vAg^r-ja (noaeaofl), oti> vdgtra 
(ayr%9 nactdame), Bop. vakhs (pacTa) ; paidh-ja (Hora), ci asMt- 
mniewb BopeaaoB raacaoB on pddha (nora), Bop. pad (batr); 
paithja (BaacTB^ san^aTa), iianpoTHBi, odpaaoaaao nocpeACTBOH'B 
DpocToro cy^ij^HBca -a (ot'b paiti=cviip. pati <Kdoininasx>); bdm-- 
ja ( daacTaTe^BBulfy cianniifl)^ otb bdma (((jrecKi, ciaaie), cp. 
tigpo'bdma h vtgpo-bdm-ja (acCBHa dJiacTaTeaBHuB); barethr^'a 
(cnpeABH, eoaoKynHocTB Mx^» co6ctb. vopoucoieAniie h31» yTpo5a 
larepneB^X ^'^'^ baretar (<icBocaTejiB», sa-TtHi b'b nepeuocaoH'B 
eaacat ^xaTepaaa yTpoi^a, HaTB») Bop. bar (HecTH}; ddU-ja 
(saBoaBuil, aipHufl), otb dd-ta ( nocTaHOBwieHie, saaoHi); sop. 
dd ; -mdhrja (-atcaqHHH) bi» bi'm(ffi'ja (AayxKicaqauii), thri- 
mdh-ja (TpexMicaqHuH), nava-mdh-ja (AeBaTH-]iftGaqBii8) b np., 



188 oyft«irK€-b -ja. §§ 60—61. 

on mdohh (HiMiii, Jf aa), xp.-nepc. mdha (Spiegel, Altpers. 

Eeilinsclir. 214), nepcHAcn. mdh, sop. md (<KHftpHTB»; Tan- 

wo «jiyHa»=<Kpa8HtpADiii;afl)», t. e. «Bpeiii)»); vahm-ja (<xo* 

ctoVhhS 6hte npH3HBaeMHHi» = acinYoeandas» — npeAcraBDien 

no SBaqoHiD npu^acTie (SyAyntaro BpevoHH cTpaAareuHaro aajioray 

xoTJi npoflsomjio HenocpoACTBeHBo on eyfl(ecTBBT6JiiHaro)i on vah* 

ma («npB3HBaBiex> — Bopeflb jsadEiBaeT'b Ha vanhu «xopoBiil», cp. 

jivahuhi «AO<$poTai>); nmr-ja («HysecBiBy lysecTBO^), on nar 

(nara a^ejoBtsx, MysqBHa^), hhoh. nd; verezen-ja (jcbiiTejiBHRl), 

on verezena (a^^tojibboctb, patfoTaHie)| sop, varez (AtKcTBO- 

BaiB, TpyAHTBCii); khsafn-ja (ooqEofl), on kksap-an (aoqE), csp. 

hhsapf nepcHACK. seh, Ap. nepc. iJisapa (Spiegel, Altp. Eeilinschr. 

194); hainja (npBBaAJiesaiiiiS nenpiiiTejBCBOMy BoBcsy), on 

haina (boScko), sop. M, cp. caHCsp. sdin-ja on sind, h np» 

§ 61. Bb rpe^ecKOH^B flSHsft oaouuHie -ja ynoTpetfuoTCJi 

iipesBH^alao vacTO, oco6eHHO sasi c;$$hbc% btophwhS npi 

otipasoBamH HHoaaecTBa npuarafejibHHX'b. He p^ASO npi npi- 

eraBst btofo OBOHqaaifl ki aopHO npoHcxoAHn nepecTasoBBa 

BBysoB'B Bi TOHi HanpaBAOHiH, qro j osonqaBU (BOTopoe, no 

tByBOBHHi npaBuai'b, BcerAa aojkxho aaHftHATBCfl rjiacBOD «ix>^ 

nepexoAHn vh cJton BopenHol^ las^-qTO oEoaqaHioMi OBasEi- 

BaoTCJi OABO -00 (o\ TorAa-Kasi BacTOnn^iH cy^^HBCi -;;a; m- 

Ban oepecTaHOBBa npoecxoABn no npsx^bpy HHorHxi rjiaroJiBHSX^ 

wn BacTOBii^aro apeiieHH: relv^ (''^By)» ^^'^ *revj(», Bop. rar-, 

[xsl^'OfJtMi (nojiyqan cbod aojid), hsi ^lAe^-^o/Mi, Bop. ijl9^ 

Keif-m (cTpBpy), Hsi \sq-jo), Eop. xef- Hop. ?aoTo j aBMOfcx 

eBpiITBHM*B SByBOHl, UB Vb CBHOMl BOpst, Bl nOCa^AHefl CHflC- 

qoHBoH ero BJiijiHieBi corJiacHoB (ra^'B Banp« b'b ^, npoHcmoA* 
nen Hsi -^'*)y HAi Bi rpyBai Asyxi TOXAecTBeHHSXi come- 
HHXi, wh BOTopHXi BTopsfl npOACTaBirflen ;noAo6ji6Hfloe npoA- 
]iiecTByi»ii(eS j, aanp. Bor^a -w»=V^ -o-trpeaeijoft, ?g« i np« 
HlBOTopHii spBJiaraTejbHBX m -:;a HaiiovHflaDn oiobiaho vaek 



C7ft». -ja Bi riTBqBOKOi'B £8. § 61. 189 

npi^iacTil cTpaAaTOibHaro sajrora, xoth npaBHjfBHHn $opB*B t,M 
aioro nocjiiAHuro ho osaaHBaeTCff. ULn npHiipoBtb, vh koto- 
pim -ja conpAsoHo ci TasHM orapaBJieHiei'By mokho npiBe* 
era exbAjDmie: W/ic-io- (HxeH. rZ/iciop cnoHTeHHHV, j^parouia- 
bbI»), fjar« niA-uM (^ry, noqiTaD}; erruy-io- (Hxea. ^rvytos 

«H6BaBHCTBHB»), SOp. OTuy-I (TTvyiM (HOHaBHSy); 00-10- (flHeH. 

00-10-^ «CBflTo8») — B'bpoflno Vb cbbsh ci ay-io-c (cBJimeH- 
hh9), cp. caHcap. ja^-jd (colendus, venerabilis), aop. ja^ (no- 
WTan); (pov-M- (HMee. (pivsoff ccytfiMcTBeBHuI, KpoBaBul) — on 
<Po¥'m (y6HBai)); Epoit (povsof sa nepecTaaoBRoB j ynoTpetf- 
jjieTca naze (pow-o-s. ^aqe ojtBaso vh TaaH» npuaraTejiB- 
iHxi, odpaBOBBHHHn BOMOfliBi) nopBH^flaro "ja^ ycaaTpBBaeTca 
^THomeflie iMcTBETe^BBoe bi^cto CTpa^aTejiBHaro: yn^-;o* (iiea. 
vf^io^ «He roBopBqiK, HepasyxHHfl, pe6eH0K%») isi ^vif-p^gr-io-y 
iop» ^Bir^=vdk «roBopBTB» (cp. p0\|; isi vop-s^^vok-s «ro- 
jioci»); asi^io^ (bm. o-^/^/o^ cxryaiiB, bioBhqBb, Basi cyqeCTBi- 
TOJiBHoe: «co3Bft8Aie nea, cspiyci^X on trei^i-oioo («sry, CBft- 
^y»; o-^/f- cocTOHn bi cBasa ci o-eA- b% ^K'»s «((jiecRi, ci- 
Mie», cap. 6t;ar ctfjieca^B, Be($o»); (r(pocy'io* (hi. a<pccyioff 
«y($KBai)]i^iB, BaaaiiaDiiiiB])), riar. (r(pec^(» (y($HBai)y saRajiHBai)), 
sop. xr<p»y'\ xuf-io* (rmh. xu{»/or «rjiaBHHfl, BasHHB», aasi 
eyo^ecTBHT.: ocrocnoAHHi, BjiaA4bTexB»X aop. xuf, cp. xu^^o) (ao- 
CTBraD), Kv^'os (cHja, cy^aocTB); bi trKohjos (apHBoB, coray- 
tbB, iozhhB), on tndh^ (HBcymai), A'bJia» TBepAHii) bm« 
cKeXrjoo caopte npeotfjaAaen SHawBie CTpaAarejiBHoe; rasi h 

IIpHHipH cynieeTBHTeiBBHX'By 0KaH^BBai>iiiHXCfl Ha nepBH^uHl 
ey^ij^iaci -ja: i|A*io- (HieH. tiX-io-ff ^comnfiy^), aop. nA-=CBp. 
waf| cp. s4r-ya (cojiBi^e) nai ^svar-ja (aa Bunycaoii aopeH- 
aaro a^; aojiiBca. i3f/^-(» ("^^^i^cc «BopeHB») hsi ^(if^S-jec^ 
^vnd-ja^ caHCBp. vardh (pacra)— Ton-xo sopoHB, aa BHoy- 
caoai HHOTAa aa^axBHoB conacBoBi nonaAaeica i bi lepua^ 



190 cy4>4kHico'B -ja. g 61. 

CKH» napftqinxi, cp. Bopics. rot (sopenb) H31 *V'rot^ iHOat. 
^ircjo rcstr, h^m. u;Mrjer-e2 (ci yv6Hi»mHTeJbHnxi oKOH^aHien), 
anrif. roo^ (cp. h niai. ae^s-ro^^en (xHCKopeHHTB, i!CTpe($ETb») 
H np.; fJLocv'ioc (dimeHCTBOy flpocTb)^ Kop. /jlocv, tmv. fjixlya>, 
IJLxlv'OfjLUi H8*b fjixv'joo (tficflyncB); /ixo7^e» (h3% ^/j^o^-jcc <cqacTB9 
AOJiflx)), Kop. //f^-: fjiei^oixoLi (aoj[jqa» cbok) aojiid), cp. Tasxe bev^ 
ixo^'icc (tfoi^ecKoe onpeAtjenie); vlvvo^ {foxb^ npoHCXOXAOHie), 
H8^ ^yev'jcCy BOp. yev-; S^crcrcift (flOjieHmima) HSl *bf\r''j»^ OT* 
diyr-y cp. d)|rfU(St) (HaBHHaH)Ck, patfoTaio sa njiar;); o^n (iiypnol 
sanaxx), nai *oJ-;?ce cp. o^-oc^-ii (sanaxi, bobi>), KOp. o(J-; otix- 
iO' (hm. ot^A/o^ (ci(t.ie($HH8»)y riar. ovX-oj (a SAopoBi); AiWo^ 
(=AJrro( «apocTS, (5traeHCTB0, »api») fl3i *\vt'Jcc^ OTiyjui 
Autro-a/vo) (HeHCTOBCTByH)) bbi ^vr-jecy-jco^ ^;^4 Aur- pacmBpefl- 
Bafl j^opMa KopBB Au-: aJa) (pnsBaaHBaK)); Trivet (Hora, o6niBB- 
Ka), B3i ^'Trs^'joc, Kop. 7reS=pad; a-cpsyy-io- (MMea. o^ryy/w 
anep6BB3B»), Mar. (T(plyyoi> (CTurBBan); Ttel^u (oonrBi bobht- 
Ea, AoaasaiejibCTBo) b3i *7r€^'jcc Kop. ^^f -, war. tts^^ccIvoj (co- 
Bepman, AOCTHraw); ^/(jo-a (cMOJia, AoroTb), B3i *7rtK'jec, Kop. 
pakj cp. ApeBHe-6o.ir. nbK-A'Ly jiai. pic-s^pix; (rx,i^cc (ocxo- 
Jio&i, BOJitBO, cipt.ia), Hsi ^(rx.t^'jocy cp. (T%/(?-n (h-ycoKi), cBp. 
Kop. c%i({ (pacKa.iUBaTi)), Jiar. scind-ere, cyi^ecTBBT. scis-sura 
(Tpe^HHa) n3i^ *sc%d'tura\ notiq-os (speBa); B3b Kot^-jo^e^ sop. 

npBMlipKi cy$(|)0Kca -/a bi cjioaaxi BiopaqDaro 0($pa80BaBia: 
^o/^IX'so' (BieB« Tfohijjiioe «Bpari}», Baai BpBJiiraTejiBHoe ctBpax- 
Ae6BuH»)| on TtoKsfjios (boSbb): A^wo- (bu. AoVo^ «cjiob6C- 
bbB, KpacHopt^BBuB), OTi Koyos (cjobo), Kop. Ar/-; ve^e^-io^ 
(flOABeiBHS), OTi vi^re^os (BHsniB), cp. vi^efos (sbtcjii npoBc- 
noABcS, yiepfliie); itoci^-to- (bbob. Ttcct^lov ocabtb^ pe((eEOBii>), 
OTi> ^c»/<r-: ^(K7ic (tt^^'/v), poA. Tgrni-os (abtb), cp. h ^{»/^(i» 
(arpai)) bs^b Tgot^i-joo (AeBOHBBaTBBi on 9rt»/(f-); c»Ir-ic- (bioe. 
ct/r/0^ «bbeobbh8»X on alr-U (apH<iBHa), nar. 0»lr-ia» (Tpe- 



cy»o. 'ja B% rpBir. as. § 61. 191 

((jD, BHnpamHBai)) — vh cur-io-s -ja osasHBaeTOi OKOH«iaHiem 
BTopocTeneHHHir, a bi eclr-lcc nepBHqBHiii; oxH-io- (bmoh. oA/3- 
les* atfjiaseHBHS, cqacTJiHBEiB»), orb o/Soff ((SoraTCTBo, ((jiaseH- 
CTBOy c^acTie); oibx-io- (hhoh. abXios — OTBasHuB, xajtsiii), orb 
cibKoff (BoeHHHH HrpH, noABHra); t^Tr-io- (wmoh. I^r^/^f «jio- 
]BaAHH£iH»), OTi !Wo^ (jiomaAb); ifA-itoi-iO" (hvob. ifjL7(oho¥ 
«npenATCTBie»), orb c^oJ- (nora)^ HMen. itoZs^ poA. 'Tfoi-os; 
dhlr^'to-s (opecTynHfifl), ot'b uKir^os (rp'bmHBBi, (SedsaBOflHBBi); 
Bfo/x-iO' (rayMBHfi), oTi a^ofjLos ((njMi); ^svS^-io-v (jiepeBiio) orb 
ievS^ov (<xAepeBO)!>; -^a npHAaeii ba^cb cjniecTBBTeabfloiiy Bsa- 
qcBie yMeflbmBTejTBBoey pasno bbki bi Tfxii'lo-v); >^B'tO'S (TaK- 
Hfifl, CKpHTBHH), oT'b A>f3if (aadBCBie), nop. TuxS"-; ihoc(P'iO' (oie- 
BiS), on thj»<pos (ojieHk); ^ovK'-io- (jkhhK, pascyxBTejibHEill) orb 

liovX-fi (cOBtTi); oiycLcract (BjiaA4TeJIbllB^a), HSl ^ccvclkt-Jci, on 
iva^ (ooBOJiHTeJib, BiacTHiejib), hsi ^dvUKr-^j poA. ^vccxro^; 

HH. fiiA/y pOA* /JtihiT'O^m 

Cdab npflBaAJiesan h oKaa^BBanniiflca na -Ju cymecTBHTOJib- 

HEUI, BpOfl3BOABUfl OT'b ApyrHXl CJOB'b CI nepBH^AHHE OBOflqaBU- 

MMf Banp.: drvx'la (sjiooojiyqio, Hecqacrie), OTb rvX'^ (cJiJ- 
qaS, cqacTbe), Kop. rvx-f cp. rvyxdvco (cjiyqaTbCH, AOCTHraib), 
npocT. aop. 6-ru%-ov; im'BvfjL'ict (aje-iaflie), on dvfjL-os (Hyse- 

CTBO, qyBCTBO, IHCJIb), BOp. dv- (TaBl-KaK'b n7-/L(0 OKaSUBaOT- 

€fl OKOBqaBieM^i ep. caecBp. dhijlma=t^UM^\ uva^'ia (($68- 
Baqajiie), on »^'ii (eaqajio); avro-voix-la (caioyapaBJieBie, 
BeBaBBCHMOCTb), on yoix'os (saBOfli), rjiar. ve/Moi (pasAtjai), 
onpeA^BD); oixrict (eyqecTBO, HMtRie) — nn ^ovr-ju^ja SAtcb 
upBCTaBioBO Ri npiqacTii) sacTOiin^aro BpeMOHH KopBB as: eliii 
iff-fju: dv' oxxra Wh ^ovr-joj poA» ovr-offj xeaCK. poA* ov<r-tig; 

fn-v^f^'icL ((oBBiTpie, BOApo) — t% ycHjeHiexi rjacaoS vb sopea- 
Bon cjiOBt Hsi vti-aye/jL-iOf on ocye/jioff (BiTcpi), Rop. an^ op. 
Mr. an-ima; ai^f-ia (bcbrb noroAa^ BOApo), on al^^ (aeapi, 



I 



192 cyftftHRoi -^a. % 62. 

BHcoKiI cjioS B03i(yxa), rxar. <ub» (saseran, ropD), sop. id- 
ep. caHcsp. indh (roptTb^ cUrb), Ap.-H'bH. eit (oroHi)) h xp.- 
(Jo jr. B6A-|^o (serenitas); h-sr-lct (ABjxatTie), otb ?rcp (roA'B) 
H np. 

§ 62. JlaTHHcsiB ashb^ B8o<$itJiyeT:B cjtoaaHE ci cy^^nseon 
-^a, ROTopuB npiicTaBJiiieTCii o^ohb qacTO k% rjaronHHMi sop- 
Hflii, oco($eflHo eexH obh cjiosbh c:b npeAJioraHS, xotji saorxa 
1 TpjAHO pftmHTb, npeACTaBJuerb u cy^^Hsci OEOH^aBie nep- 
BH^Boe ub BTopaqfloe. IlepBBqBHiii osasEiBaeica -ja aaBp. bi 
CJi'bAyDfl^Hxi CJiOBaxi: vU-iO' (^cnoposi^ HiieB, vitium)^ i8% ^'vit- 
ja^ Bop.tnjy rjiar. vitare (HatfirarB); jt&-ia (({iJielTa), sop. tib=tab9 
cp. rpeq, tv^-r-ft) (yAapan) h rvfjiTf-avev (6apa($aHH); $acri'leg- 
fo- (hmob. sacrUegium «CBaTOTaTCTBoi>), sop. leg (cotfEpaib); 
prae-m-io' (aarpajiay BosAaHflie), hsi *prae-em-fo-ySop« em- (rjiar. 
em-ere «nosynan»9 bo bi nepBouaqaiBHOHi BBa^eHin <{6paTB, nojiy- 
wfB»— cp. cxp.jam; npoE8BOACT80j>raem-ia- onproeft-ereBecBia 
coHHHTeJiLBO, H6 cKOTpfl xaso Ha saTpjAHHi^JBHoeTB otfiiieHeBia 
BBysoBHXi laxiBeHiH); per-fug-io (anpHtitiKHmei) — jhuqb. perfu- 
gium)j sop. fug- ((54aaTB), csp. Ihu^, rpe^. ^vy-, cp. (pvyti 
(tfftrcTBo), rjiar. (psvyoo; parri'dd-io- (HieH. parn-ddium 
«OTii6y4$iHcTBO, ocRop^jeeie BeuvecTBa^), an ^patri-^ eaed-to-f 
TAt coed' op6ACTaBJiBeT!B $opxy npHUHHTeiBflaro sopsa on cad 
(naAaTB); of-fic-to- (nen. of-fie-ium « OAOJixeaie, aojishoctb, 
o((H8aflflocTB»), m% ob-fac-io-j sop. fac (A^JiaTB)^ rasi h b% 
iBdi-fie-dum (cTpoesie, BAanie); od-io- (Hxefl. odium «HeHa- 
BHCTB»)y VMV. od'i (HeHaBHAitB), sop. od; nau'frag-iO' (HieH. 
naufragium <csopa($JieBpymeHie»), sop. frag, rjiar. frang-ere 
^josaTB), cp. frag-mentum (oTpiiBos'b), csp. sop. hha^^, rpev, 
^7-vu-/ui sop. §»y Qecyw ^Tpe^Hfla, nien); /bZ-to- (hmoh. fo- 
lium «j[RCTi», co6cTB. «T0y ^To nospHBaeTift), sop. var; lus- 
icifi-ia ( cojiOBoB ) — b^ -ctn- bo bcesoh^ ciyqat yciaTpHBaoTCa 
HBiiBOuioe -can-, xota OTHOciiejiBHo nepBoI tacTH, ^lus-, xoxho 



07AOHK01 -ja Bl JI4T. Hs/ § 62. 193 

BHCKnsaTL offlUL TOJBBO npoAnojioseaifl; in-vid-ia (saaHCTB), sop. 

Vid ( CtfOTptTB ) — B3'B TOFO SO sopHH o((pa30BaHo AP«-^0Jir. ^a- 
KHC-Th = *za-vid-t% nocpeACTBOMT* cyijxj^anca -ti; in-gen-io- 
(HveH. ingenium axapasxepi, npaBi, CMtTiUROCTbx)), Kop. ^en; 
in-dic-io' (hm. indicium ^oosasaHie, npffxiTai))^ sop. (2io («ro- ' 
BopflTb», HO nepBonaq. cnoKasuBaibx)), cp. rpe^. ^elKWfxi, csp. 
<2t(; in-cend'io {van. in-cendium ocnosap^)i>), sop. candy cp. 
eafk2-ere (6j!HCTaTE>, oHjaTb); cand-idus ((^.lecTiiii^iif, 6tJHff, hcb- 
peHHiH), CBp. cand ((^jiecttTb), can(2-ra («jijHa» = atfjiecTfl- 
luafltt); gaud'iO' (itm. ^at^eJie^m «paA0CTb3!>X r.iar. ^a2d[*era(pa- 
AOBaTBCii), Kop. ^tt{2 (npHXHsaoTi, HoseT'b 6htb, ki repuaecB. 
gtid=godf cp. AP*-u'i^v- A;^^^? cp. h^m. guot^ totcb. ^o(2-5, nopACB. 
^orf-r, anrj. good axopomifl, ao(^pbB», cp. /SbAaeZe, Altd. Wtb. 
231); fa-stig-io' (HMen. fastigium «BepxymK8, BucoT^y>), sop. 
^i^ (bi SHaqeniB ocnoAHBHaTBCAn), cp. AP«-t$ojir. CTi^a (ciesir, 
TpoHRHEa)) Hai ^sttg-ja, nar. CTHrHXTH, fotcb. s^ei^^-an (doa- 
EBiaTBCii), cp.-B'bM. sttg-m ( ccvx^ccivesv ); cDAa-se othochtch 
H jaT. ve-stig-ium (cjitxi); ex-sU-io- (hm. ex-aUium «B3rHa- 
Bie, itCTO BBrHaBiBD), Bop. sal, cp. saZ-Ire (cGaBaTB); ef-fig- 
ie- (nen. ef-figies fern. «H30({paseBie, noAO({ie»), B3i*ca:-/J^-, 
rjar. fing-ere (jitoHTB, BaatB, otfpaBOBaTB)^ sop. fig. cp. fig^ 
ura; cop-ia (u3o($BJiie, hhosocteoX Bop. cop=^cap (dpaiB, sa- 
XBaTUBaiB), cp. pyccB. Kon-umh^ nyn-a; col-loq-io' (n. col-loq- 
turn «pa3roBopi»)y bsb cum-loq-, rjiar. loq-ui (roBopBTB); de- 
2ic-ia- (flxeBBT. uh. deliciae aaoTtxa, satfaBai))^ Kop. -lie, cp. 
ulUcere (mn *ad'lacere - «opBHaBUBaTB»); spec-ie- (bk. spec- 
ies <i(B3riHA'B, (I)opxa, BHAix)), Eop. sj^oc- ; con-nfi&-io- (hhcb. 
connubium adpaBi, npaBO CfnpyxecTBa», sop. nub : nubere (BCTy- 
DHTB B^ 6paB%), cp. qefflcB. jsa-s-noub-iti (o6pyqBTB, noxoA- 
bhtb); diS'Sid-iO' (hhoh. dissidium ocuecjuacie, pasAopi^), Bop« 
^ed (cBAtTB )=5ac?; di-luv-ic' (bah -to-, Hi. diluvies = dilu- 
vium «HaBOAHeflie»), sop. lu=^lav (hutb); lecti'Stern-iO' (bv. 

13 



194 cy«9HKoi -ja. § 62. 

lecti-stern-mm aocoCeHBuB po^'B yrooieBifl 6oroBx»), Kop. stern 
=star (paacTHJiaTi). 

B'b eJiiAyK)iUBxi» cjor.axi -ja upeACTaB.iaeTi cRop'be cy^)^)^^!^ 
BTopocTeneHHHlf, ^tHb nepBHMHufi: mac-ie' (aitn. macies «cyxo- 
■ HiasocTb, TomecTi), cp. mac-er (Toin.iH), Bop. mak : mac-ere 
(Plaut. «(5htii cyxomaBHMX»), jp. utM. magar, iiopACE. mag-r; 
ausj^ic-io- (BMee. au^piaum «nTBii6raAaHie»), B3i*at;i-6;jK>ac-^a-, 
o($pa3DBaHO vipoflTBO HenocpeACTBeiifio ot^ cymecrrHT. au-spex 
(poA. aw-sf ic-i5 H3^ *at?t-5pac-s «nTHAeraaaTejiL»), Rop. spec= 
spaJc (cMOTptn), CKp. pag ; au-gur^io- (hm. augurium ((nnme- 
raAauie, npeACRaBaHie, npopo^ecTBO))) hb'b *avi-gar-jay 0T^ au- 
gur (ApeBH. auger a^TH^e^aAaTe.^^> DpeABtmnTO.iB»), Kop. gar^ 
cp. caHCBp. gar («3By<iaTi>», BeAan^ecB. <xxBaj0TB»), AopH<T. 
ycc^'voo (noD, roBopro), jibtobcb. ^ar5-a5==Ap.-<Jojr. riia-CL — Ha 
C^exi HsilHeBiii am- Bii aee- (sa BsnycBOM'B rjacHoB -i) cp. 
auceps (^TH^eJIOB^), h3^ ^avi-cap-s ; con-jug-io- (BMen. conju* 
gium «6paKi, cynpyajecTBo»), on canjux (cynpyix), Bop. jug 

(COOABRBTb). 

FadDHpeHie aroro cyilt^^iiKca (saEi cepBH^Baro) ycuaTpRBaeTca 
BCJ[1)ACTBi6 npBCTaBSH H'B HOMy HOBaro OROB^iaHifl -m, o6pas;]D-. 
Qiaro cyn^ecTBHTeJiBHHfl seHctcaro poAa, ci oTB^ieqeiiauHi SBaqe- 
RiOM'b; BopeHb rjiarojibHuS bi Tasou^ rjEyqat qame Bcero (IciBa- 
eTi coeAHBBi^B cb npeA^oroMx: su-spic-io-ni- (Hwen. ^wspicio 
fem. anoAosptHiew), h31 *se^&-5^Hic-, Eop. spac; 9to cjobo uo 
npHBiiBny o6pa30BaHO 8*5 coBepiiieHHou'b corjiacia ci py^cB, nod- 
O'sprbuie (^emcK. pod-e-jsrentj^ rpei. vir-oyp-loc, H3b *v7ro'07r-T' 
ja (cp. l^ofjiui «a 6yAy BBAtTB, yBHay))); oC'Cid-io-ni- (gjieH. 
occidio «y6iacTBo, Hcrpetfjenie) nai * oh-caed-io^^ arp. co^^; 
inter-nec-io-ni' (coBepmeHBoe no6ieHie, BCTpeCjieHie), Kop. »ec, 
cp. neoare (yCHBaiB), csp. noQ (norntfaTB), rpe^. v/xur (Tpyox), 
Ap«-({aKTp. naQU» Han poTB bi, noMo-m- (hmoh. no^to «noBiiTie») 
Be npBuaAJiexBT'B CDAa, HX'bH rjiaBHHJii cy(|)$HBCOMi> -ti (-tja-X 



Gy«ft. 'ja Bi JET, fls. § 62. I95 

Tasxe H db'Ses-sio-ni'^ (hit. obsessio «ocaAaD), flpoitcxoAflqee m'b 
ob-sad'tio-ni h np. 

npHHipGi CAowh ci> RTOpa^HUHi oKOH^ameKi -ja : prO'verb'iO' 
(nocjioBFma), OT^verbum (cjobo); per-tinac-ia (ynpHHCTBo), on 
pertinax (yupaMuB), Kop. fen (xepxaTb); hospit-io- (bm. %o5- 
pitium (xHoq.ion, rocTHBQHqa, rocTenpiHaicTBO») on ^^^f- (kx. 
hospes acTpaBHBB^, rocTB))); modest-ia (cKpoMHocTb), on modes^ 
tus (citpoMBHB), Kop. fnod=mat (MipHTi), cyniecTBHT. mod-us 
=rpe^. fxer^oVf cKp. md; minister-io" (cJiyat(5a), ah. ministerium^ 
oT'h minister (c^yia); vigilant-ia (6j[fiTejih]]0CTh)y on npajar. vi- 
gUanSj Kop. t;i^9 cp. vigere (npouBtraTb); prudent-ia (tfjiaro- 
pasysie, npeAyci:0TpHTej[i>H0CTi>)^ ot% npHJirax. prudens, cospa- 
n^eHiiaro hsx *providen8^ sop. vid ; ignomin-ia (cruxbj nosopi), 
H3X ^ingnomin-ia^ on nomen (bmb), et&p. naman ; /act^neJ-ia 
(spacnop'j^qie) on facunduSj sop. /a (roBopBTb), cp. /an^ fa- 
tiis ; in-jur-ia (iiecnpaBeAJiBBOCTB, ofiHAa), on /wr- (j'«*5 «iipa- 
B0»); e-greg-io- (hm6b. egregius «OT;iBqHHB», co({ctb. ccesicTa- 
xa Bu($puuHHB»), on grex, fo,\. greg-is (cTaxo); divit-iae (60- 
raiCTBo), on divit- (oaeB. dives «(5oraTHiI»); custod-ia (cipa- 
za, oxpaneHie), on custod- (HHeH. custos <(CTpax'b» xpaHS- 
Tejib»); aU'Cup'iO' (ccQTHiiejoBCTBox>, huob. az^M^mm^i on a^i- 
cu- (hucb. auceps (cnTBi]ieiOBi»); in-op-ia (aejiOGTaTOBfs, <$ftA" 
BocTb) on 0^3 (mb. o^e^ (CAOcraTosi, 6oraTCTBO» cHiax)); lud- 
io- (bm. Itiditiis «aaTepi| TeaTpawibfluB TaBiioBQBK'b))), on7e^d!-e«5 
(flrp:)); princip'io' (vi)i. principium caaqaJOy BHcmaa BjiacTb»), 
OTi> princeps (leiMi : prin-cip- <icBaqajibBeKi, KBB3b»); lati- 
fund-iO' (bh. latifundium a^ojibmoe noMtcTbOD), on fund-us 
(abo, ycaAi6a, nou'bCTbc); aequi-noct-io- (h». aequinoctium 
cpaBHOBon^ioB), on nox (poji. nocti-s «Hoqb)») h np. Caacs- 
pHTCKOMy 'Sja (Banp. bi manu-sja aqejioBtsi») cooTBtxcTBy- 
en JtaT* -sio wb anxio- (HMea. anrrii^s atfesBOBoBfluBy neqaiib- 
HuHi>}, TaKi-aaKi oho o^paaoBaflO hbx ^an^-^lo, on aopBfl ang- 

13* 



196 cyftftHKOi "ja. §§ 62—68. 

(6htb ysBHMi), cp. Ap. Ht». ang4 (ysKiB), cancicp. anh-Uj HopACB# 

dng-y AP- <5oJir. x^-ikK'b, Jiai, ang-ustus. 

CwAa ^pHMHKaeT^ h cy^^UKCk -eo (bi HMee.-ens), cootb4t- 
CTByiDiiiiH nepBOHa^aiBHOHy -ja h o^padyjoqiH npHjrararejibBHfl orb 
cymecTBHTejiBHHxt, cjitAOBaTejTBHO c^ oKOHWfliea'B BTopwqHHH^ : 
ign-eo' (HaeH. t^wews «orBeHBHH») hsi *ign-ja^ oti i^nts 
(oroBB), Ap.-(5oJir. orHb; m-er-co- (ffiieH. ciner-ms «nene»- 
BDfi)>), OTi cint5 (neneJii); corpor-eo- (itJiecHHH), oti cor- 
jpus (t4jo), Ap.-6aBTp. fteAri? ; femin-eo- (aeBcsiH), oti /em»a 
(aeamBBa); corn-eo" (porouoB), ott» cornu (porx) ; ebor-eo- (hs'b 
CJioHOBofi eocth), oTi c6wr (cjioBOBaa koctb), c^ kotophm'b co- 
iiocTaBJiaeTca caHcap. ihha (cjob^); lut-eo- (ii3i thih, rpasflaH), 
oTi lutum (thb.1, rpa3b) h np. 

§ 63. Bi roTCROMt asnai ■;;a npeACTaBJiaers cy$$Hac^ nep- 
BOTBaro H BTopavBaro otipaaoBania (qan^e bi nocj^ABelf 4>yBK- 
i^ih) h npHBHuaexi bi ofiouxi CJiy^iaax^ HKorAa eioie npatiaBov 
hhS BJieHeHT^ bocoboS, Taa^ - ^to OKOHqaeie -jan^ coBepmeHuo 
C0BnaAaeTT> c* jiaTBBCK. -ion. npBntpii cy(|)(j[)HKca -ja Baai nep- 
BOCTeneBBaro oaofliaBia: kun-ja (BMen. hunt ^cpo.T.t, noaoJit- 
Hie», MHoa. SHCJT. fcwn;a> Eop. ^an, cap. ^an (poamtl) — fotck. 
huni nepomjio h bi asHBi HcnaHcaiH, ta* at aeuy upHcraBJieHO 
cnepGAHai- (apadcB. onpeA. «lJIeu^): oZfwwa (poA^, npoHCXoacAe- 
Bie); haur-ja (aieB. Aawri ntr. «yrojib»), aop. ^-Aar (roptTb), 
cp. Ap.-(Jojir. xrAb; ga-run-ja (bmoh. ^aruni ntr. «coB4TOBa- 
Bie»), Bop. rww, cymecTBBT. rwna (laBHa, TaBaoe ptraeaie); wn- 
t;if-ja (Huea. unviU ntr. aueBtaeciBO, Be3HaHie»), aop. vU= 
cap. t;^, rpeq. h^ wh FcTlJ^flft (sBai)), Jar. t;t(J-eo(Buay); &a«d- 
ja (HaeB. &af»t2i fern. asaBBsaa, cbbbbx)), Bop. hand^ CGp. ftamJA, 
Ap.-(JoJir. RA^j-; hrop-ja (<cBpHax», hhob. hropi fern., bjfb Aro- 
jpcy, Kop. hrup, cp. BtH. rwfew (sBaxB) bbi *A-rw/'-; t;raA;-;a 
(hbch. waJj/a fern. «opecji*AOBaBie»), rjiar. vr\han (anpecit- 
AOBaTB», BiM. r&chen «iiCTHTB»),Kop. vrah; ban-ja (fem.^paaa^), 



cyftOHKoi 'ja Bi roTGR. JI8. § 63. 197 

Bop. lan-y cp. csBCsp. van (bi saaqeBifl «y6HBaTb»); braJc-ja 
(fern. «tfopb6ax>)> riiar. hrik-an (jEOHarb, 6opoTi>cfl), ufbrik-an 
(npeaupan); ^b-^a (fem. vpoAHfl, poACTBOX)), etM. sip-pe (bs's 
*3ti-ye), Bop. st&, cp. un-sib-is (HesaKOHiiuly 6e3($oacH£iB ) h 
ga^aib-jon (opMXBpHnca ci Kisii); HoseTi ((uThy c% aid cocto- 

HTb B'b CBA3H CaRCSp. Siv (coloro): lud-ja («JIHIlO)Dy BU. 2ii(2-Ja 

fern.)) Rop. ludj cp. liud-an (pacTn); t;t;>-;a (fern. ^BtHei^is), 
rjiar. veip^an ( yBtHqaBars, yKpamarb B^beuou^), Kop. vip^ op* 
V€up8 (htE&vb); vitya (fern. nacTBa), Kop. vin; gavairth-ja 
(HieH. gavairthi ntr. aaivpii^), oti t;aiW^an ((cCTar.OBBTbCiiy 
CAiiiaTbcn ») E np. 

Bi cji'bAjDniBXi cJOBaxi -ja OBaaHBaercii cy$ (1)111(6011 bto- 
pocTeneHHHMi: frijond-ja (HMeu. frijdndi fem. ^noApyra^), on 
frijonds (Apyri), Kop. fri^ csp. prt (jifoCmb); and-aug-ja 
(HHeH. andaugi ntr. <c;ihaox>) on augo {nnn), nop. ag^ Mr. 
oc- (ci yieHbiDRiejibHKDt'b oKouqaiueHi: oc-ulo^^ Ap.-6o4r. ok-o), 
cp. rjiar. at-aug-jan (caoBasaTb qT0-HR6yAb», cotfcTB. vupsiBe- 
CTH cepoAi) rjiasax)); andbdht-ja (aiieH. andbahti ntr. cccjiys- 
(ja»), orb andbaJUs (cjyra), r^ar. andbahtjan (cAi^arbiCOBep- 
niHTb ^TO-HBtiyAb); sop. bah conocTaBJHeTCfl BHorAa cb cnHcxp. 
bhag (no^BTarb, jiiD((flT», no.iyuTb B'b aojik)), Bpn?. npom. BpeM« 
bhak'ta (BtpauS); faura-daur-ja (uh6ii. faura-dauri ntr. 
«yzaua», co($ctk. <icNicTO nepoA'b Ai)epbiD»), ot% dfai^r (ntr. <cbo- 
poTa, AB6pb»)^ cKp. dvdr^ jk^.-Cojiv. ffihph; anda-laun^ja (nou. 
andalauni ntr. aBOSABMie, B03ue3Aid»), on laun (B08ii63Aiei 
BarpaAa), <^P* sigis-laun (Barfaja sa no6'b,i.y); faura-matU-ja 
(H16B. fauramathli ntr. «AOJiXHocTb BaASBpaieja, saBftAyv* 
maro»), on matU (pHBOKi), cp. matMjan (roBopHTb nytfjiiq- 
Bo); lausa-vaurd'ja (bmob. lausava/urdi ntr. «6ojitobha, ny- 
CTHfi €JioBai>)| oTh vaurd (ntr. ^cjlobo», aarji. word), Taai 
B andavaurdi (oTBin); an{2a-na^-ja (hioh. andanahti ntr. 
«Bpejifl oKOio HO^Hy no3AHiB Beqepix>,\ oti nahts (uon), rpeq. 



198 cyftAHRCB "ja. § 63. 

vu£, jai: noC'S nai noci-s, citp. nakt* (naptqie: ndktam); 
ufar*mel'ja (HMeH. ufar-meli ntr. c(HaAntfCB»), ox^meZ («nHci»- 
iio»— BO MBOK. wcj.), rjiar. meZ/an (nBcan); 6arm5A;,;a (hmch. 
harniski ntr. ccAtTCTBo, AticKiH Boapacii), on &ar» (ntr. ape- 
(5eB0KX»), cp. H harnildn (ijiaAeHei^^), oil oar. 6air-an (bc- 
CTO, poAHTb), CKp. 6Aar h np. 

npmitpii cJOBi ci nepBHqflHHi osoHqaBiexrs -ja^ si soTopoMj 
opncoeABBeBi) sbjbi hocoboB: vil-ja-n (bxoh. ^iZja m. «B0jax>)y 
poAHT. viljinSf Rop. viZ, rjrar. t;iya» (xoTtxb), Baci. Bp. vU^ 
jau (cociarar. naRj.), jar. vol- hs-b var, cKp. t;ar (BH^BparB); 
vein- drunk- ja^n- (BMen. veindrunkja m. c^c^or>y5•=«^BaBB^a»), 
Kop. rfriwA;, rJiar. d!m4an (dhtb), anadrinkan sik (yoHBaTBca, 
BanHBaTBCfl AO-ntflHa) — ko]^. drink ORasHBaeicn bo Bctxi rep- 

VaBCBHX'B flSHRaX'B H npBflajlJieXIITl HCRJI!D«lHTe.1BH0 9T0B OTpac- 

jib: cp. BopACB. drekka, nponi. Bp. drakk^ npoBcmeAinee BCJitA* 
CTBie ynojio(5^eBifl hsx *drank, AatCR. drikke^ BiBe^CR. dricka; 
af-et-ja-n (hmoh. afetja m. c<o({3Kopa» — Jiar. edax),Koi^. et=at 
(rjiar. it -an «tcTB»), CBp. adj Jar. ed-, Ap.-<5oJir. Ofl — cp. 
niih HB-B *jad*mi; U-hait-ja-n- (hmoh. Uhaitja m. «cBapjiHBKH 
qej[OBtR'B»)y Eop. haitf cp. riar. halt -an (3BaTB, nneHOHaTB); 
dulga-hait-ja-n (BiieB, dulgaJiaitja m. «3aflM0AaBeai»), KopeuB 
Toate haity Tor;ia-saRi dulg^s (x(JLn) saHiiCTBOBaBo h3^ c-ia- 
BJiHCKaro flSHRay cp. jip. -Cojr. fiflw^h^ r;i.t Bop. dh, dal- = CRp. 
dhar (AepaaiB); skU-ja^^* (HiieH. skilja m. «MflCBHE^»), Kop. 
skil (BeHSBtcTBaro 3iiaqeRifl); fask-ja-n (hmoh. faskia m. «no- 
Bfl3Ra») aaBxcTBOBEHO H3^ jiaT. fascia. 

Eme qan^e -yflOTpetfifleTCii -ja wb coeAHHeaiH c^ -n RaR'B cy(|^' 
$HRc% BTopocTeneHBHfi: baurg-ja-n (BMen. baurgja m. «rpas- 
AaBHfl^»)y gabaurg-jan (corpaacAftHHHii ), ot*b baurga (sduoB'B, 
yRp'bnjieBfloe mIcto), BOTopoe bi cbok) oqepe^B ^poHcxoAHT^ on 
rjtar. bairg-an (cspuBaTB, sasjiDqaTBy coxpasflTB), cp. b^m* 
berg' en, cocTOirn^ee h% cimuih cb berg (aropa]D = «coxpaHffD- 



cy«9. 'ja Bx roTGK. us. § 63. 199 

maif, yKpHBR»inan») — ai TOMy-aie uopHw npHMHSaeTi h ApesHe- 
6o.ir. ep'Er'L; gud-ja-n («cBfliaeuHHKi», H>ieH. gudja), or'h gud 
(<!ci;i.o.n)» = ei^oiXov — bo mhos, qwcjit 3Hai0Ti «6orH», cp. lasae 
gcUiuga-gud ntn «HAo.'r^, EynHpTi*), KOTopoe npHiiuKaeTt ki 
guth (Borx), cp. h gud-isks ((JoxecKiB), ga-gud-s (qecTHHif, 
6jaroqecTHBH8); vaided-ja-n- (hji<*h. vaidedja «3-io;itB, paa- 
(JoBiiHKi))) — vat coBna^iacTt ci jar. vae! (ynu! 6t,;a!), rpei. 
ova/, n HMtcTTi :utcb BflaqeHie <tm(dusr> — BTopna qacTb, ded-ja — 
o(5pa30BaHa on cymecTBHT. -dSd-s (.;tJio), KOTopoe ycMaipHBa- 
erc^ BTi CJiosKHHX'b missa-deds (^.lOAtauio), iitsi. missethatj H 
ga-dids (it-i'>), ocnoBHBaiomHXCii Ha Kopiit eZ^a-, csp, dhd^ 
rpeq. dc* — cp. rl-^'ixs) gauja-n (xMie.ib ospyra), oti ^at;i 
(ntr. ttOttpyrti)); svigljan (cBHCiyni, (JjieBrmHKT)), war. sm^r!!- 
o» (cBHCTath) — svigl hh b^ KaEOMi cjiyqat ho HoateT'b npeA- 
CTaBJiflTii cnHOCTO)iTe.ibBaro ViopwSj 6yAy4{f cio^ceho fl3i pasiiux'B 
ajiexeuTOBib, KOTopue t6mo£1 do cnocody CBoaro cocraBa n no 
suaHeHiio; fisk-ja-n (<xpu6aiii>») 0T^ fisk-a (aae^. /^A;s ((pH6a}») 
OTi> flensBtCTHaro Kopaif, paBHO aat&i cooTB'bTCTByK)ii;ee eiy h 
B'b ^opua.ibiiGM'b oTuoiiieQiH Jiar. pisc-is; aurt-ja-n (ca.i.oBHHK'B, 
BHHorpaAapb), hmck. aurtja oti *aurts (ae^iie, pacTCHie), cp. 
aurti-gards (oropoA'b) — Btpofliao aurt conpameoo hbi gaurt^ 
cp. BtM. ftrawi ((^yATO 0311 *kaurt), TorAa-KaKX anrji. garden 
^caA^) coiJuaAaeT'b ex totck. ^ards; t;aMr5/t;-ya-n (padoTBHK^), 
o« vaursfv (xtJiOj At^TcjibHOCTb). Ki> 3T03iy-ate cy$^BKcy npn- 
xHiiaiOT'b H DiHoroqvicjieHHHii ciOBa (sTopaqiiaro o^paaoBaHia), 0- 
EauqHBaioniiflcfl na ein- (uu'bioiiiia ai iiveHKT. naAea^t -ei, a b^ 
HueuHTe-ibiioai MHoaecTBeHearo -eins): baurei (<{pe»ii)| rjar. 
bairan (hccth), nop. bar, jaT. fer^t^. gabaur {Mix. «co6paH- 
Hoe, co^Jpaak); diup-ein (rjiy<50Ha), otb diup-s (rjydoKiB), cp. 
aarwi, deep, AaTca. dyb^ niBeACu. e^wft— Toii-me KopenbOKasH- 
BaeTca Tasse 6% jihtobcbo8 h cjiaBflacaoB ceMbi: jistobcr. dtib-ti 
(BHAaj«5MBaTb), Ap.-<5ojr. floynAh (ajwhctuB), AoynAHJia (yrjiytf- 



200 €y««iiKoi -;a. §§ 63—64. 

jLenie, jiostfHHa), qemcs. dujpio^ cp. h cepfics. dy6-0K == Ap.- 
tfojir. taxeok^l; braid -ein (niRpHBa), hmoh. hraidei, opRjarar. 
hraid'S (fflHpoBia)=srpe9. ^ActrJ^, citp. prth-u; hauh-hairt- 
ein (HMea. -<ei fern. «HaAMeHHOCTB^ BUC0KOKtpie»), oti hair-to 
(ntr. «cepAilo»), rpeq. xct^^lct, cap. hrdaja^ Ap.-(!ojir. cpihA^i|6 — 
TaKi H ^rcZu-Jk;^ir^- ein (xecTOKOcepAie); frdd-ein (6jiaropa3y- 
Mie, pasyiii), oti /r5d-s («pa8jiiBHH»— jpwiens^/anfAor-ieiAf- 
ein (pasjm^ie), oti ZetA; (maco, rpyni, bha^), BOTopoe o^oapy- 
XHBa6TC)i 6in.e wb nepBoM qacTH atH. leichnam (Tpya^) h roji- 
MRACB. lig-chaam (t^jio), anthar = <« ApyroS, BTopoB» (aerji. 
other); thvairhein (ra'bBi, cnop^), on npajiar. thvairhs (cep;iH- 
THi); hindar -veis ' ein («KOBapcTBO» — J^oAof), on hindar-veis 
(jiyKaBQffy KOBapHHff), sop. CJIOB* *veis (vyApHfl sapiens^ cp. un- 
veis (HeBtaecTBeHHHH)y Kop. vU=tnd; faihu-frik-ein (cKpfls- 
BflqeCTBOy CKyncCTB) orb npHJiaraT. faihu-friks (BopucTOJUo^HBiiB, 
sa;iBn9)j npocT. *friks (AepaiiiS, saAHHH), atH. frech h op. 

§ 64. Bb BOpACROHl JISHKi Cyil^j^HKCb -;;a COXpaHHJICA B^ KO- 

HeqHou'F -i HHorfln cyqecTBHTejiLHHXi cpeAHaro po^a, bi cy- 
mecTBHTOJibBHX'b vysecsaro po^a, flanpoTRBi, -ja b'b hh6hbt6jii>-' 
HOMi yne Be bhabo; obo BhM&iCB oAflaao bi poAHTejibHoii otio- 
HXi ^Hcen n bt AatojiBHOMT) MBoacecTBeflflaro. Bii corjiacin c% 

flSHSOM'b rOTCKHMl BTOTli Cy^^^BRCl BCTptqaeTCfl BO MHOrHX^ CIO- 

Baxi KBEi nepBB^BiiB 0($pa80RaTejBBHB ajieMeiiT'B, b% Apymx'B 
ae EaRi BTopocrenPBBHB, BanpBM. : feng-r (aAoOu^a, bsh- 
rpHmiB — yD0Tpe6jifleTCB Toa^e Biil^opifb/en^-t ntr.)i poa^oabhctb. 
feng-jar^ po;i. mbo». feng-ja, art. sbos. feng-ju-m, sop. /an^ 
cp. AP--H'i^v. /an^ (ofixBaTHBaeie, JiosjieBie), BepuoBa^i. *fah= 
*fagh (bjih Yai^, saBi^BBJiHO aai totcb. fah-an opom. Bp. 
fai'fah (BopeaHoB cjon yABOAOTCfl; a b% B'bH. nsQBt yAopxa- 
ucB eme ycTapftjiair ^opia faher^ aooBvaTBy j[obbtb»), BopACS. 
fdnga=fdf cp. fdng (jlobm, npio($ptTeHie, BHpyqBa), npHwcT,. 
feng-inn (cp. ApeBBe-mBOACB. fanga-fiUar^ cniiBBHB bxoaM, 



cyooascB -ja bi hopaor. as. § 64. 201 

npeeTynHBRiD); legg-r (.iJiiiiKay tfe^po), po^HT. legg-jar^ rur. 

legg-ja (nojiosnBTB, nocTaeHTb), cp. aerji* leg; reyk-r (jhum^), 

poA. reyk-ja-Ty Kop. rwA;, cp. roA? (ntr. c<Te«HOTa))), roMr (ntr. 

«cy«epKE«), aerj. reeA; (abki); sker («pB<{)i, HH3si8 ocTpoBi]i> 

His. schere), Aar. na^. mhos. wcji. sker-ju-m, Rop. ^Aiar, rjiar. 

9A;er-a (A^JHTb, pisan, cTpii^b), npom. Bpe^. skar; rik-ja 

(HieH. rtki ntr. <c rocyAapcTSO , Aeps&Ba») oti r^A;-r (loryiae'- 

CTBeHBuB, (SoraTsH), Rop. ra^^ CRp. rdg (6jrecTtTB) — SA^^cb -ja 

ORasHBaeTca cy^^BRCOMi BTopocTeseHHHn; cUBm-ja- (niieH. d(Bmi 

ntr. ocopBiipi^) poA* oabhctb. dfo^mi^^ ho poabt. mhos, dcsm-ja, 

AaT. dcem-jumy nop. (^e^^fn, rjiar. dcsm-a (o($cy3R;iaTby ocyiKAarb, 

roBopHTb), cp. roTCK. dam-jan (cyABTb, pasjiBqaib); KOpesb c2om, 

noABepruyBmiflea b'b BopAcaoni aaiiRft HSBtHeBii) KopesHoS rjiac* 

HoB BCJiiACTBie cj'bAyDiA^ro nocjit m CHarHaiDiitaro j-^ b^ rep- 

xaHCRBxi flSHRaxx Becbva pacnpoeTpaHeHi, cp. aarj. doom (cyAeM- 

CKiB upBroBopi, cyAB($a), mBOACR. ddma (cyAflTb, ocyxAaTb)^ 

AaTCR. domme (bi Tou-se SHa^eHiB); BTOT'b sopeuB BCTp'&qa- 

eTca H BX flSHKaxi cJiaBaHCRBXi: fj}.-6ojir. fifl}[ua (canaTi, co- 

BtTi), pyccR. dyMamtf ^emcs. dumati (bi SHa^eaiB «pa8uu- 

iDJiaTB» — cp. H jsddumcivy cyBHJHBy 3aAyMaBmiBca)») h npoq. 

Hiv. ver-damm-en (ocyzAan) ho opBHaAJiexHn CDAa, Taai- 

BBRi npHBHRaeTi zi jar. dam-numy damn-are , oiayAa oao 

BipoBTHO saBHCTBOBano; erf'ja- (BxeH. erfl ntr. «o($tA'B noxo- 

poHBHB^ noMBHRB»), poAHT. BBoz. crffa, TMv. erfa (nacjiAO- 

BaTB| cnpaBJiaTB noHBHRB) — erfa bi cbod o^epeAB — opeACxaBJiflfl 

iSBopoTii SByaa bi RopeHaoau'b caori, npoBSODMO b3X *arhh'ja, 

cp. roTCK. arW (ntr. «iiacjtACTBO» = HopACR. erfS), arbja 

(masc. «BacJi'bAHRR'B»X a^^-i^ (fcin. <KHacjrbAHBiia»); 2IA;-ia (HBea. 

Uki ntr. (icbbai, $opsia»), cp. b fer-liki (ntr. aypoA'B, B3Bepri»); 

frcedi (ntr. BBBtcTw) — /ros^'a, orb froedr (yaiHHB, odhthhB, 

vyApuB), "ja DpeACTaBueTX h ba^cb cy^^aaci BTopocTeneBHaro 

o^paaoBaiia; fylg-i (ntr. ccoBpoBOSA<^Hie»)| vinr.fylg-ja (cjift- 



202 cy«*i KOI -ja. §§ 64—65. 

AOBaib, conpoBoatAaTb), cp. Htm. folg-en ^ ktlva. to fdl-ow (ifsi 
*folg-ow); grem-i, grem-ja (fem. otrBftB-B))) Kop. gram^ cp. 
h4m. grimm (uotji, flpocTB), h gram (rope); gyg-r (ee-iH- 
KaHQia), poAHT. gyg-ja-Vy cp. rpeq. yiyus\ heit-ja- (hmch. hei- 
ti ntr. <i(Hva»)y poA. aiHOx« heitja, tmv. heita (araib, o6t- 
niaTb)^ cp. roTCR. hait-an (sBan), BtM. ^i^- bi ver-heissm 
(oCtmaik), ge-JieiS'S (uoBejiliiie); hept-ja (hmch. Aepfi ntr. «py- 
KOHTKai)), r.iar. hepta (saxBaiHTB, npmi'&nKTb); Uceg-ja (naeH. 
%Zc/?^i ntr. (ccutx^))) cp« uomCK. AJuft (spEfK'By mjM^); kvaed-ja- 
(bm. &e?ae^i ntr. «cTHXOTBopeHie, CTpo$a)>), Kop. A;t;a^, war. 
kved'a, (roBopHib, otn), npoin. ap. A;t;(wf, CKp. X:affe, totck. gi^A- 
ow; leyf-ja- (Hiieu. Zcy/i ntr. «no8BOJ[efli6»), oar. Zcy/'-a (noa- 
BOJiiTi)), aim. to leave; frek-i (bojiri), ot'b /reA;-r (»aAHHB, 
AepsttiB, aanaAawinifi); leysi (ntr. «He;i.ocTaTOKi»), leys-a (ot- 
njCfMTt), h4h. lassen; log-i (masc. «njiasiii»), r.i. ?o^-a (ro- 
p'bTBy DUJiaTb)^ cp. H'bu. lohe (ujiasiir, sapeBo), auf-loh-en (Bcnsx- 
BjTb); mUd'i (fem. aKpoTROCTb, nanvOCTb») — ROBeqeoe i bi 
aTOMi cJioBt KaKi H Bi paapfl;!.^ unoroqncjieHHUX'b ooAotfHUX'b 
Tuny oTB.ieqeuiiuxi noHariB cooTBtTCTByeii roTCs. -eis, no oroh- 
qauin Tt:Mii = -ein; miid-i npoHcxoABi'b on npujiaraT. mild-r 
(jiacROBufi), bta. mild, CRp. mrd-u; neyt-i (ntr. aTOBapan^e- 
CTB0») OT^ naut-r (xoBapami); (ed-i (ntr. <cB0JiHeBie, rntaxD), 
Rop. od'j cp. o(f-r (onpoMOTqaBufl, cBaptnalf), od^-roed-i (spaa- 
ja, (JopbCa) ; si/'-i (poAciBeHHHK'b, ipyri), unoa. sif-iar (bi aaa- 
qeHia «Apya(5a»); vil-i (masc. c(jJ0.ia»), atpo^. h ^ar. f;i?;a, 
H3i ApeBHcS TOMu: vU-jan, totcr. t;i7-Ja (aojia), Rop. t;ar s 
np. 

§ 65. Bi MTOBCROM'b asHRt cy$(|)flKc^ 'ja npio6p'bj['B tfojiB- 
moe pucupocTpaueaie, xota bi cpaBHeaiH cb T'&M'b-se cy^^HR- 
coMi cpOAuuxi asHROBi upocjitAOBaji'b cauocTOBTeJibHoo Hanpaa- 
jienie; 8to bhaho yse b31» tofo, ^to j noqTa BcerAa noABepra-. 
erca pasoHMi {^onexHqecRHMi HSMftaoHiaMii noTopufl npa Teaax'b 



Gy««. 'ja B% JiuTOBOB. II3. § 65. 203 

lysecsaro po^a cocToarb bi Tom's, ^ito, sa BHnjcsoM'B rjacnoH, 
3 o6£isnoB6UHo nepexoAini bi i^ To^Aa-Kas^ b'b seneKHxi Te- 
Harb j cjiuBaeTCfl ci npeAniecTBjDii^ex) corjracHoS, ecjH TOJbso 
OHa cnoco(iHa k'b CMnrqeHito; bi TasouiCJiyqa'bCMffrqeHie corjac- 
Ho8 BiI]lIeT^ E Ha cjiiAyDflieo ^^ BSMtHflon^eecA B'b e (sa no- 

A06HhiM'b paSlBTieifb MOSEO CJltAHTb H Bl flSHEaX'b CJiaBAHCSHX'bi 

« 

ocodeHuo xe bx BanaAHOHi hxi* oTAtJieBm, r^t B'b iraaKt ^ein- 
CKOM'b sasAa^ HflrKaH hjih CMArqeRHBir corjiacaan, lase ^'^ h3- 
utufleT'b KOBeqnoe a bi 6^. 6i jihtobcb. fl^uKi -/a BBJi^ieTca 
cy(|^(I)BKC0]i% KaEi nepBH^Bsafby TaB^ h BTopM«iHUM'b« npHH^psi 
nepuaqnaro cyif^HKca -ja: kirt-ja- (ayAap'b^), MMen. Jfclrt-is 
(masc.)^ rjiar. klrs-ti (py^Hib, yAapflTb), hsi *kirt'ti (BJIiBBieM^ 
pacnoAodjieHia), Kop. Jari, cap. kart (py(5Hib, pasAt-iaTb), cp. 
jiaT, curl'us (xpaTaiM), AP.-<5ojir. KpdT-iK*L, apiiaHCK. krt-ser 
(HeCojibffloB), Ap.-a*M. kurt; iyn-ja (HMen. zyn-ys «K0JiAyu^, 
ByAecHHKi»), Kop. ^», cp. Un-dti (sHaxb), CKp. gnd^ AP«-<^aKTp. 
mn (sypiicis. adn-em «3HaH)»), AP--^o;ir. ^na-iii;; trUk-ja (HHee. 
{rtfA;-is <xj8Aa»); Kop. <re^A;| rjiar. trauk-ti (lan^HTb), jar. trdh-o 
(h^ nponsBOAHHX'b on npocTOro Eopsfl na -ja czoBaxi sopen* 
uaji rjiacHafl noABepraoTCfl qacTO ocJiatfjieHii) bjih ycBJieHiH)'^ — B'b 
p'bAKflXi ciiyqaHXi oaa ocTaercii HeRSHiaHOH)) ; pa-laik-ja (nHeH. 
palaikis « ocTaBBiiBca , HoroAflniiBcfli) ) , Kop. lik, rjiar. pa4ik'ti 
(ocxaBBTb, HOKHayTb), Jiai. linq-uo^ Kop. Uk (re-Uc-tum) ; luv- 
ja (HMeH. stivis <!(Bl>ICTp'£JI^)>), riar. sau-ti (cT^tuBTh), no f.su; 
gtd'ja (hm6i!. ^^«2t^ masc. cjioiEe^), Kop. gul: gul-ti (jexaib); 
gaid'ja (hmoh. gaid-ys masc. <cfl'bTyx^»), rjar. gSd-dti (n-bTb), 
Eop. ^i(2 npeACTaB.iBCT'b oc.mCijeHHjiD ^^opny nepBo6£iTBaro ^a(2, 
cp. caHcap. gad («poBop0Tb» — AP«-6o.ir. ma^th), totck. fta^A 
(qith-anj^ HopAca. qvaS;ved'ja (niieH. ved-ySf bi coBpeiieH- 
HOMi fiSHat HHteii sBaqeaie «2ReHBXiD, bo npezA^ SHaVBJo 
«ma$ep'b, Apy2Ba^)> raar. t;^^-^ ibi *ved'ti (AP«*(Sojiir. B6C-th, 
B6A-xX i^op. ved = vad. 



204 cyftftHRCb 'ja. § 65. 

npHuipu cyiuecTBHTeibBHU seaesaro po,aa na -jacsatd-ja 
(HMen. sdule «coaHiie»), Kop. 5wr, cKp. sur-ja ; skyl-ja (uMeH. 
skyU^ «Aiipa») rjiar. shd-ti (kojiotb, pacKajrHBan) , Kop. skd 
npoBSomej'b BtpoBTiio z^^bsldl^sMd^ cp. cap. chid (bi tosi- 
se BHaieBiw), cp. h fotck. sJMZ-^a («MCHHE'B»=«py(JiimiH»)-* 
OTBOCBTejibBo TOFo-xe KopHfl (2 H 2 qepoAyioTCJi Bi flSHsaxi rep- 
BiaBCRBUi cp. ro.u. verschU (pasHHiia^ pasjaqie) h b^m. tmter- 
schied (paBBuaa); dtib-ja (hmob. diib-6 <cB]3a»), aop. dft^b. rjiar. 
dUb-ti (cTaflOBHTbcn AyuHCTHMi), roTCK. (2tifp-3 (rjiytfoail), cep($cs. 
dy6'0K; pra-dzik (bi npoHSHonieeiH jpra-t^i^^ «cBaqajiox>) bs'L 
*pradja = ^pra-da-ja^ aop, rfa, cp. pra-d^-ti (aaqBBan), Kop. 
ri[^=;^p,-6ojir. fl-R- Bi flMH (flacT. Bp. AB2K-A^=cKp. rfa-rfjy-wf 
OTb Kp. dha); zol-ja (B«eu. j^o2-^ «TpaEa»X nepaonaq. ^^r-^/a^ 
TJiar. ^Z-fi (aejieB'bTb, pacTu) bsi *ia!-<i 0dl = ghar^ cp. laT. 
gra-men (T^asa) b^h. ^ras (ui cbbsh ex ^rfln <x3ejieflHH)>). 

UpBtftpu BTopaqflaro cy4)$Hsca -^a; deiv-ja (aMen. deit;-^ 
«npHBHAtBie») OTidyr-oa (^yAo), aop. eiit;, cap. div (({jiecTtTB), 
OTTyAa (2^t;-a (cc5or'b»B«6jiHCTaTejibB£iB»); saHt-ja (aaeB. ^oZ^i^ 
«xo;ioA'B») OTi sdlt'OS (lOAOHBui)^ BpoACTaBiiaDn^aro j^opiy npB- 
qaoTifl npom. apev. on sopaa sdl = cvi^. gal, cp. jkbt. ^el-M 
(aopos^, JieAi)); daug-ja (n^B.daugis ^viEOViecTBO»),orb daug 
(HBoro)y cp. nojiBca. duz-o (HHorc)^ duz-y (cbjibahH, (jonmofl); 
marg-ja (aiieB. mdrg-is (cboji necTpsB, paaaoiiBtTnoH fiosH)>), 
OT'B mdrg-as (oecTpufi, HcaenipeBflafl); plot-ja (uxeH. jp7o7i^ 
«BiBpHBa») oTi platus (uiflpoKiH), cap. prthUf rpeq. ^Aar-v-f; 
{oi-^a (aaeB. Zd&t^ ocHvjmecTBo, BjiaAtHie») — Bpajiar. Idb-as 
(xopomifi); jud-ja (iamb, judis aBopoaaa jion!aAB») on jud-as 
(qepniiB). 

EcTB TaaaRO BftsoTopua npHJiaraTOJiBHEifl cb cy(t)$BBCOH'B -ja: hd- 
%a-8 (npOHSB. ^zalies «8ejieBHH»)| id-ti (sejeatTB), sop. ial; 
dtd-ja- (hhob. did4s «6ojiBmoB, BeinsiB*), sop. did (fleHSBiCT- 
saro BHaqeaia). E'b cy^^^oacy -ja npHiHRaen oKoaqaflie -jUf 



cyo«Hiioi -^ja Bi jiHTOBOK« fl3. § 65. 205 

o($pa8yDi^ee, Kasi cj^^^bkci nepBii<iHHB, oTB^e^enHQA cymecTBH- 
TejiBHSifl sjxecRaro pou^ TorAa^Rasi BTopocreneBHuB cy$- 
^Hxcu -^tt odpasyen nomina agentis, OTBocflD^ifloi ki npeAvery, 
OTB ROToparo OHH npoHcxoAim: vyr-jw^ (hmoh. vyr-iws, «itpy- 
leBB, BOAOBopoTi», cp. lefliCR* vir)^ Kop. viTy rjiar. i;ir-fi (rh- 
DtTB, BapHTb), nepBOBaq. var^ xp.-CioJir. eap-HTH; spet-ju (HieE. 
spgc-ws ocTOJiaa, Byia, poI» — h31 ^spet-ju-sj^ Rop. spat- sp^5-^i 
(poHTbCHy KHmlTb) HSi *spet'ti; lyk'ju- (HacH. lyk-iu-s «oc7a- 
TOK^»), Rop. Zifc, rjar. KA;-fi (ocTaBJiJiTb); vyl-jw (eneH. t;^- 

ft<^ ao^vaRi, npHvaBRa»X I'^&i'* t?^-^i (o(i«aBfiiBaTBX cp. jip.- 
6ojiT. EHMk— nympha (b^pojitbo «o($iinHqHHaB, o($oJibCTBTejiB- 
HHita»)^ CJIOBHHCR. vU'CC (RyAfCBBR'By ^apoA'bS = lungus). 

El eyqecTBHTeiiBDHMi ci BTopocTeneHiiuui cy$<I)HRcoxi -ju 
npHflaAJezaTi Banp. Hmg-ju- (BMen. Ihng jus <ccTeKOJiBiiiHRi»), 
OTi Wn^-a5( oKBo) Rop. Zan^r, cp. uojbcr. ob-ic^ (Ayro, cuoAt), 
BearepcR. oJ-Zo* (okbo), ^eniCR. oh-louk (cboa'b — ;ip.-(5ojir. 
jixite); rat'ju (HveH. rac-iu-s «KapeTnnR'M> -^' cHJirqeBo bb 
c)f OTB rdtas (ROJieco), cp. cancRp. ratJuz (ROJiecBHua), jiar. 
rota (ROJeco), Ap. b4ji. rod, mhox. red-ir; katU-ju- (ROtejL- 
BHRi), ovh kdtUas (Kore-TB), cp. totcr. katils, Ap.-^ojr. kotuiib 
(o($pa80BaHnoe hsi jiar. catinus^ cp. Lottner, AusDahmen d. 
eisten L^^utverschiebung, Zeitschr. XL 171, rjit iipBBoxHTCfl 
Toze BopjicR. ketUl bi cjioxhhx^: ds-ketUl ^BosiR rotojiiy, 
thdr-ketUl «JIioBap-a BOTe;ii», <Aor = JI^OBapi); hed-ju- (HiieB. 
bSdz'M aflysAaDflii9cff») OTb hed-h (ByxAA)^ Rop. Ud; jpird- 
jw (HMen. ^rdi-ws «ped6ns») onjpird-ja^ em^b. pirdis = nem. 
prd (n'^pAeax), sop. perd^ cp. jp^rs-fi (pedere) bbi perd-ti^ 
rpev. ^Tei^^'SiVy CRp. j7art2; bx Jiar. bsurA sa BunycKOM'B r h 
yAJtHBenieMi RopeBBolf rjracBoB pid; utd-ju- (BMeBHT. utdius 
«BBiBBemi»), OTi utdi (booib) e np. 

PacBiHpeHflHfl ^opiiH Toro-ze caMaro oROH^aaia npeACra- 
BjflDn: 'eja-ejy- pft^KO -eju', ROTopHii npieoeABBBDTcii ri 



206 cyo^HRO. 'jaj -ka. §§ 65—66. 

npocTHM'b KopHflMt : ris-eja- (hm6h. ris-ejcts, npoHSB. risejes 
acHonoBfl3i»), Kop. riSf rjiar, ris-ti (BaaaTb), cp. ^emcB, po^ 
vHs-lo (cBUQ-jio); nes-eja (HHeH. n^eja$ <icHOCWBmiiEi)o), rjiar» 
nel-ti (fiecTH, HocuTb), ^^i^ (NCC-iK), Kop. nes (eenoAJiesaii^iB 
CMflrqeBiD bi cooTB'&TCTBeBHHX'B cjiaBiiBCEHX'E oj[OBax^)^ o(!eisho- 
BOHHO conocxaBJifleTCfl cb canesp. naA;^, Jiar. nac- hi nanc-isci 
(npom. Bp. <inac'tus sww» «a nojiyqBjfb, AOCTHri»); is-davejys 
(B3MtHHBit^), OTi T-iar. is-d!w-<i (HSM-bBBTb, BHAaib), Kop. du=da; 
siuv-eji (niBea), rjar. siu-ti (inBTb), jbt. sw-, Ap.-(5ojir. uiH- 

m'h "^UJHBy paBHO fiBKl »H-TH H3'b *2KHB-TH, Cp. fldCT. BpeM« 

»HB-x; zaid-ejys (HrpoBi), Beonpejt. mis ti (Hrpaib), E^'b^mid- 
ti^ Kop. kd = gid, cp. Ap.-<>oir, r;RC-TH, aacr. ap. rx^^K, ^cffl» 
hous'tif cymecTB. hud-ec («BrpoEi», ocotfeoBO <KCKpBIIaq^x>); 
attd-ejus (TKaqi), Rop. at^tJ- rjrar. at^ ^i (TKaib), hsi ^aud-ti 
H npoq. 

OBonqiBiE -ka. 

§ 66. Gy<t)$iiaci -A;a ABjaeTCfl aecbaa pi^KO nepBocTeoeH- 

EhLWb 06pa30BaT6JlbHIIM'B BJieMeflTOM'B, TaRl - qrO B'b HiROTO- 

puxrb iiSHRax'b BO^ibsa fjM&e iiphboctb jiocTOBtpiiEixi npH- 
MipoBi j(M nepBflqflaro -Jca^ EOiopoe qauio Bcero Bcrpiqaerca 
enie bi aBURax^ ciiaBHHCRHXb; BanpoTHB'by rbri cj<I)({)BRCb aropo- 
CTenefloHif, -ka arpaeri BecbHa Basuyi) po;ib, oco^eBHO aaR'b 
oRouqaBie, npHianii^ee cymecTBHTejbHUM'b (sHor^a h npHjiaraTeib- 
HHMi) yHeuBBiflTejikHoe SHaqeBie* 

B'b caBCRpBT'b 'ka ORaaHBaoTca oepBaqBurb b% GJiixynmKt^'^ 
cJiOBaxi: at'ka (nyTeuiecTByioniiB), ot^ at (xopTb, CtataiB, nyre- 
mecTBOBaTb); gus-ka (cyxoH), Rop. qus (bHCHxarb, coxiiyrb); 
dhd'ka (xpauHjiHuie), Rop. dM (RJiacTB, bojioxbtb); pd-ka (zh- 
BOTBoe HOJOAoe) orb pd (narb). 

npflMtpa BTopHqflaro oEOHqaflia -ka: idla-ka (petfeiiOR'b), 
OT!b bdla (MBJiBqBRi); uda-ka (BOAa), rjiar. und (HoquTB), jaT. 
unda (BO.iBa); raga-ka (apacEJiBi^HRi); Rop. rang (^jiBByrB, 



07 99. 'ka Bl GAHCKP. AZ. % 66. 207 

BpacHTB^ — B'B npH^HBHTejikHoS ^^opxii Tangi-y npRqacrie npoin. 
Bpes. raft-^a «KpameHRHB»=<KRpacHHB»); c(ira-2;a (TCopbMa), oti» 
C(ir-a (jfasyT'iHRi), Eop. car (hath); bhadra-ka (npiaxHHil, mh- 
JuH, fipacHBLti!) 0T*B bhadra (c^acTjrHBntf, oTJinqRHtf)^ Be^ai!?. 
Eop. bhand (<i6uTh npHB'&TCTBOBaBHun'b paAOCTHUU'b spiaicov'b, 
nojjquTb noiBajyii)). -ka bi SHa^eHiii qncTo - yMeHbmHTejbROMi: 
kuUra-ka (paqes'b), oti ktdira (paifb); mdtr-kd (aaTyniKa, 
KopiiDjiBiia), -mdtar (Man); karemka (cjohi RetfojibmoH) -ka- 
rinu (cJiOBi); kaldpa-ka (soJioKOJibqHKH) n np. 

K^ Touy xe OBOHqaniao npHxauaeii r c)4>4»iiacT» -ika, h^mI- 
kohehB nsTi nepBOHaqajibBaro -aka, sao bitaiio ti3T> HHornx'b 
(l^opm xeiiCKiro po^a npHjiararejibnHX'b ca -a%;a: bdlikd (x'b- 
BoqKa), OTi bdlaka (MajTb^Hiti); 6Aadri&(J — (|»op)ia aenci?. po^ia 
OTi bhadraka (npiiiTHMfi^ xopoiaiB). mdm-ikd (»ob) oil mdm- 
aka (hoH). Jtpyrie npHMtpa cy$$HKca -ika: raks-ika (aaiuH- 
maiomiBy eTopoasi)), uop. raks (crepeqb, saamii^aTb); candr-ikd 
(jnyHHHH. CBtix), OT-b candra (jyRa), Kop. cand ((JiecTtib); 
karnikd (cepbra) ott> karm (yxo); dihAka (sAtiniiiS) oT-b iha 
(3Aicb), ochoboH KOTopoMy c.iyaHTi Kop. yEaaax. MtcTORw. i, — i 
Bi aiAiAa noABeprJo^ b BTOpaqnOMy ^o,l.^e3ly (vrddhi); dupdj-ika 
(hjih dupajika «roAnuB, CJyxamiK cpeACiBOui BcnoMoraTejib- 
hqxia), 0T^ wpe^a (cpeACTBo), Kop. i (hth). 

Bi HOBiRmBxiy npoHcmeAmHX'b BenocpeACTReBHo iisi caacKpiiTa 
Asusaxi en^e sesA'b yAep^ajicA aroTi cyj)(]^RBC'b, xotji o^h&bo- 
B6BH0 KOBeqanj! rjacnaa OT()pa(.HBaeTCif. Gp. nanp. nai HHAy- 
craHCK. flssita: reg-ek (ctaparontiB), cKp. rdg-aka; swdd-uk 
(swdd-ek aBsycHuB, 0TJHqHn8»), csp. svddu (cjia.i.Kifl); recch" 
ek ( san^BTHRB'b, oeaodoARTOjibX cicp. raks-ika (cJiosiioMy csp. 
is BA'i^Cb cooTBtrcTByeT'B -cch); bdl-ek (pedeuoK'b), caiieKpiiT. 
bdlaka. 

§ 67. Bii ApeBHe-daKTpiHcBOMi aaui&t cyij^^BKCi -kaf Bcipt- 
uvmiiBefl BaKi> ajeMOHTi nepsnqHuB si HeMBorHXi eaoBax'b, pac- 



208 cyftftKBorB 'Tea. % 67. 

mRpflOTCfl HHOfAa npHCTaBjieaHH«i'b ki neiy eaepexB -a-: a(2A-A;a 
(nospsBSJio, Oj^exAa), cKp. at'lca {wh lOMX-xe snaqeniK — cp. 
BoM. & Both, Skr, Wtb. I. 108), Eop. at; dtiraegH-ka 
(«Aa-ioKO — KpacHBHBn) — grt'ka (KpacHBaS), npsfjl. frJ (spa- 
CHBuB), cKp. grt (c^aciie, ((jecs'B); ht4S-ka (cyxoB) = cap. qus- 
Jca; vaiQ'Jca (imfl Kpaa), on vtg (aou^, ceneBciBO, Aopei^oA); 
Bi 8T0MI cjiOBt, a paBao Bi -(r2-A;a ka osasaBaeTefl cy^^us- 

IIpBMtpH ciOBi cb cyij^i^HKcoxi -a&a: rap-oka (pa;iocTii)y 
Eop. rajp (odpa^OBaTB); dah-dka («nary6iin3» — rose dah-dka), 
Kop. c^oA- jnoTpe6.ia6TCii bi cbhbh ci aii (ApasoHi): aii (2a- 
Mka^ OTTyAa npoiisomjio oepcHACK. e^<2eA4 (ApasoB'b); gan-aka 
(cTeub), sop. gan. IIocpejiiCTBOMi ocjatfjeaifl ncpBaro a bi i 
npoHcxoAHT'b cy^^if^RKCi -ika: pair-ika ( ctfosHaqenie oco6euHaro 
poAB siHX'b aioHCKHXi AyzoBi ), Kop. par (6oponcii); marid- 
ika (MHiocepAie) — on marez-dd (apocrHTb), CKp. mars (npe- 
TepniBaTby ocTaaJiflTb); everez-ika (BepatfoTHn^iB), Rop. varez 
A'bBcTBOBaTi, patfoTaTB)- e — csp. a- Biipasaeri oTnomeBie OTps- 
itaieJiBfloe, cp. rpe^. a.-. 

IIpEiitpH BTopH^aaro cy(I»$iiKca -ka: pagu-ka (csoTHBa), on 
pagu = Ji9LT. pecu; masjd-ka (nojLOh^Vb) on TOSAecTBeEBaro 
DO BiiaqefliD masja (cjlobo yAJiHHfleTCfl nocpeACTBOiii npHCTaBRH 
cyj^^BEca 'ka tfes'b cooTBiTCTBeflEaro HdMiaesiE bi saaqefliE 
cJOBa; To-se cavoe sasitweTCfl HEorAa h bi caBcspETi, rA'b npE- 
CTaB.ifleHoe si> BOEiiy cioBa -ka Ha SEaqeflie ero bo oxassBaen 

« 

BRBaEoro BJnnBifl: rdtri €Vionhy> r rdtrikd); ndirika (seaniflEa), 
on ndiri (zeBmivfla), exbe. ndirtj $opxa ReflCBaro poAa on 
nar (HyKqHBa)^ csp. nar, nara; gah-ika (iiD^oAtBEa, ((jiyAHOiiay 
dA^Xh), on gcM (eee Siioro seacBaro Ayxa, ojiHi^eTBopefliH 
6jiyA0A'biiEiB), Eop. ganh («flpHraTL, npEXOABTB)» — yooTpe^MercE 
Bb DpflHtflefliE B^ uRni Ayxaxi); carditi-ka (iotobejio) — Btpo- 
jiTEo on carditi (aAftBymsa, seHfl(flEa» cp. Justly Handb. d. 



oy««iRoi 'ha. g§ 67'-68. 209 

Eendspr. 109); Qpa^-ka (caiMi), ^ Qpd, csp. fvan, vioh. ^d 
(cotiaKa), HeAiBes. trnd-Ka (cDAa aojixho OTHecn h pye. co6a- 
%a); koQvi'ka (HetfoiBmoi, HHqTOSBHl), orb koQvi (Maiocn, la- 
lopodOGTb) H np. 

Oiofl^aflie -ka eoxpaHUOob Tasse k b^b HOBonepcHxeson jsa- 
si (bi ^opit -ek); npeACiaBua vh Tasoii eiyvi^ otfasHO- 
BesHO SHaveiie yBeHbmHTejibHoe,, ynoTpetfjifleTCn HHorxa h b'b lae- 
saTeibHon ciHCJii h aoxen BspaxaTb bi HteoTopon cio- 
Ban opesplHie uh cosajitHie^ cp. aanp. : stenek («s6HBai> — 
Hajiop« «siBKa»); duchter-ek (A'bBoqsa), cap. duhitar; merd-ek 
( veioBt^es'b) on merd; tifl-ek (vpetfeflo^ea'bB — Tose n cMHeit 
cojukiiau); cher-ek (ocieHosb), cher (ocen) » cap. khara; 
esb'tk (lODaABa); hewz-ek (npyA'b Hetfoibinol); cesm-ek (<cBa- 
pasiTeibHoe nepeairHBaaiei^, eotfcTB. «rjia8oa!b») on cesm (rjiasi), 
cap. aop. caks (BBAtn); hua-ek (aoso^iaa), on h$a = WM 
(iHT. ozis 181 "koi'); h^wdn-ek (aaioe shbothoo); aejtdn-ek 
(vepTOHoai); m Taaox'b-se caacit ynoTpetfuetca Becbu u- 
CTO oaoHqaoie -ieh^ ocHOBHBaDn^eeca fia Toai-se caxon BBy- 
xoBOi% Boaueact : bdgh-ceh (cbahbi), kUM-ceh (aniSBa), 
MndAk-ceh (cyaAyqeai) a op. 

UpaatpH cjioBi Ha -ka, BCTptqaeinn n Apoaae - nepcax- 
caan naaaTHHaan^ yaaaHBann Ha BTopocTeneHHoe ero snaqe* 
aio: vagra-ka ( aoryn^ecTBeHenly tfoibmoSX cp. AP*-((aHTp« vaara 
(Ay6iHaX cap. vag-ra^ nepcBAca. huzur-g (tfoJbmoB); ari^ka 
( aenpiaTeibcaiBy BpasAO((HtiS ), cap. art (apan, Henpiaien). 

g 68. Bi rpeqecaoai asHat cyj^^^nacb -ka (-ao-, xo-p-, -ki; ), 
npaaaaaa nepeAi cotfoo eu^e -i, otfpasyen cioaa ai caacit 
BTopocTeneuHaro oaoauaia. IIpaatpH nepaaqaaro cy^^aaca -ka 
BCTptqaDTca aecbaa pftAso; asi aax'b aozao npaaecTa: dif-aif 
(zpaHBianie), aop. di|=(I^ (ajiacrb); .^ca-x^- (aaea. dS-Ko-s 
aatcTOi cryn) on Toro - se aopaai otfa cioaa OTHOcaTca ai 
caicap. dA4-ia— CDAft DpaaHxaen i caoxaoe a^9ro-d9f*xif (<can- 

11 



210 oy»«HBGi -ha. §§ 68—69. 

t6iBa»y e<K{cTB« «HtGTO jjiB. eRiaj^sH»); du-xo (nen. Bt'^Ko^ 
«KypEj[BHHiia»), OT'b nar. ^J-o? (bjpkt^, ah>ht&cji). 

Basi BTopa^HHl ey$$iifici -ka^ c% npHCTaueHBOii i: ikm 
(''iKoX o6pa3yeTi npHjaraiejrBHHfl nn cyiQecTBHtejiBHHn: o^A-vkc- 
(ueH. ci^Au*ieo-^ «coieHQH» — Bi seHcs* poAt (vAuxif aiope*), 
on e^A^ (cojil), jibt* sal; tsktov'sko' (hhoh. rsKrovitco^ ceiot- 
BnqecBifl* — jAapesie npn Tauzi npHjiaraTejiMEix^ lexen Bce- 
rxa Bft DocjiiAHeHi cjiort -ko) oti rWa^v (biotbhsi) ■» csp. 
tahsan^ Bop. rpeq. r^x-; ro^-iKi^ (chcbjcctuo cTpftjibtfii h8*b 
lysav) on ro^-of (JiyBi); r^ay-iKo- (TparBwcBiS, Bap<XBH>9 
etpacTBHfl), orb rqdy-os (Eosen); ^nrof-ixo- (cpacflop%«iBBl)| 
on ^Vo)^ (oparop^i bbtIe); ^u^r-ix^- (npHpoAHHl, ecTOCTBOB* 
hhB)i on (pi<ns (npBpoAa), rjiar« <pv(» (DpoBSBoxy, poxAai)), 
OBp. &My JiBT. /tt (bi /k-ty fu'turo); (nceTfr-iKo- (Ba6ji»Aa- 
TeJBBHBi HeptoHTenHHl), on (nc£\|/-/^ (pascysAeHie, paaeia- 
TpHBaflie), EVh ^tnce^-rt-ffj cp. m^-r-c/^a/ (paseBarpBBaD^ sa- 
tfjiDAav); d>f^«ur-iKo- (oxoTBflqec&iB), on Svff^rvff (oxotbbb%)~ 
diff (seiftpB); iar^'iKO' (Bpa^etfBnH, ji'bqe((BHH), on Iccr^o^ (apan); 
K^fA^ncc- (ocTpoyiBHfl, BOMHqecsiH) on Kdixti («cejiOy jLepeBBi»); 
ccy^'iKO' (AB^iSi nojieBoflX on o^vfc^* (nojie); Kw^tKo- (co6a- 
^i8i i^EHneGKiB), on kvoov (cotfaKa), pox* kuv-o^; yhjoorr^iKo- 
(asBUEiK), on yhSorrct (flSHSi)); Koq-mo^ [jAwtm\% flixBiiB), on 
»cof-if (AtBHiia); ToTf'iKO' (b4ctbh8), on ro7f-cff (iftcTo); (piX-rxo^ 
((pyxocsil), on ^/A-c^ (jiDtSesaaff, mbjibV, xpyrx) h np. 9to -/xo-, 
paBHO BaKi csp. hA;^. oCSiacBflOTOi hsi nepBOHa^iajiiiHaro -o&a. 

§ 69. n jaTBBCBifl cJiOBa ci nepBH^iflHx^B cy^^HBcoii -ha 
pi|BV, Torxa-BaBi bi Ba^ecTBi BTopocTeneBBaro osofliiaflifl •j(;a 
npHeraBjaeTCfl bo vBorHH'L cyqecTBHTejibflUHi. npoHipa nep- 
Bnaaro cy^^HSCa -ha Oco-): sic-co'' (HHeH. sic-cus acyxoRB), 
BCJixCTBie ynoxo($jeHiB mHUJinieB ropTaBBOMy saysy hsi *siS'CO-' 
=CBp. cus-A;a; Zoco (Hiiefl. lo-cus <kh1(cto»X npoKcmeAmee Ba% 
*5j-{o-co-, sop. sta-f stha^ (ctoitb), bi aBa^Bur opKUBBTeia- 



oy««. -lea ^% jeat. b9. % 69. 211 

Hon «iocTaBHT&)>; 2, saKi Hapameflie Bopflfl, ci oraonLeBieii 
npiWHHTejiBHocTifi BGTpt^aoTCfl H Bi repiaHCSBX^ jQHBazi, cp« 
xp. -Hta. stall'jan (nocTaBHTB), stal (utcTO, u^bai); es-ca 
(synaHBe, nHota) bit. ^ed-ka^ on ed-ere (ion); cad-Hco- (naA- 
Rily maTsiS), on ca(2-ere (naxarB); fo-co^ (neu. focus «our%| 

HiM^TO, FAi paSBOAEITClI OrOHb»), BtpOHTHO H81 j70COy BOp* pa 

(pu)^ ep. caeekp. pdv-aka («oroHBx»<-^co6cTB. «o«iHii(ai)mi8»— 
^i!P» Gloss. 239), Rop. pit (qHCTHTt); vis -co- (num. ins- 
cum «BjieB»)y Eop. vis^ AP«-<(oJir. bhchth. Ectb Tasse HisoTopHA 
cj]|](eoTBflTejibHEUi Ha -%ka (-ico-), ROTopmrB osoHqaHie osaa&Ba- 
•Tea oepBHiHHHi: med-ico' (rhoh. medieus «j[tKapB»)i rjar. 
med-wr (jA^i)\ am-ico- (hsoh. amicus «jipyrb3»)y on am-are 
(jiD((Hn), Bop. am-=cBp. Icam (noAO($HHHi o((pa30xi % Dep6A«B 
BHiajiBBOD nacHoB Biinaiio bi ossi- >» ap« - <$Q2r. koctl, ep. h 

IHTOBCB. oh\s H t.'^.-i^AV. KO^LA'L, Bl Gjnp. FyBOB. KO^li); 

Sl'ica (oineHHqHafl spyna, nHTaTejBHaa OHqa x^h doibHsxi)! 
on al-ere (bophhtb, nHTaib); h bi pudtco- (cthajhbhB, sa- 
ertHUBHH) oBOHqaeio aojisho npEHaiB esop'be sa ey4[)$HBGi nep^ 
bh^hhS, Hesejifi btoph^hhS, Tasi-BaB'B oao BenocpeACTBOHHO ot- 
HoeiTefl eBopie bi nar. pud-ere (cthahtbca), \^wh bi cyqe- 
etBBTejibBOHy pudor (ctua'^); b bb mendC-Ico- (namiB) -Ico 

Cy^^HBei nepBOCTOneHHHB, ZOTH OTHOCBTOJIbflO OpOBBBOACTBa Ha- 

eToaqaro Bopnii hoxbo BHCsasaTbca jiqiob bi npeAno.ioseHiax'B* 
(Taai Baiap. ciBqeaie ero cb r^ar. inent-iri «JiraTBx» ho jih- 
moBO ocflOBaBia, laBi - saai Boneqaoe t nsx'bBfleTGii vi d isb 
npHurar. mend-ax «J[sbbiiB»; hb fipaqeHAHB narojBHHB bo- 
poHB jBassBaen h mend-urn hjh mend-a ^bhtbo, HOAOCTaTOB^i 
ooiH($Ba» B np.). Bi cjoBax'B, bbbi nanp. parc-us (tfepesiH- 
bhB), porous ((jopoBOR'Bi nopoceBOR'B ), vic'us (eeJiOi AOpoBHa) 
H Hp.y upBBaAiieziin ne r^ OROBqafliio, a b!B RopaiD, tbri- 
RRRi pareo- BHien RopseH^B i^aro- (ep. pa/rcere «tfepeqB»), 
jparco'^ park's^prak^ ep« rpeq. TioqKos^ jutobob. j^rs-as, aP*" 



212 OTft^iKoi "ha. § 69. 

((ojir. n|»ACA (Hi^i. ferk'df rouaHACfi. t;arA;en^y t;ico-| sop. t^, 

CBp. VtQ (BXOAHTB) I Bp. 

Sasi cy$4^Hsci btophhbhB -co (Wc(>) Biien tfoismoe pac- 
DpoGTpaHeBie, paBBO saBS i B'b rpevecson bshb^ Tasu ciOBa 
BHpasaDn qan^e opfljaraTeiiBfiiB, aesejiH cyniecTBBTejLBBHa; co- 
0TBiTeTB6flfl06 nepBA^Boe ejLOBo vb TaBOHi eijqat BHorAa nox- 
lesHn coKpaqeBiBui. IIpBi^bpH npBJiaraTejibflBn: dass-ico^ 
(cBBcaDB^ilcB HopcKoro BoficBa, (jiOTCsiB* — BHpasaen sasi^cy- 
qecTBneji&Boe «Hopc&o8 coJiAaT^i rpetfei^i^ — Biea. dassicus)^ 
on dassia (siacci, apMui, ^lon); fMut-ieo- (BopatfeafciHl, 
HopesoB), on nawla (KopatfejiBQBBi, Batpoei); urb-ico- (ro- 
poACBoB), on urbs (ropoA'b); mad-ico- (fiipeBBaB), on mo- 
dw (iftpa, cnoeotfi), sop. ma (iftpHTB); jpe^Z^-ico- (bepoabbB, 
otffl^eeTBeflHfiB) bsi *popul'%co- on populua (<BapoA'B»; 8to 
GJtOBO npoACiaBJiBen bbai yABOOBEHB, TaBi-sasi BpoetHB'B sop- 
#B6H:b 0Ba3HBaeTCB j>ar «BanojiEnB»y on KOToparo spoBexoAni^ 
rpeq. TfoX'i'S ccropoAi»» h AP«-tfojir. nsunik^ nepBOBaq. *par-ka): 
vUl-icO' (AepeBencBiB, ceibcniB), on villa (xMh^ saropoASHB 
fflwb); viat'ico' (aoposehB, BjTeBoB), on via (Aopora); ^Bcipft- 
^aeicB Bi BBA^ BBysa pacmBpaDo^aro mosay OKOBqaBieai e flop- 

BBqflHMIi CJOBOXl TOVEO TBKl, BBBl Bl TUS't-icO' (AepOBeBCSiB, 

eeucsiB, BeaiuiocTBeBflHB ), on rus^ poA* rUris (noje, aeiu, 
noBftcTBe)^ domes't'ico' (AOHamaiB, BflyTpeHfliB) o%% damus 
(Aon) H np.; lubr-ico- (CBOuaaiB, rjaAsiB) otSpaaoBajtocB, fla 
BceB BftpoBTHOCTHy flsi Basoro-To jTpaqeBBaro cyvecTBATOJiBEaro, 
Tan-UK^B djKBa r limaen HenocpeACTBOBBoiy ero BponaoA- 
CTBy on riar. lab^i (naAaiB); tetr^o- (cypoBsB, ciporiB ) npo- 
HcxoAHn on Uter (npoTBBflBB, oTBpaTBieiBflHB ). 

npnftpH CfqecTBflTejBflHX'B aa -too- : rubr-ica (spacBaa 
spaesa, sarxaBie saaofla) on ruber ^ BpoBcmeAmaro bsi Vt«<2- 
her^ 6Bp« rudUra; fabriea (flcayceTBOi bpohbboactbo, lacTop- 
eTBo)| on faber (peieciOEBiBi, iacTopi); juven-co- {bme. 



oy^AiKoi 'Jca h'b Mir. '8* § 60. 218 

juvencua ^uoxoffit, 6uvb mojioxoI^), nn *juvemco^ ep. juve- 
nia (lOJioxoB), caHcsp. juvan -» noxotfHHMi nyreii otfpaaoBaHO 
Xp.-((ojn*. iONbi|b (taarns)H8i ioniChoioxoM); Jor-ica (son jra), 
on lo-rtMn (penoHB, Merb); formica (cotfn^ee OTZozee irbcTOi> 
Juyeiu), on Bapt^. /bm (BRt, Bapysi); man*ica (pysaBtB, 
pyqaafl OKOBa) on manus (pysa), Bop. BtpoiiTHO ma (eoTBo- 
piTb); port'ieo- (n. porticus fern. ^raJijiepejr, nopTHKi»)co- 
CTom Bi CBflSH c% porta (Bo^on); /brm«ca(« My paBe|]» — OABa- 
JH Bi CBHBH CI foTtna vBHAi) o6j[vki») h mont-ica (cyvBa) 
HpoigomiH EVb HeiomeABiHxi ao nacb npocTHXi gjiobi Em Bopnoff. 

Bi pacmHpeBHoI nocpexcTBOi^B ciora -lo ^^opi'b -ctdo -ictdo^ 
ui -actdo (opiAaDDiel eioBy snaqeHie npeHMyn^eeTBeHHO yiOHb- 
iDHTejibHoe), -culo loxerB oRasHBaTBCii OROHqaflieH's nepBHiaaro 
UH BTopnqBaro o($pa80BaHifl ; on rjraroibHHX'B BopaeB aoisho 
vpoHSBOABTb cjitAyonii^ GJiOBa: veh-icu'lo- (iioh. veh-iculum 
ntr. <cnoB03Ba», hjh <cj[OABa, Bopa(SjiB}») , on vek-ere (BeaTii), 
eip. vahj Ap*-<(ojrr. B6:(-x=CBp. vcih-dmi; rid-iculo- (citoHoB), 
on rid-ere {n^anca); speet-actdo' (ntr. cBpftjiHo^e, ciiefla») 
on spectare (eioTpiTB, Tux^n)^ Kop. spah; curr-iculo- (ntr. 
cdftn, BoiecHBiia, DonpHni6»), ho on currus (BoiecBHita), bo 
BpBHo on riar. curro=6isi9^n (no anajioriE veh-icfdum) ; po^ 
Cfdo' (ntr. «Ry($0Bi, nHTeSBoK eocyA'b}»)» nop. jpa (b'b SBaqeaiB 
«nBTB»)y eaecEp. pd\ db-sta-ctdo' (ntr. anpenaTCTBiei)), on db* 
sta-re (npennTCTBOBaTiy saTpyABHTb), sop. sta; eubi-ctdo- (ntr. 
«eDajiBflB») on cub-are (lesaTB, enaTb). 

npHHipH BTopviflard OBOBqaaifl -cido: fasci-cido' (masc. 
^ny^OBiy BotfoiLmaB CBii3Ba»)| oti fase-is (cbbsiui, BJiaasBa); 
parti'Cula (qacTBVEa), on parti- (ku^h. pars «qacTB»); fim&ra- 
ctda (6ecftABA)y on umbra (liflB); tanstrt-cula ( ((paAotf pMsa) 
on tonsor ((SpaAO($pil)^ sop. tond ; flos-culo- (masc. «i(BftT0iBB) 
on flos (KBtTOBi), poA* fhr-is; orA-cfdo- (ntr. cnpopoqecvBOi 
Dpopaiwunaitei opasyix^) on or- (imob. as ntr. cycTa, pon^). 



214 c 7 « * ^ ft <& "ka. § 69. 

}0X« ofia (csKopIke, ^imi ot& rjiar. orare); (Bdi-eula (wiomaoe 
eTpoeeie, HetfoumoB xpa»i), on tBdes (xpasii); navi-etUa 
(lOAKa)i on nat;id (ftopa($jib), csp. ndu: uMr-cula (Plaal 
«S6HEa») ovb uxor; brevi-culo* (npHjiar. HiieH. -cnlas asopo- 
f6HBRiB| HH36flbici8]»)^ cofiventi-culO' (ntr. cccii^sji'B, utcTO eo- 
($paHii|]>), OTi conventus (coCpaHie), rJiar. t;en-ife (npHio^HTi); 
arti-ctdo' (masc. cccocTaBi, Koitniie*), on ariti5 (q^eHi), po*.— 
As; virgun-cula (A'&BO^sa, Juyen.) on virgin- (HHeH. wr^o 
<xI4BH^a»); wtiZiar-ceeZa (<KzeHii(HHa)!> B^ sRaqeBiH yHeHimHTen- 
Hon HU opespiiTejibHoiii) on miliar; ma^er-ce^Ja (laTyniBa) 
on mater (uaTB); clam-cula (ejid^hbi, €Eo6&a) on davis 
(ftjiAq'B); ma^-cuZo- (iiysecBiB, xpa6p£iB), on mos^ pox* maris 
(iiyx^HHa); os-etdo- (ntr. apoTus'B, noiiiJtyBx>), on 08 (ycTa, 
pon); mini^'CfilO'' (HeHbmiH), on minus (cpaBH. CTon. on 
parvus <(MajiEiB3»); pid-culo- (ntr. <)(yHBj[ocTKBHTe.iBHaj[ sepiBa, 
lipecTyDJ6Bi6»)9on^tt5 (pio- «((jiaroii6CTHBH8|l$oro6ofl8HeHD£iB»), 
taBi-ftaKi on loro-se npHJiaraTejBHaro npoRcxoAon rjiar. pia-re 
(npBMHpHTB, yHUOCTHBHTb); munus-culo" (ntr. « fl6($0J!Biiiair ycjiy- 
Hf noAapo^es'b») on munus; ratiun-cula (ejiatfoe oeHoaaflie, 
HodojiBmoI c^en) on rationi- (um. ratio «c«ien, npnwHa»X 
sop. ra^ cp. re-or^ npom. Bp« ra-tus sum (ac^HCJiflTB, pascysAaTB), 
JljpyroB cy^^^HfiCB, BasjiiDqaDiQiB bi eei^ft ropTaHaytt k, een 
'OXf -eXf npeACTaBjHjDiiiifl pasHHJi $opiH Toro«-se caiaro oson- 
WBUTf OHH odpasyion cjioBa nepaa^Baro paspaxa: ax^ saai cy^- 
^HBci nepBHqflHB, odpasyen npHJiaraTejiBBHa hbi rjrarojrBBHx^ 
Bopfiefli -ex osasHBaoTca bi soBiit cymecTBHTOJiBBHX'B ; novn 
Bcft npHMHsaDntifl cDAa cioaa, oco($eflBO se npBiaraTejBBHi, no 
SBavoBiD coBnaABDn ci A'bBcTBHTOJiBBHMii npHqacTiaiff aaeToa- 
^aro BpeiOBi; -ax^ -ex^ CToaqia BiioTO -ac-s, -ec-a, B'b po- 
j^HTOJiBBOu OKaB^BBaDToa Ha -is: "oc-is^ -ec-is. Be Affirm npi- 
CTaBKH BTHx*B cy^^HKcoBi KopoHBaH uacHan HCQBTaBaen no- 
r^a noAMn hu ocxatfjoHie. 



0J««« 'OC'f -iC" h% ilAT. £3. § 69. 215 

IIpBiEipH npHMrarejiBHHX'B sa -ax (reia -oc-, s snasi na*- 
HiTeiKBaro): sag-ax (poju sagaa-is ocqyTKiS^ HpoHHiiaTeibHHl x))^ 
OT* $ag-4re (<cqyBCTBOBaTB»— Cicer.); 6?6-ac- (hm, Kftoa? «jii)- 
(Sflaiii DHni»)y OTB htb-ere (nHTb); mord-ac- (n. mordax ^jsj" 
eaoiqiitcii, sa^iteaDii^iH*), orbmord-Sre (sycaib); cop-oc-Cex- 

Rily BliCTHTeJTBHHB, nOBiTTJHBaH) on Cop-^re (BSEHaTB, npHHH- 

mtb); fatt-aC' (otfxaHvnBHB, HSiiiHVHBHB) , oti faU'ere (o($« 
MBHBaTB); t;ar-ac- (nposopjiBBQB), on t;or-ar6 (norjon^aTB); 
em-ac {jao6am}i nosyaarB), rjiar. em-ere (DosynaTB), sop. 
em^ cp. caHcsp. jam (aoAaTB, aatb, fttm. txESJiTB^), xp.- 
tfojrapcB. HM-OTH (bsatb), nacT. Bp. leMiiK, b mlth, um-x; {o- 
jfuoc* ( rOBopjiBBuBy spHEjEHBuB), FJTar. loqui (roBopHTB), sop« 
lak=rdkf AP^-^C^oJir. peui-TH, pex-a^; ef-fic-ac- (A'bBcTBHTOJiBHHty 
yfnftmflHfl), ebb "ex-fac-ac-^ on ef-fic-ere (apHqEBHTB, cosep- 
maTB); soi-ao' (cJiaAocrpacTHnB, hoxotiebbB), on saltre (nps- 
raxBy CKasaiB); su^jnc-oc- (noAospHTeuHHB), on S2«5pioere (ao- 
AospftBaTB), EBB *8u})-spec-ere; per-tin-ac- (oocTOEiHaB, yxiop- 
ehB ), En *per-tenr^ cp. ten-ac- (atnBiB, TaepAHl ), rjar. ^- 
ere (AepsaTB); con-tum-aC' (aenpeuoHaHB, ynpfliEil, Beaofiop<- 
hbB) BBHiHeflo EBB cum-tefn-oC'f rjiar. contemnere (npoHetfpe- 
r«TB| npesEpaTB); vh mend-ac' (jsebhB) d eooTB'bTCT^en ot- 
BBynoxy t bi sopBt ment^ rjiar. ment-tri (jraTb). 

IIpEEtpH cyniecTBETejiBflHXB CB T6H0I) Ea -ic- (EEtoniEn n 
poAETeiiBBOii^ -icis): vert-vc- {mjl vart-iC' Wkw. vert-ex ^wjfi^ 
Bopon, syusa, BExpB»), on vert-ere («BepTftn» — AP«-(Sojr. 
Bf^mTH); poll-ic- (eeob. poUex^ masc. octfojiBmoB najiem^), 
on TJL9kV.polhere(^6mh cejkbebe'Bi HoryntecTB6flBHHi»-"C|ftAOB. 
poUex = <ccnihnui naj[.»); pod4c- (Exefl. podex masc. «8aA- 
VEita)»), on rjiar. ped-erCf esp« pard (sop. ped- yevjiEJieE bi 
pod-);frut'4c- (exoh. frutex inasc.<(X0jiOAaE BtTBB, t)TflpiiCB«»)| 
on fnU-' (fiOTopoe, 6htb xosex'^y cocTOxn bi cbepe \C% frnC'- 
iw cuoA'b^f sopidHB KOToparo fru-i aynorpot^UTBi xa^MMAftS!^ 



216 07«9HB0'b -fta. §§. 69 — 70« 

€£»); BTopn«iBHn osasEiBaeTOH -ic- B%caud-ic- (hoh. ctmdex 
«CTBonx>y cp. H codex) J on catK^a (xbocti); -^s BiterbBi 
pOAHTOjrBHOHi verv-ex (sjiaxeHHl Tapani) , npoicxoAaqee otb 

EOBBBiCTHarO BOpflB. 

OBOB^BHie -cer (-crum)^ aoTopoe otfpaayerB eyaiecTBBTen- 
BHfl H npBiaraTeiBBHB , npeACTasjiflen no Bcel BipoiTBOCTi 
nepBOflaqaxbBHS sopeBs kar (Atiaih) b eocTBBueT'b ocotfoBBoeTB 
jiaTBBCBaro bbhbb, Taai-saBi SBaqeEie btofo sopHB abbbo jse 
ppa^eBO H Eitro ero aacTyBaexi oabei TOJibso OTfijeveBflsl 
ey^^^BBci; is:b tbbbbi cy^^^HBcaBi, npeACTaBiBion^flii bbbo rja- 
rojiBEQe RopBB, npBBBAJiesan ocotfeBHO eqe hro- b "bilis^ bsi 
KOTopHU nepBoe cooTBtrcTByen eaBespBTCKoay hhar (boctb), 
BTopoe se ocBOBQBaeTea bb rjiar, Bopei hu — c^sif. bM (Chtb, 
eTaB0BBTLCi[)| cp. Schleicher^ Oompend. 897. IIpBBtpn ciobi 
Cb nepBB^BHBi cy^^HBcoii -cro-: lu-cro- (ntr. «BHroxa, npa- 
6HiBx>)y riar. lu-ere (ornjawBaTB, yAOBJieTBopBn) ; lava-cro- 
(ntr. «($aBB| mhibbba), on lavare (bhtb): volu-cer (leryqiS, 
BpBMTHl volw>ri8 Um. «cnTHiia)»), on vol-are (leTtn); septd- 
crO' (ntr. cbofbiBi rpo6EflAa»), o» ^ejM^ire (xopoBBTB, norpe- 
((btb); simula-cro' (ntr. Bsodpaseaie; ofipasi, npfldpaB'B)^ on 
Bimt^are (noApasaTBi npBTBopBTbca) , cp. ^n»i2iB (cxoabhS, no- 

AOtfflHi). 

BropaqsHBi osasHBaeTCB -cer bi ludi-cer (ludicro-, Baen, 
ludicer ME liidicrus «noTimBHB|aBTepcBiB»)y oti 2uc{u9 (arpa), 
npoBcmoAmaro bsi Undos; medio'Cri- (eeoe. mediocris ccyBft- 
pcBBHl, noepeACTBOHHHBx)), orb medim (cpOABiB), cap. madJ^a. 

§ 70. B^b rOTCBOBl B JIBTOBCBONl BSHKan 'ka UpeACTBBJIB- 

en OBOBWBie BTopnuoe; bi fotcbovi cy^^BBci ka nepexoABn 
Bi -ga-ha a otfpasyen npajnaraTeuBHa bsib cyniecTBBTennHXi: 
vaurda-ha (cJioBecesB), naeBBT. vaurdah-s^ ot% vaurd (oiobo); 
handu-ga- (co6ctb. apyqaoB^), aa-Tiai conHTBQB, ayApBB^)^ 
on handus (pyaa): bto ojobo nepemio vb bbhbib AP^BHe-(k)i« 



npesit, H Docpe^cTBOM'b ero h bi pycesil: jCNiffirL (onHTHHil), 
pyecB. xydooK-^um; greda-ga- (roioiHBl), on gred-us (ro- 
joAi), Kop. gredf csp. gardh (cflibHO sejiaTB), Ap.-(Soiir. tma^ 
Bi JiBTOBCBon BBHKt -X^a ecT& cy^^^RSci BTopocTeneflHHii 
TaBi-sasi pid'ia'8 (tojob jdaoI), Bop. par (ocjia6ji. bi |Hir«s 
|m2^ H iyc'kli (opoii6Hn)| on iyc-yti (oAojixaTB, abbbti bi 

M6M^), SaHlCTBOBaHH Un eUBBHCBBXl flSHKOBi: nepBOe — H81 

ApeBBe-((oir. nifL-Kii a BTopoe hbi dojibck. po-^zy-cayc (oaoji- 
san). npRnipH: &ur-Ad(aocejiJiBKa)y on hur-as («noceiflHRfli» 
cp. Hti. Inmer); oz-Jch (fcosa), oti o^-^ (sosejii); draHgoH-ha 
(ooxpjra), on dra^g-das (AfjT'h)^ pacmapeHBoB (|iopMn toxao- 
ciBOHBaro bo BHa^euii) draugaa (draugh ^coDOBynHO ei, Bitcrt 
ci».. ) ApoBBO-tfojir. A|^<^yi^: pagon-M {BZtmMni) on pagon-as 
(i8ii«Bsx), B8i jiET. pagawus (cp. Ap.*(!ojir. noraiii). EaRi 
BBABO wb 8TBXX npBBftpoB<B, -la o(Spa8yerB cyqecTBBTejibBHfl 
xeBCBaro poAa m% cooTBtrcTBeBaHxi lyxecsBxi. 

Ci rjiacBOD enepoAB 8Torb cy4»4^BBci opflBBHaen 4^opMB 
-iiM, 'OkaSf ^ukas (8a BCBiDneuiexi Bepsaro ocTajrBBEte spoA- 
CTaBMDn cy4^4^Biici BTopocTeneHBHl): hirp-lka-s (cTpBryqil), 
rjiar. Urp-ti (crpB^); kid-lka-a (xojiOTBJiBfl(BBi), on hid4i 
(bojiotitb), cp. Hemes, kldt-iti^ pyccs. KOAomumb; kirt-lka-a 
(pytfBQil), Kop. kirt'' («py($HTL»- csp. kart)^ cp. kirt-ys (y- 
Aapi); 8%uili'6k(hs (yqoBBBi), on siUUe (msojia); nauj-dka-s 
(flOBflqesi), on natijes (hobhA), csp. nova. 

Jljpynur pacmBpeBBaB $opxa 8Toro cy^^Bsca octb 4ska 
(-iski'Jf o6pa8yDfliaB tojiuo cjiobb BTopocToneBBHB: kdn-iska- 
(bbob. kfin-iskas cxtiecBHR*), on kin-as (tIjio); rndter-iska" 
(soBCKil), on moter- (bbob. moU «seHfl^aBa» — poA* motors)} 
Uv-iska- (oTAOBCKill), Uvaa {onn%). 

Oy^^j^BBCB 4a b Toay boa* eoBBBAaen c% -^a^ Taci-Kan 
I, wh savecTBi BBysa B0BtImar0| BcerAft cooTBlTCTByen nepBOsa- 
viBBOiy r. 



218 



OKOHqAHii -ma. 



§ 71. Bi HHAO-eBponelcBoB OTpacjiH 9totl cj^^hsc^b iiojten 

4IBJHTbCfl Wb npOCTOUl UH Bl CJOSHOHl MA%^^Vh noeJT&AHMl 

cijiat oHi pacfflHpfleTCir nocpeACTBOxi npHcraBBH jffb Heiy eoie 
Xpyroro Hocoaoro DieaieHTa. 9to oROHRaaie bo Bcin ceawrxs 
Bamero njieneHB BcipibqaeTCfl aoboibho paaaoii'lpHo h uterB 
BHanrejibHoe pacQpocTpaHeeie; lesjiy oaoH^iaBieM^ b KopHeai 
CTaBHTCfl HHoua co6j(RHiiTej[BHaH rjiacHaa, eiOTpB no tohj — y- 
ciarpHBaeTCii-iii h6o^xoa0BOGtb Taaofl BCTaBSB f,M cotfjiDAeBia 
<$jiaro8By^ia bi a^un'i^ hlm HftT'b. ^o cni oopi ne pasueHe- 

BO, Bl KaSOB CBJiSH COCTOHTl npOCTol Cy^tj^HRCl -ma Bl OKOfl- 

WHiJD -mana (npoHdneAmeny, vosin ($htb, hbi -*inama>^ 
BBpaxaDmeay npBqacTie CTpaAareibHaro ur cpeAHflro saiora* 
Boon-b — Vergl. Gramm* III. 177 — bbahti bi -ma npocTyi) Te- 
My MtcTOBMeuiji; npH otfpasoBaHia rjiaroJUHMXi '^^opai stoti ciori 
npflCTaBjaeTca bi conBtTCTBOHBHii Bopnavi am anpaBOBUi 
nepBaro jibiui: -ma (bq mhos. wcj. nepBOHa^JiBHo -ma^^, ep» 
Schleicher, GompencL 407, 663 b citA. BjiBse Bcero Apyn 
SI APjry CToarB, no-BHAHBOMy, o&OH^iaHii -ma a -mofi, bb% 
BOTopszi locjiAiee ynoTpetfjuoTCii oTBocBTeuHO wni.e; -ma 
t'h BpoAOJiaROHBOD rxacBoS otipaayen eymeeTBBxeiiiHHB seaeBa- 
ro pojia, yooTpetfueHiui Dp^flByu^ecTBeHBo vh nuvA rpa^eeaoBi 
(0E0H9. -fjifif eooTBiTCTByD^ee mr. -ma). ]Jn o6niaro paenpo* 
ttpueBia cjf^^^BBCOB'B -^a b -man MKMmw^n cnpaBeAUBO, 
qra OHB Bo BCBKOBi ciy^at eymecxBOBan bi AporatSmiB spe* 
leBfti Hwu CBoI^CTBeiHa Hameay opaaaaBy b se bbbAbbibcb b 
noert oBOB^aTejBBaro paaBftTBjiefliji ero bb OTAibiBBBfl eeiur* 
riaBBHB $opMs cj^ij^BBCoB'B CI H»i- cyTB: -ma^ -man b *mafia| 
BOTOpae ciftAy^Ti paseBaipRBaTB aiAtiBHo. 

§ 72. yfl0Tp6({ieBie b!b caHcapHrt cy^^^BBca -ma orpaBiqe- 
BO BeBBOFBBB cyD^ecTBBTeiBBHBB B HioBoiBBBBB Dpaiarateofc- 



cy*ft« -ma, *i2H b'b oahobf. § 72. 219 

BBxn; DO aHa^eHiD Tasin cJioBa o($aKHOBeHHo BHpasaDrb xM- 
etBie, Dpe](CfaBjflett06 sopHeM'b, HHorAa— *e noHflTifl OTBjieveiiHHii: 
ruk-fM («8oj[OTO»— eo6cTB. «6ji6CtHiqee»)y Kop. rue (tfieerinX 
89% rwjfc, JiaT* luo-; gJiar-ma (TenjroTs), Kop. ghar («(Jjie- 
CTbTb»), cJiaB, ro|i-, bi cHflr^enHol ({topHt 2Ka|^-, ep. mcap-mU; 
dM-ma (ahmi), Bop, (^Att (ABBraTB), bi» nepBOHa^ajbHol 4^op- 
at BtpoATHo dhUf Tasi-saKb h bi caHCspHTi oKasBBaeTca dhu 

(OTHOCHTeibHO npORBBOAHUXl CJDBl, DpHMaRaDD^IX'B R^b 9T0Vy 

EopBD, cp. Pottf Wurzel-W&rterbuch d. Indo-germ. Sprachen, 
Detmold, 1867, 1067 h cjiif,.); us-ma (masc. «aiapa, sap- 
Eoe Bpesa roAa»), sop. us (xe^ib), laT. ur-ere (iB'b us-^ cp. 
awr-ar-Qj hsi aus-ds-a); dru-ma (AopoBo), nponcmeAioee, b%- 
pGJiTHo, H31 *(2re(A-ma, nop. eZar^ (pacTH), cp. Bopp. Gloss. 
196; noj(o($Hiiai njrewb (KJpasoBaHo h grd-ma (masc. c^epeB-* 
Ml To.ina, co6paHie») H8i "grah-maj (cp. Ben fey ^ Gloss. ]06| 
FA'b 'ynoHHHaeTCJi h laT. greg-s <xco6paHie»)y nps neu% aopeii- 
Baa rjacHaa noABeprjiacb npoAOJiseeii) BCjrbACTBie BHnjesa no- 
ertAiel corjacHoB — sop. grah (5paTb, saxBaraBaTb); dhar-ma 
(« cBpaBe AiHBOcn, aaaoHi » = « qero ao jxho npHAepsuBaTbca v; 
-ma Haien SAftcb sea^enie crpaAareJibBoe), sop. dhar (Aep- 
saTb, cotfjiDAaTb); IM-ma (coiaiie), sop. hhd (6i6crtTb); tig- 
ma (oCTpaS, sapaill), sop. tig (6HTb ocrpiiBi). 

OsoBqaHie -mi^ ynoTpetfjiaeHoe Becbia ptispi ecTb BBMtflOB- 
Boe BCJtbACTBie ocjiatfieflia raacHol -mai IM-mi (<B6BXfl», 
eo^OTB. «cyqecTBjDQaa»), on IM (tfon); roQ-mi (cojaeqays 
ijTb) orb TOBflaro sopaa, Tan-aaai aopfla rdg (tfjecrtn) a 
darQ (caoTpftTb) bo noAXOAan cdab bo BpasHJiaai SBysoB&ai 
(aa datQ jsasHBaen. zotb ci coBBiaieai, BoB^el, Gloss. 267). 

OaoflViHie -man aocbaa pacnpocTpaHOBo; sepeA^a -m obo apa- 
HaaaoTi aaorAa Bcnoaoraiejibfloe -t; ao Baaveflii) -man avkan 
xapUTepx BeoapoAtjioflBHB, BHpaxaa OTaoaioale to f^bSkitn^ 
MnB9e, t6 CTpaABteJibBOe; boitb bo Bcftn ooBan -man oaa- 



220 oyftftVKci -man. § 72. 

SHBEOTeA ey^^HBCon nepBiriHEiH'B. IIpHitpfl: dhd-man (ntr. 
jiflwh^ itcTo)y Bop. dhd (oojiOBHTB, nooTaBHTb); dd-man (ntr. 
«D0Bii3Ba, BepeBsa^), sop. dd, KOTopsff nepemen wb d6 (pi- 
san, ci^B| liiEri); rd-man (bojioch) bbi ^rdh-man (aa vepexo- 
BaaieHi njiaBHUi r i { TaBse U-man cpilns corporis »^ eo($eTB« 
«pacTyiiiee»), sop. ruh (pacTB); Jcar-man (Atio), sop. kar 
(xtian); op-man (KaMOHB), sop. dk (b^pobtho b% Bna^efliH c^htb 
ocTpamo), cp. iiaT. ac-t^ (erjia), ihtobgb. ak-men- (ineH. 
ak'mu)y Ap.-($0Jir. Ka-M6H- (kamij); ^-man (aoroHB», 6yBB. 
«BiicymHBai>ntiH»)y Kop. gus (tfuTb cyzBB'b aBiccarix)); var-man 
(aiafH»=<KnoBpHBai)mi6»), oti var (npBspHBaTBi BaqBntaTB); 
gar-man (((laronoiyqie, ciaciie), sop. gri (<batb» — «to, ^to 
HAorBi yxaeTCfl*); vig-man (aoii), Bop. vig (bxoahtb); car- 
man (aosa)y sop. car; bhar-man (ccnuTa^ xaiOBaBBe»=«TO| 
iTo DOAi,epsBBaeT'B»), Bop. bhar (HOctH, noxx^puBaTB); chad- 
man (zHTpocTBy o6iafli)y Bop, chad (noBpiiBaTB, cspiiBaTB); 
pri-man (iiotfoBB), on prt (paAoaaTB^ jed^htb); gan-man (pos- 
AOflie), Bop. gan (poabtb). Bi ^dp-man (rpftxi, neroAHOCTB) 
-man jhojisho cqeraTB cy^^^HBCoii BTopocTeneBBon, TaBi-saB'B 
OTHoCBTCjr Kh BpHjiaraTeiBBOiy pdpa (HeroAHHi)i BOTopoe Bei- 
^elf otfiBCHiieT'B B8i ap-dpa—apa-dpa (BeroAiiii^ilcB, HonpE- 
CTofffliiB). OoAa opBflaAJiesHT'B b dt-man (^AHxaaie, Ayn^ xy- 
Dia»— cp. rpo9. dvT'fjLii <AHxaflie, xyHOBesie, B^brepiD), boto- 
paro .BacTOJintiB BopoBB TpyxBO onpoAtiHTB (Bes^eS— Gloss. 
40— npeAJiaraen otfiacHeHie repeal ava-t-man on HBHiaro av^ 
CToaqaro bh^cto vd=^Ksn^ BtBTB^, TaB'b-qTO dt'man=^vd'- 
t-man; Taaoe otfMCHeflie OABaBo ocTBBjiien ho pftmeBBBn 
zapaBTopi BByBa t , ocjih pasBft bo hpobbboahtb *vdt-man npnio 
on vdta cBftTepi^y b!b BOTopon cjiyqaft aojisho 6a spbebtb 
-man sa cy^^HBCi btoph^hhI)* vjd-man (fle(tO| Boaxyz^y Boxa, 

€0($CTB. « nOBpHBaDOiee ») Vh CBABH Cb BOpB. tji (nOBpHBaTB), 

BpHiBBaiHi^n'B n opocTOiy av (Benfey^ Oil 300). IIpHiftpH 



cy««. -mill, ^maiU^ ^mdna. § 72. 821 

es BCTEBKoB BcnoHorftTejiBHaro i: gar-i-man (TJisecn), npiijiar. 
guru (Msejuifl) bbi ^gw-u^ Rop. ga/r (soTopiiB vh i nepe- 
xojiirb Bi gxY'i «ropai>); lagh-i-man (senocn), on laghu 
(lemB), Kop. Za^A; sar-t-inan (cBtTepitt^^iAmil^X ^^ 
Mr (bath); ^n-i-tnan (posAOHie), Rop. gem; wh himan (ao- 
joTOy SHMa), eanpoTBBi m ecu bbjri RopeHHoI, TaRi-RaRi 8to 
CiOBO o6paaoBaBO 0T^ hima (cBftn, asia). 

Oj^^HRCi -min ( hn -man) pijiRO ynorpetfiaeTeff, ho Biipa- 
saen cioBa BTopHiiBaro odpaaoBasU: svd-min (cbtfcTBeaBBRi, 
zosiiflHiy BjaxtJieiii) omteTOBH. sva (cboR); vdg-min {kjik- 
EO^i^WBui\ on vdc (ptu), Rop. vah; grd-min (noceuHm, 
SHByqil B% AopeBHft) otfiJicBaeTca En grdma (AepeBBx) no- 
cpeACTBom OROHqaHiii -t^. 

Si -^an npHMEiRaerb h BTopocTeneHBoe ORonqaHie -mant: 
^ft-mant (cwctjiebbS), on qH (c<iacne); sarva-gakti-mant 
(BceiorynaB) on gakti ( MoryqecTBO, eua), Rop. (oA; (vo^b, 
6mh Bi coctoahIh ); gd-mant ( ({oraraB CROTOiiy RopoBaHV, ua- 
A^Jieiii CROTa), on g6 («RopoBa, (Shbs»); angu-mant («60J[h* 
jjfif jiyHa]>=«OAapeHHuB jiyqaiE»), on angu (lyn^ huddhi- 
mant (pasyMEHB, iyApQl)| on buddhi (noaaaHie, paayai, pas- 
iHoiJieBie), Rop. budh («y8HaBaTb| 8aitqaTb)», eo6cTB. «npo6yx* 
AaT&ca»); dM-mant (MyApuB), on dht (paayi'Bi Ayn), rjiar. 
Rop. dJydi (AyiBTB); (fjus-mant («0AapeHBHB A^Jiroi) SH3HiD»y 
vh iiopeHocHou ciHCi'ft «rocnoAHHi», t. e, «KOTopoiy sejiann 
AOiroB xi8HH»; n nocjiiAHon Bfla^eBiH BCTptweicji oco^ohho 
UCTO Vh ApaHan)9on djus (sH8Hb), Rop. i (hathX R'b ROTopoMy 
npKcooAHBHJicfl npoAion d: d-i (opidaBJiiiTbca, pacTH) h npov. 

ORonaBie -^dna (BtpoaiHo h81 nepBona^aibBaro -mana) otfo- 
BHa^aen vb caHCRpBTt npHqacTie BacToaqaro BpeiOHB laai las. 
fttmandpadam (aoioparo OROHqaHia BHpaxann un cpeAaiB^ 
twb H OTpaAaTeibAHB saiori); bi BtROTopun paspaARii ru* 

rOJIOBX(TaRl— BOBTOpOHly TpeTbOUi OaiOMl, COAUIOni ViOTO s 



222 09ft«iK0i 'mdna. § 72. 

Bii AecflTOMi) BHtcTO mdna BCTpftqaercii dna, soTopoe no bi- 
AiHouy ecTB ho HBoe hto, Basi coKpaqaHHoe mdna; 9T0. oeoh- 
VBie ciixoBaTeibHO coBepmoHHo coBnaAaeT'b n pyces. ^muH, bh- 
pasax)iu0xi» Tasoe-se npHqacTie BacTOflii^aro BpeveHH CTpaxa* 
feiboaro sajiora (cp. Aioffu-MuU^ yeao/cc^e-Muitf hocwc-o-muU h 
Dp*); en^e Btpafte otfHapysHBaeTCii TaaoB cj$(t>HKCi vb ijswor 
BOHi jiBHBty TA^ pyccBOHj "MuU CO 'TfitTCTByoT'b jiyxms. — fimy, 
Hasp, prejo-mny (sejiaeial), dzUo-mny (AliaoMHl), hnuj-O" 
P^f^y (ABHraeauB) h np. 

OeotfOHHocTH H HenpaBHJiBHocTH, ouiuDiitifl oTAi^JBHiie paa- 
paAH cattcapHTCBan rjiarojioBi b^ tbs'b flaa. cneifiaiBfiHn ape- 
Meaaxi (r. e. bi nacT. apoH., bi sejar. Has.!. — potentiaUs^ 
Bii noBOJHTeJBHOM'b H wi BpocTOMi aopHCxi ), yAopsHBaoTca a ai 
^opaaxi Ba -mdna^ HJia -dna. IIpHxtpH: gSp-a-mdna (aaniH- 
maeaul), on gup (aaaoiBmaTB*; rjaroiBHHM sopoHB opaaaAie- 
win nepBOiy paspaxyt ^ noABepraeTca ryai); gobh-a-mdna (tfia- 
CTaTOJiBHHH), Bop. Qubh; bMs-a-mdna (roBOpamiH), aop. Wids 
(«roBopBTB» — I. fttmanfipad. ); tud-a-mdna (yAapfleasSy TOJisa- 
4)MjaI), sop. ttid; mune-a-mdna (nycKacHiiB, (CBo(!osAaoMBl)^ 
Bop« muc (aoraycaaTB, ocBo($os^aTb)» — QpaiuBaexi k% 6 pas- 
V^Ki)f sprg-a-rndfia (AOTpomBaeauH), Bop. sparg; sfff^ja-mdna 
(cosAaBaemB, eoTBopaeauB), sop. sarg (srg). HanpoTHBi : tom- 
v-dna (pacTHrHBaenEiBX o^*^ '^^ (i^iHyTB); jung-dna (coeABHfl- 
eaiiifi)9 Kop. jug (jiai. jung-ere); Jcur-vdna (AtJiaeaHfl) o(Jpa- 
Boaauo BoopaBBJibBO 0T*B sopaa Jcar (A^JiaTB), cp. aoBOJET. huru 
< A*iafl ). 

-ja- QepoA'B -mdna (ecia ho eoeTaBjaeTi ocotfeBHocTa qeiBop- 
TaropaapflAAi'nrojiOB'B) osBaqaeTi UpaqaeTia sacTOflni. Bpeaeaa 
OTpaAaT. Baiora : gru-ja-mdna (cjiHBiHaHB), sop. gru; hfi-ja- 
mdna (A'bJiaeaHi) ot:b kar. 

npHqacTie 6yAyi^aro Bpeaeaa cpeABaro h cipaABTejiBHaro sa- 
loroBft BiipasaeTca npflCTaafiOK) caora ^a nepei^B -mdna : ni^ 



G7fto. -ma B% AP«-BifiTP. ii3. § 73. 228 

ija'm4na (KOTopafl (SyAen BexeHi) oti n{ (b6cth); dd-^'a-md- 
na (^TO tfjA^n ABHo), Kop. c{tf. npHqaeiie jABoeHBaro npcmeA- 
maro BpeMOHH fttmandp, ROBqaoTCii tojiiiSO ea -dna : ta-tarp-dna 
(sop. tarp « paAOBaTKCiTy HacHiiiaTi6fli>), tU'ttMl-dna (sop. tud 
«yAftpiiTb»), gi-gri^-dna (qH «hathb), 6i-6Atd-<Jna («pacEO- 
aOTBl», sop. Ihid—AM. find'ere)^ ni-nj-dna (nt=hWtw). 
HenpaBHJibHiiiE $opHH: Un-dna (bi« ^ta-tan-dna^ Rop. torn; ko- 
peaa le yABOfleTCfl, ho sopeHHoe a HSH'ftHfleTca b% &; taaol ne- 
peBopon ycMaTpHBaoTca bi ^opaaz'b iHosecTBeHearo HisoTOpHX'b 
riaroiOBi, cp. dih-ima^ Kop. do^ aurere^^, tres-ima «ih 6oi- 
jHCB», Bop. tras^ spoMi to-^ros-i-ma^ soTopoe TO»e ynoTp6(S- 
laeica; reff-imaf KpoMi ra-rei^-ma, Bop. rdg «($jiecrbTB» h 
iip.)t $^-i2^M( orb jag (xepTBOBan) hu.*ja'jag-dna ( cp. i^-ma 
<VH sepTBOBaj[H») I np. 

§ 73. Bi xpeBBe-($aBTpiBcsoH'B asHKft AB'BHMmee pasBiiie 
rpaiKaTBqecBHxi (tropin jcaaTpBBaeTca yse hsi HenpaBBibHoera 
ynoTpe^JLesia -mna h -ana (am BopaseHia ynoiaHyTHX'b npi- 
wciil), TaBi-KaKi nejifcdfl oupeAiJBTB ToqHaro npaaHjia, no so- 
Topoay 6b bi rjiarojaii npacoejiBHaiocB oaho h8:l bthxi oboh- 
^BBiB. ma B man nonaAasTca b sa^cb HepftABO ; npaatpH cjiobi 
(nepsHqHHXi) Ha ^macgr^-ma (noAKyni), aop. grah = ciiLf. 
gras (teTB, norjioniaTfc); du-ma (zbocti^), oti du = cKf. dM 
(ABiraT&y aaxaTB); vigpo-bd-ma (coBcftm ((jiHCTaTejUHHl ), aop. 
hd^ exp. bhd ((^JiecT'bTb); t;a%-ma (npssHitaBie), sop. vcA (cp. 
f;aMAa« « xoppmiB, ao<$Ph8 » h i;an% «(SjBCTaTB»); gar-e-ma (f^n* 
jhS, repaqiS), sop. ^ar, cKp. ghar (roptiB, cUtb) — e sayBi 
BCTaBieBHuB, cp. cap. ghar-ma; takh-ma (cBopaB^ chahhS), stp. 
tdk ((itaaTB)y cp. to&-a ((!iri^ 6%»ao(iH); ft^lnao-ma (yioaae- 
TBopeHie, yAOBOJiBCTBie), Bop. khsnu (6uTh aobojibhhhi); JArH-ma 
(yzacHHM)^ aop. khru {6uTh yxacBEiMi| paBiTb); vag-mainon^rb)^ 
sop, vas (hatb, jieTlTL), cp.nepcHACB.t;eier-lie»» cBp.t;a& (ip.- 
6iav. B6€-TH^ Bei^-iB); jpa^A-ma(aH(ap'B)^ aop.jpo^A (BaioisaTB). 



224 7«*HS0'& -ma, -man. § ?3. 

B) %ijni-ma (jishbi) -ma otfpaayen o&OBUHie BTopivHoe^ 
npHMHsafl fii cjDtecTBHTejibHoxy hiau (vjishbia; BOSBOAHTb bto 
CJOBO ea iW ccnpflSHBaTB, iiojIhti»chi> xozho passt no anajrorii 
caHCsp. gi-hvdf AP*-nepc. iedva — hbi hisdva-^ cap. BOp. hot 
=«AP«-(iojir. s^ba-th; %ijgre« mosbo Taaaae cooocTaBHTb ei AP*-((ojr. 
n^-Kii/ Bi BOTopon -n opexcraBJiaeT'B oaoH^aflie, BiiBmee 
nepBoaaqauHO BHa^OHie yxoHbniHTeibHoe, cp. npaiar. TbHb-n^ 
ropb^n^ TiKjKL-rb H op.), fii eim (sHia, xojioa^b), ecnnpoHC- 
xoAHTi OTi Bopufl sA (cp. J%^%^ Handb. 125)9 ^ coBpaqeBO 
BS'b -may TaBi-BBBX cyn^ecTByerb enie Apyru $opMa : sA-ma^=^ 
cap. %i-ma. OoHBBTejibHaro BpoBcxosAeHia ecTbHjerem (aaeajia^y 
nepe. sem4n)^ csp. gam (cp. ^mA «fla 86MJii»), BOTopoe co- 
CTOBTi B^ cBii8H CI T0SA6CTBeHHBaH DO sflaqeBii) gam (ablat. 
H genit. €gmasi»)j h Jcsam = Jc$md nn hhmd (gam h ksam 
npeAciBBJiaDTi sa^cb BtpoaTHo BacTOBo^iB BopeBb, Taa^-vio cy- 
mecTBBTeibHoe coBnaAaeT'b ci BTBM'b nocjitABBM'b). 

OKOflqaaie -man otipasyen cjoaa nepBH^BEia : a-pil-man {6ezir 
HCByccTBeBBSiSy Be npHroTOBiOBfluB), Bop« pis (repeTby nparo- 
TOBiflTb); rag-man (orpBA'B boSckb), aop. *arez (TaayTbca), 
Baa'b BHABO B3i erejerti (flAyqil npaio, hctbabhA), B^opianpe- 
BOCXOAH08 CTeneflB aioro npajiaraTejbflaro : raW^a (oqeab opa- 
BoB, cikpaBej.JBBHB), cp. fl rdz^a^ rdz-are (pacnopaseflie, bo- 
CTaflOBJieaie); ^ao-man (uoxBaJa), Bop. ^u (xBajBTb, npeaos- 
BOCBTb); cal-man (mbsi), Bop. *cas»CKp. caA;^ (BiAtTb) — bi 
caBcapBTl BBtcTO -man yaoTpe^iaeTca cyif^^ittcb -us : coJcs-m 

(Wb CpOABHXl Cl AP«-(^&STpiBCKfll'b BBBRaXl OBaSHBaeTCB BesAt 

-m: nepcBACB., ryaaap. b a^rae. casm^ ces-m); drao-man (aa- 
naAeaie), Bop. dru ((StzaTb); dai-man (bba^, xbiio), Bop. dt 
(BiAtTb)i nepc. dt'den; pai-man ( hojiobo aaeflCRoe ), Eop. pA 
I (nuTb, ooBTb); taoJiJ^-man (sapoAHoiiy ctia), sop. *tuk (pac- 

BiKpeflBaa ij^opaa npocToro tu atfsTb ai cocTOBBiiD — Justi^ Hand- 
bach, 135); t;a^-man (Aoxi), aop. vtg (npaxoAHTbi aoctiu); 



079 oil KC. -mantj -mana. % 73. 225 

vdr-eman («3aniRTa - rbjio^ — BicMQCJit anospoBi AjniHi) ), sop* 
f;ar (cp. BsmenpneeAeHHoe caacKp. var-man); dun-manf^u^^f 
Tynans X ^op.. dhu- (no anajioriH cancKp. dhu-ma ccahh^v); 
na-fHan (HMfl)B3i*jerna-, cop. iran (^HikiH), pasDO saKicaHCsp* 
naman HS'E *gnd' {b% ap^-^^ojf. h-ma BEinajH Aase o6i sa* 
98ji&HHjr corjiacHUiT, h npeACTaBBTeiemi sopHA oKassBaeTca oaho 
TOJBBo BSM'bHeBHoe h), np. 

npfrMtpH cjiOBi Ba cy^^ifKCE -mi, paBBflnn^iBcB -ma: urufh- 
mi (pacxyiuiR, poen), Kop. uruth (pacT0)=rwe?, nepBoaaq. 
rudh^ cp, carcsp. ruh; var-e-mi (aaniHTa, noKpoBHTe.iBCTBo), 
TJiar. var: lu-mi («3eMJiB)) — co(5ctb. acymecTByioniaai)), Kop. 
6w=CKp. IM; da-mi (TBopeiji), bhhht. da-mt-m^ Kop. t?a= 
CKp. dM. 

Osofl^aBie -mant irBJiBercfl nopBOCTeneBnan'b b'b cJEOBi: t;2- 
X;^ri2-9na^^ (TaxejisJ!, ysacflQfl), Eop. TchrUy — Bi ocTaJbHHXi^ 
CJlOEax^ BcerAft BTopnqHHMx: bdnu-mant (6jiecTBii][iH, oAapensHB 
jy^asfi), OTi 6^-wi* (•'ly^'t)^ Kop. hd; jdtu-mant (BO-iraeCHHS), 
OTB ^ai?* (KOJiAynx, BOjmetiHHKi); ^ao-mawf (MtiojuiB m^co, 
saaacmiSca Mflcoaii), ot^ gdo (aopoBa, Cum)^ hsiob. gdus; 
pouru-mant (MBoro^HCJOHBHB), orx pouru (no-iBaB), Kop. par 
(HanoJiHan), cp, ppe^. ttoKv^; Tchratu-mant (paayiiBuB, MyApuB) 
OTB khratu (nyApocTt, pasyins) s np. 

OiiOHqanie 'fnana^ o6pa3y®ni.6e npH^acTifl (tb 8Haqeuie»^ nepao- 
Baqa.iBQO CTpaAaTe.ibBH»:B, coicpan^aeTca bb -mna: bar-e-mna 
(«4AymiB», co(5cTB. «BecoiiHl»), on bar (HeciB); vaz-e-mna 
(bioh. vazemno aftAyntiBB'b KOJieCBHAty b^ bob1»-~co6ctb. aBO- 
somhB, Tan^BoiHBx)) sop. vaz^ k^.-^qjlv. ee^-; t;ac2-e-mna (hmoh. 
vademnd «xeBi!X'B»), aop. vad («batB| T6qb»y b'b npnqHBBTeJB- 
BoB ^opsit <cBecTB)»— ep. a^raacs. vddah <(()paK^s>, Ji^^^{, Handb. 
265); main-i-mna (MHCJiflqiBy pascyxA^'^ioniiB), sop. mar^; mar- 
e-mna (roBopiim,iB, pascsasHBajon^iB), sop. mar (qomqbtb, pas- 
csa8SBa7B)| 6sp. smar (cp. jar. me-mor «BenoMHBaK)ii^iB»); 

15 



226 OTftOHBo. -mofia, -dna. % 73. 

percQ-e-mna (vh cjioshoh'l paiti-pereQ-e-mnd aenpaniHBai>- 
iB}Ay>)f rjar. pareg (cnpaniHBan); aipi-pdr-e-mna (yxMOCTi-* 
Bjmnii^iH) — npiiqHHHT. (j^opia on sop. par (nanojiH^TB); vt-dus- 
e-mna (pasAtjaDqiS), Kop. dul (jan), nepBoaaq. du=da; 
dao-mna (pasiHmjiaDniiBy roeopaniB), on Bop. du (cb jcHJie- 
Hieii BopeHHoB rjiacHoH); aog-e-mna (roBopjiniiB), Eop. aog (ro- 
BopHTb); BCTp^bqaeTCfl OAHaso h 4^opiiia aog-a-na (bi toki-xo 
BHaqeBUi)^ Tasi-qTO -mna h -na (ana) opiicoeAHHflDTCfl si ox- 
Hoif H TOMj-se BopHD; cp. H har-c-mna (tAyo^iB BepxoMi) h 
har-a-na («Hecy]iiiB»; pasHHA osoRqaHiA otfycjiOBJiHBaDrb pa3- 
Mm vh SHaqeHin); jaz-e-mnd h jaz-d-nS (xepTByno^iB)^ sop. 
jaa (vxepTBOBan, npeB03H0CHTb» — ynoTpetfiaeicfl toibbo bi 
cpeAHeM'b sajior'ib); hh^aj-a-mna (i^apcTByioiiiiB, noryn^ecTBeHHaB, 
iiapB), Bop. Wm (aapcTBOBaTb); qar-e-mna (npHqacT. cpoA* sax. 
OTi qar <KicTb»). 

IIpHHftpH npHqacTifl cTpaAaTeunaro saxora HacTOxniaro spe- 
xeHB: fraorig-i-mna (on fra-urvig « npoHSBOAHTb, bhxoahtl^); 
^idh-i-mna (yiOdifleiiiiB), Eop. gad (anpocHTB, yMOMTb»--i- 
mna bi TaBHXi cxyqaflu npoBSomjio hsi -ja-mana^ sa Buny- 
CBOiii iiepBHXi AByxi a; paith-i-mno (hm6h. ccBoiopoB sanoji- 
HeH!b qftHi-HH6yAi>9 BJiaAtoTix)) BS'B ""path-ja-mana-s^ sop. path 
(flanoxHflTb); DOJiBaa no CBoeiiy oEOHqaHiD $opua coxpanejiacb 
Bi frddh-a-ja-mand (orb Bopa. frddh ccpacmHpiiTb, enocotf- 

CTBOBaibd). 

IIpHqacTie tfyAyn^aro BpeaeHH CTpaAaTennaro saxora: jsa-hja- 
mna^ Bop. zan (poahtb), csp. gan; -hja-mna cooTBiTCTByen 
caacBp. 'Sja-mana. 

npHiftpH npHqacTiB aa -dna: ava-ghn-dna {j^iktvi. -^d«y- 
((iBiia^), on ava-gan (yiiepniBJiaTi); gerez-dna (sajiynn^iBcii), 
Bop. garez (cbTOBaTB, sajoaaxBca); dath-dna (Hiea. dathdnd 
cTBopaqiBx)), Bop. dath (a'^^atBi tbophtb); da-dar-dna (bhoh. 
'dn6' npBqacT. DpomeAm. BpeMeaa cpoAa. aajiora) on aopH. dar 



ei^^juKQ'b -ma. § 74. 227 

(jiepxaTB, yAepxHBaTB); gtar-dna (cBflSHBaDmiB), sop. Qtar (bi 
nepBOHftqaibB. BHa^eniH <cK.facTby paacTfrjian^); ae-dna (co6ctb. 
cBeAyniiRy roBAo^iB))), cp« a^rt^ azdno (opojiHBaDii^iB cji63ei) — 
az-t-mna^ npoHcxoAflii^ee ot^b Toro-ise Kopflfl, HitoTB SHaqeHie 
CTpaAaiejibHoe: «BB9AeHHHB Bi 8a($Jiyxji6Bie , OTorHaHBHB x> ; 
Jovhhln-vdna (yAOBjeTBop^niQiB, HOJiamiB), oti Tchhiu. 

MtcTBHB iiaAesKi HtsoTopHxi cjiobi Ba 'dna sacTynaen Ht- 
CTO BeonpeAti'iHBaro: Qrao-s-dn^ (r.iar. ^us ^cAum-amtri — pac- 
mnpeBHafl ^opia bbi qru^ Bop. hru-j npHqaciie npom. B^av. 
HHioTi BHA^b yABOOBBuB: gurU'Qruse-mnd «npBCJiymHBaBmiBcfii>); 
vares-dnS (aeonp. dyAyniaro BpeiieHH <if,M Toro, no6u o(Spa- 
($OTfiBani!>), rjiar. varez (^A'bBeTBOBaTBy pa6oTaTB»; s o^MCBfler- 
CH nocpeACTBOMi cJiHtifl z CB j^ HJiH Toqate z c% ^\ TaKX-iTO 
varesdni o6pa30BajiocB rbb *varez-^a-ni ; yABoeflBoe npHqacTie 
OTB BToro BopBfl EuteT'B BBa^oflie cipaABTejiBfloo: vd-verez-cma 
«qui factus estx>); mar-dne («npH paacqeii, pa8CM0TpiBiH»), 
Kop. mar (boubbtb). 

§ 74. Bi rpeqecKoai'B BZELHi eyj^^nscB -ma npHBRMaen j»op^ 
vy -f(6 AJiH cyvecTBHTejiBBnx'B Hysecsaro p., -jutj au xeflCKaro 
poAa; CJOBa c:b TasBH'B OKOBqaaieu^B (SHBaiorB npeBisyniiecTBeBflo 
DepBflqBUfl, otfpaBOBaHBEifl na ocHOBaiiiH rJiaroiiBHHXii RopneB; 
pacrnHpenie osoBqaHifl -ma odBapysHBaexcn bi ^acTO BCTpibqae- 
lOHi 'fxctr-^ o6pa3yv)nie]ii cyn^ecTBHTejiBHEifl cpexHiiro poAa, ae- 
P'bAKO Bi SBaqefliH OTBJieqeflBOMx; nepBonaqaxBHoe -man ocu- 
({jifleTca Bi -/uov- MH -fcev-, caHCspHTCBOMy -m(2fia cootbIt- 

a) OROflqaflid -ma. (ioD-ixo- (hmob. jSa)juoV ocbchboo BOBBsmeH- 
floe Micro, s6pTieflflHBi»), raar. ^cti-vo) (hatb)^ sop. iS^e-^cKp* 
gd; dv'S'iJiO' (iiNeB. ave^os aBirepi*), Kop. ctv-=an (AyTB); 
TfoK-B'fJio- (HMeB. TSoKefJLos aBoBHan)), KOp. ^^A-, cp. ^iA(», 
7fi><ofica (noAHHiavcB, o6paii(ai>CB); avb-e^ixo- (hh6B. uv^eixov 
«ilBftrB»), rjar. avd-ic^ (bbpoctbtb, npoi^utTaTB); Bo^-ixo- (hhoh. 

15* 



228 cyft«HBOi -ma. § 74. 

doo'fjios «Ejqa»), Eop. ffflt-, cp. dioo^ rl^fjii (aoJoaHTB, Bjacn) — 
a> npoACTaBjAOTi btophtohS doai»6HI nepeoHa^ajibBaro -a; aV- 
feo- (BMen. ct(riJtos «ntHie, ntCBa»), mi "oiS-ixo-^ rjar. u^'(» 
(noH)), (Jyj. Bp. occ'OfjLUiy sv'O^'fjLo- (HMen. ^uo^ixos «6jiaroBOB- 
Hi]B»)y Kop. c(?- (naxByTt), cp. o^-« hsi ^o^J^-Jo), o^'Oi>^-yis (aa- 
xyiiH); etye^-f/o- (HiieH, dys^ixos «co(5paBie»), rjar. ctyelq(» 
(co6HpaiD)=*cey€f-j'»; e^sr-iAo- (HMea. i^er-fxiff «Becjro»), Kop. 
g^FT- cp. i^irroo (rpetfy BecaaMH), hbi *gfer-ja); ^ickt-ixo- (aaieH. 
dicKriJLos aaacHJiie, npflHysAeBie»), riar. (iici^'<» (npBHyzAaR)); 
Kav'fjLO" (eiieB. kuv/jio^ occrapanie, roptuie»), rjar. xcc/a? (ary), 
(5yA. Bp. KcLv-croj] ^^cLo-'iJLO' (HMen, (^^cktijlU ccKHntflie, Bape- 
Bie»), rjar. ^^urra> (kbajik), KJioKO^y) a3'b*/3fflcr-i(»; iv-n-ixo- 
(Huea. hrijJLos cnomeaHBtt, jBa£aeMEi8)»), Kop. r/-, cp. t/-(v 
(i^']kHH)| yaassaio); oti Toro-xe Eopaa npoHcxoABT'L cyniecTBtiTeJib* 
Boe seacsaro poAa ci TasHHi-se cj^^bbcoui: r/-/u>f (qecTb, 
yBaaeaie); Ai-/^o- (aMea. Jiju^V aaapx, cajo»), r;iar, J^ctZ-tw 
(cosaraK)^ BOcnjaMeaaE)); aycavKr-juo- (HMea. dyoovicrfMos <ccocTfl< 
saaie, cnopx»), r.iiar. dycovi^oixcti (cpaxawcb, cocTB3yiocb); juv^f- 
/4>l (navJiTb, BocnoMBHaaie), sop. mna=^man^ cp. fjLt-fxvif'cncoo 
(noMHK)), MT. me-fnin-i (hbT) *wa»-wan-a^; xaJ.jw>i (cejio, ^e- 
peBHB), Kop. KI-, rJiar. nsl-fxcti (jexy), cap. f?; cLvr-fxif (Ayno- 
Beiiie, Btiepx), cp. caacKp. dt-man; ^ctA-cc-fcj; (.laAoub). Kop. 
TTuK', cp, TrvthJ^co (Maxaio) urn VotA-^o?; l^i-(rT»f-/u>j (aayKa, 
noHBHaHie), r;iar. zK-icrrct'iAcn (aaaK)^ noaaaaiOy yutio); ^u-)U9f 
(sacJioe Tl>CTo)y rjar. ^h-oD (aanjiDy BHJiaio); (pYi'iJt.fi (p'b^b, hoi- 
Ba), rjEar. (pr\fxl (roBopBo), Kop. (pfj=bhd; r^v-^xfi (AHpa), rJiar. 
r^vo) (opocnepJiaBaK)); ^v^a-f/t^ (saxoxAeBie)^ lOjEAy osoaqaaieii^b 
H Eopaeni BCTaajieBO cr, cp. Svo/Jiai (saxoxy, saEaTUBaDCb); ^or- 
a-fco- (BHeo. TTorufjios «piKa») bo BceS BipoflTBOCTH coAep- 

ZBT'b BTOpa^tlHS Cj^^EECb ma, XOTfl Hpfl SaTpyAHHTeJIbUOMl 

npoH^BOACTBi BToro cjioBa BacTOflmiB ero Eopeab leiieB'b (eAaa- 
JB OTBOCBTCA CDAa FJiar. 7fl7froi> — anaAani^i DpoacmoAniiM HS'b 



cy^oHKO'b -uta bi rpsq. hs. § 74. 229 

^Tfi'Tth'OH'j cBopieHosHO DOAyvaTB cjTH^eHiB ex TT^roV aQHTBe, 

HaOHTOKlA— -BOp. ^ro-y CSp. ^(i <i(ni!TB»; H CJIOBO TTOVT'Off aOT- 
EpBITO.6 HOpe», HOSen, &*& BiE0T0pOM!b OTHOmeeiH) CJiySHTB Toq- 

Bol onopEj). 

CitoBA cb BTopocTeneHHHM'B OBOH^iaHieM'b -ma: ^A-/beif (toje* 
Hafl BOj^a, Mope), oti aA-^ (cojib); (iocb-fAO'- (iiiieB. ^ccd-fjLo^ 
«mar'By CTynenbx)), oti (iud-os (oTAaJeHHOCTB, rjfCSBHa, npoTfl- 
xeflie); OBOHqame -/fco- b'b npBJcaraTejbHux'B ot^aapyxHBaeT'B 
CJioBa BTopaqBaro odpasoBaflin: ctAx-i/^o- (aateff. u^KifjLoff acBJib- 
bh8, xpa6pfi8»); oti uAx^ (dua, xpaSpocn); ccvd'ifxo^ (i\b'&t- 
BoB, necTpHg), ott> uv^os (nBtrB); icK-s/xo- (oAoCpeanHB, xo- 
poHiiH), OTi ()oKcir (DpeAGoaoxenio, bhabmoctb); ccycSy'$f4o- (cno- 
co^hbB bb nepoBOBB'b, otfjaqaeMuB bb qe»^), otb ay^'f (Be« 
AeBie, BeaeHiCy pyKOBOACTBo), Bop. dy-; (pBo^-i/xo^ (paapymHiiaB), 
OTB (pBo§ec (yHaqToaeBie^ ratfejib), r.iar. (p^sl^oo; cpv^-ifjiO' (h3- 
^iraenHBy oTBpaTBTejTBasB), cymecTB. ^u|if (Cin), H3B ^<Puy- 
r/-^; t^cctr-ifAO' (AOCiynHHB, npoxoAHMHfl), otb /3aW (xoab, 
ocaoBaflie), Bop. /3ct-; x^iicr-tfjio' (ynoTpeOHieJJtuHB, nojresHHB), 
OT'B %f?-<ri-f (yno'ipedjieeie); <pcf-/juo- (n.ioAopoAHHB, nojiesHiiiB), 
OTX (p^^t^ (fleceHie, npoBBBOAeBie, aoxoai^)! Bop. (ps^'. 

OBOnqaBie -/u^vo- o6pa3yeTB opHqacTia ne tojibbo flacTOfloiaro 
BpeMBBH (cpeAHBFo H cipaAaTOjiBnaro sajioroBB), ho h opomeA- 
maro h 6yAyn;aro BpencHH, npocToro n Cjioxsaro aopucTa: rvTr-t'O- 
fxevo' (hmohht. r\ynr'Ofjt,€vos ayAapBeHHfl»), Bop, rv7f'\ ^i^-r-o- 
fC€vo- (6pocaeMHB), Kop. ^/tt-, CBp. hsip; Tisiyr-o-fxevo' (ociaB- 
jiAeHHB), Bop. XiTT' (hsii HepBOHaqajibBaro *?^K', cp. jbt. Zic-: 
linquere^ relic-turn); npnqacTia nponieABiaro BpeMene: ys-yfctfc- 
/4^yc- (hmch- ysy^afXfjLhvos «HanHcaHHHB») H3B y8''y^cL<P''iJLevo'^ 
rJiar, y^dcpoo (nHmy); he - hv - fxivo- (pasBasaHHaB), Bop. Au-| 
Ke ' Koi^ - fjiivo- ((JhthB) H3B \e-K07r'ix€vo'f Bop. x^- (xc7r-r-» 
«6bid»); npHqaciia 6yAyo(aro fipeaieHH: S(»'(ro''ixeyo' (otb ol-oo^/At 

«A«»»); Kft>\|;c^fyo- (h8B Xfu^-<70-), OTB Xft^tW (BpOD), BOp. 



230 oyoonBCB -ma. § 74. 

xfu^r-; r^f^ofxevo (=rf//3-o'o-), orb rf/jS-o) («Tpy», cp, pyccK.— 
mjpe^T- B'B ucmpe6umh); npHqacim cjvosHaro aopHCTa: xo\|^-ct- 
fjisvo (hbi KoTTcrct-), Eop. jcc>^-; 'TtKe^d - ixevo- (esi STA«c-o-flf-), 
Kop, s!rA«c-: TrAix-a (lueTy); npHiacTia npocxoro aopHcxa: ^i- 

ftevp- (aop. Be ^= Bet), OTl r/dn/^' (cTaBJil)); ^o-fjieyo' on irio^'/jit 
(AaD); e'/jtevo' orb t^n-f^f (nocsJiaK)), Kop. I-. 

Hepi^Ai^o OKOH^aHie -fcevo- BupazaeTi BacTOflmia npHJiaraTen"- 
iiur, KOTopsa vh cbod oqepeAb Horyr'b HHorxa nepexoAHib b^b 
cjn^ecTBHTeJiBHEia: a^-ju^vo- . ( cnoco6H£iBy npiaTHHB), riar. a^« 
(fBJiaAEiBai), npEcnocotiJiaD) — a^-fAsvov (opyAie, napycb); xAu- 
fxevo- (sHaieHHTjaB, npocjiaBJieHBHH), rjiar. xAu-a> (ciumy); ?x- 
fxevo' (fin. /X'juevo- «nonyTflHH, 6j[aronpiaTHB8i!> — qthocht. Btxpa), 
rJiar. hc-vioixai (AOCTaraD^npHxosy). 

"tnan = rpe^. -/mov, ptoe -/uev-^ o^pasyeri opeHuymecTBeHHo 
nomina agentis hbi rjiarojibHHi'B BopHeVy npejcTaBjaeii cjiiAO- 
BBTeibHO osofl^aflie nepBiiqHoe: Ksvd'/xSv (viwu. KevB'fxoiv^ poA. 

KevB'/JiSv'Off <i(I0r0BHllie»)^ Kop. Xfud=xv3'-, cp. nevB-oo (cBpH- 

BBD)^ CI KOTOpHH'b, 6UTb MOXeTl, COCTOHTl Bl CBflSB MT. CU- 

jis («cBoxa)i> — <KTOy qio noKpHBaeTix)), cp. pyccs. nym-amh; 
fiye'ixov' (HueB. i^yefxaoy «BO«AB, npeABOAHTejib»), riar. ^V^o/lmxi 
{=iiyoviJLcti «npeABOAHTejibCTByg)»); rki^'fjia>y (AopiBca. rxd-fjicffv 
« lepnt jihbhB, BecqacTHiiB^), aop. rAot-, cp. rXua>, rA?-fe/ ( npeA- 
DpHBHHan, lepniK)); Scd-iAov- (Hiea. ^alfxm c(;iyxi, cyAb((a]»-* 
CJiyzHTi H oBEaqeBieMX (SoxecTBeBBaro cyn^ecTBa), rjiar. iou» 
(cosHraDi BocnjiaHeflflK)) — on cxoABaro no ^^opai^ h toxa6- 
CTBOBBaro BO SBaqeBiD KopBa npoHcxoAaT'b: caflcsp. d&v-a h ap*- 
dasTp. daiva^ nepaoe bi SBaqeniH <i(($or%i>, BTopoe — «3jioB A;x:b)» 
(aop. div «(5jD[eCT4Tb» — Sccl-oo HMtexi SBaqeaie npaqHSHTCJibBoe); 
Tfos'/xh' (hmoh. TtoifjiT^v <icnacTyxi»), Kop. Td-^^^pa (saoiHniaTb); 
d-re^'/jLov {wen. dri^/xm a({eai rpaaHifB, 6en DpeA*JioB'b»), 
cp. ri^fjLm = rhqixA (aoBeij'b, rpaBHiia), Kop, r€f- = CKp. tat 
(nepexoAETb); idii-iJim (opgBBBoiifl, otfaqaiiflX r4ar. iB» (opa- 



OFftftiKO. 'fM, 'fxecT'. § 74. 231 

BBKai)), iipoin. Bpei. sttob-a; nutno-Tf^ay-iJLOj^ {nm. lecuco^^cty- 
lAW cnocTynaDqiB Hezopomo, KOBapHOx>), riar. it^drrm (-(rtroo 
<cx<iiaD]»); ay^e-fAov (ozothhb'e), on oiyqioo (iobjiDi ozo^ycb); 
€t^'lxov^ (hh6h. sl^nfmv «8HaDqiBy odhthhSb), Kop. p/J"-, nponi. 
Bpei. poXJci (shbd), csp. vMa (wb *va%da^ cp. fotcb. vaSi 
«8HaD»); arUiJLOiv (Hepo^BniiS^ flenioxoBOCHBB)^ riar. rkr(» (pox- 
Aai>9 npoHdfiosy), hsi Vz-r^x-o?, sop. r^-, cp« ($yA. Bp. ri^(o 
(re%'<roi>); ixcc/I^'ijlcov (BOHHeTBeHDnll)i riar. ixdxo'/jicu (cpasancBi 
bodd); crn^ixov (HHen. anffju^y aocHOBBi HaBHBaHiei!>), sop. (rtoL' 
(cToan), esp. sthd; OBOHvaHie -juiv; ^fiy-fjiiv' (HieH. ^nyfc/v 
cyreci, BpyToB lopcaoB (Seperi»), Eop. ^ay-, cp. ^ny^w- ijl$ 
(loaao, paspHBaD). 

Ki npocTOMy -^cot npHMBsaeT's OKOHqanie •iMt-; ynoTpetfjiflo- 
■06 Becbia qacTO h o6pa3yi)n][ee nep'bxKo ciobb OTBJO^eeHafl: 
dydK'iAar' (hhoh. dycO^a cCTaryfl, B80($paseHi6»), nar. dycbsr 
h» (yapamai)), isi ^dycOsrjoo; eH-fxar* (meH. elTfe^t «oxesxa| 
DiaTbOA, poA. ei'fjtut'OffJf H8i ^^etr^iJLur^^ nar. ?y-vu-)Mi (oxtoai))| 
Bop. h'=^Feff ( TBB'B-EUiB'B h'W'fju DpoHSomJio I3'& Fsff-yv-fju^f cp. 
JBT. i;e8- Bi t^ea-ti- (oAesAa), cap, vas (OAi(BaT&Cii); sfo^ni- 
fjLccr- (hhoh. i^anyjiJLx «Bonpoci)!>)y nar. i^oncM (cnpainflBai)); 
aJccy-ixxr (hmoh. ouay\M ccTeeaHie, CKop($b»), sop. o^toy-i rur. 
oCioi^do (BosAHxax), Bouo) := *aelae7-y(v; M^'fjLccT' (soiecHiiia, 
Bos^X ^^V* cc^=^^V' ^^^ (batb, ABBraTbCfl); xocJ-fcc^r- (hibh. 
Kccvfjioc, poA* Kocvfjixroff <i(sapa, 3HoB}!>), KOp. xetu- xce/ : xeclot 
(xry); ecfjicc^rfi''iJi»r'' (dcfxcc^rtiiJLcc « norpftoiHOCTB, omH($sa»)| nar. 
dfM^rccvM (rp'bmy); ^ev-fjLocT' (hhoh. ^evfjtcc cTeqeeie, tokx}»)| 
sop. ^, cp. ^ioo (Tesy), npoBcmeAinee hsi V^f-oi, caHcap. ^m 
(Te«ib); Bfi-'fjLxr- (hmoh. i37/ix<» «niarB, xoa^^)) iSo^/yof (HAy)9 
Bop. (i»-, cap. ^(S (nepezoA'B ^ bi /3 o6'b£cHaeTca nocpoA- 
CTBOii gUf B8i BOToparo jT BHoaAaeTL); ri^-ixctr- (npeAtn, 
rpafliita), Bop. req^ : r€*rq»l-v<» (npocBopiBBai)^ npoaepTHBai) ) 
esp. tar (aepezoAHu); ithda-'iiur' (cjiftnoBi, npeACTaBJiefliOi 



282 oyftftiscB ma. § 74. 

» 

HCKyecTBeRHOCTB), rjiar. 7tXci<T<T» — 7f?<eirroo (jiinjii), o<$pa3yx), 
A^Jiaio); fJiiX'fjLocT' (HHen. h^ixfxoi anojyqeflie, Aapii>) hsi *Aifi8- 
lJiocr'j'==*lalh'mat'y Kop, AociS — cp. ^^ixB'ccv-a) (nojij^a©), npoCT. 
aop. B-'Kxd-ov; ^^cC'fjLcLT' (AtffcTBie, ApaMa), rJKir. ^^d-oo (a*I- 
CTByH),'Atjaio), Kop. i^oc-; 'TTeltr " [xxr- (HHen. Tfelo'iJtct «j(OBt- 
pcHHacTB, ydtxAeHiex)), Kop. 9j«S'-=7ri&-, cp. ^e/.&<» (y(5txAai>, 
yroBapEBai)); ^kq-fxcbT' (BHee. <If^)u« ccaoxa, msypax)), riar. 
^^/f» (A^py); c^y-o/y-/Li«r- (BMen. «y-o/y-jua aoTBepciie, AB€pK»), 
rjiar. dvolyvvfjit (oTBopaD); d^ioo - fjutV' (HJieH. d^la>fxcc «aocto- 
BHeiBOy Tpe6oBaflie, asciojiax)), r.iar. d^iooj (yAOCTOBBai)^ c^b- 
TaH) aoctoHbhmi); ^i-Tthd-fjiocr- (hmcb. Sh^fjioc — co6ctb. «TOy 
^TO cjioseHO BABoe, yKasiy abujiomix)), rjar. J/7rAo(u (yiBoai)); 
Bi-fjLocT' (bhch. di/40^ anoiioseBBoe, no^oxeHie, ocBoaa^X i*'^^* 
rl-B^i'/JLt (s^aAyi CTaBJD), cxp. (2M; dix-fjcoct' (Hsen. afc/xo^ 
«cBfl3By ysejiT^, noflc^DX nar. utt-T'co (coeABHflD, CBfl8HBa»); 
nofjL'fjLur' {wSi. KofjLfjLo, ccyAap'B, oTAiJii*, sanaiaa), hsi *xc^-)u«r-, 
war. KOTt'-r-to (yAap«»» tfi>»); O'vo-fxar^ (iiMeH. c-vo/Leot <cBHa»)| 
Bop. ^;^a-, cp. yi-ym-moo (y3Ba©, ycMaTpHBai)), yycofxti {n^ 
Bie) — g nepeA'B n BHaaio, h o npncraBireiio cnepeAH aopaa; 
ofx-fxar- (HHeH. cfjifxcc <crJia3i»), h31 ^otT'/jlccT'^ Kop, o^-, cp. 

oV-f ('o\|^), pOA. 05r-oV («B30pX, TJLd»'bJ> — OTt- npHMHBaeTi £*& 

nepBOBaqajBHOMy ak-^ cp. AP«*((oJir. ok-o, Jiar. oc-mZo-, cap. aA;-^^, 
oypoixoci (yBHasy), ({yA. Bp. OTi c^^, aop. CTp. saji. oo<p^dtiv; 
cp. H o(P'Boc\'/xoff (riiasi); urn-fjiocr' (fmch. xttiijioc «npio(!pt- 
Tenie)»)9 rjar. Kruofxcct (npio6p4bTaH)X Kop. xros-; y^d/x - fxccv 
(HHen. yqccfjijAx <cHanBcaflHoe, 0yKfia») nzit^yfocCp^/xocT'^ssgrabh* 
OTi y^dcP'co (namy); gx-^oj-^otT- (bmoh. eK-Ttco-fxcc aaytfoaB, 
^aina»)| sop. Tfoo—pd^ cap. p^ (nsTB) a np» 

§ 75. Bi jraTHBcaoai asssi OKOBqaaia, coAepsamia rydiyo 
in, oco6eHBO ecjia oaa npeACxaBjaDTi bhai cjioshhS, arpaDn 
BecBia Basayi) pojB, ofipasya aaosecTBo cjiobi, no npeaayjiie- 
CTBy nepBHqBHXi. 



Gy4^«HR0*B -ma Bi JiiT. JI8. § 75. 233 

npocToe OKOH^anie '^fno ( nepBOHaqa^BHoe -ma) Bcrpi^iaeTCfl 
p^ABO : fu-mo' (HMeH. fumus «*»»»), cap. dhu-ma^ rpeqecB, 
bv-fAog (^vjA9s — eHMiaMi, tmhhi); M-wo- (km. Umus ccTHsa^ 
hji^d), Kop. Zi, cp. raar. li-nere^ aocthp. flasjon. li-tum (ma- 
aaiB, oa^KaiB, naTHaib); an-i-'mO'' (masc. «Ayxi»), sop. an-, 
cp. rpeq. oivefxoff (BtTopi); for -ma (bhat., ^op^a), Kop. /er- 
=n0pBOflaq. dhar (AepaaTs) IIIjieBxepx (Compend. 410) cm- 
qaerbci caHCsp. dAar-i-waw/coZ-a-mo- (hm. caZamMs <«TpocTB»), 
Kop. cal DpnuEiKaeT'B Bi caHCsp. jkar (bb sHaqeniii «(}pocaTb| 
pa3eHnaTB»); fir-mo- (nsieH. fir-mm «Ep4niiiB, T.BepAHfix») no 
BopHH) (fer—dhir) cdJiHaaeica ci for-ma. B% op-t-mo" (n;io- 
AOHOChhB, SKpHuii)^ -imo- flBjJieTCA esoHqaBieas'B BTOpocienen- 
BBxi, TasB-Ba&'B CJIOBO npoHcxoAHTi OX'S cymecTB. op'^ cp. op-es 
((KcpeACTBa, tforaTCTBox)); cp. h ^a^r-lwo- (Hii'bH)qiB oTi^a b'b 
xHBSXi), OTB jpa^er (otoai); matr-imo" (HulnniiB naTB bshb^) 
OTi mater. 

O&OB^aaio -men (bi HHoniiTejiBHOMi, -min- bi poaht. na- 
Aesi), cooTBiTCTByK)in[ee nepBOHa^iajiBnoHy -man^j otfpasyerB no- 
qn BcerAa cjOBa oepBirtHHa^ lesAy hbmh Bop-bABo noBBTifl ot- 
BJeqeHHHfl: ag-min^ (BxeB. ag-men aToina, ctbb, c6ofiRmfir>), 
war. ag-ere (rHaib, ABuraTb); ex-d-men (poB, Toana, HCnHra- 
Bie), B3ib *ex*ag-men (9tjihi otfincnireTCfl h AOJrroTa B'b a), 
rjiar. ex-ig-ere (BHtOBATb, noB'bpBTB^ BsticKBBaTB); car-men 
(cTHXDTBopeBie), Kop. car (ctfjiBmeHie c% cnp. A:ar-man <xa4-^o>!^ — 
coiHiiejiBBo); crt-men (npecTynjieflie^ otfBBBeiae) Kop. ere- cp. 
riar. cernere (apocbaaTB, paajiBqaTb, ycuaTpBBaTB), npoin. BpeH. 
cre-vi (tti Tomy-ae warojy CJitAy^TB oTBecM cri-hro ntr. <cp4- 
meTO»); $i-men (ciMfl), nepuoaaq. Kop. sa- (ciaTB), cp. roTCK. 
sai-an^ f,f.-6oAv. ctmn «— bb jbt. asHKt bi aacT. Bpeu. npH- 
BHiaoTB emfi r: se-r-o (dx)^ casxaH)), KOTopoe, oabbko, bb Apy- 
riX!!B BpeM6flax^ bo BcerAa yAepsiaaeTCH, cp. nponr. Bpei. se-vi^ 
Aocrar. Hau. $a-tum (ai caBcapBtft noA<K$Haro EopHx ho co- 



234 oyftAVRoi ma. § 75. 

xpaHHJiocB); no-men (nvfl), nm *gn6-men, Tasi-saiCB sopen 
-gnd; aio bbabo H31 cioshux'b eo-gnS-men^ a-gnd-men (opa- 
SBame); fid-men (loieiji), hsi */W?^-wcn, ep. fulg-ur^ Kop. 
flug = *bhrag^ cEp. 6Ard^ (tfjecTtib, cinTb); certoii>e» (co- 
CTflsaflie, 6opi>($a), cerfo ((Sopiocb, cpasancb); flu-men (pisa), 
Kop. /7tt (flu-ere «Te%»)=jpZ««, CBp. ^t* (n.iaBaTB, xeqi); 
lumen (cBirb, tfjecEi), bm. ^luc-men, Eop. 2eec = n^A;, csp. 
rwc (6.iecTtTh); stra-men (noACTHJiKa, cojiona), war. sternere 
(paacTHjiaTb); caeld-men (pt3b({a, ^esaHsaX riar. cad-are (bh- 
p'b3Ei!aTB, qeKaH;:Tb); juva-men (noMoniB), rjiar. juvare (noMO- 
raib), nepBOHaq. Kop, ju; fid-men (jiyHOBeme, Bftiepi), on 
r-iar. fla-re (lyxb), cp. in-fla-re (ejiyBaTb); cul-men (BepmeHa, 
synojn, spuma), no sceB BipoflTHOCTH h3% *cai'menj sop. ca{ 
(noAiiBMaTbCfl), cp. ex'cell-ere (nosBHiiiaTB, npeBocxoAHTb), sop. 

Cd, SaRl BBXHO HSl 607-062-5^^ (R03BfiimeHHH9, UpeBOCXOAHElt), 

KOTopoe cTOHTi BH. *ex'cel-tus; sopeeb kal BCTpt^aercfl Taase 
Bi JiBTOBCKOM'B jiSHK'i: Jcel-iu (noABHMaK)), neonpex. kd-tiy cp. 
jiaTQHCK. caZ2t$ (Tpona, He(ioJibmnji Aopora) v jibtobcr. kd-ys 
(^M-fe «Aopora»— iSlcWeicAer, Litau. Grammat. 280); cava-men 
(aen^ep?, BnajiHHa)^ rJiar. cavare (^oji^En, uoxwuuntLTh); horta- 
men (oAo6peuie, noompeaie), oti hortari (otfoApATb, noooipiiTb); 
leni-men (oaiarqenie, jxHrnoHie), rJiar. lentre (cMariarb, '^ciio- 
KaHBaxb); teg-m^en (noBpHBajro, nospBmKa), oti teg-ere (nospH- 
Ban), cp. AP^Bee-HtM. dach-jan^ cp. BtH. deck-en^ BopACS. 
thek-ja; Kpoui tegmen BCTptqaioTca xasse 4^opM£i: tegt-men e 
Ugurmen; vt-men (oTpocTOKi hbs, rB^EiB npyx^b), rjiar. viere 
(BflsaTb, njecTb); volu-men (cbhtobi, hsfh^'b, toil), rjiar. voiv- 
ere (sarBTB, spysHTb); regi-men (yapaBJieaie, saqajibCTBo), rjiar. 
reg-ere (ynpaBUTB^ iiapcxBOBaTb); nu-men (sHBaHie, Beiftaie, 
((osecxBo), sop. nu' (sHsaxb), ynoxpe($jiii6MH8 jhaib b!b co6ah- 
Heflis CI npoAJioraHH: an^nuere (sHBaxb) m ^ad-nu-; sta-men 
(ociOBa, THUHsa), Bop« sta (cioflTb); o-men (opeASflaieiOBaHie^ 



oy««iKO, -men-f -mmto. % 75. 285 

npexcusaHie) oti BeisBltcTHBro sopHJi. B^ ser-mSn- (iiveH. 
aermo cpasroBopi, (SeciAaA)^ on ser-ere (cBflSBBan, cooah- 
BJin) BM^CTO -men osasHBaeTCH osoHqaHieHi -mon. BTopocre- 
neHHoe osoHqaBie npeAcraBiaeTi -men bi medicd-men (apa- 
w(!Hoe cpeACTBOy JitKapcTBo), on medico- (HxeR. medictis «Jit- 
Kapi»»), Kop. med- cp. med-iri (.itiHTb, noc (^jhtb). 

Cf$4^HKci -men-tO' (bi iDieiiKT. -mentum^, pncmnpeRBafl 
4»opia BpejimecTBynmarOy BCipi^aeTcii bi cjounxi nep nqsaro 
o<{pa30Baiiiii; nocjiiAH^a RopeHHaa coMarBaa nept^ii^ Bunaa.i^eT% 
BopeA'b -m: ar^ri^-men-^o- (ntr. acoAepaanie, jioKaaa'ciiCTBr^, 
DpRBHaR'B))), r.iar. arguere (jTBepsjian, ;i0Ka8HBaTb); e-moZti- 
iftefi-to- (co(icTB. <xBpBxojii», 8a-Tt»i Bi nepeHOCflou'b c»ucjt 
«BHroAa, nojiBsai)), on e-molere (pasHajUBaTB), cp. h emoli- 
men-tO' (tpvaboctb, ipyix), on e-mdl-tri (BUABHiaTB, aokbh- 

■ 

^HBan); cond-i'men-to- (openpaBfl), rjiir. candt-re (lapBTB, 
eoJiHTBi npHroTOBJiaTb Bnposi); tegu-men-to* (nospHoisa), on 
teg^ere (aoBpHBaTb); blandi-mento' (jiacaaTejibCTBo, jiecn), on 
Uandire (jiacsaTBCfl, JKBCTHn); vesti-meH'to^ (ojesAa), on 
vesti-re (oA^aaTb), Kop. vas (rasi - KaRi vestire otipaaoBaBO 
flsi ejo^ecTBHTejiBHaro ves-ti-)^ cap. vas; seg-men-to- (oTptsoR'B, 
wcTb), BM. *8eC'men'tO' Tasi-aasi riar. BopeaB: sec-^ see-are 
(pisan, ct^b), cp. Ap.-^ojir. c&ui-th, ciik-;k; fru-men-tO' 
(zjittf'b HeiojiOTuH), Kop. fru-f cp. fru'i (;noTpe({jiiiTB, aacxa* 
SAaTbca), Ki TOiy-ze Ropni) npauHaaDn n frw-tu- (qjoai), 
18% frug-tu^j fi frug-es; de'tri-fnen'tO" (noTep^, ytfnTOB'b), 
on de-ter-ere (o6THpaTK, cTapaxb); aug^men-to- (yHBozeflie, 
npepanieBieX on aug-ere (yeeJiHUBaTb); monti-mefi-to- (oaMBT- 
HHKi, MOFBjia), H3i *moni'j rjiar. mon-ere (npHBOiBHatB, aaAO- 
yuBBan); docu-men-to^ (yqeaie, npaiipi, o((pa3ei^i>)y rjiar. 
docere (aacTaBJiflTb); ele-men-to- (cTHxiir, ocbobheui Baqaia), 
OTBOCHTCiii BOCbMa BtpoflTBO, vb TMT. (U^ere (nHTan); ar-meti- 
to^ (caoni CTaAo) En Vi-, riar. or-ore (naxaiBi opan). 



23^6 07ft»BR<;'B -ma. % 75. 

IIpQMtpii CJiOBiy Bi KOTopnxi nepe^'B oKOHiiaHieHi 'men-to 
fiHaaAaoTi nocJ^A^Hfl KopeHHaa corjacHSfl: Id-mm-to- (cpe^CTBO 
fjLH MHTbH, pOTi MHJia), 1181 *lov- == 7az;a-we»-fo-, rjiar. iai;- 
are (mhtb); fer-men-to- (saKBacKa, yAotfpeflie), hs'b ^fervj war, 
ferv-ere (KHntib); Ifor-wen-fo- (aerarejibHoe opy/Je, nyqenie), 
H3*b *<org-, rjiar. torquere (Bopo^aTB, kphbhtb, HyqHTb); sar- 
men-to- (cyqoK'b, b4tbI)) oti sarp-ere =^ serp-ere (npeciH- 
EaTbcfl, Hesan'bTHo pacnpoCTpaHflTBCfi), CKp. sarp; ju-mento* 
(cKOTX pjitfoqiff, *HJiH BBro^HfiB), HS'b *iwt7-, war. jung-ere 
(sanpflrHBBTB, coeAfltiaTB), CKp. jug (oTTyAajM^-ai» = Ap.-f>oar. 
Hro, Jiax. jugum); rd-men-to- (cTpyatKH, ohhjkrX ^^si ^adi-^ 
rjrar. rad-ere (CKo6jieTB, CKpeaTif); fo-men-to- (npHnapsa, cpoj- 
CTBO K^ o(JjierqBHi»), hSi ^fom-men'to-^ war. fov-ire (earpi- 
BBTB, corptBaTB DpEnapEOD nowepsHBan); wo-^wen-to- (Btci, 
BaaHOctB, MriioBeflic), Ha-B *fnovi-men'to-, rjiar. wowre (abh- 
raiB). IIocjitAHflJi BopeBBaa corjacHaa BHuajra tfes'b coxHtHiii h 
B'B Id-men-tO' (oiiaq'by EpBsi sajio^fluS), soTopoe cospan^eHO 
H3i lap-men-to-f KaKX hosuo BasjiDqaTB Ha ocROBaBin caecsp. 
BopHii lap (roBopiTB, saioBaiBciff) — jl^lt. lamentari npe^cra* 
BJiaen jiubib cjobo npoBSBOABoe otl yuoHanyTaro cyniecTBHTejiB- 

Baro. 

Apyroif pacmepeEHBl cy^^BBCB, BOTopaB oanoB&BaeTCii aa 
-man^ 6ctb -mon-iO'^ otSpasyDB^iB cyn^ecTBiiiTeJiBBBfl cpe^BHro 
pOAa, vh Ba^ecTBt OKOHqaaia npeHuymecTBeHHO BTopHqaaro; 
-mon-^O' (bmoh, -^on-ium) cooTBtTCTByeT'B. nepBOHaq. -man-ja. 
npHHipH: pairi-mvn-io- (HMeH. patrimoniun^ « HacjitACToeH- 
Boe Hu;niecTBo»), ot-b pater (orei^i); matri-mon-iO' (c(8aHyze<- 
CTBO9 ($paui>i> co(ictB. acocTOAHie uarepHX)), oti mater (naTB); 
testi-m^n-io' (csBA^TejiBCTBo), ot^ testis (coHA^Teji^); vadi^ 
mon-io' (aBEa ki cyAy, cposi))! otb vadi*- (hhoh. vad <cnopy- 
Ba»); tfiBti'tnoH'^io* (iieqajB, cEop6B), on tristis (neqajBHsfl); 
Bi gaudi-mon^*- («paAOCTBi> Fetfon* Arbii) rpyAflo pftUHTB, 



0790 HKc. -moniOi -mana. § 75. 237 

npoHcxoAHTi Jin cjtobo npfliio on gcmdere (paAOBHTBCir), HJifr, 
9T0 BtpoflTH^e — no aeajioiii! npeAniecTByioaiaro npHMtpa, ox's 
cyiDiecTB. gaudium; B^ nepBOMi cjij^at cy(I)(jHKCi -mon-io'' OKa- 
sajicii 6u iiepBiiquEifl'B. 

EcJH -mofi'io npncoeAHB^eTCA ki CJI^ecTBETeJIBHHll^ 7eiT- 
fsaro po^a (bi ^^opMt -moma^, to obo ansneiQSi OKOBqaaieMi 
nepBiiqiiaio o6pa30B&i:i;i, upBCTaujifleTCJi cJtAOBaTOJiBHO ki rja- 
rouBHxi KopHflMi>: parsi'tnon-ia (depeaRJiBBOCTi)), opoRcmeAniee 
HS'B parci-moniaj oti parc-ere (CepeqL, ma^HTB); qmri-mon-ia 
(zajiofia, cKopCfc), rjar. g«?ri (atajioBaTbca, CKopCtn); caeri- 
mon-ia (=cere'monia «CBaT0CTb, BaCoacHOcn, o({paA*»), on 
jTpaqeHHaro KopHii (cCijiHseBie ci cern-ere HeBipoBTHo). 

HacTOflu^HXi npHqacii'd na nnana, cooTE'bTCTByioiiiiHxi Bume- 
npuBeAeHHEiM'B rpeqecKBMi h caBCRpnTCEHu^, b'b JiaTBHCKH'b 
hzuyA He yAepsaioci; ace se cAt^u, TasBxi 6HBmHxi npesA^ 

B'B ynOTpe6jIOHia ^^Op^ll COXpaBBJBCB bo BTOpOM^B Ml^ UHOS. 

qncJia cTpa^aTeJiBHaro aajiora, OEaHqnBaromarocfl Ba -mini, eo- 
Topoe co6cTBeHuo ho bboo qTOy EaKi hhoz. qHCiio OEOBqaHin 
-mana (cb 0CJia6j[ebieMi a b'b i: 'tnino-, khoz. ^bcj. -mini); 
noTOHy BTopoe jihiio uHoxecTBeBHarOy cotfcTBOHHo roBopjr, Be 
o()03BaqaeTCfl ocodeHBUu'B ajib sero npnaHaKOMi jiaqnaro xtcTO- 

HMOBiB (EaEl Hanp. BI eABBCTBeHBOHl), TA'b BTOpOe JIBIIO OSBa- 

iiaetcA EOBeqBBiM^ -s='8i, TpoTBO BOHeqBHM'B -t Hai -tinL np.). 
OqeBBA^o, qTO Tasu $opu£i aa -mini mofjih 6h cJiyxHTL 
paBHoatpBo H BupazeuioM'B Bepaaro bxh rperBflro JiBiia hbo- 
zecTBeBBaro; bo iiauE'B ocTaBOBHJicB wh HSBftciHuB em% nepi- 
OAi* CBOero paaBRiiA tojibeo Ba BTopomi. npHHipii: vide-mini 
(m BHABMB, Bac^ BHA^Ti) B81 nepBOHaq. *vid'a*niana' (bjh 
*vid'ja'); regi-mini (bh ynpaBJiJieMH) wyi ^ag-a-fnana-, Kop. 
rag, CKp. rd^; veh-i-mini (bh BosHTecB) b3^ *vah'a'fnana'^ 
sop. vdh (cp. caHcsp. vaJumdnds); roga-hd-mini (bh 6e]jh 
jioiaeiH— 2 JiHi^ MHOS. necoBepm. npom. BpevO; roga-rS-mini 



238 oyoftHKCB -fna. §§ 76--76. 

(cocjaraT. Hasji.); auge-U-mini (<ibh ({yxeie yiHOseHHi^ — ($jx« 
BpeH. on aug-ere); auge-d-mini (cocjiaraT* HacTonmaro) h op. 

EcTB Taase H'bKOTopHfl cyn^ecTBHTejibeHH, bi ROTopun oKaasBa- 
eiCH T0-S6 caMoe osoHqaHie: ter-mino- (mase. cnpeAtJii^ rpaeH- 
iia)D) cooTBtTCTByeii no sopon rpeq. rs^-fjiecr-f Kop. tar; aHu" 
mno- (<xBOcniiTaHHBR'B, nHT0]i6i(i», co6ctb. «0TsapMJiiBaeH£il»; 
OTHomoHie CTpaAaxejiBBaro npHqacTiii Bxich npoaBiaeTCfl BOCBia 
ACHo), OTi dlere (niTan^ BopH&n); aeru-mna (HecwcTie, ($t- 
Aa, ypoHi) — TeMHaro npoHCXOXAoaifl; colu-mna (ctoi6i»), on 
^cdl-ere^ cp. ex-cdl-ere (BOSBHrnaw); aw-tu-mno- (oceHb), on 
aug-ere (yMHosaTb, ceafisaTB, otSoramaTb)^ cb npHCTaBsoB noaa- 
ro cy$41»HKca -tu; f^-mina (seHniHHa), oti TOMzaro no npoHc* 
xosA^HiiD KopHir, KOTopHB B'bpoJiTHo npaiHKaen b% fu- (b% 
fu'ij fu'turo'^ cp. E fi'eri)f cKp. 6M, rpeq. <pu-j Blielxep'b 
(Gompend. 416) npnBOAanH da-mno- (ntr. ayn^eptf^^ DOTepji»), 
Kop. da; Bonnie (Vergl. Gramm. III. 164) — Ferf-tt-mno- (ai- 
pypcKoe 6o3secTBO opHpoAUi BpeMOHi roAa, bioaobi h np.), 
Kop. vert'. 

§ 76. OKOHqauie -man B'b roTCBox'b si^uk^: na-man- (emoh. 
namo Btr. «hm)i»), Eop. ^na-; hliu-man- (iiueH. Jdiuma mase. 
«ciyxi»), Kop. ftrw, cKp. gru; ah-man- (meu. ah-ma mase. 
«AJ3Li»), B0|}« ah. OiOaqauie ^ma aiiineTca bi» fru-ma (mass. 
EMeu. /*mms ociaqaji'))), KOp. pra (bi aeaqeHiE cxanepeA^y cae- 
peaH»). JI^.iA ('KiEMUHiH -mana h cjioxiisx'b ci HEX'b cjiobi He- 
jib3B upHue. TB npEulpoHi; Bi canoE'b BSUBt TaKoe OBOHqaiiie, eciH 
Boo^^ii^e OHO cymecTBOHaJio (qro, BnpoqeE^, no aeaJioriE cpoAnQxi 
aisHKOBii, OKaauBaoTCii aecbMa BtpoATHHxi), ho ocTaaEJio BHsa- 
KBXi cj'bAOi'b. GyuiecTB. lauh-moni (uju lauh-mun-i fem. «xoi- 
Hifl}» — TOMB lauh-mdn-jo-^ Yi(i^.luh=ruk <c({jieGT'bTb», cp.Ziu&- 
o^A ntr. «cBtTi»)^ KOTopoe Bonnb (Yergl. Gramm. IIL 164, 
§ 793, b) oTHocEn cdab, no cy^^HScy csopie npEEHaaen si 
JUT. cJOBan na -monAck. 



cirftftHKoi --ma. § 77. 239 

§ 77. Bfb jmpBCROHi azufA cyji^^Bsci -ma n qacTOii y- 
BOTpetfjieHiVi oco($eHHO ujvb OBOH^aHie BTopocreneHHoe; wcto 

OH'b JIBJUeTCX Bl CJIOZHOHl BHA'b, TaSl-RaKl Bl HOHy HOpiAKO 

opBCoeAnHfleTCH -i, HHorAa h $ (nepoAi* m): tui-nUi (rope), sop. 
tujs, cp. pyccB. mym-umh (BitcTo m ynoTpetfjijieTCfl h 6: ftiief- 
bi^j cp. ^emcB. jt«i-&a=to2i%-a <(TOCKa»); sar-mit (Hnel, aa- 
naxi), Kop. 8ar (^HncbpuM'b), cp. npBxar. ^ir-ma-8 (ctpaB); 
vai-mH (noBOSsa, Besenie); rjar. vh^^-ti («Be8TH», AP«-((ojir. sec- 
TH^ B6;-x, jiaT. veh'). IIpHCTaBBa -s nepeix -ma santqaeTCii 
nocjift ropTaHHHX'B, oKaH^BBaDU^Hxi BopeBB: vdlk-s-ma' (yjiOBi), 
rjiar. vUk-ti (BOio^ib, TamHTb), Rop. vdlk-y rpeq. PAk-», Ap.- 
6oiv. EAtm-iHy ba%k-;k; dzaug-s-wa- (paAOCTb), rjrar. dzaug- 
ti'S (<KpaAOBaTbCfl»; BonetiHoe -s^ BM'ba BOSBpaTBoe BHa^eHie, 
paBBBOTCfl AP**($OJ!r. CJi), BO p. dzug; rih-s-ma- (spHBi), rjiar. 
r6h't% (Rpaqau), Bop. rek (Ill^efixepi— Lit. Gramm. 129 — 
epaBBBBaeii rpeq. X^k-fTv <xRpHqaTBj rpoHBO roBopiiTi>», ut. 

OBOBqaaie -m-j-a DepexoAHn bi nieHHTejiBHOH'B naAOS*! b'b 
-me: dratis-mi (fern, ^sanpen^efliey yrposax)), rjiar. draus-ti 
(yrpoxaTb, saAepsHBarb), h3*b ^draud-ti^ Bop. drtid (spoHib 
draus-m^ ynorpetiJiAeTCfl b (Jrau^er-m^y cp. Nessdmann^ WOrterb. 
168); gel-mja bmoh. gd-m6 (rjiydBBa), Kop. gal (bi sflaqeeia 
«naAaTbx>)y cp. gil-us («rJiy6oiiiB»— JTes^rftnawn, Wtb. 254 — 
•gillusy>); hai-wja (bh6b, &am^ ccipaxi, yxaci^X ^^P* ^^ 
CBp. lihi ((JoaibCJi), cp. rjiar. U-jd-ti (b31 *W-o^i «6oaTbCJi»); 
ver-s-mja (hhob. t;er8m^ «iCToqBHKi»), rjar. t;ir-fi (aapBTb), 
Bop. var^ cp. qefflCB. j}ra-men hlzi ^vra-men ^ o(Spa30BaBBoe oTtb 
Toro-se BopfliTy paBBO Baai vir (nyquea, BOAOBopoTi). 

OsoHqaBie 'ima- {wh HMOHHTeJibHOHi '•vmas)^ rbri nepasq- 
hh8 c;$$flR6i, otSpasyen hhozoctbo OTB.ieqeoHHXi noaaiiM on 
MarojibHuxi RopaeB, HBorAa i cjiOBa ROBRpoTBua h BTopocre- 
noHHHJ: ke%h'\fM'S (npoBurie), Bop. keik—Mk^ cp. k6%k'm 



240 oy«9HSG^ -ma. § 77. 

(rjiuhj, npooFTHai)), cp, rpeq. kxk-O' (BexoporaiS, AjpHoff); sti- 
rinJc'lma- (cDdpaHie), 5w=CKp. sam (jet. cwm^ « Eop, rinS: 
5M-rinA;-rt («coCHpaTB»— HaCT. Bp. su-renkUf Schleicher^ Lit. 
Gramin. 320); renk-u (co^Hpan) HocouHiuHo coctobti wh cbash 
c^ rawA;-A («pyKa»=«co(jHpaH)maa»)=;^p.-(JoJir. pXK-a, noj&CE. 
reJc-a; vdlg-ymas (iAa), r-iar. vdlg-yti (tcTB). 

OsoH^aiiie -jimas: Uuzny-jima-a (ajiocJioBie, Kjeeeia, ({oroxy- 
jieHie) Kop. Wwe?, HConpoA. 6Zw^-«y-^i {whHlud-ny )^ cp. Ap.- 
(So.ir. eA;f;A'HTH^ nacT. Bp. bas^k^-x; gdtavo-jima^s (npEroTOB- 
jrenie), neonpeA. gdtavoti (roTOBHiB); hegid-jima-s (6irx), rjrar. 
legidti (dtxaib, (^poahtb). EoHRpfiTHUH cjiOBa c^ osoHqaHiexi 
'ima- cyifc nanpHMtpi: pyl-ima- (ffiee. pylimas c(njiOTffHa» 
coOcTB. <!tnanoJinenHoe»), ot% pU-ti (eanojHaTb), ko^. par; pud- 
yma (napeiiHHa, napoBoe nojio), tmv. pud-yti (sacraBJATS THan) 
Kop. pud=put, cp. jar. putere (rHHTh), put-idus (renjioH). 

■ima-j Kai;i> cy^^Biici BTopocTeneamia: jaun-lma- (Tauoii'b 
BspocjioH A^peBOHCKoB mojioaoxh)^ on npiu. jdun-as (moioaoH), 
Ap.-(5ojir. wh-'l; iol-ima' (AaJieitiH), 0T:b Hap. toll (.;aji€Ko), cp. 
rpe^T. r?A^ (BAaiB, aaaoko). CiOBa Ba -uma Toze BTopHmiiui: 
lyg-uma- (sxeH. lygumas <KpaBeBCTB03D), on lygus (paBHHB), 
cp. aBrjo-caKC. Itc^ aHri. like; daug-uma-s (mho£6gtbo), ox'b 
daug (MHoro), cp. noJbCK. duko (Huoro), npBJiar. duz-y (($ojib- 
jBiO% sptoKiH)* hdlt'uma' ((jtiHSHa, 6'bJioe nflToo) oti halt-as 

Gy<I)$HKC'b -97^en cBoBcTBeB'b eexuorBM'b cjiOBam^ EH'bDiiiHiib 
Bi HMeHHTe.ibHOM'b -mw {wb poAHT. -me»s, hsi *-wa»-a5^; 
odpasoBaHHHfl nocpeACTBOH'b ero cjioBa (SsiBaiOT'B MysecEaro po- 
Aa, He BHpasafl Bupo^em ocodeHBHXi RaieropiB: stu-men- (hhoh. 
stu-mu apocTi TtJia»), Kop. sfa- (cxoHTb); aug-men- (eMeii. 
aw^-wS «pocT%, npHpameaie*), Kop. aug-, r-iar. rfw^-fi (pacTB), 
cp. Jiax. aug-men-tum (napaii^eHie) cb noAo6Huiii> OEOBqaHieii'B, 
on aug- (aeonp. aug-ere); m^ cancspiiTa cb diEWb sopnen 



cy**HKo. -wa, -iw. §§ 77 — 78. 241 

cjaqaeTCH cynieeTB. 6gha (sHOsecTBo, leqeaie), ho BtpoATHie 
Bcero AOiiXHo c($ji08HTb, no npeAnoioseBiK) Boh^oh — (rloss. 64 — 
CJIOBO CI e;aA=JiaT. veh-ere; as-men- (hmoh. asmt^ hoshh), 
lop. as J nepBOflaq. ak (6mh ocrpHHi); ak-men- (BHeH« aA;mu 
«KaxeHb»), OT'b Toro-2e RopHH, cp. If. "60:1?. KflMUy po;ii. KA- 
ueii-e; zd-men- (HHoa. ed-mu «vojiOAafl rpasa^), sop. gar^ 
cp. jar, ^er-f»en (aapoAHmi), h gra-men (Tpasa, pacToeie), 
CKp. har Bi har-i (sejieHuB) — jihtobcbJ edl-ies (sojieHEiH); oqe- 
BBAHo npHviiKaen cioAa n Ap«*0ojir. s^eA-eii'L, cymecTB. :|;6a-iii6 
(cp. H Ap.-ntM. grdni^ anrji. green h np.); se-men-s (anoa. 
^Hcjf. OTX ^em^ «cliiii»), jiaT. se-men, sop. sa (cbATB), ap*- 
60.1v. CHL-DTH^ roTCS. sai-un (stoti sopenb ho Bc^pt^aeTCfl bi 
asiScsoI orpacjiH HHAO-eBponeBcsaro nJiexeHE, n cocrasjiHeTi npE- 

BaAJI6SH0CTB, CBOBCTBOHHJK) TOJIBSO HtSOTOpHXl HZUHtkt^ BTOFO BJO^ 

H6Hir, npeoiijiiiecTBeHHO »e roTCSo-jHTOBCSo-cjaBJiHcs.). Gjox- 
HUfl osoHqaHifl osa^HBaDTC^ b'b cJOBaxi, sasi-To: aaldu-mynai 
(cjiacTu)y 0T% scHd'Us (c^aAsiB), caacsp. svddu, lat. suavis 
(h31 *5t;ad-w-t-^; relk-mene (norpetfuocTb), on reik (eysHO, 
BBAo) H np. 

nojiHaro OKOHqasifl, soTopoe (SscooTBiTCTBOBajio caHCsp. -^ana^ 
vb jiHTOBCBOHX xsHst stn; cy(f»$iiKci "dama (bi hhoh. damas, 
BOTopoe o6aKHOBeHHO npoHSHOCHTCfl dams), BHpaxaDn^iB npna* 
CTie BacTOJiuiaro BpesenH A'bBcTBHTejrbHaro saJiora, cocxaBJieffB 
H3i OKOHqamfl -ma h sopn. eIa=CBp. dhd (nocTaBHTb, sjiacTB): 
jeskd^a-ma (Hxen. jeskodams «HmyQiBi>X sop. jesk, AP*-<Sojir. 
HCC-aTH (Ap.-n'bsi. eisc-dnj aorji. to ask). 

OsonqiHifl -na^ -m^ -nu. 

% 78. npH cy^^Hscai'B ci BaqajBHHxi -» h cjiftAynQei) no- 
CJit Hero rxacHoBy aojisho paajH^arB, cMotpa no rjacHoB, koto*- 
pax cjAAjen^ TpH rpynuH: -naf -ni, -nu. IlepBoe osoHqaHie 
pacflpoeipaHeHO ({ojiBme ocTa^BBHii vb HHAO-eBponeBcsoB orpacw, 

16 



242 oy««EKC. -wi, -nif -nu. §§ 78 — 79. 

TaRl-BaKl Bl H'bsOTOpQX'B CeiUXl, 0C0($6HH0 26 Bl CJiaBilHeKOlf^ 

OHO odpaayerB npHqacria npomexmaro BpeseHH crpaAaTOJiBBaro 
sajiora. -ni, Bcipi^aflCB ropasAO ptoe, ^'bui -na, b^ tfojbmHH- 
CTB% ciy^aoBi o($pa3yeT'b oTBJie^eHHfira noHAm; qame Bcero oho 
ynoTpe(Sj[aeTCfl bi cjiaBHHCSHXx h repuaflCBHxi flSHKaxi; -nti bi 
CBOD o^epeAB ynoTpetfjifleTCii secBMa p^abo. IIo OTnpaejieHiD h 
BHaqoHiK) c;$$HBC0Bi -na h -ni ao^sho npiypo^HTB EasAoiy 
E3i HHX'B nesaBHCHMoe Apyr'B ot'b Apyra nojioxenie, xoth bi nep- 
Bona^ajiBHoB ochob^ ohh hofjih nponsoHATH He's gahoS o6mfiVi mwb 
^opMH. -nUf nanpoTHBiy ctfiHsaeTCH HecpaBHOHHO tfojBme cfb -na, 

BCTpi^aOTCfl B'b rpe^eCKOMl H jaTHHCSOH'b HSHSaXl BOCBMa ptAHO, 

H B'B AP*'<^oj[rapcBOMi (no OBOHqaHix) -hIi) coBnaAaeTi cb -na; 
noTOHy ero mosho o($'bHCHHTB npaHo bbi -na ocj[a6.ieHiexi> -a 
b:b 'U (B*bpoBTHO BjinHieii npoAniecTBynniaro hocobofo SByKa; 
vb anaioriH ci diHii hosho yBasaTB h BicaHCspHTi na ocjia- 
($i6Hie BopeHHoro a h'b u BCJ^ACiBie BJiiBHiii opeAmecTByiDuiaro 
HOCOBoro -m: cp. mtmi c(OTniejiBHHKi»», mi^d «paA0BaTBCH» — an 
*man%, mad). 

Bo BCHBOMl CJiy^at TpyAHO npHBOCTH AORasaTOJBCTBO Bl nOJB- 

By caxocTOflTeiBHOCTii BToro cy^^HBca, Tim's (Sojiie, qro octb k 
TaKiii cJLOBa na -^u^ ROTOpHfl np^BO ctfjiHsanTCB ci cjobbmh Ha 
osoHqaBie -na^ cp« cancBp. sA-nu (cuH'b)^ soTopoe mosho 061- 
flCHHTB HO HHaqe, EaEi £31 nepBonaqajiBHaro ^su-na^ fa^ -na 
npeACTaDJiAeTi cy^^HSCB cipaABT. npnqacTifl npomoAniaro Bpe- 
lOHH (^^se^-nasc^posAOHUHfift); tras-nu (6ob3J[hbhB), hsx "^^ros- 
na (HcnyraHHsB), h np. npH -ni dHa^oHie cooTB'&TCTBeHHaxib 
cjOBi BOJiBSfl noABOAHTB BOA'S BaTeropiiD ^HCTHXi npHtfaciiB, xoTa 

eCTB H SAtCB B^KOTOpaa HCBJDqeHifl. 

§ 79. B'B caHcspHTi -na o6pa3yeT'B ^^i EaTeropia ciobi: 
a) cyni,ecTBHTejiBHiia Ed's rj!aroj!BH£ix*B BopneB h HftcBOJbBO npa- 
jiaraTejibBuxi, h b) npuqacTia, Bupo^en^B ae xBoroqHCAeHHHfl. 

a) -na BaBi otfpasoBaTeiBBHB ajieieHn cy^ocTBHTeiBHHXft: 



oy«OHBCi> -na bi eiHCSP. § 79. 243 

var^m (<xi(B'bTT>» — co($ctb. <i(noiipHBax)mee»), Kop. var (nonpH- 
BaTb); jag-nh (xepxBa, ^ecTBOBaiiie, (^jaroroBtHie), Bop. /a^' 
(xepTBOBaTB); s^^-na (sapaiB), vio^.us (rop'bTB), jai. ^r-, cp. 
«r-o (h3^ *ws-o), awr-or-a (yipeHHafl sapa), hbi aus-os-a; Aar- 
iia (c;xo»9Co6cTB. <KTpeii^H!ia»), Kop. A:ar (<cpaHHTBy pa36pocaTB| pac- 
sajiiiBaTB», cp. Benfey, Gloss. 70);ia^na (Tpyx^y ycBJiie), riar. 
jot (cTapaxBca, TpyAHTBCfl); |?raf-na (Bonpocx), sop. prc^ (cnpa- 
iDHBaTB), cp. Jiar. prec-or (Qpomy), Ap.-<$ojir. npoc- ( vh nucjii 
«rogare»); svap-na (cohl), Kop. svap (cnaTB), mt. som-no- 
Wb "sop-nO" (cp. sop-or <i(rJ[y6oKiB cohi, ycnQHTOJiBHHB HaiiH* 
TOK'B»); si-nd (boHcso), aop. si (BflsaxB); tr-m (rpaBa, paere- 
Hie), B^poflTBO 0T^ BopH. tar (npoHaaxB, yEasHBaiB), ^to noA- 
TBepsjiaeicA sfla^eHieMi cooTBiTCTBeHHux^B cjobi asqrobi epojc- 
HHii: Ap.-(5oJir. TpvH*L (lepHi), totcb. thaur-nu-s; ^d-na 
(sBBHie), Bop. ^nd (^hoth); par-na (nepo, jhctii), Bop. par 
(aeHSBicTBaro Bnaqenifl); anajorifl cjiob'b iiasBOBi cpo,iHHx*B ysa- 
SHBaeti Ha Bop. pat (.loitTB), cp. Jiar. pen-na Hai "pat-na^ 
rpeq. Tfre-^G', jp.-HtM^ fed-ara, Ap.-(5oar. ne-po (qeracE. ^jer- 

Ut «BpHJIOl>) — HO, H6 CUOTpa Ha 8T0, npOABOJIOSeHid OCi'BflCHHTB 

CftHCKp. par-ra hsi ^ptar-na jnmeHO ocHOBamfl (ocTaBiflfl Bpo- 
xt Toro Heo6iflCH6nHnu'B oboh?. -r-m); gd-na (ninieX riar. 
gdi (nl^TB). Elsi ocTaBmnxcfl HeHBBtcTUQHH Aocejit BopneB o5pa« 
soBaHH: mt-na (pGi(ia) ji pM-na (ntHa), xp«-((oJir. m-HA (akt. 
spu-ma npHBOAHTi» bi hhcjib o cfijiBxeniR cb cancBp. sph<!^ 
<pacTfl| HaAyBuTBCH »). 

b) -na BaBi OBonqanie npHqacTin npom. BpoMeHH cipaiar. 
sajiora npHCoeAHsaeTCfl BcerAa HenocpeACTBeHHO b'b Bopan (bi 
OTJiH^ie OTi TOXAOCTBeHHaro no sHa^eBiH) cy$(j[)HKca -to, ynoxpe- 
((jiiinfliaro aaorAa coeAHUHTejiBayrorJiarHylo: j?a£-i-to <icynaAHiiB», 
vid'i'ta «y8HaBHBiB», gak-i-taj BpoMi Qak-ta (xHoryntiBi!)). Ilpn* 
Htpa: ftd£-na (xyAon^aBuB, npomeAmlB, yHOHBrneHHafl), r.iar. ksi 
(jHi^TOSflTBy jiy^iHTB); lUr-na (pa3({pocaHHHB), on Jcar; pAr-na 

16* 



244 oy**HEC. -t^flj "^i- § ^"* 

(«HanoiHeBBH8», Ba-itii b* 8Ba«HiH Hactoanaro npHiaraiea*- 
Baro «no«Ha»), Kop. par (aanojiHaTi,). EoHewoe Kopeaioe -d 
ynoAo<JMeTC« cJiiAJBineay -n; an-»»a («ci4AeHHHa», Kaai ej- 
B^ecTBHTejJBuoe cpciB. po» .BHrna.), Kop. ad (*CTB); J*w-»a 
(onewJieBBHB) , war. mid (oropiaw, oneqawBau); chan-na 
(sartHeHnHB, noapHTHB), aop. Xfead^ (saxtBBBaTB, noapHBatb), 
nepBOBaq. skoA (cp. rorca. skad-us o4bb»); 6W»-na (orp*- 
bbhhhB, onlneBBHB), war. cfeW, nepBOuan. sftW, rpe<i.^<rx<«- 
*<rxi^i»; t^sa»»-«a (onewMBBHB , neiaJbBHB), hbi *m8ad-m 
(8 HSMtHeBO Bi 5 BJiiaHieni npeAmecTBynmaro i h d noABcpr- 
BjTO jnoAotf-icHii), npH leii I npeBpatBao cjtsjDmee n ai co- 
pmnyH) aaiaiByio); ^a-san-na (mmoctbbhB, apBHipeaBBB), 
rjiar. i)ra-«a<f. KopeBHoe aoneqaoe -^ nepeAi. w nepexoAHTi v^ 
g: Ihug-na, on hhu§ (crB(5aTt, hcephbmib), wt. /M<)f (rorca. 
hug^Uug, BpHi. ga-lug-ana) ; ud-vig-m (Apoatan^il, acny- 

raBBHB), rjar. ud-vig. 

-na, vb aaqecTBt cy<t4iHBca BTopocteneHBaro ynotpefJiaeTca 
ptAKO, H otfpasjefb B*cK0Jii.BO cymecTBBxeibBHXT. H npa-iara- 
TejiBBHXi: ratU-na (caaCaeBiHl aoiecHHueB), orb raiha (ko- 
JlecBH^a); srng-i-na (porarHB), orb grng-a (pon); han-tia 
(jteiTOBaTuB, aoaoToB «({pa3i), ott, hari (xeaTaB , aewBafi); 
purd-m (cTapaB), oti naptq. jmrd (opexA*); pduns-na (ay- 
atccTBo), orb puns (qciOBtiii, MyxqaBa); Tcati-na (tBepAHB); 
daks-i-na (aobkIB, npaBuB), oti (foftla (cnocofiflnB, aoaitiB). 

Ki -ina opBrsKaeTi BTopocTeBeBBHB cy^HBCi -Jna: M-tm 
((JjiaropoABsB, aai SBaxBaro poAa), oti hula (ceaeflcTBo); nav 
tna (hobhB), oti TOKAeetBeBHaro no SBaqeHia nova (jar. novo-, 
Ap.-(Joar. HOB-i); Jfc(i«j>-lna (genitalia , facinns — cp. 55Wi. & 
i?o<», Skrt. Wtb. II. 462), orb Miwi (aaa, anaAHBa, aoioAesb). 

npiaipH cjioBt Vb OKOBqaflieai -ni: vtA-ni («oroBb»=«BOCH- 
mifi, jBocaniB*), aop. vah (sec-TM, Be?-x); ag-ni (ofohb), aop. 
ag (Bi B6M. d Jtoth, Skr. Wrtb. I. 29 yaasHBaeica na ag. 



CTft^HBc -na, -nil -nu. §§ 79—80. 245 

cHXTB, rKaTB», citA* «oroHii» — AP--(!oir. or-Hb SHamo tfs 
ciioabrshoBd); Ad-ni (noTepfl), oti hd {nownumn^ ocraRjiffn); 
t?r5-m (flf6apaBi»=«onjoAOTBopiri)miB»), orb vara (plueroi fa- 
cere pluere, feeundare) ; prg-ni (paaHOi^B'bTBaR, necrpHR, jiy qi— 
B6M. & Moth, Skr. Wrtb. IV. 866), oti sparg («Tparan, 
AOTporoBaTBC Ji »; cJit^oB. «jiyqi)t>— cAOTporHBaion^iHcflx). CiOBa, 
Kasi: pd-m (pysa), ma-m (Aparoi^iHHuH RaHeaii), vi-ni (soca, 
BeyspameHHue bojiocq) h np. no BceS BtpoaTHOCTH He npejiCTaB- 
jann caMo6EiTHHXi caacBpHTCKHxi cjiobi, a saHucTBOBaHS rsi 
aaiiKOBi xpBBHACKBxiy qeii CBBAtTejbCTByeTi oClHapyiRfrBai)- 
qeecii vb bthxi cjioaaxi aaaqaoe ». Cj^^^^fiaci -ni cboVctbohi 
TOJiBBO cJiOBaii*B DepDHiHaro otfpasoBaHiH. 

OaoHTOBie -nUf paBHo Kasi h ^ni^ osasHBaeTCii BesAt nepaaq- 
uaiL%: sH-nu («ceidi]i>, co((ctb. «posabbbuBx>), rjiar. sA (po- 
san); c2(j-nte (A<'^Dmii), Bop. dd (Aan); JA^-nu (icopoBa), on 
dhi («noBTb»-^Bi npRqHBHTejikHox'B cKHCJit — <icBOTopaA jifier% 
BHTB)»); tras-nu (6oa3.iBBHR), sop. tras (tfonTbcir, Aposan), 
Xp.-(iojir. TpAC-TH CA, pyccK. mpM-mucb, orry^a i nf^^ (no- 
cpeACTBOll^ ycHJieuifl KopeuHoB rjiacnoR Ji Bb y). 

§ 80. Bb ApcBHe«($aiCTp)BcBOxi adUK/b -na ae npeAcraBJiierb, 
paBBO Kasi H CBHCEp. coGTBi^TCTBeBHiiB ey^ij^ai&ci, OKoaqanU npa- 
qaciiii npomeAiuaro BpeMOHH, xora h ecTb HftsoTopua cjiobi, ro- 
Topua 00 aaaqenix) ho hhoo qro, nasi npaqacTiHy aanp. ttls-na 
(aTBxiB, AOBOiibBHB» — Ranp. tUsn-d-maiti f <xcnoBoBHaa MHcab, 
AOBOibCTBOBaaie »), sop. tus^ cap. tus (paAOBaTbca, AOBOJibCTBo- 
BRTbca), OTTyAa eaptqie <2^l-n$-nt (thxOiCmhpho); pere-na (aci- 
bhH), caacap. pAr-na^ aop. par; magh-na (fojhB, aaroB), aai 
*nagh'na, no aoajiopiii cap. nag'tMy roTca. naq-ath-8, AP*-($o.Tr. 
Nflr-Ti; vjdlch-na (cotfapaD^iBcai o($pa3yi)iitifl cotfpaaie), orb *tjac 
(coeAHaRTb), cap. tyac a op. 

npaatpa cyiuecTBaTOJbaaxi ci oaoaqaBieab -na: kare-na (jxo), 
aop. kar (piBaUi CTAtJiflTb), cap. kar-na; qaf-na (<cobi», 



246 cy»«Hso^ -na. § 80. 

HO H «ciiiiii\iRi»)y Rop. qap (b'b qap-to ccnAmiB)»), csp. svap; 
tars-na (saxAa), Rop. tars =* tares ^ cRp. trs-nd; raoJchs^na 
(ocfijiecRi^ — BiBHaqeHm DpHjaraTe^BHaio aGjKCTaTejibHHSx)), Rop. 
ruJsJis (npoACTaBJifliDniiH pacmflpeHHyK) ({)op]iy npocToro rtic, cp. 
raocanh «({jiiecRX»); fras-na (Boupocs), ora war. jparcf (cnpa- 
BiHBaTb), CRp. |?racft (p nepeiMO bi /* BCJiti^cTBie BsinycKa ro- 
peHHoro a, cp. fra-fsu ccHSo^HJiie csoTa», bbi fra-pagu mfsakk 
«i^inB, orobhx), Rop. i^o^A* &ao^-na (qncTOia), &u^ (oTRJiaAB- 
BaTBy wcthtb); gd^-na (HacTaBieHie); rjiar. ^a^aA ( HacTaBJiXTB ), 
csp. (^; (tit-na (cTOJ[($i)y CRp. stM-nd^ Rop. Ap*-($aRTp. ft<t, 

CRp. fifAd (CTOATB) — ROpOHHOe a nOA^KHKJIOCB BA^CB OGiatfjie- 

Bix) B'B t«. IIpHjiaraTejiBBEiH: A;A^a^-na (<!(xyA0u;aBu8» — bi «a- 
A^a^-na» <icnpoqHs8»), Rop. lAsi^ C)if. Jchk-fia ; are-na (cJiaB- 
hhB, noxBaiBHsl), on ar (hath, noqiiTaTB) nnp. SaRi bhaho, 
TaRiflCJioBa, BapasajDn^ia npHJtaraiejibHHfl, cooTBiTCTByDn caiCRp. 
npHqacTiaM'b na -na. 

'fMj RaR% cy^iJ^HRCB BTopocTeneHHHB : agpena ( jiomaAHHHffy ot- 
BOCflDiiBcfl Ri jiomaAflMi), oti a^pa (jomaAB); caecRp. agva^ 
nepc. es&; zraja-na (oafipBHB), on jerre^'d (hhohht. oti era- 
jatih «Mope, 08epo»), cp. Ap.-nepc daraja; i>tQpa-na (coBep- 
moHEHB), on vtgpa (BecB, BCfluiS), CRp. vigva; qai-na (co((* 
CTBOHbHB, xopomiS, OTJoqenB), on qaS- (caMi), B'B cjoxhqxi 
uoMTb : qaS'paithja (co6cTB6HHufi), cancRp. sva^ xp.-^OK. 

CBOH. 

FacmBpeHHHB cy^^j^BRCB -fumh (bi HHeHHT. -n^) otfpasyen cy- 
mecTBHTOJiBHEifl on npocTEix'B RopHoB : qar-e-nanh (hmch. qare- 
no ctfjEecRi, BejH^iei^, tbo pHT. garenanAa^, Rop. gar, CRp. smr^ 
8ur ((^JiecTiTB), s^ar (afijiecRi)}), BOAanq. «coj[Hite»); drao- 
narA ((iin), h% vtrd-drao-nanh (6tacani,iB, roHamiBca sa jidab- 
xb), Rop. dru (6im2Lrh); raeJch-nanh (jiCRpeHHOCTB)) sop. rik; 
raf-nanh (meE. rafend apaAOCTB, Bec6jiie»)| Rop. rap (otfpa- 
AOBaiB), B np. 



oj^ftiKo. -nt, -nu. § 80. 247 

piABO; BOpHHy K^ BOTOpHn OHH DpHCOeAHHfllDTCJI, HHOFAa fiOHS* 

BtcTBH no SHaqeflis), hih Tenaro npoHcxozxeQifl : ^er/^-ni (cy- 
qeptf^, BpoA'B^, Kpoji'b zjd-na)^ sop. ^/d (BpeAHTb), cp. caH- 
CRp. Mni' (noTepn) on Ad (octaBJATB); raohJj&'-ni (apHjiar. 
«CBftTJiaB, iiCHflflft -* Bpoii raoldhs-na «($j[HCTaTeiBHHM»X sop. 
rul^ = ruc (((jiecrbTB); Qdq-e-ni, (ccejiOBo^, ntr., inox. mucs. 
tdq-e-ntX sop. gaq (naciaBJiflTB), coctohtx BtpoflTHO B^ cb<8H 
6% eaHCKp. (aft (6uih b% cocTOflaiff), HiitoiiiHn vh lewb seja- 
TOJiBHaro giks SHa^eHie <KyqHTBCfl» (cp. nepcsACs. such-un <i(cjio- 
Bo»); ras-ni (npaBAa), sop. rag^ areZj OTsyAa 0((pa80BaH0 eree-u 
(MByiitiHcir, npafiaH, hcthhheiH), f^ao-ni (sbphhB, ZHpHOcn), 
Bop. fsu (duTB A'i^flTejBflEiiXy ycnftBaxb, tojict^tb), cp. npiqacT. 
fsu'ta (tojicthB), bi pajd-fsuta («cup!b hb^b mojobb* — cotfciB. 

«ryCT06 MOJOBOX)). 

BTopocTen6RHHHi» OBOH^aHie -ni OBasHBaeTCJi bi mo^li-m (oBe- 
^H), orB moela (oBiia), CBp. mesa (tfapaHi), Bop. mi^ (« hbih- 
BaTBi!>y Bi nepeHOCHOB'B cmhcji^ aonjOAOTBopaxB^). 

O&OHHaiiie -nti: hunu (chd^), csp. ^d-nn, sop. hu (oponsBO- 
ABTB, nparoTOBJiBTB); dai-nu (caiBa y sHBOTHEm), cBp. dhi-^ 
nu (KopoBa); par-e-nu (coBepmeHCTBo) , Bop. par; bares-nu 
(Bucora, BopxymEa), Bop. hares^ npeACTaBjfleTi H3HtoeHHyD $op- 
By OTi iarez = bara (pacTH), cap. bark (oixyAa nponcxoAHT'b 
brh-at c(6ojiBnin8»); jsai-nu (tfoApoB, cnoco(HQl), Bop. ei (($po- 
CBTBi 6eitb poBHOCTHEixi, pBCTH), CBHCsp. M; high'HU (cyxol), 
Bop. hie (cymHTb), cp. jiaTiiHcs. aic-co- i^n *sis-ka; taf-nu 
(sapi, jiHxopaABa)^ sop. tap (se^B, (JjiecTtTB, ciflxb); has-nu 
(rjiy((HHa), Eop. baa (yHBOsaxBy cnocotfcxBOBaxB) , oxxyAa baa^ 
anh (BejiHqHHa, rjiytfuaa, CHJia), CBp. Bop. bank. 

GioBiy BOk Boxopuxi -nu oBasaioCB 6u cy^^HBCOKi Bxopo* 
CTeneHHHn, npHBecra iojibsa. 



248 G7«oflB0^ -m. § 81. 

§ 81. Bi rpeqecKon ifSHst -na nepezoxiiTi bx -y&; HacTO- 
moflX'b npn^acTiS, osaHiiHBanmHxcii na aroTi ey<{)(|»Hsc%, h sjite^ 
BtTi, xoTfl R'bsoTopiifl cJiOBa, npeHiiyii(ecTBeHHO npBjiaraTejbHM, 
no cBOOMy SflaqeBiio eooTB^TCiBfiOTi caflcsp. opHqacTiBMi aa 'ma. 
IIpBHibpii, B'B BOTop&xi -vo- BBJiAOTCB oBOH^aflien nepBBTOaxi»: 
r/jc-yp- (ntr. <icpe(JeBOE'b» = «pomAeHHHH»), Eop. t«c-, cp. r/- 
Kro? (BS-b *ri-T«c-(») «poKAa»» npoH3Bo»y» (TaraMi-me nyteBi 
odpasoBano roTCB. har-n ntr. «pe(SeBOKi», on rjiar. hair-an 
aposAftTb»); (nfs^X'Vo* (bkoh. (rxB^^vog cctfscTpHti, cKopnffx>), 
Mar. (mi^x^ (<croBio» Bi cpeAH. saji. «cntffly», cp. o^Ff%-o- 
f<£vo- «nocntmnH8»); arey-vo" (KpinBiH, ojotbhS), Kop. ere/-, 
cp. ariyoD (oOKpsBaM)) orriy-n (BpHma); Bs^oiitvn (cjryiRaBEai 
SBiBflie), rjiar. Bs^uTFevoD (cjiyasy, iipBCHaTpHBaB)); xX^i-vo- (BMea. 
TcXehvoff' cccJtaBBHB, SBaHeBUTEiBio), rjnr. xAu-a? (cjiamy); ar^f- 
vo- (flM6B. cri^vov «rpyAB»)^ Bop. o'Tf^- (bi BnaqeBiB «($HTb 
Bp'bnRHMrB, nJiOTBauxD), cp. ffteg-eo- (icpftaBiH), riar. are^eov 
(yvptnjiBio); bi aroMy BopHD DpHsaAJiexBTi caBCRp. star (tb- 
Byib, pacTBrHBaib), Jiar. ster-n^ere; cruy-vo- (BeBaBHCTBafl), 
war. arvy-ia (qyBCTByD OTBpameBio), sop. oruy-; re^Tt-yo- (ao- 
CTaBJiHioniiif yAOBOJibCTRie, paAOCTBHif), rjiar. ri^-oo (ycjasAaio, 
yBecejiBM)); BochTr-vo- (RarpiBaon^iBy xapsiB), nar. duXTf-m (co- 
rpiBBK)); nctTi'VO" (Biea. K»7fvos «auiix, oapi»X Bop. xc»^-, 
cp* pyccB. Kon-m-umh^ A9**(!oj[r. Kon^TLNi; uhuTra^-vo (orpa* 
HRqHBaexH8^ cjia6fiiS), nar. ahxnsoi^do (oBycTOBiaiOi paspymaio); 
lAfi-yc- (b81 iheeivo" «AOCToHHHfi C0CTpaAaBia»), TJiar. «AfI(»(co- 
CTpaABD); rof-vo- (bmbb. roq-vos aOKpyrjenie, TOttapnoe aojioto, 
AHptijir^x)), rjiar. nqim ((SypaB-iE), npocaepjiBBaK)), Bop. ter=tar; 
OTb Toro-se sopaa nocpoACTBOB'b Toro-se cy<|^({»BBca otfpa8T)BaBO 
r^a-yo' ( npoHSBTeJibBHB, ocrpHH), war. rfct-w (a re'T^oLl-ya); 
wr-vo- (dmch. vTTyof «cohi»— jibt. som-no-J^ Bop. J^^svop; cty- 
voff (cBBTofi, BenopoqaaB), Bop. »y-=jagy cp. CBp. ja§ (aep- 
TBOBBTb) qecTBOBan); <pe^-y^ (npaAaaoe, AO($Hqa), Bop. <peq{m^ 



oyftoRBGi -na bi rpsv. bz. g 81. 249 

en), ep. h o^yrA^^f -vet (noAapsfc HeBlerk oti senna); I^-yo- 
(Hiee. I^-yop ccoqari^ syxe^r, ne^B^)^ sop. I?r*, nar. J7r-od» (ine- 
Ty, AftBJ!!)); cC'y^€t<P'vx (fern. «rpa(JjiH»), Kop. y^ «(p =« yt»^^, 
ts,^. garbh—grahh (saxRarHTBi Bsan); o^(p-yo- ((CTeMouB, Mpa^* 
bhB»)| cyn^ecTB. cf^-vif (iipaKi, TeMBOTa)^ sop. o^tp- (cp. o^^- 
fl^yo- cocTaBJ6BBuK, Cflp6Ta»), cp. JiaT. crb-o- (ocipoTtBDiiB, jih- 
meBHHB); ^/-yo- (hh6b. ^i-vov cu^hti, KOfta») H3i Ff/-yo-, nop. 
Ftff «= CKp. var (noKpHsaTB); ^of-yif (tfjyABHAa), Kop. jpar, cp. 
rjiar. Tfe^'doa (Hcsymaio, BBOsy bi HCKymoflie; cb Tf^lafxcM <riTO- 
Bynax), BaBHHaD» 8T0 cjiobo ae Hviberb BHqero otfmaro); r/%- 
yi) (HcsyccTBO, xyAOxecTBo), sop. tah, csp. to^l; cp. reu%'<» 
(cTpoD, npHroTOBJiJiiD); Au%-yo- (HHefl. Au%-yop <xcBt«ia| noACBtq- 

Easi cy4^$HKci BTopocToneBBuB -yo npHBHMaerB Bep'bABone- 
peA'B co^on -I-; bi tbrob^ cjy?at npoBCxoABTi DpBjrararejibBHfl 
HSi cymecTBHTejiBHim: bdiA-vo- (masc. csycn, RycTapsBBi^), 
on bufi-tis (iiacTHB, rycToB), cp. dev/iccc (KyqanH, Bitcii); 
TfQT'Vob (-yif codjiaAaTejiBEHifa, rocnoxa»), oti Tfo-ai-g (vysi, 
eynpyri), KOTopoe ctodti BittcTO Tfo-n-^ cp. CBp. jpa^t (cD^a 
BpHMKBaen B Ap.-(!ojir. -noAh, bi roc-iioAb); oIa)-yo- (masc. 
cKopmyflBi ACTpeii^B, oTBi^a Boo6iiie»=:<coxHBOKO jieTaDU(iBx>), ot*b 
<Tc-p (oABHi, oARuosiB). 

IIpHRtpEi npRjaraTejbHuxi cb BTopRqaaxi oRORvaiiiexi -vo 
(-lyo): rfJ%-iyo- (RMeB. r^ix^vos «CAtJiaHBHB hstb JiocKyTBCBi*), 
orB cyn^. r^v%os (jocKjrB, RycoRx ), Rop. rfu%- (BCTomaib, hb- 
BamnBaTL); cKe^-vivo- (rjib (TK^-ivo- «noBpuTufl, aaBiHmeHBiiBx)), 
on TKiTsn (aao^RTa), cp. b m^a^; loc^'tvo- (BMeB. luqtvU 
«BeceBfliB, CBtaifl»), on ^^^^(BecBa), BpoRCineAHiaro bsi ^F^co-oc^ 
(ccp. vasanta^ AP*'^ojir. BecHA); v/xhivo' (aosafluB), onv/jLiiv 
(poA* vfjJyoff «TKaHB, sosH^al>)y Rop. u^-, cp. v(p-ulvd» (TRy); 
niJLtf^m- (AReraol), <^r% ni^t^cc (a^R^); ^dr'-m- (TepBOBirt), 
on /3«r-«p*(TepB0B!?HRi); oh-tyo- (BRaHiifl)i on cTyo^ (brbo), 



250 07««RR0. -na, -nt, -nci. §§ SI— 82. 

H3i Fo/vo- cp. MT. mn^o-; vc^^KlvB-ivo- ( riaiiiBTOBHl , toiho- 
BpacHiiH), ovh vccKiv^o' (masc. riai^HEni can^sp'B). 

OKOHqanie -nja^vio: ie/x-yjo' {Ufxy^oy ccnocTejiB, HsrojOBBe^), 
oTi jjl/Leo) (cTpoR)^ B03ABHra»), TfoT'Vio- (no^ieHHuSf, BjaAiDn^iS), 
OT^ 7(o-ri=^7So'(r$'S (cynpyri) h np. 

Ilpifji'bpbi oEoiiqaniR -ni (-v/-) h -n«i (-vu^ Bi rpe^eeson 
asunt I'ecbua HeuHoroqncieBHH: xAo-v/- (po^. icXo've-ooff ocspecT- 
itOBaA KocTb, specTei^i»X cp. JiaT. clu-ni-s (tfej^pa), caHcsp. 
grd-nij AP-'^aivip. Qrao-ni-; KopeHb Binxt cjiobt* ecTB Jcru^ cb 
KOTopHMt Be(5epT> (Zeitschr. Y. 233) c^jwaaeTO h jiai. cr»s 
(rojeHh), cb KopecMB xA/v- (bb xA/vo)^ xAov/- He coctobto hh 
Bi saRoH cBfl3H; /LeS7-v/- (HieHHT. /u97v/^ «rH'6B'b»)y nepBOHaq. Kop. 
ma (pacnmpErBmiBcji bi man «ji.yMaTB)!>); roc^yv- (<kajibhqhB») 
B'b cjosHHX'b cjioBax'B^ h% nepBOHaqajibHOiii SHaqeHis aTOHsiB»): 
recvv ' y^^<roff (ci A^^HHHUSi'b ashsomi), ruvv-crKsoff (ccb xjibh* 

HOD TtHbH)» — cp. CKp. «tenw» «T0BEW», H dldjd «T4Hb»), 

rctyv'(pv}sXos (cb a^bbhumb, mnpoEBMir jBCTbflMBX ^ np. 

§ 82. Bb laTBHCKOu'b fl3EiBb $opiuu Ha -na B'b pi^AKHxi 
cjiyqaJix'B ysasuBaiDTi cyn^ecTBOBaBmee np6Xji.e Bnaqede npaqa- 
ctIh CTpa^aTejibHaro; cy({)^iiKCi -na ofiHSHOBeHHO o($pa3yeT'b cy- 
mecTBHTejibHHH H HpEijiaraTejibBEiiH (B'b nocJOLtAueifb cjryqai sas'b 
oBOHqanie BTopaqnoe), -ni npenMyn^ecTBCHHO cyn^ecTBHTeJibHHfl. 
npHutpu: pug-no-^ (masc. ^Byjao^))), sop. pug^ cp. pugUlus 
(ropcTby ropcToqita), nar. pung-ere (KOioTb), uponi. Bpew. pu- 
pug-i (ciDAa othochtc^ h cymecTBHT. pug-na a6opb($a»)y rpev. 
TTvy- Bi TTuy-fc^ (Byjiatt^); wa^-»o- («({ojibnioa», tfysB. «yBe- 
jiHqeHHHS»), CKp. Kop. mah (pacTH), hbi *magh; lu-na (cjiyHa, 
M%ciii]l!b»=«($iecTflni;afl)!>)y bsi luc-na^ sop. rt^A;; som-no- (masc* 
•coHt^), H3i *50jp-iio-, cap. svap^na; grd-no- (ntr. <c3epH0»); 
sop. (jfra-, ^ar (Bonn — Gloss. 149, a— yBasHsaeTi na caHcsp* 
^r «coiiteri| consumix), h npHqacT. gtr-na); pcn-na (nepo), 
1181 *pet^na — *pat-na^ Bop. pat (jLOTftTB), rpeq. 'jth'OfMti 



oyoftHROi -na bi iathh. as. § 82. 251 

fie-no* (noiHHB), sop. par ( HanoiHATB), cp. Ap.-($0Jir. ha^itl; 
tig-no- (ntr. «cTpoeBoe Aepeso, (5peBH0»), Kop. tig=tdkj rpeq* 
rnp", CKp. toA:5 (cTpoHTB, lecaib); lig-no- (ntr. ct.iepeBO, ipona*), 
rJiar. lig-are (Bfl3aTBy 3aBfl3HBaib); 2d-na (mepcTb), m% ^la-na 
(pyecB. eoA'ua, denies, vlna^ m'h exl-ha^ iotck, tn^Z-iEa hsi 
*f;MZ-«a), Kop. t?ar (nOKpHBaTi); fa-no- (ntr. cBflineHno*; Mt'To, 
xpani, Kanome), Kop. fa, CKp. hhd ((JjiecTtTb), <p- bhd-nu 
(coJiHiie); ver-na (patJ'B, ciyra), nop. ver-; habe-na (Bosaa, 
DOBOA'By peneHB), Kop. hab-, hab-ere (uutTb, (iei eqb, xpa iBTb); 
ar-e^na (necoKi), Kop. ar,. cp. ar-ent- (cyxo8, sacoxjiaH), 
Mar. ar-ere (cyxy (Jaib), npHJiar. ar-ido-; colo-no- ( noce.iGHeu^, 
of^HTaTejib), OT^ cohere (o6pa6oTHBaTb); B'^pobtho npHuusaeTi 
eDiia H van-no- (hmoh. van-nus^ fern. «BtfljiOy ho^hu ji^jia Bifl- 
Bijr Xiit6a)>)y Bsi *vat-no-^ KaK*b cjiobo BTopHuaro odpasoiaBU 
Wh RopBA i;a- (B'bflTb) b np. 

Sasi BTopocTenoHBEiB cyij^^nscB -na ynoTpe($j[fleTCii o^eflb ^a- 
CTOy oco6eHBO cb opHCTaBJieBflfiiM^b cnepeAB i (-ino-) : lacd-na 
(BHa), OTi) lacus (osepo, npyA'B); leae-na (jibBRiia), on leo 
(jieBx); malrd-na (saMysBBB aefl^BHa, roeaosa, cynpyria), on 
mater (HaTb); patrd-no- (sacTyoBBs^, nospoBHTejibX on pater 
(oteiii); membra-na (Boasa, Koxeiia, BepraveBi), on mem^n^m 
(qjeflx); vesper-na (Plant. ^ysBHix)), on t;e5j)er (bo qepi), cp. 
Ap.-<Sojir. B6Y6pKi; pag-a-no' {nmu. paganus acejibCKiB SHTeu, 
ilmaBBBi^, Bi BosABtBBiiB BpeueBB aiiaiiqflBK'bx)) on pagw 

(GOJIOy A6peBBB). 

IIpBHips npBjiaraTejibBHXi cb Btopbtohbi OBOBqaBieii "no 
("ino): ean-i-no' (co6aqiH), on canis (co(Sasa ), cKp. Qvan; div^ 
ino' (doxeeBiB, dosecTBOBUHB), on divtis=deu8 (6on\ csp. 
diva; capr-tno-' (KosiB), on capra (sosa); mc-tno- (cocIa'Bi 
coeftAHiB), on vie -us (aopobbb, ab^b» BBapTan); a/rca'-no' 
(ceoBpoBOflfliiiB, cspHTflaB», saB^b cyii^ecTB. arcanum ccraflBa, 
TaflBCTB0»)| on area (bb^bbi, aoB^erb); /rofer-no- (((paTCBil), 



252 c7ft«BBC. -na^ -ni^ -nu, § 82, 

01% frater (({pan); agn'tno- (flrnnqiB, (SapaaiBX oti agnus 
(«(!apaineKi)X>— jip.-6o.ir. nrNA); angu4no- (sutHHEiH), on an^ 
guis (sMtfl); super -no- (KepxoiB, bhcobiH) on sap. dtiper 
(BBepxy); veter-no- («cTapHB», Kara cyn^ecTB. t;eierwws «cob- 
JinBocTb, ji4Hk»), OTi t;efer- (crapHB), ehoh. vetus; Mber-no- 
(sHMHiB), BtpoflTHO m% *Mmer'n(hf on Mems (sBHa), cp. 
caHcKp. hima^ rpeq. x^^l^'^^t oquU^tno^ (opjiHBuB), on» aquUa 
(opejii); cerv-tno' (o;i6HiB)y on cervw (oJieHb); terg-tno- (ko- 
ttaBuBy peueBBHH), on terg^um (Koxa, thjii, saA'B); monA-Ano- 
(ropBEiBX on mont-i- (HveH. m0ns masc. <iropa»); ^2t;a-no« 
(HHen. sUvanus «jiicHoe (!ozecTB03!>, co(Sctb. ccjitcBoBi^), on 
sUva (jL^Ch); mund-dno- (npHBaAJexan^iB vipy), on mundus 
(Hipi); urb'dfKh (ropoACKoB), on urhs (ropoAi), ■ np. 

OBOHqaaie -urno- vb npBjaraTejfl[bBHX*b OKasuBaeTca BTopHq- 
BHMi: di'UrnO' (jnfleBHoB, eseABeBBHflX on dies (aou\ En 
*di'V'aS' (Kop. div); noct-urno- (floqaoB), on nox (Hoqb), 
poA« noctis; tacit "urno- ( iioJiqajiHBiiB ), on tacitus (npaqacr. 
on tacere <xMOJiqaTi>»); cp. h Sat-urno' (HueB. S<Uurntis ii6ov% 
8eajeAtJiB»), BOTopoe Bipoarno cocTOHn bi CBxan ci cyn;ecTB, 
satus (BOcbBi, njiena), cp. TaKse npojiar. satur (cutuB) ja satis 

4 

(AOBojibflo); sempi'ternO' (BcerAamaiBi B^bqasB) npoHcxoABn on 
semper (ace fab). 

C]4^4^HBCH -ni H -nu BCTpiqaiOTca B'b BeuHorHxi cJioBaxi: pani- 
(HieH. panis masc. (cxjilCi))), Bop. pa- (nHTaTb), e^.pd-bulum 
(Ropa^y nisiiia), rpeq. TfcLo/xca (npiotfp'&TaK), BJiaAta)), npom. Bp. 
Tshtct^fjLctt; ig-ni'^ (oroflb), hsi ^ag-ni-^ Ap.-(Jojr. orHL, jibtobcb. 
ug-ni-^ CBp« ag-ni; fi^ni- (masc. <(BOHe^^») c0Bpaui6H0, 6n7h 
uosen, H3i> ^fid-ni-f fid saajiDqaeTca vb mt. /(nd-ere »= CBp. 
Ihid (paapnaaTby pasA^JiaTb ); seg-ni- (Hxee. seg-ni'S^ upeiar. 
<caeAJ!eBB&fi, HenoBopoTJiiBuB)}), aop. seg^sek^ ep» rjar. sec- 
are (ptaaTb); crt-ni- (Boaocu)i sop. cri" kar ( HeBafitcTHaro 



cyftftOKCb -na h% fotok. bb. § 83. 263 

BHaqeeia; HiROTopHe cpaBHHBaDTi rpe^. xif-cip «porix», csp. 
fir-as «rojH[OBa»); coT'tiu (pori), rpeq. rJ^-uffy ? np, Bonnii 
(Yergl. Gramm. III. 419) dphboahti ma-'nu-s (pynaX on 
EopH. ma (TBopHTBy M'fcpETB), cp» ScUeichet^ Gomp. 434. 

B'B pecu-nia (mjmficno^ AOHbrB), *ma (=nia) OKasuBaeTea 
OROH^anieMi BTopHqHBH'B, ($yAy^H npucTaBjeHo k% cyu^ecTBHTeJB* 

HOI J J96Ct« (peCUS (CCSOT'By CROTHHa»). 

§ 83. Bi roTCKOHi asHKt caHCRpeTCRoij -92a> BaRi otfpa- 
BOBaTejBuoMj BJieieHTj npaqacTiii CTpa^aTejiBHaro sa^ora, eooT- 
B^TCTByexi -ana^ npn npHcraBRi ROToparo r% riaroiy RopeHHaa 
rjacHaa bi tfojibmHHCTB'b cjiy^aeBi ocTaeTcn HeHsnftReHHOi); tojibro 

BO HHOrHX'b ROpBAXl CB FJiaCHOK) i TaRoB seyRi HSHisaeTCfl Bl 

ti, H corjacBO ci btbhi ai bi a«« ; hrunn-ana (Hven. bn^nnan^, 
zeHCff. p. hrunnana)f npnq. npom. Bpev. .crp. sai. on brinn-an 
(rop^Tb), cp. brinnd (jiHXopaARa); hund'ana (cBjrsaHHHll), Hxe- 
BHT. hund-anSy OTi^md-an, cBp. bandh; baur-ana {nen. hau-^ 
rans «posa6HHh8» — un-haurans «Hepoxj^eHHHfl»)y on hair-em; 
vaurth-ana (HueH. vaurthansjj oti vairthan (cTMommiB^ ca^- 
laTBCfl); 5^e«n^-anay ' OTi sting-an (roj!IOtb)| cp. aarji. tasting, 
npH?. npom. Bpea. stung; gib-ana, on gib-an (AaTB); mit-ana 
(HMeH. mitans), on mit-an (laipHTB); bit-anay orb beit-an (ay- 
caTb): drib-ana, on dreib-an (raarB), KOjf. drib; bug-ana^ orb 
biug-aUf Rop. bug (cancRp. bhug); tauh-ana, (cp. ga*tauh-ans)^ 
on tiuh-an (tbhjtb), Rop. tuh^ cp. AP-*^OJir. TAr-NXTH, qemcR. 
tdh-nouti h np. GH>Aa npRHaAJiexHrB e bar^na (HiieoHT. barn 
ntr. ccpetfeHOK^))), Rop. barCbair-tm «poAHTB3>);i;t({-2a(fflepcTB), 
npoHcmoAinee b31 ^vul-na^ cp. pyccR» eoA-ua ( BiiL-Ha ), Kop. var 
(noRpHBan). 

%CTo ynoTpetfjiaeHoe oROHmeie -ni oCpaayen orBjieveHHsa 
nosHTiji orb rjiaroibHSXi Ropeefl (ocotfoHHO so on rjiarojoBT, 
cJiozeHHHX'b ci opoAJioraia bjih boo($Q6 npoHSBOAnm'b), Toua- 
un •nu BCTpiqaoTca B!b BOCbMa HoiHorixi cjiosaxi : soh-ni 



264 oyftftiRc. *ni, -nu. § 83. 

(H»eH, soJms «pa3CM0Tp4Hie», po^. soknais^ bhhht. hhox. 8ok^ 
ni-ns), Bop. mJc^ rjiar. s%aw (HccaTb, padCHaTpiiBaTB), b4i. 
sticA-e^y aBrji. to seek; taih-ni'- (hh6b. toiMs fern. coBaBi})), 
XHOS. toiA;n-my aat. mbos. toiA;-'m-m| sop. e^ift, rjiar. taik-njan 
(osfla^aTb), rpe^. Jf/x-yJ-vcsi, csp. dig (ysasiiBaTBy BacTaBUTL); 
fi5-&m-m (TepBtJiHBacTb)i Bien. usbeisnSf Kop. heid=hidf cp. 
&ei(2-an (osEAaTb)i aarji. to a -hide (ocTaBaTBCfl); sdho-ni'- 
(iiasb), HMBB. scdhons (poA. BcHbdnais)^ rjiar. $a7&dn eie ei 
npeftJioroa&i: ga-satb-on (BaMao^aTB); «aZ&- aojxbo opebbtb sa 
cjosHHfi EOHnjieECb (jojite npocTHxi BJiefleflTOB b ^; us-tkul^ai-ni 
EJiE npocT. thul-ai-ni- (euoe. t^t^ams <cTepfl'bHie»)y Kop. thul^ 
rjiar. tAul-a^, cp. Jiax. tol-erare, rpeq. rActV pacmEpeaBaE 
$opHa Toro-ze Kopaa baasHBaeTCE wb atM. dtd-d-efif va^ d 
TasoS-iEce iipE($aBO^HHfi djeEeBTii Rasi ^ bi AP»~(>ojir. ^Si-f^-Mi^ 
H-A~^^ KOP* ^ (jCEp.&M^i i;Ub'ai-ni (BHea. libains <csB8Bb»), 
rJiar. lib-an (sflTb); luh-ai-ni' (flaAeasA^)) Rop. luhj cap. Zt^ft 
(sejiaTbX flpEJiar. liub-s (Aopoioa, muiAi), rjiar. ga-latib-jan 
(BBipflTb, BftpETb); hau-ai-ni' (xEJinnie), eeob. bauains^ rjrar. 
bawan (co6ctb. coaciacjiETb tfHTb, npoE3BOAHTb»:=«cTpoETb»)y 
npom. Bp. bai'bau. 

IIpflEipH cJiOBi cb OKOBqaflieE!b nt«: su-nu- (eebb. $e«-nt^ 
«cHfl'bx>), cap. sunus; thaur-nu- (TepaoBEEB'b, lepfli), cRp. 
tr-na (ipaBa, pacTeaie), sop. tar («npoxoAETb», nepBosa?. sfla- 
^enie Bipoaxao ctopoBsaTb^), AP«*(^OJir. Tp*L-Nik^ qemcs. trn; 
qair-nu- (mjihrnnntk), EH6B.^atr-nti-s(cp. asUu-qair-m^s cEOJb-* 
BEAa, BOTopyK) Ton^erby Ba soTopyn cryaaeTi ocejux)), sop. gar^ 

' npoB3B0ACTB0 eio oTb Up, cicp. Up (icaaaTL), npeAcraiufleTb H^Koropyio ■«. 
poBTHocTb, Ttirb 6oj«e, ecja irpHUflTb bo BBBicauie rpeq. CChetCp-'CO (BaMamaio' 
Maxy), Kop. A/<P==Ai^, H aP- -^-ir. AMl-OTH, npilAhn'ETII|5a-,6uTbMoacen^ 
cooTB^TCTnyerb cancicp. sam (^p.-dojr. €1^}^ TaK%-<iTo salb'S=i*sa'lib»; Taicoe-ace 
8Ha<ieuie awnerb b 06 vh U'Aes(P'<iO^''8amlip'dmiiOC^=CtlJUtf cp. Ct-AO%*CP 
B Ct'KOtTlg (cynpyra, coaaiTCJbHHna)| b» *sa4oGJi^f AP«-^$04r* CL-AO^Kb-HHlia* 



OFAftiBoi -na Bi HOPAOB. irs. § 84. 255 

ep. caHCBp. ^ar (pasApotfjiHTbciiy pacTHpaTbCA ), jht. gir-na^^ 
AP*-(Soj[r. sKpi-ilii (xepHOB^)• 

§ 84. Bi HopACKO» flSHst roTCKOMy npiqacTiK) npoineAma- 
ro BpeMeHH aa -na (-ana, Hxen. -ans) cooTBiTCTByeri oboh- 
qanie -inn , BOTopoe bi TaKi BasHBaevoHi CHJibHoif^ cnpirxeHia 
DpHcoeAHBueTCfl Bi casoMy Kopni), (Sojiie mb Meate HBiiHefl- 
BOMy (torAa-KaBi a^a c^atfaro cnpBseBiB cooiB^TCTBeHBoe npa- 
qacTie CTpajLaieJiBBaro sajiora oBaaqHBaeTCB aa -d, bi HxeaBT. 
-^r=nepBOBaq. -tas: UJca-dr ot-b Itka ctHpaBHTtca», kaUa-dir 
on holla <c3BaTB»); ABoBaoe -nn bi cHibam'b j^opxax'B npoaso* 
mjio BCJitACTBie ynoAo6jieaia mi -i»-r=-iw-5 (laB^-BaKi r=8 
cjiysHTi SA'bcb BHpaseiiieH'b BMeBaTej[buaro)=a»d. npaatpH: 
freg-inftj war. freg-na («j3BaTB»— nocpoACiBOMi BonpocoBi), 
Bop, freg; veg-inn (asb ^ag-in-s)^ Kop. -ye^r-a (BtcaiB, 6btb); 
vox-inn otx t;aa;a (pacTH), aacT. Bp. t?ea?; fall-inn , orb folia 
(naAaTB). fiopenaEifl H3iitH6Bia, BOTopiiM'B noABopraiOTCfl aeptABO 
rjiacHHHi BBABU B3'B cji'bAjioaiHX'B npHMtpoBi: hor-inn, onhera 
(roieB. haira «BecTH»); num-inn, orinem-a (<i(6paTB» — aacT. 
BpeH. nem), cp. fotck. nima- numans; kom-inn OTi koma 
(opaxoABw), aacT. Bp. jfcew, cp. totcb. qinia — qimanj npaq. 
qumans — kom a qim opaMUBBDT'B bi caacsp. gam (hath); bund- 
inn ^ OTX hinda (BBsaTB), cKp. bandh, fotck. bindan — bundans; 
Hsi vinna («pa(;oTaTB» — roTCB. vinn-an «crpa,i,aTB, TepatTB») 
otipasyeTCfl apaqacTie unni-nn (KopoHHaa rjiacaaa % uepexoABTo 
vh Uy aepeA'B kotopah'b corjiacaaa BunaAaeri); verda (ctbbo- 
bbtbcb) otfpaayerB ord-inn cp. totcb. vairthan a vaurthans; 
hidjain^QCSLTh) --bed-inn; sockva (aorpyaiiiBCJi, na^aTB) — swcfc- 
inn (sukkinn); hverfa (acqesatB), — horf-inn; fliuga (jieTtiB)— 
flog-inn; driupa (KaaaxB) — drop-inn; JdcBJa (CMtaTBca)— ^e^- 
inn; fd (jiobhtBi saxaaTHBaTB), HMften feng-inn. 

-na BaBi* OBoaqaaie cyn^eeiBaTejiBHHXi: skep-na (fern. aTBope- 
Biex>), on skep-ja (tbophtBi dpbboabtb m nopAAOB'B)| Bop. 



256 cyoftHSO. -nif -na. § 84. 

skap; svef-na- (HMen. svefn masc. cccoh-bb), riSkV.sofa (cnaiB), 
Kop. svap; vag-na- (RiieH. vagn masc. «B03ix>)y sop. vag^ csp, 
t;aJ^y cp. vdhana (nopACB. i;a^na-rKnni = Odhin = «B08HHi(a») 
H npoq. 

G;(I)4)Bsc'B -ni odpadyoT'b qaqe Bcero noeflTifl OTHJieqenHEiXi 
HO BHorAa B nomina agentis. IIpHMtpEi nepB^qBaro osoHqaHin 
-ni: U^-ni (fem. «noc.i;inHocTi>»)| rjiar. Jdycta (dphcji;ibe- 
BaTBCHy cJiyoiaTbCfi), rpeq. kKv, cap. gru (Hai %ru); hreyt- 
ni (oepeMiHa, HSMtHenie), rjiar. hreyta ( nepeitHHTb); ef-ni 
(npHqBHa, iiaTepifl, HnynieCTBo), rjiar. ef-n-a (Aepzan, Hanoj- 
HiiTb), Kop. e/i cp. ef-la (noAKptnjWTB), d-ef-ni (sjiotfa, He- 
cnpaBOAJiHBocTb ); sdg-ni (huch. so^/^ fem. «pa3csa3i)>)^ sop. 
sag (cp. $a^-a ttpaacKaai)!)); sdh-ni (HHeH. ^dibn fem. cHaoa- 
AeBie, 6opB($a»)f sop. ^aA; cp. s6h (6opi><$a)9 mhos, ^aft-ar (e 
sakir); tig-ni- (HHeH. %n fem. «jioctohhctbo»), Kop. ft^, 
cp. tig-inn (tfjiaropojiHuB, est* sHaTHaro poAa), tiggi (Kopojrb), 
0yKB. (cnoqETaeEuBi>; kek-ni' (RHen. Icek-nir «JitoapB, spaqi^), 
roTCB. Ukeis^ leikeis^ sop. lekf cp. AP«-($0Jir. AtiKOBATH (jit* 
qBTB); 2$A;-ni- (BiieH. Ukn fem. ajiiqeHie, yT<6mefliex>), sop. Uh 
(($e3*B coMfltHifl Bi CBii3B CB cKp. 2a^%t« »iiLr-iKik); «na^-ni- 
(magnir ayMBosBTejibx)^— cTon, bto DOABptcjiHeT'B)!>), sop. mag^ 
CBp. manh^^mah (bsi magh^ cp. JiaT. mag-no- (aeJiBBiB, 
(JojiBraoB); rdg-ni- (HBen. rSg-ni-r «KHir3B» — bi noBTHqecKOMTi 
CJior*), Kop. rog=ragf CBp. rti^ ((SjeciftTB); teik-ni (bbcb. 
^etA;^^ ntr. c(3BaBB»\ aiirJiocaKC. tifA^n, sop. tik=dikj roTCS. 
toiA;-ni (iiueB. taikns fem.), cp. aarj. ^oA;-en, HiB. mcA-en* 

npHB'&pn BTopHqBaro -ni: heiS-ni (fem. « BBHqecTBO »)y otib 
%ei(fr (BBGqHBKi); krist-ni (xpBCTiaBCTBo), krist-inn (xpECTiaa- 
cBiB); $aud-ni (BMen. saud^-ni'-r masc. <KiicTpe6%»=«XBn^EHB'B 
OBem^), on satiS-^ HMea. aaudr (dapani, OBi^a) e np. 

OJioBa ci> cy^d^HscoxB -ne« BecBva TpyAHO onpoAiJiBTBy Taai- 
saBi BpoB'b orpauBqeBflaro qBCJia DpEH»A^osft^Hx% cda^ cjiob^i 



c7ft«vBo% 'ma n% jriTOB. b^ § 85. 257 

otJiOTmjiBHHl ero sByai^ criasHBaetei Be tmbko bi wnEt., no 
■ B*b KoofieHHEix'b iftAOicax'^ ipt ciimBBaeiH Ten Ba -^na h 
-nu^ no anajioriH cpoAHiixi $opn xoxsso OTHeoTH cbab so- 
nu* (flB6H. ^o^ir «csBi»y BHOa»« ^bojI. sjfnir, abt. so-nu'fn^ 
rOTcs. au-nu-m), jiBtoBCK* dii^nei^. 

§ 85. Bi jiaTOBc£OMi» jianKt -^ Bi H'bKotoplik'b cjoBax*^ 
HBHo ]fKa3£iBaeTi ra ^opita JisaKOB'B cpoxHHXi, Biipasa»fllBX'& 
spH^acrie eTpaAareuaaro saiora; bo b^ caioii fla&is'b -na ho 
o($pa3;oTi HHsaiTflX'B npBvacTiS. —^na irosero JiBJtflnoH OEoa^a* 
liexi nepBBqHBUHi bjih BTopnqHHir'By B'b nocjiij^HeMi CJiyqai oho 
HO ptiEo npunBxaen BepoAi coood -j (^j^^, c(^JiHsaBCB TasHB'b 
o($pa30Mi ei .laT. -t??^-; cj^^bbcb -ni e -nu Bcrpi^ioTCH 
cpaBSHTejibHo pt.xR0. IIpBH^pH BepBB^flaro OBOHqaHifi -na: p6- 
na- (hmoh. pdnas, npoHSB. pdns <Kr6CB0AHd^»i co<$ctb. amnfit'* 
BHBiy B.iaA'bTejb^), nop. jpa^, CBp. ;}^ (aaoiHniaTb), hojbob. pan, 
YcmcK. pdn; hhr-na- (hmoh. Ihr-nas «pa((oqill, c.iyra», nep- 
WBM. «iajiE»qH?:'B»)y oTi K')pB« bar «Hectir, paxjiaTB)!), cp. fotck. 
ham OTTi frairan (ynouBFijTHS Depexox'b sBa^ieHifl BeTpiqaetcA 
H vb Apymx'B fl3£isaxii, cp. eatip. vefficB. ii^Zei^j? «cpa($oqi0y 
CjyTa^ noAeHutHK'BDyirojrbCB. e%?o/7 cMyABKi^ is cMap-eCf notaitK. 
i^opiec cc»aj!L^HBi))); jp^2^a- (masc. (cnosEHBay A(><(fli^B'B2>\ 
Map. p^-ti (BaHOjTHBTB), Bdp, pal^patf (H'tyAa h npBiiaraT. 
tkl-na'8 (WJinui), Ap.-tfoJir* aaviH, c«p. pHr-m; edp-na^^ 
(BoaSG. «eoH'^, cnoBBittHie))) mi^ *8vap-na; dug-na- (masc. 
«AB#, ocHOBaBie»), Eo-p, dug; di^i^ (acbb), hbi ^div-M, sop. 
i^it; (6.tec!'bTB)y ep#eiseBp. cornel; dii-na (fern. <cxjii($'B», (!yBB« 
«noAaBHoe, noAapoBX») rjiar. du-ti^ Bop. <7a (^atB); Up-snii^ 
(<injiafleRB», -a ogtb tojib^xo BCiaBua); Kop. Up (nojiflnmnM)^ 
Hoonpex. llp'ti. 

-na BBBi ey^^BBCx BTop^TeneBHEfB: 'oer-na- (HxeH> virnas 
cBtpHHify np6AaBHHB»)> OTi t;£re{ (R'KpA)! aibpoBTBO-^CiroBO c^a« 
Bfleesaro BpoHCxoaK;i6aM; vA-nors (cboCoabhRi boibbhI), oti 

17 



268 oy««HKo. -na -ni, -nu. § 85. 

vdU (BOJiii), Bop. var ( npoAno^iHTaTB, xortTb), jiaT. vdo (zo- 
^y); h^d-na-s (tftAHHB, HecqacTHHB)^ on Mda (=pyGCs. Cfbd-Qf 
Kop, lid); d^-i-na^-^Cdyv-na- «CTpaHeHfi»), on dyvas (qy- 
XO, AHBO)y Kop. e^it;; Jcdt-ina-s (koti), oti 2;aM (RomKa); 
aJcmen-yna-a (isyqa RaiiHeB), on aA;men- (KaueHi), imeH. aJcmu; 
kaim-^na' (masc. <ccociAX»)y oti A;^mas (iiepeBHfl) h np. Ta- 

Bifl OKOH^aHifl COCTOflTl B% O^OBHAHOB CBA3I! CI npBBeA6HHHllE 

npesA6 OBOB^aGiflMH -an^ -ana^ -ina^ cp. §§ 55—56. Bi cjiOBaxi, 
EBBi ^-nas (qojihhB), M-na-5 (ccropa)), co6ctb. «noAHaToe» 
Kop. Teal aQOAHfliiaTB»y FacT. BpOM. kdiU <cnoAHHi[aR)]») h doa»» 
ycMaipHBaerca eii^e oinpaojieHie tffiBmaro npexxe bx yaorpetf- 
jefliH npBqacTia npomeAmaro BpenoHH, KOTopoe h bi cjiaBflH- 
csHZi flSHBax'b osaHqHBaeTCfl na -na: niii-Ni, pyccs. no4-MMiS(; 
^dtbAaHHuit, xeaMHHuUf pfbsauuuii^ h up. 

-ni H -nu ynoTpetfjjiiDTCfl p^abo h npoHBHaDrB HHorAa ne- 
poAi* -n BCTaBoqeoe s: bar-nl' (hh6h. bar-nls fern. <ccnopi», 
poA^ &arn^s^, Kop. &ar (cnopBTB, 6paBBTL), hbct. Bp. harU; 
Ton-se KopeBL BCTpiqaercA h bi AP*-<$ojir. epa-Nb, coropoe 
CTOHTi BMtcTO *6ar-m; mirJc'S-ni'S (c(B3rjiaA't» poA. wirJtemo^, 
ore mirk'ti (Mopraib), qemcK. mrkati; deg-s-nl- (HiieH, deg- 
S'filsfem. «noaapT)»), rjiar. rf^^f-ii (roptTt), HacT, Bp. deg-U^ 
CKp. (2aJ^ (wai *dagh); kd-s-ni- (yKyraoHie), hsx ^kand-a-ni', 
Kop« ^ne2, fleonp. A;^-{i (<cBycaTb», AP*-<^ojnr. KiscaTH); swnu 
(hhoh. sunUs <cCHH'b»)y Bop. 5u (posAftTB); gad-nw (BHeH. 
gad-nUs «roAHHB, cnoco(JuHB»), Eop. gad^ cp, Ap.-(5ojir. roA- 
HTH-CA (roAHTbCif); (7t(^d-nf«- (iiiieH. dusnus (cqeApfiB))), sop, 
(7t^— df(t: duti (AaTb). 

SpoHi BTHii rjiaBBHii oBOHqaniB ecTB eoie muosbctbo Apy* 

rBXl CJIOZflllXly KOTOpHfl BCb DpHMHSaiOT'b Bl BHmeupBBeAOH- 

suhi; Bi ($0JiBmHHCTBft cJiyqaoB'b ohh upeACTaaJiflDTi dJieiieHTH 

BTOpOCTenOBBHe. 

-lina oCfpasyere ejioaa nepBH^Haa: rndL-ana" (masc. ccxen* 



oyft«HKG. -ra, -la. § 86. 259 

BRUiaD), Kop. mdl:mdl'ti (ii040Tb), rnd-u (<ch61R)»— AP«-<$0Jir. 
U€iiKE)y lar. mol-a (uejibHRi^a), oti mol-ere^ rpeq. ijlvK-os h 
fAth'fi; leg-una- (m.isc. «6tryHX))), Kop, leg ^ Ap.-(5ojir. Ktkr- 
OTHy cocTOHT'b Bi CBH3SI CB JiaT. fug-ere, roTCfi. &m^-a/^. 

-ine (hs'l inja-): Mp-ine-s (ntcTO norpedeiiia), oti Mpas 
(norH.m), r.iar. kap-oti (puxB, Konaib), Ap.-6oJir. Kon-OTH, rpei. 
o--xa-7rai; Tcd'ine-s (inTaHa), ott* hdys (nojitao); pust-yne (ny- 
cTUHfl), oTi pustas (njCToK). 

'&na o6pa3yeTX, wh corjiaciii ci upeAmecTsyniiiiiH'b OBonqaHi- 

s 

eix, cjioaa BTopti^HEifl n cooTBtTCTByei'B pycca. -una : jatit'Sna 
(roBHAHHa), oxii jdut'is («bo-ii» — roBAAo); wenes-ewa (jyH- 
bhB CB'bTi), OT'b m4nu (jiyna) , poAHT. nUnesio, sop. ma^ (1*6- 
pHTb); rug-Snh (xhbbo noM^ Bacbnuuaro poxbK)), oti n^^ei 

( p02L). 

-tny- (H»eH. -inys) oC^pasyeT'b tfoite Bcero nomiaa agentis 
BJiH acti Hsi riiarojibQHXX KopHeS, osasHBaeTc^ cjiiAOBareibHO 
OKOHqaHiei^ nepBHqHUMi: ting-in'^ (jibHTAB), icop. ting (6EiTb 
2iH0BUsii), neonp. ting-^ti; pa-siunt-iny-s (BtcTflHKi), Kop, 
jfiunt, rjiar, ^a-5if^5-<i, (nocu .laTb) , HS'b ^pd-siunt'ti ; mea-in^-s 
(flaB03Hafl syva), r.iar. miz-ti (yAO($pHTb) h np. 

OsoHqiHifl -ra^ -la. 

% 86. npH cy$({)!rKC'b -ra AOimHO pasjinqaTb abI^ oco(5eoREM 
^opMN, coBnaAaH>ui.ifl no seaqeHiK): -ra b -la. BsaBMHoe qepejio- 
Banie bthxi ^Byxi corjiacusx'b Hes^y coSoh) bi oahohi k tohx- 

Se B3IIK%, n Bl» OTHOnieHiH K^ fl3ElfiaM'b CpOAHUMl — saMtHOBie OA- 

Horo SBysa APyi'^^'i^ bx toH-xo OTpacii!, h to o($CTOflTejibCTBO, 
qro I npoACTaBJifleT'b SByici HOBiSmiS, MexAy-T'bM'b-Ka&'b npaBO 
nepaeHCTBa ocTaercfl sa r, ao^xho cxaBBTb r h 2 bi oahqi pas- 
j^BXh. VLn BBOxecTBa <I)aiiTOBiy roBO[BmHX!b wb nojbsy iiB'&iiiii 

TOSAGCTBft SBySOBl T HL l^ AOCTaTO^HO npHBeCTH Jmnib OABB'b: 

OKoaqaaie -aris h cooTB'bTCTBvwii^ee eaiy -alis B'b jtaxHacsoHi flsu- 

17* 



260 cydOBKGi^ -ra. % 87. 

■ 

si: nepBoe ynoTpedjiieTCif, Korja nepex'B hhmi OTOim 2, a bto« 
poe, ecJiH npeAinecTByera r: sol-aris^ pugUl-ariSf regul-arisy 
navicul-aris; HanpoTHBx: rur-alis, liher-diSy ventra-Us^ flora-lis 
(Corssenj Ueber Ausspr. Yoe. etc» I. 80; Ulep^Ahy Cpsbhht. rpaair. 
?• L § 112^ 6). TaE'b-Ras'Br h 2 no CBoei njiaBBOCTH npHHURaDn 
BecBHa Jierso m> jLpym'b corJiacHHU'by to ohh otfuRHOBeHflo npn- 

COOABHAlDTCfl BenOCpOACTBeHBO R'B ROpHflHi; COeAHBHTejIBBaH rjiftc- 

Bafl ynoTpe^j[fl6TCB b'b p'&abhi'b tojibko cjiy^aaxi. OcodeHBaro 
pacnpocTpaneHia AOCTHrjo OROHqanie ra = la bi flauRaxi cia- 

BflHCEHX'b. B'B JaTBHCROH'B HZUHi "la B'B paSnUX'B BHAaX'B (oco- 

(ieHHO 'ula, -ulo) odpaayeT'b cjiosa cb yiieHBniHTejiBBiisi'B sRa^e- 
Hiesii, BaR'B ^ra^ raRi h -la BapaxaiOT'B do DpeniiyntecTBy oroh- 
^aBie nepRB^iBoe; 

§ 87. UpHU'i^pH E2i> cancRpHTa: 

ra:daJi'ra («oronB» = arop;!fliiB»), Kop. dah (roptTB) aai 
*daghy mtobck, deg;cand'ra («(JiyBa» == «6jecTBffl,afi»), Kop, 
cand (i^HTB (JijHM'K, (JjecxtiB), Jiat. ca»rf-6o, cand-or; Uip-ra 
(iRopHB), Kop, Jcsip (6pocaTB); ind-ra (i^apB 6oroBi, BJi8A*Jei^'B 
B€6a), Eop. ind (Bec^eB — Gloss. 48 — bobboj^ht* ero Ha nad 
amyiitTB, rpeMiiB)); Bonn*— Gloss. 44, b— bphboahto Rop. iwi? 
«regere, imperare»; b^BoMI. & Both^ Skrt. Wtb. 1.804, ot- 
Aaeicii npeiiuyniecTBO 0()iflCfleBiH) cdosa nsi) KopoH in, invj «ua- 

BHpaTB, npHHJffiAaTB, BMAtTB*, d UpHHHMneTCfl 3a SBVRl BCTa* 

boihhB, a -ra 3a OKonqanie; in^d-ra b% SHaqeHiH anoRopmejB* 
BBpa£a:io Cu vb tbrom^ c.iyqa'b TO-xe caMoe, qro in-a (c^iaTejiB- 
bhB, BjaAtTCJib))); grdh-ra (xaAnnB, Roprayn-B), Rop. gardh 
(aiejaiB); vag-ra (thcpahB, rpoMOBaa ciptjia), Rop. vag (cp, 
H vane «6poAHTB, xoji.htb))); chid-ra (rpemHHa, nemepa), Rop. 
cMd (pacEa-iBBaib); sam-ud-ra («oReaH'B)»=«co6paBie boah))), 
OTi ud' (Bo,T.a), cp. ud-aka; QuJc-ra ((JwiecTiinuB, oronB), Rop. 
Quc ((JjiecTftTB); randh-ra (Aspa), Rop. radh («norB(jHyTB, no- 
BpeAHTB)) — TOiia HiiHqaHHTejBuaro Maroaa: randhi-); ttv-ra 



oytt«HBo. -ra, -la. % 87. 361 

(iLOJimil, xapsiR), koji. *Hv=tig (<$utb 0CTpHxi>; bi £^^. £ 
JRath, Skd. Wtb. ysasBsaeTCH, HuopoTHB'b, na BopHE— tor <Yiipo- 
HBKaTb» K <ti <x(SaTb Moryn^ecTBeKHavb* , vdere); badh-ira 
(«rjijX3fl» — occBfl3aHHuB»), sop. ia({A=&amIA (Bfl3aTb),-i- sbjki 
BCTaBo^HHM, paBuo Kasb Bi rtKZA-i-ra (KpacduB); hhad-ra (xo- 
pomiB, oTJinqEHli), Kop. hhand (paAOBan, yrtman); sthi-ra 
(TBepAHB, DOCTOfluHuB), stM (cTOflTb), ROToparo rJiacHafl noA- 
Bepr;iacb 06Jia()jieBiD; hsttd-ra (aedojibnioB, BBSKifl), Eop. Jcsud 
(pasjiOMaTb, pacTHpan); ntc-i-ra (6jiHCTaTejibH£i!i) , sop. rue 
(6.iecTiTb); chid-ira («Eeqi» = «pacKajiSBaH>mi9»)y sop. chid 
(sojOTb, py({BTi>); mand-i-rd (ccAOMiD^ccpaAyromiBw), Rop. mand 
^=mad (mud «paAOBaTbCfli>); vid-ura (ssaiDEtiKi ByApuB), sop. 
vid (3flaTb). 

BropB^HHVb '^ra flBifleTcn aaap. bi madhu-ra (((CJ[aAsiK»i 
co6cTB. (schcaobhH))), ot% madhu (ux%)y Kop. mad; agma-ra 
(iiajieHiicTHB)^ on agman (saMesb), Kop. ak; Mga-ra (rpnBa)^ 
OTb Jdga (soca, bojiocu); rathi-ra (cHafjxeHHQit EOJecuEiiei!), 
OTb ratha (ttOJIecHB^a), cp. mt. rota (i:o-'rec(0; dantu-ra (acb 
BBAaBiBEMBcii 3y((axE» «-J3JM. & Both, Skr. Wtb. III. 512), 
orb darUa (c<3y6i»9 jiaT. dens); u npauHaaeT'b Eonni (Vergl. 
Gramm. III. 413) 3a ocia6jeflie Bone^Haro a vh danta^ ysa- 
8UBa5 na noAo(SEoe ESMtQeHie a Bb u b% fotcs. tunth-u-s. 9to 
o6iEeHeflie HecpaBBOBHO B'bpoaTH'be Toro, KOTopoe nptiHEiaen 
« sa 4HCTyD BCTaBRy. 

npBBipH nepBEq.iaro OBoaqaaiff 4a : ^h^la ((i'bjiaff^ pe- 
ctus), sop. guc («($JiecrbTb»| cp. Quk-ra); stM-la (TOJiCTuff, 
OoJbBioB), npEMUKaen, no MH^BiB) fieflj^ea (Gloss. 853), Ki 
Bopa. ^stJiav (nau'bflesiiafl $opua on sthd <xcTOHn»)| OTsyia 
o6pa30BaHO ^&at;-t-ra (crapuB); sdl-i-la (BOAa), Kop. sal (j.be- 
raTbea^ e,tth); cap-a-la (AposamiB, eoabeshoB), Kop. camp^ 
cap (ABHraTbCfl)--*BTopoe a OBnsHBaeTca rjiacBoio coeAHunTejb* 
how; tar-a-la (noABMBoB), Kop. tar; guh-i-la (ajrtcb*— «eKpH- 



262 .C7ft«HR0. -ra, -la. §§ 87— 8S. 

Bai)D^iB»), Bop. guh (cspueaTB); path-i-la (DyTemecTBeHHHKi), 
OTi path (hatb), cp. path'in (^opora, ciesfl), nun. panth'ds; 
an-i-la (Btxepi), Kop« an (AHman); bi kok-i-la (HHAiBcKan 
Kyfiymsa) coMBHTeibHo^ npeACTaBJiflerb Jia 4a OBOH^aeie nepRB^- 
Hoe HJH BTopBqnoe: TaRi-Kaic'b cjobo hofjio npoirsoHjiTif tojbko na 
ocHOBaHin SBysonoApaxarejiBHOH^, to, ec.iH npsaflTb aa KopeHS 
Jc6k=:JcuJc, "la ORa3ajiocB 6u cy$j)]iKCOHi nepBH^Huiix (si ra- 
Bifii'B ero opiypo^BBaerb h BeH(})eB, cp. Yollst Gramm. d. Skrt 
169y § 420); bi no^bsy aroporo nH'bHifl roBopHTi BCTpiqaK>- 
n^eeca kdk-a (rose bi saaqeHiH asysyiniiaA '^ BohtL & Both^ 
Skr. Wrtb. H. 440). 

'la Basi cy$({)RRc*b BTopocTeneHHuS: pdnpi-la (sanujieHflnl), 
oil jp(j»(t« (uHJb); hahu'la (uHoriH, HHoro<iHc.ieuHH3), orb hahu 
(MHoriH), Kop. lanh (pacTH); phenvla (o'bnfiGTHiH), QT'h ph&na 
(nina); rndt-u-la (a^^'Ib co cTopouH HaTcpn), OTi m(i-tor (xaTb). 

OKOHqaaia -ri, -rw, -Zw ptAKo BcxptqaioTCH : ag-ru (cjieaa), 
BtpoaiHO K3i ^doQ-ru, cp. rpeq. Jocx-fu-, Kop. daf (Kycarb); 6W-r» 
(tfoasjiBBQB), OTb &%^ (((oiiTBCii); dd-ru (meApuB), oti det (Aarb); 
^t-ru (aparx), no HH-buiio Bui({)eB (VoUst. Skrt. Gramm. 169, 
§ 419), OTi *Qat (neHahBA'bTb); atpoBTHO b m^-ru (ccnaaBaaie 
(!acfloej[OBHoB| cBaqeBHoB ropH» —Lassen^ Anthol. Sanscr, 239; 
B6W,. & Both^ Skr. Wrtb. V. 904), otx HeHSBtCTHuro KopBB; 
pt'Tu (HaAyaaiDiiilB), sop. pit (duTb uoJOtHuini, saAyBaTbcn); 
ad'H (saiieHb); bi ^ivri (ap^^JIuB, CTapuB), Befli{)eii (Yollst. 
Srk. Gramm. 169) npuHBuaeTT} -ri sa cy^^Bsci nepHBRSbiB, bi 
B6UI. & Both^ Skr. Wtb. HI. 105 cjiobo oCi^cHaeTCfl nepe- 
CTaeoBSoB nJiaBHEix'b B3b ^gir-vi^ nocpoACTBOMB osouqanifl -i;i, 
OTi sope, ,^ar (iipaxjiiTb, cTaptib); upa-ri (uaA'b), oti upa; 
krpd^u (mbiocopahB), 0T^ krpd (uBJiocepAie) b op. 

§ 88. Bi ApeBHe-6aRTpiBcK0Mi asHst, npB neAOCTaTKi ssysa 
{, OKassBaeTCii oabbi tojibb) cj^^^bbci -ra^ opeACTaBJiirDiAil 
DO npoBMyniecTBy osoHqasie nepBBqno^; ynoTpetfjeaie cy^^HseoBib 



OTAftHKo. 'fa, 4a. §§ 88—89. 263 

^ H *fM H BA^cb BecBia orpaHHqeoHo. npHH^pu: vaz-ra (i^y- 
6HHa)^ Rop. VM^ cap. vag-ra; mith-ra (apociaejieHHoe tfosecTBO 
CB^Ta, AoroBopi), Kop. mit (coexBHATb, npe(!£iBaTB)^ cp. Justly 
Handb. 232; vaf-ra (cni^vi), sop. vap (HeeaBicTHaro BHaqeniji; 
lOcTH npHHHMaeTi ssa^eHie cc^pocan^ pasctBaibX) — Tan-se 
267); Quf-ra (njyr'B, paio), sop. gif (npoHsaTS, npoHHsarb), 
cp« caHcsp. Jcsip (6pocaTb); guf-ra (riytfodS, cspHTHS), sop. 
*gup (cEpEiBaTb); IOcth npHBOjim (Handb. 105) JiHsiBcs* 
gop-a (aiorBJca); gH-ra (cbjbhhB), cp. csp. gA-ra (repofl), 
sop. gvi (pacTH), bi> cospantOHHOH'b bha'& qu (Bopp^ Yergl. 
Gramm. 411^ § 938); mrHi^'ra (TsepAHB^ toicteiB), sop. mar; 
gukh-ra (spacBHH), sop. guc (ropiTB); cUh-ra (oqeBHAOHff, 

flCHllBy 8HaS%, Cbnifl), sop. Cit (AasaTB, npHHOCHTB, OtflABUTb); 

gUz-ra (cspiiTHi), sop. gug (CBpHBan), csp. guh; gaf-ra 
(rji;6osiHy TpecayBmiS), sop. gaf (^^sgaf^ gcibh^ cp. gaf-ja 
«np6aacTb, rjiy6HHa», csp. gamb-t-ra «rJiy({osiB»); gdd-ra (cxtC' 
Beeie^ saTpyAHeuie ), sop. gad (ocTaejiaTby na^aib); grifa (spa- 
chbhB), csp. grt'la. 

-ra sasi cy^^Rscb BTopsqHHB: ahu-ra (rocnoAVH'b^ HasBame 
BBCfflaro ($osecTBa)y oti atihu (rocnoAHHi), sop. oA (cyn^ecTBO- 
Ban, fffiiTbX csp. as; muru-ra (cTapsB^ 6ojrbnie coposa itrb), 
0Tb zaurva (ciapocib), sop. zar^ csp. gar (cTaptrb); adha-ra 
(HHseiB), OTb adha (noTOsi), saTi^M^). 

-riy -ru: tigh-ri (cTpijra), ci^.tigh-ra (ocipaB) — o({a cJioaa 
DpoBcxoA«TX OTi sopB. * ti^ (6uTh ocTptiHib); duz-vatid-ru (ae- 
laDB^iB, TpetfyDn^iB 3Jia), sop. vand (opBMHRaeT'B s'b vid <i(fla- 
xoAHTby nojiyqaTb»y cp. 8 JiFm. cocjarar. vind-diti); nakktu-ru 
(BoqaoB), oti nakt- (non) cp. Jiar. noct-^ csp. nakt- (naht^ 
am «Boqbi)»), rpeq. wkt- Ap.-6o4r. HOiuTk. 

§ 89. Oy$$HSCH -ra (-^ct, -jo, -fif) h -la (-Ao, -Aflt, -Ai/) Bi 
rpeqecson asHsi noibaynTca tfoibBiHHi pacnpocTpaflefliei'b; 
nmfi APyrHZ!b BCTpiqaeicn -^o, otfpaByDqeei m saqecTBi nep« 



864 OT«otico> -f«^. § 89. 

Bivvatv oMHWHifl, ipHjarftTeiiHHfl m rureiOBiu HpniipH 
oKdHmifl -^0-: ix^^o-^ (hbmu ^^^^V aienpistej^ &pan»)( 
riar. r;)(d-a» (ffeBa&Hsy), ep. k ux^^^oti (nevurcb, cEop6jno); 
hMfjLTf-^^" (Hex. hjctfjiTf^Qs a($jiecuuiil)»)| ora Kifi'j^oo (dii* 
ct&a); Kuy-^o- (nenjihwt, suniS), K(^p. Auy- jet* 2iijir, Ze^^^^ 
(o%Tyi», ODUSHRax)); cp. rf>6q» AuT^if (t§hb, reiuaia) i Xtuv* 
ccA^o- (oeqajibHfiK); 9xAif->^o^ (ojxoB, TBep^ul, seeTOsiS)^ sop. 
mo&X'y VAW. aic8A*X» (nscymaD, a^^ad TBopj^nxi )y sai ^tnceh-jt^; 
h:j7S-qo'- (efijiawiiiiiK, saniS), uoip* Au^^ pjiar.. Autt-^oi (caijr* 
^an^ neqazK)^); (xctK-^o- (AMifiull), Kop. /xctx-^ cp. cji^ecTB. 
/Kif»-otf (AMHa); -^^vx-^O' (sojaAHBtSX Wp. ^^t%-^ cp. "^x^^ 
(xoJOA'b)! 'vN%-^ (ocBtsaD,. Atjan xoiiOtAHim); askrx-f^ 
(HOCTH,iH»i), Bop. aiV^'-, ocJo^-w-tt) (nopBi^aK), CTBsy); A»-fff- 
(Huem j^op-fo-y ^Aapi^ noAapoai^X ^OP- Jkvs(2(j (AftT^X ^* 
^do-p (Aan); xivr-f0* (sir.. cc^LadEOy KayTi, CTp«Eajio»X sop* 
xf yr- Kevr-'dof ( ko.ii^ lyqy X ^p* caiHCBp. kantaka ( Tepa'B ); yex^ 
fo- (yiepfliiB, BiepTBuft), sop. verc^ ^=^naky cp. yix-v-i" ( Tpym>X 
Ap.-($aBTp. nagu^ cap. no; (norBtfaTB), Jtai* nec^ (necare «y6R- 
BaTb», cymecTB. nec-^^}; ^r^-^- (Btr. <(]iepo») itai, ^Tfsr^s^o-^ 
Bop» jwj (jrei^T&X '^sr^fMi (Jie^yX ^^^P*^ P^> iMTf-^o-* (nuusc. 
aEui<ia£i»)>X sop. xc(^-, cp. pyccs» fu^^OHi {^^mtii.yah-omt%se 
aitapi^aT&cjit Baeyffj!iimTbeji»)^ jrar^ eop-ar (sob^jtb); ra^p"^' 
(masc. (xpoi^iy aaeaBa^), sop. ra<P'f cp. Tix^-if (norBja); xoif-^^ 
(masc. «BaB03%| rpB8b)>X aop«xo^%cp.r.!iar. x^-*T-«(yAaipfli)9 
^bd), AP^-^ojir. BOR-0H^ pycea^ Mon^mt b Kim-^mh, b opoi. 

HpiBflpUi Vh BOTOpiIXl BMKAy ey4>$BBC0Bli *^o- B BOpBeffb 

oBasHBacTC^ umcftaat /3A^-oc--fo- (ntr. apjias^, BiBB»X x^ap. 
iSAe^ (cEOTp^TBy BBA'bTB.X ^^^i** jSAsV-cd; ^y-£-fo- (bbboO^ 
o^eBBABEiB), aop. ^y>.riar. (puh^co (sMmo} m *<f>M'^(» f^io^- 
paomapeBfiaB fopxa flepio(^xflafa ^ac> cap. SAa^; iocp^^o- 
(HpauHM)^ aop.. ^o<p^: ^ap^(» (noTeuino), eyqecTB* ^o^-cr 
(BpaK!^ MMBOia); ^mh bosot'^ -^- otBOCBTta ba^cs fleno- 



O70«Hit€i -^'. § 89. 266 

epexeTB^HHO n eyn^eeTBHTe^bHoif; — B^ Tason ejiyia'6 o:io od- 
pasoBajio (Hi OKOHUDie BTopEVHoe; i?\xt'^o- (jichhH, BeceuH), 
rjar. iA-aW» ( yxiJirCTHBiflK) ); bdK^eqo' (ijBtTymiB, Coram B, 
ftiofoJibHuB), KOp. bobX'y rjiar. ^oix-hxo (iiBiTy, H3o(!H.iyi)X hs'S 
^Bd\-joi>j (5yA. Bp. dctX'ifa'aiJiui^ cp. CKp. jp^a2; AiTT-ct-fo- (na- 
saqeHHul, 6iecTJmiB, tj^shB), sop. A/^- (tfaaaTb)^ cp* a- 
1smI<P'Oo (HanamaD), A/^-a^-oi (ro-xe caiOB), hht-oc (xip'fri 
caJo)| cap. lip; x^ar-e-^o^ (cHJibBiaB, vory^iB, aptnaiB), aop. 
H(>ar- x^r-i» (ynpaBiaiD, BJiacTByi)); yotv-r-fo- (6i[ecTiiii(iB, 
itBtryiitiB), riar. yait-cia> (((jiemy, (ia©); yvc^-^-fo- (vpavHuB), 
on yvo(P'ooi> ( noiipaiiaiD ); yXxCp-v-Po- (njeioB, BBAOJitfjeBeaB)^ 
ritar. yhx<p^ (BHAaJi((j]BBa]D); dhir-fi-^o- (rptmoHB, Epecryu'^ 
ehB) npHiHo^erB ki cJM)XHO]iiy Do-BHABuoxy rjiarojiy dfjr-evoB 
(djiysAciDy. norptoaio); vb it^B-e-'^ar {ct96of,uu1i) KOpaeH^ odaa- 
pyxoaaeTca ikevd- ( bath ), ovb MTopara ot^paaymci GiaoTopBa 
BpeMesa rjar. e^-ofjccti (lAyi npHXOjRy), rp, 6yA» iKeC^cofJion 
(sa auijeKor^ Koneqaaro d^, aap. ^-Aud-ov (»^A&-9v^. Orl 
cjozcaro rjiarojcbaaro Kopaa npoHcxoABTi KvPifv^-^c- (mase. ccaa- 
Toai, eBHTOSiy ]|HjniHApi»»)9 nar. xuA/y(^-a> (saTaD); /3 bctbb- 
jieHO vezAy oEonqarieHi v Bopnen B'fc yuii-^-qo- (san, ace-. 
Biz^)| Kop. yafjL- : yafi^i^ (i^crynaD b% 6paai); faaoB-xo 

cocToaqee bs'b /4io'o^ (epoABiB), a ^/ul^et (AeHb). 

Bi cjiiAyniiiHzi ciOBixi -^o- oaasBBaeTca aaecuniteio at(>- 
pflVRHi^: al4^-^' (6iicTp£ril, cr^pH?), on sap. a7v|;cc (((hct]^ 
TOT^aei^ yXvK-e-^' (ejia;iKiB, AOCTaBJiaHiiqiB yAOBOJiacTBie)^ 9Vb 
yXxjiKvs (cJdABiBy npiflTflnB); ioK-e-qo- (x»TpuB, iK^BapBuB), ar& 
ioK'Off (o6Bas%, jpyKaBCTBo), cp. rjiar. ^ch^d^m (oC^aaaiitaaiDi 
o((ojBqai>); x^t-^- (so-joahbB, ysacauBX 0T^ xj'uor (aopoa^, 
yxacb); ieiX-S'^o^ (vopan^fB, irctjaDniiBX on ^i^Ao^ (pojioBsaJf; 
d(aiA*f-fo- (rpjraaut; HJOBaTtiB, HyrBBB), en d^Aor (rpjiaBi 

B up. 



266 G74»«ifBG. -ra, 4a. § 80. 

OitOHqaeie -ctf-zo-, otfpasyn^ee cymecTBHTeJiBHSfl cpexHOTO 
po^a cb BQa^eHieu'b opemyii^ecTBeHHO yneBbniHTejiBHHxi h npe- 
apHTOJibHHxi, cooTBtTCTsyeTi nepBOHa^aiBHoxy -ar-ja^ v npe^* 
CTaB-iflOTi cy4)$iiivC'b BTopaqeaR: ccy^^-cif'to * (hhob. dv^^ci^ioy 

ntr. <(qejB[OB'BqBniKO»X ^'^ ^'^^V (P^*'^* ctvJtfoV <xHyjKUHa»); 
avB^ooTf-u^'iO' (qeJioBftqeKi), on uv^^oyTfos (lejoBtKi); oTrXec^- 
/o- OTi c^Acv (opysie, iiihti); oh-a^-to- (ipflBHoe bhho, be- 
HHioKo), OTi olv'Off (vin-um); /jLia^'CCfuo' (He(5ojiBraaH narpaAa), 
on fjtitrdoff; i-d^'to- (iiHqKo), oti cd-ov; oIkcl^-so- (aombr'b), 
on oIko^; oar-ccf-io- (socTO^Ka), orb offrhv r np. Gyj^^Rsei 
-a^- (~0f~) o^paayeTi fitcBOJibRO cy^ecTBHTeibHHXi, bi saaqe- 
Biu nomina agentis hjh ooflBTiB oTBJieqeHBuxi: ahx-ccq (ntr. 
ccaaniBTd, oxpafleBie»), sop. ccAk-, cp. a^x-if (cHja, xpa6pocTb); 
Biv'ctf (ntr., poji. dhcL^'OS «.mAOBb, abo»), Kop. dev^ war. 
Beiv'Od (yAapBK), (5biD); avro-K^oLT'o^' (Huen. avro-K^ctra)^ «caM0- 
Aepaeiii))), rjiar. K^ar-ioo (BJiacTsyio), Kop. x^ctrj Bi ^dfjt-a^ 
(«cyDpyra, xeHa»), poA* ^ocixct^r-os^ OKaaQBaexcB spoxt -oc^ eo^e 
DpH()aBoqfloe r, Tasx-Basi sop. J'et/x-: iafx-ccoi) (otfysAUBav), caa* 
8HBai)y BHAaB Ba-nysi); aio r npnAa^T'b cjiaay aaaqeflie crpa- 
AaiejibHoe h coctoht'b bi cBaaa c'b Jiar. -to-, cRp. -to, ap*~ 
Coil?, -tl; f?^-c^ (^Aa, nama), sop. i^-. On yrpaqenHaro sopHX 
otfpasoBaflo cc^yv^o* (masc. <xcepe($po»), npeiusaDqee ki mt. 
arg-en-tOf csp. rag-ata; anajioria sthxi cjobi yKasuBaeTi Ba 
sop. oi^=^^cty (bi auaqeiuii c(6.iecTi^Tb, ()HTb (('bJiHii^), cp. 
oi^-n^ ((tJEiiK, 6j!ecTfliii.iH); id^-qv (cjieea) Bvien cy(|)({)HEe«b 
-ru (cp. CKp. a(-re«^ h npoHcxoABTi oti rjiaroJia ^cck'Vo^ (ay- 
caD), Bop. JaK. 

npHHtpH cjioBi c% oBoflqaBioMi -Ao- (An): TrofK'i'hjo- (pas* 
flOo((pa8BHB, necTpuR), sop. mx-, csp. |>i( (yKpamaib), aP-* 
6ojir. iiLC-T|>^ («necTpHH»; t ecTb BCTaasa, paaao sasi bi 0€- 
T-pi, MT. ac-er; ooao^bo h bi HtM. s-^-ro-m «TeqeBie, pi- 
Ba», CTOiiiiten Bitcro Va-m, cp. ibtobcb. srov-^, csp. sop. 



oyftftHKoi -\o. § 89. 267 

Btu «Te%» Hnp.); /txcy-flt-Ao- (tfojibmoH, mmeM), Kop. /Lefy= 
CKp. mah (manh ocpacTHi^), AP«~(^o.ir. Mor- (Morx); iy-i-hxi 
(cTEAo), Kop. dy-^ : ay-« (bcaj^ it^-to-Ko' (ntr. <KH30((pazeHie, 
HAOJn>»), Kop. p/^-, cp. ^sii'os (biiat>), dtp. vid, Jiar, vtd-eo; 
cix-^-Ao- (noAO(SiiHBy noxosiS), rJiar. //k-o? ( paBnancb ), cp. dK- 
w (noAo6ie, HKona); '^iS-t-Xo- (ntr. «o6yBb»), Kop» j?a(J (ha* 
th), ttoS' (Hora, hmch. ^oui*, poA. Tgo^-cs), CKp. pac2-a (ejh 
jpdda); ve^-i-Kn (otfjiaso ), Kop. vf(P = vct^ , CRp. na&ft b^ 
ndbh-as, jax. ww6-e5, Ap.-(5ojr. N6E-6C- (HUeH. ngk-o); ^euy- 
7oi (apuo, mnopu), nop. ^uy-: ^svy-vv'/xi (saiipiiraK), cbash* 
Bai)), CKp. yw^; a-jrri-Ao- ((JeanepHH), usi ^d-Tfer-, Kop. ^^r- 
(jierfeTb), CKp. ^ai, AP-^^o-ir. iiiT-Hi|a ( = <cj[OTaH)maa»); S-u-n- 
Aif (xepTReHHuB Aum^ seprBa), Kop. du- (abuhtbc^^ sep- 
TBOHaTb), dv-oo; rf(»y-An (oTBepciie, A^pa), Kop. r^ooy-i r^oJy-w 
(«tMi» — co6cTB. «rpH3y, pacKycHBaK)»); «u-Ao- (masc. «Ayxo- 
Bf'B HHCipynenT'By CBHp'bjB, Tpy6Ka»), rjar. ocvm (roBopD, apH- 
iy), cp. H oi-fifjii Ciy»); (^^o-Xo- (masc. «Boei»»), nop. iScJ'f-: 
/3(fe-(» (.lai. ped-o); xa/LtTr-J-Aiy (kphboB nocoxi), Bop. xct/*^-: 
KoiixTi'T'oo (rny, criida»); £J-Ao- (ntr. «ApoBa, Kycoat A©p6Ba»), 
war. £i-(» (odiecuBaH), o^pydaaaro); ^oyf-cc-Xo- (ntr. ocAytfHHa, na- 
jiB]ia»), Kop. ^0^- npeACTaBJifleii B'bpoaTHo HBuiHeHHoe ^z^- 
((Jpocaib), cp. ^ItT'T'Oo h np. 

BiopHqiiuiii OBaHqanieui -Acr- iiBJireTCfl bi cjrbAyDiQHX'b cio- 
Baxi: C\l/ri-Ko' (BHCOKiR), OTt uvlz-o^* (BHCoxa, BaiUHHa); <rt(»7ni' 
Ao- (fflo.iqaJiHBBiB), ot-b a-tooTrri ( MOJiqaeie ), rjar. <rioo7foc<»; ccynec- 
Ao- (masc. ccBflsaHBa, oxanBai)}, 0T^ Kop. ctyxctf ( bi c($'biiTiiiX'B); 
o^l'Xo' (rB'bBuuB, BCHHJibquBufl); %(«juce-Ao- (HHSKiB, npH3e«H- 
CTuB), OT'b nap. xoc/accI (oa-seMJit), cp. %S'i?v- (iim6h. %day 
csexJiflx)), H JiaT. humus; bi x.eiix^tih-so'' (ntr. <ccoBpoBSiiiiey 
Aoporafl BemB») OKoeqaHie -9|A-/o- cooTaftTCTByen npHBeAOBHOsiy 
BHme 'cc^'io-; aopeHB aioro cjioBa 6Ctb k/-, cp. Kel-fxxs (lesy); 



268 oyoAtritG. -ra, la. % 90. 

OKOBVdHie BaujUD^en bi C0($ft cjiAOBaTeibHo Tpn qacTfl: ma-^ 

§ 90. Bi jiatflBCROtf'B BXwA oco($eHaiiro paenpocTpaHeHU xo- 
CTirm OBOHqaHie -Z() (ci npHCTaaAtiHBOE) cnepe^a riacHoB, oeo- 
6«&H0 t^^, trpnX&K>Qiee odfiSHOBeHHO KopeHHEiH'b cJOBaM'b aaane^ 
Bie jK^HBiDHTe^BHoe; -r a m -la ('-rtf -U) lepeAjiDTCfl bi onoHqaQi- 

IIpBMtpEi cj[OB% na -ro: i-^nd-ro- (HesH&loaiil, BeB^^Ae-^ 
ctBefiBBfl), urb ^in-gnd-fo-^ top. gnA^ CKp* ^(t (sBaTb); dl-ro-^ 
(cTpamflHffy yxaCHtiK)^ sop* (;?i-, cp« rpev. <^^i-Ac- (tioasjiiiBHi!), 
npoffcxoAtfniee OTs Tasoro-'se KOpiifli J/-* (6oiBrTBCii); npoiu. Bp. 
^iJohKo6 {^€$"0^0 «(Joiwi, (J«3floftoiDCB»); lob-ro- (ntr. «rj({a»)y 
Bop. 2a&, cp. Idb-iufn, otfpasoBaaHoe B'bponTHo on lamb-ere 
(A»3aTB); cpaBHeHiK^ t% eane&p. lap (roBopHn) u'feffiaeTi pas- 
jiHqie hi, tiotJiiABen KOpeHnoxi SBjs'b; Idb-ro- (ntr. «JoxaHB, 

BOAOeM%») CTOHTl BHtCTO laV^O" H DpOHCXOAHTl OTl BOpHfl IdtT 

(hutb), war. lav-are; fidc-ro" (ntr. «HOAnopKa, KpoBaTb»), 
top. fulo-^ fulc4re (noAnapan); ag-ro- (HiieB* ag-er «noj!e»)y 
isop^ ag, ep. rpeq. oiy-^o-s) dd^ro- (^cbhS^ sBaMeifHTiiB), aop^ 
cto-, rpeq, xAv*-^ kAv-a? (cjiiimy); in-teg-ro- {hlmu, integer <(Be- 
BOBpexA^HQuS, BenopoqBHfl»),H8i ^in-tag^ro", Kopi to^^ cp. ton^- 
ere (AOTporHBaiBCB, BacaTBCfl); 9nac-ro- (^tob^iB, TOH&iB», hv^ 
maeer^, Kop» mac, cp. mac^es (lomecTB, cyxoB^aBOCTB); fig^ 
u^ra (bba^i 0($pa8i»X Kop. fig, rjrar. fing-ere (BEiAtiBBan^ 
otfpa^OBatfe); pig-ro- (ji*BHBHi!), itop. j^i^r, rjiar, jpi^-^re (cKy«» 
^BTB, npeqaHflfB fletajtB, eiHABTB); crep-ero- (^Hpaqeiiff, tet^ 
BiiB», KaKi cynteCTBHT. epexn. poj. «cre2)-eri*m» — «TeM«OTa»)j 
nop. crep, cp. (?fep*i*5e«Zo- (ntr. «cyMefps«»j; stup-^ro* (ntr. 
^(JeaqecTie, npeji»(5oAWEW)>)y ftop. 5ft^;p, r-sar. stup-ere (oij** 
BertTB, HayuMTBCa); scab^o- (vin. scaler «mefpoxoBaTflB, He- 
rjaABitf»)^ sop. 6ea2^, rjiar. BdSb-efe (qecaTB, cEtfCfJtfXB); B%r 



oyftftHSo. -^Qj 4a bi jiat. as. § 90. 269 

jug-tro' (ntr. «rtpa ;ij[rbei, pHscsaji AecflTSBa 8eHJ[H») -ra 
ecTB cy^^^HRCi BTopBqHQl, TaR'^-RftKi) ciORO npodcxoAHrs orb 
jug-urn (^pvo, ynpaxKa, ;«iaeTOBi)^ sop. /^^ (eoexHH^TB, aa-^ 
npflraTK). Oco((oe octoH^aie HMieT'B sec-uri- (iiJiieH. a^ttm 
ccTompi, etaHpa»X ot'b Eop. aec, a^care (pisaib, t%^j>, py* 

rpe^ecK^Hy -«f- cooTBtTCTByeii .wt. -or bi cak-ar (mno- 
pa, (Soxfi(iX K^P* cdlC', cdc-are (rooTaTb, aacTyDaTb la ^to^ 
B^pi^ARO cnepeAH -ar tiMmcn ejiori bjih SBysi ]ipB<(aBOHH£(B: 
luj^dn-ur (nicTo^ vjii sRByTi paeHyTHUJi xeHmiBH, 6opAejib)» 
on lupa ((JjiyAHma); ^orc-wl-ar (ntr, «toimo, thcrh am am* 
jieuia BHHorpaAa»X ^^P* ^^o^ rJiA'* t^gu-Sre (BeptiTb, Bopo«- 

WlTb). 

BTopH^HflM'b: contr-dr-io" ( BpoTH BonojosHHB ), on HpOA^. cantm 
(npoTHBi, HacynpoTHB'b); arm-dr-io- (ntr. «fflKa$'b awaohci^, 
DoeyAB)) H np.)? ^^^^ arma (apyxie, CHapaAHi yTsapb); sedent- 
ir-io- (cHA«''iB), an spn^acT. se(Z-6wf- (hi. serfews^, iwt. 
sedere (cHAftib); eww-efr-io- (aojofoff), orb aurum (aoJioTo); 
eaie-or-td- (co^aqiH), orb earns, (cotfasa) H irp. 

IIpHH'Ipii cjLon cb -lo^-ido: ung-fda (RaiHTO, noroTb), on 
unguis (BoroTb), Rop. nag; nelhula (((Tyiiaai»»,-~BupaxaerB 
€0<ScTB. «o($.iaMROi>y Raai b4yaho hss cpaBHOHia gi xt^otr&wh 
«cnt«&-65» <xo($JiaRO»)9 Bop. n6&-^ op. rpo9. ifi(p^g (e^JiaRo)^ evp* 
nabh-as (aosAyxi, Be($o, o^jriro); mao-eii!a (aiSTQo)^ Rop^ maCj 
cp. wac-^«re (Rci^efJjjiTb, ynaqTaacaTb); reg-ula (ifpaBuo), 
wark reg-ere (ynp«BMTb), mi^. reg ; jae-ulo- {ntt^ «MeTaTe jib- 
boo R0Hbe»), piar. jSc-ere (({pooatb, MOTaTb), aacT. Bp. jac-^o; 
Cttm-tdO' (mase, «Rjqa»), Rop. c«w-, uaa. ftwp: pyecs. «a- 
Kon-AHmh, qeincR. A;o27-0, AP«-^o;rr. Myn-iiTtf (RotiHTb); oc-ulo^ 
(masc. anasi^— ^EopBonaqajibHoe yxeBbmiTejaHoo BfiaHOflie aioro* 
eioaa ORasBBaoTCA yse b% ii6pio;i'b KjaecniHS^a aaKRa yTpaqea- 



270 cyftftHso'b 'la. § 90. 

BHHi), Kop, 0C-, cp. Ap.'tfojir. OK-o, cEp. aJc-U; fig-tdo^ (poh- 
^api, ropineiDBKi), Kop. fig^ vjLdiV. fing-ere (BHAtjHBaTb), cp, 
fig-ura; amtculo- (ntr. <(BepxHee njiane, ujian^iD), rjiar. 
aniic-ire (oAtBaib, noKpHBaib); loqu-ela (roBOp^, cjiobo), war. 
loqui (roBopHTb), Kop. loc=rak (>ip.-6ojir. f^eiu-TH, p€K-;ii); 
lu-ela (Hasaaame)^ r.iar. lu-ere (shtb, oinjiaqiiB.iTb); nit-da 
(6jiecR'b), war. nit-ere (CiHcrarb, jochhtbca); iwo»-eZa (uauo- 
MHHariie), rjiar. monere (HanoiiDHaTBy DpeAOCreperaTb); dbsequ-t- 
la (yCTynqHBOCTBy ciiHcxosA6Hie), rJiar. dbsequi (noBHHOBaTbcn); 
pri-lO' (ntr. «thcbh BBHorpaABHe»), hsi ^prem-lo-, rjiar. pre- 
mere (jaBUTb, npHSHMaib), Kop. prem; tut-ela (aamHia, no- 
EpoBHTeji];», cocTOflBuB noA'B oneKOH)), rjiar. tutdri (aaa^BoiaTb, 
(Sepeqb)— BTopocTeneHBafl j^opiia oti ^M^ri (cuoTptTb, oxpaHflib); 
nub'^i'lo' (u($j[aqH£iBy nacnypBHB), oti nubes (o6jiaBc); cap'tdo^ 
(ninsc. (cpyqsa, pyKoaTKa»), on capere (6paTb, saxBaTHBaTb), 
Kop. cap H np. 

IIpHJiaraTejibBHfl h cy^ecTBBTejibHnfl yHenbuiKTeJibHEiA aa -ulo- 
("lo): Mb'UlO' (jK)<$Bfl;iB nflib, BTJirflBaionxiB)^ oti* htbere (oHTb); 
aem-ulo' (copeBAjD^iB, conepHHS'b), nop. aem-y CKp. md («it* 
pHTb», Bi fttmandp. (naiEaTh^y); pat-ulo- (oTspHTuB)^ oTij^aMre 
{6un OTspHTHMi); sed-ulo' (apHjesHHBi tpjaojikK^ubbB), rjiar. 
sed-ere (cHAtib); vet-tdo- (ciapoBaTHB, Eaai cymecTBiiT. vet- 
tda f. <cCTapaii BiAB3ia», B-bH. vettd), on vetus (cTapnB), 
Xp.-6oj[r. BCT-i^; agd'lo" (masc. ((Hedojibmoe noj[6»), bk^cto 
*ager4o-j oti ager (nojie); lup-tda (BOi^Hi^a, B^bABva), oti 
lupa; voc-fda (rojtocos'by cjiobiio), on vox, aop. voc-; cjios- 
bhB cb bocobhkx BBysoM'b cy(I)$HKCi OKasHBaeTCJi aanp. b'l 
cant-i'le-na (niCHb, pascKaai), rjar. cantare (atib); vespU'lO" 
m- (Hiiefl. vespiUo <cBocHiibniBKi nepTBuxi tAjii y 6'bAnuxi Jin- 
AeB»)y BBi ^vesper-la-ni y on vesper (aeqepi) h np,; -U jib- 
jiBeTCfl Bi t;}^-^ ((!oApcTByK)!iiiB, 6AHTeJibBHB), Bop. t^<)f-, rjiar. 
vig-Sre (otfaapfSHBaTbCHi A^BciBOBaibi npoi^BibraTb). 



» 

Qy(DOHSG. -ali J -art J 'Ui ^ "di. § 90. 271 

OfiOHqaHia -Ui', di-, uli-f otfpasyDmifl npEijiiaraT6.iBBnfl, npeA- 
CTaBJifliorb cy4)({)HKcii nepBiiqHEie r BTopeqeEie: fac-Ui- (jerfiiB), 
Bop. fac (AtJaTb); frag-Ui' (jionaiB, BenpoqEHH), Kop. frag- 
(loiaTb); ut-Ui' (noJCBOHB), Kop. ut- (nojibsoBaifcCfl ); servtli- 
(patJcKiB, BeBOJEBHqiH), on servus (pa(5x); hum-ili- (flHBRiH), 
OTb humus (3eM-ia), cp. rpeq. xocfjLccXo' ; ov4li- (oBeqifi), on 
(m- (oBua), CEp. am; fid-e-U- (BtpBHl!), orb fides (Btpa), 
Kop. fid, riar. fido (AOBtpaio); crud-e-li- (aecToaifi), ot-b 
crud-us (cupofi^ HeAOBapeflflHfl), cp, pyccB. Kpyn-una^ qeinCR. 
wkrut-ny (aecioKifi); curr-uli- (6tryiuiB, nocnimaHB), orb 
eurrus ( KOJiecBHua), rjar. curr-ere (dtaan). 

^epeAyDn^iflCfl oBOHqaHia -alis h -aris MoryTi 6aTb tojbbo 
BTopocTeneHBHHB H o^pasysoTi npH.iaraxeJibHafl H3i cyii^ecTBH- 
TOJiBBbixi; ecjB TBKnHi oBuflqaaiBMi npeAmecTByeTX l^ to era- 
BHTCii -aris^ ecJiB-xe r, to bhI^cto -aris BBJiaeTca cHis; Tasoe 
qepeAOBanie AByxi co6cTBeHflO TOXA^CTfieHBUx'B oKoaqaBiB 061- 
flCBaeTCB cTpoKJieBieM'b asHBa si pacBOAotfjenii), BCj'bji.cTBie so- 
TOparo H36iraH)Tca ABa ToxAocTBeuBHXi Bnysa, BOtopse aeno- 
cpeACTBeHHo cJiiAyiOTi Apyi"^ sa Apyrom. npHM-ipa onoHqania 
-aris (EOTopoMjf npeAineCTByeTi I): vrdg-aris (Taaxe volg-ari- 
«o($miB, o6HBHOBeBHuB»), orb vulg-us (aapoA'by qepBb); famUi" 
ari' (AOManiBiB, ceMeBanH)^ on familia (coHeBcTBo); pecuH-ari- 
(co6cTB6HH£iB, oco6eBBBfl), OT^ pecuUum (BHymeCTBO, C05CTBeB- 
H0CT&); capUl-ari' (BoiocaaoB), ot% capUlus (bojiocei); salut' 
ari' (bhfojibhB, baopobhB}, on saZe«5 ( tfjiarococToaaie, SAopoBbe); 
pedicul-ari (BfflHB£iB)^oTi|7ee7ict«^i^5(c(Bomb», co6cTBeBHoe saa- 
qeaie— «BoaiEa», axiped-); consuL-ari- (aoacyjibCBiB), oti con- 
sul; vdhari- (opsBaAJiesamiB bi OBony), oi% vdl-um (oBon'b); 
palmul-ari (jaAOHBsB), on palmulay palma (bhctb pyse); j)Ian<- 
ari' (oTpocToqafiBy bosbhB), orb planta (pacTCBie, noAomaa 
bopb); td-ari- («AoxoAa^^iB ao nan*, cp. td-ari-a «OAeaAa 
ffl BJin»)| OTi tdus (oBTa) h np. 



273 cyft«irso. *ra, la. § 91. 

TaEEiri-xe otfpaaoi'b oKdB^aniv -a7i'5 Beeurt «raeTO npexme* 
CTBjeTi r^ B BBBorAft 2, Tasi-MKi OROHqaide I'dti' bi flBBst He 
TepcBTCB: fler-aU- (uBtTHoS), oti /7o-« (iibItoki); donu-aH" 
(ciiBHHoH)y oTi dor^-um (coBHa, xpetfen); cam-a2e- (uotcsoI, 
ftJiecH Hli X OTi coro (hsco, Hian); 2if(7r-ali- (notfpexHHB), ors 
Htes (6epen); frugal- (b.iojuobhB, tfepezjEBBil ), on /ru^-es 
(ii.!OAh); cof9Jug-ali' (cynpyitecEiH), orb conjux (cynpjirb)j 
ca^-aZi- (cjiyqaBiHl, lenocToiBHulf), oti earns (ciy^l^BBp. 

§ 91. npBffipH fJiOBi Ha -ra u -la hi, roTcioii> Mdunt: 
aJc-ra- (masc, hmoh. aA;r^ « noje» ), lat. a^-ro-; tag-ra' (BieH. 
to^rr ntr, «cJie3a»), rpeq^ ^ciK-^v, cp. h4m. MA-r«; fag-^a-- 
(cnocotfeHH, KpacBBsH), sop. fag^ cp. Jar. fac : fac'^li-; lig- 
ra- (masc. «;ioase»), li^-a» (jexan), Kop. %; fmg-ra- (HieH* 
fing-rs, masc. ^najierji^^ Kop« fing=fang (saxBaTQBaTB, jio- 
BBTb), cp. ;tp.-Htii. /ait^r- (otir. fang-en <i(J!OBi!TB»); gtfA-ra- 
(bi Zaws-giffe-ra, hmch, laus-qitJi-rs «c^ njCTHH'B sajiyxRony 
Ton^ilf»), oTi gifA-w5 ((Jpioxo, yrpcKJa Marepeaa); haifH-ra- 
(hairtr ntr. «BByTpeHHOCTi)) ), ot'b Jlairto (ntr. «cepiiAe» ), cap. 
hrdaja^ ppe^. Kabila) hait-ra" (ropbBiM), Bop. Ut (KycaTt), ae- 
onpo^. heit-an^ crp» csp. iA^c2 (boioti); thvah-la- (BHeH« ^AooM 
ntr. c<i$aH4!»)9 rjiar. t^a^-an (shtb), cp. larcs. <i;a<<ey hiboack. 
f^aKita (ra^B BopAcs. i(^^ vvbtb, eTipaTB*, aaTopoe bi cbo» 
oq^pe^B cospnn^^HO h8i ^^Aa^^is, ep. npHWCT. thveg-inn); qith- 
la*- (bmm. gi^^r^ ntn «cjiobo»), orb qith-an (ronopniiBX cap. 
Kop* fcerffe, Hopjca. hmd^-a (Jcved-ja Q^EOMOffb))); «iiA?-Ha- (tfdii- 
]iro9), n«H. lynr. miA^i/s (ffopii;cH« f»iA:i!- <c6o.iBniol, cs.'CbHHB^, 
Hyx. p« cc^HZ» B3i *mikil'a lU^cpeAcuBOBS ^miM-r^, aop. 
Mtfty jiar. «ia^ (b.'b moi^-no- ccBejHsiS^X ^^P* i?^^* /Msy-a-iKo*; 
^nag-la-f KtLKh io2m> 3a!rj[».^HTb bo rjrarojry ga-nagl-jan {noa^ 
XeH'B npH(iBBaTbX cp. Htx. na^eZ (AP*-HiH. nagal)^ HopAi^fiu 
na^Z, Bop. ffo^ (cap. naA:^^, jiht. it(f^-«9, xp.-<Soir. hoi^'Btl* 
On HeHaBicTBaxi BopneS otfpaaoBaHGC iag^lor (niieH. to^i ntr.. 



G7««HSGB 01 -r» -2 Bl JIHT. fl 8. § 93. 273 

«BOJioeii»), cp. Ap.'Hibii. zag-d (xbocti^ za;ro« penis); fug-la^ 
(HHeH. /u^fo «nTB]iai>), ap^-h^^i. fug-al^ fok-aly fiopACK. fugl. 

§ 92. Bi JHTOBCKOHi usHst cy^^HBCH ei I ropasAO iHoro- 
wcieHHte oKOHqaHiS ci r; iiesAf CJiOBaMH 8Toro nocJi[iAHflro pas- 
pflAa ORa;^HBaeTca hAckoieko saHiicTBOBaHHHX'B. OitOQ^aflie -ra 
ocjia6ji<eTCii mfiovisk e m -rti: sked-rH (fern. «m.enBa, jiyqHHa»), 
riar. sMs-ti (hbi ^sJced'ti)^ Kop. sJdd^ rpeq. <rx*S' (o^/^«), 
CRp. cAid (^=^8kid); aus-rH (fern. <xfTpeRHM sapn))), rjiar. atis- 
t$ (pascBtTETb), cp. jiaT. aur-or-a; suk'^- (iiHeH. suk-rus «CBep- 
bjtbV, jiobeIKx)), rjrar. aUk-ti (Bepr&TB, EpyTBTB); $]!:2^&-r£p- (to- 
poDJiHBHO), OT*B skUbHntts (TopoDHTBC^r), cp. qeoicB. skub-ati 
(AepraTB), csp. ksuhh; tlk-ra^ (npasHB, npjittoB), rjiar. tlk-ti 
(roAHTiica); ed-ru- (npoxopjiHBHH)i sop. ad {izn)y mr. is-ti 
(h8t> ^ed'ti)j MT. ed-erB (ed-ax «o({mopjHBHH») h np. 

-^ori-us otipasyen cjioaa BTopocTencHHua: Uast-driw (o($MaH- 
iitB&%), OTi UaS'th (o^MaHi), aop. Jdad^ cp. ^emcs. u-Uad-y 
(ndflCKH, noACTeperanie); gaspad-drius (TpaKTHpn^HBi), oti» gaS" 
padh («TpaKTHpiy Bopwa» — qemcB. hospoda). Bi cjiOBaxi w- 
CTo-JiHTOBCKHXi yAapoHio wh TasoHi cjiy^at na^aen Ha -tf- (bi 

OKOHqaHlH), TOFAa-SaSl Bl CJIOBaX^ 3aHUCTB0BaHHUX*B npaBHJIBHO 

yAapaeTCfl cion sopeHHoB: ^^-oms (noBapi), JiaT. coquus 
(orb cag[ii-6re^, oiryAa H'bH. A^cA (cp. pyccs. nyxwiy ^eiocB. 
X;tteAyne=JiaT. coquina); druk-orius (ne^aTHHBi), Htx, (2ruA;- 
Jfcer; c^c-oWe^ (HMnepaTopi), rpeq. Keatrct^f h np. 

Gy^QBCi 'la: miglH (lyHaai) rpeq. c-/be/x-Aif, sop. migh^ 
esp. mi^y JiaT. ming-ere^ 6o.\v, Mkr-Ao; sm-la- (Hien. ^te^os, 
masc. <xHHTb»), riar. ^m-ti (intiTbX 031 *dtt;-^»y jibt. ^-6re(Ap.- 

(!OXr. UIH-TH, BBli ^lUHB-y Cp« UlbB-hl|b <ccanoxHBBix>, nojbCB. 

8zewc); iais'la- (bmob. j^ai^Joai masc. «Hrpa»), riar. iais-H 
(HrpaTb)y H3% ^iaid'th cp. pycca. «y()-iim«, qemcK. Ai^-^a (ly- 

BHSa); Bl HilCOTOpHXl CiOBaXl BCTaBMOTCII -5 H6SAy BOpHeM'b 

1 osoHqaiiexi: mik'S'la- (masc. f^^n^m^), onmok-lnti («cHa« 

18 



274 oyo«isoB 01 -r, 4. § 02. 

GTaBjiTBi y^TB», tfyBBSJiBHo: asacTaBjflTB 6mh vh cocTOfleiHA —*' 
^facere posse »--*oti mok-6t% «mo^b, ((htb bi cocTOABm^); pavdh* 
sAa- (masc. ccnpHHipiD)! riar. t;eij;-ji (A^iaiB), sop. t;i& ; mi- 
««2g (sar^AKa), Rop.mi»maii| FJiar. fnin-fi (AjHaTB), esp. man, 
cp. Ap.-tfoir. nzi-MA-Tb (^j>a-men-^^. 

GjosHHe cy^^HECH DpexcTaBj[flDTi -Zi-s h -Je, npoHcmexmia 
la^ -2'Ja-s H -Z-^'a: hves-ly-s (ina4^ap%), sop. jbe^ (opHraamaTB), 
TJiar. kv4s-ti; nas-l^-s (BAOBeiix)i lop. nas (Btponno bi aaa* 
^OBifl arepaTB))), cp. cap. naQ (norfl<$aTB); aug46 (HflBBSa), 
FJiar. dug-ti (c<pacTiii>) vh aug-le am rjrarojiBHaro Bopni aoji* 
XHo npoABOjaraTB aaa^eHie npiiqEmETOJBHoe); pus-U (nysHpB), 
itop. put (AyTB)y riar. pAs-ti; siu-U (moBi), on du-ti (idhtb) h np. 

FaemapeHByiD $opvy 9Toro cy<{)(|^iisca op^ACtaBaann osoflqa- 
Bia 'da-, -Ua-, -uLa-^ -di-, nesAy soTopttHB -eli ctSjusaetca ei 

GJiaBflHCfiHHH ^OpMaMH Ba 2 ( BHpasaDqilHH A*i^VCTBHTej[BHOe HpH- 

TOCTie Bpoin. BpoM.) : Mp-aia- (masc. «xife6ei^%, utOi^ X rjiar. 
ktp'ti (ne^bX Kop. kep=kap^ cooTBitCTByen caHcsp, pao^ 
pdk^ aai. coqr, ciaa. ncK- (neK-x^ fleonp. netu-TH); t^lr-oJo- 
(BapeBoe)^ on v\r-ti (fiapiiB), Ap«-((ojir. Ba|i-HTH; myi^ala^ (yno* 
Tpe($jiaetcfl o(SssHOBeflHO bi $opit aaox. vacjia: myz-aJLa-i 
«cypHHa»)9 0^^ i*^^!** m^^-^i (mingere); hUrh-ida- (masc. <kbo- 
AUBofi Dy3upB»)y rjrar. burb-4ti (<cDJ[ecEaTBCfl»--^npoBexosAOB]i[ 
BByso-noApaxaTeiBBaro); nu-^rlsh'di' (rm8o. tcpasopaaHHiiiSy o($op- 
fianeEi'B, loxaioTBHsxA), on nu-drlsk-ffH (6uTh o^opBanBHMi); 
pa-^Uk'di' (masc. <{cyHacmeAiDiH»)^ rjNir. pa-Mh-ti (coIath cb 
yia), Kop. duk (ysaasiBaerB na caBcsp. dus*^ xota soBdHEHfl co- 
rJiacHna ae coanaAann); pa-vhrg-uU* (oCtAHiBmifi), on rjiar. 
pa-vUvrg-H (o6iABiTBy ot^HBii^an), sop. varg^ cp. eaacap. varg 
(HS^traTB), AP«-<(oJir. BparL; dreb-^^- (ociaa), rjar. dreb-^i 
(APOXBtb), qeniCB« tfep-etati se^ cp. pycdc. mpm-emz, cp. Ap.* 
6oiT. Tpen-en (TpeneTHqa aarbar qnaedam, fortaBse popdas 
tremula^, MiMosich, Lex. Fftlaoosl 1000). 



275 

Oboiyibiii ei rjriBHHmi 8xsmbhtoii t (-ta^ 4ar^ -tra). 

§ 93. npi!xns»»mi6 CDxa cj^^bbcq o6pa3yi>Ti oahhi h81 
caxHxi XHoro^HcieHHHX'b paspflAOBi cjobi, cjarancB Bepijso c% 
][pyrHHH npH($aBO?HHHH 8jieMeHTaHH. 9th cy$({»HBcs pacnaAanTca 
Ha pasHHii caTeropiB, ev^Tpa no npHHHsaionieB ki hhm'b riao- 
H0B9 If xpyrBM'B, npRCoeAHHflDBtHHCJi Ri HHxi, 8i63!eHTaiii. Ilep- 
Boe xlCTO saiBHaen OBOHiaHie -to, Bummfi^ca no npeiiyn^e- 
CTBy xapasTepHCTHKofl npnaem upomeAmaro BpevoHH CTpa^a* 
TejibHAFO sajora, xon Tasoe saaqeBie bobco no cocTasiflen 
HCSJUO^BTej&Hol ero npenaAJesflOCTB. PaBBO kslk% cy^^Hscb -na 
(-ana) Kpoii'i npHqacm npoBiexoiaro BpeHeHH Bnpasaen h aP7- 
pU oTspanjieBU, bo BxoAmU n cocTaBi btoio npaqaciiai TaKHM 
se odpaaoMi i cy<{^tc<& -^to, vepBOEaqajiBBOy aouho 6un^ bojib- 
BOBBjiM (SoJiie o6mHpimrB Baaqo^ieux, qeni CBHAftTeiBCTByDr^ 
iBorifl OEaaqHBai)oiiiic4[ aa aoro cjoaa. Osonqaeie -ta^ cyAfl bo 
pacDpocTpafleBUD ero bo Bcftx'b orpacjjixi bbao - eaponeScBaro 
BieHOHHy 6uJio cBoIcTBOi BO yso Eam^My Dpafl39By, Bosni (Yergl. 
Gramnu IIL § 817 , 4^^ eip. 203) cqaraerb btoti cj^^bbjci 
coBUOCTBeBBBii^ CI TjBHoB yRaaaTeJBBol -to, coBOCTaBJiafl BBaqe- 
Bio CTpaABTejiBBoe ( s^OTopoo Roaewo ho sasJiDqaeTea bi yRaaa* 
TOJiBROM'B MicTOBiieiiii) ci» H3H<bB6fliex'B yAapeBU, naABDniaro Bi 
caAespHTt na OKoaqaBie {hhr-td (CAecoBBHR^, nop. hhar; §d'td 
«poxAOHHHB», Rop. ^nj cp.rpeq. (pv-ro-^ SesK'r6')» H ey^^BR- 
CH 'ti, 'tUf 'tar H pp. Bi pa3HHX!b OTpacjiBxi BecBHa pacnpo* 

CTpaHOBH. RopBH HBOrHX^ CilOB'B CB OROBqaBieHl 'ta Bl padBHXl 

jisiiiRaxi Bamero njueneBH bii BenaBicTBH, bjh TeHsaro npoHCXos- 
ffiBUL, npewyqecTBeHHO ace BiBSHRax^, ouBqaDniBxcir {^oaeTi- 
lecRHMi oeodeQBoeTByH. Gy$ij)BRCi -tar bi eaacRpnTt ot^pasyere 
le TOJBRO noBdina agentis (t. e. cy^ecTBBTeiBflHB, BBpasaD^U 
A^lcTBie cooTBftTCTBeHBHXx rJiarQioB'B)| HO H npaqacm tfjAJ* 
maro Bpeveav A^IcTBHtejiBBafo saiora. 

18* 



276 cyftonsoi -ta. % 94. 

B% CJiaBilH0*J[flT0BCR09 OTpaCJIH EpOlt TOrO 'ti ClfXHTl BH« 

paxenien HeonpeAiJieHHaro HaKjioHOHiff^ -rL vb jLp.-6ojirapCKoi% 
4i3HKii osea^aeT^L ^pny AOCTHraiejiBHyD (sapinum). 

OKOHqiHIE -to. 

§ 94, Bi caHC&pHTCKoi'B ASHKt -to otfpasyen npHqacTiii npo- 
ueAiuaro BpeveHH CTpa^aTejiBHaro aajiora; rasoe SKa^euie cy4»- 

$HSCa -to CBOBCTBeHHO H flSHKBHl cpoAHHMx; OROH^aHie npHCTa- 

BjflCTCx o6HKHOBeBHo BenocpeACTBeHHo Ri RopHi), npH qeui RO- 
Be^HO 4^0H6THqecKie saROBH yAepsBBaiOTCff bi CHjrb; y^apeHie 
saAaeTi Ba OROsqaBie; ri RopnjiMi, oRaeqiiBaDiiiHHCfl ua rjac- 
BHfl, -ta o6hrhob6bbo npHCTaBj^eTCfly ae hlbw^hbm RopeHHaro co- 
CTBBa: ci'ta (co(SpaBH£i8), on H (co6HpaTB); hM-ta (eA'bJiaB- 
BiiMcB), Rop. hM (tfHTB| cTaBOBBTbCfl ) ; ^{-to, Kop. nt (BecTn); 
i-to, Kop, i (h-th, JiaT. i-re); grwta Rop. gru (cJiumaTB); 

^-tttf ROp. ^ (cofitXAaib). npH ROpHAX^y ORauqHBaiDmHXCfl Ha 

-ar, a CRpaAUBaeTca: Z^^ar (xepsarb, BecTH)— &jir-to; X;ar (At- 
jiaTb)— A;r-to; mar ( y mh part) —mr- to. KoHewoe c h ^ nepeA* 
t nepexoAHT'b B!b k : tjag (ocTaajiaTB) — tjak-ta » mm (nycsaTB, 
ocfio6osAAi'B) — muk'tay hha^ (nojibaoBanciiy OhSRKbrh)^ bhak-ta 
(bi SHaq. «npeAaHuHMy BlpHuHj»). m z n nepeAi oROB^aBiex^ 
BUBBAaioTiy HBor;.a m oepexoARTi Bi n: ram (paAcsaTbcaiX 
ra-ta; tan (iBByu), to-to (pacuHyTuBi npoCTpaaHuS); fna» 
(ayMan), ma-ta; han (Chtb, ytfaBan)/ ha-ta; JAan (puTB), 
khd-ta (ci npoAOJuaeHi.M'B RopeuHoti r^acBoit); gam (hath), ga- 
ta; jam (npHHysAan) , ja-ta; gam (ycnoROHBaTBCfl) — ^nto; 
kam (j!id6btb), kdnta. t jh p RaRi Roaeqaue RopesBHe SByKH 
npHBHMaDT'B o6HRBOBeHBo -to 6erb HSM'bHenifl: cit-ta^ ksip-taf 
lip'ta, on RopBeBciJ (saxiqaTB* yanaBaTB), Jckp (6pouTh)^lip 
(uasaTB). EcTB h laisie sopna (TautB eanp. BCt^ npHBaAJiesaniie 
Ri lO-ny paapjiAy), ROTbpue npaBHianT^ coeAHHHTeiBHyD rjiaeflyD 
i; pat-i-ta^ Rop. pat (PBAaTb); cor-i-to, Rop. cur (fiopoaaTB). 



iWHf 



cy^ft. 'ta Bi GiffGKp. I 31BA* §§ 94 — 95. 2it 

Oco($Hfl 4^opiiH OKasuBSiDTCfl jtJTfl c^'bApii^nxi KopHeB: dd 
(xaTb), dat-ta (BMicTO npejinojiaraeMaro *dd'ta; npnnifHQ'B yjiBoe- 
Hifl, oOHapysHBaDiiiiflcfl hi cnp^seHiH SToro rjarojia, noBmaji'b 
H Ha oOpasoBaaie riarojia, Tas'B-KaKi dat-ta npoB30injio hsi VaeZ- 
ta); dhd (uacn) — %e-to (nocTaBJieHBuB, xopomiH, noiieaBaB) — 
BCJitACTBie ocjia($J!6Bifl KopoBBoB FJiaeHoB h Bnnycsa aa^aibaoB 
corJiacBofl; boao^bumi o6pa30M'i» ocjia^jeaa KopeaBaji rJiacBaHBi 

Sthi'ta H pttGf BOpB. Sthd (CTOHTB) B i^d (lIETb). 

IIpH KopHixi cb BaqajH>HEiMi t;a- a bi 6ojrBBiBHCTBi^ eiy- 
qaoBi cspaAHBaeTCfl h v nepexoAHT'B B'b u:vaks (pacTB) — uJcs- 
i'ta; vac (roBopHrt) — uk-ta (hbi *vk-ta); vad («roBapBTB») — 
ud'i'ta (BBAaiq.)! ^^^ ( npetiuBHTb , HO«ieBaTb) — t«H-to. GiOA^ 
npHBaA^ejKBT'b h v^ (TBaTb)i otfpadjioBiee u ta (3a BiiBjCKoaii 
KopeBHofi rjiacfloB). 

EopeHBUfl BBjfqBHfly sasi 8b;kb ROBe^Biie (-hhj -dh)^ BjiiiiDT'b 
H Ha 0K0H<iaBie: lah-dha (hbi *labh'ta), on Idbh (ooJiyqaTb); 
had'dha (aai %and%'ta)^ sop. handh (Baaan); Bopeob phal 
(pacByeKatbCii, i(BtCTH) HuioTi phul-la (h31 nepBo6HTH. "phal' 
na HOcpeACTBOui ynoAo6;ieHifl). HtsoTopHH b3X aTHxi npn^acTiB 
HMtnn SBa^eaie HacToaniaro BpeMeaB, ocotfeflBO npn naroJiaxXy 
HutoniBX'b SBaqeaie cpoABaro sajrora: sthi-td (CToaniiB), gak-ta 
(loryniiB), hht-td (6oBBiiBcfl), on kopneB sthd^ gaky bU. 

% 95. B:b ApoBue - ((aBTpiBcKOMi asHBi osoBqaBie -to asxt^ 
Birerb HHorAft nocjitAHDi) KopeHoyiD corjiacByiD, BopeHBafl rjiac* 
naii noABopraeTca aepi^AKO npoAOJixeBiK), coeADHBTejibnaH riae- 
Haa i BCTaBjaeiCH bi HCKJiD4UTejbBux'b cjijqnaxx; HBorie KopBH 
Ha 'ta 0Ba3BBax)Tca n SBaqeaiH BacTOBB^BXi cyn^ecTBHTeibBuxi). 
npHHftpu: dd'ta (AaHBEiH), oTi df(i=CKp. dd (upovii lovo data 
mMVLTh H «C0TB(fpeBBiiB», sop« dd = t)s,^. dhd; Kaa^ cy^e- 
CTBHTejibBoe (2({toBBpasa6T'b (xnojoseBie, 3asofli»); (ftf-to (xBa- 
jeHHufl, HOJiHTBa)^ on qtu (npeBosflocHTb) ; hu-ta (npoBcmeABiiBy 
coTBopeHHHB) y Bop. M (cap. IM); hu-ta^ sop. %t«(npoH3BO- 



278 cyfrftiBoi -ta. § 95. 

XHTBi npvctaBaiiTB), esp. 8u. IlepBOHaqanHoe soeetHoe -or ne- 
peA'B 'ta pasiaraoTCii na -e-re ; bar (H6crH), ftere*' to; kar (At-*^ 
lan), kere-ta; dar (AepaaiB), dere-ta; mar (lepen), iwere- 
to, cp. caHcsp. hhr-taj kr-ta^ dhr^ta^ mr-ta; BanpoTHBi: ^r* 
e-to, OTi (tor (cBflSQBan, uacTB, ({poeaTb), cp. ^Te-tkwavt 
(noeepraDmiH) , Kop* star^ lai. ster-n-ere; qar-e-ta^ sop. qar 
(cii^AaTB, ynaqTosaTB)* EoHoqaoe k nepoAi t aepexoAHTi b% 
cooTBtTCTBeHHjD npBAHxaTOJiBH;!): jukh'ta (coeABBOBBHl, sa^ 
BpjixeflHHR) , H8i *juk'ta , caflcsp. ^'u%*to , sop. ju^; aoJA-ta 
(roBOpeBBHKy CKasaflBHB), Kop. vac (cp. v fra-okh-taj; hathta, 
Bop. %ac (cjftAOBaTB, notyqaTB), cKp. $ac; ^aJch^ta, sop. (oo 
(BpoxoABTb)i cp. fra^gakh'ta («kto upomenx) »s «yaepmilx>). 
iBTy s H ( nepeA'B t nepexoABTi b^ s : fra-vars-ta riar« fra^' 
varez (yMBJOCTHBJiBTB, npflHBpBTB)| vareB — tt'f. varh; tara-ta 
{vh BBaqeaiH <cAposaB](iB»), viof. tarcQ^ cm^. tras ; pars-ta^ KOf. 
pareQ (cnparnHBatb), cK^.prach (DpH«u Bponi. hip.prstd); upa^ 
thwars-taf sop. thwareg (ptaaTB, coTBopiiTB)^ cp. Ap*"(SoJir. 

TBO(l-HTH^ TBO|>bl|h; VtS'ta^ BOp. vis (0($XBaTHBaTB). 

npBHlpEi npaqacTiB aa -ta, soTopsxi BopeBaaii riacBaa npo- 
AOXzaeTca: ham-jH-ta (coeABBeBBuS) coctobtb bbi npcAiora 
ham (csp* sam) h BOpH. ju (coeAflflflTB); drtl-ta (ai BBaqeaiK 
HacTOiiniiaro BpeMefls ccg'bxafl^iS))), Bop. dru; khrA^ta^KOf. khru 
{6un cTpamBHMX, DOBpexAaiB); (r^-to (cp. fra'Qfii-ta)^ sop, 
QTu (ciHBiaTB); apajukhrta (oTJioseBHHB) , sop. jug (cosai- 
bbtb). HepiAao npoAOJisaDTca Aase npeA-iorB: vi-cr^-ta (co($- 
CTB6flB06 flxii), FJiar. vi'Qru (fiesA'b cJnnmaiB); frd-ja^ta (coBep- 
nieflBnB)| oti fra-jam (bocoboB sbjb^ bi sopai OT^pacHBHeicji, 
psBBo sasi Bi caHcspflTi); frd-kercQ-ta (coTBopeBBuB), on 
fra-karet. Bb zd-ta ( poa&AdBBiiB) , on sopa. zan^ csp. gan, 
AOJiroe a o^BBCBBeTCA BHsycBoii soBevBofl corjacBoB. 

EcTB Tasze npHitpH, ta^ bi {^opiit Bpflvaciifl coBpameBa aoi- 
raa BopoBBaii rjiacflaa: fri-ta (Jii)($ieBflfiB)^ rjiar. fri (cjuotfiTB 



oyftOHKoi -to Bi AP«-BiKTF. II. §96. 379 

&peB08B0caTL»; apjtm (|opMft ci apHABxaBien ecn /V't^<Aa 
ciHjraB| j[K)(SoBb»; BcrptqaaTCii Bnpoven h /rS-to bi ^t«9»md- 
/H-to cniTaeHHR napavbi BacnsABDoiiBci napoHX»); mi-to, 
on md (aiipBTb)); riacHaa BpoMt CM>Rpan(efliB ooABeprjiacB en^o 
06aa($j[6Hii>; coBepmeHBO anajioruiiHHK tohj npaitp'B npoACTaBuen 
CKp. $tM'ta, on stM <x6TonB>»9 spoit mitaf orb md «]iftpHTB»); 
6lca-ta (BMten saa^eBie cy^ecTBHTejiaaro: «((yepasiy OBpar%»)i 
Kop. skd (oTAiUTfc, oTjyvaTb); ras-ta^ Kop. rdz (tfjiecTtTBi 
opHBOAHTb Bi nopiAOKi), csp. rdg (BCTp'bqaeTca h rdsta)^ h np. 
MHorifl opHqacTii HMton sHaqoHie eyntecTBHTeJSBQX'B, doao(Sho 
EaRi Bi caBcapHTl: o^-to (noeiaHBHKi), Bop./a(- (batb, abh- 
ranGAi> — cp. cap. M-ta ^BicTBisi)), eotfcTB. <xnoojaHHa9x>); 
t?d-to (Btiepi), Kop. t;d (ajtb), cap. vd-ta (ven-tu-s), aep- 
eiACK. 5(1(2; rd'ta (noAapoai), sop. rd (Aaaan); khsntl'ta 
. (Hiier& Bfla^eHie cyniecTBHTejiBHaro h npn^acm: (cjAOBJieTBope-* 
fliex) H «(fAOBj[eTBopeBHHK»)y sop. khsnu; ciQ-ta (MyApocn), 
OTi cit (Aaaan, AyaaiB, HSB'boiaTB), cp. eap. (M-as (Ayni 

paayxi), on cit h up. 

HtKOTopHfl j^opMH Ba -to npeACTaBJiiDn h nomina agentis; 
Bi TaaoHi cjyqat -to odMcaaeTca hbi nepBOHaqajBflaro '^to/ 
(BHoycBOHB nocjitABel corjiacfloB): dd-ta («TBopeii'B», HaeH. ddt6, 
BHBHT. dd-tem), sop. dd; cap. (2M (cp.HApyrifl j^opvH: Hxei. 
ddtd, BHHHT. (Zd^arem, saar. nax* dd-tarey a op.); iere-to-r 
(HOCBTejiB)y BHBHT. hcre'te-m , aop. bar (aeeTn), cap. &Aar-tor; 
mere-to (noBBa^ifi), aop. mar (Rai^^mar^; /Va-mre-to (upo- 
it fra-vare-tar (cB-bpynniiBy npaaflaDqit*); odg-ta (ccapari, 
npBTftcBHTejLBX), MHOS. ^HCJi. i^'ta)^ apoat ((i^-^or (BiaAt- 
tejB, destfosBHB), hm6H. hbos. ^dQ-tdr-d (aop. ((tnA (xflacTaa*- 
JuiTB3»y %am-(($n% (cflpBEa3HBaTB)>) a np. 

§ 96. Bb rpeveeaoai asHaft oaoaqaflin eaHcapHTcaoay -to 
cooTBlTCTByen -ro- (yAapaexoe, paaao aaai a bb caHcapark); 
xpoaft Toio -ro- (Aaa seaca. poAa -m) otfpaayerB aaoseciBO 



280 c7ttOHKo% 'ta. § 96. 

cy^ecTBHTeiEHBii. npntpH: r^iTt-ro' (repTHl), Kop. rf^jS* 
(sBjiiHafl yoojio6ieHa crtiyioiiiel OTSByqaoR); ifze^'^o' (eoxjie* 
jeiiH£(9y MHJuaRX oti t/JLe^-, rjrar. li/si^oo (chjibho sejian); (ru^- 
ro' (Taii{B[Miii8 ), rjiar. av^oo (ramy); ^At>-r/- (bbmhthA), rjiar. 
^rAu-vflD (mod, wmy), Kop. |rfi*; tntocq-ro- (nocbflRHuS), rjiar. 
(nrelf'oo (hbi ^cnre^-joo); (pdt-ro- (RcnopqeHHsS, ciepTHHfl), Kop. 
^&/-: war. (pS'l-vco^ (p^loo (Hc^eaaD^ rHtJay); (pbo^-ro- (no- 
BpexAeHHHff, y($HTQKy BpeAHEiH), rjiar. (pBei^^oo^y (pevK-ro- (Ha6i- 
raeMEiff, Hs^taHuI), rJiar. (pevy-oo^ sop. ^uy-; u-fx-^-^o^o- 
(6e3CM6pTBH8| CBflii^6HQHH)=caHCKp. a-mr-to, Rop. mar (yiie- 
pen), cp. H ixo^-ro' (cHepTHsS); 7re7r-ro- (cBapoHBBB, yAO((o- 
CBapHVHfi), KOp. ^e^=^«c (grfo-cra) «BapK), neKy » = V«c-;j»), 
cap. i^ac, cp. ^aA;-t;a (apt.iHil), hbi *pa&-te (Ap.-(Joar. Kop. 
n6K- : neK-x); (pcc-ro- (cKasaaHnB, BupasHiiHii), sop. (pcc-: (pn- 
/LCI (roBopK)); ^fi'TO" (ai cpeAo. p. «^9f-ro-y» ((CsaaaHBoe, Hapi- 
iieHie»); Kop. ^£-; Au-ro- (paaptoeaHuS, ocBctfoxAOHHiiBX on 
hvoo; XsK'To- (co6paHHH8), sop. A^y; kAu-to- (cjaBflHH, otu«i- 
hqB), Rop. xAu (cJiumaTB); K^i-ro- (H36[aiiHHif, o6cyxA6HHEiB ), 
ROp. K^t (k^Ivco <cptii[ai)»); xr9j-ro- (apij6ptT6HHaB), Rop. ktoc- 
(KToc-o/jLoci «npio(JptTaD»); Tifjivro" (noqieBeafi), rjar. ri/u«-«; 
rfjiti'TO' (paaptsaBHufl), Rop. r^/x; Tteixn-ro- (nocMBHuB), sop. 
'TfBiJLTt' (TfifxTT-oj «nocHJiai)»); KeTg-ro- (TOHKifl, rii6RiB)y Kop. 
Ara*: A^TT-d? (o($«j[yn-aK), cHBuaH) uoxy); Ita^-ro- (ButqeHHuB, 
HSi'bqHHHB), Kop. loc' (iccTfjLocs <icj!i«iy, nonpaBjiaK)»); byn-ro" 
(cvepTHnB), sop. dciv\ i>sa-ri- (BOBysAeBBuB, pacTAHytHB), 
Kop, i?^',i?^'Oi), lA«u-y-a) (roBD, npotfaaaio, tAy); av-ftc-Jb-re- 
(<cB6BHAaufliiBy BeotfxaBjreHBuB)) — saRi cyn^ecTBHT. Hyz. poAa aaa- 
^HTi «aHeRAOTi)>), Rop. (Jo- (il'^oo'ixt «Aa»»); mtXi-ro- («bu- 
cymeBBHB, cyxoB», ro (TKeKe-ro-v cvyiiifl, CKejieTi»), riar, m^AAa» 
(Hseymai)); roK-e-ro- («poxa^bhhB»— c roKeroff <itpoAH»), Rop. 
reK=tak {xiKr'oo)^ H np. 

npHHtpH cyqecTBHTeabHflxi aa -ro- (-ni): bdv-x-ro" (masc. 



cy«ftHKOi -to Bi rpsq. its. § 96. 28t 

«ccvepTi»), ROp. dccv'^ cp. a^o-dv^f-m-o) (yiHpai)), npocT. aop. 
UTr-i-dotvoy {6jjL. Bpei. dTfo'^ccv-ov/jLcci); (rr«y-F-ro- (made. 
«sanifl»), Kop. (rray- (sanarB), rjiar. arct^oo (hsi ^arecy-joo); 
yufx-e-rit (aasoHHafl sena), sop. yecfx (ya/jiiw ((Bcrynan b'b 
(Spafii^y ycc/x-off c($pa», CBaAB6a»); «i^x-n (3a($opi, TDpbva), 
Bop. /fx-; Kcifx-ct-ro" (luasc. (cTpyA^, yTOiiiJeHie»), Bop. tccc/ji: 
Kcc/xvoif (yTOMJHDCby ycTaD); jS^cv-rn (rpoB^), Bop. /3fff/Lc («ffly- 
itTB, (>ymeBaTBx>); xo/-r>7 (.loxe, nocre^ib), Bop. x»=xi (cBp. 
(t <cjiezaTb»)9 xfT-jLccc/; o^ux-nf (flia, pBTBHHa), rjiar. o^<r(» 
(Konai>, pon); Tf^Z-ro- (nepBEi8), npoBsonuo otx BopeHuaro 
^fo=CBp. 'pra (cp. Boppy Gloss. 248, b) h np. 

Gyj^^HBCx -rtif otfpaayen nomina agentis, opHHaAJiezaniiji si 
paspBAJ tJLWh nepBHqflHxi hjih BTopocTenoHHux^. (Op. Q. B&hler^ 
Das griech. Secundarsuffix -rtiff. OottingeB. 1853). IlepBHq- 
HHMi -mr 0Ba3UBaeTCH eanp. vb cj'bjiyioii^HX'b cjioaaxi: Tfotti- 
rns (cTHSOTBopeiii), rjiar. Tfo^-m (a'^jibd, cowhjik)); ^-rvr^ 
(yioiflnniil o npoiqeHiiiX ^^P* ^~9 i*^^^* iK-vl-o/jtcci (npexozy, 
jsomd); Khhi'ms (sopi), xop. xAe^ (RopoBaTb), rjiar. xA^^- 
r-a> (xAffTT- Bi nepBOBaqajibHon saaqeuiH Bspaxajio coaxBarn- 
BaTb», cp. qemcB. Jdep-eto (cpaaoHafl Bjemfla»); xujSf^vif-nf^' 
(BopuqiH, opaBHTejib), oti rjiar. Kv/ie^vocM (npaB.iv>, ynpaajiBi)), 
iM.guherno; ^o^-rifF (roBopBmil)i sop. ^tv* (<pii-/Lc/ <(roBopK)»); 
hft'trrd'Tfiff (BaqaabHHBi, npaBBTeJib)| rjar. i<P'l(mjfjtt (CTaBJiD, 
yqpezAAK)), Bop. orct, CBp. s^M (cToan); -(ici-ms («bto xo- 
Ahtxd) Bi CJtoxHHX^ rpynnaxiy cp. ax^o-jSo^-nf^, Ke^oc'/ioi-rtiff 
Bop. /3(», csp. ^<!{(hath); dTf-ef^'Tfic (oTroHBomiH), Bop. lAo^- 
(lA^'flo); im-bi'Tfis (otfHaHD^HBi, DjyTi), war. eTn-ri'dfi'iAt 
( uasJiaAHBaDy aajiarai)), sop. de- csp. dhd; (T(poiK^nf\s (y6i8- 
na), OTi nar. apd^a) (ydHBai)), bbi *a<Pccy'j»j Bop. cr^o^y; 
c^AiFu-r^^ (pii6oJiOBi)| rjiar. d^jevoD (jobjii) pn6y) h np. 

BTopHqHHMi -nr^ OBasHBaoTCfl aanp. bi ciiiAyDfli(nxi cjio- 
Baxx: 7to>d-ms ( rpasAABHii), on 'noXss (ropoAi»)i sop. par; 



282 oyoftKKci -to. § 06. 

lAecl-ms (nocpexHHRX, npuepHTeJB), orb npiJiar^ fxhof (epex-^ 
His), npoHcmeABiaro on ^mad-jo (cthxotb« ixicr-co-^ osp. madk' 
ja); Auf/-(r-'n/V (HrpaiojqiS na jiHpi), on Av^x (JiHpa); ic^v/a^- 
nj; (nocejiiBHHi, cocix'^), on xoifof (ceJio, A^peBHJi), sop. ki-, 
cp. Ksl'fjicct (lexy, Haxoz]fcb), csp. sop, (t; Ke^dc-rtiff (pora* 
thB, sHtfl), on K£(-ccff (porx), Jiai. cornu; i^k^-rns (cnopinff&i)| 
on z^is (cnop'By ccopa); iitTto^fi^ (opaBumiB K0J[ecHHue8| "is- 
Aop), on "htTTos (jiomaAb); i^oi-rtif (patfoTHHKi, seMOAtJiem), 
on gfyov (p^fy-ov «aAjio, patfoTaD); «-^c-n/^ (crpiioKi )| 
on ro^ov (cTptJia)y h np. 

Apjryn pacmHpeHHyD ^opvy cy4»$nca -to npejiCTaBJiflen 
-rtir-9 osHaqaDiQee OTBJieqeHBna cyfl^ecTBHTejfBHHa seHcsaro poAa, 
KOTopH^, tfyiy^H o($pa30BaHEi H^i npHiaraTOJibHHXib, opBHaAJie- 
san Ki cjioBawb BTopHqHHn; HMeHHTeibHiiB ouHqiBaoTca sa 
-njf, poAHTejbHHB Ha -niiroff: fAocrus-O'Tfir' (hii6H. fAotroL$otif\£ 
vcyoTa, 2ersoincjiie»), on fjtoiruios (HanpacHaS, iniieTHHl); 
jwt-xo-'mr- (hmoh. KccKotfjfff poA. KUKortiroff <KHeroAHOCTb, hh- 
qT0SH0CTb»), on KC6K0S (HorOABuB); lAobK^o-rnT" (AUEai AOiro- 
Ta)y on fAUiK^os , (ajihhhhB), sop. fMsie; 9e(3(Ao-r9|r- (spacoTa, 
npHuqie), on xct^cV (spacHBHB), cp. vemcs. A;aJj^; o/jtotormr- 
(cxoACTBO> OAHHaBOBOcTb), on ofxoso^ (cxoahhB, noxosiB); /3/a- 
Tifr- (xHBHb), OT-b /3/op; daBv-rfir' (riy^HHa), on (ioc^c 
(riyfioKiB); xaTsffno^mr- ( ipyAHocTb, aecToaocTb), on %«A«ri?V; 
ccK^o'TfiT' (spaBHOCTb, CBHuB BOHOit^bX on ^K^O^ (caHHB BH- 
coKiB, — BepxHiB); oKo-mr- (ii'bJiocTby coBOsynHocTb), on oAo^ 
(Becby iiiJiHB); f\Sv"n\r* (apiaTHOCTb, cnAOCTb), on f\^vs (uaA- 
KiB); x^trro'Tfir- (nojiesHOCTbt roAHOCXb), on x^trro^; «>«>. 
mr- (cKopocTb), on (wcJ^; xw-rj^r- (aycTOia), on KsvUii np. 

Tasair pacmnpeHHaa j^opHa cy^^HKca -to otfiacHaeTCH, ops 

CpaBHeniH Cl COOTBtTCTBeHflHMH 4>0piiaHH B!b eaflCRpHTCSOHl H AP«- 

tfasTpiBcson asHsax'b, an nepBonawuHaro -to-<i; Tas'b nanp. 



oy«ftvsoi -ta. g§ 96 — 97. 288 

Vh caHespHTft Bi BexaavecsoHi flSHS'b Bcvptwirrcfl cioBa: dSvch 
tdti'^ (ftepTBE, 6osecTBo; Bopp^ Yergl. GraHmu IIL 221), on 
dSva (((ori); arista'td-H («<$63onacHocTB, i^^jioctb^, cp. B6M. 
& Both, Skr. Wtb. I. 414), on arista (BesoBDesAeHHEB, i^i- 
ihB); sa^a-td'ti' (npaBAiBocn), on satja (npasAHBaB^ na- 

CTOAfllifl). Bl ApOBBe*((aKTpiBCKOH!B II8HK% eiOBa Ha 'td'ti {Vb 

(opxft M^^ BCTpi^aDTCfl flepiABo: pof/^ru-tdt (nowoTa), on 
pouru (bojbhB, iBoroqBCJieflfloB); ^are^s-tdt (dHCTpoia, cso- 
po6TB), on TOSAecTBOHHaro no BBaveHii) isare (a BcraBJieno; 

TaBBB BCTBBKa JCHaTpHBaeTCa BOptABO H Bl Jkfjrm SiZUKtX^: 

cp. rpoH. ^e-tr-ro' « BQCBotfjeHBuB^ T6eaBHHfi», on ^i-oo ccbo^jd, 
rias;»); fratema-tdt (rocnojiCTBo), on fratema (nepBsB); 
drva-tdt (3Aop(ffibe), on drva (spftnBiB, SAopoBsB), cKi^.dhruva 
(Ton-se caiHB BopoHB otfaapysHBaetca bi xp*-($ojir, ci-Apais-i); 
usta-tdt (c^acTie), on tista (6iaronojryqie); hunare-tdt (AO($po- 
A^tojib), on hu^nara (xopomee cboBctbo; hu «xoponiiB», h 
nar aqeioBftBi^); Qii-tdt (eymecTBOBaiiie), otb gti (rBopoflie, 
coTBopoHie), sop. ^d (gtobtb) h np. Sa&i bbabo, Bct yno- 
MsyTHJi BA^CB eioBa npHBaAiezan Bi paspBAyBTopocTeneHflfixi. 

§ 97. B% MTHBCBOMi idfiRft oBOHqftHie -to f-to*y Bi EMea, 
'ius) o((pa8yen, vb coriacii ci caBCspHTOX'B, npaqacTui npo- 
moADiaro BpeMeeH CTpaAareJiBBaro aaiora; npBCTaasa bi ria- 
roiBHOiy BopHD OKOflqafliii -to BJiBen sepftAKO sa coctbb'b bo- 
poBHaro soxnjieKca, o qeu cBBA'^TejiBGTByDn — victeB Biinyc&i 
KOBoqfloB corjacBoB, ynoAO($j[6Hie -t npeAmecTBynnieB corjacaoB 
H nepexoA'B nepeA'B t SByqaaxi eorxacBiixi b!b OTBByqBSfl. 

npvHftpH: etd'tO' (hioh. cul-tus)^ rur. colere (BosAftJEiBaTB, 
noqHTBTB); eau-to- (hsi ^cav-toX Bop. cav : cav-ere ((^epeqBCB); 
duc-t(h^ Kop. duC'f due -ere (boctb); al-Uh^ sop. oZ : al-ere 
(nHTBTB, BopHHTB); im-jpi6^t(h (HanoxBfiBHflfl), rur. implere^ 
xop« pU=par; cap-to^^ sop. cap^ cap-ere (saxBaraBaTB); foe- 



284 cyftftHKCb -to. § 97. 

tOf BO p. fac (Atjan); (2a-to| sop. da (xarB); cre(2-i-to-| sop. 
cred (etpHTb), cp. caHCutp. grot-; vet-i-to-^ Kop. t;e< (Vetore 
«3anpemaTb»). 

npHHipn ;noAo($jieHifl aByqanxi cjitAyDuteiy t : lec^to* (h31 
*leg-to)j Kop. Ze^ (codHpaiB^ qHTan), rpeq. A^-; ac-to^^ aop. 
a^r (ABHraib, reaTB); scrip ^to*^ Bop. scrift (aBcaTb); jpic-io- 
HS'B *pig'tO'), Bop. j7i^ (H3o(SpasaTb, nflcaib spacBaHB), csp. 
jpif; teC'tO' hsi *to^-to-| Bop. fe^ (uoBpHBan); auc-to-^ Bop. 
aMjT (yBBOsan), cp. csp. ogh'a (hhoz6ctbo); lap -so- 
(031 7a&-to-)y Bop. Ia& (cocBOJibBaTB, naAarb), ueonp. lahi; 
sur-rec-to-j bsi ^suh'Teg-to-^ Kop. rc^ (rjiar. surgere =^ sub- 
rig 'ere <cnoAHVHaTbCBy BCTanaTb^); con^vec-to- m% ^cum-vagh- 
to'f Bop. veh {ss%agh b'b nepBO($HTBo8 ^opit) c(Be3TB» — cap. 
vah; traC'tO'f Bop. <ra^ (saBi bhabo, H3^ ^tragh- ccTa^HTB, 
BJi6^bx>) H np. 

EopeflHoe t^ aepiABO b d! ci cjiftAyvntHH^ ^ cjiBBaK)TC£ bi 
tf«sS5 (i(f BCJiiACTBie pacnoAo6j6fliii cnepsa nepeoiJio bi 5^, a 
sa-rbii BJiiffHiei'b yooxotfJieBiB bi 85^; fas^so^p H31 "fat^tO', sop. 
/*af (npBSQaaaTbCB), faUtri (noAO(!HH» o^pasoMi npoBsomjo con- 
fes-m- «DpB8BaHie», bsi *cum-fat-tio); fis-so- (B3b *fid-to-), 
Bop. /!({ (BOJioTb, qenaTb), rur. find^ere, cap. &Aici; ag-gres- 
80- (H3!b *ad-grad-to-), Bop. ^rad, rJiar. ag-gred-ior (aaana- 
Aai)x>; Bi ag-gres'SO' npoBCXOABJio ABoKaoe ynoAotfieHie); gt^a^- 
80-, Bop. 2mij- (noTpBcaTby ToiEaib); dis'ces'80'., Bop. ceel 
(bbbi cyn^ecTBBT. dis-ces-stis^ poiBT. dfisces^u^ «0TCTjnjieBi6y 
yAaieHie»); pas-so-^ Bop. jptrf (lepniTb) —-j?a<ior. 

Ilpfl Texaxi Ba -(2 (ocotfeBBO, 6C4h Dpe.7.niecTByeTi eme co- 
rjiacaaB) npoHcxoARn coKpamesie RopHa BCj^ACTBie BHoycBa 
8To8 corjiacaoS : vt-so' (hsi vid-to), Bop. vid (BBA^Tb); mor" 
$0' (bsi *mord-to-), sop. mord (Byearb), bsi *fnard; lae-sa-^ 
Bop. laed (noBpesABTb); tun-so-^ sop. tad (yAapBTb, toiou)^ 
Beonp. timd-eref Bpom* spei. tu-tud-i; sm-so- upoBSomJio BS'b 



oyftovRC^ 'ta b% jiat. as. §^ 07. 286 

^sdd'tOf Bop. 8cid (ApftTb, kojiotb), csp. sop. chidf rpeq. (r^iii 
ac'Cen-so^ (aaszeHonH), HaHiaeHo h3% ^ad-cand-to-, Kop.^caikZ 
(tfHTb 6'bJHXx, (jiHCTaTb), csp. can(2; fA'SO-^ bo p. /tid (jihtb, 
npoiRBaiB), HeonpeA. fund-ere; de-fen^so-^ hsi de-fend-to-^ Kop. 
de-fend- (saniBmaTB) h np. 

t; Basi ROHe^Haii EopoHBafl corjiacHajr nepeAi t nepexoAvn 
B^ «, HRorAA H 0T<$pac»BaeTCir: wJe^-Jo-, Kop. t;o2t; (eopo^iaTb, 

SaTHTB); SClil'tO'f sop. SoZt; (OTBaSUBaTB, DJaTBTB, 0CBO($0XAaTb); 

laU'tO' («hhthB», HMterb Tasse SHaqeflie « BejiHb'oi-bnBHlf, npe- 
EpacBBl»), Rop. lav (aun); nanpoTBBi: fS-to-^ oti fov (narpi- 
BaTBy corptBaTB, ooBpoBflTeiBCTBOBaTB), fleonp. fov-ire. 

HocoBHO BesopeflBue SByKH Bpn o^paBonaBiB 8Toro npiqacTia 
o()HicflOB6Uflo OTMBTaDTCB; To-se caMoe ((HBaen h ci BctaBoq- 
BHBi -5C- : spre-tO'f Beonpej. sper-n^ere (oTBepraiB, npenefipe- 
raTB); strd-to-j fleoap. ster-n^ere (^pascTHJiaTB*; Kop. star; 
vb otfoHX'b BopflBXi BpoH3om.ia nepecTaooBKa bi cjiort -ar); 
tac-to-f Beonp. tang -ere (AOTporHBaTBCB), spom. sp. te-tigi 
(m "ta-tag-i); frac-tO'^ Beonp. frang-ere (joiaTB); viC'to- 
BeoDp. vinc-ere (aofiteiaTB); pic^to-^ on ping-ere; reHic-to- 
Ti. re-linqu-ere (xocTaBJiBTB) np. Ectb finpiqeii h TaKia 
^opiiu Ba -to-, TA'b BesopeBBoH bocoboM BBysi yAepxHBaoTCB:itiiic- 
to-, Beoop. jung-ere (coeABBHTB), xoTir BopeBB=itt^ (cKp. jug); 
re'-stinc-to-f seonp. re - stingu-ere (TjniBTB, racBTB), sop. stig 
(cp. Bfti. er-stick-en « saAHxaTBCii, noAaBHTBCBx>); tinc-to-j bo- 
oop. ting "ere (tinguere «BpacBTB»X ^^P* tig (cocToaqifl vh 
cbbsh c% to^^; rup'to-j fleonp. rumj^-ere (jioNaTi>, cpHBaTB). 

Bunjca'B BciaBoqaaro -sc : cre-to-f flacT. Bp. cre-'sc-o (pacry), 
npom. Bp. crt'Vi; qui-i-to- (vEpnaV, noBoBsuR), vi. qui-ese^ 
ere (oTAHxaTB, noqaBaTB), Bop. qui = iM, cnp. ^ (.lemarB); 
nd'tO" (BSBtcTBuHy BflaBOiiiiH), riar. nosc-ere (nosaaBaTB, yaea- 
BaTB)| H3i *gnO'8C'^ Bop. gna^ csp. gnd. Bi em-p-tOf Beonp. 
em-ere (ooBjnaTB) BCTaBieHo p (sop. em- cdjBsaeTcii ci ap*- 



286 oy^ftHKOi -to« § 97. 

tfoir. HMOTH <cBSflTi» — CKp. jam); ges^to n us-to- npiHa^ie- 
xarB Ri HoonpeA* ger^ere (hochtl) b f^r-era (se^B). 

%eTo BCTptqaDTcfl H tadfl cjobe na -to-, soTopux^b coot-* 
B^TCTBeHHHe KopHH HM yTpaqoHH, ui no-KpalneS nipt BecBia 
coMHBTejBHH : mul'to (iiHoriB)y sop. mtd-^ 6Qn losen, ysa- 
BUBaeTi na caHCsp. pur^ vb pur-u (sHOriM), sop. par (aanoi- 
HflTb); fa-tO' (ntr. <iccjAB6a»), BipoATHO on KopH. fa- (cp. 
/a-ri <xroBopHTBy BiQaTB»)y cDAa npHMHRaeT'B Htn-fa-n^ (cpe- 
tfeHOKi)!, oo6cTB. ccHeroBopAiiiiflx)); hor-to- (masc. cceax^^); o($i- 
jicBeflie HrB ^for-tO' (TaKVEasi h n fvh jaT« as. Hap^ABOve- 
peAjOTca), CKp. var (aoKpyaaiB^; cji4a. /5>r-to-«>=f;ar-<a «OBpy- 
seHHoe, oropoxoHHoe iiftcTO») fleB'bponTHOy las'B-saR'B csp. v 
HO losoTi* BnpazaTBca Jiar. /*— cooTBtTCTBOHEHfl repHaHcufl h 
ciaBABCsU ^opiti ycasHBaDTX la gar : ap.-h%h. car^to^ gar-to^ 
XP«-^pH8. gar da^ aeri. gar-dm, cp. AP**<^0Jir. rpa-^^ {jun^gar" 
du); nocji^AHee otf'BaCBeHie noATBopsxaeTCii rpeq. xo^^ro-ff (3a« 
roposeHHoe m%cto, sactsa), bi soTopoiii % iozho npsHiTB sa 
HsiiHeHBoe nepB0((aTH00 gh; lerhto^ (]iej(J6HHBR), Kop. len (co- 
cToerB Bi 42BHBH ci Zen-id <cKpoTBiB, TBXiBi>); 2tM^-^a (((opB({a), 
OTi BeisBiCTHaro BopHjr; maC'to- (qTHuaB^ BejaqaeiiQll, cqacT- 
mbhH), H8% *mag'tO'; BeynoTpetfjEfleimB sopoBB ma^ otfeapy- 
sBBaoTCJi €01(6 Bi f^a^^iio^ (B6JflKiH)| cap. Bop. mah (asi 
nMgh); Id-to* (mirpoKiB)'— le EtAen HHqero otimaro t^lat-ere 
(cKpHBaTBCir, 6fiTB CBpHTHii); m^-tO' (fltaoB); h ciow poT" 
ta (Bopoia), ($EiTB HOsoTii npHHaAiexan £iDAa, TaBvBaB<B e^Ba- 
jiH MoxHo c($Jiii3HTB ero ci rut. portare ( hocth ) — esopie oho 
otfiacHaeTca npn conocTaBjieaiH ch caacBp. vart (BepTiTBca); 
ir-ri'to- (eeAibBcTBiTeiBBnB, OeajcniniflHB), H3!b ^in-ra-to-^ sop. 
ra, cp. reor^ ratus (cyAHTB, pascyawaTB, AyiaTB), oxiyAa npo- 
HcxoAHn H rati'On' (padyH'B); si-to- (iesantiB, HaxoAan^iBea)^ 
Bop. si^ cp. fjar. signer e (cp. % po-sirto- «ni)CTaBJ[6BHaB» on 
po-nere n% ^po-ri-ner^^^post^ere); stiA-to^ (^MyDBt^ (tosyx* 



bhI»— HeiTBBtcTHaro npoHCXoJtAdBiji); vas-to («iiycTo8, orpoM- 
hhBi>; h »to cjiobo TOMHaro npoHCxoxAenw; npeinoioaefli© o 
BopH* vast MftmaerB rpynaa BOHe^AHXi cowacBHX'B, yBasflBaio- 
pafl HecoMHtHBO Ha cjio»HOCTb BopeHHoro coctaBa; 6un losei^ 

fHiS'tO CtOITl BH« ^Vat'-to). 

npHiftpH cjOBi ex BTOpocTcneHHHHi -<o-: arhuS'tO' (HMen. , 
ar^bustum «itcTO, r^t HacaaeHH A^peBba, AepeBO»), oti 
arhor (AepeBO); arhor-i-to- (Titt.) = arbus-to-; frutee-to- 
(hjh fruti'tO' ntr. («itcTO, nopocmee ByciapHHSOM^, kjcti»), 
eti frutex (oMpucBt, bjcti); jus -to- (cnpaBeAJiHBHB), ow 
jus (npBBo); vduS'tO" (ctapHH), on vett^s (Ap.-Cojir. eerb^); 
fur* to " (ntn «BopoBCTBO, Bpasax)) npHHSKaen CKopfte m^ 
cyoiecTB. /idr (Bopi), ^w Biraar. fAr-dri (BopoBarb); can- 
didd'to-- (masc. aiiiiyii^iB licxa, BaHAHUTi^, co6ctb. «OAi- 
wB B^ ()'b2oe»), OTi candidus (((jecTfliiiiB/ (SticiB, cbItjhB), 
Bop. cand. TaBofl-aw cy$$HBcs yciaTpHBaexca bi pasfliixi cjio- 
BBn Ha ocRCBEXi H yH^piBcKHXi naHHTHHsax'bi cp. OCBCB. saah" 
tu- (cbbtoB, cBHmeHBHfi), JtBT. sanc-tO' (Kop. saC' cp. sac-er); 
fB6p. ur-to* ^or-to-y mt. or "to- (npoicnieAffliH), Bop, or- 
yii(5p. screi* - to =■ Jiat. sorip-to h np» (Op. Schleicher ^ Com- 
pend. § 224, cxp. 439). 

CaH6KpHT€K0«y 'tA'-H K AP« ^^BBTp. tdtf BBBl BTOpOCTeSefl?- 

BOBy cy^^HKcy, cooTBtiCTByen BecbHa ^acio ynoTp^tfjaeBoe -tdti" 
(-t^^-)i o^paayiDDJiee OTfijieneHHEUi (SyqecTBHTejibBBtH seHOsaro 
po^a; ^xoBa Ba -to- otipaByDTi se ptABOi ci taBBBi-s^ ana- 
BtflMB'b, cyu^ecTBHTeJEbBBB HB -ti'ti-a (ji-anpflHaAJiezBT'b s^ti). 
IIpBBlpH BTopocTeneHHHXi cyqecTBHTeJibflHXi Ha -td-H: Sanctis 
td-^ti" (HBen. sanctitas « HenpHBOCHOBeBHOCTbi cBflTOCTbx) ) on 
sanctuSy Bop. sac; pro-hUdti- (npaBtTBeHBOCTb, ^eeiBOCTb), 
OThprobus; f^ici-tdti' (c^acxie, 6jaronoay«e)9 on filix (c^act- 
jhbhII); auctori-^dti" (BH^Hie, pimeBie, yBazefiie), on abactor 
(npoBBBOAHTeu Y covQUiTea)| Bop« a»g; simfim-tdti' (npo- 



288 oy«*HKoi -ta. §§ 97 — 98. 

CTOTS, OTspoBeHHocTB), 0Tb siffiplex; aieci'tdti' (cyxoeTB), on 
siccus; facfd'tdti (coocodHOCTb , bo3m oshoct&^ cpexcTBa), on 
fac-Uis (jeritiH), Kop. fac (jiiJiaTb); volun-titti' (BOJia) on 
vdent' {ewe. vdens «sejiai)iiii8x>), rjar. vd-le (xorbTb) h np. 
Ob -^td'ti^ no SHaveHii) n (j^opnt ctfusaeTCfl "M-tiy koto- 
poe nocJitABiB ciori paa^iJiHen ci -td'ti; cion 'tA b^koto- 
pue o6iiicBn)n H8MtB6HHHX'b BCJiiACTBie ociatfjiefliii a^itu td 
(Tasi Banp. Aufrecht^ Zeitschr. L 159 — 163) , bo ocho- 
BateibHte to o^iBCBOBie, no soTopoiy tUf no coctob be bi sa- 

ROl SaBKCHHOCTH OT'b td ^ npeACTaBJIBeTl Cy(I)$HK6X CaHOCTOfl- 

Te.iBBH8, npBHHKaa si cancsp. tu. Bi tasovB cbhcjiIi otiv 
BCBBeTi Jiar. -M'^ti JEeo MeBepi (Yergleich. Gramm. d. 
griech. und lat. Sprache, Berlin, 1865, 638), n ULieflxepi 
ynoMHflaen o&h Ben wb tohi OTA'&Jt, v>,i pastfepaeTi tohh 
Cb oBOBtiaHieiii -{u (Gompend. § 227, CTp. 460; Bonni — 
Yergl. Gramm. III. 224 — 225 — cbjobbotcb ((oite b% nojiBsy 
ME'bBifl BsaBBBOCTH Hoxxy UT* tuH H caBCsp. tdti). Gy$- 

$HKCl 'ti^i CBOSCTBOBl JIBfllE BO MBOrBMl CJOSaHl, BMOBBO: VlT^ 

tilti' (BHeB. virtus fern. aHyxecTBO, Ao6poAtTe» » ) , on vir 
(vysqHBa), csp. vtra (repofl); senec-tUti'- (cTapocTb), oti 
senex (poj^. senis <xCTapHKi»); ^Wen-tiifi- ( HOJioAOCTb), oti 
juveni' (mojioaoB i)Boma)| Ap.-6ojir. ion*l; serm-tuti' (paC- 
CTBO| BOBOJiBBBqecTBo ) y OT'B scrvus (patfi). JEeo MeBepi npnBO- 
jinn eflie tempes-tUti^ (aBpeHBD, Yarro^ YII. ) » o^pasonaBBOO 
OTi tempus (BpoHB). El ^tiUi npiiMUBaeT'b Tasse -H-din-^ ot- 
flocHTeJiBHO BOToparo ep. § 1 17. Oy<{)$BBCi -H-a He npEissaen 
K% oKOH^aBii) -to| ((yAy^H otfpasoBaui nai -<i (cp. § HI). 

§ 98. Bi roTCBOHi BSHBi OKoaqaBie -to-, bi (l^opHt -(2a, 
ABjraeTCJi bi npomeAmeHi BpeMOBB; BHeBBTOJiBBBB npiqacTiii 
OKaBqBB&eTCfl Ba -th-s^ CTOirni.ee BitcTO -^ta-s^^das; toibko 
rJiarojH, flpBBaAJesan(ie ai Tasi nas. cjai^oiy cnpBsefiii), npn- 
BBxaDT'B -to i'da)j rjarojfl cBiBaaro cnpaseHia npncTaBJiiinn 



oy««. -to Bi roTOB. iis. § 98. 239 

Bi RopHD '^ana (cp. § 565): s^^-i-(2a (hhoh. sdUths «HCsaH- 
hh1»), OTi sdk'jan (HCBaiB); hrdp-i-da- rjar. hrdp-jan 
(»BaTb); m^-i-e^a- (HieH. m&itJis ^nacaHHuB^), rjiar. m^- 
jan (nHcaTb), cp. mil (ntr. aBpexHD, bo ihox. vhcj. ochhcb- 
xov); {({^-i-tJa (hm. lagiths «noJioseHHBfl»), oti lag -jan 
(«BJiacTb3»y ^lag-i'day^ npoAcraBJifleTi h j^opxy HaiXBHTejiBHara 
HasiOHeHiii npoin. BpeHOHH — <iciiiiojioxnjii» H.in ocohi nojoxen)); 
TO-ze caxoe othochtcji bo bc^mi APjrHi'B npRBOAeHH^iHi s^tcB 
^opsam Ha 'da); daU't-da (hx. dailUhs cp. dis-daUiths 
«pa3Ai.9eHHuS»y ga-daUiths)^ rjiar. eJail^an (,>(tJiHTb); mi-to-dfa 
OTi fTH^-an (uipHTb); salb'6'da (hm. saT&d^A^^, ot% $aZ5-(}ii 
(aaianiaTB); hab-ai-da (flMen. habaithsX rjar. Aod-afi (HJntTb); rei- 
rai-{2a on reir-^an (upoxaTB); tt5rtoiA;m-dfa (oTJHHeHHEiB, oTAt- 
jieHHHB), on us - taiknjan^ Kop. <iA; = (2iA; ( CBp. dig) h op. IlocJift 
hj HHOFAa H nocji'b fjus^ BuicTO - (Ja osasHBaoTCfl - to : dauh-ta 
(bx. *dattflf-d[(r^, orb dw^- (neonp. (2«f^-an aroAHUCiix) — dang 
«roAHTCfl»); ai%-to (asi Vtjf-(2a^, neonp. ai^-an (niiTby BJia- 
A^Tb qiui); thaurf-ta (bm. *^Aai«r&-{{a^y rjiar. ^Aatir&an («nys- 
Aanca » — thaurf « HysA&v>Cb » , Hti. tcA &e - darf) ; mds - to 
(b8%^ *ino^-to^y rjar. *mdf-an (cp. ga-mot-an ^mntn xicTO, 
noxtqaTbcii* E. Schdze^ Goth. Gloss. 241); vis-sa (nsi *t;if* 
to^, OTb f;it-an (<it3HaTb», CBp« vid)^ nacT. Bp, vait (cBp. 
t;^<{-a <it3HaD», h3i ^vaid-a. UpMBeAeHHHH ao cirxi nopi ^opiH 
Ba -to npeACTaB-iavTi npnMtpbi HeupaBHJibHaro cnpaseniir. fhah- 
ta npoHcxoAHT^b on thank-jan («Ay>aTb, paacysA&Tb^; BsnycBi 
n npoACTaBJiflen aaajioriio cb jiax. jnc-to-, vie-tO' n np.); hauh-ta 
on lug-jan (BjnHTb) cp. fra-hauh-ta (sopeHHafl rjacsai noA- 
BepraercA ycBJieHii>) h np« 

Bb corjaciif cb r6TCRHM'B -da h Hopjicsiii npiqacTifl npom. ape- 
16HH oBanqBBaDTCH Ha -da- ('Sa)^ bi HxeHHT. -dr (dr- hsi 
'"da^s); kdla-da' (npHSBanHHB, HueHOBaHHHH), eu^b. kalla-dr^ 
on kaUa (suaTbi HMOHOBaTb), aari. to call; lagSa^ (a lag- 

19 



290 oy^oHSCB -to. §§ 98—99. 

i-d'a- HHen, lagdr^ lagid^r^^vorcK. lagitJis «noJOJteHHflB»). orb 
legg-ja^ totck. lag-jan; Idka-da" (meH. bakaSf «neqeBeHi»), 
OTi baJca; tal-i-cta- (Hien. f oZicfr = toZd^r) , on tdja (cih- 
TaTb); ^m2a-(la-, on ^mto (itniaTB, npenflicTBOBaTb); hota- 
da-onhota (yrposaTB); valda- (nHeH. va7(2r, ((BH6paHHnH»9 
orb velja ( BHtJupaTb ) ; dw^fa-cfa- (hji. duga'dr)^ on duga 
(noMoratb), totck. dug-an (roAHnca), HtM, taug-en; haf-da- 
(HieH. %a/!fr Bi SBaqeniH «B%poaTHH8, npHHATia aocto8hhK» — 
cp. Dietrich, Altnord. Leseb. Leirzig, 1864, 463), rjiar. hafa 
(BH'bTB), cp. roTCK. hahaiths h hahan. IS. SA'bcb bi ^opuaxi 
HenpauHJibuHX'b Bvicro -daj -da oKadBsaeTca BeptAso -to: (hot" 
to- (Biee. (thot'tr F3i thdk-tr, aoiopoe Tose ynoTpetJiaeTca — 
Dietrich^ Altn. Isb. 690) on thyh-ja (jiyMaTb, Kasaibca), 
cp. r0TCK\ thah-ta b thankjan; sot-ta (BieH. sot-tr h sok-tr^ 
roTCK. souths) y OTT» soek-ja (Hdcan); or- to (HineH, 'or-fr, 
KpoM* yrk-tr) , on yrA;-ia (A*iaTb, AtHcTBOBaib), Kop. j/ri= 
*t;irft, rpe^. Ff^-; thurf-ta (roTca. thaurf'ta)^ oti thurfa 
(HysAftTbCB)y BacT. spexa eft ^^r/* (HysAaiocb) h np. 

§ 99. B!b iBTOBCEOM^ flsasi -to bi BHa^esii CTpaAftTOJib- 
saro npB^acTia npomeAinaro BpeMeHH BpHcoeABH^eTca ili caxoiij 
sopBD TaKHHi-xe oCpasoBi, aaai OKOflqaHie -£i, osHaqanmee ee- 
onpoA'ibieHfloe BaKjioBOuie; yAapeaie nocitAHeB ^^opMu yAopzH- 
Baeicfl fl npH cjiOBaxi Ba -to; BiaoTopEia cjobb, bi conaciv ci 
cancEpHTCKHMH, Hii'bEOT'b SHaqeflie BacTOAoiaro BpeieHB. npiMlpH: 
plk'ia^ (flueH. ptk-ta-s^ npoBSBocHTCir plkts^ «cepAHTHfl)i>), on 
pyk'ti (pascepAHTbca), Kop. jAk; mus-ta- on miiS'ti (jab- 
pBTby^BTb); mes-ta- (masc. wropoA**), wi ^met'ta^f Kop. 
wei-, war. mls-ti, bbct. Bp. we^ii («6pocaD» — cp. Nessdm. 
WOrterb. 895, 897) — bi ^lewTCK. ii3HKt mes-to BBavan «to- 
jpod«» (citAoeaT. <(noMinieBie» Boo(!Qe, cp. pyccs. MtbC-mo; 

HeCOlfltHBO C^ BTHB'b KOpBOM'b COOAHHOBO H CJIOBO MOC-fm^ V^i 

Moe^Mom^ opeACTaBuen ycHJieflHoe M6T - ; MHSJiomflTb — Lex. 



Oy«ftHSOl -to Bl JIHT. A3. § 99. ^91 

FklsaosL 892 — npiBOAHn npa Ap.-6ojir. m-^c-to jaxiimcK. ma-t 
<KnpetfHBaTB»y nacn Bp« mit^u); h bi ApeBHe-npyccB. usHKi 
BCTp^i^i^eTCfl sop. met^ cp. po-mest-s (noA^HHesHHSi noAAaenB), 
JVesdeZmann y Sprache d. alt. Preussen, Berlin. 1815 , 117; 
mazgd^ta- (yMHTHB)> oti mazg-d-ti (iHTb); Ze-te- oti ie-tf 
(<cjiHn»; CD^a npHiSKaerb Ap.-6ojir. ah -to, oti loro-se 

BOpHA ah: ah -kith 9 Al-liK, TaSl-qTO ((««n»mO» CO($CTBeHHO = 

«AosAJiHBoe Bpeiifl»y cp. Schleicher^ Gompend. 435); kavd-ta^ 
on Jcav'O'ti (6epeqL, xpaHHTb), Eop. ftat;, cp. atar. oa2;-er6y 
npR?« cau'to-; tvlr-ta- (Tsep^iBB, spinEil), on tver^ti 
(aaxaaTHTb); gil-ta" (sojiothB), on gil-ti (kojiotb); glr-ta- 
(nBHHHB) on gir-ti (oHTb); hdl-ta' (^ftjiuB), on&a7-^i(tft- 
jitTB); 8U-to- (TeuJiHB), rjiar. sll'ti (Tenjin, CTaHOBHncii 

TeOJHH'B). 

Tftm-se cavsm OROHqaHiesn osBaqaDTOH Tasse HHori< cyii;e- 
eTBHT6JbBHfl, lexxj BHHH — HiEOTopniT seHcsaro po^a: mais-ta- 
(mase. «6yHn, BOJifleeie^), on mais-^ti (I'kmaTb), sop. mis 
(m\S't% «itinaTBca»), cp. xp.-tiojr. mic-hth, rpeq. fjihy-esv; 
kdl'ta-' (mase. ^aojioto^), rjrar. kdhti (soBaTB, Can moiot* 
KOHi); tur-ta^ (mase. «BiyntecTBo»), on^z^r-eYt (HMftTb), Bop. 
tur^^taTf CBp. dAar; srfs-to- (=JiaT. sedges) ^ B3V.*5orf-te= 
*sad-to-, Kop. «ad (CBA'bTB), Beonp. sed-eti ^=^ jl2li. sed-ere; 
au'ta- (onyqa), Kop. au=^u:au'ti (oS-y-e- anth) ; nas-tit (fern. 
«(SpeHflx>), Bop. nas^ ueonp. nhs-ti^ jkf.'6oAv. hcc-th; slu-ta 
(feni. «ieTjia»)y on slu-ti (MecTB). Uepex'B -t BBjaeTca heo- 
TAa BCTaBo^Boe 8^ (cHflrqenHoe b:b s) cdug-S'ta* (bhcobIB), on 
dug-ti (pacTB). 

-to KaEi cyilxliBECB BTopaquaro odpaBOBasifl : skyU-ta- (Aopa- 
BEiB)y on skyU (Aupa), Eop. skyl (cp. qemcE. skul-ina acBsa- 
ZBBa) cooTBtTCTByen BecBia b^pobtbo uepnoBaq. skid^ cp. totck. 
skidf CBp. chid (bojotb, paBAtiBTB); dulke-tas (8ansji6flflBB)| 
on diUkes (bi« Mfloas. «niUB^) h np. 

19* 



292 GYVQIKOH, OlOSHBK cs -ta § 100. 

§ 100. Bi cy^^HRcy -ta npHHHRaDn bx HHAO-eBponeBcKo8 
OTpacjiH HisoTopae xpyrie, ($Ojite hih vesie eiossae h pacmi- 
peHHHe cy4^$HBCH, soTopne — npenMyn^ecTBeHHO o6p830BaRifl bto- 
pH^Haro; ciOAa npHnaxJiexaTi bi cancRpHTft (apoa'b npRB'^AOH- 
Haro BeAaiiq. -tdti): -ta-na^ -ta-ja^ "td (tva)^ ^tna. Ohh bc4 
o5pa3yR)T'B CJiOBa BTopocteneHnufl : hjas-tana (nqepaniBiB), on 
hjas (fiqepa), cp. Jiar. hes'terno- (on heri); pra-tana (cia- 
paH), on npeAX. pra; Qvas-tana (aaBTpamHifi), on gvas (saBTpa), 
jiar. eras; ctra-tna (cTapatf, AaBBifl), oi'bcira (;rjHBHEiB,AOJi- 
rifl); prthU'td («niHpHKa» — TOKe prthu-tva^ B6M» & Bothf 
Skr. Wtb. IV. 864), on prthu (inirpoKill); iha-tja (sAtm- 
fliB), oTi iJia (3A'6cb); daksind-tja (dsbhB, npoBciOAflo^iB on 
vra), on daJcsina (opaBnB, dshuB) h np. 

npBMipu H3i> Ap.-($aBTpiBcKaro azuu: daibi-tdna (otfiiaHi), 
on KopH. dab (odHaaHBaib). Gy$4^RSCH -thwa h -thwana cro- 
pte npHHHEasoTi ri OKOH^aHiio -tu: d-ftao-thwa^na (nozaajia, 
npeBOSflomeHie), sop. ^u (ci npeAi« d); ndiri-thwana (($paR!B, 
cynpysecTBo), cjiobo BTopH^saro o($pa80BaHiii , TaRi-RaKi o6pa- 
soBaBO H3i ndiri (zeH^Hfla). -tJiwa otfpaayoTi bAcrojilro cyn^e- 
CTBHTOJibHiiix^b RaRi nepBH^BHix, TRKi B BTopnqRBxrb: 1(Jira'thwa 
(sflaaie, paayii), Rop. kar (noHHBTBy otfpaTHTB BBHiaaie — Justi, 
Handb. 79); QtaO'thtva (HOJiRTBa), Rop. Qtu (npouaBJiBTB Be- 
JiaqaTB) ; Tchsnao-thwa (sacjiysHBaiDii^iB (Shtb yAOBJiCTBopeBEHMi), 
Rop. Wi&nu; framere-thwa (j6iBcTBo)> Rop« mar; cJioBa bto* 
pocTeneBBHa: vanhu-thtoa (Ao($poe A^io), ot^b vanhu (xopomiB, 
Ao6pHB), nepcBACR. beh; fratema-thwa («BJiacTB3» — cp. dareghS- 
fratema-thwa «AOJiraa BepxoBBaa BJiacTB, lojiroe rocnoACTBO»), 
orb fra-tema (nepBuB); ratu-thwa (coBepmeacTBo), on ratu 
(saaoH'B, buctb), CRp. rtu (Bpova rojia) h np. 

Hsi jiaTBHCRaro flsuRa npRnajiJiezaii cDAa cjiobr cb orob- 
qaBiOHX 'tino (=CLip. 'tana)^ RCTopoJi Bcb BTopu^saro o({pa- 
BOBaflia : craa-tino^ («8aBTpaniBiB», on cras)=tfsi^. Qvas-tana; 



oy«». -tar, tra. § 101. 2n 

sero'ttno' (oosaho opHxoAflmiRy nosAniH), on 8^0 (no3AHo); 
matu'tino- (yTpoHBiH), BftpoflTHO hsi manu'ttno-^ cp. mane 
(jTpoM); 6un Hozen, h pro-tinu'S (nap. aTOTWCb^ cpflAj* 
noTOHixr), fl8i jpro-, np. 

Oboh^ihih -far, -fra. 

§ 101. I. Oy^^^HKCB -far Bi HHAO-esponeBcfioB oipacjiB nojiB- 
syeTcii o($n(H]ii pacnpocrpaHeHieu'b; no CBOOMy cocTasy oh^ npe^* 
CTaBJifleTi OBOB^aBie ciosBoe, ROTopoe, iath Moseii, h bi npa- 
ABHftt oitasHBajiocB Bii $opi% (lojite pacnnipeflnoB, ecjiH npn- 
BJiTB BO BHHHaBia cy^it^HucL 'tara, botophS toso cymecTByeTi 
CO Bcftx^ flSHBax^ HHAO-esponeBcBaro ojieHeHu, xora no OTopaB- 
jioBiiD OTioqaeTca on -tar. GtfjHxeBie Bonnoii aroro cy^^t^HKca 
n rjiarojikBiiHi BopBeiitor (anepexoAHTb, coBepmaTB» — Yergl. 
Gramin. m. 193) bo jibbiobo BCBKaro ocBOBaaiH, rtH'B 6ojiie, 
ecjR npHHflTB BO BBHHaHie, qro -tor do toibbo bi caecBpHT'b, 
HO H Bi npo^Bxi cpoAHHX!B )i3HBax'B otfpasyet'B npeHMyniecTBeflBo 
nomina agentis, h ^ito BCTpiqaoqeecfl B'Bjax. asHBi OKonqaBie 
"CrOf 'cn BOBBOAHTCfl Bi BopHD, cooTBftTCTByDn^eHy eancBp. Tear 
(A4.iaTB), Bopp^ Vergl. Gramm. § 815, a; Schleicher^ Com- 
pend. 397. UlJielxepi (Gomp. 443) npeAnojraraerB, qro tor, 
nepBOflaq. tara^ cocToan b31 AByxi qacieB: -to h -ra. HoBt- 
poflTflo o6i4iCBefli6 Befl^^ea (Zeitscbr. IX. 109 h CJitA.)> no bo- 
Topoiy -tor bosboahtca sa ap^bb. *toi»| TaB'B'Bas'B (flecMOTpii 
Ba npHBeAOHBHe uHinpHMipii jpaf-nl «dominax>=rpeq. tsot-vioc^ 
toi5an=rpeq. rh-rov aniOTBHB^Bio ^ ApO npeAnoJoseaie ne- 
pexoAa n bi r, npH otf^eii cxoACTBt cy^^nsca -tor bi paa- 

BHXl OTpaCXflX^B, BeCBMa nOAOSpHTeJIBHO. 

G;$4^HBci -tor, no ^^opiii BecBMa cxoabbB cb -tra^ no SBa- 
qeflii) CTporo OTJiBqaetca oti nero : lesAy-t'biii-BaBi -tor o6pa- 
syen nomina agentis, BOTopua bi npaasHBi, cyAa no anajioiiH 
Bclxi cpOAHHX^B asHBOBi, orpaBHiiJiBCb ((jHsaBfflBaH CTeneBau 



294 cy^oHKoi -tar. § 102. 

» 

poACTsa, cy4^<j[iEsci -tra oGpasyeT'b nouTiJi, BHpasaDmiir hh« 
eTpfioHTH (HHorAa i ^Mn liia, k np.)* Spoii Toro ^tar vh 
BisoTopQxi ji3HKax!b 0TJII1W6TCX eme ApyrHtti oTnpai^jieHieii, 
Biipazafl npeqacTio tfyAyn^aro BpeveHH AtScTBHtejibHaro saiora; 
BOAOCTaTOKi Tasoro BHa^eHia cy$(^HKca -tar bi xpyrBxi ji3h- 
Raxi Bamero njeMeoH bo AOuyctiaeTi sasioiiefliH o Bceotfn^eMi 
ero ynoTpetfjieBiH bi xpoBBia BpeiieBa, ckojb-6h TaRol bhboa'b 
BlpoflTHHK HH Easajicir. nepBotfHTBOCTB cjj^^Hsca "tar AOsasH- 
Baerca AOCTaro^HO OAHsaEOBHi'B ero ynoTpedjeaieii bo h&kvh 
naBBHX^b BBHRaxi HHAO-6Bpone8csBX!b, A'H odoBflaqesia rjiaBBcm 
cteneHeB poACTsa. 

§ 102. npHBipH HS'b caHcspHTcsaro asEiKa: pi-tar (otoiix), un 
^pa-tar, soTopoe bi cboid oqepeAB coEpameeo nsi *pd'tar (cotfcTB. 
«nHTaiDm.iB, noAAepsHBann^iS, oxpaeaDiiiiHx)), Kop.^({;Bi Taux^ 
^opiaxi vb HMeHHT. naAozt oahhctb. qeci. r OT^pacBBaeTeiTy 
BpH qemi npeAmecTByDmaa rjiacHaa noABepraerca DpoAOiseHin, 

ClibAOB. H16H, 6AHBCTB. pi-t&^ BO BHUHT. p%-tdr-amj KROZ. UCl. 

pitdr^as (jA&poHie jiozhti bi TaEOH<!B cjiyqat fla cy(|)$aKci); 
(OyQecTBOBaHie cooTBtTCTBOBHaro cjioBa h% aBHaax'B cjiaBBBCSHX'b, 
noA'B ^opHoB CamSf qemcs. batek h npoq. AOEasHBaeii J7. 
JEaepoecfciUf vb <KEopeflB, siaqoH. b% Baaaan. poACTBa»y crp. 12 
B cJB'bAOf fnd'tar (ccvaTB)), cotfc b. «npoH3BOABniaa, pozAaD- 
mna» )y Bop. md ( <cHtpBTB»; SBaqeBie <(npoH3BOAHTb» OBasHBaeica 
Bi cJiozBOMi nir-m^^— BHea. md-td^ bebbt. md'tar-am; &Ard- 
tar (tfparb), Eop. &^r (BtpoaiBO BiSBaveBiH <(flOAAopxHBaTB>0; 
sva-S'dr' (cecTpa), bbi ^sva-S'tar" (EaEi bbabo bsi aHajioris 
cpoABHXi 4^opMi»), KOTopoe coEpa 0(600 B31 ^sva-su'tar- («CBoa», 
TO ecTB ccpoABaa zeHn(Efla» — *6U'tar' cooTBtTCTByeTi caacEp. 
strt «zeflniBBax>»«pozAaK)niaa», coBpam.eBBOHy mi> *su'tri^ Kop. 
8u <i(pozAaTB»; Ea-cqeTi bthxicjobi cp. J?ojpj), YergU Grarnm. 
§ 812. in. 189—191); nap-tdr- (BByai), Bop. nap (Bcaa- 
BftcTflaro BBaveBifl); (Id-j(lr(<cnoA&T6Jii>» — nomen agentis '-^ sop. 



oyft«. -tor Bi GiHGBF. § 102. 295 

dd ^jLKn»); xojiroe d vb OROH^aHis yxepsHBaeTeii h n KOCBeH- 
BHXi nsAexaxi; hhar-tdr (c(cynpyri»y co6ctb. «noAAepxHBai)- 
fliiil, niiTai)miB», to bctb ((seHy»); vaJc-tar (roBopflmiH), sop. 
v(w (roBopiTB); dkd-tar (TBopeifb), Kop. dhd; tjak-tar (ocxa- 
BjflDii(i8), Eop. tjag; jan-tar (aB03flitiia», tiyicB. «yi:poTaTej[B»), 
Kop. jam (ysponiaTB, o($y3,i,HBaTB ) ; at-tar (tiBqitf), Eop. ad 
(ed'ere); ksan-tar (((rto npoQaeTi»), sop. ksdm (aepeflocHTbi 
TepaftTb); han-tar (yCiHiia), sop. han. 

EopeHHHfl rjiacRHii i e Uy ocotSeHHO eciH WTfinskmM bx eoh- 
i^t, noABepranrcfl nepBocreneHHOxy noA'Beiy: gop-tar (saniBT- 
BHsi), Eop. gup; hd'tar (xpem), Eop. hu (sepTBOBaTB) ; vi- 
kri'tar (npojianeiti), nop. kri (<(noEyBaTb» — bi coeAHHefliH n 
npeAJr. vi: vi-kri (capoxaBaTB»); ge-tar (notfibABTejB, saBoeBa- 
TejiB)| Kop. ji (no6tSAaTB); hhok-tar (tA^n^iM, aacjrasAsiiontifl- 
eji), Eop. hhugi (h31 &%2«^-, ^ ynoA0(Sji6HO cjiiAyiomeS oTSByqaoH); 
mok'tar (ocBo6oABTe.iB, H36aBBTejb), sop. muc; Apyrie npii'bpu: 
tvas-tar (uothekI', capeTEHKi), hsia xyAOSHHsa MesAy 6oraMH, 
ep. B6htl. & Both, Skr. Wtb. III. 467 — 468), on Eop. 
tvaks (TBopHTB, o6T6CBBaTb)y EpeACTaBJiioii^aro pacniBpeBfloe taJcs 
(tar nepemjo • vb tar BJiiBBien'B npeAniecTBynmeS mBn^qeS); 
jod'dhar (6of^nT»j cpaxawo^iMcB) otipasoBaeo hbi *jadh-tar, (sop. 
judh «(iopoTBCii»), Tai;i*KaE'B BjiiiHiex'B BOBBpatBaro yaoAO($jie« 
Bin K% rpynuH dh-t otfpasoBaiocB d-dh' (cp. haddha «CBfl3aH* 
HH8»y Hsi *badh-ta); vo-dhar (aocjimiB) otfpasoBano hsi ^Tah- 
tar (sop. vah (chochtb» — Bec-TH, B6:;-x, mt. veh-oX corjiac- 
HO ^opHii DpHqaciiB DpomeAmaro BpeMOHH: vo-dha (bs'b Vah-ta; 
ep. H Urdha, rH-dha hsi ^ih-ta, ^ruh-ta, oti Eopn'eK lih «jih- 
8aTB», ruh <cpacTH»). 

H4CB0.VBE0 EopaeM ynoTpetfjianTi coeAHBHTeiBBjD rjiacByi) i: 
(dS'i-tar (sasoHOAaTejiB), Eop. gds (BJiaciBOBaTBi opBEasHBaiB); 
raks'i'tar (saniHTBHBi), Eop* raks; gan-i-tar (poAiTejrB, oieiix), 
Eop. gan (poAHTB| npoi3BOAHTB)i UT. gi-gn-o; vad-i-tar 



296 oyftftHRoi "tar. § 102. 

( roBopaqiB )^ nop. vad; IMd-i-tar (if,zm}S), sop. hhdd (tCTB); 
cvAa npHHSAJiezHTi e duh-i-tar («AOVb»i cotfcTB. «AOflniafl»), 
Eop. duh (AOHn); bctebo^hoB rjiacaoB Bfkn bi cooTBircTBeH- 
BOM% AP*-^aKTp. cJiOBft: dugh-dhaff cp. nepc. dt^A-^r. 

Jl^Jifl BHpaKefiia BcnoHoraTOJiiHaro npH^acxifl OjAyn^aro BpeieHH 
AtScTBHT6JiBBaro sajiora ki BopHfln rjiaroioBi npHCTaBjAefCfl 
-Mr, H npoHcmeAmee TacHn nyxeiii hsi npocToro sopu npH- 
^acTie BiicTft ci cooiBi^TCTBeHHUMH j^opiiaxff BCDOHoraTejTBHaro 
rjiarojia as «($HTb» (b'b DacToaqeM'b BpeieHB: a^-mi, asi h np.) 
o^pasyeti (^yAynnee Bpeifl, npH ^ohi ipeiBe jihiio Bcixi qnceji's 
odoBHaqaeTcii npocTHXi npHqacTieHiy tfeai noHon^H mroja echo- 
xoraxeiBBarOy lasi-iTO j^opiin A'^BcTBHrejibnaro h cpeAHflro 
sajioroB'B vh btoii jiHi^i coBnaAanrb. Oy^j^nKci -Mr h SAtcs 
Bi eAHHCTB. qncjift (paBHO Basi bi pi-td, md-td^ b np.) nepe- 
xoAHTi Bi -My Taai Hanp. Eop. Jcar (At^iaib) bi BcnoMoraTeab- 
HOH'b 6yAyiite» BpeieHif npeACTaBjrjieT'b cjitAyDn^ifl 4^opMH: Jcar" 
tdsmi (6yAy A^JiaxBi CAiJian) hbi A;ar;^ -t- as-mi (factarus sum), 
2 J[Bit. eAHHCTB. kartdsi (b31 -M + asi^; 3 jihii. kartd (^ovh 
(JyAeri i4jiaTB» — tfyEBaiBHo: «fac-turus»; osfi, jar. est ho 
BEtpaxaoTCB). Mhoxoctb. qHcio: 1-e jihii. A;arf^mas (h9!B 
hartd + sma$; amas = jar. ^mi«^; SA'bCB Dopazaeii to o($cto- 
^TejBCTBO, ^TO A;arf(! bi ^^opiift eAHHCiBeHEaro qeciia BBpaxaers 
XHOxecTBeHHoe; npaBHJiBHaH ^opia ($£ijia ($h *kart&ras-smas bi 
HecoKpanieHHOM'B bha^), 2-e Jiait, kartd-stha (kartd + stha), 
3-e jiHi^. AM oioETb saioroBi: kartdr-as ($opxa hhos. qnci. 
OTi kartdr). $opxH ABoBcTBOHHaro qscJia o()pa30BaBH no ana- 
Jiorin HHOsecTB6HHaro: kartd-svas, kartd-sthaSf kartdrdu. IIo 
BceB BikpoflTHOCTE, H xpoTBO JiHAO Bctx^ qflceii npesAO yno- 
TpetfjHJo rjiarojii BcnoxoraTeJiBHHB, saKi mozho saBJi^qHTB no 
BCTpftqaeioB ^opnik vaktd-sti (oh% ((yAeTi roBopHTB), bi. hoba- 
BtBmaro vaktd (aop. t;ac; cp. J^oi^Pi Sanskr. Gramm. 803^ 
npHMiq. ). 



oyfto. 'tra bi gihorp. § 102. 297 

EopeHHaii rjiacHafl i, un u noABepraeTCfl rynt: hhi-tdj Tcrdd- 
dhd (bm. *krOdh-ta) on bM (doaTBca), ftrwdA (cepAHTBcn); 
idi*^4 orb ju^ (coeAHHflTb). Me3BAy KopHeui n oBOHqaHieHi 
TOCTO BCTSBJiffeTCA i* sav'i'tdj sop. ^ (<xposAaTb»; sat;-i-t(S 
CTOHTi BIT. *sO-i-tft); tar-i'td (roxe ct AOJirHMi f; tar-htd), 
Kop. tor (nepexoABTB); tarp-i-td, sop. torjp ((xpaAOBaibCfly na- 
eHii{aTBCA3»y KpoHt tarp'tdf bjih nocpeACTBOMi nepeciaHOBSH — 
<rap-W^ H np. 

II. Oy^^HSCE ^tra npRCoeAHHaeTCir ki rjiarojibHiisi Kop- 
HflMib no«iTH TaKHMi SO o((pa30», KaKi "tar, -tdr; KopeHHUA i h 
u noABopraiDTCii ryaty nep'bAKO BCTaBj^eica h cooAHHBTejibHoe 
i: ((S^-^ra (KHHra^ npoAnncaHie ), Eop. Qds (npHEaauBan^ y^iTB); 
fos'tra (opysiOy wn), Rop. gas (yAapaib, (Shtb); vas-tra (oAes- 
Aa), Kop. vas (oAtnaTb), mt. ves-rt-o, rpei. F€<7-vu-/m* (f vvu/^i); 
pd-tra (TOmaa, nooyAa), Kop. jjd (dhtb); n^-fra («rjia3!B» = <cbo- 
AflniiHi B0BAB»)y rjiar. Kop. nt (boahtb); ^d^tra («;xo» — cccjih- 
man^ee^), Kop. (n« (ciHmaTB); A^^-tra (aoje, itjio)! sop. ksi 
(bi SHaqoHiH «Dpe6HBaTBx>); tdt-tra («sa;io, CTpesaj[0)» — H3!b 
*tud'tra), sop. ttui (yAapATB, TOJEKatB) — BCTp'bqaeTcii h co- 
span^oHHoe td-tra; gdtra (vjoh'b), nop. gd (hats); su-tra (bhtb, 
cHypoKiy npaBHjro)| sop. siv («(mBTB» — rjacHaa i BEinaiia h 
nepemeABieo vb u v noABeprjiocB npoAO^seain); cha-tra (soh- 
THKi), flsi chat'tra (=*chad-tra), sop. chad (noKpsBaTB); 
jan-tra (HBCTpyMOHrBi cocyA'B, ManiHHa), Eop. iam(QpHBysAaTB); 
mi-tra (Apyn), hbi *mit'tra, Kop. mith (npHcooABHaTBca, BCipi- 
^aTBca), cp. mith'OS (BMicTt, nonopoiitHHo); mith = mid bi 
mSd-^n (coi)3HiiS'B, y^acTiHKi); pu-tra («chhi)>; sopoBB ho 
6un noABoproyT^ ryai) — ciobo coiiHRTeJiBHaro npoacxosA^Hiir, 

Vb BOTOpOHl TOJIBBO Cy^^j^HBCB --tra ORaSElBaeTCa HeCOXfltHHEIll'B 

(pi$f 6uTh MosoTi, Bi CBflBS 61 pus <cRopHHTB»); md-trd (bih 
mdtra <xMipa»), Bop. md (iftpBTB). IIpHiitpH BCTaao^Haro -i; 
Jchan-i'tra (<xj[oaaTa| 3acTyai»| Bpoii khd-tra^ Wb BOTOpon 



298 0799. 'tar, -tra, §§ 102 — 103. 

BHoajia nocj^AHflfl sopeHHaa coraacHafl), sop. khan (pun); 
car-i-tra (fCTaHOBHBiniflcfl oC^HvaHy nociynosi), Rop. car (hatv, 
coBepmaTb). Epou'b i MesAy OKOuqaHieM'b h EopseMi OKasH- 
FaeTCA HBorAa a, BecbHa pix^o u: jag-a^tra (^epxBa), nop. 
ja^ (xepTBoeaTb); pat-^a-tra (KpciJio), Eop. pat (jierftn); 
naJcs-a-tra («3Bi3Aa, co3B'&3Aie» ; cjiobo coMQBxejibRaro npo- 
Hcxos^enifl; Bipo;iTflHa EopoBB eciB naks ccnpHsipAHTb; jno- 
CTBraib, npB($jiH2;aTbCA»| Tasi-^TO ((3Bi3Aa» = anoanjiflDmaflCH 
Ba He(5t, BocxoAamaa», cp, Bohtl. & iZoiA, Skrt. Wtb. lY. 8); 
var-U'tra (ujrani'b), Kop. var (noKpHBaiB). 

(III.ieSxepi n Bonoi otfiflCHflDTi bto a TiMi>, qio n me* 
roJibHOMy KopHX) npHcoeAHOfleTGH TaRoB-iSe npn($aBoquH8 dJiexBBT'by 
sasi Bi ^opHaxx cnpflseflU, ocodeeBo se bi uactonniexi spe- 
neHify Bi noBdJiHT. flat&jnoH. h np. Schleicher^ Gompend. 444; 
Boppj Sanskr. Grainm. 897. var-wtra ofiMCMeica hsx *viir-a- 
tra ocjiatfjieflieii a bi m. Tasoe otfiacHesie xapasrepa rjiacHoB 
a noATBepzA8>cTCJi r T'bs^, qro BcnoMoraTOJibHOD bjih coeAHBHTOJib-' 
HOD mcBOR) h^ caBcspRT^ osasHBaeTCfl i, a ae a). 

Bi pdda'-tra (o6yBb, canori) h a^etiCi-^ra ([OA'b flaaepcTRa 
AJiA Ban^HTH naj!bi(a on saAtEaDo^eS tbthbh) tra BOBce ae 
cy^^^HKCby a caiiocTOflT6j!ibflH3 RopOHb, Bi SBaqeBin «3aniifiiia]oiiiiB» 
(sop. trdi «3ao;HiiiaTb»). 

On -"tar (tra) otfpaByoTca seBCKix ^opin na -trt: gan-i- 
trt (MBTb), OT-b gan-i-tar (010141), Kopl gan; dhd-tri (KopMH- 
jiBiiaX 071 dhdtar, Kop. dhd; pu-trt (noib), on pu-tra (cmwh); 
pdu'trt (BnyqKa), onpdu-tra (BHyK^); dduh-i-tri (BHyqKa=Aoqs 
Aoqi'pfl) H np. OTBJieqeBHoe noHfliie npeACTaBjBeTi mdi-trt 
(Apyx(!a), OT^ mitra (ipyri); 9to osoBqaeie o6iflCflHeTCH H3^ 
n6pBO($£iTBaro ^-tar-ja^ R3:b EOToparo BCitACTBie BHoycsa a 06- 
pnaoBBHo tr-ja =» trl. 

§ 103. OinpaBieaie h SBaqeaio cy^^sRca -tar vh ap^bhc- 
6a]LTpiBcEoii £3HKft dojiie orpaniqeHHO^ Tas%-saK!b tfyAme^ 



Gyo«. -tor Bi xp.-BiBP. <8. § 103. , 299 

Bpeifl He BHpazaeTCx oocpeACTBon cjiobi aa -tar; wh npo- 

^Hx*b OTHomeHiiix'b -tor coBnaAaen ci caHcsp. cy^iJ^HBcoMi. 

UpixtpH: pa-tar (oTem), hk^h. j)i-to (soee^HoI AoiroTH c% 

oocjrtAoeaTejiBHocTbK) ho co<$jiDAaeTCA), bo spoxt Toro BCTpi- 

woTCir eme paid h Aftze ^to (bebht. patar-em h ptar-im); 

md'tar (naTB), ineH. ma-to^ bbbht. m^torem; Ird-tar (6paTX)| 

HveH. &r^to (Kpoxi Irdtd)^ bhhbt. &r(!^arem (sp. hrdthrem); 

dugh'dhar («ao^b», csp. duh'i-tar)^ BHen. dugh-dha (Apyraa 

$opxa f,JLa Toro-xe naAexa, dug-e-dd coAepsHX'b coeAHBHTej[B- 

HjD riacBji), paBHO Kas'b caacsp. duh-i-td); qah-h-ar (cecTpa), 

131 "qan-h'tar = qanhu-tar = *sva-su'tar, hh6h. qaiiha (nepc. 

chtvdher). IIpHHipH cyn^ecTBHTejiBBEixi Ba -tar, m oaaaqaD- 

mnxi CTeneael poACTBa: zbd-tar (naHerHpBCTi), Kop. ebd (aaaTB, 

BOJiH^aTB), CKp. hvd {Jive); dd-tar (noABTejiB, TBopei^x), sop. 

dd (GOOTBtTCTByon^ifl caacsp. dd h dhd); gd-tar (THpaai), 

Kop. gd (pisaiB, py6flTB| yaB^ToaiHTB); end-tar (asaaDaiiR, 

aaaTORiD — cxBrqeHieMi hsi md-tarX Kop« ^eran ( s^ha-th ), cKp. 

gnd; Idkh'^tar (pasAaaaTeJiB), Kop. haz (paBAaBaTB)^ csp. Vhag; 

vas-tar (patfo^ee atHBOTHoe), hsi *vaz-tar, on vaz — ](^.'6oav. 

Eei' (aeonp. sec-TH <cBe3TB»), cicp. vdh^ JiaT. veh-. UpHHtpQ 

CJOBI aa -tor cb ycBJieBBOO sopeHBOK) rjiacaoB: zao'tar (THTyi'b 

BepxoBBaro speita), Eop. zu (xojibtbc;I| npB3HBaTB)| csp. ho-tar; 

juhh-tar (aanparaiDiiiia), KO^.jug {a9li. jung-o); grao-tar (cjh- 

mamiV, BCDOJ!BBR)ni.iB BpocB($H), sop. Qru (cjiBmaiB); a^ca&'tar 

(BasasaTOJiB), Kop. ci (<x pacKaaBaTBca, co6HpaTB» — c% coKpaa^ea- 

nun npeAJioroMi d); d^tar («oroBB» = a noxHpaDa^iB, acTpe- 

(|jirDaiiB»), asi *ad-tar, sop. ad (^ctb), cp« ceptfcs. eampa 

(ofobb); vi-dhae-tar (apoBHKaDmiH cbohhi rjiasoiii, pascaaTpa- 

BaDaiiB)^ sop. dt (c(BaAtTBx>-^H3i nepBotfHTaaro dh$^ esp. dhi); 

vb daib-i'tar ( otSmBqaarB ), Bop. dab (o6aaBHPaTB) HBiaercfl 

BeTaao^Boe u 

Cy^^BECi *tra^ noKb BiiiHiefli coriaeHol r, vh xp« - tfaBTp. 



800 cy««. 'tar, -tra. §§ 103 — 104. 

ndiiKt HSM^HfleTCJi Bi thra; owb Tas'B-se pacnpocTpaeeHi, um 
B^b caHCEpHTi: Jchsa-thra (rocyxapcTBO, BJiaA'biejrB, itapB), Rop» 
khsi (i^apcTBOBan, BJiaAiTb, npe^HBaTB), ^^opia seics. poxa 
ecTb Jch^a-thri (c(seHn(HHa», co($ctb. <(BjiaA%T6JiBHH]ta»); t;er6* 
;(%ra (oo((iA&), Rop. t;ar (noKp&BaTB, san^BiiiaTB); mu-thra (h6> 
iiHCTOTa, rpBSB), cp. caHCRp. m(t'tra (<cfpirHa»y BipoflTHO on 
RopHfl *miVf cocTOflBDiaro vb cbb3h cb mA = jiaT. min^-ere, 
ep. s^ - tra <k hhtb » on Ropn. ^i^; « bihtb » ; bi nereptfy prcROM*B 
c.iOBap'b jRassBaeTCfl na m^t^^moyere, Y. 849); pu-thra (tun), 
CRp. jputra; hare-thra (Becenie), Rop. bar (hare-tar j nanpo- 
THB'B, SHaqETi «yTpo6a uaTepaflfl, HaTB» = «HOcaiiiaji)> , a ha- 
rethrja «np6AKif> coBoaynHOCTb hxi»); -gd-thra (ccroJOCBi n±- 
Bie» — B^ herezi-gdthra «roBopfl]iiiB rpoMRBM'b foaocoh'B)), cp. 
berezigdthrem , Kossomcz, Bee. Excerpt. Ifihir. Tasht. 232 )| 
Kop. g& (ntTL); Ui-thra («aHjiHnie» — cooTBtiCTByeTi csp. Jfesg- 
tra), Rop. Wisi («2Ht&^ npe6nBaTB»; cn^a aojizho othocth nep- 
CBA* leher «ropoA'B)», nape, sthir, ROTopoe nepemjid raRxe bi 
Typei^R. H occoTHHCRiB bshrh); dvar-e-thra (<icHora» — tojibro 

Bl DpHHtBeHlil Rl 82EIMI Ji^UWh)^ KOp. dvar (cc6t2RaTBy RI- 

HyTbCfl»; dvar aoisho otfxflCHHTb hs'b npocT. (2rt«, nocpeACTBon'b 
BepecTaHOBRH) ; M-^net-f&ra (xopomo oqon(aR)iaiB)f Rop. qhA 
(c<HUTb; ifew=CRp. w=rpeq. «3- axopomo- »); /ra-/rao-<Ara 
(noJieTi, jertflie), Rop. fru (ABHranca, hath)j yABoeHHy© $op- 
vy npeACTBBJifleT'b care^hare-thra (BCDOMoraxejibHoe cpoACTBo), 
OTi RopR. hir (A'&ian). 

§ 104. Bi rpeqecROH'b bsur^ cy$<|^iiRC^ -tar (-re^j hm. tpi^, 
EJiH ro^-, HM. r(Vf ) oSosBB^aerb loibRO nomina agentis, e ues- 
Ay HEME npEBeAeHH£iE npesAO cjooa, BnpasaDo^U cxeoeHE poA- 
CTBa; Rl (SyAyiueMy BpoHeflE 8to ORonqanie se coctoet'b he bi 
RaROMi OTHOffleBiE. -ry/fy osHaqaioii^ee cTenesB poACTBa: Trcc-ref- 
(flxeH. 9r(»-nff «OTeiti»); fjn^-rti^ (ehob.; bhbht. fAnri^'oc, hmbh. 
Hflox. MCJi. ixfi-ri^-e^ «iaTb))); duy-«-ri^- (he6B. Bvyoirti^ 



cy«9. 'tar bi rpsq. nz. § 104. 801 

«ji,o%»); CJOBO /Ltif-T»if BCTpiqaeTCfl h btb Ati'/xif-ttj^ (OfiV^V^\ 
KOTopoe, DpoHcmeAinn nsi *Tv\ - {jl^ - m^^ 3HaqiiT'& co6ctb. «HaTB 
deMjH». GaHcspaTCKovy bhrd-tar^ no j^opHi, cooTBiTCTByeT'b 
(p^x-ro^- (hmgh. (pqd'Too^j nosAHtBraee (pf a-r?^- ) , BHpasaro- 
mee « qjieHi (p^ocr^lct t^ ^ t. e. ^dpaTCTBa, otfi!^HBH)» (cp. £eo 
Jfeycr, Vergl. Gramm. d. griech. & lat. Spr. 837 — 838). 

npflMtpH Apyrffxi n mina agentis ci oBOHqaHieiii -tar: u^ti- 
T^f- (HiieH. d^fini^f poji. dqtirri^os «»pe^'b, MOJiejifcjmJiKi»)y Kop, 
<»^- (jiar. ot-art)^ cp. ocf-if (jMa-iBBaiiie, npoKjiaTie); JSeix- 
r!?^- (HMeH. (Jff/xnff «noKa3aTe.iB»}, rJia»\ (J!e/x-vu-/x/ (noBasHBai)), 
Bop. Ax; xfflt-r^f- (laraa am BHaa), Kop. har^ Cf. ks^'ccv" 
yvfjit (ntniaK), CMtiuHbaH)) ; ^o/riy-rJff- (kto qacTO xoabtb EjAa, 
' yqcBHKi), rJiar. (po*rdoi> (npMxoaiy, noctniaio); ^otj - ct/v^ - r?f - 
(yqRieJib^ noompHTejib), rjar. ituq-onvico (coBtTyro, yBiaieBai)); 
Jx-Tiff- (noKpoBHieJitCTByiomiM), rjiar. k^viofjicts (AOCTHrai), 
yHOiflS)); \^ctA-rJ;f- (HrparomiH aa crpyHHOMt HBCTpyHeHTi), 
Mar. \I/aAA<» (nrpaK) na HucrpyMeHTh, noio); Kotrfxti -JriJ^ - (paeno- 
pjiAHieJib, yKpamaiDiniB, boxab), rjiar. xoo'/xioi) (yspamaiD, npnaosy 
Bi nopBAOiii>); x^^^^''^?' BpisaHBoe^ H3<>($paseHie , xapaa- 
Tep-B), rjiar. %ct^octr<r(o (BptsHBii), BHciaai)), H3T» \a§ccK'j(»; 
i»/x^i-/3ct-rJif^-(3amHTBHE'B), Kop. iSflc (batb) — (ioclv(»\ ecvr>^' 
T?^- (nocyAa jkJis qepnauiji), rjiar. o^vrAio) (jauqepnaBai)); Ay/tt- 
T?f- (DOJyqaDiniH) , hsi *Aflft/3-r>if- Kop, AaiS (Aa/<i3c6V(» «uo- 
jiyqai)»)y cBp. Za6A; ^fAK-T?^- (yiciOTHTejiB, oqapoBaie^ib), nar. 
AiAy-w (oqapoBHBaiD, otfojbmaia); KoAct^-r?f- (aojoto, KHpsa), 
rji. Ko?\cc7r " r - (0 ( BHAajtfjiiiBaBO, KOJioqy); flr«-r?f- (cnacHTejiB, 
H3($aBHT6jib) , rjiar. (r(ji^^a> (cnacaiOy B36aBj[aio), annq. o-a^-o^j CTpaA. 
aop. i-ado'Btiv; ^caxr-Tfi^' (aoaci, aanoH'b) vjl. ^oJv-vu-/*/ (onoa- 
cuaai)); fAWi-tr-rfi^' (xeHHii); sop. /^y^a^, /uy^^^/xos/ (BOcuoMffiiai), 
CBaTax)Cb), H np. Bx kTsji^cck-t^^' (cryoeflB aa JitCTaaai), npoacio- 
Aan^eii on kKI/xclk- (fern., bmbb. kKI/xx^ ociiiCTUHi^a^y r.iar. xA/v^ 
«Ha(;4onaK)»), -iii^- OKaBUBaOTCfl cy$<t^flKC0Hik BTopocTeaeHauii'b. 



802 OTftOHROi -tar. § 104. 

Jl^pyran ^opia Toro^se cy$4^HBca cctb -rof- (b% HMeHHn 
"tooq')^ cooTBiTCTByDn^Eii nepBOHaqajibHOHj -tor, TorAa-sas'b 
-mq- coBHaAaen ci -tdr; roq- jnoTpedjaeTcs Tose am o5pa- 
soBanifl hhofexi cjiob'Li xotji ho taki vacTO, sasi -r^/f- : e^A^x- 
ro^- (HHeH. ocAiKTcof «ntTyxi)>, ccHe seeaTEiB » -— « ho HHinmiS 
nocTeiH, He A&nniiB GnaTB», cp. Kbc-r^ov cnocTen, jfoze», 
Rop. X^-: Af/-(D (flasHBai), jsjiaAHEai) bi boctojii) — cpeAH. 
mJL. hey-ofxat (jiosyci); xK-roq- (pyKOBOABTe.iB, noiKOBOAeiji), 
Kop. ccy-ccyoi) (Be^y, npoBoxaH)); vefxi-ro^' (pnsi.'bJiHTeJiB, icth- 
Teib), rjiar. v^/4-(» (onpoA^iflH), pasj.'&JiffH)); cc^dcr-rof' (siOAtB, 
AOHOH'b, Ayxiy Baparejib), cp. 0cA^(r-rof (He3a6BeHBH'd, hochoc- 
BiiB), riiar. T^y^ccvoo (cKpHBaDCb); u - jxiv - roq - (aoHOoiHHK'by 
vcTHTejiii), rJiar. ccjxvy'oo (BataHn^aio, OTSJOHflD}; 'ia-ro^' (hh6h. 
Jtrrfl^f « CB*AymiB, BHaTOBi » ) , bbi F/J'-rof-, Kop. F/(J (BoaTb); 

qYi'Toq- (Opatopi, BHTi<)y Bop. ^8- (roBopHTb); %|/ct/o-r«f (hmh. 

Bi coeABHeHiH ci» (rnoyyos <{ry()Ea, cjiyiKan^afl A^a CTHpaaia*), 
war. \p«/a = \^«-(» (cTHpaK)| MeiK), rjasy); aJjcu - Jifx - rof - 
(cHjifcHO yasBiflDBiiSy KycaDii(iH)| Rop. Jcc)c(«RycaTBCfl]» — caHCsp* 
dof-), Jocx-va»; /u»i(r-r<»f- (HieH, /xifa-raf, poA. fintr-rooq-os 

aBOXA^i COBtTHHR'by no6yABTeJlb») HOXHO npSBOCTH RaSl BAHB- 
CTBeHHHS npBHtp^b, FAt TJaCHaH OROH^aHia (-rc^^) H BI KOCBeHHSX'B 

naABxaxi oaaBHBaeTca aojifod; cjiobo npoHcxoABi'B on rjiar. /^ifJ- 
ofxat (saAyMHBaD, crapaiocB). TaRan HCRiDqHTejBHaa AOirora bs 
OROHqaflin ABJiaeTCX, 6e8'B coMHtsiH, peByjBTaToni nepecHJiHBaH)- 
Biaro BJiiiiBiH BvoHHTeiBHaro uaAOsa Ha R0CB6flHHe (cp. Leo 
Meyer^ Yergl. Gramm. 341). 3a ctojb xe HcsjDqHTejiBBoe aBJie- 
Bie AOJizHO npHHflTB cyj^^f^BSCB -rvf' hit fiuq-rv^- (bhbh. /ua^* 
rvq H fjLoi^Tvff^ pOA* fJtocqrvqoff cccBHA^TeJiB^), EOTOparo Kop. fxa^ 
npHHSRaeT'B ri ApdBHe-6a&Tp. mar (domhhtb), jrar. -mor (b% 
me-mor ccnoMHaniiB))), CRp. smar. 

Bi corjiaciH cb ttcc - re^ "^ fxti' ref - i up* BuiDT'B b% roM'b 
- «f - : ao" - T^f - ( HHOB. tier - nf^ masc. « BBftsAa » ) Rop. *« 



cy««. 'tar bi rpB«. as. § 104. 303 

( (JjieCTiTb ) , cp. cep({cB. jac (6iwm.), Ap.-(5t>ir. nc-bHi 
(aeesB), npoecmeAniee zn *as-ina; yav-rh^- (hmh. yctv 
-nie, fem., poji. ycctrre^os, KpoM* yxcT^os, «aejiyAOM, <ipnxo») — 
Kop. y«f- npHUHKaeti, (Jhtb MoaeTi, bi caBCitp. ghas (ten, 
noxapaTb), OTBjAa o(5pa80BaHO ghasi (nama) h ghas-mara (npo- 
xopjHBuB); leo MetlepB a> yw'riq- wnqaeTi Jiat. t;e»- 
<er. ffieaCKia 4)op«H, cooTBtTeTayDmia cynecTBHTe^bHBiii Ha 
-r»jp-, oKaHiBBaDTca ua -r«ffls (aai re^-ja=tar-jd), -r^ici: 
fjtvvc-rsi^ct (fxvd-arstqa «HeBtCTa))); mi - 1*^ - rst^ct (xeacKaa 
<|^opHa OTi »ce<rf<»rr»if); reKvo-xk-ret^a (ydHuaionaa^AtTea), ot* 
r«tv«Ae-r?f- (AtToy6i8^a); -^dx-r^M (Brparon^aa Ha CTpya- 
HOMi HHCTpyMeBTt); Tfoi^-rqM (CTHXoTBopaa); hxAtr-r^Kt (cy- 
jieHnia), on <J'<Krt(r-'niff; ^?eT-T?<a (BOCUHTaTe«H«aa); /xadif- 
Tf<a (yqeH■^a); v<x»f-Tf/a («no64ABTejbHHaa», v<x»;-t»?? «no- 
CtAHteJit))); %7\Jht-rqKX. (aopoBKa) h np. 

OaoHqauie - Tfjf - « -, cooTBtTCiByDmee nepBonaqajiM. -'tdr-ja, 
Vb KawcTiit BTopocTeneuaaro cy$$HSca oaaaweTi otfHEHOBeBio 

HtcTO BJIH BHCTpyieBTl, CI npHaBEaDIUBIl Bl rJarOJBBOH} 

BopBB SBaieBieai: e^cttr - rvf - lo - (ntr. «BacTepcBaa»), orb 
t^ounns (pa(50TBHBi),cp. Fffy-ov ( AtJio), h war. Fe^-ecio/AOt 
(A4ia», pa6oTaio); •vj/ctA-T^'f-w- CTpyBHuB HHCTpyMenTi, ncaa- 
THpb), OTT. \i/£tA-T?f - war. \p«AA(»; K^t-nif-to- (iitcTo cy^a, 
cyAHJiBme) OTi xf»TflV ( cy i,bB ) , war. xf «V»; BshK-rn^-u- (06- 
BopoateBie, oOaerqeaie), OTi0eM-TJjf-, Kop. deAy; c6l<r0»i-'nif-w 
(opyjie, opraBB lyBCxiii), oti uKr^-rrie ( HyacTByimiH): wnM- 
TJj'f-w- (©(jBopoaHxeabi oe cpoACTBo), on x»|Ajj-r«f (otJuaa- 
iqHKi, ©(JoJbCTHTe Jb) ; riBn-ri^^-'o (atcto co(5p%«ia Mojowaa), 
OTX n&*l-rnf (onoma); dv-ni^-io- (xepiBeBHBKi), otb du-T?f- 
(spem), M. du-a (xepTByD). TaBoe-ae npoacxoaAenie aoi- 
XBO Dpiypo«rb npHJiarareJUiHai Ha -r^io- h -m^-io-: «Mo- 
rfw- (qjaoH, CTpaHBH8, npoTHBHoH), orb ctAAof (ApyroH); 
^iov-W?-'*- (cMapqaTOJiMHa) , on ajjuv-rn?- ( yciaaABDfl^iB ), 



304 G7«oHBoi 'tra. § 104. 

cp. nAJ^ (cjraji;Ria) ; ^fct-r>ff-/o- (npo^asHHlf) , on 7rfa-T?f- 
(«npoAaBeii%»y sop. tt^cc- cp. TtnrqdtTY^ «npoAaD»)i cyqecTB. 

Tf^a-rfi^-ioy (ioHiifcK. Tt^ti-n^^sov «phhokt»»), h np. 

* 

IlepBH^Hoe osonqanie -tra hi rpeqecBOHi* <8Hk% npBHHxaen 
o^HKHOBeHHO $opiy -rfo- (bi HMeH. -Tfov WH cpeAHaro, a -r^o^ 
AJifl Hys. poAa)^ HHorAa h -;&^o- (acjiiACTBie PiiaHifl § Ha npeji- 
inecTByi>]i;;K) conacHyn^ lasv^TO -<&^o- HSX'fcHeHO Tin se ny- 
TeMi, KES'b AP«*<(aKTp. 'tJira); mi* crpeHJieHia^ asHsa ri eiar- 
qenii) TBepji^aro r wb I, wb soaAHifimie nopioAH paBBHTiH, ofSi- 
flCHfleTCfl ORonqaHie -tAo- ^Ao- (-dXo- npoesomjo yse BJiiaflieui 
aeajioriH ct -df o-). HpHiitpH: At^jc-rfo- (ntr., HMeHHT. hh-r^ov 
vnocTejiB, 6pa^H06 jroxe^), sop. Afy-: }^iyo[/ui (jioxycir, cniD); 
trKtiTS'T^O' (ntr. «CKMneTpi»), Kop. oTcacTT-: o-K^TT-flS^w (oxe^a» 
cnpHspuBaiO) san^Hii^aH)^)^ cp. <nd7('us (aan^HTa); eca-rqo' (ntr.^ 
dSBtSAa))), Kop. ccff-; uqo-Tqo- (ntr. aojyri, pajio»), nop. ocf, 
iicfodf) (naniy), JiaT. ar-Oj AP--^0Jir. op-K (on op-OTH)^ cyqecTB. 
opoiio; AoiJ-rfo- (ntr. asynaHBe, (5aHM»), AoJ-» (mo»), Kop. Aou- 
(BtpoflTHO coBpameaHHft H3i V^A* i^ii'T^O' (ntr. aiipax)), sop. 
wa- cp. cBp. md'trd; Xv-r^o- (ntr. «BHKyTO, B03Me8Aie»), rjar. 
Au-o) (pasBflSHBaiD, BUEynaio); loc-r^o- (masc. «Bpaqi>, j^bKapi), 
nap. id'ofxcci (Ji4qy); Kh-r^o- (ntr. ccaajo, RRyTX, (JoAeii'b*), 
Bop. xfv-, cp. Kev'T'cco) (rojih), mnopK)), k^v-o- (nycToH); Bix" 
r^o' (ntr. <c8pftMme, Tearpi))), war. Bsdofxoci (cHOTpx)); x«V- 
oTt-rqo' (ntr. asepBajiO))), Bop. o^- (cHOTpi^Tb), cp. cvp/- (bha'b), 
o($pa30BaHHoe bbi ^oTf-n-f wt^o- (HveH. a^\|/ ((rjiasi, 8paBi)»); 
^cL^-i'T^ (KOJiqaH's), Bop. (pct^=<pef (h6cth); on Toro-ae 
Bopua npoHcxoABT'b M (pi^'e-T^o' (ntr. anocHJiEiTy jios6»); ^osr- 
r^o- (ntr. anajiHiia, Ay<5HHa»), rjiar. ^/^-r-w (6pocai), MeiaD), 
Bop. ^tTf'j CBp. A^lij) (nepexoAi / bi o mosho oi^iacRHTb JHmb 
noMon^bV) e, vb Boxopoe nepemjio i, npesA^ qiiii H3HtHBaocb bi 
o); iKv-rqo' (ntr. anoEpsBajio, BpHmBa, o(SoJioqKa)>)y rj. IaJo^ 
(naBHBas), noEpiiBaK)); vitr-r^ob (fern. ((OCtpeiBmojiotobi, mBio»), 



oy««. -tra bi rpi^i. as. § 104. 305 

Kop. Mv (sojion); vif-rfo- (ntr* <cBepeTeHO»)y riar. yioi> (iipfl- 
xy)f ($yA* v}f-ora>; )efl(u-a'-r^e» (fem, «MftcTO FA^ cosHraDTi, BO* 
CTepi»), Kop. Kfleu-, cp« xct/-« (apy), ((yx* ^co^u-o-tv; dgAy->y-rfo- 
(ntr. «o^apoBaHieyO($ojiBQeHie»), rji. d^Ayo) (o^apoBUBan); re^-* 
6-Tfo- (tfypaBi, CBepjioX orb re^-ico (tfypaBJi)); xv-r^o- (masc. 
ropiDOEi), Kop. %u- riar. xi-o) (jm)); ^Z'tr-rqc (ntr. «no- 
iicb))), rjiar. ^(s^y-vu-fc/ (onoflCBBan); fjoiyv-r^o- (ntr. <icHaTpaAa 
M AOHOCH»), nar. /uifyua; (otfiiiBjflDy iiOBomy); ^fc^-xA/v-r^o- 
(ntr. «DOAnopa»), rjiar. xA/v-oo (HaooHBD); (ni^-rqc- (ntr. c(CH- 
T0»), riar. (nfd<» (npoetBao), i np. Bi piA^HMi cjroBav'by vh 
B0Topux^ -rqo aoixbo npHBBTb 8a cy^ij^BSCB BTopocTenensHV, 
npiBaAJesaii: di^i'tr-rqc- (ntr. ^Ji'bTHee uaTBO)))^ on di^os 
{x^i^)\ ^blqiAot-fT-rqcL- (aeqb, KysBeqaaji ne^b), npsjar. de^-fco- 
(TenjiHl), CKp. gharma; (plK-r^o" (ntr. «.m($0BH06 epoACTBO, 
flotfysAeHiev) csopte npHHaAJteacflTX ki riar. (p^hrioo {m6sM!i)j 
Yin tti npHiar. (pix-os (iDtSeBBiiB, mbjiuB); Tsrohl's-r^ov (ro- 
poAi>) BCTpt^aeTCii Bi aoH^ecBOHi cjorft h ynoTpe6jiaeTCfl Bift- 
CTO TOBAecTBeHHaro no SHa^eBiio itoXis. 

PacmBpeHBoe OROHqaBie -r^z-J"- otSpasyen cymecTBHTeibBHii, 
seflcsaro poAa: Aifor-r^/^- (nsiefl. AifcrrfiV <icpa36oflHHi(a)»); on 
Aiforiff- (pa3()oBHBKi, rpa^HTe^b); icp-ecr-r^l^- (bhob. i^etrrqU 
«Ka(|^Tafli, ctAJio)^ Kop. pf^ (eicp. t;as «OAiBaTb»)y ^V-vu-/xi; 
ahe-r^li" (hmob. dxer^h c<iieibHflWxa»)y nar. o^Aio? (hojiVi 
pa3Apo6jijii)), cp. uh£-T^tct (hbox. wct. (XHyBa»). 

OaoB^aBie -^^o-, -rAo, -^Ao: uvd-^oc'^^o- (ntr. ccciyneBb, 
Baee;ipa»« — bi ^^opit zobck. poAa: uvx-ficc'd^a ffj['6eTBHiui»X 
Kop. /Set- (batb)^ uvoc'^oclvoo (Bocxosy, noABBMBDCb); iofliles. 
KV'B^O' (mase. «ropniOB'b)))=%J-rfof , Kop. %u (jiBTb); /jtixnti- 
B^cn (ntr. ((yaecejieBie, ntctiB, coeAHHeBQHX Cb TaHitaHR»X 
rjar. /^iA^ro? (tdihTro/jixs «noK>, BoeniBaR), niflmy^); xA^T-^^o- 
(ntr. <c8aMdsi), 3aDopKa»'^y on xA^Z-o? (saiiHsaH)); xux^-^^o- 
(ntr. (KiiyHHwa»)^ on xux(»a) (cHtmHBai)); ovqn-B^oL (fern. <tio- 

20 



d06 oy<»frHi£oEi -tar, 4ra. §§ 104^105. 

iieBot BMai%»), cft^ ««^*f^<» (fOnycB); i%-^-rAif (fern. «pywa y 
wyra))), *rt €%-(» (jiepKj); ysv-i^B?^ (npoBcioaAeBie), isop* 
yiv, Wp4 §aili; afdfo- (ntl". «CycTaa^, ^jeai^X sop. if. «f-« 
(coeAfiTHiiD) irpHcnoco^MD^ ^a^(r-dAii (njieTsa, 6wh)y on li4d<ra(a 
((Jbh), yjiapa© (5H«ieMi); ^^/x^dAo- (ntr. «ocHOBaHie, Eopen»), 
BOp. d^c^- (d^- ccKJactB)))) Gp. Bifxec (soaoseHHoe, Ha^ajio), 
riar. rt^^-fiit] eS-e^Bho- (ntr. ((OCBOBaHiei cijtajiHme »), nop. 
i^'i citp» ra(f (c0a4tb), e^'0f4cci (casycB), h»b *i^-j'oixai; Sv- 
cr-i&A^ft (nMes. MHOS. «yTBapfcy ynoTpe((jiJiexaji itpv TopseeiBax'B 
BS qeetb Bazyca»)^ on du-o) (septByn, BOBcroBCTByK)). 

■ 

§ 105. Bi JiaTHHCKOM'b asHst osoHWHie -tor OTJiHweTca 
ibJiimim tfB cpaBH6HiH ci rpe^ecKan pacBpooTpaHeHieMi^ thvi* 
Bak!& noopeieTBOHi ero odpasyercx npimctie (Sy^ymtro jpexoBH, 
0BaH^BBai)n(eeeir na -t^ro^^ soTopoe vh eBon ovepOAB eooTBir- 
CTByen nepBOHaqajiBHOMy *tdra (mK%'WKh <^ osasHBaeTCfl ocjra5-* 
jieflHtttti B3i a, bojAactbIo BjiiiHia cj[%xy»niaro r, paBHo Bass 
B*b caHCBp. ^r^ , pur-na h np.). IIpocTovy -tor- vh caBCBpii- 
ji cooTBfticTByen jiai. -tor- (aoTopoe crtAOBafejibHO bosboxht* 
OH fla -tdr). EpoH'ft -te^r-- yitotpe((jiireTCfl HHbrxa k ^f^r (bo- 
Topoe wb BocBeHBHX'b OB^iosax'B oT^pBCHBaen CBOD rjiacHyio), 
opeavyoiecTBeHHO x^« osBaqeaifl creneveS poxcxaa: pa-ter (oTeiri> ), 
wfdfer (Man), frd-ttr ((Span); jjor-or (cecxpa) =*5t^a-5ar, 
*«t?a-5^tor, cp. wo^ar (JEeo MeMepi — VeigL Granmi. 388--cjih-' 
^aen ci bthbi uobohi abb pasa Bci^ptvanoieecx bi HiiaA^ 
pect^ ^tena, tynpyra)^, Boropoe oitb otfiBcuflon hsi (rfo-a-ecf). 
^pypie npHHtpa: ac-cijp-i-fer (Bopmya^ Bctpetfi), bb'b W-cop- 
i-ter, BOp. cap (saxBaraBarB ); pedes'-ter^ (ptdes-tn- «Htoiff, 
xAxotBiii9»), on ped' (flora), B noAo^BBfl roiy npsjiaraTejiBBHa 
BTopoCTeHeHBHii: campes-ter (nojieBoB, npimaAJiesaniill b<!b noxn), 
on campus (bojb); teUus-ter (poj. ^?u5"<rt-5 «t8«Mno8, ea- 
xoAxniifeH hb 3iDBjrk)»), t»n ^tos (sobib), h op« Cp. h mater* 
tera (c^crpa HBTepH^ retsa), on mater (bbtb). mtni^ter 



G7«0HICG1> -for ^% JIAT. «8^ % 106. 30T 

(poi. mnJ^M «<»[;fa, noxoniHHR'B^), h cooTBtTenyniite^ eiif 
moffiS'ter (HaqaJiBHHB^, ywrejiB) o($pa30BaHa nocpoACTBon cy^- 
^Hsca, KrpaioHiaFO BasHyio poib opH otfpasoBaBia cpasHHTenBoB 
OTeneHH (§ 139). 

OsoHqaaie -tdr-, npexcraBJiflnHtee nomina agentis, ojim hb^ 
caxHxi paeopoeTpaHeaHHX^; SByq&Hfl GorjEacHHffy oKanqifBaiuitiii 
BopeoL, nepeA'B ehmi aojxhei nepexoABTS wb OTSByqnHH, aocJi^AHM 
sopeHflafl corJiaGiiafl HepftASo BsnaA^^^i^'B* rec-tdr- (HHea. rector', 
fOf,. ree-tdr-is «npaBHTej[E»)yH3:B ^reg-tdr-, to^.rsg (apaBHTB, 
jnpaBjmn); lec-tdr- (qBTareiB), Kop. leg- (iHTaTb); doc^tdr- 
(yq0Te.ib), FJi'ir. doc-ire (y^BT&)^ cKp. dig (ysasiiBan), sop. 
dik; auC'tor- (bbbobrhki, GO^HflBreiB), Has "^aug-tSr-, sop. 
aug (fiBOxan, efla($saTB); scrip-tdr- (QHcaTejiBX hbi *smh' 
tOr-^9 Bap. scrib- (nHcaTB); prae-tor- (mBHul BaqajiBKHS'Bi 
npoABOABTen, Bperop'B), hbi ^rae-i-tOr-^ Kop. i (hatb)^ cp. 
prae-i-rc (npe/^mecTBOBan ); owdl-^or- (GxymaT^JtB), orb oMdtre; 
ecn-di'tiT' (ocBOBaTeib), H31 \um-da-tOr-, riar. con-do (co- 
eTaBiBD, ocflOBHBaH)), HS^B *eum-clo (csp.Bop. aan-dhd); domi- 
tor- ( yspoTflxejiB, nosopiiTeJiBX on domdre (yKpon^aTB); con- 
temp'tor- (speeeiipeFaTejiB), on con-temn-ere ; ered-tor- (tbo- 
pei^i), rjiar. credre; com-po-tor- (« TOBapiiiii% bi HRpmeeTBtio, 
Oicer.), w^. p6—pd [j\mh)\ eZe-<rac-ftfr- (<«yMeHBfflHT6JiB»— Ta- 
cit.), rjiar. de-trdhere (cHHiaTB, ytfaBJiiiTB); con-jectdr- (TWr 
KOBSTejiBi raAaTejiB), riar. conjic'ere (co^BpaTB, TOisoBarB); 
imUd'tdr- (noApasaTejiB), rjar. imtdri («noApaxaTB)>; crwn , 
no Bcel BtpoBTBocTH BM^TO *miiii-tAri, cp. rpoq. fxi-ixi-of^cci 
«DOApaxai)»^ pas'tor- (nacTyxi), pjwr. paseere (bbotb), &op. 
pa (sopMHTB), ep. npoBieABi. sp. pd-vi^ h eyaiecTB. pd-htdum 
(Kopn, Bflniia); uxdr- (cynpyra) BpoHsoDXo Bipe^THo bstb 
iic-sOr=^ie-tOp-, Vec-tdr-, Kop. veh («Be3^TH»; uxor=ciBMW'' 
Bfts», T. 6. «b'Baoh'b Bysa»), cp. caHcsp. vi-vdh-a (ceBaABda, 
(Sf4B»»| (yBB. <(BHB080HiB»^ Bop. mh^^'vek'Cre). Uoc4iAi^^ 

20* 



308 cy^^DBKOi -tar. % 106. 

KopeHHan coriacHafl BHnycRaoTCfl lanp. wi: ad-j^-tor- (aoio]|(« 
HHKi, sacTjnHHKi)^ H31 ^ad-juT- rjiar. adjuvdre (noioraTB); 
ton-sdr- (dpajo^ptl ), Hsi *1iond-tOr-, war, tond-ere (crpH^^ 
CpHTb), Kop. tond; sud-sor- (cob4thmkx), hbx *suad-tOr-, war. 
suadere (coBiToeaTb); id-tor- (iicTHTejiE, sapaTeib)^ m *ulc- 
tor-, on ulC'isci (iciHTb, HaBasuBaTF), npnti. td-tua hsi *xdc- 
tas, H np. 

ffiencBifl i|)opM£r, cooTBtTCTByDn^in ciOBaii na -^-, ouhw- 
BaiDTca Ha 'trie- (hlme. -triXy poA. -trtcis): ad-jH^'tric (HieH. 

■ 

adjUtrix «noMomHHija»), oti ad-ju-tor-; vd-trix (ncTHtett- 
Hma); mere-trix (((jifAHHAa), oti mer-^ri ((ipio6p'bTaTB, saciy- 
SHBaTb); vic'trix (nodtAMTeJibHEi^t), ot'b t;inc-6ra9 sop. t;ic; com- 
pet-i'trix (<iccoHCKaT6JiBHBiiia», Gicer.); condi-trix (ocHOBaToib- 
HHi^a); novd-trix (<KB03o6HOBHTejibHff]](a» — Ovid.); concUid-trix 
(^nocpeAHin^a, coeABHHTejibHRitaD — Flaut.); na-trix (Box^HaA 
8Hifl)| orb nd-re—nat&re (niaTb, uaaaTb); db-ste-trix (hobh- 
BajiBHafl tfadsa), rjar. p&-5t(!!re (npoTHBocTOATb, CToaib Ha njTa). 
B'b n^-^i^ (KopMHJiHiia, HaMsa) BHoaiTi csovb -fri-, TaB'b-Bas'B 
OHO odpasoBaHO 011 rjiarojia nutrt-re (KopuHTb rpjAbi), lUTaTb), 
nu'trix cospan^eHO cjitAOBaTejibHO bsi ^nH-trt-trix. 

OKOH^asie -tttro-^ oana^afl npB^acTie (^yAyonaro BpeieHH aU- 
CTBHTejbBaro saiora, npHcoeAHHAOTCfl B'b rJiaroibHEiHi BopHini'b, 
yAepsHBaDniHMi zapasTepHsyDn^iB hx'b npHSQaBi cnpAseHUi: ro- 
go'tttro- (sejann^iB, HaiipeBaDqiffcfl npocuTb), sop. rog; scrips 
tHrO' (sejanniiB nHcan), sop. scrib; lec^t^ro- ( Hai^bpeBai)- 
nuBcfl wiaTi)), sop, leg; aadt-t^ro-j oil* audtre (cjnmaTb); por- 
hih-^'t^ro'f on pro-hib-ere (Banpen^aTb, npeniiTCTBOBaTb) h np. 

Si BTOHy cy4^4^HBcy npHHHBaeii OBOHqaHie -tAra^ oi^pasyDu^ee 
cyniecTBHTejibHHii soHCBaro poAa npeHHymecTBeHHO hsi riaroib^ 
mm BopneB: jac-ttira (norepir), on joe -ere (tfpocaTb); ton* 

• 

siira (cTpHsBa); bsi ^tond-tHra^ rjar. tondire (cTpaqb); cul- 
tHra (o(pa($OTUBaflie| otfpaBOBame)! orb eolere; nd-tiira (npH- 



oyftftffBoi -tar bi jiatih. jib. § 105. 809 

poxa), wn *gna'Mra^ sop. gan ( npoHSBOAHTi ), cp. gi-gnere 
{En *gi'gen'); prae-fec-Hra (aoishoctb rJiaBHaro HaqajiBHEsa ), 
on j^rae/edtis; cop-^^ra (jOBjfly npi^HToai), Kop. cop ( (fpaiB, 
MXBaTHBaTB ); frac'tura (Tpen^HHai otjoiori), sop. frag (lo- 
Man); coo-f^ra (neqeHie, Bapenie), rjiar« ooquere\ vda-ttlra 
(nojieiiy leTaHie), on voldre; unc-tHra (lasaflie), Kop. ung; 
tinc-tHra («EpaeBa» — Plin.)i ^^V* ^^^9^ scia-sura (Tpen^HHa, 
pasAopi), B8i ^scid'tttra^ sop. scid (acindere); cur-sura («cko- 
pafl i3Kai» — Flaui), hsi ^cur-tHra^ currere (eniniHTB, CRopo 
XBBraTLCfl); scrip-tura (nacBHO^ aanHcaa), nop. scrib; pic-t&ra 
( XEBonHCB, sapTHHa), Eop. pig; dictd - Mra (aoctohhctbo ahr- 
TBTopa); assd't^a (^xapsoe, zapefliex) — CcBl.-ApicOt ovh as^ 
sdre (xapHTB); armd-tiira (Boopyseaie, CHap^AH), otb arma 
(opyzie)y riar. armdre; geni'tHra (pozA^Hie, TBopesie), nop. 
gen; Utera-tura («rpaHOTHOCTB}» — cjiobo BTopH^saro o($pa80Ba- 
Biii), OTB Utera (dysBa, ^epra). 

Fpe^ecBoiy -rn^-io^ cooTBitCTByeTB jar. '^ter-to- hjih -ftfr-io- 
(toso vh ^opiit cpoAHflro poAa, paBHO BasB vb rpeq. flasKi), 
otfuKHOBeHBO BBSB cy$j)HKC!B BTopocToneHHRl: proC'tdriO' (ntr., 
iHOH. praetdriufn vaohb BaHtcTHHKa, rBapAia HinepaTopa, na- 
JBTU Bi larept riaBHOKOMaH;iyDQiaro»), on prae-tdr-; minis- 
ter -io- (cjiyz6a, HCooiHeHie), on minister; audi'torio- (ayAH- 
Topitf, y^HJiHBte), on audltSr" (ciymaTOJib, yqesHKi); dormt-tdriO" 
(enajBHii); tm-tdrio' (najiaTKa), on tendere (caaTflrHBaTbi paa- 
($iBaTB»; BAtcB "tdrio' osasBBaeiefl nepBH^HHiii); terri'^tdruh 

(seiMy npHHaAiesaqaa ropoAy, TeppHTopiir)^ on terra (aoMu). 

« 

Sa^b loxHo ynouByTB h o6% oaoHqaHiaxi -tdri-^ -tdli't tUi-, 
o6pa8y»niHxi npuaraTOJiBHnji, wb saqecTsft cy4^$iTKC0BB no npe- 
nyqecTBy nepBiqaHZi; cxoactbo aTHZi oBOBqaBiB BHXOAHn hsib 
€0OTBftTeTB6HHHn Hxi OTapaBieHiH, xoTH 'ti-li codcTBOBHO npH- 
iSBaen ei cy^jiHBcy -<i npHiftpii: mor^tdli' (ciepTHsS), Eop* 
ifkJtr- (csp. mar); vi-tdli' (usfleHBHS), ibb *viv-tdii-^ Bop. 



610 ctoeiKGH -tar^ ^^trt^ % 105. 

jasx6Bi» 0TH06aii(iScii»), wh *iina-tiii%^ lop. ^fm (po^HnX 
OT2t«-;(2n* ^noiesH&l) BBroxHHl), rJiar. isoivere <($dTVB «(opo- 
^HMi)^ cpite^eTB. solus (fem« «8xopo^M| fipftBircT&ie^); npua- 
Tstenboe salvO" (sxopoBuB, ij^iraM) coBnaAadn t% c&BCRpwsar- 
t^* fer-tUi- (uoAoioeBtii), sap. fhr (HecTH), fenp. hhar;rep^ 
ttti' (npecHfitesi^ileiiX ^^^^ rep -^ ere \(uojtQMh); sA-iUi* (ei^ 
CTaBHoSi <S!BRBiioB.)y fjtar* i;u*0fv (bihtb)^; iolr^iUi^ (HiorHfrBl, 
EpiBo8)| Kop. iorc-^ tMV» iorquefe (Bopo^aTi^ r^Tii); atnic- 
tUi- (ojostoiiiS, cocfaBHoB), rdiar. sttttere {eoeAHoi^T^ CTpo- 
irift), npiq. npom. vp. sfirt^C'^to':; 8ec-<i2i- (paapisaHBiiB^ pas* 
cftieiEHB), TJiitr. BBC-dre (pisaTL); versd-UH- (&<aBflXH0B^ ibv- 
ram^iBefl), rxar. versare {xBHraTB^ <iiMTpd BopowTE); jSc-^t/i* 
(ruHAHJofl), Hm *fig-tUi'j sop* )^» tjut^ .fingere (jiitfiin, bh- 
AiJNiBaTB). HpntpH BTopooreneflHaro *^^-': ^eii-^l^* (fi%xfl&i^ 
TOHEiBy ToqHHB), npHHHsaeT'B s^B npeAJiory aui&<iiwB); 0ea;-4(K- 
(nftBiaaiDfltiB laeeiDe mActo), ot% aeo; (mecT-B); umbrdrtUi* (Ha- 
xOAfii^tBcfl BfB rbHH), on amhra (lifib) s np* 

UpoMftpfl "OfiOfl^aBifl 'tro: ixru-tro" (ntr* ccniyri^), sop. or 
(opaiB, naxafB), Heeap. ar-^re^ep. ar-vo- (ntr. «imBHfl, ^ojiei^); 
rifS'tro (nix. <xsj[i>BfB^ dth^B hoci), apoiemeAineo» BejrtiOTBie 
pacBOXo(S2i^i[, Bsn^ "rod-tr^^ sop. roe^ (rpusra, rjroxaTB); j^Iee^ 
tro' iviv. ^JHDTHfl, mTpax>; BBCipyMeimy soTopuHi fAa/p»if no 
CTpyHaH%»)| ft^. ;j>^eerny <:p. plec't^ere (^^bitb, lattasHBaTBx^; f 
a% ttBOopejtiiOHHOii'B, I Bi ftpyrflX'B rjarOi^Baxi ^opMaxi bo- 

JIBBfl UpBBBMTB 8a SOpOflHOOy TaSl-SaU OBO BpeXGTaBJrflOTfB Oire- 
MflBVb ftJIBSO BpH^aBO^BHB, pBBBO SaSfb BO HHOXOCTBt Jiffl^Tb 

cjiOBii, cp. mac-t'^are, Ko^p. moe, flec^t-ere^ sop. ^6C, npom. ape¥« 
fiexi=flee-si, 'Oeeul't''aref sop.€wZ«»caZ, oeZ-^re«TaHTB»; j^bb- 

BOllftpHO H BO SHOmX'B PpO^. OIOBaX^ r npSCOeABEflOTOA KB b4- 

soTopcm BpesMarB b% sops»i bo 6fjksm SBfsoK^ sopeBBiiBi: 
j!6A«r-r-o», jcftJ^-r-flt), rusr-r-«, sopsn: i«Afi^-, 'x^i^gTy ro^ h m^); 



oyo«. 'tar, -tra n ut. 9 rotasi. #9. §§ 10i«"*l'06« 811 

verg-tro- (nix. «A'&TopoA««t iiJieBi»; Bqdii^ 0la«i. .972, «, 
ysasHMen bh BipoxTHoe cospameHie aitaro eiOM h^'b "vers-fi-tri^^^ 
cpaBBHaafl ^fo ci cshcbii. ior^^^ana ccteaticiili^y S9p. wri^Kpla- 
Tiun demittere, irrigare; bo cKop'l^e xojiiuio o'ebooht^ bto &iobo 
n vereri ^% BHaqeaiii ^((aaTBCi, ctsabt&caj^); cja^-^ra* (ntr. 
jnoTpetiMeTcii otfusaoBMHo bo hbo;«;. ucjfe c^at^s^ra ic3tiff«0B^^ 
«rpaAft»)» Bop. c2af^ (taoipan, sampBTb); mdc^tro- (ntr. 
cboxpSbbki))), H3i ^mtdg-tro, rjar. mvlg^irp {ji^n); Zi«*^fa 
(BBxpa otfssHoi^BBaa, Plin.), nop. Is^^ /eiere (mhtb); plaus^ 
tro {jxk. «noB038ay Tejitra*), rjai** jolaud-ere (xjroBarB, i6mh^ 
yAspATb); ras-tro' (ntr. <i(fpa((iiHx>), orb rad6re( eKpftoiar,/cso|$- 
jiHn^ ewiQan); fer-e-tro- (ntr. ffBoouKVD)| xjiar. ^r^€ (ho- 
chtb); rw-fro- (ntr. ^sacTyni, jionaia^^X rjiap* rt^ere (noBep- 
laTK, ((pocaii, aapHBaTB); 4iio»-^ro- (ntr. ocsBaueiiiey ajf^o, vy« 
jioBBfl(a»)9 mr. manure (HanoMiHaTBi npeAoereperavB); lurs^tro'- 
(ntr. Myxa^ tfepMra, HenofrpetfflEiB AOiiiv), vz^iv. Ju^ere (omu- 
Bati); B^ mafi5-<re«-o- (MteflfiHsB)^ tru osbsbbiotm o;4>4^HCGonb 
BTopoefOBeflBHVb, DpBjmaaa atb cymeeTBiT. iMefms (HtcairB'^ 
irftCAi|k); TBKi I Bi frus-tra (otfuBoirLy satipadflo)^ noTopoe 
OAfloro Kopu e% /rot^ (oi^aflii, satfjiyxAeHie). 

§ 106* B^ roreaoH'B b3HK'& cy^^^ascb ^ta/r Bapafluieir^b yao- 
.vBHyrBB yse npezKe CToneai poACTBa: fa-dar {{ntnf), sop. pd; 
brd'thar (atfpani); th b'b OKOB^aniB BBJifleTca pesyj^itfojtb .Biiia- 
Bia BopeHHoro r); dauh-tar («cAO^b» — BopoflHafl rjacHaa u 0- 
BaaHBaoTCfl SA^Cb b% ycBJieflBOH^ bba^9 BCJi^ACTBie BJiiaHia co- 
rJiacBoS h): sms-tar (^ecTpa). Hhomctb. rbcao qcrEX'b 4^q,pn^ 
OEaa^BBaeTca aa -^us: brdthr-jus^ bbeht. bro&rtms m ap. Bi 
cJiOBBMi Ba -tra npflpaA<sexarb: smair-thra (ntr. raea. smait" 
thr cceajio, aRBpi»), aop. smir = 8mar, cp« .^mor^a (aaaoa'a, 
stercus), fliw. acMier-ai (laBan), aHri* to amear; maur^ 
thr a- (hisbh. maurthr ntr. «y(5illcTB0»), Bop. «ar («yMpaTb»-^ 
M^ npiiBBBTejiiflavb aiawBia «y(!H^axb»)« Teiaaro jpo«cxosfte* 



812 0)r«9HiCGii -tor, -tra, -ti. §§ 106—108. 

Hifl cyTi: snu'tra (HyApHfl, pasyHHHBX eyotecTB. snu-trei (lyx- 
pocTB)) e^Ba-jiH cocTO^mee bi cbash cb mit;-an (TOponHTBCii), 
cp. HopACR. snot-r (pasjiHsK); ^i-^Aru- (flHOH. tnj%rM «6a- 
paHi, (^apamesi)))), 6uti» mozot'Bi hsi ^avi-thru^ la^'b-KaRi otri 
a><KOBiia»; OTi 8Toro cjiosa otfpasoBaHO co BcraBKoB s: avi-s-tra 
(EHeH. at;is^r ntr. aoBqapBii»); avi=MT. m^^csp. otH. 

IIpHHipH m% HopACEaro asHsa: /a-(fir (otoi^'b), beds, /"e^or 
(fedr); mo-dir (MaTb), poA. f»d<fwr=caHCKp. mdtur; hro-dir 
(6pan), 1H02K. hr{Bdr; sys-tir (cecTpa); myr-Sir («y6iHita» — bi 
nodTH^. cjort «HCTpe6ETejib)»)y sop. mar, cp. roTcs. maurthr 
(ytiiBcTBO^ sJcer-ctir (oTpftsHBanniiB ), nar. ^Arera ( ptsaxb, Bpt- 

3UBaTb)| 8T0 CJEOBO MOSHO H npjIMO OpOHSBOAITb On skttdia (OT- 

pisHBaTb), soTopoe B03B0AHTCE Ha Eop. sket. 

§ 107. Bl JEHTOQCKOn 1K3HB% BHffle-npHB6AeHHEI6 Cy$l|)HSCB 

^pesBH^afiHO orpaHn^eHHHy ynoTpetfiflflCB Mvoh hi HtsoTopHXi cjio* 
Ban, 03HaqaiDii(HZ'b cieneHH poACTBa: duk-ter- (ao^b), HHen. 
dMk-U (soHO^Hoe r Hc^esaeirbi paBHo BasiB'b caHCsp. duhUd)^ 
MHOS. MM. duk'ter-8^ tv.^. duM-tar-as^ rpei. bxr^uriqesy bh- 
HHT. IH. dUJc'ter-es; mo'ter- (hhoh. fnoM «cxeHn(BHa»^ nepBO- 
HaqaibHO Bib BHaqeHiH ajuaTb))); se-ser- (hsi Wster-, EaBi bha- 

HO HBl COOTBtTCTByD^HXl CJaBflH. 4)Opil'b5 npOflCmeAIDHX'b BX CBOD 

o^epoAb HS'b *st;e-d<er: €6-c-Tpa=*cBe-CTpa)y hxoh. sem^ hhozoctb. 
wcji. sl-sers. 

K H q A H I X 'ti. 

§ 108. PacnpocTpaHeHie aioro cyj^^^Hsea bo Bctoi coHuix'b 
HHAO - OBponeBcxaro naeNeHa cb tfojibmox) BtponTBpCTbX) cbha^* 
TCJi&CTByeT'b TOMiy 910 Tasoo oaoH^auie tfiuio cBoBeiBeHHO h 
npaHBHsy. Bi caHcapHTCBOH'b ssuisft bi ApoBaijc dnoxH, cyAH no 
j^opHft -^ja, osBaqaDHiefi A^enpE^acTiH npomeAOiaro BpeEOHE, oho 
npHcoeAHBEiocB BftpoHTHO Bi EasAOiy rjiarojibHOEy BopHD. IIo 
BHaqeHiD -ti o^pasyerb no tfojibmoB ^cte noHflTU OTBieiieEHHE, 



oyvftiKoi 'ti Bi OAHOSP. § 108. 313 

iHOFAa H nomina agentis; -^a (wb ^ti-a) xojisho npaniiaTB 
n pacmBpoHHyi) ^o^nj nepBOBa^aiBaaro -H. 

IIpBitpH EVb caflcspflTa: dhv'-ti (aocTOBBCTBo), Bop. dhar 
(xepxan) — npB ciOBan ei BopeflHHvi ar * riacaajr a ODjesaeTca; 
muk'ti (ocBOf^osAOHie, Bone^Boe (!iaseBCTBo)« Bop« muc (ocbo- 
((osxbtb); c^U'H (oaAeBiei ynaAosi), cop, c^u; juk-ti (rOjiaocTB, 
enoco($flocTB), sop. ju^ (cooabbbti); smr-ti (sasoflii npex^Bie), 
Bop. smar (noMBBTb); nt-ti ( nojiiTBqecBafl ByxpocTb, ((jaropa- 
Bjaie), Bop. nt (BecTR); nu-ti (noxBa^a, no^BTaaie), sop. nu; 
vrt'ti (aaHBTie, cnocoOi sfl8Bfl)| Bop. vart (Beprbncji, bbxo- 
AHtbcb); prtti (yxoBOJiCTBie), sop. prt (paAOBBTbCJi), AP«-({ojir. 
n^H-HTH, npH-uK; tus-ti (yAOBOJiBCTBie), sop. tus (aobojbctbo- 
BaTBCB, paAOBBTiCB); hht'ti (^ohsbb), sop. IM (({obtbcb), ap*- 
6ojir. coHTH-CA. EoBoqfloe m wb Bopat BepexoAaii b^ n, boco- 
boB 8ByK% B6 pftABO BHoaAaen, BCJi^ACTBie qero npoacxoAfln 
BBOFAa flpoi^ojiseBie Bopeaaofi riacHoi: ra-^i (yAOBOJiBCTBie, lo- 
((oBB)i Eop. ram (paAoaaTBCii, jd^btb); grdn-H ( ycTajiocTB), raar. 
gram (ycTaaaiB); ga-ti (floxoAsa), sop. gam (batb); kdn-ti 
(BpacoTa), Bop. ham (jii>6aTB); ^d-ti (poA'B, Boaoji'bBie), sop. 
^tm (poABTB); hhjd'ti (cjiaaa), Bop. Jcl^d (roBopBTB, aassBaTB). 
EcjB EOBe^BBB BopoBBaB coriacBaB ecTB dh, to obb bi cooab* 
BeaiB ci> t nepexoABT'b bi d,9kt m dh: dh-t BSBiBiieTeii CJii- 
AOBBTeJiBBO vh ddh: gud-dhi (owBteaie^ Bcnpaaxeflie ), riar. 
gudh (oun^aTBCfl)^ apa^acT. fuddha (<cqBCTBB» — apoBBoauio lai 
*Qtidh'ta); bud-dhi (paayii, pascyAOBi), bbi %tidh'tif sop. hudh 
(bbbtb, yBaaaaiB); vrd-dhi (yHBOseflie, pocn^ cucTie), aop. 
vardh (yiaosaTBCB, pacTB), 

-a BopeAi 'tif osasHBaDBieecB Vh aftKOTOpHX'B cyatecTBHTejiB- 
varbj npoACTaBjiiieTi no bgoB BtponTBocTH xapaKTepHCTasy eo- 
OTBlTCTBeaaHSB rjaroiBDiix'B BopaeB: ram-a-ti (jd^obb), aop. 
ram; vas-a-ti (sajtaqe), sop. vas (xbtb, npe($aBaTB); ci Aoi- 
ran a: pad-d-ti (nftxomeiti), pad (batb). 



3U «yft4>»i'C'b -tu g§ 108—109. 

S^ HexHoroucjieHBBKt nomina ageatis sa -4% Mfm%}i,mur% 
Hanp. pat'ti (ntioTBHe^i), hsi *pad*ti, sop. pad (vath); |^- 
M (poACTBeHHflKtb), xop. ^n (poxHTb); ja-U <ayciiBpiTeju, jKpo- 
THTeiiB», oooii. <ccTpacfel»X s«>p.iam (ycHHpxn, yspomaTii). 

^opaH Ha -^a| BRpaxanniifl jdenpi^acria BpomeAmart upe- 

■ 

aeBE, 3c>rp%«UDTca b% Tassn touso rjiarauHHXi aopaan, so- 
TopHe 0Ka&9HBfli>fC4t va KpBTisiji rJacnHfl h Konrof h6 CJiosenB 
<;h iipe;iaora»H; -^a oCiacESLBTCM m^b xpeBHJiro ^ti-d^ 78apHT#x&- 
naro saAeisa cy4»4»BBca -fi. (Q ^ ynoTpe($Jieioe aa Toxi*se 
eaaovx BHa^eHia, lasi -tga^ h npacoeABBflDn^ecfl HdntcpeA- 
CTB6HH0 Bi fiopH0, oospaqeHO HiTB -i^^a, e^ qtibi) .HstfimyTa ur 
BasoffJifHii coTJraeHBXiy sih oae^^roBBfiHaFO so j;f xy caHcaprra 
^o^OTaHia BBysoBt)^ IIpHKtpti: vi-gi-tja (u!o6tfjBWb osoH«iaTexa- 
Ho), Bop, ^ (aoiSftsxaTB); prastu-tja^ sop. stu <XBajiiTi», Ba« 
jinqaTB); m-hr-^a^ sop. 2;ar («Ati]iaTb)»y t^i-jbar « asMtHiTB, na- 
peHHa^iTBanx)^ bi cjiori^ ibr, r osasHBaetca spaTsoi) rjraoHOA. 
^To *^'a, a Be -^a tfuo nepBOHa^uurBHEm cyit^Jt^BsewB, A^^saaH- 
Banrn eqe HftsoropHe sopaa aa Hoeoacie e% npeAmecTBynaieB) 
spaTBOD raacBoB, KOTOpoe, aT($pocBB^ hocoboI eaysi, vpHiRsa* 
wn osoBqaaie -tja: d-ga-tja (iipa((jiH8aBinHCB, npHmexniH), sop. 
gcm\ vi-ra-tja (ojxoxayBi), sop. ram; ava-ma-tja (npeaapaBx), 
top. man a apoi. Gi ApyroS cToposo : pra-nam-ja (bosji'^bbb- 
biecbX sop. nam; ava-Ur-ja (eoniexHiB), sop^for; ^-i^-^'a (npi- 
rjeenBDW, BpBSBaBi), sop. hv& (M). Hs'b sopaal BioiaAaerB 
iBOTAft rMcsaB ub comcflafl: uc-ja (OBasaBi), aop. vac (aai 
EOToparO) aa BHnycsosii a, CTaHOBarcii i$C'); i^-ja^ sop. ^ag 
(cxepTBoaaTB)); Tose sa bbbjcsobi naceoif; jg- iiepexDAflnvB 
ig); ni-badh-ja sop. bandh (BBsaiB); pari-bhroQ-jaj sop. 
hhranQ (oaAaiB, TepffTBca), h np« 

§ lOS. I3!B AP«fiBe<*<$asTpiH6B0H'B asost eyj^j^ascB •ti ofSpa- 
ajen flOTTB BcsuMBTejiBHa BOBiina actionis; ^opvi, oooiair- 
CTBynnilBX'B cancsp* cji(maB& aa '^tja, bo osaaHBaeTca. 0($HXHOBaa- 



OT««HKO!b "-A h'b XP.-^BABri^. 83. § 109. S16 

BO ^ nj^craBiireTOX KitaHoiy sopHD, BOToparo riacBSH oaba* 
BO BBorAa soABepraevcJi «po;(OJi3BeHiiD bjih joureHi^i JBi ste^TO- 
psii oji^Bax'b '^i EMs^'feA t^se BtopocTeneHHHK'u OffKiitpB 
dd^BBiBato -^i: A;ere-^ '(^^BopiBeflie)) Bop. A;ar (A^JianX cascKp. 
Jkr*-<i; M'ti (npe^iiBaBie, xajiBUHe), Kop. ^ (en A;-&0; &uA;%-^ 
<weTOta), Bbp. hug (ntnti^ otIkkbkbtii); inis-<i (Bfoiii mis-H 
tuMEMtit^}^ icQp« m^ (opoTmaTi^ nungere), CBp^ mih; ratu- 
fri-^ti (Hd^HfBa BO-BpeaiJiX ^^P* /^ (JiB($Hny BeiB^arb), 4)Bp. 
jpf$; j9ilH-^ {sa^HTa), iU)f. jp^t^A^^iBATB); (?ar)?-^ (BiA^Bie.), 
Bo|^. dareg (BHA^Tb), esp. tlarg; haJch-ti {pasA'bJieiie), Eop. hw 
'd^soLfh^ pasA&iflTB); goQ'H (ciobo)), Bop%(an% (poBo^n), csp. 
.fas (gam-); gtii'^'4i (nosBaxa, l9eJiH9aHie)^ Bop. ,ctu {cmi^. stu- 
ti); fra-fru4-4i (rojoci, niHie), Bop» gru (aWHrnat** — csp* 
•grk-ti ^^laBftcTie, vojiBa, ewjofinw^ dbcbMox)); d-ztlA-U (x^tpr- 

BeBBHi BOAapOfo, 'SHpHOCTL), BOp. 0U (npUBBBaTB, KOJIITTbCB); 

j&4*ti <oo6AHfl9Bie), Bop. ju (wb pacmflpeBHoB ^opat ^j^ff^); 
t84i (spoii is'ti <cae3aHie»), Bop. is; g^-ti (xhshb^ ^P* ^ 
(irb gw- -ep. -gt^-ja csbboSa, OKp. «ap« Siv); jUoJ(JiS''ti 

(CBJRI, dD0GO(^HOCTB), OTb juJchs (tun CH JIB*HEIHl )| BTOpOCTeoeff- 

-nxA 4^t)(pBH on jug; j6s*ti -(qtaay noxBajia), BDp^ jo^ (usajiHTB, 

npOBOSBOCfflB^ ;|)a*i-^ (rOCBOjtBHl), OTl Bop. j^d (sa^BBiaTB), 

lipoACTaBaflerB nomen ajgientiis (csp. pa'ti)j paaso EaBi M-i'ti 
((BaBBHRnniiSoB peM6ckoi:^| qpoHBnueHHHBi), npoucxoAflsitee 06- 

pOflTflO orb BOp. %U XvO^Mfh^ BpMBBOABTb)* IIpilB'J^p^ BpflJia- 

raroflitaaro c% (;}^^BBCOii "ti iiB.ijieTCfl «% ^tip-ii (BJto»>8), ce- 
Mparo BOpoBb fT,pa4eH'b* 

BtopBqBHMi c;4>4^i^KCOB% 'U otfuapj^JEinuMSTCB Bib tiianvare-U 
^fff&^b), on JOTtiffictB^E^vo no snaqe^in Ihanvare; gdrm*ti (xa- 
BopaAsa)^ ^ipHMiiicaD^ee B^^iioflTHa B'b gdmiJij bah gAra (rojio- 

% 1 10. Bi -cpe^eeBOBRb •MUB'b -ti yBOTpedMewa qpeaaimRid) 
«orto An "(^paaoBaiM voHfliitf oua^m^maSb^ jumm^ aetiin8,ion 



316 OFOAHRCB -ti. % 110. 

cooTB'&TCTBeHflnx'b rjiarojBHHn Ropeel. -ti nepexoim BOCBia 
^acTO vb '(r$'<f KOTopoe cjiHeaeTCA cb npexmecTByDn^eD rytfeol 
vh -•J/i- , a CI ropTaHHoB vb -£/- : 'Tth-rt- (laeH. ifltms Um. 

• BtpHOCTB, A0B4peHB0CTB»), 13% Vi-^-TI-, KOp. Ifld- \ TtslBco 

(y((ftxAai)» yroBapiBEo); y/v-^-o-/- (posAenie, npoHcxoxAOHieX 
H3i *yeye-rt'9 KOp. ysv-j (pd-n- («p4%, HSBtcrie, cjiaBa» — 
cp. csp. &i&(j-^i «6j[ecKiy CB^Tix^X sop. (pcc- : (pfi-fxl (roBopi)); 
rf/-\|/i- (Tpeflie, noTHpaaie), hsi "r^ifi'Ti"^ Kop. rf/)3 (xepeTB); 
«»9ro->cct/!^\p/- (noBopoTi), H3i *-»a/x^-r/-, nar. ccyro-KccfxTf-r-io 
(cBopaqBBaia)y Kop. x^x/u^; ri^\|//- (eacJiasAOHie , yAOBOJBCTBie), 

H3l \8^7f'rt'f KOp. r?^^ (AOCTBBJIflTb yAOBOJBCTBiey ocBtzaTB); 

/3«-ff/- (xoatj, niecTBie), eai *i3ct-ri-=*g-^*"ti"> *^P» i3c» (hath), 
cap. ga-ti; /jlI^s- (^uiinHBaHie, coeAHfleflie)| m ^/u/y-n-, nar. 
f^ly-yv-fjit (CMtniHBaiD), Kop. /w/y-, MT. misoerc; vf^ie-m' (sa- 
BECTB, BeroAOBaBie, qyBCTBO xecTH), sop. vsfx (yAtjaTB, nasfla- 
qaTB); iJiv^'a-rt' ^ (hhcjib o qeai, oaHflTB), sop. ixvcc (ocno- 
iiflBTB)> — CO BCTaBsoS MOSAy oKOHqaflieiii h sopHOM'B npsdaBoq- 
Bare s), cp. fjLt'fxvn'(TMi> (qombd, flanonHBan); o/ien-<r/- (sEjrflQe), 
nar. ondn (o((HTaD); oy^trh (oojBsa), rjiar. oy-h-tifxs (npHBOfliy 
noJBsy); oy^jh (bhax), hsi *o7r-r/-, sop. wr- (bia^tb); o^s^i- 
(seiaeie, CTpeMjeaie), hbi *of€y-ri-, nar. o^^^-d? (<KnpocTHpa» 
pyBy», Bi cpoAB. sajiori «S6JiaD»); (x?(»£-(r/- (B3JiTiei BstfpaHie), 
OTi c6/f-eai (tfepy), csp. sop. har; (r/£/- (mHotflie), rjiar. (tF/j^o) 
(iOHDiK))| cp. AP*-(^oj[r. cbhc-toth; cc?<enph (HaMaBSBanie), En 
ccf^t<P'ri'^ nar. ccXei(p<» ( BaiiaBHBai), BaNantan); ^ev^i- (cobah- 
HOflie, sanpflssa), zn ^fty-r/-, uar. ^svy-w-ijn (8anpjirai)| 
coeAHBUi)), sop. ^uy; ufj^^^- (o^Mtai, cMtaa, ymiaTa), hbi 
"dfASi^rt^ TJiar. dixsi^o) (cutHflD); r^^/- (posAeflieXss'B Vne- 
r/-, cp. rix-of, T^vov (wm), r/x-r« (posAax)); Si^^i- (cso- 

TpftHio, BBOpi), HBl ^Ss^K-Thj U%V. Se^KOfJLCU (CHOTpD); ?fVp|- 

(nojisaiie), hsi Vf^-ri-, sop. sarjpyrjiar. i'(^-a> (oojiaai), npe* 
CMiiBaDCB); ^T'i/Kvl/i- (aocneie)! ibb Vf/4^-r^, raar. ^i/^Ti^ 



OF00fficft^ ^U Bi rpxq. £8. § 110. 817 

(nocHJiaD J ornpaBJiflD) ; Z-ah (aosab), rjiar. v» (cNa^iBai), eny- 
CKaD aobab); uf^^trs- (AyHOBeHie)i rjiar, ^pr-f(/ (aji), Bostfys- 
Xai>); uTtLfrrdK^i" (ornpaBJieHie), rJiar. uTfo-rreh}^. Nomina 
agentis DpeACTaRMDn [xccv-rh (raAftTejii), sop. man (AyHBTb), 
TTc-o-/. (lysi, cynpyn), csp. j?a-<i (noBOidTejiB), sop. pa (sa- 
miiniaTL), H fxci^'-ri' ( xhoibbbi, rpa6HTejib)| oti (jLcc^-oi) (oBJia-' 
AibBai), cxBaTHBax)); Jleo MeMepi (Yergl. Qramm. 329) opi- 
BOAin H KoL^i' ((Span, cecTpa), rAt Bopo^OMi ipyA&o ysasaTB 
Ba oacTOflqiS KopeBB; cDAa npBHaiJiexHrB h ifo^-rh (reJieHOEi, 
lOjiOAoe sflBOTBoe), on sopfl. Tfo^ (par — BeBBBftcTHaro npo- 

BCXOXA^BiB). Ecu Kl TaEHX'B CyiI(6CTBHTeJEBflEm BpBCTaBJIII6TCX 

BTopHqaaB cy<j|)$Hsci -xo-i BBiitHBJi hxi bi BpflJiaraTe.iBBHB, to 
"o*!- BcerAB nepexoABTii bi oepBOHa^, -n-, cp. oxl^/^* — o^-rz-Ko- 
(spHTe JBBiifl) ; off£/^ — o^sK^ThKo (BOstfysAaDBiiB xejiaaie), bsi 
*cfey-T/-xc-j ^i^'/-^ — TTCT'-rz-xo- (cno€0((cTByi>aii8 BBBieBapeHii)) 
I np. 

OsoHqaflie -o-Z-cv (hbi V/-«)i -o'/^ BeTpt^aeicB otfaBHOBeBio 
Bi cjiOBaxi nepBHqaaro o($paBOBaRiB : oivo-^o-crZ-a (oHTBe bbbb), 
Bop. ^0- (nBTB)i cp. ^/-yo) (bbk))) npom* ap. 'Tfi^o^Ku^ a-yvo^ 
o-i-et (BesBafliOy BeHSBftcTBoCTB) , ftop. yyo) (bbbtb): ys-yvGo^cncoo 
(SBax), ycMBTpEBax)) y csp. Bop. ^nd; (pshM^o-ahct (qeApocTL), 
Bop. Jo- (ilJohfjii «AaDx>)i cap. dd; xei^c-Be-aUoo (pyaonoiose- 
Bie), riar. rl-^yn (BJiaAy)i Bop. Bob-^ CBp. dhd; xsi^oc^-ia 
(cTHqKa, cBBJiBa), hs^b ^xsi^'Cc^'TloLf rJiar. uTf-r-fo {^a^En/kuiam^ 
xBaTai)»; %Fi^ ^py^a^X sop. cctT" (cp. qemcs. sdp-ati se na». 
cBftflaAaTB Ba Boro»); v^^o-aroi^i-ov (cToaqaji boaBi npyA'B) BOp. 
OTCL' (ctobtb), hrvrijn (cTOD, CTaajiK)); iW-cr/os ( DpocB(lAy Bcsa- 
Bie aafliHTn), Bop. /x- (hpbxoabtb, yHOJBTB), rjiar. iK-vi-oixcci ; 
fef^cuaia (patfoTa), Bop. p^fy (AtJiaTB, pa((oTaTB), cyB^ecTB. 
Rf/^y (A'bao); dTro-arc^alcc (oTBftAOBie, BOBCTaBie), sop. crrcci 
tK-Kkn-aleo (coi^pabie, AepBOBB), on rur. x^A-ea^ (soayi cobu- 

Bav) H flp. 



313 cydOHSCB -tL % 111. 

§ 111. npwkpii OROH<mHifl -ti vh JlaT0IeROH^ ii^usi: ves^ 
ti' (an. ves-tis feiru «0A02BAa»)) KQp. vas (o^n^Thj—vL'b dTOMy 
ej^fHiscy iM^sen en^e npHCxaBJiflTbCfl -yiefc^rtT^^-rmanfo-. 
(ntr.); i^ec-^* masc. <icpH^ri»»), orh veh-ere (BesTiy lecTH), 
Bop. t;eA=uepBOHa^. t;a^%(cKp. t;ai&^; fbr-ti- (tuiAhviultt ]pa(^ 
pHi), H<^p. Z*^ (HeGTH, eHocBTb): hoS'ti" (<cBpar%»: cABnaxajio 
nepBOHa^ajibHO no aHaqeHiD ci cjiaa. toc-tl), sop. hos (cp» 
eaHCBp. ghas «teTB»); nep-ti- (nHei. n^^^ fern. «BHywa»>| 
npHiasaerb bi ^ejp-o^- (BHysi), Rop. napy cp. eanesp. nap^r-^ 
xencR. $op«a: nap-^rl; nocrti- (unen. nox^ iem. «HOYb»), sop. 
HOC cocTOHTb B'bpoflTHO B<B cBflaH CI noc B'B aHaqeaiii «yHHiTO* 
aaTSy HorH($an»y ep. nec-o (y()HBaH)) h noc-60 (Bpesy), ra* 
Boe^se oaoHqaeie OBaaHBaereii i wb xp^Bge-tfojir. HOtU'Tk, «- 
TOBGB. ndk-tl-y dd-ti' (eieH, (?o^, fem^ «npiij(f^oe^, BlHO»)yfiop. 
dd (jaTB); ^e»-<i- (Hapo^i), siieH. gms^ Bop. ^aj» (pOAicn); 
mor-^i- (hm. mors «CMepTb»), Kop. mar (lepen); sor-ti^^ 
HH, 8or^ (<{cyA^»)9 Bop. sar^ ep. Jiar. sef^-ere (eBflaHBan, 
ofUKaTB, TBopHTb); /k^-^- (masc. ccnajTRs, ((aToris)), Rop. b%- 
pi^fiTBd fid:find'ere (hojotb); d^ij9-i-^« (hm6h« ^^ijpe^, masc. 
«ROJi%, enoJL% AGp6Ba»)y sop. $tip, aeoBpeA* £%are (cshmtb, 
OTicHaTBX cp. yHeHBBiBT. stip^uia ( CTe6ejri»^ eoJ[0HiiHa ), GoptfcR* 
cmadM (Aepeae); me^-^- (fem, m^si^ «saTpa»), h» ''m^t'- 
ti rJiar* fie^-^ere (saib); seg-e-ti- (flHen. 9e^« fern. «BitBa, 
9aTBa»), riar. aae-are (pftdavb, rmiiitb), -Al^^^tSojir. G'^ui-th, 
cw-;k; os-^si- (iiMeH. os nix. «RecTB»), En *coi}«1i*, ep. oait- 
CBp. aa-thif Ap«-($ojir. Koc-Tk ; ^om^j^rii- (bioh. cofMjpo^ <k BJacr- 
BHHy BjiaAtoB(iB»X B8i '*eum-*pa-ti^, cp. e^p. jpati ( BJiaA^jie^i), 
Ap«^(oiF. -no-Ai^, Qi roc-noA^; qui-S-ti- (HieH. ^^ies ^otabs^, 
noRo8»), Bop. 9tii = 1ci, caacB^p. Qt (lesw), rpe«. K^Trjt^cef 
(lesy); div-i-ti- (H«eH. d[itK5 ^CararalB), cp. div-u» (ior 
secRiB), Rop. div^ CKp. div (tfjiecTtTB); cam-i-£e- (aRea. e^f 
mes «cnyTBBLa»x>), sop. i (batb); BTopocTeDeHHEiHi MJia^icM 



Gy««HBCS -ti Bl JIAT. <C8. § 111. 819 

^i vh jperf-t-<i- (Hiei* jpcrfc« ctirtiniB*), ot'b ped- {mw. pes 
«ffora»)9 cp. eaiCRp. pad'd-ti h pat-fi; dl-i-tt- (emu. dies 
«KpujiaTBH»)9 on aZa (spiura); semethti" (fern. ccnocbBi*), 
on» semen (c&ma), Kop. ^a- (cp. sa-to- npHiacT. on s^rer^ 
«ctiiTBx>) H np. OoHHHTeifcHO DO Hpoiiexosj^eHm ecTb ar-ti^ 
(hi6h. ars fern. «onuTHO€TB, bckjcctbo, xyj^osecTBO*), npo- 
HCxoAAn^ec^y 6uTb MOserB, on BopB« ar ( BATfr, ($uTb be)cobbii), 
BB ROTopoMi oeHOBQBanTCii rpe^. ce^^-^-rvf (AO<(poAlTeji») b ap*- 
((asTp. ar-e-<^ (nojibsa, bbbohi). 

OBOB^aflie -ti pBCfflHpjieTOi B'b -tia^ nocpeACTBOH'b npsoraBBB 
El Boiy nacBofl -a, b cooTH^TCTByen bi trboh'b cjiyqa'B caBcsp. 
-Ija Vh cJioBaxi, kbk'b-to: gi-tjd (Bo<J4j!a), Bop. ^; hr-tjd 
(aIijio), Bop. X;ar (a'^jibtb) b np.; -tia OTB'b^aen spoMi Toro 
BUflienpflfieAenBOMy rpev. -tri^t^ oi^paaya bo^tb boofab eyfl^ecTBB- 

VeJIbBHB BTOpB^fHHlf; BepOA^B t BBMtBBeTCfl Bl U UpBltpEi: 

avari'tia (cByBOCTb), avaro- (eRyfloH); pigri-tia (^i4bb), on 
pigro' (jiftBHBHfl); Uandi-tia (jfiCRaBie, bIshoctb), on&Jondo- 
(jiacKOBHS, yroAJiBBHS); noti-tia (sBaBie^ eBlA^flie), on noto- 
(BBB^CTBiifl), ep. no'ta (sBaRii BpssiTa), Bop. ^na =AP*-tfojrr. 
^m; duri-tia (TBopAocTb), 01% dur-o- (tbopahS, secTsiK); 
sttdti'tia ((JeayMie), orh'stulto- (^esyMBsB, wyBuB); nigri-tia 
(qepBora), on nigro-; pudici-tia (cTSAJiBBOCTb, i^tjiovyApefl- 
Boctb), onpi^ico' (cTUAJiBBiiR), KQi^.pud; mdli'tia (xBTpocTb, 
KOBapcTBo), on malO' (BeroiBuS, A}pBoB); laeti-tia (Bocejiio^ 
jAOBoibCTBie), on laeto- (Beceiuij, paAOCTBsfl); niqui-tia (bo- 
TOABOcn, Bcnop^OHBOCTb) 9 on niquam (indeclin. (caeroABixS, 
jitaflBEi8x>y BO BpoBocx. eTOB. nequissimO"). Bi nup-tiae (dpasi, 
eBBAbtfa) ey$$flRc*b -tia ORasuBaoTCB BepBRTOHMi. 

Ilo6omna $opMa OR0B<iaRifl -tia ecTb -tie- (bb bmob* -tiesj^ 
BOTopan oQOBb BO p^A^o A'^ OABOPO B Toro-so CJiOBa cyoDie* 
exByen yajifivh ct -tia : pldm-tii- e pldni-tia (^Mmm); duri- 
ti6- (h«. duriiies) b duritia; nigri'M' a mgri-tia; amtci'tU' 



820 oyooHBOi -<«• § IIL 

(ApeBHflfl ^opu — Jleo MeKepiy YergL Gramm. 552) h amtci- 
tia n Dp. Gyj»<t)BKCi -tio (HMeH. -tiu-m)^ npi cymecTBHTeiB-* 
BHii cpeAHflro poAa: hospi-Ho- (noqjer'B, roCTHHHBi^a) ; on 
hosjpit' (oocTopoHHiB, HHOCTpaHei[i); consor'tiO' ( coo6iAecTBO| 
TOBapiiniiecTBo), on con'Sor-ti" («TOBapEiA'L»y HHeH. consors)^ 
rjiar. con-sarere (cBflSHBaTb, cnjieTaTb); comi^^tio' (aapowoe 
Go6paBie| ceflHi), on comit" h np« 

nepBflqHQM*b *;io- ABJiBOTCfl Bi tn-i-^to- (flaTOJO, BCrynjieBie), 
OTi in-fre (bxoahtb, BCTynaTt); serw-fio- ( cj[yx6a)y w. sen;fr6, 
H BtpoflTBO H Bi jpr6-<io- (iitr. oditHax))/ cb TeHBHii no npo- 
EcxoxAOBix) Kopaeiii. 

C^ BpHciaBJieHBQH'b -»t cy^^BBCi pacmnpiieTCii bi -fio-ni- 
H otfpasyeii lEoroqBcioflHHH paspa^'b cyniecTBOTejiBHHX'B soh- 
CBaro pOAa, npeACiaBJiBDiDiBX'b otfQKHQBesHO OTBjieqeBEiifl noHHTifl; 
OTuocaqiflCJi CDAa cjioBa npBBaAJiesaTi ki paspaAy oepBB^EHxi: 
ac'tid-ni' (BMes. actio fern. <«AftJO»), h31 *ag-tiO-iii-, Eop. ag 
(A^JiaTB A'bBcTBOBETb); sta-tidni' (m^cto opeCSHBaBia), sop. sta 
(cToaTb); pd'tidni' (HanHTOBi), Kop. pd = pd (dhtb); pro-dt- 
'tidni' (BSMiBa), Wb *pra-da-tja-ni, Kop. da=dd (AaTb); co-gna- 
ttoni" (poACTBo), B8i *cum-gna-, Kop. gan (poAHTb); can-tidni- 
(iiftcBB, BaroBopx), on canere (atTb); ctd-tidni' (o($pa(SoTBBa- 
Bie), rjiar. colere;. BopeaHoe EOfle^Boe d cb cji'bAynBiHM'b -tio 
wcTO cJiBBaoTCfl B'b -ssio: ob'seS'sidni' (ocaAa), bbi *ob-sad- 
tio-, Kop. sad (cBA*Tb): sedere; can-ces-sioni- (ycrynKa, co- 
wacie), bbi *cum-ced-tio-, war. dd-ere (BHXOABTb, ycxynaxb); 
ag-greS'Sidni" (npHCTynjeBie, BanaAeaie), bbi *ad-grad*tio-, 
Bop. gradf cp. grad-ior (marax)), grad-us (amarii^; cp. pyccs. 
ipjid-yniit, roTCB. gridi- <(fflapi» — HMea. grids). KopoHBoe cJ 
nepoA'b t noAwiesBTb HBorAa onyoieflii): ef-fu-sidni' (npajiHTie), 
HS'b *ex-fiid*tiO-^ Kop. fud (jiBTb); oc-ca-sioni' (cjiyvaH), mi 
*ob-cad-tiOiii-y Kop. cad (naAatb); con-du-sioni' (saBiDqeflie), 
H8I1 *cum-clud-tio-, npocr. tut. daudere (sanapaTb)^ fl np. 



cyftAHKoi -H Bi roTOK. Bz. § 112. 321 

§ 112. Bi roTCBom asHsi osoH^aHie -tt no aBysoBHK'b 
iipaBHJiaHl nepexoAHTi bi -di uh -thi^ nocit d, h^ f oxeaso 
ocTaeTea -ti (HHOPAa h docjA m); OTHOcantiiica ei>Aa cyqecTSK- 
TejibiiHfl ((HBaDTb zeBcsaro poAa s anpasaDn oohatui otbj[6- 
MeBHEu: gaskaf-H (hioh. gaskafts fern. «TBop6Hie»)y nop. 
siop: ga-skap'jan (TBopiTB, coTBopflti), cp. HopACS. akep-na 
(fenoi. <KTBapB, TBopeaiex)); anda-haf-ti (eiieH. andahafts «ot- 
Bftn, saqnTa*), sop. Aa^* and-haf-jan (oTBi^aTb); ga-taur-thi- 
(hh6H« gataufihs « pasopenie i> ), sop. tor, ^a-toiran (paapHBarB, 
pasBiisBBaTb), MTJL. to teaf^ bIh. zerr-en (hsi ter-jen); amJa- 
num-ti' (HieH. a»(2anumto ocnpHHflTie»), raar. nim-an (6paTBy 
BaxBaTHBaTB), xp.-tfoir. hm-oth, csp, ^am; ga-hug-di {^Mjn, 
coBBaeie), rjar. hug-jan (jiyiiaTB, npeAcraBMTb cetfft), Hopxcs. 
hig-r (xHciB, xyx'B); ^a-gum-^%i- (Rxen. ^ogfiin^A^ «co($paHie»), 
rj. 9$m-afi (npixoxHTB); ga-kun-di- (yroBapHaaHiei y6isAeBie), 
rji. kunn-an (ssaTb); ga-mun-di- (aaiiflTB), rjiar. mtm-an (no* 
mbhtb), cp. mun-a (HucjiBy pimeflie), Kop. man, jut. min- b^b 
me-mtn-i (Ap.-(Sojir. M-iiA-Th); fri-sah'ti' (npaitpi, saraAsa), 
Kop. sak: sak-an (coopHTB); ga-sah-ti' (ynpesi, nopHi^aHie), 
rjar. ga-sak-an (sanpeii^aTB, yrpoxaTB); slauh-ti' (Hxea. slauMs 
«8aBajBBaBi6»)y on slahan (<Shtb, yAa^an), ci ycEJieaion 
BopeBBoB rjacHofi; vis-ti- (cyqecTBO, upHpoAa), ri. vis-nn {6uTh); 
W'tauh'ti- (coB6puieHie)| nar. as-tiuh-an (BaiflrHBaTB, coaep- 
maTb); aih-ti- (bodib, co6cTBeHflocTB)y nar. aig-an (aiiiTBy 
BjaA^TB H'iwh)^ cp. H v-aih-ti (Ben^B) h Xf.^ojLV. B6Ui-Tb; 
inna-gah-ti (bxoai), Bop.' ga (hath), Bib yABOOHnoxi bha^ b^ 
BOonpeAftJieHflOM'B gan-gan. 

EcjiH BTOTi cy4^$HKCib otfpasyoTi cyqecTBHTejiBHHa lyxecsaro 
poABy TO OBI DpoACTaBjauTi^ otfuBHOBeHBO nomuia agentis: hunda- 
fa-di" (HieH. hunda-faths masc. <kcothbbi», 6yBB. « BjaAiJieii'b, 
rocnoABBi bbai C0THe8»), /a-(2i = CBp. pa4i ocHOBiiBaeTCJi aa 
Bopsft pd (aanvn^aTB); hruth-fa-di- (uei. Iruth-faths «se- 

21 



322 cy»0HECi> -t%. §§ 112—113. 

BHXiA = (cco($CTBeHHHfi'& HeBtcTQft); ga-drouh'ti (hh. gadrauhts 
«BOHHi)»)^ rjar. dfne«^-an (eaxoAHTLc;! bi BoenHoS cjifz6i, 
cpasaTboi); gas-ti- (rocib), BieH. gast-s^ cp. mt, Aoa-ii-s. 
Gjiobo sta-di' (raeB. sto^As, 5^0(2^, masc. «MiCTO| Kpa8»), Eop. 
stay cocTaBJiflen HcajinqeBiey Taici-Kasi, (iyAy<iB MysecRaro poAa, 
He npeACTaBaBeii nomen ngentis. Oti BeBBBtcTUHX'b bo dearie- 
hIk) h ^opu'b sopaeB x)6pa30BaHii: bans-ti (bmb. bansts mase, 
coBiHi^p; e^Ba-Jiu bi cbbsb c% AP*-H'bM. pant ^cbbbI), noBB8Ka»); 
lais'ti (bmob. Z(m<a masc. «Tpona, Alxb»), KopoBB, (Sun ho- 
26TI, *lait (h% SBa^eBiH «BOABTb, py&OBOACTBOBaTBD), cp. AP»- 
BtM. leit'tan (boabtl). 

§ 113. Cy^^BKCl 'ti Bl JIBTOBCKOHl BZUlA 00 CBOBNy 8Ha* 

I 

^eaix) no^TH coBctm coanaAaeTi ci cooTBiTCTByx>mBH'b euy 
OKOB^anioMi Vb aaHsaxi ciaBaBCKHX'b. Oni o($pa3yeTi: 

L HeonpeA^JieBHoe BaRXOBeflie, Tasx-aaRi K^ EasAOay rxa- 

rojBHOHy EopBK) BpHCTaBJiaeTca -<i: at^^-^i (pactH) xar. aug- 

ere; suk-ti (BepiiTb, RpyTBTb); dr^ti (naxarB); d^g-ti (xbiib), 

CRp. dah; glr-ti (nan); gr£b'ti (<c3axBaTHBaTL», cp. sa-^p^- 

amt); lilc-ti (ocTaaxflTii); kov-d-ti (cpasarBca), Rop. hu; kip-ti 

{wn, sapHTb), cxaa. aop. neK*, cap. pac; bti-ti («6HTb», 

CRp. bM'tif OTBxeq. cyoiecTB. on bM). Bi pasroBopaoBi asiiRt 

Roue^Boe-i BToro cj^^^l^flRca nocTOflBBo OT^pacuBaeTca, TaRi-VTO 

roBopBTi: degty but^ kept^ art b np. (To-se caMoe ORasiiBaeTCfl 

H oiHocuTexbBO cxaB. OROH^aBia -ti vh HeonpeAi^eBnoxi»: Taxi, 

TKb oflo HO coRpa^eBO BCJitACTBie Biioycaa rjiacHoii BapoAflHS 

roBopi BcerAft BHsycRacTi L Taai annp. h% ^emcROMi asuRft 

Bi paaroBopt BcerAa ynoTpe($xa]0Tca ^opxn: ^Medat^ videt^ 

mitfpity orat^f bhIcto rpaHxaTHqecRBXi: ^Uedati^ videti^ fn{tiy> 

B np. Taxi H h^ cepCicKoni xsuxt uMam^ nucam^ Aeoicam^ 

dam BiicTO uMamu^ nacamu h np. Bi» nojibCROMi, pyccKoxi 

H xyxHi^ROMi asHxaxi yse b^ rpaixaTB^ecRBZi ^opxaxi aeo- 

BpeA'baeBBaro BHoyn^eHO soBevfloe i, xoia ono noBiiaao aa upeA* 



GyftOffK<}i 'ti Bi JHT. fl9. § 118. 323 

inecTsyion^ee t, cjiHBmHCB ci bhhx bx SByiLi CMArqeHHyH: pyccs. 

HM^y DOJIBCK. H JiyXHIlK. 6). 

IL -ti o^pasyoTi oeHBoroqHCJieBHnS paspBA*^ cymecTBBTejiB- 
BHxi, DpeACxaBJiBDaiiixi Hjm noBaiifl OTBi^^eHBEiA, hih nomina 
agentis, B!B DocjrbAHeMi cjiyqai oBOBHaaie -co bi poAHiejisHoxi 
ysaaBBaen aa levy -;ja, npoHcmeAniyK) hsi -ji: jpitJ-^i- (niei. 
piu'tis fern. <icsaTBa»)y rjiar. pidu4i (ct^B, ptsarB, bochtb); 
jm-^im-^i- (hx6h. j^n^tm^s fern. ^cyn^ecTBo, npHpoAa»)y sop. 
gantf rjiar. pri'glm-ti (6eitb BpoxA^auHMi, POAbtbca ci..)» 
jpa-^m-^i- (HxeH. paUntls fern. ^nosHaoie^), rjar. pazlnti 
(nosHaBaTBy yaaaBaTB), sop. Un (^uaTH), ci^p. gnd; nu-tar-tl- 
(bm. nutartls fern. «ynpesi, nopHiiaflie»), oti ft^r-ti (roBopHiB); 
pa-ti" (rocHOAHH'B, cani)^ HxeH. pats vb vis-pats («o6jiaAaTeiB 
iDAeSx) — TBTyjii KBBseB h sasBaHie Bardi cp. AP«-((ojir. roc- 
noAb), poA* 'pa-teSj nop. j?a (saa^Hman); gen-ti' (bh6h, ^en- 
f^ masc. «poACTBeHHBK'B)» — poA. gent4s h ghnco)^ sop. ^an 
(poAHTBCii), MTOBCB. gam. 

-fi, H3% nepBOflaqaaBoaro -"^(/a; BCTpftqaerea b'b: ram-tja- 
(hucb. ramfis masc. (cnoAnopai))^ rjiar. r^m^i (noAOBpaTB); 
rais'tja' (niiefl. rai^is masc. «noBa3Ka»), on rlki (BirsaTb); 
lank'ija- (men. IhnJc-tiSf masc. ccmotobbio^), oti> 2^nA;-Jt (aa- 
MBTHBaTB); jau'tja- (HiieB. jdu-tis masc. «BOJi'B, (Shrx^), sop. 
jae« npeACTaBjaoTi pacfflupeaQyio j^opay npocraro ju-, BCTpt^aK- 
marocB Bi Jiar. jH-mentO' (pado^iR, bbd^hhB cboti), soTopoe 
BBpoqem boxbo o6iacHHTb h hsi *jiigmen-to-; sta-tja-- "»5to* 
ce («ccToa4iB» luefl. ^{(i-ce^y e8'i» ^sta-tja-s)^ sop. 9to (gtoatb). 

IlepeA'B 'ti CTHBHTCfl HHOFAa BpaCaBo^uoe s: rima-s-ti^ (aieH. 
rimastls «noRoB»), r.iar. rimti (oTAHxaxB^ noqaaaTb), sop. ram; 
luk-e-S'ti' (uHeE. ZfiX^esfis masc. ocsaAesAa, 0SBAaBie»), rjiar. 
Iduk'ti (xABTb), nop. luk; rup-e-s-ti' (exeH. rupestis fern. 
«3u6oTa»)9 Kop. rifp (<K8a((oTHTBca»y cp. man riip ay xeaa aa 
jiymty aado^ycB^). OiOBa BiopHqaaro otfpaaoBaaia: prStd^-ste 

21* 



824 cy^AiBOB 'ti, -tu. §§ 118 — 114. 

(Apystfa), on pritelius (ipyri| npuTeis), sop. pri^ csp. prt 
(jiD^HTb); v(^il-y-8te (aopaxoKii xBCiiiDJiHHa, cspoHHOcn), on 
viUibas (qecTHHB, cspoiHsl), cp. pyccB. enaicAue-u^, Bop. vii 
(sHaTb), cJiaB. B%A-. H b% roTCBOis slzwA nonaxaDTCJi ejoBa, 
rA^ MOSAJ KopHOMi E oBOH^iaHien -<i BCTasjieHO s: dU-brun-s-ti' 
(mm. dUhrunsts cBcecosseaie xepiBi, BeecoMraeiaa^), oti 
riar. brinn^an (roptTb). 

BejiftACTBie cJoseBin OBOH^aniH 'ti ei -ni npoHcxoA^n ^op- 
hh: 'tihi^ 'tif^a^ bjh tine = *tif^d: fno1c\'tini' (aieH. mominis 
masc. ocyveBiBiB), i*«i^i** ^mJAhH (y^iTB^ pasJcu-tini' (nen. 
IKi^A^uAntd «006JitAfliBD), o^Ti pdskui (nocjifti sa), caHcap. pafcdt 
(sAtCB -tini- iiBJiJieTCJi btopb^ehmi OBOB^aHieii); gimtine ( itcTO 
posA6Bia)i in ''gm-tinjd^ rjiar. plmti (poahtbcb), cxp. ^n, s np. 

OsOflViHIB tu. 

§ 114. Gy^^^BKCB -to, BpHcyn^il Bcftn ceMum RHAO-eBpo- 
nelcsaro njeHeHi, npeAcraBJiiien osoHqaBie, otfpasoBaBmeeci no 
Bcel BtpoflTEOcTH yxo vh BpaasHKi H osasHBaDqeecii bx pasm* 

BHX'b BBAaUi BepftABO H Vh pacmHpeBHOS j^Opii^ 0C0((eHH0 BOJltA- 

CTfiie BpacooAHHeBix bi BOHy BoeoBHn sByaoRb. Bi B^BOTopHn 
ttnm -to BHpazaen aeonpeAiieBBoe saBjioBeEie, paaBO saai 
-ti B'B cJiaBBBO-JiBTOBCBoS; 000^66 OFO ynoTpe((ji6Eie, Bl cpaBHO- 
Hii CI 'tif 6ojifte orpaBiqeflBO. 

Bl caBCBpsTft npocToe -to otfpasyen nomina actionis, ptee 
nomina agentis: gd-tu (ntaie), raar. gdi {wn ga-); fan-to 
(<cflHTBa)> = <KBaTaByToe)i>), sop. tan (TEHyTB); man-tu (coatn, 
rpftn. JBOhU. & Both, Skr. Wrtb. Y. 586), xop. man (Ayian); 
iOid-tu (MOTaui, HBBepan), Bop. dhd (siacTB, CTaaHTB); r-*to 
(BpoMB roAa), h31 ^ar-iu, Bop. ar (hatb); Jora-tu (sepTBa), ne- 
pecTaBOBBoK ebi "^A^ar-to, Bop. kar (A'^JtarB, coaepmaTb); vas- 
tu {wmf^f <$oraTCTBo)| Bop« va$ (oAtaaTB, sbtb, npedraaTB), cp« 



OyOAHKOl 'tU B'B OAHCBP. § 114. 825 

TOTes. vaihts (fern, bodib)^ xp. 6oxv. seiu-Tb; si-tu (niOTHHa, 
locTi), sop. *si (BasaTb); M-tu (npHiHaa, noijmume^ cpeA- 
eTBo), Kop. hi (hjitv, nocBiaib); gd-tu (xopora, nozoxBa)| gd 
(vath); h^ (3HaBi, obAti, OBapflDqiK) npoiczoAHn BtpoflTHO 

on kU (EeH^ea, Gloss. 86). 

» 

BflBHTeibHoB oBAesi ijfo^n cb cy^^^sscon sa -tu vb uac- 
tHqecKOK CBHcapHrb sacTynaerb itcTO BeonpeAftJieHHaFo; ra- 
sHii otfpaaoii ^opio na -turn cooTBtTeTBynrB secbia tovbo la- 
TBHCKOiy xocTHrareji&Hoiy BaiuoHeHiD aa -turn. RopeHHU nac- 
Hsia { H u DOABepraDTCX ryei, ^acTO B6TaBJifleTe« h coexBHETOJiB- 
BBJi rjaeaaii i: Jcar-tum (AluEaTB), sop. kar; har-tum ((^pan), 
Kop. har; pak-tum (neqs), on pac, HacTOin^. Bop. pak; hd- 
turn (ocTaBjmn), sop. hd; gdtum (lAn), sop. gdi (gdtu «ni- 
Bie»); sthd'ium (ctoitb), sop. sthd; kUp-tum (^pocan), sop. 
Ic^p; gt'tum (aotfftsABTb), Bop. §i; U-dhum (iflBarB), HSinep- 
BOflaq. ^gh-tum, Bop. lih (dh npoBSomjio Bci^ACTBie coveTaBin 
h n cAxswrnj^n t, paBHO bbbi vb vd-dhum, Bn vah=vehere, 
sd'dhum m aah <KnepeHociTB»; nocitAflit BopoHB AonycBaen 
Bnpo^ieH E $opiy sdh-i-tum); jdk-tum (cooABHflTB), on ju^; 
hhav-i-ttim (6htbX bsi VM-i'tum, TaBX-saBi 6, cocTOXBiee bb'b 
a+t« nepoAi nacBOD aojisbo nepexoABTB bb av, aop. bhU; 
Qr6'tum (cjiHmaTBX Bop. Qfu; IMt-tum (boiotb), b81» *hh6d^ 
tum^ OTB hUd; prakum (cflpamBBaTB)i w^.prach; rM-i-tum 
(]uaEaTB)i Bop. rud. HenpaBBiBHO BCTaBJiflOTCii AOiroe i b'b 
grah't'tum (((paTB), Bop. grah. 

npocTHm OKOHqaflieii -turn orpaBBUBaoTM, saBiBHrneyno- 
unyTOi BjaccHqeesiB caBespsn, bo bb BeAafl^ecBoiB azuA 
OBasBBaeTCB doiBmee pasBOotfpaaie osoBUBiS leoopeAftioiBarOy 
BOTopEni BciMi ey^^HBci 'tu dyjuin ocflOBaflieii). Cdai^ api- 
HBAiesan : 

1. JI/iTejBBHl oaAexi cj^^HSca -to: tavi: sHi'tavi^ Bop.^ 
(poAHTB); har-tavt^ sop. hat (((pan); gan-ta/vi^ Bop. gam (ha- 



826 oyo^nscB -tu. % 114. 

n); pd-tavSf sop; pd (san^KQarb); ^v-d-tavS, sop. ^t; (shte); 
^-tot;^, Bop. i (hath). 

2. OKOHqaeie -tavdi, Koropoe ouHqaeTCfl i^wb^ qto cooah- 
BiieuHir CB HHHi ^opHU hmIuot^b aboBhoo yj^apeeie, a HHeQHo la 
KopeHHOHi Gloria H Ha OBOH^aniH; bi cjiokhhxi ci npeAJioraiH 
caoBan jA&peBie naAaoTi sa npeAiori: sdr-tavdiy Eop. sar (ba- 
th); jd'tavdij Bop. jd (hath); grdv-i-tavdif Bop. gru («cjih- 
n]aTb»; BopeBb noABBprBjTi ryai, npa BeiaBBt coeAHHHTejBHaro 
i); dnv-e-tavdi, rjiar. aiiM*i (hatb 8a, cJitAOBaib sa vAn); 
O'tav^^ Bop. vi (tsbtb). 

8. OBOHqaBie -tos, npeACTaBJianniee poAHTejBHsiS hjih ablativus 
on 'tu: i'tds, sop. i; har-tds, Eop. A;a/; pravad-i-tde^ sop. 
t;a(2 (roBopHTb^ rdd-dlhds, m% ^rddh-fos^ Bop« rudA (^asjiD- 
qaTB, aaAepsHBan), h np. 

OsoBqaBie -tvd (b3% *tM-^^^ HpBCoeAHHHeHoe vb riarojiBBHH's 
EopHBH'B, o^paayoTi A'ienpHqacTiH, conpflseHHOfl (KShbaobohho ei 
SBawBieM^B npomeAfflaro BpeveBH^ hjih OTHocBxejiBHa-iiepexoAHaro 

A'bSCTBiB. 'tvd BeCOHB'bHHO COeTOHTl Wb CBB3H t% Cy(ff^9W0Wh 

'tu, En BOToparo obo npOHSom^o, ho aa nepBotfHTHji) (^opvy 

HOSHO npBBBTb HJIH -tU (TOFAa -tvd 0($^flCHBeTCB RaB'E TBOpH- 

TOJiBBuB OBOBqaeifl seflesaro poAa -tUj cp. dMnu^ TBop. dMnvd 
TaB'b nojiaraeTi Bomi'By Sanskr. GtramnQL. 869), hjih tva, otbo- 
CBCB BB BoepeAGTByDBieHy tvdhjd (iBopBT. seflCBoH ^opna tvd^ 
BBBi nojiaraeri UTieBxepi, Gompend. 457). IIocji'bAaeMy 06%- 
HeHOHii) AOJisHO oTAaTB npeBHymecTBOy TaKi-Basi nocpeACTBoai 
ero o($iflCBfli>TCH h apf^' npHHaAJtesaoiiii cdab j^opiQ, ocotfeHflo- 
se B6AftH7. 'tvt H "tvdja. -tvd ynoTpefijiBeTCH npn of^paaoBaBiH 
AtenpH^acTiB npn npocTHxi narojiax^, TorAa-saBB rjiarojia, ejios- 
BBe c*b npoAioraHHy iipHHflMaioT'b -ja; TaKi'BaB'b ^tvd nojiHOBic- 
Bte OBOB^afliH -tum^ to KopenB He HsaibBBeTCH yCBJienierb rjiac-* 
BHXi; TOJFBBO BB ejiy^aft BciaBBH coeAHBHTOJiLBaro % BopeHBaa 
rjiacflair hosot^ voA^HHBT&eH h BepBKHOHy HeA^eny. npHHipH; 



I 



oy^AHBci -te. § 114. 327 

gi'tvd (no($tAHBi), on gi (cp. Hoonpex. g^um); pak-tvd, Kop. 
pac (ne^b), neonp. pak-tum; lih'i-tvdf sop. lih (msarB), b6« 
onpdA* Udhum; duh-i-tvd^ Rop. c2t^% (AomX neonp. d^-d%um. 
EopeHHoe a ne p^ASO CKpaAHBaetOfl hjib ocia((ifl6Tca wb i : hr- 
tvdj Kop. kar^ eeonp. kar-ttm; ^-tvdf sop. ^Vj (BffnjTB, yBJT'* 
AA'tb); grh-t'tvdf sap. jfro^, Heonp. grdhA-tum; uk-tvd, sop. 
t?ac (roBopnTb), seoirpex. vak-tum; uHvd, sop. t;a({ (roBopHTB); 
is'tvdj sop. ia^ (zepTBOBaTB), Heonp. ja^-tum (s yHOAO<$JieHO 
HSi ^^; aup-tvdj sop. 5t;ap (enaTB); M-^t;^^, sop. hvi (iipEsii- 
BaTB, nperjiainaTB); sthi-tpdj sop. stM (ctoatb), Heonp. sthd- 
turn; M-tvdf sop. hd (ociaBJiflTB), Beoiip. hd-tum (ho rose on dhd 
cetaBHTB, sjiaoTBtt, cp. npHWCT. npoinejt. Bpev. hi'ta^ h3^ *dhi-ta); 
i^tvdy sop. $ (hath), Heonp. S-tum; gis-tvd^ sop. gds (i^apCTBOBaTB). 

npHMipB rjBH BopenHoIl rJiaCHofl; rdd-i-tvd (spoiii rud-i-ivd)^ 
Kop. rud (uasaTB); kaddh-d-ivd (spout kstidhUvd), sop. ksudk 
(rojiOABTB); Ukh-i'tvd (spoat likh-i-lvd), sop. Ukh (nncaTB). 

dat'tvdf scp. dd («AaTBx>; neonpeA. dd-tum)^ npoBsomjio BCJitA- 
CTBie jooAotfjieHia hsi *daB-tvd (BHeceHieHX b^ dry ^piy Teia 
Harr. BpeieHH dad')^ lasi h bi ckit-tvdf bhit-vd, sop. chid, 
Ihid (bojotb)i V np. (BcTptqaDTca Tasase ^j^opvo ei npocTHii t 
BitcTO ABoSaaro: chi-tvd, da-tvd h np. BeAan^ecs. -tvt^ m *tvj' 
d^tva-jd, H 'tvd'ja: kr-tvt, kr-tvd-ja^ sop. iar Hnp.npHMHsaioT'B 
Ki ey^^Hsey -tva^ 0({paB0BaBmeHyeH hsi nepBOHa^ajBaaro -t/u). 

Bb HSHsi BeABH^ecsoi'B -ft;a BCTptweTca HHorAa, b^cooah- 
leHiH CB rjarojiBHHH!B BopneM'B, sasi ot^pasoBaTejTBBHS cy^^HscB 
Bi ciHCjrb npHqacTifl 6yAyniaro BpeieHH crpaAaTejiBHaro saioniy 
npBAanmil ruroiy BaaqeHie Heo($iOAHiocTH: g^-tva (^^to aoi* 
SBO DotftAQTBy BHHrpaTB^ BSBoeBaTB), OTB ^; nafi'tva (^to aoj- 
»B0 HasjioHHTB, comytB — «inclinandtt8», B6hU. Skr. Wrtb. IV. 
26), sop. nam; sd-tva^ on bu; he-tva^ sop. %i; t;aA^^t;a (^to 
AOMBO roBopnB)^ sop* t;ac; co BCTaBSot coeABHHTejBHaro i: 
^-i'tva («qTO fflnm npOHaB#eTB)i'-*HO bb ^opit ABoKcTBeff- 



328 OTftftiRCB 'tu. §§ 114-^116. 

Baro c% HSi'&HeHHEiM'L BHaqeHieii: ^an-i-tvdu cpoAHTeur, oTem 
H iaTB»); Ihav-i'tva (aqio aojisho 6iiti»» — HenpaBUBHO cibAOX- 
roD co6XHHRT6JibHoi) tiacuoB BitcTo BpATSofl, cp. HeoopeA* hhav^ 
i-tum); ha-tva (an ^han-tva)^ sop. han (jAapnTB, ytfaBan); 
dd-tva («^To AOJisHO Aat&i npHHOCET^-^'sepTBa*), Kop. c24 (AftTB). 
EaKi BTopocTeneHHEiB cy4)(t^HKCi -toa oOpasyen oTBxeqeHinia 
cyn^ecTBHTeJiBHiiia (cpeAHaro pOAa): dtva-tva (cocTOsaie (Sora), on 
(2^f;a (6on»), sop. div (({jiecTftTb); mahat-tva (Beieuua, Hory* 
n^ecTBo), on mahat (6ojiBmoB); prahhu-tva (rocnoACTBo), on 
prabhu (rocnoASQii BJiaAtTejiB)^ sop. hhA {6uih); ava^dka^va 
( BeotfzoAHMOCTB X on ava^am (BaB'ipHO» no^BeotfiOAHiocTH); 
ddsa^va (pa($CTBo)y on ddsa (pa6i); prthak-^tva (oTJiyqeHie, 
pa8A%J[eBie)| on prthah (otaIuibho); dravja-tva (cocToaaie b6- 
n^ecTBai laTepii), on drav-ja (Ben^ecTBo, liaTepia) a np. 

§ 116. Bi APOBHO - ((asTpilcsoa'B asHst -tu m Bspasaen 
onpeA^jreiflaro HasjoBeaia, a otSpaayen cymecTBHTeibaua la^ 
riarojiBHHXi sopaeS: ra-tu (onpeAtjeaaoe apeaa), sop* ar (hath), 
csp. rtu; ^d'tu (xbbhb), sop. ^t; (kHTB ); ^(i-ttf (sojiAyax, u- 
poAti), sop. jd (hats); jpi-to (nama, tA8)> sop. pi (AtuTB 
sapBHMi, oTkapajHBaTB), cp. Jiar. pinguis (zHpasI), occeTaacs. 
fi'd (aaco); pere-tu (aocn), raar. par (<cnepexoAHTB»; ar pas- 
laraoTca aa ABa caora: -ere, cp. pere-fha aaanoaHeaie, coBop- 
meaieay sop. par «BanoaHaTB»); van-tu (juK^aanli cyapyn), 
sop. van (ii)6aTB), csp. van (cp. van-i-td «xeH0(HH8», co6ctb. 
«aa)((Hiaa»); hat-tu (Hocn), cap. s^-tu^ sop. %i=csp.ai(Ba8aTB); 
tH-dd-tu («6aepTB%B=«cioaBa rtja^), sop. (24 (cTaBaiB, A^iaTB), 
ci npoAi* v% cpacopocTpaaaTB, nporaeyTB, nocTaaiaTBa a np. 
OaaespaTCsaai ^opaaai aa -tva, BsipasaDoiBai participia 
necessitatis, cooTBlTCTBjDn BftsoTopHa ptAsia cioaa vi ap*- 
tfasTp. asHsi: vars-tva («a%J[o», cotfcTB. «9to aoisbo ji^AMh^ 
coBepmaTBx>), sop. varts (a^^tb, patfoiaTB); frd^jas-twa («ao- 
otoBbhI 6mh npaaeceaj b!b septay^ « «vto aouho apaaecn 



OTftft. -to Bi AP*-BiKTp. H rpiv. US. §§ 115— 116. 829 

vb xepTBy»)^ Kop. ja^r; vt-dvaSa-tva («eeHi4i)mia iyTO»,=«wo 
He ;i0JisH0 TepntTB^), Kop. dvi^^ xp.-6aBTp. this (Hj^HTb). 

'thoa^ paBflBomeecii nepBotfHTHOMy -tva, ynorpetfjiBeTCJi ^ame 
XBBi cy4»4»HBCi nepBH^HsB, HesejiH BTopocreneHHal: fra-car-e- 
Unwa (ABHseHie, mecTBie BnepeA'B)^ Bop. car (bjith); khra-thwa 
(sHaHie, paayHHOCTB), Bop. Jcar (Atjarb); Qtao-thwa (BOiHTsa), 
rnr. gtu (xBainTB, BenwTfc); va-thwa (ctbao), Bop. v&n (sa- 

QHOiaTB, IDtfHTb). 

HtBOTopHB $opxs I SA^CB BHpasaDTB participinm necessita- 
tis (cTpax. npHiacTie tfyx. Bpex.): Jchsnao-thwa (aoctoSbhR y- 
AOBJieTBopeBiB, aaciysBBaDmiit 6un yAOBjieTBopeHy), sop. khhm; 
upa-here-thwa (« yAotfoHocBBBS, D6peH0CHiifl»s«VT0 aojisho bo- 
6Hnx>)y Bop, bar; ga-fhwa («8(iejiyxHBaniiii8 CMepTb», bo Toze 
wb 8Ha«iefliB npsiiBBHTenHOBi <xy6BBai)]i^il»)y sop. gan; cp. h 
gd'thwja (cBasBBBHi BO-BpeBa) oti gd (niiB; Justi^ 104). 
'thwa BBBi cy({»(|»flBCi BTopocTenesBciS: fratema-thwa (roc- 
BOACTBo), or& fratema (nepBHS); vanhu-thwa (AO((poe fJbJio), ot^ 
vanhu (xopomiB); anhu-thwa (rocDOACTBo)i on anhu (fogdoahbi). 
§ 116. Bi rpeqeesoHi asHBi -tu (n ^^opsft -tv-) o($pa- 
ayen cyqecTBBTejBBBfl — nomiaa actionis; hjle Bnpazefliii paa- 
WLVh rJiaroJiBHHXi $opHi -to Be ynoTpetfjrfleTca; oJioxflHa ci 
8T0B!B OBOHqaBieBi ciOBa Bct nepBHqflaro o^paaoBaflia: Ji(»x-ru- 
(hboh. imcrvf fern. «npeejitAOBaflie, nparBcaeHiev — poA« J/^x- 
rv-oi), on i$<&K(» (npecjiftAyn); ioBiBcR. zhni-rv- (hi. tkniris 
ceoeTpaABBle, xbioctb»), mr. iks^ioD (cosajita)); ihaM^Tvr 
(BoeBBsB BpBBi, BiyB'B), OTB dxcOioc^oif (noABBHai) BiyBi), ep. 
dhxi>M («BoeBBEit BpHsi»; ciOBO SByaonoApaxaTeiBHoe); ioHilcB. 
l^-ru- (nania, tAB)> sop. i^ (cap. ad «ftcTBx>); p«(r-ru (ntr. 
cTopoAi^^)) aop. pa^ = CBp. vaa (sbtb, npe(SHBaTB); xAi-ru- 
(fenu tOTJiorocTBy zojibb»), sop. kA/-, cp« xAi-vo) (HaBJOBai), npH- 
ciohbd); ^ofi'TV' (fem., poA. dofirvoc «BpBBi, myB*B»), on 
0cd» (spBiy), ((yjU M'ffofMr, dyopi-rv- (Bpa6Bopftue)| on 



330 oy9«Hsc« -tu. § 116. 

HpoHSBOjiHaro dyofsvoi (roBopD n co^paniH), cp« iyo^d (co* 
(Spaiiie, p'bqs Bi eo6paHiR); y8/^<r^rv' (oMirb), ^^t*^ ye?^» 
(cMtDci.); iofiilcB. ^(v-ru- (AaBaRie, xapoBanie), Kop. JW^cBp. 
dd (jtarb); ioHiBcs. Hqoo-rv- (jumb xaa pasa y Toiepa: anviita, 
jiA^i^io^)? uarojFi osasHBaeTCii wh yj^BoeBHoB ({^opHi: i3i-/3^<i^ 
oicfiD (ti^, ieTpe($ja]o); uTf^e-a^rv- (Hesych. OTcyicTBie, yjaie- 
Bie H3i OTe^ecTsa), oti otTf'Si^iJis (oTioaRy, yzosy), sop. $; 
Sai'Tv- {<io6ixty BBpi* — BCTpiqaercir ibbib pasi y roiepa), 
rjiar. Ja/-a> (pasAlMK), cozBran); oct^Kr-rv^ (ApysecicaB (Se- 
cbAS^, sopoTRoe o($paniefli6)y rjrar. oet^l^a> (tiecixyv^ roBopv) ot- 
BpoBeBBo); (pi 'TV- (ntr. aoinpHCKi, b<6tbb, cbbia), Bvfcero 
•^u-rv, rjar. (pu-w (npoBSBosy); i3aAAn-ru («RBAaBie»y Banp* 
BaBH6B<B), rjiar. ^ooTOsm (KBAaw,. ((pooav); 00^-rti- (xpystfa, c Apy- 
xenieX SQp. d^:oi^'Oi> (npBJiasBBaD, coeABBBio); rcLvv-a-rir 
(BB'nflrHBaiiie-jyRa), oto rctvvo) (eaTBrEBaiD); Ir^V'Tu- (neoQpe- 
Bie), riar. or^vv-oi) (iio((ysAaH)); bi r^n-rv" (qscjio m|w^ -ru- 
BCBiDtiBTejiBHHM'B odpaaoHi osasBBaeTCfl BTopHqBHM'By cp. rqeis 
(fpB), paBBO H B^B rer^cL'K-rv' (nejio Hemujpe)^ haro^a^rv 
(cotbb) h np. Op. Leo Meyer, Vergl. Gr. 380. 

npoBBBOAHsB OTi -tu cy^^BSGi -(Tv-vfi (sTu-v)}), otfpasvDfliifl 
eiOBa BTopocTeaeBflaro paapAAa: ev*(p^o-(rvyfi (paAOCis, Becejiie), 
orb &j(p^m (Bece.iciB, npuTBEiB); x^tiaixo ^ (rvvf\ (BysA^y B6A0C- 
Taior.'By (JtADOCTB), cp. Xf^V//Lw- (roAHHfi, nojiesBHfi), oti %f«o- 
/^c£/ (B0JiB8yK)CBy ynoTpetfifliD); ips^fxo-irvvfi (uox^^nie^ mbjiocthba), 
orb ihsfifjtm (cocTpaAaxeji&HiiB, HBJiocepAaB), rjiar. iKe4oD (co* 
sajitK)); ^o-o-uvn (spoBBoe poa<2tbo), oti T^ioff (AopiBcK. -Tifetog 

CBpORBSB pOACTBOBBBKl »X TeX'VO'Ovyfl (B'B CTflXOTBDpHOHl CJIOr& 

BuieiTo rix^v «:BCByccTBO^); J/Koffio-ovyir (cBpaBeAJiBBOOTB), on 
SiKctioff (cupaBeA^BBufl); ccvdo^avvri (ifBtn, JiBftryniee GoeToaaie), 
on oiv^^os (iiBftTi, 6jecKi); i^&rTto'triwi ( BeorpaBiqoHflair BJiaf tb)^ 
OTB ^eaTto-rns (o6jiaAaT6J(B, c^aaoBiacTBiiB bobojihtoab); ^^yo- 
o-uvfi (rocTeopiavGiBa), , ox% £ivo^ (rocTB, vysecTpasem); uff^to^ 



Oy««HK(M -tU Bl J! AT. BZ. § 117. 331 

truvfi (xepeBeacKaa siiaHB), 0Ti[aVfi<'-(XHKi%«BByn(i8 bidoji^); 
Bea/xo^av-vfi (asKOHHOCTb, ciipaB6j(jiHBoetB), on Bea-ni^ (nocia- 
BOBJieHi«y otfBSROBeHie); ytido - (r^vti (paAOCTB, BecejBe), otb yi|- 
Bcs, war. ynJ^Jw (paAyEOCB); dv^^o-trvvti (xysecTBO, xpa6pocTb), 
OTO fl^Vf (»y»iiiHa); rct^(io-avvfi (ctpaxi, jsacb), otl rd^^os 
(((0II8HB, CTpai'b), Map, rct^d-soof (tfoiocB, no^HTaro); aAjj.^o-cruy»f 
(npasAa, lonmaX oti oihjfid^ff (hcthuuhH, capaBeAJiHBHS). Ilep- 
M^BHi^ -d-uy^l ABJifleTCJi Bl xcnqo-trvvifi (pa^ocTB, yAOBOJTbCTBie), 

HpOHCXOX^n^eMl BeOOCp&ACTBeBBO OTl %GC/^(» (paAyiDCB), H B'b 

dfnyo^ctvvfi (noioniby samBia), otfpaaoBaHHOMi cEop'be npaaio orb 
FJiar. fl^^V^ (noxoraK>)> ^iftn on cyniecTB. d^ooy (saniHTRiiRi). 
§ 11 Y. B'B jiaTBBesoMi BQiiat BEBurejiBHEifl flaxexi cy^^aca 
-fe« oi^paayexi AocTBraiejiBHoe HaKJioHeiiie, a^iaxBB'B Toro-xe cy$- 
$HEca npeACTBBJiBefi 'tA; npn npHCTaBst btofo oaoH^aaifl k'b 
HacTOJifl(eMy BOpEi> yAepsHBaoTCii bi eajri Tt-se saROHH h 4^0He^ 
ra^ecsie DepezoAH, Koropne 9<(Bapy»BBai)Tca spH coeAKHOBiH ei 
Kopaeii cy^^^Bsea -to; obh aauBqaDTcii npeHHyntecTBOBBO B'B 
BBBycat "BlKeTopHXi KOHenHxi eoFJiaefliix'B nn vb ynoAotfjieHiB 
BXK UC'tum^ h^^ %g'fumj sop. leg (quraTB); cinc-tum^ ot'b 
cing-ere (ospyzaTb); cau-tum, bbi ^cav-tuMf rjiar. cav-ire (ocre- 
p^raTBy Cepe^Bca); cam-&-f^-^t«m| bbi Vum-us-tam, sop. w (fteqB), 
cap. us; vt'Sumf bsi "^yid-tum, aop. vid (BHAtTB); sud'Sum, B31 
*8Qad-tttDiy Kop. suad (coaiTOBaTB); mis ' turn, sop. mis- (ui-* 
dbtb), rjiar. misc-ire; ses-Bum^ hsb *sed-tam, aop. ^ed^ (cB^'bTB); 
Ut'Sum^ BBib ^terg-tum, sop« terg (yTBpaTb); lu-sum^ bsi lud- 
toBi, Rop. 2!i(2 (nrpaTb); r^-^tim, bsi '^rod-timiy sop. rot;^ (rpusn); 
meS'Sum, b3% *met*tmn, sop. met (noxBBaTb); sa-tum^ aop. sa- 
(okBTb), BooopoA* serere; strd-tum^ sop. ^tor (paacTHJiaTb), 
Heonpei. stemere; tac^tum^ aop. tag (AOTporBBaTBCif), rjiar. 
tang-ere; pfd-sum^ war. peUere (rflaib); rup'tum, nar. rum^ 
pere (jioMan), cap. lup (lumpati=rumpit ciovaenx)) a np. 
OKOflqaaie -to o6paayoTi uorovBCJeHSHl paapax^B OTBjevDBBHXi^ 



382 oyftftHBO'B 'tu. % 117. 

CjnieeTBHTeJIBBHX'By OBaH^VBaDOtHZCJI Vh II6HHT6Jn»H0n Ha -iU8 

(bi poAHTOJiBBOHi sa 'i&s)^ BOTopoe, Bi eorjraciB ci BamenpH- 
BeAeHHHMH ^opiaHH, Mozen nepexo^iiTB h bi -sua: cl-fac-tH- 
(oGoHAHie), on dere (nazHjTB) h foe- (A^JiaTb); jacta-tU' (la- 
zaflie, sojie($aHie), Bop. jac (rjiar. jacio); fruc-tu- (bmoh. fruc- 
tus ccDJioAi, BHroABy nojiBsas), h3x *frag-ta-| ep. frug-es 
(d.iox'Bi djioah); ic-^t«- (jAapi, jBBBJieHie), nar. tc-ere (AOTpo- 
TflBaxBea, KOJioTb); can'tu- (ntHie), aop. can (niTb), can-ere; 
luC'tU' (neqajiB, ciTOBanie), Es^ ^ug-ta-, riar. lUg-^re (cftro- 
BBTb); mor-su' (ysjm&Hie), ^n ^mord-ta, riar. mord-Sre; 
frem4'tu' (inyHi, TpecB^, boB), riar. frem-ere (myitTB, pe- 
b^tb), rpeq. (i^ifx-m; ad-nen-tu- (upHxoA'B, npatfuTie), sop. ven- 
(iipHXOAHTB), rpeif. /3ap/v-(» ( wh *^xv'joi>\ cap. gam; ap-pet-t-tu- 
(sexaaie, CTpacTb), bsi ^ad-pet-, nar. appetere (cTpoMBTBCir, ao- 
loraiBCfl); aquae-dnc-tu- (BOAonpoBOAi)f sop. due (Been); dia- 
cur-su' (tsAB, njaeaHbe), rjar. discurrere («tfftraTB| t8AHTB)!> — 
B% nepeeocHOM evHCJit «neperoBapiiBaTbx>); aspee-tu- (bzvmh^^ 
Bsopi), rxar. aspicerCf sop. spak, CKp. pag; flw-tu- (reqeBie, 
BOiEa), mr. flu -ere (ren), cap. jpl^; in-ces-su- (nozoAsa, 
BZOA^f BTopseeie), hsi ^in-ced-tu-, nar. incid-ere (bxoabtb, 
BanaABTb); exA-tU'^ (bbzoai), aop. i (hath ). OiHocHTexbHO pae- 
iDHpeHBaro OBOB^aia -tei-^i cp« § 97. 

Odab opHHHBaerb h BTopocTeiieHHOo -jd-din-, o^paajDiuee 
OTBxeqeflHBfl cyniecTBHTejibHHa seacicaro poAa: vHm-IMin' (hhoh. 
vdnitiidOf fern, ccyera, nycTOTa», poabt. vdni-tHdinis), on 
t;(ino- (nycToI, TqecjaBBnB ); magini'tadin^ (BejiH<iflHa), on 
magno' (BeiHsiV, dojibmoB), sop. mag; soli'tiidin'- (yoAHHe- 
Hie on sSlo - (oAHHOBiff, yeAHHeHHuB); turpi - tMin - ((!e8o5pa8- 
BOCTb, tfes^ecTHOCTb) I on turpi- (tfeao^pasHEiB); aimUi'tMin- 
(HOAo6ie| cxoACTBo), on simili- (noxoxiB^ cxoabbB), Botopoe 
Vh cboh) ovepoAb npoHCXOAnn on nepBOHai. sama, cp. CBp« 
soma (paBBHfl); vidssi-tAdin' (aepeitHa, OH6poAPoen)i on 



oyftt. -tu B% jriT. H rOTOK. as. ^ 117—118. 888 

wici' (nepoiina, eitfla), bhhht. vicem, ihox. vices; ampU- 
t&din- (opocTpaHHOCTB, otf mnpHOCTb) , on (Hnplo- (apocrpaH- 
hhV); vasti-tHidin^ (onycTomeBie^ nycTOTa, rpoiiaAHOCTB) , orb 
vastO' (DfCTofl); duri-tMin-^ (secTosocTB, BeqjBCTBiTeJibHOCTB), 
on d^ro^ (TBepAsB, secniB); forti-tudin- (xpa($pocTi), on 
forti' (xpa6pHl), sop. fer i np« Bi vcile^tiidin^ (eocTOHHie 
SAopoBu) npeACTaBJHOTCii eABHCTBeoBHl DpHiipi nepoH^Haro 
"tHidinr^ Tasi-saKi cjobo nponcxoAHn on riar. vci^re (6htb 

CMBHCm, BAopoBsn). 

GaHcap. cy^^^HKcy -toa- eooTBtreTByen wb laTHHCson kwA 
fl^KOJibso ejOBi Vi9k-tuo : mor^tMO-^ («HepTBHB)» — AP*-((ojir. 
up^-TiTL), Rop. mar (lepen), aeonp. fMr-i; mu^tuo- (ssa- 
vuhB, saeiHHB), m xP6bh. moi-teo-, sop. ma-, cp. esp. 
m4 (nepeMftflnB); sta-ttM (HCTyaaBi, eraTyji) , sop. sta (cTOflTB); 
leo - HeBopi (Yergl. Gramm. 864) opiBOAiTi h P<$ - tua (6o- 
FHBJi nHTBfl), sop. pd (oHn). 

§ lis. Bi roTesoH'E naHst -to nepexoAHn b% ^{hu^ -du^ 
xoTopoe BCTplqaeTCii wh eyqecTBHTejiBHUx^b Cb OTBie^eBHHii'B saa- 
liOBien; caacsp. -tva cooTBftTCTByen ynoTpetfifloioe bi Htso- 
TopBxi cJioBaxi -thva, -dva. 

L Oicoflqaflie -to= -thu^ -du: auhjd'du- (ume. auJyd - dus 
masc. cBiynv), on auhj6n (mysiTb); maih-a-tU' (hmoh. maiAd- 
tu8 «HaB03Xy copx)>), sop. mik (s BCTaajeHo lezAy sopBoii 
H osoBqaBien)^ esp. mih^JULT. mng-ere; vui-thu" (hmbb. vtd-; 
thus masc «BejiifK0Jitai6»), sop. vtd otfpaaoBaBi BftpoflTBO En 
vdlf cp. riar. vdjan (BQ^HpaTb); hai-dur (HieH. haidus «cdo- 
co6i, poA'b»), sop. U^ cp. cancsp. M-tu (npinaa); vahs-tu" 
(ehbh. vahstus «pocn»), sop. vahs (pacTH), csp. vdk^; vratd^ 
du- (U6H. vrat6df4S masc. ^nyTemecTBie^), on vrat-on (xo- 
Ain, ByTomecTBOBaTB), nepBooaq. sop. vart, cp. Ap.-6oxr. spu- 
tXH; kus'ti^ (EME.kustu$ ccHcmiTaBie, OHHn»), sop. kus, cp. 
riar. kms-an (sciuiTaBan, BHiSipan)^ us-hm^nn (BH({flpaTb), 



334 oyovHscb -tu § 118. 

h4i. er-kies-en (npaq. er-hoT'en), Khn. to choose, CiD!ia npiH 
HftAJtexaTi eii;e cb t6khumh no nposcxosAeaiH) KopHflMR : lus^ 
tU' (si6H. Zfis^te^ '« pa.TOCTb , noTtxa, se^aeie^), sop. Ze^^, cp. 
^emcB. luz- BiB luz-ny (DpejiecTRHB, upHaBTOBall) ; luf-tu^ 
(bo3ajxi); si-it^- (hm^h, sidus aotfu^aH, HpaBi»); 3A;t{-(2tf- 
(hhoh. sJcUdus «mHTix)), KOToparo KopeHb, ^htb Hosen, ox- 
Horo npoHCxozcAdHifl cl shad (<xnoRpEiBaTB)!>, cp. sJcadus iiiasc. 
«TiflB»=«nocpHBaiDniafl»), CKp. chad. 

n. OKOHqaHie -tva=thvaf -dva : flja-^thva (fem. «BpasAa»), 
nar. /5/an (eeaaBBAiTB) , aop. fi (b4m. /6t«d = Bpari, afirj. 
/!en(2 npeACTaB;ifl]DTi» npn^acTie sacT. Bpei. ot'b roro-ate KopHU, 
M cooTB4TCTByK)i!B TOTCK. fij^anda- ^ Hien, fijands); fr%-a4hoa 
^fri-ja-thva {jfo6ohb) , ot-b frijon (jkKJhtb), Kop«/n = CKp. 
j?re, Ap*-6aBTp. frf, cp. AP--<5ojir. npH-RTTH; daZi-j%t;a («ho9- 
jteFi^i DocTOHJiuB ABopi, o^flTOJiB^; ynoTpe6;ra6TCfl b% (|»opHi mho- 
A6CTB6HHaro : salithvosjf rjiar. sajyan (oeraHaBUBaTBCfl na BBap- 
THpt, ocTauaTbca); jJlit;a - (2t;a- (hhoh. thivadv, ntr. «zoji[oiictbo, 
pa6cTB0}i>)y Kop. thiv (cJiyxKTB), cp. thiva- (<xcjryra»X ^^^^* t^^ 
(mwh Uhivs), seucK. ^^opiia: ^^m (cJiysRausa, xoh. npiiCiiyra). 

GJosHaa (|)opMa ORasHBaeTca b^b cy4[)^]iKet -no^se^, soToparo 
BTopo8 cion m^ieBxepi (Gompend. 462, § 227) npHHEuaerB 
aa oKOH^aHie -tu; nepBaa ero ^acTB, -nos- TeaiHaro npoEcxoaa- 
Aefiiji; nassu npeACTaBJiH6Ti cyj^j^HScx nepBHqHHH. h BTopocre- 
neHHufl: bUti-nassu- (mmoh. bUtinassus, masc. ^yBaseeie, no* 
qHTBHie))), OT'B rjiar. Uot-an {^um^n); . drauhti-nassu- (bo6h« 
Baa cjiy3&6a)y r^ar. drauhtinon h driugan (eaxoABTBca bi boob* 
floi CJiystfi), Kop. drug (cp. aarj. to drudge <cpa((oTaTBy Tpy- 
AflTBcai)); t6-«a5st*- (paBHOCTB), aar. ga-lb'-njan (ypaBHaiB), 
ibna (paBBHif); gudji-nassw (cBan^eHCTBo) , orb gudja (cua- 
n^eiHHKi), Kop. gudf cp. ga-guds (6;iaroqecTHBH8y 6.mroHpaBBu8). 
-assu' BMicxp -fidssu aBjraoTca Kbufar-assu'inu.ufarassusmtsc. 
«a806Hjie»)y on ufar (JiaA'Bf eBepxB)=iaT. super ^ rpev. t^i^» 



cy**. -*«, -d, 'dh' §g 119—120. 335 

JIaTRHCKOMy -f^-<i-| caeesp. "tA-ti cootBtTCTayerB rorcs. 
^duthi, BCTpiqaoqeecA JiHuib bi cji'bAyDaiBX'B cjoaaxv. ^amain- 
duthi" (HMes, ^amai^kiffJA^, fem. «o(iiiifiia, coo6mecTBo»), cp. 
jramaiitya (yvacTHHfi'b), npsjiar. ^amai»$ (o6qifl); iniiki2-e2fitAi- 
(ffieH. mikil ' duths ^ fern. ocBejuf^HHa^), on mikila" (km6h. 
mtM^ abejasiM, 6ojBmoB»); mana^ - (22^f% j - (MHoxeCTBo)i orb 
managa- (HHorifl), j(p.*(!ojir; MikHorik (MHorik); ajuk-duthi (B$q- 

BOCTb) OTl *c0uk'a (B^qBHi). 

§ 119. B% jiBTOBCKOxi jisHKft cy^^HKei -^iiy EaK'B ofSpaso- 
BaTCJibHHS BJieneHTi AOCTHrarejibBaro BasJOflOHifl, orpaHHqHBaeTCH 
BftKOtopuHH flapttiiflHH H 6oAt6 flJiH JiBBie CTapaflHfiixH ^op- 
. laMB, BumeADiHNH Bi HacTOfln^ee Bpexa eoBCbxi h^i yaoTpeSje- 
hU: guL-tUj h8i» gtd-tum^ KOf. gtd (Ae&Mb); lip-tu =i lip - tu^ 
sop. {fp (aoABHBaTfcCH), rjiar, 2ip-^; Z^as-^t^^&as-^ (asi *kand'' 
ttm)^ Kop. X;ant{ (KycaTb), Heonp. kdsti (iip.-6oJir. KXCdTH). 

OfiOuqaHie -tu: ly-tu- (HMea. 2^<e^ <i(A0SAb»)i Kop. 2i (jibtb), 
rjar. ly-ti (aojkahtb), cp. Ap.-CoJir. ai^-to, npuHenicAfliee ot'b 
Toro-ze KopBJi h- ^ qemcic. lijdk (npojiHBKoS' AOXAb); startu* 
(BHeH. status «GToa^iii»), Kop. sfa; &att^-$*<u- (Hxee. baugstus 
cnyrjiBBuR, 6oa8.iHBuHD)y n. htig ti (opotf'bTb, on'bmHTb), Kop. &u^. 

FacDiHpeBHaa ((^opHa BToro OKOflqaflifl -;ut;a (bi seBCK. poAft 
ifit2;a=<e«t;e^ oBRa^aeTi HiicTpyveHra: galc^'tuva- ((!pyeoBiy to- 
wjubnuB Koiieub), OTi gdlds-ti (ro^iRTb); plak-tUva- (mojiotoici, 
ocejioKi A'^ Kocu); r.iar. plhk4i (yiapiiTb); vy-tuva-i ({^opva 
iBOz. <icHOTOBBJio»)y Ofb v^'U (BHTb| BasHBaTb); spaus-tuvi 
(AaBBibBBy thckh), riar. spdus4i (AaBHTb, czBiaTb)^ Kop. spiid. 

OKOfl^JLBIB C^ OOflOBHUVb dy dh. 

§ 120. I. Gy(|)(|»BKCi^ 'dU. 

Owh CJiyzBTi wh ^oput A&TejibBaro naAOza Ha -ai Bi at- 
BOTopHXi ccMbflXi BupaxouieH'b HeonpOA'bJeuHaro; ciOAa opHaaA- 
jesaTi H'bKOTopiu ^opiH caflCKpiTCKia, aa -dhjdij OTGOcaniiiica 
wb AP9BB0i aaox!b ndiuca: duh'a-dhjdi (ffiBn)^ sop. duh; 



836 oyftftHsoi -dhi. § 120. 

ptb-a-d^di (iniTB)i sop. pd (pi-ha- aoisho npHanaTB sa jABoeH- 
b;i> ^opiji paBuo Kasi lar. &i-&o-). 'dhjdi otfincMeTCtf 
sasi AaTejiBHHB naAOsi aaeHCKoH ^^opiH aa -eJAi (cp. nadt 
«piBai», AftT. nadjdi; ma-ti apasfHiJ^, a^t. maijjdi). 

"Bh ApoBHe-tfaaTpiBcKOHi asHsft ajih BapaseHia H6oapeA%JieH- 
Haro jiiOTpe($Jfl6TCi[ aeptASo -c^di: ^ai-djdi (i^nn), Kpp. gan 
(n BBoajio nepeA^ d, a npH^aBoqHoe i oKasBBaeicii peayibTa- 
TOHi HSBteiBaro aneHTesHca); daz-djdi (AftTb), hbi Mad-dj-, 
cb BHeceaieM yABOOHHoB tomh b^ j^opnj seonpoAiJieHHaro (cp. 
dadi «flnepeAaD», hoh daidhS); spoift daz-dodi BCTptqaeiCA 
H dai'djdi; thrdj64-djdi (BamHqaTb), sop. thrd, csp. trd^ 
trdi; vdiz'djdi {^^En^ HacTaauTB), bsi *v6id'djdi^ sop. t;u2 
(cp. H vaidjdif o($pa80BaHHoe on Toro-se sopHfl); QrH-idjdi 
(^cjiHinany fi^JLa roto^ qTo(in ciBmaTB*), sop. gru; verejs-i-djdi 
(A^BcTBOBaTB, pa6oTaTB), sop. varez; gaz-djdi (<KBacTaBMTB»)y 
on ganh (roBopoTBi npHsasHBaTB) h np. -dhja vb Qore-dhja 
(BjacTBjDn^iBy OTHOcflmiBcii KiBJiacTi) npeACTaBJiJierb cj^^hkcb 
BTopocTeneHHuB (cp. gara crojoaa, rocnoACTBO, BJiacTBOBaHie»). 
Bi rpeqecKOVB asHaft -do^i (otfaaflOBeHHO ci npHCTaBieHHOD 
minameB: -(r-.&e»i-) BBpasaen HeoapoAtJieafloe cpeAoaroa cTpa- 
AaieibBaro sajioroBi bo Bcta'B rjaBHuxi Bpeieflaxt (b'b BacToa* 
meHi, DpomeAiDeai, (^yAyv^M^B, h bi aopHCrax^), aanp. dyyi^Xm 
(BOBBtqai)) — HacT. neonp. cp. saji. iyyix-S'trdoci ^ npom. sp. 
fiyyeX'Boci J npocT. aop. dyys^J-aBui y cjioxh. aop. e»yy«V«- 
adcc$ (bo I aop. CTpaA. sajr. ocyyeK-Srivoct)^ tfyA* Bp. CTpaA* 
aaji. ccyyeh'^'CT'e'Crdcci; ^f-^«y-S'ct/, npom. Bp. on <Pouv» 
(noRasHBaD); re^rcc-aBocif on rsl-yoo (saTarHBaDi May); r/- 
Be-adocij ttop. dt»- (KUCTb)i ^i-io-aBcci y aop. Jo- (A*Tb) — $op- 
HH BeoopeAtJOHHaro BacToaqaro BpeieBH; BanpoTJiBi; Bi-crBcuj 
io-aBott ($opBH npocToro aopHCTa), h np.* 

^ nLieflzepii— Gompeud. 463— opa odbHCHema OKOBqaaui .^S'xi jKasuBaen aa 
aaaioiiio «op»b cpoABuxi ^(f^Sf m^d'ojr^ 'Q^m^ aanftqaji, ^no n ipe<iecKOM» 



ojtftEKCH -clja^ "do. § 12L 837 

n. OsoHiaHie -dja bi rpeqecKoi'bi -do- (-ido) bi jaTHHCROHS 

§ 121. Gy^^Bsei -dja^^so* otSpaayerB BTopocTenenHiui 
cjmecTBBTeunuii cpeiBiiro pojia cb SBa^eaieMi yM6BBmHTejiBflHM<!b: 
xflpA/-^/o- (nei. Kcthlhov ntr. ^jrepeBBBBaji xbsbbb^), on xe»W 
(AepeBXBflaji XBsiaa); ocpel-^to- (aiftlsa), on o(pig (si'bB), poA* 
o^iofj Ttar^i'ho' (iiOB. Ttar^lhov ctiaTO-HBaA), on TTctTjff (o- 
T6u%); ceiyl-fio" (soBoua), on ccly- (HaeB. o(/'£ «K03a»); 
otpdoLKtii'^io- (rjiaaoKi), on o(pBcchixo' (inas\ <crjia8i»); diif/- 
Jio- (3Bftpda'b)t on dif^ (poA* dvf^oV c3Bip&x>); oiml'ho- (Ma- 
jeflBsil itn), ^^^ osVxo- (mas*. «aftx'B»); bv^l-ho- (ABepsa, 
OBODiBo), on bv^eo (ABepbi BopoTa); yyf-Jio- (lajieflbKoe nojie), 
on 7? (86MB| oojie); itv^i-^io- (oroHea'B), on 7fZ^ (ofohb), 
poA* '^vf-og; fjLVii'^io' (lyoisa), on /LtuTos (vyxa); k^€oc'^$o- (kj- 
co^eai vica), on ic^ixg (laco); reKvl-^to- (abtbtsOi lajioe 
Abtb), on rhcvov (ibtb), i op. 

II. Bi laTBBCKOMi ii3Hi£t cy4»(|)BKC'B -do-^-ido otfpasyon 
npHjaraTOJ&HHfl bi saqecTBt nepBaqtaro bjik BTopocToneBHaro 
oaoBqaflia: ctip-ido- (zaianmiS, CTpacTflHH)| rjiar. cu^-ere (se- 
lan, xoTiTb^ ^im^tZo- (potfsiS, tfoasiaanB), rjiar. timbre 
(6omea); ar-ido- (BHCoxmiR, cyxoH), rjiar. arire (Cnn cy- 
xun), Bop. ar^ cp. ar-ina (necoai); put-ido' (roEJiof, bobh- 
qil) rjar. puUre (bobbtb, raHTb); lep-ido" (opiarnHB, spacH- 
bbI), sop. lepi ep. AP**(^ojir« aui-^l, pyccs. eeAuno-Atm-Huil^ 
vemcs. vdiko'lep-y ; cal-ido^ (sapKiBy ropaqil), on cdire 
(6htb T6BjiBii» HHjatb); ac-ido^ (bbcjbB), rjiar. ac-ire («6HTb 



amueb c(^)> vacro croBTb nepcA^ ay^iiuiiH; nee xe cjHqeBie ^ad'cti c% csp. -dhjdi 
Be o(^CBMcrb jAOueTBopEiieifcao asjica s, KOTopufl^ npn ee^ocTaTKH ^pjnix'b 
AaHHUx«, Mbi AOJXBu npHBiiTb 3a BcraBKy, paeao KaKb n rorcc. dH-hrun'S-ti, 
jiBTOBCK. mdk''e^'4i oynjara*, rxar. mok'i'ii viuaTHrbBy b op. Di aabiKax^ cja- 
BflBCKBzi npacTaBRa nepeA^ -/i raBBaniara $ CA'&iajacb DpaBR^oM'b, Taic^xe cT04b 

<iacTo jDOTpeduieMOHy -CTb bcba'B aojbcbo ycrjoaTb p'S^KO Bcrp'fiiiaion^eeai -Tb« 

22 



333 oTCftHKOH ido, -vtM. §§ 121 — 122. 

Rec;[HMi»: tuvinuM acety>, Gato), nop. ae; stup-ido- (ceTOJi($e- 
H^jiHSy TynoSy H3yiJi6HHuS ), rjiar. stup-ere (iisyiiHTbCfl); liqu- 
idO' (xBjiKiB, cB^TJisB, jfcenB), rjiar. liquire (6hti» 7R^f,mwb); 
tep'ido' (TeMOBaiufl), rjiar. tep-erCf esp. Kop. tap (roptxb, 
corpiBaTB); splend-ido- (((jiHCTaTejiLHHH), ruv. splendere (($jih- 
CTars, dBTb); flor-ido- (uBtiyniiB, itBtiHCTHB ), rjiar. flor-tre 
(UBiCTH); frtg-ido- (xojoahhB), Beonpej. frig-ire (satfayTB); 
^St;-id?o- (XBBOH, (JoApaH), rJiar. t;ft;6re (acHTb); av-irfo- (aaA- 
Buif, kophctoj[]d5hbqB), rjiar. av-ire (xeJiaTB, xot^tb); luc-ido- 
(cBtTJiuB), oT'b lAc-ere (((iHCTaTb, CBopsaTb), sop. ItiCj csp. 
rz^o; B^ grav-ido- (o6peHefl6BBHB, tfepOMeBBsB), -i(2o aojsbo 
npETBBTb CKopie sa cy$41)HfiC!B nepBH^BBB, q^Mi BTopoeTenefiBuB, 
TaKi Basi yno»4iByT06 npHjiaraTejibBoe o^pasoeaao ot'b rjiar. 
gravdre (otfpeMeBflTB)^ eAsa-jH orb gravis (xjisejiaB). HecoM- 
B'iBBo BTopocTeneflBHH^b oKOBqaflieM^b -i(2o oKasHBaeTca bi morh- 
ido- (xBopBB, 6ojibfloB), on mor-io- (masc* «((oJi'b3Bb»). EoHe^Boe 
cy^^BKca 'ido ocjra6jeflo bi i n vir-idi- (flMeH. vir-idi-s (cse- 
16bhBi>), npoHcsoAAQeM'b OTi vir-ere (sejiefl'bTby tfaib CBtoHHT*). 

Okoh^ahie 'va (-van, -vcmt). 

§ 122. OsoBqaBie -va CBoBcTBeneo Bcibarb ceMbni iiiAo-eBpo* 
reBcsaro nxeMeflBy mmfi Bcero oho ynoxpetfjiaeTCJi bi flSHsax'b 
cjinBiTncKBi'bi npeHByniiecTBeHBo Eaai cy4)$HfiC'b BTopH^aaro o(Spa- 
soBaiiiff. 

B^ caHOspHT^ ynoTpetfieflie cy^^^esea -va aoboibbo orpaiiH- 
^erflOy TaKi-KaR'b obi o^pasyeri BtCEOJbRO cymecTBBTOJibBuxi 
B ppnjiaraTejrbBuxi: pad-va (masc. c(Aopora, bo3X»), Kop. pad 
(hath); prus^va (co-iBije), Kop. prus (Koqb), cp. ^eraca. prai- 
iti (aiapHTb); sac-i-va (Apyr'^t MHnHcipi), Kop. sac (cJEtAOBaxB, 
BoqKTaTB), cp. JiaT. seqwi^ ibtobcf, sek-i$ (cJi'bAyi)), Beoap. 
shk'ti; gar-va (ropAoCTb), Kop. ^ar (($uTb TBseiUMi), cp. ^ur^ii 
(TJ!ffe.iHfl), Bx. *gar-u; grt-vd (mea) — npoHcxoABn, (Jutb mo- 



G7«ftHK0H -van, 'vant § 123. 3S9 

sen, orb BopH. grdh ((((SpaTB, 3axBaTHBaTB»— cp. Benfey, 
Gloss. 106), cp. j(p.-6ojr. rpH-ea; Urdh-va {huconUl)^ jLo^.ardh 
i=^vardh apacTBx>); dhru'^va (Kp'bnKiB, RCTHHiiufl), Bop. dhru^ 
cocToamiB b'l cgbsh c^ dhar; ag-va (soHb), Bop« ag (6htb 
CEopHHii), cp. dQu (cRopfiS, tfacTpiiff); pak-va (sptjsifl, no- 
eo4(jmB), Rop. pac (Bapnib, cosptBaib) — sacTynaeTi m<6cto npH- 
qacTiii npom. speHeHH; Jchat-vd (RpoeaTB), Rop. Miatt (noKpH- 
BaiB) B op. 

, OsoHqaflie -van: ruh-van («xepeBO)>, co($ctb. «pacTyiii6e»), 
Rop. ruh (pacTB)i B3i nepBOHaq. rudh; drg-van (sporejiB), 
Kop. darg (rjiB^^TB, cvoTpiTB); pad-van (Aopora), Kop. pad 
(bath); pt'van (xapi), cp. pt-na (xhphhR), npHqatrie npom. 
Bpei. CTpax* saji. on pjdj (zHptTB, pacTs); par-van (uonj 
ysejii, coeiBHeHie), Kop. par (aauoJiBflTB); jag-van (septByi)- 
miR)^ Eop. ja^ (sepTBOBaTB), h np. 

OROHqaaie -t^ant bi caecRpBTt BspaxaeTi npaqacTifl opo- 
meABiaro BpeHBEH A'bBcTBBTejiBflaro sajiora; Rpoxib Toro oho 06- 
pasyoTi npBJiaraTeiBHHfly BspaxaDn^ifl npHBaxJiesHOCTB ri> qeny- 
HB($yAB, BJiaA'i^Hie, o($«Aaflie ^ixx-HH^yAB h np. Bb nocjtAneHi 
cjiyqa'b 'vant npeAcraBJiBen cy({»<|)BRC'B BTopocTenoHHuH; se xozers 
((htb coHBifliify ^To o($a oTopaBJieuU cy$$HRca •vant nepBOBaqaab- 
BO coBBaAajTH B mo noHflTie BJiaAtHiiTy o6iaAaHi£ qftMi-oH^yAB 
^HJio ApeBnte Bctxi ApyrBXi OTHomeHiB. HaB dToro mozuo aasjiH)- 
WTBy qTo paBBO RaRi Bi flacTOBB^ee BpeiJi b^b repMaHCRRXi b po»au- 
CRHniiSHRaxinponieAinee BpeaiB BapasaercB uovismowh^uMfbmbr^^ 
B Bi ApeBBifl BpeMesa Toze caHoe Bpeaa nepiASO BspazajiccB no- 

A0($BEIXI (XOTB ROBO^BO BOBCO BO TOSAOCTBeBHUtt'B) OTBOQIOBieX'B 

riaroia cBHtTLn vb Ropeiinoxy rjarojry; e tbri, no BByTpea- 

BeH CBB3Hy UOXHO COBOCXaBBTB caHCRp. vid'Vant' (bx6b. Vid'' 

f;(in ccaaanu^iBx), co6ctb. <k coaHaBuiiif » — 6yBB. a^wth BBin- 
n^igiD sas ocBHAtTB Bitx>fliil») CB aBFJ. J have hnown^ B'b>T. ich 
hdbe gewusst (($yRB. «a BHiD sbbboa); ^paaii. fai trouvd {a 

22* 



S40 oy««iisoi -ixmt. § 122« 

BamejiD^^cfl nin HaRAeeo»)| HOBO^rpm* etxct XiMti (i 
XHj'b Csjio), BHpasaDmee cob. npom. apeiai h np^ Bi caa- 
CKpiTft -vant n BioHHTejiBHoai eAHHCTB. npHHEiaerfc 4^pif 
-vdn^ KOTopaa n Tasi Has. cAoSuxt naAaauixi DepexoAmeir 
^ua (aai ^^^vs-); Tasi^saB'& 8to osoaqaBie OTBOMrea njABoeH- 
Boay npomeAmeHj BpeieHB, to yxBoeBie yxepsaaaeTca h b% npi- 
wcTii (c<!b Ttia ROflewo orpaeaqeBiaaa i HeopaBBAHOCTaiv, 
BOTopoa Biton cajy npi odpasoBaaiH aroR (|»opaH bi HaiaBi- 
TOjaHon BaMOBeflia) : tu-fup-vHn ( yAapaBmil), sop. tup^ rpev. 
rxm- (rxyn-T'tx); TA^hHA-vSm,^ sop. Vhii (soaon), lar* fMr 
ere^ sop. fid; (npa o^piaoaaflia cooTBtTCTaeHBoB 4^op^H sea* 
eaaro po^a -vdn BopexoAan bi -tilt: U-hhid-'uk); ni^nt" 
vdn (aoAHiiK), sop. nt (aecTB), ^^opaa seaca. poxa: m^'M- 
uk — ni'-njuk; ta-sthi-vdn (nocToaamifl), on Bthdf sohcb* 
4»opi« ta-sth^ust. npa asoraxi raarojiaxi ocotfeaao npa rtxi, 
BOTopHO aenpaaajibMO o^pasyarri yABoeaaoe npomexnieo Bpeaa, 
npoaexoAHii BCTaaaa coeAaaaTeibHaro i; iis-i^dn, on aopa. 
vas (xhtb), Bi seaca. poA. As-nst; tg^-vdn (sepTBOBaamil), 
sop* ia^i seaca. j^opa. tg-ust; Un-i^vdnf b% seaca. pox* 
Un^ukf Bop. tan (Taayn, pacraraBan): vid^vdn (sBavBiil), 
o($pa80BaBB06 6e8i yxaoeaia aopaHBoro ciora, alien apoat 
Toro aaaaeaie npaucTia aacToaaiaro apeMaaa* 

npHcoexaaeaieai ai eyQecTBBTejaaHai "vant otfpasjen npa- 
laraTeibDBa BTopaaaaro paspaxa: phda-vant (naoxopoAHHflX on 
phda (nJi0A'B}| aop. phal; sukha-vant (cqaeuaaHfl), on auhha 
(yAOBOJibCTBie, eaaetie); putra-vant (aatomil aItoI, CBHoael), 
on putra (chbi); hima^vant (catsflnl), on hima (rntn, 
aaaa) aar. hiems (Ap.-($aBTp, eima); guna-vant (oTjaaaHl, 
((jtaropoABHR)) on guna (AotfpoAtreib, xopomee cboSctbo); vidjd^ 
vant (y«ieBH>), on vidjd (aayaa)i aop. vid («8aan» — b% 
nepaoaaaaiaaoai aaaqeaiH «BaAtn»); Qastra^vant (aoopyxea- 
BiiB), on Qostra (opysie)i a ap. OyaiioeTBaTeiBHHa aa -mh^, 



oy«*iKo. -va^ -mnt. §§ 122—123. 841 

iipoiciD6Aiuiii 111 cooTBtTCTBeHHBzi DpiJiaraTenHHzi: vidjut'^ 
va$U (cotfiasoA, eodcTS. ciitoniee HOJBiD»), on vidjut (101- 
Bi«), sop. 4j^ (((jocTtTb); hhd'8-vant («coiHiie»y co(Sctb. 
«6jiockohi OAapeHHoe»), on bhd h np. 

B^ TasoHi se BBaqemi yaorpetfifleTci i -mat^ Tose bbbi 
cj4f4^iKci BTopocTeneHBali o($pa3;DiiiiI HBorxa i cymot^TBHTea- 
BH«: a^^mant (^coiBiiey jjBa)»ss«jiyqaBH 0AapeiiiaI»), on 
anfu (lyn); ^arti^-ntafif («n7vita)» = «KpHJiBffia OAapeflHal») 
I np. Gp. § 72. 

(OoAa so AOJSBO OTBecTn -t;in h cooTBtTCTByoBiee eiy -min; 
o((a cy<|^4^iBca ptASO ynorpetfjiiiDTCB: hhd-vin «($jiHCTaTeisHs8», 
Rop. bhd; tapas'^vin «((jiaro4ecTBBuV, noKajiHBflBi»| on tapas 
cnoaaiBiOy yiepBiBjeBie uoth*, sop. tap: jagaa-vin «eiaBHnl, 
8Ha]ieBHTHl», on joQos «cjiaBa»; vdg-min «BpacBopt«iBBBl»| 
on vdc «pt^b»9 Bop. vac i np.). 

§ 128. Bi AP6BB6-((aBTpiHcB0Bi isHBi 'va odpaayen cy- 
qecTBHTeihBBi a npajiaraTeJiBBM , «iaaie vh savecTBt nepBeq- 
flarOy fleseiB BTopaqaaro eyj^^aaca: a-mith-wa (^Hen isb, 
Be isbbbI^X Kop. fnith (otfaaaHsaTi); zaur-va (crapocn), aop. 
0ar (cTapoCTb), cp. CBp. gar ^ as (cTapocn), Bop, gar; ag^pa 
(jOfliaAb)9 B8I ^oQ'-va (no aBaioria cpoASHzi ^opai, oeotfeBHO 
so caflcap. ofiva); eredh-Moa (eoiBHrneiiBHl), sop. ared (pacTB, 
enocoitcTBOBan) ; Tchraozd^va (TBepAaB), cp. Jchraoi-dd (At* 
JBTa TBopAHBi), B8i khruS'dd; aur-va (csopiiB, ouaqHiil), on 
or (iAT>); dui^a^va (Aypnol, B6roABHl)| on dus^ op. cap, 
du8 (rptman). 

npBBtpB BTopocToneBBaro cy^^BBca ^va: aghra-va (opa- 
naAxexaniil roJiOBi, tojobboI), on aghra (aepBHl); a-maja^va 
(ion coAepxauiai HBqTosflul), on mcya (ayApocTb, aeayecTBo); 
buna-va (bbsbiI, bbsbiI), on buna (abo, ocBOBaaie). 

OaoBqaaie '^nm: jdith-wan (floeotfeTBjoqil, totobhI bobo- 
nTB)| Bop. jot (TpyABTfcCBi TopoBBTbCfl), osp. jatj koTs^van 



842 Gyft4ftBCGi 'vant. § 123. 

(cHasBaiiie eeiH qacTeS CB'6Ta», — co6ctb. cTJiffyo^iflciix)), sop, 
hares (Tan^HTB, bojio^b), csp. kars; derez-van (okobh, ysHy 
KaHi\ajrH)y. Rop. darez (fEptnimBy jTBepzAaTB); igvan (lorj- 
lAiS), sop. tQ (6uTB Bi coctoaaiH, uo^b); a(2A*u;aii(«Aopora»-^ 
on beiBB^THaro no SHaqeaiK) KopHX adh^ BapasaBmaro Bi^^ 
poflTHO «HATH», cp. CAMK^. adh-van); paro-dreQ-van (npeA- 
BHA^miB^ npeAycHarpHBaioni^iH), Kop. dareg (BBAtib), esp. darg. 
-vana: d-fri-vana ((^JiarocjiOBeHie), sop. frt (<!1)($etb). 

BTOpocTeneHHUHi oKoeqaBiexi ^van OBaHqeBaercA Bicitxyi)- 
mHxi cJOBaxi: mtida-van ((coAapeHHsB BarpaAoB, B03Rarpas- 
AeHHuff>i), on nti^(2a (narpaAa), nepc. mizd, ji,^.'6ojlt. Uhyiji; 
verdhra-'Van (notiixouocHHB), on verethra (ao(StAa)f sop. var; 
dthar-van («xpem, nosjiaHflnmiBcfl orHi)» — otfqee HasBafiie 
speAOBx), orb d-tar (oroBi>), nop. ad (tCTB, nosHpaTB). 

OiiOo^aHie -^vanty BopaxaDiiiee npHqacria npomeA. BpexeBH aM* 
CTB. sajiora, b'b BM6HHTeJBH0» eAff HCTB. npBHBMaei'B ^opxy -vdo; b'b 
CiiaCiaxi BocBeHHHii naACKax'b h bi ^^opvaxi seHcsaro poAa, b^ 
corjiaciH ci caHcspHTon, osasHBaeTca -us-: vaokh-vdo (fobophb- 
miB), A^T. naA. vaoJcus-i, koi^. vac; vd-varez-vdo (AtRcTBO- 
BaBmiB, nopatfoTaBmiff), fM. o^^ vdvarez-us-iy Kop. varez; 
donh'VdOf Rop. ah {6un, cRp. as)^ poA. naA. mbox. : donh-uham; 
ga-ghn-vdO" (BiteTi Bflaqeuie hbct. ppeseBB <xpa36HBaDniiRi 
y4apfiK)iu.iB»), Rop. ^an; ^a-ghdur-vdo (<x6AtBiniB, npotfAtBmifl*, 
Tose cc^AHTOJibBQBx)), BHB» ga-gMur '^ vdonhem, Rop. gar (6AtTb); 
c7a -(!%-t;(!to («C0TB0piiBmiB»y bi SBaqeniB cyaiecTBHTejrbHaro «tbo? 
pe]i'B»)| BHHBT. da - dh ' vdonhem y poAHT. dath-us-df Rop. dd 
(TfiopHTb)^ eap. dhd; pi'pi-vdo^ Rop. pd (ccnnTb, KopHHTb 
rpyAbi)») — BCTpiqaetM bhhht. kobcr. ipojk.pi-pj'-^s-im (ot- 
BocHTejibHo AOJiroTH Bi u cp. Bopp, Yergl. Gramm. III. 154 — 
155| npntO*) «seHniBny, BHtDmyio hojioro^ — Jnsti; va^ 
van-vdo (<cno6tAOBOCHuB»), poA* mhoz. vaon-us'Sm^ sop. 
van (notSftsA^Tb, yAapan). 



cy«. -vant Bi ap.-bartf. h rpsq. fls. §§ 128—124. 343 

npHiipH npHjaraTejTBRHX'E, otfpasoBanHHX'B nocpoACTBOHi ey^i- 
^gcca 'vant: daeva-vant (iipeAaHHuH sjihmi Ayxaii), ot^ daiva 
(sjioB Ayxi), Rop. div (tfjiecT-bTb) , csp. c2et;a (6or%); mazga- 
vafit ((SoraraB MOsroHi), oti ^mazga, cooTctTCTBynmaro caacsp. 
maggd^ AP**<$o.ir. uoi^r^b^ nepc. meghss; paima-vant (^opv. xbhcb. 
poA* ^paS-mavaiti «(!oraTHB mojiobohd)), oti ^aeman (vojioiio 
seHfliBHiX Kop. |i<j (oHTb); mranjd'vant («3ojiotoS)) ct> hb- 
npaBMbHHMi npoj^ojisReHieM^ a oepex^B oROHqaaievB), on Baranja 
(aojiOTo), cKp. hiranja; vagtra-vant (cHa($jReHHnH ojiaTbeH'b), 
on voQ'tra (njiaTbe), sop. vanhj csp. vas (itaT. ves-tire); 
hunara • vaik (Ao(ipoift rejbHEiiff ) , on hunara ( AO($poA'&TB.Tb ), 
nepe. Auner; 5er6j?-t;a^^ ( BOSBHinBHHHSy HoryntecTBeHusBX ^^^^ 
fter^jer- (((BEicosiH» — ci cy(|»$»sco]i'b a; hereza) ^ sop. Z^are^ 
(pacTH); jrAlmd - t;a»f (qc noAO(!H£iB bbhi^ Kasi bh») t^. jusmd- 
vant (iiOTOpoe toxb BCTpt^aeTcn) , on juhm (ua); jaoJchsti- 
vanl (cHJiOH) OAapeBBHH), ^pH. sbhcb. p. «jaoJchsti'vaitvy^ on 
jaokhsti (cnjia), h np. Ha cqeTb OKOB^aHU -mant B^AP-^^^aBTp. 
X9. cp. § 73. 

§ 124. Taax-RaBi bi rpe^ecROMi BSHst, bo BpeHOHa sjiac- 
tBOfLzw, corjiacHoB v Be OBasuBaoTCfl, to TOJbRO aa ocHOBaBia 
aaaJioriH mozho yRasaTb ua HtsoTOpuH cJiOBa^ HHtBmiH npeacAo 
otfo^ee ci ApyrHMu tpoAflSMB ^opuanH oROB^anie -va; Ri* ra- 
BHHi cjioBaii opHHaAJiesan : oho- (Bocb, iitjibiil), jiai. sd-vo-^ 
CKp. sar-va^ Ap.-faBrp. haur-va. A^.-neycharu-va; IfTr-Tro*^ 
(ROHb) 031 *lKh, ciftOTpB no BHajioriH jiaTHBCRaro equo-y h caiiCRf* 
ag-va^ yaasaBaioiiiiix'b Ha nepBOBaq. ^ah-va; ccloSv (BftRi, aiHsub, 
CTOJiTie), FW. otltSv-of-, Bs*b *a/-F(»v, cp. Jiar. ae-w (ntr,)f 

roTCK. aivs (masc.)} Kop« * (batw)« * 

-t;an< otfHapjsBBaeTca h SA^Cb, ho B^ BOCbia coRpaj^eHHOU'b 
BBAi, TaKi-RBR^ BHnajio He TOJbRo t;, HO H aayai hocoboIS; xa- 
Kflii oGpasoxi cancBp. -vdws-, AP*-<>BKTp. vdo- cooTBtTCTeyen 
«-^ (h3i *por-^), OROHqaHii) aeacR. poA. -ws-f = -u7- ("uT-cc^: 



1 



344 oy**HROH -M, -va$it. §§124^125. 

r€'rft(p-oi-ff (4»opM iieH. naxesa on Bopea r^tfi «Tepeu»), 
En *«-rf /jS - C>6^ - pdT-^, poABT. re-rfi(p ' oT'Offf ■xes. xeaciu 
p. rs ' r^tcp " v7-cc; on npocraro npoDieAmaro Bpei. xi-xp^-o^ 
(sop. Koyr — 6ht^ )AapaTi»)y o6pa8jeTcx npH^aciie npoffleAioaro: 
xs-xoTT-o^p, npoHcmeAinee n^ \a-%»7t'?on^s^ sencR. 4^opi« x«- 
xo9r-u7-«, poA« e*. lys, p. x«-xo^-oT-of; htnto^-oT" (oti (nfel^c$ 
«cto»), 131 w-ovof-pctr-^, Kop. 9par; ie-^o^er^ (orb Jl^f-a> 
«Aopy»i cap. clar^; ie^iopc-vlec («BiAtBinaa»), isi Ma-dark- 
ns-jft, rjiar. iifK-o/jLus (aixy, rjasy), sop. ^dark^ cap. <{ar(; 
ioT'OT' =€0X06-^01^9 tf. LeO'MeyeT^ Vergl. Gr. 221 (hmch. 
itrrooc)^ Vb seacs. p. itrrZca^ aai Vct-erro^-pctr-jVi^ (cp. 8 uiu 
MHOS. 11HCJ. npom. ap. i<rroi - (n-it^ aaer. ap. 7<rrfi'/ii «ctoi)» — 
181 ai'oroc^iJiif cap. ^i - s(A({-ini^; el^-oT' (BHeu. WJ(»^), aai 
*pf/(?-por-=*F'^-p»vr-^, cap. f;i(I-t;({w-; ooA^ai aopoHBol rjao- 
Bol bfipaaoBBJiea ai noBAHtlaiil oepioAi, ejAa uo CTapaBBOvy 
livT-a (En yii'vaj'd), aop. pi^ = eap. vid. 

§ 126. Bi jaTHBCBoai Jisaat se acTpiqaeTcx *t;ant Baa^a 
oiSpaaoaaTOJibBHl cyj^^aaci Dpaqaeria apoaieAniaro Bpeaena; aa 
TO npoeToo OBoa^iaHie -m, paajaraDBieeca SAtca aa -uo^ e% 
^acToii yBOTpefijeaia : ae-vo- (Baea. aevum cBiqaocTa, aoa- 
pacn, BtBi»), Bop. i (batb), rpeq. opl-a^v-; ard-uo- (aosaa- 
meaiuB, apyrol, BaTpyAHBTejbBBl), cp. cap. urdh-va (bhco- 
Bil); o^-^-KO- (668npepHBBBH» hoctohbbbH), ara *ad sed-uo-^ 
Bop. aed (eaAtn); con-tig-uo- (caeaBBl, coctABil), zn ^eum- 
tag-TBi Bop. tag (AOTporaaaTbca), aeonp. tang -ere; eq-uo-' 
(aoBb), Bop. ahf cap. ag-va; lae-vO' (jtauB)! rpeq. Xxio^^ ao- 
AiIcB. Aa0/-p0; ful-vo' (TeaaosejiBRy pBEiB), aai Yolg-To*, 
Bop. fidg, cp. fidg-or (6jiecE%9 ciEm)^ fidg-ur (eoaexm); pasc^ 
ua (nacTiSaaie), aai *posk-Ta, rjar. paac-ere (uaoTa), Bop. pase- 
pacmapeai aai pa; per-pet^uo- (nocToaaflBif)i aop. pet^ riar. 
pet-ere (cTpeaaTbca, CHBCBaTs); t;a2-t;a («aoioBBBa ABepaaaa*— 
BO aaoz* HHci. <ivaivae» «CTBopu»)| atpoarHO ot( aopa. vol— 



oy*ftiKOi -va Bi Jir. jra. § 126. 845 

var^ csp. var (oKpyxaTB, 8aAepsHBaTi> ); prae-eip-^M (oeofeo- 
BHI9 HeotfBBHOBeDHHl), 831 V^e-cap-YB-, Bop. cap (aaXBBTH- 
BaTB; ((pan); tor-vo- (jibbII, CBBptnal), Bop. <er (ep. U-^tw 

«0p0THBBH8| OTBpaTITejbBHl»)| eCJIB OHO BO GOCTOBn Vh eBBSV 

n tarq* (aaepTtni Bopown, rByn»); voe-tio- (njCTol), rjar. 
vac-are {imh djcthbi); eon-tin-uo- (uepaapoBUBli r moidhiiI), 
Bop. ten (xepsan); per - spic - uo- (npospBVHiil, ovobbabbI); 
eon-spic-uo- (saBtTBat), Kop. epeo^spak (BBAtn); oc*eul-iio- 
(«aaBaTBBaDmilcB, Be«iop:iil»), b8% *ob*6ad-Ta% Bop, cad (na- 
Aan); j^ro-misc-uo- (tfeapaajBTOBt, Bceotfmil), Bop. ff»«^« (it- 
Biau); dt-vid-m- (A'hjBBHl)^ on({lt?i(2-6re(pa8AtiBn); cued- 
ifo- (bbp;(SboI), rjiar. coed -ere (pyfiBn, ptsan); ex^ig^uo- 
(BBieBBKil, BopoiBil), TJ. em^ere (BBFOBBn, jxajBTB); itoc-uo- 
(BpoABBR), OTi noc'ire (BpoAan); /«r-t;o-(TeflBBB, BpaqBBi), 
Bop. fwr (aeBSBftcTBaro aeaqoBiB, TaB'b-BBK^ c6.iRBeHie ero cs 
fwr «Bopi» coiBBTejbBo). BTopH^iBBBi oROBqaBieBi -t;a oaa- 
8BBAeTeB wh ann'-ufh (rojioBOl), on anno^ (masc. «roAi»); 
noet'ua («eBqi», rp. Lea- Meyer ^ Yergl. Oramm. 868)9 on 
noct' («BoqB»— cjtA* cBO^BBB oTBi^a*); vb carvo' (mnsc. «eo- 

P0B%») V BO lipBBBAAeXBI^ Bik OKOH^aeiD, BBBl BIJIBO B8% 

cpaBBeaiii ci esp. kd^rav-a (Bopoai), rAt rava BapasBon 
«BpBBi, Bpflvan^il^. 

OsoBqaHio -tvo- BcrptqaeTCB bi cxoaan nepsBBBaro, bo u* 
mfi BTopB^BBTO o($pa80BaBia; opBBtpB flepBBqaaro ^vo-: noe-tvih 
(BpeABHl), on noc-ire; vac^tvo* (bjctoI), on vacdre (En 

9nVb ABjn BpBBipMl BBABO9 BTO -tVO BO BBOO qTO, BBBS 

pjCfliBpeHBai ^psa OBoaqaaiB uo-; bi o6oBn cxoBan spoBt 
-}m jootpetfjieTCB Tose *uo); ear-rds-tvo- (paaitA^Dii^il), on 
carr6d'ere (ciiAiin, criBABBan). 

npBBlpB BTopaqaaro'-too: furt-tvo- (tbIbbV, cbpbtbhIX 
on fitrtum (apasa, tbIbb); ndt-tvo- ({iOSAobbbIX on ndto- 
(apaii Dpofli. Bp. on m-bci «poabtmi»); aU'tvo* (AiBTMB- 



* 

346 cy««siKOH -vant^ -bo-. § 125. 

bhS, AiVcTi3HTe jbHaB ), orb acto-^ Rop. ag (A'bHCTBOEaTb); t&rt^ 
ivo' (Bs.'^aBJieHHHlf, BHxaTHff), OTi tor-tO'j npHq. rjiar. torqu-^ 
tre (BeptiTB, Bopoqan); aest-tvo- (jiiTHiH), orb aest-us (m^'B^ 
8flQB)> ci^.aestdt' (iiHen. aestds fern. c(jij6tg»); capt'tva- (nita- 
bhB), OTi cap'tO', Kop. cajp; genit-tvo- (Bposj^eHBHlf, upoia- 
BOAiioiiiB), OTi genitO', nop. ^en (posxaTB); t;d^$t;o- (o($lii(aH* 
hqB, BOXA^Ji^HHHff X 0T^ rd^o- (otr. cotftT'BD) H np« 

CaHcnpHTCKoMy -vantj o^pasyDmoHy npBJiaraTejiBHEiH ei SRa- 
q6BieH^ HitHiBy B.iaAtHiii q'bM'b-HH($y;(By cooTBtTCTByerB Jiar. -dso-^ 
DpeACTaBJr^iDniee cj$i|)hbci> BTopoCToneHHsH: damn-iso- (aaryC- 
flHB, j($EiToqHHi(), OTi damno* (ntr. <i(ymep6i»); aestU'dso- 
(xapKiB)y OTi a€5^M3 (zap^); dol-dso- (xhtphR, EOBapnuSX 
OTi doio- (masc. axHipocTB, o(JMaHx»); herh-dso- (TpaBHCTiaff), 
OTT» herha (rpaaa, paCTCHie); aqu-dso- (*eorOBOAHHH), on aqua 
(ROjra); furi'dso- (dtraeHHaB, cBHptncTByiDmiB), oti /i*nct (a- 
pocTB); cldm-dso' (myiBiiB, KpnajrHBiiB), on ddmor (kphk^b); 
fum'630' (AHMHuBy sasonTibJiHB) oti fAmO" (masc. «AErxi>») h np» 

8;..icB cqETaeui yutcTiiBxi npuBecTii n li oEocqanU, eoto- 
pHXi cchobhhu'b SBysoui ocaaHBaeTca b^ Taai-Kas'B Tasoe b b% 
($o;ri>niHRCTBt npHBaAJiexan^HX^ CD^a cy^j^HRCOBi bi BipoHTHOCTBO 
iioxflo npnBflTB aa HSHtneBnoe v; 8TH OKOBqaHia citxyiDniia: ^bo-^ 
bulo'y bundO', bro-^ bUi-. Hsi bthxi tojilko -bro aeJiBsa otfi- 
acHBTb Bsi *-t;ro, Tacx-saKi obo, wb saqecTBt ey^^nKca, (Sea's 
coxHtaifi BHpaxaoTi nepROflaqajbBEiB rjiaroiiLBaB sopenB, coBna- 
XaioniiB cb caecKp. bhar (necTH). SoaqeHie h jnoTpetfjeaie dTtfzi 
c^4)$BRC0B'b flBCTBjeTi B31 B0serj[tAyH>ntiix'B npnutpoBi. 

Gj4^$HKCi 'bO' BCTptqaeTca b'b o^ohb BexBorax:B cymecTaa-* 
TeJibBHXi>y vxh upeACTnBjaeT'B no dojiBinefi qacTff ctbxIr) nep- 
BHinyro: mor-bo- (masc. «(Jojit3UB»), on mor-t (yMHpan), cap, 
Kop. mar; Jier-ba (fem. «TpaBa, pacTeBie»), aop. her = har 
(lecbaa BtpoaTiio bi SBaqeHin vsejeaiTB^), cp. cap. har4 (ae- 
jeBuB); nepBonaqaJiBHOHi *ghar^ iiai KOTopnro o($pa30BajiocB hary 



07«4nRGH 'bro'f -bra bs jiat. fl3. § 125. 317 

CBHAttejibcfByeTrB npoHsanmee cK)ji,a gra-men (Tpaan^sjias^); gU- 
ha (viu69k, BjcoK'b seflJiR), ROTopoe Jleo-MeHepi (Yergl. Gramm. 
250)cpaBBRBaeT'b cTBrpeq, ^SXjo- (fem.)i npoHcmeAmee, noero «Bt- 
BiDy JiVb */3oA-Fo-; Bi acer-bo^ (eueH. acerbus cchhuhB, ropBsi8») 
AoiXHo npe^noJiaraTB OKouvaaie BTopflqaoe, cp. acer (ocrpHH, liAKiH). 

IIpHitpH cJioBi Ha OBOuqnBie 'bro'-f iipoHcnieAniee hsi rjia- 
TOJibB. KopB. bhar (necTii): cri-bro' (ptraeto, chto), rjiar. cem- 
ere (npoctBaiB), npom. sp. cr6-vi; fld-bro- (ntr. «AyHOBeBie»), 
OTi fld-re (jyTB)— CD^a npHiHKaei'b h fld-bd-lo' («onaxajio»), 
v/fk 'bel'lo- npoHsomJo BCAtACTBie yno;io6jieHiii hsi *-ber*lo; de-lu- 
bro' (ntr. icKanHnie, uirxo o^BB^euiB^X on de-lu^ere (cuuB2LTh); 
late-bra (fern. cccspiiToe ntcTO, y(S'bsHfl;e»)y rjr. latS-re i6un 
CBpflTBHi); dold^bra (sHpsa, HOTusa), on dol-dre (otfTecn- 
BBTB, pjtfHTB); tere-bra (caepjio, tfypaai), oti terere (lepeiB); 
vertebra (crnCi, enHHBair kogtb), on vert-ere (BOprtTB, noBo- 
pauBaTB); palpe-bra (atso), mbox. palpebrae (pliCfliiiiB), OTi 
palp'dre (cJiersa AOTporBBETBeH, rjaiHTb); scate^bra (BO^a ((bd- 
mail Hsi sevjiH, BJinqi), nar. scat-ire (coquTBCB, BEiTesaTB); 
pd'lece-bra (apRvaBKa, upejiecTB, Flaat.)^ ^ti pet'lic-ere (npH- 
laBHBaTB, npeJiBBiaTB), raicB b il-lece-bra (apHHaBKa, npBBJie- 
UTe-iBBOCTb) OTi H'lic-ere (aaHaflBBaTB); Mgu-bri- (aeqa.iBB£ifl, 
ZRjio(Sflii]H), OTi lUg-tre (cibTOBaTB, on.iasifBaT(>). 

IIpBMtpH BTopaqnaro -bro (bri-) : muUe-bri- (sencdB), on 
mtdier (xeflaiflHa); manu-brio- (ntr. apysoBTsay py4Ka»), orb 
manu' (fern. «pyiiai>); ludi-brio- (nacitoiKa, yBBxeaie), aojix- 
Bo oTHOcuTb, no BBBJioritf npeABiecTByniiiaro cJOBa, i&i ludo- 
(masc. «flrpa»); candHd-brp- (ntr. ^noACBiqBBK^]*), on can- 
dda (cD'bqa), rjiar. cand-ere ((SjiBcraTB, nHJaxB). tenebrae (tob- 
HOia)) bo aBajEoriH cpoAHHxi cjiobi, B.iUflieMi pacnoAolienia, 
npoflsomjio bb'b '^teme-brae, cp, caBeKp« tam-as (reMBOTa); -bra 
baIcb cy^^^^BBCB BtpoflTflO BepBBquiiRy npBCTaBjeBHuS b:b sopB. 
teniy ep. con-tem-n^ere (npesBpaTb). 



848 oy**KKoi 'btdo. § 125. 

OKOHtmide -iulo- npoicmeAioee » no Bcel BtponROcrv, m 
nepnoBaqajuHuro -vara, BeTpftqaoTCx n tionn npeny mecTBea- 
Bo DepBi^HHZi, H o((pa3jerB ototfeHHO vaoTO cymeerBiTejiiBHi 
epexHirro poxa; oTHomeflie aroro oBOOTanix k% opejiniecTBjDn^eaj 
TpjABO onpeAiJiBTb, Taai-BBBi se CBorpx sa otfniil lai bbjbs 
(y B BB wpeAOBBBie BJBBBHn r B {, onpaBieBiB bxi bmui 
Baaaan TOXA^i^TBeBBiiBB, a ei xpyrol cTopoBH b ^opaanBoe 
Bxx pasxaqie OTAlJiBan an ipyn on Apyra. IIpaatpH: sta- 
hulo' (ntr. catcTO npo^HBaflia, ctoIjio, utai*), on aM-re 
(ctobtb); pd-lndo- (ntr. «Bopii, BBflta»), sop. pd (naTarb), 
cp. pd-vif npom. Bpea. on paaeere (nacTB, sopaan); lati' 
hdth (nix. cytitzBDte, Bopa»), Bop. lot (lot-ire «tfHn cspii- 
Ty»); tintinnd-bulo- (bbobobi, boioboj&wbi) , on tin-tin- 
ndre (sBOBtn, ({paaan), cjobo aayBoaoApaauiTenBaro Bpoaczox- 
AOflia; vocd'bulO' (ntr. cBaBBaaie, BBa»), on t>ac-dre (aaan); 
v6nd'hulO' (ntr. «oxoTBBqi6 Bonbo, poraTBna*), on vin-dri 
(ozoTBTbCB, JiOBBTb); poti'bulo- (ntr. «AH(!a, aajootfpaaBoo opy- 
Aie»)y on pat-ire {6un OTBopesBBBi, OTspaToai); pro-sti- 
hula (fern. cBenoTpetfaaa xeflntafla, 6jyABBi(a»), on pro-stdre 
(tion BHCTaBJieByy npoAaaaTBca); denti-frag-i-hido- (mase. «Bii- 
((BBaTe»ay((oBi», Plant); nud-frang-i-hdo" (ntr. «opixojioBS» 
vh myTOVB. cjiork o «a?((axi» — Plant.)! Bop. frag (loxan), 
Boonp. frang-ere; sA-bula (fem. «fliBjio»), on au-ere (man); 
vesti'bulo' (ntr. <KBpeAABepie> axoA*^*), r^r. vest-tre (ontnrh\ 
BpoaexoABBiil bi cbod o^iepoAb on cyqecTB. ves-tis (uMne)^ 
Bop. vas (oAtaaTb); n cUnd-btda (aojiatfeib, atcTo posA6Bia)| 
BpoflcxoABBieai oneonoe (KOJiutfeibi BJiaAOB<iecTBo), ORoavtaio 

BBJiaeTCB BTOpBWHBl, pBBHO BBfcl B Vb OCitd-bulo- (tttr. «yB- 

6ycBBita»), on acito- (ntr. cyscyci*, co(Sctb. «0BBC!Qil»y nop. 
ac «6fiin BBejiHBi», ep. ac-idus cbbcjhI»). Ki -hdo- npB- 
BBjiesBn B ynoTpetfiaeBoe n atsoTopsxi ciobbxi -pido: 
dieci'pulo- (niasc« cy^eBB&ia), on discere (yoraM); mani^ 



■^ 



oy##8XOH -hundo'^ -hUi-. % 125. 849 

pido- (mase. coxanKa, BisaHta^), on manu- (fem. «pyn»). 

IlepBHqHoe oicoHWHie -bundo-, o6BapjsHBa»iiiee CBBZh ci -^nt^ 
Kan fyb osoHqafiieii opaqacTii oacToiimaro BpaseoH (cp. h -ndo- 
JIM BHpameBia (yi. Bpa^. CTpu* MJ«)f otfpaayen DpHiaraTejb- 
BHfl i8b rjarojiBBBxi Bopaefl; cyfliiecTB6HHafl paauBiia vb aaa^e- 
lii ejoBi Ha 'hundo'^ bo xooycBaen BOBOcpeACTBeBHaro e6xH'- 
seflix ero ci osoBUHien -ikIo, Tasi-aas'B vi n%un cioBaxi 
BejiMf HO sartTHn AiHcTBHTejBBaro OTBomeHu: furi-bundo- 
(BeiCTOBuI), on furete (((tciTMa, «pBTbG«); pudi-hundo- 
( eraxBBiilcB) cthi.jibbhI), on pudire (ciiuHTiiei), cp. vomcs. 
pud4ti (nooflipaTfcy BoiSysAan); tenta-hundo- (icBHTHBaDBtil, 
BHTaDmil)f riar. teiU-dre (HCBHTBBaTi>); suert-bMiuio- (xajys- 
siilca), on queri (sajioBaTbca); mori-bundo- (yBRpaDqil), on 
moT'i; venera-bundo' (no^TBTejibBHl , yBasaDBiil), on t^ene- 
rdri (bbcoko novHTan). 

OKOBvaBie "bUi- otfpasyen noro^iMcleBBBl paapjiA'B apua* 
raTejuiBxi En riaroAbBBXi sopael: fU-bUi- (xajsil, xaio(S- 
bbI), ibor. fl&nUst on fli-re («njaKaTb»; sop. fle- bs cbbsk 
n flu-ere «to<ii>»); laudd-bili- (aoxBajibBBl)« on laud-dre 
(xBann); ex-aecrd-biU' (aoctoHbhB aposMTia), on eo^-^ecrctri 
(ipouHBan), sop. sac (sac-er ccbbvobbbI^); ex-cHsd-Uli- 
(BpoGnTajBBBR)> on ex-cHsdre (asBBBirb), in ex-caos- (causa 
capaqBHa, BHBa»); harri-bUi- (yxacBBi, CTpafliBBl)i on horrtre 
(Apozan^ ysacanca), sop. horr=^*hor8^ cap. hara; ex-pugnd- 
bUi' (npeoAOJHiBl), on ex-pugndre (aaBoosBBani aotftsAMb); 
nd-bili' (aaatcTflBl, ciaBBBl, fiiaropOABul), n.gn6'bUi (aP6Bb. 
^opi.)» Kop. ^d""CBp. ^ikt (8Ban)^OTBBHyToe BsqaibBoo g 
o((BapysHBa6Tea onan Kb i-gnC-bUi- (BoaBaTBut, HeroABBi), cp. 
I nS-mm (bbb), b co-gnd-men (BaaBaeie, ^^aaiJiia); ex-cptd- 
blU- (tojaoaBM), rjar. ex-aptdre (cajbBO sejaTb, BBtfapatb); 
sta-bUi' (tbopahB, HoaaaiBBHl), aop. 8ta (cToan). Ocodea* 
hbB eBoeo(»i o^pasoaaaia npoACTaBiaen jpo^^i-iiJi- (bobboshbI)! 



y 



350 oy9<i^HKon -va^ -vant. §§ 126--127. 

vi± oROHqaHie jnpiicTaBjieHO npaso si HeonpejitjieHHOiiy posse 

(MO^b, 6Rrh Bl COCTOfiBiH). 05^ HSMtHeHHHXl DOpe^'B -UU' KO- 

peHHHxi 4^opMaxi, saRVTO Bi flexi-bUi (rHtficiB), hsi ^flee-ti-, ' 
$6ii^-&iZi- (^yBCTBHTOJiBBEiH, omymaeMHlf)i iHA-ti-UH" (HeoTKst- 
BaeMsB) H np.| cp. Leo Meyer ^ Yergl. Gramm. 239. 

§ 126. BX TOTCROH'b H JHTOBGBOHrb ASSBaX'b CJ^^EKCl 'Va 
Bl npOGTOM'B BJIB CJIOXflOSl BBA'fc BCTp'bqaeTCa BBCBHa ptABo; 

BBt roTCBaro jiSBKa mosho npHBecTH: ai-va (hh6H. aivs c<BpeM»), 
MT. ae-vumy rpeq, ctlp<2v-, Bop. i; hand^va (asaBi), npoHso- 
mjio B^poATHo B3i band-dya, noxon(Bio cj^j^BSca -^t;a9 eejiB boo($- 
B^e OBO cccTOETi Bi CBB3R CI Kopiu &ane2 (Bff3aTi>), Beonpex* 
lindan; tbbx b ga'tv6 (yjiima), ecjH obo BpoBCio^KAeRifl ry- 
seMuaro, CKop'be BpflHHKaen b% Bopaw ga (ratb), ^^mi b^^ gc^-; 
no,io($HO Bi t(A-ft;^ (paseB'bTi), c6pa30BaBB0xi bsi *ak-, sop. 
*jk=eBp. us (lopiTb), cp. Jiar. at«ror-a (yTpeflBaa sapa), bsi 
ApcBB. at^s-osa, CKp. us-as. 

Gy$({'Hsci -t;an{, b6 otfpasfDn^iB, no BSB'beTHiiMi bbhi BaxBT- 
BBBaviy BB npsqaciiB, bb opBjiaraTejibHax^y Bce se yAepzaic2 
wb Itr-usj-ds («pojiBTejiBD^ coCctb. <c poABamie »), (^'t'b h6r-usja^ 
Kop. 6ar, cp. hair-an (aecTB, poABTb), Bopp^ Vergl. Gramm» 
ni. 155y § 788. -Mr- npBBBnaeTi Illicfixep'b (GompeLd. 406), 
sa ocTBTOBi yABoeBBoB TOHH BpomoAfliaro BpeHOBB (TaKi-^TO no 
erQ HBteiH) l^ ctobti BxtcTO ^a-b&r-; cp, CKp. ten-i-ma^ 
tris4ma bm. *ta-tan-ima, *ta-tras-i-ina b dp.). TaKoB se cy$- 
$flBc:b BBABTi Jleo MeBep^ (Yergl. Qramm. 225), b^ veU-vod- 
(BueB. veitvods cccBBA'bTe.ibD), conocTaBMH ero ci ap^^bbaIBcs. 
vid-vdnt (bo HBtHiH) UI-ieBxepa sa^cb bo bbabo AOCTaTo^BoB 
aaajioriB ci CDOCo6oH^ otfpasoBaBia npoABiecTByDiaoB <j[)opx£i). 

§ 127. Bb jiBTOBCBOxi BdHst BpocToe -va ReptABO Clara- 
eTca CBApyrBMH o6pa30saT6JiLBUMB ajieueBTaMBy xotb qacjio'cjidBx, 
coeABBOBbux'b cb dT^HB cy^^l^BBcoM'b, BecbKB oppaBBqeHBo: kd-vii 
(axoJBix) = <Kn(>AflBiiax)fl]liflCB»)| Bop. kdl (aoABHuan): k^-tis 



I 



e7«9. »t;a, -vant bi jihtob. a3« § 127. 361 

(noxHHMTBca); gai-vci (rojioBa), sop. gal (aeHSB'bcTBaro snaqe- 
hIb; 6mh MoseTi, cDia othocbtcb gdl-as <icKOBeiii»); jp)Z-i;a 
(xHBorb, 6pi)xo)y orb j7i2-<i (aanojiflBTb), sop. nepBoaaq. par^ 
ep. caBCsp. jmr-M (nojatil); vdld-dva- (hmob. vdld-dvas «ro- 
cooAHBi, BJiaA'bTeib»)| rji. vdd-yti (BiaAtTB)i cxaB. Kop. SAOA't 
cp. AP*~($OJir. BiUAUKa; leS-u^vi- (bsubi), rjiar. 2^i-fi (laiz-yti 
«jiH8am>), BepBOHaqajBB. sop. rift = Hgh; Tcdl-vi^ (Hies. A;(i2m 
€By8Bem»), B3i ^alyja- sop. X;aZ (yABpBTB, BOBan), BeoBpeAti. 
kdl'ti; rank'dve («pyBaBib», AP«-^oj[r. p»a-Bii), oti rankd 
(pfKa) H up. 

Bi jiBTOBCBO-cjiaBBflCBoK OTpacJiH jnOTpeC^JiBeTCJi Gj^^BRCi -vant^ 
npH ofipasoBaeiH DpHqacTiB BpomeAmaro BpoHeflH A'^^HcTBHTeu- 
Haro sajiora: vb j[htobckoh'b bshkA Tasoe npnqacTie osaaqBaa- 
etcii Ba -f3| B'B soflCB. poA. "usi (bi cpeAflOH'B -e); ^s eo- 
OTB'bTCTByei'B ApoBBOBy -aits (bsi v-ant'S aa aimycBOBi v)^ 
-usi coanaAaerb ai caflcsp. -usi; tbrbmi oiSpasoMi Uk-ti (ocia- 
BABTb)| npom. Bp. likau^ BM'beT'b lik-^s^ Uk-tisi (b31 ap^bh* 
*lik-Y-ant-s, *lik-iisi), Kop. Kft = iaT. lie (re-Hc-to-); klrs-ti 
(pydBTb); kirt'^Sf kirt-usi^ aop. kirt (cap. kart); mat-yti (cmo- 
TpftTBi bha^tb): mat-es, bi seacs. poAt mdc-tisi (bsx ^naat- 
j-usi)y sop. ina^y cp. Ap.-($ojrr. cvuoT-pHTH (cbotp'^tb); spdud- 
yti (cxDBaTB): spdud-es^ vh seucB. poAt spdndz-usi (b3% 
^spaudjusi); vUk-ti (TaBiBTB, BOJioqB) — vilk-es^ vUk-usi^ sop. 
valk^ cp. pyccK. eoAony == jebtobcb. vdk-u ( AP«-((oAr. baik - x, 
Beonp. ba'Biu-th); klup-ti (cnoTKayTBCfl) — klup-^, Jdup-usi (ai 
BacTOBBi. BpeH. BopeaB npaBflMaeii BCTaaoqHsB BocoaoB aaysi: 
kluinp'u)f Bop. klup^ cp. qeaicB. klop-yt-nouti (cflOTEByTBca); 
rUs'ti (aaxoABTB) — rad-esj rad-usij zof.rad; trduk-ti (xa- 
b^itb) — trduk-es^ trduk-usi (ai Bpoar. apeiieaH: trduk-iau; i 
HJifl j ae OBaaHBaDTX cvarqaiDfltaro aaiaaifl aa seacByi) $opiy 
npHqacriB, Tasi-KaBi'^aeoapeiftjeflBoe BoaqaeTca aa -tij a ae 
aa -yti); kiik-ti (apouBBaTB): k^ik-^^ k4ik-usi (sop. keik 



852 OBPAdOBAniB OPiBH. H nPEBOGX. CTEH. § 128* 

6en npH($aBovHaro OELOHqania i); dti^ii (AaT&), otSpasyen ddv 
^8, ddv-usi (cp. 41)opHy npom. BpexeHH dav-iati), da-ves — 
npHCTaBKOx) K^ rJiarojiBBHHi eophbh'B, odpasyei^ npa^acTU ne- 
coBepmeaflO-npomeAniaro BpeiieHH: Mih-daves (bi seecs. po^t 
^Tcdh " davys%y> ) ; vdlgy-daves (-^81)^ ot% vdlg-yti (4ctb); 
gdbe-daves^ orb gilbeti (oovoraTB); Up daves, on lip-ti (boa- 
HHMaTbCfl) H np. 

OfPldOBAfllE GPABBHTBjIBBOB H nPEBOGZOAHOl 

GTEBEBEff. 

§ 123. Bi HHAO-eBponeBcBOM'B BiexeHB cpaBBBTeibnafl n npe- 
BocxoAflafl CTeneHB otfpasyoTCii nocpeACiBOHB cy<{»4^BKeoB'By npH- 
coeAHflflDo^Hxca si npocTux:B Texaii'B npiuaraTejBHHXi, soTopHxt 
BoaeqaHfl rJiacHHfl otfuBHOBOBBo noABepraDTca hjlh BiinycBy ijie 
psutHeBiiD. Gaoco6i otfpasoBafliii aiHxi AByx'B cieneseS nocpex- 

CTBOMl Cy4)<|)HKC0Bl CBHA%T6JIBCTByeT'b <|)0pMa.lBHOXl COBOpBieH- 

CTBt HHAO-eBpooeBcBoB OTpacjiir, Tas^B-KaK'B otf'b CTenoBH epaa- 
Beaia bi BSHsaxi ci nepBo^sTBuii opraHHSHOHi anpasaiOTca 
BccpaBfleaBO Bpoii^e. Bo HBorHxi asEiEaxiy flanp.i epaBBBTenaaa 
CToneBb Bi <|)opHajiBfloi'B OTBomeaifl paBHBexcfl nojiosBTeJiBfloS, 
OTjiHqaffCB on bob bib nojioxeaieMi bi npeAJOseflii!, hjih Ttai, 
^TO npHNHBaexii si neH rjiarojii, vjib Apyroe cjiobo, npHABDn^ee 
npocTCHy npBjaraTejBBOMy BBaqeaie cpaBueaU. Tasi, aaiip., bi 

BBTaBcKOHl flSHKi epaBBBTeJbHafl CTeflOHb BEipasaOTCB otfHSHO- 

bobho rjiarojiosi pt (cpaBBHBaTb), npu HOd'b caHoe npaaaraTOib- 
Boe rcT. eicfl ReBSHtBeBUEiB'b; Taai, npoAJtoseaie «fl jyiime eroA 
BupasaoTCB qepesi: ^vd, pt td, hdu-ti^f 6yBBajibB0 eca, cpasBBTb 
ero, xopomiB TaBoB» (td «0flii>, coctobtb sa^cb bi OTBomeaiH 
BBBHTOJibflaro BaAosa, otfycjiOBiHBaeBaro npeAniecTByDntHHi pjia- 
roJioMi); aaa aeu 6oAhmeMeHsy> BEipasaexca: «ni (nl-na) pt 
vd td-tii^^ ((ysBajiBBO — «BH, cpaBBETB xeaa^ (SojibbioK Taaol^. 
Bi lajiaBcBOM'B asuat, apoMft npacTaBaa BepoA'b npajiaraTeib- 



OBPABOBiHIS OPABH. CTIBKHB. § 128. 853 

HHMfb OJiOBa ld>ih ((ojite), cpaBHHT«jisHBJi CTeaeBb noaserb b 

BHpaxaTbCB npOCTOH) DOJIOSBTeJIbHOK), Bl COeAHHOHiB C^ 6;iOBOH*b 

deriy bjh deripadaj BiitDQee 8Ba<ieHie, cooTbd^TCTBytoiuee pyccs. 
^HibMZ^f HO BEipasaDB^ee co^ctbohbo npe.uor'b otm. Taai Banp. 
rdmd tingi deripada Idron («(ad» Bume xhsbbhid) aaaqBTi 
co6cTBeBBO fidoMZ eucoKiH ofm xuoicufMy> (bm^cto deripada 
■OSHO yooTpe($BTb B deri; bcb BupasBTejibHOCTb cpaBBHTeibBoB 
CTenoHB sasjiiDqaeTCB vh derij Riii deripadaj Hex;(y tkwb bbbi 
npBJiaraTejibHoe ho BSMtHflOTCii; TasoB caocotfi Biipaxarb cpaBBB- 
TejibflyiD CTefleflb ^ysAi BSHsaM'b Hamero njieBeHB); lebar Idut 
deri sAnei (Hope mBpe p'bsfl), tfysB. «niBposo Hope on ptKB»; 
tagap laU-ldki deri perampOan (Hya&JiHfla CHJiba'be seBqBBs), 
6yBB. tfCHjoBi Mys^BBa orb zeaDiBBH^ b sp. 

Ci TasBHi-se BJiB BecbHa cxoabehi caocotfoH'b BHpaseHur 

epaBBBTOJibBoB CTeneHH BCTptqaencB vb BftBOTopEixi BSSEax'b 

xatapCBoB oipacJiB. Tasi Banp. b% TypeitsoHi flSHKt cpasBB- 

Te.ibBaa CTeoeab BHpasaeTeH Toqao rasHHi offpasoMb, Kasi B'b 

HBjafleBOH'b: spoHt flpBcraBKB daha (tfojibme) cpaBBHTejibHyK) 

CTOfleBb HOSHO BupasBTb BocpeACTBOM'b BeflautBeHBaro BpBjrara*- 

vejibflaro, apa qeni BpeAnei^b cpaBBBBaeHsB cTaBBTca bi npOA- 

jioj[flOHT> OBAes'b. <xOfl% Jiyqme Te6B» BBpazaeTca eJiiAOBareJibflO 

repeal <^(^ senden eji dym (spoHt daha eji), (SyssaabBo: <xohi^ 

0Ti-Te6ii (xetfa-OT'b) xopom'b ecTb)»; «cth 6otmo HeBfl»: sen 

bendcn eengin sin^ 6yBB. «tu Heaii-on tiorais ecB»y h Bpo^. 

B'b eBpoBcBOMi iisHsft flpBJiaraTe.ibBHfl ajb Bupaseaia epaBRH- 

TejbBoB cTeneBB ae noAJiesaT'b BBi&aBflH'b HarbBeBiaHi; ne ptA- 

KO cpaBHHiejibBaB CTeseBb bh ^^hi bo OTJinqaeTca on bojio- 

ftflTe^bflofi B OB SBaMOHie aojxho ycvoTptrb Bab cMHCJia h cbji8B 

Bcero npeAJoaReuU, Tasi aanp. hAh tdh ldn4 sub mizrajmdh 

(Num. 14,3) «Be Jiyqaie-JB sani BepnytbCB bi ErflooTix)? 

(tab <icxopoffliB)» — HoseTi SA'bcb BHixb auaqeBie oaboB TOJibBO 

cpaBiBTejUBoB cieaoBB); acM jefet ha-gdM = «cTapoiifi 6pan 

28 



854 OBPiSOBABIS OPiBH. OTBBBHH. § 128. 

E$6Ta», ((jRB. «<$paTi E^eTs, Tm-6ojiBBioK». MaialcKOMj deri, 
deripada (on), h Tjpei^s. -den -dan (saBi osoBqaeiD npeA* 
jiozBaro naAeza) bi eBpeBcBOBi flSHKt eooTBlTCTByen npexiorb 
min (on), jnoTpetfjiAeviiB jlm 6ojAe TO^Baro otfoaBavesifl epa-* 
BBHTeiBBofl creneflH: gdd6l M* mimevii («oflii (Soji&uie ]ieHa»), 
((jBB. «(Sojiuno8 OBI on lesax) (cpaBBBTennoe OTHomeHie bb- 
paxaeTCii npexJoron min). 

n npH BHpasefiiH npesocxoxBoB CTenefls ^opia eaaaro spi- 
rarareiBBaro bi OBpeBcs. asHsii bhckoj&eo bo Rsii'kBfleTCi: npa- 
CTaBJieBBHi Ki floiy OBpeA^JiOHBiiB Huwh HJiH OBpexftJianiiiee 
cyn^ecTBiTejiBBoe am OBBaqoBia btoB CTenesH c^BTaDTCJi eoaep* 
meBHO AOCiaToqenHB: hnd- ha- Jcdtdn = ^evo M»AniiB eEiHib)», 
({jBB. «caHi ero Ton-iiojiOAofi» (TOTi-iiajiHB); oopeAtjroHBHB 
voBi ha BHAiiaen npoAiieTi onpoA'bJi'eHBB hbi Bcix<!B ocTaiB- 
HHU^ BHpasaji HieBHO 8THII oTBomeBie OTAtieBHOCTH, Bopaa- 
jjqflo CBBsaHBoB cb BpoBOcxoAfloB CTeDouBi^ o&eld iBfA;an bH6= 
(xcTapfliiB cj^ra ero Aoia» = «cjiyra ero CTapsB AOia ero». 

BxopoB cnoco($i BBpaseaia npeaoexoABoB CTeneBH, nocpeA* 
CTBOM AonoiBflDDiaro lu oflpeAtxBTejiBBaTO cyqecTBHTeJiBiiaro, 
BanovBflaeT'B yxe o6o8flaveHia ($oji'&e hjh leaie CHMBoiH^ecsoey 
Hanp. hkora daUm=^<iitnui (StAHHfl», tfyKBaiBHo «nepBO- 
posAOflflHB CtABBX'BA; mibchar 'amtlfca^ii = «tboh npeapaeflHi 
(npejiecTBHfl) aojibbb^, (SysB. «BB($opi tbobxi aojkhbx^, h up. 

B% KaBBaacKBXi asHsaxi yciaTpHBaeTcn BecBia cxoahbB c^ 
BBBie-npflBeAeflBBHB cnocotfi o(Spa30BaHia epaBBHieiBHoB CTeneHH: 
Taai Banp. bi BmvA ^e^encsoMi AJia o($pa80BaBia aroB cTeneHH 
npHJiaraTOJiBHoe bo HSMftBfleTCJii h cpaBBHaaeiBB npoAHen no- 
CTaBJiaeTCii bi oco6eflflOHi^ saAext (tesi Baa. ^ycmynumeAwojia^f 
coQffATcn^mfirb no CBoeHy OTnpaBJieBiD lypeiiBoiiy npeAiosao- 
ly): ndna dil diUn ju cxbtb lyqme OTiia», ($yBB. ocvaiB on 
OTi^a xopoma ecTBi>; Idm tcinal lekin &u = «ropa bbbio AO>a», 
(SysB. — «ropa on-AOxa (bi cpaBBeaiH ci aohohi) bbcom ecTB». 



0BPA80BAHIS CPiBH. GTEnEHH. § 128. 355 

Il0A0<$H0 H Bl asapCKOH'b JIBHRi, FAt HM BBpaseHUT CpaBHH- 

TejibHol CTeoeHH ynoTpetfjmeTCii naxesi, OKaHqEBaDn^iBcH ea 

^asa ('adasa)y Haiesafl na OTHomeBie jAajiema: vhc-as-dasa 

jac ^0$ j\go — <xceCTpa ijqme (Sparax^, tfysB. — ayAaiMCb on 

tfpara cecTpa xopoma ecn)»; Ha^o6opoTi: jho-a-dasa vhc-ai 

x\oal rft^o = <!(((paTM jyqme eecTepx», ($yKB. — ccjAajiflflCB on 

cecTepi 6paTM xopoonfl cjTbi> (HSHtHeHie npHJiaraTeuHaro h 

CKasyeiaro vh BoneqEoB -i oaqajiBHoI coritaGHoB otfycJioBiHBaoTCJi 

pasjeqieHi poAa h qHcn, soTopoe bbochtcii h bi rjarojiii, eaqs- 

BaDii(iecii 61 TaKi-nas. noABBSHHn eoriacHHXi). Ti-xe caiEie 

npraipH Wb JiaKCBOMi z^wsA: 89u kinssa buri ussujjar (eeeTpa 

jyqme 6paTa)»=<Ke6CTpa xopoma 6eTL0Tii-((paTa»fi^55i«-y-yarnp6A- 

CTaBJiflen yeTynHTOJibHHB oaAexi on ussu «6pan»); Ea-otfo- 

pon: usaurbdl ssuJdundqjar kinssa buri — «c($paTBH on-eeciepx 

zopomH eyn» («tfpaTui Jiyqme ceciepiA — ssuHund^jar ecTB 

ycTynirejBaHB naAOZi ihos. ucjia on ssu «cecTpa»). Taai 

K Vb MZwA XDpsyjiflHesox'B: rudzi dfina sari udsfijsir = ccee- 

CTpa xopoma octb on-($paTa» — ho: udsfvi dJiti savi rudzvi]siv=^ 

«($paTBii xopoma eyiB on cocTopi^ h np. Ei 8T0My mosho en^e 

npicoBosynHTB, qio bib rpysHHOKOH'B flsauft yABoeiHoe npuara- 

TOiBHoe Bi nojiozHTOJiBHoB CTODeHH Hiton BHaqeHie opeBOcxoA- 

HoB: didi ^ (($oxBmoB) — did'-didi (npeBeJEsiB); magali ' (bb- 

cosiB), magat -magali (npeBHCosifi), h np. Gp« Vy6uHoe^f rpy- 

8HHCB. rpaHMaT., CTp. 11. 

Gnoco($'b otfpasoBaHifl npoBocxoAHoS cieneHE nocpeACTBon yABO- 
eHU opocToB $opMH npuaraTejiBBHX'b BCTpiqaeTca Bopoqen Bi 
BecBHa HHorHX'L )!8Hsaxx, cp. Banp.' nsi Typ. ESHsa: kap-kara 
(«eoBepmeHHO qepnaSx)); kup-k&ru (cobcAmi cyxoB); jem-jesU 
{coBcin 86J!6HiiiB); dum-duz (vcoBOpmeBHo pobqhB»; xota ra- 



1 HanoHBiiaeTb juttobck. dldls, dldelis i^aiuiioA*. 

^ GooocTaBUieTCji ch rpev. fieyx-'Xi rorcK. mikils « 6ojatnoii, aejuncii » «— ho 
cxo^TBO tOiibKO cjj^aflfloe. 

23* 



856 0BPA30BAHIB CPABH. B BPBB. OTBH. § 128. 

Bifl H MBOXeCTBO DOAO($HHXl HIl $OpMl fl6 BpeACTaBJIiiH)T'B qHCTBrO 

yABoefliJTy se'b^xe npneTaBjeHOHJi k^b npanraTejiBHEiyi cb na^aja 

OAH0CJiaSH£IH CJIOBa AOJISHO C^HTBTB 8JI6XeHTaHH yABOfllOOlBMB ). 

npHMiipH H31 a<|)pBBaH€Karo B3SKa JIJHBBa: ahU'httt (oqeaB 
ooJBEiKi CBJBBO CTicBeBflH&); lang-lang (o^ieHB spacBBHB, tfjia- 
CTBiejiBflHlf); Mitterrutzner^Dmia-s^T. 19. 

Bi A&KOTCBOxi BSHict (wb AvepBst) YABOBBie npBJtararejb- 
Bsi*b A^fl BBpaxeaifl npoBOcxoABoR CTtfneHH orpaHii<iHBaeTC< oa- 

BBBl TOJIBEO CJOlOM'B, OpH qOMX BeCbXa SaMiqaTOJEBBO, QTO yABO- 

BevQl cjiorB ({uBaeT'B to BaqajsaHS, to cpeABiB, to KOBeqBEil: 
sapa (qepBHi) — sap-sapa (coBepmeBBo qepHHtf, saBOBTiJiEii); 
valaha (cbjibbbI), vasaJc-saka (secBMa cbabhH); vaste (xopomiB), 
vaste-ke (caitEiB jiyqmiS), Gabdenta^ Gramm. d. Dakota-spr. 17. 
OtphbdhB cnocotfi BHpaseflia cpaBBHrejiBHoS cTeneflH saaiiqaeT* 
cfl Bi BSHBi JI^BRsa, FA'b BOcpeACTBoai eooABfleBifl nojosBTejib- 
floB B BpeBocxoABoB cTeiieneB BHpaxaeTCfl cpaBBBTOJiBflafl: han 
apuat,Jco hene aptiat artd «8to Jiyqaie Toro», ({ysB. — «8to xo- 
pomO) a TO xopomo oqoflBx> (W,tterrutzner^ 19). boaoCbob'b 
CBOCotfi BEipaseflifl ToB-se CTOuesB cpaBneBU bi asHtci Kb- 
pspH (bx dsboB AHepBBt) ynoMBBaoTi FaCejiefliiiy (Gramm. d. 
Eiriri-spr. 32), sasiqaB, qTO oabbi bsi cfloeo((oBi BHpaxeHia 

CpaBBflTOJEBfloB CTenOBB COCTOBTl Wh TOHly qrO <CO(il OABOB Be- 

jofi roBopBT'b xopoBieei a o ApyroB BexopoBiee»; tbrbxi o($pa- 
80X1 adTO Jiyqme Toro» BBpazaeTcn: «^er^ diJcanghiri^ urh ibure»^ 
CyicBajibBo: «8T9 xopomo, to B6xopomo». 

B^ nepyaHCEOnx BSUKt cpaBB'rirejiBHaa cTeneoB BiipasaeTca 
BecBMa pasHOoCpasBO, spoxft BpBCTaBKH caoBa asuan («($ujite» 
asuan sumak a^ojiie BpncBBiiB))) a^^^ BapasoHiir sroB creneux 
cjiysBTi opeAiiori manta (oti), npx qexi npBjaraTOJBBoe ae 
BpeTepBtoaeTi bbbbkbx'b BsxiHeuiB: nokamanta amauta ayuuie 
X6BB», 6yBB. c(B-OTX yxofliA {noka=^H). OcjtieEBHB cmco&b 
oCipasoBaBifl cpaBBBTe ilboB cTefleflx bpobcxoahti nocpeACTBOiii 



0BPA30BAHII GFIBH. H UPSB. OTEOf. § 128. 357 

cjoBa nequen (ftTOTi-caiEiB*): jacak'ni-nequej «bto Sflaen 
tfoiBme leHfl* (jaca-ni ^zu\hKJacak npa^acTie sacT. BpeMeHH 
«3Bai)iaiM]>; j bi nequejj Bupasaen npiTflzareJisfloe MicTOHHe* 
Bie nepBaro nivi, TaKi-«o dysBajibHHl nepoRO^'B cctb aiHa»- 
B^ilf caMi-MoBi); otfopoTi, sasi bbaho, xobojuo 6Joshh8). Sa* 
itqaTeibHO, «ito. Vb corjiaciH cb ntKOTopiiMir flsasaiiH HHAO-eBpo- 
oelcBaro njieMenv, sanp. cjiaBHHCBHH'B, rpevecKiiii, cpaBHHBaeiiaB 
BpeAverB HHorxa Moxen CTonn h vb poabt. DtA^st, c% f^wb 
ToiBBO on jBoiiiHyTan bbhicobi pasjiHuem, qro npBxaraTOJB- 

BOe CTOBTl B*B BOJIOXHTeJIBHOl CTeoeHfly B Be Bl CpaBBHT6JIBB0l: 

noJcap sumak (spacHBie aeBB), ((ysB. aveBu KpacBBuS^ (Mark^ 
hamj GontribntioDS... grammar of Qnichnay 28). 

IIpeBoezoAflaji CTeneHB, vb reii-se BSHsi, o^pasyercB, vesRAy 

FpO^Bl'B, BeCBHB OpBTHBaJIbHHH'B . nyTeH'b, DOCpOACTBOMl CJIOBl 

ceka, wm sulltd (npaBAHBsfl) ; nxh Hanp. <icaMuit CAadKiUT^ 
BHpasaeTCH nepeai ceka-manta mkm, ($yBBajiBno anpaBAHBuS- 
ors - cjaAKiB »; tcaiuB i6BHHBHit» ^eyoBi: stdltd-fMnta anta* 
quirusankkcjjok^ ((jkb. <x npaBABBBB-OTvpetfeBOKi-cvcepAAOMi » 
(sullul «npaBABBHfl)»; manta^on; aBeBBBHuBft BapaxaeTca ^e- 
peal^ cuiDBliB cep^ite petfesKa^: antajquiru <xpe56HOKi, y ko- 
Toparo BytfH on^e bo HpopisaBUD b sonkko = cepAite); stdM- 
manta cokta ((tavuB 6e30($pa3flHB), dysB. «HpaBAHBiiB-orb <(«3- 
o($paBBiiB»y B op. 
^BCJio npflBBAiesaniBX'B cdab npBX'bpoBi h oco($eflBOCTeB ho* 

SBO EOflenO yMHOSBTB BOCBBa Saa^BTeJIbHO, H0> AOBOXbCTByflCB 
npBBeAOBHHBH BA^CB OpflMtpaBB, fl OCHOBEIBaHCB Ha BflXl, DpflXO- 

ABK Bi Toiy BUBOAy, ^To B8EIKI AOJiseBi iun BepexoAHTB re- 
peal pasBHe nepeBopoTO, Bp6XA<) ^"bii Hori octbhobhtbca aa tin 
enoco^aii BspasfHiji tpaBBBTeibBofl a qpobocjcoahoB cTeoeBB, bo- 
Topue OBaauBaDTCfl n aaHsax'b aamero nieMOBB. Htti Hisa- 
Boro coHHtBis, ^TO MTpiqaeBHe bi eoBpeBeBHtixi h vb ap^b* 
BHxi flSHKaxi ef^(I»BBc&y Biifasav)^ie ara eTeaeHa, nepaodHT- 



858 0BPA30BAHII OPABH. OTinSHH. § 129. 

HO npoACTaBJifljH cjioBa caMocTOflTejiuiHi, HgcTOflmie sopenHHe 
KOMnjieKca, g% tfomniMH bjih iieHBmHM isHiHeHiiiiiH; bo ho le- 

Hie BipHO H TOy 9T0 npOHSBOACTBO TaKHXl Cy^^HKCOB'^i BOIOB^BV 

AocTynnnxi coBpeMeHBoB Haj&l^ npieiOBi, ho Mozen osasaiii- 

CB OCHOBaTeJBHBlll. 

§ 129. Bi HHAO-eBponeBcBHX!b BSBBaxi xu cpaBBHtejiLHoB 
CTeneHB ynoTpeC^JiBiDTCii ABa cavocTOiiTejibHHX'B h HeBaBHCBMHXi 
Apyn orb Apyra OROHqaHiB: -jans^ h -tara^ nps newb aojizho 

Bai'bTHTBi ^TO ynOTpotfjieBie OAHOFO HSI HHXI BI HSBiCTHOH'B npH- 

jaraTex&Hon icsJiMaerB Apyroe. (HcuDqeniB Tovy npaBBiy ne- 
MHoro, cp. Hanp. csp. mahtjdns ccHoryniecTBeHB'bex) h mdhattara)^ 
OtfxHseHie -jans^ npoHcmeAniaro B'bpoflTHO esi -jant, n ^mant e 
-^ant JCHmeHO BCflsaro oceoBaHifl; comhbt6ibho ecTB h npeACTaBiOH- 
Hoe BonnoH'B (Sanskr. Graoim. 147, § 223, npra.) o($MeHe- 
Hie BToporo, no BOTopoHy -tara npoBCXOAHTB BtpoHTHO or& sopH» 
tar (nepexoAHTB), CKOJB-tfn Tasoe dpohbboactbo BiponHHH'B bh 
BasaxocB. nXje^xepi (Gompend. § 283, crp. 485) bhahti b'b 
-tara abb ota^xbhsxi axeneHTa, -to, h ra^ hb^b BOTopoxi bbx- 
AhB ota^xbho npHCTaBxaeTCB si pasHQHi tombhi; bo ecxH h npH- 
hbtb sa nepByx) caiiocTOfl^rexBHyD qacTB aroro ey^^^HBca ^ta (bo- 
Topoe wb TasoH^ cxyqat xorxo tfs utTB Cobb eoifltHia ot- 
Homenie toxbbo ycasaTOJiBHoe)! to HexBsa o6^atx^nh ce6i yAO* 
BXOTBopHTexBHO OTHpaBiOHie H BHaqeHio cxora -ra (npHBeAesHHO 
mxeBxepoHi npHi'bpH ava-ra <xHHSHiB», on ava^ apa-ra ^z^jr 

Bifl, n08AHiB)», OTl apa^ CJIHrnSOMl HSOJHpOBaBHS, bo OtfUCHilB 

HacToaniaro nepBonaqajiBHaro oinpaajieHiH btofo eiora; no bcbS 

BtpOHTHOCTH 'TQ Vh yHOXHHyTHXl CXOBBXl OBaBQBaeTCH Cy^^^HB- 

coHi Bi noxHoB aeaxoriH ci HHoroqacxeHBHX'B paspHAOi'B npHxara- 
TexBHHXtB, BBB^B-To: trp-Ta aeHTfiB)», sthi-ra «BptnBiB», dura 
«AajeKiB» h np.,rAt o cpaBBHTexBHOMi OTHomeHiH cxtAa ne bhaho). 
OBOHqaflie -jans ynoTpedxaoTca qaHte, vtx'B -twa^ h ocbobh* 
BaacB aa otfniieHi ero ynoTpetfxeniH bi rxaBBHxi npeACiaBHTe- 



0BFA80BAHIB CPiBH. GTBB. Bl OIHGRP. § 130. 859 

ittVh Hamero JueHOHir, hosomi yeMaTpiBaTB bi mn cibxId, 
npBcymyi) nepBOt^HTHOiy nameHy ASQsy. 

§ 130. Bi eaflCBpHTi dwn cy^^^Hsei npHHHHaen 4^op»y 
-jdnSf BiH ci npHCTaBji6HH0D CI Baiiajia rJiacHoB t-jdhs; soHe^- 
Bail riacHafl npHJiaraTejBHHX'b (b'b boioshtojibhoB CTeneHi) ot- 
({pacBBaeTM, h riacflai nepBaro cjiora noxBepraexcA EepBOCTe- 
neBBOiy noA'Beiy. OKOH^aflie -jdna npHBHianrB: tfonmBHCTBO 
npHiaraTejiBEHxi aa u (OT^pacHBaa aiy rjiacByn nepeAi -tjdns)^ 
BticoTopHfl eioBa sa *a (oco($eHHO sa -ra, soTopoe Tose bq- 
nsAaers), h ciOBa, OKaB^BBaDmiBCii cy^^^HKcaHB : -mantf -vant: 
lagh-t-jdnSj on lagJm (jrersiS); svad-t-jdhsj oil svdd-u 
(cjaxsifi); dQ-t'jdnSf on dgu (tfjaerpaB, cjsopHB), rpe^ecs. 
mw; gar-t'jdnSf orb gur-u (<)cTiizejiEiBx>; BacTOBD^iB Kopeflb 
gar spoiiBJiBeTCA n cpaBflflTOJibHoB CTeneflH, Tor^a sasi ohi 
ouatf jiefli Bi gur- Vb BOJroxBTejiBfloB); drdgh-t-jdns , on dtrghd 
(AOiriB, x'bhhhBX HBiftHeBBaro hsi *dargha; ^p-t-jdns, on 
tisip-ra (cKopHB), sop. Jcsip ((^poeaTb); trap-t-jdns, on trp- 
ra (chthB), sop. torjp; sthe-jdns, orbsthi-^a (spinKiB), sop. 
sthd (cT0«TB)'8A'bcb oBasBBaoTCii npocToe jdns; dav-t-jdns, 
ondHra (AajesiB), Bop. dtt («nocnjiaTb»; dav 'dau=d6 ecTb 
nepBflqHoe ycHjienie npocToro 'du); m^dh-i-jdhSf on medhd-vin 
(paayiBHB); bcd't'^dns, on bcdavant (cBjibfluB; nocjrbABi'ABa 
eiOBa BTopocTeEeflHHB, 6yAy?B odpasoBaBH on cyn^ecTBATOJib- 
flaxK mSdhd cpaByin, uyipocTbi^, b bdla «CHjiai»); jav-t-jdns 
( MOJiose ) otfpaaoBaflo h31 juvan , BCJiftACTBie Bsnyesa ciora -van, 
b nepBOCTenoBBaro noAibeia sopeHHoB rjacaoB (jd-t'—jau-t^ 
jav-i"). '4'jdfi3 B'b cpaBHOfliB ci -jdns osasfiBaeTCB ^opMoB 
HOBtBmeB (bi AP^BBe-tfasTp. Bsusi ynoTpetfjBeTCB tojibko no- 
ciftAHoe OBOH^Bie). IIpBBftpa ^opvi aa -jdhs: gri^dns (ly^- 
me, cqacTiBBte), BipoATBOon ApcBfluro ^rt-ra, bmActo boto- 
paro vb CBBCspBTt BCTptqaeTCfl gri'la (cp. AP*-($ftBTp. gti-ra); 
pr6'jdns, on pri-ja (hbjhB, AoporoB); ^d-jdhs (ciapuie), sop. 



860 0BPA30BAHI1I GPiBH. OTEU. §§ 131 — 132. 

^d (nojfosHTejiBHol CTeneoH ua aioro npHJiararejibHaro ho osa* 
BHBaoTCA); bM'jdns ((jOJibme) npoHcxoART'B csopte oti Z^M-ri 
(MBoriif), qimi on hahu (Boppj Skrt. Gramin. 163, npoM. L; 
BeB(|)eH— Vollst. Skrt. Gramm. 228, LXII otfiacRaeTi hkujdns 
HBi ^bahtl-jans, ynoMHHafl o BeAaaq. bhav-i-jdns; cp. h upirBeAeB- 
HiJi[ BHi» BeAHHqecB. j^opsH: tav-jas, rabh-jas, sahjas h np.)« 
§ 131. Bi Ap6BHe*^6aKTpiScsoxi ^iSHsi -Jons (j^opiiH, coot- 
B'bTCTByR)flieH caHcsp. -t-jdhs, ^f/kchB1^Tb) ABJiaeTCfl b% ^^opii^ 
-jdo (b31 -JOS, sa BHoycKOMi BocoBoro BBysa): gtao-jdo ((Joib- 
me) OTii gtui ((iojibmofl), bbhht. (tt^m, TBop. mhos. gtao-jS-Ma 
Cttp. sfMra (cpaBHHT. cteir. sthav-t-jdns); Qra-jdo (apacflBte, 
o^eHb apacBBuH), oTi fri-ra (=Qri «spacBBi]ff, xopomiBx>); 08* 
j(io (HMteTi ABa BBa^eaiB: aqamo)), h ajyaie)^; bi nepBoui cjry- 
qat OBo nponcxoAHT'b on aSa «qi!CTuB)», bo BTopoxi-se orb 
aX;a <(njioxol»); frd-jdo (6oj[bm8, oqeubMHoro)— DpHUEisaeTiK's 
jpotir-t* (nojiflHB), Kop. par; vanh-do (jryqrae), oti vaidm 
(«xopon]iHx>; BCTpftqaeTca a ^opva vaq-jdo); tas-jdo (cRibflie), 
spBHaA.iesHTi Ki toA;ii-ma (<xcsopuil9 CHJibHaH)>)y Kop. tak (6t- 
SRan); Jchraozd-jdo ^ orb A:%rao^(2-anf (TBepAHB, c^jtsheiB), Dps* 
qacT. flacT. BpeM. oti Ichraozdd (itjaTb tb^pahmi), h up. 

§ 132. Bi rpeqecKOHi iiSHai nepBO^HTHoe -jans bi tiiieHH- 
TejBbfloiii MysecKaro poAa npHnBiaerb <t)opvj -/tvv (bsi 'ioaf's\ 
TorAa Eaai tbhoB osasuaaeTCJi -iov (hsi ian-, cj^a. mnniiiiiafl 
corjiacsaa Buoajiay h j no spaRHiiy uepexoAHTii h% h cJiBBaacb 
OAHaRO HHOPAa ci npeAmecTRyn^eH) r^acHoB bi rpynay ca- ufl 
hi ^). Bib cnoco($'b otfpaBOBania otoB 4)opMQ cpaBUHTejibBoB cto- 
HOBH ycMBTpHBaeTca nopaauTejibHafl aBajoria ci caBcspBTCKHHi: 
fiS-im^ orb ^Ju- (<KCJaABifl)»; KopeHBaa nacHaa ycbaaeTeii^ pan- 
Bo RaR^ Bi caBCRpHTi: avad-tjdnsy on svddu); ^Sjct'ov (nsi 
*w%-iw-, Rop. rccK'i ra%'is «CBopidB», cp. Ap.-(5aBTp. toWi- 
ma); K^slca-c^v ^ aTTH^ecR. K^slrrm («.iyqffle», co($ctb. «CHJib- 
Hte»), 131 *Kf(»r-i<»y=*krat-jan8, Rop. rc^ctr^ cp. npBJiaran 



OBPiBOBiHIl OPABH. OTSn. §§ 182 — 183. 861 

Kfecr-s^offy cjmecTBirT. K^dr-off (cwjia, vorymecTBo); caHCRpHT- 
CKRMi j^opxaii kUp-tjdns , trap-tjdns ii np., npoflcmeAmHH's, sa 
BRnyeKOxi soueqiaro cjora, oti hsip-ra (fiHCTpul, cKopHH), 
trp-ra (ceithS) h np., cooTfitTCTBfDrii rpeqeca. ccia-X'ioVj €%^- 
tovj xvi'iovj OipasoHaHHHfl on npmiaraTejibH&ixi €ci<rx^^c-ff (et- 
BpaTHTejibBsB ), l%i&-^oV (BpaxAotffluH), xu<f-^o-^ (<rcjiaBii98y Bua- 
neRHTsBx), cp. xv^-off <xcjiaBa, qecTbi>); T^-oov (ocjiyqine^; o($pa- 
ayeri, paano Bas!B k^wcoov^ cpaBHai, creoeHb npHJiarar. iyocBos 
«xoponiiB»), H8i ^hjoD-iw^ Kop. Tsm*^ cp. Xo^-a9 (xoqy, sejian); 
Tifrtr-cov (xyjraifl, (5o.Tbe HeroARuB), lai *^K'}oi>Y^ aop. ilx-, cp. 
nxcK (eaptq. «cjia($0y> thxo, BesaibTBOA), npoBoex. creii. n^- 
IOTO-; ihy-tovj on dxy-e^'vo- ((^oitdBOHfljifl, cBop6HEiB), cp. 
aKy-os (6oj[%9nb, ((ojii, cBop6i») — j^M cpaBHHT. CTeoeHH aroro 
iipiiJiaraTejibflaro cyqecTByeTx eme Apyraa j^opiia sa -rs^ox ccXynvo" 
•Tffc-; i?\jxc(r-ooy (xyze, Kopoqe)^ Tela SX«<r<r©v-, hbi *?Xoc/-;;avf, 
eni lAo(%-uV (KpaiaiB, BflqTosHHB); /uW^-t»v (tfoibme), Bicpe^H. 
poAl( fj^el^'OVj o6paBOBaiocb BCJiiACTBie nepecTaflOBBH SBysa -^^ 
181 fjcocy-jxy-ffy cp. caacsp. maht-jdns; TtKel-w (toae sa bh- 
BycROHi i: 7f)J'Cov) npHHHsaeTi ai ^oA-u- (vBoriB), BepaoBaq. 
Kop. par; xel^-oDv (xyxe), B8i *%ff:;»v, cp. CTHXOTBop. %ff- 
Wflov, OTi KopB. %^f (BCTptqaeiaio Hanp. vh %5f-iff «noAiaBea- 
BuB», x^^-qo^ B8i *%pf-o"oi' «nyCToB, BeIIJIOAOBOcaI^iB»); ^iKr-iov 
(jiyiiBie) o6pa30BaHo on sop. jS^Ar- (ci fleaaa'bcTflHBi SHaqeHiem); 
oiq-si-oy (jiyqnie, 6oji*e foabhB), r3% ^^x^-javj caaCBp. var-tjdnSj 
on t;ara ocxopomiB, otjib^rhB^), aop. var (Bu($HpaTfc), a np. 
§ 183. Bi jaTBBCuoui asust osoHqaflie cpaBBirejibflofl cto- 
SOBH AJifl ayzecKaro h aieHcaaro poAft ecTb -tory ajih epeABS- 
ro "tus (otfi ^'opau BoanoARTCH aa -ias^as, h sa BHaycsom 
BOcoHoro aayaa -jans); flcpoAi arflVB OROBqaHiofli BsraaAaen 
nocz^xwM rxiCtiaa npajiaraTejibHuxi (paBBO sasi B*b caucapH- 
t4): dur-tor (tBtpxe), tana duro- (TaepAaB); divit-ior (tfa- 
raqe), BM6B. oabbctb. doiox. cren. dives; simU-ior, on ^mUis 



362 OBPiSOBiHIS OPiBH. OTSB. §g 188—134. 

((cnoxosiH^); grav-ior (Tnerte)yeaHCsp. gar4jdh8^mi^7L.twL 
gravi' e%% *gani-i-; lev-ior (jierqe), wn *lagha-ior, esp. npi- 
Jiar. lagh-u; dc-ior (cKopte), on sopH. 6c ^ ep« aapii. ic- 
iter (tfiiCTpOy csopo), cp. caflcsp. dg-ijdhs', on dg-u, rpeq, 
o^-u-; fdic'ior' (cqacTiHBie)^ on feUc-, hmoh. fdix (=felics); 
fort^or, on fortis (xpafipHH), sop. far^esp. hhar; ma- 
jar (6oihmOf 66jLhmit)f hsi ^mag-jor, ep. sap. magis (Coiir 
mo\ H mag-nus (BejmsiR, tfojbmoB); min-or (leflie, leH^mil) 
o6pa30Baflo hsi *min-ioT=*min-jas, cp. caHcsp. nop. mi (6po- 
caTB, }BHqT0saTb)| nacT. Bp. mi-n-dmi; rpev. fiei-w^ m cpexH. 
poAt fxeJ'OV (BoBB'b otflflCHfleTl. fjiel'm Wh ^/jlik-jo^j Kop. fitK- 
cMajtHB^— cp. fjitK'^o-ff); fiiis (6oiune)»>*ploTi8B*plo-jn8y H3:b 
*pra-ja8, cp. rpo^. ^AeT-ov, ApeBHe-(JaBTp. frd-jdo; pt-jor (xy- 
se), BftpoflTHO Bsi *pec-jor, cp. pec-care (omBtfaTicfl, rpi- 
Tsmh\ pecca-tum (rptxi); md-ior («jiyqme)»; otfpasyerb cpaBBHT. 
CTCfleflB A^B npBJiaraT. uibonusr^)^ sop. md=^mal^ cp.rpe^ecs. 
fjiSX'Koy (tfojitOi BpeflHyaiecTBeHflo), B8!b ixooK-jov^ on fuvXos 
(oqe&by BOCBHa, CHJiBHo). CiosHHB npiiaraTeiBBHii ci bohov- 
BHiH 'ficO'y 'dico' 'volo" otfpasjDn cpaBBBTeiBflyD (i npeaoc- 
xoAHyn) cienoBB on cooTBtTCTBeHBHX'B ^^opHi flpBqacTiB Ba- 
CTOBqaro BpeieBH (ea -ant=^'ent): bene-volo' ((^JiaropacflOJio- 
zeflHHH), cpaBB.CT. ^benevd'CntAarr^ ; male-fico- (sjOAUcdB, 
npecTyDHuB) — male^ficent-ior ; male-dico- ( pyraTejBBnB, (Spafl-* 
BuB), mde'dic'ent-ior, e np. 

§ 184. Bi roTCBon bshbA ^opiiH cpaBBBTeiBBoB eTOBOBi 
OBaBqHBaiDTCir Ba 8, KOTopoMy BpeAmecTByen i, bih 6, cji^aob. 
-48, '6$; ecJiH sa dnvb OBOflqaBieii ciftAJon rJiacBai, to s 
BepexoAHn b% z; $opHfi CBjiOHOfliB oiSaapysaBaDn TOiy -izan. 
IlepOA'B oBOBvaBieii -is, ^8 oflycsaeTCH soBOVHaa rucBaB; apH- 
h^Ph: hard-iz(m^ (TBopze), on hardu-; manag-^zan (on 
m,anaga «MBoriB| BiEOTopHBi>, iiea. manags), a&t. bba* khox. 
managizam'8, BxeH. uox. ays. manag-izan-s, uob. hbos. 



0BPA30BAHII OPiBH. OTSff. Bl FOTOS. AS. § 184« 368 

cpex. manag-ieon^a^ pox* xeHcs. e^HHCTB. mana^*ixrein-09 ■ ' 
np.; hcMh4zan (BHme), Hap. hmUs (altius), on hauha (bh- 
cosil); fav-izan (leHBine), leia bojiox. ctod. fava- (paucns), 
Hiee. fatts; cAthrizan (CTapme)— a2t&ia*» HieH. althm; rath- 
izan (lerqe) on rath-a- (jfersil), cp. rpeq. ^ob^i-o^; airnzan 
(eotfcTB. anpesHiB, ApeBHtlmiM^^yDOTpetfjifleTeji bo bhos. ^bcji. 
vb eiBCJii «DpexBi» — cp. pox. air-izan-ej in. air-izam)^ on 
aira-f Bapftq. air (pano, npezxe), 4;p. aerji. early (paHo); 
ihaurft-izanj on thaurfl-a-^ HMeH. thaurfts (nojesBHB, Hys- 
hhI), rjiar. thmrh-an (nysxaTBeii, n/kn HaxotfHOCTB), aiieitB. 
be-durf-en; ma-izan (((ojiBoie) otSpasoaaHO hsi *mag-izaii, bh- 
ojcBOHi KopoHHaro g (passo Easii mt. ma-jor nn Wg-jor), 
teia noi. ctoit. mik^U'ay hhoh. iniJdl8y cp. rpeq. fxeyd-Ko^i 
fninn-izan" (iieHBme), xar. ex* fninn'4zinf HxeH. sohcb. pox. 
ex. minnizeij ibt. min-or*; noiosHTOJibHafl CTonoHb x^fl btofo 
opuaraTeiBHaro ocHOBiiBaeTCJi na xpyron Bopni: leU-U'a'f bmoe. 
leUUa (asrjr. lUUe); bat-izan (jj^nie), hhoh. mhos, hatizans 
( npHHaxiojKin Ri npuarar. gdd-a- axopomil, xotfpHK^, imoh. 
gods), sop. haty ib'e npexnojiaraeHaro rjiar. ^at-an, MBuerM 
vb hot-a (nojiBsa), h I6t-jan (6htb noJiesHHii), cp. caHCsp. 
hhad-ra (cqacTJHBBfl, otjih«ihhR), rjar. bhand-; vairs-izan {vj'^ 
se), siiHOJOx. CTon. u&tZ-s («nioxoii») — naptq. ubU-a-baf hAh. 
abdf anrji. evU. Haptqix cpuBHTeAHoB CTenoHH otfpaayDTCn 
npaauBHO nocpexcTBOii onymeHia jKoaevHaro *an: hauh-i$ (bh- 
me), 0T% hauhiz-an (z^ cooTBtxcTByDHiee nepBOHftiajiBHoiy s, 
OBATB npHHHiaen cbod npHpoxy); cAris (HsxaBHa, npesx^), 
on air-'izan'; maAs ( tfoil^e ), Jiar. magis^ on ma^izan ; mins 
(xeHfte), CTOHn biActo ^min-is (»=*minDis-)y on minn-izan; 
ojBfi doJifte cospameHO vaira (xyze, anrji. worse )^ cioiiniee bh. 
"^vairs-is-, lasi sasi npHHaxJiexHn si cpaan. ct. vairs-izan. 

OftOHViHie -6s (6zan) npoHBOouo tozo vn -^jans e cootbIt- 
CTByen mm. '^or (paaBiBoieiyci lai "-j-on-s); 6, cooTBlTCuyi)- 



864 0BPA30BiHIS GPABIT. GTSQEII. § 131. 

mee fiepBOHaqaJibHoiiiy A^JiroMy d^ Bonai (YargL Or^imm. § 30S> 
ejMqaen ch caecsp. d n -jdm^ TorAa-^asi IIIie8xep% (Oom- 
pend. 232, crp. 484) ero o6iflCHfleT'B hsi eToqe^iir ^Byxi spar- 
KHn a (sa BBnycROH!& ^ H3& ^a-j-ans; 0ByiU:eflie j smtvaeTci 
yse vh JOLT. fl8EiK!b, cp. min-ar, irsi *min-j-or). IIpnipB: 
frod'oean-j oti frdd-a- (RHeH. /rdeJa aynBuff, (ijaropasyMBuBx)), 
cp. BMH. HBom. frdd ' ijsan-s; handug - oBan^ otb handug-a- 
(BHeH. handugs <cMyApH8, cnoco6flH8»), HopACB. hondug-r, ^p.- 
<(ojir. ^SKAor^L, cp« pyccB. xydooic-Hmfb (KopeflHoe cjobo: ^ik2-M 
«pyBa»); sniu-mund-dzan" (fiepsajiocb bi $opvi naptqifl miu- 
fnund-os)^ aap. nojioac. ct6S6hh: ^iMme»m2<$ (Topon;iBBo); hias* 
6z(m (Becejiie), on Uas-a^ bm6h. Mas (BeeejiaS), BopACic, 
gladr, anrJi. glad; f ram-old -r-dzan^ on fram-ald-r-a (aoxf- 
jofl, npeiuiOHBHi'b Jiin), BHeH. fram-aldrs; ^i juh-tMn (xa- 
zose) OT((poinefli BopeHBoS bocoboK ' eayK^ cp. hojiok^ tr. jung$ 
(leMJunga-X ^^V* t^^^^f J**t. juven- (cpaBB. ctob. jun-ior^ co- 
Epamesie TexH coBBaiaen ci 4^opMoB jMBes. poAa vh can. itln-C 

CMOJOJlRfl», cp. H TBOpVT, OJlItBCTB. fUJUndTfi, «Cl HOJIOAHrB » ). 

IL roTCKOiy -tje^a {«n *isa)^ -oza C'^sa), cooTsiTCTBfDn 
n BopACBOHi BSHBi OROB^HiH -in, -HiH; B31 BBX'B TOJiiso -an 
OBfliHBaGTCB BeB3iitflHini'b, BpHyHBaa Bi DpfljaraiejiBBSvi onpe- 
AtJieBflaroCBToporo) pa^pjiAa, Tor^a bbb^ -in, yrpaqiBaii bbtojie- 
Byn rJiacflyio, bi coeABfleaiB c% npujiaraTCJibfltii'b npoasaoABTi ov- 
BBysi Bop«flfloB fjacBofi. npaxipu: frem-ri, Wh frama (cno* 
co6bbB), Bi^ee. framr (fotcb. fruma «iiep&H8K>) — frem-ri o$- 
paBOBano bbi ^ram-iri=^fram-jas-a; sUbt-H (($ojii^flie), hsi *stor- 
iri, orb s^^ (6ojifcmo8), KOT^poe b% cbod o^epeAB coRpanieHO 
flS'B *stor-r » ^stor-Bj ep. caacBp. B^ira (KptnBiS ); frSd^ari 
(ccyMB'bei) — roTCB« frod-oza), on fr^d-r; Uuf-ari (f^opoxe), 
OTi 2w/V {xHiu8, Aoporoli), Eop. luf=lubh; het-ri (jiy^8), 
npoBBOHiJio sin *bat4riy Basi bbabo H31 fotck. bat-izan^ Bop. 
(at, cp. BopACR. bat'i (^cnpaBiOHie), rjiar. bat-na (ncBj^BJiXTbcx). 



OBPiSOBlHil OPABH. GTSU. §§ 134 — 135. 365 

UpH o($pa30B8HiH 8THXI $oprb AOitsHo spov'b TOTO o6pamaTs 
BRHManie ea CTOJib easHCiB 3aK0^^ o(Si ynojio($JieBiH corjiacHsxi 

Bl BOpACKOS'B flSKSi, SOTOpfiS pacnpOCTpaiffleTCH 0CO($6HH0 Ha 

corjiacHHfl n h r; Tasi Hanp. otfiflCHflercH JuBr-ri (Bsme) an 
,H3% *hah-irr (BHHycBom i h ynojotfjeHieMi % cj[tayi)meiy r), 
cp. roTCB. Ji(mA-i^a-; we-iri C=weim^ coBnaxaeTi crt potck, 
maijsa (iht. major). IIpHMtpH o5paTHaro ynoAotf^ieHiff, bi sa-* 
Topovi KopeHHafl corjiacaaH AtBcTBjen na eorjiacByo osoiiqaaifl: 
t;c8n-m| H8% Vffin-ri, paBHO BaB^ ^opaa noJiox. cren. vau'n 
(anpeRpacnsfi^ npojiecTHuif))), npoBsooiJfa ira'b \(Bn-r — Kop. t;an, 
cp. AP*-(^£^BTp. t;a^^t^ (xopomiBy AO((pHH); min-ni (MORBiniB), hbi 
*inin-ri, uoTopoe bi cbod o^epeAB cospaii^eHo hs'b ^minn-ri, cp. 
roTCS. minn-im. Hapi^iH cpasHHTejiBHoR CTeneoH OKaHqHBaH)TCfl 
Ba -r (roTCB. s): meir ((JoiBuie), h3i *meg-ir=jraT. ma^-is (roxca. 
mats); minn-r (aieBte), totck. minSj mr. minm; fyrr (cKopte), 
onfyrri (iiepeAuiB, npeasHiB); bet-r (.lyqnio), oti bet-ri h np. 

GBauABBaBcsie asiiBii h b% coBpeH6HHkxi ^'opMan otSpasy- 
DTB cpauHHTejhHyK) CTeneuB bo^th rtm-^ie cnoco($o»^, cp. a^tcr.: 
stosr-re^ oti star (6o.iBmoB); mere (w6r=HopACK. mdr); bed- 
re (ji;<iDiiB)y HopACK. betri; (Bid -re (ciapBiiB), roTes; althiza 
(upeACTaB.iBeTi bi abtcb. bs. cpriBBHT. CTBueBB iM npHiar. 
gam4il <ccTapHB»); ung-re (c<iiiojiioae» — fotck. ^wA-iVa^, otb 
ung (jQOJOAoB); mind-re (veHbniifl), HopACs. minni^ fotcb. min- 
niza; flere ( tfojibme), on mange (vBoriB-ro), sop. fie = par^ 
cp. Jiai*^ plu-res h np. 

Taaii H Bi niBeACBOM'b bshk*: 5<or (tfonmoB), — stdr-re; tung- 
tyngre (T«»eJiHB-te); dld-re (cTapme), hsi *ald-ari (gammed 
= «CTapBB»); var-re («xyaKe» — ond «xyAoB, njiaxoB»), potcb. 
vairs4za-; bdtt-re («JiyqniiB»), bra (xopomiB); far-re («eHb- 
ine); me-ra^ nopACB. meiri h np. 

§ 135. B'b JKHTOBCBO]l^ asHKt cpaBBBTexBHaii CTeneHB Bopa- 
jsaeTca oBOBvaHieiii -isnja (a'b'BieH. Kyx. poAa '^snis, seaca. 



366 019PA80B1BIS OPABH. OTSD* §§ 135 — 186 

4sne = \sn}&). Booni (Yergl. Gr. § 306) , npHRHHaerb -;a 88 
hobhB, npHC06AHBaH)miBc£ Bi oBOH^aeiDy ajieieHn, Torxa voLVb 
-esn DO ero HHtHiD DpejicTaBjifleT^B nepecTaHOBsj nepBo($aTHaro 
-ens (jans); mjieBxepi npHHHHaen -nja sa npH6aBown8 cy^- 
{^BBei, a is, no ero HHiHiDy paBHiercii -ens—jana. IIpKiipH: 
did'islija'^ ei€h. did^snis (6dJiBmiB), on didis ((^onmoB); 
sen-6snja (erapmiB), oti sin-as (ciapHB), mt. se-ni- (cn- 
pHKi); ting-isnja^ oti ting-Us (jtaHBBfl); dub-ianja, on dub- 
us (yrjiytfjeHBiiBi rjiytfosiB), cp. roTcs. diup-s; gail-Ssf^a, on 
gail'US (cocTpaKaTejBBHB , zajiocTHaB) , Rop. gd- (n cur- 
veBHOHi BBA^: Ap.-($ojir. skoji-); ger-isnja (jiynmifl), on gir-as 
(xopomifl); vyr-i^a- (($jiaropoABie, CTapme) — <|^opMH npuara- 
TOiBHaro nojKOSBTejiBBoB CTonoBH BiTi (cooTBibTCTByDniee vyr-as 
npoACTaBJuen cyniiecTBHTeuBoe h paBBAOTCH do ^opvft h saa- 
qefliD caBCsp. vir-as^ xw. vir); moh%Ji-6snja (y^ea'be), on mo- 
lAtas (y^eBHfl), opHqacT. npom. BpoM. moh-lnti («y9BTB»; bi n- 
TOBCKon iisHsi, paBBO caB^ bi jiaTHHCKOMiy H Dpflqaem BopftA- 
BO cnoco($flH Ki otSpasoBaBiio CTOneseB cpaBBeaiji, cp. lar. doct-ior^ 
on ({octw «y9eBHfl»); gil-isnja-^ oii^gUUs (rjytfoaiB) h np. 
§ 136. BropoB cy^^^^esci, ynoTpetfjueiHB ops o6pa30Baeis 
cpaBBHTOJbHoB CTeneBH| ecTB -tara; obi orpaaneBi npeBHyoiecTBeB- 

BO flSHSaiH CaBCKpHTCKBM'bi ApOBBO-t^aCTpiBCBEHl H rpe^OCBHI'^ 
Bl OCTftJI&BHXlO BOHX COXpaSHJIBCB TOJIBRO $OpMH OTpaBO^OHiT. 

npBMftpH B81 caflcapBTa: mahat-tara, on mdhat (6oJBmol, 
HoryDiiecTBeBBHB), sop. mah (pacTB); dhanavat-taraf on dha- 
navaJt (((oraTHS), cyo^eeTB* dhma (($oraTCTBO, HHyDiecTBo); dhanja- 
tara, on dhanja (cqacTJiHBCiB); rakta-tara^ on rak-ta (spac- 
bbB), rjiar« rang (spaciTB); ^ghra-tara^ on i^ghra (cBopufl); 
dhani'tara^ on dhanin («($oraTHBi>; DpHJi^raiejiBBaA Ba in no- 
poA'B - jara OT^pacHBaDn KOfleqBjaB bocoboB SByai) h np. 

OsoBvaBie -tara spoBt Toro eBoBcTseBBO flftsoTopEiMi ^of- 
laMi MteionesiBy vb uoTopaxi ycMaTpaaaeTCB daa^eaie cpas- 



0BPA808AHI1 oPABa. oTin. §§ 187 — 138. 367 

kiTejMoB erenenx: anja-tara (oxhh*b En xPFoS bbi ABjx'b), 
on of^a (JipyroB); an-tara («xpyro8»— easi snbst. ntr. «pa3- 
Bfliia]»), on ana- (sa BsnycKon Roeeqearo a); i-tara (aPJ- 
rol), On jKasaTejiBHaro i; ka-tara (fiOTopsB bsi xbjxi?), on 
BonpocHTOiBflaro ha- (sTot); ja^tara (soTopHS isi ABjn), on 
eTflociTejiBBaro ja-; ut-tara (BHcmiB, BepzHil, ciBepHHl) on iid. 

§ 137. Bi xp6BHe«(asTpiilcKon nwA -tara yaoTpetfjmeTCA 
XOBOJBHO qacTO, oaasHBaflCB bo Bcixi no^TH cjOBan cy^^flK- 
COM BTopocTeneHHHH'B: frUh6'taraf on frUha (ccAoporoS, bh- 
jbI» — BopoHHaa rjacBaa cospameHa); BOHe^Hoo -a nepoA'b -tara 
nepiABo nepeiOABn wh 6: hhraoQJS-tara^ on khraoQJa (cTpam- 
BBly ysacHuB), sop. khrug; humdjd-tara^ on hu-md^'a (ycjys- 
jhbbB, iitie^HuB, noAeBHufl); Qfird-tara^ on grira (apaciiBHB); 
iqd'tara^ on tzja (ojy^untiB naqei>); ha&la^O'tara (iitieiS- 
BBfl)| on *^ya, cyqecTB. ha&saza (i][tie($H06 BeniecTBO, Jtaap- 
CTBO), ep. caHcsp. &ftila^ (AtaapB). B!B fratard-tara (Bocpas- 
HeHHo BBcmiB), OBasHBaeTCir yABooHHoe OBOB^iaBie cpaBEHTOJibfloB 
CTefleHB, TBRi Basi yse fra-tara (BBcmiB, BBCosiB), h3'B bo- 
Toparo obo 0<$pa80BaB0, bo no unoe, aaai cpaBBHTeibflaii cie- 
noHB npocToro fra (cap. pra). UocJitABBB rAacflaa sepeAi 
"tara bo BpOAO^saaxM aaDp. bi paurva-tara (on paurva 
«nepBBBy BopeABiB*, cap. pArva); aha-tara^ on oka (AypaoB, 
EeroAHuB); hujasta-tara^ on hujasta (xopomo BocxaaAeEBBB); 
hubaoidhi'taraf on kubaoidhi (($AaroBOBBBB) e flp. n wh bo- 
Ee^EOEi cjiort flpBiaraTeiBBaro BBoaAaen: Ustivoitara^ on 
ciativant (ayApocTbD OAapoflBBB); amavoQ-taraj on amavalnt 
(cejibbbB), e np. 

§ 138. Bi rpe^ecBOEi asBBt -tara npEEEEaen ^opay "Tb^o^ 
xoTopoe, tfyAy^E cboBctb6hbo (SoumeB qaoTE npEiaraTeABBBZ'B 
Ba Teay -o, ooAAesan npoAO;isefliD| ocab apoABiecTByen cAon 
BpaTBiBy a ocTaetcE BeflBEftBBBEi, ocae BpeADieeTByDutiB cAorb 
AOAon: iff%ufo-«fo-, on Ir/jS^o- («BptnaiB»; PAar. lo^ti^ 



368 06PA30BAHIB aPlBH. OTBITSHV. § 133. 

tKHMtK) CK-iy, OTBary»); Tdn^ore^o- orb ^/k^o- (ropssiS); «|«k- 
reqo'- orb u]^ios ( aoctoMhuH ); aoCpoi^sfO' {ao^cs <riiyApaB»); 
yAuKu-Wfc- (yAuxu- «CJra;iKifi»); fjLMxoc^-rs^o' {/mKoc^ c^JiazoH- 
bhS, cqacTjiHBHB»); sv^v'-re^o- («JfJ- mvposiil); ^^uxv-re^o" 
(/3^c£/uV ccspaTKiB))). SoHeqflaii rjiacHaa nepoA'b -rffo OT(ipa- 
CHBaoTCfl Bi ^opMaxTb fla -ajo (-jc/o-): Tfeqal-re^o- {Tremolo- «JI6- 
samiH no ly CTopoHy»); 'ncthjxi-rsqo- {TCothxtio- anpexfliff, jipoB- 
Bifi»); ye^l'Ts^o" {ye^x^o- vnosHJiixi Jitrb)i>); Taa^ h bi 

^/A-TFfO- (OT'b ^iAo- «MHjrHB, DpiflTHHB*); 'XO'TB^O- (eTO Hgl 

AByx'b), npoHcmeAmee nai ko-ts^o* (cy^a no aaajioriH caHcsp. 
ha-tara, ap*-<!ojie. KO-TOpUH), HHieii tohoh) npocToe Tea-. 

HtsOTopHa npBJiaraT6JEbHaa pacniflpanTi OBORqaHie -rs^o vk 
-aire^o' ( npHCTaBJieHHoe -at' HeiidBiCToaro npoHcxosAOflifl ): 
^cvX'Ciire^o' (n<nj%o- «enoBoBHiiBi>); Icrui-re^o- (Jtr©- <KpaBHBB)»); 

BTO npHJiaraTejibHoe auterb oji'b^iOBaTejibHO ABt ^opiH AJia cpaa^ 
HRTOJibHoB, a eorjacno c^ aTOHi Taase ffiSL npeaocxoAHoB cto- 
bchh); h\fi-ulreqo' (o\^/o- «noBAHiB»). 

npHJiaraTeuHHa aa -ns (HacToaniaa resia -es-) flsniHaioT'b 
BTOTi ciori Vh -€s< cchfi^h-re^O' (dfAifSijV <cBCTHHBHfi»); ttb^ 

c(((.iaroqecTiiBaB»). AiiajioriH otfpasoBaHHHX'b TaaaHi cyTOH'b ^opa'b 
cjiftAyiOTi R B'baoTopHa Jipyria npHJiarareiibflHa : evvo-hre^o- 
{^= evvovarefo-, OTi swo-o^ ^=: svvov^ «6jiaroKHCJiflniiBy fiflC^O" 
Z6.iaT6J[MiaB»); ccK^ur-h-rs^O' {oiK^ocros ((BecMimaaHuBy qacTaBx), 
Rop. K£^- K€^-ccyvv/jLi c(CMtniHBaD», ni^-ctfjLos «riHBa» = «qTO 
CMftoiHBaeTcai)); ev^cctfjioyia-rs^O' (OTi sv^xl/jioov ((cqacTJiHBBB»); 
cc<PfiXsK'e(r'r€§0' («^?A/^ «CTaptlDn^lBca», aop. iJA/k-: i)AiK-/<» 
«B08pacT^») H np. 

OiiOBqaBie -Kr-refo-y aoTopoe rose CTBoBcxBeauo ntaoTopaai 
opHiaraTejibBBHXi nonaAaorca bi Hlaoropaxii j^iffiuv ^opaax'b 



ty^ft. 'tara bi jiat. ■ fotor. as. §§ 139 — UO. 869 

H B'b jiaTHHCKon flSQKi ('^is-teTO'); oho npexcTaBuen no 
Bcel BtpoHTHocTH coeAHHeaie otfoHxi ynoTpetfjiieMaxx xjih cpas- 
BHTejbHoB CTeneoH cy^j^Hscoei -jans h -tora(Banni, § 298, a): 
ufTfocy-lcr-r^^o- a^irx^ «(uniHH8») — mt. rapax; TrrafX'^o'^TsfO' 

{OTb ICros^'OS QcG'bAHHS, HV]l(ifl»); KotX-lC'TSfO- (A«Ao- «({0JIT- 

jihbhH»); ylfevi-h'TsfO' (\)/fuJ»}V «jishbiiS, jozhhB))). 

§ 189. Bi laTHHCKOMi flSHKi -teTo HO cjiysHn otfosHave- 
HieHi cpaBHHTejBHofl CTeneHu; Ti j^opMH, b:b soTopHxi oho BCTpi- 
weTCfl, HO npHHaBaDn K*b npHJiaraTejibHBK: u-ter (kto hbi 
AByxi), 13% nepBoeaq. ka-tara (Ap.-tfojir. ko-toi^uh), bi OTpH- 
iiaTejBHoI 4^pHt ne-uter (hhbto I3b AByn)^ nsi "^na-katara; 
oZ-fero- (ApyroB, oahhi hsi AByzi), Kop. oZ-, cp. aZ-to- (Apy- 
rofl), rpeq. o^AAo^; i-terum (onan), otb i (Bona^, § 292); 
dex'tero* (npaBsB), on dex-f cp. rpeq. d^^-io-, esp. (laA^s- 
ina; |?rae-<er (Rpoiti npejii), aub-ter (aoA'Bi bbhsi), in-^er 
(lezAyf oocp6AH)i orb jproe, sub, in; rpeqecKOxy "scrre^o' eo- 
OTBtTCTByen mt. is-tero- vi mag-is-tero- (aaqajibHHSi, yqH- 
Tejii»)| min-is'tero' (cjyra, hohohihhki). 

SHaqefiie cpaBHHTeiBBoB cieneHH bi HtoOTopHzik hsi 8THr& 
^opii TepHJOCB oqesHAHO yse bb BOCBva AP^BHia Bpeiena, Tais^B 

mtBl K^ EHHl lOrb OpuCOeAHBHTBCH HOBSB 06pa30BaT6IBHElt 

ajieieflrB epaBHsreiBHoB CTenenH : -tor, cp. in-ter-ior (BHyipeH- 
fiiB); dexter -iar (6ojite cdoco6hhB, HcsycHHB) h np. 

g 140. ^OpiH CpaBHHT6JIBH0fi CTeHOHH HB -tofa Bl rOTCKOM 

jiBiiKft: an-<ftara (oahbi I3'b XByn, XpyroB), hioh. anthar^ 
JIHTOBCK. hn-tra'S; Mn-dar (oosaAB, sa), ApoBHO-Hti. hin-tar; 
Ap.-H4». for-dar («AMBnie» — nti. fUr-der^ anrj. fur-ther); 
hva-thar'a (kto h8B AByzB), b^*^ Jks-^ora, jhtobcs. katrhs; 
af'tra (odhtb), hbb *ap-tara (apa-tara), cp. AP«*((oir. on-OKOy 
rpei. %7g'Krdiv\ un-dar (noAi»); vi-thra (npoTHBi), AP**Hti« 
m-dar. 

HopACKu DpBBaAiesafliU ci>a« ^opia noAsepraJiHCB morAft 

21 



870 oFftOHKOi 'tama. § 141. 

coBepmeHBOiy jnoAO($ji6HiD : hvdrr («kto h» XBjxi^y roTcs* 
hvatharX 931 BCTpi^aeiiaro eqe b^ CTapHHBHZi naMHTBHsan 
hva-dar; un-dir (noAi); m-nar (bbjtph, bbjtpb), hbi *in-tar, 
CBp. atirta/ra; hin-dr (aa, bobbab), &tn-e2n (saABiil); ap-tari 
(saABiS, nosAfltfimiS); aj^-tr (flasaA'B, oiibtb); aP* mBeACB. d-ter; 
d'dr (npesAB^tix), orb npeAi. d (flaAi, bi, sa), hi cpaBBHT. 
eT60. cedri (BHme); annarr (ApyroS), %n ""an-dar-a^ cp. fotcb. 
an-thar h np. 

§ 141. Cy$4^BBcy "tara au cpaBHBTenBol CTeneei cooTBto- 
CTByen 'tama f,Jiz npeBocxoAfloI vb caHCKpHTCsoni ap^bbo- 

(SaBTpiSCBOHl H Wb HiBOTOpnX'b OTAftJBHHXl ^opiBxi laTEHcnro 

K roTCsaro bshbob'b. 

npEHipH BBi caBcspHTa: satja-tama (satja^mnmuli^ Dpas- 
AHBh8»); dhani-tama (dhanin^6oT2kThLiy»); pu^ffa-tama (pui^a 
«CBjiTo8»); Uvra-tama (ttvra «0CTpHB»); ha'tama (bto hbi 
tfojite AByxi); ja-tama («botophB hb'b tfojifte AByxiv — bi ot* 
BOCHTeiBBOHi BHa^eaiB); iha-tama (((Oahhi HBitfojtfte AByxi» — 
ika <cOAHHi»); ta-tama (<ktotI| axon bbi (Soifte AByxii> bi 
BflaveBifl yBasaiejibflOHx). 

'tama o($pa8yeTi Toxe ncjiflTejiBBaB nopBAOuaB ibi ocbob- 
HBXi (osaB^HBann^BxcB aa -tif -ta): viiiQati'tafna (ABBAiia- 
THfi), orb miiQati (ABBAiiaTb); triniot-tama (TpRAi^f^Tb), on 
trihgat; saptati-tama .(coBHAecATuM), oti saptati; gatatama 
(cothB), on gata (<ccto)>), rpei. s-icocro-i sahasra-tama (th- 
CB9BEiI)y on sahasra ( thcb^b ), b np. 

Ti npffjnaraieJibHEiB, soiopHB bi cpaBBBTejSBoB creneBB ■- 
uim'b -jdns (tjdns), bi npsBocxoAHoS npsBBiaDn is-ta, nepe- 
xoAAuiee no SByROBHui npaBujiaBi bi is-tha; is npoACTaBjaen 
6on coBBiBifl cospanieBHoe -jdns^ ii.% KOTopoMy BpneoeAflBBeTca 
cy$$BBci 'ta: pre-stJia (cpaBH. cien. prejdns), hsi ^prfi-istha, 
on prya (bbj[u8, minjiui); Qre-kha^ cpaBB. ctob. fri-jdm 
(cqacTJBBie); drdgh ' is - tha (caiuB AJi^BHBaB)| cp. ctob. drdr 



cy^«HRoi 'tema b% ap.-baktp« bb. § 142. 871 

ghtjdnSy on dtrgha ( ajihhhhS); pdp'ikha^ on pdpa ( xypHoi, 
CBBepBHR), cp. CT. pdptjdns^ cp. rpe^. KccK'taro' on xaxo-; 
gar-istha^ cp. ct. gartjdns, on guru (TaaejiHH); dav-istha, 
cpaB. CT. davtjdnSf orb dUra (AflJiesifl); mo^-iJ^^a, cpan. ct. 
fnatijdnSf on mati-mant (vuhhH); dQ-istha^ cpasH. ot. dgtjdns 
OTb dgu (cKopHfl); var-ikha (rpeq. fcc^^iaro')^ cp. ct. varijdns^ 
orb t;ara (xopomiff, OTJiaqaHS); sj^-^^^, OT!b sthira (spiosiS, 

nOCTOaHHHfi), KOp. S^(i (CTOATb), H Up. 

§ 142. B'b xpoBHO - tfasTpiScBoifB asHKft -tema xaKi cy$- 

^HKCi npeBOczoABoff CTenoHB cooTBtTCTByeTi OKOHvaHiK) 'tara 

jflsi cpaBHHTejiBHoS ; BpaTSoe -a nepe^'b t nepexoAHTi vb 6: 

jigf^d'tema {ott> jSgnja, npsqacT. 6yA. Bpesi. cipax. sajr. oti 

jojs <xsepTBOBaTb| BOCXBaJiflTb»); ughro-tema (ughra occubHHff, 

HorymecTBeHHHS^); takhmo'tema (taJchma acBopuBytfHCTpHfi^); 

vaedhjo'tefna (vaidhja c<8Hai)ii],iB»), sop. vid; zajo-tema (zaja 

«BOopyx6BHHB)»; SHa^HTi Tose c(Gpy«ie»); Jchsathr-jo'tenia (khsa- 

thrja <xBopoji6BCKi8»). -tema Kas'B org i^anie nopiiAO'fHnx^b iipn- 

lararejiBHHX'b : hazanro-tema {oiii hazanra «THCfl9a»); vtgdg' 

tema (vtgaiti ^ABaAKaxb))). OcTajbHUfl rjacBHJi nepeAi ^tema 

He fl3iiiHaK)TCfl : duzgainti-tema (duzgainti <)(BOHK)^iB»); hu' 

baoidhi'tema (hubaddhi <(()jiaroBOHHH8»); avahhu-tema (avanku 

«(BexopomiM»); thr<Hj6dareghu - tema (thrdjodrighu <imms>aoSi 

uniBZ'b))). 'tema HHorAa npHCTaBJiA6TCfl n ei cyniecTBHiejibHHH'Bi 

BHpajsaa n Tasom cjy^ai Toxe OTHomeoie npeBocxoAHoS ctb- 

neHH: da$vd'tema («flaeT0flmi8 bjioS Ayx'b, cannB seciOKiB hbi 

EHxi^)^ OTi da&va (bjedS Ayxi); mdhrM-tema (ccoqoBb CHep- 

TOJibHuBy BocbHa cHepTOHocHEiB»)y OTi» makrJca (enepTb); jaQkd^ 

tema {<mro ecTB rjiaBBOi) tfoji-bBHii), 6ojibnie apf^^*^ npHqHHAD- 

s^iM 6ojit8Bb»)9 on jagka (tfojiibsHb); zarathustrd-tema (vriaB- 

bhB speQi, CTOiifl^iB no AOCTOHocTBy djiiize BCtxi ApyrBX'b kx 

3opoacTpy», hjh (csaniHnianiiiiB naBHaro speiia») — - Jt^sfi, Hdb. 

122; HHa^e otfincHiierb bto cjiobo SoccoBHq'b, nepeAaaaa ero 

24* 



872 oy^AHRCB -tama. §§ 142 — U3. 

Hepes^ « Saraf Dstro cnltus obserYantissimas» — (Decern Exc« 
117)| on zarathustra (co(Sctb. nn). 

BcTpik^aiDTCii TaKze $opMH crb xBolHHirb BEpaseeien npoBO- 
cxoAHoS CTeneHH : vah - isto - tema (on vah * ista «caMHB lyqmil*^ 
npeBocxoAH. cren. vanhu <xxopomiB») — sxtcB otfa cy^i^iKsca npe* 
BOcxoAHoB cTenoHH coeAHHeHB; darez-tsto-tema (v^pesBowBHO 
BpftnsiB»), on darez-ista (npeBOCx. CTen. on deree-ra «Bpikn- 
BiB»)y Rop. darez (yspibDJiATB). TftRHVB ^^opvan cootbItctby- 

X)T*b H H'bROTOpHfl CaHCRpHTCSiff) VJi,t DOCJli OROH<iaHifl npeBOCXOAHOB 

CTeaoHH 'istha CTOEn emfi -tama : - nidikha-tama (oaiiHB 6jii8- 
EiB); QT^stha-tama (qpesBH^aflHO c^acTJHBBB), pdpikha-tama 
(caMflB BOAJiiBmiB) , cp. Benfey^ Yollst. Sanskr. Gramm. 234. 
BTopoB cy^^HRCb npoBocxoAHoB CTeneHB, -is-ta (caHCRp. i^- 
tJia), cooTBftTCTBj6T% nepBOHawjiBHOiy jans j(M CTeneHH cpaBHE- 
tejiBHoB: wvdz'ista («o?eBB cwctjiebaB^ — RaKi cymecTBH- 
TeibBoe: axpystfax^), oti» urvdaa (jacROBsB); ac-ista (o^bbb 
njioxoB, casuB BoroABaB), on oka; ^a^ghn-ista (§aghnvdo 
ccyAapflDfl^iBs) — npiqacT. npomoA. apei. aMctb. sax. on gan 
<x6htb, yA&pATB)i>); harez-ista (BecBia bhcoriB), on berez-ant^ 
vb soHCR. poA. berezaitif Bop. barez (paCTu); maz-ista (cavHB 
tfojBmoB)^ on maz- ^magh- (6ojbmoB), cp. rpe^. fjisy-strro'; 
raz-ista (Becbia npaMoB, ToqflHB, cBpaBOAXHByB) , on erezu 
(hcthbbhB), Rop. arez; khratw-ista (khratu-mant «6jiaropa- 
ByiiHHBx)); Qpin-ista (cccaunB cbbtoB, CBflTiBmiBx>; RpoMft Toro 
ynoTpe($jiA6TC4i h Apyran ^^opia: QpeSitO'tema)^ on gpSOvaSU (yiHO- 
saDBiiB, cfiflToB); Qpmtd-tema o(Spa30BaHo on gpeSita, jkjf.'6ojLV. 

CBAn. 

§ 143. B^ rpeqecROMi ASSRt, b% conaciB ci caBCRpRTCRBn 
I ApoBfle-CiaRTpiBcRHHiy npoBOcxoABaa CTeoeHB Hii'ben ABa oroh- 
whU: -/(rro- H 'Tctro'f ROTopHfl opHCTaBJKDTca El npHxara- 

TOXBBHMl, CHOTpa 00 TOMy , OtfpaSyDn - IE OBE cpaBBBTex&Eyi) 

CToneEB BOcpoACTBon cy#BRca -mf (jans)^ rxe se -reqo- (tara). 



oy««iKOH •urrof "TccTo. § 143. 873 

•f^ro- no-BHAHVovy coBDaAserB n xp.-tfsRTp. -istat csp. -istka^ 
HO -retro- 1 vh OTJuqie on caBCsp. -tama^ AP*-((MTp. tema^ 
BpeACTSBJfleT'b jABoeeie nepBOflaquBearo to (BcrptqaeHaro n 
osoHqafliH nopjfxoqHBxi qncJiiTej&aEixi: Tt^Z-ro- «nepBHB» — cap. 
pra-thama^ XP*-<(AKTp. fra-tema; ri-rec^-ro' «qeTBepTHB»; JW- 
ro' «A6CiiTHl»: Awtro-o-re- «cothB»; 'jQXio - c - ro ^ «THCJiqHH9» 
I np.). npHitpa: o?Jy'i(rro- {o)Jy-og <xHeKHori9»), epaBH. ct. 
lAei'ov; KcchX-Kno' (cpaBH, eT« xosA^W- on xo^Ao- ^npespac- 
hbId), Fcc^'urro' (cccaiiBV Jiyqaiil3» 'CaHcsp. var-istha); /^iy- 
40X0:- i/^^ci?^' «tfojbmoB]», aop, /x^-), xp.-(SasTp. maz-ista h np. 

OaoBqaHie iHorHX'b npuaraTeiBHHX'B BBnaAaen oepoA'B cy(|»- 
^HKCOMi npoBoexoABoB CTeneflH : r(»%-i(rro- ^r(»%u-^ «CBopHB»); 
^i'itrro' (n^v' «(iipiaTHBB»y eap. st;a(2ef^. -vo- BunaAaen: aKy* 
sffTO' (spOH'i ccXyeivo ' rare ^ on eixyuvo- <cn6qaiBHHB», sop* 
a\y-^ jiaT. lAg-Sre «cftTOBaTB»); Apyria coBpan^eRia oojiosh- 
TenaoB cTeneai npa otfpaaoBaHia npoBoexoAHoB: £t/(7%-4o-ro (etl(r%^o- 
^OTBpaTHTeiBBHBv); oiKr-itrro' (ohr^o- axaJi0CTHHBi>y ho bi 
cpaBHHT. cteneHB ohr^o-re^o); e%d-/oro- (ix^^o- capasAoti- 
hhBd); fjL^K'Krro' (fxccK^o' «AOjriB)» — Kop. fjiettc; KopoHHaa riac- 
aaa noABepraoTea yeueaii), BaKi-((H Bi-saiftvB yTpaqeeHaro -^o; 
ecTB anpoqeii h $opxa (Jtaxfo-raro-); ^cc-aro- (aai ^'ioro-^ 
on (eifio- aiersiB))). 

-rccro npHcraBjiaeTCi ai npvjiaraTexBHEiHi (BToporo paapaAa) 
TaaiHi-se otfpaaon, aaai -r^^ o- / catAOBaiexBHO : Trnc^o - rccro- 
(«caiHB ropBsifl^ — on ^ix^e-); d^id-recro (i^io- «AOCTOfl' 
bhB»); <pi\'rccro' ((plho- «ihjbB»); •4/w(J'-/(r-rctro- (ypsvi^ff 
ciubhB, ol$iaHqiBHB»); Ur-ecl-rccro' (ho- <cpaBHBB»); /xecr-ecl' 
rt^ro- (fxeco" «cpeAHiB»); fxeXdvrctro' ([JiiXa^ «qepHBB» — on 
TOIB ixehxr- , cpaBHHT. wen. fxehdv - re^o - ) ; a^ay - /<r - rot>ro^ 
(a^ct^ <(XVii(HHB») I np. IIo anajioria $op» na -ea-raro- 
otfpaayoTi npeaocxoAByi) CTenoHB a npajiaraTeABHoe oclSolo- (ao- 
CTonoqTeHBHB) : aJioi-h-rctro-. 



874 oy^ftHKCB 'time. § 144. 

§ 144. Bi jraTHHCKon . usss'b osasEiBaoTcir toji&so -tiina 
(-simo) npeACTaRHTejieH^ ApesHirro -tama, Torxa sasi ein 
4>opMSy cooTBbTCTBjioii^eB nepROHaqajiBHOHy -isto; 3a-T0 otfpaao- 
BaTOJiLHHMi dieMeHTOii'B f,M np6BOCxoAHo8 cTeoeHH otfHapyxH- 
BaeTca Tose OKOHqanie -mo (npHcymee h nisoTopna'b nopAAOV- 
BBHi 9HCJ[HTej[bOHH^ : pH-mO' ((iiepBuB^, sepH-mo- vceABHoHi), 
deci-mo- ocA^caraB^o): inf-i-mo- (<(caMHfl Hfi8KiB»; cp. inf-er- 
ioTf infra); sum-mo- (hsi ^'sup-mo- acaiiHB BEteosiB, casisfl 
sepXHiB^), OTt 8up-ero- (BopxniH). 

OKOHqame -timo-: op-timo- (vcasiiiiB JiyqiniB», sop. op, ep* 
rjiar. op-t-are «zejiaTBx>); mair-imo- (acaMsB 6oj[imoB)!>, hsi 
*mag-timo-, zo^.mag^ cp* nojoa. cien. mag-no-); min-imo- 
(«caHHB ]ieHBmiB» — b^^poatho coBpan^eHO hs'b *min-timo-, sop. 
min-f epaBBST. CTen. min-or; min-imo- hosho o6'bflCBBTB 
H nocpeACTBOMi osoHqaHiii -imo = -mo, npeACiaBUiDBiaro -mocB 
BCBOHoraTeiBHOD HJH coeiBBHTejibHOiDrjiacHoB); td-timo- («ho- 
cjitABiB3»9 cp. td-tra ccno tj CTopofly, Aa^^%e», nsi id -tar a); 
prox-imo- (atfjmsaBniifl)), h3^ jproc-smo-, aoTopoe, na ocbo- 
BafliH cJTOBa prope «b6jib3?, seAajresox), otfiacBjieTCfl isi *jprop- 
smo»'[2'rojp-tmo 0* Gh)A& npHaaAJiesan h OEonqaBia -rimo- 
{imo-y npHCTaBMeiHSfl ki upHj[araTe.iBBnHi, ORaeqEBaD^ncfl aa 
-er, H HftsoTOpHMi Ba -iZi-, Tara-^To -errimo- h i22imo- b6 
HBoe qto, Bas:B esMtnenHHe -V-simo -er-timo^^ -as-timo^ h 
-tZ-difno- = iZ-timo: ceZer-nmo- (<(caiiHB CKopiiB, ((acTpHflx>; 
cd-er «CRopBB»); veter-rimo- (veter- «CTapHB», irireB. vetus^ 
Ap.-tfojir. BeTiiXb); simil-limo- (bs-b *8imU-simo-f *8imU-timo% 
on simUis occxoahhB, noAo6H£iB»); facU-Umo- (facili- ajter- 
BiB3»| OTi sopH. foe tcA^jaTB^); humil-limo- (hum-Ui- «cbb8- 



^ /(4JI ;ioa3aTe4i>CTBa HairBHeaui ry^Hoft vb ropraHHjio uia iiB-o6opon moxbo 
csanmhi sn. coquo (eapio), CKp. Kop. paJi Ap.-6oir. n€K~; quirt' qm (ntrth), 
cKp. pane - o/i ; rpeq. St - o/nocs ( cji'BAyio ) -laT. sequ - or, cicp. sac (tat sah); 
wi'Tspo — ^(kio nail ;iByx'b)j cnp. ka-tara u up. 



nPSB. OTfiff. Bl JAT. HrOTCB. A8. §§144—145. 375 

KiS, noBopHB9»); am pmr-ifno- (secBua iBoriB, npeiHoriM), 
npoHcmexmaro hb'b plus-imo - »=^Z(Hr - umo - ULielxepi (Oom- 
peiuL 491) oojiarseT'ii EopeHBji) (j^opaiy ^pra-jans-ma^ eit otEo- 
Bol pra (paBBO aasi pl^S'=^plau8=*plo'ju$ cooiBtTCTBOBajio 
6u nepBO($BTflOiy ^pra-jans). 

npaBUbHoe OBOHWflie -issimo- cocTOHn En ABjn ^aeieffi 
m BOTopHX'B nepBaH (-is) npeACTaBMeTi coBpaqeHBnS cy$- 
4^BBci, ynoTpetfueiufi npH o($pa80BafliB cpaBBETejiBHofi cxeneBE 
(jans)^ a BTopoB ('Simo) BacTOsn^ee OKOHqaaie npoBOcxoABoB 
('tama; Vh tsAmo- 1 ynoxotfjiBeTCX cJitAOBaTOJibBO npeAmecTByn- 
meiy a). Uo ^opit 4ss%mo c($j[BsaeTCfl TaBBHi oCSpasoM'B ci 
rpev. -/oTo-i xp.-tfBBTp. -fsto, BO OTJiBqaexcji ot'& bbxi vh no- 
eilAHel wen (ee chotpb Ba to, qro cnocotf'b nponcxosA6Hifl 
epaBBBBaeHHXi OBOB«iaBiB BOBce Be eoBnaAaoTx; otfiflCBeBio -is- 
simo wh ista + mo Mftmaen, BpoMi paBJBqiB bi oinpaBieBiH co- 
BoaynHOCTH 8Thxi XByxi OBOfluniB, cpoABoe i^ bh^cto BOToparo 
X02SH0 6u osHAaTb a) : lev'issimo' («caHBB Jiersiflx)), hsi la- 
gliu-is-tiino-9 TaBii-Baai Zet7i='*laghu-i); dur-issimO' (cccaMnB 
tb6pxhB» — Hsi Mnr-is-timo); divit-issimo- («6aHHB ((oraTHBx>, 
Teia divU') i np. 

§ 145. Bi roTcsoHi flSQst OBOH^aaie -ta (-da) npECoexH- 
HxeTCfl vb ^opiaii epaBBHTejBBoB eTenoHH (aa -is ejle -da), 
Taai nTO -ista^ -data coBnaxaiOTO ci> rpeq. 'itrro-: reih-ista 
(reik'8 ccyBasaeHHB, Horyni^ecTBeflHHBx)); spid-ista- («nocjiiA- 
mB)>| ($yBB. ccauB no3ABiB»y on spSds «no3ABiB»y cp. bAh. 
spdt); smd'teta' («(caBHB MajraBD— on smd-s); bat-ista 
(cccaiHB lynmiBv — cpaBE. cten. hat-izan- npBHaAJiesflTi z'b 
BpuaraTenHOiy goda- «xopoBiiB, Ao(!pHBi>) ma-ista (cccaxEiB 
tfonmoBs— sa BHBycBoi'B ropraBHaro seyBa bsi Wg-ista, rpeq» 
fjiiy-ioro' ) ; minn-ista ( = jibt. min-imo , epaBB. CTen. mtran- 
ti^an-, jiaT. min-or «V6B&miB>»); Zasit;-o5to (0Ti'2(mt;-a «ejia- 
<$Hfl»); arm-dsta (on arm-a, HieHHT. arms <cd!lbAHHB, sa^BiB^). 



876 oyoftHSGU -tama^ '-ista. §g 146 — 146. 

JEaTHHCKOMy "timo- cooTBibTCTByen BCTpt^aoHoe bi nisoTO* 
pHn roTesHxi ciosan -tuma ( -duma ) : af-tuma (anocitA- 
bIBsd — H8i ^apa-tama); if-tuma- («cji%jLyi)niiI» — Banp. whif- 
tumin daga <xbi cJiftAyDiiiil a^bix)); in-numa (cBByvpeHHiB, 
eaiHB BHyTp6HHiI», sop. in-, cp. inna <xBHyTpH», Jiar. in- 
timo'^ inna=JiW. intra); Mei-duma (<icjtBHB»; on BOBBBft- 
CTBaro no BHa^eHiD RopnA hlei-; OKOHqaaie cpaBBBiejibfloB CTe- 
neHH OBBBSBaeTCfl toso vh cooTBiTCTBeHHon rpe^. d^itr-re^o — 
«jiftBHBx>, E vh JiBT. sinis'ter^ ^opp^ Gramnu comp. 298, a). 

npBMlpH ABoBuoro oKOflqaeU npeBoexoAfloB CToneHE : af-tum- 
ista («nocjiftAHiB» — rpeq. itrx-aro-; -tum^^tama^ a •fote= 
csp. istha); hin-dum-ista (occaiHB 8aAttiB», an npeAOOJiarae- 
laro *Mn'dufnaf Ch ocboboB Mn). 

OKOHiiaHie -ma- bi fru-ma- («n6pBHB«>; bi reni ei npHera- 
bji6Hbbh% ncfru-man-) cooTBtTetByen lar. -mo vh pri-mo-; 
TBEi H vh anh-u-ma- (n)' «B03BEimeflHHB, BHcmiB^i n npe- 
BocxoABofl eTen« auh-um-ista-. 

§ 146« Bi HopACROMi ESHBt osofl^aflie npeBoezoABoB cre- 
sobh: 'ista-f -asta, b'b HieaBTejiBHon -istr^ -astr (an -^istSy 
"^asts ); OKOHqaflie -istr dpohbboahti OTSByR'E BopeoBoB naeHoB, 
'dstr npHCoeAHHAOTefl k% npHJiaraTejiBHOHy, bo HSHtBiifl ero rjiac- 
HoB (cp. oBOHqaBiB cpaBBBT. CTon, 'iri h -ari): frem-str (TOia 
firem-staj hbi yramHsta-s, on fram-r aroAHHB, eooco((HuB)»); 
stoer-str (acaHHB (SojibmiB», hbi *stor-ista-s , on stdr «c($on- 
moBx)); vten-str (cainB spacHBHB), on vtBnn (hbx *v8Dn-r); 
frdd'ost-r («yMBftBniiBx> , hs'b IfrOd-asta-s) , onfirMa-, Hiea. 
frod-r; Uuf-ast-r (liufa-f hi. liuflr acmbjehB, joporoB*); be-str 
(«jiyqmiB»^ hbi *bet-str^ cp. votck. hat-^sta) ; min'Str («ieBb- 
mif cainB vajioBasHHBo , cpaBH. ctoiu ininni = nT. minor); 
fyr-st (safii aapiqie «cuepBa, npesA6», hvb ^ftir-ista; BCTpiiqa- 
ercii Tasse furst: sem furst asaBi mosbo noesopie^); st-st 
(^lOBfte BC6rox>- st-dr «i6Bfte»— *Bapftq,); hd-zt («((oibme Bcero^y 



DPSBOOX. OTSn. B^ IHTOB. SLZ. § 147. 377 

Hsi *held-8ty cp. hel-dr <ccRopfte, 6ait6»); skem-str (skamm-r 
«KopoTBil)>y cpaBHBT. 6T6D. skem-rt^ an *skam-iri) h np. 

§ 147. CaiocTOBTOJiBHoe OBoiqaflie JuiTOBCBaro iSBsa f,u ope.- 
BoexoAHoS CToneHH -jdusia-s (aJia vysecB.), jdusta- (xu sobcb. 
poAa, BOTopHA npoH3HocirT6)i -idusieSf -idi^ie, ScJUeicheTf Lit 
Granun. 147) npoAeTaBMen yxe dJieieflTi BOBtBniaro otfpaso- 
safliiiy BOTopHB no-fiHxnoiy tpjaho o((ii[cbhtb En npecyqHX'B 
XpyrHHi cpoAHQHi jiBHRan ey^^SBCOBi (-tama, -ista). Tasx- 
MBi flapftqie cpaBBBTeiBHoB cTeneHH oaaBUBaeicfl aa -jaus, to 
sesAy 8THMi» ey^^BBCoxi B OBOHqaBien npeBocxoAHoB cieneBH 
cyqecTByoTB fleocnopBian CBasb. IIo MHtHuo Boona (Gramm. 
Comp. § 807), BTO OBOflqaflie npeACTaBuerb umb Apyryi) $op- 
ly epaBBHTej&HoB CToaeBEi Taavsaai vb nacHofl u on bbabti 
HBitBeBBoe n. 

npntpa: labidusiaa («jiyqmifl»— {{f&-M <icxopoffliBi>); ger- 
idttsias (lyqmiB, caiaB Jiyqmifl), on g^r-as (xopomiB); soldi- 
dusias («caHGiB ciaABiB»^ fern, saidz-ditsiaf jun ^sdld-jausiaSj 
ovb sald-Us <KCJiaABiB», esp. svddu); moJciC'idfmas (acaiuB 
yqefloBD, mokitaa <KyieHHBx>--npflqacTie npom. BpoM. on fnok" 
Inti ayiBTbx)), I np. 



B. CjIOBOOBPASOBAHIE 

Bi flSHRAxi gjiabhhgkhx:b. 
§ 1 48. Gy^^^^HscoBiy ynoTpeiSiireHHn x\z ot^pasoBama hobhx^ 

CIOBli Bl CJiaBAHCKOl OTpaCJIH BO HHOro; Bi^BOTOpHXly B% CpaB- 

Befli? CI xpyrHiH cpoAHnHB flssRan, BOBce Bfti'b (Tasi nanp. 
OKOHTOfliS npeBocxoAHoB cieneHH : -isto, -toma^, XPF^^^ °^ 'b^' 
^esii) H ynoTpe($JieBi]Dy BecbMa orpaHHqeHHH (Haop. -u^ -ha sasi 
cy^^HKci nepBOCTeneHH&iB). Oiobi, npeACTaBiflDniEn npocTne 
BopBBy cjiftAOBarejiBHO y otfpasoBaHHHX'B den noHon^ir Kasexi 6u 
TO BE 6hjio osoHTOHiffy He oKasHBaeTCH. 05^ diowb BaxHOxi ee- 
Aocxaisi cjiOBi nepBHTOBrby npoHcmeAniHxi HesaBHCHio on cy$- 
^HBCOBi, npiypo^HBaDn^eHi adasi nepioAy BTopHqaarOi nh ffloae 
TpeTH^flaro otfpasoBSknia, eBHA^TejBeTByerB BpeBiyqecTBeHHO to 

OtfCTOflTeJIBCTBO , ^TO Bl XpeBHftBmetfB npeXCTaBHTOJli iI8QB0B!b 

cxaBflHCBHXi HO BCTp'bqaDTCfl cjOBa, oKaHqETB&Dntiircii sa corxac- 
HBx: Bi ocBOBHHii ^OHemecBEXi DoxoseHiflMi ApoBHe-tfoirap- 
CBaro flSHsa npEHaxxesBETi to, no Bas^oe cxobo aoxsho obbh- 
VBBaTBCE Ea rxacHyR>| Bce paBHO, qHCTyn, noxflyD xe, exe ocxa6- 
xoEHyi), rxyxyD, TaBi-BaBi sopHE no ($oxBmeB qaeTE BOHqaDicx 
corxacHSHE, to nonxTflo, qro caMsB rxaBHoB e EEoroqEcxeEHHB 
padpxA'B BopeeB ho eof'b boBate bi cociaBi nepBoeaqaxBHHXi 

CXaBXHCBHX'B CXOBX; HO E 0TH0CET6XBH0 BOpHOB Ha rxaCHHX AOXX- 
HO Saxl^TETB T0-X6 CBEOe. ASHBIB HO HOCX^AOBaXl HpElftpy CaiG- 



0JI0B00BPA30BAHIK Bl OJIAB. Bd. § 148. 879 

spuTa, npeACTaBJUDiiiaro HeptA^o KopH& aa rJiacHHify o6pa30- 
BaHHHe 6en noMoniii cy<j^<|)HRCOBi; g bi BopHUxi, ORaHqeBan* 
niHxcji Ha rjiacHHA, rA*b otfpasoBaHie caoai, no npHHtpy abhkobi 
cpoj^HHxi, H6 noAiexajo HHsasBiii saTpyAHeHUHi, cioBa mopjih 
npoBCxoAHTb H pasBHBaTbca TOUKO nocpeACTBOHi opHCTaBSH cy$- 
^HKcoBi, BOTopHe, ecJiH coAOpsajiH rjacHyVy dphhhhuh SBysi 
coeAHHHTeuHHfi. IIpHCTaBJieHBHlt TasBMi odpasoM'L cy<|^<|^Hsci Bl 
BociftACTBiH onycKaJicfl, ibbi-^to hb nepBHB BsruA'^ cjobo BpeA- 

CTBBJIfleT'b qaCTHS SOpOHB CI H8MtH6HH0n HJIH yCBJIOHHOH) B0p6B- 

BOD rueHoI , TorAa-aaRi Ha caMon a^^ bhxoahti Apyroe, ep. 
Banp. AP*-({oir. no-KOH (HHpi), odpaaoBaHHoe orb Bopn. ki 
(caBCKp. gt «jiexaTB», rpe?. KsJ-fjtai <xiezy»), ci noA'^eMoii 
BopeHHaro i; yapo-A%H (syAecBBKb, BOJAyH*^), Bop. a^-^ (<^Kp. 
dhd)f H3!b -*aW~^*» eoh (($opB((a, ($oS), cb noA^eMovi BopoH- 
HoB riacHoB oti BOpH. ch (neonpeA* eh-th, pyccs. Cu-mt) h np. 

GlOHrb TOXbBO CpaBHHTb BCl OCTaXBHHfl CXOBB, npOHCDieABIUI HS'b 

npocTsxi BopHefl, nocpoAeTBOMi npHcraBBH cy^^HBca a (-i, -a, 

-O), VTO^H ytfiAHTBCH B!b CXOSHOCTH COCTBBa H TaBHXl CXOBl, 
COCTOIIHIHXI B% CBJiaH CI DpHCTaBI6HHHrB , HO, SaTftl'Bi BHOaA" 

0011 cy^^BBcoHi. To-se caxoe noBTopBerca h bi coBpexeH- 

BHXl CXaBBHCBHXl BBEIBaXi: BH OAHHl H3!b HHX^ Vb npOB3HO- 

mefliH BopeHBHxi ejol npoH3BOABHX!b cxoBi He yAepsaxi BOHoq- 
Baro '% — Ha HHCBMt Bnpaxaerb ero tojibbo B3hbi pyccBiB, Aft 

H BA^CB BBB^b OAHO XBHIB HCTOpHqeCBOe BOCnOlHHaHie; HO fl3'B 

cpaBHeHifl cxoB!B coBpoHeHflnxi cxaBBHCBHX'b jidHBOBi c% cootbAt- 

CTBeflBBlE ApOBfle-($OXrapCBHHH BRXOAHTly VTO H TBH, FAft CiOBO 

no-BHAHHOHy coBnaAaen ci npociHi's BopHem, ho OBaBHBax 
HHBaBHn npHtfaBO^BBxi cnxiB, aoubo npcAHOxaraTB j^opiy, 
cocTOBHtji) H31 AByxi qacTefl — hsi BopHB, H npHCTaBxeflHaro b'b 
neiy cyj^HBca, hiohho -i. TaBi nanp. hoxbcb. pies (co($a- 
sa), unlk (boxbi), acib (sytf'b)^ rzctd (nopBAOBi, npaBHTexB- 

CTBOX U DOpBliB BSrXBA'B HpOACTaBAJUOTl BOpOBHiUI CiOBB^ COB- 



380 OyOftRSCH Bl CIABflR. HBBKAX^ § 148. 

naAEDIIliA ei OOOTBtTCTBeHHHU BOpHaiH, HHtBTOME Bl lepBO- 

HaqauHon BiAt $opxj: pas, yark, gambh, randh, ho cpaaHO- 

Bie Cl COOTBiTCTBeHHBlB ApOBHe-tfoir. nbCl> BAIITL, ;XS1i, pAfflk 

AOsasHBaen oponBHoe: BHrne-npHBeAeoHHa cxoaa odpaaoaaHfl 
noionibD cj$({»Bsca a (u), ociatfiBinaracii b^ -i , aoTopoe ano- 
cji^ACTBiH coBcftn Heqesio. PaBHoxipflo h qemcs, ciOBa krk 
(h81 krk''L=}akA^ ep. caBcap. X;rJk-a «ropio»-*6JOBo npoic- 
xoxA<>Hifl BBjBonoApasaTeji&HaroX eijprA;(aHanaAeBie», aop. prak), 
Up («sji6l»; rjar. lep-Ui «Bji6iTa»-»esp. aop. lip «npi-jfln- 
aTb»), Uesk (aojaia), krt (apoTi), nos (bocb) e np. mosbo 

Oti'UrCHHTB TOJIBSO H81 600TBtt6TB6flHBXl S0pB6l CI BpieTaBieH- 

BHai El HBM!b ey^^iBcom -a (-%)• HtooTopM no-BHAMioay 
BecBva npocTHa cjioaa vh cymnoCTH — aobojibho cjosbs, rasi aa 
qemcB. smrt (exepTB), taA toubo abb SByaai -iiir- npeA- 
CTaBJiBDn BacToan^il sopeflB (cospaoteBBB h8<b nepaoHaq. mary 
cp. caHcsp. mr-ta «xepTBHl»y mi> *iiiar-ta), TorAa-aaai s oaa- 
BBBaeTca coapanteHflmi (asi c\=sam) npeAXoron, a t jnponieH- 

BBHl nepBO($flTBBn CJ$4^EBC0Il -^ (cp. V^.'^OJLV. CVMjkVTL; 

vb ^emcBoai cjiob^i bbbi bhabo, BunajE bcI tpa rxacHBa); 
noAP(SBflMi otfpasoE'B cospaB^eBO pyccs. enAHd%y npoHcmoAfliee 
E8% ^inb-cvriiAAi. Cp. h ceptfca. 9^ (boibi), ^pH (qepsBl), 

ni^ ( Bonii BapoA^X ^P^ {^f>)i ^^^ (EEriySBaai) pod (poA- 
CTBo) H np. 

FascBOTpftBie cjiobi, o6pa80BaBHBX% noepeACTBOH'b cj^^hkcobi 
vb eiBBBBCBEXi iiBBKaxi, paeBaABeTCB BBABi wcte: J) Oioaa, 
osaflqEBaDBiurcfl aa iaochuh^ II) Gioaa ci ey^^f^i^^Uf boto- 
pBxi ocBOBBflie eocTaajiiiDrb cotAacHUH. 

I. 07ft«HB0B, OOGTOanilB E81 riiOBBXl. 

Basi vh ocTanBBXi ibao - eBpoaelcBEX'B bbbsbxi^ ThXh h 

B!B CXaBBBCBEXl^ 8TE Cy^^EBCB JiliOMXM EB TpE BBTerOpiE, OflO- 

Tpa BO BHpaxaeioI hie raacBofl: a^ i^ u. 



[ 



381 



L Gy«oHRoi -a. 



§ 149. Gy^HBCb -a o^paayen cavHB iRoroqHCJieHHHl pas- 
pMi% cJiOBi H pacoaAaeTCfl na rpn OTA'&ia^ ciOTpii oo. toxj, 
ofipasyen Ji eymecTBHTOJibHUir mh npHjiaraTejiBHUJi lysecsaro, 
seHcsaro, mh cpeAHaro po^a; b^ nepBovi cjiy^at on nepe- 
xoAHTi Bi -I, BOTopoe BO Bctxi HBHsaxi ciaBUHCKHXi (sa 
leunqeHieii jipoBHO-tfojirapcBaro i pyccKaro) Hcqesjio Aaxe m 
DpaBonBcafliH (oTBOCHTejiBHO poAa wb cjpoBaxi c% 0thii orob- 
laeieHi BHKasHX'b HeBinqeBiS He BaMtTHo), RO BTopon bi -a 
(sa OAHHMi jHmB HCBiDqeHieMi lixi ciobi, soTopHB, oBBaqaii 
ui^a lyxecBaro nojEa, ne Moryn npeACTaBJATb cymeerBHTOJiB- 
HHXi soHCKaro poia), b% TpeTBOHi Bi (o6pa30BaHflHfl no- 
cpeACTBom cy^^HKca -le cymecTBHTOJibBua ae DpBHHisanTi cdab, 
Tasi-BaKi -le ho npeAcraBJiiien HSMiHeBHaro cy^^HSca -a, a 
cyji^HBCB -ja). 

§ 150. I. Bi ApeBHe-tfoirapcBon b8bb*6 a='k, sasi okoh* 
unie, otfpasynntee cyn^ecTBHTOJiBHUii lyxecBaro poAa. 

OBOHqanie npBCTaBJifleTCfl n HeBBitBeHBOHy Bopni), hjih rjac- 
Hur BopoHHaB noABopraeTCfl noA'Beiy; bi BopHBii, oKaHqBBan-' 
niHifCK Ba rJiacHyDy o6aBHOBeHHO opHcoeAHHueTCB DpatfaBoqooe j, 
BJiH v; Bi nepBOMi cjyqat -% bbbi ey^ij^HBci, B!B BOfli^ft ho 
TepnvTCir, a BcinaAaen. Cioaa, o6paBOBaflHUB nocpoACTBOMi atoro 
oKOHqaHiB, npHflaAJiesaT'B bo^tb BCBJiDqflTejiBflo bi nepBocTenea-* 

HHH'B. 

* -^ npHCTaBJiiieTca b% npocTOBf HeHBitfleBBOBj Bopni): oA-i 
iEfj>), Bop. jad—adf caBCKp. ad (<xftcTB»; iiA-i=<xqTO ftcTi, 
eosHpaen»); npu-KAOA-i (npHBipx), Bop. kma- (pyccs. KAOcnth, 
npoHcmeAiBee hsi *BjiaA-TH, bbct. ap. KJiad-y, AP*-tfoir. kaaa-x); 
auiB-'L (zhb-oB), Bop. Uv, nepBoaaq. *giv, eaacBp. giv (xbtb); 
Na-ii6T-'b (flaxen, marepi), Bop. met, rjiar. uec-TH, isi *met- 
ti (Bjiflaien pacnoAo6jieaiii| ep. Miec-tnu, ao uem-y); nev-i 



382 cy9«0Koi -a bi oiab. fl8HKix*i.§ 149. 

(aapi), nepBonaq. Kop. pak, csp, pac (sapETb); RH^-ti (poWt 

copTB), cKp. Kop. vid (BHAin); iiio\ii-*l (mysii), aop. sum, 

n^oBcxosijkeEiay no BceB BtpoflTHOCTH, SBjRonoApasaTejiLHaro, cp. 

h4ii. sum-men, st^m^en (syssaiB, ry Atn); ^ou-i (aohi), sop. 

dam, cp. JiaT. dom-us, CBp, dam-a; no-Ton-i (noToirb), Kop. 

iop, cp. qemcK. top'iti, -tdp-eti, pycca. mon-umh; la-nof^-'k 

(sanaAx), Kop. j?ad (naAaiB), cp, cKp, pat (oaAaTB), rpe^. TTer- 

Bi ^/Vra? (—Vz-^fT-a); np%-Kon-i (poKb), ^emcK. prl-kop, 

Kop. Kon (pHTB, KonaTB), cp. rpeq. >co7r-r-«; AOBpo-p€K-i 

(spacHop'bqHBBB), sop. p6K, nepBOHaq. "^rak, rpeqeca. ^cck b'b 

^K'8^0' (myMHHfl, ({ojitjihbhB); oy-TeK-i^ (6tri), Kop. T€K, an 

nep^OHaq. *tak, cp. Ap.-tfasTp. tak-a ((J4aamiB), <a%A-ma (cko- 

pHV, chjibhhB), jihtobck. tdk'OS (TponHBBa); no-TBOp-i (ue- 

Beia), Kop. nop=tvar, cp. AP*~<$aKTp. pacniHpeHHQB sopeHB 

thivar-eg (cep'b^aTB, o6pa80BaTBi> — rA^ ( bbjk^ npH($aBoqBHl(, 

Justi, Handb. 142, a); €X-c%a-i^ (<xcociA'^x>y ($yKB. «con-sideiisx>), 

Kop. C1&A- sed (co({cTBeflHO Bi siiaqeHiH vcHAiTB^, ho Bnpaxaen 

BAtCB c&opte ccsHTBX)) — 8a nepBOHaqajiBHyK) $opMy aoisho cjft- 

AOBatejiBHO npRHiiTB ""sam-sad-a; sor-'b (tfori), nepB0($HTH. Kop. 

hhag, Kasi bhxoahti hs'b cpaBHeHia cb caHCsp. hhag-a (6on — 

co6cTB. anoAaTejiB))), Rop. hhag (diyidere, adipisci), Ap.*($aBTp. 

bagha, sop. baz (AaBaTB, pasAi^ifliB); fifiV'^L (AOJriB), h31 

oepBoaaq. npeAnoiaraeiiaro RopHic *dargh, ROTopal hosho bos- 

CTaHOBHTBi ocHOBQBaflCB Ha caHCsp. dirgh-a, h rpeq. iohjrxfi-, 

TaRi-RaRi B'B TeMaxi o($ohx'b cJiOBi 0({HapyxBBa6TCfl RoneqEaii 

npHAHxaTeiBHafl^corjtacaafl; uibB-i (moBi), ^^^* ^^y ^P* caHCsp. 

8%v (dihtb), Jiai. Bop. SU' (h3i *siu-, sa BunycBOMi %); Kxc-i^ 

(RycoRi), otfpasoBaHO BtpoflTHO Hsi llcand-a, Rop. kand-, cp. 

iMTOBCB. kdnd'U (a Rycaro), anyACR. Jfcam?-wZa-s (sepHo), cp. 

caHCRp. khinda (RycoRi, toctb); Kir-i (tftri, 64rcTBo), Eop. 

BW-, CRp. Ihug (crH({aTB, rayTB), lai. fug; cvmlii-i (co(5pa- 

Hie), pyccR. ce-iim^ qemcR. s-nem- npoHaonuo wh *san-jam- 



I 



oTftoiKoi -"L Bi AP«-BOir. AS. § 149. 383 

ii=*8am-jain-8y nop. jam (b^b SHaqeniH ocbshtb, ($paTB»), AP«- 
tfoir. u-TH (h81 *J6m-ti), cancsp. jam ((tpaTb, BazBaTHBan) 
-N BBjs'B npH($aBOTOuB (CpaBH. TpaMM. L § 98, 314). 

j EiH V BCTas-iflDTCfl Mesxj BopieHi H oEOBqaeieHi: va(>o- 
AVH, H8i- ^f^'^-j-'Ly sop. A'Ky paBHADmiBcii 00 8Ha^6BiK) paemB- 
peHflOMy Ai^'ATH ((KA^JiaTBi patfoian); iiioco-A%H; xpa-H^ hsi 
*Kpa-;;-i (no UHUomHqy on Kopea Kf^a ascindere» — cp. qemda. 
hrd-j-etiy pyccK. fcpo-wwb^; CTa-B-i (cocTasi), Kop. cw-, cv 
GTA-B-x (cocTaai); npn-nve-'L (n%Bie)i sop. niL (niiB) h np. 

( npOBSBOACTBO CJ. GTa-B-l On CTdB-HTN^ BVbCTO OTl DpOCT. 

CTA- fleiBsa onpaBAaxBy laK^-KaBi obo npoTBBopibvBT'b enocotfy 
o^pasoeaHia cjiobi, bbkI) npH-n%-B-i, b np., fa^ b oBasHBaeica 

flOeOMHtaBOI) BCTaBBoB). 

2. ClOBay B^b BOTOpHXXy BB'bCTft Cb CJ^^BBCOB'B -"b, OSaSHBa- 

eTCB noA'BOB'b KopeuBoS rjacHoB (h jcBJBBaeTca bi oh, BBorAa 

H Vb %y € Bl 0, ^ Bl U, Oy, U B*b OB, « Bl A, A Bl JB): 

a^ CiOBa CI cy^^^BKcoM'B -"l h c% y cHJieflHon nacBoB h: hokoh 
(BBpi), sop. KH, csp. Qt (jiesBTB), JiaT. qui'^ ep. qui-es (cno- 
soBcTBie), rpeq. ksI' m %si -/xocs (Jiesy), ep. cHarqeBBoe -yh- 

Vb nO-YH-BATH (OTAHXBTB BOWBaTB); HO-BOH (aOBBSSa), ^d-BOH 

(spyri, SBBBTOB^X Kop. BH (bbtb); thoh (rfloB), sop. THH, vmv. 

THH-TH, cp. B THH-ili; AOH (<KCajIO, TyKld, qOfllCB. li4J=loj)^ KOp. 
AH (jBTb), rJiar. ilH-TH=ilH-U-TH^ Al-GR; ^^,1'% (llBtTOBl), BOp. 

i|BLT (rjiar. i|bhc-th, i|blt-x) ocj[a6jieHi b BSBiaeB^B bbi hmt 
(aajiop* Ksim-Ka^ qemes. Jcvit-eTc), caacsp. qvU (6urh (StJinux), 
OTTyAB QvBt-a (6tiuB); mn-'L (s^ceB), rjiar. abn-nn (ji&ByTb), 
Bop. abn=cBp. lip (MasaTb, BaHaaHaaTB), jmr. lin-ere E^'b^lip- 
nere (rpeq. a-A^/^-o)); cbu-i (cBtT^b)/ rjar. CBbT-nn, sop. 
CBbT- (c6jiflsaeTca ci ycoMBflyTtiH'b i|BbT). MHBJoniflq'B (Bildnng 
der Nomina im Altslovenischen, cTp. 11) npflBOABirb b mc-i-rb 
(necos'b), ci yaeBBmBTejibBHB^B -K*b, EOTopoe o^'Bacflaen bb:b 
KopB. nbc (pacTBpaTB, pasApotfaan), cooTBiTCTByDnviro wb la- 



S84 oy««RROi -a bi oiabith. iisEiKAXi. % 149. 

BOHi sHaqeHiR caHcsp. pis (paaxpotfjijm)^ jar. pis-ere^ pins^ 
ere (rojLon^ kojiothts). 

h) cjioBa CB ycHJie&BHMi 6 Bi Kopai: nitOT-i (csat^opi^, qemcs. 
^?oi^, rjiar. niiec-TH (hbi *nA€T-TH), aop. nnei, cp. jrat. |}?ec<- 
ere, xpoBHe-Htii. fleht-an (rpeqecu. ^Ai^c-e/v); cx-Aor-l (cyn- 
pyrx), Bop. A6r (jresaTb), cp. rjiar. A6ui-th (h3% ^leg-H)^ AAr-x 
(iflry), OTi Toro-xe RopHfl DpoHexoARTi: s^A-Aor-i C^ajion), 
nptAVAor-!L (npejjron); bi-boa-i (bboa*), war. bcc-th (hs-b 
*i)ed'U) B6A-X; Bop. bga; CL-BOp-i (co($paHie), Bop. sep (sep-Xy 
Beonp. Bpa-TH)y jibt, /er-, rpeq. tp^f-, CRp. hhar; H^-BOp-ii 

(bJID^'B, HCTO^HHICl), Rop. Bcp {t% HepeCTaBJeHHOl) H HSVt- 

seHHoi) riacHoK bi aeonpeA. HaRi. Bpn-TH, l-e ni^. BpK), 
cp. qemcB. vri'ti^ npiq. vrou-ci (ropaqil), var-id (sRnaniiR), 
oepBOBaq. aop. vat; pOK-i (onpeA^JieHHoe BpeHH, cpOBi), sop. 
p6K, nar. peiu-TH, peK-x; OT-pOK-i (uajii»qRBi, njrbHHHK'B, paSx), 

ROp. p6K (crOBOpHTB^;* HO-TOK-^ (p^Ba), ROp. T6K: TeUI-TH, 

T6K-X R81 oepBOBaq. tah; rpoM-i (rpoMi) rpiLM-rpeu-, cp. pyccR. 
%peMnmh^ oepBoaaq. gram (cBp. bhram); npu-HOC-'b (npRBomeHie, 
sepTBa), Bop. Hec : H6C-th (npH-Hec-Tu); rpoe-i (aorRJia), sop. 
rp6B- (aeonp. rpe-TH bsi ^greb-tif BacT. ap. rpeE-x), oepBOHaq. 
grahh-^ ( aarjio-caBC. graf-a/n^ BopACB. graf-a^ totcb. grab-on); 
po^-AoP'^ (pacROJii), Bop. A^p- (rjiar. A^P~'> f^^^-^th). 

OJio&a c'h ycHJieHHoo BopeBHoio rJiacBol \: XKO^y'L (rjiyioB), 
Bop. TAV (cp. TAUC-a «myMXi>y co6cTB. ocqro onymaeTiv); 
coyji-'L (cfxofi)^ Bop. cVi I'Ji&r. cu-nxth (coiayTB), cap. sop. 
Qus; npOHUp-i (xyAoe, aexopomee), Rop. H'bp-, cp. NUp-HBi 
(HexopomiSy BeroAHHB)) HUp-ieHHie (sadjyxAORio)* 



^ no CHbicjy H caoco6y 06pa3OBaHui aro cjobo coeepoieHBO coena^aen cb 

vemcK. he^nduv^ne, aat* in-Jam Tarb-xaicB OT-, bi» laqecTB'B npeAJora, BM-fierb 

34'BCb sHaqeHie 0TpBiiaTe4iiH0e9 y^lUAiomee, sarb BOo6a{,e h m coBpeiieHiiurb cjuh 

I BflHCKHX'b nauKaz'byCp. pyccK. om-^Meamfr, omejieMb, omdntjumbcn^ omKoaambfOmr 

I poda, coi^CTB. 6es3a6omHocmb, cp. pad'nntb, om*MnHumb, omKpbunb m np. ). 



cy^^AflKCb -I. § 150. 385 

ycHJieiHoe BopoHHoe u: pOB-i (pos'L, KiHasa), Kop.|iiJ (|^u* 
Th), no-KpOB-i (aospsBaJiOy inaTepii BpHioa), nop. k(^u (icpu- 
th; He ycueHHafl sopeHHaii rjEaeeafl OKaaiiBaeTCfl bi no-Kpu-Bib 
«BpBflia»); -OB- BA'ieb CTOHn BiteTOoy, Tasi-saicb y au Hstfi- 
zaflifl suiHiii, BCJiixoTBie cjiftAyiomeB rjiacHoB ^l, nepexoAHn bi b. 

GjioBa ci ycueHHHMi KopeHRHMi %: OE-po^-i^ (JiHito), Kop. 
pvn {vMv. ptu;-aTH, naCT. Bp. p%»-x); hi-ms^-'l (anxoA'b), sop. 
A^-, TJiar. A%c-TH (bh. *lh'ti)f ai^-x. 

Gi ycHJieHflsui'b hocobeimi as: m;i;t-i^ ( (JesnoKoSeiBOi ciyoie- 
Hie), Bop. MAT (rAar. mac-th, m% ^ment-ti, mat-;s <xcMyiitaD»); 

€1-B;R^-*L (CBflSB, nOBASBa), BOp. BA^-: BA^-ATH (<i(BA8aTBX>, CBp^ 

bandh)^ ba»-x; cx-npxr-i («HrO| cynpyri», Tose cii-npxr-i)| 
Bop« npAr- npAiu-TH^ npAr-x: ci-npAUi-TN «8anpAqB», cp. npw- 
AO (noTJifl, cuoBi); Tiui-i (TynoH)i Bop. tah- b np. 

3. -A BABi cyj^ij^HBci DepBoeTeneHHH8| BnpaxaDnpB cyn^ecTBH- 
•rejBHHA soHCBaro poAa, cooTBixcTByeT^B nepBOHamibHoiiy aoa- 
roxy d H npHciaBJifleTCA b'b bopbahi TasHHi-se otfpasox'Bi bbbi 
-i^ noABepraA BopeHHHB rxacHHfl pasunx'B EBM^HeHiaxii hxe 

OOTaBAAfl HX'B (SeSli H3HtH6fliB. El CIOBaUl, BOTOpUXfB BOpOBBBA 

iJiacBHB ocTBAHCB HeflSMtaeHflBSH, npBHaAAexaxi Hanp. ;a-bha-a 
(sabhctb), Bop. BHA (bbaAtb), 6p. JiBT. in-vid-ia (hs'b -vid-ja c% 
TaEExi-se BopBOHi); 2K6H-A (axoHay seB^BHan), co($CTB« «pos- 
AaDqaflD), sop. 3K€H cooTBtTCTByeii caBCsp. gan (poabtb), mt. 
B rpeq. gen; no-AOB-A (npflJiBqie, (Sjiaroodpasie), Bop. a^b, cp. 
lemcB. dob -a (apexa), pyccB. y-doC-HuH^ no-doG-ief ab« 
TOBCB. dab'snus (spaeBBHB), on dab-lnti (yspamaTB); tlm-a 
(TOMHOTa), Kop. TbMy cooTBi^TCTBydTi ApoBH. tam^ cp. CBp. tam- 
as (TeinoTa), lar. ten-ebraCf bb. *tem-ebrae, h pycB. moM-umt; 
npH-cAr-A (npBcara), Bop. CAP, rjiar. CAr-NXTH (pacTBHyxB, npo- 
TAByTB), qemcB. sdh-nou-ti; EMf^-a (BxacTb, rocnoACTBo), sop. 
BiidA npoBsomeji'B BCJitACTsie nepecTaeoBSfl H3'b vcdd, cp. totcb. 
vald'on (cb yABoenfloiD ij^opBoS b:b npomeAfliOM'B BpexeHB: vai- 

25 



S86 OIOBOOBFlSOBAHiS B% OlAB. ff8BKiX*b. § 150. 

vdd)^ XpeBHe-Htit wdt-an; ^Koyn-a (^ama), sop. Koyn (MUd. 
Lex. 822). 

npHHipH, &*& BOTopBXi BopeHHai riacHai noxBepraeTci iiox%- 
exj: poyA-A (MeTajin), Rop. piA (^^htb KpacHHXi): pi^'i^H ci 
(BpacHiTi>)| ^emcK. rdUi se, CEp. rudh-ira (apacHHi, spoBB); 
yk-KOV'!k (sajrori)! ROp. aer; E%A-a (HeotfxoAHxocTB, HenpaBOCTB^ 
onacHOCTB), Rop. BHA, ep. o-6HA-a (nenpaBoeTB, o((0Aft)— 8Ton 

BOpeHB ei ((OJIBmOX) BtpO£THOCTBK> HatorB OCBOBaHiey TOSAOCTB«H- 

Eoe CB caHCRp. Z)%i(2 (sojiotb, a^JIBtb), lar. /en({ bi of-fend- 
ere (otfazaTB), npoHcmeAineHi hbi *ob-fend-; noAvnop-a (uo:i-> 
nopa), Rop. nep ( ROTopiiB bi HsiiHeHHOxi bha^ ORasEiBaoTca n 
-npnu^ pycR. -^epemt); BOie-eoA-a (Boefla^ajiBHiiRi, wz/k npex*- 
eiaBiaerB HCRJii)<iBTej[BHo cy^ecTBHTejiBHoe xyseeRaro poAX, oaxa- 
^ax nno cooTBiTCTBeHBaro noia)^ Rop. B6a (BecTx) -Eef^-x; 
OY-TB^c-a (yTftraeHie), Rop. th;c, cp. npeiarat. th;c-i (oy-THui- 
ATH «yT6maTB»); A'^B-a (<KA^BB]]ia, a^bb*, co((6tb« « tfjiecTxniax », 

T. e. <iCRpaC0T0H)9 10J10A0CTBDX» X Dp.), ROp. fi,H^ (dxeCTtTB, ci- 

xtb), cp. caBCRp. div ((>jiecTtTB), ^emcR. div (^yAo); cmb-x (cxa- 
Ba), Bop. CAoy (cxHBiaTB)^ esp. (rf^y cp. rjiar. caoy-Tu («cjihtb» 
— riaroxi flpHBxxi SBaqeHie BOsapaTHoe), caoy-THie (cjiaBa). 

MesAy Bopaexi, oRaB^iBBanmHicx aa -a, b cy^^BBcoxi a cra- 
BKTCX XBorAa b: noA^-CTA-B-a (ocHOBaBie, xoAcraBRa), Rop. 
CTa (rxaroia ^noAVCTABHTH bi AP^Bse-t^ojir. xsHRft b^tx); o-u- 
B-a (xaroBopx, ^hfu), Rop. sa, cp. pyecR. o-0a-iime, qeflicR. 
M:j'ka (cRasaa). 

OoXBBTeXBBO, XOSBO ^B OTBOCBTB ClDAa BOBeqHOO -O (RBRI 

cy$$BRCi)y ROTopoxy npeAmecTByeTi ^hcthB xopeflB, ORaxqaaa- 
DmiBex xa rjiacHya); sanp. aio^o-A%-ii (((jyAHHi^a), xop. f;t (cap. 
dhd); CTpoy-H (te^eBie, TORi),=stru-ja- Rop. cTpoy-, aaacTaa- 
RoB 8y($BoB corjiacBoBy cooTBircTByeTX nepBoaa^ajiBfloxy sru, cp. 
caBCRp. sru (to^b), cyqecTB. srd-tas (ptaa, leqeoie), rpeq. ^-ai 
(Teay), bbi V^^-; KpiTO-pu-n (apon), Rop. pu (parB). B% 



oy^fKcoB -I, -0. § 150. 887 

Bnn H noAoiuBTh cioBan soHevHoe n esopte ot^iireHxeTci ub% 

OCHCBHBUCB Ift aBaJloriH BTOpoS BCTaBO^HoS nojijrjia6HoI v^ ■ 

SAiu^fr B*b y MosBo jeiaTpHBars ^ictjd BCTaBsy. 
Mesxy cjioBaiK ci OBOBqaHieMi -1L ecn h xaBifl, soTopHir VHorxa 

OTMqaDTCB XBOflSHMH 4^0pHaU — OAHOD CI yCHJI6HB0Dy a XPyPOO 

CI HeHsiliHeBHOD sopeHHOD rJiacBoH; Tasi yoorpetfjiiiDTai: niier-i, 
spoit niiOT-!L (aatfopi), qemcs. j^Io^ (cDxa-se npHiHsaeTi pyces. 
nAom-una); T6R-*L h tok-1 (ctftrii toki^ — cp. h pycca. -^noK% 
vbeoc-mamnn ^bvci-tok-^a); no - KA€n-ii h no - Kiion-i (no* 
spHinsa), Bop. Kiien- (cp. qemcs. po-Jdop-iti, pri-ldop'Ui cno* 
apBTB, apHKpEiTb»); 0-M6T-1 (otfmBBsa, RaiHa), h o-mot-i, Kop. 
m6t; BpoMt ^-\ cbA-i (cTina) BCTpiwaTea Tose ;ha-i (inyifL). 

Ki cy^ij^HKcy -a npHHax^esBTi rasse BeiBoroqicJieHHEiB pas* 
pflA'B cxoBi Ha -Oy BBpaxaDn^Hxi cyqecTBETeibHHfl cpexRiiro 
pOAa; -0 coBBaxaeT'B c% caBCfcp. ^am^ KOTopoe eapaxaen cpex** 
BU cyn^ecTBHTejBHnx bi HieHHTCJiBHOHi naACzt^ npeACraBJiiD* 
.B^en co($CTBeHHO BBHHTejiBHHH; caHcsp. 'om OTBt^aen mt. -um, 
rpeq. -ov : nr-o (bfo), cap. jug-am (oti aopH. ju^ <x 8aHpiiraT&, 
C06AHHJiTLx>)y JiaT. jug-ufiij rpeq. ^vy-oy; ApHB-o (xepeBo), Bipo- 
jtbo on Bop. drUf ecjH npHHBTb vb coo($paseHie aHajiorii) fotcb. 
triu (jLopcBo), rpeq. i^v-g (po^. <^fu-0F «Ay($i9 XopeBO»)y s 
eaHCBp. e^n^-ma^; mam-o (hojobo), Rop. mauc, cpaBH. Jiai. mulg'- 
ire ( aobtbX b 2ac (ioioro), npoBcmexmee BipoBTHO lai Woe, 
roTCB. mi{e«2;-s, ap* -Bti. mUuh; ^oyjc-o (anune, ToaapiA, 
€o6cTB. ccABHSHMOCTBD — JlfiiftlosicAy Bild. d. Norn. 16 X on 
BopB. piAic, cp. pyccB. pyx-Mdbf h pyx-uymh ( HOBorpef. ^ou%-oy 
«njaTBe» aaBvcTBOBaBo). 

Si BTOiy-se pa3pBAy upBBaAxezan HiaoTopHB cjiOBacoiEH- 

1 AP"^"^ MOXHO oTBocBTb H rb caHCKp. c/^r-M ( lignam ); vb vuBom cjyqaft 
KOpaeirb osaauiiaeTCA dar (pacKaiUBaTb), Ap*'6air. ffi^'j cp. A^p-6-Tb 

26* 



888 GlOBOOBPABOBiHIE Bl 02iB. flSBB. §§ 150— -15L 

T6J[BHaro OTHOCHiexBHO ey^^HBca npoBczosxeHia: nep-o (nepo), 

KOTOpOe HHKJIOmH^'b npOHBBOAHTl OTl KOpH. Hp- ( TO eCTB ptT^^^ 

par); ne CHorpfl he Tasoe npoHaso^^CTBOi nep*o Hoxen cocto- 
jiTB vh CBffsn ci rpei. Ture-^ov (caHCsp. jMZ-jra=j?a<-fra«RpH-. 
20 x)), ecjH npoADOJiaraTB BQnynieBie t (bi TaKOHi cjijqat Eop- 
Hei'B ABJiaeTca pat^ rpev. ^^r : Trh-o/jLai); ci Apyrotf CTopo- 
BH Bi noJiBsy npoFSBOACTBa HHUoiDirqa roBopflrb BtoOTop&e 
rjraroJiH, nanp. pyccs. nap-umh^ nop-x-bmh^ qemcs. pr-ch-ati 

E Dp* n Bl CJHOBi nHBO (aHBO) TpjAHO OBpeA^JHTB HaCTOBntil 

xapasTepi upHCTaBJiiieHaro ey^^crsca; HnuornHqi otfiseRflen ero 
BBi BopHii piv H npncTaBieHnaro si eeiy ocoHqaflia -o. Ko- 
poBB 9Toro ciOBa ecTB pi (cooTB-bTCTByDn^ee nepBOHa^aiBHOHy pa^ 
CBp. pA)^ cy4)4^HBC'B -t;^; wh noiBsy OToro otfiJiCHeBifl roBopnTi 
cjioBa, cocTaBjeflHua cb OBOflqaHieix -w bx ciaBflBcsHXi asH- 
saxi, cp. ^emcK. Uad-i-vo (hojiotori); strd-i-vo (aHyHHqia); 
noiBCB. mi'Wo (saTBa), Ap.-($ojir. sapH-BO (citeTHoe), npA^'H-BO 
(nojiBCB. pr0§dzi'WOf pyccs. npHd-Mo) e up. HanpoTBBi, caacsp. 
BopoBB pd («nHTbx>y ep. laT. Ubo) pacBiBpaeTca vb cnpazeBis 
Vb pib'9 piv (BJiiflBieai yABoeaifl), lasi - ^to m nuBO lozao 
npoADOiaraTB pacmapeBHEiB EopeaB h npiiBHaTB aa cy^^aan 

OAHO TOJIBSO -0. 

Eaai h% ApeBB6-5ojirapcicon, Taai a wh coBpea6^H^x^ cu- 
BaacKHX'b asHsaxi ey^^aacB -a (b% DpaBOAeflBHX'B rpexi aa- 
Toropiaxi, onpeA'b'iaeaux'b pasia^iei'L poAa) ot^pasyoTB aecBaa 
HHoroTOCJieHBuB paspaA'B cyniecTaaTejibHnx'B , aas'B bbaeo hs^ 
DpEBeAeasHXi aase npaHtpoBi. 

§ 151. BTopocTenoHDEia: cxoBa, oaaawBaDa^iaca aacy^BKCB 
a, npoHcxoABTi qaqe acero BCJtACTBie cjioseaia AByxi apo- 
CTHX'B cjiom, xoTa H B'B Tasoai ciyqat aeptASo aeoBaa TpyAHO 
pimBTB — npaeaAJieiRflTi jr cjobo ei paBpaAy nepBaqaaxi em 
BTopaqsHxi. MesAy npaHipaiiv^ soropHe, no BceB BtpoaTEOCTa, 
npoACTaBJiiiiOT^B <i KaKi cyij^cj^aaci BTopocToneaaHB, aosao Bpa- 



ovftftHBoi -> § 151. 389 

MCTi cjtAjoniio : mhjio - c|iia ~ ^ ( MHJiocepxHB ), on c^yi/L - 1|6 
(cepAiie)t Tf/b BopeBHHHt cjiofomi osasHBaeTCfl cpy^- (cp. Jiax. 
cord-f rpeq. x(»^J^-, cicp. hrd- vb hrd-aja)^ TorAa xasrb -i|e 
npeACTaBJiflen osOHqaeie yxeBBinHTejibHoe; hho-yaa-Ii (HHivqil 
OAHoro cHoa), oti yaao (chhi, ahta), EOTopoe, cjah do SBjq- 

HOl 3;($E0B, ABJIIKeTCII 3aHXCTB0BaHHHH% BB'b TOpMaBCK. flBHSa, 

cpaBH. ApoBfle-fltM. Und (Lottner, Ausnahmen d. ersten Laut- 
Yerschiebungy Zfitschrift, XI. 173), Kop. gan^ csp. gan (po- 
AiTb); yiLCTO-:;piH-'b ( BMton^iB ^acTHfl, rycTHi sepaa), on 
^liio (sepno); :^o-YbCTi (sjio^octhuS), on vbCTb (qecn); 

UI€CTO-KpHA-!L (ei HieCTBlD KpHi(BJi»H)| On Kf^HAO (KpQJIo). Hh- 

uomB^ii (Bildnng der Nom. 16) npHBOAnn h o-riUB-!L (o($poTB, 
BOAoysAOBi), BOTopoe yse tfojiie oombhtojibbo. 

[npuMfbH. mjioSxepi, Gompcnd. n. B3a. 383—84, bo ao- 
nycBaen SBa^eBia npEBOABHsx'B MuBJioniBqeHi, Bild. d. Nom. 

14 — 15, CJIOBl, BBK^ CJIOBl, Bl BOTOpHM^B flpBCOeABBHeTCB BTO- 

pocTeneflflHB cy4^j»BBCi -i (a)^ bo OTBocan cdab BpBTBsa- 
TejBBHB npBjaraTejiBBEiB na -ob1i| npoBcmoABiifl on ocbobi Ba 
-u (Hanp. cuH-oBii, bsi npeABOJiaraeMoB bhb ap^bb. $opia 
"Isnna-ya-s, on mnu = ciiNi); bo cJOBa, saai yacto-:;P*lh-1i, 

HNO-TAA-l H flp., 6ABa*JIB AOnyCBBOn COHBtBiB OTBOCBTOJIBBO 
BTOpOCTeneBBOCTB Cy$({)BBCa -l, TaBl-SaRl BTOpaB UGTB yBOMB- 
ByTHXl CJIOXBHZl CJIOBl Vb BOBe^BOMl -I BOBCe BO 0($BapySBBa6Tl 

ey^^HBca uepBoeieBeBaaro, a Apyrifl OBOBqaaiB, Tasi Basp. 

-YA4I OTHOCBTCfl Bl CyflieCTBflTeJIBBOHy YAAO, COCTOBB^eHy Bl Tftc- 
BOl CBB8H Cli AP*-HtH. Ufit^ Ufid^ B BBOtfjBqaD^eBy BOp. YA = 

ibn, flepBOBaq. gan {rffi — ta DpeAcraBJiBen oseaqaBie spsqa- 
CTiB DpomeABiaro BpeBOBB); APJi^oe cjiobo -;piHi otbocbtcb b^ 
cyfl^ecTBHTOjiBBOBy yfumo = zm. grano-^ soiopoe bo BopaD cob- 
naAaen cb caBcsp. ^ar (apo($btb, pacTBparB), bo $opBft c'b 
BpaqaerioHi apom. Bpei. crpaABT. saiora: ^r-na^ Taai-HTO :;pii-HO 
(cp. H rOTCB. kaur-n) mknn cotfciB. <xcoBtrltQQL»; -vbcn 



890 Oy«ftHBGH Bl €JIAB. fl3BBiXl. § 151. 

npexcTaBuen Toze npiiqacTie npomexmaro BpeieaH (eyniecTB. 
TbHTTb^ <cqeen»9 CToan Bifteio ^t-tl), on Kopn. mf (cp. 
VHC-rL, 181 *THT - TLy rp6*i. Kotd'CL^O" ccqHCTaB, ^eCTHsBt, csp. 
Qudh ttUCTHTbCJix), npHV. Quddha <xo9Hii(eHHHHy wcth8») k np.]. 
B% CHJiy BTHii eoo($paseHiI Mozen cb nojiHon ocHOBaDieii 
npHBHiaTB Bi jnoiaHyTBXB cJiOBaxx -ih sa cy(I)(|^HBCi BTopocre- 
neBHHB. Bi npoiaxi cjiaBBBCKHX'b asuaaxi BcrptqaDTca cxos- 
BHa, otfpasoBaHBHfl TaBHHi*se nyren eiOBa, ci BTopfl^HHK'b -i, 
cp. Hanp. H8i pyccB. aausa: nycmo-cjibe'^f npoHcxoAauiea orb 
CMeo (sop* CAff'); caM0-6phfm^ on 6pafmy sop. bar (cap. 
(Aar aeecTB, DOAJiopsHBaTB»); do4M'nip'%, on nej^d; icoj^omm- 
l>di« (syveai: branchycerus); sAamo-eAiLCh^ on ^joc? (boioci)i 
sop. vol ^=^ vat (aoKpnaaTb); eepmo-n^^m^ on npam (qiub); 
dMmo-2)cm«| on ycmh^ ep. caBcap. ^I(^ (ry((a), cMnu-doM%y 
on dojK^ H np. Eisi bbaho, bi Tasaxi cJiozBHX'b caoaaxi y- 
Aapeflie xezan sa riacBoB rJiaBBaro aopoBBoro cjoaa. 

IIpiiaipH m qemcaaro 4i8HKa: hole-Uav (poAi pacTeHia: tft- 
meBBiia, tfoiarojiOBi), on Uaoa (rojoaa); lidu-mtL (qeJoaliBo- 
iDtfei^iy $uaBTpon*B), on npHur* mxly (xkahB, AoporoB), saai 
ysa Bitflo K3i> lidu («BapoAy»), npeACTaBJiinoniaro xarejiBBBi 
Hax. on lid (napoAi), TorAa-sasi rjiar. mUovati (.td^htb) rpe- 
tfyon BflflBTOXbHaro; hracho-kam (DHaoian), on kam (saieHB); 
druho'tisk (nepefleqaraBaflie ), on tisk (aeqaraHie); dobro-druh 
(yAaieifB, npoBAOxa, 6pojira), on druh (Apyn); dhuho-vlas 
(aojifoboiochH), on vlas; roho-nos (aocopori), on noa (aoci) 
I npoq* 

VLvb flo;iBCBaro asHsa: czerwon-ogon (ropaxBOCTsa) , on o- 
^ofisqemcK. ohon (xaocn), sop. gon- n. gnac; morao-lia 
(xopcaax iBcii^a), on lis (jtBCHi^a); troj-aqh (rpesytfei^i), on 
0qh (8y6i); czarno-gardl (poAi iitbi(b), on gardlo (mea); 
czamo'jsiem (=q6pfl039Hi)| on ^^mia (sexjia) ; Se^-sen (($es- 
coflBBi(a)| on sm (cobi), cap. svapna. Bi hogo-sMw (6oro- 



07««HR0l -lb Bl P700B, il3HK. § 162. 891 

MOB!) '8t6w OTHocHTCfl s^b Fjarojij 'ShtciS (<cB03Bft]qan| npo- 
noBtAHBaTB»), a ne si cyn^eeiB. siowo. 

§ 162. GiOBa CB nepBocTeneEHHii cj^^HseoHi -i bi pyc- 
tsowh flag fit. 

1. GjiOBa Ha -I, Bi KOTopHxi BopoHHan riacHafl ocTaoTCfl le- 
HdiftHeHHOD: n^-%pe6^ (bi SHa^eHiH acellarium^, TorAa-stB^b B'b 
xp«-($0jir. fl3HBi no-rpes-i BBpasaen <icQoxopoBH»»iemcK« 
p6hreb)y sop. pra& (nepBoe BHaqoHie (xpHTB»)y Bi ocjiadicH- 
Hon BHA'b grA; ua-Mept-z ( = niaTepi), sop. Mem (leT-y); 
y-mec-t (co($cTB. <xoTpHBOs%, onomny>, c^tq yiecaHOX)), sop. 
mec {vh CBHBH ci caHCsp. tofta^; nepe-nASm-i, sop. n4em; aa- 
ii2idc-?(, eo-npdC'Zf sop. njpoCi csp. j>rac& (cnpamirBaTB) , cp« 
laT. prec-ari; K4a^'^ (ccoEpoBHoie^y co6ctb, depositiim)| Bop, 
Mod (BJiaxy); o(^-Ad-«, Bop« i&d (h31 j'ad^od^, Heoop. itc-m* 
npoHsomio zn *jad-ti| Taai h bi cjozhhii: oajMO-i&d^i jciico- 
f&d-«y dapMO-nd-Zf ho cmejp90-^d-« (rAft 0Ba3HBa6TCfl Bopen- 
Boe HopBHqHoe a, xou c% npHCTaBJieHUHn cnepoAH i^; dojwo- 
cnd-Zf cO'Cnd'Z^ ne-no-cnid-Zf nop, cii? (jiax. sed-erCf CBp. sa(2^; 
atcueo-dSp-z^ sop. dej? (cBp, eJat' <k ApaTB^; npoHSBomeHifl yAapH- 
eiaro 6 bbbi io^ hoao^ho BaBi vh ymScz^ nepenASmz h np., 
BOBce He AOJisHO CHftmHBaTL CB ycHieHieai'b fjiechoI, Taai-BaB'B 
obo cocTBBJiflerb TOJiBBo ocotfeHHocTB BOJEHBo-pyceB. HapiqU, He 
iMiii HH^ero o6mfkvo ci noA^eMOMi cbhoB nacHoS); npu-KHs-z^ 
Ma-Klia-Zf Bop. Koa (nepBoaaq. BBaqeaie «roBopHTB», ep. qemes. 
ida-ati « nponoB'&AHBaTB, hh^tb npoBOBiA^^; pri'kdjsati — u^fE- 
BBsaTB; cfijBseBie axoro Bopna cb cancBp. kathf totcb. qithan 
BecBHE coHHHTOJiBHo; eKopfte DOAXOAHio 6u caHCBp. gahs <xpa8- 
cBasHBan, o($iiBBJiflTB», Tasi-BaBi g cooiBftTCTByeTi nepBOHaqaxB- 
HOiy k); npi-md^^ amz-nsd-t^ y-nsd-z, on war, fkd-umt^ 
Bop. nad^ EOTopHl n cbod o^epoAB npeACTaBjMen BTopH^eo 
pacBupeHBHl BopepB ja (hath) , ici BepBH^nan pacmHpeHiexi 
njach (na-amh); ooak-z^ nepBOH. Bop. varh (TepdaTB, paBHTB); 



892 Cyft^HKGH Bl OliB. IIBHfiiXl. § 152. 

do4t-«, nepBOH. sop. dargh; Ma-cdc-s, orb rxar. cac-bmh^ Rop« 
coc- (DpoEcxosx6Bi)i SBysonoApassaTeiBBaro, cp. Jiar. aug-ere); 
napO'xbd'Zj rjiar. o^od-jitmfi, Kop. xod (loxx-ae caHHS, eoto- 

pnB, TOIBRO B'B CMflrqeHHOHl BBA'by BCTp^^aeTCfl Bl af<r^4-3», 

TaB!b-KaKi 8T0 CJiOBO cospameBO Hsi *nieA-ii»); npuK-z^ rjiar, 
Kjptt^-e^mt) (Hst *KpHK-tTH); (Jn>i-», war. 6fboic-b,mh (esi *(J4r- 
4th); y''dhp'%^ Kop. dap, rjiar. y-dekp-wwt> (bi qemcB. w-def- 
ifiy H nojiiiCK. U'dera-yc ycMaTpBBaeTCfl oTSBjs'b RopeHBoro a); 
9a-icdm-s, rJiar. icam-ii&mf»; sh-cmyn-^^ Rop. cm^Tt, AP*-(^oxr. 
CTxn-HTH; uh-fnwK'^f Rop. mt^^, war. in2fc-fi2^m^ (npoHcmoA- 
miB Hsi ^THcs-HyTHi cp. Hemes. tisJc-nouti ) ; nO'elU'%f sop. 004; 
om-d^-«i rjiar. dtM-umtf^ sop. d^b^, hbi *dail, cp. totck. daU-s 
(HacTB)i cancsp. dcA-a; eped-%^ rjiar. 6[ped-um« (nepBOBa?. sop. 
Vard); eurnycK-%^ sop. nycn (soTopafi CMflr^aeTCJi wh nyem-: 
nycm-Umhy TaR!L-RaKi HesKxy CHflrqeBBHMi c h TBepjiQHi ft 
CTOBTi cpe^B. t); O'Khn'%^ sepBOB. Rop. hapy cp. jihtobcr. 
hap'd'ti (pnTB)i rpeq. o-x(xsT-r-» (poio); sa-Kdu-^^ Rop. wh 
(AftjiaTb, x^ScTBOBaTb), cp. ^emcR. kon-ati (xtJiaTby coBepmaTb), 
Xp.-tfojir. KOH-hqb (roboi^x), vi CMffr^eBBovi BHA'6A;on nepexo- 
AHn Bi cin: ^erneR. cin-i^i (A^JaTB), ceptfcR. nd-uun (cno- 
cotfi), pyccR. HUH'umt; ocAo-nciC'Zi Rop.noc (coctoht^ BiCBfl-* 
8H CB num-dm«, TaR'E-RaR'B 06a RopBn npoH3omjiH orb o((maro 
Bn pa); ad-nad-?, Rop. nadi xp«-(^Ovir. noA-ATH (bi jiaTiiHCR. 
ca(2-ere, bh^cto rytf boB vb Ropai oRasHBaeTca ropiaHHafl); c-vem-«, 
Rop. ^em- (%T-); «0H-i«^t-«, Rop. m%; euno-Kyp-Zf riar. «cj(p- 
iimt; nueo-ehp-^j sop. (^op, rjiar. eap-umh; oC-mUlh-z^ sop. 
juaMy rjiar. oC-Mau-ymh; ^pThxa-mebp-z, rjiar. m^op-eS^mv nped- 
Mhni'^z^ Rop. jMem (cp« rjar. jaec-mUf CToaqiB bh. *met-ti ; jiem- 
amft ecTB yse ^opaa c^ yciureHHOK) RopenHOiD rjacHoB, ROTopax 
Bi pyccR. cJioBt BMtcTO fb BenpaBHiBHo nHmoTCii ^lepesi e, cp. 
jip.-6oir. M«-aTH); n62?e-eji«-« , o(5«-g^-«, sa-6JK-«, eodo-SM-^y 
Bop. m^ioni (cRp. jam «6paTB» npHnyx;,aTBy saxBaTaBatBi^), 



oy^ftHBOi -i Bi pyoGB. flSHB'b. § 152. 393 

Xp.-tfojir. HM-OTH (6paTB), qemcB. "jimati^ pyccs. -H-e^jM^m* 
(nanp. Bi fia-Mtfjf^«, nejpe-fifiM^mb h up.); fcoso-ddii^ riar. 
dotimft (oepBOHaqaibHHH'B KopB6Mi OEasBBaeTCfl dhug=dughf cp. 
rpeq. dvy-clrti^ <noiB»=«w«Dtaa», cKp. duh-i-tar); Mm-^^ 
mr« jiem-niiift (a ae ^^em-o^mb, npeACTaBMiomee ycHieHHyi) ko- 
poBfljiD riacHp, cp. Ap.-($ojr. an-OTH); npu-nen-^^ sop. neiff« 
CEp. |7ac; 60C-mdjpi-s, Rop* mapi^^mpbi- (cp. ^emcs. frA- 
nouti iidepuymtT^); 6fbC'Z (on BensBicTHaro sopsfl bas^ his^ ci 

SOTOpHMl MOZHO CpaBBHTB Ap.-({aBTp. go^-i ccBaBBSflie 8Jioro 

xyxa»9 a AP« bAh. b6sif cp6AB.-fltM. hose «3ioBy aeroABHll »); 
d-ifep«-3i Bop. ^i>x (rjar. nepK-uymh^ k CMOT^aoTCJi bi m: 
Mepm-umh); AaU Bop. ja, rjiar. 4a-i}mt (botophB ctohti bh« 

y 

*la-at), ep. ^emcs. Id-ti (sjop'fcqHTBi dpaHHib); 8a'm'e^p no- 
e^-e-Zf Bop. cn» Cc9b-/i9nt— *se-ati)y BCTaajieHo Hesxy OBOB^a- 
Bien H BopBOHi^ Ma-|)tf-tf-9| sop. jpt4 C& BCTaBBa); ua-nnre-^^ 
Bop. nib; tHn»-0-«| sop. lufb- (B'i^poflTBO bi SHa^eaiH cccsHaatB, 
yrBOiaTB^, cp. lemcs. hnet- pyccB. tuB-fm); o6'fbm'Zf m\ 
*ob-Yet, Bop« enmf cp. co-mfm. O^oea Basi a40-dn>-tf, 4fo(fo- 
dnrtfi po-fno-ahrU h boa. bo BpHHaAJesaTi bi aiOHy paspaAyy 
(iyAyw otfpasoBaHH flocpoACTBOiii oEoaqaHiir -ja. 

CiOBa fla -9 CB ycBJieflBon BopeBBoi) nacBofl: Ma-6'djp-«, sa- 
Ciip-^, Bop. (?ep (<$6p-y)| aeonp. ^^Mi-mb; aa-^dd-s, nepe-eb^'^, 
nd-eod-z^ Bop. eed (rjiar. ecc-ww= *Ted-ti, eed-j^^ — on Toro- 
se ycueBsaro Bopaa o^pasoBaao ^6-o^-^f coBpaa^eaaoe as^ "^06- 
boa-'b; no-rndK-^^ eoc-rndK-t^ Bop. men (les-y); e-Aat-^ (bs'b 
*ci-jior-'B), Ma-Adt-Zj aa-4di-«, npc<)-4d»-«, Bop. jiei (nar. 4e- 
oicamhf BS'B ^jier-tTfl); c-nop-^ (asi ^ci-aop-i^ op. nprb-nie)^ 
Bop. wp; tfsdop-» (aai *Bi-c'B-A0p-i), sop. (?e/> (A«p-y); cop-«, 
sop. cep (cep-y, caacsp. Bop. sar, cbatb, TeqB)»); jwop-s, Bop. 
jiep, caacBp. mar (yMapaTB)««cjior'B mr ae losen npoAcraB- 
UTB aacToaa^aro Bopaa; ep. a o/oudo^Mbp-z^ Myxo-Mbp-z ; eoa-z^ 
Bop. eea (nar. ees-mUf eea-y^ AP*-(^OAr. B6C-th, bg^-x), (X^- 



804 07««IK0H B% OJIAB. «8HKiX%. § 162, 

bs-Zf eroHnBH. *o6-bo8-i; sdopoe-Zj En •cvjiopoB-*, j(p.-6oJD*» 
ci-Apas-i, Kop. dru, csp. dhru'i;a (TeepAHS, spiDBiff, Bip- 
hhB); f*a-tfpd(?-», Bop. 6ped (Cpec-mu^ isi *bred-ti); tfw-sotf-«| 
Kop. ne, Ap.-(Soj[r. s^b-oth (^ba-th); Kpoe-z^ sop. ff|iM (an 
kru); poK'Zf no-pbH-Zy njpo-pd«-», Bop. |)eit (Ap.-tfojir. peni-TH, 
p6K-x); no-tfopdm-s, sa-eopdm-z, jsop. oepm (Bepi-ftTB, cp. aar. 
vert-ere); bS-paa-z, Bop, jjim (pJis-aTB) ; cad-«, Bop. Cfftd (raa- 
roiH |7a3-t(W»5 H cad-ti^mft npe^cTaBJiBDn yse jcBieBBHe Bopaa 
npocTQXi ptbs- H crbd'); mpyc-tf Bop. mpjic (mpsc-mu-ct; vb 
XpeBHe-tfoir. bshbIi dTen AByv'B ^opHaii cooTBiTCTBynn: Tpxc- 
B TpAC-)i ti>j^3-9y Kop. %pH3' (rjar. rp£3-ByTB)y cp. xp.-($air. no- 
rpAi^-N^H H no-rpx;K-aTii, pyccs. no-^^^M^m^, na-tp^zm^b k 
noipyoichmh ; 6ou (fl3i ^fibj-^), Kop. ffu (riar. (Sb-tb); tNotf, 
Bop. iMu (rBB-Tb); no-KO&j Bop. im (cBBneaBoe: ifM : no^fn- 
eamh); ^etMn'^, sop. t^^tim, ocjiatfji. t^bm; j^-ietp-s, sop. top 
(rop-^TB) B Bp. 

Ojiobb bb -a ci BeBBiftBeBHOi) BopeflHOD nacBoI: fUhxeoA-ii^ 
Bop. 0^04 (xBajf-HTb) ; o-n^K-a^ Bop. nefr (AP«*((ojir. neiuTH-CA^ 
neK-x-CA) ; lubm-a , sop. nAam (ajiaT-HTB) ; tpos-h , Bop. tpaa 
(rpoa-j^TB), cp. ^eniCB. hrw-a (ysaci) b Aroir-iji (rposBTB), 
Hepm-h^ Bop. vapm; iftd-ft, sop. fbd (aepBoe. ad); y-mphm-a^ 
Bop. mpam (rjiar. «npdm-t«mb coctobti bi cbbbb ci mep-jim*^; 
oiceH-d, Bop. §an (p)AHtb); om-j?dd-a, Kop.jpat), cp. riar. |iad- 
hmb^ B jpdd-a6am6CJi» b npaiarai. pad-t; om-eht-a^ Bop. ^at- (cp» 
BtB. u^a^-en cocBtJiBBaTBCB)))! Dpfliar. tfd^-nwiK, ^emcs. od-vak-a; 
npO'Cmyd-aj Bop. cmj^d ; o-CAb/S-a^ Bop. c^aC' (opfljar. cjia((*Hly 
rjar« o-cjiiitS-BTB); cp. jibtobcb. ^jp-nM (cia(SB>); o-tpM-o, sop. 
tpad (cp. BftB. ^ar<-en=caAi, h pyccB. o-iopd()B^; jMfw-a, Bop. 
jK^Mi (riar. -M^kfl-HTB, jBorpetfjueBaB jboib bi coeABHoaiB ci 
npeAi[oraMB; B'bB-BTB), nopBOBaq. man (md); eod^H, Bop. ud^ 
cp. eaflCBp. ud-a (ci yHeoBfliHTeiBflim cyjitj^BBcoai uda-ka)^ 
rpev. u<N(v^; mp-a, sop. ^fbjp (rjiar. b^p-btb); wb-Ji (ttn ^ai-Gf 



oy^^iKoi -a Bi pyooB. ushb. § 152. 896 

cp« xp* ^xr. uiH*n, Yemcs. ^{-^e^, sop. si («cBii8HBaTB» — cp. 
JfiJKo5. Bild. d. Norn. 19), csp. si (BUBaTBi coeAHHHTB), ot- 
fjffk si-tu («H0cn»=^<KC06AHBiiDniil, cBi8b»); nnm-hy sop. niim, 
cp. rjftr. fuim-f^mft, eap. o-nnmb (qemcK. jxi^a^ na-a-pttt-eJc 
= «Ba8ajii»y o-j)e{ «oiuitb)»); n^u-2)dd-a, nt>-|?dd-a, K<^p. pod (cp. 
caacsp. rt^A ccpacnx), bbi *radh, i TOSAecTBeHHoe no aeaqeHin 
vardh); pac-npi^-a^ Bop. npae (raar. dp&b-htb), nepBOH. j)ru 
(ep. caHCBp. Ird (xroBopHTBD— qemcs. prav-iti); eU'tod-at Kop. 
tod (cp. rjar. rox-HTBCii) h npfliar. r6A-HH8; cDxa-se npHio- 
uen H eymecTBHT. iod-2^ =>= conpeAlJieHHsi nepiox'B BpeHeiBX)); 
Mop-ib (h31 *gjar-a), Kop. ^op (siip-BiB, xitp'flTB), csp. ^Aar- 
ma (xapKil); Ha-yn-a^ Bop. j^ (bi eHHrqeHHovB bba^ — 7^* 
yq-eHKBi, yq-dn)| BOTopiiff B^ cbod o^epe^B paBBH^cn hsi -uk-, 
BepeAi BOTopnm Bcerxa CTaBHTta e : -euK-: npu-euK-nymh (npu- 
eumca hbi ^jipH-BHq-Bsa); o-atcSt-a, sop. oicet (rjiar. se^B, xp« 
Cojir. X6iii-TH^ xer-x); sa-i^^n-a, Bop. KJien (rjiar. Bien-itiB), 
lepBOB. Map; ceo-ffbd-a^ Bop. 6od^6yd^ hbi nepBOBaq. &!«« 
Mti ((Shtb); npHCTaBKa d bi BacTOAn^eBy BopHD otfeapysHBa* 
•TCI yse vh cipiiseuiH: 6y-d'y=K^. tfoir. ex-a-^ (cp. h-a-x, 
HO Koonp. H-TH, Op. TpaxH. L 315, § 98); nhp-a, Bop. nap^ 
(riar. B»p-iiTB, ^emcB. Mrati). 

GioBa Ha -a, osna^iaDmiii cyQecTBtfTejiBHHH lysecRaro, hjih ly- 
secsaro h zoBCBaro poAOBi: My%'h^ Bop.^ CAyi (ao-BHABHOiy pac- 
lOBpeBHai (opxa npo^SToro C4y = ciamaTB); npo-nup-a^ sop. 
MMp (nar. HHp*HfTB); ne-Ha-nd-a, Bop. iBd; o^T-iMcdp-a, Bop. 
oiDejp; He-do-mpdi-a^ Bop. i^ipoi (rjar. Tpd-nyTB, npoicmeAmit 
181 *Tpor-*HyTB); pac-ndn-a —a SAtCB OBasHBaeTCi osoHqaBieii 

BTOpOCTeneHHHMi TaBli-BaBl CJOBO npOHCXOABTB OTl cyvecTBH* 

teiBHaro nam. 

Cyn^ecTBHTOiiBHBfl BB -a, c% ycHJieHHOD BopeHHoo FJiacBoK: 6fb- 
d-^ Bop. (Tud (rjiar. o-eUd-nimt); sMtb-A (cp. diiir), Bop. smw 

w 

(iia- «BAn'9 €Bp. gam); no-mm-aj Bop. ffiii^ (opuar. Tik-iS); 



896 oyftftHKOH Bi oiiB« irsHBizi. §g 152—163. 

setbsd'i^^ Kop. 0vid (6urh tfibJiHii, tfiecrtTb), soTopsS eoBna-' 
AaeT^ Cb cancKp. (t;it (((htb tftiHHi); dne-a, sop. df^ (csp. 
div «ciATB| 6jiecTtT&x>); aa-iidd-a, sop. ubs-, cp. pyccB. 90-Ma-f«m» 
(jtp.-lJodiP. Bi-Hb^-HTH), npo'H3'umh (Ap«-6ojir. n(^o*Hb:;-HTH); 
no-^^-a, Kop. euc (bhc*^tl; riacHU noABeprHyra noA'beiy h% 
B^m-aTb); o-cad-a, sop. end; sa-pas-a^ KO^.pfbs; cy-dopot-a^ Bop« 
dep% (war. ASpr-aTb, ASp-HjTb), cp, h dpooic-hmh; myi-a^ na- 
myt-a^ aop. mM (rjiar. m-h^b, hbi *Mr-HyTb, Ap--($Oflr. Tir- 
HSTH, qemcB. tdh-notUi), cp. mm-a (cp. AP*-((ojir. taf-nxth k 
T;iir-a); sa-Ca^-a, aop. (5w (hsx 6w^; o-ndp-a, nod-«dp-a, Kop. 
nep; dup-a, sop. de|) (xptTb — a^PJ, ho ci ycHJieHieiTi BopHii; 
pas-dup-linib); ffep-Abi-a, nop. mi (6ep TeHsaro npoHcxozAO- 
bU; fliicoTopne otfucHADn ero sasi cjobo aaHvcTBOBaDHoe, bh- 
pasaDvee «M6ABibAb»^ ocHOBHsaiicb Ba AP'-Htx. I&T'O; bo aioij 
spoTBBopt^HTi AP*-<$oj[r. 6|iVAor-'L, BOTopoe, Bi cjryvat bbbh* 
CTBOBasiffy OBa8ajio-($H $opvy E6p-; h Uesjioinflqi — Lex. PaU 46 — 
Be BHAHTb BHBaBoB CBII3H HOSAy Btx. Mf H Ef^'b-); y-Mbp-ay Bop» 
Mtpj cap. mar; o-cdd-a, Eop, cibd; o-cbd-a, Bop. ceCT- (m^^ctohb* 
ceS-H)^ JLM. 5i&- (B'b si&-i^; SAtcb a oBadHBaercfl BTopocreneB- 
BHn, paBBO BaB% bi npHBeAOHHOxi BHflie j^ac-ndn-ai cp. h euyK-a^ 
npoHCzoAflniee on euyK^. 

Cy$4»iBCi -a (^0^9 o($pa3}i)niil cyn^ecTBHTOJibBEUi cpoAHaro 
poAa: Ut'O (wb ^jig-oX ^P* W (sanpxraTb, coexHHflTb); dh- 
pee-o (cp. dpoea)f Af.'6oJLT. fiP^LE-o; nep-b; bn-Of Bop. ah (ih- 
TOBCB. ak-\$, jraT. oe-idO'^ cb yMeBbmflTeJibHHHi osoHqaBieii'b -t^^ 
esp. ah'k); b64aH-o^ hsti ^otf-BiaB-o, Bop. t;IaA; (cp. fl0B0j6B-a), 
Ap.-6oir. OE-iUK-^ yX'O^ Bop. yx (bsi oyj;-^ nepBOfla^L *aM8^ 
UT. onr-is, H3% *aus-is, jhtobcb. omsAs^ fotcb. aw-o (cp. 
nar. auh-jon cfliyitrb)!)). 

§ 158. Gy4»4^iBci -a bi laxopyccBOMi aapiM. 

a) Oys^cTBHTejibHHa HyxecBaro poAa aa -a=AP«-((ojr. -i, bi 
BOTopHZi Bopeaaaa rjacaaa b6 noAWBaerca HSMtHefliD. Taai- 



07««HRCl -I Bl HAJIOPyOOB. HIP. § 153. 897 

saRi -a Depenuo bi -^ (pasBO sasi bi pjccsoi'b iiSHKi), a « 
B6 BnpasaeTCA aa vlecm^ to bi cjiOBax^ btoB UTeropiH so- 
BeiiBsS cjor'b coBBaAaeTi ei sopHeHi: aa-nad^ Rop. nod; (XT-id 
(od^Ai*)) sop. a({ (ten); ^e^ (cKp. t^ieJ «BBAibTB»); no-^iem, sop. 
4em; seln (sojiorojii), sop. zvon = svan, cp. cancKp. svan-a 
(sByKi), laT. son-o-; 60% (Ap.-nepc. hag-a «(Jori»); Kpaii^ war, 
Kpa-smu (ftpoBTB, ptsaTB); npu-xW (apHxd:is)i sop. xod^ tmt. 
xod'umu; cy-cid (cocfti^i), Kop. ettd^cid (nepBon. sad); 6un 
(^HKi), nepBOH. Kop. huh (iHqaTB — cjobo sBysonoApasaTeiB- 
Boe)y cp« qemcB. huc-eti (cjiOBauK. bujah); SIm (Aoaii>)| sop. 
dam;. o-Kln (poB^, OBoni), sop. Kon=kapf uar. nan-hmu. Bi 
GJiOBaxi, Kasi sAd-di'Uf KOM-di-ii h boa., cj^^hbcomi BacTOjr- 
niHH'B OBasHBaeTCii =ja| a ae -a. 

npHitpn ejioBi Ha -% cb ycHieHHOD BcpeflHOD rjiaeHoi: Jio- 
jpoa, Kop. jifpsdy cp. AP*-<{ojir. Eop. m|>1i;- (cp. qemcs. mrdz a mra- 
nouti); dyx, Bop. d^x^ cp. AP«-(>oj!r. j^yc-nmn; no-mlK (py^ecB'Si 
DOTOKi), Bop. men; cmh- sop. cmei (cp. sa-CTer-HyTb); nAlm (aa- 
((opi), Bop. fiAem; tjpiS (mvium), Bop. fpe<^ (hsi \pa6^ cp. qemcB. 
%ra&-ajf «pHTBx>9 Bin. grab-en; rpeq. y^d^-siy <cnHcaTB»9 no 
nepBoaaqajiBHOMy SHaqemi) <i(BpuBaTB»); wim^ Bop. wtm-^ cp. 
Ap.-^ojir. i|BHC-TH^ HO i|BbT-a;; ceim (rbi ce^^m-^, Bop. cwm-^ 
CBp. (t;?Y; emit (cTOJ[^)| Bop. cme4 (hbi ''cTaj); es\p (Baopi), 
ns'B ^Bi-Bop-iy cp. pyccB. sp-ftmh; nepe-eiCf sana-eiCf Bop. etic 
(TaBi-saKi u ycHJiHBaeTCfl bi i); na-Ah (Haaori), Bop. Ae% (e 
ycEJiHBaeTCJ! bi l^ o); p\e (poBi), Bop. jpe^^pyccB. pu. IIoa'b- 

6Hl BOHeqfiHXl BOpOHHHX'B TJiaCHUSl UHLy COOTB^TCtByeTB ycH- 

jieHiD pjccsHxi r^acHHXT* u, y, ci t^mi toibbo pausqiexi, 
^TO pyccBoxy -oA bi iiajiopyccB. Hapt^in o^hbhobodho OTBiqa* 
Wh "Mi: na-nlu (aHanHTOBb», ^emcB. nd-pqj)^ Bop. nu; pHH 
(poll), Kop. puy cp. Map. pU'HymUy pyccR. pk nymh, c^ ycH- 
jieHnoi) oacBOR) pn>'jimh; inlU (naBoai), Bop. inu (rHHn); noe 
(hs'b *B0B-i <cMeTaj4i»), Bop. Ky^ TMv. Ky-mu (pyccB. Kooamh); 



898 Gy«4>HR0H Bl OJIAB« ilBlIK. §9 15S--154. 

pacniHpeHHOD ^opioH sopeHHoro ny aui^rcB kud^ cp. Jiar. cud^ 
ere (ftojioTHTb, soBaTb) h pyccs. Kyd-hcnutn; sa-coe^ sop. cy, 
ep. pyes. cy-nymt; o-empoe (ococrpoBi^, (SysB. coTesaeiHl*, 
TaRi-Kasi nepBoeav. $opMa tfaiia o-cpoy-i^o-Gpoy-a; i» lexjil 

C H |7 JIBUeTCJ BCTOBieHHHH'b, paBBO SaSl Bl Bill. S't-TOm 

<cTe^6Bie>>), nop. ^r^ (re^b). 

b) Gyn^ecTBHTejiBBnfl xeBCRaro po^a ci uepBRqeHn cy^^n- 
con -a; xeoA-a^ Rop« 0:00.4; id-a, Rop. ad (thd-a); Koca^ Bop« 
icoc (psTb, rochtb)| nldo-uM-a (aoAomBa), rbi *aox-o-niBB-B| 
Rop« mbB-, cp. Af.'6oiv. uiH-TH (lUH-Es) B81 ^sit;-^* (caHCRp« ^t; 
<xmBTfc»); no-^M^ei-a, Rop. ^e» (KopeHHan riacHaa i% pyccR. 
^opMaxi CDpflzeaU 0T<$paciiBa6TCfl: oic-ty, Moicemb^ no Ap*-<$oir« 
2Ker-;K, 2R6-%6UIH h np.); isd-Qj Rop. iad (tSAHTb); bi cmpy-ii 
(bsi ^spy-a), I mu'H (asb *cB-a) BCTaBJieeo tfjarosByuoe j. 

2SeHCRifl cyu^ecTBHTejibBHB aa -a ci ycHieHBOD RopeHHOD riac- 
B08: y-mix-a (yTtmeBie, paxocn), Kop. mux; 6id-a ((S^Aa), Rop. 
6ud; CAoe-af Rop. c^y (asi srf«a==A;ru <cciufliaT&i»); mpae-a^ 
Rop. mp2/ (ci BlipoBTHUKi BBaqoHieH^b <xHRTaTB)» — MiUos. Lex. 
Pal. 998); mycn-a (tocrb), Rop. m^cKf cp. AP«-((oir. ncK- 
hxth; aeiad-a nof.sehd C=C0bm, aaHsutfleuiei^ oTBByvBsu b% 
BByqHHfl); aoA-a^ Rop. soa (tfuTb xeiTHHi), cp. AP«-<ioJir. ^aa- 
TO, pyccR. soAo-mo (co0ctb. «seiTuI ieTajmx»); cnoA-a^ cp« 
pyccR. KOA'Omh; Ha-yK-a^ Rop. -hr- (bqr-)i cp. AP*'<{oir. Ha- 
buk-nx-th; 6opod-a (qemcR. &raia= BOA<SopoAOR^; co6ctb. « pa- 
CTyn^aflD, Taai-RaRi npeAnojiaraeiall RopoBS Cpzd- cootb^t- 
CTByeii CBBCRp. vardh cpacTHX)). 

OjOBa Ha -0: ut'Of nep-o, CAoe-o (ci ycHJieHHOD riacHoI on 
Rope* C42^=cRp. QTu <xcjinmaTBx>) h op. 

§ 154. Oy$1|^BRC^ -a vh cep6cR0Mi bbbr^. 

FaspBAi DpHBaA.f6saaiBxi» cioAa cjiob^b bocbu HHoroqHCJieH^ 
Bx cpaBHeHiH CB pyccRBii BaiiKOii HHoria ceptfcRia cJOBa otfpa- 
BOitaHfl npoqe, ouasuBaa aeplASO oarhi tojibro RopoHB ioroh* 



Oy^OIKOl -^ B% OSPBOK« II3H1U § 154. 899 

UBie -I Tan, Tffk vb pyccsoHi jrsHBt h m apf^^c^ ciaBBB- 
CKii!b BCTpftqaDTCJi 6ojifte cioshiu oBOB^asur. 

IIpiitpB e}4^$iBca -I ci BeBBBiHeBBOD BopeHBOD rjacBoI: 
MiK (jiBiio), cp. rjiar. JiAnumu ( oOBapoxoBaTB ) b pyccR* Ud- 
oS4UH'€mt; jed (rstBi), Kop. ad- fl jad ynoTpedjiBeTCB (bi bbe- 
iieBia tope, tunM); kauk (spBEi), mr. Mipfc-iiymii (bpbbbjte)^ 
KMm-amu; joA (fleaaBBcn), cp. jiuoe ( eeflJiOAOBOCBHl ), Xp.- 
((ojir. HiiOBiy qemcB. jalovy; iia^Mtm (copi)| sop. Mem (nar. 
vee-TBy MeteB); o^^am (cazefli>)| rjiar« a^e^m-amtt (^saxBaTHBan^ 
jioBBTBx>; pyccK. coMem otfpaaoBaflo b8% cxoabbfo no SBaqeaiD 
rj!aro2Bflaro sopsB: ca%=M%: cp. no-cBr-BjTB, qemcs. sdh-nouti^ 
ep. AP*-<!ojir. CAr-HSTH b npoBcmeABiee orryAa ciiiKkNb); tod 
(BieBBBH), rur. tddtimu («ptmHU, ((htb DOiesHHBiy npuiT-* 
BHn» — cp. pyccB. todumbc/i); nap (^lapa, BOjimetfcTBO ), nep- 
BOBaq. Bop. har (cp. caBcsp. hat «jiftjiaTB, A^IcTBOBanv); Mup 
(cBaAB^a), cp. pyccK. nup; ndicop («yBopa8Ba, jnpesiD, qemcs. 
4'kor), Kop. icojp^ rjr. Kd|>-iimtf (oopBi^aTB, ynpesarb), cp. pyccB« 
nap^amt; nd-mpec (ccsoHJieTpBcefliex), fjfr6oJiv. Tpxc-'L, ci y- 
CBJieBBHHi BopcBBHii a), Eop. mpec, TJi. mpecmu ce (tpacth- 
ca); ci^-ees (coeABBeBie, cbbbb)^ sop. sea (Af.'ioAv. ba^-), 
riar. e^a-amu (BBaaTB — AP*"<(oj[r. BAi-am)^ eea/c-eM; tym (riOT- 
Ka), riar. tym-amu (rioraTB), viemcB. Mt-ati; d-MdM (flpB- 
RopBi, BpflHaflKa), ri. MdM-umu (bbbbtb); nd-Hop ((esABa), 
riar. ncp-umu (aupBTB, spyro cnycKaTBCfl); pad {xlao, pa6o- 
Ta)| jMid-fimti («AlBcTBOBaTB, paiSoraTB^ ctpobbtbcid^ — cp. pyccs. 
pad-ftrnt; qemcK. rad-iti, BaflpoTBBi, aaaqflTi «C0BtT0BaTB»); 
nd-ean (aeBJiBBaB nioTBHa, bSIchbb), Bop. can (eanaTB); no- 
wem (nporyjiKa), riar. tu4m-amu ce (ryiBTB); us-Gm (jUivtno^ 
OTroBopsa, yBepxica), Bop. 6m (cp. fffbtynai^ «6ftrieii'B»); Aad 
(rlRB), cospanieBBoe B3i XAod, ri. xAod-umu (xojoabtBi o- 
xjiaxAaTB); cd-iajM (poA. ca-j^-a <icTopn)»), sop. jajK—AP«-<(ojir. 
HM*aTH (cp. Ap«-<!oir. ci-NUiri); Hd'Kum (aapBA'^y Jt^opi), nar. 



400 , CyoOHKCH Bl OilAB, fl3HKiXl. § 164. 

icUm-umu (flapflSETB, y($HpaTB), cp. Kuma (tfysen); d6'4itc 
(o6jiaKo)y H8i *o6*BjiaB9 Eop. vlak^ rur. 6jf^t«, 0^v&» (boiou^ 
rosy); nd'HUH (cnoeotfi, otipasi), I'^&i'* ^un-umu (AtJian); tia- 
doo? (bsaoxi), rjiar. dUix-nymu ( AQmaTb, xyHyTB ); ud-yn (yqe- 
sioi HacTaBJOHie), sop. yn, vi. ynumu; ys-npc (<icnacxa», dysB. 
ttBoscTaeie hsi MopTBHXiiy BOCRpeeeHie»), vj. ya-Kpcnymu (bob- 
CTaTb, BOCKpecHyTb), AP>-($oj[r. SLC-KpLCNnu; nymo-fmc (odi- 
caeie nyTemecTBiji )^ n. nejc-amu; ic4acd-(^ep (co^Hpareu ilo- 
jK^cieBi), sop. 6ep^ rjiar. (^a-mti (ffep-CM = AP^-t^oir. sep-z); 
fia-ii)d-^ift3 (myToqH. BspasoHie a^a <cpaKa»^ 6yKB. aotfpaTHO, 
HaaaAi aiaymifl^), sop. Atbs, xp.-tiojir. asc-tit^ ji^-x. 

GioBa Ea -1 cb ycHJieflHox) KopeHBoi) rjiacHol: uB-ffop (hb- 
(SpauiOi Hatfopi), Kop. gep; pda-AOi (pasyxi, pascyzAOHie, aobb- 
BaiejibCTBo), Kop. Ae%y bi ycuoHHofi ^opvt: Aa% : pas-Adotc-umu 
(pasjiosHTB, HBiaran); nd-H oc (rcpAOCTB, BucoKoitpie), sop. 
nee; npd-aop (oshoX Kop. sep- ap-, rjiar. npd-spfb-mu (cmo- 
TptTB esBOSB, BHraiiHyTB — rMAHBBTB); 6pod (lOAsa), Kop. 6pedf 
Ap. - tfon. Ep6C-TH, Ep6A-z ( cp. pyccs. Specmu h 6pod-umt); 
WfMHf nepBOH. Rop. hvit; ndnoj (HanBTOsi), Kop« nu; tucj (bb- 
BOBi, copi)| Bop. tHu; 6poj (qBcio), OTi yTpaqeflnaro BopBX 
*6pu; sd-ecj (nepeBUBBa, otfepTRa), sop. eu (bbtb); d-mpoe 
(BA'b)} Kop. mpy (cp. DOibCB. tru-6 <c OTpaBiBTB^ ); nd-CAoe 
(THTyjx)y sop. CAy; mpae (HypaBell) npoBCxoABn, no bcoH Bt« 
poATBocTH, OT'B mtu (bi SBBqeHiB asyssaTB*; cp. AP*-($aKTp. 
ntf^ s=i caflcsp. hrH, aroBopHTB»; cp. ap*-(^abtp. maoiri cMypa- 
Befl», nepcHACB. mor; &oao((bo conocTasjiiieT'B h BeBtJ^et jibt. 
form-ka i caHcsp. hhram — cp. MiJdos., Bildang d. Norn. 13); 
xopB. jby6o'Mop (poBBBBOCTB), sop. mtf^ rxar. uhp-umu (y6H- 

BaTBy yTOBMTb). 

El ciOBaHi ci BTopocTeneHBEiMi cy$<|»i!scoBi -*L npEHBAJie- 
sail Hanp. Na-cmj^aM (qyAasi), oti C99^2)aH(qysoH)y cp. pyccs. 
cmpoMHuH; KUtotcu-nym (aysaaaTeiBflnB najieiii», 6yBB. «nosa- 



G7««. -a Bl GEPBGR. fl8. § 154. 401 

SK Aopory»), on nym (nyib, A^pora); xopB. xh6u-Kpyx («Ty- 
HOHAem, HeroAflH»> 6yKB. (cnopTHT'B-x^'b6i»), OT'bff^^a;(xj[i($'B). 
GymecTBHTcibEHfl seHcsaro po^a na -a, HeHSstHHeraU Kopen- 
HoB rJiacHoS: pas-eaA-a (paseaiHHa), nop. eaA^ rj. eaA-umu; 
pyi-a (yBopBSHa, noaopi), sop. py%^ rjiar. pyo/c-umu (doho- 
CHTb| ((paBHTb), cp. pyccE. pyt-amh; /byS-a (cciiotiHNafl, cynpy- 
rai> — vh noBTHqecs. cjort), ri. jb'^6imiu (i^tiOBaTb, jiRX^HTb), 
cap. luhh; xedA-a (tfjiaroAapHoeTb, noxaajia), rjiar. xedA-umu; 
Cyn-a (niyHi)i rji. Cyn-amu (apeB^Tb, MEiqaibv^ qemcs, hue 
eti); Kjm-a (Tpansa), fji. npn-amu (noqsHHBaTE, saniaqinaTb); 
xpdu-a (aopii, UHn^aX n. xpdn-umu (cnHTaTb»; cooTB^TCTBy- 
6Tb no ^opui, xoTfl cb HSMtaeBHUHi OTqacTH sHaqeflieHi, pyccs. 
xpanumtf coxpaujimh); uiyM-a (<cji'fcc'b», codcTB. ((myMJiiiiiB, me- 
aecraii^ifl>>)| n. fuyM-tbtnu (myiiiTb, meiecTHTb ); c-eh-a (no- 

BflSka), BBl ^CL-BA^-dy fiOp. 663 (AP* ' dOlLV. BAi;- CBASBTb))); 

d-neK-a (sHpnsqrb), sop. nen (neqb), n. nehu- nen-eM (Ap.- 
6ojir. neui-TH, neK-;^); uh-doff-a (eeyAO^Boe BpeMB)^ nop. doff^ 
cp. pyccs, y'do6'Huii (on Toro-se Ropaji npoHcxoAHTi npH- 
jiaraTeibBoe doG-puU); nd-nyd-a (npoAJioseHie), vs. nyd-umu 
(npeAMraTb)y AP*-<^OAr. HoyA-HTH (npHHysAarb); nd-xom-a (se- 
jaflie, BOZA'bJieflie ), sop. xom^ Mar. xom-tbrnu (xoTtTb ); nd-dTbA-a 
(ihioctsba), VI. diKt'Umu; tpoa-a (yxaei, OTBpameBie)| n. tpoa- 
umu C6 (rposHTb); n^-Kau-a ( p'bmeaie, Baiipeaie), rj. fcan-umu 
(naHumu ce aiaHtpeBaTbCii, roTOBHTbca»; nan ecTbnpocTaa $op- 
Ba cMrqeflBaro huh-); nb-ffyu-a (tfyHTi, BOSCTanie), vjl. Oyn-umu 
( BOACTpesaTb, BOBHyn^aTb); iS(d-42<K-a (npeAJton, OTroBopsa), sop. 
auk; bd'toj-a (yxazHBafiie, noQeqeHie)^ rx. toj^umu (oHTaTb, 
BocHBTHBaTb); bS-up-a ( o((BapeHBaii 8eji6Hb)> hsi *o6-Bap-a, vi. 
eapumu; dhH-tyC-a (aoTepa BpeHeflH, npa8AB0CTb)| rxar. tyC-umu 
(Topan, TopntTb yqeptfi)); nb-oKOA-a (saxo($a), ri. otcaA-^mu 
(coxaxtTb); bC-ad-a (otfBBBeHie ), hsi *o6-BaA-a, rxar. oCad- 
umu (o($BHHflTb); Ht-b-Mp-a (sofliiiHHff fleonpaiflaji), sop, nep, 

2S 



402 oy««. -a bi ciab. hsbbax'b. § 154. 

mr. ^^^mi^ (khtb, CTHpaiL), naer. Bp. n^^^jf; epe-a (rte- 

HOTa, TOJna)| rj. epe-tbinu {mu^n^ 6mh bo HHOsecTB^); xAa- 

dd'Acofc-a (^JitHT^I, ((aKJiyniHHKX^, (Sjeb. ocbi t^bh i6zafflii(x>X 

mr. ^OM^-amti. j nepoAi oKOR^anien a oRaaHBaercA bi (hAy^-a 

(rposa, ($ypfl)i Bop. Ay=AU (jhtb; on Toro-xe copBH npoHcxo- 

jk^vb AiO'fnuii)^ cp. Tasze 6d'j-a (npejecTs), Rop. 6a (cancRp. Ihd 

<it((j[ecTtTB»); cmd^-j-a iiJiih%\ Rop. cma (ctoatb); fr^-i-a (cysa), 

sop. fry, cp. rpev. Kv'ooy (cotfau), poji. xuv-cV, caHCsp. (v-on 

18% *k?-an; bi i|^-y-a (sHiir, aosaoboI ^epas), ty BtpoJiTBte 

Bcero coKpao^eHO uzi \yd=*rax, ep. tad (siiiiy raARna), ^emcR. 

H cjobhhck. had. MiRJiomHqi (Bild. d. Nobiu 19) npHBOAHn 

H b-MU-j-a («Bo;iay ((pHaravii^afl ci ROxeeaBOAflBaBHejiBHiiiiH)» — 

n. laepoeeKiUf Cep^eso-pydcR. cjioaapB, C.*IIeT6p($. 1870, erp. 

418)| Be ynoueyB'B o cooTBtTCTBeHHOii nh bosrosboii m- 

rojBHOHi RopHi, R% ROTopoiy ejioBo OTHocHTCii; 6mh Hoxen, 

Ma eOCTOITB Bl CBJISI C% TUT. MU-mU («Hnn», TaRl-VTO 

oMa-ju — c( ROjieco oiiiBaeioe » )• 

B'B cjiftjiyDn^Hn eioBan sa -a DponueTCfl noxieMi Ropen- 
£oI rJiacHoB: nd-ead-a (oi^H^aV), Rop. ^ed- (a npeACTaBiaen 
ycHieBie BTopocTeneHBoOi noepexcTBoxi nepBRqaaro noAMva e 
Bi o: eee-mu^ ebd-umUj nh-ead^mu, Op. Tpai. L § 92, erp. 
301); Mbp-a (yAyoibe HoqBoe, RomoHapi ), qemcR. mur-a, Rop. 
mar (yiipaiB), ri. Mbp-umu (ytfeBaTB, HyqsTBy yrovuTB), ep. 
cancRp. mdr-a (cieptB), on mar; nb-xAen-a (sejiasie, bos- 
Atieaie), rj. xAen-umu (cTpacTHo, chjibho ze jibtb ), Rop. xAun^ 
ep. qemcR. cUip-ny (boxotjiubuH, cjaAOCTpacTBuB), chUp^a (iD- 
tiocTpaeTie, noxoTJHBOCTB); b'^eem-a (oTORo^eHie), Rop. ^^(rjih 
BipHte: *saBi-vit); b<ftK-a (otjihbi), Rop. aikf ep. eancRp. sic 
(h81 *sii— <copomaTB, 0M0qaTB» — Ri TOMy-xe RopBB BpiXBRa- 
en AP*-((ojir CLq-OTH, gly-x); nb-Mpax-a (TeHROTaX cop. MptK^ 
cp. MpK'Auna (TOHBOTa), R d-3«|)iff-N^mti (c<noMpaqRTBCtf| noHopR- 
ji}ThTf> ^JaepoecffiU^ Oeptf. pyccR. cji. 420; «(htb aacTRrByTim 



oy«o. -a B% GSPECK. ii8HR«. § 154. 403 

ejHepMHR, Ho^Boi) TexHOTODx> — Eapodoicuh^ CpncB. FjeiH. 459; 
Vesdic, Becnik, 241), Ap.-tfojir. m|^ik-nxth ( HdpcHf tb — Hn- 
uoiDHTb-— Lexic. Pal. 388 — npHBOAHTi i HopACS. myrkr, mdrk-r 
ccTeHBHB))); Bi JB6ML & Both^ Skrt Wtb. (Y^ 674) ynoHH- 
HaeTCii AP*-<{0J!r. m^^lk-h^h i Mparb (TeiHOTa) nps caoBt 
mark-a (das ErlOschen, Hinsterben). 

BTopocTeneHHHH^b a osasHBaeiCii nanp. wb cj^AjDn^ffxi cio- 
yan: uhcm-a (rjcToB Jtci^, ^ma), Rop. Hocm — (rycToS, u- 
cthB); (Mt^ff-a (ptjtb), on (hom (skboS); HH-^HU-tyma («oa- 
xyBaDn^aif ropjio^, soMHqecB. o6o3HaqeHi6 «j[ar;mcH»), on tytua 
(ropjio, rjioTKa); fioM-nyha (noASHraTOiB), orb KyTia (aohi); 
npoicu-6a6a («8nRT6Ti rajcBaro siOAia, KOTopHt HCMsyen h 
crapyxi, qiodn npHByAHu bi otbphtid cByABHZi A6Heri» — 
laspoecKiH,^ Cep6. Fyccs. ciob. 648). 

npHBtpH eyniecTBHTeiBHBX^b aa -o; ejpt-o (aop. it^^^; dpe-o 
(lepeBo), cp. caficsp. dru («Aep6B0, b^ibbb — ^(^M. & J2ofA. 
Skr. Wtb. III. 809); npbs-o^ sop. npy cp. caacsp. &r^(ro- 
BopBTB) H Bocnparaexoe qemcB. pry (roBopfln, a^bbtb), lAi 
eqe OBaa&BseTca AOJrafl riacnaa; icd4-o (apyn), Bop. Jtor, cp. 
cascBp. ca-kra^ DpoBcmeABiee Hsi ^kar-kar-a^ ibt. eir-culo-, 
rpeq. xv-xAo-^ h x/^xo^ (cp. a seBrepcB. ftor, BOTopoe, 6mh 

lOXOTli SaBMCTBOCdHO); 0jpd-O («ropa» BI CIOBBflCBOIl asHBft 
BflaqHTl CMBCX, HOCl»), AP«-(SOjir. BplA'O, EpiiA (CJOBHHCB. 

5r(2-i<s=«ocTpHB»); oicdip'O (otfiBopa), Bop. orep CcZacTaBie- 
Ho)y B6onp. ^djp^b-me^ (hjib ofcdepamu) hbi OK^p^-mu; (^-o 
(ycaraH), on 6pK («ycH»; o zja/bch octb citAOBaTOJiBHO obob- 
qaaie BTopaqHoe); dSSA-o (neeb Aop6Ba), on npHJiaraT. dhSeo 
(tojcthB^ xbphhB; cp. ^f.-ioiv. a6Eao, A^^^AtTH), — h aA'bcB -o 
OBOHqasie BTopHqaoe. 

§ 155. OBOflqaflie -a bi cjiobhhcboxi aaaaft. 

1. CyniecTBHTOJiBflHa aa -i. 

CjOBa, Bi BOTopHX'B Bopoflflaa nacflaa bo HSiftflaeTca: j4d 

26* 



404 oy««« -a bi g.iab. A3braxi>. § 155. 

(nnma), Kop. ad^ rj. y^5-<i, jid-em; gdd (HAOBHiaff SMtir, ra- 
;iDKa), M. gdd'iti (rajHTB, nopHijaTB); ro^r (pori), jhtobcr. 
rdg-aSy Kop. ra^ (HeHSBicTnaro BRa^eBin; c6j[ismm ero cb 
rpe?. rd^'ocff h Jiai, cor-wt*, h otf'LacHeHie ero nocpewTBOM^ ne- 
pecTaHOBKH Kopna BOCBMa coMHHieiBHo); s6'jem («Topr'b», cotScTB. 
«co(5paHie»), Kop.jam (cp. ^emcK, sou-jem «coBOKynHOCTb»); wrf^ 
(Ap.-(5ojir, Hoc-x); so-'s^d (coctA'^'), Kop. sad (Ap.-(5ojrr. cx- 
c^-i); A;a|> (Kpemeiiie), rj. Mp-ati (Kanatb), cp. pyccK. Kitn-A/k, 
slon (cjioHi), OTX slon-Ui (aonnpaTB, npHCjroHaTB», cji4a. sian= 
<(Si!B0TB06 npBCJioflflnnieecflx>); $7on BcipaiRaerB ir ^ejoBisa qckoto- 
psB B63A% npBCJiaHHBaeTCfl^, Murko Slov. Ndmski.. r6cni bes6diiik 
527; do-god (yc^tx^), war. gbd-Ui (AtiaiB cnocofiBHiii); j^ft 
(OTroJiocotti, axo), vLJek-niU (paBAflTBca), qemcE. j'cA; (sByBi, 
jBym); dr^»^ (coH^), rj. cZreAt-afi (cnarB, ApewaTB), Ap.-(5oir, 
A(>%M-aTH; krop (khbhtoki), Ap,-(5ojir. Kpon-HTH (oBpooMTB, 
OKpanHBaiB), h qeracF. tiJcrop (snwin ); ob-vup (oxqaaeie), rjar. 
vup-ati (BaAtaTBCii), Ap.-t5ojr. oy-niB-OTH (cp. b ciob. ufati' 
se); Jchs (pacBaBnie), rji^ kes-dti se (pacsaBBaTBCA, xaji^xB); 
strdd (roJiOAt, BeAOCTaxoK'B), rj. s^rrfci-a^i (lopntTB Beiocia- 
TOBi, crpaAaTB); bistro ^v{d («pHCB» = afiacTpo, BopEO bhab- 
B;iB»), rJi.t;fc?-ifi; mrfZA; (MOJiiaaie), vn. mdlk-niti (saMO^KByrB), 
Ap. - 6ojiv. Miiuc - NXTH ; od - «rc2 ( OTOMD^eBie) I rjiar. srel - if i se 
(cepAHTica). ' 

GjiOBa Ba -i c*B ycHJieBBOK) BopeaHOH) rjacBoB: dt-rok (pe- 
deaoM — in-fans)f Kop. rcA? (roBopHXB); jer-to^ (cJiorB), Ap.-(5o jr. 
CL-Aor-Tfc, Kop, He^ (cp. leg-a «BOJioxeflie, jrarcpB^); pre-pir 
(f Bopi), rj. pre-pir-ati se (cnopBib), Kop. per; pro-stor (apo- 
CTfaBCTBo)| Kop. Star (jiaT. ster-no)^ CKp. stor; £f-6rfr (cotfpa- 
Hio), Kop. 6er (cp. Ap.-6ojir. ci-feop-ik); dt^A (Ayx^), Kop, dih^ 
n. dih-ati (ABmaTB), ^'^.-^oxv. ffli}i'irf^\ pUt (3a6opi), Kop. 
^ef, rji. plls'ti^ pUt-em (ip. -(Jo.ir. nA€C-TH, niier-^); ij8'V(r 
(npoDCxozAeBie), rjr. iz-vi-rati (npoHczoABTB, DpoBCTeKaTB), sop* 



Gy«». -a Bi CJIOBHH. AS. § 155. 405 

ver=*var; o-zir (orjaAKa), n. o-zirati se (orJiaAHBanca), Kop. 
zer=*zar (cp. zer-k-alo); pre-mdg (notftAa), Kop. wo^f (mo^b, 
({htb b*l cocTOflflie): pre-moci (no64AHTB); nd-puh (bjih na-^wiA 
ccBHCOKOMtpie, ropAOcn), Eop. i)iA, cp. rjiar. jpiA-afi (aAyTB», 
cp. pyccK. «3anHX-aTBca»), pih-dlo (ntxi); mraka-nos («Be- 
HepHHfl 8Bi3Aa»^ cotfcTBenno <ccfHepsH npHHOCJiii(iB)>), s^P* .^^/ 
Bi kazi'pCt (njTeBOAHTejB, njieysasaieJiB) -i^ cy^^Hsci bto- 
piiqnHS. 

2. GyqecTBHTejiBHEiir na -a cb HeHsutHeHHOX) EopeHHOH) rJiaceoS: 
gor-a (ropa, co6ctb, <itTiiae;iaa»), Kop. gar^ cp. cKp, ^ir-i 
(ropa), CTOJiniee bm. *gar'if h gur-u (TAsejuH), HSMiHenHoe 
H8i *gar'u; rok-a (pjKa), Ap.-(Jojir. pXK-a, Kop. ranft (cotfa- 
paTB) jihtobck. ra«ft-a (pyaa); vod-a (boab), sop. vod = vad 
(^=ud); jic-a (airopBaa^, (JyuB. antcTo B3AHxaHiH»), vji.jec" 
ati (B3iHxaTB), npoQcmeAmiB bsi "jek-ki (ecJiH othocqtb jec-a 
S!B npocTOHy sopHR) ^ei, to BuicTo a ocasHBaeTCfl cy^iJ^HncB 
-ya: j^c-a^^^^jek'ja); jez-a (rniBi), war. jez-ati (jez-iti 
ccepABTB, pa3.xpasaTB»; on jed-jad nocpeACTBou^ cy4)$BRca 
ja j6za npoHSBOAHTB He JBSff, TaE^B-saRi d +i ho cHflr^aiDTca b*b z^ 
a Vhj); zdb-a (.TArynisa)^ Eop. zah (cp. caocEp. gabJi ocpa-* 
8HHJTB poTi, cxBaTHTB»), jiHTOBCE. zuV'is (pstfa); po-treb-a 
(eyiEAa), Eop. trSb: treba (HyatHO); kdr-a (Hasasanie), rj. kdr'- 
ati (ynpeBaxB); ob-ldd-a (oodiAa) bbi ^ob-vlad-a^ n^o^.vlad^ 
rji. vldd-ati ( i^apcTBOBaiB , yopaBJifltB); nd-niera (hie na- 
mir-a aBcxpftqa, cjiyqaB»), Kop. mir- (cp. Ap.-<5o.ir. Na-usp- 
HTH <(M4pHTB»); O'ptk-a (EHpnaqi), Eop. j)6A; (neqB), rj.jp^ci, 
^^c-em (neK-x); po-zab-a (saCBeoie, salJnTie), rj. po-zabi-ti 
(«no3a6HTB»), Kop. bi {-za-ba ctohti co($ctb. bm. ^za-U-a); 
ob'lub-a (o6trB, odtmanie), rj. ob-lub-iti (jifin oCin, o(5t- 
B^aTB), Eop. lub; po^mdm-a ((S'^meHCTBo)^ Eop. mam, tj. warn- 
Ui (o(SHaH£iBaTB); pbd-prd-a ( nepeneiEa ), sop. prd (ecjiH cjobo 
He 8ByBonoApasai;pj[BHaro npoHCXOSAefliii); od-zdl-a (yTimeHie), 



406 oyoft. -a bi oiab. hb. §§ 166--156. 

od'idi-iti (yTtmaTB), Kop. kU (hsi ^oI, cp. iHTOBes. gqU-iti 
<KsajitTB»^ prdsk-a (6^m^ HiiTesi), sop. jprasft (cp. j>ras%- 
()ji <xii8panaTB»); streg-a (npHCMOtpii, noneqenie), Kop. strBg^ 
n. 8tr6ci=strShti (ciepe^b, yxaxHsaTB ea-), xp.-tfojir. CTpmu- 

TH (CTpV-X) H np. 

GioBa fla -a cb noxMion BtfpeeHoI rjracnofi: tdc-a (rpaA'b), 
Kop. tenk (=tuk)^ ep. pyecB. mt/H-a, Xf.-^OJLV. txy-a (^osjub); 
prdg-a (pytfeiTBy cimeBa)^ Kop. preg^ ep. sa-prig-a (ooxBOAa, 
noACTaBHHfl jomaAB) t cp. xp* - ^ojr. -npAuiTH^ -n^ss - x, i ci 
yeueHflOD nacHoI: n|>xr-AO (ohjkok'b, neTifl); nad-Ug-a ((Stx- 
CTBie, cyABda), sop. leg; voz-a (ropBia, sasjimeHie), sop. vez: 
vigcai (BflsaTB, Kf.'ioiv. bai^-othX cp. AP**(Sojir. ^-a (vin- 
cnlom). 

BTopocTeneHHoe -a: na'^pot-a («npenflTeTBie» — impedimen* 
tain), OTB j>o£ (lopora, ByTB), xp«-($oj[r. nxTb; hih-pdt-a (ne- 
pespfieTOB'By pacnyiBe), on Toro-ze cyn^ecTBHiejiBHaro; o-j>(>-rdJ!;-a 
(saBftqaHie, xy^OBHaa), on rdh-a (pysa). 

OymecTBBvejiBHHa Ha -o: nei-d (netfo), csp. nahh-as (rpe?. 
vi<P'os «o6jiaBO»), Bop. ndbh (HeBBBtCTHaro sflaqeHiB); 6k -o 
(hjih ok'6 ccrjiaBBS)), Bop. aft; t;ti%-o (yxo); mes-6 (ifleo)i xp>* 
tfojr. MAC-Oy CBp. mdnsa; drev-d (xepeBo); Uag-d (TOBap^y 
xotfpo), on Uag (xopomiS, jifl6^ut); mid-o (senui MA^h), 
Xp.-tfojrr. iTBA-b (cp« MiJdos. Iiex. 890). 

§ 156. OsoHqaflie -a b!B ((oirrapcBOB^B flSQicft. 

1 • Cyn^ecTBBTe jBBHfl na -^ yTpaTHJiH h sa^cb ynoTpetSMOiyo rb 
XpesBeii BSBBft BOBO^ByD rjiacByi); a) EOpeBHaii rneaaB oeraeT- 
€Ji fleBBiiHOBHOD : cv (((trcTBo) nar. nr-w (tfiraD, tf'iry); 
BOB (oxoTa), rji. AOBb (lOBJiD, oxoqycB); riiOA (rojroAi)» ep. 
CBBCBp. gardh (sojtbtb); nex (cb onpex* uesoBi: neK-tr «sa- 
pa»)y sop. neK^ rji. nex-L (xp.-(Sojir. ncK-a;); BpaT- (BpoT-ir 
«meB»), Bop. vrat (nn VrSt), eocTonn B^bpoBTBo bb cbb8b 
e% AP«-tfoir. riar. Bpu-tTH (BepiiiB); Epv (tfepen), fj^.^CoiT. 



[ 



oyto. -a Bi Boir. 38hk«. § 156. 407 

K^v'h, roTCK« hairg-s; OE-iUK (otfjiaso), H81 "ob-Tlak, cp. tji. 
EKuA (eojiosy); nd-rA6A (nbrA6A*iT 9h3VMji,%»), vji. ucf^-au 
(cioTpn, ruzy), Ap.-($oj[r. riU^isA-x, faaaak; cm6T (oaBosi), 
Kop. M6T^ ri, uer-hk, Ap.-($oar. m6t-x; bi^c (upocTB, ^epn); 
B^V (sepx^b, Bepxymsa), sop. harh, cp. cancBp. iar%=B36HACB. 
(are^ (pftCTH), sohacb. bare^-anh (Bepxymsa); BpsciK (RpH&i), 
cp. qemcB. vreskf pyccs. eepci^atm; f^u {uen), rnr. A"^^*^ 
(AtJi)); BAU (BOixi), nepBOBa^. sop. vark; poE (patfi), qemcK. 
r(^&-i<t (xiMTh, patfoTETb), pyecs, |ia<f-;^, h paS-oma. 

V) 'Ik n eJioBaxi tb ycHJieBHon riacnoff: chv (cH'&rx), sop. 
9nig^ cp. JiTOBCB. 5nl^- ji (ao sn^g-as ^eBiny>)p lar. mo; (=*nig-s, 
opoHcmeAniee bbi Vnig-s); no-Aor-iT (a duo ei rBtsAl)) Bop. 
aer^ riar. a6%-h (Jieacy); act; (cajio), sop. an, rJi. ak-^i (JiBi))9 
Xp.-6oj[r. m-isa (ueonp. ahrith); eoj (cpameHie), cop. eh^ tx. 
CH-ji (.ip.-doir. EH-K^ on eh-th); OE-pi^-ir (a^esa), Bop. pt;^ 
riar. pu-b (jip.-'^oir, pii»-;&); ni-yeT-u (qecTB), Bop. ylt 
(cp. AP*-((ojir. -VLT-x); Bup (eojiOBopon), sop. B6p; s^a-aor-u 
(aaiorb), sop. aer; OE-pOK (od'fiiiiaeie), Bop. peK^ rji. pex-i (ro- 
Bopi)); npli-atn (jieTyqaa BHmi»), Bop. aun (^p.-Soar. npH-aLnH^TH^ 
npH-ahn-tTH); i|BtT^ sop. hvit. 

2. VL cyii(ecTC0TejrbH£ia aa -a b'b ((oirapcBOBi asHS'b oBaaqEBanT- 
ci Ha 'Jky Taai-BaRi aa BecBBa BeHHorHHH BCBJDqeBiflBH (Op., 
FpaM. I. § 76, CTp. 236) AP^-t^oJuapcKoe a ocxa($aaeTca n 
-\: poc-k (pocr), Eop. ras^ cp. cancsp. rasa (cobi); oa i^ 
boa4 (boab), nof.ud (cp. Jiar. und-a «BoaBa»), i^p-ii (nt- 
pa), Bop. M%p (Ap.-5ojr. uap-HTH); ^a-nair-'L (aJL^ieiti), Bop. 
naaT; EJp-i (jiyxa, aaaysa), Bop. Eap, riar. Eip-aM (AOTpora- 
BBDCb); rbp-i (lici), cp. Ap«-($ojr. rop-a ; A^*^r-^ (Boaaa), ap.- 
6oar. AAVi» (AO.'FriS, A^BHOHtl); Kpiai i (aarepBee bojiobo)^ raar. 
uphM'h (Bopvai) rpyABD); Miu-i (otfpyqenie), ra. MtN-L (aiaai), 
BopeaftBiia)); saar-ii (aiara), Bop. omi^ nepaoBaq. Bop. varg; 
KhU'ik (caoBo), ra. ^-au (roBopi)); Hrp4 (arpa, TaHeio), ra. 



403 cyo4). -a bi csiab. as. §§ 156 — 157. 

Hrph'jii (Drpaio, laHiiyiDJ; b-b cjitAywntHX'E cjioBaxi a=Ti npn- 
CTaBjaeTGH kx cJEOBau'B ci ;cHj[6HH0K) RopeHHOx) rjiacHOto: o-iipi^-i 

(HenaBBCTt), KOp. Mpi^- (Cp. Ap.-(50Jir, MpTfc^-0CTL = Mep30CTB), 

rj. o-Mpi^-NyBd MH (HHiD OTspamoHie OT^. •); eoj-Aj^-'L (aaiiCT- 
BBKB, nojKOBOAeui). Kop. KGA, rj. Re^-i (Ap.-(5ojir. B6A-ai); 
Bift-'L (pyqefl), Kop. boa l[cp. bo^-'l «BOj^a» — o ycujiBBaeTCH bi 
a), -a BHtCTO npaBHJBHaro -i: »;6H-a (atefla), sepBOBa^. nop. 
gan; uou-a (x^ua), cp. cep6cB, MbMa (Eapadoic. CpncK. pjeiH, 
867). Gyn^ecTBBTeiibflEifl sa -o: f^p^-o (AepeBo); ma^k-q (xo- 
jiOKo); nep-o (nepo); CiioB-o ((JyKBa), Kop. ca^; ok-o (rjiasi); 
uec-o (Mflcc); xiiiCT-b (anpi), oTt npajiar. taic (tojcthS, 
XHpHuS), Ap.-lJoir. ta'LCT'l; AHCT-b (((JiHCTT))) — Iforse, Engl. & 
Bulg. Vocab. Constantinople, 1860, 170, a), Ap.-6o.w. ahctl 
(o BA'bcL cy(|)(|)HKC'B BTopB^HuB); TpiKOA-b (spyr'b, BOieco), 
nepBon.' Kop. Tear (Tpii- npHCTaBsa, Be npBBaAJiesain.aH vh aa- 
CTOJinieMy KopBH)). 

§ 157. Gy(|)(I)BBC'B -a b*b oojibcboh'b BSHEi. 

1. GyqecTBBTejiBBnfl Ha -ii, ne osasHBaioiiiifl isKtHeBia so- 
peHHoH Maceofl: chow (paaBOAeHie, coAepmanie), rJ. chow-ac ((Je- 
peRB, BOCHHTUBaTB, OTKapHjBBaTB); ciek (TO^eBie, ptsa), Rop. 
tekj v^. dec (Te%), jp.-dojr. T€iuth; kup (noKjnRa), vji.hup- 
ic (KynHTi), Ap.-tfojir. KoynHTH; rod (noKojEtflie), r.T. rodz-ic 
(poAHTB); siuch (cjyx'B), rji. siuch-ac (ciHrnaTB, cjiyraaxBca); 
8'trach ((JoflSBB, yaacB ), hsx cii+Tpfl;^-, Eop. trach=tra$, cp. 

eKf.traS (tftxaTB, (OilTBCfl), Ap.-(S0Jir. TpACTHCA (OTHOCHTeJIBUO 

^lepeAOBaHlH ch a a wh btomi Kopat cp. pyccB. mp^v-nymb s 
no-mp/tc-amh J mpHC-much); low (jOBJiir, oxoia), nar. t(m-%6 
(jiobbtb, oxoTHTBCJr); przy-mus (npHnyacAeide), rjar. mus-iec 
(AojiseHCTBOBaTB) 3aHMCTB0BaH^ H3B B'biT. mussen; od-klad (ot- 
cpo^Ra, OTRiiaAHBaHic), vjl. Tctasc; bsi Toro-sRe RopHfl o($pa8o- 
BaBH: prze-hlad (n3Jiox6Qie, nepecon) h przy-kiad (npHi'bpi); 
ptaz (npecHHRaDnieecfl sHBOTfloe^ qepBo); hlask (((jiecR'By xoi- 



Gy««. -a Bi nojiBGK. as. § 157. 409 

bU), cp. H llysJc (ciaaie ), rJiar, hlysk-ac ( ^jHcxaTB, CBepKaxB); 
o-krop (oKpanHBaEie, jsacx), vn. Jcrop-ic (oKpanHsaTB, ks- 
naib); o-Are^ (Kopadjt), jihtobck. akrut-as , war, irec-tc (sep- 
TtTB, noBopaqeBHTt); na-cisk (flaiHCKi, TtCHora, jaBKa), Kop. 
tisk, war. cis-nqc (iiaBHTB, TtcriHTB), hb^ *cisk-nac, cp. cisk- 
aS; jek (b3aox^, ctohi), rjiar, jek-ac (B3JiHxaTB, CTOHaTB), 
cp. CJioBHHCK. j6ft (bbjkt., OTrojiocoul); nie-do-wid (CjBaopyKiH), 
Tuo^.widf rji. widziec (BH^itTB); listo-pad (noatfpB), Kop. pad^ 
w. pad-ac, ;ip.-(5o.ir. na;^-aTH; chciwo-zer (aKKyja), Kop. ier, 
pji. irjgfec, ire (npoin. Bpeii. zart); darmo-ploch «Tpyci)), 
co((ctb. «uanpacHO (JoaiuiHca))), cp. npnjiar, ploch-y (rpycM- 
BBiS, 6oa3-iHBHfi), cp. pyccK, nAox'OUy qenicK. plach-y (nyr.iH- 
BuK); dzlob (K^ieBi), cp. rji. dziob-ac (cjeBaTB), ^emcs. zob- 
ati; zysk (BuroAa, no.iB»a), hbi z-ysk^ sop. isk, cp. pyccif. 
e-ucnarnhj ucK-arm; po-wiat (oKpyrx, ytaji.'B), Kop. i;ei h np. 

7cBJreHHafl KopeHaaa rJiadiaA b'b cJOBaxi aa -^l npoflBjaeTCA 
Baop. Bi snieg (cii'brx), Kop. 8nig; lot (noieTi), sop. let^ 
war. lec-iec; swiat (cb4ti), Kop, cehm; roj (poH), Kop. ry; 
hoj (6opi(5a, BoHaa), Kop. bi; loj (roaaxBe ca.io), nop. U; mrdz 
(Mopoai), Hop. Mpis; przy-log (napeHHoa), Kop. leg h np. 

BTopocTeneflBoe -l acixho npoAnojiaraTB Hanp. wh mrzy- 
giod («cKpara», 6yKB. «yMepaiomiM ci roJio;ty»), oti giod (ro- 
JOAi); pedzi'wialr (Bepionpaxi), oil matr (Btiepx); naprawi- 
Stviat (npeo6pa3OBaT0.iB, pe^opMaxopi), oti swiat (cBtix); rado- 
gost (ciaBflHCKiB dan, ropo;i), oti gosc (toctb). 

Bi dobrodziej (ojaroitTeJB), cy$(J)nKC0M'B 0Ka3UBaeTca -ja; 
BX ba-j (6ojiTyQi), H 76-^ (CowiBmaa copouKa), ^poHCXOAAI^HX^ 
OTi KopneM &a h 7i, JHexAy oKOH^iaBieu'B b KopneMi BCTaBjroHOj. 

2. UpHiitpu cyniccTBuiejiBBux'B na -a, bi Eoiopsx^B sopeHBSfl 
TiacHafl ocTajacB HeHSMtBeiiBoH: Zask-a (hhjioctb)) sop. Icksk^ cp. 
^emcB. Idsk-a (jiotfoBi), pyccs. AacK-amt^ cp. mBeAcs. dlsk-a 
(jii)($htb; RopeuQoii cJiori 3,1,'bcB flBjmeTCfl nepecTaBjeHnHHi); 



410 079«. -a Bl OJIAB. JISHBAX^. § 157« 

tc;ac2-a ( HeAOcraTOBi, nopoBi)^ riar. «ra(f0-ic ( npeniiTCTBOBan, 
BpoABTb), qemcB. vad-iti (Btmany ((paHBTB); ion-a (seia), 
Rop. gan; gor-a (ropa), Eop, gor=^gar ((dm Tflseian^ 
chluh-a (xBajfa, ZBacToscTco), rjiar. cUub-xc (xBajsn, npeBOS-^ 
BOCIT&), cp. H chetp'icai^ (xBacTaih); 9;ti^-a(<KCJisra»-*cya(6- 
CTBHT. lyiR. poAa, zoTii ei oBOflqaBieHi seacsaro), rjiar* si^k-yo 
(ciyxvn); rdc-a^ xf.-iou. pxM; maAw (lyjca), fj. meazyc 
(ly^HTK), jLp.-((o.4r. MXYHTii; wy-pfat-a (njaiesi), sop. plat; 
ode-jsur-a (otb^ti, BHSBaflie), an -^ziwa, rjr. ewad^ ap«-<(oit. 
:(Ba-TH (^both); po-t^g-a (chjib, loryoiecTBo), sop. f^jf, cp. 
Ap.-tfojir. TAr-HXTH; prae-ajskod-a (openiTCTBie, npHBHA^flie), 
Kop. sjshod (qemcs. sX;o(2^, rjiar. szkodz-ic (speAfln); do-god-a 
(yj[o6cTBO, yxoBjeTsopeHie), rji. godz-ic (cTpeaBTbca, npin- 
pan); po-gard-a (opeapiHie), sop. gardj rjiar. gardz-ic (npe* 
BHpaTB), cp« pyecB. topd-uU; kresra (iiBBaaa qepia), sop» 
JcreSi cp. hreS-lic (lepiffTB); pod-niet-a (ipyTi, BOflya^xeflie), 
rj. niec-ic (EHcftcaTb oroBb, no6y3BABTi»); po-kor-a (ooaopaocn), 
M. korz-yc 8i§ (noKopaiwa); ^o^-a (ysaci), ra. groz-ic (rpo- 
bbtb); jK)-niir-a (apa^iflBiS Bsopi, yrpsiocTB)^ Kop. ntir^ raar* 
nufjer-yc (norpysBTt); po-mst-a (oTOBotaBie, Bosaesjiie), irax — 
*3(t»cm-a, cp. AP**($o^r. iyiikCT-HTH='DOJbCK. msdcste; na-gan-a 
(nopBiiaBie)y sop. gan^ rj. gan-ic (BopB^aTB); b'b pr-a (yxyfliaB- 
Baa sapa, Ta^ejsB M^J^Jl^), BSflyB^eBa BopeBoaa raacaaa e, 
Bop. per. 

CyB^ecTBBTeiBBHfl Ba -a, bi BOTopHzi Bopeaflaa rjiacBaa no^- 
BcpraeTCfl noxieuy: o-bor-a (xjiia^B, ropobhbk^b), sop. her; za- 
por-a (saABBSBBy bbcobI)), sop. jper, vs. za-przec (saaepeTB); 
O'tuch-a ((JojtpocTB, AOBtpie), sop. tuch=^\}c< z-gub-a (ao- 
•repa), Eop. gib (xp.-(5ojip. ruK-), aeoBpex, ginqc (hbi *gil>Dac, 
cp. Ap«*<(ojir. ruE-NXTH); mar-a (cflOBBji.'kBie, flpBBBA^aie), sop. 
mar (cp. pycca. y-Mop-uwh); o-soh-'a (oeotfa), Bop. seb; Hed-a 
(6ibda), Bop. bid; woje-tood'a (ooisoBOAeiti), Bop. wed h sp. 



*» 



€?««• -a Bi nojiBOK. H ^iniGB.'Ji8. gg 157^168. 411 

GjlOXBHff CJIOSa, B^ KOTOpHXl CJ^^BKC'B -a o^HapysHBaeTCii 

BTopinHMi: iapi'-dusza (<cAixai)n(il nposeiHTOBiy peBHynniiB 
vb otfpameHiD bi cbod Bftpy^, 6yBB. « saxBaTHBaixiiii AyinH»), 
«n df^^jgra (apoHcmoAinaro mi> Much-ja); Ualo-gKw'a (&kJio- 
roioBuB 'U, xeflBiBHa), orb gHowa (ro.TOBa); maci-wod-a (bos- 
lyTHTeJibi taiiHBfliHKiy BapyniHTejiL cnoaoBcTBifl) , oti woda 
(«BOxa» — 8T0 ciOBO SBaqBT'b co6cTB» <ciyTfli4iB BOAy»); ciagni- 
skdr-a (6yBB. cpacTurHBaD^iB Kosy» = «canosHHKX»)y on skdra 
(«KOsa», cp. pyecB. wnypa); mocey-mord-a (bi npespHTexB- 
BOMi evHCJi'b: cn&BBHiiiay nBTyxi»), on mord-a (nopAa, pnio, 
pon) — aa bto cjiobo nopasBiejiBHO BOXOABn caflesp. mUrdhan 
(jiotfi, rojioBB, BoM. & Both, Skr. Wtb. Y. 856); stawi-nog-a 
(«Bp'baBTeJi&fl06 iiBapcTB0», eo($CTB« «nocTaBJiflnmee na Born»), 
on nog-a (aora); dtabi-kur-a («y($iBi(a Eypi», HaaBaeie «ii- 
CBitB^X ^'* ^^^^ (KypBija); skorjsy-pi^t'a («Tpyci» = «co 
CBOpHMB niiTaM»), on pi^t-a (axTa), h np. 

3. CymecTBflTejiBflflfl aa -o: pidr-o (nepo); sian-o («ctHO» — ae- 
B8B%cTsaro BopDBy eciB, BBBi no.iaraon MffSJiomBqi^ ae co- 

CTOBn Bl CBBBH CB ctS-, Bl EaKOBOH'B Cjy^at BMtCTO -O 

AoiSBO (Sh npeAnojiaraTB OKoaqaaie -no^; mi^-o (hbco)^ xp-* 
(Soir. MAC-o^ nd^'O (mojioko); ajslan-o (cepmoBBBa) h np. 

§ 158. OsoB^aBie -a bi qemcBoi^B bbhkI. 

OyaiecTBBTejiBBHa aa -i, ei BeBBBftaeflaon BopeHBon rjiacnoB: 
Sfd'pal (nHJiiy peBBOCTB), ria?. pdl-iti (z6«n»); neltiaA; (npe- 
uftAOBaflie, aaoopi), Bop. Hsk, rj. ^i^ft-noi^^i (THcayn); vy-buch 
(rpecBX, jKBkf'h), Bop. (ucA (b^ rjiar. bowh-nauti «(Tp6CflyTB» 
OBasEiBaeTCB ycH^eflflaa BopeBsaB rjiacflaB); po-hreb (noxopoBu), 
Bop. hrd) (hrdb), A^.-donv. no-rp6E-i (cp. flitf. grab-en «pHni» 
I grab «BorHjia»); s-Jdep («norpe6x», co($ctb. vcboa'B))), Bop* 
Jdep, ep. s-Jdop'iti (eaycTBTb); pri-jem (aozoa^, Bpievi), Bop. 
jem (({paTB) = cap. ^am (AP**-({ojir. m-th, ibi *jem-ti| h hm-ath); 
^-nem (ceBn), ib'b Vjem (on Toro-xe xopaii); nd-syp, 



412 cy««. -a bi q*EmGK. jishk^. § 153. 

;ipeBHe-6ojirapcKoe H^-cin-ik (rjiar, Nd-cun-aTH) ; let (nojeri), 
rj. let-eti (jeiiii), bi ycHjreHHOMi bha* Ut-ati; pa-rez (neHb), 
Kop. re^er (ptsaTB); listo-pad (oaAaBie JiHCTbeBi, nofldps), rjiar. 
pad-ati; po-mer (oTHomeflie), rji. mer-iti (pyccB. Mtp-HTb); 
ob'lek (aaaTbe), Hst "cb-vlekj Kop. -y^eA (rjf. vUd «TamHTb», 
Ap.-(ioJir. BA'Biu-TH^ BiitLK-;!;); nd'Jdad (asAepsKB), ri. A;{is-H 
(^&Zati-«^, Ap.-Oo-ir, km;^-;^); «ijp (Bonjb), r.i. up-ki (bodhtb); 
v-tip (oexpoyMie, CMtTjiHscCTB), Kop. tip=tep (rj. fep-afi =pyccK. 
wdn-awt^; kvel (Eon.iB, ctioBaHie), rji, kvil-iti (ctiOBaxB, bo- 
dbtb); o-strov (ocipoB'B), Kop, sru (leqb), TaELi-sasi t vl v 
BCTaBBJi; V'li'V (ejiiflHie), Kop. li (U-ti «MTb» — v H zji^ich 
BCTaBKa). 

GiDAa npBnaiJiesaTi n it cjoBa Ba -i^ b% ROTopHXi ABjmnT- 
cfl rjracnHUH 2 h r: u-prk (cHibHoe Haiia;i6Hie, nanopx), cp» 
rjiar. prch-nouti (yfiiajaTb); cJioBaijE. mrk (o6jiaBo), HemcB,. 
wraA;, Kop. MphK, cp. Ap.-(5oJir. Mpi^K-H^^TH (afepK-HyTb); nUk 
(vojqaHie), Ap.-6oJir. ma*lk- (cp. MAi^KOMb <cuoJ[qa, iiojiqajsBO^); 
CJiOBaiiK. vlh (coK'b, BJara), Ap.-5ojir. BiW-iKi (ctipufl); nils 
(mbomctbo^ jiaBosiuS nycoBi), rJi. mls-ati (iiaKonHTbcii); krk 
(ropjio)^ caucKp. krk-a (cjobo npoHcxosioflifl SByBonoxpaxaTejb- 
Haro, OT^ KopH.^ kark; cioia noAxoiaiB h pyccE. napK-amhy 
^emcK. krk-ati); vlk (Ap.-tfo.ir. batjcl), nepBOH. Kop, *vark; 
Irk (acTBOJ^, TpyCica irepa»; on BeHSBtcTHaro Kopaa); ^p.- 
^emcK. plch (jai, glis «coHjiHBaa (5tJiKa, C0Hfl»), rjar. |rfcA- 
»ow<i («JHHflTb» — cp. Hattala^ Zvukoslovl, 65); ftri (apoT'b)^ 
nepBOH. Bop. kart (cp. caHcsp. kart (cptsan, py(SBTbx>); srp 
(cepn^), nepBOH. Bop. sarp; hrh (rop6i), jip.-fioJir. r|>iB-'L. 

•i Bi cioxBHXx cjoBaxx: hricho'pas (afijuoAOMsi^ — oysB. 
atJproxo-nacb))), rjar. pds-ti (aacTH); hnido-pick (apeapHiejb- 
Hoe BEipa^enic: «nopTHoH»^ 6yBB. <xBOJiDiiiiB rHBA'b^)^ rJiar.jpicA- 
ati (aojoTb); daro-her (BaaToquHKx), rjar. brd-ti (dpan), Bop^ 
her (leruy AP*-<5oJir. E6p-x); ticho-slap ((!pi)3r4, noA-iaaa); 



0T««« -a Bi qsmoK. fl.BHKfi. § 158. 413 

deje-pis (HCTopia), Kop, ^5 (nHcait) — bi psd-ti Bnnajia ko- 
peoHaA rJiacHflfly cp. ;ip.-tfo;!r. nhC-ojH; ne-do -cue (uoiioKocociX 
rjiar. cuc-ati (cocaib); hadi-hr (sHteaA^), rjiar, ^rdti (nosH- 
paiB), Kop. zer; darmo-tlach ((JojuyBi), rjar. tlach-ati (6oji- 
TaTb); drevO'kep (ApoBOctK^) , rjar. stip-ati (py(5HTB ApoBa). 

UoA'BeH'b KopeHBoB rjiacnoB bi nepBH^nHxi cymocTBHTe.iiiHQX'b 
Ha -i: hd (aoinr, THiHBa), nar. AiZa^i- (vi-Jdati- <caojiOTb, 
noTpfieaTB»)y nop. Jcol (u npeACTaBifleTi AOJiryo rJiacByH), co- 
OTBtTCTByD^yiD KpaTEOMy 0, Op. TpaMM, I, § 78, 253); vy-voz 
(bhbo3i), Hop. vez (.ip.-6ojir. Be^, CKp. vah); zd-vod (aaBe- 
AOHie), Bop. ved; pri-nos (npHAanoe), KOp. nes; plot (aatfop^), 
Eop. plet; pO'Jcoj (nnp^^ KOHHaTa), Kop. hi (bi nepBoaaq. sHa- 
^euii «jiesaTb, oo^iBBaTbi)); s-mes (cM'b'^B), sop. mis, rjiar. 
mis-iti (=MtcHrb), jar. mis-ceo (4p.-6ojr. cl-mm-Ii); jpo-ioft 
(pyieH), Kop. tih; kd-hon (BtutToqHaa- rpa;iii, itBtTHHKi), aop. 
hen, uoTopnB b'b qeiucK. flSHK'b CHHrqaoTCii bi len, cp. ;^ene« 
(roHK)), fleonpeA* hnd-ti (riiaTb), bi yciiJi6HHc8 j^oput kon-iti; 
sloh (cjiori), Kop. ZeA (jer); o6-ra^ (itapTHBa), Kop. fez (Ap.- 
Cojr. p-Ri^); bqj (tfopLfJa, cpaaeifie), Kop. U (kh-th); roj (pofi), 
Kop. ri^=^n; brouJc (»yKx), Kop. hruk (cjiobo SByKonoApasa- 
TejibHoe), cp. rj. hruc'eti ((SopMOTaTb); ob-t^r (nojie, naniBA), 
Kop. or, rjiar. or*a^i (oparb, Daxan); oh-es (noaicaX bbi 
^oh-ves, Kop. t;i5 (war. m-e^i «BHctTb»); tlouk (necTHKi), 
Bop. <2t«& (rjT. tluk'Uj pyccK. moAOK-y, cp. AP«-((ojrr. ta'lk-hx, 
TATiK-x, Beoop. TAt.ui-TH); cJiOBai^K. oft-JoA; (osflo), cop. 2^X; (cp. 
ceptfcB. bS'AyK «jryBa sanepeAH ctA^a»), AP«-<$ojr. axk-i 
(jiyEi). 

-*L Bi cjiOBaxi cjiosnnxi^ bbbi cyj^^BBCi BTopocTeneHflsB: 
nezna-hoh (aieBCTi), on hvh (6on); vydri-duch (<KCBpflra»)y 
on dwh (Ayxi^ Ayma); mrki-cMup (oaBaqeaie <xcBopBABax> bi 

BpeSpETeibflOHl CKHCJlft), OVh cJUup (BOCMa, BOpOTRiB Boioci); 

Mzi-mir (BapymBTeJiB Mspa)^ on mir (upi) h np. 



414 Gy«o. -a bi ojiab« adssAXi. § 158. 

OymecTBHTeji&HHfl na -a, BisoTopHXi KopoBHax ciacHaa ocft- 
eTCfl BeHSMiHeBHOiD: po-dob-a (cxoactbo), nd-doba (nocjjia), 
oz'dob-a (<cyspani6Hie]», hsi '*o-c'b-;(o($-), sop. dob^ cp. jihtobciu 
dab'lnti (yspaman); tjn-a (TOHflOTa), sa EHnyKen leu's ocjatf- 
jieBHoB KopeHBol rjacflol hs's UMa » *tam-a, sop. tarn (csp. 
tam-as); pH-sah-a (npHcara), Kop. sah, Ap.-tfoir, CAr-na^-TH 
(apo-, pac-TBByTB), cyntecTB. npH-CAra; |w^-^at;-a(apiiroTOBJ6- 
Bie), sop. prav; po-nUuv-a (ueBOTai sjiocJOBie), sop. nUuv 
(roBopHTb), AP«-((oJir. ^jiuhth (aryxiTB, roBopHTB); o-ba-V'Q (ona- 
ceeie), aa BCTaasofi rj^aaro t;, orb BopH« ba (Ooauch), neoup* 
bdti 86; zd'Sluh-a (sacjyra), sop. sluh (slouz-iti «cjiyxHTB»); 
cjioBai{B« mrt^a (()iiyxHBiia), rjar. rnm-ar (BepTftTB, csBraTBca); 
du-ver-a (AOBtpie), hsi *do-Ter-a, sop. ver, war. vefntt; 
modl-a (syMHpi) , ot:b rjiar. modl-Ui (se) — hoihtbca *; ne-5- 
bed-a (HstfajiOBaHBHB) ^ BxtcTO nez-ved-a^ hbi *fle-ci-BeA> 
Kop. ved (BecTB); cioaaipK. ti-hr-a (jiHXBa), Kop. ier («nosH- 
patB, HCTpe6jiflTB»; bto cjiobo bo HHiben BR^ero otfQaro c% xar* 
usura); vy-sad-a (npHBueria), rjr. sad-iti; Jcres-a (jiJiBBBaa 
^epTa), riiar. JcreS'lUi (qepiBTB); lad-a (((orHHa jirXSbh y j[peBB» 
cxaBHHi; BpacasBiia), sop^ lad^ cp. rjiar. lad-iti (jiaAHTB); ne- 
hod-a (lecvacTie, Heyxa^a), Kop. hodf rjiar. hod-iti se (roAHTB- 
ea); od-men-a (BOBHarpasAeaio), sop. men; po-tvor-a (ypoAi*), 
Bopw tvor (TBopHTb), FJ. tvoT-Ui; cjoaai^K. nar-a (soxoaosb), 
rx« nof'Ui (aorpysarB); ob-ltid'a (o6xafli^ npHBHAtaie, ^yAO- 
BBBie), Bop. ludf cp. cepocB. Ayd-UAO (cyaaniecTBie); tut-a 
(Aypajiefl), sop. lut (3Bf Eono.ip.)f cp. po tut-mu (Tflxoioiaon); 
ne-pO'Sed-a (qejiOBtsi 6e3noKo8flH8, HeycBA^iBBHB). 



^ KopeBfc modi OKaauBaerca cjOKOBimy xota OT^'&nHUfl ero qacTB BeBaBrBci- 
Bbi; d npRBaAiexBT'b ::b KopeHsoiij cocTacy, Karb bhaho wh cpaBBeBiB cpoASux^ 
CdiOBii: Ap.-apyccK. madlii MMOjuTbcai — Nessdmann^ Spr. d. alt. Preuss. 114; 
maddla ^Mojurrtvn, jaroftCK. m^lsti'S iiiiojBTLCjiii, nacr. Bp. meldi-ii toh *ioeld-ju; 
6en coMBtBia h abn» mdd-en «B8Btii|Bn» o^^paaosaBo sa ocaoBft Toro-gse Kopaa. 



tS70(D. -a B!b iismoK. Ji I7S. fl3. §§ 158—159. 415 

Ojn^ecTBHTeibHSH Ha -a c% noj^ieioHi BopeEHofl riacuoB: 
Ud-a (((t^fty Bysxa), sop. ^ (i — rjracHaa youeHBajr, Gp.' 
TpaiiM. L § 78, CTp. 252 ~ 253); ved-a (Baysa) nop. vid 
(vtd-eti <c3HaTB»)y cp. eaHCRp. ved^a (sHaaie, aayBa); pod- 
par-a (noABOpa), sop. per; pri'loh-a (apntfaBoirb), Eop.IeA; 
H'tech-a (yrbmeHie), Rop. tick; Jcldd-a (sojiOAa), nop. Mad 
(sjacTB); trdv-a (rpana), sop. tru; zd-pon-a (saeTexsa, sa- 
iltnsa), Bop. pen; mur-a (yxymie BO^Hoe), sop. mor — mar 
(mar-iti <KMyqHTi»)»); ntm-a (qejiOBisi fltiofl), on nem-y; fi/rvz-a 
(yzaei), sop. hroz^ n. hrozAti (rposHTB); 6b46h-a (aeCiocBJiofli), 
Kop. leh. BTopnHHMi> -a oBasneaeTCfl bo vBorHxib cJOBax'B cios- 
Bfixi: UuC'hub-a (A($eAHVBiy ((ojiryHi), oti huha («pon» bi 
npocTopiqin); utri-miskHi (((jidaojihs'b) , cyqecTB. miska (((jid- 
xeqao) h op. 

CyB^ecTBHTejBHM Ba -o; jh-o (hfo); mas-o (Maco); pSr-o 
(nepo); mUh-o (hojoko); prdv-o; lad-o (napeHBeay BycTaa aea- 
ib), Bop. lad; ples-o (spjyxa, 03epo, riy^BBa bi boa^X sop. 
pies; lin-o (jiUHOBiiflie)i Kop. lin (ep. pyccB> Aun-nmh); plan-o 
{oTBpHToe flOJie, BEipydiieHHHS jTbci); Z^^-o (Kopa, jihbo), Bop. 
lyk; lerm-o (myiii>) saBVCTBOBaHO hsi b^x. Zdrm; sot^^t-^ (ay- 
eo^eai), Bst so (ci) wsi-o (—s-tisto) on ust-a (pon). 

§ 159. Gy^^^uBCb -a bi JiyxeitBOMib aaaa'b. 

1. OymecTBHTeJbHUJi na -i c^ BeesviHeHBOi) BopenBon rJiacBoR: 
$M(2 (cyAi^)! rjrar. BudUc^ Ap.-($0Jir. c^A'HT"! ^^^^ (spirBi), riar. 
JS;nc6o; ^0(2 (aaAanie), vs. pad-ac; kolo-maz («RoiecHaa cias- 
Ka, KOj[oia3b» — ecTB anpoqeii xeHcaaro poAa), rj. maz-ac; 
dfevo-rez (ApoBOctsi), ri. rezac; po-cisk (($iJ0cafliey HeTarejrB- 
Boe BOoi>eX rjiar. cisk-ac (6pocaT&); track (cTpaxi, (SoasHB), rji. 
tras'ic (nyraTi>) h trasc (ooTpaxuBaT^ TpacTB); dopokaz (ao- 
EaaaiejiBCTBo), Bop, kaz; fed (ba'b)) aop. *arf, rj. jh-c (tCTB), 
H8i ^jed'tif cp, jes6=jedz (annia, BymaaBe); chod (xoa'b, no- 
lo abb), chodz'io (&flSflO-3ys. chadas); po-stup (noerjaoBi, 



416 OFOft. -a Bl OJIAB. ASHEiXl. § 159. 

nporpecGi), Rop. stup^ AP--(Sojrr. CTxn-; %a({ (ssfbH), cp« pyecK. 
fad-w«a H %ad'Umh; fle-rost (MHeepan), Kop. rost^ war. rose 
(pacTH) H3i *rost'Cf Ap.-6oJir. pacTH (h31 *pacT-TH), pacTx; s-Ztrft 
(((otf^Ti, o($tmani6, coi03i», seines. s7i6), rj. sZt^b-ic (o($'biiiaTB), 
Ztt&'ic; st«-lo% ( (J^hthjib)^ Bop. ^oA-j^aA, vji. zah-ac (ocse^BD; o 
iieJiB3a SAtcB c^HTaTB ycHjiennoX) rjiacBoS| cp. I, § 79| 259); 

j)is& (CDHCT'By SBJSl), TJ. pisk-ac (CBHCTaTBy HrpaTb Ha HBCTpj- 

MOHT'^); 9n€Z& (MOJ^aHie) rjr. melc-ec; kur iAun^ UHJb), r^iar. 
kur-ic (BypHTB); na-po-rad (nopHAoai), rj. fedzAc (npwBOAHTB 
Bi nopBAOBi), cp. rad^ a^.-^hv. pAA'L; p7e«A (njiyn, pajio), vn. 
pluh-ac (Tan^HTB); HHane-JiyK. diym (rjydnfla), cp, diyni-oki 
(rJiy($OKifi)y sop. diym o^obbaho otbochtch bi Ap.-tfo^r. rA;Ke-OK-i, 
EOToparo BopeBB taxc = glub (glamb) nepaoHawJiBHO npeACTa- 
BJiBJii uon BByKonoApasaTOJiBHHH; Apyrie npBiitpci hsi HBSHe^ 
Jiys. Bap'b^ia: na-jam (naeM^), Bop. jam (Ap.-6ojr. m-th, hm- 
oth); na-val (tfoiBmaa BOJina), Bop. vd (bbjihtb); voh-lek 
(oa^zab)) JiL^'h*oh'vlek, Bop. vlek; pO'f>roisf {<cBe^(ihK9L», cp. qemcs. 
pro-vazj noJBCB. po-wr6z^ pro-wdz)^ Eop. vajs (Tasi-EaBi r 
qflCTaa BCTaBxa, cp. ^emcK. po-vHs-lo «CBflcio», o($pa80BaBfl06 
m *po-viZ'lo)^ Ap.-(5ojir. ba^-oth; puj-vuj (a^BJiBHi^— ciobo, 
npoBcmeABiee BCJi'bACTBie yABoeHia SByBonoApaxaTejBiiaro Bop- 
bb); z-ry-v (poBi, BHa)i Bop. ry (v BpEcraBJieBOy a^b fl8($tza- 
BiB siflBifly TaBi-EBB^ 3a HHMX DposAO cjifeAOBBJio FJiyxoe -l). 
Cp. Bsik Bepxfle-J(ysfli(B.: sy-v (aociBi), Bop. sy (syc <(ctflTB)>); 
kry-v (RpHBia, aamHTa), Eop. kry (kry-c «ephtb»); vo-dze-v 
(oAeaAa), rj. vo-dze-c (oAttB), Bop. dze (a^r-, cap. dhd); bi 
pO'pet (soja, neQe.n)9 to^. pd=p(d (<KseqB» — qemcE. pal- 
Uiy cp. fl pycCE. nuA-amh) 0Ba3HBaeTCB j^opva yABoeHBaii. 

2. Gyfli,ecTBBTejiBflfiiB aa -*l ci ycBJieHBOiD BopeaHon rJiacsoS: 
mdr (qyia)^ Bop. mor (cp. mm=«cMpy»; d, BaR'B AOJiraa rjiac* 
BBB, cooTBiTOTByeT'B EpaTEouy o; cp. I. 259 — 260); pldt (sa- 
dopi), Eop. jpZej (jp{e^2«=nA6T-x); mroz (lopoax), Bop. mer^, cp* 



osro<&. -a Bi Jiyz. flSHSfi. § 169. 41? 

' merjgr-nti (HepsHj); v6-z (bo3i)^ Kop. t;e^; rdv (poBi), sop. ry 
(ry-ju poi)); po-koj, Rop. iU; An<^' (eaBoai, sail), nop. Am 
(%nfo=rHH-Tb); sot; (moBi), sop. si^ ta. sic (mHTB); stdd (co- 
jioa'b)^ Bop. slod (slad)/ cp. slodi-ic (noxcJiamaTB); lep (uefi), 
Bop. Up; hvas (c(CBaAB($a| sasBaca)) — hi nepBonav. SHaqoHiK 
<KKHejiHB flaaHTORix>), sop. MSf t]f. Ms-aty (muaS)^ AP*~tfojir. 

npHHtpH BTopi<iHaro -*l: pO'brdh (tfeperi, notfepeasBo), ox's 
brdh (tfeperi, xoI3ll^); pri-bdh (syxupi^ nAon), oti MA ((SorB); 
vot'Scen (TtflB, OTitHOEi), OTT seen (Ttab), Ap.-6ojir. ciLHb h np, 

3. Gjn^ecTBHTejiBHBfl aa -a cb BeHdHtHOHHOi) BopeHBOD rjiaefloS: 
k-ja (me^), AP*'tfoJir. uih-h; kos-a (soca), sop. kos; hn-a 
(seaa)^ ran-a (paea), Kop. ran^ cp. caacRp. vran (paaHTB); ^-a 
(nflia), Ap.-(Jojr. n«-a; Jrorf-a ((Jopoia), Ap.-(JoJir. spdA-o; do- 
tH>Z-a (nosBOJieBie), Rop. vol; hid -a (HenaBncTB)i vMv.hidi'ec 

(BeHBBHA'bTB), KOp. kid (COCTOHTB B'B CBH8H CB pjCCR. tad'^ 6p« 

I ^emcR. o-hizd-nyj pyccs. tad-Ktii); na^doh-a (fTBapB, nocjAa, 
nojcHBa), Rop. dob; dup-a (ahp», enaABna), Rop. dup^ cp. ceptfcR. 
dyffoK (rj[y($ORifl); krep-a (tfojiBmaii rbbjib), cp. ^emcR. krdp-'^ 
ati (RanaTB, aaRpaniiBaTb); smcA-a (oapeflBBa^ napoBoe nojie), 
rJiar. smai-ic (noARflvaTB napi, pacnaxHaaTB BOBHBy); pereh-a 
(iiejiRiM ao»ab), Rop. perch, cp. qemcK. po - prch - dvati (<3(Ha- 
KpanHBaTB»9 — o AOXA'b); vot-fnolv'a (oTBtn), rjr. -molv-ic, ap-- 
tfoxr. maib-hth; pfed-syd-a ( opeAciAftTeiB) , Rop. syd; pre- 
rad-a (BSMtHa)^ Kop. rod (cp. ^lemcR. jsrdd-a); vu-tup-a (npa- 
Tynjesie, pasopeuie), Rop. tup^ rj. tup-ic (ncTynjiiiTB); cMam-a 
(nacTB, MopAa)i Rop. chlam (cp. qeiucR. chtafn-t'Oti «zaAHO 
ftcTBft), rji. cUam-ac so (cbjbho RpBqaxB), cp. jiar. clam-are; 
trad-a (uoaoctbtorx, BysAa), rji. trad-ac (vBfSAftTBCJiy hh^tb 
BOAOCTaTORi^), pyccR. cmpad-amt; rad-a^ (cTpoRa, piiAi'); pre- 
vah-a (oepeatci)! Rop. vah, cp. vdh-a (b^h, BasBOCTB); tuj-a 
(ROM^eiB, JiDABRa), FA. tuj-cc (ap^bb. tujrac «RaqaTB»). 

27 



418 o»«^ -a, -i Bi ciAB. «8. §§ 150 — 160. 

npBv&pH un flBSH6-jiysBi(Karo Hapini: j?ar-a (rpjrsB, fle« 
wcToia), sop. j}ar, fji. par-is (seqB); dep-a (Bia); ne-dor-a 
(<KBpeAHocn, fle3AopoBie» — JPful^ Laz. Serbsk. Sh 1092), sop* 
clar (ep. ^emcB. jerelar <tycain»9 cfonti $e «ycniBaTb»); roz- 
pad-a (ipen^Hfla, mn\ sop. pad; vostich-a (yBejci) ho co* 
CTaBjeflO Ha ocHOBasiH ojibb* KopHH (such) 9 a saHHCTBOBaHO i 

BCBaseflO BBl flil. 6^^. 

4. CyqecTBflTejiBBHfl aa -a ci ycBieHHOi) rJiacBoI: hed-a (rope, 
suocTBy fitxa), Bop. &i{2 (cp. lemcK. hid-n^ cneciiacTBHt, xai* 
Bil»); pn-loh-a (opHdaBjrOBiei xotfaBOsi), sop. Uh-] na-vuk-a 
(yveflie, Haysa), Bop. vyh (cp. npu-eun-arm) ; na-lcav-a (hb- 
BOBaj[i»Bfl)| Kop. /bfi; bbeb. - xys. po^stot-a (nocrejib), KOp. std 
(csp. Btor); AP«"<(oxr. ct6A-kx; BBSfle-iys. vob-loh-a (Tyu, o({« 
MBtt)^ Bsi db'Vlok- Bop. t;{6%; <ffA-a (sapa, bboI), xp.-((oir» 
Txr-d (rope), sop. taf. 

OaoBa Ha -o: per-o (nopo); prav-o (npaeo); vok-o (rjran); 
Jsat'O (BOJieco); dob-o («BpeBH, nepioAi^) » cp. nemcs. dob-a, 
pyccB. p'doff'HuU; hard-o (ropjocTB, BHCOBontpie) on hard-y 
(ropAHH); lad-o (Heo6pa((oTaHHaH, nyerax aeuH), Bop. lad; chl^o 
(ufttfi — Pfidf 313); pfi'Slov'O («DOCjioBHi^a)> — o saImsbokob- 
wale BTopocieoeBHoe , paeno bbbi vb opejiniecTByDiiiHxib rpen 
eiOBBXi), on siW'O; vu-Mad-o (ciyzoBoe obho), fjl vu-Uad-ad 

{vMJ^rh^ HBftTL BHA'^i yCBBTpaBaTB). 

OsOHiliBlB %. 

% 160. BoHewoe i b% AP^BBeii cmbbhcbobi BsiiB'b hoa-^ 
BoprayTO tfiuo ociatfieHiD b'b l; vh ApoBHdT6ojirapcBO» h bi 
pyccBOBi HSHsaxi BTB FiacflaH yAopsBAacB B Ba HHCBvfti Bi npo- 
9BXI ze cjaBBBCSHZi BSHsaxi Ha oflCBBt en ho bbaho, bo obb 
Bce-TBBH saxtTHa BO oBaaaBmexy aa npOABiecTBynntyo coFjacBjo 
exiir«iaDn(exy BAUBii); dojiBmBBCTBo othocbb^hxch cdab ciobi— 
sopBotfuTflaro otfpaaoBaBiBi isxk ^to *i^ opeAOfaBAaen cy^^Hsei^ 



ftpenymecTB^HHO HepBocTeneflHHS«r -l o(!pa8feifi odHftHOBenffo cy^ 
qecTBHTennHfl seHCsaro po^a; BopeHs npasHJiBHO ocTaercfl He* 
iBiiHeBHHMi, ptABo DOABepraoTCii ero rjacHan ycHieniD. 

npHiipB B3i xpeBHO-tfojirapcEaro issEa: 

Md^-k (mbsb), rjiap. ua^^-OTH (vaaaTBy Havanian); blc-l («X6- 
peBHBft — qemcB. t;e5^ ves-niee), nepBOB. Kop. t^ (co SBa^efli* 
en «BxoiiHTB»)^ CBp. Bop. vig-, OTsyxa eB noAieHovB KopesHofl 
FJacBoS t;^^-a (aomi, zBiHme); iiiA*k (oB^a), Kop. ad (icn); 

Vb BTOBy BOpBR) DpBMHBaeTB TBBXO M6AB-^-k (BOAB'bAB), BpO- 

icmeAmee bsi nepBosav. ^madhu-ad-i (cboai ftABDii8»); npo^ 
noA-k (pa3ciABHa« TpentBBa), sop. n^, cp. pjces. rtpd-nacmt, 
FA'b BitcTO -k npBCTaBJieHo oBOB^aeie -^i ( *pro-pad-ti ); Kon-k 
(bcto^hbb'b, Banjfl ), Kop. K^n (KAnk- BCTpibqaoTca tojbbo bi co- 
eABHBHiB cb cy^^HBCOHi -ja: KAnk-n Cynp.); nA6T-k (sepeBBa, 
mbtb), rjr. hagt-x; /coT-k (zeiaHie, (SjryABBiia), nop. ;got, riar^ 
jcoi'%m («zejiaTii»; hi> ^emcs. BSHKib cAoif snaqBTi <KseBa»); 
ci-BSA-t" (coBibcTB), rjiar. bhauh, aacT. Bp. B*BMk (bbi ^ed-mi); 
CkYk (nrina), bs'b *sik-i, sop. sik, caacBp. sic (opomaTs), vs. 
€ki|-dTH, B^B. seih-en; cVM6T-k (bbbobi^ bombtx), Bop. M6t; 
:^-k (aeniecTfiOy vaiepiaAi), Bop. i^kA, vji. ^-oth (gtpobtb); 
»AiiA-k (xeuBHaB opeABOTi, BosAtJeBnaB semk), riar* 2KAIA~ 
nH (zeJiBTi.); coA-k (coab), Eop. sar^ caHCsp. sar-as; imui-k 
(MHBib), JiBT. mtis, Bop. mus, CBHCsp. mUsa, on BopflB m^l 
(bjib mus tspacTk/ BopoBaTb»). 

Bi CAOBBBi MysecBaro poAa sa -k npBBaAJexarb, Bpoaft 
Bsme - npBBOAeHBaro M6AB1!.a^ Banp. ypu-k (^epas), eancBp* 
krm4, jkbt. verm-i-; a^enp-k (sBftpB, wb boabcb. BBuat zwiera, 
BO vb ^emcB* BBSBt zvef — iROBCKaro poAa), cp. rpe^ ^li^ (ao- 

ycBAOfiie BopeBHoB rjacBoB otfnapyxBBaeTCB bi eioBan, bbbi- 
To: cap*k (6ofb6i), Bop. E6p-, cp. sip-OTHCA (Cynp.); ctoya-i^ 
(cTysa^ zoioAi), Bop« cruA-, cp. ctu-nx-th (ciBByTB), bbi 

27* 



420 07«(D. -i Vb OJIIB. flSBKlXl. g§ 160 -161. 

*CTLiA-; BOAO-Tov-k («KaHaji*B»— spoii boao-tct-l), sop. rex^ 
nepBOH. tcJc* 

BiopHqHoe oKoname -h flBMercii npeHNfQecTBeHBO vb eio- 
Ban npoHSBOABHrs on npHiaraTejiutim h BBpaxftDn^Hn no- 
HflTiA oTBJieqeHHHfl: tb^^A'^ (tbopaoctb, B:p%nocTB), ot^ tb|^1iAI 
(TBepAHtt); T^'h (uo6i)y on^-i (3JioR); i^abui-l (paBEHea), 
on paELWb (poBHHB); CToyAGNk (cTjxa, fojiOA'B)^ on croyAen 

(XOIOABHH); CBO-EOA-k (BpOHft CBO-EOA'bN*b «cbo($oahhBv, co<S- 
CTB. «6B06-($BTBll8i»)y On CBO-EOA-A (COCTOflmarO H31 H^TOIl. 

sva «cBoBx>, H FJiar. Bopn; hu «(SHTb»); npiui|^0CT-h (opoeTOTa), 
on npBJiar. npocn. 

§ 161. Cy^xj^Hsci -b wb pjccKox'b a^wii. 
1. -b Basi osoHqaflie nepBOCT0ne:iH)e: tpn^b; rjiar. tpjis-Htftnh 
(b*b ycueHHol sopesHoi j^pii tpya-umh); pdc-Kom-h (Ap.-($oir« 

paC-KOUl-b), XOp. koch (jID^HTb), BAICI BHXOABn HSl OOlbCS. 

hoeh'oc (jiD($HTi>), qemcB. koch-ati se (aacJiaxAaTfiCB); ffoM-h^ rjr. 
doJi-nmb; Kop-h, rjiar. Kpti-mh (((?to naspiiBaeni>); njpd-no- 
ethd't, Kop. vid; %npo'Mem'h, soTopoe aojtsho npeAnojaran 
no cyBtecTByiDn^eB (j^opMft TBOpvTOjibHaro naAesa: i^poMcm-h-n; 
CHop6'h, rjiar. CKopC-rymh; sh^Aeoicb^ vjl. Aeotc-amt; 6AHd'h, Ap** 
6ojir. EiUA-b (fraus, meretrix), on Bopn. EiUA> riar. cjiAC-nr, 
H8i ^blend-tiy BacT« Bp. eitKA-x; nd-xom-t, rjiar. xam-mmb; 
b-nttC't, pyKO-nuC'hf ndd-nuc-t^ rjiar. mtc-d^mh (bi sanaAfloi'b 
OTAtiefliH cooTBiTCTBOflHQfl cJiOBa DpeHHjmecTBeHHo Mfsecsaro po- 
Aa: nojiBCB. pod-pis^ poA* pod-pis-u; przy-pis; qemcB. pod-pis^ 
rukO'pis H np.); oou-h, n. eou-Amt; cM-tf sop. jam (aaxBa- 
THBaTB); HAod'hj rji. KAocmt (i3i Idad-ti); Mos-b, rji. Miti-amt; 
b-utyn-h, rji. myn-aim; nad-h, rjiar. ndd-amt; mon-h^ tji. man- 
inmt (mo-nymb, coKpaqoflO hbi ^topnut); no-mdn-t (oti tofo- 
so KopHfl); c-ejiS'b (Ap.-($0Jir. C'b-BA^-b, cvba^-Ii, hie ci noAV 
eHOHi rjracflol: ci-BX^-'b), sop. ena, vjl. ena-amb; npi^-Kun-b, 
n. Kun-hmb; auC^b^ vs. auC-amb; nUt-cun-b^ ri. cbn-amb; dm- 



oy9«. -i Bi pyooBOHi jiBHBft. § 16L 421 

Mm-h^ rji. Aea/C'itmh; npad-t, rji, npsc-mty xp.-tfoir. npAC-rn; 

Mar. fM:m«, Rop. ^; o-fcdm^, rjar. irofn-eipmv d-Kyurt (mas6.=> 
«OKyHBBaDiitiKcfli>), m. o-ntfuymt; d^-uus-h, vs. nua-Hmt; dpoS-t^ 
n. dpo6-umh; nprm-h^ vs. Kprm-umt; %yc-h (masc.)) xp«-($0Jir. 
rxc-L, nepBOH. Kop. ghans; td'Ay6-t, Ap.-({ojr. to-axk-l (Mh- 
"uomEVb, Bildong d, Norn. 24 — 25, cpaBHHBan bto cjiobo ci 
Tp69. %oKvfA(ios oduaaaTOJEi 80x028811^1 npiBOAHTi otfiflCHeme 
•ro ^epesi ro-enpeAi* ^^^ h axe-l, cooTBi^TCTBynn^ee no sop- 
bd csp. ^afni «naAaTB», lasi-qto ro-AXK-b=*aya-lamb-a=«na- 
xaDqiS, norpyxaDmi8cH»; BBycoBBfl npaBHia He roBoparb vh 
nojiBsy otf'biiCHeBifl go mi ova). 

GiOBa ci BTopocTeneHBHN'b OKonqaHien -b: y-poBen-h^ on 
pdeH'uH; shAeu-h^ on sMguuii. sop. jefeJ = nepaoH. ghar (cp« 
caHcap. %ar-i sejieHiiB); mpem-h^ yhmeepm-tf on nip^mitf, v^m- 
eepmuH; ^epn-h^ on HSpH-uU; d-auMh^ on atun-d; cuf<-t»| npHJitir. 
cuHiU; ehmofU'hf on ^^mrritf; uytf-fti on tdyfi-OKiU (xojisho 
<(htB| on npocToB yrpaqeHHoS ^opMs *rjiy6-HB); tAytu-t^ on 
tAyx'oU; npd'Crbd'hy on cnd-dU; bm-meneA'tf on meiuftitt; dm- 
jM(C4-»y on yTpa^eHHaro *dT-pac*jisfl, cp. ^emca. od-rost-l^^ sop. 
poem; HhneAh^ on mtAinom; hcmoA-t^ npuar. acmbjHii; d- 
dyp-h^ on dyp'hdU; duH-t^ on dUfc-Ht^ npsMhj on npjiMoU h np. 

npH otfospftfliH BTHxi cjTOBi o^HO otfCTOBTOJiBCTBO BaciysBBaen 
oco(SeHBaro BHiaaBia, noBHO to BjiaBie, soTopoe oaasHaaen npa- 
eiaasa cy^^Hsea -l aa yxapeiie BopeaHoro . cxosa: bo acin no- 
qn eiy^aaxi, wb soTopsn aajrae'Tca npexJion nepexi aacTO- 
jin^an BopHon, yxapoHie oaxaen aa aron npoAion: d-auju-bi 
dm-mene4«y bSnuah^ ndd-niiCbf e np. 

Rn BToro npaaajia acBinqaDTca BHrne-npHaexeHHEu: onimtf 
fumbnt. 9to aajieBie ycHaTpaaaerca a Tai%, n^ Bin npoAJo- 
roFb nepoAi aopHaia: a vh Tason cifiat yAapaetca saqais- 

hhI uon^ xora b vb eaaou Bopeaaon uov% jAftp^Bio m* 



i22 oy«». -i B» OJAB. B^uKix%. §§ 161-^162. 

wn Be u nepBOMi ejiori: aej^i^i bo ahMHbf HemeSpmtA^ 
HO if^tfiymb, I up. 

UpautpH un MAJopyccsaro napi^Mia: $\cb (ocb), mt. a4?i*$; 
40iMc (jiozi>)i AP*-({ojir. Nai-h; pin-t (f^i)^ sop. rak {^vom^ 
pBTB»); tpna-t; aa-no-eid-^ (-eidh^f^ctz. -etbd-h); Btopnafe 
'h: cum-tp on cum (pyccs. cumz); fflA-h (({ftjHBBa), on ds^ 
(&bJL%); po6$H'hp on jHeeu (poB6Bi); nep^en-hy on sep^en a np« 

§ 162. Bi cep6c&oai asaai ape BHojcat oaoHqaflU -h npen- 
mecTBjDBiaa Gorjacaaa bo BcerAa jA^pxaja caar^eBie, lasi-qTO 
oveBb qaCTO TOJibso paajaqie po^a pftfiiaen aonpoci — otfpaaoaa- 
10 JiH CJKOBO nocpoACTBoai OKOHqaBifl -a, bm -t; BHorxa pi- 
maen a aaajioria cpoABHXi cjobi ciaBflBCSBXi: ucno-eftd (aaeno- 
BtAB» — ht cep6cB. €ioBt KoeeqBaa corjiaceaa Tsepjia); meap 
(fern. aTBopeoie*, -p h sAicb TsepAoe; cp., bbbpotib^, pycca, 
meap'hi ^meap-h); hyd (cpoABOCTbi cpapoABoe cboBctbo), ep. 
raar. hym^^nmu (qjBCTBOBaTb); 6o4 (($ojib> i^P®)> vi. CoAnmu; 
6up (fem. ccofSpafiie, BajiorrbD)| ri» 6u-pamu (co(SiipaTb| bb((b- 
paTb); Kan (apoBejibBHB soJIo((^), uar. nhnamu (saBaTb); d-auji 
(oaaib), on 9UMa; MAod (tarn, ^iojoahb SHBOTBua^-^^^B^ 
^epBoropiE), nfM.MAad (kojioaoI); ko6 (fern, cacxptqa, cyAb- 
(Sa^), rjur. nbS-umu (BpoABtBiaTb, BcrpiqaTb); ubdo-cmum 
(BeAoapiiocTb, KOjiocbB BOAOspiJiHe), rAar. fmutnymu (Aocrar- 
ByTb)» Bop. cmm (cp. jbt. ve-stig-ium «caiA'b, Tpooa»); eKp6 
(8a($0Ta), rJi. cnpS-umu (sat^oiBTbca); xopa. cy-hym (coqyaGTBie), 
raar. Jtym-timu (qyBCTBoaaTb); Hh'MO% (doilsBbX rAar. Mbhu 
(uovb, (tHTb Bi eocTOBHifl); jfo^ (jozb), TS. Aii-amu (eaer. 
Bp. 4d(w:ejM=Ary);n2^ino-Mata(cBOlSoABoe sacT6rflie),r^ar. ndcmu; 
Ada ((KBZOA'by OTBepcTie bi 3a6op'b»'^F65e7ic,Becnik, 129), rji« 
Aha-umu (noisarb, xoAHTb); neh (aeqaa), sop. neK, ri. nh^u 
AP«-($ojrr. neuiTH; zopa. hh-Mau (qyAOBaaie, npflBHAftsia), sop. 
tnan^ cp.pyccs. Mau-amh; nk-pad (BeAftaTejibHoeTb), n. pdd^ 
umu (p«((0Tafb| cxapanca); hH'Coa (eoieaie), vi. cdA-untu (to- 



C7«ft« -• B*B CJIOBHHOB. 4I9HB«« | 168* 423 

mn); $hSopae (8a($QBqiB0CT&9 aatfaeHie), rnr. satfop-lieumu 
(oosatfHTB); ud-pyn (ccyAS, saen), on pyna (pxicA). 

HeptAKo BMicrb ci MBrKocTW KOHeyBBX'B eorjiaoflim ai- 
KOTopua cioBa HSMiHBDTi H poA'B: 3ud (masc «cTiHa»y TorAa- 
Kan AP«-tfojr. a;hAb xohcb. poAa); oc (ocb) 6ct& seflcaaro, ho 
H ijzecKaro poAa, paBHo saai Kan, AP«-<$ojir. och (fenu); Kpta 
(caiOBB, yteci) bi ceptfcK. asHKft vysecaaro poAa, a vh xop- 
BBTCEon seHCsaro (VesdiCf Been. 103, a; JLaepoecKiH^ Gepttes. 
pyecK. GJiOB. 268; rji. Kprn-amu); tbes i n^^Atd (He6peK-. 
boctb), rji. u^d-aifiti (cioTpirb, ruAtTB) h np. 

§ 163. UpHMftpH Hsi cjiOBEHcsaro asfiiBa: j4d (raniaX rjr« 
i^8-^i (jid-em); Ida (iozB-^AP*-((ojir« ausl), rji. la^efji (HacT. 
Bp. Idztm H lagdm); tie («b6qb, jitJio»— saBSHtfleHieHi sna* 

WBU oho TOZA^CTBeHHO 00 j^Opift €1 l^.'^OJLV. |^Wb), ROp. r^j^/ 

dA;r& (saiioTa)^ rjiar. skrh-iti (sadoTHTBCB); Mop (cfiaieHfia), ep. 
^emcK. Idop-iti (npHspHBaTB); nd-std (aoACTHiiKa), rji. sUjdH 
(cTJian, npcTHJiaTB), hbct. Bp. stdjem; os (ocb)^ Jiar. axis; 
mid (h^ab); od-pov-M (npoHsaociiTGii odp6vd «otb'Iti)»), aop. 
ved^ cp. vtditi (shbtb), nacT. Bp. i;^— otb Toro-se BopHii 
DpoHCXOAirb po-vid (pascsasi, caassa); gr6z (rpflSB, tfojroro); 
odiv (noKpsTie, nuTBe), sop. di'^ny.'6oAV. pflL- (n lemcs. 
usHKi odeVf poA^ odev-u octb ays. poAa); cud (noi^ysA^Bie, 
cbjiohhoctb), cp. cAd'iti se (yAHBJHTbca); v^a (aoBaasa, comx), 
TM. ves'dti (hm v6e-ati)^ AP^H^ojir. ba^-oth; m6c (cHJia), rj. 
m6U (6HTb vh cocTOflHiH), mdrem (mofj); rtz (py((ieH06, ciq- 
sa), rji. rtzati (p'bsarB); vraz (cjOBtpie, npeiatniaHie), mr. 
vrdzitif hjih vrazovdti (opeACsasHBaTB, npeABtH^aTB), AP*-<(ojir. 
Bpa»;-HTH (opoACKaBfaiBaTB, saBHiaTbca BOJunetfeTBOi's); smit (fenu 
«cop*b»)| ynoTpeiSjiaeTca npeHHjB^ecTBeHBo Bi ^opaft iBos.: sm^ti 
(qemcB. smeti)^ rjar. mha-ti (lecTf), mlt-em; p6e (rpentHHa, 
mejiB), rji. pdkati (TpecBaTBca, f^LdObffl/ficz), pSknoti , AP*-<ioar. 
RXK-HX-TH^ ^emcB. puJmouli. 



424 oy9«. -t Bi oJiAB. usHRAXi* §§ 164— 166. 

-L RaBi OKOH^aHie BTopiriHoe: pre-sJcrb (3a($0Ta| npeAjciaTpv- 
Baaie), onskrh (sadoia); mnoi^ (fern. ((MHosecTBO^), orb mndg 
(KHoriS); po-nddd (eecHa), on mldd (xoioaoS) k np. 

§ 164. npgiibpH HS'b ($ojirapcKaro bzum. 

coii (cojib), Kop. sar; ^6T (((8flTB»— sAtcByse ho yxepsHBa- 

OTCfl HflrsocTB coriacHoB, sa soTopoH) npesAO ctojuo -b); r&- 

AiB (rojytfi), xp*-<$oiT. roiUREh; mhui- (ynoTpetfjiJieTCfl o($hkho- 

BOHHO Bi yiOHBinflTejiBHoS (|)opHt: MHUi-Ki)^ csp. m^sa, Maio- 

pyccB. MUma; Apoc (fern. «qacTB, otphbosd^), n. a(^od^ ("^' 

Apoe-b <cApo($j[i)»)^ cp. Tasse ApoECN (sycoqes'b xjittfa hjie vaca); 

no-;«)T (ii5-;coTb <xnoxoTB| sejiamex)), nop. ;^t; cirbpE (ropo, 

cKop6B), rji. cnpEb (csopt^jiio, qyBCTByx) rope; H^aHsoBH npi- 

^oxsTb ^opiy skrub'^ skrubi^ Gramm. d. bulg. Spr. 205); 

cnpeoic (f. aHHoS))), sop. XreA-y cp. ^oincB. s-kreh-nouti (obo- 

leHftTB, saiiHpaTB on Hopoaa); AAikaK(<icAOJ[roTa)»— cp. ha a^us), 

on npHjar. AA'br^ AP*-<Sojir. a^v-^l; Tsp^A (fern., = TBbpAi' <>^Be- 

tfocBjioHi»y Morse^ Engl. & Bolgar. Yccab. 230), on TspiA 

(TBepiaB, BptnKiHy HenoABHSHuB ); asbAY (sejiqB)i on mit 

(seiTsB). BcTptvaDTCA h laBin cyffloCTBHTejiBHHay soTopHfl, iy 

Ay^H otfpaaoBaHBi noHoniBiD ApeBEAro OBOH^aHiii i, HSHtHHiH sea- 

CBiB poA'B Bi HysecBiB: H^-p^v (oxanaa), on pWL (pysO; 

AGSK (cTopso, Tpyni), rji. MSiL (Jiexy); oe-hy (jto^obb), aai 

*ob-Yic, rj. OE-iiY-ui (j[d({jii)), Bop. -uk- buk- cp. pyccs. nju- 

euK-awb H np« 

§ 165. Gy4»$RBci i vh uojibcbovi aaiiB-i. 
IIpeADiecTByniitafl tfHBmeHy npesAo bi ynoipetf jtemH -b conac- 
Hail BX CBoeii CMar^eniH BcerAa yaasHBaen ea yTpa^eiiHyi) riac- 
Hyio; npaBOHEcaHien npiHiTO BHpaz»TB MarBOCTB bohotooB eo« 
mcHoB R Bi ry^HHX'B, BOTopsa eo6cTB6HHO He cnocotfaa ei» 
ciarqeHii), IIpHHikpB nepeaqHaro cy^^asca -b: toi^s (ropBiai 
saBXDqeHieX riar. wi^s-U (npHBHsaTB, saajiDqaTB, nocaARTS Bt 

Ti)pBiy)| AP»*<(ojr. BA^-UH (6htb aaxBaqoHHHM'b, noBKaHHfiai»)> 



oy««. -i Bi noiiGR. JiSBKfi. § 165. 426 

^emes, t;eier-6<i (HaxoAHTBci rA%-HB($yAii) ; s(fl! (eoib); oi (ocii); 
fries (AepeBHa), xp.-($OJir. Bbc-b^ csp. t^a; ttt;ar0 (viniie), sop. 
tuH>rj VJL. tworz-yc (TBopm, otfpasoBaTb); OTTfAB-se npoicxo- 
AHrb po'twarz (KjeBOTa), u. po-twaraac (KJieBCTaTB); mysz 
(iruuib); g^S (racb); ros-Jcosz (yAOBOJiBCTBie, pocsomb), rj. Jcoch- 
a6 (jD^HTb); harm (masc. nHD^a^ Ropvi), rj. karm-ic (<xBop- 
iHTb» — ^emcK. krmiti); $o}} (DTHqil Kopxi), sop. zdb (KJieBaTb)i 
ep. vemcB. zdb-ati (sjieBaTb)^ eob^dk (rjidbi); po-scid (uo- 
OTOJib), rji. B?ao (b8% ^stitac ccTJiaTb, pa3CTijiaTb»), hbct. Bpei. 
Sciel-e^ CBp. sop. star^ mi. st^-no; tei (auo^), fjl Igac-^ 
tge; sie^ (cftflB) — DO BceB BipoBTHOOTH OAHflasoBaro ci ap»- 
6ojir. CEHb (TtBb) npoHcxoxAeniB; rjeracjer (Bonib, a^jio), cp. cjio- 
BHHCB. r&; ntedS-toiedz (masc. «H6ABtAb»)i bbi *mied*; &ron 
(opysiii)y rji. hron-ic (saQHfliaTb); w(yn (($jai OBOHie), rji. tvoniac^ 
troniac (esABBaTb npiBTHHM sanan); chec (<cboM| oxoTax>), ^emcs. 
chuif Bop. ehot (^^.'Cojlv. ;vot-iith); grodS (asropoAb, satfopi), 
rJL grodZ'iS (ropoAHTb); ot-chlan (pascftjiBHa, ((eBAfla), sop. cJdanj 
cp. ehlan'Sko (oponacTb), ifx. chlama (aacTb, MopAa); roz- 
pacz (onaBBie), n. roz-pacz-acj Kop. pak^ cp. «iemcB. roz- 
poky (cHyqeBiei saTpyABHTejibBoe nojoseaie); rzed (ptsBB, spoBO- 
npojunie), rjr. rzezac (pta^-nH); tycz (so^i, th^bbb), Bop. tyk 
(ep. pyccB. mbuc-amb^ ^emcs. do-tyk-ati se «AOTporflBaTbCB)»); 
ga6 (xBopocrby npyTbB, BBBaBsa), Bop« gat, ep. qemcB. hat-Ui 
(sanpysHBan ^ sanyTHBaTb); Macz (sotfimiia, BAiiqa), Bop. 
Jdat (sBaqeaie HeBSBiCTBo; n ktad—on bo nierb bb^ofo o6- 
maro); cieca (svABocn), sop. tek (Tevb-*AP*-((ojn'. T6K-x)^ rjiar. 
dec (TeuiTH); nac (iiBCTba pacTefliB)| sop. not (aeHSB'bCTBaro 
BBavesifl); straz (cTopos!b| Kapayn), . n. strzec (strzedz csa- 
payjHTby CTope^bx)), AP«-tfo^r. ct^iliu-th ; u-ciecir (tfirciBO, npB- 
(SjuKHQe), KOf.tek=ciek (6ftxaTb); rzyc (saABBaa), sop. rzyt^ 
lemcB. fit' (riar. Ht-Ui ^dpocaib, HSBepraTb^); s-pas (sopi- 
leaie)! Kop. paSf vi. pasc (nacTB); o-Uerz (ao^hWi OAejkAa), 



426 oy«ft. -i Bi cjiab. asBKixi. §§ 165— 166. 

Kop. her J vs. hra6 (cpoTH); slrgyi (cTpHzsa OBeiii), riar. strsyo 
(CTpn^b); przy-toi^i (caypOKi, opaajsaa), n. tirte^W. 

DpHatpu BTopH^iBaro -h: dlui (^AOJirora, f^snty^ — i€ dlui 
<(AJiHHOH)»)« on dlugi (AoiriS, a^bdhhH); hroce (pHc&, pHca- 
cthH titn), on A;roA; (mari), n. kroczyc (aaran^ Atian 
6ojibmie marB); mid (HeiB, leJiKoe mIcto), on mialH (ieji« 
BiM); szera (eiBpHHa), on szeroJd (mffposiH), xp.-doiv. uiupon; 
gl(^ (rjij^BBa)^ on gl^oU (rjiydoBlB), AP*-<{oirapcK. taxeok-i; 
deicz (abboctb, njcTiiHa), on dziU (ahkiII), xp«-<Sojr. ahbhh; 
U'locz (tfoKoaaB, oa&Jtbflax xopora), on hoh (6oKiy cTopoHa); 
po'droz (nyTemecTBie), on droga (Aopora); czern ( qepoB), on 
czarny (^epHsB); czerunen (qepaa), orbczer^wony (spacHHl); 
Ud (6%ji06 njiane)| on biaty (tftjisR) h np. 

§ 166. npBiipH B3ib ^emcKaro jrasKa: 

CjioBa ci nepBBTOUMi -b: zd-vrai (Kpysenie fojiobb), ri. 
vrt-eti (epik-TBTH «B6prkTB»); s-md (o(SHSHOBeHHo bo mhos. 
^fleji. smeti <i(Copi»)^ nop. met (HecTH); zei (cTina), AP«-tfoJr. 
j^kA'i^; odpo-ved (oTBtn), sop. vid (ved');pO'Std (nocreiB)^ 
M. sUd'ti (stehu); s-mes (hsi *8li-Hies-i), pyccK. e^Mncb^ 
Bop. mis (mieh-ati^ mfs-iti — Htmani HicHTb); 6<refl (cTopoxi^ 
xapayiii), rjiar. strez-Ui, AP^-l^oxr. CTp^Biimi; pri-trz (ocra- 
HOBBH, npespan^eflie, saAopssa), sop. frA, trh-nouti (AopByn); 
lee (c^tb), rji. Uc-Ui (nocTaBBTB ctTB, cbish); z-bran (opyxie), 
FJiar, brdn-Ui (san^eiiiaTB, otiopoHBTb); ober (i^o^Hqa), e-lir 
(sHBHOCTby CBOJioqi>)| Kop. ler (tfpaTb); hrdz (DJiOTBi;a), mr. 
hrad-^i (oropazHBaTb), cp. pyecfi. tdpodz^ us-%opodh; o-tep 
(cHoni cojiohh), nop. tep (Chtb, yAapaTb), cp, rpeq., ruw-r-a^, 
caHcsp. tup; sec (pi3HB, (Sopb(Sa)y AP*-((ojir. c^avb, sop. ' csk-, 
qeracK. sek; hrez (rpasb), vn. hrez-nu (rpasHj); do-kon (okoh- 
iiaflie), u. ddkon-ati (okoh^btb, coBepmaTb), sop. hon^ eeptfcs. 
Kdu'umu (AftJiaTb); choi («s6Ha, cynpyra», coticTB. «seAaflfla4i, 
u($Hiaa»)| Kop. chot (nar. chtiH-^ i3i *chot^^ L § 86, 272), 



€¥««• -i Bi qsmoR. Jisas^. § 166. 427 

jip.-<Joir. ?«)t-wh; cJiut (CKJioaBOcrb, anneiHTi), orb Toro-xe 
KopHH; moc (voq;)), icop. moJc, cp. z-mok-noiUi (apoHOHHyn); 
Jdon (craCs, neperatf^), tjf. hlm-iti (kjohmtb), cp. rpeq. xA/v-wv ; 
nd'pec (flHpoxeoe, neisa), Kop, j?eA; (neK-x); ii-;ed (qacib ai^JH 
Aim oxoTBfliibixi co($aKi ), viop. jed^ CKp. a^; na^ (jmeTBfl pa- 
CTeeifl, ocotf. y KapTO(f)ejiH, (ioTBa)^ Kop. not; lei (ciaa nTHi^i), 
pj. le^eii (JieTtii)); ob-ei (aepiBa), bbi *ob-vet, Kop. vetf n. 
ob-etovati (ffiepTBOBaib), H31 *o6-i;e^; t?y-toi5 (asBJie^eBie), Bop. 
^ (TflBjtb, Tan^HTb); roz-kos (yAOBOJibctBie, BacjiasAenie)/ ri. 
kochati se (BacjiaxAaTbcn); t;o(26-dfrj$ (BOAflBaa rpasa), Kop. 
irA, M. s-irA-w(W<i (copBarb); cj^oaaits. stac (AOBOjrbCTBO, h3o- 
(Sfijrie)y rji. stac'Ui (6uTh AoeTaTO^BHM'b), coBpa^eui h3% ^stat- 
oitij cp. do-statec-ny (/locTaTO^BHl); pli (cJUHseBb, yjiHTKa), 
rj. plajsiti se (oQJisaTb), Rop. plaz; louc (.ly^HHa) apOBCXOAHrb 
OT'b BeyuoTpe^JBeHaro Kopaa luk = ruk (ciaTb), cp. AP**(^oar. 
Jioyv-a (.ly^i^), jbt. {e^o?, fotck. liuh-ath (cb^ti). 

2. npBMtpEI CJIOBl Cb BTOpa^QHM'b -k: A^OU^ (rJiy($HHa), OTb 

liuh'Ok^ (rAxe-OK-'L); Jar (ooetB^ BeceBfliS), OT'b jaro (Becaa); 
nd'Tuh (oxanBa)y oti ruka (psKa), cp. pyccs. b6'pyH%; o-kroo 
(poA'b fiOJecHBiiu), on A;roJ!; (rnari); sir (inHpHua)i on siroky 
(mHpoKiH); nd-ves (AepeBCBCBaa nJioniaAb), on vea (AepesHa), 
Ap.-({oJir. BbC-k; nddz (licoRi), ei-mJ^ac? (MOJiOAaB Tpaaa), on 
ndady (hojioaoB); ne-sfide (saTpyAfleaie), on snad-n^ {n^nVl^ 
B6 TpyAflnS); A^i (naJiBa), sa ycBJOBieui KopoBBoB rJiacHoM bbi 
M-j^ (rojiufi); ckud (tf'bABHe), en cAu(2^ ((tABHfl); ^^reifn (nojio- 
rocTb, noaaTocTb), on strana (tfoai, cTopoHa); na-proi (or* 
nopi, DpoTBBOAaBjeflie X on jproti (IIpOT|IB^)y CKp. |?ra<i; o(2- 
no^ (oTflpQCK'bi OTpacjib), on noha (aora); v^-boe (^oKOBaa 
Aopora), on bok (6oK'b); nia (aasaeBuoe iiieTo)| on nisky 
(fliauili); zlui (sojiTaaaa^ xejiTuS ABtTi), on Uut^ (asiiiin); 
cb'tii (BaTpyA&BBie), on tei-k^ (TpyAUH8)f AP-'^oir^ TAsftbK'b; 
dun (ateto, osapaeiioe cojiaqew), on dunce (coibdio); pk-lm 



428 oyo«. -i bi gjiab. b^u^ixi. § 167. 

(seeai cosHTOJibHHqa), oti loSe (lOse), bi fHOHbiDHT. sia^oBii: 
lui'kOf cp. rpei, a-A^-of"; pauU (nycTHHjr), ot% pusty (njerot). 
§ 167. Gf4|)4»a&c:b -b vh jysHiiKOX'b naptqii. 

1. GjOBa, oKaH^HBaDoiiflCA Ha nepBaqsoe -b: ves (AepeBHfl)i 
nojEbCK. toie^; hup (nosynsa), ri. kup-ic, kup'Ovac; vo-Jdep 
(CBflBsa coJiOHu); v6^ (sanax'B), rj. vomS (AiJaib tfjaroBOHHHii); 
bron (opysie), rj. hr6nic (Boopyxan); sep (sy^a), vjl. sep46 
(aaaon^iflTB), pyccB. Cbm-amt; M (dojiOEh^ iflsra), masc. h 
fern.; mys (MUiUb); rye (jfaasi), Kop. rek; tyc (xiitjieBafl 
TOTBHsa), Bop. tykf cp. muH-ea; mid-vedi (masc. MeAB^AB), 
Bop. ad (tcTB); moc (cua, MoryiiiecTBo), rjar. m6c (io^b), 
BSi "^moh^; par (sapa), fji. pari6 (sew, sapsTB), pojedi 
(symaHBe^ xeccepn), n. jesc (tCTB); sen (cHOBH,^ibHie) = s6n^ 
cp. ^erncB. sni'ti (bra^tb bo cHi), — xoth b'b btohi cjiobA, ecu 
OTHOC0TB ero E^ oepBonaqaiiBHOMy npoicxosAefliiDy oBasHBaeTCa 
cyj^it^HBcoH'B -na^ if.'6oJir. c*bN'b=cap. svap-na; jsa-mein (nepe* 
Htua, saMtH'BX ri. m-men-ic (nepeiftHHTB, saHtHHTB); pfed^ 
strdi (nepeAOBoH nocri), vjl. stroaic (bb nepBOHav. SHaveHiH 
«($AtTB)ii Bi HacT. BpeM. <xflyraTBi>); vupo-^z (cysAOHie, hb- 
piqeHie)i vjl. vupovedzec (BscBasaTB), iB.(i^.vid;po-wedliwk' 
Benaa poca), sop. med = med (JPpuli Luz. Serbsk. slawn. 492); 
tvar (Bon^flnay coTOBaa aqeBsa), rjiar. tva/ric (o((pa80BaTB| CTpo- 
htb); kohfMz (BoaecHafl cuasKa, udionasB), vjl. maz-ao; w/l- 
hrdii (mxH, Boopyseuie), Bop. hron. 

2. Ojiobb c% BTopisqHUH'B -b: corii (qepHoe njiaiBe, ^phhI 
ilBibn)| oTi corny (qepHHl); pod-noz (cEaMeSsai noAHOsaa) 
on noha (Hora); na-ryc (Hapftqie, npHB4TCTBie), ot-b rye (pt^B); 
po-ryc (pasroBopi, BJieBOTa), on Toro-se uoaa; tverdi {t^tatk^ 
MaxepBBi), on tverdy (TBepAuS, Bpinsifi); na-daws (AepeaeH- 
CBaa uoqaAB), coapaiiieHO hsi ^nadowies, on ves (poA* vsy 
aAopeBHflD); siddz (asycB), otb stdd-ki {cMffh-n); ^er (fflHpHHa)i 
on seroki; vecer (ysHH'Bi Beqepfl)| on vecor (Boqepi). 



cy««. -u Bi AP* Bojrr. asbk^. § 168. 429 

IIpBitpH OKOHWHifl -b HBi HBSH6-JiyxHi{Baro flaptqifl: to^i 
(ny^HBa, rjy^oRoe (Sojioto), sop. ton^ cp, pyccs. monymb; gran 
(BBHorpaA'B)i Rop. gran; man (MHoxecTBO, TCJEaa), nop, man, 
cp. AP**<{ojir. UHorLf roTcs. manags; s-cH (TjrmHHa), on 6ichi 
(THxiB); mlodi (nqeJiBHuB npauiOA'B), on mtody (iojioaoB). 

OBOHViHIE -il. 

§ 168. TaKX-Rasi Eoeeqeoe nepBO($£iTHoe -u^ paBHO RaR'b h 
BpaTRoe BOHe^Hoe -a bi ApeBBe*($ojirapcRO]i'B BBSB'b BspaxaiOTCii 

paBHOCHJIBBO qepeSI -li, to, OqOBHAHO^ Ha OCBOBaDiH OAHOrO TOIBBO 

Ap.-($ojirapcBaro flBHsay npBAopsBBaiiCB oo^bei iCRjr^qHTenHO 
ciaBiiHCBoSy HejibSii OTJiB^aTb ejioBa ci cy^^HBCOMi -u on ciobi 
ci OBOflqaHieMi -a; cjoaa aa -u MoacHO BHBecTH tojbro oomou^bh) 
cjiHqeBifl cpoAHEm $opHi bi ApyrHZ^B asHRaxi. TaRHMi o($pa- 
80HI Bi ApoBHe-6ojirapcRoi'B ii3UBi osasuBaDTca cjiftAyDnti^ 
ciOBa n nepBOHaqajiBHHKi BCHeqHfiiaii -u: uej^-'L (hoai)) caHcap, 
madhu (Rop. moeZ^, rpeq. fze^-Vf jhtobck. med-U-s; AhTh- (ci 
npHeiaaiieHHHM'B yHeHBinHTejiBHHMi cjofom'b -ki: nbri-Ki <KJier- 
]uB»)y csp. Za^Ae^y mat. lem- (msi Hegu-i-); riUA-ii (tojioa'b) 
npoHsomio caopte h3<b *()fra(2-M, HezoAH hsi "^grad-a^ no aea- 
jioriH cooTBtTCTBOHBaro roTCR. gredus; iiiiaA-*b (iojoaoB) odpa- 
BOBaeo H3i ^mrad'Uj bbri bbaho I3^ cancsp. mrd-u (apOTRiB, 
HtsHBB), npoHCXOAflmaro on Ropaa mard\ nkc-i (co<$aR8y bSci) 
pasBHJiocB B3T> nepBOHaqajiBHaro ^paTc-^^ cp. caHcap. paQ-u (cso- 
THHa), jiaT. jpeo-te, roTCS. faih-u (cROTHHa, cson, HHyqecTBo), 

Ap. HiH. f%h-u; BpliI^-lCaCROpsBx), cp. pyCCB. ffopS'Uitf nOJIBCR. 

ha/rda-o «oqeHB»9 qemcB. hre^o <ccBopo») cooTBftTCTByerB rpeq. 
/3fct%-u- (RpaiBiB, He6ojiBmoB )y cp. Curt. I. 896; ScUekher^ 
Gosipend. 887; €aaa~'I'~ (<xcjiaARiB]> — yiioTpetfjiaeTCfly paaao 

Baai AbT'L-, TOJIBBO Bl CBflSB CB yMeflBDIITeJBBHM'B -Ki: CJUA'l'-K'b), 

rpeq. n<^-J-, caecRp. 5t;dd-u-, Jiai. sewtv-t- (h31 •st?ad-u-i-^; 



430 €ytf«. 'ha bi cjiib* ^tshkaxi* § 189« 

ao^-v (bi cBHsii cb -rL: xiji^-k^l ayssiBi)), caHCBp. ahh^Uf 
roTCS. angv-U'S^ mt. ang-u-sto-. 

Tlz'b coBpeHenHHxi cjiaBHHCBuxi ifSHsoB'E vb cy$4>HBey -tf 
OTHOCflTCJi cooTBiTCTByK>qia npHBejieHHSHi BHme ipoBHe-tfojirap- 
CBHMi ^opMaii BBpaxema: pyccR. Med-z^ nec-z^ MOAod-bU^ cjuid^ 
KiUf ysfd'H; ceptfes. nedy nae (ci> nepBotfoTBon riacHoBy paaao 
Ras'b B'b caHCsp. pof-u)^ MAad; nones, midd, pies, ^emcB. 
medj pes h np. 

B'B otfosptBiH cy4»({)]rBC0B'B, coAepsaqvx'B corjiacHBfl (see paa-* 
BO, BaqHflanTca jih ohh c^ rjacHQXi bjh ci corjacHuxx), ($yAyn 
npBBeAefln OROBqaaia, coAepaRaniifl ejitinyDniie paspaAQ cooae- 
HQXi: 1) ropTaHHua: hy g; 2) sydHna: f, d; 3) rydasa: b^p, v^ m; 
4) DJiaBBHa: {, n, r; 5) mHnaqia: s^ s^ Zy z; 6) nojryrJiacHHa: j^ v. 
fl6(!BHxi c, c 6yxen ynoHaflyTO nps paspa^t o TopraHAHn 
eorjacHHX'b, TaRvsas'S ORt ri bbhi npHMHRanTi no npoac- 
xosAeflin; o ooJiyrjiacBoB v — npn paspaAt o rytfaHXi. 

II. OsoH^utHia:, ooAepsajipfl oorjiaoHXXff. 
L OROH^ABia 01 roPTABHHnn. 

a) Cy$4^ni£CH cb corjacaoB Tc. 

'ha. 

% 169. B'B ApeBRe-(^oj[rapcROX'B asEiRi. 

'ha vh CJiaBaBCRoS coHbt, bi corjacia ei cpOAH&xa asH- 
BaHHy BoptARO o^pasyoTi cioaa ci SBaqeaiea'B yHeBbniRT6J6Haa!B; 
Vh coBpeHeaaiixi ciaBancRHX'b asBRaxi raaoe saaqenie aoctrfio 
ocotfoBBaro paaBRTia, bo octb n Taaia cioBa, B'b ROTopaxi -ha 
ORasHBaeTca cy^^nRcoai nepBa^BQH'B. Ri TaRnxi B'B aPObro- 
(iojirapcKOM'B asfiiB'b npBBaAiexarB sanp. citAyiOB^ia : jjnik -rb 
(8BaR^), B3X nepBOB. *gQ&-ka, Rop. jjnik^ caecKp. gnd (saaTB); 
i^iia-K'L (ccpaeTeaie^y co(Sctb. «^to 8ejieBt6Ti)»)| Rop. jfiik=^TflA 
npBiHBaeT!B si sopai) har^ ROToptil bi caBCRpnit otfRapysi- 



•# » 



oyt*. 'ha 1^1 AP«-BOJir. ushka* g 169. 431 

Baetca bi har-i (a8ejieHBH»-^Benfey—- Gloss. 345-*-yKa8HBa- 
eii Ha Bop« Arl <cTBAHTBCii»), on i^oii- o6pa30BaflO opflJiara- 
TOJibHoe ^6A-6Hi; E|^a-irL (6pm^), Kop. Epa=>&Aar, rjar. Kpa-TH, 
fsp. iAar (hocth); havki (TOJina), sop. i^ar ( QanojiH»B), cp. 
caBCsp. jpifr^f^ (MHoriS, noJHHfl), h8i» jMir-«, rpe4« ^oA<u-, m- 
TOBCK. pUn-as. 

Bt sa^ecTBi cy^^isca BTopoereneHHaro •ica wcto npncraB- 
M6TC1I Ki npHJiaraTenBcmy npsAftBmH urn cnepaa BHaqeaie 
jMeBbmHTeiEHoe, ROTopoe ojiHaso ei Te^eHioH'B BpeveHV HesaMtT- 
flo Hc^esaen % cp. npHBexeHflSA jxe iibn-Ki, z^-k'l, cmavki; 
xpoift Toro: ThHk-K^ (TOBKiil), CEp. tanUf Rop. tan (TAHyn); 
lUKVKi (HiirKiS), jiHTOBCR*inln%J^;Kpiuiii-rL (RptnaiB), Rop. 
hrip'^Tcrap; fii^'i^Kh (jiepssiS, xpatfpsiB), hbi ^acTO ynoTpe((*- 
jMOHaro Api^-x <zpa($pGi8y OTBasHnI), cancap. dhars (($»t& 
ciiJiHM'^ xepa-ayTb), rpe?. B^atr-v') ropk-rb (ropBKiV), aop. 
gar (ssi ^^r bi SHaqeBiH oneuh^ cp. oa^icRp. ^Aar-ma <Kxapa, 
jKApRiSft); KpaTL-Kib X^PO'i'Kil)^ Bop. Akzrf ( py6HTB ), cp. lar. 
eifr<-«5 (RopoTEiB); ta^kk-kti (TaseiuH, tuxrIH), Rop. Mr, ot- 
TyAa Mr-OTA (TarocTB, dpesta); p^ATk-Kii (piARiB), Rop. rid; 
Mp'&^-Ki (fleqscTBR), rjiar. Mpi^-WH (HOHaBExtTb, lepstiB), 
BAVrii-Ki (cHpHi), qemcR, vlhky^ cJioBBeeB. volh4k h np. 

-jko, RaRi cy$^BC*& BTopocTeoeHHHBy otfpasyoT'b cyniecTBu- 
TeiBHHE yHeHBBiHTejiBBHfl: a) lyxecsaro poAa: i|B%t1i-ki (i^ai- 
tori)) on qnrL, Rop. Tcvit (cp. vajiop. neim-na); H^ilOll^-lrL 
(oTpHBOK'B), on fleynoTpetf^iBoiaro ^H^^iiOMii, rjiar. h^aomhth (cjio- 
xbtb); nocAiA'i^-irb (Rosei^i), on roca'Ba^ (flaROseiix), soto- 
poo Bi CBOD oqepexB npoHcxoxHn on ca^^^ ( al^x^); mmhiPL 
(RaiemoRi), on Kairy (pox* KweNe «BaieHB»)y cap. agman^ 
JIHTOBCR. aJcmu (pox. akmin^s); A^pv^CAapi), onAAp'b, Rop. 

' 3to Bept^KO cjyvaercfl cb uoAo6tauiu cj««i!Kcaiai; cp. Baop. jav. oc^ulo' 
(rja3i)y BUpaaeaBmee nepsoaaq. irjaaorbi; Ap.-tfojr* M^-Kl^ c» BacTOjnqan 
KopB. HJ^" ma M:^*. 



482* cyftft. -ha bi ojab. asHKAXi. § 169. 

ffl" (AftTBy cRp. dd); OTi Toro - 26 KopHU, Ba ocHOBEfliH cy^ 
4^Bsca -Nik, BCTptqaeTCfl toxo yiieH&mHTejiBH. aah'L-r'l (xapi); 
uiHn'b-Ki («po3ax>9 cotfcTB. tfTepflaMH ojiapeHHaiTy lepHHCTaji^X 
OT'b *ujHn!L, cp. vemcR. kp (cTpftja)^ h sip -eh ( mHnoBHHBi, 
ABxaa poaa); noAOiivrL (((axpoMa, hhsbaii ^acTb uaTUi, oeotf. 
py6axB), cp. a^a^l-ki (aHa), oti aoai^ (aik&)> nap* ffiAO}[ (bhhbi), 
^emcB. dolu (^emcs. podolek =3 ccflHSflaa qacib pytfaxHx^); -kIi- 
Bx coeAHBeain ex wcjiarejibHEiMH: hh-o-ki (xoHaii, HBOK'b)| on 

HNli (=ieA-HHli <(OABBlx>); HNO-ITL, BBaqHTli CltA0BaT6JIBH0, 

<ic0ABH0Ki8» H o(Spa30BaHO T^Hi-se nyTeai, aaai a rpeq. i4oya%off 

(HBOB'b)y OT'B fXOVOff (oABH'By eAHHsB ); B!LTO|^VKli (BTOpHHSl) 

uBi *dya-tara-ka, on ^hcjiht. fifla^ hojibcs. wtorek (lemcB. iUery 

Hsi^vtery); YCTBp'Lrb-Kii (aqeTBepTHl A6BBii>"s«qeTBepri»X ^^'^ 
Yerspi^ruH (qoTBepTufl), Y6T1J|ihi6 (qerape), cap. catvdr; lun-KiL 

(aBBTHt A6HB» — <i(nflTHHl](a»)| 0TB nATBIH (naTBS)| UCJ[HT. 

iiATk, rpe^. Tfevre. 

-K'L npHciaBJiaeTca Tasse ai Teaax'B^ i%cT0HV6Bil| otfpasya 
B8B flflxi cxoBa BTopaqflua: M'Kh (<cBaBoBx>— aonpocBT. 7f6ios\ 
Teaa M'bcTOHa. Tcay cap. A;a-s;(BTo?); u-rb («aaBoM» *— otho- 
CHT. olos)y cap. ja-s (aap'&q. niry ^ZAJs.'ht^ = m)\ ta-itl («Ta- 
boBb — rpeq. roioZros)^ sap. ta-ko (Taai); hm-kIi (BHaaifl), aa- 
ptq. HNAKO (cjiOBBHCB. indei-U <(pa8flHBx> — jiyx. MnaJd; $op- 
va cooTB'bTCTBeflflafl b:b qemca* asHat oaasHBaeTca bi cpaasH- 
TOiBBoB CToneBH: onacej-si^ BBpaxaa «jiyqmiB)»); BkC-a-irb (aea- 
aiB), sap. BbcaKO, blciko (BcaqecsB, Bootfqe), oti BkCb (BecB), 
aETOBOB. visas^ vish^ caHcapi. vtQva. 

b) EciH 'ha otfpasyeT'B cyn^ecTBBTejiBflHa zoBcaaro poAa, to obo 
npaBBaaeTi ^opay -Ka^ BopoA'B soTopHHi aoaeqaoe a raaBBaro 
cyB^ecTBBTejiBBaro ocaa($jiaeTca vb *l. npaatpH: KOKOiub-Ka (ay- 
pfliia), OT'B KOKOuib ( TO-ze caaoo), cp. eap. huh-kut-a; Muuib- 
KA (aHBiB, HHmeHOB'B), CBp. ni^Aia (masc.)} oti musa; ^enh-u 
(pacTeHie)i cp. ;6Ahi€ (sejioi pacTeaie), Bop. i&i (seiea'bTB); 



07««» -Tea Bi XP«-BOJir. asHKiu % 169. 483 

r;KCL-Ra (rycB, ryceHos^b), on ra;Gby csp. Aan^a (bs s6hcr« 
pox. han^); KOTb-Kd («BomKa»; ynoTpe^jraeMoe Vh pyccs. a* 
ssKt npocToe fcom« b% xpoBHe - (SojirapcsoH'B ho BCTptqaeTca); 
Nencn-M (noBotfpaqHafl), on ncbi^cta; pAEi^-Ka (syponaTsa), 
on pAE!L, cp. HtM. re&-%2(An; Kpoyiub-Kd (<crpyma»; -"L nepoA'fc n 
nopexoAin bi -l, Tasi-KaBi npeAmeexByen ui); iiOTii-Ka (yisa), 
eioBHBCB. patka^ 6ojlt. wmshf sop. nor (jieTiTb), cp* rpe^ 
'Tfir-o/jLca; ApoysKk-Ka («noApyra»| qemcs. druz-kaj^ on fjpo^n; 
AoynvKa (iiioa^ BnaABaa), cp. AoynHHAi h nptijiar. A<>YnA>^ ( Bna- 
jihV, AynJoaaTHB), cp. cep(ScB. dyff-oK (rAXCOK'b). 

-KG BCTpftqaOTCX 61 HCilVKO (fl^JIOKO), Cp. ApOBHe-HftM. aphol^ 

aphd (leiHaro npoHcxosA^BiJi). 

BltCTO -Ul StKOTOpHfl CJOBa OSaSBBaDTCfl Ha -AK'L : CHp-A-n 

(diAHBBi), on CHp'b (cHpoxa), cp. H CHpoiiayL (6i&;^BBB), CH- 
pOTA, CHponiH (cBpoTlTB), qemcB. osir-eti; ion-a-k"l (lOHOBia), 
on iOH*L (mojioaoB), Ml. juven-is; ahbhdki (abk&pb) crosn 
BitCTO *diYi-aki, npoHcxoAfl on ahbhh (abbIB), sop. div; task* 
d-iTL (BeMJieAi^em) otfpaaoBaiocB b3i Heng-j-ahu. 

Hstb CJOZflQxi cy^^BECOBi, coAepsaqexi A;, BaBB riaBHiiB 
8ireii6Hn, aoisho npsBecTB: -hitl h -bcirb (npoBcmeAmee, bcji^^a- 

CTBie BCTaBBH C, HSB DOpBOHaWJiBB. ^ka)^ BS'B K0T0pQX!B -HITL 

ot^pasyen cyniecTBBTeiBHHB^ a -bcrB apHJiaraTejiBHuir. 

-HK*b oBasHBaoTCB BecBMa qacTO cy^^aBcoii TpeiEqaaro o5- 
paaoBaBifl, tfjAyw npacTaBJiBeiEiu'B b'b cjioBaBB BTopaqHaro otf- 
pasoBaHiir, OBafl^HBaD^HHCB fla -bHi (bi TaKom cJiywt BHna- 
Aaen boho^ihuB nasByaii). 

npocToe -HKii (bi seBCB. $opi. *HKA)y vh BaqocTBt cy^ 
i^HBea BTopocTenoBHaro, ynoTpe^jfaeTCB bi HeHBorHxi cjoaax^i 
HBtonilBX'B B'B TasoHB ciyqa'6 BflaqoHie npeHMyn(ecTBeHBo yieBB- 
BiBTejEBBoe: hosk-hk^ (ho2hb*b), on Noxb {wmhy Hosi); nuA- 
HKik (<cB!6Tyx%» <— MiUosisch^ Bild. d. Norn. 82), on nvrxL^ 
Kop. m (riar. nnui noa); ^iut-hki (sojioTaa M0HeTa)| on 

23 



434 oy«9. -ha bi ojiib. <8Hicizi« § 109. 

i{iUTo; BOHH-HKih (cojxan, BOHHi), on BOH-Na, Kop. bh; Biims^ 
ma (tfCHAfliiiiB BOAiit, (^JiBSRiR, AOBimHiB» — Bspasaen eynie- 
GTBHTeji&flHfl lyzecsaro b xeBCsaro po^a), on ejih^ki^ xm- 
HKA (masc. «pojicTBeHHBBi»)y on x^a (yss, cbbsb), riar. eau^' 

BTH. 

IIpflHipH cjiosnaro osofliiaflur -bHHiTL : KOH-kN-HirL (bcbabbki), 
on KOH-LHi (lomaAHBnS, bobhhB), otfpa^oBaBHaro bsi KOHb 
(soflb); B»p-bN-HKi (onaxajio), on BiTp-bHi (BtTpeHoff), npoBc- 
lOABmaro on snp'E; CB»iui-bH-HK'b (cBiiBJiBBHBii f onapB), OTl 

CB^THAO (CBtn) «-> CEtTLf VJL. CBUHTH, DOpBOB. KOp. kvitj CSUI^- 

LN-HrL (conepHRBi), on cxnpk (dpothdhbri, BenpiflTeib), riar. 
npi-TH, npEK (cocTBsaTbCB, coopHTB), cp. ^omcic. soupef (apOTBB- 

BBBX); V6A-bN-HK!L (tiaqaJIBHBKl, BOSAB) , On Y6A0 (JiOC'bf 

^ejo), cep(cB. HeoHUK (sa BsitneBieMi 4 bi 0. 1. 227, g 74, 4); 
cpeep-bN-HKi (cepe6piiHafl aoBeTa), on cpecp-bNi (cepeSpflHsi), 
c;u(. cpespo, cp. qemcB. stribr-mk (cpespo = fotcb. silubr); 
MOAbc-bN-HKi (cBBnieHBBKx)y on MOAkB-kHi (boio^bqII), CymOCTB. 
MOAbca (MOJibtfa), rjar. moahth; HacAiLA-bN-HKi (oacJi'bAHHBi), 

on NA-CA11A-HI€ (NACA^bCTBHie «DaCJltACTBO»), BOp. CAt/C 
AAMS-bN-HKIb (aOJIXBHBI), On AAUC-bNl (AOJIXBHil, AOJIXHBB^), 
CyQ. ffiV% KlkHUS - LH-HITL (OcTpOH., = KNHiRbNHKL cOBCapB, 

CTDXOTBopeiii*), on K^HHra (KNHrA «BflBra)>); nn-bH-HKi (:y- 
TemecTBOBBflKx), on nxTk (Aopora, nyTB), CRp. panthan-; opzaK- 
bN-uKL (BoopyzenBuB, BonBOBoceiiT) , on op;iUKHi€ (Meqi, bo- 
iecflfli^a), cp. opxAHie (aIjo, opyAie); BtCT-bN-HKi (B'fccTBBB'B), 

OTl BlCTb (Bi^C TB, flSBtCTie), H31 *Vdd-ti, EOp. vid; TpUC-bN-HKli 

(ToproBeiiiy ByaeiiT), on rpurh (Topri); npdBkA-kH-HK'b (npa- 
BeABHKi) on npABbA-bNb (npaBeAHflR)y npaskAa (npaBAa); jchtE- 
kH-HK*L (x.it(!HUBi) , on ;cAiLC'b (iAi6'b) 9 roTCK. hlaifs; Tpu- 

bN-HKl (naBBniOi aJITapB), on TpikS-kNl (sepTBOBBuB), Bop. TptS 

{b^ SHaqeuiB ciK6pTB0BaTB»), cp. riar. TpHB-OBaTH (aysAaTBCB, 
Tpe6oBaTB| sepTBOBaxB), Tpw-Huire (ajiTapb, Banan^e) b np. 



07«o. "lea Bi AP.-((oir. h pyooR. us. §§ 169— 1?0. 485 

HHorAa -HKi DpircTaBji46TGfl TftKse Ki npHqacriflxi npomoA- 
maro BpeHesH CTpa^aTOJibnaro sajiora? oyveH-HKi (f qeHHsi), on 
0YY6H1L (npHqacT. nponi. Bpev. CTpai. sai. on rjiar. oyYHTH); 
nocui-AH-HKi (nocjaHHHKi) , on rj. nociJiaTH (QociaTs); os* 

pXT-GH-HKIh (o^pyqCHHUff), OTB OSpXVHTH (o((py<IHTb); KpUyiAiCH- 

Hn (nBToveu^), ri. k^ui-hth (KopiHn); piB6H-HirL (K0i0Ae8b)| 
lA. puoTH (peaTBy BHpQBaTb) H np. 

Oy^^HKci -bCK'L otfpaBjen o($EiRROBeHHO npBiaraTeiSHHfl ez\ 
cyiQecTBHTeif)HHrb h noJiBsyeTCii BOCBxa otfmBpBHHi ynoTpetfjieai- 
OHi; nepeA'B hhhi BunaAaen KOHeqeaa rjacflaa npiicoeAHBfleftaro 
Ki fl6Hy cjioBa, Bce paBHo — npeACTaBiHei's jb ona -i, -h, bjk 
-a, E -le oaye BaoTCB. IIpBitps: noraN-bCia (B3aqecBi8), on no- 
fikWL (B3nqHHB^), jiaT. paganus; sKeH-bciTL (sROBCBi!!) on X6Ha; 
M;R2K-bCK*L (xyxecKiif), on uu^tkk; soHN-bCKi (BOBHcsilt, BoeB- 
bh9), on bohha; iiop-bCKi (BoposoS), on Mopie (Mope), jan 
mare; sbAOB-bCKi (baobIH), on BbAOBA, mi. vidua; leu-hcn 
(BeicsiH), on ^fjmm {nz^ ^zem-ja); ocbii-bCKi (ocjibbhS) ot'b 
ocbAii; A^T-bCKi (itTCKiS), on ai^ta (abt«); ikhthhck^ (xbb* 
HeafluB), on skhthic («sB3Hb, SBTBe», qemcB. ziti); e^hwk- 
kerb (jitsapcteiB) , on BpBJiar, BpoveBi, cyat* BpdVb (jitsapb^ 
Bpaqi); BOHHHVbCKi (BOHBCciB, BoeBBHH), on npHjrar. BOHNHVb 
(coiAatCKiB), cymecTB. bohni (raKia cjiobb, BOTopufl, nocpoA- 
CTBOMi cy{»(tiBaca -bCK*b, o6pa30BaBiii wh BpHjEarareJiBBHXi, npa- 

HaAJIBSBTl 'KX KBTeropiE CJIOBB TpoTB^Baro o6pa80BaHifl). 

§ 170. OBOHqaaie -Jca b cjoxuhb c^ bbmi $opBH bi pyc- 

CEOMl B3UB6. 

1. -lea ^=^ 'Kb BaBi cj^^BBCi BepBOCTenoHBHB: 6pa-m Bop. 
Cpa; 3Ha-Kh^ aop. sna; noA-m^ Bop. naA=par; eph-Ku (yao- 
Tpe($iJeTCfl TOJiBBo BO HHoar. qBeji)| n. epa-mt; e^-Ktit plur. 
tant.)) Bop. jam (6paTB, saxBaTBTB), cp. ri. npu-nuM-d^mh e%% 
^pri-jim-aL (Bi eoAtn BaflporBBi ic flpBBaA^esBn Bi Bopao, 
a cj^^QBcox'B oBasHBaeiCB npocToe \=^b). 

28* 



436 G7«0. -Jca Bl GJIiB. flSHRiZ'B. § 170. 

2. ^pedBH^afiHO ^acto ynoTpetfjueTca -m (bi npocTon Hn 
ciosHOHX Mji,i) ji.M o($pa30BaBiii GJioB'B BTopocTeneHBSX'By npH 
^eHi A0J2B0 BauiTHTB, ^TO xp«-<S(^JrapcBOMy -IITL OpaBHlBHO 
cooTBiTCTByen -om; Bep'bxKO e ba^cb EepB0($HTHa4i jiopia npa*- 
jaraToiBHaro yTpaqoBi h ocvaeTCJi oaho tojibko npsjiarareJiBHoe 
Ha -Hiii; Bi coKpaqeHHOMi BHAt Tasui npHJiaraTeJiBBHii OBaH- 
^HBaiDTca Ha -om (bjih -chi, ecu npeimecTByiDiiiafl corjacHax 
HHrKair), npn hojibohi xe OKoa^aiiiH (-siH) Tasafl rjacHa^ nepeA'B 
'K BHnaAaeTi. 

a) IIpHjiaraTejiBH£ifl ci cy^^^HScoH's m: Saus-oki (sopenfloe 
cioBO 6Jim^ cp. e-eAus-u)^ AP*-(!ojrr. BiiH^b^ eiiH^% (($i03Ro); 
fr2?am-o;ci(, AP*~(^ojir. KpaTLKi (cp. B^ KparLi|iL = 0K2>amt(n»^; 
tu(^-{?;c8, AP*-({ojir. rus-iKi, rji. fueoth (jiBHraTB), qenicB. Aj^- 

eHU3%); CAhd'OKh—CM]\iJSii\ ys-om, w^h nepBoaaii, anghu-ha; 
mdn-OKs— TLNhKi (Ap«-6ojir. -hKL h SA'bcB cooTBtTCTByeii pyccs. 
-om); dM-em (aoagkl); eed-ufcif AP*-((ojir. BeAHKL, cp. B6Ahh 
(tfoiBmoB, BeiHKiH). 

IIpHHipH npHJiaraTejiBHBX'B ci nojiHurb ORoaqaHieMi: em-KiU 
{on ethCh)^ lAhd'Kiu X^i. tAdd-unth); thd-KtU^ oma^^; otcap' 
KiUf OTi (Hcapz; KbA-KiUf rjr. KOA-omh; esarniii, rj. ^Ra-iunt; 
dep3'KiUj Ap.-<5ojir. AP'^'^>^ ^ AP'^?^! Hphm-niu; Kpnn-Ktu; 
pd6-Kiu^ r.i. p/>6'7mh; mpkc-Hiitf Ap.-(Sojr. rpACL-Kd (aewe- 
Tpjicoflie), rjiar. TpACTH ca; Aoe-Kiu^ rj. Aoe-umt; MhA-mUf on 
MCAh (cp. n MeAOHuhU); Aei-KiUj AP**<^oir. Abr-Mii; jK^mJvitl^ 
cp, rjiar* Mfim-umt, cyoi. Mmnna h np. 

b) O&OH^aHie -0};5| bi npocTOMi bha^, o^pasyeTi BecBia ?a- 
CTO cyHJ^ecTBBTejBBHfl BTopHqaHBy yuenEmHTeJiBHUfl, bo nonaAaDTcii 
n TaKiir, faA aojxbo npHHniaTB -qki sa cy4)<{>HKci oepBEqauK: 
JM Ojfom - dff5 , OTi jMd>ioiii«, rjrar. ^o^dmt» (Ap.'($oxr. mai-th, 
MM-KS), Kop. mal; nAam-bm^ on nAamte; no-mdM-OKb^ ot'b 
Bap. nomdMh; Ha-nSpcm-OKh^ on nepctm^ AP*-({ojir. npLcni, 



oy<»o. 01 -k Bi pyooic. fl8HKii..§ 170. 487 

(ni^hCTL, nbi^CTL np6xcTaMffX)T*B yze ^^opMii HcsaseHOHfl); np^d'' 
OKS (nphd'Ku), orb npojiJ. nped^(xv* <$ojir. np%A^) ; KOAom'dfe& 
(oTi *itojioTB) , rji. KOAomUtm; Aucm-bxh^ ore Aucrm; nyp-bm^ 
OTi ApeBH, Kyp^; Soofc-efn^ orb 6ovb; xop-em OTi *dxop, cp. 
^emcK. tchor (Kop. dux-); tyc-Bn^ on iyci>;' KOu-eKd^ on 
KOHh; off-4dM'Omf otb o6''A^M^J n. AOM-amt; dS-Mop-om (ore 
*o($Hopi), cp. Mopz, sop. mar; jwocm-dic?^, oti Mocmz, IlepBHq- 
BHi'B 'om ii^iieTCfl no BceB BipoflTBocTsr bi Kam-dKd, riar. 
xam-limt; xod-bm^ ore xod-Umt; ocmh-m-om pj. ocmhmhcn; 
nO'Cm^n-om, war. nocmynUmh; mpbm^ ore fi«pdmt»; njsd-d;^., 
ore iusduvm; ma-m-d^5, ore snam^ (^m HiiBJiomHqi, — Bild. d. 
Nom. 81 1 — c^HTaere BCiaBKofl). 

c) Ocooqaflie -um otfpasyere TOJbso jnenBinHTejiBHEifl cynie- 

CTBHTOJIbaHfl K OTJH^aeTCH OC066HBO T'bM'B, ^TO BO^TH fleKOFAa 

B6 npHBHuaere yjr.apeBiif, KOTopoe b'b rasore cjjqai Jiesure na 
BopeBBOMi cjiori: eba-um^ ot^ eon^ sop. eos; KpbA-um^ ore 
npoA (-KopbAh)j cp, qeracK. krdl-ik H ftra7; jwftcm-wiw, ore 
Moctm, Kop. ^em; dddjp-tenci^, oti dtfOj?^, caacap. dvdra (;(BepB); 
eindjt-iiin;, ore cmoAz^ Kop. steZ (ore ste-J; irp^cm-?^;^*, on 
apectm; cefhrn-um^ ore cetbim^ Bop. A:2^^; abff-uK^ ore ^ofis 
(cp. qemcB. iro& «Kopre nmil^^ dojiiCb, dzidb «BjiK)BXx>)y rjar. 
3o6-aim (na-c^iere pas^iflqU vh jAapoHiH, cuoTpB no OKonqa- 
BiiD, cp. sbS'Um, BO aoff-bxiif Mbcm-UKiif bo Mocm-brnf KpbA- 
!!«», BO KopoAem^ eb3'Uic6 — eoa-bfcZf dbM-una — doM-bm 
H np.); KdpA'Um (cjiobo saiMCTBOBaBBoe irsi repuaflCKBX'b am- 
BOBi), cpaB. ApoBBO - fltM. cAaraZ, karl vMjss'By iiD($aBHHBi)!), 
aBFA. cAi^rl «rp;($iaBiy lyxBBi)*; oABBanoBaro ei btbhi cjioboh^b 
npoHcxojBAeHix ecib h ApeBBO* h cpoABO-Btx. Earl, Karel 
(codcTBcnfloe hmb ) = Carolus ( BpeHBymecTBeBHO bbbi BasBaHie 
Eapjia BejiBBaro) — ore BToro cjOBa o6pa30BaBO ap^bbo - ($oir. 
Kpdiib, pyccB. KopbAt H np.; cmbAff-umf ore cmoAff^y f.^.-ConVm 

€TAU1*L ( BCTpftqaOTCil TaSSO Bl HOpACBHSl JI3HBaU| CpaBH* 



433 oy^AHROEi 01 k bi oiib. iis. § 170* 

mBBjLCK. stolpCf AATCB. stolpen); KJifcH-ufCbj on kaiow, up.* 
CojLv. KiiiOYh (sopeHB BTOFO cjtoBa ToxAecTBeH'B CI JiaT. daud'^ 
dtid <i(3anHpaTb]»9 cp. rpe?. kA^/c^-, BMeB. kA^/V, oepc. JcUtd); 
n^cm-UMf OTi necfm; nphm-umj on npofm^ Rop. ftarf (pt- 
saTb, ciqi>); cm^-t«ic9, on emyAh; map-um^ ors wops (npo- 
icmeAnmro b8'& rpeq. ^ccl^a; bi xp^BHe-tfoir. asHst luap'L 
BHa^BT'B «nBiT^, spacBax)); erte-um^ 0T^ 6tbCb; Kycm-utch^ on 
Kycvm (irp.-tfojir. KoycTii — » rotophmi coctohti bi cbhsr 
npRJiarar. rxcrL «rycToH», cp, RemcR. %ot«l^{» «RycTHx>); t^nin-fiics 
on unm; KAbn-uKh^ on KAom^ Rop. KAen (BtpoiiTHO B*b sbb- 
veBiH <KROJiOTB»); nhmA-um^ on /corners (cjiobo qyxoe: xp-~((ojr. 
KOTbiiL, cp. roTCR. Icatils^ w^h ^^T. catinus) ; Atvu-um on Aevufs; 
hpA-um^OTh opeM; npr^ivn-uKh^ on npu\uffZ{ji,0'^.nphiCK'^oo.npuC'' 
nymh bbi ''npHCR-HyTBi qemcR. prsk-nauti^ b npticic-am^i ROTopoiy , 
8a BSMftneBieM'b iRtivb OTSByquHZi b% SByqaHiTy BecBMa to^ho co- 
OTBtTCTByen rjiar, ffphm-amt); cndn-ufn on cuonZf jip.-tfojip, 
CHoiTL^ CNonHie; dd^m-tf^ (Teinaro npoBcxoxxenifl; Can lo- 
sen aerji. sun-shade^ em Bin. sonnen-schirm otfiBCBun ero 
XOTB BtROTopHHi o(Spa30Hi; BO BCHKOMi cjiy^at 8T0 CJioBO o($pa- 

I 

BOBaBo BO B3!B TyseiHaro Bopflfi); Adt^-uKi, on Aofz^ ;ip.-((oir, 
AikKik (qemcR. lehka); yc-UKt^ on yc6^ AP**($0Jir, xci; pbm-^m 
on jpom?, AP*-(!ojir. p^n; cM-uKb^ on cad^ (Rop. ciBd-, b% 
npHqHBHTejiBBoK H ycHJieHBoH $ipMt cad); cmmA-un, on cemn- 
duU; dym-uKSy on dymuH h Bp. 

QcRJiDiiBTejiBBoe no BEime-npBBeAenHovy y^apeBie HvinTi: npn- 
M-Um^ on npjiMbU (bo npAMo^ npkMUud); ufM-timf on unr 

JlhlU (cp. H fJ^tbAUKbMZ); My(HC'UK6f OTl MyOiCZ (dB, HSltHCBiei^B 

oiqacTH BBaqoBifl RopeaHoro cjiobb); %0A'tK>K6, on tbAuit; emap- 
UfcSf on cmhpuU. 

npH npecTaBRft OROBqafliir -om bi BopoHBOMy cyniecTBRTexB* 
Eoxy yjiapeiie nepezoARn noqii Bcerxa Ba BOBeqinB cjion i 
TorAa, ecn npocioe cyn^ecTBiTeiBBoe coAopsin tfojie OAHoro 



07o«. 0% k Bi pyooK. 418. § 170. 489 

cjora: ebAoez — 60AoebK6; ndAocz — KOMc-dKh; nAitmhe — fuani' 
dm; d6pan — o6pa3Ku; AdcKytm — Aoacym-bKh; nbnch — nonc-bKh; 
Kdaupb — K08up6KB H op. 

d) OsoHqaHie -dKh, -hkb o($pa8yen cymecTBHreiBHHfl BTopH^- 
BHfl, on xpjraxi cymeeTBETejiSHEixi hih npajiaraTeibHaxx, hho- 
r^a H HaplqiH; y^apeBie Jiesan aa nocJEiAHOii ciorft: dyp-hKB^ 
on KopH. dyp^ cynt. dyph^ rjar. dyp-nmh; puS-bm, on pu^ 
€a; Aom-ani (eocTOHn bi rbcaol cbash ci ciob. Ahm-adh); 
Hyd'dKh^ on nydo (sop. nydy cp. nyd-lcnuKh^ Jiar. cud-ere « ko- 
BaTb»); tyc-bm, on %ychf xp**<$oir. riscb; ^oj?-^, on Mope 
(lopaai— mori-ak); npoem-hKB^ on njpocmdi^; aUtemp-am^ on 
^dtfiitpa (npoHcoiOAmaro bsii ^aa-yTpa, HMioniaro nepaoHaq. aaa- 
qeiie «;TpoMi»); op4*;iic9, on op^^?; fito^cm-^lc^y on mo4- 
cinof{, AP«-($0Jir. TAicn; seMA-kn^ on aejK^A; Gucmp-^^ on 
^McmpviZ; ctr3-/ix9, on cuauU; eepeSp-m^, on cej^etfpd^ xp*- 
($ojir. cpeepo; toA-kjpi^ on td^MtSf; necmp-km^ on necmpuU; 
StbA'Mhj 01% 6fbAuii; KOcm-kicBy on Kocmh; Kpy%A'HK$^ on 

nepBHWHHiy Bi BHA'b HCBjrDveBiir, -afC3 ABifleTCir bi vepn- 

« 

iacb (rjar. %^j?n-amft^; ^o^-ctx? (nepBOEav. 4>op>* ^vagh-jaha^ 
riar. ^ostitm^^; (!ad-Ax9 (rji. Cod-nymt^ Cod-hnth). 

e) OKOflqaaie -ica o6pa3yen cjiobb sasi nepBHVBHir, Tasi k 
BTope^BEiB; OHO spoit Toro Hozen npHcoeABHfiTbCfl h bi xpy* 
rm otfpaaoBaTOJiBHHii aieHeHTaHi. 

npivtpH nepBH^Haro ey4»(|^HBca -ko: eu-dyM-Ka^ on dyn-amh; 
tAbm-Ka, VI. iAom-hmtf jibt. gW-tre (qemcs. Mt-ati «ci sax- 
HoeuD tcTB))); «n62)-i(a, n. mejp^mti Bop. mej?; no^Ae6'Ka^ ti. 
XAeC'hmh (xAe6'Hymh — bo coctohti bi cbjibb ci XAibfis); nepe^ 
nuc-na^ rjr. nue-brnt; dbs-na, on dod-^m^ (qemcK. ddviti); 
o-taM-Ka, rx. o-taMtT-dintc/iy Kop. tiiuC^ (cotfcTB. «ABirancir», 
cp. npHJiar. wuC-tAu); o6'8H3-Ka^ ri. ejis-iimh^ jkj.^iojiv. ba^ 
o6'eU'6-Ha, vm. eu-mh (e BCTaBEa); npu-Mbn-Ka, tjl. MOH-Umt^ 



440 cy««. 'ha Bi one. abhkixi. § 170. 

Bop» Mox (MdK-puU); foc-Khn-Ka^ xi. Kon^dmt ( Rop. Kon^ rpev. 
KOTj^'t'Oo); C'Kud-Ka^ sop. Kud (Kud-hmhf mufffM^ mwb ^kha- 
ByiB); aa-dlpoic-Ka^ sop. dep^Mt; (paemEpeeHHS hsi dep, cjsp. dhar); 
no-eda-Ka^ ot'b r^iar. eos-umh (a He oti cymeciB. 00^^, Kop. . 
0€d; 6t4-^«ac-«cat rji. Hoc-umt^ sop. Mec; y-AuC-na^ Eop. Ju^T ('y- 
mG-^bmhcn); Auxo-phd-Ka, w^. pad (co6ctb. «jriixoMy pa^jD- 
]iia£Cfl»), rJL phd'Oeamt; na-xbd-KU, vjl. xod-umt; o-tA^d-na^ 
FJ. lAHd-fbrm, nf.'Cosv. rAAf^-am; om'-nhvi-Ka^ rx. nax-amh 
(-wKa otf'bflCHjieTCfl hbi — "^i-Bsa); ocmaude-Ka^ n. ocmaMOotS^m^, 
HpocT. Kop. cma; Kpitc-Ka^ rx. Kpcbc-umt; om-drbA-Ka^ sop. diM 
(npoHcmeAmiS BcxtACTcie pacniHpeHui hsi dR»^; nepeo-yn-Ka^ 
yn-umt, Kop. y« (cp. ua-yK-a); auS-Ka^ vi. auS-d^mh; mbu-Ka, 
Kop. moK C^TOEB-Ka), cp. md^-jKO, moK'dipbf n rx. mtilric-aiitft (ot- 
TjAa-ze nponcxoAHTi h muH-Una); o-Kpcm-Ka (hsi ^o-npox-BEa), 
rx. Kjpota-ei^j»5| Kop. ff2>o^ (cp. npox-h^ Kpix-omnuU; cepfics. 
Hpyx^=:XJLt6'b)i AUHb-Ka^ rx. auu-amu 

'Ka Bi Ba^ecTBft BTopocreneHaaro osoHqaHix: Kuum-Ka (h8*b 
*&HHr-BEa)y OT'B iTMuta, AP*-($oxr. KHnr/i (KiNura, OcTp. Cynp.); 
icow-fca (ii8^ *KOT-BKa, Bcx'^ACTBie Hero cx'bAOcaxo 6u ozHAarB 
*fi09-sa| qio noATBepsAaexcx sanaAHEiHi oiA'bxeHieMi, cp. ^emcK. 
Jcoc'ka, noJTBCS. hoczkO'dan)^ on KOim; He-ethcm-Ka, on ne- 
enema (copoHB aioro cxoca octb BtpoxiHO etd-^ otfpasoeanie ero 
TevHoe ); nhp-na^ on nopb, ( qemci:. kur-a); dm-na, on dm-a 
(sop. div); to Abe-Kay on tOAoeli; otcen-Kaj on atceuh; 6hfnh^ 
na^ on Vaan^, cp. Beirepcs. M^ya (crapmiH tfpan), HOB.-(k>xr. 

BaiUTHN^L (BaCXiACTBO) H EdUITa (OTei^l); K4^-^, on KAfbm- 

(cp. iu9&mt», XHTOBCE. U6tASy Schleicher f Lit. GramBi. 281); 
^d-Ka, on eodh; BfbA-Kaj on 6fbAuil; topcm-Ka (ropciB), ^emcB. 
hrst-Tca; aa-pyn-Ka^ on pynh; Mhu-na^ OT'B jicdjiia. Bopbu-Ka 
cocTOfln Bi CBJI8H CB rxaroxoH'B eepn-ymh. 

OiHOCBTexBHo jAapefliii cxob'b, osasraHBanii^HXcx sa -m^ aox- 
SHO aaHi^TiTBy nO| bi OTxitie on cy^^BKca -omf ^a hh* 



eyft«. 'ka B'b pyoGB. jtshk®. § 170. 441 

KorAa He yAapneTCA; tsmi cjiiAOBaTejbHO, rA% bi npocTSXB cjio- 

Baxi y^apeHie jiezHTi Ha nocji^AHeMi cjior'b (ua -a^, ircjiij.- 

CTBie npHCTaBEH -fca OHO nepexoAHTX nacjior'b BopoHBofl: notd, — 

uboiCKa; pynh — pyuxa; nopa — ndpxa; otcenh — menKu; 6opodci — 

Cojpbdna; eodh — ehdm h np. (Cp. TpaM. I. § 77, cip. 244 — 245). 

f) OsoHqaeie ko o^pasyexiy bi Ra^ecTB'b ey<{)<I>HKca BTopn^- 

Haro, yHeHbmHTejiBB£i)i cya^ecTBHTejiBHHfl cpeAHiiro po^a; h SA'bcB 

BeeBia qacTo hpobcxoaht'b nsMtHeoie bi yAapeaiHy ras'L-Kaiwi cjeo- 

Ba Ha KO HH'Im'B OTJHTOoe OT'b npocTHX'B yAapeeie: ^m-ko^ 

Ap.*6ojir. HEiiL-Ko; yitt-Ko (as'B ^yx-BKO, nepBoea?. *aus-ika)^ ot^ 

yxo; OH'Kd (hsi ^os-bko), oti dn-o (cjiobo oh-kU npeACTaeja- 

en ABo8cTB6Hfloe ucjio yMeuBniHTejibEaro OMnb^ paBHo sas'b bnu 

ABoBcTBOH. 9HC.10 OTi bKo); 6pn>tu-Kdf on 6pidxo; ^m-KOf on 

^itub; eepd'hu-Ko . (hbi nepBOH. *kard-ik-ika'), on chpduCy AP.- 

(Sojir. cp^BAbqe; eedep-KO^ on eedpb; dumjim-KOf on dumk, 

Tova dumjun-; Mihcm-hH-Ko h cAoe-hn-KO o($pa30BaHn BenocpoA- 

eTBOHHO H3^ *lltCT-IlO, H CAOe'Ub. 

g) El rjaBBHMi cjoxB&Hi CB A; ey^^HKcaHB npHHaAJiexaT'B 

cjitAyoHiie: 

'!iKa ot^paayoTi, Kasi osoHqanie nepBHiHoe, eyn^ocTBHTejiBBaii 
HysecKaro h seHcsaro po^a^ xota no (j^oput oat cotfcTaeHHO opH- 
HaAJOzaTisBnociiAHOxy: am-hna^ r.i. srheamh (e aojtsho npH* 
BEMaTB sa BCiaBcy, cp. ai-Rnih); MyM-ana^ ri. cAyotc-unih; aa- 
6i'k:a (h31 *3a(5H-j-aKn), cop. 6u; pm-ar^a^ rj. jnbsamt; nuc- 
hfea^ f^of. piSj caHCKp.jpi; (yspamaiB); nAee-hna^ rji. uAee-amb 
(Kop. plUf cap. jp7t« ccDiaeaTbD, cp. jaT. flu-ere); ofcee-anatOn 
oiceeamh; Kyc-iiHa,VA. Kyc-amt (cx)j.a DpHKEiaaen n cym.ic^cSy 
Ap.*({oj[r. Kxci), nepBOH. cop. hand; lyA-ma, Bop. $2/4. ^jia vy- 
xeccaro poAa ynoTpe6jiHDTCii Tasxe: ece-auau-Ka, Kof^sua; xa- 
jnb'Ka^ Bop. KOA (cp. o-icoj-;bm«^. 

h) -aHica cocTOBTi codcTBeHHO H8B uaBHaro osoHqania -an^ 
vb BOTopoNy DpiCTaaJLono ^ku; oho BCTpftuoTCfl bi cyo^ecTBH* 



442 079OIIS0H 01 k Bl OJIiB. ilSHBAXl. % 170. 

Teibnnxi zeecKaro po^a nepBHqflaro, uh BTopsiBaro o(Spa80Ba«^ 
Bin; npHilpu nepBeqaaro -auKa: ^/ta-^Miica, rJiar. esa-hmh; mos' 
annaf orb Mlts-amh (yA^peBie ocTaexcii Ba TOMi-xe cjiort, so- 
TopuB yAapBOTca bi neoDpeAtJieHBOiii); jMti«-a»Ka| on jftiv- 
amh; co-depM-hnKa^ Kop, d^jpot? (cO'depoiC'hm%^ codepoto-hnie); 
CAyoic-huKa^ va. MyiHc-umt (oABoro h Toro-se npoHexozA^BUi ci 
rjr. cdytu-amb^ oepBOB. Eop. kru); ACM-d^uKaf sop. Maic; mojih- 
anna (rjiai. MOAH-hmh)^ Kop. ip.-6ojir. mau (mau-nztn^ ma^y- 
ath). Gdaa opHflaAJiezHTi h paseed-enKa (sop. tfed^, npoHc- 
moAiBH Ttxi-ze DyTem, Basi Bume-npflBeAeaHHe npHMtpH^ w% 
npHqacriii BpomeABinro BpeHOHB CTpaAaxejibHaro saiora. 

-auKa KBKi cj^^HBCb BTopaqHsH: Aed-Hnna^ oii^ aScz; jcdcj- 
jtHKa^ OTi MiU^o (npoHcmeAmaro bs'b ^mbs^jo), sop. mos; nodA- 
HUKa^ on nddAuu (sopaeH'b sTOiy cjosy CJiysen npeAion 
nodif cocTOBmiB b% cbbsh ch caecKp. pada Bora); Mfbd-Huxih 
on Mtbdh; ym-huKa (m *yx-jiHEa), on yxo; opA-wiKa, on 
opSAz (&op. ar); necn-huKa, on necbm {xp.-6oir. ntcixn}. 

i) -SH'Oks ecTB ey^j^HKCb BTopHqatiB, o6pa3yen noflflTiX| 
Bupazanmifl BpeHxyoieeTBOoHO hojioahh cyB^ecTBa, ocotfoHBo si- 
BOTBsxx; Bo MBOzecTBOHBOxi qacTO ABjfleTGir H Apyrai Teia (-am-j 
-nm-): ym-SHOKb (pOA* ymSuKa^ bo mbos. qaci. ym'XfM)^ 
on ym (cp. ym-na^ Rotopoe caxo yze opeACTaBJBon ciobo 
jHeBbmHTejiLuoe, cp. DpoHcmeAmee on Toro-se aopHa h^h. ent-e); 
iJitunA-BH-OKh (mhos, vunA-nma)^ sop. iiun (aBysoBOApasa- 
TOJibRaro BpoffCxoxAeBU); KOSA-enom^ on k03Ra%^ AP^'Ooir* 
KOi^kAi; otc€pe6-SHom ^ on sepe6 = spi6-y cp. apobbo. -(Soar. 
aspie-A^ HJH yMOBbniBT. sKp'EEhiih ( Mbb jomflqi — Lex. Palaeosl. — 
cxaqaen c% cancsp. garhh-a «3apoAHni'b| yTpo($i»); peC-inom 
(mhos. j)66'-^ma^, Kop. j^e^-, cp. qemcR. rob-dtko (Becbia Btponao 
on Tpro-xe KopBH npoHcxoAHTi^atf's, cp. paff-omaf Tasi-qTO ped-* 
enoKh co6cTB, aaaqsjio occA^JiaBBuB, C03AaBBuEx>); noeap-enOKh^ 
on nbeapdj n. eap-imh; notpeff-euoKb^ on nd'tpe6hf sop. tpeS; 



oy««HKOci 0% k bi pycos. S3. § 170# 443 

opA-Smm 9 OTX (>p&i« , xp*"(^0Jir. of^ufL (jihtobcr. ^r^zs , RopxcB. 
ari; op yciaTpEBaercH et bi rpeq. of-v/^); jmmw - enom^ , on 
jfMfaft; nopoC'ifiom (npocToe cooTBtTCTneDHoe cjioro b'b be- 
CTOflmee Bpein vh pjccs. si^w&A ae ynoTpetfjiieTGfl : npacn— 
TiopocHn cp. xp*'<^Ojir. npflCA, ^emeE. H CJIOBHHCE. jpraae) — Rop- 
H6HI oEasHBaercii ^arA;, do aHaioria jiar. porc-uSf rpeq, ^o^k- 
0^, Ap.-fliH. fardhf rou. (;arA/-6n, ho BecoMB^HHO npHBa^ie- 
sHn cDjia H caecBp. jpra-$u <cHaTb, poAfln^iBy djioaohocbiiB*, 
Bdhtl. & Bothf Ski Wtb. IT. 1 101, sop. sH «posAaTB»; nith 
AOJsno cJitAOBaTOJiBBO npoAnoaaraTB nepexoA'B £ bi 8; Kom- 
enoKB, on KOfm; lyc'Snom^ on %ych; meA-enom^ vf.-ioKV. 
TGiu; Meden<Hc 8hok6j Ahe-euom^ eopou-SHom Auc-BHOKh^ puc- 
inom^ MH-iHOKty on Medetbdhj Aee^p ebpom^ Aud^ h np. 

OjioxBBil OBOHqaniH na 'umi 

j) -eum otSpasyen cyn^ecTBHTejiHEia hsi npHJiaraTejBHHX'B Ha 
-069 9 '€e^f oBBaqaDmHZ'B BJiaA'bHie; yAapenie naxoAHTCE do^th 
Beerjia aa DocjftAHei'B cjiori: aepno-eUKb^ on aep-nb^ lar. 
grano-; nyxo-eitm^^ on nyars; cm-oeUm (y pHtfaK0B^), on 
cutz; sMrbe'ehtcZj ondjMn»>i (saiS); Maxo-eUm {c^^MaoooebU); 
nydo-euKh (noAy-nyd-oeuKh)^ on nydz; otne-eUKSf Q^m,.inoHb 
(Ap.-(Jojir, orMb); Kopne-eUm^ on Kopem; Moxo-eiiKhj on 
Moxz (Ap.-6ojir. Whf:h)\ napo-eUm^ ot% napz^ vemcs. pdra; 
nAodo-eUm^ on nAodt (caHcsp. phala); xp^y^e-emZf on 
xpHw,%; nepcmHe-eufn , on nbpemeHh ^ AP**<!ojir. np'ECTeNb; bi 
V/fbAKd-6UK6 yAapenie lesan neapaBBJiBHO na npeAoocjiftAHOE'^ 
eiovi; npocToe cjiobo octb \fbA-Kiii^t^ihAuit. 

k ) "HUKB no BBa^eHii) h pacnpocTpaBeBin paBHaoTCfl apobho- 
(SojirapcKOMj -nhk'e: oxbm-uuKhf on oxbmaj sop. xom (rjiar. 
aom-imt); fcp^m-nuUf on Kpectm (mt. crux^ Ap.-($OJir. 
KpiiCrLi npeACTaBjiaen HBHtaeBHoe zpHCT-dci, BBpazaa eo- 
rjiacHO ci OTHMi ccXpHCTOCiA H <KRp6cn»); sbAh'Hum^ on 
aoA'ii; KydhC'fiUKBf on ^Hyd-o, ROTopoiy paBifleTCii CHirqeHHOe 



444 G7ft9. CI -A; b'b ojiab. ashi^axi. § 170. 

n HaqaibHoI conacHoS nydo (mhos, nydeca); no-ebp-maeaf 
OT^ HeynoTpetfifleMaro h% cooTBtTCTBeHHOu'b soaqeHis *no-6Qj^ 
( npoHSBOACTBy Beaocp6;iCTBeHao on riarojBBaro KopHfl Mtmaen 
ycHJieHie sopeHooB rjiacnoBy ne noATsepsAaiomeecii ApyrBMH npfl- 
HiisaDniHHB R'b 8T08 saTeropiB cJioBaHe); HUHhe-num^ on vhk^, 
Ap.-tfojir. VHH'E, rj!. VHHUTH (cocTaBJiJiTB), qoDicB. cin-^i (At- 
JiBTb); 4fo(Jdo-ftiii» , eyniecTB. j»o^ddtry Bop.4fo(f, csp.It^&A (<!p«. 
JIBT. lib'ido «CTpacTfl06 zejasie, noxoTb» — hsi luhido); noAbd- 
nuKhj on KOJi^d-a^ Kop. oad (rjar. KAacnth^ kjioa-iK); ^/Mn- 
Mt^A'^y on 4n»-ma9 sop. au (rji. 4timt>, AP^-t^oir. ahuth^ a«- 
gk); Kyp'HUKZy onnyp (cp. nypu); mpld-HWCs^ on fiapt^» 
H np6AJ« nlped% (cyn^ecTB. y^ej^edsj; nhp-uum, on n^^i^ (qemcB. 
j7(frmA; =napoxoAi»); napyc-nuKb^ on napych; Mnd-Hum^ ot'B 
jMTbdb; uym-Hum (apoHCxoAHn co^ctbohuo aenocpeACTBeBHo on 
npHjiar. uyotcnuUf ho othochtot c'b BopaD nyd); Bi jk^c-muics^ 
(npoHcxoA^meflb on mhco^ ji,f.-6osv. maco) yAapeuie Jiexan 
BonpaBBJibHO na ocoHqaeiH; ^^^kf-Kt^xs (Ap.-(!ojir. jKA'BE-bNHiTL)^ 
on xA7b6^; nAm-uum (Ap.-()oJr. nA'&N-bNHK*L)^ on fUfhm; 
cnym-HUKh (Ap.-6oj[r. hxtlnhki (cnyTemecTceaHHCB^), on nymh 
{u7Kth)\ nO'Cphd-HUKb (cpiA-LNHKii), oiii cped'Hiii; npasd-uuK^ 
(npa^4-bNHK'L)/on npasd- ( jnoTpetfj^eHaro to.ibbo bi cbbsk 
ei 'Huu: npaad'Huu); eflcm-HUKb (bilctl-nhki), on erbcntb 
(h31 ved'ti); cau-be-num (Ap.-6oJir. caNOB-hNHK'b)^ on cam; 
xydbo/c-HUKz (fii^oni''hHHHJ,)f Bai roTCB. handugs (cnocodHHBi 
obutfihB), AP«-6o.ir. ](^0V''l h np. 

El cjiocaHi, FAt -Mu^ OBaaBcaeiCA nepBHqHHHi cyji^BK- 
coHi, AOJXBO npaqBCJiHTb Banp. cjitAJioniiii: uc-moH-Hum (ap»* 
(Sojir. HCTOYbNHK'L), Bop. mcK^ vji. mtHh^ men-y (SA^cb Bnpo- 
^OMi OBOHqaflie Eaten cboBctbo coHBRTejBnoe^ laBi-BaKi ciioBO 
Hoxflo npo03BOA(iTB flenocpoAGTBeBBo on uc-mbKi); MlAit-num^ 
Bop. MeA^ rjr. MOAbnth (MhA-etm^ AP*-($ojir. M€Ai€Tb); na-CAfbd- 
nufn (NACAt/^NHK'b), rjf. cAr^-oeamb; na-Ake-HUfCh ^ vjl. Aum%; 



Oy^OEKCH CI 'h Bl P70CB. ABHB^fi. § 170. 445 

na-cmhe-HUKh^ PJU Ha-cmae-Mmii. Bapo^em, ^ojibihehctbo npa- 
BaAiexamHX'b cn^a cjiobx — xapasrepa coiHBTejbHarOy TaKi-Kasi 
^Hum Vh BHX'B H02H0 upflBBHaTB H sa cy<{)<|)BBCB BTopocTeneH- 
bh8 (HacAtbdnum Easp. voxho othocbtb oenocpeACTBeHHO kx 
cym. C47bdi(, HaAUs'Hum bi Mai^!(^ h np). 

1) OKOB^aaie -iu^um o^pasyoT'b cyqecTBHTejiBHHii MysecRaro 
poAa, BHpasanniiiii saflBiaDniBxcfl ^tMi-BB($yAB, npnBBHaiom.HX'B 
Bi ^en-BB6yAB yqacrie, peMOCJceHBBBOB'b, h np. Bb tfo^BmBH- 
CTBt ciyqaeBi oho osasHBaeTCfl BTope^HUHx; mBnan^ifl (c^ 3) ne- 
p6Ai> V npoBSHocBTCB Basi t^, BCi[%ACTBie ^ero npoBcxoABTB rpyn- 
na iij^): \3'ed3-HUKZ ^= us-eb-muM j on U3'eb3^ (npoBCXOAHTi 

CJltAOBaTOJIBHO JIBBIB DOCpeACTCOBHO OTB e03''Umt)y EOp. 663; 

npu'Kit'VJium (bs-b *npu-Kli3'Hum)f oti npuKa3^ (n. npuKa3' 
hmh); om-Kyn-W/UKh on hm-Kym^ rjiar, Kyn-umh; nepe-Jim- 
u^um^ OTB nepe-AueZy Kop,* 4w; ^a3-wd-w^MK?j (b31 pas-ndc" 
Hum)j OTh pas'udcz (^paanbcKa)^ n, noc-umh; noipe6''VJi,um^ 

noeduH'VJifUKb ot'b noedUnom (KopoHHoe cjiobo edf«N?=i€AHHi); 
de«b-t^w««, 071 den*. 

Bi ^-mat2-i/fu«3 oKOH^anie ^^um BeeoMH<bBHo nepBA^Hoe, 
TBB'B-RaK'B CJIOBO HOXHO opoBBBOAHTB TOJBso OT'B FJiar. y-maumt; 
Tasoro-Bie xapaRrepa, no BceMy BtpoHTiio^ y'Cmyn-vj(,um^ rj[. y- 
cmyn-unthf b nO'Cmae-vjifUm, otb no-cmhe-umh. 

O&OHqaHie -WfUm pasBHjiocB bs'B -c-nuKh hjih 3-Hum (b^ no- 
cji'6ab6M'b cjiyqai yooAo6jieeieHi SByqaoS CJiiAyniiieuy h); wh livh 
cjiyqaflXBy FAt EopeBHoro soBevHaro c bjie 3 ho osasEiBaeTCE, 
AOJrzBO npOAEOJiaraTB BcraBsy mBBiinte?, Tasi-caK'B e ciOBa, Easi 
no'tpeO'Uitum , deHh-ui,um e np., Eorjifl npoflSoflAi'E toibso esi 
*no%pe6'C'Hum J *deHh'C'HUtn e np. 

KpocToe OEOBqaflie -huk^: Mdi4t-HUK6^ on muauU; no-ehd-- 
Hum (((RTO npBBHR!B El qeHy-HB6yAB»), cp. ceptics. nd-ead-a 
(o^H^aS, otfnBEOBeflie), Bop. eod^ esi eed (B6C-th); pH6'Hum, 



446 cyftOHBGB 01 k m ojiab. adHSixi. § 170. 

orb npRJiar. psS^hA; nepe-ebd-HUK^ ^ vx. nepeeod-timh^ sop. 
eed n'uip. 

m) Bi cioxHEnii ci HflrKO-mHnaii^HHH ey$$HBcan Cb ochob- 
BHMi A; npBBaAJeiKaT'B eqe: -utaf^a, 'ptuKa, -uuiko; oBHopeA- 
CTaejiflDn no^Tii Bcerj^a oKOBqaeie BTopocreneHHoe h EHpasann 
Bi ionmmncTwb cjiy^aeai OTflomeeie yMeobiDBTejibHoe h npespH- 
TeibBoe, ptoe lacBareirBBoe, npBiiipa: -ymKa: eepx-ymna^ 
ovb eepx^ (epii^); ue-ymnay oti ma; uip-yruKa^ ovbutpa; 
tOAdd-ffmKa^ OTi u>A06a; nup-ytuna^ orb nup^; nepBaqoHM -ytuna 
OicasuBaeTca Bb KOAom-ytuKo^j npoBcxojifl^eii on KOAom-umh. 
Ho cnoco($y otfpaBOBaflifl -yiuKa oogtobti bsi AByn cy$(j[)HBcoBi: 
-yxa a tnat noTo'pue ciB.iocb bi oaho qtioe^ opeqexb nocJii 
BBBycsa a bi nepaoii cy^^c^Bsct x ci> h nepemjiB Bb ta. 

'Uuiica DpoHSomjOy noAotfBSxi ofipasouby bsi Bxa + bbb: nAym- 
tauKaf orb UAyrm; aeMA-umna^i^rb aeMAs; Spam-imKaf on 

Cpaft^'i* 

'UtuHO, paBHO bbbx OEOBqaoie npejimecTByDqee , otfpasyerB 
TojibBO BTopocTeneflflUJi ciooa h Bcer^a (HBaen eonpflsoBO ci> 
BBaqeflieiai npespaTOJisHBiH'b : doM-umKO^ on doMz; dthA-umno^ 
OTb dibAo (sop. dtb); Ka^moH'UuiKOf orb KO^mam; HeAoem- 
utuHOf on HCAoenm (k neipexb u cxarqajocL bi h); dbw-utuKO^ 
on duo (o Vb doH' cooTBiTCTByen xp*-((ojrr. i vb fifl^-Ho; o 
citAOBaTeuHO, bi rbcHOH'b cHacjt cJioBa, flejiBsa npBBHxaTb sa 
BCTaBsy); nue-tmKOf on nueo^ sop. nu; fnaSaH-utaKO^ on ma- 
Cam; HUH-UmKOf on Hum; cepmyH-utuKOf on cepmym (asi 
4)paflii. surtout); tUKan-UtUKO, oniamm; xopoxdp-utuKO (xBa- 
CTyHi)^ on xopoxbpumtcH. 

npHBBaafl bo BUBHaeie cooTB'fcTCTBeHBoe osonqaflie -iskOf oaa- 
SHBaD^eeca b% vaiopyccs. aaptqiir, bi nojibcaoHb b qemcicoii 
aBuaaxi, h ynoTpe($.iaeM06 bitoui-so caHOMi SHaqeHia, aoje^^ho 
B08B0AHTB H pyccs. 'umfcojieL 'isko^ otfiacHaa ero iai> caar^e- 
Bia mHuaji^eS. 



Cyftft. 01 h Bl P7G0K. H MilOP. £8. §g 170— 171. 447 

n) Oy$4»Hicei -CKiU (ci yxapeaien -cKbU) een BcerAa bto* 
pH^HHS, TEKX-Ka^i otfpasyeTb npHiaraTeJibHiiH hbi cyn^ecTBffTejiB- 
BBxi; OHi cooTBtTcreyeTi xp**((ojr. -bCKi. IIpHxtpH: d^jn-civiity 
on seMAH; dpyotc-e-CKiUf on dpytz (e^ ABJiiDmeecji aAicb BCTa- 
BjeHBHii xexAy rnHnimiHaiH, cooTBtTCTByerb Ap.-6ojr. L: Apoyx-b- 
crL, nepBOH. ^draug-iska^ cp. jtotobck. draug-yste « otfo^ecTBo, 
xpyz(^a»); Myo/c-e-CKiU (^p.-tfojir, MX^K-bcrL), spoH'b Myaic-CKdUf 
on jnyom (uiKSKL); nAdm*CKiiif ot^ fiAomt {rnvt-LCKL); npu^ 
xbd-CKiu^ on npuxbd%; otchU'CKiU^ on otcend; 'CKiii cb y^ape- 
Hiexi Ba nocJrtAnevi cjiori: Mip-CKdu^ oti Mips; topod-CKdU 
(Ap.-(Jojr. rpOA'i^CKi)) on tbpodz; Awd-CKbii (xp.-tfojr. aiofl- 
bCKi), OTi Aiod' (Aiodu); Mop'CKbit (MopbCKi) on Mope b np. 

§ 171. Osoo^aHie -ka bb MaJiopyccKOii naptqiH. 

a) 'Ka sas!b cy4»4^BBCi nepeHqHHV b sasi o^pnsoBaTejiBBEiS 
BJieiefln npHJiaraTejibflEixi: sna-K (im-k'l). rjiar. ana-mu; ffpa-n^ 
Ti. 6pa-mu; %\p'Kuii (ropBKiH), qemcs. hor-ky^ jip.-6ojr. rop-hKi, 
sop. top; coAod'KuU (cjaAsiB). nepBoe. Rop. svad; mHTic-KuU 
(ta^k-lki); cmplM-KuU^ Bop. cmjpojM (cp. pyccs. cmpeM-umbcx); 
Aet'KuA (iiLT-iKii); pid'HuU (ptAaiH). 

b) -o« Bas'b osoBqaHie nepsHqaoe: sffum-OK (ocTaTosi), rji. 
sdu-mUf qemcK. z-by-ti (ociaTBCB); na-id-OKf u. icmu (Actb); 
na-num-OK^ ri. nu-mu; Maem-OK (HHymecTBo) , rji. Ma-mu 
(BBtTB); CMym-OK, qemca. smut-ek (aeqajB, rope), rj. cjwyni* 
uMUf BOJbCK. sm^'CiSy AP*-($0Jir. c:&-mxt-hth; dO'Cma-m-OKf rjr. 
do-cmamu; sna-m-ofcSf Kop. ana. 

-Off Bi KaqeeTBft BTopaqearo ey^^Hsea, npucTaojiBeHaro bi 
eymecTBRTeibHHX'B b'b yueBBmBTo.iBHOM'B sHaqefliH: pim-on^ otb 
Jilt (porx); t^eim-OKf on i^^m (uBtn), cp. K^m-Ka; nau-OK 
on naM (xosbbhi); ^to-oic, on aIc (jtci); ob-o^ (bobhbt), 
on eh (bobx); delp-OK (ABopaai), on delp (i^Bopi); nupiotc- 
OK (oBpososi), on nupit; kIa-ok^ on k\a (soii); ntnawrOH 



448 cyftftHRGH CI -A; bi ojiab. asbsaxi. § 171. 

(nTH^sa); noAy-Kin-OK; npu-nin-OK (on neynoTpetfiiieiaTO npu- 
niH); eim-Awd'OK. 

c) Oi:oHq<iBie -kct bi Ea^ecTBt nepBotfuTHaro: KAod-na^ sop. 
icjad; dii(-«a (aoH-); Clu-na (6ofi-); na-Mim-Kaj Bop. jwern; 
ceap-Ka, sop* &ap. 

BTopocTeQOHHoo 'Ka, o($pa3yi)aiee sencsiii jieHBmTei&HBfl ey- 
mecTBBTejbHHAx: nnlA'Ka (oqeica), on nntAa (Cxoib); Kiim- 
ica (utTKa); Aan-Ka^ on Aan-a (cp. ^emcK. lap-Hi (cDo8MaTB| 
saxBaTBTL^); ctijp^m-^a (capoTa); MOM-na; eicm-na^ ot^ (?icffi 
(atcTb, HSBtcTie); t opiv-Ka , , oti tapsnuit; tueau-Ka (fflsea); 
6yHH'Ka; pyu-na; H\oiC'Ka (HOSKa), H31 *nogt-ka» 

yMOHbrnBTejibHoe BTopocTeneuHoe -ko: h6ao'Ko; aIm-ko (ioz6)| 
^emcfi. luz'ko^ sop. aooic (cp. pjccK. Aootc-umh); dimam'-KO 
(AiBoqsa), cp. qemcs. dhcdtko; meAnm-Ko (reJieHoqeKi), q^mcff. 
tddtko; Kypnmno (aypqenoKi), qemcs, kurdtko; didt-KO (jit- 
Ayaisa, qopn, nyrajio); otcAym-Ko (Tasze otcAyx-mo aBaABa, Bi 
KOTopoi (li.iBe napan», IlaQAoecKiU^ 35). 

OiconqaHie -t^c/co, cooTB^TCTcynn^ee pyres. -utuKo, Bi sapas* 
Topi BTopHqBarOy npsAB^Ti cyn^ecTBHTejibHHsi'b Buaqeaie yBOJE- 
^HTOJibHoe, flop^Aso ci npeiibcBD npodptBiA: xaou-ucko (mjxk- 
qHiDsa, HyzH^Binso), on xAon noibcs. chlop^ qemes. cMap; 
CaiU'UCKO (6ojfOTflua| ({ojiBnioe 6ojoto), on Cawo (qentcs. hahno); 
npisB'UCKO (npo3BHnie), rj. seamu; oih-ucko (orBHn^e), nau' 
ucKOf on nan. i^Bfloe c6jiBZ6Bie ci pyccsHiix cooTBtTCTBeHHHii 
oKouqaHioM'B ycHaTpHBaeicfl bi yspaBBCsoH'b HaptqiB, vf^b c ne- 
poA^ K BHroBapnBaoTCfl CMJirqeHBUH^b SBysos'B: nan^uchKO, ko^ 
muchKo (coTHm^e) h np. 

d) OsoHqaHie -an nepBOCToaoHBOo: nepn-aK^ sop. nepn (^p.* 
((oJir. vp^-nOTH); nu-nK^ sop. nei-mi». BropHqHoe: lAyn-an (j^y- 
pasi), on i^j/ni^t^ (qeincB. JUoupy, AP*~(iojr. rAoynii); cm&-a;( 
(ataeiix), on cm^ (aiHie), ^emcB. zpev; Sid" an (6'bxEBfL'h)f 
on 6id - a; ^^Iw - hk, on plnuuU; uiM-an on Mi^-tfi!^; pu6-aK 



07ft9HB0% 01 k Bl HAXOPyOOB. HAP. § 171. 449 

on pu6a; CMUhH-m (oiiiEUBi); eduH-oK^ ep. a^.'6ojlv. ka-hh^ 
e) OfiOHqaHia -uk h-hiiic koh-uk (jioinaABa)i oniK^Hv ^m- 
UK, on (J|pam; iioaic-my on nhn (hoxi). -miik: (^icm-KUfc (eicT- 
BHBi); coffim-Ktiic (coBftTHHKi); Ma-cjiid-fiMiic (HacjitxHEsi); no- 
mIh-huk (noMomHHsi); cein^^UK (noACBi^HiBi); pyu-nuK (qojio- 
TeHiie)| OTi |?^xa (qemcB. rucfUk). 

^CKuU^ DpHCTaBJEfleioe ei cymecTBBTOJibHHn xjia o($pa30BaHk 
npHJiaraTejibHEizi): naiit-cift«i{ (rocnoAcsill)i on nan; KH^atc-ecKuU, 
on KHJi3h; Qicem-CKuUf on orefia; XAon-ctacuU (bi jspaHHCS. 
Bap.); no-di4t-CMmt{ (bi cjio($oacb. yspaBHt, vf/b c nepex'B k 
BHTOBapHBaoTCJi larso). Bi OTiHRie on cooTBtTCTBOHHaro pyc- 
cKaro okohwhU, lajiopyccB. -cimily B^ coBepmeHHon eorjiaciii 
6% jk^.'6oir. bCK'Ly HO jTpaTHjio cnocotfHOCTH CHArqaTB npe.jtme- 
CTByDn^n BopeBHyn coriacHyD, cp. lajiopyces. (Hcenb-CKuU h xp.- 

El cjtosHiii'B oBOHqaBUn, odpasyDD^m yHeHBmHTOJibHEUi 
ciOBa, npHHaxJOsan: -enhKuUf -eceHtKuUf -iciubKuA au npua- 
raTeiBHHXiy a -emKO ("Chko — masc. neiitr.), -oubKa (fern.), 
'OHtacQ (masc. neutr.) ajm cyqecTBHrejiBHHzi. 

npuaraTejKHHB Ha ^entKuUf -ecemKuU, 4ciHwuU: nopH" 
emxtiit^ Kopn-eceHtKuU (^epa-X HopH-icintKuH (coBctxi qep- 
Hull); otco^m-euhKuUf ofcoem-ecenhKuit (sojit-), moem-iciHtKuU 
(coBCtHi sojiTuH); 4io6 ' euhKuU, aio6 - eceubKuU (;id6oBX 4^^- 
iduhKuU (pftiDBTejibHO BaBoB-yroAHo); ctd-emKuU (ctx-), eoptm- 
euhKiiii^ aaMoatcH-euhKuU (ci AOCTaTBOHi) , Caiam-enhKuH (60- 
raT-), MUA-enhKuH^ HunypH-euwuU (onpjiTHufl), aemaUu'eHhrnU 
(bIxjihbhB, 6jiaroBocnHTaHHHB), ffAat-enhKuU (botxIB, hjioxoB); 
nAox - eceutKuU (chhphbB, BpoTsiB), XMapn - eceuh^cuU (o^jiaq- 
bhB, lyiiaHHEifl), CMymu ' eceuhKuU (cHyn^eBHSiB, ne^ajbHHB), 
pidn-eceuhKuit (poAB-), lapn-eceHbHuit (xopomeHBBiB), MOAod- 
eceutKuUf diA-ecenhKuU (6tjr-); 6iA - idntKuil, noen - icintKuu 
(coBopmeHflO nouaB), ^iA'%ciHhKuii (i\iJi-)i pad-H-icinMiO 

28 



450 0T«9. 'ka Bi OAAB. ushsaxi. §§ 171~172. 
(oxoTHO y c% jAOBOJi&CTBiexi), caM - icinmuU (caimll , bc6 . • • , 

HCKJD^HTeJIbHO TOJIbKO ' • • )• 

GyiuecTBnTOJibBHfl : -emna (-euno): KOHUH-euKo (jomaAKa), 
cepd-euhKO^ Koaau-eubKo, nauuH-emKO (naHHeHKo)^ nodelp-ewaco 
{&dLfii2LT,nodetp''euKo)jHyMaH''enf>KOf con-imKO^ ffondap-euKO. 
'OHhKa: did'OHhKaj stp'OHwa (sBtsAoqaa)^ npaed-onma^ xydlfi- 
oHhKa (nedojibmoe HnyniecTBG) , lOAoe-omKaj cmopou - ouiaca, 
6id'(mhKaf poduu-ouhKa; -outKo: Aic-OHWio^ ceim-ouhKO, %0Ay6' 
omnOf nodelp-OHhKO. 

Saui^aTejiBiiafl oco66bboctb — ynoTpe6jieflie BeonpoA. nauoHe- 
Bia cb CMAr^BTejibBQflH oKOB^aHiaHH: -ouhKUf 'CntKUf ^yceutKu 
H Bp. UpHH'bpH: num-oubKUf cnam-ouhKu^ icin'OUhKUy num- 
yceuhKu^ cnam-ycewbKu (cnhm-nu^ cnam-ycu h Bp.). 

no anajioriB aiBX'b cjiobi otfpasoBaiiH: mym-enhKu^ mcud^ 
euhKu (mau-eHKU^ mym-CHKu); oct-deubKa (boti), och-de^acaf 

OH'deHKU (BOBX-rftt) H T. noA. 

§ 172. 0;4>$HSCi 'Ka bi cep6cH0MZ azuKi. 

1. 'K (-ok), o($pa3j]Dfl;e6 npHJiaraTejiBHna: uus-ok (b'b xeHCR. 

P0A% UU3Ka)j on HUS (bHESI, HHSUeBBOCTb); CAod'CM (CilOA'^KI^)* 

ehjiU'K (b&j[h-kb); sop. ecA Bcrpt^aeTca h bi eebMa (oqeHB), 
Ap.-^orjr. B6AIJJH, qemcB. vd-miy nojiicvi. wide; mdn-an (TbHkirL), 
Bop. tan (TBflyTB); Kpom-m^ zo^. npom (cp. pjecs. y-Kpom* 
umh); xopB. Ahxan^ Aazax^ cep($CB. odsKBOB. AdK (cciericiB))), Ap.- 
6ojr. AhTiK'B; dy6'0K (rjiy6-0Kifl), ]Lf.-6oir. faxe-ok^i ci RopHon 
dy6, cp. pyccB. dyn-Aucmuu, roTcs. diup-s^ AP*-Bix. tiuf; xopa. 
krh-ah (pyxjiHS, xpynKiB), qemcii. kreh-ky. 

2. -an (-k) Bi saqecTB'i nepBOCTeneHaaro cy^^l^FSca, o($pa- 
ayDHiaro cy^ecTBBieJiBHHH : Ahotc-an (jlIutM), ti. Ahmamu; db- 
Aas-aK (npuxoA'B, spHduTie), rji. db-AOs-umu (npHxoAHTBi BpB- 
()Htb), sop. ATbs, AP--^ojr. a^c-th, a^-;r; mpdm-an (flSAepssR), 



^ Fonopji Macc&y o npeBdo^BJOBaBiB nero-JB6o; o JBirb ve vh no^odnoirb cjj- 
Haii oiSbiKuoBeiuio FOfiopnicii -*- com - C(Miici/i6xud« 



G7«$HB0*b 'Jca Bl GSPBOE. 1I3HS(B. § 172. 451 

om? m^dea-eimu (BSxaBan, spomHTb) , Rop. A;roc^ = troch (kut 
3A%e& qepoAjiDTca; cp. pyccs. Kpotuumh^ Kpomna h ^eincK* troch-u, 
nojibes. troch-e <cb61ho»ko»); no-o/cup-an (<(rj[oiKa», JLaepoe- 
CKia, Cep^CB. pyccB. cjiob. 491, Vesdic 319; bi ciOBapt ft/fca 
BToro CJioBa Btxi), rji. no-omp-amu (rjOTaTb), AP«~^ojr. no- 
;KH|i-aTH; dprtM-aK (rHOTBopnaB, ycHnBTejBHHB BannTOBi), rjr. 
dpiMamu (6eitb cohjibbhhx), jar. dorm-ire (cnaib); odoj-ak 
(«nopoceHOBiy BiisopiiJieHHuS iiaTepHHMi hoiobomi)), cir. Jlaepoe- 
CKiUf 40&), rji. oddj'umu (bopmhtl hojiobomi); cepm^m-aK (bo- 
Beiti, coBepmeme), vjl. cepmumu^ ochobhoB BopoHB ecTB epx=xh' 
6onv. Bpik^TL (paBHo BBBi wb eooTB'bTeTByDi]][6K'b pyccB. coeepm- 
umt); Hodo-Mbm-aK (apHtiasBa, npH^aBJieHie), fji. uadoMhrndmu 
(apB^aBjiATb), Bop. Mem; no-Hem-an (aa^ajio), sop. coticTB. vhN-, 
rj[. nd-nemu (naqaTE), nacT. Bp. ndnu-eM^ xp.-6ojr. hoyath, 
NavLK-x; npocj-an (nen^iB), fji. npbc-umu (HHmeHCTBOBaTL, npo- 
CHTb MB.IOCTUHU); db'Xod'aK (npExoA^, npHdHiie), rj. doxod- 
umu. 

npRH'bpB BTopaqearo -an: Hckd-UM-an (DpoaBH^e), on uue 
(uMeHa)y j(p.-($ojir. hma (HMeNe), sop. grta; brnpaotc-an (HflBHHai 
jierBifl fl xyAHfl sepua), oti mpa% (cTona, cjiiA'B)9 cp. nd-mpai 
(HasaAi); ua-nym-aK (yBasaeie^ eacTaBJieHie), oti r^ym (Aopo* 
ra, oyTB), m. uanym-umu (ysasaTB Aopory); ua-eu/b-aK (Bonna 
cbHa), on euAe (brjiei); duMfh-an (Tpy6a), on duu (ahhi), 
lar. fum-us; 66ofcj-aK (HHjiiiB), oti Cot^ tj. Cboimmu (npHSH* 
BaTb Bora na nouoiiitb); muauh-qk (Aoporofl, jid^obbebI)), on 
Mtlo (AoporoB, MHiuB), cp. n. MilAoeamu (jiD($HTb, JiacBaTb); 
us'6peoic-aK (BOBBiimeHHoe m^cto, BpHropoB'b), on 6pn% (hhos. 
Q^^tooM = xojmii, 6eperb), Ap.-(5ojir. epiiri; d-Mel^-au (ayciap- 
BBKi), on Mh}a (rpasBKa, Bycn), Ap.-t^oir. uen^n (cpoAHHa, 
npeA'bJi'b)i 031 *medjaf cup. madhja (cpoABifl), ut. medio-; 
iuyPhb-aK (AJpaB'b, rjiynem) OABoro sopaa cb tuyn.bUHa (cbbb- 
zHBa, Ai^pft); b6nme/th-an (BflcftiibafiB^ , aoAJiOA'b) bpohsboabtca 

29* 



452 oyftvisoi -ka bi gjab. usHBiXi. § 172. 

OTi npnqacT. npom. Bpei. naroia dfffbcumu (noBftcHTB), opo- 
Hcmexniaro nn "offefbC'; j^-an (repoB), ep. AP*-<$ojir. lom 
(dhbS, moioaoB); MdM-an (DHoma), ep. MdMa (A^BjinKa)— sop. 

MOM npHHaAJieSHT'B, 0631 COMHiHia, Kl Til's nepBOtfHTHHMl 8By* 

BOBBxi BoanjieKcaMXi aoTopoe cjryxpjiH ocHoaaHien osHa^eBif 
naBHiin cTeneeeB poACTsa; edj-an (coiAan, bobhi), ep. xp«* 
6oRv. BOH (boBcbo); KphyaK (eohciii), on TosA6CTBeHuaro no 
BHa^eHiD Kpaj (Kpan); pyn-UK io6ixb^ saBTpaBi), vs. p^-anm 
(o6tAaTB, aaBTpasaTb) ao'^ho npHSHHan sa cjiobo BTopocienea- 
Hoe, TaBi-RaBi npHBeAeHBHB riarou, 6tn coHHtBiir, aojibbo 
BositOAHTb bs cyniecTB. pj^a (pxKd). R% ciOBaH'b bb -ok^ bibo- 
TopBxi BOJiBBa ysasaTB hb cooTBtTCTBeBHae BopHB, FAt cjAao- 
BBxejiLHO TpjAHO p^BTB — npeACTBBJiBen JIB -aK cy^^BBCi nep* 
bb^bhB bib BTopocTeneflHiiB, npHBaAJtesan : /bujb-a/K (leTyvaa 
bhidb) b dt^jM-a^ (fletfojiBmoB Bycii). 

HlsOTOpBB CJIOBB BB -aK OBBSHBaDTCB BaBBCTBOBaHBHXH B81 

Typei^Karo asuBa: Kynd-aK (npvsjiaA'B y pysBa); jac-an (sanpe- 
meflie), coAa-se, ci BBBftfleBBOB'B saatieflieBi, aojizbo OTHOcn 
B pyecB. ^-ax«; d^-ax (ahbobbb Tpy($a), cp. pyccB. CHhn{i 
SA^CB BflaBeflia ae coBflaAanrB); j^m-ok (saTyoiBa ajkb Basa* 
TflBBBiB maisa); nypj-aK (bojibi). 

8. Bi eiozHOXi bba4 -an OBasHBaetcB BpeBsyfliecTBeBHO n 
cooABflefliB CB M B lit; 'HOK^ "man; -MaK o^pasyen cjobb Bep- 
BBTOEur, BJiE BTopocTeneBBHB: nb-HUH'OK (oTAim, boboB), vi. 
ndHunymu (oTAOXByTB), Ap.-<Sojir. novHNXTH (novHNATH), sop. 
ki (cp. ^emcB. odpocinek); ch-cmau-aK (cotfpaaie, BOHrpecci), 
rJL ch-cma-mu ce (codpaTBca); 6ojbti'HaK (BcnpaBieHie, yjiyqine- 
Bie), on 6d.M (Jiy^me). 

-man o^pasyen BcerAli cjiobb flepBBWHB; cp. apoat apBBe- 
AeflBiui BHme cepiui-maH b noH^mam: do-dd-maK (aoC^bbobi), 
on rjnar. dddamu; tyCti-^maK (noTepa), ^^ %y6ufnu; Kyc-d-moK 
(qobb, CTBon), Ti. Kyc-umu (o6pt8aTB XBOcn); ca-eu-nuvc 



07ft4^IB0l 0% 'k Bl CEPBOB. flSHKI^, § 172. 46& 

(cBHTOKi), rji. ciieumu (cbhtl); mp^wy-man (iirHOBeHie) , n* 
mpSuymu (sanepen rjasa); yatctl'fnaK (coAepsaiie, aopii), rJL 
^Qtcumu (nojibSOBaTbefl) hsi ^yotcue-mu; xopB. sgodi-taJc (bh- 
ErpHmi, BBHrpHiDHHl HyMepi), rJi. aiddumti ce (cJiyqHTbCfl,. co* 
rxacHTbca); npuM-maK (oph6htoki), rji. npU-Gumu i iip» 

4« OaoBUHie -ufc bi npocTou bhaI^ jnoTpe6u')Tca ptae, 
^ftai cjiozfloe ci bhmi -nuk; ohe o(Sa npeACiaBJEHDn cy^^Hs- 
en BTopocTenoHBHe. -^k: xopB. cen-ik (opeBci-sypaHTi)^ on 
cena (icfcHa); jabuc-ik (caA% cb Atfioflau), on jdbuko (a(SjIoeo)^ 
ceptfcB. j&6yH0y jdGyKa; Aun-un (jibbobuM Jitcii, JtHnHflsi), oti 
JuAna; eud-UK (bha'b), on eud; Hh-jajM-uK (HaeMOHKi), on 
nd-joM (flaem); MU/bCUHiK (HanepcHHsi), on mUmu; Bop. mua. 

OBOflqaHie -huk: pyn-nuK («nojioTeBiie», ^emcs. rucnik)^ 
prb pyna; nphe-nun («K)pHcn», hoibcb. j?rat;-niA;^y onnj^^o; 
oce6m-HUK (MCTHTen), on dceenia (oToiaieaie, BOBHCSAie), Bop. 
ceem (Ap.-6oir« crat); jiW-huk («cjiOBapB» ~ Bponyn^oHO y 
Byna), on ptbH (cjiobo); xopB. ceo-nik (Ba^ajiLBBBi), AP*-($Ojir. 
YejikHHiTL, on cdo (qejo, Jiotfi); ey-Ayd-nuK (rjiynei^i), on 
eyAyd (rjiynoBatiiH); du/beofc-nuK (HOTapiycx)i on 6uA>e%a (opH- 
itra, aAjib); xopa. hetea-nik (({ojibhoB), on beteg ((ojiisHb), 
saHMCTB. H3^ BOurepcB. ESBBa: heteg (((ojibhoB), leteg-sig ((So- 
jlsfli)); OKpym-HUK (secTOKiS qeiOB'bK'b), on npiiiar. hnpymau 
(zeeTOsiH), Bop. Kpym^ AP«'<iojir. Kpxr-, cp. pyccB. Kpyn-una; 
CKAem-HUK (aaroBopQHBx), on objiot- (sop. KAtn^ jl^Moht. 
KiihN-Xy on KiiATH); Kpe-HUK (najiavb), on npe (K|^*LBik). 

5. OBOflvaHie -Ayn isotfjiBqaen cjobb Typei^Baro BpoHcxox- 
AOBia: MQMyp'AyK (rojioBHaa 60JIB Docji BBaflerBa); oprnhK-AyK 
(apTOJi) ToproBoe o6niecTBo) — on Toro-se cioBa npoHcxoAHn 
H pyccB. ajpm^t; tauphm-AyK (joxhoctb); e/KcUK-Ayn (HOAO^en, 
HeyAB^a, BaBasaflie cyABtfn); ne^eajidM-^^ (HeycTolBa), cp. Typ, 
pv&mdn 6lmak («pacBaBBaTMa»), BOTopoe bi cbod o^epoAB 
TaBi*xe BaixcTBOBaao wn nepcHACB. pekmdn suden; iputa^K-AyK 



454 oyftOHKOi -ka bi ojab. ohkaxi. § 172. 

(narpoHTara^); HueU-Ayn (rBOB^b wa njiaTM); ^om-A^ (^acn 
naHTajiOH'B, npBKpaBaDiuBX'B *8aAi»); cp. Typ. gut (anus); noAoSh- 
Ayn (HHOsecTBo), cp. flOBO-rpev. nahoLiJLTfcthiKi (Bfia, ((esoo- 

BcTpt^aioTCB fl Tasifl cJiOBa, FA'b ui TysoMBOHy sopfli) bjik 
npocTony cjiosy npflCTaBJifleTefl saBMCTBOBaBHoe osoB^aBie: doMhs- 
AjfK (eenpoAasBBe ope^MeTH, ocraDniiecB npe AOMt), oti doM; 
npC'Ayn (BarpyABBKi), ot-b nfcu (rpyAB); nacjh'Ayn (boajioctb, 
co((aqiB noCTynoB*B, 3jio6a), OTi nac (co((aBa), Ap*'6ojir. nkC'L. 

6. OKOHRanie -Ka osasBBaeTCii no CojibmeB qacTH bi cjipBaxi 
BTopfl^Bsx'B, g BHterB BBCbMa SHa^BTejTbHoe ynoTpetfjiesie; nep- 
BBiHOe -fca: o-na^-^a (danibTBa), rji. dnastimte (saviTBTb), Tasi 
B naS'Ka oti ^(id-iimt^ (o6paniaTb BBHHaBie aa vto hjb bofo- 
flii6yAB); d'dym-Ka (npoAyniBBa), rj. odytutmiu; 9u6-Ka (ko- 
jiBitfejib), rjiar. sM-amu (saqaTb); xops. jpao-A;a (npenaTCTBie), n. 
pac'iti (DpenBTCTBOBaTb), cep(icK. na«f-Mmt« (bpoabtb), sop. naK 
(cp. nhK-ocrm); Ayn-Ka (jiyqflBa. ajib ocBtnieBia), sop. luc^ cp. 
laT. lux (cBtTi), AP**^ojr. Aoyva (ji;tb); eaAun-na (BOAOCTa- 
TOfi'b, omfltfBa), OTi edAumu (BeAOCTaBaTb); xopB. mudro-poj-ka 
(«(Hy8a», 6yBB. BanaHBaiofltafl HyApocTbX)), rjiar. pqj'iti (qobtb), 
Bop. pi; Mdm-Ka (onaxajio, npoaaxx), rjar. Mdm-umu (6pocaTB), 
Kop. Max (cp. Mox-amt); dyS-na (Vesdic^ 44, «AOJiomo, BaaJiB- 
1(6 »)| Bop« d^(;=pyccB. doA6 (rjiar. doA6-ufnt>^ qemcB. (22ai- 
a^iy dlouhati); Kyn-na (synauBe), rji. Kynamu (KjnaTB); nyth-na 
(neTJji), rJi. nyu-umu (aanoJiFBTB), ^emcK. plnitu 

npBHtpQ BTopB^flaro -Ka: mSm-na (TOTsa), orb mima; mSh- 
Ha (H6AB%XBita), OTb M€H'^ cp. jM^ve (poA* Minema <xH6ABtse- 
BOBi»); orB Toro-se Bopaa otfpaaoBaHO oo-BBABHoay a pyccK. uuu^ 
na^ cp. jiBTOBCB. mes-kd^ (voABtAB), a mesk^ne (ueABiftABil&); 
bAoe-Ka (aBapaBAami* — qemcB. cluvko)^ on dAoeo (ceaaeiii); 
Mdu-na (Bomaa), cp, Mdn-an (boti), Bear, macs-ka; f^-na (ry- 
ceaoBiy 6yjiKa; cp. qeaies. hauska), on tyca; KhnaiuKa (Bypa- 



I 

OyOOHKCl HA 'h Bl OSPBGR. A3HS^. § 172« 455 

qa ), OTi KOKOttf (to-s6 caioe); dn^oj-ica ( A'^Bymsa, A^Ei^a), ot'b 
dfbea H op. 

Bi» oSy^a (oAOXAft) OKOHqaaieMi osasHBaeTca -a, a He -na^ 
Tasi-sasi sopOHb aioro cjosa qsck (sa Baajcsoii riacHoH oakj 
BOTopoe nepexoAHn kb ^yK — e BunaAaen oocjii 6)^ AP*-((oj[r. 

KAW- (BAUU-TH^ BAW-X), Cp. ($OJir. OC-AHK-AO, ^eiDCK. 0&-26%y 

HHXHejrys. hoUdk; pasBOMtpHO h bi mucKa (AaBKa) k npHeaA- 
lesHTi K% iu>pHi>y cp. FJiar. mikK-amu (AaBHTb, TOJisaTb); xopB. 
osH-ka (ysejcb) BftpojiTHO saBHCTBoeaHo hsi hAh. asuKa, cp. essig. 

Gjj^^HBCb 'Ko ynoTpetfjifleTCA p'bASO h otSpaayeT'b cyntecrPH- 
TejLUHfl Cb yiieuBniHTejBHHii'B sHaqeHieM'b, nepBHqHna hjih bto- 
peqHUfl: fudH-tco (njiaBca, nJiascHBoe ahta), oti fudKamu (a.ia- 
EaTb); cecj'KO (poAaoV, JuKSesHHfl), oti ctfe>;V nScmatu-Ko (Heiio- 
ciA'By roMosa), on necmcmau (HeycEA^HButr, ptsBHfl); cmapqj' 
Ko (aepBHB CBaTi>)y on cmdp (cTapaH); no-niiui-no (cityHi — 
«qui in lectam .mingitx) — Vuk^ 542), rjar. numamu; cuh-ko 
(acHHi>» — CTapmii TaKi roBopBTi* MjaAHi^vy); oti cum; shMu- 
Ko (coDHTeT'b ($%jiaro kohh, cb (S^jishb fl6jiosaMHx>, J^aarp. 178), 
on d^46N (sojieHHfl); nAdm-KO (apoM'b nAdmna ^soiiy npHABTCfl 
DABTHTB HocAft HoyAaiHoif flppH Bi sapTaxi))), rji. nAdmumu. 

OBOBqaaie -ck^ coBoaAaei'B ci AP*-((oAr. -lck^l, h otfpasyoTi, 
vh EaqecTBi BTopnqHaro cyj^^Hsca, npHiararejibHHfl hbi cynie- 
CTBHTejibHHxi: mhm-cKu (BopoBcsoM), on mam (Bopi); qiUh' 
CKU on mchna; myM-CKU (jitcHoH), on tuyjua (^Jitcii)), cp. qemcB. 
sumava); qkusuh-cku (shbothhII), cp. OKueuH-He (sHBOTHoe); 
66huH'CKU (otfn^ecTBeHBHBy nyCijHqHHfl), on 66tfUfia (o($mBBa); 
6ao6'Cku (cbhbi^obhB), on dAoeo; pdj-cnu (paBcBiR), oti pqj; 
top-CKu (ropHHil), 01% %opa; xopa. sinov^aki (chhobbIH), on sin; 
KCLyp-CKU ( BeaibpyiDniiB ), on naypuu (aoB'bpBEiB; Typei^s. Mr 
«CJi4noH»); xopB. oUn-ski (omoBcaiS), on otac (cp. Bpoit to- 
ro I otacU^ npoBcmeAmee bs'l ''otac -ski); davor-sU (bohb* 
CTBeiHuB), on davar (vtfon boBhh y apobbhxi CAaBABi», Vesdic 



456 cy«4^. 'ka b% oiib. xbhsaxi. §§172—173. 

31), cp. HopACR. ttvar {<i6ojrby>— Dietrich^ Altnord. Leseb. 661). 
Ilocjift soeevBHn MrEBXi mHoicniBxi sopeBHoro ciOBa (m, ok) 
onycKaeTcx c wb cy$$. -cku: Mym-Ku (lyxecEiS), En ^Mym- 
CKU^ OTi Myoic; ehpom-Ku (ropoACKofl) b31 ^eapom-CKu^ on ehpom 
(<KropoA0i» — BeirepcB. t;(fro5, cp. lypeus. vdrys <ciipexMteTbe»); 
xopB. luzki (itcHoR)|H8inepBOH. ^tcmg-^ska — Ay%h'Cm=AyoiO'eK'^ 
oTh lug (iibci), jip. tfojir. lixaskNi, on iixr^. HanpoTHBi, He- 
Cfcu (qemcdB) croHn bh. ^^am-CKu. B% jecmcj-CKa (<cnHiiia, inAy^j 
VesdiCf 92; JaepoecKiU^ 222), Bop.* t^ npoAcraBJiBen co6ctb. 
npBiararejibHoe ci BBaveHieii cjBiecTBBTejBHaro, paBEO sasi h 
e6j'CKa (fern. ^boIcbo, jidah») ^opMa xoHCBaro po^a jTpa^efl* 
Haro VI Tj36HH0Hrb irsHK'b npHxaraTeibflaro *eoj'CKu; cooTBtr* 
CTBOHHoe npBjiaraTexBHoe oabbso BCTpft^aoTCii wi x^.^m. BSHsi: 

BOH-CK'L (BOeSBHS, BOIflCTBeEBUl ), OTBJAa otfpasOBaflO BOH-CKfl 

(fem. «Bo8cBO»). 

§ 173. OsoflqaBie -ha vh ciOBBEeBon flSHat. 

JI^eBHo-tfoxrapcBOBy -m, KoropHxi oKaBwaaDTCB HBoriir npo- 
HBBOAHHfl npEiaraTOiBBOH, cooTBtieiByen -eJb, b'b Bft&OTopHxi 
flapftviBX'b H -ok ('Ok bjh xaso -ik): gldd-ek (rose glad-Ik 
HXB glad'dk)^ xp«-($oxr. riiaA-*urL; gUlhk (nytfoBiB)— riixcon; 
mkh-ek (spoMft mlh-ik b meh-dk) — iukIiITL (BBrsifl); Idh-ek 
(l6h'ik^lo%''dk)^K\j'iXh (jierKifl); Uz-do {'tni^mt)~jtiXkjn; 
v6'£ek (yaiciB) — xi^-m; rid-ek (p'lxBiS) — p%A-ui; trp-ek 
(ropBBil)— TpMiKi; sldd-ek (slad-dk, sZcKJ-U^—caoA'U^ 

JS^peBfle-tfoxrapcKoiy -Kik, -M'l, oCpasyDBieMy cyBieeiBHTexL- 
BHB Byseesaro pox^, b'b cjiobbbcbobi ji3HBft cooTBtTeTBym"b xBa 
paBRHXi no ^pBft OBOBWBii: -ak (-dk), b -i& C -ek); nepBHl 
cy^^BBCB BBften Bcerxa yAapeflie, BTopoB se BBSorJia; -oft k 
-ek flpexcTaBJiBDn ejilxoBaTOJiBflO oabo xbbib oBOflqaflle, BBBt- 
BBi>meeci[ CBorpi bo yxapeaii). 

'dk BCTptvieTCJi npoBByniecTBeBBO bi eiOBaxi^ BTopaqaaco otfpa- 
dOBafliB: helj-dk {6iion), orb M (tfftXHB); koret^-dk (ceibbhI 



OyftftHKOl HA -ft Bl GIOBHHGB. 4I8UB!fi. § 173. 45? 

ifs^HHa), on karSn (sopenB); oc-dh (opaoTeiii, narpiapxi), 
on dca (dce^ ot6I{i>); hed-dk (vijueni)^ ep. bed-ast (rjiynHl), 
cep6cB. 6yd'iua; divj-dk (AHsapB), on di'f^i (j^Hsilf), AP^-l^ojir. 
AHBHh; rumenj'dk^ on rumen (sojithV, pyiflHuR), xp.-tioir. poy- 
mHi; rod'dk (ryseiiemy poACTBeoHERi), on rod (Pol's, no- 
Koiftaie); hqj-dk (fiopeii'By BOflHi)^ on 5^2 (doB, cpasenie); fe^S- 
tfft (noAeBo^HKi), on t4ia (TflsecTi), npHJiar. thi-ek (tasojiuR); 
lenj'dk {iLi^rai)^ on Un (jiiiHBHfl); U-dk (saiieQHHB nojrb)| 
on tth (aho, nojii). 

Bh po-zir-dk (rjOTKa), rjiar. jpokr-ati (vjionn) -uik osasu- 
BaoTCfl DepBH^BHis, paBHO Kan vh zij-dk (stBaaa, BpHByHi), 
riar. aij-ati (sftBan), AP*-<!oj[r. ^hhth^ :;Hn-R| ub ^-gs. 

(EpuMfbHanie. OaoBqaflie -dk no yAapeaii) cxoahtcb saHtqa- 
TeiiBBM'B o(Spa30]ii ci pyccB. -dira H qemcB. aft; oto rbMi ((o*^ 
jfte 6pocaeTCfl bi rJiasa, qio cooTBiTCTBeHHoe HoyAapflettoe -ift^a 
-eft Bi cjioBHHCBOMi if8HB% coBep^noHio coBaaA^en ei pyccB. 
-tffcs, BOTopoe Tose Be yAapaoTcii, H qemcB. -eft, BUBasHBaDiiiBx^B 
Bp^iTByi) nacflyi). OcHOBHBaacL Ha bthzi cxoACTBaxi, m aojis- 
HH ycHaTpBBaTb Bi pyecBOHX yAapaeioii^ -Hkb ciiA'B tfuBmeB 
npesAO Bi ynoTpe^jfOHiH AOiroTd rJiacHoB a; ei bthii cjrbAT- 
en eqe conocTaBHTB AOJroTy nepBaro -a bi oBOHqafliH -d^Ka). 

OKOBqanie -ift (^-eft^, bi corjaciH ci -rfft| otfpasybn qanie 
Bcero cioBa BTopocTenenHHi; npnitpH BTopH^Haro -ift ("-eft^: 
UjAc'ik (bjid^hbi), ot^ ft^iitc; mZa(2-2^-«ft («BecBax>y co6ctb. 
cioJiOAoe JitTOft), on IHo (roA^t ^^to); |7of^m-ift (qotohobi) 
on poUm (noToiii^ na-din-ik (noA6HQHBi); on d6n (acbb); 
sUm-ik (3JoB f^^rh^ A^BBOA'b), on zlom (ro-se caioe), cp. Ap.- 
6oiv. !pMi (sJioB); ok6l4k (odcToaTeiLCTBo), on okolf okdli 
(OBOJO); iz'vid-ik (bsfua's), on vid; na-sfndm-ik (o6iiiBJie- 
me, BdBlmeHie); p^t-ik (niiTHHiia) on p6ti (aatHfl); did-dc (aA- 
Ayvsa), on did; svSt-ik (npasAHHBi), on svit (cbiitoB); pred- 
<ifi-ift (TiTyn), on im£ (em) hum; ndi-ek (hosibi), on ndi^ 



458 cyoa^Hscb -ha bi gjab. flSQSix'L. § 173. 

ograd-eJc (caAHBi), oti ograd (ca^i); pO'Slid-ek (cit^cTBie)^ 
orb sled (cjitAi)); zapopdd-ik (coAepsaeie), oti eapopdd^ Kop« 
jpa(2; spomen-ik (naHflTHHsi, naMATb), orb spomin (navjiTb); 
per-pdd'ik (cJij^gaS), oti HeynoTpetfjmeiiaro ''per-pad, cp. vemcs. 
pripad; dogdd-ik ^j^£JL^nli)y on dogdd. 

npHM'bpH nepsH^earo -ik (-ek): do-sved-ik (ohhti), oto do- 
st;^(2-iji (HcnEiTaTb)y sop. vid- stA! dois6r4k (paacBtTi, 6jiecB*bX 
js^oW^i 56 (pascBtiaTb); se^n-tA; (rojiqoRi), on stin-Ui (cjByTb); 
iztreb'ik (oqameHie, yAajreaie), war, ia-trebiti (jBaqTosarb, hc- 
Tpe6jiflTb)y xp.-tfoir. HCTptCHTH; ponud-ik (npeAiosoHie \ on 
pontiditi (npeA^araib); oddj-ik (Bopoceaos'b), ta. oddjUi (nepe- 
CTETb BopMBTb rpjAbio); 0'prdv4k (coeepraeuie), m. oprdvUi; 
oh-dr-ik (oTBapi, jeBOKn), hst* *dbvdr'iky rj* obdriti; per- 
vis-ik (npBBepxeHiiH), on per'^vis-Ui (npBAopsBBaTbCA soro, 
jibHyTb SI EOMy); odvU4k (naciitAHHK^b), sop. vet; poz^-eJk 
(xejaBie, oxoia), or^b po-kl^-ti (noseuTb), jip.-6ojirap. skcasth. 

mdl'ik (syMHp^i AOiianiHil (Softosi) npoBcxosA6Bifl TOHHaro; 
Hoaien 6mh oho cjobo h bobco ho ciaBflHCsoei Tasi-sasi e^Ba- 
jiH MOXHO npoBSBOABTb OFO on TJ[. mflUi (HOJBTbCJi); MuBjro- 
rnmif ccnocraBJiflii ero ci AP-*<$ojir. mja'l (Les. 861), yRasH- 
BaeTi Ha anrJio-caHC. mad (snas'by ot^pas'b). 

GjioxB£ifl cb -aky -dk 6B0H9aHifl cyib: -nak^ -tak^ -nik. a) -ndk 
(-njak) ynoTpe($Jifi6TCtf Beebia p'bASO, o6hshob6hho saK^ cy4»- 
4)HBC'b BTopHqBHH: Icv-ndk (ibBHHoe JidroBHHie), on Uv (jieBi), 
Ap.-(SoAr. AhKh; smet-njdk (flaB03Hafl sy^a), on 8m4ti (copx); 
vod-ndk (soJiOAesb), on voda; zvird-njek ( HCToqHHS'b), on 
zvir (rjar. zvir-ati <i(npoHCTeBaTbx>); cnAa upBHauesHn h za- 
dostd-nik (fleAOHusa, BeAodop'bX npoHcmoAniee m% — naky rjiar. 
zadostdti (ocTaTbca nosaAH). 

Gy$41)Bsc% 'tak, Tasi-sasi ho jAapAerc^, npiiflHMaeT'b 4^opiy -tek, 
-tik H odpasyen cioBa nepBOCTeneHHHfl: napl-tik{u%niiLTO)s,%)y sop. 
pi; do ' dd - tik '^ doddtek (Aotfaaosi), sop. da; snti-tik (ocbo- 



GFdQ. Tlk 'k n% OJOBHHCR* ABBKft. § l73. 459 

Ba y TKaw), rji. snti-ti (aaiiaTHBaTb); per-U-tihy m-c^-tik (he- 
laio), rji. perUti, zaUti (HawTb), percn^m (na^Hy); U-tek 
(sHSHB, eyqecTBOBaflie), hsi ^ziy-, fji. iivUif AP*-({o.ir. %h-th; 
i^cu'tik (^yBCTBo), sop. cw, rj. cuti (6a*tb, ^lyBCTBOBatb). 

OfiOHqaHie -^ik^ soTopoe Becbia qacTO y^apBeTCff, DpeAcraB- 
zwt% co($CTB6HHo -fft, KOTopoB. npHcoeAHHaeTCfl K'b DpHiarareib- 
BHiTB fla -n, HAS K'b npHqaQTiflV'b ^it rbM'b -se oRoe^aHieiii; 
enxa npBHHKann cjiOBa no CojibioeS qacTH BTopocTeneHHSii: 
mrdk-nik (HO^nafl OTHua), ot^ mrdk (cyiepKH); dbrdz-nik (xh- 
BOOHeeA^), OTh obrdz (jBito, KapTHoa), Rop. r&z (pis); &ro(2- 
n{& (napovniHR^), orb hr6d (tfpOA'By nepeaoai); last-nik (co6- 

CTBeHHHRl) H8l t;^-, OTl 2(15^ ( COtfCTBeHHOCTb), AP«-($ojir. BiiaCThy 

Bop. B/iOA! samot-nik (toso samot-nik <(nycTHHHBB'b, HOBan>>), 
orb samota (yejiBBeflie); zdrav-nik (jfbRapb, Bpaqi), on zdrav 
( SAopoBiiiB ), OTRyjia o((pa30BaBo zdrdviti (jiivBTb), hetez-nik 
(tfojbHoB), OTi &eJ6^ (6ojitBQb); sil-nik (jsecTORiH qejiOBts'b, tb- 
paBi) on 8ila (cBia, aysxa); m4s-nik (cBiin^eBnBS'b), o^i 
9»^^a (otftABB); r6v'nik (OtABBRi^ BeeqacTHEiB )y on r^t;a 
((JtAB, rope); zaroc-nik (o^BiBqaBBHB, cynpyri), rji. zardclti 
(BiflqaTb)i on rdka (pyRa); A^rse-nii; (krsenik ixxpscTiaHBui, 
Bpefl^eBHoB), n. ib-^^i/i (BpecTBTb), cyq. Jbr^t. Ex paBpBAy 
CJLOVb nepBBqBHXi npHnaAiiexan: nastdp-nik (npeeiBBB'bX ^-^^ 
nastdp'iti (cji^xoBaTb), ap« - 6ojlv. NacranoTH (cTynaTb, aaoTy- 
naTb, BxoABTb); per'^s-nik (upsBepxeHeiii), vjl. pervisiti {6uTh 
npeAaBBuny npflBflaaHBEiii); vj^t-nik (ysBBRi, nitHBBR'b), on 
^6t% (nj^BHTb), AP*-(!ojir. oy-hATH; hot-nik (<iccjiacT0Jri)6euxi>, 
cp. Jhotnica <xflajiosflHi(a»)y on hot-iti (xorbTb); Idz-nik (apo- 
Jtasa, noAJiasa), rjiar. ld,Z'iti (nojisaTb); vod-nik (npoABOABTe^b^ 
BOSAb), rji. vod'itu B^ vucenik (yqBreJb) npoBSoniJio OBOnqa- 
TOJibBoe HBMtfleBie sBaqeBiBi tbri - RaRi obo BpezAO Bspaxajio 
discipulns, bi corJiaciff cb AP*-($oj[r. oyY6HHKi;jpoeI2dlfiiA;(«noA- 
AaBflnK»; bo podldrnka «noAAftHBaax> h «Bajiosflfl]ta») o($pa80- 



460 oyo^ftHBO'B 'ka bi ojiab. hbhbaxi. ^ 173. 

BaHO EZ^ podldzen (ooAAftBHHS, noA^HHeHHQS), rJiar. podldiit^ 
sd-vrdi-nik (opari) nenoepeACTBeHHO opBiiasaen csopie bs 
n. sdvrdzUi (HeflaBBxiTB)i HezeiH bi eym. soe;r(£iS (HeaaBH- 
Afl]i(i9)| AP*'0OJir. G;iiBpa;Kk. 

OBOH^aflie -t;i% ; dd-vik ( noABpoBi*^ noAaiHie ) npexcTaBM- 
en npocToe -ift c% BCTaBOWHMi -t;. 

-ceA;, jnoTpe(Sjifl6H06 bi saqecTBl BTopocTeneBHaro yieH&mK- 
T6JibHaro cy^^BBca, cocToan hbi abjxi nepBOHaq. ropTaHHHxi 
8JeM0HT0B^, B8% BOTopuzx nepBHff noABeprcfl CMflrqeaii): -K-Hm 
khm-cek (saHemeBi), on *kafn^ kdmen (cp. qemcB. draio- 
iam «Aparoit'bflBHK BaHeHB»); kip-cek (cTaryBBa), ors ^^^ Ben- 
repcB. k6p, AP*-<$ojr. kotl (otfpaai, ByMBp^, cmyn), cp. pyccs. 
Kanume; kds-cek (aycoqeBi), onA^^d, AP*-($0Jir. kxci^; Ijub-cek 
(lotfHMei^'b), on ZJ2i& (AoporoSy hhihI). 

OBOfl<iaBie -ka bi Bi^^ecTBt nepBH^Haro: po-^Uv-ka (cynfb), 
rnr. pditi (nojHTB, odjifln), Bop. li; sad-i-ka (pacTeaie), on 
saditi (caAHTB; flacasBBan), Bop. sad (ycHJieHflaA $opMa npo« 
eiaro %); omedl^v-ka (yoaAmair bx otfiopoBi), i*^« omecUiti 
(ynacTB vh otfiopoBi), ^emcs. omdliti (riarojii xe b% cbod 
ovepeAB o($pa30BaB^ on npEJiaraTejBH. medd «eja($H8»y xp*~ 
60JLV. Whpfi'L ); Bi jdv'ka ( BonzB) X; npHHaAaesHn bi EOpHD^ 
rJL jdvkati (bobhtb), ceptfcB. jaykamu; pri-legav-ka (naios- 
BHAa), n. Ugati^ AP*-($ojir. avoth; bt^nia (onyzojB), n. na- 
&t2n-i<i (BBAyTB). 

IIpHMftpH BTopiqearo -ka: oUn-ka (jaina), on bli (blje 
ccA^P^BiTHBoe HacJiO))); rivdn-ka (coopi) oti ^phq npnacM 
npomeAmaro BpeieHB: rivan-^ BopeBHoM rjrar. rUi (phtb); bur- 
ka (rpoaa, ^IV^)^ oti hurja^ cp. qemcB. hour-ka h boure; 
omdzin-ka (saHysHflii zecqEBa), rj. omokti (BBAaiB aa Hyxx), 
on mdlf^ fjf.'ioN. uxskl; slov-ka (eion), on sUvo (un 
dovd apasiyaax), vh nepBOBai. SBaqeHiH «cj[oboi>); konopUn- 
ka (BOfloiuuiflBa)i on kondpla (BOfloufl); plc-ka (aepeo — n 



GFM. HA -ft Bl ClOBHH. H BOIF. 413. §§ 178 — 174. 461 

rpymax'B, JEtfjioBaxi e np.); cp. pik (kohuki), pika (tov- 
sa); uUn-Jca (y^eflHiiaX cp. uUn-ic (y^eHHsi), ri. ^c^% 
dA{-A;a (riy^HHa), on dno; hrtis-ka (rpyma), ot'b ^hrusa, cp. 
aiTOBCB. krtmse; ptUn-ka (sapKoe), n. p6ci (ne^iB), pecen- 
OKnsBBaeTCfl bi vemcB. j^ecene (zapsoe) h bi nepecTaajieHHOMi 
jiBTOBCB. kepenys; Mj-ka (nHXia, 6ftjiafl ejiB)^ on h6ja; stdr- 
ka (cTapyxa), on sthr. 

-ko: klbp-ko (sjiytids) bi. "klolh^ oti Heynorpetfjaeiaro ^Jdub-, 
cm-ko (BopoHaa jiomaAb), on cm (qepsBl). 

BTopocTeneHBHA npHjaraTeibHsa ci osoHqaHieHi -ski: jesin- 
^k% (oceBfliB)y on jesin (ocohb), aP- - (^ojr. leceHb; odtov-ski 
(OTitOBCRiS), on bee (OTei(i), poA. oc^a; neM-5A;i ( HetfecHHB), 
on n^; m6z-ki (cMysecsiB^ — nirmeTca laKxe mdhki^ BJiia- 
Bieu yD0A0($jr6Hifl OTSByqaaro k); —avh OKoeqaHiH BHnaAaen, 
TOKi-sasi npeAmecTByen Apyraa mHOflntaii; narod-ski (napoA- 
bbB), on ndrod (bi poaht. ndroda bjih naroda); Idn-sk 
(Idn^i «npomjioroAHiB»), on Idni (bi npomioxi roAy)) ^emcs. 
vlonif AP«-<$oj[r. mhh; smdl-'Ski (chojihcthB, chojiahoBX on 
smdla; pre-vir-ski (cyoB'bpHHB), orb prev6ra (cjihibsoii (Sojib- 
Biaa Bipa, cyeatpie ). Hb'b cpaBHeaia ci cooTBiTCTBeHHHVH pyc- 
CKHHH cJioBaxH BHXoAHn, 1T0 cioBBHCK. -ski TOCTo coBna^aen 
ei pyces. 'HuU. ' 

§ 174. OKOB^aaie -ka bi ((ojrrapcBOMi usHsft. 

^peBHe-5ojir. -JMh, BspasaDqee npHiaraTOJiBHHir, BSHtHBiocB 
Bi -"LK, nocjA HBrsun corjiacHHXi CTonn -lk = AP«*<$oir. -ui: 
CiiiiA'^Ky Kp^T-Uy nwLK (<cTOHKiBi>; ApeBsie nflrde nasBysH 9aift- 

HeHH TBOpAHBH: TbHLR'L); A^1iC4k (PJiytfosiB), AP«-(S0Jir. FilXEOKi; 
T^3K-LK (T12KbK*L). *l1VbK BlipaxaOT'E yABOOHBOO OROHVaHie C% 

yieHLmiTejiBBHn Bflaqefiiem: Y6|>H-ikrkK (qepBOBaTsB), cy;ic-i)v6k 
( eyxoBaxuB ). 

1. OyniiocTBHTeJBHiu lyisecBaro poAa ci ej^^HBcom -X;a oisa- 
BSBavn pasHBir oKoawaii, ciOTpa no yAapoflin a BBa^eHuo: 



462 oyft«(fEO'B -ka b% ojiab. ashbaxi. § 174. 

-2iK, vh corjiaciH ci pyccKHHi h cjobhhckhmi -a^, npeACTSB- 
jiaeT'b osoHqaHie, soTopoe BcerAa fAapflercA; -hk BHpazaen npe- 

HHfn^eCTBeHHO yieHbniHTeJIbHHH Cf^eCTBHTejBHEIfl, HO Bl OTIH- 

niB OTT) pyccK. -M» OHO HOsei'L npHHHvaTb yAapenie; spoit Toro 
ynoTp66.ifiH)TCfl enie OKoeqaHiiT -ik, -ok, h saai ocodeHHOctb 
TyseuHaro flsuEa -%k. 

a) OsoHqame -jk : jyu-AK^ xp**<^ojir. ■onak'l (H)Homa), qe^cs, 
jun-dk (hojoaou^^ repofl); BAp-aK (nyAeiB), cp. rjiar. Esp^w 
(AOTporHBaH)CB); ^Afln-dK (MajiBHHKi), yneHboiHT. orb jcAme (qemcs. 
chlap ttCJiyra, xoionx))); skhb-ok (pTyu), on skhb (shboB); 
KOT-aK (kotI)), cp. HbT-K*L (soniRa); koc-ok (pOA'BptqHOH pH^H), 

OTl KOC (KOCTb); EAH:;N-aK (tflUSHeUl); OTl EAH^-, Cp. BiUll^O 

(6jie3Ko); ncT-liK (^an^a, rjiymb), oti ric (rycroM), c% qjie- 
uoMi: rb'CTh-j'LT; ^rpacTOii-ak (KyciapHHiii, qan^a), AP«-(Soir. 
;(:BpacrL (xBopocn); nd-jax (oayKx), ot% reiiflaro Bopeff, cp. Ap.- 
6o3Lr. naxK'L, noJbCK. pajq^ ( U^antcoBH nnmyT'b pdjuk = niju). 

b) OaoHqaHie -iM (-6k): haom-'LK (ajiaMJi)i AP*-($0Jir. nAW- 
UKii, orb nAAiu; n^T-u (naTHnna), on ncTH (hathB), ap*- 
60JLV. nArhK% AOBih-'LK (cKOT'b)^ Kop. BH (Ap.-6ojr. BU), Ap.- 
Cojir. AOBUTLKii (cocToanie); M(ki-iK (R)Homa), cp. cep6cB. Mih 
Man; rAU-^LK (rJiOToai), rjar. rAirau (rjiOTaio); KaM-'LK(Ba- 
BieHb); nkc-iiK (necoKx), AP«-(!oj[r. ntCMV, ^ffjcK (aaaiti), ap«- 
($oir. :;afAi|h (-*lk nepenuo bo^ -ck BJiiflBioM'b npeAniecTByiofliaro 
CMflrtiaH)maro j). 

c) OKoeqaHie *hk o^pasyeTi o6eibbob6hho cJOBa BTopocTenen- 
Hiia: GYCM-HK (040 evJYM-HK «a<iHeiib»), AP«*<^0Jir. i-AYhuu (hymij), 
Vh yfi6HbniRTejibHoH j^opait uvhuUK^L, qemcK. jecmin-ek; KaMHK 
(KatteHb)} n6Tn6A-HK (((aapMKiD, (SyKR. aHutoiD.iM n^Tb iiaA6S»), 
oTi ncT (nATb <(nflTb»), h n6Ai (niiAb = nBAi>)9 cp. qemcB. 
pidimukk; KpeM-HK (apeaeHb, KpeHeiDeBi)^ AP«-<Soir. Kpeiiu^ 
yaeBbniHT. KpeiiUKii; MAAA0-aK6N-HK (HOBofipaqaHll, seHHXi), orb 
sKeiia; peu-HK (peHeHb)i ap^bb. peiiiMii^ on p6M6Nb. . 



cyoftHKGi Hi 'h Bi BOir. irsHR^. § 174. 463 

d) -HK BecBHa iiacTO ynoTpe($jifl6TCA bi cjios^ohi -nhk^ no 
tfoxbmeB iecth bi RaqecTsi osoHqaHifl BTopocTene&Haro: se^-^T- 
HHK (6e8A%TBnH), on a^T6 (ahth), ap^bh. fi^^iSi) rf^^iu-NHK 

(rpifflBHKXj, OTl t^V^\ ^HM-HHK (bHHOBHHK'B), OTl ^Mlk (3VHa); 

Ayui-NHK ( npoAymHHa, AyniHHKi)^ oti rji. aV^'^^ (ajd); Kyp-NHK 
(KypflTHBK'b), ApeBH. Koypi (aiTyxi); a^'HHK (((yAHRniHiB Aenb), 
cp. ^-du («o($TeCHBaH) TonopoHfBD, BBpazajio nepBoaaqajiLHO 
«pa6oTaio»)y ApenH. a^a>>^! HC-niiT-HHK (usciiAOBaTejib), rji. 
HC-nHT-m (HC-nihYB/iM ((BsciiAyn^); rAaA-NiiK (roj[OAa»niiA)| 
cyni. riiAAOC (rojOAi^), aP^bh. VMiffl^\ ao*B6A-hhk (chhi bbxo- 
AB^eB 8a-]iyx% baobu), riiar. AOBSAI^ (BOAy^ AOBOAy), yqa^ar. 

AOSeXA-^My HI^-AAT-NHK (HSltBHlfRl), 11. H^aBdM (BSXtHilK)); 

roA6HHK (otfpyqeHHBBi)), r.i. voj^ (otfpyqaH)); i^a-EpoA-HHK (ro- 
jOBHofl QjiaTosi), OTi cpAA-i» (<^opoAa); Na-npic-NHK (Haaepc- 

TOKT»)y OTX nf^liC (naiem); EpOJ6-NHI|H (mhos. VBCJI. OTI -6HHK 

«iieTM»), OT'b spoj (qscjio); i^a-Bap-HUK (chhi BCTynHBmaro bi 
Cpasi BAOBiia), ri. i^dBop-JYBaM (Haxoiayy sacTaio); y^^tot-nhk 
(6oiTyui)y OT'b ycm (^OwItjhbsB), cyni[. ycri; npa:;-HHK(<xnpa3A- 
HHRD); A Bunyn^oHO, EOTopoe BBpo^eHi h b^ pyccs. cioat ho 
npoHSHOcBTca), OTi npii^GN (nycTofly npasAHflB); Kpik€-HHK (specT- 
bhB OTei^i), orb Kpic (KpecTi). 

e) OfiOBqaaie -w npoifsomjio b31 ApcBBjiro -nn^ npn CTO.ib 
ucTOHi qepoAOBaHiH % ci q; npHM'bpH BTopHqearo -u (koto- 
poe BCTptqaeicfl qaiii.e nepBoqiiaro): a^b-m (AflRapb), oti ahb 

(ABKiB)^ APOBH. AHBHIIKlk^ 0Tb AHBHH; miU-iff (utmiB), OTd 

n^iiik (niui aatmROHX))), apobh. n^uikiih, oti nsiuk; aoan-^ 

(BtTpi npHXOABB^iB CBB3y), OT'b A^A^H (flH8RiB« BBBSy Baxo- 

ABQiBcai); rp'LE-ii^ (xpe6eTflafl Bocrb, ipe($erb), on rpici 
(ropdi); ropN-^K (B'bTpiy csepxy npHXOABn;ifl), orb ropeN (Bepx- 

BlB, BHCOKiB); IMA-'BK (flCTpetfl, Ryp£rBBR!b), OTl nHA6 (nTH4a, 

i^uiueBOKi); siA-iLK (ayjB, map'b), cp. BOii (pjHHAP'b); Ada-M 
(AflA')i cp. Adas (TOTBa). 



464 oy«ftHKO!b 'ka bi oiab. bshsixi* § 174. 

nepBV^HHn -ILK osasHsaeTCii nanp. hi npdc-u (Hniitil), 
Ap.-6ojir. npocHHK*L^ vuv. npbcL (npomy hhjiocthbh); n'yui-tK 
(ahbi), Kop. W(}C-f cp. ceptfcB. nyxamUf nyx-uymu («jiyT&» — 
ix)S6 Bi sHaqeBis «Tentam 6mitt6r6»)| nym-umu (RfpBTB); 
orip-tK (orapoBTi), nar. orofikBaM (sasBraD, onajjm). 

[ZQn^JKibv. TaBi-BaBi % BpoBSfloeBTca h b% eoBpeHeflBon 
BSHBt saKift ea=ia, to HepftABO bb^cto -u BCTpftqaeTea vb 
BBCBHft H -in. GpaBB. Morse, Engl. & Bnlgar. Yocab. 310, 
185 H np.]. 

2. 0{4^4>KK6i -Jca^ 08BaqaDflu8 cyoiecTBflTejrBBHB seBcsaro poxa. 

a) -X;a| apB B8BftcTflOB*B ocjatfieBiB BoaeqaoH rjiacBoS, nepe- 
xoABTi Bi -K^. npflBtpu cjioffb CI nepBB9Ba» -n: iikn-n 
(penHBB'By jtanyzi), aPObb. AMiKi^ cjiobbbck. Up-ek (sjeS), 
riar. iHLiih (Aen4 «jiBHf, npfljiBBai))»); kbot-ki (BacbAsa), sop. 
vBdK (3BjBouoApazaTejiBBaro npoBcxosAOBia); j^j-n. (Bopn- 
iwofi)^ rjiar. pf^ (aod); AP^'Ki (bbbbIB b TepflBcraff aycrap* 
BBBi), Bop. f^(k=dar (xpaTb); eoa-ki (tfoib), rxar. eoah ((So- 
jiBTb); Ap^-K"^ (coBi), BO p. Api^ (cbbtb), AP6BB. Api^u^H; 

BAOAH-Kl (OBBCBOOl), BOp. BAOA (BJiaCTBOBBTB), Ap6BH. BA4AATH; 

Kan-Ki (to^ba, saflia), rjiar. vin-h (bbiui)); n|^-Ka:(-Ki^ (cBas- 
sa, pascBaai), rxar. npH-Ki^-yBAM ( paacBasHBaD, roBopB)), Bop. 
xa:^; on2iui-K*L (zbogti), sop. n^^ cp. pjccs. o-nax-oMo^ o- 
fiox-ueamb; ;i^n-ia (bjco^obi zit(a), otb j^n-h (<cBjcai)» — as 
nepBoaaqaibfl. sBaqeaiH co(Sctb. «3axBaTHBai)x>, cp. pyccB. o-tran- 
na); n|^iu-tfi (pasjiyBa), Bop. n|^oc, Apeaa. npocHTH; i^a-vlhr- 
Kik (B^sa)y raar. ;a-K^-ui i^l^h AOKyqas); sp^-iCL (sojiAyflBB, 
wpoAi^Bsa), rxar. Bpovji^BaM (soposy, BOJAyD); s^a-iyA-iTL (Bpo6- 
Ba), on s^ATYittBdM (saBynopHBaio); bi ha-kl (vaepflo, boctov- 
Ba»— no npaBonnc. SjaBBOB. jdt-hu), Kopaea^ OBaaHBaeTca jad^ 
cp. H^mi^K. jdd-ro, AP«BB.-6oxr. iiApo (Miklos. 1143); aj^a- 
WL (jinxBKa), rx. Ajy\'hj%; i|U^b-ki (noAtxyS), rx. i|U\rB-aM 
(i\tjyD); Kih - Ki (dyaoT^b), aop. kht^ cp. rx. kiIvl (yBpamax)). 



C7»<D. Ha -% Bi BOJir. flSDBfi. § 174. 465 

UpHKftpH BTOpOCTeDOHHarO -Ki: E^A-ITL (ccHOBtCTai^y CotfCTB. 

csaspuTafl BjajieHiD), OTi c^iio (syajib, nospuBajio); r2liT-dH-irL 
(sarftABa)^ sop. rar— raA> ap^bh. vajiflfH (-wk otipasyeiib 8Aftc& 

C}4^$HSCl BTOpOCTeoeHHllS, TaKTi-KaKl OHO npHCTaBIOHO HO SI 

caioiy KopHD, a ki i^opit npHqacrifl Ha -aH-); niT6-n 
(TponHHKa)^ on mi (Aopora, nyTb, pasi)^ ApeBH. nxTh; a^k- 
n (AHpa), on aV^~> cp* copies. dyC-oK (rjiydoKiH); \j'U 
(A'A' )> orb yj-^ cp. ^emcK. t(;, tij-ec (AiiA^; ^ ctohtb bi koh- 
ift BMtcTO ii^ TaKi-saicb cjiOBo 03HaqaeTB 6.iH3ByD CToneHb pox- 
CTBa); BOAeHi)Y-irK (seiyAOR'b), oti soAeN (boahhoB); konoui- 
rL (BypHKa), cp. ceptfcB. Kdnaw; nnc^-Ki (ocnepo^, npoHS- 
BoiHTCfl HenocpeACTBOHHO on AtBcTBHT. opHqaeTifl npom. BpoH.), 
rji. riiiub (HHiny); rLA^A-Ki (cspRnisa), ep. riAY^P (cspHnaqi), 
n. nj^Mu (nrpaiD ra capHDB'b); EyEYA^y-Ki^ (sjiooi), on Bys'L; 
KyKOiikB-n (-HBrL «coBa») — aoHSB'bcTBaro npoicxosAeHia (co- 
CTOHn, ((HTb Mosen^ bi cBnaii ci kyko-b)ii|1 «syRyniBa»); 
noiom-irb (sHByu^afl bi paBHBBt, bi nojit), on noA6 (nojie). 
GjiOBa Ha 'Kh ci yifeHbniHTejibHUM'b BnaqeHiesi'b: pHK-Kii (pntfaa), 
on piifTL; A^H-Kik, on a^hl (aptfysi, ahha); KNibK-rL^ on 
KN^ink (sBHra); p^i^-Ki^^ on pH^ (py6amELa); roAHH-Kii (ro- 
AOKi), on roA^Nik (roAi); xp^iu-Ki (rpymaa), on Kp^uib (rpy- 
ma); sKkY-Ki^ on asifii'L (HHTb); aoimt-vl^ on Aon^drL (jo- 
naTB, aacTyni). 

BropocTeneHHEiS cy^^j^Rsci -n cjyzBn raase am otfpaaoBa- 
Hifl seacKHXi cyQecTBBTejibHnx'b hbi MysecKHxi: rpOAHH^Ip - Ki 
(caAOBHHiia), on rpoAHH^P (>BaHrjr. garden-er ccbaobbh &%)»); 

AOKVkj-Kh (OXOTHHIta), On AOBYUJl (OXOTHHSl), SOp. AOS; 
B0A6H-Y^p - ITL (leJbHHqHXa ), On B0A6HY^p (lieJIbHHR'b); C^ilSH- 

n (aocejiiiHsa), on G^A6Hei| (nocejiflHRHi, HyzHsi); roBeA^p- 
Why OTi roBGA^p (nacTyxi). 

b) ApeBHeMy -hCKii cooTBtrcTByen hob. ^uikh uh -i|kh; ecu 
n3p6Ai» BTHMi OBOH^aHiexi CToin rjacHaa, bi Tasoii ciyut 

80 



466 G700. "ha B% oJiiB. irsBKiixi. §§ 174-^176. 

ynoTpe($jjrBTCH -uikn^ tti npoTiiBHoiii se cjiyqat -i)k«; ran- 
lutsi OTO oKOBqaHie o^paayeri DpajfararejibHafl un cyqecTBH'- 
TejibBintiy TO OflO Bcerxa oaaBBBaeTCfl BTopocTeneiHun: K|iiiB* 

€-UIKH (KOpOBiB), on KpilBl (SOpOBa); 7j0a)&-1UKH (a=V'Oil^lUM 

cfeioBtqecsiSx)), on Yjomm (qeioBtsi), bjih veidoc; rofi-i|KH 
(ropRCTHl), OTi ropi (jitcL); c^a-ijish (AepefieHcsiB), orb ceao 
(cejio, xepoBBfl); 6ii2i-i|KH (h3'b '^eiior-CKH «($oj[othcth8i>), on 
«jiho (6010T0); Epd-qKH (tfpaTcsitI), otb Kpar; utiiSK-kh (^u^^- 
1UKH «cHysecBiB»), on muc (ci qjoHOxi: MiJK-kT). 

-ab, KB aa^ecTBi nepBocTeneBHaro cy<|>4^HKca, BcrptqaeTca pi^* 
so: aiuj-KO (ssA'lx-ko «jiryflii»)y on vmv. lAash (iry); nxit* 
Ko ( DJ[aqyii(iBy kto oiaqen), oti nii^iYk (uitqy). 

§ 175. OaoBiiaiie -ka bi noibcaon asHsi. 

a) IIpBjraraTeiBBBa ua ka=^ki (bi Mymecs. poAt): gt^h-O" 
U{vjL)6ovM), Kp.'6oAT. riiXE-oiTL; ci§i-At (TasejiHR)--TAft-kKi; 
lek'kiinBmeici Tasjie Zd^-^i, BJiiflHieiii pacaoAotfieHiii), ji,j^*-6oiT. 
Jibri-Ki; $?oc{*%i (cjaAail)— ciUA-ua; krot^ki (KoporaiS); 
mio^^Ai (uoJiaiB), AP«-((ojir. mm-iki; und-ki (BejiHKil) — 
seaHKih; krzep-U ( spiDsiB, zhboB) — aptn-ui; szpar-lci (cso- 
paB); brzyd'Jd (raAsiB, CKBepflHB)| cp. brzydzic (o6e9o6pMETh). 

b) OaoBqaBie -ak novan BcerAa oaasHBaeica BTopocTeneuBHw: 
duotyr-ak (abopbhhb^), otb dw6r; kra-ak (aycTapuisi), on 
kiere (poA* krza)^ qeflics. ker; ziemi-ak (Kapro^^eiB, qemca. 
nfemdkX ^'^'^ ziemia (doy^u); ^ pni-ak (neBB)^ on pien, AP«- 
jCojlv. nkHk; cudzo-rod-ak (aHocTpafleiii), on rod (rod-ak^ 
seuasi); ^2iin-aA; (cJHseflB), cp. ^ina (cjobb); bcb-ak (cypoBi| 
({atfasii npBBHAiHie), cp. bobo^ buba (nyrajo, qyqcjioX ^cmca. 
bub-dk; dziob-ak (ytaoBocB), on dziob (bjiixb^); niebar-ak 
((itABam), CTOBn bh. *niebozakf cp. nieboze ((tABoe abu), 
AP«-((oJir« NGSon (flecqacTflEiB)y qemca. mbohy; lajd-ak (aero* 
^afl, ooAJieqi), on lajda (to-so caMoe); ryb-ak^ on ryb-a; 
mj-ak (eojgiani bobhi), on ^wcj^ cp. AP**($oir. boh (bohei, 



Gy«ft. Ha *A; Bi noibCK. HSHSft. § 175* 467 

BoBcKo); jun-ah (yjiajieit^), xp.-tfojir. ioh^; &0(2;-a& (Bone^B, 
ocen»), Kop. hodf rjiar. hos6 (tfoAarB, kojiotb), Hacr. Bp, bode 
(hocU- npeACTaeiflen $opHj npaqaCTia). 

IIpHHipH nepBOGTeneHHaro -ak: pij-ak (nb^HHKa), sop. pi 
(fie); dept-ak (CTjnajiMaK MejbHHita), on dept-ac (cTjnaTR, 
TonraTb); o-bij-ak (KOJOTyniBa, TOBMapb), rwr. Uc; rob-ak 
(qepBiis'B), rob-iS («pa($OTaTb, Atd[aTb»; rob-ak dAtcB SHauTS 

TO, 9T0 <KTBapB, TB0p6Hie»). 

c) -ek BCTpt^aeTCA o6uBHOBeBHo bi cioBaxi BTopvqHHn: 
kawat-ek (BjcoqesB), on kawdt (caHcap. kavcAa); na-grob-ek 
(eaArpo6Haa BaAnict), ot-b grdb (lorajia); c^fhn-ek (qjieni), 
XP**(Sojir. YMWL (cJioBHHCK. cleH-ek); po-ran-ek (yxpo), otb 
rano (yipo, yrpon); star-ek (AtA^), on stary; pa-gor-ek 
(xoiiHi), orB g&ra (ropa); Ta^b-^k (Bjiy({oBi), cp. jip.-(Jojr. 
KiiXEiKO H KiiXEO, MT. glob'Us; goU'Wor-ek ( MonreHHHBi, 
njyTx=«KT0 orojiaerB iitmEH»), on war («4moKi); kidiaz-ek 
(pMo^aa), OTi WeZicA (qamaa), nei HtM. A?e?cA=jiaT. co^irr 
(cTasaHi, ooBa.li); uwodzi-toot-ek (((Bopi CE0Ta)»=3=<cyB0Aaniifl 
WME.'by>); przy-pad-ek (ciyqaB), ora pray-pad (TO-ae caM.), sop. 
|Kid; uhyt-ek^ubyt (yieHBrneHie, HeAOciaTOBi), Bop. by (ktj-th); 
if6j^-efc <H8Jiaine6, ocTaroai), ora £f&y« (cjiHniBoai, qepen-qypx); 
&ocAan-e& ( jiD^HieifB), oti kochany (npRqacT. npom. apei. 
Mar. koch-ac «ji)(Jhtb))); po-tom-ek (hotoiok'b), otb potom'=^ 
poUm (noTom, sa-rtHi); czwart-ek (qeiBepr-B), oti czwarty 
(letBepTHB); ehytr-ek (xatpeiii), orB cAy«ry (apoHspjiHBHB, 
JiyKaBHfi); zott-ek (xojtobi), otb iolty; piqt-ek (natflHita), otb 
pi(^y (obthS). 

-ek uiffb oBonqaHie nepaaqBoe: swiad-ek (cBHAtteJiB), Bop. 
mad=E%fiy Ap.-tfoJir. cu^-oki^ ciobhhce. svSd-ok; pa-rob- 
ek (patf-B, lOJioni), rj. rob46 (AtJatB, padoTaiB); do-rob-ek 
(iiosMBa, AoiJiiTOEi), Eop. Tob; na-laz-ek (eaxoiBa), sop. laa 
(».Ajur),ep. Ap.-tfojir. Naa«€-fH <iiairATH)--Naii^-x; lej-ekiho- 

80* 



463 oyo«. 'ha bi ojulb. asHsaxi. § 175. 

poHBa)^ Bop. lij VI. lac (utb), naei. ap. U^^^ xp.-iSojir. HHimf^ 
m-ek; pO'Tzut-ek (HaBAeHfiimi, DOAvfiTHoe abth), Eop. rout 
((pocHTb)y rJiar. rzuc-ic^ seines, riti^i (aepBOHav. BopeHb ecib 
tti, t o(Spa8yeT'b pacmHpADmyD RopeBb CTBxin); da-t-ek (lapi), 
iji. (2ac; o(2M-mor-eA (6BpoTa)| rj. odu-mrzec (ocxaBHTb ao- 
cit CHepTB); U'ttU-ek (npHtftsHme, aaiuHTa), Kop. Udj cp, 
prjsy-tid-iG (npHxarb bi C66t), AP*-((oir. npu^TOYK-HTH, qemcs. 
pfi'ttd-ny (BBpaA^HBulli ucbobhI). 

"ik (-yk) DpexcTaBjaen OBoe^anie BTopHqnoe, otfpasyDmee 
opeBxymecTBeBHO cyqecTBHTejibHBfl yienbrnHTeuBHa: noi-yk (ao^ 
SHB^), on noi; ogn-ik (oroHeax), on ogien; guz-tk (nyro- 
BBita, mHmBa)| on gujs; trjsew-ik (canori), on trsfew-^ cp. 
jiiTOBCB. cever\k-a8j Ap.*(!oir. 7p'BB-HH; stow-ik (cojioael), 
cp. ^^ott^o H statoa; iskrz-yk (BpoHeBb), on iskra (h.ih akra 
<KHCBpa»); j^czm-yk (jiqH6Bbfla rjiasy), on j^emien^ AP*-((oju*« 
MLVkini; p>'mn'%k (caiiflTBHB'i)^ vnv. ponmiec (novBBTb), ap** 
6ojir. noMLH-OTHy Kop. man; pro-m-yk^ yxeHbuiHT. on pro- 
men (ijvi). 

-uk osasHBaeroi vb HoiHorHxi cjobbxi, bi satecTBi cy4f- 
^iBca oepBHquaro, otipaayDmaro nomina agentis, hah cynie- 
CTBHTeAbHHfl, BHpasaion^ifl hsbIcthoo eocTOBBie: memad-uk (ae* 
Bftsa, HeoBHTBsl), Bop. wvod (siaTb); kani^k (saBopoBBHSi, 
^^noBi), on kania (sopmyBi); kopci-uk (saHapaxa, flepaxa), 
on kopci6 (BODTHTb); B<b paduk (ioaoaoI Batfaai) -ui npn* 
Baj^iesHn k% bopbd, TaBi-saai pa npeAcraBABen H3i*bueBHBB 
BpeAiion jpo, cp. pyccB. nyui-fca. 

-czyk ecn cjioxuaa h, uo SHaqeHiiD, yHeabniHTexbBaB 4>opHa 
cy<|^4^HBca -ec: kraw-cz-ykf yxeabniHT. on kramec (nopTBol), 
lAar. krawac^krqjac (KpoHTb); lip-ez-yk (iDibcaiS sysi), on 
lipiec (iujib); tan-cz-yk^ on taniec (TaHCAi). 

^mk BBpajsaen o($iiBHOBeHBO cy(|^4^HBci BTopocTeoeHBHl: Tducz- 
nik (uAUBBi), on Uucz; ogrod-nik (€aAOBfliB*b)| on ogrii 



oy»«. na -h bi nojios. ibhra. § 176« 469 

(c&xi»); pqUnik ( nyTemecTQeHHn'B, najionHHsi ), on ^pqt-^ cp. 
eioBHHCB. pot^ qemcB. poutf Ap.-((oir. nxTh; chatup-nik (jiepe- 
BeHCBil sHTOJiby (!o6HibX 0^*^ cAo^efpa (zHXHHa); s^o^mJI; (y- 
^faeTHHsi, TOBapHii(i)| on spol-^ spotu (spot'efn^eMtbCfnih); 
gdr-nik (ropHsS shtojib, pyxoBon<b), on g6ra; drew-nik (ipo- 
BHBHUXy TopryDqil i4cohi)| on drjsewo (xepeBo); jaj-nik 
(nH^BBBi), on jaje (<Biio); przedw-nik ( npoTVBHHB^), on 
praeciw (npoTiBi, HanpoTiBi); hojow-nik (bohvb, tfopem^X on 
hqjowy (6oeBol), rjar. bcjowac (cpazaTBCn, tfopoTBca); ehlod- 
nik (tiectisa, bobthbi), on chidd (xoJioji'b, npoxjraxa), npniar. 
chlad-ny (xojioahbI). npiitpH nepBHiiHaro -nik: chod-nik (rpo- 
BRBBft. nopTHKi), on ckodz-tc (lofjuny, kolib-nik (BanTHHBx), 
Rop. kolih (ARHian), cp. pyccs. KOAug-eAh^ qemcs. kol^-ati 
(sa^BTB^ IdbuS-nik (ryjiflEa, RyTBio), on Idbowac (shtb pacTO- 

IHTOlbHOi BJTHTb; BOpORB BAtCB, paBHO BBBl Bl npeABieCTByD- 

men cJOBt, cioshhB, Bce-se ROJibRfl bosboctv ero sa ($01*60 
DpoeryD 4>opBy); reei-nik (ibcrhbxX on rjsez-ac (pftsaTB); 
na-jem-n^ (noAeRoiBB^) csopfte npRMBsaen s'b cyqecTB. najem 
(Raeiii)y HosejiH si rjiar. nc^qc (RaBOTb). 

He cJiaBiircBaro npoHCXosAeHiH octb osoBqaflie -unek^ BCTp'b- 

ueioe no^TR BcerAa bx ciOBax^, saRHCTBOBaBRim isi Ri^Meii- 

Raro R3HRa, h cooTBftrcTBjDniee bIm. -t^n^: gat-unek (pojCB, 

copn), fltv. gait-ung; iad-unek (rpyai), R'kB. lad-ung; rack- 

unek (cqen), Bti. rechn-ung; werb-unek (BepSoBsa, eatfopi), 

Bti. werb'ung; szae-unek (yBascRie, Atna), BtH. sch&tz-^ng; 

pak-^nek (^arasi), aii. ver-pack-ung ; Utoer-unek (aoctbr- 

Ka), Bti. liefeT'ung; mdd-unek (yRixoRJieHiey xoBeceflie), b^k. 

mdd'ung; fas-unek (pasAtJioBie pauioBoe^, nopi^iB h np. eoi- 

ABTaHi), Bfti. faas-ung; basar^unek (BOSBarpaxAORie, fflTpa<|^« 

BHJi AOBBTH sa BpRifRfleRRyi) B0iy-JiR6o (SojibX Bfti. besser-ung 

(lenpaBJOiie); pcier-anek (noJiBpoBBa), bAm. pclirung; poster- 

imeft (BocTaBJieflie), BtiL postir-ung; rynasft-unek (jaTH)i Bti. 



470 C7««. -ka Bi OXAB. ^shkaxi, § 17&. 

rUst-un^; szaf-unek (jDpaBJieHie), Hiii. -schaffut^ (piOTpe6jiflr- 
xoe B<b CB4I3H ci opeAioraiH); ti;ar-fine2; (jciOBie), Bti. froAr- 
tfM^; B'E trunek (aaaiiTOKi), stM. trt«n£ OKOH^sHie opiiaAJe* 
XHti Ki KopHD, cp. hIk. tHnken (nHTb). Ht&oTopax cjOBa 
o($pa80BaHH no anajioriii Biimd - npHBexesBBXiy ho cooTBiTCTaefi- 
Haro HftieiiBaro ojiOBa ci TaKaii-ze SHa^ieHiexi He oaaasBaeTca: 
traf'tmek (=tref'Untk «cjjqalf, npHKiv^ieHie))), nia. treffen 
(sfU'treffen «cjiyqaTwy!»), xoTa Htxi cioea *treflf-uiig; fras^ 
unek (cBop^By rope), on Bin. fr ess-en (nozHpaib); ralnmek 
(rpa6esi), Hfta. raub (ho ire-ra«&-ttn^^; rys-unek (pacyBOKx); 
stos-^nek (OTHOHieHie). 

EcTB H Taaia €JOBa aa -unek* aoTopHa npoiiczoxAOBia cia- 
BflBoaaro, Taai-uro aisopHD cJiaBaBCKOxy npHCTaBjaerca okou- 
wuie BaHMCTBOBaHHoe: sprato-unek (HcnpaBjeaie, Atjo), rJiar. 
spraw-ia^ ( HcnpaajraTi*^ ynpaajiaTb); podar-unek (nojiapoax); 
ieru-nek (sopai, spanbe); star-unek (none^eHie^ aadora), o\% 
siaraC'Si^ (crapaTbca), ^emca. starosti (satfoTs); wtatr-^nek 
(atrpH), {^rhmcdr. -ynek: ord-ynek (tfoeaoB ^opaAOK^), atv. 
8chlacM'0rdn-ung; hkd-ynek (BAaaie, cipoeaie ), ntx. ge-bAud-e. 
d) OKOEvaHie -ka^ bi zapaaiept DepBaqaaro, odpasynniee 
cyn^eCTBHTejibHGia xeHcsaro pojia: o-myl-ka (onrntfaa), vjl. myl- 
ic (BBOJUiTb Bi 8a6jiysAeBie, ctfaaaTb Ch n^n), qemcs. myl-iU 
86 (ooiHtfaTbea); koleb-ka (jiojibKa, hochjkh), oti koleb-aS (sa- 
^an); prze-chadz-ka (nporyjisa), rjar. przechadzac si^ (ryuTb); 
UeS'ka (nopazeaie), rjar. U^s-m^ (yoacTb, CBajHTbca); »i^ 
s-nas-ka (cnop^» Hecorjiacie)^ sop. nos (aeonp. niesc); pod- 
toi-ka (nospHBajio, seHn^HHa), sop. wi (rjiar. wi6); kraos-ka 
(pysbe),rji. krjsea-aS (euctqb oroHb); o-kiad-ka (osjiaAi, oopaaa). 
npHMtpB BTopaqaaro -ka: jutrzm-ka (yTpeaHaa aatsjiA, x^^h- 
HHiia), wh jutro; po'ziem-ka (hje po-ziam-ka ^aeuaHHsai)), 
orb zicfnia (seajia); chcqcz-ka ( npuoTb, soaota), npoacxexm 
HenocpeACTBOflHo on ehcc^- (xoTUiiM), npaucT. naer. b^mu 



mchdeh (zortTB); Utdd-Tca ( BHCuqiS aaiidsi), on hlada (so- 
JOAa); hrom-ha (Kpoxa, Kpomsa), on krom-, cp. hAm. krum-e; 
na-usz-ka (cep^ra)^ on ueh-o; mrdw-ka (HypaaeB), on mrow-f 
cp. HopACB. maur^ f.f.-CojiT. upm-nn; las-ka (DajiRa, zepAB), 
orb las (lici); giup-ka (Aypa), on gtupi (rjrynitB); oh-rcjca- 
ha (otfpyq^, sojibuo), on reka (pysa); toteunor-ka (d^bjsa), 
on ^vevera^ cp. f,^.'6ojiv. BiU!6pHi|a^ m. viverra (a^piKaH* 
csiK xopesi). 

e) BiopocTeoeHHoe OBOHwaie -ko nrten aHaqenio yMOHBiiiH- 
TOUHOO UH jiacsaTeji&Hoe: pior-ko, on pidro (nepo); oea-^ka, 
(rjia80Ki)| on oko; usz-ko^ on ucho; aerdecz-ko^ on serce; 
siaw'ko (stoweczko)^ onstowo; slon-ko (cojHHmsoX bjib ^A)- 
neezkOf on zianee; zfot-ko^ on 2^?oto (aojiOTo^ htoc-ko (rpaa& 
Ha yjiiti)i htot-ko ( eetSoji&niaii Bajysa), on &?oto (rpasB, ((o- 
JIOTO); (2en-X;o, on dno (xbo, ocHoaa); nasion-ko (aapoAom'^t 
ctxA), cp. na^ienie (ciaii), vjL.$iaG; wesot-ko («Becejiaii e^aAB* 
6a » — cp. qemcK. vesel^ka <i(CBaAB6a)» Boo6me), ontveaoty; ogniw^ 
ko (orHHBHiia)y on ogniwo; przeciW'ko=przeciw (opoTHB'B, 
BanpoTHBi ); niemowvjf-ko ( niemowlc^-ko = « iiifaBS^)| vemcs. 
nemltd^vmt'ko f on nemluv-ne. 

f) npHJiaratejiBEHHy osaHqiBaDQiacfl aa btophyhuI cy^^usc^ 
•ski (nepoA'B botophmi BHoaAaen BOHeqHaa mHUBqaB KopeHBora 
cJ[0Ba): niebie-ski (fletfeceuif), on niebo (ueoi^. wcjl niebiosa); 
kiep'Ski (cKBepHsfl, djoxoI), on kiep (Tpyci, AypesB); std- 
ski (AopoBOBCKil), on^ie^o — sioio; Up-ski (oTJuqenl, ispaA- 
vA\ cp. Up-ak (zHTpeifBi reaiB); za-mor-skiy on morze 
(uof^ie); bo-ski (tfosecsiS), hsi *boz'Ski , on b6g; m^-ski (Myae« 
CBiV), on m^il; ludz^zki (qeiOBlfecaiB), bh. *ltAd'Ski^ on lud 
(aapoA'B), HBOS. liidzie=Aiodu^ 

K% 0TOMy oBOH^aHii) OTnocHTCB 'iskOf OEasHBan^eeca BcerAa 
iTopiqHHH'B H o6pa8yi)fltee cyqecTBBToiBHHB c% BHaveBieii yaeoB'* 
KBiejiBBHi'B^ ocotfoHBO SO npoBpKTettHsn; vuorAa bm^b onpo^ 



472 oyoo. 'Tea bi ojiab. jishkaii. §§ 175—176. 

a1jia6tcii Micro AAUHaro npexHOTa, hjih qacTb (oco66hho se pyv^ 
Ba) HBCTpyMeHTa, h np.: mrow-isko (vypaBeffHHsi)^ on mf(fK7- 
Jca; grochow'isko (ropoxoBoe nojie), on groch; pseenicss-ysko 
(noiOy saciJiBfloe nmoHBiieH)), ^rh pszenka\ jeczmien-isko , on 
j^czmien; pastw-isko (nacT($Bnie), on pastwa^ sop. po^; &icj?- 
ysko (SBjTOBHme), on hicz; ocz-ysko (o6e3o($paseHBHB rjiaai), 
on oko; ps-isko (csBepBaa cotfasa, co6aqeHBa), on pies; kp- 
isko (rjiynoA'B, ^jpesb); on kkp; ogn-isko (ourii, aasira- 
TOJiBHafl TO^sa); ows-isko (nojie, sacbAHBoe obcoii), on owies; 
kobiec'isko (CtAnns^ hjh BOKpacBBafl seBmuBa), on kohieta; 
tb-isko (<crojioBa» — «h4cto, pa* BaxoAHTca Jiofe»), on leb; hoc- 
isko (flejsjiDsaa JiOABa), on hat; siedl-isko (sEJiHm,e), 0T:b 
^sied-ioy «p. sieio , siolo (AepoBBB, cejio); ohacz-ysko (cBHAaflie), 
M. obaczyc (BH,i!bTB, saHlTHTb); nazw-isko (BasBaBie, nposBB- 
n^e), on nazwa (bib, BasBBBie); o-parz-ysko (((ojioto, tobb), 
on para (flapi); rozwal-isko (pasBajiiflH), cp. rozwcHiny^ Bop. 
wal; okop'isko (oBpeBcKoe BJiaA6H[u,e), on okop (OBoni); nascid' 
isA^ (BOACTBJiBa)y Bop. std (CBp. star); obmoto-isko (BieBOTa)^ 
on ob-mowa^ cp. ^emcB. pomluv-a; wyrw-isko (oTpuBOBb, 
OTJOMOBi), cp. wyrywek; spal-isko (BOA^pBo^e, neuejranie), Kop. 
pal. B!B cJdanrsko (BBaABBa, tfesABa)^ cp. ot-cMaii (npoBacTB), 
i fle BBABO, Bo OBO BpoBB.iaeTCB Bi CMBrqeBBon n; bi bob-ska 
(6&6HQe, cBBopflaB (iatia) i (^OBcftn bhbbjio. 
§ 176. OsoBqaBie -ka bi qemcKOH'B BsiiBt. 

a) npuaraTejibBHfl ea -Ki=-A;^- (kd-M): vTh-ky (cnpaB), 
cp. emi-a; divo-ky (jibbIH), sop. div; slad-ky, leh-ky (AbrLtfL), 
iiZ'ky (x^ui)! hez-ky (xopometuBiB, BpacBBiiS), onBOHSBtCT- 
aaro no SBaqeBiio Bopoa hez (jHeBbniBT. hez-ounky). 

b) OaoBqaBio -dk (ci aojifod PwiacBox), Boropaa bi btom 
cif ^aft cooTB^TCTByen pyccBOMy jAapBeMoxy a): dobr-dk (Aotf- 
pflBi), on dobry; sedl-dk (nocoJBBHB'B, iiysflBi), on sedh 
(fiOTopoe BA^cb BHpasaen «csuEqe»| cp. pyccB. cmo, npoHcmeA* 



oyoo. Ha -k b% qimoB. a8bk«. § 176. 473 

nee hsi *c6a-Jo); eem-dk ( sapTOJ^ejb), oti isreme; i»e-&oi-aA; 
(lec^acTQHff), OT'b ne-hohy {(>^jifiuV)\ lun-dk (flCTpetfi, Kypfli- 
HHfii); pan-dk (uyHOJiKa), on |?an (rocnoAHH>); hrdl-dk (uoa- 
leitx, xHsii roji7($b)y on hrdlo (rop^o); cJCORai^s. vetr-dk 
(BtTpeHaa MeiBHRita )y on vitr; cionaiiR. sv-ak (Teen), coiipa- 
mfiB. H3i *svcj'akf on sv^ (cboH); ctver-dk (xHTpe^•B, npo- 
HHpa, mjrb), on c^^ry («q6THpe»); CAoaai^B. muz-dk (cyn- 
pjri)| on mul; cjioBaiis. lep-dk (rjiyneitx, Aypenb), on Up 
(sieB, noTjii); darebdk {Eeroji,a9\ ondarebny; chud-dk (6iX' 
BflBi), on cAe(({^. npHBeAeBHHii ao chx'e nop^s cioBa sa -dk 
npHBaAJiexan B^ paspnAy BTopiiqHHxx; nepBtiqHHn -dk BBJiaer- 
CH saap. h% cjiiAyDotHn: jp^e^A; (DTHi^a, AP*-<(0Jir. nUHqa), 
eospam. hsi *pet'dk, Bop. jpa^ (lOTtTb), rpeq, Trh-ofjioct; div- 
dk (spHTeiiB), TJL. div-ati 86 (chotfin, nafl^^n); svih-dk (o^e- 
rojifc), VA. svih-ati (xjecTaTb, ToponHibCfl), cocroin bi cbji3h 
Cb hIsi. schwing-en; prt-dk (me pri-dk ««ie5oTapb, noAia- 
CTopbe cano3KHBKa», cp. prte ^yqeEBBicanosuHBa))), rjiar, prt- 
uji (qBBD), Bop. prt eooTBircTByen secBMa tovho pyccs. nopm 
Bi nopm-Hoii (cp. nop'dmh); duh-dk (eTapoe ((eaaydoe shbot- 
Hoe), rjiar. dub'ati=dob'ati (BieBaTi); eebr-dk (HHmiR), rjr. 
hbr-ati (apocnrb iHiocTaHB); pad-dk (sanaAHfl), rjr. pad-ati 
{cf. pad-dk <xrjiyQeiii», ^npat-dk); vreU-dk («c3aai{ii>, (SyaB. 
aBopesra^), u. vrek-ki (vrisk-ati «Bepe3xaTb»); cjioBaiiB. 
stah'dk (npHBiisb)^ rJi. s-tiahnut (cTJiByTb), qemcB. stdh-natUi; 
CJiOBBi^B. pul'dk (hbadbi), Bop. ptU (BftpoaTBO BByBonoApasa- 
toilehR), BonrepeB. puly-ka; cjiobbiib. zdrz-dk (fleAoysAOBi), 
rji« zdrzat (saAepsaTb, CAepzarb). 

c) OBOHqanie ^ek otfpasyen cyQeeTBHTejibHBfl nepBiqaHfl h 
BTopHqHHfl; HoasAy nepBHMH vosho npHBecTH: po-Ues-ek (no- 
rptmHOCTby BpocTynoB'b ), rjr. Mes-nouti (cnoTBHyTbCJi, rpimHTb, 
ynaCTb); z-hm-ek (otphbobi, otjioiobi), rjr. lom-Uif cp. ap*- 
6oiT. h;-aom*ui; ciOBaitB. nd-Uap-ek (poA^ bphbibh), Bop. 



474 oy««. -ha bi ojab. ^bhkjlii. § 176« 

A;{aj^ (npHxjiaHHyTb); amut-ek (neqajis, rop«), sop. mn^ (jip.* 
60 jr. MZT-)y ep. pyecK. Mym-nuH^ CMym-u; ^-hrn-ek (cobo* 
BjDHOCTbi BOiT cjiMB qero-flB(SfAB)» rjiar. hrnovii (cspecTir, 
emAvn); peci-vdl-ek (AOMoetx'^X riar. vdleti (buitb); t;^ 
ci<-e% (yopesi), sop. cUf vji. vy-ctt^ati (jopesaTB); H-hrop^ 
eh (THxil, BpoTsiR ve^oBtai), rj. krop-iti (BponHTb)-^9TO 
CJOBO MOXBo B^poqel^ opoBaaoAHTS npHio on Uhrop (sBj^eBB); 
vy4up'ek (nocnljuR optx'By eaioe lyqmee, m6oE\ sop. lup^ 
vji. vy^lwp-nowti (meJiyniHTB^ lyniBTb); sal^ek (myrb)^ sop. 
8C& (hb CfutecTRyeTi bi r^aroJiBHoB ij^opvt), cp. caHCsp* ^qq 
(npuraTb), OTRyxa qa^ (daaiii); nd-kuhek (MyHxmTyKi), on 
na-kourAti (aaicypHTB, pacsypRTb), sop. kur; paprs^k (jy^i), 
Kop. prs (He o($pa3f en rjiarojia bi ^lemcB. BBH&ty bo oBasaBa- 
eTct h% sait^aTeabHOHX cxoACTBt bx caacsp. s^parg «AOTporH- 
BaTbCB»); sta-t-ekf maj-et-ek (hijoi6ctbo), sop. ^a (eTOfln), 
H ma (HHiTb); oh-in-ek (nepeBJiBBa), aai ^olhvifh'^ ri. ob-vin-' 
outi. npHMtpH BTopocToueHHaro -ek: u-pii^ek (nojiBoiyHie), 
on 4pllny (dojehIi coBepmeHHul); spol-ek (o((qeeTBo), on spdh$ 
(bb4ct4); po-Jdav-ek (yj^api no rojiOBi), on Mava; nd-prst- 
ek (HanepcTOKx), on prst (najiei](i); po-dom-ek (abophhei), 
en dtm (xon); nd-zad-tk (qeioAaH'b, paaeiii), on zddm 
(cnHHa); ciobbiib. pust-ek (oDyettJiHS aomi), on pusty; pachcl- 
ek (cjiyray xojioni), on pacJiole (MajibWK'b); dmcdl-ek (luo- 
xax lejbHHi^a), ri. drncati (rpeiftTb, i^Bukii); up^pdl-ek 
(seiaflHsBi ctbaj^bbuR qeiOB^bsi), ^^ upejpatiae (soiiain- 
eHy qe^^flBTben). GyqecTBHTejibHHfl o% BRaqeHieiii yMOHboiHTejib* 
HHMi: pejs-ek (GodaqKa)^ on pea (j BCTaBsa); stram'tk (ao^ 
poBiio), on Strom; Im-ek (ooseK'b, syMBpi), on hm; koHn-- 
ek (sopemoK'b), OTb koren; kamin-ek (BaHomeKx), on kdmm; 
hrdd-eky on hrad (at^iofsi); pdn^ek, on pdn (roeooAHHi). 
HftBOTopBfl eioBB aa -e& ToiHaro npoHciosAdBi': mundi-bdl-ek 



G700. BA "i Bl ^SmOS. flSBEft. § 176. 476 

sky, 308), BOTapoe, 6an losen, b^ CB«dH ei mum (a;- 
peH&); 6.iOBai(E. vavr-ek (sapjaiii). 

B'b coeAHBdiiH ci -an -eA; oiipasyen o($HKHOBeHHo cymecTBH* 
TeiiHHa c% ^unummejLhBUMik SHaqeiieHi: bratr-dneJc ((]paTe^^, 
ABODpoABHl (Span)^ on bratr; hrajdnek (seuiiKx), otb Araj 
(sesUi CTpafla); AmA-efneft (niomia); dalam-dnek (poAi ((tJiaro 
ut((a); &oc&-(^£ (xjit6eai), cf. hoeh-nik; h% verp-dnek 
(aepCTaftiy eRaneBsa aj^a pa6o9H£b) "dnek ae apeACxaBuen sa* 
CToannaro OKOB^aeiH, Taai-sasi ejOBO npoBCXOAHrB on Bin. 
i(;erA?-&afiJ!; (sa bhujckohi nepBol ropTaBBol h BcraBsol coeAfl-* 
HHTejiBBaro e), B^ fteflcKom poAi osoBvaaie RSHtHfleTCB bi 
-ofiia (dnka): cukr-anka (eazapBina ), oti cukr; drob^anka 
(poAi Apo(SieHflaro licra); dvor-anka (npiABopBafl Aaia), on 
dvur; stud'dnka (sojiOAeBb), on studeny (xojoabhH), cp. ap«- 

60JLV. CTOYABHkl|k. 

d) OsoBuuie -ik OTBOCBTCir si cjiOBaHi^ speBiiyniecTBeBHO bto- 
pocT6DeflBHMV krdl'ik (spoJiBKi), on krdl; knof-Uk (nyroBH- 
BU(a), on *knof (atv. knopf); vod-ik (BOAopoAi), on voda; 
svk'Uk (laTepiii catoa, ^otofobi), on sveUo; kamz-dk (eepna, 
ABBaa sosa), cp. flti. gemse; kmed-l-ik (poAi nyxABBra), mvh 
Hti. knet'^en (bIcbtb); kanHk (AomaAaa); ve-ttik^ hos-ik (nuh" 
«BBi, napeiB), on hoeh ( TO-se caioe ); cmd-ik (miojB)| on 
and; CJioBai^B. susl-ik (hActo sa ne^KoB); za-mrU-ik (sapanj- 
BBBiy dhzbs'b), Kop. mrk; slav-ik (cojioaefl); evrl-ik (qBpB- 
xuMi Bopotfel); A;a(2-iA; (HoxzeBenBBKi), rji.fta(2-t<i (saAan); 
dusAk (a3on), on dusUi (AaBBn, AJBian). 

e) CiosBoe -nik^ B*b saqecTBt BTopocTeaeBBaro ey^^BBea, 
otfpasyen nomiiia ag;e]iti8y BBpasaDBiia no tfojibmal «cth pe* 
leejeBBBBOBiy jim, iitomBxi BSB^raoe BaHarie, i np.: dot-' 
n{k (aojioTHX'b a^jii aacrepi), on zlato; zahrad-nlk (cbaob- 
UBi), on zahrada (caA^); hudd> ^nik (MysBsaBn), on 
hudlba; dlU^k (pa(k>TBiaii), on dOo (dilo); femed-nik (p(H 



476 oy»«. 'ha b^b o^ib* jtsbsaxi. § 176. 

llecJI6H&BK^), OT'b remedo (peiecjo)i Ap.-tfoJir. peMhCTBo; hedvdb- 
nik (ToprjDniiK mejisoBHiB BarepifliB), on hedvdU (mejiBx); 
domav-nik (ABopaBsi), on dum^ cp. jL^.-ieir. AOiiOBiJiHn 
(pater fimilias); ured-nik (wbobbbbi), oti 4rad (tobi, npB- 
cyTCTBie); Udster-nik ( BOCjyoiBBsi ^ HOBaxx), on Iddlter {w^ 
BacTHpi); nd-den-nik (tfaTpasi, nofeBoiflBi), orb den (At^Hh); 
souken-nik (cyKOB^BBx), on sukno; nd-mor-nik (HopiiBrb), on 
more; nd-cd-nik (BaqajibHAsi), on cdOy xp*-<!ojrr. HOViUik-NHn; 
ptmt-nik (oBjrrpBH'by naioHflBKi)^ on pout (nxTk); osad-nik 
(nocejiefleifi), on osada (aoee^eHie, bojobib); per^nik (opx- 
BBKi), B3i *pepr'nik^ on ^epr (nepei(x); pro-stred-nik (bo- 
cpeABflKi)| on stredf cp. pro-stred^ek (cpejicTBo); cizdos-nik 
(npejii>6oA'bB)| on loh; klevet-nik, on Ueveta; hram-nik (]](h- 
uoni), on hrom; trieb-nik (ToproBeiii)i ox% trz-ha^ trh (TpviL); 
cxoBaiiB. nddd-nik (oipacJB, stiBB), on ndady. 

yieBBDiflTejbBoe -cik cocToan bsi obobwhU -ec + -ik: sev- 
cikj on svec (canozBEBi), jrp«-((ojir. ujkBLi|L; v^-her-clk (c((op- 
niBBi), TX. vybirati (c6BpaTb); zdpis-clk (aaBBcwsi), on 
gdpiscej rji. zapis-ovati; cJioBai^B. varov-hik (oflOKyBi, bocbh- 
TaTOJib), rji. varovai. -vik: houze-vik (csyBeai, espjira), ot% 
houz (BopeBKa); kuku-vik (pojii pacTeaifl), cp. koukd (copBai 
TpaBa). 'Ok BCTpiqaeTCB ptAso: tlum-ok (AopozBiiB Mtmosi); 
zrdL'Ok (asyjia). 

f) -%a BBKi oBOflqaBie nepsBqeoe: lap-ka (aopx), rj. lap- 
aii (xBaTan, iobbti); kap-ka (saBJiB), rji. kap-ati; na-ddv-ka 
(apo8BBB(e, ((paBBoe cjiobo), fj. na-ddv-ati ((SpaBBTB, pyrarBCJi); 
prid'ka (npBABJiBfl^Biia, spaxa), tji. phs-ti^ if.'6ojiv. nfiAC-TH 
(npAA^); bdj'ka (csassa), tjl hdj-eti; sop-ka (orBeAHmaQaji 
ropa, ByjisaBi), ri. sopt-Ui (soptUi plamenem «BCBycBaTB, <{po- 
caTB oroBB»); vdl-ka (boIbb), rjrar. vdl-eti (aajiflTB); kun-ka 
(qeioB^Ki leAiBTOJiBBHS) BBBTO H81 xaT. cunctafi (hoaxbtb); 
Idt-ka (aaT6^)^ rx. Idt-ati (wbhtb); o-pes-ka (apalHU bjotBi 



GYftft. Ha -ft Bi qsmoK. flSHSft. § 176. 477 

Btjiyiia) npovexo;iHn oti RopHir pes, soTopHS oRasHBaoTCn h vb 
lar. pe-niSj CToameii bm. ^pes-nis^ cp. h rpei, ^i-o^ si cjio- 
BaiiR.' stonav'ka ((SoJitaHeHHocrb), onstonai (xBoparb), i; bctsb- 
jeno MexAy oBouqaB]eHi» h sopseii (mozho Bnpo^em oTBOcHtb 
CDiia H npHjrar. stanaw^ e ufOMWuun on aero ynoH. cyn^ecTB.). 

TopaBAo qau^e ynorpedjiiieTca -ha saai ej^il^HSCb BTopocTe- 
leHHufi: tuz'ka (BapaHjiaaii) , oti tuha (rpa^j^an); vesd-ka 
(cBajLB($a), orb veaely (eecejiuH); kost-ka (kocth HrpajibHHa)| 
on» kos^; hol-ka (n^wns,), oti holy («rojiuB» — hi cMiicji'b 
«6eB(SopoAHBx>, Taai-sasi hcl-ka o6pa30BaHO do aaajiorii cjoaa 
hol-ekj holec'ck, hol-ek <xiiajibqHai» = ctfestfopoAHS, rojiuI»); 
kord'ka (boakb), hsi hord-ka, rJi. hofeti (lOptTb), lajiopyccB. 
topiA-xa; iblun-ka (boaahoM oyaapb), on iUun-a; sus-ka (ly- 
Aomaaaa xeHmiHa), orb such^; droh-ka (spomsa), oti drdb; 
kalupin-ka (sjiaqay tfjiyAHHiia) , on kdup = kdapa (raioai); 
svio-ka (cBiqsa)y orb svice (aop. svU=kvU); ruc-ka, on ruka; 
hodin-ka (qacHKi), on hodina; kniz-ka^ orb kniha; strdn-ka^ 
orb strana; div-ka (AtBBiia), OT*b deva (h31 nociftn^nHU Tpexi 
DpHMtpoBi BHA>io, ^To BcitACTBio DpHCTaBRH yaeBbiDBTeibHaro 
ey^^EKca ho p^ako DpoAOJxaeTca sopeHHaa rjiacHafl). Bi BByao- 
HOAFasaTBJibHHii'b cjiOBaii sa -ka npHHBAJiexaT'b aa np.: halmaJt- 
tl-fta (ayranHiia); haca-per-ka (otiopBaneiCb); hatrapac-ka (601 • 
TOBBa, dojiTyai) h np. 

-uska, ynoTpeGjiaeMoe bi HftsoTopEm cjobbxT), coctobti hb'b 
OKOHqaHiS -ucha h -ka (roTOte -«^a, TaKi-sasi ch caarqaeTca 
Vh sj: jedn-uska (eABBHua), on jeden; sestr-uska {msm 
cecTpaqa), oti sestra; cern-ttska (poA'B ^epsaro cibbhb), orb 
cerny; houb-uska (poA^ rpH6a), oti houba; krab-uska (uie- 
TOHaa RopsHBa, lacsa), on krabice; dcer-uska (aovkb), oti 
deer a (a^luith); kc^-aska (csopocirbjKa, naprapBTsa). 

g) OsoH^aHie -ftO| yooTpefijuieMoe AMcyn^ecTBHTOJbBuxi cpoA- 
Baro poABf BcerAa n Ea^ecTBt BTopaqaaro, ho p^abo apoAOi- 



473 oy9«. -ka b% cjriB. asBRixi. § 176. 

saen sopeHflyi) rjiacHyi): hovdd-Jco (esoTHHsa), on %ot;a({o 
(roBAAo); t{^-X;o ^ot«^A;o <KyniKO»), ot^ ucho; oh6n-ko (ottomKo), 
orb oA;no; pir-ho (ifepsoiRo)i oti j^ero; dZf«i;-&o (ciobouo), 
OTi slovo; hris-ho (tfpnnrKO), on bhcho; oc-ko (rjasosi), on 
oA;o; ^itn-ic-^o (cojiHumso), on sluncof dec -ho (pe6eH0Ki), 
on dite; cjiOBai^s. vaj-ko (iiBuo), Kop. vajj cp. ntir. ei (cy^^- 
4>flKcoiii 9Tor^ ciOBa o^aKHOBeHHO oKassBaoTCfl -ce: qemcK. v^- 
ce, pyccs. /ttt-t^o, spw^oar. QH-ije); tintir-ho ( HesBauTOjrbBafl 
HrpyoiKa), on tiifUero; zm-ko (sepHHmKo)^ on jerrno; uoaaiiK. 
strec'ko (copBaneit^) , cp. qemes. stfec-ek (oboai*, rndprneiB, 
tiHCTpiisi); cJiOBaaK. plav'ko (6yjiaHu8 bojii, tfiiKi), on jpiavy. 

OcotfeHHO qacTo BCTptoaeTCii -ko bi coeAHHOBiE c% npex* 
mecTBynniBHi - of, cooTB'bTCTBynqHH'b AP*-<iojir. -at; o<(pa30BaH- 
HHA TaRHH'B nyTeiii cyoiecTBHTejiBHiiJi Bct oonpiixeBH e% saa- 
^OBieHi ylleHble0t6JBHHll^: td-dtko (uAemneKb), on tde^ ip.- 
(oir. T6iiA (spov. T6Aia|L); devc-dtko (^iaoqEaX on devce (j(t* 
Bynsa); rob-dtko (pe6eH0si)« on ro&e (poA« rohete); us-d(ko 
(cBepjo, Bopuo), on who; vrt-dtko (6ypaBusi), on vft-ati 
((SypaBHTb), npoABOjaraen npeAmocTBOBaBmee *vrte; stup-dtko 
(noAHOXKa, CBaxeflKa), rjr. stoupiti (cTynen); udel-dtko (la- 
jieiibKiR petfeflOKi), n. udUati (cA^JiaTb), bjir fidUUi (aaAi* 
MTb); $ti$k-dtko (iipyxHflBa, laQiuro), rjiar. stisknautL 

h) IIpEJiaraTejJEbHafl sa -sA;;/ (=CKitt): aem-sky^ on jereme; 
lid'Sky, on lid (jIDI-i, BapoAi)); dk-skyy on (2^^; jera&rad- 
niC'ky (caiOBHHqiH), on zahradnik (s b% dA;y sanaAaen, Tan-* 
Basi opeAmocTByen c; -icky npoEBomjio TasflEi otfpaaon irb 
-HK-bCK*L); umiieC'ky (xyAosoCTBeiiHH9)i ssi "umelec^sky^ on 
umelec (xyAOSEHKi); sd-sky (AepeBeHCKiH^ HysmiKiB), ez% *sedlf 
cp. sedldk (ooceMABHi); hab-sky^ on baba; oslav-sky (ocii- 
hbH), on ose2; hratr-sky ((^parcKiS)^ on &rai(r; otcov-sky 
(oTi^oBcsifl), on otec. OKOH^anie -dnsk^: vdik-dnsky (BOCbiia 
BejiHKiB, orpoiflHfl), on vdiky; ukrut-dnsky (yz«cHHl| orpoi- 



ey««. Hi -Ic Bi Jiys. jisbrh. § 177. 479 

fin?) HftnoMipHHB), oti uhrut$^ (xecToriB); Aroje?i<-(foisifej/ (orpoM- 
hbI, BeBMOB'bpaoB BeJiflqHHH), on Tirozny (ysacaaS). 

npHMipH BTopOTflaro OKOHiaHin isko: bab-isko (cTapymSoBa), 
on baba; Uaup-isko (Aypa^esi), on Uoupy; clovec-isJco (ao- 
6p«i), OTTb cZeweft (qejoBtRi); mui-isko (cBBepHHB lya^HHa), 
OTi muz; stanov'isico (nojoajeniey TOiKa spinia), otx «ton; 
Jo^-isfc> (BjMHpi, BAOJix), on buh; vypdlen-isJco (norop4jioe 
MtcTO, noaapHme), onvypdleny (noroptJiHB); urvisJco (oipH- 
BOK^, otjiobkb), rj* urvati; ded-isko (cTapH^HniEo) , otb ded; 
drev-isJco (cBBepHoe jepeBo), oti drevo; dn-isko (cRBepHHl 
Aeib), OTT> den; vo-jsho^ oi'h vojj Kop. vi ; choost-iako (xboctb- 
mfij MBTJia), OTi chvost; kcl-isko (aojiecHme), on kolo^ cij- 
Ki^n CTporo OTJHqaTB on kolisko (sojieciio); lump-isko (bi 
npocToptqiH «HeroAaB9)y oti Zt^mjp (hsii Htv« as.); chalup-iskQ 
(^arepa, jraqyssa), on c^ef;>a (xHSHHa). 

§ 177. OKOHqasie -ka bi jiysHiiKOHi asBSt. 

a) UpHjiaraTejBBHa ea -A;i; cez-ki (TaseiiQii), tjeuklitl; ^eA- 
ii (xarsiB)— Mi9iK-*Ln; (^en-A;i (tobkIB) --TbHUCV, ni^sr-Ai; loh- 
^— Akr-*LK^; A?z»&-oA;t (rAiRB-OK'L); A;r(^^X;i— Kp/nriiirL; htad-U; 
HBSHe-Ays. diym'oU=dioboki (rjiytfosifl). 

b) PyccKOMy -anz h SAtCb cooTBtTCTByeii •aft (xoth KopoT- 
Koe H BeyAapaeHoe), ho BBtCTO -om (qemcK. -eft) oaaaBBaeTca 
oAuo Tojbso -fty Tas^-Kaici nacHaa oepoAi btoB ropTaaRoB cBpa* 
AUBasTca; npHHtpii cymecTBHTej[BHHxi . aa nepBH<iHoe -aft: hud- 
ak (BtqyBx), rjr. hiid-ac (raAan, B'^ii^aTb), ^emca. hdd-ati; 
chcy-j'dk (noxoTAHBsB qeioBtab) « n. chcyc (xoitibi seiaib); 
Jdepot-ak (Aypnaa MOJibHHiia), ta. Tdepot-ac (cTyqaTb^ rpentn); 
ehvat'dk (roponamiBca, roneii^), on ehvat-ac (ToponeTbca); 
lud-ak (jEBiiextp'b, o^nanniBST), rji. lud-ac (oCiaHUBaTbX cp. 
ceptfcs. jiyd-aK (Aypasi); n(^^aft(fiOAOAa8^), rx.n(fri(^(Hspan); 
sudz-ak (&pjiTHBi), rji. sudz-ic (pascyxAaib); tes-ak (ca($jiii, 
Mon), TZ. *te8-a6 (laxarb); tmh-ak (cTpyri)i iju truh-ac (cTpo- 



480 C74b«. 'ha B'» CJIAB. asbraxi. % 177. 

ruTBy CTpyxHTb); HHSHe-Jijs. vor-ak (seuejitieiii), n. t;ora^ 
(opaTb, oaxaTb); BBKHe-Jiya. «a-9wer-aJfc (<!cmyT^»— iyw, 1091)^ 
TJi. naineras (opBTBopATBCJi, myrHn); drem-ak ( veiOBftsi cob- 
jhbhB, cobb), rj. drem-ac; dlej-ak (BaieAJKBDii^iB, opoBOJiaBH"- 
BaD^iH), rji. dlej-ic; vt^-ak (bojb'b), tji. tm (bhtb), hact* 
Bp. vuju. 

* 

BTopaqeoe -ak OBasHBaeTCA aanp. h^ c^i^fom^rh eiosaxx: 
com ak (sopoBaii lomaAB), otb corny; kriz-ak (RpQxasiy na- 
ysi RpecT^aTfiH), on kriz (specTi); lUov-ak (hsfojiobokiX ^^ 
JUova (rojioBa); dziv-ak (qy^OTBopei^'By TBop^o^iS ^yjieca), on 
dziv (qyAo); hatoz-ak (AOpoBO pacaiiAHCToe, co VRorEiH Btr- 
bahb), on haloza (bjih ^^^era aOTnpHCKi, BtTBB»); trut-ok 
(HBXDa'b)i on frtito (HHAeSsa); kosm-ak ((topaHri-*yTaBi=jiftc* 
HoB ^eJiOBtoi]^)^ onX:osm (Bocia); pos-ak (==p8yk ^co69^eaj^\ 
onpos; BBSB.-iys, j)^s-aA; (cBOKJia KpacBafl); BiixB.-iys. j^eei^- 
dk (xQSffiBoi ^epBB), on jpedz (asAenh)^ xp«-<$ojir. nA^ky qemca* 

c) npocToe -A;, pasBBBmeeca h31 -e^, cooTB'bTCTByen xp«* 
Coir. 'ixKh, pycCB. -ok?; npBitpu nepBH^aaro -A;; sved-k (cbul* 
A'bTejiB), Kop. ved (saaTb); prives-k (opBt^aBoaii cy4)$BBci)9 n. 
i?6S6(^, vesyc (Btmau); pri-ver'-k (cyeatpie), rji, veric (verec 
((BtpBTBft); vupo-'ded-k (aspiqeHie, cyzAOHie), ri. vupovedz-ec; 
ze-siv-k (TeipaAB). riar. sic (bthtb); lam-k (oTioKoai), riar. 
lam-ac; men-k (odatBi)), n. menec (menic); na-mer-k (aa- 
c.itACTBu), rji. namrec (so anojijqBTB bi* BacjiftAcrao bcji^a* 
etaie cMepxa Boro*BH6yAB»); ne-^er-k (nycTofl OHien), aop. her, 
n. 6rac (aacT. Bp. '6eru); po-cin-k (nocTynoai, cnocotfB a*8- 
CTBifl), VA. cin-ic (A'fcJaTB, A'bBcTBOBaTB); pohrab-k (octbtoki), 
M. hrab-ac; po'loz'k (otfjierqeBie) , w, po-loz-ic (ofijerqaTB); 
pre-dzel'k (nepepatfoiaa), rjr. dzctac {x^AKTh)) ph-nohk (bsboci, 
cuaAKa), VJL. pn-noseCf npoCT. pH-^c; vote-dav-k (ooAftTB, 
Hajiori)), 11. da6 (caose. voteda6=0TtifLTh); vu-iam-k (oTpn- 



oy^ftBsoi Hi -A; bi jrys. abhbib, § 177. 481 

Bosi), M. tam-ac; vu-pad-k (jcnixi, peayjibTaTi), rjr. f;w- 
pad'Oc; za-dzeV'Tc (npeMTCTBie), rjar. za-dzev-ac (safttBaTB, 
upenaTCTBOBaTb); HHacue-jyas. ktad-k (noAarb, Hajton), sop. 
A^^otJ, BepxHe-jivK. ktasCf eacT. Bp. Tctad-u. 

npflntpa BTopocTenoHHaro -A;; tez-don-h (tfesAHa, nponacib), 
orb c?wo; bruc'k (atyieici), 0T^ 6r«A (ocxyKi» — npoHcxoaAe- 
BiB 8ByKonoApasaT6Ji»HarO| co6ctb. «2yssaii^i9»)y ^emcK. brouk; 
jpat-k (nflTQiiiia), on paty (naTHfl); syn-k (cuhoki)^ oti syn; 
svat'k (npasAHHRi) , oti> svaty (cbatoH); pred-k (uepeflHM 
TOCTb), OTi pred (predy «nepejiT>»); Jfcw5-i (KycoKi), on kus; 
cin-k (a*-io), oil cw, ri. cin-ic; dot-k (eeCojibfflaa AOJHHa) 
on dot; hrac-k (arpoBi), qemcK. hrdc; ker-k (Bycii), OT'b 
2;er, qeinCK. i;er; knez-k (noHtuiBKi) , oti A;996;er (xosflHH'B, no- 
s'bniHK'b^ CBHmeHHHS'b); tuz-k (pedojibinafl aajiysia bi Jitey, Jiy- 
xa), OTi tuh ((ioiOTo); ftt;e<-A; (itBtioKi), on ii;t;6i (soTopoe, 
paBHO RasTi Bi pyccfi. flSBK'b, odHsnoBOHao saHtHfleTCfl Btipase- 
BioM'b yHeHbDiflTejbHUfli); liid-k (aapiHSi), OT:b Ivd (Hapo^x); 
pa-hor-k (xojvi), on ^ra, yMeabniHT, horka; pen-k (neub), 
on HeynoTpedflT. pen, Kp.-6ojir. ribNk; jhc-A; (nhsimnh)^ rj. 
|)i-c; pO'lepS'k (McnpaBJieuie, BHiOAa), rj. poleps-ic (acnpa- 
BHTb), on lepsi (jy^miH); po-sled-k (osoiie^HocTb , ROHei^bX 
cp. pO'Sled-ni (nocji^AHiB), OTb sled (uasHO-Jiyx. sled-k «3aA- 
HflA qacTb»); 5me^-A (ocxpoTa, anei^Aon), on smech; sred-k 
(cpeAHHa, cpeACTBo), sredz (nocpoAH); syr-k (cftpa), cp. ^emcs. 
sir-a; HBxne-JiyK. kot-k (cnaita, Bflsajibflafl arjia), on kot; 
zvuc'k (npHBH^Ba), on BeynoTpe6. *2Yiik, cp. zvuk-nyc (apa- 
BHBByTb); €Hxue-Jiyx. pod-tav-k (noAHOsaa), Bepxu.-Jiys. tava 
(cKaMeBEa); unsue-Jiys. Idd-k (&funM%y KBacifu), BepxH.-jyx, 
Idd (jioa'b)* 

e (pyccB. o) BHnaAaen h vh ciossnx'b -tek^ -anek (pyccs. 
-moKhf -anoKh), TaBi>-qTo BM'bcTO bthxi ^opai OEasuBaOTca -tk^ 
-ank: -tk^ upeACTaBjauii^iH cy^^flBCb nepBaqaaS: doby-tk («Ba« 

81 



482 Gy««HSci "hi bi ojtab. ashbaxi. § 177. 

row, noKHBa» — HexHe-.iya. «(JoraTCTBO»), n. do-hyc (npiotfpt- 
eiB); i?&2/-;A; (ocTaroKi, H30($Hjiie), va. ebyc; do-sta-tk (nojiy^e- 
Bie), rjr. dostac; napi-tk (HanHTOw), rj. pi-c; ne-vuzi-tk (y- 
nieptfi), rjr. vuUc (vuUvavac anoib30BaTbCfl»); vu-U-tk (ot- 
npHCKi), TJL. hi6; po-ma-tk (naiiiiTB, BocnouBaaHie), tj. pomnic; 
me-tk (BMyniecTBo), rjiar. me6 (BMtTi); sku-tk (ajitJio* — actio), 
^emcB. sku^tekf npoHcxoABTi no BceB BiponTHOCTH on ^sku-c 
(cBOBaTb), cp. $kuc-ic (coBepniHTB k^ho aexopomee, opoBBHBTbCB); 
stO'tk (cTOJiiTie) npoHcxoABT'B on sto (-tk SAicb OKaauBaoTCii 

BTOpHqflBH^). 

OKOH^iaBie -ank ynoTpetfji^eTCfl npeBMjmecTBeBflo b^ ebsbo- 
lysBi^BOM'b Hapt^iB : navd-ank (3aAaT0Bi), rJi. das (mrh); po- 
jed-ank (dojiahbk'b) , Kop. jed (icxb) ; pre-pij-ank (AOBbrB aa 
BOAsy), n. pis; pod-saz-ank (npapnoe) h np. 

d) IIpocToe 'iky EaB-b OEoaqaflie BTopocTenoBBoe , oi^pasyeTi 
cyntecTBBTeJibflUH yHeHbniRT6.ibBQH : noz-ik (HosHS'b), on n6z; 
krcd'ik (aopoieKi) — kral; A;on-iA (ttoneKi) — fe^w; rw»-t^ (BKBa- 
Topi), on runy (paBHHH); Uwik — Utic; horb-ik — Jiorb (roptfi); 
prozn-ik (npasAflomaTanmiHcfl), on prozny; kol4k — kot (so-n, 
CTOJ161); po-Tun-ik (conepBMKi), on poruny (cxoabhB, 00^06- 
bhS); pism-ik (sBasi BBCEiieBflEiH, (SysBa), on pismo^ Rop. 
pis; fhec-ik (BBBaa.ii)— mec; vuM-ik (KycoBi yna, yrjepoAi), 
on vuhd (;RrAb); len-ik (.itBiaB) — len-i. 

'cik otipaayen yMeHbniHTejibHHfl on cjiobi aa -c: krav-cik 
on krav-c (nopiaoB); pal-cik (BapjiBB^b, uajb^BKi C!b najib- 
^BBi), on pale. 

^nik BCTpibqiaeTCA qau^e acoro n cjoaaxii BTopocTeneaarjxi: 
noc-nik (aoqetfpoA'By aoqaaa MoqKa), on noc; lap-nik (bo- 
TomBBBi), on lap -a (Tpansa, JiocKyne ); r6l'nik (seuext- 
Jiern), on rola (a'^ie), yiieebniwT. rdlka; stuzoh-nik (cJiyra, 
npHCJiyra), on stuzba; vucob-nik (yqeaHicb), vucba (yqeaie), 
rjiar. vuUc; puc-nik (iiyTeaoAHTOJib), on ptw {nmh); dzel-nik 



(pa^OTflflsi), ^"^ dzeto (patfoTfl, a^jio); <rti&-mA; (tfacoBU Tpy- 
((a), 0T^ fm&a; lekaf^ik (anTesapb), leW (epavi, itsapb), 
ep. lekarna (auTesa); navus-^nik (<^epBra), orb vacho (yxo); 
vu'kraj-nik (HHOf*TpaHeii%), ' on vukraj (qysie span); hhsh.- 
jys. bobow-nik (tphjihcthrk'B boaahoB, tfotfpoBHi^a), lai *bo- 
hraw'y on hdbrik (((Owibnioff ooJieBoR 6061); HsrsB.-Jiys. dtrlhnili 
(HacJitAHHS'B)y H8!b *6rb-nik| H'bH. erhe (npHciaBJieHHoe ci sa- 
^aia d o^eBsxHo ho hhoo ^to, Rasi Ha^aJibHuil aayKi Hii. 
ueHa d-er; bi BepxHC-Jiys, Hap. npacTaBiiie?Cii h: herha; u- 
€T0 cjiaBiiHcsoe C.10B0 ecTb dob^er-nik). 

Mesjiy nepBHqHHMH eynteeTBHTOJifcHHiiH na -niA xojisho npii- 
BecTfl: rhs-nik (machbs'b), rji. rhac; Ses^ik^ (rpyxBoH uaxe- 
wni)j Ti. ces^ic (sopMHTi rpyjihK)); pis-nik (QHCbMeHBHH npH- 
(Sopi), TJi, pisac; vuruh-nik (pa36o8aii£i), rJi. vurub-ic (orpa- 
(SHTb), Rop. rub (ebi h^v. A3.: raub-en); HBSH.-Jiys. kid-nik 
(KaTOKiy iiHJiHHApi), Bop. kulf qeiDCB. ftoMZ-e^i (saTaTb, na- 
jHTb); smdh-nik (ioHb), rj. smahic (oparb, naxarb, paciia- 
XHBaTb HOBHHj). HeflBBtcTBaro KopHii ecTb gram^nik (cKyneuii), 

Bl BOTOpOUy no BBaqeuiD BHCSOJIbKO BO nOAIOABn SaHMCTBO- 

BaHBoe H3i Hti. AS. grom-ic (sjionaxBTCTBOBaTbi BpasxoBaTb). 

e) SobcrU cyn^ecTBBTejibBHfl aa 'ka. 

npRiiipa nepBBqnaro -ka: naraz-ka (BaHeR'b),^ rji. narahec 
(HaieRaTb); krep-ka (Ranu), rji* krepic (oBponJiflTb); lub-ka 
( B03Jii)($jeHHaB ), TJt, lub-ic (o6tiiiaTb; lubic so «HpaBHTbCii»); 
toc'ka (qamBHBi, oco6. npH cBaAb6ax:b), tjl. toc-ic (uihj^nn^ sa- 
CTaBirATb Toqb); HHXH.-jys. vo-pat-ka (BiBiRa), Rop. pat; CDxa 
npBiHRann h cyqecTBHTejBBafl sa ^anka: dom - chov anka 
(npasABHRi saTBEi), n. chavaS (RpHTb, xopoBHTb, A^psan), 
cp. chov-anka (npH(>isHnie, npeAitori); ie&-an/ba ( XBTpocTb, o($- 
MBBi), HJH vu'jeb-anka (otfiaQi), rji. je&-ac ( o^ManaBaTb); {{0- • 
run-anka (ypaBHeHie, BosBarpasA^Hie), rj. do-run-ac (ypaB- 
HflTbi AonojBflTb); chvdt-ka (pywa, pyROATRa), on *chY6c-i<$y 

31* 



484 oyooHBGi -Tea bi ojab. iishrax'b. § 177. 

fS^. chvatac (xearaTB); Tcoleb-Tca (jnojiBsa, Boji&tfeJiB), rjr. hoUh- 
ac (Ba^aTB), cp, Icoleb-anka (BOJietfaiiio). 

npHn'bpii BTopocreneBHaro -A:a, ynoTpef^iffoxaro ropasAO wiue 
nepBH^aaro: kost-ka (BocToqsa, Hrpa^BHan boctb), on hose: ranka 
(BpacaBBi^a), oti fany (xopomiS), cp. pyccs. uapHduuit; slov-ka 
(cjiHBa), on BeynoTp. *slova; HBan.-Jiyac. zenscyn-ka (soBmBBa), 
onhna (^q^x^.^ijir. ionscina); pijav-ka (nponycBHaB (Jyrara), 
OT'B pijavy (uhiou(\9j nponycRBoB ); sahka (qamBa), cp. Bti. 
schaUy rpe^. (TKotK-h {mcxJJoy); Hfl»fl,-Jiys. pic-ka (Kania), 
ovb pica; H.-J[yz. tub-ka (Tpe^oxby 6o6pOKBiia); B.-jiyx. ^om- 
ka (coiiOMBBEa), orb stoma; nezapomnic-ka (He3a6yABa), neza'^ 
pommty (BesatfiieBnaff), va. zapomnic; zah-ka (BBaKma^ ^pe- 
BecHBA jTBrymBa), oti> zaba; dzav-ka (AO^b), ot'b fle;noTpe6ji. 
*dzova, ^emcB. deva. 

f) GpeABifl cymecTBHTeiBBHB Ba -ko, BHpasnK)oiiB no 6oJih' 
BieB ^acTH OTHomenie yHeflbmHTejiBBoe: toz-ko (jioxe ), oti ?oio; 
voc'ko (rjiaBOKt, netJifl), oti voko; drev-ko^ ott. drevo (no- 
jitHO, J!4ct); blid'ko (ctojihr'b), — bUdo^ pycCK, 6Afodo; jej-ko 
(BHqBO, BApo), oi^jejo; zdez-ko — zdezo (aiejitao), ^enicB, zdiz- 
ko; men-ko (bhb, BauBaBie), on meno (hma); dzemt-ko (wvj^ 
BOAOBBa), OTX dzen (a^hb); Madat-ko (aepKajio), oti Madac 
(cBOTptTb, rjBA*Tb); prasad'ko (BonpocHTejrbBiiB snaBi), orb 
pras-ec (cnpaniBBaTb); htidanc-ko (saraABa), rj. hudac (yra- 
AHBaxb), qemcE. had-ati; b. Jiy», rezai-ko (rojiKyniBa), rj. re- 
zas; kukU'Jdad'ko (riiaaoBi), rj. Aiarfac (rjiflA*Tb — kuku npoHc- 
xoABTi OT'b BtM. guck'j cp. gmken); voknes-ko (oBoraKo), 
on vokno; rebles-ko^ orb reblo (pedpo), 

g) HpHjiaraTejibHUH aa -sfci : mor-sU (lopcBoB), on mora; 
kdn-ski (joraaAHHaB). OTi kon; zon-sU on zona; boj-ski (60- 
aecRiB), HB'b *boz-Bki, ot^ boh; ne^e-ski (aetfecBBB), aa Pirayc- 
BO«i 8 jun *nel)<*8-8ki, on neio; hoscin^ski (rocMBBHB), orb 
hose; Udov'Ski—zid; lav-ski (jbBHHHB), orb lav; star -ski (en- 



G740HKG& Cli g ^ ck. § 178. 485 

paH), on stary; tnacer'sU (HaiepHiB), on mac (macer^ poA. 
macerej cp. yiieHbfflHT. macer-ha); mandzd*sU (<x6paqHuHy cy- 
npyxecsiH)), sa-Tiub ^cynpjrb))), oil HeyaoTpe(!» mandSd^ cp. 
^eoiCB* manzdf noibcs. matzon eh (cp. canciip. dam-pati), xp.- 

60 IT. M/lil*L-2K6Ha (AR. ^HCJI. OT'b IIOAiakCN'L); VOStOV-sM (oCJia- 

BuB)y OTi wdo^. yiieubiDHTeibBiiii o&LonqaHifl -cA;iy -uBki : mdli- 
cki ( najieobKiH ), orb moty (cp. h mo^t^Sftiy h mulitancki); 
lohci'cki (.lereobKiS), oti Idhki; miod-uski — miody; 9tar-uski ^ 
stary h op. 

£t> <|)opMt -5A;o (-i^A^o) BUiueynoMflHyTuS cy(i)$HBCi (tozo b% ca- 
^ecTBt BTopa^iHaro) odpasyeT'b cyu^ecTBHTOJibHiid cpeAHflro po^a, 
Bupa:RaEOiuia opeHHyu^ecTBeiiHO Dpe3p'bHie:^n-£A;o(tfoJibinajf,CKBep- 
Haji nrpa)y ots hra (jlira); muhisko (Myxiqaii^e), oti mm; hitv- 
isko (fiiJCbmoey yxacBoe cpaseRie), oti» Utva (sop. &i 6HTb); 
iua-isko—iuza (Kaiyna); dur-iskOf on dure (ABepb); slov-iskOf 
oil staw'O; hrib-isko (6o.ibmoH, Hexopomifl rpn^i), OT!b hrib; vuM- 
iskOj 0T^ vuhd ( yrojib); vichor-isko (CojibmoK, ysacaaB BHxpb), 
OT'b vichor; jadr-iskOf on jadro; chamor-isko (mKanHinKo), OTb 
chamor (etpoBTHO esi fltM. kammer); stvisko (HS($Hmsa, aexopo- 
mail BOXflaTa), orb stva; seker-isko (ToaopHinso), on sekera^ 
Bop. sek. 

b) CyO«HB0H Cb GOrJIAOHilHH g H c%. 

§ 178. Bi ApeBHO-tfoirapcBOMb JisuKt. 

1. yiioTp66jieHie npHMHKaiomiix'b b,% dTOMy paapaAy cjobi — 
orpRHBqeHHo; cy^^if^HKcu ci corJiacBoM g BCTpt^aDTCfl bi ae- 
jiflorBXi ciOBaxi, oEasuBaDqiixcfl bi doJbniHHCTBft cityMoBi nep- 
bh^huxb; cyoiecTBHTeJibHHfl lync. poAa BHiioTi oKOHqasie -r^, 
-on, seRCBaro £6 -ra (-Hra), Bin h^ Cojle cJOSBom BHAt: 
-Bra, -ura ( kotophBj ynoTpetfjuiDTCii Becbia p'bABo). Ei cjio- 
Ba», BUKasHfian^HHi bth cy^^^HBCH, npiRaAJiesan h atso- 
Topu Becbia lenHaro npQicxosAeiiiL 



486 oyftft* 01 ^ H c% B% oriB. flaasAXi. g 178« 

npntpH MfseeKHxi ejmiecTBBTejibHHXi: CRup-on (tiori orBi, 
CBftia), Kop. CBAf^ oqeBHAHo T0XA6CTB6H'b CI caiiCKp. 8var (netioi 
fi08A;xi, BpacoTa), BHpasanmHHi b% BeAaBqecKOMiASHBi «cojii- 
1(6 » (ApeBHe-(!aETp. hvare^)^ cp. v svar-ga (aefio, paii HaApu); 
TBa|^-orii (TBapori)i Rop. TBAp, rj. tbo^-hth (MBEioniHqii-^Bil- 
dung d. Nomina. 85 — coflocTaejiJieTi btocjioboci cpeAB.-Bfti. 
twarCf B3X soToparo odpasoBaso bI^h. quarhj saflncTBOBaflBoe 
Do-BBABiOMy Hsi jk^.-^MT. JisHKa); Ypu-or^ (caajbBir, qepTon), 
rur. Ypu-dTH (BptsuBaTbi BHptsHBaTB, [paBA^JATB; MuRJiomiqi 
cmaen bto cjiobo saHsicTBOBaHaEiH'B); ja^-on (BCKycHHH, ooht- 
hhS, enoco($flBfl) saHHCTBOBaEO m totcb. hand-ug-s {f^^^pui}^ 
npoHemeABiaro on hand-u-a (pysa); KOBbv-en (soBqeri) sajiK' 
eTBOBBBO I8X rpeqecsaro: Kidatt'os ( ((yAio m *koyitje-ga). 3a- 
raAOHBH no npoBcxosAOBix) cjtb: iiHorL (iiiiNori» OcrpoiL) b 
niioyre. IIpBBeAeBBoe MuRjioniB^eM'b (Bild. d. Nom. 85j Bpe:^* 
nojioxoBie PaynTa, ^to cJiaB, iiHon, npn eBoeii ^opBajBBoi'b 
eorjuicifl Vb roTcs. manag-Sf osassiBaeTCfl nepeBBian on roTcs, 
xsasa, coBcftM'B ae ocBOBaiejiBBO. JtpeBHO - ($0JirapcBHxi ciobi, 

CTOil^HXX B% C00TB4TeTB6BHEIH'b rOTCKHBl BX CTOJb - SO 6m9' 

Sflxi OTHomeHiflxi no ^opit b BBaqeaii), u\l% iinoti bi mo- 
nagSf losao BacqaraTb AOBOJibao laoro, Bce-ze aexbSB apeAnon- 
raib BaRiCTBOBaaiB hxi bsx roTei&aro bsbbb; npoBaaoACTBo ze 
HBBJiomflqa cjiBB. UHon on uhu — min-uere npoTBBopftqHTi 

BaKOBBHl ^OflOTUKB, tBRl * BBBl MHOFl npOBSODIJIO B81 imtOTl 

(BaRi BBABO B3!b aepiABO BCiptqaeMHX'b $opBx) B!b ApoBBBxi oa- 
MjiTBBRaxv. irLNoriK|>aTiJ «iacTO, MHoroBpaTBO^yCyop.; mihoskl- 
CTBO, iBosecTBOy OcTpoB.; M*bHor*LMH ^oneiih9—(MiMo8ich, 378, 

a)| a H8*b MbH- BBROPAa Be HOFJIO paSBBTbCB WLU; RpOlt TOfO 

Beusji (Sh TBRoe uporbboactbo coFJiacoBaTb c% totcrob) ^opaofl; 
noBTOHy MNori aoisbo cqaiaTb noaa enie ae olSiBCBeHBHBi. 
nao^ ULielxep'B c6nsaerb ci nao^- (njiHTb, njaaaTb), i 
HiRiomfln jRftBHBaerb na laTimcR. pljau («RoexTfc»), b(^ 



o6a c($j[HseHifl 0Ka3HBaiDTCH secbua coMBHtejiBHUHH, Taaii-sasi 
HejLsa OTspniB 6jiHsaHmeM cbasb HesAy 8thiih noHflTiflHB (ho 
cHOTpa Ba TO, ^TO yKasuBaeTCfl Ba f,j^.-6ojiv. rpCE-^ BfipasaD- 
mee «pEiTB» H <3(rpecTB»). MoseTi ($htb, nepBOHaqaa&BO cjii^e- 
CTBOBajo BBBoe-TO cooTHomoBie vexAy aopHOHi nAoy- h niioyr'L, 

HO B'b A0BI6ABIHXI AO BBCl OailflTHHEaX'b TaKOB CBB3H MeSAJ JBO- 

unayTHMH noBflmHH HeBHAflo. BftjiBmaa hib MeHBmaa caHO($EiT- 
HocTb cJiOBa HAoyr'L AOJiKBa noKaaaTBca BecoMHtBBoB, ecjiir npst- 
BflTb BO BHHiiaHie ^efflCB. jplmh-dm, plouz-im (ccTaniy, BOAOsy^y 
TaBi-^TO nAoyTi=^eniCB. pluh SBa^HTi cotfcTBeaHO «TaniHMuB, 
BxeEOHEiH)!)) — cp. H iiajiop. nAu%-amu (npuraTB); npeAnojioze- 
Bie, 6yAT0 ynoMBByxHe rjiaroju npoHcxoAaTi bmobho oti cyn^e- 
CTBHT6JiBHaro nAoyTL, onpoBepraoTca Apyrfl^H riaroJiBUHMH $op- 
jiaMB, cp. qemcK. plazAm (noJisaDy npecutiKancB), plz-dm (nojisy); 
plah'Ocim (se ^maTaDCB, 6po3y bi rpasB^), pluh-avlm (sa- 
lapiiBaH))* OcHOBHBaacB aa bthxi abqhhxi, npEHBHaeai moyvL 
sa CJOBO KopeflHoe, odpasoBanHoe oocpeACTBOM'B OAfloro JtaniB 
cy$$HKca -Ti ('a)\ 

Si eyqecTBBTeJiBBHiii sescRaro poAa npoHaAJexan: CTpoy- 
TA (Tcqefiie), Rop. stru^ aa BiinycBOM'b BCxaBJieBHoB 3y($floB=srM 
( aBcsp. sru Teqb); oc-T-po-ra- (cp. ocTporarL, ocTpdra-BiL«me- 
poxoBBTHBy secTinB, BoiBiB;»), on npHJiar. 0CTp*b, EOTopoe bos- 
BOABTca El nepBOBa^. ^ak-ra, Eop. ak ci rpen. ocK^o^f lar, acer; 
" B6p-Hra (uiob), Eop. var^ cp. qemcE. se-vr-iti (coMSflyTb, csaTb); 

B!b CBflSH Cb Bap- Bp- COCTOETl H BOp. Rdp- np*. l^d-npii-TH — 3a- 

nepoTB, ^emcE. za-vri-ti. 



^ Bopo^eiTb, npH nepDO(^biTBOirb ycrpoficTs^ n^jra, ero nopbiBBCToe, boiboo6- 
pasHoe ABBxeBie— -Cb o^Hofi CTopoHU, cb APjroft-xe — ocTaBjaeiaaii eirb enjoin- 
BbiMB pflAaMH 6op08Abi, npe4CTaaJAfon\ifl BBBOJHOBaHHjio noeepzHOCTb, Aaiorb bos- 

MOXHOCTb COnOCTaBBTbi Cb BtiKOTOpOIO BtpOBTBOCTIK) Ba odo^BOCTb npOBCXOXAC- 

Bu, caBCKp. plu ( BO jHOBancB, ABBraTbCB, maTaTK8> npbiraTb)^ najopyc. njoi-i* 
amu B cjOBO tuvy-z^^ t. & npoaaBOiMJ^tt BaDOjaoBaBBOcn ^ naxon. 



488 oyo«. Qii g HL ch bi> ojab. as. §§ 178--179. 

-ma cocTOHTi h3i ABjxi fy(t)$i!RC0Bi: -ja h -ga: BouiT-ara, 
(MOTb, 6iim), Hsi *vosk-ja ga; BHN-arA (BHHorpaAi), Hst Vn- 
(o)ja-ga; Tonra (najiHa) — Tcusaro npoHcxosAeniii, B'bpoflTHO — 

BaHMCTBOBEHO. 

GymecTBHteibHUii iiysecBaro poxa cb oBOHqaBiflMH aa ropraF. 
C% BOH^amcfl fla -fCLy -ajCL, ^o\}CL, bi seacKOH'B poji.'b na -^^/i, 
'a;!^^) -'OY;(a; spoHt Toro BCTpt^aDicfl b OROiiqauiA -Hjct^ -io;rb; 

H 8TH paspBAU BO HBOFO^BCiieHBH. 

OyqecTBHTejbnufl nysecsaro poAa: a^Y'^'^^P* ^^=^^^^(^^" 
N 8T0 cjoBO npHMHKaeTi Kx FJiar. fi;iA}c-mH^ aejibsfl npoHSBO- 
AJiTB ero on aroro nocfltABBro, npeAcraBiiflioniaro wb cb-^d o^e- 
peAB ^opuy DpoH3BOAByiD), cp. rpeq. ^u-juo-^, cisp. dhu {vb 
BHaqesiB «ABHraTii»); rasBxi odpaBOMi f^oy-p^ b a^U'I^*^* i^P^ 
pasHEixi OKouqafliax^, npoBCxoABTi ot'b oahofo h Toro-iRe EopB/i; 
€M^-;rL, Bop. smi.vn. cmh-hth ca (cM<B-iiK ca); rpii-jfLy sop. 
gJiar (««eqb)> — «rptxi»=aryqiH), rj. rpfLHTH, h rp'E-TH; cn*-;cb 
(cBopocTb, roTOBHOCTb), Bop. ciiiL-^ vn. CH^-TH (ep. pyccs. no- 
cmh-rnt); CHpOM-a^ (64abhB), cp. pyccB. cupo-ma^ qemcK. o- 
sir-dy (ocBpoT'bJiiifl); ;k6H-h;cl, on 3K6Nd; KOH-ioyL, on KOHb. 

OyniecTBBTejibBHfl seBCsaro poAa: CTps-;ca (RpHma ), Kop. star 
(noBpHBaTby pacTBrBBaTb), rJi. -CTp*E-TH (bi coeABBeniH cinpeA- 
jioraMB: npo-CTp*E-TH); uix^-oyfca (MBiuiomHVb npojinoxaraeTi nop- 
BO($HTB. *pad-ucha); ypikN-OY;ca (qepBymsa), or% YpjAVh. 

§ 179. Cy$$Bac£i Ha ^ b cA bi pyccKOMX BaHst. 

1. OKOBqafiiB ci ochobbhhx g=t. 

OBOH^aBie -tz nuiion oqoflb BeMHorifl cyn^ecTBHTejibBEiii: bsi 
BOTopHXi H-bsoTopnii eqe saBicTBOBaBU, bo obob^.-ibio -m^ bh- 
paaEanniee nep'bAKO b cy^ecTBBreJibBHB MysecEaro poAa, b'b qac- 
TOBi ynoTpetfjieBiB. 

IIpBBtpu OKOBqaQia -is: meop-diz (bib meajp'diz)^ rjiar, 
9n60^-i«mb (cp. H eampym-Ka^ otfpaaoBaBBoe BCxtiCTBie nope- 
CTaBOBBB uLn *TBapyx*aa); ean-btz (vysoro npoHCXosAOBia, 6p# 



cy««HKOEi cii g E ch bi pyoos. ashs^. § 179. 489 

BcnaHCB. zap-ato); nup-bit (BipoiTHO on nupb^ MiUos. Bild. 
d« Norn. 85); 6am-bvbj saHMCTBOBaHO pnBHO Kasi Ap.'<$ojir. Ed- 
TorL, cp. 'htbji. hatt-ere ((Jhtb, yjiapaxb); KopH'•a^^ (^^^Kopnh- 
%a)^ cp. H'bM. A;n^^^ $p. cmc^e, jip.*(iojir. Kpiv-ar^; uoH-hit^ 
^on jMOfc^Uy Bop. MOK^ cp. FJiar. Mon-nymh; Koe^•'l^^^ AP«~^0Jir. 
KOBkv-eri; Hemehp-^z {on nemupe) Hsxtueno r31 ^^eTfiep-E'E. 
npHMtps oKOHiaaia -ta (-ma^ -uta): My-ta (Kop. CAy=8rUf 
CBp. (ru c(CJiHnian»y CAytaamtM = Myatcumt; uoc^if^EVi rjia- 
TOJ'b o6pa30BaH'b hsi cjiAecTBHrejibHaro); ko^tuM-d^ta HaxoAnTca 

BtpOflTHO B*b CBHSH Cb K0Au6' Bl» KOAuC'Im H npOHCXOARTl OTb 

rjiar. KOAed-hmt; eam-hia (aauMCTBOB.); noep-ma^ sop. A;t;ar 
(6jUTb xapsHttiy A'bJiHTb a;apIwKM^)y cp. uojbCK. skwar (niAaa^, 
BiirapKH), qemcB. s-hvar-iti (sapHib, otfxaraTb)^ cjiu. skvar-ky 
(mKBapa, mBB&pHHa); pbs-ia (po3=poCj rj. poc-mu asi *pocT- 
TB, lai&i-^TO pbs'ta cotfcTB. CTOBTi BM, *poCT-ra, cp. ^eaiCB. 
rusi'ka); mopan-utaj rji. moponumhCJi; meA-tbiay cep6cK. ma- 
AMit (xeiHaro npoacxosAcaia); nyA-aia; eep-ma^ Bop. eep (var 
«c3aaHpaTb»); eoAaH'd,ta (masc. h femOy H3i ^BOJOB-ara, riar. 00- 
Abuh (cp. eoAOK-uma); sa-rbd'^ia^ cz-tbd-yia (B^ npocTopti.^ 
otfHA^HBi), BOp. Tbd; Aod'Utaf AUH-yia; Aoe-yta^ rj. Aoe-Umh; 
Mom-uia (=xoT%), nar. Mom-amt; nuH-yia (coBpaqeHo wh 
*nmuH'); ceep-wia^ mhooA-xa; et-ma coBpameHO hb^e ^etb-wia^ 
rj. Qfb-smh; mpee-bia (nepBOH. Kop. tar); xan-yta, sfip. xan^ 
TMv. xhn-Hymt^ xhu-amt (^emcB. chop-iti se— «8axBaTHTb»); 
ep'Uia; ceph-tb, saaiicTBOBaHO bsi totcb. asuaay cp. AP**($oj!rap. 
oyce-pA^ki HjiH — pAri^ (totcb. auso ccyxo)) h *ring-s=«Ap.-HtM. 
h-ring). Gioaa aa BTopocxeneHHoe -to: ('-«ta, -yta): MaAt-td, 
(on MaA'Uu); naA-yia^ on fco^^ (ax cvflr^eaHoB ^oput uaAy- 
oKa); KOM'Hia (of^iacia. <c20AKa hsi oahofo naa))), cp. komi; 
MeAya-xh^ ot^ m^kIU (MhAOHh); CMOAhH^ta^ otx CMOAh; menA- 
yta (npocTop.), on mSnAuU; wyAh-xhj cp. f^.-i^JLv. uioyH (jit- 
bhI), ut« scaev'ola; ap-yta, on spb; (Ttm-^, on CttAuH; 



490 cyfto. Qii g ^ eh bi ojiab. ASHBix'b. § 179. 

npo-ui€A'U%a, on w,eAh (soTopce B'fepoiiTHo np80($pa80BaH0 m 
mOA-, Bop, skid <cpa3.i.tMTb», rp. flr%/^(»). 

OsoHiiaHie ^H%a OKaaHBaereii do dojibnieS qacTH BTOpocreneH- 
BBHi; yiapenie ibshti npaBHJiBHO na h: comM-^a, oti comuH; 
6tbdH'ma—6rbdHuit (Kop. 6ud); MUA-m-a (apocTop.), on muauU; 
cnyn-ma (cRynoH); Hcpe-Aui, orbHepe%; pthd-Hia — ptbdnii; deop- 
U'Hta — ^eop^; nopmu-Aia^ on nopmudU. IlepBHqHoe -ma: 6pod' 
Ata, TA. 6pod-umb; Aem-ma (jieTyqaa tftiKa), rji. Aemmtu 

2. OKOHqaeifl ci ochobhqhi x. 

Gyn^ecTBHTeJiBHUH vysecsaro po^a: cMtb-xh^ dy-xh^ CAy-xh 
(rpei, xaJ-« «cj!Hray»); ^^y'X^; CKOMop-dxZy Ap. 6ojr. CKOU- 
(^a-;cL, cp. lemcB. skemr-ati (skebrati <KnpoGflTb BacioHqHsOy yio- 
jflTb»); noC'OXi ot% sop. nctc (nac-mu; 8to cjiobo npeACTaBijH- 
en npHH'bp'b qpeaeuqaHHo pt^Raro HdMiHeHia yjiapfleMaro a e% o, 
TaKi-KaK^b nbC'OXh ctoht^ b». *nd>C'Oxi); nhnm-ioxi (cBaab 
CB rjiar. nen-Hmh cOHHHTeJiBfla^ Kom-yxs, oti Kdatca; koh-wx^^ 
OTi KOHh; wb o6yxt -yxh npsHaAJiexHrB si sopHi), cp. n. 6yX' 
amt. -myxh: nac-myxh, ta. nac-mU; nu-myxh^ Kop. nu (nu-mh); 
ntb-myxtf rji. ntb-mt. 

Gyn^ecTBBTejrBHHfl seHCsaro poAa sa xa (-axa^ 'oxa): cei^-xa 
Hdi "^d'aT-xa, rj[. eeam-amh (earn opeACTaBiaerB ycHJieHHyK) 
4>opny npocToro ettm^ ejf.pas-umb nLpmamt; cad-umh h crbc-mh; 

m 

c Bupasaeii npeAion — TasHii ofipasoai ceam-anih no saaqe- 
BiE) H 4>opji% HO HHoe ^TO, Kas'b ycHjieHHoe co-erbm-oeamh; o bi 
eeam-amtj — (5yATOH3> *co-BaT-aTB — Biinajio, paBHO sasi bi c-^h* 
p{tTb=co6BpaTb; caiiBaTb — coshbi b op. B, yAapeeie bi o6i« 
HX'b ^^opvaxi yAepsHBaeTCfl Ba BopeBHon'B c.ior'6); He-pA-xa HSb 
*ijepiiA-xa (cp. no-pnd'Om); npn-xa h31 *npaA-xa (npad-y); 
sauaph-xa^ xz. uap-hmt; o-Sup-bxa^ (bi npocTop.), nod'6up* 
bxa, VJL. '6up-d,mt; o-nue-bxa, sop. nue; ey-Mam-bxa, sop. Mom 

(HOT-&Tb, Sa-lliiiT-HBaTb). 



oy(ftft. Q% g VL ch Bi pycGB, sizuK%. § 179. 491 

-^xa, Bi RaHecTBi nepBH^aaro ey^j^iiKca, Hnteri npasHJibHO 
yiapeuid ea u: tuym-uxa, rj. tuym-umt; om-tou-uxa^ tmt. 
tOH'Hmt; y-Kpom-uxa^ rji. yKpom-umh; xeam-uxa, tjl. xeam- 
umt; nepe6ep'uxay Kop. 6ep (Sep-y); wyM-uxa. ijl. myM- 
ibmh; vJi,eu>A-uxa o(pa30BaHO on rjiar. uke%OA'Him^ uo stoti 
npoflaomojii wh cbod oqepeAB ot'b cyqecTB. vj^ioAh; (HceMan- 
uxa^ TJL. otceMhuumhCH (sop. ^eMan- ecTb pacoiEpeflHaii $op- 
xa nar. oKamh, otcM-y). TeMHaro upoHCioxAeHiH octb Man-uxa 
(oco6eHHHH poAi> npHj[KBa), cbasb KOToparo ciKope. Man (Man- 
umh) HejiBan xoKasaTB. 

EaKi oKOB^aflie BTopocTeneaHoe -uxa ^aqe Bcero Bcrp'b^aeTCfl 
Bi ^opMt 'UHuxa (nuH'Uxa), Biipasafl bi Tasoii cjiyqal pe* 
leGieBHHili; yj^apeBie ocTaeTCB aa Toii-se ciort, ua soTopoMi 
obo BaxoAHTCB Bii cooTBtTCTBeBBHxi cymecTP.HTejbHOM'B Myse- 
CBaro poAa: jmduuH-uxa^ on Mfhduufcb; debpnuH-uxa^ oti» 
dehp-Hum; eandotcHUH-uxa — canoM-uutn ; MJicnuH-uxa — mm- 
Hum (yjiapeaie ioahti aa osoaqaHiffy TaK^-saK^ oao h bi cjiob. 
MMHum nepexoAHTi na OKoaqaaia: MJicnuK-ct^ mmhuh-omz); 
MhAtHUH'Uxa — MbjtbHum, Kop. MCA (MM-fo); mKan-uxa—mKaw; 
KynH-^OMij on nyn-lv/h; nopmu-uxaj OT'B nopm-ubu; noeap- 
uxa, on ndeap% (bi yAapeaifl OKassBaeTCfl BeapaaHJiBBOCTB, 
Tan-Basi oao bi seacKoll ^^opiit nepemjio aa osoaqaaie; aia- 
jiorHqaHH nopexoA'B ycHaTpaaaeTca Bopoqeui bo xaox. ^a^jift: 
noeap'h); epaA-^xa^ on epoAh.