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Full text of "The standard guide to Paris and every-day French conversation"

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GOING TO PARIS. 

Distances and time required by shortest routes. 

228 K. 3 H.35 reads: 228 kilometers, 3 hours 35 min. 

8 kilometers = 5 miles. See page 5. 



THE STANDARD 

GUIDE TO PARIS 

AND 

EVERY-DAY FRENCH 

CONVERSATION 

REVISED AND ENLARGED 



ESPECIALLY COMPILED FOR AMERICAN TOURISTS 

BY 

MAX MAURY, A. B., LL. M. 

OF THE UNIVERSITY OF PARISl' 



Colored Map showing Distances from Paris — Proper 

Names and Geographical Names not spelled alike in 

English and French — Moneys of France converted 

into American and English Values — Twelve 

City Routes with Explanations and a Map 

of each Route — Sentences in German 

and Italian for Tourists visiting 

Germany, Switzerland and Italy 



WORTH ITS WEIGHT IN GOLD TO TOURISTS AND 
STUDENTS LEARNING THE LANGUAGE 




CHICAGO 

LAIRD & LEE, Publishers 







Copyright, 1902, by William H. Lee. 
Copyright, 1913, by William H. Lee. 



0\ <r'® 



Table of Contents 



PAGE 

Railroad Fares to Paris from 48 Places, . 5 

French Moneys with American and English 
Equivalents, 6 

Proper Names not Spelled Alike in French 
and English, 7 

Itineraries from U. S. Points to Paris, . 9 
Steamship Offices, . . . . .11 

Watches on Board Ship, . . . .11 

Concerning Passports, 12 

I. — Pronunciation and Every=day Phrases. 

Pronunciation — Cardinal Numbers — Ordinal 
Numbers, etc. — Days, Months — Seasons; 
Holidays — The verbs "avoir" and "elre" — 
Common Adjectives — Parts of the Body — 
The Weather — Sensation and Feeling — Dress 
(male and female) — Traveling Requisites — 
The Time — Phrases of Time, . . . 13-40 

II. — Conversations for Tourists. 

On Board the Ship — At the Custom House — 
Asking One's Way — Railroads and Trains — 
Cabs and Cabbies — 'Buses and Street Cars 
— Post and Telegraph Offices — About Hotels 
— Baths — Barbers — Restaurants — Cafes 
— Tobacco Stores — With the Doctor — Money 
Matters — Shopping — Social Customs, . 41-111 

III. — Twelve City Routes with Diagrams. 

Route I. Over the Grands Boulevards, . 112 

Route 2. Around the He de la Cite and thi 
He St. Louis, . . . . . .117 

Route 3. A Visit to the Bois de Boulogne, . 121 
Route 4. To les Gobelins, le Pantheon and 

le Quartier Latin, . . . . .125 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 

Route 5. Quays and Bridges, from Pont- 

Neuf to Pont National and back, . .129 

Route 6. Old Paris, from Palais-Royal to 

Place da la Bastille, .... 135 

Route 7. Cimetiere du Pere La Chaise and 

the Bois de Vincennes, .... 137 
Route 8. To Montmartre and the Eglise du 

Sacre-Coeur, . . . . . . 141 

Route 9. Quays and Bridges, from Pont- 

Neuf to Pont d'Auteuil, . . . . 147 

Route 10. To les Abattoirs de la Villette and 

les Buttes Chaumont, . . . .151 

Route II. To the Luxembourg and I'Obser- 

vatoire, . . . . . . -155 

Route 12. From Le Palais-Royal to Le Tro- 

cadero, . . . . . . .157 

Suburban Places of Interest, 

Versailles, St-Cloud, Fontainebleau, Chantilly. 161 

Opening Days and Hours of Museums, Public 

Buildings, Etc., . . . . . 162 

Church Calendar : R. C. Churches, American 
and English Churches, French Protestant 
Churches, Synagogues, . . . . 163. 

Theaters AND Other Places OF Amusements, 164 

IV. — Tourist's Necessary Words and Sen= 

tences in Qerman and Italian, 165 

v.— Telegraph and Cable Code, 183 

Geographical Names, 188 



ILLUSTRATIONS 

Distances by Rail to Paris, . . Frontispiece 

Twelve City Routes — Separate Diagram of 

each, ...... iia-uS 

Pantheon, 126 



RAILROAD FARE BETWEEN PARIS AND 
VARIOUS CITIES 

Official, from latest Tariffs. (See Frontispiece.) 



Aix-les-Bains 

Angers 

Anvers (Antwerp). . , 

Bale (Basel) , 

Barcelone 

Berlin 

Berne , 

Bordeaux 

Boulogne s M 

Bruxelles (Brussels) 

Calais 

Cherbourg 

Cologne 

Dieppe 

Dijon 

Francfort s. M 

Geneve (Geneva) 

Granville 

I^ausanne 

lye Havre . . . . 

Leipzig (Ivcipsic) 

Liege 

Lille 

Limoges 

Lisbon 

Londres (London). . . 

Luchon . 

Lyon 

Madrid 

Marseille 

Milan 

Munich 

Nancy 

Nantes 

Nice 

Reims 

Rennes 

Rome 

Rouen 

Strasbourg 

Toulon 

Toulouse 

Tours 

Turin 

Vienne (Vienna) 

Ziirich 



1st Class 


2d Class. 


3d Class. 


fr. 65 15 


fr. 44 00 




34 60 


23 40 




38 15 


25 85 




58 80 


39 90 


Ir. 26 10 


133 40 


92 15 


60 00 


110 60 


71 40 


46 10 


62 60 


42 70 




65 95 


44 55 


29 10 


28 55 


19 30 


12 60 


34 45 


23 35 


14 95 


33 15 


22 40 




41 65 


28 15 


18 40 


53 20 


36 30 


23 20 


18 90 


12 80 




35 40 


23 90 




74 75 


49 60 


32 05 


70 10 


47 35 


' 


36 85 


24 90 


16 25 


59 00 


40 15 


26 55 


25 65 


17 35 


11 35 


108 60 


70 10 


45 20 


39 30 


26 55 


16 85 


27 75 


18 75 




45 35 


30 65 


20 00 


• 221 50 


158 50 


103 25 


45 75 


33 25 




96 10 


64 90 




57 45 


38 80 




171 35 


121 65 


76 35 


96 65 


65 25 




96 90 


66 75 




103 10 


68 55 


44 90 


39 65 


26 80 


17 50 


44 45 


30 05 


19 60 


121 85 


82 30 


53 65 


17 55 


11 99 


7 70 


42 00 


28 35 


18 55 


163 10 


110 20 


73 20 


15 35 


10 40 


6 70 


56 55 


37 90 




104 25 


70 40 




80 40 


54 30 


35 40 


26 75 


18 10 


11 85 


91 60 


62 25 


40 80 


155 20 


98 95 


63 75 


68 05 


46 40 





MONEYS OF FRANCE 



With American and English Equivalents. 
COINS, 



Denominations. 


French 
Value 


Ameri- 
can 
Valfje. 


English 

Value. 


Gold. 


fr. c 


% c. 


£ s. 


d. 


Piece de loo francs. , 


TOO GO 


18.75 


3 19 


3.6 


— de 50 francs. . 


50 00 


9.37.5 


I 19 


7 8 


— de 20 francs. , 


20 GO 


3.75 


15 


10.3 


— de 10 francs . 


IG GO 


1.^7.5 


7 


II 


— de 5 francs . 


5 OG 


93.75 


3 


II. 5 


Silver. 










Piece de 5 francs. . . . 


5 '30 


93.75 


3 


".5 


— de 2 francs. . . . 


2 GG 


37.5 


I 


7 


— de I franc .... 


I GG 


18.75 




9.5 


Demi-franc 


- 50 


9.37 




4-75 


Piece de 20 cent 


- 20 


3-75 




1.9 


Copper. 










Piece de 10 cent .... 


- 10 


1.87 




95 


— de 5 cent .... 


- 05 


0.93 




47 


— de 2 cent .... 


- 02 


0.37 




0. 19 


Centime 


- GI 


0.18 




0.09 





PAPER MONEY. 

The French Government has not issued any paper money 
during the 19th century. 

Bank-notes (Billets de Banque), issued by the "Bank of 
France," are accepted all over the world at their face value. 
Those notes now in. circulation are for 

F/ve thousand francs (cinq mille francs), 

One thousand francs (mille francs). 

Five hundred francs (cinq cents francs), 

Two hundred francs (deux cent francs), 

One hundred francs (cent francs), 

Fifty francs (cinquante francs). 

France, Belgium, Italy, Switzerland, Greece, Spain and 
Roumania, form the Latin Monetary Union, issuing the same 
kinds of coins under different names. Their gold coins are 
therefore interchangeable, i. e., in each of the countries named 
the gold coins of all the others are accepted at pat. Their sil- 
ver coins (except France's and Belgium's) are generally below 
par. Their paper money has to be investigated before being 
accepted, except that issued by the Banque Nationale de Bel- 
gique ,vQ\nc\i is as reliable as the notes of the Banque de France. 

6 



PROPER NAMES 

Not spelled alike in English and French. 



'# Adolph'us, Adolphe, 
A'drian, Adrian. 
Aga'tha, Agathe. 
Alexan'der, Alexandre. 
Arian, Alain. 
AI'vin, Al'win, Alluin. 
Am'brose, Ambroise. 
Amede'us, Amedee. 
Ame'lia, Amelie. 
A 'my, Aimee. 
An 'drew, Andre. 
Ann, Anne. 
An'selm, Ansel, Anselme. 
An'thony, Antoine. 
Ar'chibald,Archy, Archam- 

bault. 
Ar'nold, Arnaud. 
'jgus'tus, Auguste. 
ure'lian, Aurelien. 
AUS'tin, Augustin. 

Bald 'win, Beaudouin. 
Bar'bara, Barbe. 
Bar'naby, Barnabe. [me. 
Barthol'omew, Bartholo- 
Ben 'edict, Benoit. 
Ber'tha, Berthe. 
Bil'ly, Guillaume, 
Brid'get, Brigitte. 
Bes'Sie, Elisabeth. 

Cecil 'la, Cecile. 
Christ'ian, Chretien. 
Christ! 'na, Christine. 
Christ'opher, Christophe 
Clau'dius, Claude. 
Corne'lia, Cornelia. 
Cyp'rian, Cyprien. 

Dia'na, Diane. 
Dorothe'a, Dorothee. 



Ed 'gar, Edgard. 
Ed'mund, Edmond. 
Ed 'ward, Edouard. 
El'eanor, Eleonore, 
Eli'jah, Elie. 
Eli'sha, Elisee. 
Eli'za, Elisa, Elise. 
Eliz'abeth, Elisabeth. 
Em'ily, Emilia. 
Ene'as, Enee. 
Ernes'tus, Ernest. 
Eu'gene, Eugene. 
Euge'nia, Eugenia. 
Ez'ra, Esdras. 

Fran'ces, Frangoisa. 
Fran'cis, Frank, Frangois. 
Fred'erick, Frederic. 
Geoffrey, Geoffroi. 
George, Georges. 
Gid'eon, Gedeon. 
Gil'bert, Guilbert. 
God'frey, Godefroi. 
Greg'ory, Gregoire. 
Gusta'vus, Gustava. 

Har'ry, Henri, 
Har'riet, Henriette. 
Hel'en, Helene. 
Henriet'ta, Henrietta. 
Hen'ry, Henri. 
Ho'mer, Homere. 
Hora'tio, Horace. 
Horten'sia, Hortense. 
Hugti, Hugo, Hugues. 
Humph 'rey, Onfroi. 

Igna'tius. Ignace. 
Isa'iah, Isaie. 

Jack, Jean. 
James, Jacques. 



PROPER NAMES 



Jai|e, Jean, Jeanne. 
Janet', Jeanette. 
JaS'per, Gaspard. 
Jerome', Jerome. 
Joan, Jeanne. 
Joe, Joseph. 
John, Jean. 
Josh'ua, Josue. 
Ju'liet, Juliette. 
Julian, Julien. 
Ju'lius, Jules. 
Just'us, Juste. 

Kate, Kitty, Catherine. 

Law'rencc, Laurent. 
Le'o, Leon. 
Lau'ra, Laure. 
Lew 'is, Louis, 
Liz'zie, Lisette. 
Loui'sa, Louise. 
Lu'cian, Lucien. 
Lu'cy, Lucie. 
Luke, Luc. 
Lu'ther, Lothaire. 

IWadge, Margot. 
Mag'daJen, Madeleine. 
IWar'garet, Marguerite. 
IWark, Marc. 
IWar'tha, Marthe. 
IWa'ry, Marie. 
IWatil'da, Mathilde. 
IWat'thew, Mathieu. 
IWaximU'ian, Maximilien. 
IWi'chael, Michel. 
IWike, Michel. 
n/lor'ris, Maurice. 
Mo'ses, Moise. 
Nao'ml, Noemie. 
Ned. Edouard. 
Nel'ly, Nell, Eleonore. 
Nich'olas, Nicolas. 
No 'ah, Noe. 



Ol'ver, Olivier. 
O'tho, Othon. 

Pat'rick, Patrice. 
Paull'na, Pauline. 
Pe'ter, Pierre. 
Phil'ip, Philippe. 
Pol'ly, Marie. 

Ray'mund, Raymond. 
Reg'Inaid, Renaud. 
Reu'ben, Ruben. 
Rod'erick, Rodrigue. 
ho'dolph, Ralph, Rodolphe 
Ro'samund, Rosamonde. 
Row'land, Roland. 

Sal'ly, Sarah. 
Samp'son, Samson. 
Sappho, Sapho. 
Sig'ismund, Sigismond. 
Sol'omon, Salomon. 
Sophi'a, Sophie. 
Ste'phen, Etienne. [zanne. 
Su'san, Susan'nah, Su- 

The'obald, Thibaut. 
Theo'philus, Theophile. 
Tl^'tus, Tite. 
Tobi'as, Tobie. 
Tom, Tommy, Thomas. 

Ulys'ses, Ulysse. 
Ur'ban, Urbain. 
Ur'sula, Ursule. 

Val'entine, Valentin. 
Vale'rian, Valerien. 
Viv'ian, Vivien, Vivienne. 

VVal'ter, Gautier. 
Wiri!::m, Guillaume. 



4 



GOING TO PARIS. 



There are so many steamship lines plying between 
the New World and the Old, all vying with each other 
to attract passengers, that each individual taste and 
circumstance can be suited. 

The prices vary considerably, not only as between the 
several lines, and according to the location of berth or 
cabin, but each line changes its rates at will and with- 
out notice. We cannot quote any figures, therefore, and 
must refer our readers to the companies or their agents. 

Return tickets are generally good for one year, and 
it is wise to secure to return cabin or berth in advance, 
if possible, especially in August, September and Octo- 
ber, owing to the great number of passengers traveling 
West at that time. 

ITINERARIES 

Cunard Line. — Weekly, Wednesday and fortnightly, 
Saturday sailings from New York to Fishguard. 
Time five and one-half days by "Lusitania" and 
''Mauretania," and six and one-half to seven days 
other steamers. Fishguard to London, by rail, 
four and one-half hours ; from London to Dover, 
by rail, three hours ; crossing the Channel, one and 
one-half to two and one-half hours ; from Calais 
or Boulogne to Paris, by rail, six hours. Time, 
New York to Paris, by "Lusitania" or "Maureta- 
nia," six to six and one-half days. 

American Line — Every Saturday. From New York to 
Southampton, six and one-half days, calling East 
bound at Plymouth and Cherbourg. Passengers 
for Paris take the special train at Cherbourg, 
seven hours to Paris (gare St-Lazare). 
From Philadelphia to Liverpool, via Queenstown, 
Saturdays. About eleven flays. One class cabin 
steamers (II). Liverpool to Paris, via London, rail 
and Channel, about twelve hours. 
9 



JO GOING TO PARIS 

Atlantic Transport Line. — From New York to London 
direct, nine days. Only first class passengers car- 
ried ; no steerage. London to Paris, via rail and 
Channel, about six and one-half hours, according 
to route. 

French Line. — (Compagnie Generale Transatlantique). 
Every Thursday. From New York to Havre, eight 
days ; from Havre to Paris, by lail, four hours. 

Holland-America Line. — Every Tuesday. From New 
York to Boulogne-sur-Mer, eight days ; from Bou- 
logne t6 Paris, by rail, four hours. 

Leyland Line. — Boston to Liverpool direct, ten days. 
These steamers only carry one class of cabin pas- 
sengers (II) and no steerage. Liverpool to Paris, 
via London, rail and Channel, about twelve hours. 

Red Star Line. — Every Saturday (exept Winter months 
when steamers sail on Wednesday), from New York 
to Antwerp via Dover; nine days. Antwerp to 
Paris, by rail, five hours. 

Every Friday. Philadelphia to Antwerp direct, ten 
to eleven days. Only one class cabin carried (II), 
no steerage. Antwerp to Paris, by rail, five hours. 

White Star-Dominion Line. — Every Saturday. Sum- 
mer, Montreal and Quebec to Liverpool, six and 
one-half days. Winter, Portland, Me., to Liver- 
pool. The short route to Europe via St. Lawrence 
River. Only four days at sea. Liverpool t6 Paris, 
via London, rail and Channel, about twelve hours. 

White Star Line. — New York to Southampton, six and 
one-half days. Calling East bound at Plymouth 
and Cherbourg. Passengers for Paris take special 
train from Cherbourg, seven hours to Paris ( gare 
St-Lazare). 

From New York to Liverpool, via Queenstown, eight 
days. Liverpool to Paris, via London, rail and 
Channel, about twelve hours. 

From Boston to Liverpool, via Queenstown, eight 
days. Liverpool to Paris, via London, rail and 
Channel, about twelve hours. 



GOING TO PARIS 



STEAMSHIP OFFICERS. 



fi 



The Captain is to be addressed as "captain," 
except on the French Hne, where the word "com- 
mandant" is used. He is the master of his ship, in 
law and in fact, during the trip. His will is supreme 
law and the sole authority in all serious matters. 
Do not bother him with complaints about trifles. 

The Doctor is supposed to render his services 
free of charge, but in cases of treatment other 
than for sea-sickness, it is customary to send him 
a fee. Socially he ranks next to the captain and 
is a good companion, as a rule. 

The Purser will take care of your valuables, 
free of charge, and will procure access to your 
baggage "down in the hold" (don't say "down 
cellar" or "down stairs"). He also takes care of 
your letters to be mailed through pilot boats, etc. 

The Chief Steward is the manager, clerk and 
head waiter of the hotel-part of the service. If 
you wish to have a particular seat at meals, see him 
as soon as you get aboard. If rightly approached, 
he is in a position to add to your comforts. 

THE WATCHES ON BOARD SHIP. 

For purposes of discipline, and to divide the 
work fairly, the crew is mustered in two divisions : 
the Starboard Watch (right side, looking forward), 
and the Port Watch (left). The day commences 
at noon, and is thus divided: 



Afternoon Watch 

First Dog 

Second Dog 

First 

Middle 

Morning 

Forenoon 



noon to 4 p.m. 

4 P.M. to 6 P.M. 
6 P.M. to 8 P.M. 
8 P.M. to midnight. 

12 A.M. to 4 A.M. 
4 A.M. to 8 A.M. 

8 A.M. to noon. 



This makes seven Watches, which enables the 
crew to keep them alternately, as the Watch 
which is on duty in the forenoon one day has the 
afternoon next day, and the men who have only four 
hours' rest one night have eight hours the next. 

Time is kept by means of "Bells," the first half 
hour of each Watch being marked by "one bell," 
the second half hour by "two bells," etc. 



CONCERNING PASSPORTS 

Americans will find it to their interest to pro- 
vide themselves with passports before setting out 
on a trip to Europe. They are obtainable from 
the State Department, Washington, D.C., direct, 
or through any of the U. S. Commissioners 
located in the larger cities of the country. 

A visa, or official verification, by the nearest 
French consul will be a finishing touch, not indis- 
pensable, but of no mean value. 

In the European countries passports are not 
required (except in Russia and Turkey), but as a 
means of identification in case of an emergency or 
accident, they will prove invaluable. 

Certain museums, monuments and public and 
private galleries, otherwise closed on certain days, 
will yield admittance to the open sesame of a pass- 
port. 

The New York Herald, of Paris, Avenue de 
rOpera, opposite the U. S. Consulate, cables 
every day to New York all the names of Amer- 
icans who arrived and registered at the office that 
day. As all the leading dailies in the U. S. 
copy this list, you will not neglect to notify your 
friends of your safe arrival in this quick and gra- 
tuitous way. 

The American Consulate in Paris is located 
36 Avenue de I'Opera. 

The consul is not supposed to be at your beck 
and call, whenever you think that a cabby or 
waiter overcharges you. In serious trouble, how- 
ever, you should certainly summon him to protect 
you from injustice. 

Remember that when traveling in foreign coun- 
tries one must abide by the law of the land, and 
neither consul nor ambassador can prevent the 
punishment of a transgressor. 



Lee's Standard 
GUIDE TO PARIS 

AND 

EVERY-DAY FRENCH CONVERSATION 



I. PRONUNCIATION AND SIMPLE 
PHRASES 

YOU can't very well expect to find here a com- 
plete and learned — and useless — treatise on 
French pronunciation, but you have a right 
to look for a few practical hints. 

There are French sounds for which there is no 
equivalent in English. You know that' well 
enough. It is therefore absurd to try to represent 
them by means of English sounds. All the 
Anglo-French pronouncing guides I know have 
attempted it, and have only succeeded in making 
people believe that "restywrong" is the correct 
pronunciation for restaurant, which, of course, is 
utterly absurd. 

These totally different sounds are only six in 
number, and can be mastered in a few minutes. 
They consist of four nasal sounds — on, an, in, un, 
of the u (German u) and eu sounds. Get hold of 
any Frenchman (an anarchist will do, for want of 
any one better), and ask him to pronounce the 
following, for which there is / 

No Equivalent in English. 

a. Nasal Soiuids. 
Ox — as in nio?t (my), son (his), mouton (sheep, 

mutton). 



14 PRONUNCIATION 

An — as in fnanteau (cloak), azmant (loving), 
tant (so much). 

In — as in vzn (wine), matin (morning), coquin 
(rascal). 

Un — as in un (one), brun (brown). 

b. "U" Sound. 

U — as in muse (muse), JlMe (flute), tohubohu 
(hubbub). 

c. "Eu" Sound. 

E = long eu sound in heureux (happy), deux 
(two). Also in Monsieur, which is pronounced 
as if spelt 7neusieu. 

E = Short eu sound in heure (hour), docteur 
(doctor). ' 

For the nasal sounds the following is good 
practice: Get ready to pronounce the English 
words lo7ig, hang, etc., like "Chappie, don't ye 
know," but stop in the middle of the n, or sooner, 
the mouth wide open. Trying to hold a glass in 
one eye before the mirror will greatly lighten the 
task. When you tire of this, vary the exercise. 
Pose your lips for oo in boot, and in this position 
pronounce ee as in beet. Watch your lips in the 
mirror. If they remain in position during the 
operation, you will hear the French u. Ditto, 
pose your lips for o in lone, and in this position 
pronounce a as in pane (resp. e in pen). The 
result will be the French long eu (resp. short eu). 

The last two sounds are represented in this book 
by e and e. All the other sound signs or dia- 
critical marks are explained below: 

VOWEL SOUNDS. 

Long a (a) = English a in balm. 
Short a (a) = English a in fat. 
Long e (e) = English ey in obey. 
Short e (e) = English e in met. 

For e and e, see above. 
Long i (i) = English i in ?nackine. 
Short i (i) =^ English i va pit. 
Long o (o) = English o in ore. 
Short o (6) = English o in lot. 
't For u see above. 



PRONUNCIATION 15 

French oi (oa) = French 6 and a, pronounced in 
rapid succession. 

French ou (00) = Enghsh 00 in boot. 

CAUTION. 

a in French never is the English a vafate. 
i " " " i in mine. 

e " " " e in he. 

u " " " u in mule. 

CONSONANTS. 

ch = English sh, as in English chagrin, but never 
as in child, 
j is only the second half of the English j, the 

first, the d part, being omitted. 
c = English c; When it is to be pronounced 
like c in ice before a or ^ or u, it is written and 
printed 9. 
th =t. 

r is rolled back in the mouth, except after ou. 

re at the end of a word is not er. Theatre is 

tkatr\ not Uater. Get ready for the e as in 

Trent, but do not pronounce it. The same 

holds good of the endings cle, ble, and others. 

g = English g in go before a, o, u ; like French 

j before e, i. 
s = English s in sole; between two vowels like 

English z. 
h is silent. 

SIGNS. 

The sign - over a vowel shows it is long. 

The sign yj over a vowel shows it is short. 

Italics show that a word or a syllable has a nasal 
sound. 

The hyphen joins words or syllables that should 
go together. 

CAUTION. 

The tonic accent in French is very slight. Raise 
the voice a little — but only just a little — on the last 
syllable of words connected by sense and uttered 
in one breath. In poussez fort = poo-se-for 
(push hard), the tonic accent is on "for," those on 
"poo" and "se" being secondary. In poiissez la 
porte = poo-se-1a-p6rt, the tonic accent is oF 



l6 PRONUNCIATION 

"port," as the final "e" is mute. For other 
syllables observe, as far as you can, the quantity 
indicated by the signs - or o, remembering that k 
is sharp and short, and ^ is broad and long. 

A LAST PIECE OF ADVICE. 

If, in spite of all these precious hints, you can 
not make yourselves understood — and I shouldn't 
scold you if you couldn't — show to the person 
addressed the sentence you cannot speak. I did 
that once in a German postoffice at Darmstadt, 
and the native official thereof smiled a broad 
smile. 

And, if that won't do, well, stick to dumb show, 
like Thomas Hood: 

" Moo! I cried for milk. 
I got my sweet things snugger, 
When I kissed Jeannette ; 
'Twas understood for sugar. 
If I wanted bread. 
My jaws I set a-going, 
And asked for new-laid eggs 
By clapping hands and crowing!" 



WORDS Ar 

j 


^D PHRASES 


Cardinal Numbers. 


NOMBRES CaRDINAUX. 




Nonhv' car-di-n6. 


! One 


un. 




tin. 


, Two. 


deux. 




de. 


Three. 


trois. 


' 


troa (6a-diphthong). 


Four. 


quatre. 




catr'. 


Five. 


cinq. 




si'n]^ {sin bef . consonants.) 


Six. 


six. 




sis (si bef. consonants). 


Seven. 


sept. 




set (se bef. consonants). 


Eight. 


huit. 




iiit (iii bef, consonants). 


Nine. 


neuf. 




nef (ne bef. consonants). 


Ten. 


dix. 




dis (di bef. consonants) . 


Eleven. 


onze. 




onz. 


Twelve, 


douze. 




dooz. 


Thirteen. 


treize. 




trez. 


Fourteen. 


quatorze. 




ca-torz. 


Fifteen. 


quinze. 




kinz. 


Sixteen. 


seize. 




sez. 


Seventeen. 


dix-sept. 




diz-set. 



i8 


NUMBERS 


Eighteen. 


dix-huit. 
diz-iiit. 


Nineteen. 


dix-neui. 
diz-nef. 


Twenty. 


vingt. 
vin. 


Twenty-one. 


vingt et un. 
vin-te-un. 


Twenty-two. 


vingt-deux. 
2//«t-de. 


Twenty-three. 


vingt-trois, etc. 
vz'nt-tvoa., etc. 


Thirty. 


trente. 
trant. 


Thirty-one. 


trente et un. 
iran-t&un. 


Thirty-two. 


trente-deux 
trant-^Q. 


Forty. 


quarante. 
Q.a.-rant. 


Fifty. 


cinquante. 
sin-ca7it. 


Sixty. 


soixante. 
soa-sant. 


Seventy. 


soixante-dix. 
s6a-i'<a:;^t-diss. 


Seventy-one, 


soixante et onze. 
s,oa.-san-tQ-onz. 


Eighty. 


quatre-vingts. 
ca.-tve-vin, 


Eighty-one. 


quatre-vingt-un. 
csi-tve'Vin-un. 


Ninety. 


quatre-vingt-dix, 

ca-tre-t;z>z-diss. 


Ninety-one. 


quatre-vingt-onze 
QSi-tve-vzn-onz, 


One hundred. 


cent. 




san. 


One hundred and 


one. cent un. 




san-uur 



NUMBERS 



19 



Two hundred. 



Three hundred. 



One thousand. 



One thousand and one. 



Ten thousand. 



deux cents. 

de-san. 

trois cents. 

ivoa-san. 

mille 

mil. 

mille un. 
mil-un. 

dix mille. 
di-mil. 



Ordinal Numbers. 

First. 

Second. 

Second of two. 

Third. 

Fourth. 

Fifth. 

Sixth. 

Seventh. 

Eighth. 

Ninth. 

Tenth. 

Eleventh. 

Twelfth. 



NOMBRES OrDINAUX. 

Nonhv' 6r-di-n6. 

premier, 
pre-mie. 

deuxieme. 
de-ziem. 

second. 
se-gon. 

troisieme. 
troa-ziem. 

quatrieme. 
ca-triem. 

cinquieme. 
j/Vz-kiem. 

sixieme. 
si-ziem. 

septieme. 
se-tiem. 

huitieme. 
iii-tiem. 

neuvieme. 
ne-viem. 

dixieme. 
di-ziem. 

onzieme. 
on-ziem. 

douxieme. 
doo-ziem. 



20 



NUMBERS 



Thirteenth. 

Fourteenth. 

Fifteenth. 

Sixteenth. 

Seventeenth. 

Eighteenth. 

Nineteenth. 

Twentieth. 

Twenty-first. 

I'wenty-second. 

Twenty-third, etc. 

Thirtieth. 

Thirty-first 

Thirty-second. 

Fortieth. 

Fiftieth. 

Sixtieth. 

Seventieth. 

Seventy-first. 

Eightieth. 



treizieme. 
tre-ziem. 

quatorzieme. 
ca-tor-ziem. 

quinzieme. 
kin-7\hrsi. 

seizieme. 
se-ziem. 

dix-septieme. 
dis-se-tiem. 

dix-huitieme. 
diz-iii-tiem. 

dix-neuvieme. 
diz-ne-viem. 

vingtieme. 
vin-Whm.. 

vingt et unieme. 
•z/2>z-te-ii-niem. 

vingt-deuxieme. 
vmt-de-ziem. 

vingt-troisieme, etc. 
■z/2>?t-troa-ziem. 

trentieme. 
tran-tiem. 
trente et unieme. 
tr a7t- te-u-mem. 

trente-deuxieme. 
trant-de-zlem. 

quarantieme. 
ca-ran-tiem. 

cinquantieme. 
sm-can-tiem. 
soixantieme. 
s6a,-san-t\em. 
. soixante-dixieme. 
s6a-sant-di-zi\iTa.. 

soixante et oiiziome. 
s6a-san-te-on zicm, 

qu atre-vingtieme. 
ca-tre-'Z//;/-tie:n. 



NUMBERS 



21 



Eighty-first. 

Ninetieth. 

Ninety-first. 

One hundredth. 

One hundred and first. 

Two hundredth. 

Three hundredth. 

One thousandth. 

One thousand and first. 

Ten thousandth. 

Once. 

Twice. 

Three times. 

Simple. 

Double. 

Threefold. 

Whole. 

Half. 

One-third. 

One-fourth. 



quatre-vingt-unieme. 
ca-tre-7''/;/-ii-niera. 

quatre-vingt-dixieme. 
ca-tre-7//?z-di-ziem . 
quatre-vingt-onzieme. 
csL-tre-vm-on-ziem. 

centieme. 
san-tiem. 

cent unieme. 
san-n-niem. 

deux centieme. 
de-san-tiem. 

trois centieme. 
tr6a-j'(i';/-tiem. 

milHeme. 
mil-iem. 

mil unieme. 
mil-ii-niem. 

dix millieme. 
di-mil-iem. 
une fois. 
iin-foa. 
deux fois. 
de-foa. 
trois fois. 
troa-foa. 

simple. 
sm-pV. 

double, 
doo-bl'. 
triple, 
tri-pr. 

entier, entiere. 
an-tie, an-tiev. 
demi, demie. 
de-mi, de-mi 

un tiers. 
iin tier. 

un quart. 
un car 



22 



DAYS-MONTHS 



The Days of the 


Les Jours de la 


Week. 


Semaine. 






Le-joor-( 


ie-la-smen. 


Sunday. 




Dimanche. 
di-mansh. 




Monday. 




Lundi. 
/un-di. 




Tuesday. 




Mardi. 
mar-di. 




Wednesday, 




Mercredi. 
mer-cre-di. 




Thursday. 




Jeudi. 
je-di. 




Friday. 




Vendredi. 
van-dre-di. 




Saturday. 




Samedi. 
sam-di. 




Months. 


Les Mois. 






Le- 


■moa. 


January. 




Janvier. 
jan-vie. 




February. 




Fevrier. 
fe-vrie. 




March. 




Mars, 
mars. 




April. 


May. 


Avril. 


Mai. 






a-vril. 


me. 


June. 


July. 


Juin. 


JuilloL. 






jii-/«. 


jiii-ie. 


August. 




Aout. 
oo. 




September. 




Septembre. 
sep-^anhr\ 




October. 




Octobre. 
oc-tobr'. 




November. 




Novembre. 
no-vanhr'. 




December. 




Decembre. 
de-sanhr'. 





THE YEAR 



23 



Seasons. 
In the spring. 

In the summer. 
In the autumn. 

In the winter. 



Bank Holidays 
IN France. 



New Year's Day. 

Easter Monday. 

Ascension Day. 

Whitmonday. 

The National Hohday. 

The 14th of July. 

Assumption Day. 
All Saints' Day. 
Christmas Day. 

Other Holidays. 

Shrove Tuesday. 
Mid-Lent. 



Les Saisons. 
'L6-s6-zon. 

Au printemps. 
o-prin-tan. 

En ete. 
««-ne-te. 

En automne. 
an-VLO-\.oTi. 

En hiver. 
an-m.-vhx. 

Jours Feries en 

France. 

Joor-fe-rie an-frans. 

Le jour de I'an. 

le-joor-de-/<^;z. 

Le lundi de Paques. 

le-/?^;^-did-pac. 

L'Ascension. 

\si-san-sion. 

Le lundi de la Pentecote. 
le-lun-did-la-pant-cot 
La fete nationale. 
la-fet na-sio-nal. 

Le quatorze Juillet. 
le-catorz-jiii-ie. 

L'Assomption. 
la-sonp-sion. 

La Toussaint. 
la-too-j-m. 

Noel. 
n6el. 

Autres jours Feries. 
otr' joor-fe-rie. 

Le Mardi gras. 
le-mar-di-gra. 

La mi-careme. 
la-mi-ca-rem. 



24 TO 


HAVE 


Three Tenses 

OF "Have." 

(Present.) 


Trois Temps d'Avo 
Tr6a-/<^//-da-v6ar. 
(Present.) 
Pre-^-(3!«, 


I have. 


J'ai. 


He has. 


je. 
11 a. 
il-a. 


We have. 


Nous avons. 




noo-za.-vo?t. 


You have. 


Vous avez. 




voo-za-ve. 


They (m. ) have. 


lis ont. 
\\-zon. 


(Future.) 


(Futur.) 
Fii-tiir. 



1 



I shall not have. 
She will not have. 
We shall not have. 
You will not have. 
They (f. ) will not have. 

(Perfect.) 

Have I had? 
Has he had? 
Have we had? 
Have you had? 
Have they (m. ) had? 



Je n'aurai pas. 
je-no-re-pa. 

EUe n'aura pas. 
el-no-ra-pa. 

Nous n'aurons pas. 
noo-n6-r(9;z-pa. 
Vous n'aurez pas. 
voo-no-re-pa. 

Elles n'auront pas. 
el-n6-r^?z-pa. 

(Parfait.) 
Par-fe. 

Ai-je-eu? 
ej-ii ? 

A-t-il eu? 
a-til-ii ? 

Avons- nous eu? 
a-vo/t-noo-zn ? 

Avez-vous eu? 
a-ve-voo-zii. 

Ont-ils eu? 
on -ti\-n. 



'1 U l^ K 



25 



Three Tenses of "Be." 

(Present) 
I am. 
He is. 
We are. 
You are. 
They (m.) are. 

(Future. ) 
I shall not be. 
She will not be. 
We shall not be. 
You will not be. 
They (f . ) will not be. 

(Perfect.) 
Have I been? 
Has he been? 
Have we been? 
Have you been? 
Have they (m.) been? 



' Trois Temps d'Etre. 
Tr6a-/<7;/-detr'. 

(Present.) 

Pre zan. 
Je suis. 
je-slii. 
II est. 
il-e. 

Nous sommes. 
noo-som. 

Vous etes. 
voo-zet. 

lis sont. 
il-son. 

■ (Futur.) 
Fii-tiir. 

Je ne serai pas. 
jen-sre-pa. 

Elle ne sera pas. 
eln-sra-pa. 

Nous ne serons pas. 
noon-iT^;/-pa. 

Vous ne serez pas. 
voon-sre-pa. 

Elles ne seront pas. 
eln-5r^?z-pa. 

(Parfait.) 
Par-fe. 

Ai-je ete? 
ej-ete? 
A-t-il ete? 
a-til-ete ? 

Avons-nous ete? 
a-^/f^/z-noo-zete ? 

Avez-vous ete? 
a-ve-voo-zete ? 
Ont-ils ete? 
^/z-til-ete ? 



20 ADJECTIVES 


Common Adjectives. 


Adjectifs Usuels, 




Ad- j ec-tif-iiziiel. 


(a) Color. 


(a) Couleur. 




Coo-ler. 




(m.) (f.) 


Black. 


Noir, noire. 




noar, noar. 


Blue. 


Bleu, bleue. 




ble, ble. 


Green. 


Vert, verte. 




ver, vert. 


Red. 


Rouge, rouge. 




rooj, rooj. 


White. 


Blanc, blanche. 




d/an, d/ansh. 


(d) Dimension. 


(d) Dimension. 




D\-7nan-slon. 


Broad, wide. 


Large, large. 




larj, larj. 


Great, large. 


Grand, grande. 




gran, gran6.. 


Long. 


Long, longue. 




Ion, long. 


Narrow. 


Etroit, etroite. 




6-tr6a, e-troat. 


Round. 


Rond, ronde. 




ron, rond.. 


Short. 


Court, courte. 




coor, coort. 


Small. 


Petit, petite. 




pe-ti, pe-tit. 


Square. 


Carre, carree. 




ca-re, ca-re. 


Thick. 


Epais, epaisse. 




e-pe, e-pes. 


Thin. 


Mince, mince. 




mzns, mz'ns,. 



PARTS OF BODY 



27 



Common Adjectives 
{continued). 

{c) Miscellaneous. 
Clean. 
Dirty. 
Dusty. 
Left. 
Muddy, 
Right. 
Torn. 

Unsewn, ripped. 
With holes in it. 

The Human Body 
The ankle. 
The right arm. 
The calf. 
The chest. 
The chin. 
The elbow. 
The eyes. 
The eyelids. 



Adjectifs Usuels 
{suite) (J-iiit). 

{c) Divers. 
Di-ver. 

Propre, propre. 
propr', propr'. 

Sale, sale, 
sal, sal. 

Poudreux, poudreuse. 
poo-dre, poo-drez. 

Gauche, gauche, 
gosh, gosh, 

Crotte, crottee. 
cro-te, cro-te. 

Droit, droite, 
droa, droat. 

Dechire, dechiree, 
de-shi-re, de-shi-re. 
Decousu, decousue. 
de-coo-zii, de-coo-zii. 

Troue, trouee. 
troo-e, troo-e. 

Le Corps Humain 
L,e-Qb-rvi-min. 
La cheville. 
la-shvi-ye. 

Le bras droit, 
le-bra-droa. 

Le mollet. 
le-mo-le. 

La poitrine. 

la-poa-trin, 

Le menton. 

\e-?nan-ton. 

Le coude. 

le-cood. 

Les yeux, 

le-zie. 

Les paupieres. 

le-po-pier. 



28 



PARTS OF BODY 



The Human Body 
{continued). 
The foot. 

The forehead. 

The hair. 

The right, left hand. 

The instep. 

The knee. 

The leg. 

The lips. 

The mustache. 

The mouth. 

The neck. 

The nose. 

The shoulder. 

The teeth. 

The throat. 

The thumb. 

The toes. 

The tongue. 

The whiskers. 

The wrist. 



Le Corps Humain 

{suite) (siiit). 

Le pied. 

le-pie. 

Le front. 

\h-f7'on. 

Les cheveux. 

le-she-ve. 

La main droite, gauche. 

la-;;/2>z-dr6at, gosh. 

Le cou-de-pied. 

le-cood-pie. 

Le genou. 

le-jnoo. 

La jambe. 

Xsi-j a7ih. 

Les levres. 

le-levr'. 

La moustache. 

la-moos-tash. 

La bouche. 

la-boosh. 

Le cou, 

le-coo. 

Le nez. 

le-ne. 

L'epaule. 

Ie-p5l. 

Les dents. 

\k.-dan. 

Li a. gorge. 

la-gorj. 

Le pouce. 

le-poos. 

Les doigts de pied. 

le-doad-pie. 

La langue. 

\a.-iang. 

Les favoris. 

le-fa-vo-ri. 

Le poignet. 

Ie-p6a-nie. 



THE WEATHER 



29 



Fine and Bad 
Weather. 



! It is fine (weather). 

It is bad. 

It is hot. 

It is cold. 

It is muddy. 

It is sunny. 

It is foggy. 

It is misty. 

It is clear. 

It is dark. 

It is raining. 

It is raining hard. 

It is lightning. 

It is thundering. 

It is getting too cool for 
rrfe. 

It is freezing. 
A shower. 



Beau et Mauvais 

Temps. 

Bo e-mo-ve tan. 

II fait beau. 
11 fe bo. 

II fait mauvais. 
il fe mo-ve. 

II fait chaud. 
il fe sho. 

II fait froid. 
il fe f roa. 

II fait de la boue. 
il fe de-la-boo. 

II fait du soleil. 
il fe dii-s6-leye. 

II fait du brouillard. 
11 fe dii-broo-iar. 

II fait de la brume. 
11 fe de-la-briim. 

II fait clair. 
11 fe cler. 

II fait sombre, 
il fe soiihr'. 

II pleut. 
il pie. 

II pleut a verse, 
il ple-a-vers. 
II eclaire. 
il e-cler. 

II tonne, 
il ton. 

II commence a faire trop 

froid pour moi. 
il-c6-m«?z-sa-fer tro-froa 

poor-moa. 

II gele. 
il-jel. 

Une ondee. 
iin-<7;z-de. 



30 



THE WEATHER 



Fine and Bad 
Weather 

{contmued). 
A storm (on land). 

A storm (at sea). 

A rough passage. 

A smooth passage. 

The glass is rising. 

The glass is going 
down. 

The heat is intolerable. 

The heat is oppressive. 

A thunderstorm is com- 
ing. 

It will bring relief. 

It is very damp. 

It is hotter than yester- 
day. 

There is no breeze. 

A breeze is springing 
up. 

How delicious! 



Beau et Mauvais 
Temps 

{suite) (siiit). 

Un orage, 
un-no-r2i]. 

Une tempete. 

iin-/<a:/z-pet. 

Une mauvaise traversee. 

iin-mo-vez tra-ver-se. 

Une bonne traversee. 
iin-bon tra-ver-se. 

Le barometre monte. 
le-ba-ro-metr' jnont. 

Le barometre descend, 
le-ba-ro-metr' 6.e-san. 

La chaleur est intoler- 
able. 

la s.ha-le-re-t2>2-t6-le-rabl. 

La chaleur est etouf- 
fante. 

la sha-le-re-te-too-f«;z-t. 

Nous allons avoir u n 
orage. 

r\.oo-zsi\- 1 on a-v6ar un-no- 
raj. 

Cela rafraichira 1' atmos- 
phere. 

sla ra-fre-shi-ra lat-mos- 
fer. 

II fait tres humide. 
il fe tre-sii-mid. 

II fait plus chaud qu' 

hier. 
il fe plii-sho ki-er. 

II n'y a pas de vent, 
il ni-a--pad- van. 
Voila une brise d'air. 
via iin-briz-der. 

C'est delicieux! 
se de-li-si-e. 



PHRASES 



31 



Sensation and 
Feeling. 



A Few Phrases. 

I am cold. 

He is hot. 
We are hungry. 
You are thirsty. 
They are sleepy. 

I shan't be right. 
She won't be wrong. 
We shan't be afraid. 



You won't be twenty 
years old. 

They (f.) won't need 
any money. 



My feet are cold. 
His hands are warm. 



We have got a head- 
ache. 



Sensation et 

Sentiment. 

San-sa.-swn e San-ti- 

man. 

Quelques Locutions. 
Kel-ke-16-cii-si6'/2. 

J'ai froid. 
je-froa. 

I] a chaud. 
il-a-sho. 

Nous avons faim. 
noo-zk-von-fin. 
Vous avez soif . ^ 
voo-za-ve-s6af. 
lis ont sommeil. 
il-5'£'/z-s6-meye. 



Je n'aurai pas raison. 
je-n6-re-pa-re-2'^;^. 
Elle n'aura pas tort, 
el-no-ra-pa-tor. 

Nous n'aurons pas peur. 
noo-no-r^/z-pa-per. 

Vous n'aurez pas vingt 

ans. 
voo-no-re-pa-T///?-/^;?. 

Elles n'auront pas besoin 

d' argent. 
el-no-ron-psi-be-zom-dar- 
jan. 



J'ai froid aux pieds. 
je-froa-o-pie. 

II a chaud aux mains. 
il-a-sh6-6-/;fz>2. 

Nous avons mal a la 

tete. 
noo-za-'Z/6'?2-ma-la-la-tet. 



32 



DRESS 



She is shivering. 
I am catching cold. 
You will catch cold. 



You are sitting in a 
draught. 



I am in perspiration. 

Are you comfortable? 

Wrap yourself u p 
better ! 

I am as warm as can 
be. 



Elle grelotte. 

el gre-lot. 

Je m'enrhume. 

je ///«;z-riim. 

Vous allez vous 

enrhumer. 
voo-za-le-voo-^-f^/z-rii-me. 
Vous etes assis dans un 

courant d'air. 
voo-ze-ta-si dan-zun-\oo- 

ran-dev. 

Je suisycn nage. 
je-siii dn-naj. 

Etes-vous a votre aise .'' 
et-voo a votr-ez. 

Couvrez-vous d a v a n - 

tage ! 
koo-vre-voo da-van-ta.]. 
J'ai aussi chaud que 

possible, 
je-o-si-sho ke p6-sibl. 



Dress (Male). 

The belt (the buckle). 

The bicycling shoes. 

The buttoned boots. 

The cap. 

The collar. 

The collar-button. 

The cotton shirt. 



Les Vetements 

(HOMMES). 

Lie-vet-man {o^n). 

La ceinture (la boucle). 
la-s///-tiir (la-boocl'). 

Les souliers de bicyclette. 
le-soo-lied-bi~si-clet. 
Les bottines a boutons. 
le-b6-ti-na-boo-/^/z. 

La casquette. 
la-cas-ket. 

Le faux-col. 
le-fo-c61. 

Le bouton de col. 
le-boo-/6';z-de-c61. 

La chemise de coton. 
Ia-shraiz-de-c6-/^;/. 



DRESS 



33 



Dress (Male) 

{continued). 
The cuffs. 
The cutaway coat. 
The Derby hat. 

The drawers. 
The faucy shirt. 
The flannel shirt. 
The gaiters. • 
The garters. 

The jacket. 
The kid gloves. 
The laced boots. 
The linen shirt. 
The links. 

The mackintosh. 
The neckerchief. 
The necktie. 
The overcoat. 



Les Vetements 

(HOMMES) 

{suite) (siiit). 

Les manchettes. 
le-;;/rt:;z-shet. 

La jaquette. 
la-ja-ket. 

Le melon, le chapeau 

rond. 
le-mV<3?/, le-sha-po-r*?'??. 

Le calegon. 
le-kal-i-^??. 

La chemise de couleur. 
la-shmiz-de-coo-ler. 

La chemise de flanelle. 
la-shmiz-de-fla-nel. 

Les guetres. 
le-getr'. 

Les jarretieres. 
le- jar-tier. 

Le veston. 
le-ves-/6';2. 

Les gants de peau, 
le-^«?zd-po. 

Les brodequins. 
le-brod-/^/;z. 

La chemise de toile. 
la-shmiz-de-toal. 

Les boutons de man- 
chettes. 
le-boo-/^?zd-;;/rt;;z-shet. 
Le caoutchouc, 
le-ca-oot-shoo. 

Le foulard, 
le foo-lar. 

La cravate. 
la-cra-vat. 

Le pardessus. 
le-par-de-sii. 



34 



DRESS 



Dress (Male) 
{continued). 
The pair of trousers. 

The patent leather 
shoes. 

The Prince Albert coat. 

The pumps. 

The shoes. 

The sleeves. 

The suspenders. 

The slippers. 

The socks. 

The soft felt hat. 

The stockings. 

The straw hat. 

The tail (dress) coat. 

The silk hat. 

The ulster. 

The under-vest (flan- 
nel). 

The waistcoat (the 
buttons). 

The white shirt. 



Les Vetements 

(HOMMES) 

{suite) (siiit). 

Le pantalon. 
\h-pan-tSi-lon. 

Les souliers vernis. 
le-soo-lie ver-ni. 

La redingote. 
Xsi-re-din-got. 

Les escarpins. 
le-zes-car-^z>/. 

Les souliers. 
le-soo-lie. 

Les manches. 
\e-mans\i. 

Les bretelles. 
le-bre-tel. 

Les pantoufles. 
\e-pan-\.oof^\ 

Les chausettes. 
le-sho-set. 

Le chapeau de feutre. 
le-sha-pod-fetr'. 

Les bas. 

le-ba. 

Le chapeau de paille. 
Ie-sha-p6d-paye. 

L' habit noir. 
la-bi-noar. 

Le chapeau haut de 

forme. 

le-sha-po-od-form. 

L 'ulster, 
liil-ster. 

Le gilet de flanelle. 
le-ji-led-fla-nel. 

Le gilet (les boutons). 
le-ji-le (le-boo-/^;z). 
La chemise blanche, 
la-shmiz blansh. 



DRESS 



35 



Dress (Female). 

The bodice. 

The bonnet. 

The cap. 

The chemise. 

The cloak. 

The drawers. 

The dress. 

The dressing-gown. 

The dust-cloak. 

The ear-rings. 

The fancy petticoat. 

The hat. 

The open-work stock- 
ings. 

The opera cloak. 

The ring. 

The shawl. 

The silk stockings. 

The skirt. 

The stays. 

The white petticoat. 



Les Vetements (Femmes). 
Le-vet-man (fam). 

Le corsage. 

Ie-c6r-saj. 

La capote. 
Ia-ca-p6t. 

Le bonnet, la toque, 
le-bo-ne, la-toc. 

La chemise. 

la-shmiz. 

Le manteau. 

\e-man-to. 

Le pantalon. 

le-pan-ta,-/on. 

La robe. 

la-rob. 

Le peignoir. 

le-pe-nyoar. 

Le cache-poussiere. 

le-cash-poo-sier. 

Les boucles d'oreilles. 
le-boo-cle-do-reye. 
Le jupon de couleur. 
le-jii-^<'^;^d-coo-ler. 
Le chapeau. 
Ie-sha-p6. 
Les bas a jour, 
le-ba-a-joor. 

La sortie de bal. 

la-sor-tid-bal. 

La bague. 

la-bag. 

Le ch§,le. 

le-shal. 

Les bas de soie. 

Ie-bad-s6a. 

La jupe. 

la-jiip. 

Le corset. 

Ie-c6r-se. 

Le jupon blanc. 

le-jvL-pon-d/an. 



36 



TRAVELING REQUISITES 



Travelixg Requisites. 

The trunk. 
The button-hook. 
The clothes-brush. 
The comb. 
The hair-brush. 
The hat-box. 
The nail-brush. 
The needle. 
The pins. 
The razor. 
The scissors. 
The soap. 
The straps. , 
The sunshade. 
The thread. 
The tooth-brush. 
The traveling-rug. 
The umbrella. 
The valise. 



Articles de Voyage. 

Ar-ticl' de-v6a-iaj'. 

La malle. 
la-mal. 

Le tire-bouton. 
le-tir-boo-/<?;z. 

La brosse a habits. * 
la-bro-sa-a-bi. 
Le peigne. 
le-penye. 

La brosse a cheveux. 
la-bro-sa-shve. 

Le carton a chapeau. 
le-car-/^;z-a-sha-po. 

La brosse a ongles. 
la-bro-sa- ongV. 

L 'aiguille, 
le-giiiye. 

Les epingles. 
le-ze-pmgV . 

Le rasoir. 
Ie-ra-z6ar. 

Les ciseaux. 
le-si-zo. 
Le savon. 
le-sa-z'on. 
Les courroies. 
le-coor-roa. 

L'ombrelle. 

/^;;-brel. 

Le fil. 

le-fil. 

La brosse a dents. 

\a.-hv6-s,a.-{ifan. 

La couverture de voyage, 
la-coo- ver-tiir-de-v6a-iaj , 

Le parapluie. 
le-pa-ra-pliii. 

La valise, 
la-va-liz. 



THE TIME 



37 



- To Ask and Tell the 
Time. 

What time is it? 

It is 12 o'clock (noon). 

It is midnight. 

It' is I o'clock a. m. 

It is a quarter past i. 

It is half past i. 

It is a quarter to 2. 

It is 2 o'clock p. m. 

It is 5 minutes past 2. 
It is 25 minutes past 2. 

It is 25 minutes to 3. 

It is 5 minutes to 3. 

Have you the right time? 

Have you got the rail- 
way time? 

Is your watch right? 



Pour Demander et 
Dire L'Heure. 
Poor-de-;;/rt;/-de-e-d.ir-ler 

Quelle heure est-il? 

kel-er-e-til ? 

I] est midi. 

il-e-mi-di. 

II est minuit. 

il-e-mi-niii. 

11 est une heure du matin. 

il-e-tii-ner dii-ma-//>/. 

II est une heure et quart, 
il-e-tii-ner-e-car. 

II est une heure et demie. 
il-e-tii-ner-ed-mi. 

II est une heure trois 

quarts, 
il-e-tii-ner-troa-car. 
II est deux heures de 

I'apres-midi. 
il-e-de-zer-dla-pre-midi. 
II est deux heures cinq. 
il-e-de-zer-j-/«k. 

II est deux heures vingt- 

cinq. 
il-e-de-zer-'Z//«t-^/;^k. 
II est trois heures moins 

vingt-cinq. 
il -e-troa-zer-mo/;? vml- 

smk. 
II est trois heures moins 

cinq. 
il-e-tr6a-zer-m6/;z-j'/;zk. 
Avez-vous I'heure juste? 
a-ve-voo-ler jiist ? 

Avez-vous I'heure du 

chemin de fer? 
a-ve-voo-ler dush-;///;/d- 

fer. 
Votre montre va-t-elle 

bien? 
votr ino7itx' va-tel \Ain ? 



38 



THE TIME 



My watch is 5 minutes 
slow. 



My watch is half an 
hour fast. 



What time do you 
make it? 

Two to 2. 

I am 2 to 2 too. 



Phrases of Time. 

To-day. 

Yesterday. 

The day before yester- 
day. 

To-morrow. 

The day after to-mor- 
row. 
In a week. 

In a fortnight. 

A week ago. 

A fortnight ago. 

Now. 

Later on. 



Ma montre retarde de 

cinq minutes. 
Tna.-montv' re-tard' de sm 

mi-niit. 

Ma montre avance d'une 

demi-heure. 
TQSi-montT' a-vans diin 

de-mi-er. 

Quelle heure avez-vous? 
kel-er-ave-voo ? 

Deux heures moins deux, 
de-zer mom-de. 

J'ai deux heures moins 

deux aussi. 
je-de-zer mom de 6-si. 

Locutions de Temps. 
L6-cii-si<?/z de-/a«. 

Aujoiird'hui. 

o-joor-diii. 

Hier. 

ier. 

Avant-hier. 
a-van-tier. 

Demain. 
de-mm. 

Apres-demain. 
a,--pved-mm. 

Dans huit jours. 
dan-m-joor. 

Dans quinze jours. 
dan-kinz-]oor. 

II y a huit jours, 
il-ia-iii-joor. 

II y a quinze jours. 
il-ia-/^/;?z-joor. 

Maintenant. 
mmt-nan. 

Plus tard 
plii-tar. 



THE TIME 



39 



This morning. 

This afternoon. 

This evening. 

Next Sunday. 

Last Sunday. 

Next week. 

Last week. 

Next month. 

Last month. 

To-morrow week. 

To-morrow fortnight. 

A week ago yesterday. 

Two weeks ago yester- 
day. 

Every day. 

Every morning. 

Every evening. 

The whole day. 

Half an hour. 

Half a day. 

Three quarters of an 
hour. 



Ce matin. 

sma-//«. 

Cette apres-midi. 

set-apre-mi-di. 

Ce soir. 

se-s6ar. 

Dimanche prochain. 

6.\-man^'h-^r OS kin. 

Dimanche dernier. 

di-;/?a«sh-der-nie. 

La semaine prochaine. 
la-smen-pro-shen. 

Le semaine derniere. 
la-smen-der-nier. 

Le mois prochain. 
\e-m.6si-^r OS kin. 
Le mois dernier, 
le-moa-der-nie. 
De demain en huit. 
de-de-;;z/;2 an-mt. 

De demain en quinze. 
de-de-?;^/;/ an-kiftz. 

II y a eu hier huit jours, 
il-ia-ii-ier-iii-joor. 

II y a eu hier quinze 

jours. 
\\-\Si-Vi-\hr-kinz-]oov. 
Tous les jours. 
too-16-joor. 
Tous les matins 
too-le-ma-/2>?. 
Tous les soirs. 
too-le-s6ar. 
Toute la journ6e. 
toot-la-joor-ne. 
Une demi-heure. 
iin-de-mi-er. 
Une demi-journee. 
iin-de-mi-joor-ne 
Trois quarts d'heure. 
troa-car-der. 



46 



THE TIME 



The whole morning; 

The whole evening. 

It is late. 

I am late. 

You are late. 

It is getting late. 

I am early. 

You are early. 

It is too early in the 
day. 

Early this morning. 

The night before. 

The following morning. 

Don't hurry. 

Hurry up. 

Let us be quick. 

Let us take it easy. 

There is plenty of time. 

Wait a minute. 

Wait for me, please. 



Toute la matinee, 
toot-la-ma-ti-ne. 

Toute la soiree, 
toot-la-soa-re. 
II est tard. 
il-e-tar. 

Je suis en retard. 
je-sm-zanv-tar. 

Vous etes en retard. 
voo-zet-zanr-tav. 

II se fait tard. 
ils-fe-tar. 

Je suis en avance. 
je-sni-zan-na-vans. 

Vous 6tes en avance. 
voo-zht-zan-na-vafis. 

II est trop matin, 
il-e iro-vaa-tm. 

Ce matin de bonne heure. 
se-ma-h'nd bon-er 

La veille. 
la veye. 

Le lendemain. 
le /and-7m'n. 

Ne vous pressez pas. 
ne-voo-pre-se-pa. 

Pressez-vous. 
pre-se-voo. 

Depechons-nous. 
de--pe-s/ion-Tioo. 

Ne nous foulons pas 
ne-noo-foo-/(9;^-pa. 

II y a bien le temps. 
i\-\a-\Am-\h-tan. 

Attendez une minute. 
at-ta?i-de iin-mi-niit. 

Attendez - moi, s'il vous 

plait. 
at-Az^z-de-moa si-voo-ple. 



II. CONVERSATIONS FOR TOURISTS 

ON BOARD SHIP 

The American tourist, crossing over on the 
French, German, Dutch or Belgian hnes of 
steamers, will have no trouble in making himself 
understood, since the officers and stewards all 
speak English to some extent. But it will be both 
pleasant and advantageous to have on hand a few 
sentences in the French language on which to 
practice with friends and companions. It will 
be an opening wedge, so to speak, into the treas- 
ure-house of a foreign language. Nothing could 
be more practical than to get hold of a fellow- 
passenger, also anxious to "improve his French," 
and to employ a portion of the six or eight days of 
absolute leisure in looking over Lee's Guide to 
Paris and becoming thoroughly familiar with 
its contents. If the party of the second part 
should know a little more French than the party 
of the first part, all the better, as many minor 
difficulties could be effectually smoothed over, and 
satisfactory results more quickly secured. 
Remember, the only possible preparation for 
speaking French is — speaking French. 

Good morning, Sir, Bonjour, Monsieur, Ma- 
Madam, Miss.* dame, Mademoiselle.* 

don-jooT me-si-e m^- 
dam, mad-moa-zel. 
How do you do? Comment vous portez- 

vous. 
£an-man-YOO-p6v-te-voo7 
Well— not well, thank Bien — pas bien, merci, 
you. Sir, etc. Monsieur, etc. 

bi - m — pa-bi-/« mer - si 
me-si-e. 



*When speaking French, do not tack the family name to 
the "Monsieur." etc. It is bad form. 

41 



42 



ON BOARD SHIP 



Have you had the luck 
to escape sea-sick- 
ness? 



I am never sea-sick. 



I am always sea-sick. 



Captain, what kind of 
a trip do you expect? 



I think the crossing will 
be pleasant, this time. 



Head-steward, where is 
my seat? 

Here, at the Captain's 
table, Sir, Madam, 
etc. 

Bring me the wine list, 
please. 



Steward, I do not feel 
well ; bring me some 
biandy. 



Avez-vous eu la chance 
d'echapper au mal de 
mer? 

a-ve-voo-zU la,-s^ans-de- 
sha-pe 6 mald-mer. 

Je ne suis jamais malade 

en mer, 
je-ne-siii ja-me ma-lad an 

mer. 

J'ai toujours le mal de 

mer. 
je too-joor le-mald-mer. 

Commandant, sur quel 

genre de traversee 

comptez-vous? 
con - man - dan, siir-kel- 

j'anr-de-tra-vev-se con- 

te-voo. 

Je crois que la traversee 

sera agreable, cette 

fois-ci. 
je-croa ke la-tra-ver-se 

sra a-gre-abl, set-foa- 

si. 
Maitre d'hotel, ou est ma 

place? 
metr-d5-tel oo-e ma-plas. 

Ici, Monsieur, etc., a la 
table du Commandant. 

i-si-me-si-e, a-la-tabl dii 
co-man-dan. 

Donnez-moi la carte des 
vins, s'il vous plait. 

don-ne-moa la -cart -de 
vin si-voo-ple. 

Gargon, je ne me sens 

pas bien ; apportez-moi 

un cognac, 
gar-^^;^ je-ne v^^-san pa 

bi- in ; a-por-te-moa un 

co-nyak. 



ON BOARD SHIP 



43 



Mr. Purser, I have 
some valuables which 
I wish to place in 
your care. 



Steward, what was the 
day's run this noon? 



They have just posted 
the day's run. 



Captain, do you think 
we shall be in port 
to-morrow? 



At what o'clock? 

Shall we arrive in time 
for the tide? 



I am afraid we'll be too 
late, and obliged to 
use the tender to 
land the passengers. 



Shall we miss the train 
for Paris? 



Monsieur le Commis- 
saire, j'ai quelques 
objets de valeur que 
je desire vous confier. 
me-si-e le ^^'-mi-ser, je 
kelk-zob-jed-va-ler ke 
je-de-zir voo-con-il-e. 

Gargon, combien avions- 
nous fait, a midi? 

gar-son con-hi-m Si-vi-on- 
noo fe a mi-di. 

On vient d'afficher le 
parcours accompli 
dans les dernieres 
vingt-quatre heures. 

on-vi-m da-fi-she le-par- 
coor ac-con-p\i dan le- 
dern-yer vint-csXx-Qr. 

Commandant, croyez- 

vous que nous arrive- 

rons demain? 
co-nian-dan, croa-ie-voo 

ke noo-za-ri-ve-r6'« de- 

min. 
A quelle heure? 
a-kel-er. 
Arriverons-nous a temps 

pour la maree? 
a - ri - ve - ron - noo - a-tan 

poor-la-ma-re. 

J'ai peur que nous 
n'arrivions trop tard. 
Les passagers seront 
debar ques sur le 
remorqueur. 

je-per ke-noo-na-ri-vi-^;/ 
tro - tar. le pa-sa-je 
sro7i de-bar-ke siir le 
re-mor-ker. 

Manquerous-nous le train 

de Paris? 
man-he-ron-noo \e-frmd 

pa-ri. 



44 



ON BOARD SHIP 



No, there is a special 
train waiting. 

How long does it take 
from Havre to Paris? 



About four hours. 

How large a tip must 
be given to the cabin 
steward — 



the cabin stewardess, 

the dining-room 
steward, 

the deck-steward, 

the bath-boy? 

The first three ought to 
be given about lo to 
1 5 francs apiece ; 



The others, *s francs 
apiece. 

And the smoking-room 

steward? 
It depends on the time 

you spent there, and 

the number of drinks 

you ordered. 



Non, il y a un train 

special. 
no7i il-ia un-^rzn-spe-slal. 
Combien dure le trajet 

du Havre a Paris? 
con-hl-m-duv le-tra-je dii- 

havr a-pa-ri. 

Environ quatre heures. 
an-vi-ron catr-er. 

Quel pourboire faut-il 
donner au gargon de 
cabine — 

kel-poor-boar fo-til don- 
ne 5 gar-sond ca-bin, 

• a la f emme de chambre, 
a.-\a.-isimd-s^a7z3r, 
au gargon de table, 
o gaT-so7id tabl, 
au gargon de pont, 
o gsiv-sond pon, 
au gargon de bain? 
5 ga.T-so7id bin. 

Aux trois premiers on 
donne generalement 
de lo a 15 francs, 
chaque ; 

o troa pre-mi-e <7;/-don 
je-ne-ral-;;z<^;z de-di-za- 
kinzfran shac. 

Aux deux autres, cinq 
francs, chaque. 

o-de-zotr sin f ran shac. 

Et le gargon du cafe? 
e le g2LX-son dii ca-fe. 

Cela depend du temps 
que vous avez passe au 
cafe, et du nombre de 
vos consommations. 

sla de-pan dn-/an ke-voo- 
za-ve-pa-se o-ca-fe, e 
du-nonhr de-vo-con- 
s6m-ma-si-^?z. 



ON BOARD SHIP 



45 



[ hope you did not play 
cards for money. 



I never do so, among 
strangers; it is too 
dangerous. 



Goo d-by, Captain; 
many hearty thanks 
for this charming 
trip ; we shall remem- 
ber it for a long time. 



Well, we had a charm- 
ing trip, didn't we? 



Yes, indeed, ladies, and 
you have made it so 
pleasant for me that 
I do not know how to 
thank you. 



Good-by, till then. 



J'espere que vous n'avez- 

pas joue aux cartes 

pour de I'argent. 
jes-per ke-voo-na-ve-pa- 

joo-e-o-cart poor - de - 

lav-Jan. 

Cela ne m'arrive jamais 

avec des etrangers ; 

c'est trop dangereux. 
sla - ne - ma - riv-ja-me a- 

vek 6.e-ze-t?^an-]e se- 

tTb-dan-]e-Te. 

Adieu, Comiiiandant ; 
recevez mes meilleurs 
remerciements p o u r 
cette charmante trav- 
ersee dont nous nous 
souviendrons 1 o n g - 
temps. 

a-di-e co-i7ian-dan re-se- 
ve me-me-yer - re - mer- 
sl-i7ian poor-set-shar- 
jnaiit tra-ver-se, don 
noo - n.oo-'S>oo-v\-in-dron = 
lon-ta7i. 

Eh bien, nous avons eu 
un charmant voyage, 
n'est-ce pas? 
e-bi/;z noo-TAvonz ii un 
shar-?;m?z voa-iaj nes- 
pa. 

Qui vraiment, Mesdames, 
vous me I'avez rendu 
si agreable que je ne 
puis assez vous en re- 
mercier. 

ooi vrh-vaan me-dam voo 
me-la-ve van -dn si- 
a-gre-abr kej-ne piii-za- 
se voo-za7i re-mer-sie. 

Au revoir, alors. 
or-v6ar, a-lor. 



AT THE CUSTOM-HOUSE 

Custom-house officers are a nuisance in all 
countries, but I verily believe that French 
officials are the least aggravating of them all. If 
you don't understand "their nasty gibberish, " as 
that sweet-tempered lady, Mrs. Caudle, christens 
the French language, ask for an interpreter. 
These speaking machines are to be found in most 
custom-houses, and are generally in fairly good 
working order. 

Of course, when you arrive at Havre, Cher- 
bourg, Calais or Boulogne, you must be prepared 
for the worst. It may be your luck to see your 
boxes rummaged and turned topsy-turvy, your 
shirts crumpled by dirty hands. Buxom ladies 
may even run the risk of being spun into another 
room and searched. It is no good making a fuss, 
you must stand by submissively, looking as meek 
as Moses and never uttering a hasty word. 

Greatcoats provided with deep pockets, and 
plenty of them, have been known to prove useful 
receptacles for cigars and cigarettes, although a 
box of 50, or even 100, especially if a few are 
wanting, is not usually charged for. 

All things considered, tell as few lies — begging 
your pardon — as you possibly can, and be law- 
abiding, even abroad. N. B. — French Custom- 
house officers are not, as a rule, open to tips. 



At the Custom-House. A la Douane. 

A-la-doo-an. 

Is this yours? Est-ce a vous §a? 

e-sa-voo sa? 

Is this all you have? Est-ce tout ce que vous 

avez? 
es-toos-ke-voo-za-ve? 
46 



AT THE CUSTOM-HOUSE 



47 



Have you anything to 
declare? 



What have you got in 
here? 

Have you any tobacco, 
cigars? 



Open your box. 

Open your portman- 
teau. 

Is your bicycle new? 



What have I to pay? 

I am going to Ger- 
many, and back 
through Belgium. 



Where do I go now? 



Where shall I get my 
money back? 



Whom shall I write to? 



Where is the inter- 
preter? 

May I skip now? 



Avez-vous quelque chose 

a declarer? 
a - ve - voo-kel-ke-shoz a- 
de-cla-re? 

Qu'avez-vous la-dedans? 
ca,-ve-voo-la,d' dan ? 

Avez-vous du tabac, des 

cigares? 
a - ve - voo - dii - taba, de 

sigar? 

Ouvrez votre malle. 
oo-vre vot mal. 

Ouvrez votre valise, 
oo-vre vot va-liz. 

Votre bicycle est-il 

neuf? 
vot bi-sicl' e-til-nef ? 

Qu'ai-je a payer? 
kej-a-pe-ie? 

Je vais en Allemagne, et 
je rentre par la Bel- 
gique. 

je-ve-^a/z-nal-manye, e- 
je-rantv' par-la-bel-jik. 

Ou faut-il aller main- 

tenant? 
oo-fo-til a-le viint-nait} 

Ou me rendra-t-on mon 

argent? 
oo-vciQ-ran-drk-ton inon- 

nsiV Janl 

A qui faudra-t-il que 

j'ecrive? 
a-ki fo-dra-til ke-je-criv? 

Ou est I'interprete? 
oo-e- Izn-ter- pret? 

Puis je me tirer des flutes 

maintenant? 
piiij-me-ti-re de-fivitjmnt- 

nanl 



ASKING ONE'S WAY 

Once upon a time — this is not a fairy tale, though 
■ — in the vicinity of Moorgate Street Station, in 
the county of Middlesex, London, E. C, a 
bearded foreigner, whose mustache looked like a 
circumflex accent turned up at the ends, was talk- 
ing to a burly policeman. (They are all burly, it 
Avould seem. ) 

"Sir," quoth the foreigner, "would you have the 
obligingness to say me where is it that I am?" 

"I believe you are in the street. Where do you 
want to go to?" 

And the foreign wanderer answered unto him : 

'"I desire to go somewhere, in order to see some 
one, but I have forgotten his name and also the 
name of the street in which he inhabitates. But I 
know that he is a maker of frames." 

And looking complacently down, the p'liceman 
said : 

"Go straight on, turn to the right, then to the 
left, go through the Wool Exchange and you will 
find yourself in Basinghall Street; Gus Rochefort 
is the name of the man. No— (Whoa ! back ! no 
free advertisements here) — and there you are!" 

And there I was indeed ! Wonderful! 

Well, if I had put the same questions to a 
French "agent de police" he would either have 
laughed me to scorn or scattered all the features 
of my face. 

So, if you ever want to know the time, or ask 
your way about, even when knowing the name of 
the street to which you want to go, don't ask a 
French policeman. For goodness' sake, don't! 
He is not supposed to know anj^thing, and he 
knows it, and is proud of it, and will feel greatly 
insulted if asked for any information. 

If he is at all conscientious, he will give you such 
directions as may take you right enough to the 
end of the street, but beyond that you must take 
your chances. "But then?" you are asking. 



ASKING ONE S WAY 



49 



Then go np to a working-man, he may only have 
a blouse and a cap on, but don't mind that ; touch 
your hat — yes, sir, I am not joking, touch your hat 
on going up to him — however reluctantly, and 
don't forget to say s'il vous plait or merci, 
viotisieur. He will tell you your w^ay readily, 
politely and correctly. Don't be afraid of his pro- 
nouncing French badly, his pronunciation is sure 
to be as good as that of any educated man. Shop- 
keepers and students, if you find yourself in the 
Latin quarter, are also reliable persons; but in all 
cases, do not forget the touching of the hat, the 
"please" and the "thank you." 

One piece of advice : When you are gazing at a 
shop-window, beware of boldfaced pickpockets, 
native and foreign — English especially. 

And now — my sermon is over — look at the 
following phrases : 



Phrases of Place. 
{a) Questions. 

Where is the — the — 
the—? 

Which is the way to go 
to the cathedral? — 
to the museum? — 
park? — railway sta- 
tion? 



Expressions de Lieu. 
Ex-pre-si^7Z de-He. 

{a) Questions. 
Kes-ti^/?. 

Ou est le — la — les — ? 
oo-e le — la — le — ? 

Quel est le chemin pour 
aller a la cathedrale? — 
au musee? — au pare? — 
a la gare? 

ke --el-she-;;//;/ poor-ra-le 
a-la-ca-te-dral?— 6-mii- 
ze?^ 6-parc? — a-la-gar? 

Quelle distance y a-t-il? 
kel-dis-/«;?s ia-til? 

Is this the right way to Est-ce bien la route pour 
Paris? Paris? 

es-bi/>/ la-root poor Pa-ri? 

May I go through here? Puis-je passer par ici? 

piiij pa-se pa-ri-si? 



How far is it? 



5° 



ASKING ONE S WAY 



May I go this (that) 
way? 



way? 
Which is the best way 



,'? 



Which is the shortest 
way? 



(Are there) any hills to 
go up? 

(Are there) any hills to 
go down? 

Is the hill long — steep — 
good — bad? 



Is the road paved — ? 
Any stones? 



What's the distance 
to—? 



Can you tell me of some 
hotel, not too expen- 
sive? 



What street is it in? 

Which way shall I (we) 
go? 

Can you go with me? 



Puis-je aller par la? 
piiij a-le par-la? 

Quel est le meilleur 

chemin? 
kel-el-me-yer she-/;^//?? 

Quel est le chemin le 

plus court? 
kel - el - she - min le - plii- 

coor? 

Y a-t-il des c6tes a 
monter? 

ia-til de-cot a-mon-te? 

Y a-t-i] des c&tes a 
descendre? 

ia-til de-cot a-de-sandv'? 

La cote est-elle longue — 
raide — bonne — mau- 
vaise? 

la-cot et-el iong — red — 
bon — movez? 

Y a-t-il du pav6 — ? du 
caillou? 

ia-til dii pa-ve — ? diic a- 
ioo? 

Combien y-a-t-il pour 

aller a — ? 
con-him ia-til-poor a-le 
a—? 

Pouvez-vous m'indiquer 
un hotel pas trop 
cher? 

poo-ve-voo mz'n-di-ke un- 
no-tel pa-tro-sher? 

Dans quelle rue? 

Par ou faut-il-aller? 
pa-roo fo-ti-la-le? 

Pouvez-vous aller avec 

moi? 
poo - ve - voo - za-le a-vec- 

moa. 



ASKING ONE S WAY 



51 



{b) Answers. 

Here. There. 

On (to) the right. 

On (to) the left. 

Further. Nearer. 

Straight on. 

In front of you. 

Behind you. 

Next to the post-office. 

Near the town-hall. 

Opposite the station. 

Come this way. 

Go that way. 

Go straight in front of 
you, take the first 
street on the right, 
then the second on 
the left. 



Follow the street R. R. 
line. 

Follow the telegraph 
line as far as the 
bridge. 



{b) Reponses. 
Re-/<7«s. 

Ici. La. 

i-si. la. 
A droite. 
a-droat. 

A gauche, 
a-gosh. 

Plus loin. Plus pres. 
plii-16z>2. plii-pre. 

Tout droit, 
too-droa. 

Devant vous. 
&e-van-YOO. 

Derriere vous. 
de-rier voo. 

A cote de la poste. 
a-co-te-dla-p6st. 

Aupres de la mairie. 
o-pre-dla-me-ri. 

En face la gar©. 
<3:;/-fas-la-gar. 

Venez par ici. 
ve-ne-pa-ri-si. 
Allez par la. 
a-le-par-la. 

Allez tout droit devant 
vous, prenez la pre- 
miere rue a droite, 
puis la deuxieme a 
gauche. 

a-le too-droa &e-van-voo, 
pre-ne la-pre-mier-rii 
a-droat, piii la-de-ziem 
a-gosh. 

Suivez le tramway, 
siii-vel-tra-mooe. 

Suivez le fil telegraph- 
ique jus-qu'au pont. 

siii - vel - iil-te - le - gra -iic 
]viS-^o-pon. -' 



RAILROADS AND TRAINS 

The French Bradshaw or Indicateur des 
Chemins de fer does not. always indicate the 
trains clearly. To understand the book, training 
is required. Like its English brother it contains 
several trains that leave and even reach stations, 
and a great many that seem neither to leave nor 
to arrive, but which appear to be always running 
on the line. Very puzzling. All stations are pro- 
vided with a large time-table pasted up on the 
wall, but usually out of sight. Very practical. 

If you have any baggage and want to catch a 
train, you must be in the station at least twenty 
minutes before the time fixed for departure. The 
distribution of tickets and the registration of bag- 
gage are supposed to cease, the former five min- 
utes, the latter ten minutes, before the time of 
leaving. When you have done with all this, you 
are shut up in a first, second, or third class wait- 
ing-room {salle d'attente), with padded, semi- 
padded or wooden benches to sit upon. In a 
republic, this is very appropriately called 
equality, fraternity. The waiting-room is her- 
metically closed ; you may not leave it, any more 
than the musty smell can, nor may you see what is 
going on on the line, as the panes are of corrugated 
glass. This is what is called liberty. 

Passengers under three years of age and "in 
arms," ride free of charge. 

Grown-up passengers are allowed 30 kilogrammes 
(64 pounds) of baggage free ; the fee for checking 
\enregistrenient) being o fr. 10 {=■ 2 cents). 

Each station is provided with a small parcel- 
room {Consigne). The fee is o fr. 05 per article 
and per day. Minimum charge: o fr. 10, to be 
paid when you take out the article, not when you 
receive the ticket on depositing it. 

Passengers have a right — a legal right — to the 
portion of the seat which they have reserved by 
placing there a hat-box, umbrella, book or news- 
paper. They have also a right to the portion of 



RAILROADS AND TRAINS 53 

the rack or the portion of the floor of the carriage 
above and under their seat. All trains are not 
provided with "smoking" carriages, marked out- 
side: Fumenrs. Smoking is allowed in all com- 
partments, unless objected to by one of the 
passengers. (Always ask, touch your hat and 
make use of merci, if favorable answer received. ) 
You are not supposed to smoke inside the station, 
but the rule is more honored in the breach than 
anywhere else, 

French trains, generally speaking, travel slowh% 
and safely, if not smoothly. 

Don't be alarmed by the proceedings at depart- 
ure. The station-master whistles, then the guard 
blows a tiny trumpet, and lastly the engine-driver 
whistles, too, and lets on the steam. It would not 
be safe to start a French engine otherwise. 

Important stations and all junctions have a 
refreshment-room. Their reputation as drinking 
and eating places is, like the weather, variable ; 
they are far ahead of British or American refresh- 
ment-rooms, however. 

At most railway bookstalls you can buy tobacco, 
cigarettes, cigars, matches, stamps, postal and 
letter cards, and even note-paper. A packet of 
tobacco or of cigarettes costs o fr. lo more than at 
tobacco stores; matches, o fr. 05 more; stamps 
and postal-cards the regular price. Most English 
newspapers (o fr. 25) are to be found at the Paris 
Gare Saint-Lazare and in the kwsgties round the 
Opera. The "New York Herald" costs o fr. 15 in 
Paris, o fr. 20 in the Dkpartejuents, the "Galig- 
nani's Messenger " o fr. 20, and o fr. 25. 

Railways and Trains. Chemins de Fer et 

Trains. 
She-;;//;/d fer e-trin. 

Where is the railway Ou est la gare du 
station? chemin de fer? 

oo-e-la-gar dii-she - ;;//«d 
fer? 

When is the train Quand part le train pour 
to X—? X—? 

can-par le ^rm poor X — ? 



54 



RAILROADS AND TRAINS 



Is it a slow train? 

Is it a fast train? 

Is it a through train? 

Have I got to change? 

Where? 

When does it get to 
Paris? 

Where is the time-table? 

Where is the ticket- 
office for Dieppe? 



Where is the luggage- 
office? 

Where is the cloak- 
room? 

Where are the toilet - 
rooms? 

A first (second, third) 
single to Rouen. 



A first (second, third) 
return to Dieppe. 



How much? 



Est-ce un train omnibus? 
h-sun-trm-6m.-ni-hu.sl 
Est-ce un train express? 
h-su7i trm ex-press? 

Est-ce un train direct? 
h-sun-trin di-rect? 

Faut-il changer de train? 
fo-til skan-]e de-trml 

Ou? 
oo? 

Quand arrive - 1 - on k 

Paris? 
can-tsi-riv-ton a-Pa-ri? 

Oil est I'indicateur? 
oo-e //>?-di-ca-ter? 

Ou est le bureau des 
billets pour Dieppe? 

oo-el-bii-ro de-bi-ie-poor 
Diep? 

Ou est le bureau des 

bagages? 
oo-el bii-ro de ba-gaj? 

Ou est la consigne? 
oo-e-la.-con-si'n.yl 

Ou sont les cabinets? 
oo-son le-ca-bi-ne? 

Une premiere (seconde, 

troisieme) aller pour 
Rouen, 
tin pre-mier {se-gond, 
troa - ziem a - le poor 
'R.oo-an. 

Une premiere (seconde, 
troisieme) aller et 
retour pour Dieppe. 

iin pre - mier {se-gond., 
troaziem) a-le er-toor 
poor Diep. 

Combien? 

con-hWnl 



RAILROADS AND TRAINS 



55 



Porter, get me a corner. Employe, trouvez-moi un 

coin. 
an-p]6-ie, troo-ve-moa z/n- 
com. 

Ou est le chef de train' 
oo-el-shef de-/r/;z? 

Est-ce vous le chef de 

train? 
es-vool-shef de-/rm7 

Prenez soin de mon 
bicycle, s'il vous plait, 
pre-ne som de-77ion bi- 
sicl', si-voo-ple. 



Where is the guard? 
Are you the guard? 



Look after my bicycle, 
will you? 



(And so saying — or even without saying any- 
thing — the wise traveler tips the guard ten or 
twenty cents — 50 centimes, or i franc.) 



There is no room in the 
second class. 

Can I go first? 

My baggage is lost. 

I saw it at Dieppe. 

It was labeled. 

Can I catch a traki 
for—? 

Do you mind smoking? 



Would you like me to 
shut — open — the win- 
dow? 



II n'y a pas de place en 

seconde. 
il-nia-pad-plas «;zs-^^;"d. 

Puis-je aller en premiere? 
piiij a-le a7i premier? 

Mes bagages sont perdus. 
me ba-gaj son per-dii. 

Je les ai vus a Dieppe, 
je-le-ze-vii a Diep. 

lis etaient enregistres. 
il-ze-te ^;2r-jis-tre. 

Puis-je attraper un train 

pour — ? 
piiij - a- tra -pe un - trm 

poor — ? 

La fumee vous derange- 

t-elle? 
la-fii-mevoo de-ranyteU 

Voulez-vous que je ferme 
— j'ouvre — la fenetre? 

voo - le - voo - kej - f erm — 
joovr' — la-fe-netr? 



56 



RAILROADS AND TRAINS 



May I shut — open — the 
window? 



Have you got the tick- 
ets, my dear? 



We shall arrive in about 
fifteen minutes, my 
dear. 



They collect the tickets 
at the gate. 

Get your hand baggage 
ready, and roll your 
rug tight. 



Are you sure you forget 
nothing? 



Porter, a cab. 
A four-wheeler, 
A small omnibus. 
I have no baggage. 
I have some baggage. 



Voulez-vous me permet- 

Ire defermer — d'ouvrir 

—la fenetre? 
voo .- le - voom - per-metr' 

de-fer-me — doo-vrir — 

la-fe-netr? 

Avez-vous les billets, mon 

cher? 
a ve - voo le - bi - ie mo7i 

sher. 

Nous arriverons dans a 
peu pres quinze mi- 
nutes, ma chere. 

noo-zk-r\-vQ-ron dan-zk- 
pe-pre ki7iz-rm.-rm\. ma- 
sher. 

On prend les billets a 

I'arrivee. 
on-_pr an le-hi-ie a-la-ri-ve. 

Preparez vos petits bag- 
ages, et roulez bien 
V o t r e couverture de 
voyage. 

pre-pa-re v6-p'ti-ba-gaj 

e roo-le-bi/;z votr coo-ver- 

tiird voa-iaj. 

Etes-vous sur que vous 
n'oubliez rien? 

et-voo-siir ke voo-noo-blie 
rim. 

Employe, un coupe. 

an--pl6-ie, nn-coo-pe. 

Un fiacre a galerie. 
un fi-acr' a gal-ri. 

Un omnibus' de famille. 
nn om-ni-biisd-fa-miye. 

Je n'ai pas de bagages. 
j e-n e-pad-ba-ga j. 

J'ai des bagages. 
je-de-ba-gaj. 



CABS AND CABBIES 

There are two sorts of cabbies in Paris : those 
who will drive you at a decent pace, and those 
who will tear along the crowded streets regardless 
of their freight and of the passers-by ; those who 
will take you where you want to go with a certain 
amount of care, and those who will spill you on 
the asphalt or at a street corner ; those who have 
an idea, however vague, of the street, the name 
of which you called out on getting in, and those 
who ask you where it is ; in short, there are cabbies 
who can drive, and cabbies who cannot. The 
percentage of the latter is extraordinarily high! 
So I feel rather nervous about recommending you 
cabs as a n on -emotional as well as a safe means of 
conveyance. 

Of course, if you have insured your life for the 
benefit of your relatives, or if you are in the habit 
of carrying about you an illustrated paper that 
will guarantee the bearer so much, on the strict 
understanding that he loses one or two limbs and 
a couple of eyes, oh, then, it is a very different 
matter! By all means do take a_/?<3;<rr<?. 

On the other hand, if you are in no hurry to 
depart this wicked world, and more particularly 
this abominable (but nice) place, Paris, go on foot, 
or take a 'bus. These are heavier vehicles, and 
they don't upset as a rule, although they will now 
and then overthrow a growler, but what does it 
matter, so long as you yourself are not bodily or 
mentally upset by them? 

There are seasons in the year when the Parisian 
coachman is polite and meek, others when he is 
the reverse. When Paris is overflowing with 
"distinguished" foreigners, and the air is balmy 
and gay, you must approach a disengaged coach- 
man with a pleasant smile and due reverence for 
his elevated position, and let him understand that 
you will acknowledge his valuable services by a 
"good-for-a-drink" (tip). 

57 



58 CABS AND CABBIES 

There are two sorts of carriages : first, Voitures 
fermefs — voa-tiir-f er-me — (hackney - carriages) ; 
second, Voitures decouvertes or Victorias — 
voa-tdr de-cou-vert — victoria — (open carriages). 
The latter are in great demand in the summer, 
and not easily found, especially in the afternoon. 
It is very enjoyable to take a drive in one of 
them round the boulevards or in the Bois de 
Boulogne (boad-boo-lonye). 

Inside the Paris walls, the legal fare is not per 
distance but per drive {a la course — a la coors), 
that is: i fr. 50 before 12:30 p. m. (after, 2 fr. 25); 
tip, o fr. 25. If two or three people are going in 
the same carriage and mean to drive from one end 
of Paris to the other, say from Montmarte 
(/;2^;z-martr') to Montrouge (mon-vooj), the tip 
should be made proportionate to the distance. By 
the hour the rate is 2 fr., with a tip of 25 centimes 
per hour. The above tariffs apply to all cabs 
having a conspicuous number painted on their 
lamps. Cabs with inside seats for four passengers 
cost a trifle more ; there are no open carriages of 
that kind. 

N B. — If you are in a cafe, restaurant or hotel, 
and in need of a cab, always send the waiter for it. 



To Get a Cab. 



Pour Avoir Une 

VoiTURE, 

Poor a-v6ar iin voa-tiir. 



Waiter, call me a cab, Gargon, appelez-moi une 
please. voiture, s'il vous plait. 

gar - son, ap-le-moa iin 
voat-tiir, si-voo-ple. 
Waiter, get me a cab, GarQon, allezmechercher 
please. une voiture, s'il vous 

plait, 
gar-son, ale me-sher-she 
iin voa-tiir, si-voo-ple. 

— a closed carriage. —une voiture fermee. 

— iin voa-tiir-ferme. 

— an open carriage. —une voiture decouverte. 

— iin voa-tiir de-coo-vert. 



CABS AND CABBIES 



59 



— a warmed carriage. 

— a four - wheeler for 
my baggage. 



Tell the cabby to come 
and wait for me here 
at noon. 

— at one o'clock sharp. 

— a quarter past two. 

— half -past twelve p. m. 

— half past twelve a. m. 

A cab with a good 
horse. 

Coachman, by the hour. 

Wait for me here. 

Coachman, Saint- 
Lazare station. 

Don't drive so fast. 

A franc extra if I catch 
the train. 

Here is the tariff. 

You can't cheat me, 
that's an over-charge. 



— une voiture chauffee. 
— iin voa-tiir sho-fe. 

— une voiture a galerie 

pour mes bagages. 
— iin voa-tiir a gal-ri poor 

me-ba-gaj. 
Dites au cocher de venir 

m'attendre ici a midi, 
dit o-co-she dev-nir ma- 

tan&c is-i a mi-di. 

— a une heure precis. 
— a iin-er-pre-si. 

— a deux heure s et quart. 
— a de-zer e car. 

— a midi et demie. 
— a mi-di e de-mi. 
— a minuit et demie. 
— a mi-niii e de-mi. 

Une voiture avec un bon 

cheval. 
iin voa-tiir a-vec un bon 

she-val. 

Cocher, a I'heure. 

co-she, a-ler. 

Attendez-moi ici. 
a-fan-de-moa i-si. 

Cocher, gare Saint- 

Lazare. 
co-she, gar-sm-la-zar. 

N'allez pas si vite. 
na-le-pa-si-vit. 

Un franc de pourboire si 
j'attrape le train. 

U7ifran de-poor -boar si 
ja-trap le-trm. 

Voila le tarif. 

voa-lal-ta-rif. 

Vous ne pouvez pas me 
refaire, c'est trop. 

voon-poo-ve-pa mer-fer, 
se-tro. 



'BUSES AND STREET CARS 

There are eighty-five lines of omnibuses and 
street cars (called traniways in France and Eng- 
land) in Paris. As a means of conveyance, 'buses 
and cars are safe and comfortable enough, but 
extremely slow, and there are not nearly enough 
of them. Hours: 7 or 7:30 a. m. till 12:20 a. m. 

'Buses and cars stop at certain stations, called 
Bureaux des Oin7iibus. These are very useful 
places when it is raining. On the busiest lines, it 
is safe to go in and ask for a number, naming the 
direction of the 'bus you want to take. (Buy a 
map of the car and 'bus lines. ) An official, with 
an O on his cap, will give you a number. Look 
out for the next 'bus, follow the other passengers, 
and if your number is called out, get in. 

"Inside" and ''plate-forine'' (where the con- 
ductor stands), o fr. 30; "outside," o fr. 15, all the 
way. If your 'bus or car does not take you 
straight to the place where you want to go, but 
crosses another line which will suit you, say, on 
paying your fare : ''Correspondance" (co-ves-pon- 
daus), which means "a transfer." If you are 
inside or on the plate-forme, it is given you free 
of charge; if outside, on payment of 15 centimes 
extra. 

At the proper station for changing lines, go to 
the O man in the Bureau, get another number, etc. 

The coachmen in the service of the Compagnie 
Generale des Oinnibus drive well. Always try to 
get into a 'bus or car as near to its starting-point 
as possible. The direction followed by the 'bus, 
both on outward and return journey, is shown by 
a movable board at the back. When the 'bus is 
"full" you will see the word complet at the back, 
above the entrance. But this means that the 'bus 
is complet "inside" only. A glance will tell you 
if it is "complet" outside, also. 

No one is ever allowed aboard above the number 
of passengers for whom seats are provided. 

60 



BUSES AND STREET CARS 



6i 



'Buses and Cars. 

Where is the Omnibus 
station for — ^ 



A number for — 

What's the color of the 
'bus for — ? 



Is this right for — ? 



How long does it take 
to get to — ? 



Any room inside? out- 
side? 



A transfer, please. 



Where have I to change 
to go to — ? 



Where do I get out? 
Fut me down street. 

Have you got a plan of 
the tram and 'bus 
lines? 



How much.'' 



Omnibus et Tramways, 

Om-ni-biis e-tram-oo-e, 

Ou est le Bureau des 

omnibus pour — ? 
oo-el bii-ro de-zom-ni-biis 

poor — ? 
Un numero pour — ? 
ti7t-nn-me-r6 poor — ? 

Quelle est la couleur de 
I'omnibus pour — ? 

kel-e la-coo-ler de lom-ni- 
biis poor — ? 

Est-ce bien la voiture 
pour — ? 

es-bim la-v6a-tiir poor — ? 

Combien de temps faut-il 

pour aller a — ? 
con-hmt de-/an f o-til poor 

a-le a — ? 

Y a-t-il de la place a 
i'interieur? I'imperiale? 

la-til de-la-plas a-//?z-te- 
rier? a-//;z-pe-rial? 

Une corre spon dance, 

s. V, p. 
xm-cb-res,-p07i-dafis, s.v.p. 
Ou faut-il que je change 

pour aller a^? 
oo-fo-til "keys ha Ji] poor 

a-le a — ? 
Ou faut-il descendre? 
oo-fo-til d.-sa7td.v'l 

Arretez-moi, rue — . 
a-re-te-moa, rii — . 
Avez-vous un plan des 

lignes de tramway et 

d'omnibus? 
a-ve-voo un-plaii de-liny- 

de tram-oo-e e-dom-ni- 

biis? 
Combien? 
con-hlint 



POST AND TELEGRAPH OFFICES 

Bureaux de Poste (Blue lamp outside). 
Hours: Summer, 7 a. m. ; Winter, 8 a. m, till 9 
p. M. ; Sundays, till 6 p. m. 

When you get into a post-office in Paris, or in 
any large French town, the first thing you notice 
is the foulness of the air. So, take a long breath 
before you go in. Another thing which you can 
hardly help being struck by, is the amount of time 
that will elapse before you are served. While No. 2 
is hard at work, No. 3 and No. 4, and occasionally 
No. 5, will gaze idly at you with a condescending 
air, through the railings, or chat pleasantly 
together. If you want to send, or cash, a money- 
order, they will politely refer you to No, 2, 
who seems to be the only creature doing any 
work at all in the establishment. Wait patiently, 
if you can, till the people who arrived before 
you are served. (No smoking allowed, of course; 
it might corrupt the atmosphere!) They man- 
age these things better in America and other 
countries. 

There are not nearly enough post-offices in 
Paris, and the result is that at certain hours of 
the day they are crowded beyond endurance. 
Moral: Never go to a post-office to buy a stamp; 
go to a tobacco store. 

N. B. — Most post-offices are provided with a 
public telephone closet (^Cabinet teltphonique 
public.) 

Postage. 

France, Algeria, Corsica: 

Letters: ofr. 15 — per 15 grammes (about ^ oz.). 
Letter-cards: o fr. 15. 

Postal-cards: ofr. 10 — with "reply," ofr. 20. 
Registered Letter: o fr, 25, in addition to 
postage. 

62 



POST AND TELEGRAPH OFFICES 6^ 

Foreign Postage. 

To the United States and all other countries 
included in the Postal Union : 

Letters: o fr. 25 per 15 grammes (j^ oz.). 

Letter-cards: o fr. 25. 

Postal-cards: o fr. 10 — with "reply," o fr. 20. 

Registered letter: o fr. 25, in addition to 
postage. 

Newspapers for America: o fr. 5 per 50 
grammes. 

Stamps are to be had at 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 50 
centimes. 

The proper way of addressing a; letter for France 
is as follows : 

Monsieur Jean de Mussy, 

Rue des Champs, 37, 

Montmedy, 
(Meuse). 

(Meuse, the department, in parenthesis.) 

Sending or CashinglMoney-Orders. 

The fee for sending a money-order within 
France or to Algeria or Corsica is i centime per 
franc. 

The fee for sending a money-order to the United 
States is 25 centimes per 25 francs or fraction of 
25 francs.* 

I. Sending a Money-Order {Emission de Man- 
dats). 

Get your letter ready for posting, address and 
all. On entering the post-office of a large town, 
go to that part of the railings where you see the 
words Emission de Mandats written. When your 
turn comes say to the official : Mandat de — 
fra7ics (see Numbers, p. 17) — Mdn-6.a.-Ae—fran — 
"Money-order for — francs" — and add: Je paie les 
frais — je-pe-le-fre — "I'll pay the fee." Then the 
official will ask you: Qui envoie? — ki-^/z-voa? — 



* Y. u can't send more than 252 francs (50 dollars) by 
each money order, — but you -will more likely want to cash 
that sum than send it. 



64 POST AND TELEGRAPH OFFICES 

"Who is the sender?" You are expected then to 
give your name and address. The best plan is to 
have both written out on a piece of paper. 

To send a money-order — inland or abroad — you 
have no form to fill up. 

Postal-orders are also obtainable for the value of 

1, 2, 5, lo, and 20 francs, but for France only. 

2. Cashing A Money-Order {Paiement de Man- 

dats). 

You must prove your identity by producing 
whatever bona fide documents you have relating 
to yourself. This is very important, especially if 
you are not staying at a hotel. A passport is 
always a valuable thing to have in such cases. 
Sometimes, officials will be satisfied with being 
shown the envelope containing the order to be 
cashed, but these thinking-a-lot-of-themselves 
gents are versatile in the extreme. On entering 
the post-office, make straight for the man whose 
face you perceive through the railings, under the 
words : Paiemejit de Mandats. 

3. Telegraph Money-Orders {Mandats Tele- 
graphiques) can be sent or received. The fee is i 
centime per franc, plus cost of telegram, and a 
fixed fee of 50 centimes for notifying the 
receiver. 

General Delivery (Poste Restante). 

In France letters can be sent Poste Resta7ite to 
all provincial and Parisian offices. Letters 
addressed only:. A. Jones, Esq., or Monsieur 
Jones, Poste Restante, Paris, are only to be had 
at the Hotel des Postes (General Post-Office) in 
tie Rue du Louvre, between the hours of 7 or 
S A. M. and 10 p. M. (5 p. M. on Sundays) Let- 
ters addressed to other offices should bear the 
address of the office. A let'ter addressed to you 
by name at a Poste Restante can only be handed 
to you on proof of your identity. The best plan is 
to have it addressed in your own initials, or to 
any initials you like: ^. ^., W.H.A.T. C.H.E.E.R., 
or to a number. Letters thus addressed will be 
delivered to vou withont finv f^ifficuHy. 



POST AND TELEGRAPH OFFICES 65 

A chemical formula is often used (the use of 
formulae of explosives being strongly deprecated 
just now). 

Letter-Boxes (Hours of Collection). 

In Paris and in all the large cities of France, 
3^ou find on the letter-boxes indications when the 
next mail will be distributed in the city and when 
the next mail leaves for the country (departements) 
and for abroad (etranger). These indications run 
as follows: Les lettres jeties a la boite inaiii- 
tenant seront distribuees a Paris aujourd' hui 
(or demain) ejitre (sa^^) hicit heures et nenf 
heii7'es et deinie du soir — "Letters posted now will 
be distributed in Paris to-day {or to-morrow) 
between (say) 8 and 9:30 p. m." 

For Departemejits and Kiranger, the notice 
runs as follows: Les lettres pour les Departe- 
?nents et V Etranger partiront aujotird' kin 
(if the collection is not made) or deniaiji (if 
made). "Letters for the country and abroad will 
leave to-day or — as the case may be — to-morrow." 

In Paris there are eight collections and eight 
deliveries per diem. On Sufidays, only the 
eighth is omitted. 

Every letter-box has an indicator showing the 
number of the collection last made, as follows: 
La I ere {se., ^e.) levee est fait e. 

The last collection for country and abroad, in 
Paris, takes place at 4:30 in pillar-boxes and boxes 
outside tobacco stores, at 5:30 in most post-ofhces. 
At 6 (as late as 7:30 in a few) by putting on an 
extra stamp of 15 centimes (3 cents). 

Letters for England. 

They can be posted without extra charge as late 
as 8:30 p. M. at the post-office branch in the Rue 
d'Amsterdam, 19 (alongside the Gare Saint- 
Lazare), or in one of the two letter-boxes inside 
the large hall of Gare Saint-Lazare, first floor. 

Letters for the United States. 

By posting them before 5 p. m. on Tuesdays and 
Fridays you make sure of their departure by the 
Wednesday and Saturday steamers. For other 
steamers, ask the hotel interpreter. 



66 POST AND TELEGRAPH OFFICES 

There are a few pillar-boxes after the American 
style in Paris, but these have been painted a dark 
green color, so they are not very conspicuous. 
They also sometimes have advertisements posted 
at the top of them ; hence the pillar-box looks like 
an ordinary pillar, and not a receptacle for 
letters. There is a box in every tobacco-store. 

In villages not provided with a post-ofifice, the 
letter-box and the local tobacco store, where stamps 
are to be had, are generally to be found in the 
vicinity of the church. 

Telegraph Offices, 

TeleJgraphe (Blue lamps outside). 

Hours : Summer, 7 a, m. ; Winter, 8 a. m. till 9 
p. M. Sundays, till 6 p. m. 

The office at 4 Avenue de I'Opera, Paris, is open 
till 12 p. m. , also that of the Grand Hotel, Boule- 
vard des Capucines. The office at the Bourse 
(Stock-Exchange) is open a// night. 

Telegraph and post offices are usually in the 
same building. Telegrams must be written in 
ink, not in pencil. If you cross out any words, 
you are required to state the fact and the number 
'of words crossed out over your signature on the 
blank. Example: Biffe trois mots. John Q. 
Beanbody. Forms are to be found on tables, with 
pens which sometimes won't write. Minimum 
charge for France (20 words or less), o fr. 50. 
Each additional word, 5 centimes. For England, 
o fr. 20 per word. For New York, i fr. 25 per 
word from Paris. Special rates for every Ameri- 
can city. For instance, Chicago, i fr. 55 per 
word. No minimum, and codes may be freely 
used.* A telegram with "prepaid answer" is 
charged o fr. 50 cent, extra for ten words. The 
letters R. P. {riponse payee = "answer prepaid") 
to be written before the address ; they count as one 
word and are charged for. All telegrams to be 
signed, except those for foreign countries. A tele- 
gram to be called for can be sent Poste Resta7tte 
or Telegraphs Restant. In large telegraph-offices 
in Paris, telegram cards for Paris (open, o fr- 30; 

* See Code, pages 170-74. 



POST AND TELEGRAPH OFFICES 



67 



closed, o fr. 50) can be sent by pneumatic tube. 
They are supposed to be delivered within two 
hours. No limit to number of words. There is a 
special box for these cards, inside or outside the 
telegraph-office, and bearing the words : Cartes 
Tele^grammes. These are to be obtained from the 
telegraph clerk. 



Post-Offices. 



Is there a post-office 
near here? 



Where is the General 
Post-Office? 

One postal-card for 
England, please. 



Two 5-cent stamps. 

Three 3 -cent letter- 
cards. 



Four 5-cent letter- 
cards. 



Two postal cards with 
"reply," 



Will letters for England 
leave to-day? 



Bureaux de Poste. 
Bii-r5d-p6st. 

Y a-t-il un bureau de 

poste par ici? 
la-til un bii-rod-post pa- 

ri-si? 

Ou est la Grande Poste? 
oo-e X^rgran^ post? 

Une carte postale pour 
I'Angleterre, s'il vous 
plait. 

iin cart pos-tal poor lan- 
gle-ter, si-voo-ple. 

Deux timbres a cinq sous. 
de-tmhr' a-sm-s.00. 

Trois cartes-lettres a trois 

sous, 
troa cart-letr' a-troa soo. 

Quatre cartes-lettres a 

cinq sous. 
cat cart-letr a-sm-soo. 

Deux cartes postales avec 

reponse. 
de-cart-pos-tal a-vec re- 

p07lS. 

Les lettres pour I'Angle- 
terre partiront - e 1 1 e s 
aujourd' hui? 

16 letr' poor /an-gle-ter 
pSr - ti - ro7t-te\ 6-joor- 
dui? 



68 



POST, TELEGRAPH, TELEPHONE 



Have you got any let- 
ters General Delivery 
for Mr. Jones? 



Have you got any let- 
ters General Deliverv 
initialed F.R.O.G.?' 



Please register this 
letter. 



Will one stamp be 
sufficient? 

How much have I got 
to pay for sending 
this? 

Please give me a tele- 
graph blank. 



I wish to pay for the 
answer, twenty 
words. 

Please ring up Central, 
and ask to be con- 
nected with number 



All right, good -by. 



Avez-vous des lettres 

Poste-restante pour M. 

Jones?* 
a-ve-voo de-letr' post-res- 

tajit poor Me-sie jons 

(not Z^jones) ? 
Avez-vous des lettres 

P o s t e -restante a u x 

initial es F.R.O.G. 
a-ve-voo-de-letr post-res- 

tant 6-zi-ni-sial, ef, er, 

o, je. 
Veuillez recommander 

cette lettre. 
ve-ie re-c6-man-de set- 

letr'. 
Un seul timbre suffira- 

t-il? 
//;z-sel titihr' sii-fi-ra-til? 
Combien faut-il payer 

pour envoyer ga? 
con-h\m fo-til pe-ie poor 

an-v6-ie sa? 

Veuillez me donner une 

forme telegraphique. 
ve-iem'-don-ne iin form 

te-le-gra-fic. 
Je desire payer la re- 

ponse, vingt mots, 
je-de-zir-pe-ie la rk-pons 

vin-vno. 

Veuillez sonner le Bureau 

Central et demandez 

le numero . 

ve-ie s6n-ne le bii-ro saii- 

tral e dm«;z-de le-nii- 

me-r5 . 

Cela suffit, adieu, 
sla sii-fi, a-die. 



*If you have no card with your name thereon, be careful 
to spell it and pronounce it in the French way. 



ABOUT HOTELS 

"Sare, eef you af no 'otel, I shall recommend you 
milor, to ze 'Otel Betfort, in ze Quay, close to ze 
bazing-machines and custom-ha-oose, goot bets 
and line garten, sare: table d'hote, sare, a cinq 
heures; breakfast, sare, in French or Amayrican 
style; — I am ze commissionaire (porter), sare, 
and will see to your loggish. ' ' 

These cursed fellows, as Thackeray calls them, 
usually besiege you at Calais, Dieppe or Boulogne, 
when you land, and in fact, whenever you come 
out of a railway vStation in France. 

Many guides contain lists of "recommended" 
hotels, and the author usually assures us that this 
"recommendation" has not been paid for. It has 
been inserted, mind, for the sole benefit and wel- 
fare of the traveler, from the pure and unalloyed 
pleasure of making you snug and comfortable. 
So, you confidently step in, are sometimes uncom- 
fortable, often fleeced, and finally you swear at the 
guide and its author. 

"Attendance" and especially "light" (bougies) 
are the two items which often unduly raise the 
amount of the bill. Knowing the not unreason- 
able objection that American (and French) people 
have to paying i fr. 50 for using a penny-worth of 
candle, we advise 'you to always ask in advance 
that both these charges be included in the price of 
the rooms. 

At Petit Dejeuner, or what we call in America 
breakfast, the tourist may have either chocolate, or 
coffee and milk, or tea and milk, with bread and 
butter. 

At Dejeuner (luncheon) and Diner, wine or 
cider is included in the price, unless otherwise 
stated. Coffee is always considered an extra. 
The usual tip for a single meal at Table d'Hote is 
o fr. 30; for a day or two, i or 2 francs, to be 
divided between the chamber-maid and the waiter. 

60 



70 



ABOUT HOTELS 



In most hotels you are requested to put dow.n 
your name in a book and to state whence you 
come {venant de), whither you are going {allant 
ci), your age {age), profession {profession), the 
place of your birth {lieu de naissance). This book 
is supposed to be inspected now and then by the 
police ; so, look out ! 



About Hotels. 



Where is the — Hotel? 



Can you tell me of a 
hotel where the 
charges are moder- 
ate? 

Can you tell me of a 
hotel at moderate 
charges, but very 
clean? 



Can you tell me of a 
hotel where you get 
good cooking? 



Can you tell, me of a 
hotel near the rail- 
way? 



Can you tell me of a 
hotel where there is 
a table d'h6te? 



Des Hotels. 
De-z6-tel. 

Ou se trouve I'Hotel 

du— ? 
oos-troov 16-tel dii — . 
Pouvez-vous m'indiquer 

un h6tel pas trop cher? 
poo-ve-voo w/>z-di-ke uti- 

no-tel pa-tro-sher? 
Pouvez-vous m'indiquer 

un h6tel pas trop cher, 

mais tres propre? 
poo-ve-voo ;;?2>2-di-ke un- 

no-tel pa-tro-sher, me 

tre-propr'? 

Pouvez-vous m'indiquer 
un hotel ou Ton mange 
bien? 

poo-ve-voo min-^-Vki un- 
no - tel oo - Ion man] 

Pouvez-vous m'indiquer 

un hotel pres du chemin 

de fer? 
poo-ve-voo ?;z/;z-di-ke un- 

no-tel pre diish-;;2md- 

fer? 
Pouvez-vous m'indiquer 

un hotel oii il y ait une 

table d'hote? 
poo-ve-voo ?;^z>2-di-ke un- 

no-tel ou-il-ie iin tabl' 

dot? 



ABOUT HOTELS 



71 



Can you tell me of a 
good ' ' restywrong ' ' 
at fixed price? 



Which way shall I (we) 
go? (see pp. 48, 49). 

Will you take me for 8 
francs a day, every- 
thing included? 



Can you give me a bed- 
room for the night? 



How much for a bed, 
light and attendance 
included? 



I propose to stay here 
two, three (see p. 17) 
days. 



What is the charge per 
day, everything in- 
cluded, with light 
and attendance? 



How much for bed and 
breakfast inclusive? 



Pouvez-vous m'indiquer 

un bon restaurant 

a prix-fixe? 
poo-ve-voo ?/zm-di-ke un 

bon res-to-ran a-pri- 

fix? 

Par ou faut-il aller? 

(v. pp. 48, 49). 
pa-roo fo-ti-la-le? 

Pouvez-vous me recevoir 
pour huit francs par 
jour, tout compris? 

poo-ve-voo mer-se-v6ar 
poor \A frail par joor, 
Xoo-con-'^vYl 

Pouvez-vous me donner 
une chambre pour la 
nuit? 

poo-ve-voo me do-ne iin 
shanhv' poor la-niii? 

Combien une chambre, 
bougie et service 
compris? 

con-hizn iin skanhf boo-ji 
e ser-vis con-^rll 

J'ai 1' intention de rester 
ici, deux, trois (v. p. 17) 
jours, 

]e-lzn-tan-^ion de-res-te 
i-si, de, troa, — joor. 

Combien la pension par 
jour, tout compris, 
bougie et service? 

con-\Am Ya.-pan-'&lon par 
joor, too-^^;z-pri, boo-ji 
e ser-vis? 

Combien pour la chambre 

et le petit dejeuner, 

tout compris? 
con-h\m poor Isi-skanhf 

e lep-ti de-je-ne, too 

con-yvll 



72 



ABOUT HOTELS 



AVill you call me to- 
morrow at — o'clock? 



Have you got a railway 
time-table? 



I wish to wash my 
hands, where is my 
room? 



What floor? What 
number? 



At what o'clock is 
luncheon? 

At what o'clock is din- 
ner? 

Is there a bath-room in 
the house? 



Where is the porter? 

Tell me where the W. 
C. is. 



I have got some bag- 
gage at the station, 
here is my check. 



Can I have my baggage 
in l)y to-night? 



Voulez-vous me reveiller 
demain a — heures? 

voo-le-voo me-re-ve-ie de- 
niin a — er? 

Avez-vous un indicateur 
des chemins de fer? 

a-ve-voo z^7Z-?z/;z-di-ca-ter 

i de-she-7«/>2d-fer? 

J'ai besoin de me laver 
les mains, ou est ma 
chambre? 

je be-zo/7? dem la-ve le 
7m7i, oo e ma j/^^;/br'? 

A quel etage? Quel 

numero? 
a-kel e-taj? Kel nii-me- 

ro? 

A quelle heure dejeune- 

t-on? 
a-kel er de-jen-Zt*;/? 
A quelle heure dine-t-on? 
a-kel er din- ton? 
Y a-t-il une salle de bains 

dans la maison? 
ia-til tin sal de-d/n dan la 

vcik.-zon'} 

Ou est le portier? 

oo-el por-tie? 

Dites-moi ou sont les 

cabinets? 
dit-moa oo-son le-ca-bi- 

ne? 

J'ai des bagages au 
chemin de fer, voici 
mon bulletin. 

je de-ba-gaj 6-she-w/;/d- 
fer, v6a-si mon biil-//;z. 

Puis- je avoir mes bagages 
ce soir? (see Traveling 
Requisites, p. 36). 

piiij a-v6ar me ba-gaj se- 
soar? 



ABOUT HOTELS 



73 



Tourists will often want to have some clothes 
washed. At most hotels they can get this doxie 
on the premises. If it is only a matter of wash- 
ing a few handkerchiefs, a pair of stockings, or the 
like, ask the chamber-maid. 



Where can I put my 
satchel? 



Might I have a flannel 
shirt washed? 



Might I have a pair of 
stockings washed? 



Will it be ready by to- 
morrow morning? 



It does not matter if it 
is not dry. 

— if it is not ironed. 

I have got a button to 
sew on, can you give 
me some thread and 
a needle? 



— white thread? — ^black? 

What's interesting to 
see here? 



Ou pourrais-je mettre ma 
valise? 

ou poo-rej metr' ma-va- 
liz? 

Mademoiselle, pourrais- 
je faire laver une che- 
mise de fianelle? 

mad-moa-zel, poo-rej fer 
la-ve iin she-miz de- 
fla-nel? 

Mademoiselle, pourrais- 
je faire laver une paire 
de bas? 

mad-moa-zel, poo-rej fer 
la-ve iin per de-ba? 

Est-ce que cela sera pret 
pour demain matin? 

es-ke-sla sra-pre poor de- 
inin mk-tinl 

Cela ne fait rien si ce 

n'est pas sec. 
slan-fe xun sis-ne pa-sec. 
— si ce n'est pas repass e. 
— sis ne pa-re-pa-se. 

J'ai un bouton a recou- 
dre, pouvez - vous me 
donner du fil et une 
aiguille? 

\k,-un-hoo-tott ar-coodr"^ 
poo-ve-voom-do-ne dii- 
fil e-iin e-giiiye? 

— du fil blanc? — noir? 

— dii fil blani — noar? 

Qu'y-a-t-il d'interessant 

a voir ici? 
kia-til din - te - re - san a 

voar i-si? 



BATHS 

The morning bath is an American institution, a 
fine one too, but from the fact that it is httle used 
in France it does not follow that the French 
never wash. Public baths are to be found in every 
town, and are patronized by all classes of society. 

A "complete" bath, in Paris, or in the prov- 
inces, includes afojid de bam (large piece of linen 
covering the inside of the bath-tub), two or three hot 
or cold towels, and a sort of linen dressing-gown. 

The average cost is i fr. 50 (tip, 20 cent. ). 

In "simple" hsi\hs, fonds de bain and dressing- 
gowns are not provided. Always ask for a ^«/« 
complet. 

Soap is generally to be had from the attendant. 

If you want your hands to be white and fair, 
your complexion bright and clear, your skin as soft 
and smooth as velvet, and as fresh as seabreezes, 
you must expect to pay at least 2 fr. 50 per cake. 

Soaps, like ices, are manufactured in all sorts of 
colors and sizes. But if you are not particularly 
anxious that peop'e should recognize that the sort 
of soap you have been using was expensive when 
you shake hands with them, or say "Good morn- 
ing" to them, a five-cent cake will answer your 
purpose cleanly enough, and will float on water 
besides. 

At most public baths there is a chiropodist on 
the premises, who extracts corns, "while you 
wait. ' ' 

Baths. Bains. 

Bin. 



\ 



Where are the public 
baths, please? 



Are there any baths 

near here? 
A cold bath, complete. 



Oil se trouvent les bains, 

s. V. p.? 
oos-troov \e-bin, si-voo- 

ple? 
Y a-t-il des bains par ici? 
ia-til d.e-bin pa ri-si? 
Un bain froid, complet. 
nil-bin froa r<??2-ple» 



74 



BATHS 



75 



A warm bath, complete. 

Waiter, a piece of soap. 

Waiter — How do you 
like your bath, sir? 



Guest — Warm — hot — 
tepid — cold — nearly 
cold. 



W, — ^Would you like to 
have your linen now, 

sir? 

G. — Yes, please. 

W.— Will you kindly 
ring for your linen? 



G.— All right. Where 
is the W. C? ' 

G. (shouting) — Waiter! 
Waiter! I can't turn 
the tap, I shall be 
drowned and the 
room will be flooded !* 



Un bain chaud, complet. 
un-bin sho con--^\k,. 
Gargon, un savon. 
^2:^-son-un-^2i'Von. 

Gargon — Comment 

voulez-vous votre 

bain, monsieur? 
co-?jian voo-le-voo vot- 

din, m'sie? 
Client — Chaud, — t r e s 

chaud, — tiede, — froid, 

— presque froid. 
sh5, — tre-sho, — tied, — 

froa, — presk froa. 
G. — Monsieur veut-il son 

linge maintenant? 

me - sie ve - til son - Izn] 

ininX.-nani 
C. — Je veux bien. 
je-ve-bi2>?. 
G. — Monsieur v o u d r a 

bien sonner pour le 

linge? 
me-sie voo-dra hliii s6-ne 

poor \h-lin]. 

C. — Bien. Ou sont les 

cabinets? 
h\in. Oo-son le-ca-bi-ne? 

C. (criant) — Gargon ! 
Gargon! je ne peux 
pas tourner le robinet, 
je vais me noyer et la 
salle de bain va etre 
inondee ! 

(crian) gav-son\ gar-sonl 
jen pe-pa-toor-ne le-ro- 
bi-ne, je-vem noa-ie e- 
la-sal de-dm va-etr' i- 
non-de. 



*If a Frenchman found himself in this awful predicament 
in England he would very likely cry out : I will be drowned, 
and the room shall be flooded. Bother the use of "shall" 
and "will"! 



BARBERS 

The sign of a barber in France is not a pole 
painted red, white and blue, as in the United 
States, but a copper shaving-dish, hanging outside 
the shop. This, of course, in small cities and vil- 
lages — elsewhere there is only a regular sign over 
the door. 

You must not expect a French barber to cut 
your hair in ten minutes. Unlike his American 
brother, he is an artist, he is a Professor of 
Coiffure ! and he must be allowed a good half -hour 
for his work. If you want to have your beard cut 
as well, you must allow three-quarters of an hour. 
Of course, he will make himself very pleasant, and 
congratulate you on the color of your hair, if you 
have any left. Like his American confrere, he 
will probably draw your attention to the weather, 
and inform you that there has been a "fine shower 
after the rain." © 

By this time he will certainly have discovered 
that you; hair is falling out, and will offer you, as 
he is by business bound, all sorts and colors of 
washes. Now, please yourself, but these luxuries 
have to be paid for. Hereby hangs a tale which is 
not a story. 

An English gentleman of haughty mien — he was 
of royal descent, being (distantly) related to 
Edward III. — was, when in Paris, wont to pass 
himself off as a lord. His name was Robinson. 
(Milord Robinson sounds rather well in French. ) 
One day he entered a barber shop on Place de la 
Madeleine. Two assistants pounced at once upon 
his lordship, and were soon engaged in pouring 
upon his royal headthemost costly perfumes. As 
he had only studied French for ten years, and 
could only answer out to the questions put to him, 
he was somewhat surprised at receiving one franc 
change out of the napoleon (four-dollar gold piece) 
which he had carelessly thrown on the counter, 
and at being presented with a rather heavy parcel, 
consisting of valuable scent and of a never-failing 

76 



BARBERS 



77 



hair restorer. Being a milord, he left the one 
franc change on the counter to the bowing assist- 
ants. But once out of the shop he uttered most 
unlordly words, and waxed very wroth, uttered 
great oaths in a very ungentlemanly way, and 
came back to England with an idea that French 
barbers are a sacre bad lot. 

If you should ever want a shave, and find your- 
self in some far, far away country village in Nor- 
mandy or Brittany — and I am now addressing my 
brother cyclists — don't miss the possible chance of 
being performed upon by the local barber. He, or 
she, will most probably introduce a spoon into 
your mouth, or, for want of this utensil, apply his, 
or her, thumb against your cheek — inside your 
mouth, of course — or pinch 3-our nose, just to pre- 
vent a gash on the cheek or upper lip. You will 
find this great fun. 

With a few exceptions payment is to be made at 
the counter. When the operation is over, the 
artist accompanies you to the cash-box, and the tip 
is given either to the man or lady in charge, or 
dropped into a sort of urn placed for that purpose 
on the counter. 

The average charges made by first-class and 
second-class barbers are as follows: 





First-class. 


Second-class. 


Haircutting 
Shaving 
Beard . . 


. fr. 75 or I fr. 
. fr. 40 
. fr. 60 


fr. 30 or fr. 40 
fr. 20 
f r. 25 


Shampooing 
Tip . . . 


. fr. 60 
. fr. 40 


fr. 40 
fr. 20 


N. B.— In 


barber parlance. 


a complef is the 



name given to a series of operations, consisting in 
cutting the hair and beard, and in shampooing 
both with quinine, or portugal, or lilac water. 



Barbers. 

Is there a hairdresser 

near here? 
Question. — The hair, 

sir? 



Coiffeurs. 
Coa-fer. 

Y a-t-il un coiffeur par ici? 
ia-til ti7i coa-fer pa-ri-si? 
Question. — Les cheveux, 

monsieur? 
Q. — lesh-ve, m'sie? 



78 BAR 

Answer. — ^Yes. 



Q. — How do you like it? 
Rather short or very- 
short? 



A. — No. Just trim it. 



Q. — Do you make a 
parting? 

A. — Yes, in the middle 
— on the right — on the 
left. 

Q. — Would you like to 
have your beard cut 
as well? 

A. — Yes, rather short 
at the sides, but don't 
you touch the mus- 
tache. 



Q. — Your hair is falling 
out, sir, would you 
like to be shampooed? 
— with quinine water? 
(o fr. 30.) — with 
Portugal water? 
(o fr. 40). — with lilac 
water? (o fr. 75). 

Q. — A shampoo to the 
beard as well? 



BERS 

Reponse. — Oui, les 

cheveux. 
R. — 001, lesh-ve. 

Q. — Comment les voulez- 
vous? Assez courts ou 
tres courts? 

Q. — co-man le-voo-le voo? 
a-se-coor 00 tre-coor? 

R. — Non, rafraichir 

seulement. 
R. — non, ra-fre-shir sel- 

man. 
Q. — Faites-vous une raie? 
Q. — fet-voo iin-re? 

R. — Oui, au milieu — a 
droite — a gauche. 

R. — 001, o-mi-lie— a-droat 
— a-gosh. 

Q. — Faut-il aussi vous 
tailler la barbe? 

Q. — fo-til o-si voo ta-ie la- 
barb? 

R. — Oui, assez courte sur 
les cotes, mais n' allez 
pas toucher a la mous- 
tache. 

R. — 001, a-se coort' siir 
le co-te, me na-le-pa 
too-she a-la moos-tash. 

Q. — Vos cheveux tom- 
bent, monsieur, voulez- 
vous une friction? — a 
la quinine? — au portu- 
gal? — au lilas? 

Q. — vo-shve tonh, m' sie, 
voo-le-voo iin fric-sic'/?? 
— a-la-ki-nin ? — 6-por- 
tii-gal? — 6-li-la? 

Q. — Une friction a la 

barbe egalement? 
Q. — tin ix\Q-s\on a la-barb 
e-ga^-7//(r?;/? 



RESTAURANTS 

Voltaire says somewhere that the English have 
a hundred religions and one sauce, whereas the 
French have a hundred sauces and — no religion. 

There is a great deal of truth in this remark, 
especially as to the sauces, and an American who, 
for the first time, enters a French Bouillon 
(another name for a cheap restaurant a la carte) is 
sure to be bewildered by the number of dishes 
that are provided for the "inner man." Although 
most Americans (especially ladies) of the so-called 
upper class dress and eat in French, and are 
rather well up in dressmakers' parlance and in the 
names of dishes a la somebody or something, they 
will often come to grief in presence of a French 
menu. 

"What on earth can that be, I wonder?" is a 
phrase that I have pretty often heard falling from 
the lips of a puzzled American when gazing at a 
French bill of fare. But before I venture on a few 
explanations on the nature and composition of 
some French dishes, I should like to ask you, dear 
sir — or madam — just one question about a little 
French word you will have to use often, and which 
you might perhaps use wrongly. 

"What's the French for 'thank you'?" 

"Mercz, of course," you answer. 

"Well, you are wrong." 

"No, lam not/'' 

"Yes, you areV and I'll prove it to you: 
Sapiens nihil affinnat quod nonprobet. (Tumblez- 
vous?) 

I. A Frenchman named Durand, who had only 
been a few months in England, was asked to lunch 
one day by an English gentleman who was living 
in the same house. "Have you ever tasted 
curry?" said mine host. "No," answered the 
invited one. "Well, you shall have some, and I 
am sure you will like it." The guest got through 

79 



So RESTAURANTS 

a large plateful, thinking all the while it was an 
awful mixture. There was sweat on his brow 
when he swallowed the last mouthful. Then came 
the usual question : "Have some more?" "Thank 
you," answered the thirsty guest, translating 
merci literally, while he should have said: "No 
more, thank you." Then, to his horror, he found 
himself face to face with another plateful. He 
ate it, but he swore — that he would never touch 
curry again. "Thank you," then, is not always 
equivalent to merci. Here endeth the first lesson. 

2. A famous Englishman named Jones — the 
name, I dare say, is familiar to you — was dining 
one day at the Restaurant de la Monnaie at Brus- 
sels. Although it hurt his insular pride, he con- 
fessed (to himself) that Belgian cooking ''savez- 
I'ous'' was first-class and that the wine (drunk in 
Belgium, grown in France) was exquisite. 

Round came the waiter with the cheese ; good, 
honest-looking cheese it was, too. Quoth the 
man: Voules-ijoiis dii froinage, m' sieu? — Merci, 
answered Sir W. Jones, who spoke the language 
fluently. And both waiter and cheese retreated to 
the kitchen, to the amazement of the Englishman, 
who would have liked to curse the one (as a 
matter of fact, he did) and to eat the other. 
Merci, therefore, is not equivalent to "thank you." 
Here endeth the second lesson. ''Kt nunc 
erudimini!'' or in "U. S.": "And don't you 
forget it. " 

MORAL. 

3/<?r^/ alone in French means, "No, thank you." 
* 'Thank you" is in French either oui, je veux 
lien, or oui, merci. Q. E. D. 

And never try to use 7Jierci or the verb reinercier 
in the sense of "I will thank you" when asking 
some one to pass you the bread or the sugar. 

The foreigner who thinks that Frenchies live 
almost exclusively on frogs will be sorely disap- 
pointed when he gets into a Paris restaurant, for it 
is a hundred to one that he will not find this 
delicacy on the menu. (Don't you sneer when I 
say ''delicacy "! If you only knew!!) But there 
are heaps of other dishes that will enable him 



RESTAURANTS 8l 

to stay his hunger in a Christian and gentle 
way. 

If you are staying in a provincial town, the best 
arrangement is to put up at some hotel (see p. 69). 
In Paris tourists will find it both economical and 
convenient to hire a furnished room for a week or 
two in an H6tel Meuble (furnished apartments) 
and to take their meals wherever they happen to 
be in the course of the day. In all Boiiilloiis a 
good, substantial meal can be had for 2 fr. 50 or 
3 fr. Some Marchands de vm, or bar-restaurants, 
deserve also to be patronized, but cannot be recom- 
mended as a whole. Never go to a railway 
refreshment-room, unless you are very much 
pressed by time or hunger, as when actually "en 
route. ' ' 

Tourists who are passing through a town at 
lunch time (from 11 to 12) will do well to go to a 
table d'hote where a good dejeuner, consisting of 
four or five courses, is to be had for 2 fr. 50 or 3 
fr. In Normandy and Brittany cider is usually 
included in the price. At first-class tables d'hote 
wine only is served, and has to be paid for. In 
Auberges (inns) where there is accommodation 
for man and beast (/«', 07t loge a pied et a cheval) 
cyclists, tourists and dogs will find cheap and 
generally good fare. 

N. B. — The average tip for a meal of 2 fr. 50 or 
3 fr. is 25 or 30 centimes. In Paris Bouillons you 
may pay to the waiter or waitress and get the bill 
''eturned to you with "paid" (paye) on it, or pay it 
at the cashier's office {Caisse), but before you go 
out. In any case, the bill is to be handed over to 
the man or woman at the door. This is the rule 
in Bottillons only, not in the ordinary restaurants. 



Restaurants. Restaurants. 

Res-t6-r<:z;/. 

N. B. — The following list includes most of the 
dishes that are served up in good middle-class 
restaurants. Un or une, before names of relishes 
or side-dishes, does not imply that you get only one 
radish, sardine, etc., but means a plate of them. 



82 



RESTAURANTS 



Side Dishes. 

Anchovies. 
Butter. 
Radishes. 
Sardines. 
Smoked sausage. 

Soups. 

Broth (no bread crumbs). 

Soups with chips of 

vegetables. 
Soup made of early- 
vegetables. 

Fish. 

Eel — sauce made of 
yolk of an egg with 
oil, vinegar, salt, pep- 
per, sweet herbs and 
mustard. 

Eel — sauce made of 
butter, bay leaves, 
parsley, pepper and 
wine. 

Fresh cod. 

Fried sole. 

Frogs — cream, butter, 
yolk of an egg. 



HORS d'geuvre. 
6r-devr'. 

Un anchois. 
un-nan-shoEL. 
Un beurre. 
un ber. 

Un radis. 
un ra-di. 

Une sardine, 
iin sar-din. 

Un saucisson. 
un so-si-son. 

POTAGES. 

P6-taj. 
Un consomme. 
tin con-s6-me. 
Une soupe a la julienne, 
iin soop a-la-jii-lien. 

Une soupe a la prin- 

taniere. 
iin soop prm-ta-mer. 

POISSONS. 

Foa-son. 
Une a n g u i 1 1 e sauce 

tartare. 
iin an-giye sos tar-tar. 



Une matelote d'an- 

guilles. 
iin mat-16t-^^;2-giye, 

Du cabillaud. 
dii ca-bi-io. 

Une sole frite. 
iin sol frit. 

Des grenouilles, sauce 

poulette. 
de gre-nooye sos-poo-let. 



RESTAURANTS 



^3 



Grilled mackerel with 
butter. 



Half a dozen oysters. 

Lobster. 

One dozen oysters. 

Red mullet. 

Salmon. 

Skate fried in browned 
butter. 

Skate with cream sauce. 

Smelts. 

Snails ! ! ! 

Sole cooked in white 
wine and done brown 
with bread crumbs. 



Un maquereau a la 

maitre d' hotel. 
un-msi-kro a-la metr' do- 

tel. 
Une demi-douzaine 

d'huitres. 
iin de-mi-doo-zen diiitr'. 

Du homard. 
dii 6-mar. 

Une douzaine d'huitres. 

iin doo-zen-diiitr'. 

Un rouget. 

un roo-je. 

Du saumon. 

dii so-inon. 

De la raie au beurre 

noir. 
dla re-6-ber noar. 

De la raie a la sauce 

blanche, 
dla re-a-la-sos blanch.. 
Des eperlans. 
de-ze-per-/^;^. 

Des escargots ! ! I 
de-zes-car-go. 

Une sole au gratin. 
iin sol o-^TSi-tm. 



Tmbot. 


Du turbot. 




dii tiir-bo. 


Whiting. 


Un merlan. 
un-mhv-lan. 


Eggs. 


CEuFS. 




E. 


A boiled eg^. 


Un oeuf a la coque. 
tin nef a-la-c6k. 


Boiled eggs. 


Des oeufs a la coque. 
de-ze a-la-c5k. 


Plain omelet. 


Une omelette nature, 




iin om-let na-tiir. 



84 



RESTAURANTS 



An omelet with herbs. 

An omelet with jam. 

An omelet with kirsch. 
An omelet with rum. 
A savory omelet. 
Fried eggs. 

Beef, Etc. 

Beef cooked in pot with 

carrots. 
Beefsteak. 

Boiled beef. 

Fillet of roast beef. 

Leg of mutton. 

Mutton chop. 

Piece of meat from the 

ribs. 
Shoulder of mutton. 

Calf's brains fried in 
browned butter. 

Calf's head. 

Stewed kidneys. 



Une omelette aux fines 

herbes. 
iin om-let 6-fin-zerb. 

Une omelette aux 

confitures, 
iin om-let o-con-fi-tuv. 

Une omeiette au kirsch. 
iin om-let 6-kirsh. 

Une omelet au rhum. 
iin om-let o-rom. 

Une omelette au sucre. 
iin om-let o-siicr'. 

Des oeufs sur le plat, 
de-ze siir le-pla. 

BcEUF, Etc. 
Bef. 

Du boeuf a la mode, 
dii bef a-la-mod. 

Un bifteck. 
un-bii-tec. 
Du bcBuf bouilli. 
dii bef boo-yi. 

Du filet de boeuf roti. 
dii fi-led-bef ro-ti. 

Du gigot. 
dii-ji-go. 

Une cotelette de mouton. 

iin cot-let de-moo-/^;z. 

Une entrecote. 

un-an-tve-cot. 

De I'epaule de mouton, 

de-le-p6l de moo-lo^i. 

De la cervelle au beurre 

noir. 
dla ser-vel o-ber-noar. 

De la tete de veau. 
dla tet de vo. 
Un rognon saute. 
un-TO-mon so-te. 



RESTAURANTS 



«5 



Larded veal. 
Roast kidney. 
Sweetbread. 
Veal cutlet. 
Veal with sorrel. 
Roast veal. 
Black pudding. 
Sausage with cabbage. 

Game. 
Duck with green peas. 



Jugged hare. 

Partridge with cab- 
bage. 
Stewed rabbit. 



Poultry. 

Giblets of fowls. 
Goose. 
Larks. 
Pigfeon. 



Un fricandeau. 
un-ivi-can-do. 

Un rognon brochette. 

un-To-nion bro-shet 

Un ris de veau. 

2/r;2-rid-v6. 

Une cotelette de veau. 

iin cot-let de-vo. 

Du veau a I'oseille. 
dii-v6 alo-zeye. 

Du veau roti. 

dii v6 ro-ti. 

Du boudin noir. 

dii-boo-^/;? noar. 

Une saucisse aux choux. 

iin-so-sis 6-shoo. 

GiBIER. 

Ji-bie. 

Du canard aux petits 

pois. 
dii-ca-nar op-ti-p6a. 

Du civet de lievre. 
dii-si-ve de-lievr'. 

Une perdrix aux choux. 
iin-per-dri o-shoo. 
Du lapin saute. 
du-\a.-/>m so-te. 

VOLAILLE. 

V6-laye. 

Des abatis de volailles. 
de-za-ba-tid-v6-laye. 

De I'oie. 
de-16a. 

Des alouettes. 
de-za-loo-et. 
Un pigeon. 
un-pi-jon. 



86 



RESTAURANTS 



Plover. 

Quail 
Roast fowl. 
Chicken fricassee. 
Thrush. 
Turkey. 

Vegetables. 
Artichokes. 
Asparagus. 
Cauliflower. 
French beans. 
Fried potatoes. 
Green peas with sauce. 

Haricot beans. 
Mashed potatoes. 
Stewed potatoes. 
Stewed salsify. 
Sorrel with sauce. 
Spinach with sauce. 



Un pluvier. 
un-pln-vie. 

Une caille. 
iin-caye. 

Du poulet r6ti. 
dti-poo-le ro-ti. 

Une fricassee de poulet 
iin-fri-ca-sed-poo-le. 

Une grive. 
iin-griv. 
Du dindon. 
dn-dm-don. 

Lejgumes. 
Le-giim. 

Des artichauts. 
de-zar-ti-sho. 

Des asperges. 
de-zas-perj. 

Du chou-fleur. , 

dii choo-fier. 

Des haricots verts, 
de-a-ri-ko-ver, 

Des pommes frites. 
de-pom frit. 

Des petits pois a la 

f rangaise. , 
de p'ti-poa a-la-fran-^ez. 

Des haricots blancs. 
de a.-Ti-c6-d/an. 

Une pomme puree. 

iin-pom pii-re. 

Des pommes sautees. 

de-p6m-s6-te. 

Des salsifis sautes. 

de-sal-si-fi so-te. 

De I'oseille au jus. 

de 16-zeye 6-jii, 

Des epinards au jus. 

de-ze-pi-nar 6-ju. . 



n 



n 



RESTAURANTS 



87 



Dessert. 
Apple. 
Currant jam. 

A peach. 
A pear. 
Plums. 
Prunes. 
Stewed apples. 

Strawberries. 

White grapes — black. 

Ice cream. 



Dessert. 
De-ser. 

Une pomme. 
iin-pom. 

De la confiture de 

grozeilles. 
dla-r<?;z-fi-tiir de-gro-zeyCo 

Une peche. 
iin-pesh. 

Une poire, 
iin-poar. 

Des prunes, 
de-priin. 

Des pruneaux. 
de-prii-no. 

De la marmelade de 

pommes. 
de la-mar-me-lad de-pom. 
Des fraises. 
de-frez. 

Des raisins blancs — 

noirs. 

6.e-ve-zm blan — noar. 

Une glace, 
tin glas. 



In a Restaurant. 



Au Restaurant. 
0-res-t6-r«;z. 



Waiter, the bill of fare, Gargon, la carte, s'il vous 
please. plait. 

gar-i-^?/?, la-cart' si-voo- 
ple. 

The menu, miss, please. Mademoiselle, le menu, 

s. V. p. 
mad - moa - zel, Ism - nii, 
s. V. p. 
The wine-list, please. La carte des vins, s. v. p, 

13,-cart ^^-vin. 
A steak, underdone. Un bifteck saignant. 

un-\Ai-\.Q\i se-man. 



88 



RESTAURANTS 



A steak, to a turn. 
A steak, well done. 
Have you any beer? 
Give me some water. 
Give me some bread. 
Give me some pepper. 
Give me some salt. 
Give me a knife. 
Give me a fork. 

Give me a spoon. 
Give me a teaspoon. 

Give me a napkin. 

Coffee in a cup. 

Coffee in a glass. 

Coffee and cognac. 

Coffee and milk. 

Give me some coppers. 

There is a mistake in 
the bill. 



Un bifteck a point. 
itn-hii-tek a -pom. 
Un bifteck bien cuit. 
z<r;z-bif-tek bu;i ciii. 

Avez-vous de la biere? 
a-ve-voo dla-bier. 

Donnez-moi de I'eau. 
do-ne-moa de-16. 
Donnez-moi du pain, 
do-ne-moa dii-^/;/. 

Donnez-moi du poivre. 
do-ne-moa dii poavr'. 
Donnez-moi du sel. 
do-ne-moa-dii-sel . 
Donnez-moi un coutedu. 
do-ne-moa un-QOo-tb. 

Donnez-moi une four- 

chette. 
do-ne-moa iin-foor-shet. 

Donnez-moi une cuillere. 
do-ne-moa iin cii-ier. 

Donnez-moi une cuillere 

a cafe. 

do-ne-moa iin cii-ier a- 
ca-fe. 

Donnez-moi une ser- 
viette. 

do-ne-moa iin-ser-viet. 

Un cafe dans une tasse. 
un-csL-ie dan-zmx-tks. 
Un cafe dans un verre. 
tm-QSi-ie dan-zun-vhx. 

Un cafe cognac. 
z/;z-ca-fe-c6-nyak. 

Un cafe creme. 

z^;/-ca-fe-crem. 

Donnez-moi des sous. 

do-ne-moa de-soo. 

II y a erreur dans 

r addition, 
il-ia-er-rer da7i-\Q.-^-^\on. 



RESTAURANTS 



89 



Can I leave my bag 
here for two hours? 



I want to see the man- 
ager. 

At what time do you 
open in the morning? 



When do you close? 

Can I get a cup of 
chocolate or coffee 
here, in the morning? 



Can I have my letters 
addressed here? 



Can I leave a note here 
for a friend of mine? 



Waiter, where is the 

wash-hand stand?* 
Where is the W. C. ?t 



Puis-je laisser mon sac 
ici pendant deux 
heures? 

piiij le - se mon - sac - isi 
pan-dan de-zer? 

Je voudrais voir le gerant. 

je-voo-dre voar le-je-r^';/. 

A quelle heure ouvrez- 

vous, le matin? 
a-ke-ler 00-vre voo, le- 

ma-//;z? 
Quand fermez-vous? 
r«?z-fer-me-voo? 
Puis-je avoir une tasse 

de chocolat on de cafe 

ici, le matin: 
piiij avoar iin tas de-sho- 

c6-la 00 de-ca-f e i-si, le- 

ma-/z>z? 
Puis-je me faire adresser 

des lettres ici? 
piiij me-fer a-dre-se de 

letr' i-si? 
Puis-je laisser un mot ici 

pour un de mes amis? 
piiij le-se 2in-m6 i-si poor 

t^n de-me-za-mi? 
Gargon, ou est le lavabo? 
gav-son oo-e le-la-va-bo? 
Ou sont les cabinets? 
00-son le ca-bi-ne? 



In the Country. 

Could you direct me to 
a place where I could 
find something to eat? 



A LA Campagne. 
a-la-cam-pa-n. 

Pourriez-vous m'indiquer 
ou je pourrais trouver 
a manger? 

poo-rie-voo ?;/z>/-di-ke ooj- 
poo-re troo-ve a-nia/i-je? 



* In country places and small inns or restaurants, it is 
called la fontaine. 

t Don't be afraid of putting the question to the girl who 
is waiting on vou. In French the use of any word is unob- 
jectionable, as long as the purpose is proper. 



90 



RESTAURANTS 



Could you give me 
something to eat? 



Have you got any eggs? 

Could you make me an 
omelet of three or 
four eggs? 



Give me 
wine. 



a bottle of 



Pourriez-vous me donner 

quelque chose a man- 
ger? 
poo-rie-voo me do-ne kel- 

ke shoz Q,-inan-]el 
Avez-vous des oeufs? 
a-ve-voo-de-ze? 
Pouvez-vous me faire une 

omelette de trois ou 

quatre oeufs? 
poo-ve-voo me-f er iin om- 

let de troa oo catr' e? 
Donnez-moi une bou- 

teille de vin. 
do-ne-moa iin boo-teye 

de-vin. 
Donnez-moi un litre de 

cidre. 
do-ne-moa un litr' de- 

sidr'. 
Avez-vous du beurre?— 

du fromage?-des fruits? 

— de la salade? 
a-ve-voo dii-ber? — dii f ro- 

maj? — de-friii? — de-la- 

sa-lad? 
Donnez-moi ce que vous 

avez, n'importe quoi, 
do-ne-moa ske-voo-za-ve, 

nm-^orV koa. 
Ou puis-je mettre ma 

machine? 
oo piiij' metr' ma-ma- 
shin? 
Est-elle en surete, a la 

porte? 
e-tel«?2-siir-te, a-la-port'? 

As you are likely to be served by the landlady 
herself, no tip should be given. If you wish to be 
pleasant, ask the landlord to prendre un verre 
(have a drink), and tip the landlady's little boy a 
penny. Your meal will be all the better, and, 
very likely, the cheaper, 

N. B. — For the names of dishes, see p. 82. For 
the names of drinks, see p. 92. 



Give me a litre (one 
pint and three quar- 
ters) of cider. 

Have you any butter? — 
any cheese? — fruit? — 
fruits? — salad? 



Give me anything you 
have. 



Where can 
bicycle? 



I put my 



Will it be all right out- 
side? 



CAPES 

Drinks of all kinds, but only drinks, are seived 
in cafes, unless they are cafes- restaurants. In 
large towns, most cafes of any pretension have 
a terrasse (te-ras), i.e., a place outside with chairs, 
tables, and an awning. 

On going into or out of a cafe, it is customaiy 
to raise one's hat to the lady-cashier at the counter. 

One way of calling the waiter is to shout gargon 
(gar-son — lay a forcible stress on the son) or to 
knock on the table with the handle of a stick or 
umbrella. If you are outside, on the terrasse, 
give a knock against the pane, but gently. The 
price of those windows or panes, as you are per- 
haps aware, generally varies directly as the cube 
of their area, as mathematicians would say. 

The waiter usually answers the call by bellowing 
out, "vozld'" (= coming), or simply "Oh" (which 
does not mean that he is suffering bodily pains ; 
nor does it correspond to the resurrection of the 
Latin O, which started about six years ago in 
Cincinnati, O., or some other place in O-hi-O, 
and which is running its course like the measles 
all over the U, S., where the O ! John, O ! Henry, 
O ! Bill, O ! Peter have effectually displaced the 
old worn-out "say, John," etc., and the more 
modern and insolent "I say, John," etc.). He then 
comes round with a gu'est-ce qu'il faut vous 
servir? or, que prenez-vous? (What will you have?) 

In all cafes you may ask for writing materials. 
Cards, dominoes, chess, billiards (without pockets) 
are played. For the latter a charge of from o fr. 
30 to o fr. 50 per hour is usually made. News- 
papers, cigars (cigarettes in packets only) are also 
procurable. Also stamps, generally. Tip, not 
less than 2 cents (10 centimes) per person in good 
middle-class cafes ; 4 cents (20 centimes) at least 
in swell places. As no charge is made for paper, 
ink and pen, it is usual to tip the waiter a few 
cents extra when use has been made of them. In 
most cafes there is a letter-box. 

91 



92 



CAFKS 



At a Cafe:. 

(Before Lunch or 
Dinner.) 



A glass of water. 

A glass of soda-water. 

Waiter, a vermouth, 
straight. (o fr. 30) 

Waiter, a vermouth, 
with syrup. 

(o fr. 30) 

Waiter, a vermouth, 
with curagao. 

(o fr. 40) 

Waiter, a glass of 
Madeira. (o fr. 60) 

Waiter, a glass of 
Malaga. (o fr. 60) 



Au Cafe;. 
O-ca-fe. 

(Avant le Dejeuner 

ou le Diner.) 

Si-van le-de-je-ne 

oole-di-ne. 

Un verre d'eau. 

ttJi ver do. ^^ 

Une eau de seltz. 

iin 6d selts. 

Gargon, un vermouth sec. 

^ax-son, U7t ver-moot sec. 

Gargon, un vermouth 
gomme. 

gar-^^«, un ver-moot go- 
me. 

Gargon, un vermouth 

curagao. 
^v-son, un ver-moot kii- 

ra-so. 

Gargon, un Madere. 
gar-jf?;?, un ma-der. 

Gargon, un Malaga. 
%2ir-son, un ma-la-ga. 



(After Lunch or 
Dinner. ) 



Waiter, a cup of coffee, 
(o fr. 30) 

Waiter, a cup of coffee 
in a glass. 

(o fr. 30) 

Waiter, a cup of coffee 
in a cup. 

(o fr. 30) 

Waiter, a cup of coffee 
with milk. (o fr. 30) 



(Apres le Dejeuner 
ou le Diner. ) 
a-pre le-de-je-ne- 
00 le-di-ne. 
Gargon, un cafe. 
gSir-so?i, tut ca-fe. 

Gargon, un cafe, dans un 

verre. 
gax-son, un ca-fe dan^ 

zun ver, 

Gargon, un cafe, dans 

une tasse. 
^ax-son, un ca-fe dan' 

ziin tas. 
Gargon, un cafe creme. 
^a,r-son, un ca-fe crem. 



CAFES 



93 



Waiter, a glass of rum. Gargon, 

(o fr. 30) gav-son. 

Waiter, a glass of cog- Gar§on, 

nac. (o fr. 30) gar-son, 

Waiter, a glass of old Gargon, 

cognac. (o fr, 50) gar-son. 

Waiter, a glass of char- Gargon, 

treuse. (ofr. 75) gar-son. 

Waiter, a glass of bene- G argon, 

dictine. (o fr. 60) gar-son. 

Waiter, a glass of Gargon, 

kummel. (o fr. 50) gar-son, 

Waiter, a glass of gin. Gargon, 

(o fr. 40) gar-son. 

Waiter, a pot of tea. G argon, 

(o fr. 75) gar-son, 

Waiter, a pot of tea Gargon, 

with rum. (ofr. 75) gar-son, 

Waiter, a pot of tea Gargon, 

with milk. (ofr. 75) gar-son, 



un rhum. 
un rom. 

un cognac. 
z/;z c6-niac. 

une fine, 
iia fin. 

une chartreuse, 
iin char-trez. 

une benedictine. 
iin be-ne-dic-tin. 

un kummel. 
un kii-mel. 

un genievre. 
un ge-nyevr. 

un the. 
un te. 

un the au rhum. 
un te-o-roni. 
un the au lait. 
un te-6-le. 



(In the Afternoon or 
Evening. ) 



Waiter, 

Waiter, 
juice. 

Waiter, 
adine 

Waiter, 
adine 



a glass of beer. 

(o fr. 30) 
a glass of lemon 

(o fr. 40) 

a glass of gren- 
(o fr. 30) 
a glass of gren- 
with kirsch. 

(o fr. 40) 



Waiter, a glass of pep- 
permint, straight. 

(o fr. 30) 
Waiter, a glass of pep- 
permint with water, 
(o fr. 30) 



(L'Apres-midi ou 

le Soir.) 

la pre-mi-di-ool-s6ar. 

Gargon, un bock. 
gar-son, un-hoc. 

Gargon, une citronade. 
gar-S07i, iin-si-tro-nad. 

Gargon, une grenadine. 
gar-son, iin gre-na-dm. 

Gargon, une grenadine 

au kirsch. 
gar-'S,07i, iin gre-na-din 

o-kirsh. 

Gargon, une m e n t h e 

seche. 
gar-so7t, iin 7nanX. sesh. 
Gargon, une menthe a 

I'eau. 
gar- son. 



iin 77iant a-lo. 



94 



CAFKS 



Waiter, a cup of choco- 
late, (o fr. 60) 

Waiter, a bottle of 
champagne. 



Gar§on, un chocolat. 
ga.r-son, z/;2-sh6-co-la. 

Gargon, nne bouteille de 
champagne. 

gav-son, tin boo-teye de 
shan-paTtyQ. 

N. B. — The prices given in brackets are those 
charged in good middle-class cafes, either in Paris 
or in provincial towns. 

In French cafes the customer sits down to 
imbibe whatever he has ordered. Only in the 
wine shops for the working classes, or in so-called 
"American bars," are drinks served and drunk at 
the counter. 



Miscellaneous. 

A friend of mine was to 
meet me here ; I can- 
not wait for him any 
longer. If he calls, 
please hand him this 
note. 



Waiter, give me an illus- 
trated paper. 



Waiter, give me some 
ink and paper. 



Have you got a stamp? 

Is there a letter-box 
here? 



Divers. 
Di-ver. 

Un de mes amis devait 
me rejoin dre ici. Je ne 
peux I'attendre plus 
longtemps. S'il vient, 
ayez I'obligeance de 
lui remettre ce billet. 

un dme-za-mi de-vem-re- 
jom - dr' i-si. Jen - pe 
\Q,-\,andLV 'p\n-\on-tan. 
Sil vim e-ie \6-bli-jans 
de-liiir-metr' se bi-ie. 

Gargon, donnez-moi un 

journal illustre. 
gSLT-son, do-ne-moa un- 

joor-nal i-liis-tre. 

Gargon, donnez-moi de 
quoi ecrire, s'il vous 
plait. 

gar-son, do-ne-moa de- 
koa e-crir, si-voo-ple, 

Avez-vous un timbre? 
a-ve-voo un-t/nbr' ? 

Y a-t-il une boite aux 

lettres ici? 
ia-til iin-boat 6-letr' i-si? 



TOBACCO STORES 

Tobacco, like colors and things to eat and drink, 
is a matter of taste which it would be idle to dis- 
pute about: De gustibus, coloribus et . . , 
tobacco non est disputandum. 

Of course, the French "stuff" is a thoroughly 
despicable thing in the eyes of any decent Ameri- 
can. I beg to reserve judgment, and not to give 
my casting vote. But it is just possible that 
tobacco to you is 

" Sweet when the morn is gray, 
Sweet when they've cleared away 
lyunch, and at close of day 
Possibly sweetest." 

And if so, and you have been unable to smuggle 
into anti-free-trade France a sufficient supply, you 
will be tempted (or compelled, or eager) to try the 
article which in France is distributed by the 
government alone. 

The sign of a tobacco store in villages and small 
towns is a small red cask, painted over with pipes 
and playing-cards. It is hung up at the entrance 
of the shop, often a grocer's shop, with the usual 
display of cigar-cases and pipes, of the church- 
warden description, in the window. 

In Paris a tobacco store ( Tabac or Bureau de 
Tabac) is easily recognized by the red lamp out- 
side. Red is also the official color of police sta- 
tions {Commissariats de police). Do not confound 
these two establishments ! 

There is, in Paris, a tobacco store which I'm 
afraid (why am I afraid?) I must recommend — 
free of charge — to foreigners, and that is La 
Civette. It is on the Place du Theatre Fran- 
gaise, opposite the omnibus station. It is con- 
sidered the best place in Paris for tobacco and 
cigars, domestic and imported. 

Tobacco is commonly sold in packages of o fr. 50 

95 



96 TOBACCO STORES 

and o fr. 80, but you can also ask for 10, 15, 20, 
25, etc., centimes' worth of the same. 

A packet of Scaferlati ordinaire costs o f r. 50 
(gray paper). 

A packet of Scaferlati siiperieiir costs o fr. 80 
(blue paper). 

A packet of Maryland costs o fr. 80 (yellow 
paper). 

You can get cigars for o fr. 5 or o fr. 10, and, 
truly, they are no worse than many of those for 
which you pay 5 cents in the States. The 
demi-londr^s (o fr. 15) is smokable, and the 
Lojidres is a thoroughly good weed ... if dry, 
far superior to what is sold in America . . . but, 
hush, this is again a matter of smoke. 

Cigarettes are sold in packets of 20, at o fr. 50; 
o fr. 60 ; o f r. 70 ; o fr. 80, according to the quality 
of Scaferlati, of which they are made. 

Hand-made cigarettes are now to be found at 
most tobacconists'. Cigarettes are never sold one 
or two at a time. 

French matches enjoy a world-wide reputation 
for badness. But you can't possibly realize how 
bad they are, especially the "safety" ones (/. e., 
those which won't light, whether you rub them 
gently or roughly on the box) until you have tried 
them. So buy a box of these for fun — not for 
light ; but for fear of using bad language, only do 
so when you are in a good temper, by no means 
otherwise. Remember that a box of a thousand 
only costs 5 cents in New York and does not take 
up much room in a great-coat pocket. Of course, 
you will pay the slight custom-house duty. ' But, 
for your own sake, don't support our home 

INDUSTRIES. 

At all tobacco stores you can find postage 
stamps, postal and letter-cards and a letter-box. 
But as the letter-box is carefully hidden away in 
the front of the shop — French people are so prac- 
tical, you know ! — it is probable that you will miss 
the tiny aperture of the tiny box, if you don't 
search for it energetically. 

Playing-cards and stamped paper (for drafts, 
legal documents, etc. ) are also found here. 



TOBACCO STORES 



97 



Tobacco Stores. 

Where is there a tobac- 
co-store, if you please? 



A lo-cent packet of 
tobacco. 



A packet of superior 
Scaferlati. 



A packet of Maryland. 

A packet of cigarettes 
at lo cents. 



A packet of cigarettes 
at 12 cents. 



A packet of cigarettes 
at 70 centimes (14 
cents). 

A packet of cigarettes 
at 16 cents. 



A packet of hand-made 
cigarettes, at 50, 60, 
80 centimes. 



A packet of Havana 
cigarettes. 

A 2-cent cigar. 



Marchands de Tabac. 
yiax-skan de-ta-ba. 

Ou y a-t-il un bureau de 
tabac, s. v. p.? 

00 ia-til /^;2-bii-r6d-ta-ba, 
si-voo-ple? 

Un paquet de tabac k 
cinquante. 

un-psL-ked - ta - ba a sm- 
cant. 

Un paquet de Scafer- 
lati superieur. 

un-psi- ked - sea- f er-la-ti 
sii-pe-ri-er, 

Un paquet de Maryland. 
un--gsi-ke6.-iiyisi-ri-lan. 

Un paquet de cigarettes 

a cinquante. 
?/;?-pa-ked-si-ga-ret a.-sm- 

cajii. 

Un paquet de cigarettes 

a soixante. 
/^7Z-pa-ked-si-ga-ret a-s6a- 

saitt. 

Un paquet de cigarettes 

a soixante dix. 
un-pa-ked si-ga-ret a soa- 

sant dis. 
Un paquet de cigarettes 

a quatre-vingts. 
2/;2-pa-ked-si-ga-ret a-ca- 

tve-zfin. 

Un paquet de cigarettes 
faites a la main, a 50, 
60, 80. 

^<r/2-pa-ked-si-ga-ret fet a- 
la-mm, a 50, 60, 80. 

Un paquet de cigarettes 

Havane. 
^^;2-pa-ked-si.ga-ret a-van. 
Un cigar de dix centimes. 
«/«-si-gar de-di-san-tim. 



q8 



TOBACCO STORES 



Two demi-londres. 

Three londres. 

Abox of Swedish 
matches. (o fr. lo) 

A box of wax matches, 
(o fr. 15) 

Abox of common 
matches. (o fr. lo) 



A box of fusees. 

(o fr. lo) 
Is there anything else? 

No, thanks, that's all. 

Let me look at some 
pipes, — clay, — briar, 
— meerschaum. 



These cigars look very 
strong. 



I like them mil d. 
medium. 



How much a dozen, a 
box? 



We have no imported 
cigars. 



Deux demi-londres. 

ded-mi-/6'?z-dres. 

Trois londres. 

troa /<?;z-dres. 

Une boite d'allumettes 

suedoises. 
iin boat da-lii-met siie- 

doaz. 
Une boite d'allumettes 

bougies, 
iin boat-da-lii-met boo-ji. 
Une boite d'allumettes 

ordinaires. 
iin boat-da-lii-met or-di- 

ner. 
Une boite de tisons. 
iin boat-de-ti-^-^j^. 
Et avec ga? 
e-a-vec-sa? 
C'est tout, merci. 
se-too mer-si. 
Montrez-moi des pipes en 

terre, — en bruyere, — 

en ecume. 
7non-tTe-ni6a, de pip an 

ter, — an brii-yer, — an 

e-kiim. 

Ces cigares ont Fair 

d'etre tres forts, 
se-si-gar on ler detr' tre 

for. 

Je les prefere legers, 

demi-forts. 
je-le pre-fer le-je, de-mi- 

for. 
Combien la douzaine, la 

boite? 
con - him la - doo - zen, la 

boat? 
Nous n'avons pas de 

cigares etrangers. 
noo-na-von pad-si-gar e- 

tvan-je. 



WITH THE DOCTOR 

It is all very well to sit upon doctors and say 
they are no good, when you feel as fit as a fiddle, 
but if you find yourself seriously ill, especially if 
you are alone in a big town, the best thing for you 
to do is to have yourself taken to a hospital, and 
try to get admitted there. It is safer and cheaper 
in everyway. If you should "kick the bucket," 
or as the French phrase runs, "break your pipe," 
you have a chance of being buried at the expense 
of the State. How nice! And, what is really 
unique, this end may be attained without having; 
to tip any one ! 

If you are only seedy, or not up to par, and if 
the various pick-me-ups to be had in French cafes; 
have not set you right, send for a doctor, or better 
still, go and see one yourself. 

In Paris and large towns the usual fee is 5 or 10 
fr., and in most provincial towns 3 fr. for a con- 
sultation. Consultation hours are generally from 
12 to 2 or 3. French doctors do not supply their 
patients with medicines. You must take the 
prescription to a druggist's. 

If you want to get a doctor's address, ask some 
one in the hotel where you are staying, or in thc- 
restaurant where you are dining. If you shoulc 
feel indisposed when out of doors go to the neares 
drug store. The dispenser of pills and soothing 
syrups will at once direct you to a doctor, who 
will "happen to be a friend of his." 

With the Doctor. Chez le Mj^decin. 

Shel-med-sm. 

Could you recommend Pourriez-vousm'indiquer 
me a doctor? un medecin? 

poo-rie-voo 7m'n-di-'ke un 
med-sin? 

Do you know a doctor Connaissez -vous un 
in this part? medecin dans le 

quartier? 
c6-ne-se-voo uti rahd-sin 
; dan le-car-tie? 

99 



lOO 



WITH THE DOCTOR 



Is Dr. X. at home? 



How long will it be 
before he comes back? 



May I see him? 
May I wait for him? 



I'll call again in one- 
two — three hours. 



I'll come again to-mor- 
row at his consulta- 
tion hours. 



Question. — Where do 
you feel pain? 

Answer. — In the side, 
in the head, in the 
abdomen, in the 
chest. 



Q. — How long have you 
been feeling the 
pain? 

A. — Since this morning, 
yesterday. 

Q. — Do you feel any 
pain when you are 
breathing? 



Le Docteur X. est-il chez 

lui? 
le doc-ter X. e-til she liii? 

Dans combien de temps 

va-t-il rentrer? 
dan-con-him de-tan va-til 

ran-trel 

Puis-je le voir? 
piiij le-v6ar. 

Puis-je I'attendre? 
piiij la-fandv' ? 

Je repasserai dans une— 
deux — trois heures. 

jer-pas-re dan-zun — de— 
troa-zer. 

Je reviendrai demain 
a I'heure de sa consul 
tation. 

jer-vi/>z-dre de-mz'n a-ler 
de sa-con-su\-ta.-&ion. 

Demande. — Oii souffrez- 

vous? 
D. — oo-soo-f re-voo? 

Reponse. — Au cote, a la 

tete, dans le ventre, 

dans la poitrine. 
R. — 5-c6-te, a-la-tet, dan- 

le vantr', dan-\a.-p6a- 

trin. 

D. — Depuis quand souf- 
frez-vous? 

D . — de-pm-can soo - f re- 
voo? 

R. — Depuis ce matin, 

hier. 
R. — de-piii-sma-tz>2, ier. 

D. — Souffrez-vous quand 

vous respirez? 
D. — soo-f re-voo can voo 

re-spi-re? 



WITH THE DOCTOR 



lOI 



A. — Yes, no. 

— A little. Very much. 

Q. — Show me your 
tongue. 

—Take a long breath. 



Am I well enough to 
travel? 



Do you advise me to 
go back straight to 
America? 



Shall I be well in a day 
or two? 



Am I feverish? 

Must I go to bed? 

Can you tell me of a 
private hospital? 



Do I only want a day's 
rest? 



How much do I owe 
you, Doctor? 



R. — Oui, non, monsieur, 
R. — ooi, non, me-sie. 

— Un peu. Beaucoup, 
— un pe. bo-coo. 

D . — Montrez - moi votre 

langue. 
D. — vion - \xh, - vnok vot- 

lan%. 

— Respirez 1 o n g u e 

ment. 

— res-pi-re long-man. 

Vais-je-assez bien pour 

voyager? 
vej a-se hlzn poor v6a-ia- 

je? 

M e conseillez-vous d e 

retourner de suite en 

Amerique? 
me - con - se-ie-voo de-re- 

toor-ne de siiit an A- 

me-rik? 

Irai-je bien dans un jour 

ou deux? 
i-rej him dan zun joor oo 

de? 

Ai-je la fievre? 
ej la-fievr' ? 

Faut-il que je me couche? 
fo-til kej-me-coosh? 

Pouvez-vous m'indiquer 
une maison de sante? 

poo-ve-voo ;;2//z-di-ke iin 
vae-zon dQ-sa?t-tel 

N 'ai-je besoin que d'un 

jour de repos? 
neyhe-zom ke-dun joor 

der-po? 

Combien vous dois-je, 
monsieur le docteur? 

con-bun voo-doaj me-sie 
le doc-ter? 



MONEY MATTERS 

"... Their cpsh was strange, 
It bored me every minute. 
Now here's a hoe, to change, 
How many sows are in it ! " 

(Hood's Comic Poems.) 

All French measures — of dimensions, weight, 
value, etc. — are based on the decimal system. 
The American dollar being also divided up into 
one hundred cents, the only difficulty is to remem- 
ber the relative value of the two units, dollar and 
franc. 

Leaving aside for a moment the minute and 
ever-changing exchange rate (see further) for all 
practical purposes 

I dollar equals 5 francs. 
I cent equals 5 centimes. 
And, as in ordinary conversation with shopkeepers 
and tradespeople, 5 centimes is called i sou {soo), 
10 centimes deux sous {soo), 25 centimes cinq 
sous, 50 centimes dix sous, 75 centimes quinze 
sous, etc. , it is well to remember that 

a Sou is a Cent. 

The decimal .system is carried out to the extent 
that all coins and banknotes are of denominations 
which are multiples of 10, or of which 10 is a 
multiple. This gives the following series : i, 2, 5, 
10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 500, 1,000, 2,000, 5,000, etc. 

COINS IN USE. 
Copper, 

5 centimes or i sou = i cent. 
10 " "2 sous = 2 cents. 





Sliver. 


20 centimes 
50 

1 franc 

2 francs 

5 " 


or 4 sous = 4 cents (rare) 
" 10 " = 10 " 
" 20 " =20 " 
" 40 " =40 " 
" 100 " =: 1 dollar. 



MONEY MATTERS IO3 

Gold. 

5 francs = i dollar. 
10 " =2 dollars. 
20 " =4 " 

There are also gold pieces of fo fr. and 100 fr. ; 
they are but rarely met with, except at the 
Monte Carlo gaming tables. 

In America it is customary to write $0 20 for 
"20 cents." In France ''20 centimes' :^^= 4 sous) 
is written and printed, o f r. 20. 

BANKNOTES. 

The only kind of paper currency issued in 
France consists of notes of the Bank of France. 
They are of the following denominations: 50 fr,, 
100 fr., 200 fr., 500 fr., and 1,000 fr. 

USEFUL HINTS. 

American bills or gold are readily exchanged 
for the currency of the country everywhere in 
Europe, and as you are in no danger in France of 
being cheated in the transaction, the banks being 
all solid institutions, we advise you to make the 
change over there. 

American gold is a little higher than the 
French, so that the exchajige rate is: 

I franc = $0. 193 
instead of being $0.20. When buying French 
money, you will, therefore, getrnore than 25 
francs for $5, and, of course, when selling French 
money you must give more than 25 francs for $5. 
To this difference you must add the bank's, or the 
broker's, commission. 

The Credit Lyonnaz's, the Coinptoir d' Escompte, 
and the Soczete Generate have branch offices all 
over Paris and in all the larger French cities, and 
are entirely reliable. 

CAUTION. 

Copper, silver, and gold coins from Switzerland, 
Belgium and Greece, circulate in France at the 
same rate as French coins. r 

But Refuse at all places Italian coins of 2 lire, 
I lire, o 1. 50 and o 1. 20 centesimi, bearing the 



104 



MONEY MATTERS 



effigies of Vittorio Emanuele and Umberto I., 
from 1863 to the present day. Italian gold and 
5 lire pieces must be accepted, as legal tender. 

Refuse all coins from the following countries — 
Austria, Saxony, Bavaria, Spain, The Nether- 
lands, Sardinia, Mexico, Colombia, Brazil, Peru, 
Hayti, Chili, Roumania, and the Argentine Re- 
public. Also all Papal pieces. Beware more 
especially of the following, which are continually 
palmed off on unwary travelers, native as well as 
foreign: Mexican^ Peruvian, and Papal. 

Don't look askance at English or Italian cop- 
pers, as they are accepted by every one, except at 
Post-Offices, 

Don't trust your money into a stranger's hands, 
unless you are perfectly sure that all is right. 



In this connection we will say a few words 
about other measures, all based on the decimal 
system: 

A centijneter is about 0.3937 of an inch.- 

A meter is about i yard and 3 inches. 

A kilometer is about ^ of a statute mile. 

A kilogram is about 2 pounds, 

A grai7i is about 153^ grains troy. 

A liter is about a quart. 

Try to appreciate the decimal system while you 
are in France, and once back in the United States 
write to your best local daily and advocate its 
immediate adoption in America. 



Money Matters. 

Is there an exchange- 
office near here? 



How much do you give 
in French money for 
a dollar? 



La Question d'Argent. 

La-kes-ti(?« A^x-jan. 
Y a-t-il un bureau de 

change par ici? 
la-til un-\m.-xodi.-shan] pa- 

ri-si? 
Combien donnez-vous en 

argent frangais pour 

un dollar? 

con - \y\in d6-ne-voo an- 
nav-j'an /ran-se poor 
un d6-lar-a-me-ri-k/«? 



MONEY MATTERS 



105 



I want to change 2, 3, 
4, 5 dollars. 



Can you give me two 
fifty-franc notes, in- 
stead of a hundred- 
franc note? 



Is this coin all right? 



Can you give me small 
change for 10 francs? 



Can I cash this check 
here? 

What commission do 
you charge? 



I can give you one, two 
references in Paris. 



Je voudrais changer 2, 

3, 4, 5 dollars, 
je-voo-dre shan-]k. de, 

troa, catr, smk — do-lar. 
Pouvez vous me donner 

deux billets de 50 

francs, au lieu d'un 

billet de 100 francs? 
poo - ve - voom-do-ne de- 

hx-x^di-sm - kaii'i /ran, 

o - lie - dtin - bi-ied-.y«/z- 

franl 
Est-ce que cette piece-la 

est bonne? 
es-ke-set-pies-la e-bon? 
Pourriez-vous me donner 

dix francs de petite 

monnaie? 
poo - rie - voom-do-ne di- 

fran dep-tit-mo-ne? 
Puis-je toucher ce cheque 

ici? 
'pii-ij too-she se-shek isi? 
C o m b i e n faites-v o u s 

payer de commission? 
con-hun fet-voo pe-ie de- 

co-mi-si^;2? 
Je peux vous donner 

I'adresse d ' u n e , de 

deux personnes a Paris, 
je-pe voo-do-ne la-dres 

diin, de-de per -son a 

Pa-ri. 



The most convenient way of carrying money is 
a letter of credit, obtainable at any large bank. 

As a rule, you cannot get your money back after 
it has once passed out of your hand. Before you 
pay, therefore, be sure you get the articles you 
have purchased. 

If in shopping you have the goods sent to the 
hotel, take a receipt, and see that it reads right, and 
that it is on a proper billhead, indicating the firm's 
name and location, and the name of the cashier. 



SHOPPING 



You must expect to be "done" in making pur- 
chases. It is the prerogative of all foreigners. 
But it is just as well to try and be done as rarely 
as possible. 

The shops in the vicinity of the Rue Royale, 
Avenue de I'Opera, Rue de RivoH and other 
"swell" streets, should be entered with a sense of 
wariness. The storekeeper and his attendants 
know you are his helpless victims and have been 
taught that all Americans have an unlimited bank 
account. Besides, the rent is enormous, and 
profits, therefore, must be in proportion ! Make 
up your mind calmly how much you will give, 
and then stick to it. Just repeat the figure until 
the attendant consents or politely retreats. 

This does hot apply to the so-called English 
shops, where you can haggle as much as you 
please in ^^our own lingo, and where you will be 
done no more than you would be in any shop in 
London. 



Shopping. 
I want a — 
Show me some — • 
How much? 
It's too dear. 
Have you got cheaper? 



Have you another 
color? 



All right, I'll take this. 



Achats. 

Asha. 

Je voudrais un — 
je-voo-dre-5'?/;z — 
Montrez-moi des— 
?;z^;z-tre-m6a de — 

Combien? 

con-\ntnl 

C'est trop cher, 

se-tro sher. 

Avez - vous m e i 1 1 e u r 

marche? 
a-ve-voo me-ier mar-she? 

Avez-vous une autre 
couleur? 

a-ve-voo zii - no - tre- coo- 
ler? 

Bien, je vais prendre ga. 
him, ]'ve pra7i&f sa. 



1 06 



SOCIAL CUSTOMS 

PHRASES OF POLITENESS AND 
GREETING 

It was Steele, I think, who said that one may- 
know a foreigner by his answering only no or yes 
to a question, while a Frenchman generally uses 
a whole sentence. So, never answer oui or non 
alone to a question; that's English; but always 
add: Monsieur, Madame, or Mademoiselle; 
that's French. 

The word Monsieur is as appropriately used in 
speaking to a counter-jumper as to the President 
of the Republic. They 'are both monsieur. So, 
use the words Monsieur, Madame, Mademoiselle 
freely, and do in France as the French do. Take 
off your hat to men as well as to ladies, when you 
meet them or come up to speak to them. If you 
have been introduced to a person, lady or gentle- 
man, older than yourself, take off your hat first, 
when you meet him or her. . Contrary to what is 
the custom in America, never wait for a lady to 
bow to you before taking off your hat to her. 

When you are going to pay a call put your gloves 
on. When you are asked to dinner, keep them 
on after being shown into the drawing-room until 
you go into the dining-room. Don't excuse your- 
self for wearing gloves when you are shaking 
hands. It is not only permissible but customary 
to shake hands with gloves on. 

Never shake hands with a lady or gentleman on 
being introduced. Bow gracefully, if you can, 
and do not say: Comment-vous portez-vous? — 
a phrase that most English people know, and that 
French people use very little. In many cases ' 'how 
d'ye do" should be rendered by a bow. or by 
bonjour, monsieiir (or madanie, made?noiselle). 

A frock coat, not evening dress, is usually worn 
at the dinner table, in cases in which a dress suit 
would be worn in American uppertendom. 

If you get married while in France you will be 
expected to go through the ceremony in evening 
dress. (Beware of the French mother-in-law!) 

107 



I08 SOCIAL CUSTOMS 

When dinner is over you must take out into the 
drawing-room the lady you took into the dining- 
room and look very pleasant and much pleased all 
the time. The English ceremony which consists 
in bowing the ladies out of the dining-room, in 
order to allow the gentlemen to "stay over their 
wine," to put their elbows on the table, cross their 
legs, talk racing, betting, club scandal, etc., etc., 
and get groggy, and half seas over, is unknown in 
France. 

When you are at table, don't talk about Joan of 
Arc, Waterloo, the battle of Trafalgar, Egypt, the 
Spanish-American war, the needs of your navy, 
and — above all — never threaten any one to write 
to the New York Herald, the London Times, or 
to your ambassador. French vanity is highly 
explosive. The slightest shock may cause strange 
changes. 

SPECIAL DON'TS. 

If you think you are a gentleman in America : 

Don't be a cad in France. 

Don't be negligent in dress, language, etc. 

Don't walk about in churches, with this little 
book in your hand, during divine service. 

Don't go about in knickers or wear a cycling 
cap in the streets unless you are a gentleman of the 
wheel. 

Don't look like a conqueror in a conquered land. 

Don't show your contempt for the manners and 
customs of "darned foreigners"; you are the 
"foreigner" as long as you tread the French soil. 

Don't sneer at the practices of the Roman 
Church and proclaim them degrading and 
idolatrous. 

Don't jeer at priests and processions, 

" The moment that you land in France 
lyike 'Arry in Belong." 

So that we may not wrong 

" The Yankee folk, and judge them all 
By 'Arry in Bolong." 

And you. Me s dames les Ajn^ricaines, you know 
what your reputation in France is. Yes, the solid 



SOCIAL CUSTOMS 



109 



comfort, the neatness and artistic taste evident on 
and about the American girl and her ma, are pro- 
verbial even among les Pariszennes, the trimmest 
"of the world," as they say in Chicago. 

A GENERAL DON'T. 

"Whatever you say, 

Don't forget to tack on Monsieur, Madame, 
Mademoiselle, to Oui, Nojt, Merci. At bed time 
repeat fifty times: Oui, Monsieur; Non, 
Madame; Merci, Mademoiselle (No, thank you, 
see p. 79). 

Never fails ; success guaranteed ; acts as a lubri- 
cator, avoiding all friction; saves money, time, 
and temper. 

In English they say, it's money that makes the 
mare go. Well, then, remember that every man 
or woman in France, high or low, expects this 
"small change of politeness" at every turn. 



Politeness and 
Greeting. 



Good morning. 
Good day. 
Good afternoon. 
How do you do? 

Good evening. 
Good night. 
How are you? 



How are 
on? 

Allow me. 



How is your father? 



How is your sister? 



Politesse et Salu- 
tations. 
P6-li-tes e-sa-lii-ta-si<?;?. 
Bon jour, monsieur, ma- 
dame, mademoiselle. 
don-]oov, me-sie, madam, 

mad-moa-zel. 
Bonsoir, monsieur, etc. 
don-soar, me-sie, etc. 

Comment allez-vous? 
c6-;;2^;2-ta-le-voo? 

you getting Comment ga va-t-il? 
co-man sa-va-til? 
Permettez-moi. 
per-me-te-moa. 

Comment va monsieur 

votre pere? 
CO - man -va me-sie-vot- 

per? 

Comment va mademoi- 
selle votre soeur? 

co-7nan-wa mad-moa-zel 
votr' ser? 



no 



SOCIAL CUSTOMS 



Remember me to your 
mother. 



Kind regards to your 
brother. 



Thank you very much 
for meeting me. 



Thank you for your 
kind invitation. 



Dont mention it. 

It is not worth speak- 
ing of. 



Can I do anything for 
you? 

Do you mind smoking? 



I'll see you by and by. 

Till to-morrow. 

Till this evening. 

Pardon me. 

I beg your pardon. 

Thanks. 



Mes hommages a ma- 
dame votre mere 

me - z6 - maj a - ma - dam 
votr' mer. 

Bonjour a (monsieur) 

votre frere. 
bo7t-]oor a (me-sie) vot 

frer. 

Merci beaucoup d'etre 
venu a ma rencontre. 

mer-si bo-coo detr' ve-nii 
Si-mSi-ra7t-conir\ 

Merci bien pour votre 

aimable invitation, 
mer-si him poor v6-tre- 
mabr zn-vi-ta.-s\ojt. 

II n'y a pas de quoi. 
il nia pad koa. 

Cela ne vaut pas la peine 

d'en parler. 
slan - v5 - pa - la-pen dan- 

par-le. 

Puis-je vous etre utile? 
piiij voo-zetr' ii-til? 

La fumee vous derange- 

t-elle? 
la-fii-me woo-&e-ra7tj-te\l 

A tout a I'heure. 
a-too-ta-ler. 

A demain. 
a,6.-i7izn. 

A ce soir. 
as-soar. 

Pardon. 

-^SiV-dOTt. 

Je vous demande pardon. 
je-vood-;;«««d-par-rt'(C«. 

Merci. 
mer-si. 



SOCIAL CUSTOMS, 



III 



Thank you. 




Merci bien {ou merci, 

monsieur). 
mer-si-bi2>2 (or mer-sl 

me-sie). 


Good-bye. 




Au revoir. 
6r-voar. 


Farewell, a pleasant 


Bon voyage. 


journey 




bo7i voa-iaj. 


Will you do me a 


favor? 


Voulez-vous me rendre 

un service? 
voo - le-voo m'r«;z - &^nn 

ser-vis? 


With pleasure. 




Volontiers. 
voAon-Mk.. 


Please call again. 




Veuillez revenir. 



I] am ever' so much 
'obliged to you. 

I shall be only too 
happy. 



ve-iye re-vnir. 

Je vous suis fort oblige, 
je voo siii for 6b-li-je. 

Cela me fera le plus 

grand plaisir. 
sla me fra le-plii-gr^;^ 

ple-zir. 



After Treading on 

Treador — "I do beg 
your pardon." 



Treadee — "It's all 
right." 

Treador {s y^np at he tic- 
ally)— 'X}\^ I hurt 
you?" 

Treadee {aside) — "I 
rather think 70U did"; 
{aloud and smiling), 
"Oh! not at all!!" 



Somebody's Bad Corn. 

"Je vous demande bien 

pardon." 
je-vood - 7na7i6. - bi/;z par- 

don. 

"11 n'y pas de mal." 
il nia pad-mal. 

"Vous ai-je fait mal?" 
voo-zej fe-mal? 

{apart) — "J'te crois": 
{haul souriant) ; "O, du 
tout ! — monsieur ! — au 
contraire!!" 
(a-par) j'te-croa (o, soo- 
x\an) 6, dii-too! — me- 
sie I — o-con-\.xhx ! ! 



1 1: 



TWELVE CITY ROUTES 



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St; 



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'^^.^.^4: 



"^-Zk 



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r 



^p-. 



V 



tte 



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b=» 



Theatre de I'Arabigu - Gomiqae 
Thealrede la Porte SI. Martin 
Theatre de la Renaissance 
Porte St. Martin 

Porte St. Denis 



Theatre du 

Gymnase 
Gomptoir d' Escompte 




^^^ 



.^ 



s^ 



Place du^ 
Theatre 
Franjai! 



p]0(iJUU9!}a,p9ni5}5 

u9!|rfpeps9UiJ9qi 
aupapa^^apajooj 



S9J^-s8p-ujemJ9i)}g 







" K.kyyaie Place de la Pdeir*^"^ 



Concorde Concorde 



CITY ROUTE No. 1 



III. 

OUR TWELVE ROUTES 

POR VISITING PARIS AND ITS HISTORICAL^ ARCHITECT- 
T'JRAL AND ARTISTIC TREASURES. 

We present to the reader 12 Routes, carefully 
laid out by a Parisian thoroughly familiar with 
every nook and corner of Paris. They cover all the 
places of interest in the famous capital. We have 
chosen as a central starting point the square called 
Place du Palais-Royal, on account of its being 
practically surrounded by the majority of hotels 
patronized by American tourists. Routes start 
from here and return here, avoiding as much as 
possible, going twice over the same thorough- 
fares. The diagrams have been drawn expressly 
for The Standard Guide to Paris, and descrip- 
ions of buildings etc. , will be found at their proper 
places. As it is not desirable to repeat these 
descriptions, whenever a name will come up a 
second time, a figure between brackets, will tell in 
what Route all necessa y details may be found. 
The French names are preserved, since, to ask 
your way about Paris, you need the French names, 
pronounced in the French way. For easy and 
accurate pronunciation, we refer you to the alpha- 
betical List of Navies of Streets etc. annexed to 
Lee's American Tourist's Map of Paris, price 50c. 

The abbreviations in our Routes have the following mean- 
ings: R. = Rne = street. B. = Boulevard. P. =Pont = bridge. 
Q. = Quai= embankment. PI. = Place = square. A.=Avenue. 
Th. = Theatre. 

ROUTE No. 1. 

OVER THE "GRANDS BOULEVARDS." 

Palais-Royal. — Palace erected by Cardinal Richelieu 
(1619-36). Later occupied by the Orleans Branch of the 
Bourbon family. Now devoted to the Council of State 
and Court of Accounts. Around a superb garden are found 
stores and restaurants under covered galleries. The Pl. du 
PALAis-Royal has to the right, the H6tel du Louvre ; to the 
left, the Grands Magasins du Louvre, and opposite, the 
Palais du Louvre. 

"3 



114 



TWELVE CITY ROUTES 



Rue de Rivoli. Northern fagade of the Louvre. 
Jardins des TuilerECS.— Tt;e favorite park of the 
Parisians, replete with finest pieces of classical staiuary. 
Stretches between the Louvre and the PI. de la Concorde. 
Laid out by Le Notre at the end of the 17th century. 
Among the orange trees in the Orangerie, forty-one date 
back to the i6th century. The northern terrace is the Ter- 
RASSE DES Feuillants; the southern one the Tekrasse du 
BoRD DE l'Eau. 

R. de Rivoli. PI. de Rivoli. 

Statue de Jeanne d'Arc— A modern equestrian 
statue of Joan of Arc (1412-1431) by Fremiet. 

Jeu de Paunie. — A marble tablet bears witness that 
on that spot stood the Tennis Hall in which the Revolution- 
ary Assemblies sat from 1789 to 1793, and where ihe first 
republic was proclaimed (Sept. 22, 1792). 

Ministere de la Marine. — On the N. E. corner of 
the PI. de la Concorde and the R. Royale ; forms part of the 
monumental fapade of this famous square. Erected by 
Louis XV,, 1762-70; Gabriel, architect. 

R. Royale. Cercle de la Rue Royale (ultra-fashion- 
able club). R. Royale. 

Ija Madeleine, or Church of St. Mary Magdalen; an 
adaptation of a Greco-Roman temple. Elected 1764-1842; first 
built (by Napoleon L) as a Temple of Glory. Dimensions : 352 
ft. long, 151 ft. wide, 100 ft. high. Paintings by great modern 
artists ; superb bronze doors. Visited from i to 6. 

liCS Oraiids Boulevards. — Known the world over 
as "the Boulevards," and the center of much of the Pari- 
sian gayety and life. Were traced by Louis XIV. (17th cen- 
tury) on the rased fortifications that encircled the city (bul- 
wark — stronghold). They terminate at the PI. de la Bastille, 
in all 2^4 miles long by 33 ft. in width. They are continued 
by the modern boulevards Henri IV. and St. Germain, form- 
ing thus a complete oval from Madeleine to Madeleine. 

B, de la Madeleine. B. des Capucines, Jockey 
Club. Grand Hotel. Th. Isola. Olympia. 

Orand Opera, or "Academie Nationale de Musique et 
de Danse." Architect, Charles Gamier. Built of stone and 
marble, 1861-74. Covers 13,596 sq. yards; seats only 2,156 
persons. Total cost including site, $9,500,000. Subsidized 
by State. Grand opera only. Performances Monday, Wed- 
nesday, Friday and Saturday, all the year round. Large 
school of dancing. Fine library and museum. The grand 
staircase is world-famed. The acoustic is poor. 

Cercle des Armees de terre et de mer (Army and 
Navy Club). Th. des Nouveautes. Credit Lyon- 
onais, one of the largest bank building in the 
world. B. des Italiens. Th. du Vaudeville. Pas- 
sage des Princes, B. Montmartre, Theatre des 
Varietes. Passage des Panoramas. Passage 
Jouffroy. Musee Grevin. B. Poissonniere. Pari- 
siana, Comptoir d'Escompte (near by). B. 
Bonne-Nouvelle. Th. du Gymnase. 



TWELVE CITY ROUTES II5 

Porte St. Denis. — A triumphal arch erected by the 
city of Palis to commemorate the victories of Louis XIV. in 
1672. Architect. Blondel. Height, 81 ft. 

B. St. Denis. B. St. Martin. 

Porte St. Martin. — Erected to Louis XIV. 's glory, in 
1674. Height, 57 ft. Architect, Pierre Bullet. 

Th. de la Renaissance, Th. de la Porte St. Mar- 
tin, Th. de I'Ambigu Comique, Th. des Folies 
Dramatiques. 

Bourse Centra»e du Travail, or Labor Exchange, 
built by the city (1889-90) to harbor the offices of Trades 
Unions ("Syndicats professionels ") recognized by law. 

Place de la Republique (310 yds. long). Caserne 
du Chateau d'Eau. 

Statue de la Repnbliqne, by the brothers Morice; 
erected 1883 ; 82 ft. high (with pedestal) . Around the main 
effigy are statues of Liberty, Equality Fraternity, and at its 
feet a lion holding a ballot box. [See illustration.] 

B. du Temple. Th. Dejazet. B. des Filles-du-Cal- 
vaire. Cirque d'Hiver. B. Be 'umarchais. 
Place <le la Bastille. — Occupies the spot where 
stood the royal stronghold, la Bastille-St.-Antoine, levelled 
to the ground by the people, July 14, 1789. A line drawn on 
the pavement in 1880, bet. B. Henri IV. and R. St. Antoine, 
gives its exact measurements. This storming of the Bastille is 
celebrated yearly, July 14th, as the national feast of France. 

Colonne de Juillot. — In the center of the PL de la 

Bastille; 154 ft. high. Erected 1831-40, in honor of those 
vs'ho died fighting for liberty in July, 1830, in the uprising that 
drove King Charles X. from France and unseated the elder 
Bourbon dynasty. Small fee to be allowed on top of plat- 
form. [See illustration.] 

B. Henri IV. Caserne des Celestins. 

Bibliotheque de 1' Arsenal. — One of the richest 
libraries in Paris. Open free E. W. D., 10-4; especially rich 
in old dramatic literature. Occupies ground of old arsenal. 

P. Sully. B. St. Germain; this great artery has a 
length (including the B. Henri IV) of 2^ miles 
from the Bastille to the P. de la Concorde. 
St. X icolas-du-Chardonnel. — A church built at the 
end of the 17th century. 

Statue d'Etienne Dolet, in bronze, by Guilbert. 
Erected, 1889, to the memory of a famous printer and author, 
burned at the stake (1546) for " impiety and atheism." [See 
illustration.] 

Musee de Cluny, one of the finest collections of 
inedieval curios 6f all kinds : ancient carvings, furniture, 
household goods, ivories, musical instruments, etc. ; over 
11,000 objects. Deserves a long visit. Exquisitely well- 
preserved building erected by Benedictine Monks after 1340. 
The two floors divided into 21 exhibition rooms. Organized 
in 1842 by M. du Sommerard, a famous collector. •* Built on 
the ground formerly occupied by the 



Il6 TWELVE CITY ROUTES 

Thermes de Jnlien^ or Baths of the Roman Empe- 
ror Julian the Apostate, who made Paris (then called Lute- 
tia) his favorite residence. Fine ruins, still extant, show 
the enormous size of the palace, since the " Frigidarium " 
(cold bath room) is 65 ft. long, 37>^ ft. broad and 59 ft. high. 
Visitors admitted free. 

Crossing the B. St. Michel ; new f a§ade of the 
Ecole cle M^decine, the seat of the largest official 
School of Medicine in France. A huge block of buildings, 
with a Library of 90,000 volumes, and the Musee Dupuy- 
TREN (open 10 to 4). Close to it is the Ecole Pratique, 
for anatomical purposes. Thousands of students of both 
sexes, of every nationality, obtain here M. D. degrees after 
studies of not less than 5 years. 

Continuing on B. St. Germain we reach the church of 
St. G-ermaiii-des-Pres. — Founded in 6th century, but 
rebuilt 1001-14, and much modified and redecorated in the 
i6th century and again in 1856-62. Admirable mural paint- 
ings by H. Flandrin (x86o). Behind the church are the ruins of 
the Abbot's Palace. The Abbey Prison, now destroyed, was 
the scene of the frightful massacre of Sept., 1792. In front of 
the church, statue of Bernard Palissy, the great pottery 
maker and enameler (i6th century). 

On B. St. Germain, on the corner of R. du Bac the 
Statue de €happe, the inventor of_ aerial telegra- 
phy (1763-1805), which rendered such services before the 
invention of Morse. 

Miuist^re de la Guerre, the War Office, a stately 
building 160 ft. long, completed on this boulevard in 1877; 
on the cor. of the R. de Solf^rino, fine tower with monumen- 
tal clock. 

On the corner of the Boulevard and the Q. d'Orsay, 
le Cercle Agricole, a superb mansion occupied 
by the most select club in Paris. This part of 
the city was always known as the Faubourg St. 
Germain, i.e. , the center of the old aristocracy. 
Chanibre des Deputes, on the Q. d'Orsay, oppo- 
site the P. de la Concorde; called also "Palais Bourbon;" 
erected in 1722; architect, Girardini. Confiscated by the 
Revolution. Occupied since by successive Legislative bodies. 
Greek front Peristyle completed in 1807. The hall where the 
present Representatives meet was built in 1832 by Joly, 
Filled with statuary and paintings. 

P. and PI. de la Concorde. — ^This bridge and the 
square at its northern end count among the finest public show 
places in the world ; the square is 390 yds. long by 235 wide, and 
was designed by architect Gabriel under Louis XV., whose 
equestrian statue was erected at the center. The row of 
buildings on the north side were also built in those days. In 
1792 the statue was removed and melted and the guillotine 
stood in its place. King Louis XVI., Marie-Antoinette, and 
over 2,800 victims from all social ranks were beheaded on 
this very spot, then dubbed "Place de la Revolution." Now 
an Egyptian obelisk (or Cleopatra's Needle) stands at the 
center, two stately bronze fountains adorn the south and north 
ends, and eight statues emblematic o« French cities occupy 



TWELVE CITY ROUTES II7 

points of ■"antage. The famous Avenue des Champs Ely- 
s^ES starts from its, western limits, and to the east are seen 
the teiraces of the Tuileries Gardens. Note the statue of 
Strasbourg, always adorned with flags and mourning wreaths, 
in remembrance of the never-to-be-forgotten loss of Alsace- 
Lorraine, conquered by the Germans (1870-71). 

R. Roy ale. R. St. Honor e. Palais Royal. 



ROUTE No. 2 

AROUND THE " ILE DE LA CITE" AND THE 
"ILE ST. LOUIS" 

Palais-Royal. R. de Rivoli. R. du Louvre. 

Palais du Iiouvre. — This old Palace of the French 
kings was begun by Philip Augustus (1220). The foundation 
of the present east portion was laid by Francis L and his 
architect, Pierre Lescot (1541). His successor continued the 
task, but to Henri IV. is due the magnificent " Gallerie 
d'Apollon" (1595). Louis XIV. advanced the work (1660), 
which remained suspended until Napoleon I. and his archi- 
tect, Fontaine, and finally Napoleon III., who completed the 
connection between the oiiginal palace and the Tuileries 
Palace (burnt May, 1871). The " Old Louvre " includes the 
quadrangle of buildings at the east end with a facade igo 
yds. long. The "New" Louvre extends from the "Old" to the 
remaining pavilions of the Tuileries. Ail these palaces 
cover 48 acres of ground, the most magnificent aggregation 
of buildings. The Ministry of Finances (Treasury De- 
partment) is located in the north portion of the new palace. 
In the south portion and in most of the old Louvre are found 
the unique Museums of antiquities, sculpture, paintings, and 
curios of all kinds, which attract visitors from the whole 
world. Guides are to be purchased at the entrances to the 
museums. We give plans of the three stories, but de not at- 
tempt to catalogue the splendors they contain. Entrance 
absolutely free, daily from 10 to 4. 

St. Germain-l'-Auxerrois. — A church on the R. du 
Louvre, opposite the Old Louvre. Begun under Charlemagne 
(800). Exquisite Gothic style. The signal for the massacre 
of the Protestants on St. Bartholomew day (Aug. 24, 1572,) 
was given by the bells of this church. As a companion to it. 
Napoleon erected the handsome Mairie of the first District. 

Q. du Louvre. Q. de la Megisserie. 

Pont-Xeuf, or New Bridge, 360 yds. long, 25 yds. wide, 
built (1578-1604) of stone ; runs ovtr the west end of the Island 
of the Cit^. On it stands the 

Statue de Henri IV,, by Lemot, erected (1818) to 
replace the one placed there in 1635 and removed, in 1793, by 
the mob who forgot the warm heart of the great Henri of 
Navarre toward the people he ruled. 

PL Dauphine, on the Island of the Cite, the cradle 
of Paris. The 

Cour d' Assises, occupies the east side of this en- 
closed square. Here are tried the great crim inal cases. It 
is a modern adjunct to the Palais de Justicei with which it 
connects. 



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TWELVE CITY ROUTES 



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TWELVE CITY ROUTES, II9 

Quai des Orfevres, We enter a smaller courtyard 

of the Palais de Justice and find there the 

entrance to the 

Sainte-Chapelle, a gem of medieval architecture; 
two naves of perfect design, one above the other, with a 
stone spire of exquisite deUcacy. Erected by King Louis 
IX. (St. Louis) and his architect, Montereau, in 1248. Not 
used for religious service. It really forms a part of the old 
King's Palace, the 

Palaii^ de Justice, now the center of judicial France. 
Contains the halls of the Cour de Cassation (Supreme 
Court) and all the courts of the Paris judiciary district. La 
" Salle des Pas-Perdus " is the largest vestibule known, be- 
ing 240 ft. long, 90 ft. wide and 33 ft, high. The early plays 
were given here ; now the meeting place of barristers, solicit- 
ors and their clients. The halls of the various courts are 
gorgeously decorated and the costumes of the magistrates 
are so picturesque that they deserve a visit. Begun in the 
loth centuiy, fire played such havoc wdth it that only the 
corner Tour de l'Horloge, on the quay, can be ascribed to 
this early period. On the same quay is the Prison de la 
CoNCiERGERiE, where political prisoners spent many dreaded 
moments. One may visit there the cell occupied by Marie 
Antoinette before her execution (1794). 

Prefecture de Police, the center of the Police De- 
partment of Paris, has its main offices opposite the principal 
fa9ade of the Palais de Justice on the Cour du Mai. 

Q. du Marche-Neuf, Caserne de la Cite, PI. du 
Parvis-Notre-Dame, on which stands a colossal 
group of "Charlemagne and his Knights," by 
Rochet brothers (1882). 

Notre- Dame, the cathedral, recognized as the master- 
piece of medieval architecture, a description of which would 
fill volumes. (Read Victor Hugo's "Hunchback of Notre 
Dame" — as accurate as it is captivating.) Founded 1163 on the 
site of an earlier church; nave completed in r3th century. 
Statues without number stand over and all around the sev- 
eral portals. On the main fapade a rose window 42 feet in 
diameter, is of lace-like delicacy. The whole chuich is 139 
yds. long by 52 yds. broad. The vaulting, no ft. high, is 
borne by 75 pillars ; there are 37 large stained-glass windows. 
The towers are 223 ft, high and the top is reached by 397 
steps (fee 10 cents). The largest bell, called the "Bourdon," 
weighs 16 tons. The spire is 147 ft. high. The choir con- 
tains superb wood carvings. The organ is 32 ft. high, and 
contains 6,000 pipes. The Treasury (fee 10 cents) contains 
admirable jewels, vessels and vestments. Also precious 
relics of saints and martyrs. 

HStel-I>ieu, on the north side of the square; one of 
the 20 city hospitals containing an aggregate of 12,000 beds 
and supplying the needs of 100,000 patients yearly, besides 
assisting financially about 467,000 persons a year. This hos- 
pital took the place of one erected in 660. It was built in 
1868-78 and cost $9,000,000. It contains 559 beds. 

Q. de I'Archeveche. Square Notre-Dame. 

Lia Morgue. — Erected in 1864; entrance free. About 
800 bodies are exhibited here yearly. 



I20 



TWELVE; OITY ROUTES 




Palais-Royal^ 



CITY ROUTE No. 3 




Map of the Bois=°de'Boulogne 



TWELVE CrfY ROUTES 121 

Q. aux Fleurs, with one of the most curious flower- 
markets in Europe (Wed. and Sat. ) ; also bird- 
market (Sunday). Q. de I'Horloge where is 
the sinister entrance to the ' ' Conciergerie 
Prison." (see above.) [Retrace your steps]. 
Opposite the fagade of the Palais de Justice 
is the main entrance to the 
Tribunal <ie Commerce, or Commercial Courts of 

Paris. Renaissance building with a dome 135 feet high 

erected by architect Bailly (1860-66). 

R. de Lutece, R. du Cloitre-Notre-Dame. By the 
P. St. Louis, we cross over to the 

lie Saint-IiOUis. — A very dull and retired part of 
Paris that seems a forgotten relic of the past centuries. 

Quai d' Orleans. Q. de Bethune. R. St. Louis. 
St. IiOuis-eii-1'Ile. — A church of the 17th century, 
with a graceful stone spire 100 ft. high. 

Hotels Lauzun and Lambert ( superb mansions of 
the 17th century). R. du Belloy. P. et R. 
Louis-Philippe. We are again on the right 
bank of the river. R. Frangois-Miron. PL 
Baudoyer. Maiiie du IV. arrondissement. 
St. €rervaiS"St. Protais.— A stately pile begun in 
1616 and containing remarkable stained-glass windows and 
remarkable carvings, beside modern paintings of great merit. 

PI. St. Gervais. PI Lobau. Caserne Lobau. R. 
de Rivoli. Palais-Royal. 



ROUTE No. 3 
A VISIT TO THE -BOIS DE BOULOGNE" 

Palais Royal. R. de Rivoli. R. des Tuileries. 
Tuileries — Pavilions de Marsan and de Ro- 
han. Pavilions de Flore and de liesdig'ui^res. 

— All that remains of this last residence of the kings and 
emperors of France — Les Tuileries, destroyed by fire in 
May, 1871, by the defeated communards — are these four pavi- 
lions, that connected the palace with the two wings of the 
New Louvre (see plan). The old Tuileries were begun by 
Architect Ph. Delorme for Qaeen Catherine de M6dicis. 
Pavilion de Marsan, on the R. de Rivoli side, was built by 
Napoleon I., and the Pavilion de Flore, on the river side, 
now occupied by the Colonial office [Ministere des Colonies] 
was erected by Architect Lefuel for Napoleon III. (1863-68). 

Q. des Tuileries (south side of the Gardens) 
Orangerie. P de Solferino. Legion d'Hon- 
neur. R. de Solferino. R. St. Dominique. 
Ministere de la Guerre. PL Bellechasse. 



122 TWELVE CITY ROUTES 

Naiiite-Clotilcle. — One of the finest modern churches 
of Paris, in the Gothic style of the 14th century. Erected 
1846-59; Gau and Ballu, architects. Three portals; two 
towers; spire, 216ft. high. 

To the right of the Church, in the R. Las-Cases 

is the 

Mttsee Social. — Founded by Comte de Chambrun, and 
containing books, models and documents of a nature to help 
better the condition of the working classes. A yearly prize 
of $5,000 is awarded to the author of the greatest progress in 
that line. 

R. de Constantine. R. de Grenelle. 

Arclieveclie. — Mansion occupied by the Cardinal Arch- 
bishop of Paris; a fine specimen of Louis XIV. architecture. 

Opposite is found " Le Depot de la Guerre," or 
the War Map-Department. We pass now in 
front of the offices and ministerial residence 
of the 

Ministere He I'Ag'riculture, <lu Commerce, 
des Po**t.es et TelesT^phes. — This Department has 
charge of the great French Expositions, 

Mairie du VII. Arrondissement (7th district City 

Hall). We reach the 

Miiiistere <le I'Instructioii Piilblique et des 
Sean X- Arts. — Offices of the Department of Education 
and Fine Arts. 

Caserne du Genie. Temple Protestant. Ambas- 
sade de Russie. Societe Nationale d' Agricul- 
ture. R. du Bac. R. de Varennes. Ambassade 
d'Autriche-Hongrie. Convent du Sacre-Coeur. 
B. des Invalides. 

H6tel des Invalides. — National home for the veterans 
of the army and navy; founded by Louis XIV. (1661-75) — 
Mansart, architect — to accommodate 5,000 inmates; hardly 
more than 200 live there now, pensions being preferred by 
old soldiers. Fafade 220 yds. long, with 133 windows. A 
battery of conquered cannons, on the front platform, are 
used to fire salvos. Included in the buildiugs is the 

Mnsee d'Artillerie. one of the most complete collec- 
tions of ancient weapons, armors, war curios and historical 
mementos; over 10,000 numbers. Here are preserved "the 
Red Orifiamme of St. Denis," the sacred standard of the 
kings of France ; also the no less sacred standard of the 
heroine Joan of Arc, white, strewn with fleurs-de-lys. The 
costume gallery is captivating. 

A. de Tourville. PI. Vauban. 

Saiiit-IiOnis-des-Iiivalides. Tombe de IXa- 
poleoii. — This is the church belonging to the Invalides 
Palace ; the nave is adorned by flags taken from the enemy. 
The dome is 160 ft. high and 86 ft. in diameter; beneath it, 
in a crypt 20x36 ft. in diameter, is the sarcophagus contain- 
ing the remains of the great Napoleon; it weighs 67 tons, 
and is made of a single block of red granite from Finland. 



TWELVE CITY ROUTES 



123 



Pradier sculptured the 12 colossal Victories surrounding the 
the sarcophagus. A most impressive signt. 

R. de Breteuil. Petites Soeurs des Pauvres Con- 
vent. 

St. Francois Xavier. — A modern church with fine 
carvings and paintings by Bouguereau and others. 

PI. de Breteuil. Puit Artesien (artesian well 1,800 
ft. deep; the tower over it is iSo ft. high. A. 
de Saxe. PI. de Fontenoy. Convent du Mt. 
Carmel. Casernes. A. de Lowendal. A. Du- 
quesne. A, La-Motte-Piquet, between the Ex- 
position buildings and 1' 

Ecole Militaire. — Now used by the Superior School 
of War where officers are trained for staff service. In the 
courtyard the ex-Captain Dreyfus was publicly degraded, 
Jan. 5, 1895. 

A. de Suffren. Q. d'Orsay. 
Pout de Passy. 

Allee des Cygnes, a sort of island between bridges. 
R. Albouy. R. de Passy, Chaussee de la 
Muette. Pare du Ranelagh. Here one may 
walk out of the city through the Porte de la 
Muette and enter the 

Bois de Boiilos'iie. — The most fashionable Paris park ; 
area, 2,250 acres; laid out by Napoleon III. (1852-56). Two 
pretty artificial lakes, with wooded islands; a cascade. 
Two superb race-tracks, Longchamp (for running races and 
military reviews) and Auteuil for steeple-chases; on the 
first the Grand Prix ($40,000) is run in June ; it is an inter- 
national race, won in 1881 by the American horse Foxhall. 
Thousands of "swell" turnouts visit the park daily, espe- 
cially between 4 and 6 P. M. In the morning, horsemen and 
horsewomen are very numerous. Many excellent but expen- 
sive restaurants opened in the summer time. A side-trip to 
the Jardin d'AccLiMATATioN, at the northern ex-tremity of the 
"Bois," is recommended. It is the largest and finest private 
collection of animals and plants to be found anywhere. No 
ferocious beasts are kept there, but only such animals as take 
kindly to man. The kennels and aviaries are superb. A 
lovely recreation-ground for children, with elephant and 
pony rides, etc. Concerts every day. A most enjoyable and 
refined entertainment. Entrance, one franc (20 cents). We 
re-enter the city by the gate called the 

Porte Dauphine. Avenue du Bois de Boulogne, 
terminating at the PI. de I'Etoile, the center of 
a radiating star of 12 superb avenues. 
Arc de Triomplie de I'Etoile.— The largest tri- 
unaphal arch in existence; begun by Napoleon I. in honor of 
his great armies (1806) ; Chalgrin, architect. Finished in 
1836. 160 ft. high by 146 ft. wide and 72 ft. deep Trophies 
are sculptured on four sides. The names of all great gen- 
erals of the first Republic and the first Empire are engraved 



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TWELVE CITY ROUTES 



125 



under the arches. A unique work of art. 261 steps to the 
top platform (no fee). Superb panorama of Paris. 

A. des Champs-Elysees (i}i mi. long). R. de Ber- 
ry. American church. Faubourg St. Honore. 
]Eg-lise St. Philippe-du-Roule. — A very fashion- 
able church, built by Chalgrin (1769-1784) in the shape of a 
basilica. 

A. d'Antin, Rond- Point des Champs-Elysees. 

Avenue des Champs-Elysees.— From here down 
to the PI. de la Concorde extends an avenue (with small 
parks on either side) unequalled anywhere else. Is 750 yds. 
long by 400 yds. wide, planted with elms and lime trees in the 
17th century. To the right, when going toward the PI. de la 
Concorde are seen the new Palaces of Fine Arts, on either 
side of the new Avenue Nicolas II. At the termination (or 
really the entrance) stand guard the two colossal equestrian 
statues, by Couston, "The Horse Tamers" (les "Chevaux 
de Marly.") The sides of the avenue are dotted with enclo- 
sures for summer variety shows (cafds-concerts) and amuse- 
ments for children. Also restaurants and the fine Cirque 
d'Ete building, a circus of high grade, opened nightly, in 
the summer only. Thousands of people on chairs and 
benches line the avenue in the warm afternoon hours to see 
the passing show of carriages and riders. 

Place de la Concorde (I.) R. de Rivoli. Palais 
Royal. 



ROUTE No. 4 

TO LES GOBELINS, LE PANTHEON AND LE 
QUARTIER=LATIN 

Palais-Royal. R. de Rivoli. Ministere des Colo- 
nies (II.) P. Royal. R. du Bac. 
St. Tbomas-d'Aquin.— A church erected 1682-1740. 
A fine portal and some interesting pictures. 

Statue de Chapps (III.). Missions Etrangeres 
(Central Institute of R. C. Foreign Missions). 
Mag'asins dii Bon- Mar die. — This enormous dry- 
goods store, the largest in Paris, is famous on account of 
the philanthropy of the founders, Mr. and Mrs. Boucicaut, 
who left millions to charities and organized their huge 
establishment on the profit-sharing system. 

R. de Sevres. Hopital Laennec, founded 1635 
by Cardinal La Rochefoucauld. Convent des 
Lazaristes (missionaries). 

Caisse d'Epar^ne Postale.— The huge Postal Sav- 
ings Bank, the success of which has been so rapid and so 
astounding that enormous buildings are now under consi- 
deration for its central offices. 

Couvent des Oiseaux (most fashionable convent for 
girls' education). B. des Invalides. 




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TWELVE CITY ROUTES 127 

Pare de Montsonris. — A 40-acre park just outside 
the city limits; it contains an observatory for taking meteor- 
ological data. 

Manufacture Nationale nn«< Musee ties Gob- 
elins. — The state manufactory of these famous tapestries, 
on the river Bievre, whose water helps the making of the 
famous secret dyes that rendered the Gobelins famous. 
Founded by Louis XIV. A unique piocess, producing un- 
equaled results. Six sq. inches is an average day's work. 
These tapestries are worth from $10,000 to $50,000 each. 
They are not for sale, but used for decorating national 
buildings or for state gifts. Superb collection; opened Sat. 
and Wed., i to 3. No fee. 

Avenue des Gobelins. B. de Port-Royal. Hopi- 

tal and Statue de Ricord (the great surgeon). 

Rue St. Jacques. 

Val-de-Grace. — The great military hospital and school 
of military medicine and surgery. The church built by Fr. 
Mansart (1645-66) ; is a reduced copy of St. Peter of Rome, 
with a dome 133 ft. high and 53 feet in diameter. Contains 
the remains of Queen Herrietta, wife of Charles I. of England. 

Couvent des Carmelites (the strictest of all orders 
for nuns). Musee Pedagogique (wiih materials, 
documents and a librar- of 50,000 volumes 
relating to primary education.) 

Iiistitnt des Sourds-et-HIuefs.— The leading Deaf 
and Dumb Institution in France, founded by Abbe de I'Espee, 
the inventor of the deaf and dumb alphabet. His statue by 
F. Martin, an alumnus, is in the court yard, next to an elm 
tree said to be 300 years old. 

On the same R. St. Jacques. 

St. Jac<|ues-du-Haut-Pas.— A 17th century church; 
the portal is in the classical style. A few exceptionally line 
pictures. 

R. Soufflot PI. du Pantheon. 

Pantheon. — Once a church (Ste. Genevieve), now, for 
the second time, devoted to " the memory of great men by a 
grateful country." Designed by Soufflot. It is a stately pile 
370 ft._ long and 276 ft. wide. _ With a dome 272 ft. high and 
75 ft. in diameter. Superb interior paintings by the masters 
of French art in the 19th century. In the vaults below are 
the tombs of Voltaire, J. J. Rousseau, Carnot, the great 
minister of war of the Revolution, his grandson Carnot, the 
murdered President of the Republic (1894), Victor Hugo, 
Gen. Marceau, Marshal Lannes, the mathematician La- 
grange, the navigator Bougainville, and several others. 
Open daily except Monday; get a ticket from the Bureau of 
Fine Arts, Palais-Royal. No fee. There are 425 steps to the 
top of the dome, and the sight is worth the fatigue. 

Opposite the Pantheon, to the left, we find a fine 
district city-hall, the 



128 TWELVE CITY ROUTES 

Mairie du V. Arroiidissemeiit (erected 1849) and, 
in front, a noble bronze statue of J. J. Rousseau, by Berthet. 

Behind the Pantheon, on the PL Ste. Genevieve, is 

the old Gothic church of 

St.Etieniie-elu-Monf,with an unexpected Renaissance 
facade. Contains a stone sculptured jubl (kind of partition 
between nave and choir) of most exquisite design, due to 
Biard(i6oo). The tomb of St. Genevieve, the patron saint 
of Paris, is found in one of the side chapels. Here Arch- 
bishop Sibour was stabbed to death by an unworthy priest 
(Jan. 3, 1857). 

Separated from the church by the R. Clovis is the 
Lycee Henri IV. behind the church, stands 
I'Ecole Polytechnique (for the training of the 
scientific branches of the army and the higher 
engineering professions). Lower in the R. 
Clovis is the "College Ecossais," an endowed 
Scotch-Catholic College, containing many 
Stuart relics. Resuming the R. Cujas we 
reach la 

Bibliotheqtie Ste. Genevieve.— A fine modern 
library building; Labrouste, architect, 1843-50. 200,000 
books; 35,000 manuscripts; 25,000 engravings. Opened to 
all, day and evening, during the week. Specially attended 
by the students of the Sorbonne and the Law and Medicine 
schools. 

College ste. Barbe (a private, institution, but the 

oldest boarding school in the world, founded 

1460). Lycee Louis-le-Grand. R. St- Jacques. 

At the corner of the R. des Ecoles stands the 

Colleg-e cle France^ not in the least a college in the 
usual meaning, but an institution for higher education, free 
to all, covering almost every branch of study, and conferring 
no diplomas or degrees. Founded by Francis L (1530), the 
present building was completed by Chalgrin (1771). Some 
fine statuary in the courtyard. Courses of lectures by 
famed scientists or literary men are given nine months in 
the year. Large laboratories. 

R. des Ecoles. R. de la Sorbonne. We are here 
in the center of the old Latin quarter, now 
only existing in name, as most of the land- 
marks have vanished ; however, la 
Sorbonne still stands, although only in name, for its 
new and majestic buildings have but few remnants of the old 
tenements of the University of Paris (founded 1253 by 
Robert de Sorbon, almoner to St. Louis). Here are granted 
(after severe examinations) the degrees in letters and 
sciences. There are 54 full professorships for post-graduate 
courses. The new buildings have a 93-yd. fajade but are 
really 275 yds. long. The staircases, halls and amphitheater 
are decorated with superb frescoes. The Eglise de la 
Sorbonne, built by Cardinal Richelieu (1635), contains the 



TWELVE, CITY ROUTES 129 

tomb of the great statesman and a number of rare old paint- 
ings and carvings. 

R. des Ecoles, R. de TEcole de Medecine (I). 
Ecole Pratique (I). 
Ecole Rationale des Arts I>eeoratifs. — One of 

the most remarkable specimens of the 17th century architec- 
ture ; founded, for the teaching of decorative art, by Louis 
XV. in 1768. 

B. St. Germain. R. de TAncienne Comedie. R. 
Dauphine, Pont-Neuf. Q. and R. du Louvre. 
R. de Rivoli. Palais Royal. 



ROUTE No. 5. 

QUAYS AND BRIDGES, FROM PONT=NEUF TO PONT 
NATIONAL AND BACK 

Palais Royal (I). R. de Rivoli. R. du Pont-Neuf. 
P. Neuf (II). Q. de la Megisserie. 
Poiit-au-Cliang'e. — Built in stone by Louis XIII. 
Formerly occupied by shops of money changers. 

At the end of the quay we turn to the left and 
find ourselves fronting the f agade of the 
Theatre du Chatelet. — The largest theatre in Paris; 
Owned by the city. Built i860; architect, Davioud. Oppo- 
site arises the graceful 

Fontaine de la Victoire. — This fountain (by Bo- 
ziot), with its golden Victory, 24 ft. high, stands amid lofty 
horsechestnuts in the center of the 

Place du Cbatelet, the site of which was occupied 
until 1802 by the notorious prison and court-house of the 
ChStelet. There is here one of the entrances to the Egouts 
(Paris Sewers) 760 miles long; cost $20 per yard. Marvel- 
ously clean, odorless and airy. The visit lasts one hour. 

Theatre Sarah Bernhardt: belongs to the city. 
Built by Davioud (1860-64). Partly burned by the Com- 
munards; Irebuilt in 1872. 

Following the Quay de Gesvres we reach now the 
Pont Bfotre-Daine. — This bridge occupies the place 
of a famous Roman bridge ; rebuilt several times in the 
Middle Ages; present date of reconstruction, 1853. 

Q. de Gesvres. "L' Assistance Publique," an annex 
to the Hotel-de-Ville (City Hall) where are con- 
centrated all the services of public charities and 
hospitals. Besides yearly city appropriations, 
gifts and endowments, this department receives 
a percentage out of the daily gross receipts of 
all amusement concerns (theatres, concerts, 
balls), and all the net profits accruing to the 
" Mont-de-Piete, " the only pawnbroking estab- 
lishment allowed in the city. 



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TWELVE CITY ROUTES 



131 



Place de l'H6tel-tle-Ville. — Famous in French his- 
tory as la Place de Greve, where hangings, etc., took place 
until 1830. In times of revolution it is the center of popular 
excitement. Fronting west is the magnificent City-Hall, 
called the 

H6fel-<le-Ville. — Burned down by the Communards 
CMay, i87i),itwas rebuilt practically on the original plans 
of the great Italian architect, Boccadoro (1553). The head 
of the Paris municipality, once called " Pr^vot des Mar- 
chands," and now " Prefet de la Seine," resides here, where 
the city offices are accommodated. The style is pure Renais- 
sance. The description of the statuary and decoration of 
the superb halls would take pages. Tickets obtained from 
the secretary. Fee to guide. 200 statues and groups adorn the 
facades. The "Salle des Fetes" is 164 feet long, 42 ft. 
wide and 42 feet high. 

Pont d'ArcoIe. — Is named after one of the heroes of 
the revolution of 1830, which caused the removal of King 
Charles X. and his dynasty. From this bridge one obtains 
an especially fine view of this ancient region of the city. 

Q. de l'H6tel-de-Ville. 

Poiit liOuis-Philippe. — Rebuilt in 1862. 
Poiit-Mai'ie. — Named from its constructor (1614-28). 

Q.des Celestins, Ecole Massillon, in the "H6tel La 

Vallette," a fine mansion of the i6th century. 

Pont-Sully. — Crosses both arms of the river, passing 

over the east point of the lie St. Louis. Reconstructed 

(1874-76^. 

Quai Henri IV. Magasins de la Ville (City stores). 
"Archives de la Ville " (City Archives) [VI.] 
Panorama building. 

Pont d'Ansterlitz. — Built by Napoleon I. in 1807 in 
honor of the soldiers who died at the battle of Austerlitz 
(December 2, 1806). 

Quai de la Rapee. Magasins des Fourrages Mili- 
taires (Army Fodder-Supply Stores). 
Pont de Bercy. — Built 1894; named from the old 
suburban town, now included in the ci;y. 

Entrepot des Viiis. — A series of mammoth wine and 
spirit bonded-warehouses, intersected by streets bearing the 
names of the famous brands. City taxes on liquids are very 
high; they are called Octroi Municipal; such taxes are col- 
lected also on all food products, building materials, coal, 
etc., introduced into the city. 

Pont de Tolbiac. — Built 1879-84 named after the fa- 
mous victory of King Clovis over the Germans (969) that was 
followed by the Frank king's conversion to Christianism. 

Pont iVational. — Built 1852, just inside the fortified 
enclosure of the city. 

Cross the bridge and turn to the west to make 
your way back along the southern quays. This 
is cal]ed\he "rive gauche" (left bank of the 
river). Quai de la Gare. From here take the 



132 



TWELVE CITY ROUTES 



B. de la Gare until you reach the short R. de 
la Salpetriere, that will lead you to 1' 
Hospice <le la Salpetriere. — A city asylum for 
aged and insane women and a hospital for nervous diseases, 
nnade famous by the late Dr. Charcot's discoveries in the 
realm of hypnotism. This enormous establishment includes 
45 blocks of buildings, with 4,682 windows. Fronting the 
fafade is a statue of the great alienist, Dr. Pinel (1745-1826). 

Crossing the extensive grounds you reach the B. 

de I'Hopital, and turning to the right you soon 

arrive on the Q. d'Austerlitz, after passing la 

Gare d'Orleans (ancienne). — A monumental railroad 
station. From there start the trains toward S. W France, 
Spain and Portugal. The new Gare d'Orleans is on the Q. 
d'Orsay (which see) 

Place Valhubert. Statue du General Valhubert 

(killed at Austerlitz, 1806). Quai St. Bernard. 

Here is the main entrance to le 

Jardin-des-Plantes. — Very large and beautiful 
zoological and botanical gardens combined. The collections 
of plants and live animals (both ferocious and harmless) are 
very large and valuable. They attract thousands of visitors, 
especially on holidays. Visit the Labyrinth. Also the col- 
lections of specimens of natural history, gathered in the mu- 
seum. A corps of distinguished professors are attached to 
this garden. Lectures free. No degrees granted. Founded, 
1626, by Guy de Labrosse. Buffonwas its director from 1732, 
and remodeled the whole establishment, which now covers 
an area of 75 acres. See the famous Lebanon cedar, planted 
in 1735 by Jussieu, the botanist. Tuesday is the best day to 
visit the collections, hot-houses, etc. 

R. Geoffroy-St. Hilaire. At the corner of this 
street and the R. Lacepede, stands 1' 
Hopital de la Pitie. — Built by Louis XIII, in 1612. 

Turning to the right, you enter the short R. de 
Navarre, prolonged by the R. des Arenes and 
reach les 

Arenes de lititece ; most curious ruins of a Roman 
circus, built during the first or second century A. D. ; were 
discovered in 1870. 

R. Linne; at the corner of this street and R. Cu- 
vier stands the 

Fontaine Cuvier. — A monumental fountain represent- 
ing animals surrounding a statue of " Natural History." 

Returning to the Q. St. Bernard, you follow -R. 
Cuvier between the Jardin des Plantes and la 

H alle-aux-Vins. — A number of large bonded ware- 
houses in which are stored the wines and spirits to be sup- 
plied to the thirsty Parisians and their visitors. 

Resuming your tramp or ride along the river; Q. 
de la Tournelle, 



TWELVE CITY ROUTES 



133 



Pont tie la Tournelle. — A very ancient bridge, con- 
necting the island of St. Louis with the eastern extremity of 
the University (or Latin) quarter. Rebuilt in stone in 1645. 

Pont de I'Archeveclie. — Connects la rive Gauche 
with LE Parvis-Notre-Dame. 

Pharmacie Centrale of the Paris hospitals. Q. 

de Montebello. 

Pont ail I>ouble. — So named on account of the small 
coin that used to be collected as a toll. Famous, through 
the Middle Ages, as the main artery of communication be- 
tween the Island of the City and the Univer^ty (or Latin) 
quarter, a world in itself. A Roman bridge stood there once. 

Here enter the "Rue du Fouarre " (where the 
students of the University in the 12th cen- 
tury used to sit on straw to listen to their 
teachers in the open air) and visit 

St. Jiilien-le-PailTre, the former chapel of the old 
Hotel-Dieu, A 12th century church, only a small portion of it 
being extant; now devoted to the Greek-Catholic rite. Very 
curious. 

Then, through the R. Gallande , reach the church of 

St- S^verin, dating back to the 13th century; most of it 
rebuilt in the 15th century. Exceptionally well preserved 
sculpture and carvings from the best Gothic period. 
" Must " be visited. 

Return to the river by the R. du Petit-Pont. 

Petit-Pont. — Another historical bridge between la 
Cite and le Quartier Latin. A tablet placed here celebrates 
the bravery of twelve Parisian heroes who defended the 
bridge against Norman pirates (886). Up to 1782, stood 
there a stronghold, Le Petit-Chatelet. 

Q. St. Michel. 

P. St. Michel.— First built in 1360. Enlarged 1857. 
Continued by the B. du Palais and the P. au Change. 

Fontaine St. Michel.— A modern fountain represent- 
ing "St. Michel conquering the dragon." 84 ft. high and 
48 ft. wide. The group is by Duret, and was erected in i860. 

Q. des Grands-Augustins, Pont-Neuf [II] (which 
cross) R. du Louvre. R. de Rivoli. Stop at 
the Protestant Church of 

l^Oratoire. Monument a I'Amiral Colig'ny. 

This church (1621-30) — once owned by the Priests of the Ora- 
tory—has been given over to the National Reformed Protestant 
Church. On the R. de Rivoli facade stands a statue of the 
Huguenot Admiral Coligny (one of the victims of St. Bar- 
tholomew day). 

R. de Rivoli. Palais Royal. 



134 



TWELVE CITY ROUTES 




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CITY ROUTE No. 6 






TWELVE CITY ROUTES I35 

ROUTE No. 6 

OLD PARIS FP.Oi^l PALAIS=ROYAL TO PLACE DE LA 
BASTILLE. 

Palais-Royal. R. St. Honore. R. du Louvre. 

R. Rambuteau. 

Bourse du Commerce. — Until recently Halle-aux- 
Bles (wheat exchange). Transformed 1888 ; Blondel, archi- 
tect. Four columns, 65 ft. high; dome, 106 ft. high, with 
frescoes by famous painters, emblematic of South, North, 
East and West. In front a column 100 ft. high, erected (1572} 
by '^atherine de Medicis, for astronomical purposes. 

St. Eusttiche; a church at the corner of R. Montmartre 
and R. de Turbigo ; mixture of Gothic and Renaissance 
style (1532-1637). Famous for the excellence of its music. 
Its organ is always in charge of some prominent composer. 
Opposite stand 

L.es Halles Ceutrales, — The central markets of 
Paris; built by Ballard, architect (1855-65), of iron and 
glass. The whole occupies an area of 22 acres. Each of 
the 12 pavilions is 182x136 yds., and contains 250 stalls, 40 sq. 
ft. each, and renting for 20 cents a day. Under the pavilions 
are sub-structures of the same dimensions, 12 ft. high, for 
the storage and preparing of goods, with electric motors, 
etc. About 15,000 vehicles bring in the daily supplies. Whole- 
sale auctions last from 5 to 8 A. M. The city is dotted with 
a number of other (smaller) public markets. It is reckoned 
that Paris spends daily for food and drink $600,000, or yearly 
nearly 220 million dollars. 

R. Pierre Lescot. Square des Innocents. 

Fontaine des Innocents, a graceful Renaissance 
fountain by Pierre Lescot; some of the figures are by Jean 
Goujon (1550) ; a fourth side was sculptured to match the 
original three when the monument was placed here in i860. 

R. Berger. R. Aubry-le-Boucher. R. St. Merri, 
R. Sainte-Croix-de-la-Bretonnerie. R. des 
Archives. All these streets contain ancient 
mansions of the aristocracv, now transformed 
into business houses. In the old palace of the 
Due de Soubise are installed les 
Archives Rationales; or collections of ancient state 
documents, gathered since 1800; 56 coupled columns sur- 
round the Court of Honor sculptured by Robert le Lorrain; 
some of the buildings date back to 1371. Besides study- 
rooms and a Musee Paleographique in eight rooms, there 
are a number of fine paintings and the most curious collec- 
tion of autographs of famous people, as well as original '. of 
peace treatises, royal and imperial decrees, etc. 

Back of the Archives Nationales, with its main 
entrance on the R. Vieille du Temple stand the 
buildings of 1' 

Imprimerie ^fationale, or national printing office, 
originally created by Cardinal Richelieu (1640) ; not only to 



136 TWELVE CITY ROUTES 

to print state documents, but to preserve in its purity the art 
of fine printing, including the casting of rare type. In the 
Court of Honor, statue of Gutenberg. Here are printed 
works in every known language, not for speculation, but to 
help the publishing of works of exceptional importance 
that would not prove a paying investment for private enter- 
prise ; the library and the collection of matrices are worth a 
visit, they are probably unique. 

R. des Francs-Bourgeois. 

Mont-de-Piete. — The central Parisian pawnshop, with 
hundreds of branches all over the city. It loans money 
in any amount on portable property, from a mattress worth 
$2, to a stock of jewelry worth $50,000. The rate of interest 
is never above 8 per cent, per year, including appraisement 
and storage. Surplus profits go to the city-hospital fund. 
Pledges must be redeemed within a year; otherwise they 
are sold at auction and the balance above the loan paid to 
the borrower. 

Sfotre-Daine-cIes-BIaiics-MaiifeaHX- — A church 
that belonged to a convent of "White-Mantle" monks; 
hence the name ; rebuilt in ibSy. Some fine i6th century 
paintings. 

At the corner of the R. des Francs- Bourgeois and 
of the R. Sevigne, stands le 

Musee Carnavalet in the mansion where for 20 years 
(1677-86) lived the exquisite letter-writer, the Marquise de 
S6vign6. It is now devoted to collections of historical 
Parisian antiquities and curios. The building is a fine 
aristocratic mansion of the i6th century; Lescot and (later) 
F. Mansard, architects. In the Court of Honor, bronze 
statue of Louis XIV., the masteipiece of Coyzevox. In the 
same building is the Bibliotheque de la Ville (city library) 
replete with rare books and MSS. relating to the past history 
and present statistics of the great city. 

Place des Vosges. — Under the monarchy called Place 
Royale, as it occupies the site of the Royal Palace of Les Tour- 
nelles;; here King Henri II. was accidentally killed in a 
tournament and the castle was demolished. Symetrical 
buildings in Louis XHI. style were erected in the 17th cen- 
tury and were the abodes of aristocracy. Later Victor 
Hugo, in his most famous days, lived here. Equestrian 
statue of Louis XIII., by Dupaty and Cortot, erected in the 
center in 1829 ; fine fountains at every corner. Running 
along the north side is the old 

R. du Pas-de-la-Mule. R. des Tournelles. R. de 
la Bastille. PL de la Bastille (I). Returning 
west, R St. Antoine. 

Eg'lise St. Paiil-St. liOUis. — Erected by the Jesuits 
in 1627-41 in the later Italian Renaissance style, called the 
" Jesuite Style" and copied all over the world. The cupola 
is the second ever built in Paris. The adjoining build- 
ings of the Jesuit convent are now occupied by the Lvcee 
Charlemagne, a large state college. 

R. de Rivoli. Mairie du IV. Arrondissement. 
Caserne Napoleon, Hotel de Ville (V). Square 
St. Jacques, on the site occupied by the old 



TWELVE CITY ROUTES I37 

church of St. Jacques-de-]a-Boucherie ; it con- 
tains some fine statuary, and in its center rises 
the 

Tour St. Jacques-de-la-Boiicherie. — A stone 
tower, the last remnant of the church; over 170 ft. high, and 
admirable in design and sculpture. Built 1508-22; restored 
under Napoleon III. A wide platform on top is used for a 
meteorological observatory in connection with the one in 
Montsouris Park (IV.) Well worth a visit. 

Palais du Louvre (V), East and north facade. 
Ministere des Finances. — The offices of the treas- 
ury department and the secretary of the treasury's superb 
apartments are located in the north portion of the Palace of 
the Louvre, facing the R. de Rivoli. It may be interesting 
to know that the funded debt of France reached (1900) the 
enormous total of $6,446,793,398. 

Rue de Rivoli. Palais-Royal. 



ROUTE No. 7 

TO THE CIMETIERE DU PERE LA CHAISE AND THE 
BOIS DE VINCENNES 

Palais- Royal. R. St. Honore. R. du Louvre. 

H6tel-des-Posf es-ei-T^legraphes. — Or Central 
P. O. Building of Paris. The entrance for the general deliv- 
ery (Poste Restante) is on R. Gutenberg. There are 100 
branch offices (see p. 62). Rebuilt 1880-84, and of immense 
size. Of no architectural merit, and generally believed to be 
a comparative failure in its postal arrangements. A system 
of pneumatic tubes connects it with all its branches. 

HOtel-des-Telepliones, or Central Telephone Ex- 
change ; next to P. O. on R . Gutenberg ; built of glazed brick. 

R. Etienne Marcel. R. de Turbigo. B. de Se- 
bastopol. Sq. des Arts-et-Metiers, 
Conservatoire des Arts-et-Metiers. — A large in- 
dustrial museum and a free technical school. Founded in 
1794, although the idea dates back to Descartes the philoso- 
pher (1596-1650), and the first collection to the engineer 
Vaucanson (1783). The older portion of the building be- 
longed to the Abbey of St. Martin-des-Champs, and dates 
back to the nth century. Statue of Papin, the discoverer of 
steam-power (1647-1714), by Miller. Models of machinery, 
some of them in motion. All branches of industrial sciences 
and arts repiesented by instruments, etc. Ask for the Echo 
Room. Standard weights and measures of the metrical sys- 
tem. Library of 30,000 volumes. Lectures every week 
evening by prominent specialists. Collection of plans and 
designs of machinery for copying purposes, etc., etc. 

Th. de la Oaite. on the south side of the square. Be« 
longs to the Cit6. Very handsome ; built by Hittorff (1861). 

R. Reaumur. 

St. Xicolas-des-Champs. — A church with a Gothic 
portal (1420) and a Renaissance choir (1576). The south 



138 



TWELVE CITY ROUTES 




-X!P<j?j3p-j) 8iiO!ii)!}SP<)-{[ 



CITY ROUTE No. 7 



From 
Palais -Royal 

lo 
Pere La Chaise 

and 
Bois de 
Vincennes 

IntwoSectlons 





TWELVE CITY ROUTES 



139 



portal (1575) from designs by Delorme, the famons architect 
of the Tuileries. Some beautiful carvings and paintings. 

To the east of the Conservatoire, in R. Montgol- 
fier is 1' 
Ecole Centrale «Ies Arts and M:iiiiifsictiii'es. 

— A famed state institution for the training of civil, mechani- 
cal and electrical engineers. Founded in 1S29; rebuilt 1884. 
Admission by competitive examination. Course, three 
years. Diplomas highly prized the world over. 

Square du Temple. 

M-.iirie <lii III. An'Oiidissemciit. — A handsome 
district city hall, built in 1864-67. 

Marche du Temple. — A large city market, the upper 
floor of which is devoted to the sale of second-hand cloth- 
ing; very picturesque Owes its name to an old stronghold 
of the Knights-Templar, which stood there until destroyed 
(with the Order) by King Philip-le-Bel (1307). A tower was 
still extant until 1811. In it King Louis XVI., his queen and 
children were held captive by the Convention (1792-93). 

R. du Temple. PI. de la Republique. Statue de 

la Republique [I]. B. Vohaire. 

Statue «le Bobillot. — A bronze statue, by A. Paris, of 
an infantry-sergeant, one of the heroes of the Tonkin war 
(1883-85). 

St- Ambroise.^A handsome church in the Romanesque 
style; erected in 1863-69; Ballu, architect. 

Place Voltaire. Statue de Ledru-Rollin, "the 
organizer of universal suffrage " (1848). 
Mairie du XI. Arrondissenient ; a tasteful dis- 
trict city hall, built (1862-65) by Gamel. 

R. de la Roquette. On thi north side stood the 
Prison de la Grande Roquette (recently demol- 
ished) where convicts were kept until sent to 
the guillotine or the state penitentiary. Here, 
during the Commune days (May. 1871). Arch- 
bishop Darboy and other prominent ' 'hostages' ' 
were murdered by the infuriated rioters. In the 
street opposite took place the public execution of 
criminals : the grewsome sight may be witnessed 
now, occasionally, outside the gate of the 
"Prison de la Sante" Opposite is la Prison 
des Jeunes Detenus (Boys' Penal Reformatory). 
We turn into the B de Menilmontant and find 
ourselves facing the main entrance to le -|» 
Cimetiere du P^re I^a Chaise.— The famous grave- 
yard that does duty for the eastern districts of Paris. Lo- 
cated on what was once the country-seat of the Jesuit father 
De la Chaise, the confessor of Louis XIV. Organized as a 
cemetery in 1804. It is replete with monuments erected to 
the memory of famous dead, and is considered the most 
fashionable burying-ground in the capital. Masterpieces of 



I40 TWELVE CITY ROUTES 

architecture and sculpture can be counted here by the hun- 
dred; here are a few of the most noted names on the 
tombs: Hdloise and Ab^lard, the immortal lovers; Musset 
the poet; Auber, the composer; Cuvier, the naturalist; 
Bernardin de St. Pierre, author of the exquisite " Paul and 
Virginie" ; La Fontaine, Moliere and Racine, three glo- 
rious names; Ingres, Pradier, David d'Angers, the artists; 
Balzac and Michelet, illustrious writers; Thiers, the Presi- 
dent; Rachel, the tragedienne, etc., etc. On May 27, 1871, 
the Communards fought their last fight in a corner of these 
grounds and were shot in gieat numbers against a wall, now 
always covered with wreaths, and called " Le Mur des 
Federes." The cemetery is opened all day long, and for a 
small fee, guides may be obtained to show you the finest mon- 
uments. A visit that should not be missed. The city owns 
19 cemeteries; 13 intra-muros for perpetual grants and six 
extra-muros for short grants (5 to 20 years). 

A. Louis Philippe. Place de la Nation. Used to 
be called Place du Trone; has, on a fountain in 
the center, the group, by Dalou, "The Tri- 
umph of the Republic." Two columns, 160 
ft. high; on top, the bronze effigies of Philip- 
Augustus and St. Louis. A. Diderot. Ecole 
Arago. R. de Picpus. " Cimetiere Picpus " ; 
fee, 10 cents; a small, disu.sed cemetery, beau- 
tifully shaded by trees, and containing tombs 
of the best aristocracy of France, many mem- 
bers of which were guillotined in 1793-94. At 
the eastern extremity is found le 
Tonibeau de _ liafayette. — The resting place of 
"America's great friend." 

A. Daumesnil. Porte de Picpus. Here we leave 
the fortified enclosure and soon reach le 

Bois de Viiieennes, a fine park, only second to the 
Bois de Boulogne. Area. 2,250 acres; once a forest, where 
good King St. Louis used to try cases under a famous oak, 
the place of which is marked by a pyramid. Louis XV. ren- 
dered this thick wood somewhat more secure; but only in 
1857-58 did Napoleon III. have it laid out as a park. It con- 
tains three natural lakes : Daumesnil (50 acres) , des Minimes 
(20 acres) and St. Mande, the prettiest and smallest. Large 
race-track. Also Champ de Manoeuvres (drill-ground, one- 
half mile wide) and an artillery Polygone. A MusfE 
FoRESTiER, or collection of forestry specimens, etc., com- 
pletes the many attractions. Numerous restaurants and. 
caf6s. Prices much lower than in the Bois de Boulogne 
establishments. The Chateau de Vincennes, once a royal 
castle (founded in the 12th century), later a state prison and 
a stronghold. The chapel begun in 1379 and completed in 
1552, is of very pure Gothic style. The Donjon, or Keep, is 
170 ft. high. The fortress may by visited only with a permit 
from the Minister of War. 

Return by rail to the Paris terminus of the Vin- 
cennes R.R., PI. de la Bastille [I]. The Grands 



TWELVE CITY ROUTES I4I 

Boulevards [I], up to B. des Italiens. On the 
south side of the Boulevard enter R. de Choi- 
senl. R. Monsigny. Th. des Boufifes-Parisiens. 
Place Ventadour. Succursale de la Banque 
de France (formerly the famous Th. des Ital- 
liens, devoted to Italian opera). R. Dalayrac. 
Passage Choiseul. R. Mehul. R. des Petits- 
Champs. A. de rOpera[I.]. R. de la Paix, 
one of the mest splendid streets in Paris on ac- 
count of its dazzling stores and of the bril- 
liant, artistocratic-looking crowd that patronize 
them ; it terminates on the 

Place and Coloiine VenclOme. — This "place" was 
constructed by Mansart the younger in 1708 ; rather chilling 
in its severely imposing aspect. The column in the center is 
14 ft. high and 13 ft. in diameter ; the bronze-coating was fur- , 
nished by the melting of 1,200 Russian and Austrian cannon. 
Erected by Napoleon after the victoiy of Austerlitz. Napoleon 
in coronation robes — a statue by Chaudet — stands at the top. 
The communards (in 1871) pulled down the column, but the 
bronze plates were recovered and the monument re-erected 
at the expense of the famous landscape painter, Courbet,who 
had foolishly headed this riotous deed. 

Ministere de la Justice et des Cultes (Ministry of 
Justice and Worship offices), on the west side of 
the Place ; some very beautifully decorated re- 
ception halls. R. Castiglione, R. de Rivoli. 
Statue de Jeanne d'Arc [I]. Palais Royal. 



ROUTE No. 8 

TO MONTMARTRE AND THE EQLISE DU SACRE 
CCEUR 

Palais-Royal. Place du Theatre Frangais. 

Theatre Fraii^ais. — This famous building, partly de- 
stroyed by fire (March 8, 1900), is one of the four theatres that 
receive yearly stipends from the state, the others being the 
Grand Opera, the Opera-Comique. and the Th. de l'Odeon. 
The '• Th6atre de la Comedie Fran^aise " (to give it its right 
name) is the home of a stock company of tragedians and 
comedians organized in 1681, principally from the troupe of 
Moliere (died 1673). The present theatre was built in 1782, 
and the troupe preserves the purest traditious of high dram- 
matic art. The library and picture galleries are filled with 
treasures; most of them saved from the fire of 1900. Notice 
the statue or Voltaire, by Houdon, the sculptor of Washing- 
ington's statue, now in Washington city, U. S. A. 

R. de Richelieu. 

Fontaine Moliere. — Erected by public subscription 
in 1844. Bronze statue of the great playwright, by Seurre. 



142 



TWELVE CITY ROUTES 



^ Ma^asins Dufaye), 




FROM 

Palais-Royal 

TO 

EgliseduSacre-Goeur 
de montmartre. 



Bourse^:!! 4; 



CITY ROUTE No. 8 



TWELVE CITY ROUTES -43 

A little farther to your right, in the same R. 

Richelieu, la 

Bibliotii^qne IVationale, the largest public library 
in the world ; with three fafades ; built by Lemuet and Man- 
sart. In 1373, this huge collection was begun by Charles V. ; 
enriched by a succession of kings; it came in 1666 to its 
present site. Over 3^ million volumes ; 2^2 million engrav- 
ings; 300,000 maps. In the " Salle du travail " (work room) 
there are seats for 344 students (admission card is needed, 
obtained from the secretary). Over 200,000 rare coins and 
medals in a special department. A number of other curious 
and extraordinarily valuable editions. 

PI. Louvois. Fontaine Louvois (erected by Vis- 
conti [1844] ; emblematic figures of the great 
French rivers). B. des Italiens and Montmar- 
tre. R. Drouot. This corner of the boulevards 
is called le " Carrefour des Ecrases" (the run- 
over crossing). 

Hdtel <Ies Ventes Mobili^res. — The central auc- 
tion house of Paris. Here famous sales of paintings, rare 
curios, jewels, books and furniture gather wealthy amateurs 
from all parts of the world. 

R, Chauchat. Temple Protestant de la Redemp- 
tion. Hotel du "Figaro" (mansion occupied 
by this famous daily), 
Mairie du IX. Arronclissemeiit. — In the wide 

courtyard of this district city hall, a bronze statue of Voltaire 

by Lambert. 

Faubourg Montmartre. 

Bfotre-Daiiie-rte-LiOrette. — A church built like a 
basilica of the early Christian centuries; architect. H. Lebas 
(1823-36). Very fine fiescoes decorate the nave, 225 ft. long, 
100 ft. wide, and 60 ft. high. 

R. Notre-Dame-de-Lorette, PI. St. Georges. 

Hotel <l« M, Thiers. — A fine mansion, formerly owned 
by Adolphe Thiers, the first president of the present French 
Republic. It was sacked and ruined by the Communards in 
May, 1871, but rebuilt and refurnished at the expense of the 
state. 

R. Fontaine. PI Blanche. A. du Cimetiere, 330 
ft. long, leads to le 

Cimetiere de Montmartre.— This cemetery is espe 
cially devoted to the needs of the northern district of the city. 
Among the prominent dead whose monuments adorn this vast 
enclosure are Renan, Theophile Gautier, Murger, Alexandre 
Dumas, Jules and Edniond de Goncourt, the authors ; Dela- 
roche, Scheffer, Troyon, Greuze, the painters ; Berlioz, 
Hal6vy, Masse, the composers ; and hundreds of other famous 
men and women of the 19th century. 

R. Etex. R. de Maistre. R. Lepic. 

- Moulin de la Oalette. — The quaint remnants of an 
old wind-mill now transformed into a restaurant and dance 
hall, standing almost at the top of the "Butte" (hill of) Mont- 



144 TWELVE CITY ROUTES 

martre (i,ooo ft. above the river Seine) that crowns the north 
extremity of Paris. This whole quarter is filled with artists' 
studios and with the evidence of the free and easy life of 
the craft. Drink-Halls (called "cafes artistiques ") are 
found around the B. Clichy and attract visitors from all parts 
of the city. 

Continuing our ascension through the R. Norvins, 

we reach the ancient church of 

St. Pierre de IHoiitmartre. — Montmartre means 
"Mount of the Martyrs," in honor of St Denis and his com- 
panions who suffered death on account of their faith (A. D. 
270). This unused church is a relic of a convent founded in 
1 147. Almost in front of it stands the basilica, called I'Eglise 
Votive du 

Sacre-C«eur. a huge pile, the building of which began 
in 1876; Abadie, architect. It is built by private gifts, "to 
atone for the sins of France and appease the wrath of God 
made manifest in the terrible year 1870-71." Up to 1897, about 
five million dollars had been spent; the receipts continue 
to flow in at the rate of 820,000 a month. It needed 83 wells 100 
ft. deep to build the foundations. The church proper is 330 ft. 
deep; the dome is 200 ft. high, and behind it a large belfrey- 
tower is to be 250 ft. high; it contains "la Savoyarde," a 
bell weighing nearly 32 tons. From the steps of the church 
a superb view of the city may be obtained. (Fee, 5 cents to 
the church, 10 cents to the top of the dome.) 

Reservoir de la Ville (2,400,000 gallons), R. Miil- 
ler. R. de Clignancourt. Magasins Dufayel 
B. Rochechouart. Place d' An vers. Statues of 
Sedaine, the dramatist (1719-1797), and of Di- 
derot, the philosopher (1713-1784), in bronze, by 
Lecointe. 

Collegre ROklin. — A beautifully equipped boarding- 
school for boys from 8 to 18 ; owned by the city. In the 
Court of Honor, a statue of Charles Rollin, the historian 
(1661-1741), by Debut. 

R. and Place Turgot. R. Rochechouart. Sq. 

Maubeuge. Salle de concerts Pleyel. R. 

Cadet. R. Richer. 

Folies-Berg'ere, a luxuriously appointed variety-show 
that caters to the fashionable element among the pleasure- 
loving foreigners. 

At the corner of the R. Ste. Cecile and the R. 
du Conservatoire' stands 

8t. £(is-^ne. — A modern church (1855) in the Gothic 
style; Boileau, architect; contains splendid stained-glass 
windows. 

At the cor. of the R. Faubourg Poissonniere, we 
come to le 

Conservatoire de Mnsiqne et de Declasna- 
tioii, a world famed institution for the training of musi- 
cians of both sexes. 750 pupils are in attendance and 
receive the best tuition from 71 masters famous in their spe- 



TWELVE CITY ROUTES I45 

cialities; no charge whatever. Large library and collection 
of rare musical instruments, manuscripts of scores, portraits 
of great artists, etc. The concert-hall and its orchestra are 
considered the most select in existence. Every year the 
happy winner of the Grand Prize in musical composition is 
sent to Rome for three years at the state's expense. 

R. Bergere. Comptoir d'Escompte (very large 

bank, with branches all over the world). R. 

du Faubourg Montmartre. R. Montmartre. R. 

Notre-Dame des Victoires. Here we see — not 

the fagade (it is on the R, Vivienne) but the 

reverse side of 

lia Bourse; the Paris Stock Exchange, a huge, de- 
tached building, shaped somewhat like a Greco-Roman 
temple ; 161 ft. long, 234 ft, deep and 165 ft. high, surrounded 
by a peristyle with columns; the main hall is 105 ft. deep by 
60 ft. wide. The brokerage of stocks and bonds is legally en- 
trusted to a company of 60 sworn brokers called "agents de 
change " ; but there are hundreds of " curb-stone brokers," 
some of them very powerful. The regular business hours 
are between 12 and 3 P. M., when a visit to the main 
hall (admission free) is one of the most curious sights in Paris. 

PI. des Victoires. Statue tie liouis XIV. — 

This old-fashioned "place" of an eliptical from, with the 
original buildings built by H. Mansart (1685) in a uniform 
style, is now entirely devoted to wholesale business. In the 
center an equestrian statue of Louis XIV. by Bosio (1822); 
fine bas-reliefs by Bosio's nephew. We leave this place by the 

R. Croix-des-Petits-Champs, and pass one of the 

gates of la 

Banque de France, the main entrance of which is 
on R. de la Vrilliere; it was built by Mansart (1620) for one 
of the natural sons of Louis XIV. and Marquise de Montes- 
pan. In 1892, the Republic established there the National 
Printing Office. When the Banque de France (a private cor- 
poration with about 38 million dollars capital) was organized 
(1803). it bought this palace but didn't occupy it until 1808. 
A few superb halls, with decorations and paintings of the 
17th and i8th centuries. Enormous amounts of precious 
metals kept here to secure the issue of banknotes of 
which the Banque has the absolute monopoly. The institu- 
tion has branches in every French city over 12,000 or 15,000 
inhabitants, and discounts commercial paper bearing three 
signatures. It is considered second only to the Bank of 
England, to which it loaned money repeatedly. 

Caisse d'Sparg'ne de Paris, or Savings Institution 
of PariS; is on the same street. It is a public establishment 
such =^'^ ■=■<:: nd in every French city, where private savings- 
banks . - ■ sncouraged. It is managed, free of charge, 
by leading l-arisian business men who hold such an appoint- 
ment as a great honor. All the funds are immediately 
invested in government 3% bonds. The interest paid is 2^ % , 
with some rules limiting the sudden withdrawal of funds. It 
is independent from the Caisse d'Epargne Postale (IV). 

R. St. Honore. Palais- Royal. 



146 



TWELVE CITY ROUTES 







CITY ROUTE No. 9 




TWELVE CITY ROUTES 



ROUTE No. 9 



147 



QUAYS AND BRIDGES FROM PONT=NEUF TO 
PONT=D AUTEUIL 

Palais-Royal. R. de Rivoli R. du Pont-Neuf. 
PontNeuf [II]. Q. Conti. 

Hdtel ties Ifloiinaies, or the French "Mint" is a 
large and handsome mansion especially built for the purpose 
in 1775 ; Antoine, architect ; its facade is 400 ft. long and dec- 
orated with emblematic sculptured figures. The main stair- 
case leading to the Musee Monetaire (the Monetary Mu- 
seum) is a remarkable work of art; so is the main hall, to 
which are annexed four minor rooms. In the manufactur- 
ing department, where admission is granted by ticket and 
guides are provided, are 17 stamps, turning out 600,000 coins 
a day. The medal-manufacturing department is very 
curious. In France all goldware and silverware (jewelry, 
watches, plate,) must bear the hall-mark of the mint ; the only 
accepted standard is 22 carats for gold and 900 fine for silver. 

Bibliotlieqiie Mazarine. —This library, collected 
by Cardinal Mazarin (1602-1662), is installed in a depen- 
dency of the Palais de ITnstitut (see below); contains the 
rarest specimens of early printing; also 250,000 volumes, and 
6,000 MSS., besides a number of valuable and artistic curios. 

Pont lies ArtN. — A foot-passenger bridge, between the 
Louvre and the Institut, built 1802-04; one of the best views 
of the river obtainable from here. On the left side, standsle 

Palais de I'Institut, devoted to the five academies 
that form the Institut de France: Academie Franfaise, 
the "French Academy" (1648), 40 members; Academie des 
Science (1666), 40 members; Academie des Inscriptions et 
belles lettres (1701), 40 members; Academie des Beaux-Arts 
(1656), 40 members; Academie des Sciences Morales et 
Politiques (1743), 40 members. They represent the elite of 
French thought and talent, and distrtbute prizes to a very 
large amount every year. They have, besides, correspond- 
ing members among the great men all over the world. 

Q. Malaquais. 

Ecole ?fationale «les Beaux-Arts. — Founded 1648. 
Without contest the leader among the the art-schools in 
the world. Titular pupils admitted onb after severe exam- 
ination. The studios and lecture-rooms open to all, but 
pupils alone entitled to diplomas or prizes. Four branches : 
Architecture, painting, sculpture and medal engraving. 
The winners of first prizes in each branch sent as state 
boarders to the French Academy at Rome. The present 
building erected (1820-38) by Debret and Duban. Entrance 
on R. Bonaparte; colossal busts of Puget, the sculptor and 
Poussin , the painter. The interior courts as well as the 
halls are replete wi;h works of art, ancient and modern. In 
the amphitheatre, see the Hemicycle by Paul Delaroche with 
75 figures 23 ft. high of artists of all times and nations. 
Guides provided by concierge (janitor) ; fee. 

Q. Voltaire. 

P. du Carrousel or des Saints-P^res.— Built in 
i834by Palonceau. Note the two statues at each extremity. 
P. Royal.— Built (1685-89) by Remain and Mansart. 



148 TWELVE CITY ROUTES 

Q. d'Orsay. Caisse des-Dep6ts-et-Consignations 

(a government depository for private savings, 

indemnity bonds, etc). Caserne Bonaparte. 

Nouvelle Gare du Chemin du fer d'Orleans [V]. 

Palais de la liCg'ioii d'Hoiiiietir. — Originally 

built by Prince Salm-Kyrburg (1786) ; later, inhabited by 

the famous Madame de Stael-Holstein, the authoress; now 

the headquarters of the grand-chancellor of the illustrious 

Order of Knighthood, founded by Napoleon in 1803. Was 

burned down by the Communards (May. 1871) ; it was rebuilt 

with the money subscribed by the members of the order. A 

graceful building. No visitors admitted. 

Pont Solferino.— This bridge was built 1858-59 and 
named in honor of the French victories in the Franco-Aus- 
trian war of June, 1859, that freed Italy from the thraldom 
of Austria. 

Pont de la Concorde ; this bridge was built by 
Perronet (1787-90) partly with stone from the demolished 
Bastille [I.] ; for a time it was called "Pont de la Revolution." 

Chambre des Deputes [I].. 

Palais de la Presidenee de la Chambre. — A 

very handsome palace fronting the Seine and adjoining the 
Palais-Bourbon, or House of Deputies. Therein resides the 
Speaker of the House for the time being. The office is 
elective, and the incumbent is not as frequently changed as 
the members of the cabinet. 

Minist^re des Affaires Etrang-eres. — Known in 
diplomatic parlance af the " Palais d'Orsay.'' This is the 
French Foreign Office, where sat lately the Spanish-American 
Peace Commission (1898) and the Venezuela Commission 
(1899). This superb mansion, wherein are located the offices 
as well as the residence of the minister, were built for the 
purpose in 1845, under King Louis-Philippe. The reception 
apartments are magnificent. 

Esplanade des InvaHdes; a large open space (1600 
X 825 ft.) bordered with elm trees, and occupied 
by sundry exposition buildings (see Map of the 
Exposition grounds. ) 

Pont Alexandre III. — A superb bridge eiected espe- 
cially as a monument to the Exposition of 1900; first stone 
laid by Czar Nicolas II in October. 189b; length, 360 feet; 
width, 131 feet. 

Pont des Invalides. — Bridge built 1827; remodelled 
1855; adorned with two emblematic statues: "Victory on 
Land," by Dieboldt, and "Victory on Sea," by Villain. 

JUanufactnre JVationaie des Tabacs.— This is 
one of the model factories in which the government manu- 
factures tobacco goods of all kinds. Tobacco is a strict 
state monopoly and brings in a revenue of 75 million francs a 
year. Tobacco stores are limited in number and granted as 
privileges to widows of officers or officials; some of them 
are very profitable. The beneficiaries are allowed to sublet 
their stores to agents. In this factory some very curious 
machmery may be seen at work. Over 13 million pounds of 
tobacco, cigars and cigarettes manufactured yearly; 2,200 
work people, mostly girls. 



TWELVE CITY ROUTES 



149 



Mag'asin Central des Hdpitanx Militaires.— 

The central warehouse of supplies for the army hospitals ; 
close to it is le Depot des Marbres where the government 
stores blocks of fine marble such as are to be used for sculp- 
ture ; a few artists have studios there when working on gov- 
ernment orders. 

Pont de I'AIma, built in 1856, to celebrate the great 
Franco-English victory over the Russians, at the beginning 
of the Crimean war. Fine stone statues of soldiers adorn 
the bridge. On the left bank, Pl. de l'Alma with a bronze 
group by Chretien. 

Oarde-Menble !N'ationaI ; a fine collection of rare 
furniture, tapestries, curios, belonging to the state and used 
to decorate palaces, etc. Here is a museum to be visited 
free every day, except Monday. 

Champ de Mars. Exposition. — This enormous 
space, called "Field of Mars," has been used for exposi- 
tion purposes in 1867, 1878, 1889 and 1900 [see Map of Expo- 
sition grounds]. It is 1,100 yds. long, and 550 yds. broad 
(along the river). It has been used between times as mili- 
itary drill-grounds. In 1790 the embankment side was 
planted with trees, and here, on July 14, of that year, King 
Louis XVI. swore allegiance to the new constitution. 

In the northern (or lower) part of the Champ de 
Mars stands the 

Tour Eiffel.— Built (1887-89) by Engineer Gustave Eiffel ; 
height, 984 ft. (nearly twice the height of the Washington 
Monument). The base covers 2^ acres of land. The 
single shaft, after the four uprights unite, is 590 ft. high. 
The first platform, 5,860 sq. yds. ; the second platform, 32 
yds. sq., and the top platform, 54 ft. sq., and holds 800 people. 
The "Lantern " is still 79 ft, higher, and is reached by a 
staircase. The search-light installed there covers a radius 
of 45 miles. On clear days the view (with glasses) extends 
to 53 miles. (See Map of Exposition Grounds). 

Pont d'lena,— Built in 1809-13, in honor of the great 
victory over the Prussians. When the allied troops occupied 
Paris in 1814, an abortive attempt was made by the Prussians 
to blow up this bridge. 

Pont de Passy. — A foot-passenger bridge built in 
1878. It connects with the P. de Crenelle (see below) by a 
narrow island called l'Allee des Cygnes. On the western 
extremity of this strip of land stands a reduction of Bar- 
tholdi's " Liberty Enlightening the World," that adorns the 
New York harbor. 

Q. de Grenelle. 

P. de Orenelle.— An iron bridge, rebuilt in 1875. 

Q. de Javel. 

Pont HMEirabean. — A finely designed bridge, with an arch 
of one span, built in 1895. 

Pont- Viaduc-d'Auteuil.— This bridge, a^marvel of 
beauty and ingenuity, was constructed in 1866 by Bassom- 
pierre. It accommodates railroad traffic as well as vehicles 
and foot-passengers. 

Cross over here and resume your route facing 

■"east instead of west, but still following the 



TWELVE CITY ROUTES 




TWELVE CITY ROUTES I5I 

banks of the river. We shall not repeat the 
names of the bridges. 
Q. d'Auteuil. Hospitalite dn Travail (the labor- 
ing people's lodging-house). Q. de Passy. 
Pare dii Trocadero; a beautifully laid-out park 
down the slope from the Palace (XII.) to the Q. de Passy. 
Included within Exposition inclosure and devoted to Colo- 
nial buildings and exhibits of all nations. 

Q. de Billy. Magasins des Subsistances Militai- 
res (army-commissary warehouses and baker- 
ies). Pompe-a-feu (water-works). PI. de 
I'Alma. Q. de la Conference. 

Maison de Francois Premier. — An exquisitely 
pretty house, built near Fontainebleau, by King Francis I. 
(1515-47), and transferred stone by stone, in 1824, to the 
corner of Cours-la-Reine (^behind Q. de la Conference) and 
R. Bayard. We cross the A. d'Antin and reach 1' 

A.Nicolas [II.], a superb avenue opened especially 
in honor of the Exposition of igoo and connect- 
ing in a straight line the Champs-Elysees with 
the fagade of the Hotel des Invalides [III.] 
over the stately xA.lexandre III. bridge. 
Graiid-Palais-des-Beaux-Arts: built to take the 
place of the old Palais de l'Industrie, facing the Champs- 
Elysees and used for Exposition purposes, especially the 
yearly " Salon of Paintings," etc., Concours Hippique 
(horse show); the Exposition des Arts-Decoratifs, etc. 
This new palace and the smaller one on the other side of 
the A. Nicolas II. cost over S4, 200, 000. They are included 
in the Exposition inclosure. The principal fa9ade of the 
large palace is 400 ft, long. Architects : Deglane, Louvet 
and Thomas. 

P«'t.it Palais-des-Beaiix-Arts : to be used, after 
the Exposition, as a Museum of the City of Paris. During the 
Exposition it contains exhibits of retrospective art in all 
its branches. Architect, Charles Giraud. 

Place de la Concorde [I]. Q. des Tuileries. 

Orangerie [III.]. Q. du Louvre. PI. du Louvre, 

St. Germain-l'Auxerrois [II.]. R.du Louvre. 
Palais-Royal. 

ROUTE No. 10 

TO LES ABBATTOIRS DE LA VILLETTE AND LES 
BUTTES=CH AUMONT 

Craleries du Palais-Royal. — We described the 
- palace (I.) ; the galleries that surround the gardens, and are 
lined with handsome stores, under 180 arches, are : G. Mont- 
pensier, on the west side ; G. de Valois on the east side; G. 
Beaujolais. on the north side. On the south side, the Galle- 
ries d'Orleans and de Chartres. On the corner of the G- 
Montpensier is the 



152 



TWELVE CITY ROUTES 



Til. du Palais-Royal, a very fashionable resort 
where broad farces are acted very cleverly by a famous 
stock company. The lower row of seats are reached by a 
flight of iron stairs. Built in 1874, and long known as Th. 
Montansier. 

R. Vivienne. Bibliotheque Nationale [VIII.]. PI, 
de la Bourse [VIII.]. R. du Quatre-Septem- 
bre. R. de Grammont. R. Gretry. PI. Boiel- 
dieu. 

Opera-Comique.— One of the theaters subsidized by 
the state ; high-class opera, nine months in the year, seven 
days a week. Burned down with great loss of life in May, 
1887. Reconstruction completed in i8g8; Davioud, architect. 
The building runs to the B. des Italiens, along the 

R. Marivaux. B. des Italiens (Famous restau- 
rant, "le Cafe Anglais"). R. Laffitte. 
Banque Rothscbild. — One of four establishments of 
this colossal firm; the others are in Frankfort-on-the-Main, 
' Vienna and London. The Paris firm is the head of the 
whole concern under, the local name of Messrs. de Roths- 
child freres. 

R. Lafayette (3,077 yds. long). Sq, Montholon 

(small but very lively, with exquisite "Children 

Group," by Claude Vignon). Ecole Bernard- 

Palissy (a city professional school). 

St. "Vincent-de-Paiil, a church in the style of the 

early Christian basilica; built 1824-44, Hittorff and Lepere, 

architects; length 264 ft., width, 120 ft. Approached by 

graceful inclines. Over the portico a bas-ielief representing 

the Saint between Hope and Charity. Two towers 138 ft. 

high. 

Behind the church, Hopital Lariboisiere, built 
1846-53, out of a gift of $600,000 from Comtesse 
Lariboisiere. PI. Lafayette. Ecole Alsacienne 
(for the education of French- Alsatian children). 
B. Magenta. R. de Dunkerque. PI. de Rou- 
baix. 

Gare du Nord. — A monumental R. R. station, erected 
1863 ; Hittorff, architect. From here start lines to the North 
of France, England (over Calais or Boulogne), Belgium, 
Holland, Germany, Russia. 

R. du Faubourg St. Denis. 

Alaison Muiiicipale de Sante, also called Maison 
Dubois; a private hospital, owned and managed by the city 
authorities. Prices very low. Every comfort. Eminent 
physicians and surgeons in attendance. 

B. de la Chapelle. 

Hdtel des Douanes. — Central Custom-House office 
for the district. Custom-house officers, in France, are part 
of the regular army ; they occupy their positions up to 60 years 
old, are pensioned, etc. ; no politics whatever in the French 
civil service which extends to every department. 



TWELVE CITY ROUTES 153 

Pompe-a-feu (water- works. ) Bassin de la Villette 
(a harbor of 16 acres, 75 ft. above the level of 
the Seine). Q. de la Seine. Church of St. 
Christophe. Pi. de Bitche. Canal de I'Ourcq 
(54 miles long, connecting the river Ourcq with 
the river Seine). Q. de I'Oise. Canal St. De- 
nis (a ramification of the above, lyi miles long). 
Q. de la Gironde. R. de Flandre. Here stands 
the monumental gate of les 

Abattoirs Oeneraux de la Ville.— Central city 
slaughter-houses; 20 courts, 250 scalding pans. Slaughter- 
house for pigs on the other side of the city enclosure. 
Everything remarkably clean ; cost of the building and plant, 
$15,000,000. Numerous well-dressed people are seen every 
morning drinking glasses of warm blood to cure consump- 
tion and general debility. 

B. MacDonald. R, Manin. PI. and statue d'Ar- 
mand Carrel (1800-36, a famous newspaper 
editor, killed in a duel). 

Pare des Buttes-Chaumoiit. — A very beautiful 
park in the working classes quarter of the city. The mu- 
nicipal council, decidedly socialistic in its tendencies, gives 
the same care to the poorer parts of the city as it does to the 
richer ones. These hillocks (buttes) were made into a fine 
recreation-ground by Alphand and Barillet, on the site 
where the old kings used to keep their gibbets constantly 
loaded with victims. The area is 55 acres, with an artificial 
lake and grotto, a cascade 100 ft. high and a most picturesque 
iron cable bridge 50 yds. long. Numerous pieces of statuary 
dot the grass. There are restaurants, caf^s, etc. The lower 
Parisian classes are seen there at their best on Sunday 
afternoons. 

Rue Secretan. R. de Meaux. R. Louis-Blanc. 
Canal St. Martin (four miles long; continues 
the canal del' Ourcq). R. du Faubourg St. Mar- 
tin, at the corner of the R. de Strasbourg. 

St. lianrent; a church in excellent Gothic style, re- 
built in 1429 and enlarged in 1548, 1395 and 1865. Modern 
portal and spire ; C. Dufeux, architect. Above the portal, 
the History of St, Laurent painted by Baize in enameled 
lava. 

R. de Strasbourg. 

Gare cle I'Est. — A remarkably handsome railroad sta- 
tion known as la Gare de Strasbourg. Lines start there for 
Eastern France, Switzerland, Germany, Austria, the Balkan 
Kingdoms, Turkey. a 

B. de Strasbourg (875 yds. long), near the cross- 
ing of the Grands Boulevards are found a num- 
ber of amusement halls and theatres, the lead- 
ing ones being Concert Parisian, Eldorado, la 
Scala, Th. Antoine. B, Sebastopol,. Sq. des 



i5'4 



TWELVE CITY ROUTES 



< — (^m) 
Palais -Rojal 



Place 

Moument 
Arcde 



TourSt.Jacques 

Theatre duChalelet 
Fontaine au Palmier 

Theatre des Nations 

Tribunal de Commerce 
Prefecture de Police 



Lyce'e St.Louis 
Place de la Sorbonne 






FRO^ 


P. 


LAIS-^ )YAL 




T< 





EW TOIRE 



CITY ROUTE No. 11 



TWELVE CITY ROUTES 



155 



Arts-et-Metiers. Th. de la Gaite [VI]. R. 
de Turbigo. R. Etienne-Marcel. Between 
this street arid R, Tiquetonne, stands la 
Tour cle JeaBi-Saiis-Peur, a heavy tower, the sole 
remnant of the Hotel de Bourgogne, a 13th century man- 
sion, which became in the i6th and 17th centuries the home 
of a famous theatrical company, later merged into the 
Comedie Francaise [VIIIJ organization. 

Grande Poste [VII]. R. J. J. Rousseau. R. de 
Marengo. R. St. Honore. Palais-Royal. 



ROUTE No. 11 
TO LE LUXEMBOURG AND L'OBSERVATOIRE 

Palais-Royal. Les Tuileries [III.] (Guichet du 

Pavilion de Rohan). You pass under one of 

the Tuileries pavilions and enter la 

Place <Iii Carroiise!, between the Tuileries Gardens 

and the Sq. du Carrousel; named from a brilliant tourney 

held there in 1662. To your left stands, le 

Monument tie Oainbetta, by Boileau and Aub^; 
erected 1888, showing the great patriot urging the nation to 
the defense of the fatherland. Behind this monument ex- 
tends the Square du Carrousel, that stretches up to the 
Louvre Court of Honor. Here is to be inaugurated (Juh 
4, 1900,) le 

M<»nunient de L.a Fayette, presented by the chil- 
dren of the United States to the people of France. 

Looking W. we gaze upon the imposing mass of 1' 
Arc de Trioni$»lie «Su t'arronsel, a beautiful arch 
50 ft. high by 64 ft. wide and 22 ft. thick; a copy of the Arch 
of Severus, at Rome. Erected by Napoleon L in honor of 
his victories of 1803-6; Percier and Fontaine, architects, 
The " quadriga " on top, by Bosio, represents the Restoration 
of Order. 

Q. des Tuileries. P. du Carrousel, or des Saints- 
Peres [IX] ; its regular entrance is on the R. 
Bonaparte, which we now enter ; we soon 
reach St. Germain-des-Pres [I.] and la 
PI. and I'Eg-lise St. Sulpice.— In the center of the 
"place" stands a fountain, by Visconti, embellished by 
statues of France's foremost preachers, Bossuet, Fenelon, 
Massillon and Flechier. The building on the south side is 
the leading R. C. Seminary for the higher education of can- 
didates to the priesthood. The church, on the east side of 
the place, is 462 ft. long jpy 183 ft. wide, and 108 ft. high; the 
higher towei is 224ft. high: the other is unfinished. The 
church was rebuilt by Servandoni, under Louis XIV. It is 
full of artistic marvels and is the richest parish on the left 
side of the Seine. 

R. St. Sulpice. Carrefour de I'Odeon. R. et PI. 
de I'Odeon. 



156 TWELVE CITY ROUTES 

Til, de I'Odeoii, also called Second Theatre Fran- 
5AIS, is a state ( subsidized) institution for comedy and tragedy 
of a high order. It is classical in its outlines and its colon- 
nades; built in 1772. On the square in front is a monument .^ 
to Emile Augier, the playwright. 

R, Corneille. R. de Vaugirard. 

Palais du liuxembourg-. S^iiat. — This palace 
was erected, in 1615-20, for Queen Marie de M^dicis, widow 
of Henri IV., by Architect Debrosse. The principal fayade 
(on R. Vaugirard) is 100 yds. long. It underwent many vicissi- 
tudes, but since 1804 it has always been the seat of the upper 
branch of the legislature — Senate or House of Peers — and 
again (as now) Senate. The Hall, of Sittings is most inter- 
esting and finely decorated (ask for tickets) ; so is la Gal- 
erie des Bustes and the former Salle du Trone. A western 
wing of the palace is called le 

Petit-Liuxembourg'. — It is now the residence of the 
President of the Senate and contains some stately apart- 
ments. As a dependency of the palace is the famous 

Miisee du liiixembourg-, where is gathered a superb 
collection of works by living artists. Visible every day 
(except Monday) from 9 A. M. to 4 P. M. in summer and 10 
A. M. to 4 P. M. in winter. 

R. du Luxembourg. R. Auguste Comte. Or if 

you prefer it you may cross le 

Jardin du liuxeinbourg-, a most attractiva garden, 
or small park, with lofty trees, statuary galore, especially 
marble presentments of 20 celebrated French women. Do 
not fail to ask for the beautiful Fontaine de Medicis, an 
exquisite creation of Debrosse, in the early 17th century. 

A. de I'Observatoire. At the southern extremity of 

the tree-shaded portion of this avenue stands la 

Fontaine de I'Observatoire, or des Q,uatre 

Parties du Monde. — An emblematic group, by Car- 

peaux, of a most beautiful effect especially when the foliage 

is full and green. 

Carrefour de I'Observatoire. Station du Chemin 

de Fer de Sceaux (ancienne). 

Observatoire de Paris. — A famous institution, es- 
tablished on this site in 1672 by Louis XIV. ; Perrault, 
architect, The meridian of Paris runs through the center 
of the building; the south facade gives the latitude of Paris. 
The vaults are as deep (90 ft.) as the highest tower. The 
largest telescope is 42 ft. in diameter. The official French 
time recorded here and telegraphed all over the world. 
Library and astronomical museums. 

In the garden of I'Observatoire and pointing to 
the north stands the statue of Le Verrier, the 
great astronomer. Returning to the Carrefour 
de I'Observatoire, over the same avenue, we 
find on our right le 

Bal Bullier, the quaint and curious, although decided- 
ly "rapid" students' ball CThursdays, Saturdays and 
Snndays). 



TWELVE CITY ROUTES 



157 



On the other side of the carrefour, stands la 

statue dn Mar^clial Bi"ey. — An impressive bronze 
presentment, by Rude, of the famous marshal of Napoleon, 
shot, on this very spot, by order of King Louis XVIII. , for 
returning to his old chief during the Hundred Day period 
(March-June, 1815). 

B. St. Michel, fo famous as the resort of students, 
lined with cafes, filled at night with boisterous 
gayety ; called by the boys ' 'Boul. Mich." On 
this thorougfare and with its back to the Lux- 
embourg gardens, stands 1' ^ 

Ecole J^ationale c!es Mines. — Another famed in- 
stitution, founded in 1793, for the training of mining engi- 
neers; enlarged in 1848 and 1863. Fine laboratory for free 
assays of specimens submitted. Large Museum of Miner- 
alogy AND Geology. Relief maps of curious regions of the 
earth, etc. 

Lycee St, Louis (the old College d'Harcourt). 
Station duChemin de fer ds Sceaux (nouvelle). 
Place de la Sorbonne. Fontaine St. Miche') 
[II]. Prefecture de Police [I]. Tribunal 
de Commerce [II]. P. au Change. PI. du 
Chatelet. Fontaine de la Victoire [V]. Th. 
du Chatelet and Th. Sarah-Bernhardt [V]. B. 
Sebastopol. Tour St, Jacques [V], R. de 
Rivoli. Palais-Royal, 



ROUTE No. 12 

FROM LE PALAIS=ROYAL TO LE TROCADERO 

Palais-Royal. PI. du Th. Frangais. Th. Fran- 
gais [VIII]. Avenue de I'Opera. Consulat- 
General des Etats-Unis (U. S, Consulate at 
No. 36). Grand-Opera [I]. R. Halevy. R. 
de la Chaussee d'Antin, terminating at la 

Pl.antl £g-lise cle la Trinite.— This church, built in 
1861-67, by Ballu, is in the late Romanesque style. It is 
reached by a double incline. Handsome clock-tower, 206 
ft. high between two '"lanterns." The organist, Guilmant, 
is well known in America. The square in front has three 
fountains, adorned with statues of Faith, Hope and Charity, 
by Lesquesne. 

R. St. Lazare. Passage du Havre. 

Gare St. Liazare. — One of the largest and finest R. R. 
stations in the world ; accommodates the most important 
suburban traffic of Paris. Lines here start for Normandy 
and England (by Dieppe or Havre). The large Hotel Ter- 
minus connects with the station. 



158 



TWELVE CITY ROUTES 



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CITY ROUTE No. 12 



TWELVE CITY ROUTES 



159 



R, du Havre. Magasins - du - Printemps. B. 
Haussmann, one of the finest Paris thorough- 
fares; continues to the Arc de Triomphe de 
I'Etoile, over the A. Freidland, its prolongation. 

ChapeJle Expiatoire, in a square to the left; a 
small building erected by King Louis XVIII. to the memory 
of Louis XVI. and Queen Marie-Antoinette, guillotined by 
the Convention (1793). Their remains lay there until 1815, 
when they were transferred to the Royal Vaults of St. Denis 
church. Some fine statuary in the galleries. (Small fee.) 

Caserne de la Pepiniere (Infantry barracks). Just 
above, the church of 

St. Aiig'ti^tin : a modern building by Ballard (1860-68) 
in much modified Romanesque styte. Dome, 165 ft. high, 80 
ft. in diameter. The Bonapartists celebrate here all their 
feast days commemorating the deaths of the members of the 
Napoleonic dynasty. 

B. Malesherbes — another fine thoroughfare, i^ 
miles to the city-enclosure. 

Pare Monceau or Monoeaux, only 22H acres in 
area, with its principal entrance on the B. de Courcelles. 
Princely residences adjoining this beautiful spot, purchased 
by the city from the Orleans family. The oval piece of 
water, called the " Naumachie," with its semi-circular colon- 
nade, is extremely pretty. There are heye monuments 
erected to Gounod, Chopin and Bizet, the musicians; Guy 
de Maupassant, the novelist, and Corot, the painter. 

Close to the park, R. Velasquez, visit le 

Miisee Cernusclli, a collection of rare specimens of 
Chinese and Japanese art; considered one of the finest ex- 
tant, and presented to the city by Mr. Cernuschi, a well- 
known writer on social economy and public finances. 

A short distance fiom the Pare Monceau, in the 
R. Daru, stands I'Eglise Russe (a very luxuri- 
ous though small edifice, erected in iS6t by 
Strohm and Kouzmnne). A. Hoche. Eglise 
Catholique anglaise (English R. C. Church, ' St. 
Joseph"). Arc de Triomphe de I'Etoile [III.]. 
A. Kleber, Ambassade des Etats-Unis (U. S. 
Embassy at No. 24) PI. des Etats-Unis ; in the 
center le 

Groupe de lia Fayette et de Washing-ton.— A 
fine piece of statuary, by Bartholdi, presented to the city by 
American admirers of the French "liberator." We reach 
now la 

PI. and le Palais du Troca«lero. — In Exposition 
times, this palace is included within the grounds and its park 
used for colonial exhibits of all nations. It occupies the 
summit of a plateau so called in honor of a French victory 
in Spain (1823). This huge oriental building, by Davioud 
and Bourdais, was inaugurated in 1878. The circular build- 
ing in the center is 63 yds. in diameter and 180 ft. high, and 



l6o TWELVE CITY RuOTES 

the minarets at each side of the dome are 270 ft, high, The 
wings, continuing the curve, are each 220 ft. long. Colossal 
statue of Fame (by Merci6) on top of dome. Cascade fall- 
ing in a basin 196 ft. in diameter, surrounded by bronze ani- 
mals. The Salle des Fetes sits 6,000 persons, and the 
organ is colossal. There are, besides, two museums: 
Mus^E de Sculpture Compar^e (casts of famous pieces of 
statuary, etc.), and a Mus^e Ethnographique, illustrating 
the various human races, their habits, etc. 

A. du Trocadero. At the corner of the R. Pierre- 
Charron, le 

Musee Oalliera. — A very handsome pavilion flanked 
by two colonaded wings and presented to the city by the 
Duchess of Galliera who gave away the enormous fortune she 
inherited from her husband, a Genoese banker who made 
Paris his home. The city filled the buildings with tapestries, 
sculpture, paintings and curios bestowedupon it by, rich 
amateurs. It is already replete with admirable specimens 
of modern art. 

On the PL d'lena stands le 

Mtis^e Ouimet. — This collection refers to the arts and 
religions of Asiatic nations, and was given to the cityby 
Emile Guimet, a wealthy Lyon manufacturer. The build- 
ing is in the later Greek style with a tower 90 ft. high. 
It is unique of its kind and contains a mine of captivating 
infoimation for the student of religions, old or new. 

PL et P, de I'Alma. A. Montaigne. Rond-Point 
des Champs-Elysees. Grand Palais des Beaux- 
Arts [IX.]. Petit Palais des Beaux- Arts [IX.]. 
Champs-Elysees [HI.]. Cirque d'Ete [I.]; a 
handsome building where the management of 
the Cirque d'Hiver transfers its performances 
from May to October. A short distance from 
it stands, all by itself, a dainty little box called 
le Th. Marigny, where variety shows, ballets, 
etc., are given through the summer months. 
A. Marigny. R. du Faubourg-St,-Honore, 
Here is the principal entrance to le 

Palais de I'Eflysee, the "White House" of France, 
the Paris residence of the President of the Republic (elected 
in a joint meeting of the two Houses for seven years ; salary 
$240,000. Summer residences : Compiegne, Rambouillet, 
Fontainebleau). Built in 1718, by Nolet, and later inhabited 
by the notorious Mme. de Pompadour. Napoleon signed 
here his abdication (1815). His nephew, when President of 
the second Republic (1849-52), resided here and prepared 
within its walls his criminal coup d'Etat of Dec. 2, 1851. In 
1889 a superb Salle des Fetes was added, extending to A. 
Gabriel (a side street of the Champs-Elysdes). A monu- 
mental entrance of the palace is to be erected on the same 
avenue. La 

PL Bauvau separates 1' Ely see from le 



TWELVE CITY ROUTES l6l 

Ministere de I'lnterienr, or Home Secretary's 
residence and offices, a handsome mansion built in the i8th 
century by Le Camus de M^zieres. 

Continuing (going east) the R. du Faubourg-St.- 
Honore, we pass on the right the portal of 1' 
Anibassade d'Ang'leterre, once the Borghese 
Palace; almost for a century occupied by H. B. M.'s ambas- 
sadors. 

We cross now the R. Royale, the Madeleine to our 
left and the PI. de la Concorde to our right and 
enter la R. St. Honore, a continuation of the 
baubourg St. Honore; after passing the build- 
ing containing one of the foui* permanent cir- 
cuses of Paris, "le Nouveau Cirque," we see, 
also on the right, the church of 

Ij'Assoinptioii, a building of the 17th century, with a 
somewhat heavy dome and a remarkable cupola painting by 
De la Fosse. 

As we proceed toward our goal, we find on our 
left the historically famous steps of 

St. Roch, from which Napoleon — then only the young 
General Bonaparte — crushed the Parisian rioters arraigned 
against the Convention (Oct. 5, 1785). The church, one of 
the richest parishes in Paris, was begun in 1653, but com- 
pleted only in 1736 by Robert de Cotte. It is built and dec- 
orated in what is called the rococo style, not accepted now- 
adays as perfect in contours and ornamentation. Total 
depth over 420 ft. Corneille was buried here (1684). Works 
of art many and most remarkable. The pulpit is a rich com- 
bination of bronze and carved wood. And now our 12th and 
last trip is over as we reach le 

Palais-Royal. 



SUBURBAN PLACES OF INTEREST 

Versailles. — 45 minutes from Paris. Magnificent Palace, 
Picture Galleries and Park. Residence of Louis XIV, XV, 
XVI, Marie Antoinette, etc. Twice a month, on Sundays in 
summer, the mighty waterworks play. 

St. Cloud. — 30 minutes from Paris. Ruins of the Palace, 
destroyed during the Franco-Prussian war in 1870, superb 
park and waterworks. 

Foiitaiiiebleau. — One hour from Paris. Fine old palace 
built by Francis I. Large and picturesque forest; much 
frequented by artists. Race-track. 

St. Oermain. — 40 minutes from Paris. Old chateau occu- 
pied by Louis XIII, and later by King James II of England 
afrer tne revolution of 1688. Beautiful terrace overlooking 
the valley of the Seine. 

Cbaiitilly. — 50 minutes from Paris. Old chateau of the 
the Princes of Conde, entirely renovated by the late Duke 
d'Aumale and filled with gems of art. Admirably well 
laid out forest. Most fashionable race-track in France. 



1 62 



VISITING LIST 



PUBLIC BUILDINGS, MUSEUMS, ETC. 

OPENING DAYS AND HOURS 

For Descriptions see Routes marked with ,i Roman figure 
after each name. 



NAMES. 



Archives Nationales [VI. J 

Arts et Metiers (Conservatoire desT[VII.] 

Beaux-Arts (Ecole des) [IX ] 

BibHotheque Nationale [VIII.] 

" de I'Arsenal [I.] 

Mazarine [IX.] .. . 

Ste. Genevieve [IV.] 

Bourse [VIII.] 

Bourse du Commerce [VI.] 

Catacombes [VI.] 

Chapelle Expiatoire [VII.] 

Deputes (Chambre des) [IJ 

Gobelins (Manufacture des) [IV.] 

Hotel de Ville [V.] 

Imprimerie Nationale [VI.]. 

Invalides (Hotel des). Tombeau de 

Napoleon [IV.] 

Jardin des Plantes — Menagerie [V.] 

" '' " — Collections [V.J.... 
Luxembourg (Palais du). S^nat [XL] . . . 

Monnaie (la) [IX.J 

Mus6e Artillerie (d') [II.] 

" Carnavalet [VI.J 

" Cernuschi [XII.] 

" Cluny[I.] 

" Conservatoire de Musique (du) 
[VII.] 

" Dupuytren (Medical) [I.J 

" Galliera [XII.] 

" Garde-Meuble National (du) [IX ] 

" Guimet [XII.] 

" Louvre (du) [II.] 

" Luxembourg (du) [XL] 

" Mines (des) [XL] 

" Social IIII.l 

Palais de Justice [11] 

Panth(§on [IV.] 

Sainte-Chapelle [II.] 

Egoiits ( Sew^ers) [V.] 

Tour St. Jacques [VI.] 

Trocadero [I.J 



Days when 
opened. 



S 
S. T. Th. 

E. D. 

E. W. D. 

E. W. D. 

E. W. D. 

E. W. D. 

E. W. D. 

E. W. D. 

ist& 3d Sat. 

E. D. 

E. D. 

W and Sat. 

E. W. D. 

Th. 

E. D. 
E. D. 

E. D. (/) 

E. W. D. [d) 

T. F. [e) 

S. T. Th. 

S. Th. 
S. T. Th. 
E. D. [g) 

M. Th. 

E. D. (e) 

E. D. (S') 

E. D. [g] 

E. D. (g) 

E. D. 

E. D. 

T.Th. Sat. 

E. W. D. 

E. D. {g) 

E. D. (f/) 

E. W. D. 

2d&4thWd 

E.W. D.(6) 

S. Th. {h) 



S = Sundays and holidays. E. D. = Every day. E. W, D.= 
Every week day. [(i) When the House is not sitting, [e] Ask 
for free ticket. (/) Except Mondays and Wednesdays, [g] 
Except Mondays, [h) Included in the Exposition grounds. 
T. — Tuesday. Th. — Thursday. F. — Friday. Sat. — Saturday. 



CHURCH CALENDAR 



CHURCHES 



163 



ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCHES 

[For location of all leading R. C. Churches see Index and Routes.] 

English R. C. Cliiirch of St. Joseph, 50 A. Hoche; 
Mass at 6, 7, 8, 9 10, 11 130 a. m. ; sermons at 10:30 a. m. and 3 
p. m. ; Confessions daily 6 tog a. m. 

In most of the other churches Sunday Low Masses from 6 
to 9. ; High Mass 10 to 10 130 a. m, [at the Madeleine, late Mass 
at I p. m.J ; Vespers, 3 p. m. Charge for chairs, i to 4 cents. 

The voluntary, played immediately after the offertory is 
always worth listening to, especially at Notre-Dame, La Trinite, 
St. Eustache, and St. Sulpice. 

The church of any creed is entitled to your respect. You 
are quite at liberty to join heartily in the responses and psalms, 
but you must not talk loudly or walk about during services. 

AMERICAN^ ENGLISH AND OTHER CHURCHES 

(not ROMAN catholic) 

American Chnrch (Presbyterian), 21R.de Berri; 11 
a. m. Chnrch of Scotland (Presbyterian) 17 R. Bayard; 
II a. m., 3 p. m. Eng-lish Chnrcli, 5 R. d'Aguesseau; 8 
and II a. m., 3 130 and 8 p. m. St. Oeorg'e's (Anglican 1, R. 
Augi:ste-Vaclierie ; 8:30, 11 :45 a. m., 8 p. m. Christ IJli 11 rcii 
(Anglican) 49 B. Bineau, Pare de Neuilly ; 10 130 a. m.. 3 p. m. ; 
in French 7:30 p.m. Holy Trinity (Amer. Episcopal), 
A. de I'Alma; 8:30 and 11 a. m,, 4 p. m Baptist Chiiich 
(in connection with the American Baptist Missionary Union), 
48 R. de Lille; 2 p. m. "^Vesieyan IllethoiJist Clinrcii, 
R. Roquepine; iia. m.,8p. m. Oaliican Church, 3 R. 
d'Arras; 10 a.m., 3:30 p.m. English Cong-regational 
Chnrch, 23 R. Royale; 11:15 a. m., 7 :30 p. m. Second 
Baptist Chnrch, 133 R. St. -Denis (French) ; 2 and 8 p. m. 
Anglo-American Y. M. C. A., i5o R. Montmartre. 

FRENCH PROTESTANT CHURCHES 
C — Calvinist ; L — Lutheran ; F — Free. 
Li'Oratoire (C), 145 R. St. Honore; 10:30 a.m. Ste. 
Marie (C), 216 R. St. Antoine; 10:30 a- m. Temple de 
i*Et<»iIe (C), A. de la Grande-Armeef; 10 a. m.. 4 p. m. 
Temple des Batignolles (C) 46 B. des Batignolles; 10:15 
a.m., 4 p. m. Pentemont (C), lob R. de Crenelle; 10:15 
a. m., 4 p. m. St. Esprit (C), 5 R. Roquepine; 10:15 a. m., 
I p. m. Temple Milton (C), R. Milton. Temple de 
Passy (C), 19 R. Cortambert; 10:15 a.m. Temple de 
?fenilly (C), 8 B. Inkermann; 10:15 a.m. Temple des 
Billettes (C), 24 R des Archives; 10:15 a m.. 12:36 and 3 
p. m. (in German). Temple de la Redemdption (L), 
16 R. Chauchat : 10:15 a.m. (German), 12, noon, (French). 
Swedish Chnrch (L), 19 B. Ornano; 2:30 p.m. Tait- 
toout (F), 42 R. de Provence; 10:15 a. m, Eglise du Xord, 
(F) 17 R. des Petits-Hotels; 10:15 a. m. Temple du Enx- 
embonrg, (F) 58 R. Madame; 10:30 a. m., 8 p. m. 

SYNAGOGUES 

15 R. Notre-Dame de Nazareth. 44 R. de la Victoire. 21 
bis R. des Tournelles. 28 R. Eutfault (Portuguese). 



l64 PLACES OF AMUSEMENT 



THEATERS 

Orand Op6ra, four times a week, all the year round 
Opera-Comiqiie. the second home of grand opera. The- 
atre Fraii^ais, highest class French-spoken here. Burned 
March 8, igoo; the troupe acts at the Odeon. Odeoii, a 
minor ThdStre Fran^ais, away from the center. Oyiniiase, 
Vaudeville, society plays; high-toned comedies. Renais- 
sance, Sarah Bernhardt's old theater; she is now at the 
Theatre !§>arah Bernhardt. Porte-Saint-HIartin, 
the home of "Cyrano de Bergerac." Ambiji'U, Chatelet, 
Oaite, blood and thunder dramas; spectacular plays; very 
large stages. Palais-Koyal, Varietes, Xouveautes, 
excellent farcical plays. Cluny, the students of Quartier i 
Latin's resort. Tlieatre de la Republique, popular 
dramas. Antoine, modern, sensational plays. ISouflfes- 
Parisiens, JVonveau-Theatre, Dejazet, Athenee, 
new operettas, vaudevilles, etc. 

CIRCUSES 

C. d'Hiver. C. d'Ete. C. Medrano. Nouveau Cirque. 

LEADING VARIETY-SHOWS AND MUSIC-HALLS 

Folies-Bergere, Olympia. Parisiana. Casino de Paris. 
La Scala. L'Eldorado. Grand Concert Parisien. La Cigale. 
La Four-mi. Le Grand Guignol. Les Treteaux de Tabarin. 
Le Petit Casino. For Children : Robert Houdin. 

BALLS 

Le Moulin-Rouge. Bal Bullier. Le Moulin-de-la-Galette. 

SUMMER MUSIC-HALLS 

La Jardin de Paris. L' Alcazar. Les Ambassadeurs. 

PANORAMAS 

La Bastille. Bataille de Patay. Jerusalem. Terra Sainte. 
Pole Nord. 

VELODROMES (cycle EXHIBITIONS) 

Piste Fleurie. Pare des Princes. Palais-Sport. 

WAX FIGURES^ ETC. 

Mus6e Gr^vin (very fine). Oiler. Nouveau Mus^e. Mus^e 
de la Porte St. Martin. 

And scores of minor attractions, such as Military Band 
Concerts in all the parks from May to September, from 4 to 5 
p. m. on Sundays, Tuesdays and Thursdays. 

At the Grand Opera, and other leading theaters, put on a 
black coat — a Prince Albert, if possible; an evening suit is 
still better. ' 

Ladies, in French theaters, never wear low-neck dresses, 
except in the Boxes at the Op^ra, Opera Comique, and Th^Stre 
Franpais. 



IV. 



THE 



American Tourists Help 

In Switzerland, Germany and Italy. 

ALL NECESSARY WORDS AND SENTENCES IN 
GERMAN AND ITALIAN 



As the majority of visitors to France give a portion of their 
time to Germany, Switzerland and Italy, the following will be 
found most practical and convenient: 



ENGLISH. 



I 

He, she , 

We 

You 

They 

Am 

Are 

Have 

We have 

Is there? (it) . . 

Is it (he) 

Please, tell me 
Have you?. . . . 
Shall we have? 

Where is? 

Let us go 

To pay 

To buy 

Send 

Go 

Go and fetch . . 

Bring 

My 

My {plural). . 
Our 



GERMAN. 



Ich 

Er, sie 

Wir 

Sie, Ihr 

Sie 

Bin 

Sind 

Habe 

Wir haben 

Giebt's?Ist's?. . . 

1st er 

Sagen Sie mir . . . 

Haben Sie? 

Werden wir 
[haben ? 

Wo ist?. 

Gehen wir fort. . 

Bezahlen 

Kaufen 

Schicken Sie .... 

Gehen Sie 

Holen Sie ...... 

Bringen Sie 

Mein 

Meine 

Unsere 

165 



ITALIAN. 



lo. 

Egli, essa or ella. 

Noi. 

Voi, ella. 

Essi, esse or elle. 

Sono. 

Siamo. 

Ho. 

Abbiamo. 

C'e? 

E? 

Ditemi, vi prego. 

Avete? 

Avremo? 

Dove e? 

Andiamo. 

Pagare. 

Comprare. 

Mandate. 

Andate. 

Andate a cercare. 

Portate. 

Mio. 

Miei. 

Nostri. 



1 66 



GERMAN AND ITALIAN PHRASES. 



ENGLISH. 



The (sing.) 



The (plural) . . . 

Please! 

Thank you, 

[thanks. 
Will it be fine 
weather? 

Bad weather .... 

Where are we? . . 

What is that 
place? 

What o'clock is it? 

The way to? .... 

How do you call 
that? 

What is the name 
of this place? 

Do you under- 
stand? 

I don't under- 
stand you 

Speak slowly if 
you please .... 

Yes 

No 

I should like to 
have . . 

I am cold 

I am hungry .... 

I am thirsty 

I am ill 

A cane (stick). . . 

An umbrella .... 

Sir 

Mrs. (madam) . . . 

Miss 

Good morning! . . 

Good evening! . . 



GERMAN. 



De-r(/;/.), Die(/.), 
Das {neuter). 

Die 

Gefalligst 

Danke 

W e r d e n w i r 
schones Wetter 
haben . 

Schlechtes Wetter 

Wo sind wir?. . . 

Was flir ein Ort 
ist dies? 

Wie viel Uhr ist es 

Der Weg nach? . 

Wie heisst das?. . 

Wie heisst dieser 

Ort? 

Verstehen Sie? , . 

Ich verstehe Sie 
nicht. 

Sprechen Sie 
langsamer. 

Ja 

Nein 

Ich mochte . . hab- 
en. 

Es friert mich . . 

Ich bin hungerig. 

Ich bin durstig . . 

Ich bin unvvohl . . 

Ein Stock 

Ein Regenschirm. 

Mein Herr 

Gnadige F r a u 
(Madame). 

Fraulein 

Guten Morgen, 
gut en Tag. 

Guten Abend. . . 



ITALIAN. 



Lo, il (mas.), 
la (fern.) 
\(masc.) \Q.(fein.) 
Prego ! 
Grazie. 

Bel tempo? 



Brutto tempo. 
Dove siamo? 
Che lugoequesto? 

Che ora e? [ce a? 
La via che condu- 
Come si chiama 

queso? 
Come si chiama 

questo luogo? 
Capite? 

lo non vi capisco. 

Parlate adagio. 



Si. 
No. 
Vorrei . . 

Ho freddo. 
Ho fame. 
Ho sete. 
Sto poco bene. 
Un bastone. 
Un ombrello. 
Signore. 
Signora. 

Signorina. 
Buon giorno! 

Buona sera! 



GERMAN AND ITALIAN PHRASES. 



lb;. 



ENGLISH. 


GERMAN, 


ITALIAN. 


I love you 

Good bye 

Farewell (adieu) . 

Pleasant journey. 


Ich liebe Sie .... 
Auf Wiedersehen 
Leben Sie wohl 

(adieu). 
Gliickliche Reise! 


Vi amo. 
A rivederci. 
Addio. 

Buon viaggio. 


llie months and 
days. 


Die Monate and 
Tage. 


/ inesi e i giorni. 


January 

February 

March 


Januar 


Gennaio. 


Februar 

Marz. 


Febbrajo. 
Marzo. 


April 

May 

June 

July....- 

August 


April 

Mai. 


Aprile. 

Maggio. 

Giugno. 

Juglio. 

Agosto. 

Settembre. 

Ottobre. 

Novembre. 

Dicembre. 

Lunedi. 

Martedi. 

Mercoledi. 

Giovedi. 

Venerdi. 


Juni 

Juli 

August 

September 

October 

November 

Dezember 

Montag 

Dienstag 

Mittwoch 

Donnerstag 

Freitag 


September 

October 

November 

December 

Monday 

Tuesday 

Wednesday 

Thursday 

Friday 

Saturday 

Sunday ' 

Week 

Next 


Samstag 

Sonntag 

Woche 

Nachsten 


Sabato. 
Domenica. 
Settimana. 
Venturo 






The Time. 


Die Zeit. 


VOra. 


Morning. 


Morgen ... . 


Mattina. 




Mittag 

Nachmittag 

Abend ......... 

Mitternacht 

Uhr 

Viertel auf 

Halb 

Drei Virtel auf . . 
Eine Minute .... 
Eine Sekunde . . . 


Mezzoffiorno. 


Afternoon 

Evening 

Midnight 

Hour 

A quarter past. . . 

Half past 

A quarter to ... . 

A minute 

A second 


11 dopo pranzo. 
La sera. 
Mezzanotte. 
Ora. 

Ora e un quarto. 
Ora e mezza. [to. 
Ora meno un quar- 
Un minuto. [do. 
Un minuto secun- 



i6S 



GERMAN AND ITALIAN PHRASES. 



ENGLISH. 



The Numbers. 

One 

Two 

Three 

Four 

Five 

Six 

Seven 

Eight 

Nine 

Ten 

Eleven 

Twelve 

Thirteen 

Fourteen 

P'ifteen 

Sixteen 

Seventeen 

Eighteen 

Nineteen 

Twenty 

Twenty-one 

Twenty-two .... 

Thirty 

Thirty -one 

Forty 

Fifty 

Sixty 

Seventy 

Eighty 

Ninety 

Hundred 

Hundred and one 
Hundred and two 

Two hnndred . . . 
Five hundred . . . 
Thousand 



GERMAN, 



Die Zahlen. 



Ein (mas.), eine 
(fern.) 

Zwei 

Drei 

Vier 

Fiinf 

Sechs 

Sieben 

Acht 

Neun 

Zehn 

Elf 

Zwolf 

Dreizehn 

Vierzehn 

Fiinf zehn 

Sechzehn 

Siebzehn ....... 

Achtzehn 

Neunzehn 

Zwanzig 

Ein und zwanzig. 
Zwei und zwanzig 

Dreissig 

Ein und Dreissig. 

Vierzig 

Fiinfzig 

Sechzig 

Siebzig 

Achtzig 

Neunzig 

Hundert 

Hundert und ein. 
Hundert und 

[zwei. 
Zwei hundert .... 
Fiinf hundert . . . 
Tausend 



ITALIAN. 



/ numeri. 



Uno (inas.), una 

if em.) 
Due. 
Tre. 
Quatre. 
Cinque. 
Sei. 
Sette. 
Otto. 
Nove. 
Dieci. 
Undici. 
Dodici. 
Tredici. 
Quattordici. 
Quindici. 
Sedici. 
Diciasette. 
Diciotto. 
Diecinove, dician- 

nove. 
Venti. 
Vent'uno. 
Venti due. 
Trenta. 
Trent'uno. 
Quaranta. 
Cinquanta. 
Sessanta. 
Settanta. 
Ottanta. 
Novanta. 
Cento. 
Cent'uno. 
Centodue. 

Duecento. 

Cinquecento. 

Mille. 



GERMAN AND ITALIAN PHRASES. 



169 



E-NGLISH. 


GERMAN. 


ITALIAN. 


The colors. 


Die Far ben. 


/ colori. 


White 

Black 

Blue 

Yellow 

Red 

Grey 

Rose 

Green 

Violet 


Weiss 

Schwarz 

Blau 

Gelb 

Roth 

Grau 

Rosa 

Griin 

Veilchenblau .... 


Bianco. 

Nero. 

Azzuro. 

Giallo. 

Rosso. 

Bigio. grigio. 

Rosa. 

Verde. 

Violetto. 


The Custom-house 


Das Zollanit. 

Nichts zu verzol- 

len. 
Keinen Tabak . . 

Kein Likor 

Keine Spitzen . . . 

Eine Kiste 

Ein Koffer 

EineHutschachtel 
Eine Reisetasche 
KleidungsstUcke . 

Leibwasche 

Das Gepack .... 
Fiir personlichen 

Gebrauch. 
Antiquitaten .... 
Gebrauchte 

[sachen 
Durchsuchen Sie. 
Der Zollbeamte. . 

Der Zolldirektor . 

Ich reclamiere . . 
Wie hoch ist der 

Einf uhrzoll ? 
Welcher Tarif ? 

Miethwagen. 
Ein Fiaker 


La dogana. 


Nothing to de- 
clare. 

No tobacco 

No spirits(liquors) 

No lace 

A box (chest) . . . 

A trunk 

A hat-box 

A travelling-bag. 

Clothes 

Linen 

The luggage .... 
For personal use . 

Old articles 

Worn articles . . . 

You may examine 
The custom-house 

officer 

The chief officer 

of customs. 

I object 

How much is the 

dutv? 
Which tariff? '^ 


Niente da dichia- 

rare. 
Non ho tabaco. 
Non ho liquori. 
Non ho merletti. 
Un baule. 
Uua valigia. [pelli 
Una scatolla de ca- 
Una valigietta. 
Abiti. 
Biancheria. 
11 bagaglio. 
Per uso personale. 

Oggetti antichi. 
Roba portata. 

Visitate. 

11 doganiere. 

11 capo doganiere. 

Reclamo. 
Quanto fa 11 

dazio? 
Quale tariff a? 


Hired carriages. 
A cab 


Vetture de Piazza 
Una vettura. 



lyo 



GERMAN AND IT^i^MAN PHRASES. 



EMGLISH. 



Coachman! 

Your number? . . . 
Drive me to . . 

street, No . . 

How much for 

the drive? 
One straight run . 
How much? .... 
The rate for an 

horn-. 

By the hour 

Show me the 

tariff. 
Drive on ! . . 
Quicker! . . 
Stop! 



The town 



The omnibus 
The tramway 

A cab 

The steamboat 
The postoffice. 
The telegraph 



A restaurant .... 
A first-class hotel. 

A second-class 
hotel. 

An inn 

A furnished house 

What building is 

this? ^ 
A coffee-house 
A beer-house 
A pastry-cook 
A physician . 
A druggist . . . 
A purgative . . 



GERMAN. 



Kutscher! ...... 

Ihre Nummer? . . 
FUhren Sie mich 

nach der .... 

strasse No . . 
Was kostet die 

Fahrt? 
Fiir eine Fahrt . . 

Wie viel? 

Was kostet eine 

Stunde. 

Per Stunde 

Zeigen Sie mir 

den Tarif . 

Gehen wir! 

Schneller! 

Halt! 

Die Stadt. 

Der omnibus .... 
Die Pferdebahn 
Fine Droschke . . 
Das Dampfschiff 

Die Post 

Das Telegraphen- 

amt. 
Eine Restauration 
Fin Hotel ersten 

Ranges. 
Ein Gasthof zwei- 

ten Ranges. 
Ein Wirtshaus . . . 
Ein moblirtes 

[Haus. 
Welches Gebaude 

ist dies. 
Ein Kaffeehaus. . 
Ein Bierhaus .... 
Ein Kuchenbaker 

Ein Artz 

Ein Apotheker . . 
Ein Laxirmittei . . 



ITALIAN. 



Cocchiere! 
II vostro numero! 
Conducete mi Via 
. . . No . . 

Quanto si paga 
per una corsa? 

Alia corsa. 

Quanto fa? 

Quant'e il prezzo 
air ora? 

Air ora. 

Mostratemi la ta- 
riff a. 

An alamo! 

Presto! 

Fermate ! 



La citta. 



L'omnibus. 
II tramway. 
Una carozza. 
II battello a vapo- 
La posta. [re. 

II telegrafo. 

La trattoria. 

La prima locanda 

Un albergo di se- 
condo ordine. 

Un albergo. 

Una stanzo am- 
mobligliata. 

Cos'e questo edi- 
ficio. 

Un caffe. 

Una birreria. 

Un pasticciere. 

Un medico. 

Un farmacista. 

Un purgante. 



GERMAN AND ITALIAN PHRASES. 



171 



ENGLISH. 


GERMAN. 


ITALIAN. 


A vomitive 


Ein Brechmittel . 


Un vomitivo. 


A blister 


Ein Zugpflaster . . 


Un vesicante. 


A mustard-plaster 


Ein Senfpflaster. 


Un senapismo. 


A poultice 


Ein Breiumschlag 


LTn catapla^ma. 


A cordial 


Eine Hefzstar- 

kung. 


Un cordiale. 


A febri{age 


Ein Fiebermittel. 


Un febbrifugo. 


Camphorated al- 


Kamphergeist . . . 


Spirito canforato. 


cohol. 






Mint alcohol .... 


Pfeffermiinzgeist. 


Alcool di menta. 


Arnica tincture. . 


ArnikatinktUr . . . 


Tintura d'arnica. 


Ic^dine tincture . . 


Jodtinktur 


Tintura d'iodio. 


Porchloride of 


Eisenperchlorat. . 


Percloruro d i 


iron. 




ferro. 


Diachylon 


Pflaster 


Diachilone. 


Court plaster .... 


Englisches Pflas-. 


Taffeta d'lnghil- 




ter. 


terra. 


Lint 


Charpie 

Watte 


Fillaccia. 


Wadding 


Bambagia ovatta. 


Some bands 


Binden 


Bende. 


Have that pres- 


Lassen Sie den A- 


Fate fare questa 


cription made 


potheker dieses 


ricetta dal far- 


by the druggist. 


Recept machen 


macista. 


A demist 


Ein Zahnartz .... 


Un dentista. 


A hair dresser . . . 


Ein Friseur 


Un paruchiere. 


A chiiopodist. . . 


Ein Hiihneraugen 
Operateur .... 


Un callista. 


A batb 


Ein pjad 

Ein Buch-handler 


Un bagno. 


A bookseller. . . . 


Un librajo. 


A }nap of the 


Eine Landkarte . . 


Una carta del pa- 


couatry. 




ese. 


A pencil 


Ein Bleistif t 


Una matita. 


A newsdealer . . . 


Ein Zeitungsver- 


Un venditore di 




kaufer. 


giornali. 


A tobacco store . 


Ein Tabaksladen. 


Un tabaccajo. 


The police-station 


Die Polizei .... 


L'ufBcio di ques- 
tura. 


The American 


Der Amerikani- 


11 console ameri- 


[consul. 


sche Consul, 


cano. [bio. 


A money-changer 


Ein Geldwechsler 


Un agente di cam- 


A grocer 


Ein Kramer ..... 


Un droghiere. 


A batcher 


Ein Metzger .... 


Un macellaio. 



172 



GERMAN AND ITALIAN PHRASES. 



ENGLISH. 


GERMAN. 


ITALIAN. 


A pork-butcher 


. Ein Wursthandler 


Un pizzicagnolo. 


Some sandwich 


2S Schinkenbrodchen. 


Dei sandwich. 


A provision deal 


er Ein Esswaren- 


Un venditore di 




handler. 


comestibuli. 


A wine merchai 


Qt Ein Weinhandler 


Un venditori di 


A tailor 


. Ein Schneider. . . 


Un sarto. [vini. 


A hatter 


. Ein Hutmacher . 


Un cappellajo. 


A shoemaker . . 


. Ein Schumacher. 


Un calzolajo. 


Measure me . . 


. Nehmen Sir mir 


Prendete la misu- 




Mass. 


ra. 


A photographe 


r. Ein Photograph. 


Un fotographo. 


The hospital . . 


. Das Krankenhaus 


Lo spedale. 


A cab stand . . . 


. EineDroshkensta- 


Una stazione di 


[tio 


1. tion. [tion. 


carozze [omnibus 


An omnibus st 


a- Eine Omnibussta- 


Una stazione del 


A tramway st 


a- Eine Pferdebahn- 


Una stazione di 


tion. 


station. 


tramway. 


Drive me 


. Fiihren Sie mich 


Conducetemi. 


Straight 


. Geradeaus 


Dirittamente. 


On the left . . . 


. Links 


A sinistra. 


On the right . . 


. Rechts 


A destra. 


The shortest we 


ly Der kiirzeste Weg 


La via la piu 


to? 




corta. 


For going to . . 


. Um nach . . zu ge- 
hen. 


Per andare a . . 


Yonder? 


. Dort 


Laggiu. 


The bank? . . . 


. Die Bank 


La banca. 


The public garde 


in Der offentliche 


La passegiata pu- 




Garten. 


blica. 


The museum . . 


. Das Museum .... 


11 museo. 


The cathedral . 


. Der Dom 


La cattedrale. 


The Church of 


. Die (name) kirche 


La chiesa. . 


The castle .... 


. Das Schlos 


11 castello. 


The market . . . 


Der Markt 


11 mercato. 


The town-hall. 


. Das Rathaus .... 


11 municipio. 


The fortress. . . 


. Die Festung. . . . 


11 forte (citadella) 


The barracks . . 


. Die Kaserne? . . . 


La caserna. 


The convent . . 


. Das Kloster 


11 monastero. 


The . . place . . . 


. Der (name) platz 


La piazza. . 


The . . gate .... 


. Das (name) thor 


La porta di . . 


The . . quay . . . 


. Das (name) Kai 


La riva . . 


. . Street 


. (name) strassse . . 


La Via . . 



GERMAN AND ITALIAN PHRASES. 



173 



ENGLISH. 


GERMAN. 


ITALIAN. 


Number 


Nummer 


Numero . . 


Boulevard 


(;zfl';;/^)Ringstrasse 


Corso or Viale. 


Suburb 


do Vorstadt . 


Sobborgo . . 


Quarter . 

Passage 


do Viertel . . . 
Durchgang 


Quartiere . . 
Galleria . . 


Blind alley 

House . . No 


Sackgasse 

Haus. .Nummer.. 


Angiporto . . 
Casa . . Numero . . 


On what floor? . . 
The door-keeper. 
Stock Exchange. 


Welcher Stock?. 

Portier 

Die Borse 


Quale piano? 
11 portinajo. 
La Borsa. 


The bridge 


Die Briicke .... 


11 ponte. 


The harbour .... 


Der Haf en 


11 porto. 


The theatre 


Das Theater .... 


11 teatro. 


A seat 


Ein Platz 

Ein Sperrsitz im 
Parterre. 


Un posto. 
Una poltrona. 


A stall 




A box 


Eine Loge 

Ein Operngucker 


Un palco. 

Un cannocchiale. 


An opera-glass . . 


The circus 


Der Zirkus 


11 circo. 


The music hall . . 


Das Kaffee-Kon- 
zert. 


11 caffe-concerto. 


The ball-room . . 


Der Ball 


11 ballo. 


Where is there any 


Wo giebts Musik 


Dove suona lamu- 


music to-night? 


heute Abend? 


sica ques'oggi? 


Where is there 


Wo kann man sich 


Dove c'e da diver- 


any amusement 


diesen Abend 


tirsi stasera? 


to-night? 


gut unterhalten 




The Hotel. 


Der Gasthof. 
Ein Zimmer 


L' A lb ergo. 


A room 


Una camera. 


A room with two 


Ein Zimmer mit 


Camera con due 


beds. 


zwei Betten. 


letti. 


On the front .... 


Vorn heraus .... 


Verso la facciata. 


On the yard 


Auf dem Hof 
hinaus. 


Sul cortile. 


On the first floor. 


Im ersten Stock . 


Al primo piano. 


On the 2d floor. . 


Im zweiten Stock 


Al secondo piano. 


Upstairs 


Oben 


In alto. 


With a balcony . . 
How much is it, 


Mit einem Balkon 
Wie viel? mit Be- 


Col poggiuolo. 
Quanto? con il 




dienung? 


servizio? 


eluded? ' 







1/4 



GERMAN AND ITALIAN PHRASES. 



ENGLISH. 



Light the fire. . . . 

To eat here 

Breakfast 

Coffee 

INIilk; cold — ; 

warm — . 
Coffee with milk 

Chocolate 

Butter 

Tea 

Eggs 

Dinner 

Supper 

Fixed price 

On the bill of 

fare. 

A light 

Change these 

sheets. 
A decanter of 

water. 
Some sugar .... 
Some hot water . . 

A towel 

A napkin 

Some soap. ..... 

A comb 

A foot-bath ..... 
A boot-jack .... 
A button-hook. . 

The water-closets 
To clear the boots 
To sew on a but- 
ton. 

To mend 

To wash 

To clean 

To brush the 

clothes. 
Awake me at ... . 
Mallow tea. .... 



GERMAN. 



Machen Sie Feuer 

Hier essen 

Friihstiick 

Schwarzen Kaffee 
Milch; Kalte — ; 

heisse — . 
Kaffee mit Milch 

Schokolade 

Butter 

Thee 

Eier 

Mittagessen 

Abendessen ..... 
Feste Preise .... 
Nach der Speise- 

karte. 

Ein Licht 

Wechseln S i e 

diese Bettiicher 
Eine Flasche 
Trinkwasser. 

Zucker 

Heisses Wasser . . 
Ein Handtuch . . 
Eine Sexwiette . . . 

Seife 

Ein Kamm 

Ein Fussbad .... 
Ein Stiefelknecht 
Ein Stief elknopfer 

Der Abtritt 

Stiefelputzen .... 

Einen Knopf an- 

nahen. [sern. 

Flicken; ausbes- 

Waschen 

Reinigen ....... 

Kleider biirsten . . 

[um . . 

Wecken Sie mich 

Malventhee ..... 



ITALIAN. 



Accendete il f uoco 

Mangiare qui. 

La colazione. 

Caffe. 

Latte; — fredo; 

— caldo. 
Caffe e lette. 
Cioccolata. 
Burro. 
Te. 
Uova. 
Pranzo. 
Cena. 

Prezzo fisso. 
Alia carta. 

Un lume. 
Cambiate queste 

lenzuole. 
Una bottiglia 

d'acqua. 
Zucchero. 
Dell' aaua calda. 
Un asciugamano. 
Un tovagliolo. 
Del sapone. 
Un pettine. 
Un bagno di piedi 
Un cava-stivali. 
Un' uncinetto per 

abbotonare. 
La ritirata. 
Pulire gli stivali. 
Cucire un bottone 

Racccomodare. 
Lavare. 
Pulire. 
Spazzolare gli 

abid. 
Destarmi, . 
Malva. 



GERMAN AND ITALIAN PHRASES. 



i:^5 



ENGLISH. 


GERMAN. 


ITALIAN. 


Lime tea 

Camo.aiile tea . . . 

Rub me 

Very hard 

With a hot towel 

Warm the bed . . 

Another blanket . 

Another pillow . . 
x\n eider-down 

coverlet. 
I wish to perspire 
The bill ........ 


Lindenthee 

Kamillenthee . . . 
Reiben Sie mich 

Sehr stark 

Mit heinem heis- 

sen Handtuch. 
Warmen Sie das 

Bett. 
Noch eine wol- 

lene Decke [sen. 
Noch einKopfkis- 
Eine Federdecke. 
[zen. 
Ich mochte schwit- 
Die Rechnung . . 


Tiglio. 
Camomilla 
Frizionatemi. 
Fortemente. 
Con un asciuga- 

mano caldo. 
Scaldate il letto. 

Ancora una coper- 
tadi lana[ciale. 

Ancora un guan- 

Un coltrone di 
piuma. 

Voglio sudare . . . 

11 conto. 


Post. 


Die Post. 


La Post. 


What's the post- 
age? 

A stamp for .... 

A money-order of 
..for.. 

To receive a riion- 
ey order. 

Here are my iden- 
tity papers. 

General delivery 

A telegram 

When is the last 

collection for . ? 
W^hen does mail 

arrive from . . ? 
The parcel office 

The mail office . . 

When does the 
mail coach start 
for..? 

I secure, .seats. . 


Wie viel die Fran- 

kierung? 
Eine Brief marke. 
Eine Postanwei- 

sung von..fUr . . 
Ein Anweisung 

erhalten. 
Das sind meine 

Papiere. 
Post restante or 

Postlagernd. 
Ein Telegramm . 
Wann ist die lezte 

Leerung fur . . ? 
Wann kommt die 

Post von . . an ? 
Das Postpacket- 

bureau. [reau. 
Das Fahrpostbu- 

Wann farht die 
Postkutsche 
nach . . ? 

Ich lose . . Platze 


Quanto di porto? 

Un franco-bollo. 
Unvaglia di . . 

per . . 
Riscuotere un va- 

glia. 
Ecco le mie carte. 

Fermo in posta. 

Un telegram ma. 
Quando I'ultima 

levata per . . ? 
Quando arriva il 

corriere di . . . ? 
L'uffizio di pac- 

chi postali. 
L'uffizio delle di- 

ligenze. 
Quando parte la 

diligenza per . . 

Ritengo. .posti. 



176 



GERMAN AND ITALIAN PHRASES. 



^ ENGLISH. 


GERMAN. 


ITALIAN. 


I want to secure 


Ich lose einen 


Ritengo un posto 


a front com- 


Coupgplatz. 


di coup6. 


partment seat. 






At what o'clock 


Um wie viel Uhr 


Quando si arriva 


do we arrive at 

. .? 


kommen wir in 
. .an? 


a..? 


In a Cafe. 


hn Wirtschaff. 
Kellner! 


A I caffi. 


Waiter! 


Cameriere! [rum. 


A glass of rum. . 


Ein Glas Rum. . 


Un bicchierino di 


A glass of cognac 


Ein Glas Cognac. 


Un bicchierino di 
cognac, [ponce. 


A glass of punch 


Ein Glas Punsch. 


Un bicchierino di 


Some absinthe . . 


Ein Absinth 


Dell'assenzio. 


Some vermouth . . 


Ein Vermuth .... 


Un vermut. 


An ice 


Ein Eis (Gefrore- 
nes) . 


Gelato (sorbetto). 




Some lemonade. . 


Limonade 


Una limonata. 


Some hot wine . . 


GlUhwein 


Del vino caldo. 


Matches 


Ziindholzchen . . . 


Zolfanelli. 


A light, please . . 


Feuer, gefalligst. 


Fuoco, di grazia. 


Cip'ars 


Cigarren 

Eine Zeitung .... 


Dei sigari. 
Un giornale.. 


A newspaper . . . 


An illustrated pa- 


Eine illustrirte 


Un giornale illus- 


per. 


Zeitung [tung. 


trato. [citta. 


A local newspaper 


Eine hiesige Zei- 


Un giornale della 


A Directory .... 


Ein Adressbuch. . 


Un libra di indi- 
rizzi. 


A railway time- 


Ein Fahrplan . . . 


Un orario delle 


table. 




ferrovie. 


Letters. 


Brieffen. 


Lettere. 


Writing - materials 


Schreibzeug .... 


Da scrivere. 


Some letter-paper 


Briefpapier ..... 


Carta da lettere. 


Some ink 


Tinte 


Inchiostro. 


A pen 


Eine Feder 


Una penna. 


Some wax 


Siegellack 


La ceralacca. 


An envelope .... 


Brief umschlag . . . 


Una busta. 


A postage stamp . 


Eine Brief marke. 


Un franco-bollo. 


A letter-box 


Ein Brief kasten . 


Una butta delle 
lettere. 



GERMAN AND ITALIAN PHRASES. 



177 



ENGLISH. 


GERMAN. 


ITALIAN. 


The restaurant. 


Restauration. 


La trattoria. 


Give me some- 


Geben Sie niir et- 


Datemi da man- 


thing to eat. 


was zu essen. 


giare. 


The bill of fare . 


Die Speisekarte . 


La lista. 


I am in a hurry . . 


Ich habe Eile . , . 


Ho fretta. 


Breakfast 


Friihstiick 


La colazione. 


Dinner 


Mittagessen 


Pranzo. 


How much? .... 


Wie viel? 


Quanto. [ata. 


A separate table . 


Tisch a part .... 


Una tavola separ- 


A private room . . 


Zimmer a part . . . 


Cabinetto partico- 


Spoon 


Loffel 


Un cucchiajo [lare 


Fork 


Gabel 


Forchetta. 


Knife 


Messer 


Coltello. 


Napkin 


Serviette 


Tavagliolo; servi- 


A glass 


Glas 


Bicchiere. [etta. 


A bottle 


Flasche 


Bottiglia. 


A half -bottle 


Halbe Flasche . . 


Una mezza botti- 


Some water 


Wasser 


Acqua. [glia. 


Soda water 


Sodawasser 


Acqua gazosa. 


Mineral water . . . 


Mineralwasser . . . 


Deir acqua mine- 
rale. 


Claret wine 


Bordeauxwein . . . 


Vino di Bordeaux 


Burgundy wine . . 


Burgunderwein . . 


Vino di Borgogna 


White wine 


WeisserWein .... 


Vino Bianco. 


Red wine 


Rother Wein .... 


Vino rosso. 


Good country 


Guter Landwein. 


Vino buono del 


wme. 




paese. 


Old wine 


Alter Wein 


Vino vecchio. 


The list of wines 


Die Weinkarte . . 


11 listino dei vini. 


Beer 


Bier 


Delia birra. 


Quite fresh 


Sehr f risch 


Ben fresco. 


Warm 


Warm, heiss .... 


Caldo. 


A little 


Ein wenig 


Un poco. 


Much . . . : 


Viel 


Molto. 


Enough 


Genug 


Basta. 


Oysters 


Austern 


Ostriche. 


Lemon 


Citrone 


Un limone. 


Cayenne pepper. 


Paprika 


Pepedi Caienna. 


Soup 


Suppe 

Bouillon 


Zuppe. 
Brodo. 


Broth 


Salt 


Sai3 


Sale. 



178 



GERMAN AND ITALIAN PHRASES. 



ENGLISH. 



Pepper 

Side-dishes 

Sausage 

Sardines 

Some butter .... 

Some bread 

Some meat .... 

Fat 

Lean (dry) 

Underdone 

Cooked 

Well done 

A chop . 

A beefsteak 

A leg of mutton 
Roasted meat. . . 

Some veal 

Some beef 

Some mutton . . 

Some pork 

Some ham 

Some fowl 

Some chicken . . . 

Pigeon 

Duck 

Goose 

Quail 

Wood -cock 

Partridge 

Thrush 

Some game . . . . 
Some rabbit .... 
Some vegetables . 

Cabbage 

Cauliflower 

Sautees potatoes. 

Fried potatoes . . 

Peas 



GERMAN, 



Pfeffer 

Vorspeise (Vores- 
sen). 

Wurst 

Sardinen 

Butter 

Brod 

Fleisch 

Fett 

Mager 

Blutend 

Gekocht 

Genug gebraten . 

EineKotelett . . . . 

Ein Beefsteak . . 

Hammelkeule . . . 

Braten 

Kalbfleisch 

Rindfleisch 

Hammelfleisch . . 

Schweinefleisch . . 

Schinken 

Gefliigel 

HuHn 

Taube 

Ente 

Gans 

Wachtel 

Waldschnepfe . . . 

Rebhuhn 

Drossel; Kram- 
metsvogel. 

Wildpret 

Kaninchen 

Gemlise 

Kohl 

Blumenkohl . . . . 

In Butter geros- 
tete Kartoffeln, 

Gebackene Kar- 
toffeln. 

Erbsen 



ITALIAN. 



Pepe. 

Contorni antipas- 

to. 
Salame. 
Sardine. 
Burro. 
Pane. 
Carne. 
Grasso. 
Magro. 
Sanguinante. 
Cotto. 
Ben cotto. 
Una costoletta. 
Bistecca [castrato. 
Un cosciotto di 
L'arrosto. 
Del vitello. 
Del manzo. 
Del castrato. 
Del porco o-/ mai- 
Prosciutto. [ale. 
Pollame. 
Polio. 
Piccione. 
Anitra. 
Oca. 
Quaglia. 
Beccaccia. 
Pernice. 
Tordo. 

Delia cacciagione 

Coniglio. 

Legumi'. 

Cavoli. 

Broccoli. 

Patate arrostite. 

Patate fritte- 

Piselli. 



GERMAN AND ITALIAN PHRASES. 



179 



ENGLISH. 


GERMAN. 


ITALIAN. 


Beans 


Bohnen 


Fagiuoli. 


Asparagus 

Sorrel 


Spargel ....'.... 
Sauerampfer .... 


Asparagi. 
Acetosa. 


Spinage 

Boiled eggs 


Spinat ' 

Weiche Eier .... 


Spinaci. 
Deir uova. 


Fried eggs. 


Setzeier; Spiegel- 
eier. 


Uova al tegame. 


Hard boiled eggs 


Harte Eier 


Uova sode. 


An omelet 


Eierkuchen 


Una frittata. 


— with herbs 


— mit Grlinzeug 


— alle fine erbe. 


• — with ham 


— mit Schinken 


— al prosciutto. 


— with rum 


— Rum 


— al rum. 


Fish 


Fisch 


Pesce. 


Mussels 


Miesmuschel .... 


Datteri di mare. 


Pike 


Hecht 


Luccio. 


Carp 

Tench 


Karpfen 

Schleihe 


Carpione. 
Tinea. 


Eel 


Aal 


Anguilla. 


Crawfishes 


Krebse 


Gamberi. 


Salmon 


Lachs 


Del salmone. 


Trout 


Forelle 


Trota. 


A fresh herring. . 


Ein fnscher Har- 


Aringa. 


A red herring . . 


ing. 
Pokelharing 


Aringa affumicata 


A mackerel .... 


Makrele . 


Scombro. 


A sole 


Scholle 


Sogliola. 


A pie 

Salad 


Eine Pastete .... 
Salat 


Un pasticcio. 
Deir insalata. 


Cresses 


Brunnenkresfse . . 
Lattich, mit Eiern 


Crescione. [uova. 
Delia lattugo, con 


Lettuce, with eggs 


Endive salad .... 


Cichorien-Salat . . 


Cicoria (insalata). 


Oil 


Oel 


Olio. 


Vinegar 


Weinessig 


Aceto. 


Mustard 

Pastry 


Senf 

Zuckerbackerei . . 


Senapa. 

Delia pasticceria. 


Jam f r Preserve . 


Eingemachtes . . . 


Confetture or 


Dessert 


Nachtisch 


Frutta, [composta. 


Stewed fruit 


Kompott 


Composta or con- 
serva di frutta. 


Cream 


Milchrahm 


Crema. 


Tart 


Torte 


Torta. 


To drink 


Zu Trinken .... 


Da bevere. 



i8o 



GERMAN AND ITALIAN PHRASES. 



ENGLISH. 



Some cheese .... 

A biscuit 

An orange 

A peach 

Grapes 

Fruits 

An apple 

A pear 

A cup 

Some tea 

Some coffee .... 
Some sugar .... 

Spirits 

The bill 

There is a mistake 

Here is your tip 



The Banker. 



GERMAN. 



The rate of ex- 
change. 
Here is gold .... 
Bank-notes 

A check 

A letter of credit 
A bill of exchange 

The Washer- 
woman. 



Here is my dirty 
linen. 

When will you 
bring it back? 

I want it immedi- 
ately. 

Raihvay station. 



Where is the rail- 
way station? 



Kase 

Zwieback 

Eine Apf elsine . . 
Eine Pfirsch .... 
Weintraube .... 

Obst .... 

Ein Apf el 

Eine Birne 

Eine Tasse 

Thee 

Kaffee 

Zucker '. . 

Likor 

Die Rechnung . . 

Es ist ein Irrthum 

darin. [geld. 

Hier ist dasTrink- 

Der Bankier. 
Wechselkurs .... 

Hier ist Gold . . 
Papiergeld ; Bank- 
noten. [Cheque. 
Anweisung or 
Credit brief . . . . 
Ein Wechsel .... 



ITALIAN. 



Die Wascherin. 



Hier ist mein 

schmutzige 

Wasche. 
Wan werden Sie 

sie wieder- 

bringen? 
Ich brauche sie 

gleich fort. 



Der Bahnhof. 



Wo ist der Bahn- 
hof? 



Del formaggio. 

Un biscotto. 

Un' arancia. 

Una pesca. 

Deir uva. 

Delle frutta. 

Porno (mela). 

Pera. [chera). 

Una tazza (chic- 

Te. • 

Caffe. 

Zucchero. 

Liquori. 

II conto. 

C'e un errore. 

Ecco la mancia. 



// banchiere. 



II corso del cam- 

bia. 
Ecco deir oro. 
Biglietti di banca. 
[sa. 
Uu cedole di cao- 
Lettera di credito 
Lettera di cambio 



La lavandaja. 



Ecco la mia bian- 
cheria sporca. 

Quando me la 
renderete. 

Ho fretta di aver- 
la. 

La stazione. 



Dov'e la stazione 
della ferrovia? 



GERMAN AND ITALIAN PHRASES. 



I8l 



ENGLISH. 



A first-class ticket 
for.. 

A second-class 
ticket for . . 

A third-class tick- 
et for . . 
One trip ticket . . 
Return ticket .... 

How much 

Express 

Slow train 

Luggage 

Book this for .... 

The cloakroom , . 

A porter 

The station-mas- 
ter, [ment. 
Smoking compart- 
Where is the la- 
dies' compart- 
ment? 
Is smoking al- 
lowed here? 
Buffet 

Do we have to 
change cars? 

Where? 

How long do we 
stop? 



The Steamboat. 



Is there a steam- 
boat for . . ? 
At what o'clock? 

At what o'clock 
is the arrival? 



GERMAN. 



Ein Billet erster 
Klasse nach . . 

Ein Billet zweiter 
Klasse nach . . 

Ein Billet dritter 

Klasse nach . . 

Hinfahrt 

Hin- und Ruck- 

fahrt. 

Wie viel? 

Schnellzug 

Personenzug .... 

Gepack 

Geben Sie das auf 

fiir. . 
Gepack-Bureau . . 
Ein Paktrager. . . 
Der Stationsvor- 

stand. 
Fiir Rancher .... 
Wo is dasDamen- 

coupe? 

Darf man hier 

rauchen? 
Buffet; Restaura- 

tion. 
MUssen wir um- 

steigen? 

Wo? 

Wie lange hall%n 

wir an? 

Das Dampfschiff. 

Fahrt ein Dampf- 
schiff nach . . ? 

Um wie viel Uhr 
di Abfahrt? 

Um wie viel Uhr 
die Ankunft? 



ITALtAN. 



Un biglietto di 

primo classe 

per. . 
Un biglietto di 

secundo classe 

per . . 
Un biglietto di ter- 

za classe per. . 
Andata. 
Andata e ritorno. 

Quanto costa? 
Diretto. 

Treno omnibus. 
Bagaglio. 
Consegna questo 

per. . 
Registrale. 
Fattorino. 
II capo stazione. 

Per fumatori. 
Dov'e il cornpar- 

timento per le 

signore. 
Si puo fumare? 

Buffetto. 

Si cambia treno? 

Dove? 

Quanto di ferma- 
ta? 

// vapor e. 



C^e un vapore 
per . . ? 

Quando e la par- 
tenza? 

Quando e 1' arri- 
ve? 



1 82 



GERMAN AND ITALIAN PHRASES. 



ENGLISH. 


GERMAN, 


ITALIAN. 


First cabin 

Second cabin .... 
Serve in the cabin 


Erster Platz 

Zweiter Platz . . . 
In der Kajiite be- 
dienen. 


Primi posti. 
Secondi posti. 
Servite nella ca- 
bina. 


On foot. 


Zti fuss. 


A piedi. 


Plain. Valley. 

Mountain. 
Where is the way 

to..? 
Where does this 

road lead? 
How long does it 

take to walk to 

. . . . ? 

Poir t out to me a 

short cut to go 

to.. 
Are the roads 

good? 
Must I turn to the 

right? 
Must I turn to the 

left? 
Must I go straight 

on? 
Give me a guide. 

Come and show 
me the way; I 
am going to . . 


Ebene. Thai. 

Berg. 
Wo ist der Weg 

nach . . ? 
Wohin fiihrt die- 

ser Weg? 
Wie viel Zeit 

braucht man um 

zu Fuss nach . . 

zu gehen? 
Zeigen sie mir 

einen kiirzeren 

Weg nach . . 
Sin die Wege 

gut?_ 
Muss ich rechts 

gehen? 
Links gehen? . . . 

Geradaus gehen? 

Geben Ste mir 
einen Fiihrer. . 

Kommen Sie mit 
mir, um n^.r den 
Weg zu zeigen; 
ich gehe nach. . 


Pianura, Valle. 

Monte. 
Dov'e la strada 

per . . ? 
Dove conduce 

questa strada? 
Quando tempo 

occorre per an- 

dare da qui a . . 

. . ? 
Indicatemi una 

scorciatoiaper.. 

Le strade sono 

buone ? 
Si va a destra? 

A sinistra? 

Diritto? 

Datemi una guida 

Venite con me per 
indicarmi la 
strada; vado a.. 



v.— TELEGRAPH AND CABLE CCD^ 

Tourists will find it a great convenience to be 
i.nle to telegraph to their friends at home, or trav- 
eling like themselves but by a different route, 
without any one knowing their business, at a great 
saving over ordinar}^ rates, and without the danger 
of misunderstandings through the fault of the 
operator. 

Such are the advantages of using a code. Of 
CGMX^Q each of the persons interested nmst have 
a copy of the code on his body (not in a trunk or 
satchel, that may get lost). 

The code printed here is as complete as it can 
be made for general use. Additional words to 
convey special messages adapted to personal cir- 
cumstances can be added on the blank pages in 
the back part of this guide. In choosing additional 
ciphers remember that 

1. No cipher-word should contain more than ten 
letters. 

2. The words must be enough different from the 
others to exclude any possibility of confusion 
through faulty transmission. 

3. The words must be of such a character that 
they cannot be taken for anything but a cipher. 

Each word in small-cap. type represents the sen- 
tence printed opposite. 

The blanks in the sentences are filled out by 
proper names, dates, etc. 

Securing Passage. 

Abstruse . ...What is the fare for passage to -? 

Adamant Please send list of sailings for 



Affinity Please secure accommodation on 

steamship for self and wife. 

Agnostic ....Please secure accommodation on 
Line for self, wife and family. 

183 



l84 TELEGRAPH AND CABLE CODE 

Alembic Secure stateroom on the and 

advise number. 

Amnesty My passage is not engaged. 

Antelope ....Inside berths preferred. 
Antimony... .Outside berths preferred. 

Aquatic Adjoining rooms preferred. 

Arterial As near amidships as possible. 

Athletic ....Your passage is secured. 

Auditor We have secured the rooms by steamer 

saihng 

Autocrat.... Cannot secure the desired berth. 
Avarice We cannot secure rooms by that 

steamer. 

Departure. 

Bachelor On what date do you leave? 

Balcony I (we) sail to-day. 

Balloon I (we) sail Monday'. 

Baluster I (we) sail Wednesday. 

Bandit I (we) sail per on . 

Barbecue is better, and we expect to leave 

here on the . 

Baritone Cannot sail (or leave) to-day. 

Barnacle. ...Cannot sail (or leave) to-morrow. 

Basilisk Cannot sail (or leave) till Monday. 

Bastile Cannot sail (or leave) till Friday. 

Bedizen Will not be ready to leave until . 

Benefice Departure delayed on account of . 

Benzine Urgent business prevents my leaving 

by . 

Betrayal.... I (we) think it best to postpone de- 
parture. 
Beverage. ..Do not delay your departure. . 
Biology.... .1 (we) think it best to postpone 

departure until ; if no further 

advice, shall sail on that date per 

steamship . 

Bismuth We are detained here by illness, and 

cannot say when we shall be able 

to leave. 
BiTUMEX Cannot sail by ; will come next 

steamer. 
Bivouac...... Departure postponed; will wire you 

date I leave. 



TELEGRAPH AND CABLE CODE 185 

Letters and Telegrams. 

Blockade.... Any mail for me or my party? 

Blowpipe Any telegrams or cables for me? 

Bobolink ....Have you any letters for me? If so, 

please forward to . 

Bombast Have you a registered letter on 

hand? 

Boniface Have no registered letter for you. 

Botany Have the following mail matter on 

hand for . 

Brigadier. ...Have important letters for you. 

Brocade Have nothing on hand for you. 

Buffoon We have telegram for you; shall we 

forward. 
Cactus We have inquired at post office; no 

letters there. 
Cadet Please send letters to this place till 

otherwise directed. 

Caitiff Please send letters to until . 

Caldron Please send letters to this place till 

the . 

Calomel In consequence of the illness of 

we are detained here for the pres- 
ent; please send our letters here 

accordingly. 
Campaign If you wish to communicate with 

me by telegraph, do so at 

before . 

Cannibal Forward no more mail here after 

Canticle Please hold my letters till further 

advice. 
Capricorn... .Have you forwarded mail matter 

' according to instructions? 

Cardinal ....Have forwarded your mail matter as 

desired. 

Category.... Mail matter was sent to . 

Cavalier ,Have not forwarded mail matter. 

Cayenne Mail matter duly received. 

Centurion... Mail matter not received. 
Cerement.... Telegram received ; have done as 

requested. 
Chalice. .....Don't understand instructions; please 

repeat. 



l86 TELEGRAPH AND CABLE CODE 

Chancery Please advise by letter. 

Charade Please advise by telegraph. 

Cherubim ....Please make inquiries at the post 
office. 

Hotel Accommodation. 

Daffodil ....Can you accommodate a party of . 

Darksome, ...Please reserve rooms for self and 

friends to-night. 
Decimate Can you accommodate self, wife and 

maid? 
Denizen Please reserve rooms for self and 

friend to-morrow. 
Deponent Please reserve good room; shall be 

in to-night. 
Dewdrop Please reserve good room; shall be in 

to-morrow. 
Diadem Please reserve rooms for me at the 

hotel. 

Diagnose Reserve my rooms; shall be with you 

on . 

Didactic We can accommodate your party. 

Digital Unable to accommodate your party; 

house full. 

Diocese We have reserved rooms. 

Diploma Rooms reserved for you at hotel 

named in letter. 

Express, Storage, etc. 

Eclipse Forward goods to care of . 

Effigy Forward goods so as to reach here 

by . 

Emissary Please pay all charges and debit me. 

Endemic Have forwarded your goods to . 

Exodus Goods detained at customs. 

Remittances. 

Festoon Are you in need of money? 

Flotilla Money almost exhausted. 

Fossil... If you do not remit shall be in trouble. 

Fragile Remit immediately by telegraph. 

Fulcrum Impossible to remit before , 



TELEGRAPH AND CABLE CODE 187 

Return, 

Galaxy Is it necessary for us to return at 

once? 

Gallop Telegraph if it is necessary I should 

return. 

Galvanic ....If agreeable, will remain another 
week. 

Garland Return by first steamer. 

Gazelle Return at once. 

Gelatine Return as soon as possible. 

Geology Advise you to hurry home. 

Geranium.... Return at once; important matters 
require your presence here. 

Gewgaw You must be here by the . 

Grenade is dangerously ill, and the doctors 

think you should return at once. 

Hectic No necessity for you to return yet. 

Hemlock You need not return till . 

Hydrant. ..,. No need to hasten home; everything 
going on well. 

Hyphen Nothing here requiring your return. 

Icicle Please prepay my passage, and tele- 
graph me name of steamer. 

Jasmine, Have prepaid your passage as re- 
quested. 

Jubilee... I have prepaid your passage per . 

Miscellaneous. 

Kolokol I am (we are) urged to prolong my 

stay here weeks. I shall 

assume that you consent until I 
receive your answer by telegraph 
or letter. 

Kurdistan. .The weather has been so unfavorable 
that we (I) have not been able to 
carry out our plans, and we shall 
stay here. Letter follows. 

Labadism Have met with painful accident. 

Please hurry to my aid here at the 
hotel (or hospital). 

LACHESis,....Your friend lies very ill at this 

point, hotel or hospital. He 

(she) speaks of you. Please tele- 
graph what you wish done. 



GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES 

Only names that are spelled differently in the two languages are 
given in this list. 



Abruz'zi (the), s. les Abruzzes. 
Abyssin'ia, s. I'Abyssinie, f. 
Abyssinian, s. Abyssinien, 

enne. 
Aca'dia, s. Acadie, f. [tique. 
Adriat'ic, s. (la mer) Adiia- 
Af riea, s. I'Afrique, f. 
African, s. et a. Africain, e. 
Ag'incourt, s. Azincourt, m. 
Alba, s. Albe, f. 
Alba'nia, s. I'Albanie, f. 
Albanese', a. et s. Albanais, e. 
Albigen'ses, s. pi. (les) Albi- 

geois. 
Al'derney, s. Aurigny, m. 
Alep'po, s. Alep, m. 
Alu'tian, a. Al^outien, enne. 
Alexan'dria, s. Alexandrie, f. 
Algar'va, s. les Algarves, £. 
Alge'ria, s. I'Alprerie, f. 
Al'gerian, Alge'rine, s. et 

a. Algeiien, enne ; d' Alger. 
Algiers', s. Alger, m. 
Allcant, s. Alicante, f. 
Allemagned'), sf. Germany. 
AUemand, e, a. ets. German. 
Alps (the), s. pi. (les) Alpes,f. 
Alsace, Alsa'tia, s. 1' Alsace, 

f. [enne. 

Alsa'iian, b. et a. Alsacien, 
Am'azou (the), s. (1') Ama- 

zone, m. 
Amazo'nia, s. le pays des 

Aniazones. Amazo'nian, 

a. du pays des Amazones, f. 
Amboy'na, s. Amboine, f. 
Amer'ica, s. I'Am^rique. Brit- 
ish — , l'An»eriqiie Anglaise. 

North — , South — , I'Amerique 

du Nord, du Sud. [cain, e. 

Anaer'ican, s. et a. Ameri- 
Amis (les fles des), sf. the 

Friendly Islands. 
Anatolia, s. I'Anatolie, f. 
Anco'na, s. Ancone, f. 
Andalu'sia, s. Andalousie, f. 
Andalu'sian, s. et a. Anda- 

loiis, e. [s. le val d'Andorre. 
Andor'ra (the valley of ), 
Anglers,, s. Angers. A native 

of — , un Angevin. 
Anglo-Saxon, s. et a. Anglo- 

[Saxon, ne. [f. 

Antig'ua, s. Antigoa,Antigue, 
Antilles, s. pi. (les) Antilles, f. 

The greater, the lesser — les . 

grandes,les petites Antilles. 
An'twerp, s. Anvers, m. 
Ap'pennines ( the ), s. pi. 

(les) Apennins, m. [laches. 
Appala'chian, a. des Appa- 



Aq'uitain, s. I'Aquitaine, f 
Ara'bia, s. I'Arabie, f. — De- 

serta, I'Arabie D^serte. — 

Felix, Araby the Blest, I'Arabie 

Heureuse; — Petraea, Stony 

— , I'Arabie P^tree. 
Ara'bian, a. Arabe. The — 

gulf, le golfe Arabique. 
- Arca'dia, s. 1' Arcadia, f. Ar- 

ca'dian,s. eta, Arcadien,ne; 

de I'Arcadie. [Archipel, m. 
Archipel'ago (the), s. (l') 
Arme'nia, s. I'Armenie, f, 
Arme'niau, s. et a. Armani- 
en, enne. 
Armor'ica, s. I'Armoriqne, f. 
Asia, s. I'Asie, f. — Mmor, 

I'Asie Mineure. 
Asiat'ic, s. et a. Asiatique. 
A'soph, s. Azof, Azov. 
Asphalti'tes lake, s. le lac 

Asphaltite, la mer Morte. 
Astu'rias (the), s. pi. (les) 

Asturies. f . 
Ath'ens, s. Athenes, f. 
Athe'nian, s. et a. Athenian, 

enne; d'Athenes. 
Atlan'tic ( Ocean ), I'ocean 

Atlantique, m. 
Atti'ca, s. I'Attique, f. 
Att'ic, a. attique. 
Aug'sburg, s. Augsbourg. 
Au'rigiiy, sm. Alderney. 
Australia, s. Australie, f. 
Australian, s. et a. Austra- 

lien, enne ; d' Australie ; de 

I'Australie. 
Aus'tria, s. I'Autriche, f. 
Aus'trian, s. et a. Autrichien, 

etine; d'Antriche. 
Aus tro-Hunga'rian, a. 

austro hongrois. 

Ba'den, s. Bade, m. 
Sahama Islands (the) s. les 

(lies) Lucayes. 
!Bale,'ISa'sel, s. Bale, m. 
Balearic, a. (les lies) Balg- 

ares, f. [Baltiqne. 

Baltic (the), a. et s. (la) 
Barba'dees, s. laBarbade. 
Bar'bary, s. la Barbarie. The 

States of — , les Etats Barba- 

resques. 
Barcelo'na, s. Barcelone, f. 
Bata'via, s. la Batavie. 
Brva'ria, s. laBaviere. 
Bava'rian, s. et a. Bavarois, 

e ; de Baviere. 
Beer-she'ba, s. Bersab^e, f. 
Bel'gian, s. et a. Beige ; dd <la 



GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES 



189 



Belgique, Bel'gium, s. la 
Belgique. 

Beneven'to, s. Ben^vent. 

Bengal', s. le Bengale. The 
Bay of — , le golfe da Bengale. 
Bengalee', s.Bengalese', 
s. et a. Bengalais, e. 

Ber'gamo, s. Bergame, m. 

Bermu'da, s. et a. The — 
Islands, the — s, les lies Ber- 
mudes. 

Bern, s. Berne, f. 

Bessara'bia, s. la Bessarabie. 

Betli'any, s. la Bethanie, f. 

Bir'mali, s. I'Empire Birman. 

Biscay', s. la Biscaye. The Bay 
of — , le golfe de Gascogne. 

Biscay'an, s. et a. Basque. 

Bohe'xaia, s. la Boheme. 

Bolie'mian, s. et a. Bohe- 
mlen, enne. 

Bolo'gna, s. Bologne, f. [e. 

Bolognese', s. et a. Bolonais, 

Bordeaux, s. Bordeaux. Na- 
tive of — , Bordelais. 

Bos'nia, s. la Bosnie. 

Kos'nian, s. et a. Bosniaque. 

Bos'porus (tlie), s. (le) Bos- 
phore. 

Both'nia, s. la Bothnia. 

Bragan'za, sl. Bragance, f. 

Brahma'pootra, s. le Brah- 
mapoutra. [debourg. 

Bran'denburg , s. (le) Bran- 
Brazil', s. le Bresil. fdu Bresil. 

Brazil'ian,s.et a.Bresilien,ne ; 

Bre'men, s. Br6sne, m. 

Brit'ain, Grreat — , la (Jrande 
Bretagne. 

Brittan'ic, a. britannique. 

Brit'isli, a. et s. 1. britan- 
nique, anglais. 2. Breton ; An- 
glais ; des Bretons. The — 
Channel, la Manche. 

Briton, s. et a. Breton, ne. 

Britt'any, s. la Bretagne (en 
France). Of — , de la Bretagne, 
Breton. 

Bruss'els, s. Bruxelles, f. 

Bucha'ria, s. la Boukharie. 

Bu'da, s. Bade. 

Bulga'ria, s. la Bulgarie. 

Bulga'rian, s. et a. Bulgare. 

Burgun'dian, s. et a. Bour- 
gnignon, ne ; de Boiirgogne. 

Bur'gundy, s. la Bourgogne. 

Bur'sa, s. Brousse, f . 

Cadiz', s. Cadix, m. 
Cafif 'er, s. Cafre, m. 
Caff'erlaud, Caff'raria, s. 

la Cafrerie. 
Cairo, s. le Caire. 
Cala'bria, s, la Calabre. [e. 
Cala'brian, s. et a. Calabrais, 



Caledo'nia, s. la Caledonie. 

New — , la Nouvelle-Cal^donie. 
Caledo'niau, s. et a. Caledo- 

nien, ne. 
Califor'uia, s. la Californle. 

The Gulf of — , le golfe de Ca- 

liTornie, la raer Vermeille. 
CaI'muck, s. et a. Calmouk. 
Cambo'dia, s. le Cambodge. 
Campa'nia, laCampanie. 
Campeacby, s. Campeche. 
Can'ada, s. le Canada. Can- 

a'dian, s. Canadien, ne. 
Cana'ry, s. Canarie, f. The — 

Islands, les (lies) Canaries. 
Can'dia, s. Pile de Candie, f. 
Cane'a, s. la Can^e. 
Canter'bury. s. Cantorbery. 
Cape, s. Cap, m. The — of Good 

Hope,le cap de Bonne-Espe- 

rance. — (Colony, la colonie 

d II Cap. Town, le Cap. — 

Verd. le cap Vert, [Caraibe. 
Caribbe'an, Car'ibbee, a. 
Carin'tliia, s. la Carinthie* 
Caroli'na, s. la Caroline. 

North — , South — , la Caroline 

du Nord, du Sud. 
Carpa'thian, a. The — moun- 
tains, les montsCarpathes. 
Carthage'na, s. Carthagene. 
Cashmere', s. Cachemire, m. ; 

de Cachemire. [Caspienne. 
Cas'piau ( the ), a. la mer 
Castile', s. la Castille. Cas- 

til'ian, s. Castillan, e. 
Catalo'nia, s. la Catalogue, [e. 
Cntalo'nian, a. et s. Catalan, 
Cata'uia, s. Catane. [case. 
Cau'casus, s. le (inont) Cau- 
Cauca'sian, a. Caucasien. du 

Caucase. s. Caucasien, ne. 
Celt, s. Celte, m., t. 
Cel'tic, a. Celtique. 
Cey'lon, s. Ceylan, 
Chi'na, s. la Chine. 
Chinese', s. et a. Chinois, e. 

The — , les Chinois. 
Cireass'ia, s. la Circassie. 
Circassian, s. et a. Circas- 

sien, ne. [chine. 

Co'chin-Chi'na, s. la Coohin- 
Coiui'bra, s. le Co'imbre. 
Colum'bia, s. la Colombie. 
Composteria,s. Compostelle 
Cepenha'gen, s.Copenhague. 
Copht, s. Cophte, Copte, m. 
Cordille'ras (the), s. pi. (les) 

Cordillieres, f. 
Cordo'va, s. Cordoue, f. 
Core'a, s. la Coree. 
Corfu', s. Corfou, m. 
Cor'inth, s. Corinthe, m. 
Corin'thian, b. et a. Corin« 

thien, ne. 



igo 



GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES 



Corn'wall, s. le Corriouailles. 
Cor'nish, a. du Cornouailles. 
Cor'sica, s. la Corse. 
I'or'sican, a. et s. Corse. 
Corunn'a, s. la Corogne. 
Coss'ack, s. et a. Cosaque. 
Cour'land, s. la Courlande. 
Cra'cow, s. Cracovie, f. 
Cremo'ua, s. Cremone, f. 
Cre'tan, s. et a. Cr^tois, e. 
Crime'a(tlie), s. (la)Crimee. 
Croa'tia, s. la Croate. 
Croa'tian, s. et a. Croate. 
Cy'prus, s. I'ilede Chypre; a. 

de Chypre. 
Cy'prian, s. Cypriote. 
Czech., s. et a. Tcheque. 

Dalecar'lia, s. la Dalecarlie. 
Ualma'tia, s. la Dalmatie. 
Uaima'tiaa, a. et s. Dalmate. 
Danaas'cus, s. Damas, m. 
l>ainiett'a, s. Damiette, f. 
Dane, s. Danois, e, 
Uaiiish, a. Danois, e. 
JDau'pliiny, s. le Dauphine. 
Den'mark, s. le Danemark. 
Domini'ca, s. la Dominique. 
Dominican, s. et a. Domini- 

cain, e. 
Do'ver, s. Douvres. The straits 

of — , le Pas de Calais. 
Dres'den, s. Dresde. a. de 

Dresde. 
Dunkirk', s. Dunkerque. 
Dutch, a. et s. hoUandais. 

The — , les HoUandais. 

E'bro (the), s. (1') Ebre, m. 

£cosse (I'), St. Scotland. La 
Nouvelle — , Nova Scotia, 

£)cossais, e, a Scotch, Scot- 
tish; s. Scotchman, Scotch- 
woman. Les — , the Scotch. 

Edinburgh, Ed'inbro, s. 
Edimbouig, ^m. 

E'gypt, s. I'Egypte. Lower, 
Midule, Upper — , la Basse-, la 
Moyenne-, la Haute-Egypte. 

Egfyp'tian, a. et s. Egyptien, 

El' ba, s. rile d'Elbe, f . [ne. 

En'gland, s. I'Angleterre. 
New — , la Nouvelle-Angle- 

En'g'lisli, a. anglais, e. [terre. 

Epi'rus, s. I'Epire, f. 

Epi'rot, s. I'Epirote. 

Escaut (1'), sm. Scheldt, 
Schelde. 

Espagne, sf. Spain. 

Espagnol, le, s. et a. Span- 
ifih, Spaniard. [States. 

Etats-Unis, sm. pi. United 

Estramadu'ra, s. I'Estraina- 
durf>. [phrate, m. 

Euphra'tes (the), s. (l') Eu- 



Europe'an, a. and s. Europe- 
en, ne, d'Europe. 

Faro'e, a. Feroe. 
Falkland Islands, the, les lies 

Malouines. [buco. 

Fernanabouc', sm. Pernam- 
Ferra'ra, s. Ferrare, f. 
Fer'ro, s. rile de Fer. 
Fez, Fezzan', s. le Fez. 
Flan'ders, s. la Flandre. 
Flem isli, a. Flamand, e. 
Flor'ida, s. la Floride. 
Flushing:, s. Flessingue, m. 
Fontara'bia, s. Fontarabie. 
Franc'fort, on (the) Main, on 

(the) Oder, Francfort-snr le- 

Mein, Francfort-sur-l'Oder. 
French, a. frangais, e. 
1* rey'burg, Eri'burg, s. Fri- 

bourg, m. 
Fries'land, s. la Frise. 
Fries'lander, s. Prison, ne. 
Friu'li, s, le Frioul. 

Ga'el, s. Celte, Gael. 
<ja'elic, a. gaelique, s. 
Gaet'a, s. Qaete, f. 
Galles, see Wales. 
Galli'eia, s. la Galicie. 
Gan'ges (the), s. (le) Gange. 
Gas'cony, s. la Gascogne. 
Gaul, s. la Gaule; a. and s. 

Uciiilois, e. 
Gen'oa, s. G§nes, f. 
Gent>ese', a. and s. Genois, e. 
Gene'va, s. Geneve, f. [e. 

Gen'evese, s. et a. G^nevois, 
V«eor'g:ia, s. la Georgie. [ne. 
Geor'gian, a. et s. Georgien, 
Ger'many, s. I'Allemagne, f. 
Ger'man, a. et s. Allemand, e. 

The — Ocean, la mer du Nord. 
Ghent, s. Gand, m. 
Goett'ingen, s. Goettingue. 
Grampian Hills (the), les 

nionts Grampians. 
Gran'ada, s. Grenade, f . ; 

pays: la Grenade. New — , 

la Nouvelle-Grenade. 
Greece, s. la Grece. 
Greek, s. Grec, Hellene, m. 

A • — woman, girl,une Grecque, 

une jeune Grecque. 
Greenland, s. le Groenland. 
Green'lander, s. et a. Groen- 

landais, e. 
Gua'dalupe, s. la Guadeloupe y 
Guel'ders, s. Gueldre, f. 
Guia'na, s. la Guyane. 
Guin'ea, s. la Guinee. New — , 

la NoQvelle-Guinee. 

Hague (The), la Haye. 
Hai'nault, s. le Hainaut. 



GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES 



191 



Ham'burg, s. Hambourg. 

Han'over, s. ville, Hanovre, 
f. ; province, le Hanovre, m. 

Hanove'rian, a. and s. Ha- 
novrien, ne. 

Hanse, s. Hanieatique. The — 
towns, les villes hanseatiques. 

Hants, s. le comte de Hamp- 
shire. 

Haps'burgf, s. Habsbourg, m. 

Havau'a, s. la Havane. 

Hay'ti, s. Haiti. 

Ha\Taii,, sf. les iles Sandwich. 

Hess'ian, a. et s. Hessois, e. 

Hindostan', s. I'Hindoustan. 

Hindoo', a. and s. Hindou, e. 

HoU'and, s. la Hollande. 

HoUandais, a. see Dutch. 

Hom'burg, s. Hombourg, m. 

Hun'gary, s. la Hongrie. 

Hunga'rian, a. and s. Hon- 
grois, e. 

Ice'land, s. I'Islande, f. [e. 
Ice'lauder, s. et a. Islandais, 
In'dia, s. (pi. the Indies), 

I'Inde, les Indes. British — , 
rinde anglaise. Farther — , 
rinde au dela du Gange ; 
I'Indo-Chine. — on this side 
the Ganges, I'Inde en de^a du 
Gange. The East Indies, les 
Indes Orientales, les Grandes 
Indes. The West Indes, les 
Indes Occidentales. 

In'dian, a. and s. Indien, ne. 
The — Ocean, la Mer des 
Indes, rOc^an indien. 

Indo-CWna, s. I'lndo-Chine. 

In'dus, s. Sindh, m. 

Ire'land, s. Irlande, f . 

I'rish, a, and s. Irlandais, e. 
The — sea, la mer d'Irlande. 
A — man, un Irlandais. An — 
woman, une Irlandaise. 

Ts'tria, s. I'lstrie, f. 

Ital'ian, a. and s. Italien, ne. 

It'lay, s. I'ltalie, £. 

Jamai'ca, s. la Jama'ique. 
Japan', s. le Japon. 
Japanese', a. et s. Japonais, 

e; du Japon. 
Javanese', a. et s. Javanais, e. 
Jen'a, s. lena, m. 
Jor'dan, s. Jourdain (le). 
Jude'a, s. la Jud^e. 

juac'cadives, the, s. les iles 

Laquedives, f. 
Ladrones', the, s. les iles des 

Larrons. [ni. 

Ijan'easter, s. le Lancastre, 
Liap'land, s. la Laponie. 
Lap'lander, s. et a. Lapon, e. 



L.ariss'a, Larisse, f. 
Lata'kia, s. Latakieh, m. 
Leb'anon, s. le Liban. 
Lieg'horn, s. Livourne, f. 
Licpan'to, s. Lepante. 
Ley den, s. Leyde, f. 
Liis'bon, s. Lisbonne. 
Lithua'nia, s. la Lithuanie. 
Liithua'niau, s. and a. Lithu- 

aiiien, ne. 
Liom'bardy, s. la Lombardie. 
Lion'don, s. Londres, m. 
Lioret'to, s. Lorette, f . 
Liouisia'na, s. la Louisiane. 
Luca'ya Islands, the, les 

Lucayes. 
liUc'ca, s. Lucques, f. 
Ly'ons, s. Lyon. 
Liyonnese', s. et a. Lyonnais, 

e; de Lyon. 

Mac'edon, Macedo'nia, s. 

la Macedoine. 

Madei'ra, s. Madera. 

Maas, s. la Meuse. 

Main, the, s. (le) Mein. 

Major'ca, s. Majorque, f. 

Malay', a- and s. Malais, e. 

Mal'ta, s. Malte,f. 

Maltese', 9.. and s. Maltais, e. 

Manehe, la, see Channel. 

Manil'a, s. Manille, f. 

Man'tua, s. Mantoue, f. 

Manx, s. I'ile de Man. 

Marque'sas Islands, the, les 
iles Marquises. 

Marseilles', s. Merseille. In- 
habitant of — , Marseillais, e. 

Mayence, s. Mentz, f. 

Mauri'tiiiS the, s. Pile Mau- 
rice, f. 

Mee'ca, s. la Mecqne. [lines. 

Meeh'lin, s. Malines; de Ma- 

Medi'na, s. Medine, f. 

Mediterra'nean, the, s. la 
mer Mediterranee. 

Mentz, s. Mayence. 

Messi'na, s. Messine. [e. 

Mex'can, a. and s. Mexicaiti, 

Mex'ico, s. ville, Mexico, f. ; 
pays, le Mexique. 

Minor'ca, s. Minorque. 

Mo'dena, s. Modene. [nais, e. 

Mo'denese, s. and a. Mode- 

Molda'via, s. la Moldavie. 

Molda'vlan, a. et s. Moldave. 

Moluc'ca, The — s, the — 
Islands, les iles Moluques. 

Moor, s. Maure, Marocain, e. 

Moor'ess, Mauresque, f. [que. 

Moor'ish, a. Maure, Maures- 

Mora'via, s. la Moravie. 

Mora'vian, a. and s. Morave. 

More'a (the), s. la Moree. 

Moroc'eo, s. le Maroc. 



192 



GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES 



Mos'cow, s. Moscou. 
Mur'cia, s. la Murcie, f . 
Mysore', b. le Mai'ssour. 

Naup'lia, s. Nauplie, f . 
Navari'no, s. Navarin. 
J>feapol'itan, a. and s, Napo- 

litain, e. [Pays-Bas. 

Neth'erlands, the, s. les 
New'foundland, s. la Ten-e- 

Neuve. 
Nile, the, s. le Nil. 
Nim'eguen, s. Nimegue. 
Nor' man, a. et s. Normand,e. 
Nor'uiandy, s. la Norraandie. 
North Cape, s. le Cap Nord. 
Nor'^i^ay, s. la Norvege. 
Norwe'gian, a. and s. Norve- 

gien, ne. [Zemble. 

No'va Zem'bla, s. la Nouvelle 

Ocea'nica, s. I'Oc^anie. 
Opor'to, 8. Porto. [m. 

Orino'co, the, s. I'Orgnoque, 
Ork'ney Islands, the — s, les 

Orcades. [Orleans. 

Orleans, New — , laNouvelle- 
Ostend', s. Ostende, f . 
Otahei'te,s. Tai'ti, Otahiti, f. 
Otran'to, s. Otrante, f. 
Ouessant (I'lle d' ), sf. 

(Jshant. 
Oural, see Ural. 

Pacif 'ic Ocean, the, I'ocdan 

Paciflque, la mer Paciflque. 
Pad'ua, s. Padoue. 
Pad'uan, s. and a. Padouan, e. 
Palat'inate, the, s. le Palati- 
Paler'mo, s. Palerme. [nat. 
Pampelu'na, s. Pampelune,f. 
Papu'a, s. la terre de Papous. 
Patago'nia, s. la Patagonie. 
Patago'nian, s. and a. Pata- 

gon, ne. 
Pa'via, s. Pavie, f. 
Pelew' Islands, the, les lies 

Pelew, les iles Palos. 
Pennsylva'nia, s. la Pensyl- 

vanie. [bouc. 

Pernambu'eo, s. Femam- 
Per'sia, s. la Perse. 
Per'sian, a. and s. Persan, e. 

The — gulf, le golfe Persique. 
Peru', s. le P^rou. [vien, ne. 
Perii'vian, a. and s. P^ru- 
Philadel'phia, s. Philadel- 
Philip'pi, s. Philippes. [phie. 
Philippine Islands, the, les 

iles Philippines. 
Pic'ardy, s. la Picardie. A 

native of — , un Picard. 
Pied'mont, s. le Piemont. 
Piedmontese', s. and a. Pie- 
Pi'sa, s. Pise. [montais, e. 



Placen'za, Placen'tia, s. 

Plaisance, f. 
Po'land, s. la Pologne. 
Pole, Po'lander, Po'lack, 

s. Polonais, e. 
Po'lish, a. polonais, e. 
Polyne'sia, s. la Polyn^sie. 
Pomera'nia, s. la Pom^ranie. 
Por'to, sm. Oporto. [gais, e. 
Portuguese', a. and s. Portu- 
Posilip'po, le Pausilippe. 
Prussia, s. la Prusse. 
Pruss'ian, s. and a. Prussien, 

ne; de Prusse. 
Pyrenees', s. pi. les Pyrenes. 

Rat'isbon, s. Ratisbonne, f. 

Kaven'na, s. Ravenne, f. 

Rhine, (te), s. le Rhin. The 
Provinces of the — , les pro- 
vinces rhenanes. 

Ro'man, a. and s. romain, e. 

Rouma'nia, s. la Rouraanie. 

Roume'lia, s. la Roumelie. 
Eastern — , la Roumelie Orien- 

Russ'ia, s. la Russie. [tale. 

Russ'ian, s. and a. Russe. 
The — Empire, I'Empire russe. 

Saipong', s. Saigon, m. [m. |j 
St. Domingo, St.-Domingue, | 
St. Hel'ena, s. (I'ile de) Ste- 

Helene, f. [bourg. I 

St. Pe'tersburg, s. P^ters- 
Salamanc'a, s. Salamanque. 
Saloni'ki, s. Salonique, f. 
Saragoss'a, s. Saragosse, f. 
Sardin'ia, s. la Sardaigne. 
Sartlin'ian, a. and s. Sarde. 
Savoy', s. la Savoie. A native 

of — , Savoyard, e. 
Sax'ony, s. la Saxe. 
Scandina'vian, a. and s. 

Scandinave. 
Schaflfhau'sen,s. Schaffouse. 
Scheldt, the, s. I'Escaut, m. 
Scilly Islands (the), les iles 

Sorlingues. 
Sclavon'ic, a. Esclavon. 
Scot'land, Scotch, 

.see Kcosse. [bie. 

Senegam'bia, s. la S^n^gam- 
Ser'via, s. la Serbie. 
Serv'ian, a. and s. Serbe. 
Sev'ern, the, s. la Saverne. 
Sevil'la, s. Seville, f. 
Siamese', a. and s. Siamois, e. 
Sibe'ria, s. la Sib^rie. 
Sic'ily, s. la Sicile. 
Sien'na, s. Sienne, f. 
Sile'sia, s. la Silesie. 
Sind (the), s. Sindus (le). 
Singhalese', s. natif de Cey- 

lan. The — , les Singalais (na- 
tif s de Ceylan)- 



GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES 



J 93 



Slav, s. Slave m. 
Smyr'na, s. Smyrnc. 
Solway frith (the i, U' trolfe 

de Solway. 
Sorlingues, s. pi see Sicily. 
Sorreii'to, s. Sorreme. 
Sonnd, the. s. le Suua. 
Spain, s. TEspagne. 

.Span'iard, Span'ish, a. ami 

if. Espagnol, e. 
Spitzber'gen, s. le Spitzberj?' 
Ntras'burg, s. Strasbourg. 
Stutt'gaid, s. Stuttgaii, 
Styr'ia, la Styne. 
Sua'bia, s. la Souabe. 
Sun(da Islands (the), les iles 

de la Sonde. 
Sw^ede, s. and a. Suedois, e. 
Svve'den, s. la Snede. 
Swre'dish, a Suedois. e. 
Switzerland, s. la Suisse. 
Swiss, a. and s. Suisse. The — , 

les Suisses. A — woman, une 
Syr'ia, s, la Syiie. [Siiisse»>e. 

Ta'gus, the. le Tage. 

Tahi'ti, s 0'Ti>iti. ni. 

Tangiers', s. Tanger. 

Tar'tar, a. and s. Tartai e. 

Tasma'nia, s. la Tasmanie. 

Tczech, s. and a Tcheque. 

Tercei'ra, s. Teiceire. 

Terraci'na, s Teracine. 

Thames, the, s. la Tamisi-. 

Thess'aiy, K. laThessalie. 

Thessa'lian, a. and s. Tlies 
salien, ne 

Thurin'gia, s. la Thuringe. 

Ti'ber (the), s. le Tibre. 

Ti'gris (the), s. le Tigve, 

Timbuc'too, s. Tomboncton. 

Tole'do, s. Tolede. [vanie. 

Transylva'nia, s. laTrarisyi- 

Treb'isond, s. Tr^bizonde. 

Trent, s. Trente, t. [nite. 

Trin'idad, s. (I'lle de) la Tri- 

Turcoma'nia, a. la Turcoma- 

Turk, s. Turc, m. [nie. 

Tur'ltey, s. la Turquie. — in 
Asia, Asiatic — , la Turquie 
d'Asie, — in Europe, la Tur- 
quie d' Europe. 

Tus'cany, s. la Toscane. 

Tus'can, a. ands. Toscan, e. 



Um'bria, s. I'Ombrie. 
U'ral, a. Ouial. The — moun- 
tains, les monts Ourals. 
Ush'ant, s. Ouessant. 
U'tica, s. Utique, f. 

Valachie, see Wallachia. 
Valen'cia, s. Valence, f. 
Valet'ta, s. la Valette. 
Van Die'men's Land, s. la 

Terre de Van Diemeii, la Tas- 
Varsovie, sf. Warsaw, [manie. 
Vaud, s. le Pays de Vaud. 
Vaudois, s. native of Vaud; 

pi. the Waldenses. 
Vene'tia, s. la Ven^tie. [ne. 
Vene'tian, a. and s. V^nitien, 
Ven'ice, s. Venise, f. 
Vero'na, s. Verona, f. 
Vesu'vius, s. le V^suve. 
V^icen'za, s. Vicence, 1. 
Vien'na, s. Vienne, f. 
Virgin ia, s. la Virginia. 
Vis'tula, the, Vistule, la. 

Walden'ses ( the ), s. les 

Vaudois. 
Wales, s. le pays de Galles. 

New South Wales, laNouvelle- 

Galles du Sud. 
Walla'chia, s. la Valachie. 
Walla'chian, a. and s. Va- 

laque. 
Walloon', s. Wallon, ne. 
War'saw, s. Varsovle, f. 
W^arso'vian, a. and s. Var- 

sovien, ne. 
Welsh, a. and s. Gallois, e; du 

pays de Galles. 
West'ern Islands (the), s. les 

Hebrides, f. 
Westpha'lia, s. laWesphalie. 
Westpha'lian, a. and Wes- 

phalien, ne; de la Wesphalie. 
VVurtenaber'ger, s. and a. 

Wurtembergeois, e. 

Xe'res, s. Xeres, m. 

Zea'land, s. la Z^lande. New 
— , la Nouvelle Zelande. 

Zuy'derzee (the), s. le Zuy- 
derzee. 



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