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3 1833 02300 0182 

A , Standard Histo iy of 

Jasper and Nevv^toii Counties 

An Avitbcntic Nairative of the Past, with an Extended 

Sui'vcy of Modern Developments in the 

Progress of Town and Country 

Under the Rditorial Supervision of 


Fnr Jasper County' 

For Newton County 
Assisted by a Board of Advisory Editors 

Volume II 





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Jasper and Newton Counties 

Walter V. Porter. The Porter family in Jasper County not 
on!} Jc-civci rliciiiictiovis absocinted v.'ith lonj^ recidcnro, Imt also 
with those sterling activities and civic character which are so im- 
portant in the upbuilding of any community. The people of that 
name have been identified with the county more than sixty-five 
years, and it is consistent with the prominence of the family that 
some of its members should receive individual mention in these 

The first of the family to locate in Jasper County was Asa 
Porter, Sr. He was born in Orange County, Indiana, and came to 
Jasper County in 1849, locating land in the southeast part of sec- 
tion 35 and the northeast part of section 2 in IVlarion Township in 
the country south of Pleasant Ridge. There he spent the rest of 
his days as one of the industrious farmers, and his eflforls enabled 
him to aLCumulate considerable property. Asa Porter, Sr., married 
Lucinda McGrew, and they became the parents of fourteen children. 
Three of their sons, Jonah, Asa and Rice, all gave up their lives 
as sacrifices to the Union cause during the Civil war. Asa Porter 
was a member of the Baptist Church and most of his family have 
been connected with the same denomination. By the old settlers 
yet living Asa Porter is recalled as a man who did much good in 
tiie community, was always ready to lend a helping hand to all worthy 
causes and in every way an ideal citizen. 

Rice M. Porter, one of the sons of Asa Porter, Sr., was born 
in Orange County, Indiana, in 1834, and was a boy of fifteen when 
his parents removed to Jasper County. Very few of th? Indiana 
counties of that time had improved school facilities, and Mr. Porter 
attended one of the old time schoolhouses, a rough building with slab 
benches for seats, puncheon floor, learned his lessons from his very 
hmited range of text books, principally a speller and reader, wrote 
his copy with a goose quill pen, and his education was pronounced 
complete when he had mastered the fundamentals of arithmetic, 
reading, writing and spelling. In the meantime his practical train- 
ing for the real duties of farm life had not been neglected, and for 
several years he applied himself to the duties found on the old 
homestead, clearing, planting and harvesting the crops. Rice M. 
Porter married Mary A. Qark, and to their union were bom four 
children: Jessie F., Walter V.. William M. and Asa. In the spring 
of 1863 Rice M. Porter enlisted in a company of the 151st Indiana 
\'olunteer Infantry. His regiment went to the front and was 
assigned to guard duty, and while in the service Mr. Porter was 


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taken down with malaria and died from tint disease at Xasliville, 
Tennessee. As already staled, he was one of three brothers who 
gave up their lives as sacrifices during^ the war. His widow survived 
him nearly half a century, passing away in June, 1913, and had spent 
her last years with a married daughter in Kansas. 

\\'alter V". Porter, son of Rice I\I. and grandson of Asa Porter, 
Sr., has for many years sturdily upheld the reputation of his family 
in Jasper County, where he was born April 24, 1S5S. His name has 
been linked not only u'idi ihe fannh.g but die business affairs of 
his locality, and he has discharged his obligations as an individual 
with unvarying fidelity. 

His boyhood was spent on the old homestead in ?sIarion Town- 
ship, and his education came from ])ublic schools which were only 
a few degrees advanced abo\e those which his father attended. 
As the oldest son, he began helping his mother as soon as his strength 
permitted, and was her main dependence in keeping the home and 
her little family together until he reached his majority. He then 
found work as a farm hand, and earned his li\ing in that way for 
three years. 

March 23, 18S2, 'Mr. Porter married Miss Amanda E. Parkin- 
son, daughter of Joseph Parkinson of Jasper County. After his 
marriage he ])aiu $25 an acre for a quarter section of land 25-2 
miles east of Rensselaer on the Pleasant Ridge Road, and there 
began his independent career as a farmer. After luaking his home 
there and' continuing his agricultural operations for eight years, 
Mr. Porter in tlie fall of 1890 became one of the i)artners in the 
management of the AlcCoy Ranch in Jordan Township. The 
McCoy Ranch for many years was one of the large farms and stock 
centers of Ja.sper County, and Mr. Porter was a responsible factor 
in its management for about si.xteen years. He later continued the 
management of the ranch under the adnu'nistrator of the McCoy 
estate until the estate was settled and the property sold. In 1907 
Mr. Porter moved into Rensselaer, and has since had his home in 
the county seat. In i8gi he sold his original farm 23.-J miles east 
of town, and in 1892 bought a half section in Jordan Township near 
the Newton County line. This he sold in 1894, and then bought 
the old Richey place on Carpenter Creek in ]\Iarion Township. 
Since then Mr. Porter has increased his holdings in that vicinity and 
is now the owner of a fine farm of 480 acres. In addition to his 
general farming and stock interests he has for the past three years 
been engaged in building bridges and roads throughout Jasper 
County, and has undertaken and carried out most creditably a num- 
ber of important contnacts of this kind. 

He has been identified with all movements tending to promote the 
best interests of his localit}-, and his record is that of a man of strict 
probity and sincere motives. Politically he is a republican and for 
aboiU fourteen years has been a member of the county council 
Fraternally he is a Royal Arch Mason, No. 125, and is also identified 
with the Knights of Pythias, No. 82. 

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Mr. and Mrs. Porter arc the parents of six children: Joseph V. 
Rice, Fannie, Ella Dale, William Ross, Charles W. and Walter, Jr. 
Joseph V. Porter is a graduate of the Rensselaer High School, and 
a member of tlie graduating class of 1906 from the North Western 
Military Academy at Highland Park, Illinois. At the present time 
he is serving as deputy sheriff of Jasper County. He married Miss 
Lola Fountain, of Newton County, a daughter of one of that 
county's leading citizens, and they have a little son, Darwin. 
Joseph V. Porter is a Republican and a member of the [Masonic 
and the Knights of Pythias fraternities at Rensselaer. Fannie, the 
only living daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Porter, after attending the 
common and high schools of Rensselaer, was a student for two years 
in the Staunton Seminary at Staunton, Virginia, and also a student 
in the school of Faribault, Minnesota. She is the wife of Rev. 
Vaughn Wood worth, a clergyman in the Presbyterian Church near 
Omaha, Nebraska. William Ross Porter attended the common 
and high scliools in Rensselaer, and is now a leading young agricul- 
turist of Jasper County. Pie is a republican, a Mason and a Knight 
of Pythias. Charles W. Porter, another of the rising young farmers 
of Jasper County, received a good educational training, and sus- 
tains the same political and fraternal relations as his brothers. 
Walter, Jr., the youngest of the children living, is a member of the 
first year class of the Rensselaer High School. The daughter Ella 
Dale died in infancy. Mrs. Porter, tlie mother, is a native of Jasper 
County, where she was reared and educated, and is a member of one 
of the county's oldest and most prominent families. She is a devout 
member of the Presbyterian Church. 

Hiram Burgess. One of the pioneer business men of the town 
of Goodland was the late Hiram Burgess, who died April 8, 1915, 
in Los Angeles, California. More than forty-five years have passed 
since this branch of the Burgess family became identified with 
Newton County, and in his time the late Hiram Burgess was identi- 
fied with farm development, with the drug business at Goodland, 
and with many of the movements and organizations which have 
been most beneficial in the welfare and progress of that community. 

A son of John C. and Acsah (Christe) Burgess, and of Scotch- 
German descent, Hiram Burgess was born in Washington County, 
New York, July 9, 1832. His parents were among the early settlers 
of Washington County where his mother died in March, 1S60, and 
his father in July, 1865. As a boy Hiram Burgess obtained com- 
mon school education in New York, was thoroughly trained in 
business system and detail, and at the death of his father succeeded 
to the ownership of the old Burgess homestead, which occupied a 
picturesque site on the shores of Lake George. 

It was in 1867 that he came West, locating first in Will County, 
Illinois, and from there three years later corning to Grand Town- 
ship in Newton County, Indiana. He was a man of considerable 


.1 vi: 


means when he came to Newton County and his first enterprise 
was the purchase of one hundred twenty acres of wild prairie land 
two miles West of Goodland. He developed much of this land and 
made it his home while cultivating its crops until 1873. From 
that year forward for a great many years he was identified with the 
drug; business in Goodland. lie was one of the men who had 
faith in the villajje and as early as 1872 exjiendcd nearly seven 
thousand dollars in the construction of the I'.urgess r)lock, which in 
its time Vi-as the n-;y.>t conspicuous structure in tlie village. It had 
a frontage of sixty-tvv'O feet on Newton Street and eighty-six feet 
on Union Street. It was in that building that Mr. Burgess had his 
dnig store. He sold out his drug business to Constable & Pierce 
and moved to I.os Angeles, California, in 1905, v/here he spent the 
remainder of life retired. 

The first presidential vote Iliram Burgess cast was for John 
C. Fremont, the first presidential standard bearer of the republican 
party. Ever afterwards he loyally supported the party, but never 
manifested any strong desire for the honors of politics. lie was 
especially active in the Methodist Episcopal Church, and for thirty 
years was superintendent of its Sunday School. His wife was also 
identified with tlie same denomination. 

On January 14, 1855, Mr. Burgess married Miss Warren. 
Her father was N. A. Warren of Essex County, New York. To 
their marriage were born three children: Eliza G., who married 
E. J. Hunter and has two children, Graham and Fannie. Mr. 
Hunter is deceased and his wiic lives in Los Angeles, California. 
Elmer married Estella Hnniilton and has one child, Lyle L. The 
family live in Los Angelc^, California. Edward A. died in 1877. 
No direct descendants of Hiram Burgess li\-e in Xcwton County. 

Ch.-\rles E. Burgess. For more than a quarter of a century the 
leading hardware merchant at Goodland has been Cliarles E. Bur- 
gess, whose home has been within the borders of Newton County 
nearly forty-fi\-e years, and whose standing as a business man and 
citizen requires little comment by way of introduction. 

He was born in Washingion County, New York, March 17, 
1854, a son of Charles and Jane (Barrett) Burgess. Charles Bur- 
gess, his father, was also born in Washington County, New York, 
March 14, 1824, and was a son of John Burgess of Scotch-German 
stock. In 1857 Charles Burgess moved his family west to Will 
County, Illinois, and from that locality came in 1S71 to Newton 
County, Indiana, locating three miles west of Goodland in Grant 
Township. A year later he moved to Goodland and was a resident 
of that town until his death. He was highly prosperous in all his 
undertakings, and at the time of his death left an estate of more 
than four hundred acres, part of it included within the city limits of 
Goodland. It was by the rugged industry of pioneer farming that 
he accumulated the generous competence which he enjoyed in his 
later years and which he left to his descendants. Charles Burgess 


married Jane Barrett, who was also born in Washington County. 
His remains are now at rest in the Goodland cemetery. A brief 
record of their six children is : Sophronia M., who lives in Good- 
land; Charles E. : George L., of Goodland; Harry A., wlio married 
Emma Drake, li\cs in Grant Township; May J., wife of George R. 
Sapp, who lives in IMecosta, ?>Iichigan ; and Fayette A., a resi- 
dent of Grant Township, svho married Bernice A. Jakway, son of 
A. G. Jakway. The father of these children was a republican in 
politics, but was not a seeker for office, belonged to no secret orders, 
and exemplified in his individual career the sterling traits of man- 
hood and character v^diich were his essential possessions. He died 
in March, 1880, being survived by his widow. 

When Charles E. Burgess was three years of age his family 
moved to Will County, and he was about seventeen when ibey 
came to Newtou County. Since then his home has been within the 
borders of this county, and his education was finished in the public 
schools at Goodland. Quite early in his career, on account of the 
poor health of his father, he took the management of the home 
farm, and he demonstrated much practical ability in agricultural 
matters, though his real career began after he left the farm in 1888 
and bought a half interest in the hardware store of T. J. Gray at 
Goodland. For many years the firm of Gray & Burgess carried 
the largest stock of hardware and implements in Grant Township, 
and was a successful concern under that name sixteen years. In 
1904 Mr. Gray retired from business and since then the enterprise 
has been carried on under the individual name of Charles E. 

On December 9, 1886, Mr. Burgess married Lilly S. Stryker, 
daughter of Rev. William M. and Isabel Stryker of Emporia, 
Kansas. Her father, who was a minister of the Presbyterian 
Church and lived in many localities during his active career, was 
bom in Pennsylvania of German descent, while her mother was a 
native of Ohio and of Scotch descent. Mr. and Mrs. Burgess have 
one child, Olive Virginia, now the wife of Brewster B. Hoombeek 
of Elgin, Illinois. 

In addition to his success as a merchant Mr. Burgess is known 
for his varied public and social activities. He has served as a 
member of the town board three years, as member and treasurer 
of the school board eight years, and was on the building coinmittee 
during the construction of the handsome new school building at 
Goodland. In politics he is a republican, and he has been a member 
of the Presbyterian Church for many years, served as its treasurer 
twenty years and ten years as an elder. His wife is also active in 
the same denomination. Mrs. Burgess is a member of the Library 
Board at Goodland and is secretary of the local Women's Christian 
Temperance L^nion. 

George R. Thornton. When one considers the hopes and 
enthusiasm, the labors accompanied by the sweat of the brow, the 

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trials and misfoituiies, and the nobility of sclf-sacrince which have 
been woven into the early history of Jasper Counvy by the lives of 
its early settlers, there comes a sense of the responsibility con- 
nected with giving appropriate record wherever possible to those 
men and women who really laid the foundation of the present pros- 
perous conditions and who since their work was accomplished have 
gone on to the future world. One of those most deserving of such 
memorial is the late George R. Thornton, who was in many ways 
conspicuous among the early setilers of the cnvm<y. 

]:!orn in Ohio in 1818, George R. Thornton was a son of Pliineas 
Thornton. Phineas Thornton was born in Vermont, and early in 
the history of Ohio as a state settled in Champaign County. George 
R. Thornton grew up to the life of a farmer, ^\']lile living in Ohio 
he married ^.Iar>' E. Roberts, and about 1842 they moved from that 
state to Indiana locating one mile from Surry in Newton Town- 
ship of Jasper County. Buyirig some land, he entered some from 
the government, in a totally wild condition. He built a house, 
typical of the structures of the time, and set himself vigorously to 
the work of clearing, plowing, planting and general improvement. 
For many years he lived there harvesting successive crops and 
gradually growing in prosperity and influence. When he and his 
wife came to Jasper Coimty they had one dnugliter, !Meicy E., 
who subsequently married Ira J. Baker. At their home in Jasper 
County were born four children: Malvina, now Mrs. Theodore 
F. Warne; George Jerome, who died when about nineteen years of 
age; Greenleaf L. ; and Minerva, who died in infancy. The mother 
of these children died in 1855, and Mr. Thornton married for his 
second wife Louisa Blankenbaker, who became tiie mother of eight 

George R. Thornton was a man of only limited education, hut 
being a great reader remedied this early handicap and was regarded 
as one who possessed an unusual ran^e of information and knov/ledge 
on many topics of interest. In religion he was a Baptist and died 
in that faith, while in politics he was first a whig and then a repub- 
lican, but never aspired to public office and performed his best 
service as a neighbor, a father, and an upright citizen. Sober and 
industrious, and with a good practical sense, he met the issues of 
life as they arose and was rewarded with an ample share of material 
prosperity. Honest to the core, kind as a neighbor, and acting his 
belief in doing all the good he could, he commanded universal 
esteem. George R. Thornton died in 1892 at the age of seventy- 

His son Greenleaf L. Thornton has been one of the honored 
residents of Jasper County for many years, and his position in 
affairs is now that of county assessor, and both as an official and 
as a man he is one of the best known citizens of Jasper Connty. 
He was born on the old Thornton homestead in Newton Township 
May 1, 1852. The first twenty-one years of his life were spent 


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at home and while there he gained a great deal of the practical 
training which has served hini so well in his independent career. 
Such education as he obtained was acquired in the district schools, 
but the schools he attended during the decade of the '60s were far 
inferior in point of facilities and breadth of instruction to those 
which country boys now attend, altliough many of the noblest men 
and women of the country were products of just such institutions 
of learning. 

On March 2, 1S76, Mr. Thornton married Lydia A. I'illars, a 
daughter of Samuel and Adaline (Hammond) Pillars. The Pil- 
lars family were early settlers in Owen County, Indiana. After 
his marriage Mr. Thornton followed farming and stock trading 
until 18S4 and then with such capital as he had accumulated he 
moved out to the State of Kansas. His residence in the Sunflower 
State during the next ten years was the most disastrous period of 
his career. The Kansas ol' thirty years ago was not the Kansas 
of today, and verj' few of its residents escaped the almost contin- 
uous vicissitudes which beset the farmer and settler. While there 
Mr. Thornton lost practically every dollar he had in the world, and 
when he returned to Jasper County it was to begin life's battles 
entirely over again. He was soon on his feet and making headway 
as a fanner and trader, and that has been his chief business in the 
county for nearly twenty years, with the exception of four years 
spent in business at Surry. 

Mr. Thornton is a vigorous member of the republican party of 
Jasper County and his experience in public office has been largely 
in the duties of assessing. For four years he was assessor of 
Newton Tounship, for one year was assessor of Marion Township, 
and in the fall of 1914 was the choice of the people of Jasper 
County for county assessor. He is now giving a most capable 
administration in that office. Fraternally Mr. Thomton is affiliated 
with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, Lodge No. 143. He 
and his wife are members of the Methodist Church. To their mar- 
riage have been born four children : Melvin J. ; Raymond Earl ; 
Malvina May, now Mrs. Orlo A. Abbott; and George Taylor. 

AoALiNii (Hammond) Thoknton. Among the faithful, de- 
voted, hard-working and self-sacrificing women whose lives adorned 
the early history of Northwestern Indiana, mention should be made 
of the late Mrs. Adaline (Hammond) Thornton, who died at her 
home in the northern part of Rensselaer March 12, 1910, at the age 
of eighty years two months thirteen days. 

Adaline Hammond was bom in Jackson County, Indiana, 
December 30, 1829, a daughter of Oliver and Lydia Hammond, who 
removed from Jackson County to Monticello. White County, in 
1835, lived there until 1838, and then came as pioneers into the new 
country of Jasper County. The Hammonds were among the early- 
settlers, and the late Mrs. Thomton spent her early life in the en- 

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vironmeni of seventy years ago, with such conditions as have since 
been completely transformed by the marcli of jjrogress. 

In 1855 she married Samuel Pillars, who was likewise of the 
early settlers of Jasper County, but who did not live long after 
his marriage, passing away December 5, 1857. To their marriage 
was born one child, l.ydia A. Pillars, now the wife of G. L. Thorn- 
ton, Jasper County's popular assessor. In 1865 Mrs. Pillars 
married Henry T. Thornton, who died November 27, 1897. The 
two children of this marriage are: Dora May, Mrs. George Clark, 
and Josiah C. Thornton. At the time of her death Mrs. Thorn- 
ton was survived by two brothers and a sister, and se\eral grand- 
children and great-grandchildren. As a child she was united with 
the Free Will Baptist Church and remained a faithful member and 
an earnest Christian until her death. 

Dr. Fr.\ncis Augustus Turfler. With the general advance of 
science in modern times various new methods of healing have 
sprung up, one of the most prominent of which is osteopathy. This 
is based on the theory that all diseases are due to some abnormal 
position of the bones of the body, and treatment is directed, there- 
fore, wholly or chiefly, to that part of the human organism. A 
leading practitioner of this science in Jasper County is ]3r. Francis 
Augustus Turfler, of Rensselaer, a man of more than average ability 
who has gained more than a local reputation. Dr. Turfler was born 
in Orange County, New York, October 13, 1878, and was educated 
in the'public and high school at Warwick, that county. At a later 
period he went west and for some two years resided at Kansas City, 
Missouri, while there being engaged in various occupations, having 
previously had some mercantile exi>erience as a clerk in New York 
State. In the fall of 1900 he entered the American School of Os- 
teopathy at Kirksville, Missouri, (the parent institution of the 
science), and was graduated therefrom in 1902. He began the 
practice of his profession in Seward, Nebraska, but remained there 
but a short time, coming in 1903 to Rensselaer, where he has since 
followed it very successfully. In fact, his fame is so wide spread 
that he was selected as demonstrator before the National Osteopathic 
Association at the Jamestown Exposition, held at Norfolk, Virginia, 
and was also selected as a demonstrator before the National Society 
in the following year at Giicago. Later he demonstrated before 
the New England Society at Boston, and several times since before 
the Chicago Society. He has also been invited to demonstrate 
before the National Society at the meeting to be held in 1915. Doctor 
Turfler has contributed to the medical press articles on special sub- 
jects, one on cervical lesions attracting more than ordinary attention. 
The state organizations before which he has demonstrated are those 
of Wisconsin, Illinois, Indiana, Alinnesota, Kentucky and Ohio. His 
practice has outgrown Jasper County and his patients come to him 
from various points throughout the United States. He is a member 

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of ihc American Osteopathic Association, tlie Indiana Osteopathic 
Association, and also the Chicago Association. His other society 
affiliations arc with the Atlan Club of his school and the Knights 
of Pythias, Castle Hall No. 82. In religion he is a Methodist. 

Aside from his profession Dr. Turflcr is interested in onion 
production, and owns 500 acres of land, a large part of which is 
devoted to onion culture. He is the present president of the local 
society of onion growers. Doctor Turfler was married April 12, 
!'/n. io Anna Francis, of Ja.spcr County, who is also a graduate 
of the .\nierican Society of Osteopathy. They have had three sons : 
Francis; Augustus; Arthur, who died in infancy, and Robert Still. 
The doctor's successful career illustrates the value of mental concen- 
tration u.pon any pursuit undertaken, and shows that "whatever is 
worth doing, is worth doing well." 

Norman Warner. For fifty-seven years a continuous resident 
of Jasper County and for fifty-five years living in the house in 
which he now resides at Rensselaer, Norman Warner has been in 
many other important ways closely identified with this community. 
He knew Rensselaer first when it was a hamlet, and his individual 
enterprise has been no unimportant factor in the collective activities 
which have constituted here one of the best small cities in North- 
western Indiana. As a business man his work was accomplished 
some years ago, and he has since surrendered the cares of a busi- 
ness, which developed under his direction to his capable sons. 

A native of Indiana, Norman Warner was born in Rush County 
March 15, 1833, so that he passed the eightieth milestone of his 
mortal journey several years ago. His parents were Daniel K. 
and Elizabeth (Phillips) W^arner, the former a native of Connecti- 
cut and the latter of Ohio. Daniel K. Warner was a carriage maker 
by trade. As a Yankee peddler he came West in the early days of 
Indiana, and while in Rush County was married and for a time 
was associated with his wife's father in merchandising there. Sub- 
sequently, owing to the death of his father, he returned to Con- 
necticut and was engaged in carriage making in that state until 
the early '40s. He then moved to Cincinnati, and established a fac- 
tory as a carriage maker. While at Cincinnati he secured a valuable 
contract to make wagons for the war department to be used in the 
Mexican war. Few men of his time had greater push and cour- 
age than Daniel K. Warner. In 1850, fired by the glowing reports 
of the discovery of gold in California, he made the journey to the 
Pacific Coast by way of the Isthmus of Panama, taking with him 
material for a sawmill. Finding no satisfactory location in Cali- 
fornia, he went on to Astoria, Oregon, and there set up his plant 
and was one of the early lumber maimfacturcrs in that region of 
the Northwest which now supplies so much of the lumber material 
of the world. After operating his mill a little more than two years 
he sold out and returned to Indiana. 

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It was ill 1853 that Daniel K. Warner first located in Jasper 
Comity. He bought nearly a section of land adjoining Rensselaer 
on the east. A little later he embarked on what was then con- 
sidered a grand scale as a grower of wheat, planting for one crop 
more than five hundred acres to that grain. This was toward the 
end of his active and vigorous career, and he died on his farm in 
Rensselaer in 1856. His widow sur\ived him until 1898. Of their 
nine children five reached maturity and two are now living. 

Norman Warner, who was a young man of twcntj'-tliree when 
his father died, in youth had learned the blacksmith's trade as 
applied to carriage making at Cincinnati. His first acquaintance 
with Jasper County was made on his seventeenth birthday, in 1850, 
and his employment here at various occupations was varied, to use 
his own words, by "shaking with the ague." He also v>-orked in 
Lafayette for a time. 

On Februar>' 24, 1857, Norman Warner married Josephine 
Grant, a daughter of Daniel Grant, who had come to Jasper County 
as early as 1850. Following his marriage he lived at Waveland in 
Montgomery County for a time, and then moved to Rensselaer as 
his permanent home. For many years Mr. Warner followed general 
blacksmithing but from that embarked in the retail hardware busi- 
ness. For forty years he kept his place as one of the active mer- 
chants of Rensselaer, but since 1898 has been retired from the 
active cares of life. Mr. Warner is one of the few original republi- 
cans still living in Jas])er County. He cast his first presidential bal- 
lot for John C. Fremont, the first standard bearer of the new 
republican party in 1856, and for more than half a century has 
steadfastly afiilialcd with that party. His chief public service 
through the medium of office was given by a service of fifteen years 
as coroner of Jasper County. He and his wife are members of 
the Church of God. To their marriage were born three children, 
Daniel Grant and Norman Hale, both merchants at Rensselaer as 
the successors of their father, and Charles Crittenden. 

In February, 1907, Mr. and Mrs. Norman Warner celebrated 
their fiftieth wedding anniversary. They are among the oldest 
couples of Jasper County, and their works and influence have well 
upheld the dignity associated with such long years. Few people 
of Jasper County are more widely known and none more highly 
respected than Mr. and Mrs. Warner. 

Daniel Grant Warner, the oldest of the sons of Mr. and Mrs. 
Norman Warner, has for many years been a successful factor in 
business affairs. He was born March 23, 1858, at Waveland in 
Montgomery County, Indiana, but soon afterward went \vith his 
parents on their return to Jasper County. He grew up in Rensse- 
laer, attended the public schools of his time, and his career found 
its practical beginning as a clerk in his father's store. He has been 
identified with that business for about thirty-five years, and in 1898 
he and his brother Norman H. succeeded to its management under 

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tlie firm nnme of Warner Brothers. Mr. Warner is a republican 
and is aftiliated with the Knights of Pythias. On January 28, 1886, 
he luarried I\Iiss Gertrude M. Robinson, a daughter of George M. 
Robinson. Tiicy have one son, Rex D. Mrs. Warner is an active 
iiu-uibtr of the Presbyterian Ciuircli. Norman Hale Warner, second 
of these i^ons, was born in the house in which his father now resides 
at Rensselaer on September 21, ]86o. For fifty-five years he has 
lived in Jasper County, and with an education supplied by the public 
:-vhu'.'I.s w.;;. thoroughly trained to business UTider the direction of 
his fatiier. He assisted in the store until he and his brother 
succeeded to the business in 1898, and has since been one of the 
active members of the firm of Warner Brothers. Pie is a republi- 
can, and has been affiliated with the local lodge of the Knights of 
Pjthias since 1881. On January 25, 1885, Norman PI. Warner 
married Miss Blanche Burroughs, who died June 30, 1897. Pier 
daughter. Hazel, born December 13, 1885, was married on F(jbru- 
ar)' 24, 1910, the fifty-third wedding anniversary of her grand- 
parents, to J. V. Hamilton, and they now reside in Indianapolis. 
On August 24, 1899, Norman PI. Warner married Miss Mary 
Fetrow of Denver, Indiana. Mrs. Warner is a member of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church. 

Charles Crittenden W'arncr, the youngest of the three Warner 
brothers, has had a somewhat more varied career than the other 
two, spent several years in the West, served two terms as Circuit 
CouTi clerk of Jasper County, and is now prosperously engaged in 
the lumber business at Rensselaer. He was born in Rensselaer Octo- 
ber 26, 1862, and grew up in his home town, was educated in the pub- 
lic schools, and to describe his youthful days in his own words, passed 
much of his time fishing, playing baseball and frequenting the old 
"swimmin' hole" made famous by James Whitcomb Riley. Before 
reaching his majority he had made himself useful in his father's 
hardware store and finished his education by attending DePauw 
and Purdue universities. On completing his schooling he spen^ 
about three years in a law office as collector and in the handling of 
insurance and abstract work. From 1888 to 1892 Mr. Warner lived 
in Colorado, where he proved up on a quarter section of land, and 
for three years was emj)loyed in the county recorder's office of 
Baca County. Then returning to Rensselaer, he was in the retail 
liardware business for a time, but in 1902 was elected to office as 
Circuit Court clerk and began his duties in 1904. His service of 
eight years in that office was characterized by the fidelity and meth- 
odical management which are the chief requirements in such an 
office, and the duties of the position were never more capably per- 
formed than by ^Ir. Warner. Since leaving his office in the court 
house Mr. Warner has been engaged in the retail lumber business. 
In politics he is a republican, and is affiliated with the Knights 
f>f Pythias. On October 10, 1900, he married Miss Mary Bell 
Purcupile of Rensselaer. They have one daughter, Helen. 

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John L. Nichols. One of the oldest livinj^ representatives of 
the pioneer generation in Jasper County is John L. Nichols of 
Rensselaer. While he belongs to the third generation since the 
families of his mother and father came to America, those in the 
paternal line coming from Ireland and those in the maternal from 
Germany, there are few families who have been identified with the 
coimtry west of the Alleghenies for a longer time. His father, 
George W. Nichols, was born in Kentucky in 1793, not long after 
Kentucky was made a sovereign state and during the first adminis- 
tration of President Washington. His mother, Rebecca (Lewis) 
Nichols was born in Ohio in 1795, and thus it is evident that the 
family on both sides was identified with the early American move- 
ments to the West. 

George W. Nichols was a farmer all his life. During the exist- 
ence of that party he voted the whig ticket and was afterwards 
equally loyal to the principles of the republican doctrines and candi- 
dates. He served as a justice of the peace for many years in Jasper 
County, and was a Very active and substantial citizen. He was a 
working member of the Methodist Episcopal Church. 

It was in October, 1842, that the Nichols family came to Jasper 
County. Little had been done in the way of clearing and improve- 
ment at that time, and even when John L. Nichols was old enough 
to appreciate his surroundings his outlook was upon a district 
very sparsely populated and practically everyone living in log cabins 
and making very slow advances towards clearing and cultivating 
the land. The family on coming to Jasper County settled in 
Barkley Township, where the father bought one hundred sixty acres 
direct from the Government, paying the regular price of one 
dollar' and a quarter per acre. In that community the family of 
children were reared, and of these children there were twelve in 
nuniber. namely: Cynthia Ann, Jackson, Elizabeth, Hester Jane, 
Olive, Solomon, John L., Harrison, Samuel R., Mary Matilda, Ben- 
jamin and Alonzo. All are now deceased except John L. and 
Mary Matilda. The oldest son, Jackson, enlisted as a private in an 
'Indiana regiment for service in the Mexican war, going to the front 
from Rensselaer, and he died while in service south of the Rio 
Grande. While he was the only one of his family to serve in the 
Mexican war, there were two of the sons who made records in 
the Civil war. These were John L. and his brother Solomon, both 
of whom enlisted on August 11, in 1862 in Comjjany A of the 87th 
Indiana Infantry. They went out as privates and both fought 
at the battle of Perryville, in the fall of the same year. John 
L. Nichols subsequently was stricken with the measles, and was sent 
home and given an lionorable discharge in May, 1863. 

The mind of John L. Nichols is stored with many interesting 
recollections of early conditions and people in Jasper County. As 
he was born December 16, 1839, in Champaign County, Ohio, he 
was about three years old when the family moved to Jasper County, 

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and bis individual recolleclions go back into tbe decade of tbe '40s, 
for almost seventy years. As a boy be attended scbool at tbe old 
H inkle scboolhouse. Tliat was a scbool sujiported on the old time 
subscn'ption j)lan vbcii a family paid two dollars for a term of 
three months for each ])upil in the school. After John L. had 
attended four terms, his education so far as books and schools were 
concerned was ended, since his services were required at home as 
a lieli>cr on the farm and thenceforth his training was in the 
direction of practical work in the line of the occujiation which he 
followed for a livelihood throughout his active years. 

On October 25, 1859, when about twenty years of age, Mr. 
Nichols married Martha Daniels, member of an old and prominent 
Jasper County family. They had little more than established their 
first home when ]\Ir. Nichols left to enter the army. To their 
union were born, six children : Angeline, Wallace, Jesse, Dallas, 
Hattie.and Chattie. In May, 1885, the beloved mother of this 
family was laid to rest, after more than twenty-five years of 
married companionship. After her death the family lived in 
Rensselaer for six months, but then returned to the home farm. 

Mr. Nichols' second marriage was with Mary Reed, but no 
children were born of that union. His present wafe was Mrs. 
Eliza Jane (Potts) Lowman, their marriage having occurred on the 
17th of May, 1912. Mrs. Nichols was born in Hancock County, 
Indiana, October 26, 1856, and she was reared and educated there. 
By her marriage to Charles Lowman she became the mother of 
five children, of whom four are now living, three sons and one 
daughter, all residents of Indiana. Mr. Lowman died in 1902. 
Both Mr. and Mrs. Nichols are members of the Methodist Episco- 
pal Church at Rensselaer, and he is also a member of the Indepen- 
dent Order of Odd Fellows of that city. 

Mr. John L. Nichols iil his own work as a farmer has rendered 
the country a service through the extensive improvements he has 
placed upon his land and has kept his own property up to the 
advanced standards of progressive agriculture. In politics he is a 
republican and served as trustee of his home township for four 
years. In every movement for public improvement, education, 
general uplift in moral and religious conditions, he has given his 
active support. 

Ira M. Washburn. For almost forty years the name Wash- 
burn has had familiar associations in Jasper County with the pro- 
fession of medicine. The older representative of the name is Dr. 
Israel B. Washburn, and his son Dr. Ira M. Washburn has for the 
past fifteen years looked after a large and excellent practice in 
medicine and surger}' at Rensselaer. 

Both these physicians were natives of Indiana and Dr. Ira M. 
Washburn was born at Logansport June 23, 1874. Dr. Israel B. 
Washburn was also born in Cass County, a son of Moses L. 

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Washburn, who was a fanner by occupation and settled in Cass 
County in pioneer times. 

Dr. Israel B. Washburn graduated from Rush Medical College 
in Chicag-o with the class of 1861. He soon afterwards entered the 
army and was surgeon of the 46th Indiana Volunteer Infantry. He 
entered the army as a private soldier in the ranks and was gradually 
advanced along the line of promotion until he attained the posi- 
tion of surgeon in the regiment with the rank of major. He was 
still under Iwenty-five when he reached this high responsibility, 
and that was a splendid comi)liment to his ability and soldierly 
qualities. After the war he located in Logansport, practiced there 
until 1877, and then removed to Rensselaer, which was his home 
until his death in 1903. He was one of the organizers and the first 
president of the Kankakee Valley Medical Society, which later be- 
came the Tenth District Medical Society. He was an unusual man 
in his profession and kept abreast of the times by extensive read- 
ing and post-graduate courses. He was also a liberal contributor to 
the medical press and one of the foremost medical men of his 
day in Indiana. Dr. Israel B. Washburn married Martha A. Moore 
of I-ogansport. Of their eight children four are still living. The 
mother now makes her home in Virginia. 

Dr. Ira M. Washburn came to Rensselaer when tliree years of 
age. He grew to manhood in this locality and from the public 
schools he entered Purdue University where he was graduated 
Bachelor of Science in 1896. In the fall of the same year he 
entered Rush Medical College at Chicago, but had previously read 
medicine under his father's direction. While a student in Chi- 
cago he enlisted as hospital private for the Spanish-American war. 
He became a member of Company K First Infantry, Illinois 
National Guard. Subsecjuently he was promoted to the rank of 
hospital steward. He was one of tlie comparatively few \olunteers 
who got into actual service, and was present at the siege of 
Santiago. He received his honorable discharge from the arn:y 
December i, 1898. 

Reentering Rush Medical College, he remained there until 
graduating M. D. in 1900. Since then for fifteen years steadily he 
has practiced at Rensselaer, and succeeded to much of the practice 
which his father had enjoyed and has built u]i a large and influential 
clientele of his own. 

He is a luember of the North American Association of Rail- 
way- Surgeons, the Monon Railway Surgeons Association, the 
American ^Medical Association, the Indiana State Medical Associa- 
tion, the -Tenth District Medical Society and the Jasper and New- 
ton Counties Medical Society. Fraternally he is affiliated with the 
Masonic Order. On June 10, 1903, Doctor Washburn married 
Elsie M. Watson. Their four children are named Josephine. Mary, 
Nathaniel and Elsie. , 

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Hr.NKY Amsler. Some of the most progressive of Jasper 
County's citizens came from the West rather than from the East, 
which is the usual movement in the progress of migration. In this 
class is found ITenry Anislcr, who is a native of lUinois, in which 
stale he spent most of his years until his removal to Jasper County 
al)OUl tlflecn years ago. Mr. Amsler is a veteran of the Civil war, 
and laid the foundation for his material prosperity in the rich farm- 
ing tlijtricts of Central Illinois. Though now a resident of Rcns- 
scl.ier, he is one of the extensive land holders of Jasper County. 

A nati\e of Woodford County, Illinois, he was born there 
December 5, 1838, a son of John and Anna (Brock) Amsler. Both 
his parents were born in the little Republic of Switzerland, were 
reared and married there, and while able to provide for their needs 
by the simple and limited possibilities of fann husbandry in the 
old country, they were induced by the promise of greater oppor- 
tunities in the New World to come to America, and accomplished 
that journey, then a very difficult performance, during the closing 
years of the decade of the '20s. There were no steamships cross- 
ing the Atlantic at that time, and the sailing vessel on which they 
took passage was two months on the voyage. For about four years 
they lived in Pennsylvania, then moved west and for one year 
farmed in what is now a part of the City of Peoria, Illinois. From 
there they went to W^oodford County and later to Tazewell County, 
where they spent the remaining days of their lives. They were 
the parents of nine children, one of whom was born in Switzerland, 
and four of them are still living. 

The youth and early manhood of Henry Amsler was spent in 
assisting in the work of the home farm in Illinois. His entire 
attendance at school did not aggregate more than eighteen months. 
At the age of twenty-one he started out for himself, and as might 
be truthfully said he began at the bottom of the ladder of life, and 
with the exception of the time while he was in the army has always 
followed fanning and agricultural pursuits. For about ten years 
he was engaged in agriculture in Woodford County, but with that 
exception his home was in Livingston County, Illinois, until his 
removal to Jasper County. In August, 1901, he came to this county, 
and has since had his home in Rensselaer, but owns and looks after 
the cultivation and management of about 700 acres of land in the 

On November 11, 1866, Mr. Amsler married Miss Emma J. 
Clark. She was bom in Franklin County, New York, January i, 
1849, a daughter of Jonas and Martha (Mills) Clark, who spent their 
declining years in Jasper County with Mr. and Mrs. Amsler. They 
both died here, and each was about ninety-three years of age at the 
time. Mr. and Mrs. Amsler have become the parents of five chil- 
dren. Bert married Miss Ehza Clark, and they have four 
children : Myrtle, who married Floyd Spain, and they have one child, 
I^crl, two months old, Ralph, William and Geraldine. James 

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Anisler, the second son, married I\liss Nettie Eldrcd, and their three 
children are Theodore, Delia and Sylvester. Iva married Jesse Car- 
valho, and they have two children, Alilton and Lorene. Myrtle mar- 
ried Irving Jones, and they have six children, Josephine, j\Iildred, 
Lewis, Gerald, Clark and Louise. Floyd married Aliss Opal Sei-- 
bert, and their only child is Floyd Seibert. ■Mrs. Amsler, the mother 
of these children, has ever been faitliful to her religious duties in 
the Methodist Episcopal Church, in which sh.e is an oflicial in the 
Ladies' Aid Society and the Ladies Foreign ^Missionary Society. 

In politics Mr. Amsler has supported the republican candidates 
since casting his first vote for Lincohi in i860. When tlie Civil 
war threatened the disruption of the Union he enlisted at one of 
the critical times in the struggle on August 27, 1862, in Company F 
of the Eighty-fifth Illinois Infantry. He went to the front at Louis- 
ville, Kentucky, and a few days later was first under fire in the 
Battle of Perryville, Kentucky. His regiment participated in a 
number of minor engagements and also in the great battle of Stone 
River, though owing to illness Mr. Amsler was not present at that 
engagen:ent. Later he fought at ^Missionary Ridge and was also on 
the expedition sent to relieve Kno.xville. He rejoined Sherman's 
command in time to participate in the great campaign through North- 
ern Georgia, and was in much of the hundred days' fighting between 
Chattanooga and Atlanta, and participated in the siege and fall of 
Atlanta, one of the chief strategic centers of the Confederacy. After 
the capture of Atlanta he continued with Sherman's armies in 
their splendid march to the sea, cutting a swath across the Empire 
State of Georgia sixty miles wide, thence went up through the Caro- 
linas, and ended his military career in the Grand Review at Wash- 
ington. He was discharged with the rank of sergeant in July, 1865, 
after nearly three years of continuous service. Mr. Amsler is one 
of the esteemed members of the Grand Army of the Republic in 
Jasper County, and he and his wife are members of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church. 

JuDSON H. Perkins. The present clerk of the Jasper County 
Circuit Court has been identified by residence with Newton and 
Jasper counties for more than thirty-five years. His career before 
coming to Indiana was passed largely as a teacher, and in Jasper 
and Newton counties he was for a long time a successful agricultur- 
ist, and for more than twenty years has been a resident 
of Rensselaer and was engaged in business until his election to his 
present office. Mr. Perkins is a well informed and courteous ofifi- 
cial, a master of the details of his office, and has succeeded in his 
ambition in making the performance of his duties an important 
factor in the smooth and cxpetlitious administration of justice in 
his county. 

Judson H. Perkins was born in JMichigan on a farm near 
Adrian in Lenawee County May 8, 1847. His parents were Elmeron 


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and Eliza B. (Church) Perkins, his lather a native of Warren 
County, New York, and his mother of Eastern New York. Elnieron 
Perkins was a farmer, and became a pioneer of Southern INIichi- 
gan, settling: in Lenawee County of that state ahout the middle of 
the decade of the "30?. lie continued to live in Michigan until 
iSv''. and then moved out to Grundy County, Illinois, where he 
died November ly, 1881. Of a family of five children three are 
still living. 

iii.]--n;i 11. Perkins was nine years old when the fr^mily went to 
Jilinoi.-i, and he grew to manhood in that state. By a good deal of 
self-sacrifice and hard work he accomplished his early ambition to 
secure a liberal education. He attended country schools and also 
the public schools at Morris, Illinois, the IMorris Classical Institute, 
and finished his training in the Illinois State Normal School at 
Jjloomington. In the meantime he had qualified for teaching and 
for several years alternated between the schoolroom in which he 
was instructor and the institutions in which he was pursuing his 
own higher education. For fourteen school years Mr. Perkins did 
some very able work as a teacher in Illinois, five years of that time 
being spent as superintendent of the Gardner Public Schools. 

On March 31, 1875. he married Miss Ada Brumbach. Four 
years later, in 1879, he came to Newton County, Indiana, where he 
had jjreviously purchased land, and began the work of its develop- 
ment and continued as an agriculturist in that county until the 
spring of 1891. He then sold his Newton County property and 
moved to Marion Township in Jasper County, where he continued 
farming until 1893. In that year he came into Rensselaer, and was 
engaged in the windmill and jaunp business at the county seat until 

In the uieantime, in 1910, Mr. Perkins, who for many years 
has been interested in local affairs and a figure in local politics, was 
elected to the office of Circuit Court clerk and took up the active 
duties of that office in 1912. In 1914 he was reelected, but at this 
writing has not yet begun his second term. He is a republican, and 
a member of the Baptist Church. 

Mr. and Mrs, Perkins have two children of their own. Stella, 
wife of Jay W. Stockton of Rensselaer; and Ethel C, who is now 
deputy clerk under her father. Mrs. Perkins died February 19, 
1909. In 1889 they took into their home a small boy, whose adopted 
name is Samuel G. Perkins and he is still a member of the Perkins 

Frakcis M.arion Parker. It is now nearly seventy years since 
the Parker family became identified with Jasper County. They were 
pioneers in the true sense of the word. When a consideration is 
had of the effective forces which brought about the county of the 
present time, a large share of credit must be given to such families 
as the Parkers. They were here in the log cabin stage of develop- 

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ment. There were few roads when they came, and they helped 
to make highways, develop cultivated tracts of land, build better 
homes, establish schools and churches, and in every way they used 
their influence to promote what is good and uplifting in a com- 

Buiiyan Parker, who was the leader of this family into the 
wilderness of Jasper County, arrived during the late fall of the 
year 1847 ^"'l settled in 'Gillam Township. With him came his 
wife and five sons and four daughters. One son had died in infancy 
in Oliio. Bunyan Parker and wife were both natives of Penn- 
sylvania, were substantial fanning people, and had come from tlie 
vicinity of Urbana, Ohio, to Indiana. Bunyan Parker was born 
February 21, 1796, and about 1825 he married jMary Haines, who 
was born July 27, 1805. When still a boy J^unyan Parker enlisted 
and served as a soldier in the \^'ar of 1812. 

After spending one winter in Gillam Township the family moved 
in the spring of 1848 to Barkley Township, where Bunyan Parker 
spent, the rest of his days until his death on October 22, 1875. He 
and his family had accomplished the journey from Ohio lo Jasper 
County by horses and wagons. He had always lived in a n'ooded 
country, and like many of the early settlers he could not believe 
that the prairie land was equal in fertility and other advantages 
to that which was covered by a heavy forest growth. Therefore on 
settling in Barkley Township lie located in the midst of the woods, 
and cleared off many acres to convert it into a farm. He was a 
t3'pic?il pioneer, hard working and thrifty. He had an inherent 
horror of debt, and what he could not buy he usually did without. 
Honest to the cent, as was the usual case of most of the early 
settlers, he commanded universal respect. He was an ideal neigh- 
bor and was helpful in every form of individual distress in the 
community. Of his children only one is now living. One of the 
sons, Plenry Jackson, served in the Union Army during the Civil 
war and was fatally wounded at Chickamauga. He was in Com- 
pany A of the 87th Indiana Volunteer Infantry. 

Francis Marion Parker, of Rensselaer, the only serviving child 
of the late Bunyan Parker and wife, has spent his active career as 
a prosperous fanner, and has a range of recollection and experience 
in Jasper County such as is possessed by few living citizens. He 
was bora in Ohio October 20, 1843, and was only four years of age 
when the family moved to Jasper County. His boyhood days were 
spent in an intermittent attendance at such ])ublic schools as were 
kept up in this county during the decade of the '50s, but he developed 
his capacity for hard work by helping to grub, clear, plant and har- 
vest. At the age of twenty-one he started out for himself as a 
farm hand, but after about a year he returned home owing to the 
advanced age of his father, and assumed most of the responsibrli- 
ties about the old homestead. 

He continued in that way until he was twenty-five, and then on 

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November 23, 1868, he married Mahala J. Walker. She \yas boin 
Septcir-lier 20, 1841, daughter of Samuel Walker. Soon after his 
marriage Mr. Parker began farming on his own responsibility. 
That has been his steady vocation down to the present time, though 
his prosjierity and the fruits of many years of well directed labor 
have cr.abled him to take life somewhat leisurely. He now owns 
.}n acres of [a.-^per County lands, djvided into two separate farms. 
Id iSy^ Mr. Parker moved to the northern suburbs of Rensselaer, 
aiwi has since lived there, enjoying the comforts and conveniences 
of town life and at the .same time supervising his farming interests. 
.\!rs. Parker died December 14, 1913. She was a member of the 
Christian Church. To their marriage were born five children : 
I-aiira, who died in infancy; Korah A., who died April 11. 1906, 
married Mi.''s Bessie Makeever and had two children; Oren P., a 
merchant at Rensselaer; Clara E. is the widow of John Andrus, who 
died November 29, 1912, and their only son John Francis died 
March J4, 1913; and Wayne Dee died February 27, 1906, when still 
a young man and while pursuing his studies preparatory to a pro- 
fessional career. Mr. Parker is a member of the Christian Church 
and in politics is stanchly aligned with the prohibition cause. 

Rr.xsSEL.\EK's C.VTHOLic HiSTORY. In order to afiford an 
appropriate sketch of Catholic institutions in and about Rensselaer 
liberal use will be made of an article which apjjeared in the Indiana 
Catholic and Record of April 30, 1915. While there are a large 
number of Catholics in and around Rensselaer and St. Augustine's 
Church and Parish is one of the most flourishing among all the 
churches of Jasper County, the Catholic people of Indiana think 
of l\cnsselaer chiefly for its associations with St. Joseph's College, 
which was established many year ago by Bishop Dwenger. His 
purpose was to build up an ideal preparatoiy seminary for the 
training of boys for the priesthood, and consequently none but 
Catholic students have been received in the school. This institu- 
tion from its beginning has been under the direction of the Fathers 
of the Precious Blood. Around the college building are beautiful 
grounds and campus, comprising a large body of land, and there is 
now a notable group of college buildings, including the college 
proper, dormitories, chapel, etc. 

While the present St. Augustine's parish dates from about 1887, 
Rensselaer was the center of Catholic activities from a much 
earlier time. About 1867 Bishop Luers of Fort Wayne organized 
St. Joseph's Catholic Church as an adjunct of St. Joseph's Orphan 
Asylum and Manual Labor School. The orphan asylum was con- 
ducted until 1S87, when the orphans were removed to Lafayette 
and to Fort \\'ay!ie. About nine hundred acres of land were ac- 
quired for the asylum and manual labor school. These groiwids 
were situated about a mile from the county seat, and a number of 

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buildinos and other iiii])rovcments were made, including the original 
clunch building. 

In July, iSi^2, Rev. Mathias Zumbuelte began to build the pres- 
ent brick church at Rensselaer, 37x80 feet at a cost of about 
five thousand dollars. It was completed and dedicated January 18, 
1885. At that time the number of souls in the parish was about one 
hundred fifty. A portion of the present clunch grounds, six lots, 
had been bought by Bishop Luers' The first resident pastor was 
Reverend George L. Willard. 

In October, 188S, the bishop gave the Society of the Precious 
Blood charge of St. Augustine's congregation at Rensselaer. The 
first of these fathers appointed pastor was Rev. Anthony Dick, 
C. PP. S., who remained as pastor until July, 1891. After 
him came Father Stanislaus Neiberg C. PP. S. While he 
was pastor the church had many improvements, including 
new windows, new altars, a beautiful chandelier, and the debt of 
six hundred dollars was discharged. Father Neiberg was also 
a professor in St. Joseph's College. From September, 1895, until 
February, 1897, the pastor was Rev. Francis Schalk, C. PP. S. 
He was succeeded by Rev. Father Bernard Dickmann, C. PP. S., 
who on account of illness went South. After him came Rev. 
Edward Jakob, C. PP. S., who remained until June, 1899. Rev. 
Charles Notheis, C. PP. S., was local pastor for three months, 
from June to September, 1899. Rev. Thomas Meyer, C. PP. S., 
was pastor of St. Augustine's until September, 1909. During his 
pastorate a two story brick schoolhouse was built, being dedicated 
in August, 1903, by Bishop Alerding. It was opened in September of 
the same year with about sixty-seven children, and under charge of 
the Sisters of the Most Precious Blood. In July, 1905, six lots 
adjoining the church property were bought for $3,500. The Sisters' 
residence is on one of these lots. The church grounds now com- 
prise an entire block. 

Since September, 1909, the pastor of St. Augustine's has been 
Rev. Christian Daniel, C. PP. S. Father Daniel has done much 
constructive work at Rensselaer, and has kept up the cordial relation- 
ship which has always existed between the Catholics and non- 
Catholics of this community. In 1910 the parochial residence was 
completed, and in the same year a new furnace was installed in the 
church. In 1912 the school was fitted with new desks, and a number 
of other improvements have been effected about the church and 
school property. There are about eighty children enrolled in the 
school taught by five Sisters of the Precious Blood Order. 

St. Joseph's College is one of the institutions of which the 
people of Jasper County are particularly proud. It has educated 
many young men now distinctive among the leading clergy and 
laity of the country. In 1889 Bishop Dwenger of Fort Wayne 
offered Father Henry Drees, C. PP. S., then Provincial of the 
Society of the Precious Blood, a tract of land on the edge of the 


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Big Slough Kwaiiips a niile south of Rensselaer on condition, that 
he and his associates would found an institution dedicated per- 
petually to the training- of Catholic youth. Father Henry accepted 
the offer little thinking that with his word would go many a year 
of hard toil and cxpemiiture hy the Society of the Precious Blood 
of several hundred thousands of well earned dollars before the 
quarter century mark of its existence wouH be passed. Articles 
of incorporation of St. Josejih's College were filed in the office of 
the state auditor in the spring of 1S89. Stone was secured from a 
nearby quarry and brick burned on the grounds, and the early 
stages of this arduous undertaking were entrusted to Father 
Anthony Dick. C. PP. S., already mentioned as the first pastor of St. 
Augustine's Parish. The cornerstone of the main building was laid 
in 1891. Bishop Dwenger, who in the meantime had passed to his 
reward, did not even see this much of the venture carried into effect. 
The south wing of the main building was completed during the 
summer of 1891 by Father Augustine Seifert, C. PP. S., and the 
institution was opened to fifty-four classical students in the fall 
of the same year. The needs of the college rapidly outgrew the 
quarters, and the new north wing was added in 1893, pro\-iding 
space for a large chapel room, an auditorium and a drill room for 
the military company. Tlie Faculty Building, then known as the 
Minim Building, was built during the spring and summer of 1897, 
and opened to classes of junior students in the fall of that year. 
At tliat time the total enrollment was one hundred two. 

In the summer of 1899 Rev. Augustine Seifert was called away 
to reorganize the Seminary of the Precious Blood Society and 
Father Benedict Boebner, C. PP. .S., who had previously been an 
instructor in English and Latin at St. Joseph's and an energetic 
director of many public activities of the student body, was named 
president in his stead. During his administration many improve- 
ments were made in the college campus, parks and surroundings. 
Father Augustine returned to the institution as its president in the 
fall of 1902. The year 1904 saw the erection of a spacious gym- 
nasium to afford the proper space and arrangements for gymnastics, 
entertainments, rhetoricals and music. The opening of this build- 
ing in the spring of 1905 was the signal for another large increase 
in the student body, which during the year reached 200. 

In 1907 a large infirmary building, known as Dwenger Hall, was 
added to the group. 

The construction of a beautiful college chapel was undertaken 
during the years 1898-99. This church is one of the largest and 
finest devoted exclusively to the student body and other inmates of 
the institution among the Catholic colleges in the state. During 
1911-12 a power plant, electric light plant, waterworks system' and 
underground heating and wiring installation were completed. 

In the spring of 1913 Father Augustine after many y^ars of 
successful and incessant labor resigned as president and was sue- 

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cecilcd in tlie office by Rev. Huge Lear, C. PP. S., who has been a 
nienibcr of the faculty since 1899. 

Soon after he took charge some extensive alterations were be- 
gun in the gymnasium building. The work was nearly completed 
when the building was destroyed by fire from an unknown cause 
in the spring of 3914. The Society of the Precious Blood promptly 
came forward with the funds necessary for rebuilding, and at a 
cost of over $120,000 a building nearly twice the size of the one 
destroyed was opened for use at the beginning of the academic 
year in 191 5. Two gymn-isium rooms have been provided, one in- 
tended for basketball and other indoor games, So feet long by 50 
feet wide; and tlic other intended for jjermaneTit fixtures, 40 feet 
long and 42 feet wide. There are locker rooms and other facilities 
to accommodate 400 students. 

The college auditorium accommodates 800 persons. Tiiere 
is a library with a capacity for 40,000 vohmies, a large reading 
room for both students and professors, play rooms, club 
rooms, and laboratory facilities to accommodate sixty students 
working simultaneously. The far-sightedness of the founders of the 
institution left it with nearly eighty acres of campus, laid out in 
gardens, parks, ball grounds, tennis courts, tracks, shady nooks and 
walks. Thousands of trees have been planted on these grounds by 
the students themselves. A concrete lined poo! affords the means 
for the healthful sports of swimming and skating. 

Great as has been the usefulness and influence of St. Joseph's 
College in the past, it is destined to effect and vitalize the lives 
of many thousands of Catholic young men who will take their 
places among the coming generations. 

Wii-Li.AM Pekry Baker. One of the pioneer personalities who 
gave the strengtli of their character and tlieir industry to the up- 
building of Jasper County was the late William Perry Baker and 
the record of his life runs like a thread of honor and integrity 
through th? greater part of Jasper County's history since the time 
of early settlement. It was not in the conspicuous and abnormal 
events of the world that he figured, but in the commonplace routine 
of duty, in the fulfillment of his obligations as a man and citizen, 
and he deserves an enduring place in this historical record. 

It was on Christmas Day, 1913, that William Perry Baker went 
to his final reward. He was bom on a farm near Bucyrus in Craw- 
ford County, Ohio, August 14, 1838, and had therefore completed 
three-quarters of a century of life. His parents were Benajah and 
Mary (Houk) Baker, and of their nine children only one is still 
left. In 1852 the family moved from Ohio to Jasper County, Indiana. 
This county was then sparsely settled, only a comparatively few 
farms had been broken out from the woods and the prairies, and 
all life and customs were still on a primitive basis. The Baker 
family were not rich when they came to Jasper County and their 

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first locrtion was on tlie farm ijow owned by Granville Moody. Sev- 
ern! years later the father acquired land of his own, and in the more 
than sixty years since tlieir advent the name has always stood for 
solid attainments. 

.'^iiice he was fourteen years of age until his death William Perry 
r.akcr was a rcsideni of Jasper County. On May 2, 1856, he mar- 
ried Maria Rces. He was an e.xcejitionally hard working and in- 
d'.istridus man. Both he and his wife lived exemplary lives and 
tliroiii^'h their frugality accumulated considerable property. .Mr. 
Baker was one of the old-fashioned characters now passing 
away. With only a limited schooling, he possessed an unusual fund 
of good practical sense. His marked characteristics were his love of 
liomc, liis industry and economy, and his rigid and unswerving 
lioncsiy and his unblemished character as a man and citizen. 

iVlr. Baker was born May 29, 1844, i" Barkley Township of 
Jasper County, a member of one of the first pioneer families. Her 
parents were Major John and Eliza G. (Hogue) Rees, who found 
a home in Barkley Township along with or soon after the coming 
of the ver\' first settlers. Mrs. Baker grew to woinanhood in 
Jasper County, becairie one of the early teachers, and was her hus- 
Wnd's valuable aid in many of his business transactions. She died 
October 9, 1914. She was a Presbyterian by early training, but in 
later life with her husband joined the Methodist Church. 

The Rees family was of a mingled Scotch and Welsh ancestly, 
and in the various generations back as far as record goes there was 
a minister of the Presbyterian faith in almost regular succession. 
Eliza G. Hogue, the mother of Airs. Baker, was of a family that 
settled in \'irginia, probably near Richmond, in colonial days, and 
she herself was a native of that state. The Hogues became extensive 
planters and slave owners. Rev. Mr. Hogue, the grandfather of 
Mrs. Rees, left to each of his children, among other property, two 
slaves. For forty years or more he had charge of one church in 
old Virginia. 

To Mr. and Ivlrs. Baker were bom two children. The son, Law- 
rence W., is now a resident in the West. Vivian, the daughter, 
married Clement Taylor Boicourt, and is now living at Rensselaer, 
Indiana. She is the mother of three children : Loren Edwar^, Hill- 
man Eugene and Frances Leona. Mrs. Boicourt is a member of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church. 

Clement T. Boicourt was a native of White County, Indiana, 
born near Wolcott July 15, 1874. He grew to manhood there and 
received a practical education, having been a graduate of the Wolcott 
High School. He later entered a dry goods store and continued as a 
salesman for some time, and it was while engaged as a clerk that he 
became acquainted with Miss Vivian Baker, to whom he was married 
on the 3rd of February, 1903. He then engaged in ihe dry goods 
business in Wolcott, thus continuing froin 1903 to 1914, and closing 
out the business only on account of ill health. Soon a-fter the death 

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of his father-in-law, \\'iniam P. Baker, he moved to Rensselaer with 
his family, and resided there until his death, May 4, 1915. Mr. 
Boicourt was a memher of the Methodist Episcopal Church, which 
he joined when hut ten years of a[je, and continued as a faithful 
member, lie was a gentleman of the strictest integrity and honor, 
and was held in the highest esteem by all who knew him, a.nd his 
friends and acquaintances were many. At his death he left a fatlicr, 
E. J. Boicourt, and a step-mother at Wolcott, also a brother at 
Beach Wood, Indiana, and his widow and three children. 

Fr.aNk FoI-TZ. There has been a marked tendency in recent 
years for men to leave the professions and the strenuous walks of 
commercial endeavor and engage in the "back to the land" move- 
ment. This has been the experience of Frank Foltz, who for many 
years was actively engaged in the practice of law at Rensselaer, 
but who is now entirely out of .the profession and gives the full 
scope of his energies to the management of several farms in Jas- 
per County. Mr. Foltz may be said to be a farmer to the manner 
born, and in giving up his profession in favor of agriculture is 
merely responding to the call of his first love. 

Frank Foltz was born July 20, 1S59. his birth place being half a 
mile south of Romney, near LaFayette in Tippecanoe County. His 
parents were Cyrus and Mary A. (Rogers) Foltz, the former a 
native of Pennsylvania and the latter of Indiana. Cyrus Foltz was 
a farmer in Tippecanoe County, moved from there into White 
County in 1868, lived on a farm south of Wolcott until the spring 
of 1870, and then moved to Oxford in Benton County, where he 
engaged in the meat market business. He died at Oxford in 1885. 

Frank Foltz was about eleven years old when the family re- 
moved to Oxford, and in that village most of his early associations 
were formed, and under the direction of his father he learned the 
butcher trade. It was there too that he received the greater part of 
his scholastic training. While his education has been self acquired 
in the greater part, it has not been necessarily limited below the 
standards of liberal accomplishment. For the training which he 
has found of most value in life Mr. Folz gives credit to B. F. 
Johnson, ex-state statistician, and to Judge Simon P. Thonyison. 
His practical career began in 1876, when seventeen years old, as a 
Benton County farmer. His father bought eighty-three acres three 
miles north of Oxford as the testing ground for his son's ap]:irentice- 
ship at agriculture, and it should be noted that this land is still 
part of Mr. Foltz's extensive land holdings. He was engaged in 
farming there until 1881, and then came to Jasper County to be- 
come manager of Judge S. P. Thompson's ranch near what is now 
■ Parr. A year later he returned to Oxford, and for several years 
continued as a farmer in the summer season and taught school dur- 
ing the winter term. Mr. Foltz took up the study of law in the 
winter of 1SS4-85 under the direction of Judge S. P. 'Thompson. 

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His father died in April, 18S5, and in March, 1886, he came with 
his mother to Rensselaer, where he earned his living as an employe 
in Ihe office of Judge Tiionipson and at the same time carried on 
his legal studies. Admitted to the har in the spring of 18S6, lie did 
his first practice before the courts of the justices of the peace and in 
the cmjiloy of Judge Thompson. When Judge Thompson was 
elevated to the bench in 1896, Mr. FoUz, Charles G. Spitler and 
Harry K. Kurrie entered into a partnership under the firm name of 
Foltz, Sjjitler & Kurrie. From this firm Mr. Kurrie retired in 1904 
and as Foltz and Spitler it coritinued until January, 1910, when it 
was dissolved by mutual consent, ^fr. Foltz was in an individual 
practice until July, 191 1, at which date he leased his office and spent 
the next two years in closing up all his engagements and affairs as 
a lawyer. The last important act in his career as a member of the 
bar came in 1913 when he sold his law library and law fixtures. 
Since then he has given his undivided attention to his extensive 
farming interests. His holdings as a farmer comprise 692 acres of 
land, divided among four farms, three of which are in Jasper and 
one in Benton County. Needless to say he is one of the practical 
and most successful managers of the resources of the soil in 
Jasper County. 

Mr. rVitz is a republican, but has never sought and would never 
accept a public office. On October 20, 18S6, he married Miss Eva 
Kolb, daughter of Dr. Jonathan Kolb, who was an old time medical 
practitioner at Oxford, Indiana, until his death. Mrs. Foltz died 
September i, 1910. On May 21, 191 1, Mr. Foltz married Miss 
Blanche Hoyes, daughter of George W. and Hester A. (Nowles) 

Wii.i.i.\M Meveks. The late William Meyers was one of the 
fine substantial and prosperous citizens of Jasper County. He wa.s 
of German birth and parentage, had all the thrifty virtues of the 
fatherland and made a most admirable American citizen. He 
established his home in Jasper County on March 11, 1872, and be- 
fore his death his name was associated with the ownership of the 
most extensive and valuable tract of farming land in the county. 

Born in Hanover, Germany, July 5, 1817, he was christened 
John Friedrich William Meyers, but after coming to America was 
known simply as William Meyers. Reared and educated in his 
native country, when twenty-eight, in order to escape the compul- 
sory military duty imposed on all able bodied male citizens, he left 
the land of his birth and after a six weeks voyage on board a sail- 
ing vessel landed at New York City in 1845. He came directly on 
to Ohio, and for a time was employed as a farm hand near the 
city of Cincinnati on the banks of the Ohio river, near the town of 
California, While living there he met and married Mary Dinkle- 
man. With the encouragement and cooperation of a loyal and 
industrious wife he went on a farm as a renter, and had already 

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made a considerable advance toward an indcpendcrit competence 
when he moved in March, 1872, to Jasper County. Here he invested 
in land in A\"alker Township, and in that locaHly was for the greater 
part of his remaining years one of tlie most progressive farmers and 
stock raisers. • By economy and iiidustry he acquired some eight 
himdred acres of land — and this to a degree that is exceptional — 
represented entirely the work of his own hands and his intelligent 
management. William Aleyers had come to America without 
knowledge of language or customs of the New World. He learned 
to speak and read English by attending a kindergarten class in a 
Protestant Sunday School. He became an American in every sense 
of the word, was a law abiding, patriotic citizen, and could ever be 
depended upon to bear his share towards responsibilities which rest 
upon a community as a whole and which must be borne by individual 
citizens. At first he was a democrat, but in 1856 on the birth of 
the republican party cast his vote for General John C. Fremont, 
and from that time forward was loyal to the Grand Old Party. 
William Meyers died in 1899, being then past eighty years of age. 
His wife had passed away October 2, 1S91. Of their nine children 
six grew to maturity, and four are still living. 

Occupying the fifth position among these children of William 
and Mary Meyers, George F. Meyers was born July 18, 1862, near 
Cincinnati, Ohio, where were also born his brothers and sisters. He 
was ten years of age when brought to Jasper County and for more 
than thirty years has ])een one of the leading citizens, a teacher, 
farmer, real estate man and leader in public affairs. 

His boyhood days were spent on the home farm, and his body 
and mind were developed by the duties of the household and the 
fields and in the meantime he profited by attendance at the district 
schools. For five terms he had charge of a school in one of the 
country districts of Jas]ier County, and in the intervals of this work 
was also a farmer. Farming was his regular vocation up to 1S95, at 
which time he embarked in the real estate business at Kinman. 
Since 1902 Mr. Meyers has lived at Rensselaer and is one of the 
old established and reliable real estate dealers of the city. 

For one year he served by appointment as a member of the 
city council, and in 1909 was elected mayor and gave an administra- 
tion of that office through the term of four years wliich is still 
remembered gratefully by all friends of progress and improvement. 
Mr. Meyers is a republican. He was married February 16, 1890, 
to Anna L. Kennedy. Their two children are named Floyd and 

William I. Hoover. The unique honor of being the first demo- 
cratic sheriff of Jasper County belongs to William I. Floover of 
Rensselaer. It is also the consensus of opinion in the county that 
the office was never lillcd by a more capable man and in a more 
capable matuier than during the four years of Mr. Hoover's in- 

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cumbency. He has grown up in the county, has been known by its 
citizens all his life, and has a large acquaintance extending into 
every tov/nship. Since leaving office Mr. Hoover has been in busi- 
ness at Rensselaer, but most of his active life was spent as a farmer 
and stock man. 

Born on a fann in Marion Township of Jasper County, Febru- 
ary 19, 1870, William I. Hoover is a son of William M. and Nancy 
J. (Adams) Hoover. Mr. Hoover has two brothers. He grew up 
in his home township, and spent his youth in assisting in the work 
of the home farm and in attending neighboring district schools. At 
the age of twenty-one he started out for liimself as a farmer, but 
made his home with his parents until the age of twenty-six. On 
June 3, 1896, Mr. Hoover married Miss AltaMay Smith, daughter 
of Jesse Smith. Mr. and Mrs. IToover then started to make a home 
for themselves, he having bought 120 acres of land, and for several 
j'cars conducted his operations as a farmer in conjunclion with 
stock raising. 

A democrat in politics, Mr. Hoover has for a number of years 
been one of the leaders in the party and his own personal popularity 
has been an important element in the party strength. In 1908 he 
was the unsuccessful nominee of the democratic party for the office 
of sheriflf, but in 1910 overcame the opposition and won the election 
from the same rival with whom he had contested the campaign in 
1908. Mr. Hoover was elected by a majority of ninety-nine votes, 
and his election attracted special attention becaitse of the fact that he 
was the first democrat to have succeeded in getting himself chosen 
to that position. In 1912 his reelection came with a majority of 
599 votes. In 1914 Mr. Hoover was unsuccessful candidate for the 
office of county treasurer. Since 1912 he has been the resident agent 
of Rensselaer for the Ford motor car. 

Fraternally he is identified with the Knights of Pythias No. 82, 
the Modern Woodmen of America No. 4412 and the Improved 
Order of Red Men. Mrs. Hoover is a member of the Cliristian 
Church. To their marriage have been born four children : Victor 
P)., Frank Donald, William Emmet, now deceased; and Irene. 

D.'IlVid PI. Yeoman. It is doubtful if Jasper County has a, more 
widely and better known citizen than Capt. David H. Yeoman of 
Rensselaer. It is certain that no one has more interesting associa- 
tions with Jasper County's history and growth. It will be recalled 
that members of the Yeoman family including his father and his 
maternal grandfather were the very first white settlers on the site 
of the present City of Rensselaer. Captain Yeoman made a splendid 
record as a soldier in the Civil war and is the present commander of 
the Grand Army Post at Rensselaer. While for more than half a 
''enlury he has owned and cultivated a large farm, his name has also 
been ))roniirient in public affairs, and members of the present genera- 
tion need not be reminded of his high position and value as a citizen. 

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On tile old Yeoman homestead in Jasper County he was born 
September 26, 1841, a son of Joseph D. and Sarah (Nowels) Yeo- 
man. Joseph D. Yeoman was born in Fayette County, Oliio, No- 
vember 17, 1S03. He married there Miss Sarah Nowels, a daughter 
of John Nowels. In tb.e early years of the decade of the ".^os JosejDh • 
D. Yeoman and John Nowels came to Jasper County, where so far 
as records are obtainable they were th.c first permanent white settlers. 
They located on the j^rescnt side of Rensselaer, but Joseijh Yeoman 
subsequently moved to Newton Townshij) and still laier to what is 
now Union 'i'ownshi]), and in the latter locality converted a tract 
of Government land into a substantial farm. He died there March 
12, 1846. He was one of the most industrious and influential of 
the very early settlers. His wife had the distinction of being the 
lirst white woman to come to Jasper County, and too much could not 
be said of her courage and fortitude in facing the dangers and priva- 
tions of life on the extreme frontier. She survived husband 
several years. These honored pioneers now rest in the Makeever 
cemetery. Their children were: Cynthia, who died in childhood; 
Helen, who was born Januarj' 4, 1833, and died October 13, i860, 
as the wife of David M. Warne; Thomas J., who uas born Septem- 
ber 26, 1837, the first white child born within the borders of Jasper 
County, and died February 17, 1S67; David H. ; and Sarah who 
married Frederick J. Lang of Jasper County. 

In the wild district of what was then Jasper County David H. 
Yeoman grew to youth and manhood. From boyhood he was fond 
of outdoor life and all the pursuits and activities of the new and un- 
developed country in which he was born. He attended one of the 
old fashioned log schoolhouses. Its floor was made puncheon, the 
seats were slab benches supported by pins, and the instruction was 
strictly limited to the three R's. There were few men or women 
either in that period who led the sedentar)' life of modern people, 
and book learning and culture were not so valuable as they are now 
considered. While Mr. Yeoman had only the bare essentials of a 
literary education, he learned and practiced all the arts of the free 
life of the farmer and hunter. He showed unusual skill as a 
hunter, and shot many deer and other kinds of wild game in Jasper 

It was this training no doubt that made him a good soldier when 
his country needed him. Early in the war he enlisted in the Forty- 
eighth Indiana Regiment, fought at the battles of Shiloh and luka, 
and then after about a year of service was discharged on account of 
disability at Corinth. Returning home he assisted in organizing a 
company of Home Guards, in which he was first lieutenant and 
drill master. Soon afterwards he assisted Edwin P. Flammond, 
afterwards colonel of the Eighty-seventh Regiment, and still later 
honored as a member of the Indiana judiciary, in recruiting a regi- 
ment. He went to the front with the new regiment, the Eighty- 
seventh, and became first lieutenant of its Company A. This regi- 


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inent took part in some of the <;reat campaigns which finally brought 
the war to a close in tlie western part of the Cojifederac) . He was 
in the Atlanta campaign, tlie lOO days' fighting, and from Atlanta 
followed Sherman to the sea, cutting a swath through the Cracker 
State sixty miles wide, being with the Fourteenth Army Corps. 
At the close of the war on account of his services he received the 
brevet rank of ca]>tain. Alter participating in the Grand Review 
at Washington, one of the grandest military parades given in the 
In^ior) of the United States, he was mustered out in June, 1865, and 
u.'is soon afterv/ard at home and actively resuming the quiet routine 
of agricultural life. 

The old Yeoman homestead which Captain Yeoman cultivated 
for some years finally came into his possession, and it was the basis 
for his business career, and in the old home he reared his children 
and gathered about him the many friends who hold him in such 
esteem. His fanning operations were for a number of years con- 
ducted on nearly 600 acres of land. 

On October 5, 1865, soon after he returned from the anny, Cap- 
tain Yeoman inarried Miss Mary E. Morris, daughter of James T. 
and Elizabeth (Hershman) Morris. The Morris famil) came to 
Jasper County in 1S51, and James T. Morris died here in April, 
1895, being survived by his widow. Mrs. Yeoman died October 4, 
1910, and is now at rest in the Weston Cemetery. To their marriage 
were born eight children, as follows: Elpha L. ; Dallas AI. ; \'ictor 
P. ; Daisy D. ; James F. ; Harriett M. ; David V. ; and Etta B. Har- 
riett is the wife of Albert Hopkins, of Rensselaer, and slie is a 
member of the Daughters of the American Revolution. Etta B., 
who was bom in 1873, died February 6, 1895. 

CajHain Yeoman is now the oldest member of the Alasonic Lodge 
at Rensselaer. He and his family were formerly members of 
t!ie .Methodist Church, but now belong to the First Presbyterian 
Church. He has at various times taken a veiy active part in local 
organizations. He served as president of the Jasper County Agri- 
cultural Society, as a member of the State Board of Agriculture, and 
was formerly prominent in Grange movements and was president 
of the State Alliance. As a soldier he was aligned with the great 
political party which carried off the principles for which the war 
was fought, but when that program had been effected he found him- 
self more in line with other political ideas. In 1884 he was a can- 
didate for the State Legislature on the democratic ticket. In 1892 
he was candidate for Congress as a populist. In 1898 he was demo- 
cratic candidate for joint representative of Jasper and Lake counties. 
In all these campaigns, while he was on the minority ticket, he 
showed such exceptional strength that he led his ticket by a large 
luimbcr of votes. 

Mariox L. SriTLEK. Probably no one name has been for a 
longer time and with mure of the honors that come from useful 

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service identified with Jasper and Newton Counties than that of 
Spitler. They came to tliis section of Indiana nearly eighty years 
ago. Their original home was Virginia, and from that state they 
brought the hospitable traits which have always distinguished the 
family. In the different generations the members have been up- 
right and conscientious citizens, have made creditable business 
records, have also figured in the professions, and have performed 
their share of both military and civil service. 

The late IMarion L. Spitler, who died at Rensselaer on November 
19, 1899, was the type of citizen whose career well deserves record in 
this publication. He was born in Warren County, Indiana, March 
12, 1836, and was a son of George W. Spitler, the founder of the 
family in this section of Indiana. George W. Spitler was a 
Virginian, and came West and after looking over the lands of dif- 
ferent sections finally located at what is now known as Beaver City 
in Newton County. Indiana. That was during the decade of the 
'30s. He had married back in Ohio, Malinda Hirschman, and they 
had three children that reached maturity: Marion L., Thomas J. 
and Virginia, the latter becoming the wife of Judge E. P. Ham- 
mond of Lafayette. George W. Spitler was one of the foremost 
figures of his day in Newton and Jasper counties. When Jasper 
County was created by separation from Newton he moved to 
Rensselaer, the new county seat, and lived there the rest of his 
days. He held various county offices, and among other attainments 
was a sound lawyer. He was killed by lightning in August, 1863. 
His two sons spent all their lives in Jasper County. 

Marion L. Spitler grew up in Rensselaer, and acquired his pri- 
mary education in the public .schools and then entered the noted old 
Indiana institution, Wabash College, from which he was graduated 
in 1854, with the degrees pjachelor of Arts and Master of Arts. For 
a time he was an educator, and also clerked in the store of Isaac 
D. Stackhouse in Rensselaer. He was the member of the family 
who made a military record which will always be prized by his 
descendants. During the Civil war he was a lieutenant in Com- 
pany A of the 87th Indiana Volunteer Infantry, and when he left 
the army was first lieutenant. From the anny he returned home, 
and in 1868 was elected county clerk of Jasper County and'served 
two terms of four years each. He also served a term in the State 
Legislature. On leaving the office of the county clerk he entered a 
partnership with Simon P. and David J. Thompson in the practice 
of law and in handling real estate. In 1896, when Simon P. Thomp- 
son was elected to the bench, Mr. Spitler retired from the active 
cares of life. He was a commanding figure in Jasper County, was 
often sought for advice, and inherited from his father the fine 
hospitality which always characterized his home life. Plis father 
before him was a democrat, but Marion Spitler after coming out of 
the war allied himself with the republican interests. He was 
generous to a fault, and kind and courteous at all times. 

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Marion L. Spiller married Mary E. Burnhani, wiio was born in 
(he State of ]\raine, and they first became acquainted in Kansas. To 
their marriasic were born nine children, and the four now Hving 
are: Marian E., wife of Ferman B. Leaming; Charles G. ; Maude 
1-,.; and Marion I.., who is now living in Oklahoma City. ^Ir. Spit- 
ler like his father before him, was affiliated with the Masons Lodge 
No. 125 and the Independent Order of Odd Fellows No. 143. 

Cliarles G. Spitler, who continues the family relationship in 
Inspcr County to the third generation, was born at Rensselaer 
rcliruary 18, 1868, and his schooling ended with the high school. 
.\t tlie age of nineteen he entered his father's abstract office, and 
has been chiefly identified with that line of business ever since. He 
now has the only complete set of abstract books in Jasper County. 
In politics Mr. S]>itler is a republican, and has served many years as 
city councilman and on November 13, 1913, was elected mayor, a 
position he still holds, giving an. elilicient administration to the muni- 
cipal affairs of that progressive little city. He is secretary and 
treasurer of the Commercial Club and in Masonry has attained the 
thirty-second degree of the Scottish Rite and is also affiliated with 
the Knights of PyHiias Castle Hall No. 82. 

On April i, 1886, Charles G. Spitler married Mildred B. Powell, 
daughter of John W. Powell, who is remembered as a former sheriff 
of Jasper County and is now living at Washington, D. C. Mr. and 
Mrs. Spitler have three children : Mildred E., wife of Delos M. 
Coen of South Bend ; Woodhull I. ; and Elizabeth V., wife of 
Horace i\l. Clark. Mr. Charles G. Spitler for years has been clerk 
of sales all over the county. He and his wife and children are 
members of the Presbyterian Church. 

Woodhull L Spitler, who was born December 14, 1887, is a 
graduate of the State University of Wisconsin, and is now 
associated with his father in the ab.stract, real estate and other lines 
of business. He was married September 2, 1913, to Edna M. Hau- 

Emv.'kRn C. E.xnLisii, M. D. The practical work and the 
influence of a capable physician are not to be measured by the 
ordinary standards of individual accomplishment. No profcssjpn 
has greater opportunities for real service to humanity, and though 
the work of the real doctor cannot be displayed by the same symbols 
which measure performance in the other industries and arts, it is 
nevertheless of such great human importance that it cannot be too 
frcciucntly emphasized. During the past twenty years one of the 
men who have worked conscientiously and with a high degree of 
skill in the performance of their duties as physicians and surgeons 
in Jasper County is Dr. Edward C. English. 

The name of Dr. English has become faniiliar to an ever 
widening circle of friends and patients since he first opened his 
office at Rensselaer in April, 1S96. He was born February 14, 1861, 

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at Danville, Illinois, a son of Joseph G. and Mary (Hicks) English. 
His father was one of the most prominent bankers at Danville, and 
for many years served as president of the Eirst National Bank 
of that city from its organization in 1S63. He was also a member 
of the State Board of Ecjualization of Illinois and well known over 
the State as a banker and citizen. He died at Danville in 1910 
at the age of eighty-nine. 

Dr. English was reared in his home city, and his training in the 
public schools was supplemented by a course at the Illinois Wes- 
leyan College in Bloominglon, from which he was graduated in 
1S84 with the degree Bachelor of Science. Then followed several 
years of varied occupation and experience, principally in the west- 
ern states. In 1S91 he took up the .study of medicine under Dr. 
M. S. Brown at Danville and in the same year matriculated at Rush 
Medical College in Chicago, where he was graduated M. D. in 1895. 
This preliminary training in one of the best known schools of 
medical instruction in the country was supplemented by one year as 
interne in the Wabash Railway Hospital at Moberly, Missouri, 
after which he came to Rensselaer, where for many years he has 
been in the front rank of physicians and surgeons in Jasper 
County. He is a member of the Jasper and Newton Counties Medi- 
cal societies and the State Medical Society and also the American 
Medical A,.ssociation. 

Fraternally his affiliations are with the Masonic order, Prairie 
Lodge No. 125, the Knights of Pythias, Castle Hall No. 82, and 
the Modern Woodmen of America, Camp No. 4412. In politics 
he is a republican. Dr. English has given some capable service as 
county health officer for four years, was for seven years on the 
County Board of Charities, and for a similar time was a member 
^of the City School Board at Rensselaer. 

On September ]i,.i889, Doctor English married Lucy Belle 
Brown of Danville, Illinois. They have two sons. Waller M. and 
Harry E. Doctor English and wife are members gf the Metho- 
dist Episcopal Church and he is one of the trustees of the organiza- 
tion at Rensselaer. 

Clark McColly and Benjamix D. McColly. While ihe 
McColly family was not identified with Jasper County in its earliest 
pioneer development, it has lived there and has made its influence 
and activities felt in many useful ways for nearly half a century. 
The late Gark McColly was one of the good and upright men of 
his generation, and did much to make the name respected in this 
county. Recently the citizens called his son, Benjamin D., from 
the ranks of prix-ate life to become sherifif of Jasper County, an 
ofiTicc in which his service is more than a justification of the confi- 
dence expressed in his ability by his many friends and political 

The late Clark McColly was born in Clark County, Ohio, INLay 

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;>4, i8i8, of Scolch-Irish ancestry. He grew to manhood in Ohio 
and received a good practical education, so that wlien still in his 
teens lie was engaged as a teacher. In Ohio he married Alary 
Hancc, and soon after that event, with his wife and with his 
])arents, Willis and Phoebe McColly, he removed to Delaware 
County, Indiana, where his parents spent the remainder of their 
lives. Clark McColly became a substantial farmer in Delaware 
Couiitv, and that he was well known there is indicated by the fact 
thai he was elected sheriff of the county in 1852. After one term of 
two years he was re-elected, and held the office four years. It was 
in 18*17 that Clark McColly brought his family to Jasper County, 
locating six miles north and west of Rensselaer in Marion Town- 
shij). Later in 1870 he moved to Bartley Township, where he had 
bought 160 acres. The greater part of his remaining years were 
sjjcnt in that locality but he died at his home eight miles north and 
west of Rensselaer. Clark McColly is perhaps best remembered in 
Jasper County for his many j'ears of capable service as justice of 
the peace. He possessed a considerable knowledge of the law, and 
was admitted to the bar, although he was not a lawyer in the 
jjresent sense of the term. "Squire" McColly, as he was generally 
known, settled more cases out of court than in. By natural endow- 
ment he jiossessed the judicial temperament and his practical sense 
and his judgment of fairness led him to be often called in to 
settle minor or even greater disputes arising in the community. 
I'hysically he was a little less than the medium build, but was 
energetic in everything he undertook, an admirable neighbor, kind 
and considerate. He was unusually well informed, and whenever he 
e>;i>ressed an opinion it was invariably based upoii good sense and 
sound judgment. In religious belief he was a Universalist, and in 
^jiohtics first affiliated with the whig and later with the republican 
j'arly. For many years he belonged to the Masonic fraternity, and 
was an ardent believer in its principles and teachings. His death 
occurred in 1895, survived by his widow until 1904. To them were 
boni a family of thirteen children, seven of whom are still living. 

Benjamin D. McColly, who has spent the greater part of his 
life in Jasper County, was born in Delaware County, Indiana, 
October 25, 1863, ^"d ^^'^s only four years of age when brought to 
Jasper County by his parents. He grew up on a farm, and his edu- 
cation came from the district schools. When twenty years old he 
started out for himself and for three or four years made himself 
useful and at the same time gained much practical experience as 
clerk in different stores. On April 20, 1889. he married ]\Ielvina 
E. Abbett, daughter of Abraham and Sarah E. (Abbott) Abbett. 

After his marriage Mr. McColly followed farming for a time, . 
and from 1892 to 1896 was deputy sheriff of Jasper County under 
C W. Hanley, the present judge of the 30lh Judicial Circuit, 
l-ollowing his term as deputy sheriff Mr. McColly lived at Chicago 
Heights, Cook County, Illinois, until 1912, and for the greater part 

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of that time was salesman for a bridge concern. On returning to 
Jasper County lie located at Rensselaer, and continued in bridge 
work until called to his present position, lie was elected sheriff in 
the general election of 1914, and began his oflicial duties early in 

Mr. McColly is a republican. To his marriage have been born 
four children: Eth(|l C. ; Nellie, wife of Carl Ileinz; Harry and 
Walter Delos. 

J.\v Wesi.f.v \^'ILLl.\M.s. There are some men who, when 
they die, a whole community mourns; who leave behind a fragrant 
memory of good deeds and kindly words, to be long treasured in the 
heart after they have passed away. Such a man was the late Jay 
W. Williams of Rensselaer, Jasper County, Indiana, whose period 
of earthly existence came to an end Novemljer 17, 1908, he being 
then in his sixty-fourth year. Mr. Williams was born in Marion, 
Ohio, April 14, 1845, his parents being Judge Joseph J. and Jane S. 
(Beatty) Wilfiams. He was reared and educated in the public 
schools of his native city and after graduation from the high school 
taught for one term. He then learned the tinner's trade in Marion, 
serving a three years' apprenticeship. It was during the war, in 
1S64, that he went to Nashville, Tennessee, to work at his trade, 
but after tv/enty days' stay there he returned to Ohio and enlisted 
in Company B, One Hundred and Thirty-sixth Ohio Volunteer In- 
fantry, on May 2, 1864, being mustered in May 12th. Two days later 
he was sent to the fron't. His mihtary service, however, was short, 
as, owing to ill health, he was mustered out August 31, of the same 
j'ear. Upon recovering his health he went to Logansport, Indiana, 
in December, 1864, and there worked at his trade until he went into 
the hardware business in that city, in company with his brother, 
John B., who had also served in the war and was a commissioned 
officer, having been made captain. In July, 1868, he moved to Kent- 
land, Newton County, Indiana, and was there engaged for a numljer 
of years in the hardware business. While a resident of that city 
he was married, June 29, 1871, to Miss Cordelia ]\Iakeever, who was 
born in the little log cabin home of her parents, Mr. and Mrs. John 
Aiakeever, in Newton Township, Jasper County, Indiana, April 29, 
1846. In April, 1883, Mr. Williams moved to Rensselaer, Jasper 
County, and embarked in the banking business with his father-in- 
law, ]\Ir. Makecver. Later he added the furniture business to his 
regular occupation of banking. In the meanwhile he acquired large 
real estate holdings, to which he devoted a considerable })art of his 
time, especially after he and Mr. Makeever had retired from bank- 
ing. A republican in politics, Mr. Williams served as a member 
of the county council in 1903 and 1905, and at the time of his death 
was a member of the city council. He was a Royal Arch Mason, a 
Knight of Pytliias and a member of the Grand Army of the 
Republic. When but a small boy he joined the Methodist niurch, 

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of which he was to the close of his life an earnest and ac(i\-e mem- 
Ijcr, for years holding oflicial positions therein, and was superin- 
tendent of the Sunday school for seventeen years. Kind, courteous 
and obliging, a Christian in the true sense of the word, he was one 
•who commanded universal respect and esteem. 3 le and his wife were 
the jiarents of one daughter, Mary Jane, who is now the wife of 
Charles H. Porter of Rensselaer. 

John C. I\L\RTi.\n.\i.r:. Death removed one of the conspicuous 
citizens of Jasper County when John C. Martindale died on Octo- 
ber 8, igiJ. For many years he had taken an active part in the 
public affairs of the county, and in his private industry was a highly 
successful farmer. 

One of a family of twelve children, fixe of whom are yet living, 
John C. Martindale was bom on a farm near I'ine village in War- 
ren County, Indiana, December 25, Christmas Day, 1846. His 
parents were Samuel and Elizabeth (Mahuron) Martindale, who 
were natix'es of Pennsylvania but gave to their children an inheri- 
tance of Scotch and Irish ancestr>'. In the very early days of War- 
ren county settlement they moved from Pennsylvania, making the 
trip overland in the old Conestoga wagon, and were the first to make 
homes in their locality of Warren County. On the pioneer home- 
stead of his parents John C. Martindale grew to manhood and 
acquired from his early associations and training those rugged qual- 
ities which persisted throughout his life and proved the basis of a 
noble and worthy career. He worked at home, gained such edu- 
cation as tlie district schools of his time could bestow, and when 
about twenty-five years of age took the im]>ortant step of marriage 
aiid the responsibilities of making a home not only for himself but 
for others. 

On September 18, 1S71. Mr. Martindale married Teresa Ben- 
jamin, a daughter of Jared Benjamin, a sketch of whom as one 
of the early settlers of Jasper County is found elsewhere in this 
publication. About 1879 Mr. and Mrs. Martindale moved to Jas- 
per County to make this their permanent home, and located on a 
farm in Newton Township. Possessing an indomitable energy, 
Mr. Martindale threw himself with vigor into the improvement of 
his land and into all matters pertaining to the general good. By 
his industry, self-denial and intelligent management he acquired 
240 acres of some of the best land in Jasper County. It was his 
reputation for practical good sense and natural ability as well as his 
standing in his home community that led to his election as a member 
of the county board for two terms. During his service as com- 
missioner he was largely instrumental in the construction of the 
new court house of which Jasper County people are proud and 
which as long as it remains will be an enduring monument to Mr. 
Martindale's honesty and good business judgment. In the disburse- 
ment of all the monies required in the building of this structure 


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not one word has ever been said except in praise of Mr. Martin- 
dale's connection therewith. For a number of years he also served 
as a member of the county council. In the fail of 1908 he removed 
to Rensselaer, though continuing to devote his attention to his exten- 
sive farming interests until his death. Mrs. Martindale is still liv- 
ing in Rensselaer, and has the comfort and solace of her two chil- 
dren, named jared B. and Nina D. Jared B. was for two years 
a student in the Rensselaer High School, after which he entered 
and completed the course in the High School at Dan\ilk, Indiana, 
and graduated from the State Normal at Terre Haute with the 
class of 1898. For three years he was then employed as a teacher, 
two years of the time serving as principal of a school in Indiana. 
Leaving the school room, he was for nine years engaged as a postal 
clerk on. the Monon Railroad, and is now employed in the post office 
department, as route agent from Rensselaer, where he resides. He 
married Miss Ora Donaldson, of Vigo County, Indiana, and they 
have two daughters, Thelma M. and Maxine F. He is a republican in 
political affiliations and a member of the Kniglits of Pythias fra- 
ternity. Mrs. Martindale is a member of the Christian Church. 
Nina D., the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. John C. Martindale, gradu- 
ated from the Rensselaer High School with the class of 1902, and 
entering the State University at Bloomington in the following year 
graduated in the literary course in 1910. After three years of 
teaching in Indiana she was oiTered a position as teacher at Spo- 
kane, ^^'ashington, but gave up the position on account of the ill- 
ness of her father, and resides at home with her inother in Rens- 

Few men have lived in Jasper County who exerted a better moral 
influence in the community tlian the late John Martindale. His life 
was clean and upright throughout — one that commanded respect 
from all sources. His religion was the Golden Rule and few men 
have succeeded in practicing that fundamental_ principle of right 
living more eftectually than John C. Martindale. 

Jared Benj.\mix. The foundation of the prosperity which all 
residents of Jasper County now enjoy was substantially laid ^many 
years ago by the type of pioneers of which one of the best repre- 
sentatives was the late Jared Benjamin, who died at Rensselaer 
August 16, 1906. 

His ancestry as well as his individual character and training well 
fitted him for the pioneer task which he undertook when he came 
to Jasper County. He was born October 10, 1820, in Fayette 
County, Ohio, a son of Jared Benjamin, while his mother belonged 
to the Yeoman family, a name which is likewise distinctive among 
the settlers of Jasper County. His two grandfathers, William 
Benjamin and Stephen Yeoman, served the colonies in their strug- 
gle for indejiendence against Great Britain, and both made records 
which are properly a matter of pride to their descendants. Wil- 

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liam Benjamin was present at the surrender of Burgoyne's army 
to General Gates and afterwards became owner of the house whicli 
tlic Britisli had used as a hospital and whicli is still owned by one 
of his descendants. Stephen Yeoman, owing to his intense loyalty 
to the colonial cause, drew down upon himself the especial enmity 
of his Tory neighbors, and he suffered almost inhuman persecution 
at their hands. 

In 1838 when eighteen years old, Jared Benjamin came to Jasper 
County, and secured a tract of bnd in Newton Township for which 
he paid the government a dollar and a quarter an acre. For a 
period of fifty-three years he lived on that land, and succeeded in 
converting it from an expanse of marsh, prairie and woods into 
fruitful fields and one of the most desirable farms in the entire 
county. He was also active in public affairs and highly esteemed 
for his many admirable qualities of mind and heart. In 1891 he 
removed to Rensselaer, and lived at the county seat until his death. 

On September 10, 184S, Mr. Benjamin married Miss Lettie Hal- 
stead, who is still living at Rensselaer and is now in advanced years. 
She was one of the early teachers of Laporte County. For 
one term of scliool she was paid wages amounting to twenty 
dollars and because she invested this in a cook stove, one of the 
first introduced into the county, it was freely predicted by some 
that her extravagance would involve her husband in financial ruin. 
The prophecy was never fulfilled, and throughout her life her inde- 
pendence of character was one of her best characteristics. To the 
marriage of Jared Benjamin and wife were born four daughters: 
Mary and Clarissa, who died in early childhood in 1858 from 
"milk sickness;" Teresa E., the widow of John C. Martindale; 
and Mattie. 

Aldeut J. Bellows. Among Jasper County's citizens whose 
well directed efforts have contributed to the development of the 
county, one \vhose career is a reflection of intetligert industry, 
devotion to the best interests of the community, is Albert J. Bellows, 
who for forty-five years has lived in this county and is now retired 
from the more active cares of life at Rensselaer. His career has 
brought him substantial prosperity and the respect and esteem 'of 
his fellow citizens, and his record is one of which his decendants 
will be justly proud. 

Of New England birth and ancestry, with an ancestral line 
connecting him directly with a soldier of the war for independence, 
his birth occurred in New Hampshire October 31, 1843. He is the 
the only sur\'ivor of a family of ten children born to tiie marriage 
of John W. Bellows and Melissa Ames. Mr. Bellows' grandfather 
was Isaac Bellows, and going back still another generation his 
great-grandfather was one of the patriots who helped to win inde- 
pendence for the thirteen American colonies. John W. Bellows, 
the father, was born in 1807, and was by occupation a farmer. In 

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1852 he moved wilh his family to Massachusetts, and from there 
ill 1857, came west, locating in Kankakee County, Illinois. 

Witli an education acquired jiartly by attendance at the schools 
of Massachusetts and j^artly in those of Kankakee County, Albert 
J. Bellows came to manhood in the latter state and locality, having 
been well trained to farm-life througli in's early experiences in 
assisting his father in the work of clearing, planting and harvest- 
ing. Few of the boys of his generation had opportunities for 
a liberal education, and his own sciiooling was confined to the 
advantages offered by the country schools. He gained a much more 
rugged and practical training in what might be called the school 
of "hard knocks," and has also been a man who keeps in close 
touch with the world by reading and observation. It was with 
mature deliberation and as a result of his inherent love for the land 
of free republican instiiutions that he volunteered his services dur- 
ing the closing years of the Civil war to the Federal government. 
For more than two years he was a member of Company K in the 
Fourth Illinois Cavalry, receiving his honorable discharge in 1866. 
His regiment while he was a member of it saw little of active fight- 
ing, siTice the war was already drawing to a close, and his duties 
were largely those of guarding the Federal positions in the South and 
Southwest, particularly in Texas, where he v/as stationed with the 
Federal troops for a number of months after the actual close of 
hostilities. On retuming from the army to Kankakee County, he 
engaged in farming several years, and in 1870 removed to Jasper 

For thirty-four years Mr. Bellows has followed farming in 
Carpenter Township, and the fruits of his labors during those 
years finally enabled him to retire to Rensselaer in 1906, and he has 
since spent most of his time in more or less nominal supervision 
of his interests. On September 21, 1876, he married ]\Iiss Jennette 
Dunbar. She was bom in Florida, but her parents, Asaph and 
!Mary (Doolittle) Dunbar, were of New England birth and ancestry. 
Her father was a contractor and it- was for business reasons that 
he moved South. Air. and Mrs. Bellows are the parents of two 
diildren: Alary Alelissa, now Mrs. Charles Alurphy of Berwyn, 
Illinois; and Edward, who married Ona AA^lson, and is a farmer 
in Caq:)enter To\\mship. In politics Air. Bellows is a stalwart 
reptiblican, having cast his first vote for President Lincoln in his 
second campaign during the ^\■ar, and having supported the candi- 
dates of the Grand Old Party regularly for riiore than fifty years. 
He and his wife are members of the PreslDyterian chvirch at Rens- 

Dexni.^ O'RiLEY. By the appointment of Dennis O'Riley to the 
position of postmaster at Remington, a •worthy honor v/as con- 
ferred upon a citizen who has been identified with that town and 


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its business life for l!ie past. twenty years, and who in all his rela- 
tions has been straightforward, capable and public spirited. 

lie was born at \'an Wert, Ohio, February 5, 1868, a son of 
Daniel and Helen ( Driscoll) O'Riley. Both parents were born in 
Ireland, and ins father, who died in 1890, became a railroad man 
after cnniini: to America, and for a number of years was a mail 
clerk between Crestline, Ohio, and Fort Wayne, Indiana. His body 
now rests in the cemetery at Delphos, Ohio. Of his children the 
tli'M. -till living arc Dennis; Ellen, the wife of John Flynn, of IJma, 
Oliio; and Daniel, Jr., who lives at Greentown, Indiana, and is 
dcjiuty gas inspector. 

The home of Dennis OT-Jilcy was at \'an \\'crt, his birthplace, 
until he was about twenty years of age. In the meantime he had 
atten.ded the country schools and he then completed his education 
by a one year course in the Ohio Northern University at Ada. Mr.- 
O'Riley is a baker by trade, has rendered his l)est service to the 
various communities in which he has lived by furnishing excellent 
food products. For about one year he was in the restaurant and 
bakery business at Ada, then moved to Frankfort, Indiana, followed 
his trade there for a short time, and his next location was at Flora, 
Indiana. Mr. O'Riley learned the baker's trade while in his native 
Town of \'an Wert. 

^^^^ile at Flora on Alay 4, i.Sgi, he married Miss Lucy Ferguson, 
daughter of John and Amanda Ferguson. There were two children 
by their marriage : Ralph, who is in the bakery business at Rensselaer 
and married Carrie Dedrech ; and Keith D., who is a carpenter at 
Greencastle, Indiana. The mother of these children died at Rem- 
ington, but was laid to rest at her old home town, Flora. 

After three years at Flora, Mr. O'Riley moved to Remington in 
fhe sunimer of 1893, and resumed his trade as a baker under C. W. 
Horner. He and S. W. Rawlings bought the Horner establish- 
ment in November, 1896, and they continued it together for three 
years. It was .sold in 1899 to W. C. Hallahan, after which Mr. 
O'Riley was baker for Fred Love for two years, then spent six 
months in a bakery at Greentown, Indiana, and returned to his trade 
in Remington in the fall of 1905. Fie continued actively in the 
same line of business until his appointment as postmaster. 

Mr. O'Riley entered upon his duties in the Remington post- 
office March 10, 1914, and every patron of that office has had reason 
to be thoroughly well satisfied with his administration. This is a 
third class postoffice, with four rural routes radiating from the 

On July 6, 189-I, at Remington, Mr. O'Riley married for his 
present wife Janie Shearer, a native of Jasper County. Her parents, 
Robert and Carrie'^f Undershot) Shearer were early settlers in White 
County and are yet living. Mr. and Mrs. O'Riley have one child, 
Helen V., still at home. She is a graduate of Remington High 
School, class 1914, and is now her father's assistant in the postoffice. 

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Mrs. O'Riley is a member of tlie Ladies' Aid Society of the Meth- 
odist Episcopal Cliurch. 

In poHtics he has been an active democrat, and was a member 
of the Ivcinington Town Board for nearly thirteen years, and that 
was the only official position to which he ever aspired. His service 
on the town board continued until a short time prior to his appoint- 
ment as postmaster. He is past chancellor of the Remington Lodge 
of the Knights of Pythias, Castle Hall No. 58; is a member of Rem- 
ington Lodge No. 351, of the Masonic order in the same place, and 
is present master, and is also affiliated with the Modern Woodmen 
of America, Camp No. 4608. Mr. O'Riley owns some property in 
Remington and is one of its most substantial citizens. 

William H. Berry. Shrewd business ability, capacity for 
persevering labors, appreciation of the many advantages of his 
vocation and belief in his own power to achieve success, has com- 
bined to make William H. Berry a successful man, and as such 
he is regarded in Jasper County, which has been his home for the 
greater part of the past fifteen years. He is the owner of one of 
the fine farms in that excellent agricultural district of Jasper County 
known as Marion Township. 

His life has been spent in many states and amid varied scenes. 
His birth occurred in the old Pine Tree State of Maine on August 
II, 1858. His father, Sabin J. Berry, w-as for a number of years 
a sailor on the Atlantic ocean. During the Civil war the vessel 
on which he sailed was captured by the famous Confederate cruiser 
Alabama, not long before the close of the war and before the close of 
the history of the Alabama, which shortly afterwards was engaged in 
battle and sunk by the Kearsarge. After being taken from the 
merchant vessel he was carried to England and finally made his 
way back to the United States. Apparently this was sufficient 
experience as a sailor, and he soon afterwards took up farming and 
moved to the Middle West, locating in LaSalle County, Illinois. 
He farmed in that county one year, then spent three years as a 
farmer in Tipton County, Iowa, returned to LaSalle County, and 
for seventeen years lived on a farm in Iroquois County, Illinojs. 
He finally removed to Tennessee, where he died in 1889. The 
maiden name of his wife was Isaliel King, and of their four chil- 
dren two are now living. 

The second child of the oldest son in his father's family, William 
H. Berry spent most of his early life in Illinois at home with his 
parents. His boyhood was spent in attending the district schools 
and in doing such work as he was able on the home farm, and when 
twenty-one he started out to make his own way in the world as a 
farm renter. Two years later, he was able from the proceeds of his 
hard work and economy, to buy eighty acres of land in Iroquois 
County, Illinois. He subsequently removed to Fayetteville, Ala- 
bama, was a merchant there two years and for the following four 

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years was in similar business lines at Bessemer, Alabama. Return- 
ing to Iroquois County he again resumed farming, and was also 
engaged in trading and merchandising for three years. 

Mr. Berry first came to Indiana in 1S98, locating in White 
County, where he had a farm near Monon for two years. In 1900 
lie moved to Jasper County, lived here five years, but failing health 
caused him to remove to Owen County, where he was a merchant 
five years. Since returning to Jasper County he has given his time 
and attention to the operation of his fine farm of 243 acres in 
Marion Township. 

In his political attitude Mr. Berry is a republican, and he and 
ills wife are members of the Presbyterian church. On May 26, 
1886, he married Miss Flora E. Lindley of Iroquois County, Illi- 
nois, daughter of Enoch and Malinda (Bales) Lindley. Her parents 
were Quaker people and substantial Illinois farmers. To their mar- 
riage has been born one son, Raymond L., who married ?>Iiss Carrie 
Gwin and is living at Danville, Illinois. They have one little 
daughter, Jannis. 

Isaac Newton W'.^rren. It is now fully sixty-fi\'e years since 
the Warren family became identified with Jasper County, and mem- 
bers of three successive generations have contributed the fruits of 
their character, experience, and ability to the life of the community. 
In the earlier generations were practical pioneers, who did their 
part in converting a portion of the wilderness into farms, and few 
families gave more of its members to the northern armies during 
the Civil war. Isaac Newton Warren, who represents the third 
generation, has been chiefly identified with the educational inter- 
ests of this section, was for a number of years superintendent of 
city schools of Rensselaer, and now is engaged in a successful enter- 
prise as a manufacturer of tile and building blocks at his home 
two miles north of the county seat. His services in all the rela- 
tions of life have been such as to establish for him a reputation 
for ability, resourcefulness and thorough public spirit. 

Born on a farm in Marion Township of Jasper County Octo- 
ber 30, 1869, Isaac N. Warren is a son of the late John Wesley 
Warren. The latter was born in (Jhio in 1834 and at the age -of 
sixteen was brought to Jasper County by his parents, Sanniel and 
Rhoda Warren. Samuel Warren on coming to Jasper County in 
the early days located on a part of Section 13 about two miles 
Northwest of Rensselaer, lived there for a number of years, but 
subsequently moved into town and died there. Pie was a fine 
type of the early settler both as regards his activities and his char- 
acter. In addition to farming lie also worked at the cooper's trade 
to a considerable extent, and made a number of chairs and baskets 
wiiich were used among the early settlers. In his habits he was 
thoroughly domestic, was unobtrusive and never sought ])ublic 
notice, though his ciiaracter was such as to command respect by 

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all wlio knew liiin. lie and liis wife had twelve children, all of 
whom reached mat-Lnity. It is one of the many lionorable dis- 
tinctions associated with this family name that practically all his 
six sons as well as the husbands of his four married daughters 
saw service in the Union army during the Civil war. Thus during 
tlic war times, though he was a man in advanced years, there fell 
upon him a great deal of responsibility in lookii]g after the inter- 
ests of his children. His descendants relate that when the family 
lived in Ohio, where all his children u'err born, Samuel Warren, 
after the day's work was done on the farm, would sit down on 
his bench and cobble hides into shoes while the mother would card, 
spin and weave materia! for the old-fashioned homespun cloth- 
ing. As a result of this experience Samuel Warren was well 
equijjped for his duties as a pioneer in Jasper County. 

John Wesley Warren, one of his sons, spent all his life on the 
farm. His ambition seemed to be to provide for the future of his 
children. No matter liou' urgent the work of the farm became 
and how greatly he was pressed for time and energy- to attend to 
his duties, his children were never kejH out of school in order to 
assist him. As a result his children all were well educated and 
became teachers. John W. A\'arren married Mrs. Rhoda (Coen) 
Sayers, a vridow with one child. They had four sons and two 
daughters. John A\'. Warren died on his homestead west of Rens- 
selaer in 1899. His first wife had passed away in 187S and in 1887 
he married Alice Hendricks, who became the mother of two chil- 
dren. Some years after the death of her husband ^Irs. Warren, in 
1913, married Mr. Kellogg and now lives in Lafayette. 

Isaac Newton \\'arren sjient his youth and early manhood on 
the old farm in Jasper County, and during that time gained a public 
school education, and in 1S91 graduated from the Rensselaer High 
School. In llie meaniime while pursuing his studies at Rensselaer 
he taught school one term, and immediately after his graduation 
took a position as a teacher in the grades at Rensselaer, remaining 
one term. In 1892 Mr. W^arren entered the State University at 
Bloomington. from which lie was graduated in 1897. In the mean- 
time he had paid most of his expenses through university by teach- 
ing. He S]3ent one year in Chicago and one year as principal of the 
high school at Sheridan. In the fall of the year following his grad- 
uation from university he became princi]ial of the Rensselaer Fligh 
School, remaining one year, and was then principal of the high 
school at LaPortc, Indiana, four years. The next three years were 
spent as principal of the Fort Dodge High School in Iowa. In 
1905 ^Ir. Warren returned to Rensselaer to become superintendent 
of the city schools, and it was his seven years in that capacity which 
has made his name best known in this community. In that time 
he did a great deal to raise the standards of the local schools, im- 
prove the facilities and adapt their work to the needs of a modern 
twentieth centui-)' community. Since leaving the schoolroom Mr. 

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W'arrcii has been engagctl in the manufaolure of tile and building 
blocks, and in thai coinicciion looks after tlie management of 
attractive little farm home of forty acres two miles north of Rens- 

On August 30, 1S96, Mr. Warren married Alice Irwin. They 
arc tiie parents of five children: Russell; Stuart; Carroll who 
died at the age of eight years; Howard; and Mary Alice. In pol- 
itic.-^ Mr. Warren is a republican, and is affiliated with the Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows. Both he and his wife are mem- 
bers of the Alcthodist Episcopal cluncli. 

Alton Gkant. The winning of a comfortable prosperity after 
many struggles with fortune, and the establishment and provision 
for a home and place as an honored and influential citizen of his 
community, is short measure of the accomplishment of Alton Grant, 
who for a great many years has been identified with Jasper County 
as a resident of Marion Township. M\: Grant, who has long since 
passed the psalmist's span of three score and ten, owns and resides 
upon a farm of eighty acres. For a period of sixty-five years he 
has witnessed the growth and development of this part of Jaspei* 
County, and has himself been a not uninterested and inactive parti- 
cijiant in local aftfairs. 

This well known old citizen was born in Wabash County, Indi- 
ana, at Lafontaine, July 3, 1839, ■^ son of Daniel and Rebecca R. 
(Hale) Grant, the former of Scotch and the latter of German 
ancestry. His parents were married in Kentucky, and after some 
years of residence in Wabash County tliey moved in 1850 to Marion 
Township in Jasper County, where Daniel Grant acquired seven 
hundred acres of land. He was one oi the influential men of his 
time, and spent the rest of his life in the township. His v.-ifc also 
flied there, and both are now at rest in the cemeter)' at Rensselaer. 
Daniel Grant followed farming and stock raising, was a republican 
in politics, but sought no official honors from his party. He was 
formerly a member of the Christian church and later belonged to 
the Church of God. He and his wife had ten' children, and the 
three now living are Alton, Shelby and Josephine Warner. 

Eleven years of age when the family established a home in 
Jasper County, Alton Grant had previously attended the common 
schools of Wabash County, and afterwards gained some further 
instruction in such schools as existed in Marion Township during 
the decade of the '50s. He was a young man at the time of the 
Civil war and gave some service as a member of the Home Guard. 
His early experiences were all connected with farm life, and he 
has made that his regular vocation. He lived at home for a number 
of years, and did not establish a place of his own until he was 
Ihiny-five. On January 17, 1875, 1""^ married Maggie Dillon, a 
daughter of Abner and Nancy (Howe) Dillon. To this union 
were born three children: Charley, who married Millie Shipman ; 

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Garland Hale, who is now active nianag-er of his father's farm in 
Marion Township; and Josephine Gertrude. The son Garland, who 
was born in Jasper Comity August 21, 1879, is making a specialty 
of the raising and breeding of registered Belgian hares, and is one 
of the prominent young agriculturists and stock breeders of his 
community. He is a republican in his political affiliations, and cast 
his first presidential vote for William AlcKinley. The mother of 
these children died October 23, 1909, and is buried at Rensselaer. 
For more than thirty years they had lived together as man and 
wife, and she was a most devoted helpmate and her memory will 
always be cherished by her children and her children's children. 
She was an active member of the Church of God, and Mr. Grant 
is also identified with the same denomination. As a republican he 
has been interested in local affairs, though in the main his life has 
been spent in quiet accomplishment and upright living. He is a 
true pioneer of northwestern Indiana, and in the early history of 
his native county of Wabash he was a frequent visitor to the 
tepees of the Indians, whose reservation joined his father's farm. 
His home is on rural route No. 3 out of Rensselaer. 

Andrew Hicks. The honored subject of this memoir estab- 
lished his residence in Jasper County more than forty years ago 
and he passed the last two decades of his long and usefid life in 
the Village of Remington, an upright citizen of strong mentality 
and of those kindly attributes of character that invariably beget 
popular confidence and esteem. The closing period of his life was 
passed in well earned retirement from the labors and responsibilities 
that had long rested upon him, and his high standing in the county 
that so long represented his home renders most consonant the tribute 
here paid to his memory. 

Andrew Hicks was born in Devonshire, England, on the 14th of 
February, 1835, and was a scion of a family whose name has been 
identified with that section of the "right little, tight little isle" for 
many generations. He acquired his rudimentary education in his 
native land and was a lad of thirteen years when he accompanied 
his parents on their immigration to America, the family home being 
established in the Province of Ontario, Canada, where he was reared 
to manhood on a pioneer farm and where he measureably supple- 
mented his educational discipline, though his later status as a man 
of broad information and mature judgment was gained largely 
through self-application and association with the practical affairs 
of life. In Ontario was solemnized his marriage to Miss Isabella 
Banes, and thereafter he continued to be identified with agricultural 
pursuits in the old home province until 1870, when he came with his 
family to the United States and established his residence on a farm 
near Momence, Kankakee County, Illinois, where he remained 
until 1873. He then remo\ed with his family to Jasper County, 
Indiana, and for three years thereafter he continued his operations 

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as an agriculturist mid stocl<-gro\vcr on a farm 23,^ niiies east of 
Remington. Jn 1870 he purchased n farm in White Count)', just 
across the line from Jasper County, and there he continued to be 
successfully engaged in diversiiled agricultural pursuits and the 
raising of live slock in an incidental way until 1894, when he removed 
to Iveniington, where, in an attracti\e and comfortable home, he 
ii\cd viriually retired until his death, which occurred on the 13th of 
January, 1909. 

Mr. Hicks was reared in the faith of the Church of England, 
rcjirL-scnted in the United States as tlic Protestant Episcopal Church, 
but later in life he became a member of the Methodist Episcopal 
( luirch. He was a man of well fortified convictions and after 
becoming a naturalized citizen of the United States he espoused the 
cause of the republican party, of whose principles he continued to 
be a loyal supporter until his death. Mr. and Mrs. Hicks became 
the parents of seven children, all of whom are living, and on other 
pages is given a brief review of the career of their son Fred A., who 
is a representative merchant at Remington. 

Fred A. Hicks. Personal executive ability, fair and honorable 
dealings and effective service have given to Mr. Hicks secure prestige 
as one of the leading merchants of the \' illage of Remington, Jasper 
County, and his individual popularity in the community is effectively 
vouchsafed by the fact that at the time of this writing he is giving 
most loyal, progressive and effective administration in the office of 
president of the board of trustees or common council of the village. 
He is a son of the late Andrew Hicks, to whom a memoir is dedicated 
on other pages of this work, so that further reference to the family 
history is not demanded at this juncture. 

On the homestead farm of his father, in Princeton Township, 
White County. Indiana, Fred A. Hicks was born on the Sth of Alay, 
1877, and the place of his birth, contiguous to the Jasper County 
line, is virtually within sight of the village in which he now main- 
tains his home and in which he availed himself of the advantages 
of the public schools after previously attending the district school 
near his home. Mr. Hicks continued to be associated with the 
v.'ork and management of his father's farm until he had attained to 
the age of twenty years, when he assumed a position as clerk in a 
general merchandise establishment, beginning at the bottom of what 
is now one of the largest mercantile establishments in Remington, 
Indiana. Within the four years that he maintained this association 
Mr. Hicks acquired excellent knowledge of the various details of 
the mercantile business, and thus he was well fortified when, in 
1901, he initiated his independent enterprise as a dealer in dry- 
goods, shoes, men's furnishing goods and various other lines of 
merchandise. He has an establishment that is essentially modern 
in its equipment and apiiointments the same controls a sub- 


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staiitial and rcpresentaUx-c trade, marking the popular appreciation 
of its facilities and of the sterling characteristics of its owner. 

Mr. llicks is entitled to be designated as one of the most 
progressive and public-spirited citizens of Remington, and that the 
local community has full appreciation of tliis fact is shown by its 
retaining him in the office of chief executive of the municipal gov- 
ernment. He was first elected to this position in 191 1, and by 
successive re-elections has continued his incumbency of the office to 
the present time, the autumn of 1915. lie is affiliated with the local 
lodge of the Knights of P}thias, and he and his wife are popular 
figures in connection with the leading social activities' of the com- 
munity, their religious affiliation being with the Presbyterian Church. 

On the 5th of June, 1901, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. 
Hicks to Aliss Hattie Belle Yeoman, a daughter of Ira Yeoman, and 
a representative of a family that was founded in Jasper County in 
the early pioneer days, the Y'eonians having, in fact, been numbered 
among the first settlers in the county, v.'here they established their 
home when this section of the Hoosier State was little more than a 
forest wild. Mr. and I\Irs. Hicks ha\'e two children, Doris Rosa- 
mond, in the eighth grade of school, and Donald Ross, a member of 
the fourth grade. 

William D. AIlveks. With a residence in Walker Township 
of Jasper County for forty-three years, William D. ]^Ieyers has 
played the part of an influential and public spirited citizen, and 
successful himself, he has used his resources for the benefit of the 
community in many ways. His name is perhaps as \vcll known over 
Jasper County as that of any other local citizen. 

Born January 21, 1852, in Hamilton County, Ohio, he was the 
second in a family of six cliildien born to William and Mary 
(Dinkleman) Meyers, both of whom were natives of Cermany. 
The names of tlie children are: John E., who is still living and 
married; William D. ; Carrie and Louis S., both deceased; Henry 
C. and George P., who are married and have families of their 
own. The sons Henry and George finished their education after 
coming to Jasper County in the old Walker School in Walker 

William D. ]\Ieyers had limited educational advantages as a 
boy, largely because of the fact that schools were poorly equipped 
and scholastic advantages were not considered so requisite a part 
of equipment in those days as at the present time. At the age of 
twenty-one he started out to make his own way in the world, and in 
looking back over a period of more than forty years he can have 
few regrets in view of the success he has attained. The Meyers 
family came to Jasper County in 1872, and William D. Meyers has 
ever since lived in \A'alkcr Township. As a young man he worked 
as a farm liand, but soon engaged in buying cattle, and has been 


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a stock trader practically all his active career. For a number of 
years lie was associated with his brother in that business. 

Oii February 25, iSyo, in Jasper County Mr. Meyers married 
lAittic lioUe. Two children were born to their marriage: William 
l-I., still unmarried; and Pearl Ruth, deceased. 

When Mr. Meyers came to Jasper County in 1872 the entire 
coui'.try was little more than a wilderness of variegated marsh 
and brush land, and the favorite areas for cultivation were the 
sand ridges. Fie als.o recalls that at that time only three schools 
were maintained in Walker Township, known as the Walker, Hersh- 
nian and Spriggs, the last being kept in a log cabin. Politically Mr. 
Meyers has always been identified with the republican party, and 
in J 882 he was elected township trustee, and gave a very efficient 
administration an.d from that day to this has always been interested 
and a worker for the advancement of the public schools in his town- 
ship and all other needed public improvements. From i()o6 to 
1910 he served as township assessor. 

Mathf.w p. Carr. It is not on'}- as a pioneer settler, but as a 
man of broad usefulness and influence in the community, that the 
late Alathew P. Carr is recalled fo the memory of the younger 
generation in Jasper County. He stood high among the older 
settlers, was industrious, quiet in his manner, seldom attracting 
much attention beyond the borders of his own neighborhood, but 
wherever known was recognized for his sterling merits and his 
efficiency in everything he undertook. 

It was more than thirty years ago that the career of Mathew 
P. Carr came to a close with his death on February 10, 1884. He 
was boin in Coshocton County, Ohio, February 9, 1822. His father, 
Thomas Carr, married a Miss Pittman, and while he was Scotch 
his wife was Scotch-Irish. About 1830 the Carr family moved 
to Tippecanoe County, Indiana, when the late Mathew P. Carr 
was eight years of age. His parents lived there until their death, 
and in the fall of 1851 Mathew P. Carr, who was then a vigorous 
young man, and had gained his early training in the log cabin 
subscription schoolhouses of Tippecanoe County, moved over into 
Jasper County and settled in Iroquois Township now Newton 
Courity. In that locality he made his home, gradually prospering, 
and helped to change pioneer conditions to those of a well settled 
and developed neighborhood. It was among people many of whom 
lie had known by close lies of friendship and neighborly kindness 
that he passed away more than thirty years later, and was laid 
to rest in the Egypt cemetery in Jordan Township. 

Mathew P. Carr married Adeline Graves. Her father was Ben- 
.ianiin Graves, who married a Miss Pierce. Of the nine children 
born to Mathew Carr and wife the two oldest died unnamed in 
infancy. The third, Margaret Eliza, is also deceased. The fourth 
is Nancy Ann; the next is James; Thomas, is now deceased; 

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Rebecca Jane is Mrs. Jolin A. Knowltoii ; Carey L. ; and Philena, 
Airs. Jolm E. Medworlh. 

Tliose who remember Mathcw Carr would have been surprised 
to liave ever known him as a politician, since it was inconsistent 
with his quiet unostentatious demeanor to strive for political honors. 
However, he was a democrat in voting. He was devoted to his 
family, and made a great success as a farmer and stock dealer. 
Thougli reared in the Quaker faith he never joined that sect. His 
widow survived him many years and passed away in 1905, and they 
are buried side by side in Jordan Township. 

For more than a quarter of a century two of the sons of the 
late Mathew P. Carr have been successfully identified with farm 
enterprise in Newton Township under the firm name Cair Brothers. 
These brothers are James and Carey, the former born April 16, 
1852, and the latter March 2, ,1860. Since reaching young manhood 
they have been partnership farmers, where they now own and 
manage five hundred forty-eight acres of high class land, besides 
eighty acres of which arc located in Jordan Township. They have 
made many improvements upon the land, and carry on a large busi- 
ness as general farmers and stock raisers. 

AiiRAM, Jackson FuEF.LAxn. Among the men who have hel])ed 
forward that remarkable economic transformation by which the 
waste and wooded lands of Jasper County were reclaimed and con- 
verted into productive fields and the smiling landscape of happy 
homes, a place of practical usefulness belongs to Abram Jackson 
Freeland of Newton Township. Mr. Freeland is one of the few 
remaining of the early settlers in this county, which he first came 
to know as a boy, and during his life-time he has witnessed prac- 
tically all the changes of importance that have revolutionized not 
only the industry of agriculture but also practically every other 
department of civilized living. 

Born in Crawford County, Oliio, July 24, 1838, he was eight 
years of age, when, in 1846, he was brought to Jasper County by 
his parents, Abram and Nancy (Tracey) Freeland. During the 
'30s and '40s the highways and byways that led from east to west 
were almost constantly traversed by the wagons bearing emigrants 
to their new homes, and it was in one of these little caravans that the 
Freeland fttmily came into Jasper County. They drove two wagons, 
one drawn by two horses and the other by three, and also brought 
along with them a small herd of five cows. The season was the 
late fall, and heavy rains made such roads as were available almost 
impassable to the wagons. Aftei- reaching Jasper County the 
family spent the following winter at Rensselaer, and then for two 
years the father lived upon the rented land in section 21 owned by 
one of the Yeoman family. In the meantime he bought 160 acres 
.in section 17, Newton Township, paying prices ranging from three 
dollars to four and a half dollars per acre. The property had two 

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small cabins into which the family moved, but other imi)ro\ements 
were hardly deserving of niention. The greater part of the land 
was covered with heavy woods and confronted by this task Abraham 
I'roclaiid took up the work of clearing and improving. lie and his 
wife were the parents of seven children, only two of whom are now 
living. Abraham Freeland was a man of medium size, and was 
iicst known in his generation and is best remembered by the old 
settlers more for his industry and quiet unobtrusiveness than for 
anv other qualiiies. He belonged to no religious denomination or 
secret order, was held in high regard as a moral upright man, 
and good citizen. His wife died in 1859 and he afterward married 
Elizabeth Wiley. 

Abram Jackson Freeland had his bringing up on the old home 
farm in Newton Township, around which locality most of his early 
associations center. As an indication of the scope of his individual 
experience it should be stated that in the early days and when suffi- 
cient strength came to his youthful arms, he helped to mow grass 
with a sickle and reap grain with a cradle. The sowing of the 
fields was done by hand, broadcast. As a boy he also rode the horse 
which monotonously tramped back and forth over the floor covered 
by the grain in the stalk, which was the manner of threshing most 
generally used in this community fifty or sixty years ago. Though 
only eight years of age at the time he recalls many incidents of the 
trip from Ohio to Jasper County, and one fact in particular which 
indicates the primitive condition of the country at that time is that 
in all the many miles traversed the wagons never once crossed a 
railroad track. Thus under his individual observation the great 
changes for which the nineteenth century was responsible have 
taken place one after the other, and he has lived to witness the 
great inodern age of electricity and invention. Almost his entire 
life has been spent in Newton Township, and largely on the farm 
where he now resides. Mr. Freeland has one of the valuable and 
well improved country homes in Newton Township, comprising 
24D acres of land. 

In citizenship he has been honored with those positions of trust 
and responsibility that furnish large opportunities for service, and 
has served two terms of two years each as township trustee and one 
term of four years in that office, and did a valuable work to the 
community in looking after the property and management of the 
local schools. In politics he is a democrat, and is affiliated with the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows at Rensselaer. 

On June 9, 1875, Mr. Freeland married Josephine Sayler, 
daughter of Jacob and Elenore (Hendricks) Sayler. To their 
marriage have been born five children : Marion, a farmer of New- 
ton Town.ship; Merrill A., who lives with his parents; E\a; Annie, 
who died at the age of thirteen years; and Ray, who died when 
two months old. 

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John Baun'ktt. One of Jasper County's most respected citizens 
passed out of life at his home at Remington, November i6, 1908, 
John Barnett, who was well known all through this section for his 
sterling character, his kind heart and his generous hospitality. Mr. 
Barnett was a native of Ohio, born February 15, 1838. His parents 
were James and Phoebe (Huckins) Barnett, natives of Vermont. 
While John Barnett ,was young his people moved from Ohio to 
Illinois and settled eight miles distant from Kankakee. There he 
;xttcndcd school and assisted his faihcji- on the farm. Early in the 
Civil war he enlisted in Company G, Twenty-fifth Illinois Volunteer 
Infantry, later transferring to Company H, and served throughout 
the entire period of strife. He was an efficient soldier but in later 
years suffered somewhat from rheumatism brought on tlirough 
necessary exposure during his army service. 

Mr. Barnett was united in marriage with Miss Cynthia Nagley, 
on November 3, 1874. She is a daughter of Josiah and Nancy 
(Hawkins) Nagley, well known and highly respected people who 
lived nearWatseka, Illinois. i\Ir. and Mrs. Barnett had one daugh- 
ter, Jessie, who died young. 

Shortly after their marriage Mr. and Mrs. Barnett moved on a 
farm of ifo acres situated in Carpenter Township and later an addi- 
tional 160-acre farm, located near Biuft'ton, Indiana, was added to 
their possessions, both of these properties being owned yet by Mrs. 
Barnett. Together they \vorked to improve their two farms and 
Mr. Barnett lived to see them under high cultivation and well repay- 
ing the care put on them. Mrs. Barnett devotes the larger part of 
her land to corn and oats and also keeps considerable high grade 
stock. She is a member of the Women's Relief Corps. 

In 1903 Mr. and Mrs. Barnett left the farm and moved to Rem- 
ington where they lived in great comfort, ]\iV. Barnett taking delight 
in his home. He was genial and social Ijy nature and loved to have 
his friends around him. He joined no secret society nor was he 
very active in politics and never was willing to accept any public 
office. He was a great admirer of Abraham Lincoln and adopted his 
political faith. 

Charles J. Dean. One of the most valuable services supplied 
in any community, new or old, is that represented by the real estate 
dealer. Both the buyer and seller of realty needs the keen judg- 
ment and experience of a man who makes this line of business a 
profession, and when in addition to long experience there is com- 
bined a thorough integrity the real estate dealer at once becomes 
one of the leaders in a community's business men. This is the 
position enjoyed at Rensselaer by Charles J. Dean, who has handled 
real estate and insurance for a number of years, and has spent 
most of his active career in Jasper County. 

It was in 1859 that he came to Jasper County with his parents, 
who drove across the country in a two-horse wagon from Blooming- 
ton, Indiana. Charles J. Dean was born near Smithville, Indiana, 
April I, 1855, and all but one of the ten children of his parents are 

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ford) Dean, the former a native of Delaware and the latter of 
Kentiickv. Eli IJ. Dean was a fanner, was born in 1S2S, and came 
West as far as ^Muskingum County, Ohio, at the age of twenty, 
and after moving his family to Jasper County in 1859 was engaged 
in fanning in Marion Township up to 1882. In that year he moved 
out to Kansas, and lived in that stale until his death in November, 
1910. His widow is still living at an advanced age, and has her 
home in Kansas. ■ 

With his boyhood days spent on the liomc farm in Jasper 
County, Charles J. Dean in addition to the usual experiences of a 
farmer boy has recollections growing out of a considerable work 
as cattle herder on the prairie. Such education as he acquired was 
from the public schools, which were then few, meager in equip- 
ment and deficient in instruction, as compared with those that exist 
at the present time. His preliminary instruction was supplemented 
by a course in the Northern Indiana Normal School at Valparaiso. 

Mr. Dean married Minnie W. Troxell, daughter of Jacob 
Troxcll. Following his marriage he took up farming as a career, 
and made that his regular vocation for about seven years, and from 
it acquired much of the knowledge and experience in estimating land 
values which have proved exceedingly valuable to him in his present 
line of undertaking. For four years he lived at Washington, 
Illinois, and conducted a store in that community. Returning to 
Jasper County, he was in the hardware business at Rensselaer until 
selling his stock to the present proprietor, Edward D. Rhoades. 
Since going out of the mercantile business Mr. Dean has concen- 
trated all his efforts upon the real estate, insurance and loan 

In jiolitics he is a republican, and is a member of the Knights of 
Pythias Lodge No. 82. He and his wife have two fine sons: 
Charles Ross, who is now superintendent of the Rensselaer public 
schools; and David Delos, who is a graduate of the law depart- 
ment of the State University and is now a young lawyer at 

Omar J. Kenton. One of the progressive and enterprising 
farmers and stock raisers of Newton Township, Jasper County, 
traces his ancestry in an unbroken line to Mark Kenton, who was 
bom in Ireland, March i, 1701, and was the progenitor of the 
family in America. He settled in Virginia and was the father of 
William, Benjamin, Mark, Simon (the famous Indian fighter), and 
John. William Kenton, the eldest, was born September 20, 1737, 
and married Mary Cleland, and with his family and other pioneers, 
under the leadership of his brother, the celebrated Simon Kenton, 
left Fauquier County, Virginia, for Kentucky, in September, 1783. 
They crossed the Allegheny Mountains in wagons and came down 
the Ohio River to near the present site of Louisville, without 
serious molestation from the savages. William Kenton and his 
family resided for some eleven years in what is now Afercer 
County, Kentucky, but in December, 1794, located near Washing- 
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migrated to the wilderness of the community of what was known 
as Mad River, a tributary of the Great Miami, in tlie Northwest 
Territory. William Kenton died in Champaign County, Ohio, May 

21, 1822. 

William Kenton and his wife were the parents of nine children, 
the eldest being Philip Conrad Kenton, vvho was born December 5, 
1765, and was the father of William, Thomas, Elizabeth, Mark, 
John, Edmund, Sarah and Benjamin. John Kenton, of the fore- 
going, was born in June, 1799, and after ihe death of his first wife, 
who was Nancy Anderson, married Polly McDougal. John Ken- 
ton, widely known as "Coon" Kenton, came from Ohio to Jasper. 
County, Indiana, in 1843, and died here De-Teniber 28, 1879. Simon 
Kenton, one of the children of John, was born in 1S36, and was 
seven years old when brought to Jasper County. Me was here 
reared and made this community his home during the greater part 
of his life. He served the Union cause during the Civil war and 
had an honorable record as a soldier. He married Josephine Spry, 
and Omar J. Kenton, of this review, is the youngest of their 

Omar J. Kenton was born on the farm on Vv'hich he now 
resides, in Newton Township, April 25, 1S77, and this has always 
been his home. He assisted with the work of the home farm in 
his youth, securing his education in the district school, and while 
farming has always been his general hne of occupation he has, also 
done much for the improvement of high grade stock in jasper 
County, his present specialty being the raising of pure-bred Short 
Horn cattle. He owns 250 acres of superior land, the greater part 
of which is the old Kenton homestead. ]\Ir. Kenton is an advocate 
of modern methods in farming, bears an enviable reputation in busi- 
ness circles, and is known as a good and public-spirited citizen of 
his community. 

On April 27, IQ04, Mr. Kenton was married to Miss Effie 
Swaim, and their children, Helen Josephine, Jack and Tom are of 
the seventh generation of the family who have resided in America. 

Henrv Koliioff. One of the well known and highly respected 
families of Jasper County, Indiana, bears the name of Kolhoff, and 
many years ago it was just as well known in the old city of Olden- 
burg, Germany, where Henry KolhofT, now a substantial farmer in 
Marion Township, was born on January 14, 1858. His parents, 
Herman Henry and Mary Anna (.Swinefert) Kolhoff, both died 
in Germany. 

Henry Kolhoff attended school in Germany for a certain time 
as the German law provides and afterward began to think and plan 
for a future in America as he wished to be a farmer and saw no 
chance to follow that vocation in his native province. He was 
a boy of seventeen years when he reached the United States, reach- 
ing Cincinnati, Ohio, in 1875. He found employment there for one 
year but in 1876 came farther west, locating in the vicinity of 
Rensselaer, Indiana, where he found employment at first on farms. 

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At that time Mr. Kolhoff was iiossessed of but little except good 
health and good principles, a desire and willingness to work hard 
and an inheritance of thrift that had been a part of his upbringing 
in his German home. An interesting contrast is the picture of the 
sltirdv, hard working youth with empty pockets in 1876 and the 
other picture of the same youth in only middle life who is now the 
owner of 550 acres of as fine land as can be found in Jasper 
County. This land lies two miles south of Rensselaer, in section 
.-!-. range 7, 64 acres in Marion and 480 in Jordan Township. The 
entire farm is eligible for tillage as it is all cleared and well tiled. 
Since first coming to Jasper County, ^Mr. KolholT has lived either 
in Jordan or Marion Township. For two years prior to 1883 he 
served as superintendent of the farm connected with the Jasper 
County Orphan Asylum. Then he embarked in farming in Jordan 
Township and continued there until 1905 when he moved to his 
present well improved farm in Marion Township. 

In 1883 Henry KolhofT was united in marriage with Miss 
Josephine Maenbruck, a daughter of John and Angeline (Strip- 
weyer) Maenbruck, of Marion Township, and they have five 
children: John, who is a resident of Jordan Township, married 
Cordelia Sigo ; Katherine, who is the wife of Tona Keiper, lives 
in Marion Township, and has one little daughter, Cuella ; Joseph, 
who is a farmer in Jordan Township, married Rose Sigo; and 
Angeline and Leona, both of whom live at home. 

Mr. KolhofT and family are members of the St. Augustine 
Catholic Church at Rensselaer. He belongs to the Catholic 
C)rdcr of Foresters. In politics he is a democrat but has 
nc\er been a seeker for public office. He has given hearty support 
lo all measures looking to substantial public improvements and 
well deserves to be numbered v.'ith the useful and representative 
men of his part of Jasper County. 

Joiix Kolhoff. A prosperous farmer of Jordan Township, 
Jasper County, Indiana, who is now serving as township trustee, is 
John Kolhoff, who was born on his present farm, June 22, 1884, 
and is a son of Henry and Josephine Kolhoff. He was reared to 
agricultural pursuits and in his hard-working and successful father 
had an excellent example to follow. Mr. Kolhoff's farm lies in 
section 27, range 7, and under his careful management yields large 
crops. He believes in general improvement not only on his own 
land but in the county generally and when movements are on foot 
looking toward systems of drainage and public highway improve- 
ments, he is ready to lend his influence in their support. His farm 
is located 514 miles southwest from Rensselaer so that he and wife 
■ can enjoy town as well as country life and without trotible attend 
St. Augustine Catholic Church of which they are members. 

On January 12, 190Q, Mr. Kolhoff was united in marriage with 
Mivs Cordelia Sigo, who is a daughter of Moses and Philomene 

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Slgo. Mr. Kolhofl is somewhat prominent in democratic politics 
and in the fall of 1914 was elected towriship tru;tcc. Me beloiifrs 
to the Catholic Order of Foresters. 

Joseph Koi.uoff. Tlie name of Kolhoil in connection with 
farming and public interests is very familiar in Marion and Jordan 
townships, Jasper County, Indiana, and a well known bearer of 
this honorable name is Joseph Kolhoff, who follows an agricultural 
life on a farm belonging to his father, situated 5>1 milts 
southwest of Rensselaer. lie was born in Jordan Township, 
October 15, 1887, and has always lived on this place. He is the 
youngest son of Henry and Jo.scphine Kolhoff, residents of Marion 
Township. Mr. Kolhoff attended the public schools and since 
then has devoted his attention closely to his farm industries. He is 
intelligently interested in public affairs and in the fall of 1914 was 
chosen by the progressi\-e jiarty as its candidate for sheriff of 
Jasper County. 

On October 2. 1915, Jose])h Kolhoff was united in marriage 
with Miss Rose Sigo, a daughter of Moses and Philomenc Sigo, 
of Jasper County. Mr. and Mrs. Kolh.oft' are members of .St. 
Augustine Catholic Church at Rensselaer and he is identified with 
the fraternal order of Modern \\oodmcn of America at tlie same 


Parki-SOK. In the eighty odd years since that splendid pioneer John 
G. Parkison established his home within the wilds of Jasper County, 
three .successive generations of the family by their work and influence 
have added to the many distinctions of the iiaine in this section of 
the state. For the purpose of supplementing what has been said 
regarding the pioneer founder of the family a brief sketch is given 
concerning each of the three abo\c named, eacli of whom represents 
a successive generation of the family in Jasper County. 

On account of the fact that he was already past the age of 
• childhood and able to participate to some extent in the work of a 
new community, William K. Parkison, a son of John G. Parkison, 
also deserves a place among the jjioncers of Jasper County. He was 
born in Logan Coimty, Ohio, May 4, 1830, being one of twelve 
children. He was in his early teens when brought to Jasper County 
and he grew up among the wilds and swamjis of what is now 
Barkley Township. William K. Parkison married Mary W. Barkley, 
in honor of family the township was named. Nearly all his 
active career \Villiam K. Parkison lived in Barkley Township, and 
after reaching manhood became prominent in the aft'airs of his com- 
munity, serving as trustee of the township and for a number of 
years as county commissioner. In politics he was first an old line 
whig, but became idcnlificd with the repul.ilican party on its organiza- 
tion in 1856, and was a loyal and straightforward advocate of its 

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principles until his death. Though past military age at the time of 
the Civil war, he rendered effective service, particularly in filling the 
quota of recruits for his township, thus avoiding the necessity of a 

IJoni to William K. and .Mary (Jjarklcy) Parkison were ten 
chihircn, of whom the follow ing reached maturity : John G., who 
enlisted in the Fifteenth Indiana Battery during the Civil war and 
was killed in the Battle of Rocky Face Gap during the Georgia cam- 
jwign; William Miller, who. died when about twenty-one years of 
age; (Jeorge 13., Harvey Edward and James R., all of whom are 
active farmers and citizens of Jasper County ; Alary J., wife of Gran- 
\-ille IMoody of Jasper County ; and Robert A., who is jjresident of 
tlic Finst National Bank of Rensselaer. 

Harvey Edward Parkison, who represents the third generation of 
the family residence in Jasper County, was born in Barkley Town- 
ship October 7, 1851. Such education as he acquired came from the 
district schools and Wabash College, of Crawfordsvillc, Indiana, 
but his most substantial training for life was acquired in the discip- 
line of the home place. In fact, his occupation and vocation have 
been agriculture, and that he was wise in selecting that line of busi- 
ness is indicated by the fact that he has reached a most vigorous old 
age and has a splendid projj^rty to his credit. He owns three farms 
aggregating 560 acres. In September, 1914, Mr. Parkison retired 
from the acti\e management of his farm interests, and has since 
lived in Rensselaer, from which point he looks after his large 
property affairs. 

In politics he is a republican, and while never aspiring to political 
preferment has filled several of the more important official posi- 
tions, including that of township trustee. He and his wife are active 
members of the Alethodist Episcopal Church. On October 7, 1875, 
he married Aliss Melvina C. jMoore, daughter of W. E. and Diana 
(Evans) Moore, who came to Jasper County in the early '50s and 
thereafter was closely associated with the growth and develojiment 
of his community. The three children of Harvey E. Parkison 
and wife are: William H., a lawyer of Rensselaer; Wallace M., a 
practicing physician at Rockford, Washington; and Alartha J., wife 
of Howard Mills of Rensselaer. 

; William H. Parkison stands in the fourth generation of the 
Parkison family in Jasper County, has turned from agriculture, 
which has employed the energies of so many earlier members of the 
family, and lias already achieved success and prominence in the 
Jasper County bar. 

He was born on the old home farm near Pleasant Ridge on July 
2-j, 1876. As a boy he attended the Lefler School and also the 
Rensselaer High School, and completed his literary training with 
a course at Purdue University. After making up his mind to study 
law, he attended the law department of the Indiana State University 
for a time, though the greater part of his legal education was 

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accjuitcd in the law offices of Foltz, Spitlcr & Kurrie. In June, 
iSij9, Mr. Parkisoii began practice in Rensselaer as a member of the 
firm of Cbilcote & Parkison, and during the past sixteen years he has 
steadfastly devoted himself to the interests of his practice and lias 
M'on many enviable successes in the profession. 

Mr. Parkison is a republican, affiliates with the Knights of 
Pythias, the Independent Order of Foresters, Loyal Order of Moose, 
the Sons of the American Revolution, the Columbia Club and also 
a member of the \'an Rensselaer Club of Rensselaer, Indiana. In 
the Foresters order he has held the office of high chancellor of 
Indiana. On September 7, 1899, he married Miss Emma Linn, a 
daughter of Alfred and Atigusta (Burke) Linn. Their two children 
are named Helen Catherine and William Linn. 

Ch.\rles F. St,\ckhouse. Few residents of the country com- 
munity in Jasper County have more thoroughly deserved the es- 
teem and high standing among fellow citizens than Charles F. 
Stackhouse, whose home has been in this county since infancy. It 
has been his good fortune to acquire a comfortable competence as 
a farmer in 3Jarion Township, and at the same time he has been 
honored by his fellow citizens with positions of trust and responsi- 
bility and during his recent service as a county commissioner Iiis 
name became familiarly associated with the public life of the 

This is a famiily which has been identified wilh Jasper County 
for nearly sixty years. It was founded here by the late Clinton D. 
Stackhouse, father of Charles F. Stackhouse. Clinton D., a son of 
Clinton and Cynthia Ann (Green) .Stackhouse, was born in Pemi- 
sylvania in 1S28, and when a small boy went to Ohio with his 
mother, who kept a hotel in that state. From there he came to 
Ifidiana, learned the baker's trade m Lafayette, and later was a 
farmer in the Wabash Valley in Tijipecanoc County. From there 
he came with his mother to Jasper County in 1856, locating on a 
farm about three and a half miles north of Rensselaer. Their 
first home was a log cabin, and his labors effected many improve- 
ments on the farm and he continued its management for several 
years. Later going to Rensselaer he engaged in the hardware busi- 
ness with his brother I. M. Stackhouse. To their stock of hard- 
M'are they subsequently added implements, furniture and under- 
taking, and thus developed a business which for many years sup- 
plied a large and important service to the community. About 1869 
Clinton D. Stackhouse, having sold his mercantile business, returned 
to the farm. In 1891 he left Jasper County, Indiana, and moved 
to the county of the same name in the State of Missouri, where he 
conducted a grocery and hardware store at .Sarcoxie until his 
death on March 20, 1892. The many people who remember Clin- 
ton D. Stackhouse in Jasper Cotmty recall two chief characteristics 
of the man, first, his ability to work hard and persistently in any 


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underlaking in which he was engaged, and his jovial disposition. 
These quahties, united with a constant readiness to oblige, gave 
liini a circle of friends which was only limited by the number of 
pcr-ons he laiew. He was a memlrer of the Masonic fraternity, was 
fir; I a rci>ul)lican and later a democrat, and though active in party 
politics was never an office seeker. Clinton D. Stackhouse was 
twice married, his wives being sisters. Delilah Obenchain, his first 
wife, died November 13, 1856, and his second wife, whose maiden 
;,:.nic v,;;s Mary Jane Obenchain, is still living. He had fourteen 
children, two by the first marriage and twelve by the second. 

One of the two children by his father's first wife, Charles F. 
Stackhouse was born October 7, 1856, and was only a few weeks 
f)ld when his mother died, and very soon afterward his father 
removed to jasper County. His home has been within the limits of 
this county practically all his life, and his interests have been 
concentrated in Marion Townshii). Farming has been his activity, 
and to that vocation he has given himself with such energy as to 
raise himself beyond the reach of want a number of years ago. 
His education was supplied by the public schools of Marion Town- 

On December 28, 1884, Mr. Stackhouse married Elizabeth E. 
Israel, ^^'llile they have had no children of their own, they have 
reared two boys, nephews of Mrs. Stackhouse. Mr. Stackhouse 
now has 140 acres of some of the most desirable land in Jasper 
County. He is a member of the Masonic fraternity, and in politics 
is a democrat. Plis first important office in the community where he 
has spent his active career was that of township trustee, to which 
he was elected in 1904, and during the following four years the 
schools and other matters under liis jurisdiction had a most capable 
^handling. In 1910 he was elected to the office of county com- 
missioner, serving one term of three years. ,.^:^;-!. ; u - 

J.ACKSOX Of the men whose ability, industry and 
character have added to the wealth and progress of Jasper County 
from the earliest times that of Jackson Phcgley would deserve 
mention and special consideration in any history of the locality. 
Although more than a quarter of a century has passed since his 
death on October 28, 1888, he is still well remembered by the people 
of the county. He was one of the men who helped to construct the 
early fabric of industrial and civic institutions in Jasper County and 
left an impress on the community which succeeding years will never 

A native of Kentucky, Jackson Phegley was born on April 12, 
1823, a son of David and Judah Phegley. A few years after his 
liirth his family removed to Southern Indiana and in 1836, when 
he was thirteen years of age they came to Jasper County, where his 
father entered land in section 2 in the southeastern part of Marion 
Townsliip. For some years the family lived in a primitive log 

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cabin of the type common to pioneer days, and David Phegley with 
the aid of his sons undertook the tremendous task of reclaiming a 
tract of laud to cultivation. Many of the valuable and fertile acres 
found ill that section of jasper County were redeemed from the 
wilderness as a result of the Phegley family's enterprise. In the 
early days the wild game of the woods, the fish from the limpid 
waters of lake and stream, kept the family larder well supplied with 
meat, and every settler of that time was more or less skilled as a 
hunter. It was in such surroundings thai Jaclcson Phegley grew to 
manhood. As a boy he had Indians for his playmates, though from 
a very early age very little time was granted for sports and 
pleasures, and his career was a strenuous one, with a never ending 
supply of hard work- in clearing the forests and improving the land. 
Jackson Phegley is remembered for his traits of mind and character 
as well as for his sturdy industry. He was naturally studious and 
became unusually well informed for a man of his limited opportuni- 
ties. He excelled in his part of the country as a mathematician, 
writer and speller, and always stood high in public esteem. 

Jackson Phegley married Lucinda Daugherty. After his mar- 
riage he located on section i in Marion Township, south of Rensse- 
laer, and his original homestead of forty acres which he had 
entered from the government is still owned by hi- dc?cendants. 
That was his home the rest of his life, «here he was quietly en.gaged 
in agricultural pursuits. Jackson Phegley was quiet, retiring and 
unostentatious in disjiosition, and while never seeking public honors 
he bore a worliiy part in the upbuilding of his community anrl com- 
manded the respect of all with whom he came in contact. He lived 
the golden rule and Ijy industry acquired a generous portion of this 
world's goods. He and his wife became the parents of twelve 
children, two of whom died in infancy, one at the age of eleven 
and the remaining nine reached maturit}-. His wife was Ijorn June 
25, 1832, and died IMarch 17, 1883. 

George O. Hoover, who married one of the daughters of the 
late Jackson Phegley, also deserves some particular mention in this 
history of Jasper County, where he lived for a great many years 
andwas known for his substantial worth. His ])arcnts were Alford 
and Margaret (Rozell) Hoover, who were identified with the early 
settlement of Jasper County, and concerning them more detailed 
information will be found on other pages. 

]jorn in Warren County, Indiana, July 4, 1850, George O. 
Hoover was brought when four years of age to Jasper County, and 
from 1834 grew up on the old Hoover homestead. He received a 
good practical education, and for a number of years was engaged in 
teaching school. 

He married Lucy Annette Phegley. daughter of Jackson Pheg- 
ley. After his marriage Mr. Hoover followed farming, acquired 
320 acres of land, and also became widely known for his actisities 
as a stock buver. In 1885 he removed to Rensselaer, and died at his 


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home in that city April i8, 1R89. He and his wife had one daugh- 
ter, who died in infanc}-. 

RdiJEKT W". May. Surrounded h)' comforts provided hy his Hfe 
of honest industry, and enjoying benefits and conveniences con- 
Irihuted l)y improvements and inventions of modern days, Robert 
W. Ahiy, who is the second oldest settler in Carjicnter Town- 
ship, realizes as he looks back that he has lived through a period 
of great jjrogress. He has .witnessed the vast changes that the 
introduction of steam and electricity have brought about, has seen 
the automobile to some extent supersede as a transportation 
medium, horses and oxen and as he reads his daily paper that brings 
him the telegraphic news from the farthest comers of the earth, he 
remembers when a weekly or even a monthly journal was the closest 
connection the farmer had with other than his own restricted sec- 
tion. He appreciates to their full value these many additions to 
the comfort of life on a farm for in earlier days these advantages 
were lacking. 

Robert \V. May was born in Greenbrier County, \'irginia, March 
23, 1840, and is a son of George and Mary (Yeagcr) May. Of 
their family of eight children six survive. When he was nine 
years old the family mo\ed from Virginia to Jasper County, 
Indiana, and located on the site of the present home of Mr. May, 
and here the father died in 1857 and the mother in 1866. His boy- 
hood days were passed usefully in heljiing to cultivate the farm, 
along primitive methods, herding cattle on the almost unbroken 
prairie and, in a very limited way, attending a country school. The 
farm produced wheat abundantly and he well recalls accompanying 
his father with a load of wheat to Lafayette, Indiana, which was 
sold for thirty cents a Inishcl. Other grains brought but little money 
as corn sold for ten cents a bushel. At that time the United States 
had not yet become the granary of the world. As he grew older 
he worked as a farm hand for $5 per month, being satisfied with 
this general wage. When his father died he inherited 40 acres 
of the homestead and here, by crop raising and stock raising he 
gained his start in life. To his first forty acres he continued to add 
until at the present time Mr. May is the owner of 700 acres. Prac- 
tically his entire life has been passed here and there is no better 
known nor more highly respected citizen in Jasper County. 

On September 7, 1865, Robert W. May was united in marriage 
with Miss Mary Guy. and they have had six children born to them: 
Charles V., Samuel H., Dorothy, who is the wife of Burdctt Por- 
ter, Thomas, Benjamin, and Etta, who died in childhood. 

Interested all his life in substantial progress, Mr. May has been 
usefully influential in his neighborhood but he has ne\cr been willing 
to accept public office, always, however, giving support to the 
rcpulilican party's candidates. 

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CiiAKLES Y. JM.-w. 'J'he industry and good judgment that are 
absolutely necessary to make a man a competent farmer, would, 
without doubt have contributed to his success in any other selected 
calling and very often jirepare for eflkicncy in public office. Farm- 
ing is no more easily mastered than many professions and, in fact, 
a farmer, to realize the highest mark, must understand to some ex- 
tent, very many things aside from sowing seed and gathering his 
harvest. In selecting or preparing soil to suit certain seeds, he 
exercises a knowledge of chemistr\-, :iiul in his various subsequent 
operations he must be inindful of temperature and climatic changes 
and thereby enters the field of meteorolog)'. If he has no entomo- 
logical information, his crops will suffer from the ravages of 
insects. Thus it is that the farmer justly occupies a very prominent 
place in public estimation, not only because the world needs what he 
produces but also because he has the trained ability to fill this need. 
Among the well qualified farmers of Jasper County, Indiana, men- 
tion may be made to a representative member of one of the old 
families of Carpenter Township, Charles V. May. 

Charles ^^ ;\lay was born June 8, 1867. in Carpenter Township, 
Jasper County, Indiana, and is a son of Robert W. and T\lary 
(Guy) May, the former of whom was born in A^irginia and is now 
the second oldest settler of Carpenter Township. 

Reared on the home farm and from boyhood assisting according 
to his strength and experience, Mr. May has devoted a large portion 
of his life to things jnirely agricultural. He was educated in the 
district school, attending mainly during the winter terms and made 
the most of his opportunities and today is one of the intelligent, well 
informed men of his community. Since the age of twenty-one years 
he has been in business for himself and now owns 297 acres of 
valuable land. During earlier years he gave personal attention to all 
the details of his farm but latterly has had to delegate many duties 
to his son owing to his responsibilities as vice president of the 
Remington Bank, and because of his election in 1914 to the 
important office of treasurer of Jasper County. 

In 1889 Charles V. May was united in marriage with Miss Noral 
Irelan, who died in 1897, the mother of two children. Opal and 
Harry. In 1901 Air. May was married to Miss Sallie Shaull, who 
is a daughter of George and Alollie Shaull. Three children have 
been born to the second marriage: Lois, Mary and Robert. 

Mr. May has always been dependable in his adherence, to the 
republican party and on numerous occasions has been honored by 
that organization by election to public offices of trust and 
responsibility. In 1908 he was elected trustee of Carpenter Town- 
ship and served as .such for six consecutive years. After being 
elected to the office of county treasurer, Mr. May made arrange- 
ments to leave his farm, in 1915, when assuming the duties of his 
office, locating with comfortable surroundings, at Remington. Mr. 
May has always managed his private afi'airs carefully and 

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JOHN iii(;(_;i.\s 

"The Drummer I'.oy of tlie T'"ifty-lirst Iiuliana Regiment of 
Infantry in iS6i." 

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judiciously and in his hands the public finances of the county are 
safe. Fraternally he is a Royal Arch Mason at Goodland and a 
member of the I-'astcrn Star at Remington and also an Encamp- 
ment degree Odd b'ellow at Remington, Indiana. 

JOHN Hir.cixs. One of the oldest and most honored citizens of 
.Kcnlj;ind is John lliggins. He is probably one of the youngest 
survivors who saw actual service in the great War of the Rebellion. 
He- w.'i.- hardly in his teens when be liccanic a drummer boy. For 
fully half a century he has been a hard working industrious me- 
chanic and business man, and is still prosecuting bis work vigorously 
at the bead of an insurance, law and abstract office. 

As a boy and young man he came into close touch with the 
hard circumstances of life. He was born in Brooklyn, New York, 
April 24, 1849, a son of Michael and Julia liiggins, of Irish descent. 
At (he age of seven he was left an orphan, and for three years lived 
in the institution of the Children's Aid Society at New York City. 
In December, 1859, he came west with a carload of other children, 
and was adopted by Samuel Bramble of Tippecanoe County. With 
that man, for whose memory he has always had a high esteem, he 
made his home almost continuously until 1865. In the mean- 
time he gained some education and served an apprenticeship at 
the tinner's trade under George W. Smith. 

On October 10, 1861, Mr. Higgins enlisted as a drummer boy 
in Company B of the Fifty-first Indiana Regiment of Infantry. A 
child among men, he served with faithfulness and with the courage 
of a man until March 22, 1863. Just about half a century ago he 
moved to Kentland and took up the work of his trade as tinner, 
which he followed actively until 1888. Mr. Higgins is one of the 
few men whose recollections cover almost the entire period of 
Kentland's history. When he first came here there was one busi- 
ness block, a hotel and five or six stores, with a very few residences 
on the townsite proper. His own business afifairs have prospered 
and he has lent a helping hand to all movements for improve- 
ment and has served many individuals with kindness and a spirit of 
brotherly heli)fulness. 

In 1888 Mr. Higgins was elected county recorder, and filled 
that office four years, at the end of which time he was re-elected 
for another like term, this time without opposition. He then went 
into partnership with Frank A. Comparet, in the law, insurance and 
abstract business. Their association was continued from January, 
1897, until Mr. Coniparet's death in 1905. Since then for the past 
ten years ]\Ir. Higgins has continued alone in business. This is 
his chief occupation and interest, and he has made his office an 
important service in the county. 

In politics he is a republican, and besides his work as county 
recorder he serA'cd as member of the town board three different 
times. In 1907, he was appointed county attorney for Newton 

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Count)', Indiana, serving in that capacity for seven years. He is 
affiliated with the Lodge and Chapter of jMasonry in Kentland and 
with the Council at Monticello. His family are members of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church. 

On September 4, 1S78, "Slv. Higgins married Annie Wittenberg, 
who was born and reared in White County, Indiana, a daugliter of 
Charles and Caroline AMttenberg. Mrs. W ittenberg is yet living 
in White County, but the father is deceased. Mr. and Mrs. Higgins 
are the parents of three cliildrci) : Frederick 1'.., Harry L. and Ruth 
B. Frederick, who died April 20, 1916, was a resident of Los 
Angeles, California, where he was engaged in the railroad busi- 
ness. He \\as a graduate of the Kentland High School. Harry L., 
also educated in the Kentland High School, is pri\ate secretary to 
the general manager of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company at 
Pittsburg. Tlie daughter Ruth is a high school graduate, and 
also pursued a literarv and musical course at De Pauv,- L'niversity. 

J.ASPER Grv. Prominent among the comingcnt of able and 
successful lawyers who are well upholding the prestige of the bar 
of Jasper County stands this well known citizen of Remington, who 
has held for more than twenty-five consecutive years the office of 
village attorney of this place, who controls a substantial and repre- 
sentative lavi- business and who is local attorney for the Pennsyl- 
vania Railroad Company. Further interest attaches to his career 
by reason of the fact that he is a native son of Jasper County and 
a scion of a family that was fou'uled in Jasper County nearly 
seventy years ago. 

On tlie homestead farm of his parents, iii Barkley Township, 
this county, Mr. Guy was born on the 15th of August, 1850, and 
he is one of the Uvo surviving inembers of a family of eight 
children born to Samuel and Adaline (Cave) Cjuy. The father was 
born in Delaware County, Ohio, in 1S15, a member of one of the 
sterling pioneer families of the old Buckeye State, and the latter of 
whom was born in Kentucky, in 1825, their marriage having been 
solemnized in Tippecanoe County, Indiana, where they remained 
until about the year 1848, when they came to Jasper County and 
became pioneer settlers in Barkley Township, where Samuel Guy 
devoted his attention to the reclamation and cultivation of his 
pioneer farmstead for the ensuing eight years. Lie then removed 
with his family to Medaryville, Pulaski County, in which locality he 
continued his activities as an agriculturist and stock-grower until 
about the year i86g, when the family returned to Jasper County 
and established a home in the village of Remington. Here the 
devoted wife and mother died in 1870, and Samuel Guy, who later 
contracted a second marriage, passed to the life eternal in 1885, 
shortly after having attained to the psalmist's span of three score 
years and ten. 

Jasper Guy acquired his early education in the schools of Jas- 

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per and Pulaski counties and remained at the parental home until 
ihc removal of the family to Remington, when, as a youth of about 
nineteen years, he went to the State of Iowa, where he completed 
liis hi{,dier education by a thorough course in Cornell College, at 
Mciini \'er!ion, an institution in which he was graduated as a mem- 
ber of the class of 1S73 and from which he received the degree of 
Jlachelor of Arts. He then returned to Indiana, where he became 
a successful and popular representative of the pedagogic profes- 
sif'iis, hi- effective ser\ices as a teacher having continued until 
1877 and during one term it having been his privilege to be a mem- 
ber of the corps of teachers in the public schools of Remington. 
l;olh in youth and in later years has Mr. Guy been ambitious and 
untiring in the accumulation of knowledge, and he looks upon the 
entire period of human existence as one of progressive education. 
Thus, while 'still engaged in teaching, he devoted himself as- 
siduously to the study of medicine, but he finally gave up the idea 
of preparing himself for the medical profession and during vaca- 
tion periods while teaching school he acquired an excellent 
knowledge of pharmacy by serving as clerk in drug stores. 

In 1877, well fortified in technical knowledge, Mr. Guy engaged 
in the drug business at Remington, and with this line of enterprise 
he continued to be identified about twelve yeais. In the meanwhile 
his ambition and versatile talents were shown by the substantial 
progress he had made in the absorption and assimilation of the 
involved science of jurisprudence, he having come to the determina- 
tion to prepare himself adequately for the practice of law. He 
was admitted to the bar of his native state in 18S8, and since that 
time has been engaged in the active general practice of his profes- 
sion at Remington, where he now has precedence as the virtual dean 
of the local bar and where his close application, and his recog- 
nized ability as a resourceful trial lawyer and well fortified coun- 
selor, have gained to him unequivocal success, as well as high 
standing at the bar of this section of the state. As oreviously 
stated, he is local attorney for the Pennsylvania Railroad Company 
and has been for more than a quarter of a century retained con- 
secutively in the office of village attorney. In connection with his 
law practice he has developed a substantial insurance and loan busi- 
ness. Mr. Guy has been a leader in local sentiment and action and 
has wielded much influence in the furtherance of enterprises and 
measures that have inured greatly to the benefit of his attractive 
little home city and that of the community in general. His political 
allegiance is given to the republican party and he is an effective 
exponent of its principles and policies, though he has never been 
imbued with ambition for political office. Both he and his wife are 
zealous members of the Christian Church of Remington. 

In 1S74 Mr. Guy wedded Miss Emma Hartman, and tb.e 
cherished and devoted wife of his youth continued his companion 
and liel))mate for twenty years, when the marital tics were severed 

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by her death, in 1894. Concerning the cliildren of this union brief 
record is here given: Grace became, in i&jj, the wife of Eugene 
Dingman, and she was summoned to tlie h"fe eternal in 1906, being 
sur\i\ed by her husband and one son, Frank; Pearl is the wife of 
John W. Reed, one of the managers of a leading mercantile estab- 
lishment in the city of Indianapolis; Homer liolds the position of 
superintendent of the signal ser\ice dejiartnicnt of the Atchison, 
Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad Company, with headquarler.s .in 
Kansas City, Missouri; Leroy died in 1906, at the age of twenty- 
two years; Myrtle is the wife of Augustus Leonhardi, of Los 
Angeles, California, and they have one son, Sun)ner; liessie, the 
wife of Robert Gardner, of Bennettsville, Indiana ; and Dale is 
employed as a lineman in the service of the Pennsylvania Railroad 

In 1909 Air. Guy contracted a second marriage, when Hclene A. 
Roades became his wife, and they have one daughter, Geraldine. 
]Mr. Guy has also been a member of tlie Indiana Bar, since October, 

JAMF..S A. \\'.\sHr,URX. In 1915 was recorded eighteen years of 
Mr. Washburn's continuous residence in the attractive and vigorous 
village of Remington, Jasper Cotmty, and during this entire period 
he has here been a jjromincnt factor in the grain business, with 
which he is still actively ideiitified. He is one of the liberal and 
progressi\-e business men of Remington and liis civic loyalty is 
shown in his constant and lielpful interest in all that touches the 
welfare of the community. 

From the time of his nativity has Air. A\'asliburn been a resi- 
dent of northwestern Indiana, and he was born at Kentland, the 
judicial center of Newton County, on the 6th of August, 1870, a 
scion of an old and honored Indiana family. He is a son of Perry 
and Elizabeth (Clayton) Washburn, who established their home at 
Kentland in 1869, the father later becoming a prosperous and repre- 
sentative farmer in Benton County, where his death occurred. His 
widow now resides at Kentland, and of the nine children seven 
still survive the honored father. 

James A. Washburn found the period of his boyhood and early 
youth compassed by the influence of the home farm, in Benton 
County, and parental admonition as well as [personal appreciation 
caused him to make good use of the advantages afforded to him in 
the district schools. After leaving the farm he acquired his 
novitiate in practical business by entering the employ of W^arren 
T. McCray, who was engaged in the buying and sbi]j]iing of grain 
at Kentland. A year later, in 1S97, Mr. Wa.sliburn, as a i)arliicr in 
the grain business of the firm of McCray, Alorrison & Compaiiy, 
became its repiesentatixe at Remington, and in 1899 the substan- 
tial business lierc conducted by the firm made but consistent the 
changing of the commercial title of the concern to the Remington 

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Grain Company. In October, lyio, the business ^Yas sold to the 
Remington Farmers' Elevator Comjiany, and at this juncture in his 
career Mr. Washburn became associated in an acti\e way with the 
Franis Kellcy (jrain Comijany, with which representative Remington 
corporation lie ha? since maintained his alliance. lie is an acknowl- 
cdi;e(l authority in all that pertains to the grain business and is one 
of il.s jirominent representatives in this part of his native state. 

In politics Mr. Washburn accords unqualified allegiance to the 
ilcir.o.-ratic party and he is an influential factor in its local acti\itios, 
{"■sides which he has held various public offices of minor order, and 
in .'914 was his party's unsuccessful candidate for the office of 
county commissioner. He is affiliated with the Remington lodge 
and chapter of York Rite of the time-honored ]\Iasonic fraternity 
and also holds membership in the local lodge of the Knights of 
Pythias. Both he and his wife are members of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church. 

October 21, 1896, was the date on which was solemnized the 
marriage of Mr. W^ashburn to Aliss Lydia Shonkwiler, of Raub, 
Benton County, and their pleasant home in Remington is a center 
of generous hospitality. They have five children : Nina, Will, 
Lowell, Lucille and Grace. 

John Fknwick. Among the prominent residents of Carpen- 
ter To\\-nship is John Fenwick, general farmer and stock raiser, 
but now living retired, whose home has been in Jasper County for 
more than forty years. He has been a witness to much of the 
growth and development that have occurred in this time, and as the 
years have passed he has so directed his labors that success has 
resulted and he is enabled to enjoy a competence won by hard work 
and a strict integrity. 

A native of England, he was born in North Lincolnshire Alay 
25, 1847, =1 son of Edward and Mary J. Fenwick. He grew up in 
his native EnglisI country, gained a limited equipment of scholastic 
knowledge there, and from an early age has been closely acquainted 
with hard work as a means of pushing oneself forward in the 
world. In 1870 he emigrated to America, and for a couple of 
years worked in different forms of labor near Joliet, Illinois. 

In 1S73 lie came to Jasper County, locating in Jordan Town- 
shij), and has been identified with this section of Indiana ever since. 
On August 9, 1877, Mr. Fenwick married Mrs. Mary A. Harris 
Sage, widow of the late George Sage, and eight children were born 
of that union, of whom three are living: Mary E., the wife of John 
Eck, a farmer of Carpenter Township, and they have three chil- 
dren, Alary, Nellie and AVilliam; Warren W. Sage, a farmer who 
is married and resides near Rensselaer; and John W. Sage, a resi- 
dent of Goodland and an agriculturist. He has been twice married, 
first to Delia Farmer, and they had one daughter, Ora, who is a 
teacher, and his second marriage was with Irma Heath, and they a .son, John R. Mrs. Fenwick was born in Baltimore County, 

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Maryland, April 25, 183S, a daughter of Thomas and JMary (Alban) 
Harris, and one of their five living children, namely: Ellen, the 
widow of Isaac W'estfall and a resident of Kansas City, Missouri; 
]\Irs. P^enwick; John, who is a resident of Remington, a farmer, a 
democrat and a member of the Christian Church; Ann Eliza, wife 
of Van Buren Hincs, a retired farmer living in Arkansas; and 
Violet E., widow of Joseph Glosser, of Remington. Both Mr. and 
Mrs. Harris were natives of Maryland, and they came to Indiana 
when their daughter Mrs. Fenwick, was sixteen years of age. Mr. 
Harris, who was a tiller of the soil, accumulated a farm of 160 
acres in Carpenter Township. He affiliated with the democratic 
party and was a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church. Both 
he and his wife were laid to rest in tiic Egypt cemetery in Car- 
penter Township. 

Mr. and I\Irs. Fenwick have had two children. The daughter 
Lucy is now deceased. Joseph Franklin, the only survivor, is a 
resident of Jordan Township, and by his marriage to Anna Wort- 
ley, has five children named Edith, Opal, Fern, Oral and an infant 
still unnamed. Joseph F. Fenwick is a member of the Church of 
the Living God and is affiliated with the democratic party. 

In politics Mr. Fenwick has identified himself with the demo- 
cratic party since gaining American citi.?;enship, though the seek- 
ing of office has been furthest from his desires or aspirations. He 
has played the part of a worthy citizen without striving for the 
honors that go with public oflice, and has always favored local 
improvements. He and his wife are both members of the Church 
of the Living God. At the present time Mr. and Mrs. Fenwick live 
retired in the village of Remington, where they have had a com- 
fortable home since the fall of 1905. Mr. Fenwick owns eighty 
acres of first class farming land and also owns his home and other 
property in the town. 

Hume L. Sammoxs. Any community can be grateful for the 
possession of such citizens as Hume L. Sammons. He is a lawyer 
by profession, and in fifteen years has established a reputation for 
sound ability and patient and careful handling of every trust. He 
has proved a real leader in public affairs. It is not his disposition 
to rest content with present achievement, especially when tlic 
standard of public improvements is lower than it ought to be. 
Hence he has done much to bring Kenlland forward as a progressive- 
municipality, and at the present time is serving as Kentland's post- 

A native of this section of Indiana, he was bom near Morocco 
in Newton County April 2, 1S71, a son of Nicholas D. and [Margaret 
(W^oolnough) Sammons. His parents were of English ancestry 
and were born in Canada, near Niagara Falls, Ontario. They were 
reared, educated and married there, and became the parents of 
four children. James B., now deceased, wlio was drowned in iSPo 


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in Puget Sound, k\hilc a member of the United States Regular 
Army; Emma V., who is the wife of Judge Darroch of Kentland; 
George M., a merchant at Milford, Ilh'nois; and Hume L. 

It was about iS&o that the Sammons family moved to Newton 
County and located in Beaver Township. The father follow^ed 
farming and stock raising and general trading- and during the period 
of the Civil war was employed as a bookkeeper for the Sandwich 
Manufacturing Company. Later he taught school for two years 
in Newton County. He was also for a time engaged in work 
for Mr. Young. About 1876 he entered the drug busi- 
ness at Donovan, Illinois, and from there removed to iMilford, 
Illinois, and conducted a hotel until he retired about 1896. His 
death occurred in Milford, Illinois, March 26, 1906, while his wife 
passed away April 8, 1908. Both are buried at Milford. Nicholas 
D. Sammons was one of the organizers and a charter member of 
the Masonic Lodge at Morocco, and his wife was a member of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church. 

Hume L. Sammons acquired his early education at Milford, 
Illinois. He has had a great variety of experience and has acquired 
a large knowledge of men and afifairs. As a boy he apprenticed 
himself to leam the printer's trade, beginning at sixteen and at the 
age of nineteen was enjoying the responsibilities as editor and fore- 
man of the principal paper at Milford. At the age of twenty-two 
he was one of the projMietors and was managing editor of a daily 
paper at Kankakee. 

■ It was in 1896 that Mr. Sammons removed to Kentland and 
took up the study of law with the firm of Cummings & Darroch. 
After admission to the bar he started independent practice in 1901, 
and has now been an active member of the bar for fifteen years. 
For a democrat in a normally republican community Mr. Sammons 
has accomplished the seeming impossible on several occasions as 
head of the democratic organization and has exercised a potent 
influence in public affairs. In 1913 he was appointed to the office 
of postmaster. Some years earlier as a member of the local town 
board he undertook to remedy certain conditions and succeeded 
admirably. Poor city pavements were replaced with good ones, 
bad wooden sidewalks with cement, and in many ways the general 
appearance and convenience of the little community were thor- 
oughly changed for the better. Some ill feeling was aroused by 
such progressiveness, but in the end his work was thoroughly appre- 
ciated and some years later he was unanimously elected as a non- 
partisan candidate for the town board. Again he proved a valuable 
factor in a later stage of town improvements, and brought about the 
construction of the splendid new waterworks, established boulevard 
lights and sanitary drinking fountains in the business district of 
Kentland. Mr. Sammons in conjunction with C. C. Kent organ- 
ized Kent State Bank in 1910, and has been a director of that insti- 
tution since its organization. He is now president of the school 

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board, vice president of the library board and was a member of 
the building committee which constructed the local library build- 

On July 4, i8y7, he married Miss Elizabeth Eenwick, of Kanka- 
kee, Illinois. They are the parents of two children: George P., 
born August ii, 1S98, who was graduated from the Kcntland High 
School with the class of 1916; and Florence M., born August 22, 
1902, a member of the freshman class of the Kcntland High School. 

S. G. H.\NU. I'resident of the State Uank of Remington, where 
he has had his home for a little over ten years, Mr. Hand is a 
veteran railroad man, and spent the greater part of his active years 
as a telegraph operator and station agent in Indiana. Since coming 
to Remington he has been closely identified with its Inisiness and 
civic life. 

Born at New Albany, Indiana, August 26, 1852, he is a son of 
L. F. Hand, who was a civil engineer by profession and served for 
many terms as surveyor of Floyd County, Indiana. In New Albany 
S. G. Hand spent the first seventeen years of his life, and in that 
time gained a common school education. In 1869 he went to San 
Pierre, and a few months later went lo Grundy County, Illinois, 
and found work as a farm hand during the summers while he 
attended school in the winter. With bis small savings he then took 
a course in telegraphy, and following that for twenty-nine years 
was employed as an operator and station agent at difTerent places 
in Indiana, and continuously in the service of the Pennsylvania Rail- 
road Company. He was at Kentland for nineteen years, and while 
there became interested in the grain business at Remington, which 
brought him to that Jasper County town in 1904. He also spent 
two years at Toledo, Ohio, but was really there only for the purpose 
of giving bis daughter a home while she was gaining her musical 

Mr. Hand was one of the organizers of the State Bank of 
Remington, and has since been identified with its growth and 
prosperity. He is a republican in politics, and he and his family are 
members of the Presbyterian Church. In 1876 he married Miss 
Rachel Taylor. They have two daughters : Grace A. is the wife 
of Alviere Milligan, who was formerly in the banking business in 
Florida; and Edith B., who is the wife of H. Pierre Branning, now 
presiding judge of the Eleventh Judicial District of Florida. Mr. 
Hand is now serving bis second term as a member of the town 
board of Remington, while Mrs. Hand is a member of the Reming- 
ton Library Board. 

Walter E. Joiixston. A great proportion of the trade in 
lumber, coal and general building material handled at Remington 
is through the firm of C. P.. Johnston & Son. They h.ave a large 
sum invested in a conijalete stock of lumber, coal, glass, sewer pipe, 

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salt, lime, cement, brick aiKl everything known in the huildinrj line 
includinj^ nails and fencing materials. 

The constituent members of the firm are Charles B. Johnston 
and his son ^^ 'alter E. Johnston. On November i6, 1908, they came 
to Remington and bought out the Jasper County Lumber Company, 
and have since continued and expanded this successful concern. 
Tlic Johnston family lived at Arrowsmith, Illinois, prior to their re- 
moval to Remington, and were in the lumber and grain business 
ill that Illinois town for a number of years. 

Charles B. Johnston was born at Branch Hill near Cincinnati, 
Ohio, June 16, 1848, and his son was bom in the same locality 
December 7, 1874. Charles B. Johnston married Ida Eveland, who 
was also a native of Ohio. Their five children are: Walter E. ; 
Anna G., wife of John D. Snyder, living at Hutchinson, Kansas; 
Margaret, at home ; Dr. C. Roy, of Decatur, Illinois ; and Ida Bertha, 
who is the \\ife of Dr. J. A. Meiner and lives at Kokomo. 

Charles B. Johnston was formerly a democrat in politics, but is 
now a prohibitionist, and his son has followed in the same direc- 
tion. Walter E. Johnston is afifiliated with Arrowsmith Lodge No. 
737, Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, but his father is a mem- 
ber of no secret order. The latter is a Methodist, while Walter is 
a member of the Christian Church and has been superintendent of 
the Sunday School ever since moving to Remington. Walter E. 
Johnston received his high school education in Washburn, Illinois, 
and afterward studied both law and commercial courses at Blooni- 
ington, Illinois. 

Walter E. Johnston married i\Iiss Ora Cline, daughter of S. E. 
and Mary Cline of Arrowsmith, Illinois. Their two children, both 
at home in Remington, are Francis E. and Janet J. Mrs. Johnston 
is a member of the Remington Library Board. 

Eliezer W. Sage. \Vell may this sterling and honored citizen 
of Jasper County consider himself fortunate in being the owner 
of one of the fine farms of Newton Township, where he holds pres- 
tige as one of the representative agriculturists and stock-growers of 
the county and where he has maintained his home since i8go. 
His well improved homestead comprises 180 acres of most pro- 
ductive land, and in addition to this place he is the owner of a 
valuable farm of 160 acres in Paulding County, Ohio, and a fine 
landed estate of 632 acres in the State of Minnesota, — conditions 
that significantly vouch for the success that has attended his efforts 
as a progressive agriculturist and stock-raiser. 

A scion of a pioneer family of Illinois, Mr. Sage was born in 
Will County, that state, on the 28th of April, 1849. He is one of a 
family of fourteen children, of whom seven are now living. He 
iiears the full patronymic of his honored father, Eliezer W. Sage, 
Sr., and the maiden name of his mother was Mary Willard, both 
parents having been born in the State of New York. His father. 

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whose entire active career was devoted to the hasic industry of 
agriculture, was a brother of the late Russell Sage, the noted New 
York capitalist and financier. Eliezer W. Sage, Sr., removed from 
the old Empire State to Will County, Illinois, in 1832, and he 
settled in the veritable wilderness, where Indians were more in evi- 
dence than white men. In that county he reclaimed and improved 
an excellent pioneer farm and became a prominent and influential 
citizen of his commuity, both he and his wife passing the residue 
of their lives in Will County and each attaining to venerable age. 

Eliezer AY. Sage, Jr., the immediate subject of this review, was 
reared to sturdy discipline of the home farm and his early edu- 
cational advantages were tliose afforded in the public schools of his 
native county, including a high-school course. When the Civil war 
was precipitated upon the nation his youthful patriotism and loyalty 
were roused to responsive )>rote5t, and on the 23d of December, 1863, 
about four montlis prior to his fifteenth birthday anniversary, he 
tendered his services in defense to the Union, by enlisting in Com- 
pany D, Seventy-second Illinois Volunteer Infantry. Prior to this 
he had enlisted in Company E, One Hundredth Illinois Volunteer 
Infantry, but through the influence of his father he was transferred 
to the regiment first mentioned. Mr. Sage gained his initial exper- 
ience in practical conflict of war by his participation in the siege of 
Vicksburg, and for several months after the capture of that city 
he was there retained in provost service. With his command he 
joined Sherman's army in time to take part in the siege and battle 
of Atlanta, and later his regiment was sent back to Nashville, 
Tennessee, to aid in checking the advance of the Confederate forces 
under General Hood. In this connection he participated in the 
engagements at Columbia, Spring Hill, Franklin and Nashville, 
after which he went South with his command and look part in the 
engagement of Spanish Fort, at Mobile, Alabama. The regiment 
then proceeded to Montgomery, that state, and on to Meridian, 
Mississippi, where it was disbanded. As Mr. Sage's term of enlist- 
ment had not expired he was transferred to and became a member 
of Company I, Thirty-third Illinois \^olunteer Infantry, and there- 
after lie was stationed with this command at Vicksburg until he re- 
ceived his honorable discharge, on the 7th of December, 1865. 
Owing to his extreme youth the military ser%'ice of Mr. Sage was as 
a member of the regimental band, and he had the distinction of 
being one of the youngest drummer boys in the Union ranks, the 
while he stands today as probably the youngest veteran of the Civil 
War to be found in Jasper Count}-. In the battle of Franklin he 
received a gunshot wound through the left wrist, but fortunately no 
bones were broken and. he was soon found giving his active attention 
once more to his duties as a drummer boy. His record was one that 
shall ever reflect credit and honor upon his name and he vitalizes his 
interest in his old comrades thiough liis active and appreciative 
affiliation with the Grand Army of the Republic. In politics Mr.' 

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Sage lias never strayed from the patli marking strict allegiance to 
the cause of the republican party, though he has not been imbued 
with any desire for jnihlic office or the turbulance of practical 

After the close of the war Mr. Sage, a youthful veteran who 
had won well merited honors, returned to Will County, Illinois, 
where he resumed his active association with agricultural pursuits. 
There, in 1869, was solemnized his marriage to Miss Alletta Buell, 
and she passed to the life eternal in 1872, after having become the 
mother of six children, George (deceased), Alta, Roy, Clarence, 
Cora and Helen. 

In 1873 Mr. Sage wedded I\'liss Sarah ]5utts, who has continued 
his devoted companion and helpmeet during the long intervening 
period of more than forty years. Of their five children Ethel 
and Eliezer are deceased, and those surviving are Esther, Russell 
and Kcrmit. 

In 1890 Mr. Sage established his residence in Jasper County, 
where he has since continued his active and successful endeavors 
as one of the resourceful and representative farmers of the county. 

Alexander L. The late Alexander L. Geizelman 
was born in the vicinity of Hanover, Pennsylvania, January 25, 
1850, and he died February 3, 191 1, in Pensacola, Florida, v,'here he 
had gone in search of health. " A resident of Kentland for twenty- 
five years, he ^\'as a prosperous and successful farmer of the com- 
munit}', and he left to his family, aside from the heritage of a good 
name, a nice farming property in the county that had so long been 
his home. 

Mr. Geizelman was the son of Jesse and Elizabeth (Kohlcr) 
Geizelman, both natives of Pennsylvania, of German ancestry, and 
they later became residents of Woodsborro, Frederick County, 
I^Iaryland, where they spent their last days. They were the parents 
of three sons. Alexander Geizelman was reared and educated 
mainly in Maryland. FJe had a common school training and he 
was still a young boy when he began to work for his brother on 
his farm. When he was twenty-two years old he came West, settling 
in Newton County, Indiana, and there engaging in farming and 
stockraising on his own responsibility. Indeed, that was his life 
work, and from then on he devoted himself almost exclusixely to 
that enterprise. He married on September 30, 1873, and with 
his young wife settled on one of the farms of his wife's father, who 
was a large property owner in Newton County at that time. After 
about three years later they took up their residence with Mr. Sell, his 
wife's father, and they continued to make their home there as long 
as Mr. .Sell lived. Flis wife, who was Emma R. Sell, the daughter 
of John A. and Elizabeth (Wise) Sell, bore him five children. Four 
of tliLin died in infancy, and their one living child is Jennie, who was 
niarricd to William J. Ayres at Kentland on December 26, 1899. 

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Mr. Aj'res was born in Pennsylvania, attended the schools of Phil- 
adelphia and graduated in law and finance at the University of Penn- 
sylvania. He was admitted to the bar of his native state, and 
at the present time is an honored member of the Newton County 
bar. He has also spent years as a practical miner, being versed in 
mineralogy and geology, and his field of operation has been both 
the East and the West. He is a republican in his political affilia- 
tions and is a member of the Newton County Bar Association. 

Mr. Geizelman was a successful farmer, and aside from the 
operation of his own fine pla(;e of 260 acres, he successfully and 
ably managed the farm properties belonging to Mr. Sell, concerning 
whom it is fitting that further mention be made at this point. 

John A. Sell came to Newton County from Ohio in 1868. His 
birthplace was in Adams County, Pennsylvania, and the date of 
his birth, May 15, 1812. He died here on January 14, 1886. His 
first wife was Lydia Sell, who died, leaving five children. On Au- 
gust 13, 1848, Mr. Sell married filizabeth Wise, and four daughters 
were born to them. Up to the year 1836 Mr. Sell made his home 
in Pennsylvania, his native state, but in that year he located in 
Canton, Stark County, Ohio, coming thence to Newton County, 
Indiana, in 1868, as has been stated above. He was a staunch repub- 
lican all his later days, and a member of the German Reformed 
Church. He spent his life in successful farming in Newton County 
and is now buried by the side of his wife in River Cemetery. He 
was the owner of about 700 acres of fine farming lands when he 
died, as 'well as certain other properties in the county. 

Mr. Geizelman was a republican in jxilitics, but never sought 
office. He was a member of the German Lutheran Church and of 
the Knights of Pythias of Kentland, Indiana. 

Daniel Swaney Makekvmk. Success consists in a .steady 
betterment of one's material condition and an increase of one's 
ability to render service to others. Measured by this standard, one of 
the exceptionally successful men of Jasper County is Daniel Swaney 
Makeever, known not only through his extensive land holdings and 
farming interests, but also through his business and official rela- 
•tions with the county. He is now one of the county commissioners. 
All his life has been spent in Jasper County, and his career has 
been one of steady rise to independence and prosperity. 

Born on the farm where he now resides in Newton Township 
January 6, 1869, he bears the same name as his father, and was 
one of three children. His older brother, David C. Makeever, died 
in middle life, and his family has since removed from Jasper 
County. The only sister, Mary Elizabeth, married FcH.n: \V. Lester, 
and now lives in the State of Nebraska. 

Daniel Swaney Makeever grew up on the old homestead in 
Newton Township, gained his first training in the local schools and 
then entered the Rensselaer High School. Two months before 

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his graduation his father died, and that event caused him to as- 
sume at once the various res])onsibihties of hfe. During the sum- 
mer of 1887 he took a business course at the Eastman's Business 
College in Poughkeepsie, New York, but his career of substantial 
industry has always been identified with farming. 

On September 2"], 1S92, he married ]^liss Emelinc Randle, 
daughter of James T. Randle. They are the parents of one 
daughter. Ruth C. 

An active republican of Jasper County, Mr. Makeever in 1912 
was elected a member of the iioard of County Commissioners, 
and is still giving much of his time and attention to the duties 
of that office. As a farmer he own 560 acres in his home place, 
and altogether has about sixteen hundred acres in Jasper County. 
He has shown a great deal of business judgment and enterprise 
in all his dealings, and his business record is given further testi- 
monial through his relations as a director with the First National 
and the Trust Banks at Rensselaer, and he is a stockholder in 
banks at Mount Ayr and Wheatfield. Mr. and Mrs. Makeever are 
members of the Methodist Episcopal Church. 

Christian- Henslf.r. In looking back over the half century 
that has elapsed since he first settled in Jasper County, Indiana, 
Christian Hensler can recall much that belongs to the progressive 
history of the state. He has seen the settlement of hardy pioneers, 
the clearing and developing of land, the building of comfortable 
farm houses, the founding of churches and schools that assured edu- 
cation for the children, and the introduction of marvelous agricul- 
tural machinery that has lessened the farmer's toil while adding 
to the volume of his products. Mr. Hensler can recall much more 
that is interesting for he is the oldest surviving settler of Carpenter 

Christian Hensler was born in Tuscarawas County, Ohio, 
March 12, 1835, and is one of the two surviving children in a 
family of eight born to his parents. Christian and Mary M. Rosina 
Hensler. They were natives of Wittenberg, Germany, where they 
grew to mature years and married and remained in Germany until 
after the birth of four of their children. The father learned the 
fuller's trade and after coming to the United States he found 
work for a time in that line in Ohio. About 1844, about the time 
that James K. Polk was elected president of the United States, 
he removed with his family to Indiana and located in Owen County. 
After the death of his wife there. Christian Hensler, Sr., moved to 
Wabash County but later came to Jasper County and made his 
home with his son Christian until his death. 

In his boyhood Christian Hensler had few of the advantages 
that now are given to youth as a birthright. He was only fourteen 
years of age when he left home to make his own way in the world, 
without a dollar of capital and that he succeeded so well is proof 

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that there was stability in his character and that he was not only 
industrious but honest and self resjK'cting-. For several years he 
worked in different ])laccs, usually on farms, and in 1856 found 
liimself in Hardin County, Iowa. There he labored as a farmer 
until 1S59, when he returned to Indiana and began operating farm 
land in I'enton County, situated six miles south and one mile east 
of Remington and continued there until 1865, when he moved to 
Remington and in the follo%\ing year became a general fanner in 
Carpenter Township, in which section he has lived ever since. Re- 
membering that lie started out alone without any capital it is a 
remarkable fact that through his perseverance and industry alone 
he should have been able to accumulate so large a body of valuable 
.land as 1,600 acres, 600 of which he yet retains, having generously 
given 1,000 acres to his children. The possession of this land repre- 
sented much self denial and many years of hard work. 

In 1858 Christian Hensler was united in marriage with Miss 
Mary M. Wiggins, and they have had the following children : Kath- 
erine, who is now deceased; George, who iS a farmer; Charles, 
who is a resident of Remington and a farmer in Jordan Town- 
ship; Jacob A., who is a merchant at Remington; Clarissa, who is 
the wife of Carey Mitchell, a resident of Carpenter Township; 
Rosa, who is the wife of Emil Alberding, a resident of Carpenter 
Township; and two who died in infancy. 

]\Ir. Hensler is a republican in politics but aside from local 
positions he has continuously declined political office. He has 
always been foremost in working for the benefit of farmers, advocat- 
ing the value of good roads and the following of improved methods 
and for years served as president of the annual agricultural fair 
held at Remington. He came to Jasper County at a time when the 
whole country in this region was but sparsely settled and his good 
citizenship has been such that he has been a factor in the growth 
and development of the county. He has survived many of those 
who were his early neighbors but he is widely known and his 
circle of friends and well wishers is large. He has been per- 
mitted to live to see his children all happily settled in life and has 
contributed to the same and has the satisfaction of knowing that 
they are among the most estimable and useful people of Carpenter 

Jacoi! A. Hensler. On other pages of this publication appears 
a review of the career and family record of Christian Hensler, 
father of him whose name introduces this paragraph, and thus it 
is not necessary to repeat the data in the present connection, though 
it may incidentally be noted that Christian Hensler was num- 
bered among the early settlers at Remington, Jasper County, that 
he was born in Ohio, and that his wife, whose maiden name was 
Margaret Wiggins, was born in Pennsylvania, five of their eight 
children still surviving. 

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Jacob A. Heiislcr, who is now one of the enterprising and 
repnscnlativc merchants of Remington, where he is engaged in the 
grocer)' and meat-market Ijusiness, was bom in this village on the 
15th of November, 1865, and he was six months old when his 
parC-nts removed to their farm, four miles north and one and one- 
half miles West of Remington. He was reared to adult age under 
tiie sturdy discipline of the home farm, in connection with the 
operations of which he early found ample demands upon his 
fir,'^ and attention, though ne^-er denied his share of youthful 
recreation. As a boy he was employed in herding cattle through- 
out the country surrounding his home, and though his educational 
advantages were limited he gained sufficient fundamental training 
to enable him to develop the broader education that is to be had 
only through association with the practical duties and responsibil- 
ities of a workaday world. 

Mr. Hensler remained at the parental home until he had at- 
tained to the age of twenty-eight years, and shortly afterward took 
unto himself a wife and made ready, with his devoted young wife, 
to initiate an independent career. On the 17th of January, 1895, 
he wedded Miss Anna B. Ford, and he then engaged in farming 
and stock-growing on the well improved farm which he still 
owns, the same comprising 135 acres and being eligibly situated in 
Carpenter Township, four and one-half miles northeast of Reming- 
ton. As a successful and industrious agriculturist and stock-grower 
I*Ir. jTensler there continued operations until the autumn of 1912, 
when he removed with his family to his native village of Reming- 
ton, where he is now successfully established in the grocery and 
meat market business, with a well equipped establishment that 
commands a substantial and representative trade, the scope and 
character of the patronage indicating the confidence and esteem 
in which Mr. Hensler is held in the community. He has won success 
through close application and good business judgment, has man- 
ifested loyal interest in public affairs of a local order, has neglected 
none of the duties of citizenship, is a staunch supporter of the 
cause of the republican party, but has had no aspiration for official 
preferment of any description. Mr. Hensler is affiliated with the 
Knights of Pythias, the Masonic fraternity and the Loyal Order 
of Moose. He and his wife have two children: Towell F. and 

JriJOME H. BiDDLR, This honored and representative citizen of 
the \'illage of Remington, Jasper Coimty, has been a resident of this 
section of the state for forty-five years, and the homestead farm 
on which he resided until his removal to Remington, in 1912, is 
situated in Denton' County, adjacent to the line between that and 
Jasper counties and only 2i/^ miles distant from Remington. It 
has been the privilege and pleasure of Mr. Biddle to render loyal 
•lid in the civic and material de\-clnpment and progress of this 

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pari of Indiana, where he lias long been known and honored as a 
man of Ijroad mental ken, mature judgment and sterling integrity, 
as well as a citizen of indefatigable energy and pronounced pro- 
gressiveness and public spirit. He has shown both initiative and 
constructive ability in connection with business, industrial and civic 
affairs and thus has represented a strong and benignant force in the 
community, his residence in the lloosier State lia\-ing covered half 
a century and it having been his distinction to serve as a youthful 
and loyal soldier of the Union during a jiortion of the Civil war. 
He is a scion of a family that has been one of no little prominence 
and distinction in American annals since the early colonial era of our 
national history, and, representatives of the name have held posi- 
tions of high public trust. The representative Biddle family of 
Pennsylvania is of collateral kinship to that of which the subject 
of this review is a member, and readers of American history will 
recall the influential part that was played in connection with the 
nation's fiscal affairs by Hon. Nicholas Biddle, at the time of the 
administration of President Jackson. Various states of the Union 
have been honored by the character and services of members of 
this family, and the genealogical record in general is one in which 
any scion may well take pride. The original American progenitors 
of the Biddle family came from England to the colonies of the New 
World in 1634, and of its representatives in Indiana undoubtedly 
the most distinguished figure is the late Judge Horace P. Biddle, 
who served n.iany years on the bench in Cass County and later on 
that of the Supreme Court of the State. He was a man of eminent 
intellectuality, accumulated one of the largest and best private libra- 
ries in the state, and passed the closing years of his long and useful 
life on his idyllic little homestead, known as Biddle's Island, in the 
Wabash l\i\-er, and virtually a part of the City of Logansport. He 
whose name initiates this article is the only representative of his 
or earlier generations of the family who has ever lived in Jasper 
County, and when he established his home in this section of the 
state. Remington, now a most modern, vigorous and attractive little 
town, was little more than a hamlet, with no sidewalks and with 
little else to distinguish it from a rural "four corners" community. 
He himself has played a meritorious part in the develojiment and 
upbuilding of the village and surrounding districts, and few citizens 
are more widely known, none held in greater esteem than this 
sterling pioneer of the middle pioneer era. 

Mr. Biddle was born in Eleming County, Kentucky, on the 29th 
of November, 1845, and is one of the seven children of Stephen P 
and Elizabeth (Shockey) Biddle. After the death of his first wife, 
who was a native of Kentucky, Stephen P. Biddle married Eveline 
Ross, and of the children of this union two attained to adult age.. 
The second wife died in the prime of womanhood and later Mr. 
Biddle married Catherine Duvall, who bore him one child. 

Stephen P. Biddle likewise was born in Eleming County, Ken- 

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tucky, and was a son of Stephen BidcUe, who was a native of New 
Icrsc}-, whence he removed to Maryland, in which latter slate he 
maintained his home until his removal to Kentucky, where he became 
a pioneer settler in ncming County and where he and his wife 
passed the residue of their lives. In the climacteric period leading 
up to ihe Civil war Stephen V. Biddle was unalterably opposed to 
an\- ai lion looking to the dismemberment of the Union and when 
the war was prccijjitated he was one of those loyal Kentuckians 
whose efforts made possible the keeping of the Bluegrass State in 
the Union, though it will be recalled that great power and intluence 
were exerted to bring aliout its secession. As he lived in a com- 
munily in which Confederate sympathizers and sup])orters were 
much in preponderance he found his surroundings anything but 
agrecal'le at the time of the war, and to save annoyance and 
humiliation to himself and other members of his family he removed 
to Illinois, in which state he continued his residence until his death, 
his third wife dying a number of years before him. 

Jerome IT. Biddle was reared to adult age on the homestead farm 
of his father, in Fleming County, Kentucky, and such were the 
conditions and exigencies of time and place that his early educa- 
tional advantages were somewhat limited, though adequate to form 
the foundation on which he has since upbuilt the stable superstruc- 
ture of broad and comprehensive knowledge which he has gained 
through well ordered reading and other self-application, as well as 
through association with men and affairs. He is a man of alert 
mentality and has at all times kept in touch with current events, 
the questions and issues of the hour, and is well fortified in his 
convictions and opinions, the courage of which he has never lacked, 
though he failed to manifest the slightest intellectual bigotry or 
intolerance. It may be said also that he has read with circumspec- 
tion and appreciation much of the best in classical and general 
English literature, and that he continues to find unalloyed pleasure 
and satisfaction in his communion with his large and select private 

Mr. Biddle was not yet sixteen years of age at the inception of 
the Civil war and before he had attained to the age of seventeen 
years he contrived to realize his ambition, prompted by youthful 
loyalty and patriotism, and to tender his services in defense of the 
cause of the Union. On the 20th of July, 1862, he enlisted in Com- 
pany K, Seventh Kentucky Cavalry, and with this gallant command 
his first engagement with the enemy was at Big Hill, Kentucky. 
Somewhat later he took part in a spirited engagement at Richmond, 
that state, at which place he was cajitured and paroled. He took 
part in three battles, was made corporal of his comijany, and his 
period of active military scr\ice covered four months. His enlist- 
ment look place when he was but sixteen years old and his father 
refused to permit him to re-enlist after the expiration of his original 
term of service. 

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At the age of twenty years Mr. Biddle initiated his independent 
career by engaging in farming on shares, in Indiana. Later he 
broadened his experience by teaching in rural schools and clerking 
in mercantile establishments in Indiana, to which state he came in 
1865, shortly prior to the celebration of his twentieth birthday anni- 
versary. During the lirst five years of his residence in Indiana Mr. 
Biddle Jiiaintained his home in jMontgomery County, and he then 
removed to Benton County, where he rented land and engaged in 
farming in Gilboa Township. After three years of operations 
under these conditions he purchased a tract of 160 acres in Gilboa 
Township, contiguous to the Jasper County line, this property hav- 
ing virtually no improvements of appreciable order and but a minor 
part of the tract ha\ing been brought under cultivation. With 
characteristic energy and circunis])ection he bent his efforts to the 
reclaiming and improving of the property, which is now one of 
the most valuable and productive farms in Benton County and 
the ownershi]) of which he still retains, the place, as previously inti- 
mated, being but 2^4 miles distant from Remington, to which village 
he removed in December, 1912. Here he has since li\ed virtually 
retired, finding adecjuate demands upon his time and attention in 
according a general supervision of his farm and varied capitalistic 
interests and having no desire to make retirement imply inactivity 
or sybaritic ease. 

■ Mr. Biddle was one of the- organizers of the Remington State 
Bank, was its first \'ice-president and later served one year as 
president. He continued a member of its directorate until 1914 and 
is still one of its stockholders. Mr. Biddle is vice-president of the 
Fountain Park Assembly, and was one of the organizers of the 
Farmers' Mutual Insurance Association of Benton, White and 
Jasper Counties, of which he served six years as president. He has 
exercised large and conspicuous influence also in almost every other 
undertaking that has inured to the development and progress of 
Remington and vicinity, and has stood exponent of vigorous and 
helpful civic loyalty. He headed the petition for the first gravel 
road in this section, the same starting at the line between Jasper 
and Benton counties and continuir,g to Fowler, the judicial center of 
the latter county. In his honor this highway has been named the 
Biddle Gravel Road. At the time of this writing, in the autumn of 
191 5, Mr. Biddle is the Indiana vice-president of the Farmers' 
National Congress, in the affairs and work of which splendid organ- 
ization he has taken vital interest. 

In politics Mr. Biddle is found staunchly aligned in the ranks 
of the progressive republican party, which has always held his 
allegiance; he is affiliated with the Masonic fraternity; and for 
several years past has held the office of commander of the Remington 
post of the Grand Ariv.y of the Ivcpulilic, through his affiliation with 
which he perpetual es the more gracious memories and associations 
of his youthful military career. Both he and his good wife hold 

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membership in the ^Missionary Baptist Ciiurch, and in all consistency 
may it be said that their circle of friends is limited only by that 
of their acquaintances. Identified with Sunday school work, Mr. 
Biddle heljjed to organize the first rural Sunday school in the vicin- 
ity of his father's home in Illinois, and acted as secretary, and taught 
a class in the school. He also helped to organize the first Sunday 
sch.ool of the ^^lissionary Baptist Church at Waynetown, and was 
its secretary and taught the Men's Bible class. He helped to organ- 
ize one, superintended two Sabbath schools at different times in 
Jienton County, and is now teaching an organized adult ladies' class 
in ihe Presbyterian Sunday school in Remington. Pie helped to 
organize and was president of the first farmers' club in Gilboa 
Township, Benton County, and also petitioned for and had granted 
the first ]>ublic ditch in his vicinity. It drains a great deal of valuable 
land, and bears his name. Pie also took an active part in farmers' 
institute work, was president of the Parmers' Institute at Reming- 
ton and an advocate of better and more scientific farming; helped 
to organize the first Plorse Thief Detective Association in Gilboa 
Townshij}, Benton County, and acted as its president and was also 
a charter member of a horse thief detecli\-e company at Waynetown, 
Indiana, when the \\'abash \"alley was infested with horse thieves 
and saw some service in running them down and bringing them to 

On January 17, 1S69, Mr. Biddle married I^Iiss Lydia J. Merrell 
of Waynclown, Monlgomery County, in v>-hich \iciiiil)' she was born 
and reared. Of their two children the firstborn died in infancy. 

Daniel W. Biddle, the only living son of i\Ir. and Mrs. Jerome 
Biddle, is one of the prominent young agriculturists of Benton 
County. He received a good education, first in the local common 
schools, the Remington ITigh School and two years in the State 
University at Bloomington. He married Miss Janie Bartee, a 
native of Downers Grove, Illinois, and of English-Scotch parentage. 
She is a graduate of the Remington High School. There were two 
children born to their union: Chester B., a first year's student in 
the Remington High School; and Charles J. 

Daniel Biddle and wife are both members of the Presbyterian 
Church at Remington and he is superintendent of the Sunday School 
and also on the church official board. He is affiliated with the 
Independent Order of Odd Pellows, and is president of the Parmers 
Elevator Company at Remington and secretary of the Farmers 
Mutual Insurance Company of Benton, Jasper and White counties, 
and a director in the Remington State Bank. Pie resides on his 
own farm of 160 acres in Benton County and he also has eighty 
acres in White County. 

Dan Merrell, father of Jilrs. Jerome H. Biddle, was one of the 
prominent early settlers and citizens of Montgomery County, Indi- 
ana. He was born in Butler County, Ohio, in 1819, and died after a 
long and useful and honorable career, May 4, 1894. His last years 

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were spent on a fine country home in Wayne Townbhip of Mont- 
gomery County. His grandfather was a native of Enghmd, hut 
born of German parentage, and he died in Ohio in the fulhiess of 
time. Benjamin AlerrelJ, father of Dan, was born in Ohio, repre- 
senting a pioneer family and in turn himself becoming a pioneer, 
migrating with his wife and children to Montgomery County, Indi- 
ana, in 1827. He was one of the first to settle in what is now 
Ripley Township, locating on a tract of govemment land on the 
Perryville Road and spending his few remaining years in the hard 
task of producing a farm from the forest. Death stayed his labors 
in 1833. His widow survived until an advanced age in 1S79. Their 
six children were: Dan; Sarah, who married William White; Anna, 
who fjrst married a Mr. Boyd, and later a Mr. Brown; Effie, who 
married Mr. White; James, who was born after the family came to 
Indiana and married Miss Rosanna Recde; and John, who fought 
with an Iowa regiment during the Civil war and died from disease 
contracted in the army . 

Starting out for himself, Dan IMerrell went to ^^'aynetown and 
worked at his trade as a cooper, but subsequently bought eighty 
acres of land and paid for it by working at his trade. He added to 
his first purchase until his homestead comprised about 100 acres, 
and it was well equipped with buildings and all improvements neces- 
sary to make a valuable country estate. Early in his career his 
house and much of his property were destroyed by fire, but by 
patient labor he made up the loss and spent his last years in com- 
fortable circumstances. 

In Wayne Township of Montgomery County he married in 1843 
Ann Tracy, daughter of Basil Tracy. Her death occurred in 1S61, 
after they had lived happily together for eighteen years. Their 
eight children were: JMary Elizabeth, who was born in 1844 and 
married Mr. Shipman ; Sarah Ann, who was born in 1847 and died 
in 1848; Lydia, who was bom in 1849 and is Mrs. J. H. Biddle; 
Thomas, born in 1851 ; Basil T., who was born in 1853 and married 
a Miss Bonnell; Nancy A., born in 1856; William B., born in 1858; 
and John D., born in i860. In 1863 Dan Merrell married Mary 
Combs, who was born in Kentucky. She died in 1891, about three 
years before her husband. 

Dan Merrell lived an exemplary life, in keeping with the pre- 
cepts and teachings of Christianity, and for many years was active 
in the Baptist Church. He was always interested in politics as a 
democrat, and filled with credit a number of local offices. He was 
justice of the peace and assessor for six years and at one time 
super\'isor of the township. 

Henkv T. Griggs. It is not only as one of the oldest 
residents but as one of the most successful business men 
and most public spirited citizen.s that Henry T. Griggs is known 
in Newton County, where he has had his home almost half a 

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century. ^\'hiIc lie is now living retired in a handsonie and com- 
fortable resideiK-e at Goodhuid, his influence is still felt in the 
pulse of business activity, and he is generally reputed to be the 
richest citi/en of Goodland and has some of the largest and best 
real estate holdings in the county. Mr. Griggs has well deserved 
all his fair prosperity, since in his earlier years he put no dependence 
upon inlkicnlial friends or upon luck as an element in fortune, 
I)Ul succeeiled bv doing the duty nearest to him and constantly 
\VMr!:in" for the future. 

,So far as the records of history state, Henry T. Griggs was 
Miobably the first white boy born in I\Iorris, Grundy County, Illi- 
nois. His birth occurred there October 29, 1845, ^^ "^^hat was then 
tiic village of Morris. His parents were I'eter and Catherine 
( Moore) Griggs, natives of Pennsylvania and of English and Ger- 
man stock. They were among the early settlers in Grundy County, 
Illinois, and his father built the second house in the village of 

In that locality Henry T. Griggs grew to manhood, gained an 
education in the local schools, and was not yet nineteen years of 
age when he volunteered his services to the defense of the Union. 
He enlisted at Morris January 2, 1864, in Company C of the 76th 
Illinois Volunteer Infantry. He was in the army until gaining his 
honorable discharge at Springfield, Illinois, June 6, 1S66. He fought 
in the ranks, and his most important service was in the storming 
of Fort Blakely, on ]\Iobile Bay. In that engagement the detach- 
ment of forty-six men of which he was a member lost nineteen 
in the brief period of eighteen minutes. Ele was also in several 
other skirmishes. 

After his return as a veteran soldier, he s])ent two years on a 
farm in Grundy County, Illinois, and then in 186S identified him- 
self permanently with Newton County as an early settler in Iroquois 
Township. His location was in Section 34, and there he started 
farming and general stock raising, at first on a modest scale, until 
his efYorts brought him a cumulative prosperity, and gradually his 
interests extended until he became an important land holder and 
one of the county's leading business men. 

From his farm in Iroquois Township Mr. Griggs mo^'ed to 
Goodland in 188S, and now for more than a (juarter of a century 
has been identified with that town. On March 29, 1889, be mar- 
ried Miss Clara Retterath, a daughter of Peter and Clara Rct- 
teralh of Iroquois Township. Her parents were among the very 
early settlers there, and were of German descent. Two children 
were born to their marriage: Frank died in infancy, and Ella T. 
is the wife of George O. Bales and they live in Goodland. 

Ever since the war Mr. Griggs has been a steady supporter 
of the re]niblican party. He served as a member of the town 
board for one term, two terms as county commissioner, but each 
linic his election to office was in response to a general demand 

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and not of his own seeking. He is afiilialed with Lodge No. 445, 
Free and Accepted Masons; with tlie Kniglits of Pythias at Good- 
land, and with Goodland Post No. 57, Grand Army of the Repub- 
lic, in which he has taken much interest and has served as past 
commander. Mr. Griggs was one of the organizers of The State 
Trust & Savings Bank of Goodland and is slill one of its directors, 
lie was associated with Grant Mall and L. A. W'icls as receivers 
for the defunct Goodland Bank. Altogether Mr. Griggs owns 
about 1,000 acres of land in this section of Indiana and most of it 
is thoroughly improved and productive of cro])s and live stock. He 
is well able to retire and may talcc great satisfaction in reviewing 
the busy and productive past. 

Jo}iN I'-RAXKLiN Brunek. He wlio would reach the goal of 
prosperity must travel by the road of diligence. There are few 
short cuts, and these are closed to the average wayfarer on life's 
journey. The most successful men are usually the hardest work- 
ers, and it is generally the case that the hardest workers in every 
community are its most representative citizens. Among the stirring, 
successful men of Jasper County is John h'ranklin Bruncr, whose 
record as farmer, business jnan, and ])ronioter of an important 
public entcr[)rise deserves a ])lace in this volume. "Sir. Bruncr is 
a native of this state, having been born on a farm in Wabash 
County, February 28, i860. V/hen only four years old he was left 
an orphan Ijy the death of his parents, Joseph and Lydia Bruner, 
an'd when eight years old he was brought to Jasper County by his 
married sister, Mrs. Mary E. Robinson. He was practically reared 
in Keener Township, and although his sister treated him well 
and did for him what she could, he was deprived as a child of 
parental love and care. Flis eilucational advantages were e-xlremely 
limited and such knowledge as he has was principally obtained 
through reading and observation. Until he was twenty years old 
he was employed in farming, after whicli he embarked in mer- 
cantile pursuits, beginning in a small wa)' at Demoltc. b'or a 
short time he conducted business alone, after which he took as 
partner Seth J. Bentley, and they operated a store together until 
1883. Mr. Bruner tlien disposed of his interests to his partner 
and resumed farming, locating for this jnnposc in Marion Town- 
ship. From there he went to Pleasant Ridge, and then back to 
Demotte, his return to the latter place being in or about 1895. Here 
he against engaged in mercantile business, but later sold out and 
moved to Surrey, where he conducted a store in association with 
his brother-in-law, G. M. Wilcox. After awhile, however, Demotte 
again attracted him and he returned and resumed business there. 
Soon after he was elected trustee of Keener Township and served 
by re-elections some yyi years. In 1895 Mr. Bruner came to 
Rensselaer as proprietor of the Makecver Hotel, which he operated 
two years. He then associated himself with Abraham Halleck 

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in establishing a tdeplionc exciiangc in Rensselaer for tlie Hallcck 
Telephone Company. 'Jhis entcr])risc having proved successful, 
Mr. r.runer continued in the telephone business with Mr. Hallcck 
and Dr. Merry, establishing an exchange at Mount Ayr, and even- 
tually, with Dr. T- ^^'• Merry, obtaining control of the south half 
of Jasper County, Mr. Ilalleck controlling the north half. Later, 
by sjiecial agreement, arrangement was made with the Jasper 
Telephone Company to do the switch work in Rensselaer 
tor tlicm. Some time after this Mr. Bruner and Dr. Merry 
st!)arated their interests, Mr. Bruner assuming control of the 
business at Rensselaer and Dr. Merry at Mount Ayr. In April, 
191 5, Mr. Bruner bought the Dr. Merry interests at Mount Ayr and 
controlled the two until June i, 191 5, when he sold the Rensselaer 
part to the Jasper County Telephone Company. He yet, however, 
owns the Mount Ayr exchange. 

Mr. Bruner is a republican in politics with strong progressive 
tendencies. He is an Encampment degree Odd Fellow and a Knight 
of Pythias, while his religious affiliations are with the Methodist 
Episcopal Church. To his marriage with Mahala J. Wilcox, 
solemnized on his twenty-first birthday, six children have been born : 
Jesse Franklin, Ora Fern, Earl E., True, Cora J. and Marie. 

Benjamin W.m.tkr Pkatt, M. D. In the well chosen words 
of the minister who spoke ' the funeral address after the death 
of Dr. Pratt at Goodland on April 16, 191 3, "it is not in my power 
to say anything that will add to your esteem and love for your 
physician, your neighbor, your friend. Yet you are unwilling to 
place his body in the tomb without some expression of love and 
reference. Some offering of praise to God for the gift he bestowed 
on our brother. A community's glory is not in its size or wealth, 
but in its collected glory of her men. Such men have a right to a 
monument, not of marble alone, but in warm hearts and emulation 
of their best in our lives." 

In those few words is found perhaps the best expression of 
the esteem in which the late Dr. Pratt was held in Goodland an.d 
the surrounding country for his many years of faithful and un- 
selfish service, not only as a physician, but as a friend, banker and 
business man, and one who exerted his influence without stint for 
the welfare of a better and greater Goodland. 

He was born at Johnstown, Ohio, February 6, 1859, and had 
finished his life work at the age of fifty-four. His parents were Dr. 
Benjamin W. and Jane M. (Bean) Pratt, also natives of Ohio and 
of old Yankee stock. The father was likewise a successful physi- 
cian, but lived on a farm for many years. 

It was on that old Ohio farm that the late Dr. Pratt grew to 
manhood. After finishing the course of the ])ublic high school, he 
look u[) the study of medicine under Dr. William Page, and in 1882 
he took his degree M. D. from the Starling Medical College of Col- 

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umlius, Ohio. At that lime his uncle and, Gary M. and 
^leroa W. Hopkins, li\ed in Goodland and it was through their 
influence that the young physician identified himself with Newton 
County in May following his graduation. Here he was in practice 
as a partner of Dr. Lovett until June, 1883. He then decided to 
change his location, going first to Kokomo and. back to his native 
village of Johnstown, Ohio, where he practiced about two years. 
While in Goodland he had built up a circle of warm and admiring 
friends, and it was at their repeated solicitation tliat he returned to 
the community in 1885.. That was thenceforth his home and the 
scene of his best endeavors for nearly thirty years. For twenty-two 
years he practiced medicine in Goodland and vicinity. He was de- 
voted to his profession, kept abreast of all development, and was re- 
garded as almost faultless in his power as a diagnostician and also in 
those finer faculties which have been so much esteemed in the type 
of the old family physician. He had lofty ideals and was a man of 
great breadth of sympathy and continued in practice until his health 
and strength would no longer permit, and retired in 1904. 

What he accomplished as a constructive business man should 
not be allowed to pass unmentioned. He became president of 
the First National Bank of Goodland when it was organized on 
August 15. 1905, and held that position until his death. In 1897 
he became president of the Newton County Building & Loan Asso- 
ciation, directed its affairs until they were in a most prosperous 
condition, then from 1903 to 191 1 was connected with the asso- 
ciation as vice president and at the latter date resumed his former 
position as president. For many years he was a member of the 
school board, and the closing of the schools during his funeral was 
a deserved tribute to what he had done in their behalf. In fact, 
all business in the town was suspended during the hour of his 
funeral and men of all classes united in this impressive acknowledg- 
ment of the position and influence he had long held. Not only in 
his home community but in this entire section of Indiana was he 
known and respected. A large number of his brother physicians 
gathered and paid their distinctive tribute to his memory. He was 
a member of the State Medical Society, and was a staunch repub- 
lican politically. 

On February 9, 1887, Dr. Pratt married Miss Leona Petit. 
Her parents Antoine and Fclicic Petit were natives of France and 
coming to America in the early '50s settled in Iroquois County, 
Illinois. Surviving Dr. Pratt are his widow Mrs. Pratt and one 
daughter, Mary Lucile, wife of \''on D. Johnson of Kokomo. Mrs. 
Johnson is the mother of two children, Felicie Jane and Benjamin 
Pratt. Dr. Pratt also left a brother. Father Robert Pratt of Koko- 
mo and a sister Mrs. Laura Pecher of Morocco. 

In order to gi\e this Iirief record of an important life in Newton 
County as a ])ro])cr conclusion should be quoted the words of an 
editorial that appeared in the Goodland Herald. "This commun- 

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ity has lost a man who was first to place a shoulder to the wheel 
of progress and benefit. As a practicing- physician he entered almost 
every home and has administered medical aid which saved many 
lives, and tiiere were those who when in financial need have placed 
their troubles before him, and if he found them worthy and sin- 
cere tluy were gi\cn aitl. After he had retired from the practice 
of medicine he assisted llie family physician in cases that were 
hard to master and would not take a cent for his sei-vices. 

"The doctor was a great temperance worker and the fruits of 
his labors are now in evidence — the saloons having been closed. 
He was a firm believer in the laws of our country and always lent 
his aid to have them enforced in his community. He was a man 
wdio united sound sense with strong convictions, and a candid, out- 
spoken temper, eminently fitted to mold the rude elements of pioneer 
society into form and consistency and aid in raising a high standard 
of citizenship in our young and growing county." 

James Skinner. Perhaps no part of Jasper County is more 
substantially settled than is Carpenter Township. There large farms 
prevail and the land is well cultivated and well improved. A num- 
ber of the prosperous farmers and stockraisers here are members of 
families established here when pioneer conditions yet prevailed and 
these families have had much to do with the developing of the 
land and establishing the present high state of civilization. A prom- 
inent family of this type bears the name of Skinner and a leading 
member is James Skinner, who resiiles on his valuable farm of lOO 
acres, situated on section 33, Carpenter Township. He also has 
eighty acres in White County, making a total of 180 acres. 

James Skinner was born at Sandwich, Illinois, August 12, 1866, 
and is a son of Samuel J. and Fannie (Daykin) Skinner. Both 
parents were born in England, the father in Nottinghamshire, 
November 22, 1827, and the mother in Derbyshire, December 21, 
1827. They married there and afterward, on January 19, 1866, 
sailed for the United States, reaching the harbor of New York on 
February 8 of the same year. Samuel Skinner desired to follow 
an agricultural life and in search of suitable environment and con- 
ditions, brought his family to Sandwich, Illinois. He was prac- 
tically without capital but he possessed courage and industry and 
soon found employment and engaged in farming near Sandwich for 
eleven years. He then moved to White County, Indiana, and in- 
vested in eighty acres of land in Princeton Township and for many 
years thereafter engaged successfully in general farming and stock- 
raising, making a specialty of hogs. The last ten years of his life 
were spent with his son James, in Carpenter Township, where he 
owned 100 acres of well improved land at the time of his death, on 
March 12, 1913, having survived his wife eleven years, she pass- 
ing away on August 30, 1902. They had four children, three of 
whom died in infancy. Samuel Skinner and wife were members 

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of the Aleiliodist Episcopal Church. They were estimable in every 
relation of life and were \'ery highly respected. Mr. Skinner 
identified himself with the republican party but he never consented 
to ser\e in any public cai)acily. 

James Skinner was cducaled in the jiublic schools. lie has de- 
voted his life to agricultural pursuits, adopting progressive methods. 
His farm lias been well tiled and is all under cultivation and the 
substantial improvements have all been made by Mr. Skinner. He 
has been very successful in raising a fine grade of slock. I\lr. 
Skinner i^ one of the intelligent, wide awake agriculturists and his 
land, stock and surroundings all gi\e proof of excellent manage- 

. On March 27, 1895, James Skinner was united in marriage with 
Miss Mary C. Long, who was born in Jasper County, Indiana, Feb- 
ruary 14, 1866, the fifth of the six children born to Oliver M. and 
Charlotte (Hudson) Long. The children are all living and are: 
Sarah E., the wife of E. H. Blake, a farmer of Wabash, Indiana; 
Joseph E., a blacksmith at Milburne, Texas, married Alary Johns; 
Emma J., the wife of Perry Coon, a farmer at Oto, Iowa ; Martha J., 
the wife of Christopher Routh, of Remington, Indiana ; Mrs. Skin- 
ner; and Charlotte C, the wife of \Mlliam Weiss, of Wabash, 
Indiana. Air. Long, the father, was a nati\e of the State of Ala'-y- 
land, was reared, educated and married there, and became an agri- 
culturist. He gave his political support to the democratic party, 
and was a member of the United Brethren Church. At the time of 
the rcIno\'al \\'est the family located in Cass County, Indiana, and 
from there came to Jasper County and purchased eighty acres of 
land. But Mr. Long sold that farm in 1S77 and went to Tennessee, 
and thence to Texas, where he died on the loth of November, 1908. 
Mrs. Long, who was also born in Alaryland, died in Jasper County, 
Indiana, August 25, 1767, when her daughter Mary was but a child. 
Mrs. Skinner was reared. and received her educational training in 
Jasper County. She is a devout member of the Alethodist Episcopal 
Church and also of the Ladies Home Alissionary Society. The only 
daughter of Air. and Airs. Skinner, Lola Esther, graduated irom 
the Remington High School with the class of 191 5, and then pur- 
sued a course in the state normal school at Tcrre Haute, after 
which she taught one year in her home township. Air. Skinner 
and family are active workers in the Alethodist Episcopal Church 
at Remington. In politics a republican, on numerous occasions he 
has been an important factor in township political councils and 
has served efficiently as road supervisor and on the township ad- 
visory board. 

Henry C). Harris. Ja.sper County, Indiana, owes much of Its 
prosperity to natives of other states, who, coming here in early, or 
more malui-e, manhood, have taken a prominent part in its develop- 
ment and upbinlding. One of its best known citizens of this class 

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is Ilcnry O. Harris, now lixiiii^- in Kensselacr, who was born in 
Nanscniond County, \'irginia, on November 5, 1831. His parents 
were lienjamin T. and Elizabeth (Eaulk) Harris, and he is a 
grandson of Dr. Tlionias Harris, a jjhysician, who, born in 1740, 
married at tlic ag;c of sixty years Unity Ladd, and lived to see two 
of his grandcliildren, dying when eighty-eight years old. Eor nearly 
sixty years he was a medical practicioner in the Old Dominion. At 
one time he owned slaves, but his religious scrujiles as a Quaker 
finrdh- caused him to set them free. 

JJcnjamin T. Harris, son of the doctor and father of Henry O., 
was a farmer and trader. After marrying Elizabeth ]''aulk, he re- 
moved in 1835 to Indiana, settling on the edge of the Wea Plains 
in Tippecanoe County. There he passed the remainder of his life, 
dying about the year 1839. He and his wife had four sons and two 
daughters, of which children but three are now living, all being 
residents of Jasper County. In the fall of 1851 Mrs. Harris re- 
moved with her six children to Newton County, locating near Mount 
Ayr, on a farm now owned by the subject of this memoir. The 
land for the most part was entered and was obtained by Mexican 
war grants. Here Mrs. Harris kept her little family together, and 
finally died about the year 1857. 

Henry O. Harris had preceded the rest of the family to Newton 
County, his ap'i\-al there l.icing in the spring of 1851, at which 
lime he selected the land upon which they subsecinently located. 
He was reared after the manner of farmers' boys of his time, and 
was able to supplement his district school education by a two years' 
course at Franklin College. He has always followed farming and 
stock raising as an occupation, but in addition to this has been 
identified with other business ventures. In 1S90, together with 
Da\-id Nowles, he organized the Rensselaer Bank, of which he 
became president, and of which his son, Joseph, later on became 
cashier. About two years after its organization Mr. Nowles re- 
tired from the bank and thereafter it was owned and conducted by 
Henry O. and Joseph Harris, father and son. This l)ank continued 
in active existence for some twenty years and was finally discon- 
tinued because, for one thing, of the death of Joseph Harris, the 
active partner, in 1908. Henry O. Harris, about the year 1892, 
established the Remington Bank, of which he was president until 
he finally disposed of it a year or so prior to the disposal of the 
Rensselaer Bank. Sincd that time he has devoted the greater part 
of his time to looking after his farming interests, having now over 
2,000 acres in Newton and Jasper Counties. Mr. Harris is a mem- 
ber of the Missionary Baptist Church and is a republican. He 
married in 1S57 Margaret Kennedy of Newton County, and they 
became the parents of four children: Elbert T., Joseph C, Vir- 
ginia, and Jessie, who is the wife of Charles Roberts. Diligent 
in business, and honorable in all his relations with his fellow men, 

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Mr. Harris may well be regarded as a type of tlie higlicr class 
of American citizenship. 

GiiOKGE Parker. On an excellent farmstead in Hanging Grove 
Township se\cn and a half miles Northeast of Rensselaer, George 
Parker is successfully engaged in diversified agriculture and the 
raising of stock. He is one of the honored citizens of Jasper 
County, was born here and has been a resident practically all his 
career, and commands the confidence and esteem of all who have 
known him from earliest youth. While his v.'ork as a farmer has 
brought him substantial prnsperty, his relations with the community 
have also been useful and have contributed to the welfare of the 
vicinity and for many years he has held one or other office in the 

His father was the late Samuel Parker, whose was born in 
Virginia and his body is now at rest in the Osborne Cemetery in 
Planging Grove Township. His parents were George and Rebecca 
Parker, both of whom were born in \' irginia of German and French 
descent and died there. Four of the children, Jerome, Samuel, 
Isaac and Mary Ann, emigrated from \'irginia to LaPorte County, 
Indiana, Samuel being at the time about fourteen years of age. 
He accordingly grew up in northern Indiana, and was married 
in LaPorte County to Elizabeth Evans, a daughter of Isaac Evans, 
wlio was born in Ohio of Welsh descent. Samuel and Elizabeth 
Parker became the parents of nine children, as follows: Almira, 
deceased; Isaac, who married Ella Cody and lives at Mitchell, 
South Dakota; Felix who married Celista Gwin and lives at 
Hersher, Illinois; Albert, deceased; Jacob, who married Etna 
English, and both are now deceased; Ida married Frank Kenton 
and lives near Mitchell, South Dakota ; George, who is the next 
in line; Samuel, who married Cora Maxwell and lives at Mitchell, 
South Dakota ; and Emma, deceased. It was in 1854, more than 
sixty years ago, that Samuel Parker brought his little family to 
Hanging Grove Township, and located on a tract of forty acres, 
with very few improvements, in Section 8. At the time his posses- 
sions consisted of two yoke of oxen, one horse and $10 in money. 
He prosjjercd by hard work, and at one time was considered among 
the wealthiest men in Hanging Grove Township. He was gen- 
erous to a fault, was always willing to accommodate his friends, 
and it is said that no one ever requested a favor which was not 
granted. This prompted him to place his name as security to 
many notes and other obligations, and for this reason and for various 
reverses he lost a great deal of his property and died a compara- 
tively poor man. Many years ago he kci)t a few race horses, 
though he never employed them for gambling. AMiile a man of 
little education he enjoyed the perfect esteem of his community, 
and was a useful and honoiable citizen in every rcsjject. He voted 
first the whig and later the republican ticket and for many years 

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served as townsliip sujicrvisor, but would never consent to hold 
any other office. In churcii matters he was a Mctliodist. 

His son, George Parker, was lioin January 19, 1864, in Section 
j; of Hanging Gro\c Township, and in Jasper County he has spent 
all his subsequent years, and his residence has been in tianging 
Grove Townshi]! with the exception of eighteen months. After get- 
tin"- his education in the local schools he applied the experience 
gained as a boy to the vocations of farming and stock raising, and 
from those sources has accumulated an ample prosperity for himself 
and family. 

Chi Sc])tembcr 8, 1886, George Parker married Elizabeth Pere- 
grine, a daughter of Ebenezer and Elizabeth (Robinson) Pere- 
grine, the former a native of C)hio and the latter of Rush County, 
Indiana. The Peregrine stock is Welsh and English, though for 
many generations the family has been identified with America. 
Four children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Parker: Verne E. is the 
wife of Royal L. Bussell, of one of the prominent old families 
of Jasper County, and they live at McCoysburg; Gaylord P. mar- 
ried Gertrude Downs and lives in Marion Township; Ethel M. is 
the wife of Morris Jacks and lives at Lee in \^'hite County; Gladys 
is deceased. 

Throughout his career ^Ir. Parker has been a loyal republican 
in politics, and while he has done much to promote party success 
he has likewise worked effectually to advance the best interests of 
his community and has filled several important offices. For eight 
years he was township supervisor, was township trustee six years, 
and since January, 191 5, has filled the post of township assessor. He 
and his wife are members of the IMethodist Church. Mr. and 
i\lrs. Parker have one of the old jiarchment deeds executed under 
the hand and seal of President John Tyler, dated June 25, 1841. 
This is the first deed found in Jasper County, Indiana, by the 
biographer and is a valuable heirloom. 

EzR.\ Bowman. Nearly half a century ago, in 1S69, Mr. Bow- 
man established his residence and smithy in the scattering and ob- 
scure little hamlet of Remington, Jasper County, which was then 
represented by a comparatively small nuniber of dwellings and 
a few business places of primitive order, the place having had no 
sidewalks and none of the municiiial and general civic improve- 
ments that designate the thriving and attractive little city of the 
l)resent day. During the long intervening years, as a staunch and 
loyal citizen, IVIr. Bowman has here maintained his home, has 
participated in the activities that have made for social and material 
advancement and ])rosperily, and for many )'ears he here plied 
his sturdy trade of blacksmith, like Tubal Cain, a man of might, 
even as he has been one true to principle and worthy purpose 
in :dl of the relations of life, so that he has not been denied the 
fullest measure of pojnilar confidence and good will. He is now 

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living virtually retired, in the enjoyment of the peace and comfort 
that justly reward former years of c;irncst toil and endeavor. It 
was his as a youth to render valiant service as a soldier of the 
Union in the Civil war, and the same s])irit of loyally and patriotism 
has animated him during all the later vcars. 

Mr. IJowDian was horn on tlie liomestcad farm of his father, 
in Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, on the i6th of November,' 
iS_i4, tlic second in order of birth of a family of nine children^ 
all of wiioni are living- except one. They were all born and reared 
m Ci.uilicrJand County and 'there liiey gained their early education 
in the common .schools of the period, tlie while the hom'e discipline 
was such as to fortify them adniiral>ly for lives of honor and 
usefulness. IMr. Bowman is a son of Samuel and Mary (Monny- 
smith) Bowman, both of whom continued their residence on their 
old home farm in Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, until their 
death, the mother having been summoned to the life eternal in 
1862 and the father in 1S66. 

As a boy and youth Ezra Bowman contributed his quota to 
the work of the home farm, the while he availed himself also of 
the advantages of the local schools, and his first independent work 
was that rendered as an employe on a neighboring farm. When 
the Civil war was precipitated and the integrity of the nation was 
placed in jeopard)-, young Bowman, as soon as circumstances per- 
mitted, gave distinctive- evidence of his patriotism by tendering 
his aid in defense of the PJnion. In June, 1863, about six months 
•prior to his nineteenth birthday anni\ersary, he enlisted in Com- 
pany K, Twentieth Pennsylvania Cavalry, and after the expiration 
of his term he promptly re-enlisted, as a member of Company D, 
Seventh Penn,sylvania Ca\alry, with which gallant command he 
continued in active ^ervice until victory had crowned the Union 
arms and peace had been restored. Under his first enlistment he 
was in service with the forces 0]5erating in the more Eastern parts 
of the stage of conflict, and after his re-enhstment he proceeded 
with his command to join General Sherman's army, which had 
already fought the battles of Chickamauga, Lookout Mountain 
and Missionary Ridge. Mr. Bowman took part with his regiment 
in the battle of Dallas, Georgia, in which he received a slight 
wound, and thereafter he took i)art, in consecutive order, in the 
engagement at Noonday Creek, the baltles of Kenesaw Mountain 
and Big Shanty, and the siege and capture of the city of Atlanta. 
After the capitulation of Atlanta his command was sent out to 
Jonesboro to destroy the railroad, and then fought at Lovejoy's 
Station. Upon the return to Atlanta the regiment was dismounted, 
its cavalry equipment being turned over lo General Kilpatrick, and 
was sent back to Nashville, Tennessee, where its members, as dis- 
mounted cavalry, joined the army of General "Pap" Thomas. 
Somewhat later the Seventh Pennsyh-ania Cavalry was sent to 
Louisville, Kenlucky, where it was remounted and provided with 

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proper cavalry equipment once more, after which it was sent to 
C!ra\elly Springs, Alabama, to be formally organized into a cavalry 
corps. Proceeding under orders to the city of Mobile, the com- 
mand took part en route in the engagement of Ebenezer Church, 
after which he coiUinucd on to Columbus, Georgia, and finally to 
Macon, that State, where it received news of the surrender of 
Gcncr.-d Lee and also the lamentable information of the assassina- 
tion of that revered and heroic patriot. President Lincoln. Mr. 
Powman received his lionorable discharge at Macon, Georgia, in 
August, I. "^65, and then proceeded with his command to llarris- 
burg, Pennsylvania, where the members of the regiment were 
mustered out. 

In November, 1S65, the gallant young veteran of the long and 
weary conflict through which the national integrity was. preserved, 
entered upon an apprenticeship to the trade of blacksmith near 
the postoffice of Good Mope, Pennsylvania, and he soon mas- 
tered the sturdy art, with the result that he could qualify as a 
skilled artisan. The major part of his active career was marked 
by close application to his trade, and as an exponent of the same 
he established himself in business upon coming to Remington, 
Indiana, in 1869, his activities in this line of business having con- 
tinued until 1908, since which time he has lived virtually retired,- — 
a man of brain and brawn and one who has played a man's part 
in all of the relations of life. As may be presupposed, Mr. Bow- 
man has given unfaltering allegiance to the republican party, and 
has been loyal to all the duties of citizenship, without being af- 
flicted with aught of ambition for public ofhce of any description. 
lie and his wife arc members of the Christian Church, and he 
vitalizes the more pleasing memories and associations of his 
military career and signifies his abiding interest in his old comrades 
in arms by bis affiliation with the Grand Army of the Republic, in 
which he is a charter member of the post at Remington. 

In December, 1S70, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Pow- 
man to Miss Sarah Harris, ^nd of the seven children of this union 
five are living, brief record concerning them being entered in con- 
clusion of this review : Fred is engaged in the drug business at 
Monticello, White County; Maude is the wife of Novia E. Helvie; 
John is associated with his brother fn the drug business at Monti- 
cello; June is the wife of Maurice Peck; and Dale continues his 
residence in Remington and is associated with Walter Gumm. 

Mrs. Sakaii Louise Jordan. One of the well known and highly 
esteemed residents of the vicinity of Gifl:ord, Indiana, is Airs. Sarah 
Louise Jordan, who has lived in this community since 1900 and 
lias taken a leading jjarticipation in the affairs of the locality, par- 
ticularly in comiection with the work of the Christian Church. Mrs. 
Jordan wa^iorn February 16, 1853, in Mercer County, Ohio, and is 
a daughter of Azariah and Lydia (Reigcl) Denney. 

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Azariah Deiiney was born at Gallipolis, Ohio, August ii, 1824, 
and was married at Greenville, Ohio, to ]\Jiss Reigcl. who Mas born 
March 6, 1S36. Mr. Dcnney's first playmates were Indians, and 
his education was of a somewhat limited character as school advan- 
tages were few on the Ohio and Indiana state line in the vicinity 
of his home at that day. He was, however, a man of business acu- 
men, good judgment and industry and in a long career spent in 
farming and stockraising was able to accumulate a valuable property 
in spite of his early limitations. He was a devout member of the 
Christian Church, as was liis wife, and their children were reared 
in that faith. In political matters he was a democrat, and the high 
esteem in wliich he was held by his fellow-citizens was shown by 
the fact that although he was not a man of learning they elected him 
repeatedly to serve in the office of justice of the peace, a position 
in which his fairness and integrity served to satisfactorily settle 
the disputes of his neighbors. Ten children were born to Azariah 
and Lydia Denney, namely : Sarah Louise, James A., Anna M., 
Landon, deceased, Asenrath, Caroline, Florence, deceased, Jacob, 
Stella and Carlton. 

Sarah Louise Denney started to attend the country scliools of 
Mercer County when she was six years of age, and continued to 
pursue her studies until reaching young womanhood, acquiring a 
thorough grammar and high school education. When she was 
nineteen years of age she entered upon a career as a teacher in 
Darke County, Ohio, receiving a salary of $1 per day, and for the 
next five years continued her educational labors in Ohio and Indiana, 
principally in the country districts. She ceased teaching at the 
time of her marriage, September 25, 1876, at Celina, Ohio, to Wil- 
liam Nicholas Jordan, a son of Andrew and Amanda (Devorei) Jor- 
dan, and a brother of James, John, Elizabeth and Charles Jordan. 
William N. Jordan was given excellent educational advantages and 
following his graduation from college engaged in farming in Ford 
County, Illinois, eventually becoming a renter on the great .Sibley 
estate in that county. In February, 1900, I\Ir. and Mrs. Jordan 
came to Jasper County, Indiana, locating on the Cherry Island farm, 
where they resided for five years, and then moving to the West 
headquarters in Barkley Townshi]), where Mrs. Jordan still makes 
her home and where her husband passed away February 5, 1910. 
He was a faithful member of the Christian Church, and in political 
matters was a repuljlican. As a farmer he was a friend of progress, 
and this quality he carried into his citizenship, being ever ready to 
donate of his time, his ability or his means in the support of move- 
ments calculated to benefit the communty or to advance the cause 
of education, religion or good citizenship. \\'hile residing on the 
Cherry Island Farm, with Mrs. Jordan's assistance, he organized 
the first Union Sunday school in the county, thus proving the nucleus 
for a work which has gone forward with much vigor. Mr. and 
Mrs. Jordan *came the parents of nine children : Orvis, Nettie, 

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Day, Nellie, James, Acenath, William IsL, Homer and Rowena, of 
whom the last named is now deceased. 

At the time of his death the Rensselaer Repnhlican annoiincinj^ 
the death of this fine citizen as a victim of imeunionia, spoke of 
him as follows : 

•'In the death of William N. Jordan of Barkley township at 
I 130 o'clock this .S.'itnrday morning, the county loses one of its 
most upright and highly esteemed citizens and the community a 
man of noble life whose aim was to live righteously and to give 
his children a good education in order to equip thein formidably for 
the problem of life. Mr. Jordan came to Jasper county from Illi- 
nois about ten years ago and located on one of B. J. Giflord's farms 
in Carkley township. Later he purchased the old Headquarters 
farm, which is well known as the old Sim Dowell farm, where him- 
self and family have since resided. 

"He was the father of eight children, the oldest son being a 
Christian minister at Evanslon, Illinois ; one daughter, Miss Nettie, 
being a trained nurse at Omaha, Nebraska, (at present superintend- 
ent of Aurora hospital, Aurora, Illinois) ; one daughter married 
and living in Hagcrman, New Mexico ; one daughter, Day, teaching 
school in Barkley township ; his son James who graduated from 
the Rensselaer schools last year and is now a student at Purdue 
University. From Purdue he entered the University of Indiana 
and is now professor of mathematics and electricity ; and three 
younger children, all attending the Rensselaer high school. 

"Mr. Jordan was not extensively known in Rensselaer being 
somewhat of a retired disposition, although very jovial when he 
became well acquainted. Wherever known he was greatly admired 
and no death in Jasper county could have caused more genuine 
regret. A few days ago in apparent health and vigor, in anticipa- 
tion of a long life of continued usefulness, the sorrow of his sud- 
den demise sank deep into the happy home and cast a glooin among 
■ all his acquaintances." 

Ch,\ri,es W: Bussixl. Of the families who have been dis- 
tinguished not only by long residence but by many useful activities 
in Jasper and Newton counties that of Charles W. Bussell and 
his relatives deserves mention among the very first. More than 
eighty years have passed since the first of this sterling stock bc- 
,came identified with. Jasper County, and the history and develop- 
ment of Hanging Grove Township might easily be told in the 
annals of this single relationship. Charles W. Bussell is one of 
the ijrogrcssive farmers in the Hanging Grove Township, and is 
owner of 200 acres in what is known as the Wild Game Preserve 
farm, situated in Sections 17, 18 and 20. His residence is just 
eight miles northeast of Rensselaer. Mr. Bussell has been suc- 
cessful in ig^maging the resources of the soil, and 'has probably 
filled more of the local offices and for a longer continuous time 

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than ail}' other local citizen. Mr. Bussell is also a i)ractical natural- 
ist, and Ins a greater fund. of information concerning the birds, 
beasts and other features of Indiana natural history than an)' 
resident of Jasper County. 

His ancestry includes a Revolutionary soldier, ^\■illiam Smith 
Bussell, great-grandfather of Charles W. This patriot fought with 
the Kentucky troops in the Revolutionary war. His grandfather 
was William S. Eussell, who was born in Rush County, Indiana, 
at an extremely early date in the history of this state. He served 
as sherill of thai county and ofliciatcd at the hanging of a noted 
criminal, Swansori, at Rushville in the early days. lie was also a 
colonel in Uie stale troops and served in that capacity under William 
Henry Ilprrison at the battle of Tippecanoe in i8u. After his 
death, his wife Maria (Ward) Russell married Turner A. Knox of 
Rushville. Then in the fall of 1833 the family came to what is now 
Hanging Grove Township in Jasper County and entered 160 acres 
in section 23, range 5 west, township 29 north. With Mr. and 
Airs. Knox came the five Bussell children^ and thus was established 
on what was then the wild frontier the first generation of a large 
and extensive relationship. The five chilrlren of William S. Bus- 
sell who thus came to Jasper County in the early days were: Mary 
E. Westerfield, who lived at Anderson, Indiana; Matilda Eden, 
who became a resident of Illinois; Jvrastus T., of Indianapolis; 
Martha A. Hamilton of St. Joseph, Missouri; and William W. 
Their mother died in Jasper County December 25, Christmas Day, 
1885, and was laid to rest in tlie Osborne Cemetery in Hanging 
Grove Township. She was born February 4, 1788, near Pittsburg, 
Pennsylvania. Her first husband, William S. Bussell, was born 
November 5, 1790, near Bowling Green, Kentuck)', anil died while 
taking a load of horses overland to Georgia. Plis death occurred 
in the Slate of Georgia in 1832. He was no1,ed for his strength, 
his genial character, and was one of the conspicuous citizens of 
early Rushville. He was a Scotch-Irishman by ancestry. 

William W. Bussell, who^ame when a child of five years to 
Jasper County with his mother, was born February 24, 1828, in 
Rush County near Rushville, and lived in Jasper County con- 
tinuously from the fall of 1833 until the date of his death on 
December 8, 1901. He wa.s also laid to rest in the Osljorne Ceme- 
tery, where many deceased members of the family anil their rela- 
tives repose. By occupation he was a farmer and stock raiser, 
and a man who was exceptionally progressive. He had the distinc- 
tion of owning the first reaper, the first steel hay rake, and the 
first mower in Hanging Grove Townshi]i. 

Clarissa P. Leflcr, who married William \\\ Bussell February 
14, 1850, and became the mother of Charles W. Bussell, was also 
of one of the most f)rominent early families in this section of 
Indiana. Her parents were John and Catherine (Chairiberlain) 
Lefler, who c^rie to Hanging Grove Township from Rush County, 

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Indiana, in Ihc spring of 1837, entering 160 acres in section 29, 
range 5 west, township _'ij north. This quarter section is now 
known as llie E\ahue Randall farm. John Lefler was one of the 
organizers of Hanging Grove Township, and as its first tax col- 
lector made tlie rounds and performed his official duties on horse- 
haclc. Nortli \\ l.eller, a son of John Lefler, was the first school 
teacher in Hanging (iroN-e Townsliip, and the school house was 
tlie iy])ical old-fasliioncil log cabin school, with its bench seats, its 
jnnicheon floor and greased paper windows, and the pu])i!s wrote 
their coj.iies with tlie goose quill pen fashioned by the schoolmaster. 
■]'lic ^chool was maintained by suliscriptions. The Lefler family 
is of ' lerman descent. To the marriage of \\'illiani A\'. Ilussell and 
v.ife were born eight children: Mary E. is the widow of Hugh 
Lowe and lives in Rensselaer; Charles W. is the second child and ■ 
oldest son ; Matilda E. married William E. Jacks and lives in 
Marion Township; I\fartin L. died at the age of nineteen; Florence 
J. ])assed away when two years of age; Erastus J. died in infancy 
as did also Cicero; and Clara Belle married Sidney B. Holmes, 
and lives in Miles City, Montana. The late William W. Bussell, 
father of these children, represented all the better things in tlie 
life of a growing community. For a number of )ears after coming 
to Jasper County lie voted regularly the \\ hig ticket and was one 
of the first republicans after the organization of that party and 
continued a faithful member until his death. He gave much public 
service, serving as township trustee tluring 185S-59, was for years 
a su]3ervisor and a member of the township board. He and his 
family belong to the Christian Church, and he was a charter mem- 
ber of I'Vancisvillc Lodge of the Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows, and was honored with its difi'erent chairs. 

Charles W. Bussell was born July 10, 1858, in section 32, range 
5 wc^t, town.shii) 29 north, and in that one locahty his years 
ha\e been successi\ely spent with credit to himself and with many 
varied services to the community. On February 13, 1879, Mr. 
Bussell married Lucy J. Wi^takcr, a daughter of I-ytle A. and 
Nancy (Logan) W'hitaker of Gillam Township, but both of them 
were natives of Surrey County, North Carolina. Mr. and Mrs. 
Bussell have three children: Nellie L. is the wife of John Lefler 
and lives at Packard, \A'i.sconsin ; William W. is now deceased; 
and Royal L. lives in McCoysburg and married \>rnc E. Parker. 
The mother of these children died April 22, 1890, and was laid 
to rest in Gillam Township. On October 29, 1892, Mr. Bussell 
married Rosa J. Long, daughter of Valentine and Lydia (Swisher) 
Long, both of whom were natives of Jasper County and their 
respective families were among the earliest settlers there. To the 
second marriage have been Ijorn four children : Charles \\''. Jr., 
who lives in Rensselaer and married Ethel Miller; Elvin L., Cora 
Florence and Ella ]\L, all of whom are at home. 

^'ne distiiiL'tion which Mr. Bussell's activities have won him 

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is to be known as the I'liamjMon wcilf Is'illcr of the stale of Indiana. 
His father also c.xhibiled consiilerable jnowess and skill in the 
same direction. Charles \V. ]!us^ell has killed fully seventy wolves. 
Some of these are magnificent sijecimens, and have been stufferl 
and i)reservcd. 'J'wo specimens may be found in the Smithsonian 
Institute at Washington, one is in the Indiana State Museum 
and two others are in the Rensselaer High School. Mr. P.ussell 
is a skilled taxidermist and has gi\en a great deal of care and 
thought to the problems connected with the preser\ ation of wild 
game, and is an authority on the habits of wild geese and ducks 
and deer. 

In the way of public service it is interesting to note that Mr. 
Bussell has held some sort of oflice since he was twenty-one years 
of age. He has been a republican and one of the most loyal mem- 
bers that party has in all the slate. Eor sixteen years he served as 
supervisor, spent many years as a director of the local schools, is 
now and has been for a long time a republican precinct committee- 
man and has filled the office of justice of the peace twelve years, 
being still incumbent of that position. He has also been superintend- 
ent of ditches and roads in his part of the county, and is now 
superintendent of the Royal L. Bussell Road. He is also a sub- 
stitute mail carrier, and in 1910 took the United States census in 
Marion Township. These various activities have been combined 
with the intelligent and successful management of his home farm, 
and he is more than a reiiresentatixe citizen of Jasper County. In 
church affairs he is a member of the Christian denomination, wliile 
his wife is a Methodist. 

Warrkx E. F'ooi.i:. When Warren E. Poole was elected town- 
ship trustee of Hanging Grove Townshij) in 1914, it was a case 
of the office seeking the man rather than the man the office. How- 
ever, perhaps no local citizen has better qualifications for this im- 
portant position of trust. Mr. Poole has been well known in Jasper 
County for twenty year.s/as an energetic farmer, business man, and 
public spirited citizen. The care and management of school ])rop- 
erty and other affairs which go with the office of townshij) trustee 
are in excellent hands. 

Like a number of ■other enterprising agriculturists in this sec- 
tion of Indiana, Mr. Poole is an Illinois man by birth. He was 
born near Streeter in LaSalle County April 15, 1873, a son of John 
and Mary I. (Mitchell) Poole, who were also natives of LaSalle 
County, Illinois, but since the sjiring of 1895 have !i\cd in Jasper 
County, first in Hanging Grove Townsliip, and are now retired at 
Rensselaer. The Pooles arc Scotch-Irish in descent, and Warren 
E. is the oldest of iiis parents' five chiUiren. The second was 
Clara, now deceased; Everett H. died at ten years; Willis lives in 
Rensselaer and married Miss Palmer; and Bradford II. is a resi- 
dent of ftarkley Township and married Ruth Makcevcr. 

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\\Mien Warren E. Poole was two years of age the family moved 
from LaSallc to Liviiigbton County, Illinois, and in that locality 
he grew up. received his education, gained a discipline as a farm 
boy, and at the age of twenty-two, two years before the removal 
of the rest of the family, came to Jasper County. 

At Culloni, Illinois, December 20, 1S94, he married Katie Kopp, 
a daughter of Adam and Henrietta (Soupa) Kopp, both of whom 
were boni in Illinois but were of German families. Mr. and 
Mi>. I'uolc b,'\'- three children, all of ihcui at home, named Myrtle 
Jl.. Ruth I. and Iva. 

Though Mr. Poole's success has come from farming, and that 
li.-is been practically bis life vocation, he also spent four years 
in the brick business at Muncie, Indiana, and was connected with 
the grain business for two years at McCoysburg in Jasper County. 
McCoysburg is still his postoffice and market town. In politics he 
is a republican and it was on the ticket of that party that he was 
elected township trustee in the fall of 1914. He and his wife are 
members of the Christian Church, and he is affiliated with the 
Modern ^^''oodmen of America at Rensselaer. The Poole home- 
stead, which is a valuable jjlace with many improvements, is lo- 
cated eight miles northeast of Rensselaer. 

Charles R. Weiss. In Charles R. ^\'ciss. a prosperous farmer 
and stockraiser of Newton Township, Jasper County, Indiana, is 
found a man who may justly be called self made because, beginning 
life as a youth without capital, through industry, honesty and 
good management, has risen to be one of the most substantial 
residents of his county, owning many acres of vahiable land and 
enjoying the esteem and friendship of neighbors and other ac- 
(juaintances. This achievement is something to be proud of. P""or- 
tunes sometimes come through doubtful channels, but when a man 
earns one through honest w^ork, he is apt to know its source. 
This is the case with Charles R. Weiss. 

Charles R. Weiss was Ifcrn in LaSalle County, Illinois, March 
24, 1870, and is one of a family of three sons and one daughter 
born to his parents, John and Augusta (Rendt) Weiss. Both 
parents were born in Germany and came unmarried to the United 
States, the father arriving about the close of the Civil war. He 
subsequently was married and in 1877 removed from LaSalle 
County, Illinois, to Newton County, Indiana, locating south of 
Kentland. John Weiss followed farming all througli his active 
years, lie is now a resident of Goodland, Indiana. 

On his father's farm in Newton County, Charles R. \\'eiss grew 
to manhood, attending the district schools and giving liclp in carry- 
ing on the home farm work. Later he took a commercial course 
in the Ottawa Business College, Ottawa, Illinois. 

On February 7, 1894, Mr. W'ciss was united in marriage with 
Miss Gertaide Dewey, who is a daughter of Morgan A. Dewey, of 

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Jasper County, liKliana. To tliis marriage seven cliildren have been 
"born: John R., wlio was l)orn and died in Pucahonlas County, Iowa; 
Oscar, Leona, Harold and Alva, living; and two wbo died in in- 
fancy, unnanied. 

Following his marriage Mr. Weiss followed farming for two 
years in Pocahontas County, Iowa, then returned to the old Weiss 
homestead and continued there until 1902, when he moved to his 
present home farm in Newton Township, which comprises 300 
acres. In addition to this fine property he owns eighty acres in 
Walker Township, Jasper County, and also eighty acres in Wheat- 
field. Mr. Weiss is a careful farmer and all his oi)erations arc well 
planned and thus his farm industries mainly prove i)roritable. 

Mr. Weiss is a republican in his political views but is one of the 
men who believe that in attending to one's own business affairs and 
leaving office-seeking to others, is the best method of getting on in 
the world. However he never fails to cast his vote and, whenever 
necessary he is ready to put his shoulder to the wheel to aid in the 
development of his section. He is an honest, plain, out-spoken man. 
He: was reared in the Lutheran faith and continues his member- 
ship in that church, his wife, in the .same way, being a devoted 
Methodist. They arc among the best people of Jasper County and 
worthy in every way of the great respect in wliidi they are hold. 

Stephen T. Comkr. To the individual whose life began on the 
prairies of the Central West more than sixty-seven years ago there 
has been given a wealth and diversity of experience in comparison 
with which that of those active in the beginning of the present cen- 
tury pales into insignificance. Such a career has been vouchsafed 
to Stephen T. Comer, one of the oldest living nati\'e sons of Jasper 
County, who has watched and participated in the wonderful advance- 
ment of this part of the state, and who is now one of the leading 
and highly respected citizens of Union Township. 

The progenitor of the Comer family in America was Jesse 
Comer', ,a Hessian Gernfan, who came to America with the Hessian 
troops during the Revolutionary war. He soon became convinced 
of the justice of the Colonists' cause, and. like many of his fellow- 
soldiers, deserted from the army of King George and subsequently 
became a loyal American citizen. The particular manner in which 
he accomplished his desertion is interesting. He had long had in 
mind the idea of the ste]) he was to take, and in order to carry out 
his plan practiced imitating the grunt of a hog, in the meantime 
stirring the leaves and grass with a stick to represent the noise made 
by that animal in going about. When he felt that he had his 
imitation to perfection, and at a time when the troops were en- 
camped upon the bank of a river, probably the Brandywine, he ])Ut 
his plan into execution. At the challenge of the sentinel: "Who 
goes there?" his answer was a grunt, accompanied by the stirring 
of ihc*eaves and grass, which completely deceived the sentinel, who 

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ejaculated: "It's only a hos." \\'licn Mr. Comer rolled over into 
the river, the sentinel realized another soldier was endeavoring to 
desert, and he and his comrades all along the bank began firing at 
every suspicious sound, but by diving and swimming Mr. Comer 
eventually succeeded in reaching the opposite bank where he found 
friends and safety. 

Mr. Comer subsequently located in North Carolina, where he 
married Nancy Ellis, and in that state his death occurred. He was 
tlic great-grandfather of William Ellis Comer and the great-great- 
gra:i(i father of Stephen T. Comer, of this review. Among the sons 
of Tesse Comer was Josephus Comer, whose son, Jesse Comer, like 
liis' grandfather, married a lady named Ellis. This second Jesse 
Comer moved from North Carolina to near Zanesville, Ohio, then to 
Wayne County, Indiana, later to Carroll County, Indiana, and finally 
to Jasper County, Indiana, at a lime when the county was still a 
wilderness practically undisturbed by the hand of man. Here 
he and his wife passed the remainder of their lives and passed 
away, being buried in Jasper County. Mrs. Comer was a member 
of a rich North Carolina family. When the war between the states 
broke out her people wrote her, in effect, that she could return and 
live with her people or remain with her married relations, "the 
Yankees," but that in the latter event she would never again be recog- 
nized as a member of the rich, slave-holding, aristocratic Ellis 
family of North Carolina. ^Irs. Ellis, notwithstanding her grief at 
the separation, decided to remain with her husband. Among their 
children are mentioned John ; \\'illiam ; Nancy, who married Malachi 
P. Prevo; Rachel, who married Greenberry Ilobbs; Josiali and 
Thomas. Mr. and ]\Trs. Comer were devout members of tlie 
Methodist Episcopal Church. 

William Comer was born in Muskingum County, Ohio, and was 
about twelve years of age when brought to Wayne County, Indiana. 
Whh his parents he came to Carroll County, where he was married 
to Phoebe Dewi't, a descendant of General Dewitt of Revolutionary 
war fame, and as a youn^ married couple they came to Jasper 
County at the time of the advent of Jesse Comer. Locating in 
Gillam Township, they became widely known for their many acts 
of kindness. I\Irs. Comer was a devout Christian and an able assist- 
ant to her husband, whose life work was as a minister of the Meth- 
odist Episcopal faith. She devoted her life to deeds of Christian 
kindness, and no one ever came to her for spiritual or material 
comfort without being benefited. In her later years she was almost 
universally known as "Grandmother" Comer. William and Phoebe 
Comer were the parents of ten children : Elizabeth M., who married 
Elijah Nelson; John E., deceased, Malachi P., who is a farmer of 
Earkley Township, Jasper County ; William P., who is deceased ; 
Martin, deceased, v.ho served in the Civil war as a member of the 
Eighty-seventh Regiment, Indiana \'olunteer Infantry ; Stephen T. ; 

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James II.; Silas F., who died in infancy ; llarncy D., and Jennie, who 
married iVndrew Boston. 

Stephen T. Comer was born February 14, 1848, in Gillam 
Township, Jasper County, and his ho)liood was passed much in the 
same manner as other youths of his day. Me received a limited 
education in the district schools which he attended during; the short 
winter terms, and during the rest of the year helped in the work 
of the home farm, his training being such that at the age of fourteen 
years he capably handled a herd of 300 head of cattle, lie hunted 
and trapped extensively and his first forty acres of land were pur- 
chased from the proceeds of furs which he sold. In the meantime 
he endeavored to better his education, assisted by his loving mother, 
and learned fractions at a night school which he organized after 
becoming a man. Mr. Comer recalls many interesting experiences 
of the early days. He remembers seeing seventy-three deer in one 
drove passing his home, and he has seen his dog. drag down one 
of these noble animals, the Comer table frequently including venison 
as a part of the Christmas dinner, ^\'ild geese and duck were so 
numerous that they were a nuisance to the early settlers, while 
muskrats were found in great abundance, Mr. Comer and his brother 
Barney catching as many as seventy-five in one day. Mr. Comer 
on one occasion sold twenty mink skins for $7.75 each, and with 
the proceeds of this sale purchased an ox-team. His entire life has 
been passed in Jasper County, where at one time he owned vast 
tracts of land, but in his later life has sold oft" the greater part of 
this property to engage in the cattle business, and now has but 
220 acres. In his long extended career in Jasper County, Mr. 
Comer has discharged his duties as an individual and as a citizen 
with unvarying fidelity. He has been identified with all movements 
tending to promote the best interests of his locality, and has made 
an irreproachable record as a man of strict probity and pure motives. 
A republican in his political views, he has served two terms as 
trustee of Union Township, and at the present time is a member of 
the county council of Jajfper County. His fraternal connection is 
with Parr Lodge No. 789, of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, 
in which he has numerous friends. By his old neighbors and his 
fellow-tow-nsmen in Union Township, he is held in the utmost 
respect and esteem. 

On November 23, 1871, ^Ir. Comer was married to ]\Iiss Mary 
E. Daniels, wdiose death occurred after three years of married life. 
They became the parents of one son: Shelby, who married Miss 
Maude .Lakin and has four children, Mary Ellen, ]\Iildred Pauline, 
Ruth lone and Max Edison. 

Barnev D. Co^n•:K was born in Jasper County, on the old Comer 
homestead, July 12, 1860, and he passed away on the 23d of May, 
1916. He was a son of William and Phoebe (Dewitt) Comer. 

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Extended inention of tlie Comer family will be found in llie sketch 
of Stephen Comer, in this volinne. During boyhood, up to the age 
of thirteen years, Barney D. Comer found life very satisfactory, 
fishing- and hunting assisting him to pass the time pleasantly, no 
compulsion being exercised to make him attend school, and, in 
fact, until he was twenty-four years old, he had never passed a 
single day in school. He knew quite a good deal about farming, 
liowevcr, and concerning cattle and was associated with his brother 
Stephen in the cattle business and proved industrious and judicious. 
As Mr. Comer told the story himself, the commentator, may assert 
that about this time a young lady's refining influence had the efifect 
of arousing his ambition and he resolved to go to school, which 
resolve he carried out, entering the third grade in the neighboring 
public school. That he was in earnest about repairing past negli- 
gence was proved before the winter was over by his becoming 
proficient enough to enter the seventh grade. Mr. Comer was 
always noted for resolution when convinced he was moving in the 
right direction, and he kept diligently at his books and subsequently 
attended two terms at the Normal School at \'alparaiso, and not 
only that but secured a license to teach school. Following this he 
taught seven terms in Union Township and one in Barkley Town- 
ship, pro\-ing thoroughly efficient and enjoying the experience. 

On July 13, 1S90, 'Mr. Comer was united in marriage with Miss 
Addie C. Bruce, the estimable young lady above referred to, and 
they had three children : Ernest L., who married Pearl Lilves and 
they have two children, Vivian and Geneve; Georgia, who died 
young; and Marie Annette, who was educated at Valparaiso and 
resides with her parents. Mrs. Comer is a daughter of Henry C. 
and Harriet (Babcock) Bruce and her ancestry can be traced 
definitely to the immortal Robert Bruce of Scotland. 

In 1894 IMr. Comer embarked in farming on his home place of 
100 acres and made all the substantial improvements now in evi- 
dence. From time to time as circumstances adjusted themselves 
and/made action possible and desirable, he added to his original 
farm and owned about 400 acres which he devoted to diversified 
farming according to modern methods, raised good stock and the 
registered stock of the Valley L. Farms is widely and favorably 

Mr. Comer was a member of the Methodist Protestant Church, 
as is also his family, although Mrs. Comer was reared a Baptist, 
that being the. religious faith of her people. Her father was born 
in Vermont and her mother in New York. They were married in 
Tippecanoe County, Indiana, and came to Jasper County seventy 
years ago. Both parents of Mrs. Comer are deceased, their burial 
being in the Crockett Cemetery. The father was a farmer and 
stockraiser and at one time was a man of prominence and of large 
estate in Jasper County. He was a republican in politics as was 
Mr. Comer. The latter was always busy with his own affairs and 

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nol. anxious to accept public office, but lie twice scr\cd as towiii.hiij 
trustee, once by appointment and once b}' election. For many years 
he was a member of the lodge of Odd Fellows at Rensselaer. 

Mr. Comer was a very entertaining talker and would relate many 
interesting stories of early days here, not of his own experience but 
as he heard them told by his father and other old settlers. Listen- 
ing to some of them and comparing old stories with those of the 
present day, one is impressed with the fact that rough, irresponsible 
disturbers of the peace live and exercise their cruel natures in 
every age when opportunity arises. He related one occasion when 
but for the influence of his father and five sons, the ^'illage of 
Rensselaer would probably have been destroyed by fire and the 
home guard, as it was during the Civil war, been killed. The 
occasion was when an intemperate speech was made by a sympa- 
thizer with secession, resulting in the loyal men of the town putting 
him into prison. His friends determined to rescue him, kill the 
guard and burn the town but the plot was discovered by William 
Comer who hastened to inform his father and the five sons were 
sent out to warn the people. Two small armies gathered at Rensse- 
laer and for a time things looked very serious but before any real 
damage was done, the prisoner was freed to never return and the 
malcontents were subdued by the authorities. Illustrative of the 
wild, rough element that had to be contended with in early days, Mr. 
Comer told of cruelties wrought on young people by horse thieves 
in the Kanka.kee River region. Those days have long since passed 
but 'the Comer and Bruce families, as pioneers, lived through deeply 
exciting times. 

In conclusion excerpts from a local publication are here given 
in conimemoration of the life work and death of Barney D. Comer. 

"The funeral of Barney D. Comer was held Thursday afternoon 
at 2 o'clock at the Rose Bud church near his home. It was one of 
the largest funerals ever held in the county, and only a small part 
of those present were able to get into the church. Mr. Comer was a 
widely known man and his friends came not only from all over the 
county but from many other places to pay tribute to his active 
fruitful life. Almost a hundred automobiles and many horse- 
drawn vehicles gathered at the church and followed the cortege to 
Weston cemetery in Rensselaer where the burial took place. The 
service at the church was conducted by Revs. R. \\'. Conn and 
Forest Crider, the former from Hatfield and the latter from Moores- 
ville. Both have performed spiritual labors in this county and were 
close friends of the deceased. The I. O. O. F., of which he had 
long been a member, performed its ritualistic service at the grave. 

"Mr. Comer was the typical self-made man. Born at a time 
when the northern part of Jasper county wa^ little better than a 
swamp, it seemed to offer little encouragement in the way of finan- 
cial success. Yet, when a mere boy, Barney determined to overcome 
obstacles and to become a man of means and of influence in his 


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coniniunily. That !k- succufdcd we all know. His pavoiiis were 
poor in worldly goods, but rich in the thini^s that are worth while. 
Honest, industrious and Clod- fearing, they instilled in their son 
these qualities. 

"lie was a member of the Odd Fellows lodge of Rensselaer and 
a disciple of Friendship, Love and Truth as laid down in that order. 
A year before his marriage he was converted and joined the Rose 
Bud church and for many years had remained a loyal and active 
nKtrilicr. He w.-'> a great believer in Stuidny school work and was 
always in his place. For many years he was chairman of the local 
Sunday school convention work. 

"Activity was the keynote of his life. Whatever he did, he 
did with a purpose and an intensity that carried the work to com- 
pletion and success. He was one of the men who do things. 
Whether as trustee of his township, advocate of good roads, teacher 
in the public schools, at the head of the anti-saloon movement, chair- 
man of the Sunday school organization, he was a persistent and 
tireless worker. 

"Although he sjient most of his life within sight of his birthplace, 
he had the vision and broad mindedness of a man who has trav- 
eled much. He was interested in the affairs of his country, vi-as an 
ardent nev^-spajjer reader and a lover of good books. He was 
public-spirited, broadminded, generous-hearted, a true friend, a 
loving husband and kind father. No worthy person ever appealed 
to Mr. Comer in vain. His name was on the list for every good 
movement and at the head of every subscription for help to those 
needing it. His strong personality was felt in every public gather- 
ing. In the future where men meet at public sales, political meet- 
ings, conventions and church gatherings this hel])ful man's pres- 
ence will be greatly missed. Mis place will not soon be filled and his 
memory will not be forgotten. 

"Tlic last few weeks of his life he had been crippled by an acci- 
dent and, although he had to go on crutches, he was oMt working 
hard/ for the proposed new stone road system through Union town- 
ship. For the past two weeks his life had been filled with pain and 
suffering. His desire to gel well was great, as he felt he had much 
to accomplish and many things that had been pushed aside in the 
stress of business, he felt he wanted time to do. However, he ex- 
pressed himself many times as to his faith in Christ as his Saviour, 
and his readiness to go. Throughout his life he had a great rev- 
erence for the memory of his sainted mother. His friends have 
often heard him express his belief that he would see her as he 
passed to the Great Beyond. Less than an hour before he passed 
away he looked upward and said : 'Mother, r\Iother.' These were 
his last audible words. 

"Thus has passed away one of Jasper county's good men and 
'After life's fitful fever he sleeps well.'" 

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Benjamin Newell, who is now living at Brook, is one of the 
old and well known citizens of this section of Northwestern In- 
diana. In fact he was born in Tippecanoe County when lliat was 
still a frontier close to the verge of while settlement. His has Ijeen 
a long and useful career, spent cliieily as a farmer, but in liis time 
he has influenced and benefitted the various cijnnnunities in which 
he has lived in ])ehalf of i)rogress and the uijbuilding and mainte- 
nance of institutions. 

His birth occurred ]\lay iS. 1S33. ei<ditv-threc vf^ars a^ri. on 
Wea I'lains in Tippecanoe County, Indiana. When he was three 
years of age his mother died. His parents were William and Maria 
(Steely) Newell, who were of Scotch descent, were married in 
Ohio and established their pioneer home in Tippecanoe County 
between 1830 and 1833. 

It was in Tippecanoe County that Benjamin Newell spent his 
youth. He attended one of the old fashioned primitive schools and 
acquired only the fundamentals of a literary education. He also 
learned how to work hard, how to be honest and strictly upright in 
his relations with men, and those qualities have stood Iiim well in 
the battle for existence. 

On March 24, 1870, Mr. Newell was married in Shelby County, 
Indiana, to Nancy J. R. Webb, who v.-as born in Flemingsburg, 
Kentucky, Marclr 13, J846, the eldest of the four children, three 
sons and a daughter of Samuel and Lovey Ann (Jones) Webb. The 
four children are all living, as follows: Mrs. Newell; William W., 
engaged in business in Greenfield, Hancock County, Indiana, who 
married Margaret Richardson, and they have one child; John S., 
a farmer of Roseland, Missouri, who is married and has six chil- 
dren; and Thomas L., of Lafayette, Indiana, and the father of 
two children. Samuel Webb was !)orn in Pennsylvania on the 23d 
of November, i8ro, and died in Perrysburg, C)hio, in 1854. He 
was a hatter by trade. In young manhood he left his native state 
for Kentucky, and in 1848 mo\ed from there to Ohio, thence to 
^ndiana, and later, returning to Ohio, he died in that state. Mrs. 
Webb was born in Kentucky March 17, 1824, and was reared, edu- 
cated and married in that state. She died at the home of her daugh- 
ter in Brook, Indiana, in about 1890. Bofli Mr. and Mrs. Webb 
were affiliated with the Methodist Church. 

From early manhood until quite recently Bcnj;imin Newell made 
farming his profession and business. For about six years he lived 
in Missouri and directed the operation of a farm, but then returned 
to Tippecanoe County and in 1880 he moved to Washington To\vn- 
•ship in Newton County. For thirty-four years he directed the 
operations of 1,400 acres of land in that township. In 1894 Mr. 
Newell moved to the Village of Brook and has since lived there, 
though still maintaining an interested eye over his farming inter- 
ests. He has always favored improvements, and i)articularly such 
as roads and ditches. He also owns some tovv-n property in Brook. 

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Mr. Newell is affiliated wilh the Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows at Brook and in politics he is a rcjniblican. He served on the 
town board for one term, and for a number of years was road 
sitpen-isor. He is a member of the board of trustees of the Chris- 
tian Church, and his wife Mrs. Newell and Mrs. Frank Rich were 
chiefly responsible for the establishment of the Christian Church at 
Brook, having worked steadily for two years to effect that organiza- 
tion. Mrs. Newell is also a member of the \\'elfare Club of Brook. 
T!io prefly hnmc nf Mr. and Mrs. Newell is Irnown as "Rose l.awn." 

Wjijjam, TowNSExn. Well may this publication pay a tribute 
of honor to that sterling citizen whose name introduces this memoir 
and who left deep and benignant impress upon the community that 
long represented his home and in which his influence was ever 
given in sujiport of those things that are good and true and that 
touch most closely the communal welfare. His death, on the 23d 
of May, 1915, was the direct result of a pitiable accident, for on the 
preceding Sunday, May i6th, while attempting to examine the roof 
of one of his store buildings in his home Town of Remington, he fell 
from a ladder and sustained such severe injuries about the head as 
to render him unconscious. He was borne to his home, where he 
lay in a semi-tor[joi', until his death, it liax'ing been Impossible lo 
revive him sufficiently to gain the actual details of the accident 
which he had encountered, as he was alone at the time. It has been 
deemed within the realm of probability that he suffered a stroke of 
apoj^lexy and that this was the cause of the accident which brought 
his death and a shock of loss and bereavement to his com- 
munity. His life was guided and governed by the loftiest princi- 
ples, he was a man of thought and action, and his career was one of 
signal usefulness and honor. Kindliness and generosity were in- 
trinsic elements of his being, and it may well be understood that 
such a man and such a citizen when called from the stage of his 
mortal endeavors must lea\e a distinct void in the community in 
which he has worthily lived and worthily wrought. 

William Townsend was of distinguished American ancestry and 
his genealogy traces back to sterling forebears who came from 
England to this country in the earlier part of the sixteenth century, 
representatives becoming prominent in both the New Jersey and 
Maryland colonies. At Greencastle, the judicial center of Put- 
nam County, Indiana, the late William Townsend was born on the 
30th of September, 1854, and he was a son of William S. and 
Catharine L. (Peck) Townsend, who were honored pioneers of that 
county, where they established their home in 1829, upon their re- 
moval from -Kentucky, the historic old Bluegrass State ha\-ing 
given many splendid families lo Indiana in the pioneer era of tlie 
history of the latter commonwealth. 

William Selby Townsend, father of the subject of this memoir, 
was a son of James and Catherine Hodge (Davis) Townsend, and 

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James Townscnd was a son of Major and Leah (Sclby) Townscnd. 
James Townsend was born near llic historic old colonial City of 
Elizabethtowii, New Jersey, on Ihe 31st of August, 1786, and his 
wife was a close kinswoman of Jeflerson Davis, who became the 
president of the Confederate Slates at the time of the Civil war. 
From his native state James Townsend remo\Td to Snow Hill, 
Worcester County, Maryland, whence, about the year 1809, lie 
remo\cd with his family to Kentucky and became one of the 
pioneers of T^ninn County, where lie bid out and be.-:inic the virtual 
founder of the present thriving little cily of Morganheld. He be- 
came a prominent and influential citizen of that section of the Blue- 
grass State and ser\ed in both the Lower House and Senate of 
the Kentucky Legislature. He was a man of substance, owning 
valuable properly, including a number of slaves whom he gave Ihci'r 
freedom many years prior to the Civil war. In 1829 this sturdy 
pioneer, great of nn'nd and heart, came witli his family to Indiana 
and established a home in the wilds of Putnam County, now one 
of the most opulent of that section of the Hoosier State. He platted 
the Town of Putnamville, on the National Road, and finally he 
removed to Clay County, where he passed the residue of his life 
and where his death occurred on the 3d of Xoxembcr, 1851, his 
widow survi\ino him by a score of years and being summoned to 
eternal rest on the i8th of April, 1S71. Of their nine children 
William S., father of the subject of this memoir, was the third in 
order of birth, and he became one of the prominent and represen- 
tative citizens and pro.sperous agriculturists of Putnam County. 
^^'illiam S. Townsend serx'ed as county clerk for some time and was 
a resident of Greencastle at the time of his death, when he was 
in the prime of life. His widow survived him by many years and 
they became the parents of two .sons and two daughters, three of 
whom succumbed to tuberculosis after attaining adult age, Wil- 
liam of this review, having been the only one who reached years 
of full maturity, so that he was the last of the immediate 
family when deplorable accident brought to him untimely death. 
It is deemed but consistent to offer in this connection the more 
intimate and appreciative estimate of the character and services 
of William Townsend that is possible through recourse to quota- 
tion, with minor elimination and paraphrase, from the article that 
appeared in a Remington newspaper at the time of his death : 

"In the year 1875 William Townsend, whose educational ad- 
vantages had been of excellent order and who was reared to 
maturity in Putnam county, came up to the prairie country of 
Jasper county for the benefit of his health, and here he main- 
tained his home until his death. His mother came soon after his 
arrival and made a home for him, and after his marriage, in 1S80, 
to Elnora Garrison, she resided with them until her death. Mr. 
Town.scnd's filial solicitude and unfailing devotion to his venerable 
mother marked him as a man of great heart and loving apjjre- 

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igayed in the drug liusincss for 
>■ aclixe and useful Hfe. He has 
t-nts to eivic affairs, serving as a 
memlxT of the school board and also of the town council. At 
the time of his death he was clerk of the village council, a position 
which he had held more than fifteen years, and he had held also 
a numiicr of other jiositions of public trust. Mr. Townsend was 
affiliated with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and its ad- 
junct organization, the Daughters of Rebekali. In politics he v.'as 
a rcpuljlican, in religion a Presbyterian, a church willi which he 
united April 5, 1886, as a member of a class of thirty-three mem- 
bers. In the local church he served as trustee, deacon, choir leader 
and teacher in the Sunday school, his efficiency as musical direc- 
tor in the church having been pronounced. 

"In the death of Mr. Townsend the community loses not only 
one of its most prominent business men but also a model citizen 
and a good man. He was a friend to all, — young and old. The 
school children, with whom he had much association, attest to his 
kindly qualities by their friendship and regard for him. What more 
could be said as to a man's qualities than that he was a friend of 
the children? But Mr. Townsend's finer characteristics were ex- 
hibited in his relation to his home and family. He was most tender 
and affectionate in his attitude as a husband, self-sacrificing as a 
father, and Isind and generous to those close to him in the kinship 
of the family. His taking away was a shock to the community and 
will be a deep and abiding sorrow for the family, whose members 
may find a measure of consolation and compensation in the thought 
that their loss is also that of the community, and that with them 
the community mourns." 

'i1ie remains of this honored citizen rest in the beautiful ceme- 
tery at Remington, and as enduring as any material monument is 
his place in the aft'ectionate memory of those who came within the 
sphere of hi-, kindly and noble influence. Mr. Townsend is sur- 
vi\'cd by his wife and their two sons, Claude ]j. and Lowell, con- 
cerning whom more specific mention is made in following para- 

Claude I!., who succeeded to the management of the drug Inisi- 
ness upon the deatli of his honored father, was born at Reming- 
ton on the 15th of April, iSSi, and as a loyal citizen and progressive 
young business man he is well upholding the prestige of the name 
which he bears. He acquired his early education in the public 
schools of his nati\e place and later completed a pharmaceutical 
course in Purdue University. He is a i-epublican in his political 
proclivities and is affiliated with the Masonic fraternity Lodge No. 
351; also with the Chapter at Goodland and the Council at Monti- 
cello and with the Modern Woodmen of America. On the 5tli of 
November 1902, Mr. Townsend wedded Miss Blanche Ecl<, and 
they have two daughters, — Elnora and Catherine. 

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Lowell Townsend, younger son of the subject of this memoir, 
is a j'ouug man of distinctive musical talent, in the cultivation of 
which he received the best of advantages. Eor three years he was 
an instructor in music in the E^ni\er,silv of Illinois, and he now 
holds a similar position at the University of Wisconsin. 

Jt)nN J. Porter. There are few residents of ]\cniington, Jas- 
per Counly, who liave a more practical acquaintance with historic 
points in what was once called the far West, than has John J. 
Porter, whose tr<i\els ha\e extended also into the far South and 
incidentally thrice across the Atlantic ocean. Mr. Porter, a large 
landowner in both Jordan and Carpenter Townships, now lives re- 
tired, a man of public influence, at Remington. 

John J. Porter was born in Northamptonshire, England, No- 
vember 28, 1S36, a son of Samuel and Martha (Hurst) Porter. 
The jiarents sjjent their entire lives in England. The father was a 
saddler and harness-maker by trade, an honest workman and a 
worthy man. They had relatives living at that time in Lorain 
County, Ohio, and when John J. Porter's future was considered it 
was thought advisable that he should join these relatix-es in America 
and on his maternal uncle's farm learn the principles of agriculture. 
He was only eleven years old when he started for the United .States, 
a passenger on the sailing ship. The Queen of the ^^''est. This ves- 
sel brought him safely across the ocean although it took li\e weeks 
and one day to make the voyage. 

Mr. Porter spent nine years on his uncle's farm in Ohio and 
then decided to start out for himself, in 1856 going to DeKalb 
Counly, Illinois, where he labored as a farm hand for $17 a 
month foi" a Mr. Jcwctt, who afterward became his father-in- law. 
In the meanwhile homesickness overcame him and in 1857 '^"^ went 
back to his native land but, after a short visit was satisfied and 
once more became a resident of the United States. At this time 
he located in La Salle County, Illinois, and in 1858 was married, 
and in 1859 made his first trip to Pike's Peak, in the Rocky Moun- 
tains of Colorado, gold hax'ing been discovered there in the i)re- 
vious year. He returned home in the fall but in the spring of 
i860 went back to the mountains and in all made seven trijjs across 
the plains. He met with thrilling experiences while ojjerating in 
the Colorado mountains and at Walla \\'alla, Washington. Mr. 
Porter s])ent two seasons in New Mexico and his last trip home 
from the ^Vest was made by the way of the Nicaragua route, and 
after getting to the east side of the isthmus he took passage on the 
well known steamer, the Golden Rule, whicli was then one of the 
largest vessels afloat. 

In the fall of 1864 Mr. Porter rettn-ned to the East permanently 
and located at Mendota, Illinois, where he engaged for a time in 
buying stock, In 18G9 he came to Jasper Comity and rented farming 
land until 1S74, when he inirchased and located on section 2 in 

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Carpenter Township. He now owns 293.65 acres of Aaluable land 
in the county, wliich lie in both Carj^enter and Jordan townships. 
This land he culti\ated under liis own supervision until 1889, when 
lie moved to Remington. 

Mr. Porter was married in 1858 to Miss Sarah Ann Jcwctt, who 
died August 14, 1902, ha\ing been the beloved mother of three 
children: Ollie S., Burdett and Thomas A. 

For fifty years Mr. Porter has been an Odd Fellow and he is 
likewise well known in other organizations, being a Mason and a 
Knight of Pythias and belonging to the Rcbckahs and the Eastern 
Star. Fie has always been a re]niblican in political sentiment. Time 
lias touched Mr. P'orter lightly. 

TuoM.NS Hoi.LiNcswoKTii. Fike most towns which are en- 
joying a steady and healthy growth that of Rensselaer, Jasper 
County, Indiana, owes its prosperity to the progressive and ener- 
getic character of its leading citizens. Those who have assisted 
materially in its development are Emmet Louis Hollingsworth and 
George K. Hollingsworth, sons of Thomas Hollingsworth, w-ho for 
some years was a prominent merchant here. Thomas Hollingsworth 
was born in Columbiana County, Ohio, near the town of New Lis- 
bon, in 1836 a son of Samuel and Sarah Leach Hollingsworth. Fie 
was reared to manhood in his native county and served an apprcn- 
ticeshi]) to the cabinetmaker's trade. Having received a practical 
education and taken the necessary examination, he taught school 
during the winter terms for some years. In 1S61 he married 
Elizabeth, a daughter of George Knnnal, and in 1865 came to Jas- 
per County, Indiana, locating in Rensselaer, where he embarked in 
general merchandise pursuits willi Joseph W'illey. He was thus 
continuously engaged until J 871, when, for reason of failing health, 
he retired from the active business cares of life. He died January 
25, 1872. Thomas Hollingsworth was born and reared in the 
Quaker faith, in which he was a leader while residing in Ohio. Fie 
was old-fashioned in his ways, dressed in black clerical garb, and 
used the "thee's" and "thou's" peculiar to the Quakers until his 
marriage, which was outside of the denomination. Subsequently 
he embraced the religious faith of his wife, uniting with the Church 
of God in Rensselaer, in which he became a ruling elder. He 
took no active part in politics Init was interested in all matters 
pertaining to the public weal, particularly that of schools and 
churches. He was noted for his methodical habits, close attention 
to business, and for his unostentatious charity. Few men ever 
lived in this community who were more universally respected than 
was he. His wife did not long .survive him, dying in October, 1873. 
She bore her part in the struggle of her husband for a living, cheer- 
fully bearing her burden in life, with its joys and sorrows, and was 
particularly noted for her devotion to church and missionary work. 
They were the parents of two children, Emmet Louis and George 

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Kannal. The latter, Ijoni in Rensselaer, September jG, i86S, is now 
a resident of Chieago. 

Emm,et Louis IJuixingswokth, was born in Columbiana 
County, Ohio, January 22, 1864, and was thus less than two years 
old when he was brought to Rensselaer, wliich place has since been 
his home. In 1880 he was graduated in the first class from the 
Rensselaer Migli School, and for two years thereafter was a student 
in the literary course of the University of Michigan. Returning to 
Rensselaer in the fall of -1882, he at once became clerk in the old 
banking establishment of A. McCoy and T. Thompson, and was 
thus continuously employed until 1S93. In that year he became one 
of the organizers of the Commercial .State liSank, which later be- 
came the present First National Bank. Besides being the cashier 
of the Commercial Stale Bank during its entire life, he held the 
same position in the First National from its organization until he 
was elected its president, January i, 1912. On March i, 1913, he 
resigned and has since devoted his attention to real estate and pri- 
vate interests. He was instrumental in the organization of what is 
now the Trust and Savings Bank of Rensselaer, and is a large 
stockholder in the same. Mr. Hollingsworth is a thirty-second 
degree Scottish Rile Mason, i\doniram Temple, Indianapolis, lie- 
longing also to the subordinate lodge of Odd Fellows 143, The 
Knights of Pythias. No. 82, and the Modern Woodmen, Camp 4412. 
In politics he is a republican. 

He was married December 31, 1887, to Miss Fannie May Allen, 
daughter of Oscar M. and Hannah Allen of Kalamazoo, Michi- 
gan. To this union five children ha\x' been born, namely: Cecilia 
G., now Mrs. Florace Barker Chadbourne of Harmony, Maine; 
Lois Dorothea, now Mrs. Ralph T. Uiijohn, of Kalamazoo, Michi- 
gan; Gerald E., Emmet L., Jr., all living and Ruth Irene, who died 
in infancy. Mr. and Mrs. Hollingsworth are members of the 
Presbyterian Church. ;\Ir. Hollingsworth has been a ruling elder 
for twenty years. 

George Hollingsworth is the younger son of the late 
Thomas Flollingsworth, one of the ]iioneer business men of, Jasper 
County, and though a resident of Chicago is still keenly interested 
in Jasper County affairs and is well known here. 

He was born at Rensselaer, Indiana, .September 26, 1868, grew 
up in that town, attended the public schools, and like his older 
brother Emmet L., whose sketch is given above, has been chiefly 
engaged in real estate and banking. Fie is now in the real estate 
business at Chicago. 

He was vice jjresident of the Commercial State Bank of Rensse- 
laer, and during his residence in his home city served as a member 
of the city council and on the school board. Mr. Hollingsworth is 
a republican, a member of the Masonic fraternity and the Wood- 


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men of l!ic ^^■orld, belongs to the City Club of Chicago and the 
Art Inslilute in thai cit\-. and is a mcni!)er of the rresbytcrian 

On September 26, 18S9, at Rensselaer he married Nora A. Hop- 
kins, a daughter of I-udd Hopkins, who was one of the pioneer 
merchanls of Rensselaer. Mr. and Mrs. Hollingsworth have two 
cliildren : Donald H. and Thomas. The son Donald married Doro- 
thy VoK on April 18, 191 5. 

(iij)k(a-; H. lli;Ai.r.v. .Rensselaer peo[)!e feel a sense of com- 
fortable security in such citizenship as has been exhibited by Major 
George H. Healey, editor and one of the proprietors of the Rensse- 
laer J'^cpublican. Some refer to him as a "live wire" in the com- 
munity. He has in fact, with a due amount of conservatism, made 
his influence count for good is Jasper County in more ways than 

He is a member of the firm of Healey & Clark, the second 
member of whicli is Leslie Clark, publishers of the l-iepulilican at 
Rensselaer, the strongest and most influential paper in Jasper and 
Newton counties. It is a daily paper published every evening and 
there is also a semi-weekly edition. 

Major Healey, while a comparatively young man, is an old time 
printer, since he learned that trade when he was a boy. He was 
born at Rensselaer Novciuber 14, 1872. His parents were Joshua 
and Julia (Howland) Healey. Joshua Healey, a nati\e of Canada, 
came to Indiana at the age of nineteen, and for three or four years 
taught school. At the very outbreak of the Civil war he joined a 
company made up at Rensselaer, and went to the front as a mem- 
ber of Compan)- d, Ninlli Inrliana \'oluiUeer Infantry. He was 
made captain of this company at the end of three months, and 
later promoted to major of the CJnc hundred and Twenty-eighth 
Regiment and finally to colonel of the One Hundred and Fifty-first 
Indiana Rcgimen*^. He was one of the Union soldiers of whom 
Jasper County was especially proud. He died at Goodland, 
Indiana, January 2, 1880, from diabetes, a disease he had 
contracted in the army. While home on a leave of absence 
from the army he married Julia Ann Howland, who was born near 
Peru, Miami County, Indiana, and was a school teacher before her 
marriage. She died at the home of her son, George, in Rensselaer 
May 14, 1913. 

After finishing his school work in the Rensselaer High School 
George H. Healey gained his first acquaintance with the printer's 
trade at the age of si.xteen in the News oflice at Remington, Indiana. 
His was the usual experience of tlic jomneyman printer, and he 
worked at different times in Cumberland Gap, Tennessee ; Cali- 
fornia, Missouri; Scdalia, Missouri, and shifted from the case as a 
compositor to the circtilation, reportorial and advertising depart- 



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meuts. He has had extensi\c experience as a pubh'sher, and for 
several years published pa])crs at Brookslon and Chalmers. I'or 
four years lie was employed as a printer in the government print- 
ing office at Washington, the greatest institution of its kind in the 
world. Since January i, 1906, l\Ir. Healey has liecn one of tlic 
publishers and since October i, 190", has been the editor of the 
Republican at Rensselaer. 

Newspajjcr work by no mean circumscribes all his interest. He 
is now a major in the Indiana National Guard, having command of 
Companies rj, C, I and L of the 'Ihird Infantry. These companies 
are located respectively at Rensselaer, Monticello, Plymouth and 
Valparaiso. His son, George W., is quartennnstcr in this bat- 

r.oth as a pri\ate citizen and as a newspaper man he has 
naturally been identified with politics. He describes himself as "a 
republican with a balance wheel." He believes in correcting party 
faults from within and not trying to wreck the party in order to 
create reform. In line with this principle he kept his newspaper 
straight down the middle of the road during the troublesome days 
of 1912. He has been in jjolitics for the good of the cause and 
has neither sought nor held any official position. But his home 
community gives him much credit for jniblic .'-jtirited worlc, particu- 
larly as a temperance advocate. He is not only opposed to the liquor 
business in any form, but is a thorough exemplar of the best princi- 
ples of temperance, ha\ing never tasted liquor nor tobacco in any 
form. He took an active part in driving the saloons out of Rensse- 
laer, and he is not alone in his ojnnion that the city is a hundred per 
cent better than when these institutions were running about nine 
years ago. 

T\Ir. Healey and all his family are members of the Christian 
Church and fraternally he is affiliated with the Knights of Pythias, 
the Modern Woodmen of America and the Sons of Veterans. 

His home life has been ideally hai)iiy, and it is only natural that 
he takes much pride in his children, all of whom show great prom- 
ise for the future. Ai Tipton, Missouri, June 14, 1893, he was 
united in marriage with Stella Xaomi Hough, daughter of Rev. 
and Mrs. Milton T. Hough. To their union were born six chil- 
dren, and all are living except the first born. George W., the oldest 
son, now twenty years of age, graduated from the Rensselaer High 
School, spent one year in the University of Illinois, and another year 
in the Uinversity of Indiana. Yctz, the second daughter, is a mem- 
ber of the class of 1916 in the Rensselaer High School. Ivah, aged 
fifteen, is a freshman in the higji school, while Adna Julian, aged 
ten, is in the grade schools, and the youngest is Homer Alax, now 
one year old. 

LiiSLJK Cl-\kk is one of the editors and publishers of the Rensse- 
laer Republican, and as such reference to his career jMoperly bclontp; 
in the history of Jasper and Newton counties. 


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■ He wns liorn August 22. 1867, a sou of Ezra L. and Myilic Z. 
Clark. Willi a higli sciiool educatiou he hcgau learuiug the 
printer's trade at the age of sixteen in the oflice in which he later 
became one of the owners. After working in various oflices in 
Chicago in iSyi ho cnteretl the newspajjer business for himself, 
taking charge as manager and local editor of the People's Pilot in 
lU^nssclaer. In 1893 ^^^ purchased the Times at Redkej', Indiana, 
which at that time was one of the booming natural gas towns of 
the state. Disposing of the Times in 1895, he bought the Fort 
Recovery, Ohio, Journal, which he conducted until 1897. 

Then returning to Rensselaer, he bought the People's Pilot, 
changing the name to Rensselaer Journal, and making it a reptibli- 
can paper. In 1908 the Journal and Republican were consolidated, 
the ownership later passing into the control of George H. Mealey 
and Mr. Clark, under the firm name of Healey & Clark. 

Fraternally Mr. Clark is a member of the Knights of Pythias, 
On September 12, 1891, he married Almira D. Shriver, a daugh- 
ter of Joshua and Maria Shriver. Their children are Plarold L., 
Howard B. and Ada Ruth, the sons being associated with their 
father in the publication of the Republican. 

W.VLTEu E. GuM.M. ^^''hile Mr. Gumni is 'one of the representa- 
tive merchants in the Village of Remington, Jasper County, where 
he has maintained his residence since 1S7S, he has achieved in the 
attractive domain of floriculture a rejnitation that transcends even 
the limitations of the United .States, his specialty being the grow- 
ing of peonies, in which field his experiments and scientific investi- 
gations have enabled him to produce many new varieties of splen- 
did order, many hybrids of unequalled beauty. As a merchant he 
owns and conducts one of the leading hardware estaljlishmeuts of 
Remington, and as a citizen he is kno\Mi for his broad mental ken, 
scientific attainments, sterling character and civic loyalty and pub- 
lic spirit. 

Mr. Gumm was born at ]\Iarseilles, Ea.Salie County, Illinois, on 
the 17th day cif July, 1857, and is a son of St. Clair and Julia E. 
(Reniff) Gumm, the former a native of \'irginia and the latter 
of Massachusetts, so that in their marriage were united the cavalier 
strain of the Old Dominion and the J'ilgrim blood of New England. 
St. Clair Gumm was a lad of ten years when his parents removed 
to Illinois and, in 1836, numbered themselves among the pioneers 
of LaSalle County, where they passed the residue of their lives and 
where he himself was reared and educated, his boyhood and youth 
having been compassed by the conditions and influences of the 
pioneer life. He eventually became one of the prominent and in- 
fluential citizens of Marseilles, EaSalle County and had much to do 
with the civic and material upbuilding of that fine little city. He 
conducted a large and important business as a dealer in real estate 
and his enterprise in the platting of a number of additions to the 

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city gave him foremost jilace as one of its most public-spirited and 
progressive men of affairs. Honored by the entire community in 
which he had passed virtually his entire life, he continued his resi- 
dence at Marseilles until bis death, which occurred in the year 1893 
and at which time he was about sixty-seven years of age. ITis 
widow attaineil to ^enerable age and jxissed the gracious twilight 
of her life in the City of Joliet, Illinois, where she was summoned 
to eternal rest in August, 1914. Of the family of three sons and 
three daughters two sons and one daughter are living. 

Walter L. Gumm acquired his early education in the jniljlic 
schools of Marseilles, his native place, and there also he pursued a 
course of higlier academic study in the Mary A. Pickett Seminary, 
in which he and the other children of the family held free-tuition 
scholarships, by reason of the fact that their father had, with 
characteristic liberality, donated five acres of ground on which the 
seminary buildings had been erected. 

In 1874, when about seventeen years of age, Mr. Gumm went 
to Forrest, Livingston County, Illinois, where he entered upon a 
practical apprenticeship to the tinner's trade, in the meanwhile 
having also the privilege of gaining detailed knowledge of the re- 
tail hardware business. Me became a skilled artisan at his trade in 
due course of lime and during the long intervening years he has 
been actively idenlilied with the hardware business. 

In A]iril, 1S78. about three months prior to attaining to his 
legal majority, Mr. Gumm came to Jasper County, Indiana, and 
established his residence at Remington, where he has continued to 
reside during the long intervening period of nearly forty years, 
within which he has so applied his energies and ability as to achieve 
distinctive success and to become one of the representative men of 
this section of the county. 

Upon his arrival in Remington Mr. Gumm assumed a position 
in the hardware store of J. E. Hollett, with whom he continued to 
be most pleasingly associated until 1892, when he purchased the 
store and business of Mr. Hollett and assumed sole control of the 
enterprise that has been signally {irospered under his progressive 
and well ordered management. His establi.shment is well equipped 
in all departments and the substantial and representative patron- 
age accorded to him gives patent evidence of the confidence and 
esteem in which he is held in the community. 

Mr. Gumm may be considered distinctly favored in that his 
tastes and inclinations have led him into another field of enterprise 
and aesthetic exploitation through which he has foimd unqualified 
pleasure and satisfaction as well as financial profit. He believes 
that he inherited from his mother his fondness for plants and 
flowers, and his initial efforts in floriculture were conducted on a 
modest scale and with the sole idea of personal recreation and 
pleasure. Me began growing flowers on the grounds of his home, 
and his success led him into constantly expanding activities in this 

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ideal field of enterprise, wilh the result tliat he has become one of 
the. best known and most successful representatives of iloriculliire 
in this section of Indiana, while as a specialist in the raising and 
dcw'lojiinc; of new types of jjconies he has gained a reputation that 
]ilaces him in the ver)' front ranks. At the time of this writing, in 
the autumn of kji.t, IVlr. C-'umm displays at his fine modern home 
aufl grounds 500 different varieties of peonies, with plants of the 
same to the prodigious number of 60,000. He ships peonies and 
other choice cut flowers to Chicago and other cities, far and near, 
and for his peony roots has been developed a demand throughout 
the civilized world. In 1915 he received orders from the interior 
of western China, near the line of Thibet, and the transfer of the 
shipment from his headquarters to its destination required four 
montlis. Each successive season finds him shipping tlie fine floral 
jnoducts from Remington to the most diverse sections of the United 
States, as well as to foreign countries, and it is to be doubted 
whether any other man in Jasper County has developed a com- 
mercial enterprise of so far-reaching proportions. A visit to his 
beautifully kept propagating grounds is a revelation, especially 
when recognition is taken of the fact that aside from all this 
Mr. Gumm is an active and successful merchant who abates not 
his careful and able supervision of his hardware business. 

He is known for his progressiveness and liberality and is ever 
ready to lend his influence and tangible co-operation in the further- 
ance of measures and enterprises tending to advance and solidify 
the civic and material prosperity of his home town and county. 
For a time he was a valuable contributor to leading periodical and 
standard works pertaining to scientific floriculture, but such literary 
digression made little ap])eal to him and he finally curtailed his 
services in this direction. In politics Mr. Gumm is found aligned as 
a stalwart in the ranks of the republican party, and in the time- 
honoretl Masonic fraternity he has completed the circle of both 
the York and Scottish Rites, with affiliation of maximum order in 
the former as a member of St. John's Commandery of Knights 
Templar at Logansjjort the while he has received the thirty-second 
degree of the Ancient Accepted Scottish Rite in the consistory in 
the city of Indianajjolis, where also he is affiliated with the adjunct 
Masonic organization, the Ancient Arabic Order of the Nobles 
of the Mystic Shrine. He is identified likewise with the Indepen- 
dent Order of Odd Fellows and the Modern Woodmen of 
America. Both he and his wife are zealous and valued members 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church at Remington and they have 
long been prominent and influential figures in the representative 
social life of the community. 

On the 14th of December, 18S1, was solemnized the marriage of 
Mr. Gumm to Miss Rose J. Hart, daughter of Esau Hart, who was 
for many years a pronn'nent citizen of Remington. Mr. and Mrs. 

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Gumiii liavc one (iau.£;lucr, Lillian Iriiia, who remains at the parental 

Hekkv Ward Makhlk. Since the time of its organization, the 
polic)- of the r.ank of Whcaltield has heen directed hy men hear- 
ing the name of Marhle, its fonnder, the late Horace Marhle, and 
his son, its present chief executive officer, Henry Ward Marhle. 
Under their manageinent the institution has enjoyed a steady growtli 
in patronage and a rej)utation as a sound, conservative hanking 

The late Horace Marhle was born June lo, 1839, in Benning- 
ton County, \^ermont, and was nine years of age when brought by 
his parents to Lake County, Indiana. He grew to manhood on the 
home farm, and in the year 1S61 enlisted in Company E, Ninth 
Regiment, Indiana Volunteer Infantry, with which he served gal- 
lantly until the close of the Civil war, receiving his houorable dis- 
charge in 1865 at which time he bore the rank of captain by brevet. 
In 1866 he was united in marriage with Miss Mary E. Booth, who 
died at Hohart, Indiana, in 1872, leaving two daughters: Mrs. Kale 
Ott, of Crown Point, Indiana ; and Mrs. Bernice Clark, of Wheat- 
field. In 1873 Captain Marble was married to Miss Martha Skin- 
ner, who still survives him, and they became the parents of two chil- 
dren : Henry Ward; and Mrs. Ruth .Salislniry, of Crown Point. 

In 1880 Horace Marble was elected sheriff of Lake County and 
served capably in that office for two terms, or until 1885, when he 
was elected county auditor, a post which lie retained tintil 1893. 
During the period of his official service he made extensive purchases 
of land in Wheatfield Township, Jasper County, and from that 
time until his death, which occurred June 15, 1910, at the family 
home north of the Town of Wheatfield, devoted much of liis atten- 
tion to his landed interests and to the management of the Bank of 
Wheatfield, the presidency of which he retained until the time 
of his death. In Mr. Marble's death the community lost one of its 
most highly respected and best known citizens. He was a man of 
intellectual gifts, with excellent business judgment and foresight, 
and of the strictest integrity. During his connection with the Bank 
of Wheatfield his personality was largely responsible for the great 
increase in the business of the concern, while his genial, courteous 
manner drew all to him. He was prominent in Masonry, belonging 
to Wheatfield Lodge No. 642, Free and Accepted Masons, and 
had attained to the Knight Templar degree, and prominent Masons 
from all over the state were present at the funeral, as were leading 
men from all walks of life. Interment, under the auspices of the 
order, was made at \\'heatfickl Cemetery. 

Llenry Ward Marble was born April 24, 1S78, at Hobart, In- 
diana, and received his education in the public schools of Crown 
Point, and Northwestern University, at Evanston, Illinois, which 
institution he attended for one year. He accompanied the family 

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to \Micatfiel(l in 1896, and has here resided to the present time. 
At the time of his father's death he succeeded to the presidency 
of the Bank of \\'hcai field, which has continued to- grow and pros- 
per under his management. A repuliHcan in politics, J\lr. Marble has 
taken an interest in political and public affairs, and in 1914 was 
elected a member of the board of county comhiissioners of Jasper 
Counly, which ])osition he retains. He is a member of the Knights 
of I'ythias, at Wheatficld, Indiana, and a thirty-second degree Scot- 
fi':b Rii'^ Mason at Indianapolis. 

Grkenip I. Thomas. The eldest in a family of four children, 
of whom three are livin.g, Mr. Thomas was born in AMiite County, 
Indiana, on the 17th of August, 1862, and both his paternal and 
maternal ancestors were numbered among the sterling pioneers of 
the Hoosier State. The career of Mr. Thomas has been one marked 
by determined efTort and he has been in the most significant sense 
the architect of his own fortune, as he became dependent upon his 
own resources where a mere lad, owing to the death of his father. 
He has encountered adverse conditions and met with serious re- 
verses, but against each of these experiences he has brought to bear 
undaunted courage and determination, has profited through the les- 
sons of adversity as well as through those of success, and in all the 
relations of life has remained true and steadfast, so that his re- 
ward, in the unqualified respect and good will of his fellow men, 
has not been denied to him and is looked upon by him as a due com- 
pensation. He has maintained his residence in the village of Rem- 
ington since 1905 and is here engaged in the general hardware busi- 
ness, as one of the representative merchants and loyal and progres- 
sive citizens of this fine little city of Jasper County. 

Mr. Thomas is a son of John William and Judethia A. (Alkire) 
Thomas, whose marriage was solemnized in White County, this 
state, where the respective families settled in the early pioneer days, 
when the locality was little more than a wilderness. John W. 
represented White County as one of Indiana's valiant soldiers in the 
Civil war, at the inception of which historic conflict he enlisted in 
Com])any K, F"ifth Indiana Cavalry, with which gallant command 
he particijjatcd in many engagements, including a number of im- 
portant battles, and proved himself a loyal and efficient soldier 
of the Union, his record in this connection having been such as to 
reflect enduring honor on his name and memory. 

After the close of the war John W. removed with his family 
to Kansas, where he became a pioneer farmer, but losses through 
drought and grasshopper scourges made the venture altogether 
precarious, besides which the locality in which he lived was at 
times menaced by hostile or depredating Indians, so that he con- 
sulted expediency by returning with his family to White County, 
Indiana, where he resumed agricultural operations and where he 
died about the year 1872, his life having undoubtedly been shortened 

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by the hardsliips lie had tndured wliilc serving in tlic Civil war 
his physical ])0\vers having been much impaired after the close of 
his military career. His widow later became the wife of Jolm 
Toothman, of Idaville, White County, and she ]Mssed the ch^hm 
years of her life at Remington, Jasper CoinUv, where she dic<l on 
the 20th of June, 1912, her first husband having likewise preceded 
her to eternal rest. 

Greenij, ]. Thomas remained with his mother on the old home- 
stead farm near Idaville, While Connlv, durin.. the pn-ind ,,( hi'- 
infancy, his father having at the lin.e been absent at the front in of the mtegrity of the nation. After the war an<l while 
he was a child of about four years, the family removed' to Kansas 
as previously noted, but within a few vears was made the return 
journey to ^^•hite County, Indiana, where he remained on the farm 
and attended the district schools until the death of his father at 
which time he vvas a lad of about ten .years. He soon afterw'ard 
began to depend upon his own exertions in providing his livelihood 
and he initiated his labors in the employ of a farmer, who paid him 
five dollars a month for his services. Later he worked for a time 
for a compensation of only board and clothing. He turned his 
youthful attention to whatever occupation would give him an honest 
living, and among his early experiences was that of filling grain 
sacks and carrying corn cobs in the grain elevator at Reynolds 
White County, at the dignified salary of twenty-five cents a day! 
Thereafter he continued at farm work, in connection with which he 
was emjiloyed for six years by J. N. Zea, residing two miles east 
of Remington, Jasper County. He received $i2.5o\a month for the 
first six months and thereafter his salary was $16.75 a month. He 
was frugal and careful, placing true valuation upon the fruits of 
his ardous (oil and endeavor, and at the expiration of the six vears 
he found himself i-ossessed of $1.200,— representing his .saving.s and 
the interest accumulated on the same. At this juncture In his 
career he wedded Miss Sarah E. Owens, whose parents came from 
Cass County to Jasper County, and for the ensuing four years he 
conducted independent operations as a farmer. Through misrepre- 
sentations made to him in purchasing his hotel in Saybrook, Illi- 
nois, and through his lack of experience in affairs of business, he 
■lost his property and was comjiclled again to make a new start. He 
was able to resume his farming operations in Jasper County, and at 
the expiration of four years he engaged in the meat-market business 
at Rensselaer, the judicial center of Jasper County, but the 
■incidental credits which he extended to patrons and from which he 
realized virtually no ultimate returns, the enterprise eventually re- 
sulted in a disastrous way, with allendant loss to him of his invest- 
ment and previous monetary accumulations. A depressing situa- 
tion, but Mr. Thomas was yet a young man and was not of the 
nature to be daunted even by repeated attacks of adversity Under 
these conditions he found employment as superintendent of the 

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farm of 1. M. Kcene, fifteen miles norlh of Rensselaer, and he con- 
tinued his services in this capacity after Warren Springer became 
owner of the property. Finally he rented the farm from Mr. 
Springer, and through his energy and good judgment in his opera- 
tions in the raising of hay and cattle he again placed himself finally 
upon a basis that made possible his eventual gaining of financial 
independence once more. 

lljwn leaving the Springer farm Mr. Thomas purchased 206 
acres of land, in Union and J^.arkley Townships, Jasper County, 
and he here conducted successful operations as a farmer anil slock- 
giower, besides making various substantial improvements upon the 
property. He remained on this homestead about five years and 
then, removed to the little village of B'air Oaks, likewise in Jasper 
County, this action having been taken principally for the purpose 
of giving his one child better educational advantages. The .'^ame 
motive led to his removal to Remington in 1905, his residence at 
Fair Oaks having covered a period of about three years, during 
which he gave his attention to handling of real estate. Upon re- 
moval to Remington, ^Ir. Thomas engaged in the farm implement 
business, and he still retains a financial interest in the business, but 
since 1912 his personal supervision has been given to his hardware 
business, vvhich has become one of substantial and profitable order 
and with which he has been identified since the year noted. He is 
a straightforward, reliable and enterprising business man, and as a 
citizen gives his influence and co-operation in the furtherance of 
measures and undertakings advanced for the general good of the 
community. His political allegiance is given to the republican 
party, he is affiliated with the Masonic fraternity at Remington, In- 
diana, No. 35) and the Knights of Pythias Castle Hall No. 58 
and both he and his wife are zealous members of the Christian 

On the 26th of October, 18S3, within a few months' after attain- 
ing to his legal majority, was solemnized the marriage of I\Ir. 
Thomas to Miss Sarah E. Owens, who was born in Cass County, 
this state, as previously intimated in this article. Their only child, 
Opal AT., was born j\Iay 11, 1889, became the wife of Eouie E. 
Dowell.and the supreme loss and bereavement in the devoted mari- 
tal life of Mr. Thomas and his wife came when their daughter was 
summoned to the life eternal in the flower of her young woman- 
hood, her death having occurred on the 28th of November, 1914. 
In their home they are rearing with true ])arental solicitude the son 
of Mr. Thomas' brother, and the name of this foster son is James 
Orville Thomas. 

AuGU.ST BERxn.\r;iyr. It is difficult for those who know August 
Bernhardt as the proi)rietor of a handr.ome and valuable country 
estate of 257 acres near Remington to realize that when he arrived 
in this section of Indiana less than twenty years ago he was possessed 

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of but little capital save a generous share of ambition and determina- 
tion-, and had to overcome many difficulties in the way of advance- 
ment. Many years of consecutive industry ha\c brought him well 
merited success and his career is a demonstration of the fact that 
honest labor is the best foundation upon which to built a structure 
of prosperity. 

He was about twcnly-onc years of age when he came from his 
native land of Germany to the New ^^'orld with its opportunities. 
He was born in W'uerlcmberg, Germany, August i8, 1S63, a son of 
Josejjh and Agatlia Bernhardt. Wliile a German boy he acquired 
the substantial education given to the children of that country, and 
had also trained himself so as to be able to utilize opportunity when 
it came to him. In 1884 he immigrated to America, and for thirteen 
years lived in Livingston County, Illinois. From there he moved 
to the ^■icinity of I\Iount Ayr in Newton Cotmty, and four years 
later, in 1901, came to Carpenter Township in Jasper County, where 
his name now stands for solid industry and success. He has applied 
himself to the general work of farming and stock raising, and in 
both lines has met with success. He is a public spirited citizen and 
his abilities ha\e been recognized by his fellow citizens who have 
elected him to the office of membership on the township advisory 
board, where he has served since January, 1915, and lie is also 
superintendent of tiie Lewis Alter road. In politics he is a repub- 

In 1S90 Mr. Bernhardt married ]\Iiss Maggie Conrad, who was 
born in Illinois, a daughter of Peter and Maggie Conrad, both of 
whom were natives of Friesland, Germany, and who on coming to 
America settled in Peoria, Illinois. Mr. and Mrs. I'ernhardt became 
the parents of four children, one of whom died in infancy. Mary 
Elizabeth is now the wife of Paul ^^'eiss and lives in Carpenter 
Township. George William and Harry A. are farming at home 
with their parents. Mr. Ijcrnhardt ;nid his wife are held in high 
esteem in Jasper County. 

Fkank C. Rich. With a business experience covering many 
years of successful effort, PVank C. Rich came to the office of 
county treasurer of Newton County, a man well fitted for any 
emergency. To him the financial field was already familiar, its 
opportunities known and its dangers well charted. The same open- 
eyed, conservative methods that had brought him business success 
in his private enterprises, were ado])led as safe and sure, when he 
assumed the duties of county treasurer. 'Jliat he still enjoys the 
same confidence and esteem from his fellow citizens is apparent in 
the fact that he has twice been re-elected, serving now in his second 
term. When it is realized that the county treasurer receives and 
disburses all the revenues and other public moneys belonging to the 
county, the grave responsibilities attaching to this office may be 

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J/\sp]':r and xi'ywTOX counties 54:5 

Frank C. Rich was born in CiiiUon County, Indiana, Januarj' 20, 
1864, and is a son of William L. and Sarah J. (Cattcrlin) Rich, 
natix-cs of Indiana. The father followed farming- until he retired, 
in 1S70, removing with his family, to Jasper County, where, with 
flic exception of four years, he has li\cd ever since, the present 
home being at Remington. 'Jhere were eight children in the family 
and four survive. 

Reared and educated in Jasper Count), J'rank C. Rich remained 
v.-itli his fri.thcr until iP-^-. In 1897 'ic went to Brook, Indiana, 
where lie embarked in a hardware business and remained for seven 
years and then moved to Goodland and entered into the grain busi- 
ness, which he profitably conducted until he assumed tlie duties 
jicrtaining to the position of treasurer of Newton County, to which 
lie had been elected in 1912, and, as mentioned above, subsequently 
re-elected. During his residence at Brook and later at Goodland, 
he proved enterprising and public spirited and at both places served 
on the school board. He has long been an important factor in demo- 
cratic circles but has seldom sought political promotion. 

On October 19, 18S7, Mr. Rich 'was united in marriage with 
Miss Eva L. Brown, who was a daughter of one of the old families 
of the county, and they had four sons : Lowell G., Roy F., William 
W. and one wlio died at the age of six months. Mrs. Rich passed 
away January 23, 1912. She was a devout member of the Christian 
Church, to which Mr. Rich also belongs. In fraternal life he is a 
Royal Arch Mason at Goodland, Indiana. 

. Ai-iiERT Frederick Stembel. This is the name of one of the 
young and progressive merchants and business men at Wheatfield, 
and while he is now at the outset of a career of great promise, 
judged by his previous performance, he comes of one of the most 
substantial families long identified with the states of Ohio and 

Born August 25, i88g, Albert Frederick Stembel is a native of 
Jasper County, grew up here, and had the example of a successful 
father to stimulate him to a business career. He is a son of George 
Orren and Sarah T. (Tilton) Stembel. His father was a son of 
Joseph and Mary (Zigler) Stembel, both of whom were of Ger- 
man stock, and among the early settlers of Ohio. Joseph Stembel 
followed farming all his life in Champaign County, Ohio, was a 
member of the Methodist Episcopal Church and quite an active 
democrat. The eight children of Joseph and Mary Stembel were: 
Melissa and George O., both deceased ; John V. ; Mary; Ella ; Albert 
F. ; William H. and Addie E., all of whom are still living and 

George Orren Stembel when twent_\-four years of age started 
out in life- for himself and gained a substantial success from his 
own resources. He was born in Chamj^aign County, Ohio, October 
20, 1854, and died in Jasper County, August 7, 1914. His death 

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marked the passing of one of the foremost business men of this 
-county, and he was widely esteemed wherever known. His wife, 
Sarah E. Tilton, was one of the eight children of John II. and 
Samantha (Swi.sher) Tilton. The eight Tilton children, all of 
whom arc li\-ing and married, arc Alfred J., George W., Sarah E., 
John W., Julia Etta, Corenna F., Bert W. and Bessie T. Their 
father, John H. Tilton, enlisted in the F"orty-sixth Indiana Volun- 
teer Infantry during the Civil war, subsequently was in the Twenty- 
ninth Indiana Infantry, and made a gnlkint record as a soldier, 
a record which will alway.-; be cherished by his descendants. To 
the marriage of George O. and Sarah E. Stembcl were born seven 
children: Albert F., Oscar j., Grover C, Mary S., Harry I., Gil- 
bert II. and Clarence O. Their father, George O. Stembcl had 
many marked characteristics outside of business ability. lie had 
a fine mind, could think as well as act, and his actions ^vcre also 
guided by the strictest of integrity. He was affiliated with the 
Masonic Order, the Knights of Pythias and the Modern Woodmen 
of America, and kept a liigh jilace in the democratic party. For 
eighteen years he served as a member of the school board in Jasper 

In the fall of 1SS4 George A. Stembel came to ^^^leatfield, Jas- 
per County. He was first manager of the W. E. Sweeney lumber 
and hay business. In 1903 he formed a partnership with E. T. 
Biggs in the lumber, grain, hay and farm implement business, and 
in August, 1904, became sole proprietor. He conducted one of the 
largest establishments of its kind in Jasper County and made a great 
success of it. That was his work until his death about ten years 
later. Fle was always a supporter of public enterprises, and in his 
time did as much as any individual to promote progress in Jasper 

Albert F. Stembel, after practically exhausting the resources of 
the local high school, started in to learn business under tlie direction 
of his father. He was at that time eighteen years of age, so that his 
business career covers a period of eight years. On his father's death 
he succeeded him as active manager of the implement and grain, busi- 
ness and has continued it at the same high standard maintained by 
his honored father. Mr. Stembel married Miss Luella McCay on 
December 30, 1914. He is an active democrat and is now a meml.ier 
of the Whealficld Town Board and holds the ofiice of city treasurer. 

Samuel R. Sizi:i.c)\e. Concise, clear and accurate must be the 
work of an auditor and in e\ery case where his professional services 
are required, exists large responsibility. Undoubtedly accounting 
experience is helpful, if not essential, and bookkeeping is the first 
step in this direction. Hence, as an experienced bookkeeper, 
Samuel R. Sizclove was a man well qualified for the jiosilion of 
auditor of Newton County as a majority of his fellow cili/.cns de- 
clared, electing him to tliis ol'fice in tlie fall of 1912. Mr. Sizclove 

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is widely known Ihroiigli his various activities, is a good judge of 
men, is liberally educated and lias had his mind broadened by travel. 

Samuel R. Sizelove was born in Butler County, Ohio, September 
28, iS/2, and is a son of George W. and Margaret (De Arniond) 
Sizelove, both of whom were bom in Culler County. The father 
was a carpenter by trade. lie died in Ohio in 1909, but the mother 
sunives. There were se\-en children in the family. 

Samuel R. Sizelove was reared in his native count}' and attended 
the imblic schools. As he advanced to manhood he determined 
io jircjiarc himself for the profession of teaching and therefore 
took a teacher's course in the state normal school at Terre Haute, 
Indiana, following which he taught school in Newton County for 
nine years, during a part of this time being a teacher in the graded 
schools at Morocco. I\Ir. Sizelove then turned his attention to farm- 
ing and for a number of years operated a farm near Morocco, in 
Newton County, in Washington township. In the spring of 1904 
he decided upon a trip to the far west, locating in the City of Port- 
land, Oregon, and there, for two years he engaged in the selling of 
real estate and in bookkeeping for a western iirm. 

In 1906 Mr. Sizelo\-e returned to Newton County and resumed 
farming, continuing his agricultural operations until 191 1, when he 
moved to Morocco and there operated a garage until he came to 
Kentland to assume the duties of county auditor, to which office 
he had been elected on the democratic ticket, in the fall of 1912. 
He has jjroved thorough-going in whatever he has undertaken, and 
his complete efficiency in his present office is imiversally conceded. 

On September 27, 1897, Mr. Sizelove was tmited in marriage 
with Miss Blanche A. Law, who was a daughter of Joseph Law, of 
Washington Township, and they had three children: Ansel Law, 
whoidied when twelve years old; and Lucile and Blanche E. The 
mother of these children died July 19, 191 1. Mr. Sizelove's second 
marriage took place on June 17, 1914, to Miss Roxie F. Kennedy, 
who is a daughter of Joseph and Martha J. (Ham) Kennedy, re- 
spected old residents of this county. 

Mr. Sizelove has always given his political support to the demo- 
cratic party. He is a man of social nature and highly values his 
membership with the Knights of Pythias, Castle Hall No. 492, and 
the Modem Woodmen, both at Morocco. He is a member of the 
Baptist Church. 

Charles M. D.\niel. The manifold duties pertaining to the 
office of county clerk, make this office one of major importance in 
the management of county afifairs, hence, the selection of a capable 
official at all times is a matter of public concern. In Charles M. 
Daniel, Newton County, Indiana, has a man of strong, normal, bal- 
anced character, who has proved thoroughly efficient in the office of 
county clerk. 

Charles M. Daniel was born in Pulaski County, Indiana, April 

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•£, 1871, and is a son of Jacob E. and Jilizabetli (Coopcrrider) Daniel, 
They were natives of Ohio and came from llurc to Huntington 
County, Indiana, and shortly after the Civil war moved from there 
to Pulaski County. About 18S0 they removed to Carroll County 
and there both died. The father was a farmer and the family 
became well and favorably known in different sections of the state. 

In assisting .his father on the home farm in Carroll County, and 
attending the district schools, Charles M. Daniel .spent a happy, 
wholesome boyhood. Later he took a business course at the North- 
ern Indiana Normal School at ^''alparaiso, but did not immediately 
put his commercial knowledge to use, having decided to continue his 
studies and fit himself for the teacher's profession. With this end 
in view he took a course in the Tri-.State Normal Scliool at Angola. 

For seventeen years Mr. Daniel remained in the educational field, 
teaching thirteen years in Carroll County, two years in White County 
and two years in Newton County, during a part of this time teaching 
in the graded schools of Yeoman, Alonon and Goodland. In 1907 
he located permanently in Newton County and after teaching at 
Goodland for two years, became bookkeeper for the linn of Col- 
burn-Bales Lumber Company, of that place, and continued so en- 
gaged until July, 1915, when he removed to Kentland in order to 
assume the duties of county clerk, to which position he had been 
appointed to succeed Clerk Howard AlcCurry, whose death had left 
a vacancy. Air. Daniel's qualifications for this office are exceptional, 
not the least of his advantages being his wide acquaintance with his 
fellow citizens and the confidence that his past career, both as edu- 
cator and business man, has instilled. So much of the business pass- 
ing through the county clerk's oflice is personal in nature, therefore 
an official of courteous manner and obliging habit, is very generally 

On December 29, 1908, I\Ir. Daniel was united in marriage with 
Miss Grace Watts, who is a daughter of John Watts, a well known 
resident of Monticello, Indiana. Mrs. Daniel was reared in the 
Christian Church and she is connected with many of its benevolent 

In politics Mr. Daniel has always been identified with the demo- 
cratic party. He has long been identified, fraternally, with the 
Masons and the Odd Fellows, and frequently serves on civic bodies 
in relation to public-spirited measures. He is a member of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church. 

Egbert S. Hess, M. D. V. More and more as time goes on do 
progressive communities prove, by their action in electing educated 
men to positions of public responsibility, that trained service is most 
efficient. As conservator of the peace in his county, the sheriff 
has the heaviest of responsibilities and his equijiment for tlie office, 
while including physical courage and manly strength, demands today, 
perhaps much more than it ever did before. W'ith changing times. 

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with iiidustrial )Tstle-s:K-ss, with win inlluciices which luive their 
cITl-cI, niorc or less, on ]K-;iccful ])CO|iIe, and with many other causes 
that arouse and irritate, the oi'lice of sheriff, even in peaceful Xewton 
County, hrnigs many ])erplexing problems. JNIany of these are 
being solved through the competency of the present sheriff, Dr. 
Egbert S. Mess, who is well known professionally all over the 

Egbert .S. Mess was born on his father's farm near IMomence, 
Illinois, Sejitcmber 5, 1878, and is a son of Mahloii and Sarah E. 
(Lowe) Mess. He grew up on the home farm and attended the 
country schools and later the Momence High School and subse- 
quently the Northern Indiana Normal Scliool at \'alparaiso. He 
then turned his attention to the educational field and taught school 
for two terms in Illinois, following which he spent a year as a 
farmer. In the meanwhile, on the farm w-hile handling his own 
stock he Ijecame so interested in the veterinary art that he decided to 
perfect his knowledge along this line and entered the McKillip 
Veterinary College, Chicago, w^here he remained a student for 
three years and was graduated in igo6. He entered into the prac- 
tice of his ]>rofession at Kentland and this city has remained his 

On June 21, 1905, Doctor Hess was united in marriage with ]\Hss 
Audrey L. Cool. They are members of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church and Sheriff Hess belongs also to the ]\lethodist Brotherhood. 
In politics he has always been a repul)liean but accepted his first 
office when he was elected sheriff in the fall of 1914. Firmness and 
decision have marked his administration no less than justice and 
humanity. SherifT Hess belongs to the ]\Iasonic fraternity at Kent- 
land, and has taken the Council degrees at Monticello, Indiana. 

George j\I. Bkiugeman. In the passing of the late George M. 
Bridgeman in 1914, Newton County lost one of her native sons, and 
a citizen of inestimable value. Mr. Bridgeman had for si.xty-seven 
years, as man and boy, been identified with the dcvelojnncnt of the 
county, and the worthy influence that emanated from his life and 
works W'ill long be felt in Kentland, and in Newton County. 

Mr. Bridgeman was born here on March 18, 1847, and was the 
son of Levi and Mary (lirown) Bridgeman, old settlers in the 
county, and both of them of German descent. They were the parents 
of seven children, three girls and four boys. Three of the seven 
are living at this writing. 

George M. Bridgeman was very young at the time of the break- 
ing out of the Civil war, but he was not to be deterred from enlist- 
ing in the cause of the North. To give some idea of the suiTcring 
he endured as a soldier we Ciuole from a former history of Newton 
County, that of 1883. "E,ight days before he was seventeen years 
of age, in ]\Iareh, 186.^, he enlisted in Company I, One Hundred 
and Twenty-eight Regiment, Indiana Volunteer Infantry, under 

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Colonel DcHart. Me was in llic battles of CluL-kamauga, Franklin, 
Nashville, Columbus and the Atlanta Campaign. On March 9, 1865, 
at the battle of Kingston, North Carolina, he received a gun-shot 
wound in the right elbow joint, and also one less severe in the left 
elbow. He then walked liark a mile to the field hospital for treat- 
ment, carrying his right arm, which was still attached, with his left 
hand. He arrived there one hour after he had received the shots. 
lie found the surgeons at work in their quarters, and a wagon-load 
of arms and legs that had been amputated were on the outside. As 
there were poor accommodations, Mr. Bridgeman sat down b}' an 
oak tree, and there awaited his time until eleven o'clock that night, 
when his arm was amputated. From loss of blood, exhaustion and 
the cfifects of the anaesthetics, he did not return to consciousness for 
twelve hours. After remaim'ng there five days he was hauled by 
ambulance five miles over corduroy roads to the railroad. On this 
trip he was com]ielled to rest his body on his left elbow to prevent 
jarring the stump of the right arm. The rough roads and the posi- 
tion caused him to be in a perspjration on his arrival. lie then took 
passage in a lio.x car thirty-five miles over a terribly rough road to 
New Berne, North Carolina, where lie was well cared for. 'Tiiat 
hos])ital to me,' said Mr. Bridgeman 'seemed as much like home as 
anything I can e\-er expect. It was lighted at night, and c\erybody 
seemed anxious and willing to do for my comfort, in favorable con- 
trast to what I had experienced.' After six weeks he was taken to 
McDougal Hospital, New York, where he remained until dis- 
charged. He arrived home in time to celebrate 'The Glorious 
Fourth.' On the 9th of March following it became necessary to 
reamputate the stump. This wound gives Mr. Bridgeman much 
trouble and discomfort. .Some night the pain compels him to con- 
stantly shift positions. Before losing his arm he weighed 167 
pounds, and he now weighs 135 pounds." The article further states 
that "Mr. Bridgeman attended college at Westfield, Illinois, one 
year, taught school one term, farmed, carried the mail, herded cat- 
tle, etc., until 1878, when he was elected recorder of Newton County, 
which office expired in April, 18S4." 

Mr. Bridgemrm was a republican, and was elected to various 
public offices in the county in the ensuing years. 

On March 9, 1873, Mr. Bridgeman was married to Miss Adda 
Bennett, the daughter of Harden and Debyan (Houghton) Ben- 
nett. They were southern people, the father of Kentucky ancestry 
and the mother a member of a well known family of \''irginians. 
They were married in Clark County, Illinois, and there li\-ed the 
remainder of their li\es. ,The)' were the parents of a large family 
of twelve children, all of them reaching years of maturity. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Bridgeman one son was born, — Clarence O., 
born November 10, 1873. He married Margaret Smith, and they 
are living on a Jefferson Town.=hip farm. They have no children. 

Air. Bridgeman acquired a farming property of 160 acres in Jef- 

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fersoii Township, and as a farmer and slock breeder he was very 
successful. He died on Januarj^ 29, 19M, and is buried in a local 
cemetery. He was a member of the Woodmen of the \\'orld and 
of the Grand .Army of the ]\c])ublic, while his church membership 
was with the Methodist Episcopal denomination. The church and 
all worthy enterprises, either within or without the jurisdiction of 
tlie church, received his hearty support, and he was a potent influ- 
ence for good in his town to the end of his days. 

William Cu.m.mings. Among the prominent men of Newton 
County, now deceased, whose memory is preserved by his fellow 
citizens in life, with great esteem, was William Cummings, at the 
time of death being the dean of the Newton County bar. 

William Cummings was born in Pennsylvania, May 16, 18.44, 
and was a son of William and Jane Cummings, who, in his child- 
hood moved to Illinois and settled at Ottawa. There William Cum- 
mings attended the public schools and grew into educated young 
manhood. When the Civil war came on he became enthused with 
the war spirit and subsequently enlisted in Company F, Eighty- 
eighth Illinois Volunteer Infantry, in which he faithfully served until 
overtalien by illness. This developed a serious aspect and he was 
obliged to return home but later was honoralily discharged as the 
records prove. 

In 1874 -Mr. Cummings came to Newton County and located 
on a farm northeast of Kentland, in 1876 removing into Kentland 
in order to better facilitate his study of the law, although not giving 
up the oi>erating of his farm. He continued his studies at Kent- 
land and also attended the Bryant Law School, Chicago, and in 1877 
was admitted to the bar. He did not immediately, however, enter 
into practice, being appointed at that time deputy county recorder, 
and he served in that office for four years. Following his return 
from the army he had previously served one term as clerk of the 
courts of Grundy County. 

On September 6, 1871, William Cummings was married to Miss 
Emeline Thompson, and they had two children : Roland Ray and 
Stella, now Mrs. Inman. ]\Ir. Cummings was an able lawyer and 
an honorable one and during his long period of practice was profes- 
sionally identified with much important litigation in Newton County. 
His opinion was sought and his advice taken about many of the 
reforms and improvements that add to the peace, plenty and legal 
rights of those now living in this favored section of Indiana. He 
passed out of life honored and respected, on November 23, 1907, 
his family surviving him. 

RoL.\Nn R.w CuM.MiN'GS. Among the younger members of the 
Newton County bar, no one is better or more favorably known, 
both personally and professionally, llian Roland Ray Cummings, a 
native of Newton County and a lifelong resident. He was born 

Vol. 11—9 


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July 21, i8So, at Kenllaiul, the- only son of William and Eniclinc 
(Thompson) Ciimmings. lie was educated in the Kentland schools 
and when ready to hegin the study of law, chose his father as his 
preceptor, with whom he continued and was admitted to the har 
in ICJ02. During the few remaining years of his father's life he was 
associated with him hut in 1907 began practice for himself. 

On September 8, 189S, Roland R. Cummings was united in mar- 
riage with Miss llertha Jone.^, who died December 6, igoi, a daugh- 
ter of Schuyler C. and Nancy Jones. I\Irs. Cummings was survived 
by two childien; ^Vilfred S. and Stella, both now attending school. 
On July Ji, 1911, ]\Ir. Cummings was married to Miss Nina Hoover, 
who is a daughter of George Hoo\-er, of St. Joseph, Missouri. 

In politics ]\Jr. Cummings is a sound republican and at present 
is chairman of the republican count} committee of Newton C'ounty. 
His fraternal connections are with the }\Iasonic Blue Lodge and 
chapter at Kentland, and willi the Knights of Pythias. Mrs. Cum- 
mings is a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church and is greatly 
interested in cliureh work and in its affiliated benevolent enter- 

Terkexce B. Cuxnixcuam. a prominent member of the bar 
at Kentland, who has built up a practice from a foundation laid 
in sound professional knowledge, and M'hose clients are people 
who are seeking honorable ad\isors and reputable lawyers, is Ter- 
rence B. Cunningham, who ^\ as bom in Indiana, in his father's home 
at Kentland, Eebruary 13, 1871, a son of Terrcnce and Oregon 
(Bramble) Cuimingham. 

The father of ]\Ir. Cunningham, whose honored name tlie son 
bears, was born in County Ti])])erary, Ireland, and was about twelve 
years old wlien he was brought to America by his parents. Shortly 
after reaching the United States, the family located at Lafayette, 
Indiana, and there Terrence Cunningham grew to manhood. Shortly 
after the railroad had been built to Kentland, he came to the place, 
which then was but a hamlet, and embarked in the grocery business, 
rightly predicting that the time would come when Kentland would 
be a place of importance. His first business house was a little 
frame "shack" standing on what is now the thoroughfare called 
Railroad Street. Later, in partnership with Patrick Kecfe, he 
continued merchandising, and still later went into the grain and ele- 
vator business and in this coimection became widely known and 
acquired an ample fortune, jjassing the closing days of his life in 
comfortable retirement. After coming to Kentland he was married 
to Miss Oregon Bramble and a family of eight children was Ijorn 
to them, all but one of them surviving. In politics he was a demo- 
crat and in religion a Roman Catholic. He died December 21, 1902. 

Terrence B. Cunningham completed his public school education 
when he was graduated from the Kcn.tland High School in 1891. 
Having decided ujjon the law as a career, he matriculated at the 

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l:nv department of the University of Micliigan, at Aim Aibor, and 
from that noted institution was most creditably graduated in 1893. 
Jn December of the same year he went to Oklahoma, and for fuc 
months resided at Guthrie and later, for 23^ years practiced law at 
Oklahoma City. Home ties are not easily broken and the time came 
when the young lawyer, although doing well in the West, felt the 
call of his native place and returned tu Xcwton County and has been • 
a resident of Kentland ever since. Jn spite of the many difliculties 
that every sincere practitioner of the law has to contend with, jMr. 
Cuiuiingtiam has rapidly advanced in his profession and finds him- 
self very often chosen as the counsellor of men and firms of great 
importance, his professional insight, enabling him, on many occasions 
to sohe cases of perplexing character where large interests are in- 

On Xovcmber S, KjOJ, I\Ir. Cunningham was united in marriage 
with Aliss Elizabeth A. IJoyle, who is a daughter of the late Albert 
J\J. Boyle, formerly a resident of Kentland and at one time county 
recorder of Newton County. Mrs. Cunningham, as well as her hus- 
band, is a practicing lawyer, and is a lady of unusual talent. T'or 
a number of years prior to her marriage, she was employed in con- 
fidential positions in the courthouse. Mr. and J\Irs. Cunningham 
have an adopted daughter, Helen M. Boyle, who is a niece of I\Irs. 
Cunningham and a beautiful and attractive child. 

■In political affiliation Mr. Cunningham is a democrat and at pres- 
ent is serving as attorney for Newton County. Fraternally he is 
identified M'ith the Knights of Pythias, the Modem Woodmen, and 
the ]\Iasons of Kentland, Indiana, in the last order having attained 
the Council degrees at Monticello, Indiana. 

William E. McMillen. Beautiful and attractive hotels for 
the accommodation of the traveler are among the most important 
institutions of all countries and cities. One of the most attractive 
hostelries found in Northwest Indiana is presided over by the genial 
and cordial host and hostess — Mr. and Mrs. William McMillen. The 
beautiful building, clean, modern, and adorned with growing plants 
and flowers, is a solace and comfort to the w-eary traveler. Mr. Mc- 
Millen has known the pretty Town of Brook and its surrounding 
agricultural regions for some thirty-three years and he and his esti- 
mable wife need no introduction to the citizens of Newton County. 

He is a native of Clarke County, Indiana, born June 7, 1865. 
He is the third of a family of four children, three sons and one 
datighter, born to Thomas J. and Sarah (Adams) McMillen. Only 
two are living — Ida, wife of William Martin, a resident of Peoria, 
Illinois, where he is a merchant, and they have two children ; and 
Mr. McMillen. 

Father McMillen was a native of Virginia, not far from Rich- 
mond. He was a young man grown when he left Virginia. He was 
a soldier in the Civil war and enlisted in Company D, Twenty-second 

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Indiana \'oInntceis at Indianapolis, and was in the Army of the 
Ciinibciland. He was in several battles, including Shiloh and ]\Iis- 
sionary Ividge, and was wounded in the hand and hip. He was 
about three years in the ser\-ice and had received an honorable dis- 
charge. He has always attended each Soldiers' Encanipnicnt. He 
was educated in the common schools and was an agriculturist. He 
was a republican. He died at Isabel, Illinois, being seventy-three 
years of age at his death. He traced his hneage to the "land of the 
thistle" bonnic Scotland. His father, Thomas McMillen came from 

Mother McIMillen was a native of Clarke County, and she died 
v,-hcn J\Ir. McjMillen was but two years of age. He could not remem- 
ber his own mother. The father wedded as his second wife, Miss 
Sarah Burton and there were six children, two sons and four daugh- 
ters, born to this marriage, all still living: Lola, widow of James 
Strieker and residing at Isabel, Illinois; Samuel, married, and a resi- 
dent of Tcrre Haute, Indiana, where he is a car inspector of the 
Vandalia Railway; Warren, married, and a resident of Terre Haute, 
one of the city police; Nora, wife of Aubray Hutchings, an agricul- 
turist ; IMaggie, wife of Clyde Martin, a resident of Detroit, Michi- 
gan, and in an auto factory; Florence, wife of Harry Early, resident 
of Riley, Indiana and a grain dealer. 

j\Ir. McMillen resided in his native County of Clarke, until eigh- 
teen, was educated in the common schools, and is a self-educated 
man. At this age he left home to begin life as a wage earner on 
the farm. He left home in October, 18S2, and worked for wages 
until ihe spring of 1883 and then came to Brook, Indiana. On 
a farm he began as a wage earner, and began with George O. Conn, 
and remained with him fluring the summer and then he worked 
around by the day here and there. So it is seen that he had no 
cai)ital, but his industrious disposition and honesty to make his 
own way. The longest time he worked was with B. F. Warr, with 
whom he remained about four years by the month and at the end 
of that time he engaged with Mr. ^^'arr to work the farm on shares, 
which he did for three years. 

At this time Mr. :\IcMillcn wedded Miss Edna J. Warr, March 
II, 1891, and the young couple located at Brook. Being anxious to 
make a start in life for theiuselves, they took charge of a little resta- 
rant, with a capital of onl}- $500.00. His wife has nobly stood by 
his side, in labor, counsel and advice, all these years to the present 

I\'Irs. McMillen is a nalixe of Buckinghamshire, England, born in 
January 28, 1867, and a daughter of Benjamin E. and Mary Ann 
(Hedges) Warr. 

There were eleven children, fn'c sons and six daughters, in tlie 
family. Seven are living and the eUlcst is William J., a resident of 
Sweet, Idaho, a merchant and married; Harry, a resident of Brook, 
Indiana, who married IMaud Marrifield; Mrs. McMillen is next; 

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Dollie is the wife of Samuel Souders of LaF.iyette, Indiana, presi- 
dent of the Farmers and Traders Bank; Sue is the wife of Charles 
Adanison, a resident of Brook, Indiana, and relief agent on the 
j\Ionon Railway; Maude is tlie wife of Reinhart Bossung-, a mer- 
chant of Brook, Indiana ; Claud, a resident of Brook, is a plumber 
by trade, and married. 

Father W'arr was a native of r>uckinghamshire, England, was 
liorn, ^fay 18, 1836. lie grew to manhood in his shire, and was 
fducnled in the schools of England and he was an agriculturist. 
He wedded there and four of the children were born there. He 
concluded to come to the United States and seek a home and in 
A])ril, 1869, set sail from Liverjjool and landed in New York and 
came to Joliet, Illinois, and resided on a farm, and about 1S71 he 
returned home to England. After a short time there he came back 
to America by himself, and in July, 1872, his wife and the children 
.set sail from Liverpool and landed in Castle Garden, New York, 
and Mrs. McMillcn, although only live years of age, remembers well 
"old Castle Garden." 

The trip was about eleven days, crossing the Atlantic Ocean. 
The family came through to Joliet, Illinois, and they located there 
until October, 1875, and then came to Brook, Indiana, and this 
has been their home ever since. The W'arr family came from 
Joliet to Brook in one of the covered wagons such as were used in 
crossing the plains in tlie days of '49. Brook was just a village, 
the uiail being carried across tlie country from Kentland. Father 
Warr has always been an agriculturist but is now retired, aged 
eighty years. He is a republican and Methodist. Mother Warr was 
born April 26, 1838, in the same shire as her husband and was edu- 
cated in the English schools. She is a member of the IMethodist 
Church and has always been an ardent sU]iporter of the Methodist 
Episcopal doctrines. .She is a lovable and charitable lady and at 
the venerable age of seventy-eight she is yet like a lady of half the 

Mrs. Mc]\fillcn was educated in the schools of Brook and her 
whole life has been of a stirring and busy character. She is a lady 
whose chief characteristics are eiiergy, method and promptness in 
the discharge of her duties. She not only superintends her beau- 
tiful hotel but aids her husband in the postoffice since he became 
postmaster at Brook. She is a member of the Carnation Club, a 
social organization of the leading ladies of the town. She is a mem-, 
ber of the Eastern Star, and is the marshal of the order and she 
has passed almost- all the chairs of the order. She is a member of 
the Methodist Church. 

Mr. McI\Iil!en politically is a Jefferson ian democrat and cast 
his first presidential vote for Cleveland and he has always stood by 
the principals of the democratic parly. ]Mr. McMillen was ap- 
pointed postmaster of Brook under the administration of President 
^^'ilson. !Miss Rose Mayhew is the assistant postmaster and Mrs. 

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McAIillcn is liis deputy. There are three rural deHverics from 
Brook, each route covering twenty-five miles. He is a member of 
ihc Masonic Lodge at Brook. Both he and his wife are members 
of the Methodist Episcopal Cliurch at Brook, and Ihcy aided in 
the erection of the present modern cliurch and they also aided in the 
erection of the church before the jn-cscnt one, and they ha\e done 
their ])art in all benevolences worthy of their consideration. 

. It was in the year 1909 that they erected their present modern 
brick and stone hotel, which is complete in detail. Besides their 
hotel property they have 320 acres of fine land lying near Grand 
J-'orks, North Dakota. So it is seen what Mr. and Mrs. McMillcn 
have accompli.shed from the little restaurant they began with in 
Brook when their cash capital did not exceed $500.00. This shows 
business acumen and tact worthy of emulation. They are now in 
the prime of man and womanhood. Mr. and INfrs. Mc^NIillen are 
people who have spent their money liberally in travel. They ha\ e ■ 
seen Niagara Falls, have gone through Canada, and again made 
an Eastern trip'to Washington, District of Columbia, Mt. Vernon, 
"Washington's Tomb" and the Gettysburg Battlefield. Then they 
made a Western trip in 1904 to Denver, Colorado Springs, and 
Pueblo, and then to the mountains of Idaho, visited Salt Lake City 
and Portland, Oregon, and took the steamer from there to San Fran- 
cisco, thence to Los Angeles, El Paso, Texas, and crossed the line 
into "old Mexico" and they saw the Mexican sport — a bull fight — • 
then through Kansas City to St. Louis and attended the Worlds 
Fair at St. Louis. Mr. McMillen has in his possession his father's 
regimental badge, indicating the company, regiment and infantry 
that he was a member of and it is a relic he prizes highly. ^Ir. and 
Mrs. ]\IcMillen have no children of their own but in the goodness 
of their hearts they have reared two children. The first was a niece 
of Mr. McMillen — Catherine Martin, taken when she was about 
twelve years old, and they educated her in the Brook High School 
and then they sent her to Indianapolis and gave her a business edu- 
cation. She wedded Ernest Gilbert, a resident of Chicago and en- 
gaged as inspector of munitions of war. They have two children, 
William Lewis and Edna. The next child was a ncjihew of Mrs. Mc- 
Millen, Roscoe C. Merchant, aged ten, and they educated him in 
the Brook High School, and he graduated from Purdue University 
in the class of 1913- lie wedded Miss Lora ^\'itz]ca of LaFayette. 
He graduated from the Electrical Engineering Department of Pur- 
due and now he is engaged in the lalioratory of an automobile fac- 
tory in Detroit, Michigan. 

William Henry Burtox. A h;df century ago, some of the 
richest lands in Xorthern Newton County, Indiana, could be bought 
for a trifling sum, and those who invested largely in these swamp 
lands at that time, became what was called "land poor." Modern 
systems of drainage have changed their character and fortunate 

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indeed are lliose who, as a heritage, have come into possession of 
such land, incomparable for fanning and stock-raising. WiUiam 
Henry Burton, one of Lake Townsliip's substantial men, owns a 
good farm of tliis fine land and has resided here ever since return- 
ing from an honorable term of service as a soldier in the Civil war. 
I^lr. Burton is serving in his second term as recorder of Newton 

William Henry Burton was liom in Estell County, Kentucky, 
.March 7, 1841, and is a son of William and Eliza (Walters) Burton, 
who reared eight of their children to maturity, four of whom yet 
survive. William Burton came from Kentucky to Kankakee 
County, Illinois, in 1855, accompanied by his family, and later they 
moved to Paris, Illinois, where both he and his wife died. He was a 
fariucr all his life, beginning poor but, through industry, becoming 
wealthy. He invested largely in land in the northern part of Newton 
County, Indiana, from which, during his lifetime he received no 

William Henry Burton easily recalls the journey from the 
old home in Kentucky to Illinois, and as he was then fourteen years 
old, was able to give his father much assistance. He had some 
educational ad\antages, first attending school held in a primitive log 
structure, and later a more advanced school at Kankakee, where 
he was a pupil for several terms. He was preparing for an agri- 
cultural life at the time that Ci'vil war began to threaten, and when 
it became a certainty he soon made up his mind to participate in 
the struggle. On .September 29, 1861, he enlisted as a private in 
Company K, Fourth Illinois Cavalry, and after three months spent 
in the instruction camp at Cairo, Illinois, his regiment joined General 
Grant's army before Fort Henry. After its reduction the Fourth 
took an active part in the capture of Fort Donelson, and, continuing 
with Grant's army to Pittsburg Landing, was engaged in the two 
days of battle at Shiloh. ]\Ir. Burton during these stirring events 
was ever at the post of duty and his valor was noticed and during 
the second day's struggle at Shiloh, he was an orderly on the staff 
of General Thomas, and was with this command until after the 
reduction of Corinth. 

During the nine months that followed, Mr. Burton was detailed 
for guard duty, assisting in ]3rotecting the railroads from the attacks 
of the Confederates on the line between Corinth and Memphis, and 
during the last three months of this time served as orderly on the 
staff ,of General Denver. After this Mr. Burton's regiment was 
encamped on Black River, at the rear of Vicksburg, and in one of 
the innumerable skirmishes in which he was a participant, Mr. 
Burton received a severe gunshot wound, through the back of his 
neck, which knocked him from his horse and otherwise disabled him. 
Although his was a hospital case he objected to such service and 
secured permission to remain at headquarters while convalescing, 
and just as soon as he was able he reported for duty. During the 

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next nine months he was engaged in the dangerous occupation of 
scout, with headquarters at Natchez, and it was wln'Ie there that his 
term of cnhstment expired. He returned to S]>ringfield, Ilhnois, 
wliere he was honorably discliarged Octoljer 3, 1S6.!, with the ranlc 
of sergeant. 

Immechately afterward 'Mr. Burton came to Newton County 
and for the first tlirce years herded cattle on the wide range of 
swamp land his father had bought years ])revious]y, after which, 
as conditions improved, primarily through his own efforts, he em- 
barked in farming and stockraising and has continued here ever 
since and has been actively identified with the material development 
of Lake Township. 

On j\Iarch 13, 1S71, Air. Burton was united in marriage with 
Miss Mary J. Watson, who died after becoming the mother of six 
children, two of whom, Niel W. and Emery M. are yet living. Mr. 
Burton was married a second time, on l-'ebruary 24, 1889, to Miss 
Sophia Stankie, and ihey have four children: Beulah L., Ora G., 
Calvin R. and Cecil L. 

In politics Mr. Burton has always been affiliated with the repub- 
lican party and his personal standing has been so high that on 
numerous occasions he has been elected to important public offices. 
For some years he sensed as township super\-isor and also as town- 
ship trustee, and at all times his sound judgment and advice founded 
on experience, have been Useful to his community. In 1910 Mr. 
Burton was elected recorder of Newton County, and in 1914 was 
re-elected, at which time he was the only rejiublican official of 
Newton County, Indiana. j\Ir. Burton is a member of the Grand 
Army of the Republic at Iventland, Indiana. 

Hon. Richard C., M. D. For forty years the name of 
Dr. Richard C. McCain, of Kentland, Indiana, has been as a house- 
hold word in Newton County. With pride and interest he has 
watched its wonderful development and, as physician, business man 
and legislator, has been closely identified with its history. He has 
been an important figure in the transition period that brought about 
Newton County as it is today. 

Richard C. AlcCain was born July 10, 1852, at Trenton, Missouri, 
and is a son of Rev. Cornelius and Eliza Anne (Curry) McCain. 
Rev. Cornelius McCain was born in Warren County, C)hio, of Scotch 
ancestry, and in Scotland the name was spelled McKeon. He was a 
man of superior education, was physically and mentally strong and 
hie life work was well done. As a minister in the Presbyterian 
Church he traveled about considerably, mainly on the frontier of 
Missouri and Kansas, l)ut later in life he retired and died at Kent- 
land, Indiana, where, at one time he was in charge of a church. He 
married Eliza Anne Curry, who was born at Crawfordsville, Indiana, 
and six children were born to them, two of these yet surx'iving, 
Richard C. and his sister. 

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^''el■y often the faniil}' of a minister has no settkd home for a 
time and thus it was that youngf Richard C. acquired a knowledge 
of numerous localities while obtaining his early education. During 
the early jjart tif tlie Civil war he was with his parents in Missouri, 
and witnessed some of the border warfare of that period. Hi.s 
father was a graduate of Hanover College, in Southern Indiana, 
hence he became a student tliere and after completing the course 
began llie study of medicine imder Dr. A. II. Shaffer, who still 
j-csides at Ilunlingtcn, Indiana, i)eing now in his eiglity-fifth year. 

From Doctor Shaffer's preceptorship. Doctor AlcCain entered 
the medical department of the University of Michigan, attending 
lectures for two terms, and siiljsequently one tenn in the old Louis- 
ville Medical College, Kentuck}-, from whicli he was graduated in 
March, 1875. For three months he followed his profession at Darl- 
ington, Indiana, but in the fall of 1875 came to Kentland, then a 
small place, aiid here Doctor IMcCain has maintained his home ever 
since, becoming one of the foremost physicians and leading citizens 
of Newton County. Many well known residents of the present day 
were assisted into the world through his ministrations and after- 
ward, through his medical care have kept in the path of healtli. 

Everything pertaining to the early days in a section in which 
one prefers to live permanently, must possess interest and to secure 
reliable knowledge, outside of statistics, one may profitably listen as 
the old family doctor for a wide section of country, visualizes the 
past. In a settling community the physician is cognizant of every 
public movement, very often being the prime originator of the 
same. Flis profession leads him behind the closed doors of family 
life, and not seldom is he the father confessor and adviser as well as 
the potent healer. Doctor McCain can very vividly recall his long 
drives over almost impassable roads, in rain, sleet and snow, in 
both darkness and daylight, making as swift progress as possible 
although hampered by conditions little understood by those who 
have present day privileges in every part of Newton County. On 
one particular day, January 23, 1882, he awakened to find the whole 
country side covered with ice and so slippery that horseback riding 
even was not to be thought of. Perhaps every physician facing 
such a test, would not have been as conscientious as Doctor McCain, 
who, notwithstanding the great physical effort required, covered a 
radius of twenty-five miles and visited and comforted every one of 
his patients. 

Upon the evening of the above strenuous day, Doctor AlcCain 
was united in marriage with iMiss Gertrude E. Test, a daughter of 
Thaddeus and Sallie (Myers) Test, and a granddaughter of Judge 
Charles Test, well known pioneer people of White County, Indiana. 
The father of Mrs. McCain died when she was three years old. To 
Doctor and Mrs. McCain twelve children were born. 

Since 1S83 Doctor McCain has been interested also in the drug 
business at Kentland, Indiana. For many years he has been an 

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ll ,7',.I,H J ,)l>l // to -ll. 


important factor in llie republican party in the state, and in 1905 he 
was elected to the state senate, representing- for four years the 
counties of Newton, Jasper and White, and demonstrated on many 
occasions while in the general assembly, the wisdom of submitting 
tlie solving of important problems that would result in the formulat- 
ing of new laws, to men of scientific training and experience. 

Ever since becoming a resident of Kentland Doctor McCain 
has assumed his share of public responsibility when called on, has 
served as health officer and was a member of tlic school board. He 
is identified with the Masons and the Knights of Pythias in Kent- 
land. With his family he belongs to the Presbyterian Church. 

Elmer McCkav. A leading member of a family that has been 
closely and honorably identified with Newton County for many 
years, the late Elmer AlcCray was respected by his business asso- 
ciates and sincerely esteemed by all those who had been admitted to 
his friendship and into his private life. His death, on April 11, 
1874, markd the passing of one of Newton County's pioneers, a man 
of acknowledged sterling character, one whose ambitions had [I'jcn 
noble and whose lieli)ful inliuence had always been exerted in the 
direction of worthy enterprises. 

Elmer McCray was born in Fayette County, Indiana, Octolier t2, 
1834. His parents were William and Lucinda (Edwards) iMcCray, 
the former a native of Ohio and the latter of Pennsylvania. The 
ancestral lines may lie traced to Scotland, Ireland and England, but 
the first of the name in the United .States, seems to have been the 
progenitor of a family in Connecticut and from there its members 
have drifted to other sections. In Indiana at the present day the 
family name is one that is conspicuous both in business and politics. 

Elmer McCray was fifteen years old when his parents moved 
to Crawfordsville, where he attended the public schools. Later he 
became a student in Bacon's Commercial College at Cincinnati, Ohio, 
where he was graduated in 1856, thus being much better prepared 
to enter the business world than many of the youths of his age and 
acquaintance. Probably his first important business venture, wa" 
the purchase of a timber tract. The hard work incident to clear 
ing and improving this tract did much to impair his health. 

In October, 1861, Mr. McCray came to Newton County with 
his brother, the late Greenbury W. McCray, and they bought a tract 
of land and went into the business of famiing and cattle-raising. 
Mr. McCray remained on the farm until the fall of 1868, when he 
came .to Kentland to his home although he continued 
to be interested in his farm activities. At that time Kentland had 
few transportation facilities and ]\Ir. McCray, with business acumen, 
recognized a jiromising field for an extensive livery business and 
soon built a livery barn, tlie first ever erected in Kentland. The 
business proved profitable and he continued to conduct it and also, 

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at the time of his dcatli, was interested in a fanii implement eon- 

On October X, iNG/, Einier AlcCray was united in marriage with 
Miss Eliza .Kern, who was bom in Pennsylvania April 20, 1S.13, 
and was reared in her nati\e state. She is a daughter of John S. 
and Catherine (Tittle) Kern, with whom she came to Alichigan and 
thence to Indiana. Her father died at Renssalaer and her mother 
at Logansport, both being interred at the latter place. She is a 
member of the I'resbytcrian Church. Three children were born 
to Mr. and Mrs. McCray, but all are deceased, William K. was 
educated in the Kentland High School, and was scarcely twenty 
years of age when he went into the stationery business in Kent- 
land. Although successful in the venture, he sold his interest and 
organized thei Kentland Telephone Company at Kentland, and 
had lines running to Goodland, Brook, Sheldon, Iroquois, Earl Park, 
Raub and ^vlorocco. He was signally successful in this business, but 
on account of failing health sold his interests for $14,000, and spent 
three winters in Florida to recuperate. He was afterward engaged 
in the cement business in Kentland for four years. He married 
Miss Virginia Smith, of Kokomo, Indiana, and their four children 
are all living: Elmore, who is a member of the class of 1917 of the 
Kentland High School; Margaret, who is completing the eighth 
grade Avork; Elizabeth, who was born in Florida and is in school; 
and A-'irginia, the youngest. ]\Ir. \\'illiam I\IcCray affiliateil w illi the 
republican party, was a member of the Knights of Pythias fraternity 
at Kentland, and both he and his wife were members of the Pres- 
byterian Church. He lies buried in the Kentland Cemetery, where 
a beautiful stone stands sacred to his memory. John Adc, the sec- 
ond son of Mr. and j\Irs. Elmer McCray, received the same educa- 
tional advantages as his brother ^\''illiam, and became a salesman. 
He too was a republican. He was a member of the Masonic and 
Knights of Pythias fraternities, and was buried with Masonic rites. 
Lillie, the only daughter, died in infancy. 

Mr. McCray was a staunch republican in politics but never 
was willing to accept public office, preferring to confine his attention 
to his private interests. In his own home he found the atmosphere 
he loved best and thus never cared to identify himself with any 
secret organization. He was a firm believer in the doctrines of the 
Presbyterian Church, gave liberally to this body at Kentland, and 
his burial was in the church cemetery. I\Ir. McCray left a large 
estate, including city properties and 320 acres of fine farm land. 

Following out her husband's general scheme of life Mrs. 
McCray, some time ago, gave to Kentland the lot upon which the 
public library now stands. 

Emil r.ESSEK, M. D. In the medical profession tlie achieving 
of success worthy of the name can come only to the man who has 
not only prepared himself most fully in a technical way but who 

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also turns his atteiuion to this exactiiif^f and responsible vocation 
with a high sense of i)ersoiial stewardship, with an earnest desire 
to be of service to his fellow men and with an animating- syinpathy 
that transcends mere emotion to become a positive force of helji- 
fulness. Doctor Besser has won such success and in the course of 
his long and effective service as a physician and surgeon he lias 
held closely to the highest ethics of his profession and been appre- 
ciative of its most noble and worthy traditions, the while he has 
spared neither time nor effort in keeping himself at all times abreast 
of the ad\anccs made in medical and surgical science. He is en- 
gaged in the general practice of his profession at Remington, Jas- 
]icr County, and is looked upon as guide, counselor and friend in 
many representative family homes within his sphere of zealous and 
self-abnegating labor. Thus there is all of consistency in designat- 
ing him as one of the leading members of his profession in this sec- 
tion of the Iloosier Stale, where he is held in unqualified popular 
confidence and esteem and the unswerving loyalty of his 
friends is on a parity with that, which he himself accords. The doc- 
tor is a liberal and public-spirited citizen and his success in temporal 
affairs has been such that he has been able to wield much influence 
in business comiections aside from the work of his profession, the 
while he has shown loyal interest in all things touching tlie com- 
munal welfare. ■ 

Doctor Besser claims the ]-Iawkeye State as the place of his 
naljvity and is a scion of one of its sterling pioneer families. He 
was born at Harper, Iveokuk County, Iowa, on the nth of April, 
1869, and is the only son and eldest child in a family of four chil- 
dren; the second in order of birth was i\Iatilda, who is the wife of 
Harry D. Funk, a prosperous manufacturer at Chicago Heights, a 
virtual suburb of the great western metropolis, the City of Chicago; 
Henrietta is the wife of Joseph Clarahan, a successful agriculturist 
of Keokuk County, Iowa, where they maintain their home in the 
Village of Harper; and Way remains at the parental home, in the 
same village. Doctor Besser is a son of John P. and Emclia (Krach) 
Besser, the former of whom was born in Parel, Prussia, and the 
latter in the Province of [Mecklenburg of the great German Empire. 
John P. Besser was a child at the time of his parents' immigration 
to America, and the family home was established in Iowa in the 
early pioneer period of the history of that commonwealth. There 
he received good educational advantages, for Iowa has from an early 
day to the present maintained specially high status in the domain of 
education, and he has long held prestige as one of the able and in- 
fluential exponents of agricultural indu.stry in the state to whose 
material and civic development and progress he has contributed his 
quota. He is now the owner of a fine landed estate of 320 acres and 
is one of the substantial and highly honored citizens of Keokuk 
County. He is a stalwart and effective advcjcate of the principles 
of the democratic party and has been influential in public affairs 

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of a local order, as indicated by the fact that he formerly held the 
office of sheriff of Iveokuk County, an incumbency which he re- 
tained eight )ear.s. lie is affiliated with the Masonic fraternity 
and both he and his wife hold membership in the I^utheran Church, 
Mrs. Bcsser having- been an infant at the time of her parents" immi- 
gration from Germany to the United States. 

IJke many another who has achieved precedence in the medical 
profession, Doctor Besser found his childhood and youth com- 
]>assed by the benignant influences of the farm, and he early began 
to accord ei'lectivc assistance in the work aiul ina-iiagoiiicut of the 
old homestead place, the while he fully availed himself of the ad- 
vantages afforded in the local schools. Ilis ambition first led him 
to ]-)rc}5are for the veterinary profession, and in 18S7 he was grad- 
uated in the Iowa State Veterinary College, with the degree of 
Doctor of Veterinary Surgery. For eight years thereafter he was 
engaged in active and successful practice as a skilled veterinarian, 
with residence and professional headquarters in his native Town of 
Harper. In the meanwhile the doctor had manifested his versatility 
of talent by identifying himself successfully with business enter- 
prise, as he was for three years actively identified with the cloth- 
ing business at Harper, and aft(-r his retirement from this line of 
mercantile enterprise he was for two years erjgaged in the dry-goods 
business in the same village. The very nature of the scientific and 
practical work which fell to his portion as a representative of the 
veterinary profession had a tendency to quicken his appreciation 
of the greater opportunities offered in the more exacting and re- 
sponsible profession of medicine and surgery, and he finally ileter- 
mined to prepare hiiusclf for the liiglier jMTifession in which he 
has since attained .to marked success and prestige. In 1896 he en- 
tered the medical department of the University of lov.a, at Iowa 
City, where he continued his studies two years. He was then 
matriculated in the Chicago Medical College, in which representa- 
tive institution of the western metropolis he was graduated as a 
member of the class of 1899 and with the well earned degree of 
Doctor of Medicine. At this juncture it may consistently be noted 
that each successive year the doctor avails himself of efl'ectixe post- 
graduate study and work in Chicago, with a view to keeping himself 
in close touch with the advances made in his profession, besides 
which he has recourse to the best standard and periodical litera- 
ture of his profession, with a private technical library that is espe- 
cially select and comprehensive. 

On the 14th of February, 1S99, shortly after his graduation in 
the medical college. Doctor Besser made his appearance in Rem- 
ington, Indiana, a total stranger and with his available capitalistic 
resources represented in the sum of about $25. With characteristic 
zeal and self-reliance he initiated the practice of his profession, and 
his ability and sterling character soon enabled him to develop . a 
substantial practice, so that his novitiate was of brief duration. He 


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has developed a very extensive general practice and his tniijualified 
success offers the best voucher for his ability, close ap])lication and 
personal popularity. The prestige that is his is indicated by the 
fact that his practice is not confined to Jasper County but extends 
also into Benton, \Miite and Newton coimlies. His medical library 
comprises more than 200 \-olumes, and his office equipment includes 
the best of modern laboratory facilities, including the X-ray machine. 
He is an influential and valued memlier of the Jasper and X^ewton 
County Medical Society, of which he has served as president, and 
also maintains active aiViliation with the Indiana Stale Medical 
Society and the American Medical Association. 

The business acumen of Doctor Besser has not been denied fruit- 
ful exemplification during the period of his residence in Jasj^er 
County, and he has entered most fully into the varied phases of com- 
munity life, with an influence that has been in all respects benignant. 
He has made judicious investment in farm land in Jasper County 
and also in the State of South Dakota, and the aggregate area of 
his landed estate at the present time is 1,074 -icres, besides which he 
is the owner of valuable realty in his home village of Remington 
and at Rensselaer, the county seat. He is a stockholder in the 
State Bank of Remington and owns one-half of the stock of the 
Remington Telei)hone Company, of which he is president. This 
company has a list of 525 subscribers and gives to them the best of 
modern telephone service. In this field of enterprise llie doctor has 
extended his activities still further, for he is the owner of the Rey- 
nolds Telephone Company, of Reynolds, ^\'llite County, which 
effectively gives service to 200 subscribers. 

As a citizen Doctor Besser is most liberal and progressive ar.d 
though he has had no desire for public office he is found aligned as 
a staunch supporter of the cause of the republican party. He is 
affiliated with the ]\Iasonic fraternity, the Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows and the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, in 
which last mentioned organization he ie afliliated with the lodge 
in the City of Lafayette. 

Barnett H.vwkins. Among the early families that settled in 
Newton County, Indiana, that are still well and worthily repre- 
sented here, were those bearing the distinctive English names of 
Hawkins and [ones. The former, for generations, had lived in Xew 
York, and the latter in Ohio. Both came to Indiana as home- 
seekers, industrious, upright, Christian peojile, and were, witii 
others, founders and promoters of those civilizing agencies that are 
yet reminders of the older generation, churches, schools and tem- 
perance. The late Barnett Hawkins for many years was a man of 
high standing at Kentland, where his death occurred July 9, 1903. 

Barnett Hawkins was born at Poughkeepsie, Xew York, Decem- 
ber 9, 1S34. Ilis parents were Edgar and Lydia (Ward) Hawkins, 
the latter belonging to an old Quaker family that still, in many sec- 

, '1 ! /- J', t 

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tions, niaiiilaius the siiii])lii'ity of ll:e old faiUi. Of Ihc six cliildixn 
born to this marricigc, whicli took place in Xew York, two survive, 
George and Frank Hawkins. When the family began migrating, 
it settled llrst at Michigan C^ity, Indiana. From there removal was 
made to Laiiorte, and in 1850 Edgar Hawkins settled on farm 
land near Brook. He acquired three separate tracts of eighty acres 
each, a part of which was government land. He owned also a mill 
at Brook, and his death was caused through an accident happen- 
ing in this mill. ]''or a number of years he ser\ed in the oflice of 
justice of the peace. Both he and wife \a'ic ;iCii\t niriniin,- uf th.e 
Methodist Episcopal Church, she uniting with the same at the lime 
of her marriage. 

Earnett Hawkins had only those educational advantages that 
casual attendance in the old log schoolhouse near his father's farm 
cotild give, in his boyhood and early youth, but he made such good 
use of his opportunities that he was able to teach school and thereby 
provide means for attending college at Greencastle. He learned the 
carpenter trade and followed the same as a vocation during the 
greater part of his subseciuent life. He became well known over the 
county, coming to Kentland in 1865. He was a hard working, 
industrious and skilled in his trade. He was a conscientious 
citizen of Newton County but seldom was willing to acce]it public 
resiionsibililies, serving, however, se\eral terms as count)- surveyor. 

On April 25, 1857, Mr. Hawkins was united in marriage with 
Miss Anna \'. Jones, a daughter of Cornelia and iNIathilda 
(Minchell) Jones. The parents of ?^Irs. Hawkins came to Indiana 
from Ohio in i860 and settled near Brook where they remained 
during the rest of their lives. Of their eleven children seven are 
living. Air. Jones was a farmer and stockraiser. In early life a 
whig, he later became a republican. 

Six children were born to Air. and Mrs. Hav,-kins : Florence N., 
born January 25, 1S5S, died October 29, i8(3o; Homer E., born Sep- 
tember 10, 1S61 ; Frederick G., born January xo, 1866, died June 18, 
1870; Arthur E., born September 13. 1868; Edgar C, born July 25, 
1870; and Clyde B., born July 24, 1876. Mr. Hawkins lived to .see 
many changes in Newton County and his influence was ever bene- 
ficial . , ■. 

Andrew Hall. As a pioneer citizen of Newton County, the 
late Andrew Hall is deserving of special mention in this historical 
and biographical work, if for no other reason. He was born on a 
farm near Berlin, Ohio, on May 14, 1831, and was a son of Edward 
and Sarah (McClure) Hall, both coiuing from families of English 
ancestry. He was one of their eleven children, of whom three are 
yet living, and the parents spent their lives in the State of Ohio. 

Andrew Hall began his independent career at the early age of 
sixteen years. Up to that time he had received such educational 
advantages as the very primitive schools of the day afl'ordcd, and 

••ill /.J 


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I IV; 

a\ I 

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I • ,;',.liriii.l fduii ;.-i-:iiJ''-' n 

( ,1. -J. I) to alooiiv 'j.'ijp 


when he Jaunched out on his own responsibilily he was not pre- 
pared for anything but maiuial labor. However, he secured work 
in a printing- office and there learned tlie printer's trade, at which he 
worked for some years. In 1866 he came to Newton Count)- and 
settled on a farm near Goodland, spending four years there in that 
work, when he was elected lo the office of clerk of Newton County, 
as the candidate of the republican parly. He sen-ed one full term 
in the office and a part of another, when he resigned from the office 
and engaged once more in farnn'iig. lie prospered in his farming 
career, and the fine farm ol H,o acres he came to possess is still 
in the family ownershii). 

On May 23, 1865, ^^r. Hall married Emily Allen, the 
daughter of Jeremiah and Sarah (Wilson) Allen, people of Penn- 
sylvania birth, who later settled in Ohio and there spent the 
remainder of their lives. Four children were born to I\Ir. and Mrs. 
Hall. Margaret, the first born, is still at home. Winogene is the 
wife of Dr. F. W. Heatlie. Charles H. is also living at home, and 
Raymond L. is in Cliicago. 

Mr. Hall was a man of very quiet instincts. He loved his home 
and the home life, and fotmd no pleasure in the good-fellowship 
arising from membership in fraternal and other societies, which is 
so important a feature in the life of the average man. Good citizen- 
ship was a religion to hini, and iew men ha-^-e li\-ed more creditably 
in their home communities than did he. His widow survi\-es hini. 

J.AMES W. DoDSON. Sixly-li\e )ears ago saw the ad\enl of 
the pioneer citizen, James ^\'. Dodson, late of Kcnlland, into Xewlon 
County, Indiana. He was of Kei-ilucky birth and parentaL;^-, the 
son of an old and honorable family in that state, and he was still 
a very young man when he left the Blue Grass region for Ohio and 
later penetrated the then wilderness of Central Illinois. I'rom 
Bloomington, in 1850, he came to Kcntland, and here he spent the 
remainder of his life. Prosperity followed him all his da}-s, and 
much of credit is due to hini for his share in the \iOvk of de\-elop- 
ing Newton County. When he died he left some property, an 
honored name and a family that honors itself in the respect and 
homage it has paid to hirn. 

James W. Dodson was born in Kentucky, August 31, 1808, and 
he died on May 19, 1863, in Kcntland, then known as Kent Station, 
Newton County, Indiana. He was twice married. His first wife 
was Mary Ann Reynolds, born March 18. 1810, and she died .April 
22, 1839, leaving two children. Mary .'\nn, died A]ni[ ir, 1839, and 
William R. died March 27, 1903. On February iTi, 1841, Mr. 
Dodson married Rebecca .Sailor, who was born Se])tember 30, 1822, 
and she died on December 19, 1909. .Seven children were born of 
this second union. They are n-ientioned as follows: John S., bom 
July 7, 1842, and died June 17, 1844; Jesse, born April 18, 1844, 
and died January 16, 1910; Mary Jane, born March 7, 1846, and 


■A.I J I 


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.( .■>■,;! 7-14 ;. 


From 1862 to 1886 



died June 14, i8yy. She manied John Slrohm, who (Hod on Octo- 
ber 17, 1872, and they had one son. Harry A. Strohni, now living , 
in Evanslon, JUinoi.s. ivnth E. was the fourth child in this family 
of seven. She was boni August 23, 1847, and died October 24th of 
that year. Lewis S., bom Alarch 30, 1849; Squire M., bom July 
26, 1851, died j\lay 15, 1915; Jeremiah, the youngest, wa.s born on 
June 5, 1854. Of the three last named, furdier mention will be 
made in later paragraphs. 

Wlien James \\'. Dodson left his native state, Kentucky, be came 
to Uiiio, settlmg hrsl in the vicinity of Degraf. In 1847 1^^ came 
with his little family to Bloomington, Illinois, and remained there, 
variously occupied, until 1850, which year marked his arrival in 
Newton County. He secured a forty acre tract of land about five 
miles northwest of the present site of Kenlland, and there he lived 
for some years. He was a man of great mechanical skill, and besides 
being a successful farmer, he was a cajiable shoemaker, in dull sea- 
sons plying his trade with needle and awl, and finding plenty of 
occupation for the long winter monlhs when farming was at a 
standstill. He was also a manufacturer of fireworks and he is 
credited with having made the fireworks that were used at Bloom- 
ington during the long remembered Zacbary Taylor presidential cam- 
that display being the first of its kind to he seen in Cloom- 
ington. It was the custom in those days for the shoemaker to visit 
the homes where his services were required, and he spent many 
pleasant days as the guest of various families in the county while 
busily engaged in making shoes for both great and small. He was 
a man of many pleasing equalities, and it is said that he was so pleas- 
ant a companion that he was often called upon to make unnecessary 
pairs-of shoes, so loth were his employers to see the end of his stay. 
A great lover of music, he was a very creditable flutist, and wher- 
ever he went he was pressed into service as an entertainer. He also 
was the possessor of a very pleasing voice, and it was no uncommon 
thing for him to sit up until the small hours of the morning, singing 
and playing with friends. Among the most cherished possessions 
of his sons is a singing book, imlilished in 1813, and much used by 
their father during his lifetime. 

Mr. Dodson is a pioneer in the truest sense of the word, and his 
life stood for a quality of citizenship that is the very foundation 
of civic uprightness and solidity. He was a wliig in early life, later 
a republican, and while he never sought oflice or cared for jiublic 
life, he was deeply interested in public afi'airs and lent his influence 
to every movement inaugurated for the advancement and betterment 
of his community. He was a lifelong member of the Baptist Church. 
He was only fifty-three years old when he died, and it is now more 
than fifty years .since he passed on, but his influence still lives in 
Newton County. 

Lc^s Dodson, son of James and Rebecca CSailor) Dodson, 
was born near Bloomington, Illinois, and he came to Newton County 

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as a small child with his jjarcnts. Here he and his hrothcrs, Squire 
]\I. and Jeremiah \'., grew to man's estate. They went to school 
in the old log cabin school houses of that period, and they e-\]x>ricnccd 
all the hardships and joys incident to pioneer life. For v\venty- 
eight years they were associated in a hu.siness partnershij) in Kent- 
land, hut retired in October, 1910, after a very successful career as 
hardware dealers. They ha\e reflected the high standards that 
dominated Ihe life of their father in all their enterprises, and have 
won high places in the esteem and regard of their associates and 
fellow citizens. Like their father, they have never been seekers 
for political honors, but have been leaders in the best public activities 
of their city. 

Pekry M. D. W.-\shburn. A publication of this order exercises 
its supreme and most consistent function when it enters memorial 
tribute to so sterling a pioneer and honored a citizen as the late 
Perry M. D. W'ashburn, who played a benignant part in the civic 
and industrial develoi)nient and progress of Newton County and 
who passed virtually his entire life within the gracious borders of 
the fine old lioosier State. He was numbered among the earliest 
settlers in the vicinity of Iventland, and his wife w^as one of definite 
consecration to worthy industry and noble aims and ideals. He 
was for many years numbered ainong the sturdy yeomen of this 
favored section of the state and he made his farm one of the model 
places of Benton County. Though an earnest and successful ex- 
ponent of the basic industry of agriculture, Mr. \Yashburn did not 
hedge his life about with mere personal advanceinent but was loyal 
and faithful in his civic attitude and wielded benignant influence 
in the commiuiity life. lie attained to the venerable age of eighty- 
cue years and was summoned to eternal rest on the 9th of May, 191 1, 
secure in the high esteem of all who knew him. 

A scion of one of the honored pioneer families of the Buckeye 
State, Mr. Washburn was born in Athens County, Ohio, on the 29th 
of October, 1830, one of the eight children born to Elcazer and 
Sophia (McAfee) ^^'ashburn. Elcazer ^^'ashburn was born in 
Massachusetts and was a representative of one of the fine old colo- 
nial families of New England. As a young man he made his way 
into Ontario, Canada, where his marriage was solemnized, and with 
his young wife he finally removed to Ohio, in which state he re- 
mained until 1S34, when he rcmo^•cd with his faniil}- to Indiana 
and became a pioneer farmer near Noblesville, Hamilton County, 
where he continued to reside for many years, though the closing 
period of his life was passed in the State of Texas. He was a man 
of sterling character and both he and his wife w'ere scions of staunch 
Scottish stock, exemplifying in their personalities the worthy attri- 
butes that have made the Scotch type significant in sturdy integrity 
and iv&-fulness in all of the relations of life. 

Perry M. D. Washburn was about four years old at the time 

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of the family removal from Oliio lo Indiana, and he was reared to 
maUirit}' on the pioneer farm in riamillon County, where his early 
educational advanlag-es were those afforded in the primitive log- 
cnhin schoolhouse. His alcri and ^•i<:;orous mind caused him lo jnofit 
fully from Ihc instruction thus ,1,'ained and also to widen his intel- 
lectual horizon in later years of active association with the practical 
duties and responsibilities of life. He continued to assist in the 
work and management of the liome farm until he had attained to his 
legal majority, and he then entered the employ of -X. 13. Graf of Ohio 
who ^vas at tliat time engaged in railroad construction work between 
Indianapolis and the Wabash River. Still later he was similarly 
associated with the firm of P.oody, Ross & Coiupany, of New York, 
the builders of the Wabash Valley Railroad. 

In 1855 Mr. Washburn married, and in the following year he and 
his young wife settled in jNIarshall County, where he purchased land 
and engaged in farming. Four years later, in i860, Mr. Washburn 
di.sposcd of his farm of forty acres and purchased a farm in Pulaski 
County, on the Tippecanoe River and seven miles north of Winimac. 
In 1864 he removed with his family to Newton County and for about 
twelve years thereafter he had the management of a large stock farm 
owned by Alexander J. Kent, the honored pioneer who was the foun- 
der of the present thriving Town of Kcntland. At the time of his 
removal to Newton County Mr. Washburn had met with adversity 
that left the family practically destitute, his farm crops for the year 
having been destroyed by a severe frost. During the ensuing winter 
he pro\ided for his family by working as a section hand on the rail- 
road, and in the spring he assumed his place as a valued employe of 
Mr. Kent, as previously mentioned. After the lapse of twelve years 
he purchased a farm of 160 acres, in Richland Township, Benton 
County, but this property he sold three years later, only to expand 
his field of operations as an agriculturist and stock-grower, for, in 
1880, he purchased 320 acres of land in the same township, two miles 
north of the Village of Earl Park. He made this one of the splen- 
did landed estates of this part of Indiana and on this fine homestead 
he continued to reside until his death. Fixim an appreciate estimate 
that appeared in a Kentland paper at the time of the death of Mr. 
•Washburn are taken, with minor changes, the following quotations, 
Avhich are well worthy of preservation in this more enduring form : 

• "Mr. Washburn was one of the 'grand old men' of this commun- 
ity. His life, with the labors and successes achieved during its time, 
was a model that all men might do well to imitate. He was ever 
honest and honorable in all his dealings with his fellow men, and, 
though a shrewd business man, he would rather give than take any 
little difl'erence that might occur in the couipletion of any trade tran- 
saction. He was a man of exemplary habits; was ever kind, chari- 
table and considerate and a solicitous and devoted husband and 
father. He was a progressive and successful farmer, and as a result 
of his labors in and accumulations from that vocation he left a goodly 


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inheritance for each of ln"s larj^e family of worihy and (lcscr\ing chil- 
dren. The funeral of this honored pioneer citizen was held from the 
family home, the services lieing conducted by Rev. J. L. J)ra<ly. of 
Rensselaer, who was assisted by Rev. J- Bennett, of Kentland. and 
Rev. ^IcEwan, of Earl Park, the remains being laid to re?t in Fair- 
lawn Cemetery. The funeral was one of the most largely attended 
of all that have been held in the community. Mr. Washburn was a 
great lover of his home and family. A citizen of irreproachable 
character, he was a valuable nnn in his community and his passing 
was a genuine loss." 

As a citizen Mr. Washburn was always ready to do bis jiart in 
the furtherance of those measures and enterprises that tended to 
advance the general welfare of the community, and though he was 
a staunch democrat in politics he had no ambition for public office. 
He was, however, called upon to serve as township assessor, a posi- 
tion of which lie continued the incumbent for twelve years. 

On the 1st of October, 1S55, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. 
Washburn to ^tiss Mary Elizabeth Clayton, daughter of Ephraim 
and Mary (Bonscher) Clayton. Mr. Clayton was born in Fairfield 
County, Ohio, and his wife was a native of Pennsylvania, her death 
having occurred when her daughter Mary Elizabeth (Mrs. Wash- 
burn) was but four years old, and the family home at the time hav- 
ing been in DeKalb County, Indiana. After the death of his wife 
Mr. Clayton remo\ed to Miami County, and later he became the 
owner of a farm near Wincmac, Pulaski County, where he died in 
June, 1S62. Of the three children Benjamin and Eliza are deceased, 
and Mrs. Washburn, now venerable in years, is the only surviving 
member of the immediate family. Mr. and Mrs. Washburn became 
the parents of nine children, of wlinm two are deceased, John having 
died at the age of five years and Gertrude at the age of two months. 
The surviving children are: Clayton, who resides at Fowler, and 
who has three children ; Angus D., who is a resident of Kentland and 
who is individually mentioned on other pages of this work; Benton, 
who is one of the representative farmers of Benton County, where 
he owns a farm of _100 acres, he and his wife having si.x children; 
Estelle is the wife of Sherman N. Geary, of Benton County; James 
A. is likewise personally represented in this publication; Garland is a 
retired farmer residing at Earl Park and is the father of two chil- 
dren; and Miss Grace, the youngest of the children, remains with her 
widowed mother in the pleasant home at Kentland. 

Angus D. Wasiihurx. A well known and distinctively popular 
citizen of Kentland, Newton County, Angus D. \\'a.shburn has been a 
resident of this favored section of the Hoosier State for more than 
half a century and is a representative of one of the honored pioneer 
families whose name has been worthily linked with the social and 
industrial history of Northwestern Indiana. In the memoir, on 
other pages of this publication, dedicated to his honored father, the 

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late Perry M. D. W'ashlMirn, are given adcriuate data concerning- the 
family record, so that further details need not be entered in the 
present article. 

Angus D. Washburn was born in Marshall County, Indiana, on 
the 2d of November, 185S, and he was a lad of five years at the time 
of the family removal to Newton County, where he was reared 
to af'ult age under the conditions and influences of the pioneer 
fari'i and where he early began to learn the lessons of jiractical 
i'-(h'"-irv. as the financial situation of his parents at that time was 
sych that it devolved upon him to aid in the support of the family. 
Jlis father was for twelve years employed by the late Alexander 
Kent, who proved a true benefactor to the Washburn family as well 
as to many odiers in tlie community, this honored pioneer having 
been the founder of the Village of Kentland, which perpetuates 
liis name. In :868, under the direction of his father, Angus D. 
Washburn began herding cattle on the Newton County stock farm 
of Mr. Kent and in the meanwhile his educational opportunities 
were limited to a somewhat irregular attendance in the common 
schools of the locality. In 1870, with the rapid settlement of this 
section of the state, the open cattle range in Newton County was 
closed, but for many years thereafter Mr. \\'ashburn contitmed in 
the employ of ]\Ir. Kent, whose name and memory he reveres. In 
1883 he established his residence on a tract of land near Fair Oaks, 
Newton County, and he long continued his acti\'e association with 
the raising and herding of cattle, day after day having found him 
riding over the land on horseback, so that the saddle came to rep- 
resent his abiding place during much of the time of his active service. 

The first land purchased by the father of Mr. Washburn was a 
tract of forty acres, in Benton County, and this embryonic farm 
was obtained in the year 1S68. Thereafter he continued to invest 
his money judiciously in the purchase of additional land, with the 
result that, by energy and good management he eventually accumu- 
lated a large landed estate in this section of Indiana. Ujron the 
division of the family estate the other sons took land but Angus 
D., of this review, received as his share the sum of $5,000 in cash. 
He has been careful and circumspect in his business transactions 
and activities and has shown himself to be an able and progres- 
sive man of affairs. He has bought and sold many acres of land 
and at the present time is the owner of 2,000 acres of most fertile 
and valuable land in Newton, P>enton and Jasper counties, besides 
his beautiful residence property in the attractive and thriving Vil- 
lage of Kentland. He is vice president of the Kentland State Bank, 
known as one of the strong and popular financial institutions of 
this part of the state. In 191 1 Mr. Washburn erected at Kent- 
land his present dwelling, which is one of the most modern and 
attractive homes in the village and which is known for its gener- 
ous and unostentatious hospitality, with Airs. \\'ashburn as its 
popular chatelaine. 

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Mr. Washburn has been distinctively loyal and public-spirited 
in his civic attitude, is a staunch advocate of the cause of the 
democratic party and cast his first presidential vote in support of 
President Cleveland. He served three years as a member of the 
board of county commissioners of Newton County and was zeal- 
ous in the support of progressive policies, with careful considera- 
tion of the general administration of county affairs. Within his 
period of service was completed the erection of the fine county 
infirmary building, at a cost of $25,000. He and his wife are zeal- 
ous members of the Christian Church at Kentland and contribute 
liberally to the support of the various departments of its work. 
They enjoy most fully the generous prosperity which is their por- 
tion and they delight in the entertainment of their host of friends 
in the community. 

On the 4th of January, jS()j\, was solemnized the marriage of 
Mr. AA'ashburn to Miss ^ilyrtlc Caldwell, and they have two chil- 
dren : Howard C. was graduated in the Kentland High School as a 
member of the class of 1915. and is now a student in the liberal 
arts department of J\Iiami University, at Oxford, Ohio, in which 
he is a member of the class of 1918. He is there affiliated with the 
Sigma Chi fraternity and he is a member of the Christian Church. 
Helen J. is a member of the class of 19TQ in the high school at 
Kentland and is a popular factor in the activities of the younger 
social circles of her home village, where she holds membership in 
the Christian Church. 

Mrs. W"ashburn was born and reared in Newton County and is 
a daughter of Dr. .S. N. and .Alary (McKinney) Caldwell. She is 
the only daughter in a family of four children, and her brothers, 
jMack, Samuel O. and Newton G., are now extensive cattle owners 
in the Province of Alberta, Canada. Doctor Caldwell was born at 
Piqua, Ohio, was graduated in ihc Cincinnati Medical College, 
and in 1865 he established his residence in Newton County, Indiana, 
where he engaged in the practice of his profession and where his 
consecration to his humane mission was shown by his earnest stew- 
ardship, for he traversed in the early days the almost impassable 
swamps and rough roads of winter and summer to give aid to those 
in suffering and distress. He was generous, kindly and sympathetic 
and never refused his ministrations no matter how great the hardship 
involved or how slight the hope of receiving financial recompense 
for his services. His name and memory are revered in the county 
that long represented his home. After the death of his first wife 
the doctor contracted a second marriage and the one child of this 
union is Grace, who is a milliner by occupation and who finds 
demand for her effective work at various places in the Union, in the 
successive seasons, the year 1916 finding hei .engaged at her trade 
in the City of Albuquerque, New Mexico, though she looks upon 
the residence of Mr. and Mrs. Washburn as her home. Mrs. Wash- 
burn gained her early education in the public schools and recei^'ed 

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a teacher's certificate, though slie never engaged in active pedagogic 
service. She is a popular figure in the representative social life 
of her home village and has made the family home a veritable center 
of gracious hospitality. 

Frank A. CoMr.\uiCT. One of the most learned of Newton 
County's earl}' legal practitioners, was the late Frank A. Comparct, 
whose long membership on the Kcntland bar was such as lo reflect 
credit on both himself and the organization. As a citizen of Kent- 
land, he was earnest, helpful and practical and Vihen such men pass 
"from life a community sustains a decided loss. 

P'rank A. Compare! was born at h^jrt Wayne, Indiana, April 8, 
iSGo, a son of Joseph and Marian (Alexander) Comparer. On the 
paternal side the ancestry was French and on the maternal, was 

The Comparet family was closely identified with the early grov.-th 
and development of Fort Wayne, and there the paternal grandfather 
of Frank A. Comparct died and was buried. In 1868, Joseph Corn- 
paret, his father, brouglit his familj- to Newton County but later 
removed to the State of \\'a5hington and died there some years 
afterward. He married ]\Iarian Alexander in Indiana and of their 
four children but one is now living. 

Frank A. Comparet attended the ])ublic scliools at Kcntland and 
in 1878 was graduated from the hit;h school. He ne\cr had col- 
legiate advantages but was of a studious habit of mind, a lover 
of good literature and thus was mainly self educated, becoming one 
of the best informed men of his day at Kentland. He accumulated 
a fine library of standard books and many of his happiest hours were 
sjient in their company. 

Shortly after graduating frcun the high school, Mr. Comparct 
determined on the study of law and for this purpose became a 
student in the law oflice of Judge J. T. Saunderson, later becoming 
his partner in the practice of law. For twenty-one years this part- 
nership was maintained and was dissolved only when failing heaUh 
required Judge Saunderson to seek another climate, he removing 
then to Oklahoma. For some time after the departure of Judge 
Saunderson, ]\Ir. Comjiaret continued alone in practice, but subse- 
quently finding his duties too heavy to attend to alone, he entered 
into another partnership, his association with John Higgins con- 
tinuing thereafter up to his death on November 6, 1905. His ability 
as a lawyer was universally recognized and he was known as a 
safe counselor because of the profundity of his legal knowledge. 

On February 26, 1884, Mr. Comparet was united in marriage 
with Miss Fannie McCray, who is a daughter of Greenliury \\'ard 
and Martha J. (Galey) McCray. and a sister of Hon. \\'arrcn T. 
McCray, one of the prominent men of Northern Indiana. To Mr. 
and Mrs. Comparet one son was Ijoni, Donald, on .September 14, 
1885. who graduated with the class of 1903 in the Kcntland High 


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School, and for a time was eriga<;ed in llic Discount and Deposit 
Dank of Kcntland, Indiana, which his grandfather liad established 
3cars ago. He was a young man of excejnional habits, and com- 
manded the respect of all who came in contact with him. lie died 
at the age of twenty-one years, a young man of much jnomisc. 
Mvs. Comparet survives and is held in the highest esteem in ilie 
community in v.'hich she has passed much of her life. H(;r social 
circle includes niany of the old substantial families of the county. 

EuGAR LoTX rKUSiiKR. Ncwtou County knew the life and in- 
• flucnce of the late Edgar Lotl fresher for something like thirty- 
five years prior to his passing in 1901. He was a farming man, for 
the most part, ib.ough he spent about five years in the successful 
operation of an electric light plant in Kcntland, and was known 
throughout the county as something of a mechanical genius. Had 
he elected mechanics for his career it is reasonably certain that 
he would ha^'e made a splendid success of the work, but he loved 
rural life, and found his best happiness in carrying on his farm 
in Jefferson Township, which he operated profitably for twenty- 
four years. 

Mr. Fresher was born in Kendall County, Illinois, on Seiitembcr 7, 
1S44, and he was a son of Lott and Eliza P. (Gridleyl Fresher, both 
natives of the State of New York. They came to Ivendall County 
from New York in 1843, and there ihc father followed his trade of 
mechanic, but gave some time to farming ventures, as well. He died 
in February, 1874. They were the parents of three children: 
William Henry, Sarah Eliza and Edgar Lott, all now deceased. 
The father was a republican and a memlier of the Bai>list Church. 
His wife sur\ived him, and died in Newton County, greatly advanced 
in years. 

Edgar Lott Fresher received limited educational advantages in 
the primitive schools of his native county, and when he was seven- 
teen years old he began his independent career as the operator of a 
threshing macnine. Fie owned the machine and ran it on his own 
responsibility, finding a good business in that line for a number 
of seasons. He, it is presumed, inherited his mechanical tendencies 
from his father, and all his life he dis]ikiyed a remarkable bent for 
work along those lines. 

He was just twenty-one years old when he married. The 
wedding took place on December 21, 1863, at Ottawa, Illinois, Miss 
Melissa S. Watson becoming his wife. She was the daughter of 
Joseph L. and Alisa (Fhilip) Walson, both of them pioneers of 
LaSalle County, Illinois. Two sons were liorn to Mr. and Mis. 
Fresher. Joseph Lott married ^lis. Kva ^fontgomery, and lulgar 
Blye is unmarried. 

Mr. and I\[rs. Pi-esher came to l^Tewton County on September 
21, 1867, and for two years they maintained a residence in what is 
now Kentland. They then moved on a farm 01 200 acres, located 

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in Jefferson Township, and for tlie ensuing twenly-four years tliese 
good people continncil to live there, devoted to agricuhural Hfc. In 
those years they developed one of the finest farms in their com- 
munit)', and wlu-ii they ffll icady lo retire from active life they took 
up their residence in Kentlaiid, where Mr. Fresher died on March i, 

I\Ir. and ]\Irs. I'reslicr were mtnibcrs of the l^>aplist Church 
and active worl^ers in the cause. All his life Mr. Fresher was a 
liberal ,t;i\cr to the church and to e\ery good work that was can'ied 
on in liis community, lie was a nian of excellent character and 
tine mental attainments, and his i>resenee in Jefferson Township 
was one of its real assets. He was a republican, but nc\er cared 
to hold office. His widow still survi\-es, and is living in Kcntland 
and she has one of tlie pretty, comfortable homes of Kentland. She 
is an affable lady and lier Ikjihc is her paradise. Her son, Edgar 
Blye, resides with her and he is a young man and quite an adept in 
painting and taxidermy, as well as mechanics. 

JoiJX W. T.-WLOR. Tlie dignity of labor raises the farmer to a 
le\ei of importance corres])ondinp; to tiiat occupied by any cl'ass of 
producers. To labor long and faiilifully, giving the best of one's 
ability and talent along any line of endea\'or, is to fulfill the destiny 
of mankind and lo make possilile a hap]>y, contented old age. John 
W. Taylor, one of the sul)st.inlial farmers and highly esteemed 
citizens of Carpenter Townsliip, is a man whose life has been one 
of constant industry and honorable labor, and though always busy 
he has never failed to find time to make friends or contribute to the 
welfare and advancement of his commmiity. 

A resident of Jasper Count}' thirty-five years, John \\'. Taylor 
was born near Warsaw in Kosciusko County, Indiana, Jaiuiary 16, 
185.-?. His parents were Jonathan and Catherine (Carr) Taylor, 
the former a native of England who came to America about four- 
teen years of age, and the latter a native of Ohio. John W. Taylor 
came to maturity in Kosciusko County, had such training as was 
given to farmer L-oys of that time and locality, and first became 
acquainted with Jasper County in 1R73, at the age of twenty-one, 
but remained only a short time until his removal to White County. 
In 1881 he returned to Jasper County, located in Caqjenter Town- 
ship, and his home has been on a farm three miles north of Reming- 
ton ever since. His first purchase comprised eighty acres of land, 
and in a few years he had paid for and thoroughly imjiroved, and has 
since gradually accumulated more land and jiroperty until he is 
now the owner of 360 acres, is a stockholder in the State Hank of 
Remington and in the Farmers Co-0])erative Elevator at Remington. 
All this he has to show for his own labors, since he did not begin 
life with inherited wealth, and has found means through diligence 
and thrift to gain a competence and provide liberally for his family. 

In 1874, shortly after going to White County, Mr. Taylor 

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married iMiss Susan Alkire, a daiu;l,tcr of Samuel and Sarali Mki.c 
who were among the early settlers of White County. Mr. Taylor 
d.ed January 29, 18S1, and was laid to rest in the old Alkire Ceme- 
tery m W hitc County. It was sliortly after her death iMr Taylor 
returned to Jasper County and located on his present farm. There 
are three chddren by that marria^i;e : Wesley is a lawyer at Monti- 
cello, and IS married and has one child named Cecil; Earl lives in 
White County and has one child, Eenjamin Ralph ; Catherine mar- 
ried Charles Sencft, and they li^-c near Etna Green in Kosciusko 

For his second \\ife .Mr. Taylor married Emma Matthews a 
daughter of John Matthews of ^^•hitc County. They journeyed life's 
pathway logether for many years until Mrs. Taylor died February 
28, 1914. IJer body no^v rests in the Remington Cemetery. There 
were .three children by the second marriage also: Sadie is the wife 
of Albert Courtright, they Ihc in Carpenter Township, and have 
two chddren named CarKn and .Alaurice ; Estella is now her father's 
housekeeper; and Russell also lives at home. In jiolitics Mr Taylor 
IS a republican, but has never sought any of the honors conferred 
by public office. He has never joined any secret order, and is not 
a member of any church. 

John F. L.u\ki;n-ci;, who for the past five years has been presi- 
aent of the Bank of Brook, while not a pioneer is one of the older 
citizens of Newton County, and has made his thirty-five years of 
residence react to the benefit of his community in many ways. 

Born near \Vooster, \A'ayne County, Ohio, November 29 1858 
he IS a son of Daniel A. and Catherine L. (Strubbe) Lawrence' 
His ancestors came to America from England several generations 
ago while his mother's family were of German stock. 

He grew up and received his early education in Wayne County, 
Oliio. Here he chose a career of self reliance, and by hard work- 
earned his way through the normal school at Smithville, and had 
experience of two terms as a teacher in Ohio before coming to 
Indiana. In 1881 at the age of twenty-three he came to Goodland, 
Indiana, and during that summer worked for Mr. Turner on his 
nearby farm. The winter he spent teaching school and altogether 
.he gave about six years to that profession in ^Vashington, Grant 
and Iroquois townships. He then turned his energies to farming, 
and the greater part of his life spent in Newton Count)- has bce'ii 
devoted to the management of his extensive farming interests. 

On December 25, 1SS5, Mr. Lawrence married Ida M. Esson, 
a daughter of the late John Esson, whose career is sketched on' 
odier pages. Mr. and Mrs. Lawrence have five children : Le Roy 
Esson, who married Mellie Little, is an agriculturist an<l stockraiser 
near Brook; Hazel L., wife of Everett D. Hess of Brook, and 
tlic mother of two children named Helen Ruth and Lawrence 
Elmer; Ruth A., Donald L. and Harry C, all of whom are still 


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at tlie T.awrcnce hoine. Mrs. Hess graduated from the Brook 
High Srliool, also spent one year at Oxford College at Wooster, 
Ohio, arid was then three years at DePauw University, taking the 
philosophical coiu'se. She is a member of the Delta Zata at 
DePauw and a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church. Ruth 
A. attended the high school at Brook, Indiana, and was one year at 
Rockford College at Rockford, Illinois. Donald L., graduated with 
the class of (1916) and Harry C. a member of the eighth grade. 
Mr. Lawrence has always lieen identified with the republican 
party, but looks to the qualifications of the applicant for office in 
local affairs. In fact he has never dabbled in politics, and has been 
c'ontent to exercise liis individual influence. He is affiliated with 
the Masonic Lodge at Brook, his wife being a member of the Order 
of Eastern Star, and both are members of the Meiliodist Church. 
The Lawrence home is one of the finest residences at Brook. 
While in no sense a j^olitician ]\Ir. Lawrence has in many ways 
worked for community betterment. For four years he served as 
a member of the town board and was president two years, and for 
three years was drainage commissioner of Newton County. For 
three years from 1901 to 1904 he had active management of the 
elevator of Beaver City. 

Jonx Essex. A more praiseworthy record than that of the 
late John Esson could scarcely be loimd within the annals of New- 
tori Cpunty. It was of such men that the Holy Winter spoke when 
he said : "Their bodies are buried in peace but their names live for 
evermore. The people will tell of their wisdom and the congrega- 
tion will show forth their praise." 

For more than thirty-five years he had his home in Newton 
County. He was born in North Ilamptonsliire, England, August 
21, 1.S44, a son of Thomas and Susan (Chamberlain) I'ssoii who 
came to America in 1S55 and settled in Will County, Illiiinis. John 
Esson grew up in Illinois, had a practical though limited education 
and was still a young man when he moved to Newton County in 
1871 and located on a farm northwest of Brook. He was an active 
farmer and lived in the country until 1890, when he moved to 
Brook, v.-here he had his home until his death on January 17, 1907. 

He brought with him to Newtoji County a wife and small fam- 
ily. On October 17, 1S66, he married Miss Emerette R. Park. 
Their second daughter Eva died in infancy, and the only other 
child was Ida M., now Mrs. John F. Lawrence of Broolc. Mr. 
Esson was a republican and at one time filled the office of county 
coroner. He was one of the founders of the Bank of Brook. Soon 
after coming to Indiana he united with the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, and was one of its active members as long as he lived. 

Such are the ordinary facts of biograjjhy. What his life meant 
and his influence, are best realized in a review of his career which 

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appeared in the Brook Reporter, from which the following- para- 
graphs arc quoted : 

"Would that it were in the power of our pen to depict the life 
of 'Uncle Jack' as he was known to every one. Clean and upright, 
ever willing to help the needy, nay, not only willing but always 
first. In years gone by how well every one remembers that oft- 
time repeated sentence when there w-as needy or a needy enter- 
prise lagging for want of push, 'Get Uncle Jack, he can raise more 
money than any half dozen men in the community.' This was not 
only a fact in one line but everj'Jinc where assistance was neces- 
sary. And did he ask any man to subscribe more than he was v.'ont 
to give himself? Never. He always headed Ihe list with the 
largest sum that was found on it. W^e give this as only an instance 
to ilhistrate the noble traits of manhood, ready to lend succor to 
the needy at all times and under all circumstances. 

"Taken as a business man he was connected with the Bank of 
Brook as its vice president since the instiiulion started, almost with 
the beginning of the town, \\'hilc iie\er taking an active part 
beyond the directorship of the bank, he lent his executive ability in 
assisting it to build up a reputation as one of the strongest finan- 
cial institutions in this section of the state. 

"In one line will he be missed more \h;n\ all others by the citi- 
zens of our town and community. He ^\•as essentially a booster, a 
believer in progress and progressive ideas, and there was no enter- 
prise started in our town but what the sound and calculating judg- 
ment of "Uncle Jack' was not sought. Still more along this line 
was his love for fair play and honest purposes, and bis ever readi- 
ness to lend a helping hand or word of encouragement to a young 
man just starting out in life. I\Ir. Esson was a man of the broadest 
views on all subjects. Added not only v/ere the interests of his 
home town, but the interests of the county at large, its farming 
advancement, good roads improvement, and all like projects, and 
there was seldom a time when he was not the leading ofiicial in a 
half dozen organizations for the betterment of the community and 
the county. 

"A man of active life, never at rest or satisfied unless he was 
performing some act of charity or benefit to his fellow beings, 
his loss to the community cannot be estimated, and he was a man 
tliat cannot be replaced, for a lifetime .shows but few that have 
the traits that make them a leader in all lines and hold that lead- 
ership through good deeds." 

Godfrey F. Schuster. Of those men who came into Jasper 
County comparatively poor and ha-\'e acquired here the Iiasis of solid 
I)rosperity, perhaps none is more worthy of mention than Godfrey 
F. Schuster, more familiarly known among friends and neighliors 
as Fred Schuster. His fine farm, which for years has been return- 
insf to him the fruits of honest labor and well directed management. 


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is lot-atcd two and a lialf miles northwest of Remington in Car])en- 
ter Township. ^Ir. Schuster lias been a resident of jasper County 
forty-five years, and the fact that in all that time he has never been 
involved in a law suit indicates ihe peace and good will which have 
accompanied his residence in this community. 

He is of French and German descent, and was born August 
26, 1830, in Alsace, at the \''illage of Oberhoffen, near Ilagneu. 
Tlie name in its German form is Schuster, as Mr. Schuster spelts it, 
but rdl the younger generation have simplified its siicliing to Sinister. 
] lis parents were Martin and -Magdaljic (Kummer) Schusier. All 
of them came to America in 1848, and. settled in luie County near 
Buffalo, New York, where Godfrey V. .Schuster was reared to man- 
. iiood and gained some education in English schools. From New 
York State he went to Chicago as a young man, spent four years 
as an employee in the stockyards of that city, and while li\ing in 
Chicago, on March 30, 1864, he married Anna M. Ncalon. Th.e 
Nealons were of Irish and English stock. 

After his marriage Mr. Schuster moved to a stock farm six 
miles from Chicago, and after spending about six years there came 
in 1S70 to Carpenter Township, locating on Section 23, which has 
nov\' continuously for forty-five years been his home, and the center 
of his A'aricd activities as a farmer and stoclc man. 

^Vhile his hard working activities liave commended him to the 
esteem of a large community, Mr. Schuster has special reason to be 
proud of his fine family of six children. The oldest, Anna T., still 
lives 'at home. Louise M. is the wife of William D. Austin, and 
they hve at South Whitcly, Indiana, and have ten children. Ophelia 
S. is the wife of John Farrell, of Carpenter Township, and they 
are the parents of nine children. Fredie is now deceased. Herbert 
]\I., who lives on the homestead witli his father, married Mary A. 
Shide, and their five children are named Fred J., George F., A'irginia 
A., Donald H. and Arnold L. May E. is the wife of Walter Wil- 
liams, they live at Goodland, and their four children are Lucile A., 
Marie Ruth, Joseph and Elnora M. It was a heavy loss to this 
family when the wife and mrjlber died, Alay jo, i8qS. She was 
laid to rest in the Remington Catholic Cemetery. Air. Schuster 
and family are members of the Sacred Heart Catholic Church, 
although he was reared a Lutheran. He is a democrat, and for four 
years served as township supervisor, though he did not seek that 
office and has never been eager for the responsibilities of political 
affairs. He is a member of no secret order. The Schuster home- 
stead comprises 160 acres of land, and this land, with its value and 
its many improvements, represents Vvhat he has accomplished in a 
■material way, in addition to rearing his family, since coming to 
Jasper County many jx-ars ago. He has been somewhat conserva- 
tive and careful in all his dealings and at the same time has been 
strongly in favor of substantial imjM-ovements, including roads and 

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WiLLiA.r O. ScHANLATT.. Thcrc arc few better known edu- 
cators m Nortlnvestcrn Indiana than ^\-ilIianl O. Schanlaub. now 
county superintendent of schools for .\\■^vton County. His record 
shows that he is by no means a routine educator, but lias dis- 
tmguislied himself by constructive and progressive woi 
ber of localities with which he has been identified. 

His career also offers encouragement to those who have ic 
struggle with circumslance and lack' of opportunity. He educated 
himself, and then took up the great task of educating oUicrs and 
directing ihe school work of entite communities. 

He was born in Rensselaer, fijdiana, October ii, 1S76, and his 
parents, John and Arminda Jose])hine Schanlaub, are both livin<. 
at Rensselaer. His father has spent his acti^■e career as a farmer^ 
It has been said that a printing or newspaper office is the greatest 
umversity in the world. William O. Schanlaub, besides attending 
the regular schools, began learning the printer's trade when a boy 
and was em]>loyed at different times in all the print shops at Rens- 
selaer. When about sixteen he began publishing a monthly naper at 
Rensselaer kno\vn as The :\Iessenger, which he continued' during 
1892-93. In the meantime he had attended the common schools and 
high school at Rensselaer, and in 1803 lie went to Morocco in 
Newton County to act as foreman of the mechanical department of 
the Morocco Courier, a position he held four years. For several 
tenns I\Tr. Schanlaub attended the Indiana Stale Normal School 
in preparation for work as a teacher, and in 1905 he graduated 
from A'alparaiso University. 

His first work was done in the rural schools in 1897. J" iS'X) 
he was elected to a position in the grammai- department in the 
-Alorocco public schools and he was elected principal of the high 
school there in 1901. In 1903 he was advanced to superintendent 
of the Morocco schools. In 1906 he obtained the first higli school 
commission for Morocco. December 7, 1907, .Air. Schanlaub resigned 
his superintendency of the Morocco schools to become county 
superintendent of schools, and for nearly ten years has supervised 
the school .system of Newton County. 

While a democratic voter, Mr. Schanlaulj has ne\er been in any 
sense a politician, though he has rendered public service of the 
highest quality of value. Fraternally he is affiliated with the Alasons, 
being present secretary of the Masonic Lodge, is a member of the 
subordinate lodge of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, belongs 
to the Knights of Pythias, in which he was keei)er of records and 
.seals from 1903 to 190S, and is also a member of the Modern Wood- 
men of America, His church is the Presbyterian. 

On June 15, 1910, at Chicago, Mr. Schanlaub married Edythe 
N. Spalding, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. James Spalding. Their 
one child died in infancy. 

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Rev. Charles \V. Postill has exerted his principal influence 
on the hfe and affairs of Jasper and Newton Counties as a minister 
of the ]\Iethodist Episcopal Church, which he lias served faithfullj' 
and well for more than twenty years. His interests ha\ e not been 
entirely confined to liis profession, since he is a practical faianer 
and has kept iu close touch with various public movements, espe- 
cially in his home city of Rensselaer. 

lie was bom at Medaryville, Pulaski County, Indiana, July 9, 
].%S, a son of William II. and Mary Ann Postill. the former an 
pjiglishman and tlie lallci ol .Scolcli-lrisli ancestry. 

Reared on a farm, Mr. l^ostill had an ambition to acquire 
a liberal education, and while in college paid his own way. lie 
attended Jasper County schools, the Rensselaer High School, and 
in 1S95 graduated from DcPauw L'ni\-ersity at Greencastle. For 
several years he was a farmer and for four years taught school in 
Jasper County. 

Pie entered the ministry of the Methodist Episcopal Church in 
1895 by becoming a member of the Northwest Indiana Conference, 
and has filled the following posts, all in Indiana: Fontanet, 1895-97; 
Wmgate, 1897-1903; Remington, 1903-06; Fowler, 1906-11; Attica, 
191 1-13; and Fair Oaks, 1913-16. 

Besides his city residence at Rensselaer, Rev. Mr. Postill owns 
a first class farm of 201 acres five miles from that town, and of 
course is very much interested- in all that affects the progress and 
welfare of Jasper County farmers. He is a member of tlie Jasper 
County Poultry Association. He is secretary of the board of 
trustees of the Monnett School for Girls at Rensselaer. Politically 
h.e is a republican and is affiliated with the Knights of Pythias and 
the j\Iasonic order. 

On September 3, 1890, at Rensselaer, Mr. Postill married 
Rebecca Elizabeth Richardson, who was born in LaPortc County, 
Indiana, and came to Rensselaer in 1886 with her parents, Daniel 
L. and Elizabeth J. Richardson. T\Ir. and Mrs. Postill had one 
daughter, Pauline, who died in infancy. 

James A. Wiialicv. Of the men whose ability, industry and 
forethought have added to the character, wealth and progress of 
Newton County, none stands higher than James A. Whaley of 
Washington Township. A man of sterling worth of character, 
he has lived in this county practically all his life, and has won for 
himself an enviable prominence as a farmer, public spirited citizen 
and official, and a worker in behalf of every worthy cause. 

He was born September 7, 1863, in Jay County, Indiana, a son of 
John F. and Ellen (Hosier) ^^'haley. His father was a native of 
Ohio. In 1863 llic family came to Newton County and on the 4th 
of October of that }'ear located in Washington Township. John 
h. Whaley followed farming as a renter foi- five years and then 
bought forty acres in Section 30, where he spent the rest of his 

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da3's. lie died in 1896. He led a (juiet l:>iU exemplary life, one 
devoted to the best interests of the conimunit}', and in matters of 
public welfare was especially interested in and did all h.e could to 
further the building of good roads. For many years he held the 
office of township supervisor. He was a stanch republican and was 
especially active in the United Jjrethren Church. He was chairman 
of the committee that helped to put up the first church edifice in 
1869, and afterwards assisted in remodeling it. He did not live to 
see the handsome new^ edifice costing over twelve thousand dollars 


James A. Whaley, who \vas the third in a family of twelve 
children, eight sons and four daughters, ten of whom are still living, 
grew up on the home farm of his parents and lived there until he 
was twenty-one. In the meantime he had attended the local schools, 
and wisely profited by such opportunities as were given him to 
advance his education and also improve his ability for grasping and 
grappHng with the affairs of real life later on. On starting out for 
himself he was a renter for four years. His first purchase was 
forty acres in Section 2.^ of \\;ashington township. That has been 
his home ever since, but there liave been many progressive steps 
in his prosperity since then, and it is all represented now by an 
estate of 563 acres in Washington Tow-nship. This prosperity was 
due to economy, hard work and good management. In 1904 J\lr. 
Whaley put up his s])lendid country home, and the commodious barn 
on the farm was built in 1910. ^Ir. Whaley is widely known over 
' Newton Comity as a breeder of Percheron and Belgian horses, and 
has some of the best animals of that breed in Northwest Indiana. 
He also keeps full blooded cattle and hogs, and he possesses special 
ability in the management of stock. ■ About five years ago Mr. 
Whaley planted a large catalpa grove, and has added to it every 
year, and this i)lantation is one that will add greatly to the value of 
his land, since the catalpa is a tree of rapid growth and makes some 
of the best fence posts that can be found. 

Mr. Whaley is also a member of the United Brethren Church in 
Washington Township, with v/hich his father was so long identified, 
and was chairman of the building committee which erected the 
hand.some church to replace the old place of wor.ship. He has 
served as chairman of the board of trustees of the church for a 
number of years, and has also been superintendent of the .Sunday 
school. He and his family are all regular attendants upon the 
worship in that denomination. In public affairs he ser^•ed three 
years as a member of the board of county commissioners and was 
on the board when the present courthouse was erected. He has 
been an. active republican, has filled .a number of township offices 
such as supervisor and director of the school board, and is keenly 
aUve to everything that concerns the real good and advancement of 
his township. 

On March 23, 188;, Mr. Whaley married :\Iiss Mahuldali Light. 

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Mr. and Mrs. ^^■lKllc_v have had a happy inarried life of nearly 
thirty years, and during that time eleven children have been born 
into their home, six danghters and five sons, namely : Mabel D., 
Elmer :\I., Ina, Ellen, Zelda A., John P., Stella .May, William 
McKinlcy, Louis Maynard, Cecil E., and Laura Louise. 

Chckcii of TiTi; Sacri:d Heart, Remixgtox, Lxdiaxa. Of the 
various parishes of the Catholic Church in Jasper County, that of the 
Church of the Sacred Heart, at Remington, has become one of 
distinct imjjortance and large inlE'tence, so that there is all of con- 
sistency in giving in this publication a brief review of its history. 
I'Yom small beginnings the parish has been developed to its present 
condition of marked spiritual and temporal prosperity, and its 
affairs are now under the executive and ecclesiastical direction of 
Rev. Joachim Baker, who has been the able and revered pastoral 
incumbent since September, 191 5, when be succeeded Rev. John AI. 
Schmitz. IJniil the erection of the j)rcsent line church edilice the 
title of the church was St. John's. 

The first priest to ser\-e the Catholic families of the Remington 
community was Rev. Josepli .Slepbian, who here continued his visita- 
tion from iSCo to 1870. in which latter year Rev. Anthony Mess- 
mann, residing at Kentland, began ie,:,ular vi.^itations to Remington, 
\\-here he celebrated mass in the home of Timothy O'Connor, in the 
western pru't of the town. At the same time Rev. .August Young, 
the incumbent of a pa?toral charge at Rensselaer, celebrated mass at 
intervals in the residence of John Eclc, about eight miles north- 
west of the \'illage of Remingtijn, the number of church families in 
the limits of the present parish ha\')!ig been at that time about 
t\\-cnLy-nve. These conditions obtained until 1S75, vvhcn a frame 
church, 25 by 70 feet in dimensions, was erected in Remington, 
this building now being utilized as the parish school and the same 
having been built under the superintendence of Father i\Tessmann. 
At that time the parish purchased three village lots; in 1881 two 
more lots were aciderl ; and in 1903 a tract of i^ lots was pur- 
chased, the three being combined to constitute the present parish 
landed property. 

From 1876 to 1883 tlic mission parish at Remington was served 
and attended by the Franciscan Fathers. Rev. John Wellinghoff, 
O. F. M., visited the parish every t^vo weeks from 1876 to 1879, and 
was succeeded by Rev. Guide .Stallo, O. F. M., whose ministrations 
continued until 1881, when Rev. John B. Schroeder, O. F. M., 
initiated his successful pastoral service. Within his regime the 
sanctuary and sacristies were added to the original church edifice, 
and at this time the congregation numbered about forty families. 

Tn 18S3 the Remington parish received its first resident pastor, 
in the person of Rev. J. H. ^^'erdein, who remained until t886, and 
under whose administration was erected a parochial residence, at 
a cost of about $700. The pastoral incumbents since that time 

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have been five in number, and their nanie> and re>])ecrive jieriocis of 
service arc here desit;nnte<l : ]\e\-. Jleniy A. Helllial;e, May, i8S6, 
to August, 1893: Rev. :\[. Keily, /Vugust to October, i8<j3; Rev. J. 
B. Berg, October 16, 1893, to July 4, 1005; Re\'. George 11. Ilorls- 
maii, July 4, 1905, to July (>, 1910; Rev. John M. .Schniitz, July 6, 
igio, to September 1, 1915; Rev. Joachim Baker, Se])tcmber i, 
191 5, to the jiresent time. 

In 1899 Father Berg brobe groinid for the present substantial 
and beautiful church edifice, nvhich was completed under his careful 
supervision and nhich was dedicated two years later, on the 22d 
of July, 1901, when it was consecrated to the Sacred Heart of 
Jesus. The old frame church was nio\-ed across the street and 
converted into a parochial school building, at an expense of $1,500. 
The school was opened in Scptcmljer, 1903. and has become a most 
important adjunct of the parish work-. At tlie inception the school 
was placed in charge of two Franciscan Sisters from the City of 
Lafayette, and the number of inijiils was fifty-four. 'J1ie success 
of the work of the parish school is indicated by the fact that its 
enrollment of pupils now ntnnliers 107, three sisters being retained 
as teachers. 

The Church of the Sacred Heart has all of its activities well 
organized and maintained in ^•ital and successful order, including 
the work of the two sodalities, for married women and young women 
respecti^-ely, and the Holy Xante Society, the membership of which 
is composed of the men of the parish. There has been developed 
•also in connection with the parish a vigorous organization of the 
Catholic Order of J-'orestcrs. The total number of families rejjrc- 
seiited in the church membershi]> is ajjjjroxinialely 100, implying 
a congregation of about 470 persons. 

Father Schmitz was born in the diocese of the ancient City of 
Treves, Rhenish Prussia, on the 10th of January, 1876, and was 
seven years of age at the time of the family immigration to the 
United States. After due preliminary discipline he entered St. 
Joseph's College, at Kirkwood, Alissouri, where he completed his 
classical course, and his philosophical and theological courses were 
taken at jNIount St. Mary's Seminary, Cincinnati, Ohio. He was 
ordained to the priesthood by Archbishop Elder, on the 16th of 
June, 1899, and thereafter he served as assistant priest at Avilla, 
Noble County, Indiana, from Jtily 2, 1899, until the following Sep- 
tember, when he became assistant priest of an important ])arisli in 
the City of Aluncie, this state, where he remained tmtil 1900, on the 
13th of July of which year he became pastor of Immaculate Con- 
ception Church and outlying missions at Auburn, lOekalb County. 
Of the charge last mentioned he continited the inctmibent until he 
assumed the pastorate of the Church of the Sacred Jleart on the f>\h 
of July, 1910. 

In 1906 Father .Schmitz was favored in being able to make a 
somewhat extended trip in Eurojie, and it was a matter of eminent 


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salisfaclion In liini that on ilial occasion he was granted llic ])ri\ilege 
of audience willi llic revered head of tlie eliurch, l^ojje Pius X. 

Lkwis W. IkxT. I'or more llian sixty years the Hunt family 
ha\e been ideniilied \\-ilh that section of Jasjier County included in 
Carpenter Township. They have led quiet, industrious .and honor- 
able lives, and aside from the jn-osperity which is invariably asso- 
ciated with the name the characteristic of sterling honesty has 
likewise impressei! itself upon all who knew them. 

For many years the late llasil Hunt held a high place in that 
locality. Basil Hunt, who was of English descent, was born k'eliru- 
ary 27, 1830, in Randolph County, Indiana, a son of Lewis W. and 
Anna (Denton) Hunt, both of whom were nati^■es of Kentucky. 
Froiu Randolph County, Indiana, Basil ] lunt went witli the family 
to Missouri at tlie age of eleven, and when eighteen years old 
went to Illinois, and at nineteen, following a visit back to his birth- 
])lace in Randolph County, moved to Jordans Grove in White County. 
That was about 1849, and while living there he was married in 
1852 to Talitha C. Jordan, a daughter of William and Catherine 
(Sexton) Jordan. Her parents were among the very earliest settlers 
of White County. Immediately after his marriage Basil Hunt 
mo\'ed to >\-hat is now Section 13, Carpenter Township, Jasper 
County. Sulisequently he moved to Section 14, and at that location 
carried on his \aried pursuits as a farmer and stock raiser until his 
death, on ^larch 19, 1908, when he was laid to rest in Egypt Ceme- 
tery in Jordan Township. His wife, Talitha, had died April 11, 
1898, and is also at rest in the same cemetery. They were the 
parents of nine children: Martha E., Oscar J., Anna J., William 
J., and Alary E., all deceased; Edgar B., who lives at Ashland, 
Oregon; Lydia E. and Lewis W., twins, both of whom are living 
on the old farm in Carpenter Township; and j\Ialinda J., the wife 
of ]"rank Jordan, living in l^emington. 

The late Basil Hunt was a republican, but never sc ught any 
political ofifice in the comnnuiity. He and his wife were active 
members of the Methodist Episcopal Church. Physically he was 
portly and strong, and possessed some decided characteristics. A 
man of common school education, he was an original thinker, worked 
out his own ideas and having once convinced himself of any fact 
was very difficult to move from his position. He enjoyed a con- 
siderable reputation as a public speaker, and was always a good 
citizen. Though somewhat high tempered he got over his anger 
quickly, and never had any serious difficulties with his neighbors. 
He was successful as a farmer and stock man, and at the time of 
his death owned 240 acres of land, all of which represented liis 
hard work and good management. 

Lewis W. Hunt, a son of Basil, and one of the best Icnown 
farmers of Carpenter Township, was born in Section 14, Range 6, 
in tliat township, February ]8, 1865. This has been his home all 

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his life, and since earl}- manhood his occupations have heen identi- 
fied with farming and stock growing. Mr. Hunt has never married, 
and with his twin sister, Lydia, now ovi'iis the line farm of ito 
acres, located two miles northwest of Remington, and known as the 
"Balm ill Gilead" farm. Mr. Hunt has made himself a factor in 
the forwarding of local improvements, and an evidence of this is 
to be found in the fact tliat the L. \\". Hunt gravel road is one 
of the fine thoroughfares of the county, and passes one side of his 
farm. He also owns some stock in the Farmers Co-operative Ele- 
vator Company at Remington. He is a member of the official board 
of the Methodist Church, and his sister is also an active worker in 
the same church. In politics he is a republican, hut lias iiexer 
looked for any official honors from the party organization. 

BuRDirn Porter, liorn and reared in Jasper County, Mr. Porter 
has here been closely identified with the basic industry of agriculture 
from the time of his boyhood to the present, and he is now one of 
the progressive farmers and stock-growers of Carpenter Townsliip, 
where he owns a well improved homestead that he has accumulated 
through his own well ordered endeavors. He is one of the appre- 
ciative and public-spirited citizens of the county that has alwa)'s 
represented his home, and he has here a circle of friends that is 
limited only by that of his acquaintances. His loyalty and activity 
in connection with local affairs of a public order are indicated by 
the fact that in November, 1914, he was elected trustee of Carpenter 
Township, in which office he is giving a characteristically earnest 
and circumspect administration. Adequate record concerning the 
family history appears on other pages of this work, in the sketch 
of the career of his father, John J. Porter. 

Burdett Porter was born in Jordan Township, this county, on 
the 27th day of July, 1871, and he was about one year old at the 
time of the family removal to Carpenter Township, which has 
represented his home during the intervening years. As a boy he 
began to assist in the work of the home farm, and his preliminary 
education was acquired in the district schools, after which he 
availed himself of the ad\antagcs of the high school in the Village 
of Remington. He continued to be associated with the affairs of the 
home farm of his father until he had attained to the age of twenty- 
two years, when he initiated his independent career as a farmer. 
His prior experience of practical order, combined with his energy, 
progressiveness and good business judgment, enabled him to achieve 
success in his venture, and he has made good improvements on his 
fine little farm of thirty-five acres, the property having been paid for 
by him through his own exertions and good business management. 

Mr. Porter accords staunch allegiance to the republican party, 
and as a candidate on its ticket he was elected, in the autumn of 
1914, to the office in which he is now serving with marked efficiency 
and loyalty, that of township trustee. He is affiliated with the 

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Masonic fralernit)-, Lodge Xo. 337, and the IndcjKiidcnt Order of 
Odd Fellows, .Xo. 58, and he neeords liberal su])porl to the 3.Iethodisl 
Episcopal Church, of which his wife is a zealous member. IJis. 
homestead farm is about 5>^ miles distant from the A'illage of Rem- 
ington, which is his poslotifiee address and from which he receives 
the rural mail-delix-ery serx'ice. 

On the '/th of ]\Iarc)i, 1895, was solemnized the marriage of 
Mr. Porter to ]\Iiss Dorothea -\Iay, daughter of Robert May, and 
the four children of this union are: Lottie C, Dorothea S. (allec- 
tionately called Dot), Helen 'SL and Donald Burdett. The two elder 
daughters were graduated in the Remingtoti High Scliool and the 
family home is one known for its generous hospitality and good 
cheer, Mr. and >L-s. Porter and their cliildren being popular in the 
social activities of their liome community. 

Fred Lyons. .-V son of John 1,!. Lyons, whose name is so closely 
associated with the history of Brook, and whose career as a soldier, 
stock farmer, banker and public spirited citizen is told on other 
pages, Fred Lyons has inherited many of the worthy qualities of his 
father and for many years has been likewise an active figure in 
business affairs at Brook. 

Fie was born on his father's farm near Brook Ajiril 30, 1873. 
He grew up there, gained his education in the local schools, and at 
an early age became a responsible and active factor in father's 
business. He remained with his father until his twenty-fifth year, 
when he went into the grain business with \\'illiam E,s5on under the 
firm name of Lyon.s and Esson. This continued until 1903, and 
the name 'wris then changed to Lvons, Esson and Light. Tn 1910 
Mr. J. D. Rich bought a third interest in the business and the three 
partners have since conducted one of the largest grain buying and 
shipping enterprises in this section of Xorthwestern Indiana. 

Among other interests 'SJr. Lyons is owner of 556 acres of choice 
farming land in Jasper County. He is a very practical man, pro- 
gressive and enterprising, and is rdways ready to take his share of 
community burdens. He is an active member of the Knights of 
Pythias, of Brook Lodge Xo. 670. F. and A. M., belongs to the 
United Brethren Church and to the Ilaselden Golf Club and the 
Columbia Club of Indianapolis. 

On July II. 1901, I\Ir. Lyons married !\riss Laura Esson. They 
are the parents of five children : Pauline, Gladys, William B., 
Fielder A. and Fred Lyons Jr. 

J.\roi! A. M.w. Among the highly esteemed residents of Rem- 
ington, Jas])er County, there are many retired farmers of ample 
means, and one of lliese. -who is rich also in the experiences of life, 
is Jacob A. May, who is an honored survivor of the great Civil war. 
Althou,gh of Southern birth his life has been preferably spent in 


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Indiana, in which st;ilc, he, as well as other mcnihers of his family, 
are well and favorahly known. 

■Jacob A. May was born in Greenbrier County, Virginia, August 
23, TS46, and is a son of George and Mary (Ycagcr) May. In his 
infancy they left \'irginia and came to lasper County, Indiana, and 
here he grew to manhood and has made the county his permanent 
home. He has witnessed remarkable changes since the days when, 
as a boy, he helped his brothers herd cattle on the prairie, C|uite 
often seeing herds of deer and otlier wild animals, long since 
driven away by civilization. He attended school in those days at a 
point about three miles north of the present site of Remington, but 
the schoolhouse woidd not compare very favorably with many of 
the present day. His father was a practical man and all his sons, 
including Jacob A., had farm duties they were expected to perform. 
When about fifteen years old, inheritin.g forty acres from his father's 
estate, he started out for himself as a farmer, but on every hand 
men were enlisting for service in the Civil war, then in its second 
year, and he, too, decided to volunteer, with this object in view 
making his way to Indianapolis. When he reached there he learned 
that the regiment which he wished to enter had ceased enlistment, 
therefore, on June 9, 1862, near Pittsburgh, Pa., he became a 
member of Company A, Eleventh United States Regulars. The first 
engagement in which Mr. May participated was the battle of Antie- 
tam, following which were the engagements at Fredericksburg, and 
closely after the battles of Chancellorsville and Mine Run. When 
the battle of Gettysburg is mentioned in Mr. May's hearing, he 
probably proudly tells of the valor of his regiment, which went into 
that great struggle 240 strong and came out with i iS survivors, 
even if he does not mention that he here received a wound in the 
side. Following this came the battle of the \\'i]derncss and in this 
series of engagements he was captured by the Confederates and as 
a prisoner of war was taken to the prison at Anderson\ille and later 
to that at Florence. In conveying the prisoners from one point 
to another the captors drove the cajitises on in front so that no 
rear attack by the Federals could recapture them. It was because 
of this that Mr. May made a desperate attempt to get away and 
fortunately succeeded, and, after many hazardous adventures finally 
rejoined his regiment after the surrender of Richmond. Although 
at the time of enlistment he was little more than a child, not sixteen 
years old, he went through three years of army life with the courage 
and strength of a man, taking part in some of the greatest battles 
of the war. During the latter jiart of his service he transferred 
from Company A to Company P., in the same regiment. He was 
honorably discharged at Camp \\'inder, June q, 1865. 

Mr. Alay returned immediately to Jasper County and resumed 
his former interests, shortly afterward purchasing eighty acres of 
land. Carpenter Township school land, for whicli he paid $10 per 
acre, and to this he continued to add until now he owns 332>^ acres 

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of very prodiicli\-e land. ]n 1913 he moved lo Reniinglou, where he 
is most coniforlably estaUished, but has nol entirely given up over- 
looking his farm properties. 

On December 3, 186S, jaeob A. May was united in marriage 
with Miss Elizabeth Ann Ravcnscroft. She is a daughter of Har- 
mon and Mary (Fink) Ravcnseroff, who were natives of X'irginia. 
At the lime the war broke out between the states, the father of 
Mrs. May was n cajjtain of slate militia, and in order to avoid being 
forced into ilie war against the Union, he came with liis family to 
Jasper County and here he and wife passed the rest of their days. 
Mrs. May was born in \'irginia, August 28, 1848, and was a school 
girl when her parents came to Indiana. Five children were born to 
Mr. and Mrs. May: Elwood, who died at the age of fifteen years; 
Jessie, who died at the age of twelve years; Claude W., who is 
a farmer in Carpenter Township; llertrand, who is also a 
farmer in this township; and Artie, who died in infancy. 
Mr. May has never been an aspirant for political honors aUhough 
his advice has often been asked and followed concerning public 
matters. lie is atifiliated with the republican part}'. 

Geouge Welch. Although valuable and highly eulti\'ated land 
now surrounds the comfortable farm house of one of Carpenter 
Township's most respected citizens, George Welch, it seems but a 
short time, in listening to his interesting story of his settlement 
here, when all this section was wild prairie. An honorably dis- 
charged officer of the great Civil war, when, at its close he chose this 
section for his permanent home, he since has pursued the peace- 
ful pursuits of agriculture arid now owns eighty acres lying two 
miles east of Goodland, Indiana. 

George Welch was born January 2, 183S, in Hampshire, Eng- 
land. In 1852 he accompanied his parents, George and Sarah (Ifould) 
Welch, to the United States, the family settling in Onondago 
County, New York. In his native land he had school privileges, 
but after coming to America he largely made his own way in the 
world by his own labor. Ele listened to tales of the great West 
and at length decided to visit Brook, Indiana, starting in the spring 
of 1857 and reached Rensselaer, Jasper County. It was a time 
of high water and as the land was covered he had no opportunity 
to judge of its location or fertility there or chance to reach Brook, 
his intended destination, in Newton County. In i860 he was 
more successful and was li\-ing in the \-icinity of Brook when the 
call came from President Lincoln for soldiers to jireserve the life 
of the nation. 

George A\'elch did nol b.csitate long, for on April 25, 1861. he 
enlisted in Conip:niy II, Fifteenth Indiana \^oluntcer Infantry, 
\\ith which regiment he remained until it disbanded, when, as a 
veteran, he entered the Seventeenth Indiana Infantry and con- 
tinued in the service until the close of the war and was honorably 

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discharged August 8, 1S65. During this long period of sen-ice 
he had many hard experiences for lie took part in some of the 
greatest. battles of that war, these including Shiloh, Stone River, 
Perryville and Sclnia, .Mabania, and he was with that brave and 
soldierly body that accomplished what is known in history as the 
Wilson cavalry raid. Prior to his re-cnlistment his ^alor had won 
him jiromotion from private to corporal, to sergeant and to first 
sergeant, and after he veteranized he was made sergeant major 
of the Stvcnlcenth RcginieuL. It was at the battle of Scliiia that 
he received his wound. 

In 1865 Mr. Welch returned to Jasper County, Indiana, and 
bought eighty acres situated on Section 19, Range 7, West, in 
Carpenter Township, and this farm he still owns. It took hard 
and continuous work to make this land profitable under cultivation, 
but that he had expected, and during his many years of activity 
kept making improvements until no\\- he has one of the valuable 
farms' of the township. In recalling old da^'s when primitive 
customs prevailed in this section and neighbors were far apart, he 
says that during the entire first year that he lived in Jasper County 
he saw but one covered carriage. It was then an unusual possession 
and an indication of much affluence. 

On Januar}' 3, 1SG7, ;\Ir. ^^'elch was united in marriage with 
Miss Jane Moulton. She was of Scotch-Irish descesit and a daughter 
of Joseph M. and Eliza (Ilibbard) Moulton, residents then of 
Cicero, Nev,- York. To this marriage three children were born: 
Charles A., who is a resident of Carpenter Township, mar:ied 
Carrie E. Johnson, and they have two children, \'\^inona and Helen ; 
Herbert J., who is in the jewelrj' business at, Indiana, 
married Mae Lilves, and they have a daughter, IMyrtle; and ^A'llliam 
H., who is a resident of Antrim County, Michigan, near Alba, mar- 
ried Lenna Risbridger, and they have three children, Tola, Crystal 
and George. 

In his political sentiments Mr. "\^'elch has always been a repub- 
lican and, taking an interest in public matters in his county and 
advocating public improvements of all kinds, his views, when 
known, met with the approval of his fellow citizens as is evidenced 
by his frequent elections to office. With marked efficiency he 
served two terms as townshiji supervisor, was road super\'isor and 
for ten j'ears was a member of the townshij3 advisory board. Mr. 
Welch has not only been an excellent farmer, but has been a prudent 
investor and business man in other directions, and at present owns 
stock in the First National Bank of Goodland, and shares in the 
Newton County Loan and Savings Association of the same place. 
In his religious belief he is a Cfniversalist, while INIrs. Welch belongs 
to the Methodist Church, He is a valued comrade in the G. A. R. 
post at Goodland. 

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■ Mosfis SiGu. Ill traveling througli Jasper County, Indiana, a 
visitor cannot a\oi(l admiring some of the fine farms that are 
presented to view, and wiieii he enters Carpenter Townshi)) is 
sure to note the richl)' cultixated and well tilled land, 140 acres 
of which is the property of one of the representative men of this 
section, Moses Sigo, who, lor three years, served very efticiently 
in the office of lownsliip sujiervisor. ^Moses Sigo has been a 
farmer all his life and is well and favorably Imown all throngh 
this seciion of Indiana, and has resided on liis present place in 
Section 12 since 1891. 

looses Sigo was born April 16, 1S54, in Kankakee Count)-, Illi- 
nois, near Boiirbonnais, a son of Louis and Man' R. (Ta^dor) Sigo, 
natives of St. Johns, Canada. He grew to manhood in his native 
county, attending school wlien opportunity offered, in the meantime 
learning to be a careful farmer. He continued to li\'e in Illinois 
for two years after he had married and then nio\-ed to Benton 
County,' Indiana, for one }-ear engaging in farming near Eowler. 
From there he nio\ed to Newton County, Indiana, and for six 
years carried on farming operations near Kentland, removing then 
to near Wolcott, in \\'hite County. Two years later he moved to the 
Village of Remington and in the following year, 1891, settled on 
his present farm of 140 acres. Like all land in this vicinity it had 
to be properly drained in order to ensure profitable farming, and 
Mr. Sigo soon began his fine system of putting down tile and 
through his sensible and far-seeing methods has vastly increased the 
value of his land. He has never engaged in any other business, 
from boyhood finding himself more interested in tilling the soil 
and urging its production of all the rich products which sustain 
life, than in anything else. An agricultural life has brought him 
health, contentment and-independence. 

In Kankakee County, Illinois, January 7, 1880, J\lr. Sigo was 
united in marriage with Miss Philomene Beaudreau, who is a 
daughter of Cyprian and Palagie Beaudreau. Both parents of Mrs. 
Sigo are of French descent but they were born in Canada. A 
family of nine children has been born to Mr. and Mrs. Sigo, the 
most of whom live near home: Napoleon, the oldest, is a farmer 
in Carpenter township, married Lillian Lattimorc, and they have 
two children, Raymond and Inez; Cordelia, who is the wife of John 
Kolhoff; George, who is a resident of Jordan Township, married 
Isabel Luers, and they ha\e three children, Lloyd, lone and Robert ; 
Rose, who is the wife of Josejih Kolhoff, both the Kolhoft's being 
residents and farmers of Jordan Township; Emma, who is a 
Franciscan sister, is engaged in teaching in a parochial school at 
Memphis, Tennessee; Joseph E., who is a farmer near Goodiand, 
in Newton County, married Eva Ulm ; and \^ictor, Louise and 
John, all of whom live at home. Mr. Sigo and family are devout 
Catholics and members of the Sacred Heart Church at Remington. 
He belongs to the Catli(jlic Order of Foresters and at times has 

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filled offices in the order and lias served as a frnstcc of ll.e cinireh, 
and also of the Calholic Cemetery at Remington. 

Mr. Sigo has always \'0tcd with the democratic party, and when 
he lias heen elected to office it has been because his friends believed 
in his honesty and efficiency and not because he sought political 
honors. lie has b(,'en open in his advocacy of impro^•ed roads and 
drainage ditches, one of the latter running through his farm, bearing 
his name. Mr. Sigo is a well-informed man and a charitable one, is 
a good neighbor and loyal friend and is respected by all who know 
him in either business or private life. 

Jacoi! D. Rich, long and fa\orably known in Xewton County 
as a banker and grain merchant, is a lawyer !jy profession, hut has 
used his knowledge of the law largely to promote his own business 

He represents one of the old and jiromincnt families of North- 
western Indiana. Mr. Rich was born April 23, 1869, at the hoiue 
of his parents, three miles northeast of Goodland, and is the fourth 
of nine children— six sons and three daughters — born to William L. 
and Sarah Jane (Catterlin) Rich. The Rich family originally 
came, from North Carolina, but ^^'illiam I.. Rich was a native of 
Indiana and lived for a short time in Montgomery and Clinton 
counties. In 1867 he moved to Jasper County, wdierc he died 
August 20, 1916, at the age of seventy-six. He was a very success- 
ful old time farmer and stock raiser, and contributed his share to 
the elevation of the standards of that industry in this section of 
Indiana. Politically he was a democrat and w-as a member of the 
■ Christian church. Jacob D. Rich is the youngest of the three sons 
still living. Frank C, his oldest brother, is now the efficient county 
treasurer of Newton County living at Kentland, and the record of 
his career may be read on other pages. Walter E., the second 
brother, is president and manager of the Goodland Grain Company 
at Goodland, a $50,000 corporation, and is married and has three 

In the home of his parents Jacob D. Rich sj^ent the first nineteen 
years of his life. He received a good discipline at home in the 
work of the farm and also attended the public schools. After 
graduating from the Remington High School with the class of 1888 
he entered the normal department of \'aIparaiso University and 
for three years was a successful teacher in the schools of Jasper 
County. He then took up the study of law in the office of William 
Cummings, of Kentland, Indiana, and was admitted to the bar in 
1891. During the quarter of a century since his admission Mr. Rich 
has actively practiced only a few years. For a short time ho had a 
law office in \\'olcott. Indiana. He then became identified with 
the grain business at Foresinan, Indiana, where he remained three 
years, and in 1904 he located in Brook. 

Here he practiced law and at the same time was in the banking 

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business. Mr.. Rich was one of the organizers of the Citizens Bank 
which was operated nnfler the iirni name of Rich & Stonehill until 
they disposed of the institution to the Bank of Brook. On leaving- 
the hank ]\!i-. Ricli jjractieed law and engaged in the real estate 
business until 1910. In that }ear he became a third owner in the 
Lyons, Rich & Light Grain Company, and has since acquired inter- 
ests in various other grain elevators in other towns. 

1 Ic is largely interested in real estate both in Ja.sper and Newton 
counties and in North Dakota, lie is proprietor of what is known 
as The Richland Farm, four hundred acres of fine land in Iroquois 
Township of Newton County near Julian Station. Mr. Rich and 
Mr. Foresman are the sole owners of the Brook Reporter, one of 
the live journals of North\vestern Indiana. He has other important 

Mr. Rich is an active member of the Knights of Pythias, the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows at Brook, is a Royal Arch 
Mason and belongs to Brook Lodge Number 670, Free and Accepted 
Masons. Politically he is a republican. He does his part to promote 
religious and moral growth in this community and is an elder and 
trustee in the Christian Church, having held such a position since 
its organization in iSgh. 

On June 16, i8i;8, at Brook he married Miss Hallie A'ictoiia 
Sunderland. Mrs. Rich was born in Newton County, Indiana, June 
27, 1875, the youngest of si.x children, three sons and three daugh- 
ters, whose parents were William Clay and Victoria (Boyle) .Sun- 
derland. Her father was a native of Woodford County, Illinois, 
was educaterl in iiie jmlilic schools, was often employed as a teacher 
of music though his main vocation was farming. He was an ardent 
republican and he and his wife members of the Methodist Cliurch. 
Mr. Sunderland died at Brook in 191 2. His wife, who was born in 
Bureau County, Illinois, was educated in the common schools and 
finished her training in the Ladies Seminary at Princeton, 'Illinois, 
and for some years after coming to Indiana was a successfu! teacher. 
She died in 1903. 

Mrs. Rich's Ijrothers and sisters, all older than herself, are: 
Louis .'\., who is a contractor and builder at Brook and is married 
and has four children ; Clarence, a merchant at Brook, is married 
and has three children; Lillian is the widow of Fred R. Foresman, 
living at Brook and the mother of one daughter; Cora is the wife 
of Marcus Foresman, editor of the Brook Reporter. ]\Irs. Rich 
was educated in the public schools and in the high .school at Good- 
land, Indiana. She is an active member of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church at Brook and corresponding secretary of the ^\'eIfare Club, 
a club nf ]iromincnt ladies at Brook devoted to literature, music and 
art. Mr. and Mrs. Rich have one of the most beautiful and modern 
residences in Brook known as Fairview I-odge. A fine library 
of 300 volumes of choice literature attests their interest in .some of 
the best things of life, and reminiscent of his profession and 

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practice Mr. Rich also has about three Inmdrcd and fifty vohmies 
on law and kindred subjects. Their beautiful liome is one of those 
which tend to increase a rcj)utati(in so often associated witli Indiana 
homes where a gracious hospitality is extended to all the friends tliat 
pass the threshold. 

John W. Pjiei.I'S. A residence for more than forty-five years 
in Jasjjer County has made John W. Phelps one of his community's 
best known citizens, and the honoral)le and industrious life which he 
has led has given him a substantial place among its pco])lc. As 
a business man he has won a substantial success, and the esteem 
which he enjoys among his neighbors is indicated by his varied 
official jierformances in township and county. 

He is of New England stock, and his father, llenry C. rheljis, 
' moved out from Rarnet, A^ermont, to Manteno, Illinois, in 1863. and 
from there in 1869 brotight his family to Ja.spcr Comity, settling in 
Section ^;}, Range 6 \\'est, southeast of Remington, in Carpenter 
Township. From his farm he moved into the A^illage of Remington 
in 1879 and died there February 11, 1894. His body now rests in 
the Remington Cemetery. Henry C. Phelps was born ]\Iay 29, 
1826, a son of Antliony and Catherine Phelps, and se\-eral genera- 
tions back the ancestors of the Phel[)s family came from Scotland. 
On Ajjril 24, 1851, at liarnet, \'ermont, Hem'y C. Phelps married 
]\Tanon Warden, who was also of .Scotch descent. There were 
four children born to them. Ervine Henr}' married Josepliine 
Thomas, and both are now deceased; ^fark Anthony, who is 
deceased, married Clara A\'ells, and she lives in Chicago; John 
William is the next in age; and Lizzie Jeanetta married Tliomas 
Vandervort and they li^■e at Carson City, Nevada. The late Henry 
C. Phelps was a republican in politics, and for two years of his 
residence at Remington filled the office of justice of the peace, and 
was also a school trustee in Carpenter Township. He and his wife 
were members of the Presbyterian Church. At one time he owned 
240 acres of land in Jasper County, but a short time before his 
death suffered considerable losses in consequence of in\-estments in 
California. He enjoyed much esteem in Jasper County, where he 
lived for many years, and had the sterling honesty and integrity 
which commanded respect. His wife, Marion Phelps, was born 
November 9, 1823, and died February to. 1905, and was laid to 
rest in the Remington Cemetery. 

Jo'hn William Phelps is himself a native of \'erniont, born at 
Barnet, .August 4, 1858. He was only a child when the family 
moved out to Illinois, and has lived in Jasjier County ahnost con- 
tinuously since he was eleven years old. \Miiie educated in the 
country and identified with farming up to the age of about twenty- 
five, he then moved to town and for twenty years was a successful 
dealer in implements and hardware at Remington. During ten 
years of this time he bought horses, and it is estimated that alto- 

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gethcr lie shipped more than 3,500 animals to Clhcago market. 
For the past eleven years Mr. Phelps has heen in the real estate 
and insurance business, and has a large clientage in and around 

In 18S3 he married .Miss Anna E. Dickman, a daughter of 
Peter II. and Alvina C. (lieck) Dickman. Mr. Phelps has two 
children, Henry and Lena M. The son, Henry, is showing his 
enterprise by successfully conducting the Hilltop Progressive Truck 
]>'arni at Remington. For many years Mr. Phelps has been one of 
the active re]iublicans in his part of Jasper County. He has 
sen-ed as township assessor for the past six years, and was re-clecicd 
to that ofiicc in the fall of 1914, and has three more years to serve. 
In 1909 he was appointed to the town board of Remington to hll 
out the unexpired term of \\'iriiam York, and in 191 1 was regularly 
elected to that position for four years, his term exjiiring in the 
fall of 1915. He and his wife are members of the Presbyterian 
Church, and he is affiliated with the Modern Woodmen of America 
at Remington. He has town property both in the City of Wabash 
and Remington, and his home in Remington is on the edge of the 
town, and his comfortable house is surrounded by a large tract of 
ground used by his son for gardening and trucking ])urposes. 

John Hudsox. The activities by which he has become best 
known in Jasper and Newton counties are those of farming and 
stock ral-^ing, N\hich Mi: lUuison carries on at his farm of 270 acres 
six miles northeast of Goodiand in Carpenter Tovv-nsbip. For nearly 
thirty years he has been a hard working and prospering farmer 
citizen of this section, and his name probably signifies as much in 
the way of real nccompli-hnu-nt as that of any other resident of 
Carpenter Township. 

Born in Cook County, Illinois, December 24, 1854, John Hudson 
is a son of George and Eliza (Gee) Hudson, both of whom were 
born in England, came to America in the late '40s, and spent the 
rest of their lives in Cook County, Illinois. It was in that county 
and in the vicinity of Chicago that John Hudson grew up and 
gained his early education. At the age of eighteen he went West 
to Rice County, Kansas, spent one )-ear farming there, and then 
came to Goodiand in Newton County, and for two years was 
enij)loyed on the old Colonel Straght Farm. His next location was 
near Julian, where he continued farming eight years, and then, in 
1886, moved to Carpenter Township, locating in Section 6, where 
he has had his home no^v for thirty years. 

On j\Iarch 14, 18S2, Mr. Hudson married Elizabeth Mather, 
daughter of S. P. and Julia (Conger) IMather, who were both natives 
■of New York State and of old Yanl<ee slocl:. To their marriage 
Vv'cre born sc\'en children. Rertba A., the oldest, is now deceased. 
Mabel E. is tiie v.-ife of Fred Forem-in and they live in Iroquois 
Township of Newton County. Clara B. married Arthur Clinton, 

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and they live half a mile west of Ade in Newton County. George 
M. married Nora Branson and lives in Carroll County, helwcen 
Burnctlsville and Lockport. Florence L. and Maude E. hoth live 
at home, while Julia, the youngest, is now deceased. 

In politics ;\lr. Hudson is a repulilican, and has exercised a good 
deal of influence in local aflairs, though lie has never been a sceker 
for office. He has been in favor of all public improvements, and 
his own farm reflects some of his ideals as a business manager and 
has been not without value as an example of good farming manage- 
ment. He also owns property in Goodland and elsewhere. 

CHAKLE.S E. AIe.\d.\l. A yoimg farmer who brought his wife 
and established himself in tlie iine rural district of Carpenter Town- 
shij) seventeen years ago, Charles Meadal since then has made 
his name and influence count for a great deal in the affairs of his 
immediate locahty and the county at large. Air. ]\Ieadal has for 
several years been identified with county politics, and is now a 
member of the county council. He has one of the fine farms located 
on Rural Route No. 3 out of Remington, and predicating his 
future on the accomplishment of the past it is safe to predict 
-that Charles Aleadal will for luany years be one of the forces of 
progress and ciilightenmenl in liis part of the county. 

An Illinois man by birth, he was born at Downers Grove, 
in DuPage County, October 27, 1872, a son of Charles and I.cna 
(Hickel) Meadal. His father was born in New York .State, though 
of .German ancestry, while his mother was a native of Germany. His 
father has spent all his active career as a farmer, is a German 
1-utheran, a republican in politics, and still lives at Downers Grove, 

Charles Meadal had his rearing and early training in DuPage 
County, Illinois, attended the local schools there, and after those 
exjjericnces and occupations common to most young men he married 
and immediately after that event, in the spring of 1898, came to 
Jasper County, locating on Section 22, Range 7 West of Carpenter 
•Township. That has been the scene of his sturdy endeavor,? as a 
farmer and stock feeder down to the present writing. 

Mr. Meadal was married in his nati\e county to Lena \'eitl], a 
daughter of Fred and Sarah (Schwcichart) Veitb, both of whom 
were natives of Germany. To their marriage were born four 
children; Howard, now deceased; Clarence E., Ruth and Marion, 
all of them at home. 

As a republican Mr. Meadal served four years on the townsliii.i 
advisory board, and in April, 1914, was a]>pointed a member of 
the Jasper County Council, and was regularly elected to that office 
for the term of two years in the fall of loi-j. Since July i, 1915, 
he has been assistant couiUy superintendent of roads. He has 
been a factor in local impro\'enicnts and one ex'idcnce of this is 
theAIeadal Ditch, wliich runs through sections 21, 22, 27 and 28 

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o/ Carpenlcr Tiiwiiship, and \vhicli starts un the land compiiseil 
within his own farm. ]\lr. .Meadal is ])roprictor of i6o acres, 
situated 3^-4 miles northwest of Ivcmington. He uses his land 
for general farming and sloelc raising purposes, and usually feeds 
some three or four carloads of cattle for the Chiacgo market each 
year. He also owns some slock in the Fanners Co-operative Ele- 
vator Comjiany at Remington. Mr. Meadal is a member of the 
German l-titheraii Church, wliile JNIrs. Aleadal is a Presbyterian. 
He is aftlliated vrith the Knights of Pythias Lodge, No. 58, at 

PoiJiCKT F. Ikwi:^. Now one of the prosperous farmers in Car- 
penter Township, Robert F. Irwin is a man whose success, which is 
of a large and worthy nature, has been won entirely as the result 
of his own well directed elTorts. Coming to Jasper County at the 
age of twenty-two, only recently discharged from the army with 
which he had fought for the sake of the Union, he had very little 
except his industry to depend upon as a means of advancement. In 
a few years he married, bought a small farm, and around that as a 
nucleus has built up in some forty or forty-five years one of the 
excellent agricultural properties in the township. Throughout his 
career he has been public spirited in liis attitude toward local 
improvements, and stands high in the regard of his fellow men 
wherever known. 

His parents were \\"iniam and .Sarah Ann (Cottingham) Irwin, 
the former a native of Kentucky and the- latter of Delaware. The 
Irwins were originally from Scotland. \\'hen a very young man 
William Irwin mo\'ed to Hamilton County, Indiana, and lived there 
until 1S65, W'hcn he moved to Jasjier County, and in the spring of 
that year settled in Carpenter Townsliij), which was his home uritil 
his death. In early days he followed the trade of shingle making, 
but on the whole was a farmer. Robert F. Irwin has one brother, 
John A. Irwin, who li^'es at Brook in Newton County. 

Robert F. Irwin was born August 6, 1844, in a log house eight 
miles south of Noblesville in Hamilton County, in that environment 
he grew up, and at home and in school heard and learned much of 
the current agitation and discussions concerning slavery, and lived 
amidst the rumors of Civil warfare until he was about twenty years 
of age, when he enlisted Alarch 31, 1864, at Indianapolis, in Com- 
pany I of the Twenty-sixth Indiana A'olunteer Infantry. He went 
South with his command and was stationed at New Orleans and also 
participated in the siege of Mobile. He remained in the service 
for a number of months after actual hostilities had closed, and 
was finally given his honorable discharge at Indianapolis January 
24, 1866. He then rejoined his parents, who in the meantime had 
moved to Carpenter Township, and soon afterwards began his 
career as a farmer, which has now been continuous for almost half 
a century. 

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On December 22, 1S70, Afr. Irwin married Elizabeth A. Bauchcrt, 
a dau-lUcr of Jacob and Mary Baiiclierl, who were of Pennsylvania 
Dutch stock, but lived for many years in Mamilton County, Indiana. 
Of the seven children born lo their marriage one died in infancy. 
The daughter Clara is now deceased. Celia M. married Levi Whit- 
moycr and they live in Noblesville and arc the parents of four 
children. Julia M. lives at home. Carrie married William Pender 
and they ]i\-c at ^Jag-dalena, New Mexico, their two children being 
Elizabeth and William. Walter married Bertha liryan and lives in 
Powell, \\'yoniing. Fa^e L. is still at home. 

In the spring of 1872 Mr. Irwin moved to his present farm 
in .Section 16, Range 6 \\'est. Carpenter Township, and with that 
one locality his activities have been identified now for fully forty- 
three years. ITe owns eighty acres of land, all well improved and 
cultivated, and his home is 3^^ miles northeast of Remington. Mrs. 
Irwin died December 5, 1913, after they had lived together for nearly 
forty-three years, and she was laid to rest in the Remington 

ilr. Irwin as a fanner has combined general agriculture with 
stock raising to a degree of success that makes him now practically 
independent. He is a republican who has usually voted for the 
man in local affairs. He has himself lilled some of the important 
offices of local resijonsibility, and was a member of the township 
advisory board fourteen years, and township sui)crvisor one term. 
He is a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church and belongs to 
Remington Post No. 74, Grand Army of the Republic. 

Gkorge H. Mi'Kr'iiEV. If there is one family name more than 
another which the little City of Morocco honors it is that of 
Murphey. The town and business comnmnit) are to be congratu- 
lated on the fact that one of its livest and most energetic merchants 
is a grand.son of the founder of the city. 

His grandfather, John ]\Iurplie_v, came from Ohio in early days, 
first settling in Lafayette, Indiana, and then moving as a pioneer to 
what was then Jasi)er County. He located on the site of Morocco, 
where he pre-em])ted 160 acres of government land. A man of 
great enterprise, foresight and liberality, he soon laid out a town, 
the first plat of which comprised only four blocks or scjuares. From 
that time forward John Murphey took the lead in promoting every 
movement of benefit to that community. He platted other land, 
and in every way laid the foundation for the present thriving city, 
which has its business houses, its homes, its schools, churches and 
is one of the best centers of trade antl business in the two counties. 
He was a charter member of tlie Methodist Church, did much for 
the upbuilding of that denomination and of other churches in the 
tovv-n, and the first sermon p;-eached in iMorocco was in his residence. 
He was an active republican. 

William Murphey, the father of George H. of jNforocco, was 

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Ijorn near ].!altle (iromid, Indiana, AJay 23, 1831, and died at his 
home in ^Morocco, Fcliruary 6, 1905, aged sevcnty-tlirec years, eight 
months and twelve days. He was a typical pioneer of Newton 
County, coming with his parents to this county in 1S43. He spent 
most of his life here, with the exception of eighteen years in Illinois. 
He wedded ]\Iiss Luvina Roadruck April 3, 1851, and fne children — 
four sons and one daughter — were horn to union. The 
daughter died in infcUic) and the sons were George II., John B., 
Ira ^V. and \\'illiani E. 

Soon after the organization of Lodge No. t,/^. Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows, in Morocco, he hecanie a member, and he 
was also a devout member of the Methodist ICpiscopal Church and 
was one of the staunch supporters of its doctrines. He was a man 
of the strictest integrity and honesty of character, and he inculcated 
those beautiful principles into the minds and hearts of his sons. The 
members of the Alurphey family are citizens who have always been 
ready and willing to do their part in the advancement of all meas- 
ures and policies for the upbuilding of the count)- spiritually, morally 
and intellectually. They favor good churches and tlie e.vcellent 
school system for whicli Indiana is noted. 

Mrs. Murphey died September 20, 1907, in Morocco. For fifty- 
four years, more than a half century, Mr. and Mrs. William 
Murphey had traveled the journey of life liand in hand, sharing alike 
its joys and sorrows. .She was an estimable lady, a loving and 
afteclionate wife and a grand and noble mother to her children. 
She was born in Warren County, Indiana, November 23, 1S34, 
and educated in her native state. From the time she was a little 
maiden of twelve years she was a member of the Methodist Episco- 
pal Church. 

George H. ■\Iurphey, a son of William and Eu\ina ( 1-loadruck) 
I\Ivn-pliey, was born in Morocco January 11, 1852. George 
Murphey was the oldest of the five children of his parents. At the 
age of twenty-one, on May 13, 1873, he married ~\Iiss Flora Frances 
Graves, and there was one child born to that union, Bessie L., who 
married Edwin Hamillon, and lie is engaged in the dredge business 
on a large scale. Mr. ]\Iurphey afterward married Miss Stella 

Mr. Murphey has been in business in Morocco for over thirty-five 
years, and is one of the oldest merchants of Newton County. A 
number of years ago he established a partnership with Mr. Joseph 
Kennedy, and since then they have conducted one of the leading 
dry goods and grocery houses of ]\rorocco, Mr. Murphey being now ■ 
the active manager of that enterprise. He is affiliated with the 
Masonic and Knights of P)1hias fraternities at Morocco. 

CiiARLKS Dluz.m;. Had agricultural and industrial conditions 
been easier than the)' were in Rosen, Germany, fifty )-ears ago, it 
is probable that that province would not have lost such worthy 

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people as the DIuznks, wlio came from there to the United States 
in 1865. The head of the family was Jacob Dhizak. lie was of 
old Tolish ancestry. They were accompanied to America by their 
children, Cliarles, at that time being tweh-e years old. 

diaries Uluzak, who is one of Jasper County's respected men 
and substantial farmers, was born April 23, 1853, in the Village 
of ;\Il3i)ka\o, Posen, Germany, and thus was old enough to enjoy 
and remember the adventures of the long journe}' by land and 
sea that separated the old home fiom the new. After reaching' the 
United States the family located first south of Michigan City, 
Indiana, moving from there to Poricr County, and later to Aiomence, 
in Kankakee County, and from there to Jasper County, reaching 
Remington in 1875. Thi^ parents died in Indiana, the father surviv- 
ing until September, 1914, and both father and mother rest in the 
Catholic cemetery at Remington. 

Being strong and sturdy and very industrious, Charles Dluzak 
had no difficulty in hnding employment and after coming to Jasper 
County made general farming his main business. His father in 
those early days had often told of the Iieaxy yields of grain, m'illet, 
flax, hemp and tobacco on the farms in I'osen and of the green hop 
fields of their nati\e land and at that time it is prol.iable that Charles 
had lilllc idea tliat the day would come when more than lliese 
crops would be produced abundantly on liis own land and through 
his own labor, in Jasper County. Through hard work and excellent 
management he soon began to acquire land, and now owns 367 
aeres, favorably located, lying 404 miles northwest of ]\eminglon, 
Indiana. He is also one of the stockholders in the ]'";u-niers' Co- 
operative Elevator Comji.any, at that place. He is acconntcil one of 
the leading !nen of Carpenter Township, although he has never 
allied himself with any political party and has never sought any 
public ofifice. He votes intelligently for the man he believes will 
best serve the people and make the commurlity safe and law-abiding. 

Charles Dluzak was married in 1881 to Miss Katherine Ulm, 
of German and French descent, and a daughter of James and Eva 
(Eck) Ulm, well known peoi)le of Carpenter Township. To this 
marriage the following children were born : Justina Ann, who resides 
with her parents; Charles IT, who is a resident of Wabash County, 
married Alice Car\'er; Lillian, who is deceased; John H. and Albert 
E., both of whom give tlieir father help on the home farm ; Aloysius, 
who is now deceased; Evalyn M., who married Laliie Hill; Allie, 
who married A'erne Peters, a resident of Wabash County; and 
Florence L. and Lorene M., both of whom reside at home. This 
family belongs to the Sacred Heart Catholic Church at Remington. 
Mr. Dluzak is a member of the Catholic Order of Foresters at this 

John ^^"IIXI.\lM Rv.\n. If any citizen of Newton County 
deserves credit for his s: xess won by hard work beginning in early 



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boyhood and a constanl display of energy and close application, it 
is John William Ryan, lie has been through all the grades of 
service, office boy, clerk, traveling salesman, jiniior partner and 
senior partner, and no (me could justly begrudge him his en\iable 
position in the community. 

The record of his life begins with his birth at Lafayette, Indiana, 
on October 31, 1S62. His parents, John William and Bridget (Cun- 
ningliam) Ryan, natives of Ireland, came to the United States in 
1854, and lived in Lafayette. Indiana, for a number of years. In 
j\Iay, 1863, six months after the son's birth, the family moved to 
Kentland. Mhcre the father was in the mercantile business there 
until his death (iii Mav 27, i8''>Q, being one of the pioneer business 
men of the village. Bridget Cunningham Ryan after his death 
continued to reside in Kentland until she passed away in May, 
1909. Her two surviving children are John W. and Mamie Ryan. 

Six years of age whcti his father died, John W. Ryan spent bis 
boyhood in conditions of slender resources and did not have tlie 
privilt^ge of attending school after he was eleven years old. At that 
age he became and for some years continued as the bread winner 
for his mother and sister. He proved his ability and made himself 
useful to the prominent old merchant and founder of the town, 
A.' J. Kent, working as clerk in hi-; general store. He remained with 
]\Ir. Kent until the latter's death. In May, 1882. the business was 
taken over by Mrs. Kent, and Mr. Ryan continued under the new 
organization until she passed away, wdien the old firm was closed 
out. ^^'ith this experience as a country merchant, i\Ir. Ryan then 
became traveling representative for Arbuclsle Brothers of New 
York. After some years on the road he took the junior partnership 
in the firm of Keefe & Ryan at Kentland, and with the death of 
Mr. Keefe formed a partnership with C. C. Kent as senior in the 
firm of J. W. Ryan & Company, which is one of the largest mer- 
cantile organizations in Xewton County. 

At the same time Mr. Ryan has taken a ]xiblic spirited part in 
local affairs. In 1884 he was elected clerk of the Town of Kent- 
land. Politically he is a democrat. He is a charter member, stock- 
holder and a director of the Kent State Bank. Other associations 
are with the Catholic Church, the Knights of Columbus at Kentland 
and the Hazelden Golf Chili. On .'\pril 21, 1908, Mr. Ryan was 
married in Chicago to Mrs. Natalie Frailey Cones, daughter of 
Joseph Frailey. 

Fr.\nk Kexxkdv, M. D. a physician is usually content to have 
his abilities appreciated and known in the one community wliere he 
resides and carries on his practice. 

Born at Paragon, Indiana, April 17, 1879. Dr. Frank Keimedy 
is a son of John and .\nna (Laughlin) Kennedy, both of whom were 
natives of ^Morgan County, Indiana, and of Scotch-Irish descent. 
Doctor Kennedy's great-grandfather was Peter Kennedy, an early 

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setllcr in Kentucky in tlie ];)crio(l closely following the Revolution, 
and he was cajiturcd an<l held prisoner for some time hy the Indians 
in tiiat state. His maternal grandfather, Richard Laughlin, came 
from South Carolina to Owen County, Indiana, as one of the earliest 
pioneers of that section. Doctor Kennedy's father was horn in 
Morgan County, Indiana, in 183-', and is still li\ing at the age of 
eighty-three in Paragon. He likewise has given his active career 
to the profession of medicine. 

Dr. Frank Kennedy was reared in Paragon, attended the com- 
mon schools there, the high school at }vlartins\ille, was a student 
in the Uni\-ersity of Indiana, and then entered the ^ledical College 
of Indiana, where he graduated in 1902. For a year he was con- 
nected as an interne with the Cit)' Dispensary at Indianapolis, and 
also spent ahout a year as ]ihysici;m in the Julietta Insane Hos])ital. 
Since 1903 Doctor Kennedy has been located at Goodland and was 
associated in practice with Doctor Pratt until the latter's retire- 
ment. He is a member of the jasjier and Newton County Medical 
Society, the Indiana State Medical .Association, the American Medi- 
crd Association, and the American .A.s.'^ociation of Railway Surgeons. 
He is also local surgeon at Goodland for the Chicago & Eastern 
Illinois Railway. 

In 1907 he married .Mary E. Hardy. Her mother is Emma D. 
(.Strawn) Hard)', and both the Strawn and Hardy families were 
early settlers in Newton County. To their marriage has been born 
one child, Richard H. Doctor Keriuedy is afiiliated with the Masonic 
Lodge and the Knights of Pythias at Goodland. He is a director of 
the First National Bank of that town. 

Ahosy.o E. PuKKE's-. It is not oid}' as a prosperous agriculturist 
but also as a business man and puljlic official that Alonzo E. Purkey 
is known to the community of Morocco and Newton County, where 
he has spent practically all his life. The Purkey family has been 
identified with Newton County more than sixt}- years, and all the 
various members have been noted for hard working ability and 
shrewd business judgment. 

Brought to this county when a small child, Mr. Purkey was born 
September 13, 1S53, near Knightslown in Henry County, Indiana. 
His parents, Clayliorn L. and .Sarah .\nn ( Carmichael) Purkey, 
moved to Henry County, Indiana, from Tennessee, a short time 
before the birth of their son. Cla)born L. Purkey was a shoemaker 
by trade, and after removing to Newton County in 1856 he followed 
that occupation in ^Morocco. He lived a long and useful life, fifty 
years of which were spent in Newton County, and his death 
occuired in 190G. .Mr. Purkey's mother died in 1863, v. ben he was 
ten years o! age. The paternal ancestry is traced liack to German 
stock and from that country the great-grandfather emigrated to 
North Carolina. Clayborn L. Purkey was a member of the IVleth- 
odist Church and was closely identified Viith that denomination in 

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Newton County for half a century, rolitically lie was a democrat. 
In a family of ten children, seven are .still li\'ing, with Alonzo E. 
Purkey the oldest. 

The first twent)--one years of his life he spent in the liome of 
his father. During that time he ac(juired his education in the puhlic 
schools of Morocco and on leaving home he began an active career 
as a farmer. Pie also followed teaming until 1882, and then engaged 
in the mercantile business at Morocco. After two years he opened 
a stock of drugs and hardware, and was identified with those lines 
from 1S84 to 1893. Early in President Cleveland's second admin- 
istration he was a])pointcil jiostmaster of Morocco, and filled the 
office imtil 1897. Me then resumed the drug business under the 
name Alonzo E. Purkey i1 .Son, and for the past twenty years the 
leading drug house of lyiorocco has been conducted under that name 
and title. 

Politically Mr. l-'urkcy is a stanch democrat. lie served as jus- 
tice of the peace and for three years as a member of the school board 
of Morocco. In 1904 he was elected county auditor of Newton 
County, a position he filled until 1909, and while in that office his 
son, Jesse R. Purkey, conducted the drug store. An enthusiastic 
Mason, Mr. Purkey is affiliated with Morocco I^odgc No. 372, 
Ar.cicnt ]*>ee and .\ccc]ited [Masons, with the I^oyal Arch Chapter 
and with the Council at Monticello. 

Mr. Purkey was married in ^Morocco by Elder D. ^I. Johnson to 
Miss Cynthia Iva Road ruck, a daughter of Penjamin F. and 
Cathei-ine (.Stoner) Roadruck. I4er parents came from Germany, 
first settling in Ohio, and in the very early days coming to Newton 
County, Indiana, where her father followed farming. Benjamin 
Roadruck died at Morocco A])ril 24, 1877, aged seventy-four years, 
eleven montlis and twenty-six days. He was born in Plampshire 
County, \'irginia, April 28, 1801. In 1807 ^''•s parents came to 
Carleton County, Ohio. In 1823 he wedded Elizabeth James. They 
settled in ^^^arr^n County. Indiana, in 1829, and were among the 
earliest inliabitants there. r\Irs. Roadruck died April 14, 1840, the 
mother of seven children. On ^lay 3, 1843, Mr. Roadruck married 
Catherine Stoner, and she was the mother of six children. 

In 1867 Benjamin Roadruck went to the wilds of Minnesota, on 
the homestead plan, but returned in 1875. While in Minnesota he 
encountered many dangers with the Indians, and he often related 
the incidents and hair breadth escapes from the red men of his 
eight years of pioneer life in the w'ilds. Many a time he would sit 
up all night long with his rifle to protect himself and family from 
the red men, and it was necessary at one time for him to treat with 
the Indians in the shape of '^Cio worth of furs and other commodi- 
ties to save their lives, all because of the killing of an Indian dog. 

\A'hen quite young Mr. Roadruck joined the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, and ever remained a faithful and consistent member. Of 
"Father" Roadruck it can truly be said : •'Servant of God, well 

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done." Me will long be remembered as an lioaest and upright man, 
and the following lines are dedieated to his memorj-: 

"Finished th_v work, then go in peace ; 
Life's battle fought and won, 
Hear from the throne the Master's voice, 
'Weir done. Well done.' " 

Mr. and ?\Irs. Purkey became the parents of ten children, and 
the seven now living are Jesse R., Mattie Louie Amy, Grover B., 
Carrie Lucile, Warren Bayard, Esther C. and Alonzo E. 

The eldest son, Jesse R., is one of the leading young men of 
Morocco, Indiana. He was educated in the Morocco schools and 
graduated from Purdue Uni\ersity with the class of 1903 as a 
pharmacist. He is a High Alaroon, afirliated with Lodge No. 372, 
A. F. & A. :\1., at Morocco, with the Ro)al Arch of Kentland, the 
Scottish Rite at Indianapolis and is a thirty-second degree Mason and 
Shrincr. He is a democrat and is secretary of the Newton County 
Democratic Central Committee. He is a stockholder of the Rexall 
Stores. Mattie Louie Amy is the wife of Charles D. r^Iartin, who is 
manager of the Grand Ridge (111.) Lumber Comjjany. They have 
one son, \'erlc. Mrs. IMartin was educated in the Morocco High 
School and the Kentland High School. Grover P.. Purkey is a 
graduate of the Kentland High School and took a four years' course 
in Purdue University in pharmaceutical chemistry. He is now chemist 
for Eli Lilly & Co. of Indianapolis, tie is a democrat and a Royal 
Arch Mason of Indianapolis. Carrie Lucile is the wife of Everett 
Camblin, an agriculturist of Morocco. She was educated in the 
Morocco schools and also received a hospital training in Chicago as 
a nurse. They have one daughter. Mrs. Camblin is a member of 
the Christian Church at ^^lorocco and Mr. Camblin is a democrat 
and a member of the Democratic Central Committee, ^\'arren 
Bayard was educated in ^Morocco schools and is now a freshman in 
Purdue University. Esther C. is now in the lirst year of high school 
at Morocco. Alonzo E. is a sophomore in the Morocco High School 
and is an enthusiast on athletics, especially foot ball. 

John L. Cookc. The jiharmacisl conducting a modern drug 
store, occupies a very prominent place in the business life of .a 
community. His profession ranks with those of physician and 
dentist for his professional knowledge nnist be so complete that it 
will enable him, in filling their prescriptions, to detect any failure or 
fault that would render them fatal, under any conditions. Hence, 
a qualified druggist in the twentieth century is \-ery likely to be a 
man of scientific attainments, and, on. account of the res])onsiIjility 
resting upon him in tlie required handling of pure drugs only, he 
develops a keen business sense in order to protect himself and his 
customers. The handling of drugs and medicinal preparations is 
an old occupation and there are druggists }ct living who can recall 

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wlien sonic remedies were put on the market, the comjjonding of 
which was a mystery and the component parts \-alueless as curative 
agents. I'erhaps all these preparations ha\e not yet been eliminated 
by the present protective laws, bnt, in the majority of cases a patron 
of a drug store may feel safe in purchasing when the druggist 
assumes responsibility for the purity and eflicacy of the drugs he 
sells. Goodland, Indiana, has a drug store in which it has full 
confidence. Its proprietor, known to almost every resident, is John 
L. Cooke, Avho has been in tliis professional line all his business life, 
the greater part of which has been passed in this city. 

John L. Cooke was born in Lawrence County, Indiana, October 
14, 1857, and is a son of Jacob L. and Alarlha II. (I'ottcr) Cooke. 
The Cooke family came to America from ]£ngland and settled early 
in Virginia, where the grandfatlier of John L. Cooke, Lawson 
Cooke, was born and reared. Suliscquently he came to Indiana and 
settled in Orange County and there his son, Jacob L. Cooke, was 

In early manhood, Jacob L. Cooke mo\-ed from Orange to 
Lawrence County, Indiana, in which county he was married to 
Martha A. Potter, who was of German and Irish ancestry. Four 
children were born to this marriage: Mary Ruth, dying an infant; 
Nancy .\., wlio married James D. ^^'oodburn, and they live near 
I'owler, in Bcn.ton County, Indiana; John L. ; and Delia M., who is 
the wife of L. li. Jordan and they reside at Indianapolis. 

In iSuS Jacob L. Cooke removed his family to Newton County, 
Indiana, but three months later decided to locate on a farm in 
Union Township, Benton County, situated live miles southeast of 
Goodland, which land he cultivated for se\en years. lie moved then 
to Fov.der and in 1875 engaged in farming at Lafayette, two years 
later removing to Talbot. Mr. Cooke continued in business there for 
three years when he moved to ^Missouri, v/here he engaged in farni- 
ing for tv\0 years and then returned to Indiana, in 1883 taking up 
his residence at Goodland. From 1885 to 1888 he resided in Western 
Kansas, returning then to Goodland, where he lived retired until his 
death, April 20, 1895. He was one of the early members of the 
Methodist Church at Goodland and throughout life a consistent 
professor of that faith. He was a member of the Masonic Lodge in 
this city. 

John L. Cooke remained with his jxircnls until he was seventeen 
years of age. He then became a clerk and student in the drug store 
of Dr. J. A. Lovett, at Fowler, Indiana, coming to Goodland after 
two years, and continued in the same line, with others in the business • 
uiUil 1907, when he established his ])resent Rcxall I^rug Store, which 
he yet conducls. In aildicion [n the full line of drugs and drug 
sundries carried by c\-ery modern establishment, i\Ir. Cooke 
has a large and well selected stock of specialties, and his honorable 
business methods, co\ering so many years, have contributed to his 
present i)rosperity. 

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Mr. Cool<c was married on Ajiril 20, iHyg. to Miss ]'"I(ira L. 
Hojjkins, who died September 14, 1,^85, wilhout issue. ( )ii January 
II, 1888, lie was united in marriage will) Miss I.ydia A. Allen, who 
is a daughter of John antl Nancy Allen, of Brookston. Mr. and 
Mrs. Cooke ha\e four ehildren: Raymond A., who is a resident of 
Indianapolis; and I'auline. Lawson J., ;ind John 1'.., all of whom 
reside at home. 'J"he f.unily belong to the MethodisI l'".])isco]ial 

In jjolities ;\lr. Cookr is a n-publican. He has been a useful, 
steady citizen without e\er being willing to aeccj)! political prefer- 
ment or any ci\ic oifice. He is" financially independent, owning 
valuable city really, and is treasurer and ;i member of the board of 
directors of the Newton County Eoan and Sa\ings Association. He 
is identified with no fraternal organization except the Masons and 
has been a member of Goodland Lodge Xo. 445 since 1882. 

St.\te Tru.'^t ,\.\n Savi.xgs Bank. In the days wheri the finan- 
ciers of great nations at war, find it necessary to ajipcal for help to 
other than their own money institutions and turn to America, an 
op]Xirtunity arises for peojjle of the United States to stand back and, 
with new appreciation, \-iew their banks anrl bankers, 'i'ak'ing in 
the significance of this mo\-ement, the real, substantial strengtli of 
the country is eloquently shown and its proudly claimed soun.d 
foundation ]iroved. The industry and thrift that enables the people 
to accunndate fortunes, has been ably sn|:i]ilem;'nled by the business 
acumen of l.iankers, men tr.ained in the financial field, who safely 
handle and in\est these fortunes, tlicreby creating the solid basis 
upon which rests the great financial structure of banking. 

The banking laws of Indiana, as in other states, ha\'e been con- 
sidered in many a legislative session in order to assure to dej^ositors 
in every department, the safety of their funds. But, while every 
state institution of this kind may be fully trusted under the law, 
nevertheless there must be preferences with the cautious investor. A 
bank that has wide financial connections providing for every amount 
of liability, and with ofiicials whose pro\cd integrity and high per- 
sonal standing may justly be reckoned as assets, appeals to the 
majority of those having capital either to invest or to dejiosit and 
thereby prospers. In this class stands the State Trust and .Savings 
Bank of Goodland, Indiana. 

This institution was organized at Goodland, December 19, 1912, 
the officers and board of directors under the temporary organiza- 
tion being: John T. Hameton, president; Tliomas Snell, vice presi- 
dent; C. O. Holmes, secretary and treasurer; and John T. Hameton, 
Henry T. Griggs. A. G. Jak-way, W. W. \\'ashburn, T. T. Snell and 
C. O. Holmes, as directors and organizers. 

The first permanent ofiicers were: A. J. Jakway, president; T. T. 
Snell, vice president; C. O. Holmes, secretary and treasurer; and 
J. F. \^'eil, teller, the board of directors remaining tlie same. 

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In March, 1913, K. JM. Shcpanl was elected casliier and teller and 
continued in this office until }»larch, 1915, when H. J. iJrook became 
cashier, being the present incumbent. In November, 1914, James 
Bell succeeded A. J. Jakway as president. The present officers are: 
James Bell, president; John T. llameton, vice president; and M. J. 
Brook, cashier. The following capitalists make up the board of 
directors; Henry T. Griggs, C. L. Constable, M. S. Foley, James 
Bell, George lioover, J. G. Kinneman, and John T. llameton. 

The following is a condensed statement of the condition of the 
State Trust and Savings Bank at Goodland, in the State of Indiana, 
at the close of its business on May i, 1916: 


Loans and Discounts $ 84.265.74 

Overdrafts i ,692.38 

Bonds and Stocks 6,384.00 

Company's Building 4,000.00 

Furniture and Fixtures 1,000.00 

Dues from Banks and Trust Companies 18,755.41 

Cash on Hand 5,647.87 Items 31 1^^*^ 

Interest Paid ' 367.47 

Expenses i ,273.70 

Total Resources $123,697.93 


Capital Stock — ]\aid in $ 25,000.00 

Surplus 1,000.00 

Undivided Profits— Net 8.58 

Interest, Discount and Other Earnings 2,765.26 

Demand Deposits, Except Banks 76,620.31 

Savings Deposits 1,405.46 

Certificates of Deposit '16,898.32 

Total Liabilities $123,697.93 

The bank is operated with a paid up capital of $25,000. It has 
proved a successful enteqjrise ever since its organization and enjoys 
the confidence and support of a wide territory. Particularly has 
the savings department of this institution proved ])opular, and the 
list is long and rapidly growing of those who prove by their deposits 
that they recognize that saving is the instrument of real independence. 

Ci..ARi-.Ncn: C. Ba'^sett, ]\L D. The seclcer for restoration to 
health, be his malady serious or of only temporary inconvenience, 
very n.nturally calls to his aid a physician, and usually, on accepting 

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his dictum and following his advice, is benefited thereby. Com- 
paratively few, perhaps, ever consider the vast amount and pro- 
fundity of knowledge necessary to successfully diagnose, treat and 
cure these various ailments under their evolving conditions, or the 
skill in surgery that restores injured bodily members to their normal 
function. This knowledge is essential but regarded from any stand- 
point is marvelous enough to command respectful consideration. 

A prominent member of the medical profession at Goodlatid, 
Indiana, Dr. Clarence C. Bassett, came to this city in 1906. He was- 
born June 4. 1S79, at Greencastle, Indiana, and is a sou of Rev. 
T. J. and' Anna (Ridpath) P.assett. The ancestors of Doctor Bassett 
on the jjaternal side came from England and established themselves 
in what is now the Slate of Delaware, and Richard 'Bassett, the 
great-great-grandfather, was a signer of the document that made 
Delaware the first state to ratify the Federal Constitution, December 
7, 1787. On the maternal side, the Ridpaths were of Irish extrac- 
tion. The niolher of Doctor Bassett was a sister of the author, 
educator and historian, John Clark Ridpath, and like him was born 
in Putnam CoLUity, Indiana. Through his writings his name is a 
household word in every intelligent community. Rev. T. J. Bassett, 
a well known minister of (lie Methodist E,piseopal Church, is now 
paslor of Uu' b'irst Aicttiodisl Cliureli at \'alparaiso, Indiana, and 
during 1905 and 1906 was pastor of the church at Goodland, and is 
very kindly remembered by his old congregation here. 

Clarence C. Bassett grew to manhood in his native state and bad 
excellent educational advantages at Greencastle, graduating from 
De Pauw University there in the class of 189S. For two years 
afterward he was instructor in chemistry and zoology in the West 
Aurora High School, at Aurora, Illinois, and later, for three years 
was teacher of zoology and physiology in the South Division High 
School. When the summer vacation of 1905 came on, he spent the 
vacation months in study at the Iowa University and won his A. M. 
degree, his A. B. degree at De Pauw University and his M. D. 
degree at the College of Physicians and Surgeons, at Milwaukee, 

Doctor Bassett, after being graduated from medical college, 
served for three months as an interne at St. Joseph's Hospital, 
Milwaukee, coming directly from that field of training to Goodland, 
in 1906, where he purchased the practice of Dr. B. W. Pratt, the 
oldest located physician of Goodland, and has built up a fine prac- 
tice of his own and has become a citizen valued personally as well 
as professionally. 

On Tune 6, 1900, Doctor Bassett was united in marriage with 
Miss Pauline Woodward, who is a daughter of William and Mar- 
garet (Wright) \\'oodward, natives of Madison County, Indiana, 
but of ancestry that came originalU from England. Doctor and 
Mrs. Bassett have two children, a daughter and son: Kathryn E. 
and Eugene ^\^ Doctor Bassett and \\\ic are members of the 

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]\[clhodiit Ejiiscopal Cliurch and he is ser\-iiig on ils hoard of 

In political preference, Doctor Bassetl is a democrat but he has 
had neither time nor inclination to serve in political oflice and is by 
no means arbitrary in his views, frequently, in local matters giving 
his support to ihe candidate his own judgment most approves. For 
two years he had been secretary of the Newton County Medical 
Society before the medical bodies of Jasper and Newton counties 
consolidated in I'jr^. lie is president of the joint socict}- — 1916. 
He belongs also to the Indiana State Medical Association, and is 
examining physician for the United States Pension Bureau, at 
Fowler. In addition to still maintaining his pleasant old college 
memberships in the D. K. E., at De Pauw, and the Phi Rho Sigma, 
College of Physicians and Surgeons, IMilwaukee, Doctor BasscU has 
other fraternal connections in which he is highly valued and which 
he cherishes. He is a niemher of Goodland Lodge No. 445, Free 
and Accepted Masons, of which he was master in 1910-1911; Royal 
Arch Masons No. 142, Goodland, of which he has been high priest 
e\er since its organization, and Council No. 70 at IMonticello. He 
belongs additionally to Goodland Lodge No. 141, Knights of Pythias, 
and is one of the board of trustees, and a member of Ihe Order of the 
Easlcrn Star, at Goodland. For 3'car^ Doctor r.assLtt served 
as president of the Memorial Association, a local organization at 
Goodland, designed to see that Memorial Day be properly observed. 
He is a member of the board of directors of the Commercial Associa- 
tion. In the life of a busy physician there is not found a great deal 
of time to devote to recreation, but Doctor Bassett has the wholesome 
American's love of out-door sport and l)ekings to the Ilazclden 
Golf Club. 

Josr.Pii KicNNEDY is one of the oldest residents of Newton 
County. He went from this section of Indiana when he volunteered 
to fight the battles of the L'uion during the Civil war. Returning, 
he became a farmer. Long afterward he entered mercantile busi- 
ness at Morocco, and merchandising, banking and varied affairs in 
that locality have kept his attention down to the present time. 

The Kennedy family became identified with Newton County in 
1851. Nine years before on December 31, 1842, Joseph Kennedy 
was born in Montgomery County, Indiana, a son of David and 
Susan (Goodman) Kennedy. His father, a native of \'irginia, 
moved west and settled in IMontgomery County, Indiana, on a farm 
two miles east of Crawfordsville. That was the family home until 
they came to Newton County, where David Kennedy bought a 
place of forty acres four miles east of Morocco. He afterwards 
bought another tract of the same size, and was still owner of his 
eighty-acre farm with all its substantial im])rovcmcnts when he 
died. He was a member of the Cumberland Presb)lcrian Church, 

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a faithful Christian, and a puhhc spirited cilizon. A democrat he 
filled the oiTiee of trustee of Jackson To\vnshii> one lenn. 

The youngest in his father's famil)-, Joseph Kennedy lived in 
Newton County until he was twenty years of age. In the meantime 
he acquired his education ajid some experience in practical afi'airs. 
In jS6^ he enlisted in Company E of the Twentj-ninth Indiana 
\'oIunteer Infantry, to serve three years or until the close of the 
war. This regiment was recruited at South Bend, and when fully 
ec|uipped was sent South to Louisville, Kentucky, and thence to 
Memphis. It served under the command of Grant, was sent to the 
rear of Vick.shurg. hut was afterwards brought back to Memphis 
and the troops embarked on a boat and went down the river Ijcfore 
Vicksburg. When that fortress of the ^Mississippi had capitulated 
the regiment found a place in the command of General Sherman. 
Mr. Kennedy and his cotnrades fought with that great leader all 
the way to Atlanta, from Atlanta to the sea, in the enmpaigns 
through the Carolinas until tlie surrender of Johnston's army and 
he afterwards v,-cnt to W'ashington with Sherman's troops and 
participated in the glorious spectacle of the Grand Review. 

Following the war Mr. Kennedy returned home and was soon 
diligently pursuing the business to wliich he had l>een early Iramed, 
that of farming. After several year? of renting he bought in 1870 
a farm of t6o acres. 

In 1867 j\[r. Kennedy married :\fiss Mary Warren, who lived 
in Tackson township. She died in 1S6S, leaving one son, Charles 
W.' In 1872 Mr. Kennedy married Miss :Martha J. Ham. There 
were born to tliis marriage seven children, and the four now living 
are Ethel, Roxie. Gertrude and Hazel. 

After some years of successful farming Mr. Kennedy in 1874 
engaged in the drug business at Morocco. That was his Ime of 
endeavor for ten years, and in the meantime he also established a 
stock of dry goods as a partnership enterprise under the name of 
Kennedy & Schaub. This partnership was successfully maintained 
for twelve years, when IMr. Kennedy bought out his partner and 
soon afterward organized the firm of Kermedy & Murphey. That 
business is still the foremost of its kind in ]\Iorocco and is now oper- 
ated entirely by IMr. G. H. IMurphey. A number of years ago Mr. 
Kennedy organized the Farmers Bank of Alorocco, and gave most 
■ of his time to its management and administration for nine years. 
This bank was then sold to the Morocco State Rank. :\lr. Kennedy 
has one of the most beautiful residences and grounds in IMorocco, 

S. S. Peti-r .'VNO P.vtJL's Cn URcit. One of the strongest Catholic 
parishes in Newton County is now at Goodland. though for many 
years it Vvas only a mission supplied from Kentland and other 
churches. The record of S. S. Peter and Paul's Church, furnished 

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by its present pastor, Rev. Anlhoii}' llennebcrger, is an intercstiii;^ 
story of growth and covers more than forty years. 

Erom 1872 until October, 1903. Goodland was a mission. Tlie 
priesiS wlio attended the mission during that time were: Rev. 
Anthony Mcssmnnn of Ivcntland, from 1872 to 1B78; Rc\'. Jolui 
Hoss, of St. Anthony, from 187S to 1881 ; Rev. F. X. i^.aumsarliior, 
of Kentland, from 18S1 to 18S3; Rev. W. Conrad Miller, of Kent- 
land, 1883 to 1888; Rev. A. J. Strucder, of St. Anthony, 18S8 to 
1891; Rev. Joachim Baker, of St. Anthony, 1891 to i8()6; Rev. F. 
von Schwedlcr, of St. Anthony, 1896 to 1898; Rev. E. J. Bilstein, of 
St. Anthony, 1898 to 1900; Rex. G. A. Zern, of St. Anthony, 1900 
to October, 1903. At the latter date Father Zern became the first 
resident pastor of Goodland, and during his pastorate, from October 
2, 1903, to August 27, 1905, did much constructive work in the parish. 
His death occurred at the latter date in St. Joseph's Elospital at 
Logan sport. 

. From June, 1902. to August 9, 1903, Rev. Francis A. King 
resided at Goodland as b'alher Zern's assistant. Erom Ocloljer 10, 
1905, to June, 191 T, Rev. Ignatius I". Zircher was the resident 
pastor, being succeeded in June, 191 1, by Rev. John B. Steger, who 
remained to October i, 1913, and since the latter date Re\'. Anthony 
Plenneberger has been in charge. 

Some forty years ago a very small company of Catholic families 
lived in an<l about Goodland. In 1877 only eight famiHes attended 
ser\-ices at the mission. In 1880 a lot was purchased and a frame 
church erected at a cost of about $1,000. The first parochial resi- 
dence was a \'ery old d^^■clHng house which stood on one of the fne 
lots purchased in 1902 liy Father Zern. The pi-esent handsome 
church is a brick edifice, 98 by 54 feet in ground dimensions, and 
with a seating capacity of 400. Architecturally the exterior is 
imitation Gothic and the interior Roman style. It cost about $14,000 
to erect, and the cornerstone was laid November 9, 1902. The 
church was dedicated by Bishop H. T. Alerding July 12, 1903. The 
present strength of the parish is about sixty families, and it is well 
organised, with the various societies. Father Zirclier erected the 
brick parochial residence on the site of the old one in 1909. 

From Goodland the Catholic people of Alorocco are now attended 
as a mission. The Sacred Heart Church at Morocco was under the 
direction of Rev. F. Joseph Bilstein during his pastorate at St. 
Anthony's from February, 1898, to October, 1900. He built the 
present church there in 1S99. ]\Iorocco continued to be attended 
•by St. Anthony's until Cioodland acquired its resident pastor. 

Rev. Anthony 1 lenneberger, whose kindly and efficient services 
have won him the lo\-e and resjiect of all classes of people in and 
around Cioodland, was born at Lutz in the Diocese of Treves, Ger- 
many, ,'\pril 2, 1859, a son of Frank and Lucy (Gillis) Henneberger. 
In early youth he directed his preparations^ for the priesthood and 
when the l^russian go\-ernmcnt closed all Catholic institutions he 

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imniigralcd to Anit-rica with his mother and four sisters and settled 
near Prineclon, Indiana, in 1876. In September, iSSo, he entered 
St. ileinrad's College, and ujion the recommendation of the abbot, 
was ordained in the eathedral at Fort \\':t\w by JJisbop Dwcnger on 
June 15. 1889. iM'oin thai time forward, a period of more than a 
quarter of a century. Father liennebcrgcr has bcin almnsi cDnlinu- 
ously cngag-e'd in some active ])astora(e. C^n the d.i} i^f hi> nidination 
he was appointed pastor at Fowler, Indiana, whi le he ser\ed until 
August 7, iSyS, and was then stationed at Attica until April. tSoq. 
From that time until August 12, kjcjo, he was absent from his duties 
on account of illness, and then returned to Fowler and was ])aslor 
of the church there imtil January i, 1907. FTe was at Tipton from 
January 1, 1907, to October i, 191 3, and has since been pastor of 
"S. S. Peter and Paul's Church in Goodland. . , . 

Moin- KiLGOKi-:. The X^ational B.-ink of Goodland in the 
ten years of its history has had a steady growth and prosperity that 
reflects much credit upon its management as well as upon the pros- 
perity of the town and surrounding localit)- which the bank serves. 

It was organized August 13. 1905, and the eiglit men who estab- 
lished the bank were Dr. P,. W. Pratt, ^lort Kilgore, Z. ]'. Little, 
Paul Weishaar, Sr., John M. Wilson, Cieorge II. Smith, Penjamin 
F. Davidson, and Rufus Jacobs. The first ohicials were: P. W. 
Pratt, president; Z. F. Little, vice president; I\Iort Kilgore, cashier. 
The other men named as organizers constituted the l)alance of the 
board of directors while other stockholders at the time of organiza- 
tion were Robert Wilson. John Pludson and Winfield Rowe. When 
first organized the bank had a capital stock of $35,000. This was 
increased to $50,000 on April 13, 1908. At the present time the 
deposits run at about the figure of $200,000. The officers are : 
James W. Oswald, president; George kl. Smith, vice president; and 
Mort Kilgore, cashier. 

It will thus be seen that Mort Kilgore, who would have to be 
recognized with those initials and is best knov.'n among business 
circles and his many friends as "Mort'' Kilgore, has been indentified 
with this successful finrmcial institution of Goodland since its begin- 
ning. He was born in Tippecanoe County, Indiana, Seplemlier 30, 
1864, a son of James and Elizabeth (Dysert) Kilgore, who were of 
Scotch-Irish and German descent, rcs]iecti\'cly. James Kilgore 
offered the extreme sacrifice during the Civil war as a Lhiion soldier, 
dying while in service as a_ member of tlie One Hundred and Twen- 
tieth Indiana \olunteer Infantry. 

After his death the family removed to Grandfather Dysert's 
home in W^arren County, where Mort Kilgore grew to manhood. 
11 is early life w-as spent on the farm, and such education as the 
common schools could not supply him he supplemented by a course 
in the Valparaiso University, where he was graduated Bachelor of 
Science in 188S. After that he taught school, spent three years in 

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the high scliool at I'ultoii, Kcntucl<y, ami in a short time in Benton 
County, Indiana. His real career has been along business lines. 
For four years he was bookkeeper for Z. F. Little & Company 
at Goodland, and then for eight years held the oflice of postmaster. 
In the meantime the First National Bank was organized and he has 
been .steadily looking after the bank's business and its customers at 
the cashier's window since 1905. 

In politics he is a republican, and is now ser\'ing his third term 
as a nicmljcr of the Cioodland school board. He is a member of the 
board of stewards of u.e Alelhudisi Churcli and fraternally is 
present and a past master of Goodland Lodge No. 445, Free and 
Accepted Masons and a member of Goodland Chapter, Royal Arch 
Masons. ]\Ir. Kilgore is also secretary of the Newton County I..oan 
& Savings Association. 

On August 8, 1895. he married Miss Retla Crowden, daughter 
of Joseph Crowden, of Goodland. Of the three children born to 
their marriage the only one now living is a son, luirle Al., though 
they haA'C an adopted daughter, Flope E. 

William E. Mitten. For over twenty years William E. Mit- 
ten has filled the post of station agent for the Chicago & Eastern 
Illinois Railway at Goodland. He has been there so long and has 
represented both the railroad and the interests of the people so 
well that any mention of the Chicago & Eastern Illinois in that 
community suggests the genial personality of the Goodland station 
agent. Naturally he has been an important factor in local busi- 
ness affairs and has done his part likewise in behalf of every ^ 
important civic movement and improvement undertaken in Good- 
land during recent years. 

He is so thoroughly American that perhaps only his closest 
friends know that Mr. Mitten is a native of England. lie was 
born in Sussex, England, August 7, 1857, a son of George and 
Jane (Luck) Mitten. They were also natives of Sussex and 
emigrated to America in 1875, settling in Newton County. Both 
are now living in Chicago, and on September 9, 1915, they cele- 
brated their sixty-first wedding anniversary, and in spile of their 
advanced years, the father being ninety and the mother eighty-six, 
they were al)le to enjoy the event which was obser\ed with many 
appropriate tributes lo the old couple on the part of both children 
and relatives and their many friends. 

Until he was seventeen years of age Vv'illiam E. Mittea lived 
in his native County of Sussex, gained an education in the Brighton 
Grammar School, and then with his brother, George, who now 
lives at Wadena in Benton County, Indiana, set out in the fall 
of 1874 for America. They came direct to Goodland, and arrived 
in that village with only $1.10 between them. They soon com- 
mended themselves to several farmers in the community by their 
earnest working capacity, and William E. ^litten did his first 

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labor as a. farm hand for George Ilanly. Not lono- after- 
wards he was able to start out fanning for himself, and followed 
that voeatioii twelve or fifteen years. In i8<;() he entered 
the service of the Chicago & Eastern Illinois Railway as an 
agent and operator, was assigned to duty at various points, 
and on Noveiuber 9, 1893, took up his post as station agent at 
Goodland. Under all conditions and emergencies, he has remained 
faithfully at his post and looked after the increasing business of 
the local station since that time. 

On September 6, 1882, I\Ir. :\Iilten married Emma N. 
Stevens, daughter of Abner T. and Rosalie (Bovee) Stevens, both of 
whom were early settlers of Benton County, Indiana, and were 
natives of New York and Canada respecrively. A family of 
seven children have left the home of Mr. and Mrs. Mitten. Nora 
Isabelle died at the age of eighteen. Edward L., who lives in 
Danville, Illinois, married Mary Erb. Clarence E. also lives in Dan- 
ville. Ethel AT. is the wife of Charles Wilson and lives in Benton 
County. Harold F. lives in Chicago. William E., Jr., 'and E. Hope 
are still young and at home. 

In politics Mr. Mitten is a republican, though in local af- 
fairs he keeps an independent mind and supports the man he 
deems best fitted for the office at stake. His own work as a citizen 
has exemplified a splendid public spirit. For many years Mr. 
Mitten has been a member of the School Board of Goodland, 
Indiana, and is now president of that body. He has been secre- 
tary of the Goodland Cemetci-y since it was taken over by the 
first association, and was one of the most earnest advocates of 
local waterworks plant. He served on building committees for 
the Presbyterian Church, for the Masonic Building, for the school- 
house, and at the present time is a member and secretary of the 
Library Board. He is past master of Goodland Lodge No. 445, 
Free and Accepted Masons, a member of the Royal Arch Chapter at 
Goodland, is past chancellor of the Knights of Pythias, also of Good- 
land, and is a inember of the Board of Trustees of the Masonic 
Realty Association. He and his wife are members of the Pres- 
byterian Church, and he is an elder in that body. 

JosEi'ii M. Cinzu.M. Practically every successful career is actu- 
ated by an earnest purpose and an energy of action sufficient to 
carry out definite plans of accomplishment. As a result of such 
policies Joseph M. Chizum has made himself one of the leading 
farmers and stock raisers and business men of Newton County. 
Since an early age he has Iicen self-reliant and dependent, and he 
owes his success chiefly to the plans which have originated in his 
own mind and to llie energy with which he has carried them out. 

He is a native sen of Newton County and was born June 16, 
1864. His parents were Joseph W. and IMary Jane (Hanger) 
Chizum, the former a native of Ohio and the latter of Virginia. 

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.AIRS. J. W. ClllZl'M 


Grandfather Cliizum was a pioneer settler in Tipjiecanoe County, 
Indiana, locating on a farm near Stockwell in 1840. lie was a 
successful farmer and spent the rest of his days in that community. 
He was a faithful Methodist and became identified with the republi- 
can party upon its organization. Joseph ^^^ Chizum was fifth in a 
family of six children, and in 1856 he brought his little family to 
Newton County. Newton County was then a wilderness and thus 
he bore a worthy jiart in its pioneer activities. His first home was 
on a forty-acre tract of land which he bought in .Section 31 of 
licavcr Townshi]). In that one community he hvcd until his death 
in 1892. Those were years of strenuous work coupled with sound 
business sense, and as a result he left an estate of eight hundred 
acres. He was a devout Methodist and of his family of six children 
three are still living. 

The fifth in order of birth among these children, Joseph ]\I. 
Chizum has spent the best years'of his life in Newton County. He 
received a good education, beginning in the district schools, and 
graduating in 1885 from the Northern Indiana Normal at \"al- 
paraiso. After his college career he spent three years in the grain 
business at Alorocco, but has since devoted his best energies, his 
time and his enthusiasm to farming and stock breeding. Mr. 
Chizum owns a sjilcnditl estate of two hundred and twenty acres near 
Morocco, and altogether his ownership extends to seven liundred 
of the fertile acres of Newton County. As a stock raiser his repu- 
tation is based upon the Ijreeding and raising "bf Percheron horses, 
Durham cattle and other first class livestock. He resides in" the 
Town of ■Morocco. 

Mr. Chizum is a director of the Farmers Bank at Morocco and, 
has identified himself with other enterprises for the good of the 
county. ITc has 'served as county commissioner, and is prominent 
in Masonry' in Morocco, being both a York and Scottish Rite mem- 
ber, (Indianapolis) and having attained the thirty-second degree in 
the Scottish Rite. He also belongs to the Knights of Pythias, Castle 
Hall No. 492. Mr. Chizum is unmarried and though without do- 
mestic cares and responsibilities has a large and varied business to 
absorb all his energies. His estate is known as The Maple Grove 

Frank J. Riitteratii. While I\Tr. Retterath has s])cnt less 
than half of his years in Newton County, he was a member of a 
family of one of the first settlers in this county, and during the last 
fifteen or sixteen years has become widely known as a successful 
farm manager, business man and citizen of Goodland, where he is 
now serving as postmaster. 

His parents were Peter and Clara (Weishaar) Retterath, both 
of whom were liorn in Germany. The father emigrated to America 
in 1848 and the mother in 1849. They both settled in Butler County, 
and were married there in 1S51. Ten years later they removed to 

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Ncwion County, settling in Iroquois Township in iSGi, where the 
father was one of the i)ionccr farmers anil stock raisers. After a 
residence there of ten years, in 1871 the family nio\-ed to Tippe- 
canoe County, and i'ctcr and Clara Rettcr.ith kei»l llicir home in 
that county the rest of their lives. The father died January y, iSyy, 
and the mother on October 18, 1883, both being laid to rest in the 
North Union Cemetery in Tippecanoe County. I-'eter Retteratli \\'as 
a democrat in politics, and was one of the charter members of Good- 
land Lodge of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. lie was an 
execUciU representative of the )jrogTessive farmer of his generation. 
In addition to I'" rank J. Retterath three of his sons and two daugh- 
ters are living: George J., a farmer at Colusa, California; Peter, a 
farmer of, Lafayette, Indiana; Menry H., who is engaged in the 
grain and stock business at Williams. California, and all are married ; 
Clara is the wife of Henry T. Griggs, a farmer of Goodland; and 
Anna is the widow of William Porterfield and lives at Ukiah, Cali- 
fornia, where she is county superintendent of schools, and she has 
been a teacher for forty-eight years. 

Frank J. Retterath was born :\L-irch 10, i860, in Glendale, 
Butler County, Ohio, and was onl}- an infant when his parents 
moved to Iroquois Township in Newton County. His first conscious 
recollections are associated with this county, but he s])ent his youth 
and grew to manhood on the family homestead in Tippecanoe 

On February 18, 1885, ?ylr. Retterath married Maggie K. Lewis, 
daughter of Robert E. and IClizabeth R._ (Brosius) Lewis, of Tippe- 
canoe County, tl'ough they were natives of Ohio, having been born 
.near Hamilton and were of Irish and German descent. The only 
child born to ]\Ir. and Mrs. Retterath was Zoro G., who died at the 
age of three years. 

h'ollowing his marriage Air. Retterath was a farmer in Carroll 
County for iive years, then spent a year and a half in California, 
returned to Tippecanoe County for four years, but in the fall of 
1899 took ap his permanent home in Newton County, locating in 
Grant Township just at the edge of the Town of Goodland. Since 
then his main activities have been as a farmer, and he conducts the 
Pine Grove Farm of 100 acres just northwest of Goodland, He has 
made a great success of his operations on this farm, and has a 
reputation of doing well in every undertaking. 

On March 10, 191 4, he was appointed postmaster of Goodland, 
and has been on duty in the office since April ist of that year. He 
also owns some stock in the Slate Trust & Savings Bank and in the 
Newton County Building & Loan Association. He is. a beh'e\-er in 
fraternalism, and is affiliated with the lodge of the Indejiendcnt 
Order of Odd Fellows at Delphi, with the Masonic ]>odgc at Good- 
land, and is a past chancellor of (ioodland Lodge of the Knights of 

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AdfliiI'IM' G. Jakw.w, As a quiet, ciievgctic, ci)i)scr\al:\e citi- 
zen Add'oert Cj. Jakway has cxcrciscJ no link' influence in the busi- 
ness life of Newton Cdunty for the past forty }ears. lie recently 
retired from the grain business at Goodland, and a few years ago 
ill health obliged him to give up his active work as a local banker. 
His name stands for all tliat is substantial and honorable in the 
Itusiness life of this commiuiity. 

Having reached the age of three score and ten, Mr. Jakway is 
well justified in taking life somewhat leisurely. He was born 
\-'^,:i ; _j, i",: ; We-.i ll:,.:-.., Win.uii;, and is of old Yankee 
stock on both sides. His parents were George A. and Julia A. 
(Cook) Jakway, natives of the Green Jvlountain State. Mr. Jakway 
was reared in \''crmont, attended school there, and possesses many 
of the rugged characteristics of the typical N'ermonter. He followed 
farming and luniliciing while he li\ed in his nati\'e state, but in 
March, 1S75, he came to Indiana and settled on a farm two miles 
west of Goodland in Grant Townshi]). That was his home milil 
1884 when he moved oul to D.akola Territory and settled in Hand 
County and li\ed in thai new and Uiidevelojied district in the Noilh- 
west for eleven years. 1 lis afl'airs ccnitinued to prosper A\liile there, 
and on returning to Goodland he engaged in the grain business as 
senior member of the firm of Jakway iS: ^lurray. From this he 
retired in 1914. -\Ir. Jakway was al:~o one of the organizers of the 
State Trust .N; Savings ISank of. Goodland and was its first pre-idcnt. 
but resigned the (iri'icc on account of ill health. Among other 
interests lu- owjis consideialile farm land in Cass County, Indiana. 
These accumulations ha\e Iteen tlie direct result of his steady indus- 
try and thrifty management and he has an ample com[)ctcnce for 
all future needs. 

In T874 he married Mary E. llulett, a daughter of Philander E. 
Hulett, of New York State. The one child of this union, Bernice A., 
is now ]Mrs. Fay E. Burgess, and they live in Grant Township. 
Mr. Jakway married for his second wife Susan A. Hulett, a sister 
of his first wife. There are two children by this union: Marian A., 
wife of Raymond Hall, their home being in Chicago; and Hope E., 
who lives at home. 

In politics Afr. Jakway is a democrat. He served as a member 
of the local school board from 1900 to 1903 and is a past master of 
Goodland I_odge No. 445, Free and Accepted IMasons. He also 
belongs to the Royal Arch Chapter at Goodland. 

William J. Sti^waki-. A successful business and public sjjirited 
citizen, William J. Stewart has been identified by residence with 
Goodland for 6\er thirty years. He began his career as a worker 
for others, and by industry and ability became master of his own ' 
circumstances, and now for many years has handled some extensive 
interests, in farming and farm lands, and in local business enter- 
prises at Goodland. 

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I'or fully forty-liYC years the frimily has been idcnliritd with 
Jasper and Newton counties. Mis parents, Joseph and Maiy 
(Joiinson) Stewart, were both born in Ohio and came to Jaspir- 
County in 1870, and from Jasper moved to Goodland in Newloii 
County in 1S83. . Joseph Stewart was a man of very effective indus- 
try and followed the quiet ]5ursuits of the farmer until his retire- 
ment, when he moved into Goodland, and died there November 27, 
1903. In politics he was a republican without any political aspira- 
tions, and was a member of the Masonic Lodge at Remington. Me 
and his wife became the parents of twelve children, and the three 
now living in Jasper and Ne\vt(in counties are all at Goodland, 
namely: Catherine, wife of Charles Griffen ; \\'iliiam J.; and 
Joseph L. 

William J. Stewart was l)orn October ig, 1S69, while his parents 
were residing at Chillicothe, Missouri. However, when he was about 
twelve months old they returned east and settled in Jasper County, 
and practically all of his own lifetime has been spent either in Jasper 
or Newton counties. He was about fourteen when the family moved 
to Goodland. He made good use of all the education.ul opi)ortunilies 
presented to him, and before reaching his majority was able to 
do a man's full share of work on a farm, b'arming, however, has 
been only one of his \aried activities. For fifteen years he man- 
aged the Goodland tile factory. For the last fifleen years or more 
he has operated the Stewart ice plant. Mr. Stewart owns a fine 
tract of 240 acres of land adjoining tlic Town of Goodland, and 
gives his active supervision to its cultivation an<l management. Fie 
also has some tov.-n propeity, and his ]3rosjierily is the more credilaljle 
for the fact that it was won crjlirely 1)y his indixidual efforts. Me 
also has stock in the State & Tni.-t l',,ink at Goodland. 

In 1885 lie married Miss Ada .M. Moo\cr, daughter of John 
and liarriet (Smith) Hoo\er. Mr. Stewart has gi\cn much of his 
time and attention to local affairs at Goodland. For six years he 
was treasurer of the school board, and for the past eight years has 
been president of the town board and in many ways has advanced 
the standards of nniracipal service and improvements. Fraternally 
he is affiliated with the Knights of Pythias at Goodland. 

Young D. De.mjdukff. One of the oldest and most honored 
family names in Newton County is that of Deardurfl'. Mr. Young 
D. Deardurff, who was named in honor of his two grandfathers, 
has found both a congenial and profitable pursuit in farming enter- 
prise and for the past twenty years has been successfully identified 
with that industry in Washington Township. In that time he and 
his good wife have surrounded themselves with all the things neces- 
sary to make life attractive in the country. They have a fine home, 
with a good coinplemeiu of other buildings, and their farm means 
not only a comfortable living but a wholesome place in wltich to 

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rear their children and to indulge their task: for hospitalil)- and 

Mr. Deardurfl" is a son of John S. and Rachel A. (Thompson) 
Deardiirff. His fatlicr was born in Indiana and the grandfather 
Deardurft was horn in l^ennsylvania and brought his family in 
i(S42 to Xewion Coimty. Tliat was one of tlic earliest years in the 
settlement of this section of Northwest Indiana. Grandfather 
Dcardurff located on a farm where Morocco lies in Newton County, 
and in 1886 he removed to Kcntland, which was his home for 
twenty years until his death. He had ten children. 

The father of Young D. Deardurft was eighteen years of age 
whe)i the war broke out and he volunteered his services for the 
defense of the Union. His first enlistment was for three months 
and he afterwards re-cnlisted and was with the arrny of the Ten- 
nessee and afterwards with the troops commanded by the famous 
General Sherman during the Atlanta campaign on the march to 
the sea. He was a fine soldier, always on duty, and left the army 
with an honorable discharge and record which his descendants will 
always cherish. After he returned to Newton County he engaged 
in farming. In 1865 he married, and after his marriage bought land 
and prosecuted farming in Beaver Township until 1894. In that 
year he removed to Morocco for two years, then locating on a farm 
in Washington Township, and tliat was his home until liis death 
in 1904. His wife passed awa}' in 1912. The father was an active 
member of the United Brethren Church, belonged to the Grand 
Army of the Republic, to^the Masonic Order and in politics was a 
republican. He was a successful farmer and a model and upright 

Young D. Deardnrff was the second in a family of si.K sons all 
of whom are living. His education was acquired in Newton County, 
and up to the age of twenty-one he worked at home and was thus 
trained to a career which he has followed so successfully since 
his marriage. 

On January 3, 1896, at Morocco, he married ]Miss Gertrude ]\Iar- 
tin. Her mother's people were among the pioneers of Newton 
County. Mrs. Deardurft' was educated in the common schools, and 
for six years prior to her marriage was a successful and popular 
teacher in Newton County. She was born in Newton County ^lay 
10, 1873. the eldest of six children, four sons and two daughters, 
born to William II. and Mary (Ash) Martin. All the children are 
living at the present time: ]\Irs. Deardurfif; Adell, wife of Joseph 
Thornton of Chicago and they have four children ; Austin is also a 
resident of Chicago and is married ; William is next ; Ralph is a resi- 
dent of North Dakota, is an agriculturist, is married and has three 
children; and Orpheus is a resident of Newton County. Mr. Afar- 
tin, the father, was a native of Virginia and an agriculturist, and it 
was about the year 1838 that he came to Indiana. He was a soldier 
in the Civil war and after his term of service he came to Newton 


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County, lie was a Mason, lie died in LnFayetle, Indiana, in 1905. 
Mr.';. Martin was a native of Indiana and died 1S93. Mrs. Dear- 
durff is an active member of the Church. Air. and Mrs. 
Deardurfl" have two sons: Lloyd, who is now in the third year of 
tlie Morocco High School, and Raymond, in the fourth year of the 
Morocco High School. Air. and Mrs. Dcardurfl' will give their 
sons the benefit of good education, fitting them for practical life. 

After his marriage Mr. DeardurfF began farming, and eventually 
bought 277 acres of L.nd in Washington Township. That land he 
has made productive and valuable in every sense of the term, and 
has not only gained a good living from it for his family, but has 
raised it to the best standards of improvement and productivity 
among similar farms in tl:is county. 

At the same time Air. DeardurlT has willingly given his time and 
energies to the benefit of his fellow citizens. lie has twice served 
as a membei- of the advisory board of Washington Tuwnshii) and 
is still on that board. In 1910 he was elected one of the county com- 
missioners, and during his service of three years constantly studied 
the needs of the count) at large and made himself a valuable advisor 
and an earnest exponent of the welfare of the county. He is in 
politics a republican. Me is affiliated with the Camp of the Alodern 
Woodmen of America of Morocco, Indiana. 

Hugh Murray. Now serving as town treasurer of Goodland, 
Hugh Murray has been more or less continuously identified with 
Newton County for the past forty-five years. Men who know hmi 
in a business way have the utmost confidence in his integrity and 
reliability. He has shown much energy in everything he under- 
takes and has built up a very profitable business as a grain dealer 
and elevator man at Goodland. 

Though much of his life has been spent in this section nf the 
Middle West, Hugh Murray was born in Pictou County of Nova 
Scotia, September 8, 1845, =1 so» o^ Jo^" ''"'"^ Christina (Alcl.eod) 
Murray. His father was a native of Highland, Scotland, near 
Inverness, and his mother of Nova Scotia. In that province of 
Canada Hugh Murray spent his childhood and youth, attended the 
schools in the winter and employed his energies in varied capacities 
until he was eighteen. In October, 1863, he came to the United 
States and located in LaSalle County, Illinois, where for several 
years he had no trouble in placing his services as a farm hand. From 
there he came to Grant Township in Newton County in 1870 and 
lived there about twelve years. In 1882 Mr. Alurray went to South 
Dakota, engaged in the elevator business, and for a time was in the 
same line of enterprise at Chicago, in 1896 he returned to Good- 
land and established the elevator company v.iiich is now known as 
H. Murray & Company, grain elevator. 

Mr. -Murray married Airs. Alary A. (Wilsey) Green, who was 
born in the State of New York, and was sixteen years of age when 

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she became a resident of Indiana. She received the benefits of a 
good educational training, and ^\•as a teacher in the Newton County 
schools. Her parents are deceased. Her first marriage was to 
H. H. Green, and iliey had one daughter, Daisy, who is married. 
Mrs. Murray is a devout meml)er of tlie Presbyterian Church at 
Goodland, and .she has ahvays Ix'cn interested in the Sunday school 
work of her church. 

In politics Mr. Murray is independent, a voter for the best man 
regardless of party ties, and is now serving his second term and 
third year as town treasurer of Goodland. Mr. Murray is a quiet 
and efficient business man, and has never been disposed to seek 
public position, nor to concern himself greatly with affairs which , ,, 
were not his own. He is a member of the Presbyterian Church, and '.; ■ 
is affiliated with Goodland Lodge No. 445, Free and Accepted ,, 
Masons. •, r 

■ John G. Kinni:man, M. D. It is through his work and .service .■-; 

as a physician and surgeon that Doctor Kinneman is chiefly known ,.,,■.■ 

to the people of Goodland and Newton counties. During the past ;;- 

eighteen years he has enjoyed an exceptionally large practice in .-;■ 

this community, and while he has had little ambition to excel except . . 

in his chosen sphere of work, he has naturally been brought more 1, , 

or less to active relations with business and civic altairs in his home ,1,. 

town of Goodland. ;-j. 

It is a fact in which Doctor Kinneman takes some degree of pride ;,,,, 

that both he and his wife, their respective parents, and all their .^f- 

children, were born in Indiana. The Kinnemans were among the ,, .^ 

older families of Virginia, where they settled about 1680, coming ^f.. 
originally from Germany, where the name was spelled Kuhnymann. 

It has been found that practically all the Kinnemans now found in ,.. 

America trace their descent from one ancestor. ,-1.- 

Doctor Kinneman is a native of Cass County, Indiana, and his ;, 

people were among the very early jiioneers in that section. His ,1 

parents were William B. and Lucy N. (Short) Kinneman, who were ,,; 

also natives of Cass County. William r>. Kinneman was born May • 

5, 1832, in Clinton Township of that county, and died February 18, ■■ 

1914, his body being laid to rest at Mexico, Indiana. His parents ,4- 

were Thomas and Elizabeth (Bennet) Kinneman, who came from ,! 

Ceptral Ohio to Cass County during the decade of the '20s. Thomas rv 

was one of the pioneers in the rural district of Cass County, and ,, 

William B. Kinneman also followed farming as his vocation. In if 
other branches of the Kinneman family are found a number of 
physicians. It was on the old Cass County homestead that Doctor 

Kinneman grew to manhood. While at home he attended the local ■! 

schools, and through his own efforts managed to acf|uire a liberal (i 

education. At different times he was a student in the Central y. 

Normal at Danville. Indiana, in the American Normal at Logans- -d 
port and in the Marion Normal. Lilce many men who have made a 

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success of the profession he was a teaclicr for a number of years. 
He taught three years in Cass County and three years in Miami 
County, and for tliree years was superintendent of schools at Bur- 
nettsvillc, in \^•hite County. From the Medical College of Indiana 
at Indianapolis, Doctor Kinncman graduated M. D. with the class 
of 1898. He at once came to Goodland and opened his office and 
dunng the first year of practice his income was $351. Uc had come 
to Goodland $700 in debt on account of the expenses of his educa- 
tion, hut m Uvo or three years he was well established in the con- 
fidence and patronage of the public, and has been very successful 
from the financial staii(l]joint. 

On September 16, 1S96, while still attending college Doctor 
Kinneman married Neva lone Moore, daughter of Dr John W 
and Elizabeth (Kecsling) ]\Ioore. Her parents were both born in 
Henry County, Indiana, where their respective families were pioneer 
settlers. Dr. John W. Moore's father, Philip Moore, founded the 
Town of Mooreland in Henry County. The Moores were of 
German descent several generations back. Through the Keeslings 
Mrs. Kinneman is eligible to membership in the Daughters of the 
American Revolution. Doctor and Mrs. Kinneman have in their 
possession three old parchment deeds, which were given her mater- 
ual ancestor, John Kceslino-. These deeds were executed under 
he hand and seal of President Andrew Jackson, and bear the fol- 
lowing dates: Two dated August 5, 1S34, and one, April 17, 1833 
These are valuable heirlooms in their home, and they also have an 
old Bible published in 1837, and the engravings are of the old wood 
cuts 1 o their marriage have been born two children : Doris, now a 
student m Earlham College at Richmond, Indiana; and John, at- 
tcndnig high scb.ool. -^ 

In politics Doctor Kinncman is a republican of the stalwart type 
and has always greatly admired the vigorous leaders of that pait; 
who have made and moulded American history in the past half 
century. He is affiliated with Goodland Lodge No. 44S. Free and 

P^^hia . In the Ime of his profession he is a member of the Jasper 

dation ^°r'V'""'' ^''''''' ^'" ^"^'--^ State Medical Asso- 
ciation, and the American Medical Association. He is one of the 
principa^stockholders of the State Trust & Savings Bank of Go ! 
and His business success has ahvays been accompanied by a very 

JE.SS,.: A\^ Bond, D. D. S. Not only in his profession as a dentist 
but also as a well to do business man and citizen is Doctor Bond 
kiiown in Newton County, where he has resided since early infancy 
He enjoys a large practice, is very popular in social circles and 
whatever he undertakes he does thoroughly and carefully 


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A son of George F. and Sarah (Barloo) Bond, he was horn at 
Plainfiekl. Illinois, January 5, 1871. His father was of English 
descent and a native of the State of I\Iaine, while the mother was 
born in New York, and amonfj her direct ancestors was the noted 
Ethan Allen, the hero at Fort Ticonderoga during the Revohition. 
George F. Bond was a Union soldier during the Civil war, being with 
Company L of the BHnois Light Artillery, and he did not hve many 
years after be returned from the service, dying in Bhnois, December 
I, 1871. Not long afterward, when Doctor Bond was still a child, 
the mother brought her little family to Jasper County, settling near 

It was on a farm in Carpenter Township that Doctor ]]ond 
spent his early youth. Flc attended the Remington High School, 
and subsequently entered the Ohio College of Dental Surgery at 
Cincinnati, where he graduated D. D. S. with the class of 1895. He 
has now practiced successfully in Newton County for more than 
twenty years. Besides his large clientele as the leading dentist at 
Goodland he owns a good farm in Carroll County. 

On April 9, 1903, he married A. '\''elma Clymer, a daughter of 
Doctor Kcever and Rezina Ann (Black) Clymer of Goodland. To 
their marriage have been born three children : Keevcr C, Rezina A. 
and Willo Jean. 

Doctor Bond has always voted the republican ticket but lias no 
political aspirations. He and "bis wife are members of the Pres- 
byterian Church, and be is affiliated witli both the !\Iasonic Lodge 
No. 445 and the Royal Arch Chapter at Goodland. He is also a 
member of the Hazelden Golf Club. 

John Cociir.xne, Su. With a long, and honorable career of 
industry and practical achievement, John Cochrane, Sr., has already 
celebrated his seventy-fifth birthday, and for more than ten years 
has enjoyed the comforts of a good home and the leisure of retire- 
ment at Goodland. While relieved of business responsibi'ities, Air. 
Cochrane is as alert and vigorous in matters of local citizenship as 
he ever was. Alany local people will recall that he was the leader 
in the movement which drove the saloons out of Goodland. He and 
his wife have children and grandchildren about them and in homes 
of their own, and they can take an enviable satisfaction in reviewing 
the many years that lie behind them. 

The fact that John Cochrane is a Scotchman by birth might indi- 
cate to many people a reason for his vigorous and independent 
citizenship. He was born at Dunlop in Ayrshire July 21, 1839, a 
son of John and Mary (Wylie) Cochrane. In 1S53 all the Cochrane 
family came to America and settled in La .Salle County, Illinois. The 
father died there January 12, 1868, at the age of fifty-six and is 
laid to rest in Waltham Cemetery. The mother later went out to 
Missouri lo live with a daughter, and died there. 

Mr. John Cochrane was about fnnriecn years of age when he 

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came to America. Up to that time he had lived in his native shire, 
so intimately associated with the life and poetry of Robert Burns, 
and had attended such schools as were open to him. From the age 
of fourteen he li\cd in La Salle County, Illinois, and made that 
locality his home until 1869, Vi'hen he came to Indiana and located 
in Union Township of Benton County. His farm was not far from 
Goodland, and for many years thai town has been his chief market 
center. As a farmer and stock raiser Mr. Cochrane steadily pros- 
pered and continued to direct his own affairs there for thirty-four 
years. In 1903 he retired into Goodland and he and his wife have 
one of the comfortable homes of that village. 

On October 24, 1864, he married ]\Iary E. Richards, a daughter 
of John and Johanna (Sheahan) Richards, lier father was a native 
of England and her mother was born in the State of Maine and of 
Irish stock. To Mr. and Mrs. Cochrane were born eight children, 
four of whom died in infancy. Janet C. is the wife of Charles Fagan, 
who is superintendent of the Cascade School, in Seattle, Washington, 
and they have one son, Charles. Robert, who lives in Goodland, 
married Emma Summers, and their children are Walter L., Karl, 
John (deceased), and Mary E. y\ddie B. married Edward Strubbe, 
and they live in Union Townshi]i of Benton Count}' and have a 
child named Hazel E. John, jr., lives with his family on_ the old 
homestead in Union Township of Iknfon County, the place being 
known as the Majjle Grox'e' Farm; by his marriage to Jeanetta Wild 
he has five children : John A., Russell ^^^, ]\Jary E., Malcom B. and 
J.inet E., the last being now deceased. 

Mr. Cochrane has never identified himself actively with any 
political party, though for twent}' years he has been a steadfast 
worker for the prohibition cause. He and his wife are both devout 
Presbyterians, and he lias served as a ruling elder in the Goodland 
church of that denominaliori for forty-six years. Besides some 
property in town, including his own home, Mr. Cochrane owns about 
240 acres of land near Goodland in Benton County. In his effort 
to- live a good, honest, straightforward life, there are a host of 
friends who would say that ^Ir. Cochrane has been as successful as 
any man in Newton County. 

Charles E. Sage. Nearly sixty years have passed since the 
Sage family was established in Jasper County, and since then the 
name has been represented here by both men and women of sterling 
character and usefulness in all their relations. 

The founder of the family in this section of Indiana was George 
W. T. Sage, who was born in Kentucky, a son of Alexander Sage. 
George Sage came to Jasper County in 1856. On ^farch 4, 1858, 
he married Mar)' Jane Harris, who was born in Baltimore County, 
Maryland, a daughter of Thomas and Mary Harris, who were also 
natives of Maryland, but of Pennsylvania Dutcli descent. Eight 
children were born to George and Mary Sage, namely: Mary E. K., 

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who married John Ec!< and lives in Carjjcntcr Townshij^ ; one that 
died in infancy; Howard E., now deceased; Warren \V. ; (Charles E. ; 
John W., who h'ves in Goodiand ; and ^^'i'lia^l A. and Ollie M., botli 
deceased. Tlie father of these children died February 19, 1875. 

One of the sons is Warren W. Sage, who has a fine farm home 
in Alilroy Township, 614 miles sotitheast of Rensselaer. War- 
ren was born in Jordan Township of Jasper County March 19, 
1864, and has spent practically all his life in jasper County, though 
for five yea.._. he was located near nuckloy, in Ford County, Kansas, 
during the late '80s. Farming and the raising of stock" has supplied 
him with opjiortunities and his prosperity is represented by the 
ownership of 490 acres of land. 

On October to, 18S6, ^^'arren Sage married Orpha M. r'armer, 
daughter of George W. and ;\/atikla (I\Tacy) Farmer, bolh of whom 
were natives of Indiana. Of the six children born to their marriage 
one died in infancy, and t?ie other five are: Estella ; Loren C, who 
married Lenore Hefl't, and lives in ]\Iilroy Township; Lois, Albert 
^V. and klarold M., all living at home. In politics Warren Sage is 
a democrat though in local affairs he votes for the l.iest man, and 
he himself has no polilical asjiirations. P.oth he and his wife are 
members of the Church of God, and take much part in the afl'airs 
of iheir home church. 

The late Cliarles V.. Sage, whose career added to the honorable 
associations connected with this name in Jasper CouiUy, was born 
Septei>iber i, 1S66, in Jordan Township, Jasper County, a son of 
George and Mary J. (Harris) Sage. lie grew to manhood on the 
old homestead farm, but when about nineteen years of age went 
west, and altogether spent some ele\'en years in Kansas and Colorado. 
For three )'ears he taught school in Kansas, part of the time in the 
high school at Dodge City. He was also in the brick business for 
a while, and followed the same line after removing to Pueblo, Colo- 
rado, in ]SS8. He was at that time twenty-two years of age, and 
from that time until the close of his life was exceedingly relive and 
energetic in everything he undertook. 

On December 11, 1890, Mr. Sage married Miss Katie Hynds, 
a daughter of John and Jane (Littlejohn) Hynds, all of whom were 
born in Scotland and came to this country in 1871, settling first in 
Will County, Illinois, and later moving to the vicinity of Dodge 
City, Kansas. Mrs. Katie Sage, who since the death of her hus- 
band has shown exceptional business ability in managing the home 
farm, is the mother of seven children, one of whom died in infancy. 
The other six are: George E., Russell H., Raymond W., Mary E., 
Jeannie E. and Ruth N. 

After his marriage Charles E. Sage resumed his work as a 
teacher, and spent four years in that vocation at Overton, Colorado. 
After that for six months he was identified with the brick business 
in Colorado Springs, and then brought his faiuily back to Indiana 
and took up farming. It was as a farmer and also as a teacher that 

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he was subsequently known in Jas]ier County until his death, which 
oc(-urrcd Auj^ust 12. i(;i3. There was a host of friends to mourn the 
passinj^ of this ■\-igorous .and excellent citizen, and follow-ed his 
remains to llieir last reslin<( place in the Egyjjt Cemetery. 

Mr. Sage was a democrat, and while li\ing at Overton, Colorado, 
was an unsuccessful candidate for the office of county superintendent. 
He always took more or less active interest in politics, and in Jasjjer 
County served as township trustee four years. He was much iu 
favor of all puhlic im])rovcments, and was one of tlie active organ- 
izers and jiresident of the Farmers ^Mutual Telephone Com])any 
which huili the line connecting v;ilh the Excliange at Brook. He 
and his wife both were members of the Cluirch of God, an 1 iic had 
been a loyal and working Christian since the age of fifteen. Mr. 
Sage at the time of his death owned 320 acres of land, and this fine 
farm is now lieingwell conducted by ^Irs. Sage and the children. 
Mr-s. Sage has ahvays done [lerhaps more than the usual part of a 
woman both at home and ouLside of her home. She is an active 
church worker, has usually taught in Sunday school, and after she 
and her husband came back to Indiana she became a loyal helper to 
him in establishing a home and looking after the interests of the 
farm. Mr. Sage for some time continued school teaching after 
his return to ]ndirin:i, and for four years taught in the Schutte 
School in Newton County, and for two or three years in other dis- 
trict schools. 

Zn;A F. LiTTLi:. The pcoi)le of Goodland ha\e long looked upon 
Ziba E. Little as one of the community's best upbuilders. A long 
number of years ago he established a store which has been developed 
and carried on in progressive fashion to the present time, though lie 
is no longer actively identified, ha\ ing turned the management over 
to his son. In many other ways he has fitted into the life of the 
community and has well earned all the comforts and pleasures of 

A son of Clark S. and Sarah A. (Van Scoy) Little, Ziba F. Little 
was born in Prairie Township of White County, Indiana, August 18, 
1850. The Little ancestry was English while the \'an Scoys were 
Holland people originally. Clark S. Little was born in Ohio, while 
his wife was a natix-e of \'irginia, and when quite young they moved 
to \\"hite County and were there at a time when little development 
had been done, and they bore their full share of jtioneer responsi- 
bilities. When Ziba F. was about ten years of age his father moved 
to Brookston and engaged in the general merchandise business there 
for some fifteen or twenty years. He was born February 8, 1828, 
and died at Broolcslon in January, 1899. 

Ha^•ing gained his education in the schools of Brookston, Ziba 
F. Little at the age of eighteen left home and was employed as a 
telegrapher and station agent by the Pennsyh'ania Railroad Com- 
pany at Reynolds and Goodland. It was through his railroad service 

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thnt he first became ideiUificd with Goodland, but in 1S77 he left the 
railroad and started a store, with a modest capital and with only 
his personal integrity and enterprise to commend him to prospective 
patro]is. Out of this has been developed the large general store of 
Z. F. Little & Com))any, long recognized as one of the most pros- 
perous business establishments of Newton County. I\Ir. Little still 
employs much of his time in the store, attends to many details, though 
he no longer considers his daily presence there absolutely necessary. 
For a good many years he worked early and late, and has fully 
earned ali tlie piosiicrity which has reuaidcu his effoiU. Llis son 
Harry is now ]iresident of the company and active head of the 

In 1S75 I\Ir. Little married Anna Miner, daughter of Ilarley 
and Anna P.. (Cole) Miner, of Goodland. Two children have been 
born to their union. Harr}- and Ruby. Harry F., who is president of 
the Z. F. Little & Comjiany, married Ethel Rider, and they have a 
child named Lulu. RuIjv M. is now the wife of John W. Ilinchman, 
and their one child is named Evaline. 

In politics Mr. Little has voted the republican ticket ever since 
gaining Iiis majority. For sc\'eral 3-ears he was a member of the 
county council, served as town trustee for two or three years, and 
has made himself an acti\e factor in all public improvements. Lie 
is a past master of Goodland Lodge No. 445, Free and Accepted 
Masons, a member of the Royal Arch Chapter at Goodland, and is 
a past master of the Kniglits of Pythias Lodge in the same village. 
Both he and his wife are active members of the J^Iethodist Church. 
Mr. Little is a director of the First National Bank of Goodland, 
and served as its vice president for several years until ill health 
uiade it necessary for him to retire. 

. AuGU.STus DwiiniT Baecock. One of the scholarly members 
of the Newton County bar, Augustus Dwight Babcock, lawyer and 
author, has had a most varied experience, and is not only known as 
a legist, author and student of literature, but in the more prosaic 
field of business, having one of the largest farm insurance agencies 
in tliis section, located at Goodland. ^Ir. Babcock was born Sep- 
tember 28, 1852, on a farm three miles south of Rensselaer, in 
Marion Township. Jasper County, Indiana, and is a son of Augustus 
Dorr and Abigail (Hilt) Babcock. 

The Babcock family originated in England, and its first Ameri- 
can progenitor, one James Babcock, is found in the annals of Rhode 
Island prior to the Revolutionary war. From him have descended 
men who have achieved prominence and eminence in the various 
walks of life, men bearing the name ha^•ing fought in every Ameri- 
can war, and particularly in the Revolutionary war and the War of 
1S12. Nathan Babcock, the grandfatlier of Augustus D. Babcock, 
was born in New York State, from whence he came to Indiana, 
settling during the '40s in Carrol! County, near Delphi. About the 

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year 1848 the family moved lo Jasper CouiUy and settled in Marion 
'J'ownship, near l^cnsselaer, where Nathan Liabcock died August 
14, 1874. being laid to rest in Crockelt (.Cemetery, four miles south- 
east of Rensselaer. Augustus Dorr Babcock was born in New ^'nik 
and aceunipanied his father lo Indiana, where he passed his sln;rt 
career in farming, his death occurring October 11, 185S, when he 
\\-as but twenty-six years, eleven months of age. Like his father, 
he was Ijuried in Crockett Cemetery. Tic married Abigail Iliff, a 
daughter uf William and Hannah Iliff, natives of Preble County, 
Ohio, of l^nglish descent, and ihcy became the parents of three 
children; Augustus Dwight; Ruby Alice, who married White .'\. 
Harbison and lives al Kcntland; and Addie I3ell, the wife of Charles 

Augustus Dwight Babcock was six years of age when his father 
died, and following that event he was taken lo Rensselaer by his 
mother, wlio three years later married Moimt l-^tna Jordan, the 
family then moving to near Remington and settling on a farm. While 
workir.g on farms in Car[)enter and Jordan townships, Mr. Babcock 
secured a common school education. Inn his amljitions were bevond 
the humdruni life of the agiicullnrist, and when he reached his 
majority he began to leach scliool, a vocation which occupied 
energies for ten years, six years of this lime being passed in Grant 
Townshiji, Newton County. In this period, when he could find the 
leisure, he applied himself earnestly and eagerly to the study of 
law, and in 1885 he was admitted lo the bar at Kentland and at once 
entered practice. He has built up a good professional business and 
has an excellent standing among his fellow practitioners. Air. Bab- 
cock's energetic nature has carried him into other fields of endeavor, 
and for some years he has been the ■representative at Goodland of 
the I-Iome Insurance Company, of New York, and he has developed 
the largest farm insurance business in this part of the stale. He 
also holds stock in one of the leading financial institutions of New- 
ton County, 

In politics Mr. Babcock is a democrat, and on two occasions has 
been candidate for prosecuting attorney, but owing to political con- 
ditions has met with defeat. His fraternal connection is with 
Goodland Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons, No. 445, and he holds 
menibershi]j also in the National Geographic Association. A close 
student of literature all of his life, Mr. Babcock is possessed of no 
little talent as author and poet, his "The Silver Oar and Other 
Poems," published in 1914, having met with great success. His 
new book, a prose prc]3aration, "The End of the Trail," a romantic 
story of the Iwltle of TijJiiecanoe, will be soon placed uppon the mar- 
ket, and will no doubt go far to place Mr. Babcoclc's name among 
the literary men of tlie Iloosier state whose work is eagerly vratched 
for. He has been a cor.stant and energetic friend of education and 
has done much lo elevate the standard of the Goodland public school 
system. Plis bobby is the founding of a nniseum, which he hopes 


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to hand down to f ULiire gcaeralioiis. He already has many cnrlosilies 
from all parts of tlic world, and his collection as it is already would 
form the basis for a very respectable museum of curios. 

Mr. liabcock was married July 5, 188S, in Benton County, Indi- 
ana, to Miss Maggie A. Watt, daughter of James E. and Lydia 
(Hagenbuch) W'att, who were of Scotch-German descent, good 
substantial farming people who came to Benton County, Indiana, 
from Illinois about tlie year 1S70 and here passed the remainder of 
their lives in agricuhural i)ursuils, being honored and respected 
■i- :•■ ;: ' ..;^^,:r:;i,. Vr. and Mrs. B^LloJ. are il.j parents of 
three children: James E., who attended Lake Forest College for a 
time, a graduate of the Eogansj)ort Jlu.^iness College, and of the 
Indiana Law School, at Indianapolis, who has inherited much of 
his father's ability and is now successfully engaged in the practice 
of law at Indianapolis; .Vugustus Dorr, who is attending Hanover 
College; and Charles Dwight, a student at the Goodland High School. 
Mr. and Mrs. Babcock and their children are members of the Pres- 
byterian Church, of which Mr. Babcock for some years was a mem- 
ber of the board of trustees. 

SuMNKR H. Dickinson. A traveler through Newton County 
sees many attractive homes, not only in the thriving towns, but in 
the agi'icultural tiisLricls, the e\-!dcnccs of enterprise crowned with 
success being plentiful on e\'cry side. In Grant Townsliij5 stands 
a substaniial farm residence, around v>luch good barns and oilier 
buildings cluster and well-tilled acres stretch. E\-erytliing about the 
place wears an air of neatness and order, and evidences of good 
taste, which mark the occupants as people of intelligence, thrift and 
cultuie. Investigation shows the estate to be ]\Iaple Grove Place, 
owned by Sumner H. Dickinson, one of the leading and substantial 
citizens of Grant Township, who from modest beginnings has devel- 
oped a substantial property aggregating 644 acres. 

Mr. Dickinson was born September 27, 1855, near Battle Creek-, 
Calhoun County, Jlichigan, and is a son of Horatio N. and Miranda 
(Titus) Dickinson, natives of New York and of good old New 
England stock. As young married ixojilc ^Ir. Dickinson's parents 
removed from the Empire state to Callioun County, Michigan, where 
they continued to be engaged in farming until 1858, in that year 
going to Kankakee Comity, Illinois, and locating on a farm in the 
vicinity of the Town" of Manteno. There tlie father, who was born 
September 10, 1810, died January 2. 1S81, while the mother, who 
was born September 26, 1813, died June 21, 1901. and both were 
laid to rest in the Wilton Center Cemetery, in Will County. 

Sumner H. Dickinson was reared on his parents' farm in Kan- 
kakee County, Illinois, securing his education in the public schools, 
and was reared as a farmer, a vocation which he chose for his life 
work on attaining his majority. In 1878 he made a visit to a brother 
who had come to Newton Countv, and Iiere met Elizabeth S. Con- 

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. 628 j.ASl'lZR .\xn XEWTOX COUNTIES 

stable, of Goodland, to whom lie was iiKirried on March 28lh of 
tliat year. She was a dauglucr of Richard and .Mary (Knight) Con- 
stable, early settlers and highly res])ected j.eo])!.' of Grant Townshii). 
With his young bride, Mr. Dickinson relurned to Illinois, InU he 
had seen enou-h of Newton County to feel tli;a it was a very 
desirable jilacc to live, and in 1S83 returned to this community and 
look up his residence in section 29, Grant Township, where he has 
since lived, llis beginning here was a modest one, but as the years 
passed he added from time to time to liis holdings and now with his 
sou, L. A. Dickinson, has 644 acres, in a high state of cultivation, a 
projjcity which gains its name from a fine maple grove. The excel- 
lent buildings on the farm have been the result of his enterprise, 
and in every sense, he may be justly considered a model and modern 
farmer. In addition to general farming, he has specialized to some 
extent in the breeding of Aberdeen- Angus cattle, and in this depart- 
ment has also achieved a satisfying success. 

During his residence in Grant Township Mr. Dickinson has 
contributed liberally of his time and means in the movements that 
have been promoted to better ditch and road conditions. A republi- 
can in his political views, he served two terms as county commissioner 
of Newton County, was then defeated by three votes for a third 
term, but at the following election was again returned tlie \ictor 
and entered upon the duties of his office January i, 1915. His entire 
public service has been one A\hich has given his fellow-citizens tlie 
utmost satisfaction. ITc has never been an office seeker, and the 
honors which have conic to him have come unsought. AVith his 
family, Mr. Dickinson belongs to the Ba])tist Church, being a mem- 
ber of the congregation at Goodland. Aside from his farm he has 
various interests, and is a director in the First National Bank of 

Mr. and Mrs. Dickinson have been the parents of four children, 
namely: I\Iiss Lillian M., who resides with her parents; Lawrence 
A., who married Essie Cole and lives in Union Township, Benton 
County, Lidiana, on a farm; Floyd, who is deceased; and Harold 
R., a graduate of the class of 1916, Franklin College. 

Albert P. The name of Albert P. Stephens is 
familiar among the agriculturists of Newton County as belonging 
to one of its most industrious citizens and a man who possesses an 
excellent standing in business circles. He has been the architect 
of his own fortune, making his way in the world from a modest 
beginning to one of substantiality, and has proven a fine example 
of the results of a wise economy, patient industry and good judg- 

Mr. Stephens was born May 25, 1854, in Knox County, Illinois, 
near the Town of Abingdon, and is a son of Richard and Caroline 
M. (Adair) Stephens. His parents, of German and Irish descent, 
respectively, were born in Highland County, Ohio, and in 1852 


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moved to Illinois, settling- first in Knox County, from whence they 
moved to McLean County, in the same state. Tlicre they passed 
the remaining years of their lives in farming, and were among 
their community's well known and highly esteemed iicople. Alljcrt 
P. Stephens was five years old when taken to IMcLean County, and 
there he grew to manhood, securing his education in the public 
schools. He was married in 1880 to Aliss Elva Ralhmann, daughter 
of A\'illiam and Louisa (Kuntz) Rathmann, residents of McLean 
County, Illinois, of German descent, and to this union there has 
been born one daughter. Miss Alma L., who resides with her parents. 

jNIr. Stephens continued to be engaged in farming in McLean 
County with a fair degree of success until 1895, in the spring of 
which year he came to Newton County, Indiana, and settled on his 
present farm, located in section 25, Grant Township. Fairview 
Farm, as this property is known, is a tract of eighty acres, all in a 
high- state of cultivation, and emliellished with all needful farm 
buildings, not the least :miong which is Mr. Stephens' comfortable 
residence. General farming has been given the major part of his 
attention and a proper rotation of crops yields a handsome income, 
but he has also been engaged to sonie extent in stock raising, a 
department of farming activity in which he has also gained success. 

]\Ir. Stephens casts his vote and influence in behalf of repub- 
lican principles, and at various times has served his community in 
official capacities, having been road supervisor for eight years and 
township trustee for six years. With his family, he attends the 
Baptist Church. By his habits of industry he has built up a good 
hon-ie for himself and family, and acquired a competence for his 
declining years. He is progressive in his ideas, liberal and public- 
spirited, and in noting his surroundings and the respect in which 
he is held in Grant Tovvnship, it must be admitted that he is the 
possessor of a large share of all that makes life desirable. 

George Ormiston. Among the honored citizens of Newton 
County who have retired from active pursuits after many years 
passed in agricultural operations, one who is a familiar figure at 
Goodland is George Ormiston, whose residence in this county covers 
a period of forty-five years. After conducting a large and valuable 
property of his own during many years, Mr. Ormiston became the 
superintendent of large and important outside interests, of which 
he was the overseer until 1912, when' declining years caused him to 
surrender them to younger hands, and at the present time he is 
■living quietly, enjoying the comforts that a life of industry has 
brought to him. 

George Ormiston ^vas born in County Selkirk, Scotland, Novem- 
ber 25, 1835, and there grew to mauhoud and received ordinary 
educational advantages. He had just attained his majority when 
he emigrated to the L'nited States, lieing possessed at that tiiue of 
but little save his ambition and nati\-e determination and industry. 

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He settled first at Hainniond, St. Lawrence County, New York, 
but in May of the following year moved to Cuba, in the same stale, 
and was variously employed until October, 1862, when he enlisted 
in the Twenty-eighth Independent Battery, New York Volunteer 
Light Artillery. Although this regiment saw some active fighting 
at the front and one time went as far south as South Carolina, the 
greater part of its service was confined to guarding New York, 
where it had some part in the suppression of the draft riots. En- 
listing as a private, ]\Ir. Ormiston was jn-omoled to sergeant of his 
company, and was acting in that capacity at the time of his honorable 
discharge at New Y'orlc, July 30, 1865. 

When he was mustered out of the service, Mr. Ormiston returned 
to Cuba, New York, and there resided until Februar)', 1871, when 
he came to Newton County and took uji his residence on the north- 
east quarter of section 35, in Iroquois Township, where he devel- 
ojjcd a valuable and fertile farm, and where he resided until 189.?. 
He still is the owner of 120 acres in Newton County, operated by a 
tenant. Elijah B. Hunter, a large landowner of Goodland, was 
taken care of by Mr. Ormiston for about six months, and when he 
died, in April, 1895. j\lr. Ormiston became overseer of the six farms 
belonging to Mr. Hunter's widow. In 1912, owing to his advanced 
years, Mr. Ormiston decided to give uj) his active labors and at the 
present time h.e confines himself to looking after his investments 
and landed interests. 

Mr. Ormiston was married February 5, 1S73, to Miss Calista 
A. Watson, a daughter of Harvey and Effie (Miller) Watson, of 
Cuba, New York, and of Scotch-German descent. To this union 
there was born one son : Robert W., who lives with his parents 
and manages the HuiUer estate ; he married Maggie Ewing and has 
one son, Leslie E., who is now three years of age. Mr. Ormiston is 
a republican, and while he bas never sought public office, served for 
two years as a township supervisor while living in Iroquois Town- 
ship. He is a Presbyterian in his religious belief and for many years 
has been an elder in the church, while Mrs. Ormiston is an adherent 
of the Baptist faith. :\Ir. Ormiston has always been in favor of 
public imi:)rovements, and the old Ormiston Ditch was named in 
his honor because of his activities in promoting public-spirited 
movements, but the name has since been changed. His career has 
been one in which he has illustrated the ability through which men 
overcome early limitations, and the position of prominence and inde- 
pendence which he now occupies should prove an incentive to youths 
who are compelled to make their start in life in what they may 
consider discouraging circumstances. 

Thomas Ram.s..\v. An ever increasing prosperity has rewarded 
the efiforts of Thomas Ramsay ever since his arri\'al in Newton 
County in 1885. To this community he brought an earnest purjjose 
and strong physical equlinncnt which had combined previous to tliis 

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time 10 cotinleract in Irirge degree the disadvantage of having had to 
enter upon iiis career without financial assistance and with only 
ordinary educational training. Plis lahors in the vocations of farm- 
ing and slockraising were prosecuted with such vigor that in March. 
1908, he was ahle to retire with a satisfying competence, all gained 
through his own efforts, and at the present time he is the owner of 
360 acres of valuable land, in addition to having other interests. 

Mr. Ramsay was born June 11, 1849, in Ayrshire, Scotland, 
witlitn two miles of the h.irthnlacc of one of his present fellow- 
townsmen, John Cochrane, also a retired farmer. ]\Ir. Ramsay was 
not quite twenty-one years of age when he arrived 'in America, 
June 9, 187T, having secured a public school education in his native 
land, and his first place of residence was the City of Chicago. On 
October 9th of the same year occurred the great conflagration which 
practically destroyed the Illinois metropolis and the story of which 
has passed into history, and ]Mr. Ramsay passed through the ex- 
citing experiences incident to the fire and was employed in various 
capacities in assisting to rebuild the city. After four years at Chi- 
cago, in 1875 '""^ moved with his parents, William and Susannah 
(Armour) Ramsay, who had come to America in the fall of 1874, 
to Indiana, settling northwest of Jilonon, in White County. After 
two years there the family moved four miles north of Ren.iington, 
where they spent one year, and subsequently went to Union Town- 
ship, Benton County, where tliey spent three years on the farm of 
James E. Watts. Both parents passed away in White County. 

On leaving Benton County, Mr. Ramsay came to Jasper County 
and spent four years in Carpenter Township, and in 1883 moved to 
Grant Township, Newton County, where he made his home until 
the time of his retirement. His start as an agriculturist was not an 
auspicious one, as he had but little capital, but, with the able assist- 
ance of his faithful and devoted wife, he was soon started on the 
highroad of success, and as the years passed he accumulated more 
.and more land and eventually became one of the substantial men 
of his community. He is the owner of a well-developed property of 
360 acres, on which are improvements of a modern character, a 
farm which stands as a monument to his ability and perseverance. 
Mr. Ramsay is a stockholder in the First National Bank of Good- 
land and has other interests. 

In June, 1876, while living in White County, I\Ir. Ramsay was 
married at Monticello to Miss Margaret McCullough, who was born 
in the North of Ireland, of Scotch descent, and was brought to 
America when a young lady by her parents, both of whom passed 
their last years near Londonderry, Ireland. Mr. and Mrs. Ramsay 
have no children. They are faithful members and generous sup- 
porters of the Presbyterian Church, and i.vere contributors to the 
fund which was raised to build the church of this denomination at 
Goodland. They reside in their comfortable home at Goodland, 
where they are enjoying the fruits of their years of useful and 

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honest toil, and have the respect and rcf;ard of their neighljors and 
numerous friends and acquaintances. \Miilc ]\rr. Ramsay has been 
a supporter of the republican party, he has never sought pubh'c 
oflicc, nor has he joined secret or other orders. His hfe has been 
passed quielly and contentedly as an agriculturist and in the pro- 
motion of the movements and institutions which have resulted in tlie 
upbuilding and development of one of the most jirospcrous com- 
munities of this part of the state. 

George Daniels. The well kept and productive farm of George 
Daniels lies in a fertile tract of Barkley Township, with the \'illage 
of Parr as his postoflice. ]\Ir. Daniels has lived in Jasper County 
all his life, and by industry and close attention to business afl'airs 
has reached a position of substantial independence and has provided 
well for the family which has grown up around him and the mem- 
bers of which are now established in homes of their own with one 

It was on the old Daniels homestead in Jasper County that 
George Daniels was born February 16, 1850, a son of Shelby and 
Mary (English) Daniels, who in the very early days came to 
Western Indiana from Champaign County, Ohio, and secured a 
quarter section, 160 acres, direct from the Govemmcnl, paying ?!.25 
per acre. That land is now highly improved and is worth many 
times its original cost. On the old homestead they reared a family 
of Qight children named Martha, William, Ellen, Rody, George, 
Charles, Thomas and Harris. Of these sons the oldest, William, 
saw active ser\-ice in the Civil war as a member of an Indiana regi- 
ment, and after the war came back to the old home farm, where 
subsequently he bought the inteiests of the other heirs. The father 
died in 1877, '>'i<^l 'li*^ mother in 187G. 

Reared in Jasper County during the decades of the '50s and '60s, 
and attending such schools as then offered their facilities to the 
growing children, George Daniels has made fanning his regular 
vocation, and after leaving the home of his parents began by hard 
work to improve a place of his own. On March 13, 1879, he married 
Miss I\Iandy Ott. To their marriage have been bom six children : 
Voida, deceased; Alonzo Roy; Waller; John and Ira. All these 
children are now married except Ira. Among the possessions which 
Mr. George Daniels prizes because of family associations is an old 
flint lock musket which originall)' belonged to his grandfather, and 
which is now nearly 200 years old. Mr. Daniels' father had occa- 
sion to use this same gun about 1861 or 1862 when there was re- 
ported to be a conspiracy among the rebel sympathizers in lliis 
section of Indiana to capture Rens.';elaer. 

Robert Zick. There is no more progressive citizen in Walker 
Township than Robert Zick, whose life has been spent here in the 
quiet and thrifty worlc of the agriculturist and a good citizen for 

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more than lialf a cenlun'. His is a name that is respected for hoth 
what he is and what lie has done, and it means much to any com- 
munity to have such earnest workers and pubhc spirited men as 
Robert Zick among its citizens. 

Though lie Avas born in LaPorte County, Indiana, Octohei' 12, 
1858, Robert Zick rejirescnts a family that previous to that lime 
and only a few years later again became identified -with Jasper 
Coiu.ity. The Zicks were among the pioneers here and many acres 
were turned by tlie plow for the first time under their jandaiice, 
and they were the class of people who did most to develop Ihe early 
resources and reclaim them from the wilderness. His parents were 
Michael and Wilhelmina (Sauer) Zick. They were married 
about 1854 in Rensselaer of Jasper County, moved from there to 
LaPorte County, but in November, 18C4, returned to Jasper County 
and settled in Walker Township. Here they acquired a tract of 
school land, direct from the Government, and a portion of that land 
lias never passed out of the family name and is now owned and 
operated by I^ouis Ziclc. IMiehael Zick was in his time a very in- 
dustrious farmer and a man whose character and conduct were 
above reproach. He acquired a large amount of land, was hard 
working from boyhood until his later years, and could be depended 
upon to support public movements in his community. Pie v/as an 
active democrat and did much to support and maintain schools in 
his community and was a school director for a number of years. 
In church affairs he was a Lutheran. He was laid to rest in the 
Wheatfield Cemetery November 6, 191 1, and his beloved wife was 
buried there March 11, 1907. In their family were five children: 
Gustie, Robert, Mildred, Allie and Louis, all of whom are married 
except Robert and Louis. 

The children of this family were all reared in Jasper County, 
and they gained their education from schools which represented the 
tyjjical standards of educational equipment at that time but were far 
inferior in every point to the modern school system of Jasper 
County. The school where Zick children learned their first lessons 
was held in an old log cabin, and was known as the Hershman 
School. It was about two miles from the Zick home, and the 
children walked back and forth every day during the school term, 
though the boys of the family were in regular attendance only during 
the winter seasons, their services being required at home for farm 
duties during the rest of the year. In this way Robert Zick grew to 
manhood and when about twenty years of age was practically inde- 
pendent and working for his own support. He was employed on 
his father's place, and still occupies a part of the old homestead. 
He is generally reputed to be one of the most progressive farmers 
m Walker Township. While doing much to keep his own farm up 
to the best standards, he has not neglected those public improve- 
ments which are of equal benefit to every citizen, and he was the 

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leading petitioner and was chiefly responsible for the construction of 
the Zick ditch through Iiis part of tlic township. He believes in any 
kind of public enterprise that will benefit future generations, and 
has already seen the fruitage of some movements which he started 
many years ago. Mr. Zick is unmarried. He is a democrat, was 
elected township trustee, and for a long number of years lias been 
road supervisor in his district. 

Hon. ^\■^n.T\^^ W (^^ir m \ n- In tjip dentb of \\'i1h'nm W. Gil- 
man, which occurred Xo\-emLer 12, 1910, Newton County lost one 
of its oldest and most honored citizens. Mr. Oilman came to New- 
ton County nearly half a century ago, was instrumental in (lc\elop- 
ing a portion of the wild land lo the uses of cultivation, was very 
successful as a farmer, but is probably best remembered for his 
leading position in the republican party in ^^'estern Indiana and 
for his long record of official service. 

Although he came to Newton County from Illinois, he was Iiorn 
in Essex County, New "^'ork, September 4, 1834. His parents were 
Hiram and Elizabeth (Palmer) Oilman, both of English descent, 
the former a native of Vermont and the latter of New York. Wil- 
liam ^^^ was the second in a family of five children. Hiram Gil- 
man left New York in 1S53. and after two years in Illinois moved 
to the northwestern fronlicr in Alinncsota, and died in tliat state 
in 1868. His widow sin-\i\cd him, and subsequently resided in 

Of sturdy New York State stock, reared as a farmer boy and 
with such ad\-antages as tiie puljlic schools of his day and genera- 
tion could supply, and like many stiu'dy eastern boys, as soon as 
he reached his majority, he set out to find his fortune in ihe West. 
For seven years he li\-ed in ^Minnesota Territory and .Stale, and was 
there during the formative period of Minnesota's history. Before 
he was twenty-one years of age he had served as a road super- 
visor in Minnesota. From Minnesota he went to Illinois and lived 
in Kankakee County five years, and then in the fall of 1868 identi- 
fied himself permanently with Newton County, Indiana, locating 
in Grant Township. For se\-eral years he was a teacher both in 
Illinois and Newton County. In 1S69 he bought a farm and there- 
■ after for a number of years was closely identified with agricultural 
enterprise and the many public duties to which he was called by 
choice of the people. He was noted for his liberality and his readi- 
ness to serve other interests than his own. 

The first presidential vote he ever cast was for Abraham Lin- 
coln at the beginning of the Civil war period. In Newton County 
he became one of tlie strongest representatives of that party and was 
almost a dominant factor in political affairs for many years. He 
was seldom defeated as a candidate, and filled nearly all the offices 
within the gift of the people of his home township and county. 
He was elected trustee of Grant Township in 1870 and re-elected in 

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1872, makings four years in that office; was elected clerk of the 
District Court of Newton Count}' in 1874; and then in 1880 went 
to the Lc'.nslatiirc as joint representative from Newton and Jasper 
counties, and \vas re-elected in 18S2. lie proved a very valuable 
memlier of tlie Eegislature. He was a student and a practical man 
of affairs, and originated and influenced much of the legislation 
adopted during those four years. In 1896, as a democrat, he suf- 
fered defeat in another campaign for the State Senate. He was 
afliliated with Lodge No. 445, Ancient Free and Accepted Masons 
at Goodland. lie was very aclivc in the -\I>>ihodist Episcopal 
Church, he and his wife having been members of that denomination 
from the time of their marriage. j\Ir. Gilman was laid to rest 
in the Goodland Cemetery. 

March 12, 1854, he married Miss Harriet C. Morse, daughter 
of William and Mary Morse of Essex County, New York. She 
was born December 18, 1835, and is still living at her home just 
south of Goodland at the venerable age of fourscore. A brief rec- 
ord of the nine children born to them is as follows: Minnie E., 
first married Douglas Adams, and is now the wife of Milton Werts- 
baugh and they live near Dustan, Nebraska. Their three children 
are named Leone, Edgar and Minnie. Hiram F., the second, and 
Merritt J., the third child, arc both now deceased. 

William Ifcnry, the fourth in the family, was born January 21, 
1862, and lives at Goodland. By his marriage to Sadie Turner, he 
is the father of live children named W'illiam F., May M., Edna F., 
Hope V. and Ruth F. 

Frederick D., the fifth, also lives at Goodland. He has been 
twice married. His hrst was Lorena Wilson and his second wife 
Dora W'ickwire. The cliildren of the first marriage are Owen, 
Hazel, Wayne, Marian, Leona and Grace, and the one child of the 
present union is Merritt.' 

Jessie C, the sixth in the family, first married John Lovett, by 
whom she is the mother of two children, Gladys and Leslie, and is 
now the wife of Frank Hitt, and lives in Chicago. 

Nellie E., the seventh child, married Albert I'alton and of her 
five children the three now living are Owen, Fern and Crystal Pearl. 

The eighth in the family is Jennie C, wife of Dr. O. H. Mohney 
and living in Goodland. 

George W., the youngest, was born November 22, 1S75, 'i"*^' 
married Maude Davidson. 

John Ape. Tliough in his sincere, earnest and useful life the 
late John Ade had no thought or desire to proclaim liinihclf apart 
from the goodly company of the "plain people," yet the \ery texture 
of his individuality gave him definite facility for leadership in popu- 
lar sentiment and action, and his intellectual strenglli, his mental 
vigor and his high sense of personal stewardship made obscurity for 
him a thing in tlic realm of the impossible. He was one of the 

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favored mortals whom nature launches into the sea of life \vith the 
lieritage of a sturdy ancestry, a splendid physique, a masterful mind, 
and energy enough for many men. Planted in a metropolis, he 
would have used his talents in competing witli and uplifting his 
fellow men. Kstahlished in a rural community, he used them in 
developing the things that the environment needed. John Adc wa.s 
the type of a true gentleman and a representative of the hcst in 
community life, dignified and yet possessed of an affability tliat won 
him warm friends among "all classes and conditions of men." He 
was a positive force ami a ijenignant force in all of the relations of 
a significantly long and ^^•orthy career, ami the influence that he 
wielded jnade him one of the best known and most honored citizens 
of the county in which he so long lived and labored to goodly ends. 
He established his liome in N'ewton County, Indiana, in the year 
that its organization was formed, and here he continued to maintain 
his residence until his death. Not too often or through the medium 
of too many vehicles can tribute be paid to this honored pioneer of 
Newton County, and it is gratifying to be able to present in this 
publication a brief review of his career, a memoir whose freedom 
from ponderous eulogy shall mark it as being in consonance with the 
personality of the strong, simjile and kindly gentleman to wliom it 
is dedicated. 

John Ade was born in Sussex County, England, on the 2ISl of 
September, 1828, and was the oldest in a family of six children. He 
was a son of John and Esther (Wood) Ade, and he was a lad 
of about twelve years at the time of the family immigration to the 
United States, in 1840. A home was established near the City of 
Cincinnati, Ohio, and there the subject of this memoir was afforded 
advantages that supplemented the educational discipline which he 
had received in his native land. A sturdy and ambitious youth, he 
was soon found serving a practical apprenticeship to the trade of 
blacksmith, in which he became a skilled workman and to the work 
of which he gave his attention about five years. From 7849 to 1851 
he presided With dignity over a toll gate near Cincinnati. In 1851 
was solemnized the marriage of ^Ir. yVde to Miss Adaline Bush, of 
Cheviot, Hamilton County, Ohio, and in 1S53 ^'''^7 removed to 
Iroquois County, Illinois. A few weeks later, however, they estab- 
lished their home at Morocco, Indiana, a village that is now included 
within the environs of Newton County. Tliis county was organized 
and duly constituted in the year i860, and at the first election of 
officers in the new county Mr. Ade was elected county recorder, 
whereupon he removed to Kentland, which had been designated as 
the judicial center of the county. Of this office he continued the 
incumbent until 1864, v.hen he was elected county auditor, a jiosilion 
of which he continued in tenure until 1868. These preferments 
indicate significantly the influential status of Mr. Ade in connection 
with the go\'ernmenfal affairs of the county during the early period 
of its history, and show alike that Ins was inviolable place in the 



jconfidcncc and good will of the people. Soon after liis retirement 
from the oflice of conniy auditor ihe Discount and Deposit Bank 
of Kentlnnd was organized, and he accej^ted the position of cashier 
of the same. He continued his effective service in this capacity for 
many years, and in 1875 he became one of the interested principals 
or stockholders of the institution, to the upbuilding of which he 
had contributed j^rcatly. Though his well ordered activities in this 
connection and in association with other lines of enterprise, including 
farming, Mr. Ade became one of the substantial men of Newton 
County, and his public spirit was ever on a parity with his sure and 
appreciative stewardship in coimection with ci\ ic and business affairs. 
His life was essentially one of service, and well has it been said that 
"he who serves is royal," for no other i)atent of nobility can equal 
this. Without entering into the great white light of publicity, John 
Ade pursued his course toward the goal of all that is desirable and 
ennobling in life, concentrating his resources and lifting them into 
the sphere of VvOrthy aciiic\ement. His fair fame rests not on the 
idea of mere iinancial success but upon the firm basis of work 
accomplished and honors worthily won. His character was the 
positive expression of a strong and loyal nature, and in studying 
his clear-cut, sane, distinct character, interpretation follows fact in 
a straight line of derivation. 

Mr. Ade was for many years actively afliliatcd with the time- 
honored Masonic fraternity, in which he held membership in Kent- 
land Lodge, Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, at the time of his 
death. In iiob'tics he was a stalwart and well forlilied advocate of 
the principles of the republican party, and both he and his wife 
were zealous members of the Christian Cliurch, in which he served 
in official position for mam- years. 

Mr. and Mrs. Ade became the parents of seven children: Anna, 
William, Alice, Joseph, Emma, George and Ella. I'he devoted wife 
and mother passed to the life eternal, and of their children Anna is 
the wife of John W. Randall; William is a resident of Kenlland, 
Indiana; Alice is the wife of John G. Davis; Joseph is a farmer of 
Newton County; Emma died November 28,. 1865, at the age of five 
years; George has occupied a high vantage-place and "told the 
people a lot of things," his fame as an author and dramatist being 
such that mere words in this connection would be superfluous. 

Mr. Ade was essentially an appreciative reader and student, 
and it was his privilege and pleasure to give to his children the 
best possible educational ad^■antages. tie himself wrote with vigor 
and directness, and one of his noteworthy works was the prejxara- 
tion of a most interesting history of the Kankakee region, includ- 
ing Newton County, this having been published in book form and 
having called forth high commendation from authoritative sources. 

Josi'i'H E. Iliff. The pioneer movement from the Eastern 
states to Indiana was at its height in the '30s and among those who 



sought homes here were the Ihffs, the rarkisoas and the ilcCoUys, 
and their descendants still possess their old farms and in character 
perpetuate their sturdy virtues. Within less than a decade after 
the- first white settlement was made in Jasper County, John Alor- 
rison lliff and his wife, ^\nn Elizahcth (Parkison) Iliff, located in 
Barkley To\\nship. The latter was a daug'hter of John G. Parki- 
son, extended notice of whom appears elsewhere. They passed their 
quiet, beneficent lives in Barkley Township and their ashes rest in 
the old Parkison burying ground. 

Probably the binh oi Joseph Pranldm ilifl, son of Juhii Mor- 
rison and Ann Elizabeth (Parkison) lliff, vvEich occurred on Christ- 
mas day, 184J, was one of the very first after the organization 
of the township. His opportunities for education were limited be- 
cause as soon as he was old enough to attend the district schools, 
his services were needed on the farm and he gave his father help 
until the breaking out of the Civil war and President Lincoln issued 
his first call for troops, when he enlisted for three months in a local 
regiment. Upon the expiration of this term he re-enlisted, becoming 
a member of Company G, Ninth Indiana Volunteer Infantry. After 
serving faithfully in this regiment for one year he was honorably 
discharged on account of disability. 

Mr. Iliff returned then to Jasper County and soon resumed his 
farm industries and continued them until 186S, when he moved to 
Lincoln, Nebraska. After residing there for se\ en year-; he re- 
turned to Jasper County wliere he made his home until in Uecember, 
191 1, when he removed to ilanchester, Tennessee, where he still 
resides. He is a man of sterling character and becomes infiuential 
wherever he chooses to make his home. His political views have 
led him to give hearty support to the republican party. For many 
years he has been a Mason and an Odd Fellow. Mr. llil'f never 
accejjted any public office except that of trustee of Barkley Town- 

In 1S63 Mr. Ilifl^ was married to Aliss Henrietta S. Shields, and 
to them were born six children ; John W'., who is deceased ; Charles 
Frederick; Laura A., who is 2\Irs. James Comer; Ellis E., who is a 
resident of Hoopston, Illinois; Frank E., who is in business at 
Watseka, Illinois; and Ora E., who is deceased. The father of 
Mrs. Ihff, William Shields, was an early settler in Jasper County. 
Mrs. Ihfif died in August, 1896. 

Charles Fuf.deeick Iliff. Fortunately for the world, there 
are men who love the farm and who, from choice, make farnfing a 
life business. These are the agriculturists who succeed in their 
farm undertakings and to whom are often entrusted responsibilities 
involving many thousands of dollars annually. One of these compe- 
tent farmers is found in Cliarles F'rederick Iliff, or, as he is famil- 
iarly known, "Fred" Iliff, the only member of his father's family 
now living in Jasjjcr County. He was boi'n in Barkley Townshi]), 


^11 ^ii,:.. ;.T 

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Jasper County, Indiana, December 25, 1S66, the eldest surviving 
son of Joseph Fraiddin and Henrietta S. (Shields) Iliff, the latter 
of whom is deceased. Ele grew up on a farm and was educated in 
the puljlic schools. He has always followed farming- as an occupa- 
tion and at ])resont is the capable manager of a 3,000-acre farm, a 
])ortion of the Simon 1'. Thompson estate, which lies in l.'nion 

On November 10, 1895, i\Ir. lliff was married to Miss Hilary L. 
McColly, who is a daughter of Willis H. McColly, and a grand- 
daughter of Clark ]\lcColly, who was one of the early settlers of 
Jasper County. Mr. and Mrs. Ililt have had three children: Ora 
Opal, Bernicc Pearl and Florence Latonia. The second daughter 
died July 22, 1913, at the age of fifteen years. 

Mr. lliff is affiliated with the republican party and as a well 
informed man takes much interest in public matters especial]}- in 
these days of national anxiety. Me has long been a meml)er of the 
order of Odd Fellows. 

James Eex.vett B.vr.cocK. The pioneers of Jasper County met 
with hazards and hardships which are happily spared the present 
generation. It is difficult to picture the present richly cultivated 
and productive fields as wild, unbroken, uninhabited prairie, but 
such a sight met the eyes of James l:'.ennett Cabcock when he carne 
here in early days. Although accustomed to conditions prevailing in 
an old settled section, he was not discotiraged, on the other hand, 
being already trained as a farmer he saw great possibilities in the 
virgin soil and located on a tract situated y/j miles southeast of 

James Pjennett Pjabcock was born in Courtland Cotmty, New 
York, December 16, 1834. He was the fourth son in a family of 
eight children Ijorn to his parents, Nathan and Ruth (Foster) 
Babcock. He married early as was more or less customary in those 
days but died five years later, a victim, perhaps, of hard work. He 
was a man of exemjilary life and a devout member of the Missionary 
Baptist Church. liis death occurred in October, 1858. 

James Bennett Babcock was married in August, 1S53, to Ellen 
Jane Price, who was one of a family of four children born to lier 
parents, Joseph and Esther (Elwood) Price. They were natives of 
Logan County, Ohio, and there Mrs. Price died, after which, in 
the early '50s, Joseph Price and his three daughters came to Jasper 
County, Indiana. They, like other pioneers, endured many depriva- 
tions and hardships the like of which none of their descendants 
know. To James B. Babcock and wife three children were born : 
Frank J., Nathan B. and James Llewellyn, all on the old Babcock 
honiestead, where ihe second son, Natlian B. died. The cnrlv death 
of Mr.' Babcock fell heavily on his family, liis children all b-inif yet 
.young, nevertheless they were faithfully cared for by the mother, 
who, despite her heavy cares, survived into advanced ao-e. 



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James Llewellyn Baiicock. Born in a los^ cabin on his faUici's 
pioneer farm, in Marion Townsliip, Jasper County, Indiana, James 
L. Babcock had few educational advantages and worked liard even 
in boyhood. He gave what assistance he could on the home farm 
and also herded the cattle on the great open spaces of country when 
all his faculties had to be kept alert to keep them from straying and 
to protect them from possible attack from wolves that yet infected 
the stretches of woodland. When he reached manhood he moved 
from JNIarion to Carpenter Township and in 1893 came from there 
to his present valuable farm in Union Township. Here he owns 
182 acres which he operates in connection with raising stock. His 
undertakings arc carried on with prudence and good judgment and 
he is numbered with the successful agriculturists of Jasper Cotmty. 

On October 10, 1889, Mr. Babcock was united in marriage with 
Miss Alice Gray, a daughter of the late James Gray, formerly a 
well known farmer of this county. To this marriage three ciiiklren 
have been born : Blanch, who is the wife of Walter M. English, of 
Rensselaer, Indiana; and Edna and James. 

In politics Mr. Babcock is a republican and fraternally is identi- 
fied with the Knights of Pythias. He began life's battle on his own 
responsibility with no material outside assi.stance and the success 
he has achieved has been entirely through his own enterprise and 
industry. He is one of Union Township's most respected citizens. 

. Hon. \\'iLLiAAf L. \\'ood. Prominent among Jasper County's 
men of worth and achievement is Hon. William L. Wood, farmer, 
merchant, jniblic official and statesman, widely known because of his 
honorable identification with many interests. He was born at Deers- 
ville, Harrison Cotmty, Ohio, Eebruary 25, 1867, and is a son of 
Samuel Cope and Rebecca (Mahan) Wood. 

On the paternal side the ancestry is Scotch and the founder of 
the family, in America, was William Wood, who reached the Ameri- 
can colonies just two years before the war of the Revolution was 
declared, and threw in his efforts with the patriot army, taking part 
in the battle of the Brandywine and afterward serving ecpially well 
as a soldier at other points. He probably settled subsequently in 
Ohio, and reared a family, one of his sons, Thoinas, becoming the 
father of Samuel Cope Wood, and this brings the record down to 
recent years. On the maternal side an ancestor was, in the person 
of William Brown, an English Quaker preacher. 

At Deersville, Ohio, in i860, Samuel Cope Wood and Rebecca 
Mahan were united in marriage and to this union eight children were 
born: Jessie, Mary Jane, ^\'iIliam L., Hannah Elizabeth, Ann Eliza, 
Linnie Adeline, Taylor Fremont, Harry ^Telvillc and Blaine, .-i!i sur- 
viving exce):)t Ann Eliza, w!;o died July 29, 1870. The father of 
the above family engaged in fanriing and stockraising and in CMiio 
gave much attention to sheep. In 1877 'ic mo\ed to Jasper County, 
Indiana, reaching here on Xovember 7th of that year. He settled 

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first in Marion To\viisliip hnl later removed to Harelny Townshiii and 
there died on Novenilier i, 1S95. He was a rcpuldiean in jioliiics 
but ])oIitical agitation displeased him and he would ne\cr ctmscnt 
to hold any public office. The mother of the above family survived 
until October 5, 1897. 

William L. Wood attended the public schools in Barkley Town- 
ship and during two terms was a student in the normal school at 
Rensselaer. When his fifteenth birthday came he decided he was 
old enough to become self-supporting, and this resolution he never 
regretted although, no doubt, on many occasiuiis lie found, difiicuii 
obstacles in his path to be surmounted. He still further progressed 
in his books and for fifteen years has been a member of the comity 
bar. Farming- for many years was his vocation and for ten years 
he was in the grain business, and for a period co^ered by twenty- 
three years was in the mercantile line, first at Aix and later at Parr, 
retiring from the same in February, 1913.' During his long term 
as a merchant he was postmaster of the above villages and also 
was railroad express agent. 

These many important industries, intelligently, carefully and suc- 
cessfidly carried on, served to bring Mr. Wood a v\-ide acquaintance 
and jiublic confidence and this was expressed by his election in 
1914 to the State Legislature. The records will show how busy 
and useful a member he was. He served on the following com- 
mittees : State Prison Aiifairs, Drains and Dykes, Government 
Apportionment, Fees and Salaries, Federal Relations, Insurance and 
Benevolent and Scientific Institutions. Mr. Wood introduced the 
following important bill in relation to elections. Its features were : 
compelling petitioners asking subsidy elections be seventy-five instead 
of twenty-five and that they file bond with commission.ers guaran- 
teeing the cost of any special election that might be called. In case 
election failed petitioners to pay the cost, if carried, the cost to be 
deducted from subsidy voted. He also introduced an amendment 
to a law on the statute books since 1869. The full value of his as 
of other public men's services will be better appreciated as time 
goes by, for a jierspective aflorded by time is helpful in viewing 
achievements of the present. 'Mr. Wood made an honorable and 
highly efficient record in the General Assembly, perfectly satisfy- 
ing to his friends and constituents. 

On November 16, 1889, Mr. Wood was married to Miss Margaret 
E. Price, a daughter of William and Isabel (Whited) Price. They 
came to Indiana from Ohio in 1836 and Mr. Price settled in Barclay 
Township, where he conducted a blacksmith shop. He died July 3, 
1900, and his burial was in the Pra) ter cemetery in Barclay Town- 
ship. Of his ten children, eight sur\ive. Mr. and Mrs. Wood have 
had two children: Milton G., Viho died in infancy; and Ocie Olive. 
The family belongs to the Christian Church and are interested in 
Sunday school work. Mr. \\'ood is identified with Earl Lodge, 

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Free and Accqited :Masoiis, at Rose Lawn, and with the Odd Fel- 
lows at ]^arr. 

John M. Mooke. The clians^es tliat come over an agricnitural 
section in the lapse of forty-seven years when they are the result 
of well directed intelligent industry, are indeed mar\clous, and in 
no part of Indiana are these more marked than in Jasper County. 
The majority of the pioneers who came here shortly after the close 
of the great Civil war were largely home-seekers, men and women 
accustomed to everyday toil, and willing to assume still heavier 
labor if, thereby, they might secure ownership of land. Some came 
too late in life and died before their hopes were realized, but they 
usually left descendants and they are the ones wdio, almost a half 
century later, possess the goodly heritage their fathers saw. Among 
the families settling in Jasper County in i86S was one named Moore, 
a worthy representative of which is found today in John M. ;\Ioore. 
a respected citizen and substantial farmer of Barkley Township. 

John ]\I. Moore was born in Pennsylvania, May 23, 1849, ''"cl is 
a son of Moses and Sarah (Tice) Moore, the former of whom was 
born in Pennsylvania in 1800, and the latter in New Jersey, February 
8, 1804. They were married at Lewistown, Pennsylvania. Five 
children were bom to them in Mifflin County and with them, in 1868, 
Moses Moore and wife came to Jasper County, Indiana. The chil- 
dren were thus named: Mary Bell, Elizabeth, Martha, Cai-oline and 
John M. The father was a general laborer. In politics he supported 
the democratic party. His death occurred in May, 1872, the mother 
surviving him for three years. .She was a devoted member of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church and a church worker into old age. 

John M. Moore attended school in Pennsylvania imtil he was 
about thirteen years old and then began to take care of bimseK 
When sixteen years of age he learned the blacksmith trade but since 
coming to Indiana has not followed it as a business, although a 
knowledge of blacksmithing is of great help on a farm. For three 
years after reaching Jasper County he followed farming for others. 
In 1871 he bought 120 acres of land in l^arkley Township, it being 
a part of the old Burgette homestead, from Wesley Hinkle, and in 
tlie cultivation and improvement of this land he has been more or 
less engaged ever since. 

. On September i, 1872, AJr. Moore was united in marriage with 
Miss Juliette Parkinson, who is a daughter of Addison and Barbara 
Ann (Kenton) Parkinson, very early families of this section. Mrs. 
Moore's parents w-ere married I\Iay 5, 1850, and she was the first 
born of their six children: Juliette, Martha, Emma, Ida, Laura and 
Stella, the only survivors being Mrs. Moore and .Stella. Z\Ir. and 
Mrs. Moore have three children: A'"ictor, ^.lary Bell and Joe, the 
three children being married and settled in homes of their own. 

In politics Mr. Moore is a strong democrat, always being v.-illing 
to work for his party's candidates in campaigns but has never been 

■ao ,1' 


willing to' accept any oCUca for himself, although through years, 
experience and good judgment well ciualified for the same. With 
his family he belongs to tJie Alethodist Episcopal Church. 

Among many interesting things that Air. Moore tells of the 
times when he first came to Jasper County, are of the old methods 
of farming and of the old-fashioned farm implements then in gen- 
eral use. There were many fields of grain he cut, in his yoimg 
days, with a cradle scythe. Mrs. Moore's father, Addison Parkin- 
son, was a man of much enterprise and was the first farmer of 
this section to invest in a hay-pitcher, and people came from miles 
around to see so wonderftd a piece of farm machinery. 

Fr.Lix RiLEv Ekwin. 'J"he business stability of a community is 
reasonably assured when reliable, far-sighted, substantial men have 
become prominent in its affairs, in\'esting in property and honorably 
and conservati\-e]y conducting concerns of 'large importance. Such 
successfid enterprises carry the fair name of a town to other points 
and attract purchasing visitors, and often, without doubt, induce 
investment of capital in other directions. The mercantile business 
conducted at Fair Oaks by Felix Riley Erwin, offers a case in point, 
as it has been developed into a large enterprise by a business man 
of acknowledged probity and of keen business understanding. 

Felix Riley Erwin was born near Remington, Indiana, January 
21, 1872, and is a son of Lorenzo Dov>- and Mary A. (Donnelly) 
Erwin. The family is of Scotch-Irish extraction, the paternal great- 
great-grandfather of J\Ir. Erwin coming to the American colonies 
from Scotland prior to the Revolutionary war, during which period 
he served in the patriot army. 

Lorenzo D. Erwin, father of Felix R., was born in Tippecanoe 
County, Indiana, Octoljer 2, 1831, where he attended subscription' 
schools and grew to manhood. In 185S he came to Jasper County 
and. settled in the neighborhood of Remington, later married there 
and for many years continued to reside in that locality, at present, 
however, making his home with his son at Fair Oaks. Of his family 
of nine children, seven are living, but his wife died in August, 1897, 
her burial being at Brook. For the past fifteen years Mr. Erwin 
has been retired from active life but still retains ownership of land 
in Indiana and also in the Dakotas. He is a member of the Christian 
Church, and one of the organizers and a charier member of the 
Alasonic Lodge at Remington. He has always taken much interest 
in public affairs and gives his political support to the present 
administration. , 

Felix R. Erwin was educated in the public schools of Carpenter 
Township, the Sheldon High School and the Normal Sciiool at 
Valparaiso, after v.'hich he went to the West and while there engaged 
in teaching school for six years. On returning to the East he 
located at Fair Oaks, Jasper County, Indiana, and em!)arked in a 
general store business, in which line he has continued ever since. 

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For two yenrs lie lias been a member of liic advisory board of the 
American Mercliants' Syndicate, and is a slockboldcr in the same. 

On April 9. 1902, Mr. Erwin was united in marriage with I\Tiss 
Alice B. Proudlcy, who is a daughter of Dr. George B. Proudley, 
and tliey have three children: Anna B., Olive Grace and Helen. 
Mrs. Erv.'in is postmistress at Fair Oaks. 

Mr. Erwin has long been active in democratic jiolilical circles 
and for the past two years has been chaii-man of the democratic 
county organization, an exceedingly responsible position, the duties 
of wliich lie has performed with the greatest efricienc}'. His fra- 
ternal connections are with the Odd Fellows and the Modern Wood- 
men of America. With his family he belongs to the Methodist 
Episcopal Church. He stands high in public regard, is public 
spirited and broadminded, lends his influence at all times in support 
of good government and stable refomis and, although in no osten- 
tatious manner, gives to charily as his conscience jirompts and his 
good judgment justifies. 

L.ARKiN C. LoG.\x. Profitably engaged in farming in Gillam 
Township, with his farm located on a rural route out of ^Medarj'- 
ville, Larkin C. Logan is one of the most enlerjirising and pro- 
gressive men of Jasper County. He has interested himself in the 
public affairs of his township and county, and has spent nearly all 
his life in the honorable industry of agriculture. ■ His home has been 
in this section of Indiana for more than forty years, and with the 
help of his good wife and later with the assistance of his children 
he has placed many improvements which have increased the value 
and comfort of his own home and have served to keep up the high 
standards of rural life in Gillam Township. 

While most of his active career has been spent in the North, 
Larkin C. Logan is a Southern man by birth and training and is a 
veteran of the Confederate army in the war between the North 
and the South. He was born in Surrey County, North Carolina, 
August 29, 1840. Llis father, John Logan, spent all his life in North 
Carolina. Educated in Southern schools, about the time he reached 
manhood he became a soldier in the Twenty-first North Carolina 
Volunteer Regiment, and for two years fought with all the vigor 
of his young manhood the cause of the South. He was present at 
the battle of Bull Run, at Fredericksburg, was engaged in the seven 
days' fighting around Richmond, and the climax of his military 
career came at Gettysburg, where he was shot in the arm and being 
completely disabled was sent home. For two years after the war 
on account of this injury he was unable to perform any hard labor. 
On coming north he spent one year in Peoria County,' Illinois, and 
arrived in Jasper County in 1869, locating in Gillam Township. 
There he was employed as a farm hand four years, and then Ijought 
forty acres of the fine farm where he is now located. Subsequently 
he bought another forty acres from his sister, and at the present 

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time has i6o acres, making une of tlie best farms iu Gillani Town- 
ship, and all of it under cultivation except twelve acres in timber. 
His success has come from gcnei-al farming and stock raising. 

In politics he has naturally been inclined to tlie democratic faith, 
though in local affairs he is somewhat independent, and lias never 
sought any public office. On August 4, 1872, Mr. J.ogan married 
Maria Ellen Mason, a daughter of George and Maria (Giliam) 
Mason. Her fatlier entered the land from the Government where 
Mr. and Mrs. Logan now live, and was one of the true pioneers of 
G'11 i;n Township. ha\iny fd ce\cral year;, had his home \n the 
midst of the Indians and wild animals. To the marriage of Mr. 
and Mrs. Logan were born six children, George, who married 
Molly Ferris; Sally, Mrs. Edward Rockwell; Jennie, Mrs. C. W. 
Ferris; Howard, who died in 1894; Thomas, who married Maud 
Gulp; and Mira, ]\frs. Marion Sands. 

Mr. and Mrs. Logan are both aitcndants of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church. Together they have made all the improvements 
on their farm, and they constitute two of the best citizens in their 
section of Jasper County. 

V\'u.LiAM Forui.R. For upwards of twenty years the name 
William I'^olger in Barkley Township has been synonymous with 
!iif,li class agricullurnl work and with the faithful performance of 
every duty that devolves upon him as a business man and citizen. 
His prosi)erity as an agriculturist is known to all who are familiar 
with /Conditions in Darklcy Township, and among local citizens his 
recent administration as a township trustee is recalled with a great 
deal of satisfaction, since he has always been a leader in matters of 
public improvement and advancement. 

An Illinois man by l.iirth, William Foiger was born in Coles 
County .August 4, 1873, and part of his education came from one 
of the old lime country schools, conducted in a log cabin, with split 
log benches for the pupils to sit upon. His parents were George W. 
and Sarah (^McDonald) Foiger, who were married April 26, 1865. 
All their four children are still living, named Horace, Edward, Rose 
and William. George ^V. Foiger, the father, spent fourteen years 
as a teacher in Coles and Douglas counties, Illinois, and was an 
active repuljlicau in politics. Mr. William Folger's paternal grand- 
parents came from Ireland, while in the maternal line he is of Scotch 
descent. Some time before the Civil war the Foiger family m.oved 
to Texas, and while there the brothers of Grandfather Foiger ran 
away to escape service in the Confederate army and joined the 
Federal forces. One of them was shot because he refused to join 
the Southern cause. W"illiam Folger's mother was also a school 
teacher and gave about twenty-two years of her life to that calling. 

When eleven years of age William Foiger started out to make 
his own way in the world. He worked in the summer, spent the 
winter seasons in school, and eventually had the satisfaction of pos- 


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sessing an education bcUer than the average, having attended gram- 
mar schools until finishing the course, and spending three years in a 
high school. From scliool work he turned his attention to the 
vocation of farming, and in ]\Iarch, 1S91, moved to Pulaski County, 
Indiana, and after seven years there arrived in Jasper County in 
March, 189S. Since then his work in ini]iroving and managing his 
own farm lands has become a matter of note and commendation to 
all his friends and neighbors in Barklcy Township. 

On December 25, Christmas Day, 189S, William Folger married 
Miss ]\Iarie M. Spriggs, daughter of Joel F. and Julia A. (James) 
Spriggs. Her parents were married J;muary 4, 1864, her fatlicr 
having come from Ohio while her mother was a native of Xewton 
County, Indiana. Mrs. I~olger was one of a large family of ten 
children, namely : Simon T. ; James M., deceased ; Haddie, de- 
ceased ; ]\Iary ; Edward M., deceased ; Minerva, deceased ; Daniel 
H. ; Druzilla ; Marie M. ; Roxanna B. ; and Joseph Randolph, de- 
ceased. Mr. Spriggs, the father of these children, served for thirty 
years as a justice of the peace, and was a very successful farmer. 
He belonged to the Church of God and in politics was a democrat. 
Mrs. Folger grew up and was educated in the common schools of 
Jasper Coimty. 

To Air. and Airs. Folger jiave been born five children : Francis, 
Garfield, Eva, Ivy and Ruth, all of whom are living and at home. 
Mr. Folger now owns a comfortable rural home in Barkley Town- 
shiji, and has made the interests of his community his own. He 
\tas formerly a progressive in politics, and for six years served as 
township trustee of Barkley, and during that time succeeded in 
establishing four new schoolhouscs, and showed himself so aggres- 
sive a friend of public education that his administration is recalled 
with pleasure by all local citizens. Another improvement which is 
largely credited to his efiforts is the Giffonl slone road. Air. Folger 
is a member of the Alethodist Church. 

Thomas J. Jomes. Few families have been identified with 
Jasper County for a longer time than that represented by Thomas 
J. Jones of Kankakee Township. They came here more than half 
a centur}' ago, and have always been classed as among the most 
enterprising farmers and public spirited citizens. 

Though he has lived in Jasper County since early bo)liood, 
Thomas J. Jones was born in Owen County, Indiana, Alarch 18, 
1854. His parents, C. Columbus and Sarah (Brov.-n) Jones, were 
married in Owen County in 1S52. The father was a carpenter by 
trade, conducted a farm in addition to In's mechanical jjursuits, and 
in June, 1861. he left his family, as did many other patriots of that 
time, and enlisted in Company A of the Twenty-eighth Indiana 
Infantry. He went cut as a private and served for three years, 
taking ])art in many of the great campaigns of the war, and being 
always present v.'here dut},- called regardless of danger or hardship. 

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He was mustered dUt of the ser\ ice at Indianapolis, and tlicn re- 
joined his family. In yiolitics he w;is a dcinocral, and a member 
of the IMethodist Church, lie is remembered by many Jasper 
County citizens for his public s]iirit and the sturdy influence which 
he exerted in behalf of every good cause in the community, lie 
was laid to rest after a long and active career August 4, 1903, while 
his wife passed away October 3, 1895. 

\Miile the father was away fighting the battles of the Union 
dnrinrr th" Civil wnr, his wife and children r(^mn\'ed to Jasper 
County, locating on the old William Graves place, of which they 
bought forty acres. The children were: Thomas; Elizabeth A., 
who is now married ; and Isaac B., deceased. The children after 
coming to Jasper County were reared on the old homestead, and 
attended one of the primitive log cabin schools then so familiar in 
this section of Indiana. Thomas J. Jones has never married, and 
for fully forty years has been actively identified with farm enter- 
prise in Kankakee Township, and he has been both a witness of 
and a factor in the many improvements which have practically trans- 
formed this section of the state. He has never withheld his support 
from any movement which he believed would confer benefit not 
only upon himself but upon the community of which he was a ])art. 
Until more recent years he was one of the active men in politics. 

Gerkit Grevexsti-k. In Keener Township, close to the little 
Village^ of DeMotte, is located the present homestead of Gerrit 
Grevenstuk who has been identified with Jasper County by resi- 
dence and sterling activities for nearly a quarter of a century. His 
own industry, combined with the good judgment and thrifty man- 
agement of his wife, has brought about a degree of prosperity that 
places him among the substantial citizens. 

By nativity and early ti'aining Mr. Grevenstuk is a Holland 
Dutchman, and comes from a country where agriculture and stock 
breeding have probably reached their h.ighest development. He was 
born in Friesland, whence have come some of the best breeds of 
dairy cattle. His birth occurred June 9, 1844, and he is a son of 
Richard and Sapkc (Bousma) Grevenstuk. His father died in tlie 
old country in )88o. and two years later his widow came to America 
and died here in 18S5. Six of her seven children are still living. 

In Holland Gerrit Grevenstuk received a substantial educational 
training, and was thoroughly educated in farming methods of that 
country before coming to America in 1881. The first ten years in 
this country he spent in the City of Chicago, and then moved to 
Ja.sper County and bought his present farm near Del^Iotte, where 
now for many years he has been prospered through his efforts as a 
general farmer and stockraiser. He has all his land improved and 
under cultivation and is very .systematic and efficient in all his de- 
partments of farm management. The Iniildings and other improve- 
ments were put on the farm by .i\fr. Grevenstuk, and he has a great 

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deal to show lor liis hLors. In politics he is a rcpuhlic.m. On ?Jay 
I, 1885, he married j\Iad;:;-e Groet, daughter of Simon and Grace 
Greet, who died in the old countrj'. Of this marriage there is one 
child, Richard, born January 24, 1886. Both Mr. and Mrs. Greven- 
stiiJv were previously married, but had no children by those unions. 
They are members of the Dutch Reformed Church. Since coming 
to Jasper County they have witnessed a great many changes in the 
county, and in their own quiet and substaiitial way have contributed 
not a little to the development of Keener Township. 

David D. Glea.son. What is probably the best improved farm 
in Keener Township, Jasijcr County, is tlie 280-acre tract belonging 
to Da\-id D. Gleason, one of the few remaining old settlers of the 
county. When he came here, more than forty-two years ago, this 
property consisted principally of marshes and swamps, and gave 
little promise of e\'er becoming a fertile, productive farm. It required 
labor of the most prodigious kind to reclaim this land for cultiva- 
tion, but Mr. Gleason, accomplishing the seemingly impossible, has 
transformed it into one of the garden spots of the county. His career 
is one eminently worthy of chronicling among the records of the 
builders of Jasper and .\'ewton counties. 

Mr. Gleason was born in the Province of Ontario, Canada, within 
twenty-fi\e miles of the City of Toronto, December 5, 1842, and is 
a son of Oliver Gleason, a native of New York. His mother was 
an Unger, of Pennsylvania, and of Dutch parentage, while his 
father was of Irish stocl:. The latter died in Canada and in 1852 
■David Gleason and his widowed mother came to the United States 
and settled in Illinois, from whence they moved to Newton County, 
Indiana, during the period of the Civil war, and settled in Lake 
Township. David Gleason endeavored to enlist for service in the 
fetter years of the war, but the conflict was brought to a termina- 
tion before he was enrolled as a soldier. However, two of his 
brothers fought in the cause of the Union and one met a soldier's 
death on the battlefield. 

Mr. Gleason was still a lad when he came to Indiana and his 
education was com]jlcted in Illinois in the primiti\'e schools that 
had been established there, and is practically self-educated. The 
community was but sparsely settled, for at that time all of the 
northern portions of Jasper and Newton counties were covered with 
a vast swamp, in whicli wild game, mosqnitos and malaria battled 
for supremacy. Amid these unpromising surroundings he grew 
to sturdy manhood, employing his time after the manner of the 
youths of his day and locality, and finally took the first step for the 
founding of a home of his own when he was married to Miss Orpha 
Kenyon, who had been born and reared at Exeter, Rhode Island. 
About the year 1873 Mr. and Mrs. Gleason moved to his ])resent 
farm in Keener Township, Jasper County. Here he found the 
pro|ierty infested with the houses of innumerable muskrats, but he 
had pre\iously had excellent experience in reclaiming land, and 

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althousli the greater jiait of the ])ro])t'rty was under water lie set 
resohUely al)Otit to make a lionie for himself and liis family, lender 
his energetic management the worlc progressed rapidly and as th.e 
years have passed Mr. Gleason has added from time to time to his 
holdings, until he now has 280 acres, all under a high state of culti- 
vation. The land is drained with 5-, 6-, 7-, 8-, 10- and i2-)nch 
tiling, and the buildings and imin-ovements are of the best to be 
found in this part of the county. Every acre of Mr. Gleason's land 
and e\ er}' article of his holdings have been gained tlirough his own 
efforts, and he is eminently entitled to be known as a self-made man, 
while his sound, practical sense is evidenced very strongly every- 
where in the management of his farm. He is a stalwart republican 
in his political views and has cast his every presidential vote for 
the candidate of his party. \\'hile h.e has not been desirous of 
holding public office, he has performed the duties of citizenship in 
the capacity of road supervisor and the present excellent condition 
of the roads of his locality testifies as to how conscientiously his 
work in that office has been jierformed. He is a member of no 
secret orders or societies. 

Mrs. Gleason, a faithful helpmate and kind and loving mother, 
died in October, 1914. There are five children in the family: Mrs. 
Dora Olson; Everett and David B., who are engaged in agricultural 
pursuits in Kenner Townshiji ; and the ^li.-'scs Daisy and Olive B., 
who reside with their father. Mr. Gleason has a modern, com- 
fortable home, where he dis]>enses hospitality with a la^'ish hand, 
and where his many friends in the to\vnshi]j are always assured of 
a sincere and hearty welcome. 

D.SNirx H.'XEKisox Turner, jasjier County has no kindlier and 
better esteemed citizen than Daniel II. Turner, who has lived in 
Kaufcakee Township at his ])resent home farm for so many years 
that the community looks upon him as an important landmark. He 
and other members of the Turner family have been identified with 
Jasper County for more than half a century. His own work has 
helped to turn many acres of the virgin soil, to clear and drain, to 
])lant, cultivate anrl harvest, and he has now reached the harvest 
time in his own career, lacing able to look" back and count more than 
three-quarters of a century of existence. 

He was born May 21, 1838, in Putnam County, Indiana, a son 
of Daniel and Mildred (Asher) Turner. The parents were married 
in 1816, just a century ago, in Culpejier County. "\''irginia. A num- 
ber of years later, in 1S37. before any railroads had reached the 
Middle West country, the little family started out to find a new 
home beyond the Alleghenies. They drove all the distance from 
Virginia to Kentucky, and after prosjiecting around different locali- 
ties in that state were unable to satisfy themselves v/ith conditions, 
and then came on to Putnam County, Indiana. The}' located on a 
farm, and there the family of children grew up to useful manhood 

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and womanhood. 'J1ic father was a I'arnKT all his life, was a whi<^ 
in politics until the rei/uhlican party was organized, and iherenflcr 
supported thai with ec|nal loyalty and zeal. Jle died and was laid 
to rest in San Pierre, linliana, Fehruary lo, 1S62. His wife passed 
away in January, 1883. 

It was in Putnam County, Indiana, that Daniel 1 1. Turner and 
the other children were reared and educated. Altogether there 
were nine in the family, their names Ijcing: George, Joseph, j\Iai-}', 
Guy, Jane, Peljccca, William, .\nn and IJamel H. Those now li\'ing 
arc Rebecca, William, Ann and Daniel H., all of whom are married 
and have homes of their own. W'hen the children went to school in 
Putnam County they attended one of tlie old-fashioned log cabin 
temples of learning. It was supi)orted entirely by subscription, since 
the real publit: school system of Indiana was not inaugurated until a 
number of years later. The i)arents paid $2 for each scholar in the 
school for a term of three months. Daniel H. Turner recalls 
writing at a broad desk which was hewn from a single log, and 
which e.\tendeil around one side of the room, being laid at an 
incline on ]iins drixen into the side wall. The seats were split 
log benches, without backs, and the boys got very tired of sitting 
on those benches for hours at a time, and the younger ones had 
to jiartly stand and lean against the bench in order to rest their feet 
on the floor. It xvas slrictl}- a common school education, bascil upon 
the fundamentals of the three R's. 

In the spring of 1861 the Turner family nio\'ed to Kank-akec 
Townshijj in Jasper County. There they settled on a farm of fifty 
acres of the old Gra\-es homestead. At that time Daniel H. Turner 
was twenty-three years of age, and he then started out to make his 
fortune on his own resources. He was soon able to buy a tract of 
fifty acres of unimproxed land, and after a number of years of hard 
v^ork he had it cleared up and in cullixation. He sold it to advantage, 
and then bought 120 acres oi the Denny homestead. There it was 
that he built his permanent home, followed one season of crops 
after the other for many )-ears, ,ind linally was able to retire and 
enjoy the comforts of his many years of well directed industry. 

On July 20, 1862, Mr. Turner married 3,1 iss Clara C. Harrington. 
They have had no children, am! both are now quietly spending the 
eve'.iing of their lives on their Kankakee Township farm. In politics 
Mr. Turner is a democrat, and has taken quite an active interest in 
party afl'airs at differen.t times. For six terms he held the ollice of 
township super\isor, and no ptiblic enlcrjirise has e\er gone b)' him 
witliout his active su];port and co-o]iei'ation. 

J()ii,\ Imk.v. As the nicmljcrs of this well known famih- have 
been identified with Jasper County n.ore than forty years, there is 
much that could be said of their praiseworthy actixities in helping to 
develop this section of lndian;i. Air. John Finn, of Kaid-;akee Town- 
ship, has his name permanently associated \\itli one of the drainage 


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ditches in that pari of the county, niul his induslvv and management 
as a farmer and ju'bhic S]nrit as a citizen have t;i\cn him a leacHns^ 
place among the peoijle of Jasper Comity. 

His parents were both from Ireland, coming oxer poor and ])rac- 
tically friendless, and raising themscUes by hard work and the 
exercise of their native intelligence to people of substantial pros- 
perity. John Finn's mother was Winifred Kennedy, who was born 
March 17, 1820, in County Clare, Ireland. She came to America 
in ICS45, locating in Porter County, Indiana, where she was employed 
in the home of Sam Howells until 1860. In tha.t year she married 
William Finn, who was also born in Ireland, at Dublin. Both were 
employed on the Howells farm, were married there, and a few 
months after their marriage with tlicir combined resources bought 
forty acres of Go\'ernment land at $1.25 per acre. It was on that 
little farm that their three children, John, Mary and William, were 
reared. Of these children the only one now living is John. \\'illiam 
F""inn, Sr., was killed liy a team of horses in September, 1872, and 
left his widow with the three children already mentioned. In the 
spring of 1873 she brought her little family to Jasper County, and 
settled on the old Prewett homestead in Kankakee Township. Here 
the children attended school at the old Frog Pond School, one of 
the primitive scbioolhouses of Jasper County. 

When Tnhn l-'inn was quite young he had to take u[) the serious 
responsibilities of life, but has never been without plenty I0 do and 
has found opportunities to gain a well merited success. For a num- 
ber of years he was in the mercantile btisiness, also conducted a 
livery, but finally returned to the old homestead in Kankakee Town- 
ship, where he now conducts his farming operations. 

John Finn married ^Maggie Schimmcl, a daughter of George and 
Mary (Shellhorn) Schimmel. The children in the Schimmel family, 
six in number, were named Mike, Eliza, George, Maggie, Philip, 
and Mary. Mr. and Mrs. Finn were married January 7, 1884, and 
they have three '^hildren: Leona, ^lary, and Ina, the two older girls 
being marriefl. 

In the den.iocratic party John Finn has always taken an active 
part, and has lilcewise supported earnestly every public enterprise. 
It was due to his interest and initiative that the Finn Ditch was 
constructed. He per\ed on the townsiiip advisory board for one 
term of four years, and also put through the Mylius Ditch. 

Mrs. Emm.v ]\L\rv Andkuso-v. For more than twenty years 
Mrs. Anderson and her little family have been residents of Wheat- 
field in Wheatficld Townshij>, where her husliand was one of the 
leading merchants and citizens until death a few years ago. 
This is one of the homes that maintain a high standard of living 
and influence in that section of Jasper County, and it is fitting that 
this history should make some recmd of them as individuals. 

A daugliter of F'redcrick and Carrie Ringel, ^h^. Anderson was 

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born j\Iay 2, 1805, in the Province of Posen, Germ:uiy. Altog-clher 
there were eiglit children in the Ringcl faniil)-, namely : William and 
Frederick, now deceased; Gusla and Carrie, both of whom arc 
married; Harmon, deceased; limnia and Charles, both living and 
married; and Tillic, deceased. In the spring of 1869 when Mrs. 
Anderson was four years of age the family immigrated to America 
and settled at Manistee, Michigan, where Frederick' Ringel was 
employed in the saw mills, and where he lived until his death in 
3900. After coming to America and gaining hi? citizenship he 
worked with the republican party, and was a man of considerable 
influence in that section of Northern Micliigan. He vras a member 
of the Lutheran Church and died in that faith. lie was laid to rest 
at Manistee January i, 1901. 

Emma Mary Ringel was reared in -\Ianistec, and was vrell edu- 
cated and prepared for the duties which she assumed upon her 
marriage. On December 21, 1886, at Grand Rapids, Michigan, she 
married George D. Anderson, a son of George A. and Carrie Ander- 
son. Mr. Anderson was a railroad man, and one of the most popular 
freight conductors on the Grand Rapids & Indiana Railroad. He 
was in the ser^-ice until 1894. and then gave up railroading and 
moved to Wheatfield in Vv'hcatlicld Township of Jasper County. 
Here he established a confectionery business, built up a good trade 
in the village and surrounding country, and actively looked after 
his business aiTairs until his death on February 19, 1909. The body 
of this honored citizen was laid to rest in the AMieatfield Cemetery. 
In politics he was a republican, and a man whose support could be 
relied upon for every jmblic enterprise. He was a member of the 
Methodist Church, and was affdiated with tlie Knights of Pythias. 

Since the death of her husband I\irs. Anderson has continued to 
make her home in Wheatfield, and has that comfort and solace 
which comes from the presence of a younger generation about her. 
Her three children are: Ray G. and James C, both of wliom arc 
married ; and Bessie C. 

IliiNRV L.\ Fayette Langdon. There are very many substan- 
tial old families of Indiana tliat can trace a southern ancestry, in 
that their pioneer forefathers caiuc from North Carolina and 
afterward had much to do with the civilizing and building up of 
this great commonwealih. One of these families, bearing the name 
of Langdon, settled in the southern part of Owen County, Indiana, 
when Indians were yet numerous tb.ere, and their descendants have 
prospered and established themsel\es in other sections of the state. 
■. Henry L. Langdon, one of Jasper County's well known citizens, 
was born in Jackson Townshi]), Owen County, Indiana, January 
19, 1855, and is a son of ^^'illiau^ C. and Ellen Ann (Ilalton) 
Langdon, whose parents were nati\-es of North Carolina and very 
early settlers in Indiana. Henry L. Langdon i)assed his youth on 
his father's farm and up to his fifteenth year attended the district 

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schools in the neighborhood, mainly in the winters, gaining- thereby, 
however, a basis of knowledge that has served him well throughont 
a business career covering many years. Following his marriage, in 
1880, he moved to Sullivan County, Missouri, and for the next ten 
years was engaged in farming there and in Linn County, hrom 
Missouri, he returned to Indiana and located at \\'heatficld. in Jas- 
per County, embarking in business. For a time he conducted a 
livery stable and started also a dray line, and tinding the latter more 
profitable, after three years sold his stable and continued his dray- 
ing business for fourteen years and also, for four years operated a 
fiour and feed store. As a business man Mr. Langdon has always 
commanded the respect of his competitors and enjoyed the confi- 
dence of the public. 

On May 6, 1880, Mr. Langdon w-as united in marriage with I\Hss 
Liez Rosetta Huber, and four children were born to them: Albert 
Lee, who died in Missouri, when three years old; Herman R., who 
is a mercliant at Wheatlield ; Ella B., who is the wife of Thomas Jen- 
sen, a merchant at Wheatfield ; and Lillie M. All the cliildren were 
given educational advantages and the elder daughter, now Airs. 
Jensen, taught five terms of school, three terms in Jasper County, 
and two terms in Oklahoma. Mrs. Langdon is a member of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church. Air. Langdon is one of the influential 
men of his town, has served as a member of the town council and 
is affiliated with the democratic' party. He has long been connected 
fraternally with the Modern Woodmen and the Knights of Pythias. 

Herman R. L.angdox. While not a native of Jasper County, 
Herman R. Langdon. president of the town board of Wheatfield, 
was only six years old when brought here, and no citizen of the 
place cherishes its good name or is more interested in its substantial 
development. He was educated here and has here won business 
success and public regard, but he was born in Sullivan County, Alis- 
souri, November 2"^, 1883. the second son of Henry LaEayette and 
Inez Rosetta (Huber) Langdon. 

Following his graduation from th.c Wheatfield pulilic schools 
when eighteen years of age, Mr. Langdon began his business career 
as a clerk in the Myers Cash Store, at Wheatfield. of which, for 
the past fi\e years, he has been a partner, liis steady attention to 
business brhiging its just reward. Like his father, a strong demo- 
crat, he has been active in political matters but lias accepted few 
favors, but in November, lyio. he was elected, with a flattering 
majority, president of the town board of Vv'heatfield and assumed 
the duties of that office in the following January and has conscien- 
tiously performed them ever since. 

On July 12, 1911, Herman R. Langdon was married to Miss 
Ollie While, of TefTt, Indiana, and they have one daughter, Wilma, 
•who was bom June 9. 1913. Air. Langdon is identified with the 


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j\Jasoiis and tlif independent Order of (Kid I'elluws and the Mod 
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EnglilIsrict Jensen. No complete history of any section of the 
United States can be written vvilhout giving credit to other lands for 
some of its best types of people, and ]iarticularly is this true of 
Norway. For years on years from that far coimlry liave come 
willing toilers, men of brawn bred to industry, who have sought 
better working conditions and the possibility of a comfortable home 
in America, and they have been made welcome for soon they have 
proved worthy of the citizenship they have asked. There are few 
communities in the I'nited States in which Norway's citizens by 
birth, can not be found among the most prosperous and most highly 
esteemed, and Indiana can number many such. The Jensen family 
of Jasper County may be mentioned in this connection. 

Englebret Jensen, who, for over a quarter of a century has been 
in business at Wheatlield, Indiana, was burn May 21, 1S57, at 
I-'redricksbaid, Norway, a son of Jens Hansen. He grew to man- 
hood there, attended school and afterward learned the trade of 
blacksmith, which trade he followed in Norway for ten years. In 
the meanwhile he married and in 1882, with his family immigrated 
to America and proceeded to the great City of Chicago, where, for 
two years he worked as a blacksmith. In 1884 he came to Wheat- 
field, Indiana, and here has remained ever since with the exception 
of nearly two years spent at San Pierre and three at Tefl't, during 
ail this time carrying on his own business as a blacksmith. PIc has 
been honorable and upright in his business dealings and is held in 
such high esteem by his neighbors that all were satisfied when he 
was elected, on the republican ticket, president of the school board. 

in 1877 Air. Jensen was married in Norway to Caroline Larseri, 
and eleven children have been born to them: Jetis O., Alexander L., 
jMarie, wife of Joseph P. Hammond; Thomas, Louis, Laura, wife 
of Earl Dorner; Morton, deceased; Charles, ITulda, Ita and Enga, 
the last named being deceased, ^h. Jenseji is a member of the 
Church of the Latter Day Saints. 

Thomas Jfxsex. .A.s a successful Inisiness man of Whcatfield, 
Thomas Jensen, third son of Iilnglebrct and Caroline (Larsen) 
Jensen, occupies a foremost place and is influential in local politics 
and in all that concerns the welfare of tliis community. He was 
born at Chicago, Illinois, November 12, 1S83, and was an infant 
when brought to Wheatfield by his parents. With the excejDlion 
of tliree years during which he lived at Rensselaer, he has been a 
resident of this place and after his school day.s were over, he became 
a clerk in a drug store and continued faithful in that capacity for 
sixteen years and then cmbark-cd in business for himself. In jg!2 
he opened his general mercantile store here and through courtesy, 
good judgment and upright methods of doing business, has met with 

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JASPJ'.]; AXi:> .\i:\\"TO.V COUXTIKS 655 

very satisfactory results aiul is a leading;; merchant of tlic jjlace. He 
has ahvays been a rcpubhcan in his poHtical views, enjoys the con- 
fidence of his party and has served in the office of city clerk. 

On September 23, 1910, Mr. Jensen was united in marriage with 
Miss Beatrice Langdon, a highly educated lady who had been an 
acceptable teacher in the public schools of Jasper County. Mr. 
and Mrs. Jensen have one son, Thomas Arden. They are active 
members of the IMcthodist Episcopal Church, and are well known 
also in the jileasant social life of W'heatficld. Mr. Jensen is identitlcd 
with the Masonic fraternity. 

N.\Tii.\N T. Ki:i:\i:. The .State of Ohio has made lai'ge con- 
tributions to the good citizenshijj of Indiana, and all through Jasper 
County may be found prosperous farmers and prominent business 
men whose ancestry leads back to the Buckeye State. The Keene 
family came from Ohio, and afterward, as before, proved people of 
worth and high character and for fifty years Jasper County has 
profited by their industry and influence, and \Mieatfield Township 
has no better nor more substantial citizens. 

Nathan T. Keene, a prosperous general farmer of \Anieatfield 
Township, was born in Ohio and when quite young was brought to 
Indiana by his parents. They settled in Tippecanoe County and 
there he grew to manhood on his father's farm. He married 1^.1'ary 
Elsea and in 1865 they came to Jasper County and settled first on 
a farm in Jordan Township and from there removed to Wheatfield 
Township in 1880, where ever since Mr. Keene has been engaged 
in agricultural pui suits. 

Six children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Keene: yiary 
Malinda, wife of Gordon liendrickson of ^^'heat^leld, Indiana; 
Albert S., who is in business at \Mieatfield ; .Sarah Elizabeth, who 
married L. C. Asher, is a farmer in Kankakee Township; Harriet 
Ardella, who died when three years old ; Clara Christina and James 
Nathan. The youngest son was born September 18, 1874, married 
Edna D. Jcssup and resides at Wheatfield. 

Ali-.ert S. Keene. Until he was three years old, Albert S. 
Keene, eldest son of Nathan T. and Mary (Elsea) Keene, lived in 
Tippecanoe County, Indiana, where he was born July 21, 1862, in 
a log cabin tiien standing on his father's farm. From the above 
age he grew up in Jasper County, during boyhood attending the 
district school when opportunity offered although his advantages 
were comparatively quite limited, school facilities in those days being 
but poorly developed. He gave his father assistance on the farm 
and gained a reputation -as a careful farmer and stockraiser and 
for three years prior to ]892, engaged also in the business of drilling 

In :\1arch, 1892. .^fr. Keene moved 10 Wheatfield and embarked 
in the furniture anil undertaking business, which line lie still con- 

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tinues, additionally cfuulucling a harness business. These enter- ' 
])rises are all carried on witji business inicgrit)' and Mr. Keenc 
enjoys the confidence of the entire public. 

Oh November 3, 1891, Air. Kecne was united in marriage with 
Miss Mary Gushwa, who was also born in Tippecanoe County, a 
daughter of William Gushwa, who still survives and in his ninety- 
second year is the most venerable resident of Goodland. To Mr. 
and Mrs. Kecne eight children have been born: Willirun A., Eottie 
Amelia, Burl Henry, Dora Irene, Bernard I.eRoy, Clarence, Bernice 
and Paul, all surviving except Bernice, who died at the age of seven 
years. As far back as the familv can be traced its religious member- 
ship has been with the IVIethodist Episcopal Church. Ecjually so 
have the men of the family been republicans in their political con- 
nection, ever since the formation of the republican part\-. Mr. 
Keene has been active and influential in the party ever since locating 
at Wiicatfield and has almost continuously held public office. He 
served for two terms as assessor of the ^^']leatficId Township and 
is now serving in his third term as township trustee, his continu- 
ance in office indicating the high degree of ])ub!ic confidence j^laced 
in his honesty and efi'iciency. Ele belongs to a number of fraternal 
organizations, these including the Masons, the Knights of Pytliias, 
the Woodmen and the Foresters, all in \\'heatfie!d. 

Edward Hkss. It was nearly sixty-fn-c years ago that the 
branch of the H^ess family to which E'dward Hess belongs came into 
the wilderness of Newton County. Mr. Edward Hess has spent 
practically all his life in this one community and has found many 
opportunities to be useful and do good. A satisfying prosperity 
has rewarded his efiforts as an agriculturist, and he has also lent 
his aid and encouragement to movements closely associated with the 
public welfare. 

He v,'as born April 22, 1848. in Ross County, Ohio, northeast 
of Chillicothe, a son of David and Elizabeth (Lyons) Hess. In 
1852 the family journeyed from Ross County and made settlement 
in that portion of Jasper County, which is now Newton County, 
and in Iroquois Township. 

David and Elizabeth Hess were fine types of pioneers. David 
Hess died in Newton County, December 5, 1884. and his wife 
passed away August 4, 1914. Both are now at rest in the Brook 
Cemetery. On coming to Newton County David ITess bought a tract 
of eighty acres of land half a mile north and half a mile east of 
Brook, paying $1.25 an acre and getting a (government patent 
.signed by Franklin Pierce, then President of the United States. 
This land -is still owned by Edward Hess, and has thus never been 
out of the family possession since it was acquired from the Gov- 
ernment. David Hess was a very energetic farmer. He \\'as a big 
man, botli in body and heart, was straightforward, read liis Bible, 
practiced Christianity and was a good, clean, honest ciiizen. In 


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politics he was a rcjniblicMn, and once lilk-d the oHicc of township 
supervisor, ilc and liis wife had five children: Sophia, who died 
young; Edward; Sherman, deceased, who married Esther J. Dain; 
John, ^Yho died young; John L., now deceased, married IMatilda 
Crisler, and left two children named Alma and Eva. 

Edward Hess grew up on his father's farm, gained an education 
in the public schools such as existed in Iroquois Township fifty or 
sixty years ago, and made farming his principal vocation. 

On October 6, 1876, he married Lenora More, a daughter of 
William A. and Eliza (Dryer) More. Her parents were natives of 
Barry County, Michigan, and were of German descent. Mrs. Hess 
was born in Barry County, ^Michigan, September 20, 185T, die fifth 
born of her parents' six children, two sons and four daughters, but 
only two of this large family of children are now living, Mrs. Hess 
and her brother William L., the latter a fanner of Barry County. 
The only child of Mr. and Mrs. Hess, William Louis, wdio was bom 
on the 26tli of October, 1S77, died on the 14th of November, 1897. 
He had completed the studies of the eighth grade of the common 
schools and was a student at Wcstfield College in Illinois when he 
became ill, and he died at bis parents' home. He was a young man 
highly respected by all who knew him. 

In 1899 Mr. Hess retired from the active management of tlie 
farm and has since lived in Brook. He has performed liis share 
of duties in politics and in public affairs and has frequently been a 
delegate to republican conventions. Altogether he gave six years 
to the office of township trustee. He was first elected in 1884 and 
served two years, and again filled the office from 1900 to 1904. He 
was township trustee when the Brook schoolhousc was built. He 
has many times served as viewer on roads and ditches and has done 
a great deal in promoting the building and improvement of roads 
and ditches in his county. In a business way with his and liis 
brother Sherman's success is represented by the ownership of aiiout 
430 acres of land iir Iroquois Township and some town property. 
He is also a director and stockholder in the Brook Terra Cotta Tile 
& Brick Company, and has used not a little of the product of this 
company in tiling his own land. Mr. .Hess and wife are members 
of the United Brethren Church at Brook and he has served as trustee 
and treasurer. They have two of the old parchment deeds signed 
by President Franklin I'ierrc and daled April 15, 1853, wliicli are 
valuable heirlooms in their home, and which are two of only five 
found in iiotli jasjxr and Newton coimlies. 

Amos Ag.\te. It will soon be forty >ears since Amos Agate 
established his home in Newton Counly and it \^■as in this locality 
that he \von his material iirnspcrity and liis active years have not 
been imaccompanied by useful service in tlie advancement of com- 
munity VvC-lfare. 

Mr. Agate is an Englishman by birth and was born in Sussex- 

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sliire, November i8, 1849, a K)n of ^^'i!!ialll and Mary (llolijen) 
Agate. V\'heii lie was seven years of age his family came to America 
in 1S56, and seUled in the country district some twenty or thirty 
miles from Chicago but in Cook County, Illinois, near Orland. The 
parents spent the rest of their lives there and are buried in the 
Orland Cemetery. 

it was as a country boy in Cook County that j\lr. Agate spent his 
youth, attended the local schools, and made his first venture and his 
profits from farming. In 1876 he was united in marriage witli Sarah 
Ann Nichols, who was born in Cambridgeshire, Engkmd, October 
23, 1845, ^lis fourth of the seven children, three sons and four 
daughters, born to William and .Sarah ( Nichols, but only 
two of this large family of children are living, ]\Irs. Agate and her 
brother Frank, who resides in I\Iissouri. The parents are also 
deceased. Mrs. Agate was only five years of age when she came 
with her parents to the United States from her native land. After 
leaving the common schools she attended the Cook County Normal, 
and was a successful teacher for four years, having taught seven 
terms in one district. She is a member of the I\lethodist Episcopal 
Church at Brook. 

In 1877, the year following his marriage, ]\Ir. Agate came to 
Newton CouiUy and established his home in the southern part "of 
Jackson Township. He was at that time young and vigorous, enter- 
prising and ambitious, and soon had a considerable tract of land 
under cultivaiion and devoted to the raising of good grades of stock. 
He still owns that farm of 160 acres in Jackson Township, and 
also has a half interest in 170 acres in j\Iichigan. His own farm 
has been well tiled and it is still one of the model stock farms of 
the county and is under the management of his son. In 1903 Mr. 
Agate retired from active farming and has since lived in Crook, 
where he owns some town property. 

Pie and his v.'ifc have two children: Ralph Iloldcn, who com- 
pleted his education at Rochester, Indiaria, and is now secretary and 
treasurer of the SoiUhern Industrial Institute at Lafaj-ettc, Indiana, 
a stale institution; by his marriage to Charlotte Rice he has a son 
Ralph Holden Agate, Jr. Lester William, the second son, conducts 
the home fanu in Jackson Tow^nship, and married Charlotte Ealosi. 

Mr. Agate in politics might be classed as a stand pat rej^ubliran. 
He has rendered considerable service to tlie tovvn community of 
Brook, and was active in securing the establishment of waterworks. 
He has served as supervisor, and at one time was candidate for 
sherifif, being defeated by twenty-two votes. For a1)out two years 
he served as deputy sheriff, and during two terms of the Legi^l-it\n-e 
he served as dooi-keeper of Senate.. In 1912 he was aiijKjintcd liy 
the coimty board or county assessor of Newton Countv, and served 
the unexpired term. For three years he has been a memljer of the 
town board of Brook- and has been a commitleen-u'iii both in Brook 

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and ill J;irkson Township. He is rifiilialed widi the Knights of 
Pylhias Lodi^e. 

John R. Tiicrc are in every eoniniunily men of 
great force of character who by reason of their capacity for leader- 
ship become recognized as foremost citizens and bear a most import- 
ant part in public affairs. Such a man at Brook is Jol:n R. Mersh- 
man, who, now retired from the active supervision of his interests 
as a farmer, is serving the people of his townshi]-i as trustee, and 
whu ill ilic course of a long and active career has many times stepped 
aside from his private interests in order to assume the obligations 
imposed upon public spirited citizens. 

He was born in Benton County, Indiana, November 23, i8-|8, a 
son of Jacob and Mary (Edmondson) Hershman, the former a 
native of Ohio and the latter of Tennessee. The Hershmans were 
of German stock and Jacob Hershman moved to Indiana about 
1840. first locating in Hamilton County, afterwards in Benton, later 
in White County, and in 186S established his home in Iroquois Town- 
ship of Xewton County. He was a hard working industrious citizen, 
provided well for his family, was of conservative temper, and was 
a valued nicmber of his community. He followed farming in New- 
ton Couniy tmtil be removed to Brook, where be resided till his 
death, on ilarch 18, 1903. and he is buried in the Brook .Cemetery. 
His wife passed away March iR, 1908. In politics Jacob Hershman 
was a republican and was a member of the Methodist Cliurcb. His 
children are: George W., who died as a soldier in the Civil war, 
at Shiloli, Tennessee; John R. ; William H., who now li\-es at 
Tipton, Indiana, was for ten years county superintendent of schools 
in Newton County; Jennie, who married Newton Lyons and lives 
in Brook; Francis M., now deceased; Sarah and Solinda, twins, 
the fonuer tiie wife of James Hoach of Chicago Heights, Illinois, 
and the latter the wife of Thoiuas Gratncr, also a resident of 
Chicago Heights. 

■ John R. Hershman grew to manhood on the old farui in Wliite 
County, and came to Newton County at the age of nineteen. He 
was one of the leading agriculturists in Iroquois Township until 
1903, when he retired and moved to Brook. 

On September 13, 1871, he married Anna E. Lyons, a daugliter 
of John and Anna (Jones) Lyons, and a sister of the late Aaron 
Lyons, who was the first white child born in what is now Newton 
Couniy. Mrs. Hershman was also a first cousin of John B. Lyons, 
the well known stockman and banker at Brook. Mrs. Hershman 
died September 5, 1907, being survived by two children : Ray E., 
the older, is a memlier of tlic firm of Lyons & Hershman, hardware 
merchants at Brook, and was a member of the library board that 
built the Brook Library. By his marriage to Elizabeth Saylor he 
has three children named John E., Helen R. and Harold S. Lloyd L. 
tlie other son, is in the furniture and undertaking business at Brook. 

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He married Eflic Rolls, and their two children are Gla(l)'s and 

i\lr. and ?ilrs. Mershman not only rv-arcd tlicir own family but 
also cLrcd for and edneatcd two other children. Joseph Dunn, who 
was taken into their home when a lad of ten years, received a good 
common-school training. He died in 1882, at the age of sixteen 
years, and was buried in the Brook Cemete^3^ Edna Moran, to whom 
they gave the name of Hershman, took the teachers' course at the 
Terre Haute Normal and afterward successfully taught in Newton 
County. She also attended college at Rochester, Indiana, and while 
a student there met Charles M. Gibbons, whom she afterward 
married, and they reside in Chicago. They have two children: 
Lesta, who graduated from the Chicago public schools, and Paul, 
who is a member of the sixth grade. Mr. and Mrs. Gibbons are 
members of the Methodist Episcopal Church. 

Mr. Hershman has been elected five different times lo the office 
of township trustee. In the earlier years he was elected for the 
regular two year term and v^^as elected in 1800, 18S2, 1S90, and in 
1S94, and he also served from 1894 to 1900 on account of his suc- 
cessor elect in office having moved out of the county. In 1914 he 
was elected to the same office for the four year term. He also 
served several years as a member of the county council. He was 
president of the Brook school board about eight years, and has 
been one of the progressive men favoring and working for such 
substantial improvements as good roads and ditches. He served 
as viewer on many gravel roads, and he was one of the viewers on 
the first gravel road ever built in die county, the Lincoln TownsJiip 
gravel road, that being the first modem highway in Newton County. 
In .politics he has always been identified with the republican party, 
has fdled all tlie chairs in the Brook Lodge of the Independent 
Order of Odd Fellov\'s, is a member of the Brook Lodge of the 
Knights of Pythias, and he filled all the chairs of the order, and 
was secretary of the ]\Iasonic Lodge for several years. He has been 
a steward iu the ISlethodist Episcopal Church for about forty years, 
and his wife belonged to the same faith. In earlier years he taught 
several terms of district school, and has accepted every opportunity 
to raise the standards of the public schools in his count}'. Mr. 
Hershman among other interests owns about 230 acres of farming 
land and has some town jiroperty. 

Horace ]\Ialcolm Clark. The energy and enterprise pertain- 
ing to youth are valuable assets in any business. Experience 
undoubtedly brings wisdom but it often also has the effect of dampen- 
ing ardor and making effort seem less worth while. The business 
demand on every hand is for 3-0Lith, with its strength, its enthusiasms, 
its ambitions. In the great cities all over tlie countrv in which non- 
employmen.t often becomes a nn-nace, it is usually the experienced 
man of middle age is set aside for the young man. There are 

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limifations, of course, and certain qualifications tlcmandcd, but iu 
these modern days, a public school education and a course in the 
state university, is recognized as a fine equipment foi almost any 
vocation. No less is this true when a choice is made iu the agricul- 
tural field. The educated young man has every advantage, and if 
his tastes incline in this direction, his future will be assured as 
perhaps in no other line of business. One of the well known young 
farmers and ranchers of Jasper County, Indiana, to whom the 
above remarks might apply, is Horace Malcolm Clark, whose agricul- 
tural interests in this section arc extensive. 

Horace Malcolm Clark was born at Crown Point, Indiana, 
November 4, 1S92, and is a son of Ciuy 13. and Berenice (Marble) 
Clark. His paternal grandfather was William Clark, and his 
maternal was Horace Marble, the latter, during life being one of 
the most prominent men of Northern Jasper County. 

Until he was nine years old, Horace M. Clark lived at Crown 
Point, and since then at or in the vicinity of Wheatiicld. His 
primary education was secured therefore in his birthplace and later 
he attended school at \\'heatfield and at Rensselaer, subsequently 
taking a course in the Indiana State University at Blooniington. 
When eighteen j-ears of age he became assistant cashier of the 
Bank of Wheatfield, satisfactorily filling this responsible position 
for eighteen months. Finding the banking field not to his taste, 
Mr. Clark then turned his attention in the direction in which he 
has shown a large measure of good judgment, not only in the man- 
agement of his own extensive improved farm of 200 acres, but in 
managing the large marble ranch and in looking after other of his 
mother's real estate. 

On June 25, 1913, Mr. Clark was united in marriage with iN'Iiss 
Elizabetli A'irginia Spitler, Viho is a daughter of Hon. Charles G. 
Spitler, of Rensselaer, Indiana. 

In politics Air. Clark is a sturdy republican. Frrjternally he is 
identified with the Masons, Knights of Pythias and ilodern Wood- 
men and retains also his connection with the Phi Delta I'heta, his 
Greek letter college society. Both he and wife are members of the 
Presbyterian Church. Their social circle is wide and their hospitable 
home is often the scone of pleasant functions because of their general 

John A. Stgler. The connection of John A. Sigler with the 
farming and stock raising interests of Jasper County has made him 
widely known among the citizens of this section and is one of those 
who has done much to advance the great gro\stb and development 
in the county during the past forty years. His best M'ork has been 
done either in merchandising or in managit^g the soil and looking 
after live stock, and he is now regarded as one of the most sub- 
stantial of the older residents of Jasper County, His home is at 

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DcMoltc, and in that scclion of Jasper County his name is too 
fainihar to rciinirc extended introduction. 

Wliilc his li(..>mc for man)- years has hcen on the sonih side of 
the Kanlcal<ee River, he was born to the north of that stream in 
Lake County, Indiana, August 21, 1846, a son of Eli and Alary 
(Cornish) Sigler. The family are of German stock. Both parents 
died at Hebron in Porter County, and are laid to rest there. Four 
of their eight children are still living. Eli Sigler was for many 
years a merchant at Hebron. In politics he was a republican, but 
made no effort to gain election to any office. His wife was very 
much interested in the Methodist Episcopal Church. 

John A. Sigler is one of the youngest veterans of the great 
Civil war. Only a boy at the time, he enlisted in January, 1S64, in 
Company I of the Fifth Indiana Cavalry, and subsequently was made 
a member of the Sixth Cavalry. He was in service about eighteen 
months, participated in some of the most sterling campaigns which 
brought to a triumphant conclusion the great conflict bel\veen the 
North and the South, and was finally mustered out at Indianapolis 
in August, 1865. In the meantime he had attended the local schools, 
and not long after the war he establislied a general store at Kouts 
Station. He was also connected with the hardware business at 
Hebron several years, but in 1873 moved to Jasper County, and 
bought a quarter section of land from Judge Thompson. Selling 
that, he then lived in Kansas for four years, but returning to 
Indiana established his new liome on land situated a mile and a 
Jialf west of DeAIotte. He IJnally sold that, and has since lived in 
the Village of DeMotte, near which place he owns 240 acres, while 
his wife has forty acres. Most of this land is now operated by 
renter, but at an earlier time j\Ir. Sigler was very successful in the 
breeding and raising of cattle, liogs, sheep and poultry. ITe is one 
of the men who have been prospered in Jasper County and his 
individual example has had much to do with other development 
along the same line. 

In politics he is a Lincoln republican, but has had no aspirations 
for of^ce. In August, 1S69, he married Miss Allie M. Gregg. 

TuMS .Snii\ One of the most prosperous members of the little 
community of Holland people in Keener Townshi)) is Tunis Snip, 
who has farming property there that might well be the envy of 
many less successful and energetic farmers, and whose good citizen- 
ship has been es-idenced in many ways for the betterment of the 
community. Mr. Snip has lived in Jasper County more than twenty 
years. His home farm is in section 30, consisting of 158.8 acres, 
while in section 34 he owns another tract of 80 acres. 

While his parents, John and Nellie (Blom) Snip, were both 
born in North Holland, Tunis Snip w-as born in the City of Chicago 
only a few years after the jjarents emigrated to this country. The 
family came to -America in 1853, and after landing in New York 

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City went west to Chicago, and located near Pullman, where John 
Snip was a farmer until his death in 1881. lie sLn-\ived his wife 
about two years, and both are buried in the Greenwood Cemetery 
at Morgan Paric. In politics he was a republican after talcing out 
American citizenship jiapers, but was never in any oFficial position. 
There were three children : AVilliam, Gerrit, and Tunis. The son 
Gerrit now lives in Barton County, Missouri, and is a prosperous 
cattle dealer. By his marriage to Kate Milder, he has the follow- 
ing children : Nellie, deceased ; Cornelius ; Anga : John ; Julius ; 
Auretta ; and William. Gerrit was born in Holland and was about 
two years of age when the parents came to America. William, the 
oldest, was five years old when he came to the United States, lie 
is now deceased. By his first marriage to Annie Deboy he had five 
children, named Jennie, John, Leonard, Nellie, and Dinah. His 
second wife was Fannie Brownsma, and the three children of this 
union, all still living, are Robert, Gerrit, and A\'illiam. 

'J'uiiis Snip grew U]) in the southern district of the City of 
Chicago, was educated in the jniblic schools, and at the age of 
twenty-one started out to make his own fortune. For four years 
he conducted a business at Pullman, handling hay, coal, grain, and 
feed. It -was in 1894 that he came to Jasper County and settled on 
his present farn-; near Thayer, and his daily mail deli\-ery by rural 
route, from the postol'fice of tiiat village. He has used both energy 
and intelligence in getting the most out of his land and making it 
a valuable property, and now has nearly all his acreage under culti- 
vation anfl productive of some of the best crops grown in the northern 
part of Jasper County. He follows general farming and stock 

On A])ril 15, ^P'J^. Mr. Snip married Miss Mary Pool, daughter 
of Cornelius Pool, and also of Holland descent. Fleven children 
were born to their union, namely : Nellie, \\'ho died in infancy ; 
Nellie, now Mrs. Fd Gilbert of Lafayette; Cornelius, unmarried; 
John, who married Ciussie V^on \\'eincn ; Elizabeth, M; s. Cornelia 
Evers; Mary, Mrs. John Ham]ister; Lena, I\Irs. Lewis Plotzma ; 
Tunis, unmarried ; William, Gerrit, and Kate, all of whom are still 
single and at home. 

As a rej)ublican in ]}olitics, but chiefly as a good citizen, i\Ir. Snip 
has made his work and influence count for a great deal in the de\'el- 
ojjment of liis home township. For nine years he served as road 
super\isor, and was township trustee for six years, from 1909 to 
1915. It was during his administration as trustee that the handsome 
schoolliousc was constructed at DeMotle. Mrs. Snip is a member 
of the Dutch Reformed Church, liarly in the '905, before coming to 
Jasper County, Mr. Snip spent 4>1 months in Europe, most of the 
time in Holland and England, visiting the scenes where his parents 
and ancestors had lived for generations. 

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Joseph N. Salki.v. By his long continued business relations as 
a stock raiser and dealer in Walker Township, Joseph N. Salrin 
has become known to ]ieople all over Jasper and Xewtou counties. 
\Yhcrc\er he is known he is esteemed for his genial goodfellowship, 
his thorough integrity, and his ability to get ahead in the world and 
make the best of circumstances and conditions. 

He has spent most of his life in Jasper Coimt)-, and the family 
name will at once he recognized as one of the older ones in this 
section of Indiana. He was born August 30, 1866, in Coshocton 
County, Ohio, a son of Christopher and Margaret (Nichols) Salrin. 
His parents were married in 1861 in Ohio, and a few years later 
they came with their children to Jasper County, locating on 160 
acres in W'alker Township. There the children were reared and 
they attended school, at first in the old Hershman schoolhouse v.-hen 
the teacher was Miss Melissa McDonald, afterwards they were in 
the new Hershman school for three years, and finished their educa- 
tion in the Zick schoolhouse. Christopher Salrin is now one of the 
honored jiioneers and old timers of Jasjjer County. Farming has 
been his occupation, and when in his i)rime he did a considerable 
business in the raising of stock. His industry has enabled him to 
accumulate quite a large holding of land and he frequently set 
standard or progressiveness in his farm work \\iiich many others 
stroN-e to follow. He is a democrat in politics, and he and iiis wife 
are members of the Catholic Church. One of the cardinal principles 
of his influence in public matters has been the building up and sup- 
port of good institutions of education. His wife was laid to rest 
Sejjtember 6, 1903, being sur\'ived by her husband and six children. 
Altogether there were eight children in the family, namely: Mary 
v., deceased; Margaret and Joseph N., both of whom are married; 
Agnes, deceased ; Stephen, Perry W., George and Anna, all of whom 
are married and have homes of their own. 

]n the schools and schoolhouscs already mentioned Joseph N. 
Salrin acquired his early education and was trained for a practical 
career. \Miile his schooling was limited, he has always been a great 
reader and student, and is one of the well informed citizens of 
Jasper County. When oidy fifteen years of age he started out to 
make his own way, and there is an interesting account to be told of 
his first ventures. Tlie first $10 he earned came from a hard trap- 
ping experience. He worked and exposed himself for several weeks 
in catching muskrats, selling their hides at 10 cents apiece, until he 
had accumulated the sum of $10. He jiromptly invested this little 
capital in a calf. He had some dreams of fine jjvofit o\-er that calf, 
but in a few weeks it laid down and died, and the investment would 
have been a total loss had ho not skinned the carcass and sold the 
pell for .'iii.50. He then invested this in six new steel traps, and 
began another campaign in trapping muskrats. During the follow- 
ing winter he trapped enough to buy two calves, and this time his 
enterprise was better rewarded, and he finally sold them for $40. 

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That was tlic way he got liis start in tlic stock raising business. He 
has had other vicissitudes and ups and downs since then, but as in 
ilic first instance he has never allowed discouragement to overwhelm 
him, and on Ilic whole has been steadily jirosjiering and now enjoys 
the income and fruitage of a good farm and a good busincs'^ in the 
live stock trade. 

By the time be was t\vcn(y-fj\c he had gallKvcd together a con- 
siderable number of live stock, and was dien ready to start a home 
of his own. He married I'.ertba K. Peltet, a daughter of J.-icub P. 
and Sarah Ann (Stuts) Pettct. Into their home have been liorn 
eight children, namely : ( )rvis is still unmarried ; Perry, who was 
bitten by a rattlesnake while in Gillam Township, and died twenty- 
four hours later; Eva, John, Ferry, Pet, Maitlia, and Lilly, all of 
whom are living and still single. 

In politics i\lr. Josei)h Salrin is a demociat and has done much 
in a public spirited manner to advance the interests of his home com- 
munity. He held the office of township trustee for one term, in 
which time he advanced the local school system, and as township 
su])ervisor built the first six miles of stone road in Walker Town- 
shij). He has steadily and consistently Ijcen a good road advocate 
for man)' years. He is also the j^rincipal petitioner and supporter 
of tlie largest drainage ditch ever built in Jasper County. 

Joseph A. .'^m)tii is one of the jirogressive farmers of Walker 
To^vnship whose practical example has meant much to that com- 
munity as it would have meant to any commimity, and since he is 
still a young man tliere is promise of many years of usefu.l labor 
both for himself and family and for the entire community. What 
he has accomplished has been self-reliance and industry, without 
fear or favor, and there is something stimulating and enconraging 
in such a career for every younger man. 

Born January 2i<, 1879. in Walker Township of Jasper County, 
he is a son of Grover and Lottie (Ferrel) Smith. The six children 
among whom he was one were: Joseph; INIary. now deceased; 
Mattie, who is married; Gro\-er, Jr., who is marrici -lul has a home 
of his own; Bessie, deceased; and Francis. Thf n'ther of these 
children spent practically all his life in planting an : some commer- 
cial work and was a republican in politics. 

As a boy Joseph A. Smith attended sttch local ■■iiools as were 
in his vicinity, but supplemented these advantages h\ ^tudy at home. 
He is a student, a keen observer, and has nev^ failed to take 
advantage of his own experiences and lessons whirl ,,c could learn 
from his neighbors and from any other available so'.irce. When he 
started out in life at the age of twenty-one he had MOthing in the 
way of capital though he possessed more than an ciilinary equip- 
ment of ambition, sturdy industry, and good habits, li i-; not strange 
that he is now numbered among the most progressive farmers and 
business men of Jasjjer County, though only thirty-six years of age. 









]n ])olitics he is a republican. He supports every public enter- 
prise which he belie\-es will brin<j benefit not only to himself but to 
his neighbors, and has been especially interested in the schools which 
will educate the future generation, b'or the jiast four years lu- has 
occupied tlie old Ferrel homestead in Walker Town.ship, and in that 
time has carried out many of his cherished plans and ideals in order 
to make it a farm equal lo llie best found in that section of the 

On January 29, 1900, at \\'heatfield he married AFiss Lena Yeiler, 
a daughter of Frederick and Eureka (Mulsworth) Yeiler. The 
eight children in the Yeiter family are as follows: Christina, Emma, 
Fred, Rosa, William, Georgia, Louisa, and Lena. Of these Georgia 
is now deceased, while all the others are married and have homes of 
their own. They were all born in Tippecanoe County, and gained 
pari of their education there, though the youngest finished in 
Jasper Count) . 

F'kank E. Lewis. One of the best known figures in railroad 
circles of Northern Indiana is Frank E. Lewis, general manager of 
the Chicago 'S: Wabash \'alley Railroad, a line v.bich is ;u present a 
feeder of the Monon I\ail\vay and wb.ich was originally built by 
B. J. Gifford. The career of Mr. l^ewis illustrates forcibly the 
awards to be gained in railroading liy men of energy and perse- 
verance, for he started in the low ly capacity of section hand and has 
worked his way steadily upward until he is now the incumbent of 
a position of large responsibility. 

Mr. Lewis is a native of Eric County, New York, and was born 
December 2, 1S75, one of the four children (all living) of 
William and Elizabeth (Law) Lewis, natives respectively of Her- 
kimer County, New York, and the Dominion of Canada. William 
Lewis, who is a farmer and still resides in the Empire State, is a 
son of James Lewis, a native of Wales, who came unmarried to 
America in 1836 and was an employe of the old New York Central 
System, in which capacity he helped to build the first railroad in 
New York. 

Frank E. Lewis passed his early days on the farm of his parents. 
attending the public schools and consequently taking a commercial 
course in a business college at Clarence, New York. He early 
showed a predilection for railroading, his first work in that line 
being as a section hand on the New York Central Railroad, a ])0si- 
tion which he held for about one year. In 1894 he came to Jas])er 
County, Indiana, as an employe of B. J. Gifford, who had just entered 
upon his great work of improvement in reclaiming the lands of the 
northern part of the county, and here his first work consisted of 
helping in the dredge work as comnion laborer. His faithfulness 
and industry soon attracted attention and after about one year he 
was given a position as clerk and bookkeeper by Mr. Gifi'ord, in 
which position he took care of much detail work, such as keeping 







the time of the einjjloves, making uj) pay rolls, buying supplies, etc. 
Two years Inter he returned to the dredge work to more thoroughly 
master that end of the liusincss. it being his objective aim to become 
a "runner," or engineer. In August. iS'>S, when Mr. Gifl'ord began 
the building of the railroad. Mr. Eewis was transferred to the engi- 
neering corps of that work and continued to be so employed until 
January, 1899, when the road was put in operation. At that time 
he was made superintendent of the road, continuing as such until 
October, 1906. when he was made general sujierintendent, general 
freight agent and general passenger agent, and as such practically 
had full charge of the railroacrs affairs. In connection with dis- 
charging the duties of these offices he also assisted Mr. Gifford in 
the general management of his farm lands and his large local 
interests. In 1912, wlien ]\lr. (iifford's health began to fail, 
Mr. Lewis rereixed the title of general manager, and in INlarch, 
1914, when the road was sold to the Monon Railway, that corporation 
retained him in that position. He continues in that responsible 
office, with headquarters at Kersey. 

Mr. Lewis is a republican in pi.'litics and for two years was a 
member of the Jasper County Council. He is well known in 
Masonry, ha\ing been a charter member of Wheatfield Lodge No. 
6-12, Free and .Accepted Masons, of which he was master three 
terms, and is a member of Rensselaer Chapter No. 130, Royal Arch 
Masons, and North Judson Council No. 78. He holds membership 
also in the Knights of Pythias and the Modern Woodmen of 
America, and ha? numerous friends in fraternal circles. IVlr. Lewis 
is a member of the Christian Church. 

In 1899 Mr. Lewis was married to Miss Jennie Strebelow, of 
Hersher, Illinois, who died in January, 1901. In 1903 Mr. Lewis 
was again married, being united with Airs. Queen Engler, of Monon, 
Indiana, daughter of Perry Ward, and widow of Da\id Engler. By 
her marriage with Mr. Engler Mrs. Lewis is the mother of one 
daughter, Pauline. Mr. and Mrs. Lewis have one son and one 
daughter: Dorothy and Francis William. Mrs. Lewis is a member 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church. 

Miss C.\thi;rixe Wexrick. One of the most interesting 
women of Jasper County is Miss Catherine Wenrick of \\'alker 
Township. She has lived in this county since pioneer times, has 
witnessed all the changes, and has a record on her own mind of the 
life and activities of the county and its people co\-ering more than 
half a centur)-. Under difficulties she has accomplished a great 
deal in the world, not only in a material way, since for many years 
she has prosperously conducted some extensive farming opera- 
tions, but also in deeds of personal charity and kindness to her 

She was born Alarch 13, 1848, in ^lifllin County, Pennsylvania, 
a daughter of John and Mary .\. ( Puungardner ) Wenrick. Her 



gnnuljjarcnts were John and Catherine Wenriek, who were married 
m Center County, Pennsylvania, about 1821, and were the parents 
of seven chikhen, nameiy : George, deceased ; lolm ; JVter, deceased ■ 
Polly; Hannah M., Daniel an.d William, all deceased. Grandfather 
John Wciirick followed farjning praclically all his life, lie was a 
memhcr and active worker in the German Reformed Church. 

John Wenrick, Jr., a man of venerable years, still living in jas- 
per County, was married in Pennsylvania in Alay, 1S4;, nn'l in 
April, JS35, moved to .Miami Couniv, ohir., whrrV he "muv,! his 
famil3- of nine children. These children ucve: CatlKMine ; inizahclh 
J\I., and John H., deceased; Noah M.. \.ho is married and has a 
home of his own.; Rachel L., deceased; W ilham J., Nancy E., Jacob 
F., and James W., all of whom are still luing and married. ' 

From Ohio John Wenrick moved his fan^.ily lo Ja.sper County, 
Indiana, where he arrived December 5, ),S68. Thu^ for nearly half 
a century this name has been associated with the best interests of 
the fanning and civic community of Walker Township. At that 
time some of his children were still young and they attended school 
at the old Hershman school, which was conducted in a lo<> cilun 
and reprtsented only the siniplest requirements of the educational 
system of that state. John Wenrick followed farming here the rest 
of his active career, and has always been a man alert to the 
advantage ,v of public improvements and a liberal supporter of every- 
thing wliicii he believed would be for the benefit of the community 
at the jir.'sent and for the future. He became a republican about 
the time tliat party came into existence, and was one of its active 
workeis in Jasj)er County until advanced age. lie was formerly 
affiliated with the ]ndei)endenl Order of Odd Fellows, and has long 
been identified with the United Brethren Churcl). 

^ When thirteen years of age Miss Catherine \\'enrick suffered 
injuries which made her a cripple. In lier case handicai- pi'oved 
only a spur to increased simple activity and an ambition to do good 
in the world. Though unable to attend school with other children, 
she managed to acquire a liberal education by extensive reading and 
she has never given up study in all her days. She has pro\ed a 
keen and able business woman, and for a number of years has 
owned and operated a tract of eighty acres of land in Walker 
Township, and looks after its management and crops with all the 
alertness of former years. She has an interesting fund of rem- 
iniscences concerning the early times in Walker Township, and has 
lived to witness practically every phase of its development since 
pioneer conditions. 

Martix \'. S.\Mis. This honored old soldier is one of the early 
settlers of Kankakee Township, vshere he has had his home on a 
constantly improving and more valuable farm for more than forty 
years. He has done his full share toward the developmenf of 
Jas])er County and when it is recalled that he served faithfulv as a 


soldier for tlirce years during IJic dark days of llic Ci\il war, his 
patriolisin and public sjiirit are beyoiid all question. 

Born Afarch 30. 1842, in Harrison County, Indiana, Martin V. 
Sands is a son of Dallas and ]^lizabclh (.Musselbaum) Sands. Alto- 
getlier tbcie were twelve children in his parents' family, namely: 
Mary, Daniel, Sarah, [Maria, Tiny, L'^aac, \\'illiam, ^Martin, Martha, 
James, Jolm, and Rebecca. The only ones still living are Maria, 
Martin, John, and Rebecca. Dallas Sands, the father, was a good 
type of the rugged and wholesome pioneer of early Indiana days. 
He was a farmer and gave to that vocation his best years. In 
politics he was a whig and was a member of the Baptist Churcli. 
He died and was laid to rest on the old homestead in Harrison 
Township in 1855. 

In the meantime ]\Iartin V. .Sands had passed the period of 
childhood and early youlh, had attended such schools as were avail- 
able in his time and section of Indiana, and was a little past nineteen 
when in August, i86i, he enlisted in Conij^any B of tlie Forty-fifth 
Regiment of Indiana Cavalry. He saw three years of arduous 
service. He was in the battle of Antietam, fought during those 
campaigns which resulted in so many reverses to the Union troops 
U]) to and including Fredericksburg, and then became a unit in the 
great army which was revitalizerl and made efficient by the great 
soldier, Grarjl. Pie fought in the battle of the Wilderness at Gettvs- 
burg, and in the battles before Petersburg. About that time he was 
mustered otit of service at Indianapolis, in 1864. 

Following his record as a soldier Mr. Sands returned to the old 
homestead in Harrison County, and while living there, on March 30, 
1866, he married I\liss Eydia Miller. They began their married 
life in Southern Illinois, where they lived for six years, but in 1872 
established their home in Jasper County. Mr. Sands bought eighty 
acres in Kankakee Township, and with that as a" nucleus he has 
continued his residence and his farming activities there ever since. 
In politics he has followed the natural course of a soldier who fought 
for the preservation of the Union, and has always been a n.-]jublican. 
His name has been identified with local politics for a number of 
years, and for eight years he served as township supervisor. His 
own success as a farmer has commended him to the confidence of 
his fellow citizens, and he has made his influence count in many ways 
for better schools, better roads and all inipro\ements. 

While in many other ways his life has been so satisfactory, 
Mr. Sands also finds pleasure in the fact that his family line is 
established for succeeding generations. He and his wife reared a 
family of nine children: Hattie, deceased; Addie, who is married; 
Alice, deceased; Clarence and Marion, both of whom are married; 
Lydia, still single; Charles and George, both married; and Edward, 
who is still single. 




Isaac l)l.\n. It is well for every roninuinity to preserve ii record 
of its acti\e ami useful citizens, for it gives character to a jilacc 
and ati'oi'ds examine for desirable emiilatiou. In this eonneclion 
is brought forward the name, life and ser\ices of ibe late Isaac 
Dunn, one of Jasjier County's best known men who, for many years 
was deepl)' intervsted in promoting public improvements and in 
furthering mora! movements. With honest citiciency he ser\ed in 
public office, and tlie massive iron bridge thai spans the Kankakee 
River is one of the monumen.ts testifying to his public spirit and 
wise judgme'.it. Largely self educated, for he but meager oppor- 
tunities in early youth, he became widely informed through his 
natural ability, and Jasper County profited by having later so broad- 
minded a man representing it in the Slate Legislature and in other 
public offices. 

Isaac Dunn was born about 1S23, in Maine, and from there in 
1S54 came first to Richmond, Indiana, and then to Jasper County. 
His parents were William and Xaiicy Dunn and they had twelve 
children, Isaac being the ninth in order of birth. The full record 
is as follows: Martha, born July 10. i8u6, died in 1816; Harriet, 
born January icj, 1808; jo'in Wesley, born June 20, 1810: Hannah 
I'"reemaii. 'jorn August 16, 1812; F.lvin, born October 17, j8i.^. died 
in 1834; .'^-arah Ann, born February 21, 1817; \\'illiam Milton, born 
February 21, 1819, died in 1827; Martha (2), born February 13, 
1821 ; Isaac, bom July 4, 1823; Gilbert AL, born March 26, 1825; 
William ?,Iilton (2), born October 12, 1827; and Lucius Clark, born 
June 8, 1829. Of this large family there are but few survi\ors. 

In 1854. in Main.e, Isaac Dunn was united in marriage with Miss 
Nancy B. Coflin, who was born Xovember 15, 1833. ^^^^ parents 
were John and Henrietta (llallise) Coffin. Immediately after mar- 
riage Mr. and Mrs. Dunn came to Indiana and their children, four 
in number, were born in Jasper County. They had three sons and 
one daughter: Ciilbert, who is deceased; and John, Carrie D., and 
George, all three of whom now have home circles of their own. 
They were reared in 'Jasp^r County and attended the subscription 
schools, later the Oak Grove School, and their first teacher was 
Mrs. Jonathan Winter. 

Isaac Dunn was a man of much enterprise and from the time he 
came to Indiana until his death, in December, 1912, was active in 
promoting measures that would be of permanent good to his county. 
He had far more foresight than many of his neighbors and could 
recognize the value of permanent improvements and progressive 
legislation when others, of duller intellect, often opposed change. 
His energy, enterprise and public spirit made him a politician, not 
for his own advantage but in order that ho might be able to wield 
a wider influence for those things that meant true citizenship to him. 
He earl)- identified himself with the republican party and by that 
party was elected county commissioner, in which office he served 
two terms and during this period was the jirime mo\-er in ha\lr:g 


two necessary bridges luiilt across the Kank;ikec River in Kankakee 
Township, first a wooden structure and later the present line iron 
bridge. Still later 'Mr. Dunn was elected fnini Jasper County to the 
State Legislature and served hon.orably for two terms. 

Mr. Dunn was reared in liie Methodist f;iith and throughout his 
long life was consistent in his religious life. He gax'e liberally to 
all bene\-olent causes and practically built two of the Methodist 
]{piscopal Clunch edifices in his county. He died at Wheat field 
and was laid to rer.l in the W'lieatfield Cemetery, Dci ember S, JQ12. 

Osc.\R Bo^■^■TO^• Rockwell. The Rockwells were among the 
oldest settlers in this section of Indiana, and the name has been 
familiarly associated with jiioneer labors, with good citizenship, 
with official work, with military ser\ice, with farming and m.any 
lines of business in Jasper and Xewton and Starke counties for 
several generations. 

The Rockwells are of \'cr}- old American stock. John Rockwell, 
founder of the family, came from the vicinity of Dorchester, Eng- 
land, where for many previous generations the name had been well 
known, and on coming to America settled in Stamford, Connecticut, 
about 1640. The first recorded date of him in this country is Decem- 
ber 7, 1641, when he is named as one of the first settlers and rc':ei\cd 
for his home lot two acres and a parcel of woodland. The next 
record date of him is ii'^yj. when he sold his land there in Stamford 
and remo\-ed to ^^'e^^cheslcr County, New York, where his death 
occurred in idjC). This John Rockwell married Elizabeth Weed, of 
Stamford, C-nriieclicut. Their three children were John Rockwell, 
Jr., Sarah, and 2^Iehitabel. Thomas Rockwell, who was a son of 
John Rockwell, Jr., married on December 19, 1703, Sarah Resco. 
Their three children were named Sarah, Thomas, and Jabez. 
Thomas Rockwell died in June, 1712, in Norwalk, New York. 

Jabez Rockwell married Elizabeth Sperry. On ^lay (), 1775, 
Jabez Rockwell enlisted in the Se\'enth Company of the Si.xth Regi- 
ment under Col. Samuel II. Parsons, and served as a soldier during 
most of the years of the War of the American Revolution. He and 
his wife had the following children : Benjamin, Levi, Betsey, and Eli. 

In a later generation, the seventh after the founding of the 
family in America, is Levi Clark Rockwell. Levi Clark l^ockwell 
was born in New York State August i, 1809. He married Ruth 
Pamelia Knapp on December 29, 1835. She was born November 
18, 1816. This family moved from New York to Montgomery 
County, Indirma, in the .spring of 1854, but in the fall of the same 
year Le\-i C. Rockwell bought a 160-acre tract of land in Jasper 
County, Indiana, in K-inkal;ce To\\-nship. He acfiuired this land 
direct from the Government, and on March 10, 1855, the family 
moved to Ja.sper County and established their home on the recently 
acquired quarter-section. This land, which has undergone many 
changes and improvements, is still owned by members of the Rock- 

I .;■,■■ '- .'-I »/;rrintl I 

«72 j.\.si-i.;k .\.\d .\k\\-jo.\ cuu.\Tii.:.s 

wvll la.n■l3^ i-s p.vs.nt occupant being Mrs. Ida Rockwell Favlur, 
laugnler o Lev, Clark .Rockwell. l,cvi Clark Rockwell and 'wife 
i_ad eight children; Oscar Boynton, Wallace Harrhigton, Alnhon.o 
J age, ]M-anc,R Marion, Edward .Stoddard, George Shelly Ida J'r\N'in 
and ]:lolcon,b Vanny. Levi Clark Rockwell, their father died -,1 
^an Pierre, Indiana, July lo, 1897. while his wife was laid to rest 
October 7, 1890. 
. Oscar Boynlon Rockwell, the oldest of ib.e family is r.i oM 

soldier, a prominent farmer and citizen, active and well known not 
only in Jasper County and Kankakee Township but m Siarlc 
County, grew to manhood in Ja.sper County, on the old homesteid 
already mentioned. In 1860 he ^^.as elected trustee of Kankakee 
Icwnship for a two year term, lie resigned tin's office and on 
September 11, 1861, enlisted as a private in Company C of the 
Iwenty-ninth Indiana Volunteer Infantry for a term of'thrce years 
or durmg the war. On the reorganization of this regiment be- was 
njade corporal. Me was wounded in the battle of Stone River or 
Murfreesboro, 1 ennes>ee, IVeembc r ,v, itiO,. but .soon recovered 
and was on the n,areli with his command. On December 16 186, 
he veteranized and re-cnlisted in the same regiment at Ilridgepon; 
Alabama. In May, ^V,,.^^ he was aj.pointed first or orderly sergeant 
of Company C of the Twenty-nintli Regiment and was commissfoned 
captain ot Loinpany h in the same regiment on January x, 186. 
lie conunued with b,s command in some of the most strenuous 
*^n,j,a,g„s of the war, particularly through Tennessee, Mississippi, 
AlaDama, Georgia, and received an honorable discharge at Marietn. 
Georgia, December 2, .S65. After the war he returned home and 
look up a_ career as farmer and stock rai.ser, which has employed 
nnich of his energy and which has been the basis for his considerable 
success and pro.sperity. Many of his years have also l>een demanded 
by his fellow citizens. He served four years from 186S to 187^ 
as trustee of Kankakee Township. J^r eight years, from 1907 to 
1915. he was county assessor of Starke County, Indiana. In politics 
he is a loyal republican. 

Oscar B. Rockwell married Louisa Gannon. To their union 
were born four chikhxn : Grant 1^. ; Louisa B., now deceased ; Arthur 
L. ; and Lhner H. The three living children are all married. 

David Millek. It is one of the oldest families of Jasper County 
that furnished material for this brief sketch. David Miller himself 
has lived in Walker Township of Jasper County ever since he was 
twenty-one years of age, and his recollection of local events and 
mcidents covers a period of almost half a century. The various 
members of the Miller family, while they have pursued .somewhat 
uneventtul lives, have been industrious, thrifty, honorable in all 
iheir relations, and on the whole have done a greater service lo the 
community through the exercise of such virtues than many "men 
who receive greater space in ne\vspaper accounts. 

a) lu 


The ^Miller faiiiily came to Indiana from T\Iahouing County, 
Ohio, where Da\ i'l .Miller was born October 2, 1846, and his parents 
were Peter I,, and T,) dia (Duterer) Miller. They were married al)OUt 
1S30, and became the parents of nine children: Levi, Martha Mag- 
dalena, Elizabeth and Susan, all now deceased ; Mary, Lydia, David, 
Catherine and Sarah Ann, all of whom are married and arc still 
alive. Pelcr L. Miller, the father, a great many years ago owned 
and operated a grist mill and carding machine, and all did carpenter 
work in Malionin;:; County, Ohio, and from there came to Harrison 
County, Indiana, where in addition to his ^vo^k as a farmer he 
employed his skill as a carpenter in the buildmg of many houses 
and barns in that locality. All the children were born in Mahoning 
County and gained their education in whole or in part in the local 
schools there, though the youngest of them attended school in 
Harrison County, Indiana. Peter L. Miller was originally a whig in 
politics but beramc identified with the republican party on its organ- 
ization and w.-is a \-:.-ry lo)nl exponent of its principles ever after- 
ward. The son Lc\-i, enlisted in Company K of the Eighty-first 
Indiana Volunteer Infantry in 1862 for three years. He fell ill and 
died while in the service and was buried in the Arlington Cemetery 
at Washington, in 1863. 

Jt was in March, 1867. that the Miller family came into Jasper 
Couiity. headed by Peter L. Miller, the father, lie settled in 
^^^^lker Townshij). occupying about eighty acres of the old John 
Dilliii;.jham homestead. Here he spent a number of years as a 
farmer, and his labors went into the early development of the county 
and he performed one of tliose units of service out of which have 
been evolved the great material prosperity of this section as it is 
today. Peter L. Miller was laid to rest in November, 1879, ^t San 
Pierre, Indiana, and his beloved wife followed him in June, 1881. 

David Miller completed his education in the connnon schools of 
Harrison County, Indiana. He lived with his parents, worked 
industriously on the farm, and helped them develop a new home in 
Jasper County, ^\'hen he was twenty-siy years of age he took up an 
independent career. Deccmlicr 10. 1872, he married Martha J. 
Biggs, daughter of Isaac Biggs, of a well known Jasper County 
family. There were four children by this union: Emmons M., 
William E., John A., and Bertha N., all of whom are married except 
Emmons. The mother of these children passed away July 6, 1882, 
and was laid to rest in Pulaski County. With the care of young 
children upon him David Miller continued to maintain his home 
and work his farm alone mitil December 10, 1883, when he married 
Rebecca Secgrisl. There were also four children by this union: 
Charles E., unniarricd : Benjriniin P.. still single : Xancy N., deceased ; 
and David P. -Mr. Miller :;nfl !ii,; good wife have done much to 
educate their children and train thein properly for places of useful- 
ness in the world. 

Since early manhood David Miller has consislcnlly voted with 



the itjniblican parly and has been erne of the juen of influeiicc in 
his section of llic slate. He has supported every ]nihlic enterprise, 
has worked to improve the material aspecl of Walker Township, 
and endeavored to make his own farm as highly productive as pos- 
sible so as to serve as an example for others in the same occupation. 
He and his family have long been identified with the ^Tethodist 
Episcopal Church, and he assisted toward building two churches in 
Tefft. For thirteen years he served as Sunday school .superintend- 
ent, was a trustee for years and also steward. In the early days 
Mr. INIiller earned most of his ready money by cutting railroad ties 
and putting up wild hay. He has a good many interesting recollec- 
tions of the old stage line that at one time ran over the road by the 
homestead. In the early days as he can remember railroad tics were 
practically legal tender in tliis section of Indiana, as much so as 
coon skins had been at a still earlier epoch in pioneer life. 

Is.\.\c Kk^ht. Xow engaged in the general merchandise busi- 
ness in the \'illage of Fair Oaks, Isaac Kigjit has been a resident 
at Newton and Ja.sper counties for nearly half a century and has 
contributed his quota to civic and industrial development and prog- 
ress. He has been active and influential as a loyal and public- 
spirited citizen and since establishing his present business cnterpiisc 
he has served as trustee of Union Township. 

Isaac Kight was born in Scotland County, Missouri, on the 
iMi of Xovember, 1846, the fourtli in order of birth in a family 
of seven children, of whom five are now living. FIc is a son of 
Joseph and Maria (XHchols) Kight, both natives of Ohio and 
representatives of pioneer families of the old Jluckcye .State. Joseph 
Kight, when a young man became a iiioneer settler in Missouri, 
where he engaged in agricultural pursuits. V\'hen nev.s came of the 
discovery of gold in California, he became one of the intrepid 
argonauts who venttn-ed across the plains and made their way to 
the New Eldorado. He made the long and wcarv journev as a 
representative of an ox-team caravan, and he remained rd;out 
eighteen montlis in California, where he was successful in his quest 
for the precious metal. He returned to his home, but died shortly 
afterward, as a result of typhoid fever, which he had contracted while 
absent in the far West. 

Isaac Kight was a boy at the time of his father's death, and 
when nine years of age he accompanied his widov,ed mother and 
the other children to tlie liome of his maternal grandfather, in 
Momence, Illinois, There he was reared to adult age and there he 
duly availed himself of the advantages of the common schools of 
the period. As a youth he assisted in the work of his gi andfather's 
farm, and after attaining to his legal majority he continued his 
activities as a farm workman in the employ of others. In 1867, 
accompanied by his mother and other members of the family, IMr. 
Kight came to Indiana and cstal)lished his residence at Beaver Lake, 

.. ,i,.|i..,.r!vl\c 

jASJM^K .WD Xr':\\-l'()X COUNTIES 675 

Newton Count}-, where lie en!^a,L;e(! in llic rai.sing of and dealing; in 
cattle. Later his mother removed to Lake \'illage, that comity, and 
there she continued to maintain her home until her death, in 189.^, 
at a \-cneral'le age. Afr. Right was a jjionecr in the live-stock 
industry in this section of Indiana and recalls the time wlien the 
conditions were those of a virtual unbroken prairie and swani]> 
country. Wild game was plentiful, and in the early days he trapped 
fur-hearing animals, killed deer and brought down other wild game 
in what is now a thickly settled and opulenl section of the 1 looster 
State. He and his brother William T. killed sevcnty-eiglil swan in 
a single afternoon, their firearms being muzzle-loading shot-guns of 
the oldtinie type. 

In iS/4 Mr. Right removed to a large tract of land one mile west 
of the present \''illagc of I'"air Oaks, and lie continued his activities 
as a farmer and stock-grower in Xcwton County until 1897, when 
he came to Jasper County and establislied his home at Fair Oaks, 
where lie has since remained and where he had become interested 
in the mercantile l)usiness in 1893. ^\'ith this line of enterprise he 
has been successfully identified at this place during the intervening- 
period of nearly a quarter of a century, and he is senior member of 
the firm of Right & Eggleston, which has a large and well equipped 
general store and controls a substantial and profitable trade. 

In politics Mr. Right is a stalwart advocate of the cause of the 
democratic party, and he served ten years as trustee of Colfa.x To\-i'n- 
ship, Newton County. In 1908 he wes elected trustee of Union 
Township, Jasper County, and by successive re-elections he con- 
tinued tlic incunilient of this office for a period of six years. Both 
he and bis wife are earnest men-ibers of the IMethodist Episcopal 
Church in their home village, and they have a wide circle of friends 
in both Ja.sper and Newton comities. 

On the 8th of January, 1874, was solemnized the marriage of 
Mr. Right to ]\Iiss Eliza Spry, daughter of the late Enoch and Mary 
(Burton) Spry, who removed from Rentucky to Rankakee County, 
Illinois, in 1855, and who came to Newton County, Indiana, in 1867. 
Mr. and Mrs. Right have three children : Allen G., married jMiss 
Alice Peck and they reside on a farm in Jasper Coui-ity ; Stella is the 
wife of Michael Shehan and they maintain their home at Monon, 
this state; and John T. and his wife, whose maiden name was Pearl 
Dodge, reside in the City of Indianapolis. 

Elias H.ammerton. For many years the name of Hammerton 
has been known and resjiected in Jasper County, Indiana, and no 
more worthy bearer of this name could have been found than was the 
late Elias Han.imcrton, who jiassed out of life at his home in Rens- 
scher, in October, 191 1. He was liorn in England, June 29, 1841. 
and was a son of John and Anne Hammerton, who reared eight 

In England, the Hammcrtons were agriculturists and when they 

,11 •'. ..(Ii rri I 

- ■■<■ t,;-.:i:f .TtA 

,lnV iu:il,iU !(. -ai-// 


came io the United Slates in 1854, tliry souglit desirable farming 
land, finding it in Iroqnoi.s County, Illinois. Elias Hammerton was 
tlien thirteen years of age, old enough to give his father material 
assistance on his pioneer farm, and there the young man remained 
until the outbreak of the Civil war. In 1861 he enlisted for service 
in the Federal army, and for three long years bravely faced the 
dangers of war, taking part in such notable battles as Shiloh and 
the siege of \'icksburg. It was his good fortune to escape serious 
injury and after his term of enlistment had expired he returned to 
his home in Illinois and resumed farming. 

Elias Hammerton was married twice, first to Lucinda Rader, 
and second to Airs. Sadie Sullivan. His eleven children were born to 
his first marriage and eight of these are yet living. In 1874, with 
his father and his own family, he moved to Jasiicr Connly, Indinna, 
settling in Hanging C^o^'e Townshif) and engaging ilioie in fanning 
for a number of years. Later in life he moved t(j Ren.-.sclacr but 
not to retire, for afterward, for thirteen years he served as carrier 
on ruial mail routes. Of a deeply religious nature, he became prom- 
inent iai the Methodist Episcopal Church and during the greater 
part of his life served in some ofilicial capacity, such as Sunday 
school superintendent, steward and class leader. Honesty of wo''d 
and deed was- a part of his nature and his practical ideas of charity 
made him dependable when deserving objects came to his attention. 
He cast his political influence with the rei)u1)lican jxirtv. For many 
years he was an Odd Fellow and almost from its organization was a 
member of the Grand Army of the Republic. 

GiiORGii Hknkv II.vmmrrtox. As a trustee of Union Township 
and a leading merchant at Parr, Indiana, CJeorge H. Hammerton may 
justly be called one of the representative men of Jasi)er County. 
He was bom August 26, 1873, in Iroquois County, Illinois, and 
thus was but. one year old when his parents, Elias and Lucinda 
(Rader) Hammerton, came to Jasper County. He grew up on his 
father's farn. and until he was seventeen years of age assisted during 
the summer months and attended the pubhc schools during the 
winters. He remained with his father until he was twenty-one 
years old and then assumed the direction of his own affairs, about 
this time entering the Northern Indiana Normal School at Val- 
paraiso, where he continued, at intervals, to be a student for two 
years. During this time he began to teach school, his first experience 
being in Hanging Grove Township, and for sixteen years he remained 
in the educational field, teaching four terms in Jasper County and 
the rest of the time in Iroquois and \'ermilion counties, Illinois. 
In the meantime he had purchased a farm in Union lownship, 
vv'hich he operated for two years and then sold and came to Parr, 
where, in 1912, he embarked in a mercantile business which enter- 
prise has proved a satisfactory investment. As a merchant he is 
no less popular than he was as a teacher and the general confidence 


and esteem in whicli ho is held has been praclioally proved by his 
eleclion lo responsllilo public office. In politics he is a republican 
and in 1914 on that ticket he was elected a trustee of Union Town- 
■ ship and his performance of duty has been eflieient in every way. 
On September 27, 1903, George H. Hammerton was united in 
marriage with Miss Rosa Chupp, ai?d they have three children: 
Gladys Edith, Cecil Lawrence and Winifred Glen. jMr. and Mrs. 
Hammerton are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church. He 
is identified fraternally with the Odd Fellows and wnth the Modern 
Woodmen of America. 

Joseph Sti:wart. E.ver since he established his home iii Hang- 
ing Grove Township a little more than a quarter of a century ago 
Joseph Stewart has been a factor in local progiess. One e\'idence 
of this in the fine .stone road, \y'^ miles in length, which extends 
in front of his farm and is known as the Joe Stewart Road. There 
is no improvement of greater mioment to a live and progressive rural 
community than good roads. Good roads ty])ify the vital health of 
a district, just as bed roads indicate sloth and backwardness. If 
he had performed no other service in the township, Joseph Stewart 
would deserve much credit for his work in behalf of improved high- 
ways. It was he and Robert S. Dralce who got up the petition for 
the C. C. Randlc or Rensselaer Road, which was the first improved 
highway in Hanging Grove Township. 

Though the greater part of his actiA-e career has been spent in 
Jasper County, Joseph Stewart was born in Richland County, near 
Mansfield, Ohio, June 6, 1855, a son of William and Rhoda (Stew- 
art) Stewart, both of whom are natives of the same state and were 
of descent. Joseph Stewart grew u[) in Ohio, gained 
his education there, and for a few years lived in Michigan. He then 
returned to Ohio and in \\^illiams County in that state near liryan 
he married in 1877, Rachel Tressler, a daughter of Joseph and 
Catherine Tressler, who were natives of Pennsylvania and of Ger- 
man stock. 

For twelve years after their marriage Mr. and Mrs. Stewart 
continued to live in Ohio, and in 1889 came to Hanging Grove 
Township and settled on a farm in section 26. Air. Stewart has a 
highly im]5roved and valuable place of eighty acres, situated 2'/< miles 
north of Lee. 

Five children have constituted their home circle, though the 
four who are now living are all married and settled in homes of 
their own. Arthur E., the oldest, lives in Hanging Grove Township 
and married Harriet Jordan. Bessie A. is the wife of John Jordan 
and also lives in Hanging Grove. Olin S. is a Methodist E]'iscopal 
pastor at Wavelnnd, Indiaiia, and married Ethel I'earson. Rollin ]. 
lives in Hanging Grove Township and married Hazel Drake. 

The deceased child was Claude J., who was next to the youngest. 
From an article that appeared in the local papers at the time of his 

: ;■ 01 i.' 

']' >rrn)ill£',) 

078 JASJ'iai AND Xl'.W^TOX COl.'NTIES 

death thi; following; quotalion is made: "Claude J. Siewarl, son 
of Joseph and Ivachel Stewart, was horn near West Jefferson, Ohio, 
April 22, 1S84. In 1889 he moved with his family to Hanging Grove 
township, Jasper county. In infancy he was consecrated to God In' liis 
Christian jjarents in baptism and at the age of eleven he joined the 
Methodist Episcopal clmrch at Osborne, and was received into full 
connection with that branch of the church. W'liiic ai the breakfast 
table June zj, 1905, he was sci/.ed with an alarming hemorrhage 
and died in less than twenty minutes, at the age of Iwenty-one years 
two months and five days. It is only simple truth when we ^^ay ihat 
Brother Claude was a good and upright young man, a thoughful 
son, a kind friend to all, and a quiet humble Christian. All who 
knew him testify to his kindly disposition, his excellent cliaracter 
and standard of honor. An attack of the measles left him with a 
cough from which he nex'cr fully recovered, though he spen! tw^o 
winters in Oklalmnia v.-itli a view of regaining his health. lie was 
at no time confined In iiis bed with protracted sickness. Yet for 
several months Ijefor^: his departure he realized that he had not 
long to live. "Ihis was indicated by his life fif pra)-er and his 
selection of the beautiful hymn The Home of the Soul io be sung 
at his funeral. The esteem in whicli he was held was indicatetl by 
the very large ec^ncOLn-bC of s)i!i])ai!iizing friends in atiendance at 
the funeral and numerous beautiful floral offerings. The Sabbath 
school class of which he was a member attended in a body with 
their offerings of flowers. The ftuieral services were held in the 
home coiiductcd by his pastor Rev. W. H. Fertis. The interment 
was in the Osborne ccn.ietery." 

It has been a somewliat active part that Mr. Stewart has ]ila_yed 
in local politics since coming to Jas])er Count)'. He is a democrat, 
has been a township committeeman four or fi\-e \'ears, served on the 
township advisory board six )ears, filled the office of township 
trustee four years, and was for six years townsliip supervisor. He 
is now serving as superintendent of the Erb ditch through his 
■ locality. Both he and his wife are members of the j\Iethodist 
Episcopal Church at Lee, of which lie was a trustee, and is now 
superintendent of the Sunday scliool. 

Francis E. ]\Iarion. No richer or more productive land in 
Indiana can be found than that embraced in the agricultural districts 
of Barkley Township, and a fine farm near the Village of Parr 
northw-est of Rensselaer gives illustration of the thrift and energy 
which have characterized the life of Francis E. Marion. Mr. Marion 
has spent nearly all his life in Jasjier County, ha\'ing been a resident 
fully half a century an.d l:as m-'.de his work- and hi.-^ example count 
for good ir. the community. 

A native of Illinois, where he was born July 31, i860, he is a 
son of Elias and .Sarah (Farmer) Marion. They were Ijoth l)orn 
in Ohio, and weie the parents of nine children, the names of seven 

■ 1/ .;i y!..-A/'f 


of Iheii! being John Leslie, Alary Elizabeth, ILliza jane, Francis E., 
Isaac Britton, George Washington, and Laura Belle, i^llias Alarion 
was born in 1S35 and died March 31, 1901. A farmer by occupation, 
during his long residence in Jasper County he acquired a large tract 
of land in Barkley TownshiiJ. Jle was an active republican, and for 
twenty-five years tilled the office of justice of the peace in his home 
township. Both he and his wife were working members of llie 
Methodist Church, and his wife lived to a ripe old age. 

On September 25, jRSu, Francis E, ^Marion marrii-d Kannali i\[. 
Davis. They were married by Sqtiire Marion, his father. She was 
the daughter of James M. and Sidney (Taylor) Davis, who came 
from Ohio to Indiana, first locating in Boone County, and in 1885 
coming to Jasper County, where they found a small home of t\\ enly 
acres on a part of the Hamilton homestead. Mr. Davis is remem- 
bered for his hard working ability, and he pros])cred as a farmer 
and provided well for his family of ten children, whose names were 
Mary, Luther, Lucinda, Joseph MacD., Kadilda, Eliza Jane, Sarah 
Elizabeth, Hannah ■M., and Emma Josephine. 

Mr. and 3ilrs. Marion had three children born to their marriage. 
Sidney, the oldest, is now deceased. Stella Josephine was married 
October 2, 1910, at Rensselaer to Roy Beaver, and they are now 
engaged in farming in this county. The youngest is Eli^is Estel. 

The Marion home in Barkley Township comprises 100 acres, 
and it is a farm that iri value and character of improvements measures 
well up to the standard set by the best places in this section of Indi- 
ana. Mr. ^Marion is a strong rcpnljlican, and served five years as 
school director. He and his wife are members of the Methodist 
Church. Having spent all his life since he was three years of age 
irj Jasper County, he has naturally been a witness to ali the important 
phases of its development. He recalls many of the old time methods 
of farming, and modern agricultural machinery had liardl)' come 
into any general use even during his early manhood. Just back 
of where his country residence now stands there existi d in his 
boyhood a large marsh, and he recalls hov/ the eagles used to circle 
around this marsh and occasionally dart down among the reeds and 
seize their prey. Around the old home of his boyhood the wolves 
used to howl at night, and practically within his lifetime have been 
effected the transformations which ha\e wrought a peaceful smiling 
landscape of farms and villages out of Jasper County. 

HoR.\CE G. D.VNiELP. It is one of the oldest and best known 
families of Barkley Townshiii tliat Horace Daniels is a representa- 
tive, and his own active career has been pursued with substantial 
bencfil to himself and tlic community for more than thirty years. 

Born -August 28, 1865, on the old Daniels homestead in Jasper 
County, he is a son of Shelby and Mary (English) Daniels, who 
were early settlers of Jasper County, having come to this section 
from Ohio, and secured a quarter-section of land direct from the 

t ;..,!• ., 

Adeldert Ell'.. '1 

lial men not )-et ]iasl middle 1 

witnessed (lie Iransfn 

irmaiiiin uf iiiiji. seelioi 

setllcd eouutry from ji 

r:uiiii\e and earele>s eoiulitioii 

state of most modern 

iniproNement in numerous di 

at first sight, unusual. 

, but it must be rcmemljered 

portation facilities foi 

■ so long a time interfered w 

devekijiriKin and wiili 

1 tlie liuilding of good roads 


Coxernment. Horace was the }-oungcsi of eight children, the others 
being i\Iartha, William, Ellen, Rhoda, George, Charles, and Thomas. 
^MJen Horace Daniels was still an infant his mother died, and 
his father died when Horace was about twehe years of age. Both 
he and his brother, George, attended the old liurns school in Baridey 
Townsliip and his early education was limited in time of attendance 
and in quality of instruction. After growing up to manhood Horace 
Daniels luarried, in i888, i\Ialintla Pullin.s, daughter of John and 
Mary Pullins. .Mr.. Daniels died April iS, 1892, having been the 
mother of two children; Chattie, now deceased; and ^^lary, v,ho is 
married and lives in a home of her own. ]\Ir. Daniels was married 
October 11, 1894, to Cerilda Ginn. They also hax-e two children, 
named Dora and Omar. Afr. Daniels is a member of the Independent 
Order of Odd Fellow,-,, No. 143. at Rensselaer, Indiana. 

ife should have 
is of our well 
s to the preseiu 
lections, seems, 
that tlie trans- 
ifh agricultural 
prosperity and 

improxeiiient have gone hand in hand. As the prosperous farmers 
of loday iransjjort their stock and produce to market expeditiously 
;ind ea.-i)y, and, with great personal comfort roll over the smooth 
highways in their speedy vehicles, few would be willing to go back 
to the time, not so far distant, when, in Jasper County, Indiana, 
there was not a ' single stone or gra\-el road. 'Jdiis time is well 
rememiiered by Adelbert .Eib, one of the county's leading farmers, 
who has always been nmch interested in the subjeel of good roads, 
as he has been in many other lines of improvement. 

Adelbert Eib was born in Will Counly, Illinois, June 15, 1852, and 
is a son of August and Jane (Evans) Eib. August Eib was born 
June 19, 1820, at Clark-sburg, in West X'ir.L'inia. From there he went 
to Pennsylvania and from that state drove overland to Illinois and 
settled on a homestead of 160 acres in Will Counly, where he fol- 
lowed farming during the rest of his life. In 1851, in Will County, 
he married Jane Evans, an admirable woman in every relation of 
life. Of their six children, Adelbert was the first born, the others 
being: Peter, William, Louetta, Owen, and Charles, the last two 
being deceased. The parents of this family were members of the 
Presbyterian Church, good and worthy people. The father was a 
democrat in his political \iews. 

Adelbert Eib obtained his education in Will County and well 
remembers the little log sclioolliouse that stood in the timber. In 
1877 he started out on his own resources as a farmer and as he was 
capable, industrious and prudent, soon acquired land and stock and 
continued an agricultural life in Will County until the spring of 

]'-, /.III 

'1 .vlkI 


iSou, when lie rciiiONed to J;is;ic_'r County, Iinliana, with his fnni- 
ily, buying: tlic old Stiers lioniestcnd of 160 acres, situated in 
Hanging Grove Township. Later on he removed to the old Chris 
Arnold homestead in Barclay Township. Those who are acqu;iintcd 
willi Mr. Eili know that he has always heartily supported pubh'c 
enterprises of all kinds and has been much interested in the securing 
of good roads. 

On October 10, 1878, 'Mr. Eib was united in marriage with 3,1 iss 
Rebecca Grimpe, who was horn in Will County and is a daughter 
of Henry and Alahala (Haughan)''Grimpe. .Mr. and Mrs. Eil) have 
five children: Lottie, Llerbert, Jennie, Alice, and Rollin. Lottie is 
the wife of George Wright, of Lardner, Illinois, but they live in 
Trai'l Count)', North Dakota. Mr. Eib was anxious to gi\'e his 
children educational advantages and they attended school in Will 
County hut finished their school courses after coming to Jasper 

Air. Eib and family belong to the Baptist Church. In piolitics 
he is a democrat. He can tell many interesting stories of both Will 
and Jasper County and of how his father's homestead of 160 acres 
was developed by hard work, and of his subsequent activities in the 
line of improvement since coming to Jasper County. 

J.MMES M. ToKP.ET. Among those farms which give a distinctive 
character to Barkiey Township- one of the most noteworthy is owned 
by James M. Torbet, who though comparatively a newcomer in 
Jasper County has so usefully and influentially identified himself 
with the life and affairs of that locality that he is one of the best 
known and best esteemed citizens. 

He \\-as born in Jennings County, Indiana, July 14, 1851. His 
jiarent.^ were James IM., .Sr.. and Isabelle (Latimore) Torbet, who 
were married in 1830 and had five children, nanied Robert S., John 
L., Allison, Isabelle, and James M. Of these the only ones now 
living are Isabelle and James M. The father died in March, 1S62, 
and the mother in August, 1875. 

As a boy James IM. Torbet sjient his days in his native county, 
attended local schools, and prepared himself for the serious business 
of life by a regular and rugged discipline on the home farm. His 
arrival in Jasper County was dated Eebruary 24, 1899, which date 
he settled on the George Kessler place in Barkiey Township. 

On September 4, 1876, Mr. Torbet married Hattie Bradley, 
daughter of Daniel and Ellen (Hamilton) Bradley. In the Bradley 
family there were six children, named Florence, Jennie, Hattie, 
Anna, Joseph, and Minnie. Mr. and Mrs. Torbet, in addition to 
gaining a material prosperity wdiich does them credit, have lirought 
into the world and have tenderly cared for a family of ten children. 
The names of this large household are : Nellie, Maggie, Ethel, PAu- 
ford W., Leroy, Flossie, John, Chloe, Creola, and Charles. Tliey 
are all still living, and arc all married except the three youngest. 

^t^ f-.i),.] :.;(' I/, -.u. ; I. 


iSy liard work as a fanner continued o\cr a period of more than 
forty years, James j\1. Torl)et lias won a commendable prosperity, 
and now owns a large tract of well improv:.i' and valuable land in 
Jasper County. In poli(i'-s he follows the example of his father 
and has always voted the republican ticket, and in Jasper County 
is well known for his service covering six years in the office of 
township ad\-isor. During his oflicial term a number of iniportant 
impro\emcnts were made in the \.o\\u, and he can well lalce satis- 
faction in the fact that he has helped in the forward mo\-enient in 
this conn'ng bcction of Western Indiai-a. 

Elias Arxolu. Members of the Arnold family ha\'e lieen very 
closely identified with the work of improvement and ad\ancernent 
in iJarkley Township, ll is said that among the best frame houses 
constructed in that town^hlp was that put up by a member of this 
family, and people came from miles around in order to inspect and 
admire this imusual home. This family also took the lead in putting 
dov.n tile draining, and this spirit of progressiveness has been one of 
the characteristics of the residence of Elias Arnold in the township. 

Born June 23, 1864, in Wabash County, Indiana, Elias Arnold 
is a sdn of Andrew and I^ydia (Flora) Arnold, who were married in 
October, 1843, and became the parents of eleven children. The 
names of these children were: Noah E., deceased; Henry; Barbara, 
deccrised; Andrew H., deceased; John; Susie; Charles; Christian 
E., deceased; Elias; Lora B. ; and Aaron, deceased. The father 
of these children was a very ardent republican, and a man who stood 
very high in the esteem of all who knew him. The family moved 
to Jasjier County, and for fully half a century the name has been 
one of recognized standing in that community. 

On Eebruary 13, 1S90, in Jasper County, Elias Arnold married 
Susie Y. Lesh. Her parents were J. J\I. and Catherine (Petry) Lesh, 
who were married March 12, 1868, and came to Jasper County in 
February, i8Sy, from Preble County, Ohio. Mrs. Arnold was one 
of four children: John, Susie V., George S., and Daniel E., all of 
whom are still living. 

Into the home of Mr. and Mrs. Elias Arnold were born six 
children: Harry J., Catherine E., Sylvanus A., Marie, Bethel E., 
and David Elias, all of whom are li>'ing, while Harry, I\Iarie, and 
Catherine are now married. 

Barkley Township has had no more effective advocate of good 
roads and good schools than Elias Arnold. He was aljle to accom- 
plish a great deal of jjractical work along those lines of inipro\-ement 
during his four years of service as township trustee. Since leaving 
the ofiice of trustee lie has been a member of the ad\is(jry board. 
In }iolitics he is a republican and his family ha\-e long been identi- 
fied with the German Baptist Church. 


Grant D.wisscn. An excellent illustration of what perse- 
verance, constancy, sobriety, industry and self reliance, when com- 
bined with a hif;h sense of moral resjionsibility, will accomplish, is 
found in the career of this worthy citizen of Barkley Township, who 
has steadfastly adhered to his occupation of farming in this com- 
munity. In this ciuality of perseverance, fixedness of purpose, the 
undeviatinsj pursuit of a plan of action, is contained the secrets of 
success in multitudes of cases, and to this, in conjunction with the 
other slei'ling traits already mentioned, is attributable the creditable 
and prosperous career of Grant ];)avissou. 

Mr. Davisson was born May i8, 1865, in Carroll County, Indi- 
ana, and is a son of Eewis and Plepsibah (Haynes) Davisson. His 
father was born in Johnson County, Indiana,' on the banks of Sugar 
Creek, and in 1849 moved to Jasper County, where he followed the 
vocation of farming for some years. Later, however, he returned 
to tlie trade o: his youth, that of millwright, and after spending some 
years in Carroll Count}' came back to Jasper County and conducted 
the sawmill and corn cracker. This was the only mill of the time 
in Barkley Tow;isbi|) and at grinding time the farmers for miles 
around vv'ould bring their grain, the grinding of which into meal 
generally cop.sunvd two days and often longer. Lewis Davisson 
was an industrious farmer and good business man, and his sterling 
integrity of character made him one of his community's foremost 
citizens. A stanch democrat in politics, he was an enthusiastic 
worker in his parly's ranks and was elected townsliij^ trustee of 
Barkley townsliiji. a capacity in which he served capably for two 
years, rlis religiou.s faith was that of the Methodist Church, in the 
faith of whirh both he and the mother died. They were the parents 
of nine children, namely: Elijah, llannah, George, Mary E., Amos, 
Grant, Harvey, Josiah and Martha, tlic last named being deceased. 

The early education of Grant Davisson was secured in the dis- 
trict schools of Jasper County, but when he was ten years of age he 
was brought to Jasper County, and here completed his schooling in 
Barkley Township. He grew up to agricultural operations, and 
has been identified therewith all of his life, now having a handsome 
and valuable property in the vicinity of Parr. He was married in 
this township, December .?2, 18S7, to Miss Virginia C Remley, 
daughter of Samuel and Hannah (Lain) Remley. Mr. Remley was 
born August 27, 1831, and died August 25, 1903, when lacking two 
days of being seventy-two years old, while Mrs. Remley was born 
March 20, 1831, and died August 13, 1888, aged fifty-seven years, 
four months, twent)'-three days. They came from Bartholomew 
County, Indiana, to Jasper County in 1865, settling in Barkley 
Township, ^'.hcre ^\\r. Remley followed the pursuits of farming and 
stockraising and through a life of industry and perseverance was 
able to accumulate a valuable tract of land. He was a depiocrat 
in politics, although not an office holder, and he and Mrs. Remley 
were members of tlie United Brethren Church. 

,'•■'■' -"^ 


Mr and .Mrs. Davisson are (he parents of one danghter, Frances 
J' ay wlio married Rudolph Ritler, a farmer of Barkley Township 
Mr. Dav.sson is a democrat in political matters and has been somc- 
waat acuve in political affairs. He has serxcd his township two 
lerms^m llic ofl.ce of township trustee and in the discharge of his 
ofhaai duties has shown l-,is interest in the welfare of his t<nvnship 
With airs, Davisson he lielongs to the Methodist Church. 

Is.SAc D. Walker and the farming property upon which he 
niakes his home in Barkley ToNvnship, Jasper County, have developed 
ogether, and the evolution of the former from a simple voun<. 
husbandman m modest circumstances into an intelligent and 'wide- 
awake exponent of twentieth century agriculture, has been not more 
pronounced tlian has the transformation which has come ever this 
valuable tract of fertile land. Mr. Walker has resided here since 
io65,_when the country was still sparsely settled, there being at 
that tune but one house between his home and what is now the com- 
munity of Wheatheld, and his intelligent and well-directed labors 
have aided- materially in bringing about the great transformation 
that has marked the development of one of Jasper County's most 
productne townships. 

Mr. Walker was born January i, 3830. in Johnson County Indi- 
ana, ana is a son of Samuel and Emnieline (Wilson) Walker J-Iis 
father was born in Bourbon County, Kentucky, where he spent his 
early life, subsequently moving in young manhood to Tohnson 
County, Indiana, where he became a pioneer and where the rest of 
_ his hfe was passed in farming. He was a steady, industrious man, 
but did not live long enough to accumulate a property of any pro- 
portions, as his death occurred in August. 1841. His widow was 
left with three small children: Nancy Ann. Isaac D. and Alahala 
of whom only Isaac D. survives. 

Isaac D. Walker was an infant of two vears when his father 
died, and as a lad he was compelled to work hard to assist m the 
support of his mother and sisters. However, he secured a fairly 
good education in the public schools of Johnson County where the 
fanmy resided until 1S52, in which year the mother sold the farm 
and married Walker W. Pritchard. In that same year the family 
came to Jasper County and settled on the old McCallock farm and 
the children NNcre sent to the old Smith schoolhouse for three win- 
ters, tms being one of the primitive schools of the day, built of 
ogs, with split logs for -benches and the same material used for 
the shelf that ran around the wall and served as a desk Thus 
equipped, Isaac D. Walker embarked in farming on his own 'account 
in 181.5, on the old Joseph S. Stockton place, in Barkley Township 
where he has continued to make his home ever since. He was not 
possessed of much capital when he began his operations, but he had 
received a good training, was industrious and energetic and was 
possessed of ambitions and determination, and when ihe first few 

^■■■■i -::;.-l i-1m^ 


years IkkI pafscd ht; was well on the road to svicccss. As the years 
have jKiSRed he lias added froni time iu time to his aereag'e, has kept 
his land fertile through niodcni mcUiods, and lias added to his 
buildings and equipment as liis finanecs have ])ermilted, so that today 
he is the owner of a handsome and valuable properly, all gained 
througli the medium of his own efforts. 

Shortly after engaging in farming for himself, January 26, 1866, 
;\Ir. Wallcer was uniled in marriage with Miss Mary A. Smith, 
daughter of John A. and Nancy A. (Kenton) Smith, and to this 
union there have been burn nine children, namely : Edward,. Inez O., 
Charles, Mahala, Maude, Belle, Evaline, Grace and Victor A., of 
v>-hom Evaline is deceased. All the survivors are married. ]\Ir. 
^^'alker is a republican in his political allegiance and has been a 
factor in. the success of his party in his locality. EJe has served 
capably for six terms as township supervisor, and has been a stanch 
supporter of all public enterprises calculated to be of benefit to the 
communiiy and its people. ' ' > ; ., 

AIks. I\Iarg.\ret J. Lewis. In a list of the prominent citizens 
of any community today mention is made of women as well as men, 
for whether they are active in the business world or not, the high 
position of women as a factor in civilization is being recognized 
as it has never been before. Therefore in any account of those who 
have played a part in the history of Jasper County, Mrs. Margaret 
J. Lewis should ha^■e a place. Mrs. Lewis has lived in this county 
for more than half a ccntin-y, was one of the patient and kindly and 
capable teachers of some of its pioneer schools, and is now passing 
her declining years in Barldey To^vnship, with the comfort and 
companionship of children and granclchildrei-!. She is able to survey 
nearly all the years and tlie scenes which have transpired in the 
course of Jasper County's development from primitive conditions. 

She was born July 27, 1842, in Decatur County, Indiana, a daugh- 
ter of W. A. and Margaret (Mathewson) McKinney. Her parents 
had se\en. children, whose names were James. Mary E., Thomas, 
Lou Anna, Margaret J., ^Matilda E. and Ella. It was in the spring 
of 1862 that Mrs. Lewis and sisters, Mary and Lou, moved to 
Jasper County and located in Barkley Township. They acquired a 
quarter section of Government land, and while the father was indus- 
triously engaged in its development and in spreading the raw acres 
into productive fields, his children completed their education in 
the schools at Rensselaer. 

In 1868 Miss Margaret J. McKinney began teaching school in 
the first frame schoolhouse in Bail<lcy Township, known as the old 
Sandridge School. This building lock the place of the log cabin 
which for a number of years had stood on the site and had served 
as a temple of learning for hundreds of scholars before that time, 
In the new building the children sat on benches which were arranged 
around all four sides of the room, while in the center was the 

>1. vxl 

; i f,r / V/ k") 131 


Ihere^;;'' r'"'" "'" ''''V ^'"^ ^^*'""^>' ™"^*"^^' ^^ ^'^e teacher 
at tne o!d Bu.snwood School. This school was held n an old he. 
ah,„ typical of the early school buildings of Indiana I 1 - d' S 
lo." benches and a broad hewed log or slab extended roJnd 

one year ^^'-I^nniey ren.nned a teacher at that school for 

Then on September 7 tSvi shp m-,,-,-;.! t t^ t • 

B»r^>. To„™4 To ,?., .■;„* x:;:„::r:,.^„- r;,;;; 

iiow actively engaged in farniiiio- 

c!cin^;iir r'^"„ ''"^' ^^"''"' ^°""'^ ^^'"''- '-- '^-^ -- 

shT !f • , " '''S>-=^"il"'-'''l activities and the good citizen- 

,^h> of ine county than that of Osborne, represented bv Jol 
O oorne, whose valuable and productive farmstead is in^ Ha i,; 
A..ove Township, located two miles due norlh of the village o f 't > 
M O.borne came to this county when a bov. and more , ban half 

^f w":^.;;^,;i;;:r ^"^^^ ''- --^^ -^^^ -^^'^'^^ - >=- --- 

f i^'/J"l''"" '™' ^-"""'^ '^- O-^l'onic, a son of Joseph and Wini 

o :8 i^n"'^ °'r^- ^^^"'"^' ^- ^^■^'-- -- b:rn I ; 

8l to " . ^^^"^^I^^'S'^ County, Ohio, and was married February lo 
1843, to Ohve Patton, who was also born in Ohio a dau-hter of 
Franas and Ehzabeth Patton. Fron. Clarke County, Oh'^^.^ 


TT ■ „ 1-ii.vLu 3aars. In jbo? he removed in 

Hangmg Grove Township, in Jasper County, and tha wl h s 
home untd h,s death on March 9, ^Sy^. He is bm-ied i„ Oslo 

^ZS'eZf- °" '/"■' °' '-'' °'' ^^^'" ■" ^^-^'-^^ ^---e Town- 
be ■ W , "'^' ''' ''^'^ P''^'-'^"^^ °^ ^''---" ^hil^l--^-- Eliza- 
beth W who marned Hamline Carpenter, and both are not 
deceased; Myrl.e Z.. the widow of Ezra L. Clark, and IE n. i^ 

V fe o Ernest Mason, hvmg m Grand Ra,.ids, Michigan; Amanda 
^^. who n^arned John F. ^Varren and lives i„ OlJahr na C ty • 
Ela I. the w_,fe of A XV. Cole, and Iheir home is in Lafaye^' 

Spngg, hvmg m Oklahoma City; and IlatCe, deceased wife of 

- .il 1; iiitr 


•irno > 

(,n;- -" 



) ;i,iii,ii nl 


Isaac Onstott. Tlic hie Lemuel A. Osborne is still well rcinenihered 
by the older citizens of Ilanging- Gro\'e Township. At the time of 
his death he owned i6o acres of lan.d, and had been quite successful 
as a farmer and in general business affairs. Ho was a member of 
the iletiiodist Church, a re]iublican in politics, was townshij) trustee 
and held some other local offices. He had a great circle of friends, 
was hospitable and made his home a center for the good society of 
that community, and he had many j)ersonal traits which endeared 
him to all who knew him. At the same lime he was strong in his 
con\'ictions. and anyone knew^ what he xvuuld do under given cir- 

John L. Osborne, who is now the princijial representative of 
the family in Jasper County, was bom November 8, 1S50, in Fulton 
County, Indiana, on his father's place just a mile south of Rochester. 
He was about thirteen years of age when his father moved to Jasper 
County, locating in section 35 of Hanging Grove Township, and 
Mr. Osborne has made his home now for more than half a century 
either in Marion or Hanging Grove townships. He gained his educa- 
tion in the local schools of this county and his native county, and has 
been well prospered as a farmer since taking up that vocation. 

On November 17, 1875, he married Miss Mary F. Mellender, 
daughter of George F. and 'Martha (Hoback) Mellender, who were 
born in Johnson County, Indiana, of German descent, b'ive children 
have been born into the Osborne household : Omer 1^., who is a single 
young man living in Schenectady, New York; Linnie ['.. wife of 
Hay Eishliiig of Marion Township; Estel F., \\ho married Vera. 
Lefler and lives in Hanging Grove Town.ship ; Olive, who married 
George Gulp and lives in Marion Townshij); and John, Jr., still at 

Like his father before him John L. Osborne has ahvays voted the 
republican ticket and his name is quite familiarly associated with 
township affairs. He served one term on the township advisory 
board, was for five years township assessor, and was township 
supervisor four years. He and his wife are members of the Metho- 
dist Church at Lee, and he is affiliated with the Knights of Pythias 
Lodge at Rensselaer. His farm comprises eighty acres, and while 
his time has been devoted to its impro\'ement and operation, he 
has always shown himself a public spirited worker for improve- 
ments that would Ijenefit the entire community. 

WILLI.^^^ R. Willit.s. Among those iiiral homes which carry 
with them evidences of enterprise and prosperity one that is easily 
conspicuous in the community of Hanging Grove Township is owned 
by William R. Willits, located a mile southeast of McCoysburg. This 
fine tract of 400 acres has been made to respond to the intelligent 
and capable efforts of its proprietor, -.iml in consequence William Iv. 
Willits has for years occupied a sulistantial position in the agricul- 
tural and community life of Jasper County. 


Of the sUirdy Yankee stock of New York State, Wiliiam R. 
Willits is a son of Isaac and Eliza (\'an Camp) Willits, both of 
whor.i wore born in New York Stale. His parents lived in Iowa 
for several years, and at Adt-1 in that state William R. Willits was 
born. September 26, 1S55. In 1859, when he was four years of age, 
the family removed to Tippecanoe Township in Tippecanoe County, 
Indiana. Isaac Willits, the father, enlisted at Lafayette in a regi- 
ment of Indiana infantry during die Ci^•il war. and was promoted 
from jjrivale through dift'erent grades up to first lieutenant. He 
ser\-ed during the entire period of the war, and received wounds 
at Shiloh and at Gettysburg, and came out with an honorable record 
of which his descendants should always be proud. After the war 
he went west to Colorado and engaged in jilacer mining until his 
death. He is buried at Boulder, Colorado. 

Alter the death of the father, the widowed mother and her 
family of four children moved to Hanging Grove Township. Will- 
iam R. was at that time twelve years of age. The other three children 
are: Charles O. who lives in Bakersfield, California; Joseph, whose 
home is at jMitchell, South Dakota; and Eliza, wife of William Hun- 
ter and living in San Diego. California. 

Since the family settled near McCoysburg in 1868 Av'illiam R. 
Willits has been continuously a resident of that locality. He obtained 
most of his education in the common schools there but from an 
early age has been intimately acquainted with hard work as a means 
of advancement and prosperity. Farming and stock raising have 
been the railing from which he has obtained the ]jrinci])al success, 
though he also worked as a carpenter for a number of years. 

On October 9. 1885, he married Ida M. Eldridge. a daughter 
of Henry and Jane (Brasket ) l''.ldrid,i;e, who were' both natives of 
Ohio. Mr. and Mrs. Willits have one son, Russell AA'., who married 
Lena Ringeisen, and after living for a short time west of Rensselaer 
is now located on rural route No. 3 out of that city. Air. Willits 
has been democratic committeeman in Hanging Gro\'e Township for 
a number of years, and has permitted his name to go on the local 
ticket as candidate for different local oilices, though never with 
expectation of election, since the rcjniblicans have an overwhelming 
majority in that township. Fraternally he is affiliated with Iroquois 
Lodge No. 143, Independent Order of Odd Fellows at Rensselaer. 
Mrs. Willits is a member of the Methodist Church. 

HiCNRY BuTi.EK. There has been no name more consistently and 
continuously identified with the growing development and welfare 
of the Town of Goodland than that of Henry Butler. Mr. Butler 
is now retired, so far as ncti\-e business pursuits are concerned, 
though his interest never wanes in anything that concerns the wel- 
fare of his community. Mr. Butler has a sense of peculiar grati- 
tude and loyalty to Newton County, since when he came here nearly 
half a century ago he possessed neither money nor influence, and 

:U:,,Hi i 



has worked ouv his \ciy pro>])crous career riglit in the town where 
he now li\es. 

He is an Englishman hy hirth and possesses many of the sturdy 
and luippy characteristics of that race. He was horn Deccmhcr 38, 
1832, at Leamington, Warwickshire, England, a son of Henry and 
Fanny Butler, who spent all their lives in England. The little 
schooling which Iknry J'.utler cujo)e(l as a hoy was merely sujjple- 
menlal to his practical work in learning the trade of butcher. He 
- worked at that trade in the City of London and also at Dirming- 
ham, but in 1865 he set out with his little family to And a lionie 
and perchance a fortune in the New World. His first location was 
at Behidere, Illinois, where IjC conducted a shop for one 
year. Going to Chicago he was in the employ of a jmcking firm there, 
and also conducted an individual market. 

It was in iS6g tliat iilr. Butler first l.iecamc knn-.Mi to the com- 
munity in and about the Tow n of Goodknid. Goodland was nothing 
to sjieak of in the wa)' of a village cli that tune, and Air. Butler's 
enterprise has been one of the factors in making it wliat it is today. 
As llure was little opportunity fur business in llu- community along 
the lines whi'jh he had previously followed, ho s]i'.;i;t (liiec years as 
a farmer, and then, the town ha\"ing grown somewhat, he estab- 
lished a meat market. It was this l)usi,icss which kept him em- 
ployed up to 1<;04. at wliich lime he sold out and has since devoted 
his leis\u-e tf) supcriniendence of his real estate accumulations. h"or 
a period of over tliiny years I\Ir. liutler was also lhe principal live 
stock man at Goodland, and bought and sold cattle and hogs on a 
large scale. At the present time Mr. Butler has among his accumu- 
lations more than 450 acre-^ of land. All this represents the self- 
denial on the part of himself and wife, the hard work" and intelligent 
management wdiich characterized the earl)' years of their residence 
in Newton County. 

In England in 1857 Mr. Butler married .Sarah .V. Roulston, a 
daughter of \\'illiam and Elizabeth Roulston, who spent all their 
lives in their r.ati\e country. Viva children were born of their 
marriage: Henry, now deceased, married ]\Iay Jiarrington, who 
lives in Noble County, Indiana, and of tlieir three children the only 
one now living is Harry. ^Vest Arthur, the second son, lives in 
Noble County, Indiana, and by his marriage to Kale Schult/, has 
four children named Wesley, Esther, Freda and Earl. The third 
son, Alfred, is deceased as is also the only daughter, Fannie. Thomas, 
whose home is in Whiteley County, Indiana, married Naomi Gerrich, 
and they have two children, Russell and Neva. 

Ever since he liecame an American citizen '\h\ r>ullcr has been 
a consistent rcj;ublican iri voting and in jjrinciple. Howexer he has 
sought no office, though he was ke|)t on the town board of Good- 
land for three years. He and his wife are members of the I'rcsby- 
terian Church, and for five or six years he has served as a deacon. 
Church affairs ha\e had much of Mr. Piutler's lime and attention, 

jii ' 

•"..■1 ■■■ ,, ■ .. ") 1,,;,| 



1 iHu; ./h 


and hv was one of the Imiiding- conimittce of 'Ihe present church of 

n-> dcnoninuihun at C.oodland. It is doubtful if any in>portaut puh- 

'c nnprme.uent has been undertaken which has not had his prac- 

^ca and earnest support in the years gou, by. It was he and ]ohn 

w! ' ■ "'^" ^'^■'^,^'-- ■""^;'' "^^dit for up the petition for electric 

ights ,n Goodland. He has also been connected with several local 

oan,ons and was one of the organizers and a director of 

the ]\ewton County Loan & Savings Association. He is a charter 

meniber of Goodland Lodge of the Knights of Pythias, has served 

.'.as past chancellor, and has recently received a pleasing token of 

esteem from his fellow members in that lodge. 

SiiEKMAN Hkss. The Hess family is one of the oldest and n,ost 
prom„,ent m Newton Coun.y, and not one of the nan.c has ever 
allowed a blot to rest upon the family record 

_ One of its members w-as the late Sherman Hess, He stood for 
nght and justice at all times. He was a farmer, and hi. cinncter 
and activities gamed him the high esteem of the of ibis county 
He was born in Ross County, Ohio, August 19. ,849, tlir third in' 
a fannly of five children, four sons and one dau< 
were David and Elizabeth (Lyons) Hess. Oth( 

w hose 

record of the Hess family in other lines, 



When he was a child of three years, Sherman s parenfs mov. 

to la.sper County, Indiana, in 1852. lie grew up there on"a f: 
attended the common schools, and part of the instruction h^ 

at home was a firm insistence upon the value of honesty and integrity 

o M,.s Esthei J. Dam. I h.-y ^vcre married in .Montgomery County, 
lndiana._ lo their marriage was born one son, Louis Dain who 
IS now m the second grade of the public schools and shows much 

manhood" '" ''"''^°"' ^'"'""''' '"'' ''™"''''' ^'™^""^ "P ^° "-^^^"^ 
Mrs. Hess is a native of Montgomery County, Indiana, where 
she was born January 10, 1869, the fourtli in a family of seven 
children, three sons and four daughters. Her parents were Marion 
and Cynthia (Cooper) Dain. All the children are still livinrr except 
her sister Alary, who died at the age of thirty-seven, and Ml reside 
m Indiana except Neria, who is the wife of J. W. Gherc a resident 
of Appleton City, Missouri. 

- Marion Dain, her father, ^^-as born in Ross County, Ohio was 
educated in the common schools, grew to young manhood in his 
native state, and becaiue a cari,cnter and joiner by trade. I^-om 
Ohio he came to Montgomery County, Indiana. Politically he was 
a republican. During the Civil war he made a record as'a I.mion 
solcier, with dre t nh Indiana A'olunteer Jnfanrry, being in the 
Army of the lennessee under General Thomas. After some service 
he was discharged on account of illness caused by the hardships and 


duties of military life. He was an active member of the Metliodiht 
Ciiurcli. His wife was born in Indiana, and she now lives at the 
age of seventy-three with her daughter ]\Irs. Hess. She is a devout 
member of the Metliodist Clnuvh. 

As a young girl Mrs. Hess attended the common schools of Mont- 
gomery County, and she also took- a course in the normal school 
at Crawfordsville. For two terms she was a successful teacher in 
her home county. Mrs. Hess is an active member of the United 
I'rethren Church, at iirook. She resides in a comfortable and 
attracli\e residence in that town. 

Sherman Hess spent his aeti^•e career as a farmer. Ele and his 
brother Edward fell heir to the old homestead, and these two men 
together accjuired large landcfl estates in Newton County. Sherman 
Hess was a republican, but never held any office, and was a mem- 
ber of the United Brethren Church. His death occurred March 26, 
J910, and his remains were laid to rest in the Brook Cemetery. The 
character he formed, the actixilies that engaged him, and his record 
in all the varied circumstances and relations of life, desc;-\'e some 
brief memorial to his worthy name. 

Edwakd W. Si:ll. For more than forty years Mr. Sell has been 
one of the factors in agricnlliiral dexclopriicnt in Newton County. 
He has been a liard worker, a good manager, and has made his 
example an inllneiice fm- modern imjirovement in his locality. 

A Penn.sylvanian, lie was liorn in York County of that state in 
1856, a* son of Daniel \V. and Susanna (Shellcnbargcr) Sell. His 
father was born near tlie historic City of Gettysburg, in Adams 
County, Pennsylvania, in 1828, while the mother was born at York, 
in York County, in 1836. Daniel Sell spent his active career as a 
farmer and in 1876 moved to Newton County, -where he lived until 
his death in 1900. 

Edward W. Sell grew up in his native county in Pennsylvania, 
gained a practical education, and when about eighteen years of age, 
in 1874, he came to Kentland, Indiana, and for two years work'cd for 
his uncle John Sell. When his father came to the county in. 3876 
he returned home and remained two years and then spent two years 
in farming for himself. 

On January 6, i88r, Mr. Sell married Eu])hemia Myers, a daugh- 
ter of John F. M)'ers, of Newton County. Mrs. Sell was born and 
reared on a farm north of Kentland. To their union ha\e been 
born four children: Alice, who in 1905 married George ^Merchant; 
Ida, who married, February 24, 1915, Charles Kindig and has one 
child named Ralph luhvard ; Waller Lee, who is Iwenly-four years 
of age and unmarried; and Earl L., v.iio was born February 13, 

Ever since coming to Indiana ^fr. Sell has lieen engaged in grain 
farming, and has been unusually successful. He has owned a large 
amount of Newton County land, and still has a line place of 4G8 

I .1 ,:K.i Knn ,:,<t.nnr:t 


acres. He mid his fainilv are nieinbers of the United Brethren 

Aeram Dewees is-oue of the few native sons of Newton Coinity 
who were born here more than Iialf a century ago. Tims his 
peoi^le were among the pioneers and he has made his own hfe 
count for good in his community, has always favored pubHc 
improvement, and is rated as a very prosperous and substantial 

He was l.-orn in Grant Townshij) of Xcwlon Counly Ivfarch 0, 
1S64, a son of Jesse and Margaret (Fisher) Dewees, liis father a 
natiN-e of Pennsylvania and his mother of Ohio. Jesse Dewees 
moved from Pennsylvania to Ohio, and came to Indiana during 
the decade of the '50s. The mother's family settled on Pine Creek, 
in Benton Count}-, Indiana, when she was eighteen years of a"-e.' 
Jesse Dewees and wife were married in i860 and he followed farming 
acti\ely until liis declining years, when lie made his home with liis 

Abram De^\•ees grew up in Newton County, attended the local 
schools, and made an early start in life for himself. He was mar- 
ried at the age of niiieieen, and for more than thirty years has 
industriously pursued hib \ocation as a farmer. 

On February S, 1SS3, he married Ida I\lay AlcClinlock, a daui^hler 
of James and Margaret (Evert) AlcClintock. Her father was a 
nali\'e of Ireland, spent a number of years as a minister of the 
Meihodist Church but later took up fanning in Newton County. 
He was born .March 2, 1832, and died Feln-uary 4, 1905, while Mrs. 
Dewees' motlier was born October 25, 1832, and died August 12, 

i\Ir. and Mrs. Dewees Iia\e two children: John F., born Inly 
17, 1884, attended the country schools and the JSrook High Scliooi, 
and is a prosperous young farmer; on December 24, i8y7. he mar- 
ried Flora Richer, daughter of James and Eliza Richer, and of this 
union there are two children, Fay, born in Apri!, 1910, and Harold, 
bor.i in April, 1912. Clara Effa, the only daughter of iNlr. and 
Mrs. Dewees was liorn September 28^ 18S8. recei\ed her education 
in the country schools of Newton County and married Charles S 

Mr. Dewees is a member of the Knights of Pythias Lodge at 
Brook, and he and his family worship in the Methodist Church.'^ He 
filled out an unexpired term as supervisor and has always supported 
schools and other improvements in his community. 

TiiEor.OR'-; E. Coi likr, M. D. In point of years of continuous 
service Doctor Collier is one of the oldest members of the medical 
professifin in Jasper or Newion counties. For over twenty years he 
has had his home at Brook, and has looked after the needs of his 
patients in and around that village with a skill and fidelity' which 

J.\,Sl'I•:l^i AND XEWTOX COrNTJES 693 

ha\e Ijiought liini a liiif reputation as a physician and a liigli standinjj 
as a citizen. ]_)octMr Collier beg'an practice in this section of 
Indiana Ijeforc nian\- of the improvements had been introduced which 
now mal-ce tlie practice of medicine comparatively easy. 

It is noteworthy that he was one of the men, including Doctor 
Crook, Doctor L.ovett and the Hartleys of the Hartley Grain Com- 
pany, who in.-^lallcd the first telephone Hue in Newton County, 
running from Goodland to Wadena. That was in the spring of 
1894, and that little telephone line was the nucleus of the present 
telephone system covering practically all of Newton County. 

Theodore Collier was born in Greene County, Ohio, December 
II, 1862, a son of Albert and Susan (DeHaven) Collier, both of 
whom were natives of Ohio. In the paternal line Doctor Collier 
is of .Scotch-Irish and French, but both the DeHavens and the 
Colliers liave been Americans since colonial times. In 1870 Albert 
Collier moved his family to Howard County, Indiana, locating east 
of Kokomo, uv'ar (ircentown, and then in 1S75 they all moved to 
Starke County, Indiana, locating three miles south of Knox, where 
the father follow'ed farming. 

Doctor Collier grew up on farms in Western Ohio, in Howard 
County, and Starke County, Indiana, and largely m;idc his own 
op])ortunities for entering the medical profession. He attended 
country schools, and spent five winters in teaching in Starke County. 
He took one year of jireparatory work at Valparaiso University, 
then another year in the Kentucky .School of I\Tedicine at T.ouis- 
ville, ;fnd in 1893 graduated with the degree of M. D. from the 
INIedical College of Indiana, at IndianapoHs, now the regular medical 
department of the Indiana State University. Doctor Collier has 
ahvays been a leader in his profession, and has taken some post- 
graduate work in the Chicago Eye and Ear Hospital at Chicago. 

Immediately after getting his degree he began practice in Good- 
land in partnership with Dr. J. A. Lovett, but in May, 1894, estab- 
lished his office and home at Broolc, wdiere he has since ministered 
to the needs of his clients. Doctor Collier was for one year secre- 
tary of the old Newton County Medical Society, is a member of 
the Jasper and Newton County Medical Society, and belongs to 
the Indiana State Medical Association. 

Fraternally he is affiliated with the Masonic Lodge at Brook and 
belongs to the Methodist Episcopal Church, and politically is a 
republican and progressive. On October 4, 1894, he married Miss 
Minnie Shilling, a daughter of William F. and Lavina (Gesaman) 
Shilling, who were of Pennsylvania German descent, lived for a 
time in Stark County, Ohio, and in 1852 cstablislied a home in Starke 
County, Indiana. Doctor atid Mrs. Collier have three children ; 
Orpha, Ivlary A. and Albert W., all of whom are still at home. 

Andrew The people of Newton County still pay tribute 
to the mcmor}- of Andrew Hess. He was one of the vigorous 


upstanding figures in the life of that county for nearly forty years, 
and the many influences he set in motion and the vitality of his own 
character have since hccn conlinucd in the careers of his own chil- 
dren, and his descendants are still numerously represented, jjarlicu- 
larly in the community of Brook. 

He was of substantial Dutch stock, and was born in Greenbrier 
County, \''irginia, now West X'irginia, November 4, 1S20. When 
he was four years of age his parents took him to Ross County, Ohio, 
and he was soon afterwards left an orphan. Industry and self- 
reliance ^v•ere forced upon him in early ) outh, and he grew up strong 
and independent, characteristics that he exemplified all the rest of 
his life. In Ross County he married Sarah lloliuan, who was also 
of Pennsylvania Dutch stock. 

In October, 1855, Andrew Hess brought his family to what is 
now Irocjuois Township in Newton County, and as a farmer he 
lived there until his death on November 7, 1893. His bod)' was 
laid to rest in the Brook Cemetery. 

Andrew Hess possessed a strong mind, was a factor in the moral 
life of his community, and whatever he did he did well and his 
relations with his fellow men were always characterized by honor 
and fidelity. He was a republican in politics, and from 1S67 to 1S73 
served as county commissioner. He was a member of the Indejjend- 
ent Order of Odd Fellows at Brook. 

The seven children of -Andrew Hess and wife were: Eliza Jane, 
wife of John Merchant, and they live in North Cai^olina ; 'Sliiry C. 
fs the wife of John B. Lyons, a well Imown banker and stockman 
at Brook; Jeptha \'. lives near Humboldt, Kansas, and married 
Rhoda Conn; John is now deceased; Daxid is mentioned lielow; 
Austin A. is unmarried and lives at Brook ; Elma E. is a druggist 
at Brook and married Ida I'oersman. 

Da\'id Hess. For more tlian forty years Da\^id Hess has l:>een a 
factor in commercial life in Newton County, and is proprietor of 
one of the principal merchandise stores of Biook. 

He was born September 11, 1852, in Ross County, Ohio, on a 
farm northeast of Chillicotlie, and was three years of age wlien his 
parents moved to Newton County. He grew up on his father's farm 
in Iroquois Township, acquired a practical education suitable to his 
needs, and early turned to mercantile life. 

On January i, 1S80, he married Martha Jane ]\lcWilliams, a 
daughter of Robert and Mary Jane (Jacoby) McWilliams, of Ida- 
ville, Indiana. Robert McWilliams was one of the early settlers of 
that community and was of Scotch Presbyterian stock. jMr. and 
Mrs. Hess have four childrt!!i. Etta G., the oldest, lives at home 
with her parents; Roy E. is a resident of Brook and is married to 
Gertrude \Miite and has two children, Ellsworth and Rosalind B. ; 
Blanche V. is the wife of E. A. Gast of Warsaw, Indiana, and they 

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have a child, Uavicl A.; the son Waller G. lives at home and assists 
his father in business. 

In 1S73, at the age of twenty-one, David IIcss became clerk in 
the store of A. J. Kent, at Brook. Afterward he clerked in other 
jjlaccs until iS/cj, and then went into business for himself, a hue 
which he has follo\\ed continuously for more than thirty-five years. 
Besides the management of his large store in Brook, he is also 
a stockholder in the Brook Terra Cotta Tile & Brick Company. 

For many years David Hess has been a strong republican par- 
tisan and has taken considerable interest in politics. For several 
years he filled the office of county commissioner. He is a member 
of the Alasonic Lodge and the Knights of Pythias of Brook", and 
his wife belongs to the iMethodist Church of that village. Mr. Fless 
is liberal in his religious views and always contriliutes his share to 
all charities. Afrs. Hess is also a member of the Order of Eastern 
Star and the Pythian Sisters at Brook, 

John B. Forksman, Jr. This venerable man, now in his eighty- 
fourth year, who with firm step and unclouded mind still walks the 
streets of his home Village of Brook, and during a long and useful 
life in this section of Indiana witnessed abnost its entire development 
and has borne a share in the course of its progress. His life has 
been replete with ex]3ericnce and achievement, and the jiersistcnt 
honor i)<iifl to a character of rigid honesty and in.lcgrity. 

For' more than forty years he has been a resident of Newton 
County, tie was born in Pickaway County, Ohio, .September 28, 
1832, a son of Robert and .Sarah (Baer) Foresman. Flis father 
was a native of T'enns^dvania and of Irish descent and the mother 
was a native of Ohio. The latter died in Tippecanoe County. Indi- 
ana, while Robert Foresman died in Kansas and is buried at Mound 
Valley in Labette County. The mother was laid to rest at Dayton 
in Tippecanoe County. 

In November, 1S33, ^^i^ Foresman family arrived in Tippecanoe 
County, first locating in Lafayette, init in the following year mov- 
ing to Wild Cat Prairie. John B. P'orcsman grew to manhood in 
Tippecanoe County and he attended some of the most primiti\e of 
the pioneer schools in that section of the state. The first notable 
event and achievements of his career was in 1840, when he was 
eight years of age. He had been given a pig by his father, and raised 
it carefully, and he exhibited the grown animal at the first agri- 
cultural .show ever held in Tippecanoe County. The hog was 
awarded first prize and Mr. Foresman still cherishes the cup which 
was given as a symbol of the award. 

On April 5, 1915, "Mr. and Mrs. J'"oiesman celebrated llie sixtieth 
anniversary of their wedding. At tliat time they were one of the 
oldest married couples living in the stale, and hundreds of friends 
and well wishers are ready to congratulate them upon their sixty- 
first wedding anniversary. Mr. Foresman was married at Attica, 

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Iinliana. lo ^lint-rva C. Da\is. 'J'he Davis family came from Vct- 
moiit. To llieir union were born twelve children. William D., who 
lives in Oklalioina, marrieil I'Clla iioyal, and Iheir two sons are Ray 
ani! Ivan. The second son, Frederick R., is now deceased. Sallie, 
Ihe oldest; dau.e^hter, died in childhood. Alice lives at home with 
her paronl.s. Ida is the wife of E. E. Hess of Brook. Alary is Mrs. 
John (jwaUnry .nnd lives in Caliloniia. Matilda is Airs. Clarence 
Sunderland. Jeanclte is the wife of John O. Sunderland. Fannie 
M. and Jessie hotii died young. John B. Fore.sman, Jr., has for years 
been in acti\c business at Foresman, and by his marrinjje to May 
Eowe has t\vo daughters named Leona and Grace. Frank, who lives 
in Oklahonn. married Mabel V\'olden, and their .=;on is named John 
J!, lil. 

When Air. and Airs. Foresman started housekeeping they loolced 
into the future with courage and were not daunted by their present 
po\-erty. Air. Foresman bought everything on credit which he 
needed to begin housekeeping, and the subsequent accomplishment 
in material accumulations and in the rearing of a fine family of 
children entirely justifies the start he and his loyal wife made so 
many years ago. 

In 1872 Mr. Foresman mn\ed from Tippecanoe County to Iro- 
quois Township in Newton Couniy and has since had his home in 
that township. In 1903 he retired from active business and he and 
his wife have since lived quietly retired in Brook. As a business* 
he followed general fanning and stock raising and at one time he 
had about 700 acres of land, but since has sold or given to his chil- 
dren considerable quantities and has now about 380 acres besides 
some town property. 

In 1880 Air. Foresman established the first tile factory in Xew- 
ton County. The factory was on his farm, and he used most of the 
product at first for tiling his own land. lie was a pioneer in tiling 
and his efforts in that line at first excited considerable ridicule. Dur- 
ing the years 1883 and 1885 he was unable to sell enough tile to 
justify the operation of his plant, and then a few years later his 
plant could not make enough to supply the demand. He continued 
manufacturing tile for some ten or twelve years. 

The little \^illage of Foresman, a station on the Chicago & Eastern 
IlHnois Branch Railroad to La Crosse, was named in his honor, and 
he gave tlie right of way through his land. This road was originally 
built under the name Chicago & Great Southern. 

Air. Foresman is one of the few original republicans still li\-ing. 
He cast his first presidential ballot for John C. Fremont back- in 
1856. His father was a v.-hig. Air. Foresman served as township 
trustee four jxars. from 1876 to 1880, inclusive, and during that 
time he made the first large levy for school purposes, the largest 
ever made in the county up to that time. During his term he 
increased the school year in his township from three to seven 
months, its present standard, erected three new tdioolhonses, and 



reseated eiglit olhers. I\Ir. and Mrs. Foresniaii are active members 
of the Alelliodi:;! Episcopal Church, and he helped toward building 
the church and at one time served as steward. He is a member of 
the Masonic Lodge at Brook, is a past master, and is said to be 
one of the oldest ?.Iasons in Indiana, having taken his first degree in 
the lodge at L);i)-lon more than half a century ago. 

Jq]) ]-:.\ Now li\ing retired in the Village of Brook at 
the patriarchal age of eighty-six Job English has tilled his years 
with useful toil, with sturd\- accomplishment, has surrounded him- 
self willi family and friends, and certainly some memorial of him 
should be kejit in the annals of Jasper and Newton counties. 

His own career for upwards of seventy years lias Ixlh wrought 
citlicr in Jasper or Newton County, and it was luni-e tliaii half a 
century ago that he moved to a new farm in Jackson Township of 
Newton County. 

His birtli occurred on August 15, 1830, in Chanipaign County, 
Ohio, near Urbana. His parents were Abel and ]\Iary (\\"olfe) 
English, the former of English stock and the latter of Pennsyl\-ania 
Dutch. In 18^8 Abel English died in Ohio and in the following 
year liis widow, with her family of children — Margaret, now de- 
ceased ; job; John. 1,. of Jasper County; and Samuel, now deceased 
— canie to Indiana and settled in Jasper County about seven or eight 
miles northeast of Rensselaer in the Fork settlement. There the 
mother provided for her f.-Tiiily on rentc<I lanij, rmd continued to 
live there until her death, wh.'u]^ >K<vrvc<\ aluiUl ! 8!a|. Hqv rciuains 
were laid to rest in .'r^milli Cciiielciy in J:e;].er Coanty. 

Job English was nineteen ■(\hen lie came to Indiana. Elis edu- 
cation was only such as the common schools of his time could afford, 
and his main reliance has been on industry and his native judgment. 
About a year after the family came to Jasper County he and his 
brother John bought eighty acres of land and started out for them- 
selves. It was not an struggle for sojne years, but he Vw'.s 
ambitious, \\orked hard, and in time was able to pro\ide for 
others besides him>elf. 

In Jasper County in 1854 Job English married Rhoda ]\IcCurtain, 
a daughter of John and Esther (McGill) McCurlain. John McCur- 
tain should be remembered as one of the very earliest settlers of 
Jasper County. He also came from Champaign County, Ohio, moved 
to Tippecanoe County, Indiana, in 1836, and in 1839 settled in 
Jasper County. The McCurlains are of Scotch-Irish ancestry. 

Some years after his marriage, in 1862, Joli English and wife 
moved to the Beaver Prairie settlement in. section 29 of fack'son 
Township in Newton County. In that locality he made liis success 
as a farmer, and accumulated the pros]xrity whidi enabled hirn in 
1900 to retire from activity and move to a comfortable residence 
in the \''illage of Brook. When he came to Newton County lob 
English paid $10 an acre, in trade, for eighty acres of land, and 


all around him land sold at that time for $6 or $8 an acre. In recent 
3'ears lie has been offered as high as ^i/$ an acre for his farm. Mr. 
Englisli followed feeding and shijiping stock foi" twenty-five years 
and made a great success, lie shipped to Chicago. 

Three children were born to him and his good wife and have 
grown uj) to establish homes of their own. The oldest, Sarah Ann, 
married Jnhn Kennedy, now deceased, and they had eight children, 
all li\ing but one. Melissa, the second daughter, is the wife of 
James A. Crisler and lives in Spokane, \\'ashington. Herminia is 
the wife of Curtis D. Carpenter, and they live near Plymouth in j\lar- 
shall County, Indiana. 

Job English has been a consistent follower of the republican 
party for a great many years, in fact since it was organized, but in 
local matters he maintains an independent attitude and gives his 
support to the best man. For four years he filled the office of justice 
of the peace in Jackson Township. At the present time Mr. Eng- 
lish owns 6oo acres of land, partly in Jasper and partly in. Newton 
Count)-, and also considerable town ]jroperty. He has always been 
in favor of improvement, and on his own land has laid many rods 
of tiling and his work and example have proved a lasting benefit 
to his community. 

William E. Cokiiix. One of the oldest citizens of Newton 
County is William E. Corbin, now retired and living at Brook. Mr. 
Corbin has been a resident of Nev>tuu County more than fifty years 
and has busied himself with many acti\'ities, chietE as a farmer, 
though he has always assisted in the mercantile enterprise of his 
home village, and was at one time postmaster there. Ills has been an 
honorable career throughout, and his name is one entitled to respect 
and the memory of subsequent generations. 

He was born in Page County, Virginia, Apn] 2, 1836, a son. of 
Travis D. and Nancy (]\Iayes) Corbin. In 1853 the family came to 
Indiana and settled in Jasper County in what is now ^\■ashington 
Township of Newton County, where the father was one of the early 
farmer settlers. Tra\is D. Corbin besides helping to clear up and 
develop a tract of land in this county also rendered service by sev- 
eral terms as a school teacher. He died in Jefi'crson township in 
September, 1S84, and is buried in the Roberts Cemetery. He ^vas 
a democrat, though never a seeker for official honor, was a mem- 
ber of the Masonic Lodge at Alorocco, and belonged to the Metho- 
dist Episcopal Church. P>y trade he was a carpenter. The children 
of Travis D. Corbin and wife were: William E., the oldest; Andrew 
J., who died young; Mary, who died .as the wife of David Sager; 
Jane, deceased wife of Amos Hyberger; George W., who died un- 
married: Jolui W., whose home is in Jcft'erson To\vnship and who 
married Leah Alartin; Hiram \\., who died wliile in Texas. 

William F. Corljin was about seventeen years old when llie 
faniilv came to Nev.-ton Coinilv, and finished his education here ami 

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was well prepnred for the work of a fanner when he reached his 
majority. He continued actively in afjricultural pursuits until he 
retired and moved lo Brook in the fall of 1893. 

In August, 1858, jNlr. Corbin married Nancy F. Myers, who is 
of German descent and a daughter of John and Nancy (Snodgrass) 
Myers, the former a native of Pennsylvania and the latter of Ken- 
tucky. To Jilr. and Mrs. Corbin were born ten children, three of 
whom died young: Nancy J. is the wife of George M. Light and 
lives in Colorado; Martha E. is the wife of P.yrd Liglu and lives in 
P>roojc; Z. F., who Jives at Brook, married Aioilie Sterner ; j Lenry K., 
whose home is near ]\loiu>Tn, married Ella Sell; Belzorah is the 
wife of L. G. Coovcrt and liw in 'J'exas; Eddie Josephine married 
James J. McCabe and Ii\-es three miles west of Brook; David E. 
has his home north of Brook and married Luella Marshall. 

All his life Mr. Corljin has been an active democrat and served 
four years as postmaster of Brook during Cleveland's administration. 
He is a member of the United Brethren Church and was formerly 
an acli\c pariici]3ant in its work. Mr. Corbin owns 200 acres in 
Newton Count}- and has a lialf interest in another farm near Medary- 
ville. He and his son Z. E. for five or si.x years Avere in partnership 
in a geiieral store at Brool<, beginning about 1905. .,,.,..._,,. 

T.\>n;.s SnAEFi'i^u has a commendalile record of activities in 
Newton County. He has spent nearly all his life in the county, 
represents a family nf early settlers, and his own energies have 
gone productively into farming, and various avenues of business life. 
Elis home for a number of years has been in the Village of Brook, 
where he is one of the well kno\\n figures in local citizenship. 

Plis birth occurred June 5, 1852, in Berks County, Pennsylvania. 
His parents John and Gustina (Schlaesman) Shaeffer were of Penn- 
sylvania German stock. In March, i860, the family left Pennsyl- 
vania, came to Newcastle, Indiana, but in December, 1862, moved 
to Iroquois Township in Newton County. Newton County was at 
that time a comparatively undeveloped district and the Shaeffers liad 
their share in making farms out of the wilderness. 

Since that date, James Shaeffer, who was ten years of age when 
the family located in this county has had his home almost contin- 
uously within five miles of the first settlement. His father died in 
Iroquois Township October 20, 1891, and is buried in the Watson 
Cemetery at Rensselaer. He was always a farmer and acquired 
an estate of 220 acres in Newton County. His church home was 
the ]\Iethodist. 

James Sliaefl'er had begun his education before the family came 
to Newton County, and grew uji om his father's farm. On March 
7, 1878. he married r'risciila C). Jones, daughter of Cornelius and 
Matilda A. (Minshail) Jones, of Newton County. ITer parents 
settled in Iroquois Township as early as 1856, their former home 
having lieen in Ross Comity, Ohio. Cornelius Jones was of mingled 

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German and Welsh descent, while his wife was of Scotch stock. 
Air. and Airs. ShaeiYer have three children. Kittie AI. is the wife 
of Claude A. Warr, who lives in Bi-ook. Alattie G. is the wife of 
Charlc.K A. Alather, who lives in Iroquois Township. Agnes V. mar- 
ried Henry Smith, and they live three miles northeast of Brook. 

Having- pursued farming successfully for a number of years 
Air. Shaeffer in December, 18S6, left his farm and established him- 
self in the general merchandise business at Foresman. He remained 
one of the live merchants of that community until 1897, and he 
also became known as a buyer of livestock, real estate and a dealer 
in loans. Since 1897 '^'^ liome has been in llronlc, and here he has 
continued to look after his \'aried interests, including- lands, the 
handling of loans, and he is also interested in the plumbing business 
with his son-in-law at Brook. Air. Shaefter is a republican, but 
has no aspirations for office. He is charter member of Brook Lodge 
of the Knights of I'yUiias. , ...^ >...., .iv . . 

Elmkr E. Hess. Besides being one of the most genial and popu- 
lar townsmen at Brook, Elmer E. Hess has made his business a 
means of carrying the name and tame of this Indiana village beyond 
the borders of Xcwton ConiUy. For a great many years, in fact 
since the early settlement of tlic county, no has been sjjoken 
with greater res])ect within its borders than that of Fless. Elmer E. 
Hess is a son of the late Andrew Hess, who established the family 
here a little more tlian fifty years ago, and whose descendants still 
pla}' a \aliant part in the business and social life of the community. 

Sonicthing of his genial fellowship is indicated by the name 
"Old Alack" by which he is popularly known among his associates 
and old time friends, and his part as a factor in the business life is 
indicated by another familiar title, "^^'itch FTazel Hess." 

On I-'cbruary i, 1916, the E. E. Hess Drug Company was incor- 
porated under the state law-s of Indiana, with Air. Hess president, 
and the other members of the board of directors are Everett D. 
Hess, his son, and John L. Cooke, of Goodland and Verne C. Sny- 
der. Articles of this corporation were taken out in order the better 
to handle an industry which has grown under the capable manage- 
ment of Air. liess during the past quarter of a century. The primary 
object of the E. E. Fless Drug Company is to manufacture what 
is known to the trade as "W. H. C", which being translated means 
witch hazel cream. A year or so ago an article in the Brook 
Reporter gave a little history of this business, and it is reproduced 
here with some abbreviation. 

On August 1, 1888, Air. Fless established a little drug store in 
Brook, his stock cpnsisling of ;i handful of goods, a good appetite 
for work and a determination to win out He had all he could 
do for several years in making a living out of the business. He 
also had a hobby, and by concentrating attention on this hobby it 
became his real business, and in the drug store was a side 

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issue. Pie kept on his shelves a considerable stock of creams, lotions, 
and other toilet prcjiaralions, many of them j)Ul up in fancy packages, 
and there was a special demand for such goods at certain seasons 
of the year, when many of his customers were lookinc;- for some- 
tiiing for rough and irritated skins, chapped hands, face and lips, 
ilr. Hess had sufficient conceit to believe that he conkl produce a 
toilet i)reparation a little better than the best. He kept up his experi- 
menting for a number of years, and finally brought out "W. H. C." 
Mr. Hess claims for this article something entirely di(Tere]it ir, com- 
position from the usual preparations designed to accomplish the 
same ]iur]'0.^c. 

At first he mamtfacturcd only a few hollies, but the trade has 
no^^' gro\vn until it is manufactured by the hundreds of gallons, and 
this growth is the more interesting and noteworthy because it is 
the result of personal endorsement ami a gradual extension of the 
reputation of the product, rather than from elaborate advertising. 
.\t the beginning .Mr. He-s had no idea of selling tjie ])rcparation 
except to the local trade. Former customers who moved away 
ordered a few bottles sent by mail or express, and gradually drug- 
gists in other towns began inquiring and asking for a few bottles, 
and lluis the industry came to have more than a little importance. 
The equipment at first \\-as an old granite kettle in which the 
preparation was boiled. The next year be introduced a kettle of 
aboitt double the capacity, and following that came a c(']'i)er wash 
boiler, sufficient to make about ten gallons at one time. IJut in a 
few years it appeared lliat the wash boiler was inadequate. Before 
investing in a larger and much more costly equipment, ]\Ir. Hess 
sent out letters of incjuiry to all the merchants who liad handled the 
preparation, and answers were received to four out of five of these 
letters, giving him such encouragement and endorsing the prepara- 
tion so highly that he felt justified in establishing the industry on 
something like a factory basis. As a result the equipment was 
increased until it was capable of making about loo gallons of "W. 
H. C." every day. With increased trade there came the incorporation 
of the business, already mentioned, and early in 1916 the comjiany 
moved to larger c^uarters and now has a plant with c(iui]jmcnt far 
in advance of any of the earlier stages mentioned. 

Elmer E. Hess was born February 20, 1862, in Iroquois Town- 
ship of Newton County, and has always had his home in that one 
community. He grew up on a farm, and besides the common schools 
attended for a time the high school at Logansport. 

His first business experience was as a clerk for about eighteen 
months in the drug department of W. D. Foi-esman's general store. 
Then in iSSS he established his drug business at Brook under the 
name "Hess Tht Druggist." Eater the Ijusin.ess was known as 
E. E. Hess & Son, and out of that came the E. E. Hess I3rug Com- 
pany, Incorporated. 

In 1890 Mr. Hess married Ida Foresman, a daughter of John 

1 r.U'il .■■:. 


B. Foresmaii, of a well known Newton County family elsewhere 
referred to. Mr. and Mr.s. Hess have two children, Everett D., 
who is associated with his father in the business, and married Hazel 
Lawrence; and Lcland 1'., who is attending school at Brook. In 
politics ^Ir. Hess is a republican and has always been a strong 
admirer of Theodore Roosevelt. He served on the school hoard and 
0!ic term on the tov>'n board, and is now president of the library 
board. ] le is afhliated with Knights of Pythias Lodge at I'.rook. 

Bernii.'vkd P.\ulus. This is the oldest living resident of Iro- 
quois Township in Newton County. His home has been in this 
section of Indiana for fifty-three years, and though he long since 
passed the age of fourscore and is now nearing the age of ninety, 
it was only in 1913 that he gave u]) his active responsibilities as a 
farmer in Iroquois Township and mo\cd to take life somewhat at 
leisure to the \'illagc of Brook. 

. Few men have accepted more of the opportmiities that come to 
every honest and worthy citizen than I-ienihard Paulus. A history 
of Newton County would hardly be con);)letc witliout some reference 
to this venerable octogenarian. 

He is a Bavarian by birlh and ancestry, and was born in the 
district between Nuremberg and W'uerzberg, in Bavaria, June 30, 
1828. His early life was spent on the vine clad hills of Bavaria and 
one experience of his early manhood was a service of three years 
three months thirteen days with the Sixth Regiment of Bavarian 
Infantry. In 1853 he hired a substitute to tal^e his place in the ranks 
and set out for America, landing at Baltimore Septeml)er 13, 18-53. 
His sweetheart accompanied him on the same boat and on New 
Year's Day of 1S54 they were married in Cincinnati. 

His liome was at Cincinnati until 1861, and he then moved to 
Wayne County, Indiana, and on Ajjril 13, 1863, arri\ed in Iroquois 
Township of Newton County, locating tw miles south and one miie 
east of Brook. As a German lad he learned the baker's trade, which 
he followed in the old country, aiid he al-o v.orJved in thr s.ime line 
at Cincinnati. Later he slailcd a C()<)in:r shop in I'.utler County, 
Ohio, but when his hands ail deserted him to enlist in the army dur- 
ing the Civil war he gave up the business, and soon afterward moved 
to Indiana. His career in Newton County has l)een entirely that of 
a farmer. He still owns a fine place of 120 acres in Iroquois Town- 
ship, and has some town property. Practically all his land is thor- 
oughly drained by tiling. 

The young Bavarian woman whom ~\]r. Paulus married at Cin- 
cinnati over sixty years ago v.-as ^largaret Neubcrd. They lived 
together nearly thirty years and her death riccnrred in 1883. Seven 
children ^^■erc born to their union. The oldest, ]\farg:iret, is now 
deceased. Philip L. is a farmer in Jasper County, Indiana. Johanna 
is the wife of Henry Getting and lives at Hartford, Indiana. John 
I-.- is a farmer in Illinois. Henry is a farmer near Rensselaer. 

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Emma is llie wife of Ilinvard Van Dorn of Harvey, Illinois. Mary 
is the ■'.vife of Fritz Stewart, of Mason City, Tennessee. For 
his second wife Mr. Paulas married Irene Hines, of Newton County. 
Mr. Paulus lias always been a republican, and while ever ready 
to perform those duties which come to every good citizen he had no 
ambition for public office. Therefore it was a case of the office seek- 
ing the man when his fellow citizens in Iroquois Townshij) chose him 
as township supervisor, an office he filled for eleven years. He has 
also exerted his influence Ijoth by example and by encouragement 
to others in such improvements as ditches and roads. He was also 
a school director, and has jjroved a loyal and stanch friend of public 
schools. I\Ir. and Mrs. I'aulus are both active members of the 
United P.rethren Church at Brook, and he has been liberal in giving 
to and suppcirtiiig the church of tliat denomination. :\I. Rice, ;\I. D. When Doctor Rice finished his medical 
education in the City of St. Louis in 1901, ho chose as his first loca- 
tion and i)oint of practice Jasper County. During the fi\e }-ears of his 
residence in that county he built up a promising patronage, and then 
in 1906 he removed to Rose Lawn in Newton County, and for the 
past ten years has been the leading physician in that rural com- 

To his aini)lc practice in this district, he lias brougiil tlic ability 
and careful skill wliicb woukl have gained him pcrliajis more dis- 
tinction Init nnt grealer lionnrs for sulistanlia! service in ibc populous 
urban centers. A special honor as a citizen was paid him in 1915 
when the citizens of Lincoln Township elected him their trustee, 
and he is now filling that office and is giving much tiu'ie and atten- 
tion to the sui)crvision of t!ie schools and the other duties of Ins 
office. Doctor Rice is a stanch democrat and has taken an active part 
in behalf of his party. He is a member of the Xe^vton and Jasper 
Counties Medical Society, and is medical examiner for a number of 
fraternal orders. His personal affiliations are whh the Masonic 
Order, Earl Lodge of Rose Lawn, Indiana, tlie Knights of Pythias 
of Rose Lawn, and the Modern \\'oodmen of America ol [Morocco, 

The Rice family to \\hich lie Ijelongs has been identified with 
Northwestern Indiana since pioneer days. Doctor Kice was liorn at 
Hebron in this state June 3, 1S79, a son of James \'. and Elizabeth 
Rice. His father was a native of Ohio, and his grandfather came 
to Hebron at an early day. His grandfather, whose name was 
James V. Rice, acquired a large amount of valuable farming land in 
the vicinity of Hebron, and was one of the men of substantial 
prominence in this locality until his death. He had llie di.stinclion 
of serving as a' soldier in the Mexican war. James V. Rice, father 
of Doctor Rice, also followed the vocation of farmer, and died in 

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DocLor Rict; i.s ihc juuugcst of his fatlun's children, jiis father 
was married three times. Doctor Rice attended high school at 
Hebron, and after his literary training cnlci-ed the iVledical College 
at St. Louis where he took his degree ]\I. D. 

On January 3, 1902, at Kankakee, Illinois, he married Aiiss 
Al'abel Burgess. Mrs. Rice is a woman of culture and well litted 
by education and nature for the responsibilities of a home maker 
and also as a leader in her social comnnniity. She graduated from 
Valparaiso University, and taught school for several years before marriage. J3oetor and ilrs. Rice have a fine family of live chil- 
dren: Burgess, James Y., Clair ?\Ialcohi), Johii JI. and William K. 

D.wiD K. ]'"rvi:. f^^or more than thiny years a sulistaiili^d and 
well known busines;; r.ian of Rose Lawn, David K. Fryc has led 
a \cry acii\-e careei- and lias always foimd a way to employ his 
energies profitably and usefully. The business activities and prestige 
of the \'i!lage of Rose I^awn largely center around the establish- 
ment of ]\]r. Frye. lie is not only the oldest merchant of the village 
but one of the oldest in );ioint of continuous service in Newton 
County. For more than a generation he has supplied general mer- 
chandise to his large ])alroiiagc in that community, and his store 
has been one (f tliC important for the marketing of fann 
pj'oduce. .Ad.iled in his lesponhiljilities as a general merchant are 
also the duties of tlie local ])Osluflice. 

The liest kind of help is self-help, and throughout his career :\!r. 
J-^r)-c lias acliil on ili.ii juincipk- and polic\-. lie was born in Allen 
(')uiii^', l-.iili'iiia, >'n\eiiil>ei- X, 1 85t'>. a son of Jacob and ]\fary 
(}>Jiii:il!j ]"i;,e. 1 lis father, who was a native of Ba\'aria, Germany, 
came (o /Xmeriea alone and fully three quarteis of a century ago 
arrived in liuli:ina, locating on a farm in Allen County. He was 
a hard working farmer all his active career, and died in 1861. Of 
his family of nine children seven are still H\'iiig. 

David K. Fr)'e grew up on the old homestead and remained there 
until he was twenty-one. His education came from tie local schools, 
and he wisely improved his op|jorlunities. At the age of tw-enty- 
one he went to \"nlparaiso, Indiana, and was there employed as a 
meat cutter until 188S. Me was thirty-two years of age when he 
arrived at I\ose Lawn in Newton County and engaged in the gen- 
eral merchandise business. Fie had ambition, considerable ex- 
perience, made a close study of local conditions as affecting a store, 
and ins energy and square dealing have been constant factors in 
his progress to prosperity. 

There is no better citizen in Lincoln Township than Mr. Frye. 
Evidence of this is found in the fact that In^ fellow citizens elected 
him township trusiee, an ofiice lie filled from 1904 to 1908. Fie 
W'-as appointed i)Ostmastcr of Rose Lawn some years ago, and bis 
store is also the headquarters of the local postal department, fn 
politics ]\Ir. Frye is a democrat. 

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On December 8, 1884, he married Miss Elizabeth Tanner of 
Rose Lawn, and Ihcy have had their home in lliat village for more 
than thirty years. Mr. and ]\lrs. Eryc are the parents of one 
daughter, Eloia, who is now twenty-three yeans of age and a young 
woman of culture and refinement, Ijeing a graduate of high school 
and also of the Indiana Sraie Nc>rmal College at Terre Haute. 

Gkokgh a. Hopkins. There are in every community men of 
such force of character that by reason of their capacity for leader- 
ship they become recognized as foremost citizens and bear a most 
important part in public affairs. Such has been the creditable ]-)0si- 
tion in Newton County of George A. Hopkins, whose work as a 
business man in the construction of many solid homes and other 
buildings has gained him a splendid reputation as a carpenter and 
builder, and his position in public affairs is that of trustee of 
Jackson Township. 

He has spent most of his active career in Newton County, but 
was born in Stark County, Illinois, November 8, 1851. His parents 
were Jedushan .S. and Anna L. (Rouse") Hopkins, the former a 
native of Ohio and the latter of New York State. His mother's 
people came originally from Germany. J. E. Hopkins moved from 
Ohio to Illinois, Avas a practical farmer there for many years and 
then came to Newton County, Indiana, locating in Iroquois Town- 
ship. After a year he went to Jasper County, Indiana, and v,-as 
identified with farming in that locality until his death ten years later, 
in 1875. His widow survived him until 18S4. J. S. Hopkins was 
a member of the Methodist Church, a republican in politics, a 
believer in temperance and in every respect a model and upright 

George A.. Hopkins spent the first twenty-two years of his 
life in the home of his parents. He acquired such education as the 
local schools could afford, and as a means of securing a livelihood 
and advancing himself as a useful citizen he learned the carpen- 
ter's trade. 

On January 5, 1889, in Newton County he married Miss Harriett 
F. Clark, a daughter of ^Villianl and Hester Clark. Her parents 
lived in Wisconsin for three years, then removed to Illinois, from 
there to Ohio, afterward returned to Illinois, and in 1871 the Clark 
family came to Newton County, and in 1881 bought a farm of 120 
acres near Brook. Mrs. Hopkins was the eighth in a family of 
nine children. Three children were horn into the home of Air. and 
Mrs. Hopkins, and the one now living is Lloyd. The son Lloyd 
has successfully taught school in Newton County six years, and 
is now married to i\Iiss Allie Spangler. 

In of politics :\Tr. Hopkins is an active republic.-in. For 
four years he filled the office of postmaster at Mount Ayr, and 
has always been one of the sturdy and progressive citizens of his 
community. In ]0T.:| the people of Jackson Townsln]) elected him 

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townsliip trustee, and since taking that ofincc he has given nnieh 
of his time to the successful administration of the township schools 
and of other duties that come within the scope of his office. 

The trade of carpenter whicli he learned as a youth lias liccn 
the basis of his successful business career. He has erected many 
substantial residences both in the villages and coimtry districts of 
Newton County, antl his own beautiful home is in j\Iount Ayr. He is 
still active as a builder and carpenter, though not to the same extent 
he was in former years. 

Jesse Bkingle. Among the Iroquois Tow)iship farms in New- 
ton County, that are deserving mention as places of value in 
the material sense and as homes of thrifty and energetic citizens, 
there is the Bringle place, the proprietor of which is Mr. Jesse 
Bringle, who has lived in this section of Northwestern Indiana for 
more than thirty years. It is only a matter of propriety that a brief 
record should be given in this history of IMr. Bringle's career. 

Born August 2, 1855, in New Saulsbury, Harrison County, 
Indiana, he is a son of Lawiencc and Nancy (Craydon) Bringle. 
His father was a native of North Carolina, born there in 1800 and 
went as a pioneer to Harrison County, Indiana. He was a general 
farmer, a man who enjoyed the esteem of his fellow^ citizens, and 
his death occurred tifty-nine years ago when his son Jesse was two 
years of age. He had been twice married. His first wife, whom 
he married in 1824, was Anna C. Reep, who died leaving six chil- 
dren. On November 12, 1866, Lawrence Bringle married Nancy 
Craydon of New Saulsbury, Indiana. .She became the mother of 
-five children, the last being Jesse. 

]\Ir. Bringle grew up in liis mother's home, remaining with her 
until he was twenty-one years of age, and acquiring a common 
school education. On January 31, 1880, he married Miss Catl'.erine 
Bill, a daughter of Jacob T. and Anna (Heintz) Bill of New Sauls- 
bury, Indiana. Mr. and Mrs. Bringle started out with little capital 
and have proved their claim to prosperity by hard work and thrifty 
management. In March, 1884, they removed to Iroquois Township 
in Newton County, and after renting a farm for twelve years Mr. 
Bringle bought the eighty acres in that townshi]i where he now 
resides. From early boyhood he was taught the duties of farming 
and that has been his real vocation. His farm is well improved, 
well stocked, and grows all the best grain crops of Newton County. 
He has also provided a comfortable home for his family and he 
and his wife have given their children the best of advantages. 
Politically Mr. Bringle is a democrat. 

They have five children: Jacob L., Anna ]\f., Nora E., Maud T. 
and ^Villiam Merrill. All the children were given a good education 
and the "daughter Anna, after attending the common schools, spent 
two years in Valparaiso University in the normal department, and 
for the past four years has been a successful and popular teacher 

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ill Jasper and Nc\\lon connlics. Nora E. graduated from the I\Jount 
Ayr ]Iigh School, and taught two terms in Newton County. Air. 
Bringle is a jncniLcr of the Mount Ayr Lodge of the Inde])endent 
Order of Odd Eellows. 

George W. Lykcii. Starting life as a farm laborer, first sup- 
porting himself and then a family, gradually accumulating some 
means by careful savings and good management, until he was able 
to secure land of his own, Air. George \Y. Lynch has a record of 
comnieudabk- progress and ]jrospcrity, and is now well established 
as the leading merchant of Alount Ayr in Jackson Tuwnshii). 

A native of this section of Indiana, he was burn at (^loodland 
April 23, 1S73, a son of James A. and Amy (N:ioc) Lynch. His 
father, -who was born in I'ennsjlvania, came west to Illinois in 
1871, and for a time followed his trade of wagon maker in that 
state, but in 1872 moved to Goodland, where he was steadily cm- 
ployed until he retired. He had a fine record as a soldier in the 
Civil war, having enlisted from Pennsylvania, and continuing almost 
from the beginning until the close of hostilities. He was long identi- 
fied with the Grand ,'\rmy of the Republic, and in matters of politics 
was a republican. His death occurred in 191 1. 

Mr. George W. Lynch is the fourth in a family of nine children, 
four of wliom arc still living. He was reared and received his early 
education in Indiana, and at the age of eighteen began earning his 
living as a farm laborer. That v,-as his employment for twelve 
years, and later he went to Oklahoma and bought 160 acres, con- 
stituting a quarter section of land in that new country. W'liile 
living in Oklahoma Air. Lynch was married September 9, 1901, to 
Aliss j^lorencc Clinton. A happy family of five children were born 
to them, and the four now living are Charles L., Kenneth, Donald 
and Clar)'. 

In igoS Air. Lynch returned to Newton County, and engaged in 
the restaurant business. After five years in that line he bought a 
stock of goods and is now proprietor of the leading general store 
and restaurant of Alount Ayr. He is a well liked business man, and 
is equally public spirited in matters of citizenship. He belongs to 
the Modern Woodmen of America, Alount Ayr Camp No. 68^4, 
and a number of other fraternal orders and is a republican voter. 

Epiiratm Bkowx. The Brown family is one of the oldest in 
Newton County, and its members have been continuously identified 
with the development and improvement of this section for about 
seventy years. Air. Ephraim Brown is carrying on the work of 
farmir.g and stock raising where his father left of¥, and is well 
known among farmers and stock raisers not only in tb.e county but 
all over this j^art of the state. 

Born Sejjtcmber 23, 1863, in Newton County, Ephraim Brown 
is a son of Philip and Alary Ann (Bridgeman) Brown, flis father 



was born in TiiJjH-oanou County, Indiana, and died in 1910. The 
niollKT died in n/Vv I'hilip Brown wiicji a l)oy re-moved lo Newton 
Coiuiiy -Ailh his hrothcr sonic time in the '40s, and by hard work 
and good management built up an estate of 190 acres of land. 

Ephraim Brown was the oldest in a family of six children, live 
of whom are now living. Ele acquired his present farm in Jackson 
Township by inheritance and is now living there as a ijachelor. ITe 
is a very successful general farmer, and he also enjoys the recrea- 
tions of hunlin- ;mn fishing. He takes great delight in fast horses 
and some of hi,, iii-meis have been entered on the track in various 
fairs and nseing meets. 

rKESTON F. RoiiERTS. One of the family n;imes best known and 
most highly esteemed in Nev.tnn (/.nnny is (hat represented by life 
and activities of Preston F. Isniu 1 n,, ^\ll,, su-l.iiiis (he reputation of 
being a real farmer, a man v,li(. iiiakes agriculuire a succes.sful busi- 
uc.'^s instead of a haplia.^ard jairMut, and <le, er.edh prospered. 
lie has been as vigorous and pni.Hc sj.iriled in jn.iiters of the local 
welfare and the advancement of his county as he has been in look- 
mg after his private affairs, and he is one of the prominent men of 
Jacksoii Township. 

He was bom in Lawrence County, Indiana, January 12, 1844, 
a son of Samuel and Elizabeth (Hooker) KobeVls. His mother', 
whose maiden name was Hooker, was born in Washington County, 
Indiana. They were married in \\'ashington County, and when 
I^reston Roberts was a small child his father went down the Ohio 
River on a boat and was never heard of again. The mother died 
when Preston was eleven 3'ears of age. 

Thus thrown ujion liis own resources, he I:ad to battle for success 
without the environment in which most boys are reared. For ten 
years he lived in the Kerby family and practically grew up in their 

On December 28, 1863, ^^t- Roberts married ]\Iiss Keith- 
ley, and they have continued life's mutual companirnship now for 
more than half a century. Seven children were born to them. 
The five now living are: Jesse E., Lora C, Claude P., Lillian, and 
Bela F. 

After his marriage Mr. Roberts spent the summer seasons in 
farming and taught school in the winter. In spite of the handicap 
to his early career, he has managed to acquire a liberal education, 
partly in the common schools and partly in an academy. 

On August 3, 1864. Afr. Roberts came to Jasper County, and 
was a resident of Newton Township in that county for three years. 
Pie then moved to Newton County, and has since been one of the 
progressive citizens of Jackson Township. The original forty acres 
which he bought nearly half a century ago is still the site of his 
home, and he and his family reside in the house which he erected 
in 1869. It is one of the landmark's of this rural district. Mr. 




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Roberts' prosperity has come from the successful management of 
his farm, the raising of corn and hogs, the conduct of a dairy, and 
lie has also enga;;cd in mai^ket gardening as a side hne. 

lie ha.s also been called to public oflu'c, and has acquitted himself 
most cretlilably. lie served as supervisor four years, and for four 
years was a member of the county council. In politics he is a 
democrat, is a member of the Grange, and has always given liberally 
of his means to those institutions which are most important factors 
in the life of a community. 

CiiARLiis A. Wood has for a number of years been successfully 
engaged in the practice of dentistry at Brook, Indiana, He is a 
native of Jasper Count_y, and represents one of the old families in 
this section of the state. 

He was born on a farm south of Rensselaer in Jasper County 
August 25, 1S74, a son of \\'illiam Henry and Mary (I'ierson) 
Wood. The Wood family originally came from A'irginia. Williran 
H. AV'ood was Ijorn in iS^y and when a boy came to Rensselaer, 
where he remained with his cousin Jacob W'ood for a time. He 
was one of the boy soldiers in the Civil war, spending two years in 
the ranks, and giving a good account of himself. In 1869 he mar- 
ried, and then established a home on a farm southeast of Rensselaer, 
afterward mnving to Rensselaer, where he and his wife still live. 

Doelor W'uiXA ,,j:-ured his early eilncatioii in Jasper County and in 
1899 -raduiltd from the Chicago College of Dental Surgery. Locat- 
ing at I'.iM il:, lie has practiced successfully there for the ]iasl seven- 
teen )e,n.s, rmd at the same time has borne a full share in the public 
affair- ni thnl ciimnumitw l^octor Wood is an ardent supporter of 
the ]ir!,iic ;.h.)ol,, at al! times, and for ten years he served as town 
clerk and is now town crustee. He is a member of the Brook 
Knights of Pythias Lodge, Castle Hall No. 277, and lielongs to 
the United Brethren Church. 

May II, 1900, Doctor Wood married Olive Wilson, daughter of 
Samuel and Marilla (Xeely) \Mlson. Both her parents were Ohio 
people and the)- moved to Indiana in 1876, locating at Brook, where 
the father was a farmer. 3.1rs. Wood's mother was born July 31, 
1838, in Pickaway County, Ohio, and died July 29, 1909. Her 
father was born November 4, 1828, and died November 17, 1893. 
Doctor and Mrs. Wood have four children : Frances E., in the eighth 
grade in school and has taken musical training; Helen M., in the 
sixth grade; and Marvin A., and IMartha N., twins, in the fourth 

Fkaxk 1'.ri:wi:k, who has spent nil his active life in Washing- 
Ion Township of Newton County, is a m;in of no small distinction 
in that community. People know and s]ieak of him as a very pro- 
gressive and successful farmer. One of the fine farms of the 
township stands as ample evidence and proof of the truth of this 

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olisurvation. At the same time he is ;i leader in pulilic aliairs, and 
is iK)\v serving as township trtisiec 

His birth oecurred cm a farm in WasliingKni Townshijj Seplc-m- 
ber 22, 1875. 1-Je is a sem of Jlenjamin and Sarah .'vnu (^Ivider) 
iirewer. ^\'hell Frank lirewcr was less than a .v.:ar old his 
died and he s])ent his carl)- life on the old farm with his mother. 
He was given such advantages as the public schools of the locality 
could afi'ord, and he wisely improved his early opportunities to 
secure a practical training for the serious re^jionsibilities of the 
woild. His falher owned at the time of Iiis death uo acic- in 
\\'ashington Township, and 40 acres of that la.nd has siiice beecMue 
the property and home of his son Frank Brewer. Mr. Brewer has 
in many w;iys improved this land during the past twenty years, 
and Iws increased his holdings to 160 acres. The farm has (j\ery 
equipment and facility necessary for progressive agrictdture, and 
he is a master of the art of raising good crojis and geiod livestock-. 

On October 29, 1901, Mr. man led -Mi^s Carrie E. 
Ikiswcll, daughter of George and Florence A. (I'di) Baswell. To 
their union have been four children, Cdadys P.. l.ela iM., Dale \V., 
and Ilarley F. These children have all recei\ed the benefits of 
the local schools, and Ciladys graduated fron-i the grade schoi.ils 
in 1916. 

The family are active members of Mount Zion United Brethren 
Church. Mr. I?rew-er i.^ a democrat and in 1916 was elected to his 
present office as trustee of Washington Township. He has accepted 
that office as a [jlace of trust, and is giving much of his personal 
lime to the sapv:rvlsion n< the many interests entrusted to him. with 
parlictdar regard to the welfare of the local school system. 

Georci; a. Mf,R(.ii.\nt. The Town of Brook has one store 
which more than any other has for many years stood as the reliable 
center of first class merchandise and the home of adequate and 
fair service. This is a store established many years ago by the 
late Joseph ^Merchant, and one of whose proprietors is George A. 
Merchant, a son of Joseph. 

George A. I^Iercbant is a yotmg and progressive business man of 
Newton County, has spent all his life within the borders of this 
county, and knows the people and aims constantly to supply their 
wants in a mercantile way. 

He was born in Brook October 26, 1881, a son of Joseph and 
Elizabeth (Warr) Merchant. Both families were from England. 
On coming to America Joseph i\Ierchant located in Newton Cotmty, 
and engaged in the mercantile business by himself. FTe afterward 
formed a partnersliii. willi Rclnbardi Bossntng. That name was 
continued with all its lior.oralik relations and association until the 
deatb of Mr. Joseph :Mercbant in 1904. Thereafter the finn name 
became Bossuing & I\rercbant, with George A. Merchant owner 
of a kdf interest in the business. 

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jA.Si'ER AX 13 A"E\VTO.\" COUNTIES 711 

Tin's firm coiuliicLs n complete department store. It is the lead- 
ing eoncern ol its kind in the Town of Brook. The late Joseph 
Alerchant was nut only well known as a merchant but as a capable 
and U])right citizen of Xewton County. He has built up an exten- 
sive trade by honorable and fair methods, and these same qualities 
have descended to his son George. 

George A. ^Jcrchant was one of a family of five cliiklren, only 
three of whom are still living, lie was reared in Brook, received 
the advantages of the commoii schools, and was practically brought 
up in his father's store. \\"hen he was twenty-three years of age 
the death of his fatlier threw uj)on him die responsibilities of con- 
tinuing ihe business, and he has more than made good in his voca- 
tion, lie is an active member of J'.rook Lodge No. 670, Free and 
Accepted ]\Iasons, politically is a republican and is a member of 
the United Brethren Church. 

CJn May 2_\, 1905, he married Miss Alice Sell, a daughter of 
Edward Sell. Her family came to this section of Indiana in the early 
days from I-'enns} Jvania, and were identified with the agricuHural 
growth and prosjierity of Newton County. Mr. ^Merchant is one of 
the public spirited citizens of Brook, and gives his influence and 
means to the promotion of every worthy enterprise. ' ., 

Hr'Cii M. Light has long been an active business man in Brook. 
He is associated with several other well known citizens of the town 
in the grain business. I-[is principal industry, hov/ever, has been 
farming. Mr. Light knows fanning as the result of long and 
capable experience. I-^e owns one of the fine farms in ^^'ashington 
Township of ?\cwton County, and has extensive interests iu- lands 

The I-ight family were among the pioneers of Newton County. 
They originated in the State of Kentucky, and in an early day moved 
from there to Owen County, Indiana, where grandfather Light was 
a pioneer settler. IT. M. Light was born in Owen County March 
27, 1858. His parents were Bluford and Martha (Burton) Light. 
Bluford Light, who was also a native of Indiana, came to Newton 
County and acquiring land in the southern part of Washington 
Township began a career as a farmer which eventually made him 
known all over this county. He was one of the leading stock raisers 
of the early days, and was a resident of Washington Township for 
more than forty years. He finally moved to Kentland, where he 
died. Lie was a very active member and a trustee of the United 
Brethren Church in Washington Township. The church in which 
he worshiped for many years v.-as finally destroyed by fire, and from 
its ashes arose a modern chapel built at a cost of $12,000. Bluford 
Light was ven,' nnich interested in this new church but he died' 
before it was completed. His long and honorable career was an 
exemplification .of the fact that strict honesty and probity are no 
bars to success in business. His character Vv'as indeed his best 

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asset, and he not uuly left a good proijevi) l>iit also a cliorished name 
and reputation. 

Ilng'i Al. Light six'nt his early years in Newton County, attended 
the public schools, and lived in Ihe paleinal home utitil he was 
twcnly-four. On Alareh i, 1871, he was married in W'ashiuglon 
Township near the lUinois State line. To their marriage were 
born six children, and the live now living are: Oral B., Zena B., 
Clara, \'ernori, and C)pal who is a college graduate and in 1913 
-began teaching in the district and grade schools in Newton County. 
At present (igib) she holds the chair of Domestic Science in 
Brook High School. 

Mr. Light is a republican in politics, belongs to the Knigiits of