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Full text of "Standardized plant names; a catalogue of approved scientific and common names of plants in American commerce"

STANDARDIZED 
PLANT NAMES 



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AMERICAN JOINT COMMITTEE ON 
HORTICLILTURAL NOMENCLATURE 



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STANDARDIZED PL4NT NAMES 



STANDARDIZED 
PLANT NAMES 



A CATALOGUE OF APPROVED 

SCIENTIFIC AND COMMON NAMES OF PLANTS 

IN AMERICAN COMMERCE 



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Prepared by 




Frederick 


Law Olmsted 


Frederick 


V. COVILLE 


Harlan P. 


Kelsey 




Sub-Committee 



1923 

AMERICAN JOINT COMMITTEE 

ON HORTICULTURAL NOMENCLATURE 

SALEM, MASS. 



Copyright, 1923, by 

AMERICAN JOINT COMMITTEE 

ON HORTICULTURAL NOMENCLATURE 



J. HORACE McFARLAND, Chairman 
HARLAN P. KELSEY, Salem, Mass., Secretary 



Organization of the Americayi Joint Committee: 

American Association of Nurserymen 

Ornamental Growers' Association 

American Society of Landscape Architects 

American Pharmaceutical Association 

American Institute of Park Executives 

Society of American Florists and Ornamental Horticulturist ^^ 

And in Cooperation with 

American Dahlia Society American Pomological Society 

American Gladiolus Society American Rose Society 

American Iris Society American Seed Trade Association 

American Peony Society American Sweet Pea Society 



J. Horace McF'arland Company 
Harrisbiirg, Pa. 



PREFACE 

THE American Joint Committee on Horticultural Nomencla- 
ture was formed in 1915 by committees of the American 
Association of Nurserymen and of the Ornamental Growers' 
Association. Gradually enlarging in scope and representative char- 
acter, its present make-up is as indicated on page xv. 

Purposes. As first constituted, the stated purpose of the Com- 
mittee was to "make buying easy" by bringing about, so far as prac- 
ticable, the consistent use of a single standardized ''scientific" 
name, and a single standardized "common" name for every tree, 
shrub, and plant in American commerce. 

Related subjects which the Committee has had under con- 
sideration are a standard list of plant name abbreviations, and, 
of far greater importance, a well-organized mechanism for the 
registration and identification of horticultural varieties and the 
adoption of standard rules of nomenclature for the guidance of 
those naming new horticulturaWarieties. 

Statement of the Problem. Included in its first publication in 
1917 was the following statement by the Committee: 

Practical Importance of Stability in Nomenclature. The confusion of 
names in the horticultural plant world is at present so great as to clog popular 
plant knowledge and actually to limit to no small degree the use of certain 
trees, shrubs, and flowers in our American plantings. The consequent loss to 
the tradesman and planter is obvious. For example, take the common \'irginia 
creeper: We find this catalogued in 1916 under no less than six Latin l^ino- 
mials — Ampelopsis quinquefolia, A. virginica, Parthenocissus quinquefolia, 
P. virginica, Vitis hederacea, and P seder a quinquefolia, while as common names 
we have Woodbine, American Woodbine, Virginia Creeper, American Ivy, 
Common Virginia Creeper, Virginian Creeper, Wild Woodvine, and Five- 
fingered Ivy. Today both American and foreign nursery catalogues are filled 
largely with confused and contradictory lists of plant names, while popular 
books on gardening and horticulture and the horticultural press themselves 
are at sea, and little if any better off than the tradesman. It is thus often 
impossible for the buyer to know whether he will get what he has in mind 
when placing an order, or something entirely different. 

Further, owing to the differing names under which both new and old 
plants are often catalogued, described, and disseminated, the plantsman and 
buyer become perplexed and discouraged, and proper interest is not awakened. 
This often results in the over-use of the commoner and less worthy trees and 
plants to the exclusion of many beautiful things. 

Causes of Confusion. Even when there is complete and well-established 
agreement among botanists as to the classification and naming of any given 
plant, mistakes by nurserymen or dealers in identification and labeling are 
hable to occur, giving rise to much confusion. When a dealer, either through 

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vi STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 

ignorance or accident, sends out a comparatively unknowTi plant labeled with 
the name of some other little-known plant, the misapplied name is likely to 
follow the first plant and become established in trade. 

A striking case of this sort is that of the tree so widely disseminated for 
street planting under the common name "Carohna Poplar." Experts on the 
poplar state that this is probably Populus eugenei, sl hybrid originated in 
Europe, and that the native Carolina Poplar practically never passes in the 
trade under that name. In this extreme case the transferred name is so uni- 
versally accepted by the trade that an attempt to correct the original mistake 
would be inadvisable at present. 

When, however, a plant has been widely distributed under the name of 
some other plant, through a mere mistake in identification, and the plant 
whose name was mistakenly apphed to the other is also in cultivation, there 
is serious confusion, which can usually best be settled by correcting the original 
mistake even if it has become widely accepted. 

Botanists Disagree. Other causes than mistaken identification of plants 
have contributed to the existing confusion. These involve differences of 
opinion and of practice among botanists in regard to plant names when there 
is no question at all about the identity of the plants. For one thing, in doubtful 
cases they are not yet wholly agreed upon the rules or "code" which shall 
apply, to decide which of two or more names shall stand; but these differences 
are comparatively few. Much more important are differences of personal 
judgment among botanists as to what constitutes in any given case a sufficient 
difference between two groups of related plants to place them in different 
genera; for example, whether the known difference between apples and pears 
is enough to separate them into two genera, Malus and Pyrus, or is so shght 
that they should be consolidated into a single genus. The same sort of dif- 
ference in judgment arises as to what constitutes a sufficient difference to 
call for separation into distinct species, and as to what are of varietal rank. 
These differences are inevitable and are independent of rules or other arbi- 
trary decisions. 

For example, Azalea is now classed under Rhododendron by some botan- 
ists, yet for trade reasons it seems inexpedient to catalogue the Azaleas as 
Rhododendrons. 

Why Botanical Names Change. Probably the most important cause of 
changes in botanical nomenclature in recent years is the constant collection 
of new evidence as to the facts. This evidence is of two sorts: evidence found 
in botanical literature as to the first proper description and naming of each 
kind of plant, and evidence as to the structure and habits of the plants them- 
selves. When any group of plants is studied more carefully and thoroughly 
than before, new facts are sure to be discovered which may alter the classifi- 
cation and nomenclature based on previous incomplete knowledge. 

Absolute and permanent fixity of botanical nomenclature, therefore, 
cannot be insured by any arbitrary agreement. 

General Basis of the Committee's Work. In the face of the 
above facts the representatives of the organizations constitut- 
ing this Committee have decided that the only practicable rem- 
edy is, for purposes of practical convenience in the horticultural 
trades, to agree arbitrarily upon some one name for each plant, by 



PREFACE vii 

which name it can he designated for a definite term of years, with 
provision for revising and correcting the Hst at probably five- 
or ten-year intervals, after due notice to all concerned. 

In this catalogue it should be noted that this necessary arbi- 
trary agreement upon a name does not imply criticism of any bo- 
tanical authority. The Committee has been at the greatest pains to 
inform itself concerning the usage of the best authorities, and it 
has in most cases followed the usage of such authorities. In a 
few cases, and for reasons deemed adequate, deliberate departure 
from such usage has occurred. It should be noted that two 
codes of botanical nomenclature are in use among botanists— the 
American Code and the International, or Vienna, Code. 

Official Code of 1917. In the winter of 1915-1916 the Commit- 
tee took advantage of an opportunity afforded by the publication 
of the sixth volume of the Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture, 
in which Dr. L. H. Bailey, its editor, included a Finding List of 
Latin or Latinized binomials commonly used in North American 
literature and commerce, with their equivalents in the Cyclopedia. 
The Committee was permitted, through the courtesy of Dr. 
Bailey, to insert in this list ''stars" to indicate the names recom- 
mended by the Committee as the standard names for use in 
the horticultural trades for a considerable number of plants, 
mainly trees and shrubs. A reprint of the hst as it appeared in 
the Cyclopedia was distributed as the 1917 Official Code of 
Standardized Plant Names, and has been extensively adopted 
and used. It is now superseded by this work, which records in the 
slight changes that may be observed the orderly progress of name 
revision above referred to. 

Subsequent Work. The matter rested during the war, but in 
1919 the Committee took up its work seriously, and after much 
labor and many delays due to the constant enlargements in scope 
and the ramifications of the subject, it has brought this work to 
the point of the present publication, which contains not only a 
vastly increased list of scientific names, including herbaceous as 
well as woody species, but also their approved common names, and 
the approved names of great numbers of horticultural varieties. 

Horticultural Necessity and Convenience Paramount. What the 
Committee seeks to do is not to hamper the progressive correction 
and improvement of botanical nomenclature, and least of all the 
freedom of research, publication, and discussion among taxo- 
nomic botanists; but rather to provide a convenient and prac- 



viii STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 

ticable means for bringing the matured results of such scientific 
research into use in the horticultural trades without damage and 
by agreement at definite periods. 

The Basis Adopted. For many reasons, not the least of which 
was convenience in attaching each name to a generally accessible 
description, the Committee adopted as a general basis the scientific 
names given in Bailey's Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture, and 
whenever the approved scientific name in this work differs from the 
Cyclopedia name, the latter is given in parentheses followed by 
the abbreviation ''Cy." Similarly, whenever a name in this work 
differs from the name applied to the same plant by the 
Economic Herbarium of the United States Department of Agri- 
culture, the latter is given in parentheses followed by the ab- 
breviation "Ag." In certain genera, notably Azalea and Rhododen- 
dron, the names used at the Arnold Arboretum, where they differ 
from our usage, are similarly indicated by the Abbreviation ''Ar.'^ 

Disuse of Capital Initials* In regard to two matters of typog- 
raphy and spelling, the Committee has broken with the prevail- 
ing practice among botanists, by a large majority vote but not 
without a vigorous and well-presented opposition by a minority. 
One of these decisions was to use no capitals in scientific names 
except for invariably beginning a genus name with a capital. 
This is a practice which some botanists and some horticulturists 
have long followed and which is universally followed by Ameri- 
can zoologists. The rule as to capitalizing species names as fol- 
lowed, for example, in Bailey's Cj'clopedia and by many botanical 
authorities seems unnecessarily complicated in its application. The 
simple rule adopted by the American Joint Committee standard- 
izes horticultural name typography and is unmistakable in mean- 
ing and use. 

Double "ii^^ Ending of Species Nanfies Changed to Single "i."* 

*It should be noted in regard to such matters as the capitalizing or the decapitalizing of 
species names, the retention or omission of the second "i" in second declension genitives (as 
Thunbergii for thunhergi), and the insertion or omission of hyphens in compound names (as Horse- 
chestnut, Horsechestnut) , that no serious confusion of meaning is likely to be caused by 
diversity of usage or lack of standardization in these matters. While the Joint Committee be- 
lieves the standards adopted in this publication in these matters are convenient, economical, and 
desirable as trade usages, the one essential purpose of the publication, namely, the stayidardization 
of the names themselves, will not be affected if some users of the publication choose to adhere 
to other standards in regard to these less essential details of typography. 

On the other hand, in the case of compound names in which a name properly belonging to 
one genus is applied in compound to a different genus, like Horsechestnut or Mat- 
apple, failure to write or print them as compound words, either with a hyphen or "solid," 
is in many cases likely to cause serious confusion and should be consistently avoided. The 
committee prefers and prints Mayapple. It makes no serious objection to May-apple. It 
objects very positively to May Apple, which is apt to mean, for any one not familiar with the 
plant, that it is a species or variety of the genus ]\Ialus. 



PREFACE ix 

The other of these decisions was to end all species names 
having the form of a second declension genitive with a single ''i" 
instead of with ''ii." This practice also has been followed for some 
time by zoologists and by some horticulturists. There is just as 
good classic Latin authority for the ''i" form as there is for the 
'4i" form, and it seems absurd to burden ourselves with trying to 
follow with precision the choice of each particular original author 
of a Latin plant name as to whether he would spell his genitive in 
^'ii" or in the equally proper "i." 

One Standard Common Name for Each Plant. The confusion in 
common names has been, of course, even worse than in scien- 
tific names. A single plant is sometimes known by twenty or 
more different names, some very closely localized, some very 
widespread. For example. Van Wijk's Dictionary of Plant 
Names credits the European White Waterlily, Nymphaea alba, 
with 15 English, 44 French, 105 German, and 81 Dutch common 
names, or a total of 245 vernacular appellations — a ridiculous state 
of affairs. Many other examples similarly absurd could be cited. 
More confusing still, the same common name is often applied in 
different parts of the country to wholly different plants. Some 
of these contradictory and confusing names are so firmly en- 
trenched in local popular usage that it may be quite impossible to 
eradicate them. The Committee, in proposing one of a plant's 
common names as a national standard common name for that 
plant, does not imply that some of the other common names in use 
for it are not just as good, or even in some respects better. But if 
we are ever going to reduce the confusion some one name must be 
selected more or less arbitrarily. 

Common Name Suggestions Desired. It will be noticed that in 
this work many plants are listed only by their Latin names. In 
such cases the Committee will welcome the suggestion of suitable 
common names for insertion in future editions. 

Committee^ s Procedure in Adopting Common Names. In general, 
the procedure of the Committee in regard to common names has 
been as follows: First, the collation of all the common names 
given for the plant in various publications. Among those most 
resorted to were Bailey's Cyclopedia, over 200 leading nursery 
catalogues, the leading American and English botanical and horti- 
cultural works and publications, the Century Dictionary, Sud- 
worth's Trees of the United States, and Van Wijk's Dictionary 
of Plant Names, a monumental work on the common names of 



X STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 

plants in five languages, with frequent reference for comparison 
to many other works and sources. 

Eliminating Syjionyms. Second, we have undertaken the elimi- 
nation of a name for any genus, species, or variety, of names 
clearly belonging more properly, according to accepted usage, to 
some other genus, species, or variety. The recklessness with 
which people, on moving into a new locality, have applied familiar 
old plant names to totally different plants of the new locality has 
been responsible for a great deal of existing confusion. For exam- 
ple, first settlers in a new country are likely to fix the name 
''Laurel" to almost anything that has handsome evergreen leaves, 
and any evergreen conifer is likely to be called ''Cedar" or "Pine." 
Some of these misnomers have become so firmly and so widely 
established in popular usage, even where the plant is now grow- 
ing along with the plants which have the first right to the 
name, that they cannot be changed. But in such cases the 
Committee has adopted this rule : Whenever a common name prop- 
erly belonging to one germs is used as a name for a plant of some 
other genus {unless rarely where very closely related) it is to he used 
only as part of a compound name, written either with a hyphen 
or solid. Thus Apple (Malus), Pineapple (Ananas), Pond-apple 
(Annona), and Star-apple (Chrysophyllum) ; not Pine Apple, Pond 
Apple, or Star Apple. 

Confusion of Common Name Synonyms Illustrated. In this book 
the Committee has to deal with no less than thirty-one genera 
in which the common name "Lily," usually with a qualifying 
adjective, has been heretofore applied — genera other than the 
true Lily genus, Lilium. In these cases the name "Lily" has 
obviously been used on account of the resemblance of the subjects 
to the true Lily. Many of these Lily combinations are too well 
fiixed in common usage to change. To overcome this difficulty the 
Committee has therefore applied its rule of consolidating these com- 
pounds where a different suitable common name could not be 
supplied. Examples: Amazonlily (Eucharis), not Amazon Lily; 
Day lily (Hemerocallis),no^ Day Lily; Glorylily (Gloriosa); Rainlily 
(Cooperia) ; Plantainlily (Hosta) ; Troutlily (Erythronium) ; Water- 
lily (Nymphaea) ; Zephyrlily (Zephyranthes) . No other satisfac- 
tory solution of this major difficulty was discovered, and this 
procedure is beheved to be sound. 

Horticidtural Variety Synonyms in Chaos. In plant groups with 
a large and rapidly increasing number of purely horticultural 



PREFACE xi 

varieties the chaos of name duplication is especially prevalent. 
Lack of authoritative registration mechanism and other coopera- 
tive action among horticulturists, and the disappearance of 
thousands of horticultural varieties as they were superseded, has 
fostered the duplication of names. 

This situation is well known to all horticulturists, and no group 
of plants is free from this name confusion ; it is only too well illus- 
trated in cultivated fruits, Rose, Peony, Iris, Gladiolus, Carnation, 
and other plant groups, including vegetables, grains, and annual 
flowering plants. For example, consider potato varieties. In Great 
Britain, out of 242 varieties of potatoes tested at Ormskirk in 
1920 by the National Institute of Agricultural Botany, the Potato 
Synonym Committee found that 72 per cent were synonyms. 
Conditions cannot be said to be much better in America.* 

Cornmon Names for Horticultural Hybrids. For many reasons 
the Committee prefers the practice of calling horticultural hybrids 
and other horticultural varieties by distinctive non-Latinized 
names — like the American Beauty Rose or the Baldwin Apple — - 
in preference to the use of Latinized names (in imitation of those 
applied by botanists to natural species and subspecies) which 
attempt to set forth the genealogy of the variety, such as Prunus 
cerasus rhexi Cy, Rhex Cherry; Chamaecyparis pisifera plumosa 
argentea Cy, Silvertip Retinospora; Nephrolepis exaltata hostonien- 
sis elegantissima cornpada cristata, Cockatoo Boston Fern. 

These pseudo-scientific Latinized names of horticultural varie- 
ties tend to become cumbersome, and there has been the ut- 
most inconsistency and lack of science in devising them. A 
hybrid is sometimes given the name of one of its parents with a 
varietal addition which makes its name a trinomial or a polynomial 
of the nth degree; sometimes it is given a brand-new binomial that 
looks like the name of a newly discovered natural species. 

Use of Hyphen in Compound Names.\ Some difficulty has been 
experienced in establishing a standard practice in the use or omis- 
sion of hyphens in compound words. The trend of usage in Eng- 
lish is undoubtedly toward the closer consolidation of the parts of 
a compound as the combination becomes familiar. 

*As an example of the confusion in the names of vegetables the following quotation is made 
from an authoritative British publication: "In the case of vegetables it is probable that the 
'orgy of synonyms' is more marked than in any other group of plants. Of the thousands of 
names of peas at present on the market there are probably less than 100 varieties, and these 
in turn include probably less than 20 types. Cabbages, turnips, and beans also suffer from a 
multitude of unnecessary names." 

tSee footnote on page viii referring to the use of hyphens. 



xu 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Therefore, for simplicity and convenience, hyphens are avoided 
where they are not clearlv desirable; but a hyphen must be used 
where the'meaning is made clearer, or where the pronunciation ot 
the compound would be seriously difficult to recognize when 
printed as a single word. 

Examples: Vi-apple, not Viapple, for Spondias cytherea; but 
Pineapple, not Pine-apple nor Pine Apple, for Ananas sativus, 
because this compound has become sufficiently familiar. Bellflower, 
not Bell Flower 7ior Bell-flower; Pelicanflower, not Pelican Flower; 
Longleaf, not Long-leaf nor Long Leaf; Longspur, not Long-spur. 

Sign of the Possessive (') Omitted. In possessive adjectival names 
the possessive sign has been dropped, and the accompanying let- 
ter ''s" except where required for euphony or clearness. Examples: 
Schwedler Maple, not Schwedler's Maple; Wier Maple, not Wier's 
Maple; Josephs-coat (a horticultural variety of Amaranthus), not 
Joseph's-coat; Rivers Beech, 7iot Rivers' Beech; Browns Lily, not 
Brown's Lilv or Brown Lily, etc. This rule has already been adopted 
by the American Pomological Society, and we believe is sound 
practice. 

Standardization of No7nenclature Unfinished. The following 
three large plant groups have yet to be considered and standard 
names adopted; viz., 1. Vegetables, such as Cabbage, Potato, 
Celery, Radish, Bean, Pea, etc. 2. Flowering Annuals, such as 
Petunia, Zinnia, Nasturtium, Cosmos, etc. 3. Bulbous Plants, 
such as Narcissus, Jonquil, Hyacinth, Crocus, Ranunculus, Scilla, 
etc. (The genus Tulipa has been adequately considered.) 

The first two groups, Vegetables and Flowering Annuals, are 
now being considered by a committee of the American Seed Trade 
Association, and it is expected that the result will be available for 
future editions of Standardized Plant Names. The "name-chaos" 
existing is easily seen by an even casual comparison of current 
seed catalogues. ' In Bulbous Plants, the Tulip group discloses an- 
other form of "name-chaos" in the use of identical names for varie- 
ties in different groups of the same genus. 

Continuance of Joint Committee, and Revision. Obviously while 
the work of standardizing plant names is well begun it must be 
continuous. Files must be kept that will list all new names and 
show all name changes that experience and use make advisable, 
and it is certain that revision will be desirable in five-year or possi- 
bly longer periods. 

The Joint Committee welcomes constructive criticism and 



PREFACE xiii 

suggestions both as to the subject matter of this work and as 
to ways, means, and mechanism for estabhshing authoritative 
plant-name identification and registration. 

Horticultural Variety Na7nes Should be Registered. It is the 
hope of the Committee that ultimately all horticultural hybrids 
and other horticultural varieties may be known by individual 
non-Latinized names, registered in connection with type specimens, 
illustrations, and descriptions of each variety, and, so far as possible, 
free from duplication of varietal names within the same genus, or 
even within closely related genera. This seems a remote ideal to- 
day, but its influence on the present publication is shown in 
many genera where horticultural varieties known both by 
Latinized polynomials and by vernacular names have been listed 
in suitable groups under the latter, with the Latinized names given 
only as synonyms. 

Mechanism Needed for Name Registration and Identification. 
The American Joint Committee urges as a first step that there be 
established in suitable locations in the different geographical regions 
and climatic zones of the United States, Government botanical 
gardens, arboreta, and test-gardens, with herbaria attached, where 
all varieties of horticultural and agricultural plant material may, 
so far as possible, be grown and accurately labeled in the field, 
and be accompanied by corresponding herbarium specimens of 
flower, fruit, and plant, and with accurate descriptions and photo- 
graphs. 

Nomenclature Code. The adoption by the American Joint Com- 
mittee of a Code for use in the future naming of new horticultural 
varieties according to standardized rules and procedure, obviously 
is of the greatest importance in relation to simphfied and definite 
horticultural terminology. Such a Code should be based on the 
principles adopted and practiced by the American Joint Commit- 
tee in preparing Standardized Plant Names. The American Joint 
Committee may prepare and issue such a Nomenclature Code. 

Names as Published in Standardized Plant Names are Declared 
Standard for Not Less Than a Five-Year Period. The American 
Joint Committee hereby adopts as standard, by authority of its 
constituent organizations, the scientific and common names as 
pubhshed in this 1923 edition of Standardized Plant Names for 
a period of not less than five years. 

Reprints may be made as necessary, but the only permissible 



xiv STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 

changes are typographic or other errors, and the addition of new 
approved names or Hsts of names. 

Every horticultural organization in America is invited and 
urged to endorse and adopt Standardized Plant Names to the com- 
mon end that all plant names in horticultural use in America 
may become standardized. 

Acknowledgment to Collaborators. The American Joint Com- 
mittee wishes to acknowledge with gratitude the invaluable 
assistance rendered by many organizations and individuals in the 
preparation of Standardized Plant Names, and particularly in cer- 
tain genera and groups, as follows : 

COLLABORATORS 

Agave, Bean Trees, Dahlia, Peony, Rosewoods, various tropical plants and 
fruits, ])articularly Annona: Dr. William E. Safford, Bureau of Plant 
Industry, Washington, D. C. 

Annuals: F. L. Mulford, U. S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, 
D. C; Alfred Putz, W. Atlee Burpee Co., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Azalea, Japanese: Bobbink & Atkins, Rutherford, N. J. 

Begonia: Peter Arnott, Chestnut Hill, Mass.; L. A. Bobbink, Rutherford, 
N. J.; J. A. Peterson, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Cactus: Dr. J. N. Rose, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D. C. 

CameUia and Indian Azalea: Jas. G. Bailie, Augusta, Ga. 

Canna: Robert Pyle, West Grove, Pa. 

Carnation: Prof. E. A. White, N. Y. State College of Agriculture, Cornell 
University, Ithaca, N. Y. 

China Aster: W. H. Dildine, James Vick's Sons, Rochester, N. Y. 

Citrus: A. D. Shamel, Dr. W. T. Swingle, and T. R. Robinson, of the 
Bureau of Plant Industry, Washington, D. C. 

Dahha: Prof. J. B. S. Norton, Hyattsville, Md.; Wm. J. Rathgeber, 198 
Norton St., New Haven, Conn, 

Ferns: Dr. W. R. Maxon, U. S. National Museum, Washington, D. C; 
R. C. Benedict, Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Fruits: Dr. L. H. Bailey, Ithaca, N. Y.; Dr. W. H. Chandler, New York 
State College of Agriculture, Ithaca, N. Y.; Leonard Coates, Lakeport, 
Cahf.; R. B. Cruickshank, University of Ohio, Columbus, Ohio; 
OrlaxNdo Harrison, Berhn, Md.; Prof. U. P. Hedrick, N. Y. State 
Experiment Station, Geneva, N. Y.; H. Harold Hume, Glen St. Mary, 
Fla.; Prof. E. R. Lake, Bureau of Plant Industry, Washington, D. C; 
George C. Roeding, Niles, Calif.; Robert A. Simpson, Vincennes, Ind.; 
Paul Stark, Louisiana, Mo. 

Fiber Plants: L. H. Dewey, Bureau of Plant Industry, Washington, D. C. 

Gladiolus: Prof. A. C. Beal, Ithaca, N. Y. 

Grasses: Dr. A. S. Hitchcock, Bureau of Plant Industry, Washington, D. C. 

Indexing, Tulip, and many minor genera: O. M. Freeman, Bureau of Plant 
Industry, Washington, D. C. 

Iris: John C. Wister, Wister St. and Clarkson Ave., Germantown, Philadel- 
phia, Pa.; R. S. Sturtevant, Wellesley Farms, Mass. 



PREFACE XV 

Japanese Flowering Cherry: Homer C. Skeels, Bureau of Plant Industry, 
Washington, D. C; Dr. T. Tanaka, Kanagawa Agricultural Experi- 
ment Station, Of una, near Yokohama, Japan. 

Lilac (Syringa) and Willow (Salix) and special proofreading: Dr. Alfred 
Rehder, Arnold Arboretum, Jamaica Plain, Mass. 

Nuts: WiLLARD G. BiXBY, Baldwin, N. Y. 

Oaks (Quercus):.W. W. Ashe, Washington, D. C. 

Orchids: Oakes Ames and F. Tracy Hubbard, Ames Botanical Laboratory^ 
North Easton, Mass. 

Peony: Dr. A. P. Saunders, Chnton, N. Y. 

Palms: Dr. O. F. Cook, Bureau of Plant Industry, Washington, D. C. 

Phlox: J. D. EisELE, Henry A. Dreer, Inc., Philadelphia, Pa.; Prof. C. L. 
Thayer, Massachusetts Agricultural College, Amherst, Mass. 

Prunus: John Dunbar, 208 Municipal Bldg., Rochester, N. Y. 

Rose: J. Horace McFarland, Harrisburg, Pa. ; Robert Pyle, West Grove, Pa. 

Rocky Mountain Plants: S. R. De Boer, Denver, Colo. 

Sweet Pea: George W. Kerr, Doylestown, Pa.; S. C. Vick, 205 Elwood Ave., 
Newark, N. J. 

Waterlily: Peter Bisset, Bureau of Plant Industry, Washington, D. C. 

Common names and abbreviations: Warren H. Manning, North Billerica, 
Mass. 

Research work on common names: E. S. Steele, 1522 Q St., N. W., Wash- 
ington, D. C. 

Research work on Latin names: Dr. Sidney F. Blake, Bureau of Plant 
Industry, Washington, D. C. 

Acknowledgment is also made to numerous correspondents rendering special 
service in proofreading and suggesting common name changes: Gordon 
D. Cooper, 4614 Prospect Ave., Cleveland, Ohio; L. P. Jensen, Mis- 
souri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, Mo.; B. W. Pond, 18 Tremont St., 
Boston, Mass.; Prof. C. S. Sargent, Arnold Arboretum, Jamaica Plain, 
Mass.; Norman Taylor, Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brooklyn, N. Y.; 
Robert Wheelwright, 56 W. 45th St., New York, N. Y. 

AMERICAN JOINT COMMITTEE 
Sub-Committee: ON HORTICULTURAL NOMENCLATURE 
Frederick Law Olmsted j HORACE McFARLAND, Chairman 

Frederick V. Co viLLE xtat^t^^tt^ t^t^t ot-^- o * 

Harlan P. Kelsey HARLAN P. KELSE^ , Secretary 

Participating Organizations: 

American Association of Nurserymen 

Ornamental Growers' Association 

American Society of Landscape Architects 

American Pharmaceutical Association 

American Institute of Park Executives 

Society of American Florists and Ornamental Horticulturists 

Cooperating Organizations: 

American Dahlia Society American Pomological Society 

American Gladiolus Society American Rose Society 
American Iris Society American Seed Trade Association 

American Peony Society American Sweet Pea Society 

The membership of the participating committees is given on page 547. 



xvi STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 

HOW TO USE STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 

This Catalogue includes both the scientific and the common names, ap- 
proved and synonymous, of plants in American commerce, very fully cross- 
indexed and arranged in one continuous main alphabetic sequence. 

Throughout, the approved scientific names are in bold-face, whether in 
CAPITALS or in small letters. Synonyms and unapproved jiames are invari- 
ably in italic, either stnall letters or CAPITALS. Approved common names 
are always in Small Capitals. 

These typographic distinctions make the use of the catalogue easy. The 
cross-indexing will facilitate finding approved names, directly or through 
synonyms. 

The words constituting the main alphabetic sequence are at the left-hand 
margin of the columns. They are mainly the genus names, common and 
scientific, such as ABIES and Fir, cross-referenced to each other. 

Following a scientific genus name is the alphabetic list of species of that 
genus, each accompanied by its common name, and by an italicized synonym 
when a synonym is in well-established and authoritative use, as, under ABIES, 
"A. pectinata {A. picea Cy; A. alba Ag-Ar) . . . Silver Fir." Cross refer- 
ences are given from such synonyms in their proper alphabetic order. 

Following a scientific species name and further indented to the right are 
hsted alphabetically the names of natural varieties of that species recognized 
by botanists and found in American commerce, as, "A. homolepis umbilicata 
(umhellata) . . . Dimplecone Fir." The horticultural varieties of a genus 
are placed together in a special list, following the list of species of that genus, 
and arranged in the alphabetic order of their common names. There is usually 
a reference to this special horticultural variety hst under each species of 
which there are varieties to be found in the Ust. Thus, under A. pectinata 
is the note "See also hort. var. list on page 2," and under the heading "Hort. 
var. of Abies" is found "Sentinel Silver Fir {A. pectinata pyramidalis^ Cy)." 
In very short species lists, such as Allamanda, and in genera in which most 
of the species have horticultural varieties, such as Azalea and Rosa, the refer- 
ences to the horticultural variety list are omitted. 

A plant having a recognized Latin name and a recognized common name 
is entered under each of its names; for example Sugar Maple, Acer saccharum, 
IS entered under A, M, and S: In the case, however, of the very large number 
of horticultural varieties that have no recognized Latin name, no entry is 
made under the adjective; for example. Firefly Azalea is entered under A 
but not under F. 

^^'ojlowing the common name of a genus in the main alphabetical list is an 
alphabetical hst of common names of species and varieties of that genus (except 
when the great length of such a hst, as in case of Rose makes it reasonable to 
refer to the full list under the scientific name of the genus) and also of com- 
pounds of that genus name applied to plants belonging to other genera; as 
under the heading Apple (Malus), is found Custard-apple, although, of course, 
Custard-apple also appears in the main alphabetical list under C. 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



BOLD-face, whether capitals or small letters, indicates approved scientific names. 

ITALIC, whether capitals or small letters, indicates synonyms or unapproved 
names. 

Small Capitals indicate approved common names. 

Abbreviations: Ag = Economic Herbarium of the United States Department of 
Agriculture; Ar = Arnold Arboretum, Harvard University; Cy = Bailey's Standard 
Cyclopedia of Horticulture. 

A dagger (f) indicates a horticultural variety for which the Joint Committee 
recommends the use of the common name alone, although recognizing that the 
scientific name in italics, followed by the dagger, has good botanical standing 
according to the authority cited. 



Aaronsbeard Cactus 

Opuntia leucotricha 
ABELIA Abelia 

chinensis (rupestris) . Chinese A. 

engleriana Engler A. 

floribunda Mexican A. 

grandiflora Glossy A. 

ABELMOSCHUS . . . HIBISCUS 

ABERIA DOVYALIS 

ABIES Fir 

alba Ag-Ar A. pectinata 

The name A. alba is often misapplied to 
Picea canadensis. 

alcockiana . . . Picea alcockiana 

The name A. alcockiana has often been 
misapplied to Picea jezoensis hondoensis. 

amabilis Cascade Fir 

The name A. amabilis is sometimes 
misapplied to A. grandis. 

apollmis . A. cephalonica apollinis 
arizonica (Abies lasiocarpa ari- 

zonica Cy) Cork Fir 

baborensis Cy .... A. numidica 

balsamea Balsam Fir 

— h.udsoma.(hudsonica) . Hudson F. 
brachyphylla .... A. homolepis 

bracteata A. venusta 

canadensis . . Tsuga canadensis 

cephalonica Greek Fir 

— apollinis Apollo F. 

cilicica Cilician F. 

concolor White F. 

— lowiana . . . Pacific White F. 

See also hort. var. list on page 2. 

douglasi . . Pseudotsuga douglasi 

excelsa Picea excel sa 

firma (momi) Momi Fir 

fraseri Fraser F. 

grandis , . . Great Silver F. 



ABIES, continued 

holophylla Needle Fir 

homolepis (brachyphylla) . Nikko F. 
— umbilicata (umbellata) 

DiMPLECONE F. 

Iiudsonica . A. balsamea hudsonia 
lasiocarpa (subalpina) . Alpine Fir 
— arizonica Cy . . . A. arizonica 
loiviana ... A. concolor lowiana 

'magnifica Red Fir 

— shastensis Shasta F. 

See also hort. var. list on page 2. 

mariesi Maries F. 

menziesi .... Picea sitchensis 

momi A. firma 

nobilis Noble Fir 

See also hort. var. list on page 2. 

nordmanniana . . Nordmann F. 
numidica (.4. baborensis Cy) 

Algerian F. 

orientalis .... Picea orientalis 

pectinata (A. picea Cy; A. alba 

Ag-Ar) Silver Fir 

See also hort. var. list on page 2. 

picea Cy A. pectinata 

pindrow Pindrow Fir 

pinsapo Spanish F. 

See also hort. var. list on page 2. 

pimgens Picea pungens 

sachalinensis . . Sakhalin Fir 

sibirica Siberian- F. 

spectabilis (A. loebbiana Cy) 

Himalayan F. 

subalpina A. lasiocarpa 

umbellata . A. homolepis umbilicata 
venusta (bracteo ta ) . 

Bristlecone P'ir 

veitchi Veitch F. 

webbiana Cy .... A. spectabilis 



(1) 



nOPERTY LIBRARY 

H. C. State Cottm 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Hort. var. of Abies: 

Azure Fir {A.magnificaglaucat Oy) 
Blue Spanish F. [Abies pinsapo 

glauca] Cy) 
Blueleaf Noble F. {A. nohilis 

glauca] Cy) 
PuRPLECONE White F. {Ahies con- 
color violacea] Cy) 
Sentinel Silver F. {A. pectinata 

pyramidalis] Cy) 
Weeping Silver F. {A. pectinata 
pendula\ Cy) 
ABOBRA .... Cranberry-gourd 
tenuifolia (viridiflora) 

Cranberry-gourd 

ABRONIA Sandverbena 

latifolia (arenaria) . . Yellow S. 

umbellata Pink S. 

villosa Woolly S. 

ABRUS 

precatorius Rosary-pea 

Absinth Common^Worm- 

wood: Artemisia absinthium 
ABUMON Ag . . AGAPANTHUS 

ABUTILON Abutilon 

hybridum 

A gardener's name loosely and erron- 
eously used for various hybrids. See 
hort. var. list below. 

megapotamicum (vexillarium) 

Brazilian Abutilon 

pictimi Painted A. 

striatum Redvein A. 

A. striatum often miscalled A. pictum. 

Hort. var. of Abutilon: 

BouLE de Neige (Snowball) 

Caprice 

Fireball 

Goldball 

Goldenfleece 

Savitz (savitzi) 

Souvenir de Bonn 

Thompson (thomsoni; A. striatum 
thompsoni^ Cy) 
Abyssinian Banana . Musa ensete 

ACACIA Acacia 

armata .... Kangaroo Thorn 
baileyana . Cootamundra Wattle 
cavenia Cavenia 



ACACIA, continued 

cornigera . . Bullhorn Acacia 

cultriformis Knife A. 

cyanophylla .... Blueleaf A. 

Cyclops Cyclops A. 

dealbata . . A. decurrens dealbata 
decurrens .... Green Wattle 
— dealbata ..... Silver W. 
— mollis {mollissima) . Black W. 
drummondi . Drummond Acacia 

famesiana Sweet A. 

floribunda . A. longifolia floribunda 
julibrissin . . Albizzia julibrissin 
juniperina . . Prickly Wattle 
latifolia . . . Broadleaf Acacia 
longifolia . . . Sydney Wattle 
— floribunda . . Gossamer W. 
lophantha . . Albizzia lophantha 
melanoxylon . Blackwood Acacia 
mollissima . A. decurrens mollis 
nemu .... Albizzia julibrissin 

neriifolia Bald Acacia 

podalyriaefolia .... Pearl A. 
pravissima .... Screwpod A. 
pubescens . . . Hairy Wattle 

pycnantha Golden W. 

riceana Rice Acacia 

saligna W^illow A. 

verticillata Star A. 

Acacia Acacia 

Bald A A. neriifolia 

Black Wattle A. decurrens mollis 
Blackwood A. .A. melanoxylon 
Blueleaf A. . . A. cyanophylla 

Broadleaf A A. latifolia 

Bullhorn A. . . . A. cornigera 

Cavenia A. cavenia 

Cootamundra Wattle 

A. baileyana 

Cyclops A A. cyclops 

Drummond A. . . A. drummondi 
Golden Wattle . . A. pycnantha 
Gossamer W. 

A. longifolia floribunda 

Green W A. decurrens 

Hairy W A. pubescens 

Kangaroo Thorn . . A. armata 

Knife A A. cultriformis 

Pearl A. ... A. podalyriaefolia 
Prickly Wattle . A. juniperina 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. 7T'.4Ztc=synonyms or unapproved names. 



ACACIA— ACER 



Acacia, continued 

Rice A Acacia riceana 

Rose-acacia . . Robinia hispida 
ScREWPOD A. . . .A. pravissima 
Silver Wattle 

A. decurrens dealbata 

Star A A. verticillata 

Sweet A A. farnesiana 

Sydney Wattle . . A. longifolia 

Willow A A. saligna 

ACAENA Acaena 

argentea Silver A. 

microphylla . New Zealand Bur 

ACALYPHA .... COPPERLEAF 

hispida (sanderi) . . Chenille C. 
margi7iata . . . Crimsonedge C. 

Hort. var. of A. wilkesiana. The true 
A. marginata of botanists is not in the 
trade. 

wilkesiana . Painted Copperleaf 

Hort. var. of Acalypha: 

Banana Copperleaf {A. wilkesi- 
ana musaica\ Cy; niosaica) 

Crimsonedge C. (A. wilkesiana 
marginala\ Cy) 

Macafee C. {A. w. macafeana\ Cy) 

Milton C. {milloniana) 

Triumph C. {A. wilkesiana irimn- 
phans'\ Cy) 

ACANTHOCEREUS 

pentagonus (Cereus haxaniensis) 

ACANTHOLIMON Prickly-thrift 
glumaceum Comb P. 

ACANTHOPANAX 

pentaphyllum {Aralia pentaphylla) 
ricinif olium ( Kalopanax ricini- 

folium Ag) . . . Castor-aralia 
— maximowiczi {Kalopanax ricini- 

f olium maximowiczi Ag; Aralia 

maximowiczi) 
sessiliflorum {Panax sessilijiorum) 

ACANTHOPHOENIX 

rubra {Arecarubra) Red Spine-date 
ACANTHORHIZA 

aculeata . . . Roots pine Palm 
ACANTHUS Acanthus 

mollis Soft A. 

— latifolius . . . Broadleaf A. 

Small CAPiTALS=approved common names. 



ACANTHUS, continued 

spinosus . . . Spiny Acanthus 

ACER Maple 

buergerianum(^ri^dwm)TRiDENTM . 
campestre Hedge M. 

See also hort. var. list on page 4. 

capillipes 

cappadocicum {colchicum; laelum) 
Coliseum Maple 

circinatum Vine M. 

colchicum ... A. cappadocicum 

dasycarpum {A. saccharinum Cy- 

Ag) Silver Maple 

See also hort. var. list on page 4. 

diabolicum Devil M. 

— purpurascens . Red-devil M. 

ginnala Amur M. 

glabrum . . Rocky Mountain M. 
grandidentatum . . Bigtooth M. 
griseum 

heldreichi Balkan M . 

henryi Henry M. 

insigne Persian M. 

— velutinum .... Velvet M. 
japonicum . . . Fullmoon M. 

See also hort. var. list on page 4. 

laetum .... A. cappadocicum 
leucoderme . . . Chalk Maple 
longipes {longijolium) 
macrophyllum . . . Oregon M. 
mandschuricum Manchurian IM. 
monspessulanum Montpelier M. 
negundo {Negundo acer aides; N. 
fraxinifolium) . . . Boxelder 
— calif omicum . . California B. 

See also hort. var. list on page 4. 

nigrum Black Maple 

palmatum {polymorphum) 

Japanese M. 

See also hort. var. list on page 4. 

pennsylvanicum {striatum) 

Striped M. 

pictum Painted M. 

platanoides .... Norway M. 

See also hort. var. list on page 4. 

polymorphum ... A. palmatum 
pseudoplatanus Sycamore Maple 

See also hort. var. list on page 4. 

rubrum Red M. 

— globosum . . . Dwarf Red M. 

Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (t) see page 1. 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES* 



ACER, continued 

rufinerve 
saccharinnm Cy-Ag 

Acer dasycarpum 

Much of the stock listed as A. saccha- 
rinuni is Sugar Maple, A. saccharum. 

saccharum . . . Sugar Maple 

This species was formerly known as A. 
saccharinum, but that name is now ap- 
plied by botanists to Silver Maple. 
See also hort. var. list below. 

sanguineum 

Scarlet Japanese Maple 

Hort. var. of A. palmatum. 

schwedleri .... Schwedler M. 

Hort. var. of A. platanoides. 

spicatum .... Mountain M. 

striatum . . A. pennsylvanicum 

tataricum . . . T atari an Maple 

trautvetteri .... Redblt) ^l. 

trifidum .... A. buergerianum 

truncatum 

velutinum .... Velvet Maple 

Hort. var. of A. insigne. The name A. 
velutinum is sometimes used erro- 
neously for A. trautvetteri. 

Hort. var. of Acer: 

Bentleaf Norway Maple {A. 
platanoides laciniatum-\ Cy) 

BiGMOON M. (A. japonicum 7nacro- 
phyllum] Cy) 

Bloodleaf Japanese M. {A. pal- 
matum atropurpureum^ Cy) 

Bloodleaf Norway M. (A. plata- 
noides ruhrum] Cy; reitenbachi) 

Blood vein M. {A. pahnatum atro- 
lineare] Cy) 

Column M. {A. platanoides colum- 
nare] Cy) 

Crested M. {Acer palmatum cris- 
pumf Cy) 

Crimped Norway M. (A. plata- 
noides cucidlaium\ Cy) 

Cutleaf Norway M. {A. plata- 
noides dissectum] Cy) 

Dusty M. {A. campestre pulveru- 
lentu77i-\ Cy) 

Fernleaf M. (A. japonicum par- 
sormf Cy ; filicifoliwm) 

Geneva M. Hort. var. of A. 
platanoides. 

Globe M. {A. p. globosum^ Cy) 

Golden Boxelder {A. negundo 
auratum] Cy) 



ACER, continued 

Goldenmoon Maple {Acer japon- 
icum aureum\ Cy) 

Green-net M. {A. pahnatum re- 
ticulatum^ Cy) 

Leopold M. {A. pseudoplatanus 
leopoldi] Cy) 

Pinkedge M. (A. palmatum roseo- 
marginatumi Cy) 

Purple Sycamore M. {A. pseu- 
doplatanus purpurascensj Cy) 

Pyramidal Silver M. {dasycar- 
pum pyramidale) 

Red Japanese M. {A. palmatum 
rubruni] Cy) 

Scarlet Japanese M. {A. p. san- 
guineum-\ Cy) 

Schwedler M. {A. platanoides 
schwedleri^ Cy) 

Sentry M. {A. saccharum monu- 
mentale] Cy) 

Sevenlobe M. {A. palmatum sep- 
temlohum\ Cy) 

Spiderleaf M. {A. palmatum or- 
natum^ Cy) 

Stole M. {A. platanoides slolli^ Cy) 

Sunrise M. {Acer palmatum au- 
reum] Cy) 

Threadleaf M. {A. palmatum 
dissect um'\ Cy) 

Veiny Sycamore M. {A. pseudo- 
platanus nervosum] Cy) 

WiER M. {A. saccharinum wieri 
Cy; laciniatum) 

Yellow Sycamore M. (A. pseudo- 
platanus worleei] Cy) 

ACERANTHUS . . . Maple wort 

diphyllus {Epimediuin diphyllum) 

Maple wort 



ACHANIA . 



MALVAVISCUS 



ACHILLEA Yarrow 

aegyptiaca Ag . . . A. tourneforti 
ageratum . . . Sweet Yarrow 
filipendulina {eupatorium) 

Fernleaf Y. 
millefolium .... Common Y. 

See also hort. var. list on page 5. 

mongolica A. sibirica 

ptarmica Sneezewort 

See also hort. var. list on page o. 



ACHILLEA— ADELIA 



ACHILLEA, continued 

sibirica (mongolica) 

Siberian Yarrow 

tomentosa Woolly Y. 

tourneforti (A. aegyptiaca Ag) 

Greek Y. 
Hort. var. of Achillea: 

The first four in the list below are hor- 
ticultural varieties of Sneezewort, A. 
ptarmica. 
BOULE DE NeIGE 

Globe (florepleno) 
Pearl 

Perry White 

Pink Yarrow (A. milleJoUum ro- 
sea] Cy) 
Red Y. {A. m. ruhra'\ Cy) 

ACHIMENES .... Achimenes 
longiflora (haageana) Trumpet A. ' 
patens Violet A. 

ACHRAS 

sapota (A. zapota Ag) . Sapodilla 

ACHY RAN THES . . IRESINE 

The species of true Achyranthes of 
botanists are not in the trade. 

ACHYRODES 

aureum (Lamarckia aurea Cy; 

Chrysurus aureus; C. cynosur- 

oides) . . . GoLDENTOP Grass 

Acid Mulberry . Morus acidosa 

ACIDANTHERA 

bicolor 
Aconite .... Aconitum napellus 
Bicolor A. (.4 . napellus bicolor] Cy ) 
Sparks A. Hort. var. of A. napellus 
White A. {A. n. album] Cy) 
Winter-aconite 

Eranthis; E. hyemalis 
Aconite Buttercup 

Ranunculus aconitifolius 

ACONITUM .... Monkshood 
anthora {pyrenaicum) 

Pyrenees M. 
autumnale .... Autumn M. 
bicolor 

This name is sometimes used by gar- 
deners erroneously for Bicolor Aconite, 
hort. var. of A. napellus, and for Azure 
Monkshood, A. fischeri. 

chinense . . Chinese Monkshood 

fischeri Azure M. 

— wilsoni Violet ]\I. 



ACONITUM, continued 

lycoctonum Wolfbane 

napellus {pyramidatum) . Aconite 

See also hort. var. list below. 

pyramidatum . Aconitum napellus 

pyrenaicum A. anthora 

uncinatum 

Clambering Monkshood 
variegatum . . Manchurian M. 
wilsoni .... A. fischeri wilsoni 
Hort. var. of Aconitum: 

Arbor Monkshood (volubile latisec- 

tum) Hort. var. of A. variegatum 
Bicolor Aconite (A. napellus 

bicolor] Cy) 
Sparks A. Hort. var. of A. napellus 
White A. (A. n. album] Cy) 

ACORUS SWEETFLAG 

calamus Sweetflag 

gramineus {japonicus) Japanese S. 
Hort. var. of Acorus: 

Whitestripe Sweetflag {A. gra- 

7nineus variegatus] Cy) 
Yellowstripe S. (A. ccdamus 
variegatus] Cy) 
ACROCLINIUM . HELIPTERUM 

ACTAEA Baneberry 

alba White B. 

japonica . . Cimicifuga japonica 
rubra (spicata rubra) 

Red Baneberry 
spicata Black B. 

ACTINIDIA Actinidia 

arguta . . (Tara Fine) Bower A. 
chinensis . {Chinese A.) Yangtao 

kolomikta Kolomikta 

polygama Silvervine 

ACTINOLEPIS .... Sunburst 
coronaria (Shortia calif ornica) 

Coronet S. 

ACUAN Ag . . DESMANTHUS 
Adam Laburnum (L. adami] Cy) 
Adams Needle 

Common Yucca : Yucca filamentosa 
Adderstongue . . Ophioglossum 

Common A O. vulgatum 

ADELIA .... FORESTIERA 
Adelia Forestiera 



6 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Adeua, continued 

Privet A. . Forestiera ligustrina 

Texas A F. acuminata 

ADENANTHERA . . . Beadtree 

pavonina Redbead 

ADENOPHORA .... Ladybell 

communis (A. liliijolia Ag) 

Common L. 

potanini Bush L. 

ADENOSTOMA .... Chamiso 

fasciculatum Chamiso 

ADIANTUM . Maidenhair Fern 

aemulum A. cuneatum 

bausei . . Bause Maidenhair 

Hort. var. of A. tenerum. 

bellum Bermuda M. 

capillus-veneris (fergusoni) 

Southern M. 

caudatum Trailing M. 

croiceanum Crowe M. 

Hort. var. of A. cuneatum. 

cuneatum {aemulum; hybridum; 
mvndulum) Delta Maidenhair 

See also hort. var. list below. 

farleyense Cy . . . Barbados M. 

Hort. var. of A. tenerum. 

fergusoni . . A. capillus-veneris 
formosum .... Australian M. 
gracillimum .... Mist M. 

hybridum A. cuneatum 

lunulatum Walking Maidenhair 
mundulum .... A. cuneatum 
pedatum American Maidenhair 
rhodophyllum .... Rosy M. 

Hort. var. of A. tenerum. 
sanctae-catharinae 

St. Catharine M. 

Hort. var. of A. trapeziforme. 

tenerum (scutum) . . . Fan M. 

See also hort. var. list below. 

trapeziforme . . . Diamond M. 

See also hort. var. list below. 

wagneri (weigandi) . Peruvian M. 
Hort. var. of Adiantum: 

Barbados Maidenhair (A. farley- 
ense Cy). Hort. var. of A. 
tenerum. 

Bause M. (bausei) Hort. var. of 
A. tenerum. 



ADIANTUM ( Hort. var.), continued 

Crowe Maidenhair (Adiantum 
cuneatum croweanum^ Cy) 

Rosy M. (rhodophyllum) Hort. var. 
of A. tenerum. 

St. Catharine M. (sanctae-cathar- 
inae) Hort. var. of Adiantum 
trapeziforme. 

Tassel M. (Adiantum cuneatum 
grandiceys] Cy) 

ADLUMIA . Climbing Fumitory 
fungosa (cirrhosa) . Climbing F. 

ADONIS Adonis 

aestivalis Summer A. 

amurensis Amur A. 

autumnalis . . . Pheasanteye 
pyrenaica . . Pyrenees Adonis 
vernalis Spring A. 

Adzuki Bean . Phaseolus angularis 

AEGOPODIUM .... GouTWEED 
podograria Goutweed 

Hort. var. of Aegopodium: 
Silveredge Goutweed (A. yodo- 
graria variegatum\ Cy) 

AESCULUS . . . HORSECHESTNUT 

arguta .... Texas Buckeye 
austrina ... A. discolor mollis 
brioti . . . Ruby Horsechestnut 

Hort. var. of A. carnea. 

bushi . . . Arkansas Buckeye 
calif omica . . . California B. 
carnea^ Cy Red Horsechestnut 

See hort. var. list on page 7. 

discolor . . . Woolly Buckeye 
— mollis (austrina) Scarlet B. 

flava A. octandra 

georgiana . . Georgia Buckeye 

glabra Ohio B. 

— buckleyi . . . Sevenleaf B. 
— leucodermis . . Whites ark B. 

harbisoni Harbison B. 

hippocastanum Horsechestnut 

See also hort. var. list on page 7. 

humilis .... Ground Buckeye 

Hort. var. of A. pavia. 

hybrida\ Cy Hybrid B. 

See hort. var. list on page 7. 

macrostachya ... A. parviflora 
michauxi . . Michaux Buckeye 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. 7r.4iic=synonyms or unapproved names. 



AESCULUS— AGERATUM 



AESCULUS, continued 

octandra (flava; Pavia flava) 

Yellow Buckeye 

parviflora (macrostachya; Pavia mac- 

rostachya) . . Bottlebrush B. 

pavia {rubra; Pavia rubra) Red B. 

See also hort. var. list below. 

plantierensis 

Damask Horsechestnut 

Hort. var. of A. carnea. 

rubicunda Red H. 

See hort. var. list below.. 

rubra A. pavia 

turbinata 

Japanese Horsechestnut 
versicolor . . . Hybrid Buckeye 

See hort. var. list below. 

woerlitzensis ellwangeri] Cy 

Ellwanger B. 

See hort. var. list below. 

Hort. var. of Aesculus: 
Baumann Horsechestnut {A. 

hipyocastanum baumanni] Cy; 

alba; florepleno) 
Cutleaf H. (A. h. laciniata] Cy) 
Damask H. (A. carnea plantieren- 

sis-\ Cy) 
Dark Red Buckeye (A. pavia 

atrosanguinea] Cy) 
Ellwanger B. (A. woerlitzensis 

ellwangeri] Cy) 
Ground B. (A. pavia humilis'\ Cy; 

Pavia nana) 
Hybrid B. (A. hybrida] Cy; octan- 
dra X pavia; versicolor) 
Pyramid Horsechestnut (A. hip- 

pocastanum pyramidalis\ Cy) 
Red H. (A. carnea] Cy; hippo- 

castanum X pavia; A. hippocas- 

tanum rubicunda) 
Ruby H. (A. carnea brioti\ Cy) 
Sawtooth H. (A. hippocastanum 

incisa\ Cy) 
Umbrella H. (A. hippocastanum 

umbraculifera\ Cy) 
YellowspotH. {A. hippocastanum 

variegata'\ Cy) 

AETHEOPAPPUS . CENTAUREA 
AETHIONEMA . . . Stonecress 



AETHIONEMA, continued 

coridifolium (jucundum; Iberis ju- 

cunda) . Lebanon Stonecress 

grandiflonim . . . Persian S. 

Aetna Broom . . Genista aetnensis 

Afghan Blistercress 

Erysimum perofskianum 
African Millet, African Tamarix, 

etc. See Millet. Tamarix, etc. 
African- violet Saintpaulia ionantha 

AGAPANTHUS . . . Agapanthus 

The name of this genus under the 
American Rules is Abumon. 

umbellatus .... Agapanthus 
Hort. var. of Agapanthus: 
MooRES Agapanthus (A. umbella- 
tus mooreanus'\ Cy) 
Snowflake a. (A. u. albidus\ Cy) 
AGATHAEA Ag . . . . FELICIA 

AGATHIS Dammar-pine 

alba (Dammara alba Ag) . White D. 
, australis {Dammara australis Ag) 
Kauri-pine 
robusta {Dammara robusta Ag) 

Australian Dammar-pine 

AGATHOSMA . . . Agathosma 

ventenatiana ( Hartogia ventenati- 

ana Ag) 
villosa {H. villosa Ag; Diosma pur- 
purea) 

AGAVE Agave 

americana . . . Centuryplant 

atrovirens . . . Pulque Agave 

caerulescens 

ferox 

fourcroydes .... Henequen 

lecheguilla . . . Lechuguilla 

lophantha . . . Crested Agave 

potatorum 

sisalana Sisal 

stricta . . . Hedgehog Agave 

See also hort. var. list below. 

tequilana Tequila A. 

Hort. var. of Agave: 
"Blue Hedgehog A. {Agave stricta 
glauca] Cy) 
AGERATUM Ageratum 

The plants known to gardeners as 
Ageratum are in a state of great con- 
fusion botanically. They apparently 

Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (t) see page 1. 



Small CAPiTALS=approved common names. 



8 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



AGERATUM, continued 

include species of the genera Ageratum, 
Alomia, and Eupatorium. A botanical 
study of these plants is in progress. 

album 

Probably Eupatorium niicranthum, 

conspicuu77i 

Eupatorium glechonophyllum 
houstonianum {mexicanum) 

Mexican Ageratum 
— muticescens Blue PerfectionA. 
lasseauxi . . Eupatorium lasseauxi 
latifolium 

Little Bluestar Ageratum 
nanum 

A dwarf form of A. houstonianum. 

roseum . . . Eupatorium lasseauxi 

Ageratum See Ageratum 

Chile -AGERATUM 

Eupatorium glechonophyllum 

AGLAONEMA 

costatum 
AGONIS Ag . LEPTOSPERMUM 

AGROSTEMMA 

coeli Lychnis coelirosa 

coelirosa L. coelirosa 

coronaria L. coronaria 

flosjovis L. flosjovis 

AGROSTIS .... Bentgrass 
capillaris (vulgaris; tenuis) 

Rhode Island Bent 

Rhode Island Bent is sometimes misiden- 
tified as Agrostis canina, a species not in 
the trade. 

nebulosa Cloudgrass 

palustris (A. alba Cy) . Redtop 
stolonifera 

(Creeping Bent) Carpet Bent 

AILANTHUS .... Ailanthus 
glandulosa (A. altissima Cy-Ag) 
( Tree-of -heaven) Ailanthus 
AIRA 

caerulea . . . Molinia caenilea 
AiRPOTATo . . Dioscorea bulbifera 
Aizoon Saxifrage, Aizoon Stone- 
crop, etc. See Saxifrage, 
Stonecrop, etc. 

AJUGA Bugle 

genevensis .... Geneva B. 
reptans Carpet B. 



Hort. var. of Ajuga: 

Curly Bugle (Ajuga metallica 

cmpaf Cy) 
PuRPLELEAF B. (Ajuga reptans 
rubra'\ Cy) 

AKEBIA Akebia 

lobata Threeleaf A. 

— australis 

quinata Fiveleaf A. 

Akee Blighia sapida 

Akita Columbine Aquilegia akitensis 
Al.abama Fothergilla, Alabama 
Supplejack, etc. See Fother- 
gilla, Supplejack, etc, 
Alaska Fleabane 

Erigeron salsuginosus 
Albanian Forsythia . F. europaea 
Albert Honeysuckle 

Lonicera spinosa alberti 
Alberta Spruce 

Picea canadensis albertiana 

Albino Elder, Albino Goatsrue, 

etc. See Elder, Goatsrue, etc. 

ALBIZZIA Albizzia 

julibrissin (Acacia julibrissin ; Aca- 
cia nemu) .... Silktree 

lebbeck . •. Lebbek 

lophantha (Acacia lophantha) 

Plume Albizzia 

procera 

ALCICORNIUM . Staghorn Fern 

bifurcatum (Platycereum alcicorne 

Cy) . Common Staghorn Fern 

stemaria (P. aethiopicum Cy; P. 

stemmaria) 

Triangle Staghorn Fern 
willincki (P. willincki Cy) 

Java Staghorn F. 
Alcock Spruce . Picea alcockiana 

Alder Alnus 

American Green A. A.mitchelliana 

Black A Common 

Winterberry: Ilex verticillata 
CuTLEAF A. (Alnus glutinosa la- 

ciniata^ Cy) 
European A. . . . A. glutinosa 
European Green A. . .A. viridis 
Featherleaf a. (^. incana pin- 
nalijida] Cy) 

Hazel A A. rugosa 

Italian A A. cor data 



ALDER— ALNUS 



9 



Alder, continued 

Manchurian a. . . Alnus hirsuta 
Mountain A. . . . A. tenuifolia 
Redvein a. (A. glutinosa rubri- 

nervia] Cy) 
Royal A. {A. g. imperialist Cy) 

Speckled A A. incana 

Alder Buckthorn 

Rhamnus alnifolia 

ALECTRYON Titoki 

excelsum Titoki 

Aleppo Iris, Aleppo Pine, etc. See 
Iris, Pine, etc. 

ALETRIS Stargrass 

farinosa Stargrass 

ALEURITES 

fordi Tung-oil Tree 

moluccana 
(Lumbang Pom) Candlenut-tree 
Alexander Magnolia (M. sou- 

langeana alexandrina\ Cy) 
Alfalfa .... Medicago sativa 

Tree A M. arborea 

Alfileria . . Erodium cicutarium 
Algerian Fir, Algerian Ivy, etc 

See Fir, Ivy, etc. 
ALISMA .... Waterplantain 
plantago-aquatica 

Waterplantain 
ALLAMANDA . . . Allamanda 

cathartica Common A. 

— hendersoni . . Henderson A 

neriifolia Oleander A 

Hort. var. of Allamanda: 

Williams A. (A. cathartica wil- 
liamsi\ Cy) 
Allegheny Blackberry, Alle- 
gheny Nailwort, etc. See 
Blackberry, Nailwort, etc. 
Alligator Juniper 

Junipenis pachyphloea 
Allioni Speedwell Veronica allioni 

ALLIUM Onion 

ascalonicum Shallot 

canadense . . Meadow Garlic 

cepa Onion 

cernuum Nodding O. 

fistulosum Welsh O. 

moly Lily Leek 

pornim Leek 

sativum Garlic 



ALLIUM, continued 

schoenoprasum Chive 

tricoccum \\'()()d Leek 

Allspice .... Pimenta officinalis 
Carolina A. . . Common Sweet- 
shrub; Calycanthus floridus 

Almond . Amygdalus; A. communis 

For hort. var. of Almond grown for 
their nuts, see American Pomological 
Society's List of Fruits and Nuts, in 
Appendix 

Double Pinkflowering A. Hort. 

var. of Prunus glandulosa. 
Double Whiteflowering A. Hort. 

var. of P. glandulosa 
Flowering A. 

This name applies to double-flowered 
varieties of Prunus glandulosa. 

India- ALMOND Terminalia catappa 

Russian A. . . . Amygdalus nana 

Almond Eucalyptus, Almond Pear, 

etc. See Eucalyptus, Pear, etc. 

ALNUS Alder 

alnobetula 

See note under A. viridis. 

cordata Italian A. 

crispa Ag-Ar ... A. mitchelliana 
glutinosa . . . European Alder 

See also hort. var. list below. 

hirsuta .... Manchurian A. 
incana Speckled A. 

See also hort. var. list below. 

laciniata Cutleaf A. 

Hort. var. of A. glutinosa. The name 
A. laciniata is often misapplied also to 
Featherleaf Alder, hort. var. of A. 
incana. 

mitchelliana (A . crispa Ag-Ar) 

American Green Alder 

rugosa Hazel A. 

tenuifolia .... Mountain A. 
viridis . . European Green A. 

Often confused with American Green 
Alder. The name Alnus alnobetula has 
sometimes been used in nurseries for 
both the European and the American 
Green Alder. 

Hort. var. of Alnus: 

Cutleaf Alder (.4. glutinosa la- 

ciniata^ Cy) 
Featherleaf A. {A. incana pin- 

7iatifida'\ Cy) 
Redvein A. (A. glutinosa rubri- 

nervia^ Cy) 
Royal A. (A. g. imperialist Cy) 



10 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



ALOCASIA Alocasia 

indica Giant Taro 

macrorhiza . . Hawaiian Giant T. 
Hort. var. of A. macrorhiza: 

Mottled Taro (variegata) 
ALONSOA Maskflower 

acutifolia .... Lanceleaf M. 

linifolia Flaxleaf M. 

warscewiczi (grandiflora) 

Heartleaf M. 
Hort. var. of Alonsoa: 

White Maskflower (A. acutifolia 
candidal Cy; albiflora) 
ALOPECURUS 

pratensis . . Meadow Foxtail 

ALOYS I A LIPPIA 

Alpencress . . . Hutchinsia alpina 
Alpine Buckthorn, Alpine Fir, etc. 

See Buckthorn, Fir, etc. 
Alpine- azalea 

Loiseleuria procumbens 
ALPINIA Alpinia 

nutans Shellflower 

sanderae . . . Banded Alpinia 
Alport Heather (Calluna vulgaris 

alporti'\ Cy) 
Alsatian Pear . . Pyrus auricularis 
Alsike Clover . Trifolium hybridum 

ALSINE Ag . . . . STELLARIA 
ALSOPHILA Treefern 

australis .... Australian T. 

glauca (dealbata) 
ALSTROEMERIA . Alstroemeria 

aurantiaca (aurea) . Yellow A. 

brasiliensis . . . Brazilian A. 

chilensis Chilian A. 

pulchella (psittacina) . Parrot A. 

versicolor . ... Spotted A. 
Altai Columbine, Altai Rose, etc. 
See Columbine, Rose, etc. 

ALTERNANTHERA Ag 

TELANTHERA 

Alternanthera . . . Telanthera 

Copper A T. versicolor 

Garden A. . . . T. bettzickiana 
Pink A. Hort. var. of T. amoena 

ALTHAEA 

ficifolia . . . Figleaf Hollyhock 



ALTHAEA, continued 

frutcx .... Hibiscus syriacus 
officinalis .... Marshm allow 
rosea Hollyhock 

Hort. var. of A. rosea: 
Allegheny Hollyhock 
Newport Pink H. 

Althea 

Shrub-althe A : Hibiscus syriacus 

Altmann Honeysuckle 

Lonicera altmanni 

Alumroot Heuchera 

American A. . . . H. americana 
Coralbells . . . . H. sanguinea 

Hairy A H. villosa 

Marbled A. . . . H. pubescens 
PiNKBELLS .... H. brizoides 

ALYSSUM Alyssum 

argenteum Silver A. 

maritimum (Lobularia maritima 
Ag) .... Sweet Alyssum 

See also hort. var. list below. 

rostratum . . . . Yellowhbad A. 
saxatile Goldentuft 

See also hort. var. list below. 

Hort. var. of Alyssum, all of A. 

maritimum except the first: 
Dwarf Goldentuft {A. saxatile 

compactuin^ Cy) 
Lilac Queen 
Little Gem 
Rockmat (prociwibens) 
Tom Thumb (benthanii) 
Whitefleece 
Amabilis Dracena (Cordyline amab- 

ilis] Cy) 

Amaranth Amaranthus 

Blood A. {Amaranthus paniculatus 

cruentus\ CjO 
Bloodred Princesfeather {A . 

hypochondriacus sanguineus] Cy) 
Chameleon A. . A. salicifolius 
Ganges A. . . . A. gangeticus 
Globe-amaranth . Gomphrena 
Josephs-coat {A . gangeticus melan- 

cholicus] Cy) 
Love-lies-bleeding . A. caudatus 
Princesfeather 

A. hypochondriacus 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. 7T'Ah'c=synonyms or unapproved names. 



AMARANTH— AMMOBIUM . 



11 



Amaranth, continued 

Redleaf Love-lies-bleeding (ylm- 

aranthus caudatus atropurpu- 

reus] Cy) 

Russet A. . Amaranthus henderi 

Tassel A. ... A. paniculatus 

AMARANTHUS .... Amaranth 
atropurpureus 

Redleaf Love-lies-bleeding 

Hort. var. of A. caudatus. 

bicolor Josephs-coat 

Hort. var. of A. gangeticus. 

caudatus . . Love-lies-bleeding 

See also hort. var. list below. 

cruentus 

A name misapplied to Blood Amaranth 
and Bloodred Princesfeather. See hort 
var. list below. 

gangeticus . Ganges Amaranth 

See also hort. var. list below. 

henderi Russet A. 

hypochondriacus Princesfeather 

See also hort. var. list below. 

melancholicus . . Josephs-coat. 

Hort. var. of A. gangeticus. 

paniculatus . Tassel Amaranth 

See also hort. var. list below. 

salicifolius ... Chameleon A. 
tricolor Josephs-coat 

Hort. var. of A. gangeticus. 

Hort. var. of Amaranthus: 
Blood Amaranth (A. paniculatus 

cruentus'\ Cy) 
Bloodred Princesfeather (A. 

hypochondriacus sanguineus'\ Cy) 
Josephs-coat {A . gangeticus melan- 

cholicus\ Cy; bicolor; tricolor) 
Redleaf Love-lies-bleeding (A. 

caudatus atropurpureus] Cy) 

AMARANTUS . AMARANTHUS 

AMARYLLIS 

alamasco . Zephyranthes atamasco 
belladonna . . Belladonna-lily 
equestris . Hippeastrum equestre 
formosissima 

Sprekelia formosissima 
halli .... Lycoris squamigera 
johnsoni . Hippeastrum johnsoni 

lutea Sternbergia lutea 

solandraeflora 

Hippeastrum solandriflorum 



AMARYLLIS, continued 

vittata . . Hippeastrum vittatum 

Amaryllis House-am a- 

RYLLis: Hippeastrum equestre 

Cluster-amaryllis . . Lycoris 
Amatungula . . Carissa bispinosa 
Amazonlily Eucharis 

Great A E. grandiflora 

Amazonvine . . . Stigmaphyllon 

Fringed A S. ciliatum 

Amber Choke cherry (Prunus virgin- 

iana leucocarpa] Cy) 

AMBERBOA Ag VOLUTARELLA 
Amberboa 
Spiny A. . . Volutarella muricata 

AMBROSIA 

mexicana . . Chenopodium botrys 

AMELANCHIER . . . {Serviceberry, 
Shadbush, Juneberry) Shadblow 

alnifolia Saskatoon 

— pumila . . . Dwarf Saskatoon 
amabilis . . . Snowy Shadblow 
bartramiana(oi?i^ocarpa)BARTRAMS. 
canadensis {botryapium) Downy S. 

grandiflora Apple S. 

humilis Low S. 

laevis Allegheny S. 

Often miscalled A. canadensis. 

oblongifolia (obovalis) . Thicket S. 
oligocarpa .... A. bartramiana 
ovalis (A. spicata Ar) 

Garden Shadblow 

pumila ... A. alnifolia pumila 

rotundifolia {vulgaris; A. ovalis Ar) 

European Shadblow 

sanguinea . . . Roundleaf S 

spicata A. ovalis 

stolonifera . Running Shadblow 

vulgaris A. rotundifolia 

American Beech, American Col- 
umbine, etc. See Beech, Col- 
umbine, etc. 

AMERIMNON . . . DALBERGIA 

Amethyst Aster, Amethyst Eryngo, 

etc. See Aster, E!ryngo, etc. 
AMIANTHIUM . . ZYGADENUS 

AMMOBIUM 

alatum . . Winged Everlasting 



Small Capita Ls=approved common names. Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (t) see page 1, 



12 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Hort. var. of Ammobium : 

Big Winged Everlasting {Ammo- 
bium alalum grandiflorum] Cy) 

AMMOPHILA . . Beachgrass 
arenaria Beachgrass 

Amoena Azalea, Amoena Phlox, etc. 
See Azalea, Phlox, etc. 

AMORPHA .... False-indigo 
canescens .... Leadplant 
fruticosa (/ragrrans) . .'Indigobush 
glabra {montnna) Mountain-indigo 
microphylla {nana) Dwarf-indigo 
tennesseensis Tennessee-indigo 

AMORPHOPHALLUS 

rivieri Devilstongue 

AMPELOPSIS 

Consult also the allied genera Cissus and 
Vitis. 

aconitifolia ( Vitis aconitifolia) 

Monkshood-vine 
— palmiloba 

arborea Peppervine 

brevipedunculata Ag-Ar 

A. heterophylla amurensis 
cordata {Vitis cor data) 

Heartleaf Ampelopsis 

dumetorum A. vitacea 

engebnanjii 

A. quinquefolia engelmanni 
henryana {Parthenocissus henryana 
Cy-Ag; Vitis henryana) 

Silvervein Creeper 
heterophylla {A. brevipeduncidata 
maximowiczi Ag-Ar; Vitis hetero- 
phylla) Porcelain Ampelopsis 
— amurensis {A. brevipedunculata 
Ag-Ar; V. brevipedunculata) 
Amur Ampelopsis 

See also hort. var. list below. 

humulif olia ( Vitis humulijolia) 

Hop A. 
hypoglauca {Vitis hypoglauca) 

The creeper sold by nurserymen under 
the name Ampelopsis hypoglauca is 
probably the plant known to botanists 
as Cissus hypoglauca. 

leeoides ..... A. watsoniana 

The true A. leeoides of botanists is not 
in the trade. 

lowi . . . Geranium Creeper 

Hort. var. of A. tricuspidata. 

megalophylla {Vitis megalophylla) 
Spikenard Ampelopsis 



AMPELOPSIS, continued 

muralis . A. quinquefolia murorum 

quinquefolia {Parthenocissus quin- 
quefolia Cy-Ag) 

Virginia Creeper 

— engelmanni (P. q. engehnanni 
Cy-Ag) . Engelmann Creeper 

— hirsuta (P. quinquefolia hirsuta 
Cy-Ag) .... Hairy Creeper 

— murorum (P. 5. murorum Cy-Ag; 
A. muralis) . . Wall Creeper 

— saintpauli (P. q. saintpauli Cy- 
Ag) ... St. Paul Creeper 

stricta 

Probably an erroneous name for Cissus 
striata. 

thomsoni {Parthenocissus thomsoni 
Cy-Ag; Vitis thomsoni) 

Thomson Creeper 
tricolor . . . Basket Ampelopsis 

Hort. var. of A. heterophylla. 

tricuspidata {Parthenocissus tricus- 
pidata Cy-Ag; veitchi) {Japanese 
Ivy, Boston Ivy) 

Japanese Creeper 

See also hort. var. list below. 

veitchi A. tricuspidata 

vitacea {Parthenocissus vitacea Cy- 
Ag; A. dumetorum) 

Thicket Creeper 
watsoniana {A. leeoides of nurser- 
ies) . . Ashleaf Ampelopsis 

Hort. var. of Ampelopsis: 

Basket A. {A. heterophylla elegans'\ 

Cy; tricolor) 
Geranium Creeper {A. tricuspi- 
data lowi; Parthenocissus tricus- 
pidata lowi Cy) 
Purple C. {A. t. purpurea; P. tri- 
cuspidata purpurea Cy) 
Ampelopsis 
Amur A Ampe- 
lopsis heterophylla amurensis 
Ashleaf A. . . . A. watsoniana 
Basket A. {Ampelopsis heterophylla 

elegans^ Cy; tricolor) 
Heartleaf A. ... A. cordata 

Hop A A. humulifolia 

Porcelain A. . . A. heterophylla 
Spikenard A. . A. megalophylla 



AMSONIA 



Amsonia 



AMSONIA— ANDROMEDA 



13 



AMSOMA, continued 

angustifolia {Amsonia ciliatn Ag) 

Feather Amsonia 
tabernaemontana (salicifolia; am- 
sonia) .... Willow Amsonia 

AmUI;ETPLANT 

India A. . . Putranjiva roxburghi 
Amur Daylily, Amur Maple, etc. 

See Daylily, Maple, etc. 
AMYGDALUS . . Peach. Almond 

For cultivated fruits see Almond, Nec- 
tarine, and Peach, in American Pomo- 
logical Society's List of Fruits and Nuts 
in Appendix. 

For ornamental horticultural varieties 
see list at the end of the species list below. 

chinensis 

This name is often misapplied to Prunus 
japonica and P. glandulosa. 

communis (Prunus communis Cy; 
P. amygdalus) .... Almond 

davidiana (P. davidiana Cy) 

Chinese Wild Peach 

nana {Prunus nana Cy) 

Russian Almond' 

persica (P.persica Cy; Persica vul- 
garis) Peach 

— nectarina (Prunus persica nuci- 
persica Cy; P. nucipersica) 

Nectarine 

— platycarpa (P. persica platycarpa 
Cy; P. platycarpa; P. persica 
compressa At) . . Flat Peach 

persicoides Almond P. 

See hort. var. list below. 

sibirica Prunus armeniaca sibirica 
triloba P. triloba 

This species was printed by accident as 
"Amygdalus triloba, Flowering Al- 
mond," in the 1917 Official Code of the 
American Joint Committee. It has 
never passed among nurserymen, how- 
ever, as an Amygdalus. Its horticul- 
tural variety, the Doubleflowering 
Plum, is in the trade under the proper 
species name, Prunus triloba. The 
common Flowering Almonds are horti- 
cultural varieties of P. glandulosa. 

Ornamental hort. var. of A. persica : 
Almond Peach (Prunus persi- 
coides Cy; P. amygdalo-persica 
Ar ; A mygdalus persica X com- 
munis) 
Bloodleaf p. (atropurpurea) 
Chrysanthemum P. (chrysanthema ; 
Persica chrysanthemum) 



AMYGDALUS, continued 

Double Red Peach (rubroplena) 
Double White P. (alboplena) 
Purpleleaf p. (purpurea) 
Redflowering p. (rubra; Persica 

rubra) 
Whiteflowering p. (alba; P. alba) 

ANACARDIUM 

occidentale Cashew 

AN AC MARIS ELODEA 

ANAGALLIS .... Pimpernel 
linifolia (grandiflora) Flaxleaf P. 

ANANAS 

sativus Pineapple 

For horticultural varieties see Pineapple 
in American Pomological Society's List 
of Fruits, in Appendix. 

ANAPHALIS 

margaritacea (Antennaria margar- 
itacea) . . Pearl Everlasting 
Anatolian BellfloWer 

Campanula macrostyla 
Anatto-tree .... Bixa orellana 
ANCHISTEA . WOODWARDIA 
Anchorplant . . . Colletia cruciata 
ANCHUSA BuGLOss 

barrelieri Early B. 

capensis Cape B. 

italica Italian B. 

See also hort var. list below. 

myosotidiflora . . . Siberian B. 

officinalis Common B. 

sempervirens . . Evergreen B. 
Hort. var. of Anchusa italica: 

Dropmore Bugloss 

Opal B. 
Andely Retinospora . (Chamaecypn- 

ris thyoides andelyensis] Cy) 
Anderson Speedwell 

Veronica andersoni 
ANDIRA Angelin 

The name of this genus under the Amer- 
ican Rules is \'ouacapoua. 

inermis (jamaicensis) 

Cabbage Angelin 
ANDROMEDA . . Bog-rosemary 
arborea . . Oxydendron arboreum 
calyculata 

Chamaedaphne calyculata 
catesbaei . Leucothoe catesbaei 



14 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



ANDROMEDA, continued 

coriacea Pieris lucida 

floribunda P- floribunda 

glaucophylla 

Downy Bog-rosemary 
. . Pieris japonica 
.... P. mariana 
.... P. lucida 
. . Bog-rosemary 
Leucothoe racemosa 
Zenobia pulvenilenta 



japonica 

mariana 

nitida 

polifolia 

racemosa 

speciosa 



Andromeda 

Japanese A. . . Pieris japonica 

Mountain A. . . .P. floribunda 
ANDROPOGON . . . Beardgrass 

halepensis . . Holcus halepensis 

saccharoides (A. argenteus Cy) 

Silver Beardgrass 

sorghum . . . Holcus sorghum 
ANEMONE Anemone 

apennina ..... Apennine A. 

canadensis (pennsylvanica) 

Meadow A. 

coronaria Poppy A. 

cylindrica Candle A. 

fulgens Flame A. 

hortensis Garden A. 

hupehensis 

japonica Japanese A 

See also hort. var. list below. 

nemorosa . . European Wood A. 

See also hort. var. list below, 

nuttalliana . A. patens nuttalliana 
patens . . Spreading Anemone 
— nuttalliana 

American Pasqueflower 
pennsylvanica . . A. canadensis 
Pulsatilla 

European Pasqueflower 

See also hort. var. list below. 

quinquefolia 

American Wood Anemone 
robinsoniana .... Robinson A. 

Hort. var. of A. nemorosa. 

sylvestris Snowtdrop A. 

vitifolia Grapeleaf A. 

Hort. var. of Anemone: 

Lady Ardilaun A. Hort. var. of 
A. japonica. 



ANEMONE (Hort. var.). continued 

Prince Heinrich Anemone. Hort. 

var. of A. japonica. 
Queen Charlotte A. Hort. var. 

of A. japonica. 
Red Pasqueflower {A. Pulsatilla 

rubral Cy) 
Robinson A. (A. nemorosa robin- 
soniana] Cy) 
Rose A. {A. japonica hybrida] Cy) 
Whirlwind A. {A. j. alba] Cy) 
White Pasqueflower {A. Pulsa- 
tilla alba) 

Anemone Anemone 

American Pasqueflower 

A. patens nuttalliana 
American Wood A. A. quinquefolia 
Apennine A. . . . A. apennina 

Candle A A. cylindrica 

European Pasqueflower 

A. Pulsatilla 
European Wood A. A. nemorosa 

Flame A A. fulgens 

Garden A A. hortensis 

Grapeleaf A A. vitifolia 

Japanese A. . . . A. japonica 
Lady Ardilaun A. Hort. var. of 

A. japonica. 
Me.\dow a. . . . A. canadensis 

Poppy A A. coronaria 

Prince Hetnrich A. Hort. var. 

of A. japonica. 
Queen Charlotte A. Hort. var. 

of A. japonica. 
Robinson A. {A. nemorosa robin- 
soniana] Cy) 
Rose A. (A. japonica hybrida] Cy) 

Rue A Anemo- 

nella: Anemonella thalictroides 
Snowdrop A. ... A. sylvestris 

Spreading A A. patens 

Whirlwind A. {Anemone japonica 
alba] Cy) 

Anemone Clematis 

Clematis montana 

ANEMONELLA . . . Anemonella 
thalictroides (Syndesmon thalic- 
troides Ag; Thalictrum anemo- 
noides) ..... Anemonella 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. JT'A?ic=synonyms or unapproved names. 



ANEMONOPSIS— ANTIRRHINUM 



15 



ANEMONOPSIS 

macrophylla 
ANEMOPAEGM A Ag BIGNONIA 
ANETHUM 

graveolens Dill 

ANGELICA Angelica 

atropurpurea . Purplestem A. 

curtisi Filmy A. 

villosa {Archangelica hirsuta) 

Hairy A. 
Angelin Andira 

CABBAGE A A. inermis 

ANGELONIA Angelonia 

grandiflora 
Angel-trumpet Datura suaveolens 
ANGIOPTERIS 

evecta 
ANGOPHORA . . . Gum-myrtle 

intermedia Kino G. 

lanceolata {A . costata Ag) Rusty G. 
ANHALONIUM . ARIOCARPUS 

lewini . . Lophophora williamsi 

williamsi L. williamsi 

Animated Oats . . . Avena sterilis 
Anise . . . Pimpinella; P. anisum 
Anise Magnolia 

Magnolia salicifolia 
Anisetree lUicium 

Japanese A. . . . I. anisatum 
ANISOSTICHUS Ag . BIGNONIA 
ANNONA 

cherimola Cherimoya 

For horticultural varieties of Cheri- 
moya see American Pomological So- 
ciety's L St of Fruits, in Appendix. 

diversifolia Ilama 

glabra Pond-apple 

muricata Soursop 

reticulata .... Custard-apple 
scleroderma 

Hardshell Custard-apple 

squamosa Sugar-apple 

Annual Chrysanthemum, Annual 
Stock, etc. See Chrysanthemum, 
Stock, etc. 
ANOMATHECA . LAPEYROUSIA 

ANONA ANNONA 

• ANOPTERIS 

hexagona (Pteris heterophylla Cy) 

Small CAPiTALS=approved common names. 



Hort. var. of Anopteris: 

MooRES Brake {Pteris heferophylla 
internata Cy). Hort. var. of A 
hexagona. 
Antelope-brush 

Purshia; P. tridentata 
ANTENNARIA .... Pussytoes 

dioica Common P. 

margaritacen 

Anaphalis margaritacea 

ANTHEMIS Camomile 

arabicus . . Cladanthus arabicus 
kelwayi . . . Kelway Camomile 

Hort. var. of A. tinctoria. 

nobilis Common C. 

tinctoria Yellow C. 

Hort. var. of Anthemis: 

Big Camomile {A. nobilis grandi- 

flora\ Cy) 
Kelway C. {tinctoria kelwayi) 
Pale C. {tinctoria pallida) 
White-rim C. {tinctoria alba) 

ANTHERICUM 

comosum . Chlorophytum comosum 

liliago St.Bernardlily 

liliastrum . . Paradisea liliastrum 
vittatum . Chlorophytum elatum 

ANTHRISCUS 
cerefolium Chervil 

ANTHURIUM . . . Anthurium 
andraeanum . . Flamingoflower 
crystallinum . Crystal Anthurium 

regale Royal A. 

scherzerianum . . . Common A. 

Hort. var. of A. scherzerianum: 
Bloodred Anthurium {A. s. san- 

guineum] Cy) 
Flesh A. (carneuni) 
Rose GAY A. {A. scherzerianum ro- 

sei<mt Cy) 
Whitecup a. {A. s. alburn^ Cy) 

ANTIGONON 

leptopus . . . Rosa-de-montana 

ANTIRRHINUM . . Snapdragon 

The Joint Committee has been unable to 
prepare an authentic list of the many 
horticultural varieties of Antirrhinum. 

coulterianum 

Chaparral Snapdragon 

Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (t) see page 1. 



16 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



ANTIRRHINUM, continued 

majus . . . Common Snapdragon 

maurandioides {A. antirrhiniflora 

Ag; Maurandia anlirrhini flora) 

Apennine Anemone 

^^^^» Anemone apennina 

APIOS 

tuberosa (Glycine apios Ag) 

»-r.xTT,, POTATOBEAN 

APIUM 

graveolens (Celeri graveolens Ag) 

... Celery 

Hort. var. oi Apium: 

Celeriac {Apium graveolens rapa- 
ceum-\ Cy) 
APLECTRUM .... Puttyroot 

hyemale Puttyroot 

APOCYNUM Dogbane 

androsaemifolium . Spreading D. 

cannabinum Hemp D. 

Apollo Fir 

Abies cephalonica apollinis 

APONOGETON 

The name of this genus under the Amer- 
ican Rules is Ouvirandra. 

distachyus . . Cape-pondweed 

fenestralis (Ouvirandra fenestralis 

Ag) Latticeleaf 

APOROCACTUS 

conzatti 

flagelliformis (Cereus flagelliformis) 
Rattail Cactus 

martianus (C. martianus Cy) 
Apple . . . Malus; M. sylvestris 

See also Crab. For cultivated varieties 
of Apple see American Pomological So- 
ciety's List of Fruits, in Appendix. 

Balsamapple 

Momordica; M. balsamina 
Bladeapple . Pereskia aculeata 
Chinese A. Malus prunifolia rinki 
Custard-apple . . Annona species 
Kei-apple .... Dovyalis caffra 
May apple .... Podophyllum 
Pineapple . . . Ananas sativus 
Pond- APPLE . . . Annona glabra 
Rose-apple 

Malabar-plum: Eugenia jambos 
Star- APPLE 

Chrysophyllum ; C. cainito 
Sugar-apple . Annona squamosa 
Vi-APPLE . . . Spondias cytherea 



Apple Gum, Apple Mint, etc. See 

Gum, Mint, etc. 
Apple-of-Peru 

Nicandra; N. physalodes 
Apricot . . Prunus ; P. armeniaca 

For cultivated varieties of Apricot see 
American Pomological Society's List of 
Fruits, in Appendix. 

Japanese A P. mume 

Purple A P. dasycarpa 

Siberian A. P. armeniaca sibirica 
Apricot Palm, Apricot Plum, etc. 

See Palm, Plum, etc. 
April Spirea . . Spiraea nudiflora 

AQUILEGIA Columbine 

akitensis Akita C. 

alpina Alpine C. 

See also hort. var. list below. 

caerulea Colorado C. 

The state flower of Colorado. 
See also hort. var. list below. 

californica . A. formosa tnincata 
canadensis American Columbine 
chrysantha Golden C. 

See also hort. var. list below. 

flabellata Fan C. 

See also hort. var. list below. 

formosa Sitka C. 

— truncata (californica) 

California C. 

glandulosa Altai C. 

haylodgensis . . Haylodge C. 
helenae Helen C. 

Hort. var. of A. caerulea. 

jaeschkani Redspur C. 

Hort. var. of A. chrysantha. 

nivea . . . Munstead White C. 

Hort. var. of A. vulgaris. 

olympica . . A. vulgaris olympica 
oxysepala . . Early Columbine 

sibirica Siberian C. 

skinneri Mexican C. 

stuarti Stuart C. 

truncata . . A. formosa truncata 
vervaeneana Vervaene Columbine 

Hort. var. of A. vulgaris. 

vulgaris .... European C. 
—olympica .... Olympic C. 

See also hort. var. list below. , 

Hort. var. of Aquilegia: 

Double European Columbine 
(vulgaris florepleno) 



AQUILEGIA— ARAUCARIA 



17 



AQUILEGIA (Hort. var.), continued 

Double Golden Columbine (.45m- 

legia chrysantha albaple7ia'\ Cy) 
Helen C. {A. caerulea helenae] Cy) 
Hybrid Colorado C. (^. caerulea 

hybridal Cy) 
MuNSTEAD White C. (A. vulgaris 

nivea] Cy) 
Redspur C. {A. chrysantha jaesch- 

kani] Cy) 
Vervaene C. {A. vulgaris ver- 

vaeneana\ Cy) 
White Alpine C. (Aquilegia alpina 

alba^ Cy) 
White Colorado C. (A. caerulea 

alba^ Cy) 
White Fan C. (A. flabellata nana- 

albat Cy) 
Arabian Coffee, Arabian Jasmine, 

etc. See Coffee, Jasmine, etc. 

ARABIS RocKCRESs 

albida Wallcress 

See also hort. var. list below. 

alpina . . . Alpine Rockcress 

See also hort. var. list below. 

mollis Downy R. 

muralis {A. rosea Ag) Italian R. 
Hort. var. of Arabis: 

Double Alpine Rockcress {A. 

alpina florepleno Cy ) 
Double Wallcress {A. albida 

florepleno Cy) 
Dwarf Alpine Rockcress {A. 
alpina nana compacta Cy) 
Arab-primrose . . Arnebia comuta 

ARACHIS Peanut 

hypogaea Peanut 

ARACHNIS 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

ARALIA Aralia 

The common name Aralia applies also 
to the allied genus Dizygotheca. 

balfouriana Polyscias balfouriana 
cachemirica (cashmeriana) 

Cashmere Aralia 
chabrieri Elaeodendron orientale 
chinensis . . . Chinese Aralia 
— glabrescens Smooth Chinese A. 
— mandshurica ( Dimorphanlkus 

mandshuricus) 
cordata Udo 



ARALIA, continued 

elegantissima 

Dizygotheca elegantissima 
filicifolia . . Polyscias filicifolia 

guilfoylei P. guilfoylei 

hispida .... Bristly Aralia 
japonica .... Fatsia japonica 
kerchoveana 

Dizygotheca kerchoveana 
mandshurica 

A. chinensis mandshurica 

maximowiczi Acantho- 

panax ricinifolium maximowiczi 
nudicaulis . . Wild-saksaparilla 
papyrifera Tetrapanax papyrifenim 
pentaphylla 

Acanthopanax pentaphyllum 
quinquefolia . Panax quinquefolium 
racemosa . American Spikenard 

sieboldi Fatsia japonica 

spinosa . . Devils-walkincstick 
veitchi . . . Dizygotheca veitchi 

Aralia Aralia 

American Spikenard A. racemosa 

Bristly A A. hispida 

Cashmere A. . . A. cachemirica 
Castor-aralia 

Acanthopanax ricinifolium 

Chinese A A. chinensis 

Devils-walkingstick 

Aralia spinosa 

False A Dizygotheca 

Kerchove a. . D. kerchoveana 
LiNELEAFA.Hort.var. of D. veitchi 
Smooth Chinese A. 

A. chinensis glatrescens 
Threadleaf A. 

Dizygotheca elegantissima 

Udo Aralia cordata 

Veitch a. . . Dizygotheca veitchi 
Wild Sarsaparilla 

Aralia nudicaulis 
.\ralia Polysci.as {Polyscias guil- 
foylei monstrosa'\ Cy) 
Arar-tree . Callitris quadrivalvis 

ARAUCARIA .... Araucaria 
araucana Ag ... A. imbricata 

bidwilli Bunya-bvnya 

brasiliana {brasilie7isis) 

Brazilian Araucaria 



18 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



ARAUCARIA, continued 

excelsa . . Norfolk-island-pine 

In the w-ild state this is a large timber- 
tree known as Norfolk-island-pine. In 
horticultural use it is grown in pots as a 
house plant. See hort. var. list below. 

imbricata (A. araucana Ag-Ar) 

MONKEYPUZZLE 

Hort. var. of Araucaria: 

Blue Araucaria (A. excelsa 
glauca-\ Cy) 

Emerald A. (A. rohusta^ Cy) 

SiLVERSTAR A. {AraucaHa excelsa 
albospica Ar) 
Arborvitae Thuja 

American A. . . T. occidentalis 

American Globe A. (T. occiden- 
talis globosa] Cy) 

American Green A. Hort. var. of 
T. occidentalis. 

American Pyramidal A. Hort. 
var. of T. occidentalis. 

American Weeping A. {T. oc. 
pendula] Cy) 

Berckmans Golden A. Hort. var. 
of T. orientalis. 

Columbia A. (T. occidentalis Col- 
umbia] Cy) 

Crested A. {T. oc. cristata] Cy) 

Diana A. {T. orientalis gracilis] Cy) 

Douglas Pyramidal A. Hort. var. 
of T. occidentalis. 

Dutch Globe A. Hort. var. of T. 
occidentalis. 

Evergolden a. {T. orientalis seni- 
peraurescens] Cy) 

False-arborvitae 

Thujopsis dolabrata 

Fernleaf a. Hort. var. of Thuja 
occidentalis. 

George Peabody A. (7". occiden- 
talis lutea] Cy) 

Giant A. . . . Thuja plicata 

Golden Oriental A. (T. orientalis 
aurea] Cy) 

Goldspire a. Hort. var. of T. 
orientalis. 

Goldspot a. (T. occidentalis aureo- 
variegata] Cy) 

Goldtwig a. {T. orientalis aureo- 
vnriegata] Cy) 



Arborvitae, continued 

Green Globe A. (Thuja occiden- 
talis pumila] Cy) 

Halfhigh A.{T.oc. intermedia] Cy) 

HovEY A. {T. oc. hoveiji] Cy) 

Korean A. . . Thuja koraiensis 

Little Gem A. Hort. var. of T. 
occidentalis. 

Little Globe A. (T. oc. nana] Cy) 

Moss A. (T. oc. plicata] Cy) 

Oriental A. . . Thuja orientalis 

Oriental Pyramidal A. (T. or- 
ientalis pyramidalis] Cy) 

Parsons A. (Thuja occidentalis 
compacta] Cy) 

Pompadour A. Hort. var. of T. 
orientalis. 

Pygmy A. (T. occidentalis. pyg- 
maea] Cy) 

Queen Victoria A. (T.oc. alba] Cy) 

Reid a. (T. oc. reidi] Cy) 

Rivers A. Hort. var. of Thuja 
occidentalis. 

Rosenthal A. Hort. var. of T. 
occidentalis. 

SiEBOLD A. (Thuja orientalis sie- 
boldi] Cy) 

Silver Oriental A. Hort. var. of 
T. orientalis. 

Spaeth A. (Thuja occidentalis 
spaethi] CjO 

Standish a. . . . Thuja standishi 

Threadleaf a. (T. occidentalis 
filiformis] Cy) 

Tom Thumb A. (T. oc. ellwangeri- 
ana] Cy) 

Variegated Oriental A. Hort. 
var. of T. orientalis. 

Vervaene a. (T. occidentalis ver- 
vaeneana] Cy) 

Ware A. (T. oc. wareana] Cy) 

Weeping Oriental A. (T. orien- 
talis pendula] Cy) 

Woodward A. (T. occidentalis wood- 
wardi] Cy) 

Yellow Column A. (T. orientalis 
elegantissima] Cy) 

ARBUTUS 
menziesi 
unedo . . 



. . . Madrone 
Stra\v^erry-tree 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. I T Alic=syiionynis or unapproved names. 



ARBUTUS— ARKANSAS 



19 



Arbutus 

Trailing- ARBUTUS 

Epigaea; E. repens 
Arch Spirea (Spiraea schinahecki] Cy ) 
ARCHANGELICA . . ANGELICA 
ARCHONTOPHOENIX 

The palms cultivated in California under 
this name are Loroma amethystina. The 
true Archontophoenix is not known to 
be in cultivation in the United States. 
See note under Loroma amethystina in 
the consolidated list of the genera and 
species of Palms under the heading 
PALM GENERA. 

Arctic Campion, Arctic Chrysan- 
themum, etc. See Campion, 
Chrysanthemum, etc. 

ARCTOSTAPHYLOS 

glauca . . . Great Manzanita 
tomentosa .... Woolly M. 
uva-ursi Bearberry 

ARCTOTIS Arctotis 

breviscapa .... Stemless A. 
grandis (A. stoechadifolia Ag) 

Bushy A. 

ARDISIA Ardisia 

The name of this genus under the Amer- 
ican Rules is Icacorea. 

crenulata .... Coral Ardisia 

pickeringia (Icacorea paniculata 

Ag) Marlberry 

Hort. var. of Ardisia: 

Variegated A. (A. crenulata varie- 
gata] Cy) 

ARECA Areca 

baueri . . . Rhopalostylis baueri 
catechu (A . cathecu Ag) Betel Palm 
lutescens 

Chrysalidocarpus lutescens 
rubra . . . Acanthophoenix rubra 
sapida . . . Rhopalostylis sapida 
verschaffelti Hyophorbe verschafifelti 

ARENARIA Sandwort 

balearica Corsican S. 

caespitosa Moss S. 

Hort. var. of A. verna. 

grandiflora Showy S. 

groenlandica . . Greenland S. 

montana Mountains. 

verna Tufted S. 

Small CAPiTALS^approved common names. 



Hort. var. of Arenaria: 

Moss Sandwort (A. verna caespi- 
tosa] Cy) 
Arends Phlox . , Phlox arendsi 

ARENGA 
saccharifera 

ARETHUSA 
bulbosa 

ARGEMONE 
grandiflora 
platyceras 
— hispida . 

ARGENTINA 
Argentine Jujube 



. Sugar Palm 

. . Arethusa 
. . Arethusa 

Pricklepoppy 

. . Showy P. 

Crested P. 

Hedgehog P. 

POTENTILLA 

Argentine 
MoNKEYCOMB etc. See Jujube, 

MONKEYCOMB, etC, 

ARGYREIA 

splendens Silver Morning-glory 

ARIOCARPUS . . . LiviNG-ROCK 

fissuratus (Anhaloniurn fissuratum; 

An. engelmanni) . Living-rock 

kotschoubeyanus (An. kotschoubey- 

anuni; An. sidcatum) 
Uoydi 
prismaticus (An. prismaticurn) 

Sevenstars 
retusus (An. retusum) 

COBBLERSTHUMB 

ARISAEMA 

dracontium .... Dragonroot 
fimbriatum .... Plume Calla 
triphyllum (In- 
dian-turnip) Jack-in-the-pulpit 
ARISTOLOCHIA 
brasiliensis macrophylla 

durior Ag-Ar A. sipho 

elegans Calicoflower 

grandiflora . . Pelicanflower 
— sturtevanti .... Great P. 
serpentaria Virginia Snakeroot 
sipho (A. macrophylla Cy; A. 
durior Ag-Ar) . Dutchmans-pipe 
sturtevanti 

A. grandiflora sturtevanti 
Arizona Cypress, Arizona Pine, etc. 

See Cypress, Pine, etc. 
Arkansas Buckeye, Arkansas Oak, 
etc. See Buckeye, Oak, etc. 



Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (t) see page 1. 



20 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Armand Clematis, Armand Pine, 
etc. See Clematis, Pine, etc. 

Armenian Bellflower, Armenian 
Cranesbill, etc. See Bell- 
flower, Cranesbill, etc. 

ARMERIA STATICE 

ARMORACIA Ag . RADICULA 

ARNEBIA 
cornuta Arab-primrose 

ARNICA Arnica 

montana Mountain A. 

Arnold Crab, Arnold Hawthorn, 

etc. See Crab, Hawthorn, etc. 
ARONIA Chokeberry 

arbutifolia (enjthrocarpa ; Pyrus 
nrbutifolia) . Red Chokeberry 

atropuq)urea {A. floribunda Ag) 
Purple Chokeberry 

erythrocarpa .... A. arbutifolia 

floribunda Ag . A. atropurpurea 

melanocarpa {nigra; Pyrus nigra) 
Black Chokeberry 

— elata Glossy C. 

— grandifolia . Great Black C. 

nigra A. melanocarpa 

ARPOPHYLLUM 

giganteum 

ARRHENATHERUM . Oatgrass 

bulbosum (Arrhenatherum elatius 

tuberosum Cy) Tuber Oatgrass 

elatius (Avena elatior) . . Tall O. 

Hort. v.ar. of Arrhenatherum: 

Variegated Oatgrass (bulbosum 
variegatum) 

Arrow Aster, Arrow Bamboo, etc. 
See Aster, Bamboo, etc. 

Arrow-arum Peltandra 

Virginia A P. undulata 

Arrowhe.\d Sagittaria 

Awl-leaf A S. subulata 

Beach A S. natans 

Common A S. latifolia 

Double Old-world A. Hort. var. 

of Sagittaria sagittifolia. 
Giant A. . . . S. montevidensis 
Longbarb a. . . . S. longiloba 
Old-world A. . . . S. sagittifolia 
Shortbeak a. . . . S. brevirostra 
Stiff A S. rigida 



Arrowhead Norway Spruce (Picea 

excelsa conical Cy) 
Arrowleaf Violet Viola sagittata 
Arrowroot ....... Maranta 

Bermuda A. . . M. arundinacea 
Arrowwood . . Viburnum dentatum 
ARTABOTRYS .... Tailgrape 

odoratissima . . Fragrant T. 
ARTEMISIA .... Wormwood 

abrotanum . . . Southernwood 
absinthium Common Wormwood 

annua Sweet W. 

arbuscula . . . Low Sagebrush 

dracunculus Tarragon 

frigida . . . Fringed Wormwood 

gracilis A. scoparia 

lactiflora . . . White Mug wort 

Hort. var. of A. vulgaris. 

montana (A. pedeniontana Ag) 

Piedmont Wormwood 

pontica Roman W. 

purshiana Cudweed W. 

sacrorum Russian W. 

scoparia (gracilis) . Oriental W. 

serrata Sawtooth W. 

stelleriana Beach W. 

tridentata Sagebrush 

vulgaris Mugwort 

Hort. var. of Artemisia: 

Summer-fir (Artemisia sacrorum 
viridis\ Cy) 

White Mugwort (lactiflora). Hort. 
var. of A. vulgaris. 

Artichoke . . . Cynara scolymus 

Jerusalem-artichoke (GirasoZe A r- 

tichoke) . Helianthus tuberosus 

ARTOCARPUS . . . Breadfruit 

incisa Breadfruit 

integrifolia (A. integra Ag) 

Jackfruit 

ARUM Arum 

crinitum Helicodiceros muscivorus 
dracunculus Dracunculus vulgaris 
italicum .... Italian Arum 
maculatum . . Lords-and-ladies 
palaestinum .... Black Calla 

Arum Arum 

Arrow-arum .... Peltandra 
Black Calla Arum palaestinum 

Italian A A. italicum 

IvY-ARUM . . . Scindapsus pictus 



ARUM— ASHLEAF 



21 



Arum, continued 

LORDS-AND-LADIES 

Arum maculatum 
Twist-arum 

Helicodiceros muscivorus 
Arum Wildginger Asarum arifolium 

ARUNCUS Goatsbeard 

astilboides .... Japanese G, 
Sylvester (aruncus; Spiraea arun- 
cus; S. humboldti) 

Common Goatsbeard 
Hort. var. of A. Sylvester: 

CuTLEAF Goatsbeard {A . s. kneiffi] 
Cy; Spiraea kneiffi) 

ARUNDINARIA 

auricoma {Bambusa auriconia) 

chrysantha {B. chrysantha) 

debilis 

falcata (B.falcata) 

NiNGALA Bamboo 

falconer! Falconer B. 

fastuosa (narihira; Bambusa faslu- 
osa Cy) . . Narihira Bamboo 
fortune! (B. fortunei) 

— viridis A. hum!l!s 

hinds! (B. erecta) Ramrod Bamboo 

hookerlana Hooker B. 

humiUs (fortunei viridis) 
japonlca (B. metake) . . Arrow B. 
macrosperma . . Southern Cane 
marmorea {B. marmorea) 

narihira A. fastuosa 

nitida 

nob!l!s 

pumlla {B. pmnila) 

simon! {B. simoni) 

See also hort. var. list below. 

tecta Small Cane 

veltch! {B. veitchi) 
Hort. var. of Arund!nar!a s!mon!: 
SiLVERSTRiPE Bamboo {viridistriato) 

ARUNDO 

donax Giant Reed 

Hort. var. of Arundo: 

Striped Giant Reed {A. donax 
variegata^ Cy) 

ASARUM Wildginger 

arlfoUum Arum W. 

canadense Canada W. 

reflexum Curly W. 



ASARUM, continued 

shuttleworth! {macranthum) 

Mottled Wildginger 
v!rg!n!cum ( Hexasiylis virginica) 

Heartleaf W. 

ASCLEPIAS Milkweed 

curassavica . . . Bloodflower 

hall! 

Incarnata . . Swamp Milkweed 

— rosea .... Pink Swamp M. 

pulchra Hairy M. 

rubra Red M. 

sulHvant! Smooth M. 

syrlaca Common M. 

tuberosa . . . Butterflyweed 
vert!c!llata Horsetail Milkweed 

Ash Fraxinus 

BiLTMORE A. . . F. biltmoreana 

Black A F. nigra 

Blue A. . . . F. quadrangulata 
California Shrub A. . F. dipetala 

Chinese A F. chinensis 

European A. . . . F. excelsior 

Flowering A F. omus 

Fragrant A. . . . F, cuspidata 
Golden European A. (F. excelsior 

aurea\ Cy) 
Golden Weeping A. {F. e. aurea- 

pendula\ Cy) 

Green A F. lanceolata 

Gregg A F. greggi 

Manchurian A. F. mandschurica 
Mountain-ash .... Sorbus 

Oregon A F. oregona 

Pax a F. paxiana 

Prickly- ash . . . Zanthoxylum 

Red a F. pennsylvanica 

Round LEAF A. . . F.rotundifolia 
Singleleaf a. ; . . F. anomala 

Syrian A F. syriaca 

Texas A F. texensis 

Turkestan A. . F. potamophila 
Weeping European A. (F. excelsior 

pendula^ Cy) 
Weeping Roundleaf A. {F. ro- 

tundifolia pendula'f Cy) 
White A F. americana 

Ashleaf Ampelopsis, Ashleaf Poly- 
pody, etc. See Ampelopsis, 
Polypody, etc. 



22 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Ashy Htorangea, Ashy Sunflower, 
etc. See Hydrangea, Sun- 
flower, etc. 
Asiatic Laburnum, Asiatic Moon- 
seed, etc. See Laburnum, 
Moonseed, etc. 

ASIMINA Papaw 

triloba Papaw 

ASPARAGUS .... Asparagus 
asparagoides (medeoloides ; Myrsi- 
phyllum asparagoides) 

Smilax Asparagus 
hlampiedi . . . Large Fern A. 

Hort. var. of A. plumosus. 

cooperi Cooper A. 

crispus {decumbens) . Drooping A. 
hatcheri Large Fern A. 

Hort. var. of A. plumosus. 

madagascariensis Madagascar A. 
medeoloides . . A. asparagoides 
nanus . Dwarf Fern Asparagus 

Hort. var. of A. plumosus. 

officinalis Garden A. 

plumosus Fern A. 

See also hort. var. list below. 

scandens Basket A. 

sprengeri Sprenger A. 

tenuissimus . . Wirestem Fern A. 

Hort. var. of A. plumosus. 

Hort. var. of ornamental Asparagus: 
Dwarf Fern Asparagus {A. plu- 
mosus nanwsf Cy) 
Large Fern A. (A. p. rohustus^ 

Cy; hlampiedi; hatcheri) 
Wirestem Fern A. {A. plumosus 
tenuissimus] Cy) 

Asparagus Asparagus 

Basket A A. scandens 

Cooper A A. cooperi 

Drooping A A. crispus 

Fern A A. plumosus 

Garden A A. officinalis 

Madagascar A. 

A. madagascariensis 
Smilax A. ... A. asparagoides 
Sprenger A. ... A. sprengeri 
Asparagus-bean Vigna sesquipedalis 
Asparagus-fern Fern As- 
paragus: Asparagus plumosus 
ASPASIA 

See ORCHID GENERA. 



Aspen 

Chinese A. . Populus adenopoda 

European A P. tremula 

Largetooth a. .p. grandidentata 
Quaking A. ... P. tremuloides 
Weeping A. {Populus tremula 
pendulaj Cy) 

ASPERULA Woodruff 

hexaphylla Misty W. 

odorata Sweet W. 

orientalis (azurea) Oriental W. 

Asphodel Asphodelus 

Branching A A. albus 

ASPHODELINE . . . Jacobs-rod 
lutea Common J. 

ASPHODELUS .... Asphodel 

albus Branching A. 

luteus .... Asphodeline lutea 

ASPIDISTRA .... Aspidistra 
lurida Common A. 

Hort. var. of Aspidistra: 

Striped Aspidistra (A. lurida 
variegata\ Cy) 

ASPIDIUM 
acrostichoides 

Polystichum acrostichoides 

aculeatum P. aculeatum 

bootti Dryopteris bootti 

brauni . . . Polystichum brauni 
cristatum . . Dryopteris cristata 

filixmas D. filixmas 

goldianum .... D. goldiana 
marginale .... D. marginalis 
munitum . Polystichum munitum 
noveboracense 

Dryopteris noveboracensis 
spinulosum . . . . D. spinulosa 

thelypteris D. thelypteris 

tsussimense 

Polystichum tsussimense 

ASPLENIUM .... Spleenwort 
acrostichoides Cy 

Athyrium pycnocarpon 
angustifolium CyAth. thelypteroides 
bulbiferum Mother Spleenwort 
ebeneum Asplenium platyneuron 
filixfemina Cy Athyrium filixf emina 
goringianum Cy . Ath. goringianum 
longissimimi 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. /T'^4h'c^synonyms or unapproved names 



ASPLENIUM— ASTER 



23 



ASPLENIUM, continued 

nidus (nidus-avis) Birdsnest Fern 

platyneuron (ebeneum) 

Ebony Spleenwort 

pycnocarpon Athyrium pycnocarpon 

thelypteroides . Ath. thelypteroides 

trichomanes 

Maidenhair Spleenwort 

viviparum 
ASSONIA Ag . . . DOMBEYA 
ASTER Aster 

acris 

— nanus 

albus A. amellus 

alpinus Rock Aster 

See also hort. var. list opposite. 

amellus (albus) . . . Italian A. 
— bessarabicus . Bessarabian A. 
amethystinus . . . Amethyst A. 

azureus Azure A. 

bessarabicus 

A. amellus bessarabicus 
bigelovi (townshendi) 

BiGELOw Aster 
chapmani .... Savannah A. 
cordifolius . . . Blue Wood A. 
corymbosus (A. divaricatus Ag) 

White Wood A. 

curtisi Curtis A. 

decorus A. laevis 

divaricatus Ag . . A. corymbosus 

ericoides Heath Aster 

formosissimus 

grandiflorus Great A. 

himalaicus (himalayensis) 

Himalayan A. 
incisus Ag . . Calimeris incisa 
laevis (decorus) . Smooth Aster 

lilacinus Lilac A. 

linosyris Ag . . Linosyris vulgaris 
longifolius . . Longleaf Aster 

maacki Hakone A. 

macrophyllus (polyphyllus) 

BiGLEAF A. 

multiflorus Wreath A. 

novae-angliae . New England A. 
— roseus Rosy New England A. 

novibelgi New York A. 

patens Sky-drop A. 

polyphyllus ... A. macrophyllus 

Small Capitals =approved common names. 



ASTER, continued 

ptarmicoides White Upland Aster 

puniceus Swamp A. 

sagittifolius Arrow A. 

shorti Georgia A. 

speciosus Big Rock A. 

Hort. var. of A. alpinus. The true A. 
speciosus of botanists is not in the trade. 

spectabilis . . . Seaside Aster 

subcaeruleus India A. 

tataricus T atari an A. 

thomsoni Thomson A. 

townshendi A. bigelovi 

tradescanti . Michaelmas Daisy 

trinervius 

turbinellus . . . Prairie Aster 

umbellatus .... Flat-top A. 

undulatus Wave A. 

versicolor 
Hort. var. of hardy Aster: 

For hort. var. of China-aster, see Cal- 
listephus. 

Big Rock (Aster alpinus specio- 

sust Cy) 
Cle.opatra 
Climax 
Cloudy Blue 
Collarette 
Edith Goodwin 
Feltham Blue 
Glory of Colwall 
LiL Fardell 
Mauve Cushion 
Peggy Ballard 
Robert Parker 
Snowflake 
St. Egwin 
The Queen 
Top Sawyer 
White Climax 
White New England. Hort. var. 

of A. novae-angliae. 
Aster Aster 

See also hort. var. list above. 

For hort. var. of China-aster, .see Cal- 

listephus. 
Amethyst A. A. amethystinus 

Arrow A. ... A. sagittifolius 

Azure A A. azureus 

Bessarabian A. 

A. amellus bessarabicus 



Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (t) see page I. 



24 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Aster, continued 

BiGELow A Aster bigelovi 

BiGLEAF A. . . .A. macrophyllus 
Blue Wood A. . . A. cordifolius 
China-aster 

Callistephus chinensis 

Curtis A A. curtisi 

Flat-top A. . . A. umbellatus 

Georgia A A. shorti 

Golden-aster .... Chrysopsis 

Great A A. grandiflorus 

Hakoxe a A. maacki 

Heath A A. ericoides 

Himalayan A. . A. himalaicus 
Int)Ia a. . . . A. subcaenileus 

Italian A A. amellus 

Lilac A A. lilacinus 

LoNGLEAF A. . . . A. longifolius 
Michaelmas Daisy A. tradescanti 
New England A. A. novae-angliae 
New York A. . . . A. novibelgi 
Prairie A. . . . A. turbinellus 

Rock A A. alpinus 

Rosy New England A. 

A. novae-angliae roseus 
Savannah A. ... A. chapmani 

Seaside A A. spectabilis 

Skydrop a A. patens 

Smooth A A. laevis 

Swamp A A. puniceus 

Tatarian A. . . . A. tataricus 
Thomson A. ... A. thomsoni 

Wave A A. undulatus 

White Upland A. A. ptarmicoides 
White Wood A. . A. corymbosus 

Wreath A A. multifloms 

ASTILBE AsTiLBE 

arendsi 

A name applied to a group of hybrids of 

A. davidi with other species. 

astilboides {Spiraea astilboides) 

Goatsbeard Astilbe 

chinensis Chinese A. 

compada . Dwarf Japanese A. 

Hort. var. of A. japonica. 

davidi {Spiraea davidi) . David A. 

grandis Great A. 

hyhrida A. rosea 

japonica . . Japanese Astilbe 

See also hort. var. list following. 

rosea {hyhrida) .... Rose A, 
simplicifolia Star A 



Hort. var. of Astilbe: 

Ceres 

Dwarf Japanese (A. japonica 
compacta\ Cy) 

Gruno 

Juno 

Moerheim 

Peach Blossom 

Pink Pearl 

Princess Juliana 

Queen Alexant)ra 

Rose Pearl 

Salland 

Salmon Queen 

Snowcloud {Astilbe japonica multi- 
flora^ Cy) 

Venus 

Vesta 

Washington 

W. E. Gladstone 
Astilbe Astilbe 

See also hort. var. list above. 

Chinese A A. chinensis 

David A A. davidi 

Goatsbeard A. . A. astilboides 

Great A A. grandis 

Japanese A. . . . A. japonica 

Rose A A. rosea 

Star A A. simplicifolia 

ASTRAGALUS . . . Milkvetch 
alopecuroides . . . Foxtail M. 

ASTRANTIA . . . Masterwort 
major Great M. 

ASTROPHYTUM . . Star Cactus 
capricomis {Echinocactus capricor- 

nis Cy) - _ 

myriostigma {Echinocactus myrio- 
stigma Cy) . . . Bishopshood 
omatum {E. ornaturn Cy) 

ATALANTIA 

trimera {Triphasia monophylla) 

Limeberry 

Atamasco-lily 

Zephyranthes atamasco 

ATAMOSCO . ZEPHYRANTHES 

ATHYRIUM 

filixfemina {Asplenium filixfemina 
Cy) Lady Fern 

goringianum {Asplenium goringi- 
anum Cy) Goring Spleenwort 



rmtEKn ubrakt 



ATHYRIUM— AZALEA 



25 



ATHYRIUM, continued 

pycnocarpon (Aspleniiim angusti- 
folium Cy; As. pycnocarpon) 

Narrowleaf Spleenwort 

thelypteroides {Asplenium acro- 

stichoides Cy; As. thelypteroides) 

Silvery Spleenwort 

Atlas Cedar . . Cednis atlantica 

ATRIPLEX Saltbush 

hortensis .... Garden Orach 

ATROPA Belladonna 

belladonna .... Belladonna 

AUBRIETIA AuBRiETiA 

deltoidea Common A. 

Hort. var. of A. deltoidea: 

Bougainville Aubrietia (A. d. 

hougainvilleif Cy) 
Campbell A. (A. d. campbelli\ Cy) 
Greek A. {A. d. graeca] Cy) 
Henderson A. {A. deltoidea hen- 

dersoni'\ Cy) 
Leichtlin a. (A. d. leichtlinij Cy) ^ 
Moerheim A. {A . d. 7noerheimi'\ Cy) 
Olympic A. {A. d. olympicn] Cy) 
Purple -LADY A. {A. deltoidea pur- 
purea] Cy) 
Trumpet A. {A. d. eyrei] Cy) 

AUCUBA AucuBA 

himalaica .... Himalayan A. 
japonica Japanese A. 

Hort. var. of Aucuba: 

GoLDDUST A. {Aucuba japonica 
variegata-\ Cy) 

AUDIBERTIA 

grandiflora {Ramona grandiflora 

Ag) Bee-sage 

polystachya {R. polystachya Ag) 

White B. 
Auricula . . . Primula auricula 
Alpine A. Hort. var. of P. auricula 
Australian Brake, Australian Lo- 
belia, etc. See Brake, Lobelia, 
etc. 
Australian-pea . Dolichos lignosus 
White A. Hort. var. of D. lignosus 
Austrian Flax, Austrian Pine, etc. 

See Flax, Pine, etc. 
Autumn Laburnum, Autumn Monks- 
hood, etc. See Laburnum, 
Monkshood, etc. 



Autumn-crocus .... Colchicum 
Common A C. autumnale 

AVENA Oats 

elatior . . Arrhenatherum elatius 

sativa Oats 

sterilis Animated O. 

AvENS Geum 

Bulgarian A. . . G. bulgaricum 

Chiloe a G. chiloense 

Double Crimson. Hort. var. of (i. 

chiloense. 
Japanese A. . . . G. japonicum 
Mountain A. . . . G. montanum 
Mrs. Bradshaw. Hort. var. of G. 

coccineum. 
Orange. Hort. var. of G. mon- 
tanum. 
Vermilion. Hort. var. of G. 
chiloense. 

AVERRHOA 

carambola .... Carambola 

Avocado .... Persea americana 
Trapp a P. leiogyna 

For horticultural varieties of Avocado 
see American Pomological Society's List 
of Fruits, in Appendix. 

AwL-LEAF Arrowhead 

Sagittaria subulata 

AXONOPUS compressus 

Carpet Grass 
AZALEA Azalea 

Azalea is retained as a genus name in 
accordance with the universal horticul- 
tural distinction between Azaleas and 
l^hododendrons, although leading bo- 
tanical authorities regard the distinction 
as of subgeneric rank and applj' the 
name Rhododendron to both groups, as 
is done in Bailey's Cyclopedia and in the 
Arnold Arboretum "Monograph of 
Azaleas," April 1-5, 1921. The latter is 
the most authoritative work on the iden- 
tification and classification of Azaleas, 
and for purposes of identification refer- 
ence is made to it and the names used 
therein are given in parentheses in the 
list below with the mark "Ar" added. No 
citation of Department of Agriculture 
preferred names is given in this genus. 

amoena (Rhododendron obtusum 
amoenum Cy-Ar) 

Amoena Azalea 

Although treated in Standardized Plant 
Names as a distinct species, in agree- 
ment with the Official Code of 1917. the 
Amoena Azalea is without doubt a horti- 



26 



STANDARDIZED FLANT NAMES 



AZALEA, eontmued 

cultural variety belonging to the Kur- 
ume group of cultivated Azaleas. See 
note under A. obtusa kiusiana. 

arborescens {R. arborescens Cy-Ar) 
Sweet Azalea 
atlantica (R. atlanticimi Ar)CoA&T A. 
hahaminaeflora A. indica rosaeflora 
calendulacea (^1. lutea Ag; R. 
calendidaceum Cy-Ar) 

Flame Azalea 
canadensis . . Rhodora canadensis 
canescens {R. canescens Ar; R. 
canescens Cy, in part) 

Piedmont Azalea 

The northern plant heretofore included 
under A. canescens of the South proves 
to be a distinct species named A. rosea. 

gandavensis {R. gandavense Ar) 

Ghent Azalea 

In horticultural usage these names have 
been loosely applied to hybrid Azaleas of 
a very ill-defined group. In the Arnold 
Arboretum Monograph the group, under 
the name Rhododendron gandavense, 
has apparently been restricted to forms 
which have been derived from the hy- 
bridization of A. pontica (R. luteum) 
with the different species of American 
Azaleas exclusive of A. occidentalis (R. 
occidentale) and "which cannot be 
traced to any of the binary hybrids but 
are apparently of more mixed and uncer- 
tain parentage." At times the Ghent 
Azaleas have passed under the Latin 
species name mortieri, mortieriana, or 
morteri. 

hinodegiri (hinodigiri) 

Hinodegiri Azalea 

Following the Official Code of 1917 
this book treats this plant as a dis- 
tinct species although it undoubtedly 
is a horticultural variety belonging to 
the Kurume group of cultivated Azaleas. 
See note under A. obtusa kiusiana. 

indica (R. indicum Cy-Ar) 

Indica Azalea 

The large-flowered greenhouse plants 
known as Indian Azaleas are apparently 
not derived from A. indica, but chiefly 
from A. simsi, which is a Chinese 
species. A indica is a Japanese species. 

— alba A. ledifolia 

— rosea . . . Sekidera Azalea 

See common-name list of Azalea on p. 27. 

— rosaeflora (A. balsaminaeflora; 
R. indicum rosiflorum Cy; R. 
indicum balsaminaejiorum Ar) 

Balsam Azalea 



AZALEA, continued 

japonica (Rhododendron jayonicum 

Cy-Ar) . . . Japanese Azalea 

— alba Amethyst A. 

See common-name list of Azalea on p. 27. 

— grandiflora swperba Sekidera A. 

iSee common-name list of Azalea on p. 27. 

kaempferi {R. kaempferi Cy; R. 
obtusum kaempferi Ar) 

Torch Azalea 

ledifolia (R. ledifolium Cy; R. mu- 
cronatum Ar; A. indica alba; A. 
alba; A. rosmarinifolia ; A. ledi- 
folia alba) . . . Snow Azalea 

— alba A. ledifolia 

— rosea . . . Sekidera Azalea 

See common-name list of Azalea on p. 27. 

linearifolia (R. linearifolium Cy- 
Ar) Spider Azalea 

lutea Ag A. calendulacea 

mollis {R. sinense Cy; R. molle Ar; 
A. sinensis) . Chinese Azalea 

This species, the true A. mollis of bota- 
nists, is rarely, if at all, in the trade. 
Varieties of it and of A. japonica, and 
hybrids between the two species, con- 
stitute the A. mollis of the trade. 

mortieri, 7nortieriana 

See note under A. gandavensis. 

nudiflora {R. nudiflorum Cy-Ar) 

Pinxterbloom 

obtusa {R. obtusum Cy-Ar) 

HiRYU Azalea 

— kiusiana {R. obtusum japonicum 
Ar) Kyushu Azalea 

This is the wild azalea, native in the 
mountains of the Japanese Island of 
Kyushu, from which have been derived, 
through long cultivation by the Japa- 
nese, especially at the town of Kurume, 
the many horticultural varieties now 
becoming known as Kurume Azaleas. 
To be classed in this group are the 
well-known magenta-colored Amoena, 
the crimson Hinodegiri, the scarlet 
Kirishima, and another scarlet variety 
called Hiryu. On this last-named va- 
riety was based the original description 
of Azalea obtusa. 

occidentalis (R. occidentale Cy-Ar) 
Western Azalea 
pentaphylla (R. pentaphyllum Ar) 

Fiveleaf a. 
phoenicea (R. phoeniceum Ar) 

Purple A. 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. I T Alic=synonyms or unapproved names. 



AZALEA 



27 



AZALEA, continued 

pontica(Rhododendron luteum Cy-Ar) 
Pontic Azalea 
poukhanensis (R. poukhanense Cy; 
R. yedoense poukhanense Ar; R. 
coreanum . . Korean Azalea 
quinquefolia {R. quinquefolium Cy- 
Ar) Cork Azalea 

rhombica {R. rhombicum Cy; R. 
reticulatum Ar) . Rose Azalea 
rosea {R. roseum Ar; R. canescens 
Cy, in part) 

Downy Pinxterbloom 

This is the more northern type of Azalea 
heretofore erroneously included under 
A. canescens, which is a southern species. 

rosmarinifolia .... A. ledifolia 
sanderi {R. sanderi Ar) 

Sander Azalea 

A name applied to a group of hybrids 
between forms of A. simsi and A. obtusa. 
The Latin name sanderi is herein dropped 
and replaced by Sander. 

schlippenbachi (R. schlippenbachi 

Cy-Ar) .... Royal Azalea 

serpyllifolia {R. serpyllifolimn Ar) 

WiLDTHYME AzALEA 

simsi Indian A. 

See note under A. indica. 

sinensis A. mollis 

speciosa (R. speciosum Ar) 
sublanceolata (R. sublanceolatum 
Cy; R. scabrum Ar) 

LucHU Azalea 
vaseyi (R. vaseyi Cy-Ar) 

Pinkshell a. 
viscosa {R. viscosum Cy-Ar) 

Swamp A. 

— glauca {R. viscosum glaucum 

Cy-Ar; A. viscosa fioribunda) 

Blueleaf Azalea 

yodogawa {R. poukhanense yodo- 

gawa Cy; R. yedoense Ar) 

Yodogawa Azalea 

Hort var. of Azalea: 

Because of the very large number of 
horticultural varieties in Azalea the 
common-name list and the hort. var. 
list have been combined in the special 
list opposite. 



Azalea Azalea 

Abbreviations indicating the name of 
the group to which a horticultural vari- 
ety is reported to belong are as follows: 
Alb. Albicans (occidentalis x mollis and 

other species). 
Gh. Ghent (hybrids of pontica, calen- 

dulacea, and other species). * 
Ind. Indian Azalea of commerce, appa- 
rently not derived from A. indica, but 
mostly from A. simsi. 
Kur. Kurume. See note under A. ob- 
tusa kiusiana in the Latin-name list. 
Led. Ledifolia. 

Mix. A group of double-flowered Aza- 
leas, hybrids between Ghent Azaleas 
and A. mollis and A. japonica, known 
in the trade as A. rustica flore pleno 
and designated in the Arnold Arbore- 
tum Monograph as R. mixtum. 
Mol. Mollis. This group, as usually 
and loosely classified in the trade and 
as classified here, consists of deriva- 
tives of A. mollis, A. japonica, and 
hybrids of these species. R. koster- 
ianum, given in the Arnold Arboretum 
Monograph as the accepted name for 
the Azalea mollis of the trade, consists 
only of hybrids of A. mollis — the Chi- 
nese species — and A. japonica, and 
does not include any of the non- 
hybrid varieties of these two species. 
Pho. Phoenicea. 
San. Sander (forms of simsi x obtusa ) 

Admirable. Mol. 

Admiral de Ruyter. Gh. 

Agemaki. Kur. 

Aid A, Mix. 

Aioi. Kur. 

Akadai. Kur. 

Albert. Ind. 

Alice. Ind. 

Alice Sargent. San. 

Alphonse Lavallee. Mol. 

Altaclare. Mollis X viscosa. 

Altaclarensis. 
America. Mattapan. 
Amethyst. Led. A. japonica alb/i; 

R. mucronatuni amethystinum Ar. 
Amoena a. Kur. A. amoena. 
Anthony Koster. Mol. 
Antigone. Ind. 
Apollo. Ind. 
Appeles. Mix. • 

Arethusa. Gh. 
Ariadne. Mix. 
Asagasumi. Kur. 
Asahi. Kur. 



MALL Capitals= approved common names. Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (t) see page 1. 



28 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Azalea, continued 

AsuKAGAWA. Kur. 
AuGUSTE Mechelynck. Gh. 

AURORE DE ROYGHEM. Gh. 

Aya Kammuri. Kur. 

Ayagoromo. Kur. 

AzrMA Kagami. Kur 

AzuMA Shibori. Kur. 

Balsam A. A. indica rosaeflora. 

Baron Constant Rebecque. Mol. 

Baron Edmond de Rothschild 
Mol. 

Barox N. de Rothschild. Ind. 

Baron Pycke. Mol. 

Bartholi Lazzari. Gh. 

Beaute Celeste. Gh. 

Benifude. Kur. 

Benigiri. Kur. 

Bernard Andre. Ind. 

Bernard Andre alba. White Ber- 
nard Ant)re. 

Betsy de Bruin. Mol. 

BijiNSUi. Kur. 

Bijou de Gendbrugge. Gh. 

Bijou des Amateurs. Gh 

Blondine. Gh. 

Blue LEAF A. A. viscosa glauca. 

Blush Beauty. Alb. Graciosa 

Blushing Bride. Ind. 

Borsig. Ind. 

Bouquet de Flore. Gh. 

Bouquet d'Orange. Mol. 

Bronze Unique. Gh. 

Brookline. San. 

Byron. Mix. 

Cardinal. Gh. 

Cardon. Gh. Cardoniana. 

Charlemagne. Gh. 

Charles Baumann. Gh. Direc- 
teur Charles Baumann. 

Charles Dickens. Mol.? 

Charles Encke. A form of the 
true A. indica. 

Charles Kekule. Mol. 

Charles Rogier. Gh.? 

Charmer. Ind. 

Chevacier de Re all Mol 

Chicago. Ind. 

Chinese A. A. mollis. 

Chiyono-akebono. Kur. 

Chromatella. Gh. 

C. Maarschalk. Mol. 



Azalea, continued 

Coast A. A. atlantica. 

Coccinea specios i. Ruddy Ghent 
CoMTE de Flandres. Gh. 
Comte de Gomer. Mol. 

COMTE DE QUINCEY. Mol. 

Comte de Papadopoli. Mol 
CoMTESSE DE Beaufort. Ind. 
CoMTEssE Eugenie de Kerchove. 

Ind. 
Consul Ceresole. Mol. 
Consul Pecher. Mol. 
Cork A. A. quinquefolia. 
Criterion. Ind. 
Cymodocee. Gh. 
Czarine. Mol. Tsarine. 
Daffodil. Gh. Nardssiflora. 
Davies. MoUis X viscosa. Davie>s. 
Daybreak. Ind. 
Decus Hortorum. Gh. 
De Schryver. Ind. De Schr>/ 

veriana. 
Deutsche Perle. Ind. 
Diamond. Ind. 
Directeur Charles Baumann. 

Charles Baumann. 
Dominique Vervaene. Ind. 

DOMINICO SCASSI. Gh. 

Double Vanhoutte. Gh. Van 

houttei florepleno. 
Downy Pinxterbloom A. rosea 
Dr. Leon Vignes. Mol. 
Dr. Moore. Ind. 
Dr. Reitenbach. Mol. 
Dr. Reval. Mol. 
Due DE Nassau. A form of A 

simsi. 
Due DE Provence. Gh. 
Duchess of Portland. Mol. 
Dulcinee. Gh? 
Easter Greetings. Ind. 
Ebenezer Pycke. Mol. 
Eclat ANTE. Ind. 
Edison. Gh. 

Eggebrecht. Ind. Eggebrechli . 
Elisabeth. Mol. 
Ellen Cuthbert. Mol. 
Emil Liebig. Ind. 
Emperei R Du Bresil. Ind. 
Empress of India. Ind. 
Ernest Bach. Mol. 
Ernest Eeckhaute. Ind. 



AZALEA 



29 



Azalea, continued 

Ernest Thiers. Ind. 
Esmeralda. Gh.? 
Exquisite. Alb. 
Fama. Gh. 
Fanny. Gh. 
Fanny Ivery. Ind. 
Fielder White. Ind. 
FiREFLAME. Gh. Iguaea nova. 
Firefly. San. Hexe. 
F.IVELEAF A. A. pentaphylla. 
F. J. Seddel. Mol. 
Flambeau. Ind. 
Flame A. A. calendulacea. 
Floradora. Mol.? 
Foster. Ind. Fosferiana 
Fragrans. Sweet Ghent. 
Franqois de Vos. Ind. 
Franz Van der Bom. Mol 
Frau Hermann Seidel. Ind. 
Fred de M erode. Gh.? 
Frere Orban. Gh.? 
Freya. Mix. 
Frisia. Mol. 
Fritz Quinou. Gh. 

FUDESUTEYAMA. Kur. 

FUERST CaMILLE VON ROHAN. Gh. 

FuERSTiN Baro Trysky. Ind. 
FujiMOYO. Led. 
FuTA-EKUBO. Kur. 
FuTAE-TSURU. Indica. 
Geant des Batailles. Gh. 
General Brialmont. Gh. 
General Coffinet. Gh. 
General Trauff. Gh. 
General Vetter. Mol. 
George Cuthbert. Mol. 
Ghent A. A. gandavensis. 
Gloria Mundi. Gh. 
Glory OF Boskoop. Mol. 
GosHO Zakura. Kur. 
Graciosa. Blush Beauty. 
Graf Alfred von Niepperg. Gh. 
Graf von Meran. Gh. 
Grandeur Triomphante. Gh. 
Grand Monarque. Gh. 
Guelder Rose. Gh. 
Hachi Katsugi. Kur. 
Haeren Lorraine. Ind. 
Haerens. Ind. Haerensi ma. 
Hagoromo. Kur. 
Hakata Shiro. Ind. 



Azalea, continued 

Hana Asobi. Kur. 

Hanaikada. Kur. 

Hatsugiri. Kur. 

Hatsuhinode. Kur. 

Havemeyer. San. 

Hebe. San. 

Helena. San. 

Helene Thelemann. Ind. 

Henri Conscience. Gh.? 

Hermione. San. 

Heureuse Surprise. Gh. 

Hexe. Firefly. 

Hilda 

Hilda Hedlund. San. 

HiNAMOYO. Kur. 

Hinodegiri a. Kur. A. hinodegiri. 

Hinodenotaka. Kur. 

HiNOTSUKASA. Kur. 

HiRYU A. Kur. A. obtusa. 

Holland Beauty. Mol. Mollis 

hollandia. 
Holm Lea. San. 
Ho wo. Kur. 
Howoden. Kur. 
HoRA. Mix. 

HORTULANUS WiTTE. Mol. 

Hugo Hardyze. Mix. 
Hugo Koster. Mol. 
Ignaeanova. Fireflame. 
Il Tasso. Mix. 
Ima Shojo. Kur. 
Imperatrice. Gh. 
Imperatrice des Indes. Ind. 
Indian A. A. simsi. 
Indica A. A. indica. 
Indica rosea. Sekidera. 
Irene Koster. Alb. 
Irohayama. Kur. 
Irusayama. Kur. 
Isabella Vanhoutte. Mol. 

IWATOKAGAMI. Kur. 

Japanese A. A. japonica. 
Japonica alba. Amethyst. 
Japonica grandiflora superba. Seki- 
dera. 
J. C. Van Tol. Mol. 
Jean Peeters. Ind. 
Jean Vervaene. Ind. 
Jeanne A. Koster. Mol. 
Jeannette K. Siemene. Mol. 
J. J. DE Vink. Mol. 



30 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Azalea, continued 

Johanna Gottschalk. Ind. 
John Gould Veitch. Ind. 
John Lewelyn. Ind. 
John Peters. Ind. 
Josephine Klinger, Gh. 
J . T. Lovett. Indica A. 

JULDA SCHIPP. Gh. 

Julia Second. Gh. Juliana novo 

Julius Caesar. Gh. 

Julius Roehrs. Ind. 

Juno. Alb. Magnifica. 

Jupiter. San. 

Kasane Kagaribi. Kur. 

Kasumigaseki. Kur. 

Katsuranohana. Kur. 

KiMiGAYO. Kur. 

KiNKUJAKU. Kur. 

KiRiN. Kur. 

KiRiSHiMA. Kur. 

KiRiTSL^o. Kur. 

KuMONO-UYE. Kur. 

KocHONO-MAi. Kur. 

KoNiSHiKi. Kur. 

Korean A. A. poukhanensis 

KuMONOHiMO. Kur. 

KUMONOHOMARE. Kur. 

KuRAiNOHiMO. Kur. 

KURENOSAKE. Kur. 

KuRENOYUKi. Kur. 

Kyushu A. A. obtusa kiusiana. 

Lady Roosevelt. Ind. 

Lavender. Ind.? Malvatica. 

La Victoire. Ind. 

Ledifolia rosea. Sekidera. 

Le Titien. Mix. 

Louis Aime Vanhoutte. Gh. 

liOUis Hellebuyck. Gh. 

Louisa Hunnewell. Mol. Mis6 

Louisa Hunnewell. 
Louise Couvelier. Ind. 
Louise Pynaert. Ind. 
Louise von Baden. Ind. 
LucHU A. A. sublanceolata. 
Macrantha. Red Salmon. 
Mme. Anthony Koster. Mol 
Mme. Arthur de Warelles. 

Mol. 
Mme. Camille Van Langenhove. 

Ind. 



Azalea, continued 

Mme. Caroline Lergelle 

d'Hanis. Mol. 
Mme. Charles Van Eeckhaute. 

Ind. 
Mme. Gustave Guillemot. Gh 
Mme. Herman Seidel. Ind. 
Mme. Iris Lefebre. Ind. 
Mme. John Haerens. Ind. 
Mme. Jos. Vervaene. Ind. 
Mme. L. Vanhoutte. Ind. 
Mme. Marie Louise. Kur.? 
Mme. Morreux. Ind. 
Mme. Petrick. Ind. 
Mme. Rorn. de Smet. Ind. 
Mme. Van der Cruyssen Ind. 
Madeleine. Ind. 
Magnifica. Juno. 
Malvatica. Lavender. 
Marconi. Mol. 
Margo Koster. Mol. 
Marie Louise. Ind. 
Marie Verschaffelt. Gh. 
Marquis of Lorne. Ind. 
Mars. San. 
Mary Koster. Mol. 
Mathilde. Gh. 
Mattapan. Led. America. 
Maxwell. Pho. 
Mecene. Mix. 
Melanie. Gh. 
Memoire de Louis Vanhoutte. 

Ind. 
Meteore. Gh. 
Milton. Mix. 
Mina Vanhoutte. Gh. 
Minerva. Gh. 
Minister Thorbecke. Ind. 
Miss E. Jarrett. Ind. 
Miss Louisa Hunnewell. Louisa 

Hunnewell. 
Miyagino. Kur. 
Miyakojishi. Kur. 
Mollis hollandia. Holland Beauty. 
MoNS. Thibaut. Ind. 
Mr. Desbois. Gh.? 
Mr. L. J. Endtz. Mol. 
Mrs. a. E. Endtz. Mol 
Mrs. Turner. Ind. 
Muriel. San. 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. /rAiic=synonyms or unapproved names. 



AZALEA 



31 



Azalea, continued 

MuRiLLO. Mix. 

Nancy Waterer. Gh. 
Naniwagata. Kur. 
Narcissiflora. Daffodil. 
Narumi Shibori. Kur. 
Natalie. San. 
Nero. Gh. 

NicoLAAS Beets Mol. 
NioBE. Ind. 

NiSHIKIGASANE. Kur. 

NiSHiKiNOMORi. Kur. 
Norma. Mix. 
OiMATSu. Kur. 

OiNOMESAME. Kur. 

Omoine. Kur. 

Omurasaki. Pho. 

Opherie. Gh. 

Optima. Gh. 

Oryukyu Shibori. Kur. 

OsARAKu. Kur. 

OsARAKU Seedling. Kur. 

Otome. Kur. 

Pallas. Gh. 

Paul Weber. Ind. 

Perfection. Gh. Perfecta. 

Perle de la Belgique. Ind. 

Pharailde Mathilde. Ind. 

Phidias. Mix. 

Phoebe. Mix. 

Piedmont A. A. canescens. 

Pink Pearl. Ind. 

Pinkshell a. a. vaseyi. 

Pinxterbloom. a. nudiflora. 

Pontic A. A. pontica. 

Praxiteles. Mix. 

President Ghellinck de Walle. 

Ind. 
President Oswald de Kerchove. 

Ind. 
President Victor den Hecke. 

Ind. 
Prince Baudouin. Gh. 
Prince Henri des Pays-Bas. Gh. 
Princesse Adrienne. Gh. 
Princess Alice. Ind. 
Princesse Clementine. Ind. 
Princesse d'Orange 
Professor Walters. Ind. 
Prof. W. Koster. Mol. 



Azalea, continued 

Pucella. Gh. 
Purple A. A. phoenicea. 
Queen Sophia. Mol. 
Queen Victoria. Gh. 
Racine. Mix. 
Raphael. Ind. 
Raphael de Smet. Gh. 
Rashomon. Kur. 
Redltght. Sanguinea. 
Red Salmon. Macrantha. 

The name Azalea macrantha of botanists 
is a synonym of the true A. indica, but 
the name Macrantha has been applied in 
the trade to a particular variety of that 
species, now known as Red Salmon. 

Reine des Pay-Bas. Ind. 
Remarquable. Gh. 
Rembrandt. Gh. 
Ribeira. Mix. 
Roi de Hollands. Ind. 
Roi DES Belges. Gh. 
Roi des Feux. Gh. 
Rosaeflora. Balsam. 
Rose A. A. rhombica. 
Rose Cherry. Gh. 
Rose Marie. Gh. 
Rose Queen. San. 
Rosea. Sekidera. 

For the true Azalea rosea of botanists, 
which is a different plant, see the Latin- 
name list on page 27. 

Rosette. Gh. 

Rosiflora. Balsam. 

Royal A. A. schlippenbachi. 

Ruby. San. 

Ruddy Ghent. Gh. Coccinea spe- 

ciosa. 
RuDYARD Kipling. Mol. 
Sakon. Kur. 
Sakuntula. Ind. 
Sakura Tsukasa. Kur. 
Sakuragasane. Kur. 
Sander 

See note under Azalea sanderi in the 
Latin-name list on page 27. 

Sang de Gandbrugge. Gh. 
Sanguinea. Redlight. 
Saotome. Kur. 
Sebastopol. Mol. 
Seikai. Kur. 



Small CAPiTALS==approved common names. Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (t) see page 1. 



32 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Azalea, continued 

Sekidera. Led. A. indica rosea; 
A. ledifolia rosea; A. japonica 
grandiflora superha; R. niucro- 
natum sekidera Ar. 

Sheba. Alb. Superha. 

Shin Seikai. Kur. 

Shin Tobinohagasane. Kur. 

Shin Utena. Kur. 

Shirataki. Kur. 

Shiro Botan. Kur. 

SiGISMUND RuCKER. lud. 

Simon Mardner. Ind. 

Snow A. A. ledifolia. 

SoLEiL d'Orange. Gh. 

Souv. DE Louis Vanhoutte. Gh.? 

Souv. Du Prince Albert. Ind. 

Spider A. A. linearifolia. 

Stella. Ind. 

SuETSUMU. Kur. 

SuGANO-iTO. Kur. 

Sui YoHi. Kur. 

Superha. Sheba. 

SuRUGA Manyo. Kur. 

Suzuki. San. 

Swamp A. A. viscosa. 

Sweet A. A. arborescens. 

Sweet Ghent. Gh. Fragrans. 

Tagono-ura. Kur. 

Takasago. Kur. 

Tamafuyo. Kur. 

Tamanotaka. Kur. 

Tamano-utena. Kur. 

Tancho. Kur. 

Tebotan. Kur. 

Temperance. Ind. 

Terukimi. Kur. 

The Bride. Simsi X indica. 

Theodore Reimers. Ind. 

Tobinohagasane. Kur. 

Torch A. A. kaempferi. 

Tricolor Van Aken. Gh. 

Tsarine. Czarine. 

Tsuta Momiji. Kur. 

TUBANTIA. Mol. 

Uchiwagasane. Kur. 
Ukamuse. Kur. 
Ummu. Kur. 
Uncas. San. 
Unique. Gh. 
Van Dyck. Mix. 



Azalea, continued 

Vanhouttei florepleno. Double 
Vanhoutte. 

Velasquez. Mix. 

Venus. San. 

Vervaene. Ind. Vervaeneana. 

Vervaeneana alha. White Ver- 
vaene. 

Victoria. Mol. 

ViRGILE. Mix. 

Viscosa florihunda. Blueleaf. 

Vivid. San. 

Vulcan. San. 

VuYLSTEKE. San. Vuylstekeana. 

Waka Kayede. Kur. 

W. E. Gladstone. Mol. 

W. E. Gumbleton. Mol. 

Western A. A. occidentalis. 

White Bernard Andre. Ind. 

White Vervaene. Ind. Vervae- 
neana alha. 

Wildthyme a. a. serpyllifolia. 

William III. Gh. 

Wilson Saunders. Ind. 

Yachiyo Kur. 

Yamato Botan. Kur. 

Yayegiri. Kur. 

Yayehime. Kur. 

Yayehiryu. Kur. 

Yezonishiki. Kur. 

Yodogawa a. a. yodogawa. 

YoROzuYO. Kur. 

Zeelandia. Mol. 

AZARA Azara 

gilliesi Golden A. 

microphylla .... Boxleaf A 

AZOLLA 
caroliniana 

Azores Bellflower, Azores Jas- 
mine, etc. See Bellflower, 
Jasmine, etc. 

Aztec Dahlia, Aztec Marigold, etc. 
See Dahlia, Marigold, etc. 

Azure Aster, Azure Fir, etc. See 
Aster, Fir, etc. 

Baby Hawthorn, Baby Primrose, 
etc. See Hawthorn, Primrose, 
etc. 

Baby-blue-eyes 

Nemophila menziesi insignis 



BABYLON— BAMBOO 



33 



Babylon Weeping Willow 

Salix babylonica 
Babysbreath Gypsophila paniculata 
Double B. Hort. var. of G. panicu- 
lata. 
BACCHARIS 
genistelloides 
halimifolia . . Groundselbush 

pilularis Kidneywort 

Bachelor Button 

Cornflower: Centaurea cyanus 
BACTRIS .... Spiny Club Palm 
major Cy . . Pyrenoglyphis major 
minor 

BAERIA GOLDFIELDS 

gracilis Slender G. 

Baikal Skullcap 

Scutellaria baicalensis 
Bailey Dogwood . Cornus baileyi 
Bairnsdale Grai-box 

Eucalyptus bosistoana 
Baker Iris .... Iris bakeriana 
Bald Acacia . . . Acacia neriifolia 

Baldcypress Taxodium 

Common B T. distichum 

Montezuma B. . T. mucronatum 

Pondcypress . . . T. ascendens 

Weeping P. Hort. var. of T. 

ascendens. 

Bald-hip Rose . Rosa gymnocarpa 

Baldwin Ironweed 

Vernonia baldwini 
Balfour Polyscias 

Polyscias balfouriana 
Balkan Daphne, Balkan Maple, 

etc. See Daphne, Maple, etc. 
Ballfern .... Davallia bullata 
Balloonflower 

Platycodon grandiflorum 
Japanese B. (P. g . japonicum] Cy) 
Maries B. {P.g. mariesi] Cy) 
White B. (P. g. alburn^ Cy) 
Balloonvine 

Cardiospermum halicacabum 

Balm Melissa 

Beebalm Monarda 

Canarybalm Cedronella triphylla 
Common B. . . Melissa officinalis 
Horsebalm CoUinsonia canadensis 
Molucca-balm 

Moluccella; M. laevis 



Balm-of-Gilead Poplar 

Populus candicans 
Balsam 
Garden B. Impatiens balsamina 

Liver-balsam Erinus 

Balsam Azalea, Balsam Fir, etc. 

See Azalea, Fir, etc. 
Balsamapple 

Momordica; M. balsamina 
Balsam-of-Peru Toluifera pereirae 
Balsam-pear Momordica charantia 
Baltz Flowering Quince. Hort. 

var. of Cydonia japonica. 
Bamboo 

For consnlidatcil list of the genera, 
species, and varieties of Bamboo and 
Cane, see BAMBOO GENERA on p. :i4. 

Alphonse Karr B. Hort. var. of 

Bambusa nana. 
Arrow B. . Arundinaria japonica 
Beauty B. . Bambusa tessellata 
Black B. Hort. var. of Phyllo- 

stachys nigra. 
Blackjoint B. Phyllostachys nigra 
Blackspot B. (P. 71. -punctata] Cy) 
Cane 

Dwarf C. 

Phyllostachys ruscifolia 

Small C. . . Arundinaria tecta 

Southern C. . A. macrosperma 

Carpet B. . . Bambusa pygmaea 

Castillo B. {Phyllostachys hamhu- 

soides castilloKis-\) 
Falconer B. Arundinaria falconer! 
Feather B. . . Bambusa vulgaris 

Fern B B. disticha 

Giant B Dendrocalamus 

Golden B. (Bambusa vulgaris au- 

reovariegata] Cy) 
Golden Japanese B. (Phyllo- 
stachys bambusoides aurea]) 
Hamilton B. 

Dendrocalamus hamiltoni 

Hedge B Bambusa nana 

Hemp B. Dendrocalamus latiflorus 
Hooker B. Arundinaria hookeriana 
Japanese Timber B. 

Phyllostachys bambusoides 
Male B. Dendrocalamus strictus 
Moso B. . . Phyllostachys mitis 
Narihira B. Arundinaria fastuosa 
NiNGALA B A. falcata 



34 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Bamboo, continued 

Ramrod B. . . Arundinaria hindsi 
Silver B. . . Bambusa argentea 
SiLVEB STRIPE B. Hort. var. of 

Arimdinaria simoni. 
Square B. Bambusa quadrangularis 
Violet B. Phyllostachys violescens 
Wrinkled B. (P. bamhusoides mar- 

liacea^) 

For consolidated list of the genera, 
species, and varieties of Bamboo and 
Cane, see BAMBOO GENERA below. 

Bamboo Ferx Coniogramme japonica 
BAMBOO GENERA 

For convenience of reference the genera, 
species, and varieties of Bamboo and 
Cane are here brought together in one 
consolidated list. 

ARUNDINARIA 

auricoma {Bambusa auricoma) 

chrysantha {B. chrysantha) 

debilis 

falcata (B.falcata) 

Ningala Bamboo 

falconer! Falconer B. 

fastuosa (narihira; Bambusa fastu- 
osa Cy; B. narihira) 

Narihira Bamboo 
fortune! (B. Jortunei) 

— viridis A. hum!l!s 

h!ndsi {B. ereda) Ramrod Bamboo 

hooker!ana Hooker B. 

humias {fortunei viridis) 
japon!ca (B. metake) Arrow B. 
macrosperma . . Southern Cane 
marmorea {B. marmorea) 

narihira A. fastuosa 

n!t!da 

nobiUs 

pumila {B. purnila) 

simon! {B. simoni) 

See also hort. var. list below. 

tecta Small Cane 

ve!tch! (B. veitchi) 
Hort. var. of Arund!nar!a simon!: 

Silverstripe Bamboo {viridistriata ; 

Bambusa viridistriata ) 

BAMBUSA 

alphonsei Alphonse Karr Bamboo 

Hort. var. of B. nana. 

angust!fol!a (vilmorini) 



BAMBOO GENERA (BAMBUSA), cont. 

argentea .... Silver Bamboo 
arundinacea 

Golden Japanese B. 

of Phyllostachys bambu- 



Arund!nar!a aur!coma 

. . Castillo Bamboo 

of Phyllostachys bambu- 



aurea . . . 

Hort. var. 
soides. 

auricoma . 
castillonis . 

Hort. var. 

soides. 

chrysantha Arund!nar!a chrysantha 

d!sticha Fern Bamboo 

erecta .... Arundinaria h!ndsi 

falcata A. falcata 

fastuosa Cy. . Arund!naria fastuosa 

fortunei A. fortunei 

henonis . . . Phyllostachys nigra 
marmorea . Arundinaria marmorea 
mazeli Golden Japanese Bamboo 

Hort. var. of Phyllostachys bamhu- 
soides. 

metake . . Arundinaria japonica 
?nitis .... Phyllostachys mitis 
nana Hedge Bamboo 

The name B. nana is often misapplied to 

B. disticha. 

See also hort. var. list below. 



narihira 
nigra . 
palmata 
pumila 
pygmaea 



Arundinaria fastuosa 
. Phyllostachys nigra 



Arundinaria pumila 

Carpet Bamboo 
quadrangularis .... Square B. 
quilioi Phyllostachys bambusoides 
ragamou'ski . Bambusa tessellata 
simoni . . . Arundinaria simoni 
tessellata {ragamowski) 

Beauty Bamboo 
veitchi . . . Arundinaria veitchi 
vilmorini . Bambusa angustifolia 
viminalis Phyllostachys ruscifolia 

violescens P. violescens 

viridi-glaucesce ns 

P. viridi-glaucescens 
viridistriata Silverstripe Bamboo 

Hort. var. of Arundinaria simoni. 

vulgaris Feather B. 

See also hort. var. hst below. 



Hort. var. of Bambusa : 
Alphonse Karr Bamboo. 
var. of B. nana. 



Hort, 



BOLD-face^approved scientific names. JT'ylhc=synonyms or unapproved names. 



BAMBOO GENERA— BARBERRY 



35 



BAMBOO GEN. (BAMBUSA, Hort. var.), 
continued 

Golden Bamboo (Bctmbusa vulgaris 

aureovariegata] Cy) 

CEPHALOSTACHYUM 
pergracile 

DENDROCALAMUS 

Giant Bamboo 

hamiltoni Hamilton B. 

latiflorus Hemp B. 

membranaceus 

strictus Male B. 

PHYLLOSTACHYS 

aurea Cy Golden Japanese Bamboo 

Hort. var. of P. banibusoides. 

bambusoides (quilioi; Bambusa qui- 
lioi) Japanese Timber Bamboo 

See also hort. var. list below. 

castillonis Cy .... Castillo B. 

Hort. var. of P. bambusoides. 

edulis P. mitis 

henonis Cy P. nigra 

marliacea Cy . Wrinkled Bamboo 

Hort. var. of P. bambusoides. 

mitis {puhescens; edulis; Bcmibiisa 
mitis) .... Moso Bamboo 

nigra (P. henonis Cy; puberula; 
Bambusa henonis; B. nigra) 

Blackjoint Bamboo 

The name Phyllostachys nigra is of- 
ten applied, erroneously, to Black Bam- 
boo, hort. var. of Blackjoint Bamboo. 
See hort. var. list below. 

puberula P. nigra 

pubescens P. mitis 

quilioi .... P. bambusoides 
ruscifolia (Bambusa viminalis) 

Dwarf Cane 
violescens {B. violescens) 

Violet Bamboo 
viridi-glaucescens (B. viridi-glau- 
cescens) 

Hort. var. of Phyllostachys : 

Black Bamboo (P. 7iigra Cy). 

Hort. var. of P. nigra. 
Blackspot B. (P. n. punctata] Cy) 
Castillo B. (P. bambusoides cas- 
tillonis]; P. castillonis Cy; Bam- 
busa castillonis) 

Small CAPiTALS=approved common names. 



BAMBOO GEN. (PHYLLOSTACHYS, Hort. 
var.), continued 

Golden Japanese Bamboo (P. bam- 
busoides auren]; P. aurea Cy; 
Bambusri aurea; B. mazeli) 

Wrinkled B. (P. bambusoides mar- 
liacea]; P. marliacea Cy) 
BAMBUSA 

See under BAMBOO GENERA above. 

Banana Musa 

Abyssinian B. . . . M. ensete 
Cavendish B. . . M. cavendishi 
Common B M. sapientum 

For horticultural varieties see Banana 
in American Pomological Society's List 
of Fruits, in Appendix. 

Banana Copperleaf, Banana Yucca, 
etc. See Copperleaf, Yucca, etc. 
Banana-shrub Michelia fuscata 

Banat Campion . . Silene asterias 
Banded Alpinia, Banded Kalmia, 

etc. See Alpinia, Kalmia, etc. 
Baneberry Actaea 

Black B A. spicata 

Red B A. rubra 

White B A. alba 

Bangalay . . Eucalyptus bDtryoides 
Bank Raspberry . Rubus palmatus 
BANKSIA Ag .... PIMELEA 

ferruginea Ag . . . P. ferruginea 
Banksian Rose . . Rosa banksiae 
BAPHIA 

racemosa Camwood 

BAPTISIA Wild-indigo 

australis Blue W. 

bracteata Cream W. 

leucantha White W. 

tinctoria Yellow W. 

Barbados Maidenhair. Hort. var. 

of Adiantum tenerum. 
BARBAREA . . . Wintercress 

praecox {Campe verna Ag) 

Early W. 

vulgaris (C. barbarea Ag) Bitter W. 
Barbary Matrimony- vine 

Lyciimi barbarum 
Barberry Berberis 

Allegheny B. . . B. canadensis 

Amur B B. amurensis 

Black B B. gagnepaini 

Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (f) see page 1. 



36 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Barberry, continued 

Box B. {Berheris thunhergi minor] 

Cy) , . 

Broadleaf B. {Berheris neuberti 

latifolia] Cy) 
Chalkleaf B. Berbensdictyophylla 

Chilian B B. hakeoides 

Chinese B B. sinensis 

Colorado B B. fendlen 

Coral B. B. thunbergi maximowiczi 

Crow B B. empetrifolia 

Currant B. {B. vulgaris dulcis] Cy) 

Darwin B B. darwini 

European B B. vulgaris 

Hakodate B. B. amurensis japonica 
Himalayan B. . . . B. asiatica 

Holly B B. ilicifolia 

Japanese B. . . . B. thunbergi 

Kansu B B. diaphana 

Korean B B. koreana 

Magellan B. . . . B. buxifolia 
Neubert B. (B. neuberti] Cy) 

Poiret B B. poireti 

Pratt B. . . B. aggregata pratti 
Purple B. (5. vulgaris atropur- 

purea] Cy) 
Rosemary B. . . B. stenophylla 

Salmon B B. aggregata 

Sargent B. . . B. sargentiana 
ShortclusterB. B. brevipaniculata 

Siebold B B. sieboldi 

Threespine B. B. triacanthophora 
^'uRKESTAN B. . . . B. heteropoda 

Verna B B. vernae 

Warty B. . . . B. verruculosa 

Wilson B B. wilsonae 

Wintergreen B. . . B. julianae 

Barclay Maurandia 

Maurandia barclaiana 
BARKER! A . . EPIDENDRUM 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

Barley .... Hordeum vulgar e 
Barlow Larkspur (Delphinium hy- 

hridum harlowi] Cy) 
Barnum Iris . . . Iris barnumae 
Barrel Cactus .... Arizona W a- 
ter Cactus: Ferocactus wislizeni 
Barren-strawberry 

Waldsteinia fragarioides 

Barry Hawthorn, Barry Spruce, 

etc. See Hawthorn, Spruce, etc. 



BARTONIA 

aurea Mentzelia aurea 

Bartram Shadblow 

Amelanchier bartramiana 

Basil Ocimum 

Sweet B O. basilicum 

Basket Ampelopsis, Basket Aspar- 
agus, etc. See Ampe^psis, As- 
paragus, etc. 
Basketflower Centaurea americana 
Basswood Ameri- 
can Linden: Tilia american 
Bastard Speedwell Veronica spuria 
Bastardbox . Eucalpytus goniocalyx 
Basuto Crimson-fla(; 

Schizostylis coccinea 
Batemann Lily Lilium batemanniae 
BATEMANNIA 

hurti Zygopetalum burti 

Bauer Palm . Rhopalostylis baueri 

BAUHINIA Bauhinia 

acuminata Snowy B. 

forficata Bell B. 

monandra (B. kappleri Cy; B. 
krugi) . Butterfly Bauh nia 

picta Mottled B. 

purpurea Purple B. 

racemosa 

tomentosa . . St. Thomas Tree 

vahli Malu-creeper 

variegata . Buddhist Bauhinia 
Hort. v^ar. of Bauhinia: 

Green vein Bauhinia {B. variegata 
Candida] Cy) 
Baumann Horsechestnut (Aesculus 

hippocastanum baumanni] Cy) 
Bay 

Loblolly-bay Gordonia lasianthus 
M.^deira-bay . . Persea indica 

Redbay P. borbonia 

Sweetbay . . Magnolia glauca 
Bay Forget-me-not . Myosotis laxa 

Bayberry Myrica 

Northern B. . . M. carolinensis 
Southern Waxmyrtle M. cerifera 

Sweetgale M. gale 

Waxmyrtle Myrica 

Bayonet 

Spanish-bayonet Yucca treculeana 

Beach Arrowhead, Beach Plum, 

etc. See Arrowhead, Plum, etc. 



BEACHGRASS— BEECH 



37 



Beachgrass Ammophila; A. arenaria 
Beadle Mockorange 

Philadelphus floridus 
Beadplant . . . Nertera depressa 
Beadtree Adenanthera 

Redbead A. pavonina 

Beak Willow .... Salix rostrata 
Beaked Hazlenut . Corylus rostrata 
Beamtree 

White B Sorbus aria 

Yellow B. (S. a. lutescens] Cy) 
Bean Phaseolus 

Adzuki B P. angularis 

Asparagus-bean 

Vigna sesquipedalis 

Aztec Bean . . White Runner 

Hort. var. of Phaseolus coccineus. 

BoGBEAN Menyanthes 

Broadbean Vicia faba 

Butterfly Runner. Hort. var. of 
Phaseolus coccineus. 

Castor-bean Ricinus 

Civet B. . . Phaseolus lunatus 

Common B P. vulgaris 

CoRALBEAN . . Erythrina arborea 
Haricot B. . Phaseolus vulgaris 
Hyacinth-bean . Dolichos lablab 
Kidney B. . . Phaseolus vulgaris 
Kudzu-bean 

Pueraria thunbergiana 
Lima B. 

Phaseolus lunatus macrocarpus 
Mescalbean Sophora secundiflora 
Metcalfe B. . Phaseolus retusus 

Moth B P. aconitifolius 

MuNG B P. aureus 

Potatobean . . Apios tuberosa 
Rice B. . . Phaseolus calcaratus 
Rosarybean 

Rhynchosia; R. phaseoloides 
Scarlet Runner 

Phaseolus coccineus 

Snail B P. caracalla 

Soybean Soja max 

Velvetbean . . . Stizolobium 
White Runner. Hort. var. of 
Phaseolus coccineus. 
Bean Thermopsis 

Thermopsis fabacea 
Bearberry . Arctostaphylos uva-ursi 



Bearberry Honeysuckle, Bear- 
berry Willow, etc. See Honey- 
suckle, Willow, etc. 
Bearded Bellflower 

Campanula barbata 
Beardgrass .... Andropogon 

Silver B A. argenteus 

Beargrass . . Xerophyllum tenax 
Bearstail 

Cretan B. . . . Celsia arcturus 
Beauty Bamboo Bambusa tessellata 

Beautyberry Callicarpa 

American B. . . . C. americana 

Chinese B C. purpurea 

Japanese B. ... C. japonica 
White B. (C americana alha\ Cy) 
Beavertail Cactus 

Opuntia basilaris 
Bedding Calceolaria, Bedding 
Dahlia, etc. See Calceolaria, 
Dahlia, etc. 

Bedstraw Galium 

Northern B G. boreale 

White B G. mollugo 

Yellow B G. verum 

Bedstraw St.Johnswort 

Hypericum galioides 
Bee Larkspur . Delphinium elatum 

Beebalm Monarda 

Amaranth B. Hort. var. of IM. 

didyma. 
Blazing B. Hort. var. of M. 
didyma. 

Oswego B M. didyma 

Rose B. {M. didyma rosea] Cy) 
Russell B. . . . M. russelliana 
Salmon B. {Monarda didyma sal- 
monea'\ Cy) 

Spotted B M. punctata 

White B. {didyma alba) 
Wildbergamot . . M. fistulosa 

Beech Fagus 

American B. . . . F. americana 

Blue B American 

Hornbeam : Carpinus caroliniana 
Cutleaf Beech {Fagus sylvatica 

incisa] Cy) 
European B. . . . F. sylvatica 
Fernleaf B. {F. sylvatica hetero- 

phylla] Cy) 
Japanese B F. sieboldi 



38 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Beech, continued 

Milton B. Hort. var. of Fagus 

sylvatica. 
Purple B. {F. s. purpurea^ Cy) 
Rivers B. (F. s. riversi] Cy) 
RosEPiNK B. Hort. var. of F. syl- 
vatica. 
Sawtooth B. Hort. var. of F. syl- 
vatica. 
Tricolor B. Hort. var. of F. syl- 
vatica. 

Water B American 

Hornbeam : Carpinus caroliniana 
Weeping B. {Fagus sylvatica pen- 

dula^ Cy) 
Weeping Purple B. Hort. var. of 
F. sylvatica. 
Beech Viburnum .Viburnum erosum 
Beechfern 
Narrow B. Dryopteris phegopteris 

Beefwood Casuarina 

Cunningham B. C. cunninghamiana 
Beehive Cactus 

Echinocactus johnsoni 
Bee-sage . . Audibertia grandiflora 

White B A. polystachya 

Beet Beta 

Common B B. vulgaris 

Beetree Linden . Tilia heterophylla 

BEGONIA Begonia 

albopicta .... Silverspot B. 

argentea B. maculata 

baumanni 

cathayana (bowringiana) 

coccinea {rubra) Scarlet Begonia 

conchaefolia {B. warscewiczi Ag) 

Shell B. 
corallina Coral B. 

Hort. var. of B. maculata. 
credneri Credner B. 

See hort. var. list opposite. 

crispa Curly B. 

Hort. var. of B. inanicata. 

davisi Davis B. 

dichroa 

dregei (parvifolia) 

froebeli 

fuchsioides 

geranioides 

gracilis Slender B. 



BEGONIA, continued 

haageana . . . Hanging Begonia 
ingrami'\ Cy Ingram B. 

Spe hort. var. list below. 

maculata {argentea) . Spotted B. 

See also hort. var. list below. 

manicata 

See also hort. var. list below. 

metallica Steel B. 

parvifolia B. dregei 

pearcei .... Pearce Begonia 

rex Rex B. 

rubra B. coccinea 

scharffiana 

semperflorens Perpetual Begonia 

socotrana Socotra B. 

thurstoni] Cy . . . Thurston B. 

See hort. var. list below. 

tubehijbrida\ Cy {tuber osa) 

Tuber B. 

See hort. var. list below. 

warscewiczi Ag . . B. conchaefolia 
Hort. var. of Begonia : 

The hort. var. list and the common- 
name list have been combined in the 
special list below. Varieties marked 
Soc. were derived from B. socotrana. 

Begonia Begonia 

Altrincham Pink. Soc. 
Beauty of Hale. Soc. 
Bo^^^)EN Beauty. Soc. 
Clibran Crimson. Soc. 
Clibran Pink. Soc. 
Clibran Red. Soc. 
Coral {corallina). Hort. var. of B. 
maculata. 

CORBEILLE DE FeU 

Credner {credneri; scharffiana X 

jnetnltic^i) 
Curly {B. manicata crispa'\ Cy) 
Davis B. B. davisi. 
Dazzler 

Dewdrop {B. carrierei't Cy) 
DiGSWELL {B. digswelliana] Cy) 
Eclipse 

Elatior. Lincoln. 
Emily Clibran. Soc. 
Erford {B. erfordi\ Cy) 
Exquisite 
Fireflame 
Flambeau 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. /T'.4//c-=synonyms or unapproved names. 



BEGONIA— BELLFLOWER 



39 



Begonia, continued 

Gloire de Lorraine. Soc. 

Gloire de Sceaux 

Glory of Cincinnati. Soc. 

Green Imperial (B. imperialis 
smagdarina] Cy) 

Hanging B. B. haageana. 

Ingram {B. ingrami\ Cy; nitidaX 
fuchsioides ) 

Lincoln. Elatior. 

Lucy Clibran. Soc. 

Mme. de Lessees 

Melior 

Miss Clibran. Soc. 

Moonbeam. Soc. 

Moonlight 

Mrs. Heal 

Mrs. J. A. Peterson. Soc. 

Optima. Soc. 

Orange King. Soc. 

Pearce B. B. pearcei. 

Peerless. Soc. 

Perpetual B. B. semperflorens. 

Pink Perfection. Soc. 

President 

President Carnot 

Rex B. B. rex. 

Rosalind 

Scarlet B. B. coccinea. 

Shell B. B. conchaefolia. 

SiLVERSPOT B. B. albopicta. 

Slender B. B. gracilis. 

Snowflake (Begonia argenleo-gut- 
tata] Cy) 

SocoTRA B. B. socotrana. 

Spotted B. B. maculata. 

Steel B. B. metallica. 

Sunrise 

Thurston {B. Ihurdoni] Cy; metal- 
lica X sanguinea) 

Triomphe de Lemoine 

Tuber (B. tubehyhrida] Cy) 

TuRNFORD Hall. Soc. 

Vernon {semperflorens atropur- 
purea compacia) 

Winter Cheer. Soc. 

Begonia Treebine . Cissus discolor 
BELAMCANDA . Blackberry-lily 



BELAMCANDA, continued 

chinensis (Gemmingia chinensis; 
Pardanlhus chinensis; P. sinen- 
sis) .... Blackberry-lily 
Belgian Elm, Belgian Woodbine, 
etc. See Elm, Woodbine, etc. 

BELTS Ag . . CUNNINGHAMIA 
Bell Bauhinia . Bauhlnia forficata 
Belladonna . Atropa; A. belladonna 
Belladonna-lily 

Amaryllis belladonna 
Belle Honeysuckle (Lonicera hella\ 
Cy) 

Bellflower Campanula 

Anatolian B. . . . C. macrostyla 
Armenian B. . . C. phytidocalyx 

Azores B C. vidali 

Bearded B C. barbata 

Bluestar B. . . C. ramosissima 
Canterbury-bells . . C. medium 
Carpathian B. . . C. carpatica 
Chimney B. . . . C. pyramidalis 
Coventry-bells . . C. trachelium 
Cup-and-saucer Canterbury- 
bells {Campanula medium caly- 
canthema^ Cy) 
Dahurian B.C. glomerata dahurica 
Danesblood . . . C. glomerata 
Dalmatian B. C. portenschlagiana 
Diamond B. . . . C. rhomboidalis 
Fairy B. Hort. var. of C. persici- 
folia. 

Great B C. latifolia 

Greek B C. drabifolia 

Grossek B C. grosseki 

Harebell . . . C. rotundifolia 

Italian B C. isophylla 

Low Cluster B. (C. glomerata 
acaulis\ Cy) 

Milky B C. lactiflora 

Moerheim B. (C persicifolia moer- 
heimi'f Cy) 

Olympic B C.latiloba 

Peachleaf B. . . C. persicifolia 
Petticoat B. Hort. var. of C. per- 
sicifolia. 
Portuguese B. . C. primulaefolia 
Rampion . . . . C. rapunculus 
Royal B. . C. latifoHa macrantha 

Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (f) see page 1. 



Small CAPiTALS=approved common names. 



40 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Bellflower, continued 

SiiowY Cluster B. (Campanuli 
glomerata superha'f Cy) 

Spotted B C. punctata 

Spurred B. . . . C. alliariaefolia 

Tall B C. americana 

Top B. (C. carpatica turhinata] Cy) 

Vanholtte b. (C vanJwuttei^ Cy) 

Wand B. (C. persicifolia macran- 
thai Cy) 

White Carpathl\n B. (C. car- 
patica a/6at Cy) 

White Chimney B. (C. pyramidalis 
alba^ Cy) 

Wonder B C. mirabilis 

Bellflower Deutzia {Deutzia rosea 

campannlata'\ C3O 
BELLIS 

perennis .... English Daisy 
Bellvine 

Purple B. . Rhodochiton volubile 
Belmore Palm . Howea belmoreana 
Belvedere .... Kochia scoparia 
Bengal Clockvine 

Thunbergia grandiflora 
BENINCASA Waxgourd 

hispida (cerifera) . . . Waxgourd 
Benjamin Fig . . Ficus benjamina 
Bent 

Carpet B. {Creeping B.) 

Agrostis stolonifera 

Rhode Island B. . A. capillaris 
Bentgrass Agrostis 

Carpet Bent . . A. stolonifera 

Cloudgrass .... A. nebulosa 

Redtop A. palustris 

Rhode Island Bent . A. capillaris 
Bentham Cypress 

Cupressus benthami 
Bentleaf Norway Maple {Acer 

platanoides ladniatum] Cy) 
BENZOIN Spicebush 

aestivale {odoriferum ; Laurus ben- 
zoin; Lindera benzoin) Spicebush 

obtusilobum .... Japanese S. 
BERBERIS Barberry 

aggregata Salmon B. 

— pratti {B. pratti Cy) . Pratt B. 

amurensis Amur B. 

— japonica {regeliana) Hakodate B. 

aquifolium Ag Mahonia aquifolium 



BERBERIS, continued 

asiatica . . Himalayan Barberry 
atropurpurea Purple B. 

Hort. var. of B. vulgaris. 

bealei Ag . . . . Mahonia bealei 
brevipaniculata 

Shortcluster Barberry 
buxifolia .... Magellan B. 
canadensis . . . Allegheny B. 
congestiflora . . . . B. hakeoides 
darwini . . . Darwin Barberry 

diaphana Kansu B, 

dictyophylia . . . Chalkleaf B. 
dulcis B. buxifolia 

The name B. dulcis is sometimes mis- 
applied also to the Currant Barberry, 
hort. var. of B. vulgaris. 

empetrifolia . . Crow Barberry 
fascicularis . . . Mahonia pinnata 
fendleri . . Colorado Barberry 

gagnepaini Black B. 

hakeoides (congestiflora) Chilian B. 
heteropoda . . . Turkestan B. 

ilicifoUa Holly B. 

ja])o/nca 

See Mahonia bealei. 

julianae .... Wintergreen B. 

koreana Korean B, 

nervosa Ag . . Mahonia nervosa 

neuberti] Cy . Neubert Barberry 

See hort. var. list on page 41. 

nevini Ag . . . . Mahonia nevini 
pinnata Ag . . Mahonia pinnata 
poireti . . . Poiret Barberry 
pratti B. aggregata pratti 

purpurea . . Purple Barberry 

Hort. var. of B. vulgaris. 

regeliana . B. amurensis japonica 
repens Ag . . . Mahonia rep ens 
sanguinolenta . . . . B. sinensis 
sargentiana . Sargent Barberry 

sieboldi Siebold B. 

sinensis {sanguinolenta) Chinese B. 
stenopkylta .... Rosemary B. 

See hort. var. list on page 41. 

thunbergi Japanese B. 

— maximowiczi .... Coral B. 

See also hort. var. list on page 41 

triacanthophora . Threespine B. 

vernae Verna B. 

verruculosa Warty B. 

vulgaris European B. 

See also hort. var. list on page 41. 



BERBERIS— BESSON 



41 



BERBERIS, continued 

wallichiana 

A name sometimes misapplied to B. 
julianae and B. sargentiana. The true 
B. wallichiana of botanists is not in the 
trade. 

wilsonae . . Wilson Barberry 

— stapfiana 
Hort. var. of Berberis : 

Box Barberry {Berheris thunhergi 
minor] Cy) 

Broadleaf B. {B. neuherti lati- 
folia] Cy) 

Currant B. {Berheris vulgaris dul- 
■ cist Cy) 

Neubert B. (B. neuherti] Cy; B. 
vulgaris X Mahonia aquijolium) 

Purple B. {B. vulgaris air o pur- 
purea] Cy; purpurea) 

Rosemary B. {B. stenophylla] Cy; 
darwini X empetrifolia) 
BERCHEMIA .... Supplejack 

racemosa Japanese S. 

scandens Alabama S'. 

Bergamot 

Wildbergamot Monarda fistulosa 

Bergamot Mint . Mentha citrata 

BERGEROCACTUS 

emoryi (Cereus emoryi) 

Velvet Cactus 
Bermuda Arrowroot, Bermuda 
Maidenhair, etc. See Arrow- 
root, Maidenhair, etc. 
Berry 

Baneberry Actaea 

Barberry Berberis 

Bayberry Myrica 

Bearberry 

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi 
Beautyberry .... Callicarpa 

Blackberry Rubus 

Blueberry Vaccinium 

BucKBERRY . Gaylussacia ursina 
Buffaloberry . . Shepherdia 
BuNCHBERRY . Comus Canadensis 
Chinaberry Melia azedarach 

Chokeberry Aronia 

Christmasberry 

Photinia arbutifolia 
Coralberry 

Symphoricarpos vulgaris 
Cowberry . Vaccinium vitisidaea 



Berry, continued 

Crowberry . Empetrum ; E. nigrum 
Dangleberry 

Gaylussacia frondosa 
Deerberry Vaccinium stamineum 

Dewberry Rubus 

Dingleberry 

Vaccinium erythrocarpum 

Gooseberry Ribes 

Hackberry Celtis 

Himalaya-berry 

Rubus thyrsanthus 
Huckleberry . . . Gaylussacia 

Inkberry Ilex glabra 

Juneherry . Shadblow : Amelanchier 
Limeberry . . Atalantia trimera 
Marlberry . Ardisia pickeringia 

Mulberry Morus 

Nannyberry . Viburnum lentago 
Paper-mulberry 

Broussonetia ; B. papyrifera 
Partridgeberry . Mitchella repens 

PoKEBERRY Phytolacca 

Raspberry Rubus 

Serviceherry 

Shadblow: Amelanchier 
SiLVERBERRY Elaeaguus argentea 
Snowberry . . Symphoricarpos 

Soapberry Sapindus 

Solanberry 

Solanum nigrum guineense 
Star-gooseberry 

Phyllanthus acidus 
Strawberry Fragaria 

SUGARBERRY 

Celtis mississippiensis 

WiNEBERRY . . . Rubus specles 

Winterberry . . . Ilex species 

Wonderberry .... Solanberry 

Berry Bladderfern 

Cystopteris bulbifera 
Bertini Cherry-laurel (Laurocer- 

asus officinalis bertini]) 
Bessarabian Aster 

Aster amellus bessarabicus 

BESSERA CoRALDROPS 

elegans (Pharium elegans Ag) 

CORALDROPS 

Bessey Cherry . . Prunus besseyi 
Besson Locust (Robinia pseudu- 
acacia bessojiiana] Cy) 



42 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



BETA Beet 

vulgaris Common B. 

Betel Palm . . . Areca catechu 
Bethlehem Lungwort 

Pulmonaria saccharata 

BETONICA STACHYS 

Betony Stachys 

Big B S. grandiflora 

Chorogi S. sieboldi 

Common B S. officinalis 

Mauve B. {Stachys grandiflora 

superha^ Cy) 
WooDBETONY . . . Pcdicularis 
Woolly B. . . . Stachys lanata 

BETULA Birch 

alba {B. pubescens Cy) 

European White B. 
— pendula . European W^eeping B. 

See also hort. var. list below. 

fastigiata . Pyramidal White B, 

Hort. var. of B. alba. 

fontinalis Water B. 

gracilis . . Cutleaf Weeping B. 

Hort. var. of B. alba. 

laciniata . Cutleaf Weeping B. 

Hort. var. of B. alba. 

lenta Swelt B. 

lutea Yellow B. 

maximowiczi . . . Monarch B. 

nigra River B. 

papyrifera (papyracea) . Canoe B. 
pendula Cy-Ag . B. alba pendula 

populifolia Gray Birch 

pubescens Cy B. alba 

purpurea 

PURPLELEAF WhITE BiRCH 
Hort. var. of B. alba. 

youngi . . Youngs Weeping B. 

Hort. var. of B. alba. 

Hort. var. of Betula: 

Cutleaf Weeping Birch {B. pen- 
dula gracilis Cy; gracilis; alba 
gracilis; alba laciniata) 

Dalecarlia B. (5. pendula dale- 
carlica Cy) 

Purpleleaf White B. (B. pendula 
purpurea Cy; alba purpurea) 

Pyramidal White B. (B pendula 
fastigiata Cy; alba fastigiata; fasti- 
giata; alba pyramidalis) 



BETULA (Hort. var.), continued 

Youngs Weeping Birch {B. pen- 
dula youngi Cy; alba pendula 
youngi) 
Bhutan Cypress Cupressus torulosa 
BicoLOR Aconite, Bicolor Manet- 
TiA, etc. See Aconite, Manet- 
TiA, etc. 
BICUCULLA . . . DICENTRA 

BroENS 

atrosanguinea Cosmos diversifolius 
dahlioides . . . . C. diversifolius 
trichosperma . Ditch-sunflower 

BIFRENARIA 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

Big Betony, Big Camomile, etc. See 
Betony, Camomile, etc. 

Bigberry Privet {Ligustrum acu- 
minatuin^ Cy) 

Bigcone-spruce 

Pseudotsuga macrocarpa 

Bigelow Aster, Bigelow Sneeze- 
weed, etc. See Aster, Sneeze- 
weed, etc. 

BigflowerBroom, BigflowerGilia, 
etc. See Broom, Gilia, etc. 

BiGLEAF Aster, Bigleaf Magnolia, 
etc. See Aster, Magnolia, etc. 

BiGMOON Maple {Acer japonicum 
macrophyllum^ Cy) 

BIGNONIA . . Trumpetcreeper 
argyreoviolascens 

Silverpurple Trumpet 
buccinatoria {Phacdranthus buccin- 
atorius Cy-Ag; B. cherere) 

Bloodred Trumpet 
capreolata {Anisostichus capreolatus 
Ag; Tecoma capreolata) 

Crossvine 
chamberlaynei {Anemopaegma 
chamberlaynei Ag) 

Golden Trumpet 

cherere B. buccinatoria 

chinensis Ag-Ai' . . B. grandiflora 
grandiflora {Campsis chinensis Cy; 
B. chinensis Ag; Tecoma grandi- 
flora) Chinese Trumpetcreeper 

hybrida-\ Cy Hi-brid T. 

See hort. var. list on page 43. 



BOLD-face=approved scientitic names. I T Alic=synonyms or unapproved names. 



BIGNONIA— BLACKBEAD 



43 



BIGNONIA, continued 

radicans (C ampsis radicans Cy; Te- 
coma radicans) Trumpetcreeper 

smithi Tecoma smithi 

speciosa {Clylostoma callistegioides 
Cy-Ag) . . Painted Trumpet 

stans Tecoma stans 

unguis-cati {tweediana; Doxantha 
unguis-cati Ar) 

Catclaw Trumpet 
venusta (Pyrostegia venusta Cy-Ag) 
Flaming Trumpet 
Hort. var. of Bignonia: 

Hybrid Trumpetcreeper {B. hij- 
brida'l Cy; radicans X chinensis) 
Bigtooth Maple 

Acer grandidentatum 

BIHAI HELICONIA 

BIKUKULLA Ag . . DICENTRA 
Billiard Spire a {Spiraei hilli irdii 

. .^^^ 
Billion-dollar Grass . Japanese Mil- " 

let: Echinochloa crusgalli edulis 
BiLTMORE Ash Fraxinus biltmoreana 
Bindweed 

Hedge B. . . Convolvulus sepium 

BIOTA THUJA 

Birch Betula 

Canoe B B. papyrifera 

CuTLEAF Weeping B. Hort. var. of 

B. alba. 
Dalecarlia B. Hort. var. of B. 

alba. 
European Weeping B. 

B. alba pendula 
European White B. . . B. alba 

Gray B B. populifolia 

Monarch B. . B. maximowiczi 
PuRPLELEAF White B. Hort. var. 

of B. alba. 
Pyramidal White B. Hort. var. of 

B. alba. 

River B B. nigra 

Sweet B B. lenta 

Water B B. fontinalis 

Yellow B B. lutea 

Youngs Weeping B. Hort. var. of 

B. alba. 

Small CAPiTALs^approved common names. 



Birchleaf Pear Pyrus betulaefolia 

Bird-of-paradise-flower 

Strelitzia; S. reginae 
Lance B S. parvifolia 

Birdseye Gilia, Birdseye Primrose, 
etc. See Gilia, Primrose, etc. 

BiRDSFOOT Trefoil, Birdsfoot Vio- 
let, etc. See Trefoil, Vi()LET,etc. 

BiRDSNEST Fern . Asplenium nidus 

Biscay Heath . Erica mediterranea 

BISCHOFFIA 

trifoliata (javanica) 
Bishop Pine . . . Pinus muricata 
BiSHOPSCAP Mitella 

Common B M. diphylla 

BiSHOPSHOOD 

Astrophytum myriostigma 
Bissell Hawthorn 

Crataegus apposita bisselli 

Bitter Nightshade, Bitter Win- 

TERCRESS, etc. See Nightshade, 

WiNTERCRESS, CtC. 

Bittercress Cardamine 

Bulb B C. bulbosa 

Cuckooflower . . C. pratensis 
Northern B. . . . C. douglassi 

Bitternut . . Hicoria cordiformis 

Bitterroot .... Lewisiarediviva 

Bittersweet Celastrus 

American B. . . . C. scandens 
Christmas B. 

C. orbiculatus punctatus 

Korean B C. flagellaris 

Oriental B. . . C. orbiculatus 

Bittervetch 
Spring B. Lathyrus vernus 

BiTTERWEED Helenium tenuifolium 

Bitter wood 

White B. . . Trichi^ia spondioides 

BIXA Anatto-tree 

orellana Anatto-tree 

Black Alder Co^IMON 

Winterberry: Ilex verticillata 
Black Ash, Black Cherry, etc. See 

Ash, Cherry, etc. 
Blackbead 

PithecoUobium unguis-cati 
Blackbead Elder 

Sambucus melanoc^pa 

Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (t) see page 1. 



44 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Blackberry Rubus 

See also Dewberry and Raspberry. 
For horticultural varieties see Black- 
berry in American Pomological Socie- 
ty's List of Fruits, in Appendix. 

Allegheny B. . R. allegheniensis 

CuTLEAF B R. laciniatus 

Elmleaf B . . . . R. ulmifolius 

HiGHBUSH B R. argutus 

Himalaya-berry R. thyrsanthus 

Link B R. linkianus 

Sand B R. cuneifolius 

Thornless B. . . . R. canadensis 

Blackberry-lily 

Belamcanda chinensis 

Blackbox . . . Eucalyptus bicolor 

Blackbud Inula . . Inula royleana 

Blackburn Palmetto 

Sabal blackburniana 

Blackbutt . . Eucalyptus pilularis 

Blackcap 
Common B. . Rubus occidentalis 

Black-eyed Clockvine, Black-eyed 
Heath, etc. See Clockvine, 
Heath, etc. 

Black-eyed-susan . Rudbeckiahirta 

Blackhaw . Viburnum prunifolium 
Southern B. . . . V. rufidulum 

Blackjack Oak Quercus marilandica 

Blackjoint Bamboo 

Phyllostachys nigra 

Blackpurple Iris Iris atropurpurea 

Blackspot Bamboo {Phyllostachys 
nigra -punctata] Cy) 

Black-salsify Scorzonera hispanica 

Blackthorn . . . Prunus spinosa 

Blackwood Acacia 

Acacia melanoxylon 

Bladderfern Cystopteris 

Berry B C. bulbifera 

Brittle Fern . . . . C. fragilis 

Bladdernut Staphylea 

American B S. trifolia 

BoLANDER B. ... S. bolanderi 
BuMALDA B. ... S. bumalda 

Chinese B S. holocarpa 

Colchis B S. colchica 

European B S. pinnata 

French B. S. pinnata coulombieri 
Himalayan B S. emodi 

Bladder-senna Colutea 

Cilician B C. cilicica 



Bladder-senna, continued 

Common B. . Colutea arborescens 

Oriental B. ... C. orientalis 
Bladderwort Utricularia 

Common B U. vulgaris 

Bladeapple . . Pereskia aculeata 
Blandford Elm ( Ulmus hollandica 
superba'\ Cy) 

Blazing-star Mentzelia 

Blazing Star . . Gayfe ather : Liatris 
BLECHNUM ..... Blechnum 

brasiliense . . . Brazilian B. 

moorei (Lotnaria ciliata) 

occidentale 

semilatum Sawfern 

spicant (Lomaria spicant) 

Deerfern 
Bleedingheart Dicentra spectabilis 

Fringed B D. eximia 

Western B. . . . D. formosa 
BLEPHARIGLOTTIS HABENARIA 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

Blessed Thistle Cnicus benedictus 
BLETIA 

hyacinthina . Bletilla hyacinthina 
BLETILLA Bletilla 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

BLIGHIA 

sapida Akee 

Blistercress Erysimum 

Afghan B. . . E. perofskianum 
Arkansas B. 

E. aspenmi arkansanum 

Asiatic B E. rupestre 

Coast B E. capitatum 

Rockery B E. pulchellum 

Rough B E. asperum 

Turf B E. ochroleucum 

Blood Amaranth, Blood Lobelia, 
etc. See Am ARANTH, Lobelia, etc. 

Bloodflower Asclepias curassavica 

Bloodleaf Iresine 

Linden B I. lindeni 

Bloodleaf Japanese Maple, Blood- 
leaf Norway Maple, etc. See 
Maple, etc. 

Bloodlily Haemanthus 

Salmon B H. puniceus 

Scarlet B H. coccineus 

White B H. albiflos 



BLOODRED— BOLANDER 



45 



Bloodred Anthurium, Bloodred 
Cranesbill, etc. See Anthur- 
ium, Cranesbill, etc. 

Bloodroot . Sanguinaria canadensis 

Bloodtwig Dogwood 

Comus sanguinea 

Bloodvein Maple (Acer -palrnatum 
atrolinearei Cy) 

BLOOMERIA 

aurea Golden Stars 

Blooming Sally 

Epilobium angustifolium 
Blue Ash, Blue Cohosh, etc. See 

Ash, Cohosh, etc. 
Bluebead . . . Clintonia borealis 
Bluebeard Caryopteris 

Common B C. incana 

White B, (C. incana Candida] Cy) 
Bluebell 

Harebell: Campanula rotundifolia 
Bluebell Phacelia 

Phacelia whitlavia 
Bluebell-creeper .... Sollya- 

Australian B. . S. heterophylla 
Bluebells Mertensia 

Mountain B M. ciliata 

Virginia B M. virginica 

Blueberry Vaccinium 

For horticultural varieties see Blue- 
berry in American Pomological So- 
ciety's List of Fruits, in Appendix. 

Blueridge B V. pallidum 

Canada B V. canadense 

DiNGLEBERRY . V. erythrocarpum 

Dryland B V. vacillans 

HiGHBUSH B. . . V. corymbosum 
LowBUSH B. . V. pennsylvanicum 
Rabbiteye B V. virgatum 

Blueberry Elder 

Sambucus caerulea 

Blueblossom Ceanothus thyrsiflorus 

Bluecrown Passionflower 

Passiflora caerulea 

Bluecurt.s 

Trichostema; T. dichotomum 
Romero T. lanatum 

Blue-eyed Cape-marigold 

Dimorphotheca sinuata 

Blue-eyed-grass . . Sisyrinchium 
Common B. . . S. angustifolium 
Western B S. bellum 

Blue-eyed-mary . CoUinsia verna 



Blueflag Iris . . . Iris versicolor 

Bluegrass Poa 

Canada B P. compressa 

Kentucky B. . . . P. pratensis 

RauGH B P. trivialis 

Wood B P. nemoralis 

Blueleaf Acacia, Blueleaf Aza- 
lea, etc. See Acacia, Azalea, 
etc. 
Bluelips . . . Collinsia grandiflora 
Blueridge Blueberry 

Vaccinium pallidum 
Bluestar Bellflower 

Campanula ramosissima 
Bluestem Palmetto, Bluestem 
Willow, etc. See Palmetto, 
Willow, etc. 
Bluet 

Mountain-bluet 

Centaurea montana 
Bluet Rhododendron 

Rhododendron intricatum 

Bluetop Eryngo Eryngium alpinum 

Bluets .... Houstonia caerulea 

Creeping B. . . . H, serpyllifolia 

LoNGLEAF B. ... H. longifolia 

BLUMENBACHIA . . . Stinglily 

The name of this genus under the 
American Rules is Saloa. 

lateritia (Loasa aurantiaca) 

Orange Stinglily 
Blush Honeysuckle, Blush Stone- 
crop, etc. See Honeysuckle, 
Stonecrop, etc. 
Bo Tree 
Sacred Bo Tree . Ficus religiosa 

BOCCONIA Plumepoppy 

cordata ijaponica) . . . Pink P. 

microcarpa Bronze P. 

Bog Kalmia, Bog Sage, etc. See 

Kalmia, Sage, etc. 
BoGBEAN Menyanthes 

Common B M. trifoliata 

Bog-orchid 

White B . . . Habenaria dilatata 
Bog-rosemary . Andromeda polifolia 

Downy B. ... A. glaucophylla 
Bohea Tea . . Thea sinensis bohea 
Bokhara Iris .... Iris bucharica 

BoLANDER BlADDERNUT 

Staphylea bolanderi 



46 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



BOLLEA .... ZYGOPETALUM 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

BoLLEANA Poplar . Populus bolleana 
BOLTONIA BoLTONiA 

asteroides White B. 

laevigata. Probably B. asteroides. 

latisquama Violet B. 

Hort. var. of Boltonia: 

Dwarf Pinkray B. (B. latisquaina 
nana'\ Cy) 
BOMBAX BoMBAX 

malabaiicum . . . Malabar B. 
BoNESET . Eupatorium perfoliatum 
Bonfire Torchlily ( Kniphofia uva- 

ria grandis\ Cy) 
Bonnet Palm .... Cocos bonneti 

BONYTIP FlEABANE 

Erigeron mucronatus 

BOOTT GOLDENROD, BOOTT WOODFERN, 

etc. See Goldenrod, Woodfern, 
etc. 

BORAGO Borage 

officinalis . . . Common Borage 
Border Poesythia [t'orsytkia inter- 

media-\ Cy) 
Bordered Pink Dianthus marginatus 
Borecole 

Kale : Brassica oleracea acephala 

Boston Fern Ne- 

phrolepis exaltata bostoniensis 

Boston Ivy Japanese 

Creeper: Ampelopsis tricuspidata 
BOTRYCHIUM . . . Grapefern 

dissectum Cutleaf G. 

matricariae . . . Broadleaf G. 

obliquum 

ternatum B. obliquum 

The true B. ternatum of botanists is not 
in the trade. 

virginianum {mrginicum) 

Rattlesnake Fern 

Bottle Palm Hyophorbe amaricaulis 

BoTTLEBRUSH .... Callistemoii 

Cunningham B. . C. cimninghami 

Green B. C. salignus viridiflonis 

Hybrid B C. hybridus 

Lemon B C. lanceolatus 

Scarlet B C. coccineus 

Showy B C. speciosus 

Stout B C. robustus 



BoTTLEBRUSH BuCKEYE 

Aesculus parviflora 

BoTTLETREE StcrcuHa 

Black Kurrajong S. diversifolia 
Chinese Parasoltree 

S. platanifolia 

Hazel B S. foetida 

Mottled ParXsoltree (*S'. plat- 
anifolia variegata\ Cy) 
Victorian B. . . . S. acerifolia 
Bougainville Aubrietia {A. del- 

toidea hougainvillei\ Cy) 
BOUGAINVILLE A . Bougainville a 

The name of this genus was originally 
spelled Buginvillea. 

brasiliensis . . . . B. spectabilis 
glabra . Lesser Bougainvillea 

refulgens Shiny B. 

spectabilis (brasiliensis) Great B. 
Hort. var. of Bougainvillea: 

Brickred B. (B. spectabilis late- 

ritiat Cy) 
Crimson Lake B. Hort. var. of B. 

spectabilis. 
Sander B. {Bougainvillea glabra 

sanderiana] Cy) 
Variegated B. {B.g. variegata'\ Cy ) 
Boulder Raspberry 

Rubus deliciosus 

Bouncing-bet . Saponaria officinalis 

Double B. (*S. officinalis flore- 

pleno Cy) 
Rosy B. (S. o. caucasica'\ Cy) 
BouRGEAu Rose 

Rosa acicularis bourgeauiana 
BouRQUiN Grape 

Vitis aestivalis bourquiniana 
BOUSSINGAULTIA 

baselloides .... Madeira-vine 

BOUVARDIA BouvARDiA 

humboldti Sweet B. 

triphylla (jocquini) . Scarlet B. 
Bower Actinidia Actinidia arguta 
Bowie Oxalis . . . Oxalis bowiei 
BowMANSROOT . . Gillcnia trifoliata 
Bowstring-hemp 

Sansevieria zeylanica 

Box Buxus 

Bastardbox Eucalyptus goniocalyx 
Blackbox E. bicolor 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. I T Alic=synonyms or unapproved names. 



BOX— BRASSICA 



47 



Box, continued 

Brisbane-box . Tristania conferta 
Common B. . Buxus sempervirens 

Dwarf B Truedwarf B. 

GoLDEDGE B. {B. s. marginata\ Cy) 
Golden B. {B. s. aurea\ Cy) 
Graybox . . Eucalyptus species 
Hands WORTH B. (B. sempervirens 

handsworthi]) 
Japanese B. . . Buxus japonica 
Myrtleleaf B. {B. sempervirens 

myriifolia] Cy) 
Redbox Eucalyptus polyanthemos 
Rosemary B. {B. sempervirens 

rosmarinifoliaf Cy) 
RouNDLEAF B. (B. sempervirens ro- 
lundifolia] Cy) 

Seedbox Ludwigia 

Silver B. {B. s. argentea] Cy) 
Spanish B. . . . Buxus balearica 
Truedwarf B. {B. sempervirens 

suffruiicosa] Cy) 
Truetree B. (B. sempervirens 

arhorescens] Cy) 
Variegated Olive B. {B. semper- 
virens elegans] Cy) 
Willow B. {B. s. angustifolia] Cy) 
Box Huckleberry, Box Sandmyr- 
TLE, etc. See Huckleberry, 
Sandmyrtle, etc. 

BoxELDER Acer negundo 

California B. . A. n. calif ornicum 
Golden B. {A. n. auratu7n'\ Cy) 
Boxleaf Azara, Boxleaf Burning- 
bush, etc. See Azara, Burning- 
bush, etc. 
Boynton Hawthorn 

Crataegus boyntoni 

BRACHYCHITON Ag STERCULIA 

BRACHYCOME 

iberidifolia . . Swan-river-daisy 

Bracken . Pteridium; P. aquilinum 

Bracted Iris, Bracted Spiderwort, 

etc. See Iris, Spiderwort, etc. 

BRADBURY A Ag CENTROSEMA 

BRAHEA 

dulcis Palma Dulce 

filifera . . Washingtonia filifera 



Brake Pteris 

Australian B. ... P. tremula 
Childs B. Hort. var. of P. cretica 

Cliffbrake Pellaea 

Crested Spider B. Hort. var. of 

Pteris multifida. 

Cretan B Pteris cretica 

Mays B. (P. cretica mayi] Cy) 
MooRES B. Hort. var. of Anopteris 

hexagona. 
OuvRARD B. Hort. var. of Pteris 

multifida. 
Ribbon B. {Pteris cretica albolin- 

eata'\ Cy) 
RivERTON B. Hort. var. of P. 

cretica. 
RocKBRAKE . . . Cryptogramma 
Siebold B. Hort. var. of Pteris 

ensiformis. 
Silver B. {P. quadriaurita argy- 

rea\ Cy) 

Spider B Pteris multifida 

Striped B. (P. quadriaurita argy- 

raear\ Cy) 

Sword B P. ensiformis 

Tall Cretan B. Hort. var. of P. 

cretica. 
Victoria B. (P, ensiformis vic- 

toriae'\ Cy) 
Wilson B. (P. cretica wilsoni] Cy) 
Wimsett B. Hort. var. of P. 

cretica. 
Branching Asphodel, Branching 

Franco A, etc. See Asphodel, 

Francoa, etc. 
Brandegee Palm Erythea brandegei 
BRASENIA .... Watershield 
schreberi (peltata) . Watershield 
BRASSAVOLA 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

BRASSIA Spider-orchid 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

BRASSICA 

acephala . . B. oleracea acephala 

alba White Mustard 

arvensis (Sinapis arvensis) 

Charlock 
hotrytis . . . B. oleracea botrytis 

campestris Rutabaga 

capita ta . . . B. oleracea capitata 



Small CAPiTALS^approved comnion names. Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (t) see page 1. 



48 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



BRASSICA, continued 

chinensis . . . Pakchoi Cabbage 
japonica . . Potherb Mustard 

napus Pape 

oleracea .... Wild Cabbage 
— acephala 

(Borecole, Collar ds) Kale 
— botrytis Cauliflower, Broccoli 

— capitata Cabbage 

— caulo-rapa .... Kohlrabi 
— gemmifera Brussels Sprouts 
pekinensis {B. pe-tsai Cy) 

Petsai Cabbage 

rapa Turnip 

BRASSOCATTLAELIA 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

BRASSOCATTLEYA 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

BRASSO-CA TTLEYA-LAELIA 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

BRASSOLAELIA 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

Braun Hollyfern 

Polystichum brauni 

BRAUNERIA . . . ECHINACEA 

BRAVOA 

geminiflora Mexican Twinbloom 

Brazilian Abutilon, Brazilian 

Araucaria, etc. See Abutilon, 

Araucaria, etc. 

Breadfruit . Artocarpus; A. incisa 

Jackfruit .... a. integrifolia 

Breadroot 

Indian B. . . Psoralea esculenta 
Breath-of-heaven Diosma ericoides 
Bretschneider Pear 

Pyrus bretschneideri 
Brick Globem allow 

Sphaeralcea cisplatina 
Brickred Bougainvillea (B. specta- 

hilis lateritia] Cy) 
Bridal Canyon-poppy 

Romneya trichocalyx 
Bridal-veil Broom 

Genista monosperma 

Bridalwreath . Spiraea prunifolia 

Double B. {S. prunifolia pleno.\ Cy) 

Bride Honeysuckle (Lonicera tata- 

rica grandifloraf Cy) 
Bridesmaid Pea (Lathyrus latifolius 
(jrandiflorus\ Cy) 



Brier 

DoGBRiER Rosa canina 

Greenbrier Smilax 

SwEETBRiER . . Rosa rubiginosa 

Brier Grape Vitis davidi 

Brilliant Campion Lychnis fulgens 
Brisbane -BOX . . Tristania conferta 
Bristlecone Fir, Bristlecone Pine, 

etc. See Fir, Pine, etc. 
Bristle leaf Mame Cherry 

Prunus incisa serrata 
Bristletooth Oak . Quercus serrata 
Bristly Buttercup, Bristly Green- 
brier, etc. See Buttercup, 
Greenbrier, etc. 
British Inula . . Inula brittanica 
Brittle Fern, Brittle \\'illow, 
etc. See Fern, Willow, etc. 

BRIZA Quaking Grass 

geniculata . . . Eragrostis obtusa 
maxima , . Big Quaking Grass 
minor (gracilis) Little Quaking G. 

BRIZOPYRUM 

siculum .... Desmazeria sicula 
Broad Blueleaf Honeysuckle (Lon- 
icera korolkowi floribunda-\ Cy) 

Broadbean Vicia fab a 

Broadleaf Acacia, Broadleaf 

Acanthus, etc. See Acacia, 

Acanthus, etc. 

Broccoli Brassica oleracea botrytis 

Bromegrass . . See Bromus, below 

BROMUS Bromegrass 

brizaeformis . . . Quaking B. 

erectus Meadow B. 

inermis Common B. 

macrostachys 

madritensis Madrid B. 

unioloides . . . Rescue Grass 

Bronze Elaeagnus, Bronze Eche- 

VERIA, etc. See Elaeagnus, 

Echeveria, etc. 

Bronzeleaf . Rodgersia podophylla 

Bronzy Hawthorn Crataegus cuprea 

Brook Euonymus, Brook Parnas- 

siA, etc. See Euonymus, Par- 

nassia, etc. 

Broom Cytisus; Genista 

Aetna B. . . . Genista aetnensis 
Bigflower B. . . Cytisus supinus 



BROOM— BUCKEYE 



49 



Broom, continued 

Bridal-veil B. 

Genista monosperma 
Bulgarian B. 

Cytisus leucanthus schipkaensis 

BUTCHERSBROOM 

Ruscus; R. aculeatus 
Canary B. . . Cytisus canariensis 
Dyers B. 

Woadwaxen: Genista tinctoria 
Easter B. . Cytisus racemosus 
German B, . Genista germanica 

Greek B Cytisus triflorus 

Leafy Madeira B. 

C. maderensis magnifoliosus 
Madeira B. . . . C. maderensis 

Pale B C. leucanthus 

Pale Scotch B. (C. scoparius 

alhus'\ Cy) 
Paradise B. (C. s. andreanus] Cy) 

Provence B C. purgans 

Scotch B C. scoparius 

Sessile B. . . . C. sessilifolius- 
Silkyleaf B. . . . Genista pilosa 

Spanish B G. hispanica 

Spike B. . . . Cytisus nigricans 

Sweet B C. fragrans 

Tall Woadwaxen 

Genista tinctoria virgata 
Warminster B. . Cytisus praecox 
Weavers-broom Spartium junceum 
White Spanish B. 

Cytisus multiflorus 

Woadwaxen . . Genista tinctoria 

Broom Lupine, Broom Yew, etc. 

See Lupine, Yew, etc. 
Broomcorn. Hort. var. of Holcus 

sorghum. 
Broomcorn Millet 

Panicum miliaceum 
Broom-crow^erry . Corema conradi 

BROUGHTONIA 

sanguinea 

BROUSSONETIA Paper-mulberry 
papyrifera (Papyrius papyrifera 

Ag) Paper-mulberry 

secundiflora Ag 

Sophora secundiflora 
BROWALLIA 

demissa {B. americana Ag; elaia) 
grandiflora (roezli) 



BROWALLIA. 



ontinuccl 

. Streptosolen jamesoni 



jamesom . 
speciosa 
viscosa 
Brown Gum . .. Eucalyptus robusta 
Brown-eyed Nemophila, Brown- 
eyed RocKRosE, etc. See Nemo- 
phila, RocKROSE, etc. 
Brown-eyed-susan 

Rudbeckia triloba 
Brownie Ladyslippek 

Cypripedium fasciculatum 
Browns Lily, Browns Rose," etc. 

See Lily, Rose, etc. 
Brownstem Easter Lily (Lilium 
longiflorum giganteum] Cy) 

BRUCKENTHALIA . Spikeheath 
spiculifolia .... Spikeheath 

B RUN ELLA .... PRUNELLA 

BRUNFELSIA 
americana 

Franciscan-nightshade 
macrophylla 
BRUNNICHIA 

cirrhosa .... Buckwheat-vine 
Brush Dewberry, Brush Heather, 
etc. See Dewberry, Heather, 
etc. 
Brush-cherry 

Australian B. Eugenia myrtifolia 
Brushtip Sotol 

Dasylirion acrotriche 
Brussels Sprouts 

Brassica oleracea gemmifera 
BRYONIA 

laciniosa . . Bryonopsis laciniosa 

BRYONOPSIS . . . Bryonopsis 
laciniosa (Bryonia laciniosa) 

Bryonopsis 

BRYOPHYLLUM 
crenatum 
piimatum 

Buck Bean . Bogbean: Menyanthes 

BucKBERRY . . Gaylussacia ursLna 

Buckeye 

See also HoRSECHESTXfT. 

Arkansas|B. . . Aesculus bushi 
BoTTLEBRUSH B. . . A. paTviflora 
California B. . . .A. califomica 



50 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Buckeye, continued 

Dark Red B. (Aesculus pavia at- 

rosanguinea] Cy) 
Ellw ANGER B. {A. woerlitzensis 

ellwangeri\ Cy) 
Georgia B. . Aesculus georgiana 
Ground B. {A. pavia humilist Cy) 
Harbison B. ... A. harbisoni 
Hybrid B. {A. hyhrida] Cy) 
MicHAUX B. ... A. michauxi 

Ohio B A. glabra 

Red B A. pavia 

Scarlet B. . . A. discolor mollis 
Sevenleaf B. a. glabra buckleyi 

Texas B A. arguta 

Whitebark B. 

A. glabra leucodermis 

Woolly B A. discolor 

Yellow B A. octandra 

Buckley Hawthorn 

Crataegus buckleyi 

BUCKLEYA . . . Sapsuck-bush 
distichophylla . . Sapsuck-bush 

Buckthorn Rhamnus 

Alder B R. alnifolia 

Alpine B R. alpina 

California B. . . R. calif omica 
Carolina B. . . . R. caroliniana 

Cascara B R. purshiana 

Caucasian B. . . . R. imeretina 

Common B R. cathartica 

Dahurian B. . . . R. dahurica 

Glossy B R. frangula 

Italian B R. alatemus 

Japanese B R. crenata 

Sea-buckthorn . . . Hippophae 

Veiny B R. fallax 

Whiteleaf B. 

R. califomica tomentella 

Buckthorn Bumelia, Buckthorn 
Honeysuckle, etc. See Bume- 
lia, Honeysuckle, etc. 

Buckwheat Fagopyrum 

Common B. . . . F. esculentum 
Kangra B F. tataricum 

Buckwheat- vine Brumiichia cirrhosa 

Buddhist Bauhinia 

Bauhinia variegata 

BUDDLEIA . . . BUTTERFLYBUSH 

asiatica White B. 



BUDDLEIA, continued 

davidi {variabilis) 

Orange-eye Butterflybush 

See also hort. var. list below. 

globosa Globe B. 

insignis Ag B. intermedia insignis 
intermedia 

Wisteria Butterflybush 
— insignis (B. insignis Ag) 

japonica Japanese B. 

lindleyana .... Lindley B. 
magnifica . . . ... Oxeye B. 

Hort. var. of B. davidi. 

officinalis Pale B. 

variabilis B. davidi 

veitchi . Veitch Butterflybush 

Hort. var. of B. davidi. 

Hort. var. of Buddleia: 
Juno Butterflybush (B. davidi 

superbar\ Cy) 
Oxeye B. (B. d. magnifica] Cy) 
Veitch B. {B. d. veitchianai Cy) 
Wilson B. (B. d. wilsoni] Cy) 

Buffalo Gourd 

Cucurbita foetidissima 

BuFFALOBERRY . . . Shcpherdia 

Russet B S. canadensis 

Silver B S. argentea 

Yellow B. Hort. var. of Shep- 
herdia canadensis. 

Bugbane Cimicifuga 

American B. . . . C. americana 

Cohosh B C. racemosa 

Dahurian B C. dahurica 

Japanese B C. japonica 

K.\mchatka B. C. foetida simplex 

Bugle Ajuga 

Carpet B A. reptans 

Curly B. {A. metallica crispa] Cy) 

Geneva B A. genevensis 

Purpleleaf B. (Ajuga reptans 
rubra] Cy) 

BuGLELiLY Watsonia 

Irisleaf B W. iridifolia 

White B. (W . iridifolia obrieni] Cy) 

Bugler 

Scarlet-bugler 

Pentstemon centranthifolius 

BuGLEWEED Lycopus 

American B. . . L. americanus 
European B. . . . L. europaeus 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. / r^/ic^synonynis or unapproved names. 



BUGLOSS— BUSH 



51 



BuGLoss Anchusa 

Cape B A. capensis 

Common B A. officinalis 

Dropmore B. Hort. var. of A. 
italica. 

Early B A. barrelieri 

Evergreen B. . A. sempervirens 

Italian B A. italica 

Opal B. Hort. var. of A. italica. 
Siberian B. . . A. myosotidifolia 
Vipers-bugloss .... Echium 
Bulb Bittercress, Bulb Butter- 
cup, etc. See Bittercress, 
Buttercup, etc. 
BULBOPHYLLUM 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

Bulgarian Avens, Bulgarian 
Broom, etc. See Avens, Broom, 
etc. 
Bullhorn Acacia Acacia cornigera 

Bulrush Scirpus 

Great B S. lacustris 

Green B S. atrovirens 

Weeping B S. cernuus 

Zebra B. (Scirpus lacustris zebri- 
nus] Cy) 

BUMALDA BlADDERNUT, BuMALDA 

Spirea, etc. See Bladdernut, 

Spirea, etc. 

BUMELIA BuMELiA 

lycioides .... Buckthorn B. 
Bunch Hawthorn Crataegus delosi 
BuNCHBERRY Comus Canadensis 

Bunchberry Honeysuckle (Lonicera 

minutiflora\ Cy) 
Bunchflower . \ . Melanthium 
BuNCHLEAF English Ivy {Hederci 

helix conglomerata] Cy) 
Bunny Spirea (Spiraea blandtj Cy) 
BuNYA-BUNYA . . Araucaria bidwilli 

BUNYARD GrOUNDCHERRY 

Physalis bunyardi 

BUPHTHALMUM Oxeye 

salicifolium . . Willowleaf O. 
speciosum (cordifolium ; Telekia 
cordifolia) . Heartleaf Oxeye 
Bur 

Butterbur Petasites 

New Zealand Bur 

Acaena microphylla 



Bur Ironweed . . Veraonia crinita 
BURLINGTONIA 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

Burma Conehead, Burma Vallaris, 

etc. See Conehe/U), Vallaris, etc. 

Burnet . . Poterium; Sanguisorba 

American B. . . . S. canadensis 

Japanese B. . Poterium obtusum 

Small B. . . Sanguisorba minor 

Burningbush 

BoxLEAF B. (Euonymus japonicus 

microphyllus]) 
Broad LEAF B. Euonymus latifolius 
Due d'Anjou B. (E. japonicus 

viridivariegatus f) 

Dwarf B E. nanus 

European B. . . . E. europaeus 
Evergreen B. . . E. japonicus 
GiLTEDGE B. (E. japonicus aureo- 

marginatusf) 
GoLDLEAF B. (E. j: aureus]) 
GoldspotB. (E.j. aureovariegatusf) 
Mossy-green B. Hort. var. of E. 

japonicus. 
Pearledge B. (E. japonicus albo- 

marginatusf) 
SiLVERSPOT B. Hort. var. of E. 

japonicus. 
Wahoo (Waahoo) . E. atropurpureus 
Yeli oweye B. (E. japonicus medio- 

pictus]) 
BuRSER Saxifrage 

Saxifraga burseriana 
BuRSTwoRT . . Hemiaria; H. glabra 
Bush 
Burningbush . Euonymus species 
BuTTERFLYBUSH .... Buddloia 
BuTTONBUSH . . Ccphalanthus 
CoRALBusH . Templetonia species 
Cranberrybush Viburnum species 
Fetterbush . . . Pieris lucida 

Glorybush Tibouchina 

Groundselbush 

Baccharis halimifolia 
Hobblebush Viburnum alnifolium 

HoPBusH Dodonaea 

Indigobush . Amorpha fruticosa 
Pearlbush Exochorda 

RiBBONBUSH 

Muehlenbeckia platyclada 



Small CAPiT.\LS=approved common names. Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Gy) (f) see page 1. 



52 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Bush, continued 

Saltbush Atriplex 

Sapsuck-bush 

Buckleya; B. distichophylla 
ScARLETBusH . . Hamelia patens 
Shadbush Shadblow: Amelanchier 
Snowbush . . Phyllanthus species 
Spicebush . Benzoin; B. aestivale 
Staggerbush . . Pieris mariana 
Stratvherrybush .... Brook Eu- 
ONYMUs: Euonymus americanus 

ViOLETBusH lochroma 

Bush Elm, Bush Redpepper, etc. 
See Elm, Redpepper, etc. 

Bushclover Lespedeza 

Japanese B. . L. formosa albiflora 

Purple B L. formosa 

Roundhead B. . . . L. capitata 

Shrub B L. bicolor 

Bush-honeysuckle . . . Diervilla 

Dwarf B D. trifida 

Georgia B D. rivularis 

Southern B. . . D. sessilifolia 
Bushy Arctotis, Bushy Pentste- 
MON, etc. See ' Arctotis, Pent- 
STEMON, etc. 
Butchersbroom 

Ruscus; R. aculeatus 

BUTNERIA . . CALYCANTHUS 

BUTOMUS 

umbellatus . . Flowering-rush 
Butter-and-eggs 
CommonTo.\dflax : Linaria vulgaris 

Butterbur Petasites 

Giant B. {Petasites japonica 
gigantea\ Cy) 

Japanese B P. japonica 

. P. fragrans 



Sweet B. . 
Buttercup . 
Aconite B. 
Bristly B. 
Bulb B. . 
Creeping B 
Grassy B. 
Persian B. 
Swamp B. . 
Tall B. . 
Tufted B. 
Water B. 
Yelloweye B 



Ranunculus 

R. aconitifolius 

. . R. hispidus 

R. bulbosus 

. . R. repens 

. R. gramineus 

R. asiaticus 

R. septentrionalis 

. . . R. acris 

R. fascicularis 

R. delphinifolius 

R. amolexicaulis 



Buttercup Oxalis, Buttercup Win- 
terhazel, etc. See Oxalis, 
Winterhazel, etc. 

Butterfly Bauhinia, Butterfly 
Violet, etc. See Bauhinia, 
Violet, etc. 

Butterflybush Buddleia 

Globe B B. globosa 

Japanese B. . . . B. japonica 
Juno B. {B. davidi superha] Cy) 

LiNDLEY B B. lindleyana 

Orange-eye B. . . . B. davidi 
OxEYE B. {B. d. 7nagmfica'\ Cy) 

Pale B B. officinalis 

Veitch B. (B. davidi veitchi'\ Cy) 

White B B. asiatica 

Wilson B. {B. davidi ivilsonif Cy) 
Wisteria B. . . . B. intermedia 

Butterflyflower . . Schizanthus 

Graham B S. grahami 

Marbled B. (S. pinnaiiis papilio- 

naceus't Cy) 
Orange-rose B. . . . S. retusus 
WiNGLEAF B. . . . S. pinnatus 
Wiseton B. . . . S. wisetonensis 

BuTTERFLY-PEA 

Centrosema; Clitoria 
Piedmont B. 

Centrosema virginianum 

Porcelain B. . Clitoria mariana 

BuTTERFLYWE^D Asclepias tuberosa 

Butternut .... Juglans cinerea 

For horticultural varieties of Butternut 
see American Pomological Society's List 
of Fruits and Nuts, in Appendix. 

Button Cactus 

Mammillaria micromeris 
Buttonbush .... Cephalanthus 
Common B. . . . C. occidentalis 
Button-snakeroot 

Eryngium aquaticum 

BUXUS Box 

balearica Spanish B. 

japonica (B. fortunei; B. micro- 
phylla japonica) . Japanese Box 
sempervirens .... Common B. 
Hort. var. of Buxus: 

Goldedge Box (B. sempervirens 

7narginataj Cy) 
Golden B. (B. s. aurea\ Cy) 
Handsworth B, {B. s. hands- 
worihi]; B. s. handworthi Cy) 



BUXUS— CACTUS 



53 



BUXUS (Hort. var.). continued 

Myrtleleaf Box (Buxus semper- 

virens 7nyrlifolia\ Cy) 
Rosemary B. {B. sem-pervirens ros- 

marinifolia'\ Cy) 
RouNDLEAF B. (B . sempervirens 

rotundijolia] Cy) 
Silver B. {B. s. argentea^ Cy) 
Truedwarf B, {B. sempervirens 

suffruticosa] Cy) 
Truetree B. (^. sempervirens arho' 

rescens^ Cy) 
Variegated Olive B. {B. s. ele- 

gans\ Cy) 
Willow B. {B. s. angustifolia] Cy) 

Cabbage . Brassica oleracea capitata 
. Kohlrabi ... B. o. caulo-rapa 

Pakchoi C B. chinensis 

Petsai C B. pekinensis 

Skunkcabbage 

Symplocarpus foetidus 

Wild C Brassica oleracea 

Cabbage Angelin, Cabbage Gum'^ 
etc. See Angelin, Gum, etc. 

CABOMBA Fanwort 

caroliniana (viridifolia) Fanwort 
— pulcherrima .... Purple F. 
Hort. var. of Cabomba: 

Rose Fanwort (C caroliniana 
rosaefolia\ Cy) 
CACALIA 

coccinea ... . Emilia flammea 

Cacao Theobroma cacao 

CACTUS TuRKSCAP 

melocactus {Melocactus communis) 
Cactus ^^^^^^ Turkscap 

Aaronsbeard C 

Opuntia leucotricha 
Beavertail C. . . . O. basilaris 
Beehive C. . Ferocactus johnsoni 
Bishopshood 

Astrophytum myriostigma 
Bladeapple . Pereskia aculeata 
Broadleaf C. 

Epiphyllum oxypetalum 
Button C. 

Mammillaria micromeris 
Chain C. . . Rhipsalis paradoxa 
Christmas C. 

Zygocactus truncatus 



Cactus, continued 

Cobblersthumb 

Ariocarpus retusus 
Cochineal C. 

Nopalea cochenilUfera 
Coral C. . Hatiora salicornioides 

Crab C Zygocactus 

Creepingdevil C. 

Machaerocereus eruca 
Deerhorn C. Peniocereus greggi 
Devils-pincushion 

Homalocephala texensis 
Easter C 

Schlumbergera gaertneri 
Fishhook C. Ferocactus uncinatus 
Garambullo 

Myrtillocactus geometrizans 
Giant C. . . Carnegiea gigantea 
Golden C. . Echinocactus grusoni 

GOLDENSTAR C. 

Mammillaria stella-aurata 
Hairbrush C. 

Pachycereus pectenaboriginum 
Hatchet C. 

Pelecyphora aselliformis 
King C. . Heliocereus speciosus 
Living-rock 

Ariocarpus; A. fissuratus 
Mandacaru . . Cereus jamacaru 
Mistletoe C. . Rhipsalis cassutha 
Niggerhead C. 

Echinocactus horizonthalonius 
Nightblooming Cereus 

Hylocereus 
Oldman Cactus 

Cephalocereus senilis 
Organpipe C. 

Pachycereus marginatus 

Pereskia Pereskia 

Bush P P. grandifolia 

Peyote . . Lophophora williamsi 

Pricklypear Opuntia 

Common P. . . O. compressa 

QUEEN-OF-THE-NIGHT 

Selenicereus grandiflorus 
Rainbow C. 

Echinocereus rigidissimus 
Rattail C. 

Aporocactus flagelliformis 
Sand C. ... Opuntia arenaria 
Serpent C. 

Nyctocereus serpentinus 



54 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Cactus, continued 

Sevenstars Ariocarpus prismaticus 
Snowball C. Pediocactus simpsoni 

Star C Astrophytum 

TuRKscAP Cactus 

Common T. C. melocact xs 

Velvet C. . Bergerocactus emoryi 
Walkingstick C. 

Opuntia imbricata 
Water C. 

Arizona Water C. 

Ferocactus wislizeni 
SoNORA Water C. . F. covillei 
Cactus Dahlia . . . Dahlia juarezi 
CACTUS GENERA 

For convenience of reference the genera 
and species of Cactus are la ere brought 
together in one consolidated list. 

ACANTHOCEREUS 

pentagonus {Cereus haxaniensis) 
ANHALONIUM ARIOCARPUS 

lewini . . Lophophora williamsi 

williamsi L. williamsi 

APOROCACTUS 

conzatti 

flagelliformis {Cereus flagelliformis) 
Rattail Cactus 

martianus (Cereus martianus Cy) 

ARIOCARPUS . . Living-rock 
fissuratus {Anhalonium fissuratum; 

An. engelmanni) . Living-rock 
kotschoubeyanus (An. kotschou- 

beyaninn; An. sulcatum) 
lloydi 
prismaticus {Anhalonium -prismati- 

cum) Sevenstars 

retusus {An. retusum) 

COBBLERSTHUMB 

ASTROPHYTUM Star Cactus 
capricornis {Echinocactus capri- 

corjiis Cy) 
myriostigma {Echinocactus myrio- 

stigma Cy) . . . Bishopshood 
omatum {E. ornatus Cv) 

BERGEROCACTUS ^ 
emoryi {Cereus emoryi) 

Velvet Cactus 

CACTUS TuRKSCAP 

melocactus {Melocactus communis) 
Common Turkscap 



CACTUS GENERA, continued 

CARNEGIEA . Giant Cactus 
gigantea {Cereus giganteus) 

Giant C. 

CEPHALOCEREUS 
chrysomallus 

Pachycereus chrysomallus 
euphorbioides {Cereus euphorbioi- 

des Cy; C. olfersi) 
polylophus (C. nickelsi) 
senilis {Pilocereus senilis) 

CEREUS Oldman Cactus 

aethiops {coerulescens; C. caeru 

lescens Cy) 
alacriportanus 

alamosensis Rathbunia alamosensis 
amecamensis 

Heliocereus amecamensis 
atropurpureus . Harrisia tortuosa 
azureus 

haumanni Cleistocactus baumanni 
haxaniensis 

Acanthocereus pentagonus 
bonplandi Cy . Harrisia bonplandi 
caerulescens Cy . Cereus aethiops 
calcaratus . Hylocereus calcaratus 
candicans Cy 

Trichocereus candicans 

The name C. candicans is often misap- 
plied to Echinocereus rigidissim'-s. 

chiotilla .... Escontria chiotilla 
coccineus . Heliocereus speciosus 
coeridescens . . Cereus aethiops 
colubrinus . Monvillea cavendishi 
costaricensis 

Hylocereus costaricensis 
donkelaari Selenicereus donkelaari 
dumortieri 

Lemaireocereus dumortieri 

eburneus L. eburneus 

emoryi . . Bergerocactus emoryi 
eriophorus . . Harrisia eriophora 
eruca . . Machaerocereus eruca 
euphorbioides Cy 

Cephalocereus euphorbioides 
flageUiJormis 

Aporecactus flagelliformis 

forbesi Cereus validus 

gemmatus 

Myrtillocactus geometrizans 



BOLD-face^approved scientific names. JTAZic^synonyms or unapproved names. 



CACTUS GENERi^ 



55 



CACTUS GENERA (CEREUS), continued 
geometrizans 

Myrtillocactus geometrizans 
giganteus . . Camegiea gigantea 

gracilis Harrisia gracilis 

grandiflorus 

Selenicereus grandiflorus 
greggi .... Peniocereus greggi 
gummosus 

Machaerocereus gummosus 
haynaius . Selenicereus hamatus 
hankeanus Cy . . Cereus validus 
hildmannianus 
irradians Selenicereus boeckmanni 

jamacaru Mandacaru 

lamprochlorus Cy 

Trichocereus lamprochlorus 
lemairei . . . Hylocereus lemairei 
macdonaldiae 

Selenicereus macdonaldiae 
macrogonus Cy 

Trichocereus macrogonus 
mammillatus 

Echinocereus mammillatus 
marginatus 

Pachycereus marginatus 
raartianus Cy 

Aporocactus martianus 
martini Cy . . . Harrisia martini 
nickelsi Cephalocereus polylophus 
nycticallus Selenicereus pteranthus 
obtusangulus 

Epiphyllanthus obtusangulus 
ocamponis . Hylocereus ocamponis 
olfersi 

Cephalocereus euphorbioides 
'pecien-ahoriginum 

Pachycereus pectenaboriginum 
'pentagonu^ 

Acanthocereus pentagonus 
peruvianus 

pringlei . . Pachycereus pringlei 
repandus 

The plant in cultivation under this name 
is Harrisia gracilis. The true Cereus 
repandus of botanists is not in the trade. 

rostratus . Selenicereus hamatus 
serpentinus 

Nyctocereus serpentinus 
setaceus . . Mediocactus coccineus 



CACTUS GENERA (CEREUS), continued 

spachianus Cy 

Trichocereus spachianus 
speciosus . Heliocereus speciosus 
spinulosus Selenicereus spinulosus 
stellatus . . Trichocereus stellatus 
stenopterus Hylocereus stenopterus 
thelegonus Trichocereus thelegonus 
thurberi . Lemaireocereus thurberi 
tortuosus . . . Harrisia tortuosa 
triangularis Hylocereus triangularis 
tuberosus . . Wilcoxia poselgeri 
validus (forbesi; C. ha7ikeanus Cy) 
weberi . . Lemaireocereus weberi 

CLEISTOCACTUS 
baumanni {Cereus baumanni) 

DISOCACTUS 

biformis {Phyllocactus biformis) 

ECHINOCACTUS 
albatus 
anfractuosus 

beguini . . . NeoUoydia beguini 
bicolor Cy . . Thelocactus bicolor 
capricornis Cy 

Astrophytum capricornis 
coptonogonus 

cornigerus Cy Ferocactus latispinus 
crispatus 

cylindraceus Cy . . F. acanthodes 
denudatus 

Gymnocalycium denudatum 
electr acanthus Cy 

Ferocactus melocactiformis 
emoryi Cy . . Ferocactus covillei 
gibbosus Gymnocalycium gibbosum 
grusoni .... Golden Cactus 
helophonis 
heterochromus 

Thelocactus heterochromus 
hexaedrophorus Cy 

T. hexaedrophorus 
horizonthalonius 

NiGGERHEAD CaCTUS 

humilis 
ingens 
intertextus Cy 

Echinomastus intertextus 
johnsoni Cy . Ferocactus johnsoni 
krausei 



Small CAPiTALS=approved common names. Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (f) see page 1. 



56 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



CACTUS GENERA (ECHINOC ACTUS) , cont. 

lecontei Cy . . Ferocactus lecontei 
leninghausei 

Malacocarpus leninghausei 
leucacanthus Cy 

Thelocactus leucacanthus 
longihamaius Cy 

Ferocactus longihamatus 
lophothele . Thelocactus lophothele 
macdowelU 

Echinomastus macdowelli 
rtianunulosus 

Malacocarpus mammulosus 
minusculus . . Rebutia minuscula 
mosti . . . Gymnocalycium mosti 
multicostatus 

7nultiflorus . . . . G. multiflorum 
myriostigma Cy 

Astrophytum myriostigma 

ornatus Cy A. ornatum 

ottonis Cy . Malacocarpus ottonis 
peninsulae . Ferocactus peninsulae 
pfeifferi Cy . . . . F. glaucescens 

pilosus Cy F. pilosus 

polycephalus 

recurvus Cy F. nobilis 

robustus Cy F. robustus 

scheeri F. scheeri 

schickendantzi 

Gymnocalycium schickendantzi 
schilinzkyanus 

Frailea schilinzkyanus 
setispinus Hamatocactus setispinus 
simpsoni . Pediocactus simpsoni 
submammulos us 

Malacocarpus submammulosus 

tabidaris M. tabularis 

tetraxiphus 

texensis . Homalocephala texensis 

turbiniformis 

Strombocactus turbiniformis 
uncinatus Cy Ferocactus uncinatus 
unguispiniis 

Echinomastus unguispinus 
whipplei Cy . Ferocactus whipplei 
ivislizeni Cy F. wislizeni 

ECHINOCEREUS 
acifer 
baileyi 
berlandieri 
caespitosus 



CACTUS GENERA(ECHINOCEREUS), cont. 

cnndicans . . . . E. rigidissimus 

chloranthus 

cinerascens 

coccineus 

conglomeratus 

ctenoides 

dasyacanthus 

dubius 

engelmanni 

enneacanthus 

fendleri 

knippelianus 

mammillatus (Cereus mammillatus) 

merkeri 

mojavensis 

paucispinus 

pectinatus 

phoeniceus 

polyacanthus 

procumbens 

rigidissimus (candicans) 

Rainbow Cactus 
roemeri 
stramineus 
viridiflorus 

ECHINOMASTUS 
intertextus {Echinocactus inter- 

textus Cy) 
macdowelli {E. ynacdowelli) 
unguispinus {E. unguispinus) 

ECHINOPSIS 
eyriesi 
gemmata 
muelleri 
multiplex 
nigricans 
oxygona 
pentlandi 
tubiflora • 

EPIPHYLLANTHUS 
obtusangulus {Cereus obtusangulus) 

EPIPHYLLUM 
ackermanni {Phyllocactus acker- 

manni) 
anguliger (P. anguliger) 
crenatum (P. crenatus) 
gaertneri Schlumbergera gaertneri 
hookeri {Phyllocactus hookeri) 
oxypetalum {latifrons; P. latifrons) 
Broadleaf Cactus 



CACTUS GENERA 



57 



CACTUS GENERA (EPIPHYLLUM), cont. 
phyllanthoides {Phyllocactus phyl- 

lanthoides) 
russellianuni 

Schlumbergera russelliana 

— gaertneri S. gaertneri 

stenopetalum {Phyllocactus steno- 

petalus) 
strictum (P. strictus) 
truncatum . Zygocactus truncatus 

ESCONTRIA 
chiotilla (Cereus chiotilla) 

FEROCACTUS 
acanthodes {Echinococtus cylin- 

draceus Cy) 
covillei {E. emoryi Cy) 

SoNORA Water Cactus 
glaucescens {E. pfeifferi Cy) 
johnsoni (E. johnsojii Cy) 

Beehive C. 
latispinus (E. cornigerus Cy) 
lecontei {E. lecontei Cy) 
longihamatus (E. longihamatus Cy) ' 
melocactiformis {Echinocactus elec- 

tracanthus Cy) 
nobilis {E. recurvus Cy) 
peninsulae {E. peninsulae) 
pilosus (E. pilosus Cy) 
robustus {E. robustus Cy) 
scheeri {E. scheeri) 
uncinatus (E. uncinatus Cy) 
Whipple! {E. whipplei Cy) 
wislizeni (E. wislizeni Cy) 

Arizona Water Cactus 

GYMNOCALYCIUM 
denudatum {Echinocactus denu- 

datus) 
gibbosum {E. gihbosus) 
mosti {E. mosti) 
multiflorum {E. inultiflorus) 
schickendantzi {E. schickendantzi) 

HAMATOCACTUS 
setispinus {E. setispinus) 

HARIOTA .... HATIORA 

HARRISIA 
bonplandi {Cereus bonplandi Cy) 
eriophora {C. eriophorus) 
gracilis 

martini (C inartini Cy) 
tortuosa (C atropurpureus ; C. tor- 

tuosus Cy) 



CACTUS GENERA, coiitiiiued 

HATIORA 

salicornioides (Hariota salicornioi- 

des; Rhipsalis salicornioides) 

Coral Cactus 

HELIO CEREUS 
amecamensis {Cereus amecamensis; 

H . amccaensis Cy) 
elegantissimus 
speciosus {Cereus speciosus; C. coc- 

cineus) .... King Cactus 

HOMALOCEPHALA 
texensis {Echinocactus texensis Cy) 

HYLOCEREUS 

NiGHTBLOOMING CeREUS 

calcaratus {Cereus calcaratus) 
costairicensis {C. costaricensis) 
lemairei (C lemairei) 
ocamponis (C. ocamponis) 
stenopterus (C stenopterus) 
triangularis (C. triangularis) 
undatus 

LEMAIREO CEREUS 
dumortieri {Cereus dumortieri) 
eburneus (C. eburneus) 
eruca . . Machaerocereus eruca 
stellatus (C. stellatus) 
thurberi {C. thurberi) 
weberi {C. weberi) 

LOPHOPHORA . . . Peyote 
williamsi {lewini; Anhalonium lew- 

ini; A. williamsi) . . Peyote 

M ACHAERO CEREUS 
eruca {Cereus eruca; Lemaireocereus 

eruca Cy) 

Creepingdevil Cactus 
gummosus {C. gummosus; L. gum- 

mosus Cy) 

MALACO CARPUS 
leninghausei {Echinocactus len- 

inghausei) 
mammulosus {E. mammulosus) 
ottonis {E. ottonis Cy) 
submammulosus {E. subinarnmu- 

losus) 
tabularis {E. tabularis) 

MAMMILLARIA 
angularis 
applanata 
arizonica 



58 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



CACTUS GENERA (MAMMILLARIA), cont. 

bicolor 

bocasana 

Candida 

caputmedusae 

carnea 

carreti 

celsiana 

centricirrha 

— macrantha 

cirrhifera 

clava 

conoidea 

cornifera 

decipiens 

dioica 

dolichocentra 

echinus 

elegans 

elephantidens 

elongata 

erecta 

eriacantha 

formosa 

gigantea 

gracilis 

grahami 

gummifera 

halei 

heeseana 

heyderi 

lasiacantha 

leona 

lesaunieri 

longimamma 

macromeris 

meiacantha 

melanocentra 

micromeris . . Button Cactus 

microthele 

minima 

missouriensis 

mutabilis 

nickelsi 

nivea 

nuttalli 

parkinsoni 

pectinata 

perbella 

phellosperma 



CACTUS GENERA (MAMMILLARIA), cont. 

plumosa 

polyedra 

potosina 

pusilla 

radians 

radiosa 

raphidacantha 

recurvata 

rhodantha 

robustispina 

roseana 

scheeri 

schelhasei 

seitziana 

sempervivi 

senilis 

setispina 

sphaerica 

spinosissima 

stella-aurata . Goldenstar Cactus 

strobiliformis 

tuberculata 

uncinata 

vivipara 

wildi 

wrighti 

zephyranthoides 

MEDIOCACTUS 

coccineus {Cereiis setaceiis) 

MONVILLEA 
cavendishi (Cereus cavendishi) 

MYRTILLOCACTUS 

geometrizans {Cereus geometrizans) 
Garambullo 

NEOLLOYDIA 

beguini {Echinocicins beguini) 

NOPALEA 
auberi 

cochenillifera . Cochineal Cactus 
dejecta 

NYCTOCEREUS 
serpentinus {Cereus serpentinus) 

Serpent C. 

OPUNTIA . . Pricklypear 

! arbor escef IS . . .. O. imbricata 

j arenaria .... Sand Cactus 

basilaris Beavertail C. 



BOLD-face==approved scientific names. I T Alic^^y nonyms or unapproved names. 



CACTUS GENERA 



59 



CACTUS GENERA (OPUNTIA), continued 

bigelovi 

brasiliensis 

compressa . Common Pricklypear 

emoryi 

engelmanni 

ficus-indica 

fragilis 

imbricata (arborescens) 

Walkingstick Cactus 
leptocaulis 

leucotricha . . . Aaronsbeard C. 
mesacantha 
microdasys 

■monacantha O. vulgaris 

phaeacantha 

polyacantha 

robusta 

subulata (Pereskia subulala) 

tomentosa 

tuna 

vulgaris {monacantha) 

PACHYCEREUS 
chrysomallus (Cephalocereus chry- 

somallus) 
marginatus (Cereus 7narginatus) 

Organpipe Cactus 
pectenaboriginum (C. pecten-abori- 

ginum) . . Hairbrush Cactus 
pringlei (C. pringlei) 

PEDIOCACTUS 

simpsoni {Echinocactus simpsoni) 

Snowball Cactus 
PELECYPHORA 
aselliformis .... Hatchet C. 
pectinata 

PENIOCEREUS 

greggi (Cereus greggi) Deerhorn C. 

PERESKIA .... Pereskia 

aculeata Bladeapple 

grandifolia (bleo) Bush Pereskia 

nicoyana 

subulata . . . Opuntia subulata 

PHYLLOCACTUS 

EPIPHYLLUM 
biformis . . Disocactus biformis 

PILOCEREUS 

CEPHALOCEREUS 



CACTUS GENERA, continued 

RATHBUNIA 
alamosensis (Cereus alamosensis) 

REBUTIA 
minuscula (Echinocactus vvinus- 

culus) 

RHIPSALIS 
cassutha (R. cassytha Cy) 

Mistletoe Cactus 

paradoxa Chain C. 

salicomioides 

Hatiora salicomioides 

SCHLUMBERGERA 
gaertneri (Epiphyllum gaertneri) 
Easter Cactus 
russelliana (E. russelliana) 

SELENICEREUS 
boeckmanni (Cereus irradians) 
donkelaari (C. donkelaari) 
grandiflorus (C. grandiflorus) 

QUEEN-OF-THE-NIGHT 

hamatus (C. hamatus; C. rostralus) 
macdonaldiae (C. niacdonaldioe) 
pteranthus (C. nycticallus) 
spinulosus (C. spinidosus) 

STROMBOCACTUS 
turbiniformis (Echinocactus tur- 

biniformis Cy) 

THELOCACTUS 

bicolor [Echinocactus bicolor Cy) 
heterochromus (E. heterochromus) 
hexaedrophorus (Echinocactus hex- 

aedrophorus Cy) 
leucacanthus (E. leucacanthus Cy) 
lophothele (E. lophothele; E. lo- 

pothele Cy) 

TRICHOCEREUS 
candicans (Cereus candicans Cy) 
lamprochlorus (Cereus lamprochlo- 

rus Cy) 
macrogonus (C. macrogonus Cy) 
spachianus (C. spachianus Cy) 
thelegonus (C. thelegonus) 

WILCOXIA 
poselgeri (Cereus tuberosus) 

ZYGOCACTUS . Crab Cactus 

truncatus (Epiphyllum truncatum) 

Christmas Cactus 



Small CAPiTALS=approved common names. Alibreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (f) see page 1. 



60 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



CAESALPINIA 

coriaria Diyi-divi 

crista Nickernut 

echinata Brazilwood 

gillie si 

nuga Wood-gossip 

pulcherrima (Poinciana pidcher- 
rima Ag) . . . Flowerfence 

regia Poinciana regia 

sappan Sappan 

sepiaria .... Mysore Thorn 
Caimito Pom Star- 
apple : Chrysophyllum cainito 
Cajeput-tree 

Melaleuca leucadendron 
Calabash 

Sweet-calabash 

Passiflora multiformis 
Calabash Gourd 

Lagenaria leucantha 
Cal.abash-tree Crescentia; C. cujete 
Calaba-tree . Calophyllum calaba 
Calabrian Soapwort 

Saponaria calabrica 
CALACINUM Ag 

MUEHLENBECKIA 
CALADIUM 

esculentum . . Colocasia esculenta 
Caladium 

Black C. Hort. var. of Colocasia 
Spotted C. 

Colocasia neoguineensis 
CALAMINTHA 

alpina Satureia alpina 

Calamondin Citrus mitis 

CALAMPELIS 

ECCREMOCARPUS 
Calamus-root 

Sweetflag: Acorus calamus 

CALANDRINIA . . Rockpurslane 

grandiflora .... Common R. 

menziesi (speciosa) . . Redmaids 

umbellata 

Peruvian Rockpurslane 
CALANTHE 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

CALATHEA 

illustris {Maranta illustris) 
insignis (M. insignis) 
makoyana (M. 7nakoyana) 



CALATHEA, continued 

roseopicta 

Sander iana (Maranta sanderiana) 

vandenheckei (C. picturata Ag; M. 

vandenheckei) 
vittata (M. vittata) 
CALCEOLARIA . . . Calceolaria 

Under the American Rules, the name of 
this genus is Fagelia. 

herbeohybrida-\ Cy 

Voss Calceolaria 

See hort. var. list below. 

integrifolia (rugosa) . . . Bush C. 

pinnata Feather C. 

profusai Cy .... Clibran C. 
scabiosaefolia . . . Bedding C. 
veitchi^ Cy Veitch C. 

See hort. var. list below. 

Hort. var. of Calceolaria: 

Clibran Calceolaria {Calceolaria 

profusa^ Cy) 
Veitch C. (C. veitchi^ Cy) 
Voss C. (C. herheohybrida'\ Cy; hy- 
brid a) 
CALENDULA .... Calendula 
oflacinalis 

(Pot-marigold) Calendula 
pluvialis . Dimorphotheca annua 
pongei . Double Cape-marigold 

Hort. var. of Dimorphotheca annua. 

Calico Bush . Kalmia: Kalmia latifolia 
Calico Collinsia (Collinsia bicolor 

multicolor] Cy) 
Calicoflower . Aristolochia elegans 
California Buckeye, California 
Buckthorn, etc. See Buckeye, 
Buckthorn, etc. 
California-laurel 

Umbellularia calif ornica 
California-nutmeg 

Torreya califomica 
California-poppy . . Eschscholtzia 

Common C E. calif ornica 

Douglas C E. c. douglasi 

Orange C E. c. crocea 

Threadleaf C. . . E. tenuifolia 
CALIMERIS 

incisa (Aster incisus Ag) 
CALLA 

aethiopica Zantedeschia aethiopica 
ellioltiana Z. elliottiana 



CALLA— CALLISTEPHUS 



61 



CALLA, contimiod 

palustris Wild Calla 

richardia 
Probably Zantedeschia aethiopica 

Calla Zantedeschia 

Black C. . . Arum palaestinum 
Common C. Zantedeschia aethiopica 
Golden C. Zantedeschia elliottiana 
Plume C. . Arisaema fimbriatum 
Spotted C. . . . Z. albomaculata 
Wild C Calla palustris 

Callery Pear Pyrus calleryana 

CALLICARPA . . . Beautyberry 
americana .... American B. 

japonica Japanese B. 

purpurea (C. dichotoma Cy-Ag-Ar) 
Chinese Beautyberry 

Hort. var. of Callicarpa: 

White Beautyberry (C ameri- 
cana alba'\ Cy) 

CALLIOPSIS . . . COREOPSIS 

Calliopsis . . Coreopsis tinctori§ 

CALLIRHOE . . . Poppy-mallow 
involucrata {verticillata) . Low P. 
pedata Tall P. 

CALLISTEMMA Ag 

CALLISTEPHUS 

CALLISTEMON Bottlebrush 

citrinus Ag . . . C. lanceolatus 
coccineus . Scarlet Bottlebrush 
cunninghami . Cunningham B. 
florihundus . . . C. lanceolatus 
hybridus . Hybrid Bottlebrush 
lanceolatus (C. citrinus Ag; C. 
florihundus; Metrosideros flori- 
bunda; M. semperflorens) 

Lemon Bottlebrush 

robustus Stout B. 

salignus viridiflorus . Green B. 

speciosus Showy B. 

splendens 

CALLISTEPHUS . . China-aster 

chinensis {Callistemma chinense 

Ag) China-aster 

Hort. var. of C. chinensis: 

The American Joint Committee ac- 
knowledges its indebtedness to W. H. 
Dildine, President of James Vick's 
Sons, Rochester, N. Y., who has com- 
piled the following list of China-aster 
names. Among the names of originators 
that of James Vick's Sons is shortened 
to Vick. 



CALLISTEPHUS (Hort. var.), continued 

America. (Vick & Hill Co.) 
American Beauty. (Bodger.) 
American Branching. Vick 

Branching. 
American Comet 
Astermums. Triumph Comet. 
Autumn Glory. (Vick.) 
Beauty. American Beauty 
Bettridge Quilled 
BoLTZE Dwarf Bouquet 
Branching Comet. HohenzoUern. 
Cardinal. (Vick.) 
Carlson Branching. Vick 

Branching. 
Chrysanthemum . 

This name is used indiscriminately for 

Giant Comet, American Comet, and 

Ostrich Plume. 

Crego. Mikado. 

Crego Pink 

Daybreak Imperial. (Vick.) 

Early Wonder 

Empress 

Express Comet. Giant Comet. 

Giant Comet. Express Comet. 

Giant Imperial 

HohenzoUern. Branching Comet. 

Heart of France. (Vick.) 

Heart of Rochester. (Vick.) 

Imperial Purity. Purity. 

Invincible. Vick Branching. 

King. (Vick.) 

Lady Roosevelt. Vick Rose Branch- 
ing. 

Late Branching. Vick Branch- 
ing. 

Late Upright. (Vick.) 

Lavender Gem. (Vick.) 

Lavender Pink. (Vick.) 

Mary Semple. Semple Pink. 

Mikado. (Vick.) Crego. 

MoRETON Pink. (Harris.) 

Ostrich Plume 

Pacific Beauty. American Beauty. 

Peerless Pink. (Dreer.) 

Peerless Yellow. (Vick.) 

Pink Beauty. (Burpee.) 

Pink Enchantress. (Vick.) 

Purity. Imperial Purity. 

Queen of Market. Queen of the 
Earlies. 



62 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



CALLISTEPHUS (Hort. var.), continued 

Queen of the Earlies. Queen of 

Market. 
Rochester. (Vick.) 
Rosy Red. (Vick.) 
Royal. (Vick.) 

Royal Stripe. (Storrs& Harrison.) 
Semple Branching 
Semple Pink. Mary Semple. 
Sensation 

Silvery Pink. (Vick.) 
Silvery Rose. (Vick.) 
Snowdrift. (Vick.) 
Triumph Comet. (Vick.) Aster- 

viums. 
Truffaut Peony-flowered 
Vick Branching. American Branch- 
ing, Carlson Branching, Invin- 
cible, Late Branching. 
Vick Rose Branching. Lady 

Roosevelt. 
Victoria 

White Fleece. (Dreer.) 
CALLITRIS 

quadrivalvis Arar-tree 

rhomboidea (australis) 

Drooping Cypress-pine 

robusta Cypress-pine 

CALLUNA Heather 

vulgaris {Erica vulgaris) 

{Scotch Heather) Heather 
Hort. var. of C. vulgaris: 

Alport Heather (C. vulgaris 

alporti] Cy) 
Brush H. {rigida) 
Dwarf White H. {alba minor) 
Flesh H. (C. vulgaris carnea'\ Cy) 
Moss H. {C. V. nanat Cy; pygmaea) 
Red H. {C. v. rubral Cy) 
Searle H. (C v. searlei} Cy) 
Slent)er H. {tenella) 
White H. (C. v. aibat Cy) 
Woolly H. (C. v. hirsuta\ Cy; 
tomentosa) 
CALOCARPUM Ag . . LUCUMA 
CALOCHORTUS . . . Mariposa 
albus .... White Globe-tulip 
— rubellus {amoenus; A. albus 
amoenus Cy) . Pink Globe-tulip 

See also hort. var. list opposite. 
BOLD-face^approved scientific names. 



CALOCHORTUS, continued 
amabilis Cy 

Calochortus pulchellus amabilis 
amoenus .. . C. albus rubellus 
benthami Cy . . . C. monophyllus 
caeruleus . . Sierra Pussy-ears 
— maweanus . . . . C. maweanus 
catalinae . Catalina Mariposa 
clavatus . . . Goldenbowl M. 

gunnisoni Gunnison M. 

howelli Howell M. 

leichtlini Smoky M. 

lilacinus C. uniflorus 

luteus .... Yellow Mariposa 
— citrinus {venustus citrinus) 

Lemon M. 
— oculatus . . . Brown-eyed M. 

— vestae Vesta M. 

macrocarpus . . Sagebrush M. 
maweanus {caeruleus maweanus) 

Coast Pussy-ears 
— major Big P. 

See also hort. var. list below. 

monophyllus (C benthami Cy) 

Yellow P. 
nitidus . . Purple-eye Mariposa 

nuttalli Sego-lily 

plummerae {Calochortus weedi pur- 
purascens Cy) . Santa Mariposa 
pulchellus . Canary Globe-tulip 
— amabilis {A. amabilis Cy) 

Golden G. 
purdyi .... Purdy Pussy-ears 
splendens . . . Lilac Mariposa 
uniflorus {lilacinus) . . Fairy M. 

venustus White M. 

— citrinus . . . C. luteus citrinus 

See also hort. var. list below. 

weedi . . San Diego ]\L\riposa 
— purpurascens Cy C. plummerae 
Hort. var. of Calochortus: 

El Dorado Mariposa. Hort. var. 

of C. venustus. 
Pearl Globe-tulip. Hort. var. of 

C. albus. 
Pink Pussy-ears (C. maweanus ro- 

sei/st Cy) 
CALONYCTION . . Moonflower 
aculeatum {Ipomoea bona-nox; I. 

noctiflora) .... Moonflower 

I T Alic^synonyms or unapproved names. 



CALOPHYLLUM— CAMPANULA 



63 



CALOPHYLLUM 

calaba ...... Calaba-tree 

CALOPOGON 

pulchellus (Limodonim tuberosum 
Ag; L. pidchelluni) 

Grass-pink Orchid 
CALTHA .... Marshmarigold 
leptosepala 
palustris . . . Marshmarigold 

polypetala Great M. 

Hort. var. of Marshmarigold, C. 
palustris : 
DoLTBLE {inonstrosa-pleno) 
Semi-double (seiniplena) 
CALYCANTHUS (BUTNERIA) 

SWEETSHRUB 

fertilis (C. fertilis ferax Ag-Ar) 

Smooth S. 
— glaucus {C.fertilisAg-Av) PaleS. 

floridus Common S. 

— ovatus Broadleaf S. 

occidentalis {macro phyllus) 

California S.^ 
praecox .... Meratia praecox 

CALYPSO Calypso 

bulbosa {Cylherea bulbosa Ag ; 
Calypso borealis) . . . Calypso 

CALYSTEGIA . CONVOLVULUS 
CAMAROTIS 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

Camas . . . See Camassia, below 

CAMASSIA Camas 

cusicki {Quamasia cusicki Ag) 

CusiCK C. 
leichtlini (Q. leichtlini Ag) 

Leichtlin C. 
quamash {Q. quamash Ag; C. escu- 

lenta) Common Camas 

CAMELLIA Camellia 

japonica Common C. 

sasanqua .... Sasanqua Tea 

thea Thea sinensis 

Camomile Anthemis 

Big C. {A. nobilis grandiflora'\ Cy) 

Common C A. nobilis 

False-camomile . . . Matricaria 
Feverfew-camomile 

M. parthenoides 

Sm.\ll CAPiTALS=approved common names. 



Camomile, continued 

Kelway C. Hort. var. of Anthemis 

tinctoria. 
Pale C. . Anthemis tinctoria pallida 
White-rim C. Hort. var. of A. 

tinctoria. 

Yellow C A. tinctoria 

CAMPANULA . . . Bellflower 
alliariaefolia . . . Spurred B. 
amabilis . . . . C. phytidocalyx 
americana . . Tall Bellflower 

attica C. drabifolia 

barbata . . Bearded Bellflower 
calycanthema Cup-and-saucer B. 

Hort. var. of C. medimn. 

carpatica .... Carpathian B. 

See also hort. var. list on page 64. 

dahurica . C. glomerata dahurica 
drabifolia (nttica) 

Greek Bellflower 

glomerata Danesblood 

— dahurica Dahurian Bellflower 

See also hort. var. list on page 64. 

grandiflora 

Platycodon grandiflorum 

grandis C. latiloba 

grosseki . Grossek Bellflower 

isophylla Italian B. 

lactiflora Milky B. 

latifolia Great B. 

— macrantha .... Royal B. 

latiloba {grandis) . . Olympic B. 

longestyla 

lorei {loreyi) . . . C. ramosissima 

macrantha 

A name sometimes misapplied to C. lat- 
ifolia macrantha and to Wand Bell- 
flower, hort. var. of C. persicifolia. 

macrostyla 

Anatolian Bellflower 
medium . . Canterbury-bells 

See also hort. var. list on page 64. 

mirabilis . Wonder Bellflower 

nobilis C. punctata 

persicifolia 

Peachleaf Bellflower 

See also hort. var. list on page 64. 

phytidocalyx {amabilis) 

Armenian B. 
portenschlagiana . Dalmatian B. 
primulaefolia Portuguese B. 

Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (f) see page 1. 



64 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



CAMPANULA, continued 

punctata (nohilis) 

Spotted Bellflower 
pyramidalis .... Chimney B. 

See also hort. var. list below. 

ramosissima (lorei; loreyi) 

Bluest AR B. 
rapunculoides . False Rampion 

rapunculus Rampion 

rhomboidalis 

Diamond Bellflower 

rotundifolia Harebell 

speculum . Specularia speculum 
trachelium . . Coventry-bells 
turbinata . . . Top Bellflower 

Hort. var. of C. carpatica. 
vnnhouttei'\ Cy . . Vanhoutte B. 

See hort. var. list below. 

vidali Azores B. 

Hort. var. of Campanula: 

CUP-AND-SAUCER BeLLFLOWER (C 

medium calycanthema'\ Cy) 
Fairy B. Hort. var. of C. persici- 

folia. 
Low Cluster B. (C. glomerata 

acaulis-\ Cy) 
Moerheim B. (C. persicifolia moer- 

hei7ni'\ Cy) 
Petticoat B. {persicifolia alba 

graridiflora) 
Showy Cluster B. (C. glomerata 

superba\ Cy) 
Top B. (C. carpatica turbinata\ Cy) 
Vanhoutte B. (C. vanhouttei\ Cy) 
Wand B. (C. persicifolia macran- 

tha\ Cy) 
White Carpathian B. (C. car- 
patica alba] Cy) 
White Chimney B. (C. pyramidalis 
alba] Cy) 
Campbell Aubrietia (A. deUoidea 

campbelli] Cy) 
CAMPE Ag .... BARB ARE A 
Camperdown Elm ( Ulmus glabra 

camperdowni] Cy) 
C AMPHORA . . CINNAMOMUM 
Camphor-tree 

Cinnamomum camphora 
Campion Lychnis; Silene 

See also C.-^.tchfly. 

Arctic C. ... Lychnis alpina 



Campion, continued 

Ban AT C Silene asterias 

Brilliant C. . . Lychnis fulgens 

Clammy C L. viscaria 

Crimson Globe C. 

Silene asterias grandiflora 
Crown C. . . Lychnis coronata 
Double Ragged-robin (L. floscu- 

culi plenissima] Cy) 
Double Red Arctic C. Hort. var 

of L. alpina. 
Double Rosepink C. Hort. var. of 
L. viscaria. 

Evening C L. alba 

Flag Campion {Lychnis viscaria ele- 

gans] Cy) 
Flower-of-Jove . . . L. flosjovis 
Haage C. {Lychnis haageana] Cy ) 
Maltese Cross . L. chalcedonica 
Mexican Campion Silene laciniata 

Moss C S. acaulis 

Purple - eye Rose - of - heaven 

{Lychnis coelirosa oculata] Cy) 
Ragged-robin . Lychnis floscuculi 

Red C L. dioica 

Rose C L. coronaria 

Rose-of-heaven . . L. coelirosa 
Rosepink C. {Lychnis viscaria 
splendens] Cy) 

Sea C Silene maritima 

SiEBOLD C. {Lychnis coronata sie- 
boldi] Cy) 

Snowy C Silene nivea 

Starry C S. stellata 

White Arctic C. Hort. var. of 

Lychnis alpina. 
White Maltese Cross. Hort. var. 
of L. chalcedonica. 
CAMPSIS Cy . . . BIGNONIA 
CAMPTOSORUS . Walking Fern 
rhizophyllus . . . Walking Fern 
Camwood .... Baphia racemosa 
Canada Barberry, Canada Blue- 
berry, etc. See Barberry, 
Blueberry, etc. 
Canaigre . Rumex hymenosepalus 
CANANGIUM . . Ylang-ylang 
odoratum .... Ylang-ylang 
Canary Broom, Canary Pine, etc. 

See Broom, Pine, etc. 
Canarybalm . . Cedronella triphylla 



CANBY— CANNA 



Go 



Canby Pachistima, Canby Vibur- 
num, etc. See Pachistima, Vi- 
burnum, etc. 
Candelabra Dahlia, Candelabra 
Deutzia, etc. See Dahlia, 
Deutzia, etc. 
Candle 

Desertcandle . . . Eremurus 
Swampcandle 

Lysimachia terrestris 
Candle Anemone 

Anemone cylindrica 
Candlenut-tree 

Aleurites moluccana 
Candlestick Lily . Lilium dauricum 
Candletree . Parmentiera cerif era 

Candytuft Iberis 

Comb LEAF C. . . . I. pectinata 
Common White C. . . .1. amara 
Evergreen C. . I. sempervirens 
Gibraltar C. . . I. gibraltarica 

Purple C I. umbellata 

Rock C I. saxatiiis. 

Rocket C. (/. amara coronarin] Cy) 

Sweet C I. odorata 

Tenore C I. tenoreana 

Cane 
Dwarf C. Phyllostachys ruscifolia 
Small C. . . . Arundinaria tecta 
Southern C. . A. macrosperma 
Sugarcane Saccharum ofRcinarum 

See also Bamboo. For consolidated list 
of the genera, species, and varieties of 
Bamboo and Cane, see BAMBOO 
GENERA, page 34. 

Canistel .... Lucuma nervosa 

CANNA Canna 

indica Canna 

Hort. var. of Canna: 

This list compiled by Robert Pyle, Pros. 
Conard & Jones Co., West Grove, Pa. 

Abraham Lincoln 

Admiral Avellan 

Admiral Schley 

A. Eisenbarth 

Africa 

Alba Rosea Grandiflora. Peach- 

hlow. 
Alberta 
Albino 
Allemania 
Alphonse Bouvier 
Alsace 



CANNA (Ilort. var.), continur.l 

America 

American Beauty 

American Flag 

Ami Pichon 

Annie Laurie 

Antoine Crozy 

Aphrodite 

Apricot 

Augusta 

Augusta. Cuba. 

Aurora 

Austria 

Baltimore 

Beacon 

Beaute des Marches 

Beaute Poitevine 

Betsy Ross 

BiSZTRA 

Black Beauty 

Black Prince 

Black Warrior 

Blanche Wintzer 

Blazing Torch 

Bracia Hoser 

Brand YwiNE 

Brilliant 

Bronze Olympic. Pocahontas 

BURBANK 

Buttercup 

California. Klondike. 

Candelabra 

Carmine Beauty 

Chameleon 

Champion 

Charles Henderson 

Chautauqua 

Cheerfulness 

Cherokee 

Chicago 

Cinnabar 

City of Portland 

Clara Barton 

Cleopatra 

Cloth of Gold 

Columbia 

Comte de Bouchaud 

CoMTE de Sachs 

Comte Horace Choisel 

Conard Junior 

Conowingo 

Conqueror 



66 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



CANNA (Hort. var.), continued 

Coronet 

Coronet Impro\t:d 

Count Raoul Chandon 

Cuba. Augusta. 

Czerna 

David Harum 

Daybreak 

Dazzler 

Defender 

Depute Ravarin 

Directeur Potier 

Director Holtze 

Discolor 

Distinction 

Dr. Balz. Prof. Dr. Bah. 

Dr. Cavet 

Dr. Dock 

Dr. E. Ackernecht 

Dr. Mene 

Dr. Nansen 

Dr. Vidal 

Dragon 

Druid Hill 

Duchess of Marlborough 

Duchess of York 

Duke of Marlborough 

Duke of York 

Eastern Beauty 

Edouard Andre 

Egandale 

E. G. Hill 
Eldorado 
Elizabeth Hoss 
Emma 

Empress of India 
Enchantress 
Eureka 
Evolution 

Explorateur Crampbel 
Express 

Fair Persian 
Fairy Queen 
Fanal 
Favorite 
Feuermeer 

F. F. Hunt 
Fiery Cross 
Firebird 
Flag of Truce 



CANNA (Hort. var.), continued 

Flamingo 
Flashlight 
Florence Vaughan 
Florida 
F. Neuvessel 
FRANgois Relf 
Franz Buchner 
Frau C. Siebert 
Frau Daisy Hultsch 
Frau Wentjhausen 

F. R. PlERSON 

FuERST Bismarck 

Gaiety 

Garam 

G.ARTEN Inspector Junge 

George Washington 

Giant Crimson 

Gladiator 

Gladiiflora 

Gloriosa 

goldbird 

Golden City 

Golden Eagle 

Golden Gate 

Golden Gem 

Golden Pearl 

Golden Sceptre 

Golden Star 

G. O. Quintus 
Go\t:rnor Roosevelt 
Governor von Zimmer 
Graf Oswald de Kerchove 
Grand Duke Ernst Ludwig 
GusTAv Gumpber 
Halley Comet 

Hans Werthmuller 

Harmony 

Harry Laing 

Hiawatha 

Hugo de Vries. Prof. Hugo de 

Vries. 
Hungaria 
H. Wehrenpfennig 
H. Went)land 
Hyde Park 
Improved Rainbow 
Improved Stella Kanst 
Indiana 
Inspector Ehman 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. Zr--lZi'c=synonyms or unapproved names. 



CANNA 



CANNA (Hort. var.), continued 

Italia 

Jackson. Jacksoni. 

Jacksonville Fire 

James H. Veitch 

James Wood 

Jane Addams 

Janus 

J. Aymard 

J. B. Deleuil 

J. C. Vaughan 

J. D. Cabos 

J. D. Eisele 

Jean Tissot 

Jennie Walls Fannline 

John B. Dutcher 

John Laing 

John White 

JUANITA 

Jupiter 

Kate F. Deemer 
King Humbert 
Klondike. California. 

KOROS 

Kronus 

La France 

Lafayette 

Lahneck 

Leon Pepin Lehalleur 

Leon Vassilliere 

Leonard Vaughan 

Leopard 

Little Gem 

Lorraine 

Lorraine Improved 

Louis Colomb 

Louis Reverchon 

Louise 

Louisiana 

Loveliness 

L. Patry 

LUCIENNE GUILLAUD 

LuDwiG Tesdorf 

LURAY 

Maid of Orleans 
Maiden Blush 
Mandarin 
Mar ANT A 

Marechal Vaillante 
Mars 



67 



Small CAPiTALS=approved 



CANNA( Hort. var.), continued 

Martha Washington 

Marvel 

Maurice Mussey 

Menelek 

Mephisto 

Meteor. Winizer. 

Mine d'Or 

Minnehaha 

Mirifique 

Miss Sarah Hill 

Mlle. Berat 

Mlle. Berthine Brunner 

Mlle. Frey 

Mlle. Meriene Lombard 

Mme. Alfred Blanc 

Mme. Celestin Dubost 

Mme. Crozy 

Mme. Ferdinand Cayeux 

Mme. J. Aynard 

Mme. Leon Leclerc 

Mme. Louis Druz 

Mme. Mesmer 

Mme. Montefiore 

Mme. Sallier 

Mohawk 

MoNs. Jarry Desloges 

Mont Blanc 

Mont Blanc Improved. Snowtop 

Montana 

Morning Glow 

Morning Star 

Mount Etna 

Mrs. a. F. Conard 

Mrs. Antoine Wintzer 

Mrs. Carl Kelsey 

Mrs. C. W. Ward 

Mrs. Fairman Rogers 

Mrs. George A. Strohlein 

Mrs. Kate Gray 

Mrs. Pierre du Pont 

Mrs. William F. Dreer 

Mrs. William Stone 

Mrs. Woodrow Wilson 

Musaefolia 

Nera 

New York 

Niagara 

Nigricans 

NOKOMIS 



common names. 



Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (f) 



68 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



CANNA (Hort. var.), continued 
OCEANUS 

Olifant 

Olympia 

Orange Bedder 

Orange Queen 

Othello 

Ottawa 

Ottawa Improved 

Panama 

Pandora 

Paola Radaelli 

Papa Canna 

Papa Nardy 

Parthenope 

Patrie 

Paul Bruant 

Paul Grotz 

Paul Marquant 

Peach-blow. Alba Rosea Grandi- 

flora. 
Pennsylvania 
Philadelphia 
Pierson Premier 
Pillar of Fire 
Pink Ehman. Pink Ehmani. 
P. J. Berckmans 
Pluto 

Pocahontas. Bronze Olympic. 
Ponce de Leon 
Poppy 
Premier 

President. The President. 
President Cleveland 
President Faure 
President McKinley 
President Meyer 
Primrose 
Prince of India 
Princeton 

Prof. Dr. Bah. Dr. Balz. 
Prof. Hugo de Vries. Hugo de 

Vries. 
Queen Charlotte 
Queen Eleanor 
Queen Helen 
Queen of Holland 
Red Cross 
Red Indian 
Richard Wallace 
Robert Christie 
Robusta 



CANNA (Hort. var.), continued 

Roi des Rouges 

ROSALBA 

Rose of May 

Rose Unique 

Rosea Gigantea 

rosemawr 

roslindale 

Rubin 

Salmon Queen 

Sam Trelease 

Sam Trelease Improved 

San Diego 

Saturnus 

Secretaire Chabanne 

Semaphore 

Sensation 

Shenandoah 

Sir Trevor Lawrence 

Snow Queen 

Snowtop. Mont Blanc Improved. 

Sophie Buchner 

Souvenir d'Antoine Crozy 

Souvenir de Chargueraud 

Souvenir de Francois Porcher 

Souvenir DE J. H. Krelage 

Souvenir de Leonie Vinnot 

Souvenir de Mme. Hardy 

Souvenir du President Carnot 

Splendor 

St. Johns 

St. Louis 

Starlight 

Statue of Liberty 

Striped Beauty 

S. T. Wright 

Sunbeams 

Sunny Jim 

SUNRAY 

Sunset Glow 
Susquehanna 

SZAVA 

Tarrytown 

Temes 

Tennyson 

The Gem 

The President. President. 

Triumph 

Uncle Sam 

Van Den Berg, Jr. 

Varouna 

Venus 



CANNA— CARDINALFLOWER 



69 



CANNA (Hort. var.), continued 

Vermilion 

Vice-president Luizet 

Victory 

Virginia 

Wabash 

Wawa 

West Grove 

West Virginia 

W. G. ElSELE 

WiLHELM Beck 

WiLHELM BoFFINGER 

William Griesinger 

William Saunders 

WiLMER Atkinson 

Windmar 

Winona 

Wintzer. Meteor. 

Wintzer Colossal 

Wonderful 

Wyoming 

Yellow Bird 

Yellow Crozy 

Zenith 

Zephyr 

CANNABIS Hemp 

sativa Common H. 

Hort. var. of Cannabis: 

Giant Hemp (gigantea; sativa gi- 
gantea) 
Cannart Redcedar (Jimiperus vir- 

giniana cannarti] Cy) 
Canoe Birch . . Betula papyrifera 
Cantaloupe .... Cucumis melo 
Canterbury Palm 

Hedyscepe canterburyana 
Canterbury-bells 

Campanula medium 

Cup-and-saucer C. (C w. cakj- 

canthema\ Cy) 

Canyon Grape . . Vitis arizonica 

Canyon-poppy .... Romneya 

Bridal C. ... R. trichocalyx 

Coulter C R. coulteri 

Cape Bugloss, Cape Oxalis, etc. 

See Bugloss, Oxalis, etc. 
Cape Cod Waterlily 

Nymphaea odorata rosea 

Cape-cowslip Lachenalia 

FouRCOLOR C. . . L. quadricolor 
Lemon C L. luteola 



Cape-cowslip, continued 

Nelson C. . . Lachenalia nelsoni 

Nodding C L. pendula 

Threecolor C L. tricolor 

Cape-gooseberry . Physalis edulis 

Cape-honeysuckle 

Tecomaria capensis 

Cape-jasmine . . Gardenia florida 

Dwarf C G. radicans 

Fortune C G. fortunei 

Veitch C G. veitchi 

Cape-marigold 

Dimorphotheca; D. annua 

Blue-eyed C D. sinuata 

Double C. (D, annua ligulosa^ Cy) 
Winter C. . . . D. aurantiaca 

Cape-pond WEED 

Aponogeton distachyus 

Cape-weddingflower 

Dombeya natalensis 

Caper Capparis spinosa 

CAPNOIDES Ag . . CORYDALIS 
CAPPARIS 

spinosa Caper 

CAPRIOLA 

dactylon (Cynodon dactylon Cy) 

Bermuda Grass 
CAPSICUM Redpepper 

annuum Common R. 

frutescens Bush R. 

CARAGANA Pea-shrub 

arborescens . Siberian Pea-tree 

See also hort. var. list below. 

chamlagu Mongolian Pea-shrub 

frutex (frutescens) . . Russian P. 

maximowicziana 

microphylla . . . Littleleaf P 

pygmaea Dwarf P. 

Hort. var. of Caragana: 

Weeping Pea-tree (C. arborescens 
j)endula\ Cy) 

Caraway Carum carvi 

CARDAMINE .... Bittercress 

bulbosa Bulb B. 

douglassi Northern B. 

pratensis .... Cuckooflower 
Cardinal Gesneria, Cardinal Lark- 
spur, etc. See Gesneria, Lark- 
spur, etc. 
Cardinalflower . Lobelia cardinalis 



70 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



CARDIOSPERMUM . Heartseed 

halicacabum . . Balloonvine 

Cardoon . . . Cynara cardunculus 

CARDUUS 

henediclus . . Cnicus benedictus 

CAREX 

fraseri Fraser Sedge 

morrowi Morrow S. 

plantaginea . . Plantainleaf S. 

Carib Heliconia . . Heliconia bihai 

Caribbean Spiderlily 

Hymenocallis calathina 

CARICA Papaya 

papaya Papaya 

CARISSA Carissa 

acuminata 

bispinosa .... Amatungula 

caranda Karanda 

grandiflora Carissa 

Carmine Crab, Carmine Deutzia, 
etc. See Crab, Deutzia, etc. 

Carnation 

Dianthus; D. caryophyllus 

See also Pink. 

i^or horticultural varieties of Carnation 

see Dianthus. 

CARNEaiEA . . . Giant Cactus 
gigantea {Cerens giganteus) 

Giant C. 
Carob Ceratonia siliqua 

For varieties of Carob cultivated for 
their fruit see American Pomological 
Society's List of Fruits, in Appendix. 

Carolina Allspice . Common Sweet- 
shrub : Calycanthus floridus 
Carolina Buckthorn, Carolina 
Hemlock, etc. See Buckthorn, 
Hemlock, etc. 
Carolina-jessamine 

Gelsemium sempervirens 
Double C. Hort. var. of G. sem- 
pervirens. 
Carolina-vanilla 

Trilisa odoratissima 
Carosella {Foeniculum vulgare piperi- 
tum'\ Cy) . . . Italian Fennel 
Carpathian Bellflower 

Campanula carpatica 

CARPENTERIA . . Carpenteria 

California .... Carpenteria 



Carpet Bamboo, Carpet Bent, etc. 
See Bamboo, Bent, etc. 

CARPINUS Hornbeam 

betulus European H. 

See also hort. var. list below. 

caroliniana {americana) 

American H. 
Hort. var. of Carpinus: 

Purple Hornbeam (C. betulus pur- 

purea\ Cy) 
Pyramid H. (C. betulus pyrami- 

dalis'\ Cy) 
Weeping H. {betulus pendula) 
Carrie RE Hawthorn 

Crataegus carrier! 

Carrot Daucus 

Common C D. carota 

Carthage Crape-jasmine 

Tabemaemontana grandiflora 

CARTHAMUS 

tinctorius Safflower 

Carthusian Pink 

Dianthus carthusianorum 
CARUM 

carvi Caraway 

CARYA HICORIA 

CARYOPHYLLUS Ag . EUGENIA 

CARYOPTERIS .... Bluebeard 
incana (mastacoTi^/ius) . Common B. 
Hort. var. of Caryopteris: 

White Bluebeard (C. incana can- 
didal Cy) 

CARYOTA Caryota 

mitis isobolijera) 

urens Toddy Palm 

Casabanana . . Sicana odorifera 
Cascade Fir, Cascade Toothwort, 
etc. See Fir, Toothwort, etc. 
Cascara Buckthorn 

Rhamnus purshiana 
Cashew . Anacardiimi occidentale 
Cashmere Aralia, Cashmere Lark- 
spur, etc. See Aralia, Lark- 
spur, etc. 
CASIMIROA 

edulis White-sapote 

For cultivated varieties see White- 
s.\POTE, in American Pomological So- 
ciety's List of Fruits, in Appendix. 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. /rAh'c=synonyms or unapproved names. 



CASSANDRA— CATASETUM 



71 



CASSANDRA . CHAMAEDAPHNE 

Cassava .... Manihot esculenta 

CASSIA 
alata .... Ringworm Cassia 
artemisioides . Wormwood Senna 
corymbosa (floribunda) Flowery S. 
fistula .... Golden-shower 

grandis Pink-shower 

laevigata .... Smooth Senna 

marilandica Wild S. 

polyantha 

siamea (florida) . . . Siamese S. 

tomentosa Woolly S. 

Cassiab ark-tree 

Cinnamomum cassia 

Cassiaflower-tree 

Cinnamomum loureiri 

CAST A LI A Ag . . . NYMPHAEA 

CASTANEA Chestnut 

For horticultural varieties of Chestnut 
grown for their nuts see American 
Pomological Society's List of Fruits and 
Nuts, in Appendix. 

dentata (americana) 

American Chestnut 
japonica (C. crenata Cy-Ag-Ar) 

Japanese C. 

moUissima Hairy C. 

pumila Chinquapin 

sativa (vesca) Spanish Chestnut 
Ornamental hort. var. of Castanea: 
Silverleaf Chestnut (sativa ar- 
genteo-variegata) 
CASTANOPSIS 

chrysophylla . Giant Chinquapin 
cuspidata (Quercus cuspidata) 

Japanese C. 
sempervirens . . California C. 
CASTANOSPERMUM 

australe . Moreton-bay-chestnut 

CASTILLA Mexican Rubbertree 
elastica {Castilloa elastica Cy) 

CASTILLEJA .... Painted-cup 
coccinea . . Indian Paintbrush 
foliolosa . Woolly Painted-cup 

indivisa Texas P. 

martini 

Castillo Bamboo {Phylloslachys hain- 
busoides castillonis^) 

Small CAPiTALS=approved common names. 



CASTILLOA Cy . . . CASTILLA 
Castor-aralia 

Acanthopanax ricinifolium 
Castor-bean . . Ricinus communis 

For horticultural varieties of Castor- 
bean see Ricinus. 

CASUARINA Beefwood 

cunninghamiana . Cunningham B. 
equisetifolia . . Horsetail-tree 
stricta (quadrivalvis) 

Cat Grape Vitis rubra 

Catalina Cherry, Catalina Night- 
shade, etc. See Cherry, Night- 
shade, etc. 

CATALPA Catalpa 

bignonioides (syringaefolia) 

Common C. 

See also hort. var. list below. 

bungei .... Manchurian C. 

The name Catalpa bungei is commonly 
misapplied to the Umbrella Catalpa, a 
horticultural variety of C. bignonioides, 
given in the hort. var. list below. The 
true C. bungei, the Manchurian Catalpa, 
a different and distinct species, is now 
coming into cultivation. 

duclouxi 
fargesi 

hybridal Cy . . . Teas Catalpa 

See hort. var. list below. 

kaempferi (C. ovata Cy-Ag) 

Japanese C. 

speciosa Western C. 

syringaefolia . . . C. bignonioides 
Hort. var. of Catalpa: 

Golden Catalpa (C bignonioides 

aurea\ Cy) 
Purpleleaf C. (C. hybrida pur- 

purea\ Cy) 
Teas C. (C. hybrida] Cy; bignon- 
ioides X ovata) 
Umbrella C. {Catalpa bignonioides 
7iana-\ Cy-Ar.; incorrectly C. 
bungei) 
CATANANCHE . . . Cupids-dart 

caerulea Blue C. 

Hort. var. of Catananche: 

Bicolor Cupids-dart (C. caerulea 

bicolor\ Cy) 
White C. (C. c. alba] Cy) 
CATASETUM 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (f) see page I. 



72 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Catats-ba Rhododendron 

Rhododendron catawbiense 
Catchfly Silene 

See also Campion. 

Alpine C S. alpestris 

Drooping C S. pendula 

FiREPiNK S. virginica 

Oriental C. . . • S. orientalis 
Peatpink . . . S. pennsylvanica 
Saxifrage C. . . . S. saxifraga 

ScHAFTA C S. schafta 

Sweet-william C. . . S. armena 

Catchfly-gentian 

Eustoma silenifolium 

Catclaw Trumpet 

Bignonia unguis-cati 

CATESBAEA Lilythorn 

spinosa Hedge L. 

Catesby Pitcherplant 

Sarracenia catesbaei 
CATHA 

edulis Kat 

Cathay Rose 

Rosa multiflora cathayensis 
Catjang-pea .... Vigna catjang 

Catnip Nepeta cataria 

Cats-ear . Hypochaeris; H. uniflora 

Cattail Typha 

Common C T. latifolia 

Narrowleaf C. . T. angustifolia 
Cattail Gayfeather 

Liatris pycnostachya 

CATTLEYA 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

Caucasian Buckthorn, Caucasian 
Daphne, etc. See Buckthorn, 
Daphne, etc. 

Cauliflower 

Brassica oleracea botrytis 

CAULOPHYLLUM 

thalictroides . . . Blue Cohosh 
Cavendish Banana Musa cavendishi 
Cavenia Acacia cavenia 

CEANOTHUS .... Ceanothus 
americanus .... Jersey-tea 
azureus (C caeruleus Ag-Ar) 

Azure Ceanothus 
divaricatus Tall Mountain-lilac 
fendleri . . Fendler Ceanothus 



CEANOTHUS, continued 

hyhridus 

A name loosely applied to Ceanothus 
hybrids of diverse parentage. See hort. 
var. list below. 

ovatus . . . Inland Jersey-tea 

prostratus .... Mahala-mats 

thyrsiflorus . . . Blueblossom 
Hort. var. of Ceanothus: 

Arnould {arnouldi) 

CiEL DE Provence 

Double White (alho-plenus) 

Gloire de Plantieres 

Gloire de Versailles 

Marie Simon 

Rose (roseus) 

CEBATHA COCCULUS 

Cedar (the true Cedar) . . . Cedrus 

The common name Cedar is widely mis- 
applied, especially to snecies and varie- 
ties of Juniperus (Red Cedar), Chamae- 
cyparis {White Cedar), Libocedrus (In- 
cense Cedar), Thuja {White Cedar, Red 
Cedar), Cupressus {White Cedar), and 
Cryptomeria {Japanese Cedar). This 
illustrates the importance of the prin- 
ciple adopted by the Joint Committee, 
that a common name properly belonging 
to one genus should not be used for a 
plant of another genus, except as part 
of a compound word: thus for Chamae- 
cyparis thyoides, Whitecedar is advised, 
not White Cedar. 

Atlas C Cedrus atlantica 

Cedar of Lebanon . . . C. libani 
CiGARBOx-cEDAR . Cedrcla odorata 
Deodar .... Cedrus deodara 
Golden Atlas C. Hort. var. of C. 

atlantica. 
Golden Deodar {Cedrus deodara 

rtwreaf Cy) 
Green D. (C. d. viridis\ Cy) 
Groundcedar 

Lycopodium complanatum 
Hardy Deodar {Cedrus deodara 

verticiUaia^ Cy) 
Incense-cedar . . . Libocedrus 
Longleaf Deodar {Cedrus deo- 
dara rohusta] Cy) 
Redcedar . Juniperus virginiana 
Sentinel C. {Cedrus atlantica fas- 

tigiata^ Cy) 
Silver Atlas C. (C. a. glauca^ Cy) 
Whitecedar 

Chamaecyparis thyoides 



CEDAR— CENTAURIUM 



73 



Cedar Retinospora (Chamaccyparis 
Ihyoides ericoides] Cy) 

CEDRELA Cedrela 

odorata .... Cigarbox-cedar 
sinensis {Toona sinensis Ag) 

Chinese Cedrela 

CEDRONELLA . . . Cedronella 

cana Hoary C. 

mexicana Mexican C. 

triphylla Canarybalm 

CEDRUS Cedar 

This is the true Cedar. See note under 
Cedar. 

atlantica Atlas Cedar 

deodara Deodar 

libani . . . Cedar of Lebanon 
Hort. var. of Cedrus: 

Blue Atlas Cedar (C. atlantica 

glaucnr\ Cy) 
Golden Atlas C. (atlantica aurea) 
Golden Deodar {Cedrus deodara 

aurea] Cy) 
Green D. (C. d. viridis] Cy) 
Hardy D. (C. d. verticillata\ Cy) 
LoNGLEAF D. (C. d. robusta\ Cy) 
Sentinel Cedar (C atlantica fas- 

tigiata] Cy) 
Silver Atlas C. (C atlantica ar- 
gentea\ Ar) 

CEEBA Ceiba 

pentandra {casearia Cy; Erioden- 
dron anfractuosum) . . . Ceiba 
Celandine-poppy 

Stylophorum diphyllum 
CELASTRUS . . . Bittersweet 

flagellaris Korean B. 

orbiculatus (articulatus) 

Oriental B. 
— punctatus . , . Christmas B. 
scandens (Wax-work) American B. 

CELERI Ag APIUM 

Celeriac (Apium graveolens ra- 
paceum] Cy) 

Celery Apium graveolens 

Wildcelery . Vallisneria spiralis 

CELOSIA Cockscomb 

argentea (plumosa) . Feather C. 
cristata (coccinea) . . Common C. 
huttoni HuTTON C. 



CELSIA 
arcturus 
cretica . 



Cretan Bearstail 
. Cretan-mullein 



CELTIS Hackberry 

australis .... European H. 
mississippiensis (C. laevigata Ag) 

SUGARBERRY 

occidentalis .... Hackberry 
— crassifolia .... Bigleaf H. 

reticulata Paloblanco 

sinensis . . Chinese Hackberry 
tourneforti (orientalis) Oriental H. 

CENTAUREA .... Centaurea 
americana . . . Basketflower 
babylonica , Syrian Centaurea 
henedicta . . Cnicus benedictus 
cineraria (candidissima) 

Dusty-miller 
clementei . Spanish Centaurea 

cyanus Cornflower 

dealbata . Persian Centaurea 

gymnocarpa Velvet C. 

imperialis . Royal Sweet-sultan 
macrocephala Globe Centaurea 
montana . . . Mountain-bluet 

See also hort. var. list below. 

moschata (odorata; suaveolens) 

Sweet-sultan 
nigra Knapweed 

See also hort. var. list below. 

odorata . . . Centaurea moschata 
orientalis . Caucasian Centaurea 
pulcherrima (Aetheopappus pulcher- 

rimus) . . , Rose Centaurea 
ruthenica .... Ruthenian C. 
suaveolens . . Centaurea moschata 
Hort. var. of Centaurea: 

Cream Knapweed (C. iiigra varie- 

gatat Cy) 
Major Mountain-bluet (montana 

grandiflora) 
Pink M. (montana carnea) 
Purple M. (montana purpurea) 
Rose M. (C. montana rosea] Cy) 
White M. (C. m. alba] Cy) 

CENTAURIDIUM . XANTHISMA 

CENTAURIUM 

venustum (Erythraea venusta Cy) 
Pink Centaurium 



74 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



CENTRANTHUS 

albus , , 

A name sometimes applied erroneously 
to the white hort. var. of C. macrosiphon 
and of C. ruber. 

macrosiphon . . Spur-valerian 
ruber ( Valeriana coccinea; V. rubra) 

JUPITERSBEARD 

Hort. var. of Centranthus : 

White Jupitersbeard (ruber albus) 
White Spur-valerian (macrosi- 
phon albus) 
CENTROSEMA . . Butterfly-pea 
virginianum (grandiflora; Brad- 
bur ya virginiana Ag) 

Piedmont Butterfly-pea 

Centuryplant . Agave americana 

CEPHALANTHUS . . Buttonbush 

occidentalis .... Common B. 

CEPHALARIA . . . Cephalaria 

alpina Yellow C. 

tatarica T atari an C. 

CEPHALOCEREUS 
chrysomallus 

Pachycereus chrysomallus 
euphorbioides (Cereus euphorbioi- 

des Cy; C. olfersi) 
polylophus (Cereus nickelsi) 
senilis (Pilocereus senilis) 

Oldman Cactus 
CEPHALOSTACHYUM 

pergracile 
CEPHALOTAXUS . . . Pluai-yew 

drupacea Japanese P. 

fortunei Chinese P. 

harringtonia (pedunculata) 

Harrington P. 
Hort. var. of Cephalotaxus : 

Spiral Plum-yew (koraiensis ; C. 
harringtonia fastigiata] Cy) 
CERASTIUM .... Cerastium 
arvense Starry C. 

See also hort. var. list below. 

biebersteini Taurus C. 

boissieri Spanish C. 

tomentosum . . Snow-in-summer 
Hort. var. of Cerastium: 

Whitemat C. (C. arvense compac- 
tum] Cy) 



CERASUS PRUNUS 

avium P- avium 

caproniana P. cerasus 

caroliniana 

Laurocerasus caroliniana 
chinensis 

This name is often misapplied to Prunus 
glandulosa and P. japonica. 

ilicifolia . . . Prunus ilicifolia 

integrifolia P. lyoni 

japonica . . . . Shidare-higan 

Hort. var. of Prunus subhirtella. 

7nahaleb P. mahaleb 

padus P. padus 

pennsylvanica . P. pennsylvanica 
rhexi Rhex Cherry 

Hort. var. of Prunus cerasus. 

serotina P. serotina 

sieboldi ....... P. sieboldi 

CERATONIA Carob 

siliqua Carob 

For varieties of Carob cultivated for 
their fruit see American Pomological 
Society's List of Fruits, in Appendix. 

CERATOPTERIS . . Waterfern 
pteridoides 

CERATOSTIGMA 

plumbaginoides (Plumbago larpen- 
tae) . . Larpente Plumbago 
CERBERA 

thevetia Ag . Thevetia neriifolia 

CERCIDIPHYLLUM 

japonicum .... Katsura-tree 
— sinense Chinese K. 

CERCIS Redbud 

canadensis .... American R. 

See also hort. var. list below. 

chinensis (japonica) . Chinese R. 
occidentalis . . . California R. 

reniformis Texas R. 

siliquastrum .... Jltdas-tree 
Hort. var. of Cercis: 

White Jltdas-tree (C. siliquastrum 

alba\ Cy) 
Whitebud (C. canadensis alba'\ Cy) 

CERCOCARPUS 

ledifolius . Mountain-mahogany 
parvifolius (C. montonus Ag) 

Valley-mahogany 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. JT'Ahc=synonyms or unapproved names. 



CEREUS 



75 



CEREUS 

aethiops (coerulescens ; C. caerules- 

cens Cy) 
alacriportanus 

alamosensis Rathbunia alamosensis 
amecamensis 

Heliocereus amecamensis 
atropurpureus . Harrisia tortuosa 
azureus 

baumanni . Cleistocactus baumanni 
baxaniensis 

Acanthocereus pentagonus 
bonplandi Cy . Harrisia bonplandi 
caerulescens Cy . Cereus aethiops 
calcaratus . Hylocereus calcaratus 
candicans Cy 

Trichocereus candicans 

The name C. candicans is often misap- 
plied to Echinocereus rigidissimus. 

chiotilla .... Escontria chiotilla 
coccineus . Heliocereus speciosus 
coerulescens . . Cereus aethiops 
colubrinus . Monvillea cavendishi 
costaricensis 

Hylocereus costaricensis 
donkelaari Selenicereus donkelaari 
dumortieri 

Lemaireocereus dumortieri 

eburneus L. ebumeus 

emoryi . . Bergerocactus emoryi 
eriophorus . . Harrisia eriophora 
eruca . . . Machaerocereus eruca 
euphorbioides 

Cephalocereus euphorbioides 
flagelliformis 

Aporocactus flagelliformis 

forbesi Cereus validus 

gemmatus 

Myrtillocactus geometrizans 
geometrizans . . M. geometrizans 
giganteus . . Camegiea gigantea 
gracilis .... Harrisia gracilis 
grandiflorus 

Selenicereus grandiflorus 
greggi . . . Peniocereus greggi 
gummosus 

Machaerocereus gummosus 
hamatus . . Selenicereus hamatus 
hankeanus Cy . . . Cereus validus 
hildmannianus 
irradians Selenicereus boeckmanni 



CEREUS, continued 

jamacaru Mandacaru 

lamprochloriis Cy 

Trichocereus lamprochlorus 
lemairei . . Hylocereus lemairei 
macdonaldiae 

Selenicereus macdonaldiae 
macrogonus Cy 

Trichocereus macrogonus 
mammillatus 

Echinocereus mammillatus 
marginatus , • 

Pachycereus marginatus 
martianus Cy 

Aporocactus martianus 
martini Cy . . . Harrisia martini 
nickelsi Cephalocereus polylophus 
nycticallus Selenicereus pteranthus 
obtusangulus 

Epiphyllanthus obtusangulus 
ocamponis . Hylocereus ocamponis 
olfersi Cephalocereus euphorbioides 
pecten-aborigin um 

Pachycereus pectenaboriginum 
pentagonus 

Acanthocereus pentagonus 
peruvianus 

pringlei . . Pachycereus pringlei 
repandus 

The plant in cultivation under this name 
is Harrisia gracilis. The true Cereus 
repandus of botanists is not in the trade. 

rostratus . Selenicereus hamatus 
serpentinus 

Nyctocereus serpentinus 
setaceus . Mediocactus coccineus 
spachianus Cy 

Trichocereus spachianus 
speciosus . Heliocereus speciosus 
spinulosus Selenicereus spinulosus 
stellatus . . Trichocereus stellatus 
stenopterus Hylocereus stenopterus 
thelegonus Trichocereus thelegonus 
thurberi . Lemaireocereus thurberi 
tortuosus . . . Harrisia tortuosa 
triangularis Hylocereus triangularis 
tuberosus . . Wilcoxia poselgeri 
validus (forbesi; C. hankeanus Cy) 
weberi Lemaireocereus weberi 

Cereus 

NiGHTBLOOMiNG C. . . Hylocereus 



Small CAPiTALS=approved common names. Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (t) see page 1. 



76 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Cerimax . . . Monstera deliciosa 

CERINTHE HoNEYWORT 

retorta Greek H. 

CEROPTERIS Cy 

PITYROGRAMMA 

Cerro Hawthorn Crataegus cerronis 
CERVICINA Ag WAHLENBERGIA 

CESTRUM Cestrum 

aurantiacum Orange C. 

diumum Day C. 

elegans (Hahrothamnus elegans) 

Purple C. 
fasciculatum ( H . fasciculatus) 

Early C. 
noctumum . Nightb looming C. 

parqui Chilian C. 

Ceylon Date Palm 

Phoenix zeylanica 

CHAENOMELES Cy-Ag CYDONIA 
CHAEROPHYLLUM 

bulbosum . . . Turnip-chervil 
CHAETOCHLOA 
italica (Setaria italica Cy) Millet 
palmifolia {Panicum palmifolium 

Cy) Palmgrass 

poiretiana (P. sulcatum Cy) 
Chain Cactus . Rhipsalis paradoxa 
Chainfern Woodwardia ; W. areolata 

European C W. radicans 

Giant C W. chamissoi 

Virginia C W. virginica 

CHALCAS 

exotica .... Orange-jasmine 
Chalcedonian Lily 

Lilirnn chalcedonicum 
Chalice-vine . Solandra ; S. guttata 
Chalk Maple Acer leucoderme 

Chalkleaf Barberry 

Berberis dictyophylla 
CHAMAECERASUS . LONICERA 
CHAMAECISTUS LOISELEURIA 
Chamaedrys Germander 

Teucrium chamaedrys 
CHAMAECYPARIS 

lawsoniana {Cupressus lawsoniana) 

Lawson Cypress 

nootkatensis (C. nutkaensis; Thu- 

jopsis borealis) Nootka Cypress 

obtusa Hinoki C. 



CHAMAECYPARIS, continued 

pisifera . . Sawara Retinospora 
thyoides (sphaeroides) Whitecedar 
Hort. var. of Chamaecyparis : 

Andely Retinospora (C. thyoides 

andelyensis\ Cy; Retinospora lep- 

toclada) 
Blue Column Cypress (C lawson- 
iana erecta glauca Cy) 
Blue Nootka C. (C. nootkatensis 

glauca't Cy) 
Blue Whitecedar (C. thyoides 

glauca^ Cy) 
Cedar Retinospora (C. thyoides 

ericoides] Cy) 
Clubmoss R. (C obtusa lycopo- 

dioides'\ Cy) 
Cream Cypress (C lawsoniana 

alhospica^ Cy) 
Dwarf Hinoki C. {Chamaecyparis 

obtusa na?iat Cy) 
Dwarf Lawson C. (C. lawsoniana 

nanaf Cy) 
Fernspray Retinospora (C. ob- 
tusa filicoides] Cy) 
Football Cypress (C obtusa com- 

pacta\ Cy) 
Fountain Lawson C. (C. lawson- 
iana gracilis] Cy) 
Golden Hinoki C. {Chamaecyparis 

obtusa aurea\ Cy) 
Golden Lawson C. (C. lawsoniana 

lutea] Cy) 
Golden Sawara Retinospora (C 

pisifera aurea] Cy) 
Goldenplume R. (C. pisifera plu- 

mosa aurea Cy; Retinospora plu- 

mosa aurea) 
Green Column Cypress (C law- 
soniana erecta viridis Cy) 
Moss Retinospora (C. pisifera 

squarrosa\ Cy; Retinospora 

veitchi) 
Plume R. (C. pisifera plumosa\ 

Cy; Retinospora plumosa) 
Pygmy Hinoki Cypress {C. obtusa 

pygmaea] Cy) 
Sander Retinospora (C. o. eri- 

coides] Cy; Retinospora sanderi; 

Juniperus sanderi) 
Scarab Cypress (C lawsoniana 

alumi\ Cy) 



CHAMAECYPARIS— CHEIRANTHUS 



77 



CHAMAECYPARIS (Hort. var.). continued 

Sentry Cypress (Chamaecyparis 
lawsoniana pyrarnidalis'f Cy) 

Silver Lawson C. (C. lawsoniana 
argenteaf Cy) 

Silvertip Hinoki C. (C. obtusa 
alhospicata] Cy) 

Silvertip Retinospora (C pisi- 
fera plumosa argentea Cy) 

Slender Hinoki Cypress (obtusa 
gracilis) 

Steel C. (Chamaecyparis law- 
soniana glaucaf Cy) 

Thread Retinospora (C. pisifera 
filifera-f Cy; obtusa filifera; Ret- 
inospora filifera) 

Triomphe de Boskoop Cypress. 
Hort. var. of C. lawsoniana. 

Variegated Whitecedar (C. thy- 
oides variegata] Cy) 

Veitch Cypress (lawsoniana glauca 
veitchi) 

Weeping Hinoki C. (obtusa pen- 
dula) 

Weeping Lawson C. (C. lawsoni- 
ana pendula'l Cy) 

Westermann C. (lawsoniana wes- 
termanni) 

White Sentry C. (C. lawsoniana 
pyramidalis alba Cy) 

WissEL C. (lawsoniana wisseli) 

Yellowtip Hinoki C. (C. obtusa 
gracilis aurea Cy) 

Youngs C. (Chamaecyparis law- 
soniana youngi'f Cy) 

CHAMAEDAPHNE . Leatherleaf 
calyculata (Andromeda calyculata; 
Cassandra calyculata) 

Leatherleaf 
CHAMAELIRIUM 
luteum Fairywand 

CHAMAENERION . EPILOBIUM 

CHAMAEPERICLYMENUM 

CORNUS 
CHAMAEPEUCE . . . CIRSIUM 

CHAMAEROPS .... Hair Palm 
excelsa . . Trachycarpus excelsa 

fortunei T. fortune! 

humilis Hair Palm 

nepalensis . Trachycarpus martiana 



Hort. var. of Chamaerops humilis: 
Canary Hair Palm (C. canarien- 

sis) 
Lady P. (C. elegans) 
Chamberlayn Redcedar (Juniperus 

virginiana chamberlayni] Cy) 
Chameleon Amaranth 

Amaranthus salicifolius 
Chamiso 

Adenostoma; A. fasciculatum 
Chamisso Lupine 

Lupinus chamissonis 

Chamomile Camomile 

Champin Grape . . Vitis champini 
Chaparral Lily, Chaparral Snap- 
dragon, etc. See Lily, Snap- 
dragon, etc. 
CHARIEIS 
heterophylla ( Kaulfussia amel- 
loides) 
Charlock . . . Brassica arvensis 

Chaste-tree Vitex 

CuTLEAF C. . Vitex negundo incisa 
Lilac C. . . . V. agnus-castus 

Negundo C V. negundo 

White Chaste-tree ( Vitex agnus- 
castus alba\ Cy) 

CHAYOTA Chayote 

edulis (Sechium edule Cy) Chayote 

Chayote Chayota edulis 

Checkerbloom Sidalcea malvaeflora 
Purple C. (S. m.atropurpurea] Cy) 
Satin C. (S. m. listeri] Cy) 
Checkered Fritillary, Checkered 
Rattlesnake - plantain, etc. 
See Fritillary, Rattlesnake- 
plantain, etc. 
Cheddar Pink . Dianthus caesius 

CHEILANTHES Lipfern 

covillei Coville L. 

fendleri Fendler L. 

siliquosa (Pellaea densa Cy) 

PODFERN 

tomentosa . . Woolly Lipfern 
CHEIRANTHUS . . Wallflower 

Some authors maintain that under the 
American Code the proper name of this 
genus is Cheiri. 

allioni 

cheiri . . . Common Wallflower 

semperflorens . . . Morocco W. 



78 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



CHEIRINIA 



ERYSIMUM 



CHELONE TURTLEHE.\D 

barhata . . Pentstemon barbatus 
glabra (alba) . White Turtlehead 

lyoni Pink T. 

obliqua Rose T. 

Chengtu Lilac . Syringa sweginzowi 

Chenille Copperleaf 

Acalypha hispida 

CHENOPODIUM . . . Goosefoot 
bonus-henricus Good-King-Henry 
botrys (Ambrosia mexicana) 

Jerusalem-oak 
quinoa Quinoa 

Cherimoya . . . Annona cherimola 

For cultivated varieties of Cherimoya 
see American Pomological Society's List 
of Fruits, in Appendix. 

Cherokee Rose . . Rosa laevigata 
Cherry Prunus 

See also Apricot and Plum. 
For varieties of Cherry cultivated for 
their fruit, see American Pomological 
Society's List of Fruits, in Appendix. 
For ornamental horticultural varieties 
of Cherry, including the Japanese Flow- 
ering Cherries, see Prunus. 

Amur C Prunus maacki 

Bessey C P. besseyi 

Black C P. serotina 

Bristleleaf Mame C. 

P. incisa serrata 
Brush-cherry . Eugenia species 
Bush C. ... Pnmus fniticosa 

Catalina C P. lyoni 

Chinese Bush C. . .P. japonica 
Chokecherry . . Prunus species 
CoNRADiNA Cherry P. conradinae 
Cornelian-cherry . Comus mas 
Doubleflowering Cherry (P. 

avium plena-\ Cy) 
European Bird C. . Prunus padus 
Everblooming C. (Prunus cerasus 

semperflorens'\ Cy) 
Groundcherry .... Physalis 
Harbinger C. (Prunus padus com- 

mutala\ Cy) 
Higan C. . . Prunus subhirtella 

Hitoye C P. lannesiana 

HoLLYLEAF C P. ilicifoHa 



Cherry, continued 

Jerusalem-cherry 

Solanum pseudocapsicum 
Madden-cherry . . . Maddenia 
Mahaleb C. . Prunus mahaleb 

Mame C P. incisa 

Mazzard P. avium 

MiYAMA C. . . P. maximowiczi 
Nanking C. . . . P. tomentosa 

Oriental C P. serrulata 

Pin C P. pennsylvanica 

Rhex C. (P. cerasus rhexi] Cy) 

Sand C P. pumila 

Sargent C. 

P. serrulata sachalinensis 

SiEBOLD C P. sieboldi 

Sour C P. cerasus 

SuRiNAM-CHERRY . Eugeuia uniflora 
Taiwan C. . Prunus campanulata 

Takane C P. nipponica 

Weeping Bush C. (P. fruticosa 

pendula^ Cy) 
Wild Oriental C. 

P. serrulata spontanea 

YosHiNo C P. yedoensis 

Cherry Crab, Cherry Elaeagnus, 

etc. See Crab, Elaeagnus, etc. 

Cherryblossom Deutzia (D. myri- 

antha] Cy) 

Cherry-laurel . . . Laurocerasus 

Bertini C. (L. officinalis bertini]) 

Carolina C. . . . L. caroliniana 

Caucasian C. (L. officinalis cau- 

casica]) 
Colchis C. (L. o. colchica]) 

English C L. officinalis 

Portugal-laurel . L. lusitanica 
Shipka C. (L. officinalis schip- 

kaensis'\) 
Shortleaf C. (L. 0. rotundifolia'\) 
Versailles C. (L. officinalis ver- 
saillensisf) 
Cherry-orange 

African C Citropsis schweinfurthi 
Cherrystone Juniper 

Juniperus monosperma 
Chervil . . Anthriscus cerefolium 
Turnip-chervil 

Chaerophyllum bulbosum 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. 77'Aiic=synonyms or unapproved names. 



CHESTNUT— CHOKEBERRY 



79 



Chestnut Castanea 

For hort. var. of Chestnut grown for 
their nuts, see American Pomological 
Society's List of Fruits and Nuts, in 
Appendix. 

American C. . Castanea dentata 

Chinquapin C. pumila 

Guiana-chestnut Pachira aquatica 
Hairy C. . . Castanea mollissima 
Horsechestnut 

Aesculus ; A. hippocastanum 
Japanese C. . Castanea japonica 
Moreton-bay-chestnut 

Castanospermum australe 
SiLVERLEAF C. Hort. var. of 
Castanea sativa. 

Spanish C C. sativa 

Waterchestnut Trapa ; T. natans 
Chestnut Oak . . Quercus prinus 
Chickasaw Plum Prunus angustifolia 
Chickpea . . . Cicer; C. arietinum 
Chicory .... Cichorium intybus 
White C. Hort. var. of C. intybus 
Childs Gladiolus Gladiolus childsi 
Chile-ageratum 

Eupatorium glechonophyllum 

Chile-bells Lapageria 

Red C L. rosea 

White C. (L. r. alhiflora] Cy) 
Chile-guava .... Myrtus ugni 
Chile-jasmine 

Mandevilla suaveolens 

Chile-nettle Loasa 

Tricolor C L. tricolor 

Chilian Barberry, Chilian Ces- 
trum, etc. See Barberry, 
Ce strum, etc. 
Chiloe Avens, Chiloe Strawberry, 
etc. See Avens, Strawberry, 
etc. 

CHILOPSIS . . . Desertwillow 
linearis (saligna) . Desertwillow 

Hort. var. of Chilopsis: 

White Desertwillow {linearis 
alba) 

CHIMAPHILA .... Pipsissewa 

macula,ta Striped P. 

umbellata Common P. 

Chimney Bellflower 

Campanula pyramidalis 



CHIMONANTHUS . . MERATIA 
China Fleecevine 

Polygonum auberti 
China-aster Callistephus chinensis 
Chinaberry . . . Melia azedarach 
China-fir 

Cunninghamia; C. lanceolata 
Chinese Abelia, Chinese Apple, 

etc. See Abelia, Apple, etc. 
Chinese-houses . . Collinsia bicolor 
Chinese-poppy 

Yellow C. Meconopsis integrifolia 
Chinquapin . . . Castanea pumila 
California C. 

Castanopsis sempervirens 
Giant C. Castanopsis chrysophylla 
Japanese C. Castanopsis cuspidata 
Chinquapin Oak 

Quercus muhlenbergi 

CHIONANTHUS . . Fringetree 

retusa Chinese F. 

virginica White F. 

CHIONODOXA Glory-of-the-snow 

luciliae . . . Glory-of-the-snow 

Chive . . . Allium schoenoprasum 

CHLIDANTHUS 
fragrans 

CHLORIS Fingergrass 

gayana Rhodes Grass 

polydactyla (barbata) 
virgata (C. elegans Cy) 

Feather Fingergrass 

CHLOROCODON 

whitei (Mondia whitei Ag) 

MUNDI-ROOT 

CHLOROPHYTUM 

comosum {Anihericum comosum) 
elatum {A. vittatum) 
Chocolate-tree 

Cacao : Theobroma cacao 

CHOISYA . . . Mexican-orange 
temata .... Mexican-orange 

Chokeberry Aronia 

Black C A. melanocarpa 

Glossy C A. m. elata 

Great Black C. A. m. grandifolia 



Small CAPiTAL.s=approved common names. Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (f) see page 1 



80 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Chokebkrry, continued 

Purple C. . Aronia atropurpurea 

Red C A. arbutifolia 

Chokecherry 

Amber C. (Prunus virginiana leu- 

cocarpa] Cy) 
Black Western C. 

Prunus demissa melanocarpa 

Common C P. virginiana 

Western C P. demissa 

CHONDRORHYNCHA 

chestertoni 

CHORISIA 

speciosa 



Floss-silk-tree 



CHORIZEMA 

ilicifolium 
Chorogi .... Stachys sieboldi 
Christeye Inula Inula oculus-christi 
Christ-thorn Paliurus spina-christi 
Christmas Cactus, Christmas Fern, 

etc. See Cactus, Fern, etc. 
Christmasberry Photinia arbutifolia 
Christmas-rose . Helleborus niger 

CHROSPERMA Ag . ZYGADENUS 

CHRYSALIDOCARPUS 

lutescens (Areca lutescens) 

Yellow Palm 
CHRYSAMPHORA Ag 

DARLINGTONIA 

CHRYSANTHEMUM (PYRE TH- 
RUM) . . . Chrysanthemum 

arcticum Arctic C. 

balsamita (Tauacetum balsamita; 
C. ma jus Ag) . . . . Costmary 
burridgeanum 

Burridge Chrysanthemum 

Hort. var. of C. carinatum. 

carinatum (tricolor) . Annual C. 

coccineum (roseum; Pyrethrum 
hybridum: P. carneum; P roseum 
Hort.) Painted Lady 

core an um 

Korean Chrysanthemum 

coronarium .... Crowndaisy 

corymbosum (P. corymbosum) 

frutescens .... Marguerite 

hortorum 

Common Chrysanthemum 

See also common-name list on page SI. 



CHRYSANTHEMUM, continued 

indicum (japonicu7n) 

Mother Chrysanthemum 
inodorum . . Matricaria inodora 
lacustre (latifolium) 

Portuguese Chrysanthemum 
leucanthemum Oxeye Daisy 

majus Ag C. balsamita 

maximum 

Pyrenees Chrysanthemum 

See also common-name list on page 81. 

morifolium (sinense) Mulberry C. 

multicaule Clump C. 

nipponicum Nippon Oxeye Daisy 
parthenium (P. partlmiifolmm) 

Feverfew 

See also common-name list on page 81. 

segetum . . . Corn-marigold 

sinense C. morifolium 

tchihatchewi (P. tchihatchewi) 

Turfing Daisy 

tricolor C. carinatum 

uliginosum (P. uliginosum) 

Giant Daisy 
Hort. var, of Chrysanthemum: 

Because of the large number of horti- 
cultural varieties of Chrysanthemum 
the hort. var. list and the common-name 
list have been combined in the special 
list below. 

Chrysanthemum . Chrysanthemum 

The following list is made up from avail- 
able catalogues of a few leading dealers 
and from the Standard Cyclopedia of 
Horticulture, 1914 edition, and of 
necessity is far from complete, for no 
authority was found who was willing to 
undertake the preparation of a critical 
list. It must be considered therefore as 
only tentative, a basis merely for future 
revisions. The varieties taken from 
dealers' catalogues are usually classed 
as hardy, though some are used in the 
greenhouse also. The varieties taken 
from Bailey's Cyclopedia are usually 
classed as greenhouse, though some are 
used outdoors. 

Explanation of Abbreviations 
Catalogues 

Bay S. Bay State Nurseries, North 
Abington, Mass. 

B. & A. Bobbink & Atkins, Ruther- 
ford. N. J. 

Cy. Bailey's Standard Cyclo- 

pedia of Horticulture, 1914 
edition. 

Dreer Henry A. Dreer, Philadel- 
phia, Pa. 



CHRYSANTHEMUM 



81 



Chrysanthemum, continued 

Farq. R. & J. Farquhar Company, 
Boston, Mass. 

Pier. A. N. Pierson, Inc., Crom- 
well, Conn. 

Smith Elmer D. Smith & Co., 
Adrian, Mich. 

Totty Charles H. Totty, Madison, 
N. J. 

Classification 

An. Anemone 

Ast. Aster 

But. Button 

Dec. Decorative 

Hairy Hairy 

Inc. Incurved 

Jap. Japanese 

Jap. An. Japanese Anemone 

Jap. Inc. Japanese Incurved 

Lrg. An. Large Anemone 

Lrg. Fl. Large-flowered 

Lrg. Sin. Large Single 

Pom. Pompon 

Pom. An. Pompon Anemone 

Ref. Reflexed 

Sin. Single 

Sm. Fl. Small-flowered 

Sm. Sin. Small Single 

The varieties in the following list, except 
as indicated, belong to C. hortorum, a 
group of cultivated Chrysanthemums 
treated as a species but supposed to 
have been derived, through long con- 
tinued hybridization, from C. indicum 
and C. morifolium. 

A. Barham. Dec. (B. & A.; 

Totty.) 
Aberdeen. Pom. (Bay S.) 
AcTO. Pom. (B. & A.) 
Ada Sweet. Pom. An. (Cy.) 
Adelaide. Pom. (Totty.) 
Adelphia. Pom. (Smith.) 
Adironda. But. (Smith; Totty.) 
Admiral Beatty. Inc. (Totty.) 
Adonis. Ref. (Smith.) 
Adrians Pride. Lrg. FL? (Smith.) 
Aduana. Ref. (Smith.) 
Aesthetic. Inc. (Cy.) 
Agrippina. Pom. (Bay S.) 
Alaska. Hort. var. of C. maxi- 
mum. 
Alice Day. Jap. Inc. (Totty.) 
Alice Howell. Sin. (Cy. ; Smith.) 
Alma. Pom. (Cy.) 
A. Neilson. Pom. (Bay S.) 
Angelo. Pom. (Smith.) 
Anna. Sin. (Smith.) 
x\nna H. Condict. Sin. (Totty.) 
Anna L. Moran. Pom. (Totty.) 



Chrysanthemum, continued 

Anna Mary. Sm. Fl. (Farq.) 
Anneta. Pom. (Smith.) 
Annual C. C. carinatum. 
Anoka. Pom. (Smith.) 
Antigone. Lrg. Fl. (Smith.) 
Antique. (Totty.) 
Antoine Lanquetot. Dec. 

(B. & A.) 
Aquitane. Dec. (Pier.) 
Arctic C. C. arcticum. 
Arlee. Lrg. Sin. (Cy.) 
Artemis. Sin. (Totty.) 
Artisan. Jap, (Smith.) 
Artista. Lrg. Fl. (Smith.) 
Artistic Queen. Jap. Inc. (Cy.) 
Arvede Barine. Hairy (Cy.) 
August Dasse. Pom. (Smith.) 
Autocrat. Jap. Inc. (Totty.) 
Autumn Beauty. Dec. (Totty.) 
Autumn Glow. Lrg. Fl. (Dreer.) 
Autumn Queen. Pom. (Bay S.) 
AzELDA. An.? (Smith.) 
Baby. But. (Totty.) 
Baby Doll. But. (Smith.) 
Baby Margaret. But. (Totty.) 
Baldwin Scarlet. Pom. (Dreer.) 
Baltimore. But. (Totty.) 
Barbara Davis. Dec. (Totty.) 
Beatrice. Sin. (Totty.) 
Beatrice Asmus. An. (Smith.) 
Beauty of Truro. Hairy. (Cy.) 
Becky McLane. But.? (Totty.) 
Belle Mauve. Dec. (B. & A.; 

Totty.) 
Ben Wells. Lrg. Fl. (Smith.) 
Benten. Jap.? (Totty.) Goddess of 

Beauty. 
Bergen. Mrs. Clifford Brigham. 
Bertha Fairs. Sin. (Totty.) 
Bessie Flight. An. (Smith.) 
Beth. Ast. (Dreer.) 
Betsy Ross. Inc. (Smith.) 
Billancourt. Dec. (Totty.) 
BiLLiE Burke. But. (Smith.) 
Black Hawk. (Smith.) 
Blazing Star. Sin. (Smith.) 
Bob Pulling. Lrg. Fl. (Smith; 

Totty.) 
Bohemia. Lrg. Fl. (Farq.) 
BoL d'Or. Lrg. Fl. (Totty.) 
Border Beauty. Dec. (Totty.) 



82 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Chrysanthemum, continued 

Boston. Pom. (Bay S.) 
Bradshaw. Lrg. Fl. (Farq.) 
Bright Eyes. But. (Smith.) 
Bronze Buckingham. Sin. (Totty.) 
Bronze Doty. Pom. (Totty.) 
Bronze Molly. Lrg. Sin. (Totty.) 
Bronze Queen. Ast? (Smith.) 
Bronze Source d'Or. Dec. (Pier.) 
Bronze Unaka. Jap. Inc. (Totty.) 
Brown Bessie. Pom. (Pier.) 
Brune Poitevine. Dec. (B. & A.) 
Brutus. Pom. (Bay S.; Smith.) 
BuENA. But. (Smith.) 
Burridge. Hort. var. of C. carina- 

tum. Burridgeanum. 
Butlers Caprice. Pom. (Smith.) 
Button Rose. But. (Smith.) 
Caledonia. Sin. (Smith.) 
Calumet. Lrg. Fl. (Smith; Totty.) 
Caprice du Printemps. Dec. 

(Totty.) 
Captain Cook. Pom. (Totty.) 
Carlotta. Sin. (Totty.) 
Carmelite. Dec. (B. & A.;Totty.) 
Carrie. Dec. (B. & A.) Glory of 

Seven Oaks, Seven Oaks. 
Catherine Livingstone. Sin. 

(Smith.) 
Ceddie Mason. Sin. (Smith.) 
Cerise Queen. Sm. Fl. (Farq.) 
Ceta. Pom. (Smith.) 
Chadwick Improved. Jap. Inc. 

(Smith.) 
Chaldon. Dec. (Pier.) 
Champ d'Or. Dec. (B. & A.) 
Champagne. Dec. (B. & A.) 
Charles Fairs. Sin. (Totty.) 
Charles H. Totty. Lrg. Fl. 

(Smith; Totty.) 
Charles Jolly. Dec. (Totty.) 
Charles Rager. Inc. (Smith.) 
Charlotte Waite. Sin. (Totty.) 

Waite. 
Chestnut. Pom. An. (Smith.) 
Cheyenne. Jap. Inc. (Smith.) 
Chieftain. Inc. (Smith; Totty.) 
Christmas Gold. But. (Smith.) 
Christy Mathewson. Jap. 

(Smith.) 



Chrysanthemum, continued 

Chrysolora. Inc. (Smith; Totty.) 
Cinderella. Sin. (Pier.) 
Clara Jameson. Pom. (Totty.) 
Clare. But. (Smith.) 
Clarice. Pom. (Smith.) 
Clemencia. Jap. An. (Totty.) 
Clorinda. Pom. (Cy.; Smith.) 
Clump C. C. multicaule. 
Coed. An. (Smith.) 
Colonel Appleton. Inc. (Smith.) 
Cometo. Pom. (Smith.) 
Common C. C. hortorum. 
Comtesse de Cariel. Dec. 

(B. & A.) 
Connie Dick. Pom. (Totty.) Yel- 
low Doty. 
Corn-marigold. C. segetum. 
Corporal J. Fred Piper. Lrg. 

Fl. (Smith; Totty.) 
Costmary. C. balsamita. 
Countess Egmont. Sin. (Totty.) 
Cranford Pink. Dec. (Pier.) 
Cranford White. Dec. (Pier.) 
Cranford Yellow. Dec. (Pier.) 
Cranfordia. Dec. (Pier.) 
Crimson Pride. Pom. (Bay S.) 
Crimson Quintus. Dec. (Totty.) 
Crimson Source d'Or. Dec. 

(Totty.) 
Crista. But. (Smith.) 
Crocus. Jap. (Cy.) 
Crowndaisy. C. coronarium. 
Crystal Gem. Lrg. Fl. (Totty.) 
Daikoku. Jap.? (Totty.) God of 

Wealth. 
Daily Mail. Inc. (Smith.) 
Dainty. Sm. Sin. (Totty.) 
Dainty Maid. But. (Smith.) 
Daisy. Pom. (Smith.) 
Dawn. Sm. Fl. (Farq.) 
Dazzler. Sin. (Smith.) 
Debutante. Dec. (B.& A.; Totty.) 
December Beauty. Inc. (Smith.) 
December Gem. Jap. (Cy.; 

Smith.) 
December Queen. Jap. Inc. 

(Smith.) 
Delight. Ref. (Totty.) 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. I T Alic^synonyms or unapproved names. 



CHRYSANTHEMUM 



83 



Chrysanthemum, continued 

Delphine Dodge. Pom. (Pier.; 

Totty.) 
Diana. Pom. (Pier.) 
DiANTHA. Pom. An. (Cy.) 
Dick Witterstaetter. Ref. (Cy.) 
DiNizuLU. Sm. Fl. (Farq.) 
Dolly Duncan. Lrg. Sin. (Totty.) 
Donald. Pom. (Totty.) 
Dorothy. Ast.? (Smith.) 
Dorothy Gish. But. (Smith.) 
Dr. Enguehard. Lrg. FL? (Smith; 

Totty.) 
Dundee. Lrg. Fl. (Farq.) 
Earl Kitchener. Lrg. Fl. (Totty.) 
Early Frost. (Totty.) 
Early Rose. Inc? (Smith; Totty.) 
Eddie Knopping. Jap. Inc.? 

(Totty.) 
Eden. Dec. (Pier.) 
Eden Nonin. Dec. (B. & A.) 
Edina. Pom. (Smith.) 
Edwin Seidewitz. Inc. (Smith.) 
Elberon. Inc. (Smith.) 
Eleanor. Jap. An. (Totty.) 
Elizabeth. But. (B. & A.) 
Elizabeth Jamison. Jap.? (Totty.) 
Elkton. But. (Totty.) 
Elsa. Sing. (Totty.) 
E. M. Benson. (Totty.) 
Emberta. Inc. (Cy.) 
Ermine. Sm. Fl. (Farq.) 
Ernest Cooper. Lrg. An. (Cy.) 
Ethel Blades. Dec. (B. & A.) 
Eugene Langaulet. Pom. An. 

(Totty.) 
Excellence. Lrg. Fl. (Farq.) 
Excelsior. Lrg. Sin. (Totty.) 
Fairy Queen. Pom. (Smith.) 
Fascination. Sin. (Pier.) 
Felicity. Lrg. Sin. (Cy.) 
Fernridge. Sin. (Totty.) 
Feverfew. C. parthenium. 
Firebird. Pom. (Smith.) 
Firelight. Dec. (Pier.) 
Fleuve Rouge. Dec. (B. & A.) 
Florence Stanton. Dec. (Totty.) 
Florham Queen. Pom. (Totty.) 
Frances HucKv ALE. Pom. (Totty.) 



Chrysanthemum, continued 

Francis. Dec. (B. & A.) 
Francis Jolliffe. Lrg. Fl. 

(Smith.) 
P'rank Wilcox. Pom. (Smith.) 
Frank Wilcox, Jr. But. (Smith.) 
Fred J. Lrg. Fl. (Farq.) 
Frensy. Pom. (Bay S.) 
Prison d'Or. Hairy. (Cy.) 
F. S. Vallis. Lrg. Fl. (Totty.) 
Garza. An. (Smith; Totty.) 
Gaston Quineaux. Dec. (Totty.) 
General Allenby. Ref. (Totrty.) 
Genevieve. Lrg. Sin. (Totty.) 
George Hawkins. Lrg. An. (Cy.) 
George J. Bruzard. Lrg. Fl. 

(Smith.) 
George W. Childs. (Smith.) 
Gertrude Wilson. Pom. An. 

(Cy.) 
Giant Daisy. C. uliginosum. 
GiLDA. Pom. (Smith.) 
Gipsy. Sin. (Pier.) 
Gladys Spaulding. Lrg. An. (Cy.) 
Glen Cove. Jap. (Cy.; Smith.) 
Glenartney. Jap.? (Totty.) 
Glenview. Jap. (Smith.) 
Globe d'Or. Ast. (Dreer.) 
Gloire de France. Lrg. Fl. 

(Farq.) 
Gloria. (Totty.) 
Glorianna. Sin. (Totty.) 
Glory of Seven Oaks. Carrie. 
Glory of the Pacific. (Totty.) 
GoACHERS Crimson. Dec. (Pier.) 
God of Wealth. Daikoku. 
Goddess of Beauty. Benten. 
Godfreys Perfection. An. 

(Smith; Totty.) 
Golden Age. Pom. (Smith.) 
Golden Chadwick. Inc. (Smith.) 
Golden Champion. Nagirroc. 
Golden Climax. Pom. (Smith; 

Totty.) 
Golden Elberon. Inc. (Smith.) 
Golden Feather. Source d'(3r. 
Golden Firebrand. But. (Totty.) 
Golden Glow. (Smith.) 
Golden Lida Thomas. An. 

(Smith; Totty.) 



Small CAPiTALS=approved common names. Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (f) see page 



84 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Chrysanthemum, continued 

Golden Mensa. Sin. (Pier.; 

Smith.) 
Golden Mistletoe. (Smith.) 
Golden Pheasant. Sm. Fl. 

(Farq.) 
Golden Queen. Inc. (Smith; 

Totty.) 
Golden Robin. Jap. (Cy.) 
Golden Wedding. Inc. (Smith.) 
Golden West. Pom. (Pier.; 

Smith.) 
Goldenfeather. iC. parthenium 

aureum f Cy.) 
Graf von Fleming. Jap. An. 

(Totty.) 
Graf von Oriola. Jap. An. 

(Totty.) 
Grant B. Schley. Sin. (Totty.) 
Greystone. Pom. (Smith.) 
Hamburgh Late White. (Totty.) 
Harrie. Dec. (B. & A.) 
Harriet Sykes. Pom. (Totty.) 
Harry E. Converse. Lrg. Fl. 

(Totty.) 
Harvard. Ref. (Cy.; Smith.) 
Harvest Home. Ast.? (Smith.) 
Harvest Moon. Pom. (Pier.) 
Helen Frick. Inc. (Smith.) 
Helen Lee. Inc.? (Smith.) 
Helen Newberry. Pom. (Cy.; 

Smith.) 
Helena. (Totty.) 
Helena Flint. Pom. (Totty.) 
Helios. Sing. (Totty.) 
Henri Vincent. Jap. (Totty.) 
Hijos. Pom ? (B. & A.) 
Hilda Canning. But. (Smith.) 
H. Marie Totty. Sin. (Totty.) 
Holmes W^hite. Ast.? (Smith.) 
Hortense Malgat. Dec. (B.&A.) 
Ida Catharine Skiff. Lrg. Sin. 

(Totty.) 
Idolf. Pom. (Smith.) 
Illona. Pom. (Smith.) 
Improved Golden Glow. (Totty.) 
Indian. Lrg. Fl. (Dreer.) 
Indian Hill. Pom. (Totty.) 
Indicum. Sm. Sin. (Smith.) 
Innocencia. Jap. An. (Totty.) 
Intensity. Ref. (Smith.) 
Irene. Sin. (Totty.) 



Chrysanthemum, continued 

Itaska. Lrg. Sin. (Cy.) 

IvA. Pom. (Dreer; Smith.) 

Ivor Grant. Sin. (Totty.) 

IzoLA. An. (Smith.) 

James Boone. Sm. Fl. (Farq.) 

James Fraser. Ref. (Smith.) 

Jeanne Nonin. Inc. (Smith; 

Totty.) 
Jersey. Lrg. Fl. (Farq.) 
Jimmie. Dec. (B. & A.) 
Joan Edwards. Sin. (Totty.) 
Joan of Arc. Ref. (Totty.) 
John Bunyan. Lrg. An. (Cy.) 
John Burton. (Smith.) 
Johnsons Favorite. Pom. (Bay S.) 
Josephine. Sing. (Smith; Totty.) 
Josephine Foley. Jap. Inc. 

(Smith.) 
Josephine Scholtman. Sin. (Totty.) 
Julia de Witt. Pom. (Totty.) 
Juliana. Pom. (Smith.) 
Julie Lagravere. Pom. (Smith.) 
Juno. Jap. An. (Totty.) 
Katherine Twigg. Lrg. Fl. 

(Totty.) 
Kathleen May. Sin. (Totty.) 
Kathleen Thompson. Dec. 

(Totty.) 
Kenneth. Pom. (B. & A.; Smith.) 
Kewanee. Inc. (Smith.) 
King Edward. Hort. var. of C 

maximum. 
Kitty Bourne. Lrg. Fl. (Farq.) 
Kitty Riches. Sin. (Totty.) 
Klondike. Pom. (Smith.) 
KoLETA. Pom. (Smith.) 
Korean C. C. coreanum. 
L'AiSNE. Dec. (Totty.) 
L'Argentuillais. Dec. (Pier.) 
L'Enfant des Deux Mondes. 

Hairy. (Cy.) 
La Purite. Pom. (Smith.) 
La Somme. Dec. (B. & A.) 
Lady Astor. Sin. (Totty.) 
Lady Hopetoun. Lrg. Fl. (Smith; 

Totty.) 
Lady Lee. Lrg. Sin. (Cy.) 
Lady Lu. Sin. (Smith.) 
Lady Lydia. Dec. (Totty.) 
Lady Naylor. Lrg. Fl. (Farq.) 
Ladysmith. Sm. Sin. (Cy.) 



CHRYSANTHEMUM 



85 



Chrysanthemum, continued 

Laneta. Pom. (Smith.) 
Le Pactole. Dec. (B. & A.) 
Leilah. Pom. (Smith.) 
Lelia. But. (Totty.) 
Lenox. Inc. (Smith.) 
Leocadie Gentils. Hairy. (Cy.) 
Liberty Bond. Inc.? (Smith.) 
LiDA Thomas. An. (Cy.; Smith.) 
Lilac Cap. Dec. (Totty.) 
Lilac Caprice. Pom. (Smith.) 
Lillian Doty. Pom. * (Pier • 
Smith; Totty.) '' 

Lily Neville. Lrg. Sin. (Totty.) 
Little Barbee. Sin. (Cy.; Smith.) 
Little Gem. But. (Smith; Totty.) 
Little Tot. But. (Smith.) 
Lizzie Adcock. Dec. (Totty.) 
Lorraine Meech. Pom. (Pier.) 
Louis Boehmer. Hairy. (Cy ; 

Totty.) 
Louis Spears. Sin. (Totty.) 
Louisa Pockett. Lrg. Fl. (Smith; 

Totty.) 
Loyalty. Jap. Inc. (Smith.) 
LuAN. Sm. Fl. (Farq.) 
Lyndhurst. Sm. Fl. (Farq ) 
Madison. Ref. (Cy.) 
Maduse. Dec. (Pier.) 
Maid of Kent. Pom. (Pier.) 
Major Bonaffon. Inc. (Cy • 

Smith; Totty.) 
Mankato. Ref. (Smith.) 
Maple Leaf. An. (Smith.) 
Marguerite. C. frutescens. 
Marguerite Clark. But. (Smith ) 
Mariana. Pom. (Smith.) 
Marie Antoinette. Lrg. Fl 

(Farq.) 
Marigold. Lrg. FL (Smith 

Totty.) 
Mary. Pom. (Totty.) 
Mary Colladay. An. (Smith.) 
Mary Donellan. Jap. Inc 

(Smith.) 
Mary Mason. Lrg. Fl. (Smith; 

Totty.) 
Mary Pickford. But. (Smith.) 
Maud Dean. Inc. (Smith.) 
May Suydam. Dec. (B. & A ) 
Meg. Pom. (Totty.) 
Mensa. Lrg. Sin. (Smith; Totty.) 



Chrysanthemum, continued 

Merstham Jewel. Sin. (Smith ) 
Metzi. Pom. (Smith.) 
Meudon. Lrg. Fl. (Smith; Totty.) 
Meudon Surprise. Lre Fl 
(Totty.) ^- • 

Midnight Sun. Inc. (Smith.) 
Mildred Presby. Sin. (Smith; 

Totty.) 
Millicent Piper. Lrg. Sin 

(Totty.) ^ 

Mimico. Pom. (Smith.) 
Mimosa. But. (B. & A.) 
Minnesota. Sin. (Smith.) 
Minta. Pom. (Smith.) 
MiRABEAU. But. (B. & A.) 
MiRAMAR. Pom. (Smith.) 
Miss A. E. Roope. (Smith.) 
Miss Anola Wright. Inc. (Smith ) 
Miss B. Hamilton. Dec. (B. & A • 

Totty.) 
Miss Clay Frick. (Smith.) 
Miss Elvia Scoville. Lrg Fl 

(Smith; Totty.) 
Miss Emma. Lrg. Fl. (Farq.) 
Miss F. Collier. Ast.? (Smith.) 
Miss Gladys Wooderson. Ref 

(Totty.) 
Miss Grace Durkin. Jap. Inc 

(Totty.) 
Miss Isabelle. Sin. (Smith.) 
Miss Katherine Simmons. An 

(Smith.) 
Miss Mary Pope. Sin. (Pier.) 
Miss Ruth S. Bergen. Sin 

(Totty.) 
Miss Ruth Twombly. Ref ? 

(Totty.) 
Mistletoe. (Smith.) 
Mme. D. L'Argentage. Ast. 

(Dreer.) 
Mme. Drouard. Ast.? (Smith.) 
Mme. Marquis. (Totty.) 
Model. Pom. (B. & A.) 
Model of Perfection. Pom. 

(Dreer.) 
Modesto. Inc. (Smith.) 
MoRRisTowN. Lrg. Fl. (Smith.) 
Mother C. C. indicum. 
Mr. Rux. Dec. (B. & A.) 
Mrs. Albert Phillips. Sin. • 
(Totty.) 



86 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Chrysanthemum, continued 



Cleary. 



Sin. 



Lrg. 
Jap. 
Pom. 
Sin. 
Sin. 
Lrg. 
Fl. 



Mrs. Charles 

(Totty.) 
Mrs. Charles C. Mickle. Sin 

(Totty.) 
Mrs. Charles H. Curtis. Lrg 

Fl. (Totty.) 
Mrs. Charles H. Totty. 

Fl. (Smith.) 
Mrs. Charles W. Johnson 

Inc. (Totty.) 
Mrs. Chester Robinson. 

(Totty.) 
Mrs. Clifford Brigham. 

(Totty.) Bergen. 
Mrs. C. S. McKinney. 

(Totty.) 
Mrs. David Lloyd George. 

Fl. (Totty.) 
Mrs. David Syme. Lrg 

(Smith.) 
Mrs. Dean Emery. Dec. (B. & A.) 
Mrs. E. D. Godfrey. Sin. 

(Smith; Totty.) 
Mrs. E. H. Wells. Sin. (Totty.) 
Mrs. E. Kershaw, Inc.? (Totty.) 
Mrs. Ernest Wild. Lrg. FL 

(Totty.) 
Mrs. F. Gordon Dexter. Lrg. 

An. (Cy.) 
Mrs. Francis Bergen. Pom. 

(Totty.) 
Mrs. Frank Beu. Mrs. Frank 

Wilcox. 
Mrs. Frank Wilcox. But. (Totty.) 

Mrs. Frank Beu. 
Mrs. George Hunt. Jap. Inc. 

(Smith.) 
Mrs. G. G. Mason. Ref 

Totty.) 
Mrs. Gilbert Drabble. 

(Totty.) 
Mrs. G. Lloyd Wigg. 

(Smith.) 

Mrs. Greening. Dec. (Totty.) 
Mrs. G. W. Wickersham. Pom 

(Totty.) 
Mrs. Harrison Craig. Dec 

(B. & A.) 



(Smith ; 
Lrg. Fl. 
Lrg. Fl. 



Chrysanthemum, continued 

Mrs. Harry Turner. Lrg. Fl.? 

(Smith.) 
Mrs. Henry F. Vincent. Pom. 

(Totty.) 
Mrs. H. Harrison. Pom. (Totty.) 
Mrs. H. J. Jones. Jap. (Smith.) 
Mrs. H. S. Firestone. Lrg. Fl. 

(Smith; Totty.) 
Mrs. H. Shoebridge. Sin. 

(Totty.) 
Mrs. Jacob W^ellauer. An. 

(Smith.) 
Mrs. J. A. Miller. Jap. (Smith.) 
Mrs. J. C. Neill. Inc. (Smith.) 
Mrs. J. E. Dunne. Jap. (Smith.) 
Mrs. Jeffries. Lrg. Fl. (Totty.) 
Mrs. J. Fielding. Dec. (B. & A.) 
Mrs. J. Gibson. Lrg. Fl. (Smith; 

Totty.) 
Mrs. J. Leslie Davis. Inc. 

(Smith; Totty.) Pink Turner. 
Mrs. John A. Stewart, Jr. Sin. 

(Totty.) 
Mrs. J. Wells. Ref. (Cy.) 
Mrs. J. Willis Buhl. Lrg. Fl. 

(Totty.) 
Mrs. Lou Thompson. Sin. 

(Totty.) 
Mrs. Max Behr. Sin. (Totty.) 
Mrs. Nellie Kleris. Pom. 

(Totty.) 
Mrs. O. H. Kahn. Lrg. Fl. 

(Smith; Totty.) 
Mrs. Owen Winston. Jap. An. 

(Totty.) 
Mrs. Paul Moore. Lrg. Fl. 

(Smith; Totty.) 
Mrs. Peary. Lrg. Fl. (Farq.) 
Mrs. Porter. Lrg. Fl. (Farq.) 
Mrs. R. C. Pulling. Lrg. Fl. 

(Smith; Totty.) 
Mrs. R. Hooper Pearson. Dec. 

(Totty.) 
Mrs. Roberts. Ast. (Dreer.) 
Mrs. Shimmins. Lrg. An. (Smith.) 
Mrs. T. W. McNeice. Ref. 

(Totty.) 
Mrs. U. p. Hedrick. Lrg. Sin. 

(Smith.) 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. I T Alic^synonyvns, or unapproved names. 



CHRYSANTHEMUM 



87 



Chrysanthemum, continued 

Mrs. W. E. Buckingham. Sin. 

(Pier. ; Totty.) 
Mrs. W. H. Waite. Sin. (Totty.) 
Mrs. Woodrow Wilson. Lrg. Fl. 

(Totty.) 
Mulberry C. C. morifolium. 
Muskoka. Pom. (Smith.) 
Myers Perfection. But. (Totty.) 
Nadine. Lrg. Fl. (Totty.) 
Nagirroc. Lrg. FL? (Smith; 

Totty.) Golden Champion. 
Nagoya. Ref. (Smith.) 
Nakota. Lrg. FL? (Smith.) 
Naomah. Inc. (Cy.) 
Naponee. Lrg. FL? (Smith.) 
Nellie Blake. Dec. (Totty.) 
Nellie Irwin. Pom. (Pier.) 
Nellie Pockett. Jap. Inc. 

(Smith.) 
Nellie Rainsford. But. (B. & A.) 
Nelma Putnam. Pom. (Totty.) 
Neola. Pom. (Smith.) 
Nerissa. Lrg. FL (Smith; Totty.) 
Nina Blick. Dec. (Pier.) 
Nippon. Pom. (Totty.) 
Nippon Oxeye Daisy. C. nipponi- 

cum. 
Niza. Pom. (Pier.; Smith.) 
NoRDi. Pom. (Smith.) 
Normandie. Dec. (Totty.) 
November Glow. Jap. Inc. 

(Smith.) 
Oconto. Lrg. FL (Smith; Totty.) 
October Frost. Lrg. FL (Totty.) 
October Herald. Lrg. FL 

(Totty.) 
October King. Jap. Inc. (Totty.) 
October Queen. Lrg. Fl. (Totty.) 
Odessa. Inc. (Smith.) 
Old Gold. Sin. (Smith.) 
Old Homestead. Lrg. FL (Dreer.) 
Ora. Sm. Fl. (Farq.) 
Orange Queen. Inc. (Smith.) 
Orea. Pom. (Smith.) 
Orion. Dec. (B. & A.) 
Ouray. Pom. (Smith.) 
Oxeye Daisy. C. leucanthemum. 
Pacific Supreme. Jap. (Cy.; 

Smith; Totty.) 



Chrysanthemum, continued 

Painted Daisy. C. coccineum. 

Parthenium aureum. Golden- 
feather. 
Patty. Jap. (Smith.) 
Pauline Wilcox. Pom. (Pier.) 
Pearl Cluster. Sm. Fl. (Farq.) 
Pepita. Jap. An. (Totty.) 
Perle Chatillonaise. Dec. (B. 

& A.; Totty.) 
Petite Jean. Sin. (Totty.) 
Petite Louis. Lrg. Fl. (Totty.) 
Peto. Lrg. Fl. (Farq.) 
Philip Ricci. Lrg. Fl. (Totty.) 
Phyllis Bryant. Sin. (Totty.) 
Phyllis Lawlor. Sin. (Totty.) 
Pigmy. Pom. (Smith.) 
Pink Gem. Inc. (Cy.) 
Pink Mistletoe. (Smith.) 
Pink Simplicity. Sin. (Pier.) 
Pink Treasure. Inc. (Smith.) 
Pink Turner. Mrs. J. Leslie 

Davis. 
PocKETTS Crimson. Lrg. FL 

(Smith; Totty.) 
PocKETTS Surprise. Jap. Inc. 

(Smith.) 
Polly Duncan. Lrg. Sin. (Smith.) 
Polly Rose. (Totty.) 
Pomona. An. (Smith.) 
Portia. Sin. (Totty.) 
Portuguese C. C. lacustre. 
PouGHKEEPsiE. Lrg. Fl. (Smith.) 
President John Everitt. Lrg. 

Fl. (Smith; Totty.) 
President Taft. Jap. Inc. 

(Smith.) 
Princess. An. (Smith.) 
Private James Gresham. Ref. 

(Totty.) 
Private Merlie Hay. Ref. 

(Totty.) 
Provence. Ast.? (Smith.) 
Purple Cap. Dec. (Totty.) 
Purple King. Lrg. Fl. (Smith.) 
Pyrenees C. C. maximum. 
Queen. Sin. (Smith.) 
Queen Mary. Lrg. Fl. (Totty.) 
Queen of the Whites. But. 

(Totty.) 



Small CAPiTALS=approved common names. Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (t) see page 1, 



88 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Chrysanthemum, continued 

QuiNOLA. Pom. (Cy.; Smith.) 
Ramapo. Jap. (Cy.) 
Red Doty. Pom. (Totty.) 
Red Light. Lrg. Sin. (Cy.) 
Reflexed Louisa Pockett. Lrg. 

Fl. (Totty.) 
Reginald Vallis. Jap, (Smith.) 
Rena. Pom. (Totty.) 
Rhoda. Sm. Fl. (Farq.) 
Richard Delafield. Sin. 

(Totty.) 
Richmond. (Smith.) 
Rita. Pom. (Pier.) 
R. M. Grey. Hairy. (Cy.) 
Robinson. Hort. var. of C. maxi- 
mum. Robinsoni. 
Rodi. Pom. (Smith.) 
Roi DE Precoces. Pom. (Bay S.) 
Roman Gold. Inc. (Smith; Totty.) 
RosANDA. Lrg. Fl. (Smith.) 
Rose Day. Lrg. Fl. (Totty.) 
Rose Delight. Inc. (Smith.) 
Rose M. Daly. Sin. (Totty.) 
Rose Perfection. Inc. (Smith.) 
Rose Pockett. Jap. Inc.? (Smith.) 
Rose Trevenna. But. (Totty.) 
RosiE. Dec. (Pier.) 
Rosinante. Pom. (Dreer.) 
RouPEL Beauty. Lrg. Fl. (Farq.) 
Ruby Queen. Sm. Fl. (Farq.) 
RuFUS. Sm. Fl. (Farq.) 
Ruth Gumming. Dec. (Pier.) 
S. A. Naceur Bey. Jap. Inc. 

(Smith.) 
Sardi VoRRO. Pom. (Totty.) 
Satisfaction. Lrg. An. (Cy.) 
Sergeant Wm. E. Young. Lrg. 

Fl. (Smith; Totty.) 
Seven Oaks. Carrie. 
Shaker Lady. Pom. (Totty.) 
Shasta Daisy-. Hort, var. of C. 

maximum. 
Sidney Mitchell. Pom. (Totty.) 
Silver King. Ref. (Smith.) 
Sir E. Letchworth. Lrg. Fl.? 

(Totty.) 
Sir Michael. Lrg. Fl. (Farq.) 
Skibo, Pom. (Pier.; Smith.) 
Smith Advance. Lrg. Fl. (Totty.) 
Smith Cameo. Inc. (Smith.) 
Smith Imperial. Inc. (Smith.) 



Chrysanthemum, continued 

Smith Sensation. Inc. (Cy.) 
Smith Sublime. Inc. (Smith.) 
Snowflake. Lrg. Sin. (Totty.) 
Source d'Or. Dec. (Pier.; Totty.) 

Golden Feather. 
Spring Hill. Jap. An. (Totty.) 
St. Elmo. Lrg. Fl. (Farq.) 
Stanley Ven. Sin. (Smith; 

Totty.) 
Sun Glow. Jap. Inc.? (Smith.) 
Sunbeam. Inc. (Smith.) 
Sunray. Inc. (Smith.) 
Sunshine. Jap. An. (Totty.) 
Supreme. Sin. (Totty.) 
Surprise. Lrg. Fl. (Cy.) 
Surprise. Lrg. An. (Smith.) 
Susquehanna. Pom. (Bay S.) 
Sylvia. Lrg. Fl. (Farq.) 
Sylvia Slade. Sin. (Smith.) 
T. Carrington. Lrg. Fl. (Smith.) 
Tekonsha. Lrg. Fl. (Smith.) 
Tenny-son. Sm. Fl. (Farq.) 
Thanksgiving Pink. (Totty.) 
Thanksgiving Queen. Lrg. Fl. 

(Smith.) 
The Belle. Pom. An. (Smith.) 
The Chief. Pom. An. (Smith.) 
The Czar. Pom. (B. & A.) 
The Speaker. Hort. var. of C. 

maximum. 
Thelma. Pom. (Totty.) 
Tiger. Jap. Inc. (Smith.) 
Timothy Eaton. Jap. Inc. 

(Smith.) 
Tints of Gold. Dec? (Totty.) 
Titanic. Lrg. Fl. (Smith.) 
Titian Beauty. Jap. An. (Totty.) 
Traveler. Pom. (Totty.) 
Triomphe d'Or. Lrg. Fl. (Farq.) 
Triumph. Hort. var. of C. maxi- 
mum. 
Trojan. Sm. Fl. (Farq.) 
Turfing Daisy. C. tchihatchewi. 
Unaka. Inc. (Smith.) 
Urith. But. (Totty.) 
UvALDA. Pom. (Smith.) 
Vasco. Pom. (Smith.) 
Vayenne. Pom. An. (Cy.) 
Vermont. Inc. (Smith.) 
Veronica. Sin. (Totty.) 
Victory. Lrg. Fl. (Dreer.) 



CHRYSANTHEMUM— CILICIAN 



89 



Chrysanthemum, continued 
Victory. Inc. (Smith.) 
Viola. Pom. (Dreer.) 
Virginia Holden. Sin. (Pier.) 
Vivian Cook. Lrp;. Sin. (Totty.) 
Vivian Martin. But.? (Smith.) 
Waco. But. (Totty.) 
Waite. Charlotte Waite. 
Wanda. Pom. (Smith.) 
Wee Wah. Jap. An. (Totty.) 
Wells Excelsior. Sin. (Pier.) 
Wells Late Pink. Lrg. Fl. 

(Smith; Totty.) 
Wells Scarlet. Dec. (Pier.) 
Wendalia Lrg. Fl. (Farq.) 
Western Beauty. Pom. (Smith; 

Totty.) 
W. H. Chadwick. Inc. (Smith.) 
White Bonnaffon. Inc. (Smith.) 
White Cap. Dec. (Totty.) 
White Chieftain. Inc. (Smith; 

Totty.) 
White Countess. Ast. (Dreer.) 
White Doty. Pom. (Pier.; Smith; 

Totty.) 
White Elberon. Inc. (Smith.) 
White Helen Frick. Inc. (Smith.) 
White Midget. But. (Smith.) 
White Mrs. Filkins. Dec. 

(Totty.) 
White Seidewitz. Jap. Inc. 

(Smith; Totty.) 
White Surprise. Jap. Inc.? 

(Smith.) 
White Swan. Hairy. (Cy.) 
W. H. Lincoln. Pom. (Smith.) 
WiLFREDA. Jap. An. (Totty.) 
William H. Waite. Lrg. Fl. 

(Smith; Totty.) 
William Rigby. Lrg. Fl. (Totty.) 
William Sobey. Ast. (Dreer.) 
William Turner, Inc. (Cy.; 

Smith.) 
William Vert. Ref. (Smith.) 
William Westlake. But. (Totty.) 
Windlass. Lrg. Fl. (Farq.) 
Winnetka. Ast.? (Smith.) 
W. WooDMASON. Lrg. Fl. (Smith.) 
Yanoma. Ref. (Cy.) 
Yellow Advance. Ref. (Totty.) 
Yellow Cap. Dec. (Totty.) 
Yellow Caprice. Pom. (Smith.) 



Chrysanthemum, continued 

Yellow Doty. Connie Dick. 
Yellow Early Frost. (Totty.) 
Yellow Garza. An.? (Smith.) 
Yellow Gem. Sm. Fl. (Farq.) 
Yellow Normandie. Dec. (Pier.) 
Yellow Pockett. Lrg. Fl. (Totty.) 
Yellow Prince. An. (Totty.) 
Yellow Triumphant. Dec. (Tot.) 
Yellow Turner. Inc. (Smith.) 
Yvonne. Sin. (Totty.) 
Zelia. Pom. (Smith.) 
Zenobia. But. (B. & A.;Totty.)- 
ZoRA. Pom. (Smith.) 
ZoRAiDA. Lrg. An. (Cy.) 

CHRYSOBALANUS 

icaco Coco-PLUM 

CHRYSOCOMA 

linosyris . . . Linos3rris vulgaris 

CHRYSOGONUM 
virginianum .... Goldenstar 

CHRYSOPHYLLUM . Star-apple 

cainito . {Caimito Pom) Star-apple 
CHRYSOPSIS . . Golden-aster 

ma iana Maryland G. 

villosa Hairy G. 

— rutteri 
CHRYSURUS . . . ACHYRODES 
Chufa .... Cyperus esculentus 
CHYSIS 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

CIBOTIUM (CYBOTIUM) Cibotium 
barometz .... Scythian Lamb 
regale .... Royal Cibotium 
schiedei Mexican C. 

CICER Chickpea 

arietinum Chickpea 

CICHORIUM 

endivia Endive 

intybus Chicory 

Hort. var. of Cichorium: 

White Chicory (intyhus album) 

CICUTA Waterhemlock 

maculata Spotted W. 

Cider Gum . . . Eucalyptus gunni 
Cigarbox-cedar . . Cedrela odorata 
CiLiciAN Bladder-senna, Cilician 

Fir, etc. See Bladder-senna, 

Fir, etc. 



90 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



CIMICIFUGA BuGBANE 

americana .... American B. 

dahurica Dahurian B. 

foetida simplex (C. racemosa sim- 
plex Cy) Kamchatka Bugbane 
japonica {Adaea japonica) 

Japanese B. 

racemosa Cohosh B. 

— simplex Cy . C. foetida simplex 
simplex . . . . C. foetida simplex 

CINERARIA 

cruenta .... Senecio cruentus 
grandiflora S. cruentus 

hybrida 

See note under Senecio cruentus. 

maritima S. cineraria 

stellata S. cruentus 

Cineraria 

Common C. . . Senecio cruentus 
Silver C S. cineraria 

Cinnabar Cuphea Cuphea miniata 

CINNAMOMUM 

camphora {Campliora officinalis) 

Camphor -tree 

cassia Cassiabark-tree 

loureiri . . . Cassiaflower-tree 
zeylanicum Cinnamon 

Cinnamon Cinnamomum zeylanicum 

Cinnamon Fern, Cinnamon Rose, 
etc. See Fern, Rose, etc. 

Cinnamon-vine . Dioscorea batatas 

CiNQUEFOiL Potentilla 

Alpine C P. grandiflora 

Cliff C P. rupestris 

Common C P. canadensis 

Dahurian C. P. fruticosa dahurica 
Friedrichsen C. (P. fruticosa 

friedrichseni^ Cy) 
Himalayan C. . P. atrosanguinea 
Macnab C. (P. macnabianaf Cy) 
P. nepalensis 



Nepal C. 
O'BrianC. . 
Pyrenees C. 
Russell C. . 
Shrubby C. . 
Silver C. . . 

SiLVERWEED 

Veitch C. . 
Wineleaf C. 



P. obriana 

P. pyrenaica 

P. russelliana 

P. fruticosa 

P. argentea 

P. anserina 

fruticosa veitchi 

. P. tridentata 



CIRRHOPETALUM 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

CIRSIUM Thistle 

The common name Thistle applies also 
to certain allied genera. 

diacantha {Chamaepeuce diacantha) 
SiLVERLiNE Thistle 
CISSUS 

Consult also the allied genera Ampel- 
opsis and Vitis. 

capensis ( Vitis capensis) 

EvERGREEN-GRAPE 

discolor {V. discolor) 

Begonia Treebine 
hypoglauca 
oblonga (F. ohlonga) 

Queensland T. 
quadrangularis (F. quadrangularis) 

Winged Treebine 
rhombifolia (F. rhombifolia) 
striata ( F. striata) . . Striped T. 

CISTUS ROCKROSE 

albidus Whiteleaf R. 

ladaniferus Gum R. 

laurifolius Laurel R. 

monspeliensis . . Montpelier R. 

salvifolius Salvia R. 

Hort. var. of Cistus: 

Brown-eyed Rockrose (C. ladan- 
iferus maculatus'\ Cy) 
CiTRANGE {Citrus trifoUata X C. si- 
7ie7isis) 

For horticultural varieties see American 
Pomological Society's List of Fruits, in 
Appendix. 

Citron Citrus medica 

Citron Daylily Hemerocallis citrina 

CiTRONELLA HORSEBALM 

Collinsonia canadensis 
CITROPSIS 
schweinfurthi 

African Cherry-orange 
CITRULLUS 

colocynthis Colocynth 

vulgaris .... Watermelon 
CITRUS 

For horticultural varieties of Citrus, see 

CiTRANGE, Grapefruit, Kumquat, 

Lemon, Limequat, Orange, and Tan- 

I GELO in the American Pomological So- 

I ciety's List of Fruits, in Appendix. 

I amara C. aurantium 

/7'-4/jc=synonyms or unapproved names. 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. 



CITRUS— CLEMATIS 



91 



CITRUS, continued 

aurantifolia Lime 

aurantium (amara; higaradia) 

Seville Orange 
deliciosa . . C, nobilis deliciosa 

grandis Grapefruit 

japonica . . Fortunella japonica 

limonia Lemon 

medica Citron 

mitis Calamondin 

nobilis King Orange 

— deliciosa .... Mandarin O. 

The Mandarin includes the so-called 
Tangerine varieties of Orange. 

— unshiu . . . Satsuma Orange 

sinensis Orange 

taitensis Tahiti O. 

trifoliata (Poncirus trifoliata Cy- 

Ag) .... Hardy Orange 

unshiu .... C. nobilis unshiu 

Civet Bean Phaseolus lunatus 

CLADANTHUS 

arabicus (Anthemis arabicus) 

CLADRASTIS . . . Yellow-wood 

amurensis . . Maackia amurensis 
lutea (tinctoria; Virgilia lutea) 

Yellow- wood 

sinensis Chinese Y. 

Clambering Monkshood 

Aconitum uncinatum 

Clammy Campion, Clammy Locust, 

etc. See Campion, Locust, etc. 

Clarke Iris Iris clarkei 

CLARKIA Clarkia 

concinna 

elegans (C unguiculata Ag) 

pulchella 
Clary 

Common C Salvia sclarea 

Clasping Coneflower 

Rudbeckia amplexicaulis 
Clawfern Onychium 

Japanese C. . . . O. japonicum 

CLAYTONIA . . . Springbeauty 
caroliniana .... Carolina S. 
virginica Virginia S. 

CLEISTOCACTUS 

baumanni (Cereus baumanni) 

Small CAPixALS^approved common names. 



CLEMATIS Clematis 

apiifolia October C. 

armandi Arm and C. 

See also hort. var. list on page 92. 

coccinea C. texensis 

crispa Curly Clematis 

davidiana 

C. heracleaefolia davidiana 
dioscoreifolia Yamleaf Clematis 

douglasi Douglas C. 

erecta C. recta 

flammula . . . Plume Clematis 

florida CreamC. 

fremonti Fremont C. 

grata Himalayan C. 

nenryi Winter C. 

The name C. henryi has commonly been 
misapplied' in the trade to the Henry 
Clematis, a hybrid, which see in the hort. 
var. list on page 92. The true C. henryi, 
the Winter Clematis, is a very different 
wild species native in China. 

heracleaefolia (tubulosa) 

Tube Clematis 
— davidiana . Fragrant Tube C. 
indivisa .... New Zealand C. 
integrifolia 
jackmani Jackman C. 

By some authors regarded as a hybrid. 
See also hort. var. list on page 92. 

lanuginosa . Ningpo Clematis 
lawsoiLiana henryi Cy . Henry C. 
See hort. var. list on page 92. 

ligusticifolia 

Western Virgins-bower 
montana . . Anemone Clematis 

orientalis Oriental C. 

paniculata . Sweet Autumn C. 
patens Lilac C. 

See also hort. var. list on page 92. 

recta {erecta) .... Ground C. 
serratifolia .... Korean C. 

tangutica Golden C. 

texensis {coccinea) . . Scarlet C. 
tubulosa ... C. heracleaefolia 
verticillaiis . . . 1{ock Clematis 
vioma .... Leatherflower 
virginiana .... Virgins-bower 
vitalba .... Travelers-joy 
viticella . . . Italian Clematis 
Hort. var. of Clematis: 
Countess of Onslow 

Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (t) see page 1. 



92 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



CLEMATIS (Hort. var.), continued 

Double Armand {armandi flore- 

-pleno) 
Duchess of Albany 
Duchess of Edinburgh 
Duchess of York 
Fair Rosamond 
Fairy Queen 
Gem 

Gipsy Queen 
Henry (C. lawsoniana henryi Cy; 

C. henryi Hort.) 

For the true C. henryi, the Winter 

Clematis, see the Latin-name list above. 

Jeanne d'Arc 

Kermes {kermesina) 
L.ady Caroline Nevill 
Lawson {lawsoniana) ' 
Madame Baron Veillard 
Madame Edouard Antjre 
Madame Vanhoutte 
Miss Bateman 

M. KOSTER 

Nellie Moser 

Purple Armand (annandi pur- 
purea) 

Ramona 

SiEBOLD (hyhrida sieboldi) 

Standish (C. patens standishi] Cy) 

The President 

ViLLE DE Lyon 

Violet Jackman (jackmani su- 
perba) 

White Jackman (jackmani alba) 
Clematis Clematis 

See also hort. var. list above. 

Anemone C. . . . C. montana 

Armand C C. annandi 

Cream C C. florida 

Curly C C. crispa 

Douglas C C. douglasi 

Fragrant Tube C. 

C. heracleaefolia davidiana 

Fremont C C. fremonti 

Golden C C. tangutica 

Ground C C. recta 

Himalayan C C. grata 

Italian C C. viticella 

Jackman C C. jackmani 

Korean C. . . . C. serratifolia 
Leatherflower ... C. vioma 
Lilac C C. patens 



Clematis, continued 

New Zealand C. Clematis indivisa 

Ningpo C C. lanuginosa 

October C C. apiifolia 

Oriental C, ... C orientalis 

Plume C C. flammula 

Rock C C. verticillaris 

Scarlet C C. texensis 

Sweet Autumn C. . C. paniculata 
Travelers-joy ... C. vitalba 
Tube C. ... C. heracleaefolia 
Virgins-bower . . C. virginiana 
Western Virgins-bower 

C. ligusticifolia 

Winter C C. henryi 

Yamleaf C. . . . C. dioscoreifolia 

CLEOME 

spinosa (gigantea) Spiderflower 

The true C. gigantea of botanists is not 
in the trade. 

CLERODENDRON {CLERODEN- 

DRUM Ag) . . . Glorybower 

foetidum Rose G. 

thomsonae .... Thomson G. 
trichotomum . . Harlequin G. 
Hort. var. of Clerodendron: 

Sunshine Glorybower (C. thom- 
sonae delectum] Cy) 

CLETHRA Clethra 

acuminata Cinnamon C. 

alnifolia Summersweet 

barbinervis (canescens) 

Tree Clethra 
tomentosa .... Woolly C. 
Clethra Loosestrife 

Lysimachia clethroides 
Cleveland Shootingstar 

Dodecatheon clevelandi 
CLEYERA 

ochnacea (japonica) 
CLIANTHUS .... Parrotbeak 

puniceus Red P. 

Hort. var. of Clianthus: 

White Farrotbeak (puniceus albus) 
Cliff Cinquefoil, Cliff Date 
Palm, etc. See Cinquefoil, 
Palm, etc. 

Cliffbrake Pellaea 

Australian C. . . . P. falcata 

Green C P. viridis 

Purple C. ... P. atropurpurea 



CLIMBER— COCKSCOMB 



93 



Climber 

Cardinal C. Hort. var. of Quamo- 
clit. 
Climbing Fern, Climbing Fk;, etc. 

See Fern, Fig, etc. 
Clinton Woodfern 

Dryopteris clintoniana 

CLINTONIA Clintonia 

andrewsiana Red C. 

borealis Bluebead 

umbellulata . Speckled Clintonia 
uniflora Queencup 

CLITORIA .... Butterfly-pea 
mariana .... Porcelain B. 

CLIVIA Kafirlily 

miniata Scarlet K. 

Clockvine Thunbergia 

Bengal C T. grandiflora 

Black-eyed C T. alata 

Laurel C. . . . . T. laurifolia 

Scarlet C T. coccinea 

Sweet C T. fragrans 

Closed Gentian Gentiana andrewsi 

Cloth-of-gold Crocus 

Crocus susianus 

Cloudgrass . . . Agrostis nebulosa 

Cloven-lip Toadflax 

Linaria bipartita 

Clover Trifolium 

Alsike C T. hybridum 

Bushclover .... Lespedeza 
Crimson C. Trifolium incarnatum 

Mammoth C T. medium 

Prairieclover . Petalostemum 
Red C. . . . Trifolium pratense 
Strawberry C. . T. resupinatum 

SWEETCLOVER MclilotUS 

TiCKCLOVER .... Desmodium 

White C. . . . Trifolium repens 

Clovetree . . Eugenia aromatica 

Clubmoss Lycopodium 

Groundcedar . . L. complanatum 
Groundpine . . . L. obscurum 
RuNNiNGPiNE . . . L. clavatum 

Shining C L. lucidulum 

Clubmoss Retinospora (Chamae- 
cyparis obtusa lycopodioides-\ Cy) 
Clump Chrysanthemum, Clump 
Speedwell, etc. See Chrysan- 
themum, Speedwell, etc. 



Cluster Everlasting, Cluster 
Goldenrod, etc. . See Ever- 
lasting, GOLDENROD, etC. 
Cluster-amaryllis . . . Lycoris 

Hardy C L. squamigera 

CLYTOSTOMA Cy-Ag BIGNONIA 

CNEORUM .... Spurge-olive 

tricoccon .... Spurge-olive 

CNICUS .... Blessed Thistle 

benedictus (Carduus benedidus; 

Centaur ea henedicta) 

Blessed Thistle 
Coast Azalea, Coast Lily, etc. See 
Azalea, Lily, etc. 

COBAEA CoBAEA 

florealba 

Probably Whitebell Cobaea. 

macrostoma (C. lutea Ag) 

scandens .... Purplebell C. 
Hort. var. of Cobaea: 

Whitebell C. (scandens alba) 
Cobaea Pentstemon 

Pentstemon cobaea 
Cobblersthumb . Ariocarpus retusus 
Cocaine-tree . . Erythroxylon coca 
COCCINIA 

cordifolia (indica) , . Ivy-gourd 
COCCOLOBA 

uvifera Seagrape 

COCCOTHRINAX 

argentea (C. garberi Cy) 

Silver Palm 

radiata (Thrinax elegans) 
COCCULUS Snailseed 

The name of this genus under the 
American Rules is Epibaterium. 

carolinus (Cebatha Carolina; Epiba- 
terium carolinum Ag) 

Carolina Snailseed 

trilobus Japanese S. 

Cochineal Cactus 

Nopalea cochenillifera 
COCHLEARIA 

armoracia . . Radicula armoracia 
COCHLIODA 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

Cockscomb Celosia 

Common C C. cristata 

Feather C. . . .;^ . C. argentea 
HuTTON C. . .1 . . C. huttoni 



94 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Cockscomb-yam . Rajania pleioneura 
Cocks-eggs . Salpichroa rhomboidea 
Cocksfoot 

Australian C • • ■ Orch- 
ard Grass: Dactylis glomerata 

COCKSPUR HONEYLOCUST, COCKSPUR 

Thorn, etc. See Honeylocust, 

Thorn, etc. 
Coconut (Cocoanut) . Cocos nucifera 
Coco-plum . . Chrysobalanus icaco 

COCOS 

australis Pindo Palm 

bonneti Bonnet P. 

campestris Field P. 

datil Datil P. 

eriospatha Apricot P. 

flexuosa 

nucifera Coconut 

plumosa 

romanzoffiana 

schizophylla . . . Cutleaf Palm 

weddelliana .... Weddell P. 

CODIAEUM (PHYLLAUREA Ag) 
variegatum (Phyllaurea variegata 

Ag) Croton 

Hort. var. of Croton, Codiaeum: 

There are many horticultural varieties 
of Croton in the American trade. A few 
only, of representative sorts, are given 
in the following list. 

Adonis (superbum) 
Andre {andreanum) 
Banana (musaicuni) 
Bergman (bergmani) 
Cloudy (fuscatum) 
Cronstadt icronstadti) 
Edmont (edmontense) 
EvERS {eversianum) 
Leopard (maculatum) 
Nonesuch (inimitahile) 
Reid ireidi) 
Speckled (punctatum) 
Thomson (thomsoni) 
COELIA 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

COELOGLOSSUM . HABENARIA 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

COELOGYNE 

See ORCHID GENERA. 



COFFEA Coffee 

arabica Arabian C. 

liberica Liberian C. 

zanguebariae (zanzibarensis) 

Zanzibar C. 

Coffee See Coffea, above 

Coffeetree 

Kentucky C. Gymnocladus dioica 
Cohosh 

Blue C. Caulophyllum thalictroides 
Cohosh Bugbane 

Cimicifuga racemosa 
COIX Jobs-tears 

lacryma-jobi (lacryma) Jobs-tears 
Colchis Bladdernut, Colchis Ivy, 

etc. See Bladdernut, Ivy, etc. 
COLCHICUM . . Autumn-crocus 

autumnale .... Common A. 
COLEUS CoLEUS 

blumei Common C. 

— verschaffelti . Verschaffelt C. 

There are many horticultural varieties 
of this species. 

thyrsoideus .... Bush Coleus 
Coliseum Maple Acer cappadocicum 
Collards 

Kale: Brassica oleracea acephala 

COLLETIA 

cniciata Anchorplant 

Collin Rhubarb Rheum coUinianum 
COLLINSIA Collinsia 

bartsiaefolia (bartsiae) . Seaside C. 

bicolor .... Chinese-houses 

grandiflora Bluelips 

vema .... Blue-eyed-mary 
Hort. var. of Collinsia: 

Calico Collinsia {Collinsia bicolor 
multicolor] Cy) 
COLLINSONIA .... Horsebalm 

canadensis . . . Citronella H. 

COLLOMIA Ag GILIA 

COLOCASIA 

The name for this genus under the 
American Rules appears to be Leuco- 
casia. 

esculenta (C. antiquorum esculenta 
Cy; C. antiquorum; Caladium 
esculentum) 
Elephants-ear, Taro, Dasheen 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. JTAZic^synonyms or unapproved names. 



COLOCASIA— CONEFLOWER 



95 



COLOCASIA, continued 

neoguineensis (Schismatoglossis neo- 

gidneensis Ag) 

Spotted Caladium 
Hort. var. of Colocasia: 

Black Caladium (C. illustris; C. 

antiquorum illustris Cy) 
CoLocYNTH . . Citrullus colocynthis 
Colombian Crinum 

Crinum kunthianum 
Colorado Barberry, Colorado Col- 
umbine, etc. See Barberry, 

Columbine, etc. 

Coltsfoot Tussilago 

Common C T. farfara 

Columbia Arborvitae, Columbia 

Lily, etc. See Arborvitae, 

Lily, etc. 

Columbine Aquilegia 

Akita C A. akitensis 

Alpine C A. alpina 

Altai C A. glandulosa 

American C. . . A. canadensis 
California C. A. formosa truncata 
Colorado C. . . . A. caerulea 
Double European C. Hort. var. 

of A. vulgaris. 
Double Golden C. (A. chrij- 

santha albaplena'\ Cy) 

Early C A. oxysepala 

European C A. vulgaris 

Fan C A. flabellata 

Golden C A. chrysantha 

Haylodge C. . .A. haylodgensis 
Helen C. (A. caerulea helenae] Cy) 
Hybrid Colorado C. {A. c. hy- 

brida-\ Cy) 

Mexican C A. skinned 

MuNSTEAD White C. (A. vulgaris 

nivea'\ Cy) 
Olympic C. A. vulgaris olympica 
Redspur C. {A. chrysantha jaesch- 

kani^ Cy) 

Siberian C A. sibirica 

Sitka C A. formosa 

Stuart C A. stuarti 

Vervaene C. {A vulgaris vervae- 

neana] Cy) 
White Alpine C. (Aquilegia alvino 

alha^ Cy) 

Small CAPiTALS=approved common names. 



Columbine, continued 

White Colorado C. (Aquilegia 

caerulea alba-\ Cy) 
White Fan C. (A. flabellata nana- 
alba^ Cy) 
Columbine Me.adowrue 

Thalictrum aquilegifolium 
Column Maple, Column Savin, etc. 

See Maple, Savin, etc. 
Columnar Italian Cypress (Cupres- 

sus sempervirens sinctof Cy) 
COLUTEA .... Bladder-senna 
arbore scans .... Common' B. 

cilicica Cilician B. 

orientalis Oriental B. 

Comb Prickly-thrift, Comb Speed- 
well, etc. See Prickly-thrift, 
Speedwell, etc. 
Combleaf Candytuft, Combleaf 
English Oak, etc. See Candy- 
tuft, Oak, etc. 

CoMFREY Symphytum 

' Common C S. officinale 

Prickly C S. asperum 

COMMELINA . . . Dayflower 

coelestis Mexican D. 

nudiflora (sellowiana) Creeping D. 
Common Adderstongue, Common 
All AM and A, etc. See Adders- 
tongue, AUamanda, etc. 
Compassplant . Silphium laciniatum 

COMPSOA Ag . . . TRICYRTIS 

COMPTONIA .... Sweetfern 

asplenifolia (C. peregrina Ag; My- 

rica asplenifolia) . . Sweetfern 

CONANTHUS Ag NAMA 

Cone Fuchsia 

Fuchsia magellanica conica 

Coneflower Rudbeckia 

Black-eyed-susan . . . R. hirta 
Brown-eyed-susan . R. triloba 
California C. . . . R. calif ornica 
Clasping C. . . R. amplexicaulis 

CuTLEAF C R. laciniata 

Erfurt C. (R. bicolor superba'\ Cy) 

Great C R. maxima 

Hedgehog-coneflower Echinacea 
Orange C. . . Rudbeckia fulgida 
PiNEWooDS C R. bicolor 



Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (f) see page 1. 



96 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



CoNEFLOWER, Continued 

Showy C. . . Rudbeckia speciosa 
Sweet C. . . . R. subtomentosa 

CoNEHEAD Strobilanthes 

Bedding C. . . . • S. isophyllus 

Burma C S. dyerianus 

Zigzag C S. anisophyllus 

Confederate-jasmine 

Trachelospermum jasminoides 
Variegated C. {T. jasminoides 
variegatujn] Cy) 

Conical Chinese Juniper {Juni- 
perus chinensis neahoriensis] Ar) 

CONIOGRAMME 
japonica B.ajviboo Fern 

CONOCLINIUM . EUPATORIUM 

Conr.^dina Cherry 

Prunus conradinae 

CONVALLARIA Lily-of-the-valley 
majalis . . . Lily-of-the-valley 
polygonatum 

Probably Polygonatum ofBcinale. 

CONVOLVULUS . . Convolvulus 
althaeoides . Mediterranean C. 

aureus Golden C. 

japonicus {Calystegia puhescens) 

Rose C. 

major Ipomoea purpurea 

mauritanicus 

Morocco Convolvulus 

minor C. tricolor 

purpureus . . . Ipomoea purpurea 
sepium .... Hedge Bindweed 
splendens 

Possibly Argyreia splendens. 

tricolor {minor) 

Dwarf Convolvulus 

Coontie Zamia floridana 

St. Johns C Z. pumila 

Cooper Asparagus Asparagus cooperi 

COOPERIA Rainlily 

drummondi . . . Evening-star 
pedunculata . . Great Rainlily 
Cootamundra Wattle 

Acacia baileyana 
Copper Alternanthera, Copper 
Austrian Rose, etc. See Alter- 
nanthera, Rose, etc. 

CoppERLEAF Acalypha 

Banana C. {Acalypha wilkesiana 
7nusaica^ Cy) 



CoPPERLEAF, continued 

Chenille C. . . Acalypha hispida 

Crimsonedge C. {A. wilkesiana 
marginata^ Cy) 

Macafee C. {A. w. macajeana] Cy) 

Milton C. Hort. var. of Acalypha 

Painted C A. wilkesiana 

Triumph C. {A. wilkesiana tri- 
umphans] Cy)^ 
CoppERTip . . . ' . . ■ . Crocosmia 

Golden C C. aurea 

COPROSMA CopROSMA 

baueri {baueriana) . . . Coral C. 
Hort. var. of Ccprosma: 

Blotched C. (baueri variegaia) 
COPTIS Goldthread 

trifolia Goldthread 

Coral Ardisia, Coral Cactus, etc. 

See Ardisia, Cactus, etc. 
Coralbean . . . Erythrina arborea 

Western C. . . E. flabelliformis 
CoRALBELLs . . Hcuchcra sanguinea 

Grassleaf C. {H. sanguinea gra- 
cillima^ Cy) 

Snowdrop C. {H. s. olba\ Cy) 

For additional horticultural varieties see 
Heuchera. 

CoRALBERRY Symphoricarpos vulgaris 
Variegated C. (*S. vulgaris varie- 
gatusf) 

CoRALBLOW Russelia 

Honduras C R. juncea 

Hybrid C. (R. elegantissima^ Cy) 

Coralbush 

Melbourne C.Templetoniaretusa 

Coraldrops . . . Bessera elegans 

Coralline Erythrina coralloides 

Coralline Honeysuckle 

CoRALTEEE Lonicera chrysantha 

Erythiina; E. corallodendron 

CORCHORUS 

japonicus .... Kerria japonica 
CORDIA CoRDiA 

francisci 

nitida Glossy C. 

sebestena Geiger-tree 

CORDYLINE Dracena 

The common name Dracena applies also 
to the allied genus Dracaena. 

amabilis\ Cy . Am.\bilis Dracena 

See hort. var. Hst on page 97. 



CORD YLINE— CORN 



9: 



CORD YLINE, continued 

australis (Draceana australis) 

Green Dracena 
baptisti] Cy . . . . Baptiste D. 

See hort. var. list below. 

indivisa (D. indivisa) . . Blue D. 
terminalis (D. terminalis) 

Common D. 
youngi] Cy Youngs D. 

See hort. var. list below. 

Hort. var, of Cordyline: 

Amabilis Dracena (C amabilis] 

Cy; Draceana a7nahilis). Hort. 

var. of C. terminalis. 
Baptiste D.(C. ha-pHsli] Cy ; D. bap- 

tisti) Hort. var. of C. terminalis. 
Imperial D. (D. imperialis) Hort. 

var. of C. terminalis. 
Veitch D. (C. australis veiichi] Cy; 

D. veitchi) 
Youngs D. (C. youngi^ Cy; D. 

youngi) Hort. var. of C. ter- 
minalis. 
COREMA 

conradi . . . Broom-crowberry 
COREOPSIS Coreopsis 

The common name Coreopsis applies 
also to the allied genus Leptosyne. 

auriculata . . . Eared Coreopsis 

The name C. auriculata is commonly 
misapplied by gardeners to C. pubescens. 

basalts Ag . . . . C. drummondi 

bicolor C. tinctoria 

cardaminefolia 

coronata (C. nuecensis Ag; Calliop- 

sis coronata) . Crown Coreopsis 
delphinifolia .... Larkspur C. 
douglasi Ag . Leptosyne douglasi 
drummondi (C basalis Ag; CaUiop- 

sis drummondi) . Goldenwave 
floribunda 

grandiflora . . . Big Coreopsis 
lanceolata {Calliopsis lanceolata) 

Lance C. 
major (senifolia) . . Trefoil C. 
maritima Ag . Leptosyne maritima 
nuecensis Ag ... C. coronata 
palmata . . Finger Coreopsis 

pubescens Hairy C. 

radiata {Ccdliopsis radiata) Quill C. 

rosea Rose C. 

senifolia C. major 



COREOPSIS, continued 

stillmani Ag . Leptosyne stillmani 

tinctoria {bicolor; Calliopsis 7n(ir- 

morata, bicolor, tinctoria, and 

elegans) Calliopsis 

verticillata Threadleaf Coreopsis 
Hort. var. of Coreopsis: 

Purple Calliopsis (C. tinctoria 
atropurpurea\ Cy; Calliopsis ni- 
gra) 
Coreopsis Coreopsis; Leptosyne 
Big C. . . Coreopsis grandiflora 
Calliopsis . . Coreopsis tinctoria 
Crown Coreopsis . . C. coronata 
Douglas C. . Leptosyne douglasi 
Eared C. . . Coreopsis auriculata 
Finger C C. palmata 



Goldenwave 
Hairy C. . . 
Lance C. . . 
Larkspur C. 



C. drummondi 
. C. pubescens 
. C. lanceolata 
C. delphinifolia 



^Purple Calliopsis (Coreopsis tinc- 
toria atropurpurea\ Cy) 
Quill Coreopsis . . C. radiata 

Rose C C. rosea 

Sea C. . . . Leptosyne maritima 
Stillman C. ... L. stillmani 
Threadleaf C. 

Coreopsis verticillata 

Trefoil C C. major 

Coriander . . Coriandrum sativum 

CORIANDRUM .... Coriander 
sativum Coriander 

CORIARIA CoRiARiA 

japonica Japanese C. 

myrtifolia Myrtle C. 

terminalis Sikkim C. 

Cork Fir, Cork Oak, etc. See Fir, 
Oak, etc. 

CoRKBARK Elm ( Ulmus foliacea sub- 
erosaf Cy) 

Corktree .... Phellodendron 

Amur C P. amurense 

Chinese C P. chiaensis 

Sakhalin C. . . P. sachalinense 

Corn 

Broomcorn. Hort. var. of Holciis 
sorghum . 

Indian C Zea mays 

Squirrelcorn Dicentra canadensis 

Corn Poppy . . . Papaver rhoeas 



98 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Cornelian-cherry . . Comus mas 

Japanese C C. officinalis 

Variegated C. (C. mas aureo-ele- 
gantissima] Cy) 
Cornflower . . Centaurea cyanus 
Cornish Elm, Cornish Heath, etc. 

See Elm, Heath, etc. 
Corn-marigold 

Chrysanthemum segetum 
Cornsalad . . Valerianella olitoria 
Cornucopia Floripondio, Cornu- 
copia Nasturtium, etc. See 
Floripondio, Nasturtium, etc. 

CORNUS Dogwood 

alba Tatarian D. 

See also hort. var. list opposite. 

altemifolia Pagoda D. 

amomum (sericea) . . Silky D. 
arnoldiana] Cy . . . Arnold D. 

See hort. var. list opposite. 

asperifolia . . . Roughleaf D. 

baileyi Bailey D. 

brachypoda {macro phylln Ar-Ag) 
canadensis {Chamae'peridymenum 
canadensis) . . . Bunchberry 
candidissima . . . C. paniculata 
capitata . . Evergreen Dogwood 

circinata C. rugosa 

controversa . . Giant Dogwood 

See also hort. var. list opposite. 
elegantissima 

Variegated Cornelian-cherry 

Hort. var. of C. mas. 

florida . . Flowering Dogwood 

See also hort. var. list opposite. 

gouchaulli .... Gouchault D. 

Hort. var. of C. alba. 

kousa KousA D. 

macrophylla Ar-Ao; . C. brachypoda 
mas (mascula) Cornelian-cherry 

See also hort. var. list opposite. 

nuttalli . . . Pacific Dogwood 
obliqua {purpusi) . . . Pale D. 
officinalis 

Japanese Cornelian-cherry 

paniculata (candidissima; C. race- 

mosa Cy-Ag-Ar) Gray Dogwood 

paucinervis . . . Littleleaf D. 

racemosa Cy-Ag-Ar . C. paniculata 

BOLD-face=approved scientific names. 



CORNUS, continued 

rugosa {circinata) 

Roundleaf Dogwood 
sanguinea .... Bloodtwig D. 

See also hort. var. list below. 

sericea C. amomum 

sibirica .... Coral Dogwood 

Hort. var. of C. alba. 

spaethi Spaeth D. 

Hort. var. of C. alba. 

stolonifera .... Red-osier D. 
— coloradensis . . . Colorado D. 

See also hort. var. list below. 

Hort. var. of Comus: 

Arnold Dogwood (C. arnoldiana] 

Cy ; obliqua X panictdata) 
Coral D. (C. alba sibirica] Cy) 
Doutbleflowering D. (florida 

plena) 
Goldentwig D. (C. stolonifera fla- 

viramea] Cy; C. s. aurea; C. s. 

lutea) 
Gouchault D. (Comus alba gou- 
chaulli] Cy) 
Greentwig D. (C. sanguinea viri- 

dissima] Cy) 
Piebald D. (C. s. variegata] Cy) 
Redflowering D. (C. florida ru- 
bra] Cy) 
Silverblotch D. (alba argenteo- 

variegata; a. elegantissima; a. 

elegaiitissima variegata) 
Silveredge D. (C. alba argenteo- 

marginata] Cy) 
SiLVERMARGiN D. (C . coutroversa 

variegata] Cy) 
Spaeth D. (alba spaethi) 
Variegated Cornelian-cherry 

(C. mas aureo-elegantissima] Cy) 
Weeping D. (Comus florida pen- 

dula] Cy) 
Coronet Sunburst 

Actinolepis coronaria 

CORONILLA CoRONiLLA 

emerus .... Scorpion-senna 
glauca . . . Honey Coronilla 
varia Crownvetch 

Hort. var. of Coronilla: 

Variegated Coronilla (glauca va- 
riegata) 



/T'.4Zic=synonyms or unapproved names. 



CORSICAN— COTONEASTER 



99 



CoRSiCAN Heath, Corsican Pine, 
etc. See Heath, Pine, etc. 

CORTADERIA . . . Pampasgrass 
argentea (Gynerium argenteum) 

Common P. 
quila (jubata; G. juhatum) 

CORYDALIS CoRYDALis 

The name of this genus under the 
American Rules is Capnoides. 

cheilanthifolia Chinese Corydalis 

lutea Yellow C. 

nobilis (Capnoides nobilis Ag) 

Siberian C. 

CORYLOPSIS . . . Winterhazel 

gotoana Goto W. 

pauciflora .... Buttercup W. 

spicata Spike W. 

veitchiana Veitch W. 

willmottiae . . . Willmott W. 

CORYLUS . Hazelnut, Filbert 
americana . American Hazelnut 
atropurpurea . Purple Filbert 

Hort. var. of C. avellana. 

avellana Filbert 

— maxima C. maxima 

chinensis . . Chinese Hazelnut 

colurna Tree H. 

maxima .... Giant Filbert 
pendula Weeping F. 

Hort. var. of C. avellana. 

rostrata . . . Beaked Hazelnut 

For varieties of Filbert grown for their 
nuts see American Pomological Society's 
List of Fruits and Nuts, in Appendix. 

Ornamental hort. var. of Corylus: 
Golden Filbert (Corylus avellana 

aurea] Cy) 
Purple F. (C avellana atropur- 

purea\ Cy) 
Purple Giant F. (C. maxima pur- 

purea\ Cy) 
Weeping F. (Corylus avellana pen- 

dula'\ Cy) 

CORYNOCARPUS 

laevigata 

CORYPHA 

australis . . . Livistona australis 

COSMIDIUM . THELESPERMA 

Small CAPixALS^approved common names. 



COSMOS Cosmos 

bipimiatus .... Common C. 

diversif olius (Bidens atrosanguineo ; 

B. dahlioides) . Black Cosmos 

sulphureus .... Yellow C. 

Costa Rican Guava, Costa Rican 

Nightshade, etc. See Guava, 

Nightshade, etc. 

Costmary Chrysanthemum balsamita 

COTINUS Cy-Ag RHUS 

COTONEASTER . . Cotoneastj:r 
acuminata 

acutifolia Peking C. 

— villosula 

adpressa Creeping C. 

ambigua 

amoena 

angustifolia Pyracantha angustifolia 

apiculata 

bullata 

— macrophylla 

Bigleaf Cotoneaster 

See also hort. var. list on page 100. 

buxifolia 

The plant heretofore cultivated under 
this name is Box Cotonr^aster, hort. 
var. of C. rotundifolia, not the true C. 
buxifolia of botanists. 

crenulata . Pyracantha crenulata 

dammeri 

davidiana .... C. horizontalis 

dielsiana . . Diels Cotoneaster 

— elegans 

divaricata Spreading C. 

foveolata 

francheti FranchetC. 

frigida Himalayan C. 

horizontalis (davidiana) . Rock C. 
— perpusilla 

hupehensis Hupeh C. 

integerrima .... European C. 
lucida (sinensis) 

microphylla Rockspray 

— glacialis 

— thymifolia Thyme R. 

moupinensis Mupin Cotoneaster 

multiflora 

— calocarpa 

nitens 

■nummularia ... C. racemiflora 

Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (t) see page 1 . 



100 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



COTONEASTER, continued 

pannosa Silverleaf Cotone aster 

pyrenaica Pyrenees C. 

racemiflora (nummularia) 

— orbicularis 

— soongarica 

rotundifolia ... Round leaf C. 

See also hort. var. list below. 

salicifolia .... Willowleaf C. 

simonsi Simons C. 

sinensis C. lucida 

thymifolia C. microphylla thymifolia 

wheeleri 

This name has been used erroneously for 
C. racemiflora orbicularis and for Box 
Cotoneaster, hort. var. of C. rotundi- 
folia. 

wilsoai . . Wilson Cotoneaster 
zabeli 

Hort. var. of Cotoneaster: 

Box C. (C. rotundifolia lanata-\ Cy) 
ViLMORiN C. {Cotoneaster bullata 
florihunda\ Cy) 

Cotoneaster .... Cotoneaster 
BiGLEAF C. C. bullata macrophylla 

Creeping C C. adpressa 

DiELS C C. dielsiana 

European C. . . C. integerrima 

Franchet C C. francheti 

HiMALAY.\N C C. frigida 

Hupeh C C. hupehenris 

MupiN C C. moupinensis 

Peking C C. acutifolia 

Pyrenees C C. pyrenaica 

Rock C C. horizontal is 

RocKSPRAY . . . . C. microphylla 
Round leaf C. . . C. rotundifolia 

Silverleaf C C. pannosa 

Simons C C. simonsi 

Spreading C. . . . C. divaricata 
Thyme Rockspray 

C. microphylla thymifolia 
Willowleaf C. . . . C. salicifolia 
Wilson C C. wilsoni 

Cotton 

Laventjer-cotton 

Santolina; S. chamaecyparissus 
Sea-islant) C. 

Gossypium barbadense 
Upland C G. hirsutum 

Cotton Rosemallow 

Hibiscus mutabilis 



I Cottonthistle .... Onopordon 

Taurus C O. tauricum 

I CoTTONWEED . . Diotis caudidissima 
i Cottonwood 

Carolina C. . Populus angulata 

Fremont C P. fremonti 

Narrowleaf C. . P. angustifolia 
Northern C. . . .P. monilifera 

Sargent C P. sargenti 

Smoothbaek C. . . p. acuminata 

Southern C P. deltoides 

COTYLEDON .... Cotyledon 

agavoides . . . Urbinia agavoides 

secunda . . . Echeveria secunda 

umbilicus ( Umbilicus pendulinus) 

Navel WORT 

Coulter Canyon-poppy, Coulter 

Pine, etc. See Canyon-poppy, 

Pine, etc. 

CouRBARiL . . Hymenaea courbaril 

Coventry-bells 

Campanula trachelium 
CoviLLE LiPFERN Cheilauthes covillei 
Cow Soap WORT, Cow Vetch, etc. 

See SoAPWORT, Vetch, etc. 
CowAGE . . Stizolobium pruriens 
Cowberry Vaccinium vitisidaea 

Cow-PARSNip Heracleum 

Bigleaf C. . H. mantegazzianum 
Caucasian C. . . . H. villosum 

Common C H. lanatum 

CowPEA Vigna 

Asparagus-bean V. sesquipedalis 
Catjang-pea .... V. catjang 
Common Cowpea . . V. sinensis 
Cowslip 

In the United States the name Cowslip 
is often misapplied to the Marshmari- 
gold, Caltha palustris. Its historical 
apphcation is to the Cowshp Primrose, 
Primula veris. 

Cape-cowslip .... Lachenalia 
Virginia Cowslip .... Virginia 
Bluebells : Mertensia virginica 
Cowslip Lungwort, Cowslip Prim- 
rose, etc. See Lungwort, Prim- 
rose, etc. 
Crab Malus 

For varieties cultivated for their fruit 
see Crab in American Pomological 
Society's List of Fruits, in Appendix. 

Arnold C. {Malus arnoldiana-\ At) 
Bechtel C. {M. ioensis plenai Ar) 



CRAB— CRASSULA 



101 



Crab, continued 

Carmine Crab (Malus otrosan- 

guinea] Ar) 
Cherry C. {M. rohustai Ar) 
Chinese Apple M. prunifolia rinki 
Chinese Flowering C. 

M. spectabilis 
CuTLEAF C. . . . M. toringoides 
Dawson C. . . . M. dawsoniana 
Double Chinese C. Hort. var. 

of M. spectabilis. 
Double Pink Chinese C. Hort. 

var. of M. spectabilis. 
Double White Chinese C. Hort. 

var. of M. spectabilis. 
Dunbar C. . . . M. glaucescens 
Florentine C. .. M. florentina 

Halls C M. halliana 

Jack C M. baccata jacki 

Japanese Flowering C. 

M. floribunda 
Manchurian C. 

M. baccata mandshurica 
Midget C. . . . M. micromalus 

Oregon C M. fusca 

Parkman C. (M. halliana park- 

mani] Ar) 
Pearleaf C. . . . M. prunifolia 

Prairie C M. ioensis 

Purple C. {M. purpjiren] Ar) 
Red vein C. . M. niedzwetzkyana 
Rivers Chinese C. {M. spectabilis 

riversi] Ar) 

Sargent C M. sargenti 

Scheidecker C. . M. scheideckeri 

Siberian C M. baccata 

SouLARD C M. soulardi 

Southern C. . . M. angustifolia 

Tea C. M. theifera 

Tibetan C. . . . M. transitoria 

ToRiNGo C M. sieboldi 

Wild Sweet C. . . M. coronaria 
Yellow Autumn C. (.1/. sublo- 

6a tot Ar) 
ZuMi C M. zumi 

Crab Cactus Zygocactus 

Cradle-orchid Anguloa 

Clowes C A. clowesi 

Ivory C A. c. eburnea 

Rucker C A. rucked 



CRAMBE Seakale 

cordifolia 

maritima Common S. 

Cranberry Vaccinium macrocarpon 

For cultivated varieties of Cranberry 
see American Pomolosical Society's 
List of Fruits, in Appendix. 

Highbush C. . . Cranberrybush 
Mountain C. . V. vitisidaea minor 
Small C V. oxycoccos 

CRANBERR-i-BUSH 

American C. 

Viburnum americanum 
Dwarf C. (V. opulus nanum] Cy) 

European C V. opulus 

Sargent C V. sargenti 

Yellowfruit C. ( V. opulus xan- 
ihocarpum] Cy) 
Cranberry-gourd Abobra tenuifolia 

Cranesbill Geranium 

Armenian C. . . . G. armenum 

Bloodred C. . . G. sanguineum 

' Herb Robert . . G. robertianum 

Iberian C G. ibericum 

Lilac C G. grandiflorum 

Meadow C G. pratense 

Rocky Mountain C. G. fremonti 

Upland C G. collinum 

White Iberian C. {G. ibericum 

album] Cy) 
White Meadow C. {G. pratense al- 
bum] Cy) 
White Wild Geranium {G. mac- 

ulatum album] Cy) 
Wild Geranium . G. maculatum 

CRANIOLARIA 

annua {Martynia craniolaria) 

Crape-jasmine Sugar-root 

Tabemaemontana coronaria 

Carthage C. . . T. grandiflora 

Crapemyrtle . . . Lagerstroemia 

Common C L. indica 

Pink C. Hort. var. of L. indica. 
Purple C. Hort. var. of L. indica 

Queen C L. speciosa 

White C. Hort. var. of L. indica 

C R ASSOC EPH ALU M X^ 

GYNURA 
CRASSULA 

coccinea .... Rochea coccinea 



102 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



CRATAEGUS Hawthorn 

apiifolia Parsley H. 

apposita Delaware H. 

— bisselli • Bissell H. 

aprica 

arkansana Arkansas H. 

amoldiana Arnold H. 

barryana Barry H. 

bisselli ... C. apposita bisselli 
boyntoni . Boynton Hawthorn 

buckleyi Buckley H. 

carrierei Carriere H. 

cerronis Cerro H. 

coccinea (C. intricata Cy) 

Thicket H. 

The name Crataegus coccinea has been 
applied by different botanists to several 
different species of Hawthorn. It is here 
used for the species described in Bailey's 
Cyclopedia as C. intricata. 

coccinioides 

coloradensis 

Colorado . . . Coral Hawthorn 

cordata (C. phaenopyrum Cy-Ag) 

Washington H. 
crenulata . Pyracantha crenulata 
crusgalli . . . Cockspur Thorn 
cuneata . . . Nippon Hawthorn 

cuprea Bronzy H. 

dawsoniana Dawson H. 

delosi Bunch H. 

douglasi Black H. 

durobrivensis . . Christmas H. 
ellwangeriana . . Ellw anger H. 

fecunda Missouri H. 

foetida Russet H. 

fructuosa . . West Chester H. 

fniticosa 

glandulosa . . . C. rotundifolia 

infera . . October Hawthorn 

intricata Cy . . . . C. coccinea 

lalandi . . . Laland Firethorn 

Hort. var. of Pyracantha coccinea. 

lauta . . . Franklin Hawthorn 
macracantha .... Spike H. 

modesta Baby H. 

mollis Downy H. 

monogyna . English H. (one-stone) 

The common name English Hawthorn 
applies also to C. oxyacantha. 
See also hort. var. list opposite. 



Persian Hawthorn 



CRATAEGUS, continued 

monogyna pauli 

Paul English Hawthorn 

Hort. var. of C. oxyacantha. 

multiflora Inkberry H. 

nemoralis Wood H. 

nigra . . . European Black H. 

nitida Glossy H. 

orientalis Silver H. 

oxyacantha . . English H. (two- 
stone) 

The common name English Hawthorn 
applies also to C. monogyna. 
See also hort. var. list below. 

pedicellata 

peregrina . 

persistens 

phaenopyrum Cy-Ag . . C. cordata 

pinnatifida . Chinese Hawthorn 

— major Peking H. 

pruinosa Frosted H. 

prunifolia .... Plumleaf H. 

punctata Dotted H. 

pyracantha . Pyracantha coccinea 
rivnlaris . . River Hawthorn 
rotundifolia (glandulosa) 

Roundleaf H. 

smithi Smith H. 

submoUis Quebec H. 

succulenta Fleshy H. 

tomentosa Pear H. 

triflora .... Threeflower H. 
uniflora .... One-flower H. 
Hort. var. of Crataegus: 

Double English Hawthorn (C 

monogyna alhoplena\ Cy) 
Double Red H. (C monogyna ru- 

broplena^ Cy) 
Golden English H. (C. oxyacantha 

aurea\ Cy) 
Paul Double Scarlet H. {oxya- 
cantha splendens) 
Paul English H. (C. oxyacantha 

pauli^ Cy; monogyna pauli) 
Pink Weeping H. (C. monogyna 

roseopendida] Cy) 
Pyramid H. (C. m. stricta^ Cy) 
Redrim H, (Crataegus oxyacantha 

hicolor\ Cy) 
Rose H, (C monogyna rosea] Cy) 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. 7r/lZic=synonyms or unapproved names. 



CRATAEGUS— CRIPPS 



103 



CRATAEGUS (Hort. var.), continued 

Single Pink Hawthorn (C. mon- 

ogyna -punicea^ Cy) 
Weeping English H. (C. m. yen- 
dulat Cy) 
Cream Clematis, Cream Honey- 
suckle, etc. See Clematis, 
Honeysuckle, etc. 
Creamcups Platystemon califomicus 
Creek Gum . . Eucalyptus rostrata 
Creeper 

Bluebell-creeper . . . Sollya 

Engelmann C Ampe- 

lopsis quinquefolia engelmanni 
Geranium C. Hort. var. of A. tri- 

cuspidata. 
Japanese C. . . A. tricuspidata 
Malu-creeper . Bauhinia vahli 
Purple C. Hort. var. of Ampe- 

lopsis tricuspidata. 
Rangoon-creeper 

Quisqualis indica 

SiLVERVEIN C. 

Ampelopsis henryana 
St. Paul C. 

A. quinquefolia saintpauli 

Thicket C A. vitacea 

Thomson C A. thomsoni 

Trumpetcreeper . . . Bignonia 
Virginia C. 

Ampelopsis quinquefolia 
Wall C. A. quinquefolia murorum 
WiNTERCREEPER Euonjmius specles 
Creeping Bluets, Creeping But- 
tercup, etc. See Bluets, But- 
tercup, etc. 
Creepingdevil Cactus 

Machaerocereus eruca 
CRESCENTIA . . Calabash-tree 

cujete Calabash-tree 

Cress 

Bittercress .... Cardamine 
Garden C. . . Lepidium sativum 
RocKCRESs ....... Arabis 

W^allcress A. alpina 

Watercress 

Radicula nasturtium-aquaticum 

WiNTERCRESs Barbaiea 

Crested Agave, Crested Iris, etc. 
See Agave, Iris, etc. 

Small CAPiTALS=approved common names. 



Cretan Bearstail, Cretan Brake, 
etc. See Bearstail, Brake, etc. 
Cretan-mullein . . Celsia cretica 
Crevice Saxifrage 

Saxifraga squarrosa 
Cricketbat Willow 

Salix alba caerulea 
Crimean Iris, Crimean Linden, etc. 

See Iris, Linden, etc. 
Crimped Norway Maple (Acer 

platanoides cucullatum\ Cy) 
Crimson Clover, Crimson Star- 
glory, etc. See Clover, Star- 
glory, etc. 
Crimsoncup Ixia . . Ixia speciosa 
Crimson-eye Rosemallow 

Hibiscus oculiroseus 

Crimson-flag Schizostylis 

Basuto C S. coccinea 

Crinkled Passionflower 

Passiflora gracilis 
Crinkleroot . . Dentaria diphylla 

GRINUM Crinum 

amabile Sumatra C. 

americanum .... Florida C. 

asiaticum Poisonbulb 

capense C. longifolium 

fimbriatulimi . . Milk-and-wine 
giganteum . . Fragrant Crinum 
hybridum 

An erroneous name sometimes applied 
by gardeners to forms of C. asiaticum. 

kirki Kirk Crinum 

kunthianum . . . Colombian C. 

C. kunthianum of gardens is the hybrid 
Herbert. 

longifolium (capense) Hardy Crinum 

See also hort. var. list below. 

moorei Longneck C. 

powelli Powell C. 

Hort. var. of Crinum: 

Empress of India 

Herbert (herberti) 

J. C. Harvey 

Virginia (virginicum) 

W. C. Steele 

White Hardy (C. longifolium al- 
6wwt Cy) 
Cripps Cypress (Cupressus macro- 
carpa crippsi] Cy) 



Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (f) see page 1. 



1C4 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Crocos Tritonia 

Tritonia crocosmaeflora 

CROCOSMIA CoppERTip 

aurea Golden C. 

CROCUS Crocus 

biflorus Scotch C. 

imperati Early C. 

susianus . . Cloth-of-gold C. 

vernus Common C. 

Crocus Crocus 

Autumn-crocus . . . Colchicum 
Cloth-of-gold C. Crocus susianus 

Common C C. vernus 

Early C C. imperati 

Scotch C C. biflorus 

Crookneck Squash 
Summer Crookneck S. 

Cucurbita pepo condensa 
Cross 

Maltese C. Lychnis chalcedonica 

White Maltese C. Hort. var. of 

L. chalcedonica. 

Cross Gentian . Gentiana cruciata 

Crossleaf Heath . . Erica tetralix 

Crossvine . . Bignonia capreolata 

Crosswort Crucianella 

Common C C. stylosa 

CROTON 

The plants known to horticulturists as 
Croton belong not to the genus Croton 
of botanists but to the genus Codiaeum, 
which see for a few of the many horti- 
cultural varieties. 

Croton . . . Codiaeum variegatum 
Crow Barberry 

Berberis empetrifolia 

Crowberry . Empetrum; E. nigrum 

Broom-crow^erry Corema conradi 

Crowe Maidenhair (Adiantum cime- 

atum croweanum\ Cy) 
Crown Campion, Crown Coreopsis, 
etc. See Campion, Coreopsis, etc. 
Crowndaisy 

Chrysanthemum coronarium 
Crown-imperial Fritillaria imperialis 
Crownvetch . . . Coronilla varia 
Crowpoison 

Zygadenus muscaetoxicus 

CRUCIANELLA .... Crosswort 
stylosa Common C. 



Cruckshanks Lupine 

Lupinus mutabilis cruckshanksi 

CRYPTOCARYA 
woodi 

CRYPTO GRAMMA . Rockbrake 

acrostichoides . . . American R. 

stelleri (Pellaea gracilis) 

Slender R. 
CRYPTOMERIA . . Cryptomeria 

japonica Common C. 

lobbi LoBB C. 

Hort. var. of C. japonica. 

Hort. var. of Cryptomeria: 

Cave C. (C . japonica com/pacia] Cy) 
LoBB C. (C. j. lobbit Cy) 
Plume C. {C.j. elegans-\ Cy) 
Prickly C. (japonica pungens) 
Slender C. (japonica elegans grac- 
ilis) 

CRYPTOSTEGIA . . Rubbervine 

grandiflora Palay R. 

madagascariensis Madagascar R. 
Crystal Anthurium 

Anthurium crystallinum 
Crystal-tea . . . Ledum palustre 
Cubeseed Iris . . Iris prismatica 
Cuckooflower Cardamine pratensis 
Cucumber . . Cucumis; C. sativus 
Mock-cucumber 

Echinocystis ; E. lobata 
Squirting-cucumber 

Ecballium ; E. elaterium 
West Indian Gherkin 

Cucumis anguria 
Cucumber Sunflower 

Helianthus debilis 

Cucumber-root . Medeola virginica 

Cucumbertree Magnolia acuminata 

Yellow C M. cordata 

CUCUMIS . . Cucumber, Melon 
acutangulus . . Lufifa acutangula 
anguria (gross ularia efor tnis ) 

West Indian Gherkin 
dipsaceus (erinaceus) Teaselgourd 
flexuosus . . . C. melo flexuosus 
melo Musk- 
melon, Melon, Cantaloupe 
— dudaim (odoratissimiis) 

Dudaim Melon 



CUCUMIS— CUPRESSUS 



105 



CUCUMIS, continued 

melo flexuosus . . Snake Melon 
perennis . . Cucurbita foetidissima 
sativus Cucumber 

CUCURBITA 

Gourd, Squash, Pumpkin 
foetidissima (Cucumis perennis) 

Buffalo Gourd 

maxima Squash 

moschata Cushaw 

ovifera Gourd 

pepo Pumpkin 

— condensa 

Summer Crookneck Squash 
Cudweed Everlasting, Cudweed 
Wormwood, etc. See Ever- 
lasting, Wormwood, etc. 
Culvers-physic . Veronica virginica 
Cumin .... Cuminum cyminum 

CUMINUM 
cyminum Cumin 

CUNILA 
mariana (C origanoides Ag) 

Stonemint 
Cunningham Bottlebrush, Cun- 
ningham Fig, etc. See Bottle- 
brush, Fig, etc. 

CUNNINGHAMIA . . China-fir 
lanceolata (sinensis; Belislanceolata 

Ag) Chinese-fir 

Cup Rosinweed 

Silphium perfoliatum 
Cup-and-saucer Bellflower (Cam- 
panula medium calycanthemaf 
Cy) 

CuPFERN Dennstedtia 

Common C D. cicutaria 

Glossy C. ... D. adiantoides 

Hay-scented Fern D. punctilobula 

CuPFLOWER .... Nierembergia 

Slender C N. gracilis 

Tall C N. frutescens 

Whitecup .... N. rivularis 

CUPHEA CuPHEA 

Some authors maintain that the name 
for this genus under the American Rules 
should be Parsonsia. 

compacta . . . Bunch Cuphea 

Hort. var. of C. miniata. 

cyanea (strigulosa) . . Violet C. 



CUPHEA, continued 

eminens . . . Cuphea micropetala 
hookeriana (roezli) flooKER Cuphea 

hyssopifolia Hyssop C. 

ignea (platycentra ; purpurea) 

Fiery C. 
jorullensis (tricolor) . Beetle-sage 
llavea 

Red-white-and-blue-flower 
micropetala (eminens) 
miniata . . . Cinnabar Cuphea 

Hort. var. of Cuphea: 

Bunch Cuphea (C. miniata com- 
pacta] Cy) 

Cupids-dart .... Catananche 
BicoLOR C. (C. caerulea hicolor] Cy) 

Blue C C. caerulea 

White C. (C. c. alha] Cy) 

CUPLEAF PeNTSTEMON 

Pentstemon murrayanus 

CUPRESSUS Cypress 

^ arizonica Arizona C. 

benthami (excelsa) . Bentham C. 

— lindleyi Lindley C. 

elegans Knight C. 

Hort. var. of C. benthami. 

excelsa C. benthami 

funebris Mourning Cypress 

glabra Smooth C. 

glauca 

A name sometimes applied erroneously 
to C. lusitanica or to the Blue Gowen 
Cypress, hort. var. of C. goveniana. 

goveniana . . . Gowen Cypress 
guadalupensis . . Guadalupe C. 
horizontalis Spreading Italian C. 

Hort. var. of C. sempervirens. 

knightiana Knight C. 

Hort. var. of C. benthami. 

lambertiana ... C. macrocarpa 
lawsoniana 

Chamaecyparis lawsoniana 
lusitanica . Portuguese Cypress 
macnabiana .... Macnab C. 
macrocarpa (lambertiana; C. macro- 
carpa lambertiana Cy) 

Monterey Cypress 
majestica Lofty C. 

Hort. var. of C. torulosa. 
nutkaensis 

Chamaecyparis nootkatensis 



106 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



CUPRESSUS, continued 
pyramidalis 

Columnar Italian Cypress 

Hort. var. of C. senipervirens. 

sempervirens .... Italian C. 

See also hort. var. list below. 

torulosa Bhutan C. 

Hort. var. of Cupressus: 

Blue Gotven Cypress (C. goven- 
iana glauca\ Cy) 

Blue Guadalupe C. (guadalupen- 
sis glauca) 

Columnar Italian C. (C. semper- 
virens stricta\ Cy; fastigiata; 
pyramidalis) 

Cripps C. (Cupressus macrocarpa 
crippsi] Cy) 

Globe-cone Italian C. (C sem- 
pervirens indica] Cy) 

Knight C. (C henthami knighliana] 
Cy; knightiafia; elegans) 

Lofty C. (Cupressus torulosa ma- 
jestica] Cy; majestica) 

Spreading Italian C. (C. semper- 
virens horizontalis\ Cy; horizon- 
talis) 

Yellow Macnab C. (macnahiana 
sulphur ea) 

Yellow Monterey C. (C. macro- 
carpa lutea'\ Cy) 
CURCUMA 

petiolata 
Curly Begonia, Curly Bugle, etc. 
See Begonia, Bugle, etc. 

CURLYLEAF GoLDENCHAIN (Lobur- 

num vulgare hullatuinf) 
Currant Ribes 

See also Gooseberry. 
For varieties of Currant cultivated for 
their fruit see American Pomological 
Society's List of Fruits, in Appendix. 

American Black C. 

Ribes americanum 
Asiatic Mountain C. . R. tenue 
Chinese Winterberry C. 

R. fasciculatum chinense 
Common Red C. . . . R. vulgare 
European Black C. . R. nigrum 

Golden C R. odoratum 

Gordon C. (R. gordonianum] Cy) 
Mountain C R. alpinum 



Currant, continued 

Ruby Winter C. (Ribes sangui- 

neum atroruhens] CjO 
Skunk C. . . Ribes glandulosum 
Slender Golden C. . R. aureum 

Wax C R. cereum 

Winter C. . . . R. sanguineum 
Winterberry C. R. fasciculatum 
Yellom'berry C. (R. aureum chry- 
sococcum\ Cy) 
Currant Tomato 

Lycopersicum pimpinellifolium 
Curtis Aster .... Aster curtisi 
Curveleaf Yucca Yucca recurvif olia 
CusHAw . . . Cucurbita moschata 
Cushion Gypsophila, Cushion 
Spurge, etc. See Gypsophila, 
Spurge, etc. 
CusicK Camas . Camassia cusicki 
Custard- apple . Annona reticulata 
Hardshell C. . . A. scleroderma 
Cut Tooth wort . Dentaria laciniata 
Cutleaf Alder, Cutleaf Black- 
berry, etc. See Alder, Black- 
berry, etc. 

CYATHEA Treefer-n 

meduUaris Sago Fern 

CYBOTIUM .... CIBOTIUM 

CYCAS 

revoluta Sago Cycas 

CYCLAMEN Cyclamen 

europeum .... European C. 

hederaefolium 

A name used erroneously for C. persi- 
cum and C. neapolitanum. 

neapolitanum 

Neapolitan Cyclamen 
persicum (latifolium; hederaefol- 
ium; C. indicum Ag) 

Persian Cyclamen 

repandum Spring C. 

Hort. var. of Cyclamen: 

Common C. (C. persicum gigan- 
teum\ Cy) 
CYCLOBOTHRA CALOCHORTUS 

CYCLOPHORUS . . . Feltfern 
lingua (Niphobolus lingua) 

Japanese F. 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. /TAhc^synonyms or imapproved names. 



CYCLOPHORUS— CYPRESS 



107 



Hort. var. of Cyclophorus lingua: 
Crested Feltfern (Cyclophorus 
lingua corymhifera] Cy) 
Cyclops Acacia . . Acacia cyclops 

CYCNOCHES .... Swan-orchid 
See ORCHID GENERA. 

CYDONIA Quince 

japonica (Chaenomeles lagenaria Cy- 
Ag-Ar) . . Flowering Quince 
maulei (Chaenomeles japonica Cy- 
Ag-Ar; Chaenomeles maulei) 

Lesser Flowering Quince 
oblonga (vulgaris) . Common Q. 

For varieties of the Common Quince cul- 
tivated for their fruit see Quince in 
American Pomological Society's List of 
Fruits, in Appendix. 

sinensis (Chaenomeles sinensis Cy- 
Ag-Ar) . . . Chinese Quince 
Ornamental hort. var. of Cydonia: 

Baltz Flowering Quince (japon- 
ica haltzi) 

Double Pinkflowering Q. (japon- 
ica rosea plena) 

Double Scarletflowering Q. (ja- 
ponica sanguinea plena) 

Great Crimsonflowering Q. (ja- 
ponica rubra grandiflora) 

Navel Flowering Q. (japonica 
umhilicata) 

Pearl Flowering Q. (japonica 
grandiflora) 

PiNKSTRiPE Flowering Q. (japon- 
ica moerloosei) 

Ruby Flowering Q. {maulei su- 
perba) 

Whiteflowering Q. (japonica alba) 
CYMBIDIUM 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

CYNANCHUM 

acuminatifolium ( Vincetoxicimi 
acuminatum; V . japonicum) 

Mosquito-trap 
CYNARA 

cardunculus Cardoon 

scolymus 

(Globe Artichoke) Artichoke 

CYNODON CAPRIOLA 

CYNOGLOSSUM . Houndstongue 
linifolium . . Omphalodes linifolia 



CYNOGLOSSUM, continued 

nervosum . Great Houndstongue 
officinalis Common H. 

CYNOSURUS 

cristatus . . Crested Dogtail 

CYPERUS Flat-sedge 

adenophorus . . Brazilian F. 
altemifolius . . Umbrella-sedge 

esculentus Chufa 

papyrus (Papyrus antiquorum) 

Papyrus 

Hort. var. of Cyperus: 

Slender Umbrella-sedge (C. al- 
temifolius gracilis^ Cy) 
Striped U. (C. a. variegatus\ Cy) 

CYPHOMANDRA 

betacea Tree-tomato 

Cypress 

Arizona C. . Cupressus arizonica 
Baldcypress .... Taxodium 
Bentham C. . Cupressus benthami 

' Bhutan C C. tonilosa 

Blue Column C. Hort. var. of 

Chamaecyparis lawsoniana. 
Blue Gowen C. (Cupressus goven- 

iana glauca] Cy) 
Blue Guadalupe C. Hort. var. of 

Cupressus guadalupensis. 
Blue Nootka C. (Chamaecyparis 

nootkatensis glauca^ Cy) 
Columnar Italian C. (Cupressus 

sempervirens stricta'\ Cy) 
Cream C. (Chamaecyparis lawson- 
iana albospica\ Cy) 
Cripps C. (Cupressus macrocarpa 

crippsi] Cy) 
Dwarf Hinoki C. (Chamaecyparis 

obtusa nana\ Cy) 
Dwarf Lawson C. (Chamaecyparis 

lawsoniana nana'\ Cy) 
Football C. (Chamaecyparis obtusa 

compacta] Cy) 
Fountain Lawson C. (Chamaecy- 
paris lawsoniana gracilis^ Cy) 
Globe-cone Italian C. (Cupressus 

sempervirens indica^ Cy) 
Golden Hinoki C. (Chamaecyparis 

obtusa aurea\ Cy) 

Abbreviations: (Ag) (.\r) (Cy) (t) see page 1. 



Small C.\PiTALS=approved common names. 



108 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Cypress, continued 

Golden Lawson C. {Chamaecyparis 

lawsoniana lutea'\ Cy) 
Go WEN C. . Cupressus goveniana 
Green Column C. Hort. var. of 

Chamaecyparis lawsoniana. 
Guadalupe C. 

Cupressus guadalupensis 
HiNOKi C. Chamaecyparis obtusa 
Italian C. Cupressus sempervirens 
Knight C. {Cupressus henthami 

knightiana^ Cy) 
Lawson C. 

Chamaecyparis lawsoniana 
Lindley C. 

Cupressus benthami lindleyi 
Lofty C. (C. torulosa majestica] Cy) 
MacnabC. Cupressus macnabiana 
Monterey C. . . C. macrocarpa 
Mourning C. ... C. funebris 

NOOTKA C. 

Chamaecyparis nootkatensis 

PoNDCYPRESs Taxodium ascendens 

Portuguese C. 

Cupressus lusitanica 

Pygmy Hinoki C. {Chamaecyparis 
obtusa pygmaea\ Cy) 

Sawara C Sawara Reti- 

nospora: Chamaecyparis pisifera 

Scarab C. {Chamaecyparis law- 
soniana alumi'\ Cy) 

Sentry C. (C. /. pyramidalis\ Cy) 

Silver Lawson C. (C. I. glauca] Cy) 

SiLVERTip Hinoki C. (C. obtusa 
albospicata\ Cy) 

Slender Hinoki C. Hort. var. of 
C. obtusa. 

Smooth C. . . Cupressus glabra 

Spreading Italian C. (C. semper- 
virens horizontalis] Cy) 

Steel C. {Chamaecyparis lawsoni- 
ana glauca] Cy) 

Summer-cypress .... Kochia 

Veitch C. Hort. var. of Chamae- 
cyparis lawsoniana. 

Weeping Hinoki C. Hort. var. of 
Chamaecyparis obtusa. 

Weeping Lawson C. (C. lawson- 
iana pendula'\ Cy) 

Westermann C, Hort. var. of C. 
lawsoniana. 



Cypress, continued 

White Sentry C. Hort. var. of 

Chamaecyparis lawsoniana. 
WissEL. C. Hort. var. of C. law- 
soniana. 
Yelix)W Macnab C. Hort. var. of 

Cupressus macnabiana. 
Yellow Monterey C. (C. macro- 
carpa lutea] Cy) 
Yellowtip Hinoki C. Hort. var. 

of Chamaecyparis obtusa. 
Youngs Cypress {Chamaecyparis 
lawsoniana youngi] Cy) 
Cypress Savin, Cypress Spurge, 

etc. See Savin, Spurge, etc. 

Cypress-pine . . . Callitris robusta 

Drooping C. . . C. rhomboidea 

Cypressvine . . Quamoclit pinnata 

Cyprian Iris Iris cypriana 

CYPRIPEDIUM . . . L.ADYSLIPPER 
See ORCHID GENERA. 

CYRTOMIUM 
falcatum . . House Hollyfern 

Hort. var. of C. falcatum: 

Rochford Fern {rochfordianurn) 
Dwarf Rochford F. {rochfordia- 
num compact um) 

CYRTOPODIUM 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

CYSTOPTERIS . . . Bl.\dderfern 
bulbifera {Filix bulbifera) Berry B. 
fragilis {F. fragilis) Brittle Fern 

CYTHEREA Ag . . . CALYPSO 

CYTISUS Broom 

The common name Broom applies also 
to the allied genus Genista. 

cdbus Ag-Ar . . . . C. leucanthus 

The name C. albus is also applied, 
erroneously, to C. multiflorus, C. prae- 
cox, and to the pale variety of C. sco- 
parius. 

alpinus . . . Laburnum alpinum 
andreanus . . . Paradise Broom 

Hort. var. of C. scoparius. 

canariensis {Genista canariensis) 

Canary B. 
candicans . . C. monspessulanus 

capitatv^ C. supinus 

fragrans {Genista fragrans) 

Sweet Broom 



CYTISUS— DAHLIA 



109 



CYTISUS, continued 

hispanicus . . Genista hispanica 
laburnum . . . Laburnum vulgare 
leucanthus (C. albus Ag-Ar) 

Pale Broom 
— schipkaensis . . Bulgarian B. 
maderensis .... Madeira B. 
— magnifoliosus 

Leafy Madeira B. 
multiflorus {Genista alba) 

White Spanish B. 
monspessulanus (candicans) 

nigricans Spike B. 

praecox .... Warminster B. 

purgans Provence B. 

racemosus (Genista racemosa) 

Easter B. 

The nanie C. racemosus is sometimes 
misapplied to C. maderensis magni- 
foliosus. 

scoparius (Genista scoparia; Spart- 
imn scoparium) . Scotch Broom 

See also hort. var. list below. 

sessilifolius Sessile B. 

shipkaensis 

C. leucanthus schipkaensis 
supinus (capitatus) 

Bigflower Broom 

triflorus Greek B. 

watereri . . . Laburnum watereri 
Hort. var. of Cytisus: 

Pale Scotch Broom (C. scoparius 

albus'^ Cy) 
Paradise B, (C. s. andreanus] Cy; 
Genista andreana) 



Orchard Grass 
Orchard G. 



DACTYLIS . . 
glomerata . . 

DAEMONOROPS 

fissus 
Daffodil 

Common D. 

Narcissus pseudonarcissus 

Fall-daffodil . Stembergia lutea 

Halfskirt D. 

Narcissus incomparabilis 

Petticoat D. . . N. bulbocodium 
Dagger 

Spanish-dagger . Yucca aloifolia 

DAHLIA Dahlia 

arborea D. excelsa 



DAHLIA, continued 

coccinea .... Fire Dahlia 
excelsa (arborea) .... Tree D. 

glabrata D. mercki 

gracilis .... Dwarf Dahlia 
imperialis . . . Candelabra D. 

juarezi Cactus D. 

mercki (glabrata) . Bedding D. 

pinnata Aztec D 

rosea Old Garden D. 

variabilis 

A confused name promiscuously applied 
to various garden hybrids of D. pinnata 
and D. rosea. 

Hort. var. of Dahlia: 

Because of the large number of horti- 
cultural varieties of Dahlia the hort. 
var. list and the common-name list 
have been combined in the special list 
below. 

Dahlia Dahlia 

Statement Prepared by 
J. B. S. Norton 

This list was prepared by Prof. J. B. S. 
Norton, University of Maryland, and 
Dr. W. E. Safford, on behalf of the 
American DahHa Society, from thirty- 
seven leading 1920 American catalogues 
and eighty 1921 catalogues. It does not 
pretend to be complete and doubtless 
contains errors, b.ut it is published in the 
hope that it will serve as a basis for 
critical examination and correction. 

It includes all varieties found in four or 
more catalogues, with a few of the more 
promising new ones not yet widely 
introduced. 

The American Dahlia Society has not 
yet settled upon a system of nomen- 
clature, and the names used herein are 
recommended rather than adopted. 
The principles used in the selection of 
names for changes proposed are as 
follows: 

1. The oldest name known for a variety 
is to be used unless a later one is so weil 
established that much confusion would 
result from a change. 

2. Where two varieties have the same 
name, the older should stand and the 
new one be renamed; but names of im- 
portant varieties now grown are not to 
be discarded because of their having 
been applied to varieties no longer 
cultivated. 

3. Long or difficult names are shortened 
or changed to more convenient forms. 
In general, initials are omitted and 
names reduced to not more than two 
words. 

4. In the publications of the American 
Dahlia Society, names registered with 
the Society shall have standing over un- 
registered names. 



no 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Dahlia, continued 

Cultural Types of Dahlia 

Statement Prepared by 

Dr. W. E. Safford 

Single Dahlias are those which have 
but one circle of ray-flowers surround- 
ing the disk. In the primitive type there 
are only eight rays; but this number has 
been increased and the rays may be long 
or short, slender and pointed or broad 
and rounded, acuminate or notched, or 
with such wide spaces between the tips 
of the rays as to suggest a star, recurved 
or incurved. Single Cactus Dahhas 
usually have the rays incurved, with the 
margins folded backward. 

Duplex Dahlias are those which have a 
double row of rays surrounding the disk. 
The name is apphed to various forms in 
which the rays may be either flat and 
broad or narrow and folded either in- 
ward or outward. 

Show Dahlias are those which have a 
globose or hemispherical head of quilled 
florets. 

Pompon Dahlias may be regarded as a 
small form of the Show type; they are 
especially desirable for cut flowers, and 
are sometimes called Bouquet Dahlias. 

Decorative Dahlias are those possess- 
ing broad, flat, and nearly straight 
florets, arranged somewhat irregularly; 
the flower heads are not spherical in 
shape like those of the Show Dahhas, 
but are inchnedto be flat or massive 
and are always full to the center. 

Dwarf Dahhas include various kinds of 
low Dahlias suitable for bedding 
purposes. 

Anemone-flowered Dahlias have a 
single circle of ray flowers and the disk 
flowers are developed into elongated 
tubes. 

Cactus Dahlias diff'er from other types 
chiefly in having the margins of their 
florets folded or even quilled backward. 
Their ancestry may be traced back to 
Dahlia juarezi. 

HybridCactusDahlias are intermediate 
between Cactus Dahlias and Decorative 
or Show Dahlias. Some of their florets 
are usually folded backward. Dahlia 
juarezi, the ancestor of all the Cactus 
Dahhas, would now be classed with the 
Cactus Hybrids. 

Peony-flowered Dahlias are so named 
from their resemblance to semi-double 
peonies. Many are hybrids between 
Cactus Dahlias and other forms. Some 
are artistically irregular with long stems. 

Collarette Dahlias have a single series 
of ray flowers, with the stamens de- 
veloped into petal-like processes which 
appear to form a frill or collar around 
the disk, usually of a different color 
from that of the rays. 



Dahlia, continued 

Explanation of Abbreviations 
Classification 

The classification of the varieties is 
indicated after each of the following 
abbreviations: 

An. Fl. Anemone-flowered Dahha. 
Cac. Cactus Dahha. 
Col. Collarette Dahha. 
Dec. Decorative Dahha. 
Dup. Duplex Dahlia. 
Dw. Dwarf Dahha. 
HC. Hybrid Cactus Dahlia. 
HPFl. Hybrid Peony-flowered Dahlia. 
Pom. Pompon Dahlia. 
PFl. Peony-flowered Dahlia. 
Sin. Single Dahha. 
Sh. Show Dahha. 



Originators 
Alex. 

Ans. 

Aust. 

Babe. 
Bost. 

Broom. 
Bru. 

Burg. 
Burns 
Burp. 

Burr. 

Can. 

Cay. 
Cham. 

Charm. 

Cheal 
Chi. 

Crass 

Dav. 
Deeg. 

Dool. 

Engelh. 

Est. 

Fell. 
Fen. 



or Introducers 

J. K. Alexander, East Bridge- 
water, Mass. 

Carl Ansorge, Klein-Flottbek, 
Holstein, Germany. 

William J. Austin, Dorchester, 
England. 

D. W. Babcock, Berhn, Md. 
Bessie Boston Dahlia Farm, 

San Mateo, Calif. 
J. J. Broomall, Eagle Rock, Cal. 
Viaud-Bruant, Poitiers, Vienne, 

France. 

E. B. Burgle, Fruitvale, Cahf. 

F. C. Burns, San Rafael, Cahf. 
W. A. Burpee & Co., Phila- 
delphia, Pa. 

J. Burrell & Co., Cambridge, 

England. 
H. Cannell & Son, Swanley, 

England. 
Cayeux & Leclerc, Paris, France. 
Mrs. Chamberlain, Portland, 

Ore. 
A. Charmet, Rue Des Dahlais, 

10 Monplaisir, Lyon, Rhone, 

France. 
J. Cheal & Sons, Crawley, 

Sussex, England. 
John Lewis Childs, Floral Park, 

L. L, N. Y. 
Eduard Crass, Mariendorf, 

Germany. 
A. W. Davidson, Ansonia, Conn. 
Max Deegen, Kostritz, Thurin- 

gen, Germany. 
L. S. Doolittle, Del Monte, 

Calif. 
Kurt Engelhardt, Dresden, 

Germany. 
Mrs. W. E. Estes, 1458 47th 

Ave., San Francisco, Cahf. 
F. W. Fellowes, England. 
Fenton's Dahha Farm, 771 

Buena Vista, San Francisco, 

Cahf. 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. 77'AZic=synonyms or unapproved names. 



DAHLIA 



111 



Dahlia, continued 

Fing. W. A. Finger, Hicksville, N. Y. 

G. & K. Goos&Koenemann, Niederwal- 
luf, Germany. 

Gero G. W. Gero, Colo. 

Glead. R. C. Gleadell, 6351 Geary St., 
San Francisco, Calif. 

Hob. Hobbies, Derham, England. 

Hornsv. H. Hornsveld, Baarn, Holland. 

Hum. George Humphreys, Chippen- 
ham, Englarfd. 

Jones H. J. Jones, Ryecroft, Hither- 
green, Lewisham, England. 

Kess. Kessing, Germany. 

Key. Keynes, Williams & Co., Salis- 
bury, England. 

Kr. Jan Kriest, .Jr., Leiden, Holland. 

Kunz. E. L. Kunzmann, Louisville, Ky. 

Leedh. E. Leedham, Santa Cruz, Calif. 

Lohrm. Richard Lohrmann, San Ra- 
fael, Cahf. 

Manda W. A. Manda, South Orange, 
N. J. 

Mann Otto Mann, Leipzig, Eutritzsch, 
Germany. 

Mar. Judge J. T. Marean, Greens 
Farms, Conn. 

Mast. Charles H. Mastic, 1860 Den- 
ver Ave., Portland, Ore. 

Maytr. W. W. Maytrott, Vineland, N.J. 

McWh. R. McWhirter, 703 Crescent 
Ave., San Francisco, Calif. 

N. & H. Nonne & Hoepker, Ahrensburg, 
Holstein, Germany. 

Non. Auguste Nonin, 20 Ave. de 
Paris, Chatillon - sous - Bag- 
neux, Seine, France. 

Peac. Peacock Dahlia Farms, Berlin, 
N. J. 

Pel. Frank D. PeHcano & Co., 119 

Guttenburg St., San Fran- 
cisco, Calif. 

Per. Amos Perry, Enfield, Middle- 

sex, England. 

R. B. Rozain-Boucharlat, 88 Grande 
Rue de Cuire, Cuire-les- 
Lyon, Rhone, France. 

Rawl. Rawlings Bros., Rumford, Eng- 
land. 

Reh. Rehorst, with Bessie Boston, 
San Mateo, Calif. 

Riv. Rivoire, Pere et Fils, Lyon, 
France. 

Schm. Schmitz, Philadelphia, Pa., 
about 1870. 

Seal Jessie L. Seal, 607 Third Ave., 
San Francisco, Calif. 

Scale N. V. Scale, Seven Oaks, Eng- 
land. 

Shoesm. H. Shoesmith, Woking, Eng- 
land. 

Sloe. Slocombe's Dahlia Garden, 555 
Townsend Ave., New Haven, 
Conn. 



Dahlia, continued 

Spen. Spencer Dahlia Gardens, 1324 
Weber St., Alameda, Calif. 

Stillm. George L. Stillman, Westerly, 
R. I. 

Stout Mrs. C. H. Stout, Short Hills, 
N. J. 

Str. James Stredwick & Sons, Silver- 

hill Park, St. Leonards, 
England. 

Trant. H. R. Tranter, England. 

Turn. Charles Turner, Slough, Eng- 
land. 

V. & B. Vernon and Barnard. 

Vav. Joseph Vavra, Huntington 
Beach, Calif. 

Vine. R. Vincent, Jr., & Sons, White 
Marsh, Md. 

Walk. George H. Walker, North Digh- 
ton, Mass. 

Ware Thomas S. Ware, Feltham, 
England. 

West J. T. West, Tower Hill, Brent- 
wood, England. 

Wilm. W. W. Wilmore, Box 382, 
Denver, Colo. 

Wout. G. Wouters, Leiden, Holland. 

Abbe Hugonnard. Col. (Riv.) 
Achievement. Col. (Alex.) John 

L. hinder. 
A. C. He. IDE. 
Acquisition. Sh. 
Adelaide. Pom. (West.) 
A. D. Livoni. Livoni. 
Admiration. PFl. 
Advance. Cac. (Key. 1907.) 
A. E. Johnson. Johnson. 
Aennchen von Tharau. HC. 

(Engelh. 1913.) 
AiDA. Dec. (Lohrm. 1912.) 
A. K. Perry; A. R. Peary. Peary. 
Alabaster. Cac. (Str. 1906.) 
Albert Manda. Dec. (Manda.) 
Alewine. Pom. 
Alex Kennedy. Cac. (Str.) 
Alexis. Sh. (Before 1899.) Grand 

Duke Alexis. 
Alight. Cac. 
Allie Mourey. Pom. 
Alpen Rose. Cac. 
Amanda. Cac. (Ans. 1909.) 
Amber Queen. Pom. 
America. Sh. 
America. New America. 
American Beauty. Dec. Sh. 
Ami Barrilet. Dw-Sin. Little Othello. 



Small CAPixALS^approved common names. Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (t) see page 1. 



112 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Dahlia, continued 

Amos Perry. Cac. (Hob.) 

Amours de Madame. Sh. Les 

Amours de Madame. 
Amphion. Dec. (West.) 
Amun Ra. Dec. (Seal 1921.) 
Andrew Carnegie. PFl. (Hornsv. 

1909.) 
Anna Rehorst. Sh. (Reh.-Bost. 

1917.) 
Annie Dong aster. Pom. (West.) 
Annie Slogombe. PFl. (Sloe.) 
Appleton. Cac. (Str. 1908.) Dr. 

Roy Appleton. 
Aquitania. HC. (Stillm.) 
Arabella. Sh. (Schm. 1873.) 
arbor ea. D. excelsa. 
Ariel. Pom. 

Arthur Pigkard. Cac. (Str. 1911.) 
Arthur Rawlings. Sh. (West.) 
Attragtion. HC. (Hornsv.) 
AuGUSTE NoNiN. HC. (Charm.) 
Aurora. New Aurora. j 

AURORE. PFl. I 

Austin. PFl. (Aiist.) F. R. Austin. \ 
Autumn Glory. Cac. 
Avalanche. HC. (Hornsv.) 
AvoGA. Cac. 
Ayesha. Dec. (Maytr.) 
Azalea. Dec. (Bost. 1918.) 
Azteg D. D. pinnata. 
Bagghus. Pom. (Key.) 
Baker. Cac. (West.) T. G. Baker. 
Ballet Girl. Cac. (Bost. 1920.) 
Baltimore. Dec. (Vine.) 
Barlows Bedder. Dec. 
Baron de Grangy. PFl. (Hornsv. 

1904.) Baron G. de Grancy; De 

Grancy; Madonna. 
Basilisk. Cac. (West 1914.) 
Bassett. Dec. Frank L. Bassett. 
Beatrice Slogombe. Dec. (Sloe.) 
Bedding D. D. mercki. 
Bedford. Dec. (Mar.) E. T. Bed- 
ford. 
Bel-Aggueil. Col. (Riv.) Souvenir 

de Bel-Accueil. 
Belle OF Springfield. Pom. (1892.) 
Beloit. HC. (Charm. 1909.) 
Berch van Heemstede. Dec. 

(Hornsv.) 
Berkeley. PFl. 



Dahlia, continued 

Bertha Bernstein. Sh. (Gero 

1918.) 
Bertha Horne. HC. (Vav. 1917.) 
Bertha VON Suttner. PFl. (Hornsv. 

1910.) 
Bertram. PFl. 

Bessie Boston. Dec. (Leedh.) 
Betty. Sin. 

Bianga. HC. (Hornsv. 1914.) 
Big Chief. Sin. 
BiLLiE Burke. Dec. (Bost.) 
Billionaire. PFl. The Billionaire. 
Bizarre. Cac. 

Blagk Beauty. Dec. (Stillm. 1913.) 
Black Beauty. Dusky Beauty. 
Blagk Diamond. Sh. 
Blanche. Sin. 
Blue Oban. Dec. 
Bobby. Pom. 

Bon Ton. Sh. (Wilm. 1900.) 
Borden. PFl. Hon. R. L. Borden. 
Border King. Cac. (West.) 
Break o'Day. HC. (Maytr. 1917.) 
Breeze Lawn. Dec. 
Brentwood Yellow. Dec. (W^est.) 
BRroAL Robe. Cac. (Key.) 
Bride. Sh. 
Brigadier. Cac. 
Britannia. Cac. (Key.) 
British Lion. Cac. (Str. 1918.) 
Brunette. Pom. 
Brunhilde. Cac. (G. & K. 1896.) 
Bruton. Dec. (Peac. 1895.) Clifford 

W. Bruton. 
BuDDE. PFl. (1912.) Horlulanus 

Budde. 
Cactus D. D. juarezi. 
Caegilia. PFl. (Hornsv. 1911.) 
Caesar. PFl. 
Caleb Powers. Sh. 
California. Dec-PFl. (Hornsv. 1915.) 
Cambria. Dec. (Burr. 1917.) 
Candelabra D. D. imperialis. 
Candeur. Cac. 
Cardinal. Grand Cardinal. 
Catharine. Pom. 
Catherine Duer. Dec. 
Cecil. Pom. (Tm-n. 1892.) 
C. E. Wilkins. Wilkins. 



DAHLIA 



113 



Dahlia, continued 

Chabanne. Col. (Riv.) Souvenir de 
Chabanne. 

Charles Lanier. Sh. 

Chatenay. PFl. (Hornsv. 1913.) 
Chief. Dec. (Sloe.) Chieftain. 

Childs. Dec. (Bost.) John Leuis 
Childs. 

City of Portland. PFl. (Cham. 
1916.) 

Clara Finger. Dec. (Fing. 1919.) 

Clara Seaton. Sh. (Dool. 1921.) 

Clifford W. Bruton. Bruton. 

Clincher. Cac. (Str. 1908.) 

coccinea. Fire D. 

Cockatoo. Cac. 

Colossal Peace. HC. (Mayti. 
1918.) 

Comedian. Sh. (Key. 1890.) 

Conquest. Cac. (West.) 

Constance. Cac. (Burr.) 

Copper. PFl-Dec. (Dool.) 

Corona. Dec. (Wilm. 1910.) 

Countess of Lonsdale. Car. 
(Can.) 

Countess of Malmsbury. Cac. 

Country Girl. Cac. 

Crawley Star. Dup. (Cheal.) 

Cream Century. Sin. 

Cream Cup. Col. (Bost. 1917.) 

Cream King. PFl. (West.) 

Creation. PFl. (Hornsv. 1915.) 

Crepuscule. Cac. (Riv.) 

Crimson Century. Sin. 

Crystal. Cac. (Str.) 

Cuban Giant. Sh. Dr. J. P. Kirk- 
land. 

C. W. Hayden. Hayden. 

Cygnet. Cac. (Burr. 1914.) 

Cyril. Pom. (Turn. 1903.) 

Dainty. Cac. (Hob. 1904.) 

Daisy. Pom. (West.) 

Darkest of All. Pom. (West.) 

Darkness. Pom. (Key. 1875.) 

Darlene. Dec. (Alex.) 

David Warfield. Sh. (Hum.) 

Dee-lighted. Sh. (Chi.?) 

Defiance. Dec. 

Delice. Dec. (Charm. 1911.) 

Dewdrop. Pom. (West.) 

Diana. Pom. 



Dahlia, continued 

Diana OP Poitiers. PFl. (Hornsv. 

1914.) Diana. 
DiAvoLO. Cac. (Str. 1908.) 
DiemantvanBijstein. PFl. (Wout.) 

Mme. By stein. 
DiRECTEUR Gerard. Col Direcleur 

Rene Gerard. 
D. M. Moore. Moore. 
Doazon. Dec. (Bru. 1905.) Souvenii 

de Gustave Doazon. 
Dorothy. Sh. (Key.) 
Dorothy Durnbaugh. Cac. (Broom 

1915.) 
Dorothy Hawes. Cac. (Str. 1914.) 
Dorothy Peacock. Sh. (Peac.) 
Douglas. Pom. (Turn. 1894.) 
D7 . H. H. Rushy. Rusby. 
Dr. Jim. Pom. (West.) 
Dr. J . P. Kirkland. Cuban Giant 
Dr. Keynes. Sh. (Key.) 
Dr. Peary. PFl. 
^Dr. Roy Appleton. Appleton. 
Dr. Tevis. Dec. (Pel. 1915.) Dr. 

H. L. Tevis. 
Dr. Tyrrell. Dec. (Aust. 1919.) 
Dream. Dec-PFl. (Hornsv. 1916.) 
Dreers White. Sh. 
Dreers Yellow. Sh. 
Duchess OF Brunswick. PFl. 
Duchess of Marlboro. Cac. 
Duke Henry. PFl. (Hornsv. 1904.) 
Duke of Fife. Sh. (Key. 1890.) 
Dusky Beauty. PFl. (Bost. 1919.) 

Black Beauty. 
Dwarf D. D. gracilis. 
Earl of Pembroke. Cac. (Key. 

1892.) 
Edelweiss. Cac. (Ans. 1907.) 
Eden. Col. (Cheal.) 
Edith Carter. Cac. (Shoesm. 

1913.) 
Edith Cavell. PFl. (West.) 
Edith Slocombe. HC. (Sloe.) 
Edna Story. Dec. 
Effective. Cac. (Hob. 1905.) 
E. F. Hawes. Hawes. 
Electric. Cac. 

Ella Kramer. Cac. (Str. 1906.) 
Els A. PFl. (Lohrm.) 
Else. Cac. (Crass 1904.) 
Elsie Burgess. Sh. 



114 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Dahlia, continued 

Elsie Davidson. Dec. (Dav.) 
Emblem. Cac. (Key. 1913.) 
Emily. Sh. (1871.) 
Emily Hopper. Pom. (Ware.) 
Emily Renwick. Dec. (Stout 1917.) 

Emily D. Renwick. 
Emma Slocombe. Dec. (Sloe.) 
Empress. Cac. (Str.) 
Enchantment. Cac. (Str. 1914.) 

Fascination. 
Estelle Christy. Sh. 

E. T. Bedford. Bedford. 
Etendard de Lyon. Col. (Riv.) 
Ethel Maule. Sh. 

Etruria. Cac. (Str. 1906.) 

Eureka. Cac. 

EvEQUE. Dec. (Hornsv. 1916.) 

excelsa. Tree D. 

Excelsior. Cac. (West.) 

Exposition de Lyon. Col. (Riv. 

1912.) 
ExTASE. Cac. (Cay. 1910.) 
Fairy Queen. Pom. 
Fantastique. Cac-PFl. (Mast. 1917.) 
Fascination. Pom. 
Fascination. Enchantment. 
Fashion. Pom. (Key. 1885.) 
Faust. Dec. 
Fellowes. Cac. F. W. Fellowes. 

F. G. Scheif. Frau Scheie. 

FiET. Dec. (Hornsv. 1912.) Hortu- 

lanus Fiet. 
Fire D. D. coccinea. 
Fireburst. Dec. 
Flame. Cac. 
Flamingo. Pink Flamingo; Red 

Flamingo. 
Flora. Cac. (1904.) 
Floradora. Cac. (Hum.) 
Florence Stredwick. Cac. (Str 

1905.) Florence M. Stredwick. 
Florence Tranter. Sh. (Trant.) 
FoRDHOOK Beauty. PFl. (Burp. 1918.) 
Forest LoMA. PFl. (Stillm.) 
Frances White. Cac. (Str. 1913.) 
Francis Butts. Dec. Francis A. 

Butts. 



Dahlia, continued 

Frayik A. Walker. Walker. 
Frank L. Bassett. Bassett. 
Frank Smith. Sh. (Schm. 1872.) 
Frau Scheie. Dec. F. G. Scheif; 

Frau Geheimrat Scheif. 
Fraulein Budde. PFl. (Hornsv. 

1912.) 
F. R. Austin. Austin. 
Freckles. Dec. (Maytr. 1919.) 
Frederick Wenham. Cac. (Str.) 
Fringed Century. Sin. Fringed 

Twentieth Century. 
Futurity. Dec. (West.) 
F. W. Fellowes. Fellowes. 
Garibaldi. PFl. (Hornsv. 1913.) 
Geant de Lyon. Col. (Riv. 1913.) 
Geisha. PFl. (Hornsv. 1910.) 
Geisha Century. Sin. 
General Buller. Cac. 
General Joffre. HC. 
General Miles. Sh. 
General Seth. Cac. (Babe.) Gen- 
eral J. B. Seth. 
Genoveva. Cac. 
George Walters. HC. (Carter 

1914.) 
Gerard. Directeur Rene Gerard. 
Germania. PFl. (Hornsv. 1906.) 
Gigantea. Dec. 
Gigantic. Cac. (Str.) 
Girlie. Pom. (West.) 
glabrata. D. mercki. 
Gladiateur. Sh. 
Gladys Sherwood. HC. (Broom 

1918.) 
Glory of Baarn. PFl. (Hornsv. 

1904.) Gloire de Baarn. 
Glory of Lyon. Sh. Gloire de 

Lyon. 
Gi/)RY OF New Haven. Dec. (Sloe.) 
Glory of Nykerk. PFl. (Wout. 

1910.) Roem van Nijkerk. 
Glory of Wilts. Cac. (Key.) 
Goethe. Cac. (N. & H. 1909.) 

Wolfgang von Goethe. 
Gold Medal. Sh. 
Gold Tip. Col. 
Golden Age. Sh. 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. jrAhc=synonyms or unapproved names. 



DAHLIA 



115 



Dahlia, continued 

Golden Bedder. Dec. (Burbank 

1912.) Golden West. 
Golden Crown. Cac. (Key.) 
Golden Eagle. Cac. (Str.) 
Golden Gate. Cac. (Fing;.) 
Golden Prince. HC. (West.) 
Golden Sunshine. Dup. (Stout 

1912.) Sunshine. 
Golden Wave. Cac. (Str.) 
Golden West. Cac. (Broom. 1911.) 
Golden West. Golden Bedder. 
Goldland. Cac. 
Goliath. PFl. (West.) 
Goodrich. Dec. J. M. Goodrich. 
Grace Darling. Cac. 
gracilis. Dwarf D. 
Grand Cardinal. PFl. Cardinal 
Grand Duchess Marie. Marie. 
Grand Duke Alexis. Alexis. 
Grand Manitou. Dec. (Riv.) Lf 

Grand Manitou. 
Great Britain. Dec. (1913.) 
Gretchen Heine. Pom. 
Gruss aus Wien. Vienna Greeting. 
Guardian. Cac. (Str.) 
Gwendoline Tucker. Cac. (Key.) 
Hampton Court. PFl. 
Harbor Light. Cac. 
Harry Snook. Pom. (Key.) 
Harvest Moon. Dec. (Maytr 

1918.) 
Hawes. Cac. (Str. 1914.) E. F 

Halves. 
Hayden. Dec. C. W. Hayden. 
Helen Durnbaugh. HC. (Broom 

1915.) 
Helen Hollis. Sh. (Alex.) Miss 

Helen Hollis. 
Henri Cayeux. Cac. (Cay. 1906.) 
Henri Farman. Col. 
Henry Maier. Dec. 
Henry Patrick. Dec. (Ware 1884.) 
Herbert Raby. Cac. (Str.) 
H. H. Thomas. Thomas. 
H.J. Lovink. Lovink. 
HoFFNUNG. Cac. 
HoLMAN Hunt. PFl. (West.) 
Hon. R. L. Borden. Borden. 
Honesty. Cac. (West.) 



Dahlia, continued 

Hortulanus Budde. Budde. 

Hortulanus Fiet. Fiet. 

Hortulanus Witte. Witte. 

H. Shoesmith. Shoesmith. 

H. W. Sillem. Sillem. 

Iceberg. Dec. (West 1903.) 

Ide. PFl. A. C. Ide. 

Ideal. Pom. (West.) 

imperialis. Candelabra D. 

Indian Chief. Pom. 

Indian Neck. Dec. (Miller 1919.) 

Indomitable. Cac. (Str. 1911.) ' 

Insulinde. Dec. (Kr.) 

Irresistible. Cac. (Str.) 

Ivory White. Cac. (West 1916.) 

Jack. Sin. 

Jack Pollock. Sin. 

Jack Rose. Dec. (Peac.) 

Jackson. Cac. (V. & B. 1908.) J . 

H. Jackson. 
Jamieson. Cac. (Str.) Rev. T. W. 
' Jamieson. 

Jane Selby. Dec. (Bost.) 
J. B. Riding. Riding. 
Jean Kerr. Dec. (Burp. 1920.) 
Jeanne Charmet. Dec. (Charm.) 
Jessica. Pom. (Turn. 1896). 
Jessie Seal. PFl. (Glead.) Mrs. 

Jessie L. Seal. 
J. H. Jackson. Jackson. 
J. K. Alexander. Sh. (Alex.) 
J. M. Goodrich. Goodrich. 
JoFFRE. Dec. (R. B.) 
Johannesburg. Cac. (Str. 1911.) 
John Bennett. Sh. (Rawl.) 
John Bull. Col. (Str.) 
John Green. PFl. (Str. 1914.) 
John H. Slocombe. Slocombe. 
John Lewis Childs. Childs. 
John L. hinder. Achievement. 
John Riding. Cac. (Str. 1913.) 
John Walker. Sh. (Walk.) 
John Wanamaker. PFl. (Peac.) 
Johnson. Dec. A. E. Johnson. 
Jonkheer Boreel. Dec. (Hornsv. 

1915.) Jonkheer Boreel van Hoge- 

landen. 
juarezi. Cactus D. 
Judge Marfan. Dec. (Mar.) 



Small CAPiTALS==approved common names. Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (t) see page 1. 



116 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Dahlia, continued 

Jupiter. Cac. (Str. 1911.) 

Justice Bailey. HC. 

Kaiserin. Dec. (1905.) Kaiserin 

Augusta Victoria. 
Kalif. HC. (Engelh. 1913.) 
King Albert. PFl. 
King Edward. PFl. (1909.) 
King Leopold. PFl. (1906.) 
King OF Autumn. PFl-Dec. (Hornsv. 

1915.) King of the Autumn. 
Kleine Domitea. Pom. (1875.) 
Kriemhilde. Cac. (G. & K.) 
La Favorita. HC. (Lohrm. 1916.) 
La France. Dec. (1905.) 
LaRiante. PFl. (1908.) 
Laddie. Dec. (Broom. 1921.) 
Lady Fair. Cac. (Key.) 
Lady Helen. HC. (Stillm.) 
Landseer. PFl. (West.) 
Latona. PFl. (Hornsv. 1915.) 
Lawine. Cac. (G. & K. 1906.) 
Le Colosse. Dec. 
Le Grand Manitou. Grand Man- 

ITOU. 

Le Toreador. Dec. (Mar.) 
Lenormand. Dec. (Charm.) Mons. 

Lenormand. 
Leo XIII. PFl.-Dec. (Hornsv. 1912.) 
Les Amours de Madame. Amours 

DE Madame. 
Libelle. Cac. (1904?) 
Libellule. Cac. (1914.) 
Liberty. PFl. (West.) 
Little Beauty. Pom. (1875.) 
Little Beeswing. (Key.) 
Little Bessie. Pom. 
Little Herman. Pom. (1870.) 
Little Mary. Pom. (Scale.) 
Little Othello. Ami Barillet. 
Livoni. Sh. (1890.) A. D. Livoni. 
Lord Minto. Cac. (Key. 1907.) 
Lorna Doone. Cac. (Str.) 
Lovink. PFl. (Hornsv. 1911.) H. J. 

Lovink. 
Lucifer. Cac. 
Lucy Fawcett. Sh. 
Lyndhurst. Dec. 
Mabel. Dec. (West.) 



Dahlia, continued 

Mabel Taft. Dec. (Bost.) Mahel 
B. Taft. 

Madeline. Pom. 

Madonna . Baron de Gr anc y . 

Magnificent. Cac. (Str.) 

Maid of Kent. Dec. 

Manitou. Dec. (Wilm. 1909.) 

Manzanola. Dec. (Wilm. 1910.) 

Marguerite Bouchon. Cac. (Cay. 
1907.) 

Marie. Sh. Grand Duchess Marie. 

Marion Walton. Cac. 

Maritana. Sh. (Bost.) 

Marjorie Castleton. Cac. 

Marjorie Field. Dec. 

Mars. Pom. (Ware 1891.) 

Mary Furrier. Cac. (West 1911.) 

Mary Service. Cac. 

Master Carl. Cac. 

Masterpiece. PFl-Dec. (Wilm. 
1915.) 

Maude Adams. Sh. (Alex.) 

Maurice Rivoire. Col. (Riv.) 

Mauve Queen. Cac. (Cheal 1906.) 

McCuLLouGH. Dec. Miss Minnie 
McCidlough. 

Meissonier. An. Fl. 

Melody. Cac. (Str.) 

Melody. New Melody. 

Mephistopheles. Dec. (Mar.) 

mercki. Bedding D. 

Merlin. Sh. (Turn.) 

Meyerbeer. PFl. (Non.) 

Mildred Slocombe. Dec. (Sloe.) 

Millionaire. Dec. The Million- 
aire. 

MiNA Burgle. Dec. (Burg.) 

Minos. Dec. 

Miss Helen Hollis. Helen Hollis. 

Miss Minnie McCullough. McCul- 

LOUGH. 

Miss Moor. Cac. (Broom. 1916.) 

Miss Nannie B. Moor. 
Miss Stredwick. Cac. (Str.) 
Mme. A. Lumiere. Mme. Lumiere. 
Mme. Bystein. Diemant van Bij- 

STEIN. 

Mme. Cayeux. Cac. (Cay. 1907.) 
Mme. Henri Cayeux. 



DAHLIA 



117 



Dahlia, continued 

Mme. Charvet. Dec. Mme. Helene 

Charvet. 
Mme. CoissARD. Dup-PFl. (Charm.) 

Mme. J. Coissard. 
Mme. Curtelin. PFl. 
Mme. E. Poirier. Mme. Poirier. 
Mme. Eschenauer. Cac. 
Mme. Furtado. Sh. Mrne. Heine 

Furtado. 
Mme. Gygax. Col. 
Mme. Helene Charvet. Mme, Char- 
vet. 
Mme. Henri Cayeux. Mme. Cayeux. 
Mme. J. Coissard. Mme. Coissard. 
Mme. Lumiere. Dec. Mme. A. 

Lumiere. 
Mme. Marze. Sh. 
Mme. Poirier. Col. (Charm.) Mme. 

E. Poirier. 
Mme. van den Daele. Vandendaele. 
Mme. Van Loon. Van Loon. 
Mme. Vassaire. Dec. Mfne. Victor 

Vassaire. 
MONDSCHEIBE. PFl. (G. & K. 1913.) 
Mons. Lenormand. Lenormand. 
Mont Blanc. Dec. 
Moore. Dec. (Wilm.) D. M. Moore. 
Morocco. Dec. 

Mrs. Baker. PFl. Mrs. T.G. Baker. 
Mrs. Blackman. Cac. (Str.) Mrs. 

H. Blackman. 
Mrs. Boston. Dec. (Bost.) Mrs. 

E. C. Boston. 

Mrs. Breck. Cac. Mrs. C. H. 

Breck. 
Mrs. Burns. Dec. (Burns.) Mrs. 

F. C. Burns. 

Mrs. Carl Salbach. Mrs. Salbach. 
Mrs. Cassatt. Dec. Mrs. J. 

Gardner Cassatt. 
Mrs. Cooper. (Burr.) Mrs. C. 

Cooper. 
Mrs. C. G. Wyatt. Mrs. Wyatt. 
Mrs. Charles L. Seybold. Mrs. 

Seybold. 
Mrs. C. H. Breck. Mrs. Breck. 
Mrs. C. Turner. Mrs. Turner. 
Mrs, De Luca. Cac. 
Mrs. Dexter. Sh. 



Dahlia, continued 

Mrs. Douglas Fleming. Mrs. Flem- 
ing. 
Mrs. E.G. Boston. Mrs. Boston. 
Mrs. Edna Spencer. Mrs. Spencer. 
Mrs. Emberson. Cac. (West.) Mrs. 

J. Emberson. 
Mrs. Estes. HC. (Est.) Mrs. W. 

E. Estes. 
Mrs. Ethel F. T. Smith. Mrs, 

Smith. 
Mrs. F. C. Burns. Mrs. Burns. 
Mrs. Ferdinand Jeffries. Mrs. 

Jeffries. 
Mrs. F. Grinsted. Mrs. Grinsted. 
Mrs. Fleers. Dec. 
Mrs. Fleming. Cac. (Str.) Mrs. 

Douglas Fleming. 
Mrs. Futrelle. PFl. Mrs. Jacques 

Futrelle. 
Mrs. George Stevenson. Mrs. Steven- 
son. 
^RS. Gordon. PFl. Mrs. George 

Gordon. 
Mrs. Grinsted. Cac. Mrs. F. 

Grinsted. 
Mrs. Hartong. Dec. (Wilm.) 
Mrs. H. Blackman. Mrs. Black- 
man. 
Mrs. Henry Randle. Mrs. Randle. 
Mrs. H. J. Jones. Mrs. Jones. 
Mrs. I. de Ver Warner. Mrs. War- 
ner. 
Mrs. Jacques Futrelle. Mrs. Fu- 
trelle. 
Mrs. J. C. Vaughan. Mrs. Vaughan. 
Mrs. J. Emberson. Mrs. Emberson. 
Mrs. Jeffries. HC. (Wilm. 1911.) 

Mrs. Ferdinand Jeffries. 
Mrs. Jessie L. Seal. Jessie Seal. 
Mrs. J. Gardner Cassatt. Mrs, Cas- 
satt. 
Mrs. Jones. Cac. Mrs. H. J. Jones. 
Mrs. Josiah T. Marean. Mrs. Ma- 
re an, 
Mrs, Lohrmann, HC. (Lohrm.) 

Mrs. Richard Lohrmann. 
Mrs. Margaret Stredwick. Mrs. 

Stredwick. 
Mrs. Marean. PFl. (Mar.) Mrs. 
Josiah T. Marean. 



118 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Dahlia, continued 

Mrs. Nathaniel Slocomhe. Mrs. 

Slocoribe. 
Mrs. Handle. Cac. (Str. 1913.) 

Mrs. Henry Randle. 
Mrs. Richard Lohrmann. Mrs. 

LOHRMANN. 

Mrs. Roosevelt. Dec. 

Mrs. Salbach. Dec. Mrs. Carl 

Salbach. 
Mrs. Seybold. PFl.-Dec. (Vine.) 

Mrs. Charles L. Seybold. 
Mrs. Slocoivibe. Dec. (Sloe.) Mrs. 

Nathaniel Slocomhe. 
Mrs. Smith. HC. (Broom.) Mrs. 

Ethel F. T. Smith. 
Mrs. Spencer. HC. (Spen.) Mrs. 

Edna Spencer. 
Mrs. Stevenson. Cac. Mrs. George 

Stevenson. 
Mrs. Stredwick. Cac. (Str.) Mrs. 

Margaret Stredwick. 
Mrs. T. G. Baker. Mrs. Baker. 
Mrs. Turner. Dec. Mrs. C. Turner. 
Mrs. Vaughan. Dec. (Hornsv. 

1912.) Mrs. J. C. Vaughan. 
Mrs. Warnaar. Dec. (Hornsv. 

1914.) 
Mrs. Warner. Dec. (Mar.) Mrs. 

I. de Ver Warner. 
Mrs. W. E. Estes. Mrs. Estes. 
Mrs. Wilson. Dec. (Jones.) Mrs. 

Woodrow Wilson. 
Mrs. Wyatt. Cac. Mrs. C. G. 

Wyatt. 
Nancy Mae. HC. (Babe. 1913.) 
Nantwich. Cac. (Str. 1913.) 
Natalie Mai. PFl. (Bost.) 
Nerissa. Pom. (Tm-n. 1896.) 
Nerthus. Cac. (G. & K. 1909.) 
New America. PFl. America. 
New Aurora. Cac. Aurora. 
New Melody. Dec. (Peac.) Melody. 
New York. Cac. (Str.) 
Newport Wonder. Sin. 
Nibelungenhort. HC. (G. & K.) 
Norma. Sh. 



Dahlia, continued 

Oban. Dec. 

Old Garden D. D. rosea. 

Old Gold. PFl. 

Old Sol. PFl. (Maytr. 1918.) 

Orange Beauty. Dec. 

Orange King. Dec. 

Oregon Beauty. Dec. 

Oriana. PFl. 



OSAM ShUDOW. 

Pacific. Dec. 
Pacific Glow. 
Painted Lady. 
Papa Charmet. 



Dec. (Bost.) 
(McWh.) 
PFl. (Burns.) 
PFl. (Hornsv. 1914.) 
Dec. 



Patricia O'Brien. HC. (Vav. 1921.) 

Patrick O' Mara. Dec. (Vine. 1920.) 

Peary. Cac. A. K. Perry; A. R. 
Peary. 

Penelope. Sh. (Fell. 1892.) 

Perle de Lyon. Cac. (Riv.) 

Phenomene, Dup. 

Phil.adelphia. PFl-Dec. (Mann 
1908.) 

Phoenix. Cac. 

Pierre Lebloud. Dec. (Non.) 

Pierrot. Cac. (Str. 1914.) 

Pink Flamingo. Dec. (Ans. 1911.) 
Flarningo. 

Pink Pearl. Cac. (1905.) 

pinnata. Aztec D. 

Planet. Cac. (Str.) 

Polar Star. PFl. 

President Fallieres. PFl. (Kr.) 

President Viger. Col. 

President Wilson. Dec. (Jones.) 

Pride OF California. Dec. (Lohrm.) 

Prima Donna. HC. (N. & H. 1909.) 

Prince Charming. Pom. 

Prince of Yellows. Cac. (Morti- 
mer 1900.) 

Princess Juliana. PFl-Dec. (Hornsv. 
1910.) 

Princess Mary. PFl-Dec. (Hornsv. 
1916.) 

Princess Pat. Dec. (McWh.) 

Princess Victoria, Sh. 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. I T Alic^synonyms or unapproved names. 



DAHLIA 



119 



Dahlia, continued 

Princess , Victoria Louise. Victoria 
Louise. 

Professor Mansfield. Dec. 

Progenitor. Cac. 

Purple Manitou. Dec. Royal 
Purple. 

Quaker City. HC. (Maytr. 1918.) 

Queen Emma. PFl. 

Queen Esther. PFl. (Sloe.) 

Queen Mary. Dec. 

Queen of Yellows. Sh. 

Queen Victoria. Sh. 

Queen Wilhelmina. PFl. (Hornsv. 
1904.) 

Rawson. Sh. W . W. Rawson. 

Red Admiral. Cac. (Str. 1911.) 

Red Cross. HC-PFl. (Anderson 
1916.) 

Red Flamingo. Dec. (1912.) Fla- 
mingo. 

Red Hussar. Sh. 

Red Sunshine. Dec. (Kess.) Sun- 
shine. 

Reggie. Sh. 

Rembrandt. PFl. 

Rene Cayeux. Cac. (Cay. 1906.) 

Rev. T. W. Jamieson. Jamieson. 

Rheinischer Frohsinn. Cac. (G. 
&K. 1913.) 

Rheinkonig. Cac. (G. & K. 1911.) 

Richard Box. Cac. (Str. 1913.) 

Riding. Cac. J. B. Riding. 

Robert Broomfield. Sh. 

Roem van Nijkerk. Glory of Ny- 
kerk. 

Rosa Nell. Dec. (Broom. 1920.) 

Rose. Sh. 

Rose Gem. PFl-Dec. (1916.) 

Rose Mawr. Dec. (Broom. 1918.) 

Rose Pink. Sin. (Peac.) Rose- Pink 
Century. 

rosea. Old Garden D. 

Royal Purple. Purple Manitou. 

Rubens. PFl. (West.) 

RusBY. PFl. (Wilm. 1912.) Dr. H 
H. Rushy. 



Dahlia, continued 

Ruth Forbes. Cac. 

Ruth Gleadell. HC. (Seal.) Ruth 

C. Gleadell. 
Ryan. Dec. (Bost.) W.d'ArcyRyan 
Salvator. PFl. 
San Francisco. HC. (Lohrm.) 
San Mateo. Dec. (Bost.) 
San Mateo Star. Col. (Bost.) 
San Toy. Pom. (Turn. 1904.) 
Santa Cruz. Dec. 
Scarlet Century. Sin. 
Seahorse. HC. (West.) 
Sebastopol. Dec. (1912.) 
Sensation. Dup. 
Sequoia. Cac. 

Sequoia Gigantea. Dec. (Burns.) 
Sherlock Holmes. PFl. (1912.) 
Shoesmith. Cac. H. Shoesmith. 
Shudow Lavender. Dec. (Bost 

1921.) Shudows Lavender. 
SiLLEM. Cac. H.W. Sillem. 
Slocombe. Dec. (Sloe.) John H. 

Slocomhe. 
Snowclad. Pom. 
Snowdon. Cac. (Str. 1910.) 
Snowflake. Sin. 
Snowstorm. Cac. (Str. 1910.) 
South Pole. PFl. (Can.) 
Souvenir de Bel-Accueil. Bel-Ac- 

cueil. 
Souvenir de Chabanne. Chabanne. 
Souvenir de Gustave Doazon. Doazon. 
Springfield. Cac. 
St. George. Sin. 
Stability. Cac. (Str.) 
Standard Bearer. Cac. (Key. 

1898.) 
Stern. Cac. 
Storm King. Sh. 
Stradella. Sh. 

Stunner. Dec. (Broom. 1916.) 
SuLPHUREA. Dec. (West.) 
Sunbeam. Pom. 
Sunkiss. HC. (Chi. 1921.) 
Sunset. Pom. 

Sunshine. Golden Sunshine. 
Sunshine. Red Sunshine. 



Small CAPiTALS^=approved common names. Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (f) see page 1 



120 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Dahlia, continued 
SURPASSE COLOSSE. Sh. 

Susan. Sh. 

SwEETBRiAR. Cac. (Str. 1912.) 

Sylvia. Dec. 

Tenor Alvarez. Dec. (Non.) 

T. G. Baker. Baker. 

The Billionaire. Billionaire. 

The Eagle. HC. (Bums.) 

The Emperor. Dec. 

The Giant. PFl. 

The Grizzly. Dec. (Burns.) 

The Imp. Cac. (West.) 

The Lion. Cac. (Str.) 

The Mahdi. PFl. (Kunz. 1918.) 

The Millionaire. Millionaire. 

TheUesa. PFl. (Stillm. 1920.) The 

U. S. A. 
Thomas. Cac. (Str. 1911.) H.H 

Thomas. 
Thomas Oberlin. Cac. 
Thuringia. Cac. (Deeg.) 
Tom Lundy. HC. (Fen.) 
Tree D. D. excelsa. 
Tryphinnie. Cac. (Est. 1921.) 
Twentieth Century. Sin. (Peac.) 
Union Jack. Sin. 
Valiant. Cac. (Str.) 
VanDyck. PFl. (West.) 
Van Loon. Mme. Va7i Loon. 
Vandendaele. Dec. Mine. Van 

den Daele. 
variabilis. 

A confused name promiscuously applied 
to various garden hybrids of D. pinnata 
and D. rosea. 

Vater Rhein. HC. (G. & K. 1910.) 
Victoria Louise. Dec. Princess 

Victoria Louise. 
Vienna Greeting. Pom. Gruss aus 

Wien. 
Vivian. Sh. 
Vivid. Pom. 
Walker. Dec. (Alex.) Frank A. 

Walker. 
Walkure. PFl. (G. & K. 1914.) 
Washington City. HC. (Broom. 

1918.) 
W. d'Arcy Ryan. Ryan. 
Weber. PFl. 
Westhope. H.Dec. (Stout. 1918.) 

White Century. Sin. 



Dahlia, continued 

White Star. Dup. (Cheal.) 
White Swan. Sh. 
Wildfire. Sin. Wildfire Century. 
Wilhelm Miller. Dec. 
Wilkins. Cac. (Str. 1909.) C. E. 

Wilkins. 
William Agnew. Dec. (Peac. 1895.) 

WiNFIELD SlOCOMBE. DcC. (SloC. 

1921.) 
Winsome. Cac. (Hob. 1896.) 
WiTTE. Dec. (1911.) Hortulanus 

Witte. 
WoDAN. HC. (G. & K. 1910.) 
Wolfgang von Goethe. Goethe. 
W. W. Rawson. Rawson. 
Yellow Century. Sin. 
Yellow Colosse. Dec-Sh. 
Yellow Duke. H.Sh. 
Yellow King. HC. (Hornsv. 

1914.) 
Yellow" Transparent. Dup. 

(1914.) 
Yvonne Cayeux. Cac. (Cay. 

1907.) 
Zeppelin. PFl. (Hornsv. 1912.) 

Dahoon Ilex cassine 

Dahurian Bellflower, Dahurian 
Buckthorn, etc. See Bell- 
FLOW^ER, Buckthorn, etc. 
Daimyo Oak . . . Quercus dentata 
Daisy 
Crowndaisy 

Chrysanthemum coronarium 
English D. . . . Bellis perennis 
Giant D. 

Chrysanthemum uliginosum 

Globedaisy Globularia 

Michaelmas-daisy 

Aster tradescanti 
Nippon Oxeye D. 

Chrysanthemum nipponicum 
Oxeye D. . . C. leucanthemum 

Painted D C. coccineum 

Swan-river-daisy 

Brachycome iberidifolia 
Turfing D. 

Chrysanthemum tchihatchewi 

Daisytree Olearia 

Dakota Verbena 

Verbena bipinnatifida 



DALBERGIA— DASYSTEPHANA 



121 



DALBERGIA Rosewood 

Apparently the name of this genus 
under the American Rules is Securidaoa. 

sissoo (Amerimnon sissoo) . Sissoo 
Dalecarlia Birch. Hort. var. of 
Betula alba. 

DALIBARDA .... Dalibarda 

repens Dalibarda 

Dallis Grass . Paspalum dilatatum 
Dalmais Polygala 

Polygala dalmaisiana 
Dalmatian Bellflower, Dalma- 
tian Toadflax, etc. See Bell- 
flower, Toadflax, etc. 
Damask Rose . . . Rosa damascena 
Dames Rocket . Hesperis matronalis 

DAMMARA Ag . . . . AGATHIS 

Dammar-pine Agathis 

Australian D. . . . A. robusta 

White D A. alba 

Dampier Golden Elm {Ulmus folia- 

cea damjpieri] Cy) 
Dandelion Taraxacum ; T. officinale 
Dwarf-dandelion Krigia virginica 
Mountain-dandelion K. montana 
Dandelion Sundrops 

Oenothera acaulis 
Danesblood . Campanula glomerata 
Danford Iris . . . Iris danfordiae 
Dangleberry . Gaylussacia frondosa 

DAPHNE Daphne 

alpina Alpine D. 

altaica Mongolian D. 

blagayana Balkan D. 

caucasica .... Caucasian D. 

cneorum Rose D. 

genkwa Lilac D. 

mezereum .... February D. 

odora Winter D. 

oleoides Olive D, 

Hort. var. of Daphne: 

FiON D. (D. oleoides jioniana^ Cy) 
Red February D. (Z). mezereum 

rubra) 
White February D. (D. mezereum 

alha-\ Cy) 
White Winter D. (Daphne odora 

albat Cy) 
Yellowedge D. (Daphne o. mar- 

ginata] Cy) 



Daphne Daphne 

Alpine D D. alpina 

Balkan D D. blagayana 

Caucasian D. . . . D. caucasica 
February D. . . D. mezereum 
Fion D. (D. oleoides fioni(nt (I j ("y) 

Lilac D D. genkwa 

Mongolian D. ... D. altaica 

Olive D D. oleoides 

Red February D. Hort. var. of 
D. mezereum. 

Rose D D. cneorum 

White February D. (D. meze- 
reum alha] Cy) 
White Winter D. (Daphne odora 
alha] Cy) 

Winter D D. odora 

Yellowedge D. (D. odora mar- 
ginata'\ Cy) 

Daphne Willow. . Salix daphnoides 

DAPHNIPHYLLUM 

macropodum 
Dark Blue Nolana 

Nolana paradoxa 
Dark Red Buckeye (Aesculus pavia 

atrosanguinea\ Cy) 
Darkeye Sunflower 

Helianthus atrorubens 

DARLINGTONIA 

California Pitcherplant 

The common name Pitcherplant is 
applied also to the genera Nepenthes, 
Sarracenia, and Heliamphora. 

calif ornica (Chrysamphora calif or- 
uica Ag) 

California Pitcherplant 
Darwin Barberry Berberis darwini 
Dasheen . . . Colocasia esculenta 

DASYLIRION Sotol 

acrotriche Brushtip S. 

glaucophyllum . . . Blueleaf S. 
graminifolium . . Grassleaf S. 
longissimum {quadrangulatum) 

Square LEAF 8. 

parryi Nolina parryi 

serratifolium Sawtooth Sotol 
wheeleri Wheeler S. 

DASYSTEPHANA . . GENTIANA 



122 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Date 

For varieties of the cultivated Date, the 
fruit of the Date Palm, Phoenix dacty- 
lifera, see American Pomological Socie- 
ty's List of Fruits, in Appendix. 

Chinese D. 

Common Jujube : Zizyphus jujuba 
Date Palm, Date Yucca, etc. See 

Palm, Yucca, etc. 
Dateplum .... Diospyros lotus 
Datil Palm Cocos datil 

DATURA Datura 

arborea Floripondio 

chlorantha Yellow F. 

comigera Horned F. 

fastuosa (cornucopia; humilis) 

Cornucopia F. 
metel .... Hindu Datura 

meteloides Sacred D. 

sanguinea . . Red Floripondio 
suaveolens . . Angel-trumpet 

DAUBENTONIA Ag . SESBANIA 

DAUCUS Carrot 

carota Common C. " 

DAVALLIA Davallia 

bullata Ballfern 

denticulata (elegans) 

fijiensis Fiji Davallia 

pallida (mooreana) 

pentaphylla . . . Fiveblade D. 

tenuifolia . Odontosoria chinensis 
Hort. var. of Davallia : 

Plume D. (Davallia fijiensis plu- 
mosa'\ C3O 
David Astilbe, David Rose, etc. 
See Astilbe, Rose, etc. 

DAVIDIA DOVETREE 

involucrata 
— vilmoriniana 
Davidson Rhododendron 

Rhododendron davidsonianum 
Davis Begonia . . . Begonia davisi 
Dawn Hindu Lotus (Nelumho nu- 

cifera rosea-\ Cy) 
Dawnflower 

Blue D Ipomoea lean 

Dawson Crab, Dawson Hawthorn, 

etc. See Crab, Hawthorn, etc. 

Day Cestrum . . Cestnim diurnum 

BOLD-face^approved scientific names. 



Dayflower Commelina 

Creeping D. . . . C. nudiflora 
Mexican D. . . . C. coelestis 

Dayglow Torchlily ( Kniphofia uva- 
ria grandiflora] Cy) 

Daylily Hemerocallis 

Amur D. . . . H. middendorffi 

Citron D H. citrina 

Dwarf D H. minor 

Early D H. dumortieri 

Florham D. Hort. var. of Hemero- 
callis. 

Golden D H. luteola 

Great Orange D. 

H. aurantiaca major 
Japanese D. . . . H. thunbergi 
KwANSO D, (H.fulva kwanso'\ Cy) 

Lemon D H. flava 

Orange D. . . . H. aurantiaca 
Regel D. Hort. var. of Hemero- 
callis. 
Sovereign D. Hort. var. of Hem- 
erocallis. 
Tawny D H. fulva 

Deadnettle Lamium 

Purple D. . . . L. purpureum 
Spotted D. . . . L. maculatum 

Decaisne Locust (Robinia pseudo- 
acacia decaisneana^ Cy) 

Decken Palm . . Deckenia nobilis 

DECKENIA 
nobilis . . . 



. . Decken Palm 

DECODON .... Waterwillow 
verticillatus ( Nesaea veriicillata) 
Waterwillow 
DECUMARIA 

barbara 
Deerberry . Vaccinium stamineum 
Deerfern . . . Blechnum spicant 
Deerhorn Cactus 

Peniocereus greggi 
Deering Velvetbean 

Stizolobium deeringianum 

DEERINGIA 

baccata (celosioides) 

DEGUELIA DERRIS 

Delavay Honeysuckle, Delavay 
OsMANTHUs, etc. See Honey- 
suckle, Osmanthus, etc. 



7rAhc=synonyms or unapproved names. 



DELAWARE— DENTARIA 



123 



Delaware Hawthorn 

Crataegus apposita 
DELONIX Ag . . . POINCIANA 
DELPHINIUM .... Larkspur 

ajacis Rocket L. 

harlowi Barlow L. 

Hort. var. of D. hybridum. 

brunonianum Musk L. 

cardinale Cardinal L. 

cardiopetalum (D. halteratum Ag) 
Heartpetal Larkspur 
cashmerianum . . Cashmere L. 
caucasicum . . . Caucasian L. 
chinense D. grandiflorum chinense 
consolida . . . Field Larkspur 

elatum Bee L, 

exaltatum Tall L. 

fissum Ag D. hybridum 

fonnosum . . Hardy Larkspur 

See also hort. var. list below. 

grandiflorum . , . Siberian L. 
— chinense .... Slender L. 

See also hort. var. list below. 

halteratum Ag . D. cardiopetalum 
hybridvun (Z>. fissum Ag) 

Mountain Larkspur 

See also hort. var. list below. 

maackianum .... Maack L. 



moerheimei 
nudicaule . 
parryi . . 
speciosum 

sulphureum 
tricome . . 



Moerheim L. 

Orange L. 

. . Parry L. 

Persian L. 

. . . D. zalil 

Rock Larkspur 



zalil (sulphureum) . Yellow L. 
Hort. var. of Larkspur, Delphinium: 
Amos Perry 
Barlow (D. hybridum harlowi] Cy; 

D. harlowi) 
Belladonna 
Brunton {Mr. Brunton) 
Capri 
Carmen 
Diadem 

Duke of Connaught 
Excelsior 
Felicite 
Grille 
Hallgarten 
Julia 



DELPmNIUM (Hort. var.), continued 

King of Delphiniums 
Lamartine 

LiBELLE 

Lizzie 

Madame Violet Geslin 

Minerva 

MUSEA 

Nassau 

NiEDERWALD 

Persimmon 

Seidenspinner 

Skyblue {Delphinium formosum 

coelestinumf Cy) 
Stubbs (Rev. J. J. Stuhhs) 
Tom Thumb 

White Siberian {D. grandiflorum 
alburn] Cy) 
Delta Maidenhair 

Adiantum cuneatum 
DENDRIUM . . LEIOPHYLLUM 
DENDROBIUM 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

DENDROCALAMUS Giant Bamboo 

hamiltoni Hamilton B. 

latiflorus Hemp B. 

membranaceus 

strictus Male B. 

DENDROCHILUM 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

DENDROMECON . . . Treepoppy 
rigidum Treepoppy 

DENDROPANAX 
japonicum 

DENDROPOGON . . TILLANDSIA 

DENNSTEDTIA (SITOLOBIUM) 

CUPFERN 

adiantoides Glossy C. 

cicutaria Common C. 

punctilobula {Dicksonia pilosius- 
cida; Di. punctilobula) 

Hay-scented Fern 

DENTARIA Toothwort 

califomica . . . California T. 

diphylla Crinkleroot 

laciniata . . . Cut Toothwort 

macrocarpa Cascade T. 

tenella Oregon T. 



Small CAPiTALS=approved common names. Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (t) see page I. 



124 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Deodar .... Cedrus deodara 
Golden D. (C. d. aurea'\ Cy) 
Green D. {C. d. viridisf Cy) 
Hardy D. (C. d. verticillata] Cy) 
LoNGLEAF D. (C. d. rohusta\ Cy) 

DERRIS 

scandens (Degiielia timorensis) 

Desert Gum . . Eucalyptus rudis 

Desertcandle .... Eremurus 

Giant D E. robustus 

Himalayan D. E. himalaicus 

Desertwillow . Chilopsis linearis 
White D. Hort. var. of C. linearis 

DESMANTHUS 
illinoensis (Acuan illinoensis Ag) 

DESMAZERIA . . . Spikegrass 
sicula (Brizopyrum siculum) 

Spikegrass 

DESMODIUM . . . TicKCLovER 

bicolor . . . Lespedeza bicolor 

canescens {Meibomia canescens Ag) 

Hoary Tickclover 

gyrans (M. gyrans Ag) 

Telegraph-plant 
japonicum 

Lespedeza formosa albiflora 
penduliflorum . . . . L. formosa 

DEUTZIA Deutzia 

candelabrum-\ Cy . Candelabra D. 

See hort. var. list opposite. 

candidissima . . Snowflake D. 

Hort. var. of D. scabra. 
coryryibiflora 

D. setchuenensis corymbiflora 
cremita . . . . D. scabra crenata 
discolor 
— major 
fortunei .... Fortune Deutzia 

Hort. var. of D. scabra. 

globosa Globe D. 

gracilis Slender D. 

Sof also hort. var. list opposite. 

grandiflora Early D. 

hypoglauca 

kalmiaeflora^ Cy . . . Kalmia D. 

See hort. var. list opposite. 

le)7ioineif Cy . . . Lemoine D. 

See hort. var. list opposite. 

longifolia Longleaf D. 

myriantha\ Cy Cherryblossom D. 
See hort. var. list opposite. 



DEUTZIA, continued 

parviflora . Mongolian Deutzia 
purpurascens .... Redbud D. 

reflexa Curly D. 

scabra Fuzzy D. 

— crenata 

See also hort. var. list below. 

schneideriana . . Schneider D. 
setchuenensis . . . Szechwan D. 
— corymbiflora 

sieboldiana .... Siebold D. 
vilmorinae .... Vilmorin D. 

water eri Waterer D. 

Hort. var. of D. scabra. 

wilsoni 
Hort. var. of Deutzia: 

Avalanche. Hort. var. of Lemoine 

Bellflower {D. rosea campanu- 
lata\ Cy; gracilis campanulata) 

BouLE DE Neige. Hort. var. of 
Lemoine. 

BouLE Rose. Hort. var. of Cherry- 
blossom. 

Candelabra {D. candelabrum^ Cy) 

Carmine (Z). rosea carminea] Cy; 
gracilis carminea) 

Cherryblossom ( D. myriantha] Cy ; 
Lemoine X purpurascens) 

Double Rose {D. scabra plena] Cy) 

Dwarf Lemoine {D. lemoinei 
compacta] Cy) 

Fleur de Pommier. Hort. var. 
of Cherryblossom. 

Fortune {D. scabra fortunei] Cy; 
D. fortunei) 

Kalmia (D. kalmiaeflora] Cy) 

Large Shellpink (Z). rosea grandi- 
flora] Cy) 

Lemoine {D. lemoinei] Cy; gracilis 
Xparviflora) 

Pink Choice (D. rosea eximia] Cy; 
gracilis eximia) 

Pride of Rochester. Hort. var. 
of D. scabra. 

Rose Panicle (Z). rosea] Cy; 
gracilis rosea) 

Shellpink {Deutzia rosea fiori- 
bunda] Cy) 

Snowflake (D. scabra candidis- 
sima] Cy; D. candidissima) 

Waterer {D. scabra watereri] Cy; 
D. watereri) 



DEUTZIA— DIANTHUS 



125 



DEUTZIA (Hort. var.), continued 

White Panicle (Deutzia roma 
ve7iusta] Cy) 
Deutzia Deutzia 

See also hort. var. list on page 124. 

Curly D D. reflexa 

Early D D. grandiflora 

Fuzzy D D. scabra 

Globe D D. globosa 

LoNGLEAF D. . . . D. longifolia 
Mongolian D. . . D. parviflora 
Redbud D. . . D. purpurascens 
Schneider D. . D. schneideriana 
SiEBOLD D. . . . D. sieboldiana 

Slender D D. gracilis 

Szechwan D. . D. setchuenensis 
ViLMORiN D. . . . D. vilmorinae 

Devil Maple . . Acer diabolicum 

Devilsclub Echinopanax horridum 

Devils-pincushion 

Echinocactus texensis 

Devilstongue 

Amorphophallus rivieri 

Devils-walkingstick 

Aralia spinosa 

Dewberry Rubus 

See also Blackberry and Raspberry. 
For horticultural varieties see Dew- 
berry, in American Pomological Soci- 
ety's List of Fruits, in Appendix. 

Brush D. . . Rubus dumetorum 
California D. . . R. vitifolius 
Northern D. . . R. procumbens 

Southern D R. trivialis 

Swamp D R. hispidus 

Dewdrop Begonia {B. carrieri] Cy) 

DIACRIUM . . EPIDENDRUM 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

Diadem Pink (Dianthus chinensis 
diadematus] Cy) 

Diamond Bellflower, Diamond 
Maidenhair, etc. See Bell- 
flower, Maidenhair, etc. 

DiAMONDFLowER lonopsidium acaule 

Diana Arborvitae {Thuja orientalis 
gracilis\ Cy) 

DIANTHUS . . Pink, Carnation 
atrorubens . . D. carthusianorum 
barbatus .... Sweet-william 

caesius Cheddar Pink 

carthusianorum (atrorubens) 

Carthusian P. 



I DIANTHUS, continued 

I caryophyllus 

j Clove Pink, Carnation 

I For horticultural varieties of Carnation 

see the special list on page 12f). 

chinensis .... Chinese Pink 

cruentus Blood P. 

deltoides Maiden P. 

See also hort. var. list below. 

diadematus Diadem P. 

Hort. var. of D. chinensis. 

glacialis Ice P. 

— neglectus 

heddewigi .... Heddewig P. 

Hort. var. of D. chinensis. 

imperialis Imperial P. 

Hort. var. of D. chinensis. 

laciniatus . Fringed Chinese P. 

Hort. var. of D. chinensis. 

latifolius^ Cy Double Cluster P. 

See hort. var. list below. 

marginatus .... Bordered P. 
" neglectus . . D. glacialis neglectus 
plumarius (scoticus) 

{Garden Pink) Grass Pink 

See also hort. var. list below. 

punctatus. A form of D. caryo- 
phyllus. 

scoticus D. plumarius 

seguieri Ragged Pink 

Hort. var. of D. chinensis. 

semperflorens . . Perpetual P. 

Hort. var. of D. plumarius. 

superbus Lilac P. 

Hort. var. of Pink, Dianthus: 

The varieties of Carnation, D. caryo- 
phyllus, are in a special list on page 12(). 

Abbotsford 

Diadem {D. chinensis diadematus] 
Cy; diadematus) 

Double Cluster (Dianthus lati- 
folius't Cy) 

Fringed Chinese (D. chinensis 
laciniatus] Cy; laciniatus) 

Heddewig (D. c. heddewigi] Cy; 
heddewigi) 

Imperial (D. c. imperialis] Cy; 
imperialis) 

Newport 

Perpetual (semperflorens; pluma- 
rius semperflorens) 



126 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



DIANTHUS, Pink (Hort. var.), continued 

Ragged (D. chinensis asperf Cy; 

seguieri) 
White Maiden (deUoides alhus) 
Hort. var. of Carnation, Dianthus 

caryophyllus : 

The American Joint Committee ac- 
knowledges its indebtedness to Prof. 
Edward A. White of the New York 
State College of Agriculture, Cornell 
University, who has compiled the 
following list of Carnation names. 

Abbreviations of Names of 
Originators 

B. & W, Bassett & Washburn 

B. & Sm. Baur & Smith 

B. & St. Baur & Steinkamp 

Bl. Edward Blameuser 

Bren. George Brenkert 

Chi. Chicago Carnation Co. 

Cock. J. D. CockcT-oft 

Cot. Cottage Gardens Co. 

Dail. Dailledouze Bros. 

Din. F. Dinda, Farmingdale, N. Y. 

Dor. Frederick Dorner's Sons 

Eich. Henry Eichholz 

Fish. Peter Fisher 

Frey C. H. Frey 

God. S. T. Goddard 

Gude Gude Bros. 

Hea. Joseph Heacock Co. 

Hes. Henry Hession 

Hill E. G. Hill Co. 
Hill, J. H. Joseph H. Hill Co. 

How. W. D. Howard 

Joy Joy Floral Co. 

Knud. S. Knudsen 

Lei. F. H. Leitch 

L. & W. Littlefield & Wyman 

Mar. L. S. Marquisee 

Pat. Patten & Co. 

Pier. F. R. Pierson 

Pier. I. A. N. Pierson, Inc. 

Rop. A. Roper 

Sak. Joseph Sakswich 

Sch. Brune Schroter 

Sim William Sim 

Skid. S. S. Skidelsky & Co. 

Str. Strout Inc. 

Thom. J. D. Thompson & Co. 

Alice. (Fish. 1914.) 

Alice Coombs. (Rop. 1914.) 

Arawana. (Pier. I. 1919.) 

Aviator. (Thom. 1916.) 

Beacon. (Fish. 1907.) 

Belle Washburn, (B. & W. 

1916.) 
Benora. (Fish. 1912.) 
Bernice. (How. 1919.) 
Bonfire. (Hill 1911.) 



DIANTHUS, Carnation (Hort. var.), cont. 

Cerise Winsor. (Bl. 1916.) 
Champion. (Dor. 1914.) 
Colorado. (Knud. 1916.) 
Commodore. (Hill 1912.) 
Cottage Maid. (Cot. 1915.) 
Crystal White. (Cot. 1916.) 
Democracy. (Gude 1918.) 
Denver. (Bren. 1919.) 
Donald. (Str. 1919.) 
Doris. (God. 1916.) 
Dorothy Gordon. (Hea. 1905.) 
Enchantress. (Fish. 1903.) 
Enchantress Supreme. (Dail. 

1913.) 
Ethel Fisher. (Fish. 1919.) 
Eureka. (Rop. 1914.) 
Fair Harvard. (Hes. 1921.) 
Fairy. (Sim 1920.) 
Gloriosa. (Dor. 1910.) 
Gorgeous. (Fish. 1912.) 
Happy Day. (Dor. 1919.) 
Harlowarden. (Chi. 1903.) 
Herald. (Chi. 1912.) 
Hope Henshaw. (Pier. I. 1921.) 
Laddie. (Dor. 1918.) 
Lassie. (Eich. 1921.) 
Maine Sunshine. (Str. 1919.) 
Matchless. (Cot. 1912.) 
Mayday. (Hill 1911.) 
Merry Christmas. (B. & St. 

1916.) 
Miss Theo. (L. & W. 1915.) 
Morning Glow 

Mrs. C. W. Ward. (Cot. 1910.) 
Mrs. C. W. Ward Improved. (Str. 

1920.) 
Nancy. (Rop. 1914.) 
Nebraska. (Frey 1916.) 
NoRTHPORT. (Cock. 1913.) 
Olive Whitman. (Sak. 1916.) 
Peace. (Din. 1916.) 
Philadelphia Pink. (Skid. 1914.) 
Pink Delight. (Dor. 1908.) 
Pink Supreme. (Lei. 1914.) 
Pocahontas. (B. & Sm. 1911.) 
Pollyanna. (B. & St. 1916.) 
Princess Dagmar. (Pat. 1912.) 
Red Matchless. (Eich. 1921.) 
Red Rosalia. (B. & St. 1921.) 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. IT Alic=synony ms or unapproved names. 



DIANTHUS— DILL 



127 



DIANTHUS, Carnation (Hort. var.), cont. 

Redhead. (Eich. 1921.) 
Rosalia. (Dor. 1917.) 
Rosalind. (Str. 1921.) 
Rose Pink Enchantress. (Sch. 

1906.) 
Rosette. (Dor. 1912.) 
RuFus. (B. & St. 1916.) 
Ruth Baur. (B. & St. 1919.) 
St. Nicholas. (B. & Sm. 1907.) 

SUPERSUPREME. (B. & St. 1921.) 

The Harvester. (B. & St. 1920.) 
The Lark. (God. 1920.) 
Thomas Joy. (Joy 1922.) 
TopsY. (Hill, J. H. 1919.) 
White Benora. (Sim 1920.) 
White Delight. (Str. 1921.) 
White Enchantress. (Mar. 1905.) 
White Perfection. (Dor. 1906.) 
White Wonder. (Dor. 1910.) 
WiNSOR. (Pier. 1905.) 
Yellow Prince. (Dor. 1913.) 

DIASCIA TwiNSPUR 

barberae Rose T. 

DICENTRA 

The name of this genus under the Amer- 
ican Rules is BikukuUa. The names 
Diclytra, Dielytra, Capnorchis, and 
Bicuculla, used by various authors, are 
synonyms of Dicentra. 

canadensis {BikukuUa canadensis 

Ag) Squirrelcorn 

chrysantha {B. chrysantha Ag) 
Golden Eardrops 
cucullaria {B. cucullaria Ag) 

Dutchmans-breeches 
eximia {B. exijnia Ag) 

Fringed Bleedingheart 
formosa (B. formosa Ag) 

Western B. 
spectabilis . . . Bleedingheart 
DICKSONIA 
antarctica 
pilosiuscula 

Dennstedtia punctilobula 
punctilohula . . . D. punctilobula 

DICLYTRA DICENTRA 

DICTAMNUS Gasplant 

albus (fraxinella; Fraxinella alba) 
Gasplant 



Hort. var. of Dictamnus: 

Giant Gasplant (D. alhu^ cau- 
casicus-f Cy) 

Purple G. (D. a. ruberf) 
DICTYOSPERMA 

album (Areca alba) 
DIDISCUS . . . TRACHYMENE 
DIEFFENBACHIA . . Tuftroot 

magnifica 

splendens 

DiELS CoTONE ASTER 

Cotoneaster dielsiana 

DIELYTRA DICENTRA 

DIERVILLA . Bush-honeysuckle 

See Weigela for the large Asiatic group 
classed under Diervilla by the Cyclo- 
pedia and other botanical authorities. 

rivularis 

Georgia Bush-honeysuckle 
sessilifolia . . . Southern B. 
trifida {D. lonicera Cy-Ag) 

Dwarf B. 
' Digger Pine . . Pinus sabiniana 

DIGITALIS Foxglove 

alba .... Common White F. 

Hort. var. of D. purpurea. 

ambigua (grandiflora) . Yellow F. 
gloxiniaeflora . . . Gloxinia F. 

Hort. var. of D. purpurea. 

gloxinioides. Same as preceding 
lanata . . . Grecian Foxglove 

lutea Straw F. 

nio7istrosa . . Double Common F. 

Hort. var. of D. purpurea. 

purpurea Common F. 

See also hort. var. list below. 

sibirica Siberian F. 

Hort. var. of Digitalis: 

Common White Foxglove (Z). 

purpurea alba-\ Cy; alba) 
Double Common F. (D. p. mon- 

strosa'\ Cy; monstrosa) 
Gloxinia F. (D. purpurea glox- 
iniaeflora^ Cy; gloxiniaeflora; 
gloxinioides) 
Leopard F. {purpurea macidata 

superba) 
Spotted F. {purpurea maculata) 
DiGSWELL Begonia {Begonia digs- 

welliana^ Cy) 
Dill .... Anethum graveolens 



Small CAPiTAL8=approved common names. Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (f) see page 1, 



128 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



DILLENIA DiLLENiA 

indica (speciosa) . . . Indian D. 

DIMORPHANTHUS . . . ARALIA 

DIMORPHOTHECA 

Cape-marigold 

annua (D. pliwialis Ag; Calendula 

pliwialis) . . Cape-marigold 

aurantiaca Winter C. 

sinuata Blue-eyed C. 

Hort. var. of Dimorphotheca: 

Double Cape-marigold (Z). annua 
ligulosa] C}^- Calendula pongei) 
Dimplecone Fir 

Abies homolepis umbilicata 
Dingleberry 

Vaccinium erythrocarpum 

DIONAEA .... Venus Flytrap 

muscipula Venus F. 

DIOSCOREA Yam 

alata Winged Y. 

batatas .... Cinnamon-vine 

bulbifera Airpotato 

sativa Common Yam 

villosa 

DIOSMA DiosMA 

ericoides . . Breath-of-heaven 
purpurea . . . Agathosma villosa 

Sometimes misapplied also to A. vente- 
natiana. 

DIOSPYROS .... Persimmon 
kaki . . . . ( Kaki Pom) Kaki P. 

lotus Dateplum 

montana . Mountain Persimmon 
virginiana ..... Common P. 

DIOTIS COTTONWEED 

candidissima . . . Cottonweed 

DIPELTA DiPELTA 

floribunda Rosy D. 

DIPHYLLEIA . . . Umbrellaleaf 
cymosa Umbrellaleaf 

DIPLADENIA .... Dipladenia 
splendens Rose D. 

DIPSACUS Teasel 

fuUonum Fullers T. 

DIRCA Leatherwood 

palustris .... Leatherwood 
DISA 

.See ORCHID GENERA. 



DISOCACTUS 

biformis {Phyllocactus hiformis) 
DISPORUM (PROSARTES) 

Fairybells 
lanuginosum 
Ditch-sunflower 

Bidens trichosperma 
Dittany 

Maryland D. 

Stonemint: Cunila mariana 
Divi-Divi . . . Caesalpinia coriaria 

Dixie Iris Iris hexagona 

DIZYGOTHECA . . False Aralia 

elegantissima (Aralia elegantis- 

^ima) . . Threadleaf Aralia 

kerchoveana {Aralia kerchoveana) 

Kerchove Aralia 

veitchi {A. veitchi) . . Veitch A. 

See also hort. var. list below. 

Hort. var. of Dizygotheca: 

LiNELEAF Aralia (D. veitchi gra- 

cillima Cy; gracilina; Panax 

gracillimum) 
Doan Grape .... Vitis doaniana 
Dock Rumex 

See also Sorrel. 

Canaigre . . . R. hymenosepalus 

Patience D R. patientia 

Spatterdock . Nuphar; N. advena 
Dock Rosinweed 

Silphium terebinthaceum 
DODECATHEON . . Shootingstar 

clevelandi .... Cleveland S. 

hendersoni . . . Henderson S. 

Jeffrey! Jeffrey S. 

meadia Common S. 

radicatum Southern S. 

DODONAEA Hopbush 

cuneata 
Dogbane Apocynum 

Hemp D A. cannabinum 

Spreading D. 

A. androsaemifolium 

Dogbrier Rosa canina 

Dogtail 

Crested D. . Cynosurus cristatus 
Dogtooth Violet 

Troutlily : Erythronium 
Dogwood Comus 

Arnold D. . . (C arnoldianar\ Cy) 

Bailey D C. baileyi 



DOGWOOD— DOUMET 



129 



Dogwood, continued 

Bloodtwig D. . Cornus sanguinea 
BuNCHBERRY . . C. Canadensis 
Colorado D. 

C. stolonifera coloradensis 
Coral D. (C. alba sibirica\ Cy) 
Cornelian-cherry . . . C. mas 
DouBLEFLOWERiNG D. Hort. var. 

of C. florida. 
Evergreen D. . . . C. capitata 
Flowering D. ... C. florida 

Giant D C. contro versa 

GoLDENTwiG D. (C stolonifera 

flaviramea] Cy) 
Gouchault D. (Cornus alba gou- 

chaulti\ Cy) 

Gray D C. paniculata 

Greentwig D. (C sanguinea viri- 

dissi7na-\ Cy) 
Japanese Cornelian-cherry 

C. officinalis 

KousA D C. kousa 

LiTTLELEAF D. . . C. paucinervis 

Pacific D C. nuttalli 

Pagoda D C. alternifolia 

Pale D C. obliqua 

Piebald D. (Cornus sanguinea varie- 

gata\ Cy) 
Redflowering D. (Cornus florida 

rubral Cy) 
Red-osier D. . . . C. stolonifera 
RouGHLEAF D. . . C. asperifolia 

ROUNDLEAF D. ... C. HlgOSa 

Silky D C. amomum 

SiLVERBLOTCH D. Hort. var. of C. 

alba. 
SiLVEREDGE D. (C . alba argenieo- 

marginata] Cy) 
SiLVERMARGiN D. (C . coutroversa 

variegala\ Cy) 
Spaeth D. Hort. var. of C. alba. 

Tatarian D C. alba 

Variegated Cornelian -cherry 

(C. mas aureo-elegantissima] Cy) 
Weeping D. (Cornus florida pen- 

dula\ Cy) 
Dogwood Navelseed 

Omphalodes cornifolia 
DOLICHOLUS Ag . RHYNCHOSIA 

DOLICHOS DoLicHos 

biflorus .... Twinflower D. 



DOLICHOS, continued 

giganleus . Giant Hyacinth-bean 

Hort. var. of D. lablab. 

japonicus . Pueraria thunbergiana 

lablab Hyacinth-bean 

lignosus (D. jacquini Ag) 

Australian-pea 

sesquipedalis . Vigna sesquipedalis 
Hort. var. of Dolichos: 

Giant Hyacinth-bean (lablab gi- 
ganleus; giganleus) 

White Australian-pea (lignosus 
alb us) 

DOMBEYA DoMBtYA 

natalensis (Assonia natalensis Ag; 
Cape-weddingflower 
spectabilis (A. spectabilis Ag) 
wallichi (A. wallichi Ag) 

Scarlet Dombeya 
DOODIA 

aspera Hacksaw Fern 

DORONICUM . . . Leopardbane 
austriacum .... Austrian L. 
caucasicum .... Caucasian L. 

clusi Downy L. 

magnificum . . . Sunflower L. 
plantagineum 
Hort. var. of Doronicum : 

Showy Leopardbane (D. planta- 
gineum excelsum\ Cy) 

DORY ALLS DOVYALIS 

DORYANTHES .... Spearlily 

excelsa Common S. 

palmeri Giant S. 

Dotted Fig, Dotted Gayfeather, 
etc. See Fig, Gayfeather, etc. 
Double Foxglove, Double Ragged- 
robin, etc. See Foxglove, 
Ragged-robin, etc. 

DOUBLEFILE ViBURNUM 

Viburnum tomentosum 

DoUBLEFLOWERING DOGWGOD, DoU- 
BLEFLOWERING PlUM, etC. ScB 

Dogwood, Plum, etc. 
DouBLERAY SuNFLowER (HcHanthus 

annuus calif or nicus] Cy) 
Douglas Coreopsis, Douglas Spirea, 

etc. See Coreopsis, Spii.ea, etc. 
Douglas-fir . Pssudotsugi douglasi 
DouMET Spruce (Picea mariana dou- 

meti] Cy) 



130 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Do V ASTON Yew {Taxus baccata do- 
vastoni] Cy) 

DovETREE Davidia 

DOVYALIS 

caffra {Aberia caffra Cy) Kei-apple 
DowNTON Elm ( Ulmus hollandica 

fendula^ Cy) 
Downy Gentian, Downy Haw- 
thorn, etc. See Gentian, Haw- 
thorn, etc. 

DRABA Whitlowgrass 

aizoides 
dedeana 
fladnizensis {androsacea) Arctic W. 

pyrenaica Rockbeauty 

violacea . Purple Whitlowgrass 
DRACAENA Dracena 

The common name Dracena applies also 
to the allied genus Cordyline. 

arnabilis . . Amabilis Dracena 

Hort. var. of Cordyline terminalis. 

australis C. australis 

ba-piisti . . . Baptiste Dracena 

Hort. var. of Cordyline terminalis. 

deremensis 

draco Dragontree 

fragrans 

See also hort. var. list below. 

godseffiana 

goldieana . . . Goldie Dracena 

imperialis Imperial D. 

Hort. var. of Cordyline terminalis. 

indivisa C. indivisa 

knerki . . . Emerald Dracena 

Hort. var. of D. fragrans. 

lindeni Linden D. 

Hort. var. of D. fragrans. 

massangeana . . . Massange D. 

Hort. var. of D. fragrans. 

rothiana Roth D. 

Hort. var. of D. fragrans. 

sanderiana 

shepherd! Shepherd D. 

terminalis . . Cordyline terminalis 
veitchi .... Veitch Dracena 

Hort. var. of Cordyline australis. 

youngi Cordyline youngi 

Hort. var. of Dracaena: 

Emerald Dracena (D. knerki). 
Hort. var. of D. fragrans. 

BOLD-face=approved scientific names. 



DRACAENA (Hort. var.), continued 

Linden Dracena {Dracaena fra- 
grans lindeni] Cy; lindeni) 
Massange D. {D. fragrans mas- 

sangeana] Cy; massangeana) 
Roth D. (D. rothiana) Hort. var. 
of D. fragrans. 
Dracena . . . Cordyline ; Dracaena 
Amabilis D. Hort. var. of C. ter- 
minalis. 
Baptiste D. Hort. var. of C. 

terminalis. 
Blue D. . . . Cordyline indivisa 

Common D C. terminalis 

Dragontree . . Dracaena draco 
Emerald D. Hort. var. of D. 
fragrans. 

Goldie D D. goldieana 

Green D. . . Cordyline australis 
Imperial D. Hort. var. of C. 

terminalis. 
Linden D. {Dracaena fragrans lin- 
deni] Cy) 
M ASS ange D . {D. fragrans massan- 
geana] Cy) 
Shepherd D. . Dracaena shepherdi 
Veitch D. {Cordyline australis 

veitchi] Cy) 
Youngs D. Hort. var. of C. ter- 
minalis. 
DRACOCEPHALUM . Dragonhead 

The name of this genus under the Amer- 
ican Rules is Moldavica. 

grandiflorum . . Big Dragonhead 
moldavica {Moldavica suaveolens Ag) 
ruyschiana {argunense) 

Siberian Dragonhead 
virginianum Ag 

Physostegia virginiana 
Hort. var. of Dracocephalum : 

Japanese Dragonhead {D. ruys- 
chiana jayonicum] Cy) 

DRACUNCULUS .... Dragon 
vulgaris {Arum dracunculus) 

Common D. 

Dragon Dracunculus 

Common D D. vulgaris 

Snapdragon .... Antirrhinum 

Dragonhead . . . Dracocephalum 
Big D D. grandiflorum 



I T Alic=synonyms or unapproved names. 



DRAGONHEAD— DUSTY-MILLER 



131 



Dragonhead, continued 

False-dragonhead . Physostegia 
Japanese D. (Dracocephalum ruy- 

schiana jayonicum] Cy) 
Siberian D. . . . D. ruyschiana 
Dragonroot . Arisaema dracontium 
Dragontree . . . Dracaena draco 
Drooping Catchfly, Drooping 
Mockoranqe, etc. See Catch- 
fly, MOCKORANGE, etC. 

Dropwort . Filipendula hexapetala 
Double D. {F. h. florepleno Cy) 

DROSERA Sundew 

filiformis .... Threadleaf S. 

longifolia .... Narrowleaf S. 

rotundifolia .... Roundleaf S. 

Drummond Acacia, Drummond 

Phlox, etc. See Acacia, Phlox, 

etc. 

Dryland Blueberry 

Vaccinium vacillans 
DRYOPTERIS .... Woodfern 
acrostichoides 

Polystichum acrostichoides 
bootti {Aspidium bootti) 

BooTT Woodfern 

clintoniana Clinton W. 

cristata {Aspidium cristatum) 

Crested W. 
dentata (D. parasitica Cy; mollis; 
Nephrodium molle) 

Downy Woodfern 
dilatata {Lastrea dilataia) 

Mountain W. 
dryopteris . Dryopteris linnaeana 
filixmas {Aspidium filixmas; Las- 
trea filixmas) . . . Male Fern 
goldiana {A. goldianum) Goldie F. 
hexagonoptera {Phegopteris hexa- 
gonoptera) . Winged Woodfern 
hirtipes {Nephrodium hirtipes) 

Shaggy W. 
intermedia Common W. 

The fronds of this species are commonly 
sold by florists under the name Fancy 
Fern. 

linnaeana {Phegopteris dryopteris 
Cy; Dryopteris dryopteris) 

Oakfern 
marginalis {Aspidium marginale) 
Leather Woodfern 



DRYOPTERIS, continued 

mollis .... Dryopteris dentata 
noveboracensis {Aspidium nove- 
boracense) . . New York Fern 
parasitica Cy . . . . D. dentata 
phegopteris {Phegopteris polypodi- 
oides Cy) . Narrow Beechfern 
spinulosa {Aspidium spinulosum) 

Toothed Woodfern 
thelypteris {A . thelypteris) 

Marshfern 

viridescens . . Glossy Woodfern 

Due d'Anjou Burningbush {Euony- 

mus japonicus viridivariegatus] 

Cy) 

Due Van Thol Tulip 

Tulipa suaveolens 
DUCHESNEA . Mock-strawberry 
indica {Fragaria indica) 

Mock-strawberry 
DuDAiM Melon 

Cucumis melo dudaim 

DUDLEYA DuDLEYA 

pulverulenta 
DuMONT Elm {Ulmus hollandica du- 

monti\ Cy) 
Dunbar Crab . . Malus glaucescens 

DUNEGRASS 

American D. . . . Elymus mollis 

European D E. arenarius 

DuNNETT Lupine . Lupinus dunnetti 

DURANTA Skyflower 

plumieri {D. repens Ag) 

Durmast Oak . Quercus sessiliflora 

DuRRA. Hort. var. of Holcus sor- 
ghum. 

Dusky Pear . . Pyrus phaeocarpa 

Dusty Maple, Dusty Meadowrue, 
etc. See Maple, Meadowrue, 
etc. 

Dusty Don Stonecrop {Sedum brevi- 
folium pottsi] Cy) 

Dusty-miller . Centaurea cineraria 

The name Dusty-miller has been used 
also for Silver Cineraria (Senecio cin- 
eraria), Auricula (Primula auricula), 
Rose Campion (Lychnis coronaria), and 
Beach Wormwood (Artemisia steller- 
iana), but in the opinion of the Joint 
Committee its application should be 
restricted to Centaurea cineraria. 



Small CAPiTALS=approved common names. Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (t) see page 1. 



132 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Dutch Elm, Dutch Malanga, etc. 
See Elm, Malanga, etc. 

DUTCHMANS-BREECHES 

Dicentra cucuUana 
DuTCHMANS-piPE . Adstolochia sipho 
Dwarf Cane, Dwarf Dahlia, etc. 

See Cane, Dahlia, etc. 
Dwarf-dandelion . Krigia virgimca 
Dyers Broom 

Woadwaxen: Genista tinctoria 

Ear 

Cats-ear 

Hypochaeris; H. umflora 
Elephants-ear 

Colocasia esculenta 
Lions-ear . . Leonotis leonurus 
Eardrops 

Golden E. . Dicentra chrysantha 
Eared Coreopsis 

Coreopsis auriculata 
Early Bugloss, Early Colum- 
bine, etc. See Bugloss, Colum- 
bine, etc. 
East Indian Hollyfern, East In- 
dian Polypody, etc. See Holly- 
fern, Polypody, etc. 
Easter Broom, Easter Cactus, etc. 

See Broom, Cactus, etc. 
Easterbells . . Stellaria holostea 
Eastern Pentstemon 

Penstemon hirsutus 

Ebony 

Green-ebony Jacaranda ovalifolia 
Natal-ebony . Maba natalensis 

Ebony Spleenwort 

Asplenium platyneuron 

EcA Rose Rosa ecae 

ECBALLIUM . Squirting-cucumber 

elaterium {Mormordica elaterium) 

Squirting-cucumber 

ECCREMOCARPUS . Gloryflower 
scaber {Calampelis scabra) 

Chilian G. 

ECHEVERIA Echeveria 

agavoides . . . Urbinia agavoides 
secunda (Cotyledon secunda) 

Hort. var. of Echeveria: 

Bronze E. (Echeveria gibbiflora 
metallica^ Cy) 



ECHINACEA (BRAUNERIA) 

Hedgehog-coneflower 
angustifolia 

purpurea (Rudbeckia purpurea) 
— serotina (intermedia) 

ECHINOCACTUS 

beguini . . . Neolloydia beguini 
bicolor Cy . . Thelocactus bicolor 
capricornis Cy 

Astrophytum capricornis 
cornigerus Cy Ferocactus latispinus 
cylindraceus Cy . . F. acanthodes 
denudatus 

Gymnocalycium denudatum 
electracanthus Cy 

Ferocactus melocactiformis 

emoryi Cy F. covillei 

gibbosus Gymnocalycium gibbosum 

grusoni Golden Cactus 

helophorus 
heterochromus 

Thelocactus heterochromus 
hexaedrophorus Cy 

T. hexaedrophorus 
horizonthalonius 

Niggerhead Cactus 
humilis 
ingens 
intertextus Cy 

Echinomastus intertextus 
johnsoni Cy . Ferocactus johnsoni 
krausei 

lecontei Cy F. lecontei 

leninghausei 

Malacocarpus leninghausei 
leucacanthus Cy 

Thelocactus leucacanthus 
longihamatus C\" 

Ferocactus longihamatus 
lophothele . Thelocactus lophothele 
macdoivelli 

Echinomastus macdowelli 
77iammulosus 

Malacocarpus mammulosus 
minusculus . . Rebutia minuscula 
mosti . . . Gymnocalycium mosti 
multiflorus . . . G. multiflorum 
myriostigma Cy 

Astrophytum myriostigma 

ornatus Cy A. ornatum 

ottonis Cy . Malacocarpus ottonis 



ECHINOCACTUS— EGGLEAF 



133 



ECHINOCACTUS, continued 

peninsulae . Ferocactus peninsulae 
pfeifferi Cy . . . . F. glaucescens 

pilosus Cy F. pilosus 

polycephalus 

recurvus Cy F. nobilis 

robustus Cy F. robustus 

scheeri F. scheeri 

schickendantzi 

Gymnocalycium schickendantzi 
schilinzkyanus 

Frailea schilinzkyana 
setispinus Hamatocactus setispinus 
simpsoni . . Pediocactus simpsoni 
submammulosus 

Malacocarpus submammulosus 

tabularis M. tabularis 

texensis . Homalocephala texensis 
turbiniformis 

Strombocactus turbiniformis 
uncinatus Cy Ferocactus uncinatus 
unguispinus 

Echinomastus unguispinus 
whipplei Cy . Ferocactus whipplei 

wislizeni Cy F. wislizeni 

ECHINOCEREUS 
acifer 
baileyi 
berlandieri 
caespitosus 

candicans . . . . E. rigidissimus 
chloranthus 
cinerascens 
coccineus 
conglomeratus 
ctenoides 
dasyacanthus 
dubius 
engelmaimi 
enneacanthus 
fendleri 
knippelianus 

mammillatus (Cereus mammillalus) 
merkeri 
mojavensis 
paucispinus 
pectinatus 
phoeniceus 
polyacanthus 
procumbens 
rigidissimus {candicans) 

Rainbow Cactus 



ECHINOCEREUS, continued 

roemeri 

stramineus 

viridiflorus 

ECHINOCHLOA 

crusgalli edulis {E.frumentacea Cy) 
Japanese Millet 
ECHINOCYSTIS . Mock-cucumber 
lobata {Micrampelis lobata Ag) 

MoCK-CUCUMBER 

ECHINOPANAX 

horridum (Fafsia horrida) 

Devilsclub 
ECHINOMASTUS 

intertextus (Echinocactus intertex- 

tus Cy) ^ 
macdowelli {Echinocactus macdoiv- 

elli) 
unguispinus {Echinocactus ungui- 
spinus) 

ECHINOPS .... Globethistle 
^ bannaticus . . . Hungarian G. 

exaltatus Tall G. 

humilis Low G. 

ritro Steel G. 

sphaerocephalus . . Common G. 
ECHINOPSIS 

eyriesi 

gemmata 

muelleri 

multiplex 

nigricans 

oxygona 

pentlandi 

tubifiora 

ECHIUM 

fastuosum . Pride-of-Madeira 

Edelweiss .... Leontopodium 

Common E L. alpinum 

Siberian E L. sibiricum 

EDGEWORTHIA . . Papertree 
chrysantha {papyrifera) Golden P. 
gardneri India P. 

Edging Lobelia . . Lobelia erinus 

EDWINIA Ag JAMESIA 

Egg Pear .... Pyrus ovoidea 
Eggleaf Pentstemon, Eggleaf Vi- 
burnum, etc. See Pentstemon, 
Viburnum, etc, 



134 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Eggplant 
Common E. . Solanum melongena 
Ethiopian E. . . S. integrifolium 

Egkwtine 

Sweetbrier: Rosa rubiginosa 

EICHHORNIA . Water-hyacinth 
azurea (Piaropus azureus Ag) 

Sawpetal W. 
crassipes (P. crassipes Ag) 

Common W. 

Hort. var. of Eichhomia: 

Rosy Water-hyacinth (E. cras- 
sipes major\ Cy) 

ELAEAGNUS .... Elaeagnus 
angustifolia . . . Russian-olive 

argentea Silverberry 

aurea . Yellowedge Elaeagnus 

Hort. var. of E. pungens. 

longipes {edulis; E. multiflora Cy- 

Ag) . . . Cherry Elaeagnus 

macrophylla . . . Broadleaf E. 

parvifolia Chinese E. 

pungens ..... Thorny E. 
reflexa Bronze E. 

Hort. var. of E. pungens. 

simoni Simon E. 

Hort. var. of E. pungens. 

umbellata Autumn E. 

Hort. var. of Elaeagnus : 

Bronze E. {Elaeagnus pungens 

reflexa] Cy) 
Goldenleaf E. {E . pungens macu- 

lata] Cy) 
Simon E. {E. p. simoni] Cy) 
Yellowedge E. {E. pungens varie- 
gata] Cy) « 

Elaeagnus Elaeagnus 

Autumn E E. umbellata 

Bro.adleaf E. . . E. macrophylla 
Bronze E. {Elaeagnus pungens re- 
flexa] Cy) 

Cherry E E. longipes 

Chinese E E. parviflora 

Goldenleaf E. {E. pungens mac- 

ulata] Cy) 
Russian-oli\te . . E. angustifolia 
Silverberry . . . . E. argentea 
Simon E, {E. pungens simoni] Cy) 
Thorny E E. pimgens 

BOLD-face=approved scientific names. 



Elaeagnus, continued 

Yellowedge E. {Elaeagnus pun- 
variegata] Cy) 



ELAEIS 

guineensis . . African Oil Palm 

ELAEODENDRON {ELAEODEN- 

DRUM Ag) . . . False-olive 
orientale {Aralia chabrieri) 

False-olive 

Elder Sambucus 

Albino E. . S. pubens leucocarpa 
American E. . . S. canadensis 
Blackbead E. , . S. melanocarpa 
Blueberry E. . . S. caerulea 

BoxELDER Acer negundo 

CuTLEAF American E. {Sambucus 

canadensis acutiloha] Cy) 
CuTLEAF European E. {S. nigra 

laciniata] Cy) 
CuTLEAF Red E. {S. racemosa 

laciniata] Cy) 
European E. . . Sambucus nigra 
European Red E. . S. racemosa 
Golden American E. {S. cana- 
densis aurea] Cy) 
Golden European E. {S. nigra 

aurea] Cy) 
GoLDENPLUME E. {S. raccmosa 

plumoso-aurea] Cy) 
Great E. {Sambucus canadensis 

maxima] Cy) 
Greenberry E. {S. canadensis 

chlorocarpa] Cy) 
Pepper-elder 

Peperomia: Peperomia 
Plume E. {Sambucus racemosa 

plumosa] Cy) 
Scarlet E. . . Sambucus pubens 

SiEBOLD E S. sieboldi 

Tartan E. {S. nigra variegata] Cy) 
Tassel E. {Sambucus racemosa 

tenuifolia] Cy) 
Tree E. . S. pubens arborescens 
Elderleaf Watershrub 

Leea sambucina 



Elecampane 
Elephants-ear 



. Inula heleniimi 
Taro: Colocasia esculenta 



7T'.4iic=synonyms or unapproved names. 



ELEUSINE— ELYM US 



135 



ELEUSINE 

barcinonense {E. tristachya Cy) 
coracana . . . African Millet 
ELICHRYSUM . HELICHRYSUM 
ELLEANTHUS 

longibracteatus 
Ellwanger Buckeye, Ellwanger 
Hawthorn, etc. See Buckeye, 
Hawthorn, etc. 

Elm Ulmus 

American E. . . . U. americana 
Belgian E. {Ulmus hollandica bel- 

gicat Cy) 
Blandford E. (U. h. superba'f Cy) 
Bush E. (U. glabra nana-\ Cy) 
Camperdown E. (U. g. camper- 
downif Cy) 

Chinese E U. parvifolia 

CoRKBARK E. (U. foliacea sube- 

rosa] Cy) 
Cornish E. ( U. f. stricta\ Cy) 
Dampier Golden E. {U. f. dam- 

pieri'\ Cy) 
DowNTON E. (U. hollandica pen- 

dula-\ Cy) 
DuMONT E. ( U. h. dumonti^ Cy) 
Dutch E. (JJ.h. major] Cy) 
Dwarf Asiatic E. . . U. pumila 

English E U. campestris 

Exeter E. {Ulmus glabra fastigi- 

atof Cy) 
Fernleaf E. {U. g. crispa] Cy) 
Globe E. {U. foliacea umbracu- 

lifera] Cy) 
Golden American E. ( U. ameri- 
cana aurea] Cy) 
Goldenwillow E. Hort. var. of 
U. campestris. 

Holland E U. hollandica 

Huntingdon E. {U.h. vegetal Cy) 
India-elm . Holoptelea integrifolia 
Italian E. ( U. foliacea italica] Cy) 
Klemmer E. Hort. var. of U. 
hollandica. 

Lock E U. minor 

Manchurian E. . . . U. laciniata 
Monument E. {U. foliacea monu- 
mentalise Cy) 
Purpleleaf English E. ( U. cam- 
pestris purpurea] Cy) 



Elm, continued 

Purpleleaf Scotch E. ( Ulmus 

glabra atropurpurea] Cy) 
Redtwig E. ( U. g. rubra] Cy) 
Rock E. ... Ulmus racemosa 

Russian E U. laevis 

Scotch E U. glabra 

September E. . . . U. serotina 

Slippery E U. fulva 

Smoothleaf E. . . . U. foliacea 
Tabletop E. ( Ulmus glabra pen- 

dula] Cy) 
Tartan E. {Ulmus foliacea varie- 

gata] Cy) 
Three lobe E. {U. glabra grandi- 

dentata] Cy) 
Vanhoutte E. {U. campestris van- • 

houttei] Cy) 
Variegated English E. ( U. c. 

variegata] Cy) 
Weeping American E. ( U. ameri- 
cana pendula] Cy) 
Weeping Smoothleaf E. ( U. 

foliacea pendula] Cy) 
Wentworth Weeping E, {U. cam- 
pestris wentworthi] Cy) 
Wheatley E. ( U. foliacea wheat- 

leyi] Cy) 
Willow E. {U. campestris vimi- 
nalis] Cy) 

Winged E U. alata 

Wrede E. {U . foliacea wredei] Cy) 

Elm Zelkova . . Zelkova ulmoides 

Elmleaf Blackberry, Elmleaf 

Fig, etc. See Blackberry, 

Fig, etc. 

ELODEA Waterweed 

canadensis {Anacharis canadensis; 
Philotria canadensis) 

Waterweed 
Hort. var. of Elodea: 

Giant Waterweed {E. canaden- 
sis gigantea] Cy) 
ELSHOLTZIA 
cristata 
stauntoni 

ELYMUS Wild-rye 

arenarius . European Dunegrass 
giganteus . . Siberian Wild-rye 
mollis . . American Dunegrass 

Abbreviations : (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (t) see page I. 



Small CAPiTALS^approved common names. 



136 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Emerald Araucaria, Emerald Wil- 
low, etc. See Araucaria, Willow, 
etc. 
EMILIA 

flammea {E. sonchifolia Ag; Caca- 
lia coccinea) . . Tasselflower 
Emmel Selaginella 

Selaginella emmeliana 

EMMENANTHE . . Yellowtjells 

penduliflora .... Yellowbells 
EMPETRUM .... Crowberry 

nignim Crowberry 

Em/press-tree Royal 

Paulo wnia: Paulo wnia tomentosa 
ENCELIA 

califomica 

Endive Cichorium endivia 

'Engelmann Creeper, Engelmann 

Rose, etc. See Creeper, Rose, 

etc. 

Engler Abelia . Abelia engleriana 

English Daisy, English Elm, etc. 

See Daisy, Elm, etc. 
ENKIANTHUS . . . Enkianthus 

campanulatus . . . Red vein E. 

perulatus (japonicus) . White E. 

subsessilis Nikko E. 

EOMECON Snowpoppy 

chionantha Snowpoppy 

Epaulette-tree . . . Pterostyrax 

Fragrant E P. hispida 

Little E P. corymbosa 

EPHEDRA Jointfir 

altissima Climbing J. 

distachya Common J. 

EPIBATERIUM Ag . COCCULUS 
EPICATTLEYA 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

EPIDENDRUM 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

EPIGAEA . . . Trailing-arbutus 
repens .... Trailing-arbutus 

EPILOBIUM .... Willow-weed 

angustifolium (Chamaenerion an- 

gustijolium) . Blooming Sally 

hirsutum . . Hairy Willow-weed 

EPIMEDIUM Epimedium 

alpinum Alpine E. 



EPIMEDIUM, continued 

colchicum 

Goldenfleece Epimedium 

Hort. var. of E. pinnatum. 

diphyllum . . Aceranthus diphyllus 

macranthum Longspur Epimedium 

musschianum . . . Japanese E. 

pinnatum Persian E. 

Hort. var. of Epimedium: 

Goldenfleece E. {E. pinnatum col- 
chicum\ Cy) 

Snowy E. {Epimedium macranthum 
niveum] Cy) 

Violet E. {E. m. violaceum\ Cy) 
EPIPACTIS 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

EPIPHRONITIS 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

EPIPHYLLANTHUS 

obtusangulus {Cereus ohtusangulus) 
EPIPHYLLUM 

ackermanni {Phyllocadus acker- 
manni) 

anguliger (P. anguliger) 

crenatum (P. crenatus) 

gaertneri . Schlumbergera gaertneri 

hookeri {Phyllocadus hookeri) 

oxypetalum {latifrons; P. latifrons) 
Broadleaf Cactus 

phyllanthoides (P. phyllanthoides) 

russellianum 

Schlumbergera russelliana 

— gaertneri S. gaertneri 

stenopetalum {Phyllocadus steno- 
petalus) 

striatum (P. stridus) 

truncatum . Zygocactus truncatus 
EQUISETUM Horsetail 

hyemale .... Scouring-rush 

robustum Stout S. 

ERAGROSTIS 

abyssinica Tefp 

japonica {elegans; E. interrupta Cy) 

maxima 

obtusa {Briza geniculata) 

imioloides {E. amabilis Cy; Poa 
amabilis) 

The true E. amabilis is not in culti- 
vation. 

ERANTHIS . . . Winter-aconite 
hyemalis . . . Winter-aconite 
sibirica ....... Dwarf W. 



EREMURUS— ERIOPSIS 



137 



EREMURUS . . . Desertcandle 
himalaicus . . . Himalayan D. 

robustus Giant D. 

turkestanicus 

Erford Begonia {B. erfordi'\ Cy) 

Erfurt Coneflower {Rudbeckia bi- 
color swperba^ Cy) 

ERIA 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

ERIANTHUS 

ravennae .... Ravenna Grass 
ERICA Heath 

camea {herbacei) . . . Spring H. 

See also hort. var. list below. 

ciliaris Fringed H. 

cinerea Twisted H. 

See also hort. var. list below. 

herbacea E. carnea 

hyemalis .... Winter Heath 
mackayi Mackay H. 

See hort. var. list below. 

mediterranea .... Biscay H. 

See also hort. var. list below. 

melanthera . . . Black-eyed H. 
muUiflora grandiflora 

E. ventricosa grandiflora 
persoluta . . . Garland Heath 

See also hort. var. list below. 

stricta Corsican H. 

tetralix Crossleaf H. 

vagans Cornish H. 

See also hort. var. list below. 

ventricosa .... Porcelain H. 
— grandiflora {midtijiora grandi- 
flora) 

vulgaris Calluna vulgaris 

wibnorei'\ Cy . Wilmore Heath 

See hort. var. list below. 

Hort. var. of Erica : 

Darley Heath (mediterranea hy- 
brida; carnea hybrida) 

Mackay H. {mackayi) 

Red Cornish H. (vagans rubra) 

Rosy Garland H. (persoluta rosea) 

Scarlet Twisted H. (E. cinerea 
coccinea] Cy) 

Showy Cornish H. {vagans grandi- 
flora) 

White Cornish H. (E. vagans 
alba-\ Cy) 

White Spring H. (carnea alba) 



ERICA (Hort. var.), continued 

White Twisted Heath (Erica 

cinerea alba^ Cy) 
Wilmore H. (E. wilmorei] Cy; ivil- 

moreana) 
ERIGENIA . Harbinger-of-spring 
bulbosa . . Harbinger-of-spring 

ERIGERON Fleabane 

alpinus Alpine F. 

aurantiacus Orange F. 

bellidifolius . . . . E. pulchellus 
glabellus . . Smooth Fle.\bane 

glaucus Beach- F. 

grandiflorus . Purple Oregon F. 

Hort. var. of E. speciosus, not E. grandi- 
florus of botanists. 

intermedius 

mucronatus (E. karvinskianus Ag; 
Vittadenia triloba) 

Bonytip Fleabane 
multiradiatus . . Himalayan F. 
pulchellus (bellidifolius) 

Poor-robins-plantain 
salsuginosus . Alaska Fleabane 
speciosus (Stenactis speciosa) 

Oregon F. 

See also hort. var. list below. 

umbellatus .... Cluster F. 
Hort. var. of Fleabane, Erigeron: 

FONTAINEBLEU 

Lilac Oregon (Erigeron speciosus 

rosewsf Cy) 
Purple Oregon (E. speciosus 

grandiflorus^ Cy) 
Quakeress 

ERINUS Liver-balsam 

alpinus Alpine L. 

ERIOBOTRYA Loquat 

japonica (Photinia japonica) 

Loquat 

For cultivated varieties see American 
Pomological Society's List of Fruits, in 
Appendix. 

ERIODENDRON CEIBA 

ERIODICTYON 

parryi Nama parryi 

ERIOPHYLLUM 

confertiflorum . Goldenyarrow 

ERIOPSIS 
rutidobulbon 



138 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



ERLANGEA 

tomentosa 
ERODIUM Heronbill 

cicutarium Alfileria 

manescavi . Pyrenees Heronbill 

moschatum Common H. 

ERYNGIUM Eryngo 

alpinum Bluetop E. 

amethystinuin . , . Amethyst E. 

aquaticum {yuccaefolium) 

Button-snakeroot 

coelestinum . . Skyblue Eryngo 

giganteum Stout E. 

hyhridum 

This name is loosely and erroneously 
applied to various garden forms of 
Eryngo. 

maritimum Seaholly 

oliverianum 

planum 

yuccaefolium . . . . E. aquaticum 

Eryngo Eryngivmi 

Amethyst E. . . E. amythystinum 

Bluetop E E. alpinum 

Button-snakeroot . E. aquaticum 

Seaholly E. maritimum 

Skyblue E. . . . E. coelestinum 
Stout E E. giganteum 

ERYSIMUM .... Blistercress 

Some authors maintain that the name 
of this genus under the American Rules 
is Cheirinia. 

asperum . . Rough Blistercress 
— arkansanimi . . . Arkansas B. 
capitatum {grandiflorum) Coast B. 

ochroleucum Turf B. 

perofskianum 
pulchellum 
rupestre 
ERYTHEA 
armata . 
brandegei 
edulis 
elegans . 



Afghan B. 
Rockery B. 
Asiatic B. 
Erythea 
Glaucothea armata 
Brandegee Palm 
. Guadalupe P. 
Dwarf Erythea 
ERYTHRAEA Cy . CENTAURIUM 

ERYTHRINA Coraltree 

arborea Coralbean 

corallodendron . . . Coraltree 

coralloides Coralline 

crista-galli 



ERYTHRINA, continued 

flabelliformis 

Western Coralbean 
ERYTHRONIUM . . . Troutlily 

albidum White T. 

americanum .... Common T. 

calif omicum . . . California T. 

citrinum Lemon T. 

grandiflorum (giganteum) 

Glacierlily 

hartwegi 

hendersoni Henderson Troutlily 

purpurascens .... Sierra T. 

revolutimi . . . Mahogany T. 
ERYTHROXYLON 

coca Cocaine-tree 

Esau Honeysuckle (Lonicera etrusca 

pubescensf Cy) 
ESCALLONIA . . . Escallonia 

leucantha White E. 

montevidensis . . Montevideo E. 

pulverulenta (berteriana) 

rosea Rose E. 

rubra glabriuscula . . . Red E. 

virgata {philippia7ia) 
ESCHSCHOLTZIA 

California-poppy 

calif ornica Common C. 

— crocea (E. crocea Ag) Orange C. 

— douglasi (E. douglasi Ag) 

Douglas C. 

tenuifolia . . . Threadleaf C. 

There are said to be over 100 natural 
forms and garden varieties of California- 
poppy, the names of which will remain 
in confusion until careful field and 
cultural studies are made. 

ESCONTRIA 

chiotilla (Cereus chiotilla) 
Ethiopian Eggplant 

Solanum integrifolium 
Etruscan Honeysuckle 

Lonicera etrusca 
EUBOTRYS Ag . . LEUCOTHOE 
EUCALYPTUS . . . Eucalyptus 

alpina Hilltop E. 

amplifolia 

amygdalina Almond E. 

— angustifolia (linearis) 

angulosa . E. incrassata angulosa 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. 7TAh'c=synonyms or unapproved names. 



EUCALYPTUS— EULALIA 



139 



EUCALYPTUS, continued 

bicolor Blackbox 

bosistoana . Bairnsdale Graybox 

botryoides Banqalay 

cajaputea E. odorata 

calophylla . . Port Gregory Gum 

capitellata 

citriodora . E. maculata citriodora 

dadocalyx Ag . . E. corynocalyx 

coriacea {E. pauciflora Ag) 

Leatherleaf Gum 

comuta Yate-tree 

corynocalyx {E. dadocalyx Ag) 

Sugar Gum 
crebra . . Narrowleaf Ironbark 
diversicolor .... Karri Gum 

ficifolia Scarlet G. 

globulus Blue G. 

See also hort. var. list opposite. 

gomphocephala .... Tooart 
goniocalyx .... Bastardbox 

gunni Cider Gum 

hemiphloia 
incrassata 
— angulosa 

lehmanni Lehmann G. 

leucoxylon . . White Ironbark 

See also hort. var. list opposite. 

longifolia Woollybutt 

longirostris Ag . . . . E. rostrata 
macrorhyncha 

Victoria Stringybark 
maculata .... Spotted Gum 

— citriodora Lemon G. 

melliodora Honey G. 

muelleriana Yellow Stringybark 
obliqua .... Messmate Gum 
occidentalis .... Flat-top G. 
odorata (cajaputea) Peppermint G. 
pauciflora Ag . . . . E. coriacea 

pilularis Blackbutt 

piperita . Tasmanian Stringybark 

polyanthemos Redbox 

punctata . . . Leatherjacket 
resinifera .... Mahogany Gum 

robusta Brown G. 

rostrata (E. longirostris Ag) 

Creek G. 

rudis Desert G. 

siderophloia Broad leaf Ironbark 

Small CAPiTALS=approved common names. 



EUCALYPTUS, continued 

sideroxylon . . . Red Ironbark 

See also hort. var. list below. 

stuartiana Apple Gum 

tereticomis Slaty G. 

yiminalis Manna G. 

virgata Cabbage G. 

Hort. var. of Eucalyptus: 

Bushy Blue Gum (E. globulus 
compactai Cy) 

Pink Ironbark (rosea). Hort. var. 
of E. leucoxylon. 

Purple I. (E. I. purpurea^ Cy) 

Rose I. (E. sideroxylon rosea^ Cy) 
Eucalyptus Eucalyptus 

Almond E E. amygdalina 

Hilltop E . E. alpina 

EUCHARIDIUM 
grandiflorum 

EUCHARIS Amazonlily 

grandiflora (amazonica) 

Great Amazonlily 

EUCHLAENA Teosinte 

mexicana Teosinte 

EUCOMMIA 
ulmoides 

EUGENIA Eugenia 

apiculata (E. luma Ag; Myrtus 

luma) . . . Shortleaf Eugenia 
aromatica (Caryophyllus aromati- 

cus Ag) Clovetree 

australis Ag . . . . E. myrtifolia 
jambolana Cy . . Syzygium cumini 
jambos (Caryophyllus jamhos Ag) 
Malabar-plum 

luma Ag E. apiculata 

micheli E. uniflora 

microphylla 

myrtifolia (E. australis Ag) 

Australian Brush-cherry 
operculata . Syzygium operculatum 
uniflora (micheli) 

(Pitanga Pom) Surinam-cherry 

EULALIA .... MISCANTHUS 
EuLALiA . . . Miscanthus sinensis 

Striped E. (M. s. variegatus] Cy) 



Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (t) 



see page 1. 



140 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



EUONYMUS EuoNYMUS 

In Bailey's Cyclopedia the name of this 
genus is spelled Evonymus and it is 
treated as feminine. The Joint Com- 
mittee, however, has decided to use the 
more familiar spelling Euonymus and to 
treat the name as masculine. 

alatus . . . Winged Euonymus 
— subtriflorus 

americanus Brook E. 

atropurpureus Wahoo 

The name E. atropurpureus is some- 
times misapplied to E. europaeus atro- 
purpureus. 

bungeanus 

WiNTERBERRY EuONYMUS 
See also hort. var. list below. 

carrierei . Glossy Wintercreeper 

Hort. var. of E. radicans. 

europaeus 

European Burningbush 

See also hort. var. list below. 

japonicus .... Evergreen B. 

See also hort. var. list below. 

kewensis . Baby Wintercreeper 

Hort. var. of E. radicans. 

lanceifolius Lanceleaf Euonymus 
latifolius Broadleaf Burningbush 

nanus Dwarf B. 

obovatus . . Running Euonymus 

patens Spreading E. 

radicans .... Wintercreeper 
— acutus .... Sharpleaf W. 
— vegetus Bigleaf W. 

See also hort. var. list below. 

sieboldianus 

The true E. sieboldianus of botanists is 
not in the trade. The plants cultivated 
under this name are E. bungeanus and 
its horticultural variety, the Midwinter 
Euonymus, or E. patens, or E. yedoensis. 

vegetus . . . E. radicans vegetus 

yedoensis . . Yeddo Euonymus 
Hort. var. of Euonymus : 

Baby Wintercreeper {E. radicans 
minimus; kewensis) 

Boxleaf Burningbush {E. japon- 
icus microjphyllus]) 

Due d'Anjou B. {E. j. viridivarie- 
gatus\) 

Dwarf European B. {E. euro- 
paeus nanus]) 

Giltedge B. {E. japonicus aureo- 
marginatus]) 



EUONYMUS (Hort. var.), continued 

Glossy Wintercreeper {Euony- 
mus radicans carrierei]) 

GoLDLEAF Burningbush {E. japon- 
icus aureus]) 

Goldspot B. {E. j. aureovariegatus]) 

Midwinter Euonymus {E. bunge- 
anus semipersistens]) 

Mossy-green Burningbush {ja- 
ponicus compactus viridis) 

Pearledge B. {E. japonicus alho- 
marginatus]) 

Silveredge Wintercreeper {E. 
radicans argenteo-marginatus]) 

SiLVERSPOT Burningbush {japon- 
icus albovariegatus) 

White vein Wintercreeper {E. 
radicans reticulatus]) 

Yelloweye Burningbush {E. ja- 
ponicus mediopictus]) 

EUPATORIUM . . . Eupatorium 
ageratoides . . . E. urticaefolium 
album 
aromaticum 
— melissoides {fraseri) 

Melissa Thoroughwort 
coelestinum {Conoclinium coelesti- 

num) Mistflower 

fraseri . E. aromaticum melissoides 
glechonophyllum {Ageratum con- 
spicuum) . . Chile-ageratum 
lasseauxi {A. lasseauxi; A. rosewm) 
maculaium 

E. purpureum maculatum 
micranthum {weinmannianum) 

Mexican Eupatorium 

perfoliatum Boneset 

purpureum . . . Joe-pye-weed 

— maculatum Rough J. 

serotinum . Late Thoroughwort 
urticaefolium {ageratoides) Snow T. 

Eupatorium Eupatorium 

Boneset E. perfoliatum 

Chile-ageratum 

E. glechonophyllum 
Joe-pye-weed . . . E. purpureum 
Late Thoroughwort E. serotinum 
Melissa T. 

E. aromaticum melissoides 
Mexican E. . . E. micranthum 
Mistflower . . E. coelestinum 



EUPATORIUM— FAGOPYRUM 



141 



EuPATORiuM, continued 

Rough Joe-pye-weed .... Eu- 
patorium purpureum maculatum 

EUPHORBIA Spurge 

corollata .... Flowering S. 
cyparissias .... Cypress S. 
epithymoides (polychroma) 

Cushion S. 

fulgens SCARLETPLUME 

heterophylla . . Painted Spurge 

marginata (variegata) 

Snow-on-the-mountain 

polychroma . . . E. epithjonoides 

pulcherrima Cy-Ag 

Poinsettia pulcherrima 

splendens 
EUPHORIA 

longana (Nephelium longana) 

Longan 
EUPTELEA 

francheti 

polyandra 
Eureka Lily . . Lilium occidentale 
European Alder, European Ash, 

etc. See Alder, Ash, etc. 
EURYA 

japonica (latifolia) 
EUSTOMA 

mssellianum {Lisianthus russeli- 
anus) .... Prairiegentian 

silenifolium . Catchfly-gentian 

EUTOCA PHACELIA 

Evening Campion . . Lychnis alba 
Evening-primrose . . . Oenothera 

See also Sundrops. 

Common E O. biennis 

Drummond E. . . O. drummondi 
Lamarck E. . . O. lamarckiana 
Northern E. . . . O. muricata 

Tufted E O. caespitosa 

White E O. eximia 

Evening-star . Cooperia drummondi 

Everblooming Cherry, Everbloom- 

iNG Honeysuckle, etc. See 

Cherry, Honeysuckle, etc. 

Evergolden Arborvitae (Thuja ori- 

entalis semperaurescens^ Cy) 
Evergreen Bugloss, Evergreen 
Candytuft, etc. See Bugloss, 
Candytuft, etc. 
Evergreen-grape . Cissus capensis 



Everlasting 

Helipterum ; Helichrysum 
Big Winged E. {Ammohium ala- 

lum grandiflorujn] Cy) 
Cluster E. 

Helipterum corymbiflorum 
Cudweed E. 

Helichrysum petiolatum 
Humboldt E. 

Helipterum humboldtianum 
Mangles E. ... H. manglesi 
Pearl E. . Anaphalis margaritacea 
Rose E. . . Helipterum roseum 
Strawflower 

Helichrysum bracteatum 
White E. Hort. var. of Helipterum 

roseum. 
Whiteleaf E. 

Helichrysum angustifolium 
Winged E. . Ammobium alatum 
Everlasting Pea 

Lathyrus grandiflorus 

EVODIA EvoDiA 

danielli 
henryi 
EVONYMUS .... EUONYMUS 
Ewers Stonecrop . Sedum ewersi 
EXACUM 

afiine 
Exeter Elm ( Ulmus glabra fastig- 

iata] Cy) 
ExMOUTH Magnolia {Magnolia gran- 

diflora exoniensis] Cy) 
EXOCHORDA . . . Pearlbush 

giraldi Redbud P. 

— wilsoni Wilson P. 

grandiflora {E. racemosa Cy-Ag-Ar) 
Common Pearlbish 
korolkowi (alberti) Turkestan P. 
macrantha 
ivilsoni .... E. giraldi wilsoni 

F.ABER Rhododendron 

. , . Rhododendron faberi 

FABIANA 

imbricata 
FAGELIA Ag . . . CALCEOLARIA 
FAGOPYRUM . . . Buckwheat 
esculentum (F. vulgare Ag) 

Common B. 
tataricum Kangra B, 



142 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



FAGUS Beech 

americana (Jerruginea; F. grandi- 
folia Cy-Ag) . American Beech 

sieboldi Japanese B. 

sylvatica .... European B. 
Hort. var. of Fagus: 

CuTLEAF Beech (F. sylvatica in- 

dsa] Cy) 
Fernleaf B. {F. s. hetero-phylla] 

Cy; asplenifolia) 
Milton B. (miltonensis) Hort. var. 

of F. sylvatica. 
Purple B. (F. s. -purpurea^ Cy; 

atropurpurea) 
Rivers B. {F. s. riversi] Cy) 
RosEPiNK B. (roseomarginata) Hort. 

var. of F. sylvatica. 
Sawtooth B. (grandidentata) Hort. 

var. of F. sylvatica. 
Tricolor B. (tricolor) Hort. var. 

of F. sylvatica. 
Weeping B. (F. s. pendula\ Cy) 
Weeping Purple B. {F. s. purpu- 
rea pendula Cy) 
Fairy IMariposa, Fairy Primrose, 
etc. See Mariposa, Primrose, 
etc. 

Fairybells Disporum 

Fairytv^\nd . Chamaelirium luteum 
Falconer Bamboo 

Anindinaria falconeri 

Fall-daffodil . . Stembergia lutea 

False Houseleek, False Rampion, 

etc. See Houseleek, Rampion, 

etc. 

False-arborvitae 

Thujopsis dolabrata 

Whitetip F. (T. dolabrata varie- 

gataj Cy) 

False-camomile .... Matricaria 

Double F. (M. inodora plenis- 

siina] Cy) 
Feverfew-camomile 

M. parthenoides 

Scentless F M. inodora 

False-dragonhead . . Physostegia 
Tall Cluster F. 

P. virginiana speciosa 

Virginia F P. virginiana 

White F. (P. virginiana alha^ Cy) 



False-hellebore .... Veratnim 
American F V. viride 

False-indigo Amorpha 

Dwarf-indigo . . A. microphylla 
Indigobush .... A. fniticosa 
Leadplant .... a. canescens 
Mountain-indigo ... A. glabra 
Tennessee-indigo 

A. tennesseensis 

False-olive 

Elaeodendron ; E. orientale 



False-spirea 
Kashmir F. 

LiNDLEY F. 

Starry F. 

Tree-spirea 

Ural F. . 
False-tamarix . 

German F. . . 
Fan Maidenhair 



Sorbaria 

S. aitchisoni 

S. lindleyana 

S. stellipila 

. S. arborea 

S. sorbifolia 

. . . Myricaria 

M. gennanica 

Fan Palm, etc. 



See Maidenhair, Palm, etc. 
Fancy Fern .... Common Wood- 
fern: Dryopteris intermedia 
Fanwort . Cabomba; C. caroliniana 
Purple F. . . C. c. pulcherrima 
Rose F. (C. c. rosaefolia] Cy) 
Farewell-to-spring Godetia amoena 



FARFUGIUM 



. LIGULARIA 



FATSIA Fatsia 

horrida . . Echinopanax horridum 

japonica Fatsia 

papyrifera Tetrapanax papyriferum 
Hort. var. of Fatsia: 

Variegated F. (japonica variegata; 
Aralia japonica variegata) 
Feather 

Gayfeather Liatris 

GoLDENFEATHER (Chrysanthemum 

parthenium aureum] Cy) 
Parrotfeather . . Myriophyllum 
Princesfeather (Amaranthus hy- 
pochondriacus sanguineus] Cy) 
Feather Bamboo, Feather Cocks- 
comb, etc. See Bamboo, Cocks- 
comb, etc. 
Feathered Persian Lilac (Syringa 

persica laciniata] Cy) 
Featherfleece 

Stenanthium robustiim 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. I T Alic=synonyms or unapproved names. 



FEATHERGRASS— FERN 



143 



Feathergrass . . Stipa; S. pennata 

Australian . . S. elegantissima 

Featherleaf Alder (Alnus incana 

pinnatifida] Cy) 
Featherpetal Kalmia ( Kalmia lati- 

folia polypetala'\ Cy) 
Feathertop . Pennisetum villosum 
Feathery Climbing Fern 

Lygodium scandens 
February Daphne 

Daphne mezereum 

FEIJOA Feijoa 

sellowiana Feijoa 

For cultivated varieties of Feijoa see 
American Pomological Society's List 
of Fruits, in Appendix. 

FELICIA Felicia 

amelloides (Agathaea amelloides Ag; 
A. coelesHs) . . Blue Felicia 

Feltfern Cyclophorus 

Crested F. (Cyclophorus lingua 
corymhifera'f Cy) 

Japanese F C. lingua 

Felty Lilac . . Syringa tomentella 
Fendler Lipfern, Fendler Rose, 
etc. See Lipfern, Rose, etc. 

Fennel Foeniculum 

Common F F. vulgare 

Florence F. (F. v. dulce^ Cy) 
Giantfennel . Ferula communis 
Italian F. (Foeniculum vulgare 
piperitum\ Cy) 

FENZLIA GILIA 

Fern 
Adderstongue . . Ophioglossum 

Common A. . . . O. vulgatum 
Asparagus-fern .... Fern As- 
paragus : Asparagus plumosus 
Ballfern .... Davallia bullata 
Bamboo F. Coniogramme japonica 
Basket F. . Nephrolepis pectinata 
Beechfern 

Narrow B. 

Dryopteris phegopteris 
Birdsnest F. . Asplenium nidus 
Bladderfern . , . Cystopteris 

Berry B C. bulbifera 

Blechnum Blechnum 

Brazilian B. . B. brasiliense 



Fern, continued 

Boston F Nephro- 
lepis exaltata bostoniensis 

For the varieties of Boston Fern aee 
Nephrolepis, page 292. 

Bracken Pteridium ; P. aquilinum 

Brake Pteris 

Australian B. . . P. tremula 
Childs B. Hort. var. of P. 

cretica. 
Crested Spider B. Hort. var. 

of P. multifida. 
Cretan Brake . . Pteris cretica 
Mays B. (P. cretica niayi] Cy) 
MooRES B. Hort. var. of An- 

opteris hexagona. 
OuvRARD B. Hort. var. of 

Pteris multifida. 
Ribbon B. (P. cretica alboline- 

atof Cy) 
Riverton B. Hort. var. of P. 

cretica. 
SiEBOLD B. Hort. var. of P. 

ensiformis. 
Silver B. (P. quadriaurita ar- 
gyraea\ Cy) 

Spider B P. multifida 

Sword B P. ensiformis 

Tall Cretan B. Hort. var. of 

P. cretica. 
Victoria B. (P. ensiformis vic- 

toriae\ Cy) 
Wilson B. (Pteris cretica wil- 

soni] Cy) 
WiMSETT B. Hort. var. of P. 
cretica. 
Brittle Fern . Cystopteris fragilis 
Chainfern 

Woodwardia ; W. areolata 

European C. . . W. radicans 

Giant C. . . . W. chamissoi 

Virginia C. . . . W. virginica 

Christmas F. 

Polystichum acrostichoides 

CiBOTiUM Cibotium 

Mexican C. . . . C. schiedei 

Royal C C. regale 

Cinnamon F. 

Osmunda cinnamomea 

Clawfern Onychium 

Japanese C. . . O. japonicum 



Small CAPiTALS=approved common names. Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (f) see page 1 . 



144 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Fern, continued 

Cliffbrake Pellaea 

Australian C. . . P. falcata 

Green C P. viridis 

Purple C. . P. atropurpurea 

Climbing F Lygodium 

Feathery C. F. . L. scandens 
Japanese C. F. . L. japonicum 

CuPFERN Dennstedtia 

Common C. . . . D, cicutaria 
Glossy C. . . D. adiantoides 

Davallia Davallia 

Fiji D D. fijiensis 

FivEBLADE D. . D. pentaphylla 
Plume D. {Davallia fijiensis 
plumosa\ Cy) 

Deerfern . . Blechnum spicant 

Fancy F Common Wood- 
fern: Dryopteris intermedia 

Feltfern .... Cyclophorus 
Crested F. (C. lingua corym- 

hifera\ Cy) 
Japanese F C. lingua 

GoLDFERN . . . Pityrogiamma 
California G. . P. triangularis 
Jamaica G. . . . P. sulphurea 

GoLDiE F. . . Dryopteris goldiana 

Grapefern Botrychium 

Broadleaf G. . B. matricariae 
CuTLEAF G. . . . B. dissectum 

Hacksaw F. . . Doodia aspera 

Hartford F. Lygodium palmatum 

Hartstongue 

Phyllitis scolopendrium 

Hay-scented F. 

Dennstedtia punctilobula 

HoLLYFERN . . . Polystichum 

Braun H P. brauni 

East Indian H. . P. aristatum 

Giant H P. munitum 

House H. . Cyrtomium falcatum 
Japanese H. Polystichum varium 
Mountain H. . . P. lonchitis 
TsusiMA H. . . P. tsussimense 

Interrupted F. 

Osmunda claytoniana 

Lady F. . . Ath5rrium filixfemina 

Leather F. 

Polystichum adiantiforme 

Licorice F. Polypodium glycyrrhiza 



Fern, continued 

Lipfern Cheilanthes 

Coville L C. covillei 

Fendler L C. fendleri 

Woolly L. . . . C. tomentosa 
Maidenhair .... Adiantum 
American M. . . . A. pedatum 
Australian M. . A. fonnosum 
Barbados M. Hort. var. of A. 

tenerum . 
Bause M. Hort. var. of A. 

tenerum. 
Bermuda M. ... A. bellum 
Crowe M. {A. cuneatum crow- 

eanum'\ Cy) 
Delta M. ... A. cuneatum 
Diamond M. .A. trapeziforme 

Fan M A. tenerum 

Mist M. . . . A. gracillimum 
Peruvian M. . . .A. wagneri 
Rosy M. Hort. var. of A. 

tenerum. 
Southern M. A. capillus-veneris 
St. Catharine M. Hort. var. 

of A. trapeziforme. 
Tassel M. (A. cuneatum grandi- 

ceps-\ Cy) 

Trailing M. . . A. caudatum 

Walking M. . . A. limulatum 

Male F. . . Dryopteris filixmas 

Marshfern . . . . D. thelypteris 

New York F. D. noveboracensis 

Oakfern D. linnaeana 

Ostrich F. . . Pteretis nodulosa 
Pierson F Pier- 
son variety of Boston Fern. 
Podfern . Cheilanthes siliquosa 

Polypody Polypodium 

Ashleaf p. . P. fraxinifoliimi 

Common P P. vulgare 

East Indian P. P. phymatodes 

Golden P P. aureum 

Jointed P. P. subatiriculatum 
Knight P. Hort. var. of P. 

subauriculatum. 
Lows P. Hort. var. of P. aureum 
Manda p. Hort. var. of P. 
aureum. 

Nipple P P. percussum 

Rattlesnake F. 

Botrychium virginianum 



FERN— FERN GENERA 



145 



Fern, continued 

Resurrection F. 

Polypodium polypodioides 
RocHFORD F. Hort. var. of Cyrto- 

mium falcatum. 
RocKBRAKE . . . Cryptogramma 
American R. C. acrostichoides 

Slender R C. stelleri 

Royal Fern . . Osmunda regalis 

Slender R. F. Hort. var. of O. 

regalis. 

Sago F. Cyathea medullaris 

Sawfern . Blechnum serrulatum 

Scythian Lamb Cibotium barometz 

Sensitive F. . Onoclea sensibilis 

Silver Fern Pityrogramma tartarea 

Spleenwort .... Asplenium 

Ebony S. . . . A. platyneuron 

Goring S. Athyrium goringianum 

Maidenhair S. 

Asplenium trlchomanes 
Mother S. . . A. bulbiferum 
Narrowleaf S. 

Athyrium pycnocarpon 

Silvery S. . .A. thelypteroides 

Staghorn F. ... Alcicornium 

Common S. F. . A. bifurcatum 

Java S. F. . . . A. willincki 

Triangle S. F. . A. stemaria 

Strapfern . Polypodium phyllitidis 

Strawberry F. Hemionitis palmata 

Sweetfern Comptonia asplenifolia 

SwoRDFERN .... Nephrolcpis 

Common S. . . . N. exaltata 

Treefern . . Alsophila; Cyathea 

Australian T. 

Alsophila australis 
Walking F. 

Camptosorus rhizophyllus 
Waterfern .... Ceratopteris 

Woodfern Dryopteris 

Boott W D. bootti 

Clinton W. . . D. clintoniana 
Common W. . . D. intermedia 
Crested W. ... D. cristata 

Downy W D. dentata 

Glossy W. . . D. viridescens 
Leather W. . D. marginalis 
Mountain W. . . . D. dilatata 

Shaggy W D. hirtipes 

Toothed W. . . D. spinulosa 
Winged W. . D. hexagonoptera 



Fern, continued 

WooDsiA Woodsia 

Common W. . . . . W. obtusa 
Rocky Mountain W. 

W. scopulina 

Rusty W W. ilvensis 

Fern Asparagus, Fern Bamboo, etc. 
See Asparagus, Bamboo, etc. 

FERN GENERA 

For convenience of reference the gen- 
era, species, and varieties of Fern are 
here brought together in one consoli- 
dated list. 

ADIANTUM . . . Maidenhair 

aemulum A. cuneatum 

hausei .... Bause Maidenhair 

Hort. var. of A. tenerum. 

bellum Bermuda M. 

capillus-veneris (fergusoni) 

fc'OUTHERN M. 

caudatum Trailing M. 

croweanum Crowe M. 

Hort. var. of A. cuneatum. 

cuneatum {aemulum; hyhridum; 
mundulum) 

Delta Maidenhair 

See also hort. var. list below. 

farleyense Cy . . . Barbados M. 

Hort. var. of A. tenerum. 

fergusoni ... A. capillus-veneris 
formosum 

Australian Maidenhair 

gracillimum Mist M. 

hyhridum A. cuneatum 

lunulatum . Walking Maidenhair 

mundulum A. cuneatum 

pedatum . x4.merican Maidenhair 
rhodophyllum Rosy M. 

Hort. var. of A. tenerum. 
sane t ae-catharina e 

St. Catharine M. 

Hort. var. of A. trapeziforme. 

tenerum (scutum) . . . Fan M. 

See also hort. var. list below. 

trapeziforme . . . Diamond M. 

See also hort. var. list below. 

wagneri {weigandi) . Peruvian M. 
Hort. var. of Adiantum: 

Bause Maidenhair (bausei). Hort. 

var. of A. tenerum. 
Crowe M. (Adiantum cuneatum 
croweanum] Cy) 



146 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



FERN GENERA (ADIANTUM, Hort. var.), 
continued 

Rosy Maidenhair (rhodophyllum) 

Hort. var. of A. tenerum. 
St. Catharine M. (sanctae-cath- 

arinae) Hort. var. of Adiantum 

trapeziforme. 
Tassel M. {Adiantum cuneatum 

grandiceps] Cy) 

ALCICORNIUM 

Staghorn Fern 
bifurcatum {Platy cerium alcicorne 

Cy) . Common Staghorn Fern 
stemaria (P. aethiopicum Cy; P. 

stemmaria) 

Triangle Staghorn Fern 
willincki (P. willincki Cy) 

Java Staghorn F. 

ALSOPHILA . . . Tree FERN 
australis .... Australian T. 
glauca (dealbata) 

ANCHISTEA WOODWARDIA 

ANGIOPTERIS 
evecta 

ANOPTERIS 
hexagona (Pteris heterophylla Cy) 
Hort. var. of Anopteris: 

MooRES Brake (P. heterophylla 

internata Cy) 

ASPIDIUM 
acrostichoides 

Polystichum acrostichoides 

aculeatum P. aculeatum 

bootti Dryopteris bootti 

hrauni . . . Polystichum brauni 
cristatum . . Dryopteris cristata 

filixmas D. filixmas 

goldianum D. goldiana 

marginale D. marginalis 

munitum . Polystichum mimitum 
noveboracense 

Dryopteris noveboracensis 
spinidosum . . . . D. spinulosa 

thelypteris D. thel3rpteris 

tsussimense 

Polystichum tsussimense 

ASPLENIUM . . Spleenwort 
acrostichoides Cy 

Athyriimi thelypteroides 



FERN GENERA (ASPLENIUM), cont. 

angustifolium Cy 

Athyrium pycnocarpon 

bulbiferum . Mother Spleenwort 

ebeneum . . Asplenium platyneuron 

filixfemina Cy Athyrium filixf emina 

goringianum Cy . A. goringianum 

longissimum 

nidus (nidus-avis) Birdsnest Fern 

platyneuron (ebeneum) 

Ebony Spleenwort 

pycnocarpon Athyrium pycnocarpon 

thelypteroides . . A. thelypteroides 

trichomanes 

Maidenhair Spleenwort 

viviparum 
ATHYRIUM 

filixfemina (Asplenium filixfem- 
ina Cy) Lady Fern 

goringianimi (Asplenium goringia- 
num Cy) . Goring Spleenwort 

pycnocarpon (Asplenium, angusti- 
folium Cy; As. pycnocarpon) 
Narrowleaf Spleenwort 

thelypteroides (Asplenium acrosti- 
choides Cy; As. thelypteroides) 

Silvery Spleenwort 
BLECHNUM . . . Blechnum 

brasiliense .... Brazilian B. 

moorei (Lomaria ciliata) 

occidentale 

serrulatum Sawfern 

spicant (Lomaria spicant) 

Deerfern 
BOTRYCHIUM . . Grapefern 

dissectum Cutleaf G. 

matricariae . . . Broadleaf G. 

obliquum 

ternatum B. obliquum 

The true B. ternatum of botanists is 
not in the trade. 

virginianum (virginicum) 

Rattlesnake Fern 
CAMPTOSORUS 

Walking Fern 
rhizophyllus .... Walking F. 
CERATOPTERIS Waterfern 
pteridoides 

CEROPTERIS Cy 

PITYROGRAMMA 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. I T Alic=aynonym3 or unapproved names. 



FERN GENERA 



147 



FERN GENERA, continued 

CHEILANTHES . . . Lipfern 

covillei CoviLLE L. 

fendleri Fendler L. 

siliquosa {Pellaea densa Cy) 

PODFERN 

tomentosa . . Woolly Lipfern 
CIBOTIUM (CYBOTIUM) 

ClBOTIUM 

barometz . . . Scythian Lamb 
regale .... Royal Cibotium 

schiedei Mexican C. 

CONIOGRAMME 
japonica .... Bamboo Fern 

CRYPTOGRAMMA 

ROCKBRAKE 

acrostichoides . . American R. 
stelleri {Pellaea gracilis) 

Slender R. 

CYATHEA .... Treefern 
meduUaris .... Sago Fern 

CYBOTIUM . . . CIBOTIUM 

CYCLOPHORUS . . Feltfern 
lingua (Niphobolus lingua) 

Japanese F. 
Hort. var. of C. lingua: 

Crested Feltfern (C. I. corymbi- 

fera^ Cy) 

CYRTOMIUM 
falcatum . . House Hollyfern 
Hort. var. of C. falcatum: 

Dwarf Rochford Fern {rochford- 

ianum compacturn) 
Rochford F. (rochfordiamim) 

CYSTOPTERIS . Bladderfern 
bulbifera (Filix bulhifera) Berry B. 
fragilis (F. fragilis) Brittle Fern 

DAVALLIA .... Davallia 

buUata Ballfern 

denticulata (elegans) 
fijiensis .... Fiji Davallia 
pallida (mooreana) 
pentaphylla . . . Fiveblade D. 
tenuifolia . Odontosoria chinensis 
Hort. var. of Davallia: 

Plume D. {Davallia fijiensis plu- 

mosa'\ Cy) 



FERN GENERA, continued 

DENNSTEDTIA {SITOLO- 

BIUM) Cupfern 

adiantoides Glossy C. 

cicutaria Common C. 

punctilobula {Dicksonia pilosius- 
cula; Di. punctilobula) 

Hay-scented Fern 

DICKSONIA 
antarctica 
pilosiuscula 

Dennstedtia punctilobula 
punctilobula . . . D. punctilobula 

DOODIA 

aspera Hacksaw Fern 

DRYOPTERIS . . Woodfern 

acrostichoides 

Polystichum acrostichoides 
bootti {Aspidium bootti) 

Boott Woodfern 
clintoniana .... Clinton W. 
' cristata {Aspidium cristatum) 

Crested W. 
dentata {D. parasitica Cy; mollis; 
Nephrodium molle) 

Downy Woodfern 
dilatata {Lastrea dilatata) 

Mountain W. 

dryopteris D. linnaeana 

filixmas {Aspidium filixmas; Las- 
trea filixmas) . . Male Fern 
goldiana (A. goldianum) Goldie F. 
hexagonoptera {Phegopteris hexa- 
gonoptera) . Winged Woodfern 
hirtipes {Nephrodium hirtipes) 

Shaggy W. 
intermedia .... Common W. 

The fronds of this species are commonly 
sold by florists under the name Fancy 
Fern. 

linnaeana {Phegopteris dryopteris 
Cy; Dryopteris dryopteris) 

Oakfern 
marginalis {Aspidium marginale) 

Leather Woodfern 

mollis D. dentata 

noveboracensis {Aspidium nove- 

boracense) . . New York Fern 

parasitica Cy . . . . D. dentata 

Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (t) see page I. 



Small CAPiTALS=approved common names. 



148 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



FERN GENERA (DRYOPTERIS), cont. 

phegopteris {Phegopteris polypodi- 

oides Cy) . Narrow Beechfern 
spinulosa (Aspidium spinulosum) 

Toothed Woodfern 
thelypteris (A. thelijpteris) 

Marshfern 
viridescens . . Glossy Woodfern 

FILIX .... CYSTOPTERIS 

GONIOPHLEBIUM 

POLYPODIUM 

GYMNOGRAMMA 

PITYROGRAMMA 

HEMIONITIS 
palmata . . Strawberry Fern 

LASTREA (LASTRAEA) 
aristata . . Polystichum aristatum 
dilatata . . . Dryopteris dilatata 
filixmas D. filixmas 

LOMARIA . . . BLECHNUM 

LORINSERIA 

WOODWARDIA 

LYGODIUM . Climbing Fern 
japonicum Japanese Clevibing F. 

palmatum Hartford F. 

scandens . Feathery Climbing F. 

MATTEUCCIA . PTERETIS 

NEPHRODIUM DRYOPTERIS 

NEPHROLEPIS . . Swordfern 
acuminata (davallioides) 
biserrata (acuta) 
— furcans (davallioides furcans) 
cordifolia (cordata; tuherosa) 
— compacta 

— plumosa (tuherosa pluinosa) 
— tesselata 

duffi (A^ cordifolia duffi Cy) 
exaltata . . Common Swordfern 
— bostoniensis . . Boston Fern 

For the varieties of Boston Fern see Ne- 
phrolepis, page 292. 

pectinata Basket Fern 

NIPHOBOLUS 

CYCLOPHORUS 
ODONTOSORIA 

chinensis (Davallia tenuifolia) 

ON9CLEA 
sensibilis . . . Sensitive Fern 
struthiopteris . . Pteretis nodulosa 



FERN GENERA, continued 

ONYCHIUM . . . Clawfern 
japonicum .... Japanese C. 
OPHIOGLOSSUM 

Adderstongue 

vulgatum Common A. 

OSMUNDA 
cinnamomea . . Cinnamon Fern 
claytoniana . . Interrupted F. 

regalis Royal F. 

Hort. var. of O. regalis: 

Slent)Er Royal Fern (gracilis) 

PELLAEA . . . Cliffbrake 
atropurpurea .... Purple C. 
densa Cy . . Cheilanthes siliquosa 
falcata . Australian Cliffbrake 
gracilis . . Cryptogramma stelleri 
viridis (Pteris adiantoides) 

Green Cliffbrake 
PHEGOPTERIS Cy 

DRYOPTERIS 
PHLEBODIUM Cv 

POLYPODIUM 
PHYLLITIS 
scolopendrium (Scolopendrium vul- 

gare) Hartstongue 

PHYMATODESCy 

POLYPODIUM 
PITYROGRAMMA . Goldfern 
sulphurea (Cero pteris sulphurea Cy ; 
Gymnogramma sulphurea) 

Jamaica Goldfern 
tartarea (C. tartarea Cy) 

Silver Fern 
triangularis (C. triangularis Cy) 

California Goldfern 
PLATYCERIUM Cy 

ALCICORNIUM 
POLYPODIUM . . Polypody 
aureum (Phlebodium aureum Cy) 

Golden Polypody 

See also hort. var. list on page 149. 

falcatum Cy . . . P. glycyrrhiza 
fraxinifolium . Ashleaf Polypody 
glauco-prainsitum(Phymatodesglau- 

cum Cy; Poly podium glaucum) 
glycyrrhiza (P. falcatum Cy) 

Licorice Fern 
incanum. ... P. polypodioides 
percussum . . . Nipple Polypody 



FERN GENERA 



149 



FERN GENERA (POLYPODIUM), cont. 

phyllitidis Strapfern 

phymatodes East Indian Polypody 
polypodioides (incanum) 

Resurrection Fern 

subauriculatum (Goniophlebium sub- 

auriculatum) Jointed Polypody 

See also hort. var. list below. 

vulgare Common P. 

Hort. var. of Polypodium: 

Knight Polypody (knightiae) . Hort. 

var. of P. subauriculatum 
Lows P. (lowi) Hort. var. of P. 

aureum. 
Manda p. (inandaianum) Hort. 

var. of P. aureum. 

POLYSTICHUM . Hollyfern 

acrostichoides (Aspidiufn acrosti- 

choides; Dryopteris acrostichoides) 

Christmas Fern 

aculeatum (including angulare Cy; 

A. aculeatum) 
adiantiforme {P. capense Cy; coria- 
ceiim) .... Leather Fern 
aristatum (Lastrea aristata) 

East Indian Hollyfern 
brauni (Aspidium hrauni) 

Braun H. 
lobatum 

lonchitis ..... Mountain H. 
munitum {Aspidium munitum) 

Giant H. 
tsussimense {A. tsussimense) 

TsusiMA H. 
varium Japanese H. 

PTERETIS 
nodulosa {Matteuccia struthiopteris 

Cy; Onoclea struthiopteris) 

Ostrich Fern 

PTERIDIUM . . . Bracken 
aquilinum {Pteris aquilina) 

Bracken 

PTERIS Brake 

adiantoides . . . Pellaea viridis 
aquilina . . . Pteridium aquilinum 
argijraea Striped Brake 

Hort. var. of Pteris quadriaurita. 

childsi Childs B. 

Hort. var. of P. cretica. 

cretica Cretan B. 

See also hort. var. list opposite. 



FERN GENERA (PTERIS), continued 

ensiformis .... Sword Brake 

See also hort. var. list below. 

heterophylla . . Anopteris hexagona 
internata Moores Brake 

Hort. var. of A-nopteris hexagona. 

longifolia 

mayi Mays B. 

Hort. var. of P. cretica. 

multifida (P. serrulata Cy) 

Spider B. 

See also hort. var. list below. 

nobilis .... Tall Cretan" B. 

Hort. var. of P. cretica. 

ouvrardi Ouvrard B. 

Hort. var. of P. multifida. 

quadriaurita 

See also hort. var. list below. 
rivertonia7ia .... Riverton B. 
Hort. var. of P. cretica. 

serridata Cy . . . . P. multifida 
sieboldi Siebold Brake 

Hort. var. of P. cretica. 

tremula .... Australian B. 

tripartita 

victoriae Victoria B. 

Hort. var. of P. ensiformis. 

wilsoni Wilson B. 

Hort. var. of P. cretica. 

ivimsetti Wimsett B. 

Hort. var. of P. cretica. 

Hort. var. of Pteris: 
Childs Brake (childsi). Hort. var. 

of P. cretica. 
Crested Spider B. (cristata) Hort. 

var. of P. multifida. 
Mays B. (P. cretica 7nayi\ Cy) 
Ouvrard B. {ouvrardi) Hort. var. 

of P. multifida. 
Ribbon B. {Pteris cretica alboline- 

ata\ Cy) 
Riverton B. {rivertoniana) Hort. 

var. of P. cretica. 
Siebold B. {sieboldi) Hort. var. of 

P. ensiformis. 
Silver B. (P. quadriaurita argy- 

raea-\ Cy) 
Tall Cretan B. {nobilis) Hort. 

var. of P. cretica. 
Victoria B. (P. ensiformis vic- 
toriae] Cy) 



150 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



FERN GENERA (PTERIS, Hort. var.), cont. 
Wilson Brake {Pteris cretica wil~ 

sonir\ Cy) 
WiMSETT B. (winisetti) Hort. var. 
of P. cretica. 
SCOLOPENDRIUM 

PHYLLITIS 

SITOLOBIUM 

DENNSTEDTIA 

WOODSIA .... WooDsiA 

ilvensis Rusty W. 

obtusa Common W. 

scopulina . Rocky Mountain W. 

WOODWARDIA . Chainfern 
areolata {angustifolia; Loririseria 

areolata) Chainfern 

chamissoi Giant C. 

radicans European C. 

virginica {Anchistea virginica) 

Virginia C. 
Fernando Hollygrape 

Mahonia nevini 
Fernleaf Beech, Fernleaf Maple, 

etc. See Beech, Maple, etc. 
Fernspray Retinospora {Chamaecy- 
-paris obtusa filicoides^ Cy) 

FEROCACTUS 

acanthodes (Echinocadus cylindra- 

ceus Cy) 
covillei {E. emoryi Cy) 

SoNORA Water Cactus 
glaucescens {E. pfeifferi Cy) 
johnsoni {E.johnsoni Cy) 

Beehive C. 
latispinus {E. cornigerus Cy) 
lecontei {E. lecontei Cy) 
longihamatus {E. longihamatus Cy) 
melocactiformis {Echinocadus elec- 

tracanthus Cy) 
nobilis (E. recurvus Cy) 
peninsulae {E. peninsulae) 
pilosus {E. pilosus Cy) 
robustus (E. rohustus Cy) 
scheeri {E. scheeri) 
uncinatus {E. uncinatus Cy) 

Fishhook Cactus 
Whipple! (E. whipplei Cy) 
wislizeni {E. wislizeni Cy) 

Arizona Water C. 



FERULA 

communis . . . Giantfennel 

Fescue Festuca 

Blue F F. glauca 

Chewings F. Hort. var. of F. 
rubra. 

Hair F F. capillata 

Hard F F. duriuscula 

Meadow F F. elatior 

Red F F. rubra 

Shade F F. heterophylla 

Sheep F F. ovina 

FESTUCA Fescue 

capillata (tenuifolia) . . Hair F. 

duriuscula Hard F. 

elatior (pratensis) . Meadow F. 

glauca Blue F. 

heterophylla .... Shade F. 

ovina Sheep F. 

rubra Red F. 

Hort. var. of Festuca: 

Chewings Fescue. Hort. var. of 
F. rubra. 
Feterita. Hort. var. of Holcus 

sorghum. 
Fetters ush .... Pieris lucida 
Feverfew 

Chrysanthemum parthenimn 
Feverfew-camomile 

Matricaria parthenoides 
Fickle Sunrose ( Helianthemum 
chamaecistus mutahile'\ Cy) 

FICUS Fig 

altissima Lofty F. 

aurea . . Florida Strangler F. 

australis F. rubiginosa 

benjamina . . . Benjamin Fig 
carica Common F. 

For varieties cultivated for their fruit, 
see Fig in American Pomological So- 
ciety's List of Fruits, in Appendix. 

cunninghami . . Cunningham Fig 
diversifolia (lutescens) 

Mistletoe F. 
elastica . . . India Rubbertree 
infectoria {F. lucescens Ag) 

Dotted Fig 
lucescens Ag . . . . F. infectoria 
lutescens .... F. diversifolia 
macrophylla . Moreton Bay Fig 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. I T Alic^aynonyms or unapproved names. 



FICUS— FINGERLEAF 



151 



FICUS, continued 

pandurata . . . FroDLELEAF Fig 
pmnila (repens) . . Climbing F. 

See also hort. var. list below. 

repens F. pumila 

religiosa . . . Sacred Bo Tree 
rubiginosa (australis) . Rusty Fig 

ulmifolia Elmleaf F. 

utilis Zulu F. 

villosa Shaggy F. 

Hort. var. of Ficus : 

Dwarf Climbing Fig (F. pumila 
minima'^ Cy) 
FiDDLELEAF FiG . . Ficus pandurata 
Field Larkspur, Field Mint, etc. 

See Larkspur, Mint, etc. 
Fiery Cuphea . . . Cuphea ignea 
Fig Ficus 

For horticultural varieties of Fig culti- 
vated for their fruit, see American 
Pomological Society's List of Fruits, in 
Appendix. 

Benjamin F. . . . F. benjamina 

Climbing F F. pumila 

Common F F. carica 

Cunningham F. . F. cunninghami 

Dotted F F. infectoria 

Dwarf Climbing F. {F. pumila 
minima^ Cy) 

Elmleaf F F. ulmifolia 

FiDDLELEAF F. . . F. pandurata 
Florida Strangler F. . F. aurea 
India Rubbertree . . F. elastica 

Lofty F F. altissima 

Mistletoe F. . . F. diversifolia 
Moreton Bay F. F. macrophylla 

Rusty F F. rubiginosa 

Sacred Bo Tree . F. religiosa 

Shaggy F F. villosa 

Zulu F F. utilis 

FiGMARiGOLD . Mesembryanthcmum 
Heartleaf F. . . M. cordifolium 
Iceplant . . . . M. crystallinum 

Rose F M. roseum 

Tricolor F. . . . M. pyropeum 

Fiji Davallia, Fiji Fan Palm, etc. 
See Davallia, Palm, etc. 

FILARIA PHILLYREA 

Small CAPiTAL8=approved common names. 



Filbert . . Corylus; C. avellana 

See also Hazelnut. 

For varieties of Filbert cultivated for 

their nuts, see American Pomological 

Society's List of Fruits and Nuts, in 

Appendix. 

Giant F C. maxima 

Golden F. (C avellana aurea^ Cy) 
Purple F. (C avellana airopur- 

purea\ Cy) 
Purple Giant F. (C. maxima pur- 
purea] Cy) 
Weeping F. {Corylus avellana pen- 
dula] Cy) 
FILIPENDULA . . Meadowsweet 
camtschatica {Spiraea gigantea; S. 
kamtschatica) 

Kamchatka Meadowsweet 

hexapetala ( Ulmaria filipendula ; 

Spiraea filipendula) . Dropwort 

palmata {S. palmata; Ulmaria pal- 

mata) . Siberian Meadowsweet 

purpurea ( U. purpurea) 

Japanese M. 
rubra {Spiraea lobata; U. rubra) 

Prairie M. 
ulmaria {S. ulmaria) European M. 
Hort. var. of Filipendula; 

Carmine Meadowsweet (F. rubra 
venusta] Cy; Spiraea venusta; 
Ulmaria venusta) 
Double Dropwort {F. hexapetala 

florepleno Cy) 
Double European Meadowsweet 
{F. ulmaria plena] Cy ;F.u. flore- 
pleno) 
Showy Japanese M. {F. purpurea 

elegans] Cy) 
White Japanese M. {F. purpurea 
alba] Cy) 

FILIX CYSTOPTERIS 

Filmy Angelica . . Angelica curtisi 
FiNEDON Spruce {Picea excelsa fine- 

donensis] Cy) 
Finetooth Holly . . . Ilex serrata 
Finger Coreopsis Coreopsis palmata 

FiNGERGRASS Chloris 

Feather F C. virgata 

Rhodes Grass . . . C. gayana 

FiNGERLEAF MORNING-GLORY 

Ipomoea digitata 



Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (t) see page 



152 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Finocchio (Foeniculum vulgare dulce\ 

Cy) Florence Fennel 

Fir Abies 

Algerian F. ... A. numidica 

Alpine F A. lasiocarpa 

Apollo F. A. cephalonica apollinis 
Azure F. {A. magnifica glauca] CjO 

Balsam F A. balsamea 

Blue Douglas-fir 

Pseudotsuga douglasi glauca 
Blue Spanish F. {Abies pinsapo 

glauca\ Cy) 
Blueleaf Noble F. (Ahies nobilis 

glauca] Cy) 
Bristlecone F. . . . a. venusta 

Cascade F A. amabilis 

China-fir 

Cunninghamia ; C. lanceolata 

CiLiciAN F Abies cilicica 

Cork F. ..... A. arizonica 

Dimplecone F. 

A. homolepis umbilicata 
Douglas-fir Pseudotsuga douglasi 

Fraser F Abies fraseri 

Fretz Douglas-fir {Pseudotsuga 

douglasi fretzi]) 
Great Silver F. . . Abies grandis 

Greek F A. cephalonica 

Himalayan F. . . A. spectabilis 
Hudson F. A. balsamea hudsonia 

JoiNTFiR Ephedra 

Maries F Abies mariesi 

MoMi F A. firma 

Needle F A. holophylla 

NiKKO F A. homolepis 

Noble F A. nobilis 

Nordmann F. . A. nordmanniana 
Pacific White F. 

A. concolor lowiana 

Pindrow F A. pindrow 

Purplecone White F. (.4. con- 
color violacea] Cy) 

Red F A. magnifica 

Royal Blue Douglas-fir. Hort. 

var. of Pseudotsuga douglasi. 
Sakhalin F. . Abies sachalinensis 
Sentinel Silver F. {A. pectinata 

pyramidalis] Cy) 
Shasta F. A. magnifica shastensis 

Siberian F A. sibirica 

Silver F A. pectinata 



Fir, continued 

Silver Douglas-fir {Pseudotsuga 
douglasi argentea\) 

Spanish F Abies pinsapo 

Summer-fir {Artemisia sacrorum 

viridis] Cy) 
Veitch F. . . . . . Abies veitchi 

Weeping Douglas-fir {Pseudo- 
tsuga douglasi pendula"]) 
Weeping Silver F. {Abies pec- 
tinata pendula'\ Cy) 

W^HiTE F Abies concolor 

Fire Dahlia . . . Dahlia coccinea 
Firefly Thyme {Thymus serpyllum 
splendens] Cy) 

FiREPiNK Silene virginica 

Fireplant 

Mexican F Painted 

Spurge : Euphorbia heterophylla 

Firethorn Pyracantha 

Laland F. {Pyracantha coccinea 

lalandi] Cy) 
Narrowleaf F. . P. angustifolia 

Nepal F P. crenulata 

Scarlet F P. coccinea 

FIRMIANA Ag . . . STERCULIA 
Fish Geranium 

Pelargonium graveolens 
Fishhook Cactus 

Ferocactus uncinatus 

FISSIPES . . . CYPRIPEDIUM 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

FITTONIA Fittonia 

argyroneura . . Silvernerve F. 

FITZROYA FiTZROYA 

patagonica . . . Patagonian F. 

FiVEBLADE DaVALLIA 

Davallia pentaphylla 
Fivefinger Nasturtium 

Tropaeolum pentaphyllum 
Fiveleaf Akebia, Fiveleaf Azalea, 

etc. See Akebia, Azalea, etc. 
Fiveleaf Ivy . . . Virginia Creep- 
er : Ampelopsis quinquefolia 
Fivestamen Tamarix . T. pentandra 
Flag 

Crimson-flag .... Schizostylis 

Sweetflag Acorus 

Flag Campion {Lychnis viscaria ele- 
gans\ Cy) 



FLAME— FLOWER 



153 



Flame Anemone, Flame Azalea, 
etc. See Anemone, Azalea, etc. 
Flamepoppy Meconopsis heterophylla 
Flame-ray Gerbera 

Gerbera jamesoni 
Flaming Trumpet Bignonia venusta 
Flamingoflower 

Anthurium andraeanum 
Flat Peach 

Amygdalus persica platycarpa 

Flat-sedge Cyperus 

Brazilian F. . . C. adenophonis 

Chufa C. esculentus 

Papyrus C. papyrus 

Umbrella-sedge . C. altemifolius 
Flat-top Aster, Flat-top Gum, etc. 

See Aster, Gum, etc. 
Flax . . . Linum; L. usitatissimum 
Austrian F. . . L. austriacum 
Flowering F. . . L. grandiflorum 

Golden F L. flavum 

Narbonne F. . . L. narbonnense 

Perennial F L. perenne 

Prairie F L. lewisi 

Scarlet Flowering F. (L. grandi- 
florum coccineum\ Cy) 

Toadflax Linaria 

White Perennial F. {Linum per- 
enne album] Cy) 
Yellowflax . Reinwardtia trigyna 
Flaxflower Gilia . . Gilia liniflora 
Flaxleaf Maskflower, Flaxleaf 
Pimpernel, etc. See Mask- 
flower, Pimpernel, etc. 

Flaxlily Phormium 

Green F P. cookianum 

New Zealand F. ... P. tenax 
Pearlstripe F. (P. cookianum va- 
riegatum] Cy) 
Fleabane Erigeron 



E. salsuginosus 

. . E. alpinus 

. . E. glaucus 

E. mucronatus 

E. umbellatus 

Hort. var. of 

. E. multiradiatus 

F. {E. speciosus 

E. aurantiacus 



Alaska F. 
Alpine F. 
Beach F. . 
bonytip f. 
Cluster F. 
Fontainebleu 

Erigeron. 
Himalayan F. . 
Lilac Oregon 

rosewsf Cy) 
Orange F. . . 
Oregon F E. speciosus 



Fleabane, contiiiurd 

Poor-robins-plantain 

Erigeron pulchellus 
Purple Oregon F. {E. speciosus 

grandiflorus] Cy) 
Quakeress F. Hort. var. of Eri- 
geron. 

Smooth F E. glabellus 

Fleeceflower . . . Polygonum 

Alpine F P. alpinum 

Fleecevine ..... See below 
Himalayan Fleeceflower 

P. affine 
Japanese F. . . P. cuspidatum 
Mountain F. . .P. amplexicaule 
Princesplume . . P. orientale 
Sacaline .... p. sachalinense 

Silky F P. sericeum 

Fleecevine 

China F. . . Polygonum auberti 
Silver F. . . P. baldschuanicum 

Tuber F P. multiflorum 

'Flesh Heather, Flesh Speedwell, 
etc. See Heather, Speedwell, 
etc. 
Fleshy Hawthorn 

Crataegus succulenta 
Floatingheart 

Nymphoides; N. peltatum 
Water-snowflake . . N. indicum 

FLOERKEA 

douglasi . . . Limnanthes douglasi 

Florentine Crab . Malus florentina 

Florida Crinum, Florida Strang- 

LER Fig, etc. See Crinum, Fig, 

etc. 

Fixdripondio . . . Datura arborea 

Cornucopia F. . . D. fastuosa 

Horned F D. comigera 

Red F D. sanguinea 

Yellow F D, chlorantha 

Floss-silk-tree . Chorisia speciosa 
Flower 

Basketflower 

Centaurea americana 
Bellflower .... Campanula 
Bird-of-paradise-flower 
„ Strelitzia 

Bloodflower 

Asclepias curassavica 
BuNCHFLOWER . . . Mclanthium 
Butterflyflower . Schizanthus 



154 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Flower, continued 

Calicoflower Aristolochia elegans 
Cape-weddingflower 

Dombeya natalensis 

C ARDIN ALFLO WER 

Lobelia cardinalis 
Cauliflower 

Brassica oleracea botrytis 
CoNEFLOwER .... Rudbcckia 
Cornflower . Centaurea cyanus 
Cuckooflower 

Cardamine pratensis 
Cupflower .... Nierembergia 
Dawnflower . Ipomoea species 
Dayflower Commelina 

DiAMONDFLOWER 

lonopsiditim acaule 
Flamingoflower 

Anthiirium andraenum 
Fleeceflower . . , Polygonum 

FoAMFLowER TiaTclla 

Globeflower Trollius 

Gloryflower . . Eccremocarpus 

GOLDFLOWER 

Hypericum moserianum 
Hedgehog-coneflower Echinacea 

HoLY-GHOST-FLOWER 

Peristeria elata 
Laceflower . . . Trachymene 
Leatherflower . Clematis vioma 
Letterflower . . Grammanthes 

Maskflower Alonsoa 

Mistflower 

Eupatorium coelestinum 
Monkeyflower .... Mimulus 
Moonflower 

Calonyction; C. aculeatum 
Pasqueflower . Anemone species 
Passionflower .... Passiflora 
Pelicanflower 

Aristolochia grandiflora 
Red-white-and-blue-flower 

Cuphea Uavea 

RiCEFLowER Pimelea 

Safflower . Carthamus tinctorius 
Shellflower . . Alpinia nutans 

Skyflower Duranta 

Spederflower . . Cleome spinosa 
Starflower .... Trientalis 



Flower, continued 

Strawflower 

Helichrysum bracteatum 

Sunflower Helianthus 

Tasselflower . Emilia flanimea 

TiGERFLOWER Tigridia 

Trumpetflower Oroxylum species 

TuNiCFLowER Timica 

TwiNFLowER Linnaea 

Wallflower . . . Cheiranthus 

Wandflower Sparaxis 

Woolflower Feather 

Cockscomb : Celosia argentea 
Flowerfence 

Caesalpinia pulcherrima 
Flowering Almond, Flowering Ash, 

etc. See Almond, Ash, etc. 
Flowering-rush 

Butomus umbellatus 
Flower-of-an-hour 

Hibiscus trionum 
Flower-of-Jove . Lychnis flosjovis 
Flowery Senna . Cassia corymbosa 
Fly Honeysuckle 
American F. H. 

Lonicera canadensis 

European F. H. . . L. xylosteum 

Swamp F. H. . . . L. oblongifolia 

Flytrap 

Venus F. . . Dionaea muscipula 

FoAMFLOWER Tiarella 

Allegheny F. . . T. cordifolia 
Purple F. (Tiarella cordifolia pur- 

-purea] Cy) 
Salmon F. Hort. var. of T. cordi- 
folia. 
Wine F. Hort. var. of T, cordi- 
folia. 

FOENICULUM 

vulgare .... Common Fennel 
Hort. var. of Foeniculimi: 
Florence Fennel {F. vulgare 

dulce^ Cy; Finocchio) 
Italian F. (F. v. piperitum^ Cy; 
Carosella) 



FONTANESIA 
fortunei . . 
phillyreoides 



. Fontanesia 
. Fortune F. 
Syrian-privet 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. I T Alic=synonyms or unapproved names. 



FONTENAY— FOURSTAMEN 



155 



FoNTENAY Spirea (Spiraea fonte- 

naysi^ Cy) 
Football Cypress (Chamaecyparis 

obtusa compacta\ Cy) 
Foothill Iris .... Iris hartwegi 
Ford Holly Oak (Quercus ilex 
fordid Cy) 

FORESTIERA Adelia 

acuminata (Adelia acuminata) 

Texas A. 
ligustrina (A. ligustrina) Privet A. 

Forget-me-not Myosotis 

Alpine F M. alpestris 

Azores F M. azorica 

Bay F M. laxa 

Dwarf Perpetual F. (M. scor- 

pioides semperjlorens^ Cy) 
Golden F. (M. alpestris aurea\ Cy) 
Heather F. (M. a. stricta\ Cy) 
Jackfrost F. (M. dissitiflora ele- 
gantissima^ Cy) 

Swiss F M. dissitiflora 

True F M. scorpioides 

Victoria F M. victoria 

Woodland F. . . . M. sylvatica 
Forked Viburnum 

Viburnum furcatum 
Formosa Juniper, Formosa Sweet- 
gum, etc. See Juniper, Sweet- 
gum, etc. 
FoRSTER Palm . . Howea forsteriana 

FORSYTHIA Forsythia 

europaea Albanian F. 

fortunei . . . F. suspensa fortunei 
intermedia] Cy Border Forsythia 

See hort. var. list below. 

sieholdi . . . F. suspensa sieboldi 
suspensa . Weeping Forsythia 

See also hort. var. list below. 

— atrocaulis . . . Purplestem F. 

— fortunei .... Fortune F. 

— sieboldi Siebold F. 

viridissima . . . Greenstem F. 
Hort. var. of Forsythia: 

Border F. (F. inter media] Cy; sus- 
pensa Xinter?nedia) 

GoLDBLOTCH F. (F . suspensa varie- 
gata] Cy) 

Pale W^eeping F. (F. suspensa pal- 
lida] Cy) 

Small CAPiTALS=approved common names. 



FORSYTHIA (Hort. var.), continued 

Primrose F. (Forsythia intermedia 

primulina] Cy; suspensa primu- 

lina) 
Showy Border F. (F. i. specta- 

bilis] Cy; suspensa spectabilis) 

Forsythia Forsythia 

Albanian F. ... F. europaea 
Border F. (F. intermedia] Cy) 
Fortune F. . F. suspensa fortunei 
GoLDBLOTCH F. (F . suspensa varie- 

gala] Cy) 
Greenstem F. . . F. viridissima 
Pale Weeping F. (F. suspensa 

pallida] Cy) 
Primrose F. (F. intermedia primu- 

lina] Cy) 
Purplestem F. 

F. suspensa atrocaulis 
Showy Border F. (F. intermedia 

spectabilis] Cy) 
Siebold F. . . F. suspensa sieboldi 

Weeping F F. suspensa 

Fortune Cape-jasmine, Fortune 

Deutzia, etc. See Cape-jas- 
mine, Deutzia, etc. 

FORTUNELLA 

For varieties of Kumquat grown for 
their fruit, see American Pomological 
Society's List of Fruits, in Appendix. 

ci-assifolia . . . Meiwa Kumquat 

hindsi Hongkong K. 

japonica (Citrus japonica) Kumquat 

FOTHERGILLA . . . Fothergilla 
gardeni (Carolina) . . Dwarf F. 

major Large F. 

monticola Alabama F. 

parvifolia (F. parviflora Cy) 
Fountain Grass, Fountain Law- 
son Cypress, etc. See Grass, 
Cypress, etc. 
Fourcolor Cape-cowslip, Four- 
color Zebrina, etc. See Cape- 
cowslip, Zebrina, etc. 

Four-o'clock Mirabilis 

Common F M. jalapa 

Sweet F M. longiflora 

Fourstamen Tamarix 

Tamarix tetrandra 

Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (f) see page 1. 



156 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



FOURWING SOPHORA 

Sopbora tetraptera 
Fox Grape, Fox Spire a, etc. See 
Grape, Spirea, etc. 

Foxglove Digitalis 

Common F D. purpurea 

Common White F. (D. p. albaf Cy) 
Double Common F. (Z). p. mon- 

strosa] Cy) 
Gloxinia F. (Z). 'purpurea glox- 
iniaefloraf Cy) 

Grecian F D. lanata 

Leopard F. Hort. var. of D. 
maculata. 

Siberian F D. sibirica 

Spotted F D. maculata 

Straw F D. lutea 

Yellow F D. ambigua 

Foxglove Pentstemon 

Pentstemon laevigatus digitalis 
Foxtail 

Meadow F. . Alopecurus pratensis 

Foxtail Milkvetch, Foxtail Pine, 

etc. See Milkvetch, Pine, etc. 

FRAGARIA Strawberry 

For cultivated varieties of Strawberry 
see American Pomological Society's 
List of Fruits, in Appendix. 

americana . . F. vesca americana 
califomica 

California Strawberry 
canadensis . Potentilla canadensis 
chiloensis . Chiloe Stra^^-berry 
indica .... Duchesnea indica 
mexicana Mexican Strawberry 

vesca Alpine S. 

— americana . . . American S. 

virginiana Virginia S. 

Fragrant Ash, Fragrant Sumac, 

etc. See Ash, Sumac, etc. 
FRAILEA 

schilinzkyana (Echinocactus schil- 
inzkijanus) 
Franchet Cotoneaster 

Cotoneaster francheti 
Franciscan-nightshade 

Brunfelsia americana 

FRANCOA Francoa 

ramosa Branching F. 

Frangipani Plumeria 

Mexican F. ... P. acutifolia 
Nosegay F P. rubra 



Franklin Hawthorn 

Crataegus lauta 

FRANKLINIA .... Franklinia 

alatamaha (Gordonia alatamaha; 

G. aUamaha; G. pubescens) 

Fraser Fir, Fraser Magnolia, etc. 

See Fir, Magnolia, etc. 

FRAXINELLA . . DICTAMNUS 

FRAXINUS Ash 

americana {alba) . . . White A. 
— subcoriacea 

anomala .... Singleleaf A. 
aurea . . . Golden European A. 

Hort. var. of F. excelsior. 

biltmoreana .... Biltmore A. 
bungeana 

chinensis Chinese A. 

— rhynchophylla 

cuspidata Fragrant A. 

dipetala . California Shrub A. 
excelsior European A. 

See also hort. var. list below. 

greggi Gregg A. 

lanceolata {pennsylvanica lanceu- 
lata; viridis) . . . Green Ash 
lentiscifolia ....¥. rotundifolia 
longicuspis 

mandschurica . Manchurian Ash 
nigra {sambucifolia) . Black A. 

oregona Oregon A. 

omus Flowering A. 

paxiana Pax A. 

pennsylvanica {pubescens) . Red A. 

— lanceolata . . . . F. lanceolata 

platypoda 

potamophila . . Turkestan Ash 

pubescens . . . F. pennsylvanica 

quadrangulata .... Blue Ash 

rotundifolia {lentiscifolia) 

ROUNDLEAF A. 

See also hort. var. list below. 

sambucifolia F. nigra 

syriaca Syrian Ash 

texensis Texas A. 

viridis F. lanceolata 

Hort. var. of Fraxinus: 

Golden European Ash {F. excel- 
sior a.urea] Cy; aurea) 
Golden Weeping A. {F. e. aurea- 
pendula\ Cy) 



FRAXINUS— FUZZY 



15' 



FRAXINUS (Hort. var.), continued 

Weeping European Ash (Fraxinus 

excelsior pendular\ Cy) 
Weeping Roundleaf A. {F. roiun- 
difolia pendula'\ Cy) 

FREESIA Freesia 

alba F. refracta alba 

refracta 

— alba .... Common Freesia 
Hort. var. of Freesia: 
Fardel 

Fischer (fischeri) 
General Pershing 
Purity 
Rainbow 
Sunset 

Veronica (splendens) 
Victory 
Viola 
Fremont Clematis, Fremont Cot- 
tonwood, etc. See Clematis, 
Cottonwood, etc. 

FREMONTIA Fremontia- 

califomica {Fremontodendron cali- 
fornicum kg) . . . Fremontia 
FREMONTODENDRON Ag 

FREMONTIA 
French Bladdernut, French Mari- 
gold, etc. See Bladdernut, 
Marigold, etc. 
Fretz Douglas-fir {Pseudotsuga 

douglasi freizi] Cy) 
Friedrichsen Cinquefoil (Poten- 

tilla Jridicosa Jried.richseni\ Cy) 
Frilled Gladiolus 

Gladiolus kunderdi 
Fringebell 

Schizocodon soldanelloides 
Fringed Bleedingheart, Fringed 
Heath, etc. See Bleeding- 
heart, Heath, etc. 
Fringe-orchid . Habenaria species 
Large Purple F. . H. fimbriita 
Small Purple F. . . H. psycodes 
White F. . . . H. blephariglottis 

Yellow F H. ciliaris 

Fringet'ree .... Chionanthus 

Chinese F C. retusa 

White F C. virginica 

FRITILLARIA . . . Fritillary 
imperialis . . . Crown-imperial 



FRITILLARIA, continued 

liliacea . *. . White Fritillary 
meleagris .... Checkered F. 

Fritillary Fritillaria 

Checkered F. . . . F. meleagris 
Crown-imperial . . F. imperialis 
White F F. liliacea 

Froebel Rose, Froebel Spirea, etc. 
See Rose, Spirea, etc. 

Frog Waterlily 

Nymphaea flavovirens 

Frogbit . Hydrocharis morsus-ranae 

Frost Grape . . . Vitis cordifolia 

Frosted Hawthorn 

Crataegus pruinosa 

FUCHSIA Fuchsia 

conical . . F. magellanica conica 

globosa F. m. globosa 

gracilis F. m. gracilis 

hybrida F. speciosa 

magellanica . Magellan Fuchsia 

— conica Cone F. 

— globosa RouNDBUD F. 

— gracilis Naiad F. 

— riccartoni . . . Riccarton F. 
procumbens .... Trailing F. 
riccartoni C. magellanica riccartoni 
speciosa (hybrida) 

Common Fuchsia 
triphylla .... Threeleaf F, 

Hort. var. of Fuchsia: 

Coral F. (magellanica corallina) 

Fuchsia Honeysuckle (Lonicera 
browni fuchsioides] Cy) 

Fujiyama Rhododendron 

Rhododendron brachycarpum 

Fullers Teasel Dipsacus fullonum 

Fullmoon Maple . Acer japonicum 
Fumitory 

Climbing F. . . Adlumia fungosa 

FUN AST RUM Ag . PHILIBERTIA 

FUNKIA HOSTA 

Furry Goldenrod, Furry Jasmine, 

etc. See Goldenrod, Jasmine, 

etc. 

Furze Gorse: Ulex 

Fuzzy Deutzia, Fuzzy Houseleek, 

etc. See Deutzia, Houseleek, 

etc. 



158 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



GAILLARDIA .... Gaillardia 

amblyodon , . . . ' Maroon G. 

aristata (grandiflora) 

Common Perennial G. 

pulchella .... Rose-ring G. 

— picta Painted G. 

Hort. var. of Gaillardia : 

Bush (aristata compacta) 

Double Sunset (loren ziana) . Hort. 
var. of G. pulchella picta. 

GoLDSEAM (aristata sanguinea) 

Salmon (aristata salmonea) 

The Bride. Hort. var. of G. pul- 
chella picta. 

The King 

Yellow (aristata maxima) 

Yellowedge (kermesina splendens) 
GALANTHUS Snowdrop 

nivalis Common S. 

GALAX Galax 

aphylla Galax 

Gale 

Sweetgale .... Myrica gale 
GALEANDRA 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

GALEGA GoATSRUE 

officinalis Common G. 

Hort. var of Galega : 
Albino Goatsrue (G. officinalis 

albat Cy) 
Hartland G. (G. 0. hartlandi] Cy; 

bicolor hartlandi) 
Sunset G. (G. o. carnea\ Cy) 
GALEORCHIS .... ORCHIS 

GALIUM Bedstraw 

boreale Northern B. 

moUugo White B. 

verum Yellow B. 

Galisson Magnolia (Magnolia grand- 
iflora galissoniensis] Cy) 
GALTONIA 

candicans (Hyacinthus candicans) 
Summer-hyacinth 
GAMOLEPIS 

tagetes 
Ganges Amaranth 

Amaranthus gangeticus 
Garambullo 

Myrtillocactus geometrizans 

BOLD-face==approved scientific names. 



Garhanzo . Chickpea: Cicer arietinum 

GARCINIA 
mango stana .... Mangosteen 

Garden Anemone, Garden Bal- 
sam, etc. See Anemone, Bal- 
sam, etc. 

GARDENIA 

The name of this genus under the Amer- 
ican Rules is Warneria. 

fiorida (G. jasininoides Cy; G. au- 
gusta Ar; Warrieria augusta Ag) 
Cape-jasmine 

fortunei (G. jasminoides fortuneana 
Cy) . . Fortune Cape-jasmine 

radicans Dwarf C. 

veitchi Veitch C. 

Possibly a form of G. fiorida. 

Garland 

Snowgarland (Spiraea multiflora\ 
Cy) 
Garland Heath, Garland Rose, 
etc. See Heath, Rose, etc. 

Garlic Allium sativum 

Meadow G A. canadense 

GARRYA .... Silktassel-bush 

elliptica 
Gasplant .... Dictamnus albus 

Giant G. (D. a. caucasicus] Cy) 

Purple G. (D. a. ruber\) 
Gattinger Hypericum 

Hypericum lobocarpum 
GAULTHERIA 

procumbens . . . Wintergreen 

shallon Salal 

GAURA Gaura 

lindheimeri White G. 

Gayfeather Liatris 

Cattail G. . . L. pycnostachya 

Dotted G L. punctata 

Dwarf G. . . L. spicata montana 
Grassleaf G. . . L. graminifolia 

PiNKscALE G L. elegans 

Rocky Mountain G. . L. ligulistylis 
Spike G L. spicata 

GAYLUSSACIA . . Huckleberry 
baccata (resinosa) . . Black H. 

brachycera Box H. 

frondosa .... Dangleberry 
ursina Buckberry 



77'AZic==synonyms or unapproved names. 



GAZANIA— GERANIUM 



159 



GAZANIA Gazania 

The name of this genus under the Amer- 
ican Rules is Meridiana. 

longiscapa 

splendens .... Pied Gazania 
Geiger-tree . . Cordia sebestena 

GELSEMIUM 

sempervirens Carolina-jessamine 
Hort. var. of G. sempervirens: 
Double Carolina-jessamine (^ore- 
pleno) 

GEMMINGIA . . BELAMCANDA 
Geneva Bugle . Ajuga genevensis 
GENISTA Broom 

The common name Broom applies also 
to the related genus Cytisus. 

aetnensis .... Aetna Broom 
alba .... Cytisus multiflorus 
andreana . . . Paradise Broom 

Hort. var. of Cytisus scoparius. 

canariensis ... C. canadensis 
elata . . Genista tinctoria virgata 
fragrans . . . Cytisus fragrans 
germanica . . . German Broom 
hispanica {Cytisus hispanicus) 

Spanish B. 
monosperma . . Bridal-veil B. 

pilOSa SiLKYLEAF B. 

racemosa . . Cytisus racemosus 

scoparia C. scoparius 

tinctoria Woadwaxen 

— virgata (elata) .... TallW. 

Gentian Gentiana 

Catchfly-gentian 

Eustoma silenifolium 
Closed G. . Gentiana andrewsi 

Cross G G. cruciata 

Downy tG G. puberula 

Fringed G G. crinita 

Himalayan G. . . . G. tibetica 
HoRSEGENTiAN . . . Triostcum 
Milkweed G. Gentiana asclepiadea 
Prairie GENTIAN 

Eustoma russellianum 

Rose GENTIAN Sabatia 

Rough G. . . Gentiana scabra 

Stemless G G. acaulis 

Yellow G G. lutea 

Small CAPiTAL8=approved common names. 



Gentian Periwinkle, Gentian 
RocKBELL, etc. See Periwinkle, 
RocKBELL, etc. 

GENTIANA Gentian 

acaulis Stemless G. 

andrewsi (Dasystephana andrewsi) 
Closed Gentian 
asclepiadea . . . Milkweed G. 

crinita Fringed G. 

cruciata Cross G. 

lutea Yellow G. 

puberula (Dasystephana puberula) 
Downy Gentian 

scabra Rough G. 

tibetica Himalayan G. 

George Peabody Arborvitae ( Thuja 

occidentalis lutea-\ Cy) 
Georgia Aster, Georgia Buckeye, 

etc. See Aster, Buckeye, etc. 
GERANIUM Cranesbill 

The Geraniums of common speech 
belong to the genus Pelargonium. 

album 

A name used erroneously for White Wild 
Geranium, White Iberian Cranesbill, 
and White Meadow Cranesbill, all in 
the hort. var. list of Geranium, below. 

armenum . Armenian Cranesbill 

citriodorum 

Pelargonium acerifolium 

coUinum (londesi) 

Upland Cranesbill 

fremonti . Rocky Mountain C. 

grandiflorum Lilac C. 

ibericimi Iberian C. 

— platypetalimi 

londesi G. collinum 

maculatum . . Wild Geranium 

platypetalum 

G. ibericum platypetalum 

pratense . Meadow Cranesbill 

robertiantmi . . . Herb Robert 

sanguineimi Bloodred Cranesbill 

zonale .... Pelargoniimi zonale 
Hort. var. of Geranium : 

White Iberian Cranesbill (G. 
ibericum alburnf Cy) 

White Meadow C. (G. prat^se al- 
bum-\ Cy) 

White Wild Geranium (G. macu- 
latum album'\ Cy) 

Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (f) see page 1. 



160 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Geranium Pelargonium 

Fish G P. hortorum 

Horseshoe G P. zonale 

IvYLEAF G P. peltatum 

Lady Washington G. 

P. domesticum 
Mapleleaf G. . P. acerifolium 
Nutmeg G. . . P. odoratissimum 

Rose G P. graveolens 

White Wild G. {Geranium macu- 

latum album] Cy) 
Wild G. . . Geranium maculatum 
Gerard Vetch . Vicia cracca gerardi 
GERBERA Gerbera 

The name of this genus under the Amer- 
ican Rules is Perdicium. 

jamesoni . . Flame-ray Gerbera 

German Broom, German Iris, etc. 
See Broom, Iris, etc. 

Germander Teucrium 

American G. . . . T. canadense 
Chamaedrys G. . T. chamaedrys 
Tree G T. fruticans 

Germander Spirea 

Spiraea chamaedryfolia 

GESNERIA Gesneria 

cardinalis {macrantha) Cardinal G. 

GEUM AvENS 

bulgaricum . . . Bulgarian A. 
chiloense Chiloe A. 

coccineum 

A name often misapplied to G. chiloense. 
The true G. coccineum of botanists is 
probably not in the trade. 

japonicum . . . Japanese Avens 
miniatum .... Vermilion A. 

Hort. var. of G. chiloense. 

montanum . . . Mountain A. 
Hort. var. of Avens, Geum: 

DoL^LE Crimson {atrosanguineum ; 
coccineum atrosanguineum). Hort. 
var. of G. chiloense. 
Mrs. Bradshaw. Hort. var. of G. 

chiloense. 
Orange (heldreichi) . Hort. var. of 

G. montanum. 
Vermilion {Geum chiloense mini- 
atum] Cy; miniatum) 
Ghent Azalea . Azalea gandavensis 
Gherkin 

West Indian G. . Cucumis anguria 



Ghiesbrecht Palmetto. Hort. var. 

of Sabal palmetto. 
Giant Arborvitae, Giant x4rrow- 

head, etc. See Arborvitae, 

Arrowhead, etc. 
Giantfennel . . Ferula communis 
Gi antgroundsel Ligularia wilsoniana 
Gibraltar Candytuft 

Iberis gibraltarica 

GILIA GiLiA 

abrotanifolia . Santa Barbara G. 
achilleaefolia .... Yarrow G. 
androsacea {Leptosiphon androsa- 

ceus) Trumpet GiLiA 

calif omica .... Shrubby G. 

capitata Globe G. 

coccinea {Collomia biflora Ag; C. 

coccinen ) . . . Scarlet Gilia 
coronopifolia {G. rubra Ag; Ipo- 

mopsis elegans) . . Texasplume 
densifiora {Linanthus densiflorus; 

Leptosiphon densiflorus) 

Tube Gilia 
dianthoides {Fenzlia dianthiflora) 

Tufted Gilia 
grandiflora {Collomia grandiflora 

Ag) Bigflower Gili.\ 

laciniata Cutleaf G. 

liniflora .... Flaxflower G. 
micrantha {Leptosiphon aureus; L. 

hybridus; L. carmineus) 

Threadflower Gilia 
nivalis . . . White Birdseye G. 

Hort. var. of G. tricolor. 

rubra Ag . . . . G. coronopifolia 
tricolor Birdseye Gilia 

Hort. var. of Gilia: 

White Birdseye G. {nivalis). Hort. 
var. of G. tricolor. , • 

Gilia Gilia 

Bigflower G. . . G. grandiflora 

Birdseye G G. tricolor 

Cutleaf G G. laciniata 

Flaxflower G. . . . G. liniflora 

Globe G G. capitata 

Santa Barbara G. G. abrotanifolia 

Scarlet G G. coccinea 

Shrutbby G. . . . G. calif ornica 
Texasplume . G. coronopifolia 
Threadflower G. . G. micrantha 
Trumpet G. . . G. androsacea 



GILIA— GLADIOLUS 



161 



GiLiA, continued 

Tube G Gilia densiflora 

Tufted G. ... G. dianthoides 
White Birdseye G. Hort. var. of 

G. tricolor. 
Yarrow G. . . . G. achilleaefolia 

GILLENIA 

stipulata {Porter anthus stipulatus 
Ag; G. stipulacea) . Indian-physic 
trifoliata (P. trifoliatus Ag) 

BOWMANSROOT 

GiLTEDGE BuRNiNGBUSH (Euonymus 
japonicus aureomarginatus'\) 

Ginger Zingiber 

Common G Z. officinale 

GiNGERLiLY ..... Hedychium 
Common G. . . . H. coronarium 
India G H. gardnerianum 

GINKGO .... Maidenhair-tree 
biloba {Salisburia adiantifolia) 

Maidenhair-tree 

Ginseng Panax 

American G. . P. quinquefolium 

Chinese G P. schinseng 

Dwarf G P. trifolium 

Japanese G. Hort. var. of Panax 
GiRALD Honeysuckle 

Lonicera giraldi 
Glacierlily 

Erythronium grandiflorum 

GLADIOLUS Gladiolus 

alatus 

angustus 

atroviolaceus 

byzantinus 

caxdinalis 

communis 

cruentus 

dracocephalus 

floribundus 

grandis 

hirsutus 

oppositiflorus 

papilio Orchid G. 

primulinus .... Primrose G. 

psittacinus Parrot G. 

purpureo-auratus 

Golden Orchid G. 



GLADIOLUS, continued 
quartinianus 
recurvus 
saundersi 
segetum 
sericeo-villosus 
tristis 

Hort. var. of Gladiolus: 

Because of the large number of horticul- 
tural varieties of Gladiolus the hort. 
var. list and the common-name list have 
been combined in the special list below. 

Gladiolus Gladiolus 

This list has been prepared by A. C. 
Beal, Registrar American Gladiolus 
Society, on behalf of the Society, and 
has been brought up to February, 1923. 
The name of the originator or intro- 
ducer is given when known. Primu- 
linus varieties of Gladiolus take the 
abbreviation Prim. The small forms 
commonly known to growers as Nanus 
varieties take the abbreviation Nan. 



Abbreviations of Names of 
Originators 

Alex. J. K. Alexander, East Bridge- 

water, Mass. 
Alk. N. M. Alkemade & Co., 

Noordwijk, Holland. 
Aust. A. H. Austin, Wayland, Mass. 

Baer H. H. Baer, New Hyde Park, 

N. Y. 
Ban. Frank Banning, Kinsman, 

Ohio. 
Barr Barr & Son, King St., Covent 

Garden, London, W. C., 

England. 
Bart. H. M. Barrett & Son, Hights- 

town, N. J. 
Baum Karl P. Baum, Knoxville, 

Tenn. 
Baumg. F. W. Baumgras, Lansing, 

Mich. 
Bet. C. Betscher, Dover, Ohio. 

Black G. D. Black, Albert Lea, 

Minn. 
Breck Joseph Breck & Sons, 51-52 

North Market St., Boston, 

Mass. 
Brown C. W. Brown, Ashland, Mass. 
Brun. Brunelet, Fontainebleau, 

France. 
Burb. Luther Burbank, Santa Rosa, 

Cahf. 
Cham. M. Chamberlain, Wellesley 

Mass. 
Chaut. Chautauqua Flowerfield C 

Bemus Point, N. Y. 



16fei 



STANDAB|)Jgl®Al&AiiTJNAMES 



Gladiolus, continued boiuifJnon ,8UJOiaAJif 

Chris. H. E.' Chriswell, ^PM^"*, 

Hamburg, N. YRiabniJBa 

Christy W. A. Christy, Waima,t6^>WB 

Chur. George Chu^ph^m^m^n^ 

AlverstoKe, Englancr. . • ^ 

Cob. P. O. Coblentz, New'^mmi 

Cog. Th^ttk)li]®igieH> MWrcfeli^t 

i-i&bl.'M 

hoga Falls, Ohio. 
zM^BlD W. L. Crissey, Bormg^j^p^,^ jj 
TJames N. Dames, Lisse, Holland. 

'->d4v'^*" t''jiw,:''aB'i''-''kT!iVis^'^!lc'6HiWpv, 

mfrytin-^i) '"■.•'Aiirt^ra, Y1F.';='?''^^ / v 
aauo} IIi5m« _.MVf"i^.ii.iV;l iUuinv^^iMu 



Fis 



Plain, Mass 



i:r-f+«fHi5 -id.t •■•!.t;.l K-ii)>i ir, / 
Eugene tischer, Jamaica 



Flatti). k:ikaE. FuMBnagfefi'&tStthfe, Belle- 
h>iw11«^11Uh() 

Gage , L.'MVG'flSef^ellesley, Mass. 
' ^'dibi^p,, J:3*:'mF4p?vGi^ Carlett. 

Grav.,, Aug. Gravereaux, Neauohle- 
,anniiiiuA .M"l@"CMateli;J/ 'Seine et"Wse, 
France"" 



Grul. ., J. ^J/- <^miem 



^^r 



Hain. 



Haines. 



,a!HSII/-l .«J^K"V:'^all(^l^k, <*2ueeMy,"'PJ.*'l., 

H«8iii,> ,-i't5.>UHfeebsk«^i-k,'> Sassenhrftii, 
.iia.l JT.dlA .Holiand.n i) /I'mlH 

Hin. C. R. HJHMe, St. Joseph, 

^•iV la .aiior', VjMiokl .Iq-)^,.!, /i'.-.iH 

.iiHee^ ,.)H DitiO/Hldag/Decorah, Iowa. 
Hog. Hogewonrngj"^ Noordwijk, 

.«Kjil/i ,bai5l.l«AHioUaiAl. VV ') .iv/oiH 
,i)H)d)#jniijJii<PlBter Hibfimanfi SonsuiH^Ile- 

gom, Holteiid. 
.iMttm-MMir". FljijCliiHlornbBr^er, P,<(©I(2, 

Hambuto&'X. Y. 
vifoWfiv/ .iGilKdiKctudyshel, La.,i\Iflfiie, 
Calif. ;..,:1/. 



L.\DiOLus, continued bsuniiao') ,auiO 

Bl^tfi^n^b M0- . .Hutt. . GeJ^estrol^, 

u- JA -u Witario, Canada.,-,, ,^,,,,^fp 

29^M*««^^r;^onkherr & ^.te^llR- 

lo .'U\V .Jiollgaiii) HatlfecnajlH C'lTlH// 

Kel. Kehvay & ytiofet)Ml!ehig|:)brt, 

N. J. AiyiajJio 

TolW^M AMV^)^ H.^^ j^relage, Haarlem , 

8Ml«^Kbvv'a )AnE'jKa)j*l«tajji^sti0ijaiedi O 

, ' Montet, 136-142, Nancy, ,-. 

19aigniS . France.. ... iiaonit) 
Oljyiioffto .S'raiik . Lilley, .;iBtVI(iffiM&S| 

• r L TT Guernsey, England. , ,, , , f-v 
m«lffeial?9^ohn H.McKibh^AV6*ci«^''^ 

muiiBnoioa .Hd. . O viommcxJ 

rn&itMianbftHk'QM Alehlmann, iOshbasU 

Wis. 
L>ldVkt.jiiAH',AfetPRM Floral. C.o.OQaMIO 

XiMcQH- Munseil & Harvey, ; >Asfc6»!-I t) 

^f^yt-^;;"p#¥^Bui^^,f4p\^;^l^ 

3n9gniri3a .^Benton HarbV-Jri^inTO 
mMttoiili .%. & A. Nor.ley,.'AclHrfil«M 

iblsiig BiaaiXBJyTmanv. 

Phi. W.^^H. Phipps^jgft^M^^l^aO 

m|i;^fiibnfift3i^I^.^^-^3^ Decorah, 

H;i49^aAai>rhomas- M.- ^Hr^W^fi^^ 

SouthSt.,Wrenthani?Ntf5^ 
J. J. Prouty, BaldmaiJJiM^ 
^J^-^- , guoDr.I(iivcn.tB 

N Y "^ '^ft^Ii?^'^ 
L. S." Ream, PaulcfiM^) fOfel^^ 
Jelle Roos, Conco8tt?fMB«IO.O 
D. W. C. Ruff, »i1j.|fiBa«b 

Carl Salbach, 6088 Hlij^t^lS 

Ave., Oakland, Cgiftugiirf 

Scheubel. 



Prou. 

Pur. 

Ream 
Roos 
Ruff 

Rus. 

Sal. 

Scheu. 
he 



■•1 



) MHOHMIH*l( 



C' J.- Stenler 



2iini.i;rnnq 



8 tttfinjfi-o:^ iinqujq 



BOLPffa(>^=f5=#ppfQiV/fd..st;ientific names. /T4Z4(i#=6HwinErtJs,oacittO)|>^roved names 



gaMAk 



GLADIOLUS 



163 



l)-)i)iiiJfi(>a ,K 
Gladiolus, continued ... 

Spen. S. H.- feM^cepl fWiOuni,' Mass. 

Stev. (.TTSl 



Maine. 



itaine- 



.PlcorHlilnd, 



Swett 
Teas 
Thon. 
Tracy 



u^\ 



VUn 



vi^U; ttl tssl I ( > H ) . ri ! J WI A >1 A 
• ,jl9^9b Thomann & Son, Koch-, 



Van 



B.l fidWitii^JftdniVkcy^- W(?iil-/- 
(.!£'( J [h^mo^^'iss.aiiiM .WAnnA 

Unit. U<ni#'l B.lil6' ^ C^^'MtWl^) 

(.r.r(.'<tlettt4Hs<lMiGl*.ili I AK)ii/\ 

Van ^Ji'lJ^aTinEffJargamdit^il B^naa/Qa^A 

VanF. W.-tiiil hm/^^ashm^i^A 
(hlUl JKilQ./l) .MHOJl AVl(»\uiA 
Van K. S. A» |,(yP.nK,J^f^iJ.?f^te!?i'A 

Van M. (vffilMM^lT &^y.';'fthl^'> 

(.BlOlgdjttllHaUandUl'i*! .l^.(>.i.uA 

Van Tol Va]t(Bi. .lior^) .'•AHitAMHA 

Van " 

Vaug. y cf^^,^^.. Y, ^^,^^t v^-^^y^.m .'.■. ^■''.V a 

V^^JOJ YK'.i'iYtjllhuys,iJlil5lfe^*tti,^..mjRA 

Paris,! BV^A^e. V"» )lTA>nMc^.A 
J. (r.(IV5toidei)(Sai^roja',iM^a.f^.^.A 
(.8[ejyi>^*3dsn. (poi^xH R.^Kici^iA 
CTiyi J-54!^^- ^imM ^a'i^^.aj/.tA 
(>^iSfiaM"^^V ^^^<'n"™'A 
Way.(.^'J-'<NK^aWl<i'(l ) GslrtiSnfe, -M^rft«ii;A 
*C|l|}<l>-i)v/(viH) .■utka.itA 




Vilm. 



Von 
Vos 



WaV 



West. 



V! 



White 
Wing 



SWfty/ii;il.Ta^n\.^.'f 



Wood 
Wri. 



Chary* 

ifcsbSiWd. Ohidii A) .hi .'i Hi' /> 
George S. Wog#^iIc6viP»-tfi 

(.<^llUifei^iKAbh../.«'n"«/)ii'i'A 
Zees. , J. Jo)fiiimekr^i^ii\€kst hm^ ^ 



Gladiolu-S, continued 

Abalone. (Met. 1923.) 
Aberdeen. (Kund. 1917.) 
Ablaze. Prim. (Brown 1922.) 
Abundance. Nan. (Krel. 1911.) 
AcciA. (Krel. 1916.) 
AcKERMANNi. Nan. 
Acme. (Met. 1917.) 
Ada. Prim. (Grul. 1918.) 
Adelaide de Luxembourg. 
Adelina. (Kel. 1908.) 
Adelina Patti. (Keiir. 1916.) 
Adeline Kent. (Dien. 1917.) 
ADELi.^.'X'Pur. 1923.) 
A. DiMMOCK.' (Cowee 1905.) 
ADMiRABUEf(,|i^r|m. (Chaut. 1921.) 
Admiral BE^Tijij'k I (Brun. 1919) 



Admiration; (l^v^ 



mix}. 



rrrTTT 

Small CAPiTALS=approve' 



H7/OI^I) .1A5I'><)TI| A 
d < 



(Sou. 1898.) 
1923.) 
i.,1904.) 

^19.) 

^*21.) 
/I 'A a: 

i*l HA')I 



miration 
Adolf Jaenicii^ 
Adonis. Pri" 

Adora. (^ 
Adorable. '] 
ADOi^A^ppfj. 4|^ii^(L 

Aeolian. ^Q^WIj.Jf ^j.., .hjwa'.iji. 
Afterglow. ^Cri(9lf 19p^^) .,,,^,ii„u 
Agatha. (Kund. /l^j). „„,;)) ^,,1^^ 
Aglaja. Piii^j, i(kr^.,jl;949.;>^,,^i,r;.ij^A 
A. G. Nelson. ((|^t^j|lp,^^i)) .j:.r,v.MA 
Agricola. (qqod[,,l^^l,.^^i) ..i-^mai^A 
Ah. (I^^Rdf. ^^^?>h ,H,iM AHOMA'/iA 
Alabama. (Vos 1919.1, /I) .avma'a.yaA 
Alaska. Prii^()(('f^eiK>^919;^(jpLi:.i;)wA 
alatus (OHM .Ixin/I) fiuVI .aj();)'^A 
Alba Dea. (Cowee 1922.) aujRnanfi 
Albania. ({)5^ernpHiliQ'?^-).inii4 .atii/iA 
Albatre. (Chaut. (l^'IHO.ulO) .aki^A 
Albert. (.(;fi(?t >PjaO « luiaaM K'Av.k 
Albert Fi^.^j;() i(Br-WW(l)91G|.).K.iHA'/iw A 
ALBiA.(.P'rini..,,Uwd+^l)^i&^<)»u'r i'VAAA 
Albion. Prim. { .(Kiatid-.i ii9i6,.)i'rr;i/i w A 
Albion. (Jonk( .l|9il40 i^ai/i;»i7/ I'lmnA 
Albion. (Miet).ia'9l7|.)ll) .mi-iM ym/cA 
^LCAZAR(. *:(Btunu JtDlQti)!)/! ) .hmjiat/i A 
A.LCIBIADES. (BrilJIl 190l$).)l ) r/.iirr/.A 
A^^KA . iHA^ELixajKaci/ (Kin r h92ik^A 
Mi$^lAkgAou i itLimiJMiu /n )X y aouta A 
Aleppo. (Nor. 1922;) i-d/1) .ii>(>it>iA 



Ar) (Cy) (t) see page 1. 



comrhon names. Abbreviations: (Ag) (A; 



164 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Gladiolus, continued 

Alethea. Prim. (Kund. 1918.) 

Alfred Nobel. (Prest. 1923.) 

Alhambra. (Kund. 1917.) 

Alice Carey. (Teas 1913.) 

Alice TiPLADY. Prim. (Kund. 1915 ) 

Alicia. (Kund. 1921.) 

Aline. (Chi. 1906.) 

All-a-Glow. (Miller 1915.) 

Allen V. Bunce. (Pur. 1923.) 

Alma. (Dien. 1921.) 

Aloha. (Dien. 1922.) 

Alpha. (Kund. 1921.) 

Alpine Treasure. (Met. 1918.) 

Al Shira. (Kund. 1921.) 

Alta. (Met. 1918.) 

Altair. Prim. (Kund. 1916.) 

Altamyra. (Dien. 1923.) 

Alt-Heidelberg. Prim. (Pfit. 1921.) 

Alton. (Kund. 1917.) 

Amarillas. (Kund. 1912.) 

Amazone. (Chaut. 1921.) 

Ambassador. (Brown 1919.) 

America. (Chi. 1906.) 

American Beauty. (Dien. 1917.) 

American Indian. (Kund. 1916.) 

American Pillar. (Kund. 1918.) 

Americanus. (Kund. 1916.) 

Amerique. (Sou. 1897.) 

Ames. (Good. 1921.) 

Amethyst. (Stew. 1914.) 

Amstel. (Roos 1920.) 

Analine. (Kund. 1915.) 

An AMOS A. Prim. (Kund. 1916.) 

Angelina. (Kel.) 

Angelique. (Sou. 1890.) 

Angola. Prim. (Kund. 1916.) 

angustus 

Anita. Prim. (Kund. 1916.) 

Anna. (Chi. 1915.) 

Anna Eberius. (Dien. 1917.) 

Annabelle. (Brown 1922.) 

Anne Thompson. (Dien. 1920.) 

Annette. (Rus. 1923.) 

Annie Wigman. (Hop.) 

Anny. Prim. (Hop. 1916.) 

Antares. (Kund.-Fair. 1922.) 

Anthem. (Kund. 1918.) 

Anthony B. Kun-derd. (Kund. 1918.) 

Anthony Zonker. (Kund. 1922.) 

Antioch. (Met. 1917.) 

Antique. (Chaut. 1921.) 



Gladiolus, continued 
Antoinette. (Brun. 1909.) 
Apple Blossom. (Kund. 1923.) 
Apollo. (Jonk. 1914.) 
Appolon. Nan. (Sou. 1877.) 
Afpolon 

Aphrodite. Prim. (Chaut. 1921.) 
Arabia. (Hin. 1922.) 
Aramus. (Sou. 1914.) 
Arbutus. (Col. 1920.) 
Arcadia. (Kund. 1917.) 
Archimedes. (Brun. 1908.) 
Arcola. (Kund. 1917.) 
Arden. Prim. (Kund. 1921.) 
Ardmore. (Kund. 1918.) 
Arethusa. (Kel. 1919.) 
Argo. Prim. (Kund. 1915.) 
Ariadne. Prim. (Barr 1921.) 
Ariel. Prim. (Barr 1920.) 
Aristophanes. (Brun. 1908.) 
Arizona. (Kund. 1912.) 
Arizona Rose. (Kund. 1914.) 
Arizone. (Vos. 1916.) 
Arlington. (Kund. 1917.) 
Arlon. Prim. (Kund. 1918.) 
Armagnac. (Sou. 1894.) 
Arriere-Garde. (Sou. 1877.) 
Artist. (Met. 1923.) 
AsHBURN. (Kund. 1917.) 
Ashes of Roses. (Christy 1914.) 
Ashtabula. (M. & H. 1918.) 
Asia. Prim. (Grul. 1918.) 
Aspiration. (Kel.) 
AssuERus. (Sou. 1900.) 
Astra. Prim. (Kund. 1918.) 
Atalanta. Prim. (Krel. 1917.) 
Atherton. (Kund. 1918.) 
Athalia. Prim. (Krel. 1922.) 
Atlantic. (Brown 1919.) 
Atlantic. (Kund. 1921.) 
Atlantis. (Dien. 1921.) 
Atlas. (Grav. 1916.) 
Atreus. (Kund. 1921.) 
atroviolaceus 
Attalla. (Kund. 1917.) 
Attraction. (Chi. 1906.) 
Attraction. Prim. (Chaut. 1921.) 
Augusta. (Hal. prior to 1890.) 
Aurega. Dorothy Wheeler. 
Aurora. (Miller 1915.) 
Aurora Beauty. (Vel. 1916.) 
Autocrat. (Brown 1921.) 



GLADIOLUS 



165 



Gladiolus, continued 

Autumn. (Kund. 1917.) 

Autumn Queen. (Chi. 1918 ) 

Lillian. 
Autumn Splendor. (Kund. 1922.) 
AvALON. (Kund. 1916.) 
Ave Maria. (Cowee 1922.) 
Aviatrix. Prim. (Kemp 1922.) 
A. W. Clifford. (Kund. 1914.) 
A. W. Hunt. (Christy 1920.) 
Azure. (Stew. 1909.) 
Azalea. (Kund. 1912.) 
Baby Jane. Prim. (Vos 1921.) 
Badenia. (Pfit. 1909.) 
Baguette de Fee. (Sou. 1905.) 
Bahia. (Met. 1918.) 
Bajazet. (Brun. 1921.) 
Baltimore. (Cowee 1910.) 
Banshee. Prim. (KeL 1919.) 
Barclay. (Chi. 1907.) 
Baron J. Hulot. (Lem. 1896.) 
Baroness. (Kund. 1918.) 
Baronne d' Ivoley. (Brun. 1911 ) 
Battle Creek. (Kund. 1923.) 
Bayadere. (Brun. 1913.) 
Beacon. (Chi. 1917.) 
Beaconflame. (Kund.-Von. 1922.) 
Beatrice. (Pur. 1923.) 
Beatriz Michelena. (Dien. 1922.) 
Beaute d'Aout. (Brim. 1913.) 
Beaute de Juillet. (Sou. 1897.) 
Beauty. Prim. (Chaut. 1922.) 
Belvedere. (Dien. 1923.) 
Ben Lomond. (Met. 1917.) 
Benboa. (Kund. 1922.) 
Bengal Tiger. (Cris. 1921.) 
Berenice. (Brun. 1921.) 
Berkshire. (Cowee 1910.) 
Berlinia. (Cowee 1904.) 
Bernard Shaw. (Dien. 1923.) 
Bernice. (Black 1917.) 
Bernina. (Brun. 1910.) 
Bertha. (Cross. 1922.) 
Bertrex. (Aust. 1914.) 
Best Violet. (Kund. 1914.) 
Betty. Prim. (Brown 1922.) 
Betty Benning. (Nat. 1921.) 
Betty Cromwell. (Good. 1921.) 
Betty Murray. (Chris. 1923.) 
Beulah. (Black 1917.) 
Bevier. (Kund. 1923.) 
Bicolor. (Sou. 1882.) 



Gladiolus, continued 

Big Black. (Kund. 1915.) 
BiLLiKiN. (Drake 1921.) 
Billy Red. (Kund. 1916.) 
Bird-of- Paradise. Gaiety. 
Black Beauty. (Stew. 1911.) 
Black Joe. (Brest. 1918.) 
Black Pansy. (Kund. 1915.) 
Blackbird. (Kund. 1916.) 
Blackeye. (Kund. 1916.) 
Blackhawk. (Black 1915.) 
Blacks Early Pink. Early Pink. 
Blackstone. (Kund. 1916.) 
Blanche. (Chi. 1916.) 
Blanchfleur. (Sou. 1895.) 
Blasco Ibanez. (Dien. 1923.) 
Bleriot. (Brun. 1910.) 
Bloemhof. Nan. (Krel. 1911.) 
Blood Spot. (Kund. 1916.) 
Blue Iris. (Kund. 1916.) 
Blue Isle. (Kund. 1916.) 
Blue Lily. (Kund. 1921.) 
'Blue Orchid. (Kund. 1916.) 
Blue Ribbon. (Kund. 1922.) 
Bluejay. (Groff 1904.) 
Bluevista. (Aust. 1916.) 
Blush of Dawn. Prim. (Gibbs 

1923.) 
Blushing Beauty. (Kund. 1922.) 
Blushing Bride. Nan. 
Bobolink. Prim. (Kund. 1921.) 
Bohemian. (Brown 1921.) 
Bokhara. (Ream 1922.) 
BoLiNAS. (Dien. 1923.) 
Bonny. (Kund. 1921.) 
Bonny Belle. (Brown 1920.) 
Bopeep. (Chi. 1916.) 
Bordeaux. (Alk. 1916.) 
Bouquet. Prim. (Kund. 1918.) 
Bouquetd'Or. (Stew. 1911.) 
Break o' Day. (Pur. 1923.) 
Breakknoll Orchid. (Horn. 1922.) 
Brenchley G. (You. 1848.) G. 

brenchleyensis Cy. 
Brenchleyensis. Brenchley G. 
Brick Red. (Phi. 1922.) 
Bridesmaid. Nan. (Krel. 1911.) 
Bright Red. (Kund. 1915.) 
Brilliant. (Heem. 1922.) 
Brimstone. (Vos 1921.) 
British Lion. (Kel. 1919.) 
Bronze Queen. Prim. (Grul. 1916.) 



166 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Gladiolus, continued 

Bubbles. (Dien. 1921.) 
Buckeye. (Kund. 1921.) 
Buddy Harris. (Drake 1922.) 
Buff Beauty. (Grul. 1916.) 
Bumble Bee. (Kund. 1921.) 
Bunker Hill. (Met. 1917.) 
BuRRELL. (Wood. 1914.) 
Butterboy. Prim. (Kund. 1922.) 
Buttercup. Prim. (Grul. 1916.) 
Butterfly. (Cowee 1906.) 
Butterfly. Kunderd Butterfly. 
Bruno. (West. 19—.) 
Buzz. (Burb. 1921.) 
Byron L. Smith. (Kund. 1917.) 
byzantinus 

Cactiflora. (Kel. 1921.) 
Cairo. (Kund. 1917.) 
Calico. (Cob. 1921.) 
California. (Cowee 1907.) 
California Giant. (Dien. 1920.) 
Cameo. Prim. (Pur. 1923.) 
Ccmeo. (Kund. 1914.) 
Camp -IRE. (Met. 1923.) 
Canaxdaigua Red. (Pur. 1923.) 
Canaribird. Prim. (Chaut. 1921.) 
Canary Bird. (Chi. 1914.) 
Canary Queen. (Kund. 1917.) 
Candidus. (Aust. 1914.) Candidum. 
Canicule. (Sou. 1904.) 
Canopus. Prim. (Kund. 1915.) 
Capella. Prim. (Kund. 1915.) 
Capitaine Ferber. (Lem. 1909.) 
Capricorne. (Sou. 1905.) 
Capt. a. C. Baker. (Dien. 1916.) 
Capt. Boynton. (Unit. 1922.) 
Capt. C. B. Tanner. (Chi. 1914.) 
Capt. Fryatt. (Grul. 1919.) 
Captivation. (Miller 1915.) 
Cardinal. (Chi. 1904.) 
Cardinal King. (Kund. 1912.) 
cardinalis 

Cardisun. (Aust. 1914.) 
Carmalita. (Pur. 1923.) 
Carmelite. (Sou. 1896.) 
Carmen. (Lem. 1916.) 
Carmen Sylva. (Prest. 1918.) 
Carmilita. (Dien. 1923.) 
Carmine Kid. (Pur. 1923.) 
Carnation. (Sou. 1876.) 



Gladiolus, continued ,„. t-^ 

Carnival. (Brown 1922.) -ivrA 
Caroline F. Burke. (Dien. 1917^)^ 
Caroline EsBERG. (Dien. 1921.), 
Casa Blanca. (Lem. 1907.) \^ 
Cassandra. Prim. (Kund. 1918.) ^ 
Cassilda. (Brun. 1909.) a 

Catherina. (Vel. 1916.) 
Catherine Coleman. (Col. 19 — .)' 
Cattleya. (Hop. 1916.) 
Celestia Doris. (Good. 1918.) 
Centenary. Nan. (Krel. 1911.) 
Ceres. (Sou. 1877.) 
Challenge. (Met. 1918.) ( 

Challenger. (Kund. 1915.) [ 

Chameleon. (Pur. 1923.) 
Charbonnier 

Charlemagne. (Lem. 1906.) 
Charles Bertier. (Brun. 1909.) 
Charles L. Hutchison. (Vaug; 

1911.) 
Charlie Kohler. (Kund. 1916.) 
Charm. (Kund. 1921.) 
Charmer. (Miller 1915.) 
Chateau Thierry. (Vos 1920.) 
Chautauqua Red. (Chaut. 1921.) 
Chautauqua Sunset. (Chaut. 1921.) 
Chautauqua White. (Chaut. 1921.) 
Cheer. (Kund. 1921.) 
Cheerful. (Wood 1917.) 
Cherry King. (Kund. 1912.) 
Cherry Spot. (Kund. 1921.) 
Chicago Red. (Vaug. 1912.) 
Chicacx) Salmon. (Hoeg-Vaug 1917.) 
Chicago WhiTe. (Kund. 1912.) 
Chief Oshkosh. (Meh. 1916.) 
Chiffonette. (Kund. 1916.) 
Childs G. G. childsi Cy. 
Childsi. Childs G. 
Chipmunk. (Met. 1923.) 
Chocolate. (Black 1917.) 
Chocolate Drop. (Stew. 1912.) 
Chosen Queen. (Met. 1922.) 
Chris. (Grul. 1919.) 
Christine M. Kelw.\y. (Kel. 1913.) 
Christine Treur. (Vos 1920.) 

Miss Christine Treur. 
Cicely. Prim. (Chur. 1920.) ^ 
Cincinnati. (Chi. 1915.) 
Cincinnatus Heine. (Kund. 1916.) 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. /r.4iic=synonyms or unapproved names. 



aaMAW Tl^A3lflA0SSi0^Aa^AT8 



86(67 



Gladiolus, continu^JJ^i^noo .euJoioAjO 
CiNDfeimLi?"^M)^t-.ni0tf^.)>iooAHa 
Cinderella, mm [mwMd'M^^^^^ 
CiNNA. (S^&i.ai?:^!^) .AJJiauflQ 
Cinnabar. ((I^aii^d.i'^^.)-^^^'^^^ 

.l90lb^NMi?)i B«ii#iT(r0^iM efil^.yQ 
Circe. (Kund. 1916.) (-^^6^ ^ 

.l9^i)rRON^esaV^i4IS-'# 1^2.^8aHOua 
Citronella. (Pur. 1923.) (-^^61 
CLAREMoM^iE;al)f?03a.)-8iAJMTja 

CLARfe^IG/Cfmil^i5.-)>I3A^9 YJflAa 
(Ciei]ftt'i^.04Kuffli7'i91^^oM YJAAg 

€MgiiiGbn(^nGr^Q'923c^^-a'I '^^3^3 

^^0^iAR(^fe ^PSi^O^n^f )I«/3 

Clemenceau. (B.eem^'^g^M'^^ ^ 

C0LIBl^l^e(4^Mc)(Ml^«^^ug YJflA^ 

CoLE'^^.eiCBifttt/^^mfitP? aaT8Aa 
Colleen. A|^<¥9'%/1) -'^^^^g 
Colonial! -^ptfl'TO?}) •aaf'i"oa 
CoLORS.4miif^p.)-mn'I -^a^ 
CoLos^E^^?ti-te;#3:;E7,^ -^^1^3 
Columbia. {C&lfi9m^) -^^^^"^ 

Comet. (KrdV^ 



commm 

CoM-t^*! 



.irIO) .AVLoR 



Si." 



Conq 
Cons 

Contrast. X 
Copperhead, 

Corticelli./ ^^f. X' 

C0RUNNA(.oik|imy- 
CORYT^J yyusHvtt). 

Countess Annesley 



iiWqAO ja 

nnj .ayLiAja 

^il) .aTAj3 

fM) .Asja 

.vioTaaaja 

LQ) .AQIYJa 

r .oa/.flooja 

.obmoWa. 

[D aoviASja 

V .AaToaja 

.koMAoaja 

Countess (^.^fesflggf). .ffiif^'^. .fel 
1923.) ^ j^.Qi .nelQ) .\^^ 



Gladiolus, continu^a""^*"^'^ .euJOiaAjO 

CouNTE(s§'^y ILIej^^i^T^iS^''^'P?.{^.^^fe.) 
Country B^)tl'*rmKliatM?t)2^y 
Country^ ^Qit/v'I^'^i-<Wt-''i'^59.) 

<3m%ki^.'&l-K':»ifq(SWo?'1fBiTJ--^Sl 

CREiiifiSSI ^fm^PfA i(W)iH0tuaa 
Crepi^: i 4^iAnli • 1 ^ HtWt4l92mF''^^? 
Crescent ^rfMiNV"(KynfB^'9lW4^ 

Cres^x^'-^^^IK^m. -mm) ■^My^^'^^ 

Crimson Gjimi^m^m^'^^-^^i 



Crinkles. (K 

cruent 

CryAt' 

CULEBRA 

Curt E 




Crimson S^e:k^j^ui?a?gp^5;^Jg 






:aaia 
aiQ 




Dainty 
Daisy 
Daisy 
Damon, ^v 
Dante. \pu 
Daphne 



i.w^iji/z.i.a 




DARKNEp^Oj.(I^ ' ' 

Darling .7Tp( 



.8iAa/l AaoQ 
^) .vraaaoQ 

^n^^AiaoQ 
.aiaoQ 

'(ij^oQ 
oaoQ 




DaviI 

Dawn. (Travjj^(>| 

Dawn. Ghc^i^; 

fisia77 " ""^."jrH^iifeec , . 
Daybreak. {Iracy \\ 

Daytoi^A:.o/ 

i8fe)ywi^\. ..... 

De Lamarlc. Lamark. (.YIOI 

Decatur. ((0^1^. .l^O.oooH .aQ 
DEFifftjpjx Ai^M9jl;(mgi)^aA8l .aQ 
^r^.m^- .MmW M^:^Y^ .H .L .aQ 

e^^i.^SjMjClVMMli'A^J^iAoaziJ .aQ 



k^^^L^M^'^^vedP^JAmc^iai^s! Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) ((^^^^'I^O^!^^ 



Small Ca 



168 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Gladiolus, continued 
Del Monte. (Dien. 1923.) 
Delphi. (Kund. 1917.) 
Desdemona. (Sou. 1903.) 
Desert Sunrise. Prim. (Chi. 1922.) 
Deuilde St. Pierre. (Sou. 1894.) 
Deutchland. (Graetz 1920.) 
Dew-drop. Nan. (Lil. 1911.) 
Dewdrop. (Kund. 1921.) 
Deurlrop. Prim. (Pur. 1923.) 
Devens. (Brown 1918.) 
Dexter. Prim. (Kund. 1916.) 
Diana. (Zees., J. 1923.) 
Diane. (Brun. 1912.) 
Dick. (Hog. 1917.) 
Diener White. (Dien. 1917.) 
Display. (Groff 1917.) 
Distinction. Prim. 
Distinctive. (Brown 1919.) 
Dixie. (Kund. 1917.) 
DiXMUDE. Prim. (Vilm. 1922.) 
D. J. Whitney. (Dien. 1917.) 
Dominion. (Groff 1909.) Red Ern- 

peror. 
Domino. (Prou. 1922.) 
Don Juan. (Kund. 1923.) 
DoNORA. (Kund. 1917.) 
Dora Krais. (Pfit. 1900.) 
DoREEN. (Pur. 1923.) 
DoRENE. (Kund. 1913.) 
Dorian. Prim. (Kund. 1921.) 
Doris. (Brown 1919.) 
Doris. Prim. (Kund. 1921.) 
Dorothy. (Brown 1921.) 
Dorothy McKibben. (Kund. 1918.) 
Dorothy Wheeler. Prim. (Kund.- 

Fair. 1922.) Aurega. 
DoRRiT. (Kund. 1921.) 
Doublet. (Kund. 1915.) 
Dr. Adolph Rosenthal. (Dien. 

1922.) 
Dr. Elkins. (Kund. 1922.) 
Dr. F. E. Bennett. (Dien. 1922.) 
Dr. Frederick J. V. Skiff. (Met 

1917.) 
Dr. Hogg. (Kel. 1916.) 
Dr. Isabelle D. Kerr. (Fis.) 
Dr. J. H. Neeley. (Kund. 1923.) 
Dr. Lincoln Cothran. (Dien. 1917.) 
Dr. Whitecomb. (Brown 1922.) 
Dr. W. Van Fleet. (Kund. 1922.) 
dracocephalus 



Gladiolus, continued 

Dragon. Prim. (Kund. 1922.) 

Dream. (Kund. 1918.) 

Drusilla. (Brown 1921.) 

Dryade. (Chi. 1918.) 

Duchess of Rutland. Prim. (Kel. . 

1923.) 
Duchess of Wellington. (Kel. 

1914.) 
DuNLAPS. (Kund. 1917.) 
Early Black. (Kund. 1916.) 
Early Morn. Prim. (Kel. 1919.) 
Early Pendleton. (Kund. 1916.) 
Early Pink. (Black 1914.) Blacks 

Early Pink. 
Early Snowflake. (Kemp. 1921.) 
Early Sunrise. (Alk. 1915.) 
Easter Bells. (Aust. 1914.) 
Ebony. (Kund. 1921.) 
Eclipsed. (Brown 1920.) 
Eda. Prim. (Kund. 1921.) 
Eden. Prim. (Kund. 1921.) 
Edgar. (Wri. 1918.) 
Edith. (Brown 1920.) 
Edith Cavell. (Keur. 1916.) Miss 

Edith Cavell. 
Edith Wooster. (Dien. 1922.) 

Miss Edith Wooster. 
Edna. (Chi. 1904.) 
Edouard Greig. (Lem. 1907.) 
Edwin Mayer. Erwin Mayer. 
Effective. (Nat. 1921.) 
E. G. Hill. (Kund. 1922.) 
Egret. Prim. (Chaut. 1921.) 
E. J. Shaylor. (Kund. 1918.) 
El Capitan. (Kund.-Cham. 1913.) 
Elaine. (Brown 1922.) 
Elate. (Kund. 1921.) 
Elba. (Kund. 1917.) 
Elberton. Prim. (Kund. 1916.) 
Elvida. (Dien. 1922.) 
Eldorado. Prim. (Vel. 1916.) 
Eldorado. (Met. 1918.) 
Eleanor Gray. (Nat. 1921.) 
Electra. (Hop. 1913.) 
Elegance. (Kund. 1918.) 
Elegance. Prim. (Chaut. 1921.) 
Elegant Beauty. Prim. (Kund. 

1918.) 
Elf. Prim. (Kel. 1919.) 
Elf. (Dien. 1921.) 
Elfin. Prim. (Pur. 1923.) 



GLADIOLUS 



169 



Gladiolus, continued 

Elida. (Brown 1923.) 

Elizabeth Gerberding. (Dien.1917.) 

Elizabeth Hardee. (Dien. 1921.) 

Elizabeth Kurtz. (Pfit. 1908.) 

Elizabeth Tabor. (Hin. 1922.) 

Elkhart. (Kund. 1917.) 

Ellen Roosevelt. (Keur 1916.) 

Miss Ellen Roosevelt. 
Elora. (Bur. 1916.) 
Else Rose. (Dien. 1917.) 
Elsie. (Oes. 1922.) 
Elsyanna. (Pur. 1923.) 
Embossed Yellow. (Stew. 1910.) 
Emile Auburn. (Lem. 1910.) 
Emilie Ashe. (Dien. 1920.) 
Emma Tucker. (Gage 1917.) 
Empress of India. (Vel. 1908.) 
Enchantress. (Miller 1913.) 
Enigma. (Kund. 1921.) 
Enon. Prim. (Kund. 1918.) 
Epheus. (Kund. 1921.) 
Epicure. (Brun. 1908.) 
Epicure. Prim. (Chaut. 1921.) 
Eric Larson. (Met. 1923.) 
Eros. (Vos. 1916.) 
Erwin Mayer. (Pfit. 1908.) Edmn 

Mayer. 

ESCARBOUCLE, (SoU. 1891.) 

EsTA. (Kund. 1918.) 

EsTELLA. (Kund. 1916.) 

Esther Olson. (Dien. 1921.) 

Etendard. (Lem. 1917.) 

Etna. (Brun. 1912.) 

Etoile de Soir. (Brun. 1911.) 

Etta Davis. (Met. 1923.) 

EucHARis. (Sou. 1899.) 

EuDORA. (Dien. 1923.) 

Eugene Lefebure, (Lem. 1909.) 

Eugene Scribe. (Sou.-Vilm. 1868.) 

Europa. (Pfit. 1910.) 

EuRYDicE. Prim. (Krel. 1919.) 

Evaline. (Wood. 1916.) Smoky 

Violet. 
Evelyn Kirtland. (Aust. 1916.) 
Evening Red. (Vos 1916.) 
Eventide. (Brown 1919.) 
Evolution. (Groff 1904.) 
Evolution Perfectus. (Groff 1910.) 
Excello. (Kund. 1923.) 
Excelsa. (Groff 1911.) 
Excelsior. (Chaut. 1921.) 



Gladiolus, continued 

Expansion. (Chi. 1907.) 

Exquisite. (Kund. 1921.) 

Ezra Rust. (Black 1917.) 

Faerie. (Kund. 191.5.) 

Fair Columbian. (Kund. 1915.) 

Fair King. (Vos 1920.) 

Fair Lady. (Proc. 1923.) Lady Fair. 

Fairest White. (Kund. 1918.) 

Fairfax. (Dien. 1917.) 

Fairfield. (Kund. 1916.) 

Fairland. (Kund. 1921.) 

Fairy. (Stew. 1912.) Mrs. J. H. 

Lancashire. 
Fairy. Prim. (Chaut. 1921.) 
Fairy Queen. Prim. (Chaut. 1921.) 
Faith. Prim. (Vos 1921.) 
Falcon. (Met. 1918.) 
Fanny H. Beals. (Alex. 1923.) 
Fantome. (Chi. 1918.) 
Fascinator. (Miller 1915.) 
Fastidious. (Pur. 1923.) 
Faun. Prim. (Kund. 1918.) 
Faust. (Cowee 1906.) 
Faust. George Paul. 
Favorite. (Kund. 1921.) 
Fayette. (Kund. 1917.) 
F. Bergman. (Lem.) 
Federal. (Brown 1921.) 
Fenway. (Brown 1922.) 
Fern Kyle. (Kund. 1922.) 
Fernando Cortez. (Sou. 1902.) 
Feuille Morte. (Swett 1917.) 
Feyen Perrin. (Lem. 1903.) 
Field Marshal Haig. (Vaug. 1918 ) 
Fiery King. Prim. 
FiLLE DE France. (Sou. 1888.) 
Fire King. (Chi. 1914.) 
Fire Queen. Prim. (Grul. 1918.) 
Fire Ribbon. (Kund. 1915.) 
FiREFLARE. (Chi. 1916.) 
Firefly. Prim. (Kund. 1916.) 
FiREGLOW. (Kund. 1921.) 
Flambeau. (Miller 1915.) 
Flame. (Dien. 1921.) 
Flame. Prim. (Chaut. 1921.) 
Flaming Vale. (Kund. 1921.) 
Flamingo. Prim. (Chaut. 1921.) 
F. L. Oakley. (Chi. 1904.) 
Flora. (Vel. 1917.) 
Flora. Prim. (Chaut. 1921.) 
Floral Treasure. (Kund. 1916.) 



170 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Gladiolus, continued 

Floreal. (Brun. 1909.) 

Florence. (Sou. 1907.) 

Florence Young. (Met. 1922.) 

Florian. Prim. (Kund. 1918.) 

floribundus 

Florida. (Stew. 1904.) 

Formosa. (Nat. 1920.) 

Frances Willard. (Stew. 1912.) 

Frank J. Symmes. (Dien. 1917.) 

Franz Hals. Prim. (Unit. 1921.) 

Frau Gustav Cless. (Pfit. 1909.) 

Fraulein. (Scheu. 1915.) 

Fraulein Betty Kuchler. (Pfit 
1914.) 

Freckles. (Pur. 1923.) 

Freda. (Sal. 1923.) 

Fremont. (Met. 1918.) 

Friendship. (Vos1916.) 

Friendship. Prim. (Kel. 1916.) 

Frilled G. G. kunderdi Cy. 

Frilled Pink. (Wood, 1915.) 

Frithjof. (Krel. 1914.) 

Frolic. (Kund. 1921.) 

Gaiety. (Kund. 1913.) Bird-of- 

Paradise. 
Gandavensis. Ghent G. 
Garabaldi. (Met. 1923.) 

Gay Boy. (Kund. 1916.) 

Gay Butterfly. (Black 1915.) 

Geisha. (Dien. 1923.) 

Gene. (Kund. 1921.) 

General Gallieni. (Lem. 1897.) 

General Joffre. (Vos 1916.) 

General Kouropatkine. (Vilm. 

1904.) 
General Langlois. (Lem. 1905.) 
General Marina. (Brun. 1909.) 
General Pershing. (Kir. 1918.) 
General Suerdorff. 
Geneva. (Brown 1920.) 
Genevieve Bothin. (Dien. 1920.) 
George B. Remsen. (Chi. 1907.) 
George Paul. (Lem. 1884.) Faust, 

Harvard. 
George Vollmar. (Chi. 1910.) 
Georgette. Prim. (Col. 1920.) 
Georgia. (Vos 1916.) 
Geralda. (Chi. 1915.) 
Geraldine Farrar. (Dien. 1923.) 



Gladiolus, continued 
Germa. (Unit. 1923.) 
Ghent G. G. gandavensis Cy. 
Ghost. Prim. (Kel. 1919.) 
Giant Fawn. (Kund. 1915.) 
Giant Myrtle. (Kund. 1918.) 
Giant Nymph. (Col. 1921.) 
Giant Pink. (Cowee 1903.) 
Giant Salmon. (Kund. 1917.) 
Giant White. (Kund. 1912.) 
Gigantic. (Hop. 1912.) 
Gil Blas. (Lem. 1894.) 
Gladdie Boy. Prim. (Pur. 1923.) 
Gladis Plath. (Dien. 1920.) 
Gladys Harkness. (Van B. 1922.) 

Miss Gladys Harkness. 
Gleam. (Miller 1915.) 
Gleamer. (Brown 1921.) 
Glencoe. (Kund. 1917.) 
Glendale. (Dav. 1923.) 
Gloriana. (Kund. 1923.) 
Gloriosa. (Nat. 1921.) 
Glorious. (Met. 1918.) 
Glory. (Chi. 1908.) 
Glory. KuNDERD Glory. 
Glory of Brightw^ood. (Chi. 1916.) 
Glory of Concord. (Roos 1922.) 
Glory of Holland. (Alk. 1914.) 

Holland Giant. 
Glory of Kennermerland. (Alk. 

1916.) 
Glory OF NoRDwiJK. (Alk. 1916.) 
Glory of Pembroke. (Kir. 1920.) 
Glow. Prim. (Chaut. 1921.) 
GoDETiA Flora. (Chi. 1916.) 
Gold. (Hoeg 1919.) 
Gold Bound. (Col. 1920.) 
Gold Coin. (Black 1917.) 
Gold Drop. Prim. (Kund. 1915.) 
Gold Dust. Prim. (Chaut. 1921.) 
Gold Pheasant. (McKib. 1922.) 
Gold Quelle. (Pfit. 1913.) 
Gold Throat. (Kund. 1915.) 
Golden Buff. (Kund. 1918.) 
Golden Butterfly. Prim. (Kund. 

1921.) 
Golden Gate. Prim. (Kund. 1915.) 
Golden Gem. (Col. 1920.) 
Golden Girl. Prim. (Kel. 1912.) 



BOLD-face^approved scientific names. /rAZic=synonyms or unapproved names. 



GLADIOLUS 



171 



Gladiolus, continued 

Golden Gleam. Prim. (Kund. 

1922.) 
Golden Glory. (Kund. 1916.) 
Golden Glow. (Hoeg 1917.) 
Golden Goblet. (Grul. 1921.) 
Golden King. (Black 1914.) 
Golden Measure. (Kel. 1912.) 
Golden Nugget. (Teas 1914.) 
Golden Nugget. Prim. (Ghaut. 1921.) 
Golden Orchid G. G. purpureo- 

auratus. 
Golden Princess. Prim. (Black 

1918.) 
Golden Queen. (Stew. 1908.) 
Golden Spur. Prim. (Pur. 1923.) 
Golden Tinge. (Kund. 1921.) 
Golden Wedding. Prim. (Chi. 

1921.) 
Golden West. (Dames 1912.) 
Goldenrod. (Chi. 1921.) 
Goldfinch. Prim. (Chaut. 1921.) 
Goldfinch. (Brown 1919.) 
Goliath. (Vel. 1913.) 
Gorgeous. (Miller 1915.) 
GoRGONE. (Brun. 1910.) 
Goshen. (Kund. 1923.) 
Gov. Calvin Coolidge. (Smith, E. M. 

1921.) 
Gov. Hanley. (Kund. 1912.) 
Grand Conde. (Sou. 1903.) 
Grand Violet. (Swett 1916.) 
Grande Blanche. (Vel. 1916.) 
Grandee. (Burb. 1921.) 
Grandesse. (Chi. 1916.) 
Grandeur. (Kund. 1916.) 
Grandiflora. (Pur. 1923.) 
grandis 

Gregor Mendel. (Pur. 1923.) 
Grenadier. Velvet King. 
Gretchen Zang. (Aust. 1915.) 
Greylock. (Cowee 1922.) 
Groff Dawn. (Groff 1906.) Dawn. 
Gruss aus Calw. 
Gypsie Queen. (Kund. 1921.) 
H. A. Hyde. (Dien. 1920.) Mr. H 

A. Hyde. 
Halley. (Vel. 1910.) 
Harmony. (Met. 1916.) 
Harry Veitch. (Brun. 1913.) 



Gladiolus, continued 
Harvard. George Paul. 
Harvest Moon. (Hain. 1923.) 
Harwinton. (White 1914.) 
Hasenberg. (Pfit. 1905.) 
Haubenstaufen 
Hawaii. (Dien. 1920.) 
Hazel Dawn. (Hoeg 1923.) 
Hazel Grossman. (Gros. 1922.) 
Hazel Harvey. (Mun. 1914.) 
Heart of JuANiTA. (Dien. 1921.) 
Helen. (Chi. 1914.) 
Helen Franklin. (Kund. 1919.) 

Miss Helen Franklin. 
Helen Goldman. (Hoeg 1917.) 
Helen Pearl. Prim. (Spen. 1923.) 
Helen Todd. (Dien. 1917.) 
Helga. (Kund. 1921.) 
Heliotrope. (Lem. 1905.) 
Henri Lemoine. (Lem. 1903.) 
Henry C. Goehl. (Fis. 1916.) 
Henry F. Bechman. (Dien. 1923.) 

Mr. Henry Bechman. 
Henry Ford. (Dien. 1923.) 
Her Majesty. (Chris. 1923.) 
Herada. (Aust. 1916.) 
Hermes. (Kund. 1923.) 
Hermoine. Prim. (Krel. 1917.) 
Herndon. (Kund. 1917.) 
Hesperia. Prim. (Krel. 1917.) 
Hestia. (Kund. 1921.) 
Hiawatha. (Hoeg 1912.) 
Highland Laddie. (McKib. 1919.) 
Hilda. (Hop. 1916.) 
Hildegarde. (Stew. 1919.) 
HiLLGIRT. (Hutt 1922.) 
HiLo. (Kund. 1917.) 
hirsutus 

HoBBEMA. Prim. (Unit. 1921.) 
Hohenstaufen. (Pfit. 1906.) 
Hohenzollern. (Vel. 1912.) 
Holland Giant. Glory of Holland. 

HOLLANTHA. (1910.) 

Hollyhock. (Kund. 1921.) 
Homely Lass. Prim. (Kel. 1923.) 
Homestead Favorite. (Gibbs 1923 ) 
HoosiCK. (Chi. 1916.) 
HoosiER. (Kund. 1921.) 
HoRTENSE. (Tracy 1918.) 
HuBERTUS. (Vel. 1916.) 



Small CAPiXALS^approved common names. Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (f) see page 1, 



172 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Gladiolus, continued 

Humdinger. (Pur. 1923.) 

Humming Bird. (Kund. 1921.) 

Hyacinth. (Hoeg 1917.) 

Hyde Park. (Baer-Vaug. 1914.) 

Hydra. (Pur. 1923.) 

Icarus. Prim. (Krel. 1922.) 

Ida. Prim. (Vel.) 

Ida Vann. (Kund. 1913.) 

I. Excel. (Kund. 1916.) 

Ilion. (Kund. 1918.) 

Illinois. (Vos 1916.) 

Illuminator. Prim. (Hin. 1922.) 

Immensity. (Kund. 1921.) 

Imperator. (Heem. 1923.) 

Imperial. (Met. 1918.) 

Improved Klondyke. 

Ina Collins. (Dien. 1917.) 

Incendiary, (Lem. 1895.) 

Independence. (Wood. 1914.) 

Indian. (Kund. 1921.) 

Indian Boy. Prim. (Chaut. 1921.) 

Indian Maid. (Kund. 1922.) 

Indian Summer. Prim. (Kund. 1917. 

Indianapolis. (Kund. 1916.) 

Indianola. (Kund. 1918.) 

Intensity. (Cowee 1906.) 

Invincible. (Met. 1918.) 

loLA. Prim. (Kund. 1916.) 

Irene. (Pur. 1923.) 

Iris Spray. (Tracy 1918.) 

Isaac Buchanan. (Chi. 1892.) 

I. S. Hendrickson. (Chi. 1903.) 

IvANHOE. (Kund. 1923.) 

IvoRiNE. (Chi. 1918.) 

Ivory. (Kund. 1912.) 

Ivory. Prim. (Chaut. 1921.) 

J. A. Carbone. (Dien. 1922.) 

Jacinthe. (Tracy 1918.) 

Jack Frost. (Hoeg 1915.) 

Jack London. (Dien. 1917.) 

Jacoba Van Beirren. 

James H. Veitch. (Lem. 1916.) 

Jane. Prim. (Grul. 1916.) 

Jane Dieulafoy. (Lem. 1894.) 

Japan. (Met. 1922.) 

Jap. Lady. (Prest. 1923.) 

Jaune d'Oeuf. Prim. (Grul. 1916.) 

J. C. Rudolph. (Brown 1923.) 

Jean Bart. (Sou. 1901.) 

Jean du Taillis. (Lem. 1907.) 

JeanKlock. (Nat. 1921.) 



Gladiolus, continued 
Jeanne d^ Arc. Reine d'Anjou. 
Jenny Lind. (Hoeg 1921.) 
Jessie. (Vaug. 1914.) 
Jessie Palmer. (Kund. 1919.) 
Jessie Winter. Prim. (Kel. 1923.) 
Jewell. Prim. (Chaut. 1921.) 
Joan DE Wit. Prim. (Unit. 1921.) 
Joe Coleman. (Kund. 1915.) 
Johannsfleur. (Vos 1920.) 
John Dunbar. (Kund. 1923.) 
John E. Peabody. (Met. 1923.) 
John M. Coulter. (Dien. 1917.) 
John M. Good. (Vos 1920.) 
John T. Pirie. (Kund. 1922.) 
Jonathan Webb. (Dien. 1917.) 
Joseph Field. (Dien. 1922.) 
Josephine. Prim. (Col. 1920.) 
Josephine Dennison. (Met. 1918.) 
Josephine Kelway. Prim. (Kel. 

1916.) 
Joshua. (Met. 1922.) 

JOL^ERT 

Joy. (Kund. 1923.) 

Joy Laird. (Kund. 1922.) 

J. P. Koen. Prim. (Unit. 1921.) 

JuANiTA. (Met. 1917.) 

Julia. (Kund. 1921.) 

Juliette. Prim. (Way. 1921.) 

Jumbo. (Prest. 1914.) 

June. (Kund. 1915.) 

June Delight. (Kund. 1918.) 

Juno. Prim. (Col. 1920.) 

JuNON. (Brun. 1912.) 

Kasson. (Kund. 1917.) 

Katherine F. Hess. (Dien. 1921.) 

Kearny. (Chi. 1912.) 

Kenan Hasselaer. Prim. (Unit. 

1921.) 
Kenosha. (Kund. 1921.) 
Kentfield. (Dien. 1917.) 
KiLiMA. (Kund. 1918.) 
Killdeer. (Chris. 1923.) 
King Authur. (Kund. 1922.) 
King of Belgium. (Nat. 1921.) 
King of Reds. (Nat. 1921.) 
King of the Blues. (Grul. 1916.) 
King of the Yellows. Prim. 

(Grul. 1916.) 
King Philip. (White 1914.) 
King Smoke. (Kund. 1916.) 



GLADIOLUS 



173 



Gladiolus, continued 

Kitty Grullemans. Prim. (Grul. 

1916.) 
Klondyke. (Christy 1907.) 
KoNiGiN WiLHELMiNA. Nan. (Krel. 

1892.) 
Konigin Wilhelmina. Queen Wil- 

HELMINA. 

KoHiNOOR. Prim. (Chaut. 1921.) 

KoKOMO. (Pur. 1923.) 

KuNDERD Butterfly. Prim. (Kund. 

1915.) Butterfly. 
KuNDERD Glory. (Kund. 1911.) 

Glory. 
KuNDERD Orange. (Kund. 1912.) 
Kunderi Cy. Frilled G. 
L' Adorable. Prim. (Grul. 1916.) 
L'Ancre. Prim. (Vilm. 1922.) 
L'Ardre. Prim. (Vilm. 1922.) 
L'EcAiLLON. Prim. (Vilm. 1922.) 
L'Immaculee. (DeR.) 
L'Innocence. (Brun. 1912.) 
L'OiSEAu Bleu. (Hop. 1923.) 
L'Orillon. Prim. (Vilm. 1922.) 
L'Unique. Prim. (Grul. 1918.) 
L' Yser. Prim. (Vilm. 1922.) 
La Beaute. (Heem. 1922.) 
La Candeur. (Sou. 1903.) 
La Camellia 

La Citroniere. Prim. (Grul. 1916.) 
La Comte. (1910.) 
La Couronne. (Lem. 1908.) 
La Cousance. Prim. (Vilm. 1922.) 
La Cream. (Kund. 1921.) 
LaDeule. Prim. (Vilm. 1922.) 
La Dormoise. Prim. (Vilm. 1922.) 
La Grandesse. (Vel. 1916.) 
La Lorraine. (Sou. 1904.) 
La Luna. (Groff 1904.) 
La Lys. Prim. (Vilm. 1922.) 
La Meuse. Prim. (Vilm. 1922.) 
La Nuit. (Lem. 1904.) 
La Pactole. (Kel. 1916.) 
La Perle du Jardin. (Hop. 1916.) 
LaSanterre. Prim. (Vilm. 1922.) 
La Saviere. Prim. (Vilm. 1922.) 
La Selle. Prim. (Vilm. 1922.) 
La Semoigne. Prim. (Vilm. 1922.) 
La Sensee. Prim. (Vilm. 1922.) 
La Serene. Prim. 
La Ternoise. Prim. (Vilm. 1922.) 
La Vange. (Kund. 1918.) 



Gladiolus, continued 

La Vezouze. Prim. (Vilm. 1922.) 

Lacordiere. (Lem. 1895.) 

Lady de Trafford. Prim. (Kel. 

1923.) 
Lady Fair. Fair Lady. 
Lady H. de Walden. (Lem. 1898.) 
Lady Joan Verne y. Prim. (Kel. 

1922.) 
Lady Katherine. (De G. 1922.) 
Lady Mostyn. Prim. (Kel. 1923.) 
Lady of the Lake. (Shea. 1922.) 
Lady White. Prim. (Ump. 1922.) 
Laeken. (Krel. 1919.) 
Laetitia. Prim. (Krel. 1916.) 
Lafayette. (Lem. 1894.) 
Lagunitas. (Dien. 1923.) 
Lamarck. (Lem. 1894.) De Lamarck. 
Lancelot. (Pur. 1923.) 
Lapageria. (Pfit. 1906.) 
Large Buff. (Kund. 1915.) 
Larkspur. (Met. 1922.) 
^ Latonia. Prim. (Krel. 1918.) 
Laurens Koster. Prim. (Unit. 

1921.) 
Laurain. (Chi. 1917.) 
Lavender. (Stew. 1920.) 
Lavender America. (Kund. 1915.) 
Lavender Beauty. (Alex. 1923.) 
Lavendula. (Groff-Cowee 1910.) 
Le Cid. (Sou. 1896.) 
Le Clignon. Prim. (Vilm. 1922.) 
Le Marechal Foch. (Van D. 1919.) 
Le Poussin. (Sou. 1877.) 
Le Triomphe. (Sou. 1902.) 
Le Verrier. (Lem. 1901.) 
Leander. Prim. (Grul. 1916.) 
Lemoinei. (Lem. 1880.) Hybrid group. 
Lemon King. Prim. (Pur. 1923.) 
Lemon Pillar. Prim. (Grul. 1916.) 
Lemon Queen. Prim. (Grul. 1916.) 
Lene Graetz. (Graetz 1923.) 
Leona. (Met. 1917.) 
Leota. (Col. 1920.) 
Leviathan. (Kel. 1919.) 
Liberty. (Tracy 1914.) 
Liberty. Prim. (Chaut. 1921.) 
Liebesfeuer. (Vel. 1912.) 
Lilac Glory. (Kund. 1923.) 
Lilac Queen. (Hoeg 1917.) 
Lilac Unique. (Kund. 1921.) 
LiLiTH. (Kund. 1918.) 



174 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Gladiolus, continued 

Lillian. (Kund. 1922.) 

Lillian. Autumn Queen. 

Lillian Guernsey. (Dien. 1920) 

Miss Lillian Guernsey. 
Lillian H. Coffin. (Dien. 1917.) 
Lillian Webb. (Dien. 1917.) 
Lily Blotch. (Kund. 1915.) 
Lily Lehman. (Alk. 1909.) 
Lily White. (Kund. 1915.) 
Linda. (Met. 1923.) 
Linton. Prim. (Kund. 1916.) 
Liss. (Vel. 1917.) 
Little Blush. (Chi. 1898.) 
Little Daisy. (Kund. 1916.) 
Little Diajviond. (Kund. 1915.) 
Lizzie. (Chi. 1900.) 
LoA LuvERNE. (Kund. 1923.) 
LoELLA. (Kund. 1918.) 
Lois. Prim. (Brown. 1922.) 
London. (Groff 1910.) 
London Smoke. (Dien. 1921.) 
Lord Kitchener. (Chaut. 1921.) 
Loreley. (Dien. 1921.) 
Los Angeles. Prim. (Houd. 1923.) 
Louise. (Wri. 1920.) 
Loveliness. (Van K. 1912.) 
Loveliness. Prim. (Chaut. 1921.) 
Lucia. (Dien. 1923.) 
Lucerne. (Kund. 1917.) 
Lucie. (Hop. 1916.) Lucy. 
Lucile. (Stew. 1912.) Miss Lucile. 
LucRETiA. (War. 1914.) 
Lustre. (Kund. 1918.) 
Lustrous. (Miller 1915.) 
LuTEA Maxima. Prim. (Grul. 1921.) 
Lutea Pallida. Prim. (Grul. 1918.) 
LuTETiA. (Brun. 1913.) 
LuTiN. (Sou. 1905.) 
Lydia. (Chi. 1904.) 
Mabel Hubbard. (Dien. 1917.) 
Maculatus. Prim. (Lem. 1908.) 
Madeira. (Pur. 1923.) 
Madison Cooper. (Kund. 1922.) 
Madonna. (Tracy 1921.) 
Magenta. (Kund. 1918.) 
Magic. (Kund. 1915.) 
Magnificus. (Sou. 1886.) 
Magnolia. (Met. 1916.) 
Maguelonne. (Brun. 1910.) 



Gladiolus, continued 

Mahogany. (Black 1915.) 
Maidens Blush. Prim. (Grul. 1918.) 
Maine. (Vos 1915.) 
Maize. (Ump. 1914.) 
Maize. Prim. (Ump. 1922.) 
Majestic. (Hop. 1916.) 
Major Reinhardt. (Pfit. 1911.) 
Malvern. (Kund. 1917.) 
Mantorville. (Kund. 1914.) 
Marble Barred. (Kund. 1915.) 
Marc Micheli. (Lem. 1898.) 
Margaret. (Craw., M.-Vaug. 1914.) 

The Margaret. 
Margot. (Vos 1920.) 
Marguerite Wing. (Wing 1922.) 
Marianne. (Pfit. 1910.) 
Marie. (Grul. 1919.) 
Marie Kunderd. (Kund. 1918.) 
Marie Lemoine. (Lem. 1880.) 
Marie Therese. (Sou. 1903.) 
Marietta. (Met. 1921.) 
Marin. (Dien. 1920.) 
Marion. (Kund. 1918.) 
Mariposa. (Met. 1918.) 
Marjorie. (Brown 1921.) 
Marjorie Gage. (Roos 1921.) 
Marjorie Smith. (Chris. 1923.) 
Marocain. (Sou. 1907.) 
Marquis DE Camps. (Brun. 1911.) 
Marshall Foch. (Kund. 1918.) 
Martha. (Jonk. 1912.) 
Martha Fernekes. (Dien. 1919.) 
Martha Washington. (Vaug. 1921.) 
Martinque. (Sou. 1902.) 
Mary Bellard. (Aust. 1916.) 
Mary Blackman. (Vaug. 1916.) 
Mary Fennell. (Kund. 1913.) 
Mary Pickford. (Kund. 1915.) 
Mary R. Rinehart. (Dien. 1917.) 
Mary S. Burke. (Dien. 1917.) Mrs. 

Mary Stearns Burke. 
Mary Stewart. (De G. 1919.) 
Mascot. (Met. 1923.) 
Master Wieburtus. (Vel. 1915.) 
Master Wietze. (Vel. 1916.) 
Masterpiece. (Kund. 1921.) 
Matthew Crawford. (Kund. 1918.) 
Maud Fay. (Dien. 1918.) Miss 

Maud Fey. 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. /r.4.Zic=synonyms or unapproved names. 



GLADIOLUS 



175 



Gladiolus, continued 

Maude. (Wood. 1914.) 
Maurice Fuld. (Gage 1923.) 
Mauve Clair. (Grul. 1919.) 
Maxwell. (Brown 1920.) 
May. (Craw. M. 1891.) 
May White 
Mayor. (Chi. 1907.) 
Meadowvale. (Cowee 1900.) 
Medea. Prim. (Krel. 1922.) 
Medusa. Prim. (Krel. 1922.) 
Megonko. (Brown 1919.) 
Melba. (Brown 1924.) 
Melrose. (Chi. 1904.) 
Melusine. (Sou. 1907.) 
Memories. (Kund. 1921.) 
Menlo. (Kund. 1921.) 
Mentor. (Sou. 1901.) 
Mephisto. (Pfit. 1906.) 
Mephistopheles. (Lem.) 
Mercedes. (Brun. 1912.) 
Messenger. (Kund. 1918.) 
Meteor. (Pfit. 1906.) 
Michigan. (Stew. 1912.) 
Midnight. (Black 1917.) 
Midnight Sun. (Brest. 1918.) 
Midsummer Dream. Prim. (Kund. 

1918.) 
Milady. (Pur. 1923.) 
Milda. (Kund. 1921.) 
Mildred Pettman. Prim. (Brown 

1921.) 
MiMi Stalbaum. (Dien. 1921.) 
Ming Toy. Prim. (Kund. 1922.) 
Ministre Pichon. (Lem. 1900.) 
Minitaka. (Kund.-Fair. 1922.) 
Minneapolis. 
Minnesota. (Ruff 1915.) 
Mintaka. Prim. (Kund. 1921.) 
Miranda. Prim. (Roos 1922.) 
Miss Alegra Hamilton. Alegra 

Hamilton. 
Miss Billie. (Chris. 1923.) 
Miss Christine Treur. Christine 

Treur. 
Miss Edith Cavell. Edith Cavell. 
Miss Edith Wooster. Edith Wooster. 
Miss Ellen Roosevelt. Ellen Roose- 
velt. 



Gladiolus, continued 

Miss Gladys Harkness. Gladys Hark- 

ness. 
Miss Helen Franklin. Helen Frank- 
lin. 
Miss Lucile. Lucile. 
Miss Maud Fay. Maud Fay. 
Miss Nifty. (Gibbs 1923.) 
Miss Spokane. (Kund. 1922.) 
Miss U. S. A. (Kund. 1918.) 
Mme. a. Maumene. (Lem. 1902.) 
Mme. Appert. (Brun. 1910.) 
Mme. Brunelet. (Sou. 1902.) ' 
Mme. Butterfly. (Groff-Tracy 

1914.) 
Mme. de Vilmorin. Mme. Vilmorin. 
Mme. Lemoine. (Lem. 1894.) 
Mme. Monneret. (Sou. prior to 

1877.) 
Mme. Mounet-Sully. (Lem. 1908.) 
Mme. Sarah Bernhardt. Sarah Bern- 
hardt. 
Mme. Vilmorin. (Sou. 1903.) Mme, 

de Vilmorin. 
Modest Maid. (Pur. 1923.) 
Modesty. (Brown 1903.) 
Mohawk. (Kemp. 1921.) 
MoHONK. (Chi. 1894.) 
MoNA Lisa. (Kund. 1917.) 
Monarch. (Brown 1920.) 
Mongolian. (Kund.-Brown 1914.) 
Monmouth. (Hall 1921.) 
MoNON. (Kund. 1916.) 
Monona. (Pur. 1923.) 
MoNS. Ad. Brogniart. (Brun. 19 — .) 
MoNS. B. Verlot. (Sou. 1907.) Mr. 

B. Verlot. 
MoNS. F. DES Chenes. (Sou. 1906.) 
Monster. (Chi. 1908.) 
Mont Blanc. (Vel. 1917.) 
Mont Cenis. (Vel. 1916.) 
Montezuma. (Hoeg 1918.) 
Moonbeam. (Kund. 1916.) 
Moonbeam. Prim. (Chaut. 1921.) 
Moonlight. Prim. (Chaut. 1921.) 
MOONRAYS. (Vos. 1920.) 
Morning Glory. (Vos 1920.) 
Morning Star. (Chi. 1908.) 
Mottled Beauty. (Kund. 1915.) 



Small CAPiTALS=approved common names. Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (t) see page 1. 



176 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Gladiolus, continued 

Mr. B. Verlet. Mons. B. Verlot. 

Mr. C. p. Alkemade. 

Mr. H. A. Hyde. H. A. Hyde. 

Mr. Henry Bechman. Henry Bech- 

MAN. 

Mr. Mark. (Vel. 1916.) 
Mr. Theodore. (Keur. 1916.) 
Mr. W. H. Phipps. W. H. Phipps. 
Mrs. a. C. Beal. (Ump. 1915.) 
Mrs. a. E. Kunderd. (Kund. 1912.) 
Mrs. Alice Goodrich. (Good. 

1918.) 
Mrs. Amos Roberts. (Met. 1918.) 
Mrs. Annie Krettner. (Ump. 1922.) 
Mrs. Arthur Meeker. (Kund. 

1917.) 
Mrs. Cothran. (Dien. 1917.) 
Mrs. Dr. Norton. (Kund. 1915.) 
Mrs. E. M. Smith. (Smith 1921.) 
Mrs. F. C. Peters. (Roos 1922.) 
Mrs. Feyen Perrin. (Cowee 1922.) 
Mrs. F. M. Lupton. (Chi. 1913.) 
Mrs. Francis King. (Cob.-Vaug. 

1906.) 
Mrs. Francis Sprague. (Cowee 

1922.) 
Mrs. Frank Pendleton. (Kund. 

1913.) 
Mrs. Grullemans. Prim. (Grul. 

1918.) 
Mrs. G. W. Moulton. (Kund. 

1913.) 
Mrs. H. a. Caesar. (Vaug. 1921.) 
Mrs. H. a. Wheeler. (Fis. 1923.) 
Mrs. H. B. Fullerton. (Chi. 1915.) 
Mrs. H. E. Bothin. (Dien. 1918.) 
Mrs. H. W. Beecher. (Chi. 1894.) 
Mrs. J. E. Webb. (Dien. 1917.) 
Mrs. J. H. Hammond. (Dien. 1920.) 
Mrs. J. H. Lancashire. Fairy. 
Mrs. J. K. Armsby. (Dien. 1920.) 
Mrs. J. R. Walsh. (Dien. 1919.) 
Mrs. J. S. Wood. (Met. 1921.) 
Mrs. J. Turnbull. (Kemp. 1921.) 
Mrs. Keur. (Keur 1916.) 
Mrs. L. Douglas. (Dien. 1919.) 
Mrs. Lillian Guernsey. Lillian 

Guernsey. 
Mrs. L. M. Gage. (Kund.-Gage. 

1913.) 
Mrs. M. Mackey. (Kujid. 1913.) 



Gladiolus, continued 

Mrs. Mary Stearns Burke. Mary S. 

Burke. 
Mrs. Newell Vanderbilt. (Dien. 

1921.) 
Mrs. O. W. Halliday. (Kund. 

1915.) Queen Esther. 
Mrs. Peter Vos. (Vos 1920.) 
Mrs. Richard Lohrman. (Dien. 

1921.) 
Mrs. Robert Cunningham. (Dien. 

1923.) 
Mrs. Rudolph Spreckles. (Dien. 

1919.) 
Mrs. Stanleigh Arnold. (Dien. 

1917.) 
Mrs. Thomas Cogger. (Cog. 1920.) 
Mrs. Truxton Be ale. (Dien. 

1920.) 
Mrs. Velthuys. (Vel. 1916.) 
Mrs. Watt. (Craw., M. 1916.) 
Mrs. W. E. Fryer. (Kund.-Fry. 

1915.) Red Canna. 
Mrs. W. E. Kirchoff. (Kir. 1921.) 
Mrs. Willard Richardson. (Dien. 

1917.) 
Mrs. William Kent. (Dien. 1917.) 
Mrs. W. J. Palmer. (Kir. 1921.) 
Mrs. W. R. Whitney. Prim. (Chaut. 

1921.) 
Mrs. W. S. Brewster. (Vaug. 1916.) 
Muriel. (Vel. 1916.) 
Myra. (Met. 1917.) 
Myra. Prim. (Kund. 1918.) 
Myron. (Pur. 1923.) 
Myrtle. (Kund. 1913.) 
Myrtle McNally. (Dien. 1917.) 
Mystery. (Tracy 1918.) 
Mystic. (Kund. 1917.) 
Nabob. (Met. 1923.) 
Nampa. (Kund. 1917.) 
Nanceianus Cy. Nancy G. 
Nancy G. G. nanceianus Cy. 
Naomi. Prim. (Brown 1922.) 
Natalie. (Kund. 1923.) 
Nautilus. (Col. 1921.) 
Nebraska. (Vos 1916.) 
Nectarine. (Dien. 1923.) 
Negerfurst. (Pfit. 1905.) 
Nellie Grant. (Met. 1923.) 
Nelly. Prim. (Vel. 1916.) 
Neoga. (Kund. 1917.) 



GLADIOLUS 



177 



Gladiolus, continued 

Neptune. (Met. 1918.) 
Neron. (Sou. 1892.) 
Netherlands. (Bart. 1921.) 
Neutrality. (Kund. 1916.) 
Nevada. (Vos 1916.) 
Never Tint. (Aust. 1916.) 
New Hyde Park. (Baer) 
New Jersey, (Vos 1916.) 
New Mexico. (Vos 1916.) 
New York. (Chi. 1917.) 
Newport. (Chi. 1916.) 
Nezinscott. (Chi. 1902.) 
Niagara. (Ban. 1914.) 
NiDRAC. (Met. 1923.) 
NiEUPORT. Prim. (Vil. 1922.) 
Nightingale. Prim. (Kund. 1921.) 
Nightingale. (Hain. 1923.) 
Nina. Prim. (Chaut. 1921.) 
Nini. Prim. (Unit. 1921.) 
Nineteen Ten Rose. (Kund. 1915.) 

1910 Rose. 
Ninus. (Brun. 1911.) 
NiOBE. Prim. (Krel. 1921.) 
Nolene. (Dien. 1923.) 
Nopal. Prim. (Kund. 1918.) 
Nora. (Vel. 1916.) 
Nora Wilson. (Met. 1923.) 
Norma Dee Childs. (Chi. 1897.) 
Norma Krausgrill. (Dien. 1920.) 
Norman. (Brown 1921.) 
North Pole. (Kund. 1918.) 
North Star. Prim. (Kund. 1916.) 
Northern Light. (Chi. 1922.) 
Norumbega. (Kund. 1922.) 
NoRWALK. (Pur. 1923.) 
Nova. Prim. (Kund. 1918.) 
Novelty. (Chi. 1907.) 
NoxALL. (Kund. 1918.) 
Nubian. (Kund. 1921.) 
NuEE d' Orage. (Sou. 1891.) 
Nydia. Prim. (Kund. 1918.) 
Nymph. (Kund. 1918.) 
Nymyh. Prim. (Chaut. 1921.) 
Oak Park. (Kund. 1917.) 
Obelisque 

Ocilla. (Kund. 1917.) 
OcTAviA. (Met. 1917.) 
Octoroon. (Hal. 1891.) 
Odd Fellow. (Prest.) 
Odin. (Heem. 1920.) 



Gladiolus, continued 

Ohio. (Vos 1920.) 

Old Glory. (Kund. 1915.) 

Old Smoky. (Kund. 1921.) 

Olive. (Kel. 1919.) 

Onalaska. (Kund. 1917.) 

Onego. (Kund. 1921.) 

Oneida. (Chi. 1915.) 

Opalescent. (Pur. 1923.) 

Opaline. (Bur. 1915.) 

Ophelia. (Kund. 1918.) 

Ophir. (Christy 1904, or Stcw.) 

Oporto. (Roos 1920.) 

oppositiflonis 

Oradell. (Kund. 1917.) 

Oran. (Kund. 1918.) 

Orange. Prim. (Chaut. 1921.) 

Orange Blood. Prim. (Vos 1921.) 

Orange Brilliant. Prim. (Grul. 

1918.) 
Orange Flame. (Kund. 1922.) 
Orange Glory. (Kund. 1915.) 
Orange Glow. (Kund. 1923.) 
Orange Novelty. (Van B. 1922.) 
Orange Perfection. Prim. (Chaut. 

1921.) 
Orange Plume. (Kund. 1923.) 
Orange Queen. (Hop. 1923.) 
Orchid G. G. papilio. 
Orchid. Prim. (Van B. 1922.) 
OrcJiid. (Kund.-Flan. 1921.) 
Orient. (Christy 1907.) 
Oriental Beauty. (Met. 1918.) 
Oriole. (Aust. 1916.) 
Oriole. Prim. (Chaut. 1921.) 
Orion. (Met. 1918.) 
Orofino. (Kund. 1918.) 
Orpheum. (Kund. 1921.) 
Osceola. (Chi. 1915.) 
Osiris. (Met. 1917.) 
Oswego. (Kund. 1916.) 
Othello. (Kund. 1921.) 
Ovid. (Vaug.) 
OwASSO. (Vaug. 1920.) 
Ozark. (Kund. 1922.) 
Pacific. (Kund. 1922.) 
Pacha. (Lem. 1893.) 
Packard. (Brown 1922.) 
Panama. (Ban. 1912.) 
Pantheon. (Kund. 1922.) 
papilio. Orchid G. 
Papilio. Prim. (Krel. 1917.) 



178 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Gladiolus, continued 

Papilio. (Dien. 1922.) 

Papilio Rose. (Groff 1910.) 

Parader. (Pur. 1923.) 

Paragon. (Kel. 1913.) 

Paramount. (Kund. 1918.) 

Parexcel. (Kund. 1915.) 

Paris. (Hoeg 1915.) 

Parisian Yellow. Prim. (Van B. 

1922.) 
Parliament. (Kel. 1906.) 
Parrot G. G. psittacinus. 
Pasadena. (Dien. 1920.) 
Passion Flower. (Met. 1922.) 
Pastella. (Kund. 1918.) 
Patrie. (Sou. 1907.) 
Peace. (Groff 1899.) 
Peach Blossom. Nan. (Smith.) 
Peach Rose. (Kund. 1917.) 
Peachblow. (Groff 1911.) 
Peacock. (Proc. 1917.) 
Pearl. (Grul. 1919.) 
Pearl. Prim. (Chaut. 1921.) 
Pearl of Dawn. (Kund. 1921.) 
Peasant. (Bur. 1921.) 
Peep o' Day. (Kund. 1921.) 
Peerless. (Met. 1923.) 
Peerless Pink. (Hoeg 1917.) 
Pella. (Kund. 1918.) 
Pennant. (Met. 1918.) 
Penrose. (Brown 1923.) 
Perfection. Prim. (Chaut. 1922.) 
Perseus. Prim. (Kund. 1922.) 
Persia. (Nat. 1921.) 
Phil.\delphia. (Cowee 1905.) 
Phini. (Dien. 1923.) 
Phlegeton. (Brun. 1910.) 
Phylos. (Dien. 1923.) 
PiET Hein. Prim. (Unit. 1921.) 
Pinafore. (Brown 1922.) 
Pink Augusta. (Stev. 1911.) 
Pink Beauty. (Van Thol-Vos.) 
Pink Beauty Blotch. (Kund. 

1913.) 
Pink Cloud. (Kund. 1923.) 
Pink Jumbo. (Rods 1922.) 
Pink Lily. (Kund. 1916.) 
Pink Pansy. (Kund. 1915.) 
Pink Pearl. (Chi. 1915.) 
Pink Perfection. (Hop. 1913.) 



Gladiolus, continued 
Pink Princess. (Stew. 1919.) 
Pink Progression. (Vos 1916.) 
Pink Wonder. (Kemp 1921.) 
Pinkie. Prim. (Kel. 1922.) 
Pinnacle. (Burb. 1915.) 
Pioneer. (Sou. 1907.) 
Pippin. (Pur. 1923.) 
Planet. Prim. (Kund. 1921.) 
Platon. (Brun. 1908.) 
Pocahontas. (Hoeg 1915.) 
PoLA Negri. (Dien. 1923.) 
Polar Star. (Met. 1916.) 
Polly Pink. (Brown 1920.) 
Pollyanna. (Prest. 1921.) 
Polypheme. (Sou. 1906.) 
Pomona. Prim. 
PoNDERAY. (Kund. 1923.) 
PoNTiAC Princeps. (Vaug. 1920.) 
Poppy. (Hoeg 1917.) 
Portland. (Chi. 1902.) 
Premiere. (Kund. 1913.) 
Prescott. (Chi. 1908.) 
President C. C. Moore. (Dien. 

1917.) 
President Monocal. (Kund. 1916.) 
President Roosevelt. (Lem. 1905.) 
President Taft. (Stew. 1910.) 
President Wilson. (Vel. 1917.) 
Pride. Prim. (W^ay. 1921.) 
Pride of Goshen. (Kund. 1913.) 
Pride of Hillegom. (Vel. 1916.) 
Pride of Lancaster. (Kund. 1915.) 
Pride of Mansfield. (Brown 1922 ) 
Prim. Prim. (Kund. 1916.) 
Prim Beauty. Prim. (Christy 1921.) 
Primrose G. G. primulinus. 
Primrose Beauty. (Kund. 1918.) 
Primrose Fairy. Prim. (G. Zees. 

1920.) 
primulinus. Primrose G. 
Primulinus Concolor. Concolor. 
Primulinus Erectus. (Lem. 1910.) 
Primulinus Major. (Lem. 1908.) 
Primunella. Prim. (Kund. 1915.) 
Prince Charming. (Brown 1919.) 
Prince Ito. (Brun. 1910.) 
Prince of India. (Chi. 1904.) 
Prince of Wales. (Van Z. 1913.) 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. /rAZic=synonyms or unapproved names. 



GLADIOLUS 



179 



Gladiolus, continued 

Princeps. (Van F.-Vaug. 1903.) G. 

princeps Cy. 
Princesco. (Kund. 1917.) 
Princess. (Met. 1918.) 
Princess Altieri. (Lem. 1901.) 
Princess of Orange. (Kund. 1915.) 
Princess Sandersoni. Snow"BANK. 
Princess Victoria Louise. (Pfit. 

1910.) 
Princeton. (Chi. 1902.) 
Principine. (Kir. 1910.) 
Priority. (Pur. 1923.) 
Priscilla. (Brown 1919.) 
Prof. A. C. Beal. (Kir. 1918.) 
Prophet. (Pur. 1923.) 
Prophetesse. (Lem. 1898.) 
Proserpine. (Nat. 1920.) 
Prosperity. (Cowee 1916.) 
psittacinus. Parrot G. 
Psyche. (Met. 1917.) 
Psyche. Prim. (Krel. 1921.) 
Puritan. (Brown 1922.) 
Purity. (Pur. 1923.) 
Purple Glory. (Kund. 1916.) 
Purple Pansy. (Kund. 1915.) 
Purple Spot. (Kund. 1918.) 
purpureo-auratus. Golden Orchid G. 
Pythia. (Kund. 1918.) 
Quadroon. (Ump. 1922.) 
Quadroon Pink. (Ump. 1922.) 
Quarentina Autumn. Prim. (Gibbs 

1923.) 
Quarentina Halloween. Prim. 

(Gibbs 1923.) 
Quarentina Red. (Gibbs 1922.) 
quartinianus 

Queen Charlotte. (Pfit. 1906.) 
Queen Emma. (Met. 1923.) 
Queen Esther. (Met. 1923.) 
Queen Esther. Mrs. O. W. Halliday. 
Queen of Beauties. (Chaut. 1921.) 
Queen OF Roses. Prim. (Grul. 1916.) 
Queen of Sheb a . (Christy . ) 
Queen of the Blacks. (Jonk. 1914.) 
Queen of the Night. (Dien. 1919.) 
Queen of the Roses. (Kel. 1919.) 
Queen of the Violets. (Roos 1921.) 
Queen of the Whites. (Hog. 1917.) 



Gladiolus, continued 

Queen of the Yellows. (Hog. 

1917.) 
Queen of the Yellows. Prim. (Vos. 

1921.) 
Queen Victoria. Prim. (Barr 1920.) 
Queen Wilhelmina. Konigin Wil- 

helmina. 
Queenly. (Wood. 1911.) 
Racine. (Kund. 1917.) 
Radiance. (Miller 1915.) 
Radiant Morn. (Siem. 1923.) 
Radium. (Vos 1921.) 
Ragten. (Met. 1918.) 
Rajah. (Kund.-Cham. 1913.) 
Ramon A. Prim. (Kund. 1918.) 
Ramosus. (Holland 1838.) Hybrid 

group. 
Rareray. (Chi. 1914.) 
Rarity. (Kund. 1921.) 
recurvus 
Red Amaryllis. (Kund. 1915 ) Red 

Amerillas. 
Red Canna. Mrs. W. E. Fryer. 
Red Cigar. (Kund. 1917.) 
Red Cloud. (Kund. 1921.) 
Red Coat. (Met. 1916.) 
Red Copper. (Kund. 1921.) 
Red Diamont). (Kund. 1917.) 
Red Emperor. Dominion. 
Red Fire. (Kund. 1922.) 
Red Jacket. (Pur. 1923.) 
Red Knight. (Kund. 1917.) 
Red Plume. (Kund. 1921.) 
Red Robin. Prim. (Kel. 1919.) 
Red, White, and Gold. (Kund. 

1915.) 
Red Wing. (Kund. 1915.) 
Regal. Prim. (Kund. 1920.) 
Regalis. (Hoeg 1922.) 
Regulus. Prim. (Kund. 1916.) 
Reine d'Anjou. (Barre.) Jeanne 

d'Arc; Reine Blanche; White E.vcel- 

sior. 
Reine Victoria. Prim. (Grul. 1918 ) 
Reliance. (Brown 1920.) 
Rembrandt. Prim. (Unit. 1921.) 
Remembrance. (Kund. 1921.) 
Reo. Prim. (Brown 1922.) 
Rev. Ewbank. (Vel. 1916.) 



Small CAPiTALS=approved common names. Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (t) see page 1. 



180 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Gladiolus, continued 

Rev. J. Stubbs. Prim. (Kel. 1922.) 

Revelry. (Brown 1920.) 

Revere. (Brown 1922.) 

Revue. Prim. (Pur. 1923.) 

Rhoda. (Met. 1917.) 

RiALTO. (Met. 1918.) 

Richard Diener. (Dien. 1917.) 

RicHRED. (Chi. 1915.) 

RiGEL. Prim. (Kund. 1915.) 

Rita. (Kund. 1918.) 

Roanoke. Prim. (Kund. 1916.) 

Robert J. Kunderd. (Kund. 1918.) 

Roberta. (Kund. 1916.) 

RoBUSTO. (Pur. 1923.) 

Rochester White. (Thon. 1913.) 

RoDANO. Prim. (Kund. 1918.) 

Rogue. (Stew. 1922.) 

Roi Alexandre. (Brun. 1919.) 

Romance. (Kund. 1918.) 

Rosalia. Prim. (Kund. 1918.) 

Rosalind. (Kund. 1918.) 

Rose. (Kund. 1921.) 

Rose Glory. (Kund. 1916.) 

Rose Luisante. Prim. (Grul. 1916.) 

Rose Queen. Prim. (Chaut. 1922.) 

Rose Unique. (Kund. 1921.) 

Rose Wells. (Aust. 1914.) 

Rosea Superba. (Spen. 1915.) 

Rosea Superba. (Chaut. 1921.) 

Roseash. (Met. 1916.) 

Rosebud. (Kund. 1916.) 

RosELLA. (Cowee 1904.) 

RosENEL. (Met. 1916.) 

Ross Valley. (Dien. 1917.) 

Rosy Morn. (Brown 1919.) 

Rosy Spray. (Chi. 1910.) 

Rouge Torch. (Groff-Tracy 1914.) 

Royal Purple. (Kel. 1919.) 

Royal Sovereign. Prim. (Grul. 

1916.) 
RuBiNi. (Heem. 1920.) 
Ruby. Prim. (Chaut. 1921.) 
Ruby King. (Chi. 1915.) 
Ruffled America. (Kund. 1921.) 
Ruffled Beauty. (Kund. 1922.) 
Ruffled Glory. (Vaug. 1921.) 
Ruth Huntington. (Kund. 1923.) 
Ruth Law. (Brest. 1918.) 
Ruth Taylor. (Dien. 1921.) 
Rutland. (Cowee 1911.) 
Safrano. (Sou. 1899.) 



Gladiolus, continued 

Saginaw. Prim. (Kund. 1922.) 
Salbachs Prim. Prim. (Sal. 1923.) 
Salmo. (Met. 1916.) 
Salmon Beauty. Prim. (Kund. 

1915.) 
Salmon Beauty. (Chaut. 1921.) 
Salmon Buff. Prim. (Kund. 1922.) 
Salmon Excelsior. (Van K. 1915.) 
Salmon King. (Chi. 1915.) 
Salmon Plume. (Kund. 1921.) 
Salmonea. Prim. (Krel. 1919.) 
Salmoneus. Prim. (Lem. 1908.) 
Salmonia. (Chi. 1904.) 
Salome Jane. (Dien. 1921.) 
San Anselmo. (Dien. 1917.) 
San Jos6. (Dien. 1923.) 
Sans Pareil. (Sou. 1902.) 
Sans Souci. Nan. (Krel. 1915.) 
Sarah. (Stew. 1911.) 
Sarah Bernhardt. (Lem.) Mme. 

Sarah Bernhardt. 
Sarah Lillie. (Dien. 1917.) 
Sarah Pagels. (Wri. 1923.) 
Satisfaction. (Wood. 1917.) 
Satyr. Prim. (Krel. 1922.) 
Sausalito. (Dien. 1920.) 
saundersi 

Saw Tooth. (Kund. 1917.) 
ScARLANO. (Kund. 1917.) 
Scarlet Feather. (Black 1917.) 
Scarlet Glory. (Kund. 1917.) 
Scarlet Princeps. (Kund. 1917.) 
Scarlet Treasure. Prim. (Aust. 

1923.) 
Scarlet Velvet. (Groff-Wood. 

1911.) 
ScARLETTA. Prim. (Krel. 1917.) 
Scarsdale. (Cowee 1903.) 
Schwaben. (Pfit. 1913.) 
Scribe. (Chi. 1906.) 
Sea Foam. (Kund. 1916.) 
Sebesta. (Kund. 1923.) 
Sedan. Prim. (Kund. 1916.) 
segetum 

Semaphore. (Brun. 1911.) 
Seminole. (Met. 1918.) 
Senator Knox. (Kund. 1922.) 
Senator Volland. (Lem. 1893.) 
Seneca. Prim. (Kund. 1916.) 
Sensation. (Brown 1919.) 
Sentinel. (Kund. 1915.) 



GLADIOLUS 



181 



Gladiolus, continued 

sericeo-villosus 
Serrata. (Pur. 1923.) 
Seville. (Brown 1923.) 
Sharmen Swett. (Swett 1916.) 
Shedowa. (Chi. 1916.) 
Sheila. (Col. 1920.) 
Shell-Pink. Prim. (Kund. 1921.) 
Shenandoah. (Good. 1918.) 
Show Flower. (Kund. 1923.) 
SiBERiE. (Sou. 1904.) 
Sibylla. Prim. (Krel. 1922.) 
Sidney Plummer. (Sal. 1923.) 
Sieger. (Pfit.) 
Sierra. (Met. 1918.) 
Silver Lace. (Kund. 1916.) 
Silver Moon. (Met. 1917.) 
Silver Star. (Groff 1910.) 

SiLVERETTA. (Pfit. 1900.) 

SiLvis. Prim. (Kund. 1916.) 
Simplex. (Burb. 1921.) 
Simplicity. Prim. (Kund. 1921.) 
Sir Roger Casement. (Dien. 1917.) 
SiRius. (Met. 1916.) 
Sirius. Prim. (Kund. 1915.) 
Smiles. (Kund. 1921.) 
Smoky Violet. E valine. 
Smyrna. (Nat. 1921.) 
Snapdragon. (Kund. 1915.) 
Snow Boy. (Kund. 1915.) 
Snow Glory. (Kund. 1917.) 
Snow King. (Chi. 1915.) 
Snowbank. (Cowee 1900.) Princess 

Sander soni. 
Snowbird. (Groff 1909.) 
Snowbound. (Met. 1918.) 
Snowflake. (Kund. 1915.) 
SoFiERO. Nan. (Krel. 1919.) 

SOLFATERRE. (BrUU. 1912.) 

Soleild'Or. Prim. (Kemp 1921.) 
Somerset Fairy. Prim. (Kel. 1923.) 
SoNiA. Prim. (Kund. 1921.) 

SONNENBERG. (Pur. 1923.) 

Sonoma. (Dien. 1921.) 
Soubatai. (Sou. 1907.) 
SoRCiER. (Sou. 1905.) 
Soubrette. (Proc. 1922.) 
Souvenir. (Brown 1919.) 
Sovereign. (Vaug. 1923.) 
Spartan. (Met. 1917.) 
Special. (Kund. 1918.) 
Sphinx. (Brun. 1912.) 



Gladiolus, continued 
Sphinx. Prim. (Krel. 1922.) 
Spica. Prim. (Kund. 1915.) 
Splendor. (Kund. 1923.) 
Splendora. (Kund. 1916.) 
Spot. (Chi. 1907.) 
Spring Song. (Kund. 1913.) 
Squaw Winter. (Shea. 1923.) 
St. Thomas. (Kund. 1923.) 
Stalwart. (Met. 1921.) 
Standish. (Brown 1922.) 
Stanford. (Met. 1921.) 
Starlight. Prim. (Pur. 1923.) 
Stella. (Keur 1916.) 
Stella. Prim. (Kel. 1923.) 
Sterling. (Met. 1918.) 
Storm King. (Kund. 1917.) 
Suffragette. (Dien. 1917.) 
SuLFUREUS. Prim. (Lem. 1912.) 
Sulphur Frills. (Kund. 1923.) 
Sulphur Glow. (Kund. 1921.) 
Sulphur King. (Chi. 1904.) 
Sulphur Queen. (Stew. 1911.) 
Sultana. (Nat. 1921.) 
Summer. (Kund. 1921.) 
Summer Beauty. (Kund. 1915.) 
Summer Blossom. (Kund. 1921.) 
Summer Day. (Kund. 1921.) 
Summer Dream. (Met. 1922.) 
Sunbeam. Prim. (Vaug. 1914.) 
Sunbeam. (Roos 1922.) 
Sunburst. (Miller 1915.) 
SuNRAY. Prim. (Chaut. 1921.) 
Sunrise. (Tracy 1914.) 
Sunrise. Prim. (Chaut. 1921.) 
Sunset. Nan. (Krel. 1911.) 
Sunset. (Tracy 1914.) 
Sunset Glow. Prim. (Chi. 1922.) 
Sunshine. (Kund. 1921.) 
Superb. (Chi. 1914.) 
Superba. (Col. 1920.) 
Surprise. (Kund. 1915.) 
SvEA. Prim. (Kund. 1921.) 
Sweet Lavender. (Col. 1922.) 
Sweet Orra. (Kund. 1915.) 
Sweet Rose. (Kund. 1923.) 
Sweetheart. Prim. (Kemp. 1922.) 
Sweetheart. Nan. (Krel. 1911.) 
Sylph. Prim. (Kel. 1919.) 
Taconic. (Cowee 1900.) 
Tahiti. (Met. 1917.) 
Tamalpais. (Dien. 1919.) 



182 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Gladiolus, continued 

Tango. (Hoeg 1917.) 

Taro. (Kund. 1921.) 

Tavistock. (Gage 1914.) 

Tawny. (Col. 1920.) 

Tampa. (Kund. 1917.) 

Ten Strike. (Met. 1918.) 

Thais. (Dien. 1923.) 

The Aristocrat. (Pur. 1923.) 

The Bride. Colvillei Alba. 

The Detroit. (Vaug. 1922.) 

The King. (Cowee 1912.) 

The Margaret. Margaret, 

The Pearl. (West. 1918.) 

The Pilot. (Met. 1917.) 

Thecla. Prim. (Krel. 1917.) 

Theda Bara. (Hoeg 1918.) 

Theresa. (Kund. 1917.) 

Therese de Vilmorin. (Sou. 1884.) 

Thermidor. (Lem. 1902.) 

Thistle. (Kund. 1921.) 

Thomas A. Edison. (Dien. 1922.) 

Thomas T. Kent. (Dien. 1917.) 

Thoth. Prim. (Kund. 1921.) 

Tiffany. (Brown 1924.) 

Tiger. (Tracy 1917.) 

Tiger Rose. (Pur. 1923.) 

Tinting. (Kund. 1921.) 

Tip Top. (Met. 1918.) 

TiTANiA. (Sou. 1875.) 

Titanic. (Hoeg 1917.) 

Tokay. (Met. 1917.) 

ToKio. (Brun. 1912.) 

Topaz. Prim. (Kund. 1918.) 

Toreador. (Dien. 1923.) 

Tranquil. (Kund. 1921.) 

Treasure. Prim. (Chaut. 1922.) 

Treasure. (Kund. 1923.) 

Treub. (Vos 1916.) 

Trianon. Nan. (Krel. 1915.) 

Triomphe de Caen. (Bart. 1903.) 

Trion. (Kund. 1917.) 

Tripelo. Prim. (Kund. 1916.) 

tristis 

Triton. (Sou. 1915.) 

Trojana. (Pur. 1923.) 

TuRENNE. (Sou. 1901.) 

Twilight. (Met. 1917.) 

Twilight. (Kund. 1921.) 

Twinkles. Prim. (Kund. 1921.) 



Gladiolus, continued 

Twotint. (Chi. 1915.) 

Tyro. (Met. 1917.) 

Tyrol. Prim. (Brown 1923.) 

Uhlan Chief. (Kund. 1922.) 

Ulrica. Prim. (Kund. 1918.) 

Ulysses. (Kund. 1916.) 

Unadilla. (Kund. 1918.) 

Unique. (Kund. 1918.) 

Unusual. (Kund. 1921.) 

Uranus. (Met. 1917.) 

Utah. (Vos 1916.) 

Utopia. Prim. (Kund. 1921.) 

Van Hoogendorp. Prim. (Unit. 

1921.) 
Van Limburg Stirum. Prim. (Unit. 

1921.) 
Vanessa. Prim. (Krel. 1917.) 
Vanity. Prim. (Pur. 1923.) 
Vanula. Prim. (Unit. 1921.) 
Variegata. (Baumg. 1921.) 
Vaughans White. (Vaug. 1922.) 
Vedrines. (Brun. 1911.) 
Vega. Prim. (Kund. 1916.) 
Velvet Gem. Prim. (Way. 1921.) 
Velvet King. (Cob.-Vaug.) Grena- 
dier. 
Velvet Prince. (Roos 1922.) 
Veneta. (Kund. 1918.) 
Venice. (Brown 1920.) 
Ventura. (Kund. 1917.) 
Venustus. (Lem. 1917.) 
Vernon. (Kund. 1918.) 
Vernon G. Childs. Prim. (Chi. 

1922.) 
Verona. (Nat. 1921.) 
Vesta Tilley. (Hop. 1923.) 
Vesuvius. (Nat. 1921.) 
Vesuvius. Prim. (Grul. 1916.) 
Victoria Fredericks. (Dien. 1921.) 
Victorious. (Kel. 191-.) 
Victory. (Cowee 1909.) 
Villa. (Kund. 1916.) 
Vinton. (Kund. 1918.) 
ViNULA. Prim. (Chaut. 1919.) 
Viola. (Miller 1913.) 
Viola Bird. Prim. (Ump. 1922.) 
Violet. (Kir. 1921.) 
Violet Beauty. (Kund. 1916.) 
Violet Glory. (Kund. 1916.) 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. 7rAiic=synonyms or unapproved nar 



GLADIOLUS 



183 



Gladiolus, continued 

Violet Queen. Prim. (Grul. 1916.) 
Virginia. (Vos 1916.) 
Virginia Hale. (Kiind. 1921.) 
Virginia M. Fisher. (Dien. 1922.) 
Viscount. (Brown 1921.) 
Viscount Iveagh. (Kel.) 
Vision. (Aust. 1916.) 
Vistula. (Kund. 1921.) 
Vivian. (Kund. 1921.) 
Vivid. (Groff 1911.) 
Von Bissing. (West. 1918.) 
Waldorf. (Brown 1920.) 
Walhalla. (Kund. 1916.) 
Wamba. (Aust. 1916.) 
Waneta. Prim. (Kund. 1922.) 
War. (Groff-Cowee 1909.) 
Warrior. (Pur. 1923.) 
Washington. (Vos 1916.) 
Watermelon. (Kund. 1923.) 
Waukegan. (Kund. 1917.) 
Waushakum. (Brown 1919.) 
Wellesley. (Roos 1921.) 
Wetona. (Kund. 1918.) 
White America. (Chi. 1920.) 
White Beauty. (Roos 1922.) 
White Belle. (Kund. 1918.) 
White Butterfly. Prim. (Kund. 

1922.) 
White City. (Jonk. 1921.) 
White Cloud. (Co wee 1913.) 
White Cluster. (Aust. 1915.) 
White Crepe. (Aust. 1916.) 
White Delight. (Kund. 1918.) 
White Excelsior. Reine d' Anjou. 
White Giant. (Van M. 1913.) 
W^HiTE Glory. (Kund. 1913.) 
White Ivory, (Kund. 1915.) 
White King. (Kund. 1912.) 
White Lady. (Haage & Schmidt 

1897.) 
White Orchid. (Kund. 1921.) 
White Pearl. (Kund. 1915.) 
White Pendleton. (Kund. 1917.) 
White Pigeon. (Kund. 1921.) 
White Plume. (Kund. 1921.) 
White Wonder. (Kemp 1921.) 
W. H. Phipps. (Dien. 1921.) Mr. 

W. H. Phipps. 
Wilbrinck. (Hop. 1916.) 



Gladiolus, continued 

Wild Rose. (Chi. 1906.) 
Wilhelmina. 

Wilhelmina Gude. (Baum 1922.) 
William Falconer. (Chi. 1894.) 
William Kent. (Dien. 1917.) 
Willis E. Fryer. (Kund. 1918.) 
Willy Wigman. (Hop. 1912.) 
Windsor. Nan. (Kiel. 1915.) 
Wine King. (Black 1917.) 
WiNEDROP. (Kund. 1917.) 
Winnetka. (Kund. 1917.) 
Winona. (Brown 1920.) 
Winsome. (Miller 1915.) 
Wisconsin. (Vos 1920.) 
Wisteria. (Dien. 1922.) 
Witch. (Cowee 1919.) 
W. McGavin. (Dien. 1923.) 
Wolverine. (Vos 1920.) 
Wonder. (Chaut. 1921.) 
Wraith. Prim. (Kel. 1919.) 
W. R. Burt. (Black 1919.) 
Xanthia. Prim. (Krel. 1922.) 
'X. Y. Z. (Kund. 1915.) 
Yankee Boy. (Pur. 1923.) 
Yankee Girl. (Pur. 1923.) 
Yellow Beauty. Prim. (Kel. 1923.) 
Yellow Bird. (Kund. 1915.) 
Yellow Duke. Prim. (Nat. 1921.) 
Yellow Gem. (Kund. 1918.) 
Yellow Glory. (Kund. 1922.) 
Yellow Hammer. Prim. (Grul. 

1916.) 
Yellow Jacket. (Met. 1916.) 
Yellow Prince. Prim. (Vos 1921.) 
Yellow Prize. (Met. 1918.) 
Yellow Queen. Prim. (Chur. 1921.) 
Yellow Standard. (Heem. 1921.) 
Yellow Treasure. (Aust. 1923.) 
Yeschko. (Van B. 1922.) 
Yeoman. Prim. (Kund. 1918.) 
Yolo. (Met. 1918.) 
Yosemite. (Met. 1917.) 
YouELL Favorite. (Kund. 1913.) 
Zadora. (Brown 1922.) 
Zaidee. (Spen. 1917.) 
Zenobia. Prim. (Kund. 1918.) 
Zephir. (Krel. 1914.) 
Zephir. Prim. (Chaut. 1921.) 
Zephyrs Gift. (Met. 1922.) 



Small CAPiTALS^approved common names. Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (t) see page 1 



184 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Gladiolus, continued 

ZiLLERTAL. (Pfit. 1908.) 

ZiNGARi. (Hoeg 1915.) 
ZoE. (Dien. 1923.) 
ZuLEMA. (Kund. 1921.) 

Gladwin Iris . . . Iris foetidissima 

GLAUCIUM HoRNPOPPY 

flavum (luteum) . . . Yellow H. 

GLAUCOTHEA 

armata (Erythea armato) Blue Palm 

GLECHOMA NEPETA 

GLEDITSCHIA . . GLEDITSIA 

GLEDITSIA .... HoNEYLOcusT 
aquatica .... Waterlocust 
ferox . . CocKSPUR Honeylocust 
japonica (Gleditsia horrida Ar) 

Japanese H. 

sinensis Chinese H. 

triacanthos Common H. 

— inermis .... Thornless H. 

GLIRICIDIA 

maculata (G. sepium Ag) 

Globe Arborvitae, Globe Deutzia, 
etc. See Arborvitae, Deutzia, 
etc. 

Globe-amaranth . . . Gomphrena 

Common G G. globosa 

Golden G. (G. globosa aurea\ Cy) 

Globe-cone Italian Cypress {Cu- 
yressus sempervire?is indica\ Cy) 

Globedaisy Globularia 

Syrian G. . . G. trichosanthes 

Globeflower Trollius 

Caucasian G. . . . T. caucasicus 

Chinese G T. chinensis 

Common G T. europaeus 

Dwarf G T. pumilus 

GoLDENBALL ( TrolUus euTopaeus 

loddigesi] Cy) 
Japanese Globeflower 

T. japonicus 
Ledebour G. . . . T. ledebouri 

Siberian G T. asiaticus 

Yunnan G. T. piimilus yiinnanensis 

Globemallow .... Sphaeralcea 
Brick G S. cisplatina 

Globethistle Echinops 

Common G. . E. sphaerocephalus 
Hungarian G. . E. bannaticus 
Low G E. humilis 



Globethistle, continued 

Steel G Echinops ritro 

Tall G E. exaltatus 

Globe-tulip 

Canary G. Calochortus pulchellus 
Pearl G. Hort. var. of C. albus. 
Pink G. . . . C. albus rubellus 
White G C. albus 

GLOBULARIA .... Globedaisy 
trichosanthes .... Syrian G. 

GLORIOSA Glorylily 

rothschildiana . . Rothschild G. 

superba Malabar G. 

Gloriosa Magnolia {Magnolia gran- 

diflora gloriosa\ Cy) 
Glory-of-the-snow 

Chionodoxa; C. luciliae 

Glorybower .... Clerodendron 

Harlequin G. . C. trichotomum 

Rose G C. foetidum 

Sunshine G. (C thomsonae delec- 

tum-\ Cy) 
Thomson G. . . . C. thomsonae 

Glorybush Tibouchina 

Brazilian G. . T. semidecandra 
Gloryflower . . . Eccremocarpus 

Chilian G E. scaber 

Glorylily Gloriosa 

Malabar G G. superba 

Rothschild G. . G. rothschildiana 
Gloryvine .... Vitis coignetiae 
Glossy Abelia, Glossy Choke- 
cherry, etc. See Abelia, 
Chokecherry, etc. 

GLOXINIA 

The Gloxinia of florists is Sinningia 
speciosa. Gloxinia crassifolia and G. 
gigantea are names loosely and incor- 
rectly applied in the trade to some of the 
varieties of that species. The genus 
Gloxinia, of botanists, is not in cultiva- 
tion. 

Gloxinia Sinningia 

Common G S. speciosa 

Gloxinia Foxglove, Gloxinia Pent- 

stemon, etc. See Foxglove, 

Pentstemon, etc. 

GLYCERIA . . . PANICULARIA 

GLYCINE 

apios Ag .... Apios tuberosa 
soja Cy Soja max 



GLYCYRRHIZA— GOLDENROD 



185 



GLYCYRRHIZA Licorice 

glabra Common L. 

GNAPHALIUM 
lanatum . Helichrysum petiolatum 
leonto'podiuin 

Leontopodium alpinum 
Goat Hypericum, Goat Willow, 
etc. See Hypericum, Willow, 
etc. 

GoATSBEARD Aruncus 

Common G A. Sylvester 

Japanese G. ... A. astilboides 

GOATSBEARD ASTILBE 

Astilbe astilboides 
GoATSRUE Galega 

Albino G. {G. officinalis alba-\ Cy) 

Common G G. officinalis 

Hartland G. (G. 0. hartlandi\ Cy) 

Sunset G. ((?. o. carnea\ Cy) 
Goatsrue Senna-pea 

Swainsona galegifolia 
GODETIA GoDETiA^ 

amoena . . Farewell-to-spring' 

grandiflora (whitneyi; Oenothera 
whitneyi) . . Whitney Godetia 
Hort. var. of Godetia: 

Appleblossom 

Brilliant 

Crimson Glow 

Crimson King 

Duchess of Albany 

Gloriosa 

Lady Albemarle 

Lady Satin Rose 

Lindley (Oenothera lindleyi) 

Marchioness of Salisbury 

Rosamond 

Rosy Morn (schamini) 

The Bride 

White Pearl 

Yellow Queen 
Goldband Lily . . Lilium auratum 
Goldbeard Iris . . . Iris flavissima 
GoLDBLOTCH FoRSYTHiA {ForsytMa 

suspensa variegata^ Cy) 
GoLDDUST Aucuba (Aucuba japonica 

variegata] Cy) 
GoLDEDGE Box (Buxus setupervirens 

marginata\ Cy) 
Golden Azara, Golden Box, etc. 
See Azara, Box, etc. 



Golden-aster Chrysopsis 

Hairy G C. villosa 

Maryland G C. mariana 

Goldenball (Trollius europaeus lod- 

digesi\ Cy) 
Goldenbowl Mariposa 

Calochortus clavatus 
Goldenchain . . Laburnum vulgare 
CuRLYLEAF G. (L. V. hullatum\) 
Goldleaf G. (L. v. aureum\) 
Oakleaf G. (L. v. quercifolium\) 
Weeping G. (L. v. pendulum^) 
GoLDENCLUB . Orontium aquaticum 
Goldencup 

Hunnemannia fumariaefolia 
Goldenfeather (CAr?/san//ie7nMm par- 

thenium aureu7n'\ Cy) 
Goldenfleece Epimedium (Epime- 

dium pinnatum colchicum\ Cy) 
Goldenglow. Hort. var. of Rud- 

beckia laciniata. 
GoLDENLARCH. Pscudolarix kaempferi 
Goldenleaf Elaeagnus (Elaeagnus 

pungens maculata^ Cy) 
Goldenmoon Maple (Acer japonicum 

aureum] Cy) 
GoLDENPLUME Elder (Sambucus race- 
mosa plumosa-aurea\ Cy) 

GOLDENRAIN-TREE 

Koelreuteria ; K. paniculata 

GoLDENROD Solidago 

BooTT G S. bootti 

Broadleaf G. . . . S. flexicaulis 

Canada G S. canadensis 

Cluster G S. glomerata 

Dwarf European G. Hort. var. 

of S. virgaurea. 
European G. . . . S. virgaurea 

Fragrant G S. odora 

Furry G S. pubens 

Giant G. . . S. serotina gigantea 

Nevada G S. spectabilis 

November G S. serotina 

Oldfield G. . . . S. nemoralis 

Paleleaf G S. pallida 

Roughleaf G S. patula 

Scepter G S. erecta 

Seaside G. . . . S. sempervirens 

Stiff G S. rigida 

Swamp G S. uliginosa 

Tall G S. altissima 

White G S. bicolor 



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aA^^W^T^iPE Heliconia q yhhuI 
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O .t.taT 



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.J Mgkfeoife , QorfjriigN G. 

Hort. var. of Gomgj^ijy|ij^jjq.pjrj 

Good-King-Henry P0LYI?5^DIUM 
feuonuiA Ghenopodium ^ftftMag^^us 

g 901001172^ .Kt^ . . .O aaaviAqAL 



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teli*fiei^lfisi^f • robustumt Cy) 

RoundleafTT. j^^g^WJ^^I^ium 
Smooth Pasture ^. .^J^j^!^}l^bati 

tnerme^ Cy) ,^^^ ;,ogi/.iHO 
SnowG. . . .^.^j^^^^jj^um 
Star-goos^^^ .j(^ 

Wine G. r.-v--- 

Goose FOOT 
Goc 




lienftppdium 



T YfluaaiJAS TO 
Jerusalem-oak 

QUINOA 



•ajHAMa? 
goiI.>iiVi?g^P( 

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aMOMJ^acM^'y^ 
noa 



WUINOA . 5^^^^j^^^) KHOM V^8*^ 

Gordon CTurrant/ Q^ffJI^'aJfo 
orange, etc. Sg.^ ^^^^ 

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Gossamer Wattle bsunijnoo .aeAnO 
ilsqqin muj4gMift4png|§oUft.fit;idfe^da 
.J©(reSY^IUMT.>^Tjoi: .VlOSl/imOoTTON 
barbadenifeq.qu'i .*! BE-AfifeLAND C. 

Goto WiNTERHAHlQqui .^ lo 

Corylop9^g<$)(4ana 
8lIo©tBfnieirru©Qeh/6o^v/-(©^)5iSIs alba 
rau9ngBia©feai^ift)iCy).0 qoTMacuoO 
Gourd esAao-aYaajoO 

Biu2iifluHir^iHJtaqq^H)vif era ; Lagenaria 
idotBwHitaxet CO piioQrbaaieftt^tJima 
8i2i0Qalffik8HO(D&HLageiiah-iapfetJtaktha 

Cranberry-gourd aaAHO^wAJ 
BoinoqB t £ t^Bbis ja O . Abetffa^ Uifriuif olia 
8^8j€4^SH4»s\iitTO8i"flli^cui-l)ita2mDsbhata 

Ivy-gourd (^0. tCoQcliiia^^rdifolia 
2YBftu»^^iN, ..... .Cucurbitai;s<LI^epo 

(YCSt^JbSseGpi^RiK .'S) .M aaqiHTg 
BlIaitBm BimBb-iStiOiossMhssmx^ina. 

Squash . . Cucuig^ai)jC)^m4Kima 
BoifES|>^i^«©K8IiiB<Cuqi;5^T4j?;5aceus 

TOWELGOURD . .-O ■S.VLS^ilADSAMiSsC 

BiloWiAMCSIfifisb-^MiPcasa; B. hispida 
B^!©T¥afflBat94g^P.odium^^iig^ria 

BnSm^^^M§^k-(.4A mmmf}f^ ^^o,- 

muouBis mu^sain^qiz^lji^ ff^ami 

GRAMMANTHES . LETffl^;^j',i>JVFER 

»9ii0*i^ts^^i^(^(ti)gewl#weMfeiT8«wan- 

B920TS6«I©fli0fllD'RENERA.O JATaM 
I©H«rf}flH$4lXXA ... aaAHDTAO 

auidiaNA G. Passiflora qii^dran^ularis 

SwEETtf^H ..Q aaxAp^slilfularis 
Yellow G. Ponrau8odlud .A 

k \ BlfeviteRLEMON : p.. IgiiEfiblia 
Grape .0 aaTAMiZiA Vitis 

For vari^tje^Qf Gra^ (ffikHf^Jf^ .for 






AmurG. . . .-.^gm^lisis 
Blueleaf G. . . -^ .^^^,^i¥?bicplor 
BOURQUIN G. • -^ ^^^^ ^ 

V. aestivalis Wtii 



Grape, continued beuniJnoo .88ahO 

Briar G Vitiaaftvidi 

CAL|faR|tfi^^O)..a 'M-qoaKfornica 
Bi9il!0i«km^l&oi.3A . . V. arizonica 
aiTBfi*p£lA. . ..a aviAJsI aooiJfl rubra 

8i*26a§AM?io.N Ci, . . aaA\f;)«haMpini 
noI^©o^B(®ititp50 , . .O AYvideafifiana 
muiBMfii«tJl^^ .G.88Aflo-ja3Y:¥H7iitifera 
Bo^VEpGREEN Q. . .. Qfeesttsicapansis 

B2a^Hi6i..^ .. .. . ..a ydfeialfibrusca 

aiax^ftfifi^.^. , . .a .Y30iJSf;'.«i4difolia 
ailBBlJJR^viNE s . . .a Motxagnetiae 
ailBiimAflrG^Ai^E ...... .a aocM&honia 

aufiJaaaGs.G, ^ . s . ggAiio:Mi:tiaaiongi 
aimMiTj^caDij^E G. . ,a MoBQtofiXiifolia 
aiaii^tiiffcfeMyGaG. . .. ..3 alfeccaMiicans 

zu'iiMm'MG. .. .. .. .a.'/JQ)BEQM HoL- 

airmoteissfeitl'ja MalSroai>aqj^olium 
29bBl(^lfUQ€l 0- eeAflO ¥ittef ^nucci 

PiNEWooDs G 0^.jd«ts^omi 

B90jfeitJBSieAi8feiEBii<I. O .0 aYaMulpina 
aua&SfflfBn^ auqonoxA ..TO¥aflJJl€itris 
BaofiKteiffi^aitai)isA . CeeRoiobacui^ifera 

Summer G. . . . Vitis'^^siifalis 
aflA$3^f3D®T Mountain ^iWv\,j»toticola 
BtB-^YflEJtfaWtK^Ot G.. .asAnB cinerea 

Tailgrape AptsaiQtrys 

8YbMa66Sy G.. .. .. .. .O^^tiaigitdiana 

muMfsKtEBiaBqaB^ . . . Y) berlaifllieri 

Grape Honeysuckle jiatooQ 
aulBtaiio ainuaon^O L(aia»raa.f©)lifera 
Grapefern .... agAjBfttjycfiium 

2iII<S«Q!4lM5tflfflf'.G. ..a ^ifoimaMcariae 
aui-iSlfSl^^ G.. .. .a HA Jlodi^ectum 

aiafJ^ntergB^JJttiSSBiiCRN.B. yhgiatMiium 
(^4?i^gsf^■5..^.¥0 .aOttinflS'i^andis 

Bmia#4l'fell^^fefte-^)^- ^-^ 
^.^fe^a^c^S^"^.- ^.«'r.^^«M?Scari 

.^io .Ti^Y MoW ^xm^m^tiio\i2i 

Gbass •^'^°'^'^ T 

^f^M^E? '..-. -Horditfii^'gilgare 
^^^M4TO-<?T.- Oplisnvenui SSMbsitus 
■^<^^^6®A3iGKASs • • -^ -froaj-:dW 
^')f"} ^ : ^- Apimophila.;-A.^iftnaria 



^P^^ftvER B. 
^^orRiwrass- 

R.tR3TlV .U . ^ 



A'^sk^gffioides 



Xe 



taKI 



Y^ 



ax 



fcsMALL CAPiTALS=approved connH<^3i^iies. ] JSbt«NfBgiti3ns: .(-\g) (aa^J^)8C<^Q«^age 1 



188 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Grass, continued 

Bent 

Carpet B. {Creeping B.) 

Agrostis stolonifera 
Rhode Island B. . A. capillaris 

Bentgrass Agrostis 

Bermuda G. . Capriola dactylon 

Blue-eyed-grass . Sisyrinchium 

Bluegrass Poa 

Canada B. ... P. compressa 
Kentucky B. . . P. pratensis 

Rough B P. trivialis 

Wood B P. nemoralis 

Bromegrass Bromus 

Common B B. inermis 

Madrid B. . . B. madritensis 

Meadow B B. erectus 

Quaking B. . . B. brizaeformis 
Rescue Grass . B. unioloides 

Canary G. 

Reed C. G. Phalaris arundinacea 

Carpet G. Axonopus compressus 

Cloudgrass . . Agrostis nebulosa 

Cocksfoot 

Australian C Orchard 

Grass . . Dactylis glomerata 

Corn 

Indian C Zea mays 

Dallis G. . Paspalum dilatatum 

Dogtail 
Crested D. Cynosurus cristatus 

DUNEGRASS 

American D. . . Elymus mollis 
European D. . . E. arenarius 

EuLALiA . . Miscanthus sinensis 
Striped E. (M. s. variegatus'\ Cy) 

Feathergrass . Stipa; S. pennata 
Australian F. . S. elegantissima 

Feathertop . Pennisetum villosum 

Fescue Festuca 

Blue F F. glauca 

Chewings F. Hort. var. of F. 
rubra. 

Hair F F. capillata 

Hard F F. duriuscula 

Meadow F F. elatior 

Red F F. rubra 

Shade F. . . . F. heterophylla 
Sheep F F. ovina 

Fingergrass Chloris 

Feather F. . . . C. virgata 
Rhodes Grass . . C. gay ana 



Grass, continued 

Fountain G. . Pennisetum ruppeli 
Crimson Fountain G. Hort. 

var. of P. ruppeli. 
Purple Fountain G. Hort. var. 
of P. ruppeli. 
Foxtail 

Meadow F. Alopecurus pratensis 
GoLDENTOP G. . Achyrodes aureum 

GOLDEYE-GRASS 

Hypoxis; H. hirsuta 
Jobs-tears . Coix; C. lacryma-jobi 
Johnson G. . . Holcus halepensis 
Lawngrass 

Japanese L.Osterdamia japonica 
Maiden G. {Miscanthus sinensis 
gracillimus\ Cy) 

Maize Zea mays 

Striped M. {Z. m. japonica] Cy) 
Manila G. . Osterdamia matrella 
Mannagrass 

Water M. . Panicularia aquatica 
Mascarene G. 

Osterdamia tenuifolia 
Millet . . . Chaetochloa italica 
African M. . Eleusine coracana 
Broomcorn M. 

Panicum miliaceum 
Japanese M. 

Echinochloa crusgalli edulis 
Pearl M. Pennisetum glaucum 

MOLINIA 

Striped M. {Molinia caerulea 

variegata] Cy) 

Napier G. . Pennisetum purpureum 

Natal G. . . . Tricholaena rosea 

Oatgrass .... Arrhenatherum 

Tall O A. elatius 

Tuber O. ... A. bulbosum 

Variegated O. Hort. var. of 
A. bulbosum. 
Oats Avena ; A. sativa 

Animated O. . . . A. sterilis 
Orchard G. . Dactylis glomerata 
Palmgrass . Chaetochloa palmifolia 
Pampasgrass .... Cortaderia 

Common P C. argentea 

Para G. . . Panicum barbinode 
Paspalum 

Water P. . Paspalum dilatatum 
Peppergrass Lepidium 



GRASS— GRASS GENERA 



189 



Grass, continued 

Quaking G Briza 

Big Quaking G. . . B. maxima 
Little Quaking G. . B. minor 
Rabbittail G. . . Lagurus ovatus 
Ravenna G. . Erianthus ravennae 
Redtop .... Agrostis palustris 
Reed 

Giant R. . . . Arundo donax 

Striped Giant R. {A. donax va- 

riegata^ Cy) 

Rescue G. . . Bromus unioloides 

Rhodes G. ... Chloris gayana 

Ribbon G. (Phalaris arundinacea 

picta\ Cy) 

Rice Oryza sativa 

WiLDRiCE Zizania 

Rye Secale; S. cereale 

Siberian Wild-rye 

Elymus giganteus 
Ryegrass 

Italian R. . Lolium multiflorum 

Perennial R. . . . L. perenne 

Sorghum . . . Holcus sorghum 

Broomcorn. Hort. var. of H. 

sorghum. 
DuRRA. Hort. var. of H. sor- 
ghum. 
Feterita. Hort. var. of H. 

sorghum. 
Kafir. Hort. var. of H. sorghum 
MiLO. Hort. var. of H. sorghum 
Sorgho. Hort. var. of H. sor- 
ghum. 
Spikegrass . Desmazeria;D. sicula 
Squirreltail G. Hordeum jubatum 
St. Augustine G. 

Stenotaphrum secundatum 
Stargrass . . Aletris ; A. farinosa 
Sudan G. 

Holcus sorghum sudanensis 
Sugarcane. Saccharum ofRcinarum 
Teff . . . Eragrostis abyssinica 
Teosinte . Euchlaena ; E. mexicana 
Timothy . . Phleum ; P. pratense 

Uniola Uniola 

Broadleaf U. . . . U. latifolia 
Uva G. . Gynerium saccharoides 
Velvet G. . . Notholcus lanatus 
Wheat .... Triticum aestivum 
Whitlowgrass Draba 



Grass, continued 

Wildrice Zizania 

Common W. . . . Z. palustris 
Northern W. . . . Z. aquatica 

Wild-rye Elymus 

Siberian W. . . E. giganteus 

Zebra Grass {Miscanthus sinensis 

zebrinus'\ Cy) 

Golden Z. G. Hort. var. of M 

sinensis. 

Grass Coralbells, Grass Iris, etc. 

See Coralbells, Iris, etc. 
GRASS GENERA 

For convenience of reference, the genera, 
species, and ornamental varieties of 
Grass are hero brought together in one 

consdlidatcd list. 

ACHYRODES 

aureum {Lmnarckia aurea Cy; 
Chrysurus aureus; C. cynosur- 
oides) . . . GoLDENTOP Grass 
AGROSTIS .... Bentgrass 

capillaris {vulgaris; tenuis) 

Rhode Island Bent 

Rhode Island Bent is sometimes mis- 
identified as Agrostis canina, a species 
not in the trade. 

nebulosa Cloudgrass 

palustris (A. alba Cy) . . Redtop 
stolonifera 

(Creeping Bent) Carpet Bent 

AIRA 
caerulea .... Molinia caerulea 

ALOPECURUS 
pratensis . . . Meadow Foxtail 

AMMOPHILA . . Beachgrass 
arenaria Beachgrass 

ANDROPOGON . Beardgrass 
halepensis . . . Holcus halepensis 
saccharoides (A. argenteus Cy) 

Silver Beardgrass 
sorghum .... Holcus sorghum 

ARRHENATHERUM Oatgrass 
bulbosum {Arrhenatherum elatius 

tuberosum Cy) . Tuber Oatgrass 
elatius (Avena elatior) . . Tall O. 
Hort. var. of Arrhenatherum: 
Variegated Oatgrass {bulbosum 

variegatum) 

ARUNDINARIA 

See consolidated list of the genera and 
species of Cane and Bamboo, under tne 
heading BAMBOO GENERA, page 34. 



STANlDamM£5:Bft^g!Nf^M?^ES 



GRASS GENERA, continuedf^'io«iJ'T''> .aa/^q 

mnmo QiANT Reed ^M'^Hrtx 



V.i'rti 



•iWi^A 









j:uliam(k ) mmH 



sic 
1 



A5CQ|f.p^F^,HlK.i 
compressus . 

.in-BAMB.USA-.i.., !.. ..•,„..i„,/.ur, u.'i 

lo SeaJpomsoliUaltetliildsitnof Ithe generaiand 

■iiKspefiies! t)f yO'aild^andtBainboov^umtier >the 

heading BAMBOO GElNBRAil!>age'>34. 

BRIZA . . . 'f^^^^mm^Ass 

erectus . ,^. . . .^^^^r'Mil^feb'W'B. 

Wat^tachyi^^ -> ^^<^^" ■ ^-^ znJ^uIjiq 
madritensis , . .,. . M^S^^^. 

yrioaou 

bee consolmated list (H the K( 
aa-^|ic>ftls.^f i^ine a-nd Banibo(», lyfld^JOflft 
^.Hl??f\4<i«F/ S^MB(^(^^^g^(Il^§^35. 

^iguf ft Ji3^ J l( PimmWi pa I mifol i urn 
miGl^og au:>IoH ■■ . • . PA^^ti^VSg 

RQlS^S^qtyla . (J?<^^•h6tAa)\^^\v^ I. ) ?.mifdt^ 
virgata WiiAlmmMoQf:)A lo .-irtv Ji.»l 

CHRYSURUS . AGHY>RO©ES 

coix . . . ^^^^nmrn^HARs 



iMMA , 

geoera and 



'GRASS GENERA, continued'''^'""'^""' .««ajiO 

«^'*RTADERIA . Piivim'^^s 
loi^rn .^ c J ^'^i^f ^GiSffii^ P. 

I CYNOSURUS aaL^il 

I -ifiri^t&tiiSnijiA . Crest^i©@C{t)ail 

I glpmerata . . . ^X'A BiiM^feD G. 

I ^^«gM'^(MH?Mfc?ed list of thfe^g^M^'kyd 

1 \^;vBpeeieB'®i^Ca3Be^aVlfli\tia)n:lb«^)), tfadeaf itMe 

heading BAMBOO Q^I^iE^^>v|?fge 35. 

I BvinE&HAIERIA . . Spikegjra^ 

I isicBisS^iBrizopyrmn sicutuM)AON 

I ah^sT^D .8 ; 9fR3f)R SpiKEcatAas 

I ECHIN0GHI.QA7/ viAiHaaiH 

I ;Smfig^ii^edttH^ t^ . frumentacea Cy ) 
: jAPANEaEAMmtlir 

j -li«f6iBqn.*se (E. .HidMvhymiQ^) 
!<f(im^9mi?.i}o[on Africa^, Mtl^l^W 

I arenarius . Europe Ai<j'iDb^E*SRAss 
: ^ig&niiu^>. M'>'^i^»ftlikN WrtJiii-iiYE 
! mollis . . American DOWi^rass 

I abyssinica,., . . . ,:'"7(^^''."^eff 



iinioloides .(E. amahilis^^^y'? Pag. 

ERIANTHUSj^ mv-mthmom A .t« 
f^'^WHkR^^ .^"'.'"^rflKlH^^A Gra 



WdktMl^''. 



\^ 



^AV^W -AMl'l/lJiiJ OOiiMAH.y.iil.iiJil 
BuLU-face^approved scientific names. 



fnij5ffe^i&*^ii.rfpAififloJ«gSCAN>Tit¥S 

dWfMsSttldl ; mi/elri*^ . . HiiCR»iF. 
elatidi' (pratensis) . . MemiovmEI. 
glkiictel -U ij lAL-i.KBuaflF. 

©firiaSfi.! aualoiboW. .. ,. .iJB»S]gj?:iP^. 

4uc=syn 



fiH^TrrTTTTxrmrW 

;a n 



zr 



=synonyms or unapproved names 



8aMAPt;IJC^i'lt;fiK^@M>] AaviAxa 



1^1 



owir 
VarietiL„. ,, 



GRASS GENERAv'^(%itintte<^«awai) 88Afl£ 

H«!Si<»}i¥^}-. of Festuca: AJOIWU 
•(9H'frV^*rt^>4*^iscuE. Hort.4te?.'l^ 

F. rubra. ASS 

vii0Jl¥iGmmMy I^ANICULA!lfcIA 
GYM^^TimMX hod Inhynnmvii 

GYNERIUM V/;>1'v>v 

ar)g0Msim .. ..CprtadeA4VlLl\gaSea 
$#^Qh«3rwrifes'/i . .. . ,. UvAoGswiS© 

Sorghum halepense) 

laHGSttmii^A y ). y jSKTotholeu^ilainatus 
sorghum (Andropogant-^ iiW^lMni; 

Sorghuvi vulgmie')ii(\ ^QRawmai 
StfHodaiiajiiBiasQqaL:!) Sudan Grass 

- V/YMi?^e¥rt^A #5- ) sorg%|gTqng ^n y^jyiji ^) 
<i (^^^'^.Pry^'" tts^ipnowiijs nam^sDme 



Broomcorn, ,. 

MiLO XOtlfAfl!^ 

SoRQHO .DajAaHv^aiAa 

Rfi5§WJ^BD mwno) r.iWENNiAL R 

XB?^(M- sinensis. HaniH/.aan' 

\-^^[.^KQrQgillima univiltata; ) ^>i§t:) 

M. s.mriegatM\.^^^^^^_^^^^ 



tg^mwf 



-) I'Ut' 



aM TMK->lMaHt 



PRASS' G^aiiX?;MM^c^«aw3o etA«o 
i «^'^<^LIN"IA'^' muaiuqii/q 

ca^^Mte^^^Ci4ir^J^ UWiimT '' * i '^qqwi 
HcfA/'iM/cyf'lllplinia: 

Striped m.(MmrM Mitl'k dafie- 

cwm van— 
Often miWy 

sativa 8iaAJAHttcE 

japonica (Zo^/st.i^'iajMJc^'Gy)^ •»':'^' 

YHTcMir . . . MMUaOifeiss 
teiwiifolia (Z. tenuifolia Cyynal n^q 

8 Y H oM^^&iMc^imi G . 

i.nPANiICUJtARIAj ir-iHiMioKuo-. •.-.> 







aVe] 



nQly;<?:'mc- 



Small CAPiTAL8=appi«iQlt(J6WM«W'Mkhks. Alibr'?M<fd{/sA'(A»^^t<^r)*11i^^m's^fj'^^^^ 



miliacewm,„i.,,nB^pQMiXiH?Ni.Mp.jKW3T 
a (loo// ^ Chaetochloa P3jpft^ffil>a 

ygr^^g^^^ilfli . Oplismenus coii^positp,^ 
PASPALUM M(IHAHJJ^\cJ 

.,,?jENNISETUM 3JAD32, 

^Ipgecuroides (P. japonic ujifi^^i^^ 

SUDJOi^RjujgON Fouk'^A^N^'^A'^^ss 

Hort. var. of 1?! tfHr^p^lfcATO/iaTH 
cupreum . g^W^j«W\> Ft^SfiThW&dSw 

da 



laucum ( /^. , american um ^.K^y^.tii- 

rnacrophyllwm . 4*/3i4^JlaW^tm 
ftttWtafettoihyidm {macro phyllm)^^^-^'^ 

See also hort. var. list <Hfl^MTi^T 



192 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



GRASS GENERA (PENNISETUM), cont. 

purpureum . . . Napier Grass 
ruppeli {ruppelianum ; cwpreum) 

Fountain G. 

See also hort. var. list below. 

typhoideum .... P. glaucum 
villosum {longistylmn) Feathertop 
Hort. var. of Peimisetum: 
Crimson Fountain Grass {atro- 

sanguineum). Hort. var. of P. 

ruppeli. 
Purple Fountain G. (cupreum) 

Hort. var. of P. ruppeli. 
Purple Pennisetum (macro- 

stachyimi atropurpureum) 

PHALARIS 
arundinacea . Reed Canary Grass 
Hort. var. of Phalaris: 
Ribbon Grass (P. arundinacea 

picia] Cy; arundinacea variegata) 

PHLEUM Timothy 

pratense Timothy 

PHYLLOSTACHYS 

See consolidated list of the genera and 
species of Cane and Bamboo, under the 
heading BAMBOO GENERA, page 35. 

POA Bluegrass 

amabilis 

A name sometimes misapplied in the 
trade to Eragrostis unioloides. 

compressa . Canada Bluegrass 

nemoralis Wood B. 

pratensis Kentucky B. 

trivialis Rough B. 

SACCHARUM 
officinarum .... Sugarcane 

SECALE Rye 

cereale Rye 

SETARIA . CHAETOCHLOA 

SORGHUM .... HOLCUS 

STENOTAPHRUM 
secundatum {glabrum) 

St. Augustine Grass 

STIPA .... Feathergrass 
elegantissima . . Australian F. 
pennata .... Feathergrass 

TRICHOLAENA 
rosea Natal Grass 

TRITICUM 
aestivum {sativum; vulgare) Wheat 



GRASS GENERA, continued 

UNIOLA Uniola 

latifolia Broadleaf U. 

ZEA 
mays . . . Maize, Indian Corn 
Ornamental hort. var. of Zea: 

Striped Maize (Zea mays japon- 

imf Cy) 

ZIZANIA Wildrice 

aquatica .... Northern W. 
palustris Common W. 

ZOYSIA . . . OSTERDAMIA 

Grassleaf Gayfeather, Grassleaf 
SoTOL, etc. See Gayfeather, 
SoTOL, etc. 
Grass-pink Orchid 

Calopogon pulchellus 
Grassy Buttercup, Grassy Screw- 
pine, etc. See Buttercup, 
ScREWPiNE, etc. 
Gray Birch, Gray Dogwood, etc. 

See Birch, Dogwood, etc. 
Graybark Pine . Pinus leucodermis 
Graybox 

Bairnsdale G. 

Eucalyptus bosistoana 

Grays Lily Lilium grayi 

Great Aster, Great Astilbe, etc. 

See Aster, Astilbe, etc. 
Grecian Foxglove, Grecian Lau- 
rel, etc. See Foxglove, Laurel, 
etc. 
Greek Bellflower, Greek Broom, 
etc. See Bellflower, Broom, etc. 
Greek-valerian 

Polemonium caeruleum 
White G. (P. c. alburn^ Cy) 
Green Ash, Green Bottlebrush, 
etc. See Ash, Bottlebrush, etc. 
Greenberry Elder (Samhucus cana- 
densis chlorocarpa\ Cy) 

Greenbrier Smilax 

Bristly G S. hispida 

Coral G S. walteri 

Laurel G. . . . S. laurifolia 
Green-ebony . Jacaranda ovalifolia 
Greenland Sandwort 

Arenaria groenlandica 
Green-net Maple {Acer palmatum 
reticulatum\ Cy) 



GREENSTEM— GUNNISON 



193 



Greenstem Forsythia 

Forsythia viridissima 
Greentwig Dogwood (Conius san- 

guinea viridissima\ Cy) 
Greenvein Bauhinia (Bauhinia va- 

riegata candida\ Cy) 
Gregg Ash .... Fraxinus greggi 
Gregory Spruce (Picea excelsa gre- 
goryana] Cy) 

GREVILLEA Grevillea 

robusta Silk-oak 

thelemanniana 
Gromwell .... Lithospermum 
Carolina G. . . . L. carolinense 

PuccooN L. canescens 

Shrubby G L. fruticosum 

Grossek Bellflower 

Campanula grosseki 

GROSSULARIA RIBES 

Ground Buckeye, Ground Clem- 
atis, etc. See Buckeye, Clem- 
atis, etc. 
Groundcedar 

Lycopodium complanatum 

Groundcherry Physalis 

Bunyard G. ... P. bunyardi 
Cape-gooseberry ... P. edulis 

Common G P. pubescens 

Lantern G. ... P. francheti 
Peruvian G. ... P. peruviana 
Strawberry G. . . P. alkekengi 
ToMATiLLo .... P. ixocarpa 
Groundpine . Lycopodium obscurum 

Groundsel Senecio 

Chinese G S. tanguticus 

Climbing G. ... S. scandens 
Common Cineraria . S. cruentus 
Giantgroundsel 

Ligularia wilsoniana 
Golden G. . . . Senecio aureus 

Ivy G S. mikanioides 

Purple G S. elegans 

RouNDLEAF G. . . S. obovatus 
Silver Cineraria . S. cineraria 

Uruguay G S. pulcher 

Velvet G S. petasitis 

Groundselbush 

Baccharis halimifolia 
Guadalupe Cypress, Guadalupe 
Palm, etc. See Cypress, Palm, 
etc. 



GuAMA Inga laurina 

Guamachil . . Pithecollobium dulce 
GuAVA .... Psidium; P. guajava 
Chile-guava .... Myrtus ugni 
Costa Rican G. 

Psidium friedrichsthalianum 
Strawberry G. . P. cattleianum 
Yellow Strawberry G. (P. cat- 
tleianum lucidum\ Cy) 

For varieties of Guava cultivated for 
their fruit, see American Poniological 
Society's List of Fruits, in Appendix. 

GuiANA-cHESTNUT . Pachira aquatica 

GUILFOYLE POLYSCIAS 

Polyscias guilfoylei 
Gum 

Apple G. . Eucalyptus stuartiana 

Blue G E. globulus 

Brown G E. robusta 

Bushy Blue G. {E. globulus com- 
pacta-\ Cy) 

Cabbage G E. virgata 

Cider G E. gunni 

Creek G E. rostrata 

Desert G E. rudis 

Flat-top G. . . E. occidentalis 

Honey G E. melliodora 

Karri G E. diversicolor 

Leatherleaf G. . . E. coriacea 
Lehmann G. . . . E. lehmanni 
Lemon G. . E. maculata citriodora 
Mahogany G. . . . E. resinifera 

Manna G E. viminalis 

Messmate G E. obliqua 

Peppermint G. . . . E. odorata 
Port Gregory G. . E. calophylla 

Scarlet G E. ficifolia 

Slaty G E. tereticomis 

Spotted G E. maculata 

Sugar G E. corynocalyx 

Sweetgum 

Liquidambar; L. styraciflua 
Gum Rockrose . Cistus ladaniferus 
Gumbo . Okra: Hibiscus esculentus 

Gum-myrtle Angophora 

Kino G A. intermedia 

Rusty G A. lanceolata 

GUNNERA GuNNERA 

chilensis (scabra) . Chilean G. 
manicata Great G. 

Gunnison Mariposa 

Calochortus gimnisoni 



194 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



GYMNOCALYCIUM 

denudatum {Echinocactus denuda- 

tus) 
gibbosum (E. gibhosus) 
mosti {E. mosti) 
multiflonim {E. multiflorus) 
schickendantzi {E. schickendantzi) 

GYMNOCLADUS 
dioica (canadensis) 

Kentucky Coffeetree 

GYMNOGRAMMA 

PITYROGRAMMA 

GYMNOTHRIX . PENNISETUM 

GYNERIUM 

argenteum . . Cortaderia argentea 



saccharoides 



UvA Grass 



GYNURA 

aurantiaca (Crassocephalum auran- 
tiacum Ag) . . . Velvetplant 

GYPSOPHILA .... Gypsophila 

acutifolia Green G. 

cerastioides . . . Mouse-ear G. 
elegans Common G. 

monstrosa . . Large Creeping G. 

Hort. var. of G. repens. 

muralis Cushion G. 

paniculata .... Babysbreath 
repens . . Creeping Gypsophila 

steveni Steven G. 

Hort. var. of Gypsophila: 

Double Babysbreath (G. panicu- 
lata fiorepleno Cy) 
Large Creeping Gypsophila {G, 
repens monstrosa] Cy) 

Haage Campion {Lychnis haageana'\ 

Cy) 
HABENARIA 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

HABROTHAMNUS . CESTRUM 

Hackberry . Celtis; C. occidentalis 

Bigleaf H. . . .Co. crassifolia 



Chinese H. . 
European H. 
Oriental H. 
Paloblanco 
sugarberry . 
Hacksaw Fern 



. . C. sinensis 

C. australis 

. C. toumeforti 

C. reticulata 

mississippiensis 

Doodia aspera 



HAEMANTHUS . . . Bloodlily 
albiflos (alhifiora) . . White B. 

coccineus Scarlet B. 

puniceus Salmon B. 

HAEMATOXYLON {HEMATOXY- 

LON) Logwood 

campechianum .... Logwood 
Hair Fescue, Hair Palm, etc. See 

Fescue, Palm, etc. 
Hairy Alumroot, Hairy Angelica, 
etc. See Alumroot, Angelica, 
etc. 

HAKEA Hakea 

elliptica 

lanrina Sea-urchin H. 

pugioniformis 

saligna Willow H. 

suaveolens 
Hakodate Barberry 

Berberis amurensis japonica 
Halberd Willow . . Salix hastata 

HALESIA Silverbell 

diptera Two-wing S. 

monticola Mountains. 

tetraptera (H. Carolina Cy-Ag) 

Great S. 
Halfhigh Arborvitae (Thuja occi- 
dentalis intermedia] Cy) 
Halfskirt Daffodil 

Narcissus incomparabilis 

HALIMODENDRON . . Salt-tree 
halodendron .... Salt-tree 
Hall Crab, Hall Japanese Hon- 
eysuckle, etc. See Crab, Hon- 
eysuckle; etc. 
HAMAMELIS . . . Witch-hazel 
japonica .... Japanese W. 

See also hort. var. list below. 

mollis Chinese W. 

vemalis Vernal W. 

virginiana (virginica) Common W. 
Hort. var. of Hamamelis : 

Lemon Japanese W. (H. japonica 

zuccariniana] Cy) 
Purple Japanese W. (H. j. ar- 

borea] Cy) 

HAMATOCACTUS 

setispinus (Echinocactus setispinus) 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. ITAhc=synonyms or unapproved names. 



HAMELIA— HAWTHORN 



195 



HAMELIA 

patens Scarletbush 

sphaerocarpa 
Hamilton Bamboo 

Dendrocalamus hamiltoni 
Handleaf English Ivy, Handleaf 
Lobelia, etc. See Ivy, Lobelia, 
etc. 
Hanging Begonia Begonia haageana 
HankOw Willow . Salix matsudana 
Hanson Lily . . . Lilirnn hansoni 
Harbinger Cherry (Prunus padus 

commutata^ Cy) 
Harbinger-of-spring 

Erigenia bulbosa 
Harbison Buckeye 

Aesculus harbisoni 
Hard Fescue . . Festuca duriuscula 

HARDENBERGIA 

comptoniana (Kennedia comptoni- 

ana Ag; Kennedy a caerulea) 
monophylla {K. monophylla Ag; 
Kennedya ovata) 
Hardback . . . Spiraea tomentosa 

White H. (S. t. alba^ Cy) 
Hardshell Custard-apple 

Annona scleroderma 

Hardy Deodar, Hardy Larkspur, 

etc. See Deodar, Larkspur, etc. 

Hardyleaf Japanese Honeysuckle 

(Lonicera japonica flexuosa] Cy) 

Harebell . Campanula rotundifolia 

Harebell Phacelia, Harebell 

Speedwell, etc. See Phacelia, 

Speedwell, etc. 

Haricot Bean . Phaseolus vulgaris 

HA RIOT A HATIORA 

Harison Yellow Rose {Rosa hari- 

somf Ar) 
Harlequin Glorybower 

Clerodendron trichotomum 
Harput Iris . . . Iris histrioides 
Harrington Plum- yew 

Cephalotaxus harringtonia 
HARRISIA 

bonplandi {Cereus bonplandi Cy) 

eriophora (C eriophorus) 

gracilis 

martini (C martini Cy) 



HARRISIA, continued 

tortuosa (Cereus atropurpureus ; C. 
tortuosus Cy) 
Hartford Fern Lygodium palmatum 
Hartland Goatsrue (Gulega offici- 
nalis hartlandi] Cy) 

HARTMANNIA . OENOTHERA 

HARTOGIA Ag . . AGATHOSMA 
Hartstongue 

Phyllitis scolopendrium 
Hartweg Lupine, Hartweg Pent- 
STEMON, etc. See Lupine, Peivt- 
STEMON, etc. 
HARTWEGIA 

purpurea 
Hatchet Cactus 

Pelecyphora aselliformis 
HATIORA 

salicomioides ( Hariota salicorni- 
oides; Rhipsalis salicomioides) 
Coral Cactus 
'Haw 

Blackhaw . Viburnum prunifolium 
PossuMHAw .... Ilex decidua 
Southern Blackhaw 

Viburnum rufidulum 
Hawaiian Giant Taro 

Alocasia macrorrhiza 

Hawkweed Hieracium 

Orange H. . . . H. aurantiacum 

Shaggy H H. villosum 

Hawthorn Crataegus 

Arkansas H. . . . C. arkansana 

Arnold H C. arnoldiana 

Baby H C. modesta 

Barry H C. barryana 

BissELL H. . C. apposita bisselli 

Black H C. douglasi 

BoYNTON H. ... C. boyntoni 

Bronzy H C. cuprea 

Buckley H. . . . C. buckleyi 

Bunch H C. delosi 

Carriere H C. carrierei 

Cerro H C. cerronis 

Chinese H C. pinnatifida 

Christmas H. . C. durobrivensis 
CocKSPUR Thorn . . C. crusgalli 

Coral H C. Colorado 

Dawson H. . . . C. dawsoniana 



Small CAPiTAL8=approved common names. Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (t) see page 1. 



196 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Hawthorn, continued 

Delaware H. . Crataegus apposita 

Dotted H C. punctata 

Double English H. (C. monogyna 

alboplena-\ Cy) 
Double Red H. (C. monogyna 

ruhroplena-\ Cy) 

Downy H C. mollis 

Ellwanger H. . C. ellwangeriana 
English H. (One-stone) 

C. monogyna 
English H. (Two-stone) 

C. oxyacantha 
European Black H. . . C. nigra 

Fleshy H C. succulenta 

Franklin H C. lauta 

Frosted H C. pruinosa 

Glossy H C. nitida 

Golden English H. (C. oxyacantha 

aurea\ Cy) 
India-hawthorn 

Raphiolepis indica 
Inkberry H. Crataegus multiflora 

Missouri H C. fecunda 

Nippon H C. cuneata 

October H C. infera 

One-flower H. . . . C. uniflora 

Parsley H C. apiifolia 

Paul Double Scarlet H. Hort 

var. of C. oxyacantha. 
Paul English H. (C oxyacantha 

pauli^ Cy) 

Pear H C. tomentosa 

Peking H. . C. pinnatifida major 

Persian H C. peregrina 

Pink Weeping H. (C. monogyna 

roseopendula^ Cy) 
Plumleaf H. . . . C. prunifolia 
Pyramid H. {Crataegus monogyna 

stricta'\ Cy) 

Quebec H C. submollis 

Redrim H. (Crataegus oxyacantha 

hicolor\ Cy) 

River H C. rivularis 

Rose H. (C. monogyna rosea^ Cy) 
RouNDLEAF H. . C. rotundifoUa 

Russet H C. foetida 

Silver H C. orientalis 

Single Pink H. (C. 7nonogyna 

punicea^ Cy) 

Smith H C. smithi 

Spike H C. macrantha 



Hawthorn, continued 

Thicket H. . Crataegus coccinea 
Threeflower H. . . C. triflora 
Washington H. . . . C. cordata 
Weeping English H. (C. 7nono- 

gyna pendula'\ Cy) 
West Chester H. . C. fructuosa 

Wood H C. nemoralis 

Yeddo-hawthorn 

Raphiolepis umbellata 
Hawthorn Gooseberry, Hawthorn 
Raspberry, etc. See Goose- 
berry, Raspberry, etc. 
Haylodge Columbine 

Aquilegia haylodgensis 
Hay-scented Fern 

TT Dennstedtia punctilobula 

Hazel ^ 

Winterhazel .... Corylopsis 
Witch-hazel .... Hamamelis 

Hazel Alder, Hazel Bottletree, 
etc. See Alder, Bottletree, etc. 

Hazelnut Corylus 

American H. . . . C. americana 

Beaked H C. rostrata 

Chinese H C. chinensis 

Filbert . . Corylus; C. avellana 
Tree H C. columa 

For horticultural varieties of Corylus 
cultivated for their nuts, see Filbert in 
American Pomological Society's List of 
Fruits andNuts, in Appendix. 

Heal-all . . . Selfheal: Prunella 
Heart 

Bleedingheart 

Dicentra spectabilis 

Floatingheart . . Nymphoides 

Heartleaf Ampelopsis, Heartleaf 

Oxeye, etc. See Ampelopsis, 

OxEYE, etc. 

Heartpetal Larkspur 

Delphinium cardiopetalum 
Heartseed .... Cardiospermum 

Heath Erica 

Biscay H. . . E. mediterranea 
Black-eyed H. . E. melanthera 

Cornish H E. vagans 

Corsican H E. striata 

Crossleaf H E. tetralix 

Darley H. Hort. var. of E. medi- 
terranea. 

Fringed H E. ciliaris 

Garland H. . . . E. persoluta 



HEATH— HELENIUM 



197 



Heath, continued 

Mackay H. (mackayi) 
Porcelain H. . . Erica ventricosa 
Red Cornish H. Hort. var. of E. 

vagans. 
Rosy Garland H. Hort. var. of E. 

persoluta. 
Scarlet Twisted H. {E. cinerea 

coccinea] Cy) 
Showy Cornish H. Hort. var. of 

E. vagans. 
Spikeheath 

Bruckenthalia spiculifolia 

Spring H Erica camea 

Twisted H E. cinerea 

White Cornish H. {E. vagans 

alha-\ Cy) 
White Moor H. Hort. var. of E. 

camea. 
White Twisted H. {E. cinerea 

alba'\ Cy) 
WiLMORE H. {E. wilmorci] Cy) 

Winter H E. hyemalis 

Heath Aster, Heath Melaleuca, 

etc. See Aster, Melaleuca, etc. 

Heather .... Caliuna vulgaris 

Alport H. (C. v. alporti-\ Cy) 

Brush H. Hort. var. of C. vulgaris 

Dwarf White H. Hort. var. of C. 

vulgaris. 
Flesh H. (C v. carnea'\ Cy) 
Moss H. (C. V. nana-\ Cy) 
Red H. (C. v. rw5mt Cy) 
Scotch H. . . Heather: C. vulgaris 
Searle H. (Caliuna vulgaris sear- 
lei^ Cy) 
Slender H. Hort. var. of C 

vulgaris. 
White H. (C. v. alba^ Cy) 
Woolly H. (C. v. hirsuta] Cy) 

HEDERA Ivy 

canariensis (algeriensis) 

Algerian I 
colchica {roegneriana) . Colchis I. 

helix English I. 

Hort. var. of Hedera: 
Bunchleaf English Ivy ( H. helix 

conglomerata^ Cy) 
Bush English I. {H. h. arhores- 
cens\ Cy) 



HEDERA (Hort. var.), continued 

Caenwood I. {Hedera helix caen- 

woodiana) 
Giant English I. (H. helix dentata) 
Handleaf English I. {H. h. pal- 

matof Cy) 
Leopard English I. {H. h. macu- 

totof Cy) 
Silver Queen I. Hort. var. of 

Hedera helix. 
Spotted Giant I. (H. helix dentata 

variegata) 
Variegated English I. (H. helix 

variegata) 
Yellowedge Algerian I. {H. ca- 
nariensis variegata'\ Cy) 
Hedge Bamboo, Hedge Bindweed, 
etc. See Bamboo, Bindweed, etc. 
Hedgehog Agave, Hedgehog Holly, 

etc. See Agave, Holly, etc. 
Hedgehog-coneflower . Echinacea 
HEDYCHIUM . . . Gingerlily 

' coronarium Common G. 

gardnerianum India G. 

HEDYSARUM 
coronarium 
multijugum 
HEDYSCEPE ^ 

canterburyana (Kentia canterhury- 

ana) .... Canterbury Palm 

He-huckleberry . Lyonia ligustrina 

Helen Columbine, Helen Rose, 

etc. See Columbine, Rose, etc. 

HELENIUM .... Sneezeweed 

autumnale Common S. 

bigelovi Bigelow S. 

hoopesi Orange S. 

nudiflorum 

tenuifolium .... Bitterweed 

Hort. var. of Sneezeweed, Helenium: 

Dwarf {Helenium autumnale pu- 

7nilum\ Cy) 
Gartensonne. Hort. var. of H. 

autumnale. 
Georgia {H. nudiflorum grandi- 

cephalum striatum Cy) 
Great ( Helenium autmnnale super- 
hum^ Cy) 
Red {H. a. rubrum] Cy) 
RivERTON Beauty 
Riverton Gem 



198 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



HELIANTHELLA 

quinquenervis 

HELIANTHEMUM . . . Sunrose 

alpestre Alpine S. 

chamaecistus (vulgare) . Common S. 
glaucum croceum 
halimifolium multiflorum 

Morocco S. 

Hort. var. of Helianthemum : 

Fickle Sunrose {H. chamaecistus 

mutahile] Cy; mutabile) 
Rosemary S. {H. c. tom.eniosum\ 

Cy; angustifolium; hyssopifolium ; 

polifolium) 

HELIAMPHORA . Pitcherplant 
nutans Roraima P. 

HELIANTHUS . . . Sunflower 
annuus Common S. 

See also hort. var. list following. 

angustifolius Swamp S. 

argophyllus (argyrophyllus) 

Silverleaf S. 
atrorubens (sparsifoluis) 

Darke YE S. 
califomicus . . . California S. 

The name H. califomicus is often mis- 
applied to the Doubleray Sunflower, 
hort. var. of H. annuus. 

debilis {cucumerifolius) 

Cucumber Sunflower 
decapetalus .... Thinleaf S. 

See also hort. var. list following. 

giganteus Giant S. 

globosus Globe S. 

Hort. var. of H. annuus. 

grosse-serratus . . Sawtooth S. 

laetiflorus Showy S. 

macrophyllus 

H. strumosus macrophyllus 
maximiliani {maximilianns) 

Maximilian Sunflower 
maximus . . Giant Thinleaf S. 

Hort. var. of H. decapetalus. 

mollis Ashy S. 

muUiflorus . Golden Thinleaf S. 

Hort. var. of H. decapetalus. 

nanus .... Double Dwarf S. 

Hort. var. of H. annuus. 

orgyalis 



HELIANTHUS, continued 

scaberrimus {Helianthus rigidus Ag) 
Prairie Sunflower 
sparsifolius ... H. atrorubens 
strumosus Woodland Sunflower 
— macrophyllus 

BiGLEAF Woodland S. 

tuberosus . Jerusalem-artichoke 

Hort. var. of Sunflower, Helianthus: 

Double Dwarf {annuus nanus; 

nanus) 
Double Thinleaf (decapetalus 

florepleno) 
Doubleray {H. annuus calif or- 

nicust Cy) 
Giant Thinleaf ( H. decapetalv^ 

inaximus'\ Cy; maximus) 
Globe {annuus globosus; globosus) 
Golden Thinleaf {H. decapetalus 

multiflorus\ Cy; muUiflorus) 
Soleil d'Or. Hort. var. of H. 

decapetalus. 
Wolley Dod. Hort. var. of H. 

scaberrimus. 
HELICHRYSUM . . Everlasting 

The name of this genus as originally 
published was Elichrysum. 
The common name Everlasting apphes 
also to the related genera Ammobium, 
Anaphahs, and Helipterum. 

angustifolium 

W^HITELEAF EVERLASTING 

bracteatum . . . Strawflower 
petiolatum {Gnaphalium lanatum) 
Cudweed Everlasting 
Hort. var. of Helichrysum: 

Double Strawflower {monsiro- 
sum). Hort. var. of H. bracte- 
atum. 
Fireball S. Hort. var. of H. 
bracteatum. 
HELICODICEROS . . Twist-arum 

The name of this genus under the 
American Rules is Megotigea. 

muscivorus {Arum crinitum) 

Twist-arum 
HELICONIA Heliconia 

The name of this genus under the 
American Rules is Bihai. 

aureostriata {aurea) 

Goldstripe Heliconia 
bihai Carib H. 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. 7rAhc=synonyms or unapproved names. 



HELIOCEREUS— HEMIONITIS 



199 



HELIOCEREUS 

amecamensis {Cereus amecamensis ; 

H. amecaensis Cy) 
elegantissimus 
speciosus {Cereus speciosus; C. coc- 

cineus) King Cactus 

HELIOPSIS Heliopsis 

helianthoides (laevis) 

Sunflower H. 

scabra Rough H. 

Hort. var. of Heliopsis : 

Dwarf Gold H. (H. scabra im- 

hricata\ Cy) 
Hercules H. {H. s. major\ Cy) 
Lemon H. {H. s. gratissima] Cy) 
Pitcher H. {H. helianthoides pitch- 

eriana] Cy) 
Zinnia H. (Heliopsis scabra zin- 
niaeflora] Cy) 

Heliotrope Heliotropium 

Big H H. corymbosum 

Common H. . . . H. peruvianum 

HELIOTROPIUM . . Heliotrope 

corymbosum Big H. 

peruvianum Common H. 

Hort. var. of Heliotrope, Heliotro- 
pium peruvianimi, H. corymbo- 
sum, and hybrids between the 
two: 

BuissoN Fleuri 

Centefleur 

Chieftain 

Florence Nightingale 

Jersey Beauty 

La Duse 

Lemoine Giant 

Lord Roberts 

Lorne 

LuEUR d'Opale 

Midnight 

Mme. Bruant 

Mme. Delaux 

Mme. Lederle 

Prince Charmant 

Regal 

Snow Wreath 

Snowball 

Tall Dark 

White Lady 

Small CAPiTALS=approved common names. 



HELIPTERUM . . . Everlasting 

The common name Everlasting applies 
also to the related genera Ammobium, 
Anaphahs, and Helichrysum. 

album . . . White Everlasting 

Hort. var. of H. roseum. 

corymbiflorum . . . Cluster E. 
humboldtianum (sanfordi) 

Humboldt E. 
manglesi (Rhodanthe manglesi) 

Mangles E. 
— maculatum (R. maculata) 

Spotted E. 
roseimi (Acroclinium roseum) 

Rose E. 
Hort. var. of Helipterum: 

White Everlasting (album; ro- 
seum album; Acroclinium album) 

Hellebore Helleborus 

False-hellebore . . . Veratnmi 
HELLEBORUS .... Hellebore 

niger Christmas-rose 

JIELONIAS Swamp-pink 

bullata Swamp-pink 

HEMATOXYLON 

HAEMATOXYLON 
HEMEROCALLIS .... Daylily 

aurantiaca Orange D. 

— major . . . Great Orange D. 

citrina Citron D. 

disticha H. fulva 

dumortieri (sieboldi) 

Early Daylily 
flava (H. lilio-asphodelus Ag) 

Lemon D. 
fulva (disticha) . . . Tawny D. 

See also hort. var. list below. 

lilio-asphodelus Ag . . . H. flava 

luteola .... Golden Daylily 

middendorffi Amur D. 

minor Dwarf D. 

sieboldi H. dumortieri 

thunbergi . . Japanese Daylily 
Hort. var. of Daylily, Hemerocallis : 

Dr. Regel 

Florham 

KwANSO ( H. fulva kwanso'\ Cy) 

Sovereign 
HEMIONITIS 

palmata . . . Strawberry Fern 



Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (f) see page I 



200 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



HEMIPTELEA . . . ZELKOVA 

Hemlock . Tsuga 

Canada H. . . . T. canadensis 
Carolina H. . . . T. caroliniana 

Chinese H T. chinensis 

Dwarf Can.\da H. {T. canaden- 
sis com-pocta^ Cy) 
Japanese H. . . . T. diversifolia 
Mountain H. . . T. mertensiana 
Sargent Weeping H. {T. cana- 
densis pendida'\ Cy) 

SiEBOLD H T. sieboldi 

Slender Canada H. (T. canaden- 
sis gracilis^ Cy) 

Waterhemlock Cicuta 

Western H. . . . T. heterophylla 
Whitetip H. {T. canadensis albo- 

spica'\ Cy) 
Yunnan H. . . . T. yunnanensis 

Hemp Cannabis 

Bowstring-hemp 

Sansevieria zeylandica 
Common H. . . Cannabis sativa 
Giant H. Hort. var. of C. sativa. 
Hemp Bamboo, Hemp Dogbane, etc. 

See Bamboo, Dogbane, etc. 
Hen-and-chickens 

Sempervivum soboliferum 

Henbane .... Hyoscyamus niger 

Henderson Allamanda, Henderson 

AuBRiETiA, etc. See Allamanda, 

Aubrietia, etc. 

Henequen . . . Agave fourcroydes 

Henna Lawsonia inermis 

Henry Honeysuckle, Henry Ma- 
ple, etc. See Honeysuckle, 
Maple, etc. 

HEPATICA Hepatica 

acutiloba .... Sharplobe H. 
angulosa .... Hungarian H. 
triloba {H. nobilis Ag; H. ameri- 
cana Ag; H. hepatica) 

RouNDLOBE Hepatica 

H. triloba of the Cyclopedia includes 
both the common American Hepatica, 
H. americana Ag, and the European 
relative of this species, H. nobilis Ag. 

HERACLEUM .... Cow-parsnip 

lanatiim Common C. 

mantegazzianum . . . Bigleaf C. 
villosum {giganieum) Caucasian G. 

Herb Robert Geranium robertianum 



Herb Treemallow 

Lavatera trimestris 
Herbaceous Periwinkle 

Vinca herbacea 
Hercules Heliopsis {Heliopsis sca- 

hra 7najor-\ Cy) 
Hercules-club 

Zanthoxylum clava-herculis 

HERNIARIA Burstwort 

glabra Burstwort 

Heron^ill Erodium 

Alfileria ... E. cicutarium 
Common H. . . . E. moschatum 
Pyrenees H. . . . E. manescavi 

HESPERIS Rocket 

matronalis Dames R. 

HESPEROYUCCA 

whipplei (Yucca whipplei) 

Chaparral Yucca 
HETEROCENTRON 

roseum {mexicanum) 

HETEROMELES . . PHOTINIA 

HEUCHERA Alumroot 

americana .... American A. 
brizoides Pinkbells 

gracillima . Grassleaf Coralbells 

Hort. var. of H sanguinea. 

pubescens (rubifolia) 

Marbled Alumroot 

sanguinea Coralbells 

villosa .... Hairy Alumroot 
Hort. var. of Coralbells, Heuchera 
sanguinea : 

Flambeau 

Grassleaf (H. s. gracillima^ Cy) 

Nebulance 

Pleu de Feu 

Shirley 

Snowdrop (H. s. alba-\ Cy) 

Splendens 

Virginal 

Walker 
HEVEA 

brasiliensis . Para Rubbertree 
Hexagon Stonecrop 

Sedum sexangulare 

HEX AST Y LIS .... ASARUM 
HIBBERTIA 
yolubilis 



HIBISCUS— HIGAN 



201 



HIBISCUS . Hibiscus, Rosemallow 

africanus H. trionum 

coccineus . Scarlet Rosemallow 
elatus {Paritium elatum) 

Mountain R. 
esculentus (Abelmoschus esculen- 

tus) (Gumbo) Okra 

grandiflonis . Great Rosemallow 
manihot {Abelmoschus manihot) 

Sunset Hibiscus 
militaris . . Soldier Rosemallow 
miniatus 

A form of H. rosa-sinensis. 

moscheutos .... Common R. 

mutabilis Cotton R. 

oculiroseus . . Crimson-eye R. 
rosa-sinensis (sinensis) 

Chinese Hibiscus 

sabdariffa Roselle 

schizopetalus . Fringed Hibiscus 

sinensis H. rosa-sinensis 

subviolaceus 

A form of H. rosa-sinensis. 

syriacus (Althaea frutex) 

Shrub-althea 

The common name Shrub-althea is not 
to be confused with the genus Althaea, 
which includes the Hollyhock and the 
true Marshmallow. 

tiliaceus (Paritium elatum) 

Linden Hibiscus 
trionum (africanus) 

Flower-of-an-hour 
Hort. var. of Shrub-althea, Hibiscus 
syriacus : 
Admiral Dewey 
Amaranthus 
Banner. The Banner. 
BouLE de Feu 
Comte de Haimont 

COMTE DES FlANDRES 
DUCHESSE DE BrABANT 

Flesh. Incarnatus. 

Folio-variegato. Spotleaf. 

Granville 

Incarnatus. Flesh. 

Jeanne d'Arc 

Lady Stanley 

Leopardleaf. Variegatus. 

Purity 

Snotvdrift 

Snowstorm. Totus albus. 



HIBISCUS (Hort. var.), continued 

Spotleaf. Folio-variegato. 
The Baruier. Banner. 
Totus albus. Snowstorm. 
Hibiscus Hibiscus 

See also Rosemallow. 

Chinese H. . . . H. rosa-sinensis 
Flower-of-an-hour . H. trionum 
Fringed H. . . H. schizopetalus 

Linden H H. tiliaceus 

Okra H. esculentus 

Roselle H. sabdariffa 

Shrub-althea . . . H. syriacus 

Sunset H H. manihot 

Hickory Hicoria 

For horticultural varieties of Hicoria 
grown for their nuts, see Hickory and 
Pecan in American Fomological Soci- 
ety's List of Fruits and Nuts, in Ap- 
pendix. 

BiTTERNUT . . . H. cordiformis 

MocKERNUT H. alba 

Pecan H. pecan 

Pignut H. glabra 

Shagbark H H. ovata 

Shellbark H. . . H. laciniosa 
Hicks Yew (Taxiis media hicksi\ Cy) 
HICORIA Hickory 

For horticultural varieties of Hicoria 
grown for their nuts, see Hickory and 
Pecan as noted above under Hickory. 

alba (Carya alba Cy; C. tomentosa; 
H. tomentosa) . . Mockernut 

cordiformis (C. cordiformis Cy; C. 
amara; H. minima) . Bitternut 

glabra (C. glabra Cy; C. porcina) 
Pignut 

laciniosa (C. laciniosa Cy; C. sul- 
cata; H. sulcata) 

Shellbark Hickory 

minima H. cordiformis 

ovata (C. ovata Cy) 

Shagbark Hickory 

pecan (C. pecan Cy) . . . Pecan 

sulcata H. laciniosa 

tomentosa H. alba 

HIERACIUM Hawkweed 

aurantiacum .... Orange H. 
villosum Shaggy H. 

Higan Cherry . Prunus subhirtella 



202 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



HiGHBUSH Blackberry, Highbush 
Blueberry, etc. See Black- 
berry, Blueberry, etc. 
Himalaya-berry Rubus thyrsanthus 
Himalaya-honeysuckle 

Leycesteria formosa 
Himalayan Aster, Himalayan Bar- 
berry, etc. See Aster, Bar- 
berry, etc. 
Hinds Walnut . . Juglans hindsi 
Hindu Datura, Hindu Lotus, etc. 

See Datura, Lotus, etc. 
HiNODEGiRi Azalea Azalea hinodegiri 
HiNOKi Cypress 

Chamaecyparis obtusa 
HIPPEASTRUM 

equestre {Ajnaryllis equestris) 

House- AMARYLLIS 
johnsoni (A. johnsoni) 
solandriflonim (A. solandraefiora) 
vittatum {A. vittata) 
HIPPOPHAE . . . Sea-buckthorn 
rhamnoides .... Common S. 
HiRYU Azalea . . . Azalea obtusa 
Hitoye Cherry . Prunus lannesiana 
Hoarfrost Savin (Juniperus sabina 
variegata\ Cy) 

HoARHOUND Marrubium 

Common H M. vulgare 

Hoary Cedronella, Hoary Spirea, 

etc. See Cedronella, Spirea, etc. 

Hobblebush . Viburnum alnifolium 

HoDGiNSON Holly {Ilex aquifolium 

hodginsoni\ Cy) 
HOLCUS 

halepensis (Andropogon halepensis; 
Sorghum halepense) 

Johnson Grass 
lanatus .... Notholcus lanatus 
sorghum {Andropogon sorghum; Sor- 
ghum vulgare) .... Sorghum 
— sudanensis . . . Sudan Grass 

Varieties of H. sorghum are in culti- 
vation under the following names, some 
of which have subvarieties: 

Broomcorn 

DURRA 

Feterita 
Kafir 

MiLO 

Sorgho 



HoLDT Locust .... Robinia holdt 
Holland Elm . . Ulmus hoUandica 
HoLLOwsTEM Iris . . Ifis bulleyaua 

Holly Ilex 

American H I. opaca 

Cassena . . Yaupon: I. vomitoria 

Chinese H I. comuta 

Common Winterberry 

I. verticillata 

Coral H I. corallina 

Dahoon I. cassine 

English H I. aquifolium 

FiNETooTH H I. serrata 

Golden Queen H. (/. aquifolium 

aureoregina^ Cy) 
Hedgehog H. (/. a.ferox] Cy) 
Hodginson H. (/. aquifolium hod- 
ginsoni\ Cy) 

Inkberry I. glabra 

Japanese H I. crenata 

Laurel H. (/. aquifolium lauri- 

folia] Cy) 
LiTTLELEAF H. (/. aquifoUum mi- 
croph^jlla] Cy) 

LiTTLELEAF JAPANESE H. 

I. crenata microphylla 
LoNGSTALK H. . . I. pcduuculosa 
Mountain Winterberry 

I. monticola 

Mountain-holly 

Nemopanthus mucronatus 
PossuMHAw .... Ilex decidua 
Pyramid H. (7. aquifolium pyra- 

midalis] Cy) 
Sawtooth H. (7. a. serratifoliaj Cy) 
Seaholly . Eryngium maritimum 
Smooth Winterberry Ilex laevigata 
ToPEL H. {vomitoria X opaca) 
Variegated English H. Hort. 

var. of I. aquifolium. 
Weeping H. (7. aquifolium pen- 
dula'\ Cy) 

Yaupon I. vomitoria 

Yellow Winterberry (7. laevi- 
gata herveyi] Cy) 
Holly Barberry, Holly Oak, etc. 

See Barberry, Oak, etc. 
Hollyfern .... Polystichum 

Braun H P. brauni 

Christmas Fern P. acrostichoides 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. 7rAi!ic=synonyms or unapproved names. 



HOLLYFERN— HONEYSUCKLE 



203 



HoLLYPERN, continued 

East Indian H. 

Polystichum aristatum 

. Giant H P. munitum 

House H. . . Cyrtomium falcatum 
Japanese H. Polystichum varium 
Leather Fern . P. adiantiforme 

Mountain H P. lonchitis 

TsusiMA H. . . . P. tsussimense 

HoLLYGRAPE Mahoiiia 

Chinese H M. fortune! 

Cluster H M. pinnata 

Creeping H M. repens 

Fernando H M. nevini 

Leatherleaf H. . . . M. bealei 

LoNGLEAF H M. nervosa 

Oregon H. . . . M. aquifolium 

Hollyhock Althaea rosea 

Allegheny H. Hort. var. of 
A. rosea. 

Figleaf H A. ficifolia 

Newport Pink H. Hort. var. of 
A. rosea. 

Hollyhock Mallow . . Malva alcea 

HoLLYLEAF Cherry Pfunus iUcifolia 

HOLODISCUS 

The name of this genus under the 
American Rules is Sericotheca. 

discolor {Sericotheca dumosa Ag; Schi- 

zonotus discolor) . . Rockspirea 

— ariaefolius {Sericotheca discolor 

Ag; Spiraea ariaefolia) 

HOLOPTELEA Oceanspray 

integrifolia India-elm 

Holy-ghost-flower . Peristeria elata 
HOMALOCEPHALA 

texensis {Echinocactus texensis Cy) 
Hondo Pear, Hondo Spruce, etc. 

See Pear, Spruce, etc. 
Honduras Coralblow 

Russelia juncea 
Honesty .... Lunaria; L. annua 

Perennial H L. rediviva 

Honey Coronilla, Honey Gum, etc. 

See Coronilla, Gum, etc. 
Honeybell Rhododendron 

Rhododendron campylocarpum 

HoNEYLOcusT Glcditsia 

Chinese H G. sinensis 

CocKSPUR H G. ferox 

Small CAPiTALS=approved common names. 



f HoNEYLOcusT, Continued 

Common H. . Gleditsia triacanthos 

Japanese H G. japonica 

Thornless H. 

G. triacanthos inermis 
Waterlocust . . . . G. aquatica 

Honeysuckle Lonicera 

Albert H. . . L. spinosa alberti 

Altmann H L. altmanni 

American Fly H. . L. canadensis 

Amur H L. maacki 

Arnold H. {Lonicera amoena nr- 

noldiana^ Cy) 
Autumn Woodbine (L. pericly- 

menum serotina\ Cy) 
Bearberry H. . . . L. involucrata 

Belle H. (L. hella] Cy) 
Blueleaf H. . . . L. korolkowi 

Blush H. . . . . . L. tangutica 

Bride H. {Lonicera tatarica grandi- 

florat Cy) 
Broad Blueleaf H. (L. korol- 
kowi floribunda^ Cy) 
Browns H. (L. hrowni\ Cy) 
Buckthorn H. . . L. orientalis 
Bunchberry H.(L. minutiflora-f Cy) 
Bush-honeysuckle . . Diervilla 
Cape-honeysuckle 

Tecomaria capensis 
Coralline H. Lonicera chrysantha 
Cream H. (L. etrusca swperha] Cy) 
Creeping H. . . . L. prostrata 
Delavay H. . . L. similis delavayi 
Dutch Woodbine (L. pericly- 

menum helgica] Cy) 
Esau H, (L. etrusca puhescens] Cy) 

Etruscan H L. etrusca 

European Fly H. . L. xylosteum 
EvERB looming H, (L. heckrotti'\ Cy) 

GiRALD H L. giraldi 

Golden Woodbine (L. pericly- 

menum aurea\ Cy) 
Gotha H. (L. amoena\ Cy) 

Grape H L. prolifera 

Great Tatarian H. (L. tatarica 

latifolia\ Cy) 

Hairy H L. hirsuta 

Hall Japanese H. (L. japonica 

halliana] Cy) 



Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (f) see page 1. 



204 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Honeysuckle, continued 

Hardyleaf Japanese H. (Lonicera 

japonica flexuosa] Cy) 

Henry H Lonicera henryi 

Himalaya-honeysuckle 

Leycesteria formosa 
Iberian H. . . Lonicera iberica 

Italian H L. americana 

Japanese H. . . . L. japonica 
Late H. . . L. maacki podocarpa 

Lilac H L. syringantha 

Limber H L. dioica 

Maiden H. Hort. var. of L. ta- 

tarica. 
Manchurian H. . L. ruprechtiana 
Mistletoe H. L. quinquelocularis 

Morrow H L. morrowi 

Moscow H. (L. muscaviensis^ Cy) 
MuENDENH.fL.WMendenienszsfCy) 
Orange H. (L. hrowni punicea^ Cy) 

Privet H L. pileata 

Purple Japanese H. (L. japonica 

chinensis^ Cy) 
Purple Sweet H. (L. caprifolium 

pauciflora^ Cy) 
Pyrenees H. . . . L. pyrenaica 
Red T atari an H. (L. tatarica si- 

hirica\ Cy) 
Rosy T atari an H. Hort. var. of 

L. tatarica. 
RuTARiAN H. (L. notha\ Cy) 
Scarlet Fuchsia H. (L. browni 

fuchsioides] Cy) 
Segrez H. (L. 8egreziensis\ Cy) 
Slender H. . . . L. trichosantha 

Spangle H L. gracilipes 

Standish H L. standishi 

Swamp Fly H. . . L. oblongifolia 

' Sweet H L. caprifolium 

Sweetberry H. . . L. caerulea 

Tatarian H L. tatarica 

Thorn H L. spinosa 

Tibetan H L. thibetica 

Trumpet H. . . L. sempervirens 
Turkestan H. 

L. caerulea gracilifiora 

Utah H L. utahensis 

Vienna H. (L. xylosteoides^ Cy) 
White Belle H. Hort. var. of 

L. bella. 
White Sweet H. (L. caprifolium 

alha\ Cy) 



Honeysuckle, continued 

White Tatarian H. {Lonicera 

tatarica alba] Cy) 
Winter H. . . . L. fragrantissima 
Wolf H. . . L. syringantha wolfi 
Woodbine . . L. periclymenum 

Yellow H L. flava 

Yellow Tatarian H. (L. tatarica 

lutea] Cy) 
Yellow Trumpet H. (L. semper- 
virens sulphur ea\ Cy) 
Yellownet Japanese H. (L. ja- 
ponica aureoreticulata] Cy) 

Honeybush Melianthus 

BiGLEAF H M. major 

Honeywort Cerinthe 

Greek H C. retorta 

Hongkong Kumquat 

Fortunella hindsi 
Hooded Pitcherplant 

Sarracenia minor 

Hooker Bamboo, Hooker Cuphea, 

etc. See Bamboo, Cuphea, etc. 

Hop Humulus 

Common H H. lupulus 

Golden H. {Humulus lupulus au- 
reus] Cy) 
Japanese H. . . . H. japonicus 
New Mexican H. 

H. lupulus neomexicanus 
Hop Creeper Ampelopsis humulif olia 

Hopbush Dodonaea 

HoPHORNBEAM Ostrya 

American H. . . . O. virginiana 

HoPTREE Ptelea 

Common H. .... P. trifoliata 
Golden H. (P. trifoliata aurea] Cy) 
HORDEUM 

jubatum . Squirreltail Grass 

vulgare Barley 

Hornbeam Carpinus 

American H. . . C. caroliniana 

European H C. betulus 

HoPHORNBEAM .... Ostrya 
Purple H. {Carpinus hetulus pur- 
purea] Cy) 
Pyramid H. (C hetulus pyrami- 

dalis] Cy) 
Weeping H. Hort. var. of C. 
betulus. 
Horned Floripondio 

Datura cornigera 



HORNPOPPY— HOWEA 



205 



HoRNPOPPY Glaucium 

Yellow H G. flavum 

HoRSEBALM Collinsonia 

CiTRONELLA H. . . C. Canadensis 

HORSECHESTNUT 

Aesculus ; A. hippocastanum 

See also Buckeye. 
Baumann H. {A. hippocastanum 

haumanni] Cy) 
CuTLEAF H. {A. hippocastanum 

laciniata^ Cy) 
Damask H. {A. carnea plantier- 

ensis'\ Cy) 
Japanese H. ... A. turbinata 
Pyramid H. (A. hippocastanum 

pyramidalis] Cy) 
Red H. {A. carnea] Cy) 
Ruby H. {A. carnea hrioti] Cy) 
Sawtooth H. {A. hippocastanum 

incisa] Cy) 
Umbrella H. {A. h. umhracu- 

lifera] Cy) 
Yellowspot H. (A. hippocastanum ' 

variegata] Cy) 
HoRSEGENTiAN .... TriosteuHi 
Common H. . . . T. perfoliatum 
Horseradish . . Radicula armoracia 

HORSERADISH-TPEE 

Moringa; M. oleifera 
Horseshoe Geranium 

Pelargonium zonale 

Horsetail Equisetum 

Horsetail Milkweed 

Asclepias verticillata 
Horsetail-tree 

Casuarina equisetifolia 
Hortulan Plum . Prigius hortulana 

HOSTA (Funkia; Niohe Ag) 

Plantainlily 
caenilea {Niohe caerulea Ag; Fun- 
kia caerulea; F. lanceolata; F. 
ovata) . . . Blue Plantainlily 
fortunei {N. fortunei Ag; F. for- 
tunei) . Fortune Plantainlily 

See also hort. var. list following. 

lancifolia (N.japonica Ag; F. land- 
folia) Lanceleaf Plantainlily 

See also hort. var. list following. 

plantaginea (A^. plantaginea Ag; 
F. alba; F. subcordata) 

White Plantainlily 



HOSTA, continued 

plantaginea grandiflora (Niohe plan- 
taginea grandi flora Ag; Funkia 
grandiflora) . Big Plantainlily 

sieboldiana (A^. sieboldiana Ag; 
F. sieboldiana) 

Cushion Plantainlily 
Hort. var. of Hosta: 

Great Plantainlily (H. for- 
tunei gigantea\ Cy; Funkia gi- 
gantea) 

Wavyleaf p. (H. lancifolia un- 
dulata] Cy; F. gigantea) 

HOULLETIA 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

HouNDSTONGUE . . . Cynoglossum 

Common H C. officinale 

Great H C. nervosum 

House Hollyfern 

Cyrtomium falcatum 

House-amaryllis 

Hippeastrum equestre 

Houseleek Sempervivum 

False H. . Sedum sempervivoides 
Fringed H. 

Sempervivum fimbriatum 

Fuzzy H S. glaucum 

Globe H S. globiferum 

Hen-and-chickens S. soboliferum 

Italian H S. hirtum 

Mountain H. {S. tectorum pyre- 

naicum] Cy) 
Pyrenees H. . . S. p3rrenaicum 

Roof H S. tectorum 

Sand H S. arenarium 

Spiderweb H. . S. arachnoideum 
Vienna H. . . . S. mettenianum 
Violet H. (Sempervivum tectorum 
violaceum\ Cy) 

HOUSTONIA HousTONiA 

caerulea Bluets 

longifolia Longleaf B. 

purpurea . Mountain Houstonia 
serpyllifolia . . Creeping Bluets 

HOVENIA Raisintree 

dulcis Raisintree 

HovEY Arborvitae (Thuja occiden- 
talis hoveyi] Cy) 

HOWEA 

belmoreana (Kentia helmoreana) 

Belmore Palm 



206 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



HOWEA, continued 

forsteriana (Kentia forsteriana) 

FoRSTER Palm 
Howell Mariposa 

Calochortus howelli 

HOYA Waxplant 

camosa Common W. 

Huckleberry .... Gaylussacia 

The name Huckleberry is often mis- 
applied to the Blueberries and the 
Whortleberries, which belong to the 
genus Vaccinium. 

Black H G. baccata 

Box H G. brachycera 

Buckberry G. ursina 

Dangleberry . . . G. frondosa 

Garden H Solanberry: 

Solanum nigrum guineense 
He-huckleberry. Lyonialigustrina 
Hudson Fir 

Abies balsamea hudsonia 
Humboldt Everlasting, Humboldt 
Lily, etc. See Everlasting, 
Lily, etc. 

HUMEA Humea 

elegans Fountain H. 

Hummingbird-trumpet 

Zauschneria californica 

HUMULUS Hop 

japonicus .... Japanese H. 

lupulus Common H. 

— neomexicanus New Mexican H. 
Hort. var. of Humulus: 

Golden Hop ( Humulus lupulus au- 
rewst Cy) 
Hungarian Hepatica, Hungarian 
Lilac, etc. See Hepatica, Lilac, 
etc. 
HUNNEMANNIA . . . Goldencup 
fumariaefolia .... Goldencup 
Huntingdon Elm ( Ulvius hollandica 
vegetal Cy) 

HUPEH COTONEASTER, HUPEH Vl- 

BURNUM, etc. See Cotoneaster, 
Viburnum, etc. 
HURA 

crepitans Sandboxtree 

Huron Tansy . Tanacetum huronense 
Husk Tomato 

Groundcherry: Physalis 

BOLD-face^approved scientific names. 



HUTCHINSIA 

alpina Alpencress 

HuTTON Cockscomb . Celosia huttoni 
Hyacinth Hyacinthus 

Common H. ... H. orientalis 

Grape-hyacinth . . . Muscari 

Summer-hyacinth 

Galtonia candicans 

Water-hyacinth . . Eichhornia 
Hyacinth Lilac, Hyacinth Squill, 

etc. See Lilac, Squill, etc. 
Hyacinth-bean . . Dolichos lablab 
HYACINTHUS .... Hyacinth 

candicans . . Galtonia candicans 

orientalis . . Common Hyacinth 

HYALIS Ag IXIA 

Hybrid Bottlebrush, Hybrid Buck- 
eye, etc. See Bottlebrush, 
Buckeye, etc. 
HYDRANGEA . . . Hydrangea 

arborescens Smooth H 

See also hort. var. list on page 207. 

— sterilis 

This name is sometimes misapplied to 
the Snowhill Hydrangea, hort. var. of 
H. arborescens. The true H. sterilis is 
not in the trade. 

bretschneideri 

Shaggy Hydrangea 

cinerea Ashy H. 

grandiflora 

Sometimes used erroneously for the 
Peegee Hydrangea, hort. var. of H. 
paniculata, and for the Snowhill Hydran- 
gea, hort. var. of H. arborescens. 

hortensia H. opuloides 

hortensis H. opuloides 

7nonstrosa . . Giant Hydrangea 

Hort. var. gf H. opuloides. 

nivea H. radiata 

opuloides (hortensis; hortensia; H. 
opuloides hortensia Cy) 

House Hydrangea 

See also hort. var. list on page 207. 

otaksa Otaksa H. 

Hort. var. of H. opuloides. 

paniculata Panicle H. 

See also hort. var. list on page 207. 

petiolaris (scandens) . Climbing H. 
quercifolia .... Oakleaf H. 
radiata (nivea) . . Silverleaf H. 
ramis-pictis . . . Purplestem H. 

Hort. var. of H. opuloides. 



I T Alic=synonyms or unapproved names. 



HYDRANGEA— HYDRANGEA- VINE 



207 



HYDRANGEA, continued 

rosea Rose Hydrangea 

Hort. var. of H. opuloides. 

scandens . . Hydrangea petiolaris 
xanthoneura 

Yellowvein Hydrangea 
— setchuenensis 

— wilsoni Wilson H. 

Hort. var. of Hydrangea, chiefly of 

H. opuloides; 
Agnes Barillet 
Avalanche 
Baby Bimbenet 

Botaniste Poltereau. Poltereau. 
Bouquet Rose 
Early Panicle (H. paniculata 

praecox'f Cy) 

ECLAIREUR 

E. G. Hill 

Emile Mouill^re 

Etincelant 

Fraicheur 

General de Vibraye 

Giant (monstrosa; H. opuloides 

otaksa monstrosa Cy) 
Gracieux 

G. Renault. Monsieur G. Renault. 
Henri David. Senateur Henri David. 
Innocence 
La Lorraine 
Late Panicle {H. paniculata 

tardiva\ Cy) 
Lieutenant Chaure. Souvenir de 

Lieutenant Chaure. 
LiLiE Mouillere 
l'islette 
Louis Foucard 
Mlle. Agnes Barillet 
Mlle. de Tremault 
Mlle. Renee Gaillard 
Mme. Auguste Nonin 
Mme. E. Chautard. Souvenir de 

Mme. E. Chautard. 
Mme. E. MouillI^re 
Mme. Foucard 
Mme. Legou 
Mme. Maurice Hamar 
Mme. Raymond 
Mme. Rene Jacquet 
Mme. Truffaut 



HYDRANGEA (Hort. var.), continued 
Mme. Victor Raoult. Souvenir de 

Mme. Victor Raoult. 
Monsieur G. Renault. G. Renault. 
Montrose 
Mousseline 
Opale 
Ornament 

Otaksa {H. opuloides otaksa] Cy) 
Peegee ( Hydrangea paniculata 
grandiflora'\ Cy) 

The name Peegee, as a colloquial 
abbreviation of P(aniculata) G(randi- 
flora) is firmly established in the trade 
as the only common name of this plant. 

Poltereau. Botaniste Poltereau. 

Professor D. Bois 

PuRPLESTEM (H. opuloides cyano- 

clada] Cy) 
Radiant 
Rose {rosea; H. opuloides otaksa 

rosea Cy) 
Senateur Henri David. Henri David. 
Snowhill {H. arborescens grandi- 

flora] Cy) 
Souvenir de Lieutenant Chaure. 

Lieutenant Chaure. 
Souvenir de Mme. E. Chautard. 

Mme. E. Chautard. 
Souvenir de Mme. Victor Raoult. 

Mme. Victor Raoult. 
Thomas Hogg 
Trophee 
ViEux Chateau 
Viscomtesse de Vibraye 
Hydrangea Hydrangea 

See also hort. var. list above. 

Ashy H H. cinerea 

Climbing H. . . . H. petiolaris 

House H H. opuloides 

Oakleaf H H. quercifolia 

Panicle H H. paniculata 

Shaggy H. . . H. bretschneideri 
Silverleaf H. . . . H. radiata 
Smooth H. . . . H. arborescens 
Wilson H. H. xanthoneura wilsoni 
Yellowvein H. , H. xanthoneura 
Hydrangea-vine 
Chinese H. 

Schizophragma integrifolium 
Japanese H. . S. hydrangeoides 

Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (t) see page 1. 



Small CAPiTALS=approved common names. 



208 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



HYDRASTIS .... Goujenseal 

canadensis .... Goldenseal 
HYDRIASTELE 

wendlandiana ( Kentia wendland- 

iana) . . .• Wendland Palm 

HYDRO CHARIS .... Frogbit 

morsus-ranae Frogbit 

HYDRO CLEIS . . . Waterpoppy 

nymphoides {Limnocharis hum- 
holdti) Waterpoppy 

HYLOCEREUS 

Nightblooming Cereus 
calcaratus {Cereiis calcaratus) 
costaricensis (C. costaricensis) 
lemairei (C. lemairei) 
ocamponis (C ocamponis) 
stenopterus (C. stenopterus) 
triangularis (C. triangularis) 
undatus 
HYMENAEA 

courbaril Courbaril 

HYMENOCALLIS . . . Spiderlily 
calathina (Ismene calathina; Pan- 
cratium calathinum) Lilybasket 
caribea . Caribbean Spiderlily 
occidentalis .... Western S 

HYMENOSPORUM 
flavum 

HYOPHORBE 

amaricaulis .... Bottle Palm 
verschaffelti {Areca verschaffelti) 

Spindle P. 

HYOSCYAMUS .... Henbane 
niger Henbane 

HYPERANTHERA . MORINGA 

HYPERICUM . . . St.Johnswort 
adpressum .... Creeping S 
arnoldianum'\ Cy . . Arnold S. 

See hort. var. list following. 

aurenm Golden S. 

bucklei Mountain S 

calycinum 
cistifolivim 
densiflorum 

elegans Siberian S. 

galioides Bedstraw S. 

glomeratum . . . Cluster S. 
hircinum . . . Goat Hypericum 
kalmianum Kalm H. 



HYPERICUM, continued 

lobocarpum Gattinger Hypericum 
moserianum . . . Goldflower 

See also hort. var. list below. 

nudiflorum 

patulum . Japanese Hypericum 

— henryi Henry H. 

prolificum Shrubby St.Johnswort 
Hort. var. of Hypericum : 

Arnold St.Johnswort {H. ar- 

noldianum\ Cy; galioides Xloho- 

carpum) 
Variegated Goldflower ( H. mo- 

serianum tricolor] Cy) 

HYPOCHAERIS . . . Cats-ear 
uniflora Cats-ear 

HYPOXIS .... GOLDEYE-GRASS 

hirsuta (erecta) . Goldeye-grass 
Hyssop .... Hyssopus officinalis 
Hyssop Cuphea Cuphea hyssopifolia 

HYSSOPUS Hyssop 

officinalis Hyssop 

Iba Pom Star- 
gooseberry: Phyllanthus acidus 

Iberian Cranesbill, Iberian Honey- 
suckle, etc. See Cranesbill, 
Honeysuckle, etc. 

IBERIS Candytuft 

ajfinis I. pectinata 

amara Common White Candytuft 

See also hort. var. list below. 

corifolia . . I. saxatilis corifolia 
coronaria . . Rocket Candytuft 

Hort. var. of I. amara. 

gibraltarica .... Gibraltar C. 

jucunda . Aethionema coridifoliimi 

odorata . . . Sweet Candytuft 

pectinata (affinis) . Combleaf C. 

saxatilis Rock C. 

— corifolia 

sempervirens . . Evergreen C. 

tenoreana Tenore C. 

imibellata Purple C. 

Hort. var. of Iberis : 

Rocket Candytuft {coronaria, 
I. ainara coronaria] Cy) 
IBIDIUM Ag . . . SPIRANTHES 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

Ibota Privet . . . Ligustrum ibota 



ICACOREA— INDIGO 



209 



ICACOREA Ag ARDISIA 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

Ice Pink .... Dianthus glacialis 
Iceland Poppy. . Papaver nudicaule 

ICEPLANT 

Mesembryanthemum crystallinum 
Idaho Trillium . Trillium petiolatum 
Ilama .... Annona diversifolia 

ILEX Holly 

aquifolium .... English H. 

See also hort. var. list below. 

cassine (dahoon) .... Dahoon 

corallina Coral Holly 

comuta Chinese H. 

crenata (fortunei) . Japanese H. 
— microphylla . Littleleaf J. H. 

dahoon I. cassine 

decidua Possumhaw 

fortunei I. crenata 

glabra Inkberry 

laevigata . . Smooth Winterberry 

See also hort. var. list below. 

monticola (/. montana Ag-Ar) 

Mountain W. 

opaca American Holly 

pedunculosa . . . Longstalk H. 
pyramidalis Pyramid H. 

Hort. var. of I. aquifolium. 

serrata Finetooth H. 

verticillata . Common Winterberry 

vomitoria Yaupon 

Hort. var. of Ilex: 

Golden Queen Holly (/. aquifo- 
lium aureoregina\ Cy) 

Hedgehog H. (/. a. ferox] Cy) 

Hodginson H. (/. aquifolium hod- 
ginsoni] Cy) 

Laurel H, (/. a. laurifolia] Cy) 

Littleleaf H. (/. aquifolium mi- 
crophylla^ Cy) 

Pyramid H. (7. a. pyramidalis] 
Cy; pyramidalis) 

Sawtooth H. (/. aquifolium ser- 
ratifolia] Cy) 

ToPEL H. (vomitoria X opaca) 

Variegated English H. (aqui- 
folium variegata) 

Weeping H. (7. aquifolium pen- 
dula] Cy) 

Yellow Winterberry (7. laevi- 
gata herveyi] Cy) 



ILLICIUM Anisetree 

anisatum Japanese A. 

Illinois Ninebark 

Physocarpus intermedins 

Immortelle 
Common I. Xeranthemum annuum 

IMPATIENS Snapweed 

balsamina . . Garden Balsam 
biflora (fulva) . Spotted Snapweed 
holsti 

pallida Pale S. 

platypetala Java S. 

roylei (glanduligera) 

sultani , Sultan S. 

Imperial Speedwell 

Veroni a imperialis 
INCARVILLEA 
delavayi 
grandiflora 
variabilis 
Incense-cedar .... Libocedrus 
California I. . . . L. decurrens 

Chilean I L. chilensis 

India Aster, India Papertree, etc. 

See Aster, Papertree, etc. 
India-almond . Terminalia catappa 
India-elm . . Holoptelea integrifolia 
India-hawthorn . Raphiolepis indica 
India-mulberry 

Morinda; M. citrifolia 
Indian Azalea, Indian Paintbrush, 
etc. See Azalea, Paintbrush, 
etc. 
Indian-physic . . Gillenia stipulata 
Indianpipe. Monotropa; M. uniflora 
Indian-tobacco . . . Lobelia inflata 

Indian-turnip Jack-in- 

the-pulpit: Arisaema triphyllum 
Indica Azalea . . . Azalea indica 

Indigo Indigofera 

Chinese I I. decora 

Dwarf-indigo 

Amorpha microphylla 

False-indigo Amorpha 

Himalayan I.Indigoferagerardiana 

KiRiLOw I I. kirilowi 

Mountain-indigo . Amorpha glabra 
Pink I. . . Indigofera amblyantha 

Potanin I L potanini 

Tennessee-indigo 

Amorpha tennesseensis 



210 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Indigo, continued 

True I. . , . Indigofera tinctoria 

Wild-indigo Baptisia 

Indigobush . . Amorpha fruticosa 

INDIGOFERA Indigo 

amblyantha Pink I. 

decora . Chinese I. 

gerardiana (floribunda) 

Himalayan I. 

kirilowi Kirilow I. 

potanini Potanin I. 

tinctoria True I 

INGA 
laurina Guama 

Ingram Begonia (B. ingrami'\ Cy) 

Inkberry Ilex glabra 

Inkberry Hawthorn 

Crataegus multiflora 
Inland Jersey-tea 

Ceanothus ovatus 

[NODES Ag SABAL 

INULA Inula 

britannica British I. 

ensifolia Swordleaf I. 

glandulosa . . . Caucasian I. 
grandiflora . . . Sunflower I. 

helenium Elecampane 

macrocephala .... I. royleana 
montana . . . Mountain Inula 
oculus-christi . . , Christeye I. 
royleana {77iacrocephala) 

Blackbud I. 
salicina Willowleaf I. 

lOCHROMA .... ViOLETBUSH 

fuchsioides Orange V. 

lanceolatum Purple V 

lONOPSIDIUM . DiAMONDFLOWER 

acaule Diamondflower 

lONOXALIS OXALIS 

IPOMOEA .... Morning-glory 

batatas Sweetpotato 

bona-nox . Calonyction aculeatum 

The name I. bona-nox is often mis- 
applied to I. tuba. 

coccinea . . . Quamoclit coccinea 
digitata (paniculata) 

Fingerleaf Morning-glory 



IPOMOEA, continued 

hederacea (nil) 

IvYLEAF Morning-glory 

See also hort. var. list below. 

hirsutula (mexicana) Mexican M. 
leari .... Blue Dawnflower 
limbata 

White-edge Morning-glory 

Hort. var. of I. hederacea. 

mexicana I. hirsutula 

nil I. hederacea 

noctiflora. . Calonyction aculeatum 

pandurata 

paniculata . . . Ipomoea digitata 

purpurea (Convolvulus major; C. 

purpurea) 

Common Morning-glory 
quamoclit . . . Quamoclit pinnata 
rubro-caerulea . . Ipomoea tricolor 
setosa . Brazilian Morning-glory 
sidaefolia 
tricolor (rubrocaerulea) Tricolor M. 

tuba Trumpet M. 

Bert. var. of Ipomoea: 
Big Blue Morning-glory (7. 

hederacea grandiflora'f Cy) 
White-edge M. (/. h. limbata^ Cy) 

IPOMOPSIS GILIA 

IRESINE Bloodleaf 

herbsti (Achyranthes verschaffelti; 

A. herbsti) 
lindeni (A. acuminata) 

Linden Bloodleaf 
Hort. var. of Ire sine : 
Emerson Bloodleaf (emersoni; 
lindeni emersoni) 

IRIS Iris 

alata (scorpioides) . . Scorpion I. 
albicans Yemen I. 

The name I. florentina is often mis- 
applied to this species. 

aphylla (biflora; nudicaulis) 

Stool Iris 

arenaria I. flavissima 

atrofusca (haynei) . . Black Iris 
atropurpurea (eggeri) 

Blackpurple I. 

The name I. atropurpurea is sometimes 
misapplied to color forms of I. pumila 
and I. germanica. 



BOLD-face==approved scientific names. /rAZic=synonyms or unapproved names. 



IRIS 



211 



IRIS, continued 

bakeriana Baker Iris 

bamumae Barnum I 

— ^mariae (helenae; I. mariae Cy) 
Mary I. 

biflora I. aphylla 

biliotti Phrygian Iris 

bismarckiana (saari nazarensis) 

Palestine I. 
bloudowi .... Turkestan I. 
boissieri (heterophylla) 

Yellowbeard I. 
hornmulleri .... I. danfordiae 
hosniaca .... I. reichenbachi 

bracteata Bracted Iris 

bucharica Bokhara I. 

buUeyana .... Hollo wstem I. 
caerulea (coerulea) . White-edge I. 
californica ... I. macrosiphon 
cengialti .... Tyrolean Iris 
chamaeiris (olbiensis) . Crimean I. 

chinensis I. japonica 

chrysographes . . Goldvein Iris 

clarkei Clarke I. 

coerulea I. caerulea 

cretensis .... I. unguicularis 

cristata Crested Iris 

— lacustris (/. lacustris Cy) Lake I. 

cuprea I. fulva 

cypriana Cyprian Iris 

In the trade this species is often con- 
fused with I. mesopotamica and I. 
trojana. 

danfordiae {hornmulleri) 

Danford Iris 

delavayi Delay ay I. 

demawendica I. iberica 

dichotoma .... Vesper Iris 

douglasiana Douglas I. 

— watsoniana .... Watson I. 

eggeri I. atropurpurea 

ensata Russian Iris 

fimbriata I. tectorum 

flavissima (arenaria) 

GOLDBEARD IrIS 

fiorentina 

The name I. fiorentina has been applied 
to various forms of Iris. According to 
strict botanical usage it is not a proper 
designation of any species of this genus. 
I. fiorentina of Bailey's Cyclopedia is 
a hort. var. of I. germanica. 

Small CAPiTALS=approved common names. 



IRIS, continued 

foetidissima .... Gladwin Iris 
foliosa Qiexagona lamancei) 

Lamance I. 

forresti Yunnan I. 

fulva (cuprea) .... Copper I. 

gates! Monarch I. 

germanica {fiorentina purpurea; 

parisiensis; spectabilis; violacea; 

vulgaris) .... German Iris 

To the true I. germanica have also been 
applied the following common names, 
which are to be treated as synonyms: 
Blue Bird, Florentine Blue, Purple 
Queen. 

gracilipes .... Slender Iris 

graminea Grass I. 

grantdufii Jaffa I. 

hartwegi Foothill I. 

haynei I. atrofusca 

helenae ... I. bamumae mariae 

heterophylla I. boissieri 

hexagona Dixie Iris 

— lamancei I. foliosa 

hispanica I. xiphium 

histrio Syrian Iris 

histrioides Harput I. 

hoogiana Redbeard I. 

iberica (demawendica) . Iberian I. 
japonica (chinensis) . . Fringed I. 

juncea Rush I. 

junonia Junonia I. 

kaempferi (/. laevigata Cy) 

Japanese I. 

I. kaempferi, sometimes listed as the 
same as I. laevigata, is distinct from 
that species. 

kashmiriana . . . Kashmir Iris 

korolkowi Red vein I. 

lacustris Cy . I. cristata lacustris 
laevigata .... Rabbit-ear Iris 

The true I. laevigata of botanists is rare 
in cultivation.. Most of the plants 
passing under this name are I. kaemp- 
feri. 

leichtlini I. stolonifera 

longipetala Coast Iris 

lorteti Lebanon I. 

lupina I. saari 

macrosiphon (californica) Tube Iris 

manissadjana I. saari 

mariae Cy . .1. bamumae mariae 

Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (f) see page 1. 



212 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



IRIS, continued 

mesopotamica . . . Mardin Iris 

In the trade this is often confused with 
I. cypriana and with the hort. var 
Ricardi. 

milesi .... Himalayan Iris 
missouriensis (tolmieana) 

Rocky Mountain I. 

nudicaulis I. aphylla 

ochroleuca . . Yellowband Iris 

olbiensis I. chamaeiris 

orchioides Bulb Iris 

orientalis (/. sanguinea Cy-Ag; 
sihirica sanguinea) 
There is much confusion regarding the 
name I. orientalis. By some botanists 
it is regarded as the proper name for 
I. ochroleuca, but this catalogue follows 
Dykes in maintaining the name I. 
orientalis in its ordinary horticultural 
sense. 

pallida Sweet Iris 

paradoxa Velvet I. 

parisiensis .... I. germanica 

persica Persian Iris 

— issica (mardinensis) . Issian I. 
— purpurea . Purple Persian I. 

— sieheana Plum I. 

— stenophylla .... Leopard I. 

— tauri Taurian I. 

prismatica .... Cubeseed I. 
pseudacorus . . . Yellowflag I. 
pumila 

In the American trade the name I. 
pumila is often misapplied to I. cham- 
aeiris. 

purdyi Purdy Iris 

reichenbachi (bosniaca). Balkan I. 

reticulata Netted I. 

— krelagei .... Krelage I. 
rosenbachiana .... Spinster I. 
saari (lupina; manissadjana; sari) 

Sar Iris 
— nazarensis ... I. bismarckiana 
sanguinea Cy-Ag ... I. orientalis 

scorpioides I. alata 

setosa Arctic Iris 

sibirica Siberian I 

sindjarensis Aleppo I 

sisyrinchium .... Moraea I 

sofarana Sofar I. 

— magnifica KartabaI. 

spectabilis I. xiphium 

The name I. spectabilis has also been 
misapplied to I. germanica. 



IRIS, continued 

spuria Seashore Iris 

stolonifera (leichtlini; vaga) 

Runner I 

stylosa I. unguicularis 

susiana Mourning Iris 

tectorum {fimbriata; tomiolopha) 

Roof I 

tenax Oregon I. 

tingitana Morocco I. 

tolmieana .... I. missouriensis 

tomiolopha I. tectorum 

trojana Trojan Iris 

In the trade often confused with I 
cypriana. 

unguicularis {cretensis; stylosa) 

Algerian Iris 

vaga I. stolonifera 

variegata . . . Hungarian Iris 

vartani Christmas I. 

vema Vernal I. 

versicolor (virginica) . Blueflag I. 

violacea I. germanica 

virginica I. versicolor 

vulgaris I. germanica 

willmottiana . . Willmott Iris 

wilsoni Wilson I. 

xiphioides English I. 

xiphium (hispanica; spectabilis) 

Spanish I. 
Hort. var. of Iris: 

Because of the large number of horti- 
cultural varieties of Iris the hort. var. 
list and the common-name list have been 
combined in the special list following. 

Iris Iris 

State.ment of the American 
Joint Committee 

The Iris List, edited by John C. Wister, 
was distributed in 1922 by the Ameri- 
can Iris Society as Bulletin No. 4, in 
advance of the pubhcation of Standard- 
ized Plant Names. 

In that Bulletin the Iris names were 
separated into the groups or sections, 
with no less than twelve separate 
alphabetical lists. To the specialist or 
Iris devotee, this arrangement has 
obvious advantages. But it is a de- 
parture from the simple general rule 
established by the Joint Committee for 
Standardized Plant Names, namely, that 
each name hst should be arranged in 
one alphabetical series. f>>Any other 
arrangement for even a single hst would 
at times] leave the user of this ibook 



IRIS 



213 



Iris, continued 

in uncertainty where to look for names, 
were they separated into special sections, 
whether for botanical, horticultural, or 
commercial reasons. 

Therefore, with the consent of the 
American Iris Society, the American 
Joint Committee has rearranged the 
Iris List to conform to the alphabetical 
standard, and has revised the abbrevia- 
tions. These follow each name (where the 
classification is known), so that each 
variety is readily referable to the special 
group or section to which it belongs. 

One of the most serious difficulties the 
American Joint Committee has had to 
encounter is the duplication of names 
caused by the re-use of established 
names for new introductions, or, in 
some cases, the renaming of old varieties; 
in fact, these mischievous practices have 
caused a large part of the chaos in com- 
mon names of plants which now exists 
in American horticulture. The dupli- 
cations doubtless occur more as a result 
of ignorance than deUberate intent to 
deceive. The results, however, are 
pernicious, for the confusion increases 
yearly. The genus Iris is a conspicuous 
example of this bad practice. Therefore, . 
to conform to the established and salu- 
tary rule of the American Joint Com- 
mittee, it has been necessary either to 
omit such duphcated names or to print 
them in italics as unaccepted names. 
The American Iris Society has agreed to 
this procedure. 

The Subcommittee of the American 
Joint Committee who edited this Iris 
manuscript wishes to go on record as of 
the belief that the use of many names 
in this Iris hst, particularly Latin 
binomials and trinomials, which the 
American Iris Society insisted should 
be adopted as common names, could 
often have been replaced advantage- 
ously by more suitable English com- 
mon names. For illustration a single 
example suffices: Pseud acorus Foliis 
Variegatis for which the Subcommittee 
preferred the name Variegated Yel- 
LOWFLAG, Yellowflag Iris being the 
common name of the species Iris pseu- 
dacorus. 

American Joint Committee on 
Horticultural Nomenclature 
Harlan P. Kelsey, Secretary. 

Statement of the American 
Iris Society 
This list includes, as far as possible, all 
species and varieties now in American 
commerce, usually classed under three 
main groups: Group I, Bearded Iris 
(Pogoniris) ; Group II, Beardless Iris 
(Apogon) and Crested Iris (Evansia) ; 
Group III, Bulbous and Miscellaneous 



Iris, continued 

Iris; because these groups are distinct 
both botanically and horticulturally. 
These names are taken from the Check- 
List of the American Iris Society, 
seventh revision, December, 1921, with 
additions and corrections up to Jan- 
uary, 1923, which gives all species and 
varieties that have been introduced 
into American commerce. For use in 
Standardized Plant Names this com- 
plete list has been shortened by omit- 
ting varieties now believed to be obso- 
lete. Except for this omission, Group I 
is believed to be fairly complete. Many 
names have been shortened and a few 
have been changed to conform to the 
American Joint Committee's principles 
of nomenclature. Group II, especially 
as regards Japanese Iris (Iris kaempferi 
varieties), is not as complete as Group I. 
The present chaos in the nomenclature 
of these varieties is due to (1) the care- 
lessness or unscrupulousness of certain 
Japanese nurserymen in sending out 
varieties incorrectly labeled; (2) the 
difficulty of spelhng Japanese names; 
(3) the different translations of Japa- 
nese names in Europe and America; 
and (4) the common practice of re- 
christening Japanese varieties in Europe 
and America. To obviate the difficulties 
outlined in (2) the American Iris Society 
has authorized the registration of the 
names as translated in the present list. 
The names mentioned in (4) cannot be 
accepted because they differ in almost 
every nursery. Group III is far from 
complete. 

The name of the originator and the 
date of introduction are given in 
parentheses where these facts have been 
ascertained. Sources of information are 
believed to be accurate but are not 
guaranteed. 

EXPLANATION OF IRIS 
CLASSIFICATION 
The Irises in this list may be referred 
to three main groups, divided into 
twenty-one sections as follows: 

Group I, 
Bearded Iris (Pogoniris) 
This group, commonly but erroneously 
known as German Iris, comprises the 
well-known garden Irises derived from 
species from southern Europe and Asia 
Minor, some of them known in cultiva- 
tion for more than two hundred years. 
The distinguishing characteristics are 
(1) the conspicuous beard on the 
lower petal, or fall; (2) a root which is 
a rhizome and which will stand long 
exposure to air and drought without 
injury, after the manner of bulbs. The 
plants of this group need well-drained 
soil and sunny exposure. 



214 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Iris, continued 

Classification and Abbreviations 

DB. Dwarf Bearded Section. Species, 
forms and hybrids of Iris pumila, 
chamaeiris, aphylla, and other 
dwarf species. 

IB. Intermediate Bearded Section. 
Hybrids between the Dwarf 
Bearded varieties mentioned 
above and the Tall Bearded va- 
rieties mentioned below, as well 
as some miscellaneous varieties, 
which are usually classed with 
them. 

TB. Tall Bearded Section. Species, 
forms, and hybrids of Iris ger- 
manica, pallida, variegata, tro- 
jana, cypriana, and other tall 
species. 

MB. Miscellaneous Bearded Section. 
Hybrids between the species of 
the sections Oncocyclus, Regelia, 
and Evansia, and species of the 
group Pogoniris. It includes also 
miscellaneous kinds that do not 
readily fall into the other 
sections. 

Group II. Beardless Iris (Apogon) 
AND Crested Iris (Evansia) 

This group is derived from species 
from Europe, Asia, and America, which, 
as a rule, prefer moist soils. The root is 
a rhizome, but fibrous, and, like most 
herbaceous plants, will not stand long 
exposure to air and drought. The 
leaves are more grass-like than those of 
Pogoniris, while the flower, as is indi- 
cated by the name, lacks the beard 
on the fall of the Pogoniris varieties. 

Classification and Abbreviations 



Cal. 

Ev. 

Hex. 

Jap. 

Laev. 

Long. 

Sib. 

Spur. 

Ver. 



California Section 
Evansia Section. 
Hexagona Section. 
Kaempferi Section. 
Laevigata Section. 
Longipetala Section. 
Sibirica Section. 
Spuria Section. 
Versicolor Section. 



Group III. Bulbous and Miscella- 
neous Iris 

Under this heading are grouped, in a 
partial hst, bulbous and other varieties 
commonly grown in Europe, but usually 
not yet obtainable in American nurseries. 

Classification and Abbreviations 

Dut. Xiphium hybridum, Dutch Iris 

Section 
Eng. Xiphioides, English Iris Section 
Jun. Juno Section 
One. Oncocyclus Section 



Iris, continued 

Reg. Regelia Section 

RC. Regeho-Cyclus Section 

Ret. Reticulata Section 

Span. Xiphium, Spanish Iris Section 



Abbreviations of Iris Sections in 
Alphabetical Sequence 

Cal. California 

DB. Dwarf Bearded 

Dut. Xiphium hybridum, Dutch 

Eng. Xiphioides, English 

Ev. Evansia 

Hex. Hexagona 

IB. Intermediate Bearded 

Jap. Kaempferi 

Jun. Juno 

Laev. Laevigata 

Long. Longipetala 

MB. Miscellaneous Bearded 

One. Oncocyclus 

RC. RegeUo-Cyclus 

Reg. Regelia 

Ret. Reticulata 

Sib. Sibirica 

Span. Xiphium, Spanish 

Spur. Spuria 

TB. Tall Bearded 

Ver. Versicolor 

Names have been shortened where 
possible; therefore names usually cata- 
logued as beginning with the word 
albicans, aphylla, balceng, biflora, 
cengialti, chamaeiris, cypriana, flaves- 
cens, germanica, kashmiriana, lutescens, 
olbiensis, paUida, pumila, sambucina, 
squalens, trojana, variegata, Comte, 
Comtesse, Count, Countess, Die, Due, 
Duchesse, Duke, Duchess, General, 
King, L', La, Le, Les, Lady, Lord, 
Mile., Miss, Monsieur, Mr., President, 
Prince, Princess, Queen, Reine, Roi, 
Sir, Souvenir, The, and Viscount, and 
not found with these prefixes, should be 
sought in the alphabetical position of 
the second word in the old name. 

Many names are printed in synonym. 
type with no recommended name. This 
indicates that no authority for the use 
of this name has been found and that it 
is believed to be an old variety renamed, 
and that absolute identification is not 
possible at the present time, but it is 
hoped such identification can be given 
in the next edition of the hst. 

SPECIAL NOTE 
It is realized that this list contains 
errors and omissions, and all persons 
receiving it are requested to check it over 
carefully and to send corrections or 
additions to the editor, so that a more 
authentic list can be pubhshed in the 
future. The names of species in black 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. I T Alic=synonyms or unapproved names. 



IRIS 



215 



Iris, continued 

type, and of varieties in small capitals, 
have been accepted and given registra- 
tion of name by the American Iris 
Society and by the American Joint Com- 
mittee on Horticultural Nomenclature. 
No objection to the registration of any 
of the species or varieties in the list will 
be considered unless made within two 
months of the date of pubhcation. 
Correspondence relating to this Iris 
List should be addressed to John C. 
Wister, Editor, Wister Street and Clark-, 
son Avenue, Germantown, Philadelphia, 
Pa. 

American Iris Society 

John C. Wister, President. 



Abbreviations of Names 
OF Originators 

Aid. Mrs. Ethel Aldrich, Indepen- 
dence, Mo. 

And. D. M. Andrews, Boulder, Colo. 

Barr Peter Barr & Sons, London, 
England. (Beginning about 
1870.) 

Berg E. von Berg, Neuenkirche, 
Mecklenburg-Strehlitz, Ger- 
many. (1782-1855.) 

Bliss A. J. Bliss, Morwellham, Tavis- 
stock, Devon, England. 

B. & A. Bobbink & Atkins, Rutherford, 
N.J. 

Bod. Mrs. Temple Bodley, Louisville, 
Ky. 

Bral. Floyd Brallior, Madison, Tenn. 

Bran. Mrs. J. Branin, San Lorenzo, 
Cahf. 

Bun. George Bunyard, Maidstone, 
England. 

Bur. Sam Burchfield, Ann Arbor, 
Mich. 

Cap. W. J. Caparne, Rohais, Guern- 
sey, England. 

Cay. Cayeux & Leclerc, Paris, France. 

Cham. Champe Nurseries, Walled 
Lake, Mich. 

Chi. John Lewis Childs, Flowerfield, 
L. I., N. Y. 

Clev. Mrs. Frances E. Cleveland, 
Eatontown, N. J. 

Craw. Mrs. William Crawford, La 
Porte, Ind. 

Dan. H. L. Danenhauer, Mays Land- 
ing, N. J. 

De B. De Bure, Paris, France. (1842). 

Dean Mrs. J. Dean, Moneta, Cahf. 

De G. De Graf, Leiden, Holland. 

Den. F. Denis, Balaruc-les-Bains, 
Herault, France. 

Dun. Eugene M. Dunphe, Elmwood, 
Mass. 

Dutch Indicates synonym of various 
Dutch nurserymen. 



Iris, continued 

Dykes W. R. Dykes, R. H. S., Vincent 

Square.Westminster, London, 

Eng. 
Elm Elm City Nurseries, New 

Haven, Conn. 
Farr B. H. Farr, Wyomissing, Pa. 
Fos. Sir Michael Foster, Shelford, 

Cambridge, England. (1836- 

1907.) 
Fry. W. E. Fryer, Mantorville, Minn. 
Gey. Geylenkek, Hillegom, Holland. 
G. & K. Goos & Koenemann, Nieder- 

walluf, Germany. 
Gros. H. W. Groschner, Napoleon, 

Ohio. 
H. & S. Haage & Schmidt, Erfurt, 

Germany. (Beginning about 

1870.) 
Hal. V. H. Hallock, Son & Thorpe, 

Queens, L. I., N. Y. (Before 

1893.) 
Hall C. H. Hall, Wexford, Pa. 
Hitch. Mrs. L. W. Hitchcock, New 

Rochelle, N. Y. 
Hor. Sir Arthur Hort, Hurstbourne 

Tarrant, Hants, England. 
Jack. R. T. Jackson, Peterboro, N. H. 
Jacobs Mrs. M. W. Jacobs, Harrisburg, 

Pa. 
Jacq. Jacques, Royal Neuilly Domain, 

Vellers, near Paris, France. 

(1780-1866.) 
Junge Heinrich Junge, Hameln, Han- 
over, Germany. (Before 1906.) 
Ken. A. Kennicott, near Chicago, 111. 

(1880-1900.) 
Keng. T. A. Kenning, Minneapolis, 

Minn. 
Koeh. Frank Koehler, Camden, N. J. 
Koh. Martin Kohankie, Painesville, 

Ohio. 
Krel. Krelage & Son, Haarlem, Hol- 
land. (Beginning about 1870.) 
Leich. Max Leichtlin, Baden-Baden, 

Germany. 
Lmn. Lemon, Belleville,France. (About 

1836-95.) 
Loat W. L. S. Loat, Gulworthy, 

Tavistock, Devon, England. 
Mar. J. W. Marshall, Guennell, 

Plaistow, Sussex, England. 
McK. Mrs. C. S. McKinney, Madison, 

N. J. 
Mil. Millet & Fils, Bourg-la-Reine, 

Seine, France. 
Mohr Wm. Mohr, Mt. Eden, Cahf. 
Mor. B. Y. Morrison, Takoma Park, 

Washington, D. C. 
Mul. G. Muller, Connern, Germany. 

(About 1910.) 
Neely J. H. Neely, Paulding, Ohio. 
Non. August Nonin, Chatillon-sous- 

Bagneux, Seine, France. 
N. Following introducer means not 

yet introduced into commerce. 



Small CAPiTAL8=approved common names. Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (t) see page 1. 



216 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Iris, continued 

Park. Robert Parker, Tooting, Eng- 
land. 

Parm. Parmentier, Belgium. (About 
1830.) 

Per. Amos Perry, Enfield, Middle- 
sex, England. 

Pet. Wm. A. Peterson, Chicago, 111. 

Riis Paul B. Riis, Rockford, 111. 

Sal. John Salter, Hammersmith, 
England. (1798-1879.) 

Sass H. P. Sass, Omaha, Neb. 

Saun. A. P. Saunders, Chnton, N. Y. 

Scott A. H. Scott, Media, Pa. 

Shull J. M. Shull, Chevy Chase, Md. 

Sieb. Major van Siebold, Holland. 
(About 1860.) 

Sim. H. P. Simpson, Roslyn, Va. 

Smith T. Smith, Newry, Ireland. 

Sturt. Miss Grace Sturtevant, Welles- 
ley Farms, Mass. 

Thom. Frank M. Thomas, West Ches- 
ter, Pa. (—1918.) 

Thun. Carl Peter Thunberg, Sweden. 
(1733-1822.) 

Trax. C. J. Traxler, Minneapohs, 
Minn. 

Tut. G. B. Tuthill, Sioux Falls, S. 
Dak. 

Van T. C. G. Van Tubergen, Jr., Haar- 
lem, Holland. 

Vaug. Vaughan Seed Store, Chicago, 
111. 

Verd. Eugene Verdier, France ( — 
1902.) 

V.Verd. Victor Verdier, France. 

Vilm. Vilmorin, Andrieux, & Cie, 
Paris, France. 

Wal. R. W. Wallace, Tunbridge 
Wells, England. 

Ware T. S. Ware, Tottenham (after- 
wards Feltham), England. 

Weir Harrison Weir, England. (About 
1890.) 

Wet. C. N. Wettengel, Macomb, 111. 

Will. Miss Ellen Willmott, Great 
Warley, England. 

Wing Wing Seed Company, Mechan- 
icsburg, Ohio. 

Wmsn. E. B. Williamson, Bluffton, Ind. 

Yeld George Yeld, York, England. 



Ab-del-Kader; Abel-Kaver. Sam- 

BUCINA. 

Abdul Aziz. TB. (1876.) 

Abeille Mervelleuse. Caprice, 

Abu Hassan. TB. (Sal. before 1859.) 

AcHiLLE. Jap. (Vilm. 1901.) 

ACQUACKANONK. TB. (B. & A. 1917.) 

Acuta. Sib. (1876.) 

Ada. TB. (1887.) 

Adelaide. DB. (Cap. 1901.) 

Admiral Togo. Span. 

Admiral Togo. TB. 



Iris, continued 

Admiration. TB. 

Admiration. Jap. 

Adonis. TB. (Lmn. 1840.) 

Adonis. Eng. 

Adr. Van de Velde. Van de Velde. 

A. E. Kunderd. TB. (Fry. 1917.) 

A. F. Barron. TB. (1876.) 

Affection. Jap. Sofu-no-koi — Love 
of husband. 

Afghan. TB. (Bliss N.) 

Africain. Boccage. 

Afterglow. TB. (Sturt. 1917.) 

Agamemnon. Agnes. 

Agathe. TB. (Lmn. 1840.) 

Agnes. TB. (Dutch 1888.) Agamem- 
non. 

Agnes Sorrel. Lavandulacea. 

Aika. TB. 

Airship. Jap. (Chi.) 

AiXA. TB. (Lmn. 1848.) 

A. J. Balfour. Spur. (1899.) 

Aksarben. TB. (Sass 1923.) 

alata. Jun. Scorpioides. Scorpion I. 

Alba. See germanica, pumila, cha- 
maeiris, spuria, etc. 

Alba Grandiflora. Sib. 

Alba odorata. Florentina. 

Alban Francois. Rollandiana. 

Albatross. TB. 

Albert Cuyp. Dut. (Van T.) 

Albert Victor. TB. (1885.) 

albicans. TB. Princess of Wales; 
Emma. Yemen I. 

The name I. florentina is often mis- 
applied to this species. 

Albion. TB. (Lmn. 1840.) 
Alcazar. TB. (Vilm. 1910.) 
Alcibiades. TB. (Cay. N.) 
Alcyon. TB. (Cay. N.) 
Aleppo I. Jun. I. sindjarensis. 
Aletha. TB. (Farr 1913.) 
Alexander von Humboldt. Jap. 

(Sieb. about 1860.) 
Alex, von Humboldt. Span. 
Alexander von Humboldt. Attrac- 
tion. 
Alfred FmDLER. TB. (1876.) 
Algerian I. I. unguicularis. 
Alice. TB. (Lmn. before 1858.) 
Alice Barr. TB. (Barr 1876.) 
Alice Eastwood. Spur. (Bran. N.) 



IRIS 



217 



Iris, continued 

Alice H. Bayne. TB. (Dun. 1921.) 

Alida. Jap. 

Allegria. MB. (Den. N.) 

Allies. TB. (Vilm. N.) 

Alma. TB. (Bliss N.) 

Almona. Eng. 

Alphonse Gerard. TB. (Den. 1911.) 

Alpin. DB. (Mil. 1916.) 

A. L. Sherwood. Jap. 

Altamont. Jap. (Hal.) 

Alvares. TB. (Lmn. 1855-58.) 

Amabilis. TB. (Lmn. 1840.) Chalce- 
donica; Gen. de Witte; Johan de 
Witte; Johan de Worth; Juliette; 
Laura; Lord Derby; Mrs. Charles 

Amas. TB. (Col. by Fos. 1885.) 

Amasia; Macrantha; William III; 

William Tell. 
A. M. Brand. TB. (Fry. 1919.) 
Ambassadeur. TB. (Vilm. 1920.) 
Ambigu. TB. (Vilm. 1916.) 
Ambrose Wiseman. TB. (Per. 

1921?.) 
Amelie. TB. (Lmn. 1840.) 
American Black Prince. Kochi. 
Amethyst. Jap. (Chi.) 
Amie. TB. (Mil. 1912.) Souv. 

d' Une Amie. 
Amphitrite. Jap. (Vilm. 1904.) 
Amulet. TB. (Bliss N.) 
Amyas Leigh. TB. (Bliss N.) 
Andromache. RC. (Van T.) 
Andrassy. DB. (BaiT 1893.) 

Pumila Count Andrassy. 
Andree Autissier. TB. (Den. 

1921.) 
Anemopsis. MB. (Fos. 1905.) 
Angelo. TB. (Hor. 1920.) 
Angels Den, Jap. Senjo-no-hora. 
Anglica. I. xiphioides. 
Angry Lion. Jap. Shishi-ikare. 
Ann Page. TB. (Hor. 1919.) 
Anna. Eng. 

AnnaFarr. TB. (Farrl913.) 
Anne Bullen. TB. (Hor. 1922.) 
Anne Leslie. TB. (Sturt. 1918.) 
Annie Gray. Her Majesty. 
Annie Jane. TB. (Before 1859.) 
Antares. TB. (Vilm. N.) 
Antelope. Jap. (Named by Hal.) 



Iris, continued 

Antinea. MB. (Den. N.) 
Antinous. TB. (Lmn. 1840.) An- 

tonius. 
Anton Mauve. Dut. (Van T.) 
Antonio. TB. (Hor. 1921.) 
Antonius. Antinous. 
Apache. TB. (Farr N.) 
Aphrodite. TB. (Dykes 1922.) 
Aphrodite. Jap. 
aphylla. DB. Biflora; Nudicaulis. 

Stool I. 
Apollo. Jap. (Hal. about 1885.)- 
Apollon. TB. (Lmn. 1840). Apollo; 

Appoline; Appolyon; Arelequin; 

President. 
Appleblossom. Jap. (Hal. about 

1885.) 
Appoline; Appolyon. Apollon. 
Arabesque. TB. (Sturt. 1918-20 ) 
Arabi Pasha. Bronze King. 
Arac. TB. (Yeld before 1911.) 
Aragon. TB. (Bliss 1921.) 
Aramis. DB. (Mil. 189-.) 
Arapahoe. TB. (Wet. N.) 
Araragar. Jap. 
Arc-en-ciel. Sambucina. 
Arcadia. RC. 
Archbishop. Archeveque. 
Archeveque. TB. (Vilm. 1911.) 

Archbishop. 
Arctic I. I. setosa. 
Ardenta. TB. 
Arenaria. I. flavissima. 
Arethusa. TB. (Sturt. 1920.) 
Argentea. TB. Pallida argentea 

variegata. 
Argentea. Eng. 
Argonaut. TB. (Bliss 1920.) 
Argus. TB. (1877.) 
Ariadne. TB. (Dykes 1921.) 
Ariadne. Eng, 

Ariake. Jap. Morning Moon. 
Ariane. TB. (Lmn. 1855-58.) 
Ariane. Eugene Sue. 
Aristocrat. TB. (Clev, 1920,) 
Arlequin. Apollon, 
Arlequin Malinais, TB. (Lmn, 

1840.) Duchess de Magenta; Gam- 

betta; Harlequin Malinois. 
Arlington. TB, (Sim, N.) 
Armand Clavaud. TB. (Den. 1919.) 



218 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Iris, continued 

Armee d'Orient. DB. (Mil. 1919.) 
Armenian. TB. (Mil. 191-.) 
Arnols. TB. (Barr 1874.) Arnold; 

Arnoldi. 
Arsace. TB. (Mil. 1913.) 
Artaxerxes. TB. (1919.) 
Artemis. RC. 
Artilleur. TB. (Vilm. N.) 
Asagasumi. Morning Mists. 
Asaurez. Assuerus. 
Asia. TB. (Yeld 1920.) 
Asiatica. TB. 

Mixed with Amas, I. cypriana, Fontara- 
bie, Kharput, I. trojana. 

Askabad. TB. 

AsPAsiA. RC. (VanT.) 

AsPASiE. Jap. (Vilm. 1905.) 

Assuerus. TB. (Lmn.) Asaurez, 
Assaurus; Ruby. 

Assyrian. Jun. Sindjarensis assyriaca. 

Assyrian. TB. (Bliss 1919.) 

AsTARTE. TB. (Sal. before 1859.) 

Astarte. Jap. 1884.) 

Astarte. RC. (VanT.) 

AsTOR. TB. (Bliss N. ) 

Astrea violacea. Atroviolacea. 

AsTRELLA. TB. (Mor. N.) 

Athalia. Span. 

Athene. TB. (Sturt. 1920.) 

Atlas. TB. (Mil. 191-.) 

Atrocaeridea. TB. 

atrofusca. One. Haynei. Black I. 

atropurpurea. One. Eggeri. Black- 
purple I. 

Atropurpurea. Sib. (1876.) 

Atropurpurea. Speciosa; Purple 
King. 

Atroviolacea. TB. (Sal. before 
1859.) Astrea violacea. 

Atroviolacea. Pumila Atroviolacea. 

Attica. DB. Pumila attica. 

Attraction. TB. (1885.) Alexander 
von Humboldt; Garrick; H. Cramer; 
Heteranth; King of Blues; Ruther- 
ford; Sir Robert Peel. 

Auburn. TB. (Bliss 1921.) 

Augustissima. Aurea. 

Aunt Rachel. TB. (Fry. 1919.) 



Iris, continued 

AuREA. TB. (Jacq. 1830.) Aurora; 

Calif ornica; Canary Bird; Stump; 

Yellow Perfection; Augustissima; 

Loie Fuller. 

See also chamaeiris and pumila. 

Aurea. Spuria Aurea. 

Aurea Maculata. DB. Chamaeiris 

aurea maculata. 
Aureola. DB. (Cap. 1901.) 
Aureole. Honorabile. 
Aurora. TB. (Yeld 1909.) 
Aurora. Aurea. 

Austin. TB. (Den. 1923.) M. Austin. 
Australis. TB. 

Autocrat. TB. (Clev. 1920.) 
Avalanche. TB. 
Avalanche. Span. 
AvALON. TB. (Sturt. 1918.) 
AvENiR. TB. (1873.) UAvenir. 
Aviator. TB. (Per. 1919.) 
AviCE. TB. (Bliss N.) 
A. W. Blakely. TB. (Fry. 1917.) 
A. W. Latham. TB. (Fry. 1919.) 
Ayacanora. TB. (Bliss N.) 
Ayase. Jap. Ayase-gawa — Ayase 

River. 
Aymard. TB. (Den. 1911.) M. 

Ay mar d. 
Azrael. TB. (Mor. N.) 
Azure. TB. (Bliss 1918.) 
Azure. Jap. (Chi. 1919.) 
AzuREA, DB. Pumila a zurea; Pumila 

caerulea. 
Babylon. Jap. (Hal.) 
Bagdad. TB. (Bliss N.) 
Baker I. Ret. I. bakeriana. 
bakeriana. Ret. Baker I. 
Bakker Korf. Dut. (Van T.) 
Balaruc. TB. (Den. 1922.) 
Balboa. TB. (Mohr N.) 
Balceng varieties. 

See Blue Beard, Curiosity, Harle- 
quin, Miss Owen, Miss White. 

Baldur. TB. (Mor. N. 1923.) 
Balkan I. DB. I. reichenbachi. 
Balkana. DB. (1878.) 
Ballantrae. TB. (Bliss N.) 
Ballerine. TB. (Vilm. 1920.) 
Band of Clouds. Jap. Kumo-no- 
obi; Kumo-no-ue; Kunero-no-ute. 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. ZrAZic=synonyms or unapproved names. 



IRIS 



219 



Iris, continued 

Bandai-no-nami. Everlasting 

Waves. 
Barbara. (Fos. 1913.) 
Barbara. Barbara Perry. 
Barbara Perry (A. I. S. name). 

DB. (Per. 1903.) Barbara. 
Barcelona. TB. (Bliss N.) 
Bariensis. Buriensis. 
Bariensis Elizabeth. Buriensis Eliz- 
abeth. 
Barnum I. One. I. bamumae. 
bamumae. One. Barnum I. 
bamumae mariae. One. Helenae; 

Mariae. Mary I. 
Baronet. TB. (Sturt. 1920.) 
Barrelane. TB. (Sturt. 1921.) 
Barton Harrington. TB. (Fry. 

1919.) 
Bashi-Bazouk. TB. (Sturt. 1919.) 
Baxter. TB. Flavescens baxteri; 

Mr. Baxter. 
Baxteri. Sib. 
Bazain. Belle Brunette. 
Beaconsfield. Bosset. 
Beatrice. DB. (Cap. 1901.) 
Beatrix. RC. (Van T.) 
Beauregard. TB. (1868.) Jean 

Bart. 
Beauty. TB. (1876.) 
Beauty. Span. 
Beauty. Childs Beauty. 
Beauty. Perry Beauty. 
Beethoven. TB. (1887.) Miss 

Brough; Sambucina Beethoven. 
Belcolor. TB. (Den. 1910.) 
Belgica. TB. (Parm. 1830.) 
Belisaire. TB. (Cay. N.) 
Belladonna. TB. (Koeh. 1922.) 
Belle Agathe. Eng. 
Belle Brunette. Span. Bazain. 
Belle Chatelaine. TB. 
Belle Chinois. Span. Golden King:, 

Golden Prince. 
Belle Helene. Eng. 
Belle Hortense. Buriensis. 
Belle Nantaise. TB. (1892.) 
Benacensis. DB. Aphylla benacensis. 
Benbow. TB. (Bliss 1917.) 
Benedick. TB. (Hor. N.) 



Iris, continued 

Benoni. TB. (Per. 1921?) 
Benrimo. TB. (Per. N.) 
Berchta. TB. (G. & K. before 

1909.) 
Berckheyden. Dut. (Van T.) 
Berengaria. TB. (Bliss N.) 
Berenice. TB. (Bliss N.) 
Bergi. TB. (1839.) Variegata de 

Berghi; Bergiana; Robert Burns. 
Berkheimer. Dut. 
Berlin. TB. Othello. 
Berlioz. DB. (Cap. 1901.) 
Bertha Sacavin. Sultane. 
Bertrand. TB. (Bliss 1920.) 
Beryl. TB. (Bliss N.) 
Bessie. TB. (Fry. 1920.) Miss 

Bessie. 
Bessie. TB. 

Beth Hallock. Jap. (Hal.) 
Betsy Presby. DB. (Fry. 1919.) 

Miss Betsy Presby. 
Bettie Phillips. TB. (Fry. N.) 
BiANCA. TB. (Mil. 1912.) 
Bianca. Mercutio. 
Biflora. I. aphylla. 
Biflora maculata. Maculata. 
Big Ben. TB. (Fry. N.) 
BiGOTONi. TB. (Lmn. 1840.) 

Bigonite. 
biliotti. Phrygian I. 
Bismarck. TB. (Dutch 1888.) 
bismarckiana. One. Saari nazarensis 

Palestine I. 
Black I. One. I. atrofusca. 
Black Knight. Black Prince. 
Black MrooET. DB. (McK. 1923.) 
Black Prince. TB. (Per. 1900.) 

Black Knight. 

Black Prince is often sold erroneously 
under the name Early Purple, Florentina 
Blue, Kochi, Liberia, Midnight, and 
Parisiensis. 

Blackpurple I. One. I. atropur- 

purea. 
Blanche. Bolingbroke. 
Blanche Fleur. Span. Snowball. 
Blanche Superbe. Span. 
Bleu Aim able. Eng. 
Bleu Parfleur. Gisele. 
Bloomer. Dut. 



Small CAPiTALS==approved common names. Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (t) see page 1. 



220 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Iris, continued 

bloudowi. MB. Turkestan I. 
Blue Beard. DB. (Per. 1903.) 

Balceng Blue Beard. 
Blue Beard. Jap. 
Blue Beauty. Ver. 
Blue Bird. TB. (Bliss 1919.) 
Blue Bird. Jap. (Hal.) 
Blue Bird. I. germanica. 
Blue Boy. IB. (Fos. 1913.) 
Blue Bulb. Jun. Orchioides caerulea. 
Blue Celeste. Eng. 
Blue Danube. Jap. (Hal.) 
Blue Glory. TB. (Fry. 1919.) 
Blue Jay. TB. (Farr 1913.) 
Blue Jay. Jap. (Named by Hal.) 
Blue King. Sib. (Col. by Barr.) 
Blue Lagoon. TB. (Bliss 1919.) 
Blue Queen. TB. (Krel. N.) 

Queen of the Blues. 
Blue Sky. TB. (1885.) 
Blue Standard. Standard. 
Bluebells. TB. (McK. N.) 
Blueflag I. Laev. I. versicolor. 
Bluestone. DB. (Per. 1903.) 
Bluet. TB. (Sturt. 1918.) 
Bluewings. Jap. (Chi.) 
Blumei. Jap. (Sieb. 1865.) 
Blush White. Sib. (Per.) 
Blushing Empress. Jap. 
Bobs. DB. (Per. 1903.) 
BoccAGE. TB. (Lmn. 1840.) Afri- 

cain; Garibaldi; Kitty Kingsbury. 
BoiSMiLON. TB. (Lmn. 1840.) 

Bois-Milon; De Bois-Milon; Du 

Bois de Milan. 
boissieri. Span. Heterophylla. Yel- 

LOWBEARD I. 

Bokhara I. Jun. I. bucharica. 
BoLiNGBROKE. TB. (Hor. N.) Blanche. 
Border. DB. (Fry. 1919.) 
Bornmulleri. I. danfordiae. 
Bosniaca. I. reichenbachi. 
BosNiAMAc. IB. (Will, about 1905.) 
BossET. TB. (Verd. 1860.) Beacons- 
field; Lord Beacons field. 
Bossy. TB. (Per. 1918.) 
Bougainville. Malvina. 
Boundless Sea. Jap. Yomo-no- 

BouvET. DB. (Mil. 1919.) Le 
Bouvet 



Iris, continued 

BoYER. TB. (Den. 1913.) M. Boyer 

Brabant. TB. (Sal. before 1859.) 
Due de Brabant; Viscount de Bra- 
bant. 

Brachycupis. TB. 

bracteata. Cal. Br acted I. 

Bracted I. Cal. I. bracteata. 

Brand YWiNE. TB. (Farr 1920.) 

Brautjungfer. DB. Bridesmaid. 

Breitner. Dut. 

Bride. DB. (Cap. 1901.) The Bride; 
Die Braut. 

Bridesmaid. TB. (Sal. 1859.) 

Mixed with Edina and Tendresse. 

Bridesmaid. Brautjungfer. 

Brijet. Dut. 

Brilliant. Honor abile. 

Brilliant Colors. Jap. Kokonoiro. 

Brionense. TB. 

Britannicus. TB. (1864.) Bri- 
tannia. 

British Queen. Span. 

Bronze Age. TB. 

Bronze Beauty. TB. (1884.) 

Bronze King. Span. Bronze Queen; 
Arabi Pasha. 

Bronze Queen. Bronze King. 

Brooklyn. TB. Gen. de Witte; 
Johan de Worth; Surprise. 

Brooksiana. Queen of May. 

Bruientis. Buriensis. 

Brunette. IB. (Cap. 1901.) 

Brun. TB. (Den. 1922.) 

Bruno. TB. (Bliss 1922.) 

Bu-o-gun. Emperor Bu. 

bucharica. Jun. Bokhara I. 

Bulb I. Jun. I. orchioides. 

bulleyana. Sib. Hollo wstem I. 

Burgos. DB. 

Buriensis. TB. (DeB. 1820.) Bari- 
ensis; Belle Hortense; Bruientis. 

Buriensis Elizabeth. TB. Barien- 
sis Elizabeth; Elizabeth. 

Butterfly. Sib. (Clev. 1920.) M-me. 
Butterfly. 

Butterfly. DB. 

B. Y. Morrison. TB. (Sturt. 1918.) 

Cabanes. TB. (Den. N.) M. 
Cabanes. 

caerulea. Jun. Coerulea. White- 
edge I. 



IRIS 



221 



Iris, continued 

Cajanus. Span. Mouche d'Or; 

SWEBITON. 

Caliban. TB. (Hor. N.) 
California. Span. 
Calif ornica. I. macrosiphon. 
Californica. Aurea. 
Calypso. TB. (Lmn. 1840.) 
Calypso. RC. 

Cameleon. TB. (Lmn. 1840.) Chame- 
leon; Maihiola; William Wallace. 
Camelia. TB. (Fry. 1919.) 
Camellia. Mrs. Horace Darwin. 
Camelot. TB. (Bliss 1918.) 
Canari. Spur. (Mil.) 
Canary Bird. DB. (Per.) 
Canary Bird. Aurea; Flavescens. 
Candelabre. TB. (Vilm. 1911.) 
Candicans. TB. Lavandulacea. 
Candida. TB. (1854.) 

See also Nova Candida. 

Canopus. TB. (Bliss 1919.) 

Cantab. Span. 

Cantab. Diit. 

C. A. Pfeiffer. TB. (Fry. 1919.) 

Caporal. TB. (Bliss N.) 

Caprice. TB. (Vilm 1904.) Aheille 

Mervelleuse. 
Caprice. Jap. (Chi.) 
Captain of Blues. Span. 
Cardinal. TB. (Bliss 1922.) 
Carlolta Patti. Sans Souci. 
Carmelo. MB. (Mohr N.) 
Carmen. Span. 

Carmencita. TB. (Clev. 1920.) 
Carnot. TB. (1889.) Dr. Parnot; 

Ernest Bernot; Ernest Bersot; Pres. 

Carnot; Sadi Carnot; Saidi Citron. 
Caroline de Sansel. Jacquesiana. 
Carolyn D. TB. (Riis N.) 
Cartani. Span. 
Carthagena. TB. (Bliss N.) 
Carthusian. TB. (Mar. about 

1906.) 
Cassandra. RC. (Van T.) 
Cassandra. Eng. 

Cassiopeia. TB. (Vilm. N.) Cassiopee. 
Castor. RC. 
Catalosa. TB. (Farr N.) 
Caterina. TB. (Fos. 1909.) 
Cattleya. TB. (Farr N.) 
Caucasian. IB. (Dykes 1921.) 



Iris, continued 

Cavalier. TB. (Clev. 1920.) 
C. D. Hayes. TB. (Fry. 1919.) 
Cecil Minturn. TB. (Farr 1922.) 
Cecilia. TB. (Bliss N.) 
Celandine. TB. (Bliss N.) 
Celeste. TB. (Lmn. 1855-58.) 

Coelestina; Coelestis; H. Cramer; 

Halleriana; Pulcherrima. 
Celestial. Spur. (1905.) 
Celia. TB. (Yeld.) 
cengialti. TB. Tyrolean I. 
Cengialti Baldo. Monte Baldo. 
Cengialti purpurea. TB. 
Centurion. TB. (Bliss 1922.) 
C. E. Pearson. TB. (Per. N.) 
Ceres. IB. (Cap. 1901.) 
Chaber. TB. (Den. 1923.) M.Chaber. 
Chalcedonica. TB. Johan de Witte, 
Surprise. 
See also Brooklyn. 

Chameleon. Jap. (Hal.) 

Chameleon. Span. 

Chameleon. Cameleon. 

chamaeiris. DB. O/ftiewsis. Crimean 1. 

Chamaeiris alba. DB. 

Chamaeiris aurea. DB. 

Chamaeiris delicata. DB. 

Chancellor. TB. 

Charles Darwin. TB. (Fos. 1895.) 

Charles Dickens. TB. Orova; 

Oroya. 
Charlotte Patty. Sans Souci. 
Charmant. IB. (Cap. 1901.) 
Charmer. DB. (Cap. 1901.) 
Charmer. Jap. (Hal.) 
Charon. RC. (Van T.) 
Chasseur. TB. (Vilm. N.) 
Chateaufort. TB. (V. Verd. 1880.) 

Duchesse de Chateaufort. 
Chatelet. TB. (Vilm. N.) 
Chedolle. Chenedolle. 
Chelles. TB. 
Chenedolle. TB. (1872.) Chedolle, 

Chenodelle; Souvenir. 
Chereau. TB. (Lmn. 1844.) M. 

Chereau; Cherlon; Cherion. 

Also mixed with Sambucina. 



Cherokee Maid. 
1918.) 



MB. (Wmsn. 



222 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Iris, continued 

Cherryblossom. Jap. Yomo-za- 
kura — Cherry blossoms in every 
direction. 

Cherubim. TB. (Vilm. 1911.) 

Chester J. Hunt. TB. (Farr 1913.) 

Chicoree. TB. (Wet. N.) 

Childs Beauty. Jap. (Chi.) Beauty. 

Chinensis. I. japonica. 

Chitose-dzuru. Old Crane. 

Chlorinda. (Mor. N.) 

Chocho-san. Jap. (Farr 1917.) 

Choseidan. Jap. Chose Palace. 

Christmas I. Ret. I. vartani. 

chrysographes. Sib. Gold vein I. 

Chrysolora. Span. William the 
First. 

CiEL Bleu. Spur. (Mil. 1921.) 

Cinerea. DB. (1856.) Pumila dri- 
er ea. 

Circe. TB. (Sturt. 1921.) 

Circe. Jap. (Vilm. before 1900.) 

CiTREA. DB. (G. & K. 1899.) Pu- 
mila hyhrida citrea. 

Citronella. TB. (Bliss 1922.) 

Citronniere. Span. 

Clara. TB. (Lmn. 1855-58.) 

Clara Butt. Eng. 

Clara Butt. TB. 

Clara Curtis. TB. (Per. 1911.) 

Clarence Wedge. TB. (Fry. 1919.) 

Clarissa. TB. (1867.) 

Clarke I. Sib. I. clarkei. 

clarkei. Sib. Clarke I. 

Clematis. TB. (BUss 1917.) 

Clement Desormes. TB. (Den. N.) 

Cleopatra. TB. (Lmn. 1840.) 

Clio. TB. (1863.) 

Cloisonne. Shippo. 

Clotaire. TB. (Per.) 

Clotho. RC. (VanT.) 

Clotilde. DB. (Cap. 1901.) 

Cloud Dress. Jap. Kumo-isho. 

Cloudy Moon. Jap. Kumoma-no- 
tsuki; Kumo-no-isei. 

Cloudy Sky. Jap. Kumoma-no- 
sora. 

Clovis. Eng. 

Cluny. TB. (Vilm. 1920.) 

Coast I. Long, I. longipetala. 



Iris, continued 

Coelestina. RC. (Van T.) 
Coelestina; Coelestis. Celeste. 
Coerulea. I. caerulea. 
Coerulea. Pumila Caerulea. 
Col. Candelot. TB. (Mil. 1907.) 
Col. Cm-win. TB. 
Colenton. TB. 

Colonial Dame. TB. (McK. N.) 
Colonna. TB. (Bliss 1920.) 
Columnae. Ver. (1899.) 
Columbia. TB. (Dan. N.) 
Comanche. Jap. (Hal.) 
Comanche. TB. (Farr N.) 
Commandant Betti. TB. 
Commandant Driant. DB. (Mil. 

1919.) 
Commodore. TB. (Bliss 1921.) 
Commodore Perry. Jap. 
Commonwealth. TB. (Per.) 
CoMo. TB. 
CoMPACTA. DB. (G. & K. 1906.) 

Pumila hyhrida compacta. 
Compacta. Sib. 
Comtesse d'Hauteville. DB. (Mil. 

1914.) 
CoNCHOBAR. TB. (Bliss 1921.) 
CoNFALLON. Jap. (Hal.) 
Conqueror. TB. (Lmn. 1840.) 

Conqueror of Europe. 
Conquest. TB. (Dykes 1922.) 
Conquistador. TB. (Mohr N.) 
Conscience. Jacquesiana. 
Conspicua. Hector. 
Constance. IB. (Cap. 1901.) 
Contrast. TB. 
Copper I. Hex. I. fulva. 
CoppERMAN. TB. (Barr.) 
Cora. TB. (Mil.) 
Cora Vernon. TB. (Fry. 1919.) 
Corbeau. TB. 

Cordelia. TB. (Park. 1873?) 
Cordon Bleu. TB. (Stm-t. 1921.) 
Core A. Sib. 

Cornflower. Span. Sole at are. 
CoRNUAULT. TB. (Den. 1918.) M. 

Cornuault. 
Coronet. Jap. (Hal.) 
CoRRmA. TB. (Mil.) 
Cottage Mah). TB. (Barr.) 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. 7T'AZic=synonyms or unapproved names. 



IRIS 



223 



Iris, continued 

Count of Nassau. Span. King of 
Blues; Countess of Nassau. 

CouRCY. TB. (1860.) Comiesse de 
Courcy; Lord Seymour. 

C. P. CoNNELL. TB. (Fry. 1921.) 

Crane. 

See Old Grane, White Crane, Crane 
Feathers, etc. 

Crane Feathers. Jap. Tsuru-no- 

kegoromo; White Bird Feathers. 
Crepuscule. TB. (V. Verd. 1863.) 

Twilight. 
Crested I. Ev. I. cristata. 
Cretan. TB. (Dykes 1922.) 
Cretensis. I. unguicularis. 
Cretonne. TB. (Bliss 1919.) 
Crimean I. DB. I. chamaeiris. 
Crimson King. TB. 
Crimson Tuft. Jap. (Named by Hal.) 
cristata. Ev. Crested I. 
Cristata alba. Ev. 
cristata lacustris. Ev. Lacustris. ^ 

Lake I. 
Cristata major. Ev. 
Crusader. TB. (Fos. 1913.) 
Crystal. Jap. (Hal.) 
Cubeseed I. Sib. I. prismatica. 
Cuprea. I. fulva. 
Curiosity. DB. (Per.) Balceng 

Curiosity. 
Cushion Brocade. Jap. Nishiki-no- 

shitome. 
C. VAN DER WiNDT. Dut. (Van T.) 
Cyanea. DB. (G. & K. 1899.) 

Pumila hyhrida cyanea. 
Cygnet. TB. (Sturt. 1922.) 
Cyprian I. TB. I. cypriana. 
cypriana. TB. Cyprian I. 

In the trade often confused with I. 
mesopotamica and I. trojana. 

Cytherea. TB. (1869.) Cytheree. 
Czar. TB. (Per. 1910.) 
Daimyo. TB. (Mor. N.) 
Daimyo. Jap. 
Dainty. Datedogu. 
Daisy Hill. TB. (Smith.) 
Dalila. TB. (Den. 1914.) 
Dalmarius. TB. (G. & K. 1907.) 
Lucrece; Lucretia; Lucretius. 



Iris, continued 

Dalmatica TB. (Cult, before 1600.) 
Pallida dalmatica; Mme. Almira. 

Damozel. TB. (Mor. 1922.) 

Dancing Lion. Lion Dance. 

Dancing Tiger. Tiger Dance. 

Dandy. TB. 

Danford I. Ret. I. danfordiae. 

danfordiae. Ret. Bornmulleri. Dan- 
ford I. 

Daniel Lesueur. TB. (Den. 1913.) 

Daphne. TB. (Bliss 1920.) 

Darius. TB. (Park. 1873.) 

Darling. Span. 

Darling. TB. 

Datedogu. Jap. Dainty. 

Dauphin. IB. (Cap. 1901.) 

David. DB. (Cap. 1901.) 

DAvro Bles. Dut. (Van T.) 

David Teniers. Dut. (Van T.) 

Dawn. TB. (Yeld 1911.) 

De Forcrand. TB. (Den. N.) 

De Lamartine. Eng. 

De Lesseps. Eng. 

Decazes. TB. (Lmn. 1855-58.) Due 
de Cazes; Due Decazes. 

Deep Blue Waters. Jap. 

Dejazet. TB. (Vilm. 1914.) 

De Kinderen. Dut. 

Delagrange. TB. (Mil. 1916) 
Souv. de Delagrange. 

Delavay I. Sib. L delavayi. 

delavayi. Sib. Delavay I. 

Delicata. TB. 

Delicatissima. TB. (Mil.) 

Delicatissima. (1889.) Gisele. 

Delice. Jap. (Chi.) 

Delices. TB. (Cay. N.) 

Delight. Jap. (Chi.) 

Delight. TB. (Sturt. N.) 

Demawendica. I. ib erica. 

Demi-deuil. TB. (Den. 1912.) 

Demure. TB. (Sturt. 1918.) 

Der Kinderen. Dut. 

Deuil de Valery Mayet. Valery 
Mayet. 

Diadem. TB. (Bliss 1919.) 

Diamond. IB. (Cap. 1901.) 

Diana. DB. (Hor. N.) 

Diana. Jap. (Hal.) 



Small CAPiTALS^approved common names. Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (f) see page 1. 



224 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Iris, continued 

Diane. TB. (Vilm. 1911.) 
dichotoma. Vesper I. 
Dido. RC. (Van T.) 
Die Fee. DB. Fairy. 
Dinah. Jap. (Hal.) 
DiLKUSH. MB. (Fos. 1909.) 
Dimity. TB. (Bliss 1919.) 
Dinky. TB. (Bliss N.) 
DiONYZA. TB. (Hor. N.) 
DisTA^[T Mountains. Jap. 
Distinction. Sib. 
Distinction. Jap. (Chi. 1915.) 
DiTTON Purple. DB. 
Dixie I. Hex. I. hexagona. 
DixMUDE. DB. (Mil. 1916.) 
Dolores. TB. (Bliss 1920.) 
Dolphin. IB. (Cap. 1901.) 
DoMiNATOR. Jap. (Chi.) 
Dominion. TB. (Bliss 1917.) 
Don Carlos. IB. (Cap. 1901.) 
Donna Maria. TB. (Lmn. 1840.) 

Edith; Edith Cook; Edna. 
Donna Marie. Span. 
Donna Nook. TB. (Per.) 
Dora. Eng. 

Dora Longdon. TB. (Bliss 1918.) 
DoRAK. MB. (Fos. 1909.) 
Doris. TB. (Cap. 1901.) 
Dorman. TB. (Bliss 1920.) 
Dorothea. IB. (Cap. 1901.) Doro- 

thee. 
Dorothea K. Williamson. Hex. 

(Wmsn. 1918.) 
Dorothy Foster. Spur. (1889.) 

Monspur; Dorothy Foster. 
Dorothy Rowe. TB. (1920.) Miss 

Dorothy Rowe. 
Doshisha. Jap. Doshisha College. 
DouAiRiERE. TB. (Cay. N.) 
Douglas I. Cal. I. douglasiana. 
douglasiana. Cal. Douglas I. 
douglasiana watsoniana. Cal. Wat- 
son I. 
Dove. Lavandulacea. 
Dr. Andrist. TB. (Fry. 1919.) 
Dr. Bernice. TB. (1867.) Mag- 

nifica (not Vilm.); Dr. Bernie; Dr 

Berenice. 
Dr. Chevreau. TB. (Cay. N.) 
Dr. Livingstone. Eng. 
Dr. Logan. TB. (Fry. 1921.) 



Iris, continued 

Dr. Lyons. TB. (Fry. 1921.) 
Dr. Mantor. TB. (Fry. 1919.) 
Dr. Parnet. Queen of May. 
Dr. Parnot. Carnot. 
Dr. Regel. Eng. 
Dr. Sanford. TB. (Fry. 1917.) 
Dr. Vincent. TB. (Fry. 1921.) 
Dragon. TB. (Vilm. N.) 
Drake. TB. (Bliss 1919.) 
Drapeau. TB. (Vilm. N.) 
Dream. TB. (Sturt. 1918.) 
Dreamlight. TB. (Sturt. 1923.) 
Dryad. TB. (Cay. N.) Dryade. 
Du Bois de Milan. Boismilon. 
DuGuesclin. TB. (Bliss 1921.) 
Due DES Abruzzes. Eng. 
Duchess de Magenta. Arlequin Mali- 

NAIS. 

Duchess of Wellington. TB. Re- 
ticulata. 
Duke of Bedford. TB. (Bliss 

1922.) 
Duke of Norfolk. Sib. 
DuNois. Eng. 

Duquesne. TB. (Hall 1923.) 
Durieu. TB. (Den. 1919.) 
Dusk. TB. (Mor. 1921.) 
Dusky Maid. TB. (Bliss 1919.) 
Dusky Prince. TB. 
Dutch. Dut. Xiphium hyhridum. 
E. A. Bowles. TB. (Per.) 
Eastern Queen. Jap. 
Eburna. DB. (G. & K. 1899.) 

Pumila hybrida eburna. 
Eckesachs. TB. (G. & K. 1920.) 
Eclaire. Jap. (Hal.) 
EcLAiREUR. TB. (Cay. N.) 
Eclipse. DB. (Cap. 1901.) 
Eclipse. Jap. (Named by Hal.) 
E. C. Shaw. TB. (Frv. 1919.) 
Eden Phillpotts. TB. (Per. 1921.) 
Edina. TB. (Lmn. 1840.) 
Edith; Edith Cook. Donna Maria. 
Edith Cavell. TB. (Den. 1921.) 
Edith the Saxon. TB. (Bod. N.) 
Edna. Dona Maria. 
Edna Mercia. TB. . 
Edna Perry. TB. (Per.) 
Edna Perry. Sib. (Per. before 1920.) 
Edouard Michel. TB. (Verd. 1904.) 
Edward Simmons. TB. (1889.) 



IRIS 



225 



Iris, continued 

E.E.Adams. TB. (Ycld.) 
Effie. TB. (Per.) 
Eggeri. I. atropurpurea. 
Eglamour. TB. (Hor. 1921.) 
E. H. Jenkins. TB. (Bliss 1919.) 
E. L. Crandal. TB. (Farr 1915.) 
Eldorado. TB. (Vilm. 1910.) 
Electra. Eng. 
Elegans. Victorine. 
Eleon. Malvina. 
Elf Queen. TB. (McK. N.) 
E. L. Irish. TB. (Fry. N.) 
Elinor. TB. (Sturt. 1918.) 
Elinor Funk. TB. (Bral. N.) 
Elise. TB. (Cap. 1901.) 
Elizabeth. TB. 

See also Buriensis Elizabeth. 

Elizabeth Hamilton. TB. (Bral. N.) 
Emir. TB. (Yeld 1918.) 
Emma. Yemen I. 
Emmeline. TB. (Vilm. N.) 
Emperor. Sib. (Named by Wal.) 
Emperor. Eng. 

Emperor Bu. Jap. Bu-o-gun. 
Emperor of the West. Span. 
Empire. TB. (Sturt. 1918.) 
Empress. IB. (Cap. 1901.) 
Empress oj India. TB. (1921.) 
Ena Brallior. TB. (Bral. N.) 
Enchantress. TB. (Probably 

Park. 1873.) 
English I. Eng. I. xiphioides. 
Enid. TB. 
ensata. Russian I. 
Ensign. TB. (Sturt. 1920.) 
Eos. RC. (VanT.) 
Erehe. Kochi. 
Erich. TB. (Farr 1913.) 
Ernest. DB. (Cap. 1901.) 
Ernest Bernot; Ernest Bersoi. Carnot 
Esmeralda. TB. 
Esperance. TB. 
EsTELLE. TB. (Bliss N.) 
Esther. TB. (Bliss N.) 
Etenard. TB. (Vilm. N.) 
Ethel Aldrich. TB. (Aid. N.) 
Ethel Leach. TB. (Fry. 1917 ) 

Miss Ethel Leach. 
Ethel Pearson. TB. (Per. N.) 
Ethiopian. TB. (Bliss N.) 
Etta. IB. (Cap. 1901.) 



Iris, continued 

Eucharis. Jap. (Vilm. before 1900.) 

Eucharis. RC. 

Eugene. Jap. (Hal.) 

Eugene Bonvallet. TB. (Cay. 

1906.) 
Eugene Sue. TB. (Lmn. 1848.) 

Ariane. 
EuMEE. Jap. (Vilm. 1908.) 
EuRYDiCE. RC. (VanT.) 
Eva. RC. 

Evadne. TB. (Bliss 1921.) 
Evelyn. DB. (Cap. 1901.) 
Evening Glow. TB. (Tut. N.) 
Evening Glow. Jap. 
Evening Star. TB. (Bliss N.) 
Everlasting Waves. Jap. Bandai- 

no-nami. 
ExcELSA. DB. (G. & K. 1899.) 

Puniila hybrida excelsa. 
Excelsior. Jap. (Hal.) 
Excelsior. Span. 
Excited Bear. Jap. Kuma-fungeki 

or -funjin. 
Exquisite. TB. (Probably Park. 

1874.) 
Exquisite. Jap. (Hal.) 
Eytheria. Mrs. Horace Darwin. 
Fair Maid. Jungfrau. 
Fairy. TB. (Ken. 1905.) 
Fairy. DB. Die Fee. 
Fairy Queen. TB. (Sal. before 

1859.) 
Faith. TB. (Bliss 1922.) 
Fantasy. TB. (Sturt. 1920.) 
Fascination. Jap. 
Fatide. TB. 
Faustine. TB. (Lmn. 1859.) Flamm 

de Punch. 
Favourite. TB. (1874.) 
Fedora. TB. (Cay. N.) 
Felicitas. RC. (Van T.) 
Felspar. IB. (Mor. N.) 
Fenella. TB. (Mor. 1921.) 
Fenton. TB. (Hor. N.) 
Ferakan. MB. (Fos.) 
Ferdinand. TB. (Hor. N.) 
Fiancee. Bride. 
Fidelio. TB. (Cay. N.) 
Fieberi. DB. Aphylla fieberi, 

Aphylla gigantea. 
FiLiFOLiA. Span. Praecox. 



226 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Iris, continued 

FiLiFOLi A Elisabeth. Span. 

FiLiroLiA Imperator. Span. 

FiLOMELA. Span. 

Fimbriata. I. tectorum. 

Firefly. Jap. Uji-no-Jiotaru — Fire- 
flies of Uji. 

Firmament. IB. (Gros. 1920.) 

First Frost. Jap. Hatsushimo. 

Flaked Beauty. Spur. 

Flamm de Punch. Faustine. • 

Flammenschwert, TB. (G. & K. 
1920.) 

Flavalba (A. I. S. name). TB. 
(Fos. 1919.) Flavescens alba. 

Flavesard (A. I. S. name). TB. 
(Den. 1914.) Flavescens Ricardi. 

Flavescens. Canary Bird; Canari; 
H or tense. 

Flavescens alba. Flavalba. 

Flavescens baxteri. Baxter. 

Flavescens M unite. Munite. 

Flavescens Ricardi. Flavesard. 

flavissima. Arenaria. Goldbeard I. 

F. L. Battery. TB. (Fry N.) 

Flora. RC. 

Flora. Span. 

Florence Barr. TB. (Barr 1876.) 

Florence Wells. TB. (Barr.) 

Florentina. TB. Alba odorata; 
Florentina alba; Florentina Queen 
Emma; Florentina Silver King; 
Gambetta; Florentine. 

The name I. florentina has been applied 
to various forms of Iris. According to 
the best botanical usage it is not a 
proper designation of any species of this 
genus. It is therefore treated here, as 
also in Bailey's Standard Cyclopedia, as 
a horticultural variety of I. germanica, 
which together with I. pallida, is the 
source of the aromatic "orris root" of 
commerce. The name I. florentina is 
often misapplied also to I. albicans. 

Florentina Blue. I. germanica. 

Florentina purpurea. I. germanica. 

Florentina Queen Emma. Floren- 
tina. 

Florentina Silver King. Florentina. 

Florentine. Florentina. 

Floribunda. DB. (G. & K. 1910.) 
Pumila hybrida floribunda. 



Iris, continued 

Florida. DB. (G. & K. 1899.) 
Pumila hybrida florida . 

Florrie Ridler. Sib. (Per. before 
1920.) 

Flower Brocade. Jap. Hana-no- 
nishiki. 

foetidissima. Gladwin I. 

Foetidissima foliis variegatis. Varie- 
gated Gladwin I. 

Foliis Variegatis. TB. Pallida 
foliis variegatis. 

Foliis variegatis. Spuria Foliis Va- 
riegatis. 

foliosa. Hex. Hexagona lamancei. 
Lamance I. 

Font AR ABIE. TB. 

Foothill I. Cal. I. hartwegi. 

Formosa. DB. (G. & K. 1899.) 
Pumila hybrida formosa. 

Formosa. Span. 

forresti. Sib. Yunnan I. 

Fortress. Jap. Hodai. 

Fosteri. Ver. (Fos.? 1899.) 

Foster Yellow. TB. (Fos. 1909.) 

Fragrans. Swerti. 

Francella. Jap. (Elm.) 

Frances Gooding. TB. (Fry. N.) 

Francina. TB. (Bliss 1920.) 

Francis Bennett. TB. (Dun. 1921.) 

Frank M. Thomas. TB. (Thom 
1922.) 

Frans Hals. Dut. (Van T.) 

Frate. Jap. (Hal.) 

Fraulieb. Trautlieb. 

Freckles. TB. (Fry. 1919.) 

Freda. TB. (Bliss 1920.) 

Frederick. TB. (1896.) Frederick 
The Great. 

Freya. IB. (Cap. 1901.) 

Freya. RC. (Van T.) 

Friedrich Spielhagen. Eng. 

Fries Morel. TB. (Lmn. 1840.) 
President Morel. 

Fringed I. Ev. I. japonica. 

Fritjof. IB. (G. & K. 1910.) 

Fro. TB. (G. & K. 1910.) 

Frobisher. TB. (Bliss N.) 

Frona. TB. (Bliss N.) 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. I T Alic=synonyms or unapproved names. 



IRIS 



227 



Iris, continued 

Frosty Moonlight. Jap. Shimoyo- 
no-tsuki; Shemogo-no-tsaki ; Sho- 
moyo-no-tsuki; Shumo-no-tsaki. 

Fryer Glory. TB. (Fry. 1919.) 

Fryer Lavender. TB. (Fry. 1919.) 

FuERSTiN Lonyay. TB. (G. & K. 
1920.) 

Fuji-no-mine. Mt. Fuji. 

Fuji-no-yuki. Fuji Snowcap. 

Fuji Snowcap. Jap. Fuji-no-yuki. 

FuLGORiE. TB. (Lmn. 1840.) Ful- 
gova. 

fulva. Hex. Cuprea. Copper I. 

FuLVALA. Hex. (Dykes about 1910.) 

FuLVALA Violacea. Hex. (Dykes 
about 1910.) 

F. W. Needham. TB. (Fry. 1919.) 

Gabriel. TB. (Bliss 1921.) 

Gabriel Metsu. Dut. 

Gaiete. TB. (Vilm. N.) 

Gajus. TB. (G. & K. 1906.) 

Galatea. Jap. (1882.) Galathee. 

Gambetta. Florentina. 

Ganymede. TB. (Lmn. 1855-58.) 

Garfield. Germanica Alba . 

Garibaldi. TB. (Ware 1898.) 

Garibaldi. Boccage. 

Garrick. DB. (Cap. 1901.) 

Garrick. Attraction. 

gatesi. One. Monarch I. 

Gay-Lussac. TB. (Den. N.) 

Gazelle. Gisele. 

Gedeon. (1854.) Gideon. 

Geisha. Jap. 

Gekka-no-nami. Moonlit Waves. 

Gen. Gallieni. TB. (Mil. 1923.) 

Gen. de Castelnau. TB. (Mil 
1919.) 

Gen. de Witte. Amabilis; Brooklyn 

Gen. Grant. TB. (1889.) 

Gen. Marchand. TB. (Mil. 1914.) 

Gen. Vetter. Eng. 

Genghis Khan. TB. (Sturt. 1922.) 

Genoa. TB. (Fry. 1921.) 

George Borrow. TB. (Bliss N.) 

George Wallace. Sib. (1894.) 

Georges V. DB. (Mil. 1916.) 

Georgia. TB. (Farr 1920.) 

Geraldine. TB. (Yeld 1911.) 



Iris, continued 

Gerda. IB. (G. & K. 1910.) 
Germaine Le Clerc. TB. (Cav. 

1910.) 
Germaine Perthuis. TB. (Mil. 

1922.) 
German I. TB. I. germanica. 
germanica. TB. Florentina -purpurea; 

Parisiensis; Spectabilis; Violacea; 

Vulgaris. German I. 

To the true I. germanica have also been 
applied the following common names, 
which are to be treated as synonyms: 
Blue Bird, Florentina Blue; Purple 
Queen. 

Germanica alba. TB. 

Germanica major. TB. Major. 

Gernez. TB. (Den. 1923.) 

Gertrude. TB. (Pet. 1907.) 

Gervase. TB. 

Ghandi. TB. (Bur. N.) 

Gideon. Gedeon. 

GiRAN. MB. (Fos. 1913.) 

Gisele. TB. (Lmn. 1848.) Bleu 

Parjieur; Delicatissima ; Gazelle; 

Gysels; Mme. Ghysels; Reine des 

Beiges. 
Gladstone. TB. (Ware 1890.) Mr. 

Gladstone. 

See also Thorbecke and Victorine. 

Gladwin I. I. foetidissima. 
Gladys. TB. (Per. 1910.) 
Gladys Roberts. TB. (Per. 1921.) 
Glamour. TB. (Bliss 1922.) 
Glee. DB. (McK. 1923.) 
Glitter. TB. (Bliss 1919.) 
Gloire de Haarlem. Span. 
Gloire de Hillegom. TB. (Dutch.) 
Gloria. TB. (Mor. N.) 
Gloriae. TB. (Cay. N.) 
Gloriette. TB. (Lmn. 1855-58.) 

Rigoletto. 
Glory of Haarlem. Jap. 
Glory of Holland. Span. 
Glory of Reading. TB. (Farr 

1909.) 
Glowing Embers. TB. (Sturt. 

1923.) 
Gnome. TB. (Bliss 1921.) 



Small CAPiTALS=approved romnion names. Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cyi (f) see page 1. 



228 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Iris, continued 

Gold Bound. Jap. (Named by Hal. 
about 1885.) Moonlight Waters; 
Shirataki; Silver Waters; Still Grey 
Waters; Waves Under Moonlight; 
White Waterfall. 

Gold Bound. Mexicana. 

Gold Coin. TB. 

Gold Crest. TB. (Dykes 1914.) 

Gold Crest. Goldweir. 

Gold Cup. Span. 

Gold Cup. Thunderbolt. 

Gold Imperial. TB. (Sturt. N.) 

Goldbeard I. I. flavissima. 

Golden Gate. Spur. (Bran. N.) 

Golden Glow. TB. (Wet. N.) 

Golden King; Golden Prince. Belle 
Chinois. 

Golden Plume. TB. (Fry. 1917.) 

Golden Queen. Span. 

Golden Spire. TB. (Per. 1910.) 

Goldfinch. Prince of Orange. 

Gold vein I. Sib. I. chrysographes. 

Goldweir (A. I. S. name). TB. (Weir 
before 1894.) Gold Crest. 

Goliath. TB. (Cay. 1908.) 

Gorgeous. TB. 

GouMiER. TB. (Vilm. N.) 

Gov. Hughes. TB. (Fry. 1919.) 

GovERT Flinck. Dut. 

Gracchus. TB. (Ware 1884 or 1887.) 

Grace Darling. Span. 

Grace Kimball. TB. (Fry. 1917.) 

gracilipes. Ev. Slender I. 

Gracilis. DB. (Berg 1835.) Pumila 
gracilis; Biflora gracilis. 

graminea. Spur. Grass I. 

Grand Bouquet. TB. (1919.) 

Grand Ferre. TB. (Cay. N.) 

Grand Master. TB. (Per. 1917.) 

Grand Mogul. TB. (Vilm. N.) 

Grand Mongul. Mongul. 

Grand Vainquer. Eng. 

Grandee. DB. (Cap. 1901.) Gran- 
dice. 

Grandesse. Eng. 
Grandeur. TB. (Dun. 1921.) 
Grandis. Sib. Grandesse. 
Granite. Jap. (Hal. about 1885.) 
grantduffi. Jaffa I. 
Grantduffi Aschersoni. (Fos.) 
Grass I. Spur. I. graminea. 



Iris, continued 
Graver eau. TB. 
Gray Friar. TB. (Bral. N.) 
Gray Morn. TB. (Sturt. 1920.) 
Graziella. TB. (Cay. N.) 
Grenadier. TB. (Vilm. N.) 
Grenville. TB. (Bliss N.) 
Grevin. TB. (Vilm. 1920.) 
Guinevere. TB. (Barr?) 
Giddenstaedtiana. Halophila. 
Guldenstaedtiana alba. Spuria Alba. 
Guldenstaedtiana caerulea. Spuria 

Caerulea. 
Gules. TB. (Bliss 1917.) 
Gunfalon. Jap. (Hal. about 1885.) 
G. W. Peake. TB. (Fry. 1917.) 
Gypsy Queen. TB. (Sal. before 

1859.) Hamlet; La Prestigeuse; 

Queen of Gypsies; Reine des Fees; 

Reine des Pays. 
See also Sambucina. 

Gysels. Gisele. 
Hackaert. Dut. (Van T.) 
Haematophylla. Sib. (1879.) 
Hagaribi. Torchlight. 
Hakausai. Jap. 

Haku-botan — A white peony. Jap. 
Halfdan. IB. (G. & K. 1908.) 
Halleriana. Celeste; Walneriana. 
Halo. TB. (Yeld 1917.) 
Halophila. Spur. Guldenstaedtiana. 
Hana-aoi. Hollyhock. 
Hana-no-nishiki. Flower Brocade. 
Hana-gosho. Palace. 
Hamadan. MB. (Fos. 1909.) 
Hamlet. Gypsy Queen. 
Hannibal. TB. (1884.) 
Hansoni. Ver. (1889.) 
Harbinger. TB. (BUss 1920.) 

Herald. 
Harlequin. DB. (Per. 1903.) Bal- 

ceng Harlequin. 
Harlequin Malinois. Arlequin Mal- 

INAIS. 

Harmonia. DB. (Cap. 1901.) Har- 

mannia. 
HarputI. Ret. I. histrioides. 
Harriet. TB. (Fry. 1917.) 
Harriet Presby. TB. (Presby 1922.) 
Harris. DB. (Mil.) 
Harrison Weir. TB. (Weir 1880.) 
HartNibbriz. Dut. (Van T.) 



IRIS 



229 



Iris, continued 

hartwegi. Cal. Foothill I. 
Hartz. Dut. 

Harvestone. TB. (Bur. N.) 
Hatsushimo. First Frost. 
Hauronensis. 

Haussknechti. I. persica sieheana. 
Hautefeuille. TB. (Den. 1910.) 
Hawkins. TB. (Bliss N.) 
Hawthorne. TB. (Bliss 1921.) 
Haydee. TB. (1854.) 
Haydn. DB. (Cap. 1901.) 
Haydn. Haydee. 
Haynei. I. atrofusca. 
H. Cramer. Attraction; Celeste. 
Heavenly Blue. Span. Solfatare. 
Hebe. TB. (1854.) 
Hebe. Jap. (Vilm. 1902.) 
Hecate. RC. (Van T.) 
Hector. TB. (Lmn. 1840.) Con- 
spicua; India; Jenny Lind; Julius 
Caesar; Lapierre; Rebecca; Velve- 
teen. 
Hector. Eng. 
Hegire. TB. (Cay. N.) 
Heldreichi. I. persica stenophylla. 
Helen Von Siebold. Jap. Mine. 

Helen Von Siebold. 
Helena. TB. (Hor. 1920.) 
Helenae. I. bamumae mariae. 
Helene. Jap. (1882.) 
Helene Koehler. TB. (Koeh. N ) 
Helge. IB. (G. & K. 1908.) 
Helios. Jap. (Vilm. 1902.) 
Henkler. TB. (Per. 1905.) 
Henri Denis. TB. (Den. 1923.) 
Henri Glower. TB. (Den. 1919.) 
Her Majesty. TB. (Per. 1903) 

Annie Grey. 
Her Majesty. Span. 
Her Rival. TB. (McK. N.) 
Hera. RC. (Van T.) 
Herald. TB. (1893.) 
Herald. Harbinger. 
Herant. TB. (1889.) 
Hercules. Jap. (Vilm. 1904.) 
Hercules. Span. 
Hereward. IB. (Cap. 1901.) 
Hericart de Thury. TB. (1870.) 
Hermia. TB. (Yeld.) 
Hermione. TB. (Hor. 1920.) 
Hermoine. Maggie. 



Iris, continued 

Hermosa. TB. (Dean 1923.) 

Herocles. TB. (Mil. about 1905.) 

Herodotus. TB. (1884.) 

Hesperia. RC. 

Heteranth. Attraction. 

Heterophylla. I. boissieri. 

hexagona. Hex. Dixie I. 

Hexagona lamancei. I. foliosa. 

Hiawatha. TB. (Farr 1913.) 

Hilda. TB. (Bliss 1920.) 

Hildebrand. TB. (Bliss N.) 

Himalayan I. Ev. I. milesi. 

Hippolyta. TB. (Hor. 1921.) 

Hispanica. I. xiphium. 

histrio. Ret. Syrian I. 

histrioides. Ret. Harput I. 

Histrioides Major. Ret. 

Ho-o-jo — Royal castle. Jap. 

Hobbema. Dut. (Van T.) 

Hodai. Fortress. 

Hokanum. Malvina. 

Hollo wsTEM I. Sib. I. buUeyana. 

Hollyhock. Jap. Hana-aoi. 

Homer. TB. (Mor. N.) 

Hon. Mrs. Kingscote. Mrs. Kings- 
cote. 

HoNORABiLE. TB. (Lmu. 1840.) 
Aureole ; Brilliant ; Honorable; Hon- 
orabilis; Honourable; Rebecca. 
Mixed with Sans Souci, but distinctly 
lighter. 

hoogiana. Redbeard I. 

HoPATCONG. TB. (B. & A. 1917.) 

Hope. TB. (Sturt. 1918.) 

Horace de Paris. TB. Comte Hor- 
ace de Paris. 

Horizon. TB. (Mor. N.) 

Hortense. De Candolle I. 

Hosogawa. Jap. 

Hubert. TB. (Hor. 1921.) 

HucHTENBURG. Dut. (Van T.) 

Hugo. TB. (Farr 1913.) 

Humboldt. Attraction. 

Hungarian I. I. variegata. 

HussARD. TB. (Vilm. N.) 

Hybrida Aurea. DB. (G. & K. 
1913.) Pumila hybrida aurea. 

Hyde Park. Jap. (Hal. about 1885.) 

Hymen. TB. (Yeld before 1920.) 

Hyperion. TB. (BUss 1921.) 

Iberian I. One. I. iberica. 



230 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Iris, continued 

iberica. One. Demawendica. Iberian I. 
Ideal. TB. (Cay. N.) 
Idion. TB. (Lmn. 1840.) 
Idzumi. Jap. Idzumigawa. 
Ignacite. TB. (Lmn. 1859.) Ignace; 

Ignatia; Ignitus; Ignititia; Igno- 

cito; Leopard. 
Igouf. TB. (Mil. 1911.) 
Illusion. TB. (Stiirt. N.) 
Ilsan. TB. (G. & K. 1920.) 
Imogene. TB. (Lmn. 1840.) 
Imperator. TB. (Cay. N.) 
Imperial Queen. Jap. 
Inca. TB. (Farr 1922.) 
Incognita. TB. (Fos. 1909.) 
India. Hector. 
India. Indiana. 
Indian Queen. TB. (1859.) 
Indiana. TB. (Lmn. 1840.) India, 

Oudiniana. 
Indo. Jap. (Chi. 1919.) 
Inez. Span. 

Ingeborg. IB. (G. & K. 1908.) 
Ingres. TB. (Cay. N.) 
Inner Glow. TB. (Sturt. N.) 
Innocenza. (Lmn. 1854.) 
Insulinde. TB. (Krel. N.) 
loLANTHE. TB. (Sturt. 1919.) 
Iphigenia. RC. 

Iphigenie. Jap. (Vilm. before 1900.) 
Irene. RC. (Van T.) 
Iris King. TB. (G. & K. 1907.) 

Iris Koenig; King of Iris; Reine 

des Iris; Remedes; Roi des Iris. 
Iroquois. TB. (Farr 1909.) 
Isabella. Jap. (Vilm. 1902.) 
Isis. TB. (Bliss 1919.) 
Isis. RC. (Van T.) 
Ismali. MB. (Fos. 1909.) 
Ismene. RC. (Van T.) 
Isola. TB. (Fos. 1909.) 
Isold A. RC. (Van T.) 
IsoLiNE. TB. (Vilm. 1904.) 
IssiAN I. Jun. I. persica issica. 
IsTREA. TB. (Dykes 1922.) 
Italia. Kharput. 
Italica, DB. Chamaeiris italica. 
IvANHOE. TB. (Mil. 1911.) 
IvoRiNE. IB. (Cap. 1901.) 



Iris, continued 

Ivy Logan. TB. (Per. 1915.) 
Jackmanni. TB. 
Jacob Maris. Dut. 
Jacqueline. TB. (Dun. 1921.) 
Jacqueline Guillot. TB. (Cay. N.) 
Jacqueminot. Speciosa. 
Jacquenetta. TB. (Hor. N.) 
Jacquesiana. TB. (Lmn. 1840.) 

Caroline de Sansel; Conscience; 

Jacquiana; Jacquiniana; Lord Rose- 

bery. 
Jaffa I. I. grantduffi. 
James Boyd. TB. (Farr 1915.) 
Jan Both. Dut. (Van T.) 
Jan de Bray. Dut. (Van T.) 
Jan Steen. Dut. 
Japanese I. Jap. I. kaempferi. 
Japanesque. TB. (Farr 1922.) 
japonica. Ev. Chinensis. Fringed I. 
Japonic A Aphrodite. Ev. 
Japonica Foliis Variegatis. 
J. B. Dumas. TB. (Den. 1917.) 
J. C. Drake. TB. (Fry. 1919.) 
J. C. Vaughan. Jap. (Hal. about 

1885.) 
Jean Bart. Beauregard. 
Jean Chevreau. TB. (Cay. N.) 
JeanSisley. TB. (1887.) 
Jeanne Bel. TB. (Den. N.) 
Jeanne d'Arc. TB. (Verd. 1907.) 
Jeanne Hachette. TB. (Cay. N.) 
Jeannie. TB. (Den. N.) 
Jennett Dean. TB. (Sturt. 1919.) 
Jenny Lind. Hector. 
Jesef Israels. Dut. 
Jessica. TB. (Hor. N.) 
Jessie McInnes. TB. (Fry. 1919.) 
Jewels and Flowers. Lotus Jewel. 
J. J. Dean. TB. (Dean 1922.) 

JOCASTE. RC. 

JoH. BoBBooM. Dut. (De G.) 
JoH. Vermeer. Dut. (Van T.) 
Johan de Witte and Johan de Worth. 
See Am.vbilis, Brooklyn, and Chalce- 

DONICA. 

Johanna. Eng. 
John Bull. TB. (1906.) 
John Bull. Walter Scott. 
John Ducker. Eng. 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. I T Alic=^synonyins or unapproved names. 



IRIS 



231 



Iris, continued 

John Foster. IB. (Fos. 1913.) 

John Eraser. TB. (1897.) 

John W.Tribolet. MB. (Wmsn.N.) 

JoiCE Resbury. TB. (Per. 1921.) 

JoiE DE l'Oeil. TB. (1858.) 

Jordaens. Tarquin. 

Josef Israels. Dut. (De G.) 

Josephine. DB. (Cap. 1901.) 

JoYA. TB. (Mor. 1922.) 

J. Toorop. Dut. (De G.) 

Judith. TB. (1867.) 

Judith Leyster. Dut. (Van T.) 

Jules Piroi. TB. 

Julia Gresi. St. Clair. 

Julia Marlowe. TB. (ShuU N.) 

Juliette. Amabilis. 

Juliette Wallet. TB. (Cay. N.) 

Julius. Eng. 

Julius Caesar. Hector. 

juncea. Span. Rush I. 

JuNGFRAU. TB. Fair Maid. 

Juniata. TB. (Farr 1909.) 

Juno. Spur. 

Juno. RC. 

JuNON. Jap. (Vilm.) 

Junon. TB. (Vilm. N.) 

junonia. TB. Junonia I. 

JuNONiA I. TB. I. junonia. 

JussiEU. TB. (Den. 1917.) 

Justinian. TB. 

J. Victor. Eng. 

J. Weissenbruch. Dut. (Van T.) 

kaempferi. Jap. Japanese I. 

I. kaempferi, sometimes listed as the 
same as I. laevigata, is distinct from 
that species. 

Kagaribi. Torchlight. 

K AM at A. Jap. 

K ART ABA I. One. I. sofarana mag- 

nifica. 
Kashmir I. TB. I. kashmiriana. 
Kashmir White. TB. (Fos. 1913.) 
kashmiriana. TB. Kashmir I. 
Kastor. TB. (G. & K. 1914.) 
Kathleen. TB. (Barr.) 
Kathryn. Jap. 

Kathryn Fryer. TB. (Fry. 1917.) 
Katrinka. TB. (Sturt. 1919.) 
Kermesina. Ver. (1901.) 



Iris, continued 

Keynpi. TB. 

Kera. TB. (Mor. N.) 

Kestrel. TB. (Mor. 1922.) 

Khamsin. TB. (Mil. 1916.) 

Kharput. TB. Asiatica; Italia. 

Khedive. TB. (1884.) 

Kimi-no-megumi. Sovereign. 

King Christian. IB. (Cap. 1901.) 

King Edward VII. Ruberrima. 

King George V. TB. (Per. 1911.) 

King Humbert. IB. (Cap. 190-1.) 

King of Blues. 

King of Blues. Attraction. 

King of Blues. Count of Nassau. 

King of Iris. Iris King. 

King of Whites. Span. La Gran- 

desse; U Innocence; Queen Emma. 
King of Yellows. Span. Leander. 
Kitty Kingsbury . Boccage. 
Kiwi. TB. (Bliss N.) 
Klondyke. TB. (Vilm. N.) 
Knysna. TB. (Bliss 1917.) 
KocHi. TB. American Black Prince; 

Black Prince; Erebe; Midnight; 

Purple Queen. 
Kochosum. TB. 
Koekkoek. Dut. (Van T.) 
Kokonoiro. Brilliant Colors. 
Kombarin. Jap. 
Komochiguma. Young Bear. 
korolkowi. Reg. Redvein I. 
KoROLKOwi Atropurpurea. Reg. 
Korolkowi Concolor. Reg. 
Korolkowi Leichtliniana, Reg. 
Korolkowi Venosa. Reg. 
Korolkowi Violacea. Reg. 
Kovel. DB. (Den. N.) 
KoYA. TB. (Sturt. 1920.) 
Krelage L Ret. I. reticulata kre- 

lagei. 
Kuma-fungeki or -funjin. Excited 

Bear. 
Kumo-isho. Cloud Dress. 
Kumo-no-isei. Cloudy Moon. 
Kunio-no-ue; Kumo-no-wye. Starry 

Heavens. 
Kumo-no-obi; Kunio-no-ute ; Kunero- 

no-ute. Band of Clouds. 



Small C.\PiTALS=approved common names. Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (t) see page 1. 



232 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Iris, continued 

Kumoma-no-sora. Cloudy Sky. 

Kumoma-no-tsuki. Cloudy Moon. 

Kurdistan. IB. (Dykes 1922.) 

KuRO-KUMO — Dark clouds. Jap. 

Kyodaisan — Brother mountain. Jap. 

VAfricain. Boccage. 

La Beaute. TB. (1914.) 

La Charmante. Span. 

La Favorite. Jap. (Chi.) 

La Grandesse. DB. 

La Grandesse. King of Whites. 

La Majestueuse. Eng. 

La Neige. TB. (Verd. 1912.) 

La Neige. Span. 

La Nuit. TB. (Verd. 1912.) 

La Nuit. Span. 

La Prestigieuse. Gypsy Queen. 

La Reconnaissance. Span. 

La Vallette. TB. 

La Verge. Eng. 

Lactea. Sib. (1876.) 

Lacustris. I. cristata lacustris. 

Lady Byng. TB. (Bhss 1922.) • 

Lady Charles Allom. TB. (Per. 

1921.) 
Lady Foster. TB. (Fos. 1913.) 
Lady Frances. TB. (Before 1859.) 

Lady Franklin. TB. (Before 1859.) 

Lady French. Sib. (Per.) 

Lady Godiva. Sib. 

Lady Grey. TB. (Hor. N.) 

Lady Holland. TB. 

Lady Jane. Miralba. 

Lady Jellicoe. TB. (Per. 1914.) 

Lady Lilford. MB. (Fos.) 

Lady Lou. TB. (Dean 1921.) 

Lady Northcliffe. Sib. (Per.) 

Lady OF June. TB. (Yeld N.) 

Lady Sackville. TB. (Per. N.) 

Lady Seymour. TB. (1854.) 

Lady Stanhope. TB. (1854.) 

Lady Stump. TB. 

laevigata. Laev. Rabbit-ear I. 

The true I. laevigata of botanists is rare 
in cultivation. Most of the plants pass- 
ing under this name are I. kaempferi. 

Laevigata Alba. Laev. 
Laevigata Atropurpurea. Laev. 
Laevigata Semperflorens. Laev. 
Lake I. Ev. I. cristata lacustris. 



Iris, continued 

Lamance I. Hex. I. foliosa. 

Laniartine. Victory. 

Lance. TB. (Hor. 1922.) 

Lancelot. TB. (BUss 1919.) 

Languedoc. TB. (Den. 1913.) 

Laos. RC. 

Lapierre. Hector. 

Laughing Doll. Jap. Warai-hotei; 

Marai-bolri; Waka-hoki. 
Laura. Amabilis. 
Laura E. Sturtevant. TB. (Sturt. 

1920.) 
Laurentinus. TB. 
Lavandulacea. TB. (1884.) Agnes 

Sorrel; Candicans; Dove; Rosamond. 
Lavater. TB. (1884.) 
Lavender Queen. Jap. (Chi.) 
Lavengro. TB. (Bliss 1921.) 
Le Pactole. TB. 
Le Rcve. TB. 

Leander. TB. (BUss 1920.) 
Leander. King of Yellows. 
Lebanon I. One. I. lorteti. 
Leda. TB. (Farr 1909.) 
Leichtlini. I. stolonifera. 
Lemon. TB. (Lmn. 1840.) 
Lemon Queen. Span. 
Lent A. Williamson. TB. (Wmsn. 

1918.) Lieut. A. Williamson. 
Leo Tolstoi. Eng. 
Leonato. TB. (Hor. N.) 
Leone Trenance. TB. (BUss 1922.) 
Leonid as. TB. Yolandie. 
Leopard I. Jun. I. persica steno- 

phylla. 
Leopard. Ignacite. 
Leopold. DB. (Cap. 1901.) Olbien- 

sis Leopold. 
Leopold; Leopoldine. Sambucina. 
Leoto. TB. (Fry. N.) 
Lepinoux. TB. (Mil. 1923.) 
Leseble. TB. (Lmn. 1848.) M. 

Leseble; M. du Sible. 
Lester Lovett. Jap. (Named by 

Lovett.) 
Leucothea. RC. (Van T.) 
Leverrier. TB. (Den. 1917.) 
Lewis Trotv^ridge. TB. (Farr 

1913.) 
Leyland Huckfield. TB. (Fry. 

1919.) 



IRIS 



233 



Iris, continued 

Lib AUDI. TB. (Lmn. 1840.) Lia- 

baud; Libacidi. 
Liberty. TB. (Cay. N.) 
Lido. DB. (Mil. 1907.) La Lido. 
Lieut. A. Williamson. Lent A. 

Williamson. 
Lila. LiLACiNA. 
LiLACiNA. TB. (1841.) Lila. 
Lilacina. Eng. 
Lilacina. Spur. (Fos.) 
L' Innocence. King of Whites. 
U Innocence. White Purple vein L 
Lion Dance. Jap. Shishi-odori , 

Dancing Lion. 
Lionel Millet. TB. (Mil. 1895.) 
Lizzie. TB. 

Lobelia. DB. (Mil. 1907.) 
Lohengrin. TB. (G. & K. 1910.) 
Loie Fuller. Aurea. 
Longfellow. Span. Solfatare. 
longipetala. Long. Coast I. 
Longipetala superba. Mrs. Tait. 
Loppio. TB. (Col. by Fos.) Cengi-^ 

alti Loppio. 
Lord Beacons field. Bosset. 
Lord Grey. TB. (Lmn. 1840.) Miss 

Cornelia. 
Lord Lambourne. TB. (Per. N.) 
Lord Macauley. TB. 
Lord of June. TB. (Yeld 1911.) 
Lord Palmerston. Eng. 
Lord Raglan. Span. 
Lord Roberts. Eng. 
Lord Rosebery. Jacquesiana. 
Lord Rosse. TB. 
Lord Salisbury. TB. 
Lord Seymour. Courcy. 
Lord Wolsely. Spur. (1899.) 
Loreley. TB. (G. & K. about 1909.) 
Lorenzo DE Medici. Eng. 
lorteti. One. Lebanon I. 
Lotus Jewel. Jap. Jewel on Lotus 

Flower; Jewels and Flowers; Magic 

Jewel; Renjo-no-tama. 
Louis Bel. TB. (Den. 1921.) 
Louis de Cerise; Louis de Savisse; 

Louisa. Louise Desavisse. 
Louis Van Houtte. TB. (Lmn. 

1840.) 
Louis Van Meyer. TB. (Dutch.) 



Iris, continued 

Louise. Span. Ne Plus Ultra; 

Sweet Lavender. 
Louise Desavisse. TB. (Lmn. 

1855-58.) Louis de Cerise; Louis 

de Savisse; Louisa. 
LouTE. TB. (Vilm. 1904.) 
Lovelocks. Jap. (Named by Hal.) 
Lowell. TB. (Fry. 1921.) 
Lucrece: Lucretia; Lucretius. Dal- 

MARIUS. 

Lucy. TB. 

LuGARDA. TB. (Sturt. 1918.) 

Luna. RC. (Van T.) 

L'Unique. Eng. 

L' Unique. Span. 

Lupina. I. saari. 

LURIDA. TB. 

Lurida redouteana. Redouteana. 

LuRLiNE. TB. (Bliss 1919.) 

LusiNDA. Eng. 

LusiTANicA. Span. 

LuTEA. DB. (1875.) Pumilalutea. 

LuTEA Maculata. DB. Pumilalutea 

maculata. 
LuTESCENS. DB. Pseudo-pumila. 

LUTESCENS AUREA. DB. 

Lutescens statellae. Statellae. 

Luxor. TB. (Bliss N.) 

Lynette. TB. (Bliss 1921.) 

M. du Sible. Leseble. 

Ma Mie. TB. (Cay. 1906.) 

Mabel B.Taft. TB. (Sturt. N.) 

Machilisea. Mandraliscae. 

Macrantha. Am as. 

Macrocarpa. DB. (Leich. 1888.) 

macrosiphon. Cal. Calif ornica. Tube L 

Maculata. DB. Biflora tnaculata. 

Madcap. TB. 

Madison Cooper. TB. (Fry. 1919.) 

Madonna. TB. 

Mady Carriere. TB. (Mil.) 

Maggie. TB. (Fos. about 1884.) 

Hermoine; Miss Maggie. 
Magic Jewel. Lotus Jewel. 
Magnate. TB. (Sturt. 1918.) 
Magnet. TB. (Lmn. 1840.) 
Magnifica. TB. (Vilm. 1920.) 
Magnifica; Magnifique. TB. (1886.) 

Dr. Bernice. 
Magnificent. TB. (Fry. N.) 
Magot. TB. (Vilm. N.) 



234 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Iris, continued 

Mahogany. Jap. (Named by Hal.) 
Maed-of-the-mist. TB. (Bran. N ) 
MAroENS Blush. TB. (Per. 1913.) 
Maid Marian. TB. 
Majesteux. TB. 
Majestic. TB. (Bliss 1920.) 
Major. TB. (1840.) 
Major. Germanica Major. 
Malmaison. (Hal. about 1885.) 
Maltese. Jap. (Hal. about 1885.) 
Malvina. TB. (Lmn. 1855-58.) 

Bougainville; Eleon; Hokanum; 

Samhucina major; Shakespeare; 

Sir Walter Scott; Walter Scott. 
Manadzurn. White Crane. 
Mandalay. TB. (Sturt. 1918.) 
Mandarin. TB. (Clev. 1920.) 
Mandarin. Jap. 

Mandraliscae. TB. Machilisea. 
Manissadjana. I. saari. 
Manuelita. TB. (Ken. 1923.) 
Manoa. TB. (Bliss N.) 
Manon. TB. 

Maori King. TB. (Ware 1890.) 
Maori Princess. TB. (Shull 1923.) 
Maple Cascade. Jap. Momiji-no- 

taki. 
Marai-botri. Laughing Doll. 
Marc Aurea. TB. (Cay. N.) 
Marcelle Tinayre. TB. (Den 

1912.) 
Marcus. TB. (Per. 1921?) 
Mardin I. TB. I. mesopotamica. 
Maren. TB. (Mor. N.) 
Marenco. TB. (1897.) Marengo. 
Mareschal. TB. (Sturt. 1918.) 
Margaret. DB. (Fos. 1908.) 
Margaret Leahy. TB. (Wing N.) 
Margaret Moor. TB. (Bliss 1918.) 
Margaret Sheriden. TB, (Fry. 

1919.) 
Margery. TB. (Dean 1922.) 
Margery McCord. TB. (Fry. 

1919.) 
Margery Tinley. TB. (Per. N.) 
Marginata. TB. (Den. before 1920.) 
Marguerite Gaudichau. TB. (Mil. 

1912.) 
Marguerite Maron. TB. (Den. N.) 



Iris, continued 

Maria. TB. (Hor. 1920.) 

Maria Cornelia. Eng. 

Maria Milanollo. Mary Minanelle. 

Marioe. I. barnumae mariae. 

Marian Mohr. TB. (Mohr N.) 

Marie. Span. 

Marie Corelli. TB. 

Marigny. TB. (Vilm. N.) 

Marion. TB. 

Marion Cran. TB. (Per. N.) 

Marion Loat. TB. (Loat 1919.) 

Mariposa. TB. (Mohr N.) 

Maritana. TB. (Ware 1895.) 

Marjolin. TB. (Lmn. 1855-58.) 

Margolin. 
Marmora. TB. (1854.) La Mar- 

tnora. 
Marocain. DB. (Mil. 1914.) 
Mars. IB. (Cap. 1901.) 
Mars. Jap. (Hal. about 1885.) 
Mars. RC. (Van T.) 
Mars. TB. (G. & K. 1903.) Marvar. 
Marshmarigold. TB. (Bliss 1919.) 
Marsouin. TB. (Vilm. N.) 
Marvar (A. I. S. name). TB. (G. 

& K. 1903.) Mars. 
Mary. TB. (Ware 189-.) 
Mary Garden. TB. (Farr 1913.) 
Mary Gray. TB. (Farr 1913.) 
Mary I. I. barnumae mariae. 
Mary Minanelle. TB. (1854.) 

Maria Milanollo. 
Mary Orth. TB. (Farr 1920.) 
Mary W^illiamson. TB. (Wmsn. 

1921.) 
Masako Mirror. Jap. Masako- 

kaganii. 
Massasoit. TB. (Farr 1916.) 
Massena. TB. (Cay. N.) 
Massilia. RC. (VanT.) 
Maltde Tribolet. MB. (Wmsn. N.) 
Maurelie. TB. 
Maurice Bevan. Sib. (Per.) 
Mauvine. TB. (Named by Dean 

1919.) 
Mayourneen. TB. (Bliss N.) 
Max Rooses. Eng. 
Maximilian. TB. (Bliss 1921.) 
May Morn. TB. (McK. N.) 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. 77'Ahc=synonyms or unapproved names. 



IRIS 



235 



Iris, continued 

May Rose. TB. (Clev. 1920.) 
Mayflower. TB. (Bliss N.) 
Mazarin. DB. (Cap. 1901.) 
Meale. Neala. 

Medallion. TB. (Sturt. 1917.) 
Medrano. TB. (Vilm. 1920.) 
Medusa. RC. 
Megas. TB. (Den. 1922.) 
Meissonier. TB. 
Melisande. TB. (Clev. 1920.) 
Melodie. TB. (Cay. N.) 
Melpomene. Jap. (Vilm. 1898.) 
Memory. TB. (Yeld 19—.) 
Menetrier. TB. (Den. 1921.) 
Menuet. TB. (Cay. N.) 
Mephistopheles. TB. (Dutch 

1889.) Sambucina Mephistopheles. 
Mercedes. TB. (Verd. 1905.) 
Mercutio. TB. (Hor. 1920.) 

Bianca (Hor. not Mil.) 
Merlin. TB. (Sturt. 1918.) 
mesopotamica. TB. Mardin I. 

In the trade, often confused with I. 
cypriana and with the hort. var. Ricardi. 

Meteor. DB. (Cap. 1901.) 
Mexicana. TB. (Sal. before 1859.) 

Mexicaine; Gold Bound. 
Meyerbeer. TB. 

M. G. Peters. TB. (Fry. 1917.) 
M. Hubert. TB. (Den. 1922.) 
Midas. TB. (Bliss 1920.) 
MiDLEY. Span. 

Midnight. Kochi; Purple King. 
Midwest. TB. (Sass. 1922.) 
Mignon. TB. (Cay. N.) 
Mikado. TB. (Den. 1914.) 
Mikado. Jap. 

Miknonia. TB. (Den. N.) 
Mildred Presby. TB. (Farr N.) 
milesi. Ev. Himalayan I. 
MiLio. RC. 

Milky Way. TB. (Sturt. 1922.) 
Milton. DB. (Cap. 1901.) 
Mimung. TB. (G.&K. 1911.) 
Mina. Span. 

Minerva. TB. (Lmn. 1840.) 
Minerva. MB. (Fos.) 
Minerva. TB. Speciosa, 
Minister Loeff. Span. 



Iris, continued 

Minnehaha. TB. (Farr 1913.) 
Minnesota. TB. (Fry. 1919.) 
Minor Beauty. TB. (Per. 191- ) 
Minos. TB. (Per. 1840.) Minor. 
Mirage. TB. (Fos. 1909.) 
Mirage. Jap. (Named by Hal. about 

1885.) 
MiRALBA. TB. (Lmn. 1848.) Lady 

Jane. 
Miranda. TB. (Hor. 1919.) 
Miranda. Eng. 
Mireille. DB. (Mil. 1911.)" Mi- 

reille B. 
Miriam. TB. (Vilm. 1904.) 
Miss Brough. Beethoven. 
Miss Broughton. TB. (Per. 1921?) 
Miss Cornelia. Lord Grey. 
Miss Eardley. TB. (Per. 1910.) 
Miss Jessop. TB. (Per. 1921s) 
Miss May. Sib. (Hitch.) 
Miss Owen. DB. (Barr 1893.) 

Balceng Miss C. M. Owen. 
Miss Rowe. TB. (Per. 1911.) 
Miss Weld. Eng. 
Miss White. DB. (Barr 1893.) 

Balceng Miss H. M. White. 
Miss Willmott. TB. (Fos. 1910.) 
missouriensis. Long. Tolmeiana. 

Rocky Mountain I. 
Missouriensis Bluebird. Long. 

(And. 1922.) 
Missouriensis Snowbird. Long. 

(And. 1922.) 
Mist. TB. (Fos. 1909.) 
Mistral. DB. (Mil. 1916.) 
Mistress Ford. TB. (Hor. 1921.) 
Mithras. TB. (G. & K. 1910.) 
Mlle. Schwartz. TB. (Den. 1916.) 
Mme.AbelChatenay. TB. (Cay.N.) 
Mme. Almira. TB. (Woolson 1889.) 

Dalmatic A. 
Mme. Baze. TB. (Den. 1918.) 
Mme. Blanche Pion. TB. (Cay. 

1906.) 
Mme. Bories. TB. (Den. 1907.) 
Mme. Boullet. TB. (Den. 1919.) 
Mme. Butterfly. Jap. (Farr 1917.) 
Mme. Butterfly. Butterfly. 
Mme. Chabal. TB. (Mil. 1917.) 



Small CAPiTALS=approved common names. Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (f) see page 1. 



236 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Iris, continued 

Mme. Chauviere. Mme, Jenneaux. 

Mme. Chereau. TB. (Lmn. 1844.) 

Susannah. 
Mme. Cheri. TB. (Sturt. 1918.) 
Mme. Chobaut. TB. (Den. 1916.) 
Mme. Claude Monet. TB. (Den. 

1912.) 
Mme. de Baunne. TB, Mme. de 

Bonne. 
Mme. de Sevigne. TB. (Den. 1916.) 
Mme.deStael. TB. (Before 1921.) 
Mme. Debura. TB. (1859.) 
Mme. Denis. TB. (Den. 1918.) 
Mme. Durrand. TB. (Den. 1912.) 
Mme. Gaudichau. TB. (Mil. N.) 
Mme. Gerard. Eng. 
Mme. Ghysels. Gisele, 
Mme. Guerville. TB. (1860.) 
Mme. Henri Cayeux. TB. (Cay. N.) 
Mme. Hodson. Span. 
Mme. Janiaud. TB. (Cay. N.) 
Mme. Jenneaux. TB. (1860.) 

Mme. Chauviere; Mme. Jouneau; 

Mme. Juineau. 
Mme. Lamouch. TB. (Mil. 1923.) 
Mme. Louesse. TB. (1860.) 
Mme. Masse. TB. (Den. 1923.) 
Mme. Matta. TB. Mme. Maitar. 
Mme. Pacquitte. Pacquita. 
Mme. Paiti. Ossian. 
Mme. Pfifault. Mme. Thibault. 
Mme. Sonntag. TB. 
Mme. Steinchen. MB. (Den. 1913.) 
Mme. Thibault. TB. Thibault; 

Mme. Pfifault. 
Mme. Truffaut. TB. (1860.) 
Mme. Vernoux. TB. (Mil. 1921.) 
Mme. Viesseux. TB. (Per. N.) 
MoA. TB. (Bliss 1919.) 
Modeste GuERiN. TB. (1880.) 
Mohawk. TB. (Farr N.) 
MoHRANGE. MB. (Den. N.) De 

Mohrange. 
MoLiERE. TB. (Vilm. 1920.) 
Momiji-no-taki. Maple Cascade. 
Mon Bijou. Solfatare. 
MoN Tresor. Eng. 
Monarch I. One. I. gatesi. 
MoNARQUE. TB. (Per. 1910.) 
Monastir. TB. (Cay. N.) 
MoNAUREA. Spur. 



Iris, continued 

Monaurea. Spuria Monaurea. 

MoNCEY. TB. (Vilm. N.) 

MoNGUL. DB. (Mil. before 1919.) 
Grand Mongul. 

Monhassan. TB. 

Monica. TB. (Bliss 1921.) 

MoNNiERi. Spur. 

MoNSiGNOR. TB. (Vilm. 1907.) 

MoNSPUR. Spur. (Fos.) 

Monspur Dorothy Foster. Dorothy 
Foster. 

Monspur Premier. Premier. 

Mont Blanc. Eng. 

Montd'Or. TB. 

Montauk. Queen Victoria. 

Monte Baldo. TB. Cengialti Baldo. 

Montezuma. TB. (Farr 1909.) 

MoNTSERRAT. TB. (Mor. 1923.) 

Moonlight. TB. (Sturt. N.) 

Moonlit Waves. Jap. Gekka-no-nami; 
Gold Bound; Moonlight Waves; Silver 
Waters; Waves under Moonlight. 

Moonstone. TB. (Clev. 1920.) 

Moor. TB. (Cap. 1901.) Cengialti 
The Moor. 

Moraea I. I. sisyrinchium. 

Morning Mists. Jap. Asagasumi; 
Usagasumi. 

Morning Moon. Ariake. 

Morning Splendor. TB. (ShuU 1923.) 

Morocco I. Span. I. tingitana. 

MoRPHEE. TB. (Lmn. 1840.) Mor- 
pheus. 

MoRT Sanford. TB. (Fry. 1919.) 

MoRWELL. TB. (Bliss 1917.) 

Mother of Pearl. TB. (Sturt. 
1921.) 

Motley. TB. (Bliss N.) 

Mouche d'Or. Cajanus. 

Mount Penn. TB. (Farr 1909.) 

Mountain Maid. TB. (McK. N.) 

Mourning I. One. I. susiana. 

Mozart. TB. (1854.) 

Mr. Fell. Jap. (Named by Hal.) 
ML Fell. 

Mr. Gladstone. Gladstone; Thor- 

BECKE. 

Mr. Shaw. TB. 

Mr. Veen. Eng. 

Mrs. a. M. Brand. TB. (Fry. 1919.) 

Mrs. Alan Gray. TB. (Fos. 1909.) 



IRIS 



237 



Iris, continued 

Mrs. Andrist. TB. (Fry. 1919.) 
Mrs. Barron. TB. (Before 1912.) 
Mrs. Bevan. Sib. (Per. before 1920.) 
Mrs. Blakely. TB. (Fry. 1919.) 
Mrs. Bossart. TB. (Fry. 1919.) 
Mrs. Charles Wheeler. Chalce- 

DONICA. 

Mrs. Christman. TB. (Fry. 1919.) 
Mrs. Cowley. TB. (Bliss 1920.) 
Mrs. Curtis. TB. (Fry. 1917.) 
Mrs. Dugale. TB. (Per.) Mrs. 

Arthur Dugdale. 
Mrs. Fred Stern. TB. (Per. N.) 
Mrs. Fryer. TB. (Fry. 1917.) 
Mrs. Geo. Darwin. TB. (Fos. 

1895.) 
Mrs. H. G. Lloyd. TB. (Fry. 1918.) 
Mrs. Hagler. DB. (Fry. 1919.) 
Mrs. Haw. TB. (Fry. 1921.) 
Mrs. Hayes. TB. (Fry. 1919.) 
Mrs. Hill. Sib. (Per. before 1920.) 
Mrs. Horace Darwin. TB. (Fosr 

1888.) Camellia (Not Fry.); 

Eytheria. 
Mrs. J. J. Stokes. Spur. (Bran. N.) 
Mrs. J. S. Brand. TB. (Fry. 1919.) 
Mrs. Judd. TB. (Fry. N.) 
Mrs. Kessler. TB. (Per. 1904.) 
Mrs. Kimball. TB. (Fry. 1919.) 
Mrs. Kingscote. TB. (Per. 1911.) 

Hon. Mrs. Kingscote. 
Mrs. Logan. Sib. (Per.) 
Mrs. Luhiter. TB. 
Mrs. McCord. TB. (Fry. 1919.) 
Mrs. Nageli. TB. 
Mrs. Neubronner. TB. (Ware 189-.) 
Mrs. Paul B. Riis. TB. (Riis N.) 
Mrs. Perry. Sib. (Per. 1912.) 
Mrs. Rapp. TB. (Fry. N.) 
Mrs. Reuthe. TB. (Ware 1899.) 
Mrs. Rowe. Sib. (Per.) 
Mrs. R. W. Wallace. TB. (Cay.N.) 
Mrs. Ryder. TB. (Per. 1910.) 
Mrs. Sanford. TB. (Fry. 1919.) 
Mrs. Saunders. Sib. (Per. 1912.) 
Mrs. Smith. TB. (Fry. 191-.) 
Mrs. Tait. Spur. Longipetala su- 

perba. 
Mrs. TiNLEY. TB. (BUss 1920.) 
Mrs. Walter Brewster. TB. 

(Vilm. 1922.) 



Iris, continued 

Mrs. Wedge. TB. (Fry. 1917.) 
Mrs. W. T. Ware. Span. W. T. Ware. 
Mt. Fuji. Jap. Fuji-no-mine; Tuji; 

Tuyi. 
Mt. Hood. Jap. (Named by Hal.) 
MuNico. TB. (Lmn. 1840.) Minico; 

Municara; Munica. 
MuNiTE. TB. (1884.) Flavescens 

M unite. 
MUNTHE. Dut. 

Murat. Proserpine. 
Muscadine. TB. (McK. N.) ' 
MusQUETEER. TB. (Sturt. N.) 
My Lady. TB. (McK. N.) 
Myra. TB. (Bliss N.) 
Mystic TB. (Bliss 1920.) 
Myth. TB. (Sturt. 1918.) 
Nabob. National. 
Nadine. TB. (Fry. 1920.) 
Nancy Orne. TB. (Sturt. 1921.) 
Nashiba. Jap. 

National. TB. (Lmn. 1840.) Nabob. 
Naushon. TB. (Sturt. 1920.) 
Navajo. TB. (Farr 1913.) 
Navarre. Jap. (Hal. about 1885.) 
Navy Blue. Jap. 
Nazarin. MB. (Fos.) 
Neala. TB. (Lmn. 1848.) Meale. 
Nefert. TB. (Fos. 19—.) 
Neglecta. TB. (1835.) 
Negus. DB. (Mil. 1914.) 
Nellie Quinn. TB. (Fry. 1919.) 
Nelly. TB. 

Nelson. TB. (Bliss N.) 
Nemesis. Sambucina. 
Nemours. TB. (Lmn. 1848.) Due 
de Nemours; Duchesse de Nemours. 
Nepalensis. Purple King. 
Nepes. Eng. 

Neptune. TB. (Yeld 1916.) 
Neptune. Jap. (Vilm. 1902.) 
Nereide. Jap. (Vilm. 1900.) 
Nereus. TB. (Yeld 19—.) 
Netted I. Ret. I. reticulata. 
Newton. TB. 

NiBELUNGEN. TB. (G. & K. 1910.) 

Nicola. TB. (Per. 191-.) 
Nightfall. Jap. (Chi.) 
Nigra. TB. (1868.) Nigea; Niva. 
Nikko. Jap. (Farr 1917.) 
Nimbus. TB. (Shuli N.) 



238 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Iris, continued 

NiMROD. Span. 

Nimrod. TB. 

Nina. Jap. (1882.) 

Nine Wells. TB. (Fos. 1909.) 

NiOBE. DB. (Cap. 1901.) 

NiPHETOs. IB. (Cap. 1901.) 

Nirvana. TB. (Sturt. 1918.) 

Nishiki-hotan. Peony Brocade. 

Nishiki-no-shitome. Cushion Bro- 
cade. 

Niva. Nigra. 

NoKOMis. TB. (Farr 1915.) 

Non Plus Ultra. Span. 

Noranea. Jap. 

Norma. Jap. (Chi. 1919.) 

NoTHA. Spur. (1876.) 

NoTHUNG. TB. (G. & K. 1913.) 

Nova Aurea. DB. (H. & S. 1878.) 
Pumila nova aurea. 

Nova Candida. DB. (H. & S. 1878.) 
Pumila nova Candida. 

Nubian. TB. (Sturt. 1921.) 

NuAicaulis. I. aphylla. 

NuDicAULis Purpurea. DB. 

Nuee d'Orage. TB. (Verd. 1905.) 
Storm Cloud. 

Obelisque. DB. (Cap. 1901.) 

Oberon. TB. (Koeh. N.) 

Obi. RC. 

OcHRACEA. TB. (Den. 1919.) Ochra- 
cea caendea. Sunset. 

ochroleuca. Spur. Yellowband I. 

Oddity. DB. (Fry. 1919.) 

Odette Olivet. TB. (Non. N.) 

Odin. TB. (Cap. 1901.) 

Odoratissima. TB. 

Oku-banri. Jap. 

Olandai. Olinda. 

Olbiensis. I. chamaeiris. 

Old Crane. Jap. (1912.) Chitose- 
dzuru. 

Old Ivory. TB. (Sturt. N.) 

Oldenharneweld. Unique. 

Olintda. TB. (1864.) Olandai. 

Oliver Perthuis. TB. (Mil. 1921.) 

Olivia. TB. (Hor. 1920.) 

Olympia. TB. (Vilm. N.) 

Olympia. Span. 

Omega. TB. (Bliss 1919.) 



Iris, continued 

Ondine. Jap. (Hal about 1885.) 

Oni-ga-shima. Jap. 

Onnoris. TB. (Sturt. 1920.) 

Oom Paul. TB. (Dutch.) 

Opal. TB. (Clev. 1920.) 

Opera. TB. (Vilm. 1916.) 

Ophelia. TB. 

Oporto. TB. (Yeld 1911.) 

Orang-outang. Jap. Shojo. 

Orange Queen. DB. (Per. 19~.) 

Orangeman. TB. 

Orchid. TB. (Shull N.) 

orchioides. Jun. Bulb I. 

Orchioides Alba. Jun. 

Orchioides Caerulea. Jun. 

Orchioides Sulphurea. Jun. 

Oregon I. Cal. I. tenax. 

Oriel. DB. (Cap. 1901.) 

Oriental. TB. (Farr 1913.) 

Oriental White. Eng. 

orientalis. Sib. Sanguinea; Sibirica 
sanguinea. 

There is much confusion regarding the 
name I. orientalis. By some botanists 
it is regarded as the proper name for I. 
ochroleuca, but this catalogue follows 
Dykes in maintaining the name I. or- 
ientalis in its ordinary horticultural 
sense. 

Oriflamme. TB. (Vilm. 1904.) 
Oriole. Jap. (Hal. about 1885.) 
Orion. Jap. (Hal. about 1885.) 
Orleans. TB. (Lmn. 1848.) Duch- 

esse d' Orleans; Due d' Orleans. 
Orova; Oroya. Charles Dickens. 
Orpheus. TB. (Lmn. 1840.) Orphee. 
Oscar. Jap. (Named by Hal. about 

1885.) 
Osceola. TB. (Dun. 1921.) 
Osho. Jap. Osho-san. 
Osiris. TB. (Per 190-.) 
Osiris. RC. 
Osis. TB. 

OssiAN. TB. (1868.) Mme. Paiti. 
Othello. TB. (Lmn. 1848.) Berlin; 

Sappho Neglecta. 
Mixed with National. 

Othello. Eng. 

Othello. Jap. (Hal. about 1885.) 

Othello. Span. 

Otorige — Beautiful feather. Jap. 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. /jrAZic=synonyms or unapproved names. 



IRIS 



239 



Iris, continued 

Oudiniana. Indiana. 

Our King. TB. (Den. 1916.) 

Overtones. TB. (McK. N.) 

Oyodo. Jap. 

Pacquita. TB. (Lmn. 1848.) 

Mme. Pacquitte; Pacquit. 
Pageant. TB. (Bliss 1920.) 
Painted Lady. Jap. 
Palace. Jap. Hana-gosho — Palace 

of Flowers. 
Palaurea. TB. (Sturt. 1918.) 
Palestine I, One. I. bismarckiana. 
Palissy. TB. (Jack. 1889.) 
Palladin. TB. (Bliss 1919.) 
Pallas. RC. 
pallida. TB. Sweet I. 
Pallida dalmatica. Dalmatic a. 
Pallida minor. I. cengialti. 
Pallida speciosa. Speciosa. 
Palmyra. TB. (Bliss 1921.) 
Paloma. TB. (Mohr N.) 
Paltec. MB. (Den. N.) 
Pameron. TB. (1906.) 
Pancrace. TB. (1854.) Panchrea; 

Panchurea; Pancraftiiis ; Pancra- 

tius. 
Bancroft. TB. (Mil. 1909.) 
Pandora. TB. (Sturt. 1922.) 
Papillon. TB. (Vilm. N.) 
Paracina. MB. (Fos. 1901.) 
Paradise. TB. (Mor. N.) 
paradoxa. One. Velvet I. 
Paragon. TB. (Wal. 1920.) 
Paragon. Jap. (Hal. about 1885.) 
Parc de Neuilly. TB. (Verd. 1910.) 
Paris. RC. 

Parisiana. TB. (Vilm. 1911.) 
Parisiensis. I. germanica. 
Parkmani. TB. 
Parsam. MB. (Fos. 1905.) 
Parthenope. RC. 
Parvar. MB. (Fos. 1909.) 
Patience. TB. (Fos. 1909.) 
Patrician. TB. (Bliss 1921.) 
Patrocle. Jap. (Vilm. before 1900.) 
Paulina. TB. (Hor. N.) 
Pauline. TB. (Farr 1913.) 
Paulus Potter. Dut. (De G.) 



Iris, continued 

Paxatawny. TB. (Farr 1918.) 
Peace. Jap. Taiheiraku. 
Peachblossom. Jap. (Hal. about 

1885.) Peach Blow. 
Peachblow. TB. (Clev. N.) 
Peacock Eye. Pfauenauge. 
Peau Rouge. TB. (Cav. N.) 
Pecutum. SwERTi. 
Pedro. TB. (Dykes 1922.) 
Peggy Perry. Sib. (Per. 1912.) 
Pendragon. TB. (Bliss 1920.) 
Penelope. TB. (Sal. before 1859.) 

Pentoke. 
Penelope. Eng. 
Peneman. Dut. (Van T.) 
Pence. TB. (Fos. 1913.) 
Pensamiento. TB. (Shull 1923.) 
Pentoke. Penelope. 
Peony Brocade. Jap. Nishiki- 

hotan. 
Perfecta. TB. 
Perfection. TB. (Barr.) 
Perfection. Jap. 
Perle. TB. (Cap. 1901.) 
Perle des Jardins. Eng. 
Peronne. TB. (Den. 1923.) 
Perry Beauty. DB. (Per. 1903.) 

Beauty. 
Perry Blue. Sib. (Per. 1912.) 
Perry Favorite. TB. (Per. 1911.) 
Perry Pigmy. Pigmy. 
Perry Purity. DB. (Per.) Purity. 
Perry White. TB. (Per. N.) 
Persephone. RC. (Van T.) 
Persian I. Jun. I. persica. 
persica. Jun. Persian I. 
persica issica. Jun. Mardinensis. 

ISSIAN I. 

persica purpurea. Jun. Purple 

Persian I. 
persica sieheana. Jun. Haussknechti. 

Plum I. 
persica stenophylla. Jun. Heldreichi. 

Leopard I. 
persica tauri. Jun. Taurian I. 
Perthuis. Oliver Perthuis. 
Peter Barr. TB. (Barr 1901.) 
Peter Pan. Sib. (Per 19—.) 
Petit Daniel. DB. (Mil. 1909.) 



Small CAPiTALS=approved common names. Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (f) see page 1. 



240 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Iris, continued 

Petit Vitry. TB. (Cay. 1906.) 
Petite Amie. DB. (Mil. 1919.) 
Petrel. TB. (Shull. N. 1923.) 
Pfauenauge. TB. (G. & K. 1906 ) 

Peacock Eye. 
Phaeton. TB. (1854.) Phelion; 

Phitan. 
Pharaon. TB. (Lmn. 1840.) 

Pharoan. 
Pharos. Eng. 
Phelion; Phitan. Phaeton. 
PnroiAS. TB. (Lmn. 1840.) 
Phrygian I. I. biliotti. 
Phyllis. TB. (Krel. N.) 
Phyllis Bliss. TB. (Bliss 1919.) 
Picotee. TB. 
Piet Hein. Span. 
Pieter de Hoogh. Dut. (Van T.) 
Pigmy. Sib. (Per. 1912.) Perry 

Pigmy. 
Pink Pearl. TB. (Clev. 1920.) 
Pink Progress. Jap. (Chi. 1919.) 
Pink Progression. TB. (Cham. 

192-.) 
Pioneer. TB. (Bliss 1920.) 
Piquante. TB. (McK. N.) 
Plicata Sappho. TB. Sappho 

Plicaia. 
Plum I. Jun. I. persica sieheana. 
Plume. Jap. (Hal. about 1885.) 
Plumeri. TB. (1888.) 
Plumeri. Speciosa. 
Pluto. RC. 

Pluton. TB. (Lmn. 1840.) 
Pluton. Jap. (Vilm. 1905.) 
Pocahontas. TB. (Farr 1915.) 
PoiLu. TB. (Vilm. N.) 
Poiteau. TB. (Lmn. 1848.) M. 

Poiteau. 

POLAKI. Sib. 

Polaris. TB. (Sturt. 1922.) 
Pollux. TB. (G. & K. 1914.) 
Pollux. RC. (VanT.) 
Polyhymnia. RC. (VanT.) 
Pompey. TB. (Her. N.) 
Pond Point. TB. (Elm.) 
Pont-a-mousson. TB. (Mil. 1919.) 
PONTOS. TB. (Yeld N.) 
Porcelain. TB. (Fos. 1909.) 
Porcelain Sceptre. Jap. (Hal. 
about 1885.) 



Iris, continued 

Porsenna. TB. (Yeld.) 

Portia. TB. (Bliss N.) 

Powhatan. TB. (Farr 1913.) 

Praecox. Filifola. 

Prairie Beauty. DB. (Harrison?) 

Prairie Queen. DB. (Harrison?) 

Premier. Spur. Monspur Premier. 

President. Apollon. 

President Lincoln. Sambucina. 

President Morel. Fries Morel. 

President Thiers. TB. (Dutch 

1888.) 
Prestige. TB. (Sturt. 1918.) 
Priam. Jap. (Vilm.) 
Primier. TB. (Sturt. 1918.) 
Primrose. TB. (Sturt. N. 1923.) 
Prince Charming. TB. (Sturt. N.) 
Prince Heinrich. Span. Xerxes. 
Prince Lohengrin. TB. (Mohr N.) 
Prince Mauritz. Eng. 
Prince of Orange. TB. (1873.) 

Goldfinch. 
Prince of Wales. TB. (Sal. before 

1859.) 
Prince Victor. IB. (Cap. 1901.) 
Princess Beatrice. TB. (Barr.) 

Rev. W. Wilks. 

Mixed with Dalmatica. 

Princess Dagmar. Eng. 
Princess Ida. Span. 
Princess Louise. DB. (Per. 1903.) 
Princess Margaret. Span. 
Princess Mary. TB. (Per. N.) 
Princess of Teck. TB. 
Princess of Wales. I. albicans. 
Princess Osra. TB. (Bliss 1922.) 
Princess Royal. TB. (Smith.) 
Princess Toto. TB. (Bliss 1922.) 
Princess Victoria Louise. TB. (G. & 
K. 1910.) Prinzessin Viktoria Luise. 
Prinz Heinrich. Span. 
Priscilla. TB. (Hall 1923.) 
prismatica. Sib. Cubeseed I. 
Pristesse. Tristesse. 
Prof. Seeliger. TB. (Koeh. N.) 
Progres. TB. (Cay. N.) 
Propendens. TB. (Per.) 
Proserpine. Jap. (Vilm. 1898.) 
Proserpine. Eng. (Wal. 1920.) 
Proserpine. TB. (Lmn. 1848.) Murat. 



IRIS 



241 



Iris, continued 

Prosper Laugier. TB. fVerd 

1914.) 
Prospero. TB. (Yeld 1920.) 
Proteus. TB. (Hor. N.) 
pseudacorus. Laev. Yellowflag I. 
Pseudacorus acoroides. Laev. 

Probably identical with I. pseudacorus. 

Pseudacorus Alba. Laev. 
Pseudacorus Bastardi. Laev. 
Pseudacorus Foliis Variegatis. 

Laev. 
Pseudo-pumila. Lutescens. 
Psyche. RC. (Van T.) 
Psyche. Jap. 
Pulcherrima. Celeste. 
pumila. DB. 

This species is confused with I. chaniae- 
iris in the trade. Probably no true I. 
pumila in cultivation. For varieties not 
found under pumila, see under chamae- 
iris, under Hybrida, under Nova and in 
alphabetical list. 

Pumila Alba. DB. 
Pumila Atroviolacea. DB. 
Pumila Caerulea. Azurea. 
Pumila hybrida varieties. 

See under Hybrida Aurea and in 

alphabetical place. 
Pumila nova, varieties. 

See under Nova and in alphabetical 

place. 

PuRDY I. Cal. I. purdyi. 

purdyi. Cal. Purdy L 

Purity. Jap. (Elm.) 

Purity. Perry Purity. 

Purple AND Gold. TB. (Sturt. 1918.) 

Purple Blush. Purple King. 

Purple Dragon. Jap. Shiunryo — 
Dragon on purple cloud. 

Purple Emperor. Jap. 

Purple King. TB. Atropurpurea; 
Midnight; Nepalensis; Purple 
Blush; Purple Prince; Purple 
Queen; Purpurea; Royal Purple; 
Spectahilis; Striata. 

Purple Lace. TB. (Sturt. 1922.) 

Purple Persian I. I. persica pur- 
purea. 

Purple Prince. Purple King. 

Purple Queen. Eng. 

Purple Queen. Kochi; I. germanica; 
Purple King. 

Purpurascens. Ver. 



Iris, continued 

Purpurea. Purple King. 
PuRPUREo Persica. Jun. 
PuRsiND. Jun. (Van T.) 
PuRsiND Harbing. Jun. (VanT.) 
PursindRuby. Jun. (VanT.) 
Pyramid. Jap. (Named by Hal.) 
Quaker Lady. TB. (Farr 1909.) 
Quakeress. Jap. (Hal. about 1885.) 
Queen (A. I. S. name). TB. (Barr.) 

Queen Mary. 
Queen. DB. (Cap. 1901.) 
Queen Alexandra. TB. (Barr.) 
Queen Caterina. TB. (Sturt. 

1918.) 
Queen Elinor. TB. (Hor. 1921.) 
Queen Emma. King of Whites. 
Queen Emma. TB. 
Queen Emma. Florentina. 
Queen Flavia. IB. (Cap. 1901.) 
Queen Mary. TB. (Per. 1913.) 
Queen Mary. Queen. 
Queen Mary. White Queen. 
Queen of Gypsies. Gypsy Queen. 
Queen of May. TB. (Sal. before 

1859.) Brooksiana; Dr. Parnet; 

Rosy Gem. 
Queen of the Blue. Eng. 
Queen of the Blues. Blue Queen. 
Queen of the Dale. TB. 
Queen of the Netherlands. Queen 

WiLHELMINA. 

Queen Victoria. TB. (Sal. before 

1859.) Montauk. 
Queen Victoria. Speciosa. 
Queen Wilhelmina. Span. Queen 

of the Netherlands. 
Quintine. TB. 

Rabbit-ear I. Laev. I. laevigata. 
Racemosa. TB. (Ware 1884.) 
Rachael. Raphael. 
Rachel Fox. TB. (Jacobs 1920.) 
Rachel Raysch. Dut. (Van T.) 
Racine. TB. (1868.) 
Radiance. TB. (Ware.) 
Raffet. TB. (Vilm. 1920.) 
Rajput. TB. (Sturt. 1922.) Rajah. 
Rakan. TB. (Sturt. 1918.) 
Raleigh. TB. (Bliss 1921.) 
Ramapo. TB. (B. & A. 1917.) 
Rally. TB. (Bliss N.) 



242 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Iris, continued 

Rangoon. TB. (Sturt. 1920.) 
Ranikhet. TB. (Troup 1910.) 
Raphael. TB. (Lmn. 1840.) Ra- 

chael. 
Raphael. Span. 

R. C. Rose. TB. (Fry. 1917.) 
Rebecca. TB. (Lmn. 1840.) 
Rebecca. Hector; Honorabile. 
Reconnaissance. Span. 
Red Admiral. TB. (Bliss 1920.) 
Red Clol-d. TB. (Farr 1913.) 
Red Cross. TB. (Clev. 1920.) 
Red Dragon. Jap. 
Red Fox. Jap. (Hal. about 1885.) 
Red Glory. TB. (Fry. 1920.) 
Red Riding Hood. TB. (Koeh. 

1922.) 
Red Riding Hood. Jap. (Hal. about 

1885.) 
Redbeard I. I. hoogiana. 
Reddish Purple. Wakamurasaki. 
Redouteana. DB. Lurida redou- 

teana. 
Redstart. TB. (Bliss 1921.) 
Red vein I. Reg. I. korolkowi. 
Regale. TB. (McK. N.) 
Regan. TB. (Hor. 1920.) 
Regelio-cyclus. RC. 
Reggie. TB. (Per. 190-.) 
Regina. TB. (1876.) 
reichenbachi. DB. Bosniaca. Balkan 

I. 
Reine des Belges. TB. (Lmn. 

1848.) Roi des Beiges. 
Reine des Beiges. Gisele. 
Reine des Bulgares. Jap. (Vilm.) 
Reine des Fees; Reine des Pays. 

Gypsy Queen. 
Reine des Iris. Iris King. 
Reine Helene. Jap. (Vilm. 1904.) 
Reinette. IB. (Cap. 1901.) 
Rembrandt. Dut. 
Rembrandt. TB. (1902.) 
Remedes. Iris King. 
Renaissance. TB. (Vilm. N.) 
Rene Denis. TB. (Den. N.) 
Renjo-no-tama. Lotus Jewel. 
reticulata. Ret. Netted I. 



Iris, continued 

Reticulata. TB. (Before 1830?) 

Duchess of Wellington. 
Reticulata Alba. TB. (Before 1830.) 
Reticulata Cyanea. Ret. 
Reticulata purpurea. TB. (1830.) 
reticulata krelagei. Ret. Krelage 1. 
Reticulata Pavonia. Ret. 
Reticulata Tuberosa. Ret. 
Rev. S. H. Smith. TB. (Fry. 1917.) 
Rev. W. Wilks. Princess Beatrice. 
Rev. Wurtelle. TB. (Fry. 1917.) 
Reverie. TB. (Sturt. 1920.) 
Rhein Nixe. TB. (C. & K. 1910.) 
Rheingauperle. TB. (G. & K. 

1915, or later.) 
Rheintraube. TB. (G. & K. 1917, 

or later.) 
Rhoda. TB. (Yeld 19—.) 

RiCARDI. TB. 

Mixed with I. cypriana and I. mesopo- 
tamica. 

RiCARDi FoNCE. TB. (Den. 1916.) 
Richard II. TB. (Dykes 1914.) 
Richmond. TB. (Farr N.) 
Riese von Connern. TB. (Mul. 

1910.) 
Rigoletto. Gloriette. 
Ring Dove. TB. (Fos. 1913.) 
Rip. TB. (Cay. N.) 
RivA. TB. (Fos.) 
Robert Burns. TB. (Barr 1885.) 
Robert Burns. Bergi. 
Robert Craig. Jap. (Hal. about 

1885.) 
Robert Wallace. TB. (Per. N.) 
Robin. TB. (Bliss 1919.) 
Rocky. Jap. 
Rocky Mountain I, Long. I. mis- 

souriensis. 
Rodney. TB. (Bliss 1919.) 
Roi des Beiges. Reine des Belges. 
Roi des Iris. Iris King. 
Roland. Rollandiana. 
Rolette. TB. (Bun. about 1900.) 
Roland Holst. Dut. 
Rollandiana. TB. (Lmn. 1840.) 

Roland; Alban Francois. 
Romany. TB. (Bliss 1919.) 
Romeo. TB. (Mil. 1912.) 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. I T Alic^synonyms or unapproved names. 



IRIS 



243 



Iris, continued 

RoMOLA. TB. (Bliss 1920.) 

Roof I. Ev. I. tectorum. 

Rosa Bonheur. Eng. 

RosABELLE. TB. (Yeld 1911.) 

Rosalba. TB. (Bliss 1919.) 

Rosalie. TB. (Cap. 1901.) 

Rosalind. TB. (Bliss 1921.) 

Rosamond. Lavandulacea. 

Rose Madder. TB. (Sturt. 1920.) 

Rose Queen. Laev. 

Rose Salterne. TB. (Bliss 1922.) 

Rose Unique. TB. (Farr 1910.) 

Rosea. Ver. 

rosenbachiana. Jun. Spinster I. 

Rosette. TB. (Sturt. 1921.) 

Roseway. TB. (Bliss 1919.) 

Rosine. DB. (Cap. 1901.) 

Rossini. Eng. 

Rosij Gem. Queen of May. 

Rosy Morn. Jap. 

RoTORUA. TB. (Bliss 1921.) 

RoxANE. TB. (Cay. N.) 

Royal. IB. (Cap. 1901.) 

Royal Blue. Span. 

Royal Purple. DB. 

Royal Purple. TB. Purple King. 

R. R. Smith. TB. (Fry. N.) 

Rubella. Speciosa. 

RuBERRiMA. TB. (1887.) King Ed- 
ward VII; Ruherissima. 

Ruby. TB. (Cap. 1901.) 

Ruhy. AssuERUs. 

Ruby Perry. TB. (Per. 1921?) 

Ruffled Monster. Jap. (Chi. 
1919.) 

Runner I. Reg. I. stolonifera. 

Rupert. DB. (Cap. 1901.) Pumila 
Rupert. 

Rush I. Span. I. juncea. 

Russet. TB. (Bliss N.) 

Russian I. I. ensata. 

Ruth Rand. TB. (Fry. 1917.) 

Rutherford. Attraction. 

saari. One. Lupina; Manissadjana; 
Sari. Sar I. 

Saari nazarensis. I. bismarckiana. 

Sabrina. DB. (Cap. 1901.) 

Sadi Carnot; Saidi Citron. Carnot. 

Saenredam. Dut. (Van T.) 



Iris, continued 

Safrano. TB. (Dykes 1922.) 
Saga. RC. 

SalarJung. TB. (1876.) 
Salona. TB. (ShullN.) 
Salonique. TB. (Cay. N.) 
Samboo. DB. (Per. 1903.) 
Sambucina. TB. (Cult, before 

1823.) Abd-el-Kader; Abel-Kaver; 

Arc-en-ciel; C hereon; Cherlon; 

Gypsy Queen; Leopold; Leopoldine, 

Nemesis; President Lincoln; Virgil. 
Sambucina Beethoven. Beethoven. 
Sambucina Le Vesuve. Vesuve. 
Sambucina Major. Malvina. 
Sambucina Mephistopheles. Mephis- 

TOPHELES. 

Samidare — The early summer rain- 
fall. Jap. 
Samite. TB. (Bliss 1920.) 
Samson. TB. (Lmn. 1840.) 
San Gabriel. TB. (Dean 1921.) 
Sanguinea Cy-Ag. I. orientalis. 
San Lorenzo. Spur. (Bran. N.) 
Sano. Jap. Sano-watashi — Ferry at 

Sano. 
Sans Souci. TB. (1854.) Carloita 
Patti; Charlotte Patty. 
Mixed with Honorabile. 

Santa Rosa. TB. (Mohr N.) 

Santiago. DB. (Mil. 1908.) 

Saphir. RC. 

Sapho. TB. (Lmn. 1840.) 

Sapphire. DB. (Cap. 1901.) 

Sappho. Span. 

Sappho Neglecta. Othello. 

Sappho Plicata. Plicata Sappho. 

Sar I. I. saari. 

Sarabande. TB. (Sturt. 1918.) 

Saracen. TB. (Fos. 1913.) 

Sarah. IB. (Fos. 1908.) 

Saranac. TB. (Bliss 1921.) 

Sardonyx. TB. (Bliss N.) 

Sari. I. saari, 

Sarpedon. TB. (Yeld 1914.) 

Satin Robe. TB. (Wal. N.) 

Saturn. RC. 

Saturn. Jap. (Named by Hal.) 

Saturn. TB. 

Saul. TB. (Den. 1921.) 



Small CAPiXALs^approved common names. Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (t) see page 1. 



244 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Iris, continued 

Savignian. TB. (Mil. 19—.) 
ScALA. TB. (Vilm. N.) 
Sceptre. TB. (1868.) 
Schiller. TB. (1894.) 
SCHNEEKUPPE. DB. (G. & K. 1910.) 
Snow Cup. 

SCHWANHILDE. TB. (G. & K. 1920.) 

Scorpioides. I. alata. 

Scorpion I. Jun. I. alata. 

Sea Gull. Jap. (Hal. about 1885.) 

Seagull. TB. (Farr N.) 

Sea Nymph. TB. (Yeld 1911.) 

Seashore I. Spur. I. spuria. 

Segners. Dut. 

Semele. MB. (Fos. 1915.) 

Seminole. TB. (Farr 1920.) 

Semiramis. TB. (Krel. N.) 

Senarmont. TB. (Den. 1911.) De 
Senarmont. 

Senator Festelin. TB. Senator Fostida. 

Senator Lexow. Jap. (Chi.) 

Senjo-no-hora. Angels Den, 

Sentinel. TB. (Bliss 1920.) 

setosa. Laev. Arctic I. 

Shadow. Jap. (Hal. about 1885.) 

Shakespeare. Malvina. 

Shalimar. TB. (Fos. 1916.) 

Shekinah. TB. (Sturt. 1918.) 

Shelford Chieftain. TB. (Fos. 
1909.) 

Shelford Giant. Spur. (Fos.) 

Shelford Yellow. TB. (Fos. 1909.) 

Shemogo-no-tsaki. Frosty Moon- 
light. 

Sherbert. TB. (Sturt. 1918.) 

Sherwin-Wright. TB. (Koh. 1915.) 

Shichiakwa. Jap. 

Shiga. Jap. Shiga-no-uranami — 
Waves of Lake Shiga. 

Shimoyo-no-tsuki. Frosty Moon- 
light. 

Shippo. Jap. Cloisonne. 

Shirataki. Gold Bound. 

Shiraz. MB. (Fos. 1909.) 

Shirin. MB. (Fos. 1913.) 

Shishi-ikari. Angry Lion. 

Shishi-odori. Lion Dance. 

Shiunryo. Purple Dragon. 

Sho-jo. Orang-Outang. 

Shokko Brocade. Jap. Shokko- 
no-nishiki. 



Iris, continued 

Shomoyo-no-tsuki ; Shumo-no-tsaki. 

Frosty Moonlight. 
Shotsham. TB. (1921.) 
Shrewsbury. TB. (Farr 1916.) 
Shuchu-no-hana — A handful of flow- 
ers. Jap. Shu£hu-kwa. 

Shushan. MB. (Fos. 1913.) 

Siberian I. Sib. I. sibirica. 

Siberienne. TB. (Dutch 1888.) 

sibirica. Sib. Siberian I. 

Sibirica Atropurpurea. Sib. (1876.) 

Sibirica Florepleno. Sib. (1876.) 

Sibirica sanguinea. I. orientalis. 

SmoNiE. DB. (Cap. 1901.) 

SiLVA. TB. (Den. 1911.) 

Silver King. Florentine I. 

Silver Mist. TB. (Dykes 192L) 

Silver Stars. Jap. 

Silver Waters. Gold Bound. 

Silverado. TB. (MohrN.) 

Silvia. TB. (Hor. N.) 

SiLvius. TB. (Hor. N.) 

SiMMONE Waissiere. TB. (Mil. N.) 

Simon. Eng. 

Simplicity. TB. (McK. N. 1923.) 

Sincerity. TB. (Yeld 1911.) 

SiNDJAREiCHi. Jun. (Van T.) 

sindjarensis. Jun. Aleppo L 

Sindjarensis assyriaca. Assyrian. 

SiNDJKHAT. TB. (Sturt. 1918.) 

SiNDPERS. Jun. (Van T.) 

SiNDPUR. Jun. (Van T.) 

SiNDPUR Amethyste. Juu. (Van T.) 

SiNTRAM. TB. (Bliss 1920.) 

Sioux MAroEN. TB. (Bral. N.) 

Sir Dighton Probyn. MB. (Fos. 19—.) 

Sir Galahad. TB. (Shull N.) 

Sir George Grey. TB. (Bliss 1919.) 

Sir Hugh Evans. TB. (Hor. 1922.) 

Sir Robert Peel. Attraction. 

Sir Trevor Lawrence. MB. (Fos. 
1905.) 

Sir Walter Scott. Malvina. 

Sirdar. TB. (Cap. 1901.) Sirdir. 

Sirona. RC. (VanT.) 

sisyrinchium. Moraea I. 

SivAs. TB. 

Sky Blue. TB. (Wet. N.) 

Slender I. Ev. I. gracilipes. 

Snow Bound. Jap. (Chi.) 



IRIS 



245 



Iris, continued 

Snow Queen. Sib. (Barr about 

1900.) 
Snowball. DB. (Cap. 1901.) 
Snowball. Blanche Fleur. 

SnOWCWp. SCHNEEKUPPE. 

Snowdon. Span. 

Snowflake. Spur. 

Snow flake. Eng. 

Socrates. DB. Olbiensis Socrates. 

Socriatare. Solfatare, 

SoFAR I. One. I. sofarana. 

sofarana. One. Sofar I. 

sofarana magnifica. One. Kartaba I. 

Sofu-no-koi. Affection. 

SoLANA. TB. (ShullN.) 

Soledad. TB. (MohrN.) 

Solfatare. Span. Cornflower; 
Heavenly Blue; Longfellow; Mon 
Bijou. 

Solfatare. TB. (Verd.) 

SoLiEL d'Or. Span. 

Somercoates. TB. (Fos. 1919.) 

SoMORRiN. TB. (Mor. 1923.) 

Sophia Joffe. Span. 

SouBRETTE. TB. (Clev. N.) 

Souvenir. Jap. (Hal. about 1885.) 

Souvenir. Chenedolle. 

Souv. de Delagrange. Delagrange. 

Souv. DE Mme. Gaudichau. TB. 
(Mil. 1914.) 

Souv. d' line Amie. Amie. « 

Sovereign. Jap. Kimi-no-megumi 
— Favor of the sovereign. 

Spahi. TB. (Vnm. N.) 

Spanish I. Span. I. xiphium. 

Sparta. TB. (Probably Sal. 1868.) 

Speciosa. TB. (Old French variety 
before 1830.) Atropurpurea; Jac- 
queminot; Minerva; Pallida speci- 
osa; Plumeri; Queen Victoria; 
Rubella. 

Speciosa. Eng. 

Spectabilis. I. xiphium. 

The name I. spectabilis has been mis- 
applied to I. germanica. 

Spectabilis. Span. 
Spectabilis. TB. (Lmn. 1840.) 
Spectabilis. Purple King; I. ger- 
manica. 
Speed. TB. (Hor. 1922.) 
Speedwell. TB. (Bliss 1919.) 



Iris, continued 

Sperling. TB. 

Sphinx. Eng. 

Spinster I. Jun. I. rosenbachiana. 

Splendour. TB. (Sturt. 1921.) 

Spotted Beauty. Jap. (Hal. about 

1885.) 
Spotted Beauty. TB. 
spuria. Spur. Seashore I. 
Spuria Alba. Spur. 
Spuria Aurea. Spur. (Intro, into 

Eng. 1847.) Aurea. 
Spuria Caerulea. Spur. Gulden- 

staedtiana caerulea. 
Spuria Foliis Variegatis. Spur. 

Foliis variegatis. 
Squalens. TB. (Cult, before 1790.) 
St. Clair. TB. (1854.) Comte de 

St. Clair; Julia Gresi. 
Stamboul. TB. (Fos. 1916.) 
Standard. DB. (Per. 1903.) Blue 

Standard. 
Standard Bearer. TB. (Ware 

1904.) 
Stanley. TB. (Dun. 1921.) 
Stanley H. White. TB. (Sturt. 

1919.) 
Starry Heavens. Jap. Kumo-no- 

ue — Above the cloud; Kumo-no- 

wye; Sunny Skies. 
Statellae. DB. (Probably natural 

hybrid.) Lutescens Statellae. 
Steepway. TB. (Scott 1922.) 
Stellata. Span. 
Stenophylla. TB. 
Stewart. DB. (Cap. 1901.) 
Still Grey Waters. Gold Bound. 
stolonifera. Reg. Leichtlini; Vaga. 

Runner I. 
Stool I. DB. I. aphylla. 
Storm Cloud. Nuee d'Orage. 
Storm King. Swerti. 
Striata. Purple King. 
Stump. Aurea. 
Slylosa. I. unguicularis. 
Sudan. TB. (Bliss 1921.) 
Suffren. TB. (Bliss 1919.) 
Sulphurea. Spur. (G. & K. 19 — .) 
Sultan. Eng. 
SuLTANE. TB. (Lmn. 1840.) Bertha 

Sacavin; Lavinee. 



246 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Iris, continued 

SuLPHUREA Pallida. DB. (Barr 

1889.) Pumila sulphnrea pallida. 
Sumatra. TB. (1914.) 
SuMiDA. Jap. Sumida-gnwa — 

Sumida River. 
Sunny Skies. Starry Heavens. 
SuNNYBROOK. Sib. (Clev. 1920.) 
Sunrise. IB. (G. & K.? 1920.) 
Sunset. TB. (Bliss N.) 
Sunset. Span. 

Sunshine. TB. (Yeld 1911.) 
Superb A. Sib. 

SuPERioRRis. TB. (Trax. 1922.) 
SuRBiTON. Span. 
Susan Bliss. TB. (Bliss 1922.) 
Surprise. Brooklyn. 
Susanna Maria. Eng. 
Susannah. Mme. Chereau. 
susiana. One. Mourning I. 
Susquehanna. TB. (Farr N.) 
Suzanne AuTissiER. TB. (Den. 1923.) 
Suzanne Cayeux. TB. (Cay. N.) 
Suzon. TB. (Mil. 1921.) 
SwATARA. TB. (Farr 1918.) 
Swazi. TB. (Bliss 1922.) 
Swebiton. Cajanus. 
Sweet I. TB. I. pallida. 
Sweet Lavender. TB. (Bliss 1919.) 
Sweet Lavender. Span. 
Sweetheart. Span. 
Sweetheart. TB. (1919.) 
Swerti. TB. (Figured in Swerts 

Florilegium 1612.) Fragrans; Pecu- 

tum; Storm King. 

Sometimes wrongly called I. aphylla, the 
name of another Iris. 

Sword Dance. Jap. Tsurugi-no-mai. 

Sybil. TB. 

Sylphide. TB. (Lmn. 1848.) 

Sylvan Nymph. Sib. (Harrison?) 

Sylvester. TB. 

Sympathy. TB. (Ware 1904.) 

Syphax. TB. (Bliss 1917.) 

Syrian I. Ret. I. histrio. 

Taffeta. TB. (Clev. 1920.) 

Tahoe. Jap. (Hal. about 1885.) 

Taiheiraku. Peace. 

Taj Mahal. TB. (Sturt. 1921.) 



Iris, continued 

Tamaka Muiri. Jap. (Farr 1917.) 
Tamar. TB. (Bliss 1920.) 
Tamerlan. TB. (Vilin. 1904.) 
Taurian I. Jun. I. persica tauri. 
Templeton. Jap. (Hal. about 1885.) 
Tangiers. TB. (Sturt. 1920.) 
Tante Aurora. TB. (1854.) Ma 

Tanie Aurora. 
Tarquin. TB. (Lmn. 1840.) Jor- 

daens; Telegraph. 
Tartarin. TB. (Bliss 1919.) 
Taurian I. I. persica tauri. 
tectorum. Ev. Fimbriata; Tomiolopha. 

Roof I. 
Tectorum Album. Ev. 
Tectorum Lilacinum. Ev. 
Tectorum Major. Ev. 
Tecumseh. TB. (Farr 1910.) 
Telegraph. Tarquin. 
Telemaque. TB. (Lmn. 1840.) 

Telemachus; Telemon. 
tenax. Cal. Oregon I. 
Tendresse. TB. (1854.) La Tendre, 

La Tendresse. 
Tendresse. Span. 
Tenebrae. TB. (Bliss 1922.) 
Teresita. Theresita. 
Terpsichore. RC. (Van T.) 
Tessa. TB. (Bliss N.) ^ 

Th. de Bock. Dut. (De G.) 
Thackeray. Eng. 
Thalia. Sib. (1881.) 
Thalia. RC. 

The Dove. MB. (Fos. 1909.) 
The Moor. Span. 
The Scream. TB. (Sturt. 1920.) 
Thea. RC. 

Thelma Perry. TB. (Per. 1913.) 
Theresa. Span. 

Theresita. (Lmn. 1840.) Teresita. 
Theseus. TB. (Hor. N.) 
Thetis. RC. 

Thibault. Mme. Thibault. 
Thomas Kingscote. Sib. (Per. 

before 1920.) 
Thora. TB. (G. & K. 1910.) 
Thorbecke. TB. (Before 1897.) 

Forbach; Victory; Mr. Gladstone. 
Thunderbolt. Span. Gold Cup. 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. /rAZic=synonyms or unapproved names. 



IRIS 



247 



Iris, continued 

Thundercloud. TB. (Sturt. 1921.) 

Thunderstorm. Jap. 

Tiger Dance. Jap. Dancing Tiger, 
Tora-odori. 

Timandra. TB. (Hor. N.) 

TiNEAE. TB. Tineai; Tinea. 

tingitana. Span. Morocco I, 

TiNTALLioN. TB. (Sturt. 1921.) 

Titan. TB. (Bliss 1919.) 

Titus. TB. (Per. 1921?) 

Toga. TB. (Bliss N.) 

Tokyo. Jap. 

Toledo. Jap. (Chi.) 

Tollong. Long. 

Tolmeiana. I. missouriensis. 

Tom Cook. TB. 

Tom Tit. TB. (Bliss 1919.) 

Tomiolopha. I. tectorum. 

Topaz. TB. (Lmn. 1848.) Topal. 

Topaz. Jap. (Hal. about 1885.) 

Tops2j. DB. (Per.) 

Tora-odori. Tiger Dance. 

Torchlight. J^p. Kagaribi; Hag- 

aribi. 
Toreador. TB. (Clev. 1920.) 
Tortoise. Jap. (Hal.) 
ToussAiNT. TB. Toussaint V Ouver- 

ture. 
TowAco. TB. (B. & A. 1917.) 
Trautlieb. TB. (G. & K. 1899j 

Fraulieb. 
Tregastel. TB. (Mil. 19—.) 
Trianon. TB. (Vilm. 1921.) 
Trinculo. TB. (Hor. N.) 
Tringlot. TB. (Vilm. N.) 
TRiNmAD. TB. (Den. 1911.) 
Tristesse. TB. Fristosse; La 

Tristesse; Pristesse. 
Tristram. TB. (Bliss 1919.) 
Triumph. Jap. 
Triumph. Eng. 
Trocelestial (A. I. S. name.) TB. 

Trojana Celestial. 
Trojan I. I. trojana. 
trojana. TB. Trojan I. 

In the trade often confused with I. 
cjTjriana. 

Tromagnifica (A. I. S. name). TB 
Trojana magnifica. 



Iris, continued 

Troost. TB. (Den. 1908.) 

Trosuperba (A. I. S. name). TB. 
Trojana Siiperba. 

Troubadour. TB. (Mor. N.) 

Trouvaille. TB. (Cay. N.) 

True Blue. Sib. (Fry. 1919.) 

True Charm. TB. (Sturt. 1920.) 

True Delight. TB. (Sturt. N.) 
T. S. Ware. Jap. (Named by Hal.) 
Tsuru-no-kegoromo. Crane Feath- 
ers. 

Tsurugi-no-niai. Sword Dance". 

Tube I. Cal. I. macrosiphon. 

Tuji. Mt. Fuji. 

TuNisiE. TB. (Mil. 19—.) 

Turban. Jap. (Hal. about 1885.) 

TuRco. TB. (Vilm. 1921.) 

Turkestan I. MB. I. bloudowi. 

Turkoman. (Dykes.) 

TuRQuois. TB. (Dun. 1921.) 

Tuscany. TB. (Fos. 1920.) 

Twilight. Crepuscule. 

Twin Larches. TB. (Thom. 1922.) 

Tyrian. TB. (Sturt. 1922.) 

Tyrolean I. TB. I. cengialti. 

UcHiwA— Flat round fan. Jap. 

Uji-no-hotaru. Firefly. 

Ulysses. TB. (Lmn. 1840.) 

Umbro. TB. (Yeld 1911.) 

Una. RC. (Van T.) 

Undine. TB. (Koeh. 1922.) 

Ungarica. TB. 

unguicularis. Cretensis; Stijlosa. Al- 
gerian I. 

Unguicularis Alba. 

Unique. TB. (Lmn. 1840.) V 
Unique ; Oldenbarneweld. 

Urania. RC. 

Uranus. DB. (Cap. 1901.) 

Urmicata. MB. (Den. N.) 

Ursula. TB. (Hor. 1921.) 

Usagasumi. Morning Mists. 

Ute Chief. TB. (Farr 1920.) 

Vaga. I. stolonifera. 

Vainqueur. Eng. 

Valery Mayet. TB. (Den. 1912.) 
Deuil de Valery Mayet. 

Valkyrie. TB. (Sturt. 1919.) 

Vallant. Dut. 



Small CAPiTALS=approved common names. Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (t) see page 1. 



248 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Iris, continued 

Van Beyeren, Dut. (Van T.) 

VandeVelde, Dut. (VanT.) 

VanderHelst. Dut. (DeG.) 

Van der Neer. Dut. (De G.) 

Van der Neer. Span. (Van T.) 

VandeVenne. Dut. 

Van Everdingen. Dut. (Van T.) 

VanEyck. Dut. (VanT.) 

Van Geerti. TB. (Lmn. before 
1858.) 

Van Mieris. Dut. 

Van Steen. Dut. 

Vanessa. TB. (Bliss 1922.) 

Vardar. TB. (Cay. N.) 

variegata. TB. Hungarian I. 

Variegata alba. Innocenza. 

Variegata de Berghi. Bergi. 

Variegata Minor. TB. 

vartani. Ret. Christmas I. 

Vauguelin. TB. 

Veloute. TB. (Vilm. N.) 

Velvet I. One. I. paradoxa. 

Velvet Gem. Jap. (Hal. about 
1885.) 

Velveteen. Hector. 

Venus. TB. (Sal.) 

Venus. Jap. (Named by Hal.) 

Venusta. TB. (Sal. 1868.) 

Verbena. TB. (Yeld 19—.) 

Verdun. DB. (Mil. 1916.) 

vema. Vernal I. 

Vernal I. I. verna. 

versicolor. Ver. Virginiana; Vir- 
ginica. Blueflag I. 

Vesper I. I. dichotoma. 

Vesta. Jap. (Hal. about 1885.) 

Vestal. DB. (Cap. 1901.) 

Vesuve. TB. (Lmn. 1858.) Le 
Vesuve; Samhucina Le Vesuve. 

Vesuvius. Span. 

Viceroy. Eng. 

VicToiRE. TB. (Vilm. N.) 

Victoire Lemon. Victorine. 

Victor. Jap. (Hal. about 1885.) 

Victor Hugo. TB. (1887.) 

Victorine. TB. (Lmn. 1840.) 
Vidonne; Elegans; Gladstone; Vic- 
toire Lemon. 

Victory. TB. (1859.) Lamartine. 

Mixed with Tliorbecke. 

Victory. Thorbecke. 



Iris, continued 

VieilOr. TB. (Den. 1919.) 

ViERGE Marie. TB. (1863.) 

Viking. TB. (Bliss 1919.) 

Villareal. TB. (Mil. 1910.) 

Vincentio. TB. (Hor. 1921.) 

Viola. TB. (Fos. 1913.) 

Violacea. Sib. (Mil. 1921.) 

Violacea. I. germanica. 

Violacea Grant)iflora. TB. (1860.) 

Violet Cap. Jap. (Hal. about 1885.) 

Violet Queen. TB. 

Violetta. TB. (Dykes 1921.) 

Virgil. Sambucina. 

ViRGiLE. TB. (Lmn. 1840.) 

ViRGiLiA. TB. (Hor. 1921.) 

Virgin; Virginal; Virginia; Virginica, 
Virginite. Virginie. 

Virginia Hale. TB. (Bral. N.) 

Virginia Moore. TB. (Shull 1921.) 

Virginia Pfeiffer. TB. (Frv. 
1921.) 

Virginiana. I. versicolor. 

Virginia. TB. (Lmn. 1858.) Virgin, 
Virginal; Virginia; Virginica; Vir- 
ginite. 

Virginica. I. versicolor. 

Virgo. DB. (Cap. 1901.) 

Volumnia. TB. (Hor. N.) 

Volunteer. Eng. 

Von Humboldt. Span. 

Von Humboldt. Dut. 

Vondel. TB. Fondel. 

Vulcan. MB. (Fos. 1905.) 

Vulgaris. I. germanica. 

Waines. TB. (1914.) 

Wagner. TB. (1912.) 

Waka-hoki. Laughing Doll. 

Wakamurasaki. Jap. Reddish Pur- 
ple. 

Walhalla. IB. (G. & K. 1908.) 

Wally Moes. Dut. 

Walneri. TB. (Sal. before 1855.) 

Walneriana. TB. (Lmn. 1840.) 
Halleriana. 

Walter Reuthe. TB. (Ware 1906.) 

Walter Scott. TB. (Lmn. before 
1858.) John Bull. 
See also Malvina. 



IRIS 



249 



Iris, continued 

Wanaque. TB. (B. & A. 1917.) 
Waneta. TB. (Dun. 1921.) 
Warai-hotei. Laughing Doll. 
Warrior. TB. (Sturt. 1922.) 
Wase-banri. Jap. 
Wasioja. Sib. (Fry. before 1921.) 
Watson I. Cal. I. douglasiana wat- 

soniana. 
Watsoniana. I. douglasiana watsoni- 

ana. 
Wawayanda. TB. (B. & A. 1917.) 
Wedding Gown. TB. (Craw. N.) 
Weequahic. TB. (B. & A. 1917.) 
W. F. Christman. TB. (Fry. 1917.) 
Whiffenpoof. TB. (Sturt. 1917.) 
Whim. TB. (McK. 1923.) 
White Bird Feathers. Crane 

Feathers. 
White Crane. Jap. Manadzuru — 

White-naped crane. 
White Knight. TB. (Saun. 1916.) 
White Nymph. TB. (McK. N.) 
White Queen. TB. (Gey. 1918.) 

Queen Mary. 
White Queen. Eng. 
White Waterfall. Gold Bound. 
White Wings. Jap. 
White-edge I. Jun. I. caerulea. 
Wigan. DB. (Mil.) 
Wild Rose. TB. (Sturt. 1921.) 
Will Carey. TB. (Bliss N.) 
William the First. Chrysolora. 
William III. Am as. 
William Logan. Sib. (Per. before 

1921.) 
William Marshall. TB. (Per. 

1913.) 
William Tell. Jap. (Hal. about 

1885.) 
William Tell. Am as. 
William Wallace. Cameleon. 
Willie Barr. TB. (Barr 1876.) 
Willmott I. Jun. I. willmottiana. 
willmottiana. Jun. Willmott I. 
WiLLouGHBY. TB. (Hor. N.) 
Wilson I. Sib. I. wilsoni. 
wilsoni. Sib. Wilson I. 
Windham. TB. (Farr 1909.) 
Winnie Davis. TB. (Farr N.) 



Iris, continued 

W. J. Fryer. TB. (Fry. 1917.) 

Wouverman. Span. 

W. T. Ware. Span. Mrs. W. T. 

Ware. 
Wyoming. TB. (B. & A. 1917.) 
Wyomissing. TB. (Farr 1909.) 
Xerxes. Span. Prince Heinrich. 
xiphioides. Eng. Anglica. English L 
xiphium. Span. Hispanica; Spec- 

tabilis. Spanish I. 
Xiphium. hyhridum. Dutch. 
Yamato Brocade. Jap. Yamato- 

nishiki. 
Yedo Pride. Jap. Yedo-jiman — 

Pride of Yedo. 
Yeld Purity. TB. (Yeld N.) 
Yellow Bulb I. Jun. Orchioides 

sulphur ea. 
Yellow Hammer. IB. (Den. 1921.) 
Yellow Moon. TB. (Sturt. N. 

1923.) 
Yellow Perfection. Span. 
Yellow Perfection. Aurea. 
Yellowband I. I. ochroleuca. 
Yellowbeard I. Span, I. boissieri. 
Yellowflag I, Laev. I. pseudacorus 
Yellowstone. TB. (Hall 1923.) 
Yemen I. TB. I. albicans. 
Yeoman. TB. (Bliss 1922.) 
Yezo. Jap. 
Yezo Brocade. Jap. Yezo-nishiki. 

YOCASTE. RC. 

Yokohama. Jap. 
Yolandie. Leonidas. 
Yomo-no-umi. Boundless Sea. 
Yomo-zakura. Cherryblossom. 
YoRiTOMO. Jap. (Farr 1917.) 
York. TB. (Lmn. 1840.) Due de 

York; Duke of York. 
YosHiNO. Jap. 
Young Bear. Jap. Komochiguma — 

A bear with young. 
YOUNTAKAH. TB. (B. & A. 1917.) 
Yunnan I. Sib. I. forresti. 
Yvonne Pelletier. TB. (Mil. 

1916.) Mile. Yvonne Pelletier. 
Zama Forest. Jap. Zama-no-mori. 
Zanardelle. TB. 
Zanzibar. DB. (Sturt. 1918.) 
Zenobia. Jap. (Hal. about 1885.) 



250 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Iris, continued 

Zephyr. TB. Cengialti Zephyr. 
Zouave. TB. (Vilm. 1922.) 
ZuA. TB. (Craw. 1914.) 
ZuLLiCHAu. DB. (Mil. 19—.) 
Zulu. TB. (Bliss 1920.) 
ZuMBRO. TB. (Fry. 1920.) 
ZwANENBURG. MB. (Den. 1909 or 
1912.) 

Iris IMoraea . . Moraea iridioides 

Irish Juniper, Irish Yew, etc. See 
Juniper, Yew, etc. 

Irisleaf Buglelily 

Watsonia iridifolia 

Ironbark 
Broadleaf I. 

Eucalyptus siderophloia 

Narrowleaf I E. crebra 

Pink I. Hort. var. of E. leucoxylon 
Purple I. (Eucalyptus leucoxylon 
purpurea] Cy) 

Red I E. sideroxylon 

Rose I. {E. s. rosea\ Cy) 

White I E. leucoxylon 

Irontree Metrosideros 

Ironweed Vemonia 

Baldwin I V. baldwini 

Bur I V. crinita 

Common I. . . V. noveboracensis 

Tall I V. altissima 

Western I V. fasciculata 

Ironwood 

White-ironwood 

Toddalia lanceolata 

Ironwood 

Hophornbeam: Ostrya virginiana 

ISMENE . . HYMENOCALLIS 

ISOLEPIS SCIRPUS 

ISOPYRUM 
bitematum 

Issiax Iris . . . Iris persica issica 

Italian Alder, Italian Aster, etc 
See Alder, Aster, etc. 

ITEA Sweetspire 

virginica Sweetspire 

Ivy Hedera 

Algerian I. . . H. canariensis 
Boston I. . . . Japanese Creep- 
er: Ampelopsis tricuspidata 

BOLD-face=approved scientific names. 



Ivy, continued 

Bunchleaf English I. {Hedera 

helix conglomerata] Cy) 
Bush English I. [H. h. arhor- 

escens'f Cy) 
Caen wood I. Hort. var. of H. helix 
Colchis I. . . . Hedera colchica 

English I H. helix 

Giant English I. Hort. var. of H. 

Iielix. 
Grount)-ivy . . Nepeta hederacea 
Handleaf English I. {Hedera 

helix palmata] CjO 
Japanese I. . . Japanese Creep- 
er: Ampelopsis tricuspidata 
Leopard English I. {Hedera helix 

maciilata-\ Cy) 
Silver Queen I. Hort. var. of 

Hedera. 
Spotted Giant I. Hort. var. of 

H. heUx. 
Variegated English I. Hort. var. 

of H. helix. 
Yellowedge Algerian I. {H. 

canariensis variegata\ Cy) 
Ivy Groundsel, Ivy Starglory, etc. 

See Groundsel, Starglory, etc. 
[VY-ARUM .... Scindapsus pictus 

Silver I. {S. p. argyraeus] Cy) 
Ivy-gourd . . . Coccinia cordifolia 
IvYLEAF Morning-glory, Ivyleaf 

Geranium, etc. See Morning- 
glory, Geranium, etc. 
IXIA IxiA 

The name of this genus under the Ameri- 
can Rules is Hyalis. 

columellaris .... Pillar Ixia 

maculata Spotted I. 

speciosa {crateroides) Crimsoncup I. 

IXORA IxoRA 

amboinica Flame I. 

chinensis Chinese I. 

coccinea {colei; dixiana; fraseri) 

Scarlet I. 

javanica Coral I. 

parvifiora White I. 

Jaburan . . . Ophiopogon jaburan 
GoLDSTRiPE J. Hort. var. of O. 
jaburan. 



I T Alic^synonyn\s or unapproved names. 



JACARANDA— JERUSALEM 



251 



JACARANDA Jacaranda 

ovalifolia (/. mimosaefolia Ag) 

Green-ebony 
Jack Crab, Jack Pine, etc. See 

Crab, Pine, etc. 
Jackfrost Forget-me-not (Myosotis 

dissitiflora elegantissima] Cy) 
Jackfruit . . Artocarpus integrif olia 
Jack-in-the-pulpit 

Arisaema triphyllum 
Jackman Clematis 

Clematis jackmani 
Jackson Yew (Taxus baccata jack- 
somf Cy) 

JACOBAEA SENECIO 

Jacobaean-lily St. James- 
lily : Sprekelia f ormosissima 

JACOBINIA Jacobinia 

camea {magnifica) 

coccinea Scarlet J. 

pauciflora {Libonia floribunda) 

Jacobs-rod Asphodeline 

Common J A. lutea' 

JACQUEMONTIA 
pentantha 

Jaffa Iris Iris grantdufii 

Jamaica Goldfern, Jamaica Thatch 
Palm, etc. See Goldfern, Palm, 
etc. 
Jambolan-plum . Eugenia jambolana 
JAMESIA 

americana {Edwinia mnericayia Ag) 
Japanese Anemone, Japanese Apri- 
cot, etc. See Anemone, Apricot, 
etc. 

Jasmine Jasminum 

Arabian J J. sambac 

Azores J J. azoricum 

Cape-jasmine . . Gardenia florida 
Chile-jasmine 

Mandevilla suaveolens 
Common White J. 

Jasminum officinale 
Confederate-jasmine 

Trachelospermum jasminoides 
Crape-jasmine 

Tabernaemontana species 
Furry J. . Jasminum pubescens 
Grand Duke J. Hort. var. of J 
sambac. 



I Jasmine, continued 

Italian J. . . Jasminum humile 

Nightjasmine 

Nyctanthes arbor-tristis 

Orange-jasmine . Chalcas exotica 

Primrose J. Jasminum primulinum 

Privet J J. rigidum 

Rosy J J. beesianum 

Slender J. . . . J. gracillimum 

Spanish J. ... J. grandiflorum 

Starjasmine . Trachelospermum 

Winter J. . Jasminum nudiflorum 
Jasmine Nightshade 

Solanum jasminoides 
JASMINUM Jasmine 

azoricum Azores J. 

beesianum Rosy J. 

fruticans 

gracillimum Slender J. 

grandiflorum .... Spanish J. 

humile {revolutum) . . Italian J. 

ligustrifolium .... J. rigidum 

nitidum 

nudiflorum . . Winter Jasmine 

officinale . . . Common White J. 

primulinum .... Primrose J. 

pubescens Furry J. 

revolutum J. himiile 

rigidum {ligustrifolium) 

Privet Jasmine 

sambac Arabian J. 

Hort. var. of Jasminum: 

Grand Duke Jasmine. Hort. var. 
of J. sambac. 
Java Fan Palm, Java Sumac, etc. 
See Palm, Sumac, etc. 

JEFFERSONIA .... Twinleaf 

diphylla Twinleaf 

Jeffrey Pine, Jeffrey Shooting- 
star, etc. See Pine, Shooting- 
star, etc. 
Jenny Stonecrop . Sedum reflexum 
Jersey-tea . Ceanothus americanus 

Inland J C. ovatus 

Jerusalem- artichoke 

Helianthus tuberosus 
Jerusalem-cherry 

Solanum pseudocapsicum 
False J S. capsicastrum 



Small CAPiXALS^approved common names. Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (f) see page 1. 



252 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Jertjsalem-cherry, continued 

Henderson J. Solanum hendersoni 
Melvin J. (S. capsicastrum mel- 
vini] Cy) 
Jerusalem-oak Chenopodium botrys 

Jerusalem-sage Phlomis 

Jessamine 

Carolina- jessamine 

Gelsemium sempervirens 
Jetbead . . . Rhodotypos kerrioides 
Jew 

Wandering-jew 

Tradescantia fluminensis 
Jobs-tears . . Coix; C. lacryma-jobi 

JOE-PYE-WEED 

Eupatorium purpureum 

Rough J E. p. maculatum 

Johnson Grass . Holcus halepensis 
Jointed Polypody 

Polypodium subauriculatum 

JoiNTFiR Ephedra 

Climbing J E. altissima 

Common J E. distachya 

Jonquil . . . Narcissus jonquilla 
Joseph Sage . . Salvia horminum 
Josephs-coat (Amaranthus gangeticus 

melancholicus\ Cy) 
Joshua Yucca . Yucca arborescens 
JUBAEA 
spectabilis (/. chilensis Ag) 

Syrup Palm 
Judas-tree . . Cercis siliquastrum 

White J. (C. s. albat Cy) 
JUGLANS \ Walnut 

For horticultural varieties of Juglans 
cultivated for their nuts see Butternut 
and Walnut, in American Pomological 
Society's List of Fruits and Nuts, in 
Appendix. 

ailanthifolia .... J. sieboldiana 
califomica 

California Black Walnut 
cathayensis .... Chinese W. 

cinerea Butternut 

cordiformis 

J. sieboldiana cordiformis 

hindsi Hinds Walnut 

japonica 

The name J. japonica is often used 
erroneously for Japanese forms of J 
regia or J. sieboldiana. 



major 
nigra . 



Black Walnut 



JUGLANS, continued 

praeparturiens . . Bush Walnut 

Hort. var. of J. regia. 

regia Persian W. 

See also hort. var. list below. 

nipestris Texas W. 

sieboldiana (ailanthifolia) 

Japanese W. 

— cordiformis Flat W. 

Ornamental hort. var. of Juglans: 
Bush Walnut (/. regia fertilis 
Cy; J. r. praeparturiens^ At; 
praeparturiens) 
Fernleaf W. (/. r. laciniata] Cy) 
Weeping W. (J. r. pendula] Cy) 

Jujube Zizyphus 

Argentine J Z. mistol 

Common J Z. jujuba 

India J Z. mauritiana 

Juliana Lilac . . Sjrringa julianae 
Jumping Orchid 

Catasetum macrocarpum 

JUMPSEED 

Marbled J. {Polygonum filiforme 
variegatum\ Cy) 

JUNCUS Rush 

efifusus Common R. 

Juneberry . Shadblow: Amelanchier 
JuNGFRAu Saxifrage 

Saxifraga cotyledon 
Juniper Juniperus 

For horticultural varieties of Juniper 
see hort. var. list under Juniperus. 

Alligator J. . . J. pachyphloea 
Bermuda Redcedar J. bermudiana 
California J. ... J. califomica 
Cherrystone J. . J. monosperma 

Chinese J J. chinensis 

Colorado J. . . J. scopulorum 

Common J J. communis 

Creeping J. . . J. horizontalis 

Formosa J J. formosana 

Greek J J. excelsa 

Himalayan J J. recurva 

Irish J. . J. communis hibemica 

Japanese J J. japonica 

Meyer J. . . J. squamata meyeri 
Mountain J. J. communis montana 

Needle J J. rigida 

Phoenicean j. . . j. phoenicea 

Plum J J. macrocarpa 

Prickly J J. oxycedrus 



JUNIPER— JUNIPERUS 



253 



Juniper, continued 

Redcedar . . Juniperus virginiana 
Sargent J. . J. chinensis sargenti 

Savin J. sabina 

Shore J J. conferta 

Southern Redcedar . J. lucayana 
Swedish J. . J. communis suecica 
Syrian J J. drupacea 

For horticultural varieties of Juniper, 
see hort. var. list under Juniperus. 

Juniper Tamarix 

Tamarix juniperina 

JUNIPERUS Juniper 

argentea . Whiteleaf Chinese J. 

Hort. var. of J. chinensis. 

aurea 

This name is often used erroneously for 
Golden Juniper and Golden Chinese 
Juniper, both in the hort. var. list, p. 254. 

bermudiana {J. barbadensis Cy) 

Bermuda Redcedar 

The name J. barbadensis is often ap- 
plied, erroneously, to J. lucayana. 

califomica . California Juniper 
canadensis .... Prostrate J. 

Hort. var. of J. communis. 

chinensis {sinensis) . . Chinese J. 
—japonica Cy-Ag . . J. japonica 
— procurnbens Cy ... J. japonica 

See note under J. procumbens. 

— recurva J. recurva 

— sargenti . . Sargent Juniper 

See also hort. var. list, page 254. 

communis Common J. 

— hibernica Irish J. 

— montana (nana; sibirica) 

Mountain J. 
—suecica Swedish J. 

See also hort. var. list, page 254. 

conferta (/. litoralis Cy) . Shore J. 

drupacea Syrian J. 

excelsa Greek J. 

See also hort. var. list, page 254. 

femina Reeves J 

Hort. var. of J. chinensis. 

formosana Formosa J. 

fortunei J. sphaerica 

hibernica . J. communis hibernica 

horizontalis (prostrata; sabina hori- 

zontalis) . . Creeping Juniper 

See also hort. var. list, page 254. 



JUNIPERUS, continued 

japonica (Juniperus chinensis ja- 
ponica Cy-Ag-Ar; /. c. procum- 
bens Cy) . . Japanese Juniper 

See also hort. var. list, page 254. 

litoralis Cy J. conferta 

lucayana . Southern Redcedar 
macrocarpa .... Plum Juniper 
monosperma . . Cherrystone J. 
nana ... J. communis montana 
neaboriensis 

Conical Chinese Juniper 

Hort. var. of J. chinensis. 

oblonga 

This name is often applied, erroneou-slv, 
to Weeping Juniper, hort' var. of j. 
communis. 

oxycedrus . . . Prickly Juniper 
pachyphloea (pachyphlaea) 

Alligator J. 
pfitzeriana Pfitzer J 

Hort. var. of J. chinensis. 

phoenicea .... Phoenicean J. 
procumbens 

The names J. procumbens and J. chinen- 
sis procumbens have often been applied, 
erroneously, to J. japonica. 

prostrata J. horizontalis 

recurva (chinensis recurva) 

Himalayan Juniper 

rigida Needle J. 

sabina Savin 

— horizontalis ... J. horizontalis 

See also hort. var. list, page 254. 

scopulorum . Color.\do Juniper 
sibirica . . J. communis montana 

sinensis J. chinensis 

sphaerica (fortunei) 

squamata 

— meyeri . . . Meyer Juniper 

stricta Spiny Greek J. 

Hort. var. of J. excelsa. 

suecica . . J. communis suecica 
tamariscifolia . . Tamarix Savin 

Hort. var. of J. sabina. 

virginalis globosa 

Globe Chinese Juniper 

Hort. var. of J. chinensis. 

virginiana Redcedar 

See also hort. var. list below. 

Hort. var. of Juniperus: 
Cannart Redcedar (J. virginiana 
cannarti] Cy) 



254 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



JUNIPERUS (Hort. var.). continued 

ChajViberlayn Redcedar (Juni- 

perus virginiana chainberlayni] 

Cy) 
Column Chinese Juniper (J. 

chinensis pyraviidalis] CjO 
Column Redcedar {virginiana 

cylindrica) 
Column Savin (/. sabina fasti- 

giata^ Cy) 
Conical Chinese Juniper (J. 

chinensis neaboriensis'\ Ar; nea- 

boriensis) 
Creeping Redcedar (J. virgin- 
iana reptansj Cy) 
Cypress Savin (J. sabina cupres- 

sifolia] Cy) 
Feather Redcedar {J. virginiana 

plumosa] Cy; virginiana plu- 

mosa argentea) 
Fountain R. {J. v. tripartita] Cy) 
Globe Chinese Juniper {J. chi- 
nensis globosa\ Ar; virginalis glo- 

bosa) 
Globe Red Cedar (/. virginiana 

globosa] Cy) 
Golden Juniper (/. communis 

aurea] Cy; communis prostrata 

aurea) 
Golden Chinese J. (/. chinensis 

aurea] Cy) 
Golden Dwarf Japanese J. {J . 
japonica aureovariegata] ; Junip- 

erus chinensis procumbens aureo- 

variegata Cy) 

Golden Japanese J. (J. japonica 

aurea]) 
GoLDTip Redcedar (/. virginiana 

elegantissima] Cy) 
Hoarfrost Savin (/. sabina va- 

riegata] Cy) 
Koster Redcedar (virginiana kos- 

teri) 
Pfitzer Juniper (/. chinensis 

pfitzeriana] Cy; virginiana pfitz- 

eriana) 
Prostrate J. (/. communis de- 

pressa] Cy; communis prostrata 

nana) 



JUNIPERUS (Hort. var.), continued 

Reeves Juniper (Juniperus chi- 
nensis femina] Cy -Jemina chinen- 
sis reevesi: virginiana reevesiana) 

Schott Redcedar (J. virginiana 
schotti] Cy) 

Silver R. (/. v. glauca] Cy) 

Smith R. (virginiana smithi) 

Spiny Greek Juniper (J. excelsa 
stricta] Cy) 

Tamarix Savin (/. sabina tama- 
riscifolia] Cy) 

Triomphe d'Angers Redcedar. 
Hort. var. of J. virginiana. 

Variegated Dwarf Japanese Ju- 
niper (J. japonica aurea]; J. 
chinensis procumbens aurea Cy) 

Variegated Greek J. (J. excelsa 
variegata] Cy) 

Waukegan J. (J. horizontalis 
douglasi] Cy) 

Weeping J. (/. communis oblonga 
pendula Cy) 

Weeping Chinese J. (J. chinensis 
pendula] Cy) 

Weeping Redcedar (J. virginiana 
pendula] Cy) 

Whiteleaf Chinese Juniper (J . 
chinensis albovariegata] Cy) 

Whitetip Redcedar (J. virginiana 
albospicata] Cy) 
Juno Butterflybush (Buddleia da- 
vidi superba] Cy) 

Junonia Iris Iris junonia 

Jupitersbeard . Centranthus ruber 

White J. Hort. var. of C. ruber. 



JUSSIAEA . 

longifolia . 



Primrose-willow 
. . Brazilian P. 



KADSURA Kadsura 

japonica Scarlet K. 

Kafir. Hort. var. of Holcus sorghum 

Kafirlily Clivia 

Scarlet K C. miniata 

Kaki Persimmon (Kaki Pom) 

Diospyros kaki 

KALANCHOE .... Kalanchoe 
flammea Flame K. 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. Jr.4Zic=synonyms or unapproved names. 



KALE— KERRIA 



255 



Kale . . Brassica oleracea acephala 
Seakale Crambe 

KALMIA Kalmia 

angustifolia Lambkill 

Carolina , . . Carolina Kalmia 

glauca K. polifolia 

latifolia 

Kalmia, Mountain-laurel 
polifolia (glauca) . . Bog Kalmia 
— microphylla Alpine Bog Kalmia 
Hort. var. of Kalmia: 

Banded K. {Kalmia latifolia fus- 

cata^ Cy) 
Featherpetal K. (K. latifolia poly- 

petala-\ Cy) 
Hedge K. (Kalmia latifolia ob- 

tusata^ Cy) 
Myrtleleaf K. (K. latifolia mijrti- 

folia] Cy) 
Red K. (K. I. rubrar\ Cy) 
White K. (K. I. alha^ Cy) 
Kalmia .... Kalmia; K. latifolia 
Alpine Bog K. 

K. polifolia microphylla 
Banded K. (Kalmia latifolia fus- 
cata-\ Cy) 

Bog K K. polifolia 

Carolina K K. Carolina 

Featherpetal K. (K. latifolia 

polypetalaj Cy) 
Hedge K. (K. I. ohtusata-\ Cy) 
Lambkill .... K. angustifolia 
Mountain-laurel . . K. latifolia 
Myrtleleaf K. (K. latifolia myrti- 

folia^ Cy) 
Red K. (K. I. rnhra'\ Cy) 
White K. (K. I. alba^ Cy) 
Kalmia Deutzia (Deutzia kalmiae- 

fiora] Cy) 
Kalm Hypericum 

Hypericum kalmianum 
KALOPANAX . ACANTHOPANAX 
Kamchatka Bugbane, Kamchatka 
Meadowsweet, etc. See Bug- 
bane, Meadowsweet, etc. 
Kangaroo Thorn . Acacia armata 
Kangra Buckwheat 

Fagopyrum tataricum 



Kansu Barberry, Kansu Goose- 
berry, etc. See Barberry, 
Gooseberry, etc. 

Karanda Carissa caranda 

Karo . . . Pittosporum crassifolium 
Karri Gum . Eucalyptus diy^ersicolor 
Kartaba Iris 

Iris sofarana magnifica 
Kashgar Tamarix . Tamarix hispida 
Kashmir Iris, Kashmir Primrose, 

etc. See Iris, Primrose, etc. 
Kasumi Cherry 

Prunus serrulata pubescens 

Kat Catha edulis 

Katsura-tree 

Cercidiphyllum japonicum 
Chinese K C. j. sinense 



. . . . CHARIEIS 

. Agathis australis 
. . Dovyalis caffra 

. . Lilium kelloggi 
. . Robinia kelseyi 

HARDENBERGIA 

HARDENBERGIA 



KAULFUSSIA 
Kauri-pine . . 
Kei-apple . . 
Kellogg Lily . 
Kelsey Locust 
KENNEDIA Ag 
KENNEDY A . 

KENTIA Kentia 

bebnoreana . . Howea belmoreana 
canterburyana 

Hedyscepe canterburyana 
forsteriana . . Howea forsteriana 
macarthuri 

Ptychosperma macarthuri 
sanderiana . . . Santjer Kentia 
wendlandiana 

Hydriastele wendlandiana 
Kentucky Bluegrass, Kentucky 
Coffeetree, etc. See Blue- 
grass, COFFEETREE, etc. 

Kerchove Aralia 

Aralia kerchoveana 
Kermes Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera 
kermesiana'f Cy) 

KERRIA Kerria 

japonica (Corchorus japonicus) 

Kerria 
Hort. var. of Kerria: 

Double Kerria ( K. japonica flore- 

pleno Cy) 
Silver K. (iv. japonica argenteo- 
variegata] Cy) 



Small CAPiTALS=approved common names. Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (t) see page 1. 



256 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Kew Primrose . Primula kewensis 
Key Thatch Palm . Thrinax keyensis 
Khedive Snowbush (Phyllanthus ni- 

vosus atroj)urj)ureus\ Cy) 
Kidney Bean . Phaseolus vulgaris 
KiDNEYWoRT . . Baccharis pilularis 
Kilmarnock Willow (Saliz caprea 

pendula-\ Cy) 
King Cactus, King Orange, etc. 

See Cactus, Orange, etc. 
Kino Gum-myrtle 

Angophora intermedia 
Kinshiren Lotus {Nelumho nuci- 

fera kinshiren^ Cy) 

KiRiLow Indigo . Indigofera kirilowi 

Kirk Crinum .... Crinum kirki 

Knapweed .... Centaurea nigra 

Cream K. (C. nigra variegata\ Cy) 

KNEIFFIA . . . OENOTHERA 
Knife Acacia . Acacia cultriformis 

Knight Cypress {Cupressus ben- 
thami knightiana\ Cy) 

KNIPHOFIA ToRCHLiLY 

aloides K. uvaria 

corallina {Tritoma corallina) 

Coral Torchlil-s 
foliosa (T. quartiniana) . Sword T. 
hybrida (T. hybrida) 

Hybrida is a name used erroneously in 
the trade to include horticultural varif- 
ties of uncertain parentage. 

macowani (Tritoma macowani) 

Macowan Torchlily 
nobilis .... K. uvaria nobilis 

pfitzeriana . . Bonfire Torchlily 

Hort. var. of K. uvaria. 

rufa (Tritoma rufa) . . Early T. 
saiindersi Saunders T 

Hort. var. of K. uvaria. 

sulphurea (Tritoma sulphurea) 

Sulphur T 
tricolor (T. tricolor) . Tricolor T 
tucki (T. tucki) .... Tuck T 
uvaria (aloides; Tritoma uvaria) 

Common T 
— nobilis (T. nobilis) . . Giant T 

See also hort. var. list below. 

Hort. var. of Kniphofia : 
Bonfire Torchlily (K. uvaria 
grandis\ Cy; Tritoma pfitzeri. K. 
pfitzeriana) 



KNIPHOFIA (Hort. var.). continued 

Dayglow Torchlily (Kniphofia 

uvaria grandiflora] Cy; Tritoma 

uvaria grandifiora) 

Saunders T. (K. u. samidersi\ Cy: 

Tritoma saundersi; K. saundersi) 

Knobcone Pine . . Pinus attenuate 

KoBus Magnolia . Magnolia kobus 

KOCHIA .... Summer-cypresp 

scoparia Belvedere 

trichophylla 

Common Summer-cypress 

KOELLIA Ag PYCNANTHEMUM 

KOELREUTERIA.Goldenrain-tree 

paniculata . . . Goldenrain-tree 

Kohlrabi 

Brassica oleracea caulo-rapa 
KOLKWITZIA 

amabilis 
Kolomikta . . Actinidia kolomikta 
KoMAROF Lilac . Syringa komarovi 
Korean Azalea, Korean Bitter- 
sweet, etc. See Azalea, Bitter- 
sweet, etc. 
KosTER Blue Spruce (Picea pun- 
gens kosteri] Cy) 
KousA Dogwood . . Cornus kousa 
KRAUNHIA Ag . . . WISTERIA 
KRAUSSIA .... TRICALYSIA 
Krelage Iris . Iris reticulata krelagei 
KRIGIA 

montana . Mountain-dandelion 

virginica . . . Dwarf-dandelion 

Klt)zu-bean . Pueraria thunbergiana 

KuMQUAT . . . Fortunella japonica 

Hongkong K F. hindsi 

Meiwa K. ( Neiha K.) F. crassifolia 

For varieties of Kumquat grown for 
their fruit, see American Poniological 
Society's List of Fruits, in Appendix. 

KUNZIA PURSHIA 

KURRAJONG 

Black K. . Sterculia diversifolia 
KwANSO Daylily (Hemerocallis ful- 

va kwa7iso'\ Cy) 
Kyushu Azalea 

Azalea obtusa kiusiana 
Labr.\dor Willow . Salix argyrocarpa 

Labrador-tea Ledum 

Crystal-tea . . . . L. palustre 
True L. . . . L. groenlandicum 



LABURNUM— LAMIUM 



257 



LABURNUM Laburnum 

adami] Cy Adam L. 

See hort. var. list below. 

alpinum (Cytisus alpinus) Scotch L. 
anagyroides Cy-Ag-Ar . L. vulgare 
caramanicum . Asiatic Laburnum 
parksi W^aterer L. 

See hort. var. list below. 

vulgare (L. anagyroides Cy-Ag-Ar; 

Cytisus lahiirnum) Goldenchain 

watereri] Cy . Waterer L.\burnum 

See hort. var. list below. 

Hort. var. of Laburnum: 

Adam Laburnum (L. adami\ Cy; 

Lahurnocytisus adami Ar) 
Autumn Goldenchain (L. vulgare 

autumnale\; semper florens ; sem- 

perflorum) 
CuRLYLEAF G. (L. V. hullatum]) 
GoLDLEAF G. (L. V. aureum\) 
Oakleaf G. (L. v. quercifolium^) 
Waterer Laburnum (L. watereri] 

Cy; parksi; alpinum Xvulgare; 

Cytisus water eri) 
Weeping Goldenchain (L. vulgare 

pendtdum'\) 
Lacebark Pine . . Pinus bungeana 
Laceflower .... Trachymene 
Blue L T. caerulea 

LACINARIA Ag . . . . LIATRIS 

LACHENALIA . . Cape-cowslip 
luteola . . . . L. tricolor luteola 
nelsoni . . Nelson Cape-cowslip 

Hort. var. of L. tricolor. 

pendula Nodding C. 

quadricolor . L. tricolor quadricolor 
tricolor Threecolor Cape-cowslip 

— luteola Lemon C. 

— quadricolor . . Fourcolor C. 

Hort. var. of Lachenalia: 

Nelson Cape-cowslip (L. tricolor 
nelsoni^ Cy) 

Lacquer-tree . . Rhus verniciflua 

LACTUCA Lettuce 

sativa Garden L. 

L.\dies-tresses .... Spiranthes 

Nodding L S. cernua 

Painted L S. picta 

Shortleaf L. . . . S. brevifolia 
Slender L S. gracilis 



Lady Fern, Lady Washington Ge- 
ranium, etc. See Fern, Geran- 
ium, etc. 

Ladybell Adenophora 

Bush L A. potanini 

Common L A. communis 

Ladyslipper .... Cypripedium 
Brownie L. . . . C. fasciculatum 
California L. . C. californicum 
Common Yellow L. C. pubescens 
Mountain L. . . . C. montanum 
Northern L. . . C. passerinum 

Pink L C. acaule 

Ramshead L. . . . C. arietinum 

Showy L. . . . . . C. spectabile 

Small Yellow L. . C.parviflorum 
White L C. candidum 

LAELIA 

See ORCHID GENERA. 
LAELIOCATTLEYA 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

Laestad Willow {Salix laestadiana\ 

Ar) 

LAGENARIA Gourd 

leucantha {vulgaris) . Calabash G. 

LAGERSTROEMIA , Crapemyrtle 

indica Common C. 

parviflora 

speciosa {flosreginae) . Queen C. 

Hort. var. of Lagerstroemia : 

Pink Crapemyrtle {indica rosea) 
Purple C. {indica purpurea) 
White C. {indica alba) 

LAGUNARIA 
pattersoni 

LAGURUS 

ovatus .... Rabbittail Grass 
Lake Iris . . . Iris cristata lacustris 
Laland Firethorn {Pyracaidha coc- 
cinea lalandi] Cy) 

Lamance Iris Iris foliosa 

Lamarck Evening-primrose 

Oenothera lamarckiana 

LAMARCKIA ACHYRODES 

Lambkill . . . Kalmia angustifolia 

LAMIUM Deadnettle 

maculatum (album) . . Spotted D. 
purpureum Purple D 



258 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Lance Coreopsis, Lance Viburnum, 
etc. See Coreopsis, Viburnum. 
etc. 
Lanceleaf Euonymus, Lanceleaf 
Maskflower, etc. See Euony- 
mus, Maskflower, etc. 
Lancepod Lonchocarpus ; L. speciosus 

LANTANA Lantana 

camara Common L. 

flava {melissaefolia) . Yellow L 
hybrida 

A name erroneously applied to dwarf 
garden forms of L. camara. 

sellowiana (delicatissima) 

Weeping Lantana 
Hort. var. of Lantana: 
Amiel 
Aurora 
Cicerone 

Corbeille d'Argent 
Comtesse de Biencourt 
Craig (craigi) 
Grand Sultan 
Harkett Perfection 

lOLANDE 

Jacob Schultz 

Jannia 

Michael Schmidt 

Pluie d'Or 

Radiation 

Rose Queen 

Snow Queen 

Tethys 
Lantern Groundcherry 

Physalis francheti 
LAPAGERIA .... Chile-bells 

rosea Red C. 

Hort. var. of Lapageria: 

White Chile-bells (L. rosea albi- 
flora] Cy; alba) 
LAPEYROUSIA 

cnienta {Anomatheca cruenta) 
Lapland Rhododendron 

Rhododendron lapponicum 
Larch Larix 

American L L. laricina 

Chinese L L. potanini 

Dahurian L. . . . L. dahurica 

DuNKELD L. (L. eurolepis^ Ar) 

European L. . . . L. europaea 

BOLD-face=approved scientific names. 



Larch, continued 
GOLDENLARCH 

Pseudolarix kaempferi 
Japanese L. . . Larix leptolepis 

Siberian L L. sibirica 

Weeping European L. (L. euro- 

paea pendula'f) 
Western L. . . . L. occidentalis 
Largetooth Aspen 

Populus grandidentata 

LARIX Larch 

americana L. laricina 

dahurica . . . Dahurian Larch 
eurolepis^ Ar . . . Dunkeld L. 

See hort. var. list below. 

europaea (L. decidua Cy-Ag-Ar) 

European L. 

See also hort. var. list below. 

hybrida Cy . . . . Dunkeld L. 

See hort. var. list below. 

kaempferi Ar ... L. leptolepis 
laricina (americana) 

American Larch 
leptolepis (L. kaempferi Ar) 

Japanese L. 
occidentalis .... Western L. 

potanini Chinese L. 

sibirica Siberian L. 

Hort. var. of Larix: 

Dunkeld Larch (L. eurolepis] 
Ar; L. hybrida Cy; europaea X 
leptolepis) 
Weeping European L. (L. euro- 
paea pendula]) 
Larkspur Delphinium 

See also hort. var. list under Delphinium. 

Barlow L. {Delphinium hybridum 
barlowi] Cy) 

Bee L D. elatum 

Cardinal L. . . D. cardinale 
Cashmere L. . D. cashmerianum 
Caucasian L . . . D. caucasicum 

Field L D. consolida 

Hardy L D. formosum 

Heartpetal L. . D. cardiopetalum 

Maack L D. maackianum 

Moerheim L. . . D. moerheimei 
Mountain L. . . . D. hybridum 
Musk L. . . . D. brunonianum 
Orange L D. nudicaule 



I T Alic=synonyms or unapproved names. 



LARKSPUR— LATHYRUS 



259 



Larkspur, continued 

Parry L. . . , Delphinium parryi 
Persian L. . . . D. speciosum 

Rock L D. tricorne 

Rocket L D. ajacis 

Siberian L. . . D. grandiflorum 
Skyblue L. (D. formosum coe- 

lestinum] Cy) 
Slender L. 

D. grandiflorum chinense 

Tall L D. exaltatum 

White Siberian L. (D. grandi- 
florum album] Cy) 

Yellow L D. zalil 

Larkspur Coreopsis 

Coreopsis delphinifolia 
Larpente Plumbago 

Ceratostigma plumbaginoides 

LASIANDRA . . TIBOUCHINA 

LASTREA (LASTRAEA) 

aristata . . Polystichum aristatum 

dilatata . . . Dryopteris dilatata 

filixmas D. filixmas 

LATANIA 
commersoni (L. horhonica Ag) 

Latania 

The stock sold under the name Latania 
borbonica is usually Livistona chinensis 

Late Pear, Late Thoroughwort, 
etc. See Pear, Thoroughwort, 
etc. 

LATHYRUS Pea 

grandiflorus . . Everlasting P. 
latifolius Perennial P. 

See also hort. var, list below. 

magellanicus . . Lord Anson P. 
niger {Orohus niger) . . Black P. 
odoratus Sweet P. 

A special list of the horticultural varie- 
ties of Sweet Pea is given opposite. 

splendens . Royal Perennial Pea 

Hort. var. of L. latifolius. 

vemus (Orohus vernus) 

Spring Bittervetch 
Hort. var. of Lathyrus, other than 
Sweet Pea: 
Bridesmaid Pea (L. latifolius gran- 

diflorus\ Cy) 
Royal Perennial P. (L. I. splen- 
dens] Cy; splendens) 



LATHYRUS (Hort. var.), continued 

White Perennial Pea (Lathyrus 
latifolius albus] Cy) 
Hort. var. of Sweet Pea, Lathyrus 
odoratus : 

The Joint Committee acknowledges its 
indebtedness to Mr. George W. Kerr, 
President American Sweet Pea Society, 
for the preparation of this list, dated Nov. 
15, 1922, which includes "only the very 
best varieties of the present day." Ques- 
tions relating to list may be addressed to 
Mr. Kerr at Doylestown, Pa. 

Annie Ireland 

Aurora 

Austin Frederick 

Barbara 

Bluebird 

Brilliant 

Burpee Orange 

Canarybird 

Charity 

Cheerful 

Cherub 

CoLNE Valley 

Columbia 

Commander Godsall 

Conquest 

Daintiness 

Daisybud 

Daybreak 

Dora 

Doris 

Edna May Improved 

Elegance 

Enchantress 

Fairy 

Flamingo 

Floradale Fairy 

Fordhook Rose 

George Shawyer 

Giant White 

Glitters 

Gloriosa 

Glorious 

Hawlmark Cerise 

Hawlmark Pink 

Hawlmark Scarlet 

Illumination 

King 

King Mauve 

King White 



Small CAPiTAL8=approved common names. Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (f) see page 1. 



260 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



LATHYRUS odoratus, Sweet Pea (Hort. 
var.), continued 

Lavender King 
Majestic Cream 
Mascott Helio 
Mrs. a. Hitchcock 
Mrs. Kerr 
Mrs. Tom Jones 
Mrs. Warren G. Harding 
Orchid 
Picture 
Pink Pearl 
Prince George 
Princess 
Ravenwing 
Renown 
Rose Queen 
Royal Purple 
Royal Salute 
Royal Scot 
Senator Spencer 
Snowstorm 
Sunset 
Tangerine 
Valentine 
Warrior 
White Star 
Zvolanek Rose 
Latticeleaf Aponogeton fenestralis 

Laurel Laurus 

California-laurel 

Umbellularia califomica 
Cherry-laurel . Laurocerasus 
Grecian Laurel . Laurus nobilis 
Mountain-laurel Kalmia latifolia 
Portugal-laurel 

Laurocerasus lusitanica 
Laurel Clockvine, Laurel Green- 
brier, etc. See Clockvine, 
Greenbrier, etc. 
Laurestinus 

Laurustinus : Viburnum tinus 
LAUROCERASUS . Cherry-laurel 
caroliniana {Prunus caroliniana 
Cy-Ag; Cerasus caroliniana) 

Carolina Cherry-laurel 
lusitanica (P. lusitanica Cy-Ag; 
Laurus lusitanica) 

Portugal-laurel 
officinalis (Prunus laurocerasus Cy- 
Ag- Ar; Laurus cerasus) 

English Cherry-laurel 



Hort. var. of Laurocerasus : 
Bertini Cherry-laurel (L. offici- 
nalis hertini]) 
Caucasian C. (L. o. caucasica]) 
Colchis C. (L. o. colchicaj) 
Shipka C. (L. o. schipkaensis^) 
Shortleaf C. (L. o. rotundifolia]) 
Versailles C. (L. o. versaillensis'f) 

LAURUS Laurel 

benzoin .... Benzoin aestivale 
cerasus . . Laurocerasus officinalis 

lusitanica L. lusitanica 

nobilis .... Grecian Laurel 

Laurustinus . . . Viburnum tinus 
Fuzzy L. (V. t. hirtumf Cy) 
Shining L. (V. t. lucidum'f Cy) 
Spiry L. (V. t. strictum'\ Cy) 
Variegated L. (F. tinus variega 
tum'f Cy) 

LAVANDULA Lavender 

officinalis (L. vera Cy; L. spica Ag) 

True Lavender 

spica (L. latifolia Ag) . . Spike L. 

LAVATERA Treemallow 

arborea Velvet T 

assurgentiflora . California T. 

olbia 

trimestris (rosea) .... Herb T 

Hort. var. of Lavatera : 
Showy Herb Treemallow (L. 
trimestris splendens] Cy; splen- 

White Herb T. (L. t. alha] Cy; 
alba) 
LAV AU XI A . . OENOTHERA 
Lavender Lavandula 

Sea-lavender .... Limonium 

Spike L. ... Lavandula spica 

True L L. officinalis 

Lavender-cotton 

Santolina ; S. chamaecyparissus 

Hoary L S. incana 

Lawngrass 

Japanese L. . Osterdamia japonica 
Lawson Cypress 

Chamaecyparis lawsoniana 
LAWSONIA Henna 

inermis (rubra) .... Henna 
LAYIA 

elegans Tidytips 

glandulosa 



LEADPLANT— LEPTOSIPHON 



261 



Leadplant . . Amorpha canescens 

Leafy Madeira Broom, Leaftt 

Stonecrop, etc. See Broom. 

Stonecrop, etc. 

Leather Fern, Leather Saxifrage, 

etc. See Fern, Saxifrage, etc. 
Leatherflower . . Clematis vioma 
Leatherjacket . Eucalyptus punctata 
Leatherleaf 

Chamaedaphne calyculata 

Leatherleaf Gum, Leatherleaf 

Rose, etc. See Gum, Rose, etc. 

Leatherwood . . Dirca;D. palustris 

Lebanon 

Cedar of Lebanon . Cedrus libani 
Lebanon Iris, Lebanon Stonecress, 
etc. See Iris, Stonecress, etc. 

Lebbek Albizzia lebbeck 

Lechuguilla . . Agave lecheguilla 
Ledebour Globeflower 

TroUius ledebouri 

LEDUM Labrador-tea 

groenlandicum (latifolium) True L. 
palustre Crystal-tea 

LEEA Watershrub 

sambucina . . . Elderleaf W. 

Leek Allium porrum 

Houseleek .... Sempervivum 
Lily Leek .... Allium moly 
Wood L A. tricoccum 

Lehmann Gum . Eucalyptus lehmanni 

Leichtlin Aubrietia, Leichtlin 
Camas, etc. See Aubrietia, 
Camas, etc. 

LEIOPHYLLUM . . . Sandmyrtle 
buxifolium (Dendrium buxifolium) 
Box Sandmyrtle 
— prostratum (D. prostratum) 

Allegheny S. 

LEMAIREOCEREUS 

dumortieri {Cereus dumortieri) 
ebumeus (C. ehurneus) 
eruca . . . Machaerocereus eruca 
stellatus (C. stellatus) 
thurberi (C. thurheri) 
weberi (C. weberi) 
Lemoine Deutzia, Lemoine Mock- 
orange, etc. See Deutzia, 
Mockorange, etc. 



Lemon Citrus limonia 

For cultivated varieties of Lemon, see 
American Pomological Society's List of 
Fruits, in Appendix. 

Waterlemon . Passiflora laurifolia 
Lemon Bottlebrush, Lemon Day- 
lily, etc. See Bottlebrush, 
Daylily, etc. 
Lemonade Sumac . . Rhus trilobata 
Lemon-verbena . Lippia citriodora 
Lemonvine 

Bladeapple : Pereskia aculeata 
Lenne Magnolia {Magnolia soulan- 

geana lennei] Cy) 
Lentisk .... Pistacia lentiscus 

LEONOTIS Lions-ear 

leonurus Lions-ear 

LEON TO DON Ag . TARAXACUM 

LEONTOPODIUM . . . Edelweiss 

alpinum {Gnaphalium leonto'podium) 

Common Edelweiss 

sibiricum Siberian E. 

LEONURUS .... Motherwort 

cardiaca Common M. 

Leopard English Ivy, Leopard 
Lily, etc. See Ivy, Lily, etc. 

Leopardbane Doronicum 

Austrian L. . . D. austriacum 
Caucasian L. . . D. caucasicum 

Downy L D, clusi 

Showy L. {D. plantagineum excel- 

si/mf Cy) 
Sunflower L. D. magnificum 

Leopardplant. Hort. var. of Ligu- 
laria kaempferi. 
Silveredge L. Hort. var. of L. 
kaempferi. 
Leopold Maple (Acer pseudoplatamis 
leopoldi\ Cy) 

LEPACHYS 

columnaris ( Ratibida columnaris Ag) 
— pulcherrima {Obeliscaria pulcher- 

rima) 
pimiata (Ratibida pinnata Ag) 

LEPARGYREA Ag . SHEPHERDIA 

LEPIDIUM Peppergrass 

sativum Garden Cress 

LEPTOSIPHON GILIA 



262 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



LEPTOSPERMUM 

The name of this genus under the Amer- 
ican Rules is Agonis. 

flexuosum (Agonis flexuosa Ag) 
laevigatum Australian Tea-tree 

LEPTOSYNE Coreopsis 

The common name Coreopsis applies 
also to the allied genus Coreopsis. 

douglasi {Coreopsis douglasi Ag) 

Douglas Coreopsis 
maritima (C. maritima Ag) Sea C. 
stillmani (C. stillmani Ag) 

Stillman C. 
LEPTOTES 

bicolor (Tetramicra hicolor) 

LESPEDEZA .... Bushclover 
bicolor {Desmodium hicolor) 

Shrub B. 

capitata Roundhead B. 

formosa (L. sieboldi Cy; Desmodium 
pendulifloriim) 

Purple Bushclover 
— albiflora (L, japonica Cy; Des- 
m odiu m japonicmn ) 

Japanese BusHCLo\rER 

Lesser Bougainvillea, Lesser 

Flowering Quince, etc. See 

Bougainvillea, Quince, etc. 

Letterflower . , . Grammanthes 

LETTSOMIA 
capitata 

Lettuce Lactuca 

Garden L L. sativa 

Waterlettuce . Pistia stratiotes 

LEUCAENA 
glauca 

LEUCOCASIA Ag . COLOCASIA 

LEUCOCRINUM .... Starlily 
montanum Starlily 

LEUCOJUM .... Snowflake 

aestivum Summer S. 

veraum Spring S. 

LEUCOTHOE Leucothoe 

acuminata L. populifolia 

catesbaei {Andromeda catesbaei) 

Drooping Leucothoe 
populifolia {acuminata) 



LEUCOTHOE, continued 

racemosa {Andromeda racemosa; 
Eubotrys racemosa Ag) 

SWEETBELLS 

recurva {E. recurva Ag) 

Redtwig Leucothoe 
Lewis Monkeyflower 

Mimulus lewisi 
LEWISIA 

rediviva Bitterroot 

LEYCESTERIA 
formosa {elegans) 

Himalaya-honeysuckle 
LIATRIS ....... Gayfeather 

elegans {Lacinaria elegans Ag) 

PiNKSCALE G. 

graminif olia {Lacinaria graminifolia 
Ag) . . Grassleaf Gayfeather 

ligulistylis {Lacinaria ligulistylis Ag) 
Rocky Mountain Gayfeather 

odoratissima . Trilisa odoratissima 

punctata {Lacinaria pimctata Ag) 

Dotted Gayfeather 

pycnostachya . . {Lacinaria pycno- 
stachyaAg) Cattail Gayfeather 

scariosa {Lacinaria scariosa Ag) 

spicata {Lacinaria spicata Ag) 

Spike G. 

— montana {pumila) . Dwarf G. 

squarrosa {Lacinaria squarrosa Ag) 
Liberian Coffee . . Cofifea liberica 



LIBOCEDRUS 

chilensis . , 
decurrens . . 



Incense-cedar 
. . Chilean I. 
California L 



LIBONIA JACOBINIA 

Licorice Glycyrrhiza 

Common L G. glabra 

Licorice Fern 

Polypodium glycyrrhiza 
LICUALA 

grandis 
Liege Maranta {Maranta leuconeura 

massangeana\ Cy) 
LIGULARIA 

clivorum {Senecio clivorum) 

kaempferi {S. kaempferi) 

stenocephala 

wilsoniana {S. wilsonianus) 

GlANTGROUNDSEL 



BOLD-face^approved scientific names. I T Alic^synonyms or unapproved names. 



LIGULARIA— LILAC 



263 



Hort. var. of Ligularia: 

Leopardplant {kaempferi aureo- 

maculata; Farfugium grande) 
SiLVEREDGE L. {kaem'pjeri argen- 
tea; F. argenteum) 

LIGUSTRUM Privet 

acuminatum {ciliatum; medium) 

See also hort. var. list below. 

amurense Amur P. 

chinense L. sinense 

ciliatum L. acuminatum 

coriaceum . . . Dwarf Privet 

iholium Ibolium P. 

See hort. var. list below. 

ibota (L. obtusifolium Ag-Ar) 

Ibota p. 

See also hort. var. list below. 

japonicum Japanese P. 

leucocarpiim . . Yellowberry P. 

Hort. var. of L. vulgare. 

lucidum (jnacrophyllum) Glossy P. 

See also hort. var. list below. 

macrocarpum . . . Bigberry P. 

Hort. var. of L. acuminatum. 

macrophyllwm . . . . L. lucidum 

marginatum 

A name used erroneously for Silveredge 
European Privet, hort. var. of L. 
vulgare. 

massalongianum 

Himalayan Privet 

medium L. acuminatum 

nepalense .... Nepal Privet 
obtusifolium Ag .... L. ibota 
ovalifolium . California Privet 

See also hort. var. list below. 

quihoui Qumou P. 

regelianum Kegel P. 

Hort. var. of L. ibota. 

sinense (chinense) . . Chinese P. 
spicatum 

This name is often used erroneously for 
L. japonicum, L. lucidum, L. massa- 
longianum, and L. nepalense. 

vulgare . . . European Privet 

See also hort. var. list below. 

Hort. var. of Ligustrum: 

Bigberry Privet (L. acuminatmn 
macrocarpum] Cy; macrocarpum) 

Golden California P. (L. ovali- 
folium variegatum] Cy; rohustum 
variegatum) 



LIGUSTRUM (Hort. var.), continued 

Ibolium Privet {iholium) 

Pygmy P. {ibota nanum) 

Kegel P. {Ligustrum ibota regeli- 
anum] Cy; regelianum) 

Silveredge European P. (L. 
vulgare glaucum] Cy; vulgare 
albomarginatum ; marginatum) 

Silverleaf p. {excelsum superbum) 

Tricolor P. {Ligustrum lucidum 
tricolor] Cy) 

Wattle P. {ibota compactum) 

Yellowberry P. (L. vulgare leuco- 
carpum] Cy; leucocarpum) 

Yellow-dapple European P. (L. 
V. aureovariegatumf) 

Yellowedge California P. (L. 
ovalifolium aureomarginatum] Cy ) 

Yellowleaf European P. (L. 
vulgare aureum] Cy) 
Lilac Syringa 

For additional horticultural varieties of 
Lilac see Syringa. 

Broadleaf L S. oblata 

Chengtu L, . . S. sweginzowi 

Chinese L S. chinensis 

Common L S. vulgaris 

Common Blue L. (-S. vulgaris cae- 

rulea] Cy) 
Common Red L. {S. v. rubra] Cy) 
Common Violet L. {S. vulgaris 

violacea] Cy) 
Common White L. {S. v. alba] Cy) 
Double Hyacinth L. {S. hyacinthi- 

flora plena] Cy) 

Early L S. affinis 

Feathered Persian L. {S. persica 

laciniata] Cy) 

Felty L S. tomentella 

Hairy L S. pubescens 

Henry L. {S. henryi] Cy) 

Himalayan L S. emodi 

Hungarian L. . . . S. josikaea 
Hyacinth L. {Syringa hyacinthi- 

flora] Cy) 
Japanese Tree L. . . S. japonica 

Juliana L S. julianae 

KoMAROF L S. komarovi 

Late L S. villosa 

Littleleaf L. , S. microphylla 
Manchurian L. . . S. amurensis 



Small CAPiTALS=approved common names. Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (t) see page 1. 



264 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Lilac, continued 

Marly L. (Syringa vulgaris mar- 
ly ensis\ Cy) 

Meyer L Syringa meyeri 

Mountain-lilac Ceanothus specie? 
Nodding I.. . . . Syringa reflexa 
Pale Chinese L. {S. chinensis 

metensis] Cy) 
Pale Hungarian L. {S. josikaea 
pallida^ Cy) 

Peking L S. pekinensis 

Persian L S. persica 

Pinnate L S. pinnatifolia 

Purple Chinese L. {S. chinensis 

saugeana] Cy) 
Purple Early L. S. afiinis giraldi 
Red Hungarian L. {S. josikaea 

ruhro'\ Cy) 
Red Persian L. {Syringa persica 

rnhra't Cy) 
Red Rose L. {Syringa henryi ex- 

imia] Cy) 
Sargent L. 

S. komarovi sargentiana 
Schneider L. . . .8. koehneana 
Weeping Peking L. {S. pekinensis 

pendula'\ Cy) 
White Chinese L. {Syringa chi- 
nensis alba] Cy) 
White Persian L. {Syringa per- 
sica alba] Cy) 

Wilson L S. wilsoni 

Wolf L S. wolfi 

Yunnan L. . . . S. yunnanensis 

For additional horticultural varieties of 
Lilac, see Syringa. 

Lilac Aster, Lilac Clematis, etc. 
See Aster, Clematis, etc. 

LILIUM Lily 

auratum . . . . . Golds and L. 
batemanniae . . . Batemann L. 
hloomerianuni . . . L. humboldti 
bolanderi .... Thimble Lily 

browni Browns L 

canadense Canada L. 

See also hort. var. list on page 265. 

candidum Madonna L 

See also hort. var. list on page 265. 

carolinianum (L. rnichauxi Ag) 

Carolina L. 
chalcedonicum . Chalcedonian L. 

See also hort. var. list on page 265. 



LILIUM, continued 

colchicum . . Lilium monadelphum 
columbianum . . Columbia Lily 
concolor . . . Morningstar L. 

crocenm Orange L. 

dauricum .... Candlestick L. 
elegans {thunhergianum) 

excelsuni L. testaceum 

giganteum .... Giant Lily 

grayi Grays L. 

hansoni Hanson L. 

henryi Henry L. 

humboldti {hloomerianum) 

Humboldt L. 

See also hort. var. list on page 265. 

japonicum {krameri) Japanese L. 

kelloggi Kellogg L. 

krameri L. japonicum 

leichtlini .... Moleroot Lily 
longiflorum Easter L. 

See also hort. var. list on page 265. 

maculatum 

This name is often used erroneously 
for L. medeoloides and for the Purple- 
stripe Madonna Lily and the Spotted 
Chalcedonian Lily, both included in the 
hort. var. list on page 265. 
viagnificum 

A name used erroneously for the Great 
Speciosum Lily and the Larger Hum- 
boldt Lily, both entered in the hort. 
var. list on page 265. 

maritimum .... Coast Lily 
martagon .... Martagon L. 
maximowiczi . . False Tiger L. 
medeoloides .... Wheel L. 
michauxi Ag , . . L. carolinianum 
monadelphum {colchicum) 

Caucasian Lily 

See also hort. var. list on page 265. 

nujriophyUuni .... L. regale 
occidentale . . . Eureka Lily 
pardalinum .... Leopard L. 

parryi Lemon Ij. 

parviflorum .... Panther L. 
parvum Sierra L. 

See also hort. var. list on page 265. 

philadelphicum Orangecup L. 
puherulum . Hairy Humboldt L. 

Hort. var. of L. humboldti. 

regale {myriophyllum) . Royal L. 

roezli Santa Cruz L. 

roseum Cy . L. thomsoniammi Ag 
rubellum , . . Rl^bellum Lily 



LILIUM— LILY 



26.5 



LILIUM, fontinuod 

rubescens (L. ivashingtonianum rn- 

hescens Cy . Chaparral Lily 

sargentiae .... Sargent L. 

speciosum . . . Speciosum L. 

See also hort. var. list below. 

superbum American Turkscap L. 
szovitzianum Great Caucasian L. 

Hort. var. of L. nionadelphum. 

tenuifolium Coral L. 

testaceum (excelsum) Nankeen L. 
thomsonianum (L. roseum Cy) 

Thomson L. 
thunhergianum .... L. elegans 
tigrinum Tiger Lily 

See also hort. var. list below. 

umbellatum 

Western Orangecup Lily 

The name L. umbellatum is sometimes 
misapplied to L. dauricum. 

wallichianum . . Wallich Lily 
washingtonianum ^^'ASHINGTON L. 
• — rubescens Cy . . . L. rubescens 

See also hort. var. list below. 

Hort. var. of Lilium: 

Bermuda Easter Lily (L. longi- 

folium eximium^ Cy) 
Brownstem Easter L. (L. I. 

giganteum] Cy) 
Double Tiger L. {Lilium tigrinum 

floreyleno Cy) 
Giant Tiger L. {Lilium tigrinum 

splendens'\ Cy) 
Great Caucasian L. (L. mona- 

delpkimi szovitzianum^ Cy) 
Great Speciosum L. (L. speciosum 

magnificum'\ Cy) 
Hairy Humboldt L. (L. humboldti 

puberulum^ Cy; puherulum) 
Larger Humboldt L. (L. h. mag- 

nificum] Qy) 
Melpomene L. Hort. var. of L. 

speciosum. 
Purple Washington L. (L. wash- 
ingtonianum purpureum] Cy) 
Purplestripe Madonna L. (L 

candidum maculatum\ Cy) 
Red Canada L. (L. canadense coc- 

cineum\ Cy; canadense rubrum) 
Spotted Chalcedonian L. (L. 

chalcedonicu7n maculatum\ Cy) 
Yellow Sierra L. (L. parvum 

luteum\ Cy) 



Lily Lilium 

Amazonlily Eucharis 

American Turkscap L. 

Lilium superbum 
Atamasco-lily 

Zephyranthes atamasco 
Batemann L. Lilium batemamiiae 
Belladonna-lily 

Amaryllis belladomia 
Bermuda Easter L. {Lilium longi- 

florum eximium] Cy) 
Blackberry-lily 

Belamcanda chinensis 

Bloodlily .... Haemanthus 

Browns L. . . . Lilium browni 

Brownstem Easter L. (L. longi- 

florum giganleum] Cy) 

Buglelily Watsonia 

Canada L. . . Lilium canadense 
Candlestick L. . . L. dauricum 
Carolina L. . . L. carolinianum 
Caucasian L. . L. monadelphum 
Chalcedonian L. L. chalcedonicum 
Chaparral L. . . . L. rubescens 

Coast L L. maritimum 

Columbia L. . L. columbianum 

Coral L L. tenuifolium 

Daylily Hemerocallis 

Double Tiger L. Hort. var. of 

Lilium tigrinum. 
Easter L. . . Liiium longiflorum 

Eureka L L. occidentale 

False Tiger L. . L. maximowiczi 

Flaxlily Phormium 

Giant L. . . . Lilium giganteum 
Giant Tiger L. {Lilium tigrinum 
splendens\ Cy) 

GiNGERLiLY Hedychium 

Glacierlily 

Erythronium grandiflorum 

Glorylily Gloriosa 

GoLDBAND L. . . Lilium auratum 

Grays L L. grayi 

Great Caucasian L. (L. mona- 
delphum szovitzianum] Cy) 
Great Speciosum L. (L. specio- 
sum magnificum] Cy) 
Guernsey-lily . Nerine samiensis 
Hairy Humboldt L. {Lilium hum- 
boldti puberulunf\ Cy) 
Hanson L. , . . Lilium hansoni 
Henry L L. henryi 



266 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Lily, continued 

Humboldt L. . Lilium humboldti 

Jacobaean-lily . . . St.Jameslily 
Japanese L. . . Li'ium japonicum 

Kafirlily Clivia 

Kellogg L. . . . Lilium kelloggi 
Larger Humboldt L. (L. huDi- 

holdti magnificum] Cy) 

Lemon L L. parryi 

Leopard L. . . . L. pardalinum 
Madonna L. . . . L. candidum 
Mariposa-lily 

Mariposa: Calochortus 
Martagon L. . Lilium martagon 
Melpomene L. Hort. var. of L. 

speciosum. 
MoLEROOT L. . . . L. leichtlini 
MoRNiNGSTAR L. . . L. coiicolor 
Nankeen L. . . . L. testaceum 

Orange L L. croceum 

Orangecup L. L. philadelphicum 
Panther L. . . . L. parviflorum 

Plantainlily Hosta 

Purple Washington L, {Lilium 

washingtonimium purpureu7n-\ Cy ) 

PURPLESTRIPE MaDONNA L. (L. 

candidum maculatum] Cy) 

Rainlily Cooperia 

Red Canada L. {Lilium canadense 

coccineum-\ Cy) 

Rose L L. rubescens 

Royal L L. regale 

RuBELLUM L. . . . L. rubellum 
Sacred-lily . . Narcissus species 

Santa Cruz L L. roezli 

Sargent L. . . Lilium sargentiae 
ScARBORO-LiLY . Vallota purpurea 
Sego-lily . . Calochortus nuttalli 

Sierra L Lilium parvum 

Spearlily Doryanthes 

Speciosum L. . Lilium speciosum 
Spiderlily .... Hymenocallis 
Spotted Chalcedonian L. (Lilium 

chalcedonicum macidatum] Cy) 
Starlily Leucocrinum montanum 
St.Bern ARDLiLY Anthericum HHago 
ST.BRUNOLiLY.Paradisea liliastrum 
St.Jameslily 

Sprekelia formosissima 
Stinglily .... Blumenbachia 



Lily, continued 

Thimble L. . . Lilium bolanderi 
Thomson L. . . L. thomsonianum 

Tiger L L. tigrinum 

Toadlily Tricyrtis 

Torchlily Kniphofia 

Troutlily .... Erythronium 
Wallich L. Lilium wallichianum 
Washington L. 

L. washingtonianum 
Waterlily . Nymphaea ; Victoria 
Western Orangecup L. 

Lilium umbellatum 

Wheel L L. medeoloides 

Yellow Sierra L. (L. -parvum 

luteum\ Cy) 
Zephyrlily .... Zephyranthes 
Lily Leek, Lily Magnolia, etc. 

See Leek, Magnolia, etc. 
LiLYBASKET . Hymenocallis calathina 
Lily-of-the-valley 

Convallaria majalis 

Lilythorn Catesbaea 

Hedge L C. spinosa 

Lima Bean 

Phaseolus lunatus macrocarpus 
Limber Honeysuckle, Limber Pine, 
etc. See Honeysuckle, Pine. 
etc. 

Lime Citrus aurantifolia 

Limeberry . . . Atalantia trimera 
LiMEQUAT {Citrus aurantifolia X 
Fortunelia japonica) 
See American Pomological Society's 
List of Fruits, in Appendix. 

LIMNANTHEMUM 

NYMPHOIDES 
LIMNANTHES 

douglasi {Floerkea douglasi) 

Meadowfoam 
LIMNOCHARIS 

flava {emarginata; plumieri) 
humboldti . Hydrocleis nymphoides 

LIMNORCHIS HABENARIA 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

LIMODORUM Ag . CALOPOGON 

LIMONIUM . . . Sea-lavender 
arborescens {Statice arborescens) 

Tree S. 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. I T Alic=synonyms or unapproved names. 



LIMONIUM— LINUM 



267 



LIMONIUM, continued 

bonduelli (Statice bonduelli) 

Algerian Sea-lavender 
eximium [S. eximia) Sungarian S. 
gmelini {S. gmelini) 
latifolium {S. latifolia) Bigleaf S. 
sinuatum {S. sinuata) 

NOTCHLEAF S. 

suworowi (*S. suworowi) 

SUWOROW S. 

tataricum (S. tatarica) T atari an S. 
Hort. var. of Limonium: 

Lanceleaf Sea-lavender (L. ta- 
taricum angustifoliunf\ Cy; Stat- 
ice incana) 

White Sungarian S. (L. eximium 
album'\ Cy) 

LINANTHUS GILIA 

LINARIA Toadflax 

alba 

A name sometimes used erroneously for 
White Kenilworth-ivy and Saffron 
Toadflax, both in the hort. var. list^ 
below. 

bipartita . Cloven-lip Toadflax 

See also hort. var. list below. 

cymbalaria . . Kenilworth-ivy 

See also hort. var. list below. 

dalmatica . Dalmatian Toadflax 
hepaticaefolia . . Liverleaf T. 

linaria L. vulgaris 

macedonica 

Macedonian Toadflax 

maroccana Morocco T 

reticulata .... Purplenet T. 
• vulgaris [linaria) . . Common T. 
Hort. var. of Linaria: 

Saffron Toadflax (L. bipartita 

alba-\ Cy) 
White Kenilworth-ivy (L. cym- 
balaria alba-\ Cy) 

LINDELOFIA 
longifolia 

Linden Tilia 

American L. . . . T. americana 
Beetree L. . . . T. heterophylla 
Bigleaf American L. {T. ameri- 
cana macrophylla'\ Cy) 
Bigleaf European L. 

T. platyphyllos 



Linden, continued 

Common L Tilia vulgaris 

Crimean L T. euchlora 

CuTLEAF European L. {T. platy- 
phyllos laciniata] Cy) 
Goldtwig L. {T. p. aurea] Cy) 

Gray L T. neglecta 

Heartleaf European L. 

T. cordata cordifolia 

Japanese L T. japonica 

Littleleaf European L. 

T. cordata 
Mongolian L. . . T. mongolica 
Pyramidal European L. ( jT. platy- 
phyllos pyramidalis] Cy) 
Redtwig L. {T. p. corallina] Cy) 
Riksdorf L. {Tilia spectabilis 
moltkei'\ Cy) 

Showy L T. spectabilis 

Silver L T. tomentosa 

ViNELEAF L. {T. platyphyllos viti- 
folia] Cy) 

Weeping L T. petiolaris 

Yellow L T. flavescens 

Linden Bloodleaf, Linden Dra- 
cena, etc. See Bloodleaf, 
Dracena, etc. 
LINDERA 

beiizoin Benzoin aestivale 

Lindley Butterflybush, Lindley 
Cy'press, etc. See Butterfly- 
bush, Cypress, etc. 
Link Blackberry . Rubus linkianus 

LINNAEA TwiNFLOWER 

borealis americana (L. americana) 
American T. 
LINOSYRIS 

vulgaris (Aster linosyris Ag; Chrys- 
ocoma linosyris) 

European Goldilocks 

LINUM Flax 

austriacum .... Austrian F. 
coccineum Scarlet F. 

Hort. var. of L. grandiflorum. 

flavum Golden F. 

grandiflorum . . Flowering F. 

lewisi Prairie F. 

narbonnense . . . Narbonne F. 
perenne .... Perennial F. 
usitatissimum Flax 

Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (f) see page 1. 



Sm.\ll CAPiTALS^approved common names. 



268 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Hort. var. of Linum : 
Scarlet Flax (L. grandiflorum 

cocdneum] Cy; coccineum) 
White Perennial F. (L. perenne 
alhum\ Cy) 
Lions-ear . . Leonotis; L. leonurus 

LIPARIS TWAYBLADE 

liliifolia Lily T. 

loeseli Loesel T. 

longipes 

LiPFERN Cheilanthes 

CoviLLE L C. covillei 

Fekdler L C. fendleri 

PoDFERN C. siliquosa 

Woolly L C. tomentosa 

LIPPIA LippiA 

canescens (repens) . Creeping L. 

citriodora {Verbena citriodora; Aloy- 

sia citriodora) . Lemon-verbena 

LIQUIDAMBAR . . . Sweetgum 
formosana .... Formosa S. 
styraciflua Sweetgum 

LIRIODENDRON . . . Tuliptree 

tulipifera Tuliptree 

Hort. var. of Liriodendron : 

Pyramid Tuliptree (L. tulipifera 
pyramidale'f Cy) 

Yellowed GE T. (L. t. aureomargi- 
natum] Cy) 
LISIANTHUS 

russellianus . Eustoma russellianum 
LISTERA 

cordata 
LITCHI Lychee 

chinensis ( Nephelium litchi) 

Lychee 
Litchi Pom . Lychee : Litchi chinensis 

LITHOCARPUS (PASANIA) 

cleistocarpa 

cornea 

densiflora 

edulis (L. glabra Cy; Pasania 
glabra) 

glabra (L. thalassica Cy; P tha- 
lassica) 

henry i 

thalassica Cy L. glabra 

LITHOSPERMUM . . Cromwell 

canescens Puccoon 



LITHOSPERMUM, continued 
carolinense (hirtum) 

Carolina Gromwell 
fruticosum (prostratum) 

Shrubby G. 
LITHRAEA 

moUeoides 
Little Merrybells, Little Quak- 
ing Grass, etc. See Merrybells, 
Grass, etc. 

LiTTLELEAF DOGWOOD, LiTTLELEAF 

Holly, etc. See Dogwood, Holly, 

etc. 
LiTTLE-piCKLES . Othonna crassifolia 
Live Oak . . . Quercus virginiana 
LivEFOREVER . . Scdum telephium 

Wild L . . . . S. telephioides 
Liver-balsam Erinus 

Alpine L E. alpinus 

LivERLEAF Toadflax 

Linaria hepaticaefolia 
Living-rock 

Ariocarpus ; A. fissuratus 
LIVISTONA 

australis (Corypha australis) 

Australian Fan Palm 

chinensis .... Chinese Fan P. 

rotundifolia .... Java Fan P. 
Lizardtail Saunirus 

Common L S. cemuus 

LOASA Chile-nettle 

aurantiaca . Blumenbachia lateritia 
tricolor . Tricolor Chile-nettle 

LoBB Cryptomeria (Cryptomeria ja- 
ponica lobbi] Cy) 

LOBELIA Lobelia 

cardinalis . . . Cardinalflower 
erinus .... Edging Lobelia 

See also hort. var. list on page 269. 

fulgens Mexican L. 

See also hort. var. list on page 269. 

gracilis Slender L. 

The name L. gracilis is often misap- 
plied to Basket Lobelia, hort. var. of L. 
erinus. 

heterophylla . Handleaf Lobelia 

inflata Indian-tobacco 

kalmi .... Ontario Lobelia 
pumila .... Blue Dwarf L, 

Hort. var. of L. erinus. 

ramosa L. tenuior 



LOBELIA— LONGPOD 



269 



LOBELIA, continued 

speciosa . . . White-eye Lobelia 

Hort. var. of L. erinus. 

siphilitica {syphilitica) 

Large Blue L. 

See also hort. var. list below. 

tenuior (ramosa) . Australian L. 

tupa Blood L. 

Hort. var. of Lobelia: 

Basket L. (L. erinus gracilis^ Cy) 
Blue Dwarf L. (L. e. purnila] Cy; 

pumila) 
Large White L. (L. siphilitica 

albat Cy) 
Queen Victoria L. Hort. var. of 

L. fulgens. 
White-eye L. (L. erinus spe- 
ciosa] Cy; speciosa) 

Lobelia Lobelia 

Australian L. ... L. tenuior 
Basket L. (L, erinus gracilis'\ Cy) 

Blood L L. tupa 

Blue Dwarf L. {Lobelia erinus^ 

pumila'\ Cy) 
Cardinalflower . . L. cardinalis 

Edging L L. erinus 

Handleaf L. . . L. heterophylla 
Indian-tobacco . . . . L. inflata 
Large Blue L. . . L. siphilitica 
Large White L. (L. siphilitica 
alba] Cy) 

Mexican L L. fulgens 

Ontario L L. kalmi 

Queen Victoria L. Hort. var. of 
L. fulgens. 

Slender L L. gracilis 

White-eye L. {Lobelia erinus spe- 
ciosa] Cy) 
Loblolly Pine .... Pinus taeda 
Loblolly-bay . Gordonia lasianthus 

LOBULARIA Ag . . . ALYSSUM 

LOCHNERA Ar VINCA 

Lock Elm Ulmus minor 

LOCKHARTIA 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

Locust Robinia 

Besson L. {R. pseudoacacia bes- 
soniana] Cy) 

Clammy L R. viscosa 

Common L. . . R. pseudoacacia 



LocuaT, continued 

Decaisne L. {Robinia pseudoacacia 
decaisneana] Cy) 

HoLDT L Robinia holdti 

Honeylocust .... Gleditsia 
Kelsey L. . . . Robinia kelseyi 
New Mexican L. R. neomexicana 
One-leaf L. {R. pseudoacacia 

monophylla] Cy) 
Perpetual L, {R. pseudoacacia 

semperflorens] Cy) 
Rose-acacia . . . . R. hispida 
Thornless L. {R. pseudoacacia 

inermis] Cy) 
Umbrella L. {R. pseudoacacia 

umbraculifera] Cy) 
Waterlocust. . Gleditsia aquatica 
Western L. 

Robinia neomexicana luxurians 
Lodgepole Pine . Pinus murrayana 
LoESEL Twayblade . Liparis loeseli 
Lofty Cypress, Lofty Fig, etc. 

See Cypress, Fig, etc. 
Logwood 

Haematoxylon; H. campechianum 

LOISELEURIA . . Alpine-azalea 

procumbens {Chamaecistus procum- 

bens) Alpine-azalea 

LOLIUM 
multiflorum {italicum) 

Italian Ryegrass 
perenne .... Perennial R. 

LOMARIA BLECHNUM 

Lombard Y Poplar {Popidus nigra 
italica] Cy) 

LONCHOCARPUS . . . Lancepod 

speciosus Lancepod 

London Planetree {Platanus aceri- 

folia] Cy) 
London-pride Saxifrage 

Saxifraga umbrosa 
Longbarb Arrowhead 

Sagittaria longiloba 
Longcluster Wisteria 

Wisteria multijuga 
Longleaf Aster, Longleaf Bluets, 

etc. See Aster, Bluets, etc. 
Longlip Pentstemon 

Pentstemon labrosus 
Longneck Crinum . Crinum moorei 
Longpod Poppy . Papaver dubium 



270 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Longs Grape Vitis longi 

LONGSPUR EpIMEDIUM 

Epimedium macranthum 

LoNGSTALK HoLLY , Ilcx pedunculosa 

LONICERA .... Honeysuckle 

alberti . . . . L. spinosa alberti 

alhida.WmTE Belle Honeysuckle 

Hort. var. of L. bella. 

altmanni Altmann H 

americana {italica) . . Italian H. 

amoena\ Cy Gotha H. 

aurea 

A name often misapplied to Golden 
Woodbine, hort. var. of L. pencly- 
menum. The true L. aurea, of botanists 
is not in the trade. 

helgica . . . Dutch Woodbine 

Hort. var. of L. periclymenum. 

bella-\ Cy . . Belle Honeysuckle 

See also hort. var. list on page 271. 

brachypoda 

Hardyleaf Japanese H. 

Hort. var. of L. japonica. 

browni\ Cy Browns H . 

See also hort. var. list on page 271. 

caerulea .... Sweetberry H. 
— altaica 
— graciliflora 
canadensis (ciliata) 

American Fly H. 
caprifolium Sweet H. 

See also hort. var. list on page 271. 

chinensis . . Purple Japanese H. 

Hort. var. of L. japonica. 

chrysantha . . . Coralline H 
— tnrkestanica 

ciliata L. canadensis 

confusa 
dioica (glauca) 

Limber Honeysuckle 
etrusca Etruscan H. 

See also hort. var. list on page 271. 

flava Yellow H. 

flexuosa. Hardyleaf Japanese H. 

Hort. var. of L. japonica. 

fragrantissima .... Winter H. 

fuchsioides 

A name often misapplied to Scarlet 
Fuchsia Honeysuckle, hort. var. of L. 
browni. The true L. fuchsioides, of 
botanists, is not in the trade. 

BOLD-face=approved scientific names. 



LONICERA, continued 

gigantea 

A name often misapplied to Esau Honey- 
suckle and Cream Honeysuckle, both 
hort. var. of L. etrusca. 

giraldi . . Girald Honeysuckle 

glauca L. dioica 

gracilipes Spangle Honeysuckle 
grandiflora Bride H. 

Hort. var. of L. tatarica. 

halliana . . . Hall Japanese H. 

Hort. var. of L. japonica. 

heckrottii Cy . . Everblooming H. 

henryi Henry H. 

hirsuta Hairy H. 

iberica Iberian H. 

involucrata . . . Bearberry H. 
— flavescens 
— serotina 

italica L. americana 

japonica ( Nintooa japonica) 

Japanese Honeysuckle 

See also hort. var. list on page 271. 

koehneana 

korolkowi Blueleaf H. 

See also hort. var. list on page 271. 

ledebouri 

maacki (Chamaecerasus maacki) 

Amur H. 

— podocarpa Late H. 

minutiflora^ Cy . Bunchberry H. 

morrowi Morrow H. 

muendeniensis\ Cy . Muenden H. 
muscaviensis\ Cy . . Moscow H. 

noiha] Cy Rutarian H. 

oblongifolia . . . Swamp Fly H. 
— altissima 

orientalis .... Buckthorn H. 
periclymenum .... Woodbine 

See also hort. var. list on page 271. 

pileata . . Privet Honeysuckle 
prolifera (sullivanti) . . Grape H. 

prostrata Creeping H. 

pyrenaica Pyrenees H. 

quinquelocularis . . IVIistletoe H 
reticulata aurea 

Yellownet Japanese H. 

Hort. var. of L. japonica. 

ruprechtiana . . .Manchurian H. 

saccata 

segreziensis] Cy . . . Segrez H. 



I T Alic=synonyvas or unapproved names. 



LONICERA— LOQUAT 



271 



LONICERA, continued 

semperflorens . Autumn Woodbine 

Hort. var. of L. periclymenum. 

sempervirens 

Trumpet Honeysuckle 

See also hort. var. list below. 

similis 

— delavayi .... Delay ay H. 

sinensis L. standishi 

spinosa . . Thorn Honeysuckle 
— alberti (Chamaecerasus alherti) 

Albert H. 
standishi (sinensis) . Standish H. 

sullivanti L. prolifera 

syringantha . Lilac Honeysuckle 

— wolfi Wolf H. 

tangutica Blush H. 

tatarica T atari an H. 

See also hort. var. list below. 

thibetica Tibetan H. 

tragophylla 

trichosantha .... Slender H. 

utahensis Utah H. 

virginalis Maiden H. 

Hort. var. of L. tatarica. 

xylosteoides\ Cy . . . Vienna H. 
xylosteum . . European Fly H. 
Hort. var. of Lonicera: 

Other hybrids in Latin-name list above. 

Arnold Honeysuckle (L. amoena 
arnoldiana\ Cy) 

Autumn Woodbine (L. yeridyme- 
num serotina-\ Cy; sem-perfloreiis) 

Bride Honeysuckle (L. tatarica 
grandiflora\ Cy; grandiflora) 

Broad Blueleaf H. (L. korolkowi 
floribunda-\ Cy) 

Cream Honeysuckle (L. etrusca 
su-perha] Cy) 

Dutch Woodbine (L. -pericly- 
menum helgica\ Cy; belgica) 

Esau Honeysuckle (L. etrusca 
pubescens'\ Cy) 

Golden Woodbine (L. pericly- 
menum aurea\ Cy) 

Great Tatarian Honeysuckle 
(L. tatarica latijolia^ Cy) 

Hall Japanese H. (L. japonica 
halliana\ Cy; halliana) 

Hardyleaf Japanese H. (L. j. 
flexuosa\ Cy; brachypoda) 

Small CAPiTALS=approved common names. 



LONICERA (Hort. var.), continued 

Maiden Honeysuckle (tatarica vir- 
ginalis ; tatarica elegans ; virginalis ) 
Orange H. (L. browni punicea] Cy) 
Purple Sweet H. (L. caprifolium 

pauciflora] Cy) 
Purple Japanese H. (L. japonica 

chinensis\ Cy; chinensis) 
Red Tatarian H. (L. tatarica 

siberica\ Cy) 
Rosy Tatarian H. (tatarica rosea) 
Scarlet Fuchsia H. (L. browni 

fuchsioides\ Cy; sempervirens 

fuchsioides) 
White Belle H. (bella albida; 

albida) 
White Sweet H. (L. caprifolium 

alba\ Cy) 
White Tatarian H. (L. tatarica 

alba^ Cy) 
Yellow Tatarian H. (L. tatarica 

luteal Cy) 
Yellow Trumpet Honeysuckle 

(L. sempervirens sulphurea\ Cy) 
Yellownet Japanese H. (L. 

japonica aureoreticulatai Cy ; 

reticulata aurea) 

Other hybrids in Latin list preceding. 
LOOKINGGLASS 

Venus L. Specularia; S. speculum 

Loosestrife Lysima- 

chia ; Lythrum species; Steironema 
Clethra L. Lysimachia clethroides 

Fortune L L. fortunei 

Fringed L. Steironema ciliatum 
Golden L. . Lysimachia vulgaris 

Japanese L L. japonica 

Moneyw^ort . . L. nummularia 
Purple L. . . Lythrum salicaria 
Rose L. (L. s. roseu77i-\ Cy) 
Spotted L. . Lysimachia punctata 
Swampcandle ... L. terrestris 

Water L L. thyrsiflora 

LOPHOPHORA Peyote 

williamsi (lewini; Anhalonium lew- 

ini; A. williamsi) . . Peyote 

LOPHOSPERMUM MAURANDIA 

LoQUAT . . Eriobotrya; E. japonica 

For varieties of Loquat cultivated for 
their fruit, see American Pomological 
Society's List of Fruits, in Appendix. 

Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (t) see page 1. 



272 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Lord Anson Pea 

Lathyrus magellanicus 

Lords- AND-L.\D IE s . Arum maculatum 
LORINSERIA . . WOODWARDIA 

LOROMA 

amethystina 

Commonly planted in southern Cali- 
fornia under the names Archontophoenix 
(or Ptychosperma) alexandrae and Sea- 
forthia (or Ptychosperma) elegans, 
neither of which is known to be in 
cultivation in the United States. 
Archontophoenix cunninghami is the 
name of another, and little known, 
Australian palm, but the trees cultivated 
in California under that name appear to 
be identical with Loroma amethystina. 

LOTUS 

bertholeti (peliorhynchns) 

Coral Gem Trefoil 
corniculatus .... I^irdsfoot T. 

Lotus Nelumbo 

American L. . . Nelumbo lutea 
Blue Egyptian L. 

Nymphaea caerulea 
Dawn L. {N el umbo nucijera roscd] 

Cy) 
Double Dawn L. Hort. var. of 

Nelumbo nucifera. 
Empress L. Hort. var. of N. 

nucifera. 
Hindu L. . . . Nelumbo nucifera 
Kermes L. (A^. n. kermesiana\ Cy) 
KiNSHiREN L. {N . nucifera kin- 

shiren^ Cy) 
Magnolia L. Hort. var. of 

Nelumbo nucifera. 
Peking L. Hort. var. of N. nuci- 
fera. 
Red Peking L. Hort. var. of N. 

nucifera. 
Shiroman L. Hort. var. of N. 

nucifera. 
Sierra Leone L. 

Nymphaea lotus dentata 
White Egyptian L. 

Nymphaea lotus 
White Hindu L. {Xelumho tiuci- 
fera alba] Cy) 
Love-in-a-mist 

Nigella; N. damascena 
Love-lies-bleeding 

Amaranthus caudatus 



Low Globethistle, Low Meadow- 
rue, etc. See Globethistle, 
Meadowrue, etc. 

Lowbush Blueberry 

Vaccinium pennsylvanicimi 

LucHU Azalea . Azalea sublanceolata 

LUCUMA 

mammosa {Calocarpum mammosum 

Ag) Sapote 

nervosa Canistel 

LUDWIGIA Seedbox 

mulertti Water S. 

LUFFA TOWELGOURD 

acutangula {Cucumis acutangulus) 
Singkwa T. 

cylindrica Suakwa T. 

Lumbang Pom Candle- 
nut-tree: Aleurites moluccana 

LUNARIA Honesty 

annua {biennis) . . . Honesty 
rediviva .... Perennial H. 

Lungwort Pulmonaria 

Azure L. {Pulmonaria angustifolia 

azurea] Cy) 
Bethlehem L. . . .P. saccharata 

Common L P. officinalis 

Cowslip L. . . . P. angustifolia 

Lupine Lupinus 

Blush L. Hort. var. of L. poly- 

phyllus. 

Broom L L. cytisoides 

Chamisso L. . . L. chamissonis 
Common Dwarf L. . . L. nanus 
Cruckshanks L. 

L. mutabilis cruckshanksi 
DuNNETT L. . . . L. dunnetti 

Early L L. affinis 

European Blue L. . L. hirsutus 
European Yellow L. L. luteus 

Hartweg L L. hartwegi 

Moerheim L. Hort. var. of L. 

polyphyllus. 
Snow Queen L. Hort. var. of L. 

arboreus. 
South American L. . L. mutabilis 

Sun-dial L L. perennis 

Texas L L. subcarnosus 

Tree L L. arboreus 

Washington L. . L. polyphyllus 
White L L. albus 



LUPINE— LYCIUM 



273 



Lupine, continued 

White Washington L. Hort. var. 
of Liipinus polyphyllus. 

LUPINUS Lupine 

afiinis Early L. 

albus White L. 

arboreus Tree L. 

See also hort. var. list below. 

chamissonis .... Chamisso L. 
cruckshanksi 

L. mutabilis cruckshanksi 
cytisoides .... Broom Lupine 
dimnetti^ Cy . . . . Dunnett L. 

See hort. var. list below. 

hartwegi Hartweg L. 

hirsutus . . European Blue L. 
luteus . . European Yellow L. 

The name L. luteus is sometimes used 
erroneously for L. arboreus. 

moerheimi . . Moerheim Lupine 

Hort. var. of L. poljrphyllus. 

mutabilis . South American L. 
— cruckshanksi . Cruckshanks L.^ 
nanus . . . Common Dwarf L. 

perennis Sun-dial L. 

polyphyllus . . Washington L. 

See also hort. var. list below. 

subcarnosus .... Texas L. 
Hort. var. of Lupinus: 

Blush Lupine (polyphyllus roseus) 

Dunnett L. (L. dunnetti] Cy; su- 
perbus; tricolor elegans) 

Moerheim L. (L. polyphyllus tnoer- 
heimi^ Cy) 

Snow Queen L. Hort. var. of 
L. arboreus. 

White Washington L. (L. poly- 
phyllus albiflorusj Cy; poly- 
phyllus albus) 
LYCASTE 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

Lychee Litchi chinensis 

LYCHNIS Campion 

The common name Campion applies 
also to the genus Silene. 

alba (vespertina) Evening Campion 
alpina Arctic C. 

See also hort. var. list on this page. 

chalcedonica . . Maltese Cross 

See also hort. var. list on this page. 

coelirosa {Agrostemma coelirosa; 

A. COeli) . . ROSE-OF-HEAVEN 
See also hort. var. list on this page. 



LYCHNIS, continued 

coronaria (Agrostemma coronaria) 

Rose Campion 
coronata (grandiflora) . Crown C. 

See also hort. var. list below. 

dioica (diurna) Red C. 

floscuculi Ragged-robin 

See also hort. var. list below. 

flosjovis (Agrostemma flosjovis) 

Flower-of-Jove 
fulgens . . . Brilliant Campion 

grandiflora L. coronata 

haageana^ Cy . . Haage Campion 

See hort. var. list below. 

plenissima .Double Ragged-robin 

Hort. var. of L. floscuculi. 

senno 

sieboldi .... Siebold Campion 

Hort. var. of L. coronata. 

splendens Rosepink C. 

Hort. var. of L. viscaria. 

vespertina L. alba 

viscaria . . . Clammy Campion 

See also hort. var. list below. 

Hort. var. of Lychnis: 

DoLTBLE Ragged-robin (L. flos- 
cuculi plenissima^ Cy; plenis- 
sima semperflorens) 

Double Rosepink Campion (L. 
viscaria splendens florepleno) 

DoL^LE-RED Arctic C. (alpina 
rubra plena) 

Flag C. (L. viscaria elegans\ Cy; 
Viscaria elegans) 

Haage C. (L. haageana'\ Cy; ful- 
ge7isX Siebold) 

Purple-eye Rose-of-heaven (L. 
coelirosa oculata'\ Cy; Viscaria 
oculata) 

Rosepink Campion (L. viscaria 
splendens] Cy; splendens) 

Siebold C. (L. coronata sieboldi] Cy ; 
sieboldi) 

White Arctic C. (alpina alba) 

White Maltese Cross (chalce- 
donica alba) 
LYCIUM 

barbarum 

Barbary Matrimony-vine 

The true L. barbarum and L. euro- 
paeum are probably not in cultivation; 
the plants sold under these names are 
usually L. halimifolium or L. chinense. 



274 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



LYCIUM, continued 

chinense 

Chinese Matrimony-vine 
europaeum .... European M. 

See note under L. barbarum, page 273. 

halimifolium (vulgare) Common M. 
LYCOPERSICUM (LYCOPERSI- 

CON Ag) Tomato 

esculentum Tomato 

pimpinellifolium . . Currant T. 

LYCOPODIUM .... Clubmoss 

clavatum Runningpine 

complanatum . . Groundcedar 

lucidulum . . Shining Clubmoss 

obscurum (dendroideum) 

Groundpine 
LYCOPUS Bugle WEED 

americanus .... American B. 

europaeus .... European B. 
LYCORIS . . . Cluster- AMARYLLIS 

radiata 

squamigera {Amanjllis halli) 

Hardy C. 
LiTDiAN Stonecrop . Sedum lydium 
LYGODIUM . . . Climbing Fern 

japonicum . Japanese Climbing F. 

palmatum Hartford F. 

scandens . Feathery Climbing F. 
LYONIA 

ligustrina {Xolisma ligustrina Ag) 
He-huckleberry 

viariana .... Pieris mariana 

nitida P. lucida 

LYONOTHAMNUS . Lyonshrub 

floribundus .... Catalina L. 

— asplenifolius . . Fernleaf L. 
Lyonshrub .... Lyonothamnus 

Catalina L. . . L. floribundus 

Fernleaf L. . L. f. asplenifolius 

LYSIAS HABENARIA 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

LY SI ELL A .... HABENARIA 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

LYSIMACHIA .... Loosestrife 

The common name Loosestrife applies 
also to the allied genus Steironema and 
to some of the species of the allied 
genus Lythrum 

barystachys 



LYSIMACHIA, continued 

ciliata . . . Steironema ciliatum 
clethroides Clethra Loosestrife 

fortunei Fortune L. 

japonica Japanese L. 

nummularia .... Moneywort 
punctata . Spotted Loosestrife 
terrestris .... Swampcandle 
thyrsiflora. . Water Loosestrife 
vulgaris Golden L. 

LYTHRUM Lythrum 

alatum Winged L. 

salicaria . Purple Loosestrife 
virgatum . . . Wand Lythrum 

Hort. var. of Lythrum: 
Rose Loosestrife (L. salicaria 
roseum^ Cy; roseum superbum) 

Maack Larkspur 

Delphinium maackianum 

MAACKIA Maackia 

amurensis Amur M . 

hupehensis .... Chinese M. 

MABA 
natalensis Natal-ebony 

MACADAMIA .... Macadamia 
temifolia {Maca- 
damia Pom) Queensland-nut 
Macafee Copperleaf (Acalypha 

wilkesiana macajeana\ Cy) 
MacArthur Palm 

Ptychosperma macarthuri 

Macartney Rose . Rosa bracteata 

MacDougal Rose . Rosa macdougali 

Macedonian Pine, Macedonian 

Toadflax, etc. See Pine 

Toadflax, etc. 

MACHAERIUM 
tipu Tipuana speciosa 

MACHAEROCEREUS 

eruca {Cereus eruca; Lemaireo- 
cereus eruca Cy) 

Creepingdevil Cactus 

gummosus (C. gummosus; L. gum- 

7nosus Cy) 

MACLURA .... Osage-orange 

pomifera (aurantiaca; Toxylon pom- 

iferum Ag) . . Osage-orange 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. I T Alic=synonyras or unapproved names. 



MACNAB-MAGNOLIA 



275 



Macnab Cypress, Macnab Cinque- 
foil, etc. See Cypress, Cinque- 
foil, etc. 
Macoun Rose .... Rosa macouni 
Macowan Torchlily 

Kniphofia macowani 
MACRADENIA 

brassavolae 
Madagascar Asparagus, Madagas- 
car Periwinkle, etc. See As- 
paragus, Periwinkle, etc. 
Madden-Cherry . . . Maddenia 
MADDENIA 

hypoleuca . . . Madden-cherry 
Madeira Broom . Cytisus maderensis 
Madeira-bay .... Persea indica 
Madeira-vine 

Boussingaultia baselloides 
Madonna Lily . . Lilium candidum 
Madrid Bromegrass 

Bromus madritensis 
Madrone .... Arbutus menziesi 
Magdalena Mockorange 

Philadelphus magdalenae 
Magellan Barberry, Magellan 
Fuchsia, etc. See Barberry, 
Fuchsia, etc. 

MAGNOLIA Magnolia 

acuminata . . . Cucumbertree 
— cor data Cy . . . . M. cor data 
alba swperha 

Large Saucer Magnolia 

See hort. var. list opposite. 

alexandrina . . . Alexander M. 

See hort. var. list opposite. 

conspicua (M. denudata Cy-Ag-Ar; 

yulan) Yulan 

cordata {M. acuminata cordata Cy) 

Yellow Cucumbertree 

denudata Cy-Ag-Ar . M. conspicua 

foetida M. grandiflora 

fraseri . . . Fraser Magnolia 
fuscata .... Michelia fuscata 
glauca {M. virginiana Ag) 

Sweetbay 
gloriosa . . . Gloriosa Magnolia 

Hort. var. of M. grandiflora. 

grandiflora (foetida) Southern M. 

See also hort. var. list opposite. 

halleana M. stellata 

hypoleuca . . Silver Magnolia 



MAGNOLIA, continued 

kobus .... Kobus Magnolia 

— borealis 

lennei Lenne M. 

See hort. var. list below. 

liliflora (purpurea) . . . Lily M. 

See also hort. var. list below. 

macrophylla .... Bigleaf M. 
major . . . . M. thompsoniana 

norbertiana . Norbert Magnolia 

See hort. var. list below. 
obovata 

This name has been misapplied to AI. 
liliflora and M. hypoleuca. 

parviflora . . . Oyama Magnolia 

purpurea M. liliflora 

pyramidata. . Pyramid Magnolia 
rustica . . . Purple Saucer M. 

See hort. var. list below. 

salicifolia Anise M. 

soulangeana] Cy . . Saucer M. 

See hort. var. list below. 

speciosa . . . Striped Saucer M. 

See hort. var. list below. 

stellata (halleana) . . . Star M. 

See also hort. var. list below. 

stricta Exmouth M. 

Hort. var. of M. grandiflora. 

thompsoniana (major) Thompson M. 

tripetala Umbrella M. 

virginiana Ag M. glauca 

watsoni Watson M. 

wilsoni Wilson M. 

yulan M. conspicua 

Hort. var. of Magnolia: 
Alexander Magnolia (M. sou- 

langeana alexandrina^ Cy) 
Exmouth M. (M. grandiflora exoni- 

ensis'f Cy; stricta) 
Galisson M. (M. grandiflora gal- 

issoniensis-\ Cy) 
Gloriosa M. (M. g. gloriosa^ Cy) 
Large Saucer M. (M. soulangeana 

alba superba Cy; alba superba) 
Lenne M. (M. s. lenneit Cy) 
Narrowleaf Southern M. (M. 

grandiflora lanceolata] Cy) 
Norbert M. (M. soulangeana nor- 

bertiana^ Cy; norbertiana) 
PiNKSTAR M. (M. stellata roseaf Cy) 
Purple Lily M. (M. liliflora 

nigra] Cy; soulangeana nigra) 

Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (t) see page 1. 



Small CAPiTAL8=approved common names. 



276 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



MAGNOLIA (Hort. var.). continued 

Purple Saucer Magnolia (M. 

soulangeana rusiica'\ Cy; rustica) 

Saucer M. (M. soulangeana'^ Cy; 

den udata X lili flora) 
Striped Saucer M. {M. s. sped- 
osat Cy; alexandrina speciosa) 

Magnolia Magnolia 

Alexant)ER M. (M. soulangeana 
alexandrina^ Cy) 

Anise M M. salicifolia 

BiGLEAF M. . . . M. macrophylla 
CucuMBERTREE . . M. acuminata 
ExMOUTH M. (il/. grandiflora exo- 
niensis't Cy) 

Fraser M M. fraseri 

Galisson M. (M. grandiflora galis- 

soniensis^ Cy) 
Gloriosa M. (M. g. gloriosa^ Cy) 

KoBus M M. kobus 

Large Saucer M. Hort. var. of M 

soulangeana. 
Lenne M. {M. s. lennei] Cy) 

Lily M M. obovata 

Narrowleaf Southern M. {M 

grandiflora lanceolata^ Cy) 
NoRBERT M. {M. soulangeana nor- 
hertiana] Cy) 

Oyama M M. parviflora 

PiNKSTAR M. {M. stellata rosea-\ Cy) 
Purple Lily M. (M. liliflora 

nigra\ Cy) 
Purple Saucer M. {M. soulan- 
geana rustical Cy) 
Pyramid M. . . M. pyramidata 
Saucer M. {M. soulangeana"^ Cy) 

Silver M M. hypoleuca 

Southern M. . . M. grandiflora 

Star M M. stellata 

Striped Saucer M. {M. soulan- 
geana speciosa] Cy) 

Sweetbay M. glauca 

Thompson M . M. thompsoniana 
Umbrella M. . . . M. tripetala 

Watson M M. watsoni 

Wilson M M. wilsoni 

Yellow Cucumbertree 

M. cor data 

Yulan M. conspicua 

Magnolia Waterlily 

Njrmphaea tuberosa 



Mahala-mats . Ceanothus prostratus 
Mahaleb Cherry . Prunus mahaleb 

Mahogany Swietenia 

Mountain-mahogany 

Cercocarpus ledifolius 
Valley-mahogany . C. parvifolius 
West Indian ]\L 

Swietenia mahogani 
Mahogany Gum, Mahogany Trout- 
lily, etc. See Gum, Troutlily, 
etc. 

MAHONIA ..... Hollygrape 

If this group is separated from Berberis 
as a genus, its name under the American 
Rules is Odostemon. 

aquifolium (Berberis aquifolium Ag) 
Oregon Hollygrape 
bealei (M. japonica Cy) 

Leatherleaf H. 

See note under M. japonica. 

fortunei (5. fortunei Ag) 

Chinese H 

japonica 

This name has been commonly mis- 
appHed to Mahonia bealei. The true M. 
japonica, of botanists, is not in the trade. 

nervosa {B. nervosa Ag) 

LoNGLEAF Hollygrape 

nevini {B. nevini Ag) Fernando H. 

pinnata (B. pinnata Ag; B. fas- 

cicularis) .Cluster Hollygrape 

repens (B. repens Ag) Creeping H 

MAIANTHEMUM 

bifolium {Unifolium hifolium Ag; 

Smilacina hifolia) 
canadense ( U. canadense Ag) 

Maiden Pink . . Dianthus deltoides 

Maidengrass (Miscanthus sinensis 
gracillimus\ Cy) 

Maidenhair 
American AL Adiantum pedatum 
Australian M. . . A. formosum 
Barb.\dos M. (A. farleyense Cy) 
Bause M. Hort. var. of A 
tenerum. 

Bermuda M A. bellum 

Crowe 'SI. (A. cuneatum crow- 
eanumj Cy) 

Delta M A. cuneatum 

Diamond ^L . . A. trapeziforme 

Fan M A. tenerum 

Mist M A. gracillimum 



MAIDENHAIR— MALUS 



277 



Maidenhair, continued 

Peruvian M. . Adiantum wagneri 
Rosy M. Hort. var. of A. teneriim 
Southern M. .A. capillus-veneris 
St, Catharine M. Hort. var. of A. 

trapeziforme. 
Tassel M. {A. cuneatum grandi- 

cepsf Cy) 
Trailing M. ... A. caudatum 
Walking M. ... A. lunulatum 
Maidenhair Meadowrue, Maiden- 
hair Spleenwort, etc. See Mead- 
owrue, Spleenwort, etc. 
Maidenhair-tree . . Ginkgo biloba 

Maize Zea mays 

Striped M. Hort. var. of Z. mays 
Malabar Bombax, Malabar Glory- 
lily, etc. See Bombax, Glory- 
lily, etc. 
Malabar-plum . . .Eugenia jambos 
MALAC HE Ag . . . . PAVONIA 
MALACOCARPUS 

leninghausei {Echinocactus lening- 

hausei) 
mammulosus (E. mammulosus) 
ottonis {E. ottonis Cy) 
submammulosus {E. suhmammu- 

losus) 
tabularis (E. tahularis) 
MALACOTHRIX 
califomica 
glabra 

Malanga Xanthosoma 

X. bataviense 

X. lindeni 

X. marshalli 

X. violaceum 

X. maculatum 

X. sagittifolium 



Dutch M. . 

Linden M. . 

Marshall M 

Primrose M. 

Spotted M. . 

Yautia . . . 
MALCOMIA 

maritima 
Male Bamboo, Male Fern, etc. 

See Bamboo, Fern, etc. 
Mallow Malva 

Curly M M. crispa 

Globemallow . . . Sphaeralcea 

Hollyhock M. . . Malva alcea 

Marshmallow . Altha-ea officinalis 



Musk Mallow 

Poppy-mallow 

Prairiemallow 



Malva moschata 
. . . Callirhoe 
. . . Sidalcea 



Mallow, continued 

Rosemallow Hibiscus 

Treemallow Lavatera 

Waxmallow .... Malvaviscus 
White Musk M. (Malva moschata 
albat Cy) 
Mallow Ninebark 

Physocarpus malvaceus 

MALPIGHIA Malpighia 

coccigera Holly M. 

Maltese Cross Lychnis chalcedonica 
White IMaltese C. Hort. var. of 
L. chalcedonica. 

Malu-creeper . . Bauhinia vahli 

MALUS Apple, Crab 

For varieties of Apple and Crab culti- 
vated for their fruit, see American 
Pomological Society's List of Fruits, 
in Appendix. 

angustifolia (Pyrus angustifolia Cy) 

Southern Crab 

arnoldiana] Ar ... Arnold C. 

See hort. var. list on page 278. 

alrosanguinea] Ar . Carmine C. 

See hort. var. list on page 278. 

baccata {Pyrus baccata Cy) 

Siberian C. 

— jacki Jack C. 

— mandshurica . Manchurian C. 

cerasifera 

This name, as well as the name M. 
cerasiformis, has been applied erron- 
eously to the Cherry Crab. See hort. 
var. list on page 278. 

coronaria (Pyrus coronaria Cy) 

Wild Sweet Crab 

crataegifolia . . . . M. florentina 

dawsoniana (Pyrus dawsoniana Cy) 

Dawson Cr.ab 

florentina (crataegifolia; Pyrus flor- 

entinaCy) . . Florentine Cr.ab 

floribunda (Pyrus pidcherrima Cy; 

P. floribunda) 

Japanese Flowering Crab 
— niedzwetzkyana 

M. niedzwetzkyana 
— scheideckeri . . M. scheideckeri 

See also hort. var. list on page 278. 

fusca (rivularis; Pyrus fusca Cy) 

Oregon Crab 

glaucescens (Pyrus glaucescens Cy) 
Dunbar Crab 



278 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



MALUS, continued 

halliana (P. halliana Cy) Hall Crab 

See also hort. var. list opposite. 

ioensis (P. ioensis Cy) . Prairie C. 

See also hort. var. list opposite. 

malus M. sylvestris 

micromalus (Pyrus micromalus Cy) 

Midget Crab 

niedzwetzkyana (P. malus niedz- 

u-etzkyana Cy; P. niedzwetskyana ; 

Malus pitmila niedzwetskyana At) 

Redvein Crab 

parkmani Parkman C. 

See hort. var. list opposite. 

prunifolia {Pyrus prunifolia Cy) 

Pearleaf C. 

— rinki {ringo; Pyrus prunifolia 
rinki Cy) . . . Chinese Apple 

pumila Ar 

According to the Arnold Arboretum 
the common cultivated apple belongs to 
Malus pumila, a species distinct from 
M. sylvestris. 

purpurea^ Ar . . . Purple Crab 

See hort. var. list opposite. 

ringo .... M. prunifolia rinki 

rivularis M. fusca 

rohusta-\ Ar . . . Cherry Crab 

See hort. var. list opposite. 

sargenti {Pyrus sargenti Cy) 

Sargent C. 

scheideckeri (P. pulcherrima schei- 

deckeri Cy) . Scheidecker Crab 

sieboldi {toringo; Pyrus sieholdi Cy) 

ToRiNGO Crab 

soulardi {Pyrus soulardi Cy) 

SOULARD C. 

spectabilis (P. spedahilis Cy) 

Chinese Flowering C. 

See also hort. var. list opposite. 

suhlohata^ At . Yellow Autumn C. 

See hort. var. list opposite. 

sylvestris {Pyru^ malus Cy; Malus 
malus) Apple 

See note under M. pumila. 
For varieties of Apple cultivated for 
their fruit, see American Pomological 
Society's List of Fruits, in Appendix. 

theifera (P. theifera Cy) Tea Crab 

toringo M. sieboldi 

toringoides . . . Cutleaf Crab 



MALUS, continued 

transitoria .... Tibetan Crab 

tschonoski 

zumi (Pyrus zumi Cy) . . Zumi C. 
Hort. var. of Malus: 

Arnold Crab (baccata X floribunda; 
M. arnoldiana'f Ar; Pyrus pul- 
cherrima arnoldiana Cy) 

Bechtel C. {Malus ioensis plena\ 
Ar; ioensis bechteli) 

Carmine C. {halliana X sieboldi; 
M. atrosanguinea\ Ar; Pyrus at- 
rosanguinea Cy) 

Cherry C. (baccata X prunifolia; 
Malus robusta\ Ar; Pyrus cerasi- 
fera Cy) 

DoL^BLE Chinese C. {spectabilis 
riversi fiorepleno) 

DoL^LE Pink Chinese C. {spectab- 
ilis riversi rosea plena) 

Double White Chinese C. {spec- 
tabilis alba plena) 

Parkman C. {Malus halliana 
parkmani] Ar; Pyrus halliana 
parkma7ii Cy; P. parkmani; M. 
parkynani) 

Purple C. {floribunda purpurea, 
M. purpurea'\ Ar) 

Rivers Chinese C. {M. spectabilis 
riversi'\ Ar; Pyrus spectabilis 
riversi Cy; spectabilis river siana) 

Yellow Autumn C. {prunifolia 
rinki X sieboldi; Malus sub- 
lobnta\ Ar) 

MALVA Mallow 

alcea Hollyhock M. 

crispa Curly M. 

miniata . . Sphaeralcea cisplatina 
moschata .... Musk Mallow 

Hort. var. of Malva: 

White Musk Mallow {M. mos- 
chata alba'\ Cy) 

MALVAVISCUS . . . Waxmallow 
arboreus {Achania malvaviscus) 

Waxmallow 
Mame Cherry . . Pninus incisa 
Mamey . . Mammea; M. americana 

MAMMEA- Mamey 

americana Mamey 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. I T Alic==s,ynonyms or unapproved names. 



MAMMILLARIA— MANGLES 



279 



MAMMILLARIA 

angularis 

applanata 

arizonica 

bicolor 

bocasana 

Candida 

caputmedusae 

camea 

carreti 

celsiana 

centricirrha 

— macrantha 

cirrhifera 

clava 

conoidea 

comifera 

decipiens 

dioica 

dolichocentra 

echinus 

elegans 

elephantidens 

elongata 

erecta 

eriacantha 

formosa 

gigantea 

gracilis 

grahami 

gummifera 

halei 

heeseana 

heyderi 

lasiacantha 

leona 

lesaunieri 

longimamma 

macromeris 

meiacantha 

melanocentra 

micromeris . 

microthele 

minima 

missouriensis 

mutabilis 

nickelsi 

nivea 

nuttalli 

parkinsoni 



Button Cactqp 



MAMMILLARIA, continued 

pectinata 

perbella 

phellosperma 

plumosa 

polyedra 

potosina 

pusilla 

radians 

radiosa 

raphidacantha 

recurvata 

rhodantha 

robustispina 

roseana 

scheeri 

schelhasei 

seitziana 

sempervivi 

senilis 

setispina 

sphaerica 

spinosissima 

stella-aurata . Goldenstar Cactus 

strobiliformis 

tuberculata 

uncinata 

vivipara 

wildi 

wrighti 

zephyxanthoides 
Mammoth Clover Trifolium medium 
Mamoncillo . . Melicocca bijuga 
Manchurian Ash, Manchurian 
Crab, etc. See Ash, Crab, etc. 
Mandacaru . . Cereus jamacaru 
Mandarin Orange 

Citrus nobilis deliciosa 
MANDEVILLA 

suaveolens . . . Chile-jasmine 

MANETTIA Manettia 

bicolor 
inflata 

MANGIFERA 
indica Mango 

For cultivated varieties of Mango, see 
the American Pomological Society's 
List of Fruits, in Appendix. 

Mangles Everlasting 

Heliptenim manglesi 



Small CAPiTALS=approved common names. Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (t) see page 1. 



280 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Mango Mangifera indica 

For cultivated varieties, see American 
Pomological Society's List of Fruits, 
in Appendix. 

Mangosteex . Garcinia mangostana 

MANIHOT 

esculenta {M. utilissima Cy) 

Cassava 
Manila Grass, Manila Tama- 
rind, etc. See Grass, Tamarind, 
etc. 
Manna Gum . . Eucalyptus viminalis 
Mannagrass • 

Water M . . Panicularia aquatica 
Manzanita 
Great M. . Arctostaphylos glauca 

Woolly M A. tomentosa 

Maple Acer 

Amur M A. ginnala 

Ashleaf M. Boxelder: A. negundo 

Balkan M A. heldreichi 

Bentleaf Norway ]\1. {A. plal- 

anoides laciniatum\ Cy) 
Bigmoon M . {A. japonicum macro- 

phylhwf\ Cy) 
BiGTOOTH M . . A. grandidentatum 

Black ]\I A. nigrum 

Blood LEAF Japanese M. (A. pal- 

matum atropurpureum'\ Cy) 
Bloodleaf Norway M. {A. plata- 

noides ruhrum^ Cy) 
Bloodvein M. {A. palmatum atro- 
lmeare'\ Cy) 

Boxelder A. negundo 

California B. . A. n. californicum 
Chalk Maple . . A. leucoderme 
Coliseum M. . A. cappadocicum 
Column M. (A. platanoides col- 

umnare] Cy) 
Crested M. (A. palmatum cris- 

pwmt Cy) 
Crimped Norway M. (A. plat- 
anoides cucullatum\ Cy) 

Cutleaf M Wier Maple 

Cutleaf Norway M. (A. plat- 
anoides dissectum\ Cy) 

Devil M A. diabolicum 

Dusty M. {A. campestre pidveru- 

lentu7n-\ Cy) 
Dwarf Red M. 

A. rubrum globosum 



Maple, continued 

Fernleaf M. {Acer japonicum par- 

sonsi-\ Cy) 
Fullmoon M. . . Acer japonicum 
Geneva M. Hort. var. of A. plat- 
anoides. 
Globe M. {A. p. globosum^ Cy) 
Golden Boxelder (A. negundo 

auratum'\ Cy) 
GoLDENMOON Maple (A. joponi- 

cum aureum\ Cy) 
Green-net M. (A. palmatum retic- 
ulatum^ Cy) 

Hedge M A. campestre 

Henry M A. henryi 

Japanese M. . . . A. palmatum 
Leopold M. (A. pseudoplatanus 

l.eopoldi] Cy) 
Manchurian M. 

A. mandschuricum 

MONTPELIER M. 

A. monspessulanum 
Mountain M. . . . A. spicatum 
Norway M. . . . A. platanoides 
Oregon M. . . A. macrophyllum 

Painted M A. pictum 

Persian M A. insigne 

Pinkedge M. (A. palmatum roseo- 

marginatum\ Cy) 
Purple Sycamore M. (A. pseudo- 
platanus purpurascens'\ Cy) 
Pyramidal Silver M. Hort. var. 
of A. dasycarpum. 

Red M A. rubrum 

Red Japanese M. (A. palmatum 

ruhrum\ Cy) 
Redbud M. . . . A. trautvetteri 
Red-devil M. 

A. diabolicum purpurascens 

Rock M Sugar Maple 

Rocky Mountain M. . A. glabrum 
Scarlet Japanese M. (A. pal- 
matum sanguineum\ Cy) 
ScHWEDLER M. (A. pMauoides 

schwedleri\ Cy) 
Sentry M. (A. saccharum monu- 

mentale^ Cy) 
Se\^nlobe M. (A. palmatum sep- 

temlobum^ Cy) 
Silver M. ... A. dasycarpum 
Spiderleaf jM. (A. palmatum or- 
natum] Cy) 



MAPLE— MARJORAM 



281 



Maple, continued 

Stoll Maple (Acer -platanoides 
^ stolli\ Cy) 

Striped M. . Acer pennsylvanicum 
Sugar M. ... A. sacchanim 
Sunrise M. {Acer yalmatum au- 

reum] Cy) 
Sycamore M, . A. pseudoplatanus 
T ATARI AN M. . . . A. tataricum 
Thread leaf M. {A. palmatum 

dissectum\ Cy) 
Trident M. . . A. buergerianum 
Veiny Sycamore M. (A. pseudo- 
platanus nervosum^ Cy) 
Velvet M. . A. insigne velutinum 

Vine M A. circinatum 

Wier M. {A . saccharinum wieri Cy) 
Yellow Sycamore M. {A. pseudo- 
platanus worleeit Cy) 
Mapleleaf Geranium, Mapleleaf 
Viburnum, etc. See Geranium, 
Viburnum, etc. 
Maplewort Aceranthus ; A. diphyllus :, 
MARANTA . Arrowroot, Maranta 
arundinacea Bermuda Arrowroot 
closoni] Cy . . Closon Maranta 

See hort. var. list below. 

goveniana\ Cy . . . Spotted M. 

See hort. var. list below. 

illustris Calathea illustris 

insignis C. insignis 

kerchoveana . Redspot Maranta 

Hort. var. of M. leuconeura. 

leuconeura .... Banded M. 

See also hort. var. list below. 

makoyana . . Calathea makoyana 

inassangeana . Liege Maranta 

See hort. var. list below. 

roseopicta . . Calathea roseopicta 
sanderiana . . . . C. sanderiana 
vandenheckei . . C. vandenheckei 

vittata C. vittata 

Hort. var. of Maranta: 
Closon M. {M. closoni^ Cy) 
Liege M. (M. leuconeura massan- 

geana-\ Cy; massangeana) 
Redspot M. {M. leuconeura ker- 
choveana] Cy; kerchoveana) 
Spotted M. (M. goveniana] Cy) 
Marbled Alumroot, Marbled But- 
TERFLYFLOWER, etc. See Alum- 
root, Butterflyflower, etc. 



Margarita Spirea (Spiraea mar- 

garitae't Cy) 
Mardin Iris . . Iris mesopotamica 
Marguerite 

Chrysanthemum fnitescens 
Maries Balloonflower, Maries 
Fir, etc. See Balloonflower, 
Fir, etc. 

Marigold Tagetes 

African M. . . Aztec Marigold 

Aztec M Tagetes erecta 

Cape-marigold 

Dimorphotheca ; D. annua 
Corn-marigold 

Chrysanthemum segetum 
Dwarf M. (Tagetes signala pu- 

mila] Cy) 
Figmarigold Mesembryanthemum 
French M. . . . Tagetes patula 
Marshmarigold 

Caltha; C. palustris 
Pot-marigold Cal- 
endula: Calendula officinalis 
Striped M, . . . Tagetes signata 
Sweet M T. lucida 

MARILAUNIDIUM .... NAM A 

Mariposa Calochortus 

Brown-eyed M. C. luteus oculatus 
Catalina M. ... C. catalinae 
El Dorado M. Hort. var. of C. 
venustus. 

Fairy M C. uniflorus 

Globe-tulip . Calochojrtus species 
GoLDENBOWL M. . . . C. clavatus 
Gunnison M. . . . C. gunnisoni 

Howell M C. howelli 

Lemon M. . . C. luteus citrinus 

Lilac M C. splendens 

Purple-eye M. . . . C. nitidus 
Pussy-ears . Calochortus species 
Sagebrush M. . C. macrocarpus 

San Diego M C. weedi 

Santa M C. plummerae 

Sego-lily C. nuttalli 

Smoky M C. leichtlini 

Vesta M . . . . C, luteus vestae 

White M C. venustus 

Yellow M C. luteus 

Marjoram Origanum 

Sweet M O. majorana 

Wild M O. vulgare 



282 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Marlberry . . Ardisia pickeringia 
Marly Lilac (Syringa vulgaris mar- 

lyensis'\ Cy) 
Maroon Gaillardia 

Gaillardia amblyodon 
Marret Rose .... Rosa marreti 
MARRUBIUM . . . Hoarhound 

vulgar e Common H. 

Marsh Rosegentian, Marsh Vale- 
rian, etc. See Rosegentian, 
Valerian, etc. 
Marshall Malanga 

Xanthosoma marshalli 
MARSHALLIA . . . Marshallia 

trinervia 

Marshfern . Dryopteris thelypteris 

Marshmallow . . Althaea officinalis 

Marshmarigold Caltha; C. palustris 

Double M. Hort. var. of C. 

palustris. 

Great M C. polypetala 

Semi-double M. Hort. var. of C 
palustris. 

MARSILEA Pepperwort 

quadrifolia 
Martagon Lily . Lilium martagon 
Martens Selaginella 

Selaginella martensi 
MARTINEZIA 
caryotaefolia 
Martius Palm 

Trachycarpus martiana 
MARTYNIA .... Unicornplant 
craniolaria . . Craniolaria annua 
fragrans (formosa) 

Sweet Unicornplant 
louisiana (prohoscidea) Common U. 

lutea Yellow U. 

Mary Iris . Iris bamumae mariae 
Maryland Golden-aster, Mary- 
land Meadowbeauty, etc. See 
Golden-aster, Meadowbeauty, 
etc. 
MASDEVALLIA 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

Mascarene Grass 

Osterdamia tenuifolia 

Maskflower Alonsoa 

Flaxleaf M A. linifolia 



Maskflower, continued 

Heartleaf M. Alonsoa warscewiczi 
Lanceleaf M. . . A. acutifolia 
White M. (A. a. candidal Cy) 
Massange Dracena {Dracaena fra- 
grans massangeana\ Cy) 

Masterwort Astrantia 

Great M A. major 

Matilija-poppy . Romneya coulteri 
MATRICARIA . . False-camomile 
grandiflora 

The plant in the trade under this name 
is Double False-camomile, hort. var. of 
M. inodora, not M. grandiflora of 
botanists. 

inodora {Chrysanthemum inodorum) 
Scentless False-camomile 
parthenoides {capensis) 

Feverfew-camomile 
Hort. var. of Matricaria: 

Double False-camomile {M. ino- 
dora plenissima] Cy) 
Matrimony-vine 

Barbarry M. . Lycium barbarum 
Chinese M. ... L. chinense 
Common M. . . . L. halimifolium 
European M. . . L. europaeum 
MATTEUCCIA . . . PTERETIS 
MATTHIOLA Stock 

Some authors maintain that under the 
American Rules the name of this genus 
is Cheiranthus. 

bicomis Grecian Stock 

incana Common S. 

— annua Annual S. 

MAURANDIA .... Maurandia 

antirrhiniflora 

Antirrhinum maurandioides 

barclaiana . Barclay Maurandia 

lophospermum {Lophospermum sea - 

dens) . Plumeseed Maurandia 

Mauve Betony, Mauve Phlox, etc. 

See Betony, Phlox, etc. 
MAXILLARIA 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

Maximilian Sunflower 

Helianthus maximiliani 
Maxwell Spruce {Picea excelsa 
maxwelli'\ Cy) 

Mayapple Podophyllum 

Common M P. peltatum 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. irAiic=synonyms or unapproved names. 



MAYAPPLE— MELALEUCA 



283 



Mayapple, continued 

Himalayan M. 

Podophyllum emodi 
Mayflower 

Trailing-arbutus: Epigaea repens 
Mayflower Rhododendron 

Rhododendron racemosum 
Maypop . . . Passiflora incarnata 
Mays Brake (Pteris cretica mayi-\ Cy) 
Mayten .... Maytenus boaria 
MAYTENUS 

boaria Mayten 

Mazzard Prunus avium 

Meadow Anemone, Meadow Brome- 
GRASs, etc. See Anemone, 
Bromegrass, etc. 

Meadot\':beauty Rhexia 

Common M R. virginica 

Maryland M R. mariana 

Meadowfoam . Limnanthes douglasi 

Meadowrue Thalictrum 

Columbine M . . T. aquilegifolium 

Dusty M T. glaucum 

Early M T. dioicum 

Hybrid M. (T. sulfureum] Cy) 

Low M T. minus 

Maidenhair M. {T. m. adianti- 

folium] Cy) 
Purple M. . . . T. dasycarpum 

Tall M T. polygamum 

White Columbine M. Hort. var. 

of T. aquilegifolium. 
Yellow M. . . . T. paniculatum 
Yunnan M. . . T. dipterocarpum 
Meadowrue Paullinia 

Paullinia thalictrifolia 

Meadowsweet .... Filipendula 

Carmine M. (Filipendula rubra ve- 

nusta^ Cy) 
Double Dropwort (F. hexapetala 

florepleno Cy) 
Double European M. (F. ulmaria 

plena-\ Cy) 
Dropwort ... F. hexapetala 

European M F. ulmaria 

Japanese M. . . . F. purpurea 
Kamchatka M . . F. camtschatica 

Prairie M F. rubra 

Showy Japanese M. (F. purpurea 
elegans] Cy) 



Meadowsweet, continued 

Siberian M. . Filipendula palmata 

White Japanese M. (F. jmrvurea 

alha\ Cy) 

Mealycup Sage . . Salvia farinacea 

Mealymat (Sedum hjdiuni glaucum^ 

Cy) 

MECONOPSIS 

bella 

cambrica Welshpoppy 

grandis 

heterophylla .... Flamepoppy 

integrifolia 

Yellow Chinese-poppy 

wallichi Satinpoppy 

Hort. var. of Meconopsis: 

Double Welshpoppy {M. cam- 
brica florepleno Cy) 
MEDEOLA .... Cucumber-root 

virginica .... Cucumber-root 
MEDICAGO Medick 

arborea Tree Alfalfa 

sativa Alfalfa 

scutellata .... Snail Medick 
Medick Medicago 

Snail M M. scutellata 

MEDINILLA Medinilla 

magnifica 

teysmanni (amal 
MEDIOCACTUS 

coccineus (Cereus 
Mediterranean Convolvulus 

Convolvulus althaeoides 
Medlar . . Mespilus germanica 

For varieties of Medlar cultivated for 
their fruit, see American Pomological 
Society's List of Fruits, in Appendix. 

MEGACLINIUM 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

MEGAPTERIUM . OENOTHERA 

MEGASEA SAXIFRAGA 

MEGOTIGEA Ag 

HELICODICEROS 
MEIBOMIA Ag . . DESMODIUM 
Meiwa Kumquat 

Fortunella crassifolia 
MELALEUCA .... Melaleuca 

armillaris {alba) . . Drooping M. 

decussata Lilac M. 



Small CAPiTALS=approved common names. Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (t) see page 1. 



284 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



MELALEUCA, continued 

ericifolia . . Heath Melaleuca 
hypericifolia (oppositifolia) 

Dotted M. 

incana Gray M. 

leucadendron . . Cajeput-tree 
nesophila . . . Pink Melaleuca 
wilsoni Wilson M. 

MELANTHIUM . . Bunchflower 
virginicum (canadense) 

Melbourne Coralbush 

Templetonia retusa 

MELIA 

azedarach Chinaberry 

— umbraculiformis (M. a. umbracu- 
lifera Ag) 

Texas Umbrella-tree 

MELIANTHUS .... Honei-bush 
major Bigleaf H. 

MELICOCCA 

bijuga (Melicoccus hijugatus Ag) 

Mamoncillo 
MELICOCCUS Ag . MELICOCCA 
MELILOTUS . . . Sweetclover 

alba White S. 

MELISSA Balm 

officinalis Common B 

Melissa Thoroughwort . . Eupa- 

torium aromaticum melissoides 

Melon . . Cucumis; C. melo 

Dud aim M. . . . C. melo dudaim 

MusKMELON C. melo 

Snake M. . . . C. melo flexuosus 

Watermelon . Citnillus vulgaris 
MELOTHRIA 

punctata {Pilogyne suavis) 

scabra 
Melvin Jerusalem-cherry {Sola- 

num capsicastrum melvini\ Cy) 
MENISPERMUM . . . Moonseed 

canadense .... Common M. 

dauricum Asiatic M. 

MENTHA Mint 

arvensis Field M. 

canadensis . American Wild M. 

citrata Bergamot M. 

piperita Peppermint 

pulegium Pennyroyal 

requieni .... Requien Mint 



MENTHA, continued 

rotundifolia .... Apple Mint 

spicata {viridis) . . . Spearmint 

MENTZELIA . . . Blazing-star 

aurea {M. lindleyi Ag; Bartonia 

aurea) ^ 

laevicaulis 

MENYANTHES Bogbean 

trifoliata Common B. 

Menzies Nemophila, Menzies Spi- 
rea, etc. See Nemophila, Spirea, 
etc. 

MENZIESIA Menziesia 

pilosa Allegheny M. 

MERATIA .... Wintersweet 
praecox (Chimonanthus fragrans; 
Calycanthus praecox) 

Wintersweet 

MERIANA WATSONIA 

MERIDIAN A Ag . . . GAZANIA 
MERIOLIX . . . OENOTHERA 

Merri-bells Uvularia 

Big M U. grandiflora 

Little M U. sessilifolia 

Wood M U. perfoliata 

MERTENSIA Bluebells 

ciliata Mountain B. 

virginica {pulmonarioides) 

Virginia B. 
Mescalbean . Sophora secundiflora 
MESEMBRYANTHEMUM 

FiGMARIGOLD 

cordifolium . . . Heartleaf F. 

crystallinum Iceplant 

pyropeum (tricolor) 

Tricolor Figmarigold 

roseum Rose F. 

MESPILUS Medlar 

germanica Medlar 

For varieties of Medlar cultivated for 
their fruit, see American Pomological 
Society's List of Fruits, in Appendix. 

Messmate Gum . Eucalyptus obliqua 

Metcalfe Bean . Phaseolus retusus 

METROSIDEROS . . . Irontree 

floribunda . Callistemon lanceolatus 

robusta Rata 

semperflorens 

Callistemon lanceolatus 



MEXICAN— MISCANTHUS 



285 



Mexican Abelia, Mexican Cam- 
pion, etc. See Abelia, Campion, 
etc. 
Mexican-orange . Choisya temata 
Mexican-star . . . Milla biflora 
Meyer Juniper, Meyer Lilac, etc. 

See Juniper, Lilac, etc. 
Michaelmas-daisy Aster tradescanti 
MiCHAux Buckeye, Michaux Saxi- 
frage, etc. See Buckeye, Saxi- 
frage, etc. 
MICHAUXIA 

campanuloides 
MICHELIA 

fuscata {Magnolia fuscata) 

Banana-shrub 
MICRAMPELIS Ag 

ECHINOCYSTIS 
MICRANTHES . . . SAXIFRAGA 

MlDDENDORFF StONECROP 

Sedum middendorffianum 

Midget Crab . . Malus micromalus 

Midwinter Euonymus {Euonymus 
hungeanus semipersistens'\ Cy) 

Mignonette Reseda 

Common M R. odorata 

Mikado Spirea (Spiraea jajponica 
atrosanguinea] Cy) 

Mikan Palm . Rhopalostylis sapida 

Milkvetch Astragalus 

Foxtail M. . . A. alopecuroides 

Milkweed Asclepias 

Bloodflower . , A. curassavica 
Butterflyweed . . A. tuberosa 

Common M A. syriaca 

Hairy M A. pulchra 

Horsetail M. . . .A. verticillata 
Pink Swamp M. A. incarnata rosea 

Red M A. rubra 

Smooth M A. sullivanti 

Swamp M A. incarnata 

Milkweed Gentian 

Gentiana asclepiadea 

Milky Bellflower 

Campanula lactiflora 

MILLA 
biflora Mexican-star 

Millet .... Chaetochloa italica 
African M. . . Eleusine coracana 
Broomcorn M. Panicum miliaceum 



Millet, continued 

Japanese M. 

Echinochloa crusgalli edulis 
Pearl M. . Pennisetum glaucum 

MILLETTIA Millettia 

japonica Japanese M. 

megasperma . . Winterwisteria 

MILTONIA .... Pansy-orchid 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

MILTONIODA 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

MILTONIOPSIS . . MILTONIA 
MiLo. Hort. var. of Holcus sorghum 

MIMOSA Mimosa 

pudica Sensitiveplant 

MIMULUS . . . Monkeyflower 

brevipes Canary M. 

cardinalis Crimson M. 

cupreus Chilean M. 

glutinosus Bush M. 

lewisi Lewis M. 

luteus Golden M. 

— alpinus Alpine M. 

moschatus .... Muskplant 

ringens 

Allegheny Monkeyflower 
Hort. var. of Mimulus : 

Mottled Monkeyflower (tigri- 
nus). Hort. var. of M. luteus. 

MINA QUAMOCLIT 

Mint Mentha 

American Wild M. M. canadensis 

Apple M M. rotundifolia 

Bergamot M M. citrata 

English M Cost- 

mary: Chrysanthemum balsamita 
Field M. . . . Mentha arvensis 
Mountain-mint . Pycnanthemum 
Pennyroyal . Mentha pulegium 

Peppermint M. piperita 

Requien M. ... M. requieni 

Spearmint M. spicata 

Stonemint . . . Cunila mariana 

MIRABILIS . . . Four-o'clock 

jalapa Common F. 

longiflora Sweet F. 

MISCANTHUS 

sinensis (Eulalia japonica) Eulalia 



286 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Hort. var. of Miscanthus : 
Golden Zebra Grass (Eulalia ja- 
ponica zebrina stricta). Hort. var. 
of M. sinensis. 
Maiden Grass {E. j. gracillima; 
E. gracillima univittata; M. si- 
nensis gracillimus] Cy) 
Striped Eulalia {E. j. variegata; 

M. s. variegatus\ Cy) 
Zebra Grass {E. j. zebrina; M. s. 
zehrinus^ Cy) 
Missouri Gooseberry, Missouri 
Hawthorn, etc. See Goose- 
berry, Hawthorn, etc. 
Mist Maidenhair 

Adiantum gracillimum 
Mistflower 

Eupatorium coelestinum 
Mistletoe 
American M. 

Phoradendron flavescens 

European M. . . Viscum album 

Mistletoe Cactus, Mistletoe Fig, 

etc. See Cactus, Fig, etc. 
Misty Woodruff 

Asperula hexaphylla 

MITCHELLA . . Partridgeberry 
repens .... Partridgeberry 

MITELLA BiSHOPSCAP 

diphylla Common B. 

nuda 

Miyabe Spirea . . Spiraea miyabei 

MiYAMA Cherry 

Prunus maximowiczi 

MoCK-CUCUMBER 

Echinocystis ; E. lobata 
Mockernut .... Hicoria alba 
MocKORANGE .... Philadclphus 

See also hort. var. list under Philadel- 
phus. 

Beadle M P. floridus 

Big M. (Philadelphus coronarius 

grandiflorus] Cy) 
Big Scentless M. P. grandiflonis 
Double M. (P. coronarius flore- 

pleno Cy) 

Drooping M P. laxus 

Dwarf Sweet M. (P. coronarius 

nanus'\ Cy) 
Gordon M. . . . P. gordonianus 



MocKORANGE, continued 

Gray M. . Philadelphus incanus 

Hairy M P. hirsutus 

HoARYLEAF M. . . P. pubesceus 
Jack M. (P. schrenki jackij Cy) 
Lemoine M. ... P. lemoinei 
LiTTLELEAF M. . P. microphyllus 
Magdalena M. . p. magdalenae 

Nepal M P. nepalensis 

Peking M P. pekinensis 

Purplecup M . . P. purpurascens 
PuRPLESPOT M. (P. phantasia pur- 

pureomaculatus Cy) 
RouNDLEAF M. (P. coronarius spe- 

ciosissimus\ Cy) 
Satsuma M. . . P. satsumanus 

Scentless M P. inodonis 

ScHRENK M P. schrenki 

Silk M P. sericanthus 

Star M P. falconeri 

Sweet M P. coronarius 

Western M P. lewisi 

Willowleaf M. (P. coronarius sali- 

cifolius'\ Cy) 

See also hort. var. list under Philadel- 
phus. 

MoCK-STRAWBERRY 

Duchesnea; D. indica 

MOERHEIM AUBRIETIA, MOERHEIM 

Bellflower, etc. See Aubrietia, 
Bellflower, etc. 
Mohave Rose . . Rosa mohavensis 

MOLDAVICA As 

DRAG OCEPH ALUM 
MoLEROOT Lily . . Lilium leichtlini 

MOLINIA 

caerulea {Aira caerulea) 
Hort. var. of Molinia: 

Striped Molinia (M. caerulea va- 
riegata'\ Cy) 
Molucca-balm Moluccella; M.laevis 

MOLUCCELLA . . Molucca-balm 
laevis Molucca-balm 

Mombin 

Purple M. . . Spondias purpurea 
Yellow M S. mombin 

Momi Fir Abies firma 

MOMORDICA . . Balsamapple 
balsamina . . . Balsamapple 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. irAZic=synonyms or unapproved names. 



MOMORDICA— MORETON 



287 



MOMORDICA, continued 

charantia .... Balsam-pear 
elaterium . . Ecballium elaterium 
Monarch Birch, Monarch Iris, 
etc. See Birch, Iris, etc. 

MONARDA Beebalm 

didyma Oswego B. 

See also hort. var. list below. 
fistulosa .... WiLDBERGAMOT 

— media Purple W. 

— 7nollis Cy M. mollis 

See also hort. var. list below. 

mollis {M. fistulosa mollis Cy) 

Hairy Wildbergamot 
punctata . . Spotted Beebalm 

russelliana Russell B. 

Hort. var. of Monarda: 

Amaranth Beebalm {didyma vio- 

lacea superha) 
Blazing B. (splendens) Hort. var. 

of M. didyma. 
Rose B. (M. didyma rosea-\ Cy) 
Salmon B. (M. d. salmonea] Cy) 
White B. {didyma alba) 
White Wildbergamot {fistulosa 

alba) 

MONDIA Ag . . CHLOROCODON 
Moneywort Lysimachia nummularia 
Mongolian Daphne, Mongolian 

Deutzia, etc. See Daphne, 

Deutzia, etc. 



Monkeycomb 

Argentine M. 

Mexican M. 
Monkeyflower 

Allegheny M 

Alpine M. . 

Bush M. . . 

Canary M. . 

Chilean M. 

Crimson M. 

Golden M. . 

Lewis M. 

Mottled M. 
luteus. 

Muskplant . . . M. moschatus 
Monkeypuzzle Araucaria imbricata 
Monkshood Aconitum 

Aconite A. napellus 



Pithecoctenium 

P. cynanchoides 

. P. muricatum 

. . . Mimulus 

M. ringens 

M. luteus alpinus 

M. glutinosus 

M. brevipes 

M. cupreus 

M. cardinalis I 

M. luteus 

M. lewisi 

Hort. var. of M 



Monkshood, continued 

Arbor M. Hort. var. of Aconitum 

variegatum. 
Autumn M. . Aconitum autumnale 

Azure M A. fischeri 

Chinese M. ... A. chinense 
Clambering M. . A. uncinatum 
Manchurian M . .A. variegatum 

Pyrenees M A. anthora 

Violet M. . . A. fischeri wilsoni 
WoLFBANE ... A. lycoctonum 
Monkshood-vine 

Ampelopsis aconitifolia 

MONOTROPA .... Indianpipe 
uniflora Indianpipe 

MONREALE StONECROP 

Sedum monregalense 
MONSTERA 
deliciosa Ceriman 

MONT BRET I A .... TRITONIA 

Monterey Cypress, Monterey 
Pine, etc. See Cypress, Pine, 
etc. 

Montevideo Escallonia 

Escallonia montevidensis 

Montezuma Baldcypress 

Taxodium mucronatum 

MoNTPELiER Maple, Montpelier 
Rockrose, etc. See Maple, 
RocKROSE, etc. 

Monument Elm {Ulmusfoliacea mon- 
umentalise Cy) 

MONVILLEA 

cavendishi {Cereus cavendishi) 

MOONFLOWER 

Calonyction; C. aculeatum 
MooNSEED .... Menispermum 

Asiatic M M. dauricum 

Carolina M. 

Snailseed: Cocculus carolinus 
Common M. 

Menispermum canadense 
Moores Agapanthus {Agapanthus 
umbellatus mooreanus] Cy) 

MORAEA Moraea 

iridioides Iris M. 

Moraea Iris . . Iris sisyrinchium 
MoRETON Bay Fig Ficus macrophylla 



Small CAPiTALS^approved common 



Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (f) see page 1. 



288 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



MORETON-BAY-CHESTNUT 

Castanospermum australe 

MORINDA . . . Indian-mulberry 
citrifolia .... Int>ian-mulberry 

MORINGA . . Horseradish-tree 

The name of this genus under the 
American Rules is Hyperanthera. 

oleifera . . . Horseradish-tree 
MORMODES 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

Morning-glory Ipomoea 

Big Blue M. (/. hederacea grandi- 

flora't Cy) 
Blue Dawnflower ... I. lean 

Brazilian M I. setosa 

Common M I. purpurea 

FiNGERLEAF M. . . . I. digitata 

Ivyleaf M I. hederacea 

Mexican M I. hirsutula 

Silver M. . Argyreia splendens 
SwEETPOTATO . Ipomoea batatas 

Tricolor M I. tricolor 

Trumpet M I. tuba 

White-edge M. (/. hederacea lim- 
hata\ Cy) 
Morocco Convolvulus, Morocco 
Toadflax, etc. See Convolvulus, 
Toadflax, etc. 
Morris Thatch Palm 

Thrinax morrisi 
Morrow Honeysuckle, Morrow 
Sedge, etc. See Honeysuckle, 
Sedge, etc. 

MORUS Mulberry 

acidosa Acid M. 

alba White M. 

— tatarica Russian M. 

multicaulis .... Silkworm M. 

nigra Black M. 

rubra Red M. 

Hort. var. of Moms: 

Globe Mulberry {alba glohosa) 

Weeping M. {Morus alba pen- 
dula] Cy) 

For varieties of Mulberry cultivated for 
their fruit, see American Pomological 
Society's List of Fruits, in Appendix. 

Moscow Honeysuckle {Lonicera 

7nuscaviensis] Cy) 
Moso Bamboo . Phyllostachys mitis 



Mosquito-trap 

Cynanchum acuminatifolium 
Moss 

Clubmoss Lycopodium 

Spanish-moss Tillandsia usneoides 
Moss Arborvitae, Moss Campion, 
etc. See Arborvitae, Campion, 
etc. 
MossYCUP Oak . Quercus macrocarpa 
Moth Bean . Phaseolus aconitifolius 
Mother Chrysanthemum, Mother 
Spleenwort, etc. See Chrys- 
anthemum, Spleenwort, etc. 
Mother-of-thyme Thymus serpyllum 

Motherwort Leonurus 

Common M L. cardiaca 

Moth-orchid .... Phalaenopsis 
Mottled Bauhinia, Mottled Snow- 
bush, etc. See Bauhinia, Snow- 
bush, etc. 
MouNT)LiLY Yucca . Yucca gloriosa 
Mount Atlas Pistache, Mount 
Omei Rose, etc. See Pistache, 
Rose, etc. 
Mountain Alder, Mountain Avens 

etc. See Alder, Avens, etc. 
Mountain-ash Sorbus 



{S. 



. S. americana 
Sorbus species 
S. aucuparia 
S. commixta 
. S. quercifolia 
. S. domestica 
. . S. decora 
aucuparia pen- 



American M. 
Beamtree . 
European M. 
Japanese M. 
Oakleaf M. 
Servicetree 
Showy M. . 
Weeping M. 
dula^ Cy) 
Mountain-bluet Centaurea montana 
Major M. Hort. var. of C. mon- 

. tana. 
Pink M. Hort. var. of C. montana 
Purple M. Hort. var. of C. 

montana. 
Rosy M. (C. m. rosea] Cy) 
White M. (C. m. alba'\ Cy) 
Mountain-dandelion 

Krigia montana 
Mountain-holly 

Nemopanthus mucronatus 
Mountain-laurel . Kalmia latifolia 
Mountain-lilac 
Tall M. . Ceanothus divaricatus 



MOUNTAIN— MYOSOTIS 



289 



Mountain-mahogany 

Cercocarpus ledifolius 

Mountain-mint . . Pycnanthemum 

Slender M. ... P. flexuosum 

Virginia M. . . P. virginianum 

Mourning Cypress, Mourning Iris, 

etc. See Cypress, Iris, etc. 
Mouse-ear Gypsophila 

Gypsophila cerastioides 
MoYEs Rose .... Rosa moyesi 
MUCUNA 

pruriens . . . Stizolobium pruriens 
MUEHLENBECKIA 

The name of this genus under the Ameri- 
can Rules is Calacinum. 

complexa Wirevine 

platyclada Ribbonbush 

Muenden Honeysuckle (Lonicera 

muendeniensis] Cy) 
MuGHO Pine Pinus montana mughus 
Mugwort .... Artemisia vulgaris 

Mulberry Morus 

Acid M M. acidosa 

Black M M. nigra 

French M. . . . American Beau- 

tyberry: Callicarpa americana 

Globe M. Hort. var. of Morus 

alba. ' 
Indian-mulberry 

Morinda; M. citrifolia 
Paper-mulberry 

Broussonetia ; B. papyrifera 

Red M Morus rubra 

Russian M. . . . M. alba tatarica 
Silkworm M. . . M. multicaulis 
Weeping M. {Morus alba pen- 

dula'\ Cy) 
White M M. alba 

For varieties of Mulberry cultivated for 
their fruit, see American Pomological 
Society's List of Fruits, in Appendix. 

Mulberry Chrysanthemum 

Chrysanthemum morifolium 

Mullein Verbascum 

Black M V. nigrum 

Cretan-mullein . Celsia cretica 
Golden GateM Ver- 
bascum longifolium pannosum 
Olympic M. . . . V. olympicum 
Purple M. . . . V. phoeniceum 

Mundi-root . . Chlorocodon whitei 

Mung Bean . . Phaseolus aureus 



Munstead White Columbine {Aqui- 

legia vulgaris nivea^ Cy) 
MupiN Cotoneaster 

Cotoneaster moupinensis 
MUSA Banana 

cavendishi . . . Cavendish B. 

ensete Abyssinian B. 

sapientum .... Common B. 
Muscadine Grape . Vitis rotundifolia 
MUSCARI . . . Grape-hyacinth 

botryoides .... Common G. 
Musk Larkspur, Musk Mallow, 
etc. See Larkspur, Mallow, 
etc. 

Muskmelon Cucumis melo 

MusKPLANT . . Mimulus moschatus 
Mustang Grape . Vitis candicans 
Mustard 

Potherb M. . Brassica japonica 

White M B. alba 

MYOPORUM 

laetum 

sandwicense 
MYOSOTIS . . . Forget-me-not 

alpestris Alpine F. 

See also hort. var. list below. 

— victoria M. victoria 

azorica . Azores Forget-me-not 
dissitiflora Swiss F. 

See also hort. var. list below. 

laxa Bay F. 

palustris .... M. scorpioides 
scorpioides (palustris) 

True Forget-me-not 

See also hort. var. list below. 
stricta 

This name is often misapplied by gar- 
deners to Heath Forget-me-not, hort. 
var. of Myosotis alpestris. The true M. 
stricta, of botanists, is not in the trade. 

sylvatica 

Woodland Forget-me-not 
victoria (alpestris victoria) 

Victoria F. 
Hort. var. of Forget-me-not, Myo- 
sotis : 
Dwarf Perpetual (M. scorpioides 
semperflorens Cy; palustris sem- 
per florens) 
Golden (M. alpestris aurea'\ Cy) 
Heath (M. a. stricta-\ Cy) 
Jackfrost (M. dissitiflora elegan- 
tissima^ Cy) 



290 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



MYRICA . BA-i^BERRY, Waxmyrtle 
asplenifolia Comptonia asplenifolia 
carolinensis . Northern Bayberry 
cerifera . Southern Waxmyrtle 

What was formerly considered to be one 
species and listed as M. cerifera is now 
known to be two species. Both range as 
far south as Florida, but the true M. 
cerifera extends north only to the Tuck- 
ahoe River, New Jersey, whereas M. 
carolinensis grows wild to Nova Scotia. 

gale Sweetgale 

Hort. var. of Myrica: 

Macfarlane Bayberry (cerifera X 
carolijiensis) 
MYRICARIA . . . False-tamarix 

germanica {Tamarix germanica) 

German F. 
MYRIOPHYLLUM . Parrotfeather 

proserpinacoides (M. hrasiliense 
Ag) . Brazilian Parrotfeather 

verticillatum .... Canada P. 
MYRISTICA 

fragrans . . . Common Nutmeg 
Myrobalan Plum . Pninus cerasif era 
MYROXYLON Cy . . TOLUIFERA 

Myrrh Myrrhis odorata 

MYRRHIS Myrrh 

odorata Myrrh 

MYRSIPHYLLUM . ASPARAGUS 

MYRTILLOCACTUS 

geometrizans {Cereus geometrizans) 
Garambullo 

Myrtle Myrtus 

Crapemyrtle . . Lagerstroemia 
Gum-myrtle .... Angophora 
Rosemary M. {Myrtus communis 

micro'phylla] Cy) 
Rosemyrtle .... Rhodomyrtus 
Sandmyrtle . . . Leiophyllum 
True M. . . . Myrtus communis 

Waxmyrtle Myrica 

Myrtle Coriaria, Myrtle Pachi- 
STiMA, etc. See Coriaria, Pachi- 
stima, etc. 
Myrtleleaf Box, Myrtleleaf Kal- 
MiA, etc. See Box, Kalmia, etc. 

MYRTUS Myrtle 

communis True M. 

luma Eugenia apiculata 

BOLD-face=approved scientific names. 



MYRTUS, continued 
microphylla 

This name is often misapplied to Rose- 
mary Myrtle, hort. var. of Myrtus 
communis. The true Myrtus micro- 
phylla, of botanists, is not in the trade. 

ugni Chile-guava 

Hort. var. of Myrtus: 

Rosemary Myrtle (M. commu- 
nis microphylla'\ Cy) 
Mysore Thorn Caesalpinia sepiaria 
MYSTACIDIUM . ANGROECUM 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

Naiad Fuchsia 

Fuchsia magellanica gracilis 

Nailwort Paronychia 

Allegheny N. P. argyrocoma 
NAMA Nama 

The name of this genus under the 
American Rules is Conanthus. 

parryi Parry Nama 

NANDINA Nandina 

domestica Nandina 

Nankeen Lily . Lilium testaceum 
Nanking Cherry . Prunus tomentosa 
Nannyberry . . Viburnum lentago 
NANODES 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

Napier Grass 

Pennisetum purpureum 
Narbonne Flax, Narbonne Star- 
of-Bethlehem, etc. See Flax, 
Star-of-Bethlehem, etc. 

NARCISSUS Narcissus 

biflorus Primrose N. 

bulbocodium Petticoat Daffodil 
incomparabilis . . Halfskirt D. 

jonquilla Jonquil 

orientalis . . N. tazetta orientalis 
ornatus . Early Poets Narcissus 

Hort. var. of N. poeticus. 

poetaz Cy Poetaz N. 

See hort. var. list on page 291. 

poeticus Poets N. 

See also hort. var. list on page 291. 

pseudonarcissus 

Common Daffodil 
tazetta . Polyanthus Narcissus 
— orientalis . Chinese Sacred-lily 



/T'Ahc=synonyms or unapproved names. 



NARCISSUS— NEOWASHINGTONIA 



291 



Hort. var. of Narcissus: 
Early Poets N. (N. poeticus orna- 

tus\ Cy) 
PoETAz N. {N. poetaz Cy; poeticus 
ornatus X tazetta) 
Narihira Bamboo 

Arundinaria fastuosa 
Narrow Beechfern 

Dryopteris phegopteris 
Narrowleaf Cattail, Narrow- 
leaf Cottonwood, etc. See 
Cattail, Cottonwood, etc. 
NASTURTIUM . . . RADICULA 

Nasturtium Tropaeolum 

Bush N T. minus 

Canary N. . . . T. peregrinum 

Common N T. ma jus 

Cornucopia N. . . . T. tricolor 
Fivefinger N . . T. pentaphyllum 
Shield N. . . . T. peltophorum 
Tom Thumb N. {Tropaeolum majus 

nanum\ Cy) 
Vermilion N. . . . T. speciosum 
Nasturtium Oxalis 

Oxalis comiculata atropurpurea 
Natal Grass . . Tricholaena rosea 
Natal-ebony . . Maba natalensis 
National Rose . . Rosa gentiliana 
Navel Flowering Quince, Hort. 
var. of Cydonia japonica. 

Navelseed Omphalodes 

Dogwood N. ... O. comifolia 

Flaxleaf N O. linifolia 

Venusbutton O. vema 

Navelwort . . Cotyledon umbilicus 
. Necklace Orchid . Coelogyne dayana 
Necklacetree Ormosia monosperma 
Nectarine 

Amygdalus persica nectarina 

For varieties of Nectarine cultivated for 
their fruit, see American Pomological 
Society's List of Fruits in Appendix. 

Needle Fir, Needle Juniper, etc. 
See Fir, Juniper, etc. 

NEGUNDO ACER 

Nequndo Chaste-tree 

Vitex negundo 

NEILLIA Neillia 

affinis 

longeracemosa 

sinensis .... Tube Neillia 



Nelson Cape-cowslip, Nelson 
Moss Phlox, etc. See Cape- 
cowslip, Phlox, etc. 
NELUMBIUM . . . NELUMBO 
NELUMBO (NELUMBIUM) 

Lotus 

lutea American L. 

nucifera (speciosa) . . . Hindu L. 
Hort. var. of Lotus, Nelumbo: 
Dawn ( A^. nucifera rosea-\ Cy) 
Double Dawn (A^. nucifera rosea 

plena Cy) 
Empress (N. n. alba grandijlora 

striata Cy) 
Kermes {N. n. kermesiana\ Cy) 
KiNSHiREN ( N. n. kinshiren] Cy) 
Magnolia {N. nucifera alba grandi- 

flora Cy) 
Peking (nucifera pekinensis) 
Red Peking (N. nucifera pekinen- 
sis rubra Cy) 
Shiroman (N. n. alba plena Cy) 

NEMESIA Nemesia 

strumosa Pouched N. 

versicolor Spurred N. 

Hort. var. of Nemesia: 
Dwarf N. ( A^. versicolor compacta\ 
Cy; compacta) 
NEMOPANTHUS Mountain-holly 
mucronatus (canadensis) 

Mountain-holly 
NEMOPHILA .... Nemophila 

maculata Spotted N. 

menziesi (atomaria) . Menzies N. 
— insignis . . . Baby-blue-eyes 
Hort. var. of Nemophila: 
Brown-eyed N. (N. menziesi dis- 

coidalis\ Cy) 
Seakale N. (N.m.crambeoides]Cy) 

NEOPIERIS PIERIS 

Neapolitan Cyclamen 

Cyclamen neapolitanum 
NEBOBENTHAMIA 

gracilis 
NEOLLOYDIA 

beguini (Echinocactus beguini) 
NEOW ASHING TON I A 

WASHINGTONIA 



Small CAPiTALS=approved common names. Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (f) see page 1. 



292 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Nepal Cinquefoil, Nepal Fire- 
thorn, etc. See Cinquefoil, 

FiRETHORN, etc. 

NEPENTHES 

Nepenthes, Pitcherplant 

The common name Pitcherplant applies 
also to the genera Sarracenia, Darling- 
tonia, and Heliamphora. 

phyllamphora 
Hort. var. of Nepenthes: 

Court ( A^. courti\ Cy) 

Domin (Nepenthes domini] Cy; do- 
miniana) 

Henry (N. henryana] Cy; sedeniX 
hookeriana) 

Masters (A^. mastersiana\ Cy; san- 
guinea X khasiana) 

Midway (TV. intermedia'\ Cy) 

Paradise (N. paradisae^ Cy; pa- 
tersoni) 

Redbottle (Nepenthes atrosangui- 
nea'\ Cy) 

Seden ( N. sedeni-\ Cy) 
NEPETA Nepeta 

cataria Catnip 

hederacea (glechoma) . Ground-ivy 

mussini 

wilsoni .... Wilson Nepeta 
Hort. var. of Nepeta: 

Variegated Ground-ivy (N. hed- 
eracea variegaia\ Cy; N. glechoma 
variegata) 
NEPHELIUM 

litchi Litchi chinensis 

longana .... Euphoria longana 
NEPHRODIUM . DRYOPTERIS 
NEPHROLEPIS . . . Swordfern 

acuminata (davallioides) 

biserrata (acuta) 

— furcans (davallioides furcans) 

cordifolia (cordata; tuberosa) 

— compacta 

— plumosa (tuberosa plumosa) 

— tesselata 

duffi ( A'', cordifolia duffi Cy ) 

exaltata . . Common Swordfern 

— bostoniensis . . . Boston Fern 

See also hort. var. list below. 

pectinata Basket F. 

Hort. var. of Boston Fern, N. exal- 
tata bostoniensis: 
Amerpohl (amerpohli) 



NEPHROLEPIS (Hort. var.), continued 

Baby Randolph 

Big Four (splendida) 

Childs (childsi) 

Cockatoo (elegantissima compacta 
cristata) 

Curly (superhissima) 

Double Feather (elegantissima) 

Dwarf (Dwarf Boston) 

Elmsford (elmsfordi) 

Emerald Fleece 

Foster (fosteriana) 

Galveston (galvestoni) 

Giatras (giatrasi) 

Golden Plume (plumosa aurea) 

Good (goodi) 

Gretna (gretnai) 

Harris (harrisi) 

King Constantine 

Lace (smithi) 

McCaw (macawi) 

Miller (milleri) 

Mills (millsi) 

Minerva (robusta) 

New Jersey 

New York 

Norwood (norivoodi) 

Ostrich Plume (elegantissima com- 
pacta) 

Parrot Feather (magnifica) 

Pershing 

PiERSON (piersoni) 

Plume (whitmani compacta) 

Queen Sophie 

Randolph (randolphi) 

Roosevelt (roosevelti) 

ScHOLZEL (scholzeli) 

Schubert (schuberti) 

Scott (scotti) 

Shingle (muscosa) 

Sickle (falcata) 

Superior 

Teddy Junior 

Trailing 

Verona 

Victoria 

Virago (viridissima) 

Wanamaker (wanamakeri) 

Whitman (whitmani) 

WiCHER (wicheri) 

Wilson (wilsoni) 



NERINE— NINGALA 



293 



NERINE Nerine 

samiensis .... Guernsey-lily 

NERIUM Oleander 

odorum Sweet O. 

oleander Common O. 

Horticultural varieties of Oleander are 
numerous, but the nomenclature is not 
standardized. 

NERTERA 

depressa Beadplant 

NESAEA 

veriicillata . Decodon verticillatum 
Netted Iris .... Iris reticulata 
Nettle 

Chile-nettle Loasa 

Deadnettle Lamium 

Neubert Barberry (Berberis neu- 

hertif Cy) 
Nevada Goldenrod 

Solidago spectabilis 
NEVIUSIA .... Snow-wreath 
alabamensis . . . Snow-wreath 
New England Aster, New Eng- 
land Rosegentian, etc. See 
Aster, Rosegentian, etc. 
New Mexican Hop, New Mexican 

Rose, etc. See Hop, Rose, etc. 
New York Aster, New York Fern, 

etc. See Aster, Fern etc. 
New Zealand Bur, New Zealand 
Clematis, etc. See Bur, Clem- 
atis, etc. 

NICANDRA . . . Apple-of-Peru 
physalodes . . . Apple-of-Peru 

NICOTIANA Tobacco 

affinis Jasmine T. 

Hort. var. of N. alata. 

alata Winged T. 

colossea N. tomentosa 

forgetiana 

glauca Tree Tobacco 

noctiflora 

rustica Aztec T. 

sanderae-\ Cy Sander T. 

See hort. var. list below. 

sylvestris 

tabacum Common T. 

tomentosa (colossea) . . Giant T. 
Hort. var. of Nicotiana : 
Jasmine Tobacco ( N. alata grandi- 
flora\ Cy; affinis) 



NICOTIANA (Hort. var.), continued 

Red Tobacco {Nicotiana tabacum 

macTophylla] Cy) 
Sander T. (N. sanderae] Cy; alata 

Xforgetiana) 

NIEREMBERGIA . . . Cupflower 

fnitescens Tall C. 

gracilis Slender C. 

rivularis Whitecup 

NIGELLA Love-in-a-mist 

damascena . . . Love-in-a-mist 
Niggerhead Cactus 

Echinocactus horizonthalonius 
Nightblooming Cereus, Night- 
blooming Cestrum, etc. See 
Cereus, Cestrum, etc. 
Nightjasmine 

Nyctanthes arbor-tristis 
Nightphlox . Zaluzianskya capensis 

Nightshade Solanum 

Bitter N S. dulcamara 

' Black N S. nigrum 

Brazilian N. . S. seaforthianum 

Catalina N S. wallacei 

Costa Rican N. . . S. wendlandi 
Eggplant . . Solanum species 
Franciscan-nightshade 

Brunfelsia americana 
Great Jasmine N. (Solanum jas- 

minoides grandiflorum] Cy) 
Jasmine N . Solanum jasminoides 
Jerusalem-cherry 

S. pseudocapsicum 
Paraguay N. . . . S. rantonetti 

Pepino S. muricatum 

Potato S. tuberosum 

Purple N S. xanti 

SoLANBERRY . S. nigrum guineense 

Tree N S. giganteum 

Yellow N. . . . S. warscewiczi 
NiKKO Enkianthus, Nikko Fir, etc. 
See Enkianthus, Fir, etc. 

NiNEBARK Physocarpus 

Common N P. opulifolius 

Goldleaf N. (P. 0. luteus] Cy) 
Illinois N. . . . P. intermedius 

Mallow N P. malvaceus 

TwiNPOD N P. bracteatus 

NineleafOxalis Oxalis enneaphylla 
Ning ALA Bamboo Arundinaria f alcata 



294 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



NiNGPO Clematis 

Clematis lanuginosa 

NINTOOA LONICERA 

NIOBE Ag HOSTA 

NIPHOBOLUS . CYCLOPHORUS 
Nipple Polypody 

Polypodium percussum 

Nippon Hawthorn, Nippon Spirea, 

etc. See Hawthorn, Spirea, etc. 

Nippon-bells . . . Shortia uniflora 

Noble Fir Abies nobilis 

Nodding Lilac, Nodding Trillium, 
etc. See Lilac, Trillium, etc. 
Nodfruit Rose . . . Rosa setipoda 

NOLANA NoLANA 

paradoxa (atriplicifolia ; grandi- 
flora) . . . Dark Blue Nolan a 

NOLINA Nolina 

beldingi 
longifolia 

parryi Parry N. 

NooTKA Cypress 

Chamaecyparis nootkatensis 
NOPALEA 
auberi 

cochenillifera . Cochineal Cactus 
dejecta 
NoRBERT Magnolia (Magnolia sou- 

langeana norheriiana] Cy) 
NoRDMANN Fir Abies nordmanniana 
Norfolk-island-pine 

Araucaria excelsa 

Northern Bayberry, Northern 

Bedstraw, etc. See Bayberry, 

Bedstraw, etc. 

Norway Maple, Norway Spruce, 

etc. See Maple, Spruce, etc. 
Nosegay Frangipani 

Plumeria rubra 

NOTCHLEAF SeA-LAVENDER 

Limonium sinuatum 
NOTHOLCUS 

lanatus {Holcus lanaius) 

Velvet Grass 
November Goldenrod 

Solidago serotina 

NUPHAR Spatterdock 

advena (Nymphaea advena Ag) 

Spatterdock 

BOLD-face=approved scientific names. 



Nut 
Bitternut . . Hicoria cordiformis 
Bladdernut .... Staphylea 
Butternut . . . Juglans cinerea 

Candlenut Aleurites 

Chestnut Castanea 

Hazelnut Corylus 

Mockernut . . . Hicoria alba 
Peanut . . Arachis ; A. hypogaea 

Pignut Hicoria glabra 

Queensland-nut 

Macadamia temifolia 
SiNGHARA-NUT . . Trapa bispinosa 

Walnut Juglans 

WiNGNUT Pterocarya 

Nut Pine Pinus edulis 

Nutka Rose ... Rosa nutkana 

Nutmeg 
California-nutmeg 

Torreya califomica 
Common N. . Myristica fragrans 

Nutmeg Geranium 

Pelargonium odoratissimum 

NYCTANTHES . . Nightjasmine 
arbor-tristis . . . Nightjasmine 

NYCTERINIA . ZALUZIANSKYA 

NYCTOCEREUS 

serpentinus {Cereus serpentinus) 

Serpent Cactus 

NYMPHAEA (CAST A LI A Ag) 

Waterlily 

Under the American Rules the name 
Nymphaea is used for the yellow pond- 
lilies or Spatterdocks (Nuphar) and the 
name Castalia for the true Waterlilies, 
which are known as Nymphaea in the 
trade. 

advena Ag . . . . Nuphar advena 
alba (Castalia alba Ag) 

European White Waterlily 

See also hort. var. list on page 295. 

caerulea (C. caerulea Ag) 

Blue Egyptian Lotus 
candidissima 

Large European Waterlily 

Hort. var. of N. alba. 

capensis Cape W. 

— zanzibariensis . . Zanzibar W. 

See also hort. var. list on page 295. 

dentata . Nymphaea lotus dentata 
elegans . . Senorita Waterlily 



/TA;ic=synonyms or unapproved names. 



NYMPHAEA 



295 



NYMPHAEA, continued 

flava .... Nymphaea mexicana 
flavovirens . . Frog Waterlily 
gigantea (Castalia gigantea Ag) 

Australian W. 
gracilis . . . White Mexican W. 
lotus {Castalia lotus Ag) 

White Egyptian Lotus 
— dentata 

Sierra Leone Waterlily 
mexicana (Castalia mexicana Ag; 
flava) 
Yellow Mexican Waterlily 
odorata (Castalia odorata Ag) 

American W. 
— rosea (odorata rubra) 

Cape Cod W. 

See also hort. var. list below. 

ovalif olia Tabora W . 

pygmaea N. tetragona 

rubra . . Red India Waterlily 
tetragona (pygmaea; Castalia tetra- 
gona Ag) . Pygmy Waterlily 

See also hort. var. list below. 

tuberosa (Castalia tuherosa Ag) 

Magnolia W. 

See also hort. var. list below. ^ 

zanzibariensis 

N. capensis zanzibariensis 
Hort. var. of Waterlily, Nymphaea' 
Andre (andreana) 
Arethusa 
Attraction 
Aurora 
BissET (bisseti) 
Blue Beauty (pulcherrima) 
Dauben (daubeniana) 
Dean (deaniana) 
Devonshire (devoniensis) 
Ernst Ludwig (Grossherzog Ernst 
Ludwig) 

ESCARBOUCLE 

Exquisite (odorata exquisita) 
Eugenia de Land 
Fire Marliac (marliacea ignea) 
Flame Marliac (marliacea flam- 

mea) 
Flesh Marliac (marliacea carnea) 
Formosa 
Frank Trelease 



NYMPHAEA (Hort. var.), continued 

Froebel (froebeli) 

George Huster 

Gladstone (gladstoniana) 

Glory (gloriosa) 

Graziella 

Helen Prowler 

Hessel (odorata sulphurea grandi- 
flora) 

Hopatcong (A'', tuberosa maxima] 
Cy; odorata maxima) 

James Brydon 

Jubilee 

Juno (dentata superba) 

Kew (kewensis) 

Large European (A^, alba candi- 
dissima] Cy) 

Laydeker (laydekeri) 

Laydeker Purple (laydekeri pur- 
purea) 

Laydeker Rose (laydekeri rosea) 

Laydeker Yellow (laydekeri fulva) 

Lilac (laydekeri lilacea) 

Loose 

Minerva (dentata magnifica) 

Marliac (marliacea) 

Mrs. C. W. Ward 
• Mrs. Edwards Whitaker 

Mrs. Woodrow Wilson 

O'Mara (omarana) 

Pale Cape (Nymphaea capensis 
azurea'\ Cy) 

Panama-Pacific 

Paul Hariot 

Pennsylvania 

Pink Opal 

Red European (alba rubra) 

Red Magnolia (tuberosa rubra) 

Richardson (tuberosa richardsoni) 

Robinson (robinsoni) 

Rose Arey 

Rose Magnolia (tuberosa rosea) 

Rose Marliac (marliacea rosea) 

Rosy Cape ( N. capensis rosea] Cy) 

Seignoret (seignoreti) 

Sioux 

Small American (N. odorata mi- 
nor] Cy) 

Spotted Marliac (marliacea rubra 
punctata) 



Small CAPiTALS=approved common names. Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (t) see page 1. 



296 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



NYMPHAEA (Hort. var.), continued 

Sturtevant (sturtevanti) 

Sulphur (odorata sulphurea) 

Vesuve 

W. B. Shaw 

White AIarliac (marliacea albida) 

William Becker 

William Doogue 

William Falconer 

William Stone 

Yellow Marliac (marliacea cliro- 

matella) 
Yellow Pygmy (A'', tetragona hel- 

vola'\ Cy; yygmaea helvola) 

NYMPHOIDES . . Floatingheart 
indicum (Limnanthemum indicum) 
Water-snowflake 
lacunosum (L. lacunosum) 
peltatum (L. nymphaeoides) 

Floatingheart 

NYSSA Tupelo 

aquatica Big T. 

sylvatica {imdtiflora) . . Tupelo 

Oak Quercus 

Arkansas O. . . . Q. arkansana 
Austrian Turkey O. 

Q. cerris austriaca 
Basket 0. . Swamp Chestnut Oak 
Black O. . . . Quercus velutina 
Blackjack O. . . Q. marilandica 

Blue O Q. douglasi 

Blue Japanese O. . . Q. glauca 
Bristletooth O. . . Q. serrata 
California Black O. . Q. kelloggi 
California Live O. . Q. agrifolia 
California White O. . Q. lobata 

Chestnut O Q. prinus 

Chinquapin O . . Q. muhlenbergi 
Combleaf English O. (Q. robur 
pectinata/\ Cy) 

Common Red O Q. rubra 

Cork O Q. suber 

Daimyo O Q. dentata 

Dauvesse English O. (Q. robur 

dauvessei] Cy) 
Durmast O. . . . Q. sessiliflora 
Dwarf Chinquapin O. Q.prinoides 

English O Q. robur 

European Turkey O . . Q. cerris 
Ford Holly O. (Q. ilex fordi\ Cy) 



Oak, continued 

Georgia O. . . Quercus georgiana 
Golden English O. {Q. robur con- 

cordia] Cy) 
Green Pyramidal O. Hort. var. 

of Q. robur. 

Holly O Q. ilex 

Italian O Q. conferta 

Japanese Evergreen O. Q. acuta 
Jerusalem-oak 

Chenopodium botrys 
Laurel O. . . Quercus laurifolia 

Live O Q. virginiana 

Mongolian O. . . Q. mongolica 
MossYcup O. . . Q. macrocarpa 
Northern Pin O. . Q. ellipsoidalis 
Northern Red O. 

Q. rubra ambigua 

Oregon O Q. garryana 

Oriental O. ... Q. variabilis 
Oriental White 0. . . Q. aliena 

OvERCUP O Q. lyrata 

Pin O Q. palustris 

Plume Daimyo 0. (Q. dentata -pin- 

natifida\ Cy) 

Post O Q. stellata 

PuRPi^ English O. (Q. robur atro- 

purpurea\ Cy) 
Pyramidal English O. {Q. robur 

fastigiata\ Cy) 
Red Oak 

See Common Red Oak, Northern Red 
Oak, and Southern Red Oak. 

Sand Blackjack O. 

Quercus catesbaei 

Scarlet O Q. coccinea 

Scrub O Q. ilicifolia 

Shallowcup Mongolian O. 

Q. mongolica grosseserrata 

Shingle O Q. imbricaria 

Silk-oak . . . Grevillea robusta 
Southern Red O. Quercus falcata 
Spanish . . Southern Red Oak 
Swamp Chestnut O. 

Quercus michauxi 
Swamp White O. . . . Q. bicolor 
Varl^bl'e O. . . Q. heterophylla 

Water O Q. nigra 

Weeping English O. (Q. robur 
pendula\ Cy) 

White O Q. alba 

Willow O. . . . . . Q. phellos 



OAKESIA— OLEARIA 



297 



OAKESIA UVULARIA 

Oakfern . . . Dryopteris linnaeana 
OakleafHydrangea,Oakleaf Gold- 
enchain, etc. See Hn)RANGEA, 

GOLDENCHAIN, etC. 

Oatgrass Arrhenatherum 

Tall O A. elatius 

Tuber O A. bulbosum 

Variegated O. Hort. var. of A. 
bulbosum. 

Oats Avena; A. sativa 

Animated O A. sterilis 

OBELISCARIA . . . LEPACHYS 
O'Brian Cinquefoil 

Potentilla obriana 
Oceanspray 

Holodiscus discolor ariaefolius 

OCIMUM Basil 

basilicum Common B. 

Oconee-bells . . Shortia galacifolia 
October Clematis, October Haw- 
thorn, etc. See Clematis, 
Hawthorn, etc. 
OCTOMERIA 

diaphana 
Odessa Tamarix . Tamarix odessana 
ODONTIODA 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

ODONTOGLOSSUM 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

ODONTONEMA 

schomburgkianum ( Thyrsaca n thus 
rutilans) 
ODONTONIA 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

ODONTOSORIA 

chinensis {Davallia tenuifolia) 

ODOSTEMON MAHONIA 

OENOTHERA 

Evening-primrose, Sundrops 

acaulis Dandelion S. 

biennis 

Common Evening-primrose 
bistorta {Sphaerostigma historta) 

Twisted Sundrops 
brachycarpa {Lavauxia brachycarpa) 
caespitosa {Pachylophus caespito- 
sus) Tufted Evening-primrose 
califomica 
drummondi .... Drummond E. 



OENOTHERA, fontinued 

eximia {Pachylophus eximius) 

White Evening-primrose 
fraseri . Oenothera glauca fraseri 
fruticosa ( Kneijjia fruticosa) 

Common Sundrops 

See also hort. var. list below. 

glauca (A', glauca) . Blueleaf S. 

—fraseri Eraser S. 

lamarckiana 

Lamarck Evening-primrose 
missouriensis {macrocarpa; Megap- 
terium missouriense) 

Ozark Sundrops 
muricata 

Northern Evening-primrose 
pilgrimi .... Pilgrim Sundrops 
rosea ( Hartmannia rosea) Rose S. 
serrulata {Meriolix serrulata) 
speciosa {Hartmannia speciosa) 
tetraptera {H. tetraptera) 
viridescens 

whitneyi . . Godetia grandiflora 
youngi .... Youngs Sundrops 

Hort. var. of O. fruticosa. 

Hort. var. of Oenothera: 
Bush Sundrops {Oenothera fruticosa 

major] Cy) 
Youngs S. (0. /. youngi] Cy) 
Ohelo . . . Vaccinium reticulatum 
Ohio Buckeye . . Aesculus glabra 

Okra Hibiscus esculentus 

Old Garden Dahlia . Dahlia rosea 
Oldman Cactus 

Cephalocereus senilis 
Old-world Arrowhe.ad 

Sagittaria sagittifolia 

OLEA Olive 

europaea Common O. 

fragrans . . Osmanthus fragrans 

Oleander Nerium 

Common O N. oleander 

Sweet O N. odorum 

Yellow-oleander 

Thevetia neriifolia 

Oleander Allamanda, Oleander 

Willow, etc. See Allamanda, 

Willow, etc. 

OLEARIA Daisytree 

The name of this genus under the 
American Rules ig Shawia. 

haasti 



298 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Oleaster Rus- 
sian-olive: Elaeagnus angustifolia 
Oleaster Pear . Pyrus elaeagrifolia 

Olive Olea 

Common O O. europaea 

For cultivated varieties of Olive, see 
American Pomological Society's List of 
Fruits, in Appendix. 

False-olive 

Elaeodendron ; E. orientale 
Russian-olive 

Elaeagnus angustifolia 
Spurge-olive 

Cneorum; C. tricoccum 
Olive Daphne . . Daphne oleoides 
Oliveleaf Willow 

Salix cinerea oleifolia 
Olympic 'Aubrietia, Olympic Col- 
umbine, etc. See Aubrietia, 
Columbine, etc. 
OMPHALODES .... Navelseed 
cornifolia (cappadocica) 

Dogwood N 
linifolia {Cynoglossum linifolium) 
Flaxleaf N. 

vema Venusbutton 

Hort. var. of Omphalodes: 
White Venusbutton (0. vema 
alba^ Cy) 
ONCIDIODA 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

ONCIDIUM 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

One-flower Hawthorn 

Crataegus uniflora 

One-leaf Locust (Rohinia pseudo- 
acacia monophijlla'\ Cy) 

Onion Allium ; A. cepa 

Chive .... A. schoenoprasum 

Garlic A. sativum 

Leek A. pomim 

Nodding O A. cerauum 

Sea-onion . . Urginea; U. scilla 
Shallot . . Allium ascalonicum 
Welsh O A. fistulosum 

ONOCLEA 

sensibilis . . . Sensitive Fern 
struthiopteris . Pteretis nodulosa 

ONOPORDON {ONOPORDUM Ag) 

Cottonthistle 

tauricum Taurus C. 

BOLD-face=approved scientific names. 



Ontario Lobelia . . Lobelia kalmi 

ONYCHIUM Clawfern 

japonicum .... Japanese C. 

OPHIOGLOSSUM . Adderstongue 
vulgatum Common A. 

OPHIOPOGON . . . Snakebeard 

jaburan Jaburan 

japonicus . Japanese Snakebeard 

Hort. vap. of Ophiopogon: 
GoLDSTRiPE Jaburan (0. jaburan 
aureus variegatus Cy) 

Opium Poppy . Papaver somniferum 

OPLISMENUS 

compositus (0. hirtellus Cy; Pani- 
cum variegatum) . Basket Grass 

Often miscalled O. hirtellus, a species not 
in cultivation. 

OPUL ASTER Ag PHYSOpARPUS 
OPUNTIA Prjcklypear 

arbor escens . . . . O. imbricata 

arenaria .... Sand Cactus 

basilaris .... Beavertail C 

bigelovi 

brasiliensis 

compressa . Common Pricklypear 

emoryi 

engelmanni 

ficus-indica 

fragilis 

imbricata (arborescens) 

Walkingstick Cactus 

leptocaulis | 

leucotricha . . Aaronsbeard C. 

mesacantha 

microdasys 

monacantha O. vulgaris 

phaeacantha 

polyacantha 

robusta 

subulata (Pereskia subulala) 

tomentosa 

tuna 

vulgaris {monacantha) 
Orach 

Garden O. . . Atriplex hortensis 
Orange Citrus sinensis 

Cherry-orange Citropsis species 

Hardy O Citrus trifoliata 

King O C. nobilis 



IT Allc^synonyms or unapproved names. 



ORANGE— ORCHID 



299 



Orange, continued 

Mandarin O. Citrus nobi'is deliciosa 
Mexican-orange . Choisya ternata 
MocKORANGE . . . Philadelphus 
Osage-orange . Maclura pomifera 

Otaheite O Tahiti Orange 

Satsuma O. . Citrus nobilis unshiu 

Seville O C. aurantium 

Tahiti O C. taitensis 

For varieties of Orange cultivated for 
their fruit, see American Pomological 
Society's List of Fruits, in Appendix. 

Orange Coneflower, Orange Day- 
lily, etc. See Coneflower, 
Daylily, etc. 
Orangecup Lily 

Lilium philadelphicum 
Orange-eye Butterflybush 

Buddleia davidi 
Orange-jasmine . . Chalcas exotica 
Orange-rose Butterflyflower 

Schizanthus retusus 
Orchard Grass . Dactylis glomerata 
Orchid 

For consolidated list of the genera, 
species, and varieties of Orchid, see 
ORCHID GENERA, page 300 

Arethusa . . . Arethusa bulbosa 
Baby O. . Odontoglossum grande 

Bletilla Bletilla 

Hyacinth B. . . B. hyacinthina 
Bog-orchid 

White B. . . Habenaria dilatata 
Butterfly Orchid 

Oncidium papilio 
Calypso .... Calypso bulbosa 

Cattleya Cattleya 

AcLAND C. ... C. aclandiae 
Lawrence C. . C. lawrenceana 

Leopold C C. leopoldi 

Queen C C. dowiana 

Cradle-orchid Anguloa 

Clowes C A. clowesi 

Ivory C A. c. ebumea 

RucKER C A. ruckeri 

Fringe-orchid 
Large Purple F. 

Habenaria fimbriata 
Small Purple F. . H. psycodes 
White F. . . H. blephariglottis 
Yellow F H. ciliaris 

Small CAPiTALS=approved common names. 



Orchid, continued 

Grass-pink Orchid 

Calopogon pulchellus 

Holy-ghost-flower 

Peristeria elata 

Hooker O. . . Habenaria hookeri 

Jumping O. 

Catasetum macrocarpum 

Ladies-tresses . . . Spiranthes 

Nodding L S. cernua 

Painted L S. picta 

Shortleaf L. . . . S. brevifolia 
Slender L S. gracilis 

Ladyslipper .... Cypripedium 
Brownie L. . . C. fasciculatum 
California L. . C. californicum 
Common Yellow L. 

C. pubescens 
Mountain L. . . C. montanum 

Pink L C. acaule 

Ramshead L. . . . C. arietinum 

Showy L C, spectabile 

Small Yellow L. C. parviflorum 
White L C. candidum 

Laelia Laelia 

Moth-orchid . . . Phalaenopsis 

Necklace O. . Coelogyne dayana 

Northern Green O. 

Habenaria hyperborea 

Orchis Orchis 

Showy O O. spectabilis 

Small Roundleaf O. 

O. rotundifolia 

Pansy-orchid Miltonia 

PoGONiA Pogonia 

Rose P. . . .P. ophioglossoides 

PuTTYROOT . Aplectrum hyemale 

Rattlesnake-plantain Goodyera 
Checkered R. . . G. tesselata 

Creeping R G. repens 

Dawson R. . . G. dawsoniana 
Downy R. . . . G. pubescens 
Western R. . . G. decipiens 

Satyr O. . . Habenaria bracteata 

Spider-orchid Brassia 

Lawrence S. . B. lawrenceana 
Spotted S B. maculata 

Swan-orchid .... Cycnoches 
Common S. . . . C. chlorochilon 
Egerton S. . C. egertonianum 

Abbreviations: (Ag) (.\r) (Cy) (t) see page 1. 



300 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Orchid, continued 

Tulip O Cattleya citrina 

TwAYBLADE Liparis 

Lily T L. liliifolia 

LoESEL T L. loeseli 

Vanilla Vanilla 

Mexican V. . . .V. planifolia 

South American V. 

V. aromatica 
Windmill O. 

Cirrhopetalum refractum 

ORCHID GENERA 

For convenience of reference the genera, 
species, and varieties of Orchids are 
here brought together in one consoli- 
dated list. 

The American Joint Committee wishes 
to acknowledge its great indebtedness 
to the Ames Botanical Laboratory, 
North Easton, Massachusetts, and to 
Mr. F. Tracy Hubbard, Compiler, for 
supplying the material for Orchid Gen- 
era. A careful reading of Mr. Hubbard's 
statement below will show the lamenta- 
ble chaos and confusion now existing 
in Orchid names, especially other than 
American terrestrial forms, occasioned 
by a lack of generally accepted standard 
principles for plant naming, and the 
almost inextricable tangle of Latin poly- 
nomials occasioned by the efforts of the 
hybridizer to carry the plant's pedigree 
in the name, and his reluctance to trans- 
late such polynomials into good Enghsh 
common names. 

It is an unfortunate fact perhaps 
that very few Orchids, excepting the 
comparatively few terrestrial forms, are 
known under common or vernacular 
Enghsh names. Also, it is quite possible 
that with many rare species, which will 
probably never be generally distributed, 
a common English name would serve 
no useful purpose. 

It is only fair to state here that Mr. 
Hubbard supplied common names for a 
large percentage of the Orchids in this 
list; but owing to the fact that usually 
such common names were hteral trans- 
lations of the Latin names (a device that 
has proved rarely satisfactory in other 
plant groups) , and for the other reasons 
given above, it seemed to the American 
Joint Committee wise to omit them in 
Standardized Plant Names. 

Considering these severe handicaps, 
and many others not discussed here, 
Mr. Hubbard has done an exceedingly 
creditable piece of work, and has con- 
formed so far as could be done at the 
present time to the principles practiced 
by the American Joint Committee. 

Itisanotablebeginningandshouldlead 



ORCHID GENERA, continued 

to the formation of an expert committee 
on Orchid nomenclature to the end of 
simplifying and standardizing the names 
of species, natural varieties, and horti- 
cultural varieties of this remarkable and 
beautiful family of plants. 

American Joint Committee 

Harlan P. Kelsey, Secretary. 

Statement of F. Tracy Hubbard 

The genera, species, and varieties of 
Orchids in this list are in cultivation or 
have been offered for sale in America. 

The Orchids present certain difficulties 
in conforming to the precedent, estab- 
lished in this work, of using common 
names in alphabetic sequence for horti- 
cultural varieties. 

In this list the exact spelling as applied 
in horticulture or in the trade has been 
followed, except in such cases as incor- 
rect termination or obvious transposition 
of letters, and if such spelling differs 
from the accepted spelling it has been 
attempted to point out, wherever pos- 
sible, what was presumably intended. 
Many minor misspellings have been 
omitted as being superfluous. 

In the case of hybrids the parentage has 
been designated, wherever known, and 
Rolfe and Hurst's Orchid Stud-book has 
been accepted as authoritative with 
certain quahfications: 

1 . In some instances in which the horti- 
cultural name of a parent differs from 
the botanically correct name, the horti- 
cultural name has been maintained; 
for instance, Cattleya gigas, the horti- 
cultural name, is adopted instead of 
Cattleya warscewiczi, the older and 
botanically correct name. 

2. The Stud-book gives only the spe- 
cies name of the two parents. Where 
clearly designated in Hterature, the va- 
rietal form of the parent has been added. 

3. If one of the parents as commonly 
cited is given a name which has been 
made a synonym in this list, the name 
here accepted is given, followed by the 
synonym in parentheses. 

4. Where a varietal name has been 
carelessly raised to the rank of a 
species, the omission of the species name 
has been rectified by its insertion in 
brackets []. Furthermore, many hybrids 
accepted horticulturally are in reality 
minor variations of the same major cross 
and are not considered worthy of sepa- 
ration. Following the Stud-book, these 
have been treated as synonyms, and 
the name applied by the Stud-book, 
even though in some instances not in 
horticultural usage, has been adopted. 

Throughout the Orchid list certain 
forms and abbreviations have been used. 
Parentheses ( ) indicate that the en- 



ORCHID GENERA 



301 



ORCHID GENERA, continued 

closed portion is as in horticulture or 
the trade; brackets [] that the enclosure 
IS our insertion. ABL signifies Ames 
Botanical Laboratory, and is used to 
designate the name which is botanically 
best according to our conception. Cy, 
as usual, designates the name used in 
Bailey's Standard Cyclopedia of Horti- 
culture, when different from the name 
adopted in the list. Hyb. stands for 
hybrid and Nat. hyb. for natural hybrid. 
Finally, certain genera, although more 
or less commonly known in horticulture 
under a given name, have been reduced 
to the more correct scientific name, 
where it has been judged best. The 
most noticeable of these changes are the 
replacement of Platyclinis by Den- 
drochilum and Pescatorea by Zygopeta- 
lum. A few species usually known in 
horticulture under genera to which they 
certainly do not belong have been re- 
ferred to their correct genera, for ex- 
ample Saccolabium retusum, also known 
quite as commonly as S. blumei, has 
been changed to Rhynchostyhs retusa. 
Ames Botanical Laboratory 

F. Tracy Hubbard, Compiler. 

ACAMPE 
grandiflora 

Not found in botanical literature, prob- 
ably a horticultural variety. 

multiflora 
papulosa 

ACANTHOPHIPPIUM 
javanicum 

ACINETA 
barker! 
superba {A. humholdti Cy) 

AC ROPER A . . GONGORA 
loddigesi G. galeata 

ADA 
aurantiaca 

AERIDES 

offine A. multiflorum 

— roseum 

Hort. var. of A. multiflorum. 

crassifolium 

expansum A. falcatum 

— leoniae ... A. falcatum leonaei 
— leonis . . A. falcatum leonaei 

falcatum (expansum; larpentae) 
— houlletianum (Aerides houlleti- 

anum Cy) 
— leonaei {expansum leoniae; ex- 
pansum leonis) 



ORCHID GENERA (AERIDES), continued 

fieldingi 
hoidletianum Cy 

A. falcatum houlletianum 

larpentae A. falcatum 

lawrenciae 

— sanderianum {sayulerianum) 

lobhi .... A. multiflorum lobbi 

maculosum 

multiflorum (affine) 

—lobbi (lohbi) 

odoratum 

— majus (A. virens Cy) 

quinquevulnera 

sanderianum. 

A. lawrenciae sanderianum 
vandarum 
violaceum 

Not found in botanical literature, prob- 
ably a horticultural variety. 

virens Cy . . A. odoratum majus 

ANAETOCHILUS 

ANOECTOCHILUS 

ANGRAECUM 
articulatum 
citratum 

distichum . Mystacidium distichum 
eburneum 
— superbum 
eichlerianum 
leonis 

modestum {sanderianum) 
sanderianum ... A. modestum 
scottianum 
sesquipedale 

ANGULOA . . Cradle-orchid 
Candida 

Not found in botanical literature, prob- 
ably a horticultural variety. 

clowesi . Clowes Cradle-orchid 

— eburnea Ivory C. 

eburnea . . . . A. clowesi eburnea 
modestans 

Not found in botanical literature, prob- 
ably a horticultural variety. 

ruckeri . Rucker Cr.\dle-orchid 

ANOECTOCHILUS 
marmorata 

Not found in botanical literature, prob- 
ably Dossinia marmorata. 

ANSELLIA 
africana 



302 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



ORCHID GENERA, continued 

APLECTRUM . . . Puttyroot 
hyemale Puttyroot 

ARACHNANTHE 
clarkei {AracJmis clarkei ABL) 
lowei {Arachnis loicei ABL; Re- 
nanthera lowei Cy; Vanda 
loivei) 
ARACHXIS . ARACHNANTHE 

ARETHUSA . . . Arethusa 
bulbosa Arethusa 

ARPOPHYLLUM 

giganteum 

ASPASIA 
lunata 
variegata 

BARKERIA 

Botanically only a section of Epi- 
dendrum. 

hindleyana . . . . B. lindleyana 
lindleyana {Epidendrum lindley- 

anum ABL-Cy) 
spectabilis {E. spedahile ABL-Cy) 

BATEMANNIA 
hurti Zygopetalum burti 

BIFRENARIA 

atropurpurea 

dallemagnei . . . . B. tyrianthina 
harrisoniae {Ly caste harrisoniae) 
tyrianthina (dallemagnei) 

BLEPHARIGLOTTIS 

HABENARIA 
BLETIA 

hyacinthina . . Bletilla hyacinthina 

BLETILLA Bletilla 

hyacinthina . (Bletilla striata ABL) 
Hyacinth B. 
BOLLEA . . ZYGOPETALUM 
BRASSAVOLA 

For hybrids, see also Brassocattlaelia. 

cucuUata 

digbyana (Laelia digbyana Cy) 

fragrans 

glauca (L. glauca Cy) 

nodosa 



ORCHID GENERA (BRASSAVOLA), cont. 
The following crosses have ap- 
peared in horticulture without 
names : 

B. digbyana XLc. martinet i 

Brassocattlaelia Astarte 
B. digbyana XLc. rubens. This is a 
Brassocattlaeha. ABL. 

BRASSIA . . . Spider-orchid 
brachiata 
gigantea 

Not found in botanical literature, prob- 
ably a horticultural variety. 

lawrenceana . . . Lawrence S. 
— longissima 

maculata Spotted S. 

verrucosa 

BRASSOCATTLAELLA 

Also written Brasso-Cattleya-Laelia. 
Crosses between Brassavola and Laeho- 
cattleya or Cattleya and Brassolaelia. 

Astarte {Brassavola digbyana X 

L. mariineti) 
Helen Skinner {Brassolaelia Hel- 

enXC. skinneri) 
mackayi {B. digbyanaXL. elegans) 
Rowena i^B. digbyanaXLc. Doris) 
WoTAN {Brassocattlaelia leeman- 

niaeXLc. callistoglossa) 

BRASSOCATTLEYA 

Also written Brasso-Cattleya. Crosses 
between Brassavola and Cattleya. 

Admiral Jellico {Brassocattleya 
veitchiX C . rothschildiana) 

Calypso {Dante; Brassavola digby- 
anaXC. bicolor) 

Carmen {B. digbyma X C. Mrs. 
Myra Peters) 

conspicua {B. digbyana X C. leo- 
poldi) 

Cordelia {B. digbyana X C. inter- 
media) 

Cyclops 

Parents unknown. 

Dante Calypso 

Empress of Russia . . . B. maroni 

enterpe B. euterpe 

euterpe {enter pe; Brassocattleya lang- 

leyensisXC. schilleriana) 
Eva {Brassavola digbyana X C. law- 
renceana) 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. I T Alic=synonyms or unapproved names. 



ORCHID GENERA 



303 



ORCHID GENERA (BRASSOCATTLEYA), 

continued 

foumierae (fournieri; B. dighyana 

XC. labiata) 

fournieri B. foumierae 

heatonensis (Brassovola dighyana 

XC. hardyana) 
holfordi {B. dighyanaXC. forbesi) 
hyeae (Mme. Hye; B. digbyanaX 

C. harrisoniana) 
Ilene {Brassocattleya maronae X 

C. dowiana) 
Imperatrice de Russie . B. maroni 
jessopi 

Hyb. — probably the same as Brasso- 
laelia jessopi. 

King Edward VII 

Hyb. — possibly the same as Brassolaelia 
veitchi. 

langleyensis (Brassavola dighyana 

XC. schroederiana) 
— eminens 
leemanniae {leemani; B. dighyana 

XC. dowiana) 

leemani B. leemanniae 

Mme. Hye B. hyeae 

mariae {Brassavola dighyana XC. 

warneri) 
Marie 

Hyb. — not found in botanical literature, 
probably the same as B. mariae. 

maronae {B. dighyanaXC. gigas) 
maroni {Empress of Russia; Im- 
peratrice de Russie) 
Mars {Brassocattleya leemanniaeX 

C. rafaeliae) 
menda {B. veitchiXC. labiata) 
Nestor {B. maronaeXC. labiata) 
Oberon {B. dighyana-mossiaeXC. 

schroederiana) 
Pocahontas {Brassavola dighyana 

X C. Eldorado) 
praeti {B. dighyanaXC. leopoldi) 
Queen Alexandra . . . B. veitchi 
regina 

Hyb. — parents not known. 

St. Albans {B. dighyanaXC. schil- 

leriana) 
sedeni {B. dighyanaXC. trianae) 
— Rosalind 
Siren {B. dighyanaXC. skinneri) 



ORCHID GENERA (BRASSOCATTLEYA), 

continued 

thomtoni {B. dighyana X C. gas- 

kelliana) 
Triune 

Hyb. — not known. 

veitchi {Queen Alexandra; B. dig- 
hyanaXC. mossiae) 
— alba 
— Sunset 
Watteau 

Hyb. — not known. 

Wotan 

Probably the same as Brassocattlaelia 
Wotan. 

The following crosses have ap- 
peared in horticulture without 
names. 

Brassavola dighyana X C. leopoldi 

Brassocattleya conspicua 
gressi Xdigbyana 
grossi Xdigbyana. This and the last are 

undoubtedly the same cross, but 

whether gressi or grossi (probably a 

Cattleya hybrid) is correct it has been 
, impossible to ascertain as no such 

name has been found; digbyana is of 

course a Brassavola. 
Brassocattleya leemanniae XC. labiata 
B. leemanniae X C. schroederiana 
B. leemanniae X Laeliocattleya Nella. 

This is a Brassocattlaelia. 
B. maronae X Laeliocattleya Gertrude. 

This is a Brassocattlaelia. 

B. marojiae X Laeliocattleya Voltaire. 
This is a Brassocattlaeha. 

C. peetersiae {Mrs. Myra Peters) X Bras- 
savola digbyana 

BRASSO-CATTLEYA-LAELIA 
BRASSOCATTLAELIA 

BRASSOLAELIA 

Also written Brasso-Laelia. Crosses be- 
tween Brassavola and LaeUa. 

gratrixiae {Bi-assavola digbyana X 

Laelia cinnaharina) 
Helen {B. digbyanaX L. tenebrosa) 
jessopi {B. digbyanaX L. xanthina) 
Louis-Bel {B. digbyanaX L. booth- 

iana) 
rolfei {B. dighyana X L. crispa) 
veitchi {B. digbyanaX L. purpur- 

ata) 

BROUGHTONIA 
sanguinea 



Small C.\PiT.\LS=approved common names. Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (t) see page 1, 



304 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



ORCHID GENERA, continued 
BULBOPHYLLUM 
barbigerum 
bead 

Not found in botanical literature, prob- 
ably an error for B. deari. 

careyanum 

comosum 

congoensis 

Not found in botanical literature, prob- 
ably B. congolanum is intended. 

cupreum 
dayanum 
deari 
falcatum ABL 

Megaclinium falcatum 
grandiflorum 
lilacinum 
lobbi 

odoratissimum 
reinwardti 
saurocephalum 
suavissimum 
virescens 

BURLINGTONIA {RODRIGU- 
EZIA ABL) 
Candida (Rodriguezia Candida ABL) 
decora (R. decora ABL) 
fragrans {R.fragrans ABL) 

CALANTHE 
bella {harrisi; turneriXveitchi) 

Bryan C. darblayana 

Clive {veitchiX'^) 

Cornelius Vanderhilt . . C. sedeni 

darblayana {Bryan; William Mur- 

ra y ; regnieri X vestita) 
discolor 

furcata ABL . . . . C. veratrifolia 
harrisi C. bella 

JOBSTOWN 

Hyb. — not found in botanical literature. 

masuca 
mcwilliamsi 

Probably the same as C. veitchi Mc- 
Williams. 

Mrs. Cornelius Vanberbilt 

Hyb. — not found in botanical literature. 

orpetiana 

regnieri (vestita regnieri ABL-Cy) 

— sanderiana {vestita form ABL) 

rubro-ocidata 

C. vestita rubro-oculata 



ORCHID GENERA (CALANTHE), cont. 

sanderiana 

sandhurstiana 

C. veitchi sandhurstiana 
sedeni {Cornelius Vanderhilt; 

veitchi Xvestita ruhro-oculata) 
summitensis. Hyb. 
veitchi {rosea Xvestita) 
— alba 

McWiLLIAMS 

— rosea 

— sandhurstiana {sandhurstiana) 

— superba 

— Whitin 

veratrifolia {furcata ABL) 

vestita 

— igneo-oculata gigantea 

Form not known. 

—regnieri ABL-Cy . . C. regnieri 
— rubro-oculata {rubro-oculata) 
— williamsi {williainsi) 
Willicim Murray . . C. darblayana 
williamsi . . . C. vestita williamsi 

CALOPOGON 

pulchellus {Limodorum tuberosum 
Ag; L. pulchellum) 

Grass-pink Orchid 

CALYPSO Calypso 

bulbosa {Calypso horealis; Cytherea 
bulhosa Ag) Calypso 

CAMAROTIS 
manni 
purpurea (C. rostrata ABL-Cy; Sar- 

cochilus purpureus) 

CATASETUM 
bungerothi 
callosum 

macrocarpum . . Jumping Orchid 
maculatum 
scurra 
tabulare 
viridifiavum 
viridifiorum 

Not found in botanical literature, prob- 
ably an error for viridifiavum. 

CATTLEYA 

Achine (C. labiata alba X C. ra- 

faeliae alba) 
aclandiae . . . Acland Cattleya 
Adonis {Enid; mossiaeXgigas) 



ORCHID GENERA 



305 



ORCHID GENERA (CATTLEYA), continued 
adula (bicolorX hardy ana) 
Alcestis (bicolorXmendeli) 
Alex ( Tunis X a urea ) 
Alfred Dimmock {la trrenceanaX 

aurea) 
amabilis {lahialaXgigas) 
amethystina . . . C. intermedia 
amethystoglossa (prinzi) 
armainvillierensis (mendeliXgigas) 
armstrongiae {hardy ana Xharrison- 

iana) 
Artemis (IrisXgaskelliana) 
Atalanta {leopoldiXgigas) 
aurantiaca 

Epidendrum aurantiacum 
aurea (jlowiana aurea Cy) 

Certainly for horticultural purposes C. 
aurea should be separated from C. 
dowiana; its scientific status is open to 
question, just as many of the recognized 
species of the labiata group are quite 
probably more correctly to be classed as 
varieties of C. labiata rather than as 
distinct species. 

— alba 

ballantineana {hallantina Cy) 

Said to be a nat. hyb., trianae X gigas 
sanderiana. 

— Clement Moore 

berti {harrisoniana Xlabiata) 

bicolor 

blacki {gaskelliana Xmendeli) 

boadicea {hardijana X gaskelliana ) 

bogotensis {trianae ABL) 

— alba {trianae var. ABL) 

bowringiana 

— caenilea 

— caerulescens 

brenda {dusseldorfi X gaskelliana 

alba) 
cappei alba {schroederianaX trianae 

alba) 
Carmen {lueddemanniana {specio- 

sissima) X gigas) 

Cecilia C. ceciliae 

ceciliae {Cecilia; lawrenceana X 

trianae) 
C. G. Roebling {harrisoniana X 

mendeli) 
childsi 

Hyb. — not found in botanical hterature. 



ORCHID GENERA (CATTLEYA), continued 
chocoensis {trianae chocoensis Cy) 

The scientific status of this species is 
in doubt. 

chrysotoxa C. dowiana 

citrina Tulip Orchid 

claesiana {intermedia X loddigesi) 
Clarissa {loddigesi X mendeli) 
clarkiae {labiata X bicolor) 
Comet {dowiana Xwarneri) 
cooksoni {hardyanaXtrianae) 

crispa Laelia crispa 

Cybele Oak wood. Hyb. 
dietrichiana {schilleriana X trianae) 
DiRCE {Vulcan X gigas) 

DOMOS 

Hyb. — not found in botanical literature. 

dowiana {chrysotoxa) 

Queen Cattleya 
— rosetti 

This may be an error fOr C. dowiana 
rosita. 

dupreana {dupreyana; warneriX 

gigas) 

dupreijana C. dupreana 

dusseldorfi Undine {muckayi var. 

ABL; intermedia albaXmossiae 

alba) 
edwardi {Prince Edward; schilleri- 
^ anaXgigas) 
Eldorado 

Ella {bicolorX gigas) 
elongata 
Empress Frederick . C. frederickiae 

Enid Adonis 

Enid alba /Vdonis var. 

EuRi-DiCE {aclandiac X labiata) 
Fabia {dowiana Xlabiata) 
— Alba {dowiana Xlabiata alba) 
Ferdinand Denis . . . C. femandi 
fernandi {Ferdinand Denis; gigas X 

aclandiae) 
forbesi 

fowleri {leopoldiXhardyana) 
frederickiae {Empress Frederick; 

aureaXmossiae) 
Freya {dowiana Xmantini) 
gaskelliana 
— alba 
— albescens 
— caerulea 



306 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



ORCHID GENERA (CATTLEYA), continued 

General French {dowiana X Ella) 
General Pau {labiataXluedde- 

manniana (speciosissima) ) 
gennania (granulosa X hardy ana) 
gigas (warscewiczi ABL; warsce- 

iviczi gigas Cy) 
— alba 
— albescens 
— atropurpurea 
— beyrodti (gigas Frau Melani Bey- 

rodt) 
— caenilescens 
— Frau Melani Beyrodt 

C. gigas beyrodti 
— hardyana 
— mandaiana 
— Meteor 
— rochellensis 
— sanderiana 
granulosa, 
guttata (Epidendrum elaiius) 

— leopoldi C. leopoldi 

hardyana (gigas X dowiana) 

Nat. hyb. 

— alba (gigas alba X dowiana) 

— grandiflora 

— rosea 

— Rutherford 

— Spring Brook 

harrisi (mendeliXleopoldi) 

harrisoniae . . . C. harrisoniana 

harrisoniana (harrisoniae) 

— gigantea 

— violacea 

hasselli (frederickiae (Empress Fred- 
erick) Xlabiata) 

Heloise C. heloisiae 

heloisiae ( Heloise; forbesi X mos- 
siae) 

H. S. Leon C. leoni 

hyeae (Suzanne Hye de Crom; gas- 
kelliana Xmossiae) 

interglossa (amethystoglossa Xinter- 
■media) 

intermedia (amethystina) 

— alba 

iridescens (Eldorado Xbicolor) 

Iris (JoicolorXdowiana) 

JocASTA (schroederiana X mossiae) 



ORCHID GENERA (CATTLEYA), continued 
kienastiana (dowiana Xlueddemann- 

iana (speciossissima) ) 
labiata 
— alba 

— atropurpurea 
— caenilescens 
— cooksoniae 
— cooksoni 

Probably the same as C. labiata cook- 
soniae. 

— Emperor 

Not found. 

— Mrs. G. B. Wilson 

— Mrs. Julius Roehrs 

— Mrs. M. Roehrs 

— polychilus 

— rosea 

Lady E\^lyn (Atalanta X hardyana) 

lawrenceana Lawrence Cattleya 

Leda (dowianaXpercivaliana) 

leoni (H. S. Leon; schroederiana X 

gigas) 
leopoldi (guttata leopoldi) 

Leopold Cattleya 
lobata .... Laelia boothiana 
loddigesi 

In scientific work this species iisually 
includes C. harrisoniana, which is 
maintained in this hst as distinct for 
horticultural purposes. 

Lord Rothschild . C. rothschildiana 
Lord Rothschild alba (dowianaX 

gaskelliana alba) 

C. rothschildiana var. 
lueddemanniana (speciosissima ) 
— alba (speciosissima alba) 
— stanleyi (speciosissima stanleyi) 
luegeae (Adonis (Enid) Xdowiana) 
luteola 
I\L\bel (peetersiae (Mrs. Myra 

Peters) Xwarneri) 
Maggie Raphael alba 

C. rafaeliae alba 
Magnet (mossiaeXwhitei) 
mantini (bowringianaXaurea) 
— nobilior 

maroni (dowiana Xvelutina) 
martineti 

Hyb. — not found in botanical Uterature. 

maxima 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. IT" .4iic=synonyms or unapproved names. 



ORCHID GENERA 



307 



ORCHID GENERA (CATTLEYA), continued 

maxima alba 

mcmastersiae (schilleriana X men- 
deli) 
mendeli 

Frequently spelled mendelli. 

— alba 

— alba RoEHRS 
— Columbia 
— Rutherford 

rnimicia C. minucia 

minucia (mimicia; loddigesiXgigas) 
miranda (amethystoglossa X trianae) 
Miss Williams . . C. williamsiae 
MoiRA {FabiaXmaniini splendens) 
— alba 
Moonbeam 

Hyb. — not known. 

mossiae 
— alba 
— aurea 
— C. Brown 
— caerulea 
— caerulescens 
— grandiflora 
— gravesiana 
— hardyana 
— H. Graves 

Presumably the same as C. mossiae 
gravesiana. 

— lilacina 

— Mrs. H. Komitsch 

— Mrs. J. Roehrs, Sr. 

— Mrs. Julius Roehrs 

— Mrs. J. T. Butterworth 

— reineckiana 

— reineckiana lilacina 

Possibly C. mossiae lilacina is the same. 

— rousseliana 
— rutherfordensis 
— superba 

— Victoria 
— wageneri 
M. Raphael . . . . C. rafaeliae 

M. Sander (dusseldorfiX mossiae 

alba) 
Mrs. J. W. Whiteley (bowringiana 

X hardyana) 

Mrs. Pitt C. pittiae 

murrayi {William Murray; mendeli 

X lawrenceana) 



ORCHID GENERA (CATTLEYA), continued 

Octave Doin Octavia 

OcfAviA {Octave Doin; dowianaX 

mendeli) 
Olivia {intermedia X trianae) 
parthenia {IsabellaXmossiae) 
peetersi {hardyana Xlabiata) 
percivaliana 
— alba 

— atropurpurea 
— aurora 
— caerulea 
— expansa 
— gigantea 
— grandiflora 
— Kaiser 
— Oreol 
— resplendens 
— roeblingiana 
— spectabilis 
— Stanley Ranger 
— superba 
' phrygia {Adonis {Enid) X Portia) 
pittiae {Mrs. Pitt; aureaXharri- 

soniana) 
pittiana {dowiana X granulosa) 
Portia {bowringiana X labiata) 
Prince Edward . . . C. edwardi 
Prince John {domanaXhardyana) 
Prince Olaf {parthenia Xlabiata) 
Prince Royal {FabiaXhardijana) 
Purple Emperor {gigas X Earl 

Grey) 
QuiBO {dowianaX williamsiae) 
radiata {dowiana Xedwardi {Prince 

Edward) ) 
rafaeliae {Maggie Raphael; Maggie 

Rafael; raphaelae; doivianaXtri- 

anae) 
— alba {raphaelae alba; dowianaX 

trianae alba) 

raphaelae C. rafaelae 

— alba C. rafaeliae alba 

Rembrandt {elongata Xlabiata) 

rex 

roberti {Robert de Wauri7i; schilleri- 

atiaX schroederiana) 
Robert de Wavrin . . . C. roberti 
roehrsiana {hardyana Xmendeli) 



.Sm.\ll CAPiTALS=approved common names. Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (f) see page 1. 



308 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



ORCHID GENERA (CATTLEYA), continued 

rothschildiana {Lord Rothschild; 
dowianaXgaskelliana) 

schilleriana 

schofieldiana {granulosa schofieldi- 
ana Cy) 

schroederae . . . C. schroederiana 

schroederiana {schroederae; trianae 
schroederae Cy) 

— alba 

— albescens 

— Baroness 

— citrina 

— caerulea 

— lilacina 

— meta 

— refulgens 

— rosea 

— Sunset 

— William Duckham 

Sibyl {iridescensXaurea) 

skinneri 

— alba 

— rosea 

Snowdon {lahiata alba X hyeae {Su- 
zanne Hye de Crom) ) 

Snowflake {lahiata alba X dus- 
seldorfi Undine) 

Snow Queen {gaskelliana X hyeae 
{Suzanne Hye de Crom) ) 

Soulange 

Hyb. — not known in botanical literature. 

s'peciosissima . C. lueddemanniana 

—alba C. 1. alba 

— gigantea C. lueddemanniana var. 

— stanleyi C. 1. Stanley! 

stuarti {mendeli X mossiae) 
suavior (mendeli Xintermedia) 
superba {violacea ABL-Cy) 
— splendens {violacea splendens 

ABL-Cy) 
Suzanne Hye de Crom . . C. hyeae 
thayeriana {intermedia X schroeder- 
iana alba) 
thurgoodiana {hardyana X luedde- 
manniana {speciosissiina) ) 
trianae 

— A. C. Burr age 
— alba 
— x\lice 
— amesiana 

— A. N. COOLEY 



ORCHID GENERA (CATTLEYA trianae) 
continued 

— atropurpurea 

— aurantiaca 

— backhousiana 

— Brightness 

— caerulea 

— caerulescens 

— compacta 

— delicata 

— dodgesoni 

— E. B. Dane 

— leeana 

— luminosa 

— Mrs. Earl G. B artels 

— Mrs. Edward S. Harkness 

— Mrs. H. J. LuTCHER 

— nigrescens 

— osmani 

— Pearl 

— President 

— purpurea 

— rosea 

— schiffmanni 

— splendens 

— virginalis 

velutina 

Possibly a nat. hyb., C. bicolor X C. 

guttata. 

Venus {dowiana X Iris) 
vestalis (doivianaXniaxima) 
violacea ABL-Cy . . . C. superba 
violacea splendens ABL-Cy 

C. superba splendens 
walkeriana 
wameri 
— alba 

— marmorata 
— superba 

warsceinczi ABL . . . . C. gigas 
wavriniana {gran ulosaX gigas) 
weedoniensis {schofieldiana X rnen- 

deli) 
wendlandiana {bowringianaXgigas) 
wigani {T. W. Wigan; dowianaX 

schilleriana) 
William Murray . . . C. murrayi 
williamsiae {Miss Williams; gaskel- 
liana Xharrisoniana) 
Zenia 

Hyb. — not known. 

Zephyr {schroederiana Xaurea) 



ORCHID GENERA 



309 



ORCHID GENERA (CATTLEYA), continued 
The following crosses have ap- 
peared in horticulture without 
names : 

Adonis {Enid Xdowiana) . C. luegeae 

Atalanta Xhardyana . . Lady Evelyn 

aurea Xgigas alba. Probably a form of 
C. hardyana. 

aurea Xhardyana alba 

aurea Xhyeana. Close to C. Prince John. 

aurea Xlabiata. Close to C. Fabia. 

aurea XLaelia crispa 

Laeliocattleya Pallas 

aurea Xsuavior 

bowringiana XLaelia crispa. This is a 
Laeliocattleya. 

dowiana Xaurea 

dowiana Xgigas alba . C. hardyana alba 

dowiana Xhardyana . . . Prince John 

dusseldorfi Xdowiana 

edwardi {Prince Edward) Xdowiana 

C. radiata 

gaskelliana Xmossiae . . . . C. hyeae 

gigas Xlabiata C. amabilis 

guttata Xhardyana 

hardyana Xleopoldi .... C. fowleri 

labiata XLaelia cinnabarina 

Laeliocattleya coronis 

lueddemanniana {speciosissima) Xdowi- 
ana C. kienastiana 

leuddemanniana {speciosissima) Xhardy- 
ana C. thurgoodiana 

leuddemanniana {speciosissima) X la- 
biata General Pau 

maxima Xaurea C. vestalis 

mendeli Xhardyana . . C. roehrsiana 

mossiae rouseliana X Laelia tenebrosa 

Laeliocattleya martinet! 

mossiae XHippolyta. Misspelled Hyp- 
polita. 

schilleriana X Laeliocattleya callistoglossa 
Laeliocattleya Tarquinias 

schofieldiana Xaurea . . . C. pittiana 

schofieldiana Xhardyana . C. germania 

schofieldiana Xmendeli. C. weedoniensis 

trianae Xaurea C. rafaeliae 

williamsiae {Miss Williams) Xaurea 

CHONDRORHYNCHA 

chestertoni 

CHYSIS 
aurea 

bractescens 
chelsoni {laevisXlitnminghei) 

CIRRHOPETALUM 

Considered by many botanists to be a 
section of Bulbophyllum. 

appendiculatum 
cylindraceum 

Not fomid in botanical literature, 
possibly a garden variety. 

lendyanum 



ORCHID GENERA (CIRRHOPETALUM), 

continued 

medusae 

picturatum 

pulchrum 

refractum . . . Windmill Orchid 

roxburghi 

thouarsi 

COCHLIODA 

noetzlidna Cy . . . C. noezliana 
noezliana (noetzliana Cy) 
rosea (Odordoglossum roseiun) 
sanguinea 

COELIA 
baueriana 
macrostachya 

COELOGLOSSUM 

HABENARIA 
COELOGYNE 

asperata (lowi) 
barbata 
- corrugata {nervosa ABL-Cy) 
cristata 

— alba . . . C. cristata hololeuca 
— chatsworthi 
— hololeuca (cristata alba) 
— lemoni . . C. cristata lemoniana 

Also misspelled lemoini. 

^lemoniana (cristata lemoni) 

— maxima 

dayana . . . Necklace Orchid 

elata 

fimbriata 

flaccida 

fragrans 

fuliginosa 

lactea 

lawrenceana 

lentiginosa 

lowi C. asperta 

massangeana 

may er iana (meyeria na ) 

meyeriana C. mayeriana 

mooreana Cy 

nervosa ABL-Cy 

ocellata (nitida ABL-Cy) 

— maxima 

pandurata 

prolifera 

sanderiana 

sparsa 



310 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



ORCHID GENERA (COELOGYNE), cont. 

speciosa 
stolonifera 

Not found in botanical literature. 

tomentosa 

CYCNOCHES . . Swan-orchid 

chlorochilon Common S. 

egertonianum . . . Egerton S. 

CYMBIDIUM 
alexanderi (C eburneo-lowianumX 

insigne) 
aloifolium 
— swartzi 

Beatrice {lowianumXschlegeli) 
Butterfly {insigne Xlowio-grandi-^ 

florum) 
capella (pauivelsiXwiganianum) 
Castar (insigne X woodhamsianuni) 
Chaffinch (Doris Xgottianum) 
cooperi (insigne sanderiXschroeder- 

ianum) 
Corona (lowianuinXschlegeli) 
Cybele 

Hyb. — not known. 

Diana (eburneo-lowianum X pau- 
welsi) 

Doris (insigne Xtracyanum) 

eburneo-lowiamim . . . C. veitchi 

ebumeum 

Egret (gottianum X pauwelsi) 

elegans (Cyperorchis elegans ABL- 
Cy) 

Elfin (parishi sanderaeX pauwelsi) 

ensifolium 

ery thro sty lum 

findlaysonianuin C. finlaysonianum 

finlaysonianum (findlaysonianum) 

George Woodhmn 

C. woodhamsianum 

giganteum 

gottianum (ehurneumXinsigne) 

grandiflorum 

hamburyanum (erythrostylum X 
tracyanum) 

holfordianum (eburneum X grandi- 
florum) 

iansoni 

Hyb. — not known. 

insigne (sanderi) 



ORCHID GENERA (CYMBIDIUM), cont. 
Jasper (veitchi (eburneo-lowianum) 
X parishi) 

lowi C. lowianum 

lowianum (lowi) 

— aureum 

— concolor 

— grandiflorurn .... C. sedeni 

lowio-eburneum . . . . C. veitchi 

Magpie 

Hyb. — not known. 

mastersi (Cyperorchis master si ABL) 
miranda (alc::anderiX sedeni) 
MoiRA (pauwelsi Xtracyanum) 

paidwelsi C. pauwelsi 

pauwelsi (paulwelsi; pawelsi) 

pawelsi C. pauwelsi 

pendulum 

schlegeli (insigne X wiganianum) 

schroederianum 

Not found in botanical literature, prob- 
ably an error for C. schroederi. 

sedeni (lowio-grandiflorum; lowi- 
anum grandiflorum; grandiflorum 
Xlowianum) 
Swallow (alexanderi X pauwelsi) 
Sybil (eburneum X pauwelsi) 

Also misspelled Sibyl. 

tigrinum 

traceyanum . . . . C. tracyanum 

tracyanum (traceyanum Cy) 

Probably the same as C. grandiflorum; 
by some considered a nat. hyb. 

veitchi (eburneo-lowianum; lowio- 
eburneum; lowianum Xeburneum) 

wiganianum (eburneum X tracy- 
anum) 

winnianum (giganteumXmastersi) 

woodhamense 

Probably the same as C. woodhamsi- 
anum. 

woodhamsianum (George Woodham; 
lowianumXveitchi) 

CYPRIPEDIUM . Ladyslipper 

For horticultural purposes this name is 
probably best retained for all forms. In 
science, today, the genus Cypripedium 
is split into four genera: Selenipedium, 
containing about three reed-like plants 
none of which is known in cultivation; 
Cypripedium, the North American and 
a few Chinese and Japanese species, 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. I T Alic=synonyins or unapproved names. 



ORCHID GENERA 



311 



ORCfflD GENERA (CYPRIPEDIUM), cont. 
maintaining the Linnean use of the name ; 
Cordula, the Old World tropical species 
which constitute the bulk of the green- 
house species and hybrids (these are all 
classed as Paphiopedilum by Bailey 
[Cy] and others); and Paphiopedilum 
(in its correct usage) for the Central 
and South American species which have 
been known in horticulture as Selenipe- 
dium (these are all classed as Phragmo- 
pedilum by Bailey [Cy] and others). 
In the following list the section and our 
preference will be abbreviated to Cyp. 
for Cypripedium; Cord, for Cordula, and 
Paph. for Paphiopedilum; but no new 
binomial or trinomial Latin names will 
be made, notwithstanding the fact that 
such names are not now in existence, es- 
pecially in the case of hybrids and va- 
riations of species. (For discussion of the 
generic names see Rolfe in Orchid Re- 
view, vol. 20 (1912), pp. 1-3.) In syn- 
onymy, C. will be used for Cypripedium, 
Pa. for Paphiopedilum, Ph. for Phrag- 
mopedilum, and S. for Selenipedium. 

acaule. Cyp. {Fissipes acaulis) 

Pink Ladyslipper 

Acis C. eucharis 

Acme. Cord. (C.riitensXC. Leander 

(Bessie K. Pitcher); Pa. Acme Cy) 

Actaeus C. simoni 

— langleyense. (Pa. Actaeus lang- 

leyense Cy; C. insigne sanderaeX 

C. leeanutn) . . . C. simoni var. 

— Victor C. simoni var. 

Acteus C. simoni 

Acteus Julius Roehrs 

C. simoni Julius Roehrs 
adamsi. Cord. (C. John Quincy 

Adams; C. CalypsoXC. regale). 
A. de Lairesse . . . . C. lairessei 
Adrastus mariae . . . Hera var. 
Aeson. Cord. (C. druryiXC. in- 
signe) 
ainsworthi. Paph. (C. browni; C. 

calurum; Ph. ainsivorthi Cy; 

Ph. browni Cy; Ph. calurum Cy; 

S. browni; C. longifolium X C. 

sedeni) 
Ajax. Cord. (C. chamberlainianum 

XC. germinyanum) 
albanense. Cord. (C. insigneXC. 

masiersianum) 

Small CAPiTALS^approved common names. 



ORCHID GENERA (CYPRIPEDIUM), cont. 
alheriianum 

C. leeanum albertianum 

— superbum . C. leeanum superbum 

Albert Truffaut . . C. savageanum 

albopurpureum. Paph. (Ph. albo- 
pur pure urn Cy; C. schlimiXC. 
dominianum) 

Alcibiades C. lasellei 

— magnijicum C. lasellei 

— superbum (Pa. Alcibiades super- 
bum Cy; C. leeanumXC. schles- 
ingerianum (Mons. de Cur(e) ) 

C. lasellei var. 

Alcides. Cord. (Pa. Alcides Cy; 
C. insigne mauleiXC. hirsutissi- 
mum) 

— C. G. Roebling Alcides superbum 

— Clio 

— superbum (C. Alcides C. G. 
Roebling) 

Alector. Cord.. (Pa. Alector Cy; 
C. barbatum crossi X C. spiceri- 
anum; C. eyermannianum ABL) 

alexandrae. Cord. (C. godefroyaeX 
C. nitens) 

Alfred Dimmock . . . C. castalia 

Alice. Cord. (Pa. Alice Cy; C. 
stoneiXC. spicerianum) 

Alma Gevaert. Cord. (C. lawren- 
ceanum XC. maudiae) 

almum. Cord. (Pa. almum Cy; C. 
barbatum XC. lawrenceanum) 

— atropurpureimi 

amandum .... C. crossianum 

amesi. Cord. (C. Oakes Ames; Pa. 
Oakes Ames Cy; C. ciliolareX 
tfothschildianum) 

amesianum . . C. measuresianimi 

Aphrodite. Cord. (Pa. Aphrodite 
Cy; C. niveumXC . lawrenceanum) 

appletonianum. Cord. (Pa. apple- 
tonianum Cy) 

Archie Niel. Cord. (C. leeanum 
compactum X C. [insigne] Hare- 
field Hall) 

Argus. Cord. (Pa. Argus Cy) 

arietinum. Cyp. 

Ramshead Ladyslipper 



Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (t) see page 



312 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



ORCHID GENERA (CYPRIPEDIUM), cont. 

Artemis. Cord. {Pa. Artemis Cy; 
C. dayanumXC. swanianum) 

arthurianum. Cord. {Pa. arthuri- 
anu7n Cy; C. insigneXC. fairiea- 
num) 

— grandiflorum 

— pulchellum {Pa. arthurianum pul- 
chellum Cy) 

ashburtonae. Cord. (C. harteti; Pa. 
ashburtonae Cy; Pa. harteti Cy; 
C. harbatumXC. insigne) 

— calospilum {Pa. ashburtonae calo- 
spilum Cy) 

— expansum {Pa. ashburtonae ex- 
pansum Cy) 

— laforcadei (C. loforcadei; Pa. la- 
forcadei Cy; C. barbatumXC. in- 
signe chantini) 

— superbum 

AsTRAEA. Cord. {Pa. Astraea Cy; 
C. philippinense X C. spicerianum) 

angusium C. hanseni 

aureum. Cord. {Pa. aureum Cy; 
C. nitensXC. spicerianum) 

— album 

— candidum 

— Cyrus (C. Cyrus) 

— hyeanum (C. hyeanum; Pa. au- 
reum hyeanum Cy) 

— Oedippe {C. Oedippe) 

— Surprise 

— virginale {C. virginale; Pa. au- 
reum virginale Cy) 

auroreum. Cord. {Pa.auroreumCy; 
C. lawrenceanumXC . venustum) 

baconis. Paph. (C. conchiferumX 
C. schlimi) 

barbato-mastersi .... Endyj^ion 

barbatum. Cord. {Pa. barbatum Cy) 

— biflorum {Paphiopedilum barba- 
tum biflorum Cy) 

— grandiflorum ( Pa . barbatum grand- 
iflorum Cy) 

— illustre {Pa. barbatum illustre Cy) 

— superbum {Pa. barbatum super- 
bum Cy) 

— wameri {Paphiopedilum barbatum 
warneri Cy) 

barbeyae. Cord. (C. Mme. Barbey; 
Pa. Mine. Barbey Cy; C. law- 
renceanumXC. tonsuin) 



ORCHID GENERA (CYPRIPEDIUM), cont. 
Baron Schroeder 

Cypripedium schroederi 

barteti C. ashburtonae 

Beatrice. Cord. {Pa. Beatrice Cy, 

C. boxalliXC. lowei) 
beeckmani. Cord. (C. berkleya- 

num ABL; Pa. beeckmani Cy; C. 

bellatulumXC. hoxalli) 
bellatulum. Cord. {Paphiopedilum 

hellatulum Cy) 
Beryl West Point. Cord. (C. 

beeckmaniXC. Mrs. Martin) 
Bessie K. Pitcher . . . Leander 
Black Prince. Cord. (C. HeraX 

C. rothschildianum) 
Blanche Moore 

Hyb. — parents unknown. 

boadicea Flamboyant C. sanderi var. 
boxalli. Cord. {Paphiopedilum vil- 

losum boxalli Cy) 
— albomarginatum 
— atratum 
— dilectum 
— superbum 

bragaianum . . . C. godseffianum 
brandtiae. Cord. (C. Frau Ida 

Brandt; Pa. Frau Ida Brandt 

Cy; C. loXC. youngianum) 

browni C. ainsworthi 

— leucoglossum {Ph. browni leuco- 

glossum Cy) . C. ainsworthi var. 
brunianum. Cord. {C . leeauumXC . 

oenanthum) 
Brysa. Paph. {Ph. Brysa Cy; S. 

Brysa; C. bossierianum X C. 

sedeni candidulum) 
buchanianum. Cord, {Pa. buchan- 

ianum Cy; C. druryiXC. spiceri- 
anum) 
buckinghami ABL . C. gratrixianum 
bullieri. Cord. (C tonso-villosum; 

Pa. tonso-villosum Cy; C. tonsum 

XC. villosum) 
calanthum. Cord. (C. Sappho; Pa. 

calardhum Cy; Pa. Sappho Cy; 

C. barbatumXC. lowei) 
calif ornicum. Cyp. 

California Ladyslipper 
callo-rothschildianum . . C. fowleri 
callosimi. Cord. {Pa. callosum Cy) 



ORCHID GENERA 



313 



ORCHID GENERA (CYPRIPEDIUM), oont. 

callosum giganteum {Pa. callosum 
giganteum Cy) 

— sanderae (Paphiopedilum callo- 
sum Sander ae Cy) 

calurum C. ainsworthi 

— rougieri . . . C. lemoinierianum 

Calypso. Cord. (Pa. Calypso Cy; 
C. boxalliXC. spicerianum) 

Calypso Garwood 

candidum. Cyp. 

White Ladyslipper 

canhami. Cord. (C. Charles Can- 
ham; C. Mrs. Charles Canham; 
Pa. canhami Cy; Pa. Mrs. Can- 
ham. Cy; C. superhiensXC . villa- 
sum) 

cardinale. Paph. (Ph. cardinale 
Cy; S. cardinale; C. sedeniXC. 
schlimi albiflorum) 

caricinum. Paph. (Ph. caricinum 
Cy; C. pearcei) 

Cast alia. Cord. (C. Alfred Dim- 
mock; C. druryi X C. godsefi- 
anum) 

caudatum. Paph. (Ph. caudatum 
Cy; S. caudatum) 

cenanthum C. oenanthum 

Typographical error. 

chamberlainianum. Cord. (Pa. 
chayyiberlainiajium Cy) 

chamberleeanum. Cord. (C. mor- 
teni; Pa. morteni Cy; C. chamher- 
lainianumXC. leeanum) 

Charles Canhain . . C. canhami 

charlesianum. Cord. (C.nitensXC. 
leeanum) 

charlesworthi. Cord. (Pa. charles- 
worthi Cy) 

— Norman 

chloroneurum. Cord. (C. lanthe; 
C. ivilliamsianum ; Pa. chloro- 
neurum Cy; Pa. lanthe Cy; Pa. 
williamsianum Cy; C. harrisi- 
anumXC. venustum) 

chlorops C, conchiferum 

ciliolare. Cord. (Pa. ciliolare Cy) 

clarki. Cord. (C. charlesworthi X 
C. swanianu7n) 

Cleola. Paph. (C.hoissierianumX 
C. schlimi) 



ORCHID GENERA (CYPRIPEDIUM), eont. 

Colossus. Cord. (C. nitens X C. 
villosum) 

colmani. Cord. (C. harrisianumX 
C. javanicum) 

— nigrum (Pa. colmani nigrum Cy) 

conchiferum. Paph. (C. chlorops; 
Ph. conchiferum Cy; Ph. chlorops 
Cy; C. caricinumXC . longifolium 
hartwegi) 

concinnum. Cord. {Pa. concinnum 
Cy; C. purpuraiumXC . harrisi- 
anum) 

— superbum 

concolor. Cord. (Pa. concolor Cy) 

conspicuum. Cord. (C. wallaerti- 
anum; Pa. conspicuum Cy; Pa. 
tvallaertiajium Cy; C. harrisi- 
anumXC. villosum) 

— superbum 

Constance. Cord. 
" coppinianum. Paph. (Ph. coppini- 
anum Cy; C. sedeniXC. conchi- 
ferum) 

Creon. Cord. (Pa. Creon Cy; C. 
harrisianum superbumXC. oenan- 
thum superbum) 

crossianum. Cord (C. amandum; 
Pa. crossianum Cy; Pa. amxin- 
dum Cy; C. insigneXC. venus- 
tum) 

— aureum (C. insigneXC. venustum 
pardinum) 

— pallidum (Pa. crossianum pal- 
lidum Cy) 

— psittacinum 

— tautzianam (Pa. crossianum taidz-^ 
ianum Cy) 

CuNiA. Cord. X Paph. (Phragmo- 
pedilum Cunia Cy) 

This is the result of a cross between a 
Cordula species (C. stonei) and a 
Paphiopedilum species (C. longifohum). 

curtemanni. Cord. (C. schlesing- 

eriamunXC . beeckmani) 
— magnificum Lows 
curtisi. Cord. {Pa. curtisi Cy) 
— exquisitum 
— purpura turn 
— Roehrs 



314 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



ORCHID GENERA (CYPRIPEDIUM), cont. 
cjrmatodes. Cord. (C. curtisi X C. 

superhiens) 
cycnides. Cord. (C . William Lloyd ; 

C. bellatulumXC. swanianum) 
dauthieri . , . . C. harrisianum 
— marmoratum 

C. harrisianum marmoratum 
dayanum. Cord. (Pa.dayanumCy) 
— superbum {Pa. dayanum super- 
bum Cy) 
deedmanianum. Cord. {Pa. dood- 

manianum Cy; C. chamberlain- 

ianumXC. spicerianum) 
Desdemona. Cord. {C . Sophie ABL] 

C. gowerianumXC . niveum) 

Dibdin Murillo 

dicksonianum. Cord. (C. Countess 

of Carnavon; C. Hera X C. vil- 

losum) 
dilectum. Cord. {Pa. diledum Cy; 

C. boxalliXC. hirsutisissimum) 

The same cross as C. godseffianum and 

probably identical with it. 

dominianum. Paph. {Ph. domini- 

anum Cy; C. caricinum X C. 

caudatum) 
— rubescens {Ph. dominianum ru- 

besceris Cy) 
donatianum ... C. oenanthum 
Dora. Cord. (C. bellatulum X C. 

charlesworthi) 
draco. Cord. (C. HeraXC.insigne) 
druryi. Cord. {Pa. druryi Cy) 
Duchess. Cord. (C. aureum X C. 

insigne) 
Duchess of Sutherland 

C. sutherlandiae 
Duke OF Marlborough. Cord. (C. 

Hera X C. leeanum) 
eastoni. Paph. (C. longifoliumX 

C. lindleyanum) 
Edith. Cord. (C rothschildiano- 

boxalli; Pa. rothschildiano-boxalli 

Cy; C. boxalli X C. rothschildia- 

num) 

edithae Rowena 

edwardi. Cord. (C. fairieanumX 

C. superbiens) 
eismanni . . . C. eismamiianimi 



ORCHID GENERA (CYPRIPEDIUM), cont. 

eismamiianum. Cord. {C. eismanni; 

C. lobengula; Pa. eismannianum 

Cy; Pa. lobengula Cy; C. boxalli 

XC. harrisianum) 
elliottianum. Cord. {Pa. rothschild- 

ianum elliottianum Cy) 
Emile. Cord. (C Einile Cappe; C. 

Hera X C. lathamianum) 

Emile Cappe Emile 

Emily Roeblinq 

Hyb. — not known. 

emodi. Cord. (C callosum sanderae 

XC. lawrenceanum hyeanum) 
Endymion. Cord. (C. barbato- 

mastersi; Pa. barbato-mastersi 

Cy; C. barbatumXC. mastersi- 

anum) 
enfieldense. Cord. {Pa. enfield- 

ense Cy; C. lawrenceanum XC. 

hookerae) 
eucharis. Cord. (C. Ads; Pa. 

Ads Cy; C. lawrenceanumXC . 

insigne sanderae) 

euryades Hera 

— Black Empress 

Hera Black Empress 
euryale. Cord. (C robinsonianum; 

Pa. euryale Cy; Pa. robinsoni- 
anum Cy; C lawrenceanumXC. 

superbiens) 
euryandrum. Cord. {Pa. euryan- 

drum Cy 'jCbarbatumXC. stand) 
Eva. Cord. (C. aureum hyeanum X 

C. memoria jerninghami) 
Evelyn Ames. Cord. (C. Evelyn 

ABL; Pa. Evelyn Ames Cy; 

C. Calypso XC. leeanum) 
— superbum (C. Calypso Oakwood 

XC. leeanum giganteum) 
exul. Cord. {Pa. exul Cy) 
eyermannianum ABL . . Alector 
fairieanum. Cord. {Paphiopedilum 

fairieanum Cy) 
— nigrum 
Fairy Queen. Cord. {Pa. Fairy 

Queen Cy; C. curtisiXC. druryi) 
fasciculatum. Cyp. 

Brownie Ladyslipper 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. I T Alic=synonyms or unapproved names. 



ORCHID GENERA 



315 



ORCHID GENERA (CYPRIPEDIUM), cont. 

Figaro. Cord. (C Tityus; C. oenan- 

thum X C spicerianum) 
— superbum (C. oenanthum super- 
hum X C. spicerianum) 
fowleri. Cord. (C. callo-rothschildi- 
anum; Pa. fowleri Cy; Pa. callo- 
rothschildianum Cy; C. callosum 
XC. rothschildianum) 
fraseri . . . C. porphyrochlamys 
Frau Ida Brandt . . C. brandtiae 
fulshawense . C. schlesingerianum 

Galatea C. oenanthum 

gandianum 

Not found in botanical literature, very 
probably an error for gaudianum. 

garfieldi. Cord. (C. James Garfield; 
Pa. James Garfield Cy; C. 
regale XC. tonsum) 

Garret A. Hobart . . . C. hobarti 

Gaston Butel . . . . C. schroederi 

gaudianum. Cord. {Pa. gaudianum 
Cy; C. curtisiXC. harrisianum 
superbum) 

Gay Gordon. Cord. (C. thompsoni 
X C. Leander {Lady Wimborne) ) 

gayotiae. Cord. (C. Mile. Made- 
leine Gayot; C. pellucidum; Pa. 
Mile. Madeleine Gayot; Pa. pel- 
lucidum Cy; C. dayanum insigne) 

George McWilliams 

Hyb. — not known. 

Geralda. Paph. {Ph. Geralda Cy; 
C. caudatumXC . lindleyanum) 

germinyanum. Cord. {Pa.germiny- 
anum Cy; C. hirsutissimum X C. 
villosum) 

giganteum. Paph. {C. macrochilum 
giganteum; Ph. macrochilum gi- 
ganteum Cy; C. caudatumXC. 
grande) 

gigas. Cord. (C. prewetti; Pa. gigas 
Cy; Pa. prewetti Cy; C. lawren- 
ceanum X C. harrisianum) 

— Corndean Hall 

C. gigas corndeani 
. — corndeani {gigas Corndean Hall) 

CORRUBEAN HaLL 

Probably the same as C. gigas corndeani. 

glaucophyllum. Cord. {Pa. glauco- 
phyllum Cy) 



ORCHID GENERA (CYPRIPEDIUM), cont. 

godefroyae. Cord. {Paphiopedilum 

godefroyae Cy) 
— leucochilum {Pa. godefroyae leu- 

cochilum Cy) 
godseffianum. Cord. (C. bragai- 

anum; Pa. godseffianum Cy; Pa. 

bragaianum Cy; C. boxalliXC. 

hirsutissimum) 
— albomarginatum 
Gordon Highlander. Cord. (C. 

Dreadnought X C. schlesingeri- 
anum {Mons. de Curte) ) 
gowerianum. Cord. {Pa. goweria- 

num Cy; C. curtisi X C. law- 

renceanum) 
— magnificum 
— schofieldianum 
grande. Paph. {Ph. grande Cy; S. 

grande; C. caudatumXC. longi- 

folium) 
. — atratum {Ph. grande atratum Cy) 
gratrixianum. Cord. (C bucking- 

hami ABL; Pa. gratrixianum Cy; 

C. hellatulumXC. enfieldense) 
gravesiae. Cord. {Pa. gravesiae 

Cy; C. ArgusXC. niveum) 
grovesianum. Cord. (C lathami- 

anumXC. leeanum) 
hanseni. Cord. (C. augustum; Pa. 

augustum Cy; C. haynaldianum 

XC. villosum) 
hardyanum Penelaus ABL 

Penelaus 
Harlequin. Cord. {Pa. Harlequin 

Cy; C. thompsoniXC. Mrs. Mos- 

tyn) 
harrisianum. Cord. {C. dauthieri, 

C. hybridum; Pa. harrisianum 

hybridujn Cy ; C. villosum X C. bar- 

bafum) 
— liniatum {Pa. harrisianum lini- 

atum Cy) 
— lutecium 
— marmoratum (C. dauthieri mar- 

moratum) 
— nigrum 
— pitcherianum {Pa. harrisianum 

pitchcrianum Cy) 



Small CAPiTAL8==approved common names. Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (t) see page 1. 



316 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



ORCHID GENERA (CYPRIPEDIUM), cont. 
harrisianum superbum {Pa. harris- 

ianum superhum Cy) 
— viridiflorum 
— vivicans 
harveyanum. Cord. (Pa. harvey- 

anum Cy; C. stoneiXC. leeanum) 
haynaldianum. Cord. {Pa. haynaldi- 

anum Cy) 
haywoodianum. Cord. (C. T. B. 

Haywood; Pa. T. B. Haywood; 

C. druryiXC. superbiens) 
Helena. Cord. (C. Helen II; C. 

hellatulum X C. insigne) 

Helen II Helena 

Helen II Roehrs . . Helena var. 
Hera. Cord. (C. Adrastus; C. 

euryades; C. boxalliXC. leeanum) 
— Black Empress {C. euryades 

Black Empress) 
— fautzianum 

Probably a misspelling. 

— Mrs. Tautz {Pa. Hera Mrs. 

Tautz Cy 
— Sanders 
Hiawatha. Cord. (C. godseffianum 

XC. leeanum) 
hirsutissimum. Cord. (Pa. hirsu- 

tissimum Cy) 
hirsutum ABL . . . C. spectabile 
hitchense 

Not found, probably the same as C. 
hitchensiae. 

hitchensiae. Cord. {C . charlesworthi 

XC. insigne) 
hobarti. Cord. (C. Garret A. Ho- 

bart; Pa. Garret A. Hobart; C. 

insigneXC. lathamianum) 
Holbrook Gaskel . C. longwoodense 
hookerae. Cord. (C. volonteanum; 

Pa. hookerae Cy) 
homianum. Cord. {C. picturatum; 

Pa. homianum Cy; C. spiceri- 

anumXC. superbiens) 
hybridum . . . . C. harrisianum 
hyeanum . . C. aureum hyeanum 
lanthe . . . . C. chloroneurum 
illustre. Cord. (C. lathamianumX 

C. nitens) 
Indra. Cord. (C. callosum X C. vil- 

losum) 



ORCHID GENERA (CYPRIPEDIUM), cont. 
ingens. Cord. {Pa. ingens Cy; C. 

insigneXC. rothschildiamim) 
insigne. Cord. {Pa. insigne Cy) 
— amesiae 

Perhaps the same as C. insigne amesi- 
anum. 

— amesianum {Pa. insigne amesi- 

anum Cy) 
— atrata 
— aureola 
— balliae 

— balliae superbum 
— Blanche Moore 
— Brightness 

— browni {Pa. insigne browni Cy) 
— brugense {Pa. i. brugense Cy) 
— chantini {Pa. i. chantini Cy) 
— chantini lindeni 
— chantini linderi 

Very Hkely the same as C. insigne 
chantini lindeni. 

— charlesworthi 

— citrinum {Paphiopedilum insigne 
citrinum Cy) 

— cobbianum 

— corrugatum {Pa. insigne corruga- 
tum. Cy) 

— coulsonianum {Pa. insigne coul- 
sonianum Cy) 

— dominianum {Pa. insigne domin- 
ianum Cy) 

— Dorothy {Pa. i. Dorothy Cy) 

— edenianum 

— Edward Roehrs 

— ernesti {Pa. insigne ernesii Cy) 

— eyermanni {Pa. insigne eyer- 
manni Cy) 

— fostermanni {Pa. insigne foster- 
ma nni Cy) 

— giganteum 

— Gladys 

— gravesi 

Probably the same as C. insigne gravesi- 
anum. 

— gravesianum {Pa. insigne graves- 

ianum Cy) 
— Harefield Hall {Pa. insigne 

Harefield Hall Cy) 
— heatonense 
— Hessle 



ORCHID GENERA 



317 



ORCHID GENERA (CYPRIPEDIUM), cont. 
insigne hurrellianum {Pa. insigne 

hurrellianum Cy) 
— immaculatum nigrum 
— lagerae {Pa. insigne lagerae Cy) 
— lageri 

Perhaps the same as C. insigne lagerae. 

— Laura Kimball {Pa. insigne 

Laura Kimball Cy) 
— leopardinum 
— lindeniae 

— luciani {Pa. insigne luciani Cy) 
— lucianiae 

Very likely the same as C. insigne 
luciani. 

— luteoalbum {Pa. insigne luteo- 
alhum Cy) 

— macfarlanei {Pa. insigne mac- 
farlanei Cy) 

— maculatum 

— maulei {Pa. insigne maulei Cy) 

— maximum {Pa. insigne maxi- 
mum Cy) 

— mcnabianum 

— merxemi 

— Monarch 

— Monkshood 

— montanum {Pa. insigne mon- 
tanum Cy) 

— Mrs. George B. Wilson 

— Oddity 

— Olivine 

— punctatum grandiflorum 

— rutherfordense 

— rutherfordi • 

Probably the same as C. insigne ruther- 
fordense. 

— sadleri 

— sanderae {Paphiopedilum insigne 

sanderae Cy) 
— sanderianum {Pa. insigne san- 

derianum Cy) 
— Special Variety 
— Standard 
— statterianum 
— sumanitense 
— sylhetense {Pa. insigne sylhe- 

tense Cy) 
— T. Melstrom 
— watsoni 
— westgatense 
— W. M. Dow 
— xanthinum 



ORCHID GENERA (CYPRIPEDIUM), cont. 
insigne youngianum 
— youngianum superbum 
— zebrinum 
lo grandis. Cord. (C. ArgusXC. 

lawrenceanum) 
James Garfield . . . . C. garfieldi 
James H. Veitch 

A form of Constance. 

James K. Polk . . . . C. polki 
javanicum. Cord. {Pa. javanicum 

Cy) 
J. Muller 

Ilyb. — not known. 

John Quincy Adains C. adamsi 
Joseph Howes. Cord. {C. nitens 
{sallieri) XC. villosum aureum) 
This is undoubtedly the same as C. 
Colossus. 

josephianum. Cord. {Pa. joseph- 
ianum Cy; C. druryiXC. sementa) 

Juno. Cord. {Pa. Juno Cy; C. 
callosum X C. fairieanum) 

kamili. Cord. {C.boxallixC.cham- 
herlainianum) 

kimballianum. Cord. {Pa. kimball- 
ianum Cy; Pa. praestans kim- 
ballianum Cy) 

Supposed nat. hyb. between C. dayanum 
and C. rothschildianum. There appears 
to be much confusion in regard to this 
name as perhaps two distinct things bear 
the same name, one of which (possibly 
both) is a variation of C. praestans. 

King George V. Cord. (C. charles- 

worthi XC. Tal is ma n ) 
Krishna. Cord. {Pa. Krishna Cy; 

C. insigneXC . ionsum) 
laevigatum . . . . C. philippinense 
laforcadei 

C. ashburtonae laforcadei 
lairessei. Cord. {C . A . de Lairesse ; 

C. curtisiXC. rothschildianum) 
lanierianum 

Hyb. — not known. 

lasellei. Cord, {C. Alcibiades; C. 
Alcibiades magnificum; Pa. Alci- 
biades Cy; Pa. Alcibiades magnifi- 
cum Cy; C. leeanumXC. schles- 
ingerianum) 

lathamianum. Cord. (C. thompsoni; 
Pa. lathamianum Cy; Pa. thomp- 
soni Cy; C. spicerianum X C. 
villosum) 



318 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



ORCHID GENERA (CYPRIPEDIUM), cont. 

lathamianum Negleys 

laurae. Cord. (C. Mrs. G. D. Owen; 

Pa. Mrs. G. D. Owen Cy; C. 

superciliare X C. viUosum) 
lawrenceanum. Cord. (Pa. lawren- 

ceanum Cy) 
— gratrixianum 
— hyeanimi (Pa. lawrenceanum hy- 

eanum Cy) 
— superbum {Pa. lawrenceanum 

superhum Cy) 
Leander. Cord. (C. Bessie K. 

Pitcher; C. Lady Wimborne; Pa. 

Leander Cy; Pa. Bessie K. 

Pitcher Cy; C. leeanum X C. vil- 

losum) 
ledouxiae. Cord. {Pa. ledouxiae 

Cy; C. callosumXC. harrisianum) 
leeanum. Cord. {Pa. leeanum Cy; 

C. insigneXC. spicerianum) 
— albertianum (C alhertianum; Pa. 

alhertianum Cy; C. insigne X C. 

spicerianum wallacei) 
— aureum {Pa. leeanum aureum Cy) 
— bufordiense {Pa. leeanum bu- 

fordiense Cy) 
— clinkaberryanum {Pa. leeanum 

clinkaberryanum Cy) 
— E. B. Dane 
— giganteum {Pa. leeanum gigan- 

teum Cy) 
— grandiflorum {Pa. leeanum grand- 

iflorum Cy) 
— gratrixiae 

— lutescens {Paphiopedilurn leea- 
num lulescens Cy) 
— magnificum 
— masereelianum {Pa. leeanum mas- 

ereelianum Cy) 
— nigrescens {Pa. leeanum nigres- 

cens Cy) 
— nigrum 
— pulchellum {Pa. leeanum pulchel- 

lum Cy) 
— Purity 
— roehrsianum 
— superbissimum 

— superbimi (C. albertianum super- 
bum; Pa. leeanum superbum Cy) 



ORCHID GENERA (CYPRIPEDIUM), cont. 

leeanum virginale 
lemoinierianum. Paph. (C. calurum 

rougieri; C. ainsworthi {calurum) 

XC. sedeni) 
leonae. Cord. (C insigne X C. cal- 

losum) 
leucorrhodwn 

C. sedeni leucorrhodum 
lindleyanum. Paph. Hyb. {Ph. lind- 

leyanwn Cy) 
Lloyd magnijicum Charlesworths 

C. cycnides var. 
lobengula . . . C. eismannianum 
longifolium. Paph. {Ph. longifo- 

lium Cy) 
— hartwegi (C. roezli; Selenipedium 

roezli) 
— magniflorum {Ph. longifolium 

magniflorum Cy) 
longwoodense. Cord. (C. Hol- 

brook Gaskel; Pa. Holbrook Gas- 
ket Cy; C. Charles worthi X C. 

leeanum) 

Lord Derby C. mabeliae 

louryanum . . . . C. lowryanum 
lowei. Cord. {C. lowianum; Pa. 

lowei Cy) 

lowianum C. lowei 

lowryanum. Cord. (C louryanum; 

C. ashburtonaeXC. vernixium) 
luridum. Cord. {Pa. luridum Cy; 

C. lawrenceanum X C. villosum 

superbum) 
— purpureum {Pa. luridum pur- 
pure um Cy) 
mabeliae. Cord. (C. Lord Derby; 

C. rothschildiano-superbiens ; C. W. 

R. Lee; Pa. Lord Derby Cy; Pa. 

rothschildiano-superbiens Cy; Pa. 

W. R. Lee Cy; C. rothschild- 

ianumXC. superbiens) 
macfarlanei. Cord. {Pa. macfar- 

lanei Cy; C. calophyllum X C. 

spicerianum) 
macrochilum giganteum 

C. giganteimi 
macropterum. Cord. {Pa. macro- 

pterum Cy; C. lowei X C. super- 
biens) 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. jrAZic^synonyms or unapproved names. 



ORCHID GENERA 



319 



ORCHID GENERA (CYPREPEDIUM), cont. 

madiotianum. Cord. (C. chamher- 

lainianum X C. villosum) 
magniflonim. Paph. 

Hyb.? — possibly the same as C. longi- 
folium magniflorum. 

mahlerae. Cord. (C. rothschildiano- 
lawrenceanum ; Pa. mahlerae Cy; 
Pa. rothschildiano-lawrenceanum 
Cy; C. rothschildiayium X C. law- 
renceanum) 

mandae. Cord. (C.insigneXC. ja- 
vanicum) 

mangoldi. Cord. {Pa. mangoldi Cy) 

Hyb. — parents not known. 

marmorophyllum. Cord. {Pa. mar- 
morphyllum Cy; C. hookeraeXC. 
harhaium) 

marstonae. Cord. (C. callosumX 
C. insigne sanderae) 
Possibly the same as C. leonae. 

massaianum. Corel. {Pa. massai- 
anuni Cy; C. rothschildianumX 
C. superciliare) 

masters! 

Not found in botanical hterature, prob- 
ably the same as C. mastersianum. 

mastersianum. Cord. {Pa. masters- 
ianum Cy) 

matthewsi. Cord. (C. lawrencea- 
numXC. mastersianum) 

maudiae. Cord. {Pa.maudiaeCy] 
C. lawrenceanum hyeanum X C. 
callosum sanderae) 

— magnificum {Pa. maudiae mag- 
nificum Cy) 

— NoN Plus Ultra 

measuresianum. Cord. (C. ames- 
ianum; Pa. measuresianum Cy; 
Pa. amesianum Cy; C. villosum 
XC. venustum) 

Medeia. Cord. {C. spicerianumX 
C. hirsutissimum) 

Melanthus. Cord. {Pa. Melan- 
thus Cy; C. hookeraeXC. stonei) 

memoria-7noensi . . C. savageanum 

MiLO. Cord. {C. oenanthum super- 
bum X C. insigne chantini) 

Minos. Cord. {Pa. Minos Cy; 
C. arthurianumXC. spicerianum) 



ORCHID GENERA (CYPRIPEDIUM), cont. 
Minos lowi (C. arthurianum pul- 
chellum X C. spicerianum) 

Apparently has the same parents as C. 
Minos youngi. 

— youngi (C. arthurianum pulchel- 

lum X C. spicerianum) 
Mile. Madeleine Gayot . C. gayotiae 
Mme. Barbey . . . . C. barbeyae 
Mme. Cappe . . . C. savageanum 
Mons. de Curie C. schlesingerianum 
montanum. Cyp. 

Mountain Ladyslipper 
morganiae. Cord. {Pa. morganiae 

Cy; C. stoneiXC. superbiens) 
morteni . . . C. chamberleeanum 
Mrs. Charles Canham . C. canhami 
Mrs. G. D. Owen . . . . C. laurae 
Mrs. W. A. Roebling C. schroederae 
MuRiLLO. Cord. (C. Dibdin; Pa. 

Dibdin Cy; C. ArgusXC. boxalli) 
Nellie. Cord. {C. tonso-charles- 

worthi; Pa. tonso-charlesworthi 

Cy; C. tonsumXC. charlesworthi) 
NiEUPORT. Cord. {C. HeraXC. Van 

Dyck) 
NioBE. Cord. {Pa. Niobe Cy; C. 

fairieanum X C. spicerianum) 

— ROEHRS 

— shorthillense 

nitens. Cord. (C sallieri; Pa. 

nitens Cy; Pa. sallieri Cy; C. 

villosumXC. insigne maulei) 
— Ardel Court 
— Chillingham 
— gravesianum {Pa. nitens graves- 

ianum Cy) 
— hyeanum (C. sallieri hyeanum; 

Pa. nitens sallieri hyeanum Cy; 

Pa. sallieri hyeanum Cy) 
— nigrum 
nitidissimum. Paph. {Ph. nitidissi- 

mum Cy; C. caudatumXC. con- 

chiferum) 
niveimi. Cord. {Pa. niveum Cy) 

Oakes Ames C. amesi 

oakesi. Cord. (C. curtisiXC. pur- 

puratum) 
Oedippe . . . C. aureimi Oedippe 



Small CAPiTAL8=approved common names. Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (f) see page 1. 



320 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



ORCmD GENERA (CYPRIPEDIUM), cont. 

oenanthum. Cord. (C. cenanthum; 
C. donatianum; C. Galatea; C. thi- 
bautiarium; Pa. oenanthum Cy; 
Pa. donatianum Cy; Pa. Galatea 
Cy; Pa. thibautianum Cy; C. har- 
risianumXC. insigne maulei) 

— superbum {Pa. oenanthum su- 
perbum Cy) 

Olivia. Cord. (Pa. Olivia Cy; C. 
niveumXC. tonsum) 

Orion. Cord. {Pa. Orion Cy; 
C. concolorXC. insigne) 

orphanum. Cord. {Pa. orphanum 
Cy; C. barbatumXC . druryi) 

osbornei C. savage anum 

parishi. Cord. {Pa. parishi Cy) 

parviflorum. Cyp. 

Small Yellow Ladyslipper 

— puhescens . . . . C. pubescens 

passerinum. Cyp. 

pavonianum . . . . C. pavoninum 

pavoninum. Cord. {C. pavonianum; 
C. ravonianum; Pa. pavoninum 
Cy; C. boxalliXC. venustum) 

— inversum 

Probably the same as the species. 

pearcei C. caricinum 

pellucid urn .... C. gayotiae 
Penelaus. Paph. (C. hardyanum 

Penelaus ABL; Ph. Penelaus Cy; 

ainsworthi {calurum)XC. cauda- 

tum) 
Perseus. Paph. {Ph. Perseus Cy; 

C. sedeni porphyreumXC . lind- 

leyanum) 
philippinense. Cord. (C laevigatum) 
pitcherianum . . C. savageanum 
picturaium . . . . C. hornianum 
politum. Cord. {Pa. politum Cy; 

C barbatumXC. venustum) 
polki. Cord. {C. James K. Polk; 

Pa. James K. Polk Cy; C. 

chamberlainianumXC . nitens) 
polletianum. Cord. (Pa. polleti- 

anum Cy; C. calophyllumXC. 

oenanthum superbum) 
— magnificum 
polystigmaticum. Cord. {Pa. poly- 

stigmaticum Cy; C. venustumXC. 

spicerianum) 



ORCHID GENERA (CYPRIPEDIUM), cont. 
porphyrochlamys. Cord. {C.fraseri; 

Pa. fraseri Cy; C. barbatumXC. 

hirsutissimum) 
porphyreum . C. sedeni prophyreum 
praestans. Cord. {Pa. praestans Cy) 
Premier. Cord. {Pa. Premier Cy; 

C. cymatodes X C. rothschildianum) 

prewetti C. gigas 

Priapus. Cord. {Pa. Priapus Cy; 

C. philippinenseXC . villosum) 
Princess. Cord. {Pa. Princess Cy; 

C. coffineti X C. fairieanum) 
Prospero. Cord. (C. spicerianum 

XC. insigne sanderae) 
pubescens. Cyp. 

Common Yellow Ladyslipper 

Some consider this only a large-flowered 
variety of C. parviflorum. 

purpuratum. Cord. {Pa. purpura- 
tum Cy) 

Pygmalion. Cord. {C. villosumX 
C. ciliare) 

Pytho magnificum. Cord. (C. mas- 
tersianum X C. callosum magnif- 
icum) 

radiosum. Cord. {Pa. radiosum Cy; 
C. lawrenceanum X C. spiceria-^ 
num) 

— shorthillense 

ravoitidnum . . . . C. pavoninum 

Tyijographical error. 

regale. Cord. {Pa. regale Cy; C. 
pur puratumXC . insigne maulei) 

reginae C. spectabile 

reginaldianum. Cord. {Pa. regi- 
naldianum Cy; C. insigne X C. 
siamense) 

Reginald Young. Cord. (C. hitch- 
ensiaeXC .insigne Harefield Hall) 

reynaldi. Cord. {C. boxalliXC. vil- 
losum) 

robinsonianum . . . . C. euryale 

roezli . . C. longifolium hartwegi 

rolfei magnificum. Cord. {C. bel- 
latulumXC. rothschildianum) 

Romulus. Cord. (C. Troilus; C. 
Ville de Paris; C. Zeno; Pa. Troi- 
lus Cy; C. insigne XC. nitens) 

RosETTi. Cord. {Pa. Rosetti Cy; 
C. insigne sanderianumXC . mau- 
diae) 



ORCHID GENERA 



321 



ORCHID GENERA (CYPRIPEDIUM), cont. 

RosETTi magnificum 

rossianum. Cord. (C tonso-barba- 
tum; C. tonsumXC. barbatum) 

roihschildiano-boxalli . . . Edith 

rothschildiano-lawrenceanum 

C. mahlerae 

rothschildiano-superbiens 

C. mabeliae 

rothschildiano-tonsum . . . Solon 

rothschildianum. Cord. {Pa. roth- 
schildianum Cy) 

RowENA. Cord. (C. edithae; Pa. 
edithae Cy; C. bellatulum X C. 
chamberlainianum) 

St. Albans. Cord. (C AntigoneX 
C. harrisianum) 

sallieri C. nitens 

— aureum {Pa. sallieri aureum Cy) 
C. nitens var. 

— hyeanum . C. nitens hyeanum 

— nigromaculatum {Pa. sallieri ni- 
gromaculatum Cy) C. nitens var. 

— pidum {Pa. sallieri pidum Cy) 
C. nitens var. 

— platypetalum {Pa. sallierei platy- 
petalum .... C. nitens var. 

sanderi. Cord. {C. boadicea; C. 
Calypso X C. nitens) 

sanderianum. Cord. 

Sappho C. calanthum 

sargentianum. Paph. {Ph.sargenti- 
anum Cy) 

saundersianum. Paph. {Ph. saun- 
dersianum Cy; C. caudalum X C. 
schlimi) 

savageanum. Cord. (C. Albert Truf- 
faut; C. memoria-moensi; C. Mme. 
Cappe; C. osbornei; C. pitcheria- 
num; Pa. savageanum Cy; Pa. 
Albert Truffaut Cy; Pa. memoria- 
moensi Cy; Pa. Mme. Cappe Cy; 
Pa. osbornei Cy; Pa. pitcherianum 
Cy; C. harrisianum XC . spiceria- 
num) 

schlesingerianum. Cord. (C. Jul- 
shawense; C. Mons. de Curte; C. 
sibyrolense; C. W. W. Lunt; Pa. 
sdilesingerianum Cy; Pa. sibyro- 
lense Cy; Pa. W. W. Lunt; C. 
boxalliXC. insigne maulei) 



ORCHID GENERA (CYPRIPEDIUM), cont. 
schlimi. Paph. {Ph. schlimi Cy) 
schroederae. Paph. (C. Mrs. W. 

A. Roebling; Ph. schroederae Cy; 

Ph. Mrs. W. A. Roebling Cy; 

S. helenae; C. caudatumXC. se- 

deni) 
— gravesiae 
— splendens 
schroederi. Cord. {C. Baron 

Schroeder; C. Gaston Butel; Pa. 

Baron Schroeder Cy; Pa. schroed- 
erae Cy; C.fairieanumXC. oenan- 

thum) 
Seaforth Highlander. Cord. (C. 

Dreadnought X C. schlesingeria- 
num {fulshawense) ) 
sedeni. Paph. (C. tenellum; Ph. 

sedeni Cy; Pa. tenellum Cy; S. 

sedeni; C. schlimi X C. longi- 

folium) 
— candidulum {Ph. sedeni candidu- 

lum Cy) 
— leucorrhodum (C. leucorrhodum ; 

Ph. leucorrhodum Cy) 
— porphyreum (C porphyreum; Ph. 

porphyreum Cy; C. longifolium 

hartwegiXC. schlimi) 
— weidlichianum (C weidlichianum; 

Ph. weidlichianum Cy) 
selligerum. Cord. {Pa. selligerum 

Cy; C. barbatumXC. philippin- 

ense) 
— majus {Pa. selligerum ma jus Cy) 

Probably not distinct from the species 
proper. 

— porphyreum {Pa. selligerum por- 
phyreum Cy) 
siamense. Cord. {Pa. siamense Cy) 

Nat. hyb. between C. appletonianum 
and C. callosum. 

sibyrolense . . C. schlesingerianum 

siebertianum. Cord. {Pa. siebertia- 

num Cy ; C. dayanumXC. insigne) 

Probably the same as C. gayotiae. 

simoni. Cord. (C. Adaeus; C. 

Adeus; Pa. Adaeus Cy; C. 

leeanumXC. insigne sanderae) 
simoni Julius Roehrs (C Adeus 

Julius Roehrs) 
— nivale 
— punctatum 



322 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



ORCfflD GENERA (CYPRIPEDIUM), cont. 
Snowflake. Cord. (C. godseffi- 

anumXC. insigne sanderae) 
Solon. Cord. (C. rothschildiano- 

tonsum; Pa. rothschildiano-ton- 

sum Cy; C. rothschildianumXC. 

tonsnm) 
spectabile. Cyp. {C . hirsuium ASL; 

C.reginae) . Showy Lad yslipper 
spicerianum. Cord. (Pa. spiceri- 

anum Cy) 
— aureum 
— roseum 
spicero-niveum. Cord. (Pa.spicero- 

niveum Cy; C. spicerianum X C. 

niveum) 
statherianum. Cord. (C. chamber- 

lainianumXC. mastersianum) 
stevensi. Cord. (C Calypso X C. 

latham.ianum) 
stonei. Cord. {Pa. stonei Cy) 
— cannaertianum (Pa. stonei can^ 

naertianum Cy) 
Sunshine. Cord. (C. rothschildia- 
numXC. beeckmani) 
superbiens. Cord. (C. veitchi; C. 

veitchianum; Pa. superbiens Cy) 
superciliare. Cord. {Pa. super ciliare 

Cy; C. barbatumXC. superbiens) 
sutherlandiae. Cord. (C. Duchess 

of Sutherland; Pa. Duchess of 

Sutherland Cy; C. rothschildi- 

anum X C. youngianum) 
swanianum. Cord. {Pa. swanianum 

Cy; C. dayanumXC. barbatum) 
— excelsum 
swinbumei magnificum. Cord. {Pa. 

swinburnei magnificum Cy; C. 

insigne maulei X C. Argus) 
T. B. Haywood . C. haywoodianum 

tenellum C. sedeni 

— roseum . . . . C. sedeni var. 
tenue 

Hyb. — not known. 

tessellatum porphyreum. Cord. 

{Pa. tessellatum porphyreum Cy; 

C. concolor X C. barbatum) 
thayerianum superbum. Cord. (C. 

boxalliXC. lawrenceanum) 



ORCHID GENERA (CYPRIPEDIUM), cont. 
Thetis. Cord. {C. calophyllum 

ABL; Pa. Thetis Cy; C. venus- 

tumXC. barbatum) 
thibautianum . . . C. oenanthum 
thompsoni . . . . C. lathamianum 
titanum . . C. urgandae titanium 

Titxjus Figaro 

tonso-arthurianum. Cord. {Pa. 

tonso-arthurianum Cy) 
tonso-barbatum . . . C. rossianum 
tonso-charlesworthi .... Nellie 
tonso-purpuratum. Cord. {Pa. ton- 

so-purpuratum Cy) 
tonso-sanderae. Cord. {Pa. tonso- 

sanderae Cy) 

Probably either sanderi or sanderianum 

was intended, or C. tonsum sanderae. 

ionso-villosum C. bullieri 

tonsum. Cord. {Pa. tonsum Cy) 
— charlesworthi 

C. tonso-charlesworthi is probably in- 
tended. 

— purpuratum 

C. tonso-purpuratum is probably in- 
tended. 

— sanderae 

See note under C. tonso-sanderae, above. 

— villosum 

C. tonso-villosum is probably intended. 

Transvaal. Cord. {Pa. Trans- 
vaal Cy; C. chamberlainianumX 
C. rothschildianum) 

triumphans. Cord. {Pa. triumph- 
ans Cy; C. nitensXC. oenanthum) 

Troilus Romulus 

truffautiae. Cord. (C. ciliolare X C. 
stonei) 

Uranus. Paph. .(PA. Uranus Cy; 
C. lindleyanumXC . grande) 

urgandae. Paph. {Ph. urgandae Cy; 
C. lindleyanumXC. longifolium) 

— Graves 

— titanium (C. titanum; Phragmo- 

pedilum titanum Cy) 
U. S. Grant 

Hyb. — not known. 

Van Dyck. Cord. (C. Vandyke; 
C. hirsutissimum X C. schlesing- 
erianum {Mons. de Curte) ) 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. /r.4Ztc^synonyms or unapproved names. 



ORCHID GENERA 



323 



ORCHID GENERA (CYPRIPEDIUM), cont. | 

Van Dyck superbum 

Vandyke Van Dyck 

veitchi C. superbiens 

venustum. Cord. (Pa.venustumCy) 
vemixium. Cord. {Pa. vernixium 

Cy; C. ArgusXC. villosum) 
Verona. Cord. (C. heeckmaniXC. 

leeanum) 
vexillarium. Cord. {Pa. vexillarium 

Cy; C barbatianXC. fairieanum) 
victoria mariae 

Not found in botanical literature, prob- 
ably an artificial hyb. 

Victoria Marie 

Probably the same as the preceding. 

Ville de Paris Romulus 

villosum. Cord. {Pa. villosum Cy) 
— albomarginatum {Pa. villosum al- 

homarginatum Cy) 
— aureum {Pa. villosum aureum Cy) 
— superbum 

volonteanum Cy . . . C. hookerae 
wallaertianum . . . C. conspicuum 
wameri 

Not found in botanical literature, prob- 
ably the same as C. barbatum warneri. 

weidlichianum 

C. sedeni weidlichianum 
W. H. Harrison 

Hyb. — not known. 

William McKinley 

Hyb. — not known. 

— superbum 

williamsianum . . C. cbloroneurum 
wimiianum. Cord. {Pa. winnianum 

Cy; C. villosum XC. druryi) 

W. R. Lee C. mabeliae 

W. W. hunt . C. schlesingerianum 
youngianum. Cord. {Pa. youngia- 

num Cy; C. superbiens X C. phil- 

ippinense) 
YvETTE superbum 

Hyb. — not known. 

Zampa {Pa. Zampa Cy; C. hirsu- 
tissimumXC . leeanum) 

Zeno. Cord. {C.boxalliXC. ton- 
sum) 

Zeno {C. insigneXC . niiens) 

Romulus 



ORCHID GENERA (CYPRIPEDIUM), cont. 
The following; crosses have ap- 
peared in horticulture without 
names : 

aureum hyeanum Xmemoria jerninghami 
heeckmani X schlesingerianum (Mons. 

de Curte) C. curtemanni 

boxalli Xthompsoni 
chamberlainianum Xmastersianum 

C. statherianum 
curtisi Xpurpureum .... C. oakesi 

Purpuratum is undoubtedly intended; 

there is no C. purpureum. 
hitchense [hitchensiae] X [insigne] Hare- 
field Hall .... Reginald YouIvg 
insigne Harefield Hall X oenanthum 

superbum. AUied to C Milo. 
— Harefield Hall X spicerianum. 

AUied to C. leeanum. 
— Monarch X 7iitens 
leeanum Xbeeckmani .... Verona 
lindleyanum X [sedeni] leucorrhodum 
nitens {sallieri aureum) X insigne san- 

derae. Allied to C. Romulus. 
sanderae Xinsigne lucianiae 
schlesiiigerianum (Mo?is. de Curte) X 

clinkaberryanum 
spicerianum XLaura Kimball 

CYRTOPODIUM 

andersoni 
punctatum 

CYTHEREA . . . CALYPSO 

DENDROBIUM 

In this list Sarcopodium is included in 
Dendrobium; by a majority of botanists 
it is considered to be only a subgenus. 

acuminatum {Sarcopodium acumi- 
natum Cy) 

aggregatum 

— majus 

ainsworthi {Artemis; aureum X no- 
bile; Artemus; edithae) 

— leechianum {leechianum) 

— splendidissimum (splendidissi- 
mum) 

albosanguineum 

amesianum grandiflorum 

Not found in botanical literature, prob- 
ably a garden hybrid. 

amplum {Sarcopodium amplum Cy) 

anceps 

Apollo grandiflorum 

D. rubens grandiflorum 
Artemis D. ainsworthi 



Small CAPiTALS=approved common names. Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (t) see page 



324 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



ORCHID GENERA (DENDROBIUM), cont. 
Artemus .... D. ainsworthi 
Asp ASIA {ivardianum. X aureum) 
atroviolaceum 
aurantiacum 

aureum .... D. heterocarpum 
barbatulum 

It is qmte possible that the material 
grown under this name is in reality D. 
fytchianum. 

barbigenim (barbrigium) 
harbrigium . . . . D. barbigerum 

Misspelling. 

bellatulum 
bensoniae (bensoni) 

bensoni D. bensoniae 

bigibbum 

bronckarti 

brymerianum 

bufordiense D. dulce 

calceolaria 

D. moschatum calceolaria 
calceolus . . . . D. moschatum 
cambridgeanum {Dendrobium ochre- 

atum ABL-Cy) 
cariniferum 

Cassiope {moniliforme Xnobile) 
childsi 

Not found in botanical literature, prob- 
ably a garden hybrid. 

chlorostele (Juno; xanthocentron 
Cy ; linawianum X ivardianum) 

chrysanthum (paxtoni) 

chrijsodiscus . . . D. melanodiscus 

chrysotoxum 

— suavissimum (suavissimum) 

ciliatum annamense 

clavatum 

coelog5nie (Sarcopodiwm coelogyne 
Cy) 

crassinode (pendulum ABL-Cy) 

— barberianum 

crepidatum 

cretaceum 

crystallinum 

cupeta 

Not found in botanical literature, prob- 
ably a garden hybrid. 

cupreum . D. moschatum cupreum 

curtisi (Cassiope X aureum) 

Cybele (findlayanum Xnobile) 

cymbidioides 

dalhousieanum (pulchellum ABL) 



ORCHID GENERA (DENDROBIUM), cont. 

dearei 
densiflorum 

Desdemona D. rubens 

devonianum 
dixanthum 

dominianum (linavnanum Xnobile) 
Doris (ainsworthi Xmoniliforme) 
dulce (bufordiense; aureum X lin- 
awianum) 

edithae D. ainsworthi 

endocharis (aureum X moniliforme) 

eriaeflorum 

enosmum (endocharis Xnobile) 

— leucopterum 

Euryalus D. rubens 

Euterpe . . . . D. murrhiniacum 

falconer! 

farmeri 

fimbriatum 

— oculatum 

findlayanum 

formosum 

— giganteum 

goldiei D. superbiens 

Harold (jindlayanumXUnawianum ) 

— amoenum 

heterocarpum (aureum) 

hildebrandi 

infundibulum 

— jamesianum (jamesianum) 

jamesianum 

D. infundibulum jamesianum 
johannis 

Juno D. chlorostele 

kingianum 
leechianum 

D. ainsworthi leechianum 
lituiflorum 
— freemani 

luna D. melanodiscus 

luteola 
macrophyllum 

There is also a D. macrophyllum of 
Lindley, which is the same as D. super- 
bum and which is probably the plant 
more commonly in cultivation. 

— dayanum . D. superbum anosmum 
— giganteum . . . D. s. giganteum 
melanodiscus (chrysodiscus ; luna; 

findlayanum X ainsworthi) 
— pallens (pallens) 



ORCHID GENERA 



325 



ORCmD GENERA (DENDROBIUM), cont. 

meterocarpum 

Not found, probably a garden hybrid. 

micans (wardianumXlituiflorum) 

moschatum (calceolus) 

— calceolaria (calceolaria) 

— cupreum (cupreum) 

Mrs. Alfred Rogers {findlaij- 
anurn X hildehrandi) 

murrhiniacum (murrhinianum ; Eu- 
terpe; nobileXwardianum) 

murrhinianum . D. murrhiniacum 

NioBE (tortile Xnobile) 

nobile 

— album 

— amesiae 

— amesianum 

Probably the same as D. nobile amesiae. 

— ashworthi 

Probably the same as D. nobile ash- 
worthianum. 

— ashworthiae 

Probably the same as D. nobile ash- 
worthianum. 

— ashworthianum 
— ballianum 
— cooksoni 

Probably the same as D. nobile cook- 
sonianum. 

— cooksonianum 

— Larz Anderson 

— majus 

— Mrs. Larz Anderson 

This and D. nobile Larz Anderson may 
be the same. 

— murrhiniacum 

Possibly the same as D. murrhiniacum. 

— nobilius 

— owenianum 

— pulcherrimum 

— Rajah 

— roseum 

— ^rothwellianum 

— rubrum 

— South Orange 

— summitense 

— tollianum 

— victoria regina 

— virginale 

oculatum 

Not found in botanical literature, prob- 
ably the same as D. fimbriatum ocu- 
latum. 



ORCHID GENERA (DENDROBIUM), cont. 

oncidium 

Not found in botanical hterature. 

pchreatum ABL-Cy 

D. cambridgeanum 
pallens . D. melanodiscus pallens 
parishi 

paxtoni D. chrysanthum 

pendulum ABL-Cy . D. crassinode 

phalaenopsis 

— album 

— caerulescens 

— schroederae 

Probably the same as D. phalaenopsis 
schroederianum. 

— schroederianum 

— schroederianum albescens 

— schroederianum album Roehrs 

— schroederianum roehrsiana 

Very likely this is the more correct 
name of D. phalaenopsis schroederianum 
album Roehrs. 

pierardi 
' pitcherianum (rolfeae; nobile Xprim- 
ulimmi) 
platycaulon 
primulinum 

pulchellum ABL . D. dalhousieanum 
regium 

roeblingianum (nobile Xruckeri) 
rogersi 

Not found in botanical literature, prob- 
ably a garden hybrid. 

rolfeae D. pitcherianum 

rubens (Desdemona; Euryalus;ains- 

worthi Xnobile) 
— grandiflorum (Apollo grandi- 

florum) 
sanderae 
schneiderianum (findlayanumXau- 

reum) 
— grandiflorum 
schuetzei 
secundum 

Sibyl (bigibbumXlinawianum) 
speciosum 
splendidissimum 

D. ainsworthi splendidissimum 
— grandiflorum D. ains- 
worthi splendidissimum var. 
splendidissimum grandiflorum 

Thompsons D. ains- 
worthi splendidissimtmi var. 



326 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



ORCHID GENERA (DENDROBIUM), cont. 

statterianum 

Supposed nat. hyb. between D. bigib- 
bum and D. phalaenopsis. 

suavissimu77i 

D. chrysotoxum suavissimum 
superbiens (goldiei) 
superbum (macrophyllum of Lind- 

ley) 
— anosmum {macro'phyllum daya- 

num) 
— dearei 
— giganteum {macro'phyllum, gigan- 

teum) 
Thelma (wiganiae album X nohile 

virginale) 
thrysiflorum . . . D. thyrsiflorum 
thyrsiflorum (thrysiflorum) 

Botanically considered a variety of D. 
densiflorum. 

transparens 

veitchi {wardiano-japonicum; moni- 
liforryie Xivardianum) 
D. moniliforme is the older and more 
correct name of D. japonicum. 

velutinum 

Venus (falcojieriXnohile) 
virginale 

Not found in botanical literature, prob- 
ably the same as D. nobile virginale. 

wardiano-japonicum . D. veitchi 

wardianum 

— album 

— giganteum 

— lowi 

wiganiae (nobile Xsignatum) 

xanthocentrum . . . D. chlorostele 

DENDROCHILUM 
cobbianum (Platyclinis cobbiana 

Cy; P.gigantea) 
cucumerinum (Platyclinis cucum- 

erina Cy) 
filiforme (P. filiformis Cy) 
glumaceum (P. glumacea Cy) 
— superbum 

Of little standing as distinct. 

latifolium (Platyclinis latifolia Cy) 
DIACRIUM . EPIDENDRUM 

More correctly only a section of Epi- 
dendrum, though often maintained as a 
distinct genus. 



ORCHID GENERA (DIACRIUM), cont. 
bicornutum Cy 

Epidendrum bicornutum 
DISA 

luna (racemosa X veitchi) 

ELLEANTHUS 

longibracteatus 

EPICATTLEYA 

Also written Epi-Cattleya. Crosses 
between Epidendrum and Cattleya. 

gautemalensis 

Hyb. — not found in botanical literature. 

Mrs. Smith (E. aurantiacumXC . 



Nebo (Nibo; E. obrienianumX C. 

claesiana) 

Nibo Nebo 

orpeti (orpetiana; E. obrienianum 

XC.amethystoglossa) 
orpetiana E. orpeti 

EPIDENDRUM 
anceps 
aromaticum 

atropurpureum (macrochilum) 
atropurpureum randi . . E. randi 
aurantiacum (Cattleya aurantiaca) 
auritum ABL . . . E. palleaceum 
bicornutum (Diacrium bicornutum 

Cy) 
boothianum (erythronioides) 
boundi (burtoniXradicans) 
brassavolae 

burtoni (ybaguense X obrienianum) 
ciliare 

cinnabarinum 
cochleatum 

conspicuum E. roseum 

cooperianum 

coriaceum E. variegatum 

decipiens 

dellense (radicansXxanthinum) 

dichromum 

diurnum ABL E. virens 

elatius Cattleya guttata 

erythronioides . . , E. boothianum 
falcatum 

Probably the form grown is E. parkin- 
sonianum and not the true E. falcatum, 
which is smaller. 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. 7rAhc=synonyms or unapproved names. 



ORCHID GE>srERA 



327 



ORCHID GENERA (EPIDENDRUM), cont. 

fragrans 

gattonense (houndiXxanthinum) 

godseffianum . . . E. osmanthum 

inversum 

kewense (eveduniXxanthinum) 

lageri 

Not known, probably a garden hybrid. 

latilabrum 

More commonly known as E. latilabre, 
but the original speUing is latilabrum. 

lindleyanum ABL-Cy 

Barkeria lindleyana 
longifolium 

macrochilum . . E. atropurpureum 
nemorale 

obrieni E. obrienianum 

obrienianum (obrieni; evectum X 

radicans) 
odoratissimum 
oncidioides 

osmanthum (godsejffianum) 
palleaceum {auritum ABL) 
planilabris 

Not found in botanical literature. 

polybulbon (Dinema polybulbon) 
porphyreum 
prismatocarpum 
pristes 

radicans (rhizophorum) 
randi {atropurpureum randianum 
Cy; atropurpureum randi) 

rhizophorum E. radicans 

rigidum 

roseum (conspicuum) 

This may also apply to a variety of E. 
atropurpureum. 

skinned 
spectabile ABL-Cy 

Barkeria spectabilis 
stamfordianum 
— wallacei i 

stenopetalum 
variegatum (coriaceum) 
virens (diurnum ABL) 
virgatum 
vitellinum 
vitellinum majus 
wallisi 



ORCHID GENERA (EPIDENDRUM), cont. 

watsoni 

An unpublished species (that is, without 
a description). Known only in horti- 
culture. The printed form of the name 
is watsonianum. 

xanthinum 

The following cross has ap- 
peared in horticulture without a 
name. 

aurantincumXCatileya gigas. This is an 
Epicattleya. 

EPIPACTIS 

gigantea {Serapias gigantea ABL) 
pubescens ABL 

Goodyera pubescens 
tesselata ABL . . . . G. tesselata 
EPIPHRONITIS 

Crosses between Epidendrum and Soph- 
ronitis. 

veitchi (E. radicans X S. grandiflora) 

ERIA 
anchorifera 
' barbata 
bractescens 
convallarioides 

coronaria (Trichosma suavis Cy) 
densiflora 
excavata 
ferruginea 
gigantea 
lavata 

Not found in botanical literature, prob- 
ably an error for E. lanata. 

monostachys 
obesa 

ERIOPSIS 
nitidobulbon 

EUANTHE ABL 
sanderiana ABL Vanda sanderiana 

GALEANDRA 
devoniana 
lacustris 

GALEORCHIS . . . ORCHIS 

GOMESA 
planifolia 

GOMEZA GOMESA 

GONGORA 
charlesworthi 
galeata {Acropera loddigesi; Max- 

illaria galeata) 



^RiUh 



Small CAPiTAL8=approved common names. Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (t) see page 1. 



328 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



ORCHID GENERA (GONGORA), cont. 
maculata (quinquinervis ABL-Cy) 

GOODYERA 

Rattlesnake-plantain 
dawsoniana {dawsoni; Haemaria 
discolor dawsoniana ABL; H. 
dawsoniana Cy) Daw- 
son Rattlesnake-plantain 
decipiens {G. menziesi Cy; Peram- 
ium decipiens Ag; Epipactis 
decipiens ABL) West- 
ern Rattlesnake-plantain 

menziesi G. decipiens 

pubescens (Peramium pubescens Ag; 
Epipactis pubescens ABL) 
Downy Rattlesnake-p1.antain 

repens Creeping R. 

— ophioides {Peramium ophioides 

Ag) 
tesselata (P. tesselatum Ag; Epi- 
pactis tesselata ABL) . . Check- 
ered Rattlesnake-plantain 

GRAMMANGIS ABL 

GRAMMATOPHYLLUM 

ellisi ABL G. ellisi 

GRAMMATOPHYLLUM 

ellisi (Grammangis ellisi ABL) 

HABENARIA 

blephariglottis {Blephariglottis ble- 
pliariglottis) 

White Fringe-orchid 
bracteata {Coeloglossum bracteatum) 
Satyr Orchid 
ciliaris {Blephariglottis ciliaris) 

Yellow Fringe-orchid 
dilatata {Limnorchis dilatata) 

White Bog-orchid 
fimbriata 

Large Purple Fringe-orchid 

hookeri {H. hookeriana Cy; Lysias 

hookeriana) . . Hooker Orchid 

hookeriana Cy . . . . H. hookeri 

hyperborea {Limnorchis hyperbo- 

rea) . Northern Green Orchid 

obtusata {Lysiella obtusata) 

psycodes {Blephariglottis psycodes) 

Small Purple Fringe-orchid 

HAEMARIA ABL GOODYERA 

discolor dawsoniana ABL 

G. dawsoniana 



ORCHID GENERA, continued 

HARTWEGIA 

purpurea 

HOXJLLETL/^ 
brocklehurstiana 
odoratissima 
— antioquiensis 

HUNTLEYA Cy 

ZYGOPETALUM 
burti Cy Z. burti 

IBIDIUM Ag . SPIRANTHES 

LAELIA Laelia 

The name of this genus under the 
American rules is Amalia. 

acuminata L. rubescens 

albida 

anceps 

— alba 

— alba Bulls 

— amesiae 

Probably the same as L. anceps amesiana. 

— amesiana 
— blanda 
— Bulls 

This is very likely the same as L. anceps 
alba Bulls. 

— dawsoni 
— grandiflora 
— hilli 

Probably the same as L. anceps hilliana. 

— hilliana 

— hilliana rosefieldensis 

— holidayana 

Not found in botanical literature, prob- 
ably a garden variety. 

— lageriana 
— leeana 
— percivaliana 
— protheroiana 
— rosea 
— sanderiana 
— schroederae 
— schroederi 

Probably the same as either L. anceps 
schroederae or L. anceps schroederiana. 

— schroederiana 

— Stella 

— Stella vestalis 

— veitchiana 

— williamsi 

— winniana 

amoldiana [of Manda] 

It is impossible to say whether this and 
the next are the same. 



ORCHID GENERA 



329 



ORCHID GENERA (LAELIA), continued 
arnoldiana 

Laeliocattleya callistoglossa 
autumnalis 
— alba 
— atrorubens 

bella .... Laeliocattleya bella 
boothiana {Cattleya lobata) 
cinnabarina 

cinnabaerosa . . . . L. ciimabrosa 
cinnabrosa (cinnabaerosa; cinna- 
barina Xtenebrosa) 
crispa (Cattleya crispa) 
— superba 
crispilabia (Laelia cinnabarina cris- 

pilabia Cy) 
dayana . . . . L. pumila dayana 
digbyana Cy . Brassavola digbyana 
elegans . . Laeliocattleya elegans 

This species has been a source of much 
confusion, having been treated as a 
vahd species of Laelia, but apparently 
it is a cross between Cattleya leopoldi 
and Laelia purpurata. 

— schilleriana 

Laeliocattleya schilleriana 
flava 

glauca Cy . . . Brassavola glauca 
gouldiana 

grandis tenebrosa Cy . L. tenebrosa 
harpophylla 
jongheana 

latona (ciniiabarinaX purpurata) 
lindleyana (Cattleya lindleyana) 
majalis (speciosa ABL) 
— alba 
monophylla 

Nora (cinnabarina Xxanthina) 
Olivia (crispa Xxanthina) 
pattini 

Not found in botanical literature, prob- 
ably a garden hybrid. 

perrini 

praestans . . . . L. pumila major 
pumila 

— dayana Cy (dayana) 
— major (praestans; pumila praes- 
tans Cy) 
purpurata 
— russelliana 
— schroederae 

L. purpurata schroederi 
— schroederi (purpurata schroederae) 



ORCHID GENERA (LAELIA), continued 

purpurata williamsi 

ragotiana (cinnabarina X grandis) 

rubescens (acuminata) 

speciosa L. majalis 

superbiens 

tenebrosa (grandis tenebrosa Cy) 

Whether this is a true species or a vari- 
ety of L. grandis is open to question. 
We have followed R. A. Rolfe who con- 
siders it a distinct species. 

— grandis 

Not found, possibly L. grandis. 

— Walton Grange 

The following crosses have ap- 
peared in horticulture without 
names : 

cinnabarina Xxathina Nora 

perrini X Cattleya aurea 

Laeliocattleya decia 

pumila X purpurata 

pumila dayana Xanceps stella 

purpurata X Laeliocattleya balli {G. S. 

Ball). This is a Laeliocattleya. 
tenebrosa X. Laeliocattleya canhamiana 

Laeliocattleya Kathleen 

LAELIOCATTLEYA 

Also written Laelia-Cattleya and Laelio- 
Cattleya. Crosses between Laelia and 
Cattleya or between one of these genera 
and a Laeliocattleya or between two 
Laeliocattleyas. In references below the 
abbreviation L. is used for Laelia, Lc. 
for Laehocattleya. 

Agnes (Lc. callistoglossa X Lc. schil- 
leriana) 

Alebar (L. ingramiXC , superba) 

Alex (C. dowiana X Lc. Tunis) 

Alphand (C. Fabia X Lc. callisto- 
glossa) 

Antigone (L. purpurataXC. schil- 
leriana) 

Antimachus (C. gigas X Lc. domin- 
iana) 

Aphrodite (Lc. eudora; C. men- 
deli X L. purpurata) 

Ariel (C. aurea X Lc. cowani) 

armstrongiae (C. Iris X Lc. G. 
Woodhouse) 

arnoldiana . . . Lc. callistoglossa 

astoriae (I^c. Hon. Mrs. Asior; C. 
gaskelliana X L. xanthina) 

Atalanta (Lc. Clonia ABL; C. 
gigas X Lc. elegans) 

Australia (L. tenebrosa X Lc. lu- 
minosa) 



330 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



ORCHID GENERA (LAELIOCATTLEYA), 

continued 

baden-powelli (Lc.Cew. Baden Pow- 
ell; C. ImvrericeanaXL. tenebrosa) 

balli {Lc. G. S. Ball; C. schroeder- 
iana X L. cinnabarina) 

Bedouin (L. purpiirata X Lc. hyeana) 

bella (L. hella; C. labiata X L. pur- 
purata) 

— alba (C. labiata albaXL. pur- 
purata) 

Berthe Fournier . . Lc. foumierae 

Black Prince (C. hardyanaXLc. 
bletchleyensis) 

bletchleyensis (L. tenebrosa X C. 
gigas sanderiana) 

bola (C. labiata X Lc. callistoglossa) 

boylei {Lc. Frederick Boyle; C. iri- 
anaeXL. anceps) 

— kerchoviae {Lc. Frederick Boyle 
kerchoviae) 

britannia {C. gigasXLc. canham- 
iana) 

— alba (C. gigas alba X Lc. can- 
hamiana alba) 

Bryan (C gaskelliana X L. crispa) 

callistoglossa {Lc, arnoldiana; C. 
gigas X L. purpurata) 

canhamiana {Lc. Lady Wigan; C. 
mossiae X L. purpurata) 

— alba (C. mossiae albaXL. pur- 
purata) 

— rex (G. mossiae wagneri X L. pur- 
purata) 

Carmencita (C. doiviana X Lc. lu- 
minosa) 

Celia {C. superbaXL. purpurata) 

C. G. RoEBLiNG . . Lc. roeblingi 

charlesworthi (C dowianaXL. cin- 
nabarina) 

choletiana (C. mossiae X L. super- 
biens) 

Clive {C. dovnanaXL. pumila) 

Clonia ABL Atalanta 

colmaniana {C. doiviana X Lc. cal- 
listoglossa) 

CoRONis (C labiata^ X L. cinna- 
barina) 

cowani (C. mossiae X L. cinnabrosa) 

cranstounae (C. harrisoniana X L. 
tenebrosa) 



ORCHID GENERA (LAELIOCATTLEYA), 

continued 

decia (C. aureaXL. perrini) 
DoMAS {C. mossiae X Lc. domin- 

iana) 
dominiana (C. dowiana X L. pur- 
purata) 
Dr. R. Schiffman . . Lc. schiffmani 

ducaniana Lc. duncani 

duncani {Lc. duncaniana; C. har- 
dyanaXLc. gottoiana) 
edwardi (C. hardyana X L. cinna- 
barina) 
elegans (L. elegans; C. leopoldi X 

L. purpurata) 
Elsie (C. trianaeXL. cinnabarina) 

Endymion Eva 

Epicasta (C. gigasXL. pumila) 

eudora Aphrodite 

Eva {Lc. Endymion; Lc. orpetiana; 

C. gaskelliana XL. tenebrosa) 
eximia (C warneri X L. purpurata) 
— gigantea magnifica 
exoniensis (C. mossiaeXL. crispa) 

F.\BIA 

Hyb., — probably the same as Cattleya 
Fabia. 

Fascinator (C schroederiana X L. 

purpurata) 
— magnificum 

Felicity (C mendeliXL. crispa) 
foumierae {Lc. Berthe Fournier; 

C. dou^ana X Lc. elegans) 
Frederick Boyle . . . . Lc. boylei 
Frederick Boyle kerchoviae 

Lc. boylei kerchoviae 
G. C. Whitelegge . . Lc. whiteleggei 
Gen. Baden Powell 

Lc. baden-powelli 
General French . Lc. wamhamensis 
Golden Oriole (C dowianaXLc. 

charlesworthi) 
— alba 
gottoiana 

Nat. hyb. between C. warneri and L. 
tenebrosa. 

greenwoodi {C. hardyana X Lc. 
schilleriana) 

G. S. Ball Lc. balli 

haroldiana (C. hardyanaXL. tene- 
brosa) 



BOLD-face^approved scientific names. I T Alic=synonyms or unapproved names. 



ORCHID GENERA 



331 



ORCHID GENERA (LAELIOCATTLEYA), 

continued 

Hector (C. dowiana X Lc. mar- 

tineti) 
Herga (C gaskelliana X Lc. elegans) 
herscentiae (C. dowiana X Lc. 

boothiana) 
highburiensis (C. lawrenceanaXL. 

cinnabarina) 
Hon. Mrs. Asior . . . Lc. astoriae 
hyeana (C. lawrenceana hyeanaX 

L. purpurata) 
Isabel Sander (C. mossiae X Lc. 

conhamiana) 
Josephine (Lc. niassiliensis ABL; 

C. trianaeXL. crispa) 
Kathleen {Lc. Kathleen Grey; Lc. 
Kathline; L. tenebrosa X Lc. 
canhamiana) 
labiosa (C. labiata X Lc. luminosa) 
Lady Rothschild . Lc. rothschildiae 
Lady Wigan . . . Lc. canhamiana 
Linda (C. aureaXLc. Arachne) 
lucasiana (C. labiata X L. tenebrosa) ' 
Lucia (C. mendeliXL. cinnabarina) 
— superba 

luminosa . . . . Lc. truffautiana 
Luster Lustre 

LIlSlTQj TjITSTRF" 

Lustre {Lc. Luster; Lc. lustra; C. 
lueddemanniana {speciosissima) X 
Lc. callistoglossa) 
Mabel (C. trianae X L. tenebrosa) 
Mme. Brasseur-Hye {C. gigasX 

Lc. Aphrodite {eudora) ) 
martinet! {C. mossiae reineckiana 

XL. tenebrosa) 
mauretania {Lc. canhamiana X Lc. 

martineti) 
Memnon (C. mendeliXLc. elegans) 
Mercia ((?. schroederianaXL. [pu- 

?nila] dayana) 
Moonbeam (C. schroederianaXLc. 

balli (G. S. Ball) ) 
Mrs. Temple {C. mossiae X Lc. 

greenwoodi { Henry Greenwood) ) 
Mygdon (C. trianae X Lc. truf- 

fautiae {luminosa) ) 
Myra (C. trianae X L. flava) 
— alba 
nysa (Lc. nyssa; C. gigas X Lc. crispa) 



ORCHID GENERA (LAELIOCATTLEYA). 

continued 

nyssa Lc. nysa 

Ophir {C. dowianaXL. xanthina) 

orpetiana Eva 

pacavia 

Not known, probably a garden hybrid. 

Pallas (C aurea X L. crispa) 

Phoebe {Lc. Hippolyta ABL; C. 
mossiae X L. cinnabarina) 

Priam {C. harrisonianaXLc. cal- 
listoglossa) 

Purple Emperor (C. gigas X Lc. 
callistoglossa) 

Queen of Sheba 

Not known, probably a garden hybrid. 

roeblingi {Lc. C. G. Roebling; Lc. 
violetta; C. gaskelliana XL. pur- 
purata) 
rothschildiae {Lc. Lady Rothschild; 

C. gigas XL. perrini) 
schiffmani {Lc. Dr. R. Schiffman; 

C. mendeli X Lc. callistoglossa) 
schilleriana (L. elegans schiller- 
iana; C. intermedia X L. pur- 
purata) 
Soulange {C. dowiana X Lc. Lustre) 
Tarquinias (C. schilleriana XLc. 

callistoglossa) 
thurgoodiana {C. hardyana X Lc. 

martineti) 
trufifautiana {Lc. luminosa; C. dow- 
iana X L. tenebrosa) 

violetta Lc. roeblingi 

wamhamensis {Lc. General French; 

C. trianae X L. cinnabarina) 
wellsiana {Lc. willsiana Cy; C. 

trianae X L. purpurata) 
whiteleggei {Lc. G. C. Whitelegge; 

C. hardyanaXLc. callistogloisa) 
ZiXA {C. mendeli X Lc. bella) 

The following crosses have ap- 
peared in horticulture without 
names : 

Lc. Aphrodite (eudora) XC. gigas 

Mme. Brasseur-Hye 
L. cinnabarina XC. schroederiana 

Lc. balli 
Lc. martiiieti XC . labiata 
C. mossiae rousseliana X L. tenebrosa. 
A close ally of, if not the same as Lc 
martineti. 
Lc. schilleriana XLc. callistoglossa Agni 



Small CAPiTALs=approved common names. Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (f) see page 1. 



332 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



ORCHID GENERA, continued 

LEPTOTES 
bicolor (Tetramicra hicolor) 

LIMNORCHIS . HABENARIA 

LI MO DO RUM Ag 

CALOPOGON 

LIPARIS TWAYBLADE 

liliifolia Lily T. 

loeseli Loesel T. 

longipes 

LISTERA 
cordata 

LOCKHARTIA 

elegans 
gigantea 

Not found, probably a garden variety. 

LYCASTE 
aromatica 
Candida 
costata 
cruenta 
deppei 

Named for Deppe, but originally (under 
Maxillaria) spelled deppii. 

fulvescens 

harrisoniae . Bifrenaria harrisoniae 

hybrida {deppeiX skinner i) 

lanipes 

lasioglossa 

plana 

skinneri 

— alba 

— grandiflora 

tricolor 

tyrianthina . Bifrenaria tyrianthina 
LYSIAS .... HABENARIA 
LYSIELLA . . HABENARIA 

MACRADENIA 

brassavolae 

MASDEVALLIA 

bella 

chimaera 

coccinea 

— harryana ABL-Cy . M. harryana 

coriacea 

estradae 

harryana (Masdevallia coccinea har- 
ryana ABL-Cy) 



ORCfflD GENERA (MASDEVALLIA), cont. 
harryana lutea 
houtteana (benedicti) 
ignea {militaris ABL-Cy) 
macrura 

militaris ABL-Cy . . . . M. ignea 
reichenbachiana 
schlimi 
tovarensis 

veitchi M. veitchiana 

veitchiana (veitchi) 

MAXILLARIA 
angustifolia . . . . M. variabilis 
densa .... Omithidium densum 
galeata Gongora galeata 

There is also a valid M. galeata which is 
probably not in horticulture. 

grandiflora 
henchmanni . . 
houtteana 
hyacinthina 

Xylobium hyacinthinum 
incamata 

Not found, perhaps a garden variety; 
according to Bailey's Cyclopedia a trade 
name only. 

luteoalba 

— turneri ABL . 



M. variabilis 



M. turneri 



mgrescens 
picta 

porphyrostella . . M. porphyrostele 
porphyrostele (porphyrostella) 
pulsella 

Not found, e\'idently a misspelling, 
possibly for pusilla. 

rubescens 

Not found, probably intended for 
rufescens. 

sanderiana 

setigera 

tenuifolia 

turneri {luteoalba turneri ABL) 

variabilis (angustifolia; henchmanni) 

venusta 

MEGACLINIUM (Bulbophyllum 

ABL) 

This genus is recognized by some 
authorities and by others is reduced to 
Bulbophyllum. 

falcatum (Bulbophyllum falcatum 
ABL) 



ORCHID GENERA 



333 



ORCHID GENERA, continued 

MILTONIA . . Pansy-orchid 

Ajax Miltonioda Ajax 

bleuana (Miltoniopsis bleui; Mil- 

tonia vexillariaXroezli) 
— charlesworthi 

Presumably the same as M. charles- 
worthi. 

— grandiflora 
— hyeana 

Presumably the same as M. hyeana. 

— magnifica 

— nobilior 

— Queen Alexandra 

— rosea 

— St. Andre 

Presumably the same as M. St. Andre. 

blunti 

Supposed nat. hyb. between M. clowesi 
and M. spectabilis. 

— lubbersiana 

Candida 

charlesworthi 

clowesi 

cuneata 

flavescens 

hyeana (bleuana Xvexillaria) 

lambeauana 

Not found, probably a garden hybrid or 
a form of M. vexillaria. 

moreliana . M. spectabilis moreliana 

phalaenopsis 

— alba 

regnelli 

roezli 

— alba 

St. Andre (bleuana Xroezli) 

schroederae 

Not found, probably the same as M. 
schroederiana. 

schroederiana 

spectabilis 

— moreliana (moreliana) 

uexillaria M. vexillaria 

Typographical error. 

vexillaria (uexillaria) 

— Empress Augusta Victoria 

— gigantea 

— H. H. HUNNEWELL 

— lambeauiana 
— leopoldi 
— leucoglossa 
— magnifica 



ORCHID GENERA (MILTONIA), continued 

vexillaria Memoria G. D. Owen 
— rosea 

warscewiczi (Oncidium fuscatum) 
MILTONIODA 

Crosses between Cochhoda and Miltonia. 

Ajax (Miltonia Ajax; Miltonia 
schroederiana X C. noezliana) 
MILTONIOPSIS . MILTONIA 

bleui Miltonia bleuana 

MORMODES 

buccinator 
— citrinum 

MYSTACIDIUM 
distichum (Angraecum distichum) 
NANODES 

More properly included in Epidendrum. 

medusae (Epidendrum medmae 
ABL) 

NEO-BENTHAMIA 
gracilis 

OCTOMERIA 
diaphana 

ODONTIODA 

Crosses between Cochlioda and Odonto- 
glossum. 

Adrastia (Odontioda bohnhoffixieX 

Odontoglossum crispum) 
boltoni (C. noezliana X Odonto- 
glossum vuylstekeae) 
bradshawiae (C. noezliana XOdon- 

toglossum crispum) 
— Gatton Park 
brewi (Odontioda charlesworthi X 

Odontoglossum harryanum) 
charlesworthi (C. noezliana XOdon- 

toglossum harryanum) 
Cleopatra (C. noezliana X 0. lai- 

ressei) 
cooksoniae (C. noezliana X 0. ar- 

mainvillierense (ardentissimum) ) 
Diana (C. noezlianaXO. amabile) 
Don (C. noezlianaXO. Othello) 
goodsoniae 

Hyb. — parents not known. 
Joan (Odontioda charlesworthi X 
Odontoglossum armainvillierense 
(ardentissimum) ) 



334 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



ORCHID GENERA (ODONTIODA), cont. 
keighleyensis (C. noezlianaXOdon- 

toglossum cirrhosum) 
Lady Colman (C. noezliana X 0. 

Queen of Sheba) 
lambeauiana (C. noezliana XOdon- 

toglossum lambeauianum) 
luditia 

Not found, possibly the same as Odon- 
tioda Lutetia. 

LuTETiA (C noezliana X Odonto- 

glossum luteopurpureum) 
Madeline {Odontioda charles- 

worthiXOdontoglossum crispum) 
Patricia (Odontioda charlesworthi X 

Odontoglossum Phoebe) 
Red Cross {Odontioda cooksoniae 

X Odontoglossum armainvillier- 

ense (ardentissimum) ) 
Royal Gem (Odontioda vuylstekeae 

X Odontoglossum armainvillier- 

ense (ardentissimum) ) 
sanderae (C. noezliana X Odonto- 
glossum percultum) 
thwaitesi (thwaitesse; C. vulcanica 

XO. harryanum) 

thwaitesse O. thwaitesi 

vuylstekeae (C. noezliana XO. pes- 

catorei) 
Zephyr (C. noezlianaXO. wilckea- 

num) 

ODONTOGLOSSUM 

Admiral (pescatorei X Beaute Coe- 

leste (eximum) ) 
aireworthi (crispum X lamheau- 

ianum) 
album 

Not found, probably a white form of 
either O. bictoniense or O. citrosmum. 

aliciae (edwardiXspectabile) 
altum (armainvillierense X halli) 
amabile (spedabileX crispum) 
amandum (denisonae X pescatorei) 
amoenum (concinnum; pescatorei X 

sceptrum) 
andersonianum 

O. crispum andersonianum 
ardentissimum Cy 

O. armainvillierense 



ORCHID GENERA (ODONTOGLOSSUM), 

continued 

armainvillierense (ardentissimum; 
crispum X pescatorei) 

— xanthotis 

ashworthianum (edwardi X ossul- 
toni) 

Beaute-Coeleste (eximea; exim- 
ium; arnianivillierense X crisp- 
um) 

bictoniense 

caulstoni (crispum (alexandrae) X 
harryanum) 

cervantesi 

charlesworthi (harryano-triumph- 
ans ; harryanum X triumphans) 

cirrhosum 

citrosmum (pendulum ABL) 

— album 

— roseum 

clayti 

Not found, probably a garden hybrid. 

Clytie (edwardi X pescatorei) 

cordatum 

crawshayanum (halli X harryanum) 

crispodnei (crispum Xcoradieni) 

crispo-harryanum . .0. spectabile 

crispum (alexandrae) 

— andersonianum (andersonianum) 

— E. B. Dane 

— xanthodes 

denisonae (wilckeanum; crispumX 

luteopurpureum) 
Dora (lambeauianum X pescatorei 

Duchess of West7ninster) 
Doris (crispum X ossultoni) 
edwardi 

edioardianum . .0. edwardinum 
edwardinum (edwardianum; edwardi 

X eximium) 
elegans (cirrhosum X halli) 
excellens (pescatorei Xtriujuphans) 
eximea . . . Beaute-Coeleste 
eximum . . . Beaute-Coeleste 
Fascinator (crispumXadrianae) 
fletcherianum (edwardiXcirrhosum) 
Gladys (cirrhosum X spectabile) 
grande 

Commonly known in horticulture as 
Baby Orchid, a name which seems so in- 
appropriate that it has been rejected. 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. ITAlic^synonyms or unapproved names. 



ORCHID GENERA 



335 



ORCHID GENERA (ODONTOGLOSSUM), 

continued 

halli 

harry ano-triumphans 

O. charlesworthi 
harryanum 
harvengtense (loochristiense ; cris- 

purn X triumphans) 
hastilabium 

hellemense (harvengtense Xcrispum) 
hibernicum (halli X hastilabium) 
holmesi (spectabileXadrianae) 
hunnewellianum 
hyeanum (Souvenir de Victor Hye 

de Crom; harryanum Xluteopur- 

pureum) 
illustrissimum (lamheauianum X 

armainvillierense ( arden tissimum) 
insleayi 

IsiDORus (cirrhosumXRio Tinlo) 
Ja-ponais ABL . O. lambeauianum 
Jasper (crispum victoria regina X 

amahile) 
laeve 
lambeauianum (Japonais ABL; 

rolfeae X crispum) 
lobbi (lobbiae; amabileXpescatorei) 

lobbiae O. lobbi 

loochristiense . . O. harvengtense 

luteopurpureum 

— sceptrum (sceptrum ABL) 

maculatum 

maritana (rolfeae X sccptrmn) 

mirificum (crispum X sceptrum) 

nebulosum 

nitidum (spectabile X denisonae 

(wilckea.num) ) 
nobile ABL-Cy . . . O. pescatorei 
oberthuri (adrianaeXharbengtense) 

ossidstonei O. ossultoni 

ossultoni (ossulstonei; pescatorei X 

spectabile) 
Othello (adrianae X harryanum) 
pendulum ABL . . . O. citrosmum 
pescatorei {nobile ABL-Cy) 
Philomene (rolfeae X percultum) 
Phoebe (cirrhosum Xcrispum) 
pulchellum 



ORCHID GENERA (ODONTOGLOSSUM), 

continued 

reichenheimi 

By some this is considered to be 
variety of O. laeve. 

rolfeae (harryanum X pescatorei) 

rossi 

— ma jus 

ruckerianum 

By some considered to be a variety of 
O. crispum. 

schlieperianum (schlipperianum) 
— album 

schlipperianum . O. schlieperianum 
Solon (adrianae Xarmainvillierense 

(ardentissimum) ) 
SoRAMis (Phoebe Xcrispum) 
Souvenir de Victor Hye de Crom 

O. hyeanum 
spectabile (crispo-harryanum ; cris- 

pu7n X harryanum) 
thompsoni 

Not found, probably the same as O. 
thompsonianum. 

thompsonianum (crispum Xedwardi) 
tigrinum (Fascinator X harryanum) 

Not to be confused with O. tigrinum of 
Lindley (probably not in cultivation), 
which is Oncidium tigrinum. 

triumphans 

triumphosum (triumphans X cir- 
rhosum) 
uro-skinneri 

Venilia (cirrhosum X pescatorei) 
vuylstekei (denisonae Xtriumphans) 

Not to be confused with Odontoglossum 
vuylstekeae which is the result of a 
different cross, O. spectabile X O. vuyl- 
stekei. 

warnhamense (halli X pescatorei) 
wilckeanum . . . , O. denisonae 
williamsianum 

Nat. hyb. between O. grande and O. 
schHeperianum. 

The following cross has ap- 
peared in horticulture without a 
name: 

cirrhosum Xcrispum Phoebe 

ODONTONIA 

Crosses between Miltonia and Odonto- 
glossum. 

lairesseae (M. warsceivicziXO. cris- 
pum) 



Small CAPiTALS=approved common names. Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (f) see page 1. 



336 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



O. excavatum 



ORCHID GENERA, continued 

ONCIDIODA 

Crosses between Oncidium and Coch- 
lioda. 

charlesworthi (0. incurvwn X C. 
noezliana) 

ONCIDIUM 
altissimum 

Some of the material in cultivation may 
be O. baueri of which O. altissimum 
of Lindley, not of Swartz, is a synonym. 

ampliatum 
— majus 
anthocrene 

aurosurn . . . 
barbatum 
bicallosum 

caloglossum (Oncidium pectorale 
caloglossum ABL) 

Supposed by some to be a nat. hyb. be- 
tween O. forbesi and O. marshallianum. 

marshallianum 

carthaginense 

cavendishianum 

cebolleta 

concolor 

cornigemin 

crispum 

curtum 

divaricatum 

excavatum (aurosurn) 

flexuosum 

forbesi 

Juscatum . . Miltonia warscewiczi 

gardneri 

graminifolitim 

— wrayi 

guttatum ABL . . . . O. luridum 

harrisonianum 

hastatmn 

incurvum 

jonesianum 

kramerianum 

lanceanum 

leucochilum 

longipes 

luridum (guttatum ABL) 

macranthum 

marshallianum 

microchilimi 

oblongatum 



ORCHID GENERA (ONCIDIUM), cont. 
omithorhynchum 

— albiflorum (omithorhynchum al- 
bum 
— album 

O. omithorhynchum albiflorum 
— roseum 

papilio .... Butterfly Orchid 
— majus 
■pectorale caloglossum ABL 

O. caloglossum 
phymatochilum 
pubes 
pulchellum 
pulvinatum 
reichenheimi 

Not found, presumably an error and 
Odontoglossum not Oncidium was in- 
tended. 

rogersi . . . O. varicosum rogersi 

sarcodes 

sphacelatum 

— banrei 

splendidimi (tigrinum splendidum 

ABL) 
thymatochilum 

Not found, probably an error for phy- 
matochilum. 

tigrinum 

— splendidum ABL O. splendidum 

— unguiculatum (unguiculatum) 

unguiculatum 

O. tigrinum unguiculatum 
uniflorum 
varicosum 
— rogersi (rogersi) 
wentworthianum 

ORCHIS Orchis 

rotundifolia . Small RoundleafO. 
spectabilis (Galeorchis spectabilis 

Cy) Showy Orchis 

ORNITHIDIUM 

densimi (Maxillaria densa) 
fragrans 

ORNITHOCHILUS 
fuscus 

PAPHIOPEDILUM Cy 

CYPRIPEDIUM 

PERAMIUM Ag.GOODYERA 



ORCHID GENERA 



337 



ORCHID GENERA, continued 

PERISTERIA 
elata . . . Holy-ghost-flower 

PESCATOREA 

ZYGOPETALUM 

Also written Pescatoria, as in Bailey's 
Cyclopedia. 

aurea 

Not found, probably some garden form 
of Zygopetalum. 

cerina Cy . Zygopetalum cerinum 
dabochorum . . . Z. klabochorum 

dayana Cy Z. dayanum 

dayana rhodacra Cy Zy- 
gopetalum dayanum rhodacrum 
klabochorum Cy . . Z. klabochorum 

PHAIUS PHAJUS 

PHAJUS 

The original spelling of the name and 
the form now commonly accepted in 
scientific works is Phajus; the change is 
so shght that it has been deemed best 
to adopt the more correct spelling. ABL. 

cooksonae (grandifoliusXhiimbolti) 
cooksoni (Norman; sinmlansXwal- 

lichi) 
grandifolius 

incarvillei ABL ... P. wallichi 
maculatus 
marthae (blumei X simulans) 

Norman P. cooksoni 

sanderianus 

Not certain, but probably the same as 
P. sanderi. 

wallichi {incarvillei ABL) 

PHALAENOPSIS Moth-orchid 
amabilis (grandiflora) 
— rimestadtiana (rimestadtiana) 
Aphrodite (Phalaenopsis amabilis 

Aphrodite ABL) 
Cynthia 

Supposed nat. hyb. between P. schil- 
leriana and P. amabilis. 

equestris ABL P. rosea 

Esmeralda 

grandiflora P. amabilis 

grandifolia 

Not found, probably an error for grandi- 
flora. 



ORCHID GENERA (PHALAENOPSIS), con. 
leucorrhoda (Phalaenopsis Aphro- 
dite leucorrhoda Cy) 

Claimed by some to be a nat. hyb. 
between P. schilleriana and P. amabilis, 
by others, including Rolfe, a hyb. lae- 
tween P. Aphrodite and P. schilleriana, 
and by still others, to be a variety of P. 
Aphrodite, which in turn we feel is a 
variety of P. amabilis, a treatment re- 
ducing this to a sub-variety of that 
species. ABL. 

lueddemanniana 
— ochracea 
rimestadtiana 

P. amabilis rimestadtiana 

A geographical form of P. amabihs. 

rosea (equestris ABL) 
sanderiana (P. Aphrodite sander- 
iana Cy) 

Considered by some to be a nat. hyb., 
by others a variety of P. Aphrodite 
which we believe to be a variety of P. 
amabilis and this a sub-variety of that 
species. ABL. 

schilleriana 

stuartiana 

violacea 

PHOLIDOTA 
auriculata 

Not found, possibly an error for P. 
articulata. 

conchoidea P. imbricata 

imbricata (conchoidea) 
monostachys 

Not found. 

variegata 

Not found, probably some garden va- 
riety. 

PHRAGMOPEDILUM Cy 

CYPRIPEDIUM 
. PHYSOSIPHON 
loddigesi (tubatus ABL) 

PILUMNA . . TRICHOPILIA 

fragrans T. fragrans 

— nobilis . . . . T. fragrans var. 

PLATYCLINISCy 

DENDROCHILUM 

autumnalis gigantea . D.cobbianum 
cobbiana Cy . . . . D. cobbianum 
cucumerina Cy . D. cucumerinum 
filijormis Cy .... D. filiforme 
glumacea Cy . . . D. glumaceum 
latifolia Cy . . . . D. latifolium 



338 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



ORCHID GENERA, continued 

PLEIONE 

Often considered only a section of 
Coelogyne. 

birmanica 

lagenaria 

maculata 

praecox wallichiana ABL 

P. wallichiana 

wallichiana (Pleione praecox wal- 
lichiana ABL) 
PLEUROTHALLIS 

gelida 

roezli 

tridentata 

velaticaulis 

POGONIA PoGONiA 

ophioglossoides .... Rose P. 

POLYSTACHYA 
bractescens 

Not found, probably an error for P. 
bracteosa. 

cerea 
lutescens 

Not found, probably an error for P. 
luteola. 

nifinula 

PROMENAEA 

Often considered only a section of 
Zygopetalum. 

citrina (P. xanthina ABL-Cy; Zij- 
gopetaluni xanthinum) 

RENANTHERA 
coccinea 
imschootiana 
— alba 

lowei Cy . . . Arachnanthe lowei 
storiei 

RHYNCHOSTYLIS 
retusa {Saccolabium retusum; S. 

hlumei) 
— guttata {S. guttatum) 
violacea (S. violaceum; Anota vio- 

lacea ABL) 

RODRIGUEZIA ABL 

BURLINGTONIA 

SACCOLABIUM 
bellinum 
hlumei . . . Rhynchostylis retusa 



ORCHID GENERA- (SACCOLABIUM), con. 
giganteum . . . Vanda densiflora 
guttatum 

Rhynchostylis retusa guttata 
illustre 

Probably Vanda densiflora illustris. 

retusum . . . Rhynchostylis retusa 
violaceum R. violacea 

SARCANTHUS 
williamsoni 

SARCOCHILUS 
calceolus 

purpureus . . Camarotis purpurea 
unguiculatus {pallidus ABL) 

SARCOGLOTTIS ABL 

SPIRANTHES 
picta ABL S. picta 

SCHOMBURGHIA 

SCHOMBURGKIA 

SCHOMBURGKIA 
crispa 
lyonsi 

tibicinis (tihicina) 
undulata 

SCUTICARIA 
hadweni 
steeli 

SELENIPEDIUM 

The plants cultivated under this name 
belong to Paphiopedilum and are listed 
under Cypripedium. The true Seleni- 
pedium of botanists is, as far as known, 
not in cultivation. 

hrowni . Cypripedium ainsworthi 

Brysa C. Brysa 

cardinale C.cardinale 

caudatum C. caudatum 

grande C. grande 

helenae C. schroederae 

roezli . . C. longifolium hartwegi 
sedeni C. sedeni 

SERRASTYLIS 
modesta (Macradenia ABL) 

SIGMATOSTALIX 
radicans 

SOBRALIA 
amesiana {ivilsoniXxantholeuca) 
leucoxantha 



BOLD-face^approved scientific names. I T Alic=synonyms or unapproved names. 



ORCHID GENERA 



339 



ORCHID GENERA (SOBRALIA), continued 

macrantha 

— alba (macrantha kienastiana Cy) 

virginal! s 

wilsoniana 

Not found, probably the same as wilsoni. 

xantholeuca 

SOPHROCATLAELIA 

Also written Sophro-Catlealia. Crosses 
between Sophronitis, Cattleya, and 
Laelia. 

danae (Sophrolaelia laetaXC. har- 

risoniana) 
Medeia (Sophrolaelia orpeti X C. 
bicolor) 

SOPHROCATTLEYA 

Also written Sophro-Cattleya. Crosses 
between Sophronitis and Cattleya. 

Doris (Sophronitis grandifloraXC. 

dowiana) 
Psyche 

Hyb. not found, probably Sophrolaelia 
Psyche. 

SOPHROLAELIA 

Also written Sophro-Laelia. Crosses 
between Sophronitis and Laelia. 

Phrosa Phroso 

Phroso (Sophrolaelia Phrosa; So- 
phrolaelia laeta X L. jongheana) 

SOPHRONITIS 
cemua 

coccinea S. grandiflora 

grandiflora (coccinea) 

SPATHOGLOTTIS 

aureo-vieillardi Cy . . S. veitchi 

plicata 

nibro-vieillardi 

Not found, probably some garden 
variety. 

veitchi (aureo-vieillardi Cy; aurea 
Xvieillardi) 

SPIRANTHES . Ladies-tresses 
brevifolia (longilabris ABL) 

Short-leaf L. 
cernua (Ihidium cernuum Ag) 

Nodding L. 
gracilis (/. gracile Ag). Slender L. 
picta (Sarcoglottis picta ABL) 

Painted L 



ORCHID GENERA, continued 

STANHOPEA 
amesiana (lowi ABL-Cy) 
bucephalus 
devoniensis 
ebumea 
grandiflora 

This name cannot be placed with cer- 
tainty. S. grandiflora, of Lindley, is 
the same as S. eburnea while S. grandi- 
flora of the younger Reichenbach 
equals S. bucephalus, both of which are 
in cultivation. 

insignis 
langleyensis 

Not found, probably a garden form. 

lowi ABL-Cy . . . . S. amesiana 

oculata 

reichenbachiana 

tigrina 

— aurea 

— venusta 

STENOGLOTTIS 
fimbriata 
longifolia 

TAINIA 
viridifusca 



TETRAMICRA 

bicolor . . . 



Leptotes bicolor 



THUNIA 

Joined by some to Phajus. 

alba 

bensoniae (alba bensoniae ABL) 

marshalliana (alba marshalliana 
ABL) 

wrigleyana (bensoniae X marshal- 
liana) 

The more correct name (if this form is 
recognized) is T. veitchiana, but our 
feehng is that it is nothing but a cross 
between two plants which we consider 
to be only varieties of T. alba and is 
therefore scarcely worthy of notice. 

TRICHOPILIA 

coccinea (marginata ABL-Cy) 
— marginata (marginata ABL-Cy) 
fragrans (Pilumna fragrans) 
gigantea 

Not found. 



Small CAPiTALS=approved common names. Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (f) see page 1. 



340 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



ORCHID GENERA (TRICHOPILIA), cont. 

hennesi T. hennisiana 

hennisiana {hennesi) 
hermisi 

Not found, perhaps an error for T. 
hennisi which is the same asT. hennis- 
iana. 

suavis 
tortilis 

TRICHOSMA Cy . . . ERIA 
suavis Cy Eria coronaria 

TRIGONIDIUM 
amesianum 

Not found, probably a garden variety. 

egertonianum 
VANDA 

amesiana 

batemani (Vandopsis lissochiloides 
ABL-Cy) 

bensoni 

boxalli Cy . .V. lamellata boxalli 

caenilea (coerulea ABL) 

— albescens 

— roehrsiana 

caerulescens {coerulescens ABL) 

cristata 

denisoniana (dennisoniae) 

dennisoniae ... V. denisoniana 

densiflora {Saccolabium giganteum) 

— illustris 

gigantea ( Vandopsis gigantea ABL- 
Cy; Stauropsis gigantea) 

hookeriana 

joaquimiae {Miss Joaquim; hooh- 
erianaXtei'es) 

kimballiana 

lamellata 

— boxalli {boxalli Cy) 

limbata 

lowei .... Arachnanthe lowei 

lusonica V. luzonica 

luzonica {lusonica) 

Miss Joaquim ... V. joaquimiae 

parishi 

— mariottiana 

roxburghi {tessellata ABL) 

sanderiana {Euanthe sanderiana 
ABL) 

suavis {tricolor suavis Cy) 

teres 

— alba 

— andersoni 



ORCHID GENERA (VANDA teres), cont. 
— aurora . . •. . V. teres aurorea 
— aurorea {teres aurora) 
— Candida 
— tricolor 

Probably the same as V. tricolor. 

tessellata ABL ... V. roxburghi 

tricolor 

— dodgsoni 

— planilabris 

— suavis V. suavis 

VANILLA Vanilla 

aromatica . . South American V. 
planifolia Mexican V. 

WARSCEWICZELLA 

By many joined to Zygopetalum. 

aromatica 

Little known. 

discolor 
wendlandi 

XYLOBIUM 

hyacinthinum {Maxillaria hyacin- 

thina) 
leontoglossum 

ZYGOPETALUM 

Including Bollea and Pescatorea. 

burkei 

burti {Huntley a hurti Cy; Bate- 

7nania hurti) 
cerinum {Pescatorea cerina Cy) 
coeleste {Bollea coelestis Cy) 
crinitum . . Z. mackayi crinitum 
dayanum {Pescatorea day ana Cy) 
— rhodacrum {Pescatorea day ana 

rhodacra Cy) 
gairianum 

gautieri . . . Z. maxillare gautieri 
intermedium 

Z. mackayi intermedium 

There is also a vaUd Z. intermedium 
which apparently is not in cultivation. 

klabochorum {Pescatorea cldbocho- 

rum; P. klabochorum Cy) 
lalindei {Bollea lalindei Cy) 
mackayi 

— crinitum {crinitum Cy) 
— intermedium {intermedium) 
maxillare gautieri {gautieri Cy) 
xanthinum . . Promenaea citrina 



ORCHIS— OXALIS 



341 



ORCHIS Orchis 

rotundifolia Small Roundleaf O. 
spectabilis {Galeorchis spedabilis 

Cy) Showy Orchis 

Oregon Ash, Oregon Crab, etc. See 

Ash, Crab, etc. 
OREODOXA 

regia Cy .... Roystonea regia 
Organpipe Cactus 

Pachycereus marginatus 
Oriental Arborvitae, Oriental 
Bittersweet, etc. See Arbor- 
vitae, Bittersweet, etc. 

ORIGANUM Marjoram 

majorana Sweet M. 

vulgare Wild M. 

ORMOSIA Ormosia 

monosperma . . . Necklacetree 

ORNITHIDIUM 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

ORNITHOCHILUS 

fuscus 
ORNITHOGALUM 

Star-of-Bethlehem 

arabicum Arabian S. 

Narbonne S. 
. Pyramid S. 
. Common S. 



narbonense . 

— pyramidale 

umbellatum . 
OROBUS 

lathyroides . . . Vicia oroboides 

niger Lathyrus niger 

vernus L. vernus 

Orobus Vetch . . Vicia oroboides 
ORONTIUM .... Goldencltjb 

aquaticum .... Goldenclub 
OROXYLUM 

East Indian Trumpetflower 

indicum .... East Indian T. 

ORTHOCARPUS 

purpurascens 
ORYZA Rice 

sativa Rice 

Osage-orange . . Madura pomifera 
Osier 

Clasping Purple O. Hort. var. of 
Salix purpurea. 

Common O. . . . Salix viminalis 

Lambert Purple O. Hort. var. of 
S. purpurea. 



Osier, continued 

Purple O Salix purpurea 

Weeping Purple O. OS', purpurea 
pe7idula\ Cy) 

OSMANTHUS . . . Osmanthus 

aquifolium Holly O. 

delavayi Del a v ay O. 

fortunei Fortune O. 

fragrans Sweet O. 

Hort. var. of Osmanthus: 

Golden O. (0. aquifolium aureus\\ 
0. a. aureomarginatus Cy) 

Silver O. (0. a. argenteus\', 0. a. 
argenteomarginatus Cy) 

OSMUNDA 

cinnamomea . . .Cinnamon Fern 

claytoniana . . . Interrupted F. 

regalis Royal F. 

Hort. var. of O. regalis: 

Slender Royal Fern (gracilis) 

OSTERDAMIA 
^ japonica (Zoysia japonica Cy) 

Japanese Lawngrass 

matrella (Z. matrella Cy) 

Manila Grass 
tenuifolia (Z. tenuifolia Cy) 

Mascarene G. 
Ostrich Fern . . Pteretis nodulosa 

OSTRYA HOPHORNBEAM 

virginiana (virginica) American H. 
Oswego Beebalm . Monarda didyma 
Oswego-tea . . . Oswego Beebalm 
Otaksa Hydrangea ( Hijdrangea opu- 

loides otaksa] Cy) 
OTHAKE Ag . . . . POLYPTERIS 

OTHONNA Othonna 

crassifolia (0. capensis Ag) 

Little-pickles 

OUVIRANDRA Ag 

APONOGETON 

OvERCUP Oak . . . Quercus lyrata 

OXALIS OxALis 

acetosella . Common Woodsorrel 

albiflora O. variabilis 

bowiei Bowie Oxalis 

cernua Buttercup O. 

comiculata .... Creeping O. 
— atropurpurea (tropaeoloides) 

Nasturtium O. 



342 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



OXALIS, continued 

deppei Rosette Oxalis 

enneaphylla .... Nineleaf O. 

See also hort. var. list below. 

lasiandra Primrose O. 

rosea Rose O. 

The name O. rosea is sometimes mis- 
applied to Rosy Nineleaf Oxalis, hort. 
var. of O. enneaphylla. 

stricta (Xanthoxalis stricta) 

Common Yellow Oxalis 
tropaeoloides 

O. comiculata atropurpurea 
valdiviensis . . Chilean Oxalis 
variabilis (albiflora) . . Cape O. 
violacea {lonoxalis violacea) 

Violet Woodsorrel 
Hort. var. of Oxalis: 

Rosy Nineleaf O. {enneaphylla 
rosea) 

Oxalis Oxalis 

Bowie O O. bowiei 

Buttercup O. . . . O. cernua 

Cape O O. variabilis 

Chilean O. . . . O. valdiviensis 
Common Yellow O. . .0. stricta 
Creeping O. . . O. corniculata 
Nasturtium O. O. c. atropurpurea 
Nineleaf O. . . O. enneaphylla 
Primrose O. ... O. lasiandra 

Rose O O. rosea 

Rosette O O. deppei 

Rosy Nineleaf O. Hort. var. of O. 

enneaphylla. 
Woodsorrel . . . Oxalis species 

Oxeye Buphthalmum 

Heartleaf O. . . B. speciosum 

Willowleaf O. . B. salicifolium 

Oxeye BuTTERFLYBUSH, Oxeye Daisy, 

etc. See Butterflybush, 

Daisy, etc. 

OxLip Primrose . . Primula elatior 

OXYANTHUS 
isthmia Cy . Posoqueria latifolia 

OXYCOCCOS Ag . . VACCINIUM 
OXYDENDRUM . . . Sourwood 
arboreum {Andromeda arhorea) 

Sourwood 
Oyama Magnolia 

Magnolia parviflora 

BOLD-face^approved scientific names. 



Oyster 
Vegetable-oyster 

Tragopogon porrifolius 

Oysterplant Veget.able- 

oyster: Tragopogon porrifolius 
Spanish O. . Scolymus hispanicus 
Ozark Sundrops 

Oenothera missouriensis 

PACHIRA Pachira 

aquatica . . . Guiana-chestnut 
PACHISTIMA . . . Pachistima 

canbyi Canby P. 

myrsinites Myrtle P. 

PACHYCEREUS 

chrysomallus {Cephalocereus chrys- 

omallus) 
marginatus {Cereus marginatus) 

Organpipe Cactus 
pectenaboriginum (C. pecten-abo- 
riginum) . . Hairbrush Cactus 
pringlei (C. pringlei) 
PACHYLOPHUS . OENOTHERA 
PACHYSANDRA . . Pachysandra 
procumbens .... Mountain P. 
terminalis .... Japanese P. 
Pacific Dogwood, Pacific Screw- 
pine, etc. See Dogwood, Screw- 
pine, etc. 
PACOURIA 
capensis 

PAEONIA Peony 

albiflora {edulis) . . . Chinese P. 

arhorea P. suffruticosa 

corallina .... Coral Peony 

edulis P. albiflora 

lutea Golden Peony 

moutan P. suffruticosa 

officinalis .... Common Peony 
suffruticosa {arhorea; moutan) 

Tree P. 

tenuifolia Fringed P. 

Hort. var. of Peony, Paeonia: 

For convenience of reference the 
common names of Peony species have 
been included in this list of horticul- 
tural varieties. 

According to Dr. L. H. Bailey the 
horticultural varieties of Peony, except 
the few derived from the Tree Peony, 
are mostly the progeny of Paeonia albi- 
flora, though many are from P. offici- 
nalis. 



/rAZic=synonyms or unapproved names. 



PAEONIA 



343 



PAEONIA, Peony (Hort. var.), continued 

This list is brought up to spring, 1923. 
The original copy was revised by A. P. 
Saunders, Secretary, American Peony 
Society, Clinton, N. Y., to whom corre- 
spondence in reference to Peonies should 
be addressed. 

The originator's name, where known, 
is given after each variety, but accuracy 
is not guaranteed. This list will serve as 
a working basis for future revisions and 
additions. 

The Peony well illustrates the crying 
need of standardization in names of 
horticultural varieties of many groups 
of our most popular garden flowers 
which are now in a state of chaos; and 
also the imperative necessity of name 
registration, by an authoritative body, of 
all new varieties introduced. Elimi- 
nation of unworthy varieties is espe- 
cially desirable. 

Special Note. As is the case in practi- 
cally all special hsts submitted to it for 
publication in Standardized Plant 
Names, the American Joint Committee 
has found it necessary to modify a few 
names which violated its rules of pro- 
cedure, for example, Old Silver Tip be- 
comes Old Silvertip; 0-pe-chee becomes 
Opechee; Mademoiselle Marie Calot be- 
comes Mile. Marie Calot, etc. Another 
exa,mple is the use of the possessive, 
which the American Joint Committee 
has discarded in all cases; therefore it is 
only fair to state that Dr. Saunders 
disagrees with this practice. 

American Joint Committee on 
Horticultural Nomenclature 

Harlan P. Kelsey, Secretary. 

Abbreviations of Names of 
Originators 



Ban. 


Sir J. Banks. 


Barr 


Barr. 


Buy. 


Buyck. 


Bra. 


Brand. 


Cal. 


Calot. 


Cr. 


Crousse. 


Del. 


Delache. 


Des. 


Dessert. 


Don. 


Donkelaer. 


Fran. 


Frankhn. 


Gom. 


Gombault. 


G. &K 


. Goos and Koenemann. 


Gue. 


Guerin. 


Har. 


Harrison. 


Hoi. 


HoUis. 


K. &L 


Kallen and Lunnemann 


Kel. 


Kel way. 


Ker. 


Kernberger. 


Lem. 


Lemoine. 


Lemon 


Lemon. 


Mech. 


Mechin. 


Miel. 


Miellez. 


Small CAPiTALS=approved common 



PAEONIA, Peony (Hort. var.), continued 

Mil. Millet. 

Min. Minot. 

Nie. Nieuwenhuyzen. 

Pail. Paillet. 

Par. Parmentier. 

Pele Pele. 

Pet. Peterson. 

Pie. Pleas. 

Pot. Potts. 

Ren. Renault. 

Rich. Richardson. 

Riv. Riviere. 

Ros. Rosenfield. 

Sav. Savreau. 

Saun. Saunders. 

Sen. Seneclauze. 

Shay. Shaylor. 

Ter. Terry. 

Thur. Thurlow. 

Verd. Verdi er. 

Wal. Wallace. 

War. Warnaar. 

ACHILLE. (Cal.) 

Adelaide Hollis. (Hoi.) 

Admiral Dewey. (Hoi.) 

Admiral Schley. (Ter.) 
'Admiral Togo. (Hoi.) 

Adolphe Rousseau. (Des. & Mech.) 

Agida. 

Agnes Kirkwood. (Ter.) 

Agnes Mary Kelway. (Kel.) 

A. J. Davis. (Bra.) 

Aksarben. (Ros.) 

Alba Sulfurea. (Cal.) 

Albatre. (Cr.) 

Albert Crousse. (Cr.) 

Albiflore, The Bride. (D^s.) La 
Financee; The Bride. 

Alexandre Dumas. (Gue.) 

Alex ANDRi ANA. (Cal.) 

Alfred. (Ter.) 

Alfred de Musset. (Cr.) 
Alice. (Ter.) 
Alice Boit). (Ter.) 
Alice Crousse. (Cal.) 
Alice de Julvecourt. (Pel.) 
Alma. Jap. (Shay.) 
Alpha and Omega. (Pie.) 
Alpheus Hyatt. (Rich.) 
Alsace-Lorraine. (Lem.) 
Altar Candles. (Pie.) 
Amanda Yale. (Bra.) 
Amazone. (Lem.) 
Ambroise Verschaffelt. (Cal.) 



Abbreviations: tAg) (Ar) (Cy) (t) see page 



344 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



PAEONIA, Peony (Hort. var.), continued 

A. M. Slocum. (Fran.) 

Andr6 Lauries. (Cr.) 

A.P.Saunders. (Thur.) 

Archie Brand. (Bra.) 

Arethusa. 

Arlequin. (Des.) 

Armand Rousseau. (Des. & Mech.) 

Armandine Mechin. (Mech.) 

Arsene Meuret. (Verd.) 

Asa Gray. (Cr.) 

ASSMANSHAUSEN. (G. & K.) 

Atrosanguinea. (Cal.) 
Attraction. (Hoi.) 
AuGusTE Dessert. (Des.) 
Augusts Lemoinier. (Cal.) 
AuGusTE Villaume. (Cr.) 
Augustin d'Hour. (Cal.) Marechal 

MacMahon. 
Aunt Ellen. (Bra.) 
Aurora. (Pie.) 
AuRORE. (Des.) 
Austin Chamberlain. (Kel.) 
Avalanche. (Cr.) 
Aviateur Reymond. (Des.) 
Balfour. (Kel.) 
Ball o' Cotton (Fran.) 
Baron J. Hulot. (Mil.) 
Baroness Schroeder. (Kel.) 
Battlefield. (Hoi.) 
Bay State. (Hoi.) 
BayadJjre. (Lem.) 
Beatrice Kelway. (Kel.) 
BEAUTfc de Villecante. (Gom.) 
BeautJ: Francaise. (Gue.) 
Beautys Mask. (Hol.) 
Belisaire. (Lem.) 
Belle Alliance. (Cr.) 
Belle Douaisienne. (Cal.) 
Belle Hough. (Ter.) 
Belle Mauve. (Lem.) 
Belle of Crescent. (Ter.) 
Benjamin Franklin. (Bra.) 
Berlioz. (Cr.) 
Bernard Palissy. (Cr.) 
Bernardine. (Kel.) 
Bertha. (Ter.) 
Bertrade. (Lem.) 
Bessie Magill. (Ter.) 
Bessie Meehan. (Ter.) 
Biebrich. (G. & K.) 
BiRKET Foster. (Kel.) 



PAEONIA, Peony (Hort. var.), continued 

Black Prince. (Thur.) 

Blanche Cire. 

Blanche Dessert. (Des.) 

Bobbie Bee. (Hol.) 

BouLE Blanche. (Cr.) 

Boule de Neige. (Cal.) 

Bouquet de Flora. (Pie.) 

Brands Magnificent. 

Bridesmaid. Marie Jacquin. 

Bunch of Perfume. (Kel.) 

Bunker Hill. (Hol.) 

Cameron. (Cr.) 

Camille. (Des.) 

Canari. (Gue.) 

Candeur. (Des.) 

Candidissima. (Cal.) 

Carmen. (Lem.) 

Carnea Elegans. (Cal.) 

Carnea Elegans. (Gue.) 

Carnea Triumphans. (Gue.) 

Carnot. (Des.) 

Caroline Allain. (Gue.) 

Carrie. (Ter.) 

Cavalleria Rusticana. (Kel.) 

Celestial. (Barr.) 

Cent)rillon. (Des.) 

Ceres. (Verd.) 

Cerisette. 

Charlemagne. (Cr.) 

Charles McKellip. (Bra.) 

Charles Sedgwick Minot. (Rich.) 

Charlotte Cushman. (Hol.) 

Cherry Hill. (Thur.) 

Chestine Go\\T)Y. (Bra.) 

Chinese P. P. albiflora. 

Christine Ritcher. (Hol.) 

Christine Shand. (Kel.) 

Claire Dubois. (Cr.) 

Clairette. (Des.) 

Clara Barton. (Ter.) 

Clarisse Calot. Rubra Triumphans 

Claude Cellee. (Lem.) 

Claude Lorrain. (Cr.) 

Clemenceau. (Des.) 

Clementine Gillot. (Cr.) 

Clio. (Pet.) 

Cold Slaw. Mme. Lemoinier. 

Comet. (Fran.) 

Commodore Dewey. (Ter.) 

Commodore Emge. (Bra.) 

Common P. P. officinalis. 



PAEONIA 



345 



PAEONIA, Peony (Hort. var.), continued 
COMTE DE GOMER. (Cal.) 

Constant Devred. (Cal.) 
CoQUELiN. (Des.) 
Coquette. (Lem.) 
Coral P. P. corallina. 
Cornelia Shaylor. (Shay.) 
Coronation. (Kel.) 
Countess of Warwick. (Kel.) 
Couronne d'Or. (Cal.) 
Crimson and Gold. (Wal.) 
Crimson Queen. (Ter.) 
Crimson Victory. (Ros.) 
Crystal Lake. (Fran.) 
Curiosity. (Des. & Mech.) 
C. W. ScHOCK. (Fran.) 
Cynthia. (Ter.) 
Cytherea. (Cal.) Cytheree. 
Darkness. (Bra.) 
Daubenton. (Cr.) 
Daybreak. (Hoi.) 
Deborah Sayles. (Shay.) 
De Candolle. (Cr.) 
Deemster. (Kel.) 
Defiance. (Ter.) 
Delache. (Del.) Delachei. 
Delicatissima. 
Denis Helye. (Verd.) 
Directeur Aubry. (Ct.) 
Distinction, (Des.) 
Dorchester. (Rich.) 
Dorothy. (Kel.) 
Dorothy Allison. (Shay.) 
Dorothy E. Kibby. (Hoi.) 
Dorothy Kelway. (Kel.) 
Doctor Bonavia. (Kel.) 

DOCTEUR BOISDUVAL. 

Dr. Bretonneau. (Gue.) 

Dr. Bretonneau. Lady Leonora 

Bramwell. 
Dr. Caillot. (Verd.) 
Dr. Edgar Pleas. (Pie.) 
Dr. H. Barnsby. (Des.) 
Dr. H. Van der Tak. (K. & L.) 
Due DE Cazes. (Gue.) 
Due DE Wellington. (Cal.) 
Duchess of Portland. (Barr.) 
Duchess of Sutherland. 
Duchess of Teck. (Kel.) 
DucHESSE DE Nemours. (Cal.) 
Duchesse de Nemours. (Gue.) 
DucHESSE d'Orleans. (Gue.) 



PAEONIA, Peony (Hort. var.), continued 

Duke of Clarence. (Kel.) 
Duke of Devonshire. (Kel.) 
E. B. Browning. (Bra.) 
E. C. Shaw. (Thur.) 
Edith Forrest. (Hoi.) 
Edith West. (Bra.) 
Edmond About. (Cr.) 
Edmond Lebon. (Cal.) 
Edouard Ant)r6. (Mech.) 
Edulis Superba. (Lemon.) 
Edward W. Becker. (Fran.) 
Edwin Forrest. (Hoi.) 
E. G. Hill. (Lem.) 
Eglantine. (Des.) 
Eleanor Ann Smith. (Fran.) 
Elie Chevalier. (Des.) 
Ella Christiansen. (Bra.) 
Ella Christine Kelway. (Kel.) 
Ella Wheeler Wilcox. (Bra.) 
Elwood Pleas. (Pie.) 
Emile Hoste. 
- Emile Lemoine. (Cal.) 
Emily. (Kel.) 
Empereur Nicolas. (Cr.) 
Enchanteresse. (Lem.) 
Enchantment. (Hoi.) 
Enfant de Nancy. (Cr.) 
Ernest Hardine. (Kel.) 

ESTAFETTE. (DeS.) 

Esther. (Ter.) 

Etendarddu Grand Homme. (Miel.) 

Etienne Dessert. (Des.) 

Etienne Mechin. (Mech.) 

Etta. (Ter.) 

EucHARis. (Lem.) 

EugI:ne Bigot. (Des.) 

EugI:ne Reignoux. (Des.) 

Eugene Verdier. (Cal.) 

Eugenie Verdier. (Cal.) 

EuPHEMiA. (Ter.) 

Evangeline. (Lem.) 

Evening Glow. (Hol.) 

Excelsior. (Ter.) 

Exquisite. (Kel.) 

Fanny Crosby (Bra.) 

Faribault. (Bra.) 

Faust. (Miel.) 

Felix Crousse. (Cr.) 

Ferdinand Stoliczka. (Rich.) 

Festiva. (Don.) 

Festiva j\L\xima. (Miel.) 



346 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



PAEONIA, Peony (Hort. var.), continued 

Fine Lady. (Kel.) ^ 

Flag of Truce. (Kel.) 

Flag of War. (Kel.) 

Flambeau. (Cr.) 

Flashlight. (Hoi.) 

Floral Treasure. (Ros.) 

Florence Nightingale. (Bra.) 

Fragrans. (Ban.) 

Fraicheur. (Lem.) 

Frances Shaylor. (Shay.) 

Frances Willard. (Bra.) 

Francis B. Hayes. (Rich.) 

Francois Ortegat. (Par.) 

Francois Premier. (Verd.) 

Franqois Rousseau. (Des.) 

Frank Bramley. (Kel.) 

Freedom. (Kel.) 

Fringed P. P. tenuifolia. 

Galatea. (Lem.) Galathee. 

Gen. Bertrand. (Gue.) 

Gen. Cavaignac. (Cal.) 

Gen. Custer. (Ter.) 

Gen. Davoust. (Cr.) "^ 

Gen. de Boisdeffre. (Cr.) 

Gen. Dodds. (Cr.) 

Gen. Grant. (Ter.) 

Gen. Hancock. (Ter.) 

Gen. Hooker. (Ter.) 

George B. Sowerby. (Rich.) 

George Hollis. (Hoi.) 

George Washington. (Hoi.) 

George W. Tryon. (Rich.) 

Georgiana Shaylor. (Shay.) 

Germaine Bigot. (Des.) 

GiGANTEA. (Cal.) Lamartine. 

Ginette. (Des.) 

GiSELE. (Lem.) 

Gismonda. (Cr.) 

Gladiator. (Hoi.) 

Gloire de Boskoop. 

Gloire de Charles Gombault 

(Gom.) 
Gloire de Chenonceaux (Mech.) 
Gloire de Douai. (Cal.) 
Gloire de Touraine. (Des.) 
Glory. (Hoi.) 
Glory of Somerset. (Kel.) 
Golden P. P. lutea. 
Golden Harvest. (Ros.) 



PAEONIA, Peony (Hort. var.), continued 

Golden Nugget. (Pie.) 

Goldmine. (Hol.) 

Goliath. (Hol.) 

Governor Johnson. (Bra.) 

Grace D. Bryan. (Ros.) 

Grace Loomis. (Saun.) 

Grandiflora. (Rich.) Henry Wood- 
ward. 

Grandiflora Carnea Plena. 
(Lemon.) 

Grandiflora Lutescens. (Gue.) 

Grandiflora Nivea Plena. 
(Lemon.) 

Graziella, 

Gretchen. (G. & K.) 

Grover Clevelant). (Ter.) Te- 
cumseh. 

Gypsy. (Hol.) 

Gypsy Queen. (Pie.) 

H. A. Hagen. (Rich.) 

H. F. Reddick. (Bra.) 

Harriet Beecher Stowe. (Hol.) 

Harriet Farnsley. (Bra.) 

Harriet Olney. (Bra.) 

Harry Grandprey. (Bra.) 

Helen Wolaver. (Bra.) 

Helena Leslie. (Barr.) 

Henri Demay. (Cal.) 

Henri Laurent. (Cr.) 

Henri Murger. (Cr.) 

Henry Avery. (Bra.) 

Henry Farnam. (Kel.) 

Henry Woodward. Grandiflora 

Hercules. (Ter.) 

Heroine. (Lem.) 

Hettie Ann. (Fran.) 

High Jinx. (Fran.) 

Humei Alba. (Lem.) 

Humei Carnea. (Gue.) 

Innocence. (Hol.) 

Insignis. (Gue.) 

Irma. (Cal.) 

Isoline. (Lem.) 

James Boyd. (Thur.) 

James Kelway. (Kel.) 

James R. Mann. (Thur.) 

James Vick. (Ter.) 

J. B. Rendatler. (Cal.) 

Jeanne d'Arc. (Cal.) 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. /rAKc=synonyms or unapproved names. 



PAEONIA 



347 



PAEONIA, Peony (Hort. var.), continued 


PAEONIA, Peony (Hort. var.). continued 


Jeanne Gaudichau. (Mil.) 


Lady Gwendolen Cecil. (Kel.) 


Jeannette Oppliger. (Bra.) 


Lady Iris. (Pie.) 


Jennie E. Richardson. (Hoi.) 


Lady Leonora Bramwell. (Verd.) 


Jeannot. (Des.) 


Dr. Bretonneau. 


Jenny Lind 


Lady Northbrook. 


Jessie K. Crosby. (Hoi.) 


Lady Somerset. (Kel.) 


Jessie Shaylor. (Shay.) 


Lake of Silver. (Fran.) 


John Hancock. (Hoi.) 


Lamartine. (Lem.) 


John Richardson. (Rich.) 


Lawartine. Gigantea. 


Joseph Griffin. (Pie.) 


Laura Dessert. (Des.) 


Judge Berry. (Bra.) 


Leander Starr Jamieson. (Kel.) 


Jules Calot. (Cal.) 


Le Cygne. (Lem.) 


Juliette Dessert. (Des.) 


Le Jour. (Shay.) 


June Day. (Fran.) 


Le Noir. (Shay.) 


Karl Rosenfield. (Ros.) 


Leona Kinney. (Bra.) 


Kelway Glorious. (Kel.) 


Leviathan. (Kel.) 


Kelway Queen. (Kel.) 


Liberty. (Hol.) 


King of England. (Kel.) 


Little Gem. (Pie.) 


Konigswinter. (G. & K.) 


Little Sweetheart. (Bra.) 


L'Eclatante. (Cal.) 


Livingstone. (Cr.) 


L'Etincelante. (Des.) 


Longfellow. (Bra.) 


L'Indispensable. 


' Lora Dexheimer. (Bra.) 


L'Innocence. (Shay.) 


Lorch. (G. & K.) 


La Brune. (Verd.) 


Lord Kitchener. (Ren.) 


La Coquette. (Gue.) 


Lord Rosebery. (Barr.) 


La Fayette. (Des.) 


Lottie Collins. (Kel.) 


La Fee. (Lem.) 


Louis Van Houtte. (Cal.) 


La Fiancee. (Lem.) 


Louisa Brant). (Bra.) 


La Fiancee. Albiflora, The Bride. 


Louise Renault. (Cr.) 


La Fontaine. (Des.) 


Loveliness. (Hol.) 


La Fontaine. (Lem.) 


LuciENNE. (Des.) 


La Fraicheur. (Des.) 


LucRECE. (Cal.) 


La France. (Lem.) 


Lucy E. Hollis. (Hol.) 


La Lorraine. (Lem.) 


LuETTA Pfeiffer. (Bra.) 


La Nuit. (Shay.) 


LURANA. (Pie.) 


La Perle. (Cr.) 


LuTEA Plenissima. (Buy.) 


La Rosii:RE. (Cr.) 


LiT)E. (Kel.) 


La Sublime. (Par.) 


Lynda. (Bra.) 


La Tendresse. (Cr.) 


Mabel L. Franklin. (Fran.) 


La Tulipe. (Cal.) 


Madeleine Gauthier. (Des.) 


La Vest ale. (Cal.) 


Magnifica. (Miel.) 


Labolas. (Kel.) 


Major Loder. (Kel.) 


Lady Alexandra Duff. (Kel.) 


Marcelle Dessert. (Des.) 


Lady Ardilaun. 


Marchioness of Lansdowne. (Kel ) 


Lady Beresford. (Kel.) 


Marechal MacMahon. Augustin 


Lady Brooke. (Kel.) 


d'Hour. 


Lady Carrington. (Kel.) 


Marechal Vaillant. Souvenir d' Avr 


Lady Curzon. (Kel.) 


guste Miellez. 


Lady Emily. (Pie.) 


Marguerite Dessert. (Des.) 



Small CAPiTAL8=approved common names. Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (t) see page 



348 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



PAEONIA, Peony (Hort. var.), continued 

Marguerite Gaudichau. (Mil.) 

Marguerite Gerard. (Cr.) 

Maria Kelway. (Kel.) 

Marie. (Cal.) 

Marie Crousse. (Cr.) 

Marie Deroux. (Cr.) 

Marie d'Hour. (Cal.) 

Marie Houillon. (Cal.) 

Marie Jacquin. (Verd.) Water 

Lily; Bridesmaid. 
Marie Lemoine. (Cal.) 
Marie Stuart. (Cal.) 
Marjorie Allison. (Sha3^) 
Marmontel. (Cr.) 
Marquis C. Lagergren. (Des.) 
Marquis de Lory. 
Marshall P. Wilder. (Hoi.) 
Martha Bulloch. (Bra.) 
Martha Washington. (Hoi.) 
Mary A. Livermore. (Hol.) 
Mary Baker Eddy. (Hol.) 
Mary Brand. (Bra.) 
Mary Comstock. (Bra.) 
Mary L. Hollis. (Hol.) 
Mary P. King. (Fran.) 
Mary W. Shaylor. (Shay.) 
Masterpiece. (Kel.) 
Mathilde de Roseneck. (Cr.) 
Mathilde Mechin. (Mech.) 
Matilda Lewis. (Saun.) 
Maud L. Richardson. (Hol.) 
May Davidson 
Meadowvale. (Hol.) 
Meissonier. (Cr.) 
Mellin Knight. (Bra.) 
Meteor 

Midnight. (Bra.) 
Midsummer Nights Dream. (Pie.) 
MiGNON. (Lem.) 
Mikado. (Barr.) 
Miles Standish. (Hol.) 
Millais. (Kel.) 
Milton Hill. (Rich.) 
Minerva. (Des.) Minerve. 
MiNNETASKA. (Fran.) 
Mirabeau. (Lem.) 
Mireille. (Cr.) 
Miss Henninger. (Ter.) 
Miss Morris. (Ter.) 
Miss Salway. (Kel.) 
Mistral. (Des.) 



PAEONIA, Peony (Hort. var.), continued 

Mlle. Desbuisson. (Cr.) 
Mlle. Germaine Perthuis. (Mil.) 
Mlle. Jeanne Riviere. (Riv.) 
Mlle. Juliette Dessert. (Des.) 
Mlle. Leonie Calot. (Cal.) Mons 

Charles Levegue. 
Mlle. Marie Calot. (Cal.) 
Mlle. Renee Dessert. (Mech.) 
Mlle. Rose Rendatler. (Cal.) 
Mlle. Rousseau. (Cr.) 
Mlle. Vaillant 

Mme. Adrien Seneclauze. (Sen.) 
Mme. Auguste Dessert. (Des.) 
Mme. Auguste Peltereau. (Mech.) 
Mme. Barillet Deschamps. (Cal.) 
Mme. Benoit Riviere. (Riv.) 
Mme. Bigot. (Des.) 
Mme. Bollet. (Cal.) 
Mme. Boulanger. (Cr.) 
Mme. Breon. (Gue.) 
Mme. Bucquet. (Des.) 
Mme. Calot. (Miel.) 
Mme. Camille Bancel. (Cr.) 
Mme. Chaumy. (Cal.) 
Mme. Coste. (Cal.) 
Mme. Crousse. (Cal.) 
Mme. de Covin. (Cr.) 
Mme. de Galhau. (Cr.) 
Mme. de Vatry. (due.) 
Mme. de Verneville. (Cr.) 
Mme. d'Hour. (Cal.) 
Mme. D. Treyeran. (Des.) 
Mme. Ducel. (Mech.) 
Mme. Emile Dupraz. (Riv.) 
Mme. Emile Galle. (Cr.) 
Mme. Emile Lemoine. (Lem.) 
Mme. Forel. (Cr.) 
Mme. Fould. (Cr.) 
Mme. Francois Toscanelli. (Riv.) 
Mme. Gaudichau. (Mil.) 
Mme. Geissler. (Cr.) 
Mme. Guyot. (Pail.) 
Mme. Herve. (Cr.) 
Mme. Hutin. (Cr.) 
Mme. Joanne Sallier. (Pail.) 
Mme. Jules Calot. (Cal.) 
Mme. Jules Dessert. (Des.) 
Mme. Jules Elie. (Cal.) 
Mme. Lebon. (Cal.) 
Mme. Lemoine. (Cal.) 
Mme. Lemoinier. (Cal.) Cold Slaw 



PAEONIA 



349 



PAEONIA, Peont (Hort. var.), continued 

Mme. Lemonnier. (Verd.) 
Mme. Loise Mere. (Cal.) 
Mme. Manchet. (Des.) 
Mme. Mechin. (Mech.) 
Mme. Moreau. (Cr.) 
Mme. Moutot. (Cr.) 
Mme. Muyssart. (Cal.) 
Mme. Pleas. (Pie.) 
Mme. Reignoux. (Des.) 
Mme. Savreau. (Sav.) 
Mme. Schmidt. (Cal.) 
Mme. Thouvenin. (Cr.) 
Mme. Victor Verdier. (Cal.) 
Mme. Vilmorin. (Gue.) 
Modele de Perfection. (Cr.) 
Modeste Guerin. (Gue.) 
MoNS. Barral. (Cal.) 
MoNS. Bastian Lepage. (Cr.) 

MONS. BOUCHARLATAINE. (Cal.) 

Mons. Charles Leveque. Mlle. 

Leonie Calot. 
Mons. Chevreul. (Des.) 
Mons. de Villeneuve. (Verd.) 
Mons. Dupont. (Cal.) 
Mons. Jules Elie. (Qr.) 
Mons. Krelage. (Cr.) 
Mons. Martin Cahuzac. (Des.) 
Mons. Paillet. (Gue.) 
Mons. Pasteur. (Des.) 
Mons. Paul du Ribert. (Cal.) 
Mont Blanc. (Lem.) 
Moonbeam. (Kel.) 
Morning Star. (Ter.) 
Moses Hull. (Bra.) 
Mountebank. (Kel.) 
Mr. L. van Leenwen. (Nie.) 
Mr. Manning. (Kel.) 
Mrs. a. C. Ruggles. (Bra.) 
Mrs. a. M. Brand. (Bra.) 
Mrs. Carew, (Bra.) 
Mrs. Charles Gilbert. (Shay.) 
Mrs. C. S. Minot. (Min.) 
Mrs. C. W. Ward. 
Mrs. Edward Harding. (Shay.) 
Mrs. Frank Beach. (Bra.) 
Mrs. George Bunyard. (Kel.) 
Mrs. Harrison. (Ter.) 
Mrs. John M. Lewis. (Lewis.) 
Mrs. John Smythe Fogg. (Hoi.) 
Mrs. Key. (Ter.) 
Mrs. M. B. Beckett. (Pie.) 



PAEONIA, Peony (Hort. var.), continued 

Mrs. McKinley. (Ter.) 
Mrs. Pleas. (Ter.) 
Mrs. Woodward. (Ter.) 
Multiflora. (Pie.) 
Myrtle Gentry. (Bra.) 
Nana Sahib. (Kel.) 
Ne Plus Ultra. (Miel.) 
Nellie B. Beckett. (Pie.) 
Neptune. (Des.) 
Nigra. (Ter.) 
Nigricans. 

Nobilissima. (Miel.) Noblissima, 
Noemie Demay. (Cal.) 
Nokomis. (Fran.) 
Norfolk. (Rich.) 
Novelty. (Barr.) 
NuLLi Secundus. (Kel.) 
Nymphaea. (Thur.) 
Nymphe. (Des.) 
Octavie Demay. (Cal.) 
Odette. (Des.) 
, Old SiLVERTip. (Bra.) 
Olivia. (Kel.) 
Onlooker. (Kel.) 
Opal. (Pie.) 
Opechee. (Fran.) 
Orange Prince. (Pie.) 
Ornement des Massifs. (Cr.) 
Orphee. (Lem.) 
Othello. (Des.) 
Othello. (Lem.) 
Pallas. (Ter.) 
Paradise. (Hoi.) 
Pasteur. (Cr.) 
Paul Fisher. (Rich.) 
Pearled Rose. (Pie.) 
Perfection. (Rich.) Richardsons 

Perfection. 
Perle Blanche. (Des.) 
Perle Rose. (Des.) 
Perrette. (Des.) 
Petagra. (Fran.) 
Peter Pan. (Hoi.) 
Petite Renee. (Des.) 
Philippe Rivoire. (Riv.) 
Philomele. (Cal.) 
Phoebe Cary. (Bra.)^ 
Phyllis Kelway. (Kel.) 
Pierre Dessert. (Mech.) 
Pierre Duchartre. (Cr.) 
Pierre Reignoux. (Des.) 



350 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



PAEONIA, Peony (Hort. var.), continued 

Pleas Jubilee. (Pie.) 

Plutarch. (Kel.) 

PoETE Frederic Mistral. (Riv.) 

POMPONETTE. (DeS.) 

PoNEMAH. (Fran.) 

POTTSI. (Pot.) 

PoTTSi Alba. (Buy.) 
Prairie King. (Ros.) 
President Roosevelt. (War.) 
President Taft. Reine Hortense. 
Pres. W. H. Taft. (Hoi.) 
President Wilson. (Thur.) 
Pride of Essex. (Thur.) 
Pride of Langport. (Kel.) 
Prime VERE. (Lem.) 
Prince de Talindyke. 
Prince Imperial. (Cal.) 
Prince of Darkness. (Bra.) 
Prince of Wales. (Ter.) 
Princess Beatrice. (Kel.) 
Princess Clotilde. 
Princess Ellen. (Ter.) 
Princess Irene. (Kel.) 
Princess Mathilde. (Des.) 
Princess Maud. (Kel.) 
Princess May. (Kel.) 
Princess of Wales. (Kel.) 
Princess of Wales. (Ter.) 
Professor Budd. (Ter.) 
Prolifera Tricolor. (Lemon.) 

PULCHERRIMA. (Gue.) 

Purity. (Ter.) 

Purpurea Superba. (Del.) 

Queen Alexandra. 

Queen Emma. 

Queen of Hearts. (Fran.) 

Queen of the Pleasance. (Pie.) 

Queen Victoria. (Kel.) 

Rachel. (Lem.) 

Rachel. (Ter.) 

Ralph. (Pie.) 

Raoul Dessert. (Des.) 

Raphael. (Mech.) 

Rauenthal. (G. & K.) 

Red Bird. (Fran.) 

Reine Hortense. (Cal.) President 

Taft. 
Renee Marie. (Des.) 



PAEONIA, Peony (Hort. var.), continued 

Reverie. (Fran.) 

Richard Carvel. (Bra.) 

Richardsons Perfection. Perfection 

Rosa Bonheur. (Des.) 

Rose d'Amour. (Cal.) 

Rose Here. (Bra.) 

ROSELITA. (Hoi.) 

Rosette. (Des.) 

Rosy Gem. (Ter.) 

Rosy Dawn. (Pie.) 

Rosy Dawn. (Barr.) 

R. P. Whitfield. (Rich.) 

Rubens. (Del.) 

Rubra Superba. (Rich.) 

Rubra Triumphans. (Del.) Clarisse 

Calot. 
Ruth Brand. (Bra.) 
RuY Blas. (Des.) 
Sainfoin. (Kel.) 
Samoset. (Hoi.) 
Samuel Henshaw. (Rich.) 
Sappho. (Lem.) Sapho. 
Sarah. (Pie.) 
Sarah Bernhardt. (Lem.) 
Sarah Bernhardt. Umbellata Rosea 
Sarah Carstenson. (Ter.) 
Sarah K. Thurlow. (Thur.) 
Saucy Lass 
Sea Foam. (Pet.) 
Secretary Fewkes. (Shay.) 
Senator. (Ter.) 
Serene. (Fran.) 
Shabena. (Har.) 
Shirley Walker. (Shay.) 

SiGNORINETTE. (Kel.) 

Silver Cup. (Kel.) 
Silvia. (Saun.) 
SiMONNE Chevalier. (Des.) 
Sir Frederick Leighton. (Barr.) 
Sir Spencer PoNSONBY Fane. (Kel.) 
Sir William Harcourt. (Barr.) 
Sister Annie. (Bra.) 
Snowball. (HoI.) 
Solange. (Lem.) 
Sole AT ARE. (Cal.) 
Sophia Miller. (Kel.) 
Souvenir d'Auguste Miellez. M arechal 
Vaillant. 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. JTAhc^synonyms or unapproved names. 



PAEONIA 



351 



PAEONIA, Peont (Hort. var.), continued 

Souvenir de Francois Ruitton. 

(Riv.) 
Souvenir DE Gasp ARD Calot. (Cal.) 
Souvenir de Guynemer. (Mil.) 
Souvenir de l'Exposition de Bor- 
deaux. (Des.) 
Souvenir de l'Exposition du Mans. 

(Mech.) 
Souvenir de l'Exposition Univer- 

SELLE. (Cal.) 

Souvenir de Louis Bigot. (Des.) 
Souvenir du Dr. Bretonneau. 

(Des.) 
Souvenir d'Haraucourt. (Mil.) 
Speedwell. (Hoi.) 
Splendid A. (Kel.) 
Standard Bearer. (Hoi.) 
Stanley. (Cr.) 
Stanley. (Kel.) 
Stephanie. (Ter.) 
Strasbourg. (G. & K.) 
Sully Prudhomme. (Cr.) 
SuLPHUREA. (Lem.) 
Summer Day. (Kel.) 
Sunbeam. (Hoi.) 
Supreme. (Hoi.) 
Susan B. Anthony. (Bra.) 
SusANNE Dessert. (Des. & Mech.) 
SuzETTE. (Des.) 
T. B. Terry. (Pie.) 
Tecumseh. Grover Cleveland. 
Teniere. (Cr.) 
The Amazon. (Har.) 
The Bride. (Ter.) 
The Bride. Albiflora, The Bride. 
The Gem. (Pie.) 
The Jewel. (Pie.) 
The King. (Kel.) 
The Moor. (Barr.) 
The Nymph. (Har.) 
The Queen. (Kel.) 
Theodore Roosevelt. (Pie.) 
Therese. (Des.) 
Thomas C. Thurlow. (Thur.) 
Tom Thumb. (Ter.) 
Tonka. (Fran.) 
ToRPiLLEUR. (Des.) 
Torquemada 



PAEONIA, Peony (Hort var.), continued 
TOURANGELLE. (DeS.) 

Tragedy. (Hoi.) 

Tree P. P. sufifruticosa. 

Triomphe de l'Exposition de Lille. 

(Cal.) 
Triomphe de Paris. (Gue.) 
Triomphe du Nord, (Miel.) 
Triumphans Gandavensis. Alice de 

JULVECOURT. 

TuLiPiFLORA. (Ter.) 

Umbellata Rosea. (Des.) Sarah 

Bernhardt. 
Van Dyck. (Cr.) 
Variegata, (Ter.) 
Veloutine. (Des.) 
Venice. (Des.) Venise. 
Venus. (Kel.) 
Veribest. (Hoi.) 
Vesuve. (Des.) 

ViCTOIRE DE LA MaRNE. (DeS.) 

Victor Hugo. (Cr.) 
'Victory Chataeu Thierry. (Bra.) 
ViLLE DE Nancy. (Cal.) 
Virginia Cory. (Pic.) 
ViRGINIE. (Cal.) 
Virgo Maria. (Cal.) 
Viscountess Folkestone. 
VoLCAN. (Lem.) 
Wahwahtaysee. (Fran.) 
Walter Faxon. (Rich.) 
Walter Morgan. (Pie.) 
Washington. (Gue.) 
Water Lily. Marie Jacquin. 
Waterloo. (Kel.) 
Watteau. 

Welcome Guest. (Hoi.) 
Wenonah. (Fran.) 
W. F. Christman. (Fran.) 
White Lady. (Kel.) 
White Queen. (Wal.) 
White Swan. (Pie.) 
Whitleyi Major, 
Wiesbaden. (G. & K.) 
Wilbur Wright. (Kel.) 
Wild Rose. (Pie.) 
William F. Turner. (Shay.) 
William Mesman. (Ker.) 
William Penn. (Bra.) 



Small CAPiTALS=approved common names. Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (t) see page 1 . 



352 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



PAEONIA, Peony (Hort. var.), continued 

Wilton Lockwood. (Shay.) 

WiNNiFRED DoMME. (Bra ) 

WiNNiKENNi. (Thur.) 

ZoE Calot. (Miel.) 

ZoE Verniory. (Gue.) 
Pagnucci Grape . . Vitis pagnucci 
Pagoda Dogwood Comus alternifolia 
Paintbrush 

Indian P. . . . Castilleja coccinea 
Painted Abutilon, Painted Daisy, 

etc. See Abutilon, Daisy, etc. 
Painted-cup Castilleja 

Indian Paintbrush 

Castilleja coccinea 

Texas Painted-cup . C. indivisa 

Woolly P C. foliolosa 

Pakchoi Cabbage Brassica chinensis 

PALAFOXIA 

hookeriana . Polypteris hookeriana 
Palafoxia . Polypteris hookeriana 
Palay Rubbervine 

Cryptostegia grandiflora 
Pale Broom, Pale Camomile, etc. 

See Broom, Camomile, etc. 
Paleleaf Goldenrod 

Solidago pallida 
Palestine Iris . . Iris bismarckiana 

PALIURUS 

spina-christi (aculeatus) 

Christ-thorn 
Palm 
African Oil P. . Elaeis guineensis 
Apricot P. . . Cocos eriospatha 

Areca Areca 

Bauer P. . . Rhopalostylis baueri 
Beach P. . Pyrenoglyphis major 
Belmore p. . Howea belmoreana 

Betel P Areca catechu 

Blue P. . . Glaucothea armata 

Bonnet P Cocos bonneti 

Bottle P. Hyophorbe amaricaulis 
Brandegee p. Erythea brandegei 
Brittle Thatch P. 

Thrinax microcarpa 
Cabbage P. 

Saw Cabbage P. 

Paurotis arborescens 
California Washington P. 

Washingtonia filif era 



Palm, continued 

Canary Date P. 

Phoenix canariensis 
Canary Hair P. Hort. var. of 

Chamaerops humilis. 
Canterbury P. 

Hedyscepe canterburyana 

Caryota Caryota 

Ceylon Date P. 

Phoenix zeylandica 
Chinese Fan P. 

Livistona chinensis 
Cliff Date P. . Phoenix rupicola 
Club Palm 

Spiny Club P Bactris 

Coconut .... Cocos nucifera 
CuTLEAF P. . . . C. schizophylla 
Date P. . Phoenix; P. dactylifera 
Canary Date P. P. canariensis 
Ceylon Date P. P. zeylandica 
Cliff Date P. . . P. rupicola 
Dwarf Date P. . . P. humilis 
India Date P. . P. sylvestris 
Senegal Date P. . P. reclinata 

Datil P Cocos datil 

Decken p. . . Deckenia nobilis 
Dwarf Date P. Phoenix humilis 

Erythea Erythea 

Dwarf E E. elegans 

Fan p. 

Australian Fan P. 

Livistona australis 
Chinese Fan P. . L. chinensis 
Fiji Fan P. Pritchardia pacifica 
Java Fan P. 

Livistona rotundifolia 
Field P. . . . Cocos campestris 
Fiji Fan P. . Pritchardia pacifica 
Florida Thatch P. 

Thrinax floridana 
FoRSTER P. . . Howea forsteriana 
Fortune P. Trachycarpus fortunei 
Guadalupe P. . . Erythea edulis 
Hair P. . Chamaerops; C. humilis 
Canary Hair P. Hort. var. of C. 
humilis. 
India Date P. Phoenix sylvestris 
Jamaica Thatch P. 

Thrinax parviflora 
Java Fan P. Livistona rotundifolia 

Kentia Kentia 

Sander K. . . K. sanderiana 



PALM— PALM GENERA 



353 



Palm, continued 

Key Thatch P. Thrinax keyensis 
Lady P. Hort. var. of ChamaeropS 

humilis. 
Latania . . Latania commersoni 
MacArthur p. 

Ptychosperma macarthuri 
Martius p. Trachycarpus martiana 
Mexican Washington P. 

Washingtonia robusta 
MiKAN P. . . Rhopalostylis sapida 
Morris Thatch P. Thrinax morrisi 
Needle P. Rhapidophyllum hystrix 
Oil P. 

African Oil P. 

Elaeis guineensis 
Palma Dulce . . . Brahea dulcis 

Palmetto Sabal 

Blackburn Palmetto 

S. blackbumiana 
Bluestem p. . . . S. glabra 
Carolina P. . . . S. palmetto 
Ghiesbreght p. Hort. var. of S. 

palmetto. 
Saw p. . . . Serenoa serrulata 

Scrub P Sabal etonia 

Texas P S. texana 

Victoria P S. exul 

PiNDO Palm . . . Cocos australis 

Rhapis Rhapis 

Fern R. . . R. flabelliformis 

Reed R R. humilis 

RoEBELiN P. . Phoenix roebelini 
Rootspine p. 

Acanthorhiza aculeata 
Royal P. . . Roystonea; R. regia 
San Diego P. . . Cocos plumosa 
Sargent P. 

Pseudophoenix sargenti 
Saw Cabbage P. 

Paurotis arborescens 
Senegal Date P. Phoenix reclinata 
Silver P. . Coccothrinax argentea 
Spindle P. Hyophorbe verschafifelti 
Spine-date . . . Acanthophoenix 

Red S A. rubra 

Spiny Club P. .... Bactris 
Sugar P. . . Arenga saccharifera 
Syrup P. . . . Jubaea spectabilis 

Thatch P Thrinax 

Brittle Thatch P. 

T. microcarpa 



Palm, continued 

Florida Thatch P. 

Thrinax floridana 
Jamaica Thatch P. T. parviflora 
Key Thatch P, . . T. keyensis 
Morris Thatch P. . T. morrisi 

Toddy P Caryota urens 

Washington P. . . Washingtonia 
California Washington P. 

W. filifera 
Mexican Washington P. 

W. robusta 
Weddell P . . Cocos weddelliana 
Wendland p. 

Hydriastele wendlandiana 
Windmill P. Trachycarpus excelsa 
Yellow P. 

Chrysalidocarpus lutescens 
PALM GENERA 

ACANTHOPHOENIX 
rubra( Areca rubra) Red Spine-date 

ACANTHORHIZA 
aculeata . . . Rootspine Palm 
ACOELORRAPHE Ar 

PAUROTIS 
ARCHONTOPHOENIX 

The palms cultivated in California 
under this name are Loroma amethys- 
tina. The true Archontophoenix is 
not known to be in cultivation in the 
United States. See note under Loroma 
amethystina. 

ARECA Areca 

alba . . . Dictyosperma album 
baueri . . Rhopalostylis baueri 
ca.techu{ A . cathecu Ag) Betel Palm 
lutescens Chrysalidocarpus lutescens 
rubra . . . Acanthophoenix rubra 
sapida . . . Rhopalostylis sapida 
verschaffelti Hyophorbe verschaff elti 

ARENGA 
saccharifera .... Sugar Palm 

BACTRIS . . . Spiny Club P 
major Cy . . Pyrenoglyphis major 
minor 

BRAHEA 

dulcis Palma Dulce 

filifera . . . Washingtonia filifera 

CARYOTA .... Caryota 
mitis {sobolifera) 
urens Toddy Palm 



354 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



PALM GENERA, continued 

CHAMAEROPS . . . Hair P 
excelsa . . Trachycarpus excelsa 

fortunei T. fortune! 

humilis Hair Palm 

nepalensis Trachycarpus martiana 
Hort. var. of Chamaerops humilis: 
Canary Hair Palm (C. canariensis) 
Lady Palm (C. elegans) 

CHRYSALIDOCARPUS 
lutescens {Areca lutescens) 

Yellow Palm 

COCCOTHRINAX 
argentea (C. garheri Cy) . Silver P 
radiata (Thrinax elegans) 

cocos 

australis ....... Pindo P. 

The name C. australis is often misap- 
plied to C. eriospatha. 

bonneti Bonnet Palm 

campestris Field P. 

datil Datil P. 

eriospatha Apricot P. 

flexuosa 

nucifera Coconut 

plumosa .... San Diego Palm 

romanzofRana 

schizophylla .... Cutleaf P. 

weddelliana .... Weddell P. 

CORYPHA 
australis .... Livistona australis 

DAEMONOROPS 
fissus 

DECKENIA 
nobilis Decken Palm 

DICTYOSPERMA 
album (Areca alba) 

ELAEIS 
guineensis . . . African Oil P. 

ERYTHEA .... Erythea 
armata . . . Glaucothea armata 
brandegei . . Brandegee Palm 

edulis Guadalupe P. 

elegans .... Dwarf Erythea 

GLAUCOTHEA 
armata (Erythea armata) 

Blue Palm 



PALM GENERA, continued 

HEDYSCEPE 
canterburyana (Kentia canterhury- 
ana) . . . Canterbury Palm 

HOWEA 
belmoreana (Kentia belmoreana) 

Belmore p. 
forsteriana ( K. forsteriana) 

Forster p. 
HYDRIASTELE 
wendlandiana ( Kentia wendland- 
iana) . . . Wendland Palm 

HYOPHORBE 

amaricaulis Bottle P. 

verschaffelti (Areca verschaffelti) 

Spindle P. 

INODESAg SABAL 

JUBAEA 
spectabilis (J. chilensis Ag) 

Syrup Palm 

KENTIA Kentia 

helmoreana Howea belmoreana 
canterburyana 

Hedyscepe canterburyana 
forsteriana . . Howea forsteriana 
macarthuri 

Ptychosperma macarthuri 
sanderiana . . . Sander Kentia 
wendlandiana 

Hydriastele wendlandiana 
LATANIA 
commersoni (L. borbonica Ag) 

Latania 

The stock sold under the name Latania 
borbonica is usually Livistona chinensis. 

LICUALA 
grandis 

LIVISTONA 
australis (Corypha australis) 

Australian Fan Palm 
chinensis . . . Chinese Fan P. 
rotundifolia .... Java Fan P. 

LOROMA 
amethystina 

Commonly planted in southern Cali- 
fornia under the names Archontophoenix 
(or Ptychosperma) alexandrae and 
Seaforthia (or Ptychosperma) elegans, 
neither of which is known to be in 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. JrA/tc=synonyms or unapproved names. 



PALM GENERA 



355 



PALM GENERA (LOROMA), continued 

cultivation in the United States. 
Archontophoenix cunninghami is the 
name of another, and little known, 
Australian palm, but the trees culti- 
vated in California under that name 
appear to be identical with Loroma 
amethystina. 

MARTINEZIA 
caryotaefolia 

NEO WASHING TON I A 

WASHINGTONIA 

OREODOXA 
regia Cy .... Roystonea regia 

PAUROTIS 
arborescens (Serenoa arborescens 

Cy; Acoelorraphe arborescens Ar) 
Saw Cabbage Palm 
wrighti (A. wrighti Ar) 

PHOENICOPHORIUM Ag 

STEVENSONIA 

PHOENIX .... Date Palm 
canariensis . . Canary Date P. 
dactylifera Date P. 

For varieties of the cultivated Date, the 
fruit of the Date Palm, see American 
Pomological Society's List of Fruits, in 
Appendix. 

humilis (P. ouselyana Ag) 

Dwarf Date Palm 

leonensis P. reclinata 

ouseleyana Ag . . . . P. humilis 

pumila 

reclinata (leonensis) 

Senegal Date Palm 

roebelini Roebelin P. 

rupicola .... Cliff Date P. 
sylvestris .... India Date P. 
zeylanica . . . Ceylon Date P. 

PRITCHARDIA 
pacifica {Styloma pacifica Ag) 

Fiji Fan P. 

PSEUDOPHOENIX 
sargenti (P. vinifera Ar) 

Sargent P. 

PTYCHORAPHIS 
singaporensis (Ptychosperma singa- 

porensis) 

PTYCHOSPERMA 
alexandrae 

See note under Loroma amethystina. 



Small CAPiTALS=approved common names. 



PALM GENERA (PTYCHOSPERMA), cont. 
elegans 

See note under Loroma amethystina. 

macarthuri ( Kentia macarihuri) 

MacArthur Palm 
singaporensis 

Ptychoraphis singaporensis 
PYRENOGLYPHIS 
major (Bactris major Cy) 

Beach Palm 
RH APID OPHYLLUM 
hystrix Needle P. 

RHAPIS Rhapis 

flabelliformis Fern R. 

himiilis Reed R. 

RHOPALOSTYLIS 

baueri (Areca baueri) Bauer Palm 
sapida (A. sapida) . . Mikan P. 

ROYSTONEA . . . Royal P. 
regia (Oreodoxa regia Cy) Royal P. 

SABAL Palmetto 

blackbumiana (umbraculifera; In- 
odes blackbumiana Ag) 

Blackburn Palmetto 

etonia Scrub P. 

exul {Inodes exul Ag) Victoria P. 

glabra (adansoni; S. minor Ar) 

Bluestem p. 

palmetto (Inodes palmetto Ag) 

Carolina P. 

texana (mexicana; Inodes iexana 

Ag) Texas Palmetto 

Hort. var. of Sabal: 

Ghiesbreght Palmetto (S. gies- 
brechti). Hort. var. of S. pal- 
metto. 
SEAFORTHIA 

elegans 

The palm commonly cultivated in Cali- 
fornia under this name is Loroma ame- 
thystina. The true Seaforthia elegans is 
not known to be in cultivation in the 
United States. 

SERENOA . . Saw Palmetto 
arborescens Cy Paurotis arborescens 
serrulata . \ . . Saw Palmetto 

STEVENSONIA 
grandifolia (grandijiora; Phoeni- 

cophorium boersigianum Ag) 

Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (t) see page 1. 



356 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



PALM GENERA, continued 

STYLOMA 

pacifica Ag . Pritchardia pacifica 

THRINAX . . Thatch Palm 

argentea . Coccothrinax argentea 

elegans C. radiata 

floridana Florida Thatch Palm 
keyensis . . . Key Thatch P. 
microcarpa . Brittle Thatch P. 
morrisi . . . Morris Thatch P. 
parviflora . . Jamaica Thatch P. 

TRACHYCARPUS 
excelsa {Chamaerops excelsa) 

Windmill P. 
fortune! (C. fortunei) Fortune P. 
martiana (C. nepalensis) 

Martius p. 
VERSCHAFFELTIA 
splendida 

WASHINGTONIA ( NEO- 
WASHINGTONIA) 

Washington Palm 
filifera {Brahea filifera] B. fila- 
mentosa) 

California Washington Palm 
robusta {W. gracilis Cy; W. 
sonorae Cy) 

Mexican Washington Palm 
Palm Violet .... Viola palmata 
Palma Dulce .... Brahea dulcis 
Palmer Pentstemon 

Pentstemon palmeri 

Palmetto Sabal 

Blackburn P. . S. blackburniana 

Bluestem P S. glabra 

Carolina P S. palmetto 

Ghiesbreght p. Hort. var. of S. 
palmetto. 

Saw P Serenoa serrulata 

Scrub P Sabal etonia 

Texas P S. texana 

Palmgrass . Chaetochloa palmifolia 
Paloblanco .... Celtis reticulata 

Pampasgrass Cortaderia 

Common P C. argentea 

PANAX Ginseng 

ginseng P. schinseng 

gracillimum . . Lineleaf Aralia 

Hort. var. of Dizygotheca veitchi. 

monstrosum . . Aralia Polyscias 

Hort. var. of Polyscias guiJfoylei. 



PANAX, continued 

quinquefolium (Aralia qninquefolia) 
American Ginseng 
schinseng (ginseng) . Chinese G. 
sessiliflorum 

Acanthopanax sessiliflorum 
trifolium . . . Dwarf Ginseng 
victoriae . . . Victoria Polyscias 

Hort. var. of Polyscias guilfoylei. 

Hort. var. of Panax: 
Japanese Ginseng 

PANCRATIUM 

calathinum Hymenocallis calathina 

PANDANUS ScREWPiNE 

graminifolius Grassy S. 

In the trade the name P. graminifolius 
is often misapplied to P. pygmaeus. 

pacificus . . . Pacific Screwpine 

pygmaeus Dwarf S. 

utilis Common S. 

veitchi Veitch S. 

P AND ORE A Pandorea 

australis ( Tecoma australis) 

Australian P. 
jasminoides (T. jasminoides) 

Jasmine P. 
ricasoliana (T. ricasoliana; T. 
rnackeni) . . Ricasol Pandorea 
Panicle Hydrangea 

Hydrangea paniculata 

PANICULARIA 

aquatica (Glyceria aquatica; G. 
spectahilis) Water Mannagrass 

PANICUM 

barbinode Para Grass 

miliaceum . Broomcorn Millet 
pabnifolium Cy 

Chaetochloa palmifolia 
sulcatum Cy . . . . C. poire tiana 
variegatum Oplismenus compo situs 

Pansy 

Common P V. tricolor 

Tufted P V. comuta 

Pansy Violet 

BiRDSFOOT Violet: Viola pedata 

Pansy-orchid Miltonia 

Panther Lily . Lilium parviflorum 

PAP AVER Poppy 

alpinum Alpine P 

bracteatum . Great Scarlet P. 



PAPAVER— PAPYRIUS 



357 



PAPAVER, continued 

dubium Longpod Poppy 

— laevigatum .... Dragon P. 

glaucum Tulip P. 

laevigatum . P. dubium laevigatum 
nudicaule .... Iceland Poppy 
orientale Oriental P 

See also hort. var. list below. 

parkmani . Parkman Oriental P 

Hort. var. of P. orientale. 

pavoninum .... Peacock P. 

pilosum Olympic P. 

rhoeas . Corn P. 

— umbrosum 

Crimson Blackspot P 

somniferum Opium P. 

umbrosum . . P. rhoeas umbrosum 
Hort. var. of Poppy, Papaver: 
Admiral 
African 
American Flag 
Apricot. Apricot Queen. 
Austen Double Shirley 
Beauty of Levermere 
Blush Queen 
Boston. Boston Peerless. 
Brightness 
Brilliant 
Cardinal 

Carnation. Carnation-flowered. 
Cerise Beauty 
Charles Darwin 
Chinese 
Dainty Lady 
Dannebrog. Danebrog; Danish; 

Danish Flag; Danish Cross. 
Duke of Teck 
Edna Perry 
Eldorado 
Fairy Blush 
Fireking 
Flag-of-truce 
Flanders Field 
FoRDHooK Fairy 
Gerald Perry 
Golden Gate 
Goliath 
Grand Mogul 
Hooker Single 
Improved Shirley 
Isle of Shoals 
Japanese Pompon 



PAPAVER (Hort. var.), continued 

Joyce 

King Edward 

Lightness 

Mahogany. Mahonoy; Mahony. 

Maid-of-the-mist 

Marie Studholme 

May Campbell 

Mephisto 

Mikado 

Miss Sherwood 

Mrs. J. Harkness 

Mrs. Marsh 

Mrs. Perry 

Oriflamme 

Parkman. Parkmani; P. orienta e 

parkmani'\ Cy. 
Peony. Peony- flowered. 
Perry White 

PiCOTEE 

Prince of Orange 

Princess Ena 

^QuEEN Alexandra 

Ranunculus. Ranunculus-flowered. 

Rembrandt 

Rose Queen 

Royal Scarlet 

Salmon Queen 

Shell Pink 

Shirley 

Shrimp Pink 

Silver Lining 

Silver Queen . 

Snowdrift 

The Bride 

Trilby 

Victoria Louise 

Virginia 

White Shirley 

White Swan 
Papaw .... Asimina; A. triloba 

Papaya Carica; C. papaya 

Paper-mulberry 

Broussonetia ; B. papyrifera 
Papertree Edgeworthia 

Golden P E. chrysantha 

India P E. gardneri 

PAPHIOPEDILUM Cy 

CYPRIPEDIUM 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

PAPYRIUS Ag . BROUSSONETIA 



358 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



PAPYRUS CYPERUS 

Papyrus Cyperus papyrus 

Para Grass, Para Rubbertree, etc. 

See Grass, Rubbertree, etc. 
Paradise Broom (Cytisus scoparius 

andreanus'\ Cy) 
PARADISEA .... St.Brunolily 
liliastrum {Anthericum liliasirum) 
St.Brunolily 
Hort. var. of Paradisea: 

Great St.Brunolily {P. liliastrum 
major\ Cy; Anthericum gigan- 
teum) 
Paraguay Nightshade 

Solanum rantonetti 
Parasoltree 
Chinese P. . Sterculia platanifolia 
Mottled P. {S.'p. variegata^ Cy) 
PARDANTHUS . BELAMCANDA 

PARITIUM HIBISCUS 

PARKINSONIA . . . Parkinsonia 

aculeata 
Parkman Crab, Parkman Oriental 
Poppy, etc. See Crab, Poppy, 

PARMENTIERA 

cerifera Candletree 

PARNASSIA Parnassia 

asarifolia Brook P. 

calif omica . . . California P 
caroliniana .... Carolina P 
fimbriata . . Rocky Mountain P. 

PARONYCHIA .... Nailwort 
argyrocoma . . . Allegheny N. 

Parrot Alstroemeria, Parrot 
Pitcherplant, etc. See Alstroe- 
meria, PiTCHERPLANT, etC. 

Parrotbeak Clianthus 

Red P C. puniceus 

White P. Hort. var. of C. puni- 
ceus. 
Parrotfeather . . Myriophyllum 
Brazilian P. M. proserpinacoides 
Canada P. . . . M. verticillattim 

PARROTIA Parrotia 

jacquemontiana (Parrotiopsis jac- 
quemontiana Ar) 

Himalayan Parrotia 
persica Persian P. 



Parry Larkspur, Parry Pine, etc 
See Larkspur. Pine, etc. 

Parsley . Petroselinum ; P. hortense 

Parsley Hawthorn 

Crataegus apiifolia 

Parsnip .... Pastinaca; P. sativa 
Cow-parsnip .... Heracleum 

Parsons Arborvitae (Thuja occi- 
dentalis compacta\ Cy) 

PARSONSIA ....'. CUPHEA 

PARTHENOCISSUS Cy-Ag 

AMPELOPSIS 
Partridgeberry 

Mitchella; M. repens 
PAS AN I A .... LITHO CARPUS 
Pashi Pear Pyrus pashia 

PASPALUM 

dilatatum .... Dallis Grass 
Pasqueflower 

American P. 

Anemone patens nuttalliana 

European P. . . . A. Pulsatilla 

Red p. (A. Pulsatilla ruhra^ Cy) 

White P. Hort. var. of A. Pul- 
satilla, 
PASSIFLORA . . . Passionflower 

alato-caerulea (pfordti) 

caerulea .... Bluecrown P. 

See also hort. var. list below. 

coccinqa Scarlet P. 

edulis . . Purple Granadilla 
gracilis . Crinkled Passionflower 

igjiea P. manicata 

incamata Maypop 

laurifolia ( Yellow 

Granadilla Pom) Waterlemon 
ligularis . . . Sweet Granadilla 
lutea . . Yellow Passionflower 
manicata {ignea; Tacsonia mani- 
cata) . . . Red Passionflower 

militaris Soldier P. 

mollissima ( Tacsonia mollissima) 

SOFTLEAF p. 

multiformis . . Sweet-calabash 

pfordti P. alato-caerulea 

princeps P. racemosa 

quadrangularis Giant Granadilla 

racemosa (princeps) 

suberosa . Cork Passionflower 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. I T Alic=synonyms or unapproved names. 



PASSIFLORA— PEANUT 



359 



PASSIFLORA, continued 

vanvolxemi 

violacea . Violet Passionflower 

Hort. var. of Passionflower, Passi- 
flora: 
Constance Elliott. Hort. var. of 
P. caerulea. 

Passionflower .... Passiflora 
Bluecrown p. . . . P. caerulea 
Constance Elliott P. Hort. var. 
of P. caerulea. 

Cork P P. suberosa 

Crinkled P P. gracilis 

Granadilla . Passiflora species 

Maypop P. incamata 

Red P P. manicata 

Scarlet P P. coccinea 

Softleaf p. . .P. mollissima 

Soldier P P. militaris 

Sweet-calabash . P. multiformis 

Violet P P. violacea 

Waterlemon ... p. laurifolia 
Yellow P P. lutea 

Passionvine . . . Passionflower 

PASTINACA Parsnip 

sativa Parsnip 

Pasture Gooseberry, Pasture Rose, 
etc. See Gooseberry, Rose, etc. 
Patagonian Fitzroya 

Fitzroya patagonica 
Patience Dock . . Rumex patientia 
Paul English Hawthorn (Cratae- 
gus oxyacantha jpauli\ Cy) 

PAULLINIA Paullinia 

thalictrifolia . . . Meadowrue P. 

PAULO WNIA Paulownia 

tomentosa (imperialis) . Royal P. 

PAUROTIS 

See under PALM GENERA, page 355. 

PAVIA AESCULUS 

PAVONIA Pavonia 

hastata (Malache hastata Ag) 
Pax Ash .... Fraxinus paxiana 

Pea Lathyrus; Pisum 

Australian-pea Dolichos lignosus 

Black P Lathyrus niger 

Bridesmaid P. (L. latif alius grandi- 
florusf Cy) 

Small CAPiTAL8=approved common names. 



Pea, continued 

Butterfly-pea 

Centrosema; Clitoria 
Catjang-pea . . . Vigna catjang 
Chickpea . . Cicer; C. arietinum 
Common P. . . . Pisum sativum 

CowPEA Vigna 

Everlasting P. 

Lathyrus grandiflorus 
Lord Anson P. . L. magellanicus 

Perennial P L. latifolius 

Rosary-pea . . Abrus precatorius 
Royal Perennial P. {Lathyrus Mi- 
folius splendens'\ Cy) 

Scurf-pea Psoralea 

Senna-pea Swainsona 

Sweet P. . . . Lathyrus odoratus 
White Perennial P. (L. latifolius 
albus'l Cy) 
Peach . . . Amygdalus; A. persica 

For varieties of Peach cultivated for 
their fruit, see American Pomological 
Society's List of Fruits, in Appendix. 

Almond P. Hort. var. of Amyg- 
dalus. 

Bloodleaf p. Hort. var. of Amyg- 
dalus persica. 

Chinese Wild P. . .A. davidiana 

Chrysanthemum P. Hort. var. of 
A. persica. 

Double Red P. Hort. var. of A. 
persica. 

Double White P. Hort. var. of A. 
persica. 

Flat P. . . A. persica platycarpa 

Nectarine ... A. p. nectarina 

PuRPLELEAF P. Hort. var. of A. 
persica. 

Redflowering p. Hort. var. of A. 
persica. 

Whiteflowering P. Hort. var. of 
A. persica. 
Peachblow Thrift {Statice armeria 

splendens^ Cy) 
Peachleaf Bellflower, Peach- 
leaf Willow, etc. See Bell- 
flower, Willow, etc. 
Peacock Poppy . Papaver pavoninimi 
Peanut . . . Arachis; A. hypogaea 



Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (t) see page 1. 



360 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Pear Pyrus 

For varieties of Pear cultivated for their 
fruit see American Pomological Society's 
List of Fruits, in Appendix. 

Almond P. . Pyrus amygdaliformis 

Alsatian P P. auricularis 

Balsam-pear Momordica charantia 
BiRCHLEAF P. . Pyrus betulaefolia 
Bretschneider p. 

P. bretschneideri 

Gallery P P. calleryana 

Common P P. communis 

Dusky P P. phaeocarpa 

Egg P P. ovoidea 

Hondo P. 

P. ussuriensis hondoensis 

Late P P. serotina 

Oleaster P. . . P. elaeagrifolia 

Pashi P P. pashia 

Pricklypear Opuntia 

ITssuRiAN P. . . Pyrus ussuriensis 
Willowleaf p. . . P. salicifolia 

Pear Hawthorn 

Crataegus tomentosa 

Pearce Begonia . . Begonia pearcei 

Pearl Acacia, Pearl Everlasting, 
etc. See Acacia, Everlasting, 
etc. 

Pearlbush Exochorda 

Common P E. grandiflora 

Redbud P E. giraldi 

Turkestan P. . . E. korolkowi 
Wilson P. . . E. giraldi wilsoni 

Pearleaf Crab . . Malus prunifolia 

Pearlstripe Flaxlily (Phormium 
cookianum variegatumi Cy) 

Pearlwort . . Sagina; S. subulata 

Pea-shrub Caragana 

Dwarf P C. pygmaea 

LiTTLELEAF P. . . C. microphylla 
Mongolian P. . . . C. chamlagu 
Pea-tree . . . Caragana species 
Russian Pea-shrub . . C. frutex 

Peatpink . . . Silene pennsylvanica 

Pea-tree 

Siberian P. Caragana arborescens 
Weeping P. (C. a. pendula^ Cy) 

Pecan Hicoria pecan 

For cultivated varieties of Pecan see 
American Pomological Society's List of 
Fruits and Nuts, in Appendix. 

PEDICULARIS . . . WOODBETONY 

canadensis Early W. 



PEDICULARIS, continued 

lanceolata . Swamp Woodbetony 
palustris .... European W. 
PEDIOCACTUS 

simpsoni (Echinocactus simpsoni) 
Snowball Cactus 
Peegee Hydrangea ( Hydrangea pan- 

.iculata grandiflora] Cy) 
Peking Cotoneaster, Peking Haw- 
thorn, etc. See Cotoneaster, 
Hawthorn, etc. 
PELARGONIUM 

Pelargonium, Geranium 

acerifolium {Geranium citriodorum) 

Mapleleaf Geranium 

domesticum Lady Washington G. 

graveolens Rose G. 

hortorum Fish G. 

odoratissimum . . Nutmeg G. 

peltatum Ivyleaf G. 

zonale {Geranium zonale) 

Horseshoe G. 
PELECYPHORA 

aselliformis . . Hatchet Cactus 
pectinata 
Pelicanflower 

Aristolochia grandiflora 
Great P. . . . A. g. sturtevanti 

PELLAEA Cliffbrake 

atropurpurea .... Purple C. 
densa Cy . . Cheilanthes siliquosa 
falcata . Australian Cliffbrake 
gracilis . . Cryptogramma stelleri 
viridis {Pteris adiantoides) 

Green Cliffbrake 

PELTANDRA .... Arrow-arum 
virginica (P. undulata Cy) 

Virginia A. 

PENIOCEREUS 

greggi {Cereus greggi) 

Deerhorn Cactus 
PENNISETUM 

alopecuroides (P. japonicum Cy; 

Gymnothrix japonica) 
atrosanguineum 

Crimson Fountain Grass 

Hort. var. of P. ruppeli. 

cupreum . Purple Fountain G. 

Hort. var. of P. ruppeli. 

glaucum (P. americanum Cy; ty- 
phoideum) . . Pearl Mille;t 



PENNISETUM— PEPPER 



361 



PENNISETUM, continued 

latifolium {Gymnothrix latifolium) 

longistylum P. villosum 

macrophyllum . P. macrostachyum 
macro stachyum {macrophyllum) 

See also hort. var. list below. 

purpureum . . . Napier Grass 
ruppeli {ruppelianum; cupreum) 

Fountain G. 

See also hort. var. list below. 

typhoideum P. glaucum 

villosum {longistylum) Feathertop 
Hort. var. of Pemiisetum : 

Crimson Fountain Grass {atro- 
sanguineum). Hort. var. of P. 
ruppeli. 

Purple Fountain G. {cupreum) 
Hort. var. of P. ruppeli. 

Purple Pennisetum {macrostach- 
yum atropurpureum) 
Pennyroyal . . Mentha pulegium 

PENTSTEMON . . . Pentstemon 

acuminatus Stiff P. 

angustifolius {caeruleus) 

Narrowleaf p. 
antirrhinoides . . Snapdragon P. 
barbatus {Chelone barbata) 

— torreyi Cy P. torreyi 

caeruleus P. angustifolius 

campanulatus 

Common Pentstemon 
centranthifolius . Scarlet-bugler 
cobaea . . Cobaea Pentstemon 
cordifolius . . . Heartleaf P. 
cynanthus . . P. glaber cynanthus 
diffusus . Bushy Pentstemon 
digitalis . . P. laevigatus digitalis 
glaber . . . Blue Pentstemon 
— cynanthus 

gloxinioides .... Gloxinia P. 
grandiflorus . . . Shell-leaf P. 

hartwegi Hartweg P 

heterophyllus .... Violet P. 
hirsutus {pubescens) . Eastern P. 

labrosus Longlip P. 

laevigatus Smooth P. 

— digitalis .... Foxglove P. 
murrayanus .... Cupleaf P. 

ovatus Eggleaf P. 

palmeri Palmer P. 

pubescens P. hirsutus 



PENTSTEMON, continued 

puniceus 

Scarletfunnel Pentstemon 
secundiflorus 

smalli Smalls P. 

spectabilis Showy P. 

torreyi {P. barbatus torreyi Cy) 

Torrey p. 
tubifiorus Tube P. 

Pentstemon .... Pentstemon 

Blue P P. glaber 

Bushy P P. diffusus 

Cobaea P P. cobaea 

Common P. . . P. campanulatus 
Cupleaf P. . , . P. murrayanus 

Eastern P P. hirsutus 

Eggleaf P P. ovatus 

Foxglove P. 

P. laevigatus digitalis 
Gloxinia P. . . P. gloxinioides 
Hartweg P. . . . P. hartwegi 
Heartleaf P. . . P. cordifolius 
Longlip P P. labrosus 

' Narrowleaf P. . P. angustifolius 

Palmer P P. palmeri 

Scarlet-bugler 

P. centranthifolius 
Scarletfunnel P. . P. puniceus 
Shell-leaf P. . P. grandiflorus 

Showy P P. spectabilis 

Smalls P P. smalli 

Smooth P P. laevigatus 

Snapdragon P. P. antirrhinoides 

Stiff P P. acuminatus 

Torrey P P. torreyi 

Tube P P. tubiflorus 

Violet P. . . . P. heterophyllus 

Peony Paeonia 

For horticultural varieties see under 
Paeonia, page 343. 

Chinese P P. albiflora 

Common P P. officinalis 

Coral P P. corallina 

Fringed P P. tenuifolia 

Golden P P. lutea 

Tree P P. suffruticosa 

PEPEROMIA Pepehomia 

maculosa Spotted P. 

Pepino .... Solanum muricatum 

Pepper Piper 

Black P P. nigrum 

Redpepper Capsicum 



362 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Peppergrass Lepidium 

Peppermint .... Mentha piperita 
Peppermint Gum Eucalyptus odorata 

Peppertree Schinus 

Brazilian P. . S. terebinthifolius 

California P S. molle 

Peppervine . . Ampelopsis arborea 

Pepperwort Marsilea 

PERAMIUM Ag . . GOODYERA 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

PERDICIUM Ag . . . GERBERA 
Perennial Flax, Perennial Hon- 
esty, etc. See Flax, Honesty, 
etc. 

PERESKIA Pereskia 

aculeata Bladeapple 

grandifolia (hleo) . Bush Pereskia 

nicoyana 

subulata . . . Opuntia subulata 

PERILLA Perilla 

frutescens Green P. 

Hort. var. of Perilla: 

Cutleaf p. (atropurpurea ; P. fru- 
tescens laciniata] Cy) 
Purple P, (P. frutescens nankinen- 
sis] Cy) 

PERIPLOCA SiLKviNE 

graeca Grecian S. 

sepium Chinese S. 

PERISTERIA 

elata .... Holy-ghost-flower 

PERISTROPHE 
speciosa 

Periwinkle Vinca 

BiGLEAF P V. major 

Butterfly P. {Vinca minor varie- 

gata-\ Cy) 

Common P V. minor 

Double Common P. (F. m. flore- 

pleno Cy) 
Gentian P. (F. m. caerulea] Cy) 
Herbaceous P. . . V. herbacea 

Madagascar P V. rosea 

Mottled P. {Vinca major varie- 

gata] Cy) 
Purple P. Hort. var. of V. minor 
SiLVERLEAF P. Hort. var. of V. 

minor. 



Periwinkle, continued 

White Common P. {Vinca minor 

alba] Cy) 
Whitespot p. (F. major elegantis- 

sima] Cy) 

PERNETTYA Pernettya 

mucronata .... Broadleaf P. 
Perpetual Begonia, Perpetual 

Locust, etc. See Begonia, 

Locust, etc. 

PERSEA Persea 

americana {graiissima) . Avocado 
borbonia {carolinensis) . Redbay 

indica Madeira-bay 

leiogjnia .... Trapp Avocado 

For horticultural varieties of Avocado, 
see American Pomological Society's 
List of Fruits, in Appendix. 

Persian Buttercup, Persian Cy- 
clamen, etc. See Buttercup, 
Cyclamen, etc, 

PERSICA .... AMYGDALUS 
Persimmon Diospyros 

For varieties of Persimmon cultivated 
for their fruit, see American Pomological 
Society's List of Fruits, in Appendix, 

Common P D. virginiana 

Dateplum D. lotus 

Kaki p. {Kaki Pom) . . D. kaki 

Mountain P D. montana 

Peruvian Groundcherry, Peru- 
vian Maidenhair, etc. See 
Groundcherry, Maidenhair, 
etc. 
PESCA TORE A . ZYGOPETALUM 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

PETALOSTEMUM . Prairieclover 

candidum White P. 

decumbens . . . Tennessee P. 
villosimi Silky P. 

PETASITES Butterbur 

fragrans Sweet B. 

japonica Japanese B. 

Hort. var. of Petasites: 

Giant Butterbur (P. japonica 
gigantea] Cy) 
PETRORHAGIA Ag . . . TUNICA 
PETROSELINUM .... Parsley 

hortense Parsley 



BOLD-face^approved scientific names. jrAZic=synonyms or unapproved names. 



PETSAI— PHILADELPHUS 



363 



Petsai Cabbage Brassica pekinensis 
Petticoat Daffodil 

Narcissus bulbocodium 

PETUNIA Petunia 

hybrida Common P. 

There are many varieties of Petunia in 
the trade, but their names have not yet 
been standardized. 

Peyote . . . Lophophora williamsi 
Pfitzer Juniper (Juniperus chinen- 
sis 'pfitzeriana\ Cy) 

PHACELIA Phacelia 

campanularia . . . Harebell P. 

conge sta 

linearis (Eutoca muliiflora) 

Threadleaf p. 

parryi Parry P. 

tanacetifolia Tansy P. 

viscida {Eutoca viscida) 
whitlavia (P. minor whitlavia Ag; 
Whitlavia grandiflora) 

Bluebell Phacelia 
Hort. var. of Phacelia: 

Gloxinia P. {P. whitlavia gloxini- 
oides\ Cy; Whitlavia gloxinioides) 

PHAEDRANTHUS Cy-Ag 

BIGNONIA 

PHAIUS PHAJUS 

PHAJUS 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

PHALAENOPSIS . . Moth-orchid 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

PHALARIS 

arundinacea . Reed Canary Grass 
Hort. var. of Phalaris: 

Ribbon Grass (P. arundinacea 

jpicta] Cy; arundinacea variegata) 

PHARIUM Ag .... BESSERA 

PHASEOLUS Bean 

aconitifolius MothB. 

acutifolius latifolius . Tepary B. 

angularis Adzuki B. 

aureus Mung B. 

calcaratus Rice B. 

caracalla Snail B. 

coccineus {multiflorus) 

Scarlet Runner 

See also hort. var. list below. 

lunatus Civet Bean 



PHASEOLUS, continuod 

lunatus macrocarpus . Lima Bean 

metcalfei Ag P. retusus 

multijlorus P. coccineus 

nanus 

A name often applied, erroneously, to 
dwarf varieties of Phaseolus vulgaris. 

retusus (P. metcalfei Ag) 

Metcalfe Bean 

vulgaris Common 

Bean; Kidney B.; Haricot B. 
Hort. var. of Phaseolus: 

Butterfly Runner. Hort. var. of 

P. coccineus. 
White R. Hort. var. of P. coc- 
cineus. 
Pheasanteye Adonis autumnalis 
PHEGOPTERIS . . DRYOPTERIS 
PHELLODENDRON . . Corktree 

amurense Amur C. 

chinense Chinese C. 

sachalinense . . . Sakhalin C. 

PHILADELPHUS . . Mockorange 

brachybotrys {pekinensis hrachybo- 

trijs) 
— purpurascens Cy P. purpurascens 

cordif alius P. lewisi 

coronarius . Sweet Mockorange 
—acuminatus Cy . P. satsumanus 
— gordonianns . . P. gordonianus 
coulteri . Coulter Mockorange 
dianthiflorus ..... Double M. 

Hort. var. of P. coronarius. 

falconeri Star M. 

fioridus Beadle M. 

gordonianus {corotiariiis gordoni- 
anus) . . Gordon Mockorange 

grandiflorus (P. inodorus grandi- 
flor us] Cy) . Big Scentless M. 

The name P. grandiflorus is often ap- 
plied, erroneously, to P. pubescens and 
to Big Mockorange, hort. var. of P- 
coronarius. 

hirsutus . . Hairy Mockorange 

incanus Gr.\y M. 

inodorus .... Scentless M. 

See also hort. var. list below. 

latifolius P. pubescens 

laxus {speciosus) 

Drooping Mockorange 



Small CAPiTALS=approved common names. Abbreviations: (Ag) (.\r) (Cy) (t) see page 1. 



364 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



PHILADELPHUS, continued 

lemoinei Cy Lemoine Mockorange 

See hort. var. list below. 

lewisi (cordifolius) . . Lewis M. 
magdalenae . . . Magdalena M. 

mexicana Mexican M. 

microphyllus . . Littleleaf M. 
nanus .... Dwarf Sweet M. 

Hort. var. of P. coronarius. 

nepalensis Nepal M. 

nivalis Snowbank M. 

See hort. var. list below. 

pekinensis . Peking Mockorange 
— hrachyhotrys . . P. brachybotrys 
pubescens {latif alius) 

Hoary Mockorange 

The name P. pubescens is sometimes 
misapplied to P. laxus. 

purpurascens (P. hrachyhotrys pur- 
purascens Cy) 

PuRPLECUP Mockorange 
purpureomaculatus Purplespot M. 

See hort. var. list below. 

satsumanus {satsumi; P. coronarius 
acuminatus Cy) 

Satsumi Mockorange 
schrenki Schrenk M. 

See also hort. var. list below. 

sericanthus Silk M. 

speciosissimus . . Roundleaf M. 

Hort. var. of P. coronarius. 

speciosus p. laxus 

subcanus 

wilsoni . . Wilson Mockorange 
Hort. var, of Mockorange, Phila- 
delphus : 
Avalanche 
Banniere 
Big (Philadelphus coronarius grandi- 

florus-\ Cy) 
Boule d'Argent 
Bouquet Blanc 
Candelabre 

CoNQUfeTE 

Double (P. coronarius florepleno 
Cy; dianthiflorus ; coronarius di- 
anthiflorus) 

Dwarf Golden 

Dwarf Sweet (P. coronarius 
nanus'f Cy; nanus) 

Fantasie (phantasia) 

Gerbe de Neige 



PHILADELPHUS (Hort. var.), continued 

Girandole 

Golden (aureus; foliis aureis; cor- 
onarius aureus) 

Jack (P. schrenki jacki\ Cy) 

Juno {erectus; lemoinei erectus) 

Lemoine (P. lemoinei] Cy; coro- 
narius X microphyllus) 

Manteau d'Hermine 

Maximus 

Mont Blanc 

NuEE Blanche 

Pavillon Blanc 

Perle Blanche 

Purplespot (P. phantasia pur- 
pureomaculatus Cy; purpureo- 
maculatus) 

Romeo 

Rosace 

Roundleaf (P. coronarius specio- 
sissi7nus-\ Cy) 

Snowbank (nivalis) 

Souvenir de Billiard (hillardi; 
insignis) 

Splendens 

Virginal 

VoiE Lactee 

WiLLOWLEAF (P. coronorius salici- 
f alius] Cy) 

Zeyher (zeyheri) 
PHILIBERTIA . . . Philibertia 

clausa (Funastrum clausum Ag) 

Sweet P. 
PHILLYREA (FILARIA) Phillyrea 

angustifolia . . Narrowleaf P. 

decora Lanceleaf P. 

latifolia Broadleaf P. 

PHILODENDRON . Philodendron 

bipinnatifidum 

giganteum .... Climbing P. 

spectabile Velvet P. 

PHILOTRIA ELODEA 

PHLEBODIUM . POLYPODIUM 
PHLEUM Timothy 

pratense Timothy 

PHLOMIS . . . Jerusalem-sage 

tuberosa 
PHLOX Phlox 

amoena Amoena P. 

arendsi Arends P. 



PHLOX 



365 



PHLOX, continued 

argillacea 

Carolina P. ovata 

cuspidata 

This name is often used, erroneously, for 
P. pilosa and for Star Phlox, hort. var. 
of P. drummondi. 

decussata 

A gardener's name for the group of 
horticultural varieties of P. maculata 
and P. paniculata X P. maculata. 

divaricata ..... Blue Phlox 
drummondi .... Drummond P. 

See also special list below. 

glaberrima Smooth P. 

— suffruticosa 

See also special list below. 

grandiflora 

This name is often applied, erroneously, 
to Big Drummond Phlox and to Big 
Moss Phlox, both in the hort. var. list 
below. 

maculata . Sweet William Phlox 
ovata {Carolina) . . Mountain P. 
paniculata Garden P. 

See also special list below. 

pilosa Downy P. 

reptans P. stolonifera 

stellaria .... Mauve Phlox 
siellaris Star P. 

Hort. var. of P. drummondi. 

Stolonifera {reptans) . Creeping P. 
subulata Moss P. 

See also special list below. 
suffruticosa 

P. glaberrima suffruticosa 
Hort. var. of Phlox: 

Because of the large number of horti- 
cultural varieties of Phlox, the common- 
name list and the hort. var. list have 
been combined in the special list below. 

Phlox Phlox 

Except as otherwise indicated the plants 
included in this list are horticultural 
varieties of Phlox paniculata or hybrids 
between that species and P. maculata. 
Hort. var. of P. glaberrima suffruticosa 
have the abbreviation Suf . ; P. subulata, 
Sub.; P. drummondi, Drum.; P. arendsi, 
Ar.; P. divaricata, Div. 

Adonis 

Aetna 

Africa 

Albatre 

Albert Leteau 

Albion 



Phlox, continued 

Alcestes 

Amanda. Ar. 

Amaranth 

Amoena p. p. amoena. 

Amphitryon 

Annie Cook 

Antonin Merci6 

Aquilon 

Arends p. p. arendsi. 

Arete 

Argon 

Asia 

ASTIER ReHU 
ASTRILD 

Athis 

Atlas 

August Fremiet 

Aurora Borealis 

Australia 

Bacchante 

Balzac 
' Baron von Dedem 

B. Comte 

Beacon 

Beranger 

Berenice 

Big Drummond. Drum. P. drum- 
mondi rotundata'i Cy. 

Big Moss. Sub. P. subulata gran- 
diflora] Cy. 

Black Warrior 

Blanc Nain 

Blue P. P. divaricata. 

Blue Hill 

Boule de Feu 

Bouquet Fleuri 

Brantome 

Bridesmaid 

Brilliant 

Brogniart 

Cameron 

Canada. Divaricata canadensis. 

Candeur 

Caractacus 

Caran d'Ache 

Cendrillon 

Chamois Rose 

Champion Veribest 

Champs Elysee 

Charles Darwin 

Charlotte. Ar. 



366 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Phlox, continued 

Charlotte Saison 
Chateaubriand 
Chatrain 
Clara Benz 

COLIBRI 

CoMTE Ungerer Sternberg 
Comte von Hochberg. Von Hoch- 

BERG. 
COQUELICOT 
CORNELIE DOTTER 

Creeping P. P. stolonifera. 

Crepuscle 

Cyrano 

Czarina 

Daniel Leseuer 

Daubigny 

Dawn 

Daybreak 

Delarey 

De Mirbel 

Diplomat 

Divaricata canadensis. Canada. 

Downy P. P. pilosa. 

Dr. Charcot 

Drummond p. p. dnimmondi. 

Duguesclin 

eclaireur 

Edmond Bossier 

Edmond Rostand 

Edward Lockroy 

Eiffel Tower 

Electra 

Elizabeth Campbell 

Embrasement 

Emil Kranz 

Emile Littre 

Epopee 

Esclamonde 

Etna 

Ettas Choice 

Eugene Danzanvilliers 

Europe 

Evelyn 

Eventide. Sub. 

Fannie Stuart 

Faust 

Fernand Cortez 

Feu du Monde 

Fiancee 



Phlox, continued 

Fireball. Drum. 

Flambeau 

Flora Hornung 

Florence 

Fort de France 

Frau Ackerknecht 

Frau Anton Buchner 

Frau Richard Gross 

Frdulein von Lassburg. Lassburg 

Freya 

Garden P. P. paniculata. 

Gefion 

General Chanzy 

General van Heutz 

Georges Stroehlein 

G. F. Wilson. Sub. 

GiRONDIN 
GiSMONDA 

Gladstone 

Glenwood 

Gloire de Maroc 

Glow 

Goethe. Wolfgang von Goethe. 

Goliath 

Greta. Ar. 

Grideur 

Gruppenkoenigin 

GUSTAVE NaDAUD 

Hajo Filers 
Hanny Pfleiderer 
Hector 
Helene. Ar. 
Helene Vacaresco 
Henri Martin 
Henri Murger 
Henri Regnault 
Hercules. Suf. 
Hermina 
Heroine 
Hervor 
H. Menior 

HODUR 

Hortense 

H. O. Wijers 

Iduna 

Imperator 

Independence. Mrs. Jenkins. 

Indian Chief. Suf. 

Ingeborg 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. 7r^^ic=synonyms or unapproved names. 



PHLOX 



367 



Phlox, continued 

Inspector Elpel 
Iris 

ISABELLINA. DrUIIl. 
ISABEY 

James Bennett 
James Galloway 
Japonaise 
Jean Dupois 
Jeanne d'Arc 
J. H. Slocum 

JOCELYN 

Jordan 
Joseph Barr 
Josephine Gerbeaux 
Jules Breton 
Jules Cambon 
Jules Sandeau 
Julius Heurlin 
Kathe. Ar. 
Katinka Beeli 
La France 

L'AlGLON 

Lamartine 

Laniboire 

Lapham. Div. 

Lassburg. Frdulein von Lassburg. 

La Vague 

Le Cygne 

Le Mahdi 

Le Mauve 

Leonardo da Vinci 

Le Pole du Nord 

Le Printemps 

Le Prophete 

Le Siecle 

Le Soleil 

L'Esperance 

l'evenement 

Lilac Moss. Sub. P. subulata li- 

lacina'\ Cy. 
Little Dot. Sub. 
Lofna 

LOKI 

Lothair 
Louise. Ar. 
Louise Abbema 
Lumineux 
Luster 
Madagascar 



Phlox, continued 

Magician 

Magnificence. Suf. 
Maid Marian 
Manzelbrunner 
Marg arete Gloss 

M armor ATA 

Marquise de St. Paul 

Mary Wilkins 

Matador 

Mauve P. P. stellaria. 

Mauve Queen 

Meteor 

Michael Buchner 

Minerva 

Miramer 

Miss Ellen Willmott 

Miss Lingard. Suf. 

Miss Miller. Suf. 

Miss Pemberton 

MmE. BeNZ ANSON 

Mme. Cornudet 
'Mme. Mellinger 
Mme. Meuret 
Mme. Pape Carpentier 
Mme. Paul Dutrie 
Mme. Prosper Langier 
Model. Sub. 
Moerheim. Sub, 
MoNS. Graham 
Mont Blanc. Suf. 

MONTAGNARD. 

Moss p. p. subulata. 

Mountain P. P. ovata. 

Mozart 

Mrs. Arnold Turner 

Mrs. Charles Dorr 

Mrs. Cook 

Mrs. Ingalls 

Mrs. Jenkins. Independence. 

Mrs. Oliver 

Nelson Moss. Sub. P. subulata 

nelsoni] Cy. 
Norwood 

Obergartner Wittig 
Ornament 

OSTARIS 
O. WiTTICH 

Pantheon 
Papillon 



Small CAPiTALS=approved common names. Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (f) see page 1. 



368 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Phlox, continued 

Paul Fliche 

Paul Martin 

Peachblossom 

Peachblow 

Pearl 

Perfection. Suf. 

Pharaon 

Pink Beauty 

Pluto 

Premier Ministre 

Princess Louise 

Professor Schliemann 

Professor Virchow 

Purity 

Purple Moss. Sub. P. suhulata 
atropurpurea^ Cy. 

Purple Queen. Suf. 

Pyramid 

Queen 

Redacteur Flammer 

Redoubt 

Rheinlander 

Richard Strauss 

Richard Wallace 

Riechenau. Schlossgaertner Rieche- 
nau. 

RijNSTROOM. Rynstrom; Rhein- 
strom. 

RivERTON Jewel 

Robert Werner 

Roi DEs Massifs 

Rose Moss. Sub. Suhulata rosea. 

Rosenberg 

Rosetta 

Rossignol 

Rosy Gem. Suf. 

R. P. Struthers 

Rynstrom. Rijnstroom. 

Saison Lierval 

Salome 

Sarabande 

Sayorgnan de Brazza 

Schlossgaertner Riechenau. Rieche- 
nau. 

Selma 

Seraph. Sub. 

SlEBOLD 

Sigrid Arnoldson 
Sir Edwin Lantjseer 
Smooth P. P. glaberrima. 
Snowball. Drum. 



Phlox, continued 

Snowdon. Suf. 

Sommerkleid 

Sprite. Sub. 

Stanislas 

Star. Drum. P. drummondi stel- 
lar is] Cy. 

Stella Choice 

Suffrage 

Sunshine 

Superb. Superbians. 

Sweet William P. P. maculata. 

Tapis Blanc 

Terre Neuve 

Thebaide 

The Bride. Sub. 

Thor 

Tragedian. Tragedii. 

Vesuvius 

Victor 

Viking 

Violetta 

Vivid. Sub. 

Von Hochberg. Comte von Hoch- 
berg. 

Walter Groff 

Wanadis 

W. C. Egan 

White Lady 

White Moss. Sub. Subulata alba. 

WiDAR 

William Muhle 
William Ramsey 
William Robinson 
Wolfgang von Goethe. Goethe. 
Zouave 
Phoenicean Juniper 

Juniperus phoenicea 

PHOENICOPHORIUM Ag 

STEVENSONIA 

PHOENIX Date Palm 

canariensis . . Canary Date P. 
dactylifera . Date P. 

For varieties of the cultivated Date, the 
fruit of the Date Palm, see American 
Pomological Society's List of Fruits, in 
Appendix. 

humilis (P. ouselyana Ag) 

Dwarf Date Palm 

leonensis P. reclinata 

ouseleyana Ag . . . . P. humilis 
pumila 



PHOENIX— PHYSALIS 



369 



PHOENIX, continued 

reclinata (leonensis) 

Senegal Date Palm 

roebelini Roebelin P. 

nipicola Cliff Date P. 

sylvestris .... India Date P. 
zeylanica .... Ceylon Date P. 

PHOLIDIOTA 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

PHORADENDRON 

flavescens . American Mistletoe 

PHORMIUM Flaxlily 

cookianum Green F. 

tenax New Zealand F. 

Hort. var. of Phormium: 

Pearlstripe Flaxlily (P. cookia- 
num variegatum\ Cy) 

PHOTINIA Photinia 

arbutifolia (P. salicifolia Ag; Het- 
eromeles arbutifolia Ar) 

Christmasberry ^ 
japonica- . . Eriobotrya japonica 
semilata •. . . . Low Photinia 
villosa 
— laevis 

PHRAGMOPEDILUM Cy 

CYPRIPEDIUM 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

Phrygian Iris .... Iris biliotti 

PHYLLANTHUS 

acidus (disticha) 

(Iba Pom) Star-gooseberry 

nivosus Star Snowbush 

Hort. var. of Phyllanthus : 

Khedive Snowbush (P. nivosus 

atropurpureus'\ Cy) 
Mottled S. (P. 7i. roseopiclus] Cy) 

PHYLLAUREA Ag . CODIAEUM 

PHYLLITIS 

scolopendrium (Scolopendrium vul- 
gare) Hartstongue 

PHYLLOCACTUS . EPIPHYLLUM 

biformis . . . Disocactus biformis 

PHYLLOSTACHYS 

aurea Cy 

Golden Japanese Bamboo 

Hort. var. of P. bambusoides. 



PHYLLOSTACHYS, continued 

bambusoides {quilioi ; Bamhusn qui- 
lioi) Japanese Timber Bamboo 

See also hort. var. list below. 

castillonis Cy . . . Castillo B. 

Hort. var. of P. bambusoides. 

henonis Cy P. nigra 

marliacea Cy . Wrinkled Bamboo 

Hort. var. of P. bambusoides. 

mitis (pubescens; edulis; Bambusa 
mitis) Moso Bamboo 

nigra (P. henonis Cy; puberula, 
Bambusa henonis; B. nigra) 

Blackjoint Bamboo 

The name Phyllostachys nigra is often 
applied erroneously to Black Bamboo, 
hort. var. of Blackjoint Bamboo. See 
hort. var. list below. 

puberula P. nigra 

pubescens P. mitis 

quilioi P. bambusoides 

ruscifolia {Bambusa vimiyialis) 

Dwarf Cane 
violescens (P. violescens) 

Violet Bamboo 
viridi-glaucescens (B. viridi-glau- 
cescens) 
Hort. var. of Phyllostachys: 

BlackBamboo (P.wi^raCy). Hort. 

var. of P. nigra. 
Blackspot B. (P. n. punctata] Cy) 
Castillo B. (P. bambusoides castil- 
lonis\; P. castillonis Cy; Bam- 
busa castillonis) 
Golden Japanese B. (P. b. aurea]] 
P. aurea Cy; Bambusa aurea; B. 
mazeli) 
Wrinkled B. (P. b. marliacea] ; P. 
marliacea Cy) 
PHYLLOTAENIUM 

XANTHOSOMA 

PHYMATODES Cy POLYPODIUM 

PHYMOSIA Ag . SPHAERALCEA 

PHYSALIS . . . Groundcherry 

alkekengi . . . Strawberry G. 

bunyardi Bunyard G. 

edulis . . . Cape-gooseberry 
francheti Lantern Groundcherry 

ixocarpa Tomatillo 

peruviana (Poha 

Pom) Peruvian Groundcherry 
pubescens Common G. 



370 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



PHYSOCARPUS . . . NiNEBARK 
bracteatus (Opulaster hracteatus Ag) 

TwiNPOD NiNEBARK 

glabratus (0. glabratus Ag) 
intermedius (0. intermedius Ag) 

Illinois N. 
malvaceus (0. malvaceus Ag) 

Mallow N. 
monogynus (0, monogynus Ag) 
opulifolius (0. opulifolius Ag; iSpi- 
raea opulijolia) 

Common Ninebark 
Hort. var. of Physocarpus : 

GOLDLEAF NiNEBARK (P, OpuU- 

folius luteus'l Cy; aureus) 
PHYSOSIPHON 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

PHYSOSTEGIA False-dragonhead 
speciosa . . P. virginiana speciosa 
virginiana (virginica; Dracoceph- 
alum virginianum Ag) 

Virginia False-dragonhead 
— speciosa . . Tall Cluster F. 
Hort. var. of Physostegia: 
White False-dragonhead (P. vir- 
giniana alha\ Cy) 

PHYTOLACCA . . . Pokeberry 
americana {decandra) . Common P. 

PIAROPUS Ag . . EICHHORNIA 

PICEA Spruce 

ahies Ag-Ar P. excelsa 

ojanensis P. jezoensis 

alba P. canadensis 

alcockiana (P. hicolor Cy- Ag-Ar; 
Abies alcockiana) 

Alcock Spruce 

bicolor Cy-Ag-Ar . . P. alcockiana 

canadensis {alba; P. glauca Ag-Ar) 

White Spruce 

— albertiana .... Alberta S. 

See also hort. var. list opposite. 

conica . Arrowhead Norway S. 

Hort. var. of P. excelsa. 

douglasi . . Pseudotsuga douglasi 
engelmanni . Engelmann Spruce 

See also hort. var. list opposite. 

excelsa (P. abies Ag-Ar; Abies ex- 
celsa) .... Norway Spruce 

See also hort. var. list opposite. 



PICEA, continued 

glauca Ag-Ar ... P. canadensis 
glehni .... Sakhalin Spruce 
jezoensis (ajanensis) . Yeddo S. 
— hondoensis .... Hondo S. 
kosteriana . . . Koster Blue S. 

Hort. var. of P. pungens. 

mariana (nigra) . . , Black S. 

See also hort. var. list below. 

maximowiczi . Japanese Bush S. 

menziesi P. sitchensis 

morinda P. smithiana 

nigra P. mariana 

obovata . . . Siberian Spruce 

omorika Serbian S. 

orientalis (Abies orientalis) 

Oriental S. 

See also hort. var. list below. 

parry ana P. pungens 

polita .... Tigertail Spruce 

pungens (parryana; Abies pungens) 

Colorado Spruce 

See also hort. var. list below. 

rubens Ag P. rubra 

rubra (P. rubens Ag) . Red Spruce 

sargentiana Sargent S. 

schrenkiana Schrenk S. 

sitchensis (menziesi; Abies men- 
ziesi) Sitka Spruce 

smithiana (morinda) Himalayan S. 
Hort. var. of Picea: 

Arrowhead Norway Spruce (P. 
excelsa conica\ Cy; conica) 

Barry S. (P. excelsa clanbrasiliana\ 
Cy; barryi) 

Blue Colorado S. (P. pungens 
glauca^ Cy) 

Blue Engelmann S. (P. engel- 
manni glauca'l Cy) 

Burly Norway S. (excelsa robusta) 

Cranston Norway S. (excelsa cran- 
stoni) 

Doumet S. (Picea mariana dou- 
meti\ Cy) 

Dwarf Alberta S. (P. glauca con- 
ica kr) Hort. var. of P. canadensis. 

Dwarf Colorado S. (P. pungens 
compacta^ Cy) 

Dwarf Pyramid S. (excelsa parvi- 
formis) 



BOLD-face=approved scientific names. /r^Zic=synonyms or unapproved names. 



PICEA— PINE 



371 



PICEA (Hort. var.), continued 

Ellwanger Spruce (P. excelsa 

ellwangeriana\ Cy) 
FiNEDON S. (P. e. finedonensis\ Cy) 
Globe Norway S. (P. excelsa com- 

pacta\ Cy) 
Golden Colorado S. (P. pungens 

aurea] Cy) 
Golden Norway S. (P. excelsa 

aurea'\ Cy) 
Golden White S. {canadensis 

aurea) 
Gregory S. (Picea excelsa gregory- 

ana\ Cy) 
Knight S. (excelsa elegans) 
KosTER Blue S. (P. pungens kos- 

teri] Cy; kosteriana) 
Maxwell S. {Picea excelsa max- 

welli] Cy) 
Merk S. {excelsa merki) 
Prostrate Norway S. (P. excelsa 

procumhens^ Cy) 
Pygmy Norway S. (P. excelsa pyg- 

maea] Cy) 
Pyramidal Black S, (P. mariana 

fastigiata\ Cy) 
Pyramidal Norway S. (P. excelsa 

pyramidalis^ Cy) 
Remont S. (P. e. remonti] Cy) 
Silver Colorado S. (P. pungens 

argentea] Cy) 
Silver Norway S. (P. excelsa ar- 

genteospicata\ Cy) 
Silver White S. (P. canadensis 

caerulea^ Cy) 
Smith Norway S. {excelsa smithi) 
Weeping Blue S. (P. pungens 

glauca pendula Cy) 
Weeping Norway S. (P. excelsa 

pendula\ Cy) 
Yellowtip Oriental S. (P. orien- 

talis aureospicata\ Cy) 
Pickerelweed 

Pontederia; P. cordata 
Pickles 
Little-pickles 

Othonna crassifolia 

PICRASMA 

quassioides {Rhus ailanihoides) 

Small CAPiTALS=approved common names. 



Piebald Dogwood {Cornus sangninea 

variegata] Cy) 
Pied Gazania . Gazania splendens 
Piedmont Azalea, Piedmont Rho- 
dodendron, etc. See Azalea, 
Rhododendron, etc. 

PIERIS 

floribunda {Andromeda florihunda) 
Mountain Andromeda 
japonica {A. japonica) 

Japanese A. 
lucida {A. nitida; A. coriacea; 
Neopieris nitida; Lyonia nitida) 
Fetterbush 
mariana {A. mariana; Lyonia ma- 
riana; Neopieris mariana 

Staggerbush 

Pignut Hicoria glabra 

Pikow Spirea . Spiraea pikowiensis 
Pilgrim Sundrops 

Oenothera pilgrimi 
Pillar Ixia . . . Ixia columellaris 

PILOCEREUS CEPHALOCEREUS 
PILOGYNE .... MELOTHRIA 
PILUMNA . . . TRICHOPILIA 

See ORCHID GENERA. 

PIMELEA Riceflower 

ferruginea {Banksia ferruginea Ag) 
Rosy Riceflower 

PIMENTA 

officinalis Allspice 

Pimpernel Anagallis 

Flaxleaf P A. linifolia 

PIMPINELLA Anise 

anisum Anise 

Pin Cherry, Pin Oak, etc. See 

Cherry, Oak, etc. 
Pincushion 

Devils-pincushion 

Echinocactus texensis 
PiNDO Palm .... Cocos australis 
PiNDROW Fir . . . Abies pindrow 

Pine Pinus 

Aleppo P P. halepensis 

Arizona P P. arizonica 

Armand P P. armandi 

Austrian P P. nigra 

Bishop P P. muricata 

Abbreviations: (Ag) (Ar) (Cy) (t) see page^l. 



372 



STANDARDIZED PLANT NAMES 



Pine, continued 

Blue White P. (Pinus strobus 

glauca] Cy) 
Bristlecone p. . . Pinus aristata 
Canary P. . . . P. canariensis 

Chinese P P. sinensis 

Cluster P P. pinaster 

CoRSiCAN P. . P. nigra poiretiana 

Coulter P P. coulteri 

Cypress-pine . . Callitris robusta 

Dammar-pine Agathis 

Digger P. . . . Pinus sabiniana 
Dwarf White P. (Pinus strobus 

nana] Ar.) 

Foxtail P P. balfouriana 

Golden Japanese P. (P. densiflora 

aurea\ Cy) 
Golden Scotch P. (P. sylvestris 

aurea] Cy) 
Golden White P. (P. strobus 

aurea] Cy) 
Graybark p. . Pinus leucodermis 
Groundpine 

Lycopodium obscurum 
Himalayan P. . . . Pinus excelsa 
Italian Stone P. ... P. pinea 

Jack P P. banksiana 

Japanese Black P. . P. thunbergi 
Japanese Red P. . P. densiflora 
Japanese Globe P. Hort. var. of 

P. densiflora. 
Japanese Umbrella P. (P. d. 

umbraculifera] Cy) 
Japanese White P. P. parviflora 

Jeffrey P P. jeffreyi 

Kauri-pine . . Agathis australis 
Knobcone p. . . Pinus attenuata 

Korean P P. koraiensis 

Lacebark p. ... p. bungeana 
Large Swiss P. 

P. montana uncinata 

Limber P P. flexilis 

Loblolly P P. taeda 

LoDGEPOLE P. . , P. murrayana 
LoNGLEAF p. . . . p. palustris 

Macedonian P P. pence 

Mexican Stone P. P. cembroides 
Mexican White P. P. ayacahuite 

Monterey P P. radiata 

Mugho p. . P. montana mughus 

NORFOLK-ISLAND-PINE 

Araucaria excelsa 



Pine, continued 

Norway P. Red Pine 

Nut P Pinus edulis 

Parry P P. parryana 

Pitch P P. rigida 

Pond P P. serotina 

Pyramidal White P. (P. strobus 
fastigiata\ Cy) 

Red P P. resinosa 

Riga P. . . .P. sylvestris rigensis 
Rocky Mountain Yellow P. 

P. ponderosa scopulorum 
Runningpine 

Lycopodium clavatum 
Scotch P. . . Pinus sylvestris 

Screwpine Pandanus 

Scrub P. . . . Pinus virginiana 

Shore P P. contorta 

Shortleaf p. . . . P. echinata 
Shrubby Swiss P. 

P. montana pumilio 
Singleleaf p. . P. monophylla 

Sugar P P. lambertiana 

Swiss Mountain P. . P. montana 
Swiss Stone P. ... P. cembra 
Table Mountain P. . P. pungens 

Torrey P P. torreyana 

Umbrella-pine 

Sciadopitys verticillata 
Variegated Nut P. {Pinus edulis 

albovariegnta] Cy) 
Waterer p. Hort. var. of P. 

sylvestris. 
Weeping Japanese P. {Pinus 

densiflora pendula't Cy) 
Weeping Yellow P. (P. ponder- 
osa pendula] Cy) 
Western White P. P. monticola 
Western Yellow P. P. ponderosa 

White P P. strobus 

Whitebark p. . . p. albicaulis 
Whitetip Japanese P. (P. densi- 
flora alboterminata] Cy) 
Yunnan P. P. sinensis yunnanensis 
Pineapple .... Ananas sativus 

For cultivated varieties of Pineapple 
see American Pomological Society's 
List of Fruits, in Appendix. 

Pinewoods Coneflower, Pinewoods 
Grape, etc. See Coneflower, 
Grape, etc. 



PINK— PINUS 



373 



Pink Dianthus 

Abbotsford p. Hort. var. of Di- 
anthus. 

Blood P D. cruentus 

Bordered P. . . D. marginatus 
Carnation . . . D. caryophyllus 
Carthusian P. D. carthusianorum 

Chedder P D. caesius 

Chinese P D. chinensis 

Clove P D. caryophyllus 

Diadem P. (D. chinensis diade- 

matus] Cy) 
Double Cluster P. (Dianthus lali- 

folius] Cy) 
FiREPiNK .... Silene virginica 
Fringed Chinese P. {Dianthus 
chinensis laciniatus] Cy) 

Garden P Grass Pink 

Grass P D. plumarius 

Heddewig p. (D. chinensis hed- 
dewigi\ Cy) 

Ice P D. glacialis 

Imperial P. (D. chinensis imper- ^ 
ialis^ Cy) 

Lilac P D. superbus 

Maiden P D. deltoides 

Newport P. Hort. var. of Dian- 
thus. 
Peatpink . . Silene pennsylvanica 
Perpetual P. Hort. var. of Dian- 
thus plumarius. 
Ragged P. (D. chineyisis asper] Cy) 
Swamp-pink . . Helonias bullata 
Sweet-william Dianthus barbatus 
White Maiden P. Hort. var. of D. 
deltoides. 
Pink Centaurium, Pink Indigo, etc. 

See Centaurium, Indigo, etc. 
Pinkbells . . Heuchera brizoides 
Pinkedge Maple {Acer palmatum 

roseomarginatum] Cy) 
Pinkroot . Spigelia; S. marilandica 
Pinkscale Gayfeather 

Liatris elegans 
Pinkshell Azalea . . Azalea vaseyi 
Pink-shower .... Cassia grandis 
Pinkstar Magnolia {Magnolia stel- 

lata rosea] Cy) 
PiNKSTEM Stonecrop {SeduM sar- 

mentosum carneum'\ Cy) 
Pinkstripe Flowering Quince. 
Hort. var. of Cydonia japonica. 



Pinkwax Stonecrop (Sedum japon- 

icum macrophjillum] Cy) 
Pinnate Lilac . Syringa pinnatifolia 

PINUS Pine 

albicaulis .... Whitebark P. 

aristata Bristlecone P. 

arizonica Arizona P. 

armandi Armand P. 

attenuata Knobcone P. 

aurea 

This name is often used, erroneously, for 
Golden Japanese Pine, Golden Scotch 
Pine, and Golden White Pine, all in the 
hort. var. list, page 374. 

australis .... Pinus palustris 

austriaca P. nigra 

ayacahuite {strohiformis) 

Mexican White Pine 

balfouriana Foxtail P. 

banksiana (divaricata) . . Jack P. 

bungeana Lacebark P. 

canariensis Canary P. 

cembra Swiss Stone P. 

cembroides . Mexican Stone P. 

contorta Shore P. 

— latifolia Cy . . . P. murrayana 

coulteri Coulter Pine 

densiflora . . . Japanese Red P. 

See also hort. var. list, page 374. 

divaricata P. banksiana 

echinata {mitis) Shortleaf Pine 
edulis Nut P. 

See also hort. var. list, page 374. 

excelsa {P. griffdhi Ag) 

Himalayan P. 

flexilis LnuiER P. 

griffithi Ag P. excelsa 

halepensis .... Aleppo Pine 

inops P. virginiana 

insignis P. radiata 

jeffreyi Jeffrey Pine 

koraiensis Korean P. 

lambertiana Sugar P. 

laricio P. nigra 

leuc