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Full text of "Staten Island names ; ye olde names and nicknames"

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974.701 
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1761530 



RiTYNOLnr; i-rsTonicAL 

GENEALOGY COLLECTION 



ALLEN COUNIY HUbllC lIHtAAIj* 




3 1833 01178 3799 



STATEN ISLAND NAMES 
Ye Olde Names and Nicknames 



by 
William T. Davis 
With map by Charles W. Leng 



f7H- 70/ 



Published by the 
Natural Science Association, 
New Brighton, Staten Island, N.Y. 



- PRICE FIFTY CENTS. - 



The Standard Press: 
New Brighton, N.Y. 
1896 



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CONTENTS 

Page 

Introduction, 20 

Part I 

Names for Staten Island and 

Surrounding Waters, . 26 

Points and Coves, , o . 26 

Kills, Creeks and Brooks, 29 

Necks, o 35 

Islands and Meadow-Islands, 36 

Reefs, Rocks, Shoals, &c., 37 

Hills, 40 

Valleys and Hollows, » 45 

Springs, Ponds and Swamps, 46 

Meadows, Fields and Plains, 52 

Part II 

Ferries and Landings, 54 

Roads and Lanes, 57 

Localities, Settlements and Villages,. 63 



, 35. voO bnf> 

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"OUPy^^lS:- 



P R C) C K B n I N Q S 

XATURAL SCIHNCH ASSOCIATIOX 

OK STATKN IS1,AM». 



\oi.. V. No. 5. (Special No. 21) Mak. 11 14111, is,;6. 



STATEN ISLAND XAMKS 
V 1-: L 1) ]■: N.\ M !•: s a n d n i c: k n a m k s. 



I'.V WII.I.IAM r. KAVIS, 
With Map by Cliark-s W. I.cii;r. 



INTRODUCTION. 



As the population of Stateii Island increases the names of its natural features }<ive 
place more and more to artificial ones; the hills are du,;^ away and avenues laid out 
across the swamp-;. Thus Tushy's Ton 1 and Prosp^^ct Hill are now only names. It 
becomes e.vpedient, therefore, to preserve the old, so that even the ever chan^in;; maps, 
that also fall within the laws of evolution, cannot make us forijet Duxburv's Point or 
the Watering Place. 

The object of the present pa])er is to record these local SUiteii Island names— the 
forgotten names that were once well known, and the nicknames that have from lime 
to time been bestowed on certain streets, hills an<l hollows. The record is not suppos- 
ed to be complete, for from the days of the Dutch colonists tlirough the time.s oi the 
British governors and the present rule of the States, about two hundred and fifty years 
in all, people have l>een giving names to various parts of t!ie Island. .\ few of 
tliese, from their |)eculiar fitness, have survived, but many more have l>een forgotten; 
or, worst of all, abandoned for le.ss appropriate ones. Certainh" poor ta.ste has l>een 
shown in changing Watchogue into lUoomfield; the Old Place Road into Wa.shington 
Avenue; and in the still later attempt to make a part of the Clove R(xid snijjxjrt the 
less distinctive name of Brooks' .\venue. The old roads are interesting in many way.s, 
and at least an effort sliould be ma<le to preserve their original names. They can 
often be identified without the aid of the first maps of the Island, or the Dutch 
stone houses that were built along them, for they are worn down until they are 
lower than the fields, or the bases of the stone walls built along their sides. .V goo«l 
illustration of this is the present Willow Brook Road, from the Turnpike to Richmond 
Avenue; and the old Clove Road, Ixjfore it was repaired last year, was a fine cxanij)le. 
Owing to its great extent of salt mea«low Staten Island has many roailsthat, from their 
ephemeral character, are termed "drift roads." They are .such as are con.structed by 
use, from the meadows to the main highways, and change from time to time as utility 
suggests. 

The meadows are often regarded in the .sen.se of water — a sea of gra.ss — by those 
Vho live near them, and if there is a rise of lanil in the nii<lst of this grass it is calletl 
an islaml. .As examples of x]u< kind we Ilim- l'ri.<'>; Island, Lake's Island .uid Poppy 
Joe's island. 

Copyright. iVj;), hv Natural Scit.ticc .\ssociatioii ufSlalcu Islaud. 

V 



21 

On the best maps of Staten Island only three or four of the creeks are named, and 
these often erroneously. In this particular it is hoped that the present paper and ac- 
companying map will be of use to future topographers. :Many of the small creeks 
have no names, but are called "little guts" by fishermen and other frequenters of the 

meadow lands and shore. 

In the following pages the " Land Papers " are often mentioned. The book quot- 
ed from is the "Calendar of N. Y. Colonial Manuscripts, indorsed Land Papers; in 
the Office of the Secretary of State of New York, 1 643-1 803." It will be seen from a 
peru.sal of this volume that the land on Karle's Neck and on Long Neck was in great 
demand in 1675 and later, and on one of the oldest maps, published in 1781, the words 
" well settled " are placed across that portion of the Island. Some names have also 
been collected from the following maps: 

" INIap of New Netherlands, with a view of New Amsterdam (now New York), A. 
D. 1656," by A. Vander Donck. Reprinted in Valentine's Manual, 1852. 

" A Draft of New York from the Hook to New York Town, by Mark Tiddeman. 
Printed for W. Mount and T. Page, upon Tower Hill, London." The original is not 
dated, but was probably published early in the eighteenth cenutry. A reprint is given 
in Valentine's Manual for 1S55. 

" Bay and Port of New York, Capitol of New York," executed by S. Belliuin 1764 
and reprinted in Valentine's Manual for 1861. 

" Plan of New York Island, with a part of Long Island, Staten Islanil, and E:ast 
New Jersey; with a particular description of the engagement on the Woody Heights of 
Long Island between Flatbush and Brooklyn, August 27, 1776, between Gen. Howe 
and Gen. Putnam. Engraved and published Oct. 19, 1776, by W. Faden, London." 

"Long Island. The seat of action between the Briti.sh and American forces, or 
an authentic plan of the western part of Long Island, with the engagement of the 27th 
of August, 1776; containing also vStaten Island and the environs of Amboy and New 
York, with the cour.se of Hudson's river from Courtland, the great magazine of the 
American army, to vSandy Hook. From the surveys of INIajor Holland. vSayer and 

Bennett. London, 1776." 

" A sketch of the operations of His ^lajesty's fleet and army under the command 
of vice admiral the Rt. H'ble Lord Viscount Howe and Genl. vSr. Wm. Howe, K. B., 
in 1776. Publi.shed according to act of Parliament, Jan'y 17th, 1777, l^y J. F. W. 
DesBarres, Esq." Reprinted in Valentine's Manual, 1S64. 

" A Chorographical Map of the Province of New York in North America * * * 
by Claude Joseph Sauthier. London, W. Faden, I779" Reprinted among the maps 
of the N. Y. Documentar\- History, Albany, 1849. 

"Chart and Plan of tlie Harbor of New York and the country adjacent, from Sandy 
Hook to King's Bridge; comprehending the whole of New York and Staten Islands, 
and part of Long Island and the Jersey shore, and .showing the defences of New York 
both by land and .sea. London. J. Bew, 1781." This map appeared in the "Political 
Magazine," November, 1781, and was reprinted in the " INIanual of the Common Coun- 
cil of New York" for 1870. 

An account ot the environs of New York, bearing the same title as the "Chart and 
Plan," reads in part us follows: " vStaten Island is in general rough and hilly, but on 
the south side there is a con.siderable tract of good level land. On the heights on the 
side towards New York we have redoubts usually garri.soned with i,ooo or 1,500 men. 
The Rebel parties frequently steal acro.ss the narrow sound which sepiirates it from the 
Jersey shore, and carry off a straggler or two or plunder the inhabitants. Brigadier 
General Skinner, a refugee from the Jer.sies, at present commands there. The Rel)el 
General Sullivan ma.le an attack on it in form in 1777, but was repulsed with con- 
.siderable loss by (ieneral Campbell, who was lately taken in Pensacola by the 
Spaniards." 



1761530 



P "A New and Correct Ma])])<)t llie County ol Riclinioinl, iiia<le in the Year 1797, 
Xj,'rceal)le loan Act passed hy tlie KeKJ^liiture of the State of New York, jjassed the aSth 
<hiy of March, 1797, hy" (no natne j^iven ). " \Ve tlie suhscril)ers Snpervisors for the 
County of Richmond liave Caused this Ma])]). Containinj,' the OutHne of the County of 
Richmond, to he Made Accordinj^ as the l^aw in such eases has decided. 

PJOHN TvsKN, I 

Daniki. Lakk, I ^, , ,, 

AHM. HlRBANK, '^"P ''■ 

Brnj. Larzki.hrk, J 

Bernard S]iron<.j and Richanl Conner were no doubt the authors of the above map 
as a])])ears from the foHowin^, copied from the "Annals of Staten Island": "1797, Dec. 
r4: Bernard Sjjronjr for makinjj a map of the towns of SouthfieM and WestfieUl and 
surveying vSmoking Point Road. £6. 6. o. 

" Richard Conner for making a map of Castleton and Northfield and service of 
Clerk of Su])crvisors. /,"7. 2. o. " 

IMr. Crowell Connor, of Richmond village, has shown me the surveyor's instru- 
ments used by Richard Conner, and ]irobaV)ly the siune employed in making the ma]) 
of 1797. 

" Map of the country thirty miles round the City of New York, designed and 
drawn by I. H. Edd}- of N. York, uSi2. rublished by Prior and Dunning, map and 
chart sellers, No. iii Water St." 

" Map of Long Island with the environs of New York and the southern ])art of 
Connecticut, compiled from various surveys and documents by J. Calvin Smith." 
Published by J. H. Colton & Co., New York, 1836. 

" Staten Island. Maji of New Brighton, Tompkinsville, Stapleton and Clifton; 
showing the surrounding neighborhood. Surveyed and drawn by C. H. Blood, 1.S45." 

" Map of the country thirty-three miles around the City of New York. Drawn by 
G. \V. Colton. Published by J. H. Colton, 86 Cedar St., New York, 1846." 

" Sidney's map of twelve miles around New York, with names of propertv holders, 
*&c., from entirely new and original surveys; 1849." 

X " Map of Staten Island or Richmond County, surveyed by J. C. Sidney, published 
^by M. Dripps, 1850. For sale at Tanner's, 201 Broadway, N. Y." 

1 " Map of the State of New York, by David H. Burr. Published by J. H. Colton, 

J 86 Cedar St., New York, 1852." Staten Island is shown on a small scale on this map; 
' New Bristol and Cityville are given as localities. 

, "Map of Staten Island, Richmond County, New York. IVom Surveys under the 

direction of 11. F. Walling, 1859. I*ublished by D. A. I'ox, Nos. 356. 358 & 360 Pearl 
Street (Franklin Square), New York." 

" Higginson's Map of New York and Yicinity, embracing the counties of Kings 
and Richmond, N. Y.," &c. Publi.shed by J. H. Higginson, 77 Chambers St., N. Y., 
1859. In i860 Higgin.son reproduced his map of Staten Island for the Grover & Baker 
Sewing Machine Co. 

" Maji of Staten Island ( Richmond Co. I. N. Y.. also Cities of Bayonne and Perth 
Amboy, N. J., showing Topography, I'arms, Shore .soundings, &c. Published by M. 
Dripps, 34 Yesey St., N. Y., 1872." 

"Atlas of Staten Island, Richmond County, New York, from ofTicial records and 
surveys, compiled and drawn by I'. W. Beers. Published by J. B. Beers & Co., 36 
Vesey Street, New York, 1874." 

No names introduced later than 1874, with the exception of a few nicknames and 
road names have been included in the present jxiper. Neither has it been thought ad- 
visable to mention the locality names now in common use. In 1857 the general gov- 
ernment having com])leted a survey of the Island I see Stanten hJander, IVIay 9th, 1857 ), 
published a map giving topogra])liical features, fence lines, ^c. This map can no 



t4 

lousier he oljlaiiK-d, hut the present chart of the "Hay and Harl)or of New York." 
]mhHsheil hy the I'. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey, presents on a re(hiced scale many 
of the features of the older map. A recent " Topographical Map of Staten Island, 
Richmond County, .State of New York," hy Yermeule and Bien, 1890, is excellent in 
these particulars, and is in many respects the hest map of the Island. There are sev- 
eral maps of interest filed in the Clerk's office at Richmond, among them the one 
showing the boundary lines of the so called estate of I^ancaster Symes and Peter Roose- 
velt, about which there has been so much controversy. This map was proved in court 
to be unreliable. Of real value and interest is the "Map of the Richmond Plank 
Road, from Yanderbilt's Landing to Rossville, 10.297 miles. J. B. Bacon, vSurveyor. 
Staten Lsland, 1S53." I'iled 30th June, 1S53. No. 114. This map names all of the 
property owners along the Plank Road in 1S53, and also names the cross roads. 

The "Annals of vStaten Lsland, from its Discovery to the Present Time, by J. J. 
Chite, New York, Pre.ss of Chas. Yogt. No. 114 Fulton .Street, 1877," and the "His- 
tory of Richmond County (Staten Lsland), New York, from its Discover}- to the Pres- 
ent time. Edited by Richard :\L Bayles, New York, L. K. Pre.ston & Co., 1887," have 
l)een drawn upon for many facts. The following publications also contain a few 
names: "Abstract of the Title of Tiiomas E. Davis to Certain Lands in Castleton, in 
the County of Richmond, Comprising the Principal Part of the Real Estate lately be- 
longing to the New Brighton As.sociation. New York: Printed by William Osborn, 
88 Wilhani Street, 1844." " Hand-Book and Business Directory of Staten Island, 
1870." "Report of a Preliminary Scheme of Improvement, Presented January 12th, 
1 87 1," by the .Staten Island Improvement Commission. " Proceedings of the Natural 
Science Association of Staten Islantf." Hi.storical papers by Mr. Ira K. Morris, many 
of which are contained in the last mentioned proceedings. Manuals of the Conmion 
Council of New York, prepared for many years under the direction of D. T. \'alentine, 
who also contributed numerous historical articles. 

Numerous persons have mentioned to me such names as they remembered,* and 
in rambling about the Island I have knocked at the doors of many strangers who 
have treated me with uniform kindness. In this way the record of the present-day 
names of the natural features of the Island, such as points, hills, valleys, &c. , included 
in Part I., has probably been made fairly complete. The more artificial names in Part 
II. did not appear as topographical features, and in con.sequence were more easily over- 
looked. No doubt there are more of these, and also old names, that might have been 
added by some one in the habit of searching the records of the county. 

It will be seen that occasionally the proper names are not spelled the .same in dif- 
ferent parts of the present article, which is due to the fact that they are variously given 
by the original authorities. A conspicuous example of this kind is what is now known 
as Shooter's Island, which has had a long ancestry of variously .spelled names, all 
having a similar sound. 

The paragraph on the Hesssian Spring contains a few .statements worthy of more 
than pa.ssing notice. It will be .seen that in 1.S34, when the valley through which 
Jersey Street now runs was pasture land, with many of the hill sides covered with 

* I am iiulebtcd to I.ot jJ. ALstou, D. M, Ayres. Robert Harties. W. S. Hcnh.im, K. ir. HerRen. E. 
nrai.sua !•;. C. nridgiuan. Dr. N. r,. Itrilton. \V. H. Ho.stwick, Rieliard Cole, H W. CoiiKdoii. John J. 
Corson. Thomas Craig, Matlhi is IJellart. Hdward C. DeUivan. Jr., J. C. Disosway, Mr. and Mrs. Aus- 
tin Dnpny Crowell Duimv, Thto. k. Ka.lie Joseph Hsterbrook. Jr , William K. Kddv, Cornelius ^.. 
1-vhert I. W l-recman, I.oi.is V. Cratacap, John H C.arretson. William I', llagedoru. Arthur Uollick, 
John J.Kcnucv. Kev. James I-:. Kcniiv. of Old I'l.icc, for anecdotes as well a« names; Walter C. Kerr, 
Mrs. Anna Keleltas. C W. Knepper, for map of 1812; (. A. I.aKorife, S J- I.atoiKC Charles W. I.eng, 
Thomas Merrill. Joseph W. Mersereau, H. T. Metcalf, James A. Morgan. Ira K. Morris, for old news- 
paper- itc • I). R. Norvell. James I-. I'dge. William S. I'agc. (;eorge II. Pepper, lor much information 
relating to tiie western .-nd of tlir Island; H W riilnam, Oeorije M. Root, for old papers and maps; 
Miss J. H. Seaman. Ilciirv Il.Segnine. William Segiiiiie, Sanderson Smith, for maps and literature; 
John W. Storer, C.nstave Svvaiiison, Miss V. J. Tlionipsoii, Dr. C. W. rownseud, Teraval O. Ullmau 
and Joiiii Waters. 



¥ 



U 



tinil)or, this spring jfave such an aluindance of water that it was consi«Iercil feasil)le tcT 
iisi' it as a source of sui)])ly for tlie villajje of Toiui)kiusvilk-. The spriii;^ is now <lry. 
Clove Valley to-day is in the siinie condition that tlie Hessian Sjjrinj; valley was in 
lS;^4, and nnich nii]L;ht he done towanl j)rtservinji a j^reat iK)rtion of it as a water she<l, 
wliich could also he made into a heantiful ])ark. It would cost no more, if as much, 
to do this now, to preserve the land and the timher, than it will 1)\ and hv to hriiij,' the 
water from a j^reater distance — j)erha])s from New Jersey. 

I,asll\ , I wish to thank Mr. Charles \V. Lenj;, who has kindly maile a niaj) of the 
Island on which, at lea.st, mo.st of the names will he found. The j)laces omitted could 
not, as a rule, he accurately located. It is not claimed that this ma]) is correct in every 
particular, for it was mainly drawn with the idea of showinj^ the location of old 
phues and natural features; the roads, with the exception of the old ones, heinj^ con- 
sidered of minor imjiortance. Tiie roads on the map of 1797 are indicated ou the i)res- 
ent maj), hut it is likely that the old maj) did not show all of the roads in use at the 
time it was uiade. Thus the Old Town Road is not j.(iven and but a small section of a 
road alonj^ the north shore and none alouf^ the east .shore. Only a co])v of this old 
map has been available, and this may contain .some errors, thoui^h made hv a careful 
hand. The orij^inal is on file in .Mbany. 



FMRT I. 

xa:mi;s i"()k stati;x island and siRRorNDiNc. \vati;rs. 

Mota-nucke, Mo-nock=nonK, Aque-hon-^a, B^h-qua-ous. "luirly names of 
Slatcii Islauil, the last .two mcaniiij,'. High Sandy lianks." Intliaii luiiiics in New 
York, by W. M. Beauchanip. "Schoolcraft inteqirets 'A(|uehonj;a Manacknonj;.' as 
far as the place of bad woods. The nieauinj^j of 'ICj^^'uiuahous' is also interjireted the 
place of bad woods." Hayles, j). i. Cliite, j). S. 'Sujnen' is j^iven as a name for 
Stattii Islaiiil in \'alentine's Manual, 1N52, ]). ^or. 

5taaten Eyiant. The name j,nven to the Island by Henry Ihids >n, Ciule p. S. 

(iroote River, Alanhattens River, Hontaigne Rivier, Noort River, Haurits 
or Hauritse River. luirly names for tlie North or Hudson River. Hayles, p. 46; 
Old ma]) cojjjed in I). T. X'alentine's Manual, 1.S52. The early navij^ators considered 
the mouth of the river to be at the Narrows. The town of Castleton wiien laid out, 
was bounde<l "easterly l>y Hudson's River." Hayles, p. 326. 

Sand Bay. Near the Port at the Narrows. "Warrant to the attorney j^eneral to 
prepiire letters patent for John Behie and John Dove of Staten Island, to keep a ferry 
at a place called the Sand Bay to run from thence to New York, Lonj^ Island and 
other adjacent places." I.and Papers, I7i;v I See Dove and Heine's Terry. ) 

Coeuraet's Bay, Port Hay or Oodyn's Bay. What is now known as the 
Lower Hay. Ha}les, p. 47. 

Prince's Bay. On Faden's map, 1779. ^^» "'ap, 1797, and later maps. The 
name is j^ven "Princess Bay" on chart, V. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey, and on the 
ma]> in Hayles' History, which was copied therefrom. 

Raritan Bay. At the mouth of Raritan River. Chart, V. S. Coast and C.eodetic 
Survey. Map in Hayles' Histor\-. 

Achter Cull. Corrupted into Arthur Kill. .Same as Staten Island Sound. 
Clute, pp. 16, 234. Hayles. p. 3. A report of the .speech of Pennekek. Sachem in 
Achter Col (^ Elizid)ethtown ) is given in Valentine's Manual for 1.S63. This Pennekek 
seems to have been a most important Indian and often fij^aires in tb.e treaties made 
from 1649 to 1655. 

Het Kill van het Cull, old Dutch name fur the Kill van KuU, meaning the 
stream of the bay. Bayles, p. 3. "River Kill \'an Kull" is shown on map New 
Brij^hton Association, Surveyed 1S35, filed 1S36, No. 12. Also called "River Kill 
Van KuU" in the Stiiaten Islander, February 22, 1854. 

POINTS AND C()Vi:S. 

Duxbury's Point. Where tlie jire.^^ent ferry house is locateil at St. Georj^'e. 
Faden, 1776 and 1779. Hew, 17.S1. Hayles, p. 395. Clute, p. 461. .\bstract of Title, 
Thus. K. Davis, 1S34. pp. 11, 44. Faden and Hew call it "Ducksbury Point." 

Brighton Point. S;une as Duxbury's Point. 

Vanderventer's Point. Located at or just outside of the Narrows. l*aden, 
1776 and 1779. Clute, p. 229. 

Eagle's Nest Point. In an indenture dated I'ebruary 3rd. 1736. "Between Jacob 
Berijen\>f Old Town, Husbandman, JohanneV Van Waj^enen, Wheel-wrijiht. Cornelius 
Kroesen and Daniel Corson P}sq all of Staten Island in this County of Riclimond and 
in the Colony of New York, Surviving Executors of the last Will and Testament of 



27 

Jacob Bergen late of Staten Island aforesaid in the sd County of Riclnnond, Gentle- 
man Deceased, of the one Part and Capt. John Keteltas of the City of New York 
Merchant, of the other Part," occurs the following: "And also a little Lot of Salt 
Meadow at Eagle's Nest Point on the West Side of Peter Nowee's Land, to the said 
Lott of Land belonging or appertaining, which said Premisses was formerly conveyed 
by the said Mary Brittaine unto her son Nathaniel Brittaine, as by an Instrument in 
Writing under the hand and Seal of the said Mary Brittaine unto him thesd Nathaniel 
Brittaine. Dated the 23 Day of I'Vby Anno Dom. 16S5-6, Reference being thereunto i 
had may more fully and at large appear." The land belonging to Peter Nowee's or 
Peter New, as he was often called, was just west of the southerly reach of the Old 
Town Road after leaving the present Richmond Ave. This would fix the location of 
Eagle's Nest Point on the edge of the meadows l)elow Linden Park and near Old Town 
or Pole Creek. The eagle's nest was no doubt built In- a fish hawk or sea eagle. 

Great Kill Point. At Giffords. Once called Brown's Point and now often spoken : 
of as Crooke's Point. Jos. Brown is given as a resident by Dripps, 1850. On map, 
1797, it is mentioned as a "Beach of Sand." 

Fountain's Point. In Great Kill. Immediately west of the mouth of Lock-- 
man's Creek. (See Lockman's Creek. ) 

Long Point. In Great Kill. West of Fountain's Point and immediately westi 
of the mouth of Duck Creek. ( See Duck Creek. ) 

Csnavello's Point. In Great Kill. We.st of Long Point. Named after C. A. 
Canavello. 

Monee's Point. On vSmith's map of 1S36 this name is placed opposite the shore 
lying between Arbutus Lake and Seguine's Pond. On the very small map of the 
Island, published by Eddy, 181 2, the name is also given. It is probably a corruption 
of the familv name of Manee. 

Seguine's Point. The finst ])oint to the east of Prince's Bay. 

Ward's Point. Near Tottenville. vStill called by this name. On the map of 
1797 the ])ositi<)n of Caleb Ward's house is .shown. 

Butler's Point. An occasional name for Ward's Point. 

BJllopp's Point. At the western end of the Island. Faden, 1779. Proceedings, 
Natural SciL-nce Association, Vol. Ill, p. 54. Clute, pp. 100, 103, Bayles, p. 3. 
Ellis' Point. First point northwest of Krei.scherville. 

Storer's or Hughes' Point. A short distance to the north of p;ilis' Point. The 
line fence between the Storer and Hughes farms extends to this point. Sometimes j 
called Story's Point. 

Smoking Point. The finst point southwest of Ro.ssville. Land Fa] ers, April 
5th, 1684. vSo called on recent maps. "Smoaky Point" of Bew, 1781. " '■• ■* * 
a place called Smokers point" is mentioned in Land Papers, 1702. "Daniel Perrine 
of Smoking Point" is mentioned in a mortgage recorded at Richmond, Lib'cr B p. 92. 
Cedar Point. Often mentioned in the Land Papers, of which the following is a 
samjile: "So acres of land lying upon the northwest .side of Staten Island, with r 
acres of meadow fronting, and 7 acres of meadow at ye west end of ye Island of 
meadow, again.st Seadar Poyntv. laid out for I^lias Puddiiigtt)n." 1676. The "Island 
of Meadow" lies at the mouth of Fresh Kills. 

Never Fail Point. Tie extreme jioint of Karle's Neck where IMain and Rich- 
mond I. reeks iim I. It is calletl Never I'ail Point because the oysters ])lanted in its 
vicinity are .ilways good. 

Cedar Bush Point. ( )n the north side of Richmond Creek and not far fron:; 
Never Fail Poinl. 



I 



28 



First, Second and Third Points, or Uncle live's Points. On iIk- iiorih hi<Ic 
of Ricliiiioiid Creek and southeast of Cedar lUish Toint. 

Turtle Point. Not far from the site of the old I'resh Kills hridj^e. 

Point No Point. On Long Neck, near Island Creek and nearly opixjsitc the 
mouth of Peter's Creek. When viewed from a distance there apjx^ars to be a con- 
siderable jioint at this part of Main Creek, but upon a nearer approach the point is not 
apjiarent. This is due to the gradual bend of the shore, which leads the boatman in a 
wide curve about what is in cousecjuence named Point No Point. 

Du Puy's Point. The southerlj- point at the mouth of Peter's Creek. 

Long and Siiort Points. Parts of the irregularly sliajjcd peninsula of meadow- 
lying between Dock and I'lowk Creeks on Karle's Neck. Long Point is the farthest 
west. 

Robbin's or Winant's Point. .\l the mouth of Dock Creek and .southea.st of 
Freeman Winant's vSwamp. Capt. Nathaniel Robbins was a notorious indivi<hial who 
resided many years ago in New Springville and after whom Robbins' Corner was 
named. He rendered considerable assi.stance to the British quarterefl on the Island 
during the Revolution. Clute, p. 114. 

Blacic Point. "u6 acres, situated on the northwest .side of Staten Island and 
known by the name of Black Poynt, laid out for John Tunisson, by Phillii) Welles, 
surveyor." Land Papers, 16S0. Probably near Old Place. 

Steep Point. Projects into Staten Lsland Sound l)etween Old Place Creek and 
Mark's Creek. Some of this point has been dug away in order to make the Sound 
more navigable. 

Lambert's, Colly er's or Bowman's Point. The point of Staten Island nearest 
to rniziibethport. New Jersey. Called Lambert's Point during the Revolution and 
later CoUyer's Point. Map of property at "Bowman's Point" was made in 1S69. In 
the Richmond Republican of October 9th, 1S30, there is an advertisement of an auction 
sale of a piece of land, "Bounded northerly by the road leading from Mersereau's 
Ferry to the Old Point." 

DeHart's Point. The first prominent point east of Bowman's and a part of the 
old Dellart farm. The knoll of upland at the end of the Shore Road, near Holland 
Hook meadows, is said to have also been called DeHart's Point ( Bayles, p. 3, ) but 
this seems to be an error. 

DeHart's Cove. East of DeHart's Point. Usually called Johnny DeHart's 
Cove. 

Peggy's Point. Southwest of the railroad trestle near We.stern .\venue. It is a 
ix)int of higher land in the meadow. Peggy's Point is named after Judge David 
Mersereau's sister who married a Post. Judge Mersereau was prominent on the 
Island during the first part of this century. A man l)y the name of Page bought 
PeggA's Point and the surrounding meadows, an<l when he become old an<l decrepit 
he deeded the land to his relatives in consideration that they take care of him for the 
remainder of his days. Their care taking, however, accorrling to the neighl>ors, was 
of a very poor quality, and the old man finally died in the wood shed. 

Beulah. The sandy point or dune that extends along one side of Old Place 
meadow reaching northward nearly to Old Place Creek. Though termed Beulah in a 
spirit of irony, to a naturalist it is well named anil is anything but de-solate. Also 
known as the Big Hummock. 



20 

Spear's or Spirit Point. A point of slij;htly raised upland projectinj? south- 
westward into the meadow near the head of (Md Place Creek. Mrs. Prior, wife of 
Andrew Prior, the first miller of Old Place mill, connnitted suicide hy jumping; into 
the creek at this point. It is .sometimes called Spirit Point. 

Mersereau's Point. An old name for the i)oint at what is now Port Riclunond, 
to which Mersereau's I'erry ran. Minutes of the Common Council, July 21, 1S23. 

Upper or Pelton's Cove. At the Bend in the vShore Road between Davis and 
Bement Avenues. 

Lower Cove. Located near the foot of Lafayette Avenue, New Brighton. An 
old name. 

Butler's Cove. At Ward's Point near Tottenville. 

The Cove. East of Butler's Cove, on the edge of the "Meadows" and the 
"Cedars." 

Woglom's Cove. Between vSmoking and Kllis' Points on the Sound. 

Ross' Cove. The bend in the shore at Rossville near the old Ross (now C. Lyon) 
homestead. Winant's or Ro.ss' Brook flows into this Cove. 

KILLS, CREEKS AND BROOKS. 

Broo!< St. Brook. Once flowed to the bay at the Watering Place— the present; 
Tompkinsville— a pure stream, but now a dirty, garbage transporting torrent in wet 
weather, and dry in .summer. :Mentioned in the Abstract of the Title of Thomas E. 
Davis to certain Lands in Castleton, p. 11, ( US34) as "the creek which flows through: 
the Marine Ho.spital ground." 

Jersey St. Brook. Once the overflow of the Hessian vSpring Imt now in the 
.same condition as the Brook St. I5rook. (See Hessian Spring, l 

Gore's Brook. Rose near the head of Vanderbilt Ave., floweil through the Gore 
farm and emptied at Stapleton. Once a well known brook. 

New Creek. At South Beach. Many years ago a creek emptied near the Narrows 
following nearly, if not the same cour.se as the present Old Town or Pole Creek. The 
mouth of this old creek became clo.sed and New Creek was opened — hence the name. 
This mu.st have happened previous to the making of the map in 1797. Not many 
years ago, the Boulevard was built a little up from the high tide mark and New Creek 
was bridged, but in many places owing to the washing away of the shore only a trace 
of the road remains. New Creek is very erratic as regards at least a portion of its 
course, and for many years previous to the winter of 1.S83-84 emptied a consideral)le 
distance to the southwest of its present mouth. There was a point formed which each 
year grew longer, until at last the .stream flowed so .slowly that in the winter mentioned 
it froze, and the upland became flooded. When .spring came the water broke 
through .straight to the ocean, and now another point is being .slowly formed. In 
1797 the creek is portrayed as emptying .straight to the ocean, without any accompany- 
ing point, but on the m.ips of 1850, 1859 and 1872 the point is shown. | 

Old Town or Pole Creek. North east branch of New Creek. The brook which 
is the head waters of this creek, rises near Sand Lane at the Old Town, and flows 
parallel to South Beach. j 

Perine's Creek. A north branch of New Creek. The brook from Van Wagenen's' 
Pond, or Wood.side Lake, flows into this creek. 



'Ad 

Barton's or Seaver's Creek. A northwest branch of New Creek. The brooks 
from Rcc'd's :iiul .Mtrscrcau's Valleys, after joining, flow into this creek. 

Barnes' Creek. A westerly branch of New Creek, into which the Moravian 
Brook flows. 

Tyson's Creek. "Petition of Obediah Holmes, for a warrant to .survey and lay 
out a certain piece of land lying in the county of Richmond, adjoining to the land of 
the iHtitioner, upon the head of Tyson's Creek." Land Papers, 1686. 

Taylor's or Moravian Brook. Rises in the swamps northeast of the Woolsey 
Pond on Todt Hill and flows through the Moravian Cemetery and the old Taylor 
farm into Barnes' Creek, a branch of New Creek. Report Staten Island Improvement 
Com., p. 46. 

Stony Brook. The brook from which vStony Brook .settlement probably got its 
name, is tlifficult to locate at present. It may be the brook, now usually dry, that 
flows southward across the Amboy Road toward Great Kill, or possibly it is the same 
as Richmond Brook. (See Bridge Creek. ) 

Creek of Granees. "Description of a survey of a lot of land lying upon the 
south side of Staten Island, with 5 acres of meadow adjacent to ye creek of Granees, 
and 5 acres of moore to ye north east of Seadar Poynte, laid out for Theo. Davi.son." 
Land Papers, 1676. 

Pyse Creek. "Comnmnication of Stephen Hesiott to the governor in relation to 
a certain piece or parcel of land on Staten Island, at the head of Pyse Creek, next 
adjoining to Peter Johnson and Wm. Johnson's lots." Not dated but placed in the 
Land Papers between Jan. and INIarch, 16S4. 

Muddy Ditch. Near the Mill Road at Oakwood. "B'n N. by Mill road, E. by 
land of A. S. or A. V. Connor or A. O'Connor, S. by beach and bay of New York and 
W. I)y Muddy Ditch. 8 acres." Advertisement, State Tax Sale, Dec, 1890. 

Great Kill. Mentioned in the Land Papens in 1676; on Map of 1797 and on all 
later maps. 

Bass Creek. At Great Kill. On .Map of 1797 and later maps, but now nearly 
obliterated by the subsidence and washing away of the beach. This name is also 
applieil to a branch of Main Creek and to a small creek on the Sound between Hanne's 
and :\Iark's Creeks. 

i Mill Creek. At the head of Great Kill. Smith, 1836. Dripps, 1872. The creek 
on which Lake's tide mill is located. Its upper part is called Holmes' Creek. 

Flat Creek. Small creek between .Mill and Lockman's Creeks. Smith, 1S36. 

Lockman's Creek. Next large creek we.st of Mill Creek. A small creek near 
by, rarely shown on maps, is called Flat Creek. Lackaman's Creek is shown by 
Smith. 1836. 

Duck Creek. Next creek west of Lockman's. Smith, 1836. 

Wolfe's Brook, l-lows into Wolfe's Pond, which Hes northeast of Seguine's 
Point. ^ 

Lemon or Seguine's Creek. Empties into Prince's Bav to the west of Seguine's 
Point. Seguine's Creek is mentioned in Richmond Republican, April 24th, 1S30. 

Little North River. A name for Lemon Creek which lies north and south It 
IS mentioned in a deed as the west boundary of the old Seguine farm. The Prince's 



HI 

Bay Road leading to Segiiine's Point, was once the private lane to the homestead, ; 
The "Richmond Co. Herald," for June ist, 1S95, records the fact that a large number! 
of tomcod and smelt from the I 'nited vStates fish hatchery had been placed in the 

"Tjttle North river at Prince's Bay." 

Sandy Brook. Rises to the northeast of Wood Row Road and empties into. 
Lemon Creek. Named on Map, 1 797. 1 

Jack's or Butler's Creek. Butler's Brook flows from Brown's Pond, near: 
Light House Hill, into Butler's Creek .at Prince's Bay. In recent years the creek has 
been. improved and is now usually spoken of as the Canal. Black Jack Ward, a negro 
in the service of the Butler family for many years, once lived near by and the creek, 
at that time generally bore his name. 

Uncle Ed. Wood's Brook. Rises on the Wood property close to St. Paul's 
Church on the Amboy Road, and flows southerly to the Cove, east of Ward's Point. 

Mill Creek. Extends from Richmond Valley Station to vStaten Island Sound. 
Map in Bayles" Hi.story. 

'Gene's or Tappen's Creek. Northwest of Kreischerville. Named after Eu-! 
gene Androvette. On the map of 1797 it is called Tappen's Creek, and the older resi- 
dents also know it by that name. Asher and Abraham Tappen are mentioned on old 
grave stones in a homestead bur\-ing ground, just south of the creek. 

Oakley's Creek. A small creek on the easterly side of Smoking Point. 

Ross' or Winant's Brook. Rises between Shea's and Winant's Lanes and 
flows into Ross" Cove at Rossville. 

Killi=fish Brook. Flows from Mt. Tobey, the Lyster Pond, &c., and empties 
into Slaght's Creek at Valley Forge. Another branch rises more to the northeast. 

Slack's (Slaght's) Creek. First Creek north of Rossville. One branch reaches 
the I'resh Kills Road at Valley Forge. 

Benedict's Creek. Second creek north of Rossville. The Benedict farm fronts 
the Fresh Kills Road and extends on to the meadows at Benedict's Creek. This is 
said to have been formerly known as Winant's Creek. 

rioorc's or Keteltas' Brook. Rises in the woods near Journeay Road and 
flows across the I'resh Kills Road through Owl's Hollow into Wagner's Creek. 

Dead Han's Creek. On Dead Man's or Burnt Island. Empties into Little 
Fresh Kill. 

Fresh Kills. Mentioned in Land Papers, 1676; on map, 1797, and on all later 
maps. 

Little and Great Fresh Kill, I'resh Kills divides at Burnt Island, which lies 
at its mouth, the northern arm being known as Little Fresh Kill, and the .southern as 
Great I'resh Kill. 

Jesse Bedell's or Wagner's Creek. I'ir.st soulherly l)ranrh of I'resh Kills, 
after passing Burnt Island. It bt-nds about Lake's Meadow Island, 

Richmond Creek. Ivist branch of I'resh Kills. Karle's Neck Creek or IMich- 
eau's Criek are old names for this. 

Henry Bedell's flill Creek. .\ branch of Richmond Creek leading to the old 
Beflell Mill at Marshland, or (;r<.iii Ridge. 



H2 

Betty Holmes' or Taylor's Brook. Rises near Annadale and flows northerly 
into Btnluun's Creek, a branch of Richmond Creek. 

Benham's Brook. Report Staten Is. Imp. Commission, p. gi. .Same as 
Betty Hohnes' I5rook. I'lows into Benham's Creek, a branch of Richmond Creek. 
On the Fresh Kills Road between Betty Holmes' or Benham's Brook and Gifford's 
Lane, is the haunt of Rooney's ghost. Willows grow on both sides of the road and 
holes have been cut into their trunks and rails fitted between the trees, thus making 
them serve as fence posts. A small stream flows along the road side by the wil- 
lows, and Rooney, who was not considered a prohibitionist, fell into this little two 
inch brook and was drowned. His ghost now prowls up and down the road, and, 
according to a reliable neighbor, a pony that was often driven aljout the vicinity used 
to cut most curious capers, when beneath the shade of the willows. 

Lewis' Creek. An old name for Benham's Creek. 

Richmond or Saw Mill Brook. Flows through the ravine at Egbertville and 
empties into Richmond Creek near St. Andrew's church. The Blood Root Valley 
branch rises near the highe.st point (Dongan Knoll), and the west branch rises in the 
Mills Dale. 

Ketchum's Mill Pond Brook. Rises in the JNIills Dale near the old road to 
Richmond, now sometimes called Egbertville Road, and flows through the Ketchum 
Mill Pond into Richmond Creek. This brook and its branches have been only 
slightly affected bj- artificial changes and are among the most rural on the Island. 

Simonson's Brook. Rises in the woods to the north of vSpringville Road ( Poverty 
I.ane), near the center of the Island, and flow's southerlj- into Simonson's Creek, a 
branch of Richmond Creek. 

John Bedell's or Simonson's Creek. Empdes into the north side of Richmond 
Creek opposite Benham's Creek. 

riain Creek. North branch of Fresh Kills. 

Neck or Long Neck Creek. The branch of Main Creek into which Willow 
Brook flows. ]\Iap, 1797. Adv. State Tax Sale, Dec, 1890. Smith, 1.S36, calls it 
•'Beck Creek." 

Dock or New Springville Creek. Branch of Main, and next considerable creek 
southeast of Neck Creek. The one in which New Springville dock is located. 

Vreeland's Creek. A branch of Dock Creek into which Vreeland's Brook flows. 

Esek's Creek. Branch of Dock Creek ; also known as Blake's Creek. 

Flowk Creek. Branch of Main, and next creek southwest of Dock Creek. Men- 
tioned in liiclnnond Republican, Jan. 24, 1S29. There is also a creek southea.st of 
Travisville known as Long Neck Flowk or Little Flowk Creek. These creeks were 
no doubt named after the fish allied to the flounders, known as the flowk or fluke. 
The true flowk is a European fi.sh. The present day fishermen do not know why 
these two creeks are so called, 1)ut the above explanation seems probable. 

Peter's Creek. Branch of INIain, and next creek southwest of Flowk Creek. 
Named after Peter Du Puy. "Peter Dupuy's Creek" is mentioned in Richmond Re- 
publican, January 24th, 1829. 

Prall's Creek. The south arm or branch of Peter's Creek. 

La Tourette's Canal. Extends from Peter's Creek northeastward to the upland. 



Bass Creek. Small cretk between Peter's and Flowk creeks. 

Flat Creek. A branoli of Richmond Creek and near Never Fail Point. 

Wreck Creek. On Loni;- Neck. Empties into Fresh Kills near Bnrnt Island. 
So called because an old wreck was once lodged there. 

Factory Creek. Next creek west of Wreck Creek. Extends toward the Lin- 
oleum factory. 

Fork Creek. A forked creek on Long Neck that empties into Fresh Kills to the 
east of Wreck Creek. 

Marshall's Creek. Next considerable creek to the east of Fork Creek. Some- 
times called Marsh Creek. 

Island Creek. On Long Neck near Price's Meadow Island. Empties into Main 
Creek east of :\Iarsh Creek. Peter's Creek on Karle's Neck is nearly opposite. Some- 
times called Shrimp Creek. 

Little Flowk or Jones' Creek. Branch of Main Creek ; die one that bends 
toward Price's ^Meadow Island from the northeast. 

New Springville Brook. Rises near the corner of the old Saw-Mill or Conner 
Road and the IManor Road, and (lows acro.ss Jones' or Rockland Road through New 
vSpringnlle into Dock Creek. This brook once turned a mill wheel in New Spring- 
ville village. 

Vreeland's Brook. Rises near vSign's Road and flows southwesterly through 
Vreeland's Swamp" at I'nion or New Springville Road into \'reeland's Creek, a branch 
of Dock Creek. 

Willow Brook. Rises near the highest point of vStaten Island and flows south- 
westerly into INIain Creek. 

Corson's Brook. Rises near the Willow Brook Road, flows through the Corson 
farm and empties into Willow Brook near Bull's Head. Beers, 1874. 

Cannon's or Landing Creek. Lies between Chelsea and Travisville. Andrew 
Cannon is mentioned as having 161 acres on Long Neck in the Land Papers, 1686. 
Abram Cannon's Creek is mentioned by Bayles, p. 129. Named on map 1797. Lately 
called Chelsea Creek. 

Liberty Ditch. Cannon's Creek, like most meadow creeks, contains several 
lengthy twists or turns, and in i860, or thereabouts, when a piece of the meadow 
was purchased for manufacturing purposes, a short cut was made across one of these 
loops, which, from the spirit of the times, received the name of Liberty Ditch. 

Saw Mill or Maggie Merrill's Creek, North of Chelsea. One of its branches 
crosses the Watchoguc Road. A saw mill was formerly located on this creek. 

Flat Brook. Mows through the low, flat woodland lying b.ctween IMerrill's Road 
and the Turnpike into Saw Mill or Maggie's Creek. (vSee Flat Brook, a branch of 
Old Place Creek. ) 

Daddy's Creek. On the Sound. Next creek north of Saw :Mill Creek. 

Hanne's or Ball's Creek. On the Sound. Next creek north of Daddy's. 

Bass Creek. On the Sound. Small creek next north of Ilamie's Creek. 

Prall's River. The arm of the Sound between Dongan's Island and vStaten Island. 
Advertisement .State Tax Sale, 1S95. 



34 

Thomas' Creek. IMcnlioneil in IJayk's' History, p. 129. 

nark's Creek. First large creek south of Old Place Creek. Ivjuptics near 
Buckwheat Island. ]Mentioiicd in advcrtiscnr.Mit State Tax Sale, 1S95. 

Old Place or Tunissen's Creek, old Place Creek is shown on recent maps. 
Sometimes called "Tunis Creek" by fishermen, 6cc. Tunissen's Creek is mentioned 
in liirfi/Dond liepublican, AipTil 25th, 1S29 ; in the Staitten Minder, Sept. 19th, 1857, 
and in an old deed of 1687, recorded in Richmond, Liber B, p. 95. 

Oyster or Deep Creek. A north branch of Old Place Creek, that reaches nearly 
to Brid-^^e or Lawrence Creek. C)y.ster Creek is mentioned in advertisement vState Tax 
iSale, 1S95. 

i Oyster Creek. "Petition of Hans Lawrence of the county of RichnDiid, pray- 
ing a warrant ktr a survey of a piece of land on vStaten Island, containing about 40 
acres ; together with a small island of meadow, of about 2 acres, lying at the mouth 
of Oy.ster Creek, for which he has a patent." Not dated, but placed in 1697 of the 
JLand Papers. 
I Sedge Pond Creek. I'irst southerly branch of Old Place Creek. 

Vroom Creek. Second southerlj- branch of Old Place Creek. Walling, 1859. 
Advertisement State Tax Sale, 1895. 

Huckleberry Creek. Third southerl}- l)ranch of Old Place Creek. Reaches to 
Beulah Point. 

Braisted's Creek. A southerly branch of Old Place Creek, that reaches to that 
part of Lambert's Lane sometimes called Bloomfield Road. 

Flat Brook. Flows north across Lambert's Lane into Old Place Creek. (See 
Flat Brook, a l)ranch of Saw Mill or IVIaggie's Creek. ) 

Log Brook. I'lows westerly acro.ss South Avenue into Old Place Creek. A few- 
logs once laid across the brook and served as a bridge, hence the name. 

Old Place Brook. Rises near Quarry Hill on the Old Place Road and flows 
acro.ss South avenue into Old Place Creek. 

Lawrence or Bridge Creek. Said to have been also called Back Creek because 
it lav back of some of tlic farms that fronted on the North vShore. It empties into the 
Kill Van Kull at Bowman's Point. The brook, that flows into the south branch oi this 
creek is sometimes called Stony Brook, because in old days it was crossed by stepping 
stones instead of logs. 

Bridge Creek is mentioned in connection with the war of the Revolution as fol- 
lows : "It is imagined that another expedition is determined upon against Staten 
Islatul under command of INIr. Philemon Dickenson, who has assembled near four 
hundred men about Elizabeth Town ; boats and scows are also prepared, with a float- 
ing raft, to cro >s Bridge Creek, and thereby .secure a retreat to the point." Bayles, p. 
196. Also mentioned in Adv. State Tax Sale, Dec, 1890. 

Is is related, that in one of the raids on Staten Island during the war of the Revo- 
lution, Jacob \'an Pelt was taken pri.soner and was being l)orne across Bridge Creek 
meadows away from his home and faithful wife, who is said to have been about four 
feet tall. Though a dwarf in stature, she was valiant of spirit, and accordingly followed 
her husband with the family musket, shooting one of his captors and putting the 
others to flight. Thus did this wife indeed get the "old man" back again. 

Dam=nieadow Creek. A branch of Bridge Creek. The Dam-meadow and Dam- 
meadow Creek are crossed by the railroad trestle just beyond Arlington. The meadow 



35 

is nearly encircled by higher land, covered with a growth of tinilxr, and owing to this 
isolation has also been called the Pond-meadow. It is bounded on the southwest by 
Peggy's Point. 

Newton's Creek. Empties into the Kill \'an KuU between Bowman's and 
DeHart's Points. Many years ago a man by the name of Newton widened this creek 
so that he might get boats up to his ketchup and pickle preserving establishment, 
situated near the Shore Road. 

DeHart's or Bowman's Brook. Bends about the high sand dune or Gerty's 
Hill at Holland Hook, and flows into Newton's Creek. Near the bridge where 
DeHart's Brook cros.ses the Shore Road, Suckey Rowland was caught by the Devil 
many 3-ears ago and had her tongue pulled, that is Suckey always claimed that it was 
the Denl. She was a gossip and her stories with oft telling grew apace, so that her 
good neighbors became angry with this monger of tales whose tongue was so very long. 
Thus it came to pa.ss that the Devil, in looking about Holland Hook one night to see 
what pranks he might cut, espied Suckey and her very long tongue, which he pulled 
until .she screamed. He by chance did a good act on that occasion, for it is related 
that vSuckey's statements thereafter would have satisfied the most careful historian. 

Palmer's Run. The brook forming the boundary line between Castleton and 
Northfield, and named after John Palmer. Land Papers, 1680. Bayles, p. 113. 

Mill Brook. Same as Palmer's Run. Land Papers, 16S0. Bayles, p. 113. Now 
called Bodine's Creek. 

Great Swamp Ditch. An old water way. It formerly conducted water from 
Willow Brook at Bull's Head to the Butcherville branch of Palmer's Run. 

Stinking Brook. A branch of Palmer's Run, that crosses the Turnpike and 
receives the waste of the Four Corners' brewery. At this writing, it is a foul smelling 
brook, remarkable for its growth of Alg(B and Vorticellce. 

Clove Valley Brook. I'lows from the Clove \'alley ponds to Palmer's Run at; 
the ]Mill Pond meadow. West New Brighton. 

The Canal. Dug from the Clove Valley Brook to the Factory Pond at West New 
Brighton. Abandoned in 1894 and now being filled in. 

Boiling Spring Brook. Flows into the Factory Pond. (See Boiling Spring.) 

Logan's Spring or Harbor Brook. Flows into the Kill Van Kull at Livingston. 
(See Logan's Spring. ) "The .stream known as Harbor Brook, on Henderson Avenue, 
at the premises of the Sailors' Snug Harbor," is mentioned in an advertisement in 
N. Y. Evening Sun, Sept. 12th, 1S95. 

NECKS. 

The Neck. Tottcnville is .sometimes referred to as being on "the Neck." 

Karle's Neck. "Description of a .survey of So acres of land at ye head of j-e 
meadows l)etween Long Neck an<l Karle's Neck, upon Staten Island, with 6 acres of 
.salt meadow and 4 acres of fresh in ye cove to the north of Scadar Poynte, laid out 
for Jon. Bi.s.sell." Land Pa])ers, 1676. St. Andrew's church is described as being on 
Karle's Neck, at the licad of I'rc^h Kills, in tl:e Land Paj.ers, 1713, and in Bayles' 
History, p. 395. "Charle's Neck" is mtnticncd in Bayles' Hi.^^tory, p. 129, and is 
shown by vSmith, 1.S36. Karle's Neck was .sometimes called Short Neck to distinguish 
it from Long Neck. 



Long Neck. Sc-parati-.l from K.uU-'s N\ck l.y Main Cr^-c-k. The land on wliicli 
Linoleunuilk- now stands. IMculioned in tlie I.and Papers in dranj,'ht of patent j^ranl- 
ed to John (iarretscn in 1675. 

Danlell's Neck. " Description of a snrvey of 120 acres of land lyinj; upon the 
west side of Staten Island, to the north ofLon-r Neck, and to the south of Daniell's 
Neck, laid out for Jonsia Cronsoon, by Phi]li]i Welles. Surveyor." I,and Paix-r.s, 
16S5. Mentioned a.s^^ain in 1697 in connection wilji tlie petition' of Richard Merrel'; 
also in Rayles' History, p. 129. 

Tunissen's Neck. .\n old name for the Neck l.etween OM Place Creek (Tunis- 
sen's Creek) anil Ih-id.Lje Creek. Old Place is located on this Neck. 

ISLANDS AND ^MKADOW-ISLANDS. 

Louse Island. When the Quarantine was .situated at Tompkinsville the wash- 
in-,^ for the inmiiyrants was carried on in the " wash house " on Louse Island. In 
buildinjr the American Docks, Lou.se Island and the vicinity were fdk-d in. The Isl- 
and is shown but not named on Blood's IMap, 1S45. 

Hoffman Island (Upper Quarantine). Swinburne or Dix Island (Lower 
Quarantine). Artificial islands off the shore from South Beach. 

Tom Bell's Island. A woode.l point projecting- into the meadows between 
Garretson's .station and the South Beach on the southwest side of Seaview Avenue. 
Sometimes called Tom Bell's Woods. This wood is .said to have been nmch fretjueut- 
ed by foxes about fifty years ago. 

Poppy Joe's Island. A meadow island covere.l with cedar trees, between Barnes' 
Creek and South Beach. This name is used in old deeds. The .sandy beach is ap- 
proaching this island quite rapidly. In the Richmond Repiiblirnn, June 19th, i,S3o, the 
following mention is uiade of "Poppy Joe's Island, which formerly did belong to 
Thomas Walton, deceased, and the said Thomas Walton did convey the .same to Isaac 
Cubberly, of Staten Island, decea.sed, and the said deceased Isaac Cubberly, did 
beriueath the .same in his last will and testament to his son Isaac Cubberly, his heirs 
and assigns for ever, which said tract of land and salt meadow lying on the south side 
of the said Island, and fronting the beach or strand, and begins on the north side of 
the siiid tract of land and meadows, by a creek called the New Creek. * * *" 
" Poppa Goes Island" is depicted on an old map of which the following is the title : 
" At the Request of Doctor Nicholas Lo/.ier I have Surveyed All His Lands and Mea- 
dows now in his Posse.s-sion x\nd find the Contents to Amount of 141 Acres of Land 
and Meadows as p. Mapp. Surveyed Jan'y, 12th, 1793. by Bernard Sprong." 

Egypt. A meadow i.sland between Barnes' and Bartons' Creeks, .southwest of 
Grant City. 

Oyster Island. In Great Kill. Shown but not named on Chart, U. S. Coa.st 
and Geodetic Survey. Named on Dripp's Map, 1872. 

Burnt Island. On the loth of June, 177S, three boats laden with American 
soldiers landed between Blazing Star (Ro.ssville) and "Burnt I.sland" in the nunith of 
Fresh Kills, and .surprised the British picket. Bayles, p. 202. This island is referred 
to several times in the Land Papers as "Ye Island of Meadow against Seadar 
Poynte." On the map of 1797 it is marked " I.sland of Salt Meadow." 

Dead Han's or Noah's Island. Same as Burnt I.sland. The.se names are used 
by fishermen of the present day. 



'^1 

Edsall's (sfand. "Description of a surve}' of several small pieces of salt meadow, 
6n the uortlnvest side of Staten Island, near the Fresh Kills, beginning at the southern- 
most branch of the Fresh Kills, where it joins the sound; thence southward to Jacob 
de INIuffes his creek, including a peninsula of meadow called Edsall's Island, laid out 
for Christopher Billip, by Ro: Fulerton." Land Papers, July 6, 16S7. 

Lake's Island. Mentioned in advertisement, Std'iten Marnier, Sept. 9, 1857. 
The rise in the meadow to the east of Burnt or Dead Man's Island and probably the 
same as Edsall's Island. Thoreau in a letter written on Stiiten Island, July 21, 1843, 
says: "La.st Sunday I walked over to Lake Island Farm, eight or nine miles from. 
here, where Moses Prichard lived, and found the present occupant, one Mr. Davenport, , 
formerly from INIassachusetts, with three or four men to help him, raising sweet 
potatoes and tomatoes by the acre. " Possibly the "Lake Island Farm" of Thoreau 
is not Lake's or Edsall's Island. 

Price's Island. A hunmiock of land in the salt meadow south of Travisville on 
Long Neck. E. Price is given as a resident by Dripps, 1S50. 

Dongan's Island. Large island of meadow in the Sound near Chelsea. On 
Dripp's map of 1850 it is marked Dongan's Island, but on the later maps it is corrupted 
into "Duncan's Island." Called Prall's Island on map in Bayles' History. The 
' 'great island of salt meadow, near the Fresh Kills, and opposite to Long Neck, laid 
out for John Palmer by Phillip Wells, surveyor," is mentioned in the Land Papers ini 
16S7, and is Dongan's Island. The patent to Palmer was approved at a council heldi 
March 31st, 1687, Governor Dongan being present, and on the i6th day of the following 
April, John Palmer and Sarah, his wife, conve3-ed the same territory to Thomas 
Dongan. Nearl 3- opposite to this Lsland on the New Jersey shore, are the "Rotten 
Meadows. ' ' 

Ralph's Island. The following is from the "Mirror" of 183S: "Executors S.ile. 
James Bodine Sen'r deceased. * * * * Also two lots of salt meadow, No. i con- 
taining 10 acres, situated in the town of Northfield in said count}- at a place called the 
'Old Place;' bounded south by Tunison's Creek, on the we.st bj- meadow of Wni. 
Blake, on the north by upland of Mrs. Prior, and on the east by meadow of Jacob 
Bodine, conveniently situated and of a good qualit}'. No. 2 containing 4 acres, situate 
as aforesaid, lieing on the opposite side of the .said creek, and nearl }' surrounded by 
water — called 'Ralph's Island.'" This meadow-island lies south of ]\Ir. Kinsey's 
residence on the Old Place road, and is no longer surrounded by the creek, which has 
changed its course. It is, however, still a meadow-island, as the former bed of the 
creek is not entirely filled up, but supports a rank growth of water-loving vegetation, 
that in .sunnner encircles this .small piece of meadow. 

Buckwheat Island. Small meadow-island in the vSound north of Dongan's' 
Island. It is near the mouth of Mark's Creek: Clute, p. 8. It is related that a canal 
boatman ran ashore on this Lsland in the night, and in mentioning the accident, .saic 
he had grounded on "Pancake Island." 

Schutter's, Shutter's, Shuter's, Suter's or Shooter's Island. ()]iposit< 
Mariners' Harbor. Mentioned in the Land l'ai)ers, 1676. F.ew, 1781. Richmont 
Co. Clerk's office, Lit)er B of Deeds, p. 63. r.ayles, ]). 326. Clute, p. 66. Walling.j 
1859. Beers, 1874. 

REEFS, ROCKS. SHOALS, &c. 

Robyn's Rift, "A reef in the Im' at the mouth of the Kill Van Kull was once' 
frequented by .seals, to which the Dutch gave the name Robyn ; hence the nanu 



38 

'Robyn's Rift,' wliich has, by careless usage, become 'Robbin's Reef." Bayles, p. 
3, 6.S1. Chart V. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey, Bay and Harbor of New York. 

Oyster Banks. West of Robl)ins Reef, between Cavan's Point and Con.stable's 
Point, N. J. I5e\v, lySi, shows 'Oyster Bay and Banks, 'and Des Barres, 1777, shows 

'OystL-r Pninks. ' 

Baxter's Ledge. Between St. George and Robbin's Reef. Chart U. vS. Coa.st 
and Geodetic vSurvey. 

Law's Reef. The name apphed to what remains of the old stone dock to the 
west of the present St. George I-'erry slips, and at one time owned by Geo. Law. 

Lightning Rock, A considerab'le mass of outcropping Tremolite on the shore 
near to where the present St. George ferr}' slips are located. The rock was nuich 
worn by the waves, a prominent crevice ran across it, and a large portion ha<l been 
broken off, prol)a1)l}- by glacial action, and transported several yards southward. It 
was the popular tradition that these changes had been brought about by lightning, 
hence the name. 

Denyse's or Black^fish Rock. Near the shore at Brighton Point (vSt. George) 
and about three hundred feet east of Lightning Rock. The place was well known to 
fishermen some years ago, l^ut has now been filled in. 

White Rock. The name of the rock to which Isaac Decker piloted the first 
British soldiers, who landed on Staten Island during the Revolution. Bajdes, p. 
242. The outcrop of granite on the shore, now nearlj- covered by the filling in for 
the Tompkinsville railroad .station, was called the White Rock during recent years, 
and it is quite likely the place where Decker landed the soldiers. 

Split Rock. A large .split rock seen at very low tide olT the shore at the foot of 
Hannah Street, Tompkinsville. 

Sugar Loaf Rock. A prominent boulder, the .shape of a sugar loaf, near the 
paper factory, at the corner of Prospect Street and the Turnpike. It now occupies a 
cleared field, but was once surrounded by woods, and was then a point of pilgrimage 
for the boys of the period. 

Brogan's Rock. A large flat rock on the shore south of Pennsylvania Ave., 
Clifton. Named after Brogan, a 1)oatman. 

Seal Rocks. The name of several drift boulders at Prince's Bay under Light 
House Hill, on ^vhich seals are occasionally seen in winter. 

Nigger=Head Rock. A large boulder at the foot of the bluff at Light House Hill, 
Prince's Bay, and known as a land mark among fi.shermen. 

Strawberry Rock. OfT the shore near the foot of Central Ave., Tottenville. 
This rock received its name from the circum.stance that strawberries once grew about 
it, before the shore had washed away. 

Polly Fountain's or Jacobson's Bar. Just outside of the Narrows. The Jacob- 
son and Pountain farms were at the Narrows and lay side by side. The bar is also 
occasionally spoken of as Keteltas', after the old Keteltas farm, that extended to the 
South Beach at the Old Town Road. Beers, 1S74. 

Craven's Shoal. Off South Beach, northeast of Hoffman Island. Chart, U. S. 
Coast and Geodetic Survey. Map, Bajles' History. 

New Creek Shoal. Near the mouth of New Creek. 



39 

West Bank. Hoffman and Dix Islands east of South Beach are on West Bank. 
Chart, U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey. BelHn, 1764. Bew, 17S1. 

Barnes' Lead. Off vSouth Beach between New Creek and the Ehn Tree Light at 
the foot of New Dorp Lane. 

Great Kill Shoai. Southeast of Crooke's Toint. This is Avhat is called Old 
Orchard Shoal on the government chart (Great Kill Shoal not being mentioned), but 
according to oystermen, &c., the true Old Orchard Shoal is further to the west nearly 
opposite Hugiienot. The Old Orchard, now washed awaj' by the ever encroaching 
sea, is said to have l)een situated ju.st west of Arbutus Lake. "Kill Shoal" is shown 
by vSmith, 1S36. 

Old Orchard Shoal. The Old Orchard Shoal Light is situated a little over two • 
miles southeast of Crooke's I'oint. Chart, U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey. (See 
Great Kill vSlioal. ) 

Middle Ground. The shallow area south of the channel at Prince's Ba}'. So 
called by oystermen, &c. 

Round Shoal. A name for INIiddle Ground, or at least its upper portion. Chart 
L^^. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey. 

Oyster Beds. Same as Middle Ground and Round vShoal. Smith, 1S36. 

Texas. Southeast of Ward's Point, l^etween the channel and ^Middle Ground. 
The water is several feet deeper than on Middle Ground. A well known locality 
among fishermen, &c. 

Mill Creek Shoals. In the Sound at IMill Creek, Tottenville. 

Kreischerville Flats. In the Sound off Kreischerville. 

Big, Great or Storer's Beds. The Great Beds Light is situated southwest of 
Ward's Point. Chart U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey. Fishermen call the wide 
and shallow part of the Sound north of Ellis Point, Great Beds, Big Beds or Storer's 
Beds. 

Story's Flats. INIud flats in the Sound between Ellis and Smoking Points. 
Chart U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey. These flats should be called vStorer's after 
the old Staten Island family of that name who owned the upland. 

Lewis' Beds. Oyster beds in Lewis' or Benham's Creek. 

Perine's Hole. A deep place in Perine's Creek, a branch of New Creek. 

i 
King=>fish Hole. Situated off IClm Tree Light. Known to fishermen 1)y this 
name because the King-fisli or Barb .sometimes occurs there in great nuniliers. 

Deep Hole. In Prince's Bay. vSevcnty- four feet deep. Another deej) hole is in . 
the Sound near Tottenville, and is forty-eight feet deep. vStill another deep hole is 

just l)el()w where the I'resli Kills bridge crosses Richmond Creek. 

■| 
Shannon's Hole. .\ deep place in tlie Sound l)etween Slack's Creek and Bene-'- 
dict's Creek. 

(iarretson's Bar. Near (above) where the old Garretson or Fresh Kills Bridge 
crosseil Riclunond Creek. 

Sea-dog Shoal. Situated near the northerly end of Dongan's Island. Shown, 
but not named, on map 1797. 



40 

Fort Hill. Tlic hill crossed by Wcstcrvelt Avenue, New Brii^litoii, and named 
from the several i'.ritish forts located thereon in Revolutionary time. Clute, p. 93. 
Mentioned in advertisement State Tax Sale, Dee. 189(0. I\Iap of property at l-ort 
Hill, Staten Island, fded 20th July, I.S53. No. 116. 

Quality Hill. An old nickname for Fort Hill, applied to it by the residents of 
Thrifty \'alley. Dutch Hill is a more recent name. 

(ioat Hill. An old name for Fort Hill. The unfenced portion was formerly u.sed 
as a !4X)at pasture. 

Vinegar Hill. The southerly slope occupied by Monroe and Montgomery Ave- 
nues, New r.rij.diton. This was also known as "The Orchard," because Gov. Tomp- 
kins' apple orchard was located there. "The Orchard" is shown on Blood's map, 1845. 

Cork Hill. A later name for Vinegar Hill. The Cork Hill boys and the boys 
from Rocky Hollow used to march against each other .some years ago and indulge in 
" Wild Irish " stone fights. They were imbued with an excess of local pride. 

Redoubt Hill or Mount Tompkins. The prominent hill back of Tompkins- 
ville, on which a 15riti.sh earthwork was located during the Revolution, the remains of 
which are still to be seen. "The Pavilion at Mount Tompkins " is mentioned in 
advertisement by Caleb T. Ward in Richmond IkinMican, March ist, 1828. Mount 
Tompkins is mentioned in the Staaieii Islander, June nth, 1856. Redoubt Hill is 
mentioned in the Staten Island Star, Dec. 14, 1S95. 

Pavilion Hill. The same as Mount Tompkins. A great vSunday resort tliiily or 
forty years ago. Called " Mount Pavilion " in advertisement in N. Y. II< raid of 1835. 
Blood, 1S45. Now occasionally called Cow Hill. 

Ward's Hill. The next hill southeast of Pavilion. 

riount riarion. Same as Ward's Hill. Blood, 1845. 

I Fiedler's Hill. Rises from the Turnpike west of Pavilion Hill. 

Turney's Hill. At the present Hill Street, between Jersey Street and York 
Avenue, New Brighton. 

Grimes' Hill. Rises from the Richmond Road back of Stapleton. 

Capo di Monte. Old name for Grimes' Hill. Blood, 1845. 

Signal Hill. An old name for Grimes' Hill. Rept. vStaten Is. Imp. Com., pp. 
45, 82, 88, 90. The British maintained a number of signal stations on the Island dur- 
ing the war of the Revolution, one of which was located on this hill. 

Schaefer's Hill. The steep ascent at the top of Targee Street, vStapleton. A 
recent name. 

Jackson's Hill. A recent name for the prominent hill rising from the Richmond 
Roail opposite Osgood Avenue, Stapleton, and at present used as a common. It is a 
part of Grimes' Hill. 

Pole Hill. Near Grimes' Hill. Now known as " Morning Side." 

Boyd's Hill. An old name for the high ground along the Richmond Road near 
the head of Wright Street, Stapleton. 

Prospect Hill. At the comer of Bay and Prospect Streets, Stapleton. On Blood's 
map, 1845. Now removed. 



41 

Hamel's Hoofden. The Narrows. "These Hoofden, or headlands, were named 
after Hendrick Haiuel, one of the directors of the West India Company." Bavles, pp. 
47, 83. IMentioned in 1630 in the Indian deed of the Island to Micliil Pauw. INIanual 
of the City of N. Y., 1S69. 

Little Fort Hill. Near the site of the present fort that commands the Narrows. 
Bayles, p. 259. 

Concord Downs. This name has been applied to the large tract of naked, hilly 
land lying between the Finger Board Road and the Richmond Road. It was once 
covered with trees, that would grow again, if protected from the onmivorons goats, 
resident in Concord and vicinity. The same character of conntry, though wooded, 
extends to the Old Town Road. The Downs are now nmch used by golf players. 

Fox Hill. Report Staten Is. Imp. Com., pp. 88, 90. Southwest of the present 
Rosebank railroad station. This and Mayer's Hill are the most prominent of the Con- 
cord Downs. 

Mayer's Hill. The Finger Board Road bends about this hill. Beers, 1S74. 

Roguery Hill. A murder was once committed on a small elevation over which 
the Finger Board Road passes, and which from that circumstance received the name 
of Roguery Hill, and the road became known as the Roguery Hill Road, until the 
guide post, showing the road to Richmond, was erected, when it received its present 
name. Clute, p. 232. A continued story appeared in the Stciaten Islander during 
January and Februar}-, 1854, entitled "The Stranger's Revenge; or. The Haunted 
Swamp of the Finger Board Road. An Historical Legend of Staaten Island, by a new 
contributor." The Roguery Hill nmrder figvtres as a feature of this tale. It is said 
that several robberies were also committed on the hill. Among ' ' lands to be sold 
without reserve," mentioned in advertisement in Richmond BepuUican, March 21st, 
1829, is "a farm containing 20 acres in the aforesaid town of Southfield, bounded on 
the road leading from Roguery Hill to the Narrows." 

Todt or Toad Hill. Rises from the Richmond Road at Garretsons, the present 
Dongan Hills post office. It was not called Todt Hill before the Revolution, but the 
name began to be used during the latter part of the war. Bayles, p. 246. Clute, pp. 
8, 226. In the Stnaten Islander, for Aug. 30th, 1S56, there is an article on the origin 
of the name 'Todt Hill.' It is there stated that in one of the early encounters Ijetwcen 
the Indians and the Dutch .settlers several of the latter were killed on the hill, whicli 
in consequence received the name of Todt or Death Hill. In the next number of the 
paper a correspondent, writing from "Cockroach Allej', Snailville," declares the 
proper name to be 'Toad Hill' and relates this story: "In daj's of }"ore, a young man 
paid his 'di.stresses' — for so the)' were regarded — to a j^oung lady who resided on the 
hill. In order to offend him and cause him to discontinue his unwelcome visits, she 
privately dropped a toad or two — young ladies were not afraid of toads in those 
day.s — into his capacious pockets, where they remained until they became offen.sive. 
This circumstance l)ccame known, and afterwards, whenever a youth was .seen wend- 
ing his way towards the hill, his jesting friends would advise him to take care of his 
pockets if he was going to Toad Hill." Ma]) of ])roi)crt3^ on "Toad Hill" iiled I'eby. 
4th, 1857, No. 157. "Todt or ToacU Hill" is mentioned in advertisement State Tax 
Sale, 1895. 

Iron Hill. .Same as Todt Hill. "Description of a survey of 120 acres of land 
lying in the vicinity of the Iron Hill, upon Staten Island, laid out for Peter Lakcman, 
by Phi Hi]) Welles, surveyor." Lanil Pa])ers, 1685. The "Iron Hills" are nientiontd 
in the patent to John Palmer of 5. 100 acres in 1687. Bayles, p. 115. Clute, pp. 24, 
226. (.See New Lots at Old Town.) 



I 



43 



Yserbcrj; or Iron Mount. "DescripUon of a survej' of 176 acres of land upon 
SLalLii Island under Uic V.scrbcrjf ( or Iron Mount) for Louis Lakenian by Jas: Cortcljan, 
surveyor." Land Papers, 1676. 

Ocean Hill. The hii,diesl part of Stalen Island alonj,' which Ocean Terrace Road 
runs. ]\Iap in P.ayles' History. 

Dongan Knoll. The hii;hest ])()int of the Island overlookinj^ Willow Prook val- 
ley and beyond. Report Staten Is. Imp. Com., pp. 63, 88, 89. 

Camp Hill. A knoll southwest of the Black Horse Tavern, near the Amboy 
Road, and called Camp Hill by the British soldiers durini,^ the Revolution. Proceed- 
ini^s Nat. ,Sci. Association, Vol. IV., No. 7. 

Kellett's Hill. Near Egbertville ravine and the old saw mill pond. Named 
after J. P. Kellett, the proprietor of the Richmond Hill hotel. Proceedings Nat. Sci. 
Association, Vol. i, p. 62. 

Meissner's Hill. A later name for Kellett's Hill, which is now traversed by 
Meissner Avenue. Named after l-Vederick Meissner. Kellett's or Meissner's Hill is 
really only a part of Richmond Hill. 

Richmond Hill. North of Richmond village. Shown by Dripps, 1S50. IVIen- 
tioned in SUiatcn Islander, P'^ebruary 28th, 1S57. Also called L,a Tourette's Hill. 

Crocheron's Hill, Fort Hill, or Look=Out Place. The cedar-covered hill 
west of Richmond village, where the old British fort is located. Geib's Hill is a later 
name. 

Ketchum's or Cemetery Hill. The last hill in the range that commences at 
Brighton Point and terminates suddenly at Richmond Creek. A better view may be 
had of the meadows from the top of this hill than from Look-Out Place. For over a 
hundred years the crown of the hill has been used as a famil}- burj-ing ground. 

Forest Hill. Lies parallel to Richmond Hill, being separated bj- the INIills Dale 
or Buck's Hollow. The Forest Hill Road extends along the crest of this hill. 

Kite or Heifer Hill. That part of Forest Hill over which the road from New 
Sjiringville to Richmond (Poverty Lane) pa.sses. 

Cripp's Back. A hill cro.ssed by the Annadale Road, between Washinglon Ave- 
nue and I'resh Kills Road. The following occurs in notice of auction sale in /iVf/(- 
moiul n<'puJ)lic<in, January 22, 1S31 : "All that certain lot of lanil called Crijjp's P>ack, 
formerlv owned bv Nicholas Journeay, decea.sed, situate in the town of We.stfield, in 
the county of Richmond, beginning at the east corner thereof at Cri]ip's Back Bars, 
so called. * * * " 

Indian Hill. On the Amboy Road, where joined b}- Washington Ave., between 
Khingville and Annadale. In the records of the laying out of the road leading from 
Darby Doyle's Ferry to Billopp's I'erry (part of the Richmond Road and all of the 
Amboy Road) made in 1774, Indian Hill is mentione<l. Lal'orge's Hill is name<l as 
being more to the eastward, probably near the southerly turn of the Amboy Road at 
Eltingville, and Moore's Hill is named as near Sandy Brook. (See Proceedings 
Natural Science Association, Vol. V., p. 14.) "Johnson's Hill and LaForge's Hill, 
near the church of the Huguenots," are mentioned in the Staaten Inlander, Feby. 25th, 
1S54. 

Bunker Hill. An old name for the high bluff at Prince's Bay where the light- 
house now stands. Map, 1797. A rather high conical hill at Ilugiienot, west of 
Arliutus Lake, is now known as Bunker Hill. 



4:^ 

Seguine's or Light House Hill. The hill on which Prince's llay light is locattd. 
CMiart, V. S. Coast and Goodctic Survey. Red Bank Light. \Valling, 1859. Beers, 
1S74. 

Red Bank. The blnlT at Prince's Bay. Colton, 1846. Dripps, 1850. Walling, 
1859. Dripps, 1872. Map in Bayles' History. 

Neddie Ward's or Ware's Hill. Close to and northwest of Pleasant Plains 
railroad station and traverse.l liy the Rossville or Blooniingdale Road. 

Canada Hill. The prominent hill l)ack of the railroad station at Richmond 
Valley, Westfield. 

Sand Ridges. West of Beach Avenue at Richmond Valley, We.stfield. These 
ridges were occupied by the Indians in old time, and at present a number of interest- 
ing hybrid oaks grow in the adjacent lowland known as Decker's Swamp. 

Cronk's or Hopping's Hill. A prominent knoll on the north side of the Am- 
boy Road, Tottenville. 

Burial Ridge. The knoll ne.ir the Billopp House at Tottenville from which 
manv Indian remains have been exhumed. 

The Bluff. At Tottenville, near the end of the Aniboy Road. 

Chestnut Hill. The northern part of Ki-eischerville (Androvetteville) and 
traversed by the Fresh Kills Road. The following may not refer to same Chestnut 
Hill: "Description of a survey of a lot of land containing 81 acres with 8 acres of 
meadow, situate in the middle or body of Staten Island, upon a ridge known by the 
name of Chestnut hill, laid out for Joseph Arosmith, by Phillip Wells, surveyor." 
Land Papers, 16S3. 

Van Allen's or flcComber's Hill. The southern part of Kreischcrville. The 
Fresh Kills Road passes over this hill. 

Kreischer's Hill. At Kreischcrville, oi)posite the brick works. 

Androvette's Hill. Near Kreischcrville, on the south side of 'Gene's Creek. 

Cedar Hill. Near Kreischerville, on the north side of 'Gene's Creek. It is a 
rather high sand hill covered with cedars. 

Burying Hill. A small sand knoll southwest of Smoking Point, near Ro.s.sville, 
supposed to have been used as an Indian burying ground. 

Mount Tobey. The hill on the westerly side of Swaim's or Lal'orge's Lane 
at Valley P'orge, Westfield. 

Pompey's Knoll. A sand dune, cl.)^e to the Sound, between Cannon's or Land- 
in^ Creek and Chelsea. PompL-y was a darkey and live<l on this knoll many years 
ago. 

Sailor's Hill. .\ long sand hill on t)ie southerly side of Decker Avenue (a name 
for the western end of Merrill Aveinie) near Chelsea Road and Saw Mill Creek. The 
hill received its name from the circumstance that a sailor was buried there many 
years ago. 

Big Hummock, or Beulah Land. The long sand hill that extends along the 
meadow at Vroom and Ol«l Place Creeks. 

Little Hummock. A smaller dune to the southeast of the Big Ilunnnock. 



I 



44 



Battle Hill. A saiul <1uir- on the souIIiltIv .si<k' of Bridj^e Creek where it is 
crossed l)y Western Road. One of the nnnierous skirmishes between the British and 
the Americans from New Jersey occurred here chirinj^ the Revohition. A trench was 
(hi.u on the creek side of the hill in which the killed were buried. A ])art of I5attle 
Hill is now occupied 1)\- the dwellini,' and jfarden of the Rev. Jas. IC. Kenny. 

Aunt Gertie's Hill. A hij^di sand dune on the old De Hart farm, to the east of 
Newton's Creek, at Holland Hook. 

Quarry Hill. The trap rock (juarry, known as the l^pper Quarry, near Granite- 
ville, is on this hill. Rayles, p. 433. Dripps, 1S50. Walling, 1859. An account of 
the old (|uarry is given in the Stdten Inlander, July loth, 1.SS9. 

Burger's Hill. At Burger and Castleton Avenues, West New Brighton. A well 
known locality among the boys some years ago, who used to sleighride down 
Burger's Hill. 

Nanny=berry or Sunset Hill. A hill nearly covered with black-haw bushes and 
cat-briers, near where Bard Ave. meets the Clove Road. The open ground on this hill 
is locally known as the Common. 

Hickory Corner. Several old fences met on the highest point just ea.st of the 
ujjper part of the present Bard Avenue, where also stood a hickory tree, and the hill 
top, in consequence, was known as Hickory Corner. 

L Harbor Hill. The high ground at the head of Clinton Avenue, New Brighton. 

Ocean Terrace. The high land between the Clove Valley and the Richmond 
Road along which the Ocean Terrace Road now runs. Map of property on 'Ocean 
Terrace' iiled 19th Sept., i860. No iSr. (See Ocean Hill.) 



Smith Terrace. On Boyd's Hill, Stapleton. 

Upper Terrace. The hill side at vSt. INIark's Place, New Brighton. 



Lower Terrace, Below the Upper Terrace. A part of Richmond Terrace or 
Shore Road. 

Brighton Heights. vSame as Upper Terrace. The "Brighton Heights Dutch 
Reformed Church" is situated on the corner of Tompkins Ave. and Fort Place. 
Clute, p. 260. 

Knyphausen Heights. The high land above Tompkins Ave. General Knyp- 
hausen commanded the British fort situated on these heights, the remains of which 
may still be seen. 

Castleton Heights. The high land north of the INIoravian Cemetery and east of 
ICgbert Avenue. Walling, 1859. The town of INIiddletown was createil by an act of 
the State Legislature in i860 and was formed from parts of vSouthfield and Castleton. 
The hills once called Castleton Heights are now in ISIiddletown. Thoreau in 1843, 
u^<.(l to date his letters at Castleton. He lived on the Richmond Road. The residence 
ol Alderman J. Y. Cebra, on the Turnpike and Cebra Avenue, was also called "Castle- 
ton Heights." Blood, 1S45. 

Huguenot Heights. At the corner of Woodrow Road and Huguenot Ave. 

Thipi^s, ]S-2. 

Chelsea Heights. On the Turnpike, near Signs Road. Walling, 1S59. Beers, 



45 

VATJ.RYS AND HOLLOWS. 

Thrifty Valley. An old name for the low ground through which jMonroe and 
Montgomery Avenues now pass. 

The Clove. The old Dutch ami the present name of the cleft in the hill through 
which the Clove Road finds its way into Clove Valley. Clute, p. 232. Rept. vStaten 
Is. Imp. Com. , p. 45. The Turnpike Road traverses Clove Valle}' from northeast to 
southwest. 

Little Clove Valley. Reaching southward from the Little Clove Road. Rept. 
Staten Is. Imp. Com., p. 64. 

Martling Dale. A part of the Little Clove Valley. Rept. vStaten Is. Imp. Com., 
pp. 64, 88. 

The Glen. At the northwest end of Britton's Pond, near where the mill once 
stood. Rept. Staten Is. Imp. Com., p. 64. 

Manor Dale. That portion of the valley of Willow Brook near the INIanor Road. 
Rept. Staten Is. Imp. Com., pp. 64, 88. 

Mills Dale or Buck's Hollow. Extending from near the old mill at Egbertville 
along the northerh- side of Richmond Hill to Ketchum's INIill pond. Rept. Stateu 
Is. Imp. Com., pp. 64, 88. 

Egbertville Ravine. Lies between Kellett's Hill and Egbertville Road, near 
Egbertville. Richmond or Saw INIill Brook flows through this ravine. 

Blood Root Valley, Black Horse Ravine, or Valley of Dead Man's Creek. This 
deep shaded ravine lies west of Egbert Avenue, about a quarter of a mile from where 
it joins the road to P'gbertville. It is called by the ^rst of these names because the 
Blood Root grows there in abundance; by the second, on account of a tradition that 
a messenger between the British forts used to ride in the days of the Revolution 
through the valley, and by the third, from the circumstance that a dead man was 
once found by the brook side. 

Valley of the Iron Hill or flersereau's Valley. There is to be found in the 
history of the county a pleasing anecdote of the rescue of a young lad}' by her lover, 
Mersereau, from the hands of an unscrupulous British officer, who was qiiartered oni 
the Island during the war of the Revolution. The valle}- where the incident occurred, 
is described as follows: "Almcst directly opposite the junction of the road from' 
Garretson's station with the old Richmond Road, then called the King's Highway, 
there is a deep ravine, penetrating some distance into Todt Hill, at the farthest 
extremity of which there is a .spring of water. Near this, before the war commenced, 
a solitary individual had built a nule cabin, in which he dwelt for .several years, but 
when hostilities began he disa])peared, leaving the cabin vacant. The approach to it 
was by a foot path through the dense fore-st which lined the hill on either side of the; 
ravine." This is .still one of the most beautiful .spots on the Lsland; the hill sides are 
mostly wooded, a pleasant meadow with old apple trees occupies the bottom of the 
valley and the perennial spring flows as in the days of the Revolution. The neighbors! 
and local historians had no name for this place and so the writer of this article, some 
years ago, called it IMer.sereau's Valley. In making up the present paper, .several 
persons referred to it by this name, and .so it has been thought pro]>er to in.sert it here. 
Lately a very aj)i)r()])riate name for this valley was discovered in the survey- fori 
Han.>;sc Christophell, made in 1685. It is there called the Valley of the Iron Hill, the- 
Iron Hill being an old name for Todt Hill. (See New Lots at the Old Town.) 



1761530 

Reed's Valley. A fork of ML-rscrc-au's Valley. It contains a bnjok wiiich joins 
;he one lliat iL.us from the hermit's sprin>(. (Set Reed's Hasket-willow Swani]). ) 

Pleasant Valley. Conniiences near the head of Vanderhilt Avenne, where it 
joins the Richmond Road, and extends up the hill toward the Seri)entine R<jad. 

Rocky Hollow. The hollow hack of Sta])leton through which the old Richmond 
Roa<l runs. It is helow Sij^Mial or Grimes' Hill. Rayles, p. 307. Re])t. .Staten Is. 
Ini]). Com., pj). 45, S2, .S9. 

Poverty Hollow. A liollow at Clifton into which Maryland an<l St. John's 
Avenues lead. 

Means' Hollow. .\ low jiiece of j^round in Rossvillc near the corner of vShea'.s 
Lane and I'rcsh Kills Road thronj^di which flows a small brook. 

Owl's Hollow. Cros.sed by the 1-Vesh Kills Road about one half mile west of 
[)reen Ridijje. Moore's Rrook flows through Owl's Hollow into Wagner's Creek. 

Jan. Tunissen's Valley. "necrii)tion of a .survey of Jan. Tuni.s.scn's valley on 
;he Kill van Kull i Staten Island ) amounting to 24 acres. Rieter Cortelvou, surveyor." 
S'ot dated but jilaced in 1696 of the Land Papers. Probably in the vicinity of Holland 
Hook which is situated on the old Tunissen grant. 

SPRINGS, PONDS AND SWAMPS. 

Watering!: Place. The name of a large .spring that existed until thirty or forty 
jrears ago near the l)lufr at the southerly end of the present railroad tunnel at Tonip- 
cinsxille, where ships used to procure a supply of water before going to sea. The 
lame was also applied to the vicinity of this well known .spring. Called "Wels" by 
Bellin, 1764. Clute, pp. 113, 460, 6S3. Bayles, pp. 85, 192, 241, 326. Map, 1797. 

Hessian Spring. In the valley east of Jersey vSt., New Brighton. Bayles, p. 82. 
Zlute, p. 32. 'Hessian vSprings' are located by Blood, 1845, and by Sidney, 1S49. In 
the "Ab.stract of the Title of Thomas E. Davis to Certain I^ands in Castleton," p. 18, 
[1.834) occurs the following: "* * * * the .said party of the second part, his 
leirs an<l a.ssigns shall have * * * * the spring called the Hessian Spring, being 
ipon .siiid block or square, number sixty, for the purposes of watering the village of 
rompkinsville and the premi.ses hereby conveyed, or for any other purpo.se, and forty 
eet square of land surrounding and including said spring for the purpose of erecting 
hereon buildings and machiner}- for rai.sing sxiid water ****/> 

Cruser or Boiling Spring. Near Bement Ave., West New Brighton. Bayles, 
)p. 6, 116. Proceedings Nat. Sci. As.sociation, Vol. I., p. 62. Boiling Spring brook 
lowed into the Factory Pond. 

Logan's Spring. Near the northerly side of Silver Lake, in the adjoining valley. 
^famed after Logan, an Indian. Clute, p. 6. Blood, 1S45. Sidney, 1S49. lagan's 
Spring brook flows through the Dike to the Kill Van Kull at Livingston. 

Horse-shoe Spring. Occupies a horse-shoe shaped depression in Clove Valley, 

louthwest of Silver Lake. 

Upper Quarry Spring. On the side of Quarry Hill. Granite\-ille. Beers, 1S74. 

Hudson's Spring. Thirty years ago a fine spring issued from beneath the stone 
vail at the corner of the Shore Road and Vanderbilt Avenue, Clifton. It has now 
;ntirely dis;ipi>eared. The tradition is that Henry Hudson, as he sailed ])a.st the 
[sland, sent a boat ashore to procure water, and that he got it at this spring. 



41 

Moravian Spring. In the Moravian Cemetery and now covered by the artificial 
lake. Proceedings Nat. Sci. Association, Vol. IV., p. 52. 

nineral Spring. At Freeman Winant's Swamp, near Union or Springville Road. 
One of the springs that flow into the small pond made by the Crystal Water Co. It 
owes its name to the consideral^le amount of iron found in the water, which at one 
time was taken as a cure for rheumatism. 

Van Buskirk Spring. On the Van Buskirk farm at Garretson's Road, North- 
field. 

New Springville Spring. In New Springville village ; well known to every 
Staten Island pedestrian and bicyclist. 

Indian Spring. To the west .of Willow Brook Road, not far from Conson'si 
Brook. Sam and Hannah, the last Indians resident upon the Island are said to have 
lived for some years near this spring. 

Fresh Pond. Mentioned in Palmer patent in 16S7. Bayles, p. 115. Same as 
Silver Lake. Clute, p. 59. Blood, 1845, Dripps, 1S50. 

Tusliy's Pond. At the corner of the present Cebra and Ward Aves., Middle- 
town. Has been dry for many years. 

Westervelt's Pond. Once .situated in the low ground in Thrifty Valley through 
which Monroe and Madison Avenues now run. It received the drainage of Vinegar 
(Cork) Hill, where the Orchard was located. 

Duck Pond. Near the corner of the present York and Brighton Avenues, New 
Brighton. Now filled in. 

Harbor Ponds. In property of Sailors' Snug Har1)or. One lies north and one 
south of Castleton Avenue. 

Sexton's Pond. An artificial extension of Boiling Spring Brook on the Sexton;' 
property, Castleton Avenue, West New Brighton. 

Barrett's Pond. A small pond in the Barrett Nurser}- grounds at the head of 
Burger Avenue, West New Brighton. 

Britton's Upper Pond, Britton's Pond or Clove Lake (Mill Pond), Martling's 

Pond or Richmond Lake, Reservoir or Brook's Pond, Schoenian's Pond. A series 

of artificial ponds in the Clove Valley repre.sented on most maps of the Island. Thei 

last mentioned has lately been drained. j 

I 
Blake's or Brook's Pond. Artificial pond near the corner of Prospect Street| 

and Manor Road. Walling, 1859. The dam of this pond gave way during the great! 

storm of Sept., 1882, and the torrent demoli.shed the brick and .stone bridge at Pos1| 

Avenue. The dam was not rebuilt. I 

Iron Mine Ponds. The aban<loned iron mines near I'our CorncM-s, now fillecj 
with water. 

Van Boskirk's or Factory Pond. Connected with the N. Y. llyeing and Prinl 
Works, West New Brighton. It is now nearly fdled in and it is proposed to lay out 
several streets upon the newly made land. "^Slill Pond, of the N. Y. Dvcingand Print; 
ing Ivstabli.shment, formerly known as Van Boskirk's Pond," is shown on map filec 
March 20th, 1850, No. 70. 

Reservoir or Barrett's Pond. Back of the Dye Works on Cherry Lane, Wes^ 
New Brighton. Beers, 1874. 



Bodine's Pond. I'oniKd l)y llic- daiimiin;^ of raliiKi's Kiiii ami used for iiiiiiiv 
yi irs by various luilliuj^ industries. The pond was drained some years ago and the 
Wills of the Richmond County Water Co. have been sunk in the remaining marsh. 
Mill Lane (Columbia Street) and Pond Road (Jewett Avenue) skirted the edges of 
this ])(iud. 

Red Lake. Ik-lwceii the Morning Star Road and Sinion.scju Avenue, I'ort Rich- 
mond. The jiond was formed in the depres.sion made by excavating clay for the 
Northfield brick works. Tlicse works were abandoned some years ago an<l the jKjnd 
has lately been drained. 

Cape Hcniopen. Fifty years ago a .small pond on the ea.st side of Van Pelt 
Avenue, not far from the present Kra.stina Station, was known as Cape Henlojien. 
Gradually the name became changed, .so that to-day the children about the place 
know the little pond as Cape Malorca, even sometimes calling it Kate Malorca. At 
present it contains no cape, but there may have been one in old days, or perhaps its 
general shape suggested to the fancy of .some seafaring resident of Mariners' Harbor 
the name of Cape Henlopen. 

False Pond. A small pond several hundred feet east of Cape Henlopen and 
UL-ar Siuiouson Avenue. It seems to have been known as Paul's Pond, after Paul 
Mersereau. 

Long Pond. A very small pond north of Cape Hcnlo])en. It has been known 
by lliis name for many years. 

Sandy Leer. Apparently an old name for this, is the Flag Pond, but of late 
\\ ,irs it has been called Sandy Leer, because an individual by that name once lived 
on vSimonson Avenue, and the pond was back of his garden. 

Log Pond. Near Old Place at South Avenue. Log Brook flowed through this 
small pond which is now drained. 

Dead Han's or Snake Pond. A small pond on the southerly side of Old Place 
Road near the bend, and not far from Spirit Point. It is called Dead Man's Pond, 
because a murdered peddler was thrown into it many years ago. When the good 
inhabitants of Old Place have been going home late at night thev have seen .strange 
sights near this pond. A headless man was once observed lingering near it ; also an 
angel supported on a luminous cloud, which we take to have been a will-o'-the-wisp. 

Sedge Pond. Sedge Pond Creek extends from the Sedge Pond on the Salt 
Meadows to Old Place Creek. 

nersereau's, Charles Wood's or Old Place Hill Pond. This pond was con- 
structed in 1804, by David Mer.sereau who built the tide mill on Old Place Creek. 
I'.ayles, p. 559. Charles Wood's Mill Pond is mentioned in the Richmond lifpiiblican, 

IVb'y 28th, 1 829. 

Clifton Lake. Near New York Avenue, in the grounds formerly belonging to 
Mark Birmingham. Beers, 1874. 

Fort Pond. In the Fort grounds at the Narrows, near the end of Richmond 

Avenue. 

Connor's or Duer's Pond. On what was once the Keteltas farm, at Richmond 
.\veuue, Clifton. Beers, 1874. Now filled in. 

Lily or Luling's Pond. On the westerly side of the railroad track between 
AiTochar and I'ort Wadsworth stations. 



49 

Leavitt's Pond. Between Vaiiderliill and Sinionson Avenues. On what was 
once the Geo. Leavitt property. 

Frog Pond. Near Vanderliilt Avenue, in Leavitt's Woods. Now (brained. 

On the Concord Downs, which are composed of impervious drift material, there 
are many ponds and swamps. Fiftj-two are shown on Vermeule & Bien's map. 
They are nearly all called ponds b\- the neighbors, but are, as a rule, onh- ponds 
by courtesy, most of them being overgrown with swamp-loving vegetation. The 
largest of these ponds and pond swamps are the following : 

Brady's Little Pond. On the edge of the Downs, a few feet to the southeast 
of Simonson Avenue. Also called Duck Pond. 

The Swamp or Clifton Park Pond. On the edge of the Do\\Tisa few hundred 
feet to the northwest of vSimonson Avenue. Clifton Park is shown b}- Walling, 1S59. 
The pond still has a few trees aljout it and is used for skating, 1)eing more of a pond 
than a swamp. The Bogie of the newspapers appeared in this pond in July, 1895, and 
attracted man}- people b}- its loud singing. It was probably an escaped specimen of 
the ordinary- " Jug-of rum " bull frog, that is common enough in parts of New Jersey, 
but has not, so far, been reported from the Island. Goose pond is a small pool a fevv- 
feet to the west of the Swamp and connected with it. 

Wood Pond. Lies several hundred feet to the southwest of the Swamp. This 
small pond has been known by this name for at least fifty years. A still smaller pond 
near by and to the west is known as the Black Pond. 

Swell=BeIIy Pond. A few hundred feet from Wood Pond. If Simonson Ave- 
nue were continued, it would meet this poml. The boys apph- the name rather in- 
definitely to several contiguous swamp-holes, which are interspersed with knolls. 

Radcliff s Pond. Northwest of the Swamp and near Vanderlnlt Avenue. Now 
drained. 

Cherry Pond. A small pond between the Swamp and Radcliff's Pond. It is 
now nearly drained. A cherry tree stands on its margin. 

Elmore's Pond. Near the corner of Simon.son Place and Oder Ave. 

Ipe's Pond. Lies northeast of Steuben Street, and is the largest of the Swamp- 
ponds of the Concord Downs. 

nilier's or Hoble's Pond. Near Steuben Street, Concord. 

Fronkel's Pond. Close to and southwest of Steuben Street, Concord. Contains 
an island. 

Pest's Pond. Adjoins Fronkel's Pond. 

Oottschalk's Pond. Lies southwest of DeKalb Street, Concord. Gottschalk is 
a loo difficult name for many of the neighbors, who have corrupted it into Gunshot. 

Island Pond. On I'ox Hill. A small pond. 

Willow Pond. Included in the l)end of the Finger Board Road. Five willows 
grow on its margin. 

Brady's Pond. Large artificial pond close to railroad track at Grasmere. It 
occupies the site of the Haunted Swanij). (See Haunted Swamp and Brady's Little 
Pond). 

Widmayer's or Track Pond. Lies clo.se to the railroail track at Grasmere, 
nearly ojjposite to Brady's Pond. 



no 

f Woodside Lake. N\ar tin.- Imuj^lt lloanl Road and in wet weatlicr coiuiecteil 

l)V a l)n)()k willi ISrady's I'oikI. HctTS, I.S7.}. 

Van Wajjenen's Pond. An old nainL- for Woodside Lake. 

Old Town Pond. A small poml on the north side of the Old Town Rcxid near 
tlu' railroad track. I'roceedings Nat. Sci. .Vssociation, Vol. I\'., p. 7. 

Butler's F*ond. vSouth of the railroail track between Oarretson's station and 
Grant City. I'roceedinj^s Xat. Sci. A.ssociation, Vol. II., j). 75. 

Woolsey Pond. On the old Woolsey place on Todt Hill, clo.-e to the I'onr 
Corners Road. 

Johnson's Pond. Near Tyson's Line, New I) )rp. Once a coinidv-raMe jxtnd , 
bnt drained some years aj^o. Named after .\nthony Johnson. Drijips, 1^50. Wallinjf, 
iS5i). Dripps, 1S72. 

lilack Pond and Moore's Pond. On the sonth side of the Richmond Road, 
near Moore .Street, Richmond. Roth have been drained. A Iio.l; remains on the site 
of Black I'ond, where cranberries j^row in some abundance. 

I Ketchum Mill Pond. West of Richmond. Mill no lonj.,'er in existence. Chite, 
p. loi. Often mentioned in Rep't. Staten Is. Imp. Com. Another mill pond was 
once situated further u]) Ketchum's Rrook, on the southeast side of I-'orest Hill RoacL 
The remains of the old dam may still be seen. 

Hall's Gun Factory Pond or Willow Brook Pond. .\n artificial pond at Willow 
Brook. Dripps, 1850. Wallinj^, 1S59. 

Standring's Pond. Close to and .southeast of the Gun Factory Pond. Walling 
1S59. Beers, 1S74. 

I Crocheron Mill Pond or Bull's Head Pond. Near Sign's Road at Bull's Head. 
The mill is no longer in existence. 

Saw Mill Pond. Near Kgbertville. Both mill and artificial pond are gone. 

r Geib's Mill Pond. At the old ti.le mill on Richmond Creek below the hill 
where the British Fort was located. It was formerly known as the Crocheron Jlill 
Pond. Drijips, 1850. The mill was advertised for sale in the Staatfii MundiT during 
1S57. 

Mill Pond at Green Ridge. An arm of Richmond Creek dammed in order to 
form a head of water for the old Henry Bedell tide mill. Beers, 1.S74. Bedell's Mill 
Pond was once called Seguine's Pond, advertisement liiclnnoiid liipublicitii, Oct. 4th, 
1S2S ; also Micheau's Pond, advertisement Stantcu Inlandt r, Sept. 9th, 1S57. 

Lake's Mill Pond. A tide mill pond at (^reat Kill that used to operate the old 
Lake mill which has lately fallen into ruins. 

Clay Ponds. Some of the clay diggings at the brick works near Green Ridge 
ha\ e become filled with water and are locally known as the Clay Ponds. 

Seguine's Pond. .\t the shore, below .\iniadale statioti. This was one of the 

nio-l beautiful pondson the Island before the timber was cleared away from its margin. 

I LaTourette's Pond or .Arbutus Lake. .\t the shore below Huguenot .station 
on the old La Tourette farm. The Trailing Arl)utus or May flower used to grow in 
considerable abundance in the vicinity and gave to the pond its latter-dav name, 
which is sometimes corrupted into Brutus I^ike. A bulkhead recently built has 
caused the .sand to form at the shore end of this pond and prevents the salt water 
from entering it. 



51 j 

Wolfe's Pond. At the shore, below rrince's Bay, northeast of Segiiine's Point, j 
Woh'e's t)rouk Hows into this pond. 

Salt Pond. Close to Light Honse Hill, at Prince's Bay. So called because the 
tide flows into it. It has of late years become a marsh. 

Brown's Pond. An old name for a small pond northwest of Light House Hill, 
Prince's Bay. It is now on the ]\It. Loretto grounds and used as an ice pond. 

Elliott's Pond or The Rink. Near the Amboy Road and Elliott Avenue, Tot- 
tenville. This was formerh- a swamp, but is now a favorite skating place in winter, 
hence, one of the names. 

Three nusk=rat Ponds. vSoutheast of Elliott's Pond and near Uncle Ed. 
Wood's Brook. 

Long Pond. To the east of the Three Musk-rat Ponds. Lately enlarged. 

'Weir's Mill Pond. At Mill Creek, Tottenville. Walling, 1S59. 

Lyster's or LaForge's Pond. Partly on the Lyster and partly on the LaForge 
farm, near INIt. Tobey, at Valley Forge. Now nearly drained. The outlet of this 
pond is a branch of Killifish Brook. 

Boggy Meadows. Hollow near the Smith Infirmary, through which Brighton 
Avenue now passes. A name of thirty or forty years ago. Duck Pond was a feature 
of the locality. 

Logan's Spring Swamp, Near Silver Lake. (See Logan's Spring.) 

Clove Lake Swamp. In the Clove Valley and crossed by the Turnpike Road. 
Often mentioned in connection with the natural history of the Island. 

Bloodgood's Swamp. Near Sand Lane, south of Richmond Avenue, Clifton. 
Wm. Bloodgood is represented as owner of considerable land by Blood, 1S45. 

Qarretson's or Sharrott's Swamp. North of the Finger Board Road close to 
where it is crossed l)y the track of the Staten Island railroad. 

Linden Park Swamp. Below Linden Park near Garretson's Station. BrancheSj 

of Perine's Creek drain this swamp. Often mentioned as a locality in connection 

with the flora of the Island. i 

I 

Haunted Swamp. By placing a dam near the Finger Board Road, and with thel 
aid of the railroad embankment, this swamp has been converted into Brady's Pond. 1 
It received its name from the robberies and nmrder connnitted on its edge, on Rogu-i 
ery Hill. (See Roguery Hill. ) 

Reed's Basket=willow Swamp. In the hills, near the Richmond Road all 
Garretsons. The Reeds, father and son, were basket makers; they grew willows inj 
this swamp and resided in a small house on its margin. In a fit of despondency, afteii 
having parted with his jjroperty, the younger Reed burned the house to the ground i 

Ben William's, Haunted or Magnolia Swamp. To the west of the Amboj 
Road, Ijetween Oak wood and Giflords. "A very worthy old stage driver, named^ 
Ben Williams, running a line of stages over the route nearly parallel with that whicl; 
had been selected for locating the railroad, remarked on learning that such a roac 
was in contemplation, 'Make a Railroad ! Where will they get passengers from? : 
have run my stages for five years, and am not half full most of the time." "Hand 
Book and Business Directory of Staten Island," p. 13. 



52 

Boylsted's Swamp. Shown l>y IJuw, 17.i1, 'mt made to cover so imuh tcrri- 
torv that its jjosilioii is miccrlaiii. Tlie Ilaimlc-il or Magnolia Swaiiii), liowever, a])- 
ptars to occupy a portion of the ground. 

Decker's Swamp. West of Heach Avenue, at Richmond Valley, Westficld. 
The Sand Ridj^cs form the western hoiindary of this sw.'mp. 

Christopher's Swamp. Near the Billopp House, Tottenville. 

Ellis' Swamp. Crossed hy the Fresh Kills Ro»d at Kreischerville. 'Gene's 
Creek extends into this swamp. 

Freeman Winant's Swamp. vSouthwcst of Union or New Sprinj^ville Road, 
on the edge of Neck Creek meadow. The Cry.stal Water Co. have loaited wells at 
tlii-' point. 

Crocheron's Swamp. Southwest of ITnion or New vSpringville Road on the 
edge of Dock Creek meadow. New Springville Brook flows through this swamp. 

Vreeland's Swamp. On both sides of Union or New Springville Road, between 

Croclieron's and Freeman Winant's Swamp. Vreeland's Brook flows through this 
swamp into Dock Creek. 

Great Swamp. Extends from the present Graniteville to New Springville. 
aieiitioned in the patent to Palmer in 1687. Bayles, p. 115. Clute, p. 59. 

Long Creplebush. " Petition of John Shadwell, of the county of Richmond, 
praying that S or 10 acres of land, lying between his lot and the long creplebush, in 
said county, may be surveyed in order that he ma}' obtain a patent for the same." 
Land Papers, 1702. There was a Cripple Bush on New York Island, as appears from 
the following : "One Lott of Ground Lying and being near the Crupple Bush." New- 
York Weekly Journal, December, 1734. " Be.stevaer's Cripple Bush, was the Dutch 
name for what was afterward called Beekman's Swamp, covered by the present Ferrj-, 
Gold and adjacent streets." " Bestevaar's Cripplebush, or the Old ISIan's Swamp." 
Valentine's Manual, p. 469, 1S56 ; p. 545, iS6oand 1S64. 

Hilleker's Swamp. Crossed by Merrill Road, near Watchogue. 

Pine Tree Swamp. Near I.^mbert's Lane, Watchogue, and north of Hillek- 
er's Swamp. Also known as Magnolia Swamp. Pine Tree Swamp is mentioned in 
the Richmond Rcpiiblicnn, INIarch iSth, 1831. 

The Swamp. A local name for the small swamp on Bard Avenue, near where 
the Morgan residence now .stands. 

MEADOWS, FIELDS AND PLAINS. 

Flats. The best known arc the Stapleton Flats (Bayles, p. 304). located at the 
foot of Prospect Street. They were made by digging away Prospect Hill and filling 
in along the shore. The level ground at Brighton Point (St. George) was also once 
known as the Flats. 

Baker's Field. At Montgomery and Monroe Avenues, New Brighton. A well- 
known children's play ground about 1870. 

The Fresh Meadow. In Logan's Spring Valley, north of vSilver Lake. Named 
in ihe Palmer or Dongan patent, in 16S7 (Bayles, p. 115); al.so in deed of Dongan's 
trustees to Ilendrick Hendrickson. In the Phillip Welles patent the Fresh Meadow- 
is mentioned as near a "jn^eat rock stone." 



53 

Great Plain. vSaid to have been the comparatively level tract to the east of the 
Great Swamp. The follo\vi:i;i; is from a notice of sale at public auction contained in 
the Richmoi'd Repbulican, Feb'y 5th, 1831 : "* * * all that certain tract or parcel 
of land, situate, h'ing and being in the county of Richmond and state of New York, 
and in the town of Castleton, at or near a place formerly called soldier's lots, in the 
rear of the land patented to Cornelius Corson and others, on the great plain * * *." 

Little Plains. "Petition of Samuel Blachford, praying that a lot of land lying 
upon ve little plains, adjoining to ye soldiers lots on Staten Island, may be laid out 
for him," Land Papers, 16S3. 

New Dorp Plains. The level country about New Dorp Lane. Higginson, i860. 
Report vStaten Is. Imp. Com., pp. 74, 79. Staateii Islander, Feb'y i6th, 1856. 

Great Kill fleadow. At Great Kill, and mentioned in advertisement in Rich- 
mond Republican, May 29th, 1830. The wet land along the edge of the meadow is 
locally known as "The Bogs." 

The Meadows. A local name for the low land between Ward's Point and the 
Cove, Westfield. 

Fertile Plain. Between Benedict's Creek and the Fresh Kills Road. Walling, 
1S59. Named on the various editions of Colton's Road Map of Staten Island. 

Buckram Field. The field south of the Dye Works at Broadway, W^est New 
Brighton. Soldiers were encamped there during the last war. 

Butt Field. Near the Morning Star Road, at Red Lake. Well known to the 
neighbors as a ball ground, and called the Butt Field because in one portion of it 
there are stones and stumps, the latter, however, now mostly removed. 

Old Blue=Bent Field. The public school building on Andros Avenue, Mariners' 
Harbor, stanils on part of the Old Blue-Bent Field. The name was applied to a tract 
of sandy land where the blue-bent or beard -grass {Andropogon) still grows in abund- 
ance, and where the Indians lived in old time, as evinced by their implements still to. 
be found in the field. 



PART II. 



FERRIES AND LANDINGS. 

^'^IIERE is a chapter devoted to ferries and transportation in the "History of Rich- 
mond County," but some of the following notices antedate those mentioned in 
the history. A valuable account of Slateii Island Ferries is also to be found in 
tlic action of the "Mayor, etc., of New York, plaintiffs, against John II. Stariii, Inde- 
pendent Steamboat Company, and others, defendants," 18S5. 

Indian, Decker's, Ryers', Hilleker's and Mersereau's Ferries. At what is 
now known as Port Richmond. Clute, pp. 221, 309. Bayles, pp. 172, 202, 246, 560, 
6iS4. Decker's Ferry is on Bew's map. 1781, and is mentioned under date of 1777 in 
Valentine's Manual, 1863. Ryers' ferr} Is on map, 1797, and on Eddy's map of 1812. 
John Ryers ran an opposition to John Hilleker's ferry. David Mersereau bought out 
both of these ferries. In the county clerk's office there is a "Map of Land at Irring- 
|ton or Mersereau's ferry, Staten Islaiul," .surveyed, 1842 (No. 28). Ryers' and Mer- 
sereau's ferry is mentioned in iStaaten Inlander, June i8th, 1856. 
I 

Dacosta's Ferry. Placed on Bew's Map, 1781, to the west of the Dutch Church, 

at what is now Port Richmond. 

Schuyler's Ferry, Elizabethport and Staten Island Ferry. In 1762 Adoniah 
Schuyler operated a ferry between Ivlizabethtown Point and the Island. Bayles, p. 
684. In 1 85 1 the Elizabethport and Staten Island Ferry Co. was organized and service 
maintained for a period. 

De Hart's Ferry. Located 500 to 600 feet east of the New Brighton landing at 
the foot of Jersey St. In 1747 Jacob De Hart petitioned Gov. Geo. Clinton for letters 
patent for a public ferry. He had operated the ferry for some time pre\'ious to his 
petition. 

Beek's and Corsen's Ferries. On ilay 15, 1747-8, a petition in opposition to 
De Hart was presented by neighboring property owners. "John Beek and Jacob 
Cor.sen have for some 3'ears past, used to carry travellers from their lands to the City 
of New York and to the opposite shores of New Jersey * * * ." 

Comes' Ferry. In 1747, Solomon Comes having purchased DeHart's farm before 
any decision upon DeHart's petition had been reached, renewed this petition : "Peti- 
tion of Solomon Comes for a ferry between Staten Island and New York, &c." "Peti- 
tion that his ferry between Stiiten Island and New York, may Ix; declared a public 
ferry." Land Papers, 1747, 1748. Conies' petition was granted. 

Van Tuyl's or Van Tyle's Ferry. To the we.st of Comes,' formerly DeHart's, 
ferry. " Petition of Otto Van Tyle and others, agaiii.st granting Jacob de Hart a 
patent for a ferry between their land and the river, and the land between high and 
low water mark (Staten Island) with caveat." Land Papers, 1747. 

Qozen Ryerson's Ferry. At the ea.st end of Staten Island at the entrance to 
the Kills. Bayles, p. 6S3. In the minutes of the Common Council for ^larch 29th, 
1785, there is a memorandum stating that the Staten Island ferry was .sold fi>r the 
term of three years, from May ist, 1786, to Ciozen Ryerson for /" 20 per annum pay- 
able quarterly. 



55 

Still House Landing. Named from a distillery built hy Capt. Thomas Laurence 
on a small wharf at the present New Brighton landing at the foot of Jersey St. 
Bayles, p. 82. Director Kieft founded a brandy still on the Island in 1640, which is 
said to have been the first manufactory of spirituous liquors in America. 

Some Other North Shore Ferries were the New Brighton Ferry, main- 
tained by Thos. E. Davis, Griswold and Nathan Barrett, who ran the steamboat "New 
Brighton" in 1S37 or 1S3S; George Law's ferrv from 1859 to 1864? ; the North Shore 
Staten Island Ferry Co., purchasers of George Law's ferrj^ i860 to 1877; New York 
and Staten Island Steamboat Co., .successors to the last mentioned company, from 
1877 to 1884, when the Staten Island Rapid Transit Railroad Company connnenced 
operations. 

Watson's, Ducket's, Darby Doyle's, Wm. Leake's, Cole's and Van Duzer's 
Ferries. According to Faden's map of 1776, Do5de's ferry was at the present Staple- 
ton, at or near the Basin. Cole's ferr}'^ is often mentioned in the accounts of the 
Revolution. It was at the end of the Richmond Road, at its junction with the present 
Bay St., and later became known as Van Duzer's ferr}-. Property belonging to 
Edward Ferine and wife is described in 1801 as: "Beginning from south side of IMain 
road leading from Van Duzer's Ferry to Richmond Town at the northeast corner of 
John Bodine's land," &c. Van Duzer's perianger ferr}- seems to have been in opera- 
tion from before 1788 to 1817. It is shown b}- Eddy, 1812. The old Van Duzer- 
homestead has only recently fallen into ruins. "Vanduzer's Old Landing" is shown 
by Dripps, 1850. Bayles, pp. 143, 1S5, 202, 242. 326, 6S3, 684. 

Vanderbilt's Periauger Ferry. Plied between what is now Stapleton and New 
York from about 1800 to 1817. This ran in opposition to Van Duzer's Ferr}'. 

Dove and Bellue's Ferry. "The statement in the petition and the Governor's 
warrant that there was a public road leading to the 'place on the eastermost part of 
Staten Island called Sand Bay, very convenient for travelers and transporting of goods 
and the posts,' taken in connection with an ancient map of Staten Island made by 
S. Bellin in 1764, found in Valentine's New York City Manual for 1861, page 597, 
shows quite conclusively that the Staten Island end of this ferry was at the foot of 
Cliff Street, just south of tlie present Quarantine officer's .station in Clifton, about a 
mile below \'anderbilt or Clifton Landing, and on the line of the present Fingerboard 
Road, which undoubtedly formed in those days part of the Old Aniboy Road, overi 
which the posts traveletl on their way from the mainland to the city." Mayor, &c., . 
of New York again.st Starin &c., Argument for Defendants, p. 6. (See Sand Bay.) 

Narrows Ferry. " vSilvanus Seamans, who keeps the upper ferry, at the Nar- 
rows, on Staten Island side, having good boats for that purpose, proposes, besides the 
proper attendance at the said ferry, constantly to keep a passage boat to go from 1 
thence to the city of New York, which will certainly set out every Tuesday and Fri- 
day, and return the same day if possible, and at any other time, if passage or freight 
presents. All gentlemen and others maj' depend on the best usage and care, either 
of themselves, horses or goods of any kind ; he also keeps very good entertainuKiiL 
for men and horses. On either of those days the Ijoat may be found in New York 1)y , 
inquiring at JVIr. John Cregier's, a corner house at the Old Slip. " N. Y. Wickly Post Boy, , 
July, 1745. (Reprinted in Valentine's Manual, 1862.). The " Narrows Ferry " is j 
marked on Faden's map, 1776. Frederick Simon.son owned a ferry at the Narrows in I 
1777. Bayles, pp. 143, 171,681,684. " This is to inform the puldic that John Lane 
now keeps the ferry at Yellow Hook on Long Island, six miles below New York Ferry, 



f 



6(5 



and lias ))ro\i<lc(l j^ooil l)oats, well fiUcd willi ijr<*i)Lr hands, and will he ready at all 
times, winil and weather perniillin}^, to j^o to Smith's l*"erry, on Stateii Island with a 
sin,t;le man only. X. 15.— Travelers are directed to ohserve in goinj^ from I'Mathnsh to 
Sand Ferry, to keep the marked trees at the rij^ht hand." Re])rinted in \'alentine's 
Mannal, 1.S55, ]). 571, from an old newspaper of 1753. 

Tompkins' or Quarantine Landing. The ferry landinj^ at Tom])kinsville (see 
Quarantine). "The Steam Boat Bolivar, Capt. Oliver Winderhilt, and the steam boat 
Nautilus, Capt. Robert Ha/;ird, will take passenj^ers to and from New York to the Quar- 
antine Dock, Nautilus Hall, Mount Pleasant Garden, Planter's Hotel, and Union Gar- 
den, Staten Island, and start as follows : I<eave Staten Island at 7 a. m., at 8 a. m., at 
10 a. ni., at half pa.st 12 p. m., at half past 2, at half past 4, and at 6 o'clock. Leave 
Whitehall, New York, at S a. m., and at 10 a. m., at half past 12 p. m., at half pa.st 2, 
at half past 4, at half pa.st 5, and at 7 o'clock. I'are each way, 12 and a half cents." 
Advertisement in liichmoii'.l liepublicuii, June, 1.S2S. "I'or Freij^ht or Charter. — The 
fasi-sailinji I'eriau'jjer, New York, of 34 tons, will take in freight or passengers for 
New York or the adjacent country, on the most moderate terms. I'or freight or pas- 
sage apply to John Kettletas, Tompkinsville." Advertisement in lUcliinond Republi- 
can, Dec. 22d, 1S27. Tompkins' and Staples' Ferry is mentioned in advertisement in 
New York Ilernld oi 1S35. Proceedings Nat. Sci. Association, Vol. Ill, p. 60. 

First, Second and Third Landings. Before the present rapid transit system, 
Tompkinsville Landing at the foot of Arietta St., was often called I'irst Landing; 
Stapleton Landing at the foot of Canal St., Second Landitig, and Clifton Landing, 
near the foot of \'anderbilt Ave., Vanderbilt's or Third Landing. 

Vanderbilt's Landing. Near the foot of Vanderbilt Avenue, Clifton. Named 
after Cornelius Vanderbilt. Dripps, 1S50. Walling, 1S59. Beers, 1S74. A name in 
much use until recent years. 

Some Other East Shore Ferries were Tompkins' & Brown's Steamboat 
ferry, operated from 1S17 to 1S27 ; the Fulton Bank ferry, from 1S27 to 1S33; Rich- 
mond Turnpike Co's. ferry, from 1833 to 1845 ; C. Vanderbilt's ferry, from 1845 to 
1**^55; Jacob L. Smith's ferry (lease in his name), from 1856 to 1S67. George Law 
was chief owner in the Smith ferry and sold it to the Staten Island Rail Road Com- 
pany in 1S63 or 1S64, who continued its management until the Staten Island Rapid 
Transit Rail Road got control. 

I Seguine's Landing. At Seguine's Point, Westfield. Mentioned in advertise- 
ment in the 3////v/', -Vug. iith, 183S. 

Amboy, Billopp's, Dote's ( Doty 's) and Butler's Ferries. At Tottenville. 
"These are to inform all persons that there is a ferry settled from Amboy over to 
Staten Island, which is duly attended for the conveniency cf those that have occasion 
to pass and repass that way. The ferriage is fourteen pence, Jersej- currency, for man 
and horse, and five pence for a single passenger." Reprinted in Valentine's Mannal, 
1862, p. 715, from an old newspaper of July, 1737. Amboy Ferry is on Bew's map, 
17S1. Bayles, pp. 143, 6S1, 6S4. Proceedings Nat. Sci. Association, Vol. III., p. 54. 
Map, 1797. (See Philadelphia Turnpike. ) 

Totten's Landing. At the foot of the present Main or Tottcn .St., Tottenville. 
Dripps, 1S50. 

Elting's Landing. At the present Kreischerville. Dripps, 1850. 

Blazing Star Ferry. At the present Rossville. Clute, p. 73. Bayles, pp. 192, 
682. On Map, 1797. "Ferry at Blazing Star. Francis B. Fitch, re.si>ectfully informs 



07 

the Public, that he has once more started the above Ferry, for which he has bliiU S 
first-rate Scow, and as soon as the traveUng will warrant, he intends adding a Horse 
Boat, and no exertion or expense on his part, shall be wanting to secure public 
patronage. The Turnpike to the Quarantine, (it being only seven miles) is now in 
complete order, as also the Turnpike to New-Brunswick, twelve miles. The road to 
Rahway, Milton, Westfield, &c., is also in good repair. Blazing Star, Nov. 24th, 
1827." Adv. in Richmond liepiiblican Nov. 24th, 1S27. "Old Blazing Star ferry" is 
mentioned in Jt>ta((ti'n Islander, Jan. 25, 1854. 

New Blazing Star Ferry. On Long Neck, where the present Linoleumville is 
situated. Bayles, pp. 192, 682, 6S4. Map, 1797. ( See Philadelphia Turnpike. ) The 
"New Feny" is shown by Eddy, 1812. 

ROADS AND LANES. 

Under the colonial government, Richmond County was divided in March, 168S, 
into Castletown, Northfield, Southfield and Westfield. Under the State government , 
act of March 7th, 1788, these divisions were again made and their boundaries fixed. 
Bayles, pp. 95, 326. The town of Middletown was not organized until i860. As 
might be supposed, portions of the boundaries of the original four towns were fixed 
by some of the old roads. Thus, on the map of 1 797 the west boundary of Castletown 
(now the west boundary^ of Castleton and Middletown) is shown as a single road lead- 
ing from the present Watchogue Road to the Richmond Road, and is described as 
leading to Houghwout's Mill, and 'as it runs along by Richard Conners to the Tav- 
ern called the Ro.se and Crown, on the said Road leading to Richmond-Town." This 
single road which extends in a general way north and south, has received different 
sectional names. Thus the part from the Watchogue Road to Willow Brook is known 
as the Willow Brook Road (Beers, 1874); the following southeasterly stretch as the 
Summer Field Road (Beers, 1874); then the southwesterly stretch as the Manor 
Road, and then the following southeasterly stretch as the vSaw Mill, Conner or 
Egbertville Road. This naming has come about by the opening of new roads that are 
direct continuations of parts of the old zigzag highway, leaving it as a whole, a short 
cut to nowhere. 

King's Highway. The Richmond Road. Bayles, p. 223. "Petition of Jacob 
Galliott and others, of Richmond county, for a warrant to lay out a cartway from 
their lands to the King's Highway." Land Papers, 1707. This road is described in 
i8oi as "main road leading from Van Duzer's Ferry." "Richmond Road to 
Quarantine" is shown on map of property purchased by the Staten Island As.sociation, 
filed in March, 1839, No. 22; also on other maps of about the same date. "Road 
from Richmond Village to the Quarantine" is shown on map of the John Brilton 
farm, filed Oct. 29th, 1853, No. 125. 

Richmond Plank Road from Vanderbilt's Landing to Rossville. "Map of 
the Richmon(i Plank Road from Van(krl)ilt's Landing to Rossville, 10.297 miles, 
J. B. Bacon, Surveyor, vStaten Lsland," 1853. Filed 30th June, 1853, No. 114. The 
roads leading into this highway are the following, the names in parenthesis being 
additional to those given on the above mentit)ned map : 

Shore Road. (Bay St. Beer.s, 1874. ) 

Old Richmond Road. 

Clove Road. 

Fingerbt)ard Road. 

Old Town Road. 



Castlctoii Road. ( I'mir Coriu-r Road. Ik-er.s, 1S74.) 

New Dorp Italic 

Ainhoy Road. 

Manor Road. (S.'i\v-iiiill, Coiiikt or lv!.;l>crtvillf Road. ) 

(lifFord's Laiif. 

I'ort Richmond IMank Road. (Seaside Ave. Heers, 1S74. ) 

South Sitle Road. ( Annadale Road. ) 

Road to South Side. (Journeay Ave. Beers. 1874.) 

Washinj^on Avenue. 

Killi-fish Road. (Swaini's or LaPorf^e's Lane.) 
■ Woodrow Road. ( Shea's L,ane, Road to Woodrow, &c. ) 

' On several maps fded in 1843 and 1S54, appears the "Richmond IMank Roa<l," 

the "Plank Road from Vanderbilt's Landinj^," or the "Richmond IMank Road to 
Vanderbilt's Landinj^. " In the Staitttn Iitlaiidfr ior Jiiu. 23d, 1856, it is stated that 
the Richmond IMank Road Company has i)aid 14 per cent., and is now paying a divi- 
dend of 20 per cent. 

Shore Trail. The Shore Road or Richmond Terrace. Said to have been an 
Indian trail. The road formerly ran all the way around the shore from Mariner's 
Harbor to the old Tompkinsville Landing, but when the Quarantine hospitals were 
built, that end of the road was closed. Proceedings Nat. Sci. As.socialion, Vol. II., 
p. 52. "Shore Road to Mersereau's I'erry" is .shown on map of vSinionson property, 
filed June iS, 1S34. No. 6. 

Haley's Lane. An old name for Davis Avenue, West New Brighton. 

Parker Avenue. An old name for Davis Avenue. Given by Walling, 1859. 
Shawnuit Avenue was a proposed name for Davis Avenue, (Beers, 1S74. ) 

Elliott Place. An old name for First Street (Beers, 1874), now Livingston Place, 
at Livingston. 

Mill Lane. The present Columbia Street. Bayles, pp. 5, 207. Clute, p. 97. 

Pond Road. The present Jewett or Division Avenue. Beers, 1S74. Bayles, p. 5. 

Little Pond Road. Same as Little Clove Road. Dripps, 1872. 

Ellingwood Road. Many of the iron mines on Ocean Terrace were situated on 
the Kllingwood property and the Ellingwood or Iron Mines Road lead to them from 
the Little Clove Road. The northern portion of the Ocean Terrace Road of the pres- 
ent maps represents a part of the old ICUingwood Road. The Douglass Road, the 
most tortuous private or public highway on the Island, was also partly on the Klling- 
wood property. Beers, 1874. Advertisement State Tax Sale, 1890. 

Philadelphia Turnpike. Report Staten Islaml Improvement Commission, p. 73. 
Same as Richmond Turnpike, which was once the post and stage road to Philadelphia. 
That jxjrtion of the Turnpike, from its present junction with the Little Clove Road to 
the head of what is now known as Jewett Avenue, is represented on the map of 1797. 
The remainder of the road, both to the east and west of this section, was laid out in 
1815 and 1816 by the "Richmond Turnpike Company," as appears from the following, 
copied from the session laws of 1S15, act of March 31st, page 1 19. "Be it enacted &c. 
that all such persons as shall associate themselves together for the purpo.se of making 
a good and sufficient turnpike road in the most clirect and practical route from a point 
on the easterly side of Staten Island within one mile of the marine hospital or 
Quarantine Ground in the County of Richmond to the westerly shore of .said Staten 
Island at such point on the said westerly shore as may be in the most direct line from 



59 I 



the place of be.e:inning to the City of New Brunswick in the vState of New Jersey, and 
a branch of saiil road in the most direct route to Aniboy Ferry shall be and hereby are 
created a body coqjorate and politic by the name and style of Richmond Turnpike 
Company." The Session laws of 1817, page 17, Dec. i, declares that it shall not be 
necessary for the Richmond Turnpike Co. to make a branch to Amboj- Ferrj- from the 
road already completed by them leading from the Bay of New York to the New 
Blazing Star Ferry and they are thereby released from the same. The New Blazing 
Star Road is shown on map finished Oct. 12th, 1793, and filed Feb'y 7th, 1852. No. 89. 
The Turnpike was sometimes called the Governor's Road, that is, Gov. Tompkins' 
Road, because he was instrumental in having it laid out. 

Long Neck Road. Rept. vStaten Is. Imp. Com., p. 73. Same as Richmond 
Turnpike. 

Old Burying Hill Road. At Travisville. Extends from Cannon Avenue past 
what is now Sylvan Cemetery, to the Turnpike. 

Church Road, Port Richmond Plank Road, Stone Road. Road leading 
from Port Richmond to New Springville. Known at first as the Church Road, then 
as the Port Richmond Plank Road, then as the Stone Road, and now called Rich- 
mond Avenue. This old highwa)' is a direct continuation of the Moniingstar Road 
at Graniteville, and it is to be regretted that when the change of name was made, that 
Moniingstar was not preferred. Map of the Port Richmond and Fresh Kill Plank 
Road. I'iled T5th March, 1852. No. 95. "Port Richmond and Fresh Kills Plank 
Road Company. The annual election of a Board of Directors of this Compau}- will 
take place at the office of the Compau}- at Marshland, on Wednesday, INIarch 5tli, at 
12 M. By order of the Board of Directors. Dated, Marshland, Feb'y 6th, 1S56. II. I. 
Seaman, Secretary." Advertisement in Staaten Islander, INIarch ist, 1S56. "B'd N. 
by Springville Cemetery, E. by Stone road, and S. & W. by land of Cortlandt Cro- 
cheron and others; with house, S^i acres. Adv. State Tax Sale, Dec, 1890. 

Garretson's Road. Dripps, 1872. 

South Broadway. Beers, 1874. Garretson's Road or South Broadway, also 
once known as a part of the Port Richmond and Fresh Kills Plank Road, is the road 
leading from New Springville to Green Ridge. Garretson's toll bridge across Rich- 
mond Creek fell into ruins .some years since. It connected Eltingville or Seaside 
Avenue ( Plank Road, Iligginson, 1S60) in Westfield, with the Church or Port Richmond 
Plank Road (Stone Road) in Northfield. The Port Richmond and Fresh Kills Plank 
Road and the Plank Road from Vander'uilt Landing, are shown on map of land, be- 
longing to Obadiah Bowne, Esq , situate in Westfield, Richmond Co., N. Y. Filed' 
Nov. 9th, 1853. No. 128. Garretson's Road is occasionally called Bridge Avenue, 
and also the Old Turnpike. (See Fresh Kills Bridge. ) 

Morgan's Road. Previous to the construction of Garretson's Road or South 
Broadway, there was an old road leading along the edge of the meadow on the westerly 
side of Karle's Neck. Several of the farms were occupied at that time by members 
of the Morgan family, and for want of a better name we have called it Morgan's Road. 
When the Plank Road was built the old one fell into disu.se, and is now grass grown, 
and, as a highway, neglected. 

Watchogue, Butchervilie or Snake Road. Starts where the Pond Road (Jewetti 
Avenue) meets the Turii])ike and runs a serpentine course to the Church or Stone 
Road. That jrortion from I'our Corners to the Willow Brook Road is laid down on . 
the map of 1797 and is among the oldest roads of the Island, but as far as observed isi 
not named on the majis, though gcneralh- known as the Watchogue or Butchervilie 



m 

Road. It is somctiines refiTrcil tf) as llu- Siiakt- Koa<l on arioiiiit of its serpentine 
coiirsi-. 

Kruse Road. That part (jI" tlu- Willow Hrook Roa<l ln.-l\v«.iii the Walrlio^Mic Koail 
ami the Church Rojul or Richniund Avenue, I'orl Richniond. It is one of the ohlest 
roads on the Island and is on the nia]) of 1797. Heers, 1S74, calls it the "Knise or 
Wilson Hrook Road." 

(iun Factory Road. A name for the Willow Hrook Road. The >,'un factory wjis 
at Willow Hrook and is sln)wn hy Dripps, 1S50. Wallinj.^, 1^59. Ciun I"actory Road 
is mentioned in advertisement Slate Tax S;de, 1.S95. 

New Road. .\n extension of the Willow Itrook Road, hy wliich name it is 
generally known. 

Pismire or Ant Lane. S;inie as New Road. In olil days when the farmers 
turned out to work this liij^hway, they di.scovered so many ants' nests that it received 
the name of Pismire Lane. 

Forest Hill Road. .\n extension of that i)art of the Willow Hrook Road known 
as the New Road. It is crossed by Jones or Rockland .-X venue, and is called l>y Heers, 
1874, the Port Richmond Road. "H'd by Rockland .\veinie, K. by land of Judfje 
Gildersleeve, S. by land formerly of Sanuiel Decker and W. by I'orest Hill Road; witli 
house. 7 acres. " .Adv. State Tax Sale, Pec. iSqo. 

Manor Road and Egbert Avenue. Only a part of wliat is now known as the 
Manor Rojxd, which derives its name from the Donj^an Manor, is on the map of 1797. 
It is said to have been laid out at an early period. Bayles, p. iiS. This road runs 
southerly from We.st New Brigliton through Ca.stleton Corners to its junction with 
the road from Todt Hill, then westerly to Rra<lley's Road and then southerly again to 
the Kgbertville Road. Heers, 1874. That portion from Hradley's Road to the Rich- 
mond Road (including the Kgbertville or Saw Mill Road) is the old 1797 highway, 
anil is sometimes referre<l to as the Manor Road. ( See Richmond Plank Road from 
Vanderbilt's Landing to Rossville. ) That portion from Hradley's Road to the 
Kgbertville or Saw Mill Road, is occa.sionally called Rosewood .Avenue (Higgin.son, 
i860), and al.so the Poor House Road. The Manor Road is shown on the map of 
Rose Hill Park (Unkart property) filed 20th of October, 1S70. No. 294. Kgl)ert 
Avenue is a direct .southerly continuation of that section of the Manor Road leading 
directly from Castleton Corners, and is therefore rjften, in error, called the Manor 
Road. It, however, forks from the Manor where the latter turns to the west an<l it 
joins the I^gbcrtville Road nientione<l above, about a mile further to the ea.st. Dripps, 
1S50, calls it Ivgbert's Avenue. It is I\gbert Avenue of Walling, 1859, and Beers, 1874. 

Petticoat l^ne. Jones' Road or Rockland Avenue, in Northlleld. It is said 
that a petticoat was once found on this road. Jones' Road once joined that jvart of 
the Willow Hrook Road known as the New Road, much further to the north than it 
does at present, coming out near what is now the ])oor house farm. 

Saw Mill or Conner Road. Old names for the road connnencing at the cor- 
ner of Rocklaiul .\ venue and the Manor Road, ami extemlingto the Richmond Road, 
at Kgbertville, and now .sometimes called the Ivgbertville Road. ( See Manor Rixid. ) 
The saw mill was located on Saw Mill Brook, and was operated by the Conner family, 
whose residence stood near by. This road is shown but not named on map, 1797. 
The original town of Castleton was bounde«l bj- the "road leading to Houghwout's 
Mill," (Bayle.s, p. 326) which is evidently this and a p-irt of the present Willow Brook 
and .Manor Roads. This and the later constructed Jones' Road (Rockland .Avenue) 



61 

taken as one, is called Riditnond Road, by Higginson, i860. 'Connor Ave.' is men- 
tioned in advertisement StaL:- Tax Sale, 1895. 

Poverty Lane. The road "from Springville to Richmond. " Beers, 1874. New 
Springville Road. This is one of the old roads and is on the map of 1797. 

Dock Road. Leading from New Springville dock to the Stone Road. Not 
named on the maps. A branch of this road, called Morgan's Road in this article, 
extends southward along the edge of the meadow. When Garretson's Road was 
opened, this part was abandoned and is now a grass-grown lane. 

Egbert's Lane. Described in 1788 as being the western boundary of the town 
of Southfield ; now Gifford's Lane. Bayles, p. 327. 

Lambert's Lane. Leads from the Stone Road to Watchogue and is named on 
most maps of the Island. It was called after I^ambert Merrill, a carpenter by trade, 
whose housekeeper, Nancy Juson, according to the firm belief of the neighbors, was a 
veritable witch. A wagon load of hay was passing along the lane, and when opposite 
the IMerrill house was beset by unaccountable difficulties and directly overturned. 
The team following passed imharmed with its load, and Nancy declared that it was 
driven bj' a praying man over w-hom she could cast no spell. On one occasion Merrill, 
while working in his shop, desired a mallet that was upstairs. Soon he heard it 
bump, bumping down the steps, and directly it shoved open the door and lay by his 
side. He did not want it then and so threw it upstairs, but directly it came bumping, 
bumping down the steps as before. Once more he threw it aloft, and when it per- 
sistently returned for the third time, he seized an axe and cut off its handle. The 
next day the witch had a sore leg. 

The Long, Long Lane that has no Turning. A nickname for Merrill Road, 
Watchogue, that for nearly a mile is perfectly straight. 

Old Place Road. Leads from Graniteville to Old Place. Now sometimes called 
Washington Avenue. 

Old Quarry Road. I^eading from the quarry on Quarry Hill, Graniteville, to 
the shore. Shown by Dripps, 1850, and Walling, 1859. 

Sand Road. An old name for Van Pelt Avenue, Mariners' Harbor. 

New Road. An old name for the Harbor Road, Mariners' Harbor. 

Thompson's Road. vSouth Avenue, Mariners' Harbor, was once well known as, 
and is .still occiisionally called Thom})son's Road. "South or Thompson Avenue" is 
shown by Walling, 1859. The name South Avenue was given it in 1847 when a map 
of the property- was filed at Richmond. 

Western Road. Leading from Holland Hook to Old Place. This road has been 
known as CoUyer's Road, Bowman's Road, the New Road and the Meadow Road. 

Duxbury St. Named after Ellis Duxbury, and an old name for Tompkins Ave- 
nue. "Duxburj- Street or road leading from the Quarantine to the north shore." is 
mentioned in the Ab.stract of the Title of Thomas E. Davis to Certain I^ands in Cas- 
tleton, pp. 12, 38. 

Fountain St. Named after (iarrit Fountain and now known as South Street. 
Mentioned in the Abstract of the Title of Thomas K. Davis to Certain Lands in Cas- 
tleton. Livingston Street and Thompson Street are also mentioned in the Davis ab- 
stract, but they were never laid out. 

Lawrence St. An old name for Stuyvesant Place and part of Richmond Ter- 



face. This street an<f Daiuel Street, which ocoujiied nearly the same j^rouiKl as the' 
present Wall Street, are nieiilionetl in the Davis abstract, Ijnt the names were changed 
on the New Hrighton Association Map, filed in 1S36. 

Washington Crescent, Shown on maj) of the New Hrij^hton Association, as 
occupvinj^ nearly the siinie site as the jjresent crescent-shai>ed Hamilton Avenue. 
Madison Street, lying east of Jay Street, Nassau Street and Callin Avenue, are also 
shown on this map. They have never been laid out. 

Richmond Street. An old name for St. Paul's Avenue, Tompkinsville. Hlood, 
1845. (See Mud Lane.) 

(Jore Street. Now called Broad Street, Stapleton. Clute, p. 270. 

Coursen Avenue. An old name for Vanderbilt Avenue, Clifton. This road 
passes through what were once the Coursen and Metcalfe farms. Coursen Avenue is 
shown on "Map of Property Purcha.sed by the Staten Island Association, Situated at 
the Narrows, Stacen Island, near New York." Piled March, 1.S39. No. 22. 

Wood Road. Blood, 1845. Dripps, 1872. An old name for St. Mary's Avenue, 
Clifton. "Wood Road" was also used in the sense of a locality. 

Roguery Hill Road. An old name for the P'inger Board Road. Clute, p. 232. 

Clifton Avenue. A proposed name for the P'inger Board Road on map of Oak- 
lands, filed Dec. 21st, 1857. No. 159. 

Beach Avenue. A projwsed name for New Dorj> Lane on map of Oceanville, 
filed April 19th, 1853. No. 110. 

Fox Avenue. An old name for the present Broadway leading from the Amboy 
Road, between Annadale and Huguenot, to the shore. 

Woodvail Road. Leading from the Amboy Road to the shore. Beers, 1S74. 
Mr. Wood owned proi>erty on one side of this road and Mr. Vail on the other, and in 
laying out the highway they combined their lands and names. 

Sharrott'5 Road. Old name for Prince's Bay Avenue (not Prince's Bay Road). 
Beers, 1874. 

Seguine's Road. Dripps, 1872. Same as Prince's Bay Road. Beers, 1874. 

Winant's Lane. Now known as Annadale Road. An old road; on map 1797. 

Swaini'5 or LaForge's Lane. Leads from Valley Forge to the Woodrow Road. 
Called Killi-fish Road on "Map of the Richmond Plank Road from Vanderbilt's 
I.^nding to Rossville." 

Shea's Lane. Still so called on the maps but efforts have been made to change 
the name to New York Avenue and later to Rossville Avenue. Sometimes referre<l to 
on maps, &c., as "Road to Woodrow." 

Ferry Road. An old name for Shea's Lane. Proceedings Nat. Sci. Association, 
Vol. III., p. 53- 

Bloomingdale Road. An old name for the road leading from Pleasant Plains to 
Rossville, now known as the Rossville Road. The part nearest Rossville is also called 
the Red Road. 

Bentley Dock Road. An old name for Bentley Road, Tottenville. Beers. 1S74, 
calls it Bentling Road. 

(jreen Ridge Avenue. A proposed name for Journeay Avenue, Westfield. 



Sunny or Lovers' Lane. Hamilton Avenue, New Brighton. On a sunny day 
there are always warm places along this sheltered road that bends in the form of a 
half moon, and as it is sequestered it must needs be a "Lovers' Lane." 

Lovers' Lane. Tree-shaded Pendleton Avenue ; also, First Street, New Brigh- 
ton. 

Mud Lane. St. I'aul's Avenue. Edgewater. Bayles, p. 420. St. Paul's Avenue 
was once called Richmond Street. Blood, 1845. 

Pig Alley. First Street, New Brighton. Also called Lovers' Lane. Honey- 
moon Row (the name needs no explanation) extends along the south side of this en- 
dearing little street. 

Cod-fish Lane. Fifth Street, New Brighton. 

Scrabble Alley. T'nion vStreet, West New Brighton. Also known as McSorley's 
Place. 

Duck Lane. Nautilus Street, Clifton. 

Red Lane. Lincoln Avenue or First Avenue, Grant City, Southfield. Probably 
owes its name to the fact that nmch oxide of iron is contained in the soil which gives 
the road a red color. 

LOCALITIES, SETTLEMENTS AND VILLAGES. 

The Glebe. A farm in Castleton, of 200 acres, bequeathed to St. Andrew's 
church b}' Ellis Duxbury in 17 iS. Bayles, pp. 242, 395. This farm included the 
present St. George landing (Duxbury's Point), the Light House Department grounds, 
the old Quarantine and the vicinity. 

Quarantine. Central Avenue, New Brighton, passes through what was once the 
Quarantine of the port of New York, established on Staten Island in 1799. Blood, 
1845. Dripps, 1S50. The Lazaretto of Eddy, 1812. (See Philadelphia Turnpike.) 
The Richmond Republican, for March 29, 1828, contains the following adverti.sement : 
"Quarantine and Richmond Stage. The public is respectfully informed that a Stage 
will connnence running to and from the Quarantine ground and Richmond, on Satur- 
day, the 29th of ^Slarch inst., and will leave Richmond every morning at half past 6 
o'clock, so as to take the Steam Boat for New York at 8. And will leave the Quaran- 
tine, for Richmond, every afternoon on the arrival of the Boat from New York, until 
further notice. Good Stages and horses and a careful driver have been procured. 
Fare each way 37^ cts., intermediate distances, 6cts. per mile. 

D. Dknvse, 1 r> 

J. Foi-NT.MN, I I^'-opnetors. 

The fare was reduced in the same year to twelve and one-half cents. The "Dutch 
Reformed Church at Quarantine" is mentioned in adverti.sement in the Staaten Inlander, 
May 7th, 1856. The steamboat landing at Tompkinsville was often called Quarantine 
Landing. The hospitals were burned b}' the citizens in Sept.. 1S58. Previous to that 
event, the State purchased fifty acres of the Wolfe property near Seguine's Point, 
Prince's Bay. The buildings here were set on fire and de.strojed in May, 1857, shortly 
after they became vState property, and the two hosjjitals and cook and wash house 
erected in their place were destroyed by the saine means in April, 1858. The site, 
however, was still used for Quarantine purposes, and until lately persons dying on the 
Quarantine Islands of contagious diseases, were interred there. The place is still 
locally known as the Quarantine. The present liojuding Station, often called Quar- 
antine, is at Clifton. The Quarantine grounds at Tompkinsville, were surrounded by 



r (i4 

a liii^li liriek \v;ill, .iiid Ihi- loialitv was often known as "Insi<U-." thai i-, lusidc of ihe 

wall. 

Watering Place. Tin.- intsini Toiiii)kiiisvillc (Sec Sprin>;s, I'umlsaml SwainiM. ) 
Ihe iiasin. At the toot of (. linlon Strict, Stajjkton. Walling, 1.S59. Ik-crs. 

IN, ;. A will known locality. Thi: i)rcsi-nt <locks i-xtcml inmh further into the Iwy. 

ami the old Itasiii has in conse<inence lost its ini]x>rUince. 

Merry's Well. Cajjt. iMerry lived on Heath Street. Stapleton. a nuMil>er of 
years ago, and on his j^Tonnds, near the road, there was a very fine old well from 
which the nei>;hl)ors were in the habit of drawinj.; water. It was the local tradition, 
that a youii}^ j^rl had been thrown into the well, antl that every seven years her 
ghost walked down Harton Street (now Union Street), to the hay. 

Sl}>;na! House. Located at the Narrows. Hew, 17S1. .\lso called the I.<x>k Out. 

F-laR Staff. Located at the Narrows on map of 1797. Siime as Sij^nal House. 

Bayles, p. 2<k). Clute, i)p. 20, 113. 

The Telegraph. S;nnc as Sij^jnal House and IMaj,' Staff. Hayles, j). 2.>i. Smith. 
IN,". Caj)!. Hanull's house is mentione<l in advertisement in liirhmond Itfpublican, 
l"el)y 23d. iSjS, as "on the bank of the river about a half mile north of the Telejjraph 
at I'ort Richmond, and about 20 minutes' walk from the Ouanintinc tiround." 
The Telegraj)!! is mentioned by Thoreau in letter of July 21st, 1S43. and pictured on 
an old print of about the .sjune date. "Clifton and Telegraph Staf^e" is advertiscil in 
Staitten Inlander during 1S56 and 1.S57. 

Elm Tree. A larj^^e tree that .stood at the foot of New Dorj) I^-ine. from which 
the present I-Hm Tree Light was named. On the map of 1797 is the f<jllowing indorse- 
ment : "Large Kim tree standing by the shore, a mark for ves.sels leaving and guiug 
from New York to .\ml)oy, Middletown and Brunswick." l<;im Tree, with a picture 
of a tree, is given both by Smith, 1S36, and Dripps, 1S50. Old Khn Tree "where the 
Huguenots landed," is mentioned by Thoreau, letter of July 21st, ..S43. (See Clute, 
PP- 199. 36.S. ) 

Three Elms. On South Reach, northeast of the Klni Tree Light. A l<)cality 
among i>re.sent-day fishermen. Two of the elms are now dead as a re.sult of the en- 
croachment of the sea. The trees are said to have Iwen planted many years ago by 

the elder Barnes. 

South Beach. .An ol<l name for the siindy .south .shore of the Island. The n^une 
now includes the hotels, merr\ -go-rounds, etc. 

South Side or South Shore. .South side of the Island. 5>outh Siile is named 
as a Post OlVice in the N. V. Slate Manual for 1S72. In the Manual for 1S73, .Sea Si<le 
is mentioned in its place and is still the official name of the place. 

North Side or North Shore. North side of the Island. Letters remaining in 
the North I^hore Post Otlice, J. J. Clute, j>ostma.ster, are advertise<l in the St4iaUn 
Inl.nidt r, ]iin. loth. 1S57. The North Shore post oflice was situated, at least for a 
time, in the brick building on the north side of Richmond Temice, close to the pres- 
ent West New Brighton railroad station. West New Brighton jxjst oflice is first uien- 
tioned in the N. V. State Manual for 1.S71. 

East Shore. Prom Brighton Point to the Narrows. 

Up Shore and Down Shore. The terms " Up Shore " ( .same as North Shore ) 
and " Down Shore " (same as P^ist Shore) were formerly in conunon use and are stiJl 
occasionally employed by the railroad ofKcials. Bayles, p. 3. 



6.^ 

West Quarter. Applied in a general way to what is now ktiowfi as Rossville 
Bayles, p. 407. 

Sandy Ground. Applied to what is now Rossville and its vicinity. 

Manor of Bentley. The grant of 1163 atres of land at the southwest end of th« 
Island, now TottenN-ille, was named after Christopher Billopp's vessel, the "Bentley,' 
in which he sailed around Staten Island in less than twent)--four hours, and thu: 
secured it to the Duke of York. Bayles, p. 102. (See Bentley Post Office and Arents 
ville. ) 

The rianor. Same as Cassiltown, Castle Town, or the later corrupted Castleton 
The Manor of Castletown was the name of Gov. Dongan's country seat on the Island 
and was called after the place of residence of the family in county Kildare, Ireland 
The present Manor Road leads through a portion of the old Manor possessions 
Bayles, pp. 95, 118, 261, 326. 

Dongan Cedars or Dongan Woods. Near Four Corners. Clute, p. 122. 

The Cave. A hole in the Seqientiiie Rock nearly opposite to the point when 
the Little Clove Road joins the Turnpike. It was dug by Housman and his negrt 
servant sliorth- after the Revolution, in their search for gold. 

Tangle-Wood. An old name for the tangled growth of bushes, j-oung trees anc 
cat-brier, on the westerly side of Bard Avenue, where it is crossed by Castleton Avenue 
Part of this growth still remains on the southwest corner. 

The Causeway. Constructed over Palmer's Run and connecting Castleton anc 
Northfield. The Shore Road at the Causeway formerl}- ran several j-ards furthei 
north, where Bodine's lumber yard is now situated. Walling, 1859. In 1774 when tht 
road from "Darby Doyle's ferry to Elizabeth Town Point" was laid out it was statec 
that it should go "over the Mill Dam as the Road now runs to the Dutch Church." 

The Dike. The embankment on which the Shore Road passes over the meado\\ 
lying between Sailors' Snug Harbor and Livingston. Logan's Spring or Harboi 
Brook runs through this dike. 

Long Dike. Extending from Bowman's Point toward the Corner Stake Light a1 
the mouth of Newark Bay. 

Old Fresh Kills Bridge. Also known as Plank Road Bridge, Draw Bridge 
(Walling, 1859), Garretson's Bridge and Long Bridge. Almo.st all traces of this 
bridge, which once connected portions of the Port Richmond and Fresh Kills Plank 
Roads, have now disappeared. In December, 1856, an advertisement appeared in the 
SUiaten Inlander, stating that "the bridges and the causeway over the Fresh Kill.' 
Creek and Meadows from the F^resh Kills to DePuy's Cortier at Springville" would be 
sold at public auction on the 20th of the month. In the issue of Dec. 31st, 1856, 
under the heading of " That Bridge," appears the following: " The Pt. Richmond 
and Fresh Kills Plank Road Bridge, which was recently ofTered to the county foi 
12,000, has been sold at auction to Mr. Jacob Garretson, for six hundred and one dol- 
lars." Mr. Jacob C. Garretson subsequently ofTered {Staaien Ishinder, Jan. 3d, 1856] 
to place the bridge and causeways leading thereto in good coiulition, provided the 
towns of Northfield and Westfield would each pay #633.33. (See Church Road and 
Garretson's Road. ) The County has recently had a new bridge built on the site oi 
the old one. 

The Bend. A bend in the Shore Road (Richmond Terrace) between Davis and 
Bement Avenues. 

Iron Mines. Locate<l principally on Ocean Hill, near Ocean Terrace Road, and 



66 



on Tu.U Hill luar Todl Hill Ruail. 



[■our Corners Iron Mines. Just cast of Jewett Avemic, near the Turnpike. 
riK- aliainl()iK<l Uijijjiuj^s, now filled with water, are known as the "Iron Mine Tonds." 

Clay Beds. At various places on both sides of I'resh Kills R(»ad at Kreischer- 
vilU- ami Circcu Ridj^v. ThtTc are also clay beds on the Trince's Hay side of the 

Island. 

Old Forts. The Dutch had their block-house at the Narrows; Washinjfton his 
ooUout, from whence came the tifliuj^s that the Hritish fleet was near ; the Hritish 
heir earth-works, and lastly the I'liion its more massive forts. A jKirt of tliis 
♦minence was once known as "Kittle I'ort Hill." Many earth-works weie thrown up 
iloiii; the shores of the Island, where the Hritish, in the days of the Revolution, had 
5enlinels stationed, particularly opposite New Jersey, so thjit they mi^ht watch the 
\mericans on the other side of the Kill. Thus were there tronp'i st itioned at New 
Bla/injj Star Ferry on Long Neck, at Old Rla/.injj Star I'erry, now Rossville, and at a 
point between this last mentioned station and Bentley. Hritish, Waldeckers and 
^nsi)achers were encamped at their fortifications near the Waterinji Place. There 
,vas also an earth-work at Red Hank, on Hunker, Scj^uine's or Light House Hill, ovcr- 
ooking Trince's Hay. Col. Dongan and Col. .Mien, when att;icked by the .Americans 
lear the Old Hla/ing Star Ferry, fell back to these latter entrenchments which it is 
aid were too .strong for their fatigue<l pursuers to press against. In the war of jHia, 
"ortifications were again erected on the bluff at Prince's Bay, and the .stones were after- 
AATil used in building the light-house. Modern changes of various kinds have de- 
stroyed many of the old earth-works, and the most noticeable now remaining, are the 
wo on Fort Hill, one on the hill back of Richmond, and one on Pavilion Hill at 
roinpkinsville. The larger of the earth-works on I'ort Hill is .situated at the end of 
[•'ort Street, on what is now called Kny])hausen Heights, after the Hessian general 
stationed on the Island during the Revolution. The old Hritish fort has been ilivided 
lietween two owners in modern <lays, but is still tree-covered and picturescjue. It 
lS scjuare, with the corners pointing north, south, east and west, and the sides measur- 
;d along the top of the breast-work, are about eighty feet in length, though tliey were 
jrobably .somewhat less when the emlxmkment stoo<l higher in the days of the Revo- 
ution. The entrance is on the north-east side, which is also the most approachable, 
mil the only place where the ditch is filled in. In parts, the ditch is fifteen feet l>e- 
ow the top of the embankment, the sides of which are still (|uite .steep. 

The second earth-work in im])ortance and size on Fort Hill, is in a field at the 
rorner of what is now Bismarck and Second .Vvenues. and a portitin of the emlwnk- 
nenl has been dug away in making the last named road. The mound is circular with 
1 diameter of about seventy-five feet, atul is no more to-<lay than a low ridge of earth 
with a corresponding .shallow trench witliin. 

The earth-work on the most northern part of Pavilion Hill comman«ls a view of 
dlthe bay, and the hill is naturally so steep, that its situation is p.irticularly advan" 
ageous. It is constructe<l on the .«ame plan as the one last mentioned, only in this 
;ase the circuit is not entire. The trench faces the water and is irregular, that ix>r- 
ion cojupleted indicating a circle of alxiut ninety feet in diameter. It is much nearer 
he bay than the other forts mentioned, and occupies about the .same position on the 
;outhea.st to the main earth-work on I'ort Hill, as did the one to the north on the top 
)f the steep terrace where the Hotel Castleton now stands. One coniniande<l an ex- 
ensive view of the Kill Van Kull, and the other of the bay, while lH)th were over- 
ooked by the main fortification. 

Of all the earth-works, the one on Crocheron's, Geib's or old Fort Hill, to the 
lorthwest of Richmond village, occupies the most pleasing site as far as the surround- 



67 

ings are concerned. The view is largely CDnijiosed of wooded hills, and on one side 
only a few houses meet the eye. Richmond Kill on the southwest and west winding 
tortuously through the meadows, severj^l hundred feet below, probably does not show 
matiy more signs of advancing civilization to-day than it did when the old fort was 
occupied by the British. The earth-work is now entirely overgrown with a semi-.wild 
vegetation, consisting of cedars, seedling cherries, hackberrv, mulberry and some old 
apple and pear trees, that have been planted near the surrounding trench. One of 
the cedars on the top of the embankment, measures four feet four inches in circum- 
ference, and evidenth- dates from the time the British left the Island. There are also 
two Lombardy poplars on the edge of the embankment, that were planted years ago, 
and which certainly serve to make the place more conspicuous. The Huguenots 
brought numbers of them to the Island, and perhaps a L,aTourette or a Journeay 
planted these trees. 

In outline the old fort is square, with the exception thit the southwest side facing 
the Kill, bulges slightly. As in the earth-work on Fort Hill the corners point north, 
east, south and west, and the entrance is on the northeast side, which is the most easy 
of access. On this side also, the hill has been dug away to furnish earth for the em- 
bankments, though nearly all signs of the work have now been obliterated. Each 
side of this rectangular fort measures about forty -four feet along the top, and on the 
southwest the descent to the Kill is as precipitous as the nature of the soft, crumbling 
serpentine rock will permit, but from the other points the fort is more approachable. 
This old earth-work is called Look-Out Place in Beers' Atlas, and Fort Richmond in 
the Proceedings of the Natural Science Association, Vol. III., p. 53. Fort Izard is 
said to have been one of its names, but this is given on mere report. Bayles, pp. 192, 
193, 209, 237, 247, 259. 

The Fort. The name usually applied to the United States fortifications at tlie 
Narrows. Blood, 1.S45, shows forts Richmond and Tompkins located on the Slate 
Land ; Walling, 1S59, forts Richmond and Tompkins, and battery Hudson ; and 
Beers, 1S74, forts Tompkins and Wadsworth. 

State Land. At the Narrows. Where the United States fortifications are now 
located. State Land is shown by Blood, 1S45. The State Grounds are mentioned in 
the Woman's Club Ivlition of the Staten Islander, May 30th, 1S95. 

Burnt House. On the edge of the meadow at Great Fresh Kill and southwest of 
Lake's Meadow Island. The ruins of the Burnt House were plainly in sight from the 
Kill, and were for many years a land mark among boatmen. "Burnt House" is .shown 
by Dripps, 1.S50. 

Bleak House. A nickname for the Livingston re.sidence, now tlie railroad station 
at Livingston. It was so called because of its exposed position. 

Common Woods. .\n old name for a tract of woodland near tlio Amboy Road 
and crossed by what is now Prince's I?ay Road. Mentioned in old deeds. 

Commons. At Chelsea. "B'd N. by land of John Simonson, E. and S. by the 
Connnons and W. by Chelsea Ro.id; with house '4 acre." "B'd N. by land of Eder 
Freeland, V.. by land of Charles IMersercau, S. by land of N. J. I'-gbert and W. by tlie 
Commons, 5 acres." Adv. Slate Tax Sale, Dec. iSt^). The ojien fields near the 
corner of the Mill Road and New Doi]) Laui.' ar^- locally known as llie Commons. 
(See Sun.set Hill. ) 

Jones' Wolf-pit. .Xbraham Jones owned a farm on what is now known as 
Jones' Road or Rockland Avenue, and his nearest neighbor lived over on the Wil- 
low Brook Road. A path led northeast through the woods to this neighbor's dwell- 



08 

inj^, and whiu tlu- families visited in the eveiiiiij^, they were ohhjjed to carry fire- 
hraiids to fri^liteii the wolves. Not far from the ])ath, Jones <hij^ a wolf-pit, that may 
still he seen. In order to entraj) the wolves, the pit was covered with dead sticks an<l 
leaves, and a piece of meat suspended from an overhanginjj sapling. The animals 
would jump for this, and fall through the frail supp:>rt into the deep hole Mr. John 
J. Corson has informed me that, when a young man, he and a companion tried to lift 
out of the pit all of the stones that had been thrown therein, but owing to the size of 
many of the lK)ulders, they ahandoneil the task, and so never discovered its actual 
de])th. The local history states "that in 169.S Thomas Stillwell receive<l fifteen shill- 
ings for a wolf, and Cornelius Tyscn received one jKnind for a wolf's head. Different 
bounties were otTered for animals of difTereiit sex and age, as was the custom in many 
counties of the state." Hayles, p. 31. Many years ago, the land was cleared about the 
Wolf-pit, bnt it is now covered with wootls again and is known on the farm as the 
"Wolf -pit Section." There is also the "Uig White-wootl Section," and the "Fox- 
hole Section," this la.st being so named because in old time foxes were in the liabit of 
digging their burrows in this particular part of the wood. 

The Signs. A mysterious black dog, as large as a horse, is said to have fre- 
(jucnted a place called the "Signs." Bayles, p. 147. This locality is reported to have 
been at the present Signs Road, near Bull's Head. 

Haunted Woods. On Old Town Road. Rayles, p. 147. There was also a 
Haunted Woods along the Amboy Road. (See Haunted Swamp.) 

Haunted Bridge. On road to Amboy. Bayles, p. 147. 

Haunted House. On the Jolm J. Crooke grounds at GifTords. Named on Dripps' 

map, 1S72. 

The Pines. A local name for a pine grove along the railroad track l)etween 
Richmond Valley and Tottenville. 

The Cedars. There are several places known by this name on the Island. One 
is the hill top near Griswold Avenue, northeast of Silver Lake, a cleared place among 
the cedars being used as a ball ground; also the upper jxirt of Bement Avenue that 
once extended through cedars. A third is the Jones' property on Prospect Avenue, 
New Brigliton. Blood, 1845. Walling, 1859. Still another is at Tottenville to the 
east of Ward's Point. 

The Old Comp. The name applied in a general way to the country lying between 

Kreischcrvillc and the Amboy Road. 

Camps. During the last war the following camps were located on the Island: 
Washington, Arthur, Vanderbilt, Yates, Lafayette, Leslie, McClellan, Herndon, 
Morrison, Low, Ward, Scott, Decker and Sprague. Bayles, pp. 29.S, 303, 304, 308. 

Stony Brook Settlement. One of the earliest on the Island, and situated near 
where the Amboy and Richmond Roads meet. Clute, p. 207. liayles, pp. 81, 132. 
There is a Stony Brook village on Long Island. 

Dover. Sliown by Bellin, 1764, as occupying the .site of what has lieen usually 
called Stony Br. ok. 

Cuciiold's Town, Cucklestowne. liarly name of Richmond. Bayles, pp. 132, 
143- 

Soldier o Lots. Situ-.Led near the Willow Brook (Kruse) and Watchogiie Roads. 
These arc among the oldest roads on the Islan<l. The Soldier's Lots are mentioned in 
the patent to Palmer in 16S7. Bayles, pp. 115, 143. Also mentioned in the Land 



69 I 

Papers in connection with 'i:'r> petition of vSanuiel Rlachford. (See T.iltle Plains and 
Great Plain. ) 

Dutch Farms. Now called Concord. INIaps of Concord were filed in County 
Clerk's office in 1853 and 1S61. 

New Lots at the Old Town. IVIentioned in the snrvey for Abraham Lntine, 
Land Pa])ers, 16.S5. At least a part of the New Lots extended along the present 
Richinond Road, adjacent to where it is joined by the Old Town Road. Some inter- 
esting information is contained in the following survey: "In Obedience to the 
Conmiand of the Honnorble Coll Thoinas Dongan Governor General of all his Royall 
Highnesse Territoryes in America &c. I have survej'ed and laid out for Hanse 
Christophell a Certaine Tract of Land being in the New Lotts of the old Towne in the 
County of Richmond being purchased out of a Tract of Land Granted to Peeter 
Bellew as by a Dutch Ground Breeife beginning on the South west side of a small 
Run of Water in the Valley of the Iron Hill which is the North West Corner of the 
first purchase of Thomas Stilwell and runs by his line vSouth East three Degrees East 
three hundred and twenty Rodd to the INIeadow and is in breadth upon a Right angle 
forty six Rodd and then in Length b^- the line of Nathaniel Brittan North West three 
Degrees Weast, bnt the land of Nathaniel Brittane was laid out Northeast and South 
East but it was by a Compasse that Varied three Degrees Ea.st ward two hundred sixty 
fouer Rodd to the Highway, by the side of the Iron Hill and is in breadth upon a 
Right Angle forty six Rodd to the South west Corner of the Land of Thomas Stilwell 
the whole being bounded to the Northeast by the Land of Thomas Stilwell to the 
South East b\- the Meadow and South Weast by the Land of Nathaniell Brittan and 
Northwest b3-e the Highway b}- the hill side Containing in all Eighty three ackres 
three Quarters and tliirt}- two Rodd and likewise to have INIeadow Ground proportion 
able performed this 4th Day of April 16S5 by Phillip Welles Surv'r." 

Oude Dorp or Old Town. The present Old Town Road leads from the Richmond 
Road toward the beach, where the original Oude Dorp was situated. Dankers & 
Sluyter state that this settlement consisted of seven houses in 1676. Bayles, pp. 64, 
87. Clute, p. 16. Bew, 1781. 

Nieuwe Dorp or New Town. The original New Dorp was located at the foot of 
New Dorp Lane, near the shore. Its position, as well as that of Old Town, is shown 
on the oldest maps of the Island. Bayles, p. 87. J 

Governor's Lot. " Description of a survey of 124 acres of land lying at ye New 
Dorj), on Slalen Island formerly called ye Governor's lot, laid out for Obadiah Holmes, 
by Ro. Ryder Surveyor." Land Papers, 1677. 

Valley Forge. On the I'resh Kills Road, between Rossville and Green Ridge. 
The Lal'orge farm lies on the westerly side of Swaim's or Lal'orge's Lane, which 
meets the I'resh Kills Road in a pleasant little valley through which flows Killifish 
Brook to the meadows. The last part of the name LaForge and tlie valley suggested 
the historic name of \'allev I'orge, which thus came to be applied to a vale on Staten 
Island. 

Fresh Kills. The present Green Ridge. 

A\arshland or Mar<>hfield. Same as Eresh Kills or Green Ridge. Marshland 
Post Ollice is mentioned in the N. V. vState Manual for 1874 ; in 1876 Green Ridge had 
taken its place. 

Kleine Kill. An old name for Marshland or Green Ridge, meaning the Little 
River. I'roceedings Nat. Sci. Association, Vol. HI., p. 53. 



to 

lilaziii}; Star. 'J'lu- old n.inn.- fur Rossvillc. CliiU-, pj). 2.^^^,456. Bayles, j). 264. 
(.Sec West (juarttT and S;indy (imutid. ) The followiiij^ is from tlie Mirror, Au^. 2<>lh, 
1S37: "Russville. Now dill you ever ! This is the new name of Old lUa/inj^ SUir, 
and the alteration of its cojiiioinen speaks well for the taste of its inhahitatits." 
Several residents of the (jniet villaj^e of Kossville have dreamt that treasure lay huried 
in certain fields and on the low hills about Ross' Cove. I'nder cover of the nij^ht, 
when their ridiculing neij^hhors could not sec what they were alnjut, they dug many 
holes, hut only one man is reported to have found treasure, and that was discoverc«l 
by accitUnt. He was i)lowing in a field, when he unearthed an iron pot covered with 
a flat stone. He jiocketed its contents, left his horse standing in the field, and took 
himself ofT to parts unknown. Another man dug over his cellar ]nirsuant to the 
instructions received in a misleading dream, and two others dug a hole on a certain 
hill side, but seeing the devil skip])iiig about in the dark, they ran for home, leaving 
their spades in the pit. 

New Blazing Star. The present I. inoleumville. Hayles, p. 1S5, Clute, p. 233. 
Map, 1797. (See riiiladelphia Turnpike. ) 

Long Neck Village. Walling, 1859. Now LinoleumvilleandTravisville. IvOng 
Neck I'osl DlVice is nameil in the N. Y. State Manual for many years, but was discon- 
tinued in 1S66. The devil often made his appearance on Long Neck during tlie early 
part of the century, but of 'ate the peo])le have become so nuich interested in the 
numerous books and newspapers that have fallen into their hands, that they have 
failed to note if he has been around. In old time, he was often seen skipping and 
running in the fine broa<l meadows in the neighborhood of Neck Creek, and would 
jump fences with the young and active farmers. Once and awhile, when the bars 
were exceptionally high, he would crawl under and thus try to deceive his honest 
playfellows. On one occasion two Staten Islanders were visiting over night in 
Railway, N. J., and after the lamp was out, the bed began to toss like a little boat in 
a great sea. First one siile would go up and then the other, and the men with 
difliculty prevented themselves from rolling onto the floor. The braver of the two 
whispered to his companion not to be afraid, that it was only the devil under the bed 
and he would soon get tired. Tliis proved to be the case, for in a short time he quit 
his pranks and left these temperate and .sober men to their peaceful slumbers. 

Karle's or Charles' Neck Settlement. The present New Spring\ille. Bayles, 
p. 579. Smith, 1S36. An old woman, who lived on Karle's Neck, told her neighbors 
that she had sold herself to the devil and that they nmst not l)e suqirised if they 
heard strange noises in her hou.se. The next day she was not seen at the door, and 
the blinds remained closed, so the neighbors thought that it was excusable for them 
to l)reak in ami see what had been the result of the weinl sounds, that had issued from 
the old dwelling. The door was accordingly lettered down. The house was found 
to be in the greatest disorder; furniture overturned, the ashes from the hearth scattered 
about and in the midst the old woman lying dead on the floor, with her hair tied to 
the andirons. The neighbors reasoned that as she had sol«l herself to the devil, he 
had come in the night and taken her away. Another witch al.so lived in the vicinity, 
and when the people saw her approaching, they used to place a brcxjmstick across the 
door and sprinkle nmstard, thus preventing her from practicing her diabolical art. 

Holland Hook Village. Corrupted into Hollin's or Rowland's Hook. On the 
shore, west of Mariners' Harbor. Dripps, 1S50. Walling, 1859. Clute, pp. 181, 233. 
" Hollandshook" is mentioned in advertisement in the liichmond Republican, June iS, 
1S29, and the Mirror, Sepc. 8, 183S. An article on " Holland Hook," copied from 
ILn-jHr's W<rk!i/, apixnired in the Sluttit Inlnuihr in 1890. 



7t 

Jacksonville. Accordinj? to Clute, p. iSi, this was a name for Holland Hook. 
The follo\vinj< two notices occur in the Richmond Repuhhcan, INIarch 2Sth, 1829: "For 
Sale. That valuable brick house and Lot containintj about one acre of Ground, at 
Jacksonville, on the north shore of vStaten Island, fronting Newark Bay, and about 
half a mile from Mersereau's Ferry. The house is 34 ft by 19, formerly belonging to 
Capt. Xeale. For further particulars apply to Jeremiah Pierson on the premises." 
"Auction. Will be exposed to sale on Saturday the 17th day of April next at Public 
\'endue, the house of Jereiniah Pierson, Jacksonville, two horses, two cows, a variety 
of carpenter's tools and kitchen furniture. Sale to commence at 10 o'clock, a. m." 

Old Place. Situated in Xorthfield, on what was once called Tunissen's Neck, 
between Tunissen's or Old Place Creek and Bridge Creek. The name arose in this wav: 
Religious services were once held in a house along the road, but the structure becom- 
ing dilapidated a new place was selected, which, however proved to be less convenient, 
so the earlier building was repaired and services were resumed at the "old place." 
Old Place, or more properly that portion of it now known as Summerville, was once 
called Skunk Town. Fortune Crocheron, who had been a slave, made a business of 
catching skunks and extracting the grease, which was sold as a cure for croup. After 
his death, the place gradualh- lost this name. 

Summerville. A proposed name for Old Place. Clute, p. 234. Summerville is 
located in Beers' Atlas, at the corner of Washington Avenue and the Harbor Road. 
Old Place is also shown further to the west. 

Watchogue. Situated a mile south of Old Place. Owing to the similarit}- of 
the name Watchogue to the Long Island tow^n of Patchogue it has been thought that 
like the latter, it was of Indian origin. This, however, is a mistake, and the original 
name, which was Watch Oak, was acquired in the following way: The hamlet was 
first called Merrill Town, owing to the number of families of that name living in the 
vicinity. Among them was Ike Merrill, who owned a large farm, a portion of which 
was covered with oak timber. A man by the name of Brunsen was a neighbor of 
Merrill's. He was a smart man and is said to have been most clever in defending 
himself in court, in which, for one reason and another, he had considerable practice. 
Among other accomplishments, he could write with both hands at once, and, when he 
thought no one was looking, he could steal Ike Merrill's oak trees as well. This was 
known to Merrill, and when a neighbor called one day and asked for a certain farm 
hand, Merrill told him he was out "watching oaks." The Merrill farm was called in 
time "W'atch Oak Farm" — the place where they watched the oaks. This has been 
corrupted into Watchogue, and this, unfortunately, changed to Bloomfield. Accord- 
ing to Beers, 1S74, the "Watch Oak Road" leads from Chelsea to Bloomfield. Clute 
(p. 22S) maintains th?t this name is of Indian origin. 

Butcherville. On the Watchogue, Butcherville, or Snake Road, between the 
Willow Brook and the Stone Roads. Butcherville Road is mentioned in Adv. State 
Tax Sale, Dec, 1S90. 

Granite Village. Diipps, 1S50. Higginson, 1.S60. Graniteville. Walling, 1859. 

Centerville. Old name for Castleton Corners. Dripps, 1850. Walling, 1S59. 
Higginson, 1S60. 

Four Corners. Same as Castleton Cornens. Castleton Corners Post Oftice is first 
mentioned in the N. Y. vState Manual for 1872. 

Robbins' Corners. At New S])ringville, where the Stone Road meets Poverty 
Lane. The residence of Nathaniel R<)bl)iiis, a notorious character during the War of 
the Revolution. Clute, p. 114. 



1^ 

Morgan's Corner. At t!>o present I-:-l,crtviIk-. Tla- U^\o^^u^^r js from the 
Muro,- ot AuKusl 41!.. i.s.vS : '• \ah.al>Ie Real Kstato. To l,e sohl at pul,lic vcn.h.e on 
lucsday the iNth .lay of Septcinhcr next at 2 o'clock in tlie afterno«>n, at the Court 
House in the village of Ri.-lunon.l, County of Richmond. All tliat cerUiin lot, piece 
or piircel of land; situate lyin- and being in the town of Soutlifield on the Richmond 
and Quarantine road, known as Morgan's Corner; bounded on said road, easterly hy 
land of AntlK.ny Fountain, and on the South and West bv land of Tunis l-gbert 
Containing within s;ii.l bounds four acres be the sjinie more'or less; which above de- 
scribed i)reiiiises are mortgaged by William Morgan, late of the town of Southfield 
deceased, to the commissioners of loans for Richmond Countv, for securing the suni 
of sixty two dollars an<l fifty cents, and interest thereon arising. Con.litions will be 
made known at the time of side by 

Rich'd Crochrron, \ Conim'rs of 
Wi 1,1,1AM Mii,r,i:K, )■ Loans. 
Richmond County, May agtli, 1S3S." 

Phoenixville. A name for Hull's Head. Beers, 1874. Clute, p. 231. 

London Bridge. A name for Bull's Head during the Revolution. Clute p 2y 
Also mentioned in notice of Sheriff's Sale in Slaalea hlunder, Jan. 25, 1S54. 

Mersereau's Ferry. "Port Richmond ( late Mensereau's Ferry)" is mentioned 

111 Mirror, Aug. 41I1, 1S3.S. 

Bristol or New Bristol. Old name for Port Richmond. Clute, p. 221 In the 
Mirror, March 17th, 1S38, there is an article on the improvements at "Mersereau's 
Ferry or New Bristol." New Bristol is shown by Burr, ,852. Cvreiie is said to have 
been a proposed name for Port Richmond. 

Irrlngton. Map of land at Irrington or Mersereau's Ferrv, Staten Island I-ilcd 
Aug. 6, 1842. No. 28. 

Cityville. This is given by Clute, p. 221, as an old name for Port Richmond 
1 he Cityville post office was, however, located at Factorvville (West New Brighton) 
a.s appears by the following heads of notices published bv the same postma.ster- "I ist 
of Letters remaining in the City Ville Post Ofllce, June 30th 1835 " I) \- N 
Mersereau, P. M. Free Pre.s, July nth, ,835. "List of Letters remaining in' tlie 
I ost OfTice at I-actory ville, Sept. 30th, 1835." D. V. N. Mersereau, P. M. Free Pre,!, 
Oct. loth, 1835. On the ist of January, 1839, Nathan Barrett, postmaster, publishe.i 
in the Mirror, a list of letters remaining in the Cityville Po.st Ofilce. (See North 
Shore. ) Cityville is shown by Burr, 1852. 

Factory ville. West New Brighton. Map of the Village of 1-actoryville. owiie.l 
and laid out by N. Barrett. Town of Castleton, S. I. Filed Aug. 20th, 18^,6 1-ac- 
toryville or Castleton is given by Dripp, 1850. The .steamboat landing at Factorvville 
was called Castleton Landing. Walling, 1859. Higgin.son. i860. Bayles, p. 264. 

Elliottville. Foot of Bard Avenue; the present Livingston. Dripps, 1S50. Dripps 
1872. Name.l after Dr. S. M. Klliott, oculist. On Walling's map of 1859 there is a 
bird's eye view of Elliottville. 

South Elliottville. On Bard Avenue, south of Castleton Avenue. Walling. 1S59. 

Brighton Park. Placed between Franklin an.l York Avenues bv Higginson, 
[860. This property is commonly .spoken of as Hamilton Park. Beers, 1874. 

Jackson Park. Corner of Franklin Avenue and Third Street, New Brighton. 

Fiedler's Park. On the Turnpike, near Pavilion Hill. Dripps, 1872. 



1^ 

Bay City. Mentioned in SUuttcn Mander, March 4tli, 1S57. Map of the pro- 
posed village of Hay City, including Tonipkinsville and Staplcton, was filed T5th, Feb- 
ruary, 1859. No. 164. 

Washington Square. The park at vStapleton. Map filed June 5th, 1867. No. 
226. 

Prospect Square. At vStone vStreet and the Richmond Road, :Middleto'\vn. INIap 
filed :\Iay 4th, 1852. No. 96. 

Bay View Post Office. At Clifton. Named in the N. Y. State Manuals from 
1858 to 1863 inclusive, after which it was discontinued. Joseph Feeny was postmaster 
in 1S58 and James Kelly for the succeeding five years. 

New=Berry Ville. Near Concord and traversed by the track of the Staten Island 
Railroad. Map of Nesv-Berry Ville filed June 3d, .853 (No. 113), showing Military 
Parade Ground and Columbian Park as portions of the property. Staaten Tsln/uh')', 
Jan. 26th, 1856. 

Clifton Park or Pagoda. At the h.ead of Simonson Avenue, Clifton. Shown 
on map of New-Berry Ville, filed June 3d, 1S53. The park is shown by Walling, 1S59. 
"Simpson Gordon, Florist, &c., Vanderbilt Ave. near the Pagoda * * *" adver- 
tises in the Staaten Islander, Feb'y 2Sth, 1855. 

Oaklands. At New York Avenue, Tompkins Avenue and the Finger Board Road. 
"Clifton Avenue or Finger Board Road" is .shown on the map filed Dec. 21st, 1857. 
No. 159. 

Linden Park, Between the Old Town Road and Garretsons. The old Burgher 
farm, ^ilap filed 4th of June, 1870. No. 2S4. Dripps, 1872. 

Grand View Park on Castleton Heights. Along the Todt Hill Road, Middle- 
town. On map filed Dec. 22nd, 1869, No. 268, the Todt Hill Road is called Grand 
View Avenue, and Hillside, Crown Point, Park Place and Annfield Place are given as 
names for .sections of the property. (See Ca.stleton Heights.) 

Ocean View. On the Richmond Road near Grant City. The Samuel Barton 
farm. Map filed 5th of June, 1873, No. 332. An Ocean View of later date, is at 
Giffords. 

Richmond Park. On the Richmond Road between Egbcrtville and Richmond. 
Dripps, 1872. 

Sea View Park. The vSea View Park Association owned the one half mile race 
course near, the present New Dorp railroad .station. Beers, 1874. There was also 
another race course at the foot of New Dorp Lane. 

Oceanville. At New Dorp Lane. Map filed April T9th, 1S53, No. no. 

Oceana. At New Dorp Lane, near the .shore. Dripjis, 1850. Higginson, i860. 

Cedar Grove. Near Oceana, at the foot of New Dorp Lane. Dripps, 1850. 
Higginson, i86<x Dripps, 1872. 

Court House. Old name for the railroa<l .station at Oakwood. 

Newton. The present Giffords. Dripps, 1850. Higgin.son, i860. 

Clarendon. Near the shore at Great Kill. Shown as a locality by Higgin.son, 
i860. Dripps, I S50, gives Clarendon as the residence of V,. R. Bennet; the White 
House, as the residence of W. H. Vanderbilt; Huguenot Farm, as the residence of Dr. 
E. Clark; Mooreland, as the residence of T. W. C. Moore; Wheat Sheaf F'arm, as the 



74 

resi(k'iu\- of W. A. Secly; Hay Hill, as tin- rcsi<U-iicc of C. Iv. I,evcri<lj;o; aivl Oakland, 
as the residfiice of the lainlscapc architect Trederick Law Ohiisteil. All of these 
farms were on the Soutli .Side, from New Dorp Lane to the present KltitiKville. 

Lemon Creek Post Office. Mentioned in the N. Y. SUite Manual for 1S59. In 
iS6i I'rincc's IJay Post Ofhce liad taken its place. 

Hawthorne Place. Near the shore at Red Hank and west of the Prince's Bay 

li,L;lil liouse. Sliowii as a locality by Dripps, iS5(). 

Algernon. "^Lip of the Stalen Island North and vS<nith Shore Railroad." I'iUd 
Jan. 9, iS-S;,, No. 394. The terminal station of this ])roi)osed railroad, at the shore 
near Kltingville. 

Uncle Nick Lot. "vSuhdivisionsof the Uncle Nick Lot, .\nnadal •, S. I. l'roi)erty 
of Mrs. Anna S. Sei^aiine." I'iled May 2()th, 1S71, No. 303. 

Bloomingvlew. The present Hn.Ljuenot. Colton, 1S46. Dripjv;, iS^o. Wallinjf, 
1S59. IJayles, p. 436. It is possible that what is sometimes calleil the Hloominijdale 
Road (now Ros.sville Road) .should he liloomingview Road, but the lir.st mentioned 
name is the one .s;iid to have been in use. 

Unionville. Between Tottenvillc and the Billopp House. Dripps. 1S50. Iligi^in- 
son, i,S6o. 

Bentley. A name for the post ofTice, at what is now called Tottenville. The 
N. Y. State Manual mentions Bentley Post OfTice in 1861; in 1.S62, Tottenville is named 
in its place. Bentley is mentioned in the IStitnkn Islander, Jan. 23 and April 23, 1.S56, 
and the place should never have received any other name. (See Manor of Bentley.) 

Arentsville. A proposed name for Tottenville. The "Arentsville Times" is 
said to have been published for a short time. 

Biddle (irove. At Tottenville. Map of the Biddie Grove Property. I'iled June 
30th, iS7(). Beers, 1.S74. 

Charlestown. A name for Krei.scherville. 

Androvetteville. A name for Kreischerville. The place sh.ould have 1)een 
permanently so called as it is the residence of many members of the old Staten Island 
Huguenot family of Androvette. "Androvettetown is beautifully located near the 
margin of the river. It contains a mine of wealth both as regards purity of clay and 
pretty ladies." 8tnaten IilnmUr, March Stli, 1S56. 

Allen or Van Allen Town. The southern part of Kreischerville on Van Allen 
Hill. Named after the Van Allen family. Unfortunately an effort is being made to 
change the name of that i)art of the Pre.sh Kills Road which extends from Van Allen 
Town to Tottenville, to River Si<le Avenue. 

Pogardus Corners. At Woodrow, where the Woodrow Road and the Rossville 
Road meet. Named after C. Bogardus. 

Pomona Grove. At Grove .\ venue. Port Richmond. Map filed Nov. 19th, 1S69. 
Adv. State Tax S;Ue, Dec. 1.S90. 

Lowville. .\t Cedar Street and Granite .Street, Kim Park, Northfield. Named 
after Daniel Low. Map filed June 2.Sth, 1S49, No. 63. 

The Park. A local name including the dwellings facing Port Richmond Park. 

Tuxedo. A nickname for a part of New Brighton; the end of Brighton Avenue, 

ivic. A part of the Duck Pond district. 



75 

Rajr^picker'^ Row. Several small houses on Mi nthorne Street, Tompkinsville, 
received this nickiuinie many years ago. The corner one was occupied by Thomas 
Clark and in consequence of its position was known as Clark's Point. This point is 
mentioned in the Staaten Islander, June 14th, 1856. 

The Nook. Angle formed by the meeting of Quin and Harrison Streets, Stapleton. 

Battle Row. A nickname for ^McKeon Street, Stapleton. Said to be so called i 
from the belligerent character of its residents. 

The Lawn. .\ local name for the large field at the corner of Vanderbilt Avenue 
and Bay Street, Stapleton. Sometimes called Vanderbilt's Lawn, after its owner. 

Carroll Town. Five or six small dwellings in a wooded hollow on Tompkins 
Avenue, and the present railroad track between Fort Wadsworth and Arrochar 
stations. Named after "IMattie" Carroll, a carter. j 

The Qoose Patch. The open field between Westervelt Avenue and Jersey Street, ( 
New Brighton, now traversed by Crescer.t Street. 

Silent Village. For a number of years there, were only a few small houses atj 
the top of Davis Avenue, West New Brighton, and the settlement received the name 
of the Silent Village. 

The Cottages. Some years ago, a number of small dwellings were built near the 
corner of Lafayette Avenue and the present Second Street, New Brighton, and the 
vicinity became known as "The Cottages." Later the neighborhood grew more | 
wealthy, better dwellings were erected, including the Village Hall, and the district in 
consequence changed its name to "The Capitol." "New Brighton Cottages" are, 
located on Blood's map, 1S45. 

The Orchard. A district of West New Brighton traversed by Barker Street. Iti' 
was probably the site of Gov. Dongan's orchard. The hill side (See Cork Hill)| 
occupied by Gov. Tompkins' orchard, was known bj' the same name. 

Wapp's Park. A play ground bounded in part by Prospect, Bement and Burger 
Avenues, West New Brighton, and nicknamed by the boj-s of the x-icinity. A^ 
renowned individual, whom the boys called Wapps, celebrated for her hard drinking 
and swearing, resided in the immediate vicinitj' and was a feature of the amusement 
afforded by the park. Wapps when tipsy would be seized with a church going desire 
and try to enter her neighbors' houses, believing that confession and kindred rites 
could l)e had within. 

Yellow Row. A number of squalid yellow painted hou.ses, on the w^st side of 
Broadwa) , near the Dye Works, West New Brighton, were once known as the Yellow d 
Row. 

Cork Town. A portion of West New Brighton village. 

The Village. A local name for a part of We.st New Brighton. 

Decker Town. A nickname for Travisville, because so many people by the name 
of Decker reside in tlie j)lace. I\Ian\- years ago two bachelor brothers by the name of 
Decker lived in Decker Town, eacli of them liaving a small pile of money in tlie cup- 
board. One wrongly accused the other of meddling with his jjossessicms, which he 
said had .suddenly grown much smaller. This un.setlled the mind of the innocent 
brother, who ended his life with a razor, and the survivor, finding that he was miserable 
without him, hung himself to one of the rafters of his d\\ idling. 

Jumping'Off Place. A nickname for the enrl of the Shore Road at the bluff, at 
Holland Hook. 



7(J 

Merrill Town. An old name for lUooinficM. ( Watchogue. ) 

Peanutville. A niik name for Chelsea. So called because its inhabitants in the 
lonj^ boat jonrncy from New York to Chelsea landinj^, show their g<Jo<l sense by lay- 
ing in a store of peanuts, wherewith to beguile the time. 

New Paris or French Town. Nickname given to Grant City l>ecause so many 
French families reside there. This place has been misnamed Orand City on the rail- 
road time tables for the jxist few years. There was a sign near the railnjafl track 
.several years ago, that read "Grand City." In Beer's Atlas, (irant City is also called 
Ocean View. This is, however, an error, Ocean View being the name of a<ljacent 
property. 

Seaman Town. A nickname for a row of houses in Richmond Village. St'iaten 

Mitiidfi\ Jan. 2S, 1S54. 

Paradise or the Garden of Eden. Where Tomp'<ins .\ venue cros.ses Richmond 
.\veniie, Clifton. 

Morganville. A hamlet on Kgbert Avenue, Middletown. Named after the 
Morgan family. 

Tipperary Corners, New Dublin or Young Ireland. Nicknames for Kgbert- 
ville. 

Africa or Little Africa, Sandy Ground, Harrisville. .\frica is a nickname for 
a negro settlement, near the Rossville Road, Westfield. Harrisville is the official 
name of the place. "At Harrisville, W. of Rossville road, b'd N. by lands of P. A. 
Ash, K. by lands of R. H. or Robert Dixon, S. by lands of Thomas Jeflferson or Leven 
Purnell and W. by lands of Aaron Close." Adv. State Tax Sale, Dec, 1890. 

Fiddler's Green. A nickname of a small district on Journeay Avenue, not far 
from Green Ridge. It was the residence of Reynolds, the fiddler. 

The Plains. A local name for Pleasant Plains, Westfield. 

Eel Town. .\ nickname for a portion of Pleasant Plains. "Eel Towners" are 
spoken of in the Staaten Inlander, Dec. 31st, 1856. A few years ago an old time 
entertainment took place at Pleasant Plains, and the managers thought that to be 
consistent, they would s;iy that it was to be held at "Ye Eel Towne," but the 
inhabitants were so indignant that the posters and hand bills had to be reprinted, 
leaving "Ve Eel Towne" out. 

Skunk's Misery. I^ocated along Sandy Brook, between Pleasant Plains and 
Prince's Bay. In the Shiaten Inlander, Dec. 12th, 1S57, is the following item, under 
the head of "More vShooting": "A sad accident occured on Tuesday near a small place 
called 'Skunk's Misery,' in this county, from negligence in firing at a target, with 
only a fence of hemlock boards to prevent the further progress of the balls." There 
are at least two other skunk's miseries on the Island. One is located at the foot of 
Red Lane, at Grant Cit}-, in the neighlx)rhood of Egypt, and the other is near the 
Harbor Road, at Mariners' Harbor. All of these "miseries" are low wet places. 



6984 1