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Full text of "Statistical abstract of the United States 1937"

STATISTICAL ABSTRACT 

OF THE UNITED STATES 

1937 



OAKLAND FREE LIBRARY 

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U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

DANIEL C. ROPER, Secretary 

BUREAU OF FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC COMMERCE 

ALEXANDER V. DYE, Director 



STATISTICAL ABSTRACT 

OF THE 

UNITED STATES 
1937 

FIFTY-NINTH NUMBER 




ND 



UNITED STATES 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 
WASHINGTON : 1938 



For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Washington, D. C. - - Price $1.50 (Buckram) 






.* 





CONTENTS 

Page 
Letter of submittal xvni 

1. AREA AND POPULATION 
Table 

1. Territorial Expansion of the United States: Pate and area of accessions 1 

2. Area of States and Geographic Divisions 1 

3. Area and Population, United States: 1790 to 1930 2 

4. Population of United States and Outlying Territories and Possessions: 1910 to 1930 _ 2 

5. Density of Population: By States, 1800 and 1850 to 1930 -. 3 

6. Population by States: 1790 to 1930 4 

7. Distribution of Population in Groups of Cities and in Rural Territory.. 6 

8. Population in Places of 8,000 Inhabitants or More . 6 

9. Urban and Rural Population: By States ^ 7 

10. Farm Population and Rural Nonfarm Population: By States 8 

11. Annual Midyear Estimates of Population, by States, 1927 to 1936 9 

12. Annual Midyear Estimates of Population: Continental United States, 1860 to 1937, and 

Territories and Possessions, 1910 to 1937 10 

13. Sex Distribution: Totals, 1860 to 1930, and by race, nativity, and parentage, 1910 to 1930 10 

14. Race, Nativity, and Parentage of Population: 1870 to 1930 11 

15. Sex Distribution: By race and nativity, by States 12 

16. Race of Population: By States, 1880 to 1930 14 

17. Race, Nativity, and Parentage: By States.. _ 16 

18. Race, Nativity, and Parentage: Percentages by States 18 

19. Urban and Rural Population: By race, nativity, and parentage, and by sex and age groups. .. 19 

20. Cities of 50,000 or More Inhabitants: Population by color, nativity, and parentage, and sex 20 

21. Foreign-born Population: By country of birth, 1880 to 1930 - - 26 

22. Foreign-born White Population: By country of birth 27 

23. Foreign-born White Population, Urban and Rural: By country of birth . 27 

24. Foreign-born White Population: By country of birth, by States 28 

25. Mother Tongue of Foreign-born White Population 32 

26. Citizenship of Foreign-born White Population: By principal countries of birth 33 

27. Persons 21 Years of Age and Over, by Sex, Race, Nativity, and Parentage, and Total Males 18 

to 44 Years of Age, by States 34 

28. Age Distribution: By States. 36 

29. Age Distribution: Percentages by States 38 

30. Age Distribution: Total, 1900 to 1930, and by sex and race, nativity, and parentage, 1930 39 

31. Median Ages: By color, nativity, and sex 40 

32. Population of Alaska, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico: By sex, race, nativity, and age 40 

33. Illiterate Persons: By geographic divisions, distinguishing urban and rural, and by age groups.. 41 

34. Illiterate Persons: By States 42 

36. Percentage of Illiteracy: By States . 43 

36. Marital Condition: By States 44 

37. Marital Condition: By sex, race, nativity, and parentage 46 

38. Marital Condition of Urban and Rural Population 47 

39. Urban and Rural Dwellings and Families .- 47 

40. Families by Tenure, and Average Population per Family 48 

41. Families , by Color and Nativity of Head, and Dwellings by Class 49 

42. Families: Bysize,by number of children under 10 years of age, and by number of gainful workers. 50 

43. Nonfarm Homes: By value or monthly rental, by color and nativity of head of family 60 

44. Owned Nonfarm Homes Classified According to Value: By States 51 

45. Rented Nonfarm Homes Classified According to Monthly Rental: By States. 52 

46. Persons Gainfully Occupied: By sex, 1890 to 1930, and by sex and age, 1920 and 1930 53 

47. Males and Females Gainfully Occupied: By age periods for each principal class of occupation and 

for each general division of occupation 53 

48. Gainful Workers: By general divisions of occupations and by sex 55 

49. Gainful Workers: By occupation and sex 55 

ni 



IV CONTENTS 

Table Page 

60. Males and Females Gainfully Occupied: By States _ 65 

61. Gainful Workers: By general divisions of occupations; by sex and by States 66 

52. Religious Bodies: Churches and members, by denominations.. 68 

53. Religious Bodies: Value of property, expenditures, and Sunday schools and scholars 69 

2. DEFECTIVES AND DELINQUENTS 

54. Mental Patients, Mental Defectives, and Epileptics in State Institutions and Prisoners in State 

and Federal Prisons and Reformatories 70 

55. Movement of Patient Population in Hospitals for Mental Disease and in Institutions for Mental 

Defectives and Epileptics 70 

56. Patients in Hospitals for Mental Disease and in Institutions for Mental Defectives and Epilep- 

tics, by States 71 

57. First Admissions to Hospitals for Mental Disease: By psychosis and sex 72 

58. Patients with Psychosis in State Hospitals for Mental Disease: Discharges -and deaths, by 

psychosis. 72 

59. First Admissions to State Hospitals for Mental Disease, Patients with Psychosis only: By sex, 

color, nativity, and age... 73 

60. First Admissions to Institutions for Mental Defectives and Epileptics: By sex, mental status, 

and type of epilepsy 73 

61. State and Federal Prisons and Reformatories: Prisoners received from courts, by classes 73 

62. State and Federal Prisons and Reformatories: Prisoners present January 1, and number re- 

ceived from courts, by States 74 

63. State and Federal Prisons and Reformatories and County and City Jails: Prisoners received 

from courts, by sex and offense 75 

64. County and City Jails: Prisoners discharged, by offense and time served 75 

65. Movement of Population in State and Federal Prisons and Reformatories, by Sex 76 

66. State and Federal Prisons and Reformatories: Prisoners discharged, by offense, sentence, and 

time served 76 

67. Juvenile Delinquents in State Institutions: By States 77 

68. Juvenile Delinquents Received from Courts: By offense, sex, and age 77 

69. Children Under Institutional Care: By type of care, by States 78 

70. Children Under Institutional Care: By age, sex, type of care, color, and years under care 78 

71. Children Under Institutional Care: By sex and present whereabouts of father and mother 79 

72. Blind and Deafmutes: By sex, race, and age 79 

73. Blind and Deafmutes in the Population: By States 79 

3. VITAL STATISTICS 

74. Deaths: Number and rates, 1880 to 1935 80 

75. Deaths: Rates by sex and age groups, 1901 to 1933 81 

76. Deaths: Number, by States 81 

77. Deaths: Rates, by States.. 82 

78. Deaths: Rates, 1920 to 1933, by color, distinguishing cities and rural area 82 

79. Deaths: Number and rates, by important causes 83 

80. Deaths: Rates for each registration city of 100,000 or more inhabitants 84 

81. Births, Deaths, and Deaths under 1 year of Age: By sex 85 

82. Number of Births and Excess of Births over Deaths: By States 86 

83. Birth and Death Rates: By color, and for cities and rural areas, 1920 to 1933 87 

84. Birth Rates and Excess of Births Over Deaths: By States 88 

85. Births and Stillbirths by Legitimacy: By States 88 

86. Deaths of Infants under 1 Year of Age: Number and rates, by States 90 

87. Deaths of Infants under 1 Year of Age: Rates, by principal causes 91 

88. Deaths of Infants under 1 Year of Age: Rates, according to age subdivisions 92 

89. Births and Deaths: Hawaii, Puerto Rico, and Virgin Islands 92 

90. Homicides and Suicides: Number and rate in cities having 100,000 population or more 92 

91. Birth and Death Registration Area: States included with year when each was added 93 

92. Marriages, Divorces, and Annulments: Number and ratio of divorces to marriages 93 

93. Marriages, Divorces, and Annulments: Number and ratio of divorces to marriages, by States.. 94 

4. IMMIGRATION, EMIGRATION, AND NATURALIZATION 

94. Immigration: 1821 to 1936 95 

95. Admissions and Departures of Aliens: 1910 to 1936 95 

96. Aliens Debarred and Deported, Deportable Aliens Voluntarily Departed, and Indigent Aliens 

Returned at their Request 96 

97. Immigrant Aliens Admitted and Emigrant Aliens Departed, by Sex, Age, and Occupation; and 

Illiteracy and Financial Condition of Immigrants -- 96 

98. Immigration: By countries of last residence, 1841 to 1930- . 97 



CONTENTS V 

Table Page 

99. Immigrant Aliens Admitted and Emigrant Aliens Departed: By country of last or future 

residence 98 

100. Immigrant Aliens Admitted and Emigrant Aliens Departed: By race or people 99 

101. Immigrant Aliens Admitted: Percentages, by race or people .. 99 

102. Immigration Quotas Allotted and Quota Aliens Admitted: By country or region of birth 100 

103. Aliens Admitted: By classes under the Immigration Act of 1924, as amended 101 

104. Aliens Deported: By principal causes, countries, race, and sex . 101 

105. Total Arrivals and Departures of Aliens and Citizens and Arrivals at Principal Ports 101 

106. Aliens Registered under the Act of March 2, 1929, and June 8, 1934 102 

107. Certificates of Naturalization Issued: By States and outlying areas, and by sex. 103 

108. Certificates of Naturalization Issued: By countries of former allegiance 103 

5. EDUCATION 

109. Summary of Public Elementary and Secondary Schools: 1870 to 1934 104 

110. Elementary, Secondary, Normal School, and College Enrollment and Expenditures: 1900 to 1934. 105 

111. Public High Schools and Private High Schools and Academies: 1890 to 1934 105 

112. Teachers' Colleges and Normal Schools: 1900 to 1934 106 

113. Universities, Colleges, and Professional Schools: 1900 to 1934... 107 

114. Elementary and Secondary Schools, Public and Private: Enrollment and attendance, by States. 108 

115. Public Elementary and Secondary Schools: Number and salary of teachers, by States 110 

116. Public Elementary and Secondary Schools: Expenditures, by States . 111 

117. Public Elementary and Secondary Schools: White and Negro enrollment in 18 States 112 

118. Public and Private High Schools: Pupils enrolled by States 112 

119. School Statistics of Noncontiguous Territories '... 113 

120. Universities. Colleges, and Professional Schools: Instructors, students, and income, by States.. 114 

121. Universities, Colleges, and Professional Schools: Libraries and property, by States.. 116 

122. Students Enrolled in Professional Schools, Both Independent and University Schools, Including 

Teacher- Training Institutions 117 

123. Students Enrolled in and Graduating from Curricula Preparatory to Teaching, in All Institu- 

tions of Higher Education 118 

124. Teachers' Colleges and Normal Schools: Teachers, students, and graduates, by States.. 119 

125. Nurse Training, Commercial. Summer, and Reform Schools: By States 120 

126. Schools for the Blind, the Deaf, and the Mentally Deficient: By States 121 

127. Schools for the Blind, the Deaf, and the Mentally Deficient: 1922, 1927, and 1932_ 122 

128. Vocational Education: Teachers and pupils, by class of school 122 

129. Vocational Education: Pupils enrolled in vocational courses and teacher-training courses, by 

States r r 123 

130. Vocational Education: Expenditures under the vocational education act.. 124 

131. Vocational Rehabilitation of Persons Disabled in Industry or Otherwise 125 

6. PUBLIC LANDS 

132. Original and Perfected Entries of Public and Indian Lands and Area Patented: By classes 126 

133. Original and Perfected Entries of Public and Indian Lands and Area Patented: By States 126 

134. Homesteads: Original entries by States, 1921 to 1936, and final entries, entire area, 1868 to 1936. 127 

135. Stock-raising Homesteads: Original entries from passage of act to June 30, 1936, by States 127 

136. Timber and Stone, Coal, Mineral, and Desert-land Entries: By States 128 

137. Lands Certified or Patented on Account of Railway and Wagon Road Grants: By States 128 

138. Lands Certified or Patented on Account of Railway or Wagon Road Grants: 1850 to 1936 129 

139. Land Grants to States for Educational and Other Purposes: By States 130 

140. Receipts under the Mineral Leasing Act of February 25, 1920. 131 

141. Acreage of Public Lands Withdrawn from Settlement and Restorations Therefrom 131 

142. Public Land: Areas unappropriated and unreserved 132 

143. Area of Indian Reservations and Indian Population 132 

7. CLIMATE 

144. Climatic Conditions: Selected cities in the United States. 133 

8. ARMY, NAVY, VETERANS' ADMINISTRATION ACTIVITIES, SOCIAL 
SECURITY, CIVIL SERVICE. ELECTIONS, ETC. 

145. Army of the United States: Strength of component parts, 1890 to 1936 145 

146. National Guard: Organized strengfti, by States 146 

147. Navy, Marine Corps, Naval Reserve, and Marine Corps Reserve: Organized strength, 1905 

to 1936 146 

148. Navy: Number and displacement of vessels fit for service, 1906 to 1936 146 

149. Navy: Number and displacement of vessels, by classes, December 31, 1936 147 



VI CONTENTS 

Table 

150. American Red Cross: Expenditures and membership 147 

151. Disbursements by the Veterans' Administration and Predecessor Organizations 148 

152. Pensions, Compensation, Disability Allowance, and Emergency Officers' Retirement Pay: 

Number receiving these benefits and disbursements for benefits, 1866 to 1936 149 

153. Pensions, Compensation, Disability Allowance, and Emergency Officers' Retirement Pay: 

Annual average value of payments 150 

154. Government Life Insurance: Term and converted insurance awards 150 

155. Government Life Insurance: Insurance in force and premiums paid 151 

156. Government Life Insurance: Converted insurance issued and in force, by plan 151 

157. Government Life Insurance Fund: Financial statement . 151 

158. Adjusted Compensation Awards: Status as of February 28, 1937 152 

159. United States Veterans Receiving Hospital or Domiciliary Care Authorized by the Veterans' 

Administration 152 

160. Retirement of Federal Military Personnel and Other Special Classes of Federal Employees 153 

161. Federal Service: Employment and pay rolls 153 

162. Federal Executive Civil Service: Employees. .. 153 

163. Federal Executive Civil Service: Employees by departments or offices 154 

164. Civil Service: Examinations, appointments, and competitive positions, 1885 to 1936 155 

165. Civil Service and Canal Zone Retirement: Summary of operations 156 

166. Development of Old-age Pension Movement in the United States, 1915 to 1936 157 

167. Public Assistance to Aged and Blind Persons and for Dependent Children under the Social 

Security Act: Number of recipients and obligations incurred for payments to recipients, by 

months -- 157 

168. Public Assistance to Aged and Blind Persons and for Dependent Children under the Social 

Security Act: Number of recipients and obligations incurred for payments to recipients, by 

States.. 158 

169. Popular Vote for Presidential Electors: By parties, totals, 1888 to 1936, and by States, 1936 159 

170. Electoral Vote for President: By principal political parties and by States 160 

171. Congressional Representation: Ratios and apportionment, by States, at each census. _. 161 

9. NATIONAL GOVERNMENT FINANCES 

172. Receipts and Expenditures Chargeable Against Them: By months.. 162 

173. Receipts and Expenditures: Summary, 1789 to 1937 163 

174. Receipts and Expenditures: By major classifications, 1932 to 1936 165 

175. Expenditures: By detailed purposes, 1936 167 

176. Receipts: By sources, 1936 172 

177. Internal Revenue: Amounts collected from principal sources, 1863 to 1937 . 174 

178. Internal Revenue: Receipts from each specific source, 1932 to 1936 175 

179. Internal Revenue: Receipts by States 176 

180. Individual and Corporation Income Tax Returns: Summary 177 

181. Individual Income Tax Returns: Analysis, 1926 to 1934 177 

182. Individual Income Tax Returns: Number and net income, by family relationship 178 

183. Individual Income Tax Returns: Total income by States and Territories, distributed by sources.- 179 

184. Individual Income Tax Returns: Number, income, deductions, and tax, with averages and 

percentages, by States and Territories. 180 

185. Individual Income Tax Returns: Number, net income, tax, and average rate, by income classes. . 182 

186. Individual Income Tax Returns: Analysis, by income classes 183 

187. Individual Income Tax Returns: Percentage of income from each source, by income classes 184 

188. Corporation Income Tax Returns: Summary 184 

189. Corporation Income Tax Returns: Net income and tax yield, by States 185 

190. Corporation Income Tax Returns: Analysis, by States 186 

191. Corporation Income Tax Returns: By industrial groups, 1927 to 1934 188 

192. Corporation Income Tax Returns: Gross income of corporations by industrial groups 190 

193. Corporation Dividends: By industrial groups 190 

194. Corporation Income Tax Returns: Receipts, deductions, profits, and tax, all corporations 191 

195. Corporation Income Tax Returns: Receipts, deductions, profits, and tax, by industrial groups. 192 

196. Assets and Liabilities of Corporations: Summary, 1926 to 1934 193 

197. Assets and Liabilities of Corporations: By industrial groups 194 

198. Corporation Income Tax Returns: Number, assets, receipts, net profit or loss, and net income or 

deficit of corporations submitting balance sheets, by total assets classes 195 

199. Corporation Income Tax Returns: Number, gross and net income, and tax, by industries 196 

200. Gift Tax Returns Filed for 1932 to 1934 .| 198 

201. Federal Estate Tax Returns: Summary 198 

202. Federal Estate Tax Returns: Analysis of returns of resident decedents 199 

203. Public Debt: Totals, 1800 to 1937, and by classes, 1917 to 1937.. 200 

204. Public Debt: Description of issues outstanding, December 31, 1936.. 201 

305. Public Debt: Transactions during 1931 to 1936 202 



CONTENTS Vn 

10. STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT FINANCES 
Table Page 

206. Contingent Liabilities of the United States: Amounts outstanding, December 31, 1935 and 1936.. 20?, 

207. Indebtedness of Foreign Governments to the United States 203 

208. Securities Owned by the United States Government .: 203 

209. Tax Exempt Securities: Estimated amounts outstanding 204 

210. Revenues, Expenditures, and Debt: All classes of Government organizations in the United 

States 205 

21 1 . Revenues and Expenditures of State and Local Governments, by Classes 205 

212. State Finances: Revenues and expenditures of all States combined, by principal classes 206 

213. State Finances: Revenues and expenditures of all States combined, summary, 1915 to 1932 206 

214. State Finances: Per capita revenues and expenditures of all States combined, 1915 to 1932 207 

215. Assessed Valuation of Property Subject to General Property Tax: By States 207 

216. Local Governments: Revenues and expenditures, by States 208 

217. Taxes: Total levies of ad valorem general property taxes of all civil divisions, by States 210 

218. State Finances: Revenues and expenditures, by States 211 

219. Public Debt: Gross debt of State and local governments by classes, for each State 212 

220. Debts of State and Local Governments Combined: By States 213 

221. Debts of Local Governments: Gross debt less sinking-fund assets, by States 214 

222. Debts of Local Governments by Classes of Civil Divisions: By States 215 

223. State Debts: Gross debt, sinking-fund assets, and debt less sinking-fund assets of all States. __ 215 

224. Debts of State Governments: Gross debt less sinking-fund assets, by States 216 

225. State Debts: Funded, floating, and special-assessment debt by purpose for which incurred 217 

226. Revenues, Expenditures, and Net Debt of Each City of 100,000 or More Inhabitants 218 

227. Per Capita Revenues, Expenditures, and Net Debt of Each City of 100,000 or More Inhabitants. 220 

228. Revenues, Expenditures, and Net Debt of 94 Cities of 100,000 or More Inhabitants. 224 

11. BANKING AND FINANCE 

229. Coinage of the United States Mints: 1793 to 1936.. 225 

230. Money in Circulation, by kinds, 1921 to 1937 225 

231. Money: Stock in the United States, by kinds, 1860 to 1937 .. 226 

232. Money: Stock and amount in Treasury and in circulation, 1800 to 1937 227 

233. Federal Reserve Banks: Total and principal assets of all banks and of each bank 228 

234. Federal Reserve Banks: Principal liabilities of all banks and of each bank 229 

235. Federal Reserve Banks: Holdings of United States securities 230 

236. Federal Reserve Banks: Holdings of discounted bills, by classes and maturities 230 

237. Federal Reserve Banks: Holdings of bills bought _. 231 

238. Federal Reserve Banks: Discount rates of each bank, January 1, 1929, to June 30, 1937 231 

239. Federal Reserve Banks: Average annual rate of earnings on bills and securities 232 

240. Federal Reserve Banks: Volume of operations in principal departments 233 

241. Federal Reserve Banks: Operations of branches 233 

242. Federal Reserve Agents' Gold Certificate Fund: Summary of transactions 234 

243. Federal Reserve Inter-District Settlement Fund: Transactions through the fund, 1919 to 1936 234 

244. Federal Reserve Inter-District Settlement Fund: Transactions through the fund, by districts.. 235 

245. Federal Reserve Banks: Profit and loss account 235 

246. Federal Reserve System: Principal assets and liabilities of all member banks 236 

247. Federal Reserve System: Principal assets and liabilities of member banks in leading cities 238 

248. Federal Reserve System: Number, capital and surplus, and total assets of member banks 239 

249. Federal Reserve System: Loans and investments of all member banks, by classes 239 

250. Federal Reserve System: Earnings, expenses, and dividends of all member banks 240 

251. All Reporting Banks: Loans, investments, and deposits of member and nonmember banks 240 

252. All Reporting Banks: Principal assets and liabilities for all banks and each class of banks 241 

253. All Active Banks: Classification of loans and investments as of June 30 _ 243 

254. All Reporting Banks: Assets and liabilities, 1920 to 1936 __ - 244 

255. All Active Banks: Principal assets and liabilities, by States, June 30, 1936 - 245 

256. National Banks: Principal assets and liabilities, December 31, 1920 to 1936 246 

257. National Banks: Principal assets and liabilities, by States, December 31, 1936 247 

258. National Banks: Dividends and net addition to profits, with ratios 248 

259. National Banks: Classification of loans and investments 248 

260. Insured and Noninsured Banks: Number and deposits by size of deposits 249 

261. Insured and Noninsured Commercial Banks: Number and deposits, by States 250 

262. Insured Commercial Banks: Principal assets and liabilities 250 

263. Banks: Establishments, employees, and pay roll for each class of banks, 1935. ._ 251 

264. Banks: Establishments, employees, and pay roll, by States 251 

265. Bank Suspensions, 1921 to 1936 252 

266. Certain Major Items of Savings of the United States 252 

267. Savings Banks: Number of depositors and amount of savings deposits, 1820 to 1910 263 

268. Savings and Other Time Deposits and Depositors in Banks and Trust Companies, 1910 to 1936. 253 



VIII CONTENTS 

Table Page 

269. Savings and Other Time Deposits and Depositors in Banks and Trust Companies: By States .. 254 

270. Mutual Savings Banks: Number of depositors and amount of deposits, by States. 255 

271. Savings Deposits and Depositors in All Reporting Banks 255 

272. Postal Savings: Summary of business since the establishment of the system 256 

273. Postal Savings: Summary of business, by States 256 

274. Building and Loan Associations: Number, membership, assets, and mortgage loans 257 

275. Failures of Building and Loan Associations 258 

276. Home Owners' Loan Corporation: Summary of refinancing operations 258 

277. Federal Home Loan Banks: Principal assets and liabilities 259 

278. Federal Home Loan Bank System: Member institutions and institutions insured by the Fed- 

eral Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation 259 

279. Farm Credit Administration: Loans and discounts advanced and outstanding, 1917 to 1936 2f>0 

280. National Farm Loan Associations and Production Credit Associations: Number of associations. 260 

281. Farm Credit Administration: Loans and discounts outstanding, December 31, 1936, by States. 2fil 

282. Federal Land Banks and Land Bank Commissioner: Number and amount of loans closed dur- 

ing 1935 and 1936 262 

283. Federal Land Banks: Principal assets and liabilities 263 

284. Federal Farm Mortgage Corporation: Principal assets and liabilities 263 

285. Joint Stock Land Banks: Principal assets and liabilities 263 

286. Joint Stock Land Banks: Farm-mortgage loans closed and outstanding, 1917 to 1936 264 

287. Joint Stock Land Banks: Number and amount of loans outstanding, by States 264 

288. Banks for Cooperatives: Loans advanced and outstanding, by commodities and by type of 

loan 264 

289. Federal Intermediate Credit Banks: Principal assets and liabilities _ 265 

290. Federal Intermediate Credit Banks: Classification of loans and discounts outstanding 265 

291. Reconstruction Finance Corporation: Loans and other authorizations; purchases of securities 

from Public Works Administration; and allocations to other governmental agencies 266 

292. Government Corporations and Credit Agencies of the United States: Assets and liabilities. _ _ 267 

293. Clearing HouseExchanges: Summary for United States, 1882 to 1936 268 

294. Debits to Individual Accounts in 141 Principal Cities: By districts and by months 269 

295. Debits to Individual Accounts in Each of 141 Principal Cities... 270 

296. Exchange Rates in New York for Cable Transfers on Principal Financial Centers 272 

297. Exchange Rates in New York for Cable Transfers on Principal Financial Centers: By months. 273 

298. Interest Rates: Call money, time loans, and acceptances, New York, by years and months 274 

299. Fire and Marine Insurance Business: Major statistical items 275 

300. Fire and Lightning Insurance Business: Detailed statistics 276 

301. Fire Losses: Estimated United States total and total for reporting cities 276 

302. Life Insurance Companies: Summary of financial condition and policy account _ 277 

303. Life Insurance Companies: Detailed financial condition and business transacted 277 

304. Life Insurance Issued and Terminated: All companies of the United States 279 

305. Life Insurance: Operations of all companies of the United States since or ganization 279 

306. Life Insurance: Ordinary and industrial insurance written and in force, by States 280 

307. Life Insurance of Fraternal Orders 281 

308. Casualty, Surety, and Miscellaneous Insurance Companies: Financial condition and business. 281 

309. Casualty, Surety, and Miscellaneous Insurance Companies: Premiums and losses, by classes, _ 282 

310. Mutual Accident and Sick Benefit Associations: Financial condition and business 282 

311. Insurance Carriers and Insurance Agencies and Brokerage Offices: Offices, employment and 

pay roll, by States 283 

312. Insurance Carriers and Insurance Agencies and Brokerage Offices: Number of offices, employ- 

ment, and payroll for the United States 284 

313. Financial Institutions Other than Banks: Establishments, employees, and pay roll 284 

314. Commodity Exchange Transactions: Volume of trading in principal grain futures and amount 

of Federal taxes collected on sales of all commodities for future delivery.. 285 

315. Value of Securities Listed on the New York Stock Exchange 285 

316. Volume of Sales on New York Stock Exchange 285 

317. Sales of Stocks and Bonds on All Registered Exchanges 286 

318. Brokers' Loans Outstanding 286 

319. Customers' Debit Balances, Money Borrowed and Related Items: Stock Exchange firms carry- 

ing margin accounts 286 

320. New York Times Average Prices of Stocks 287 

321. Average Prices of Stocks and Bonds, by Classes 287 

322. Stock and Bond Yields: Percent 288 

323. Cash Dividend Payments on 600 Common Stocks 288 

324. Net Profits of Corporations . 289 

325. Capital Issues: Summary, by classes 289 

326. Capital Issues: Corporate, foreign government, farm loan and government agencies and State 

and municipal ... 290 



CONTENTS IX 

Table Page 

327. Foreign Capital Issues (Governmental and Corporate) Publicly Offered in the United States._ 291 

328. Commercial Failures: 1857 to 1936 291 

329. Commercial Failures: Number and liabilities, by months 292 

330. Commercial Failures: By industrial groups and size of liabilities 292 

331. Applications for Reorganization under Section 77-B Amendment to the Bankruptcy Act 292 

"32. Commercial Failures: By industrial groups and industries 293 

333. Commercial Failures: Number and liabilities, by States . 294 

12. NATIONAL WEALTH AND INCOME 

334. National Wealth, Estimates: Total, 1850 to 1922, and by classes, 1900 to 1922 295 

335. Wealth: Estimated value of all tangible property in each State, total and per capita. 296 

336. National Income Produced and Paid out 297 

337. National Income Paid Out, by Types of Payment 297 

338. National Income Produced: By industrial divisions 297 

339. Number of Employees and Per Capita Income of Employees 298 

340. Long-term Debt, Public and Private: Estimated amounts outstanding, by classes 298 

13. PRICES 

341. Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Prices: Index numbers, monthly 299 

342. Wholesale Prices by Commodity Groups: Index numbers 300 

343. Wholesale Prices: Index numbers, 1860 to 1889 301 

344. Wholesale Prices by Commodity Subgroups: Index numbers 301 

345. Wholesale Prices of Leading Commodities 302 

346. Wholesale Price Indexes: All commodities and by economic classes 305 

347. Cost of Goods Purchased by Wage Earners and Lower-salaried Workers in the United States: 

Index numbers, by groups 305 

348. Cost of Goods Purchased by Wage Earners and Lower-salaried Workers in Principal Cities: 

Index numbers 306 

349. Retail Costs of All Foods: Index numbers 307 

350. Retail Costs of All Foods, by Regions: Index numbers 307 

351. Retail Costs of All Foods, by Commodity Groups: Index numbers 308 

352. Retail Prices of Principal Articles of Food 309 

353. Annual Average Unit Values of Important Articles Imported 310 

354. Annual Average Unit Values of Important Articles Exported 312 

14. WAGES, HOURS OF LABOR, AND EMPLOYMENT 

355. Average Hours and Earnings in Selected Manufacturing Industries 313 

356. Index Numbers of Average Weekly Earnings in Manufacturing Industries, Cost of Living, and 

of Weekly Earnings Adjusted to the Cost of Living Index 315 

357. Average Hours and Earnings in Selected Nonmanufacturing Industries 315 

358. Average Hourly Wage Rates Paid Common Labor, Specified Industries 316 

359. Wage Rates of Common Labor in Road Building 316 

360. Indexes of Employment and Pay Rolls in Manufacturing Industries: Revised series 317 

361. Indexes of Employment in Manufacturing Industries: Adjusted for seasonal variations 317 

362. Indexes of Employment and Pay Rolls in Manufacturing Industries: By durable- and non- 

durable-goods groups 318 

363. Indexes of Employment and Pay Rolls in Manufacturing Establishments: By industry groups. 319 

364. Indexes of Employment and Pay Rolls in Manufacturing Establishments: By industries 320 

365. Indexes of Factory Employment and Pay Rolls in Specified States.-.. 322 

366. Weekly Earnings of Factory Labor in Specified States 323 

367. Average Weekly and Hourly Earnings in Manufacturing Industries 323 

368. Indexes of Employment and Pay Rolls in Nonmanufacturing Industries and Business 324 

369. Employment, Pay Rolls, and Average Weekly Wages for Full-time Employees, by Occupa- 

tional Groups for Specified Industries and Businesses 325 

370. Indexes of Union Scales of Hourly Wage Rates and Weekly Hours in Building and Printing 

Trades: By occupations 326 

371. Union Wage Rates per Hour and Hours per Week in Specified Trades 330 

372. Strikes: Number of strikes, number of workers involved, and man-days idle 331 

373. Employment and Pay Rolls on Construction Projects Financed from Regular Governmental 

Appropriations 

374. Employment and Pay Rolls on Projects Financed from Public Works Administration Funds.- 332 

375. Employment and Pay Rolls on Projects Financed by the Works Program 333 

376. Unemployment Relief: Number receiving relief and obligations incurred for relief from public 

funds i 334 

377. Unemployment Relief: Resident cases and persons receiving relief and obligations incurred for 

relief from public funds, by States _ - 335 



fc CONTENTS 

Table Page 

378. Civilian Conservation Corps: Enrolled strength and amount expended or obligated 335 

379. Activities of Offices of the State Employment Service and the National Employment Service.- 336 

IS. POSTAL SERVICE 

380. Statistical Summary of the Postal Service: 1800 to 1936 337 

881. Revenues, Postal Service: By principal items 338 

382. Postal Money-order Business. - -- 338 

.383. Expenditures, Postal Service: By principal items 339 

384. Transportation of Domestic Mails, and Number and Salaries of Railway Mail Employees 339 

385. City and Rural Free Delivery and Star Route Service 340 

386. Postal Service: Volume of transactions in stamped paper and of mail carried, by classes 340 

387. Postal Service: Number of offices, mileage of rural free delivery, and gross receipts, by States. 341 
16. TELEPHONE, TELEGRAPH, CABLE, AND RADIOTELEGRAPH SYSTEMS 

388. Telephone Systems: Equipment, traffic, employees, wages, revenue, and investment 342 

389. Telephone Systems: Miles of wire and number of calls and telephones, by States 343 

390. Telephone Systems: Number of telephones and miles of wire, 1895 to 1936 344 

391. American Telephone & Telegraph Co. and Subsidiaries: Summary of statistics 344 

392. Telephone Systems: Reports to Interstate Commerce Commission and the Federal Commu- 

nications Commission , 345 

393. Radiotelegraph Carriers: Reports to the Federal Communications Commission 345 

394. Telegraph and Cable Systems: Reports to Interstate Commerce Commission and the Federal 

Communications Commission 346 

395. Land and Ocean-cable Telegraph Systems Combined : Summary of statistics 346 

396. Land and Ocean-cable Telegraph Systems: Equipment, traffic, employees, and finances 347 

397. Western Union Telegraph Co.: Mileage of lines and wires, number of offices, and finances 347 

17. POWER ELECTRIC AND OTHER 

398. Annual Supply of Energy from Mineral Fuels and Water Power in the United States 348 

399. Electricity Produced and Consumption of Fuel by Public Utility Power Plants 348 

400. Production of Electric Power and Capacity of Generators in Public Utility Power Plants, by 

States 349 

401. Central Electric Stations: Statistics of commercial and municipal stations, by States 350 

402. Central Electric Stations: Summary of statistics for all stations combined 352 

403. Central Electric Stations: Summary of statistics for commercial and municipal stations 352 

404. Central Electric Stations: Financial statistics 353 

405. Central Electric Stations: Customers, current sold, and re venue, by class of service 353 

406. Electric Light and Power Industry: Reports to the Edison Electric Institute 354 

407. Average Typical Bills for Specified Quantities of Electricity in 150 Cities 354 

408. Total Net Monthly Price of Specified Amounts of Electricity : B y cities 354 

409. Developed and Potential Water Power of the United States 356 

18. PUBLIC ROADS AND MOTOR VEHICLES 

410. Rural Highways: Summary of statistics, 1921 to 1936 357 

411. Rural Highways: Mileage December 31, 1914 to 1930, by States 358 

412. State Highway Systems: Rural roads and municipal streets connecting highways as of Decem- 

ber 31, 1936, and rural mileage surfaced during 1935 and 1936. 359 

413. State Highways: Disbursements 1921 to 1936, by States 360 

414. State Highways: Funds available and distribution of expenditures 361 

415. Federal Aid and Emergency Road Construction and Grade Crossing Projects: Status 362 

416. Production and Registration of Motor Vehicles: 1900 to 1936 363 

417. Factory Sales of Passenger Cars, by Wholesale Price Classes, and Percentage of closed cars 363 

418. Production of Motor Vehicles: By months 364 

419. State Motor-fuel Taxes: Gross receipts and tax 364 

420. Motor Vehicle Registration: By States. 365 

421. Registrations of and Revenues from Motor Vehicles: By States.. 366 

422. Automobile Fatalities: Number and death rate in entire registration area, 1911 to 1935 367 

423. Automobile Fatalities: Number and death rate in registration States and cities... -. 368 

19. TRANSPORTATION, AIR AND LAND-STEAM AND ELECTRIC RAILWAYS, 

EXPRESS COMPANIES, MOTOR BUSSES, AND CIVIL AERONAUTICS 

424. Railway Mileage Owned and Mileage Operated: By classes of track, 1890 to 1936 370 

425. Railway Mileage Owned: By States 371 

426. Railway Mileage Owned and Operated: Total, 1842 to 1936 372 

427. Mileage Operated and Equipment: By districts 372 

428. Mileage of Road and Tracks Operated: By districts 373 

429. Railway/EqTiipment Installed and Retired from Service 373 

430. RailwaY Equipment in Service, All Reporting Companies 374 

431. Classification of Railway Cars in Service .... 374 



CONTENTS XI 

Table Page 

432. Railway Employees: Number and compensation.. 375 

433. Railway Employees: Number and compensation, by districts and classes.. 375 

434. Receiverships of Railways - 376 

435. Capitalization of Railroads 377 

436. Railway Stock Outstanding, Dividends, and Interest 377 

437. Railway Securities Outstanding: By districts and classes of securities 378 

438. Property Investment, Income, Interest, and Dividends: Operating railroads 378 

439. Freight Traffic: Train and car movement 379 

440. Freight Traffic: Tonnage and revenue 380 

441. Revenue and Traffic Statistics: By years and months 381 

442. Passenger Traffic: Passengers carried and passenger revenue 382 

443. Revenue, Expenses, and Income of Operating Companies with Averages Per Mile of Line 383 

444. Income Account: Totals, and by districts 384 

445. Taxes and Special Assessments on Railways: By States 385 

446. Revenue Freight Carried: By commodity groups 386 

447. Revenue Freight Carried: By principal commodities 387 

448. Car Loadings: All commodities and commodity groups, by months 390 

449. Steam Railway Accidents, by Causes 391 

450. Persons Killed and Injured in Railway Accidents 392 

451. Consumption of Fuel, and Replacements of Rails and Ties -. 392 

452. Express Companies: Income account -- 393 

453. The Pullman Co. : Abstract of operations 393 

454. The Alaska Railroad: Passenger and freight service 394 

455. Electric Railways: Summary of operations 394 

456. Electric Railways: Mileage, equipment, output of electricity, traffic, employees, and wages 395 

457. Electric Railways: Mileage, traffic, and revenue, by States 396 

458. Electric Railways: Income account of operating companies 398 

459. Electric Railways: Receiverships 398 

460. Electric Railways: Comparative statistics of elevated and subway lines 399 

461. Electric Railways: Mileage of elevated and subway and tunnel track, by States. 399 

462. Electric Railways: Finances of elevated and subway lines 399 

463. Motor-Bus Operations: Summary of statistics for lines operated by electric railways, subsid- 

iary and successor companies 400 

464. Motor-Bus Industry: Statistics of public and private carriers 401 

465. Common Carrier Motor-Bus Transportation, Motor Trucking for Hire, and Public Warehous- 

ing: Summary for the United States 402 

466. Civil Aeronautics: Summary of statistics 403 

20. WATERWAYS, WATER TRAFFIC, AND SHIPPING 

467. Cargo Tonnage of Water-borne Commerce of the United States: Aggregates 404 

468. Commerce of Principal United States Ocean Ports 405 

469. Great Lakes: Commerce of the principal ports 405 

470. New York State Canals: Tonnage of freight moved 406 

471. St. Mary's Falls Canal: General traffic statistics 407 

472. Ohio River Traffic: Tonnage, ton-mileage, and value of freight 407 

473. Commerce on Principal Rivers of the United States 408 

474. Merchant Marine: Number and Documented tonnage of vessels, 1789 to 1936 409 

475. Shipbuilding: Number and tonnage of vessels built, 1797 to 1936 410 

476. Shipbuilding: Number and tonnage of vessels built, by class and section where built 410 

477. Merchant Vessels Launched: World total and United States... 411 

478. Merchant Marine of the World and the United States 411 

479. Commercial Traffic Through the Panama Canal: By nationality of vessel 412 

480. Commercial Traffic Through the Panama Canal: Summary, by direction 412 

481. Panama Canal: Revenues, expenses, and computed surplus 413 

4S2. Marine Wrecks and Casualties Occurring to Vessels of the United States 413 

483. Vessels Controlled by the United States Government .-- 414 

484. Tonnage of Water-borne Commerce, Including Foreign and Intercoastal Traffic and Commerce 

of Noncontiguous Territories 414 

485. Tonnage of Water-borne Imports and Exports: By coastal districts and flag of carrier vessel- ._ 415 

486. Tonnage of Water-borne Imports and Exports: By individual countries 416 

487. Tonnage of Water-borne Imports and Exports: By States and ports 418 

488. Tonnage of Water-borne Imports and Exports: By major commodities and coastal districts 420 

489. Vessels Entered and Cleared: 1840 to 1936 421 

490. Vessels Entered and Cleared: By customs districts and by regions 422 

491. Vessels Entered at all Ports, Seaports, and Northern Border Ports: By classes 423 

492. Vessels Cleared at all Ports, Seaports, and Northern Border Ports: By classes.. 424 

493. Vessels Entered and Cleared at Seaports: By countries of origin and destination 425 



* CONTENTS 

Table Page 

378. Civilian Conservation Corps: Enrolled strength and amount expended or obligated 335 

379. Activities of Offices of the State Employment Service and the National Employment Service. _ 336 

15. POSTAL SERVICE 

380. Statistical Summary of the Postal Service: 1800 to 1936 337 

381. Revenues, Postal Service: By principal items 338 

382. Postal Money-order Business.. -- 338 

383. Expenditures, Postal Service: By principal items 339 

384. Transportation of Domestic Mails, and Number and Salaries of Railway Mail Employees 339 

385. City and Rural Free Delivery and Star Route Service 340 

386. Postal Service: Volume of transactions in stamped paper and of mail carried, by classes 340 

387. Postal Service: Number of offices, mileage of rural free delivery, and gross receipts, by States. 341 
16. TELEPHONE, TELEGRAPH, CABLE, AND RADIOTELEGRAPH SYSTEMS 

388. Telephone Systems: Equipment, traffic, employees, wages, revenue, and investment 342 

389. Telephone Systems: Miles of wire and number of calls and telephones, by States 343 

390. Telephone Systems: Number of telephones and miles of wire, 1895 to 1936 344 

391. American Telephone & Telegraph Co. and Subsidiaries: Summary of statistics 344 

392. Telephone Systems: Reports to Interstate Commerce Commission and the Federal Commu- 

nications Commission 345 

393. Radiotelegraph Carriers: Reports to the Federal Communications Commission 345 

394. Telegraph and Cable Systems: Reports to Interstate Commerce Commission and the Federal 

Communications Commission 346 

395. Land and Ocean-cable Telegraph Systems Combined : Summary of statistics 346 

396. Land and Ocean-cable Telegraph Systems: Equipment, traffic, employees, and finances 347 

397. Western Union Telegraph Co.: Mileage of lines and wires, number of offices, and finances 347 

17. POWER ELECTRIC AND OTHER 

398. Annual Supply of Energy from Mineral Fuels and Water Power in the United States 348 

399. Electricity Produced and Consumption of Fuel by Public Utility Power Plants 348 

400. Production of Electric Power and Capacity of Generators in Public Utility Power Plants, by 

States 349 

401. Central Electric Stations: Statistics of commercial and municipal stations, by States 350 

402. Central Electric Stations: Summary of statistics for all stations combined 352 

403. Central Electric Stations: Summary of statistics for commercial and municipal stations 352 

404. Central Electric Stations: Financial statistics 353 

405. Central Electric Stations: Customers, current sold, and revenue, by class of service 353 

406. Electric Light and Power Industry: Reports to the Edison Electric Institute 354 

407. Average Typical Bills for Specified Quantities of Electricity in 150 Cities 354 

408. Total Net Monthly Price of Specified Amounts of Electricity: By cities __ 354 

409. Developed and Potential Water Power of the United States 356 

18. PUBLIC ROADS AND MOTOR VEHICLES 

410. Rural Highways: Summary of statistics, 1921 to 1936 357 

411. Rural Highways: Mileage December 31, 1914 to 1930, by States 358 

412. State Highway Systems: Rural roads and municipal streets connecting highways as of Decem- 

ber 31, 1936, and rural mileage surfaced during 1935 and 1936 359 

413. State Highways: Disbursements 1921 to 1936, by States 360 

414. State Highways: Funds available and distribution of expenditures 361 

415. Federal Aid and Emergency Road Construction and Grade Crossing Projects: Status 362 

416. Production and Registration of Motor Vehicles: 1900 to 1936 3C3 

417. Factory Sales of Passenger Cars, by Wholesale Price Classes, and Percentage of closed cars 363 

418. Production of Motor Vehicles: By months 364 

419. State Motor-fuel Taxes: Gross receipts and tax. 364 

420. Motor Vehicle Registration: By States. 365 

421. Registrations of and Revenues from Motor Vehicles: By States.. 366 

422. Automobile Fatalities: Number and death rate in entire registration area, 1911 to 1935 367 

423. Automobile Fatalities: Number and death rate in registration States and cities 368 

19. TRANSPORTATION, AIR AND LAND-STEAM AND ELECTRIC RAILWAYS, 

EXPRESS COMPANIES, MOTOR BUSSES, AND CIVIL AERONAUTICS 

424. Railway Mileage Owned and Mileage Operated: By classes of track, 1890 to 1936.. 370 

425. Railway Mileage Owned: By States 371 

426. Railway Mileage Owned and Operated: Total, 1842 to 1936 372 

427. Mileage Operated and Equipment: By districts 372 

428. Mileage of Road and Tracks Operated: By districts 373 

429. Railway/Eqiiipment Installed and Retired from Service 373 

430. Railway Equipment in Service, All Reporting Companies 374 

431. Classification of Railway Cars in Service .... 374 



CONTENTS XI 



Table 

432. Railway Employees: Number and compensation.. ........... 

433. Railway Employees: Number and compensation, by districts and classes ----------- ..... ------ 375 

434. Receiverships of Railways ------ ..... - ................. - ..... ----------------------- - ---------- 376 

435. Capitalization of Railroads ..... 

436. Railway Stock Outstanding, Dividends, and Interest. ..... ------------------------------------ 377 

437. Railway Securities Outstanding: By districts and classes of securities -------------------------- 378 

438. Property Investment, Income, Interest, and Dividends: Operating railroads ----------- ....... 378 

439. Freight Traffic: Train and car movement --------- ..... .. ...... ------ .......................... 379 

440. Freight Traffic: Tonnage and revenue _______ ..... ......... ---------------------------------- 380 

441. Revenue and Traffic Statistics: By years and months ------ --------------------- ..... ----- 381 

442. Passenger Traffic: Passengers carried and passenger revenue ___________________________________ 382 

443. Revenue, Expenses, and Income of Operating Companies with Averages Per Mile of Line ----- 383 

444. Income Account: Totals, and by districts __________________________________________ ..... ------ 384 

445. Taxes and Special Assessments on Railways: By States --------------------------------------- 385 

446. Revenue Freight Carried: By commodity groups -------------- ..... --------------------------- 386 

447. Revenue Freight Carried: By principal commodities ----- ...... ----------- ..... . ....... ------ 387 

448. Car Loadings: All commodities and commodity groups, by months ---------------------------- 390 

449. Steam Railway Accidents, by Causes ______________ ...... -------------------------------------- 391 

450. Persons Killed and Injured in Railway Accidents --------------------------------------------- 392 

451. Consumption of Fuel, and Replacements of Rails and Ties ----------------------------- ....... 392 

452. Express Companies: Income account ------------- ....... --------------- --------------------- 393 

453. The Pullman Co. : Abstract of operations ______________________________________________________ 393 

454. The Alaska Railroad: Passenger and freight service ___________________________________________ 394 

455. Electric Railways: Summary of operations ____________________________________________________ 394 

456. Electric Railways: Mileage, equipment, output of electricity, traffic, employees, and wages... . 395 

457. Electric Railways: Mileage, traffic, and revenue, by States ...... ---- ...... -------------------- 396 

458. Electric Railways: Income account of operating companies ------------------------------------ 398 

459. Electric Railways: Receiverships -------------------------------------- .......... ------------- 398 

460. Electric Railways: Comparative statistics of elevated and subway lines ----------------------- 399 

461. Electric Railways: Mileage of elevated and subway and tunnel track, by States --------------- 399 

462. Electric Railways: Finances of elevated and subway lines ------------------ ........... .. ...... 399 

463. Motor-Bus Operations: Summary of statistics for lines operated by electric railways, subsid- 

iary and successor companies _________________ ............. ---- ....... --------- .............. 400 

464. Motor-Bus Industry: Statistics of public and private carriers __________________________________ 401 

465. Common Carrier Motor-Bus Transportation, Motor Trucking for Hire, and Public Warehous- 

ing: Summary for the United States _________________________________________________________ 402 

466. Civil Aeronautics: Summary of statistics ______ . ....... ----------------------- ........... ------ 403 

20. WATERWAYS, WATER TRAFFIC, AND SHIPPING 

467. Cargo Tonnage of Water-borne Commerce of the United States: Aggregates ................... 404 

468. Commerce of Principal United States Ocean Ports _____ ...... _____________ ......... _ ......... .. 405 

469. Great Lakes: Commerce of the principal ports ____ ........... --------------- ............... ---- 405 

470. New York State Canals: Tonnage of freight moved __________ .......... ------------------- ..... 406 

471. St. Mary's Falls Canal: General traffic statistics _______ .......... -------- ........ -------------- 407 

472. Ohio River Traffic: Tonnage, ton-mileage, and value of freight ----------------- 407 

473. Commerce on Principal Rivers of the United States ....... ___________________________________ 408 

474. Merchant Marine: Number and Documented tonnage of vessels, 1789 to 1936 __________________ 409 

475. Shipbuilding: Number and tonnage of vessels built, 1797 to 1936 _______________________________ 410 

476. Shipbuilding: Number and tonnage of vessels built, by class and section where built ---------- 410 

477. Merchant Vessels Launched: World total and United States --------------------- ..... 411 

478. Merchant Marine of the World and the United States ________ ....... ---- ........ -------------- 411 

479. Commercial Traffic Through the Panama Canal: By nationality of vessel _____________________ 412 

480. Commercial Traffic Through the Panama Canal: Summary, by direction _______ ..... --------- 412 

481. Panama Canal: Revenues, expenses, and computed surplus ----------------------------------- 413 

482. Marine Wrecks and Casualties Occurring to Vessels of the United States ----------------- ..- 413 

483. Vessels Controlled by the United States Government ........ -------------- --- 414 

484. Tonnage of Water-borne Commerce, Including Foreign and Intercoastal Traffic and Commerce 

of Noncontiguous Territories ________________________________________________________________ 414 

485. Tonnage of Water-borne Imports and Exports: By coastal districts and flag of carrier vessel. ., 415 

486. Tonnage of Water-borne Imports and Exports: By individual countries ---- ..... -------------- 416 

487. Tonnage of Water-borne Imports and Exports: By States and ports... ............... --------- 418 

488. Tonnage of Water-borne Imports and Exports: By major commodities and coastal districts ---- 420 

489. Vessels Entered and Cleared: 1840 to 1936 ______________________ ........ _______________________ 421 

490. Vessels Entered and Cleared: By customs districts and by regions ___________ ..... . ..... ------ 422 

491. Vessels Entered at all Ports, Seaports, and Northern Border Ports: By classes ................ . 423 

492. Vessels Cleared at all Ports, Seaports, and Northern Border Ports: By classes. . ............... 424 

493. Vessels Entered and Cleared at Seaports: By countries of origin and destination ............... 425 



XII CONTENTS 

Table Page 

494. Vessels Entered and Cleared at Seaports: By nationality of vessel _. 426 

495. Exports and Imports of Merchandise: By method of carriage, 1830 to 1935 427 

21. FOREIGN COMMERCE 

496. Summary of Foreign Trade: 1921 to 1936 428 

497. Production of Exportable Goods and Proportion Exported 429 

498. Exports of Manufactured Goods in Relation to Total Production 429 

499. Merchandise Trade of Continental United States with Foreign Countries and with Outlying 

Territories and Possessions 430 

500. Gold under Earmark for Foreign Account in the United States .. 430 

501. United States Balance of International Payments 431 

502. Exports and Imports of Gold: By months 431 

503. Exports and Imports of Silver: Bymonths 432 

504. Exports and Imports of Merchandise: Bymonths ... 432 

505. Exports and Imports of Merchandise with Trade Balances: 1791 to 1936 433 

506. Exports and Imports of Gold, Silver, and Merchandise, with Balances: 1821 to 1936 434 

507. Supplement to Tables 505 and 506: Calendar years 1900 to 1915 and fiscal years 1922 to 1937 435 

508. Merchandise Exports and Imports with Trade Balances: Individual years, 1790 to 1891 436 

509. Per Capita Exports and Imports: 1791 to 1936 436 

510. Imports Entered for Consumption and Duties Thereon: 1821 to 1936 437 

611. Selected Articles of United States Merchandise Exported: 1821 to 1936 438 

512. Imports of Selected Commodities: 1821 to 1936 440 

513. Indexes of Changes in Quantity, Unit Value (Price), and Total Value of Exports of United States 

Merchandise, and of Imports: By economic classes 442 

514. Percentage Distribution of Exports and Imports: By economic classes, 1821 to 1936 _ 443 

515. Exports and Imports of Merchandise: By economic classes, 1821 to 1936 _ 444 

516. Imports, Free and Dutiable, and Percent Free: By economic classes, 1821 to 1936 446 

517. Foreign Trade with Each Continent: By economic classes 448 

518. Percent Each Continent Furnishes of Total Trade in Each Economic Class 449 

519. Percent Each Economic Class Forms of Total Trade with Each Continent 449 

520. Exports and Imports Distributed by Continents: 1821 to 1936 450 

521. Percentage Distribution of Exports and Imports: By continents, 1821 to 1936 452 

522. Free and Dutiable Imports: By principal countries 453 

523. Exports and Imports of Merchandise: By continents, commercial regions, and countries ._ 454 

524. Exports and Imports of Merchandise and Duties Collected: By customs districts 460 

525. Exports and Imports of Merchandise: By groups of customs districts, 1860 to 1936 461 

526. Exports and Imports of Merchandise: By principal customs districts, 1860 to 1936 462 

527. Imported Dutiable Merchandise Entered for Consumption: Total values, duties collected, and 

average rate of duty, by tariff schedules 464 

528. Exports of United States Merchandise: By commodity groups and articles 467 

529. Imports of Merchandise: By commodity groups and articles 517 

530. In-transit and Transshipment Trade: By continents and principal countries. 555 

531. Customs District Through Which in Transit and Transshipment Trade is Shipped 555 

22. COMMERCE OF NONCONTIGUOUS TERRITORY 

532. Imports and Exports of Merchandise into and from Alaska: Total values 556 

533. Imports and Exports of Merchandise into and from Puerto Rico: Total values 557 

534. Imports and Exports of Merchandise into and from Hawaii: Total values 557 

535. Imports and Exports of Merchandise into and from the Philippine Islands: Total values 558 

536. Imports and Exports of Merchandise into and from American Samoa: Total values 558 

537. Imports and Exports of Merchandise into and from the Virgin Islands: Total values 559 

538. Imports and Exports of Merchandise into and from Guam: Total values 559 

539. Shipments of Principal Products to the United States from Alaska, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, and 

the Philippine Islands: Quantities and values. 560 

540. Shipments of Principal Articles from the United States to Alaska, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, and 

the Philippine Islands 561 

23. IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE 

541. Government Irrigation Projects: Consolidated financial statement 563 

642. Government Irrigation Projects: Construction cost, other reimbursable cost, and amount to be 

repaid by water users to June 30, 1936 564 

643. Government Irrigation Projects: Accounts receivable, construction water-right charges, opera- 

tion and maintenance charges, and rental of irrigation water 565 

544. Government Irrigation: Acreage and value of crops, by projects 566 

545. Boulder Canyon Project: Financial statement as of June 30, 1936 566 

546. Government Irrigation: Acreage and value of all crops, 1921 to 1936, and acreage, production, 

and value of specified crops, 1935 and 1936 567 

647. Irrigation: Summary for the 19 Irrigation States 568 

548. Irrigation: Area and investment in enterprises, by character of enterprise... 568 



. CONTENTS XIII 

Table Page 

549. Irrigation: Area and investment in enterprises and cost of maintenance and operation, by 

States - .- 669 

550. Irrigation: Area and investment in enterprises, by drainage basins 570 

551. Irrigation: Acreage and value of all crops and of irrigated crops, by States 570 

552. Irrigation: Acreage, production, and value of irrigated crops harvested 571 

553. Drainage: Summary for the United States 572 

554. Drainage Enterprises: Land in enterprises and capital by character and date of organization 572 

555. Drainage Enterprises: By States 573 

24. FARMS GENERAL STATISTICS 

556. Population, Farms, and Farm Property: 1850, and 1900 to 1935... 574 

557. Average Values per Farm and per Acre: By States 575 

558. Number and Acreage of Farms: By States 576 

559. Classification of Farm Lands: By States 578 

560. Value of Farm Property: By classes and by States 580 

561. Number of Farms by Size: By States, 1935 .... 582 

562. Number of Farms and Farm Acreage: By size of farms 583 

563. Number and Acreage of Farms: By color and tenure of operator 584 

564. Number of Farms by Tenure of Operator: By States 585 

565. Farm Acreage: All land in farms, by tenure of operator, by States 586 

566. Farm Acreage: Crop land according to use, by tenure of operator, by States 587 

567. Percentage of Farms and Farm Land Operated by Tenants: By States 588 

568. Value of Land and Buildings with Average Value per Farm: By tenure of operator, by States. 589 

569. Number of Farms, Land in Farms, and Value of Land and Buildings: By color of operator for 

the North and West and by color and tenure of operator for the South, by States 590 

570. Number of Mortgaged Farms and Mortgage Debt: By States 593 

671. Mortgaged Farms Operated by Full Owners: Number, acreage, value, and debt, by States 594 

572. Farm Mortgage Indebtedness: Summary for the United States 595 

573. Farm Operators Working for Pay or Income not Connected with Their Farm: By States 595 

574. Farm Housing, Population, and Labor: By States ._ 596 

575. Farm Taxes: By States 597 

576. Farm Expenditures for Labor, Fertilizer, Feed, Machinery, and Power: By States 598 

577. Farm Machinery and Facilities: By States 600 

578. Average Farm Wage Rates and Index Numbers of Farm Wages 602 

579. Fertilizer Sales: By States... 603 

580. Cooperative Marketing and Purchasing through Farmers' Organizations: By States 604 

581. Farmers' Business Associations: Number of. associations, membership, and business 605 

25. FARM PRODUCTION AND RELATED STATISTICS 

582. Estimated Gross Income from Farm Production, 1909 to 1936 606 

583. Estimated Gross Income from Farm Production: By groups of commodities _. 606 

584. Estimated Farm Value of Products and Gross and Cash Income: By products 607 

585. Estimated Gross and Cash Income from Farm Production: By States... 608 

586. Estimated Cash Income, Production Expenses, and Cash Available after Deducting Produc- 

tion Expenses 609 

587. Estimated Gross Income, Deductions from Gross Income, and Income Available for Operators' 

Capital, Labor, and Management 609 

588. Indexes of the Volume of Net Agricultural Production 610 

589. Index Numbers of Farm and Wholesale Prices of Agricultural Products: By groups 610 

590. Index Numbers of Prices Received and Paid by Farmers and of Wholesale Prices 611 

591. Agricultural Exports: Value by principal products or groups, 1910 to 1936 611 

592. Agricultural Exports: Value by major groups, 1910 to 1936 612 

593. Value of Agricultural Imports: By major groups 612 

594. Agricultural Export Indexes: Quantity and value 612 

595. Agricultural Export Indexes: By groups of products 613 

596. Foreign Trade in Agricultural and Forest Products: 1857 to 1937 613 

26. FARM ANIMALS AND ANIMAL PRODUCTS 

597. Domestic Animals: Number and value of animals on farms, 1880 to 1937... 614 

598. Domestic Animals and Chickens on Farms: Number and value, by classes 614 

599. Domestic Animals on Farms: By age and sex 615 

600. Domestic Animals: Number on farms, by States 616 

601. Chickens on Farms, Eggs Produced, and .Chickens Raised: By States 618 

602. Domestic Animals: Receipts and shipments, principal stockyards and all stockyards 619 

603. Domestic Animals: Receipts and stocker and feeder shipments at all public stockyards 620 

604. Domestic Animals: Receipts at all public stockyards by months 620 

605. Domestic Animals: Average farm price and average Chicago market price 620 



XIV CONTENTS 

Table Page 

606. Domestic Animals: Monthly average prices of typical grades at Chicago. 621 

607. Domestic Animals: Monthly farm prices 621 

608. Wholesale Prices of Meats and Animal Products (actual and index numbers)-. 622 

609. Meat Animals: Slaughter under Federal inspection and estimated total slaughter. . . 622 

610. Meat and Lard : Production, exports, imports, and consumption 623 

611. Livestock Products of Farms: Summary of census statistics 624 

612. Dairy Products: Factory production by detailed classes. 624 

613. Butter and Cheese: Production, receipts at leading markets, and cold-storage holdings 625 

614. Butter, Butterfat, and Cheese Prices: By years and months 625 

615. Milk: Estimated quantities utilized annually in manufactured dairy products 626 

616. Oleomargarine: Production and materials used 626 

617. Poultry: Farm prices and receipts at principal markets, by years and months 627 

618. Eggs: Farm prices, prices and receipts at principal markets, and cold-storage holdings 627 

619. Cold-storage Holdings of Animal Products and Frozen Fish: By months i 628 

620. Milk and Butter: Production of milk on farms and of butter on farms and in factories, by States. 629 

621. Wool: Production, imports, and exports, 1839 to 1936 630 

622. Wool: Prices, import values, and receipts at Boston.. '. 630 

623. Wool: Estimated production and weight per fleece, by States 631 

624. Wool Consumed in Manufactures: By classes 631 

625. Animal Food Manufacturing Industries: Materials used and products 632 

27. FARM CROPS AND FOODSTUFFS 

626. Index Numbers of Mass of Crop Production: 1866 to 1936 633 

627. Index Numbers of All Crop Yields: By geographic divisions, 1916 to 1936 633 

628. Acreage, Production, and Value of Individual Crops: Census returns, 1899 to 1934 634 

629. Production of Selected Agricultural Commodities: 1800 to 1936 636 

630. Acreage, Production, and Value of Principal Crops: 1866 to 1936 637 

631. Tobacco: Acreage, production, and farm value, by States 642 

632. Spring and Winter Wheat: Acreage and production 643 

633. Sweetpotatoes: Acreage, production, and farm value, by States 643 

634. Potatoes: Acreage, production, and farm value, by States 644 

635. Corn: Acreage, production, and farm value, by States -. 646 

636. Wheat: Acreage, production, and farm value, by States 648 

637. Oats: Acreage, production, and farm value, by States 650 

638. Barley and Rice: Acreage, production, and farm value, by States 651 

639. Rye and Grain Sorghums: Acreage, production, and farm value, by States. 652 

640. Cotton and Cottonseed: Acreage, production, and farm value, by States 653 

641. Tame Hay: Acreage, production, and farm value, by States 656 

642. Wild Hay: Acreage, production, and farm value, by States.. 657 

643. Truck Crops: Commercial acreage, production, and value 658 

644. Orchard Fruits: Production and value 659 

645. Apples, Peaches, Pears, and Grapes: Production in leading States 659 

646. Apples, Peaches, and Pears: United States production, 1891 to 1936 660 

647. Apples, Peaches, Pears, and Grapes: Farm prices 660 

648. Sugar Beets: Acreage, production, prices received by farmers, and farm value 661 

649. Sugar Cane and Sirup in Southern States: Production, totals, and by States 661 

650. Sugarcane, Cane Sugar, and Molasses in Louisiana and Florida 662 

651. Hawaiian Sugarcane and Cane Sugar 662 

652. Sugarcane and Sugar Production in Puerto Rico ._ 663 

653. Maple Sugar and Sirup: Production, totals, and by States 663 

654. Sugar: Production of the United States and certain outlying areas, and of the world 664 

655. Sugar: Production of United States, trade, and apparent consumption 664 

656. Sugar: Percentages relating to consumption in continental United States 665 

657. Sugar: Wholesale prices of raw and refined, New York 666 

658. Crude Rubber: World production and United States imports and prices 666 

659. Cotton: Production, consumption, exports, imports, and prices 667 

660. Cottonseed and Cottonseed Products: Production, value, and exports 668 

661. Cotton Exports to Principal Countries: 1866 to 1937 669 

662. Coffee: Imports, reexports, net imports per capita, and average import price per pound 669 

663. Tea: Net Imports and per capita imports 670 

664. Cocoa and Chocolate: Imports. 670 

665. Silk and Silk Manufactures: Foreign trade 670 

666. Exports and Imports of Corn, Rice, Flaxseed, and Tobacco 671 

667. Wheat: Supply and distribution and disappearance for food, etc ._ 671 

668. Exports and Imports of Wheat 672 

669. Commercial Stocks of Domestic Grain (wheat, corn, oats): By months 672 

670. Grain Receipts (wheat, oorn, oats) at Primary Markets: By crop years 673 



CONTENTS XV 

Table Page 

671. Grain Receipts at Six Atlantic Seaboard Ports 673 

672. Grain Prices: Weighted average market price per bushel of reported cash sales 674 

673. Monthly Average Farm Prices for Specified Crops 674 

674. Wheat Freight Rates: Buffalo and Chicago to New York 675 

675. Grain Mill Products: Materials used and production 675 

676. Selected Food Manufacturing Industries: Materials used and products 676 

28. FORESTS AND FOREST PRODUCTS 

677. Forests: Original and present area, and stand of saw timber and annual growth 678 

678. Stand of Saw Timber (estimated): By species and regions. 679 

679. National Forests: .\rea and amount of standing timber of forests, in each State 679 

680. National Forests: Land in course of acquisition and land acquired under the Weeks Law as 

amended by the Clarke-McNary Law. 680 

681. National Forests: Summary of operations 680 

682. Forest Fires: Number, area, and damage, protected and unprotected areas 681 

683. Forest Fires: Number, area, and damage by causes, protected areas 681 

684. Forest Fires: Areas burned and damage, protected areas only 682 

685. Estimated Quantity of Timber Removed Annually from Forests 682 

686. Lumber: Production, totals, and by species, and average value 683 

687. Lumber Production: By regions and States 684 

688. Lumber: Average mill value, by species 685 

689. Veneers: Wood consumed in manufacture, by States, and by kinds of wood 685 

690. Lath and Shingles: Production, totals, and by States 686 

691. Cooperage Stock: Production, by States, and kind of wood 686 

692. Pulpwood: Consumption by mills, and mill cost 687 

693. Wood Pulp Production: Totals, and by States and processes 687 

694. Paper and Paper Boards: Census statistics of production 688 

695. Turpentine and Rosin Production:' Totals, and by States 688 

29. FISHERIES 

696. Quantity and Value of the Products of the Fisheries of Specified Sections 689 

697. Summary of the Fisheries of the United States and Alaska -- 691 

698. Fishery Products Landed at Seattle, Wash., by American Vessels 691 

699. Fishery Products Landed at Boston and Gloucester, Mass., and Portland, Me 692 

700. Canned Fishery Products of the United States and Alaska 692 

701. Canned Salmon Output, United States and Alaska --- 693 

702. Alaska Fisheries: Quantity and value of products 693 

703. Canned Salmon: Output and prices of Alaska product, by species 694 

704. Fish Propagation: Output of fish eggs, fry and fingerlings, by Buieau of Fisheries 694 

30. MINING AND MINERAL PRODUCTS 

705. Total Value of Mineral Products of the United States: 1881 to 1936 695 

706. Average Prices of Principal Nonferrous Metals 695 

707. Mines and Quarries, Producing and Nonproducing: Census statistics 696 

708. Producing Mines and Quarries: Census statistics. 696 

709. Producing Mines and Quarries: Census statistics, by States 697 

710. Producing Mines and Quarries: Census statistics, by industries 698 

711. Summary of Specified Mineral Industries in 1935 699 

712. Producing Mines and Quarries: Size of enterprises according to number of wage earners 700 

713. Mines and Quarries: Hours of labor... 700 

714. Principal Mineral Products: Quantities and values . 701 

715. Mineral Production by States. : 704 

716. Iron Ore: Production, shipments, exports, and imports 705 

717. Analysis of Pig Iron and Ferro-alloy Production: By States, disposition, kinds, etc 705 

718. Production, Exports, and Imports of Pig Iron, and Production of Steel Ingots and Castings. . . 706 

719. Rolled and Miscellaneous Steel Products: Production 706 

720. Iron and Steel: Production, exports, and imports of finished rolled products 707 

721. Iron and Steel: Census statistics of products... 708 

722. Steel Ingots and Castings: Production, by grades - 710 

723. Blast Furnaces, Steelworks, and Rolling Mills: Census statistics 710 

724. Aggregate Exports of Heavy Iron and Steel 710 

725. Iron and Steel: Exports, by specified classes 711 

726. Iron and Steel: Exports, by destination 711 

727. Iron and Steel: Average annual prices 712 

728. Aluminum and Bauxite: Production, exports, and imports 712 

729. Copper: Production, exports, imports, and consumption 713 

730. Copper: State of origin of ore smelted -- 713 

731. Copper: Smelter and refinery output 714 

732. Copper: Exports and imports 714 



XVI CONTENTS 

Table Page 

733. Mine Production of Recoverable Lead 715 

734. Lead: Production and value 715 

735. Lead: Supply and distribution of refined primary lead 716 

736. Manufactures of Nonferrous Metals and Alloys 716 

737. Zinc: Production, exports, stocks, and consumption 717 

738. Smelter Production of Primary Zinc from Domestic Ore 717 

739. Gold and Silver: Production, totals, 1792 to 1936, and by States, 1910 to 1936 718 

740. Gold and Silver for Use in Manufactures and the Arts 719 

741. Silver: Price, ratio to gold, and value of silver in the dollar, 1835 to 1936 719 

742. Coke: Production, exports, and imports 720 

743. Coke: Production, by States 720 

744. Coal: Anthracite and bituminous, total production, 1821 to 1936, and by States, 1911 to 1936.... 721 

745. Coal: Exports and imports and bunker coal laden on vessels, 1891 to 1936 722 

746. Coal: Shipments, coke made, value per ton, men employed, days worked, etc...' 722 

747. Bituminous Coal: Consumption in the United States, by consuming classes 723 

748. Labor Strikes in Coal Mines 723 

749. Coal: Retail price for household use in selected cities 724 

750. Coal: Average and relative retail prices 725 

751. Natural Gas and Natural Gas Gasoline: Production, totals and by States 725 

752. Manufactured Gas Industry: Materials used and products 726 

753. Manufactured Gas and Natural Gas Industries: Summary of statistics, 1929 to 1936 726 

754. Total Net Monthly Bill and Price Per Therm for Specified Amounts of Gas: By cities 727 

755. Petroleum: Production of crude 728 

756. Petroleum: Production, exports, and imports, and bunker oil 728 

757. Petroleum: United States production, by regions and States, and world production 729 

758. Petroleum: Stocks of crude and refined oils. 729 

759. Petroleum: Supply and demand of crude and refined oils 730 

760. Petroleum Refining: Materials used and products 730 

761. Petroleum Products: Oils run to stills, output, stocks, exports, and consumption 731 

762. Petroleum Products: Crude oil run to stills, and output of refineries, by regions 731 

763. Petroleum Pipe Lines: Mileage and financial statistics 732 

764. Petroleum: Prices of crude and refined products 732 

765. Asphalt: Supply, distribution, and sales 732 

766. Portland Cement: Production by States, shipments, stocks, and imports 733 

767. Portland Cement: Shipments to each State 733 

768. Cement Production: Quantity, by kinds, and total value 734 

769. Stone: Production, by varieties and uses 734 

770. Clay Products: Production, by industries 735 

771. Glass and Glassware: Production 735 

772. Production of Principal Burned-Clay Building Materials 736 

773. Salt: Total production, and by States and kinds, and exports and imports 736 

774. Accidents in all Mineral Industries, 1921 to 1935 737 

775. Accidents in Mines, Quarries, Metallurgical Works, and Coke Ovens 737 

31. MANUFACTURES 

776. Manufactures: Summary 1849 to 1935 738 

777. Manufactures: Establishments Classified According to Average Number of Wage Earners 739 

778. Manufactures: Size of establishment as measured by value of products 739 

779. Manufactures: Prime movers, motors, and generators, number and rated capacity 740 

780. Manufactures: Summary by 16 general industrial groups ._ 741 

781. Manufactures: Summary for individual industries.. 743 

782. Manufactures: Summary for all industries combined, by States 765 

783. Manufactures: Summary for all industries combined, by industrial areas 770 

784. Indexes of Industrial Production 771 

785. Manufacturing Prodaction: Indexes for groups of industries 771 

786. Textile Manufactures: Census statistics of production 772 

787. Boots and Shoes: Production... 774 

788. Leather: Production, by principal tyi>es of raw stock.. 775 

789. Leather: Production by principal kinds.. -. _ 775 

790. Chemicals: Quantity and value of production 776 

791. Miscellaneous Products Involving Chemical Processes: Census statistics - 778 

792. Tanning Materials, Natural Dyestuffs, Mordants and Assistants, and fiizes: Production 780 

793. Rubber Products: Census statistics 780 

794. Printingand Publishing: Census statistics of products _ 781 

795. Engines, Water Turbines, Tractors, and Locomotives: Census statistics of production 781 

796. Machinery: Value of the principal classes of machines manufactured.: 782 

797. Electrical Machinery, A-pparatus, and Supplies: Census statistics of production 783 

798. Agricultural Implements: Production 784 



, CONTENTS XVII 

Table Page 

799. Machine Tools: Census statistics of production 785 

800. Machine Tool Accessories and Machinists' Precision Tools and Instruments: Value, by kinds. 785 

801. Refrigerating and Ice-making Apparatus: Production 786 

802. Radio Apparatus and Phonographs: Census statistics of production - 787 

803. Vehicles and Aircraft: Census statistics of prodcution 788 

804. Cotton Spindles and Cotton Consumption, 1840 to 1937, and Stocks, 1906 to 1937 789 

805. Cotton Spindle Activity and Cotton Consumption: By sections and States 790 

806. Explosives: Amounts manufactured and sold and purposes for which used 790 

807. Manufactured Tobacco: Production, total 1901 to 1936, and by States, ]935 791 

808. Consumption of Tobacco in the United States 791 

809. Leaf Tobacco: Amounts consumed in manufacture. _ 792 

810. Distilled Spirits, "Wines, Rectified Spirits and Wines, and Fermented Liquors 792 

811. Denatured Alcohol: Production and ethyl alcohol withdrawn for denaturation 793 

812. Motion Picture Production: Summary of Census statistics 793 

SJ3. Patents and Certificates of Registration Issued ..'. 794 

32. DISTRIBUTION AND SERVICE AND AMUSEMENT INDUSTRIES 

814. Distribution of Manufacturers' Sales: Primary channels of distribution used, 1929 and 1935. ... 795 

815. Manufacturers' Sales by Primary Channels of Distribution and Distribution Expenses: By 

industry groups 796 

816. Wholesale Trade: Total sales, 1929 to 1936, and by type of operation, 1933 and 1935 797 

817. Wholesale Trade: By type of operation and kinds of business 797 

818. Wholesale Trade: Summary by States 1 802 

819. Wholesale Trade: Summary for 25 selected cities 804 

820. Retail Trade: Net sales by kind of business groups, 1929 to 1936 804 

821. RetailTrade: Number of stores and net sales, by kinds of business, 1929, 1933, and 1935 805 

822. Retail Trade by Kinds of Business, 1935 806 

823. Retail Chains, Including Chain-Store Warehouses and Central Offices: Summary 807 

824. Retail Trade: Number of establishments and sales, by type of opeiation, 1929, 1931, and 1935-. 807 

825. Retail Trade by Type of Operation: 26 kinds of business 808 

826. RetailTrade: Summary by States . 810 

827. Retail Trade: Stores, sales, and employment for each city of 50,000 or more inhabitants 812 

828. Indexes of Values of Sales by Department Stores: By Federal Reserve districts and by months. - 813 

829. Indexes of the Value of Sales of Chain Stores 814 

830. Indexes of Dollar Values of Automobile Retail Sales, Variety Store Sales, Grocery Chain-Store 

Sales, and Retail Sales of General Merchandise in Small Towns and Rural Areas 814 

831. Indexes of Retail Sales of General Merchandise in Small Towns and Rural Areas: By regions.. 815 

832. Service Establishments: Summary for the United States, by kinds of business 815 

833. Service Establishments: Summary by States 817 

834. Power Laundries, Cleaning and Dyeing Establishments, and Rug-Cleaning Establishments 818 

835. Hotels: Comparative statistics for 1929, 1933, and 1935 and summary, by size, 1935 818 

836. Hotels: Summary by States 819 

837. Places of Amusement: Summary by States 820 

838. Places of Amusement: Summary for the United States by kinds of business 821 

839. Advertising Agencies: Summary for the United States 821 

840. Radio Broadcasting: Summary for the United States 822 

841. Real Estate Agencies and Brokerage Offices: Summary for the United States 822 

33. CONSTRUCTION AND HOUSING 

842. Construction Contracts Awarded: Number, value of construction, and space covered 823 

843. Construction Contracts Awarded: By districts and States 824 

844. Construction Contracts Awarded: Value, according to ownership, and floor space, by months... 825 

845. Indexes of the Value of Construction Contracts Awarded 825 

846. Building Operationsin Principal Cities: Permits issued and proposed cost 826 

847. Building Permits Issued: Number and proposed cost, by class of building 829 

848. Cost of Building Construction, Families Provided For, and Population for 257 Cities 829 

849. Construction and Professional, Technical and Clerical Projects Financed from Federal Funds. 830 

850. Construction Industry: Summary for all reporting establishments, by kinds of business 831 

851. Construction Industry: Summary for all reporting establishments, by States 832 

852. Construction Industry: 46, 429 establishments, by kind of business groups and by States 833 

853. Construction Industry: Work performed, by type of construction and kind of business groups. 834 

854. Construction Industry: Comparison for 1929 and 1935 834 

855. Financial Survey ot Urban Housing: Selected statistics for 52 individual cities 836 

856. Residential Structures in 64 Cities: Summary for all cities combined 838 

857. Index Numbers of Building Material Prices and Construction Costs 838 

Appendix 839 

l.~0214 38 2 



LETTER OF SUBMITTAL 



DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE, 
BUREAU OF FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC COMMERCE, 

Washington, November 13, 1937. 

SIR: I have the honor to submit herewith for publication the fifty- 
ninth issue of the Statistical Abstract of the United States. This 
annual volume is a summary of authoritative statistics showing the 
trends in trade and industry as well as social progress and is a con- 
venient reference work for business men, economists, statisticians, 
and students. 

The present volume has been prepared in the Division of Economic 
Research under the editorship of Martha Hunter and the admin- 
istrative direction of Roy G. Blakey, former chief of the division, and 
M. Joseph Meehan, assistant chief of the division. The volume rep- 
resents a digest of data collected by all statistical agencies of the 
National Government, as well as those of a considerable number 
of private agencies and several States. Many of these offices and 
agencies have been of great assistance in furnishing advance data 
and also in the actual preparation of the tables used in the Abstract. 
Special mention in this connection is due the following offices of the 
Federal Government: The Bureau of the Census and the Bureau 
of Fisheries of the Department of Commerce; the Bureau of Agri- 
cultural Economics and the Weather Bureau of the Department of 
Agriculture; the Immigration and Naturalization Service and the 
Bureau of Labor Statistics of the Department of Labor; the Office 
of Education, the General Land Office, and the Bureau of Mines 
of the Department of the Interior; the Statistical Section of the 
Income Tax Unit of the Treasury Department; the Veterans' Admin- 
istration ; the Interstate Commerce Commission ; the Board of Govern- 
ors of the Federal Reserve System; the Farm Credit Administration; 
and the Social Security Board. 

Current data for many of the statistical series carried in the 
Statistical Abstract are published monthly in the Survey of Current 
Business, another publication of this Bureau. 
Respectfully, 

ALEXANDER V. DYE, 

Director. 

To HON. DANIEL C. ROPER, 

Secretary oj Commerce. 

XVIII 




557472 

STATISTICAL ABSTRACT OF THE UNITED STATES 

1. AREA AND POPULATION 

No. 1. TERRITORIAL EXPANSION OF THE UNITED STATES 

NOTE. Gross areas, including land and water, but not water surface of oceans, Gulf of Mexico, and 
Great Lakes. Recent revisions in these figures are due to more accurate maps. For dates of organiza- 
tion of the individual States and Territories see Table 2, p. 1, Statistical Abstract 1931 and previous 
issues. 



Accession 


Date 


Gross 
area, 
square 
miles 


Accession 


Date 


Gross 
area, 
square 
miles 


Aggregate (1980) 




3, 788,395 


Outlying territories and posses- 












sions -. _. 




711,606 


Continental United States 




3 026 789 


Alaska Territory 


1867 


586,400 


Territory in 1790 l 




892, 135 


Hawaii Territory 


1898 


6,407 




1803 


827, 987 


Philippine Islands 


1899 


114.400 


Florida 


1819 


58,666 


Puerto Rico 


1899 


3,435 


3y treaty with Spain 


1819 


13,435 


Guam . _ 


1899 


206 


Texas 


1845 


389,166 


American Samoa 


1900 


76 




1846 


286,541 


Panama Canal Zone.- . . 


1904 


549 


Mexican Cession 


1848 


529, 189 


Virgin Islands of the U. 8 


1917 


133 


Gadsden Purchase 


1853 


29,670 





















Includes drainage basin of Red River of the North, not a part of any accession, but in the past some- 
times considered a part of the Louisiana Purchase. . 

Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 

No. 2. AREA: GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND STATES, 1930 



Division and State 


Area (square miles) 


Division and State 


Area (square miles) 


Land 


Water 


Total 


Land 


Water 


Total 


Continental 
United States- 
New England 


2,973,776 


1 58, 013 


3, 026, 789 


South Atlantic Con. 
Dist. of Columbia. 


62 
40,262 
24,022 
48,740 
30,495 
58,725 
54,861 

179,509 
40,181 
41,687 
51,279 
46,362 

429, 746 
52, 525 
45,409 
69, 414 
262, 398 

859,009 
146, 131 
83,354 
97,548 
103,658 
122,503 
113,810 
82,184 
109, 821 

318,095 
66,836 
95,607 
155, 652 


8 
2,365 
148 
3,686 
494 
540 
3,805 

1,974 

417 
335 
719 
503 

8,048 
810 
3,097 
643 
3,498 

6,008 
866 
534 
366 
290 
131 
146 
2,806 
869 

8,028 
2,291 
1,092 
2,645 


70 
42,627 
24,170 
52,426 
30,989 
59,265 
58,666 
181,488 
40,598 
42,022 
51,998 
46,86f 

437, 794 
53,33 
48,506 
70, 057 
265,896 

865, 017 
146,997 
83,888 
97, 914 
103, 948 
122, 634 
113,956 
84.990 
110, 690 
324,123 
69, 127 
96,699 
158,297 


81,976 
29,895 
9,031 
9,124 
8,039 
1,067 
4,820 

100,000 
47,654 
7,514 
44,832 

245,564 
40,740 
36,045 
56,043 
57,480 
55,256 

510, 804 
80,858 
55,586 
68,727 
70,183 
76,868 
76,808 
81, 774 

269, 073 
1,965 
9,941 


4,448 
3,145 
310 
440 
227 
181 
145 

2,554 
1 1,650 
710 
294 

2,541 
*300 
309 
622 
500 
810 

7,575 
'3,824 
561 
693 
654 
747 
712 
384 

13, 837 
405 
2,386 


66,424 

33,040 
9,341 
9,564 
8,266 
1,248 
4,965 

102,554 
49,204 
8,224 
45, 126 

248, 105 
41,040 
36,354 
56,665 
57,980 
56,066 

518, 879 
84,682 
56,147 
69,420 
70,837 
77, 615 
77,520 
82,158 

282,910 
2,370 
12, 327 


West Virginia 
North Carolina 
South Carolina 
Georgia 


Maine - 


New Hampshire. .. 
Vermont 


Massachusetts 
Rhode Island 
Connecticut 


Florida 


East South Central.... 


Middle Atlantic 


Tennessee 


New York 


Alabama. .. 


New Jersey 


Mississippi 


Pennsylvania 
East North Central.... 
Ohio 


West South Central... 
Arkansas .. 


Louisiana 


Indiana. . . . . 


Oklahoma.- 


Illinois 


Texas.. 


Michigan 


Mountain... 


West North Central... 
Minnesota 


Montana 

Idaho 


Wyoming . 


Iowa 


Colorado 


Missouri 


New Mexico 


North Dakota 
South Dakota. 
Nebraska 


Arizona 


Utah 


Nevada 


Kansas 


Pariflo 


South Atlantic... 


Washington 


Delaware 


Oregon... 


Maryland 


California 







1 Does not include the water surface of the oceans, the Gulf of Mexico, or the Great Lakes, the Strait 
of Juan de Fuca, and the Gulf of Georgia, lying within the jurisdiction of the United States. 
Exclusive of Great Lakes. 
3 Exclusive of water area of the Strait of Juan de Fuca and the Gulf of Georgia. 

Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 



AREA AND POPULATION 



No. 3. AREA AND POPULATION: CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES, 1790 TO 1930 

NOTE. The enumeration of 1870 was incomplete in the Southern States. The last column shows the esti- 
mated rate of increase corrected for 1870 and 1880 



Census year 


Area (square miles) 


Population 


Gross 


Land 


Water 


Number 


Per 

square 
milei 


Increase over preceding census 


Number 


Per 
cent 


Corrected 
per cent, 
estimated 


1790. __ 


892, 135 
892, 135 
1, 720, 122 
1, 792, 223 
1, 792, 223 
1,792,223 
2,997,119 
3, 026, 789 
3, 026, 789 
3, 026, 789 
3, 026, 789 
3, 026, 789 
3, 026, 789 
3, 026, 789 
3, 026, 789 


867, 980 
867, 980 
1, 685, 865 
1, 753, 588 
1, 753, 588 
1, 753, 588 
2, 944, 337 
2, 973, 965 
2, 973, 965 
2, 973, 965 
2, 973, 965 
2, 974, 159 
2, 973, 890 
2, 973, 776 
2, 973, 776 


24, 155 
24, 155 
34, 257 
38, 635 
38, 635 
38, 635 
52, 782 
52, 824 
52, 824 
52, 824 
52, 824 
52, 630 
52, 899 
53, 013 
53,013 


3, 929, 214 
5, 308, 483 
7, 239, 881 
9, 638, 453 
12, 866, 020 
17, 069, 453 
23, 191, 876 
31,443,321 
38,558,371 
50, 155, 783 
62, 947, 714 
75, 994, 575 
91,972,266 
105, 710, 620 
122, 775, 046 


4.5 
6.1 
4.3 
5.5 
7.3 
9.7 
7.9 
10.6 
13.0 
16.9 
21.2 
25.6 
30.9 
35.5 
41.3 








1800 


1, 379, 269 
1, 931, 398 
2, 398, 572 
3, 227, 567 
4, 203, 433 
6,122,423 
8,251,445 
7, 115, 050 
11,597,412 
12,791,931 
13,046,861 
15,977,691 
13, 738, 354 
17, 064, 426 


35.1 
36.4 
33.1 
33.5 
32.7 
35.9 
35.6 
22.6 
30.1 
25.5 
20.7 
21.0 
14.9 

216.1 




1810 




1820 




1830 




1840... 




1850 . 




1860 




1870 


26.6 
26.0 


1880 


1890 


1900 




1910 




1920... 




1930 









*Based on land area. 

2 In comparing this percentage of increase with that shown for the decade 1910-1920, allowance should 
be made for the fact that the period between the censuses of 1910 and 1920 was less than a full decade, and 
that between the 1920 and 1930 censuses was more than a full decade. An increase of 16.1 per cent for 123 
months (the time between Jan. 1, 1920, and Apr. 1, 1930) is equivalent to 15.7 per cent for exactly 10 years; 
and the 1920 increase for H6J months (the time between Apr. 15, 1910, and Jan. 1, 1920) is equivalent to 
15.4 per cent for 120 months. Making this adjustment, the rate of increase for the decade ending in 1930 
is only slightly higher than that for the preceding decade. 

Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 

No. 4. POPULATION: CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES AND OUTLFINQ TERRI- 
TORIES AND POSSESSIONS, 1910, 1920, AND 1930 

NOTE. These data represent actual enumerations, not estimates, as in Table 12. For several of the out- 
lying possessions they relateto dates other than 1910, 1920, and 1930, as indicated by footnotes. The census 
of Continental United States was as of date Apr. 15 in 1910, Jan. 1 in 1920, and Apr. 1 in 1930 



Area 


Gross area 
(land and 




Population 






square 
miles i 


1910 


1920 


1930 


United States, with outlying territories and poaaenaions. _ _ 


3, 738, 395 


101, 148, 530 


117,823,185 


137,008,435 


Continental United States 


3 026 789 


91 972 266 


105 710 620 


122 775 046 


Outlying territories and possessions 


711,606 


9, 174, 264 


12 112 545 


14 233 389 


Alaska Territory- - - 


586 400 


64 356 


55 036 


59 "^78 


American Samoa 


76 


2 7 251 


8 056 


10 055 


Guam 


206 


11 806 


13 275 


18 VtQ 


Hawaii Territory - 


6 407 


191 909 


255 912 


368 336 


Panama Canal Zone 


549 


J 52 glO 


22 858 


39 467 


Puerto Rico 


3,435 


1 118*012 


1 299 809 


1 543*913 


Military and naval, etc., services abroad 




55 608 


117 238 


89 453 


Philippine Islands 


114 400 


s 7 635 426 


4 10 314 310 


419 ox? 'Ififi 


Virgin Islands of the United States 


133 


e 27 086 


7 26 051 


22 012 












Total Continental United States and incorpo- 
rated territories (Alaska and Hawaii) 


3 619 596 


92 228 531 


106 021 508 


123 202 660 


Total Statistical Customs Area Continental 
United States, Alaska, Hawaii, Puerto Rico 


3, 623, 031 


93, 346, 543 


107, 321, 377 


124, 746, 573 



i See headnote Table 1. 2 Population in 1912. Population in 1903. Population Dec. 31, 1918. 
Estimated population July 1, 1929 (annual report of the director of education of the Philippine Islands) 
Population in 1911. 1 Population Nov. 1, 1917. 

Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 



POPULATION DENSITY BY STATES 6 

No. 5. DENSITY OF POPULATION PER SQUARE MILE, BY STATES 

NOTE. The population of continental United States has been divided by the total land area, although it 
included at each census some unorganized territory which was not canvassed by the enumerators. For 
each State or Territory the population as returned at a given census has been divided by the land area 
as constituted at the time that census was taken. The areas of Indian reservations, outside of Indian 
Territory, are included in the areas of the several States and Territories, although the population was 
not ascertained and can not be considered in figuring density of population prior to 1890. The census of 
1870 in the Southern States is considered incomplete. Population density in 1930 of Alaska, Hawaii, 
and Puerto Rico, and of Philippine Islands, December 31, 1918, based on gross area, and not land area, 
was as follows: Alaska, 0.1; Hawaii, 57.5; Puerto Rico, 449.5; Philippine Islands, 90.0 



Division and State 


1800 


1850 


1860 


1870 


18SO 


1890 


1900 


1910 


1920 


1930 


Continental United 
States 


6.1 


7.9 


10.8 


13.0 


16.9 


21.2 


25.6 


30.9 


85.5 


41.3 
























New England 


19.9 


44.0 


50.6 


56.3 


64.7 


75.8 


90.2 


105.7 


119.4 


181.8 


Maine 


5. 1 


19. 5 


21.0 


21.0 


21.7 


22. 1 


23.2 


24.8 


25.7 


26 7 


New Hampshire. . 
Vermont 


20.4 
16.9 


35.2 
34.4 


36.1 
34.5 


35.2 
36.2 


38.4 
36.4 


41.7 
36.4 


45.6 
37.7 


47.7 
39.0 


49.1 
38.6 


51.5 
39.4 


M assach usetts 
Rhode Island 
Connecticut 


52.6 
64.8 
52. 1 


123.7 
138.3 
76.9 


153.1 
163.7 
95.5 


181.3 
203.7 
111.5 


221.8 
259. 2 
129.2 


278.5 
323.8 
154.8 


349.0 
401.6 
188.5 


418.8 
508.5 
231.3 


479.2 
566.4 
286.4 


528.6 
644.3 
333.4 


Middle Atlantic 


14.0 


59.0 


74.6 


88.1 


105.0 


127.1 


154.5 


193.2 


222 6 


262 6 


New York 


12.4 


65.0 


81.4 


92.0 


106.7 


126.0 


152.5 


191.2 


217.9 


264.2 


New Jersey 


28. 1 


65. 2 


89.4 


120. 6 


150. 5 


192. 3 


250.7 


337.7 


420.0 


537 8 


Pennsylvania. ... 


13.4 


51.6 


64.8 


7&6 


95.5 


117.3 


140.6 


171.0 


194.5 


214.8 


East North Central... 
Ohio 


.2 
1.1 


18.4 
48.6 


28.2 
57.4 


37.2 
65. 4 


45.7 
78. 5 


54.9 
90. 1 


65.2 

102. 1 


74.3 
117.0 


87.5 
141 4 


103.0 
163 1 


Indiana.- 


0) 


27.5 


37.6 


46.8 


55.1 


61.1 


70.1 


74.9 


81.3 


89.8 


Illinois 




15.2 


30.6 


45.4 


55.0 


68. 3 


86.1 


100.6 


115.7 


136 2 


Michigan 




6.9 


13.0 


20.6 


28.5 


36.4 


42.1 


48.9 


63.8 


84.2 


Wisconsin 




5.5 


14.0 


19.1 


23.8 


30.6 


37.4 


42.2 


47.6 


53 2 


West North Central., 




3.1 


3.0 


7.6 


12.1 


17.5 


20.3 


22.8 


24.6 


26.0 


Minnesota. _ .. 




(i) 


2. 1 


5.4 


9.7 


16.2 


21.7 


25.7 


29.5 


31.7 


Iowa 




3.5 


12. 1 


21. 5 


29. 2 


34.4 


40.2 


40.0 


43.2 


44 5 


Missouri . 




9.9 


17.2 


25.0 


31.6 


39.0 


45.2 


47.9 


49.5 


52.8 


North Dakota 






() 





(') 


2.7 


4.5 


8.2 


9.2 


9 7 


South Dakota 






(J) 


(J) 


(') 


4.5 


5.2 


7.6 


8 3 


9 


Nebraska.- 






u .a 


1.6 


5.9 


13.8 


13.9 


15.5 


16.9 


17.9 


Kansas 






1.3 


4.5 


12.2 


17.5 


18.0 


20.7 


21.6 


23 


South Atlantic _ 


8.6 


17.4 


19.9 


21.8 


28.2 


32.9 


38.8 


45.3 


52.0 


58.7 


Delaware 


32. 7 


46. 6 


57. 1 


63. 6 


74.6 


85.7 


94.0 


103.0 


113.5 


121 3 


Maryland 


34 4 


58. 6 


69 1 


78. 6 


94. 


104. 9 


119. 5 


130.3 


145 8 


164 1 


Dist. of Columbia. 
Virginia 


156.6 
13.7 


891.2 
22. 1 


1, 294. 5 
24.8 


2, 270. 7 
30.4 


3,062.5 
37. 6 


3, 972. 3 
41. 1 


4, 645. 3 
46. 1 


5, 517. 8 
51.2 


7, 292. 9 
57 4 


7. 852. 7 
60 2 


West Virginia 








18.4 


25. 7 


31.8 


39. 9 


50.8 


60 9 


72 


North Carolina. .. 
South Carolina 
Georgia- 


9.8 
11.3 
1.5 


17.8 
21.9 
15.4 


20.4 
23.1 

18.0 


22.0 
23.1 
20.2 


28.7 
32.6 
26.3 


33.2 
37.7 
31.3 


38.9 
44.0 
37.7 


45.3 
49.7 
44.4 


52.5 
55.2 
49.3 


65.0 
57.0 
49.5 


Florida 




1.6 


2.6 


3.4 


4.9 


7.1 


9.6 


13.7 


17.7 


26.8 


East South Central... 
Kentuckv 


2.9 
5.5 


18.7 

24.4 


22.4 

28.8 


215 
32,9 


31.1 
41.0 


35.8 
46.3 


42.0 
53.4 


46.8 
57.0 


49.5 
60.1 


55.1 
65 1 


Tennessee .. 


2.5 


24. 1 


26. 6 


30. 2 


37.0 


42. 4 


48.5 


52.4 


56 1 


62 8 


\labama 




15 


18.8 


19. 4 


24. 6 


29 5 


35.7 


41.7 


45 g 


51 6 


Mississippi 


.3 


13. 1 


17.1 


17.9 


24.4 


27.8 


33.5 


38.8 


38.6 


43 4 


West South Central 




2.8 


4 9 


5.6 


9.3 


11.0 


15.2 


20 4 


23 8 


8 3 


Arkansas 




4.0 


8.3 


9.2 


15.3 


21.5 


25.0 


30.0 


33.4 


35.3 


Louisiana.. 




11. 4 


15.6 


16. 


20.7 


24. 6 


30.4 


36.5 


39 6 


46 3 


Oklahoma 












5 3. 7 


3 11. 4 


23 9 


29 2 


34 5 


Texas 




g 


2. 3 


3 1 


6 1 


8 5 


11 6 


14. 8 


17 8 


22 2 


Mountain 




.2 


.3 


.4 


.8 


1.4 


1.9 


3 1 


3 9 


4.3 


Montana .. 








.1 


.3 


1.0 


1.7 


2.6 


3.8 


3.7 


Idaho 








.2 


.4 


1. 1 


1.9 


3.9 


5 2 


5 3 


Wyoming 








.1 


.2 


.6 


.9 


1 5 


2.0 


2 3 


Colorado 






.3 


.4 


1 9 


4 


5.2 


7 7 


9 1 


10 


New Mexico.. _ 




.3 


.4 


.7 


1.0 


1.3 


1.6 


2.7 


2.9 


3 5 


Arizona 








. 1 


.4 


.8 


1. 1 


1 8 


2 9 


3 8 


Utah 




0) 


.3 


1.1 


1.8 


2.6 


3.4 


4.5 


5.5 


6.2 


Nevada.. 






.1 


.4 


.6 


.4 


.4 


.7 


.7 


.8 


Pacific 




.2 


1.0 


2.1 


3.5 


5.9 


7.6 


13 2 


17 5 


25 8 


Washington 






.1 


.4 


1.1 


5.3 


7.8 


17.1 


20.3 


23.4 


Oregon 




(i) 


.5 


1.0 


1.8 


3.3 


4.3 


7.0 


8 2 


10.0 


California 




.6 


2.4 


3.6 


5.5 


7.8 


9.5 


15.3 


22 


36 5 

























1 Less than one-tenth of 1 per cent. 

1 Dakota Territory : Less than one-tenth of 1 per cent in 1860, 0.1 i n 1870, and 0.9 in 1880. 
Oklahoma and Indian Territory combined. Separate data are as follows: Indian Territory, 5.9 in 
1890 and 12.7 in 1900; Oklahoma, 2.0 in 1890 and 10.3 in 1900. 

Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 



POPULATION BY STATES 



No. 6. POPULATION BY STATES 

NOTE. The census of 1870 in the 



1 

2 

6 
4 
5 
6 
7 
8 

9 
10 

11 

12 

18 
14 
15 
10 
17 
18 

19 
20 

21 
22 
23 

24 
25 

21 ; 

27 

28 
29 
80 
51 

32 
38 
34 
M 
86 

:;7 
38 
30 
40 

41 

42 

48 

44 

45 

48 

47 

48 
4fl 
80 

51 
52 

a 

51 

55 

M 

57 

88 
81 


Division and State 


Population 


1790 


1800 


1810 


1820 


1830 


1840 


1850 


1860 


Continental U.S. _. 
New England 


3, 929, 214 


5, 808, 483 


7, 239, 881 


9,638,453 


3 12, 866, 020 


3 17, 069, 453 


23, 191, 876 


31,443,321 


1,009,408 
96,640 
141,885 
85, 425 
378, 787 
68,825 
237, 946 

958, 632 
340, 120 
184, 139 
434, 373 


1, 233, Oil 
151,719 
183,858 
154, 465 
422,845 
69,122 
251,002 

1, 402, 565 
589, 051 
211, 149 
602, 365 

51,006 
45, 365 
5,641 


1,471,973 
228, 705 
214, 460 
217, 895 
472,040 
76, 931 
261, 942 

2, 014, 702 
959, 049 
245, 562 
810, 091 

272, 342 
230,760 
24,520 
12,282 
4,762 


1, 660, 071 
298, 335 
244, 161 
235, 981 
523, 287 
83, 059 
275, 248 

2, 699, 845 
1, 372, 812 
277, 575 
1, 049, 458 

792, 719 
581, 434 
147, 178 
55, 211 
8,896 


1, 954, 717 
399, 455 
269, 328 
280, 652 
610, 408 
97, 199 
297, 675 

3, 587, 864 
1, 918, 608 
320, 823 
1, 348, 233 

1, 470, 018 
937, 903 
343, 031 
157, 445 
31, 639 


2, 234, 822 
501, 793 
284, 574 
291, 948 
737, 699 
108, 830 
309, 978 

4, 528, 260 

2, 428, 921 
373, 306 
1, 724, 033 

2, 924, 728 
1, 519, 467 
685, 866 
476, 183 
212, 267 
30, 945 

426, 814 


8, 728, 116 
583, 169 
317, 976 
314, 120 
994, 514 
147, 545 
370, 792 

5, 898, 735 
3, 097, 394 
489, 555 
2, 311, 786 

4, 523, 260 
1, 980, 329 
988, 416 
851, 470 
397, 654 
305, 391 

880, 335 
6,077 
192, 214 
682,044 


3, 135, 283 
628, 279 
326, 073 
315, 098 
1, 231, 066 
174, 620 
460, 147 

7,458,985 
3, 880, 735 
672, 035 
2, 906, 215 

6, 926, 884 
2,339,511 
1, 350, 428 
1,711,951 
749, 113 
775, 881 

2, 169, 832 
172, 023 
674, 913 
1, 182, 012 

. ( U 

28,841 
107, 206 

5, 364, 703 
112,216 
687, 049 
75, 080 
1, 596, 318 


Maine 


New Hampshire. 
Vermont 


Massachusetts- - 
Rhode Island. .. 
Connecticut 

Middle Atlantic--. 
New York 


New Jersey 


Pennsylvania- _. 
East North Central 


Ohio 




Indiana 




Illinois 




Michigan 






Wisconsin 






West North Central. 
Minnesota 






19, 783 


66, 586 


140,455 






Iowa 












43, 112 
383, 702 


M issouri 






19, 783 


66,586 


140, 455 


North Dakota.. 






South Dakota -. 
















Nebraska 
















Kansas - 
















South Atlantic 


1, 851, 808 
59,096 
319, 728 


2, 286, 494 
64,273 
341, 548 
14, 093 
880,200 


2,674,891 
72, 674 
380, 546 
24, 023 
974,600 


3, 061, 083 
72, 749 
407,350 
33, 039 
1, 065, 366 


3, 645, 752 
76, 748 
447, 040 
39,834 
1, 211, 405 


3, 925, 299 
78,085 
470, 019 
43, 712 
1, 239, 797 


4, 679, 090 
91, 532 
583, 034 
51, 687 
1, 421, 661 


Delaware 


Maryland 


Dist. of Col._. 


Virginia - 


747, 610 


West Virginia 6 . 
North Carolina . 
South Carolina- . 
Georgia 


393, 751 
249, 073 
82,548 


478, 103 
345, 591 
162, 686 


555,500 
415,115 
252, 433 


638,829 
502, 741 
340, 989 


737, 987 
581, 185 
516, 823 
34, 730 

1, 815, 969 

687, 917 
681,904 
309,527 
136, 621 

246, 127 
30,388 
215, 739 


753, 419 
594, 398 
691, 392 
54,477 

2, 575, 445 
779, 828 
829, 210 
590, 756 
375, 651 

449, 985 
97, 574 
352,411 


869, 039 
668,507 
906, 185 
87, 445 

3, 363, 271 
982, 405 
1, 002, 717 
771, 623 
606, 526 

940, 251 
209, 897 
517, 762 


992, 622 
703, 708 
1, 057, 286 
140, 424 

4, 020, 991 
1, 155, 684 
1, 109, 801 
964, 201 
791, 305 

1, 747, 687 
435, 450 
708, 002 


Florida 


East South Central. 
Kentucky 


109, 368 

73, 677 
35, 691 


335, 407 
220,955 
105, 602 


708, 590 
406, 511 
261,727 


1, 190, 489 
564, 317 
422, 823 
127, 901 
75, 448 

167, 680 
14, 273 
153,407 


Tennessee 


Alabama 


Mississippi 




8,850 


40, 352 

77, 618 
M,062 
76,556 


West South Central. 
Arkansas 








Louisiana 






Oklahoma 






Texas 














212, 592 
72, 927 


604, 215 
174,923 


Mountain.. 














Montana 














Idaho 


















Wyoming 


















Colorado 
















34, 277 
93, 516 


NewMexico ... 














61,547 


Arizona 














Utah.... 














11,380 


40,273 
6,857 

444, 053 
11,594 
52, 465 
379, 994 


Nevada 














Pacific 














105,891 


Washington 














Oregon 














13,294 
92, 597 


California 





























i A minus sign ( ) denotes decrease. 

1 Includes population (325,464) of Indian Territory and Indian reservations, specially enumerated in 
1890, but not included in the general report on population for 1890. 

1 Includes persons (5,31 8 in 1830 and 6,100 in 1840) on public ships in the service of the United States not 
credited to any division or State. 

Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 



POPULATION BY STATES 



AT EACH CENSUS, 1790 TO 1930 
Southern States is considered incomplete 



Population Continued 


Per cent in- 
crease l 


Per cent 
distribution 




1870 


1880 


1890' 


1900 


1910 


1920 


1930 


1900- 
1930 


1920- 
1930 


1920 


1930 




38,558,371 


50,155,783 


62,947,714 


75,994,575 


91,972,268 


105,710,620 


122, 775, 046 


61.6 


16.1 


100.0 


100.0 


1 


3, 487, 924 


4,010,529 


4, 700, 749 


5, 592, 017 


6, 552, 681 


7,400,909 


8, 166, 341 


46.0 


10.3 


7.0 


6.7 


2 


626, 915 


648, 936 


661,086 


694,466 


742, 371 


768, 014 


797, 423 


14.8 


3.8 


.7 


.6 


3 


318, 300 


346, 991 


376, 530 


411,588 


430, 572 


443,083 


465, .293 


13.0 


5.0 


.4 


.4 


4 


330,551 


332, 286 


332, 422 


343, 641 


355, 956 


352, 428 


359, 611 


4.6 


2.0 


.3 


. S 


5 


1, 457, 351 


1, 783, 085 


2, 238, 947 


2, 805, 346 


3, 366, 416 


3, 852, 356 


4, 249, 614 


51.5 


10.3 


3.6 


3.5 


8 


217, 353 


276, 531 


345,506 


428,556 


542, 610 


604,397 


687,497 


60.4 


13.7 


.6 


.6 


7 


537,454 


622,700 


746,258 


908,420 


1,114,756 


1, 380, 631 


1,606,903 


76.9 


16.4 


1.3 


1.3 


8 


8, 810, 806 
4, 382, 759 


10, 496, 878 
5, 082, 871 


12, 706, 220 
6, 003, 174 


15, 454, 678 
7, 268, 894 


19,315,892 
9, 113, 614 


22, 261, 144 
10, 385, 227 


26, 260, 750 
12, 588, 066 


69.9 
73.2 


18.0 

21.2 


21.1 
9.8 


21.4 
10.3 


9 
10 


906,096 


1,131,116 


1, 444, 933 


1, 883, 669 


2, 537, 167 


3, 155, 900 


4, 041, 334 


114.5 


28.1 


3.0 


3.3 


11 


3,521,951 


4, 282, 891 


5, 258, 113 


6, 302, 115 


7, 665, 111 


8, 720, 017 


9, 631, 350 


52.8 


10.5 


8.2 


7.8 


12 


9, 124, 517 


11,206,668 


13, 478, 305 


15, 985, 581 


18, 250, 621 


21,475,543 


25, 297, 185 


58.3 


17.8 


20.3 


20.6 


13 


2, 665, 260 


3, 198, 062 


3,672,3291 4,157,545 


4, 767, 121 


5, 759, 394 


6, 646, 697 


59.9 


15.4 


5.4 


5.4 


14 


1, 680, 637 


1, 978, 301 


2,192,404 2,516,462 


2, 700, 876 


2,930,390 


3, 238, 503 


28.7 


10.5 


2.8 


2.6 


US 


2, 539, 891 


3. 077, 871 


3,826,3521 4,821,550 


5, 638, 591 


6, 485, 280 


7, 630, 654 


58.3 


17.7 


6.1 


6.2 


16 


1,184,059! 1,636,937 
1,054,670 1,315,497 


2, 093, 890 
1, 693, 330 


2, 420, 982 
2, 069, 042 


2, 810, 173 
2, 333, 860 


3, 668, 412 
2,632,067 


4, 842, 325 
2, 939, 006 


100.0 
42.0 


32.0 

11.7 


3.5 
2.5 


3.9 
2.4 


17 

IS 


3,856,594' 6,157,443 
439, 7061 780, 773 


8, 932, 112 
1, 310, 283 


10, 347, 428 
1, 751, 394 


11,837,921 
2, 075, 708 


12, 544, 249 
2, 387, 125 


13, 296, 915 
2, 563, 953 


28.5 
46.4 


6.0 

7.4 


11.9 
2.3 


10.8 
2.1 


ID 
20 


1, 194, 020 


1, 624, 615 


1, 912, 297 


2,231,853 


2, 224, 771 


2, 404, 021 


2, 470, 939 


10.7 


2.8 


2.3 


2.0 


21 


1, 721, 295 


2, 168, 380 


2, 679, 185 


3, 106, 665 


3,293,335 


3, 404, 055 


3, 629, 367 


16.8 


6.6 


3.2 


3.0 


22 


2, 405 


36, 909 


190,983 


319, 146 


577, 056 


646, 872 


680,845 


113.3 


5.3 


.6 


.6 


23 


"11,776 


98, 268 


348,600 


401, 570 


583,888 


636,547 


692,849 


72.5 


8.8 


.6 


.6 


24 


122,993 


452,402 


1, 062, 656 


1,066,300 


1, 192, 214 


1, 296, 372 


1, 377, 963 


29.2 


6.3 


1.2 


1.1 


28 


364,399 


996,096 


1, 428, 108 


1, 470, 495 


1, 690, 949 


1, 769, 257 


1,880,999 


27.9 


6.3 


L7 


1.5 


2G 


5, 853, 610 


7, 597, 197 


8, 857, 922 


10, 443, 480 


12, 194, 895 


13, 990, 272 


15, 793, 589 


51.2 


12.9 


13.2 


12.9 


27 


126, 015 


146,608 


168,493 


184, 735 


202,322 


223,003 


238,380 


29.0 


6.9 


. 


< 


as 


780,894 


934, 943 


1, 042, 390 


1, 188, 044 


1, 295, 346 


1, 449, 661 


1, 631, 526 


37.3 


12.5 


1.4 


1.3 


29 


131, 7001 177, 624 


230, 392 


278, 718 


331, 069 


437, 571 


486,869 


74,7 


11.3 


.4 




30 


1, 225, 163 1 1, 512, 565 


1, 655, 980 


1,854,184 


2,061,612 


2, 309, 187 


2, 421, 851 


30.6 


4.9 


2.2 


2.0 


:! 


442, 014 618, 457 


762, 794 


958,800 1,221,119 


1, 463, 701 


1, 729, 205 


80.4 


18.1 


1.4 


1.4 


32 


1,071,361 1,399,750 


1, 617, 949 


1,893,810! 2,206,287 


2, 559, 1231 3, 170, 276 


67.4 


23.9 


2.4 


2.6 


38 


705,606 


995, 577 


1, 151, 149 


l,340,316i 1,515,400 


1,683,7241 1,738,765 


29.7 


3.3 


1.6 


1.4 


M 


1, 184, 109 


1, 542, 180 


J, 837, 353 


2,216,331! 2,609,121 


2,895,8321 2,908,506 


31.2 


.4 


2.7 


2.4 


3f 


187,748 


269, 493 


391,422 


528,542 


752, 619 


968, 470 1, 468, 211 


177.8 


51.6 


.9 


1.2 


:;6 


4,404,%45 


5, 585, 151 


6, 429, 154 


7, 547, 757 


8, 409, 901 


8,893,307 9,887,214 


31.0 


11.2 


8.4 


8.1 


87 


1,321,011 


1, 648, 690 


1, 858, 635 


2, 147, 174 


2, 289, 905 


2, 416, 630 2, 614, 589 


21.8 


8.2 


Z3 


2.1 


38 


1, 258, 520 


1, 542, 359 


1, 767, 518 


2, 020, 616 


2, 184, 789 


2, 337, 885 2, 616, 556 


29.5 


11.9 


2.2 


21 


89 


996,992 1,262,505 


1,513,401 


1,828,697 


2, 138, 093 


2, 348, 174 


2,646,248 


44.7 


12.7 


2.2 


2.2 


40 


827,922 


1, 131, 597 


1, 289, 600 


1, 551, 270 


1, 797, 114 


1, 790, 618 


2,009,821 


29.6 


12.2 


1.7 


1.6 


41 


2,029,965 


3, 334, 220 


4, 740, 983 


8,532,290 8,784,534 


10, 242, 224 


12, 176, 830 


86.4 


18.9 


9.7 


9.9 


42 


484, 471 " 802, 525 


1,128,211 


1,311,564: 1,574,449 


1, 752, 204 


1, 854, 482 


41.4 


5.8 


L7 


1.5 


43 


726, 915 


939, 946 


1, 118, 588 


1,381,625| 1,656,388 


1, 798, 509 


2, 101, 593 


52.1 


16.9 


1. 7 


1.7 


44 






8 258, 657 


8 790, 391 1, 657, 155 


2, 028, 283 


2.396 040 


203 1 


18 1 


1.9 


2.0 


45 


818, 579 


1, 591, 749 


2, 235, 527 


3,048,7101 3,896,542 


4, 663, 228 


5, 824, 715 


91.1 


24.9 


4.4 


4.7 


46 


315,385 


653, 119 


1, 213, 935 


1,674,6571 2,633,517 


3, 338, 101 


3, 701, 789 


121.0 


11.0 


3.2 


3.0 


47 


20,595 
14,999 


39, 159 
32, 610 


142,924 
88,548 


243, 329 
161, 772 


376, 053 
325, 594 


548,889 
431, 866 


537, 606 120. 9 
445, 032i 175. 1 


-2.1 
3.0 


'.4 


4 

j 


48 
49 


9,118 


20,789 


62, 555 


92,531 


145, 965i 194, 402 


225,565 143.8 


16.0 


. 2 





-o 


39,864 


194,327 


413, 249 


539,700 


799, 024! 939, 629 


1,035,7911 91.9 


10.2 


!9 


8 


51 


91, 874 


119,565 


160, 282 


195, 310 


327, 301 


360,350 


423, 317 


116.7 


17.5 


.3 


3 


52 


9,658 


40,440 


88,243 


122, 931 


204,354 


334, 162 


435, 573 


254.3 


30.3 




J 


53 


86,786 


143,963 


210, 779 


276, 749 


373, 351 


449, 396 


507,847 


83.5 


13.0 


'.4 




54 


42, 491 


62,266 


47, 355 


42,335 


81, 875 


77,407 


91,058 


115.1 


17.6 


.1 


] 


55 


675, 125 


1,114,578 


1, 888, 334 


2, 416, 692 


4, 192, 304] 5, 566, 871 


8, 194, 433 


239.1 


47.2 


5.8 


6.7 


56 


23,955! 75,116 


357, 232 


518,1031 l,141,990i 1,356,621 


1, 563, 396 


201.8 


15.2 


1.3 


L3 


57 


90, 923J 174, 768 


317,704! 413,536| 672,765' 783,389 


953, 786 


130.6 


21.8 


. 7 


.8 


58 


660, 247J 864, 694 


1,213,398 1,485,053 2,377,549 3,426,861 


5, 677, 251 


282.3 


65.7 


3.2 


4.6 


59 



4 Population of area taken to form State of Missouri in 1821 ; part of Louisiana Territory in 1810. 
4 Population shownf 9r South Dakota in 1860 represents entire Dakota Territory; for 1870 and 1880, popu- 
lation parts as since existing have been segregated. 

6 Area now constituting West Virginia formed part of Virginia prior to 1870. 

7 Population of area taken to form Arkansas Territory in 1819; part of Louisiana Territory in 1810. 

8 Includes population of Indian Territory, as follows: 1890, 180,182; 1900, 392,060. 



6 



POPULATION URBAN AND RURAL 



No. 7. DISTRIBUTION OF POPULATION IN GROUPS OF CITIES ' AND IN 

RURAL TERRITORY 

NOTE. Prior to 1930 all incorporated places and also towns (townships) in Massachusetts, Rhode Island, 
and New Hampshire having 2,500 or more inhabitants, are classed as urban areas. For 1930, urban areas 
also include unincorporated political subdivisions with a total population of 10,000 or more inhabitants 
and a population density of 1,000 per square mile, and include for the three New England States named 
above only those towns which contain a village of more than 2,500 inhabitants comprising, either by itself 
or when combined with other villages within the same town, more than 50 per cent of the population of 
the town The total urban and rural population for 1880 and 1890 is as follows: Urban 1880, 14,358,167; 
1890, 22,298,359; rural 1880, 35,797,616; 1890, 40,649,355; per cent urban 1880, 28.6; 1890, 35.4. 



Class 


1900 


1910 


1920 


Num- 
ber of 
places 


Population 


Num- 
ber of 
places 


Population 


Num- 
ber of 
places 


Population 


Total 




75, 994, 575 




91, 972, 266 




105, 710, 620 


Urban territory 








1,801 
3 
3 

9 
23 
40 
82 
280 
468 
893 


30, 380, 433 
6, 429, 474 
1, 645, 087 
2, 861, 296 
3, 272, 490 
2, 709, 338 
2, 800, 627 
4, 338, 250 
3, 220, 766 
3, 103, 105 

45, 814, 142 


2,313 
3 

5 
11 
31 
59 
119 
367 
612 
1,106 


42, 166, 120 
8, 501, 174 
3, 010, 667 
3, 949, 839 
4, 840, 458 
4, 178, 915 
4, 026, 045 
5, 524, 434 
4, 254, 856 
3, 879, 732 

49, 808, 148 
8, 164, 628 
41,641,518 


2,787 
3 
9 
13 
43 
76 
143 
459 
721 
1,320 


54, 304, 603 
10, 145, 532 
6, 223, 769 
4, 540, 838 
6, 519, 187 
5, 265, 747 
5,075,041 
6, 942, 742 
4, 997, 794 
4, 593, 953 

51, 406, 017 
8, 9f, 125 
42,442,892 


Places of 1,000,000 or more 


Places of 500,000 to 1,000,000 


Places of 250 000 to 500 000 


Places of 100,000 to 250,000 


Places of 50,000 to 100,000 


Places of 25 000 to 50 000 


Places of 10,000 to 25,000 


Places of 5,000 to 10 000 


Places of 2 500 to 5 000 


Rural territory 


Incorporated places of less than 2,500. . 
Other rural territory 


8,930 


6, 301, 533 
39, 312, 609 


11, 829 


12,853 










Class 


1930 


Per cent of total population 


Num- 
ber of 
places 


Population 


1900 


1910 


1930 


1930 


Total 




122, 775, 046 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


Urban territory 




3,165 
5 

8 
24 
56 
98 
185 
606 
851 
1,332 


68, 954, 823 
15, 064, 555 
5, 763, 987 
7, 956, 228 
7, 540, 966 
6, 491, 448 
6, 425, 693 
9, 097, 200 
5, 897, 166 
4, 717, 590 

53, 820, 223 
9,183,453 
44, 636, 770 


40.0 
8.5 
2.2 
3.8 
4.3 
3.6 
3.7 
5.7 
4.2 
4.1 

60.0 
8.3 

51.7 


45.8 
9.2 
3.3 
4.3 
5.3 
4.5 
4.4' 
6.0 
4.6 
4.2 

54.2 
8.9 
45.3 


51.4 
9.6 
5.9 
4.3 
6.2 
5.0 
4.8 
6.6 
4.7 
4.3 

48.6 
8.5 
40.2 


56.2 
12.3 
4.7 
6.5 
6.1 
5.3 
5.2 
7.4 
4.8 
3.8 

43.8 

7.5 
36.4 


Places of 1,000,000 or more 


Places of 500,000 to 1,000 000 


Placesof 250,000 to 500,000 


Places of 100,000 to 250,000 


Places of 50,000 to 100,000 


Places of 25,000 to 50,000 . 


Places of 10, 000 to 25,000 


Places of 5, 000 to 10,000 


Places of 2,500 to 5,000 


Rural territory 


Incorporated places of less than 2,500.. 
Other rural territory 


13, 433 







No. 8. POPULATION IN PLACES OF 8,000 INHABITANTS OR MORE 



Year 


Total 
population 


Places of 8,000 inhabitants 
or more 


Year 


Total 
population 


Places of 8,000 inhabitants 
or more 


Popu- 
lation 


Num- 
ber of 
places 


Per 
cent 
of total 
popu- 
lation 


Popu- 
lation 


Num- 
ber of 
places 


Per 

cent 
of total 
popu- 
lation 


1790... 


3, 929, 214 
5, 308, 483 
7, 239, 881 
9, 638, 453 
12,866,020 
17, 069, 4.53 
23, 191, 876 
31, 443, 321 


131,472 
210, 873 
356, 920 
475, 135 
864, .509 
1, 453, 994 
2, 897, 586 
5, 072, 256 


6 
6 
11 
13 
26 
44 
85 
141 


3.3 
4.0 
4.9 
4.9 
6.7 
8.5 
12.5 
16.1 


1870 


38,558,371 
50, 155, 783 
62, 947, 714 
75, 994, 575 
91, 972, 266 
105,710,620 
122, 775, 046 


8, 071, 875 
11,365,688 

18, 244, 239 
25, 018, 335 
35, 570, 334 
46, 307, 640 
60, 333, 452 


226 
285 
445 
547 
768 
924 
1,208 


20.9 
22.7 
29.0 
32.9 
3S. 7 
43.8 
49.1 


1800 


1880 


1810... 


1890 


1820. . . 


1900 


1830 


1910 


1840. 


1920 


1850 


1930 


I860. 







Source of Tables 7 and 8: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 



POPULATION URBAN AND RURAL 



No> 9. URBAN AND RURAL POPULATION, BY STATES 

NOTE. See headnote. Table 7. The proportion of urban and rural population in 1930 as compared with 
data for earlier censuses was affected by changes in the classification. If the segregation of urban and 
rural had been made in 1930 on the same basis as in 1920, the per cent urban in 1930 for the areas affected 
would have been as follows: United States, 55.9; New Hampshire, 66.3; Massachusetts, 95.3; Rhode 
Island, 97.5; Connecticut, 65.0; New York, 83.4; New Jersey, 77.5; Pennsylvania, 65.7; California, 72.4 



Division and State 


1910 


1920 


1930 


Per cent urban 


Urban 


Rural 


Urban 


Rural 


Urban 


Rural 


1910 


1920 


1930 


Continental United 
States 


42, 166, 120 


49, 806, 146 


54, 804, 603 


51, 406, 017 


68, 954, 823 


53,820,223 


45.8 


51.4 


56.2 


New England 


4, 998, 082 
262,248 
255,099 
98, 917 
3, 125, 367 
524,654 
731, 797 

13, 723, 373 
7, 185, 494 
1,907,210 
4, 630, 669 

9,617,271 
2, 665, 143 
1,143,835 
3,476,929 
1,327,044 
1,004,320 

3, 873, 716 
850,294 
680,054 
1, 398, 817 
63,236 
76, 673 
310, 852 
493, 790 

3, 092, 153 
97,085 
658,192 
331,069 
476, 529 
228,242 
318, 474 
224,832 
538,650 
219,080 

1 574 229 


1, 554, 599 
480,123 
175, 473 
257,039 
241,049 
17,956 
382, 959 

5, 592, 519 
1, 928, 120 
629, 957 
3, 034, 442 

8, 633, 350 
2, 101, 978 
1,557,041 
2, 161, 662 
1, 483, 129 
1, 329, 540 

7, 764, 205 
1, 225, 414 
1, 544, 717 
1, 894, 518 
513, 820 
507, 215 
881,362 
1, 197, 159 

9, 102, 742 
105, 237 
637,154 


5, 865, 073 
299,569 
279, 761 
109, 976 
3, 650, 248 
589,180 
936, 339 

16. 672, 595 
8, 589, 844 
2,474,936 
5,607,815 

13, 049, 272 
3, 677, 136 
1, 482, 855 
4, 403, 153 
2, 241, 560 
1, 244, 568 

4, 727, 372 
1, 051, 593 
875, 495 
1,586,903 
88,239 
101, 872 
405,306 
617,964 

4, 338, 792 
120, 767 
869,422 
437, 571 
673,984 
369,007 
490,370 
293, 987 
727,859 
355,825 

1, 994, 207 
633,543 
611,226 
509,317 
240, 121 

2, 970, 829 
290,497 
628,163 
539,480 
1, 512, 689 

1,214,980 
172,011 
119, 037 
57,348 
453,259 
64,960 
117,527 
215,584 
15,254 

3, 471, 483 
748, 735 
391, 019 
2, 331, 729 


1, 535, 838 
468,445 
163,322 
242,452 
202,108 
15, 217 
444,292 

5, 588, 549 
1, 795, 383 
680,964 
3, 112, 202 

8, 426, 271 
2, 082, 258 
1, 447, 535 
2, 082, 127 
1, 426, 852 
1,387,499 

7, 816, 877 
1, 335, 532 
1, 528, 526 
1, 817, 152 
558,633 
534,675 
891,066 
1, 151, 293 

9, 651, 480 
102,236 
580,239 


6, 311, 976 
321,506 
273, 079 
118,766 
3,831,426 
635,429 
1, 131, 770 

20, 394, 707 
10, 521, 952 
3, 339, 244 
6, 533, 511 

16, 794, 908 
4, 507, 371 
1, 795, 892 
5, 635, 727 
3, 302, 075 
1, 553, 843 

5, 556, 181 
1, 257, 616 
979, 292 
1, 859, 119 
113,306 
130,907 
486,107 
729,834 

5,698,122 
123, 146 
974,869 
486,869 
785,537 
491,504 
809,847 
371,080 
895, 492 
759, 778 

2, 778, 687 
799,026 
896,538 
744,273 
338,850 

4, 427, 439 
382,878 
833,532 
821, 681 
2, 389, 348 

1,457,922 
181, 036 
129,507 
70,097 
519, 882 
106, 816 
149,856 
266,264 
34,464 

5, 534, 881 
884,539 
489, 746 
4,160,596 


1, 854, 365 
475, 917 
192, 214 
240,845 
418, 188 
52,068 
475, 133 

5,866,043 
2,066,114 
702,090 
3, 097, 839 

8, 502, 277 
2, 139, 326 
1, 442, 611 
1,994,927 
1,540,250 
1, 385, 163 

7, 740, 784 
1, 306, 337 
1, 491, 647 
1, 770, 248 
567,539 
561,942 
891,856 
1, 151, 165 

10, 095, 467 
115,234 
656,657 


76.3 
35.3 
59.2 
27.8 
92.8 
96.7 
65.6 

71.0 

78.8 
75.2 
60.4 

52.7 
55.9 
42.4 
61.7 
47.2 
43.0 

33.3 
41.0 
30.6 
42.5 
11.0 
13.1 
26.1 
29.2 

25.4 
48.0 
50.8 
100.0 
23.1 
18.7 
14.4 
14.8 
20.6 
29.1 

18.7 
24.3 
20.2 
17.3 
11.5 

22.8 
12.9 
30.0 
19.3 
24.1 

36.0 
35.5 
21.5 
29.6 
50.7 
14.2 
31.0 
46.3 
16.3 

56.8 
53.0 
45.6 
61.8 


79.2 
39.0 
63.1 
31.2 

94.8 
97.5 
67.8 

74.9 

82.7 
78.4 
64.3 

60.8 
63.8 
50.6 
67.9 
61.1 
47.3 

37.7 
44.1 
36.4 
46.6 
13.6 
16.0 
31.3 

*, 

31.0 
54.2 
60.0 
100.0 
29.2 
25.2 
19.2 
17.5 
25.1 
36.7 

22.4 
26.2 
26.1 
21.7 
13.4 

29.0 
16.6 
34.9 
26.6 
3,4 

36.4 
31.3 
27.6 
29.5 
48.2 
18.0 
35.2 
48.0 
19.7, 

62.4 

55.2 
49.9 

68.0 


77.3 
40.3 
58.7 
33.0 
90.2 
92.4 
70.4 

77.7 
83.6 
82.6 
67.8 

66.4 
67.8 
55.5 
73.9 
68.2 
52,9 

4L8 
49.0 
39.6 
5L2 
16.6 
18.9 
35.3 
38.8 

36.1 

51.7 
59.8 
100.0 
32.4 
28.4 
25.5 
21.3 
30.8 
5L7 

28.1 
30.6 
34.3 
28.1 
16.9 

86.4 
20.6 
39.7 
34.3 
4LO 

39.4 
33.7 
29.1 
31.1 
50.2 
25.2 
34.4 
52.4 
37.8 

67.5 
56.6 
51.3 
J3.3 


Maine" 


New Hampshire l 
Vermont-. 


Massachusetts 1 . 


Rhode Island J 


Connecticut 1 ~ 


Middle Atlantic 


New York .. 


New Jersey * 


Pennsylvania J 


East North Central 


Ohio 


Indiana- 


Illinois 


Michigan 


Wisconsin 


West North Central 


Minnesota 


Iowa 


Missouri 


North Dakota 


South Dakota.. 


Nebraska ._ - 


Kansas 


South Atlantic 


Delaware- 


Maryland 


District of Columbia 
Virginia 


1,585,083 
992, 877 
1, 887, 813 
1,290,568 
2, 070, 471 
533,539 

6, 835, 672 
1,734,463 
1,743,744 
1, 767, 662 
1, 589, 803 

6, 827, 078 
1, 371, 768 
1, 159, 872 
1,337,000 
2, 958, 438 

1, 686, 006 
242, 633 
255, 696 
102, 744 
394,184 
280,730 
141,094 
200,417 
68,508 

1, 809, 975 
536,460 
365, 705 
907, 810 


1, 635, 203 
1,094,694 
2,068,753 
1,389,737 
2,167,973 
612,645 

6, 899, 100 
1,783,087 
1, 726, 659 
1,838,857 
1, 550, 497 

7, 271, 395 
1, 461, 707 
1,170,346 
1,488,803 
3, 150, 539 

2, 121, 121 
376, 878 
312,829 
137,054 
486,370 
295,390 
216,635 
233,812 
62,153 

2, 095, 888 
607,886 
392, 370 
1, 095, 132 


1, 636, 314 
1, 237, 701 
2,360,429 
1, 367, 685 
2, 013, 014 
708,433 

7, 108, 527 
1, 815, 563 
1, 720, 018 
1, 901, 975 
1, 670, 971 

7, 749, 391 
1, 471, 604 
1, 268, 061 
1, 574, 359 
3, 435, 367 

2, 243, 867 
356,570 
315, 525 
155,468 
515,909 
316, 501 
285,717 
241,583 
56,594 

2, 659, 552 
678, 857 
464,040 
1, 516, 655 


West Virginia.- 


North Carolina 


South Carolina 




Florida . 


East South Central 


Kentucky... 


555,442 
441, 045 
370, 431 
207, 311 

1, 957, 456 
202,681 
496, 516 
320, 155 
938,104 

947, 511 
133,420 
69,898 
43,221 
404,840 
46, 571 
63,260 
172, 934 
13,367 

2, 382, 329 
605,530 
307,060 
1, 469, 739 


Tennessee 


Alabama 


Mississippi- 


West South Central 


Arkansas 


Louisiana- 


Oklahoma 


Texas 


Mountain. 


Montana... 


Idaho. 


Wyoming 


Colorado 


New Mexico 


Arizona 


Utah 


Nevada 


Pacific. 


Washington 


Oregon. . 


California l 





1 See headnote. 

Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 



8 



POPULATION FARM AND RURAL NONFARM 



No. 10. FARM POPULATION AND RURAL NONFARM POPULATION: BY 

STATES 



NOTE. For farm population Jan. 1, 1935, as reported in the Agricultural Census of 1935, consult index 
for references to tables in section 25, Farms-General Statistics. 



Division and State 


Farm population 


Rural-farm 
population 


Urban-farm 
population 


Rural 
nonfarin 
popula- 
tion, 
1930 


Number 


Per cent 
of total 
population 


1920 


1930 


1920 


1930 


1920 


1930 


1920 


1930 


Continental U. S._. 
New England 


31, 614, 269 


30,445,350 


29.9 


24.8 


31, 358, 640 


30, 157, 513 


255, 629 


287, 837 


23, 662, 710 


625, 877 
197, 601 
76, 021 
125, 263 
118, 554 
15, 136 
93, 302 

1, 892, 789 
800, 747 
143, 708 
948, 334 

4, 913, 633 
1, 139, 329 
907, 295 
1, 098, 262 
848, 710 
920, 037 

5, 171, 586 
897, 181 
984, 799 
1,211,346 
394, 500 
362, 221 
584, 172 
737, 377 

6, 416, 698 
61, 212 
279, 225 
894 
1, 064, 417 
477, 924 
1, 501, 227 
1, 074, 693 
1, 685, 213 


573, 251 
170, 995 
62, 850 
112,904 
123, 255 
16, 477 
86, 770 

1, 707, 719 
719, 929 
131,096 

856, 694 

4, 488, 933 
1, 013, 229 


8.5 
26.7 
17.2 
35.5 
3.1 
2.5 
6.8 

8.5 
7.7 
4.6 
10.9 

22.9 

19.8 
31.0 
16.9 
23.1 
35.0 

41.2 
37.6 
41.0 
35.6 
61.0 
56.9 
45.1 
41.7 

45.9 
23.0 
19.3 
.2 

46.1 
32.7 
58.7 
63.8 
58.2 
29.1 

58.3 
54.0 
54.4 
56.9 
71.0 

51.0 
65.5 
43.7 
50.2 

48.8 

35.0 
41.1 
46.5 
34.6 
28.3 
44.8 
27.1 
31.2 
20.9 

18.2 
20.9 
27.3 
15.1 


7.0 

21.4 
13.5 
31.4 
2.9 
2.4 
5.4 

6.5 

5.7 
3.2 
8.9 

17.7 
15.2 
25.1 
13.1 
16,2 
30.0 

38.1 
34.9 
39.6 
30.7 
58.4 
56.3 
42.5 
37.6 

37.3 
19.5 
14.6 
.1 
39.3 
26.0 
50.5 
52.7 
48.8 
19.0 

51.5 
45.0 
46.5 
50.6 

67.8 

43.7 
60.4. 
39.5 
42.7 
40.4 

30.8 
38.1 
42,3 
32.4 
27.3 
37.5 
22.7 
22.8 
18.1 

14.0 
19.5 
23.5 
10.9 


535, 422 
189, 026 
64, 607 
124, 445 
61, 732 
5,315 
90, 297 

1, 881, 161 

782, 954 
136, 847 
941, 360 

4, 887, 204 
1, 133, 912 
902, 820 
1, 090, 736 
844, 499 
915, 237 

5, 153, 183 
893, 460 
977, 694 
1, 207, 899 
393, 622 
361, 886 
582, 738 
735, 884 

6, 397, 757 
51, 151 
277, 656 


499, 083 
161, 429 
54, 911 
111,898 
80, 309 
10, 289 
80, 247 

1, 673, 694 
706, 446 
121, 008 
846, 240 

4,453,114 
1, 004, 288 
808, 981 
991,401 
775, 436 
873, 008 

5, 035, 581 
888, 049 
964, 659 
1, 108, 969 
396, 871 
389, 431 
582, 981 
704, 601 

5, 878, 956 
46, 302 
236, 172 


90, 466 
8,575 
11,414 
818 
56, 822 
9,821 
3,005 

31,628 
17, 793 
6,861 
6,974 

26, 429 
5, 417 
4,475 
7,526 
4,211 
4,800 

18,413 
3,721 
7,105 
3,447 
878 
335 
1,434 
1,493 

18, 941 
61 
1,569 
894 
4,504 
1,293 
1,281 
2,214 
4,602 
2,523 

8,131 
2,520 
2,529 
1,372 
1,710 

17, 629 
2,567 
1,595 
1,428 
12, 039 

15, 374 
278 
4,339 
230 
792 
904 
393 
8,377 
61 

28, 629 
3,360 
2,012 
23, 257 


74, 168 
9, 566 
7,939 
1,006 
42, 946 
6,188 
6, 523 

34, 025 
13, 483 

10, 088 
10, 454 

35, 819 

8,941 
4,026 
7,848 
6,958 
8,046 

32, 574 
7,300 
13, 247 
5,515 
423 
774 
2,720 
2,595 

19, 220 
228 
1,284 
435 
2,011 
1,364 
2,698 
2,373 
4,795 
4,032 

10, 661 
2,292 
2,387 
3,868 
2,114 

18, 473 
2,134 
3,724 
2,896 
9,719 

15,025 
632 
2,265 
247 
1,789 
725 
176 
9,046 
145 

47, 872 
4, 594 
2, 122 
41, 156 


1,355,282 
314, 488 
137, 303 
128, 947 
337, 879 
41, 779 
394, 886 

4, 192, 349 
1, 359, 668 
581, 082 
2, 251, 599 

4, 049, 163 
1, 135, 038 
633, 630 
1, 003, 526 
764, 814 
512,155 

2, 705, 173 

418, 288 
526, 988 
661, 279 
F70, 668 
172,511 
308, 875 
446, 564 

4,216,511 
68, 932 
420, 485 


Maine 


New Hampshire 
Vermont ______ 


Massachusetts 


Rhode Island _-_ 


Connecticut 


Middle Atlantic 


New York 


New Jersey 


Pennsylvania 


East North Central 
Ohio 


Indiana 


813, 007 
999, 249 
782, 394 
881, 054 

5,068,135 
895, 349 
977, 906 
1, 114, 484 
397, 294 
390, 205 
585, 701 
707, 196 

5, 898, 176 
46, 530 
237,456 
435 
950, 757 
449, 114 
1, 599, 918 
916, 471 
1, 418, 514 
278, 981 

5, 095, 096 
1, 176, 524 
1, 215, 452 
1, 340, 277 


Illinois 


Michigan 


Wisconsin 


West North Central 
Minnesota 


Iowa 


Missouri 


North Dakota 


South Dakota .. 


Nebraska 


Kansas 


South Atlantic 


Delaware 


Maryland 


Dist. of Columbia... 
Virginia 


1, 059, 913 
476, 631 
1, 499, 946 
1, 072, 479 
1,680,611 
279, 370 

5, 174, 806 
1, 302, 342 
1, 269, 179 
1, 334, 513 
1, 268, 772 

5, 210, 570 
1, 144, 482 
784, 455 
1,015,899 
2, 265, 734 

1, 152, 993 
225, 389 
196, 563 
67, 076 
265, 281 
160, 542 
90, 167 
131, 872 
16, 103 

985, 544 
280, 022 
212,009 
493, 513 


948, 746 
447, 750 
1, 597, 220 
914, 098 
1,413,719 
274, 949 

5, 084, 435 
1, 174, 232 
1, 213, 065 
1, 336, 409 
1, 360, 729 

5, 307, 939 
1,117,330 
826, 882 
1, 021, 174 
2, 342, 553 

1,123,693 
203, 962 
186, 100 
72, 905 
281, 038 
157, 906 
98, 819 
106, 667 
16,296 

1, 101, 038 
300, 143 
221, 545 
579, 350 


687, 568 
789, 951 
763, 209 
453, 587 
599, 295 
433, 484 

2, 024, 092 
641, 331 

506, 953 
565, 566 
310, 242 

2, 441, 452 
354, 274 
441, 179 
553, 185 
1, 092, 814 

1, 120, 174 

152, HOX 
129, 425 
82, 563 
234,871 
158, 595 
186, 89S 
134,916 
40, IMS 

1,558,514 
378,714 
242, 4 05 
937,305 


West Virginia 


North Carolina 


South Carolina 


Georgia 


Florida 


281, 893 

5, 182, 937 
1, 304, 862 

1, 271, 708 


East South Central 


Kentucky 


Tennessee 


Alabama 


1, 335, 885 


Mississippi 


I, 270, 482 


1, 362, 843 

5, 326, 412 
1,119,464 
830,606 
1, 024, 070 
2, 352, 272 

1 138,718 


West South Central 
Arkansas 


5, 228, 199 
1, 147, 049 


Louisiana 


786, 050 
1,017,327 
2, 277, 773 

1, 168, 367 
225, 667 
200,902 
67,306 
266, 073 
161,446 
90,560 
140, 249 
16,164 

1, 014, 173 
283,382 
214, 021 
516, 770 


Oklahoma 


Texas 


Mountain 


Montana 


204, 594 
188, 365 
73, 152 
282, 827 
158, 631 
98,995 
115,713 
16,441 

1,148,910 
304, 737 
223, 667 
620,506 


Idaho 


W yoming 


Colorado 


New Mexico . ._ 


Arizona 


Utah 


Nevada 


Pacific 


Washington 


Oregon .- 
California 





Source; Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 



POPULATION BY STATES 



9 



No. 11. POPULATION: ANNUAL MIDYEAR ESTIMATES BY STATES 

NOTE. Estimates of population from 1927 to 1929 are based on the assumption that the increase (or de- 
crease) each year between the censuses of 1920 and 1930 is equal to the annual average change between 
the two enumerations. For 1930 to 1936, the total population is estimated upon the basis of the available 
birth, death, immigration, and emigration figures, allowance being made for unregistered births and 
deaths. For State estimates for 1934 and 1935 a study of local conditions was made through State data, 
principally school statistics, State censuses, and a review of the farm population as indicated by the 
Agricultural Census of Jan. 1, 1935. The figures for 1930 to 1933 are obtained by interpolation between 
the 1930 census figures and the 1934 and 1935 estimates. For estimate for continental United States 
/or 1937, see table 12, p. 10. For actual enumerations, 1790 to 1930, see table 6, p. 4. 



[All figures in thousands] 



Division and State 


1127 


1928 


1929 


1930 


1931 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1936 


Continental U. S. 


118, 197 


119,862 


121, 526 


123,091 


124, 113 


124,974 


125,770 


126, 626 


127,521 


128,429 


New England 


7 961 


8 036 


8 110 


8 188 


8 252 


8 308 


8 360 


8 414 


8 497 


8 581 


Maine 


790 


792 


795 


800 


810 


819 


829 


837 


845 


853 


New Hampshire- 
Vermont . 


459 
358 


462 
358 


464 
359 


468 
361 


475 
364 


482 
368 


489 
371 


496 
374 


502 
377 


508 
380 


Massachusetts- . 
Rhode Island..,. 
Connecticut 

Middle Atlantic.. .. 
New York 


4, 143 
665 
1,546 

25, 188 
11,997 


4,182 
673 
1,568 

25, 578 
12, 212 


4,221 
681 
1,590 

25, 968 
12,427 


4,257 
687 
1,613 

28,334 
12, 615 


4,279 
686 
1,638 

26, 559 
12,690 


4,295 
685 
1,659 

26, 741 
12, 743 


4,309 
683 
1.679 

28, 911 
12, 791 


4,326 
681 
1,700 

27.095 
12^846 


4,375 
681 
1,717 

27, 245 

12,890 


4,425 
681 
1,734 

27,399 
12 935 


New Jersey 


3,804 


3,890 


3,977 


4,057 


4,110 


4,158 


4,202 


4,249 


4 288 


4,328 


Pennsylvania 

East North Central 
Ohio 


9,387 

24,272 
6,409 


9,476 

24,645 
6, 495 


9,565 

25, 018 

6,582 


9,662 

25, 821 

6,656 


9,759 

25, 377 
6,674 


9,840 

25,415 
6 685 


9,918 

25,444 
6 691 


10,000 

25, 479 
6 701 


10,067 

25,592 
6 707 


10, 136 

25,708 
6 713 


Indiana. 


3,156 


3,186 


3,216 


3,251 


3,292 


3,328 


3,364 


3 400 


3 429 


3 459 


Illinois 


7 323 


7 435 


7 547 


7 647 


7 693 


7 726 


7 756 


7 790 


7 gj7 


7 R45 


Michigan.. 


4,527 


4.642 


4,756 


4^829 


41.786 


4,750 


4,716 


4 680 


4 731 


4 783 


Wisconsin 


2,857 


2,887 


2,917 


2,938 


2,932 


2,926 


2,917 


2 908 


2 908 


2 908 


West Worth Central. 
Minnesota 


13,095 
2,517 


13, 168 
2,534 


13,242 
2,551 


13, 325 

2,569 


13, 416 

2 585 


13,490 
2.596 


13, 559 
2 607 


13, 635 

2 619 


13,708 
2 627 


13, 782 
2 635 


Iowa 


2,453 


2,460 


2,466 


2 476 


2,492 


2 503 


2,513 


2 525 


2 534 


2 543 


Missouri 


3,569 


3,591 


3,613 


3,648 


3,707 


3,762 


3,814 


3 868 


3 913 


3 959 


North Dakota... 
South Dakota... 
Nebraska. 


672 
678 
1,356 


675 
683 
1,364 


678 
689 
1,372 


682 
693 
1,377 


687 
693 
1,375 


690 
692 
1.372 


693 
692 
1,368 


697 
692 
1 364 


700 
692 
1 364 


703 
692 
1 364 


Kansas 


1,851 


1,862 


1,873 


1 880 


1 877 


1 875 


1 872 


1 870 


1 878 


1 886 


South Atlantic 


15, 310 


15, 486 


15,662 


15 859 


16 084 


16 287 


16 480 


16 680 


16 878 


17 072 


Delaware 


234 


236 


237 


239 


2*3 


247 


250 


253 


'256 


259 


Maryland . 


1,583 


1,600 


1,618 


1,635 


1,645 


1,651 


1,657 


1 664 


1 669 


1 674 


Dist. of Col 


474 


478 


483 


492 


509 


526 


543 


560 


594 


619 


Virginia 


2, 392 


2,403 


2,414 


2,434 


2,480 


2,521 


2,562 


2 604 


2 637 


2 671 


"West Virginia... 
North Carolina.. 
South Carolina. . 
Georgia 


1,658 
3,006 
1,724 
2,905 


1.684 
3,066 
1,729 
2,906 


1,710 
3,126 
1,735 
2,908 


1, 735 
3,186 
1,745 
2,917 


1,754 
3,237 
1,767 
2,944 


1,771 
3,284 
1.786 
2,967 


1,786 
3,331 
1,803 
2 988 


1,802 
3,378 
1,821 
3 Oil 


1,816 
3,417 
1,840 
3 035 


1,830 
3,457 
1,860 
3 060 


Florida 


1,334 


1,383 


1,432 


1 476 


1 505 


1 534 


1 560 


1 587 


1 614 


1 642 


East South Central- 
Kentucky 


9,621 
2,561 


9,718 
2,581 


9,814 
2,600 


9,926 
2 628 


10, 059 

2 677 


10, 176 
2 721 


10, 288 
2 765 


10,408 
2 810 


10, 512 

2 846 


10, 619 

2 883 


Tennessee 


2,542 


2.569 


2,596 


2,630 


2,675 


2,712 


2 747 


2 785 


2*824 


2 864 


Alabama 


2,566 


2,595 


2,624 


2,658 


2 698 


2 734 


2 768 


2 805 


2 834 


2 64 


Mississippi 

West South Central- 
Arkansas 


1,951 

11, 658 
1,827 


1,972 

11,847 
1,837 


1,994 

12, 035 

1 847 


2,010 

12, 212 
1 863 


2,009 

12,332 
1 894 


2,009 

12, 432 
1 922 


2,008 

12, 524 
1 948 


2,008 

12, 623 
1 976 


2,008 

12, 705 
1 999 


2,008 

12,790 
2 023 


Louisiana 


2.020 


2,050 


2.-079 


2, 104 


2 111 


2 113 


2 115 


2 118 


2 120 


2 122 


Oklahoma 
Texas . 


2,297 
5,513 


2,333 
5 626 


2,369 
5 740 


2,403 
5 842 


2,429 
5 898 


2,450 
5 947 


2,470 
5 991 


2,491 
6 038 


2,509 
6 077 


2,528 
fi 117 


Mountain 


3 604 


3 639 


3 675 


3 704 


3 714 


3 721 


8 725 


o 700 


o 740 




Montana 


541 


540 


538 


537 


536 


'535 


*533 


531 


531 


CO* 


Idaho 


441 


443 


444 


447 


454 


460 


466 


473 


47Q 




Wyoming 


217 


220 


223 


226 


228 


229 


230 


231 


232 


233 


Colorado 


1,010 


1,019 


1 029 


1 038 


1 044 


1 049 


1 053 


1 058 


1 062 


1 066 


New Mexico 
Arizona 


406 
408 


413 

418 


419 
428 


423 
433 


423 

426 


422 
419 


422 
412 


422 


422 


422 


Utah.. 


492 


498 


504 


509 


510 


512 


513 


514 


515 




Nevada 


87 


89 


90 


91 


93 


95 


06 


go 


on 




Pacific 


7 489 


7 748 


8 002 


8 224 


8 320 


8 404. 


o 470 


8KCQ 


000 




Washington 
Oregon 


1,508 
908 


1^528 
925 


1,548 
941 


1,568 
957 


1,584 
969 


1,598 
980 


1,610 
990 


1,623 
gqq 


1,633 


1,643 


California 


5,073 


5,293 


5 513 


5 699 


5 767 


5 826 


5 79 


5 937 


5 997 


6 059 

























Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 



10 



POPULATION 



No. 12. POPULATION: ANNUAL MIDYEAR ESTIMATES FOR CONTINENTAL 
UNITED STATES AND CERTAIN OUTLYING TERRITORIES AND POSSESSIONS 

NOTE. Estimates, except for continental United States and Hawaii, 1930 to 1937, are based on the assump- 
tion that the increase each year between two successive censuses is equal to the annual average increase 
between the two enumerations. Revised estimates for continental United States and Hawaii, 1930 to 
1937, are based on available data regarding births, deaths, immigration, and emigration, allowance being 
made each year for unregistered births and deaths. Estimates for Puerto Rico, 1930 to 1937, are based 
upon a census taken as of Dec. 1, 1935. 



Year 


Continen- 
tal United 
States 


Year 


Continen- 
tal United 
States 


Year 


Continental 
United 

States 


Alaska 


Hawaii 


Puerto 
Rico 


Philippine 
Islands 


1850 


23, 260, 638 


1882... 


52, 820, 768 


1910 .. 


92, 267, 080 


64,156 


193, 282 


1, 121, 913 


8, 876, 170 


1855... 


27, 386, 359 


1883... 


54, 099, 961 


1911 


93, 682, 189 


63, 196 


199, 874 


1, 140, 638 


9, 045, 363 


1856--. 


28, 211, 504 


1884... 


55, 379, 154 


1912 


95, 097, 298 


62, 236 


206, 466 


1, 159, 364 


9, 214, 556 


1857 


, 29, 036, 649 


1885... 


56, 658, 347 


1913... 


96, 512, 407 


61, 276 


213, 058 


1, 178. 090 


9, 383, 749 


1858 


29, 861, 794 


1886... 


57, 937, 540 


1914... 


97, 927, 516 


60, 316 


219, 650 


1, 196, 816 


9, 552, 942 


1859 


30, 686, 939 


1887... 


59, 216, 733 


1915 .. 


99, 342, 625 


59, 356 


226, 243 


1, 215, 452 


9, 722, 135 


I860-. 


31, 502, 613 


1888... 


60, 495, 927 


1916... 


100, 757, 735 


58, 396 


232, 836 


1.234,268 


9, 891, 328 


1861 


32,214,118 


1889... 


61, 775, 121 


1917 .. 


102, 172, 845 


57, 436 


239, 429 


1, 252, 994 


10, 060, 521 


1862 


32, 925, 623 


1890 


63, 056, 438 


1918 


103, 587, 955 


56, 476 


246, 022 


1, 271, 720 


10, 229, 714 


1863... 


33, 637, 128 


1891... 


64, 361, 124 


1919... 


105, 003, 065 


55, 516 


252, 615 


1, 290, 446 


10, 398, 503 


1864 


34, 348, 633 


1892... 


65, 665, 810 


1920 .. 


106, 543, 031 


55, 243 


261, 396 


1,311,717 


10, 566, 889 


1865 


35, 060, 138 


1893 


66, 970, 496 


1921... 


108, 207, 853 


55, 656 


272, 364 


1, 335, 532 


10, 735, 275 


1866 


35, 771, 643 


1894... 


68, 275, 182 


1922 . 


109, 872, 675 


56, 070 


283, 332 


, 359, 347 


10, 903, 661 


1867 


36, 483, 148 


1895... 


69, 579, 868 


1923 


111,537,497 


56, 484 


294, 300 


, 383, 162 


11,072,047 


1868 


37, 194, 653 


1896... 


70, 884, 554 


1924... 


113, 202, 319 


56, 898 


305, 268 


, 406, 977 


11,240,433 


1869 


37, 906, 158 


1897 


72, 189, 240 


1925 -. 


114, 867, 141 


57, 312 


316. 236 


, 430, 792 


11,408,819 


1870 


38,655,016 


1898.-. 


73, 493, 926 


1926 


116,531,963 


57, 726 


327; 204 


. 454, 607 


11,577,205 


1871 


39, 814, 757 


1899... 


74, 798, 612 


1927 .- 


118,196,785 


58, 140 


338, 172 


, 478, 422 


11,745,591 


1872 


40, 974, 498 


1900... 


76, 129, 408 


1928 


119,861,607 


58, 554 


349, 140 


, 502, 237 


11,913,978 


1873 


42, 134, 239 


1901... 


77, 747, 402 


1929... 


121, 526, 429 


58, 968 


360, 109 


, 526, 052 


12, 082, 366 


1874 


43, 293, 980 


1902 


79, 365, 396 


1930 .- 


123, 091, 000 


59,400 


368, 000 


, 552, 000 


12, 250, 752 


1875 


44, 453, 721 


1903 


80, 983, 390 


1931 


124,113,000 


59, 800 


377, 000 


, 583, 700 


12, 419, 100 


1876... 


45, 613, 462 


1904 .. 


82, 601, 384 


1932 -- 


124, 974, 000 


60, 200 


383, 600 


, 615, 400 


12,589,400 


1877 


46, 773, 203 


1905,-. 


84, 219, 378 


1933 


125, 770, 000 


60, 600 


382, 000 


, 647, 000 


12,758,400 


1878 


47, 932, 945 


1906 


85, 837, 372 


1934.-. 


126, 626, 000 


61, 000 


382, 000 


, 678, 600 


12,927,400 


1879 


49, 092, 687 


1907.-. 


87, 455, 366 


1935-.. 


127, 521, 000 


61,500 


386, 200 


, 710, 300 


13, 096, 400 


1880 


50, 262, 382 


1908 . 


89, 073, 360 


1936... 


128, 429, 000 


62,000 


392, 500 


, 742, 000 


13,269,000 


1881 


51, 541, 575 


1909... 


90, 691, 354 


1937... 


129, 257, 000 


62,000 


399,000 


.774.000 


13, 439, 000 



No. 13. SEX DISTRIBUTION, BY CLASSES: CONTINENTAL UNITED STATUS 

NOTE. Figures for "All other" in 1930 include Mexicans; prior to 1930 Mexicans were classified for thi 
most part as white. See footnote 2, Table 14. 



Class 


1910 


1930 


1930 


Males per 100 
females 


Male 


Female 


Male 


Female 


Male 


Female 


1910 


1920 


1920 


All classes 
White 


47, 332, 277 


44, 639, 989 


53,900,431 


51, 810, 189 


62, 137, 080 


60, 637, 986 


106.0 


104. C 


102.5 


42, 178, 245 
4, 885, 881 
135, 133 
66, 856 
63, 070 
3,092 

34, 654, 457 
25, 229, 218 

9, 425, 239 
6, 456, 793 
2, 968, 446 
7, 523, 788 


39, 553, 712 
4,941,882 
130, 550 
4,675 
9,087 
83 

33,731,955 
24, 259, 357 

9, 472, 598 
6, 459, 518 
3, 013, 080 
5, 821, 757 


48, 430, 655 
5, 209, 436 
125,068 
53, 891 
72, 707 
8,674 

40, 902, 333 
29, 636, 781 

11,265,552 
7, 810, 531 
3, 455, 021 
7, 528, 322 


46, 390, 260 
5, 253, 695 

119,369 
7, 748 
38,303 
814 

40, 205, 828 
28, 785, 176 

11,420,652 
7, 884, 008 
3, 536, 644 
6, 184, 432 


55, 163, 854 
.5, 855, 669 
170, 350 
59. S02 

81,771 
805, 634 

48, 010, 145 
35, 460, 001 

12, 550, 144 
8, 438, 676 
4,111,468 
7, 153, 709 


53, 700, 353 
6, 035, 474 
162,047 
15, 152 

57, 063 
667, 877 

47, 487, 655 
34, 676, 613 

12, 811, 042 
8, 560, 545 
4, 250, 497 
6, 212, 698 


106.6 
98.9 
103. 5 
1,430.1 
694. 1 
(') 

102.7 
104.0 

99.5 
100.0 
98.5 
129.2 


104.4 
99.2 
104.8 

(><)f,. . r ) 
1X9. S 
1,065.6 

101.7 
103. 

98.6 
99.1 
97.7 
121.7 


102. 7 
97.0 
105. 1 
394. 7 
143.3 
120.6 

101.1 
102.3 

98.0 

98.6 
96.7 
115.1 


Negro 


Indian 


Chinese 


Japanese 


All other 


White population: 
Native, total 


Native parentage- 
Foreign or mixed 
parentage 
Foreign 


Mixed 


Foreign born... 





1860 


1870 


1880 


1890 


1900 


Total population: 
Male 


16, 085, 204 


19, 493, .565 


25, 518, 820 


32, 237, 101 


38, 816, 448 


Female 


15, 358, 117 


19, 064, 806 


24, 636, 963 


30, 710, 613 


37, 178, 127 


Males per 100 fe- 
males. .. 


104.7 


102.2 


103.6 


105.0 


104.4 



1 Ratio not shown, number of females beinj? less than 100. 

-Source of Tables 12 and 13: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 



POPULATION RACE 



11 



No. 14. RACE, NATIVITY, AND PARENTAGE: CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES 



Class 1870 1 


1880 1890 


1900 1910 


1920 


1930 


All classes 


38, 558, 371 

33, 589, 377 
4,880,009 


50, 155, 788 

43, 402, 970 
6, 580, 793 


62,947,714 

55. 101, 258 
7, 488, 676 


75, 994, 575 

66, 809, 196 
8,833,994 


91,972,266^05,710,620 
81,731,957 94,820,915 
9,827,763 10,463,131 


122,775,046 

108, 864, 207 
11, 891, 143 
1,422,533 
332,397 
74,954 
138.834 
50,978 

108, 570, 897 
14, 204, 149 

95, 497, 800 
70, 136, 614 
25, 361, 186 
16, 999, 221 
8, 361, 965 
13, 366, 407 

100.0 
88.7 
9.7 
1.2 
.3 
.1 
.1 
( s ) 
88.4 
1L6 

77.8 
57.1 
20.7 
13.8 
6.8 
10.9 

17, 064, 426 
16.1 

' 14, 743, 833 
15.7 
1, 428, 012 
13.6 
721,992 
103.1 
87,960 
36.0 
13, 315 
21.6 
27,824 
25.1 
41,490 
437.3 

16, 780, 969 
18.3 
283,457 
2.0 

' 14, 632, 820 
18.1 
11,714,657 
20.1 
8 2, 918, 163 
813.0 
? 1, 477, 386 
89.5 
' 1, 440, 777 
820.8 
f 111, 013 
80.8 


White J 


Negro - 


Mexican * 


Indian - 


3 25, 731 
63,199 
55 


66, 407 
105,465 
148 


248,253 
107,488 
2,039 


237,196 
89,863 
24,326 


265,683 
71,531 
72,157 
3,175 

78, 456, 380 
13, 515, 886 

68, 386, 412 
49, 488, 575 
18, 897, 837 
12, 916, 311 
5, 981, 526 
13, 345, 545 

100.0 
88.9 
10.7 


244,437 
61,639 
111, 010 
9,488 

91, 789, 928 
13, 920, 692 

81, 108, 161 
58. 421, 957 
22,686,204 
15, 694, 539 
6, 991, 665 
13, 712, 754 

100.0 

89.7 
9.9 


Chinese 


Japanese 


All other 4 


Native (all races) 


32, 991, 142 
5, 567, 229 

28,095,665 
22, 771, 397 
5,324,268 
4,167,098 
1, 157, 170 
5, 493, 712 

100.0 
87.1 
12.7 


43, 475, 840 
6, 679, 943 

36, 843, 291 
28,568,424 
8, 274, 867 
6, 363, 769 
1,911,098 
6, 559, 679 

100.0 
86.5 
13.1 


53,698,154 
9, 249, 560 

45, 979, 391 
34, 475, 716 
11, 503, 675 
8, 085, 019 
3, 418, 656 
9, 121, 867 

100.0 
87.5 
1L9 


65, 653, 299 
10, 341, 276 

56, 595, 379 
40, 949, 362 
15, 646, 017 
10, 632, 280 
5, 013, 737 
10, 213, 817 

100.0 
87.9 
1L6 


Foreign born 


Native white, total* 


Native parentage 


Foreign or mixed parentage- 
Foreign 


Mixed 


Foreign born, white 


Per cent of total 


White 2 


Negro . 


Mexican ' 


Indian 


.1 
.2 
( 5 ) 


.1 
.2 
W 


.4 

(') " 


.3 
.1 
O 


.3 
.1 
.1 
(*) 
85.3 
14.7 

74.4 
53.8 
20,5 
14.0 
6.5 
14.5 

15, 977, 691 
21.0 
14, 922, 761 
22.3 
993,769 
11.2 


.2 
.1 
.1 
(') 
86.8 
13.2 

76.7 
55.3 
21.5 
14.8 
6.6 
13.0 

13, 738, 354 
14.9 

13, 088, 958 
16.0 
635,368 
6.5 


Chinese 


Japanese 


All other 4 


Native (all races) 


85.6 
14.4 

72.9 
59.1 
13.8 
10.8 
3.0 
14.2 

7, 115, 050 
22.6 

6,666,840 
24.8 
438,179 
9.9 


86.7 
13.3 

73.5 
57.0 
16.5 
12.7 
3.8 
13.1 

11,597,412 
30.1 

9,813,593 
29.2 
1,700,784 
34.9 


85.3 
147 

73.0 

54.8 
18.3 
12.8 
5.4 
14.5 

7 12,466,487 
24.9 

11, 580, 920 
26.7 
889, 247 
13.5 


86.4 
13.6 

74.5 
53.9 
20.6 
14.0 
6.6 
13.4 

13, 0*6, 861 
20.7 

11,707,938 
21.2 
1, 345, 318 
18.0 


Foreign born 


Native white, total 


Native parentage . 


Foreign or mixed parentage- 
Foreign 


Mixed 


Foreign born white 


Increase over preceding census:* 
All classes 


Per cent 


White ' 


Per cent . 


Negro 


Per cent 


Mexican 


Percent. 














Indian 


-18,290 
-41.5 
28,266 
80.9 
55 


40,676 
158.1 
42,266 
66.9 
93 

(10) 


-7, 601 
-11.4 
2,010 
1.9 
1.891 
1,277.7 


-11,057 
-4.5 
-17,625 
-16.4 
22,287 
1, 093. 


28,487 
12.0 
-18,332 
-20.4 
47,831 
196.6 
3,175 


-21,246 
-8.0 
-9,892 
-13.8 
38,853 
53.8 
6,313 
198.8 

13, 333, 548 
17.0 
! 404, 806 
3.0 

12, 721, 749 
18.6 
8,933,382 
18.1 
3, 788. 367 
20.0 
2, 778. 228 
21.5 
1, 010, 139 
16.9 
367,209 
2.8 


Per cent 


Chinese 


Per cent 


Japanese 


Per cent . 


All other 4 




Percent 










Native (all races) 


5, 686, 518 
20.8 
1, 428, 532 
34.5 

5, 269, 881 
23.1 


10, 484, 698 
31.8 
1, 112, 714 
20.0 

8, 747, 626 
31.1 
5, 797. 027 
25.5 
2, 950, 599 
55.4 
2, 196, 671 
52.7 
753,928 
65.2 
1, 065, 967 
19.4 


9, 896, 863 
22.8 
2,569,604 
38.5 

9, 018. 732 
24.5 
5, 789. 924 
20.3 
3,228,808 
39.0 
1, 721, 250 
27.0 
1, 507, 558 
78.9 
2, 562, 188 
39.1 


11, 955, 145 
22.3 
1,091,716 
11.8 

10,615,988 
23.1 
6, 473, 646 
18.8 
4,142,342 
36.0 
2, 547, 261 
31.5 
1, 595, 081 
46.7 
1, 091, 950 
12.0 


12,803,081 
19.5 
3,174,610 
30.7 

11,791,033 
20.8 
8, 539. 213 
20.9 
3, 251, 820 
20.8 
2,284,031 
21.5 
967, 789 
19.3 
3, 131, 728 
30.7 


Percent . . 


Foreign born 


Per cent 


Native white, total 


Per cent 


Native parentage 


Per cent 




Foreign or mixed parentage- 
Per cent 






Fo.eign 




Per cent... 




Mixed 




Per cent 




Foreign born, white 


1, 396, 959 
34.1 


Per cent 





1 Enumeration in Southern States incomplete; this affects especially figures for the negro population. 

2 White population includes Mexicans prior to 1930. The estimated number of Mexicans included in 
the white classification in 1920 was as follows: Total, 700,541; native white, 243,181 (172,704 of foreign parent- 
age and 70,477 of mixed parentage); foreign-born white, 457,360. For close comparison with 1930, adjusted 
figures for 1920 may be obtained by deducting these from the white population as reported in 1920. 

3 Exclusive of Indians in Indian Territory and on Indian reservations, not enumerated prior to 1890. 

4 Comprises Filipinos, Hindus, Koreans, Hawaiians, Malays, Siamese, Samoans, and Maoris. 
s Less than one-tenth of 1 per cent. * A minus sign ( ) denotes decrease. 

7 Exclusive of 325,464 persons (117,368 whites, 18,636 Negroes, 189,447 Indians, and 13 Chinese), specially 
enumerated in 1890 hi Indian Territory and on Indian reservations. 
6 Increase over figures adjusted for 1920 on account of Mexicans. See footnote 2. 
Increase over estimated number in 1920. Per cent not shown where base is less than 100. 
Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 



12 



POPULATION SEX AND EACE 

No. 15. SEX DISTRIBUTION BY RACE 



Division and State 


Total population 


1930 


1930 


1930 


Native white 


Foreign- 
born 
white 


Male 


Female 


Male 


Female 


Males 

lOOfe- 
males 


Male 


Female 


Males 
per 
100 fe- 
males 


Malo 


Continental 
United States. 

New England 


53, 900, 431 


51,810,189 


82,137,080 


60, 837, 988 


102.5 


48, 010, 145 


47,487,655 


101.1 


7,153,709 


3, 872, 591 

388,752 
222, 112 
178, 854 
1, 890, 014 
297,524 
695, 335 

11,206,445 
5, 187, 350 
1, 590, 075 
4, 429, 020 

11,035,041 
2, 955, 980 
1, 489, 074 
3, 304, 833 
1, 928, 436 
1, 356, 718 

8,459,067 
1, 245, 537 
1, 229, 392 
1, 723, 319 
341, 673 
337, 120 
672, 805 
909,221 

7, 035, 843 
113, 755 
729, 455 
203,543 

1, 168, 492 
763, 100 
1, 279, 062 
838,293 
1, 444, 823 
495, 320 

4, 471, 690 
1, 227, 494 
1, 173, 967 
1, 173, 105 
897, 124 

5, 285, 829 
895,228 
903, 335 
1, 068, 044 
2, 409, 222 

1, 789, 299 
299,941 
233, 919 
110,359 
492, 731 
190,456 
183,602 
232,051 
46,240 

2,964,828 
734, 701 
416, 334 
1, 813, 591 


8, 728, 318 
379, 262 
220, 971 
173, 574 
1, 962, 342 
306, 873 
685,296 

11, 054, 699 
5, 197, 877 
1, 565, 825 
4, 290, 997 

10, 440, 502 
2, 803, 414 
1,441,316 
3, 180, 447 
1, 739, 976 
1, 275, 349 

6, 085, 182 
1, 141, 588 
1, 174, 629 
1, 680, 736 
305, 199 
299,427 
623, 567 
860, 036 

6, 954, 429 
109,248 
720,206 
234, 028 

1, 140, 695 
700,601 
1, 280, 061 
845, 431 
1, 451, 009 
473, 150 

4, 421, 617 
1, 189, 136 
1, 163, 918 
1, 175, 061 
893, 494 

4, 978, 395 
856, 976 
895, 174 
970, 239 
2, 254, 006 

1, 546, 802 
248, 948 
197, 947 
84,043 
446, 898 
169, 894 
150,560 
217, 345 
31, 167 

2, 802, 245 
621, 920 
367, 055 
1, 613, 270 


4, 024, 657 
401, 285 
231, 759 
183, 266 
2, 071, 672 
335, 372 
801,303 

13, 188, 681 
6, 312, 520 
2, 030, 644 
4, 845, 517 

12, 904, 783 
3, 361, 141 
1, 640, 061 
3, 873, 457 
2, 519, 309 
1, 510, 815 

6, 785, 442 
1, 316, 571 
1, 255, 101 
1, 822, 866 
359, 615 
363, 650 
706, 348 
961, 291 

7, 880, 634 
121, 257 
821, 009 
231,883 

1, 216, 046 
889, 871 
1, 575, 208 
853, 158 
1, 434, 527 
737, 675 

4, 947, 502 
1, 322, 793 
1, 304, 559 
1,315,009 
1, 005, 141 

8, 186, 924 
939, 843 
1, 047, 823 
1, 233, 264 
2, 965, 994 

1, 949, 798 
293,228 
237, 347 
124, 785 
530, 752 
219, 222 
231,304 
259,999 
53, 161 

4, 268, 659 
826, 392 
499, 672 
2, 942, 595 


4, 141, 684 
396, 138 
233, 534 
176, 345 
2, 177, 942 
352, 125 
805,600 

13, 072, 069 

6, 275, 546 
2, 010, 690 
4, 785, 833 

12, 392, 402 

3, 285, 556 
1, 598, 442 
3, 757, 197 
2, 323, 016 
1, 428, 191 

6,511,478 

1, 247, 382 
1, 215, 838 
1, 806, 501 
321, 230 
329, 199 
671, 615 
919, 708 

7, 912, 955 
117, 123 
810, 517 
254, 986 

1, 205, 805 
839, 334 
1, 595, 068 
885, 607 
1, 473, 979 
730, 536 

4, 939, 712 
1, 291, 796 
1,311,997 
1, 331, 239 
1, 004, 680 

5, 989, 906 
914, 639 
1, 053, 770 
1, 162, 776 
2, 858, 721 

1,751,991 
244, 378 
207, 685 
100,780 
505, 039 
204,095 
204, 2C9 
247,848 
37, 897 

8, 925, 774 
737,004 
4.54, 114 
2, 734, 666 


97.2 
101.3 
99.2 
103.9 
95.1 
95.2 
99.5 

100.9 
100.6 
101.0 

101.2 

104.1 
102.3 
102.6 
103.1 
108.4 
105.8 

104.2 
105.5 
103.2 
100.9 
111.9 
110.5 
105.2 
104.5 

99.8 

103.5 
101.3 
90.9 

100.8 
106.0 
98.8 
96.3 
97.3 
101.0 

100.2 
102.4 
99.4 
98.8 
100.0 

108.3 
102.8 
99.4 
106.1 
103.8 

111.8 
120.0 
114.3 
123.8 
105.1 
107.4 
113.2 
104.9 
140.3 

108.7 
112.1 
110.0 
107.6 


8, 067, 723 

349, 764 
189, 967 
160, 080 
1, 532, 751 
246, 989 
588, 172 

9, 879, 094 
4, 441, 330 
1, 481, 862 
3, 955, 902 

10,605,117 

2, 845, 524 
1, 498, 772 
3, 027, 347 
1, 951, 137 
1, 282, 337 

5, 976, 171 
1, 085, 126 
1, 151, 068 
1, 625, 545 
294, 141 
313,906 
630, 013 
876, 372 

ft, 541, 147 
94, 919 
629,427 
153, 330 

879, 949 
795, 879 
1, 115, 181 
470, 192 
912, 606 
489, 664 

3, 610, 047 

1, 196, 873 
1, 064, 404 
848, 196 
500, 574 

4, 555, 245 
696, 255 
644, 305 
1, 079, 456 
2, 135, 229 

1, 566, 710 

236, 894 
214, 007 
105. 264 
443, 117 
166, 993 
132, 145 
229, 578 
38,712 

3, 208, 891 
658, 330 
427, 154 
2, 123, 407 


3, 163, 080 
345, 051 
191, 723 
155, 824 
1, 605, 539 
259, 313 
605, 630 

10, 023, 968 
4, 517, 414 
1, 502, 905 
4, 003, 649 

10,448,622 
2, 841, 461 
1, 482, 230 
3, 020, 856 
1, 858, 766 
1, 245, 309 

5, 888, 039 
1, 065, 553 
1, 131, 579 
1, 623, 952 
271, 9.54 
289, 899 
608, 343 
846, 759 

5, 503, 859 
93, 890 
629, 650 
170, 652 

866, 636 
766, 535 
1, 110, 979 
468, 582 
910,451 
486, 484 

3, 556, 902 
1, 169, 651 
1, 061, 149 
836, 869 
489, 233 

4, 374, 604 
668, 478 
638, 945 
1, 017, 215 
2, 049, 86fi 

1, 448, 982 
207, 472 
193, 101 
89, 145 
432, 594 
156,905 
116,642 
222, 605 
30, 438 

8, 129, 719 
618, 513 
404, 400 
2, 106, 806 


97.0 
101.4 
99.1 
102.7 
95.5 
95.2 
97.1 

98.6 
98.3 
98.6 
98.8 

101.5 
100.1 
101.1 
100.2 
105.0 
103.0 

102.4 
101.8 
101.7 
100.1 
108.2 
108.3 
103.6 
103.5 

100.7 
101.1 
100.0 
89.8 

101.5 
103.8 
100.4 
100.3 
100.2 
100.7 

101.5 
102.3 
100.3 
101.4 
102.3 

104.1 
104.2 
100.8 
106.1 
104.2 

108.1 
114.2 
110.8 
118.1 
102.4 
106.4 
113.3 
103.1 
127.2 

102.5 

106.4 
105. 6 
100.8 


904, 742 
50, 299 
41, 160 
22, 824 
509, 462 
83,151 
197, 846 

2, 761, 740 
1, 653, 170 
443, 132 
665, 438 

1, 766, 458 
351, 985 

76, 957 
657, 937 
464, 902 
214, 677 

591, 094 
217, 983 
92,129 
81, 299 
60, 378 
37, 665 
63,386 
38, 254 

170, 300 

9,281 
50, 2H6 
15, 652 

13, 701 
32, 864 
5,089 
3,120 
8,175 
32, 152 

83, 359 

12, 292 
7,394 
9, 326 
4,347 

97, 820 
6,006 
20,376 
15, 544 
55, 394 

189, 997 
44, 899 
18, 947 
12, 439 
48,004 
4,755 
9,392 
22, 978 
8,583 

658, 699 
142, 594 
62, 078 
454, 027 


Maine 


New Hampshire . 
Vermont 


Massachusetts 
Rhode Island 
Connecticut 


Middle Atlantic. .. 
New York 


New Jersey 
Pennsylvania 

East North Central - 
Ohio 


Indiana 


Illinois 


Michigan.. 


Wisconsin 


West North Central- 
Minnesota 


Iowa 


Missouri 


North Dakota... 
South Dakota 
Nebraska 


Kansas 


South Atlantic 


Delaware 


Maryland.. 


District of Co- 
lumbia. 
Virginia 


West Virginia 
North Carolina. _ 
South Carolina.. 
Georgia 


Florida.. 


East South Central. . 
Kentucky 


Tennessee 


Alabama 


Mississippi 


West South Central. 
Arkansas 


Louisiana 


Oklahoma 


Texas 


Mountain 


Montana 


Idaho 


Wyoming 


Colorado 


New Mexico 
Arizona 


Utah... 


Nevada 


Pacific- 


Washington 
Oregon... 


California 





Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 



POPULATION SEX AND RACE 
AND NATIVITY, BY STATES 



13 



1930 Continued 


Foreign-born 
white Contd. 


Negro 


Mexican 


Indian 


Chinese 


Japanese 






Males 






Males 


















and State 


Female 


per 
100 fe- 


Male 


Female 


100 fe- 


Male 


Fe- 
male 


Male 


Fe- 
male 


Male 


Fe- 
male 


Male 


Fe- 
male 






males 






males 




















6, 212, 698 


115.1 


5,855,669 


6,035,474 


97.0 


758, 674 


683,859 


170, 350 


162, 047 


59,802 


15, 152 


81,771 


57,063 


U.S. 


929, 568 


97.3 


46,983 


47,123 


99.7 


69 


38 


1, 273 1, 193 


3,233 


561 


277 


75 


U.E. 


50,069 


100.5 


597 


499 


119.6 




2 


518 


494 


93 


22 


2 


1 


Me. 


41,500 


99.2 


524 


266 


197.0 




1 


33 


31 


71 


13 






N.H. 


20, 237 


112.8 


310 


258 


120.2 




1 


20 


16 


29 


5 


1 




Vt 


545, 174 


93.4 


26,097 


26,268 


99.3 


43 


23 


458 


416 


2,530 


443 


151 


50 


Mass. 


87,563 


95.0 


4,862 


5,051 


96.3 


6 


4 


154 


164 


170 


27 


15 


2 


R.I. 


185,025 106.9 


14, 573 


14, 781 


98.6 


20 


7 


90 


72 


340 


51 


108 


22 


Conn. 


2, 507, 302 


110.1 


520, 826 


532, 073 


97.9 


4,550 


2,207 


4,012 


3,697 


12,503 


1,502 


2,740 


922 


M. A. 


1, 538, 379 


107.5 


199.485 


213, 329 


93.5 


1,879 


1,019 


3,584 


3,389 


8,649 


1,016 


2,201 


729 


N.Y. 


401, 310 


110.4 


102, 929 


105, 899 


97.2 


295 


159 


123 


90 


1,608 


175 


322 


117 


N.J. 


567, 613 


117.2 


218,412 212,845 


102.6 


2,376 


1,029 


305 


218 


2,246 


311 


217 


76 


Pa. 


1, 457, 466 


121.2 


475, 368, 455, 082 


104.5 


37,907 


20,410 


10,448 


9,371 


5,421 


919 


755 


287 


E. N. C. 


292,166 


120.5 


159, 128 


150, 176 


106.0 


2,806 


1, 23li 252 


183 


1,168 


257 


131 


56 


Ohio. 


58,177 


132.3 


57,068 


54,914 


103.9 


6,708 


2,934 


158 


127 


247 


32 


53 


18 


Ind. 


560,221 


117.4 


164,425 


164,547 


99.9 


18, 216 


10,690 


250 


219 


2,796 


396 


414 


150 


111. 


375, 366 


123.9 


88,936 


80,517 


110.5 


8,529 


4,807 


3,835 


3,245 


902 


179 


138 


38 


Mich. 


171, 536 


125.1 


5,811 


4,928 


117.9 


1,648 


748 


5,951 


5,597 


308 


55 


19 


5 


Wis. 


468, 183 


126.3 


187, 550 


164,234 


102.0 


22,925 


16, 880 


24,848 


23,397 


1,431 


307 


662 


341 


W. N. C. 


170, 311 
73,606 


128.0 
125.2 


5, 005! 4, 440 
8, 987 8, 393 


112.7 
107.1 


2,069 
2,380 


1,557 
1,915 


5,691 
349 


5,386 
311 


422 
126 


102 

27 


51 
16 


18 
3 


Minn. 
Iowa. 


68,091 


119.4 


111,929 


1111,911 


100.0 


2,834 


2,155 


336 


242 


521 


113 


80 


14 


Mo. 


44,770 


134.9 


243 


134 


181. 3 


376 


232 


4,293 


4,094 


93 


10 


60 


31 


N.Dak. 


27,983 


134.6 


343 


303 


113.2 


481 


335 


11, 172 


10,661 


64 


6 


11 


8 


S.Dak. 


51,960 


122.0 


7,063 


6,689 


105.6 


3,585 


2,736 


1,674 


1,582 


152 


42 


414 


260 


Nebr. 


31,462 


121.6 


33,980 


32,364 


105.0 


11,200 


7,950 


1,333 


1,121 


53 


7 


30 


7 


Kans. 


133, 978 


127.1 


2,156,5312,264,857 


95.2 


425 


268 


9,657 


9,403 


1,477 


392 


278 


115 


S.A. 


7,604 


122.1 


16,983 


15,619 108.7 


24 




3 


2 


32 


6 


8 




Del. 


44,827 


112.1 


140,506 


135,873 103.4 


38 


18 


134 


16 


389 


103 


27 


11 


Md. 


14,280 


109.6 


62, 225 


69, 843 89. 1 


41 


26 


17 


23 


305 


93 


50 


28 


D.C. 


10, 119 


135.4 


321, 545 


328,620 


97.8 


20 


16 


436 


343 


239 


54 


37 


6 


Va. 


18,656 


176.2 


60,873 


54,020 


112.7 


155 


102 


15 


3 


74 


12 


6 


3 


W.Va. 


3,699 


137.6 


446,500 


472, 147 


94.6 


8 


2 


8.353 


8,226 


59 


9 


11 


6 


N.C. 


2,146 


145.4 


379, 300 


414, 381 


91.5 


4 


5 '474 


485 


38 


3 


11 


4 


s.c. 


5,742 


142.4 


513, 451 


557, 674 


92.1 


38 


9 


26 


17 


181 


72 


23 


9 


Ga. 


26,905 119.5 


215, 148 


216,680 


99.3 


97 


88 


299 


288 


160 


40 


105 


48 


Fla. 


24,306 


137 2 


1,301,552 


1,356,836 


95.9 


790 


6is! 1,072 


i 1,034 


589 


154 


32 


14 


E. S. C. 


9,548 


128.7 


113,501 


112, 539 


100.9 


53 


35 


16 


6 


47 


13 






Ky. 


5,672 


130.4 


232,569 


245, 077 


94.9 


16 


8 


85 


76 


60 


10 


8 


3 


Tenn. 


6,384 


146.1 


457, 144 


487,690 


93.7 


27 




228 


237 


44 


8 


16 


9 


Ala. 


2,702 


160.9 


498,338 


511. 380 


97.4 


694 


527 


743 


715 


438 


123 


1 




Miss. 




























72, 912 


133. 5 1,125,508'1,156,443 


97.3 


358, 151 


337,845 


48,270 


47,400 


1,237 


345 


432 


255 


W. S. C. 


4,167 


144.1 


236,909 


241,554 


98.1 


248 


161 


210 


198 


186 


65 


9 


j 


Ark. 


14,534 


140.2 


379, 173 


397, 153 


95.5 


2,391 


2,160 


800 


736 


327 


95 


33 


19 


La. 


11,209 138.7 


86,818| 85,380 


101.7 


4,434 


2,920 46,744 


45, 981 


178 


28 


67 


37 


Okla. 


43,002 


128.8 


422,608 


432, 356 


97.7 


351, 077J332, 604 


516 


485 


546 


157 


323 


196 


Tex. 


117,917 144.2 
28,062! 160.0 


16,312 13,913 
710! 546 


117.2 
130.0 


132,905116,409 
1,766 805 


52,534 
7,664 


49, 549 
7,134 


2,675 
427 


577 
59 


7,036 
510 


4,382 
243 


Mt. 
Mont. 


11,507 


164.7 


395 


273 


144.7 


907 


371 


1,833 


1,805 


295 


40 


847 


574 


Idaho. 


7,219 
37, 402 


172.3 
128.3 


699 
5,739 


551 
6,089 


126.9 
94.3 


4,582 
30,824 


2,592 
26,852 


982 
748 


863 
647 


113 
195 


17 
38 


645 

1,847 


381 
1,366 


Wyo. 

Colo. 


3,042 


156.3 


1,531 


1,319 


116.1 


30,775 


28,565 


14.864 


14,077 


108 


25 


157 


92 


N.MCX. 


6,199 


151.5 


6, 352! 4, 397 


144.5 


59,102 


55,07l| 22; 471 


21, 255 


845 


265 


532 


347 


Ariz. 


20,794 


110.5 


609 


499 


122.0 


2,728 


1,284 


1,516 


1,353 


282 


60 


2,056 


1,213 


Utah. 


3,692 


232.5 


277 


239 


115.9 


2,221 


869 


2,456 


2,415 


410 


73 


442 


166 


Nev. 


501,086 
101, 662 


131.5 
140.3 


45,059 
3,797 


45,083 
3,043 


100.0 
124.8 


200,952 

477 


169, 191 
85 


18,238 
5,778 


17,003 
5,475 


31,236 
1,723 


10, 395 
472 


69. 559 50, 692 
10.200 7.637 


Pac. 

Wash. 


43, 397 


143. 01 1, 2101 1, 024 


118.2 


1,247 


321 


2,442 


2,334 


1,525 


550) 2i919i 039 


Oreg. 


356,007 


127.5 


40, 052 40, 996 


97. 7 199, 228 


168,7851 10,018 


9,194 


27,988 


9,373 


56, 440 41, 016 


Calif. 



14 



POPULATION RACE 



NOTE. Figures for "All other' 



No. 16. POPULATION: 

include Mexicans in 1930; prior to 1930, Mexicans were classified for the 

white popula 



Division and State 


1880 


18901 


1900 


White 


Negro 


All 
other 2 


White 


Negro 


All 
other 


White 


Negro 


Continental United 
States. 

New England. 


43, 402, 970 


8, 580, 793 


172, 020 


55, 101, 258 


7,488,676 


357, 780 


66, 809, 196 


8, 833, 994 


3, 968, 789 
646, 852 
346, 229 
331, 218 
1, 763, 782 
269, 939 
610, 769 

10, 305, 055 
5,016,022 
1,092,017 
4, 197, 016 

11,012,047 
3, 117, 920 
1, 938, 798 
3,031,151 
1,614,560 
1, 309, 618 

5, 949, 876 
776,884 
1, 614, 600 
2, 022, 826 
36, 192 
96, 955 
449, 764 
952, 155 

4,654,112 
120, 160 
724, 693 
118,006 
880, 858 
592, 537 
867, 242 
391, 105 
816,906 
142,605 

3, 657, 593 
1, 377, 179 
1, 138, 831 
662, 185 
479, 398 

2, 243, 722 
591, 531 
454, 954 


39, 925 
1,451 
685 
1,057 
18, 697 
6,488 
11,547 

189, 492 
65,104 
38,853 
85, 535 

183, 298 
79,900 
39,228 
46, 368 
15,100 
2,702 

202, 323 
1,564 
9,516 
145, 350 
113 
288 
2,385 
43, 107 

2, 941, 202 
26,442 
210, 230 
59,596 
631, 616 
25,886 
531, 277 
604,332 
725, 133 
126, 690 

1, 924, 996 
271,451 
403, 151 
600, 103 
650,291 

1, 087, 705 
210, 666 
483,655 


1,815 
633 
77 
11 
606 
104 
384 

2,331 
1,745 
246 
340 

11,323 

242 
275 
352 
7,277 
3,177 

5,744 
2,325 
499 
204 
604 
1,025 
253 
834 

1,883 
6 
20 
22 
91 
34 
1,231 
140 
141 
198 

2,562 
60 
377 
217 
1,908 

2,793 
328 
1,337 


4, 653, 191 
659, 263 
375,840 
331, 418 
2, 215, 373 
337, 859 
733, 438 

12, 468, 794 
5, 923, 955 
1, 396, 581 
5, 148, 258 

13, 253, 725 
3, 584, 805 
2, 146, 736 
3, 768, 472 
2, 072, 884 
1, 680, 828 

8, 880, 088 
1, 296, 408 
1, 901, 090 
2, 528, 458 
182, 407 
328, 010 
1, 047, 096 
1, 376, 619 

5, 592, 149 
140, 066 
826, 493 
154, 695 
1, 020, 122 
730, 077 
1,055,382 
462, 008 
978, 357 
224, 949 

4, 305, 688 
1, 590, 462 
1, 336, 637 
833, 718 
544, 851 

3, 295, 838 
818, 752 
558, 395 
172, 554 
1, 745, 935 

1,117,383 
127, 690 
82, 117 
59, 324 
404, 534 
142, 918 
55, 734 
205, 925 
39, 121 

1, 754, 844 
340, 829 
301, 982 
1,111,833 


44, 580 
1,190 
614 
937 
22, 144 
7, 393 
12,302 

225, 828 
70, 092 
47,638 
107, 596 

207, 023 

87,113 
45, 215 
57, 028 
15, 223 
2,444 

224, 089 
3,683 
10,685 
150, 184 
373 
541 
8,913 
49, 710 

8, 262, 690 

28, 386 
215, 657 
75, 572 
635, 438 
32,690 
561,018 
688, 934 
858, 815 
166, 180 

2, 119, 797 

268, 071 
430, 678 
678, 489 
742, 559 

1, 378, 090 
309, 117 
559, 193 
21,609 
488, 171 

12, 971 
1,490 
201 
922 
6,215 
1,956 
1,357 
588 
242 

14, 110 
1,602 
1,186 
11,322 


2,978 
633 
76 
67 
1,430 
254 
518 

12,100 
9, 127 
714 
2,259 

17, 557 
411 
453 
852 
5,783 
10, 058 

47, 935 
10, 192 
522 
543 
8,203 
20,049 
6,647 
1,779 

3,083 
41 
240 
125 
420 
27 
1,549 
207 
181 
293 

3,689 
102 
203 
1,194 
2,190 

87, 257 
342 
1,000 
64, 494 
1,421 

83, 801 
13, 744 
6,230 
2,309 
2,500 
15, 408 
31, 152 
4,266 
7,992 

119, 580 

14, 801 
14, 536 
90,243 


5, 527, 026 
692, 226 
410, 791 
342, 771 
2, 769, 764 
419, 050 
892, 424 

15,110,862 

7, 156, 881 
1, 812, 317 
6, 141, 664 

15, 710, 053 

4, 060, 204 
2, 458, 502 
4, 734, 873 
2, 398, 563 
2, 057, 911 

10, 065, 817 
1, 737, 036 
2, 218, 667 
2, 944, 843 
311,712 
380, 714 
1, 056, 526 
1, 416, 319 

6, 706, 058 

i!53, 977 
952, 424 
191, 532 
1, 192, 855 
915, 233 
1, 263, 603 
557, 807 
1, 181, 294 
297, 333 

5, 044, 847 
1, 862, 309 
1, 540, 186 
1,001, 152 
641,200 

4, 771, 085 
944, 580 
729, 612 
670, 204 
2, 426, 669 

1, 579, 855 
226, 283 
154, 495 
89, 051 
529,046 
180, 207 
92,903 
272, 465 
35,405 

2, 293, 813 
496, 304 
394, 582 
1, 402, 727 


59, 099 
1,319 
662 
826 
31, 974 
9, 09L>! 
15, 226 

325, 921 

99, 2i'2 
69, 844 
156, 845 

257, 842 
96, 901 
57, 505 
85, 078 
15, 816 
2,542 

237, 909 

4,959 
12, 693 
161, 234 
286 
465 
6,269 
52,003 

3, 729, 017 
30, 697 
235, 064 
86, 702 
660, 722 
43,499 
624, 469 
782, 321 
1, 034, 813 
230, 730 

2, 499, S86 

284, 706 
480, 243 
827, 307 
907, 630 

1, 694, 066 
366, 856 
650,804 
55,684 
620, 722 

15, 590 
1,523 
293 
940 
8, 570 
1,610 
1,848 
672 
134 

14, 664 
2, 514 
1, 105 
11, 045 


Maine 


New Hampshire 


Vfirmnnt, 


M assachusetts 


Rhode Island .. 


Connecticut 


Mid die Atlantic.. . 


New York 


New Jersey 


Pennsylvania 


East North Central 


Ohio . 


Indiana 


Illinois 


Michigan 


Wisconsin 


West North Central 


Minnesota 


Iowa 


Missouri 


North Dakota 


South Dakota- 


Nebraska 


Kansas 


South Atlantic 


Delaware 


Maryland 


District of Columbia -. 
Virginia 


West Virginia 


North Carolina 


South Carolina 


Georgia 


Florida 


East South Central 


Kentucky 


Tennessee 


Alabama. . 


Mississippi 


West South Central... . 


Arkansas 


Louisiana 


Oklahoma 3 


Texas 


1, 197, 237 

614, 821 
35,385 
29, 013 
19, 437 
191, 126 
108, 721 
35,160 
142, 423 
53,556 

997, 455 
67,199 
163, 075 
767, 181 


393, 384 

5,022 
346 
53 

298 
2,435 
1,015 
155 
232 
488 

6,830 
325 
487 
6,018 


1,128 

33,276 

3,428 
3,544 
1,054 
766 
9,829 
5,125 
1,308 
8,222 

110,293 
7,592 
11,206 
91, 495 


Mountain 


Montana 


Idaho. 


Wyoming 


Colorado 


New Mexico. 


Arizona 


Utah. 


Nevada 


Pacific. 


Washington 


Oregon - 


California 





1 Includes population specially enumerated in Indian Territory and on Indian reservations. 

'* Exclusive of Indians in Indian Territory and on Indian reservations, not enumerated at censuses prior 

Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 



POPULATION RACE 



15 



RACE, BY STATES 

most part as white. 8e footnote 2, Table 14, for the estimated number of Mexicans included in the 
tion of 1920 



1900 

Contd. 


1910 


1920 


1930 












Division 






















and State 


All 
other 


White 


Negro 


All 
other 


White 


Negro 


All 
other 


White 


Negro 


All 
other 




351, 385 


81, 731, 957 


9,827,763 


412, 546 


94, 820, 915 


10, 463, 131 


426, 574 


108, 864, 207 


11, 891, 143 


2, 019, 696 


U.S. 


5,892 


6, 480, 514 


66,306 


5,861 


7, 316, 079 


79, 051 


5,779 


8,065,113 


94,086 


7,142 


N.E. 


921 


739, 995 


1,363 


1,013 


765, 695 


1,310 


1,009 


795, 183 


1,096 


1,144 


Me. 


135 


429,906 


564 


102 


442,331 


621 


131 


464,350 


790 


153 


N. H. 


44 


354,298 


1,621 


37 


351,817 


572 


39 


358,965 


568 


78 


Vt. 


3,608 


3, 324, 926 


38,055 


3,435 


3, 803, 524 


45,466 


3,366 


4, 192, 926 


52,365 


4,323 


Mass. 


414 


532,492 


9,529 


589 


593,980 


10,036 


381 


677, 016 


9,913 


568 


R. I. 


770 


1, 098, 897 


15, 174 


685 


1, 358, 732 


21,046 


853 


1, 576, 673 


29,354 


876 


Conn. 


17, 895 


18, 880, 452 


417, 870 


17, 570 21, 641, 840 


600,183 


19, 121 


25, 172, 104 


1, 052, 899 


35, 747 


M. A. 


12, 781 


8, 966, 845 


134, 191 


12, 578 10, 172, 027 


198,483 14,717 


12, 150, 293 


412, 814 


24,959 


N.Y. 


1,508 


2, 445, 894 


89,760 1,5131 3,037,087 


117, 132 1, 681 


3, 829, 209 


208,828 


3,297 


N.J. 


3,606 


7, 467, 713 


193,9191 3,479 8,432,726 


284,568 


2,723 


9, 192, 602 


431, 257 


7,491 


Pa. 


17, 688 


17, 927, 622 


300, 836! 22, 163 20, 938, 882 


514,554 


22, 127 


24, 277, 663 


930,450 


89, 072 


E. N. C. 


440 


4, 654, 897 


lll,452i 772 


5, 571, 893 


186, 187 


1,314 


6, 331, 136 


309,304 


6,257 


Ohio. 


455 


2, 639, 961 


60,320 


595 


2, 849, 071 


80,810 


509 


3, 116, 136 


111, 982 


10,385 


Ind. 


1,599 


5, 526, 962 


109,049 


2,580 


6,299,333 


182, 274 


3,673 


7, 266, 361 


328,972 


35,321 


111. 


6,603 


2, 785, 247 


17, 115 


7,811 


3, 601, 627 


60,082 


6,703 


4, 650, 171 


169, 453 


22,701 


Mich. 


8,589 


2, 320, 555 


2,900 


10,405 


2, 616, 938 


5,201 


9,928 


2, 913, 859 


10, 739 


14,408 


Wis. 


43, 897 


11,351,621 


242, 662 


43,638 


12, 225, 387 


278, 521 


40,341 


12, 873, 487 


331, 784 


91,644 


W. N. C 


9,399 


2, 059, 227 


7,084 


9,397 


2, 368, 936 


8,809 


9,380 


2, 538, 973 


9,445 


15,535 


Minn. 


493 


2, 209, 191 


14, 973 


607 


2, 384, 181 


19,005 


835 


2,448,382 


17,380 


5,177 


Iowa. 


588 


3, 134, 932 


157, 452 


951 


3,225,044 


178, 241 


770 


3, 398, 887 


223,840 


6,640 


Mo. 


7,148 


569,855 


617 


6,584 


639,954 


467 


6,451 


671,243 


377 


9,225 


N.Dak. 


20,391 


563,771 


817 


19,300 


619, 147 


832 


16,568 


669,453 


646 


22,750 


S. Dak. 


3,505 


1, 180, 293 


7,689 


4,232 


1, 279, 219 


13, 242 


3,911 


1, 353, 702 


13, 752 


10,509 


Nebr. 


2,173 


1, 634, 352 


54,030 


2,567 


1, 708, 906 


57,925 


2,426 


1, 792, 847 


66,344 


21,808 


Kans, 


8,405 


8, 071, 603 


4,112,488 


10,804 


9, 648, 940 


4, 325, 120 


18, 212 


11, 349, 284 


4, 421, 388 


22, 917 


S.A. 


61 


171, 102 


31, 181 


39 


192, 615 


30, 335 53 


205,694 


32,602 


84 


Del. 


556 


1, 062, 639 


232,250 


457 


1, 204, 737 


244, 479 445 


1, 354, 170 


276, 379 


977 


Md. 


484 


236,128 


94,446 


495 


326,860 


109, 966 745 


353, 914 


132,068 


887 


D. C. 


607 


1, 389, 809 


671,096 


707 


1, 617, 909 


690, 017 1, 261 


1, 770, 405 


650,165 


1,281 


Va. 


68 


1, 156, 817 


64,173 


129 


1, 377, 235 


86, 345 121 


1, 613, 934 


114, 893 


378 


W. Va. 


5,738 


1,500,511 


697, 843 


7,933 


1, 783, 779 


763,407 11,937 


2, 234, 948 


918, 647 


16,681 


N. C. 


188 


679, 161 


835,843 


396 


818,538 


864,719 


467 


944,040 


793, 681 


1,044| S. C. 


224 


1,431,802 


1, 176, 987 


332 


1, 689, 114 


1, 206, 365 


353 


1, 836, 974 


1, 071, 125 


407 Ga. 


479 


443,634 


308,669 


316 


638,153 


329,487 


830 


1, 035, 205 


431,828 


1,178 


Fla. 


3,024 


5, 754, 328 


2, 652, 518 


3,062 


8, 387, 547 


2, 523, 532 


2,228 


7, 224, 614 


2, 658, 238 


4,362 


E.S.C. 


159 


2, 027, 951 


261,656 


298 


2, 180, 560 


235,938 


132 


2,388,364 


226,040 


185 


Ky. 


187 


1, 711, 432 


473,088 


269 


1, 885, 993 


451, 758 


134 


2, 138, 619 


477.646 


291 


Tenn. 


238 


1, 228, 832 


908,282 


979 


1,447.032 


900,652 


490 


1, 700, 775 


944,834 


639 


Ala. 


2,440 


786, 111 


1, 009, 487 


1,516 


853, 962 


935, 184 


1,472 


996,856 


1, 009, 718 


3,247 


Miss. 


67, 159 


6, 721, 491 


1,984,426 


78, 617 


8,115,727 


2,063,579 62,918 


9, 099, 981 


2,281,951 


794,898 


W. S. C 


128 


1, 131, 026 


442,891 


532 


1, 279, 757 


472, 2201 227 


1, 374, 906 


478,463 


1,113 


Ark. 


1,209 


941,086 


713, 874 


1,428 


1,096,611 


700,257 


1,641 


1, 318, 160 


776, 326 


7,107 


La. 


64,503 


1,444,531 


137, 612 


75, 012 


1,821,194 


149,408 


57,681 


2, 123, 424 


172, 198 


100, 418 


Okla.3 


1,319 


3,204,848 


690,049 


1, 6451 3, 918, 165 


741, 694 


3,369 


4, 283, 491 


854,964 


686,260 


Tot 


79, 212 


2,520,455 


21,467 


91,595 3,212,899 


30, 801 


92,401 


3, 303, 586 


30, 225 


367, 978 


Mt. 


15,523 


360,580 


1,834 


13,639 


534,260 


1,658 


12, 971 


517, 327 


1,256 


19,023 


Mont. 


6,984 


319, 221 


651 


5,722 


425,668 


920 


5,278 


437, 562 


668 


6,802 


Idaho, 


2,540 


140, 318 


2,235 


3,412 


190,146 


1,375 


2,881 


214, 067 


1,250 


10, 248 


Wyo. 


2,084 


783, 415 


11,453 


4,156 


924,103 


11,318 


4,208 


961, 117 


11,828 


62,846 


Colo. 


13,493 


304,594 


1,628 


21, 079 


334, 673 


5,733 


19,944 


331,755 


2,850 


88,712 


N.Mex. 


28,180 


171, 468 


2,009 


30,877 


291,449 


8,005 


34,708 


264,378 


10, 749 


160,446 


Ariz. 


3,612 


366,583 


1,144 


5,624 


441,901 


1,446 


6,049 


495. 955 


1,108 


10,784 


Utah. 


6,7% 


74,276 


513 


7,086 


70,699 


346 


6, 362| 81, 425 


516 


9,117 


Nev. 


108, 415 


4, 028, 873 


29, 195 


139, 236 


5, 353, 634 


47,790 


165,447i 7,498,375 


90,122 


605, 936 


Pac. 


19,285 


1, 109, 111 


6,058 


26,821 


1,319,777 


6,883 


29,961 


1, 521, 099 


6,840 


35, 457 


Wash. 


17,849 
71,281 


655, 090 
2, 259, 672 


1,492 
21,645 


16, 183 769, 146 
Wi. 232 3,264,711 


2,144 
38,763 


12,099 
123,387 


937, 029 
5, 040, 247 


2,234 
81,048 


14,523 
555, 956 


Oreg. 
Calif. 



3 Includes population of Indian Territory for 1890 and 1900. 



150214 s 



16 POPULATION RACE 

No. 17. RACE, NATIVITY, 

NOTE. Figures for 1920 for the native white of foreign parentage and of mixed parentage and for the foreign- 



Division and State 


Native white 


Foreign - 
born 
white 


Native parentage 


Foreign parentage 


Mixed parentage 


1990 


1930 


1990 


1930 


1920 


1930 


1920 


Continental United 
States. 

New England 


58,421,957 


0, 136, 614 


15, 694, 539 


16, 999, 221 


6, 991, 665 


8, 361, 965 


13, 712, 754 


2, 803, 149 
495, 780 
225, 512 
228, 325 
1, 230, 773 
173, 553 
449,206 

9, 631, 012 

3, 668, 266 
1,212,675 
4, 750, 071 

11,790,370 
3, 669, 122 
2, 329, 544 
3, 066, 563 
1, 670, 447 
1, 054, 694 

7, 475, 548 
827, 627 
1,528,553 
2, 536, 936 
207,966 
308,598 
757,064 
1,308,804 

8, 779, 416 
139, 876 
893,088 
239, 488 
1, 534, 494 
1,232,857 
1,765,203 
799, 418 
1, 642, 697 
532, 295 

6, 092, 782 
2, 039, 134 
1, 832, 757 
1, 394, 129 
826, 762 

6, 959, 785 
1,226,692 
941, 724 
1,679,107 
3, 112, 262 

2, 002, 508 
275,803 
294, 252 
122, 884 
603,041 
273, 317 
151, 145 
245, 781 
36,285 

2, 887, 387 
711,706 
497, 726 
1, 677, 955 


3, 167, 082 
515, 243 
239, 438 
234, 090 
1, 429, 784 
210, 963 
537, 564 

11,449,898 
4, 473, 946 
1, 571, 528 
5, 404, 424 

14, 500, 575 
4,325,311 
2, 605, 744 
3, 768, 990 
2, 364, 038 
1, 436, 492 

8, 547, 483 
1,114,316 
1, 697, 538 
2, 776, 338 
256, 622 
375, 378 
873, 849 
1,453,442 

10 412 368 


1, 906, 340 
86,150 
81, 039 
42,100 
1, 093, 258 
182, 660 
421, 133 

5, 397, 951 
2, 844, 083 
829, 058 
1, 724, 810 

4, 043, 692 
838, 251 
227, 066 
1, 467, 036 

775, 288 
736, 051 

2, 126, 126 
708, 126 
376, 710 
300,064 
203, 973 
141, 341 
231, 948 
163, 964 

353, 643 
23,288 
143, 203 
35, 129 
30, 5*14 
56, 625 
5,737 
7,025 
16, 371 
35, 751 

115, 484 
65, 931 
20,423 
19, 591 
9,539 

415, 799 
19, 030 
67, 016 
53,083 
276, 670 

451, 132 
101,918 
47,920 
25, 234 
130, 059 
18, 865 
39,534 
75,901 
11, 701 

884, 372 
214, 618 
95,827 
573, 927 


2, 120, 423 

87, 094 
83, 791 
40, 771 
1, 202, 191 
207, 032 
499, 544 

6, 254, 301 
3, 351, 491 
1, 044, 704 

1, 858, 106 

4, 370, 186 
921, 783 
225, 153 
1, 606, 599 
917, 856 
698, 795 

1, 946, 472 
655, 750 
332, 051 
272, 240 
193, 107 
132, 497 
216, 227 
144, 600 

384, 837 
23, 477 
144, 418 
36,809 
28, 552 
66, 854 
7,919 
6,477 
15, 215 
55, 116 

103, 333 
54, 320 
19, 303 
19, 700 
10, 010 

800, 278 
16, 130 
61, 797 

48, 465 
173, 886 

401, 071 
94,580 
42,888 
26, 439 
125, 631 
10, 741 
18,902 
69, 525 
12, 365 

1,118,320 
229, 063 
108, 797 
780, 460 


735, 936 
76, 416 
44, 547 
36, 866 
401, 959 
64, 268 
111,880 

1, 700, 302 
873, 566 
256, 741 
569, 995 

1,881,521 
385, 823 
141, 593 
558, 783 
429, 257 
366, 065 

1, 251, 752 
347, 019 
253, 271 
202, 018 
96,512 
86,817 
140, 555 
125, 560 

199, 961 
9,641 
66, 269 
23, 695 
22, 116 
25, 847 
5, 740 
5,694 
13,860 
27,099 

87, 342 
44,715 
17, 335 
15,650 
9,642 

280, 810 
20,060 
43,000 
49, 036 

168, 714 

306, 034 
62, 919 
44,533 
16, 773 
74, 049 
13, 414 
22, 671 
63, 764 
7,911 

548, 007 
143, 398 
73,442 
331, 167 


943, 298 

92,478 
58, 461 
41,043 
506, 315 
88, 307 
156, 694 

2, 198, 883 
1, 133, 307 
368, 535 
697, 021 

2, 182, 978 
439, 891 
150, 105 
672, 614 
528, 009 
392, 359 

1, 320, 255 
380, 613 
253, 058 
200, 919 
116,366 
95, 930 
148, 280 
125, 089 

247, 801 
10, 308 
74, 863 
24, 746 
25, 330 
34, 016 
9,678 
6,858 
15, 343 
46, 659 

91, 679 
42, 664 
18, 867 
19, 026 
11, 122 

276, 191 
19, 398 
48, 881 
53,901 
154,011 

314, 346 
66, 247 
44, 031 
19,589 
80, 974 
10, 464 
19,638 
64,188 
9,215 

786, 554 
174, 163 
92,783 
519,618 


1, 870, 654 
107, 349 
91, 233 
44, 526 
1,077,534 
173, 499 
376, 513 

4, 912, 575 
2,786,112 
738, 613 
1, 387, 850 

3, 223, 279 
678, 697 
150,868 
1, 206, 951 
726, 635 
460, 128 

1,371,961 

486, 164 
225, 647 
186, 026 
131, 503 
82, 391 
149, 652 
110, 578 

815,920 
19,810 
102, 177 
28, 548 
30, 785 
61,906 
7,099 
6,401 
16, 186 
43,008 

71, 939 
30, 780 

15, 478 
17, 662 
8,019 

459, 333 
13, 975 
44, 871 
39, 968 
360, 519 

453, 225 
93, 620 
38,963 
25, 255 
116, 954 
29, 077 
78, 099 
56,455 
14, 802 

1, 033, 868 
250, 055 
102, 151 

681, 662 




New Hampshire 


Vermont 


Massachusetts 


Rhode Island - - - 


Connecticut 


Middle Atlantic 


New York 


New Jersey. - -- 


Pennsylvania - - - 


East North Central 


Ohio 


Indiana - - 


Illinois 


Michigan 


Wisconsin - 


West North Central 


Minnesota 




Missouri 


North Dakota -- - 


South Dakota 


Nebraska 


Kansas 


South Atlantic 


Delaware 


155, 024 
1, 039, 796 
262, 427 
1, 692, 703 
1, 461, 544 
2, 208, 563 
925, 439 
1, 792, 499 
874, 373 

6, 971, 937 
2, 269, 540 
2, 087, 383 
1, 646, 339 
968, 675 

8, 353, 280 
1, 329, 205 
1,172,572 
1,994,305 
3, 857, 198 

2, 300, 255 
283, 539 
320, 189 
148, 381 
669, 106 
302,753 
210, 247 
318, 470 
47, 570 

4, 433, 736 
873, 627 
629, 974 
2, 930, 135 


Maryland 


Dist of Columbia 


Virginia -- 


West Virginia 


North Carolina 


South Carolina 


Georgia 


Florida 


East South Central 


Kentucky - 


Tennessee 


Alabama 


Mississippi .. 


West South Central 


Arkansas - 


Louisiana 


Oklahoma 


Texas 


Mountain 


Montana 


Idaho 


Wyoming 


Colorado 


New Mexico 


Arizona 


Utah 


Nevada 


Pacific 


Washington 


Oregon 


California 





Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 



POPULATION EACE 17 

AND PARENTAGE, BY STATES 

born white include Mexicans who were given a separate classification in 1930. See footnote 2, Table 14 



Foreign- 














born 
white 


Negro 


Mexican 


Indian 


Chinese 


Japanese 




Contd 












Division 














and State 


1930 


1920 


1930 


1930 


1920 


1930 


1920 


1930 


1920 


1930 




13, 388, 407 


10, 463, 131 


11, 891, 143 


1,422,533 


244, 437 


332- 397 


61,639 


74,954 


111,010 


138, 834 


U.S. 


1, 834, 310 
100,368 


79, 051 
1,310 


94,086 
1,096 


107 
2 


1,715 
839 


2,486 
1,012 


3,602 
161 


3,794 
115 


347 

7 


352 
3 


N. E. 
Me. 


82.660 


621 


790 


1 


28 


64 


95 


84 


8 




N. H. 


43,0fil 


572 


668 


1 


24 


36 


11 


34 


4 


1 


Vt. 


1, 054, 636 


45,466 


52, 365 


66 


655 


874 


2,544 


2,973 


191 


201 


Mass. 


170, 714 


10,036 


9,913 


10 


110 


318 


225 


497 


35 


17 


R. I. 


382,871 


21,046 


29,354 


27 


159 


162 


666 


391 


102 


130 


Conn. 


5, 269, 042 


600,183 


1, 052, 899 


6,757 


5,940 


7,709 


8,812 


14,005 


3,266 


3,662 


M. A. 


3, 191, 549 


198,483 


412, 814 


2,898 


5.503 


6,973 


5,793 


9,665 


2,686 


2.930 


N. Y. 


844, 442 


117, 132 


208,828 


454 


100 


213 


1,190 


1,783 


325 


439 


N. J. 


1,233,051 


284,568 


431, 257 


3,406 


337 


523 


1,829 


2,557 


265 


293 


Pa. 


3, 223, 924 


514, 554 


930,450 


58,317 


15, 695 


19, 817 


5,043 


6,340 


927 


1,022 


E.ir. c. 


644, 151 


186, 187 


309,304 


4,037 


151 


435 


941 


1,425 


130 


187 


Ohio. 


135, ,34 


80,810 


111,982 


9,642 


125 


285 


283 


279 


81 


71 


Ind. 


1,218,158 


182, 274 


328, 972 


28,906 


194 


469 


2,776 


3,192 


472 


664 


m. 


840, 268 


60,082 


169, 453 


13, 336 


5.614 


7,080 


792 


1,081 


184 


176 


Mich. 


386, 213 


5,201 


10, 739 


2,396 


9,611 


11,548 


251 


363 


60 


24 


Wis. 


1, 059, 277 


278, 521 


331, 784 


39,805 


37, 263 


48,245 


1,678 


1,738 


1,215 


1,003 


W. H. C. 


388,294 


8,809 


9,445 


3,626 


8,761 


11, 077 


508 


524 


85 


69 


Minn. 


165, 735 


19,005 


17,380 


4,295 


529 


660 


235 


153 


29 


19 


Iowa 


149, 390 


178, 241 


223,840 


4,989 


171 


578 


412 


634 


135 


94 


Mo. 


105, 148 


467 


377 


608 


6,254 


8,387 


124 


103 


72 


91 


N.Dak. 


65, 648 


832 


646 


816 


16,384 


21,833 


142 


70 


38 


19 


S.Dak. 


115,346 


13. 242 


13, 752 


6,321 


2,888 


3,256 


189 


194 


804 


674 


Nebr. 


69, 716 


57,925 


66,344 


19,160 


2,276 


2,454 


68 


60 


62 


37 


Kans. 


304, 278 


4, 325, 120 


4, 421, 388 


691 


13, 673 


19,060 


1,824 


1,869 


360 


393 


S. A. 


16,885 


30,335 


32,602 


24 


2 


5 


43 


38 


8 


8 


Del. 


95,093 


244, 479 


276, 379 


66 


32 


60 


371 


492 


29 


38 


Md. 


29, 932 


109.966 


132,068 


67 


37 


40 


461 


398 


103 


78 


D. C. 


23,820 


690,017 


650, 165 


36 


824 


779 


278 


293 


66 


43 


Va. 


51, 520 


86, 345 


114,893 


257 


7 


18 


98 


86 


10 


9 


W.Va. 


8.788 


763,407 


918, 647 


10 


11,824 


16, 579 


88 


68 


24 


17 


N. C. 


5,266 


864. 719 


793, 681 


9 


304 


959 


93 


41 


15 


15 


S. C. 


13, 917 


1, 206. 365 


1, 071, 125 


47 


125 


43 


211 


253 


9 


32 


Oa 


59,057 


329, 487 


431,828 


185 


518 


587 


181 


200 


106 


153 


Fla. 


57, 865 


2, 523, 532 


2, 658, 238 


1,403 


1,823 


2,106 


542 


743 


35 


46 


E. S. C. 


21, 840 


235,938 


226,040 


88 


57 


22 


62 


60 


9 





Ky. 


13,066 


451, 758 


477,646 


25 


56 


161 


67 


70 


8 


11 


Tenn. 


15, 710 


900,652 


944,834 


69 


405 


465 


59 


52 


18 


25 


Ala. 


7,049 


935, 184 


1,009,718 


1,221 


1,105 


1,458 


364 


561 




1 


Miss. 


170, 232 


2. 063, 579 


2, 281. 951 


695, 996 


60.618 


95, 870 


1,534 


1,582 


578 


687 


W. S. C. 


10, 173 


472, 220 


478, 463 


409 


106 


408 


113 


251 


5 


12 


Ark. 


34,910 


700. 257 


776, 326 


4,552 


1.066 


1,536 


387 


422 


57 


52 


La. 


26,753 


149.408 


172, 198 


7.354 


57,337 


92,725 


261 


206 


67 


104 


Okla. 


98,396 


741, 694 


854, 964 


683,681 


2,109 


1,001 


773 


703 


449 


519 


Tex. 


287, 914 


30,801 


30. 225 


249, 314 


76,899 


102. 083 


4.339 


3,252 


10, 792 


11,418 


Mt. 


72,961 


1,658 


1,256 


2,571 


10,966 


14,798 


872 


486 


1,074 


753 


Mont. 


30. 454 


920 


668 


1,278 


3,098 


3,638 


585 


335 


1,669 


1,421 


Idaho. 


19,658 


1,375 


1,250 


7,174 


1,343 


1,845 


252 


130 


1,194 


1,026 


Wyo. 


85,406 


11, 318 


11,828 


57, 676 


1,383 


1,395 


291 


233 


2,464 


3,213 


Colo. 


7,797 


5,733 


2,850 


59, 340 


19, 512 


28,941 


171 


133 


251 


249 


N.Mez. 


15, 591 


8,005 


10, 749 


114, 173 


32,989 


43, 726 


1,137 


1,110 


550 


879 


Ariz. 


43, 772 


1,446 


1,108 


4,012 


2,711 


2,869 


342 


342 


2,936 


3,269 


Utah. 


12,275 


346 


516 


3,090 


4,907 


4,871 


689 


483 


754 


608 


Nev. 


1, 159, 765 


4T.790 


90,122 


370, 143 


31,011 


35, 241 


34, 265 


41,631 


93,490 


120. 251 


Pac. 


244,256 
105, 475 


6,883 
2,144 


6,840 
2,234 


662 

1,668 


9,061 
4,590 


11,253 
4,776 


2.363 
3,090 


2,195 
2,075 


17,387 
4,151 


17,837 
4,958 


Wash. 
Oreg. 


810, 034 


38,763 


81,048 


368,013 


17,360 


19, 212 


28,812 


37,361 


71, 952 


97,456 


Calif. 



18 



POPULATION RACE 



No. 18. RACE, NATIVITY, AND PARENTAGE: PERCENTAGES, BY STATES 

NOTE. Percentages for 1930, particularly in some States, are affected by the change in classification of 
Mexicans. See footnote 2, Table 14. 



Division and State 


Per cent of total population 


Per cent of white population 


White 


Negro 


Native, 1930 


Foreign born 


1910 


1920 


1930 


1910 


1920 


1930 


Total 


Na- 
tive 
par- 
ent- 
age 


For- 
eign 
par- 
ent- 
age 


Mixed 
par- 
ent- 
age 


1910 


1920 


1930 


Continental 
United States. 

New England 


83.9 


89.7 


88.7 


10.7 


9.9 


9.7 


87.7 


64.4 


15.6 


7.7 


16.3 


14.5 


12.3 


98.9 
99.7 
99.8 
99.5 
98.8 
98.1 
98.6 

97.7 

98.4 
96.4 
97.4 

98.2 

97.6 
97.7 
98.0 
99.1 
99.4 

97.5 
99.2 
99.3 
95.2 
98.8 
96.6 
99.0 
96.7 

66.2 

84.6 
82.0 
71.3 
67.4 
94.7 
68.0 
44.8 
54.9 
58.9 

68.4 
88.6 
78.3 
57.5 
43.7 

78.5 
71.8 
56.8 
87.2 
82.2 

95.7 
95.9 
98.0 
96.1 
98.0 
93.1 
83.9 
98.2 
90.7 

96.0 
97.1 
97.4 
95.0 


98.9 
99.7 
918 
99.8 
98.7 
98.3 
98.4 

97.2 
97.9 
96.2 
96.7 

97.5 

96.7 
97.2 
97.1 
98.2 
99.4 

97.5 

99.2 
99.2 
94.7 
98.9 
97.3 
98.7 
96.6 

69.0 

86.4 
83.1 
74.7 
70.1 
94.1 
69.7 
48.6 
58.3 
65.9 

71.8 

90.2 
80.7 
61.6 
47.7 

79.2 
73.0 
61.0 
89.8 
84.0 

96.3 
97.3 
98.6 
97.8 
98.3 
92.9 
87.2 
98.3 
91.3 

96.2 
97.3 
98.2 
95.3 


98.8 
99.7 
99.8 
99.8 
98.7 
98.5 
98.1 

95.9 

96.5 
94.8 
95.4 

96.0 
95.3 
96.2 
95.2 
96.0 
99.1 

96.8 
99.0 
99.1 
93.6 
98.6 
96.6 
98.2 
95.3 

71.9 
86.3 
83.0 
72.7 
73.1 
93.3 
70.5 
54.3 
63.2 
70.5 

73.1 

91.3 
81.7 
64.3 
49.6 

74.7 
74.1 
62.7 
88.6 
73.5 

89.2 
96.2 
98.3 
94.9 
92.8 
78.4 
60.7 
97.7 
89.4 

91.5 
97.3 
98.2 
88.8 


1.0 

.2 
.1 
.5 
1.1 
1.8 
1.4 

2.2 
1.5 
3.5 
2.5 

1.6 
2.3 
2.2 
1.9 
.6 
.1 

2.1 
.3 

.7 
4.8 
.1 
.1 
.6 
3.2 

33.7 

15.4 
17.9 
28.5 
32.6 
5.3 
31.6 
55.2 
45.1 
41.0 

31.5 
11.4 
21.7 
42.5 
56.2 

22.6 
28.1 
43.1 
8.3 

17.7 

.8 
.5 
.2 
1.5 
1.4 
.5 
1.0 
.3 
.6 

.7 
.5 
.2 
.9 


1.1 
.2 
.1 
.2 

1.2 
1.7 
1.5 

2.7 
1.9 
3.7 
3.3 

2.4 
3.2 
2.8 
2.8 
1.6 
.2 

2.2 
.4 
.8 
5.2 
.1 
.1 
1.0 
3.3 

30.9 
13.6 
16.9 
25.1 
29.9 
5.9 
29.8 
51.4 
41.7 
34.0 

28.4 
9.8 
19.3 
38.4 
52.2 

20.1 
27.0 
38.9 
7.4 
15.9 

.9 
.3 
.2 

. 7 
1.2 
1.6 
2.4 
.3 
.4 

.9 

.5 
.3 
1.1 


1.2 
.1 
.2 
.2 
1.2 
1.4 
1.8 

4.0 
3.3 
5.2 

4.5 

3.7 
4.7 
3.5 
4.3 
3.5 
.4 

2.5 
.4 
.7 
6.2 
.1 
.1 
1.0 
3.5 

28.0 
13.7 
16.9 
27.1 
26.8 
6.6 
29.0 
45.6 
36.8 
29.4 

26.9 

8.6 
18.3 
35.7 
50.2 

18.7 
25.8 
36.9 
7.2 
14.7 

.8 
.2 
.2 

.6 
1.1 

.7 
2.6 
.2 
.6 

1.1 
.4 
.2 

1.4 


77.3 

87.4 
82.2 
88.0 
74.8 
74.8 
75.7 

79.1 

73.7 
77.9 
86.6 

86.7 
89.8 
95.7 
79.3 
81.9 
86.7 

91.8 

84.7 
93.2 
95.6 
84.3 
90.2 
91.5 
96.1 

97.3 

91.8 
93.0 
91.5 
98.7 
96.8 
99.6 
99.4 
99.2 
94.3 

99.2 
99.1 
99.4 
99.1 
99.3 

98.1 
99.3 
97.4 
98.7 
97.7 

91.3 
85.9 
93.0 
90.8 
91.1 
97.6 
94.1 
91.2 
84.9 

84.5 
83.9 
88.7 
83.9 


39.3 
64.8 
51.6 
65.2 
34.1 
31.2 
34.1 

45.5 
36.8 
41.0 

58.8 

59.7 
68.3 
83.6 
51.9 
50.8 
49.3 

66.4 

43.9 
69.3 
81.7 
38.2 
56.1 
64.6 
81.1 

91.7 

75.4 
76.8 
74.1 
95.6 
90.6 
98.8 
98.0 
97.6 
84.5 

96.5 
95.0 
97.6 
96.8 
97.2 

91.8 
96.7 
89.0 
93.9 
90.0 

69.6 
54.8 
73.2 
69.3 
69.6 
91.3 
79.5 
64.2 
58.4 

59.1 
57.4 
67.2 
58.1 


28.3 
11.0 
18.0 
11.4 

28.7 
30.6 
31.7 

24.8 

27.6 
27.3 
20.2 

18.0 

14.6 
7.2 
22.1 
19.7 
24.0 

15.1 
25.8 
13.6 
8.0 
28. 8 
19.8 
16.0 
8.1 

3.4 
11.4 
10.7 
10.4 
1.6 
4.1 
.4 
.7 
.8 
5.3 

1.4 
2.3 
.9 
1.2 
1.0 

3.3 
1.2 
4.7 
2.3 
4.1 

12.1 
18.3 
9.8 
12.4 
13.1 
3.2 
7.1 
14.0 
15.2 

14.9 
15. 1 
11.6 
15.5 


11.7 
11.6 
12.6 
11.4 
12.1 
13.0 
9.9 

8.7 
9.3 
9.6 
7.6 

9.0 
6.9 
4.8 
9.3 
11.4 
13.5 

10.3 

15.0 
10.3 
5.9 
17.3 
14.3 
11.0 
7.0 

2.2 
5.0 
5.5 
7.0 
1.4 
2.1 
.4 
.7 
.8 
4.5 

1.3 
1.8 
.9 

1.1 
1.1 

3.0 
1.4 
3.7 
2.5 
3.6 

9.5 
12.8 
10.1 
9.2 
8.4 
3.2 
7.4 
12.9 
11.3 

10.5 
11.4 
9.9 
10.3 


28.0 
14.9 
22.5 
14.1 
31.6 
33.4 
29.9 

25.8 

30.4 
26.9 
19.3 

17.1 
12.8 
6.0 
21.8 
21.4 
22.1 

14.2 

26.4 
12.4 
7.3 
27.4 
17.8 
14.9 
8.3 

3.6 
10.2 
9.8 
10.3 
1.9 
4.9 
.4 
.9 
1.1 
7.6 

1.5 
2.0 
1.1 
1.5 
1.2 

5.2 
1.5 
5.5 

2.8 
7.5 

17.3 

25.4 
12.7 
19.3 
16.2 
7.4 
27.3 
17.3 
24.2 

21.4 
21.7 
15.7 
22.9 


25.6 
14.0 
20.6 
12.7 
28.3 
29.2 
27.7 

22.7 
27.4 
24.3 
16.5 

15.4 
12.2 
5.3 
19.2 
20.2 
17.6 

11.2 

20.5 
9.5 
5.8 
20.5 
13.3 
11.7 
6.5 

3.3 

10.3 
8.5 
8.7 
1.9 
4.5 
.4 
.8 
1.0 
6.7 

1.1 
1.4 
.8 
1.2 
.9 

5.7 
1.1 
4.1 
2.2 
9.2 

14.1 
17.5 
9.2 
13.3 
12.7 
8.7 
26.8 
12.8 
20.9 

19.3 
18.9 
13.3 
20.9 


22.7 
12.6 
17.8 
12.0 
25.2 
25.2 
24.3 

20.9 
26.3 
22.1 
13.4 

13.3 

10.2 
4.3 
16.8 
18.1 
13.3 

8.2 
15.3 
6.8 
4.4 
15.7 
9.8 
8.5 
3.9 

2.7 
8.2 
7.0 
8.5 
1.3 
3.2 
.4 
.6 
.8 
5.7 

.8 
.9 
.6 
.9 
.7 

1.9 
.7 
2.6 
1.3 
2.3 

8.7 
14.1 
7.0 
9.2 
8.9 
2.4 
5.9 
8.8 
15.1 

15.5 
16.1 
11.3 
16.1 


Maine 


New Hampshire..- 
Vermont 


Massachusetts 
Rhode Island 


Connecticut - 


Middle Atlantic . 


New York 


New Jersey 


Pennsylvania 

East North Central .. 
Ohio - 


Indiana 


Illinois 


Michigan 


Wisconsin 


West North Central-- 
Minnesota 


Iowa 


Missouri -- 


North Dakota 
South Dakota 


Nebraska 


Kansas 


South Atlantic 


Delaware .- 


Maryland 


Dist. of Columbia. 
Virginia 


West Virginia 
North Carolina.... 
South Carolina 
Georgia.... 


Florida. . 


East South Central. .. 
Kentucky 


Tennessee.. 


Alabama 


Mississippi 


West South Central... 
A rkansas 


Louisiana 


Oklahoma 


Texas 


Mountain 


Montana. _. 


Idaho 


Wyoming- _ 


Colorado 


New Mexico . .. 


Arizona 


Utah 


Nevada 


Pacific 


Washington 


Oregon 


California 





Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 



POPULATION SEX, RACE, AND AGE 



19 



No. 19. URBAN AND RURAL POPULATION: BY RACE, NATIVITY, AND PAR- 
ENTAGE, BY SEX AND AGE GROUPS, CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES 

NOTE. For definition of urban and rural population see Table 7, page 6 



Number 



Urban 



1920 



1930 



Rural 



1920 



1930 



Per cent distribution 



Urban 



1920 



1930 



Rural 



1920 



1930 



Total. 



54, 304, 603 



88, 954, 823 



51, 406, 017 



53, 320, 223 



100.0 



100.0 



100.0 



100.0 



White 

Negro 

All other i 

Native white: 

Native parentage 

Foreign or mixed par- 
entage 

Foreign-born white 



50, 620, 084 

3, 559, 473 

125,046 

24, 556, 729 

15, 706, 372 
10, 356, 983 



62, 836, 605 

5, 193, 913 

924,305 

33,497,232 

18, 612, 514 
10, 726, 859 



44, 200, 831 

6, 903, 658 

301, 528 

33,865,228 

6, 979, 832 
3, 355, 771 



46, 027, 602 
6, 697, 230 
1, 095, 391 

36, 639, 382 

6, 748, 672 
2,639,548 



93.2 
6.6 
.2 

45.2 

28.9 
19.1 



91.1 

7.5 
1.3 

48.6 

27.0 
15.6 



86.0 

13.4 

.6 

65.9 

13.6 
6.5 



85.5 
12.4 
2.0 



12.5 
4.9 



Class 



Sex distribution, 1930 



Urban 



Male 



Female 



Males 
per 100 



Rural 



Male 



Female 



Males 
per 100 

females 



Total. 



34, 154, 760 



34, 800, 063 



98.1 



27, 982, 320 



25, 837, 903 



108.3 



White 

Negro 

All other 

Native white: 

Native parentage 

Foreign or mixed parentage 

Foreign-born white 



31, 162, 570 

2, 479, 158 

513, 032 

16, 515, 816 
9,004,667 
5, 642, 087 



31, 674, 035 

2, 714, 755 

411,273 

16, 981, 416 
9, 607, 847 
5,084,772 



98.4 
91.3 
124.7 

97.3 
93.7 
111.0 



24, 001, 284 

3, 376, 511 

604,525 

18, 944, 185 
3, 545, 477 
1, 511, 622 



22, 026, 318 

3, 320, 719 

490,866 

17, 695, 197 
3, 203, 195 
1, 127, 926 



109.0 
101.7 
123.2 

107.1 
110.7 
134.0 



Class 


Age distribution, 1930 


Under 5 
years 


5 to 9 
years 


10 to 14 
years 


15 to 19 

years 


20 to 44 
years 


45 to 64 
years 


65 years 
and over 


Un- 
known 


URBAN POPULATION 

Total urban 


5,626,360 

8.2 

2, 855, 018 
2, 771, 342 

5, 074, 431 
427, 607 
124, 322 

3, 517, 183 

1, 533, 643 
23,605 

' 81 

2, 951, 156 
2, 866, 874 

4, 852, 965 
802,599 
162, 466 

4, 421, 982 

426, 800 
4,183 


6,211,141 

9.0 

3, 128, 686 
3, 082, 455 

5, 621, 105 
468, 357 
121, 679 

3, 597, 690 

1, 920, 459 
102, 956 

6, 396, 468 
11.9 

3, 252, 422 
3, 144, 046 

5, 335, 039 
900,024 
161,405 

4, 723, 348 

592, 9.56 
18, 735 


5 , 949,6,3 

2, 970. 019 
2, 979, 674 

5, 455, 278 
407,867 
86,548 

3, 171, 407 

2, 160, 882 
122, 989 

6, 055, 184 

11.3 

3, 098, 758 
2, 956, 426 

5, 091, 004 
843, 675 
120, 505 

4, 356, 945 

709, 312 
24,747 


6,015,411 

8.7 

2, 881, 288 
3, 134, 123 

5, 486, 937 
447, 155 
81, 319 

3, 053, 878 

2, 156, 157 
276,902 

5, 536, 704 
10.3 

2, 876, 537 
2, 660, 167 

4,624,647 
803,373 
108,684 

3, 878, 625 

698, 294 
47,728 


29, 071, 885 
42.2 

14, 351, 722 
14, 720, 163 

26, 166, 057 
2, 520, 611 
385, 217 

13, 545, 214 

7, 315, 446 
5, 305, 397 

17, 951, 362 
33.4 

9, 223, 378 
8, 727, 984 

15, 365, 687 
2, 197, 204 
388,471 

11, 865, 306 

2, 550, 107 
950, 274 


12, 490, 762 
18.1 

6, 304, 095 
6, 186, 667 

11,611,834 
773, 870 
105, 058 

5, 077, 408 

2, 797, 669 
3, 736, 757 

8,924,219 
16.6 

4, 866, 974 
4, 057, 245 

7,890,311 
912, 351 
121, 557 

5, 440, 380 

1, 364, 914 
1, 085, 017 


3, 523, 535 
5.1 

1, 627. 928 

1, 895, 607 

3,366,066 
139, 108 
18, 361 

1, 495, 526 

720, 309 
1, 150, 231 

3,110,270 
5.8 

1, 697, 283 
1, 412, 987 

2, 845, 517 
233,611 
31,142 

1, 934, 361 

404,094 
507,062 


66,036 
0.1 
36,004 
30,032 

54,897 
9,338 
1,801 

38,926 

7,949 
8,022 

27, 986 
0.1 

15,812 
12,174 

22,432 
4,393 
1,161 

18, 435 

2,195 
1,802 


Per cent of total. 
Male 


Female. 


White 


Negro 


All other 


Native white: 
Native parentage 
Foreign or mixed 
parentage 


Foreign-born white 

RURAL POPULATION 

Total rural 


Per cent of total- 
Male 


Female 


White 


Negro 


All other 


Native white: 
Native parentage 
Foreign or mixed 
parentage 


Foreign-born white. . - 



i For 1930 includes Mexicans. See note 2, Table 14. 
Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 



20 



POPULATION PKINCIPAL CITIES 



NOTE. The 1930 figures for 



No. 20. POPULATION STATISTICS OF CITIES 

'Other races" include Mexicans who in 1920 were classified for the most 
population of the city. The increase from census to census includes that 



City 


Total population 


Native white, native 
parentage 


1890 


1100 


1910 


1990 


1930 


Number 


Per 

cent, 
1930 


1920 


1930 


Akron. Ohio 


27,601 
94, 923 
25,228 
30, 337 
10,235 
65, 533 
13, 055 
33,300 
14, 575 

434, 439 
19,033 
3,296 
5,101 
9,521 
35,005 
26,178 
448, 477 
48,866 

27,294 
255, 664 
70,028 
58,313 
26,189 
18,020 
54, 955 
6,742 

11, 557 

29,100 
20,226 
1, 099, 850 
10,204 
296,908 
261, 353 


42,728 
94, 151 
35, 416 
38, 973 
14, 694 
89, 872 
27,838 
39,441 
22,258 

508, 957 
32, 722 
9,427 
13, 214 
10, 758 
39, 647 
38,415 
560,892 
70, 996 

40,063 
352, 387 
91, 886 
75, 935 
30, 667 
25, 656 
55,807 
11, 099 

18, 091 

30,154 
33,988 
1, 698, 575 
16, 310 
325,902 
381,768 


69,067 
100, 253 
51, 913 
52, 127 
18, 762 
154,839 
46,150 
41,040 
29, 860 

558, 485 
55, 545 
20,640 
40,434 
12, 837 
48,443 
132, 685 
670, 585 
102, 054 

56, 878 
423, 715 
104, 839 
94, 538 
50, 217 
32, 811 
58, 833 
22, 996 

34, 014 

44,604 
38, 537 
2, 185, 283 
14, 557 
363, 591 
560, 663 
2,955 

26, 319 
181,511 

53, 270 
92,104 
43,028 
116, 577 
911 
31,140 
213, 381 
86,368 
465, 766 

78,466 
18,241 
19,098 
34, 371 
58,547 
73,409 
39, 279 
66, 525 
24,978 

69,647 
119, 295 
38, 550 
63, 933 
73,312 
24, 892 
36, 981 
16, 802 

her nonwh 
lem prior 
920. Com 


208, 435 
113,344 
73, 502 
60,331 
28,504 
200, 616 
60,707 
52, 548 
34, 876 

733, 826 
76, 754 
40,422 
56,036 
50,358 
66,800 
178, 806 
748, 060 
143, 555 

66,254 
506, 775 
109, 694 
116, 309 
87,091 
45, 566 
67, 957 
39,608 

46,338 

57,895 
58, 030 
2, 701, 705 
44, 995 
401,247 
796, 841 
15,236 

37, 524 
237,031 

57, 121 
158, 976 
56, 727 
152, 559 
2,470 
43, 818 
256, 491 
126,468 
993, 678 

98, 917 
21, 719 
35, 967 
60,710 
66,767 
95, 783 
77, .560 
93, 372 
37,234 

85,264 
120, 485 
91, 599 
86, 549 
106, 482 
45,086 
44,265 
55, 378 

ite. (See 
to 1920. 
bined pop 


255, 040 
127, 412 
92,563 
82, 054 
60,193 
270, 366 
66, 198 
60,342 
53,120 

804, 874 
88,979 
57, 732 
82, 109 
57, 892 
76, 662 
259, 678 
781, 188 
146, 716 

63, 797 
573, 076 
113,643 
118, 700 
104,906 
56, 097 
62, 265 
60, 408 

82, 675 

119, 798 
59, 164 
3, 376, 438 
66, 602 
451, 160 
900,429 
50, 945 

51, 581 
290,564 

65, 252 
260, 475 
60,751 
200,982 
50,358 
57, 510 
287, 861 
142, 559 
1, 568, 662 

101,463 
52, 037 
54, 784 
68,020 
74, 347 
114, 589 
102, 421 
115, 967 
63, 338 
102, 249 
115, 274 
156, 492 
114,946 
163, 447 
52, 513 
52, 938 
100, 426 

headnote.) 
Consolidat 
ulation 18 


125, 079 
56,265 
51, 937 
43,390 
19, 984 
124, 948 
22, 087 
26, 883 
20,905 

378, 380 
14, 497 
21, 710 
28,669 
26,503 
40, 030 
92, 211 
181,811 
36, 816 

24, 643 
165, 135 
29, 045 
56, 249 
53, 783 
26, 667 
28,262 
31,044 

30, 196 

34, 911 
25, 627 
642, 871 
6,470 
206, 605 
212, 247 
9,053 

21,605 
159, 069 

37, 391 
112,509 
29, 394 
100, 996 
() 
33, 254 
144, 678 
84, 361 
313, 997 

23, 931 
13, fiOS 
5,954 
27, 455 
W, 8.54 
25, 887 
27, 456 
41, 179 
16, 723 

60, 270 
19, 168 
50,186 
57, 675 
75, 515 
23, 793 
17,289 
16, 519 

ed with F 
90, 19,823; 


162, 699 
66, 566 
64, 147 
61,960 
33, 585 
166, 513 
24, 464 
33, 310 
31, 666 

427, 372 
20,085 
32,900 
43, 755 
29,820 
46, 369 
141, 493 
200, 130 
37, 587 

24,909 
212, 586 
31,100 
52, 912 
65,090 
36, 025 
28,248 
48, 167 

54, 819 

81, 212 
26, 856 
943, 301 
13, 564 
264, 123 
242, 832 
26, 210 

30, 417 
201, 778 

49,297 
192, 580 
36, 214 
142, 059 
20, 351 
45, 939 
169, 457 
100, 236 
537, 844 

30, 675 
32, 382 
11,521 
33, 647 
45, 826 
33, 605 
32, 810 
55, 286 
31, 987 

80, 329 
24,368 
91, 557 
86, 1% 
126,116 
25, 914 
22,401 
33, 635 

outh Bett 
1900, 23,995 


63.8 
52.2 
69.3 
75.5 
66.9 
61.6 
37.0 
55.2 


Albany, N. Y 


Allentown, Pa 


Altoona, Pa 


Asheville, N. C 


Atlanta, Oa 


Atlantic City, N J 


Augusta, Ga _ _ 


Austin, Tex 


59.6 

53.1 
22.6 
57.0 
53.3 
51.5 
60.5 
54.5 
25.6 
25.6 

39.0 

37. 1 


Baltimore, Md 


Bayonne, N. J 


Beaumont, Tex 


Berkeley, Calif 


Bethlehem, Pa. * 


Binghamton, N Y 


Birmingham, Ala 


Boston, Mass 3 


Bridgeport, Conn 


Brockton, Mass 
Buffalo, N. Y 


Cambridge, Mass 


27.4 
44.6 
62.0 
64.2 
45.4 
79.7 

66.3 

67.8 
45.4 
27.9 
20.4 
58.5 
27.0 
51.4 

59.0 
69.4 

75.5 
73.9 
59.6 
70.7 
40. 4 
79.9 
58.9 
70.3 
34.3 

30.2 
62.2 
21.0 
49.5 
61. 6 
20. 3 
32.0 
47.7 
50.5 

78.6 
21.1 
58.6 
75.0 
77.2 
49.3 
42.3 
33.5 

lehem 
J; 1910, 


Camden, N. J 


Canton, Ohio - _ 


Cedar Rapids, Iowa 


Charleston, S. C 


Charleston, W. Va 


Charlotte, N. C 


Chattanooga, Tenn 
Chester, Pa 


Chicago, 111 - - .- 


Cicero, 111 


Cincinnati, Ohio 


Cleveland, Ohio 


Cleveland Heights, Ohio. 
Columbia, S. C 


15, 353 
88,150 

37, 371 
38,067 
26,872 
61,220 


21, 108 
125, 560 

42,938 
42,638 
35, 254 
85,333 
844 
20,754 
133, 859 
62, 139 
285,704 

52, 969 
6,679 
3,411 
21,506 

2'., ;.55 

52, 130 
15,906 
62,733 
19,259 

59,007 
104,863 
13, 103 
45,115 
26, 688 
12,470 
37, 789 


Columhu s , Ohio 


Covington, Ky 


Dallas, Tex 


Davenport. Iowa 


Dayton, Onio 


Dearborn, Mich 


Decatur, 111 


16,841 
106, 713 
50, 093 
205, 876 

33,115 
5,485 
1,255 


Denver, Colo 


Des Moines, Iowa. 


Detroit, Mich 


Duluth, Minn 


Durham N C 


East Chicago, Ind 


East Orange, N. J... 


East St. Louis, 111 . 


15, 169 
37,764 
10,338 
40,634 


Elizabeth, N. J 


El Paso, Tex... 


Erie, Pa 


Evanston, 111 


Evansville, Ind 


50,7.56 
74, 398 
9,803 
35,393 
23,076 
10, 818 
29,084 


Fall River, Mass 


Flint, Mich 


Fort Wayne, Ind 


Fort Worth, Tex 


Fresno, Calif 


Oalveston, Tex 


Gary, Ind 


1 includes Indians, Chinese, Japanese, and 01 
Bethlehem borough includes West Bethle 
borough as Bethlehem city between 1910 and ] 
32,810, 



POPULATION PRINCIPAL CITIES 

HAVING IN 1930 OVER 50,000 INHABITANTS 



21 



>art as white. See footnote 2, Table 14. Per cents show proportion which specified class forms of total 
lue to annexation of territory as well as to direct growth 



Native white, foreign 
or mixed parentage 


Foreign-born white 


Negro and other 
races 1 


Sex, 1930 




Number 


Per 


Number 


Per 

... n t 


Number 


Per 

start t 


AT alp 




City 


1920 


1930 


cent, 
1930 


1920 


1930 


Ct?ni, 
1930 


mo 


1930 


tni , 
1930 


BEUUD 


.r GUI 3.16 




39,750 


49, 477 


19.4 


37,889 


31,568 


12.4 


5,717 


11,296 


4.4 


130,029 


125, Oil 


Akron. 


38,135 


40,476 


31.8 


17,636 


17, 918 


14.1 


1,308 


2,452 


1.9 


61,947 


65,465 


Albany. 


12,767 


18, 439 


19.9 


8,612 


9,607 


10.4 


186 


370 


.4 


45, 437 


47,126 


Allentown. 


10,729 


13,425| 16.4 


5,312 


5,951 


7.3 


900 


718 


.9 


40,351 


41,703 


Altoona. 


808 


1, 5061 3. 


555 


842 


1.7 


7,157 


14,260 


28.4 


23,124 


27,069 


Asheville. 


8,099 


9, 007 3. 3 


4,738 


4,727 


1.7 


62,831 


90,119 


33.3 


126, 493 


143, 873 


Atlanta. 


10,590 


16, 147 


24,4 


7,009 


9,903 


15.0 


11,021 


15,684 


23.7 


31,449 


34,749 


Atlantic City. 


2,078 


1,953 


3.2 


927 


734 


1.2 


22,660 


24,345 


40.3 


28,329 


32,013 


Augusta. 


4,476 


4,926 


9.3 


2,547 


1,617 


3.0 


6,948 


14,911 


28.1 


25,264 


27,856 


Austin. 


162, 839 


160,342 


19.9 


83,911 


74, 410 


9.2 


108,696 


142, 750 


17.7 


395,888 


408,986 


Baltimore. 


36,103 


41, 681 


46.8 


25, 472 


24,899 


28.0 


682 


2,314 


2.6 


47, 119 


41,860 


Bayonne. 


^ 558 


4.084J 7.1 


1,918 


1,523 


2.6 


13,236 


19,225 


33.3 


28,844 


28,888 


Beaumont. 


15,954 


21,590 26.3 


9,573 


12,163 


14.8 


1,840 


4,601 


5.6 


38,623 


43,486 


Berkeley. 


12,546 


16,837| 29.1 


10,943 


10,093 


17.4 


366 


1,142 


2.0 


29,088 


28,804 


Bethlehem. 2 


15, 742 


18,967 24.7 


10,368 


10,566 


13.8 


660 


760 


1.0 


37,206 


39,456 


Binghamton. 


10,255 
309,755 


13, 191 5. 1 
329, 270 42. 1 


6,084 
238,919 


5,867 
229,356 


2.3 
29.4 


70,256 
17, 575 


99,127 
22,432 


38.2 
2.9 


125, 855 
383,454 


133,823 
397, 734 


Birmingham. 
Boston.' 


57,990 


64, 979 44, 3 


46,414 


40,759! 27.8 


2,335 


3,391 


2.3 


73,061 


73,655 


Bridgeport. 








1 














23,868 


24,079 37.7 


17,124 


14,275 22.4 


619 


534 


.8 


30,941 


32,856 


Brockton. 


215, 377 


227,9671 39.8 


121,530 


118,316 20.6 


4,733 


14,207 


2.5 


284,460 


288,616 


Buffalo. 


43, 101 


44,616 39.3 


32,104 


32,330 28.4 


5,444 


5,597 


4.9 


54,013 


59,630 


Cambridge. 


31,242 


35,756 


30.1 


20,262 


18,615 15.7 


8,556 


11,417 


9.6 


59,442 


59,258 


Camden. 


17,304 


23,534 


22.4 


14,680 


13,213 12.6 


1,324 


3,069 


2.9 


53,301 


51,605 


Canton. 


12,348 


14,225 


25.4 


5,863 


4, 974 8. 9 


688 


873 


1.6 


27,139 


28, 958 Cedar Rapids. 


5,180 


4,318 


6.9 


2,143 


1,611 


2.6 


32, 372 


28,088 


45.1 


28,382 


33,883 


Charleston^. C. 


2,684 


3,736 


6.2 


1,354 


1,741 


2.9 


4,526 


6,764 


11.2 


29,681 


30,727 


Charleston, 
























W. Va. 


983 


1,778 


2.2 


514 


893 


1.1 


14,645 


25,185 


30.5 


39,583 


43,092 


Charlotte. 


2,850 


3,819 


3.2 


1,240 


1,464 


1.2 


18,894 


33,303 


27.8 


57, 932 


61,866 


Chattanooga, 


13,908 


14,966 


25.3 


11,292 


8,048 


13.6 


7,203 


9.294 


15.7 


30,424 


28,740 


Chester. 


1, 140, 816 


1,332,373 39.5 


805,482 


842,057 


24.9 


112,536 


258, 707 


7.7 


1, 710, 663 


1, 665, 775 


Chicago. 


23,050 


33,382 


50.1 


15,466 


19,490 


29.3 


9 


166 


. 2 


34,284 


32,318 


Cicero. 


121, 665 


104,154 


23.1 


42,827 


34,835 


7.7 


30,150 


48,048 


10.6 


218, 995 


232, 165 


Cincinnati. 


310, 241 


354, 771 


39.4 


239,538 


229,487 


25.5 


34,815 


73,339 


8.1 


456,856 


443, 573 


Cleveland. 


4,101 


16,529 


32.4 


1,896 


7,616 


14.9 


186 


590 


1.2 


23,199 


27,746 


Cleveland 
























Heights. 


918 


1,101 


2.1 


544 


524 


1.0 


14,457 


19,539 


37.9 


24,005 


27,576 


Columbia. 


39, 597 


40,538 


14.0 


16,055 


15,279 


5.3 


22,310 


32,969 


11.3 


143, 359 


147, 205 


Columbus. 


13,801 


10,573 


16.2 


2,883 


1,900 


2.9 


3,046 


3,482 


5.6 


31,690 


33,562 


Covington. 


13,649 


16,667 


6.4 


8,730 


6,473 


2.5 


24,088 


44,755 


17.2 


126,071 


134,404 


Dallas. 


18,991 


17,860 : 29.4 


7,644 


5,621 


9.3 


698 


1,056 


1.7 


30,192 


30,559 Davenport. 


29,388 


29,758| 14.8 


13, 111 


12,014 


6.0 


9,064 


17, 151 


8.5 


99,822 


101,160 Dayton. 


( 4 ) 


16,2221 32.2 


( 4 ) 


13,395 


26.6 


( 4 ) 


390 


.8 


27,279 


23,079 Dearborn. 


6,787 


7,251 12.6 


2, 590 2, 355 


4.1 


1,187 


1,965 


3.4 


28,004 


29,5061 Decatur. 


67,346 


72, 285 25. 1 


37,620 


31,235 


10.9 


6,847 


14,884 


5.2 


139, 872 


147, 989 


Denver. 


25,302 


27,178 19.1 


11,224 


9,310 


6.5 


5,581 


5,835 


4.1 


68,481 


74,078 


Des Moines. 


348, 771 


503,016 32.1 


289,297 


399,281 


25.5 


41,613 


128, 521 


8.2 


821, 920 


746,742 


Detroit. 


44,265 


45,305 ! 44.7 


30,118 


24,929 


24.6 


603 


554 


T 


51,285 


50,178 


Duluth. 


272 


570 1. 1 


181 


361 


.7 


7,658 


18,724 


36! 


24,629 


27,408 


Durham. 


13, 893 


18,994 34.7 


14,663 


13, 793 


25.2 


1,457 


10, 476 


19.1 


30,618 


24,166 


East Chicago. 


14,075 


19,404 


28.5 


6,780 


10,036 


14.8 


2,400 


4,933 


7.3 


31,637 


36,383 


East Orange. 


13,668 


12,286 


16.5 


6,782 


4,657 


6.3 


7,463 


11, 578 


15.6 


37,461 


36,886 


East St. Louis. 


39,668 


46,971 


41.0 


28,215 


29,156 


25.4 


2,013 


4,857 


4.2 


58,348 


56,241 


Elizabeth. 


14,995 


6,311 


6.2 


33,353 


2,844 


2.8 


1,756 


60,456 


59.0 


49, 551 


52,870 


El Paso. 


34,047 


42,159 36.4 


17, 370 


17,241 


14.9 


776 


1,281 


1.1 


57, 512 


58,455 


Erie. 


11, 182 


16,728 


26.4 


6,771 


9,623 


15.2 


2,558 


5,000 


7.9 


29,586 


33,752 


Evanston. 


15, 437 


13,303 


13.0 


3,145 


2,082 


2.0 


6,412 


6,535 


6.4 


49,480 


52, 769 


Evansville. 


58,615 


58,321 50.6 


42,331 


32,078 


27.8 


371 


507 


. 4 


55, 132 


60,142 


Fall River. 


24,521 


37,532! 240 


15,127 


20,934 


13.4 


1,765 


6,469 


4.1 


81, 897 


74,595 


Flint. 


20,764 


20,580 17.9 


6,634 


5,729 


5.0 


1, 476| 2, 441 


2.1 


56,270 


58,676 


Fort Wayne. 


7,592 


8, 163 5. 


7,359 


2,918 


1.8 


16, 016 


26,250 


16.1 


80,015 


83,432 


Fort Worth. 


10, 475 


12,974! 24.7 


8,552 


7,956 


15.2 


2,266 


5,669 


10.8 


26,382 


26,131 


Fresno. 


10, 137 


9,9541 18.8 


6,892 


4, 705 8. 9 


9,937 


15, 878 


30.0 


27,495 


25,443 


Qalveston. 


17,065 


26,012. 25.9 


16,46C 


19,345 19.3 


5,334 


21,434 


21.3 


54,593 45,8331 Gary. 



3 Hyde Park town annexed to Boston City between 1910 and 1920. 
1900, 574,136; 1910, 686,092. 
Not distributed by nativity or race. 



Combined population, 1890, 458,670; 



22 



POPULATION PRINCIPAL CITIES 

No. 20. POPULATION STATISTICS OF CITIES HAVING 



City 


Total population 


Native white, native 
parentage 


1890 


1900 


1910 


1920 


1930 


Number 


Per 

cent, 
1930 


1920 


1930 


Glendale, Calif 






2,746 
112, 571 
15, 895 
35, 279 
20,925 
3,559 
64,186 
98, 915 
4,120 

70,324 
57,730 
78,800 
31,161 
233, 650 
11, 877 
31,433 
57, 699 
267, 779 

55, 482 
39, 437 
82, 331 

248, 381 

21,371 
36, 346 
15, 181 
47,227 
31, 229 

85,892 
43, 973 
45, 941 
17,809 
319, 198 
223, 928 
106, 294 
89, 336 
40, 665 

25,531 
44,404 
70,063 
42, 694 
23,150 
131, 105 
5,471 
373, 857 
301, 408 

51, 521 
38, 136 
30, 919 
110,364 
347, 469 
96,652 
43, 916 
133, 605 
339, 075 
28,867 

39,806 
4, 766, 883 
30,445 
67, 452 
150, 174 
19,444 
64,205 
124,096 
30, 291 
54. 773 


13, 536 
137, 634 
19, 861 
39, 675 
36,004 
48, 615 
75,917 
138,036 
46,499 

68, 166 
60,203 
138, 276 
50,177 
314, 194 
25,480 
48,374 
91, 558 
298, 103 

67, 327 
48, 487 
101, 177 

324,410 

40, 472 
77, 818 
41, 732 
53,150 
57, 327 

94,270 
54, 948 
65, 142 
55, 593 
576, 673 
234, 891 
112, 759 
99, 148 
52, 995 

38,378 
49, 103 
78,384 
46, 781 
39,038 
162, 351 
29, 571 
457, 147 
380, 582 

60, 777 
43, 464 
42,726 
118,342 
414, 524 
121,217 
59, 316 
162, 537 
387, 219 
36, 213 

46,054 
5,620,048 
50,760 
115,777 
216,201 
39, 858 
91, 295 
191,601 
45,354 
63.841 


62, 736 
168, 592 
53,569 
52, 176 
64,560 
56,268 
80, 339 
164,072 
52, 959 

59, 261 
56,537 
292, 352 
75, 572 
364, 161 
56, 733 
55, 187 
129, 549 
316, 715 

66,993 

54, 786 
121, 857 

399, 746 

50,262 
105, 802 
70,509 
59, 949 
78,397 

85, 068 
75, 933 
81, 679 
142, 032 
1,238,048 
307, 745 
100, 234 
102, 320 
53,829 

57,899 
58, 036 
76,834 
54,632 
59, 714 
253, 143 
110,637 
578, 249 
464, 356 

68, 202 
66,079 
61,499 
153, 866 
442,337 
112, 597 
68,128 
162, 655 
458, 762 
54,000 

65, 276 
6, 930, 446 
75,460 
129/710 
284,063 
63, 982 
185, 389 
214,006 
76,086 
62, 959 


9,032 
56, 079 
13,364 
27,201 
' 14, 953 
2,073 
59,268 
40, 327 
19,605 

14,473 
10, 994 
72, 433 
44,720 
219, 297 
9,806 
30, 658 
39,960 
87,083 

34, 207 
27, 873 
56, 575 

209, 134 

11,409 
63, 558 
20,557 
42, 126 
38, 373 

12,325 
33, 381 
40,851 
37,888 
294,458 
139, 403 
24, 676 
33,988 
27,923 

19, 145 
15,087 
18, 851 
16,284 
15,463 
82, 795 
14,348 
130, 845 
133, 178 

29,060 
21,145 
15, 010 
74, 022 
113,413 
20,098 
11, 161 
44,401 
190, 641 
11, 730 

20,148 
1,164,834 
13, 477 
57, 759 
90,279 
20,206 
71,446 
86,525 
27,966 
8.816 


43, 217 
79, 450 
38,086 
40, 112 
34,606 
4,185 
62, 204 
45, 582 
23,079 

13, 372 
13, 221 
173, 692 
66, 854 
265, 349 
21, 101 
36,202 
68, 915 
100, 101 

34, 687 
34,009 
72, 256 

270, 885 

17,232 
85, 432 
38, 279 
48, 468 
54, 461 

14, 039 
50,501 
55,838 
99, 992 
618,028 
212, 121 
26,929 
34, 370 
29,199 

35, 085 
17, 823 
21,377 
20, 368 
21,319 
137, 074 
64,072 
217, 729 
194, 704 

36,326 
33, 734 
20, 386 
103, 757 
108, 574 
22, 164 
13,600 
44, 770 
242, 282 
18, 292 

29,631 
1,505,200 
20,596 
72, 687 
131,755 
34,034 
154, 179 
108, 433 
44, 797 
9,888 


68.9 
47.1 
71.1 
76.9 
53.6 
7.4 
77.4 
27.8 
43.6 

22.6 
23.4 
59.4 
88.5 
72.9 
37.2 
65.6 
53.2 
31.6 

51.8 
62.1 
59.3 

67.8 

34.3 

80.7 
54.3 
80.8 
69.5 

16.5 
66.5 
68.4 
70.4 
49.9 
68.9 
26.9 
33.6 
54.2 

60.6 
30.7 
27.8 
37.3 
35.7 
54.1 
57.9 
37.7 
41.9 

53.3 
51. 1 
33.1 
67.4 
24.5 
19.7 
20.0 
27.5 
52. 8 
33.9 

45.4 
21.7 
27.3 
56.0 
46.4 
53.2 
83.2 
50.7 
58.9 
15.7 


Grand Rapids, Mich 
Greensboro, N. C_ 


60,278 
3,317 
17, 565 
5,428 


87,565 
10, 035 
23,914 
12, 376 


Hamilton, Ohio 




Hamtramck, Mich 


Harrisburg Pa 


39, 385 
53,230 


50,167 
79,850 
427 

59, 364 
45, 712 
44,633 
11,923 
169, 164 
5,255 
25,180 
28,429 
206, 433 

35, 936 
24,404 
51,418 

163, 752 

11,606 
32,637 
3,355 
41, 459 
16,485 

62, 559 
40, 169 
38, 307 
2,252 
102, 479 
204, 731 
94,969 
68, 513 
23,272 

19, 164 
33,664 
56,987 
34,227 
18, 244 
102, 320 
1,681 
285, 315 
202, 718 

38, 469 
30,346 
21,228 
80,865 
246,070 
62, 442 
25,998 
108,027 
287, 104 
14,720 

33,587 
3, 437, 202 
19,457 
46, 624 
66,960 


Hartford, Conn . 


Highland Park, Mich 


Hoboken N J 


43,648 
35,637 
27, 557 
10, 108 
105, 436 


Hoi yoke Mass 


Houston, Tex 


Huntington, W Va 


Indianapolis, Ind 


Irvington N J 


Jackson, Mich 


20,798 
17,201 
163,003 

21,805 
17,853 
38, 316 

132, 716 

6,532 
22,535 


Jacksonville, Fla 


Jersey City, N. J 


Johnstown, Pa 


Kalamazoo, Mich . 


Kansas City, Kans 


Kansas City, Mo . 


Kenosha, Wis 


Knoxville, Tenn 


Lakewood Ohio 


Lancaster, Pa _ 


32,011 
13, 102 

44, 654 
55, 154 
25, 874 
564 
50,395 
161, 129 
77,696 
55, 727 
22, 746 

13,426 
23,031 
44, 126 
20,741 
11,079 
64, 495 


Lansing, Mich 


Lawrence, Mass 


Lincoln Nebr 


Little Rock, Ark 


Long Beach Calif 


Los Angeles, Calif - 


Louisville, Ky 


Lowell, Mass 


Lynn, Mass 


Macon Ga 


Madison, Wis 


Maiden, Mass 


Manchester, N. H 


McKeesport, Pa 


Medford, Mass 


Memphis, Tenn 


Miami, Fla 


Milwaukee, Wis 


204,468 
164, 738 

31,076 
21,883 
10,830 
76,168 
181, 830 
40, 733 
16, 519 
81,298 
242,039 
9,057 

24,379 
2, 507, 414 


Minneapolis, Minn 


Mobile, Ala 


Montgomery, Ala 


Mount Vernon, N. Y 
Nashville, Tenn 


Newark, N. J 


New Bedford, Mass 
New Britain, Conn 


New Haven, Conn 


New Orleans, La 


NewRochelle, N. Y 
Newton, Mass 


New York, N. Y. 


Niagara Falls, N. Y 


Norfolk, Va 


34, 871 
48,682 


Oakland, Calif 


Oak Park, 111 


Oklahoma City, o'kla.-. 
Omaha, Nebr 


4,151 
140, 452 
4,882 
13.028 


10,037 
102, 555 
9,117 

27. 777 


Pasadena, Calif 


Passaic. N. J... 



1 Includes Indians, Chinese, Japanese, and other nonwhites. 
4 Population shown is for New York City as now constituted. 



POPULATION PRINCIPAL CITIES 

IN 1930 OVER 50,000 INHABITANTS Continued 



23 



Native white, foreign 
or mixed parentage 


Foreign-born white 


Negro and other 
races ! 


Sex, 1930 




Number 


Per 


Number 


Per 


Number 


Per 


m -_t-. 


TT/vrM1/\ 


City 


1920 


1930 


cent, 
1930 


1920 


1930 


cent, 
1930 


1920 


1930 


cent, 
1930 


jMaie 


r emaie 




2,738 


12,660 


20.2 


1,561 


5,762 


9.2 


205 


1,097 


1.7 


29,785 


32, 951 


Glendale. 


52,038 


58,865 


34.9 


28,355 


27,240 


16.2 


1,162 


3,037 


1.8 


82,340 


86,252 


Grand Rapids. 


354 


957 


1.8 


168 


472 


.9 


5,975 


14,054 


26.2 


25,566 


28,003 


Greensboro. 


8,473 


7,909 


15.2 


2,663 


2,183 


4.2 


1,338 


1,972 


3.8 


26,110 


26,066 


Hamilton. 


12,765 


19,552 


30.3 


8,118 


9,687 


15.0 


168 


715 


1.1 


33,639 


30, 921 


Hammond. 


21, 458 


27,901 


49.6 


23,062 


20,025 


35.6 


2,022 


4,157 


7.4 


30,0% 


26,172 


Hamtramck. 


7,242 


8,014 


10.0 


4,144 


3,704 


4.6 


5,263 


6,417 


8.0 


38,833 


41,506 


Harrisburg. 


52,687 


67, 357 


41.1 


40,667 


44,528 


27.1 


4,355 


6,605 


4.0 


80,015 


84, 057 


Hartford. 


13, 789 


14,239 


26.9 


12,661 


14, 362 


27.1 


444 


1,279 


2.4 


27,367 


25, 592 


Highland Park. 


29,945 


24,221 


40.9 


23,496 


21,160 


35.7 


252 


508 


.9 


32,634 


26,627 


Hoboken. 


28,782 


26,939 


47.6 


20,255 


16,232 


28.7 


172 


145 


.3 


26,918 


29,619 


Holyoke. 


19,823 


29,702 


10.2 


12, 012 


11,293 


3.9 


34,008 


77,665 


26.6 


145, 962 


146,390 


Houston. 


1,834 


2.974 


3.9 


732 


1,097 


1.5 


2,891 


4,647 


6.1 


37,081 


38,491 


Huntington. 


43,156 


40, 975 


11.3 


16,958 


13,740 


3.8 


34,783 


44,097 


12,1 


176, 647 


187, 514 


Indianapolis. 


10,058 


22,258 


39.2 


5,508 


13,239 


23.3 


108 


135 


.2 


28,174 


28,559 


Irvington. 


11,556 


12,070 


21.9 


5,316 


5,071 


9.2 


844 


1,844 


3.3 


28,072 


27,115 


Jackson. 


6,118 


8,052 


6.2 


3,894 


4,353 


3.4 


41,586 


48,229 


37.2 


62, 018 


67,531 


Jacksonville. 


126,945 


133, 473 


42.1 


75, 981 


70, 313 


22.2 


8,094 


12,828 


4.1 


159, 315 


157,400 


Jersey City. 


19,307 


21,060 


31.4 


12,142 


9,478 


14.1 


1,671 


1,768 


2.6 


33,579 


33, 414 


Johnstown. 


12,627 


13,300 


24.3 


7,207 


6,440 


11.8 


780 


1,037 


1.9 


26,931 


27,855 


Kalamazoo. 


18, 472 


19, 312 


15.8 


11,656 


7,593 


6.2 


14, 474 


22,696 


18.6 


60,867 


60,990 


Kansas City, 
























Kans. 


57,063 


62, 578 


15.7 


27,320 


24,278 


6.1 


30,893 


42,005 


10.5 


194,542 


205,204 


Kansas City, 
























Mo. 


16,235 


20,520 


40.8 


12,714 


12,257 


24.4 


114 


253 


5 


25,743 


24,519 


Kenosha. 


2,141 


2,449 


2.3 


812 


824 


.8 


11,307 


17,097 


i&2 


50,973 


54,829 


Knoxville. 


13,809 


22,424! 31.8 


7,255 


9,647 


13.7 


111 


159 


.2 


33, 475 


37,034 


Lakewood. 


7,387 


7,405 12.4 


2,714 


2,778 


4.6 


923 


1,298 


2.2 


28,618 


31, 331 


Lancaster. 


12,244 


15,848 20.2 


5,985 


6,630 


as 


725 


1,458 


1.9 


39,785 


38,612 


Lansing. 


42,604 


42, 172 49. 6 


39,063 


28,633 


33.7 


278 


224 


.3 


41, 502 


43,566 


Lawrence. 


13, 437 


17,608' 23.2 


7,198 


6,525 


8.6 


932 


1,299 


1.7 


36,048 


39,885 


Lincoln. 


5,008 


4, 743| 5. 8 


1,798 


1,373 


1.7 


17,485 


19,725 


24.1 


38,609 


43, 070 


Little Rock. 


10,353 


25,9291 18.3 


6,799 


13,255 


9.3 


553 


2,856 


2.0 


68, 256 73, 776 


Long Beach. 


140, 349 


273,708! 22.1 


112, 057 


181,848 


14.7 


29,-809 


164,464 


13.3 


610, 678 


627, 370 


Los Angeles. 


43, 745 


39,243 12.8 


11, 621 


8, 983! 2. 9 


40,122 


47,398 


15.4 


148,084 


159, 661 


Louisville. 


49, 793 


46,994 46.9 


3,040 


26,129 26.1 


250 


182 


o 


47,386 


52,848 


Lowell. 


36, 361 


39,954 


39.0 


27,858 


27,091 


26.5 


941 


905 


. 9 


49, 891 


52,429 


Lynn. 


1,277 


1,010 


1.9 


698 


455 


.8 


23,097 


23,165 


43! o 


24,767 


29,062 


Macon. 


14,068 


17,127 


29.6 


4,852 


5,274 


9.1 


313 


413 


. 7 


27,536 


30.363 


Madison. 


19, 365 


23,595 


40.7 


14, 105 


15,964 


27.5 


546 


654 


1.1 


27,728 


30, 308 


Maiden. 


31, 939 


33, 462 


43.6 


27,516 


21,944 


28.6 


78 


51 


.1 


36, 818 


40,016 


Manchester. 


17, 678 


21, 032 


38.5 


11, 870 


11,122 


20.4 


949 


2,110 


3.9 


27,994 


26,638 


McKeesport. 


14, 470 


24,109 


40.4 


8,554 


13, 672 


22.9 


551 


644 


1.0 


28,872 


30,842 


Medford. 


12,543 


14, 192 


5.6 


5,775 


5,262 


2.1 


61,238 


96,615 


38.2 


120,581 


132, 562 


Memphis. 


3,358 


13, 171 


11.9 


2,563 


8,218 


7.4 


9,302 


25,176 


22.8 


54,629 


56,008 


Miami. 


213,911 


241, 695 


41.8 


110,068 


109,383 


18.9 


2,323 


9,442 


1.6 


290,648 


287,601 


Milwaukee. 


155, 155 


183, 941 


39.6 


88,032 


80,834 


17.4 


4,217 


4,877 


1.1 


225,547 


238,809 


Minneapolis. 


5,788 


5,288 


7.8 


2,006 


1,992 


2.9 


23,923 


24,596 


36.1 


32,666 


35,536 


Mobile. 


1,725 


1,740 


2.6 


761 


631 


1.0 


19,833 


29,974 


45.4 


30, 635! 35, 444 


Montgomery. 


16,258 


23,163 


37.7 


10,090 


14,279 


23.2 


1,368 


3,671 


6.0 


29, 634 31, 865 


Mount Vernou. 


6,294 


5,480 


3.6 


2,387 


1,788 


1.2 


35,639 


42,841 


27.8 


71, 9451 81, 921 


Nashville. 


166,807 


178, 818 


40.4 


117,003 


115,204 


26.0 


17,301 


39, 741 


9.0 


223,763 


218, 574 


Newark. 


47, 355 


49, 371 


43.8 


48,689 


37,333 


33.2 


5,075 


3,729 


3.3 


54, 137 


58.460 


New Bedford. 


26,602 


33. 418 


49.1 


21,230 


20,746 


30.5 


323 


364 


5 


34,294 


33, 834 


New Britain. 


67,729 


72, 393 


44.5 


45,686 


40,091 


24.6 


4,721 


5,401 


3! 3 


79,549 


83,106 


New Haven. 


69,283 


65.766 


14.3 


25,992 


19,681 


4.3 


101, 303 


131,033 


28.6 


219,250 


239, 512 


New Orleans. 


13,349 


18, 416 


34.1 


8,457 


12,556 


23.3 


2,677 


4,736 


8.8 


26,762 


27,238 


New Rochelle. 


15,148 


21, 418 


32.8 


10, 179 


13, 557 


20.8 


579 


670 


1.0 


29,372 


35,904 


Newton. 


2, 303, 082 
18, 874 


2, 788, 625 
29,385 


40.2 
38.9 


1, 991, 547 
17,886 


2,293,400 33.1 
24,467 32.4 


160,585 
523 


343, 221 
1,012 


5.0 
1.3 


3, 472, 956 
38,778 


3, 457, 490 
36,682 


New York. 5 
Niagara Falls. 


7,880 


8,488 


6.5 


6,587 


4, 339 3. 3 


43,551 


44,196 


34.1 


65,049 


64,661 


Norfolk. 


68,563 


86,230 


30.4 


45, 162 


49,488 


17.4 


12,257 


16,590 


5.8 


142,434 


141,629 


Oakland. 


13,829 


21,353 


33.4 


5,634 


8,411 


13.1 


189 


184 


.3 


30,058 


33, 924 


Oak Park. 


7,948 


11,711 


6.3 


3,477 


3,143 


1.7 


8,424 


16,356 


8.8 


93, 751 


91, 638 


Oklahoma City. 


59, 140 


64,436 


30.1 


35,381 


28,788 


13.5 


10, 555 


12,349 


5.8 


105, 8% 


108, 110 


Omaha. 8 


9,011 


14, 472 


19.0 


6.785 


9,874 


13.0 


1,592 


6,943 


9.1 


33,740 


42, 346 


Pasadena. 


28,042 


29,856 


47. 4) 26, 365 


21,338 


33. 9 618 


1,877 


3.0 


31, 324 


31,635 


Passaic. 



Omaha and South Omaha cities consolidated between 1910 and 1920. Combined population, 1890, 
148,514; 1900, 128,556; 1910, 150,355. 



24 



POPULATION PRINCIPAL CITIES 

No. 20. POPULATION STATISTICS OF CITIES HAVING 



City 


Total population 


Native white, native 
parentage 


1890 


1900 


1910 


1920 


1930 


Number 


Per 

cent, 
1930 


1920 


1930 


Paterson, N. J 


78, 347 
27, 633 
41, 024 
1, 046, 964 
7343,904 
6,200 


105, 171 
39, 231 
56,100 
1, 293, 697 
'451,512 
9,769 
900 
50, 145 
90,426 

175, 597 
28,157 
23,899 
29, 102 
78,961 
85,050 
21, 495 
162,608 
31,051 

29,282 
42,345 
102, 979 
575, 238 
163, 065 
53, 531 
53,321 
17,700 
342, 782 

21, .500 
54, 244 
31,682 
102, 026 
80, 671 
16,013 
33,111 
61,643 
35,999 

36,848 
34, 159 
62, 059 
23,267 
38,253 
108, 374 
37, 714 
15. 839 
36, 673 

131,822 
33,608 
73, 307 
60,651 
1,390 
15, 187 
56, 383 
20,686 
278, 718 

45, 859 
38,878 
24, 671 
61,721 
76,508 
13,650 
118, 421 
47,981 
33,708 
44,885 


125,600 
51, 622 
66,950 
1, 549, 008 
533,905 
14,532 
7,663 
58,571 
207, 214 

224, 326 
41, 747 
32,642 
38,002 
96,071 
127, 628 
34, 874 
218, 149 
45, 401 

44, 696 
50.510 
77, 403 
687, 029 
214, 744 
92, 777 
96,614 
39, 578 
416, 912 

28,946 
65.064 
72, 826 
129.867 
237, 194 
28,015 
47,828 
77, 236 
53,684 

104, 402 
51,678 
88,926 
35. 201 
46, 921 
137, 249 
83, 743 
37, 782 
58, 157 

168,497 
43,684 
96.815 
76,813 
18, 182 
21,023 
74, 419 
26. 425 
331,069 

73,141 
41,641 

52, 4.50 
67, 105 
87,411 
22,700 
345,986 
79,803 
44,750 
79,066 


135, 875 
64, 248 
76, 121 
1, 823, 779 
588, 343 
34, 273 
22, 251 
69, 272 
258,288 

237, 595 
43,050 
47, 876 
58,593 
107, 784 
171,667 
50,842 
295. 750 
65, 651 

65,908 
61,903 
77, 939 
772, 897 
234,698 
118,110 
161, 379 
74, 361 
506, 676 

39, 642 
83, 252 
88,723 
!:-!7. 7X3 
315, 312 
43. 874 
71, 227 
93,091 
70, 983 

104, 437 
59, 183 
129,614 
39, 631 
60,840 
171.717 
96, 965 
51,608 
66,083 

243, 164 
50, 022 
119,289 
71,996 
72, 075 
20. 651 
91. 15T, 
3S, 5<H) 
437,571 

91,715 
56, 208 
72,217 
73, 833 
110. 168 
48, 395 
179, 754 
100, 176 
47, 512 
132, 3.58 


138,513 
77, 149 
104, 969 
1, 950, 961 
669, 817 
64,928 
50,902 
70,810 
301, 815 

252, 981 
50,0% 
71,983 
67,542 
111,171 
182, 929 
69,206 
328, 132 
85, 864 

93, 750 
80.715 
80, 935 
821, 960 
271, 606 
140, 267 
231, 542 
147,995 
634, 394 

57, 651 
85, 024 
95, 692 
143, 433 
365. 5X3 
76, 655 
79, 183 
103. 908 
104, 193 

115,514 
71,864 
149. 900 
57, 527 
68, 743 
209, 326 
106,817 
101, 161 
62,810 

290, 718 
64, 120 
123, 356 
72, 763 
141,258 
:,s. (i.v.t 
101, 740 
52, S4K 
'isr,, si;',) 

99,902 
61,6.59 
111, 110 
86, 626 
106, 597 
75, 274 
196,311 
134, 646 
5.5, 254 
170,002 


31, 824 

14, 780 
46, 213 
698, 782 
216, 530 
20, 031 
14, 762 
35, 969 
136, 216 

63,728 
23, 596 
14, 845 
17,211 
81,000 
102, 956 
39,000 
111,976 
24, 141 

32,696 
25, 805 
53, 531 
359, 482 
77, 378 
56, 234 
76, 299 
41, 333 
167, 179 

18,011 
34, 420 
35, 897 
48.715 
139, 701 
22,747 
38, 751 
32, 289 
33, 915 

57, 324 
35, 255 
48, 945 
33, 852 
43. 037 
SO, 072 

41.65; 
17, 542 
48, 976 

124, 055 
33, 594 
44, 195 
33, 080 
.v,.66<i 
5,807 
38,761 

25. S'.IT 
23'.), IKS 

22, 122 
34, 059 
5&062 

28,709 
56,868 
26, 91 1 

60,716 

30, 059 
41,669 

46, 459 


33,838 
20, 394 
73, 758 
740, 598 
272, 182 
38,178 
34, 121 
38,318 
166, 874 

70, 772 
30, 031 
25, 889 
25, 049 
79, 807 
115,536 
54, 153 
127, 435 
36,558 

47, 436 
36. 841 
60,694 
438, 592 
111,617 
78, 951 
99,602 
86, 933 
235, 298 

27, 497 

37, 846 
40,845 
55, 352 
174, 322 
43.901 
47, 745 
31.351 
57, 618 

67. 434 
46, 294 
5S, 056 
51,522 
50, 973 
101,920 
52, 217 
43, 096 
48, 337 

165, 182 
45, 759 
42, 397 
37,428 
111,931 
15,098 
:<s. 2'. 
37, 409 
262, 427 

26, 066 
3X. 93S 
01,590 
34,538 
56,838 
41,499 
58,699 
41, 788 
48,263 
62,605 


24.4 
26.4 
70.3 
38.0 
40.6 
58.8 
67.0 
54.1 
55.3 

28.0 
59.9 
36.0 
37.1 
71.8 
63.2 
78.2 
38.8 
42.6 

50.6 
45.6 
75.0 
53.4 


Pawtucket, R I 


Peoria, 111 .. 


Philadelphia, Pa 


Pittsburgh, Pa. 


Pontiac, Mich 


Port Arthur, Tex 


Portland, Me 


36,425 
46,385 

132, 146 
24,558 
16, 723 
21,014 
58,661 
81,388 
16, 159 
133, 896 
23,584 

26,386 
46, 322 
52, 324 
451, 770 
133, 156 
44,843 
37, 673 
16, 159 
298, 997 

18,060 
43, 189 
19,902 
75,215 
42,837 
11,979 
37,806 
40, 152 
21,819 

19, 922 
24,963 
44, 179 
21,850 
31,895 
88,143 
36,006 
' 5, 532 
30,217 

81,434 
31,007 
57,458 
60,956 


Portland, Oreg 


Providence, R. I 


Pueblo, Colo 


Quincy, Mass 


Racine, Wis 


Reading, Pa 


Richmond, Va 


Roanoke, Va 


Rochester, N. Y... 


Rockford, 111 . 


Sacramento, Calif 


Saginaw, Mich 


St Joseph, Mo 


St. Louis, Mo 


St. Paul, Minn 


41.1 

56.3 
43.0 
58.8 
37.1 

47.7 
44.5 
42.7 
38.6 
47.7 
57.3 
60.3 
30.2 
55.3 

58.4 
64.4 
38.7 
89.6 
74.2 
4X.7 
48. 9 
42.6 
77.0 

56.8 
71.4 
34.4 
51.4 
79.2 
25.7 
37.6 
70.8 
53. 9 

26.1 
63.2 
82.4 
39.9 
53.3 
55.1 
30.1 
31.0 
87.3 
36.8 


Salt Lake City, Utah.... 
San Antonio, Tex 


San Diego, Calif 


San Francisco, Calif 
San Jose, Calif 


Savannah, Ga 


Schenectady, N. Y 


Scranton, Pa ._ ._. 


Seattle, Wash 


Shreveport, La 


Sioux City, Iowa 


Somerville, Mass 


South Bend, Ind 


Spokane, Wash 


Springfield, 111 


Springfield, Mass -. - 


Springfield, Mo 


Springfield, Ohio 


Syracuse, N. Y 


Tacoma, Wash 


Tampa, Fla 


Terre Haute, Ind 


Toledo, Ohio . 


Topeka, Kans 


Trenton, N. J... 


Troy, N. Y 


Tulsa, Okla 


Union City, N. J. : 


10, 643 
44,007 
14,445 
230, 392 

28,646 
34,522 
23,853 
37, 718 
61,431 
10, 729 
84, 655 
32,033 
20, 793 
33,220 


Utica, N. Y . 


Waco, Tex.-. 


Washington D C 


Waterbury, Conn 


Wheeling. W. Va 


Wichita, Kans 


Wilkes-Barre, Pa... 


Wilmington, Del 


Winston -Salem, N. C_._ _ 
Worcester, Mass.. 


Yonkers, N. Y_. 


York, Pa .. 


Youngstown, Ohio 





1 Includes Indians, Chinese, Japanese, and other nonwhite. 

' Includes population of Allegheny, 1890, 105,287; 1900, 129,896. 

Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 



POPULATION PRINCIPAL CITIES 

IN 1930 OVER 50,000 INHABITANTS Continued 



25 



Native white, foreign 
or mixed parentage 


Foreign-bora white 


Negro and other 
races 1 


Sex, 1930 




Number 


Per 


Number 


Per 


Number 


Per 


HTnli 




City 


1920 


1930 


cent, 
1930 


1920 


1930 


cent, 
1930 


mo 


1930 


cent, 
1930 


Male 


FGIH&IS 




57,285 


58,977 


42.6 


45, 145 


42,609 


30.8 


1,621 


3,089 


2.2 


69,178 


69, 335 


Paterson. 


28,084 


34,226 


44.4 


21,024 


22,218 


28.8 


360 


311 


.4 


37, 314 


39,835 


Pawtucket. 


19,964 


21,241 


20.2 


7,790 


6,736 


6.4 


2,154 


3,234 


3.1 


52, 512 


52,457 


Peoria. 


591, 471 


619, 235 


31.7 


397, 927 


368,624 


18.9 


135, 599 


222,504 


11.4 


968,281 


982,680 


Philadelphia. 


213, 465 


233,063 


34.8 


120,266 


109,072 


16.3 


38,082 


55,500 


8.3 


332, 576 


337, 241 


Pittsburgh. 


8,429 


14, 189 


21.9 


5,185 


9,162 


14.1 


628 


3,399 


5.2 


34,987 


29,941 


Pontiac. 


2,153 


3,284 


6.5 


1,413 


1,570 


3.1 


3,923 


11,927 


23.4 


26,766 


24, 136 


Port Arthur. 


19, 692 


20,502 


29.0 


13,229 


11, 671 


16.5 


382 


319 


.5 


33,831 


36,979 


Portland, Me. 


69,631 


80,967 


26.8 


47, 114 


48,336 


16.0 


5,327 


5,638 


L9 


150,494 


151, 321 


Portland, Oreg. 


99,077 


111,894 


44.2 


68,951 


64,605 


25.5 


5,839 


5,710 


2.3 


121,227 


131, 754 


Providence. 


10,546 


10, 378 


20.7 


7,393 


4,722 


9.4 


1,515 


4,965 


9.9 


25,304 


24,792 


Pueblo. 


19, 214 


28,371 


39.4 


13, 749 


17, 652 


24.5 


68 


71 


.1 


35,439 


36,544 


Quincy. 


24,858 


27,602 


40.9 


16,199 


14,288 


21.2 


325 


603 


.9 


34,444 


33,098 


Racine. 


16,298 


19, 813 


17.8 


9,553 


9,563 


8.6 


933 


1,988 


1.8 


54,555 


56,616 


Reading. 


9,981 


10,289 


5.6 


4,637 


4,046 


2.2 


54,093 


53,058 


29.0 


85, 715 


97,214 


Richmond. 


1,630 


1,850 


2.7 


869 


831 


1.2 


9,343 


12, 372 


17.9 


33,271 


35,935 


Roanoke. 


110, 792 


123,163 


37.5 


71, 321 


74,696 


22.8 


1,661 


2,838 


.9 


160,261 


167, 871 


Rochester. 


23,641 


29,862 


34.8 


17,343 


18,164 


21.2 


526 


1,280 


1.5 


43,429 


42, 435 


Rockford. 


18,638 


24, 214 


25.8 


10, 873 


12, 612 


13.5 


3,701 


9,488 


10.1 


49,790 


43,960 


Sacramento. 


24, 119 


27,808 


34.4 


11,605 


11,099 


13.8 


374 


4,972 


6.2 


40,894 


39, 821 


Saginaw. 


13,758 


11,850 


14.6 


6,423 


3,880 


4.8 


4,227 


4,511 


5.6 


39,681 


41,254 


St. Joseph. 


239,894 


207,901 


25.3 


103,239 


80,386 


9.8 


70,282 


95,081 


11.6 


401,706 


420,254 


St. Louis. 


102, 198 


110, 885 


40.8 


51,595 


44,143 


16.3 


3,527 


4,961 


1.8 


131, 570 


140,036 


St. Paul. 


41,113 


41,884 


29.9 


19,434 


17,235 


12.3 


1,329 


2,197 


1.6 


69,033 


71,234 


Salt Lake City. 


33,854 


23,096 


10.0 


36,646 


8,039 


3.5 


14,580 


100,805 


43.5 


113, 676 


117,866 


San Antonio. 


17,660 


30,725 


20.8 


13,241 


16,366 


11.1 


2,127 


13, 971 


9.4 


74,290 


73,705 


San Diego. 


182, 643 


206,285 


32.5 


140,200 


153,386 


24.2 


16,654 


39,425 


6.2 


338,033 


296,361 


San Francisco. 


12, 952 


18,637 


32.3 


7,820 


9,631 


16.7 


859 


1,886 


3.3 


28,277 


29,374 


San Jose. 


6,363 


5,772 


6.8 


3,247 


2,451 


2.9 


39,222 


38,955 


45.8 


39,540 


45,484 


Savannah. 


31,858 


33,980 


35.5 


20,490 


20,161 


21.1 


478 


706 


.7 


48,869 


46,823 


Schenectady. 


59, 931 


61,888 


43.1 


28,568 


25,430 


17.7 


569 


763 


.5 


70,061 


73, 372 


Scranton. 


89,004 


103, 251 


28.2 


73, 875 


72, 975 


20.0 


12, 732 


15,035 


4.1 


186,083 


179,500 


Seattle. 


2,325 


3,851 


5.0 


1,2% 


1,541 


2.0 


17,506 


27,362 


35.7 


36,483 


40,172 


Shreveport. 


20,026 


21,488 


27.1 


11,216 


8,501 


10.7 


1,234 


1,449 


1.8 


39,295 


39,888 


Sioux City. 


36,254 


42,689 


41.1 


24,182 


29,545 


28.4 


366 


323 


.3 


50,065 


53,843 


Somerville. 


22,390 


29,051 


27.9 


13, 391 


14,020 


13.5 


1,287 


3,504 


3.4 


52,555 


51,638 


South Bend. 


29,230 


30,703 


26.6 


16,826 


16,190 


14.0 


1,057 


1,187 


1.0 


57, 816 


57, 698 


Spokane. 


14, 893 


15, 978 


22.2 


6,255 


6,245 


8.7 


2,780 


3,347 


4.7 


34,544 


37,320 


Springfield. 


46,604 


55, 967 


37.3 


31,250 


32,642 


21.8 


2, 815 


3,235 


2.2 


72,688 


77, 212 


Springfield. 


3,137 


3,380 


5.9 


973 


838 


1.5 


1,669 


1,787 


3.1 


27,502 


30,025 


Springfield. 


8,005 


7,353 


10.7 


2,757 


2,135 


3.1 


7,041 


8,282 


12.0 


33,887 


34,856 


Springfield. 


57,979 


70,244 


33.6 


32, 321 


35, 010 


16.7 


1,345 


2,152 


1.0 


103,680 


105, 646 


Syracuse. 


29,336 


32,546 


30.5 


20,563 


19,796 


18.5 


2,409 


2,258 


2.1 


54,154 


52,663 


Tacoma. 


11,837 


22,296 


22.0 


10,666 


14,430 


14.3 


11,563 


21, 339 


21.1 


49, 747 


51,414 


Tampa. 


9,779 


8,320 


13.2 


3,667 


2,665 


4.2 


3,661 


3,488 


5.6 


30,326 


32,484 


Terre Haute. 


75,185 


78,085 


26.9 


38,145 


33,474 


11.5 


5,779 


13,977 


4.8 


147, 691 


143,027 


Toledo. 


8,102 


8,548 


13.3 


4,000 


2,295 


3.6 


4,326 


7,518 


11.7 


30,461 


33,659 


Topeka, 


40,634 


46,082 


37.4 


30,073 


26,757 


21.7 


4,387 


8,120 


6.6 


61,938 


61, 418 


Trenton. 


26,827 


24,454 


33.6 


11, 477 


10,203 


14.0 


612 


678 


.9 


34,418 


38,345 


Troy. 


5,216 


9,275 


6.6 


2,025 


2,690 


1.9 


9,174 


17, 362 


12.3 


70, 114 


71,144 


Tulsa. 


8,952 


24,959 


42.5 


5,862 


18, 535 


31.6 


30 


67 


.1 


29,116 


29,543 


Union City.* 


36,756 


41,642 


40.9 


23,257 


21,309 


20.9 


392 


496 


.5 


49, 189 


52,551 


Utica. 


3,098 


3,178 


6.0 


1,767 


1,184 


2.2 


7,738 


11,077 


21.0 


25,516 


27,332 


Waco. 


58,824 


61, 555 


12.6 


28,548 


29,932 


6.1 


110, 711 


132, 955 


27.3 


231,883 


254,986 


Wash., D. C. 


38,695 


44,314 


44.4 


29,894 


27,811 


27.8 


1,004 


1,711 


1.7 


50,299 


49,603 


Waterbury. 


14,720 


15,441 


25.0 


5,796 


5,071 


8.2 


1,633 


2,209 


3.6 


29,852 


31,807 


Wheeling. 


7,560 


10,460 


9.4 


3,021 


2,263 


2.0 


3,594 


6,788 


6.1 


54,174 


56,936 


Wichita. 


30,000 


36, 4861 42. 1 


14,567 


14,688 


17.0 


557 


914 


1.1 


42,624 


44,002 


Wilkes-Barre. 


26,235 


25,029 


23.5 


16, 279 12, 592 


11.8 


10,786 


12,138 


11.4 


53,297 


53,300 


Wilmington. 


442 


778 


1.0 


296 


428 


.6 


20,746 


32,569 


43.3 


35, 792 


39,482 


Winston-Salem. 


74, 257 


84,072 


43.0 


58,418 


51,047 


26.1 


1,363 


1,493 


.8 


95,488 


99,823 


Worcester. 


42, 419 


55,381 


41.1 


25,700 


34,065 


25.3 


1,998 


3,412 


2.5 


66,827 


67,8191 Yonkers. 


3,343 


3,470 


6.3 


1,193 


1,245 


2.3 


1,424 


2.276 


4.1 


26,823 


28,431 


York. 


45,302 


59,565 


35.0 


33,834 


32,938 


19.4 


6,763 14,894 


8.8 


86,739 


83,263 


Youngstown. 



8 Union and West Hoboken towns consolidated as Union City in 1925, combined population 1900, 
38,281; 1910j 56,426; 1920, 60,725. 
Population shown is for District of Columbia, with which the city is now coextensive. 



26 



POPULATION FOREIGN BORN BY COUNTRY OF BIRTH 



No. 21. FOREIGN-BORN POPULATION, ALL RACES, BY COUNTRY OF 
BIRTH: CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES 



Country of birth 


Number 


Per cent of 
increase 1 


1880 


1890 


1900 


1910 


1920 


1930 


1910- 
1930 


mo- 
mo 


Total foreign born 


6, 679, 943 
5,744,311 


9, 249, 560 


10, 341, 276 


13, 515, 886 
11,791,841 


13, 920, 892 
11, 882, 053 


14,204,149 


3.0 

~Ti 


2.0 

""-^r 

-1.1 


Europe 


8, 020, 60S 


8, 871, 780 


11,748,899 


Northwestern Europe... 


3, 494, 484 
664, 160 
170,136 
83, 302 

]l,854,571 

181,729 
194, 337 
64,196 
58,090 
15, 535 
12, 836 
88,621 
106, 971 

2, 187, 778 
1, 966, 742 
48, 557 


4, 380, 752 
909,092 
242, 231 
100. 079 

1, 871, 509 

322, 665 
478, 041 
132, 543 
81, 828 
22,639 
2,882 
104, 069 
113, 174 

3, 420, 629 

2, 784, 894 
147, 440 


4, 202, 683 
840, 513 
233, 524 
93, 586 

1, 615, 459 

336, 388 
582, 014 
153, 690 
94, 931 
29,757 
3,031 
115, 593 
104, 197 

4, 136, 646 
2, 663, 418 
383, 407 


4, 239, 067 

877, 719 
261, 076 

82,488 

1, 352, 251 

403, 877 
665, 207 
181, 649 
120, 063 
49,400 
3,071 
124, 848 
117, 418 

6, 024, 041 
'2,311,237 
3 937, 884 


3, 830, 094 
813, 853 
254, 570 
67, 066 

1,037,234 

363, 863 
625, 585 
189, 154 
131, 766 
62, 687 
12, 585 
118,659 
153, 072 

8, 134, 845 
1, 686, 108 
1,139,979 
362, 438 
575, 627 
397, 283 
169, 439 


3. 728, 050 
809. 563 
354, 323 
60, 205 
f 178,832 
I 744,810 
347, 852 
595, 250 
182. 238 
133, 133 
64. 194 
9, 048 
113,010 
135, 592 

5, 897. 799 
1, 608, 814 
1,268,583 
491,638 
370, 914 
274, 450 
211,416 


-9.8 
-7.3 
2.5 


-2.7 
-.5 

39.2 
-10.2 


England 


Scotland 


Wales 


-18.7 
}-23. 3 

-9.9 
-6.0 
4.1 
9.7 
26.9 
309.8 
-5.0 
30.4 

1.8 
-27.0 
21.5 


Northern Ireland 


Irish Free State 


11.0 

-4.4 
-4.8 
-3.7 
1.0 
2.4 
-28.1 
-4.8 
-11.4 

-3.9 

4. 6 


Norway 


Sweden... 


Denmark and Iceland 2 


Netherlands 


Belgium * ._ 


Luxemburg 


Switzerland 


France 2 . ... 


Centraland Eastern Europe 


Poland 3 


11.3 
35.6 
35.6 


Czechoslovakia * 


Austria * 


124, 024 
11, 526 


241, 377 
62, 435 


432, 798 
145, 714 


3 845, 555 
495,609 


31.9 


Hungary ' 


-19.8 


-30.9 
24.8 


Yugoslavia * 


Serbia 5 








4,639 
5,374 




Montenegro 5 
















Russia and Lithuania 


35, 722 


182, 644 


| 423,726 

1 62,641 
15, 032 


31,184,412 

129,680 
65, 923 
11,498 
732,230 
1,525,875 
101, 282 
( 7 ) 
1, 343, 125 
22, 108 
59, 360 

2,858 
191.484 


1,535,563 

149, 824 
102, 823 
10, 477 
5,284 

1,911,213 

175, 976 
5,608 
1,610,113 
49, 535 
69, 981 

5,901 
237, 950 


(1,347,234 
I 24, 223 
142. 478 
146. 393 
9.399 
2,257 

2, 106, 295 


} 29.6 

15.5 
56.0 
-8.9 
-83.6 
25.3 
73.7 


-10.7 

-4.9 
42.4 
-10.3 
-57.3 

10.2 

-.8 
57.2 
11.2 
19.8 
4.5 

175.5 
15.8 


Latvia and Estonia 


Finland 


Rumania 3 


Bulgaria * 






Turkey in Europe * 


1,205 
58,265 

776 


1,839 
206,648 

1,887 


9,910 
530,200 

8,515 


Southern Europe 


Greece 1 


174, 526 
8,814 
1, 790, 429 
59, 362 
73, 164 

16,255 
275, 865 


Albania . . 


Italy* 


44,230 
5, 121 
8,138 

3,788 
107, 630 


182, 580 
6,185 
15, 996 

12, 579 
113,396 


484, 027 
7,050 
30, 608 

2,251 
120, 248 


19.9 
124.1 
17.9 

106.5 
24.3 


Spain 


Portugal 


Other Europe 


Asia 


Armenia, Palestine, Syria, and 
Turkey in Asia 


104, 468 
401 
1,707 
1,054 

807, 230 


106, 701 
. 2,292 
2,143 
2,260 

1, 088, 245 


() 
81, 534 
24, 788 
2,031 
11, 895 

1, 317, 380 


59,729 
56, 756 
67, 744 
4,664 
2,591 

1, 489, 231 


102, 751 
43, 560 
81, 502 
4,901 
5,236 

1,727,017 


142, 184 
46, 129 
70, 993 
5,850 
10, 509 

2, 102, 209 


72.0 
23.3 


38.4 
5.9 
12.9 


China 




20.3 
5.1 
102.1 

16.0 


India 


19.4 
100.7 

21.7 


Other Asia 


America 


Canada and Newfoundland 8 _ . 
Canada 
French 8 


717, 157 


980, 938 

302, 496 
678, 442 


1, 179, 922 

395, 126 
784, 796 


1, 209, 717 

385, 083 
819, 554 
5,080 
47, 635 
221,915 
9,964 

43, 330 


1, 138, 174 

307, 786 
817, 139 
13, 249 
78, 962 
486, 418 
23, 463 

73, 672 


1, 310, 369 
370, 852 


-5.9 

-20.1 
-3 

160. 8 
65.8 
119.2 
135.5 

70.0 


15.1 

20.5 
12.0 
81.0 
34.5 
31.9 
88.1 

5.7 


Other 8 . 




915, 537 
23. 980 
106, 241 
641, 462 
44, 137 

77, 876 


Newfoundland * 




West Indies 


16, 401 
68,399 
5,273 

20,772 


23, 256 
77,853 
6,198 

27, 311 


25, 435 
103, 393 
8,630 

31,868 


Mexico 


Central and South America 
Allother 





A minus sign ( ) denotes decrease. 

2 Boundaries changed between 1910 and 1920. Statistics for 1910 relate to pre-war boundaries. 

3 Persons reported in 1910 asof Polish mother tongue born in Germany (190,096), Austria (329,418), and 
Russia (418,370) have been deducted from the respective countries and combined as Poland for compari- 
son with number reported in 1920 as born in Poland. Though Poland before 1919 was divided among 
Russia, Germany, and Austria, the censuses of 1880 to 1900 listed it as a country of birth. 

Created since 1910. 

* Included as part of Yugoslavia in 1920 and 1930. 

Turkey in Asia included with Turkey in Europe prior to 1910. 

7 Albania included with Turkey in Europe in 1910 and earlier years. 

8 Newfoundland included with Canada prior to 1910. 

Except possessions of the United States. 

Source: Bureau of the Census. Department of Commerce. 



POPULATION FOREIGN BORN BY COUNTRY OF BIRTH 



27 



tfo. 22. FOREIGN-BORN WHITE POPULATION, BY COUNTRY OF BIRTB: 

CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES 



Country of birth 


1920 


1930 


Country of birth 


1920 


1930 


Number 


Sp**f 


Per 
cent 


Number 


Per 

cent 


Number 


Per 
cent 


Total 


13, 712, 754 


100.013,366,407 


100.0 


E. Europe Contd 


10, 477 

5,284 

1, 908, 389 
175, 972 
1, 610, 109 
49, 247 
67,453 

11,509 

110,450 
11,014 
36, 626 
55, 102 
7,708 

1, 656, 801 
307, 786 
810, 092 
13,242 
M78.383 

|} 26,369 

20,929 

67, 512 
10,801 

0) 
|| 38,984 

17,727 


0.1 

(*) 
13.9 
1.3 
11.7 
.4 
.5 

.1 

.8 
.1 
.3 

.4 
.1 

12.1 
2.2 
5.9 
.1 
3.5 

.2 

.2 

.5 
.1 
0) 

.3 

- 1 


9,399 

2,257 

2, 093, 226 
174, 526 
1, 790, 424 
58,302 
69, 974 

25,065 

157, 580 
46,651 
32,166 
63,362 
15,401 

1, 895, 070 
370, 852 
907,569 
23,971 
23,743 
f 15,944 
I 15,482 

37,509 

73, 638 
12,720 
2,764 
f 35,427 

1 4,052 

18, 673 


0.1 

( 2 ) 
15.7 
1.3 
13.4 
.4 
.5 

.2 

1.2 
.3 
.2 
.5 
.1 

10.4 
2.8 
6.8 
.2 
.2 
.1 

.3 

.6 
.1 

(1) 3 

( 2 ) 
.1 


Europe 


11,877,991 

3, 828, 876 
812, 828 
254,567 
67,066 

}l, 037, 233 

363, 862 
625,580 
i 189, 154 
131, 766 
62,686 
12,585 
118,659 
152, 890 

4, 330, 860 
1, 686, 102 
1, 139, 978 
362, 436 
575, 625 
397, 282 
169, 437 

1, 803, 965 
1, 400, 489 

135,068 
149, 824 
102, 823 


86.6 

27.9 
5.9 
1.9 
.5 

7.6 

2.7 
4.6 
1 1.4 
1.0 
.5 
.1 
.9 
LI 

31.6 
12.3 
8.3 
2.6 
4.2 
2.9 
L2 

13.2 
10.2 

1.0 
1.1 

.7 


11,740,121 

3, 724, 035 
808,672 
354,323 
60,205 
/ 178,832 
\ 744, 810 
347, 852 
595,250 
179, 474 
133, 133 
64, 194 
9,048 
113,010 
135, 232 

4,225,815 
1, 608, 814 
1,268,583 
491, 638 
370, 914 
274,450 
211, 416 

1, 871, 980 
(1,153,624 
\ 20, 673 
3,550 
193,606 
142, 478 
146, 393 


87.8 

27.9 
6.1 
2.7 
.5 
1.3 
5.6 
2.6 
4.5 
1.3 
1.0 
.5 
.1 
.8 
1.0 

31.8 

12.0 
9.5 
3.7 
2.8 
2.1 
1.6 

12.5 
8.6 
.2 
(') 
1.4 
1.1 
1.1 


Turkey in Eu- 
rope 


Northwestern Eu- 
rope 


Southern Europe .. 
Greece 


England 


Scotland 


Italy 


Wales 




Northern Ireland 
Irish Free State . 
Norway 


Portugal 


Other Europe 
Asia 


Sweden 


Denmark 


Turkey in Asia... 

Armp.nia 


Netherlands 
Belgium 


Palestine and Syri 
Other Asia 


Luxemburg 


Switzerland- ... 


America - -.. 


Central Europe 
Germany 


Canada French.. 
Other 


Newfoundland 


Poland -. 


Mexico --. 


Czechoslovakia- . 
Austria 


Cuba 


Other West Indies 
Central and South 
AmerirA 


Hungary 


Yugoslavia 


Eastern Europe 
Russia 


Other countries . 
Australia 


Latvia 


Iceland 


Estonia 


Azores . .. 


Lithuania 


Other Atlan tic 
islands _'__. 

All other 


Finland 


Riiniftnia 






1 Iceland included with Denmark. * Less than one-tenth of 1 per cent. 
Made up largely of persons who would have been classified as Mexicans in 1930. See note 2, Table 14. 
4 Except possessions of the United States. 



No. 23. URBAN AND RURAL FOREIGN-BORN WHITE POPULATION, BY 
COUNTRY OF BIRTH: CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES, 1930 



Country of birth 


Urban 


Rural 


Per cent 
urban 


Country of birth 


Urban 


Rural 


Percent 
urban 


Total 


10, 726, 859 


2, 639, 548 


80.3 


E. Europe Contd. 


131, 465 
7,346 
2,158 

1, 830, 701 
159, 376 
1, 573, 003 
46,181 
52, 141 

21, 739 
142, 889 
43,272 
28,829 
57, 357 
13, 431 
1,092,246 
292,564 
696, 174 
22, 021 
18, 596 
15,128 
13,960 
33,803 
58, 118 
10,208 
1,348 
23,382 
3,427 
14,753 


14,928 
2,053 
99 

262, 525 
15,150 
217, 421 
12, 121 
17,833 

3,326 
14, 691 
3,379 
3,337 
6,005 
1,970 
302, 824 
78,288 
211,395 
1,950 
5,147 
816 
1,522 
3,706 
20, 518 
2,512 
1,416 
12,045 
625 
3,920 


89.8 
78.2 
95.6 

87.5 
91.3 
87.9 
79.2 
74.5 

86.7 
90.7 
92.8 
89.6 
90.5 
87.2 
78.3 
78.9 
76.7 
91.9 
78.3 
94.9 
90.2 
90.1 
72.1 
80.3 
48.8 
66.0 
84.6 
79.0 


Europe 


9, 438, 606 
2, 821, 391 
641,200 
295, 541 
45,968 
150, 782 
671, 727 
194, 936 
408,032 
107, 127 
80,466 
47, 136 
5,693 
67, 918 
104,865 
3, 312. 950 
1, 176, 950 
1, 0%, 114 
348, 261 
308, 482 
228,642 
154,501 
1,451,825 
1, 041, 173 
168,090 
18,744 
2,982 
79,867 


2, 301, 515 
902,644 
167, 472 
58,782 
14,237 
28,050 
73,083 
152, 916 
187, 218 
72, 347 
52,667 
17,058 
3,355 
45,092 
30, 367 
912, 865 
431,864 
172,460 
143, 377 
62,432 
45,808 
56,915 
220, 155 
112,451 
25, 516 
1,929 
568 
62,611 


80.4 
75.8 
79.3 
83.4 
76.4 
84.3 
90.2 
56.0 
68.5 
59.7 
60.4 
73.4 
62.9 
60.1 
77.5 
78.4 
73.2 
86.4 
70.8 
83.2 
83.3 
73.1 
86.8 
90.3 
86.8 
90.7 
84.0 
56.1 


Bulgaria - - -. 


Northwestern Europe.. 
England 


Turkey in Europe... 


Scotland.. .-. 


Greece 


Wales 


Italy 


Northern Ireland.... 
Irish Free State 
Norway ... . 


Spain 


Portugal 


Other Europe 




Dp-Timark 


Asia 


Netherlands.. 


Turkey in Asia -. .. 


Belgium 


Armenia -.- 


TiiiYftmhnrg 


Palestine and Syria ... 
Other Asia 


Switzerland 


France 




Central Europe 


Canada French 
Other 


Germany 


Poland 


Newfoundland 


C zechoslo vakia 


Mexico 


Austria 


Cuba 


Hungary 


Other West Indies 1 ... 
Cen. and S. America-- 
Other countries 
Australia 


Yugoslavia 


Eastern Europe 


Russia 


Lithuania 


Iceland 


Latvia 


Azores 


Estonia 


Other Atlantic islands 
All other 


Finland 







i Except possessions of the United States. 

Source of Tables 22 and 23: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 



28 



POPULATION FOREIGN-BORN WHITE 

No. 24. FOREIGN-BORN WHITE POPULATION 



Division and State 


Total 
foreign- 
born 
white 


Northwestern Europe 


United Kingdom 


Irish 
Free 

State 


Nor- 
way 


Swe- 
den 


Den- 
mark 


Neth- 
er- 
lands 


Bel- 
gium 


Eng- 
land 


Scot- 
land 


Wales 


North- 
ern 
Ire- 
land 


Continental 
United States. 

New England _ .. 


13, 368, 407 


808, 672 


354, 323 


60, 205 


178, 832 


744, 810 


347, 852 


595, 250 


179, 474 


133, 133 


64,194 


1, 834, 310 
100,368 
82,660 
43,061 
1,064,636 
170, 714 
382, 871 

5, 269, 042 
3, 191, 549 
844,442 
1,233,051 

3, 223, 924 
644, 151 
135, 134 
1,218,158 
840,268 
386, 213 

1, 059, 277 
388,294 
165, 735 
149,390 
105, 148 
65, 648 
115,346 
69, 716 

304,278 
16,885 
95,093 
29,932 
23,820 
51,520 
8,788 
5,266 
13, 917 
59,057 

57, 665 
21,840 
13,066 
15, 710 
7,049 

170, 232 
10, 173 
34, 910 
26,753 
98,396 

287, 914 
72,961 
30,454 
19,658 
85,406 
7,797 
15, 591 
43, 772 
12, 275 

1, 159, 765 
244,256 
105,475 
810,034 


135, 490 
4,463 
3,922 
1,929 
78,418 
24,696 
22,062 

276, 133 

146, 485 
51,629 
78,019 

170,013 
40,665 
7,465 
50,685 
62, 721 
8,477 

38,641 
8,445 
9,045 
7,919 
1,592 
2,159 
4,213 
5,268 

25, 673 
1,302 
5,067 
2,835 
3,088 
3,282 
1,208 
479 
1,328 
7,084 

5,059 
1,478 
1,351 
1,760 
470 

11, 193 
800 
1,512 
2,099 
6,782 

33, 070 
6,020 
3,252 
2,105 
6,891 
648 
2,309 
10,851 
994 

113,400 
20,304 
8,077 
85,019 


54, 226 
1,906 
1,728 
1,454 
32, 724 
6,401 
10,013 

137, 861 
67, 623 
34, 721 
35, 517 

84,579 
17,862 
3,898 
24,839 
35, 257 
2,723 

13, 035 
3,241 
2,871 
2,419 
891 
612 
1,223 
1,778 

8,859 
562 
1,920 
884 
1,239 
1,267 
477 
179 
534 
1,797 

1,941 
524 
433 
860 
124 

3,241 
229 
435 
866 
1,711 

10, 934 

2,721 
1,025 
1,424 
2,877 
354 
579 
1,669 
285 

39,647 
8,024 
3,820 
27,803 


2,884 
137 
72 
462 
1,358 
224 
581 

26, 336 
7,037 
1,532 
17, 767 

14, 585 
6,897 
934 
3,277 
2,236 
1,241 

3,882 
582 
1,183 
573 
111 
265 
383 
785 

1,797 
45 
477 
116 
132 
607 
35 
13 
83 
289 

377 

114 
104 
141 

18 

612 
51 
66 
235 
260 

3,385 
580 
355 
222 
1,061 
99 
139 
862 
67 

6,397 
1,694 
592 
4,111 


33, 527 
827 
1,010 
377 
20,378 
3,845 
7,090 

92, 559 
41, 521 
15,750 
35,288 

23, 322 
5,028 
1,045 
10,054 
6,138 
1,057 

6,750 
1,403 
1,778 
1,308 
329 
351 
801 
780 

3,637 
900 
813 
493 
375 
222 
63 
90 
147 
534 

567 
191 
160 
162 
54 

1,212 

100 
234 
262 
616 

3,173 
1,095 
284 
179 
900 
91 
235 
234 
155 

14, 085 
2,154 
1,039 
10,892 


198, 113 

3,288 
4,807 
1,429 
138, 366 
13, 895 
31, 328 

861, 502 
251,704 
47,486 
62, 312 

93, 881 
17, 879 
3,931 
57,208 
11,390 
3,473 

23, 983 
5,095 
4,179 
8,561 
863 
862 
2,502 
1,921 

12, 163 
1,364 
4,032 
3,026 
789 
659 
253 
185 
546 
1,309 

2,758 
1, 656 
491 
413 
198 

4,921 
354 
970 
690 
2,907 

10, 252 
3,950 
616 
584 
3,184 
218 
653 
584 
463 

42, 237 
4,942 
2,802 
34,493 


8,860 
534 
396 
127 
5,454 
543 
1,806 

55, 697 
44,882 
7,870 
2,945 

74, 228 
1,650 
730 
30, 256 
7,201 
34, 391 

131, 904 
71,562 
12, 932 
575 
31, 337 
13,061 
1,691 
746 

2,591 
141 
703 
228 
318 
57 
95 
65 
125 
859 

447 
46 
68 
265 
68 

2,292 
72 
487 
243 
1,490 

15, 350 
8,991 
2,148 
647 
1,261 
119 
295 
1,698 
191 

56, 483 
31,429 
7,450 
17,604 


66, 023 

1,882 
1,608 
1,089 
36, 810 
6,181 
18,453 

91,045 
61,233 
13,360 
16,452 

165, 785 
7,390 
4,666 
111,016 
23,905 
18, 808 

147, 988 
90,623 
16, 810 
3,895 
8,470 
6,540 
14, 335 
7,315 

4,940 
294 
764 
435 
467 
303 
160 
106 
266 
2,145 

1,246 
170 
232 
638 
206 

5,534 
249 
433 
835 
4,017 

25, 839 
5,655 
4,200 
1,783 
85*28 
263 
778 
4,389 
443 

86, 850 
34,084 
11,032 
41, 734 


7,625 
840 
166 
140 
3,070 
280 
3,129 

26, 978 
17,407 
6,665 
2,906 

42, 397 
2,184 
964 
18, 945 
7,210 
13,094 

50, 193 
13,831 
14, 698 
1,497 
2,936 
5,298 
10, 210 
1,723 

>>% 

464 
229 
339 
75 
65 
39 
108 
921 

476 

72 
123 
182 
99 

2,819 
138 
315 
516 
1,350 

13, 246 
2,541 
1,667 
775 
2,374 
101 
364 
4,883 
541 

33,901 
7,175 
3,551 
23,175 


2,814 
41 
163 
34 

1,890 
138 
548 

30, 960 
14,909 
14, 762 
1,289 

57,443 
2,235 
1,992 
14, 828 
32, 128 
6,260 

20, 532 
4,832 
10, 135 
706 
658 
3,068 
620 
513 

1,624 
56 
343 
151 
264 
42 
201 
24 
67 
476 

295 
112 
56 
95 
32 

1,044 

80 
220 
166 
578 

5,038 
1,253 
341 
101 
810 
64 
100 
2,325 

13, 383 
3,484 
1,002 
8,897 


8,884 
51 
523 
22 
1,956 
907 
425 

12, 692 
6,144 
2,874 
3,674 

33, 053 

1,846 
3,254 
11,564 
13, 931 

2,458 

5, 590 
1,701 
932 
859 
238 
239 
525 
1,098 

1,397 
29 
152 
92 
101 
690 
19 
52 
45 
217 

184 
59 
28 
60 
37 

1,009 

7 
307 
217 
407 

1,343 

509 
118 
139 
390 
34 
50 
79 
24 

5,042 
1,242 
681 
3,119 


Maine 


New Hampshire . 
Vermont 


Massachusetts..- 
Rhode Island 
Connecticut 


Middle Atlantic 
New York 


New Jersey 


Pennsylvania 

East North Central.. 
Ohio 


Indiana 


Illinois 


Michigan 


Wisconsin 


West North Central- 
Minnesota 


Iowa 


Missouri 


North Dakota 
South Dakota 
Nebraska 


TCansas 


South Atlantic 


Delaware 


Maryland 


Dist.of Columbia- 
Virginia... 


West Virginia. 
North Carolina. _ 
South Carolina- 
Georgia 


Florida 


East South Central.. 
Kentucky 


Tennessee 


Alabama 


M ississippi 


West South Central. 
Arkansas 


Louisiana 


Oklahoma . 


Texas 


Mountain 


Montana. 


Idaho 


Wyoming 


Colorado 


New Mexico 
Arizona .. 


Utah 


Nevada 


Pacific 


Washington 
Oregon .. 


California 





POPULATION FOREIGN-BORN WHITE 

BY COUNTRY OF BIRTH, BY STATES, 1930 



29 



Northwestern 
Europe Continued 


Central Europe 


Eastern Europe 




























Division 


























and 


Lux- 
em- 
burg 


Switz- 
erland 


France 


Ger- 
many 


Poland 


Czecho- 
slova- 
kia 


Aus- 
tria 


Hun- 
gary 


Yugo- 
slavia 


Russia 


Lithu- 
ania 


Lat- 
via 


State 


9,048 


113,010 


135, 232 


1,608,814 


1, 268, 583 


491, 638 


370, 914 


274,450 


211,416 


1, 153, 624 


193,606 


20, 673 


U.S. 


78 


3,541 


11, 723 


50,005 


136, 774 


16,024 


11,946 


11, 107 


1,334 


103,310 41,753 


2,906 


N. E. 


5 


51 


314 


818 


1,706 


241 


230 


30 


16 


1, 880! 1, 121 


92 


Me. 


2 


82 


299 


1,517 


4,101 


132 


174 


47 


36 


1,427 1,084 


46 


N. H. 


1 


158 


182 


577 


1,562 


191 


132 


156 


71 


660 160 


21 


Vt. 


31 


1,272 


6,026 


20,538 


71,442 


2,966 


4,266 


905 


305 


67,684 25,219 


2,315 


Mass. 


11 


204 


2,013 


3,090 


8,696 


274 


838 


133 


24 


5, 890' 922 


93 


R. I. 


26 


1,774 


2,889 


23,465 


49,267 


12,220 


6,306 


9,836 


882 


25,769 13,247 


339 


Conn. 


867 


30,985 


52,449 


572, 571 


619, 628 


199, 705 


216,000 


136, 753 


54,662 


659,250 69,882 


9,052 


M. A. 


532 


16, 571 


32, 145 


349,196 


350,383 


56,176 


142,298 


70,631 


10, 917 


481,306 22,933 


5,971 


N. Y. 


117 


8,765 


10,520 


112, 753 


102, 573 


32, 358 


24,010 


32, 332 


3,643 


62, 152 


9,870 


1,194 


N. J. 


218 


5,649 


9,784 


110, 622 


166, 672 


111,171 


49, 692 


33,790 


40,102 


115, 792 


37,079 


1,887 


Pa. 


3,976 


27,066 


24, 101 


524, 437 


416, 569 


190,709 


82,600 


100,773 


102, 437 


175, 168 


67, 872 


4,451 


E. N. C. 


163 


7,624 


5,746 


95, 697 


64, 493 


68,738 


20,547 


47,026 


38,884 


32,627 


7, SPl 


721 


Ohio. 


66 


1,624 


2,160 


28,152 


17, 482 


8,325 


2. 709 


7,674 


6,646 


4,749 


2,109 


116 


Ind. 


2,786 


7,315 


10,155 


190, 605 


173, 007 


76,420 


33,336 


20,395 


28,173 


87 026 


44,733 


2,609 


m. 


375 


2,834 


4,581 


81,714 


119,228 


17,646 


13,299 


19,188 


16,468 


34,348 


9,340 


674 


Mich. 


596 


7,669 


1,459 


128,269 


42,359 


19,580 


12,709 


6,490 


12,266 


16, 418 


4,109 


331 


Wis. 


2,874 


11,660 


7,329 


228, 951 


34,419 


46,005 


22,924 


7,295 


17,049 


83, 728 


3,837 


684 


W. N . C. 


1,032 


2,041 


1,246 


59,993 


15, 015 


11,415 


7,288 


1,681 


8,888 


11,902 


1,283 


255 


Minn. 


873 


2,096 


1,435 


53,901 


1,875 


8,280 


1,596 


295 


1,306 


4,482 


835 


66 


Iowa. 


54 


3,578 


2,353 


42,276 


8,324 


4,495 


7,928 


3,484 


2,753 


15,689 


805 


167 


Mo. 


202 


369 


237 


10, 114 


2,128 


1,869 


1,407 


898 


336 


22,617 


121 


33 


N.Dak. 


380 


618 


229 


12,739 


717 


2,589 


678 


231 


223 


9,023 


46 


7 


S.Dak. 


204 


1,364 


558 


32,544 


4,445 


14, 313 


1.863 


372 


762 


11,234 


589 


145 


Nebr. 


129 


1,594 


1,271 


17,384 


1,915 


3,044 


2,164 


334 


2,781 


8,781 


158 


11 


Kans. 


85 


2,248 


3,950 


38, 225 


26,239 


8,309 


7,578 


6,787 


3,065 


35, 870 


5,681 


1,384 


S. A. 




75 


147 


1,459 


2,954 


159 


435 


157 


fj 


1 450 


90 


29 


Del 


19 


497 


773 


18, 925 


12,027 


3,344 


2,634 


1,219 


275 


18, 782 


3,422 


624 


lid. 


8 


360 


707 


3,411 


1,562 


193 


493 


228 


55 


4,914 


256 


142 


D. C. 


3 


191 


365 


2,505 


1,221 


927 


492 


560 


67 


2,989 


400 


261 


Va. 


11 


398 


546 


3,129 


5,545 


2,831 


2,254 


3,683 


2,440 


2,209 


1,009 


71 


W.Va. 


4 


87 


156 


903 


319 


50 


146 


70 


9 


758 


121 


31 


N.C. 


1 


26 


76 


747 


510 


52 


74 


32 


13 


556 


60 


49 


S. C. 




114 


278 


1,682 


1,156 


115 


225 


136 


39 


2,200 


155 


115 


Oa 


39 


500 


902 


5,464 


945 


638 


825 


652 


160 


2,012 


168 


62 


Fla. 


19 


1,561 


1,462 


12, 188 


2,711 


878 


1,239 


1,093 


550 


5,023 


424 


182 


E. S. C. 


4 


915 


583 


7, 552 


899 


194 


484 


557 


201 1, 629 


186 


40 


Ky. 


3 


443 


217 


1,783 


960 


131 


223 


208 


25 1,803 


106 


66 


Tenn. 


7 


150 


466 


2,114 


556 


483 


386 


284 


135 1, 067 


88 


49 


Ala. 


5 


53 


196 


739 


296 


70 


146 


44 


189J 524 


44 


27 


Miss. 


93 


2,681 


5,698 


38,411 


6,800 


14,885 


4,590 


1,241 


1,141 


10, 856 


580 


247 


W. S. C. 


7 


518 


254 2,989 


394 


404 


293 


67 


118 


401 


52 


10 


Ark. 


10 


260 


2,935 


3,616 


655 


332 


467 


361 


397 


1,375 


31 


23 


La. 


31 


493 


717 


5,893 


1,162 


1,867 


530 


191 


162 


3.613 


189 


74 


Okla. 


45 


1,410 


1,792 


25,913 


4,589 


12,282 


3,300 


622 


464 


5,467 


308 


140 


Tex. 


236 


5,593 


4.071 


28,731 


5,125 


5,018 


6,002 


1,572 


12, 133 


20,865 


614 


135 


Mt. 


108 


901 


653 


6,155 


1,144 


1,714 


1,435 


360 


3,877 


4,212 


175 


19 


Mont. 


41 


1,038 


381 


3,427 


227 


541 


399 


106 


489 


1,153 


18 


4 


Idaho. 


7 


250 


359 


1,714 


604 


521 


457 


175 


1.322 


1,375 


35 


6 


"Wyo. 


51 


1,202 


1,072 


9,988 


2,488 


1,714 


2,468 


690 


3,650 


12, 979 


262 


61 


Colo. 


5 


117 


259 


936 


97 


143 


316 


59 


490 


219 


24 


4 


N.Mex. 


12 


279 


303 


1,433 


253 


178 


341 


94 


784 


463 


58 


18 


Ariz. 


9 


1,419 


261 


4,104 


230 


119 


410 


72 


989 


342 


36 


15 


Utah. 


3 


387 


783 


974 


82 


88 


176 


16 


532 


122 


6 


8 


Nev. 


822 


27, 675 


24,449 


115, 295 


20, 318 


10, 105 


18, 035 


7,879 


19,045 


59,554 


2,963 


1,632 


Pac. 


263 


3,578 


1,986 


20,542 


3,942 


2,202 


3,128 


579 


4,761 


9,229 


868 


276 


Wash. 


122 


4,034 


1,144 12,913 


2,086 


1,691 


1,664 


404 


1, 541 1 6, 278 


319 


167 Oreg. 


437 


20,063 


21, 319! 81, 840 


14,290 


6,212 


13,243 


6,896 


12, 743 44, 047 


1,776 


1, 189 Calif. 



30 



POPULATION FOREIGN-BORN WHITE 

No. 24. FOREIGN-BORN WHITE POPULATION BY 



Division and State 


Eastern Europe Continued 


Southern Europe 


Other 
Eu- 
rope l 


Asia 


Es- 
tonia 


Fin- 
land 


Ru- 
mania 


Bul- 
garia 


Tur- 
key 
in 
Eu- 
rope 


Greece 


Italy 


Spain 


Port- 
ugal 


Ar- 
menia 


Pales- 
tine 
and 
Syria 


Continental 
United States. 

New England 


3,550 


142, 478 


146, 393 


9,399 


2,257 


174, 528 


1,790,424 


58, 302 


69, 974 


25,065 


82, 186 


63,362 


182 
4 
3 
5 
89 
10 
71 

1.949 
1,505 
234 
210 

401 
81 
10 
127 
123 
60 

58 
30 
4 
9 
7 
3 
3 
2 

119 
11 
39 
2 
9 
6 
4 
2 
6 
40 

12 


18, 503 
1,406 
1,386 
555 
13. 077 
448 
1,631 

22, 290 
17^444 
2,721 
2,125 

42, 946 
5,633 
265 
4,302 
27, 022 
5,724 

28, 328 
24, 360 
70 
100 
873 
825 
48 
52 

1,191 
50 
376 
69 
68 
144 
9 
38 
104 
333 

154 
27 
24 
51 
52 

297 
10 
82 
25 
180 

5,765 
2,' 700 
858 
633 
563 
41 
300 
507 
163 

25,004 
11,002 
5,507 
8,495 


3,4* 

35 
15 
1,689 
480 
1,178 

72, 826 
51, 014 
6,686 
15, 126 

48, 871 
19, 580 
3,292 
13, 172 
11, 482 
1,345 

9,012 
2,819 
284 
2,321 
2,518 
410 
336 
324 

2,743 
91 
811 
160 
172 
667 
33 
21 
143 
645 

464 
202 
98 
133 
31 

847 
36 
127 
140 
544 

1,435 
641 
110 
55 
450 
20 
75 
64 
20 

8,771 

787 
843 
5,141 


238 

li 

IK 

48 
50 

1,544 
978 
124 
442 

4,914 

1,686 
403 
1,037 
1,594 
194 

692 

238 
159 
151 
39 
46 
30 
29 

218 

It 
16 
9 
121 

1 
8 
38 

43 

2C 

ie 

4 

220 

33 
29 
109 
49 

640 
197 
29 
68 
271 
11 
18 
37 
9 

890 
247 
174 
469 


311 

1( 


25, 423 
748 
3,233 
225 
16, 780 
1,100 
3,337 

51,053 
33,387 
6,020 
11, 646 

49, 101 
12, 050 
4,087 
20,003 
10,061 
2,900 

8,018 
1,765 
1,910 
2,405 
303 
279 
822 
534 

11,449 
339 
1,617 
1,347 
1,285 
2,479 
1,006 
627 
1,197 
1,552 

2,304 
466 
528 
968 
342 

3,331 

312 
574 
642 
1,803 

6,718 
840 
414 
888 
1,230 
292 
356 
2,197 
499 

17, 131 
2,881 

1,575 
12, 675 


253, 098 

2,359 
1,938 
3,082 


**% 

20 
478 
798 
110 
917 

25, 517 
17, 695 
4,982 
2,840 

4,583 
1,556 
597 
1,030 
1,324 
56 

659 
42 
22 
460 
* 
1 
18 
102 

6,277 
121 
281 
148 
111 
1,372 
21 
19 
79 
4,125 

213 

97 
17 
68 
31 

1,437 
7 
666 
50 
714 

3,480 
67 
1,086 
119 
210 
152 
473 
274 
1,099 

13, 793 

497 
3,016 


35, 674 

78 
247 
46 
24, 840 
8, 118 
2,345 

10, 052 

5,106 
3,655 
1,291 

546 

185 
88 
102 
131 
40 

32 

5 
1 
14 
1 
] 
4 
6 

393 

33 
23 
57 
49 
9 
3 
90 
122 

39 

26 
3 
7 
3 

104 
1 
52 
12 
39 

224 
14 
18 
23 
15 
4 
21 
8 
121 

22, 910 
114 
101 
22, 695 


4,843 

261 
2O 

3, 11( 
282 
771 

8,604 
4,595 
1,040 
2,969 

7,500 
1,562 
362 


10, 687 

134 
151 
14 
7,705 
1,909 
774 

8,412 
4,874 
1,947 
1,591 

5,827 
468 
127 
1,635 

*8i 

267 
60 
68 
86 
22 

2< 


11,504 

486 
413 
274 
7,403 
1,249 
1,679 

21, 484 
13, 024 
2,939 
5,521 

12, 598 

4,496 
783 
1,551 
5,219 
549 

3,294 

705 
580 
889 
239 
233 
395 
253 

4,818 

133 
305 
569 
1,317 
701 
413 
411 
962 

1,801 

447 
133 
508 
713 

3,821 
227 
954 
838 
1,802 

1,207 
166 
45 
49 
281 
193 
299 
151 
23 

2,835 
294 
198 
2,343 


Maine _. 


New Hampshire... 
Vermont . . 


Massachusetts- 
Rhode Island 


217 
38 
33 

1,043 

849 
77 
117 

424 
96 
11 
99 
201 
17 

34 
19 


126, 103 
32, 493 
87,123 

1, 046, 159 

629, 322 
190, 858 
225, 979 

244,504 
71, 496 
6,873 
110, 449 
43,087 
12,599 

31, 653 

6,401 
3,834 
15,204 
102 
305 
3,642 
2,165 

39, 512 
3,769 
10, 872 
4,330 
1,853 
12, 088 
438 
188 
712 
5,262 

7,288 
1,589 
1,946 
2,140 
1,613 

22, 185 
952 
13, 526 
1,157 
6,550 

23, 774 
2,840 
1,153 
1,653 
10, 670 
1,259 
822 
2,814 
2,563 

122, 251 
10,274 
4,728 
107, 249 


Connecticut 


Middle Atlantic... 
New York.. 


New Jersey 


Pennsylvania 

East North Central... 
Ohio 


Indiana.. 


Illinois 


1,449 
3,757 
370 

1,032 

138 
69 
547 
27 
25 
140 
86 

762 
33 
185 
85 
104 
172 
37 
30 
46 
70 

259 
75 
93 
55 
36 

607 
31 
135 
71 
370 

256 
67 
12 
18 
77 
14 
24 
36 
8 

1,402 
219 
61 
1,122 


Michigan 


Wisconsin 


West North Central __ 
Minnesota 


Iowa.. 


Missouri 


North Dakota 
South Dakota 
Nebraska 


3 

3 


Kansas 


South Atlantic . 


108 
4 
6 
25 
23 
12 
6 
6 
12 
12 

22 

14 

3 


32! 

3( 
68 
133 
16 

f 


Delaware . 


Maryland 


Dist. of Columbia. 
Virginia 


West Virginia .. 


North Carolina.... 
South Carolina 
Georgia '. 


23 

48 

32 

8 
13 
8 
3 

53 

4 
15 
10 
24 

193 
43 
14 
24 
36 
2 
14 
37 
24 

8,272 
113 
47 
6,112 


Florida... 


East South Central... 
Kentucky 


Tennessee 




Alabama 


11 
1 

53 
2 
23 


Mississippi 


West South Central .. 
Arkansas 


37 
12 
"~23 

20 
1 
1 
2 
9 

"~"i 

5 

280 

76 
17 
167 


Louisiana . 


Oklahoma 


Texas 


28 

84 
29 
9 
10 
13 
6 
12 
3 
2 

692 
149 
107 
436 


Mountain... 
Montana 


Idaho 


Wyoming 


Colorado 


New Mexico 
Arizona 


Utah 


Nevada.. 


Pacific 


Washington 


Oregon... 


California 





1 Comprises Albania, Danzig, and "Europe, not specified." 

J Comprises Hedjaz, India, China, Japan, and "Asia, not specified.' 

Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 



POPULATION FOKEIGN-BOEN WHITE 

COUNTRY OF BIRTH, BY STATES, 1930 Continued 



31 



Asia Con. 


America 


Other countries 


All 

other* 


Division 
and State 


Tur- 
key in 
Asia 


Other 
Asia t 


Canada 


New- 
found- 
land 


Mexi- 
co 


Cuba 


Other 
West 
Indies' 


Cen- 
tral 
and 
South 
Amer- 
ica 


Aus- 
tralia 


Azores 


Ice- 
land 


French 


Other 


46, 651 


15,401 


370, 852 


907,569 


23,971 


23, 743 


15,944 


15, 482 


37,509 


12,720 


35, 427 


2,764 


22, 725 


U.S. 

W. E. 
Me. 
N. H. 

vt. 

Mass. 
R. I. 
Conn. 

M. A. 
N. Y. 
N. J. 
Pa. 

E. N. C. 
Ohio. 
Ind. 

m. 

Mich. 
Wis. 

W. N. C. 
Minn. 
Iowa. 
Mo. 
N.Dak. 
S.Dak. 
Nebr. 
Kans. 

S. A. 
Del. 
Md. 
D. C. 
Va. 
W.Va. 
N. C. 
S. C. 
Oa. 
Fla. 

E. S. C. 

Ky. 
Tenn. 
Ala. 
Miss. 

W. S. C. 
Ark. 
La. 
Okla. 
Tex. 

Mt. 
Mont. 
Idaho. 
Wyo. 
Colo. 
N.Mex. 
Ariz. 
Utah. 
Nev. 

Pac. 
Wash. 
Oreg. 
Calif. 


8,348 
131 
259 
17 
6.124 
1,084 
733 

21, 183 
16, 673 
2,353 
2,157 

8,593 
1,826 
297 
2,048 
3,564 
858 

507 
83 
67 
240 
38 
28 
28 
23 

1,547 
21 
180 
198 
230 
369 
108 
93 
185 
163 

157 
48 
30 
62 
17 

448 
18 
117 
45 
268 

298 
79 
11 
13 
78 
8 
29 
34 
46 

5,570 
646 
154 
4,770 


1,294 

16 
460 
92 
669 

4,409 
3,163 
579 
667 

4,362 
614 
288 
2,411 
936 
113 

500 
159 
76 
96 
28 
24 
62 
55 

574 
8 
68 
64 
90 
79 
61 
34 
37 
133 

105 
33 
26 
26 
20 

267 
7 
48 
51 
161 

267 
47 
17 
22 
73 
17 
53 
22 
16 

3,623 
408 
149 
3,066 


264,261 
36, 947 
37,682 
17,320 
115, 241 
31,501 
25,570 

33. 336 
28,955 
2,470 
1,911 

42, 308 
2,606 
682 
6,189 
28,539 
4,292 

10, 531 

6,484 
608 
588 
1,354 
492 
436 
569 

2,055 
61 
291 
223 
157 
118 
80 
31 
109 
985 

347 
96 
92 
117 
42 

994 

77 
222 
243 
452 

3,678 
1,966 
571 
118 
572 
62 
158 
97 
134 

13,342 
4,340 
1,345 
7,657 


252, 760 
36,796 
13.277 
9.862 
172, 810 
7, 777 
12,238 

147, 411 
118, 919 
14, 051 
14,441 

252. 217 
24.241 
!5,519 
37,400 
173,777 
11,280 

52, 323 
20,618 
5,725 
4,824 
10,887 
2.859 
3,942 
3,468 

15,384 
399 
1,975 
1,458 
1,460 
839 
850 
247 
985 
7,171 

2,783 

822 
847 
785 
309 

7,326 
618 
759 
1,876 
4,073 

23,302 
8,787 
3,931 
1,018 
5,244 
551 
1,860 
1,093 
818 

154, 083 
43,724 
16. 571 
93,788 


12, 533 
204 
228 
101 
10,986 
256 
758 

8,046 
6,374 
932 
740 

1,725 
217 
69 
386 
975 
78 

185 
48 
42 
38 
11 
8 
34 
4 

SOI 

8 
61 
33 
27 
15 
26 
7 
20 
104 

46 
21 
12 
11 
2 

125 
39 
18 
15 
53 

134 
33 
41 
3 
27 
6 
15 
5 
4 

876 
250 
67 
559 


145 
4 
4 
D 

85 
12 
31 

3,551 
2,744 

288 
519 

2,905 

'76C 
188 

1,064 
115 
176 
359 
32 
14 
212 
156 

377 
14 
40 
61 
24 
101 
11 
6 
21 
99 

138 
24 
27 
43 
44 

4,455 
37 
557 
169 
3,692 

2,284 
88 
68 
67 
336 
390 
1,086 
177 
72 

8,824 
115 
61 
8,648 


350 
11 
16 
8 
198 
14 
103 

7,099 
6,058 
502 

489 

s 

30 
287 
151 
32 

124 
13 
10 

ee 

1 

24 

6,672 
17 
105 
80 
48 
27 
24 
15 
69 
6,287 

100 
22 
21 
46 
11 

382 
5 

229 
15 
133 

70 
3 
3 
2 
28 
7 
19 
3 
5 

458 
20 
11 
427 


1,037 
45 
19 
8 
602 
128 

235 

9,884 
8,372 
1,023 

571 
119 
22 



27 

157 
14 

1 

,! 

2,439 
26 
121 
49 
43 
8 
14 
15 
3(2 
2,131 

180 
12 
16 
130 
22 

327 
7 
130 
21 
169 

8 

4 
13 
33 
3 
21 
4 
7 

783 

57 
32 
694 


2,460 
31 
34 
30 
1,390 
352 

623 

20, 149 
16,032 
2,415 
1,702 

3,310 
683 
148 
1,483 
774 
222 

711 
114 
83 
247 
46 
16 
68 
137 

'* 

279 
231 
114 
96 
30 
12 
70 
388 

262 
36 
56 
92 

78 

1,443 
29 
1,023 
71 
320 

513 
65 
30 
19 
213 
50 
58 
38 
40 

7,857 
350 
151 
6,856 


597 
20 
20 
14 
369 
56 
118 

2,626 
1,659 
428 
539 

1,684 
307 
98 
709 
445 
125 

470 
86 
81 
146 
25 
18 
47 
67 

400 
8 
86 
43 
53 
40 
22 
4 
30 
114 

87 
29 
27 
19 
12 

276 
19 
45 
46 
166 

616 
71 
53 
13 
114 
19 
85 
215 
46 

5,964 
583 
273 
5,108 


22, 272 



34 
3 

18,562 
3,561 
107 

198 
138 
50 
10 

22 
2 
3 

7 
8 
2 

5 
2 
1 


73 
2 
.... 

61 
2 
7 

166 
114 
48 
4 

227 
6 
3 
123 
32 
63 

1,045 
266 
9 
10 
724 
15 
19 
2 

33 
1 
13 
6 
7 


3,235 
100 
7 1 
31 
2,422 
296 
315 

6,484 
4,551 
1,034 
899 

3,571 
660 
178 
1,290 
976 
467 

1,323 
368 
220 
275 
102 
91 
123 
144 

866 
47 
196 
88 
81 
54 
57 
25 
60 
258 

165 
60 
36 
45 
24 

573 
42 
125 
92 
314 

839 
109 
107 
42 
161 
29 
67 
274 
50 

5,669 
685 
321 
4,663 






1 

1 

24 


3 

2 


1 

1 
1 
4 
12 


1 




5 
4 






1 
3 






11 


13 


"1 

8 

153 
5 
27 
1 
1 
1 
2 

'"lie 

12, 742 
15 
27 
12,700 


1 
1 
11 

137 
16 
12 
1 
1 

"~ 4 
97 
6 

1,066 
741 
49 
276 



' Except possessions of the United States. 

* Comprises Africa, Pacific Islands, Cape Verde islands, and other Atlantic islands, " Country not 
specified," and "At sea." 

150214 38 4 



32 POPULATION FOREIGN BORN WHITE BY MOTHER TONGUE 

No. 25. MOTHER TONGUE OF THE FOREIGN-BORN WHITE POPULATION: 

CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES 

NOTE. Figures for 1920 have been adjusted by deducting from the total, and from Spanish mother tongue, 
the estimated number of persons who would have been classified as Mexican in 1930. 



Mother tongue 


Number 


Per cent 
distribution 


Per 
cent 
of in- 
crease, 
1920- 
19301 


Male 


Female 


1930 


1930 


1920 


1930 


1920 


1930 


1920 


1930 


Total 


13,255,394 


13,366,407 


100.0 


100.0 


0.8 


7, 269, 191 


7, 153, 709 


5, 986, 203 


6, 212, 698 


English and Celtic. 

Germanic: 
German 


3, 007, 932 

2, 267, 128 
136, 540 
45, 696 

643,203 
362, 199 
187, 162 
2,369 

1, 624, 998 
466, 956 
98, 751 
105, 895 
62, 336 
174, 658 

1, 077, 392 
234, 564 
274,948 
392, 049 

\ 55,672 

2 80, 437 
85, 175 
40,669 
12, 853 
32,039 

} 182,227 

1,091,820 
2 290, 419 
132, 543 
1,024 
37, 647 
57, 557 
6,627 
5, 515 
1,228 

7,166 


3,097,021 

2, 188, 006 
133, 142 
42, 263 

615, 465 
345, 522 
178, 944 
2,714 

1, 808, 289 
523,297 
126,288 
110, 197 
56,964 
189, 066 

965, 899 
201, 138 
240,196 
315, 721 
( 9,800 
\ 58,685 
77, 671 
79, 802 
30,121 
12,128 
1,372 
( 165,053 
I 7,590 

1, 222, 658 
250, 393 
124,994 
2,809 
51,741 
67, 830 
10, 457 
7,586 
3,352 

42,233 


22.7 

17.1 
1.0 
.3 

4.9 
2.7 
1.4 


23.2 

16.4 
1.0 
.3 

4.6 
2.6 
1.3 


3.0 

-3.5 
-2.5 
7.5 


1, 454, 967 

1, 209, 610 
78, 243 
26,620 

354, 830 
201, 778 
113, 150 
1,161 

967, 394 
240, 400 
65, 864 
60,279 
38, 841 
142, 477 

614, 876 
121, 482 
160, 617 
232,168 

33, 254 

50,781 
61, 424 
29,086 
11,828 
1,061 

112, 557 

570, 030 
161, 140 
75, 588 
742 
26, 023 
35, 492 
5, 253 
4,818 
909 

4,448 


1, 483, 363 

1, 153, 415 
77,409 
23,707 

344, 403 
195, 131 
109, 550 
1,339 

1, 053, 056 
262, 446 
80, 358 
64,306 
33, 111 
138, 780 

524, 243 
101, 425 
129, 357 
181, 215 
f 5, 350 
\ 32,312 
46, 989 
51,668 
21, 076 
9,676 
672 
f 96,164 
\ 4, 383 

621, 809 
129, 775 
67,796 
1.920 
30, 295 
39, 978 
6,911 
5.604 
2,369 

22, 348 


1, 552, 965 

1, 057, 518 
58,297 
19, 076 

288, 373 
160, 421 
74, 012 
1,208 

657, 604 
226, 556 
32, 887 
45, 616 
23, 495 
32, 181 

462, 516 
113,082 
114,331 
159, 881 

} 22,418 

29, 656 
23, 751 
11,583 
1, 025 
978 

} 69,670 

521, 790 
129, 279 
56, 955 
282 
11,624 
22, 065 
1,374 
697 
319 

2,718 


1, 613, 658 

1, 034, 591 
55, 733 
18, 556 

271, 062 
150, 391 
69, 394 
1,375 

755, 233 
260,851 
45,930 
45, 891 
23, 853 
50,286 

441, 656 
99, 713 
110,839 
134, 506 
/ 4,450 
{ 26, 373 
30,682 
28,134 
9, 045 
2,452 
700 
f 68, 889 
1 3,207 

600, 849 
120, 618 
57, 198 
889 
21, 446 
27, 852 
3,546 
1,982 
983 

19,885 


Dutch 


Flemish 


Scandinavian: 
Swedish 


-4.3 
4 6 


Norwegian 


Danish 


-4.4 
14.6 

11.3 
12.1 
27.9 
4,1 
-8.6 
8.2 

-10.3 
-14.3 
-12.6 
-19.5 

} 23.0 

-3.4 
-6.3 
-25.9 
-5.6 
-32.7 

J-5.3 

12.0 
-13.8 
-5.7 
174.3 
37.4 
17.8 
57.8 
37.6 
173.0 

489.4 


Icelandic 


Latin and Greek: 
Italian 


12.3 
3.5 

.7 
.8 
.5 
1.3 

8.1 
1.8 
2.1 
3.0 

} 

.6 
.6 
.3 
.1 


13.5 
3.9 
.9 
.8 
.4 
1.4 

7.2 
1.5 
1.8 
2.4 
f .1 
1 -4 
.6 
.6 
.2 
.1 


French 


Spanish 


Portuguese 


Rumanian 


Greek 


Slavic and Lettic: 
Polish 


Czech 


Slovak _ . .. 


Russian 


Ruthenian 


Ukrainian 
Slovenian ... 


Croatian 


Serbian. . - 


Bulgarian 


Wendish 


Lithuanian 


}1.4 

8.2 
2.2 
1.0 


/ 1.2 
1 .1 

9.1 
1.9 

.9 


Lettish .... 


Unclassified: 
Yiddish 


Magyar . 


Finnish 


Estonian 


Armenian 


.3 

.4 


.4 
.5 
.1 
.1 


Arabic 


Turkish 


Albanian 





Allother 


Unknown .. 


.1 


.3 





i A minus sign ( ) denotes a decrease. 

1 Corrected figures. 

Reported as " Slavic, not specified " in 1920 but practically all Wendish. 

Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 



POPULATION CITIZENSHIP OF FOREIGN BORN 



33 



No. 26. CITIZENSHIP OF FOREIGN-BORN WHITES, 21 YEARS AND OVER: 
BY PRINCIPAL COUNTRIES OF BIRTH, CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES, 1930 

NOTE. Figures for 1920 have been adjusted by deducting from the total the estimated number of persons 
who would have been classified as Mexican in 1930 



Country of birth 


Male 


Female 


Total 21 
years 
and 
over i 


Naturalized 


Having 
first 
papers 


Aliens 


Total 21 
years 
and 
over 


Naturalized 


Hav- 
ing 
first 
papers 


Aliens 

2, 118, 196 
1, 907, 528 

84,708 
52,398 
3,793 
20,577 
89,539 
26,814 
43,219 
9,947 
291 
1L857 
6,845 
435 
9,408 
18,268 

121,694 
264,097 
75,893 
52,813 
49,188 
35,857 

178,318 
3,214 
444 
39, 918 
24,955 
22,871 
821 
500 

25,349 
1,410 
347,291 
10,516 
19,631 
2,102 

6,679 
684 
11,356 
9,586 
1,789 

67,570 
116,894 
4,995 
3,300 
2,888 
4,940 

6,611 

964 
1,494 
11,215 
813 

508 
261 


Number 


Per 

cent 


Number 


Per 
cent 


1920, total 


8,747,394 
8,797,494 

391,838 
163,688 
30,646 
78,114 
316, 731 
191, 248 
326,663 
107,423 
1,358 
73,288 
33,260 
5,383 
62, 951 
63,246 

813,294 
656,348 
246,763 
188,070 
133, 697 
126, 732 

589,065 
10,687 
2,292 
109,223 
75,331 
75,241 
7,346 
1,179 

125,619 
6,146 
986,531 
40,250 
40,264 
9,086 

18,240 
3,106 
30,994 
26,525 
8,658 

167,493 
364,192 
10,177 
7,734 
6,971 
10, 471 

18,052 

3,771 
6,257 
18,201 
2,241 
2,104 
3,406 


3,308,924 
4,217,578 

272,566 
96,710 
23,156 
56,247 
222,642 
135, 482 
235,680 
80,911 
939 
50,305 
22,789 
4,452 
42,521 
41,637 

588,295 
3f-3. 922 
159, 915 
125, 143 
80,138 
60,234 

398,920 
7,132 
1,052 
55,760 
38,033 
49,298 
2,813 
655 

62,649 
2,227 
545,729 
7,554 
8,129 
4,289 

10,106 
1,907 
17,997 
14,582 
3,533 

86,019 
204,047 
4,239 
1,681 
3,642 
2,057 

5,359 

2,040 
3,770 
5,070 
789 
1,179 
1,635 


49.0 
62.0 

69.6 
59.1 
75.6 
72.0 
70.3 
70.8 
72.1 
75.3 
69.1 
68.6 
68.5 
82.7 
67.5 
65.8 

72.3 
55.4 
6r.8 
66.5 
59.9 
47.5 

67.7 
66.7 
45.9 
51.1 
50.5 
65.5 
38.3 
55.6 

49.9 
36.2 
55.3 
18.8 
20.2 
47.2 

55.4 
61.4 
58.1 
65.0 
40.8 

51.4 
56.0 
41.7 
21.7 
52.2 
19.6 

29.7 

54.1 
60.3 
27.9 
35.2 
66.0 
48.0 


1,114,432 
926, 454 

46,307 
31,062 
2,952 
9,046 
39,530 
23,298 
39,475 
12,267 
188 
9,332 
4,877 
386 
7,843 
6,589 

108,098 
110, 597 
33,703 
22,955 
22,025 
24,640 

67,378 
1,559 
651 
18, 511 
12,204 
11, 751 
1,896 
234 

22,701 
L386 
119, 191 
6,098 
4,237 
1,812 

3,048 
488 
4,707 
4,709 
1,751 

22,209 
53,096 
2,256 
566 
932 
794 

3,128 

640 

807 
1,791 
324 
310 
119 


1,973,918 
1,435,309 

56,671 
29,992 
3,127 
9,366 
38,017 
26,173 
41,881 
10,808 
179 
11,397 
4,569 
351 
10,052 
12,268 

87,696 
169,496 
47,975 
33,232 

2N 2*4 
39,562 

107,518 
1,773 
631 
32,631 
23,323 
12, 767 
2,435 
260 

36,516 
2,396 
299,015 
25,408 
26,872 
2,358 

4,702 
596 
7,449 
6,651 
3,016 

53,572 
84,451 
3,268 
4,844 
1,916 
6,685 

8,563 

875 
1,285 
10,764 
1,005 
468 
310 


5,445,935 
5,840,149 

376,363 
154, 249 
26,530 
93,971 
404,515 
147,020 
255,443 
67,160 
1,351 
51,629 
26,887 
3,509 
46,530 
66,034 

734,959 

cWJ, 2H2 
226,989 
171,222 
12\ IN; 
75,706 

514,490 
9,187 
1,078 
80,821 
63,551 
64,058 
1,615 
874 

41, 717 
1,913 
693, 177 
14, 715 
25,728 
5,993 

11,909 
1,981 
23,131 
16,809 
4,395 

161,660 
409,098 
10, 914 
5,157 
7,042 
8,672 

11,989 

2,851 
5,626 
15, 619 
1,539 
1,795 
2,516 


2,883,092 
3,409,860 

255,542 
84,019 
20,488 
63,806 
260. U9S 
108,430 
193,445 
51,896 
935 
35,673 
17,267 
2,761 
32,447 
41,644 

534,407 
252,427 
134.209 
102, 915 
67,012 
33,747 

295,915 
5,132 
419 
34,826 
33,549 
35,832 
617 
293 

12,825 
360 
303,114 
2,986 
4,602 
3,165 

4,327 
1,083 
9,876 
5,701 
2,038 

81,177 
245, 777 
4,504 
1,386 
3,024 
2,732 

3,899 

1,520 
3,488 
3,394 
562 
1,056 
1,513 


52.9 
58.4 

67.9 
54.5 
77.2 
67.9 
65.8 
73.8 
75.7 
77.3 
69.2 
69.1 
64.2 
78.7 
69.7 
63.1 

72,7 
45.1 
59.1 
60.1 
52.3 
44.6 

57.5 
56.9 
38.9 
43.1 
52.8 
55.9 
38.2 
33.5 

30.7 
18.8 
43.7 
20.3 
17.9 
52.8 

36.3 
54.7 
42.7 
33.9 
46.4 

50.2 
60.1 
41.3 
26.9 
42.9 
31.5 

32.5 

53.3 
62.0 
21.7 
36.5 
58.8 
60.1 


77,801 
291,962 

18,871 
11,559 
953 
4,703 
23,655 
6.234 
10,489 
2,975 

2,379 
1,864 
158 
2,465 
3,053 

46,037 
30,238 
10,229 
8,507 
7,788 
4,464 

22, en 

584 
174 
4,081 
3,396 
3,556 
130 
54 

2,158 
98 
21,840 
649. 
581 
289 

604 

124 
1,082 
994 
339 

6,633 
21,963 
832 
92 
458 
229 

595 

187 
260 
416 
62 
109 
37 


1930, total 


EUROPE 

Northwestern 
Europe: 
England 


Scotland 


Wales 


Northern Ireland . 
Irish Free State. .. 
Norwav--. - . 


Sweden . 


T~)pnTn?u"k 


Iceland 


Netherlands 


Belgium 


Luxemburg 


Switzerland 


France 


Central Europe: 
Germany 


Poland 


Czechoslovakia 
Austria 


Hungary 


Yugoslavia 


Eastern Europe: 
Russia 


Latvia 


Estonia. 


Lithuania 


Finland 


Rumania 


Bulgaria 


Turkey in Europe- 
Southern Europe : 
Greece 


Albania. .. 


Italy 


Spain 


Portugal . . 


Other Europe 


ASIA 
Armenia 


Palestine 


Syria- 


Turkey in \sia 


Other Asia 


AMERICA 

Canada French 
Canada Other 


Newfoundland 


Cuba 


Other West Indies *. 
Mexico 


Central and South 
America.-- 


OTHER COUNTRIES 

Africa- 


Australia 


\2ores 


Other Atlantic Is A- 
Pacific Islands 
All other 





i Totals include persons whose citizenship was not reported. 

* Except possessions of the United States. 
3 Includes Cape Verde Islands. 

* Includes country not specified and born at sea. 

Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 



34 POPULATION 21 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER 

No. 27. PERSONS 21 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER, BY CIASSES AND 



Division and State 


Persons 21 years of age and over 


All classes 


Native white 


Total 


Male 


Female 


Total 


Native parentage 


Male 


Female 


Male 


Female 


Continental United 
States. 

New England 


72, 943, 824 


37, 056, 757 


35, 886, 867 


26,418,580 


26,343,811 


19, 257, 937 


18, 858, 829 


5.095,074 
487, 125 
294,055 
220,428 
2, 686, 487 
421, 197 
985, 782 

16,311,742 

8, 142, 851 
2, 512, 112 
5, 656, 779 

15, 685, 265 
4, 132, 251 
2, 003, 019 
4, 841, 768 
2, 939, 409 
1, 768, 818 

8, 000, 433 
1, 537, 983 
1, 506, 129 
2, 269, 657 
358, 182 
385, 808 
812, 450 
1, 130, 224 

8, 415, 339 
148, 792 
996,928 
341, 465 
1, 300, 893 
900,987 
1, 542, 125 
819,384 
1, 498, 567 
866,198 

5, 220, 526 
1, 422, 434 
1, 418, 144 
1, 348, 401 
1, 031, 547 

6,611,094 
968,231 
1. 134. 852 
1, 287, 131 
3,220,880 

2, 108, 221 
318,611 
246, 770 
132, 954 
623, 523 
216, 956 
244,115 
264,498 
60,794 

5, 495, 930 
1, 010, 167 
621, 375 
3, 864, 388 


2, 481, 494 
244,320 
145, 551 
112, 374 
1, 287, 970 
202,029 
489, 250 

8, 189, 533 
4, 078, 840 
1, 261, 298 
2, 849, 895 

8,057,827 
2, 095, 788 
1, 016, 313 
2, 469, 993 
1, 558, 021 
917, 712 

4, 104, 861 
797, 960 
765, 863 
1, 137, 503 
196, 028 
207, 413 
419, 139 
580, 455 

4, 183, 568 
76, 058 
500,549 
160,809 
650, 357 
471, 779 
758, 445 
395, 234 
731, 490 
438, 847 

2, 602, 304 

718, 286 
701, 194 
666, 742 
516, 08? 

8, 391, 930 
494, 949 
566,908 
673, 398 
1, 656, 675 

1, 142, 751 
181, 494 
136, 212 
77,205 
323,224 
115, 667 
134,401 
136,960 
37,588 

2, 902, 989 
545,410 
331,805 
2, 025, 774 


2, 613, 580 

242,805 
148,504 
108, 054 
1, 398, 517 
219, 168 
496, 532 

8, 122, 209 
4,064,511 
1, 250, 814 
2,806,884 

7, 827, 438 
2, 036, 463 
986, 706 
2, 371, 775 
1, 381, 388 
851, 106 

3, 896, 072 
740, 023 
740, 266 
1, 132, 154 
162, 154 
178, 395 
393,311 
549, 769 

4, 231, 771 
72, 734 
496, 379 
180, 656 
650,536 
429,208 
783, 680 
424, 150 
767, 077 
427, 351 

2, 618, 222 
704, 148 
716, 950 
681, 659 
515, 465 

3, 219, 164 
473, 282 
567, 944 
613, 733 
1, 564, 205 

985, 470 
137, 117 
110, 558 
55,749 
300,299 
101, 289 
109, 714 
127,538 
23,206 

2, 592, 941 
464,757 
289, 570 
1, 838, 614 


1, 596, 613 
197, 844 
106, 610 
92,231 
787, 645 
120,480 
291,803 

5, 204, 885 
2, 366, 659 
773, 669 
2, 064, 557 

6, 018, 332 
1, 651, 202 
898, 602 
1, 707, 070 
1, 055, 413 
701, 045 

3, 386, 937 

577, 121 
668, 246 
980, 255 
134, 564 
164, 395 
349, 159 
513, 197 

2,941,028 
56,450 
366, 686 
103, 713 
474, 388 
402, 416 
549,843 
232, 780 
474, 735 
280, 017 

1, 884, 478 
635, 197 
562, 170 
427, 670 
259, 441 

2, 487, 848 
359, 862 
341, 731 
586,864 
1, 199, 389 

866, 977 
131, 757 
115, 088 
60,648 
255, 941 
88,476 
79,927 
110, 074 
25,066 

2, 036, 484 
394, 969 
265, 741 
1,375,774 


1,712,944 
197, 046 
109, 812 
90,440 
868, 395 
133, 911 
313, 340 

5, 423, 526 
2, 480, 405 
807, 451 
2, 135, 670 

5, 948, 338 
1, 667, 026 
894, 572 
1, 723, 009 
983, 707 
680, 024 

3, 315, 275 
568, 332 
662, 364 
991, 121 
116, 807 
145, 621 
336, 300 
494, 730 

2, 964, 483 
56,235 
374, 862 
120,223 
473, 819 
382, 477 
558, 366 
237, 315 
482, 159 
279, 027 

1, 876, 187 
625, 417 
571, 321 
425, 358 
254, 071 

2, 353, 497 
340,696 
340,854 
535, 781 
1, 136, 166 

789, 280 
106, 511 
98, 072 
46,890 
248, 348 
79, 217 
66, 763 
105, 789 
17,640 

1, 980, 351 
362, 415 
246,006 
1, 371, 930 


882, 269 
153,689 
71, 515 
68,922 
384, 681 
54,159 
149, 303 

3, 217, 491 

1, 284, 253 
442, 163 
1, 491, 075 

4, 032, 748 
1, 261, 525 

769, 727 
1, 038, 559 
648,349 
314, 588 

2, 229, 203 
227, 425 
443, 975 
802, 602 
47, 998 
83,978 
216, 777 
406,448 

2, 758, 634 
48,222 
300,548 
84,181 
456, 862 
381, 014 
544, 681 
228, 570 
464, 741 
249, 815 

1, 814, 288 
597, 498 
548, 620 
415, 719 
252, 451 

2, 278, 927 
346, 077 
306,530 
546, 316 
1, 080, 004 

828, 341 
80, 613 
83,006 
45,284 
191, 146 
81, 708 
66,128 
63,541 
16, 915 

1, 416, 038 
264, 735 
196, 171 
955, 130 


920, 380 

151, 979 
72,236 
66,947 
414,903 
57,644 
156, 671 

3, 279, 158 
1, 306, 156 
450, 191 
1, 522, 811 

3, 899, 207 
1, 247, 068 
760, 552 
1, 014, 262 
581, 925 
295, 400 

2, 181, 585 
215, 765 
435, 426 
797, 097 
40, 420 
73, 135 
207, 300 
392, 422 

2, 768, 881 
47, 452 
302, 820 
96,690 
457, 435 
361, 021 
552, 915 
232, 943 
471, 645 
245,960 

1, 797, 378 
581, 238 
556, 542 
412,584 
247, 012 

2, 149, 292 
328, 216 
299, 897 
499, 358 
1, 021, 821 

548, 309 
62, 638 
70, 667 
33,901 
182, 227 
72, 707 
54,440 
60,242 
11, 487 

1, 334, 661 

236, 039 
177, 399 
921, 223 


Maine _ - 


New Hampshire 


Vermont 


M assachusetts 


Rhode Island 


Connecticut 


Middle Atlantic . 


New York 


New Jersey 


Pennsylvania ... 


East North Central 


Ohio 


Indiana 


Illinois . 


Michigan 


Wisconsin 


West North Central 


Minnesota 


Iowa 


Missouri 


North Dakota 


South Dakota 


Nebraska 


JCftTisas 


South Atlantic 


Delaware - - 


Maryland 


District of Columbia.. 
Virginia 


West Virginia 


North Carolina 


South Carolina 


Georgia 


Florida 


East South Central 


Kentucky 


Tennessee 


Alabama. .. 


Mississippi 


West South Central 


Arkansas 


Louisiana _ 


Oklahoma 


Texas 


Mountain - 


Montana 


Idaho 


Wyoming 


Colorado 


New Mexico. _ 


A rizona 


Utah... 


Nevada . 


Pacific __ 


Washington 


Oregon. .. 


California. 





Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 



POPULATION 21 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER 
SEX, AND MALES 18 TO 44 YEARS OF AGE: BY STATES, 1930 



Persons 21 years of age and over Continued 






Native white Con. 


Foreign-born white 


Negro 


All other 


Males 












18 to 44 


Division 
















years of 


and State 


Foreign or mixed 














age 




parentage 




















Male 


Female 


Male 


Female 


Male 


Female 






Male 


Female 


















7, 160, 648 


7,484,982 


6, 797, 494 


5, 840, 149 


3,235,441 


3,296,498 


605,242 


408,409 


25, 839, 207 


U.S. 


714,344 


792,564 


851, 225 


870,489 


29,595 


29, 175 


4,061 


972 


1, 622, 346 


N.E. 


44, 155 


45,067 


45, 712 


45, 179 


391 


322 


373 


258 


145,948 


Me. 


35,095 


37, 576 


38,457 


38,512 


409 


157 


75 


23 


86,164 


N. H. 


23,309 


23,493 


19,906 


17,481 


197 


122 


40 


11 


68,317 


Vt. 


402,964 


453, 492 


481,255 


513, 156 


16,406 


16,492 


2,664 


474 


851, 432 


Mass. 


66,321 


76,267 


78, 324 


82, 124 


2,937 


3,015 


288 


118 


136,298 


R.I. 


142,500 


156,669 


187, 571 


174,037 


9,255 


9,067 


621 


88 


334,187 


Conn. 


1, 987, 394 


2, 144, 368 


2, 612, 347 


2, 347, 969 


350, 152 


346, 165 


22, 149 


4,549 


5, 779, 072 


M. A. 


1,082,406 


1, 174, 249 


1, 556, 419 


1, 433, 682 


140,078 


146,988 


15,184 


3,436 


2, 894, 157 


N. Y. 


331,506 


357,260 


419, 593 


376,929 


65,750 


66,146 


2,286 


288 


898,090 


N.J. 


573, 482 


612, 859 


636,335 


537,358 


144,324 


133,031 


4,679 


825 


1, 986, 825 


Pa. 


1, 980, 584 


2, 049, 131 


1,679,021 


1, 868, 858 


325, 519 


295, 717 


39,955 


14, 527 


5, 527, 666 


E. If. C. 


389,677 


419, 958 


335,484 


275,065 


105,736 


93,555 


3,366 


817 


1, 414, 197 


Ohio. 


128, 875 


134,020 


73,845 


55,189 


38,250 


35,392 


5,616 


1,553 


656,223 


Ind. 


668,511 


708, 747 


630,727 


531,973 


115,261 


111,431 


16,935 


5,362 


1, 722, 268 


111. 


407,064 


401, 782 


430, 934 


341, 492 


62, 139 


52,207 


9,535 


3,982 


1,116,699 


Mich. 


386,457 


384,624 


208,031 


165, 137 


4,133 


3,132 


4,503 


2,813 


618, 279 


Wis. 


1, 157, 734 


1,153,710 


577, 050 


454, 477 


118,497 


108,278 


28, 877 


18,042 


2, 719, 748 


W. N. C. 


349, 696 


352, 567 


212, 991 


165, 459 


3,690 


3,115 


4,158 


3,117 


533,059 


Minn. 


224, 271 


226,938 


90,027 


71,685 


6,010 


5,320 


1,580 


897 


491, 185 


Iowa. 


177, 653 


194,024 


78,726 


65,350 


75, 937 


74,520 


2,585 


1,163 


742, 496 


Mo. 


86,566 


76,387 


58,925 


43,383 


177 


101 


2,362 


1,863 


139, 758 


N.Dak. 


80,417 


72,486 


36,886 


27,288 


239 


181 


5,893 


5,305 


145, 191 


S.Dak. 


132, 382 


129,000 


61,942 


50,502 


4,967 


4,554 


3,071 


1,955 


286,346 


Nebr. 


106, 749 


102, 308 


37,553 


30,810 


22,477 


20,487 


7,228 


3,742 


381, 713 


Kans. 


182, 394 


195,602 


162, 775 


128, 484 


1, 073, 366 


1, 186, 675 


6,399 


4,129 


3, 085, 876 


S. A. 


8,228 


8,783 


8,874 


7,223 


10,669 


9,270 


65 


6 


50,729 


Del. 


66,138 


72,042 


48,319 


42,859 


84,881 


78,583 


663 


75 


350, 637 


Md. 


19,532 


23,533 


14, 970 


13,525 


41,584 


46,804 


542 


104 


113,076 


D. C. 


17,526 


16,384 


13, 137 


9,608 


162, 285 


166,935 


547 


174 


467,068 


Va. 


21,402 


21,456 


31, 425 


17,263 


37, 731 


29,424 


207 


44 


346,086 


W.Va. 


5,162 


5,451 


4,833 


3,457 


200,355 


218, 620 


3,414 


3,237 


587,665 


N. C. 


4,210 


4,372 


2,996 


2,026 


159, 190 


184,598 


268 


211 


309,681 


S. C. 


9,994 


10, 514 


7,859 


5,465 


248,683 


279,404 


213 


49 


552,234 


Qa. 


30,202 


33,067 


30, 362 


25,058 


127,988 


123,037 


480 


229 


308,700 


Fla. 


70,190 


78, 791 


32, 297 


23,280 


684,048 


718,007 


1,481 


768 


1, 876, 659 


E. S. C. 


37,699 


44,179 


11,977 


9,219 


71,020 


69,483 


92 


29 


497,096 


Ky. 


13,550 


14,779 


7,116 


5,380 


131, 776 


140,198 


132 


51 


504,707 


Tenn. 


11, 951 


12, 774 


8,999 


6,136 


229,903 


250,047 


170 


118 


491, 568 


Ala. 


6,990 


7,059 


4,205 


2,545 


251, 349 


258,279 


1,087 


570 


383,288 


Miss. 


208, 919 


204, 205 


94,543 


70, 087 


614, 877 


621,099 


194,664 


174, 481 


2, 546, 615 


W. S. C. 


13,785 


12,480 


5,900 


4,051 


128,795 


128,335 


392 


200 


356, 330 


Ark. 


35,201 


40, 957 


19, 819 


13,952 


203,259 


211,788 


2,099 


1,350 


432,006 


La. 


40,548 


36,423 


15,178 


10,852 


48,364 


45,798 


22,992 


21,302 


500,673 


Okla. 


119,385 


114, 345 


53,646 


41,232 


234, 459 


235, 178 


169, 181 


151, 629 


1, 257, 606 


Tex. 


238,636 


220, 921 


164, 172 


112,222 


11, 886 


9,545 


99, 716 


74,473 


790, 317 


Mt. 


51, 144 


43, 873 


43, 218 


26,438 


559 


402 


5,960 


3,766 


118, 622 


Mont. 


32,082 


27,405 


18,283 


10,901 


310 


208 


2,531 


M77 


91, 213 


Idaho. 


15,364 


12,989 


12,028 


6,817 


560 


402 


3,969 


1,640 


56,445 


Wvo. 


64,795 


66,121 


46,667 


36,093 


4,189 


4,381 


16,427 


11,477 


213, 703 


Colo. 


6,768 


6,510 


4,641 


2,898 


981 


787 


21, 569 


18, 387 


85,233 


N.Mei. 


13,799 


12,323 


8,984 


5,811 


4,591 


2,816 


40,899 


34, 324 


99,788 


Ariz. 


46,533 


45.547 


21,973 


19,743 


454 


352 


4,459 


1,654 


101, 730 


Utah. 


8,151 


6,153 


8,378 


3,521 


242 


197 


3,902 


1,848 


23,583 


Nev. 


620,448 


645,690 


624,064 


466, 285 


32, 501 


31,837 


209, 940 


114,468 


1, 890, 908 


Pac. 


130, 234 


126, 376 


134,568 


93, 695 


2,895 


2,166 


12, 978 


6,481 


345, 137 


Wash. 


69, 570 


68,607 


59,004 


40,260 


978 


739 


6,082 


2,565 


206,921 


Oreg. 


420,644 


450,707 


430, 492 


332,330 


28,628 


28,932 


190,880 


105,422 


1,338,850 


Calif. 



36 



POPULATION AGE DISTRIBUTION 



No, 28. AGE DISTRIBUTION OF 

Note. For totals for all ages see Table 6. For age distri 



1 

2 
3 
4 
5 
ti 
7 
8 

9 
10 
11 
12 

13 
14 
15 
16 

17 
IS 

19 
20 
21 
22 
23 
24 
25 
96 

27 
2s 
29 
30 
31 
32 
33 
34 
35 

36 

37 
88 

39 
40 

41 

42 

43 
44 
45 
4 

47 
48 

49 
50 
51 
52 
53 
54 
55 

68 

57 
58 
69 


Division and State 


Under 
5 years 


5 to 9 
years 


10 to 14 
years 


15 to 19 
years 


20 to 24 
years 


25 to 29 
years 


30 to 34 
years 


35 to 39 
years 


Continental U. S_-_. 
New England 


11,444,390 


12, 607, 609 


12,004,877 


11,552,115 


10, 870, 378 


9, 833, 608 


9, 120, 421 


9, 208, 645 


689, 782 
75, 037 
39, 350 
33,232 
349,640 
59,624 
132, 899 

2, 214, 805 
989,294 
329,668 
895, 843 

2, 208, 821 
573, 164 
285,030 
615, 826 
463,441 
271,360 

1, 205, 821 
231,001 
220, 277 
305, 862 
75,726 
71,324 
130, 337 
171, 094 

1,714,903 
19,283 
144,629 
32,304 
257,138 
207,087 
391, 150 
205,076 
316,404 
141,832 

1, 122, 861 
292,866 
281, 818 
313, 882 
234, 295 

1, 314, 952 
208,709 
230,538 
264, 537 
611, 168 

383, 566 
49,263 
45, 814 
22, 495 
95, 670 
53,853 
50,087 
59,261 
7,123 

589, 079 
114,854 
68,858 
405, 367 


768, 842 
79,727 
43, 543 
34,765 
390, 657 
67,620 
152, 530 

2,470,204 
1, 084, 839 
380, 918 
1, 004, 447 

2, 414, 163 
639, 272 
314,917 
681, 782 
486, 970 
291,222 

1, 326, 761 
256, 751 
242, 963 
339, 137 
78, 119 
77,961 
141,487 
190, 343 

1, 906, 741 
22, 321 
162, 656 
35,624 
291, 875 
220,366 
427, 112 
240,750 
353, 910 
152,127 

1,203,971 
316,231 
306,629 
331, 713 
249, 398 

1, 425, 421 
225,828 
248, 187 
285,846 
665,560 

408, 579 
53,992 
50,070 
24,097 
104,780 
55,094 
50, 457 
62,239 
7,850 

682, 927 
136, 013 
81,520 
465, 394 


761, 595 

74,061 
42,028 
33, 713 
387, 003 
64,744 
160, 046 

2,447,292 
1, 078, 186 
384, 342 
984, 764 

2, 334, 961 

612, 768 
297, 058 
683,189 
455, 469 
286, 477 

1, 287, 317 
253, 788 
235,820 
325, 058 
79,886 
75, 392 
136, 339 
181, 034 

1, 757, 677 
22,614 
152, 613 
32, 712 
269, 626 
193, 25 
382, 298 
222,808 
338,860 
142, 881 

1, 092, 200 
280,238 
280, 178 
303, 440 
228, 344 

1, 296, 077 
211,013 
227, 631 
258, 030 
599, 403 

882, 579 
56,396 
49, 840 
21,750 
98,940 
46, 346 
42,861 
59,384 
7,062 

645, 179 
138, 393 
82,660 
424, 120 


715, 562 
68,683 
38,822 
31,371 
366, 149 
62,414 
148, 123 

2, 354, 216 
1, 071, 313 
364, 396 
918, 507 

2, 227, 213 
578, 133 
284, 714 
076, 053 
416, 886 
271,427 

1, 241, 868 
239, 946 
223, 542 
326, 555 
75, 343 
69,609 
132, 100 
174, 573 

1, 679, 410 
21, 173 
145,804 
35,806 
265, 757 
175, 834 
360,640 
211,345 
334, 836 
138, 215 

1,051,163 
258, 156 
276, 437 
294, 168 
222, 402 

1, 280, 160 
202, 734 
217, 602 
252, 755 
607, 069 

352, 747 
50, 135 
44, 565 
20,162 
95, 132 
43, 135 
39, 981 
52, 762 
6,875 

649, 976 
137, 922 
83, 370 
428,684 


657, 383 
60,575 
34,867 
27,829 
345, 573 
56, 677 
131, 862 

2, 303, 339 

1, 139, 029 
350, 402 
813,908 

2, 167, 732 
564, 253 
266, 101 
675, 072 
418, 202 
244,104 

1,133,913 
214, 432 
201, 167 
313, 650 
61, 853 
59,584 
120, 788 
162, 439 

1, 482, 586 
20,122 
145, 846 
48,387 
217, 603 
153, 487 
304,847 
166, 354 
288,126 
137, 814 

929, 003 
221, 661 
248, 619 
259, 361 
199, 362 

1, 192, 782 
175, 308 
206,496 
230, 891 
680,037 

320, 178 
43, 753 
37, 458 
20,445 
86,913 
37, 797 
40, 453 
46, 072 
7,285 

683, 514 
130, 401 

77, 986 
475, 127 


605, 870 
53, 110 
31, 562 
24, 590 
324, 135 
51, 690 
120,783 

2,187,974 
1, 122, 879 
332, 810 
732, 285 

2, 063, 777 
523, 558 
245, 772 
653,150 
415, 964 
225, 333 

1, 005, 618 
193, 469 
180, 357 
287, 176 
48,988 
50, 745 
104, 370 
140, 513 

1,217 758 


601,804 

52, 613 
31, 759 
23, 415 
321, 499 
51, 374 
121, 144 

2,115.881 
1, 081, 129 
331, 332 
703, 420 

1, 969, 728 
505, 940 
232, 850 
621, 798 
391, 854 
217, 286 

954, 553 
189, 705 
174, 929 
267, 002 
43, 341 
48,122 
99, 601 
131, 853 

1, 050, 257 


626, 368 

52, 853 
32, 472 
23,782 
335,441 
52,099 
129, 721 

2, 133, 190 
1, 072, 385 
338, 222 
722, 583 

2,011,235 
523, 088 
234, 981 
638, 994 
396, 392 
217, 780 

985, 954 
192, 934 
177, 861 
271, 688 
42, 931 
48, 278 
99,811 
132, 451 

1,047 428 


Maine . 


New Hampshire _ 
Vermont 


Massachusetts. .- 
Rhode Island 
Connecticut 


Middle Atlantic 
New York 


New Jersey 
Pennsylvania 

East North Central. . 
Ohio 


Indiana 


Illinois 


Michigan 


Wisconsin 


West North Central- 
Minnesota .-- -. 


Iowa 


Missouri 


North Dakota 
South Dakota 
Nebraska 


Kansas 


South Atlantic 


Delaware 


18,241 
132, 248 
48,120 
176, 938 
130, 593 
239, 921 
120,468 
222, 930 
128,299 

759, 930 
189,040 
203, 213 
208,954 
158, 723 

1, 023, 872 
141,422 
178, 953 
197, 256 
506, 241 

280,078 
38,195 
31,028 
18, 489 
77, 310 
32, 332 
37, 633 
37, 333 
7,756 

688, 733 
120, 651 
72,053 
496, 029 


17, 857 
124, 358 
45, 095 
156, 596 
116,803 
197, 171 
98, 859 
183, 399 
110, 119 

635, 006 
171, 188 
172, 774 
164, 833 
126, 211 

864, 409 
116,776 
148, 247 
168, 737 
430, 649 

259, 569 
35, 476 
29,059 
18, 130 
74, 191 
27, 984 
33,450 
33, 967 
7,312 

669, 214 
115,448 
71, 102 
482, 664 


18, 221 
124, 305 
43, 587 
158,211 
112, 145 
188, 488 
104, 760 
186, 959 
110,752 

631, 872 
169, 932 
171, 956 
163,991 
125, 993 

837, 621 
119,092 
146, 687 
160, 672 
411, 170 

288, 505 
40, 559 
30, 1 1 1 
18,808 
77, 337 
28,517 
32, 939 
32, 472 
7,762 

686, 472 
122, 833 
75, 019 
488,620 


Maryland.- 


Dist. of Col 


Virginia 


West Virginia.-.. 
North Carolina. .. 
South Carolina. .. 
Georgia 


Florida 


East South Central- _ 
Kentucky 


Tennessee 


Alabama 


Mississippi - 


West South Central 
Arkansas 


Louisiana 


Oklahoma 


Texas 


Mountain 


Montana 


Idaho 


Wyoming 


Colorado. 


New Mexico 
Arizona 


Utah . 


Nevada 


Pacific 


Washington 
Oregon 


California 





Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce, 



POPULATION AGE DISTRIBUTION 



37 



THE POPULATION, BY STATES, 1930 

button of urban and rural population see Table 19, p. 19. 



40 to 44 


45 to 49 


50 to 54 


55 to 59 


60 to 64 


65 to 69 


70 to 74 


75 to 79 


80 to 84 


85 years 
and 


Un- 




years 


years 


years 


years 


years 


years 


years 


years 


years 


over 


known 




7, 990, 195 


7, 042, 279 


5. 975. 804 


4, 645, 677 


3,751,221 


2, 770, 605 


1,950,004 


1,108,390 


534, 678 


272, 130 


94,022 


1 


556, 446 


501, 059 


443,176 


372, 375 


311,630 


229, 017 


159, 133 


91, 652 


45, 417 


24,071 


5,159 


2 


48,339 


46,757 


43,589 


38,941 


33,537 


26,543 


20,071 


12,554 


6,407 


3,435 


591 


3 


29,681 


28,113 


26,676 


24,068 


20,548 


15,846 


12,506 


7,428 


3,735 


2,045 


244 


1 


21,794 


21,040 


20,093 


17,626 


14,990 


11,498 


9,318 


5,830 


2, 978 


1,629 


118 


8 


296,004 


265,410 


234,252 


197, 278 


159, 330 


117,605 


78,842 


44,273 


21, 897 


11, 578 


3,048 





46,668 


42, 181 


37,062 


30,286 


24,984 


17, 398 


11,621 


6,441 


3,018 


1, 475 


221 


7 


114,060 


97,558 


81,504 


64,176 


58,241 


40,127 


26,775 


15,126 


7,382 


3,909 


937 


s 


1, 851, 803 


1, 587, 001 


1,334,184 


1, 035, 773 


830, 598 


600,469 


403,506 


220,204 


102, 584 


49, 883 


18,344 


',1 


924, 958 


780, 631 


655,197 504,264 


406,041 


293,447 


195,668 


105, 162 


48,984 


24,064 


10,566 


10 


291,871 


246,388 


205, 434 


157, 128 


124, 676 


88,449 


58,951 


31,432 


14, v97 


7,414 


2,704 


11 


634,474 


559, 952 


473,553 


374, 381 


299,881 


218, 573 


148,887 


83,610 


38,803 


18,405 


5,074 


12 


1,757,937 


1,515,615 


1, 262, 141 


1,004,593 


826, 273 


634,007 


448, 113 


253, 427 


120, 764 


59.335 


17,350 


ia 


458, 317 


406,046 


344,777 


275,190 


224,168 


170, 465 


123,143 


71,313 


33,727 


16,188 


3,187 


14 


213, 101 


194,779 


170,038 


143,306 


120,800 


94,361 


69, 147 


40,664 


19, 497 


9,118 


2,269 


18 


557, 637 


470, 373 


383,102 


298,912 


246,310 


183,196 


123,566 


66,215 


31,751 


16,345 


7,383 


M 


334,001 


275,659 


221,237 


171,220 


137,264 


106, 038 


75,079 


43,087 


20,731 


9,956 


2, 875 


17 


194,881 


168,758 


142, 987 


115,965 


97,731 


79,947 


67, 178 


32,148 


15,058 


7,728 


1,636 


18 


867, 038 


769.649 


661.684 


543.720 


451, 101 


353, 721 


257, 853 


149, 457 


75,211 


38, 859 


7,237 


19 


172,980 


147, 143 


122, 171 


100, 813 


84,372 


69,079 


48,258 


26,628 


12, 693 


6,824 


968 


20 


157, 635 


144,603 


126, 365 


107, 596 


92, 343 


72,943 


54,233 


32,088 


16,305 


8,670 


1,242 


21 


242, 356 


220,334 


193, 097 


158,408 


131, 730 


99,311 


71,878 


41,648 


21,064 


10,624 


2,789 


22 


39,569 


35,633 


29,235 


22,425 


17,123 


13, 019 


9,112 


4,926 


2,186 


1,037 


393 


29 


44,205 


37,499 


30,289 


23,648 


18,902 


15,211 


11,058 


6,294 


2,949 


1,403 


376 


24 


89,856 


76, 815 


64,691 


52,041 


42,783 


34,431 


25,525 


14,834 


7,583 


3,821 


750 


26 


120, 437 


107, 622 


95,816 


',8,789 


63,848 


49, 727 


37, 791 


23,039 


12,431 


6,480 


719 


to 


873, 082 


783, 598 


690,506 


498, 869 


393,400 


278, 066 


201,837 


116,562 


57.216 


30,258 


13, 435 


27 


15,969 


14,160 


13,001 


10, 024 


8,578 


6,844 


4,887 


2,893 


1,338 


716 


138 


SB 


107, 367 


94,879 


82,466 


64,676 


52,901 


39,292 


27,419 


15, 430 


7,353 


3,478 


3,806 


2-.) 


36, 326 


32, 574 


28,732 


21,609 


16,958 


11,712 


7,694 


4,315 


2,265 


1,267 


1,782 


M 


136,024 


125, 667 


110,423 


82,933 


65,198 


45,935 


34,815 


20,321 


10, 212 


5,395 


1,1841 31 


94,645 


85,398 


70,728 


53,548 


41, 530 


29,675 


21, 197 


12,868 


6,147 


3,156 


7331 32 


153,231 


137, 981 


120, 365 


85,539 


63,743 


46,085 


34,883 


20,076 


9,820 


5, 157 


2, 119| 33 


86, 589 


78,138 


65, 371 


44,318 


36,173 


23,596 


16,845 


9,437 


4,670 


2,616 


592 


M 


151, 156 


133, 154 


131,455 


84,633 


67,562 


45,142 


33,738 


19,505 


9,564 


5,329 


1,844 


35 


91,775 


81,647 


67,965 


51,589 


40,757 


29,785 


20,709 


11,717 


5,847 


3,144 


1,237 


88 


522, 777 


493. 867 


435. 618 


316. 979 


247, 026 


175. 781 


128.018 


75, 745 


37,924 


20,382 


7,091 


37 


146,945 


133, 430 


119,940 


95, 182 


76,270 


57, 870 


41,769 


24, 518 


11,881 


6,084 


1,388 


38 


141,554 


128,582 


124,300 


89, 615 


68,211 


48, 478 


34,889 


20.416 


10,160 


5,102 


3,625 


89 


130, 871 


138,403 


106, 459 


73,716 


55,948 


39,246 


29,184 


17,243 


8,668 


4,899 


1,269 


40 


103,407 


93,452 


84,919 


58,466 


46,597 


30, 187 


22,176 


13,568 


7,215 


4,297 


809 


41 


685, 825 


613. 304 


499, 120 


372, 852 


282. 875 


192, 729 


141,073 


83, 978 


40,862 


22. 155 


6,813 


a 


98,025 


96,405 


79, 352 


59, 439 


44,001 


29,986 


22,381 


13,255 


6,448 


3,530 


778 


M 


118,615 


107, 576 


85,585 


62,463 


46,358 


30, 924 


21,400 


13,029 


6,382 


4,115 


805 


14 


133, 07'< 


114,124 


99,006 


76,782 


56,400 


39, 676 


28,582 


16,648 


7,983 


3,999 


1,039 


46 


336,108 


295,199 


235, 177 


174, 168 


136, 116 


92,143 


68,710 


41,046 


20,049 


10, 511 


4,191 


40 


242, 207 


210. 696 


172. 397 


132, 098 


106, 586 


78,430 


52,665 


28,643 


13,122 


6,716 


2,432 


17 


42,127 


35,634 


27,834 


20,625 


16,580 


12,323 


7,911 


3, 931 


lieSS 


847 


337 


48 


28. 413 


25,230 


21, 243 


18, 419 


13,258 


9,730 


6,629 


3,484 


1,668 


799 


214 


K 


16,281 


13, 013 


10, 243 


7,358 


5,409 


3,988 


2,592 


1,336 


565 


226 


178 


60 


69, 330 


62,302 


53,363 


42,608 


35,427 


26,883 


18,190 


10,011 


4,534 


2,169 


701 


.M 


22,890 


19, 703 


15,691 


12,693 


10,250 


7,274 


4,664 


2,750 


1,314 


823 


204 


63 


27, 053 


23,295 


18,113 


13,037 


9,921 


6,650 


4,473 


2,613 


1,259 


773 


525 


63 


28,713 


24,693 


20,262 


15,230 


12, 571 


9,503 


6,846 


3,756 


1,702 


858 


223 


H 


7,400 


6,823 


5,648 


4,128 


3,170 


2,079 


1,360 


762 


392 


221 


50 


66 


633,580 


567, 490 


478, 998 


368,418 


301, 732 


228, 385 


157, 806 


86. 722 


41, 578 


20,471 


16, 161 


M 


118, 105 


108,280 


90,223 


69,260 


57,530 


44,440 


30,075 


16,110 


7,329 


3,549 


1,980 


57 


71, 976 


65,663 


55,296 


43,869 


36,640 


28,199 


20,167 


11,139 


5,366 


2,461 


442 


M 


443,499 


393, 547 


331,479 


255,289 


207,562 


155, 746 


107, 564 


59,473 


28,881 


14,461 


13, 739 


69 



38 



POPULATION AGE DISTRIBUTION 



No. 29. PER CENT DISTRIBUTION BY AGE, BY STATES : 1930 

NOTE. Percentages are based on figures in Table 28 



Division and 
State 


Per cent in age group 


Un- 
der 
6 


5 to 
9 


10 to 
14 


15 to 
19 


20 to 
24 


25 to 
29 


30 to 
34 


35 to 
39 


40 to 
44 


45 to 
49 


50 to 
54 


55 to 
59 


60 to 
64 


65 to 
69 


70 to 
74 

1.6 


75 
and 
over 


Continental 
United States. . 

New England... 
Maine 


9.3 


10.3 


9.8 


9.4 


8.9 


8.0 


7.4 


7.5 


6.5 


5.7 


4.9 


3.8 


8.1 


2.3 


1.6 


8.4 
9.4 

8.5 
9.2 

8.2 
8.7 
8.3 

8.4 
7.9 
8.2 

9.3 

8.7 
8.6 
8.8 
8.1 
9.6 
9.2 

9.1 

9.0 
8.9 
8.4 
11.1 
10.3 
9.5 
9.1 

10.9 
8.1 
8.9 
6.6 
10.6 
12.0 

12.3 

11.8 
10.9 
9.7 

11.4 
11.2 
10.8 
11.9 
11.7 

10.8 
11.3 
11.0 
11.0 
10.5 

10.4 
9.2 
10.3 
10.0 
9.2 
12.7 
11.5 
11.7 
7.8 

7.2 
7.3 
7.2 
7.1 


9.4 
10.0 

9.4 
9.7 
9.2 
9.8 
9.5 

9.4 

8.6 
9.4 
10.4 

9.5 

9.6 
9.7 
8.9 
10.1 
9.9 

10.0 
10.0 
9.8 
9.3 
11.5 
11.3 
10.3 
10.1 

12.1 
9.4 
10.0 
7.3 
12.1 
12.7 

13.5 

13.8 
12.2 
10.4 

12.2 
12.1 
11.7 
12.5 
12.4 

11.7 
12.2 
11.8 
11.9 
11.4 

11.0 
10.0 
11.3 
10.7 
10.1 
13.0 
11.6 
12.3 
8.6 

8.3 

8.7 
8.5 
8.2 


9.3 
9.3 

9.0 
9.4 
9.1 
9.4 
10. 

9.3 

8.6 
9.5 
10.2 

9.2 
9.2 
9.2 
9.0 
9.4 
9.7 

9.7 
9.9 
9.5 
9.0 
11.7 
10.9 
9.9 
9.6 

11.1 

9.5 
9.4 
6.7 
11.1 
11.2 

12.1 

12.8 
11.7 
9.7 

11.0 
10.7 
10.7 
11.5 
11.4 

10.8 

11.4 
10.8 
10.8 
10.3 

10.3 
10.5 
11.2 
9.6 
9.5 
10.9 
9.8 
11.7 
7.8 

7.9 
8.9 

8.7 
7.5 


8.8 
8.6 

8.3 
8.7 
8.6 
9.1 
9.2 

9.0 

8.5 
9.0 
9.5 

8.8 

8.7 
8.8 
8.9 
8.6 
9.2 

9.3 

9.4 
9.0 
9.0 
11.1 
10.0 
9.6 
9.3 

10.6 
8.9 
8.9 
7.4 
10.6 
10.2 

11.4 

12.2 
11.5 
9.4 

10.8 
9.9 
10.6 
11.1 
11.1 

10.5 
10.9 
10.4 
10.5 
10.4 

9.5 
9.3 
10.0 
8.9 
9.2 
10.2 
9.2 
10.4 
7.6 

7.9 
8.8 
8.7 
7.6 


8.0 

7.6 

7.5 

7.7 
8.1 
8.2 
8.2 

8.8 
9.0 
8.7 
8.5 

8.6 

8.5 
8.2 
8.8 
8.6 
8.3 

8.5 

8.4 
8.1 
8.6 
9.1 
8.6 
8.8 
8.6 

9.4 

8.4 
8.9 
9.9 
9.0 
8.9 

9.6 

9.6 
9.9 
9.4 

9.4 

8.5 
9.5 
9.8 
9.9 

9.8 
9.5 
9.8 
9.6 
10.0 

8.8 
8.1 
8.4 
9.1 
8.4 
8.9 
9.3 
9.1 
8.0 

8.3 

8.3 
8.2 
8.4 


6.7 

6.8 
6.8 
7.6 
7.5 
7.5 

8.3 

8.9 
8.2 
7.6 

8.2 
7.9 
7.6 
8.6 
8.6 
7.7 

7.8 

7.5 
7.3 
7.9 
7.2 

7.3 
7.6 
7.5 

7.7 

7.7 
8.1 
9.9 
7.3 
7.6 

7.6 

6.9 

7.7 
8.7 

7.7 
7.2 
7.8 
7.9 
7.9 

8.4 

7.6 
8.5 
8.2 
8.7 


6.6 

6.8 
6.5 
7.6 
7.5 
7.5 

8.1 
8.6 
8.2 
7.3 

7.8 
7.6 
7.2 
8.1 
8.1 
7.4 

7.2 

7.4 
7.1 
7.4 
6.4 
6.9 
7.2 
7.0 

6.6 

7.5 
7.6 
9.3 
6.5 
6.8 

6.2 

5.7 
6.3 
7.5 

8.4 

6.5 
6.6 
6.2 
6.3 

7.1 
6.3 
7.1 
7.0 

7.4 


6.6 

7.0 

6.6 
7.9 
7.6 
8.1 

8.1 

8.5 
8.4 
7.5 

8.0 
7.9 
7.3 

8.4 
8.2 
7.4 

7.3 

7.5 
7.2 
7.5 
6.3 
7.0 
7.2 
7.0 

6.6 
7.6 

7.6 
5.1 
6.5 
6.5 

5.9 

6.0 

6.4 
7.5 

6.4 

6.5 
6.6 
6.2 
6.3 

6.9 

6.4 
7.0 

6.7 
7.1 


6.8 
6.1 

6.4 
6.1 
7.0 
6.8 
7.1 

7.0 

7.3 
7.2 
6.6 

6.9 

6.9 
6.6 
7.3 
6.9 
6.6 

6.5 

6.7 
6.4 
6.7 
5.8 
6.4 
6.5 
6.4 

5.5 
6.7 
6.6 
7.5 
5.6 
5.5 

4.8 

5.0 

5.2 
6.3 

5.3 
5.6 
5.4 
4.9 
5.1 

5.6 
5.3 
5.6 
5.6 
5.8 


6.1 
5.9 

6.0 
5.9 
6.2 
6.1 
6.1 

6.0 

6.2 
6.1 

5.8 

8.0 

6.1 

6.0 
6.2 
5.7 
5.7 

5.8 
5.7 
5.9 
6.1 
5.2 
5.4 
5.6 
5.7 

5.0 

5.9 
5.8 
6.7 
5.2 
4.9 

4.4 

4.5 
4.6 
5.6 

5.0 

5.1 
4.9 
5.2 
4.6 

5.0 

5.2 
5.1 
4.8 
5.1 


5.4 
5.5 

5.7 
5.6 
5.5 
5.4 
5.1 

5.1 
5.2 
5.1 
4.9 

5.0 
3.7 
5.3 
5.0 
4.6 
4.9 

5.0 

4.8 
5.1 
5.3 
4.3 
4.4 
4.7 
5.1 

4 4 
5.5 
5.1 
5.9 
4.6 
4.1 

3.8 

3.8 
4.5 
4.6 

4.4 
4.6 
4.8 
4.0 
4.2 

4.1 
4.3 
4.1 
4.1 
4.0 

4.7 
5.2 
4.8 
4.5 
5.2 
3.7 
4.2 
4.0 
6.2 

5.8 
5.8 
5.8 
5.8 


4.6 
4.9 

5.2 

4.9 
4.6 
4.4 
4.0 

3.9 
4.0 
3.9 
3.9 

4.0 

4.1 
4.4 
3.9 
3.5 
3.9 

4.1 

3.9 
4.4 
4.4 
3.3 
3.4 
3.8 
4.2 

3.2 

4.2 
4.0 
4.4 
3.4 
3.1 

2.7 

2.5 
2.9 
3.5 

3.2 

3.6 
3.4 
2.8 
2.9 

3.1 
3.2 
3.0 
3.2 
3.0 

3.6 
3.8 
3.7 
3.3 
4.1 
3.0 
3.0 
3.0 
4.5 

4.5 
4.4 
4.6 
4.5 


3.8 
4.2 

4.4 
4.2 
3.7 
3.6 
3.6 

3.2 
3.2 
3.1 
3.1 

3.3 

3.4 
3.7 
3.2 
2.8 
3.3 

3.4 
3.3 
3.7 
3.6 
2.5 
2.7 
3.1 
3.4 

2.5 
3.6 
3.2 
3.5 
2.7 
2.4 

2.0 

2.1 
2.3 
2.8 

2.5 
2.9 
2.6 
2.1 
2.3 

2.3 
2.4 
2.2 
2.4 
2.3 

2.9 

3.1 
3.0 
2.4 
3.4 
2.4 
2.3 
2.5 
3.6 

3.7 
3.7 
3.8 
3.7 


2.8 
3.3 

3.4 
3.2 
2.8 
2.5 
2.5 

2.3 

2.3 
2.2 
2.3 

2.5 

2.6 
2.9 
2.4 
2.2 
2.7 

2.7 
2.7 
3.0 
2.7 
1.9 
2.2 
2.5 
2.6 

1.8 

2.9 
2.4 
2.4 
1.9 
1.7 

1.5 

1.4 
1.6 
2.0 

1.8 
2.2 
1.9 
1.5 
1.5 

1.8 

1.6 
1.5 
1.6 
1.6 

2.1 

2.3 
2.2 
1.8 
2.6 
1.7 
1.5 
1.9 
2.3 

2.8 

2.8 
3.0 
2.7 


1.9 
2.5 

2.7 
2.6 
1.9 
1.7 
1.7 

1.5 
1.6 
1.5 
1.5 

1.8 
1.9 
2.1 
1.6 
1.6 
3.3 

1.9 
1.9 
2.2 
2.2 
1.3 
1.6 
1.9 
2.0 

1,3 

2.1 
1.7 
1.6 
1.4 
1.2 

1.1 

1.0 
1.2 
1.4 

1.3 
1.6 
1.3 
1.1 
1.1 

1.2 
1.2 
1.0 
1.2 
1.2 

1.4 
1.5 
1.5 
1.1 
1.8 
1.1 
1.0 
1.3 
1.5 

1.9 

1.9 
2.1 
1.9 


2.0 
2.8 

2.8 
2.9 
1.8 
1.6 
1.6 

1.4 
1.4 
1.3 
1.5 

1.7 
1.8 
2.1 
1.5 
1.5 
1.9 

2.0 
1.8 
2.3 
2.0 

1.2 
1.5 
1.9 
2.2 

1.3 
2.1 
1.6 
1.6 
1.5 
1.3 

1.1 

1.0 
1.2 

1.4 

1.4 
1.6 
1.4 
1.2 
1.2 

1.2 
1.3 
1.1 
1.2 

1.2 

1.3 

1.2 
1.3 
.9 
1.6 
1.2 
1.1 
1.2 
1.5 

1.8 
1.7 
2.0 
1.8 


New Hamp- 
shire 


Vermont 


Massachusetts- 
Rhode Island. . 
Connecticut 

Middle Atlantic.. 
New York 
New Jersey 
Pennsylvania.. 

E. North Central- 
Ohio 


Indiana 


Illinois 


Michigan 


Wisconsin 


W. North Central . 
Minnesota 
Iowa 


Missouri 


North Dakota- 
South Dakota. 
Nebraska 
Kansas 


South Atlantic 
Delaware 
Maryland 
Dist. of Col... 
Virginia 


West Virginia- 
North Caro- 
lina 


South Caro- 
lina 


Georgia 


Florida 


E, South Central. 
Kentucky 
Tennessee 
Alabama 


Mississippi 

W . South Central 
Arkansas 
Louisiana 
Oklahoma 
Texas 




Montana 
Idaho 


7.1 
7.0 
8.2 
7.5 
7.6 
8.6 
7.4 
8.5 

8.4 
7.7 
7.6 
8.7 


6.6 
6.5 
8.0 
7.2 
6.6 
7.7 
6.7 
8.0 

8.2 

7.4 
7.5 
8.5 


7.5 
6.8 
8.3 
7.5 
7.0 
7.6 
6.4 
8.5 

8.4 
7.9 
7.9 
8.6 


7.8 
6.4 
7.2 
6.7 
5.4 
6.2 
5.7 
8.1 

7.7 
7.6 
7.5 
7.8 


6.6 
5.7 
5.8 
6.0 
4.7 
5.3 
4.9 
7.5 

6.9 
6.9 
6.9 
6.9 


Wyoming 
Colorado 
New Mexico.. 
Arizona 


Utah 


Nevada 


Pacific. 

Washington... 
Oregon 


California 



Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 



POPULATION AGE DISTRIBUTION 



39 



No. 30. AGE DISTRIBUTION: TOTALS 1900 TO 1930, AND BY SEX, RACE, NATIV- 
ITY AND PARENTAGE, 1930, CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES 



Age group 



All classes 



1900 



1910 



1930 



1930 



Native white 



Native 
parentage 



Foreign 
or mixed 
parentage 



Foreign- 
born 
white 



Negro 



NUMBER 

All ages 

Under 5 years 

Under 1 year 

5 to 9 years 

10 to 14 years 

15 to 19yeais 

20 to 24 years 

25 to 29 years 

30 to 34 years 

35 to 39 years 

40 to 44 years 

45 to 43 years 

50 to 54 years 

55 to 59 years 

60 to 64 years 

65 to 69 years 

70 to 74 years 

75 to 79 years 

80 to 84 years 

85 to 89 years 

90 to 94 years 

95 to 99 years 

100 years and over- 
Unknown... 



75, 994, 575 91, 972, 266 105, 710, 820 122, 775, 046 70, 136, 614 25, 361, 188 13, 386, 407 11, 891, 143 



9, 170, 628 10, 631, 364 
1,916, 892 1 2,817,848 
8, 874, 123< 9, 760, 632 
8, 080, 234 9, 107, 140 
7, 556, 089 9, 063, 603 
7,335,016 9,056,984 
6,529,441 8,180,003 
5, 556, 039 6, 972, 185 
4,964,781 6,396,100 
4,247, 166' 5,261.58' 
3, 454, 612i 4, 469, 1J7 



2, 942, 829 

2, 211, 172 

1,791,363 

1, 302, 926 

883,841 

519. 857 

251, 512 

88,600 

23,992 



PER CENT 

All ages 

Under 5 years 

Under 1 year 

5 to 9 years 

10 to 14 years 

15 to 19 years 

20 to 24 years 

25 to 29 years 

30 to 34 years 

3f, to 39 years 

40 to 44 years 

45 to 49 years 

50 to 54 years 

55 to 59 years. 

C0to64 years 

65 to 69 years 

70 to 74 years 

75 to 79 years 

SO to 84 years 

85 years and over.. 
Unknown.. . 



3,504 
200,584 



100.0 



12.1 
8.5 
11.7 
10.6 
9.9 
9.7 
8.6 
7.3 
6.5 
5.6 
4.5 
3.9 
2,9 
2.4 
L 

1.2 
.7 
.3 
.2 
.3 



3. 900, 791 

2, 786, 951 

2, 267, 150j 

1, 679, 503 

1, 113, 728 

667,302 

321, 754 

122.818 

33, 473 

7,391 

3,555 

169,055 



100.0 



11.6 
8.4 
10.6 



7.6 

7.0 

5.7 

4.9 

4.2 

3.0 

2.5 

1.8 

1.2 

.7 

.3 

.2 

.2 



11, 573, 230 

#, S57, 856 

11,398,075 

10, 641, 137 

9, 430, 556 

9, 277, 021 

9, 086, 491 

a, 071, 193 

7, 775, 281 

6, 345, 557 

5, 763, 620 

4, 734, 873 

3, 549, 124 

2, 982, 548 

2, 068, 475 

1, 395, 036 

856,560 

402,779 

156,539 

39,980 

9,579 

4,267 



11, 444, 390 
8, 190, 791 

12, 607, 609 
12, 004, 877 
11,552,115 
10, 870, 378 

9,833,608 

9, 120, 421 

9, 208, 645 

7, 990, 195 

1, 042, 279 

5,975,804 

4, 645, 677 

3, 751, 221 

2, 770. 605 

1, 950, 004 

1, 106, 390 

534, 676 

205,469 

51,664 

11,033 

3,964 

94,022 



7, 939, 165 
/, 549, S40\ 
8, 321, 038 
7, 528, 352 ! 
6, 932, 503J 
6, 355, 507 
5, 509, 780 
4, 916, 005 
4, 675, 975| 
3,9.53,253! 
3, 454, 299 
2, 941, 026 
2, 300, 842, 
1,821,621! 



100. 



100.0 



1, 346, 942 

1, 019, 306 

612, 330 

303, 217 

115, 450 

27,260 

4,723 

659 

57, 361 



100.0 



1,960,443 
345,962 
2, 513, 415 
2, 870, 194 
2, 854, 451 
2, 448, 656 
2, 042, 910 
, 946, 931 
, 875, 978 
, 551, 078 
, 303, 476 
,150,660 
963,652 
744,795 
535,584' 
358, 130 
157, 752' 
52, 694! 



27,788 
1,488 
121, 691 
147, 736 
324, 630 
661,992 
021,006 
246, 830 
631,667 
694, 176 
565, 214 
317, 370 
028, 613 
910, 5' 
712, 314 
460,614 



3,239 
544! 

10, 144 



100.0 



56,575 
13,954 

2,714 
450 

9,824 



100.0 



1, 230, 206 

'..-'.:. tn 

1, 368, 381 

1, 251, 542 

1, 250, 528 

1, 203, 191 

1,071,787 

864, 514 

890,900 

687,423 

630,065 

504,590 

309,397 

242, 169 

155, 177 

99,096 

58,711 

33. 377 

14, 948 

6,332 

2,611 

2,467 

13, 731 



100.0 



10.9 

8.1] 

10.8 

10. li 

8.9J 

. 8 

8.6 

7.6 

7.4| 

6.0i 

5.5 

4.5 

3.4 

2.8 

2.01 

1.3 

.8 

.4 

.2 

.1 



9.3 
1.8 
10.3 
9.8 
9.4 
8.9 
8.0 
7.4 
7.5 
6.5 
5.7 
4.9 
3.8 
3.1 
2.3 
1.6 
.9 
.4 

'.I 



11.3 

*.*; 

11.91 

10.7 
9.9 
9.1 
7.9 
7.0 
6.7 
5.6 
4.9 
4.2 
3.3 
2.6 



.1 



7.7 



11.3 
11.3 
9.7 
8.1 
7.7 
7.4 
6.1 
5.1 
4.5 
3.8 
2.9 
2.1 
1.4 



.1 



.9 

1.1 

2.4 

5.0 

7.6 

9.3 

12.2 

12.7 

11.7 

9.9 

7.7 

6.8 

5.3 

3.4 

2.0 

1.1 

.6 

.1 



10.3 

8.0 

11.5 

10.5 

10.5 

10.1 

9.0 

7.3 

7.5 

5.8 

5.3 

4.2 

2.6 

2.0 

1.3 

.8 

.5 

.3 

.2 

.1 



Age group 



Number, 1930 



Male Female 



Per cent 



Male 



Fe- 
male 



Age group 



Number, 1930 



Male Female 



Per cent 



Male 



Fe- 
male 



All ages... 

Under 5 years.-. 
Under 1 year... 

5 to rf years 

10 to 14 years 

15 to 19 years 

20 to 24 years 

25 to 29 years 

30 to 34 years 

35 to 39 years 

40 to 44 years 

45 to 49 years 



62, 137, 080 60, 637, 966 



100.0 100.0 



5,806,174 
1,112,171 
6, 381, 108 
6,068,777 
5, 757, 827 
5, 336, 815 
4,860,180 
4,561,786 
4, 679, 860 
4, 136, 459 
3, 671, 924 



5, 638, 216 
1, 078, fiW 

6, 226, 501 
5, 936, 100 
5, 794, 290 
5,533,563 
4, 973, 428 
4, 558, 635 
4, 528, 785 
3, 853, 736 
3, 370, 355 



9.3 

1.8 
10.3 
9.8 
9.3 
8.6 
7.8 
7. 

7.5 
6.7 
5.9 



9.3 
1.8 
10.3 
9.8 
9.6 
9.1 
8.2 
7.5 
7.5 
6.4 
5.6 



50 to 54 years 

55 to 59 years 

60 to 64 years 

65 to 69 years 

70 to 74 years 

75 to 79 years 

80 to 84 years 

85 to 89 years 

90 to 94 years 

95 to 99 years 

100 years and 

over 

Unknown... 



3, 131, 645 

2, 425, 992 

1,941,508: 

1, 417, 812! 

991,647| 

547,604J 

251, 138 



20,431 
4,283 

1,403 
51, 816 



2,844,159 

2, 219, 685 

1, 809, 713 

1, 352, 793 

958, 357 

558.786 

283,538 

114, 576 

31,233 

0,750 

2,561 
42,206 



5.0 
3 .9 



4.7 
3.7 



3. 1 3. 
2.3 2.2 
1.6 



.1 



.1 



i Totals include races not shown separately for 1930. 

* Less than one-tenth of 1 per cent. 

Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 



40 



POPULATION NONCONTIGUOUS TERRITORIES 



No. 31. MEDIAN AGES BY COLOR, NATIVITY, AND SEX: CONTINENTAL 

UNITED STATES 



Sex 


All classes 


Native white 


Foreign- 
born 
white 


Negro 


Total 


Native par- 
entage 


Foreign 
or mixed 
parentage 


1920 


1930 


1920 


1930 


1920 


1930 


1920 


1930 


1920 


1930 


1920 


1930 


Total 


25.2 


26.4 


22.4 


23.8 


22.7 


23.3 


21.6 


25.1 


40.0 


44.4 


22.8 


23.4 


Male - - 


25.8 
24.7 


26.7 
26.1 


22.4 
22.3 


23.7 
23.9 


22.8 
22.5 


23.4 
23.3 


21.4 
21.9 


24.7 
25.4 


40.1 
39.9 


44.6 
44.0 


22.8 
22.0 


23.7 
23.2 


Female 





No. 32. POPULATION OF ALASKA, HAWAII, AND PUERTO RICO: BY SEX, 
RACE, NATIVITY, AND AGE 

NOTE. Data represent actual enumerations. For estimated total population for intercensal years see 
Table 12, p. 10. The population of Puerto Rico for 1935 is according to a census taken as of Dec. 1 of that 
year by the Puerto Rican Reconstruction Administration. 





1910 


1920 


1930 




1910 


1920 


1930 


ALASKA 

Total.- 


64,356 


55, 036 


59, 278 


HAWAII continued 
Native 


98, 157 
47, 347 

41, 387 
9,423 
93, 752 

24,065 
5,515 
19, 055 
13, 537 
13,650 
95, 721 
25, 825 
56 


168, 671 
79,242 

73, 079 
16,350 
87, 241 

38,550 
8,579 
30, 195 
22, 060 
20,645 
103,416 
40, 933 
113 


299, 799 
161, 708 

106,946 
31,145 
68,537 

48,180 
9,573 
47,119 
38, 042 
33,490 
147, 919 
53,483 
103 


Male 


Native parent- 
age . .... 


45,857 
18, 499 

36, 400 
25, 331 
1,209 
913 
209 
294 

43, 921 
20, 435 

18,426 
10,993 

4,760 
2,673 
17, 974 

5,363 
1,108 
4,026 
2,876 
3,534 
35, 970 
11,965 
622 

191, 909 


34, 539 
20,497 

27,883 
26,558 
56 
312 
128 
99 

42,766 
12,270 

16,286 
9,538 

4,174 
2,574 
11,597 

5,669 
1,152 
5,599 
4,292 
3,279 
22, 676 
13, 224 
297 

255, 912 


35,764 
23,514 

28,640 
29,983 
26 
278 
136 
215 

48,709 
10, 569 

18, 460 
10,990 

4,324 
3,146 
10, 180 

6,356 
1,339 
6,078 
5,095 
4,735 
21, 036 
15, 839 
139 

368, 336 


Female 


Foreign parent- 
age 


White 


Mixed parentage _ 
Foreign born 


Indian 


Chinese 


Under 5 years 
Under 1 year 
5 to 9 years 


Japanese 


Negro 


All other 


Native 


10 to 14 years 


15 to 19 years 


Foreign born 
Native white 


20 to 44 years 


45 years and over-- 
Age unknown 


Native parent- 


age 

Foreign parent- 
age ..- 




1920 


1930 


1935 


Mixed parentage. 
Foreign-born white. 

Under 5 years 
Under 1 year 


PUERTO RICO 

Total . 


1, 299, 809 


1, 543, 913 


1, 723, 534 


Male - 


10 to 14 years 


647, 825 
651, 984 

I, 291, 642 
8,107 

948, 709 

941,228 
7,481 

351, 100 
3.50,414 
686 

200, 255 
43, 184 
195, 131 
168.054 
126, 248 
441, 128 
168, 696 
297 


771, 761 
772, 152 

1,537,896 
6,017 

1,146,719 
1,141, 114 
5,605 

397, 194 
396, 782 
412 

226,468 
44, 033 
224, 022 
199, 337 
186, 150 
508, 729 
198, 985 
222 


Mil, tin-) 

861, 899 

1,718,218 
5,316 

1, 312, 496 
1,307,517 
4,979 

411,038 
410,701 
337 

246, 437 
53, 452 
239, 148 
224, 786 
183, 039 
600, 556 
229, 549 
19 


Female 


20 to 44 years 


Native - 


45 years and over... 
Age unknown 

HAWAII 

Total 


Foreign born 


White 


Native 


Foreign born 
Colored ... 


Male 


123,099 
68,810 

26,041 
12, .506 
44,048 
21,674 
79, 675 
2,361 
4,533 
695 
376 


151, 146 
104, 766 

23,7?3 
18,027 
54,742 
23,507 
109, 274 
21, 031 
4,950 
348 
310 


222, 640 
145, 696 

22, 636 
28,224 
80,373 
27,179 
139, 631 
63, 052 
6,461 
563 
217 




Native 


Hawaiian 


Foreign born 

Under 5 years 
Under 1 year 
5 to 9 years 


Part-Hawaiian 
White 


Chinese 


Japanese 


10 to 14 years 


Filipino 


15 to 19 years 


Korean 


20 to 44 years 


Negro __ 


45 years and over... 
Age unknown 


Other races 





Source of Tables 31 and 32: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 



POPULATION ILLITERACY 



41 



No. 33. -ILLITERATE PERSONS 10 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER: CONTINENTAL 
UNITED STATES, 1920 AND 1930, AND BY GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS, 1930 

NOTE. For definition of urban population, see Table 7. Illiteracy in this and subsequent tables is 
defined as inability to write in any language, regardless of ability to read. Per cents represent propor- 
tion illiterate in the total number of persons of given class and age 



Division,sex,andage 


All classes l 


Native white, 
native 
parentage 


Native white, 
foreign or 
mixed par- 
entage 


Foreign-born 
white 


Negro 


Number 


Per 
cent 


Number 


Per 
cent 


Number 


Per 
cent 


Number 


Per 
cent 


Number 


Per 
cent 


United States, 1920 2 _- 
10 to 20 years 


4. 931. 905 


6.0 


1, 109, 875 


2.5 


132, 897 


0.8 


1, 763, 740 


13.1 


1, 842, 161 


22.9 


598, 794 
4.333,111 
1,955,112 
2, 976, 793 


2.7 
7.1 
4.4 

7.7 


171,564 
938, 311 
155, 493 
954,382 


1.3 

3.0 
.8 
3.8 


30,339 
102, 358 
55,620 
77,077 


.6 
.9 
.5 
1.4 


66,595 
1, 707, 145 
1, 327, 520 
436,220 


5.7 
13.7 
13.0 
13.3 


329, 174 
1, 512, 987 
402,170 
1, 439, 991 

1, 513, 892 


13.0 
27.4 
13.4 
28.5 

16.3 


21 years and over.. 
Urban total 


Rural, total 


United States, 1930. . 
Males 


4, 283, 753 


4.3 


986, 469 


1.8 


116,665 


.6 


1, 304, 084 


9.9 


2, 198, 293 
2, 085, 460 
420,538 
3, 863. 215 


4.4 
4.3 
1.6 
5.3 


577, 312 
409,157 
131, 151 
855, 318 


2.1 
1.5 
.8 
2.2 


62,736 
53,929 
17, 015 
99,650 


.6 
.5 
.3 
.7 


573, 977 
730,107 
7,582 
1,296,502 


8.1 
11.9 
1.3 
10.3 


801,949 
711,943 
207, 242 
1, 306, 650 


17.6 
15.1 
7.5 
20.0 


Females - 


10 to 20 years 
21 years and over . 

Urban total 


1. 800, 6C4 
65,863 
1, 734, 741 

2, 483, 149 
354, 675 
2, 128, 474 


3.2 
.5 
4.0 

6.0 
2.8 
7.3 


163, 227 
17,056 
146, 171 

823, 242 
114, 095 
709, 147 


.6 
.2 
.7 

3.0 

1.3 
3.8 


60,369 
9,661 
50,708 

56, 296 
7,354 
48,942 


.4 
.2 
.5 

1.0 
.5 
1.2 


1. 058. 845 
6,325 
1,052,520 

245,239 
1,257 
243, 982 


10.0 
1.3 
10.4 

9.4 
1.5 
9.6 


395, 849 
22,556 
373,293 

1,118,043 
184,686 
933, 357 


9.2 
2.3 
11.2 

22.4 
10.3 
29.2 


10 to 20 vears 


21 years and over.. 
Rural, total 


10 to 20 years 


21 years and over.. 
New England 


245, 270 
5,460 
239, 810 
198, 234 
47,036 

757, 228 
19,062 
738,166 
621, 593 
135,635 

442, 064 
13, 607 
428, 457 
315, 746 
126, 318 

156, 068 
9,771 
146, 297 
63,093 
92, 975 

1, C12, 523 
153, 182- 
859, 341 
220,729 
791, 794 
727, 861 
98, 970 
628, 891 
121, 549 
606,312 

675. 791 
101, 159 
574,632 
157, 892 
517, 899 

120, 866 
13,462 
107,404 
22,478 
98,388 

146, 082 
5,865 
140, 217 
79,290 
66,792 


3.7 
.3 
4.7 
3.8 
3.1 

3.5 
.4 
4.5 
3.7 
2.9 

2.1 
.3 
2.7 
2.3 
1.9 

1.4 
.4 
1.8 
1.4 
1.5 

8.3 
4.1 
10.2 
4.7 
10.5 

9.6 
4.2 
12.0 
5.4 
11.5 
7.2 
3.6 
8.7 
4.4 
8.9 

4.2 
1.7 
5.1 
1.9 
5.7 

2.1 
.4 
2.6 
1.7 
3.1 


14, 080 
1,934 
12,146 
4,903 
9,177 

52,050 
6,564 
45,486 
23,135 
28,915 

79. 897 
7,424 
72, 273 
27,727 
51, 970 

53. 276 
6,211 
47,065 
12,354 
40,922 

310, 381 
41,905 
268,476 
38,590 
271, 791 

288. 052 
38,826 
229,226 
24,955 
243,097 

172, 286 
24,052 
148, 234 
23,214 
149, 072 

28, 730 
2,702 
24,028 
4,611 
22,119 

9,917 
1,533 
8,384 
3,738 
6,179 


.6 
.3 
.7 
.3 
1.1 

.6 
.3 

.7 
.4 
1.0 

.7 
.2 
.9 
.4 
1.1 

.8 
.3 
1.1 
.5 
1.1 

3.9 
1.7 
4.9 
1.4 
5.3 
5.1 
2.3 
6.3 
1.7 
6.4 

2.7 
1.2 
3.3 
1.0 
3.7 

1.5 
.5 
2.0 
.7 
2.1 

.3 
.2 
.3 

:! 


16,049 
2,415 
13,634 
9,998 
6,051 

80. 693 
6,715 
23,978 
21,245 
9,448 

30, 587 
3,305 
27,282 
14,882 
15, 705 

15, 562 
1,572 
13,990 
5,182 
10,380 

4,202 
483 
3,719 
2,228 
1,974 

2,078 
137 
1,941 
746 
1,332 

10, 181 
1,150 
9,031 
2,929 
7,252 

2.316 
354 
1,962 
833 
1,483 

4,997 
884 
4,113 
2,326 
2,671 


.7 
.3 
.9 
.5 
1.6 

.5 
.3 
.6 
.4 
1.0 

.6 

.2 
.7 
.4 
1.1 

.5 
.3 
.6 
.4 
.6 
.8 
.3 
1.0 
.6 
1.5 

1.2 
.5 
1.3 
.6 
2.8 
2.0 
1.1 
2.2 
1.1 
3.0 

.4 

.2 
.4 
.3 
.5 

.3 

.2 
.3 
.2 

.6 


210, 048 
1,000 
209,046 
179, 423 
30,623 

636,479 
4,307 
632,172 
546,551 
89,928 

281, 645 
1,337 
280.308 
232. 547 
49,098 

51, 982 
222 
51,760 
28,156 
23,826 

81, 328 
180 
31, 148 
21,604 
9,724 

4,238 
18 
4,220 
2,721 
1,517 

15, 958 
91 

15,867 
7,594 
8,364 

15, 962 
93 
15,869 
6,522 
9,440 

58,448 
334 
56,112 
33,727 
22,719 


11.6 
1.1 
12.1 
11.6 
11.5 

12.2 

1.8 
12.7 
11.9 
15.0 
8.8 
1.0 
9.2 
8.8 
8.9 

4.9 
1.0 
5.0 
5.6 
4.3 

10.4 
1.5 
10.8 
9.8 
12.1 

7.4 
1.1 
7.6 
6.6 
9.6 
9.4 
2.0 
9.6 
7.8 
11.6 

5.8 
1.0 
5.7 
4.9 
6.2 

4.9 
.6 
6.1 
4.1 
7.0 


4,187 
83 
4,104 
3,089 
1,098 

32, 223 
1,275 
30,948 
25,644 
6,579 

36,454 
779 
35, 675 
30,204 
6,250 

21, 170 
845 
20,325 
12,936 
8,234 

862. 055 
109,534 
552, 521 
157, 917 
504,138 

452, 082 
59,563 
392, 519 
93, 019 
359,063 

302, 280 
35,062 
267, 218 
70,728 
231, 552 

1,070 
51 
1,019 
622 
448 
2,371 
50 
2,321 
1,690 
681 


5.5 
.5 
7.0 
4.7 
11.0 

3.7 
.7 
4.4 
3.3 
7.3 

4.7 
.5 
5.7 
4.3 
9.3 

7.8 
1.5 
9.2 
5.9 
14.1 

19.7 
9.5 
25.0 
13.2 
23.2 

22.0 
9.2 
28.0 
14.8 
25.2 

17.0 
6.5 
21.6 
11.4 
20.0 

4.1 
1.1 
4.8 
3.4 
5.8 

3.1 
.4 
3.6 
2.5 
6.9 


10 to 20 years 
21 years and over.. 
Urban, total 
Rural, total 

Middle Atlantic 


10 to 20 years , 


21 years and over.. 
Urban, total 
Rural, total 


East North Central, _ _ 
10 to 20 years 


21 years and over. 
Urban, total 
Rural, total 


West North CentraL . 
10 to 20 vears 


21 years and over- 
Urban, total 


Rural, total 
South Atlantic 


10 to 20 years 


21 years and over.. 
Urban, total 


Rural, total 


East South Central... 
10 to 20 years 


21 years and over.. 
Urban, total 


Rural, total 


West South Central. . . 
10 to 20 years. _ . 
21 years and over.. 
Urban, total 
Rural, total 

Mountain 


10 to 20 years 
21 years and over.. 
Urban, total 
Rural, total 


Pacific 


10 to 20 years 
21 years and over.. 
Urban, total 
Rural, total 





1 Includes Indians, Chinese, Japanese, and other non white not shown separately. 
1 Figures for native white of foreign or mixed parentage and for foreign-born white in 1920 include 
persons of the Mexican race who were given a separate classification in 1930. 
Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 



-AND 



42 



POPULATION ILLITERACY 



No. 34. ILLITERATE PERSONS 10 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER AND 21 YEARS 
OF AGE AND OVER: BY STATES, 1930 



Division and State 


Number of illiterate persons 10 years of age and over 


Illiterate persons 
of voting age 


All classes 1 


Native 
white 


Foreign- 
born 
white 


Negro 


Male 


Female 


Total 


Male 


Female 


Continental 
United States. 

Hew England 


4, 283, 753 


2, 198, 293 


2, 085, 460 


1, 103, 134 


1, 304, 084 


1, 513, 892 


1, 942, 729 


1, 920, 486 


245, 270 
17, 172 
10,231 
6,299 
124,158 
27,536 
59, 874 

757, 228 
388,883 
128,022 
240,323 

442,064 
123,804 
43, 721 
153,507 
76,800 
44,232 

156, 068 
26,302 
15, 879 
67,905 
7,814 
6,763 
12, 725 
18,680 

1, 012, 523 
7,805 
49, 910 
6,611 
162,588 
62, 492 
236,261 
192, 878 
210, 736 
83,242 

727, 861 
131, 545 
145, 460 
251, 095 
199, 761 

675, 791 
96,818 
219, 750 
51, 102 
308,121 

120, 866 
7,303 
3,743 
2,895 
23,141 
41,845 
33,969 
4,640 
3,330 

148, 082 
13, 458 
7,814 
124, 810 


110,237 
10,294 
5,341 
3,805 
52, 936 
12,027 
25,834 

337, 079 
165, 262 
57, 651 
114, 166 

223, 325 

63,489 
24,609 
73, 953 
38,620 
22,654 

83, 165 

13, 185 
8,624 
38,163 
3,850 
3,191 
6,124 
10,028 

555, 456 
4,160 
26,987 
2,827 
93, 666 
36, 791 
130, 482 
99,523 
115,869 
45, 151 

405, 309 
77,834 
84,489 
133, 645 
109,341 

350, 340 
53,666 
109, 745 
30,114 
156,815 

57, 857 
4,042 
2,177 
1,674 
10, 716 
18,329 
16,309 
2,642 
1,968 

75, 525 
7,043 
4,423 
64,059 


135, 033 

6,878 
4,890 
2,494 
71, 222 
15,509 
34,040 

420, 149 
223, 621 
70, 371 
126, 157 

218, 739 
60,315 
19, 112 
79,554 
38,180 
21, 578 

72, 903 
13,117 
7,255 
29,742 
3,964 
3,572 
6,601 
8,652 

457, 067 
3,645 
22,923 
3,784 
68,922 
25, 701 
105, 779 
93, 355 
94,867 
38,091 

322, 552 
53,711 
60,971 
117,4.50 
90,420 

325, 451 
43, 152 
110,005 
20,988 
151, 306 

63,009 
3,261 
1,566 
1,221 
12,425 
23, 516 
17,660 
1,998 
1,362 

70, 557 
6, 415 
3,391 
60,751 


30, 129 

8,617 
2,366 
3,261 
9,652 
2,732 
3,501 

82, 743 

34,654 
11, 572 
36, 517 

110,284 
32,387 
22,510 
28,284 
14,790 
12, 313 

68, 838 
7,244 
8,177 
39, 252 
1,763 
1,639 
3,762 
7,001 

314, 583 
1,896 
13,202 
533 
65, 482 
42, 476 
93, 372 
36, 246 
46, 898 
14,478 

270, 130 
101, 695 
87,406 
60, 959 
20,070 

182, 467 
35, 890 
71,903 
27,796 
46,878 

29,046 
932 
1,151 
381 
5,807 
18, 733 
960 
952 
130 

14, 914 
3,03J 
2,043 
9,840 


210, 046 

8,393 
7,820 
3,005 
111, 568 
24,124 
55, 136 

636,479 
341, 345 
107, 192 
187, 942 

281, 645 
74, 131 
13, 536 
108,984 
55,034 
29,960 

51, 982 
16, 759 
5,932 
11, 183 
4,649 
2,422 
6,924 
4,113 

31, 328 

2,392 
11,539 
1,411 
1,738 
9,788 
450 
297 
5.54 
3,159 

4,238 
M67 
754 
1,335 
882 

15, 958 
666 
(i, f>77 
1,479 
7,136 

15, 962 
3,085 
1,198 
811 
7,331 
530 
551 
1,547 
909 

56, 446 

7, 103 
3, 743 
45, 600 


4,187 
43 
27 
22 
2,303 
635 
1,157 

32,228 

8,604 
8,711 
14,908 

38, 454 
16, 213 
5,605 
10,044 
4,201 
391 

21, 170 

160 
111 
16, 532 
11 
12 
450 
3,228 

662, 055 
3,496 
25,073 
4,591 
95, 148 
10, 173 
139, 105 
156, 065 
163,237 
65, 167 

452, 082 
28,553 
57, 251 
188, 673 
177, 605 

302, 280 
60,102 
139, 393 
12,560 
90,225 

1,070 

52 
25 
47 
403 
140 
366 
30 
7 

2,371 
174 
49 
2,148 


107, 189 

9,580 
5,156 
3,635 
51, 766 
11, 742 
25, 310 

827, 851 

160, 435 
56,065 
110,851 

215,881 
61, 239 
23, 605 
71,756 
37, 340 
21, 721 

77,263 
12, 428 
8,008 
35,394 
3,456 
2,942 
5,709 
9,326 

455, 746 
3,984 
25, 105 
2,741 
78, 805 
33,224 
107, 944 
74, 332 
91, 613 
37, 998 

342, 070 

66,858 
71, 939 
110,565 
92,708 

293, 650 
45, ,541 
93, 524 
26, 141 
128, 444 

51, 435 
3,873 
2,045 
1, 541 
9,962 
15, 739 
13,994 
2,390 
1,891 

72, 364 

6, .527 
4,170 
61,667 


132, 621 
6, 512 
4,772 
2,378 
70,159 
15, 247 
33,553 

410, 815 
218, 745 
68,867 
123, 203 

212, 796 

58,493 
18, 442 
77, 748 
37, 233 
20,880 

69, 034 
12,543 
6,782 
28,181 
3,704 
3,374 
6, 287 
8,163 

403, 595 
3,536 
21, 807 
3,715 
61, 645 
23, 629 
94,279 
77, 980 
83, 459 
33, 545 

286, 821 
48, 047 
54, 985 
103, 359 
80,430 

280, 982 
38,656 
97, 725 
18, 946 
125, 655 

55, 969 
3,116 
1,475 
1,102 
11,646 
20,567 
14, 998 
1,76.5 
1,300 

67, 853 
6,107 
3,201 

58,545 


Maine 


New Hampshire- . 
Vermont 


Massachusetts 
Rhode Island 
C onnecticut 


Middle Atlantic 


New York 


New Jersey 


Pennsylvania 

East Worth Central... . 
Ohio 


Indiana. . 


Illinois 


Michigan. .. 


Wisconsin 


West North Central... 
Minnesota 


Iowa 


Missouri 


North Dakota 
South Dakota 
Nebraska 


Kansas 


South Atlantic 


Delaware - 


Maryland 


Dist. of Columbia.. 
Virginia 


West Virginia .. 


North Carolina 
South Carolina 
Georgia. 


Florida 


East South Central 
Kentucky ... 


Tennessee . 


Alabama 


Mississippi 


West South Central 

Arkansas 


Louisiana 


Oklahoma 


Texas . 


Mountain 


Montana 


Idaho... 


Wyoming 


Colorado 


New Mexico.. 


Arizona. 


Utah 


Nevada. 


Pacific 


Washington 


Oregon 


California 





1 The total includes 362,643 illiterate persons among the Mexicans, Indians, Chinese, Japanese, and other 
nonwhite population. 

Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 



POPULATION ILLITERACY 43 

No. 35. PERCENTAGE OF ILLITERACY: BY STATES 



Division and State 


Per cent illiterate among persons 10 years of age and over 


Per cent 
illiterate 
among 
persons of 
voting age, 
1930 


All classes 


Male 


Fe- 
male 


Native 
white 


Foreign- 
born white 


Negro 


1920 


1930 


1930 


1930 


19301 


1930 


19201 


1930 


1920 


1930 


Male 


Fe- 
male 


Continental United 
States 








4.3 


2.0 


1.5 


13.1 


9.9 


22.9 


16.3 


5.2 


5.4 


Ne^ EnglaT><l 


4.9 
3.3 
4.4 
3.0 
4.7 
6.5 
6.2 

4.9 

5.1 
5.1 
4.6 

2.9 

2.8 
2.2 
3.4 
3.0 
2.4 

2.0 
1.8 
1.1 
3.0 
2.1 
1.7 
1.4 
1.6 

11.5 
5.9 
5.6 
2.8 
11.2 
6.4 
13.1 
18.1 
15.3 
9.6 

12.7 
8.4 
10.3 
16.1 
17.2 

10.0 
9.4 
21.9 
3.8 

8.3 

5.2 
2.3 
1.5 
2.1 
3.2 
15.6 
15.3 
1.9 
5.9 

2.7 
1.7 
1.5 
3.3 


3.7 
2.7 
2.7 
2.2 
3.5 
4.9 
4.5 

3.5 

3.7 
3.8 
3.1 

2.1 
2.3 
1.7 
2.4 
2.0 
L9 

1.4 
1.3 
.8 
2.3 
1.5 
1.2 
1.2 
1.2 

8.3 

4.0 
3.8 
1.6 
8.7 
4.8 
10.0 
14.9 
9.4 
7.1 

9.6 

6.6 
7.2 
12.6 
13.1 

7.2 

6.8 
13.5 
2.8 
6.8 

4.2 
1.7 
1.1 
1.6 
2.8 
13.3 
10.1 
1.2 
4.4 

2.1 
1.0 
1.0 
2.6 


3.4 
3.2 
2.S 
2.6 
3.1 
4.4 
3.9 

3.1 

3.1 
3.5 
2.9 

2.1 

2.3 
1.8 
2.3 
1.9 
1.8 

1.5 
1.2 
.8 
2.6 
1.4 
1.1 
1.1 
1.3 

9.2 
4.2 
4.1 
1.4 

10.0 
5.5 
11.2 
15.8 
10.6 
7.7 

10.8 
7.7 
8.4 
13.5 
14.4 

7.8 

7.4 
13.6 
3.2 
6.8 

3.7 

1.7 
1.2 
1.7 

2.5 
11.2 
9.0 
1.3 
4.3 

2.1 
1.0 
1.0 

2.6 


3.9 
2.1 
2.5 
1.7 
3.9 
5.4 
5.1 

3.9 
4.3 
4.2 
3.3 

2.2 
2.2 
1.5 
2.6 
2.1 
1.9 

1.4 
1.3 
.7 
2.0 
1.6 
1.4 
1.2 
L2 

7.5 
3.8 
3.5 
1.7 
7.4 
4.1 
8.9 
14.1 
8.3 
6.5 

8.5 
5.4 
6.0 
11.6 
11.8 

7.0 

fi.2 
13.5 
2.4 
6.8 

4.6 
1.7 
1.0 
1.6 
3.1 
15.7 
11.4 
1.1 
4.5 

2.1 
1.0 
.9 
2.6 


.7 
1.6 
.7 
1.5 
.4 
.7 
.4 

.6 
.5 

.6 
.8 

.9 
.9 
1.3 

.8 
.7 
.7 

.9 
~4 
.5 
2.0 
.4 
.4 
.4 
.6 

5.1 
1.8 
1.8 
.3 
5.9 
4.6 
8.2 
6.5 
5.4 
2.9 

6.4 
7.0 
7.3 

6.3 
3.6 

4.1 
4.5 
10.5 
2.3 
3.0 

2.0 
.3 
.3 
.3 
1.4 
11.6 
2.1 
.3 
.4 

.4 

.3 
.4 
.4 


.6 
1.6 
.8 
1.3 
.4 
.7 
.4 

.6 
.5 
.5 
.6 

.7 
.7 
.9 
.6 
.5 
.6 

.7 
L 

!5 

8.7 
1.2 
1.3 
.2 
4.8 
3.7 
5.6 
5.1 
3.3 
1.9 

5.0 

5.7 
5.4 
4.8 
2.7 

2.6 
3.5 
7.3 
1.7 
1.4 

1.2 
.3 
.4 
.3 
.8 
7.7 
.5 
.3 
.2 

.3 
.3 
.3 
.3 


14.0 
11.1 
15.4 
11.3 
12.8 
16.5 
17.0 

15.7 
14.2 
15.3 

18.9 

10.8 
12.6 
11.8 
11.0 
9.9 
8.4 

6.4 

5.4 
4.9 
9.6 
5.6 
4.7 
6.4 
10.5 

12.8 
17.3 
13.4 
6.1 
7.1 
24.0 
6.8 
6.2 
5.4 
6.3 

9.1 
7.3 
8.3 
10.9 
13.3 

29.9 
8.3 
21.9 
14.0 
33.8 

12.7 
5.6 
6.5 
9.0 
12.4 
27.1 
27.5 
6.3 
8.5 

8.6 

4.7 
5.1 
10.5 


11.6 

8.5 
9.6 
7.2 
10.7 
14.3 
14.6 

12.2 
10.8 
12.9 
15.4 

8.8 

11.6 
10.1 
9.0 
6.7 
7.8 

4.9 
4.3 
3.6 
7.5 
4.4 
3.7 
6.0 
5.9 

10.4 

14.3 
12.2 
4.8 
7.4 
19.2 
5.2 
5.7 
4.0 
5.4 

7.4 
5.8 
5.8 
S. 5 
12.6 

9.4 
6.6 
19.2 
5.6 
7.3 

5.6 
4.3 
4.0 
4.2 
8.6 
6.8 
3.6 
3.6 
7.5 

4.9 
2.9 
3.6 
5.7 


7.1 
5.9 
6.7 
6.2 
6.8 
10.2 
6.2 

5.0 
2,9 
6.1 
6.1 

7.8 

8.1 
9.5 
6.7 
4.2 
4.1 

10.5 
3.1 
8.1 
12.1 
4.0 
5.2 
4.8 

as 

25.2 
19.1 
18.2 
8.6 
23.5 
15.3 
24.5 
29.3 
29.1 
21.5 

27.9 
21.0 
22.4 
31.3 
29.3 

25.3 
21.8 
38.5 
12.4 
17.8 

5.3 
6.0 
5.4 
5.3 
6.2 
4.3 
4.6 
4.6 
5.1 

4.6 
4.0 
4.7 
4.7 


5.5 
4.8 
3.9 
4.9 
5.4 
8.1 
4.9 

3.7 
2.5 
5.1 
4.2 

4.7 
6.4 
6.0 
3.6 
3.0 
4.4 

7.6 
2.0 
5.4 

as 

3.4 
2.2 
3.9 
5.9 

19.7 
13.2 
11.4 
4.1 
19.2 
11.3 
20.6 
26.9 
19.9 

ias 

22.0 
15.4 
14.9 
26.2 
23.2 

17.0 
16.1 
23.3 
9.3 
13.4 

4.1 
4.6 
4.2 
4.2 
3.9 
6.0 
4.0 
3.2 
L5 

3.1 
2.9 
2.5 
3.1 


4.3 
3.9 
3.5 
3.2 
4.0 
5.8 
5.2 

4.0 
3.9 
4.4 
3.9 

2.7 
2,9 
2.3 
2.9 
2.4 
2.4 

1.9 
1.6 
LO 
3.1 
L8 
1.4 
1.4 
1.6 

10.9 
5.2 
5.0 
1.7 
12.1 
7.0 
14.2 
18.8 
12.5 

a7 

13.1 
9.3 
10.3 
16.6 
18.0 

8.7 
9.2 
16.5 
3.9 

7.8 

4.5 
2.1 
1.5 
2.0 
3.1 
13.6 
10.4 
1.7 
5.0 

2.5 
1.2 
1.3 
3.0 


5.1 
2.7 
3.2 
2.2 
5.0 
7.0 
6.3 

5.1 
5.4 
5.5 
4.4 

2.8 
2.9 
1.9 
3.3 
2.7 
2.5 

1.8 
1.7 
.9 
2.5 
2.3 
L9 
1.6 
1.5 

9.5 
4.9 
4.4 
2.1 

9.5 
5.5 
12.0 
18.4 
10.9 
7.8 

11.0 

6.8 
7.7 
15.2 
15.6 

8.7 
8.2 
17.2 
3.1 

a'o 

5.8 
2.3 
1.3 
2.0 
3.9 
20.3 
13.7 
1.4 
5.6 

2.6 
1.3 
1.1 
3.2 


Maine 


New Hampshire 


Vermont 




Rhode Island 


Connecticut 


Middle Atlantic 


New York 


New Jersey 


Pennsylvania.. 


East North Central 


Ohio 


Indiana 


Illinois 


Michigan 


Wisconsin 


West North Central 


Minnesota _ . 


Iowa 


Missouri . . _ . 


North Dakota 


South Dakota 


Nebraska 


Kansas - . 


South Atlantic 


Delaware 


Maryland 


District of Columbia. .. 
Virginia 


West Virginia 


North Carolina 


South Carolina 


Georgia 


Florida 


East South Central 


Kentucky 


Tennessee 


Alabama 


Mississippi 

West South Central . _ _ 


Arkansas 


Louisiana 


Oklahoma 


Texas 


Mountain 


Montana 


Idaho 


Wyoming 


Colorado 


New Mexico 


Arizona. 


Utah 


Nevada 


Pacific 


Washington 


Oregon 


California 





1 A part of the decreases from 1920 to 1930 in the percentage illiterate in some States is doubtless due to 
the separate classification in 1930 of Mexicans who were included in 1920 with the white population. 
Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 



44 



POPULATION MAEITAL CONDITION 
No. 36. MARITAL CONDITION OF PERSONS 15 YEARS 



Division and State 


Males 15 years of age and over 


Number 


Per cent of total 


Total 


Single 


Married 


Widowed 


Di- 
vorced 


Un- 
known 


Single 


Mar- 
ried 


Wid- 
owed 


Continental United 
States 

New England 


43, 881, 021 


14, 953, 712 


26, 327, 109 


2,025,038 


489, 478 


85, 686 


34.1 


60.0 


4.6 


2, 901, 430 

285, 114 
168, 465 
131, 484 
1, 501, 904 
238, 674 
575, 789 

9, 580, 982 
4, 714, 608 
1, 476, 159 
3, 390, 215 

9, 378, 078 
2, 436, 685 
1, 185, 534 
2, 869, 347 
1, 806, 530 
1, 079, 977 

4, 844, 547 
939, 795 
899, 826 
1, 330, 551 
241, 350 
249, 409 
498, 502 
685, 114 

5, 167, 443 
88,886 
588,895 
181, 673 
802, 623 
575, 638 
968,308 
516, 766 
926, 871 
517, 783 

3, 214, 765 
870, 198 
864, 634 
835, 246 
644, 677 

4, 144, 135 
613, 805 
692, 160 
823,058 
2,016,112 

1,354,047 
211,910 
163, 154 
89,966 
379, 165 
141, 079 
158, 621 
168,237 
41,915 

3, 295, 609 
628,346 
381, 529 
2, 285, 734 


1, 024, 340 
90,569 
54,469 
44, 303 
545, 566 
84, 434 
204,999 

3,413,672 

1, 718, 371 
512, 215 
1, 183, 086 

3, 100, 837 

769, 282 
351, 910 
985, 343 
601, 745 
392, 557 

1, 673, 552 
367, 844 
298,856 
415, 233 
104,297 
97,168 
172, 548 
217, 606 

1, 757, 614 
30, 568 
205, 202 
63, 695 
284,780 
195,006 
336, 359 
180, 416 
304,704 
156, 884 

1,005,370 
270, 339 
270, 671 
266,977 
197, 383 

1,325,281 
183, 707 
230,262 
254,549 
656, 743 

489, 101 
86,283 
59,389 
35,726 
125, 015 
47, 817 
57,232 
59, 334 
18, 305 

1, 163, 965 
224, 798 
130, 768 
808,399 


1, 701, 884 
172, 525 
100,586 
77, 076 
870, 510 
140, 310 
340, 877 

5, 673, 131 
2, 761, 908 
892, 349 
2. 018, 874 

5, 701, 796 
1, 514, 131 
750, 884 
1, 715, 640 
1, 095, 563 
625, 578 

2, 878, 764 
520, 870 
- 545,117 
825, 917 
125, 670 
138, 870 
297, 725 
422, 595 

3, 129, 689 

52, 694 
348, 063 
107, 418 
473, 870 
352, 122 
589, 236 
312, 653 
569, 512 
324, 121 

2, 018, 400 

546,342 
541,796 
521, 268 
406,994 

2, 565, 026 
389, 325 
422, 503 
517,512 
1, 235, 686 

775, 861 
111,496 
93, 455 
48, 671 
227, 494 
83, 537 
90,370 
100, 785 
20,053 

1, 886, 558 
357, 702 
221,806 
1, 307, 050 


146, 012 

17, 444 
10, 680 
8,232 
72, 410 
11,568 
25, 678 

421, 004 
197, 157 
62, 415 
161. 432 

435, 523 

117, 191 
62, 775 
127, 762 
78, 849 
48,946 

227, 980 
41, 981 
43, 180 
68,248 
9,269 
10, 447 
21,694 
33, 161 

233,004 
4,712 
28,854 
8,113 
35, 948 
22,899 
37, 605 
21, 918 
45, 205 
27, 750 

158, 157 
43, 573 
41, 673 
38,946 
31, 965 

195, 546 
33, 197 
32, 460 
37, 583 
92,306 

62,515 
9,397 
6,990 
3, 715 
18, 895 
7,938 
7,786 
5,842 
1,953 

147,295 
28,951 
18, 332 
100, 012 


24, 588 
4,102 
2, 545 
1,779 
10, 610 
2,070 
3,482 

50, 541 
22, 117 
7,137 

21,287 

126, 309 
33, 696 
18,076 
35,562 
28,161 
10, 814 

58, 184 
8,135 
11, 758 
18, 442 
1,611 
2,314 
5,645 
10, 279 

36, 338 
661 
4,869 
1,808 
5,801 
5,183 
3,815 
1,418 
6,341 
6,442 

31, 127 
9,005 
8,269 
7,307 
6,546 

53, 534 
7,057 
6,121 
12,548 
27,808 

24, 269 
4,338 
3,020 
1,611 
6,938 
1,678 
2,957 
2,153 
1,574 

84, 588 
14, 876 
10, 126 
59,686 


4,606 

474 
185 
94 
2,808 
. 292 
753 

22, 634 

15, 055 
2,043 
5, 536 

13,608 

2,385 
1,889 
5,040 
2,212 
2,082 

8,067 
965 
915 
2,711 
503 
610 
890 
1,473 

10, 798 
251 
1,907 
639 
2,224 
428 
1,293 
361 
1,109 
2,586 

5,701 

939 
2,225 
748 
1,789 

4,768 
519 
814 
866 
2,569 

2,301 
396 
300 
243 
823 
109 
277 
123 
30 

13, 203 
2,019 
497 
10,687 


35.3 

31.8 
32.3 
33.7 
36.3 
35.4 
35.6 

35.6 

36.4 
34.7 
34.9 

33.1 
31.6 
29.7 
34.3 
33.3 
36.3 

34.5 
39.1 
33.2 
31.2 
43.2 
39.0 
34.6 
31.8 

34.0 

34.4 
34.8 
35.1 
35.5 
33.9 
34.7 
34.9 
32.9 
30.3 

31.3 
31. 1 
31.3 

32.0 
30.6 

32.0 

29.9 
33.3 
30.9 
32.6 

36.1 

40.7 
36.4 
39.7 
33.0 
33.9 
36.1 
35.3 
43.7 

35.3 

35.8 
34.3 
35.4 


58.7 
60.6 
59.7 
58.6 
58.0 
58.8 
59.2 

59.2 
58.6 
60.5 
59.6 

60.8 

62.1 
63.3 
59.8 
60.6 
57.9 

59.4 
55.4 
60.6 
62.1 
52.1 
55.7 
59.7 
61.7 

60.6 

59.3 
59.1 
59.1 
59.0 
61.2 
60.9 
60.5 
61.4 
62.6 

62.7 

62.8 
62.7 
62.4 
63.1 

61.9 

(53. 4 
61.0 
62.9 
61.3 

57.3 
52.6 
57.3 
54.1 
60.0 
59.2 
57.0 
59.9 
47.8 

67.2 
56.9 
58.1 
57.2 


5.0 

6. 1 
6.3 
6.3 
4.8 
4.8 
4.5 

4.4 

4.2 
4.2 
4.8 

4.6 

4.8 
5.3 
4.5 
4.4 
4.5 

4.7 
4.5 
4.8 
5.1 
3.8 
4.2 
4.4 
4.8 

4.5 
5.3 
4.9 
4.5 
4.5 
4.0 
3.9 
4.2 
4.9 
5.4 

4.9 
5.0 
4.8 
4.7 
6.0 

4.7 
5.4 
4. 7 
4.6 
4.6 

4.6 
4.4 
4.3 
4.1 
6.0 
6.6 
4.9 
3.5 
4.7 

4.5 
4.6 
4.8 
4.4 


Maine 


New Hampshire 


Vermont 


Massachusetts 


Rhode Island . 


Connecticut _ -- 


Middle Atlantic 


New York 


New Jersey. 
Pennsylvania . . 


East North Central 


Ohio 




Illinois 


Michigan 


Wisconsin 


West North Central 
Minnesota _ 


Iowa 


Missouri. -- -- 


North Dakota . 


South Dakota 


Nebraska __ 


Kansas 


South Atlantic 


Delaware 


Maryland . --- 


District of Columbia. 
Virginia 


West Virginia 


North Carolina - 


South Carolina 


Georgia _ - 


Florida 


East South Central 


Kentucky 


Tennessee 


Alabama 


Mississippi 


West South Central 


Arkansas 


Louisiana. . . 


Oklahoma 


Texas 


Mountain 


Montana 


Idaho. 


Wyoming 


Colorado 


New Mexico.. 


Arizona 


Utah 


Nevada 


Pacific 


Washington 


Oregon 
California 





Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 



POPULATION MARITAL CONDITION 
OF AGE AND OVER, BY SEX: BY STATES, 1930 



45 



Females 15 years of age and over 




Number 


Per cent of total 


Division 






and State 


Total 


Single 


Married 


Widowed 


Divorced 


Un- 
known 


Single 


Mar- 
ried 


Wid- 
owed 




42, 837, 149 


11,306,653 


28, 170, 756 


4, 734, 207 


573, 143 


52, 385 


26.4 


81.1 


11.1 


U.S. 


3, 044, 692 

283,484 


972, 313 
72, 768 


1, 697, 691 
172,270 


340, 898 
33,899 


30, 705 
4,211 


3,085 
336 


31.9 
25.7 


55.8 
60.8 


11.2 
12.0 


N. E. 
Me. 


171, 907 


48, 174 


99, 922 


21, 148 


2,534 


129 


28.0 


58.1 


12.3 


N. H. 


126, 417 


32, 274 


76, 472 


16,004 


1,582 


85 


25.5 


60.5 


12.7 


vt. 


1,620,410 


551, 892 


869,725 


181, 875 


15,020 


1,898 


34.1 


53.7 


11.2 


Mass. 


256,835 


85,282 


140, 578 


27, 821 


3,056 


98 


33.2 


54.7 


10.8 


R.I. 


585,639 


181,923 


338, 724 


60,151 


4,302 


539 


31.1 


57.8 


10.3 


Conn. 


9, 547, 467 


2, 804, 829 


5, 622, 781 


1, 038, 636 


64,634 


16, 587 


29.4 


58.9 


10.9 


H. A. 


4, 721, 139 


1,417,657 


2, 738, 973 


522, 983 


30,596 


10,930 


30.0 


58.0 


11.1 


N. Y. 


1,470,247 


416, 041 


884,506 


158,585 


9,678 


1,437 


28.3 


60.2 


10.8 


N. J. 


3,356,081 


971, 131 


1, 999, 302 


357,068 


24,360 


4,220 


28.9 


59.6 


10.6 


Pa. 


8, 901, 167 
2, 384, 808 


2, 246, 305 
594, 443 


5, 640, 326 
1, 496, 574 


934, 140 

255, 108 


132, 228 
37, 165 


8,170 
1,518 


25.1 

24.9 


62.9 

62.8 


10.4 

10.7 


E. N. C. 

Ohio. 


1, 155, 964 


262, 586 


744,990 


128,917 


18, 458 


1,013 


22.7 


64.4 


11.2 


Ind. 


2, 780, 510 


735, 489 


1, 701, 891 


299, 551 


40,186 


3,393 


26.5 


61.2 


10.8 


111. 


1, 629, 915 


373, 677 


1,075,586 


154, 241 


25, 259 


1,152 


22.9 


66.0 


9.5 


Mich. 


1,009,970 


280, 110 


621,285 


96,323 


11, 158 


1,094 


27.7 


61.5 


9.5 


Wis. 


4, 632, 889 


1, 225, 894 


2, 885, 534 


475, 523 


61,908 


3,810 


26.5 


81.9 


10.3 


W. W. C. 


882, 618 


270,487 


519, 131 


83,104 


9,283 


613 


30.6 


58.8 


9.4 


Minn. 


872,053 


226,333 


543, 432 


89, 464 


12, 224 


600 


28.0 


62.3 


10.3 


Iowa, 


1,328,759 


323, 109 


825, 087 


158,222 


21, 162 


1,179 


24.3 


62.1 


11.9 


Mo. 


205,764 


65,124 


124, 632 


14,292 


1,474 


242 


31.6 


60.6 


6.9 


N.Dak. 


218, 763 


61,087 


138,030 


17,363 


2,021 


262 


27.9 


63.1 


7.9 


S. Dak. 


471,298 


123,988 


296, 670 


44, 089 


6,072 


479 


26.3 


62.9 


9.4 


Nebr. 


653,414 


155, 766 


418,552 


68,989 


9,672 


435 


23.8 


64.1 


10.6 


Kans. 


5, 246, 825 

85,276 


1,414,211 
22.203 


3, 145, 495 
52,344 


626, 831 
9,937 


53, 481 

731 


6,827 
61 


27.0 
26.0 


60.0 
61.4 


11.9 

11.7 


S. A. 
Del. 


582,733 


158, 968 


346, 675 


69, 352 


5,853 


1,885 


27.3 


59.5 


11.9 


Md. 


204,556 


61, 709 


109, 427 


29,766 


2,992 


662 


30.2 


53.5 


14.6 


D. C. 


800,589 


224, 421 


475, 428 


92,050 


7,765 


925 


28.0 


59.4 


11.5 


Va. 


532, 849 


133, 496 


346, 568 


46,874 


5,600 


311 


25.1 


65.0 


8.8 


W.Va. 


1,001,408 


293,855 


596, 027 


103,850 


6,704 


972 


29.3 


59.5 


10.4 


N. C. 


553,365 


160, 775 


318, 837 


70, 694 


2,667 


392 


29.1 


57.6 


12.8 


S. C. 


972,461 


250,859 


573, 377 


135, 213 


12, 271 


741 


25.8 


59.0 


13.9 


Ga. 


513,588 


107, 925 


326, 812 


69, 095 


8,878 


878 


21.0 


63.6 


13.5 


Fla. 


3, 253, 427 


787, 562 


2, 020, 880 


393, 040 


48, 053 


3,892 


24.2 


62.1 


12.1 


E.S.C. 


855,056 


204, 684 


543,928 


95, 357 


10, 411 


676 


23.9 


63.6 


11.2 


Ky. 


883,297 


218, 534 


543, 405 


106,237 


13, 026 


2,095 


24.7 


61.5 


12.0 


Tenn. 


861,967 


214, 03'J 


524, 158 


110,080 


13, 019 


671 


24.8 


60.8 


12.8 


Ala. 


653,107 


150, 305 


409, 389 


81,366 


11,597 


450 


23.0 


62.7 


12.5 


Miss. 


3, 996, 245 
595, 127 


917, 077 
126, 357 


2, 558, 815 
388,783 


445,917 
70,231 


71, 142 
9,421 


3,294 
335 


22.9 
21.2 


64.0 
65.3 


11.2 
11.8 


W. S. C. 
Ark. 


703,077 


178,203 


424, 774 


89, 141 


10, 142 


817 


25.3 


60.4 


12.7 


La. 


764,569 


162, 964 


513, 982 


72, 782 


14, 397 


444 


21.3 


67.2 


9.5 


Okla. 


1,933,472 


449, 553 


1, 231, 276 


213, 763 


37, 182 


1,698 


23.3 


63.7 


11.1 


Tex. 


1, 173, 018 


274, 085 


781, 361 


116,811 


19, 968 


1,013 


23.4 


64.9 


9.9 


Mt. 


166,045 


40,253 


108, 514 


14,503 


2,659 


116 


24.2 


65.4 


8.7 


Mont. 


136, 154 


31, 359 


91, 745 


10,927 


1,995 


128 


23.0 


67.4 


8.0 


Idaho. 


67,257 


14, 139 


46,831 


5,155 


1,057 


75 


21.0 


69.6 


7.7 


Wyo. 


357,236 


83,456 


226, 078 


40,337 


7,013 


352 


23.4 


63.3 


11.3 


Colo. 


126, 945 


29, 828 


82, 557 


12, 852 


1,628 


80 


23.5 


65.0 


10.1 


N.Mei. 


133,547 


28,613 


87, 791 


14,650 


2,348 


145 


21.4 


65.7 


11.0 


Ariz. 


158, 726 


41, 308 


99,613 


15,338 


2,357 


110 


26.0 


62.8 


9.7 


Utah. 


27, 108 


5,109 


18,232 


2,849 


911 


7 


18.8 


67.3 


10.5 


Nev. 


2,931,639 


684,397 


1, 857, 873 


362,611 


91,051 


5,707 


22.3 


62.3 


12.2 


Pac. 


545,790 


122, 694 


352, 466 


56,054 


13, 701 


875 


22.5 


64.6 


10.3 


Wash. 


339, 219 


74, 867 


218, 946 


36, 489 


8,783 


134 


22.1 


64.5 


10.8 


Oreg. 


2,096,630 


466,836 


1, 286, 461 


270,068 


68, 567 


4,698 


22.3 


61.4 


12.9 


Calif. 



46 



POPULATION MARITAL CONDITION 



No . S7. MARITAL CONDITION OF PERSONS 15 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER: 
BY SEX, RACE, AND NATIVITY, CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES 

NOTE Figures for "All other" in 1930 include Mexicans; prior to 1930 Mexicans were classified for the 
most part as white. See footnote 2, Table 14. The marital condition of males and females 15 years of 
age and over by race and nativity for each geographic division and of white and negro persons for each 
State having a negro population of over 5 per cent of the total is shown in Statistical Abstract, 1931, 
Tables 23 and 24 



Class 


Males 15 years and over 


Females 15 years and over 


Number 


Per cent 


Number 


Per cent 


1990 


1930 


1920 


1930 


1920 


1930 


1930 


1930 


All classes 


36, 920, 683 

12, 967, 565 
21, 849, 266 
1, 758, 308 
235,284 
110, 240 


43,881,021 
14, 953, 712 
26. 327, 109 
2, 025, 036 
489, 478 
85,686 


100.0 
35.1 
59.2 
4.8 
.6 
.3 


100.0 
34.1 
60.0 
4.6 
1.1 
. 2 


85,177,515 
9, 616, 902 
21, 318, 933 
3, 917, 625 
273,304 
50,751 

31, 654, 841 

8, 772. 732 
19, 210, 238 
3, 399, 662 
228,565 
43, 644 


42, 887, 149 
11,306,653 
26, 170, 756 
4, 734, 207 
573, 148 
52, 385 

38, 220, 229 
10, 229, 306 
23. 444, 243 
4, 023, 372 
477, 624 
45, 684 


100.0 
27.3 
60.6 
11.1 
.8 
.1 


100.0 
26.4 
61.1 
11.1 
1.3 
.1 

100.0 

26.8 
61.3 
10.5 
1.2 
.1 


Single 

Married 


Widowed 


Divorced 


Unknown 


White 


33,335,586 

11, 782, 665 
19, 698, 113 
1, 549, 164 


39, 214, 156 
13. 364, 509 
23, 603, 312 
1, 745, 213 
428, 073 
73,049 


100.0 
35.3 
59.1 
4.6 
.6 
.3 


100.0 
34.1 
60.2 
4.5 
1.1 
.2 


100.0 

27.7 
60.7 
10.7 
.7 
.1 


Single 


Married 


Widowed 


Divorced ... 


207, 663 
97, 981 


Unknown 


Native white, totaL 


26,083,047 

9, 927, 618 
14, 795, 171 
1, 111, 115 
175, 713 
73, 430 

19, 092, 107 

6, 776, 518 
11, 244, 289 
874, 821 
134, 789 
61,690 

6, 990, 940 
3, 151, 100 
3, 550, 882 
236,294 
40,924 
11, 740 


32, 210, 106 

11, 858, 592 
18, 642, 713 
1, 282, 311 
365, 243 
61, 217 

23,369,460 

8, 054, 686 
14, 013, 140 
976, 085 
279,723 
45,826 

8, 840, 646 
3, 803, 906 
4, 629, 573 
306,256 
85, 520 
15, 391 


100.0 

38.1 
56.7 
4.3 
.7 
.3 

100.0 

35.5 
58.9 
4.6 
.7 
.3 

100.0 
45.1 
50.8 
3.4 
.6 
.2 


100.0 
36.8 
57.9 
4.0 
1.1 
.2 

100.0 
34.5 
60.0 
4.2 
1.2 
.2 

100.0 
43.0 
52.4 
3.5 
1.0 
.2 


25,740,856 
7, 936, 933 
15, 086, 735 
2, 480, 407 
200,909 
35, 872 

18, 529, 748 

5, 268, 490 
11,195.865 
1, 885, 000 
152, 743 
27,650 

7,211,108 
2, 668, 443 
3, 890, 870 
595, 407 
48,166 
8,222 


82,155,087 
9, 459, 175 
19, 200, 906 
3, 030, 472 
425, 682 
38, 852 

22, 978, 599 
6, 254, 818 
14, 143, 668 
2, 227, 860 
324, 768 
27, 485 

9,176,488 
3, 204, 357 
5, 057, 238 
802, 612 
100, 914 
11,367 


100.0 

30.8 
58.6 
9.6 
.8 
.1 

100.0 

28.4 
60.4 
10.2 
.8 
.1 

100.0 
37.0 
54.0 
8.3 
.7 
.1 


100.0 
29.4 
59.7 
9.4 
1.3 
.1 

100.0 
27.2 
61.6 
9.7 
1.4 
.1 

100.0 
34.9 
55.1 
8.7 
1.1 
.1 




Married 


Widowed 


Divorced -- 


Unknown 


Native white, native par- 
entage 


Single 


Married 


Widowed 


Divorced 


Unknown 


Native white, foreign or 
mixed parentage 
Single 


Married 


Widowed 


Divorced 


Unknown 


Foreign -born white 


7,252,539 
1. 855, 047 
4, 902, 942 
438, 049 
31,950 
24,551 

3,393,211 
1. 104, 877 
2, 050, 407 
200,734 
26,689 
10,504 

191, 866 
80,023 
100,746 
8,410 
932 
1,755 


7,004,050 
1, 505, 917 
4, 960. 599 
462, 872 
62,830 
11,832 

8,941,462 
1, 270, 950 
2, 357, 821 
247, 595 
55, 713 
9,383 

725,403 
318, 253 
365, 976 
32,228 
5, 92 
3,254 


100.0 
25.6 
67.6 
6.0 
.4 
.3 

100.0 
32.6 
60.4 
5.9 
.8 
.3 

100.0 
41.7 
52.5 
4.4 
.5 
.9 


100.0 
21.5 
70.8 
6.6 
.9 
.2 

100.0 
32.2 
59.8 
6.3 
1.4 
.2 

100.0 
43.9 
50.5 
4.4 
.8 
.4 


5,913,985 
835, 799 
4, 123, 503 
919, 255 
27, 656 
7,772 

3,423,100 

825, 258 
2, 039, 181 
507,961 
43, 871 

6,829 

99, 574 
18, 912 
69, 514 
10,002 
868 
278 


6,065,142 
770, 131 
4, 243, 337 
992,900 
51, 942 
6,832 

4, 099, 552 
953, 806 
2, 398, 144 
652, 663 
88,868 
6,071 

517, 368 
123, 541 
328, 369 
58,172 
6,656 
630 


100.0 
14.1 
69.7 
15.5 
.5 
.1 

100.0 
24.1 
59.6 
14.8 
1.3 
.2 

100.0 
19.0 
69.8 
10.0 
.9 
.3 


100.0 
12.7 
70.0 
1C. 4 
.9 
.1 

100.0 
23.3 
58.5 
15.9 
2.2 
.1 

100.0 
23.9 
63.5 
11.2 
1.3 
.1 


Sinele 


Married 


Widowed 


Divorced 


Unknown . 


Negro 


Single 


Married 


Widowed 


Divorced 


Unknown 


All other 


Single 


Married 


Widowed .- 


Divorced 


Unknown - 





Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 



POPULATION DWELLINGS AND FAMILIES 



47 



No. 38. URBAN AND RURAL POPULATION: MARITAL CONDITION OP PERSONS 
15 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER, BY SEX, 1920, AND BY SEX, RACE, NATIVITY, 
AND PARENTAGE, 1930, CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES 



Class 


Persons 15 years of age and over 


Per cent of total 


Total i 


Single 


Married 


Wid- 
owed 


Di- 
vorced 


Sin- 
gle 


Mar- 
ried 


Wid- 
owed 


Di- 
vorced 


1920 
Urban population: 
Males 


19, 695, 500 
19, 618, 764 

17, 225, 163 
15, 558, 751 

25, 201, 087 
23, 012, 886 
1, 842, 029 
346,122 

11, 322, 687 
6, 173, 365 
5, 516, 834 

25, 966, 592 
23, 672, 905 
2, 048, 053 
245,634 

11, 888, 265 
6, 824, 165 
4,960,475 

18, 679, 984 
16, 201, 270 
2, 099, 433 
379, 281 

12, 046, 773 
2, 667, 281 
1, 487, 216 
16, 870, 557 
14, 547, 324 
2, 051, 499 
271,734 

11, 090, 334 
2, 352. 323 
1, 104, 667 


6, 982, 294 
5, 698, 673 

5, 985, 271 
3, 918, 229 

8, 501, 813 
7,769,480 
576, 114 
156, 219 

3, 843, 634 
2, 748, 154 
1, 177, 692 

7, 228, 694 
6, 713, 677 
454,635 
60,382 

3,473,117 
2, 560, 477 
680,083 

6, 451, 899 
5, 595, 029 
694,836 
162, 034 

4, 211, 052 
1, 055, 752 
328,225 

4,077,959 
3, 515, 629 
499, 171 
63,159 

2, 781, 701 
643,880 
90,048 


11, 605, 237 
11, 310, 188 

10, 244, 029 
10, 008, 745 

15, 242, 615 
13, 957, 981 
1, 112, 731 
171,903 

6, 850, 950 
3, 154, 845 
3,952,186 

15, 199, 397 
13, 891, 824 
Lisa 802 
148, 771 

6,908,864 
3, 555, 597 
3, 427, 363 

11, 084, 494 
9, 645, 331 
1,245,090 
194,073 

7, 162, 190 
L 474, 728 
L 008, 413 

10,971,359 
9, 552, 419 
1, 239, 342 
179, 598 

7,234,804 
L 501, 641 
815, 974 


897,500 
2, 395, 622 

860,808 
1,522,003 

1, 086, 856 
955, 319 
118, 454 
13,083 

429,680 
195, 869 
329, 770 

3, 076, 806 
2, 668, 272 
376, 331 
32,203 

1, 252, 402 
613, 842 
802,028 

938, 180 
789, 894 
129, 141 
19, 145 

546,405 
110, 387 
133, 102 

1, 657, 401 
1, 355, 100 
276, 332 
25,969 

975, 458 
188, 770 
190, 872 


142, 778 
186, 181 

92,506 
87,123 

318,383 

282,736 
30,809 
2,838 

172, 211 
62,597 
47,928 

426, 658 
367, 865 
54,790 
4,003 

237,642 
84,950 
45,273 

173, 095 
145, 337 
24,904 
2,854 

107, 512 
22,923 
14,902 

146, 490 
109, 759 
34, 078 
2,653 

87,126 
15,964 
6,669 


35.5 
29.0 

34.7 
25.2 

83.7 
33.8 
31.3 
45.1 

33.9 
44.5 
21.3 

27.8 
28.4 
22.2 
24.6 

29.2 
37.5 
13.7 

34.5 
34.5 
33.1 
42.7 

35.0 
39.6 
22.1 

24.2 
24.2 
24.3 
23.2 

25.1 
27.4 
&2 


58.9 
57.6 

59.5 
64.3 

60.5 
60.7 
60.4 
49.7 

60.5 
51.1 
71.6 

58.5 
58.7 
56.6 
60.6 

58.1 
52.1 
69.1 

59.3 

59.5 
59.3 
51.2 

59.5 
55.3 
67.8 

65.0 

65.7 
60.4 
66.1 

65.2 
63.8 
73.9 


4.6 
12.2 

5.0 

9.8 

4.3 
4.2 
6.4 
3.8 

3.8 
3.2 
6.0 

11.8 
11.3 
18.4 
13.1 

10.5 

9.0 
16.2 

5.0 
4.9 
6.2 
5.0 

4.5 
4.1 

8.9 

9.8 
9.3 
13.5 
9.6 

as 

8.0 
17.3 


0.7 
.6 

.5 
.6 

1.3 

1.2 
1.7 
.8 

1.5 
1.0 
.9 
1.6 
1.6 
2.7 
1.6 

2.0 
L2 
.9 

.9 

.9 
L2 

.8 

.9 
.9 
LO 

.9 
.8 
1.7 
1.0 

.8 
.7 
.6 


Females - 


Rural population: 
Males 


Females. 


1930 

UBBAN POPULATION 

Males, total 


White 


Negro - 


\11 other 


Native white- 
Native parentage 


Foreign or mixed parentage. 
Foreign-born white - 


Females total 


White 




All other . . .. 


Native white- 
Native parentage .... 


Foreign or mixed parentage. 
Foreign-born white 


BUBAL POPULATION 

Males, total. .. 


White 


Negro 


All other 


Native white- 
Native parentage 


F or eign or mixed parentage . 
Foreign-born white 


Females, total 


White 


Negro + 


All other 


Native white- 
Native parentage 


F oreign or mix ed parentage. 
Foreign-born white 





1 Includes persons whose marital condition was not reported. 

No. 39. DWELLINGS AND FAMILIES, URBAN AND RURAL: CONTINENTAL 
UNITED STATES, 1920 AND 1930 



Tenure 


Total 


Urban 


Rural 


1920 


1930 


1920 


1930 


1920 


1930 


Number of dwellings 


20, 697, 204 


25, 204, 976 
22, 833, 110 
1, 728, 087 
643, 779 

i 29, 904, 663 

14, 002, 074 
46.8 
15, 319, 817 
51.2 
582,772 
1.9 


9,484,550 


13, 046, 699 
11, 001. 861 
1,430,570 
614 268 


11, 212, 654 


12, 158, 277 
11,831,249 
297,517 
29,511 

12, 532, 139 

6, 569, 520 
52.4 
5, 638, 458 
45.0 
324, 161 
2.6 


1-family dwellings 


2-family dwellings 




3-or-more-family dwellings 








Number of familiV<? 


24,351,676 

10,866,960 
446 
12, 943, 598 
53.2 
541,118 
2.2 


12, 803, 047 

4, 707, 715 
36.8 
7,879,348 
61.5 
215, 984 
1.7 


17,372,524 

7, 432, 554 
42.8 
9, 681, 359 
55.7 
258, 611 
1.5 


11, 548, 629 

6, 159, 245 
53.3 
5, 064, 250 
43.9 
325, 134 
2.8 


Families having homes: 
Owned Number 


Per cent 


Rented Number 


Per cent. 


Tenure unknown Number. . 
Per cent- 



1 Private families only, excluding 75,178 institutions, hotels, etc. 
eluded in the count as made for 1920. 



These quasi-family groups were in- 



Source of Tables 38 and 39: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 
150214 38 5 



48 



POPULATION FAMILIES 



Uo. 40. FAMILIES BY TENURE, AND AVERAGE POPULATION PER FAMILY 

NOTE. A family is defined as a group of persons related either by blood or by marriage or adoption who 
live together as one household usually sharing the same table. Single persons living alone are counted 
as families, however, as are a few small groups of unrelated persons sharing the same living accommoda- 
tions as "partners." In the 1920 count, inmates of an institution were treated as a single family as were 
also other quasi-family groups. Families not reporting tenure are included in the totals for all families. 



Division and 
State 


All families 


Owner 
families, 
1930 


Tenant 
families, 
1930 


Per cent of total 


Average popula- 
tion per family 2 


Owners 


Tenants 


1920 


1930, 

incl. 
inst. 


1930, 

priv. 
only 


1920 


19301 


1920 


1930 


1920 


1930 


Continental U. S 

New England 
Maine 


24,351,676 


29,904,663 


14,002,074 


15,319,817 


44.6 


46.8 


53.2. 


51.2 


4.34 


4.10 


4.01 


1, 703, 812 
186, 106 
108, 334 
85,804 
874, 798 
137, 160 
311, 610 

5, 085, 080 
2, 441, 125 
721, 841 
1, 922. 114 

5, 143, 913 
1, 414, 068 
737, 707 
1, 534, 077 


1, 981, 499 
197, 826 
119, 337 
89,188 
1,021,160 
165, 343 
388, 645 

6, 374, 380 
3, 153, 124 
985, 636 
2, 235, 620 

6, 362, 823 
1,697,918 
843,066 
1, 929, 396 


915, 441 
119, 898 
64,823 
52, 813 
439, 238 
67,467 
171, 202 

2, 823, 985 
1, 155, 036 
470, 509 
1, 198, 420 

3. 395, 203 
912, 295 
474, 196 
882, 999 
685, 516 
440, 197 

1, 762, 814 
349, 908 
340, 778 
459, 810 
81, 352 
82, 482 
181, 369 
267, 115 

1, 466, 339 
30, 187 
208, 563 
47, 220 
272, 208 
168, 543 
279,946 
111,257 
194, 459 
153, 956 

924, 989 

306,284 
270, 260 
198, 472 
149, 973 

1,117,450 

168, 767 
165, 731 
225, 266 
557, 686 

470, 380 
71, 419 
59,584 
26, 425 
131, 571 
54,439 
45,808 
69, 583 
11, 551 

1, 125, 493 
245, 138 
154,283 
726, 072 


1, 042, 521 
74, 358 
53, 078 
35, 563 
569, 645 
96,432 
213, 445 

3, 463, 389 
1, 957, 733 
502, 497 
1, 003, 159 

2,868,065 
763, 650 
353, 807 
1, 017, 115 
476, 682 
256, 811 

1, 480, 748 
243, 696 
282,607 
461, 203 
57, 399 
72,902 
152, 835 
210, 106 

1, 969, 291 
27,804 
169, 359 
75,254 
247, 497 
198, 736 
349, 555 
248, 335 
440,011 
212, 740 

1, 298, 272 
290, 379 
314, 841 
381, 466 
311,586 

1, 658, 994 
251, 897 
307, 273 
320, 555 
779, 269 

415, 328 
69, 636 
44,996 
28,322 
127, 979 
40, 428 
56,380 
44,610 
12, 977 

1, 123, 209 
167, 609 
106, 712 

848, 888 


39.2 

58.5 
48.7 
56.4 
34.4 
30.6 
37.0 

38.7 

30.3 
37.7 
44.4 

51.4 
50.9 
53.6 
42.9 
57.9 
62.5 

55.0 
59.4 
56.7 
48.4 
62.9 
59.3 
55.7 
55.4 

40.8 
43.8 
49.0 
29.6 
50.1 
45.6 
45.9 
31.0 
29.9 
40.6 

41.6 

50.5 
46.6 
33.9 
33.0 

40.7 
43.8 
32.4 
43.6 
41.5 

53.6 

58.5 
58.9 
49.6 
50.6 
57.5 
41.2 
59.0 
45.5 

48.7 
53.6 
53.6 
42.5 


46.2 
60.6 
54.3 
59.2 
43.0 
40.8 
44.1 

44.8 
36.6 
47.7 
53.6 

53.4 

53.7 
56.2 
45.8 
58.1 
61.8 

53.1 

57.7 
53.6 
48.9 
56.1 
51.2 
52.9 
54.8 

41.8 
51.1 
54.1 
37.6 
51.4 
45.1 
43.5 
30.4 
29.8 
40.9 

40.7 
50.3 
45.0 
33.5 
31.8 

39.0 
38.5 
34.1 
39.9 
40.4 

51.4 

52.4 
55.1 
46.5 
49.2 
55.2 
43.2 
60.0 
45.4 

48.9 
57.8 
57.9 
45.1 


59.3 
39.7 
49.1 
41.6 
64.5 
57.7 
61.3 

61.8 

68.4 
60.8 
53.9 

46.8 
47.7 
44.2 
55.2 
40.5 
35.7 

42.5 
38.4 
40.9 
49.3 
33.4 
37.2 
41.4 
42.0 

56.3 

54.3 
49.3 
68.3 
47.9 
51.8 
50.9 
65.2 
67.0 
55.0 

55.7 
47.3 
51.0 
62.8 
64.0 

55.9 
53.3 
63.8 
52.1 
55.4 

43.5 
38.1 
37.8 
45.9 
47.4 
39.3 
55.1 
39.2 
50.0 

50.8 
44.3 
44.2 
54.8 


52.6 
37.6 
44.5 
39.9 

55.8 
58.3 
54.9 

54.3 
62.1 
51.0 
44.9 

45.1 
45.0 
42.0 
52.7 
40.4 
36.1 

44.6 
40.2 
44.5 
49.1 
39.6 
45.3 
44.6 
43.1 

56.1 
47.1 
44.0 
59.9 
46.8 
53.1 
54.3 
67.9 
67.4 
56.5 

57.1 
47.6 
52.4 
64.5 
66.1 

57.8 
57.4 
63.3 
56.8 
56.5 

45.4 
43.8 
41.6 
49.8 
47.9 
41.0 
53.2 
38.5 
51.0 

48.8 
39.5 
40.1 
52.7 


4.34 
4.13 
4.09 
4.11 
4.40 
4.41 
4.43 

4.38 
4.25 
4.37 
4.54 

4.17 
4.07 
3.97 
4.23 
4.25 
4.42 

4.24 
4.54 
4.10 
4.11 
4.80 
4.46 
4.27 
4.06 

4.88 
4.28 
4.46 
4.55 
4.78 
4.72 
4.98 
4.82 
4.61 
4.14 

4.50 
4.42 
4.50 
4.62 
4.44 

4.57 
4.48 
4.61 
4.56 
4.58 

4.15 
3.92 
4.30 
4.01 
4.07 
4.30 
4.17 
4.57 
3.54 

3.85 
3.96 
3.86 
3.81 


4.11 
4.02 
3.89 
4.02 
4.15 
4.15 
4.12 

4.11 

3.98 
4.09 
4.30 

3.97 
3.91 
3.84 
3.94 
.09 
.12 

.00 

.21 
.88 
.85 
.68 
.29 
.01 
.85 

.49 
.02 
.23 
3.86 
4.57 
4.62 
4.91 
4.75 
4.45 
3.89 

4.34 

4.28 
4.35 
4.47 
4.25 

4.24 
4.22 
4.32 
4.24 
4.21 

4.03 
3.92 
4.10 
3.95 
3.86 
4.28 
4.09 
4.37 
3.54 

3.54 
3.67 
3.56 
3.51 


4.00 
3.93 
3.79 
3.93 
4.03 
4.05 
4.03 

4.01 

3.86 
4.02 
4.23 

3.88 
3.83 
3.77 
3.84 
4.01 
4.04 

3.92 
4.11 
3.82 
3.76 
4.62 
4.24 
3.94 
3.78 

4.41 

3.87 
4.11 
3.70 
4.48 
4.55 
4.85 
4.70 
4.38 
3.81 

4.29 
4.23 
4.29 
4.42 
4.22 

4.18 
4.19 
4.26 
4.17 
4.15 

3.92 
3.79 
4.01 
3.79 
3.74 
4.22 
3.96 
4.29 
3.32 

3.38 
3.50 
3.43 
3.34 


New Hampshire 
Vermont 


Massachusetts- 
Rhode Island- 
Connecticut 

MidcLle Atlantic 

N^ew York 


New Jersey 
Pennsylvania 

E. Uorth Central. . 
Ohio 


Indiana 


Illinois. _- 


Michigan 


862, 745 
595, 316 

2, 957, 849 
526, 026 
586, 070 
829, 043 
134, 881 
142, 793 
303, 433 
435,600 

2, 991, 628 
52, 070 
324, 742 
96,194 
483, 363 
310, 098 
513, 377 
349, 126 
628. 525 
234, 133 

1, 977, 381 
546,306 
519, 108 
508, 769 
403, 198 

2, 242, 810 

390,960 
389, 913 
444,524 
1, 017, 413 

803, 853 
139, 912 
100,500 
48, 476 
230,843 
83,706 
80,208 
98,346 
21,862 

1,445,350 
342, 228 
202,890 
900,232 


1, 180, 554 
711, 889 

3, 317, 881 
606, 496 
635, 704 
939, 476 
145, 005 
161, 013 
342, 999 
487, 188 

3, 511, 860 
59,092 
385, 179 
125, 554 
529, 089 
373, 941 
644, 033 
365, 680 
652, 793 
376, 499 

2, 273, 359 
609,405 
600,625 
591. 625 
471, 704 

2, 868, 262 
438,639 
485, 363 
564,164 
1, 380, 096 

914, 408 
136, 210 
108,044 
56,887 
267, 324 
98,546 
105, 992 
115,936 
25,469 

2, 300, 191 
423, 833 
256,328 
1, 610, 030 


Wisconsin 


W. Uorth Central. 
Minnesota 


Iowa 


Missouri 


North Dakota- 
South Dakota.. 
Nebraska 


Kansas 


South Atlantic 
Delaware 


Maryland 


Dist. of Col 
Virginia- 


West Virginia- . 
North Carolina- 
South Carolina. 
Georgia 


Florida 


E. South Central 
Kentucky 


Tennessee 


Alabama 


Mississippi 


W. South CentraL. 
Arkansas 


Louisiana 


Oklahoma 


Texas. __ 


Mountain . __. 


Montana 


Idaho.. 


Wyoming 
Colorado 


New Mexico 
Arizona 


Utah 


Nevada 


Pacific 


Washington 
Oregon 


California 





i Private families only, excluding 75,178 institutions, hotels, etc. These quasi-family groups were in- 
cluded in the count as made for 1920. 

* The first of the two averages shown for 1930 is obtained by dividing the total population by the combined 
number of private families and quasi-family groups (institutions, hotels, etc.). This figure is strictly 
comparable with the 1920 average. The second average presented for 1930 is obtained by dividing the 
total population living in private families by the number of private families. 

Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 



POPULATION DWELLINGS AND FAMILIES 



49 



No. 41. FAMILIES, BY COLOR AND NATIVITY OF HEAD, AND DWELLINGS 

BY CLASS, 1930 



Division and State 


Families i 


Dwellings 


Quasi- 
family 
groups 


All 
classes 


Native 
white 


Foreign- 
born 
white 


Negro 


Total 


Wamily 


2-family 


3-or- 
more- 
family 


Continental 
U. S 


29, 904, 663 


20, 968, 803 


5, 736, 491 


2, 803, 756 


25, 204, 976 


22, 833, 110 


1, 728, 087 


643, 779 


75, 178 


New England. 


1, 981. 499 
197, 826 
119, 337 
89,188 
1.021,160 
165,343 
388,645 

6, 374, 380 
3, 153, 124 
985,636 
2, 235, 620 

6, 362, 823 
1,697,918 
843,066 
1, 929, 396 
1, 180, 554 
711,889 

3,317,881 
606,496 
635,704 
939,476 
145, 005 
161, 013 
342,999 
487,188 

3, 511, 860 
59,092 
385, 179 
125,554 
529,089 
373,941 
644,033 
365,680 
652, 793 
376, 499 

2, 273, 359 
609,405 
600,625 
591, 625 
471, 704 

2, 868, 262 
438,639 
485,363 
564,164 
1,380,096 

914, 408 
136, 210 
108,044 
56,887 
267,324 
98,546 
105,992 
115,936 
25,469 

2, 300, 191 
423,833 
266,328 
1,610,030 


1, 203, 304 
158,687 
85,503 
72,922 
579, 751 
89,926 
216, 515 

3, 921, 222 
1, 753, 641 
576, 991 
1, 590, 590 

4, 733, 353 
1, 339, 077 
752,373 
1, 313, 653 
800,076 
528, 174 

2, 697, 414 
417, 174 
547,258 
809,330 
91,405 
123,228 
279,529 
429,490 

2, 401, 398 
44,331 
282,287 
83,700 
377, 676 
325,305 
457,087 
194,768 
396,793 
239, 451 

1,591,095 
538,218 
474, 078 
361, 656 
217, 143 

2, 066, 970 
310, 328 
276, 508 
492, 672 
987,462 

694,118 
97,796 
91, 910 
45,001 
210,335 
75,405 
63,629 
92,285 
17, 757 

1, 659, 929 
309,320 
216, 260 
1, 134, 349 


753. 231 
38,633 
33,672 
16, 117 
427,385 
72, 711 
164, 713 

2, 200, 620 
1, 297, 716 
358,984 
543,920 

1, 390, 490 
281,756 
60,205 
530,272 
339,738 
178, 519 

515,044 
183,895 
82,870 
69, 749 
51,805 
33,033 
57, 817 
35,875 

131, 160 
7,056 
41,442 
11,586 
10,373 
22,258 
3,762 
2,362 
5,927 
26,394 

27,841 
10,470 
6,066 
7,326 
3,479 

81, 776 
5,074 
16,548 
13, 376 
46,778 

136, 437 
34,135 
14,381 
9,221 
41, 476 
3,707 
7,001 
21, 143 
5,373 

500,392 
105, 869 
46,669 
347,854 


22,864 
259 
117 
135 
12,637 
2,542 
7,174 

243,371 
95,621 
48,636 
99,114 

222,240 
75, 709 
28,771 
78,737 
36,500 
2,523 

87, 853 
2,592 
4,571 
59, 016 
120 
166 
3,700 
17,688 

974, 592 
7,682 
61,160 
29,995 
140,726 
26,274 
180,128 
168, 324 
249, 942 
110, 361 

653, 847 
60,672 
120,402 
222,533 
250,240 

564,918 
123,009 
190, 876 
40,238 
210, 795 

8,743 
458 
229 
418 
3,538 
799 
2,776 
331 
194 

25,328 
2,059 
674 
22,595 


1, 453, 222 
172,988 
101, 712 
79,455 
703,222 
115,293 
280,552 

4, 465, 195 
1,735,056 
721, 143 
2,008,996 

5, 312, 851 
1,474,893 
789, 785 
1, 405, 127 
1,018,845 
624, 201 

3,037,237 
642,051 
604,001 
809,425 
137, 703 
154,334 
325, 979 
463,744 

3, 24?, 552 

54,940 
346,117 
84.903 
492', 575 
352, 749 
614,292 
345, 265 
602,468 
350, 243 

2, 127, 537 
566,329 
558,153 
554,565 
448,490 

2, 686, 296 
419, 381 
458,380 
526,659 
1, 281, 876 

846,808 
126,854 
102,992 
53,569 
242,548 
92,530 
98,633 
105,788 
23,894 

2, 032, 278 
382,539 
246,558 
1,403,181 


1, 124, 366 
155,406 
89, 813 
72,356 
511,051 
81, 152 
214,588 

3, 782, 533 
1, 299, 216 
580,836 
1,852,481 

4, 731, 798 
1, 335, 303 
757,409 
1, 153, 819 
925,348 
559, 919 

2, 860, 810 
503,600 
583,180 
727,440 
133,030 
149,928 
316, 419 
447, 213 

8, 084, 048 
52,234 
318,246 
74,649 
466,083 
336,834 
589, 545^ 
329, 370 
564,540 
332,547 

2,013,878 
533,615 
528,242 
523,935 
428,086 

2, 554, 712 
403,295 
438,565 
501,347 
1, _.,505 

809,645 
122,144 
99,803 
51,509 
230,607 
87,921 
93,854 
100, 743 
23,064 

1,941,320 
368,917 
239,069 
1,333,334 


224,255 
13,929 
8,907 
5,778 
126, 274 
23,065 
46,302 

500,565 
275,924 
99,590 
125,051 

424, 556 
107,024 
24, 877 
163,079 
74,544 
55,032 

139, 849 
31,007 
16,622 
64,372 
3,712 
3,584 
7,292 
13,260 

148,808 
2,016 
22,890 
6,805 
22,550 
13,301 
21,844 
13,334 
32,411 
13, 657 

97,793 
27,286 
24,815 
27,270 
18,422 

107, 385 
14,065 
16,334 
19,990 
56,996 

27,600 
3,357 

2,510 
1,605 
8,304 
3,824 
3,644 
3,787 
569 

57, 276 
8,843 
4,941 
43,492 


104,601 
3,653 
2,992 
1,321 
65, 897 
11,076 
19,662 

232, 097 
159, 916 
40,717 
31,464 

156, 497 
32,566 
7,499 
88,229 
18,953 
9,250 

36, 578 
7,444 
4,199 
17, 613 
961 
822 
2,268 
3,271 

30,696 
690 
4,981 
3,449 
3,942 
2,614 
2,903 
2,561 
5,517 
4,039 

15,866 
5,428 
5,096 
3,360 
1,982 

24,199 
2,021 
3,481 
5,322 
13,375 

9,563 
1,353 
679 
455 
3,637 
785 
1,135 
1,258 
261 

33,682 
4,779 
2,548 
26,355 


5,928 
551 
322 
244 
3,384 
469 
958 

14,544 
8,988 
1,991 
3,565 

13,658 
2,923 
1,385 
5,054 
2,588 
1,70T, 

7,731 
1,853 
1,188 
2,336 
384 
319 
777 
874 

7,621 
201 
903 
465 
984 
723 
1,218 
589 
1,218 
1,320 

3,427 
966 
965 
844 
652 

6,072 
645 
1,051 
1,183 
3,193 

4,148 
809 
472 
285 
1,099 
279 
628 
316 
260 

12,049 
2,212 
1,356 
8,481 


Maine 


New Hampshire-- 
Vermont- - . ._ 


Massachusetts 
Rhode Island 
Connecticut 


Middle Atlantic. .. 
New York 


New Jersey 


Pennsylvania 

East North Central 
Ohio- 


Indiana 


Illinois .__ 


Michigan 


Wisconsin 


West North Central- 
Minnesota 


Iowa 


Missouri 


North Dakota 
South Dakota 
Nebraska 


Kansas 


South Atlantic- 


Delaware 


Maryland 


Dist. of Columbia- 
Virginia 


West Virginia 
North Carolina.. . 
South Carolina... 
Georgia 


Florida. . .. 


East South Centra] 
Kentucky 


Tennessee 


Alabama 


Mississippi 


West South CentraL. 
Arkansas 


Louisiana 


Oklahoma 


Texas 


Mountain 


Montana 


Idaho 


Wyoming 


Colorado 


New Mexico 
Arizona 


Utah... 


Nevada 


Pacific - 


Washington 
Oregon 


California 





1 Private families only, excluding 75,178 institutions, hotels, etc. Totals for all classes include "Other 
races" not shown. 
Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 



50 



POPULATION FAMILIES 



No. 42. FAMILIES: BY SIZE, BY NUMBER OF CHILDREN UNDER 10 YEARS 
OF AGE, AND BY NUMBER OF GAINFUL WORKERS, FOR THE UNITED STATES, 
1930 



Item 


Number 


Per cent 


All classes 


Na- 
tive 
white 


Foreign- 
born 
white 


Negro 


Other 
races 


All 
classes 


Na- 
tive 
white 


For- 
eign 
born 
white 


Negro 


Other 
races 


All families 


29, 904, 663 

2, 357, 463 
6, 982, 835 
6, 226, 519 
5, 234, 696 
3, 574, 362 
2, 273, 300 
1, 393, 356 
842, 669 
493, 174 
272,068 
138, 816 
115, 405 

17, 587, 354 
5, 745, 158 
3, 525, 307 
1, 787, 690 


20, 968, 803 

1, 537, 193 
5, 056, 897 
4, 606, 372 
3, 787, 696 
2, 479, 570 
1, 514, 586 
892, 313 
518, 376 
291,999 
153,564 
74,163 
56,074 

12, 216, 802 
4, 164, 091 
2, 542, 041 
1, 243, 766 


5, 736, 491 

436, 214 
1,126,051 
1,061,617 
1, 030, 380 
780, 249 
523,838 
328,553 
202.093 
118, 872 
66,198 
34,567 
27,859 

3, 544, 030 
1, 045, 547 
636, 073 
305, 503 
138. 653 
50, 993 
15, 692 

371,311 
3, 116, 525 
1, 288, 825 
599, 778 
360, 052 


2, 803, 756 

338, 114 
739, 812 
500,990 
361, 880 
265,136 
193, 720 
141, 149 
99,800 
67, 607 
43,573 
25,411 
26,564 

1, 655, 217 
467, 575 
288, 572 
190,380 
121, 107 
58,180 
22,725 

86,227 
1, 532, 551 
758, 898 
250, 634 
175, 446 


395, 613 

45,942 
60,075 
57, 540 
54,740 
49, 407 
41, 156 
31, 341 
22,400 
14,696 
8,733 
4,675 
4,908 

171,305 
67,945 
58,621 
48,041 
31, 708 
13,476 
4,517 

18,657 
260, 161 
72,635 
26,789 
17,371 


100.0 

7.9 
23.4 
20.8 
17.5 
12.0 
7.6 
4.7 
2.8 
1.6 
.9 
.5 
.4 

58.8 
19.2 
11.8 
6.0 
2.8 
1.0 
.3 

6.0 
62.1 
21.1 
7.2 
3.6 


100.0 

7.3 
24.1 
22.0 
18.1 
11.8 
7.2 
4.3 
2.5 
1.4 
.7 
.4 
.3 

58.3 
19.9 
12.1 
5.9 
2.7 
.9 
.3 

6.3 
65.1 
20.0 
6.0 
2.5 


100.0 

7.6 
19.6 
18.5 
18.0 
13.6 
9.1 
5.7 
3.5 
2.1 
1.2 
.6 
.5 

61.8 
18.2 
li. 1 
5.3 
2.4 
.9 
.3 

6.5 
54.3 
22.5 
10.5 
6.3 


100.0 

12.1 
26.4 
17.9 
12.9 
9.5 
6.9 
5.0 
3.6 
2.4 
1.6 
.9 
.9 

59.0 
16.7 
10.3 
6.8 
4.3 
2.1 
.8 

3.1 

54.7 
27.1 
8.9 
6.3 


100.0 

11.6 
15.2 
14.5 
13.8 
12.5 
10.4 
7.9 
5.7 
3.7 
2.2 
1.2 
1.2 

43.3 
17.2 
14.8 
12.1 
8.0 
3.4 
1.1 

4.7 
65.8 
18.4 
6.8 
4.4 


Families comprising 
1 person 


2 persons 


3 persons. 


4 persons 


5 persons 


6 persons 


7 persons 


8 persons 


9 persons 


10 persons 


11 persons 


12 or more persons- 
families having 
No children under 10 
1 child under 10 
2 children under 10 
3 children under 10. 


4 children under 10 
5 children under 10 
6 or more - 


851, 974 
311,074 
96,106 

1, 803, 871 
18, 568, 705 
6, 321, 816 
2, 140, 386 
1,069,885 


560, 506 
188, 425 
53,172 

1, 327, 676 
13, 659, 468 
4, 201, 458 
1,263,185 
517, 016 


Families having 
No gainful workers.. 
1 gainful worker 
2 gainful workers 
3 gainful workers 
4 or more 





No. 43. NONFARM HOMES: BY VALUE OR MONTHLY RENTAL, BY COLOR 
AND NATIVITY OF HEAD OF FAMILY, FOR THE UNITED STATES, 1930 



Value or monthly rental 


Number 


Per cent 


All classes 


Native 
white 


Foreign- 
born 
white 


Negro 


Other 
races 


All 

classes 


Na- 
tive 
white 


For- 
eign- 
born 
white 


Negro 


Other 
races 


Owned nonfarm homes. 
Value under $1,000. 
$1,000 to $1,499 
$1,500 to $1,999 
$2,000 to $2,999 
$3,000 to $4,999 
$5,000 to $7,499 
$7.500 to $9,999 
$10,000 to $14,999... 
$15,000 to $19,999... 
$20,000 and over 
Not reported 


10, 503, 386 
794, 724 
570, 047 
531, 277 
1, 167, 325 
2, 343, 769 
2, 297, 029 
989,468 
906,557 
339, 535 
354,337 
209,318 

12, 351, 549 
1, 563, 952 
1, 330, 927 
1, 302, 387 
2, 545, 208 
3, 191, 435 
1, 503, 401 
343, 071 
163,292 
46,297 
45,750 
315, 829 


7, 382, 357 
484, 442 
409,054 
391, 222 
852, 063 
1, 675, 141 
1, 608, 879 
687,099 
620,066 
235,363 
267, 927 
151, 101 

8, 282, 135 
899, 403 
869, 816 
886,754 
1, 739, 044 
2, 219, 130 
1, 024, 828 
242, 247 
117,425 
33, 678 
35,084 
214, 726 


2, 564, 634 
80,356 
85,522 
92, 109 
249, 018 
603, 331 
653, 630 
291,545 
279, 222 
102, 052 
84,825 
43,024 

2, 583, 875 
108, 873 
183,911 
259, 942 
591,796 
806, 670 
423,704 
90,545 
43,008 
11,908 
10,287 
53,231 


480, 324 
188, 795 
66,516 
42, 337 
59,404 
59, 377 
31,839 
10, 108 
6,676 
1,897 
1,289 
12,086 

1, 290, 697 
479, 539 
241, 898 
133, 854 
188,079 
149, 096 
49, 353 
8,838 
1,949 
452 
147 
37,492 


76, 071 
41,131 
8,955 
5,609 
6,840 
5,920 
2,681 
716 
593 
223 
296 
3,107 

194, 842 
76, 137 
35, 302 
21, 837 
26,289 
16,539 
5,516 
1, 441 
910 
259 
232 
10,380 


100.0 
7.6 
5.4 
5.1 
11.1 
22.3 
21.9 
9.4 
8.6 
3.2 
3.4 
2.0 

100.0 
J2.7 
10.8 
10.5 
20.6 
25.8 
12.2 
2.8 
1.3 
.4 
.4 
2.6 


100.0 
6.6 
5.5 
5.3 
11.5 
22.7 
21.8 
9.3 
8.4 
3.2 
3.6 
2.0 

100.0 
10.9 
10.5 
10.7 
21.0 
26.8 
12.4 
2.9 
1.4 
.4 
.4 
2.6 


100.0 
3.1 
3.3 
3.6 
9.7 
23.5 
25.5 
11.4 
10.9 
4.0 
3.3 
1.7 

100.0 
4.2 
7.1 
10.1 
22.9 
31.2 
16.4 
3.5 
1.7 
.5 
.4 
2.1 


100.0 
39.3 
13.8 
8.8 
12.4 
12.4 
6.6 
2.1 
1.4 
.4 
.3 
2.5 

100.0 
37.2 
18.7 
10.4 
14.6 
11.6 
3.8 
.7 
.2 

ft 

2.9 


100.0 
54.1 
11.8 
7.4 
9.0 
7.8 
3.5 
.9 
.8 
.3 
.4 
4.1 

100.0 
39.1 
18.1 
11.2 
13.5 
8.5 
2.8 
.7 
.5 
.1 
.1 
6.3 


Rented nonfarm homes . 
Rental under $10. .. 
$10 to $14 


$15 to $1? 


$20 to $29 


$30 to $49 


$50 to $74 


$75 to $99 


$100 to $149 


$150 to $199 


$200 and over 


Not reported 


Total 


Median value of owned nonfarm homes 


Median rental of rented nonfarm 
homes 


14,778 
5,743 
2,661 


84, 786 $5, 576 
5, 849 6, 076 
2, 772 3, 168 


$1, 341 
1,945 
0) 


( 2 ) 
$1, 291 
( 2 ) 


$27. 15 
32.06 
12.01 


$27. 92 
34.11 
13.14 


$33. 00 
35.13 
14.37 


$13. 04 
16.48 
( 3 ) 


$12. 28 
15.15 
( 3 ) 


Urban 


Rural-nonfarm 



1 Less than one-tenth of 1 per cent. 2 Less than $1,000. 

Source of Tables 42 and 43: Bureau of the Census Department of Commerce. 



3 Less than $10. 



POPULATION FAMILIES 



51 



No, 44. OWNED NONFARM HOMES CLASSIFIED ACCORDING TO VALUE, BY 

STATES, 1930 

Note. Totals include homes with value unknown 



Division and state 


All 
owned 
nonfarm 
homes 


Number of homes with value 


Me- 
dian 
value 


Under 
$1,000 


$1,000 
to 
$1,499 


$1,500 
to 
$1,999 


$2,000 
to 
$2,999 


$3,000 
to 
$4,999 


$5,000 
to 
$7,499 


$7,500 
to 
$9,999 


$10,000 
and 
over 


United States 
New England 


10, 503, 386 


794,724 


570, 047 


531,277 


1, 167, 325 


2, 343, 769 


2,297,029 


989,468 


1,600,429 


$4,778 


802,593 

84,963 
50,947 
31,704 
415, 619 
64,480 
154,880 

2, 522, 747 
1, 017, 475 
448,623 
1, 056, 649 

2, 700, 273 

748, 412 
347,704 
765,546 
542,154 
296,457 

1, 132, 096 
227,336 
233,509 
300,093 
35,880 
39,997 
117,657 
177, 624 

926,400 
24,063 
176, 702 
47,190 
149,230 
103,802 
135, 375 
55,707 
114,808 
119, 523 

463,271 
154,085 
138,660 
105, 494 
65,032 

716, 962 
81,653 
111,071 
149,483 
374,755 

306, 747 
39, 378 
32,095 
15,269 
96,552 
30, 716 
33,017 
50,730 
8,990 

932, 297 
188,333 
111,762 
632,202 


21,612 
10,022 
4,001 
1,995 
3,832 
508 
1,254 

53,674 
15,349 
4,101 
34,224 

143, 115 
31,601 
33,860 
37,033 
29,498 
11,123 

94,780 
11,164 
16,332 
28,779 
4,719 
3,797 
6,410 
23,579 

130, 127 
1,180 
9,290 
78 
23,583 
11,108 
23,787 
14,134 
23,756 
23,211 

89,775 
27,568 
23,502 
20,057 
18,648 

152, 932 
20,600 
27,970 
35,880 
68,482 

64,007 
8,177 
5,900 
2,370 
13, 936 
15,690 
9,361 
5,932 
2,641 

44,702 
15,557 
9,185 
19,960 


25,422 
8,779 
4,000 
2,170 
7,344 
1,139 
1,990 

64,369 
19, 392 
6,020 
38,957 

135, 408 
30,536 
28,466 
36,146 
27,857 
12,403 

87,760 
11, 193 
18, 059 
22,683 
4,035 
3,573 
8,426 
19, 791 

74,167 
1,149 
6,788 
211 
13,924 
8,988 
14,794 
4,946 
11,138 
12,229 

46,557 
13,582 
14, 119 
11, 732 
7,124 

66,222 
10, 079 
9,826 
14, 770 
31,547 

28, 627 
4,705 
3,922 
1,400 
8,099 
2,312 
2,795 
4,678 
716 

41,515 
14,434 
8,217 
18,864 


26,304 
6,757 
4,103 
2,092 
9,550 
1,410 
2,392 

67,565 
19,534 
6,635 
41,396 

133,430 
32,543 
26,662 
32,568 
27,640 
14,017 

86,660 
13, 171 
18,750 
20,328 
3,675 
3,563 
9,191 
17,982 

58,647 
1,224 
7,521 
249 
10,071 
7,668 
12,030 
3,492 
8,127 
8,265 

36, 186 
10,456 
11,907 
8,839 
4,984 

53,231 

7,438 
7,281 
11,350 
27,162 

24,278 
3,893 
3,146 
1,083 
7,443 
1,559 
2,295 
4,389 
470 

44,976 
16, 244 
8,442 
20,290 


70, 795 
13,453 
8,905 
4,820 
30,893 
4,629 
8,095 

188,024 
54,581 
22,523 
110,920 

290,854 
75,584 
51,527 
69, 369 
58,848 
35,526 

177,880 
31,827 
38,906 
39, 112 
6,382 
7,477 
20,548 
33,128 

116,400 
2,779 
21, 051 
850 
19,222 
15,292 
19,735 
6,520 
14,880 
16,071 

61, 887 
18,864 
19, 695 
15,136 
8,192 

100,750 
12,103 
12,669 
21,186 
54,792 

46,859 
6,579 
5,964 
2,321 
15,263 
2,724 
3,844 
9,100 
1,064 

114, 376 
37,025 
19,160 
58,191 


179, 693 
20,132 
14,717 
8,715 
92,975 
14,944 
28,210 

490, 139 
147,484 
71,045 
271, 610 

614, 716 
182, 365 
90,135 
141, 756 
119, 761 
80,699 

304,931 
68,402 
67,430 
68,660 
8,391 
10,768 
36,105 
45, 175 

191. 160 

5,822 
54,793 
3,435 
28,767 
23,368 
24,314 
9,471 
20,915 
20,275 

. 90,559 
31,356 
28,377 
19, 817 
11,009 

152, 049 
14, 617 
19,336 
30,841 
87,255 

69, 899 
8,041 
7,593 
3,740 
24,275 
3,750 
6,249 
14, 712 
1,539 

250, 623 
56,312 
35,017 
159,294 


212,943 
14,102 
8,860 
6,552 
120, 672 
20,216 
42,541 

641, 016 
243,443 
113,442 
284,131 

640,459 
198,053 
66,834 
170,542 
126,845 
78,185 

220,554 

58,317 
47, 137 
57,328 
5,172 
6,575 
23,133 
22,892 

156,087 
6,245 
42,204 
9,698 
22.989 
17, 775 
16,722 
7,804 
16, 215 
16,435 

66,474 
25,877 
19,146 
14,323 
7,128 

92,187 
7,834 
15, 069 
17,435 
51,849 

41,384 
4,416 
3,176 
2,505 
15,746 
2,370 
4,179 
7,695 
1,297 

225, 925 
29,445 
19, 779 
176, 701 


97,294 
3,828 
2,323 
2,019 
57,286 
8,637 
23,201 

337,442 
161,965 
70,042 
105, 435 

295,894 
82,427 
19,630 
100,887 
63,528 
29,422 

61,948 
14,063 
11,428 
22,992 
1,126 
1,544 
5,534 
5,259 

63,328 
2,411 
12,055 
12,287 
9,906 
5,915 
6,288 
2,761 
6,247 
5,458 

23,436 
9,294 
7,333 
4,694 
2,115 

28,773 
2,253 
5,895 
5,246 
15, 379 

10,343 
1,136 
622 
666 
4,382 
562 
1,157 
1,444 
374 

71, 012 
6,133 
4,415 
60,464 


155,693 
5,632 
2,956 
2,778 
87,185 
12,420 
44,722 

637, 610 
336, 259 
147, 013 
154,338 

399,085 
104,039 
22,850 
163, 739 
79,990 
28,467 

73,702 
15,261 
10,385 
34,014 
1,087 
1,461 
5,690 
5,804 

111,968 
2,785 
19, 149 
19,400 
16,425 
10,490 
13,680 
5,275 
10,631 
14,133 

34,596 
12,355 
10,565 
8,151 
3,525 

50,376 
3,490 
10, 617 
8,973 
27,296 

13,467 
1,386 
773 
773 
5,416 
916 
1,814 
1,684 
705 

123, 932 
9,137 
5,907 
108,888 


5,834 
3,233 
3,533 
4,031 
6,24? 
6,153 
7,013 

6,467 

7,492 
7,426 
5,206 

5,036 
5,201 
3,664 
5,867 
5,067 
4,781 

3,704 
4,297 
3,657 
4,050 
2,762 
3,180 
3,717 
2,768 

3,749 
4; 878 
4,525 
9,246 
3,392 
3,620 
2,763 
2,710 
2,869 
2,892 

2,844 
3,268 
2,903 
2,710 
2,074 

2,753 

2,090 
2,730 
2,512 

2,998 

2,694 
2,364 
2,433 
3,136 
3,209 

& 

3,098 
2,541 

4,699 
3,316 
3,574 
5,491 


Maine 


New Hampshire. - 
Vermont 


M assachusetts 
Rhode Island- 
Connecticut 


Middle Atlantic. 

New York 


New Jersey 


Pennsylvania 


East North Central- 
Ohio 


Indiana 


Dlinois 


Michigan 


Wisconsin 


West North Central. . 
Minnesota 


Iowa 


Missouri 


NorthDakota 
South Dakota 
Nebraska 


Xansas 


South Atlantic 


Delaware 


Marvland 


Dist. of Columbia- 
Virginia 


West Virginia 
North Carolina. _. 
South Carolina 
Georgia 


Florida 


East South Central... 
Kentucky 
Tennessee 


Alabama .. . 


Mississippi 


West South Central 
\rkansas 


Louisiana 


Oklahoma 


Texas 


Mountain- 


Montana 


Idaho 


Wyoming 


Colorado 


New Mexico. 
Arizona 


Utah... 


Nevada 


Pacific 


Washington 


Oregon 


California 





i Less than $1,000. 

Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce, 



POPULATION FAMILIES 



No. 45. RENTED NONFARM HOMES CLASSIFIED ACCORDING TO MONTHLY 
RENTAL, BY STATES, 1930 

Note. Totals include homes with monthly rental unknown 



Division and 
State 


All rented 
nonfarm 
homes 


Number of homes with monthly rental 


Me- 
dian 
rent- 
al 

$27. 15 


Under 
$10 


$10 to 
$14 


$15 to 
$19 


$20 to 
$29 


$30 to 
$49 


$50 to 

$74 


$75 to 
$99 


$100 
and 
over 


United States 

ITew England 
Maine 


2, 351, 549 


, 563, 952 


1, 330, 927 


, 302, 387 


2, 545, 208 


3, 191, 435 


1, 503, 401 


343, 071 


255, 339 


1, 025, 519 
70,427 
51,400 
31, 573 
565, 870 
95,644 
210, 605 

3, 382, 819 
1, 923, 410 
495, 802 
963, 607 

2, 542, 573 
690, 692 
286,426 
906,619 
440, 777 
218, 059 

1, 003, 989 
182, 857 
172, 445 
357, 810 
29,680 
35, 746 
88,985 
136, 466 

1, 377, 451 
23,497 
151,923 
75,223 
185, 338 
176, 748 
202, 022 
132, 013 
242,642 
188,045 

693, 279 
196, 527 
194, 015 
205, 076 
97, 661 

954, 377 
103, 324 
190,850 
188,301 
471, 902 

334 641 


46, 608 
10,053 
5,945 
4,889 
13,803 
4,390 
7,528 

128, 125 
30, 346 
7,582 
90,197 

157, 675 
41,406 
33,858 
44,905 
23,545 
13,961 

109, 162 

11,855 
16, 669 
44,665 
3,061 
3,560 
8,048 
21,304 

479, 491 
2,966 
19,398 
482 
56, 352 
67, 793 
82,081 
81, 796 
110, 845 
57, 778 

275, 678 
62, 759 
64,417 
100, 576 
47,926 

248, 529 
42,708 
57,704 
35,058 
113,059 

57,540 
6,099 
5,666 
3,161 
13, 562 
11,314 
10,194 
5,349 
2,195 

61,144 

14,885 
13, 143 
33,116 


102, 656 
12, 870 
10, 445 
6,542 
45,209 
11,465 
16, 125 

194, 826 
70,886 
19,523 
104,417 

219, 987 
64,998 
44, 814 
64,312 
25,043 
20,820 

150,613 
20,327 
29,011 
48,532 
5,037 
6,475 
14,601 
26, 630 

226, 425 
2,587 
17,183 
2,201 
35, 413 
30, 157 
41,928 
17, 518 
42, 465 
35, 973 

134, 537 
36, 933 
40,588 
38, 917 
18,099 

164, 039 
19,201 
32, 910 
32,042 

79,886 

55, 869 
7,441 
6,657 
4,550 
15,470 
5,110 
7,847 
7,034 
1,760 

82 975 


139, 308 
13,093 
11, 194 
6,037 
65,684 
16,605 
26,695 

274, 996 
121, 993 
35,407 
117, 596 

257, 832 
79, 796 
44,620 
77, 373 
29,887 
26,156 

150, 178 
26, 451 
29,701 
45,842 
4,641 
6,594 
14, 782 
22, 167 

140, 525 
2,742 
17,801 
4,018 
23,844 
19, 117 
20,826 
8,791 
22,868 
20,518 

73,443 

23,506 
24,372 
17,780 
7,785 

118, 163 
10,297 
27, 432 
22, 816 
57, 618 

47, 380 
6,747 
5,243 
3,770 
13,563 
3,272 
6,271 
6,869 
1,645 

100, 562 
22,356 
14,681 
63,525 


299, 291 

18, 943 
14,095 
8,394 
160,224 
33, 588 
64,047 

677, 338 
331, 529 
110, 629 
235,180 

520, 036 
170, 342 
69, 071 
149,311 
79, 151 
52, 161 

229, 513 
45, 275 
44, 415 
71, 973 
6,113 
8,376 
21, 086 
32, 275 

208, 731 
5,691 
39,044 
9,979 
29,511 
28,166 
25,387 
10,886 
25,803 
34,264 

90, 025 
32, 409 
27, 675 
19,993 
9,948 

185,044 
13,802 
35,924 
39, 717 
95,601 

74, 088 
10, 634 
7,457 
5,062 
23,6213 
4,766 
9,526 
10, 555 
2,465 

261, 142 
39, 331 
24,212 
197, 599 


309, 949 
11,093 
7,081 
4,487 
196,250 
22,560 
68,478 

1, 103, 907 
636, 369 
187, 412 
280,126 

729, 137 
227, 370 
65,116 
220, 918 
149, 617 
66, 116 

239, 353 
53,113 
38,521 
90,140 
6,342 
7,339 
20,264 
23,634 

181, 462 
6,294 
38,042 
27,062 
22, 819 
19, 897 
17,233 
7,521 
20,287 
22, 307 

65, 742 
23,816 
19,744 
14, 374 
7,808 

144, 573 
8,783 
23,278 
35, 461 
77, 051 

63, 893 
9,328 
4,823 
4,495 
21,760 
4,056 
9,033 
7,928 
2,470 

353,419 
33, 430 
19,641 
300, 348 


87, 816 
2,095 
987 
739 
59, 508 
4,665 
19, 822 

634, 017 
455, 802 
93, 740 
84,475 

443, 743 
75, 180 
18, 946 
221, 945 
100, 701 
26, 971 

75, 957 
18, 118 
8,649 
34, 334 
2,555 
1,841 
5,693 
4,767 

71,455 
2,013 
9,581 
19, 433 
9,646 
6,543 
6,692 
1,937 
8,303 
7,307 

23, 239 

7,537 
8,635 
5,125 
1,942 

42, 735 
2,084 
7,163 
11, 914 
21, 574 

17, 634 
2,604 
897 
1,000 
6,540 
970 
2,723 
1,979 
921 

106, 805 
10, 519 
4,248 
92,038 


16, 396 

288 
114 
82 
11,683 
1,021 
3,208 

150, 537 
109, 746 
19, 485 
21,306 

109, 467 
14,546 
2,846 
69, 898 
17, 170 
5,007 

14, 356 
2,600 
1,128 
8,814 
203 
135 
892 
584 

16, 444 
398 
2,839 
5,101 
1,837 
1,112 
1,299 
356 
2,002 
1,500 

5,034 
1,723 
1,949 
960 

402 

8,063 
304 
1,515 
2,317 
3,927 

2,826 
323 
89 
129 
1,185 
118 
526 
300 
156 

19, 948 
1,567 
560 
17,821 


11,349 

168 
64 
38 
7,748 
797 
2,534 

141, 641 
112, 880 
12, 825 
15, 936 

57, 296 
7,998 
1,451 
37, 131 
8,297 
2,419 

8,318 
1,393 
416 
5,616 
67 
78 
497 
251 

11,424 
248 
2,656 
3,735 
917 
553 
574 
190 
962 
1,589 

2,563 
1,056 
801 
523 
183 

4,687 
200 
1,018 
1,100 
2,349 

1,882 
179 
80 
93 
725 
98 
411 
158 
138 

16, 199 
921 
474 
14,804 


27.29 
19.35 
18.83 
18.46 
29.70 
24. 4S 
28.41 

36.84 
41.94 
37.49 
26.91 

32.53 

29.08 
22.47 
39.69 
37.90 
28.79 

23.43 
26.83 
22.00 
24.99 
22.08 
20.68 
22.61 
19.03 

14.17 

25.58 
24.84 
44.28 
14.77 
13.13 
11.90 
(0 
10.70 
14.56 

12.21 

14.35 
13.66 

8 

16.92 
11.56 
15.52 
20.07 
17.83 

19.98 
21.31 
17.99 
19. 53 
22.38 
13.46 
19.17 
20.79 
21.12 

29.82 
23.60 
21.51 
32.73 


N. Hampshire. 
Vermont 


Massachusetts 
Rhode Island. 
Connecticut... 

Mid. Atlantic. . .. 
New York.... 
New Jersey 
Pennsylvania. 

E.N.Central..-. 


Ohio 


Indiana 


Illinois 


Michigan 


Wisconsin 

W.N.Central 
Minnesota 
Iowa 


Missouri 


N.Dakota 
S. Dakota 
Nebraska .. 


Kansas 


S. Atlantic 


Delaware 


Maryland 
Dist.ofCol... 
Virginia 


W. Virginia... 
N. Carolina... 
S. Carolina 


Florida _ 


E.S.Central 


Kentucky 
Tennessee 
Alabama 


Mississippi 
W.S.Central 


Arkansas 


Louisiana 
Oklahoma 
Texas 




Montana 
Idaho 


45,186 
31,991 
23,293 
100,980 
31,222 
49,009 
40,842 
12, 118 

1,036,901 
149, 822 
93,093 
793, 986 


Wyoming 
Colorado 
New Mexico.. 
Arizona 
Utah.. 


Nevada 
Pacific 


Washington- 
Oregon 
California.... 


20,223 
14,009 
48, 743 



' Less than $10. 

Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 



POPULATION GAINFULLY OCCUPIED 



53 



No. 46. PERSONS 10 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER NUMBER IN TOTAL 
POPULATION AND NUMBER GAINFULLY OCCUPIED: BY SEX, 1890 TO 
1930, AND BY SEX AND AGE, 1920 AND 1930, CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES 



Year and age 


Total 


Male 


Female 


Total 
number 
10 years 
of age 
and over 


Gainfully 
occupied 


Total 
number 
10 years 
of age 
and over 


Gainfully 
occupied 


Total 
number 
10 years 
of age 
and over 


Gainfully 
occupied 


Number 


Per 
cent 


Number 


Per 
cent 


Number 


Per 
cent 


1890 


47,413,559 
57, 949, 824 


23, 318, 183 
29, 073, 233 
38, 167, 336 

41, 614, 248 

378,063 
257,594 
425,201 
778, 957 
933,691 
2,246,203 
5, 930, 467 
18, 996, 959 
9,904,654 
1, 689, 737 
72,722 

48,829,920 

235,328 
157,660 
274,130 
587, 817 
891,024 
2, 542, 213 
7, 147, 053 
6, 255, 677 
5, 567, 327 
5, 619, 242 
4,881,298 
4, 276, 070 
3, 555, 091 
2, 640, 064 
1, 950, 528 
1, 227, 042 
642,902 
335,023 
44, 431 


49.2 
50.2 
53.3 

50.3 

4.4 
12.6 
22.8 
39.5 
50.3 
60.0 
63.9 
60.7 
58.2 
34.3 
48.9 

49.5 

2.4 
6.6 
11.9 
24.8 
38.8 
55.3 
65.7 
63.6 
61.0 
61.0 
61.1 
60.7 
59.5 
56.8 
52.0 
44.3 
33.0 
17.5 
47.3 


24, 352, 659 
29, 703, 440 
37,027,558 

42, 289, 969 

4,336,009 
1, 033, 297 
925, 679 
976,834 
926,033 
1, 845, 246 
4,527,045 
16, 028, 920 
9, 114, 960 
2, 483, 071 
92, 875 

49, 949, 798 

4, 862, 291 
1, 206, 486 
1, 154, 648 
1, 181, 920 
1, 157, 150 
2,264,107 
5, 336, 815 
4, 860, 180 
4, 561, 786 
4, 679, 860 
4, 136, 459 
3, 671, 924 
3, 131, 645 
2, 425, 992 
1, 941, 508 
1,417,812 
991,647 
915, 752 
51, 816 


19, 312, 651 
23, 753, 836 
30, 091, 564 

33, 064, 737 

258,259 
174,683 
281,306 
501,134 
602,322 
1, 443, 968 
4, 121, 392 
15, 579, 586 
8, 552. 175 
1, 492, 837 
57,075 

38,077,804 

162,260 
110,839 
187, 643 
386,511 
577,983 
1, 599, 768 
4, 799, 505 
4,714,266 
4,454,400 
4, 571, 641 
4,036,561 
3, 569, 094 
2,996,041 
2, 256, 771 
1, 684, 743 
1, 072, 900 
570,233 
295, 616 
31,029 


79.3 
80.0 
81.3 

78.2 

6.0 
16.9 
30.4 
51.3 
65.0 
78.3 
91.0 
97.2 
93.8 
60.1 
61.5 

76.2 

3.3 
9.2 
16.3 
32.7 
49.9 
70.7 
89.9 
97.0 
97.6 
97.7 
97.6 
97.2 
95.7 
93.0 
86.8 
75.7 
57.5 
32.3 
59.9 


23,060,900 
28,246,384 
34, 552, 712 

40, 449, 346 

4,258,863 
1, 012, 968 
935, 766 
996,124 
929,140 
1, 895, 734 
4, 749, 976 
15, 249, 602 
7, 915, 205 
2, 450, 144 
55,824 

48, 773, 249 

4, 760, 201 
1, 175, 899 
1, 141, 051 
1, 185, 395 
1, 138, 672 
2, 329, 172 
5,533,563 
4, 973, 428 
4, 558, 635 
4, 528, 785 
3, 853, 736 
3,370,355 
2, 844, 159 
2, 219, 685 
1. 809, 713 
1, 352, 793 
958, 357 
997,444 
42,206 


4, 005, 532 
5,319,397 
8, 075, 772 

8, 549, 511 

119,804 
82, 911 
143, 895 
277,823 
331,369 
802,235 
1, 809, 075 
3, 417, 373 
1, 352, 479 
196,900 
15,647 

10, 752, 116 

73,068 
46,821 
86,487 
201,306 
313, 041 
942,445 
2, 347, 548 
1,541,411 
1, 112, 927 
1, 047, 601 
844,737 
706, 976 
559,050 
383,293 
265,785 
154, 142 
72,669 
39,407 
13,402 


17.4 
18.8 
23.4 

21.1 

2.8 
8.2 
15.4 
27.9 
35.7 
42.3 
38.1 
22.4 
17.1 
8.0 
28.0 

22.0 

1.5 
4.0 
7.6 
17.0 
27.5 
40.5 
42.4 
31.0 
24.4 
23.1 
21.9 
21.0 
19.7 
17.3 
14.7 
11.4 
7.6 
4.0 
31.8 


1900 


1910 


71, 580, 270 

82, 739, 315 

8, 594, 872 
2, 046, 265 
1, 861, 445 
1, 972, 958 
1, 855, 173 
3, 740, 980 
9, 277, 021 
31, 278, 522 
17, 030, 165 
4, 933, 215 
148,699 

98,723,047 

9, 622, 492 
2, 382. 385 
2, 295, 699 
2, 367, 315 
2, 295, 822 
4, 593, 279 
10, 870, 378 
9, 833, 608 
9, 120, 421 
9, 208, 645 
7, 990, 195 
7, 042, 279 
5, 975, 804 
4, 645, 677 
3, 751, 221 
2, 770, 605 
1, 950, 004 
1, 913, 196 
94,022 


1920 


10 to 13 years 


14 years 


15 years 


16 years ._ 


17 years 


18 and 19 years 
20 to 24 years 


25 to 44 years 


45 to 64 years _ - - 


65 years and over-. 
Unknown 


1930 


10 to 13 years 


14 vears 


15 vears 


16 years 


17 years 


18 and 19 years 
20 to 24 years 
25 to 29 years 


30 to 34 years 


35 to 39 years 


40 to 44 years 


45 to 49 years 


50 to 54 years 


55 to 59 years 
60 to 64 years 
65 to 69 years 
70 to 74 years 
75 years and over.. 
Unknown 



Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 

No. 47. MALES AND FEMALES 10 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER GAINFULLY 
OCCUPIED: BY AGE PERIODS FOR EACH PRINCIPAL CLASS OF THE POPULA- 
TION AND FOR EACH GENERAL DIVISION OF OCCUPATIONS, 1930 

ed form of the total number of persons 



NOTE. Per cents re 
o 



present the proportion which persons employed form of the total 
f the specified class and age. For totals for all ages, see Table 46 



Sex and age 


Native white 


Foreign-born 

white 


Negro 


Other races 


Number 


Per 

cent 


Number 


Per 
cent 


Number 


Per 
cent 


Number 


Per 

cent 


Male 


27, 511, 862 


73.4 


6, 255, 071 


88.4 


3, 662, 893 


80.2 


647,978 


78.0 


10 to 13 vears 


91,449 
205, 931 
772, 196 
1,314,411 
3, 875, 562 
3, 618, 047 
3, 327, 876 
3, 201, 217 
2, 702, 381 
2, 342, 080 
1,999,902 
1, 556, 049 
1, 141, 958 
727, 512 
410, 154 
205,784 
19.353 


2.2 
10.1 
38.6 
68.9 
89.2 
97.0 
97.6 
97.6 
97.5 
97.1 
95.6 
93.1 
87.5 
77.0 
59.4 
33.5 
53.0 


321 
2,202 
24,584 
62,431 
298, 518 
504,561 
639,702 
876, 374 
942,667 
859,530 
690, 811 
509,352 
402,834 
263, 369 
116, 780 
56,045 
4.990 


.5 
6.3 
43.2 
77.6 
93.5 
97.9 
98.3 
98.2 
98.0 
97.5 
95.6 
91.9 
83.3 
69.7 
48.0 
23.5 
82.9 


66,323 
83,727 
149, 853 
190,823 
517, 707 
483,423 
403,804 
418, 037 
329, 762 
314,200 
268,330 
166, 770 
123, 515 
72,646 
38,786 
30,228 
4. 959 


13.3 
34.5 
61.2 
81.7 
93.5 
96.6 
96.9 
97.1 
97.2 
97.2 
96.7 
95.6 
92.6 
87.7 
76.2 
54.2 
70 2 


4,167 
6,622 
17,861 
32,103 
107, 718 
108,235 
83,018 
76, 013 
61, 751 
53,284 
36,998 
24,600 
16, 436 
9,373 
4,513 
3,559 
1 727 


4.8 
17.8 
47.1 
76.5 
91.9 
96.0 
96.8 
97.2 
97.2 
96.9 
95.3 
92.6 
85.8 
77.2 
61.0 
41.6 
77 


14 and 15 vears . 


16 and 17 vears 


18 and 19 vears 


20 to 24 years 


25 to 29 years 


30 to 34 years 


35 to 39 years ... 


40 to 44 years 


45 to 49 vears 


50 to 54 vears . 


55 to 59 years 


60 to 64 years 


65 to 69 years 


70 to 74 years __ 


75 years and over 


Unknown- 



54 



POPULATION GAINFULLY OCCUPIED 



No. 47. MALES AND FEMALES 10 YEARS OP AGE AND OVER GAINFULLY 
OCCUPIED: BY AGE FOR EACH PRINCIPAL CLASS OF THE POPULATION AND 
FOR EACH GENERAL DIVISION OF OCCUPATIONS, 1930 Continued 



Sex and age 



Native white 



Number 



Per 
cent 



Foreign-born white 



Number 



Per 
cent 



Negro 



Number 



Per 

cent 



Other races 



Number 



Per 

cent 



Female 



7, 861, 508 



20.5 



156, 056 



18.8 



1, 840, 642 



38.9 



93, 910 



15.2 



10 to 13 years 
14 and 15 years . 
16 and 17 years. 
18 and 19 years. 
20 to 24 years... 
25 to 29 years... 
30 to 34 years. - 
35 to 39 years. .. 
40 to 44 years 



45 to 49 years 

50 to 54 years 

55 to 59 years 

60 to 64 years 

65 to 69 years 

70 to 74 years 

75 years and over. 
Unknown 



29. 057 

80,863 

403, 308 

762, 322 

1, 848, 817 

1, 106, 705 

769, 781 

682, 261 

546, 923 

447, 514 

362,804 

261, 257 

176, 139 

102, 223 

48, 758 

24,051 

8,725 



.7 
4.1 
20.5 
39.5 
41.5 
29.0 
22.3 
20.8 
20.0 

19.1 

18.2 

16.4 

14.0 

10.9 

7.1 

3.5 

28.1 



105 

1,516 

22,991 

57, 692 

181, 553 

154, 198 

122, 865 

136, 152 

124, 165 

109, 431 

89, 029 

62, 370 

46,237 

27, 511 

12, 152 

6,669 

1,420 



.2 
4.4 
38.6 
64.5 
52.9 
30.5 
20.6 
18.4 
17.0 

16.0 
15.0 
13.2 
10.8 
8.2 
5.6 
2.7 
37.3 



41, 878 

48, 129 

81, 719 

113, 542 

299, 103 

267, 688 

210, 157 

219, 586 

166, 355 

144,011 

103, 328 

57, 173 

41,711 

23, 513 

11, 328 

8,278 

3,143 



8.4 
19.1 
'31.7 
41.5 
46.0 
46.9 
46.9 
47.7 
47.8 

46.9 
45.5 
42.3 
38.3 
32.5 
23.5 
13.2 
47.1 



2,028 
2,800 
6,329 



18, 075 
12, 820 
10, 124 
9,602 
7,294 

6,020 



2,493 
1,698 
895 
431 
409 
114 



2.4 
7.6 
17.4 
23.8 
21.6 
17.0 
16.8 
17.2 
17.9 

17.6 

16.7 

15.0 

13.2 

10.6 

7.9 

5.4 

15.9 



Sex and age 



Agricul- 
ture 



For- 
estry 
and 
fish- 
ing 



Ex- 
trac- 
tion of 
min- 
erals 



Manu- 
factur- 
ing and 
mechan- 
ical in- 
dustries 



Trans- 
porta- 
tion and 

com- 
munica- 
tion 



Trade 



Public 
service 
(not 
else- 
where 
classi- 
fied) 



Profes- 
sional 
service 



Domes- 
tic and 

personal 
service 



Cler- 
ical 
occu- 
pations 



Male. 



9, 562, 059 250, 140 983, 564 12,224,345 3, 561, 943 



5,118,787 



838, 622 1, 727, 650 1, 772, 200 



2,038,494 



10 to 13 years 

14 and 15 years. . 
16 and 17 years 
18 and 19 years 
20 to 24 years.. 
25 to 29 years.. 
30 to 34 years.. 
35 to 39 years- 
40 to 44 years 

45 to 49 years 

50 to 54 years 

55 to 59 years 

60 to 64 years 

65 to 69 years 

70 to 74 years 

75 years and over. 
Unknown... 



Female..... 

10 to 13 years 

14 and 15 years... 
16 and 17 years. .. 
18 and 19 years... 

20 to 24 years 

25 to 29 years 

30 to 34 years 

35 to 39 years 

40 to 44 years 

45 to 49 years 

50 to 54 years 

55 to 59 years 

60 to 64 years 

65 to 69 years 

70 to 74 years 

75 years and over. 
Unknown. .. 



139, 697 
203, 403 
433, 082 
527, 910 
1, 156, 936 
902, 211 
825,680 
895, 899 
849, 079 

844, 949 
802,094 
662, 246 
539, 104 
385, 893 
241, 862 
147, 369 
4,645 

909, 939 



219 

1,330 

5,790 

10, 574 



135 

1,034 

18,336 

40, 670 



3,493 
31,696 
233,980 
484, 121 
33, 572 130, 183 1, 556, 865 
1, 569, 965 
960 123, 035 1, 501, 455 
28, 856 133, 188 1, 586, 037 
27, 353 120, 256 1, 410, 114 



25, 738 104, 392 1 
76, 598 
50, 130 
30,229 
15,969 
6,219 
2,346 
593 



21,363 

15, 218 

10, 517 

6,413 

3,181 

1,489 

315 



, 214, 428 
957, 615 
690, 130 
490, 122 
291, 323 
134, 647 



11, 374 



759 1, 886, 307 



506 

7,579 

49, 105 

117,400 

488, 773 

541,351 

500, 921 

480,106 

398, 055 

329, 889 

251, 127 

174, 155 

120, 549 

66,262 

23,735 

8,916 

3,514 

281, 204 



14,126 

30,088 

93,868 

158, 658 

548, 973 

639, 810 

670, 86' 

685, 919 

591, 139 

503, 299 
418, 090 
307, 423 
220, 388 
132, 350 
67, 689 
31,868 
4,232 

962, 680 



132| 

327 

4,224 

21,049 

85,809 

96,753 

101, 168 

99,400 

84,764 

78, 104 

76, 182 

65, 293 

55, 913 

39, 334 

20, 662 

8,824 

684 



17, 583 1, 526, 234 3, 180, 251 



60,531 
72, 989 
67,936 
112,811 
70,047 
57,883 



65, 157 

67, 113 
61,344 
46,234 
38, 200 
26,198 
16,063 
12,440 
438 



M 

117 
71 
70 
75 
52 



1,268 
31,1 
164, 005 
219,666 
396, 692 
236, 542 
181, 184 
178, 510 
144, 425 

113,492 

85,119 

67, 614 

38,557 

22,072 

9,435 

4,068 

1,849 



77 
555 
17,233 
41,291 
88,858 
49, 175 
29, 586 
20, 943 
12,889 

8,275 

5,474 

3,268 

1,962 

894 

333 

157 

234 



620 
4,781 
44,480 
85,063 
181,613 
122, 340 
106,275 
112,422 
96,016 

78, 683 

57, 397 

35, 641 

20, 379 

10, 009 

4,062 

1,748 

1,151 



11 

15 
42 
96 

1,562 
1,981 
2,132 
2,504 
2,442 

2,196 

1,914 

1,289 

743 

406 

148 

67 

35 



843 

3,203 

14,61 

33,876 

189, 193 

259, 527 

233, 630 

219,188 

189, 698 

162, 528 

142, 300 

108, 043 

79, 425 

47, 373 

26, 687 

15, 775 

1,744 



2,506 

7,943 

33, 612 

61, 146 

193, 758 

211,064 

205, 95' 

225, 774 

203, 921 

177, 055 

148,40.' 

109, 666 

84, 9U4 

57, 016 

31,021 

15, 791 

2,571 



126 

675 

8, 458 

74, 677 

419, 657 

287, 874 

185, 690 

156, 604 

119, 390 

93, 231 
74,246 
49,112 
30, 322 
14, 721 
6,007 
2,721 
2,726 



4, 995 
30, 701 
129,54 
204, 153 
481,358 
392, 392 
327, 764 
3M, 005 
306, 597 

281, 591 

235, 668 

169, 858 

125, 785 

76, 010 

35, 442 

17, 709 

5,076 



62,317 

37, 827 

20, 226 

9,813 

3,811 

1,169 

492 

1,889 



Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 



POPULATION OCCUPATIONS 



55 



No. 48. GAINFUL WORKERS 10 YEARS OLD AND OVER: BY GENERAL DIVI- 
SIONS OF OCCUPATIONS AND SEX, CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES 
[Per cent not shown where less than 0.1] 



Year and general division of 
occupations 


Number 


Per cent distribution 


Per cent of 
total 


Total 


Male 


Female 


Total 


Male 


Fe- 
male 


Male 


Fe- 
male 

20.5 


1920 


41, 614, 248 


33, 064, 737 


8, 549, 511 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


79.5 


Agriculture - 


10,665,812 
270, 214 
1,090,223 

12, 831, 879 
3, 09<5, 829 
4, 257, 684 

738, 525 
2, 171, 251 
3, 379, 995 
3, 111, 836 

48, 829, 920 


9, 582, 666 
269,541 
1, 087, 359 

10, 901, 527 
2,872,559 
3, 585, 701 

727, 939 
1, 154, 221 
1, 193, 313 
1, 689, 911 

38, 077, 804 


1,083,146 
673 
2,864 

1, 930, 352 
224, 270 
671, 983 

10,586 
1.017,030 
2, 186, 682 
1, 421, 925 

10,752,116 


25.6 
.6 
2.6 

30.8 
7.4 
10.2 

1.8 
5.2 
8.1 
7.5 

100.0 


29.0 
.8 
3.3 

33.0 
8.7 
10.8 

2.2 
3.5 
3.6 
5.1 

100.0 


12.7 


89.8 
99.8 
99.7 

85.0 
92.8 
84.2 

98.6 
53.2 
35.3 
54.3 

78.0 


10.2 
.2 
.3 

15.0 
7.2 
15.8 

1.4 
46.8 
64.7 
45.7 

22.0 


Forestry and fishing 


Extraction of minerals 




Manufacturing and mechanical in- 
dustries - - 


22.6 
2.6 
7.9 

.1 
11.9 
25.6 
16.6 

100.0 


Transportation and communication. 
Trade 


Public service (not elsewhere clas- 
sified) 


Professional service 


Domestic and personal service 


Clerical occupations 


1930 


A griculture 


10, 471, 998 
250,469 
984,323 

14,110,652 
3, 843, 147 
6, 081, 467 

856,205 
3, 253, 884 
4, 952, 451 
4, 025, 324 


9, 562, 059 
250,140 
983,564 

12, 224, 345 
3, 561, 943 
5, 118, 787 

838,622 
1, 727, 650 
1. 772, 200 
2, 038, 494 


909,939 
329 
759 

1, 886, 307 
281,204 
962,680 

17,583 
1, 526, 234 
3, 180, 251 
1,986,830 


21.4 
.5 
2.0 

28.9 
7.9 
12.5 

1.8 
6.7 
10.1 
8.2 


25.1 

.7 
2.6 

32.1 
9.4 
13.4 

2.2 
4.5 
4.7 
5.4 


8.5 


91.3 
99.9 
99.9 

86.6 
92.7 
84.2 

97.9 
53.1 
35.8 
50.6 


8.7 
.1 
.1 

13.4 
7.3 
15.8 

2.1 
46.9 
64.2 
49.4 


Forestry and fishing 






Manufacturing and mechanical in- 
dustries 


17.5 
2.6 
9.0 

.2 
14.2 
29.6 
18.5 


Transportation and communication- 
Trade 


Public service (not elsewhere clas- 
sified) 




Domestic and personal service 







Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 

No. 49. GAINFUL WORKERS 10 YEARS OLD AND OVER: BY OCCUPATION AND 

SEX, CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES 

[The 1920 figures for certain division totals have been corrected to conform with the 1930 classification] 



Occupation 


1920 


1930 


Total 


Male 


Female 


Total 


Male 


Female 


All occupations - 


41, 614, 248 
10, 665, 812 


33, 064, 737 
9, 582, 666 


8, 549, 511 


48, 829, 920 


38,077,804 


10, 752, 116 


Agriculture 1 


1, 083, 146 


10, 471, 998 


9, 562, 059 


909, 939 


Farmers (owners and tenants) 


6, 387, 360 
92, 324 

4, 186, 128 
2, 336, 009 
1, 850, 119 

270, 214 


6, 121, 783 
77,984 

3,382,899 
2, 109, 422 
1, 273, 477 

269, 541 


265, 577 
14,340 

803,229 
226, 587 
576,642 

673 


6, 012, 012 
67,222 

4, 392, 764 
2, 732, 972 
1, 659, 792 

250,469 


5, 749, 367 
66, 259 

3, 746, 433 
2, 561, 649 
1, 184, 784 

250,140 


262,645 
963 

646, 331 
171, 323 
475,008 

329 


"Farm managers and foremRT) 


Farm laborers 


Wage workers J 


Unpaid family workers 2 


Forestry and fishing 


Fishermen and ovstermen 


52,836 
3,653 

8,410 
6,315 
2,095 
205, 315 


52, 457 
3,651 

8,397 
6,307 
2.090 
205,036 


379 
2 

13 

8 
5 
279 


73,280 
8,057 

6,899 
5,650 
1,249 
162,233 


73,071 
8,042 

6,889 
5,641 
1,248 
162, 138 


209 
15 

10 
9 

1 
95 


Foresters, forest rangers, and timber cruisers. 

Owners and managers of log and timber 
camps 


Owners and proprietors 


Managers and officials 


Lumbermen, raftsmen, and wood choppers. 



1 Because of changes made in 1930 in the classification of agricultural pursuits, it is impossible to group 
the 1920 occupations exactly according to the 1930 classification. It is believed, however, that the effect 
of the difference in grouping on the comparability of figures here presented is negligible. Figures have 
been adjusted to exclude those employed on turpentine farms classified in "Agriculture" in 1920 (see Note 5) . 

2 Since, in 1920, only farm laborers on general farms were distinguished as working on "home farm" or 
"working out," farm laborers on dairy farms, stock farms, truck farms, poultry farms, etc., who were, in 
fact, working on the "home farm" as "unpaid family workers" were not included in " Farm laborers (home 
farm) ." Hence, as here compiled for 1920, the number of farm laborers classified as " Wage workers " prob- 
ably is somewhat too large, and the number classified as " Unpaid family workers" somewhat too small. 



56 



POPULATION OCCUPATIONS 



No. 49. GAINFUL WORKERS 10 YEARS OLD AND OVER: BY OCCUPATION AND 

SEX, CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES Continued 







1920 






1930 






Total 


Male 


Female 


Total 


Male 


Female 


Extraction of minerals 


1,090,223 


1,087,359 


2,864 


984, 323 


983, 564 


759 


Operators managers and officials 


34 325 


34 143 


182 


30, 896 


30 755 


141 


Operators - - .. -. 


17,334 


17, 216 


118 


15, 511 


15,423 


88 


Managers and officials 


16, 991 


16, 927 


64 


15, 385 


15, 332 


53 


Foremen, overseers, and inspectors . 


36, 931 


36, 923 


8 


34,286 


34, 274 


12 


Coal mine operatives 


733, 936 


732, 441 


1,495 


621, 661 


621, 545 


116 


Copper mine operatives 


36, 054 


35, 918 


136 


30, 939 


30, 936 


3 


Gold and silver mine operatives 


32,700 


32, 666 


34 


18, 157 


18, 148 


9 


Iron mine operatives 


38 704 


38,605 


99 


24, 248 


24, 245 


3 


Lead and zinc mine operatives .. 


20,798 


20,749 


49 


16: 154 


16, 153 


1 


Other and not specified mine operatives 
Quarry operatives 


20,591 

45 162 


20,533 
45, 084 


58 

78 


33, 346 

65, 288 


33, 316 
65, 263 


30 

25 


Oil and gas well operatives 


85, 550 


85, 303 


247 


105, 224 


105,212 


12 


Salt well and works operatives 


5,472 


4,994 


478 


4,124 


3,717 


407 


Manufacturing and mechanical indus- 
tries 


12,831,879 


10,901,527 


1,930,352 


14,110,652 


12,224,345 


1, 886, 307 


Apprentices to building and hand trades 
Carpenters' apprentices 


73, 953 
4,805 


73, 897 
4,797 


56 
8 


40, 133 
4,138 


40, 105 
4, 133 


28 
5 


Electricians' apprentices 


9,562 


9,557 


5 


4,611 


4,604 


7 


Machinists' apprentices 3 


39, 463 


39, 448 


15 


13, 606 


13,600 


6 


Plumbers' apprfiTitinfis 


7 386 


7,386 




5,937 


5,937 




Apprentices to other building and hand 
trades .. 


12, 737 


12,709 


28 


11, 841 


11, 831 


10 


Apprentices to dressmakers and milliners.-- 
Apprentices to printers and bookbinders 
Other apprentices in manufacturing 4 


4! 326 
11, 603 
50, 518 


17 
10, 366 
46,687 


4,309 
1,237 
3,831 


2,181 
10, 928 
24, 210 


20 
10, 575 
22, 855 


2,161 
353 
1,355 


Bakers 


97, 940 


93, 347 


4,593 


140, 800 


131, 884 


8,916 


Blacksmiths, forgemen, and hammermen.. 
Boilermakers 


221, 421 
74,088 


221, 416 

74, 088 


5 


147, 469 
49, 923 


147, 460 
49,923 


9 


Brick and stone masons and tile layers 


131, 264 


131, 257 


7 


170, 903 


170, 896 


7 


Builders and building contractors 


90,109 


90,030 


79 


167, 512 


167, 310 


202 


Cabinetmakers 


45, 511 


45, 503 


8 


57, 897 


57,890 


7 


Carpenters 


887, 379 


887,208 


171 


929, 426 


929, 376 


50 


Compositors, linotypers, and typesetters. .. 
Coopers 


140, 165 
19,066 


128, 859 
19, 061 


11,306 
5 


183, 632 
11, 347 


173, 363 
11, 347 


10, 269 


Dressmakers and seamstresses (not in fac- 
tory) 


235,855 


336 


235, 519 


158, 380 


452 


157 928 


Dyers. . . 


15,109 


14, 978 


131 


17, 719 


17, 425 


294 


Electricians 


212, 964 


212, 945 


19 


280,317 


280, 279 


38 


Electrotypers, stereotypers, and lithog- 
raphers . 


13, 716 


13, 530 


186 


16, 692 


16, 448 


244 


Engineers (stationary), cranemen, etc 


279, 984 


279, 940 


44 


316, 964 


316, 942 


22 


Engineers (stationary) 


242, 096 


242, 064 


32 


256,078 


256, 060 


18 


Cranemen, derrickmen, hoistmen, etc 
Engravers 


37,888 
15 0-53 


37, 876 
14,492 


12 
561 


60, 886 
19, 437 


60, 882 
18, 747 


4 
690 


Filers, grinders, buffers, and polishers 
(metal) 


59, 785 


57, 315 


2,470 


78,600 


76, 264 


2,336 


Firemen (except locomotive and fire dept.)._ 

Foremen and overseers (manufacturing) ... 
Furnace men, smelter men, heaters, pud- 
dlers, etc 


143, 875 
308, 137 

40,806 


143, 862 
277,966 

40,800 


13 
30,171 
6 


127, 294 
338, 504 

35, 166 


127, 293 
310, 037 

35,165 


1 
28,467 
1 


Glass blowers. 


9, 144 


9,055 


89 


3,268 


3,209 


59 


Jewelers, watchmakers, goldsmiths, and 
silversmiths. . 


39, 592 


37, 914 


1,678 


38,662 


37,408 


1,254 


Loom fixers 


15 961 


15, 958 


3 


19, 215 


19, 180 


36 


Machinists, millwrights, and toolmakers.... 
Machinists.. 


894, 662 
801, 901 


894, 654 
801, 896 


8 
5 


761, 095 
640, 289 


761, 075 
640, 285 


20 
4 


Millwrights 


37 669 


37,669 




42 012 


42,006 


6 


Toolmakers and die setters and sinkers... 

Managers and officials (manufacturing) ... 
Manufacturers ' 


55, 092 

249, 950 
183 695 


55,089 

241, 619 
178 750 


3 

8,331 
4 945 


78, 794 

312, 756 
207 901 


78,784 

302, 334 
202 190 


10 

10, 422 
5 711 


Mechanics (n. o. s. 4 ) . 


o 281, 741 


6 281, 690 


60 51 


638, 253 


638, 190 


63 


Air transportation. . 


(7) 


(0 




3,406 


3,405 


1 


Automobile factories, garages, repair shops. 
Railroad and car shops ... _ _ 


8 

m 


$ 


CO 


394, 188 
21, 847 


394, 169 

21, 847 


19 


Other industries 


(7) 


(7) 


M 


218, 812 


218, 769 


43 


Millers (grain, flour, feed, etc.) 


23,272 


23,265 


7 


15, 946 


15, 906 


40 


Milliners and millinery dealers 


73, 255 


3,657 


69, 598 


44,948 


4,846 


40, 102 


Molders, founders, and casters (metal) 
Oilers of machinery 


123,681 
24.612 


123, 668 
24.568 


13 

44 


105, 158 
31. 210 


105, 139 
31. 169 


19 
41 



3 Many of the machinists' apprentices probably are machine tenders. 

4 Includes, for 1920, groups otherwise classified in 1930 as follows: Apprentices, steam railroad, telegraph 



and telephone, other transportation and communication; Apprentices, wholesale and retail trade; Appren- 
tices to other professional persons. "Architects', designers', and draftsmen's apprentices," classified in 
'Manufacturing and mechanical industries" in 1920, was transferred to "Professional service" in 1930, 



Persons employed on turpentine farms classified in "Agriculture, forestry, etc.," in 1920, were trans- 
ferred to "Manufacturing and Mechanical Industries" in 1930. 

Not otherwise specified. Figures are not comparable with data for 1930. 

7 Comparable figures for 1920 not available. 



POPULATION OCCUPATIONS 



57 



KTo. 49. GAINFUL WORKERS 10 YEARS OLD AND OVER: BY OCCUPATION AND 

SEX, CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES Continued 







1920 






1930 






Total 


Male 


Female 


Total 


Male 


Female 


Manufacturing, etc. Continued. 
Painters, glaziers, varnishers, etc 


323,032 


319 697 


3,335 


528 931 


524, 150 


4,781 


Enamelers, lacquerers, and japanners 
Painters, glaziers, and varnishers: 
Building 


4 137 
248 497 


3,168 
248 394 


969 
103 


5,758 
430 105 


4,622 
429 982 


1,138 
123 


Factory _ 


70,398 


68, 135 


2,263 


93,068 


89,546 


3,522 


Paper hangers . . ._ 


18,746 


18 338 


408 


28 328 


26,872 


1.456 


Pattern and model makers 


27 720 


27 663 


57 


29 750 


29 711 


39 


Piano and organ tuners 


7,047 


7,007 


40 


6,823 


6,799 


24 


Plasterers and cement finishers 


45, 876 


45 870 


6 


85 480 


85 477 


3 


Plumbers and gas and steam fitters 


206 718 


206 715 


3 


237 814 


237 813 


1 


Pressmen and plate printers (printing) 


18,683 


18,683 




31, 215 


31,215 




Rollers and roll hands (metal) 


25 061 


25 061 




30 765 


30 765 




Roofers and slaters 


11,378 


11, 378 




23,636 


23 636 




Sawyers _. . 


33,809 


33,800 


o 


36 064 


35 984 


80 


Shoemakers and cobblers (not in factory) _ _ 
Skilled occupations (not elswhere classified) . 

Stonecutters 


78,859 
12,348 
22,099 


78,599 
12, 319 
22 096 


260 
29 
3 


76,388 
12,258 
22 888 


76,127 

12,227 
22,887 


261 
31 
1 


Structural iron workers (building) 


18 886 


18 836 




28 966 


28 966 




Tailors and tailoresses. 


192, 232 


160,404 


31 828 


169,283 


147 476 


21 807 


Tinsmiths and coppersmiths 


74,968 


74,957 


11 


83,427 


83 421 


6 


Upholsterers 


29 605 


27 338 


2.267 


51 452 


49 097 


2,355 


Operatives (n. o. s. 6 ): 
Building industry 


7 003 


6 983 


20 


18 442 


18,419 


23 


Chemical and allied industries 


8 70, 416 


8 51 287 


8 19 129 


117, 467 


88,604 


28 863 


Charcoal and coke works 


1 722 


1 692 


30 


1 587 


1 572 


15 


Explosives, ammunition, and fireworks 
factories - 


7 379 


4,811 


2,668 


5 904 


3 322 


2,582 


Fertilizer factories 


1 407 


1 352 


55 


1 538 


1 484 


54 


Gasworks . 


9,462 


9 294 


168 


13 896 


13 873 


23 


Paint and varnish factories .. - 


5 521 


4,686 


835 


8,297 


7 266 


1 031 


Petroleum refineries 


8 891 


8 229 


662 


25 274 


24781 


493 


Rayon factories 


(8) 


( 8 ) 


(8) 


20 940 


10 087 


10 853 


Soap factories 


6 288 


3239 


3 049 


5 289 


3,405 


1 884 


Other chemical factories 


29,746 


17,984 


11 762 


34,742 


22 814 


11,928 


Cigar and tobacco factories 


145 222 


61 262 


83 960 


103 715 


35 767 


67 948 


Clay, glass, and stone industries 


85,434 


72 269 


13 165 


96,342 


80 630 


15 712 


Brick, tile, and terra cotta factories 
Glass factories 


9, 9.87 
44,831 


9,357 
37,636 


630 
7 195 


12,884 
40,853 


11,535 
33 554 


1,349 
7,299 


Lime, cement, and artificial stone fac- 
tories 


7 633 


7 426 


207 


11 395 


11 069 


326 


Marble and stone yards.. 


5 546 


5 478 


68 


7,963 


7*953 


10 


Potteries 


17 437 


12,372 


5 065 


23 247 


16 519 


6 728 


Clothing industries 


409,361 


143, 718 


265 643 


488,909 


142,158 


346,751 


Corset factories _ 


12 642 


1 115 


11 527 


10 921 


852 


10 069 


Glove factories 


23 357 


6 584 


16 773 


18 465 


4 955 


13 510 


Hat factories (felt) 


21 178 


14,716 


6,462 


26 454 


17 981 


8,473 


Shirt, collar, and cuff factories 


52 377 


10 361 


42 016 


55 471 


9 708 


45 763 


Suit, coat, and overall factories 


143, 872 


79,357 


64 515 


106, 773 


50 190 


56,583 


Other clothing factories 


155 935 


31 585 


124,350 


270 825 


58 472 


212,353 


Food and allied industries 


204,550 


131, 453 


73 097 


224,416 


135,830 


88,586 


Bakeries . 


20 441 


8,858 


11 583 


27,901 


12,602 


15,299 


Butter, cheese, condensed milk factories. 
Candy factories 


18,841 
52 281 


16,096 
20 913 


2,745 
31 368 


25,707 
44,470 


21, 331 
17 404 


4,376 
27 066 


Fish curing and packing, t . 


7*586 


4,363 


3 223 


6,796 


3 699 


3,097 


Flour and grain mills 


8 112 


7 524 


588 


6 872 


6 320 


552 


Fruit and vegetable canning, etc 


10,204 


3,898 


6,306 


18,748 


5 196 


13, 552 


Slaughter and packing houses 


49 991 


41 906 


8 085 


53 059 


43 052 


10 007 


Sugar factories and refineries 


3! 806 


3, 144 


662 


3,778 


3,070 


708 


Other food factories 


17,633 


9,791 


7,842 


25,898 


12, 743 


13,155 


Liquor and beverage industries 


15 655 


14,960 


695 


11 187 


10 413 


774 


Iron and steel, machinery, and vehicle 
industries 


689,980 


632, 161 


57 819 


651 398 


590 635 


60.763 


Agricultural implement factories 


7 722 


7 136 


586 


8 782 


281 


501 


Automobile factories 


121 164 


108 376 


12 788 


161 957 


142 925 


19 032 


Automobile repair shops 


(') 


(*) 


() 


9 452 


9 407 


45 


Blast furnaces and steel rolling mills 10 .. 
Car and railroad shops 


93,627 
97 979 


89,526 
97 003 


4,101 
976 


106,664 
65 008 


103, 575 
64,573 


3,089 
435 


Ship and boat building 


97,666 


97, 175 


491 


19 969 


19 904 


65 


Wagon and carriage factories 


9 430 


8 749 


681 


2, 766 


2,517 


249 


Other iron and steel and machinery 
factories n 


245, 450 


9 209, 112 


"36,338 


248 911 


213, 952 


34, 959 


Not specified metal industries.... 


16,942 


15.084 


1,858 


27.889 


25.501 


2.388 



8 Not otherwise specified. 

8 The few operatives and laborers in rayon factories in 1920 were classified with operatives and laborers, 
respectively, in "Not specified textile mills." 

Automobile repair shops included in "other iron and steel factories." 
M Includes tin-plate miliq, u Includes iron foundries. 



58 



POPULATION OCCUPATIONS 



No. 49. GAINFUL WORKERS 10 YEARS OLD AND OVER: BY OCCUPATION AND 
SEX, CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES Continued 



Occupation 


1930 


1930 


Total 


Male 


Female 


Total 


Male 


Female 


Manufacturing, etc. Continued. 
Operatives (n. o. s.) Continued. 
Metal industries (except iron and steel) _ _ 
Brass mills 


91,291 
17, 482 
18, 244 
2,986 
6,239 
15, 083 
2,464 
19,356 
9,437 

279, 231 
18, 135 

17, 189 
206, 225 
32, 226 
5,456 

168, 719 
55, 717 
19, 852 
57, 320 
35, 830 

155, 524 

13, 694 
54,669 
20, 452 
66,709 

302, 454 
107,604 
115, 721 

17, 736 
126, 418 
122, 464 
23,387 
6,742 
19,083 
8,454 
3,543 
" 61, 255 

536,832 
12,606 
12, 977 
15,949 

64, 841 
86,204 
14,102 
1,138 

J 329, 015 

686,722 

( 7 ) 
( 7 ) 
i 134, 313 
9,384 

8,467 
12,943 
18,845 
4,841 
31, 795 

(1C) 

4,715 
43,323 


60, 844 
13, 576 
10,043 
2,834 
4,432 
8,946 
2,186 
12, 167 
6.660 

196, 437 
17, 573 

12,809 
132, 813 
28,598 
4,644 

150, 079 
48.906 
16, 949 
54,016 
30, 208 

87, 679 

5,117 
41, 321 
7,077 
34,164 

153, 269 
26, 922 
42, 953 

12, 154 
64,703 
54, 033 
13,003 
2,811 
6,086 
4,714 
2,538 
" 24, 881 

344, 568 
10, 219 

7,768 
15, 610 

37, 452 
67, 370 
7,751 
1,130 

197, 268 

671, 487 

( 7 ) 
( 7 ) 
is 130, 699 
9,352 

7,821 
12,808 
18, 787 
4,677 
31,566 

(16) 

4,346 
41,342 
7 Compa 


30,447 
3,906 
8,201 
152 
1,807 
6,137 
278 
7,189 
2,777 

82, 794 
562 

4,380 
73, 412 
3,628 
812 

18,640 
6,811 
2,903 
3,304 
5,622 

67, 845 

8,577 
13, 348 
13, 375 
32,545 

149, 185 
80, 682 
72, 768 

5,582 
61, 715 
68, 431 
10,384 
3,931 
12, 997 
3,740 
1,005 
" 36, 374 

192, 264 
2,38? 
5,209 
339 

27, 389 
18, 834 
6,351 

8 

u 131, 747 
15,235 

8 

i 3, 614 
32 

646 
135 
58 
164 
229 
(18) 
369 
1,981 
rable figu 


91, 852 
14, 834 
15,036 
2,950 
5,902 
13, 979 
2,014 
23,290 
13, 847 

267, 518 
7,164 

16,533 
209, 928 
28, 993 
4,900 

177, 457 
75, 235 
8,177 
58,986 
35, 059 

165,911 

17, 127 
63, 629 
14, 284 
70, 871 

302, 501 
134, 006 
125, 770 

19, 613 
101, 821 
133, 660 
28, 609 
4,503 
11,417 
5,469 
4,275 
79, 387 

536, 108 
9,521 
7,565 
49, 269 

117, 327 
80, 835 
1,818 
1,368 
f 268,405 
\ 153, 152 

1, 115, 667 

419, 802 
695, 865 

151, 918 
4,783 

5,047 
18,243 
28,897 
6,171 
40, 816 
4,962 
4,799 
38,200 
res for 192C 


61,049 
11,606 
8,492 
2,824 
3,877 
7,766 
1,840 
15, 250 
9,394 

175, 768 
6,890 

11, 080 
128, 377 
25, 395 
4,026 

157, 861 
66, 131 
7,535 
56, 389 
27,806 

102, 421 

6,488 
49, 709 
5,767 
40, 457 

156, 818 
44, 203 
52, 080 

13, 947 
52, 761 
65, 312 
16, 486 
2,074 
4,221 
3,067 
2,566 
36, 898 

353, 744 

7,622 
4,496 
49, 218 

72, 012 
59, 546 
584 
1,360 
158, 906 
123, 252 

1, 104, 132 

419, 675 
684, 457 

148, 507 
4,772 

4,447 
18, 157 
28,884 
6, 017 
40, 645 
4,451 
4,566 
36,568 
not avail? 


30,803 
3,228 
6,544 
126 
2,025 
6,213 
174 
8,040 
4,453 

91,750 
274 

5,453 
81, 551 
3,598 
874 

19, 596 
9,104 
642 
2,597 
7,253 

63,490 

10, 639 
13, 920 
8,517 
30, 414 

145, 683 
89, 803 
73, 690 

5, 666 
49, 060 
68,348 
12, 123 
2,429 
7,196 
2,402 
1,709 
42, 489 

182, 364 
1,899 
3,069 
51 

45, 315 
21, 289 
1,234 
8 
109, 499 
29,900 

11, 535 

127 
11,408 

3,411 
11 

600 
86 
13 
154 
171 
511 
233 
1,632 

bib. 


Clock and watch factories 


Copper factories 


Gold and silver factories 


Jewelry factories . 


Lead and zinc factories 


Tinware, enamelware, etc., factories 
Other metal factories _ 


Leather industries 


Harness and saddle factories 


Leather belt, leather goods, etc., fac- 
tories 12 


Shoe factories 


Tanneries 


Trunk, suitcase, and bag factories 12 
Lumber and furniture industries 


Furniture factories 


Piano and organ factories - 


Saw and planing mills 13 


Other woodworking factories 


Paper, printing, and allied industries 
Blank book, envelope, tag, paper bag, 
etc , factories - 


Paper and pulp mills 


Paper box factories .. 


Printing, publishing, and engraving 

Textile industries- 
Cotton mills _ 


Knitting mills 


Silk mills 


Textile dyeing, finishing, and printing 
mills 


Woolen and worsted mills 


Other textile mills 


Carpet mills 


Hemp, jute, and linen mills 


Lace and embroidery mills 


Rope and cordage factories 


Sail, awning, and tent factories 


Other and not specified textile mills... 

Miscellaneous manufacturing industries. _ 
Broom and brush factories 


Button factories .. 


Electric light and power plants 


Electrical machinery and supply fac- 
tories .. -. 


Rubber factories 


Straw factories __ 


Turpentine farms and distilleries 


Other and not specified manufacturing. 
Not specified industries and services 

Laborers (n. o. s. 8 ): 
Building, general, and not specified 
laborers . . 


Laborers and helpers, building con- 
struction 


General and not specified laborers 


Chemical and allied industries 


Charcoal and coke works 


Explosives, ammunition, and fire- 
works factories 


Fertilizer factories 


Gas works . . 


Paint and varnish factories 


Petroleum refineries 


Rayon factories 


Soap factories 


Other chemical factories 


Not otherwise specified. 



Operatives and laborers in leather bag factories, included in the group, " Leather belt, leather case, etc., 
factories" in 1920, were transferred to the group, "Trunk, suit case, and bag factories" in 1930. 

13 Includes box factories (wood). " See note 8, p. 57 and note 15 below. 

18 Some operatives and laborers included in "Other and not specified manufacturing" in 1920 were 
classified in "Other and not specified textile mills" in 1930. "Helpers in motion-picture production," 
included in "Operatives, other miscellaneous manufacturing and mechanical industries" in 1920, were 
classified in "Professional service" in 1930. J See note 8, p. 57. 



PO PULATION OCCUPATIONS 



59 



No. 49. GAINFUL WORKERS 10 YEARS OLD AND OVER: BY OCCUPATION AND 
SEX, CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES Continued 







1920 






1930 






Total 


Male 


Female 


Total 


Male 


Female 


Manufacturing, etc. Continued. 
Laborers (n. o. s. 6 ) Continued. 
Cigar and tobacco factories 


35 157 


2L295 


13,862 


20,581 


14,094 


6,487 


Clay, glass, and stone industries 


124,544 


120, 215 


4,329 


145,665 


142,095 


3,570 


Brick, tile, and terra-cotta factories 
Glass factories 


48,636 
28 937 


48,099 
26 461 


537 
2,476 


59,543 
28,108 


58,792 
26 362 


751 
L746 


Lime, cement, and artificial-stone facto- 
ries 


30 051 


29 884 


167 


38,634 


38,475 


159 


Marble and stone yards 


5 084 


5 061 


23 


8 102 


8 097 


5 


Potteries 


11,836 


10, 710 


1,126 


11,278 


10,369 


909 


Clothing industries 


12,776 


6 414 


6 362 


15 293 


8 558 


6 735 


Corset factories-. - 


771 


194 


577 


350 


133 


217 


Glove factories 


L757 


899 


858 


1, 159 


550 


609 


Hat factories (felt) 


989 


825 


164 


1 142 


966 


176 


Shirt, collar, and cuff factories 


2,708 


1,317 


L391 


4,136 


2,314 


1,822 


Suit, coat, and overall factories 


3 984 


2,219 


1,765 


3,794 


2,456 


1,338 


Other clothing factories 


2,567 


960 


1,607 


4; 712 


2, 139 


2,573 


Food and allied industries 


170 065 


153, 692 


16,373 


154,886 


136,802 


18,084 


Bakeries 


8,315 


6 869 


1,446 


12,362 


10,786 


1 576 


Butter, cheese, and condensed-milk fac- 
tories 


15 190 


14,174 


1,016 


17 433 


16, 518 


915 


Candy factories 


6,584 


4;398 


2,186 


5,552 


4,080 


1,472 


Fish curing and packing 


6 300 


5,261 


L039 


6,172 


4,596 


L576 


Flour and grain Tnills 


18 121 


17 983 


138 


15,997 


15,839 


158 


Fruit and vegetable canning, etc 


13,058 


9,743 


3,315 


19,544 


14,987 


4,557 


Slaughter and packing houses 


59 548 


55,436 


4,112 


43,045 


39,384 


3,661 


Sugar factories and refineries 


15 733 


15 414 


319 


9 298 


9 038 


260 


Other food factories .- 


16 686 


14, 119 


2,567 


16,968 


13,281 


3,687 


Liquor and beverage industries 


10 530 


10,295 


235 


8,515 


8,293 


222 


Iron and steel, machinery, and vehicle in- 
dustries 


729 613 


717 022 


12, 591 


662 131 


652,027 


10 104 


Agricultural-implement factories 


11 409 


11,292 


117 


10, 873 


10,735 


138 


Antomobilft fant.orifts 


83 341 


80 874 


2,467 


123, 717 


120, 150 


3,567 


Automobile repair shops 


() 


() 


() 


12,653 


12,617 


36 


Blast furnaces and steel rolling mills 10 _ 
Car and railroad shops 


258,830 
53 643 


256,548 
53 280 


2,282 
363 


235,726 
37,789 


234,524 
37,542 


1,202 
247 


Ship and boat building 


69,196 


68,917 


279 


17,352 


17,325 


27 


Wagon and carriage factories 


9 817 


9,594 


223 


1,419 


1,406 


13 


Other iron and steel and machinery 
factories u . _ 


9 179, 607 


9 173, 734 


5,873 


171, 814 


167,534 


4,280 


Not specified metal industries 


63 770 


62,783 


987 


50,788 


50,194 


594 


Metal industries (except iron and steel) ... 
Brass mills 


67,887 
18 485 


62,771 
17 614 


5,116 

871 


62,398 
14,809 


58,913 
14,411 


3,485 
398 


Clock and watch factories 


3,108 


1,929 


L179 


1,546 


1,018 


528 


Copper factories 


10 963 


10,908 


55 


8,013 


7,950 


63 


Gold and silver factories 


2,272 


2,061 


211 


L199 


1,098 


101 


Jewelry factories 


1,421 


1,255 


166 


397 


328 


69 


Lead and zinc factories 


8 927 


8,859 


68 


8, 116 


8,093 


23 


Tinware, enamelware, etc., factories 
Other metal factories ._ . 


17,605 
5 106 


15, 436 
4,709 


2,169 
397 


20,181 
8,137 


18, 313 
7,702 


1,868 
435 


Leather industries.. . 


54,639 


48,167 


6,472 


38,601 


33,003 


5,598 


Harness and saddle factories 


1,885 


1,727 


158 


501 


469 


32 


Leather-belt, leather-goods, etc., facto- 
ries" 


3,578 


3,274 


304 




L701 


229 


Shoe factories 


19 210 


14, 194 


5,016 


18,389 


13,647 


4,742 


Tanneries 


27 480 


26 703 


777 


16,809 


16,296 


513 


Trunk, suitcase, and bag factories " 
Lumber and furniture industries 


2,486 
320, 613 


2,269 
309,874 


217 
10,739 


972 
333,539 


890 
326,071 


82 
7,468 


Furniture factories 


35 272 


32,600 


2,672 


39,802 


38,321 


1,481 


Piano and organ factories 


5 321 


4 596 


725 


1,664 


1)566 


98 


Saw and planing mills 13 


245,683 


241,334 


4,349 


251, 741 


248,803 


2,938 


Other woodworking factories 


34,337 


31,344 


2,993 


40,332 


37,381 


2,951 


Paper, printing, and allied industries 
Blank-book, envelope, tag, paper-bag, 
etc , factories 


67,083 
3 455 


61,073 
2,646 


6,010 

809 


69,373 
3 926 


64,175 
3,072 


5,198 
854 


Paper and pulp mills 


52,263 


49,786 


2,477 


52,038 


49, 677 


2,361 


Paper-box factories 


3 384 


2,401 


983 


2,587 


1>86 


601 


Printing, publishing, and engraving 
Textile industries- 
Cotton mills 


7,981 
76 315 


6,240 
59 646 


1,741 
16 669 


10,822 
55 519 


9,440 
46,439 


1,382 
9,080 


Knitting mills 


11 943 


6 603 


5 340 


9 412 


5 884 


3,528 


Silk mills 


10,080 


7,350 


2,730 


11,078 


8,920 


2,158 


Textile dyeing, finishing, and printing 
mills 


10,605 


9,885 


720 


7,571 


7,257 


3H 


Woolen and worsted mills..- 


22.227 


18.238 


3.989 


13.753 


11,955 


1.798 



Not otherwise specified. 
o Includes tin-plate mills. 
U Includes iron foundries. 



Automobile repair shops included in " Other iron and steel factories", 
n Includes box factories (wood). 
" See note 12, p, 58. 



60 



POPULATION OCCUPATIONS 



No. 49. GAINFUL WORKERS 10 YEARS OLD AND OVER: BY OCCUPATION AND 
SEX, CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES Continued 







1930 






1930 






Total 


Male 


Female 


Total 


Male 


Female 


Manufacturing, etc. Continued. 
Laborers (n. o. s. 6 ) Continued. 
Textile industries Continued. 
Other textile mills 


" 22, 140 


" 18, 619 


" 3, 521 


23, 199 


20, 320 


2,879 


Carpet mills. 


3,953 


3,378 


575 


4,828 


4,236 


592 


TTp.mp, jiit.fi, anr| 1ir)p.n mjll<? 


1 712 


1 474 


238 


961 


863 


98 


Lace and embroidery mills 


944 


677 


267 


569 


444 


125 


Rope and cordage factories 


4,268 


3,805 


463 


2,921 


2,632 


289 


Sail, awning, and tent factories 


283 


237 


46 


721 


661 


60 


Other and not specified textile mills- 
Miscellaneous mfg. industries 18 


i* 10, 980 
19 399 988 


" 9, 048 
i 364, 244 


i* 1. 932 
19 35, 744 


13,199 
322, 696 


11. 484 
298, 609 


1,715 

24,087 


Broom and brush factories 


2,800 


2,407 


393 


2587 


2,370 


217 


Button factories 


1,407 


1,093 


314 


1,129 


940 


189 


Electric light and power plants 


15 417 


15, 255 


162 


35 665 


35, 650 


15 


Electrical machinery and supply fac- 
tories 


26 789 


23, 562 


3,227 


36,885 


33, 345 


3,540 


Rubber factories 


51, 467 


47, 515 


3,952 


29,123 


25, 980 


3,143 


Straw factories 


577 


513 


64 


148 


136 


12 


Turpentine farms and distilleries 18 
Other and not specified mfg. industries. 

Transportation and communication 


25, 830 
i 275, 701 

3, 096, 829 


25, 395 

19 248, 504 

2, 872, 559 


435 
is 27, 197 

224, 270 


37,620 
179, 539 

3, 843, 147 


37, 313 

162, 875 

3, 561, 943 


307 
16, 664 
281, 204 


Water transportation: 20 
Boatmen, canal men, and lock keepers 
Captains, masters, mates, and pilots 


6,319 
26,320 


6,286 
26, 318 


3S 


5,643 
24, 485 


5,603 
24,482 


40 
3 


Longshoremen and stevedores- 


85,928 


85, 605 


323 


73, 954 


73, 944 


10 


Sailors and deck hands 


54,832 


54 800 


32 


64,700 


64,692 


8 


Road and street transportation: J0 
Bus conductors 


(21) 


(21) 


(21) 


1,002 


1,002 




Chauffeurs and truck and tractor driv- 
ers 22 


285,045 


284,096 


949 


972, 418 


970, 916 


1,502 


Draymen, teamsters, and carriage driv- 
ers 22. 23 


420 189 


419 450 


739 


111 224 


111 178 


46 


Garage owners, managers, and officials. -- 
Garage laborers 


42, 151 
31 450 


41, 944 
31 339 


207 
111 


69, 965 
66 693 


69,543 
66 536 


422 
157 


Hostlers and stable hands. 


18, 976 


18, 973 




6,654 


6,654 




Laborers, truck, transfer, and cab com- 
panies 


(24) 


(24) 


(34) 


40 970 


40 920 


50 


Laborers, road, street, etc., building and 
repairing 


115 836 


115 673 


163 


290 354 


290 308 


46 


Laborers, street cleaning ..._ 


11,196 


11, 192 


4 


16, 673 


16, 672 


1 


Owners, managers, and officials, truck, 
transfer, and cab companies 


23, 497 


23,231 


266 


41,084 


40,508 


576 


Railroad transportation: 
Baggagemen and freight agents 
Boiler washers and engine hostlers 


16, 819 
25 305 


16, 789 
25 271 


30 
34 


16, 377 
18 300 


16, 361 
18 300 


16 


Brakemen, steam railroad 


114, 107 


114, 107 




88,197 


88, 197 




Conductors, steam railroad 


74 539 


74,539 




73, 332 


73, 332 




Conductors, street railroad . 


63, 760 


63, 507 


253 


35, 697 


35, 680 


17 


Foremen and overseers 


79 294 


79, 216 


78 


79, 737 


79, 682 


55 


Steam railroad 


73 046 


72 980 


66 


73 910 


73 860 


50 


Street railroad 


6,248 


6,236 


12 


5,827 


5,822 


5 


Laborers (includes construction laborers). 
Steam railroad 


495, 713 
470, 199 


488,659 
463, 613 


7,054 
6,586 


462, 474 
435, 058 


459, 090 
431, 947 


3,384 
3,111 


Street railroad 


25 514 


25,046 


468 


27, 416 


27, 143 


273 


Locomotive engineers 8S 


109 899 


109 899 




101, 201 


101, 201 




Locomotive firemen " . 


91, 345 


91, 345 




67,096 


67,096 




Motormen.. .. _ 


66 519 


66, 499 


20 


60, 723 


60, 718 


5 


Steam railroad 


3 560 


3 560 




2 754 


2,754 




Street railroad . . 


62, 959 


62, 939 


20 


57,969 


57,964 


5 


Officials and superintendents 


35,881 


35, 830 


51 


37, 989 


37,963 


26 


Steam railroad 


32 426 


32 385 


41 


34 380 


34,359 


21 


Street railroad 


3,455 


3,445 


10 


3,609 


3,604 


5 


Switchmen, flagmen, and yardmen 


111,565 


111,000 


565 


102, 773 


102, 484 


289 


Switchmen and flagmen, steam railroad- 
Switchmen and flagmen, street railroad 


101, 917 
2,500 


101, 359 
2,496 


558 
4 


92, 217 
2,608 


91,928 
2,608 


289 


Yardmen, steam railroad 


7,148 


7 145 


3 


7,948 


7,948 




Ticket and station agents. .. 


26.585 


24.324 


2.261 


27. 160 


25. 370 


1,790 



Not otherwise specified. See note 8, p. 57 and note 15, p. 58. 18 See note 5, p. 56. 

See note 15, p. 58. 20 Selected occupations. 21 Not classified separately in 1920. 

22 Neither in 1920 nor in 1930 was the attempt to distinguish chauffeurs and motor truck drivers from 
draymen, teamsters, and carriage drivers very successful. 

23 Teamsters in agriculture, forestry, and the extraction of minerals are classified with the other workers 
in those industries, respectively; drivers for bakeries and stores are classified as deliverymen in trade, and 
drivers for laundries are classified as deliverymen in domestic and personal service. 

2* Included with "Draymen, teamsters, and expressmen" in 1920. 

28 Because of indefinite returns by census enumerators, it is probable that some stationary engineers 
were included with locomotive engineers, and some firemen of stationary boilers with locomotive firemen. 



POPULATION OCCUPATIONS 



61 



No. 49. GAINFUL WORKERS 10 YEARS OLD AND OVER: BY OCCUPATION AND 

SEX, CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES Continued 







1920 






1930 






Total 


Male 


Female 


Total 


Male 


Female 


Transportation, etc. Continued. 
Express, post, radio, telegraph, and tele- 
phone :* 
Agents express companies 


5,293 


5,193 


100 


4,176 


4,102 


74 


Express messengers and railway mail 
clerks - 


25,005 


24,996 


9 


25,608 


25,600 


8 


Express messengers 


9,138 


9 129 


9 


8 211 


8,207 


4 


Railway mail clerks 


15 867 


15 867 




17 397 


17 393 


4 


Mail carriers 


91, 451 


90 131 


1 320 


121,333 


120,204 


1 129 


Postmasters 26 


31 935 


20 727 


11 208 


34,421 


20,818 


13 603 


Radio operators . 


(?) 


(27) 


C 7 ) 


4,955 


4,909 


46 


Telegraph and telephone linemen 


37, 917 


37 905 


12 


71 625 


71 624 


1 


Telegraph messengers 


9,403 


8,969 


434 


16, 176 


15,997 


179 


Telegraph operators 


* 79, 434 


17 62, 574 


17 16,860 


67, 821 


51,699 


16, 122 


Telephone operators 


190, 160 


11 781 


178 379 


248,884 


13,625 


235,259 


Other transportation and communication: 
Apprentices, steam railroad, telegraph 
and telephone, and other transporta- 
tion, etc . . . 


(") 


(W) 


(M) 


6, 151 


6.097 


54 


Aviators 29 


1,312 


1 304 


' 8 


6 097 


6 031 


66 


Foremen and overseers (n. o. s. 6 ) 


29,863 


29,824 


39 


52,135 


52,061 


74 


Air transportation 


(") 


(ii) 


(21) 


181 


181 




Garages, greasing stations, and auto- 
mobile laundries 


(30) 


(30) 


(W) 


6,652 


6,660 


2 


Road, street, etc., building and repair- 
ing. _ 


9,558 


9,557 


1 


23,250 


23,249 


1 


Telegraph and telephone 


6 822 


6,797 


25 


11, 172 


11, 112 


60 


Other transp. and communication 


so 13, 483 


*> 13, 470 


*>13 


10,880 


10,869 


11 


Inspectors 


50,233 


49,848 


385 


52, 120 


50,965 


1,155 


Steam railroad 


42,721 


42 675 


46 


39 079 


39,066 


13 


Street railroad 


3,451 


3,445 


6 


3,330 


3,325 


5 


Telegraph and telephone 


2,821 


2,491 


330 


4,173 


3,040 


1,133 


Other transp. and communication 


1,240 


1,237 


3 


5,538 


5,534 


' 4 


Laborers (n. o. s. 6 ) 


33,432 


33,229 


203 


51,063 


50,998 


65 


Air transportation 


(21) 


(21) 


(") 


1,609 


1,602 


7 


Express companies 


9,089 


9,067 


22 


7,086 


7,085 


1 


Pipe lines 


7,369 


7,362 


7 


13,704 


13,700 


4 


Telegraph and telephone 


5,088 


5,011 


77 


12,674 


12,647 


27 


Water transportation 


5,966 


5,963 


3 


11,329 


11,327 


2 


Other transp. and communication 

Proprietors, managers, and officials 
(n. o. s. 6 ) 


5,920 
30, 197 


5,826 
29,552 


94 
645 


4,661 
37,990 


4,637 
34,987 


24 
3,003 


Air transportation 


(21) 


() 


(21) 


1 090 


1,085 




Telegraph and telephone 


11,603 


11,059 


544 


18,957 


16,084 


2,873 


Other transp. and communication 


18 594 


18, 493 


101 


17,943 


17, 818 


125 


Other occupations 


48,124 


46,634 


1,490 


85,717 


83,794 


1,923 


Road, street, etc., building and repair- 
ing 


4,435 


4,331 


104 


8,565 


8,524 


41 


Steam railroad 


28,621 


27,916 


705 


42,619 


42,011 


608 


Street railroad 


9,259 


9,088 


171 


13, 375 


13,242 


133 


Other transp. and communication 


5,809 


5,299 


510 


21,158 


20,017 


L141 


Trade. 


4, 257. 684 


3, 585, 701 


671, 983 


6, 081, 467 


5, 118, 787 


962,680 


Advertising agents 


(31) 


(31) 


(31) 


49 020 


43,364 


5,656 


Apprentices, wholesale and retail trade 
Bankers, brokers, and money lenders 


() 

161 613 


M 

156,309 


(2S) 

5,304 


2,444 
221,504 


2,337 
212, 312 


'107 
9,192 


Bankers and bank officials 


82, 375 


78, 149 


4,226 


93,356 


87,429 


5,927 


Commercial brokers and commission men. 
Loan brokers and pawnbrokers 


27,552 
5 473 


27,358 
5,321 


194 
152 


13^562 


23,352 
12,930 


286 
632 


Stock brokers 


29 609 


29 233 


376 




69 157 


1,793 


Brokers not specified and promoters 
"Clerks" in stores 


16,604 
413 918 


16,248 
243 521 


356 
170 397 


19^998 
401,991 


19,444 
238,844 


554 
163, 147 


Commercial travelers 


179 320 


176 514 


2 806 


223 732 


219 790 


3 942 


Decorators, drapers, and window dressers. . 
Deliverymen, bakeries and stores 33 


8,853 
170 235 


7,698 
M 170 039 


1,155 
" 196 


20,149 
159,444 


13, 911 
159, 328 


6,238 
116 


Floorwalkers and foremen in stores.. 


20,604 


16,565 


4,039 


32,564 


27,928 


4,636 


Foremen, warehouses, stockyards, etc 


5,833 


5,802 


31 


5,599 


5,440 


159 



20 Selected occupations. 
Public service" in 1920. 



Not classified separately in 1920. 



6 Not otherwise specified. 

6 Postmasters were classified in 

27 Radio and wireless operators were included with telegraph operators in 1920. 28 See Note 4, p. 56. 
w Aviators, designated "Aeronauts" and classified in "Other professional pursuits" in 1920, were trans- 
ferred to "Transportation and communication" in 1930. 

30 Foremen in garages, greasing stations, etc., included in " Other transportation and communication." 

31 Classified in 1920 in the group "Agents" in "Clerical occupations." 

* 2 Group more strictly confined in 1930 than in 1920 to persons specifically returned as " Clerks in stores." 
33 Some deliverymen probably returned and classified as chauffeurs, others as teamsters or truck drivers. 
3 * Includes deliverymen for laundries classified in "Domestic and personal service" in 1930. 



62 



POPULATION OCCUPATIONS 



No. 49. GAINFUL WORKERS 10 YEARS OLD AND OVER: BY OCCUPATION AND 
SEX, CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES Continued 



Occupation 


1920 


1930 


Total 


Male 


Female 


Total 


Male 


Female 


Trade Continued 
Inspectors, gangers, and samplers 


13, 714 
134, 978 
119, 918 
15,060 
125, 609 
68,543 
11,312 
22,888 
22. 866 

(21) 

125, 007 
27, 961 
34, 776 
3,026 

(35) 

8,858 
6,353 
16, 539 
149, 135 

(21) 
(21) 

1, 328, 275 
28,768 
25, 369 

48,309 
40,091 
19, 141 
26, 556 
11, 752 
133, 106 
80, 157 
5,968 
9,309 

202, 444 
27, 145 

(38) 

80,026 
239, 236 
48, 933 
50,402 
8,203 
21, 433 
24, 773 
27,687 
12, 632 
38 91, 107 
65, 728 

1, 192, 199 
5,048 
14,705 
4,823 
41, 841 
1, 125, 782 
24, 469 
73, 574 

67, 611 

(40) 

i*5 

(40) 

8,074 

22,884 

[ 36, 653 
738, 525 


12,683 
129, 589 
114,835 
14, 754 
124, 713 
68,454 
11,244 
22,859 
22,156 

(21) 

116,602 
27, 635 

33, 715 
2,357 

(35). 

8,836 
6,310 
16, 212 
139,927 

(21) 
(21) 

1, 249, 295 
28, 626 
23,028 

48,228 
32, 368 
18, 031 
26,057 
10,800 
121, 379 
76,995 
4,899 
9,212 

196,838 
26, 453 

(38) 

76, 317 
216, 059 
48, 213 
48, 493 
8,166 
20, 652 
24, 581 
27, 589 
11, 743 
38 85, 085 
59, 483 

826, 866 
5,045 
10, 514 
1,639 
40, 207 
769, 461 
23, 342 
72, 780 

52,106 

g 

(40) 

4,988 
22,804 

24,314 
727, 939 


1,031 

5,389 
5,083 
306 
896 
89 
68 
29 
710 

(21) 

8,405 
326 

1,061 

669 

rt 

43 
327 
9,208 

(21) 
(21) 

78, 980 
142 
2,341 

81 
7,723 
1,110 
499 
952 
11, 727 
3,162 
1,069 
97 

5,606 
692 

(38) 

3,709 
23, 177 
720 
1,909 
37 
781 
192 
98 
889 
38 6, 022 
6,245 

365, 333 

4,191 
3,184 
1,634 
356, 321 
1,127 
794 

15,505 

(40) 
(40) 
(40) 

3,086 
80 

12,339 
10, 586 


16, 743 
286, 235 
256, 927 
29,308 
113, 669 
73,232 
9,212 
8,735 
18, -699 
3,791 
208,688 
38,993 

45, 305 
3,765 
10, 539 
9,505 
7,389 
14, 107 
240, 030 
5,603 
234, 427 

1, 703, 522 
61, 507 
36, 503 

41, 784 
62, 210 
19, 952 
29, 876 
19, 361 
148, 837 
104, 727 
10,464 
9,887 

239, 436 
35,884 
89, 190 
81, 187 
313, 086 
52, 138 
56, 610 
19, 648 
23, 864 
27, 478 
34, 070 
14, 385 
113,061 
58, 377 

2, 069, 003 
4,281 
63, 769 
7,533 
5,088 
1, 988, 332 
34, 132 
83, 525 

125, 175 
5,853 
1,611 
5,248 

9,926 
45,108 
f 52, 367 
1 5,062 

856, 205 


10, 923 
271, 530 
243, 974 
27,556 
113,027 
73, 211 
9,141 
8,733 
18, 205 
3,737 
199, 296 
38, 576 

42, 201 
2,425 
9,771 
9,484 
7,327 
13, 194 
208, 243 
5,124 
203, 119 

1, 593, 356 
60, 991 
32,909 

41,684 
51, 766 
19,044 
29, 225 
17, 751 
129, 486 
100, 123 
9,035 
9,781 

233, 166 
34, 019 
87,095 
76, Oil 
284, Oil 
51, 216 
54, 820 
19, 572 
22, 976 
27, 166 
33,903 
13, 769 
101, 377 
52, 460 

1, 508, 283 
4,277 
51, 956 
1,793 
4,571 
1, 445, 686 
32, 192 
81, 837 

96,069 
5,453 
1,202 
3,520 

3,784 
45, 025 
32, 870 
4,215 

838, 622 


5,820 
14, 705 
12, 953 
1,752 
642 
21 
71 
2 
494 
54 
9,392 
417 

3,104 
1,340 
768 
21 
62 
913 
31, 787 
479 
31,308 

110, 166 
516 
3, 594 

100 
10, 444 
908 
651 
1,610 
19, 351 
4,604 
1,429 
106 

6,270 
1, 865 
2,095 
5,176 
29, 075 
922 
1,790 
76 
888 
312 
167 
616 
11,684 
5,917 

560, 720 
4 
11,813 
5,740 
517 
542, 646 
1,940 
1,688 

29,106 
400 
409 
1,728 

6,142 
83 
19, 497 
847 

17, 583 


Insurance agents, managers, and officials 
Insurance agents 


Managers and officials, insurance cos .. 


Laborers in coal and lumber yards, etc 
Coal yards and lumber yards 


Grain elevators _ __ 


Stockyards 


Warehouses 


Other and not specified trade 


Laborers, porters, and helpers in stores 
Newsboys . 


Proprietors, managers, and officials (n. o. s. 6 ) 
Employment office keepers 


Proprietors, etc., advertising agencies 
Proprietors, etc., grain elevators 


Proprietors, etc , warehouses 


Other proprietors, managers, and officials- 
Real estate agents and officials 


Managers and officials, real estate cos__. 
Real estate agents. . 


Retail dealers 3 


Automobiles and accessories 


Books, music, news, and stationery 


Buyers and shippers of livestock and 

nthfir ferm prnd nnt.s 


Candy and confectionery 


Cigars and tobacco 


Coal and wood 


Department stores.. _ . . 


Dry goods, clothing, and boots and shoes. _ 
Drugs and medicines 37 


Five and ten cent and variety stores __ __ 


Flour and feed 


Food (except groceries and hucksters' 
goods) 


Furniture, carpets, and rugs 


Gasoline and oil filling stations . . 


General stores 


Groceries 


Hardware, implements, and wagons 


Hucksters and peddlers 


Ice 


Jewelry 


Junk and rags 


Lumber _ 


Opticians 


Other specified dealers. __ 


Not specified dealers 


Salesmen and saleswomen 


Auctioneers. 


Canvassers 39 


Demonstrators _. 


Sales agents. _. 


Salesmen and saleswomen 


Undertakers 


Wholesale dealers, importers, and exporters. 
Other pursuits in trade _ 


Advertising agencies. 


Grain elevators 


Warehouses and cold storage plants 


Wholesale trade, and retail trade (except 
automobile) : 
Fruit and vegetable graders and pack- 
ers.. . . 


Meat cutters 


Other occupations.. 


Other trade industries 


Public service (not elsewhere classified). 
Firemen, fire department 


50, 771 
115,553 
106, 915 

d separate 


50, 771 
115, 154 
105,385 

ly in 1920. 




73,008 
148, 115 
157, OlOl 

ded in "O 


73,008 
147, 115 
155, 903 

iher propr 




Guards, watchmen, and doorkeepers.. 


35 Inch 


1,000 
1,107 

etors." 


Laborers, public service.. 


Not otherwise specified. Not classifie 



3" Includes managers and superintendents of retail stores. 37 Including druggists and pharmacists. 

! "Retail dealers, gasoline and oil filling stations" included in "Other specified retail dealers" in 1920. 

9 Canvassers, classified in "Clerical occupations" in 1920, were transferred to "Trade" in 1930. 
Included in the group "Other occupations" in 1920. 



POPULATION OCCUPATIONS 



63 



No. 49. GAINFUL WORKERS 10 YEARS OLD AND OVER: BY OCCUPATION AND 
SEX, CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES Continued 



Occupation 


1920 


1930 


Total 


Male 


Female 


Total 


Male 


Female 


Public Service Continued. 
Marshals sheriffs detectives etc 


32, 214 
11,956 
6,897 
2,679 
10,683 
33,505 
22,092 
9,126 
39,273 
82,120 
225,503 
21,453 

2,171,251 


30,968 
11,562 
6,880 
1,899 
10,627 
31,918 
18,830 
8,596 
38,621 
81,884 
225,503 
20,309 

1,164,221 


L246 
393 
17 
780 
56 
1,587 
3,262 
530 
652 
236 


4L823 
12,865 
9,350 
4,270 
15,338 
48,309 
30,086 
15,236 
36,464 
131, 687 
132,830 
41,637 

3, 253, 884 


39,247 
12,180 
9,288 
2,715 
15,064 
45,200 
24,231 
14,256 
35,625 
130,838 
132,830 
40,369 

1, 727, 650 


2,576 
685 
62 
1,555 
274 
3,109 
5,855 
980 
839 
849 


Detectives 


Marshals and constables _ 


Probation and truant officers 


Sheriffs - 


Officials and inspectors (city) - - 


Officials and inspectors (county) 


Officials and inspectors (State) 


Officials and inspectors (United States) __ 
Policemen 


Soldiers c ailors and marines 4J 


Other public service pursuits . 


1,144 
1,017,030 


L268 
1.526,234 


Professional service 


Actors 


28,36L 
19, 811 
18,185 
35,402 
6,668 
34,197 
32,941 
127,270 
33,407 
56,152 

15, 410 
52,865 
2,376 
122, 519 
130,265 
5,030 
34,259 
144,977 
9,711 
752,055 

136, 121 
64,660 
27,077 
37,689 
6,695 
149,128 
13,494 

8 

A 6 r 

18,409 
( 7 ) 
10, 071 
3,777 

(28) 

24,897 

(50) 
(51) 

>14,774 
12,884 

3,360 
11,736 

(52) 

41, 078 

18, 395 


15,124 
18,694 
18,048 
20,785 
3,662 
28,467 
31,227 
125, 483 
23,332 
54,323 

9,758 
50,880 
2,349 
120, 781 
57,587 
3,367 
27,140 
137, 758 
5,677 
116,848 

136,080 
64,642 
27,065 
37, 678 
6,695 
5,464 
13, 493 

( 47 ) 
O 7 ) 
1,795 
() 

12,646 
( 7 ) 
8,588 
3,479 

(2) 

24,655 

(50) 
(51) 

6,872 
7,953 

3,163 
9,574 

(52) 

14, 151 
17, 138 


13,237 
1,117 
137 
14,617 
3,006 
5,730 
1,714 
1,787 
10,075 
1,829 

5,652 
1,985 
27 
1,738 
72,678 
1,663 
7,119 
7,219 
4,034 
635,207 

41 
18 
12 
11 


37,993 
37,303 
22,000 
57,265 
12, 449 
51,844 
47,068 
148, 848 
61,905 
71,055 

20,508 
79,922 
2,300 
160,605 
165,128 
6,117 
39,529 
153,803 
18,599 
1, 044, 016 

226,249 
102, 086 
57,837 
54,356 
11, 970 
294,189 
11,863 

114, 393 
5,597 
29,613 
31,241 
47,942 

198, 549 
11,756 

2,656 
3,935 

29,129 
11,916 

1,923 
17,640 

15,020 

10, 718 
14,515 

1,819 
31,290 
19,723 


18, 703 
35,808 
21, 621 
35, 621 
7,002 
39,920 
45,163 
145, 572 
41, 774 
69,768 

12,780 
78,459 
2,279 
157,220 
85,517 
4,554 
31,163 
146, 978 
12,288 
190,049 

226, 136 
102, 057 
57, 775 
54,338 
11,966 
5,452 
11,852 

43,847 
4,500 
2,557 
6,649 
30,141 

143, 365 
9,848 

2,436 
3,861 

28,819 
9,203 

1,888 
7,866 

9,468 

9,741 
11, 513 

1,639 
11, 339 
18,691 


19,290 
1,495 
379 
21,644 
5,447 
11,924 
1,905 
3,276 
20,131 
1,287 

7,728 
1,463 
21 
3,385 
79,611 
L563 
8,366 
6,825 
6,311 
853,967 

113 
29 
62 
18 
4 
288,737 
11 

70,546 
1,097 
27,056 
24,592 
17,801 

55,184 
1,908 

220 

74 

310 
2,713 

35 
9,774 

5,552 

977 
3,002 

180 
19,951 
1,032 


Showmen 


Architects - 


Artists, sculptors, and teachers of art 


Authors 


Editors and reporters 


Chemists, assayers, and metallurgists 


Clergvmen 


College presidents and professors 43 


Dentists 


Designers . . 


Draftsmen 


Inventors 


Lawyers, judges, and justices _ 


Musicians and teachers of music 


Osteopaths 


Photographers ._ 


Physicians and surgeons 


Teachers (athletics dancing, etc ) 


Teachers (school). 


Technical engineers 


Civil engineers and surveyors 


Electrical engineers __ 


Mechanical engineers ** 


Mining engineers 45 


Trained nurses 


143,664 
1 

(< 7 ) 
( 47 ) 
13,502 

(48) 

5,763 
( 7 ) 
1,483 
298 

(28) 

242 

(50) 
(51) 

>7,902 
4,931 

197 
2,162 

(52) 

26, 927 

si 1, 257 


Veterinary surgeons 


Other professional pursuits * 


County agents, farm demonstrators, etc.- 
Librarians 


Social and welfare workers 


Other occupations 


Semiprofessional and recreational pursuits. . 
Abstracters, notaries, and justices of 
peace 


Architects', designers', and draftsmen's 
apprentices 2S _ . 


Apprentices to other professional persons- 
Billiard room, dance hall, skating rink, 
etc., keepers 49 . ... _- 


Chiropractors 


Directors, managers, and officials, motion 
picture production _ . 


Healers (not elsewhere classified) 


Keepers of charitable and penal institu- 
tions _ 


Keepers of pleasure resorts, race tracks, 
etc 


Officials of lodges, societies, etc.. 


Radio announcers, directors, managers, 
and officials 


Religious workers 


Theatrical owners, managers, and officials . 



7 Comparable figures for 1920 not available. 

41 In 1920 this group included ' ' Postmasters," 

42 Includes only those resident in continental 



28 See note 4, p. 56. 

' classified in ' ' Transportation and communication " in 1930. 

42 Includes only those resident in continental United States at date of enumeration. 
Probably includes some teachers in schools below collegiate rank. 
44 Includes, also, all technical engineers not elsewhere classified. 
46 Includes, also, chemical and metallurgical engineers. 4 * See note 29, p. 61. 
47 "County agents, farm demonstrators etc.," included with "Agents" in"Clerical occupations." 
** "Social and welfare workers" included with "Religious workers" in "Semiprofessional pursuits." 
Classified in ' ' Domestic and personal service" in 1920, transferred to ' ' Professional service" in 1930. 
*> Chiropractors were included in "Healers (except osteopaths and physicians and surgeons) " in 1920. 
i " Directors, managers, and officials, motion picture production " were included in the group ' ' Theatrical 
owners, managers, and officials" in 1920. M Not shown prior to 1930. 

150214 38 6 



64 



POPULATION OCCUPATIONS 



No. 49. GAINFUL WORKERS 10 YEARS OLD AND OVER: BY OCCUPATION 
AND SEX, CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES Continued 



OCCUPATION 


1920 


1930 


Total 


Male 


Female 


Total 


Male 


Female 


Professional service Continued. 

Semiprofessional, etc., pursuits Contd. 
Technicians and laboratory assistants 
Other occupations 


(M) 

4,257 
( 7 > 

(M) 

6,708 

(56) 

7,051 
5,803 
5,221 
6,929 

3, 379, 995 


(83) 

3,187 
7 ) 

(") 

1,768 

g 

(M) MI 

5,377 
2,868 
4,039 

1,193,813 


( M ) 
1.070 

e 

(64) 

4,940 

| 

() 

6,410 
426 
2,353 
2,890 

2, 186, 682 


15.988 
10, 521 
170, 384 

16, 168 
13, 715 
2,213 
25, 883 
29,893 
14,042 
4,274 
12, 461 
52, 235 

4, 952, 451 


8,288 
8,765 
114, 759 

16,047 
770 
1,234 
23,762 
29, 458 
689 
4,099 
9,308 
29, 392 

1, 772, 200 


7,700 
1,756 
65, 625 

121 
12, 945 
979 
1,621 
435 
13, 353 
175 
3,153 
22, 843 

3, 180, 251 


Attendants and helpers __ 


Attendants, pool rooms, bowling alleys, 
golf clubs, etc 


Dentists' assistants and attendants 


Helpers, motion-picture production 


Laborers, professional service. . 


Laborers, recreation and amusement 


Physicians' and surgeons' attendants 
Stage hands and circus helpers 


Theater ushers 


Other attendants and helpers 


Domestic and personal service 


Barbers, hairdressers, and manicurists 


216, 211 
133, 392 
15, 175 
36, 803 

21, 667 

1 
8 

40, 713 
55,583 
221, 612 
178, 628 
6 32, 893 
396, 756 
13,692 
120, 715 

(59) 

3,611 
13, 107 
103, 997 
4,773 


182, 965 
18, 652 
15, 142 
11, 848 

17,094 

g 

( 21 ) 

(21) 

33, 376 
41, 449 
17,262 
149, 590 
6 31, 224 
10,882 
12, 239 
39, 968 

(69) 

2,076 
6,570 
31,322 


33, 246 
114, 740 
33 
24,955 

4,573 
() 

(21) 
(21) 
(21) 

7,337 
14, 134 
204,350 
29,038 
6 1, 669 
385, 874 
1,453 
80, 747 

(59) 

1, 535 
6,537 
72, 675 
4,773 
132, 658 
485 

279 

27 

179 
15, 644 

268, 618 
o 743, 515 
116, 921 
1,919 
44 
44 
1,831 

1,421,925 


374,290 
144, 371 
18,784 
61, 932 

88,118 
22,116 
819 
4,549 
60,634 
67, 614 
56, 848 
256, 746 
309, 625 
71, 687 
361, 033 
24,545 
240, 704 
20, 573 
6,337 
19,293 
194,501 
3,566 
153, 443 
127, 488 
f 57, 612 
I 7, 766 
27, 648 
34, 462 
165, 406 

565, 392 
1, 433, 741 
393, 288 
33, 830 
9,762 
6,219 
17, 849 

4, 025, 324 


261, 096 
17,093 
18, 747 
20,943 

66, 515 
19, 822 
470 
3,910 
42, 313 
55,255 
39, 538 
20,383 
273, 805 
67, 337 
4,565 
22, 482 
80,229 
20,558 
3,583 
11,001 
45, 087 


113, 194 
127, 278 
37 
40,989 

21, 603 
2, 294 
349 
639 
18, 321 
12, 359 
17, 310 
236, 363 
35,820 
4,350 
356, 468 
2,063 
160, 475 
15 
2,754 
8,292 
149, 414 
3,566 
139, 576 
52 
13 
16 
1 
22 
40,008 

371, 095 
1, 263, 864 
231, 973 
1,808 
57 
87 
1,664 

1, 986, 830 


Boarding and lodging house keepers 


Bootblacks ._ . . 


Charwomen and cleaners 


Cleaning, dyeing, and pressing shop work- 
ers 


Owners, managers, and officials 


Foremen and overseers 


Laborers 


Other operatives 


Elevator tenders 


Hotel keepers and managers 


Housekeepers and stewards 


Janitors and sextons 


Laborers, domestic and personal service 
Launderers and laundresses (not in laundry) 
Laundry owners, managers, and officials * 7 ~ 
Laundry operatives " 


Deliverymen 58 


Foremen and overseers .. 


Laborers 


Other operatives 


Midwives 


Nurses (not trained) 


151, 996 
88,168 

[ 43, 208 

22,513 
22,447 
87,987 

398, 475 
M 872, 471 
228,985 
63,300 
5,540 
7,332 
50,428 

8, 111, 836 


19, 338 
87, 683 

42,929 

22,486 
22,268 
72,343 

129, 857 
128, 956 
112,064 
61, 381 
5,496 
7,288 
48, 597 

1,689,911 


13,867 
127, 436 
57, 599 
7,750 
27,647 
34, 440 
125, 398 

194, 297 
169, 877 
161,315 
32,022 
9,705 
6,132 
16, 185 
2, 038, 494 


Porters (except in stores) 


Domestic and personal service 


Professional service 


Steam railroad 


Other porters (except in stores) 


Restaurant, cafe, and lunch-room keepers . . 
Servants: 
Cooks 


Other servants 


Waiters . 


Other pursuits 


Cemetery keepers _ 


Hunters, trappers, and guides 
Other occupations 


Clerical occupations w 


Agents, collectors, and credit men 


161, 067 
734,688 
118, 451 
616, 237 
1, 487, 905 
113,022 
615, 154 


149, 427 
375, 564 
105, 073 
270, 491 
1, 015, 742 
98,768 
50,410 


2 11,640 
359, 124 
13, 378 
345, 746 
472, 163 
14, 254 
564, 744 


196, 107 
930, 648 
191, 571 
739, 077 
1, 997, 000 
90,379 
811, 190 


182, 630 
447, 937 
174, 557 
273, 380 
1, 290, 447 
81, 430 
36,050 


13, 477 
482,711 
17, 014 
465, 697 
706, 553 
8,949 
775, 14Q 


Bookkeepers, cashiers, and accountants 
Accountants and auditors 


Bookkeepers and cashiers 


Clerks (except "clerks" in stores) 


Messenger, errand, and office boys and girls 93 
Stenographers and typists 





7 Comparable figures for 1920 not available. 2I Not classified separately in 1920. 

M Largely distributed among three groups "Semiskilled operatives, other chemical factories"; "Other 
occupations" under "Semiprofessional pursuits" and "Other clerks" under "Clerical occupations." 

M Included in 1920 in "Other servants" in "Domestic and personal service." 

M Included in "Operatives, other and not specified manufacturing industries," p. 58. 
'"Laborers, professional service"; "Laborers, recreation and amusement"; and " Laborers, domestic 
and personal service" comprised the 1920 group "Laborers, domestic and professional service." 

47 Some owners of hand laundries probably are included with laundry operatives. 

" Some deliverymen probably returned as chauffeurs. S9 Included with "Deliverymen" in "Trade.'' 

90 "Attendants, pool rooms, bowling alleys, golf clubs, etc.," classified in "Professional service" in 1930, 
formed a part of tne 1920 group " Bell boys, chore boys, etc.," which was a subgroup of the group "Servants." 

81 See note 39, p. 62, and note 62 below. 

62 "Advertising agents" classified in "Trade" in 1920 and "County agents, farm demonstrators, etc.," 
classified in "Professional service" in 1930, included with "Agents" in "Clerical occupations" in 1920. 
Canvassers, classified in " Clerical occupations " in 1920, were transferred to " Trade " in 1930. 

M Except telegraph messengers. 

Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce, 



POPULATION ENGAGED IN GAINFUL OCCUPATIONS 



65 



No. 50. PERSONS 10 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER GAINFULLY OCCUPIED: 

BY STATES 

NOTE. The percentages represent the proportion which persons occupied form of the total population 
of the given sex 10 years of age and over 



Division and State 


Males 


Females 


Number 


Per cent 


Number 


Percent 


1920 


1930 


1920 


1930 


1920 


1930 


1920 


1930 


Continental 
United States.. . 

New England 


33, 064, 737 


88, 077, 804 


78.2 


76.2 


8, 549, 511 


10, 752, 116 


21.1 


22.0 


2, 383, 377 
245, 013 
143, 525 
111, 585 
1, 225, 163 
194,438 
443,653 

7, 122, 699 
3, 367, 909 
1, 014, 663 
2, 740, 127 

6,951,808 
1, 891, 546 
931,647 
2,086,800 
1, 228, 631 
813,184 

8,815,681 
742,947 
717, 377 
1, 072, 545 
178, 754 
186,885 
385,292 
531,881 

4, 096, 041 
73, 122 
466,257 
143, 401 
677, 366 
433, 677 
693, 155 
468,601 
840,412 
300,050 

2,608,411 
719, 629 
677, 988 
684,348 
526, 446 

3, 049, 275 
518, 754 
628,507 
586,834 
1,415,180 

1, 077, 774 
185, 905 
135, 950 
72, 134 
303, 870 
107,090 
112,193 
127, 418 
33, 214 

1, 979, 671 
485, 767 
267, 791 
1,226,113 


2,489,486 
240,110 
142, 710 
112,806 
1, 285, 316 
209,343 
499,201 

8, 322, 037 
4, 108, 232 
1, 295, 594 
2,918,211 

8, 042, 907 
2, 076, 158 
1, 015, 761 
2, 469, 216 
1, 567, 525 
914, 247 

4, 106, 672 
791,833 
749, 313 
1, 158, 734 
204,090 
210,343 
417, 287 
575, 072 

4, 581, 790 
77,221 
515, 187 
155,028 
697,944 
488,254 
868,006 
480,976 
850,219 
448,955 

2, 908, 987 
760, 417 
763,062 
772, 281 
613, 177 

3, 656, 565 
548, 652 
624,196 
698,658 
1, 785, 059 

1, 159, 563 
184,205 
139,946 
79,709 
321, 874 
120,506 
135, 326 
141, 016 
36, 982 

2, 809, 847 
538,054 
328,503 
1,943,290 


80.4 
77.9 
79.2 
77.2 
80.9 
82.0 
81.0 

80.1 
80.4 
80.8 
79.5 

78.7 
79.4 
77.7 
78.8 
80.0 
75.8 

74.6 
75.3 
73.2 
77.4 
70.9 
72.2 
72.9 
73.8 

77.5 
79.7 
80.0 
82.6 
76.4 
76.0 
75.5 
77.6 
78.6 
77.7 

77.9 

77.1 
76.5 
79.5 
78.7 

76.2 
77.7 
77.2 
73-6 
76.6 

77.1 
78.9 
75.5 
81.7 
76.8 
74.5 
78.1 
74.0 
84.3 

79.8 
80.3 
78.1 
80.0 


75.8 
74.4 
75.2 
75.9 
75.8 
77.2 
76.0 

76.9 

78.1 
77.6 
75.1 

76.2 

75.6 
76.1 
76.8 
77.0 
74.6 

74.7 
74.1 
73.5 
77.5 
72.4 
73.1 
73.5 
74.0 

75.7 
77.1 
77.4 

78.4 
74.4 
72.5 
74.7 
76.4 
77.4 
76.1 

77.2 
75.1 
75.8 
78.1 
80.6 

76.2 

76.2 
77.4 
73.2 
77.0 

74.9 
76.6 
74.2 

78.8 
74.9 
73.3 
75.0 
71.2 
81.2 

77.6 
77.0 
77.6 
77.7 


871,015 
64,845 
49,302 
26,899 
503,155 
80,562 
146,252 

2.117,517 
1, 135, 295 
295,990 
686,232 

1,564,041 
409,970 
185,385 
540,938 
245,383 
182, 365 

772, 315 
164,066 
141, 321 
244,615 
28,328 
29,686 
71,789 
92,510 

1, 243, 953 
18,102 
137, 221 
92,626 
156, 210 
57,439 
202,697 
205, 656 
288,745 
85,262 

702, 483 
131, 493 
152,108 
223,868 
194,964 

666, 973 
115,810 
152, 726 
94,594 
303,843 

177, 220 
28,278 
17,509 
9,402 
62,587 
14,941 
18,386 
21,783 
4,334 

434, 089 
92,900 
54,492 
286,647 


941, 681 
68,493 
49,956 
28,397 
528,999 
87,829 
178,007 

2, 635, 509 
1, 415, 105 
416, 512 
803, 892 

2,065,414 
539,606 
235,304 
715,468 
359, 822 
215, 214 

946,165 
200,965 
163,522 
299,234 
36,213 
37, 310 
89,721 
119,200 

1,473,514 
20,883 
157, 692 
88,825 
182,267 
82,198 
272,965 
206,761 
311,939 
149,984 

827, 744 
146, 678 
195, 324 
254,014 
231,728 

861, 667 
119, 193 
191, 420 
129,346 
421,708 

235,250 
32,274 
22,286 
12, 739 
80,993 
22,101 
29,971 
28,984 
5,902 

765, 172 
126, 676 
81, 142 
557,354 


29.0 
21.1 
27.3 
19.2 
31.6 
32.7 
27.1 

24.1 

26.9 
23.9 
20.7 

18.9 
18.3 
16.0 
21.3 
18.1 
18.3 

16.2 

18.4 
15.2 
18.1 
13.0 
13.3 
14.8 
13.7 

23.8 
20.8 
23.8 
45.5 
18.1 
11.2 
21.9 
33.4 
26.7 
23.3 

21.1 
14.5 
17.2 
25.8 
29.1 

17.8 
18.2 
22.4 
13.2 
17.8 

15.2 
15.2 
12.0 
15.0 
17.8 
12.1 
16.4 
13.7 
17.7 

20.4 
18.7 
18.4 
21.4 


27.5 
21.4 
25.9 
19.9 
29.2 
30.4 
26.8 

24.5 
26.9 
25.1 
20.9 

20.4 
20.1 

iai 

22.9 
19.4 
18.7 

18.0 
19.9 
16.5 
20.1 
14.8 
14.6 
16.7 
16.1 

24.1 
21.6 
23.9 
40.1 
19.5 
13.1 
22.9 
31.2 
27.4 
25.7 

21.8 

14,8 
19.1 
25.1 
30.3 

18.6 
17.0 
23.5 
14.5 
18.9 

17.8 
16.7 
13.9 
16.4 
20.0 
14.7 
19.4 
15.4 
19.3 

23.2 
20.6 
21.3 
24.2 


Maine 


New Hampshire. __ 
Vermont 


Massachusetts . 


Rhode Island 


Connecticut 


Middle Atlantic 


New York 


New Jersey 


Pennsylvania 


East North Central... 
Ohio 


Indiana. 


Illinois 


Michigan 


Wisconsin 


West North Central 
Minnesota 


Iowa 


Missouri 


North Dakota 
South Dakota 
Nebraska 


Kansas 


South Atlantic 


Delaware 


Maryland 


Dist. of Columbia.. 
Virginia 


West Virginia ... 


North Carolina 
South Carolina 
Georgia . 


Florida 


East South Central 


Kentucky 


Tennessee - 


Alabama 


Mississippi. 


West South Central 


Arkansas 


Louisiana.. 


Oklahoma . . 


Texas 


Mountain 


Montana 


Idaho 


Wvoming 


Colorado 


New Mexico 


Arizona 


Utah 


Nevada 


Pacific 


Washington 


Oregon . . ... 


California 





Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 



66 POPULATION OCCUPATIONS 

No. 51. GAINFUL WORKERS 10 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER BY GEN 

Note. For total number of males and 



Division and State 


Male 


Agri- 
culture 


Forest 
ry and 
fishing 


Ex- 
trac- 
tion of 
min- 
erals 


Manufac 
turing 
and me- 
chanical 
industries 


Trans- 
porta- 
tion and 
commu- 
nication 


Trade 


Public 
service 
(not- 
else- 
where 
classi- 
fied) 


Profes- 
sional 
service 


Domes- 
tic and 
personal 
service 


Continental United 
States... 


9, 562, 059 


250, 140 


983, 564 


12,224,345 


3, 561, 943 


5,118,787 


838, 622 


1, 727, 650 


1, 772, 200 


New England 


206, 338 
49, 973 
21, 493 
37,234 
63,720 
8,607 
35, 311 

566, 058 
260,233 
61, 975 
243, 850 

1, 413, 202 
303, 582 
243, 947 
343, 746 
241,066 
280,861 

1, 652, 311 
294,294 
324, 072 
358, 243 
130, 818 
127, 584 
193, 334 
223,966 

1, 678, 088 
16, 737 
81,405 
1,058 
252, 339 
112, 767 
429, 303 
256, 039 
412,311 
115,929 

1, 492 053 


22,007 
9,103 
2,176 
749 
7,687 
1,065 
1,227 

13, 474 


6,601 
1,434 
519 
2,350 
1,435 
237 
626 

311,790 
9,119 
3,633 
299,038 

144, 609 
39, 374 
21, 095 
60,526 
20,380 
3,234 

58,120 
10, 735 
8,662 
16, 318 
1,088 
1,496 
570 
14, 251 

140, 392 


1, 175, 759 
95,266 
69, 375 
37, 105 
608, 316 
111, 631 
254,066 

3, 353, 133 

1, 568, 416 
580, 945 
1, 203, 772 

3, 237, 041 

889, 451 
383, 615 
910, 372 
730, 149 
323, 454 

898, 148 
185, 558 
158,321 
308, 142 
20, 751 
25, 935 
75,154 
122, 287 

1, 215, 490 
29,529 
188, 682 
41,866 
179,833 
122, 064 
221, 930 
114, 925 
189, 226 
127, 435 

551, 071 
141, 932 
169, 572 
163, 731 
75, 836 

707, 255 
77,126 
140, 086 
133, 925 
356, 118 

236, 104 
32, 398 
25, 419 
14, 792 
70, 761 
20,158 
30, 491 
34,268 
7,817 

852, 344 
176,909 
98,865 
576, 570 


232, 075 
24, 372 
13, 422 
10, 438 
126, 171 
17, 722 
39,950 

899, 336 
458, 713 
139, 348 
301, 275 

764, 512 
214, 320 
97,800 
255, 602 
124, 374 
72,416 

385, 735 
72, 685 
71, 415 
112, 360 
13, 782 
14, 179 
38,499 
62, 815 

875, 928 

8,590 
57,569 
16, 174 
67,483 
44,762 
48, 019 
28,285 
59,265 
45, 781 

211,844 
61,650 
62, 810 
52, 698 
34,686 

303, 355 
34,400 
64,846 
61, 457 
152, 652 

116, 122 
18, 119 
10, 751 
9,353 
32, 193 
12,638 
13, 274 
14, 114 
5,680 

273, 036 
66,326 
34, 030 
182,680 


368, 617 
27,923 
16, 371 
11,500 
210, 499 
30, 879 
71 445 


75, 897 
6,257 
3,006 
2,790 
42,528 
7,394 
13,922 

218, 847 
115, 927 
37, 576 
65,344 

155, 074 
38, 131 
16, 979 
51, 342 
34,864 
13,758 

66, 270 

13,501 
11,002 
19,546 
1,856 
2,723 
6,053 
11,589 

116. 136 
2,311 
19,601 
13, 165 
25, 431 
5,318 
11,520 
7,913 
18, 667 
12, 210 

33, 693 

10, 244 
9,802 
8,762 
4,885 

67,009 
4,633 
11,210 
12,158 
39,008 

24,604 
3,016 
1,620 
3,911 
6,438 
1,296 
4,794 
2,945 
584 

81,092 
15,715 
6,058 
59, 319 


124, 777 
8,971 
5,760 
3,898 
72,660 
9,189 
24,299 

459, 079 
252, 223 
75, 135 
131, 721 

874, 889 
100,568 
44, 276 
126, 233 
66, 315 
37, 497 

169, 337 

33, 788 
29,56] 
50,457 
6,854 
7,780 
17, 433 
23,464 

166, 993 
3,468 
25, 218 
16, 645 
23, 440 
18,560 
23,285 
11. 321 
23, 633 
21,423 

80, 129 

24, 339 
23, 747 
19, 153 
12,890 

126, 383 

14, 774 
18, 340 
28,391 
64,858 

53, 034 

6,588 
5,590 
2,978 
16, 646 
4,742 
7,044 
7,575 
1,871 

173, 049 
25,581 
15, 879 
131, 589 


125, 705 

8,853 
6,040 
3,416 
72, 361 
10, 645 
24,390 

497, 316 
314, 451 
68,866 
113,999 

352, 559 

86, 357 
37, 955 
137, 164 
62, 281 
28, 802 

155, 259 
30, 103 
23,649 
55,605 
4,737 
4, 940 
14,584 
21, 641 

180, 178 
3,147 
24,610 
16, 746 
25, 181 
13, 390 
27,672 
12,539 
29,763 
27,130 

87, 783 
23,167 
28,968 
21,530 
14, 118 

148, 155 
13,526 
27,066 
27, 344 
80,219 

46, 705 
6,082 
4,149 
2,906 
14,842 
4,242 
6,469 
4684 
2,331 

178, 540 
25,329 
14, 451 
138, 760 


Maine 


New Hampshire 


Vermont -. -_- 


Massachusetts 


Rhode Island 


C onnecticut 


Middle Atlantic _. 


1, 328, 792 
742 401 


New York . 


5,196 
2,845 
5,433 

25, 662 
2,213 
1,291 
2,387 
12,531 
7,240 

11,144 
6,040 
772 
3,751 
35 
217 
155 
174 

53,350 
354 
6,053 
56 
11, 349 
5,208 
8,996 
3,345 
5,164 
12,825 

19, 677 
2,170 
4,409 
5,460 
7,638 

28, 919 
6, 975 
13,350 
2,207 
6,387 

12, 455 
2,616 
5,470 
814 
1,249 
1,142 
809 
235 
120 

63,452 
31, 894 
18, 625 
12, 933 


New Jersey 


208, 593 
377, 798 

1, 109, 246 

285,560 
126, 616 
392, 334 
196, 085 
108, 651 

546, 327 
106,140 
99,154 
168,290 
19, 373 
21,490 
57, Oil 
74,869 

486 244 


Pennsylvania- _ 


East North Central 


Ohio 


Indiana 


Illinois 


Michigan 


Wisconsin . 


West North Central 


Minnesota 


Iowa 


Missouri 


North Dakota 


South Dakota 


Nebraska 


Kansas 


South Atlantic . - 


Delaware 


61 
5,023 
84 
16,003 
109,900 
2,739 
927 
3,414 
2,241 

108, 262 
61,756 
14, 594 
31, 403 
509 

90,424 
7,391 
7,072 
41,273 
34,688 

80,794 
14, 949 
5,577 
6,312 
17,483 
7,002 
13, 973 
10,506 
4,992 

47, 572 
5,710 
2,165 
39, 697 


8,916 
73, 341 
26,612 
71, 198 
41,709 
76,607 
37,506 
83,229 
67, 126 

252, 098 
69, 651 
79,554 
63,528 
39, 365 

418, 400 
43,800 
67, 191 

85, 852 
221, 557 

131, 691 
17,236 
13, 774 
6,542 
45, 533 
10, 059 
16, 771 
18, 146 
3,630 

477, 372 
75, 928 
45, 261 
356,183 


Maryland. 


District of Columbia. . 
Virginia 


West Virginia... 


North Carolina 


South Carolina 


Georgia .- 


Florida 


East South Central 


Kentucky 


342, 589 
346, 276 
388, 316 
414, 872 

1, 640, 003 
336, 356 
248,649 
293, 279 
761, 719 

415,486 
77,409 
64,112 
29,781 
101,990 
56,689 
36,511 
40,284 
8,710 

498, 520 
95), 374 
78, 769 
320, 377 


Tennessee 


Alabama. .. 


Mississippi . 


West South Central 


Arkansas 


Louisiana 


Oklahoma 


Texas- 


Mountain 


Montana 


Idaho 


Wyoming 


Colorado 


New Mexico 


Arizona . 


Utah 


Nevada 


Pacific 


Washington.. - . 


Oregon 


California 





Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 



POPULATION OCCUPATIONS 



67 



ERA! DIVISIONS OF OCCUPATIONS, BY SEX AND BY STATES, 1930 

females gainfully employed, see Table 50 



Male 
Contd. 


Female 


Clerical 
occupa- 
tions 


Agri- 
culture 


Forest- 
ry 
and 

fish- 
ing 


Ex- 

trac- 
ion of 
min- 
erals 


Manu- 
facturing 
and me- 
chanical 
indus- 
tries 


Trans- 
porta- 
tion 
and 
commu- 
nication 


Trade 


Public 
service 
(not 
else- 
where 
classi- 
fied) 


Profes- 
sional 
service 


Domes- 
tic and 
personal 
service 


Clerical 
occupa- 
tions 


Division 
and State 


2,088,494 


909,939 


329 


759 


1, 886, 307 


281,204 


962, 680 


17,583 


1, 526, 234 


3, 180, 251 


1, 986, 830 


U.S. 


151,710 

7,958 
4,548 
3,326 
89, 939 
11, 974 
33,965 

674, 212 
381, 553 
116, 678 
175, 981 

466, 113 
116, 602 
42, 187 
189, 510 
79,480 
38,334 

171,021 
38,989 
22,705 
66,022 
4,796 
3,999 
14,494 
20,016 

168, 991 
4,108 
33,685 
22,622 
25,487 
14, 576 
17, 935 
8,176 
25,547 
16,855 

72, 327 
22,919 
23,330 
17,700 
8,378 

126, 682 
9,671 
26, 386 
22, 772 
67,853 

42,568 
5,792 
3,484 
2,320 
14, 739 
2,538 
5,189 
7,259 
1,247 

164, 870 
25,288 
14,400 
125, 182 


6,281 

1,489 
574 
880 
1,923 
226 
1,189 

18,301 
7,140 
2,086 
7,075 

37,948 

8,064 
5,937 
8,231 
6,586 
9,128 

44,761 
9,295 
6,809 
12,635 
3,575 
3,158 
3,865 
5,424 

289,344 
579 
2,677 
23 
18, 157 
5,433 
70,654 
88,590 
85,630 
17,601 

293, 138 
15, 917 
30,576 
104,445 
142, 195 

188, 817 
48,025 
48, 152 
12, 812 
79,828 

13,896 
2,109 
1,416 
1,014 
4,078 
2,211 
1,912 


20 
10 




303, 199 

18, 719 
19,928 
4,345 
164, 977 
39,831 
55,399 

619, 546 

297, 958 
108, 770 
212,818 

373, 534 
101, 791 
49,480 
125, 324 
55,882 
41, 057 

106, 748 
20,581 
14,828 
53,085 
1,244 
1,747 
5,835 
9,428 

248,057 
4,075 
34,730 
4,792 
33,022 
11,634 
68,789 
32,665 
43,834 
14, 516 

81, 561 
20,941 
32,042 
21.950 
6,628 

54,824 
4,834 
14,803 
5,998 
29,189 

19,041 
1,220 
1,233 
363 
5,973 
3,164 
4,213 
2, 701 
174 

79,797 
11,502 
8,301 
59,994 


20,981 
1,803 
991 
872 
12,296 
1,350 
3,669 

80,255 
48, 318 
12,090 
19,847 

65, 297 
15,688 
5,998 
26, 517 
10,599 
6,495 

30,577 
5,930 
5,600 
8,872 
1,140 
1,099 
3,281 
4,655 

21, 282 
427 
3,499 
2,417 
3,139 
2,137 
2,545 
1,243 
3,728 
2,147 

11,975 
4,176 
3,494 
2,465 
1,840 

20, 479 
2,045 
3,215 
4,630 
10,589 

7,441 
96( 
77$ 
435 
2,681 
514 
598 
1,294 
187 

22,917 
3,908 
2,461 
16,548 


70, 339 
5,522 
3,144 
2,210 
40,560 
5,923 
12,980 

231, 748 
117, 722 
32, 245 
81, 781 

225, 294 
60,897 
25,881 
75,342 
40,306 
22,868 

102,437 

21,271 
18,848 
30,563 
2,938 
4,080 
10,294 
14,443 

83,713 
1,809 
14, 111 
6,044 
11,384 
8,558 
10, 869 
5,379 
13. 102 
12, 457 

42, 683 
13, 373 
12, 316 
10.040 
6,954 

72,015 
7,351 
12, 495 
14, 392 
37, 777 

26, 219 
3,499 
2,867 
1,184 
9,224 
1,733 
3,038 
3,978 
696 

108, 232 
17,608 
10,188 
80,436 


1,074 

111 
44 
73 
594 
67 
185 

3,293 
1,800 
461 
1,032 

3,896 

1,045 
575 
1,038 
682 
356 

2,372 
358 
450 
534 
138 
181 
238 
473 

2,013 
28 
257 
653 
235 
119 
168 
58 
245 
250 

793 
306 
195 
146 
146 

1,504 
172 
146 
361 
825 

952 

146 
114 
70 
2 

14( 
105 
38 

1,886 
281 
183 
1,422 


127,491 
11,217 
6,976 
5,283 
70, 959 
8,884 
24,172 

353, 868 

193,848 
51, 816 
108,204 

303, 286 
78,533 
34,770 
96,681 
57, 471 
35,831 

191, 517 
40,471 
39, 171 
40,876 
10, 711 
10,950 
22,231 
27,107 

159, 760 
2,602 
18, 745 
10, 524 
25,227 
16,304 
28,708 
15,569 
25, 791 
16,290 

78, 749 
20,464 
22,710 
20,504 
15, 071 

116, 570 
13, 135 
18, 195 
24,696 
60,544 

51, 721 

8,368 
5,827 
3,470 
16,846 
4,383 
5,572 
5,977 
1,278 

143, 272 
23,407 
16,068 
103, 797 


217, 812 
20,271 
12,164 
10, 471 
119, 806 
16,581 
38,519 

699,807 
376, 596 
104,698 
218, 513 

584,776 
157, 898 
66,647 
192, 311 
109,839 
58,081 

293,665 
61, 955 
49,403 
91,853 
12,760 
11, 725 
28,151 
37, 818 

519,036 

7,147 
56,277 
33, 736 
70,050 
27,733 
75, 779 
56,936 
118,760 
72, 618 

256, 878 
51, 132 
73,022 
80,815 
51,909 

311,275 
35, 955 
77, 946 
46, 126 
151, 248 

77,834 
11,201 
6,883 
4,465 
26,408 
8,004 
10,405 
8,123 
2,345 

219, 168 
39, 151 
24,702 
155, 315 


194,484 
9,351 
6,135 
4,263 
117,880 
14,964 
41, 891 

630,451 
371,607 
104,339 
154,505 

471, 376 
115,646 
46,006 
190, 012 
78, 317 
41, 395 

174, 016 
41,088 
28,411 
60,799 
3,707 
4,368 
15,826 
19, 817 

150,168 
4,216 
27,390 
30,636 
21,041 
10, 257 
15, 417 
6,314 
20,826 
14,071 

61,905 

20,356 
20,952 
13, 621 
6,976 

95,997 
7,651 
16, 367 
20,314 
51,665 

38,096 

4,766 
3 171 


N. E. 
Me. 
N.H. 
Vt. 
Mass. 
R.I. 
Conn. 

M. A. 
N. Y. 
N.J. 
Pa. 

E. V. C. 

Ohio. 
Ind. 

m. 

Mich. 
Wis. 

W.ff.C. 
Minn. 
Iowa. 
Mo. 
N. D. 
S. D. 
Nebr. 
Kans. 

S.A. 
Del. 
Md. 
D. C. 
Va. 
W.Va. 
N. C. 
S. C. 
Oa. 
Fla. 

E. S. C. 

Ky. 
Tenn. 
Ala. 
Miss. 

W. S. C. 

Ark. 
La. 
Okla. 
Tex. 

Mt. 
Mont. 
Idaho. 
Wyo. 
Colo. 
N. M. 
Ariz. 
Utah. 
Nev. 

Pac. 
Wash. 
Oreg. 
Calif. 










4 
3 
3 

12 

6 
2 
4 

16 








228 
110 
5 
113 

193 
44 
8 
10 
130 
1 

52 

1 
2 
12 


2 

1C 

4 

20 

15 


5 




2 






35 

54 


87 


6 






9 


3 
23 
1 


35 

8 
22 

3{ 

1J 
1( 

81 
24 
ft 

15 
10 


15 
12 

29 
11 
4 
12 

105 
1 
63 
13 

28 

40 

3 


1 

I 
9 

8 
8 

58 
1( 

46 


1,737 
15, 517 
2,009 
4,078 
5,835 
983 

170, 337 
26,079 
16,120 
128,138 


\ 


963 
193 

19,460 
4,703 
3,110 
11,647 


45 
27 

1 



68 



RELIGIOUS BODIES 



No. 52. RELIGIOUS BODIES: CHURCHES AND MEMBERS, BY DENOMINATIONS 

NOTE. The 1916 figures here presented have been adjusted for organic changes occurring in some of the 
denominations and also for differences in method of reporting members. The data for Jews are not com- 
parable for the two censuses. See also headnote, Table 53. 



Denomination 


Churches re- 
porting mem- 
bers 


Number of mem- 
bers 


Membership by age, 1926 


1916 


1926 


1916 


1926 


Under 13 
years 


13 years 
and over 


Age not 
reported 


All denominations 


226, 718 


232, 154 


43, 311, 647 


54, 576, 346 


8, 320, 785 


36, 948, 260 


9, 307, 801 


Ad ventists (5 bodies) . 


2,067 
57,828 
1 8, 177 

(23,580 

221,213 
750 
2,142 
1,966 

1,283 
1,263 
( 3 ) 
866 
5,570 
*5,900 
8,396 
301 
87 
169 
45 
}'2,592 

1,331 
1,023 
1,619 
1,530 
13, 921 
i 3, 559 
1,165 
3,620 
9 2, 740 
826 
977 
1,034 
835 
65,692 
29,315 
2,473 
19,184 
6,633 
2,716 
2,621 
2,750 
34 
15,840 
o 9, 773 
1,313 
991 
3,365 
398 
7,345 
2,745 
715 

}1,804 

22fi 
17, 375 
742 
354 
411 
3,889 
643 
4,723 


2,576 
60,192 
7,611 
/23, 374 
I 1, 431 
22, 081 
1,024 
2,267 
2,404 

1,279 

1,044 
1,913 
1,444 
6,226 
5,028 
7,648 
446 
153 
199 
94 
f 2,054 
\ 153 

3,118 
1,867 
15, 102 
3,650 
1,180 
4,752 
2,554 
872 
873 
1,221 
826 
60,644 
26, 130 
2,239 
18, 096 
6,708 
2,466 
2,518 
2,487 
91 
14,848 
8,947 
1,097 
901 
3,469 
434 
7,299 
2,682 
717 
f 1, 709 
1 11 
245 
18,940 
1,052 
611 
353 
3,375 
498 
8,673 


114,915 
7, 153, 313 
11,190,863 

}2, 708, 870 

22,992,421 
54,833 
80,311 
126,015 

133,626 
118, 737 
0) 
32, 259 
317, 937 
* 809, 236 
1, 226, 028 
249, 840 
119, 871 
99,681 
30,288 

} 210, 530 

339, 853 
112,982 
357, 135 
462, 329 
63,445,883 
61,030,178 
6271,927 
61,112,065 
6459,944 
6236,010 
186, 027 
6 149, 732 
79,363 
7, 166, 885 
3, 717, 785 
186, 908 
2,114,479 
548, 355 
257, 169 
245, 749 
96, 440 
28, 245 
2, 255, 626 
1 <>1,625, 817 
72, 052 
160, 726 
357, 769 
39,262 
6 1. 480, 898 
556, 171 
144, 929 

} "354,225 

57,017 
15,721,815 
35,954 
29,028 
82, 515 
367, 934 
58,566 
364,044 


146, 177 
8,440,922 
1, 289, 966 
/3, 524, 378 
V 117,858 
3, 196, 623 
79, 592 
81, 374 
151, 131 

158, 248 
112,795 
202, 098 
63,558 
433, 714 
881, 696 
1, 377, 595 
259, 394 
119, 495 
95, 134 
44, 765 
f 206,080 
\ 20, 449 
314, 518 
110,422 
4, 081, 242 
606, 561 
3, 966, 003 
1, 214, 340 
311,425 
1, 292, 620 
496, 707 
247, 783 
217, 873 
185, 255 
87,164 
8, 070, 619 
4, 080, 777 
192, 171 
2, 487, 694 
545, 814 
456, 813 
202, 713 
104, 637 
61, 574 
2, 625, 284 
1, 894, 030 
67,938 
171, 571 
451, 043 
40,702 
1, 859, 086 
617, 551 
153, 739 
/ 361,286 
\ 3,992 
98,534 
18,605,003 
74,768 
50, 631 
60, 152 
395, 885 
54,957 
632,200 


3,540 
415, 798 
49, 897 
182, 828 
1, 149 
178, 230 
1,190 
75 
2,429 

9,769 
7,411 


127, 467 
6, 149, 474 
1,122,211 
2, 805, 542 
103, 899 
1, 921, 338 
65, 786 
42,283 
88, 415 

137, 343 
93, 500 
202,098 
55,991 


15, 170 
1, 875, 650 
117,858 
536, 008 
12, 810 
1, 097, 055 
12,616 
39, 016 
60,287 

11, 136 
11,884 


Baptist bodies - 


Northern Baptist Convention 


Southern Baptist Convention 


American Baptist Association. 


Negro Baptists 


Free Will Baptists 


Primitive Baptists _ 


All other (13 bodies) 


Brethren, German Baptist (Dunkers) 
(5 bodies) -- 


Christian Church (Gen. Convention) 
Church of Christ, Scientist.. 


Church of the Nazarene _ _ __ 


3,077 


4,490 
433, 714 
112,871 
142, 023 
.13, 082 
8,631 
3,380 
1,071 
8,760 
232 


Churches of Christ 


Congregational Churches 


16, 291 
87,237 
59, 913 
23,020 
26,003 
10,890 
10, 410 
5,205 


752, 534 
1, 148, 335 
186, 399 
87, 844 
65, 751 
32,804 
186, 910 
19,012 
314, 518 
85, 945 


Disciples of Christ 


Eastern Orthodox Churches. ________ 


Greek Orthodox Church 


Russian Orthodox Church 


All other (5 bodies) 


Evangelical Church _ . 


Evangelical Congregational Church. . 
Evangelical Synod of North America- 
Friends (4 bodies) 


16, 166 


8.311 
4, 081, 242 
43, 826 
147, 382 
43, 773 
1,772 
61, 914 
22, 095 
4,506 
3,916 
9,406 
7,788 
1, 193, 120 
516, 432 
30, 247 
427, 717 
144, 751 
6,876 
58,106 
8,991 
9,473 
221, 225 
163, 297 
6,823 
7,472 
40, 811 
2,822 
97, 425 
57, 505 
33, 124 
19, 947 
699 
3,735 
693, 945 
17 
10, 921 
2,184 
32, 761 
4,446 
66. 718 


Jewish congregations -_ 


Latter Day Saints (2 bodies) 


119,861 
1, 086, 652 
304, 723 
76, 920 
370, 685 
146, 306 
73,234 
63, 798 
50, 986 
1,735 
686, 940 
313, 840 
11,551 
239, 647 
42,230 
57, 977 
14,964 
6,731 
16, 151 
122, 361 
77,700 
3,345 
7, 587 
30, 769 
2,960 
462, 310 
35, 891 
1,951 
1,995 
1,398 
30, 547 
5, 053, 781 
21,006 
506 
595 
32, 819 
676 
48,684 


442, 874 
2, 731, 969 
865, 844 
232, 733 
860, 021 
328, 306 
170, 043 
150, 159 
124, 863 
77, 641 
6,190,559 
3, 250, 505 
150, 373 
1, 820, 330 
358, 833 
391,960 
129, 643 
88, 915 
35,950 
2, 281, 698 
1, 653, 033 
57, 770 
156, 512 
379, 463 
34, 920 
1, 299, 351 
524, 155 
118, 664 
339, 344 
1, 895 
64,252 
12,857,277 
53, 745 
39,204 
57, 373 
330, 305 
49,835 
516,798 


Lutheran bodies 


United Luth. Church in America.. 
Augustana Synod 


Synodical Conference of America 8 _. 
Norwegian Luth. Church of America. 
Joint Synod of Ohio and other States- 
Synod of Iowa and other States 
All other (12 bodies) 


Mennonites (17 bodies) 


Methodist bodies 


Methodist Episcopal Church 


Methodist Protestant Church _ 


Methodist Episcopal, South. 


African Methodist Episcopal 


African Methodist Episcopal Zion.. 
Colored Methodist Episcopal 


All other (13 bodies) 


Polish National Catholic Church 
Presbyterian bodies 


Presbyterian Church, U 8. A 


Cumberland Presbyterian Church- 
United Presbyterian Church. __ 


Presbyterian Church, U. 8 


All other (5 bodies) 


Protestant Episcopal Church 


Reformed bodies 


Reformed Church in America 


Reformed Church in the U. 8 


Free Magyar Reformed 


Christian 


Roman Catholic Church 


Salvation Army__ 


Spiritualists 


Unitarians 


United Brethren (3 bodies) . 


Universallst Church 


All other denominations 



1 Includes Free Baptist churches, but excludes Negro churches. 

J Includes Negro churches formerly reported with the Northern Baptist Convention. 3 Not reported. 
'Includes figures for Evangelical Protestant Church of North America. 
Includes Evangelical Association and United Evangelical Church. Partly estimated. 
^Includes General Synod, United Synod of the South, and General Council (except Augustana Synod), 
includes 4 synods, of which the largest is the Synod of Missouri, Ohio, and other States. 
6 Includes Hauge's Synod, Norwegian Lutheran Church, and United Lutheran Church. 
Includes figures for Welsh Calvinistic Methodist Church. Includes Hungarian Reformed. 
Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 



RELIGIOUS BODIES 



69 



No. 53. RELIGIOUS BODIES: VALUE OF PROPERTY AND EXPENDITURES, AND 
NUMBER OF SUNDAY SCHOOLS AND SCHOLARS, AS REPORTED FOR 1926 

NOTE. The names of many of the denominations have been somewhat abbreviated 



Denomination 


Value of church 
edifices 


Expenditures during 
year 


Sunday schools 


Churches 
reporting 


Amount 


Churches 
reporting 


Amount 


Churches 
reporting 


Number 
of 
scholars 


All denowiipfttinns 


202, 930 


83,839,500,810 


216, 042 


8817,214,528 


184, 686 


21, 038, 526 


Adventists (5 bodies) 


1,819 

52,281 
7,297 
21,128 
1,054 
19,833 
765 
1,037 
1,167 

1,206 

976 

1,185 
1,113 
5,089 
4,795 
6,887 

397 
131 

187 
79 

1,989 
142 
1,253 
343 
819 
1,135 
1,415 

13,400 
3,516 
1,118 
3,878 

2,278 

832 
799 
979 

680 

56,493 
25,290 
2,094 
16,443 
5,829 
2,370 
2,341 
2,126 

84 
13, 852 
8,437 
986 
879 
3,148 
402 

6,532 

2,618 
690 
1,680 
248 

16,254 
652 
94 
337 
3,224 
470 

5,396 


11, 069, 449 

469, 827, 795 
185, 370, 576 
173, 456, 965 
1, 832, 546 
103, 465, 759 
1, 156, 743 
1, 730, 348 
2, 814, 858 

11, 110, 013 

7, 202, 193 
69, 416, 744 
7, 323, 718 
16,402,158 
162, 212, 552 
114, 850, 211 

11, 789, 108 
5, Oil, 718 
4, 883, 515 
1, 893, 875 

25, 380, 761 
2, 319, 400 
35, 789, 581 
6, 159, 725 
10, 217, 657 
97, 401, 688 
18,983,315 

273, 409, 748 
114, 526, 248 
22, 781, 698 
78, 755, 894 

24,822,215 

15, 646, 708 
8, 657, 486 
8, 219, 499 

4, 453, 613 

654,736,975 
406, 165, 659 
16,817,278 
161,986,430 
32, 092, 549 
18, 515, 723 
9, 211, 437 
9,947,899 

3, 365, 600 
443, 572, 158 
338, 152, 743 
3, 321, 287 
29, 714, 845 
67, 798, 658 
4,584,625 

314, 596, 738 

88, 457, 147 
38, 436, 822 
44, 662, 875 
5, 357, 450 

837,271,053 
17, 738, 506 
1, 384, 156 
27, 713, 554 
29, 578, 679 
15, 826, 940 
49, 939, 675 


2,336 

54,145 
7,380 
22,338 
1,303 
20,209 
872 
776 
1,267 

1,182 

1,004 
1,859 
1,340 
5,975 
4,810 
7,250 

423 
145 
195 
83 

2,036 
153 
1,274 
354 
854 
1,290 
1,769 

14,721 
3,577 
1,165 
4,601 

2,497 

865 
867 
1,149 

731 

59,483 
25,790 
2,160 
17,798 
6,492 
2,464 
2,477 
2,302 

87 
14,259 
8,656 
961 
890 
3,330 
422 

6,817 

2,659 
714 
1,692 
253 

16,317 
1,044 
509 
344 
3,288 
470 

7,259 


7, 610, 863 

98,045,096 
34, 318, 486 
42, 904, 563 
482,045 
19, 475, 981 
252, 613 
166,847 
444,561 

2, 293, 622 

1, 353, 379 
14, 202, 116 
3, 124, 444 
3,961,310 
25, 820, 342 
22,967,484 

2, 044, 415 
958,809 
838,453 
247, 153 

5, 951. 009 
574,165 
6,002,900 
1, 272, 455 
1, 687, 785 
19, 076, 451 
3, 095, 895 

59, 500, 845 
21, 162, 961 
5, 369, 446 
19,487,432 

5,786,977 

3, 702, 259 
2,223,888 
1, 767, 882 

1,270,067 

152,151,978 
89,422,307 
3,137,211 
41, 651, 150 
7, 600, 161 
4,757,066 
2, 428, 234 
3,155,849 

485, 698 
87, 535, 390 
63,230,663 
759, 021 
6. 642, 820 
15,612,028 
1,290,858 

44, 790, 130 

14, 810, 436 
5, 524, 673 

7, 488, 446 
1, 797, 317 

204, 526, 487 
6, 001, 317 
531,508 
3, 418, 975 
7, 321, 073 
1, 616, 624 

14, 170, 269 


1,759 

47,889 
6,999 
19,882 
918 
18, 755 
643 
5 
687 

1,067 

938 

1,655 
1,233 
4,403 
4,601 
6,680 

198 
73 
90 
35 

2,000 
148 
1,146 
347 
727 
531 
1,736 

11, 472 
3,415 
1,036 
3,028 

L660 

769 
778 
786 

631 

54,804 
24,730 
1,917 
15,525 
5,884 
2,429 
2,351 
1,968 

74 
13,222 
8,237 
765 
871 
2,959 
390 

5,607 

2,489 
689 
1,614 
186 

8,239 
1,015 
92 
317 
3,088 
350 

6,228 


102, 779 
4, 654, 241 
1, 052, 794 
2, 345, 630 
56,228 
1,121,362 
38,199 
181 
39,847 

133,483 

85,478 
140,566 
109,237 
274,571 
596, 881 
1,000,416 

14,195 
5,796 
5,770 
2,629 

280,195 
27, 395 
171, 402 
46,820 
67,889 
70,380 
209,593 

1, 249, 998 
619, 781 
100, 775 
212,071 

131,147 

88,822 
50,878 
46, 524 

87,897 

6, 567, 654 
3, 796, 561 
173,438 
1,802,464 
288,247 
267, 141 
103,523 
136,280 

6,401 
2,001,928 
1, 407, 298 
48,052 
148,658 
367, 795 
30, 125 

479, 430 

465, 725 
124,308 
315,343 
26, 074 

1,201,330 
91,586 
5,552 
19, 722 
400, 749 
24,738 

450,295 


Baptist bodies 


Northern Baptist Convention . ... 


Southern Baptist Convention 


American Baptist Association 


Negro Baptists 


Free Will Baptists.. 


Primitive Baptists 


All other (13 bodies) 


Brethren, German Baptist (Dunkers) 
(5 bodies) 


Christian Church (General Conven- 
tion) 


Church of Christ, Scientist 


Church of the Nazarene 


Churches of Christ 


Congregational Churches 


Disciples of Christ 


Eastern Orthodox Churches 


Greek Orthodox Church 


Russian Orthodox Church 


All other (5 bodies) .... 


Evangelical Church 


Evangelical Congregational Church 
Evangelical Synod of North America- 
Federated churches 


Friends (4 bodies)... 


Jewish Congregations 


Latter Day Saints (2 bodies) 


Lutheran bodies 


United Lutheran Church in America. 
Augustana Synod 


Synodical Conference of America 
Norwegian Lutheran Church of 
America 


Joint Synod of Ohio and Other 
States 


Synod of Iowa and Other States.. 
All other (12 bodies) 


Mennonites (17 bodies) 


Methodist bodies 


Methodist Episcopal Church 
Methodist Protestant Church... 


Methodist Episcopal, South 


African Methodist Episcopal 


African Methodist Episcopal Zion_- 
Colored Methodist Episcopal 


All other (13 bodies) 


Polish National Catholic Church 


Presbvterian bodies. 


Presbyterian Church in the U. B. A. 
Cumberland Presbyterian Church.. 
United Presbyterian Church 


Presbyterian Church in the U. S_ 
All other (5 bodies). __ 


Protestant Episcopal Church. _. 


Reformed bodies . 


Reformed Church in America 


Reformed Church in the U. S. 


All other (2 bodies) ___ 


Roman Catholic Church 


Salvation Army . 


Spiritualists 


Unitarians.. 


United Brethren (3 bodies) 


Universalist Church. 


All other denominations. . . 





Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 



2. DEFECTIVES AND DELINQUENTS 

[Data in this section relate to continental United States] 

No. 54. MENTAL PATIENTS, MENTAL DEFECTIVES, AND EPILEPTICS IN 
STATE INSTITUTIONS, AND PRISONERS IN STATE AND FEDERAL PRISONS 
AND REFORMATORIES: 1910 to 1936 

[Ratio equals number per 100,000 of population] 



Year 


State hospitals for mental 
disease l 


State institutions for mental 
defectives and epileptics 


State and Federal prisons and 
reformatories 


Patients pres- 
ent Jan. 1 


First admis- 
sions 


Patients pres- 
ent Jan. 1 


First admis- 
sions 


Prisoners pres- 
ent Jan. 1 


Prisoners 
received from 
courts 


Num- 
ber 


Ratio 


Num- 
ber 


Ratio 


Num- 
ber 


Ratio 


Num- 
ber 


Ratio 


Num- 
ber 


Ratio 


Num- 
ber 


Ratio 


1910 


159, 096 
222, 406 
229, 664 
264,511 
272, 252 
280, 252 
292, 284 
305, 031 
321, 824 
332,094 
342, 167 
353, 305 


173.0 
204.0 
207.5 
222.2 
225.6 
228.8 
236.3 
244.8 
256.7 
263.1 
269.1 
276.0 






217,411 
43, 579 
46, 580 
60, 412 
64, 417 
68, 035 
72, 565 
76, 726 
84, 131 
87, 382 
89, 760 
92, 329 


18.9 
40.0 
42.1 
52.3 
54.1 
55.5 
58.7 
61.6 
67.1 
69.2 
70.6 
72.1 






68, 735 


74.7 


29, 710 


32.5 


1922 


50, 286 


45.8 


7,467 


6.8 


1923 


81,959 
109, 346 
116, 390 
120, 496 
129, 453 
137, 082 
137, 997 
136, 810 
138, 316 
144, 665 


74.0 
92.2 
98.6 
103.5 
110.9 
118.2 
116.9 
115.0 
115.3 
119.6 


38,628 
55, 746 
58,906 
66, 013 
71,520 
67, 477 
62, 801 
62, 251 
65, 723 


34.6 
47.6 
51.4 
56.3 
60.9 
57.8 
52.9 
51.9 
54.3 


1928 3 


59, 417 
60,500 
62, 738 
67, 152 
67, 083 
69,368 
69, 934 
72, 438 


49.6 
49.8 
51.1 
54.1 
53.7 
55.2 
55.2 
56.8 


9,405 
9,795 
10, 137 
10, 727 
10, 676 
10,806 
10, 570 
10, 299 


8.2 
8.2 
8.3 
8.8 
8.7 
8.6 
8.4 
8.1 


1929 3 


19303 


1931 3 


1932 3 


1933 3 


19343 


1935 3 


1936 3 

















i Includes Federal hospitals as follows: St. Elizabeths, District of Columbia, for all years; Asylum for In- 
sane Indians, South Dakota, for years prior to 1933; Morningside, Oreg., beginning 1935. 

a Does not include 7 special State institutions for epileptics, included for later enumerations. 

3 Figures exclude institutions not reporting, as follows: 1 institution for mental defectives in 1929, 1930, 
and 1931, and 2 in 1928 and 1932; 1 mental-disease hospital in 1930 and 1932; 3 State prisons in 1928, 1929, 
1930, 1931, and 1934 to 1936, and 4 in 1932 and 1933. 

No. 55. MOVEMENT OF PATIENT POPULATION IN HOSPITALS FOR MENTAL 
DISEASE AND IN INSTITUTIONS FOR MENTAL DEFECTIVES AND EPILEP- 
TICS, 1933 TO 1935 



Item 


Hospitals for mental disease 


Institutions for mental defec- 
tives and epileptics 


19331 


19341 


1935 


19331 


19341 


1935 


Total i 


State 


Total i 


State 


Patients on books at beginning of year. . . 
In hospitals or institutions 


417, 522 
376, 748 
40, 774 

130, 353 
94, 689 
26, 382 

9,282 

112, 304 
269,631 


437, 718 
391, 791 
45, 927 
134, 287 
96, 933 
28,244 

9,060 

120, 283 

2 76, 022 


451,217 
403, 895 
47, 322 

138, 797 
101, 462 
27, 967 

9,368 

123, 969 
2 78,501 


384, 675 
342, 167 
42, 508 

99, 281 
72, 438 
17, 526 

6,317 

83, 175 
46,768 
12, 338 
20,853 
4,546 
1,232 


102, 618 
90,440 
12, 178 

13, 835 

12, 028 
1,124 

683 

9,889 
3 5, 393 


106, 774 
93, 438 
13, 336 

13, 658 

11,886 
1,024 

746 

10, 941 

6, 447 


108, 684 
95, 101 
13,583 

13, 152 
11, 243 

887 

1,022 

9,868 
3 5, 630 


103, 227 
89, 760 
13, 467 

12, 067 

10, 299 
765 

1,003 

8,584 
34,999 


On parole or otherwise absent 


Admissions during the year 


First admissions 


Readmissions _ 


Transfers from other hospitals for 
mental disease or institutions for 
mental defectives and epileptics 

Separations during the year 


Discharges 


Discharged as recovered 


Discharged as improved- 
















Discharged as unimproved 
















Discharged, condition not reported 
Discharged as without psychosis 






















7, 121 










Transfers to other hospitals for men- 
tal disease or institutions for men- 
tal defectives and epileptics 


10,601 
32,072 

435, 571 
389, 500 
46, 071 


10,389 
33,872 

451, 872 
403, 519 
48, 153 


11,302 
34, 166 

486, 045 
416,926 
49, 119 


7,110 
29,297 

397, 781 
353. 305 
44, 476 


1,785 
2,511 

108, 764 

93,150 
13, 614 


1,770 
2,724 

109, 489 
95, 520 
13, 969 


1, 559 
2,679 

111,988 
97, 439 

14,529 


1,018 
2,547 

108, 730 
92, 329 
14, 401 


Deaths in hospitals or institutions. _ . 
Patients on books at end of year 


In hospitals or institutions 


On parole or otherwise absent 





1 Includes both State institutions and those under Federal, private, and local government control. 
Includes patients who died while on parole, as follows: 1933, 446; 1934, 599; 1935, 794 (State, 678). 
8 Includes patients who died while on parole, as follows: 1933, 71; 1934, 60; 1935, 91 (State, 88). 

Source of tables 54 and 55: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 

70 



MENTAL PATIENTS AND EPILEPTICS 



71 



No. 56. PATIENTS IN HOSPITALS FOR MENTAL DISEASE AND IN INSTITU- 
TIONS FOR MENTAL DEFECTIVES AND EPILEPTICS: BY STATES, 1935 

[Ratio equals number per 100,000 of population as estimated for July 1, 1935] 



State 


Patients in hospitals for mental 
disease 1 


Mental defectives and epileptics in 
institutions l 


On 
books 
at be- 
gin- 
ning of 
fiscal 
year 


First admissions during 
year 


On 

books 
at be- 
gin- 
mng of 
fiscal 
year 


First admissions during year 


Total 


Male 


Fe- 
male 


Ratio 


Total 


Male 


Fe- 
male 


Ratio 


De- 
fec- 
tive 2 


Epi- 
lep- 
tic 


United States. 

New England: 
Maine 


451,217 


101,482 


58, 823 


42, 639 


79.8 


108, 684 


11,243 


6,292 


4,951 


8.8 


9,801 


2,620 


2,523 
2,101 
1,679 
24,006 
2,949 
7,258 

68,798 
16, 333 
35, 622 

22, 597 
9,817 
28,460 
16, 468 
13, 010 

11,385 
9,893 
12, 145 
1,931 
1,602 
4,135 
5,374 

1,098 
8,363 
5,280 
10, 957 
3,333 
7,447 
4,051 
8,097 
4, 533 

6,898 
5,978 
5,308 
4,909 

5,900 
5,849 
7,260 
12, 610 

1,805 
1,001 
1,025 
4,186 
799 
999 
1,108 
345 

6,575 
4,434 
22,983 


602 

431 
557 
3,589 
520 
1,925 

16, 105 
3,532 
6,887 

5,233 
1,788 
7,228 
3,469 
2,489 

1,781 
2,185 
2,781 
355 
279 
694 
930 

324 

2,265 
833 
2,616 
773 
2,062 
777 
2,081 
431 

2,054 
2,362 
,581 
,207 

,468 
,653 
,892 
2,599 

383 
180 
184 
912 
159 
289 
220 
76 

1,409 
893 
6,439 


373 

236 
354 
1,867 
289 
1,057 

8,416 
1,946 
3,834 

2,917 
1,026 
4,283 
2,026 
1,411 

1,092 
1,396 
1,566 
226 



507 

175 
1,231 
524 
1,714 
466 
1,314 
466 
1,405 
271 

1,399 
1,512 
877 
748 

955 
876 
1,189 
1,532 

251 
124 
155 
624 
89 
190 
117 
55 

855 
534 
3,728 


229 
195 
203 
1,722 
231 
868 

7,689 
1,586 
3,053 

2,316 
762 
2,945 
1,443 
1,058 

689 
789 
1,215 
129 
109 
239 
423 

149 
1,034 
309 
902 
307 
748 
311 
676 
160 

655 
850 
704 
459 

513 
777 
703 
1,067 

132 
56 
29 
288 
70 
99 
103 
21 

554 
359 
2,711 


71.2 
85.9 
147.7 
82.0 
76.4 
112.1 

124.9 
82.4 
68.4 

78.0 
52.1 
92.5 
73.3 
84.9 

67.8 
86.2 
71.1 
50.7 
40.3 
50.9 
49.5 

126.6 
135.7 
140.2 
99.2 
42.6 
60.3 
42.2 
68.6 
26.7 

72.2 
83.6 
55.8 
60.1 

73.4 
78.0 
75.4 
42.8 

72.1 
37.6 
79.3 
85.9 
37.7 
71.2 
42.7 
76.8 

86.3 
88.6 
107.4 


810 

662 
301 
7,946 
912 
1,313 

18, 455 
6,010 
7,662 

8,589 
3,591 
8,616 
6,292 
3,057 

3,224 
3,093 
1,989 
819 
650 
1,262 
1,938 

373 
1,054 
694 
1,197 
646 
627 
520 
250 
558 

972 
626 
583 
295 


18 
55 
42 
685 
60 
44 

2,742 
608 
509 

504 
271 
812 
615 
334 

302 
186 
166 
78 
47 
105 
294 

29 
61 
71 
312 
64 
31 
25 
32 
70 

82 
49 
99 
25 


14 
34 

15 
367 
27 
24 

1,538 
359 
299 

282 
152 
454 
396 
183 

120 
129 
83 
36 
32 
47 
154 

21 
29 
42 
147 
34 
17 
17 
15 
38 

49 
21 

75 
11 


4 
21 
27 
318 
33 
20 

1,204 
249 
210 

222 
119 

358 
219 
151 

182 
57 
83 
42 
15 
58 
140 

8 
S2 
29 
165 
30 
14 
8 
17 
32 

33 
28 
24 
14 


2.1 
11.0 
11.1 
15.7 
8.8 
2.6 

21.3 
14.2 
5.1 

7.5 
7.9 
10.4 
13.0 
11.5 

11.5 
7.3 

4.2 
11.1 
'6.8 
7.7 
15.7 

11.3 
3.7 
12.0 
11.8 
3.5 
.9 
1.4 
1.1 
4.3 

2.9 
1.7 
3.5 
1.2 


18 
55 
41 
571 
58 
44 

2,471 
528 
412 

465 
154 
676 
479 
295 

289 
182 
160 
72 
46 
105 
180 

29 
61 
71 
283 
44 
31 
24 
32 
64 

82 
49 
98 
25 




New Hampshire- 
Vermont 


8 
4 
186 
10 
11 

445 
189 
156 

204 
114 
179 
124 
60 

42 
45 
34 
17 
7 
14 
118 

3 

8 
9 
78 
25 


Massachusetts- .- 
Rhode Island 
Connecticut 


Middle Atlantic: 
New York 


New Jersey 


Pennsylvania 

East If orth Central : 
Ohio 


Indiana. 


Illinois 


Michigan 


Wisconsin 


West Worth Central: 
Minnesota 


Iowa 


Missouri 


North Dakota. __ 
South Dakota 
Nebraska 


Kansas 


South Atlantic: 
Delaware 


Maryland -. 


Dist. of Col 


Virginia 


West Virginia.... 
North Carolina 


South Carolina. .. 
Georgia 


2 
3 
17 

3 
12 
14 


Florida 


East South Central: 
Kentucky 


Tennessee.. .-. 


Alabama 


Mississippi 


West South Central: 
Arkansas 




Louisiana .. 


842 
753 
2,372 

403 
533 
381 

484 
79 


161 
176 
383 

37 
36 
25 
46 
8 


84 
86 
297 

21 
19 
13 

28 

1 


77 
90 
86 

16 

17 
12 
18 

7 


7.6 
7.0 
6.3 

7.0 

7.5 
10.8 
4.3 
1.9 


152 
176 
287 

36 
36 
20 
46 

8 


43 
43 
189 

9 
13 
9 
10 


Oklahoma 


Texas 


Mountain: 
Montana 


Idaho 


Wyoming. . . 


Colorado 


New Mexico 
Arizona 


Utah 


259 


167 


79 


88 


32.4 


153 


28 


Nevada 


Pacific: 
Washington 
Oregon.. 


1,499 
1,014 
4,479 


78 
127 
572 


46 
70 
287 


32 
57 

285 


4.8 
12.6 
9.5 


78 
127 
488 


17 
17 
101 


California 





1 Data include both State institutions and those under Federal, private, or local governmental control. 

2 Includes persons both defective and epileptic. 

Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 



72 



MENTAL PATIENTS 



No . 57.FIRST ADMISSIONS TO HOSPITALS FOR MENTAL DISEASE: BY 
PSYCHOSIS AND SEX, 1934 AND 1935 



Psychosis 


Number 


Percent distribution 


Ad- 
mitted 
to 
State 
hospi- 
tals, 
1935 


1934, 

total 


1935 


1934, 
total 


1935 


Total 


Male 


Fe- 
male 


Total 


Male 


Fe- 
male 


Grand total 


96, 933 


101, 462 


58, 823 
47, 501 


42, 639 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


72, 438 


Total with psychosis 


82, 475 


86, 061 

7,402 
1,482 
4,883 
600 
562 
9,844 
1,9/8 
7,751 
2,768 
1,529 
3,682 
12, 234 
19, 149 
1,666 
1,086 
2,974 
340 
524 
633 

929 
4,045 

15, 401 


38, 560 


85.1 


84.8 


80.8 


90.4 


65, 201 


General paresis 


7,294 
1,519 


5,720 
1,014 
4,112 
326 
472 
5,833 
1,199 
3,913 
751 
597 
1,448 
5,102 
10, 253 
785 
662 
1,638 
209 
286 
347 

547 

2.287 

11, 322 


1,682 
468 
771 
274 
90 
4,011 
779 
3,838 
2,017 
932 
2,234 
7,132 
8,896 
881 
424 
1,336 
131 
238 
286 

382 

1,758 

4,079 


7.5 
1.6 
4.9 
.6 
.6 
9.4 
2. 1 
8.4 
2.4 
2.6 
2.9 
12.5 
19.0 
1.6 
1.3 
2.9 

15.0 
14.9 


7.3 
1.5 
4.8 
' .6 
.6 
9.7 
1.9 
7.6 
2.7 
1.5 
3.6 
12.1 
18.9 
1.6 
1.1 
2.9 
.3 
.6 
.6 

.9 
4.0 

15.2 


9.7 
1.7 
7.0 
.6 
.8 
9.9 
2.0 
6.7 
1.3 
1.0 
2.5 
8.7 
17.4 
1.3 
1.1 
2.8 
.4 
.5 
.6 

.9 
3.9 

19.2 


3.9 
1.1 
1.8 
.6 
.2 
9.4 
1.8 
9.0 
4. 7 
2.2 
5.2 
16.7 
20.9 
2. 1 
1.0 
3.1 
.3 
.6 
.7 

.9 
4.1 

9.6 


5,932 
1,159 
3,323 
301 
421 
8,746 
1,672 
5,963 
1,756 
1,162 
1,935 
8,993 
14, 966 
1,114 
752 
2,475 
273 
347 
461 

639 
2,811 

7,237 


Other forms of syphilis of the C N. S. 1 


Alcoholic - - - 


4, 7fi2 
561 
535 
9,106 
1,993 
8,120 
2,315 
2,538 
2,772 
12, 079 
18, 397 
1,587 
1,215 
2.798 

14,884 
14, 458 


Due to drugs and other exogenous poisons. 


W ith cerebral arteriosclerosis - 


With convulsive disorders 


Senile 


Involutional psychoses 


Due to other metabolic, etc., diseases - 
Psychoneuroses * - 




Dementia praecox (schizophrenia) - _ _ 


Paranoia and paranoid conditions 


With psychopathic personality. _ 


With mental deficiency 


With epidemic encephalitis. 


With other infectious diseases 


With other disturbances of circulation. .. 
With organic changes of the nervous 
system 


All other with psychosis 


Total without psychosis 


Epilepsy -- 


341 
1,377 
6,271 
990 

588 

}i4,891 


529 
1,549 
6,487 
900 
698 
/ 218 
\ 5, 020 


348 
936 
5,819 
573 
495 
127 
3,024 


181 
613 
668 
327 
203 
91 
1,996 


.4 
1.4 
6.5 
1.0 
.6 

}5.0 


.5 
1.5 
6.4 
.9 
.7 
f .2 
\ 4.9 


.6 
1.6 
9.9 
1.0 
.8 
.2 
5.1 


.4 
1.4 
1.6 
.8 
.5 
.2 
4.7 


254 
1,157 
3,340 
412 
405 
121 
1,548 


Mental deficiency 


Alcoholism - 


Drug addiction 


Psychopathic personality ._ - - 


Primary behavior disorders 


All other without psychosis 





1 Figures for 1934 may not be entirely comparable with those for 1935. 

No. 58. PATIENTS WITH PSYCHOSIS IN STATE HOSPITALS FOR MENTAL 
DISEASE: DISCHARGES AND DEATHS BY PSYCHOSIS, 1934 AND 1935 



Psychosis 


1934 


1935 


Discharges 


Deaths 
in 
hospi- 
tals 


Discharges 


Deaths 
in 
hospi- 
tals 


Total i 


Re- 
covered 


Im- 
proved 


Total i 


Re- 
covered 


Im- 
proved 


Total 


38, 126 


12, 578 


20, 227 


28, 499 


38, 969 


12, 338 


20, 853 


28, 650 


General paresis 


2,004 

499 
2,944 

311 
241 
2,003 
936 
1,001 
882 
1,240 
1,632 
9,960 
9,258 
746 
871 
1,526 

2 2,072 


242 

126 
1,896 

197 
72 
346 
122 
78 
345 
568 
633 
5,603 
1,175 
115 
460 
395 

305 


1,508 

300 

909 

97 
135 
1,326 
585 
622 
443 
580 
909 
3,679 
6,422 
509 
320 
830 

1,053 


3,260 

505 
626 

49 
102 
5,664 
925 
5,291 
581 
1,094 
120 
2,547 
4,928 
458 
86 
789 

2 1, 474 


2,149 

576 
3,211 

329 
284 
2,047 
984 
941 
952 
820 
1,739 
9,621 
9,917 
737 
916 
1,497 
150 
148 
116 

326 
1,509 


248 

112 
2,019 

172 
95 
376 
133 
67 
355 
370 
534 
5,329 
1,214 
106 
461 
394 
17 
73 
33 

44 
196 


1,599 

358 
1,028 

138 
. 157 
1, 363 
626 
628 
489 
383 
1,007 
3,606 
6,749 
512 
373 
774 
91 
56 
75 

220 
621 


3,322 

509 
616 

46 
85 
6,084 
856 
5,141 
594 
654 
109 
2, 685 
4,957 
445 
95 
808 
95 
146 
269 

402 

732 


With other forms of syphilis of the 
C. N. 8. 


Alcoholic 


Due to drugs and other exogenous 
poisons 


Traumatic 


With cerebral arteriosclerosis 


With convulsive disorders 


Senile 


Involutional psychoses 


Due to other metabolic, etc., diseases 2 _ 
Psychoneuroses 2 


Manic-depressive 


Dementia praecox (schizophrenia) 
Paranoia and paranoid conditions 
With psychopathic personality 


With mental deficiency. 


With epidemic encephalitis 


With other infectious diseases 


With other disturbances of circulation. 
With organic changes of the nervous 
system 


All other with psychosis. 





1 Includes those discharged as unimproved and condition not reported. 

2 Figures for 1934 may not be entirely comparable with those for 1935. 

Source of tables 57 and 68: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 



PRISONERS 



73 



No. 59. FIRST ADMISSIONS TO STATE HOSPITALS FOR MENTAL DISEASE, 
PATIENTS WITH PSYCHOSIS ONLY : BY SEX, COLOR, NATIVITY, AND AGE, 1933 

NOTE. The detailed data shown in this table are collected at the decennial census only 



Item 


Total 


Male 


Female 


Item 


Total 


Male 


Female 


Total 


63,608 


36,642 


26, 866 


Age (years) Continued. 
















35 to 39 


6 359 


3 516 


2 843 


Color and nativity : 








40 to 44 


6, 167 


3,471 


2,696 


Native white 


43,924 


25,042 


18,882 


45 to 49 


6,009 


3,454 


2,555 


Foreign-born white 


11,897 


7,096 


4,801 


50 to 54 


5,143 


3,021 


2 122 


Negro 


6,932 


3,992 


2,940 


55 to 59 


4,152 


2,499 


1,653 


Other races 


755 


512 


243 


60 to 64 


3,892 


2,348 


1,544 


Age (years) ' 








65 to 69 


3,360 


2,049 


1 311 


Under 15 ... 


319 


184 


135 


70 to 74... 


3,226 


1,935 


1,291 


15 to 19 


2,521 


1,430 


1,091 


75 to 79 


2,517 


1,525 


992 


20 to 24 


5, 167 


3,019 


2,148 


80 to 84 


1,454 


838 


616 


25 to 29 


5,624 


3,128 


2,496 


85 and over . . . _ 


668 


318 


350 


30 to 34 


6,131 


3,428 


2,703 


Unknown 


799 


479 


320 



















No. 60. FIRST ADMISSIONS TO INSTITUTIONS FOR MENTAL DEFECTIVES 
AND EPILEPTICS: BY SEX, MENTAL STATUS, AND TYPE OF EPILEPSY, 1934 
AND 1935 



Status and type 


19:34, 
total 


1935 


Total 


State institutions 


Other institutions 


Total 


Male 


Female 


Total 


Male 


Female 


Defective, total 


10,009 
4, 737 
2,980 
1,458 
834 

2,867 
708 
1,947 
212 

8,236 
1,094 
1,773 
783 


9,801 
4,579 
3,103 
1,738 
381 

2,620 
710 
1,601 
309 

8,091 
910 
1,710 
532 


8,954 
4,240 
2,810 
1,645 
259 

2,498 
682 
1,542 
274 

7,351 
895 
1,603 
450 


4,957 
2,302 
1,566 
936 
153 

1,489 
436 
886 
167 

4,051 
583 
906 
259 


3,997 
1,938 
1,244 
709 
106 

1,009 
246 
656 
107 

3,300 
312 
697 
191 


847 
339 
293 
93 
122 

122 
28 
59 
35 

740 
15 
107 

82 


445 

178 
167 
46 
54 

57 
12 
33 
12 

395 
7 
50 
41 


402 
161 
126 

47 
68 

65 
16 
26 
23 

345 
8 
57 
41 


Moron . 


Imbecile 


Idiot 


Not reported 


Epileptic, total 


Symptomatic _ .. 


Idiopathic 


Not reported _. .. .. 


Defective only _ _ 


Epileptic only 


Both defective and epileptic-.- . 


Neither defective nor epileptic 





No. 61. STATE AND FEDERAL PRISONS AND REFORMATORIES: PRISONERS 
RECEIVED FROM COURTS, BY COLOR, NATIVITY, AND AGE, 1935 

NOTE. Ratios for total and for color and nativity groups equal numbers per 100,000 population 15 years 
of age and over, in the respective sex and color and nativity groups, as estimated for 1935. Ratios for 
age groups equal numbers per 100,000 of estimated population in the respective groups. The distribu- 
tion of prisoners received from courts by color, nativity, and age is shown for 1933 for both State and 
Federal prisons and county and city jails in the 1935 issue of the Statistical Abstract. The ratios 
shown for that ye^r, for the total and for each color and nativity group, were based on the 1930 enumerated 
population for all ages. 



Color, nativity, 
and age 


Total 


Male 


Fe- 
male 


Ratio 


Age 


Total 


Male 


Fe- 
male 


Ratio 


Male 


Fe- 
male 


Male 


Fe- 
male 


Total 


65, 723 

48,582 
45, 179 
3,403 
16, 36? 

779 

26 
2,515 
2,862 
3,688 


62, 569 


3,154 


140.6 


7.2 


Age (years) Con. 
20 


3,504 
13, 618 
12, 514 
8,882 
6,752 
4,231 
2,947 
1,858 
1,089 
664 
517 
56 


3,344 
13,028 
11.920* 
8.459 
6,370 
3, 096 
2,795 
1,763 
1,048 
645 
506 
48 


160 
590 
594 
423 
382 
235 
152 
95 
41 
19 
11 
8 


314.7 
304.3 
239.8 
186.2 
150.7 
91.9 
73.9 
53.7 
38.0 
31.5 
14.0 


15. 2 
13.8 
11.5 
9.1 
9.0 
5.6 
4.9 
3.3 
1.1 
1.0 
.3 


Color and nativity: 
White 


46, 421 
43,199 
3,222 
15,400 

748 

23 
2,370 
2,718 
3,536 


2,161 
1,980 
181 
962 
31 

3 
145 
144 
152 


113.4 


5.4 


21 to 24. 


25 to 29 


Native 


30 to 34. 


Foreign -born.- 
Negro 






35 to 39 .__ 


473.5 
292.9 


28.9 
16.3 


4n to 44 


All other. 


45 to 49 


Age (years): 
Under 15 


50 to 54. _ 


55 to 59 


15 to 17-... 


71.1 
243.0 
313.1 


4.4 
13.3 
13.9 


60 to 64- 


18... 


65 and over 


19 











Source of tables 59, 60, and 61: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 



74 



PRISONERS 



No. 62. STATE AND FEDERAL PRISONS AND REFORMATORIES: PRISONERS 
PRESENT JANUARY 1 AND NUMBER RECEIVED FROM COURTS, BY STATES 

NOTE. Ratio equals number per 100,000 of population 15 years old and over, based on estimated population, 
July 1, 1934. Data for county and city jails, which are collected decennially only, are shown for 1933 in 
the 1935 and 1936 issues of this publication 



State 


Present Jan. 1 


Prisoners received from courts 


1933 


1934 


1935 


Total 
num- 
ber, 
1934 


1935 


Number 


Ratio 


Total 


Male 


Fe- 
male 


Total 


Male 


Fe- 
male 


United States i__ 
Federal prisons 


137, 997 


136, 810 


138, 316 


62, 251 


65, 723 


62, 569 


3,154 


74.4 


140.6 


7.2 


12, 276 
125, 721 


10, 848 
12.5,962 


12, 058 
126, 258 


9,275 
52, 976 


11,837 
53, 886 


11, 378 
51, 191 


459 
2,695 


12.8 
61.6 


24.4 
116.2 


1.0 

6.2 


State prisons 


New England: 
Maine 


559 
198 
431 
2,658 
535 
1,366 

9,613 
3,212 
6,396 

8,603 
4,764 
10, 440 
8,689 
2,696 

2, 592 
3,058 
4,579 
365 
580 
1,268 
2,526 


523 
209 
364 
2, 675 
460 
1,267 

9,807 
3,289 
6,183 

9,119 
4,323 
10,581 
7,460 
2,402 

2,599 
3,006 
4,632 
363 
546 
1, 367 
2,563 

238 

2,588 
1,174 
3.323 
2,338 
2,871 
1,167 
3,050 

3,322 
2,672 

1,417 
2,920 
4,110 
5,347 

589 
246 
311 
1,257 
548 
615 
310 
163 

1,811 
795 
9,042 


524 
229 
384 
2,820 
456 
1,238 

9,349 
2.975 
6,328 

8,787 
4, 1S3 
10, 748 
7,487 
2,302 

2,659 
2,829 
4,536 
309 
545 
1,123 
2,648 

510 
2, 581 
1,259 
3,451 
2,198 
3,052 
1,181 
3,041 

3,928 

2,812 

1,699 
2,939 
4,192 
5,214 

548 
249 
313 
1,312 
524 
572 
290 
158 

1.X12 
808 
9,156 


285 
85 
312 
1,008 
230 
569 

3,046 
1,519 
1,939 

2,455 
1,469 
3,612 
2, 723 
999 

1,011 
826 
1, 578 
240 
282 
567 
1,032 

392 

2, 863 
600 
1,714 
1,198 
1,163 
647 
1,050 

2,535 
1,433 

1,067 
1,075 
2,394 
2,953 

291 
159 
124 
S71 
348 
310 
1*4 
78 

994 
422 
2,324 


313 
103 
280 
991 
322 
590 

2,979 
1, 597 
1,919 

2,608 
1,524 
2, 855 
2. 590 
1,019 

937 
951 
1,652 
205 
320 
642 
1,051 

278 
3,084 
671 
1,804 
1,057 
1,436 
758 
1,251 

2,2.56 
1,849 

1,220 
1,118 
2,868 
3,165 

312 
187 
134 
816 
362 
355 
166 
87 

8(35 
445 

1,894 


252 
101 
237 
755 
279 
413 

2,742 
1,447 
1,825 

2,530 
1,476 
2,717 
2,481 
929 

890 
890 
1,603 
199 
312 
616 
959 

267 
2,920 
671 
1,747 
1,022 
1,360 
696 
1,201 

2,212 
1,791 

1,180 
1,080 
2,806 
3, 096 

308 
182 
134 
798 
354 
347 
161 
86 

852 
432 

1, 835 


61 
2 

43 
236 
43 

177 

237 
150 
94 

78 
48 
138 
109 
90 

47 
61 
49 
6 
8 
26 
92 

11 
164 


53.4 
29.4 
106.5 
30.2 
61.6 
47.6 

29.2 
49.4 
27.0 

51.0 
62.1 
47.0 
68.7 
46.2 

49.3 
52.3 
59.5 
43.7 
65.3 
63.6 
75.4 

154.4 
249.6 
166.1 
108.5 
89.2 
66.7 
67.7 
106.2 

125.5 
99.8 

96.4 

74.7 
167.2 
73.4 

81.3 
60.3 
80.2 
106.' 
127.0 
110.9 
48.0 
119.2 

69.1 
57.1 
37.6 


87.2 
58.7 
176. 9 
48. 2 
112.0 
67.7 

53.9 
89.8 
51.6 

98.9 
119.3 
88.5 
126.0 
81.9 

91.8 
97.2 
116.3 
79.0 
120.5 
119.8 
135.5 

293.4 
472.2 
351.3 
211.6 
167.8 
129.3 
130.7 
205.0 

245.5 
196. 6 

184. 9 
146.4 
318.5 
142.0 

143.9 
109.0 
142. 6 
204.1 
239. 2 
202. 9 
91.0 
195. 5 

128.9 
105. 6 
70.4 


20.5 
1.1 
33.3 
13.8 

15.7 
28.1 

4.6 
9.2 
2.6 

3.1 
3.9 
4.6 
6.0 

8.4 

6.0 
6.8 
3.5 
2.8 
3.5 
5.2 
13.4 

12.4 
26.6 


New Hampshire 
Vermont .. - - 


M assachusetts 


Rhode Island 


Connecticut 


Middle Atlantic: 
New York 


New Jersey 


Pennsylvania 


East Worth Central : 
Ohio 


Indiana 


Illinois 


Michigan 


Wisconsin 


West North Central: 
Minnesota 


Iowa 


Missouri 


North Dakota 


South Dakota- 


Nebraska 


Kansas.. '. .. 


South Atlantic: 1 
Delaware 2 


Maryland 


2,503 
1,048 
3, 312 
2,642 
2,719 
1.194 
2,951 

3,439 
2,734 

916 
2,580 
4,096 
5,190 

604 
274 
312 
1.348 
526 
677 
297 
229 

1,801 
868 
8,333 


Dist. of Columbia 
Virginia 


57 
35 
76 
62 
50 

44 
58 

40 
38 
62 
69 

4 
5 


6.8 
6.1 
6.9 
10.2 
8.5 

4.9 
6.2 

6.4 
5.0 
7.4 
3.2 

2.4 
3.5 

"~4." 7 

5.8 
5.4 
3.0 
3.4 

2.2 
3.5 
2.4 


West Virginia 


North Carolina 


South Carolina 


Florida 


East South Central: 1 
Kentucky 


Tennessee 


West South Central: 
Arkansas 


Louisiana 


Oklahoma 


Texas 


Mountain: 
Montana 


Idaho 


Wyoming 


Colorado- 


18 
8 
8 
5 
1 

13 
13 

59 


New Mexico 

Arizona. .. 


Utah . . 


Nevada 


Pacific: 
Washington 


Oregon 


California 



1 No report received from the State prison in Georgia, Alabama, or Mississippi. 

2 For 1933, the State prisoners in the New Castle County Workhouse were included in the report for jails. 

Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 



PRISONERS 



75 



No. 63. STATE AND FEDERAL PRISONS AND REFORMATORIES AND COUNTY 
AND CITY JAILS : PRISONERS RECEIVED FROM COURTS, BY SEX AND OFFENSE 



Offense 


State and Federal prisons (entire year) 


County and 
city jails (6 
mos. only), 
1933 ' 


1934 


1935 


Total 


Per- 
cent * 


Total 


Male 


Fe- 
male 


Per- 
cent 2 


Total 


Per- 
cent 


All offenses _ _ . 


62, 251 


100.0 


65, 723 


62, 569 


8,154 


100.0 


240,930 


100.0 


TTnmjnide 


4,123 
7,118 
2,440 
1,185 
13,486 
9,984 
3, 452 
2,032 
664 
3,509 
1,403 
414 
1,720 
1,762 
4,228 
430 
463 
450 


5.6 
11.5 
3.9 
1.9 
21.7 
16.1 
5.6 
3.3 
1.1 
5.6 
2.3 
.7 
2.8 
2.8 
6.8 
.7 
.7 
.7 


3,899 
6, 599 
2,319 
1,235 
13, 797 
11,364 
3,388 
2,114 
729 
4,018 
1,584 
415 
1,649 
2,014 
5,878 
318 
365 
443 


3,595 
6,503 
2,177 
1,190 
13, 673 
10, 910 
3,359 
2,046 
682 
3,857 
1,584 
221 
1,273 
1,743 
5,704 
313 
308 
434 


304 
96 
142 
45 
124 
454 
29 
68 
47 
161 


5.9 
10.1 
3.5 
1.9 
21.0 
17.3 
5.2 
3.2 
1.1 
6.1 
2.4 
.6 
2.5 
3.1 
9.0 
.5 
.6 
.7 


362 
782 
1,572 
9,562 
3,076 
22,771 
637 
3,496 
584 
718 
348 
1,677 
2,757 
1,461 
17, 121 
2,114 
2,386 
16, 211 
3,984 
2,987 
9,240 
120,980 
2,510 
18,827 
10, 978 


.2 
.3 
.7 
4.2 
1.3 
9.9 
.3 
1.5 
.3 
.3 
.2 
.7 
L2 
.6 
7.4 
.9 
1.0 
7.0 
1.7 
1.3 
4.0 
52.6 
1.1 
8.2 


Robbery _- .- 


Aggravated assault 


Otherassault ... - 


Burglary 


Larceny, except auto theft 


Auto theft 


F.mhf>.7.7,]fimpTit and fraud 


Stolen property 


Forgery 


Rape 


Prostitution and commercialized vice. . 
Other sex offenses 


194 
376 
271 
174 

5 
57 
9 


Violating drug laws 


Violating liquor laws 


Carrying weapons, etc 


Nonsupport or neglect. 


Violating traffic and motor-vehicle laws- 
Driving while intoxicated 


Violating road and driving laws- 














Violating other motor- vehicle laws 














Disorderly conduct and drunkenness 3 __ 
Gambling 


1,005 
16 
2,250 
117 


1.6 


*! 

2,328 
106 


765 
47 
2,084 
101 


349 


L7 
.1 
3.5 


Other offcn'^es 


3.6 


244 
5 


Not reported- -_ . . 













1 Figures include only jails which submitted definite reports; the estimated total number received from 
courts was 304,242. 

2 Based on number of prisoners for whom the offense was reported. 

3 Includes vagrancy. 

No. 64. COUNTY AND CITY JAILS: PRISONERS DISCHARGED, BY OFFENSE AND 

TIME SERVED, 1933 

[Data for county and city jails are collected decennially only] 



Offense 


Totali 


Un- 
der 5 
days 


5 to 9 
days 


10 to 
19 

days 


20 to 
29 
days 


Imo. 


2 

mos. 


3 

mos. 


4 and 
5 
mos. 


6to8 
mos. 


9 to 11 
mos. 


lyr. 
and 
over 


All offenses 


237, 534 


44,098 


35, 125 


57,068 


25, 998 


34,800 


13,964 


8,512 


8,085 


3,681 


2,400 


2,671 


Homicide 


291 
777 
1,416 
8,895 
2,908 
22,521 
479 
3,339 
519 
767 
347 

1,578 
2,639 
1,439 
2,199 
2,581 
17, 924 
3,789 

2,928 
9,280 

100,032 
19,544 
2,455 
17,804 
11,083 


9 
38 
70 
696 
149 
1,451 
23 
222 
35 
29 
15 

231 
263 
252 
117 
170 
965 
510 

1,374 

4,748 

18,056 
1,987 
500 
3,084 
9,104 


15 
50 
79 
901 
128 
1,905 
34 
282 
48 
42 
16 

134 
206 
52 
114 
181 
801 
309 

524 
1,063 

22,215 
2,417 
453 
2,869 
287 


13 
73 
140 
2,080 
221 
4,231 
44 
602 
79 
51 
25 

311 
589 
61 
213 
217 
1,738 
930 

489 
1,120 

31, 719 
5,832 
958 
4,806 
526 


19 
35 
108 
1,286 
170 
3,079 
27 
317 
60 
35 
16 

187 
359 
62 
207 
232 
1,718 
414 

203 
669 

11,371 
3,181 
159 
1,830 
254 


31 
70 
243 
1,736 
374 
4,925 
61 
667 
103 
106 
31 

402 
430 
119 
526 
368 
4,983 
947 

220 
800 

11,428 
3,141 
199 
2,525 
365 


36 
63 
186 
718 
299 
2,107 
68 
410 
55 
79 
34 

94 
220 
116 
260 
299 
2,819 
329 

53 
318 

2,622 
1,729 
68 
820 
162 


21 
58 
127 
438 
229 
1,264 
48 
218 
42 
63 
27 

73 
183 
296 
160 
300 
1,912 
196 

29 
205 

1,356 
580 
39 
532 
116 


30 
72 
144 
439 
369 
1,349 
60 
325 
41 
123 
45 

66 
175 
179 
223 
365 
1,849 
89 

14 
173 

787 
506 
27 
498 
137 


30 
71 
127 
208 
277 
663 
47 
120 
27 
79 
39 

29 
70 
45 
120 
154 
749 
33 

4 
76 

168 
76 
40 
383 
46 


17 
75 
100 
139 
243 
647 
22 
83 
10 
86 
37 

17 
54 
64 
110 
197 
162 
10 

67 

38 
24 

"""167 
31 


63 
155 
78 
187 
391 
673 
39 
73 
15 
64 
58 

25 
70 
176 
125 

88 
77 

4 
26 

34 
25 
4 
205 
16 


Robbery 


Aggravated assault 


Other assault 


Burglary 


Larceny, except auto theft- 
Auto theft 


Embezzlement and fraud- 
Stolen property 


Forgery 


Rape 


Prostitution and commer- 
cialized vice 


Other sex offenses 


Viola tin g drug laws . 


Carrying weapons, etc 
Nonsupport or neglect 
Violating liquor laws 
Driving while intoxicated. 
Violating road and driving 
laws -. . 


Violating other motor-ve- 
hicle laws 


Disorderly conduct and 
drunkenness . 


Vagrancy 


Gambling. 


Other offenses 


Not reported 





1 Includes 1,132 prisoners for whom time served was not reported. 

Source of tables 63 and 64: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 



76 



PRISONERS 



No. 65. MOVEMENT OF POPULATION IN STATE AND FEDERAL PRISONS 
AND REFORMATORIES: BY SEX, 1935 



Item 


Total 


Male 


Female 


Item 


Total 


Male 


Female 


Prisoners present Jan. l._ 
In institutions 


138, 316 
118, 242 


133, 769 
114, 025 


4, 547 
4,217 


Discharges during year 
Continued. 








Outside institutions 


20, 074 


19, 744 


330 


Paroled 


30 408 


28 733 


1 675 


Admissions during year 


81, 681 


77, 971 


3,710 


Conditional release 
Pardoned 


4,685 
2,047 


4,476 
1 975 


209 
72 


Received from courts .. 
Parole violators re- 


65,723 


62, 569 


3,154 


Otherwise released 
Executed . 


1,946 
123 


1,775 
122 


171 
1 


turned. . 


4,795 


4,565 


230 


Died 


901 


881 


20 


Escaped prisoners re- 








Escaped . 


1,289 


1,200 


89 


captured 


1,147 


1,031 


116 










Transferred from other 
penal institutions 


9,321 


9,193 


128 


Transferred to other pe- 
nal institutions 


10, 598 


10 414 


184 


Other admissions 


695 


613 


82 










Discharges during year 


64,734 


61, 499 


3,235 


Prisoners present Dec. 31 . 
In institutions 


144, 665 
123 464 


139, 827 
119 033 


4,838 
4 431 


Sentence expired 


23,335 


22,337 


998 


Outside institutions- 


21,201 


20, 794 


407 



















Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 

No. 66. STATE AND FEDERAL PRISONS AND REFORMATORIES: PRISONERS 
DISCHARGED, BY OFFENSE, SENTENCE, AND TIME SERVED, 1935 



Offense and sentence 


Total 


Time served 


Un- 
der 6 
mos. 


6 to 
11 
mos. 


1 
year 


2 
years 


3 

years 


4 
years 


5 
years 


6 to 9 
years 


10 to 
19 
years 


20 to 
29 
years 


30 
years 
and 
over 


Not 
re- 
port- 
ed 


All offenses. _. 
Homicide 


64,734 


6,128 


14, 350 


20, 732 


9,253 


5,608 


2,952 


2,097 


2,651 


847 


59 


8 


49 


3,578 
7,248 
2,316 
1,102 
14, 266 

10, 937 
3,621 

2,053 
750 
3,851 
1,390 
2,095 
1,585 

4, 591 
5,296 
55 

136, 237 


189 
141 
202 
299 
663 

1,151 
148 

121 

85 
146 
48 
150 
50 

1,390 
1,339 
6 

4,847 


339 
395 

567 
263 
2,497 

3,231 
662 

653 
239 
911 
141 

422 
392 

2,281 
1,341 
16 

10, 374 


732 
1,280 
741 
362 
5,522 

3,909 
1,480 

796 
249 
1,453 
375 
729 
734 

711 
1,640 
19 

10, 335 


508 
1,369 
354 
90 
2,546 

1,320 
683 

217 
98 
605 
224 
354 
' 256 

128 
494 

7 

4,355 


344 
1,241 
197 
39 
1,435 

703 
341 

151 
44 
303 
178 
172 
116 

53 
288 
3 

2,809 


244 
930 
94 
23 
675 

265 
138 

46 
22 
195 
100 
91 
26 

15 
86 
2 

1,295 


259 
763 
71 
12 
422 

142 
83 

22 
3 
109 
82 
66 
5 

8 
49 
1 

835 


532 
893 
70 
13 
406 

197 
79 

43 
9 
119 
156 
85 
6 

3 
39 
J 

1,058 


368 
232 
16 


48 
2 
1 


7 


8 
2 
3 
1 
9 

6 


Robbery 


Aggravated assault.. 
Other assault 


Burglary 


89 

13 

7 


1 


1 


Larceny, except 
auto theft 


Auto theft 






Embezzlement and 
fraud 






2 
1 
2 
1 
3 


Stolen property 
Forgery 






8 
79 
22 






Rape 


6 

1 





Other sex offenses .... 
Violating drug laws. 
Violating liquor 
laws 


1 
10 






1 
10 




* 










DEFINITE SENTENCE 
ONLY 

Total 


456 


48 


6 


19 


Under 1 year 


4,249 
10,703 
7,460 
3,650 
1,255 
3,369 
2,005 
1,348 
314 
505 
503 
103 
51 
531 
54 


3,543 
660 
256 
126 
20 
78 
19 
26 
6 
11 
16 
3 
1 
19 
3 


695 
8,049 
993 
267 
50 
123 
44 
34 
5 
14 
21 
1 
1 
20 
12 


7 
1,982 
5,826 
1,474 
228 
440 
129 
83 
14 
28 
35 
12 
4 
28 
20 




1 














3 
3 


1 year 


4 
378 
1,656 
603 
1,171 
314 
74 
22 
42 
35 
6 
7 
32 
7 






1 


2 

1 
1 


2 

1 
1 








4 
123 
314 
1,221 
653 
156 
14 
39 
42 
5 
3 
31 
3 


1 












2 




39 

263 
641 
288 
51 
50 
35 
5 
2 
16 
4 




1 










64 
203 
420 
46 
35 
31 
9 
2 
20 
4 


3 

102 
254 
144 
236 
164 
22 
9 
118 
1 


2 






4 








10 years 


12 
12 
50 
120 
37 
15 
204 






1 
















20 to 29 years 


2 
2 
6 
38 


._.. 

1 
4 


2 


30 to 98 years 


99 years 


.... 


Life 


Minnritv 













1 Includes 137 prisoners who had been received under a death sentence. 
Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 



JUVENILE DELINQUENTS 77 

No. 67. JUVENILE DELINQUENTS IN STATE INSTITUTIONS: By STATES, 1933 



State 


Pres- 
ent 
Jan- 
uaryl 


Received from courts 


State 


Pres- 
ent 
Jan- 
uaryl 


Received from courts 


Total 


Male 


Fe- 
male 


Total 


Male 


Fe- 
male 


United States ._ 

New England : 
Maine 


30,496 


17,017 


13,163 


3,864 


South Atlantic Con. 
Virginia 


749 
612 
1,129 
400 
729 
498 

1,106 
479 
907 
216 

206 
171 
615 
1,192 

276 
41 
157 
403 
164 
78 
158 
25 

186 
166 
1,157 


405 
361 
514 
235 
572 
365 

396 
279 
412 
157 

321 
84 
396 
593 

92 
3 
46 
219 

127 
148 
54 
12 

184 
119 
900 


305 
263 
392 
227 
500 
316 

291 

211 
345 
103 

250 
58 
225 
462 

61 
2 
32 
140 
105 
127 
39 
12 

184 
94 

778 


100 
98 
122 
8 
72 
49 

105 

68 
67 
54 

71 
26 
171 
131 

31 
1 
14 
79 
22 
21 
15 


335 
125 
253 

787 
232 
594 

1,967 
1,133 
2,628 

1,584 
775 
856 
951 
643 

734 
721 
1,258 
245 
161 
447 
355 

527 
762 
603 


101 
56 
74 
570 
248 
190 

872 
1,573 
866 

1,182 
296 
506 
398 
294 

661 
281 
472 
101 
62 
158 
194 

79 
372 
417 


73 
35 
54 
441 
230 
127 

696 
1,300 
629 

878 
206 
336 
293 
204 

430 
228 
377 
75 
49 
98 
142 

41 
316 
373 


28 
21 
20 
129 
18 
63 

176 
273 
237 

304 
90 
170 
105 
90 

231 
53 
95 
26 
13 
60 
52 

38 
56 
44 


West Virginia... 
North Carolina. . 
South Carolina.. 
Georgia 


New Hampshire- 
Vermont 


Massachusetts- . 
Rhode Island 
Connecticut 


Florida 


East South Central: 
Kentucky 


Middle Atlantic: 
New York 


Tennfissfle 


Alabama. 


New Jersey 


Mississippi 


Pennsylvania- .. 
East North Central: 
Ohio 


West South Central: 
Arkansas 


Louisiana 


Indiana 


Oklahoma 


Illinois 


Texas _ 


Michigan 


Mountain: 
Montana 




West North Central: 
Minnesota 


Idaho . 


Wyoming 




Colorado 


Missouri . 


New Mexico 
Arizona 


North Dakota. .. 
South Dakota 


Utah. 


Nebraska 


Nevada 


Kansas 


Pacific: 
Washington 




South Atlantic: 
Delaware 


Oregon 
California 


25 
122 


Maryland 


Dist. of Col 





No. 68. JUVENILE DELINQUENTS RECEIVED FROM COURTS: BY OFFENSE 

SEX, AND AGE, 1933 



Offense 


Total 


Sex 


Age (years) 


Male 


Fe- 
male 


Under 
12 


12 


13 


14 


15 


16 


17 


18 


19 
and 
20 


All offenses 


17, 017 


13, 153 


3,864 


1,137 


1,246 


1,877 


2,834 


3,733 


3,186 


2,042 


593 


369 


Homicide-- 


57 
247 
222 
2,177 
3,876 
579 
78 
79 
209 

41 

58 

26 

202 
46 
375 

246 
553 

133 
361 
2,556 
4,075 
403 
418 


55 
245 
209 
2,166 
3,727 
579 
74 
79 
63 

41 
58 

26 

163 
23 
355 

183 
66 

12 

184 
1,579 
2,572 
370 
324 


2 
2 
13 
11 
149 

~~~4 


2 
2 
10 
95 
322 
2 


3 
4 

13 
121 
361 
7 


5 
14 
16 
200 
490 
22 
3 
3 
9 


11 
13 
21 
277 
674 
56 
4 
7 
29 


6 
39 
61 
419 
796 
128 
7 
25 
57 

7 
16 

3 

44 
9 

55 

56 
136 

28 
88 
539 
1,014 
130 
70 


14 
50 
51 
478 
654 
163 
23 
21 
49 

17 
13 

6 

40 
17 
67 

34 
122 

32 

56 
554 
657 
18 
50 


9 
62 
33 
351 
375 
134 
19 
11 
41 

12 
11 

12 

29 
7 
72 

13 
120 

11 
32 

263 
393 
8 
24 


2 
22 
13 
141 
139 
36 
12 
4 
8 

2 

5 

4 

6 
2 
23 

6 
19 

7 
2 
52 
76 


5 
41 
4 

95 
65 
31 
10 

7 
6 

2 

7 

1 

10 
2 
16 

3 

5 
1 
17 
37 


Robbery . 


Assault 


Burglary ... . . 


Larceny, except auto theft. .. 
Auto theft 


Forgery . 


Rape 




1 

7 

1 


Other sex offenses 


146 


3 


Carrying, etc., deadly weap- 
ons 


Violations of liquor laws 
Violations of traffic and motor 
vehicle laws. - 




1 






5 










Disorderly conduct and va- 
grancy 


39 
23 

20 

63 

487 

121 
177 
977 
1,503 
33 
94 


9 
2 
35 

32 

6 

8 
22 
195 
286 
43 
62 


16 
2 
19 

29 
16 

6 
22 
182 
319 
60 
57 


19 

1 
32 

26 
49 

15 

48 
292 
508 
57 
68 


29 
4 
56 

50 
82 

21 

90 
462 
785 
87 
71 


Drunkenness .. 


All other offenses 


Other reasons: 
Violation of parole or pro- 
bation. . - - 


Immorality and sex delin- 
quency 


In danger of leading im- 
moral life . . 


Running away 


Incorrigibility 


Delinquency. . 


Truancy from school 


Other reasons 


12 


4 





Source of tables 67 and 68: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 



78 



CHILDKEN UNDER INSTITUTIONAL CARE 



No. 69. CHILDREN UNDER INSTITUTIONAL CARE: BY TYPE OF CARE, BY 
STATES, DECEMBER 31, 1933 



State 


Total 


Insti- 
tution- 


Foster home 


State 


Total 


Insti- 
tution 


Foster home 


Free 


Board- 
ing 


Work- 
ing 


Free 


Board- 
ing 


Work- 
ing 


U. S 

N.England: 
Maine 


242, 929 


140, 352 


31, 538 


66, 350 


4,689 


S. Atl. Con. 
Va 


3,448 
2,249 
4,238 
2,128 
2,072 
1, 783 

3,805 
3,388 
1,881 
1,238 

598 
2,193 
2,487 
5,685 

1,126 
422 
318 
2,207 
394 
411 
351 
89 

1,953 
1,420 
7,146 


2,087 
1,209 
3,941 
1,959 
1,773 
1,288 

2,874 
2,902 
1,189 
545 

562 
1,994 
2, 241 
5,074 

830 
168 
135 
1,911 
387 
360 
134 
89 

1,502 
802 
4,448 


1,075 
978 
228 
149 
115 
460 

362 
338 
364 
689 

17 
133 
230 
311 

238 
163 
135 
137 


256 
60 
62 
19 
176 
35 


30 
2 
7 
1 

8 


3,096 
1,381 
1,141 
12,368 
2,445 
5,073 

47, 937 
7,252 
29.737 

18, 962 
7,876 
15, 452 
6,499 
5,116 

5,018 
2,961 
5,798 
483 
890 
1,612 
2,057 

568 
4,249 
1,928 


904 
968 
503 
2,472 
1,229 
2,511 

25,235 
3,086 
16,990 

10, 976 
4,817 
10, 301 
2,703 
2,854 

1,563 
2,012 
4,029 
285 
753 
1,092 
1,234 

234 
2,283 
914 


448 
62 
359 
1,324 
171 
268 

3,174 

724 
2,662 

2,255 
1,952 
1,898 
1,652 
957 

1,752 
832 
1,099 
128 
133 
437 
714 

235 
642 
150 


1,659 
255 
263 
7,952 
983 
2,160 

19,026 
3,238 
9,570 

5,274 
1,078 
2,836 
1,957 
1,055 

1,409 
71 
597 
56 
4 
38 
89 

97 
1,227 
820 


85 
96 
16 
620 
62 
134 

502 
204 
515 

457 
29 
417 
187 
250 

294 
46 
73 
14 


W. Va._. 


N. C. 


N H 


S. C 


Vt 


Ga... 


Mass 


Fla 


R. I 


E. S. Central: 
Ky 


537 
129 
323 
1 

6 
36 

11 
273 

40 
85 
21 
126 
6 
28 
142 


32 
19 
5 
3 

13 
30 
5 
27 

18 
6 
27 
33 
1 
2 
1 


Conn 


Mid. Atlantic: 

N. Y 


Tenn 


Ala.. 


N J 


Miss 


Pa 


W. S. Central : 

Ark 


E. N. Central: 
Ohio 


La.._ 


Ind 


Okla 


111 


Tex 


Mich 


Mountain : 
Mont 


Wis 


W. N. Central: 
'Minn 


Idaho. .- 


Wyo 


Iowa _. 


Colo... 


Mo 


N. Mex 
Ariz 


N. Dak 
S. Dak 


21 

74 


Utah. 


Nebr 


45 
20 

2 
97 

44 


Nev 


Kans 


Pacific: 
Wash 


313 
294 
686 


127 
289 
1,848 


11 
35 

164 


S.Atlantic: 
Del. 


Oreg.-. 


Md 


Calif 


Dist. of Col . 





Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 



No. 70. CHILDREN UNDER INSTITUTIONAL CARE: BY AGE, SEX, TYPE OP 
CARE, COLOR, AND YEARS UNDER CARE, DECEMBER 31, 1933 



Item 


Total 


Sex 


Age (years) 


Male 


Female 


Under 
1 


Ito5 


6 to 9 


10 to 13 


Hand 
15 


16 and 
17 


18 to 20 


Un- 
known 


Total 


242, 929 


128, 982 


113,947 


6,269 


36, 897 


57, 092 


78, 829 


32, 705 


20, 740 


10, 030 


867 


Type of care: 
Institution 


140, 352 
31, 538 
66, 350 
4,689 

128,982 
113,947 

222, 788 
15,883 
4,258 

48,564 
37, 156 
32,995 
29,240 
22, 324 
57,232 
11,692 
3,247 
479 


75, 677 
15,634 
35,922 
1,749 

128,982 


64,675 
15,904 
30,428 
2,940 


2,747 
1,810 
1,708 
4 

3,312 
2,957 

5,915 
286 
68 

6,269 


14, 720 
6,879 
15,273 
25 

20,005 
16, 892 

33, 516 
2,913 
468 

11,684 
10,418 
7,020 
4,369 
2,351 
1,027 


35, 028 
5,114 
16, 902 

48 

30,999 
26, 093 

51,836 
4,063 
1, 193 

13, 334 
10, 776 
9,349 
7,878 
5,533 
10, 159 


52, 334 
6,456 
19,429 
110 

42, 202 
36, 127 

71, 577 
5,188 
1,564 

11, 721 
10,620 
10,889 
10, 546 
8,731 
22,483 
3,201 


20, 190 
3,911 
8, 143 
461 

17, 013 
15,692 

30, 314 
1,890 
501 

3,387 
3,210 
3,577 
3,708 
3,242 
11,979 
3,037 
500 
65 


10, 801 
4,316 
3,721 
1,902 

10, 193 
10, 547 

19, 509 
963 
268 

,400 
1,572 
,661 
,961 
,786 
7,969 
3,184 
1,158 
49 


3,919 
2,937 
1,056 
2,118 

4,822 
5,208 

9,413 
496 
121 

617 
413 
413 
687 
637 
3, 495 
2,249 
1,580 
39 


613 
115 
118 
21 

436 
431 

708 
84 
75 

252 
147 
86 
91 
44 
120 
21 
9 
97 


Foster home 
Boarding home.. 
Workinghome.- 
Sex: 
Male 


Female 


113,947 

103,710 
7,665 
2,572 

22, 733 
17,411 
15,269 
13, 780 
10, 477 
27, 054 
5.578 
1,427 
218 


Color: 
White 


119, 078 
8,218 
1,686 

25,831 
19, 745 
17, 726 
15,460 
11,847 
30, 178 
6,114 
1,820 
261 


Negro 


Other races 
Time under care: 
Under 1 year 
1 year 


2 years 




3 years 




4 years 




5 to 9 years 
10 to 13 years 
14 to 20 years 
Not reported 














28 


63 


138 





Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 



BLIND AND DEAFMUTES 



79 



No . 71. CHILDREN UNDER INSTITUTIONAL CARE: BY SEX AND PRESENT 
WHEREABOUTS OF FATHER AND MOTHER, DECEMBER 31, 1933 



Present whereabouts of 
father or mother 


Total 


Male 


Female 


Present whereabouts of 
father or mother 


Total 


Male 


Female 


Total 


242, 929 


128, 982 


113,947 


Legitimate children Con. 
























Legitimate children 


211, 153 


111,581 


99, 572 


unknown 


6,119 


3,35 


2,764 


Both parents dead. . . 
Father dead 


21, 834 
38 223 


11,319 
21 006 


10, 515 
17, 217 


Mother living, father 
unknown 


21, 237 


11,469 


9,768 


Mother living 
Mother unknown 


31, 302 
6,921 


17,368 
3,638 


13,934 
3,283 


Both parents un- 
known 


21, 875 


11, 741 


10, 134 


Mother dead 


51 965 


26,580 


25,385 


Illegitimate children 


31, 778 


17 401 


14,375 


Father living 


38, 414 


19,549 


18,865 


Mother dead 


1,815 


971 


844 


Father unknown 


13,551 


7,031 


6,520 


Mother living 


20,630 


11,130 


9,500 


Both parents living. .. 


49,900 


26,111 


23, 789 


Mother unknown 


9,331 


5,300 


4,031 



No. 72. BLIND AND DEAFMUTES: 1890 TO 1930 

NOTE. Variations in the number of blind and deafmutes are due in large part to changes in methods of 
enumeration. For a discussion of methods used and other factors affecting the accuracy of the data, see 
report of the Bureau of the Census, "The Blind and Deafmutes in the United States, 1930" 



Race 


Blind 


Deafmutes i 


Age 


Blind 


Deafmutes 


Total 


Male 


Fe- 
male 


Total 


Male 


Fe- 
male 


Total 


Male 


Fe- 
male 


Total 


Male 


Fe- 
male 


1890 


50,568 
64,763 
57,272 
52, 567 
63, 593 
52,924 
9,169 
784 
681 
35 


2s. OMl 

37,054 
32,443 
30,160 
36,585 
30, 302 
5,422 
450 
380 
31 


22,488 
27,709 
24,829 
22,407 
27,008 
22,622 
3,747 
334 
301 
4 


40,592 
24, 369 
44,708 
44,885 
57, 123 
52, 193 
4,202 
410 
283 
35 


22,429 
13, 495 
10,507 
19,166 
29,267 
26,694 
2,164 
216 
168 
25 


18,163 
10,874 
8,646 
15,860 
27,856 
25,499 
2,038 
194 
115 
10 


1930, by age: 
Under 5._ 
5to9 
10 to 14... 
15 to 19... 
20 to 24.. . 
25 to 44... 
45 to 64... 
65 a n d 
over 
Unknown 


505 
1,113 
1,815 
2,040 
1,971 
10,072 
17,855 

28,152 
70 


284 
648 
1,042 
1,172 
1,187 
6,335 
11,171 

14, 705 
41 


221 
465 
773 
868 
784 
3,737 
6,684 

13,447 
29 


919 
3,950 
6,262 
5,674 
4,708 
16, 801 
12, 343 

6,388 
78 


501 
2,082 
3,324 
3,053 
2,470 
8,626 
6,144 

3,027 
40 


418 
1,868 
2,938 
2,621 
2,238 
8,175 
6,199 

3,361 
38 


1900 


1910 


1920 


1930 


White. ... 
Negro 
Mexican.. 
Indian 
Allother. 



i Figures for 1900 and male and female for 1910 and 1920 cover the returns on special schedules only. 
No. 73. BLIND AND DEAFMUTES IN THE POPULATION: BY STATES, 1930 

[Ratio equals number per 100,000 of population] 



State 


Blind 


Deafmutes 


State 


Blind 


Deafmutes 


Num- 
ber 


Ratio 


Num- 
ber 


Ratio 


Num- 
ber 


Ratio 


Num- 
ber 


Ratio 


United States. 
New England : 


63,593 


51.8 


57, 123 


46.5 


S. Atlantic Contd. 


1,405 
814 
1,318 
1,028 
1,788 
816 

1,977 
1,540 
1,415 
1,121 

1,101 
1,252 
1,167 
2,606 

235 
156 
53 
751 
607 
259 
238 
64 

792 

496 
2,597 


58.0 
47.1 
41.6 
59.1 
61.5 
55.6 

75.6 
58.9 
53.5 
55.8 

59.4 
59.6 
48.7 
44.7 

43.7 
35.1 
23.5 
72.5 
143.4 
59.5 
46.9 
70.3 

50,7 
52.0 
45.7 


1.373 
791 
1,334 
846 
1,288 
725 

1,316 
1,426 
1,048 
829 

918 
1,062 
1,372 
2,348 

305 
136 
60 
532 
263 
174 
277 
30 

746 
549 
2,101 


56.7 
45.7 
42.1 
48.7 
44.3 
49.4 

50.3 
54.5 
39.6 
41.2 

49.5 
50.5 
57.3 
40.3 

56.7 
30.6 
26.6 
51.4 
62.1 
39.9 
54.5 
32.9 

47.7 
57.6 
37.0 


626 
251 
223 
1,924 
347 
581 

4,418 
1,222 
4,373 

4,154 
2,204 
4,490 
1,742 
1,530 

1,049 
1,577 
3,879 
195 
253 
552 
1,246 

101 
799 
261 


78.5 
53.9 
62.0 
45.3 
50.5 
36.2 

35.1 
30.2 
45.4 

62.5 
68.1 
58.8 
36.0 
52.1 

4|0.9 
63.8 
106.9 
28.6 
36.5 
40.1 
66.2 

42.4 
49.0 
53.6 


444 

222 
214 
1,820 
339 
568 

5,373 
1,324 
4,699 

3,047 
1,713 
3,315 
2,336 
1,757 

1, 226 
1,162 
1,999 
306 
425 
854 
1,173 

64 
737 
157 


55.7 
47.7 
59.5 
42.8 
49.3 
35.3 

42.7 
32.8 
48.8 

45.8 
52.9 
43.4 
48.2 
59.8 

47.8 
47.0 
55.1 
44.9 
61.3 
62.0 
62.4 

26.8 
45.2 
32.2 


West Virginia 
North Carolina 


New Hampshire 
Vprmnnt 


South Carolina. .. 
Georgia 


Massachusetts 
Rhode Island 
Connecticut 
Middle Atlantic: 
Xew York 


Florida 


East South Central: 
Kentucky 


Tennessee - 


Alabama 


New Jersey 


Mississippi 


Penns y 1 vania 
East North Central : 
Ohio 


West South Central : 
Arkansas 


Louisiana 


Indiana 


Oklahoma 


Illinois 


Texas - 


Michigan 


Mountain : 
Montana 




West North Central : 
Minnesota 


Idaho 


Wyoming 


Iowa 


Colorado 


Missouri 


New Mexico 
Arizona 


North Dakota 
South Dakota 
Nebraska 


Utah 


Nevada- 


TTfinsfts 


Pacific: 
Washington 
Oregon 


South Atlantic: 
Delaware 


Maryland 


California 


Dist. of Columbia- 





Source of tables 71, 72, and 73: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 
150214 38 7 



3. VITAL STATISTICS 

GENERAL NOTE. Vital statistics are registered by the States in the first instance, but duplicates of the 
original certificates of individual births and deaths are received and tabulated by the Census Bureau. 
Owing to the gradual expansion of the "registration" areas up to 1933 (see tables 74, 81, and 91), the number 
of births and deaths for the areas as a whole are not strictly comparable but, in most cases, the rates are 
affected very slightly. Beginning with 1933, all States are included in both the birth and the death registra- 
tion area. 

General tables cover the registration area in continental United States. Hawaii, Puerto Rico, and the 
Virgin Islands are shown separately in table 89. Stillbirths, shown in table 85, are excluded from data 
for both births and deaths. 

The term "urban" as used in the birth and mortality statistics in this section includes the population 
living in cities having 10,000 or more inhabitants while "rural" includes minor cities with population from 
2,5000 to 10,000 in addition to strictly rural areas. 

Rates for 1930 to 1935, except as noted, are based upon revised estimates of population as of July 1, shown 
in table 11, p. 9. Revised population estimates for July 1, 1930, to 1935, are not available by race or by age 
groups, or for cities and rural areas. 

In all tables showing data by color, Mexicans have been included with the white. Where data for 
"white" and "other races" shown in this issue of the Statistical Abstract differ from similar data published 
in previous issues, it is so indicated by notes. 



No. 74. DEATHS: 



NUMBER AND RATES IN THE 
AREA, 1880 TO 1935 

NOTE. See general note above 



DEATH REGISTRATION 



Year 


Registration area 


All deaths 


Deaths under 
1 year of age 


Deaths under 
5 years of age 


Population 


Percent 
ofU.S 
total 
popula- 
tion 


Percent 
ofU.S. 
total 
area 


Number 


Rate 
per 
1,000 
popula- 
tion 


Number 


Percent 
of all 

deaths 


Number 


Percent 
of all 
deaths 


1880'__. 


8, 538, 366 
19,659,440 
30, 765, 618 
31, 370, 952 

32, 029, 815 
32, 701, 083 
33, 345, 163 
34, 052, 201 

41, 983, 419 
43, 016, 990 
46,789,913 
50,870,518 
53, 831, 742 

59, 183, 071 
60,359,974 
63, 200, 625 
65,813,316 
67,095,681 

71,349,162 
74, 984. 498 
81,333,675 
85, 166, 043 
87, 632, 592 

89, 102, 434 
93, 866, 240 
97, 816, 104 
100, 082, 062 
102, 951, 999 

104, 938, 301 
108, 177, 568 
114,258,516 
116,317,515 
118,472,000 

119, 479, 000 
120, 291, 000 
125,770,000 
126, 626, 000 
127, 521, 000 


17.0 
31.2 
40.5 
40.3 

40.4 
40.4 
40.4 
40.4 

48.9 
49.2 
52.5 
56.1 
68.3 

63.2 
63.5 
65.5 
67.2 
67.5 

70.8 
73.4 
78.5 
81.1 
82.3 

82.3 
85.4 
87.7 
88.4 
89.6 

90.1 
91.5 
95.3 
95.7 
96.2 

96.3 
96.3 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


0.6 
3.0 
7.1 
7.2 

7.2 
7.2 
7.2 
7.2 

20.3 
20.3 
24.4 
25.7 
33.6 

37.2 
37.2 
38.6 
41. 3 
4L3 

44.0 
45.4 
52.0 
55.5 
58.0 

58.0 
66.1 
68.0 
70.3 
70.9 

74.7 
76.5 
80.8 
88.6 
91.2 

91.2 
91.2 
100.0 
100. 
100.0 


169, 453 
386,212 
539,939 
518,207 

508,640 
524, 415 
551,354 
545, 533 

658, 105 
687, 034 
691, 574 
732, 538 
805, 412 

839, 284 
838,251 
890, 848 
898, 059 
909, 155 

1, 001, 921 
1, 068, 932 
1,471,367 
1, 096, 436 
1, 142, 558 

1,032,009 
1, 101, 863 
1, 193, 017 
1, 173, 990 
1, 219, 019 

1, 285, 927 
1, 236, 949 
1, 378, 675 
1, 386, 363 
1, 343, 356 

1,322,587 
1, 308, 529 
1, 342, 106 
1,396,903 
1, 392, 752 


19.8 
19. 6 
17.6 
16.5 

15.9 

16.0 
16.5 
16.0 

15.7 
16.0 
14.8 
14.4 
15.0 

14.2 
13.9 
14.1 
13.6 
13.6 

14.0 
14.3 
18. 1 
12.9 
13.0 

11.6 
11.7 
12.2 
11.7 

11.8 

12.3 
11.4 
12.1 
11.9 
11.3 

11.1 
10.9 
10.7 
11.0 
10.9 


48,041 
86,790 
111,687 
97, 477 

98, 575 
96,857 
102, 880 
105, 553 

133, 105 
131,110 
136, 432 
140, 057 
154, 373 

149, 322 
147, 455 
159, 435 
155,075 
148, 561 

164, 660 
171, 024 
193, 855 
161, 621 
174,710 

160,011 
158,560 
166, 274 
161, 404 
161, 961 

163, 343 
147, 134 
155, 858 
148, 886 
145, 374 

132, 874 
121,267 
120, 887 
130, 185 
120, 138 


28.3 
22.5 
20.7 
18.8 

19.4 
18.5 
18.7 
19.3 

20.2 
19.1 
19.7 
19.1 
19.2 

17.8 
17.6 
17.9 
17.3 
16.3 

16.4 
16.0 
13.2 
14.7 
15.3 

15.5 
14.4 
13.9 
13.7 
13.3 

12.7 
11.9 
11.3 
10.7 
10.8 

10.0 
9.3 
9.0 
9.3 

8.6 


74, 810 
133, 778 
164, 137 
141, 678 

143, 515 
139, 940 
145, 902 
147, 384 

186, 978 
183,774 
189, 865 
196, 534 
217,319 

209, 482 
204, 639 
225, 129 
214, 120 
203, 223 

234, 081 
243, 708 
306, 143 
229,813 
248, 432 

220, 688 
218, 201 
233, 918 
220, 122 
218, 294 

226, 824 
199,507 
216,090 
206,028 
195,200 

178, 537 
160, 508 
161, 902 
173, 360 
156,945 


44.0 
34.6 
30.4 
27.3 

28.2 
26.7 
26.5 
27.0 

28.4 
26.7 
27.5 
26.8 
27.0 

25.0 
24.4 
25.3 
23.8 
22.4 

23.4 
22.8 
20.8 
21.0 
21.7 

21.4 
19.8 
19.6 
18.7 
17.9 

17.6 
16.1 
16.7 
14.9 
14.5 

13.5 
12.3 
12.1 
12.4 
11.3 


1890 1 


1900._ 


1901 


1902. _. 


1903 


1904 


1905 


1906... 


1907 


1908 


1909 


1910 


1911... 


1912 


1913 


1914 ... 


1915 


1916. . 


1917 


1918 


1919 . 


1920 


1921. 


1922 

1923 
1924 


1925 


1926 . 


1927 


1928 


1929 


1930- 
1931 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 





i Census year ended May 31. 

Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 
80 



VITAL STATISTICS 



81 



No. 75. DEATHS: RATES PER 1,000 POPULATION, BY SEX AND BY AGE GROUPS 



Sex and age group 


Registration States as of 1900 


Registration States as of 1920 


1901- 
1*051 


1911- 
19151 


1921- 

19251 


19302 


1933 2 


1929 


1K5 


1930> 


19322 


1933 




15.8 

138.2 
15.8 
4.1 
2.7 
44 
6.1 
7.5 
9.9 
144 
27.1 
55.1 
137.8 

16.8 

152.7 
16.5 
42 
2.8 
44 
6.2 
7.8 
10.6 
15.6 
29.1 
58.2 
142.9 
14.9 
123.3 
15.2 
40 
2.7 
44 
5.9 
7.3 
9.0 
13.1 
25.1 
52.1 
133.3 


14.6 
123.0 
11.8 
3.1 
2.1 
3.5 
49 
6.1 
9.0 
143 
27.5 
58.0 
140.1 

15.5 
136.7 
12.4 
3.3 
2.2 
3.7 
5.3 
6.5 
10.1 
15.9 
30.1 
61.7 
1446 

118 

109.0 
11.3 
2,9 
2.0 
3.2 
45 
5.6 
7.9 
12.6 
249 
545 
136.4 


12.3 
89.2 
7.7 
2.6 
1.9 
2.9 
3.8 
46 
6.8 
12.1 
25.0 
54.6 
136.2 

12.9 
100.5 
8.1 
2.9 
2.1 
3.1 
3.8 
46 
7.3 
13.0 
26.9 
57.7 
138.7 

11.8 
77.5 
7.2 
2.3 
1.7 
2.8 
3.7 
45 
6.2 
11.1 
23.1 
51.7 
134.2 


11.5 
68.0 
48 
1.9 
1.4 
2.3 
3.3 
40 
6.3 
12.2 
25.4 
53.9 
1346 

12.3 
76.1 
5.2 
2.1 
1.6 
2.5 
3.4 
42 
7.1 
13.9 
28.4 
58.3 
139.3 

10.7 

59.7 
45 
1.7 
1.2 
2.2 
3.2 
3.8 
5.4 
10.5 
22.4 
49.9 
130.7 


11.2 
51.2 
3.7 
1.6 
1.3 
1.9 
2.7 
3.6 
5.9 
12.2 
25.9 
56.2 
143.2 

11.9 
57.2 
40 
1.7 
1.5 
2.1 
2.8 
3.7 
6.5 
140 
29.2 
61.0 
148.3 
10.5 
44.9 
3.4 
1.4 
1.1 
1.7 
2.6 
3.4 
5.2 
10.4 
22.6 
51.7 
138.9 


13.0 

96.9 
9.8 
3.0 
2.3 
40 
5.7 
6.8 
8.2 
12.1 
23.6 
51.8 
133.2 

18.4 
108.8 
10.2 
3.1 
2.4 
42 
5,4 
6.5 
8.3 
12.5 
246 
53.8 
135.5 

12.6 

84.7 
9.4 
2.8 
2.1 
3.9 
5.9 
7.2 

ao 

11.6 
22.4 
49.8 
131.2 


11.9 

83.9 
6.9 
2.2 
1.8 
3.2 
43 
5.0 
7.1 
12.0 
23.9 
52.3 
133.7 

12.6 
94.2 
7.3 
2.4 
2.0 
3.2 
43 
5.1 
7.6 
13.0 
25.9 
56.2 
137.6 

11.2 
73.3 
6.5 
2.0 
1.7 
3.2 
43 
49 
6.6 
10.9 
21.7 
48.4 
130.3 


11.4 
69.2 
5.4 
1.9 
1.5 
2.7 
3.8 
45 
6.7 
12.3 
24.4 
52.0 
130.5 

12.4 
77.2 
5.8 
2.1 
1.7 
2.9 
40 
48 
7.4 
13.8 
27.1 
56.6 
135.7 

10.5 
60.9 
5.0 
1.7 
1.3 
2.5 
3.7 
4.3 
6.0 
10.6 
21.4 
47.3 
125.9 


11.1 

57.9 
4.3 
1.6 
1.4 
2.3 
3.3 
41 
6.3 
11.9 
24.4 
52.5 
138.1 

11.9 

64.8 
4.5 
1.7 
1.6 
2.5 
3.5 
43 
6.9 
13.3 
27.3 
56.6 
143.6 

10.2 

50.9 
40 
1.5 
1.2 
2.1 
3.2 
40 
5.7 
10.3 
21.4 
48.3 
133.2 


10.9 
53.8 
4.1 
1.5 
1.3 
2.2 
3.2 
4.0 
6.1 
11.9 
24.5 
52.6 
136.8 

11.8 
59.9 
44 
1.7 
1.5 
2.4 
3.3 
4.2 
6.7 
13.5 
27.6 
57.3 
142.5 

lO.Q 

47.4 
3.8 
1.4 
1.1 
1.9 
3.0 
3.8 
5.5 
10.1 
21.2 
47.9 
131.6 




1 to 4 years 


5 to 9 years 




15 to 19 years 


20 to 24 years 


25 to 34 years 




45 to 54 years 


55 to 64 years 




75 years and over - 


Males, all ages 


Under 1 year -- . -. 


1 to 4 years 




10 to 14 years 


15 to 19 years 


20 to 24 years 


25 to 34 years 


35 to 44 years 


45 to 54 years 


55 to 64 years 


65 to 74 years 


75 years and over .- - 


Females, all ages 


Under 1 year 


1 to 4 years __i_ 


5 to 9 years 


10 to 14 years 


15 to 19 years - 


20 to 24 years 


25 to 34 years . - ,.. - 


35 to 44 years 


45 to 54 years 


55 to 64 years - 


65 to 74 years 


75 yftqrp and over 





Average. ' Based on unrevised population estimates. See fourth paragraph of general note, p. 
No. 76. DEATHS: NUMBER, BY STATES 



State 


1934 


1935 


State 


1934 


1935 


State 


1934 


1935 


Total 


1,396,903 


1,392,752 


Iowa 


26,758 


26,364 


North Dakota 


5,844 


5,860 


White 


1,207,197 


1,207,359 


Kansas 


19, 951 


20,334 


Ohio 


77, 101 


77 356 


Other races. -. 


189, 706 


185, 393 


Kentucky 
White 


30,148 
25 725 


29,370 
25 218 


Oklahoma 
White 


21,373 
i ig 447 


21,091 
18 179 


Alabama 


29 361 


28 585 


Other races 


4 423 


4 152 


Other races 


i 2*926 


2 912 


White 


16, 148 


15,861 


Txuiisiana 


23,254 


23,711 


Oregon 


10,540 


11,430 


Other races . 


13, 213 


12,724 


White 


i 12, 411 


12,835 


Pennsylvania- 


109, 601 


108,555 


Arizona - . 


5,647 


6,077 


Other races 


i 10,843 


10, 876 


Rhode Island 


7,703 


7,838 


Arkansas 


16 888 


16 176 


Maine 


10,937 


11,024 


South Carolina 


21, 312 


20,353 


White- 


i 11, 923 


11,446 


Maryland 


20,946 


21, 182 


White .- 


9,503 


9,154 


Other races 


1 4,965 


4,730 


White 


16, 051 


16,208 


Other races 


11,809 


11,199 


Calif or nia. 
White 


68,095 
1 64,842 


72,456 
69, 108 


Other races... 
Massachusetts 


4,895 
50,580 


4,974 
50,237 


South Dakota.. 
Tennessee 


6,455 
30,312 


6,316 
30,002 


Other races 


i 3 253 


3 348 


Michigan 


50,442 


51,050 


White 


i 22 053 


22 120 


Colorado - . 


12, 497 


13, 134 


Minnesota 


26,570 


26,247 


Other races 


1 8,259 


7,882 


Connecticut 


17, 438 


17,659 


Mississippi 


21,832 


21,339 


Texas 


59, 731 


61,663 


Delaware .. .. 


3,354 


3,208 


White. . 


i 9, 393 


9,223 


White 


148,840 


50,055 


Dist. of Col... 

White 


8,274 
5 086 


8,483 
5 258 


Other races... 
Missouri 


i 12, 439 
46 639 


12, 116 
43,201 


Other races. .. 
Utah 


i 10, 891 
4 841 


11,608 
5 066 


Other races 


3,188 


3,225 


Montana 


5,617 


6,291 


Vermont 


4,878 


4,777 


Florida 


20,357 


20,046 


Nebraska 


13, 372 


13, 181 


Virginia 


30,559 


30,358 


White 


12, 737 


12,963 


Nevada 


1,297 


1,324 


White. 


19, 314 


19,272 


Other races. .. 
Georgia 


7,620 
35,580 


7,083 
34,288 


N. Hampshire-- 
New Jersev 


6,397 
43, 819 


6,532 
43,284 


Other races. .. 
Washington ... 


11,245 
17,552 


11,086 
18,203 


White 


19, 102 


18, 673 


New Mexico 


6, 115 


6,272 


West Virginia 


17,941 


18,340 


Other races. .. 
Idaho 


16, 478 
4 377 


15, 615 
4 531 


New York 
North Carolina 


149,088 
35 180 


148, 462 
33,485 


Wisconsin 
Wyoming 


30,399 
2 096 


30,694 
2 284 


Illinois 


87,205 


85, 518 


White 


22,142 


21,249 








Indiana 


40,650 


39, 515 


Other races 


13,038 


12,236 



























1 Revised. In the 1934 figures previously published, Mexicans were erroneously included with "Colored." 
Source of tables 75 and 76: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 



82 



VITAL STATISTICS 



No. 77. DEATHS: RETES PER 1,000 POPULATION, BY STATES 

NOTE. See general note, p. 80. Where blanks occur in the following table, the State was not in the regis- 
tration area. Rates through 1933 ror "white" and "colored" are shown in previous issues of this publica- 
tion; rates for 1930 to 1933, however, were based on unrevised estimates of population 



State 


1920 


1925 


1927 


1928 


1929 


1930 


1931 


1932 


1933 


1931 


1935 


Total 


13 


11 8 


11 4 


12 1 


11 9 


11 3 


11 1 


10 9 


10 7 


11 


10 9 


























Alabama 




11 6 


10 5 


12 3 


12 4 


11 4 


10 5 


10 1 


9 8 


10 5 


10 1 


Arizona _ . _ 






14.4 


15.4 


15.9 


15.4 


14.3 


12 9 


13.4 


13 9 


15 


Arkansas 






10 


10 9 


10 5 


10 2 


9 4 


8 5 


8 5 


8 5 


8 1 


California _. _ 


13.3 


12.3 


12.1 


12.5 


11.9 


11.6 


11.7 


11.6 


11 6 


11.5 


12 1 


Colorado 


14.5 


12.7 


13 


13 8 


12.5 


12 7 


11 9 


12 


11 4 


11 8 


12 4 


Connecticut 


13 6 


11 8 


10 8 


11 4 


11 5 


10 7 


10 5 


10 2 


10 4 


10 3 


10 3 


Delaware - - 


14.6 


13.5 


12.8 


13.6 


13.2 


13.6 


13 6 


12 9 


13 2 


13 3 


12 5 


District of Columbia. . _ 
Florida 


14.7 
12.8 


15.1 
13.6 


14.7 
13.6 


15.1 
13.7 


15.4 
12.7 


15.0 
12.4 


15.2 
12.0 


15.1 
11 9 


14.5 
12.0 


14.8 
12.8 


14.3 
12 4 


Georgia 








12 4 


12 2 


12 1 


11 2 


10 8 


10 4 


11 8 


11 3 


Idaho 




7 8 


8 6 


9 4 


9 2 


9 3 


8 8 


8 6 


8 7 


9 3 


9 5 


Illinois 


12.6 


11.5 


11.3 


12 1 


11.6 


10 9 


11 2 


10 8 


10 6 


11 2 


10 9 


Indiana 


13 4 


12.5 


11 9 


12 7 


12 7 


12 1 


11 8 


11 6 


11 3 


12 


11 5 


Iowa . . 




1C.O 


10.0 


10.3 


10.4 


10.6 


10 3 


10 3 


10 2 


10 6 


10 4 


Kansas 


11.4 


10.2 


10 


11 2 


10 4 


10 4 


9 9 


10 4 


10 5 


10 7 


10 8 


Kentucky 


11.8 


11.3 


10.6 


11.8 


12.0 


11.2 


10.8 


10.7 


10.3 


10.7 


10 3 


Louisiana 


11 9 


12.8 


11.8 


12 2 


11 9 


11 7 


11 1 


11 


10 9 


11 


11 2 


Maine. 


15.4 


13.8 


13.9 


13.9 


14.3 


13.9 


13.0 


13.1 


13.4 


13 1 


13 


Maryland 


14.6 


14.0 


13.3 


13 6 


13.5 


13 2 


13 2 


12 7 


12 4 


12 6 


12 7 


Massachusetts, 


13.8 


12.7 


11.9 


12.2 


12.3 


11.6 


11.4 


11.5 


11.8 


11.7 


11 5 


Michigan _ 


13.8 


11.5 


11.2 


11.8 


11.8 


10.7 


10 3 


1C 4 


10 3 


10 8 


10 8 


Minnestoa 


10.7 


10.2 


9.8 


10.3 


10.1 


10.0 


9.8 


9.9 


9.7 


10. 1 


10.0 


Mississippi _ 


12.2 


11.6 


11.9 


13. 1 


13.0 


12.0 


11.0 


10 1 


10 8 


10 9 


10 6 


Missouri 


12 5 


11.7 


11 4 


12 6 


12 3 


11 8 


11 9 


11 6 


11 1 


12 1 


11 


Montana 


9.6 


9.6 


9.9 


10. 7 


10.7 


10. 1 


9 9 


9.9 


9.8 


10 6 


11 8 


Nebraska 


10 


9.3 


9 1 


10 


9 8 


9 7 


9 4 


9 4 


9 4 


9 g 


9 7 


Nevada 










13.3 


12.7 


14.5 


14. 1 


12.8 


13 2 


13 4 


New Hampshire 


15 2 


14 4 


13 8 


14 6 


14 1 


13 5 


12 5 


13 1 


13 3 


12 9 


13 


New Jersey _ __ 


12.9 


11.6 


11.1 


11.6 


11.6 


10.7 


10.8 


10.3 


10.4 


10.3 


10 1 


New Mexico 










15 4 


15 6 


14 6 


14. 1 


13.8 


14 5 


14 9 


New York 


13.8 


12.3 


11.7 


12.4 


12.4 


11.7 


11.7 


11.6 


11.6 


11.6 


11.5 


North Carolina 


12.6 


11.3 


10.9 


11.8 


11.8 


11.2 


10 2 


9.5 


9.2 


10 4 


9 8 


North Dakota. .. 




7.6 


7.8 


8.2 


8.0 


7.9 


7.5 


7.5 


7.9 


8.4 


8.4 


Ohio.... _ _ , 


12.8 


11.8 


11.5 


12.3 


12.4 


11.5 


11.3 


11.4 


10.9 


11.5 


11 5 


Oklahoma 








9.0 


9 


8 2 


7 7 


7 9 


8 2 


8 6 


8 4 


Oregon. __ _ _ 


11.7 


11.0 


11.2 


11.3 


11.3 


11.0 


10.6 


10. 5 


10.6 


10. 6 


11 3 


Pennsylvania 


13.8 


12.6 


11.9 


12.6 


12.3 


11.6 


11.5 


11. 1 


10.7 


11 


10 8 


Rhode Island 


14.3 


12.7 


11.9 


12.5 


13.1 


11.7 


11.6 


11.8 


11.6 


11.3 


11.5 


South Carolina 


14. 1 


12.8 


12.6 


14.1 


13.3 


12.9 


11.9 


11. 1 


10.7 


11 7 


11 1 


South Dakota 












8 5 


8 5 


8 3 


8 8 


9 3 


9 1 


Tennessee 


12. 1 


11.2 


11.4 


12.2 


12.2 


11.4 


10.7 


10.6 


10.2 


10.9 


10 6 


Texas 


















9 8 


9 9 


10 1 


Utah _ _ 


11.5 


9.3 


9.6 


10.3 


10. 1 


9.9 


8.8 


8.6 


8.5 


9.4 


9.8 


Vermont 


15.7 


14.4 


13.6 


13. 6 


14. 7 


13 


12 3 


12 9 


12.5 


13 


12 7 


Virginia 


13.2 


12.4 


12.0 


12.6 


13.0 


12.5 


12.1 


11.5 


11. 1 


11.7 


11.5 


Washington 


11. 1 


10.4 


10.6 


10.9 


10.6 


10.6 


10.4 


10.4 


10.4 


10.8 


11 1 


West Virginia 




10.7 


10.2 


10.4 


10 6 


10 5 


10 


10 1 


9 3 


10 


10 1 


Wisconsin 


11.2 


10.5 


10.4 


11.0 


10.7 


10.4 


10.3 


10.4 


10. 1 


10.5 


10.6 


Wyoming 




9.0 


9. 1 


9.8 


9.0 


9.2 


8.9 


9.0 


8 6 


9 1 


9 8 



























No. 78. DEATHS: RATES PER 1,000 ESTIMATED POPULATION IN THE DEATH 
REGISTRATION AREA, DISTINGUISHING CITIES AND RURAL AREA 



Year 


Registration area 


All registration cities 


Rural part of registra- 
tion area 


Total 


White 


Colored 


Total 


White 


Colored 


Total 


White 


Colored 


1920 .. 


13.0 
11.7 
12.2 
11.7 
11.8 
12.3 
11.4 
12.1 
11.9 
11.3 
11.1 
10.9 
10.7 


12.6 
11.4 
11.7 
11.2 
11.3 
11.7 
10.9 
11.5 
11.4 
10.8 
10.6 
10.5 
10.3 


17.9 
15.4 
16.6 
17.2 
17.6 
18.0 
16.6 
17.1 
16.9 
16.4 
15.5 
14.5 
14.1 


14.2 
12.7 
13.2 
12.8 
13.0 
13.4 
12.5 
13.3 
13.1 
12.3 
11.9 
11.7 
11.5 


13.6 
12.2 
12.6 
12.1 
12.3 
12.7 
11.9 
12.7 
12.4 
11.7 
11.4 
11.2 
11.0 


22.7 
19.8 
21.4 
21.8 
21.9 
22.1 
20.6 
21.1 
20.5 
19.5 
18.5 
17.4 
17.2 


11.9 
10.8 
11.2 
10.7 
10.8 
11.2 
10.4 
11.0 
10.9 
10.4 
10.2 
10.2 
9.9 


11.5 
10.5 
10.9 
10.2 
10.3 
10.7 
10.0 
10.5 
10.4 
9.9 
9.8 
9.8 
9.6 


15.2 
13.0 
13.9 
14.6 
14.9 
15.4 
14.1 
14.9 
14.9 
14.4 
13.5 
12.6 
12.2 


1922 


1923 


1924. _. 


1925 


1926 


1927... 


1928. 


1929 


1930'.- 


1931 1 


1932 1 


19331 





i Based on unrevised population estimates; see general note, p. 80, regarding revised population estimates. 
Source of tables 77 and 78: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 



VITAL STATISTICS 



83 



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84 VITAL STATISTICS 

No. 80. DEATHS: RATE PER 1,000 ESTIMATED POPULATION, BY REGISTRATION 
CITIES HAVING 100,000 OR MORE INHABITANTS IN 1930 1 




Rate per 1,000 population 


City 


Rate per 1,000 population 


City 


1920 


1925 


1930 


1932 


1933 


1920 


1925 


1930 


1932 


1933 


Akron 


11.7 
15.7 
17.1 
14.6 
22.8 
15.4 
14.0 
23. S 
16.3 
12.3 
22.6 
15.5 
13.0 
14.7 
14.9 
14.9 
12.6 
19.4 
15.6 
27.6 
12.7 
15.0 
14.3 
23.8 
12.5 
14.8 
14.2 
21.1 
13.3 
12.0 
29.4 
12.2 
17.4 


8.6 
15.3 
16.1 
12.0 
24.6 
15.1 
13.5 
23.1 
15.8 
11.7 
22.4 
15.1 
10.6 
13.7 
12.8 
15.1 
11.6 
21.7 
15.1 
38.2 
11.2 
15.2 
14.4 
23.8 
11.4 
14.4 
13.6 
21.6 
12.5 
11. S 
19.6 
11.0 
15.1 
11.2 
11.0 
11.1 
11.3 
19.2 


7.8 
14.8 
15.5 
11.6 
23.2 
13.9 
12.7 
19.6 
13.6 
10.0 
19. S 
14.1 
10.9 
12.9 
11.8 
13.4 
9.7 
15.7 
12.2 
24.8 
10.4 
15.5 
14-5 
23.5 
11.0 
15.3 
15.0 
18.3 
11.5 
10. 2 
18.8 
11.0 
15.0 
12.0 
9.3 
11.7 
11.5 
17.7 
17.6 
27.7 
11.2 
12.6 
11.5 
8.9 
11.0 
11.0 
10.1 
16.5 
9.6 


7.5 
13.7 
14.0 
11.1 
19.7 
13.2 
12.1 
18.5 
11.9 
9.3 
16.2 
13.9 
10.4 
12.5 
12.1 
14.4 
9.4 
12.7 
10.2 
19.3 
9.9 
14.8 
14.2 
20.0 
10.7 
13.9 
13.6 
16.0 
11.1 
9.9 
18.3 
11.8 
14.8 
12.4 
7.9 
11.3 
10.4 
14.0 
13. 8 
18.6 
11.1 
10.7 
11.4 
7.5 
10.1 
10.5 
9.8 
15.2 
8.0 
7.0 
12.4 
9.0 
12.2 
11.2 
9.8 
16.4 
12.9 
12.4 
16.6 
14.4 
10.5 
21.6 
11.1 
12.9 
12.4 
15.7 
12.6 
11.7 
20.6 
12.3 
11.4 
16.7 
10.1 
11.1 
11.1 
11.5 
13.7 
12. 5 
20. S 


7.5 
14.4 
14.1 
10.9 
20.4 
13.2 
12. S 
17.2 
11.4 
9.2 
15.0 
14.1 
10.8 
12.1 
12.3 
12.9 
8.6 
12.7 
10.9 
17.4 
10.0 
14.2 
IS. 6 
20.3 
10.0 
13.4 
12.8 
18.2 
11.4 
10.3 
17.8 
11.9 
13.5 
11.4 
7.5 
10.4 
10.6 
13.7 
13.6 
18.6 
11.0 
11.0 
13.6 
7.9 
9.7 
10.7 
9.8 
16.5 
8.3 
7.0 
13.6 
9.2 
12.2 
11.1 
9.9 
16.4 
13.1 
12.6 
16.7 
15.0 
11.3 
21.9 
10.8 
12.9 
12. S 
16.0 
12.5 
11.6 
21.0 
11.8 
11.2 
15.0 
9.5 
10.9 
10.9 
11.2 
13.2 
11.9 
20.2 


Lowell 


15.8 
12.8 
19.8 
15.6 
26.8 
15 


14.6 
11.6 

18.5 
13.8 
26.2 


13.2 
10.3 
17.3 
13.6 
23.5 
11.1 
9.9 
15.2 
9.6 
10.8 
16.3 
18.7 
23.1 
11.9 
11.0 
13.0 
17.4 
14.4 
26.1 
10.8 
7.9 
9.8 
16.0 
7.1 
13.8 
13.6 
10.1 
20.4 
11.1 
11.2 
13.1 
12.0 
12.3 
12.5 
12.1 
16.1 
13.9 
12.1 
12.9 
11.1 
14.9 
It.S 
21.4 
11.5 
13.9 
13.1 
20.7 
10.6 
12.9 
16.0 
16.7 
19.7 
14.5 
13.0 
12.8 
10.9 
9.7 
9.1 
12.5 
11.8 
11.7 
12.8 
11.6 
10.4 
16.9 
12.6 
15.3 
9.9 
9.2 
15.4 
14.8 
11.9 
14.6 
IS. 6 
23.1 
12.8 
8.4 
10.5 


12.9 
10.1 
16.8 
IS. 6 
22.0 
11.6 
10.4 
15.6 
8.8 
10.9 
15.5 
13. 9 
19.8 
10.5 
11.0 
12.5 
16.6 
14.0 
22.9 
10.5 
8.0 
9.7 
15.5 
6.9 
14.1 
12.9 
10.2 
18.0 
10.7 
10.6 
12.6 
12.4 
11.1 
12.1 
11.7 
14.7 
12.8 
11.2 
13.0 
11.9 
14.2 
11. 8 
20.2 
11.7 
13.3 
12.4 
20.4 
10.8 
11.1 
14.4 
14.8 
16.1 
14.4 
12.7 
12.9 
11.2 
8.8 
7.7 
11.5 
11. 1 
11.8 
12.8 
11.3 
10. 6 
13.8 
11.0 
14.2 
8.3 
8.0 
10.6 
14.9 
9.9 
14.0 
13.3 
19.2 
12.1 
8.6 
9.6 


13.3 
10.0 
16.7 
1S.S 
22. C 
11.5 
10. & 
16.7 
8.2 
10.6 
15.3 
1S.1 
19.6 
11. C 
ll.fi 

12. e 

16. C 

is. a 

S2.6 
10. 
8.1 
9.7 
15.6 
6. 
14.2 
13. C 
9.1 
19.1 
10. 
10.2 
12.1 
12.4 

10. e 

12.1 
11. 6 
14.4 
11. C 
11.4 
12.2 
10. 
13. fc 
11.1 
19. C 
11.2 
12.7 
11. i> 
18.6 
10.4 

10. e 

14. S 
tLt 

16.1 
13. 
12. Z 
13.1 
11.1 
9.2 
7.7 
ll.fi 
tt.i 
K.5 
13.1 
11.. r 
10.1 
16. t 
ll.f 
13.2 
8.4 
7.f 
tl.i 
14. C 
9.3 
14.7 
IS. 8 
21.7 
12.6 
8.6 
9.1 


Albany 


Lynn 


Atlanta 


Memphis . 


White 


White 


Other races 


Other races 
Miami 


White 


White 


12.5 




Other races... . 
Birmingham 


Other races 
Milwaukee 


20.7 
11.7 
12.3 
18: 1 
15.6 
24.0 
12.9 
14.4 
14.6 
17.6 
14.6 
26.2 
12.9 
10.4 
12.5 
14.4 
11.0 
15.0 
15.5 
12.1 
21.1 
11.8 
11.9 
14.4 
12.8 
15.1 
14.5 
14.0 
HO. 9 
16.4 
12.2 
15.5 
14.4 
16.5 
13.4 
23.3 
12.7 
14.1 
13. 5 
19.9 
12.5 
14.3 
16.2 
16.1 
16.8 
17.0 
14.2 
14.9 
10.7 
12.0 
12.7 
14.1 
13.1 
15.2 
12.9 
13.4 
11.2 
20.8 
13.9 
15.8 


"16." 6' 
11.7 
17.0 
14.1 

24.1 
12.4 
12.0 
13.4 
18.7 
14.7 
29.0 
11.4 
8.1 
10.8 
14.5 
8.8 
13.4 
12.9 
9.S 
19.6 
10.2 
8.4 
13.8 
12.5 
12.3 
13.8 
13.1 
20.2 
15.0 
11.9 
13.5 
13.4 
15.4 
12.7 
21.8 
12.2 
14.2 
1S.1 
23.4 
12.3 
11.8 
15.2 
15.0 
17.2 
15.0 
12.9 
13.9 
9.8 
11.2 
11.0 
12.4 
12.7 
12.2 
12.3 
14.6 
/*./ 
24.2 
13.0 
15.4 


White 


Minneapolis 


Other races 
Boston 


Nashville 


White 




Other races 


Buffalo 


Newark, N. J 
New Bedford 


Cambridge 


Camden 


New Haven 


Canton 


New Orleans 
White 


C hattanooga 


White 


Other races 
New York 


Other races 
Chicago 


Bronx Boro 
Brooklyn Boro .. 
ManhattanBora 
Queens Boro 
Richmond Boro. 
Norfolk... 


Cincinnati 


White 


Other races 
Cleveland - 


Columbus 


White 


White 


Other races 
Dallas 


Other races 
Oakland 


Whits 
Other races 
Dayton 


Oklahoma City.- _ 
Omaha 


Paterson 


Denver 


Peoria 


Des Moines 


Philadelphia 


Detroit 


13.5 
10.2 
12.7 
28.1 
27. 9 


White 


Duluth 


Other races 
Pittsburgh 


Elizabeth 


El Paso 


Portland, Oreg 


White 


Providence 


Other races 


86.7 
13.7 
13.0 
14.7 
11.8 
13.2 




Reading 


Erie 


11.8 
12.3 
13.5 
7.8 
11.4 
10.4 
9.9 
13.8 
13.0 


Richmond 


E vansville 


White 


Fall River 


Other races 
Rochester 


Flint 


Fort Wayne 


St. Louis . 


Fort Worth 


White 


White 




Other races 
St. Paul 


Other races 




Gary 

White 


13.8 


Salt Lake City 
San Antonio 


Other races 








White 


Grand Rapids 
Hartford 


13.2 
16.5 
13.5 
12.0 
18.2 
14.6 
13.8 
21.1 
16.9 
14.1 
20. S 
14.1 
14.5 
13.6 
20.6 
16.1 
16.2 
24.9 
17.0 
16.2 
2L7 
12.8 
13.6 
13.4 
17.1 
15.0 
13.6 
21.9 


11.5 
13.5 
12.8 
10.8 
19.4 
14.5 
13.8 
20.1 
16.7 
12.7 
22.6 
11.9 
14.1 
12.4 
23.6 
13.9 
12.7 
25.4 
14.2 
12.6 
22.7 
11.7 
12.5 
12.4 
14.0 
14.3 
12.9 
22.1 


10.0 
13.0 
12.2 
10. S 
19.1 
14.2 
13.5 
19.6 
15.2 
11.8 
21.0 
11.3 
13.7 
1S.1 
16.9 
13.2 


Other races 
San Diego 


Houston 


San Francisco 
Scranton 


White 


Other races 
Indianapolis.. . 


Seattle 


Somerville 


White 


South Bend 


Other races 
Jacksonville, Fla.. 
White 


Spokane. ._. 


Springfield, Mass. 
Syracuse 


Other races 
Jersey City 


Tacoma ._ - - 


Tampa 


KansasCity,Kans_ 
White . . 


White 


Other races 
Toledo _. 


Other races 
Kansas City, Mo.- 
White 


Trenton 


Tulsa 


Other races 


~ii~i~ 

IS. 2 
18.6 
10.4 
11.2 


White. 






Knoxville 


Other races 






White 


Utica 


14.7 
15.0 
14.2 
13.2 
2S.O 
14.8 
11.3 
13.0 


15.2 
11.8 
13.3 
12.5 
20.0 
13.5 
9.6 
11.8 


Other races 
Long Beach 


Wichita 


Wilmington, Del.. 
White 


Los Angeles .. 


White 


Other races 
Worcester 


Other races 
Louisville. . 


~14.~3" 

12.6 
2S.2 


Yonkers 


White 


Youngstown 


Other races 



1 For revised rates for Washington, see Dist. of Col., table 77; revised population estimates are not avail- 
ble for other cities. See also general note, p. 80. Blanks indicate lack of data or unsatisfactory data. 
Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 



VITAL STATISTICS 



85 



No 81. BIRTHS, DEATHS, AND DEATHS UNDER 1 YEAR OF AGE IN THE 
BIRTH REGISTRATION AREA: BY SEX 

NOTE. See general note, p. 80 



Year 


Entire area 


Per 

Population c nt f 
ofregistra- ^ . b . 
tionareai g 


Per 

cent of 
U.S. 
total 
area 


Births 


Deaths 


Total 


Males 


Females 


Total Males 


Females 


1915 


30, 936, 179 31. 1 
61, 483, 423 58. 6 
63, 740, 689 59. 8 
70, 738, 177 65. 4 
79, 415, 841 72. 3 
80, 694, 406 72. 3 
86, 250, 025 76. 2 
87, 486, 096 76. 2 
89. 682, 479 77. 
103, 575, 656 87. 6 
113, 050, 663 94. 3 
115,097,972 94.7 
116,556.000 94.7 
117, 522, 000 94. 7 
119,027,000 95.2 
125, 770, 000 100. 
126, 626, 000 100. 
127, 521, 000 100. 


9.8 
36.2 
38.7 
40.7 
50.7 
50.7 
56.8 
56.6 
63.2 
72.0 
80.8 
88.6 
88.6 
88.6 
91.2 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


776,304 
1, 373, 438 
1, 508, 874 
1, 714, 261 
1, 774, 911 
1,792,646 
1, 930, 614 
1, 878, 880 
1, 856, 068 
2, 137, 836 
2, 233, 149 
2, 169, 920 
2, 203, 958 
2, 112, 760 
2, 074, 042 
2, 081, 232 
2, 167, 636 
2, 155, 105 


398, 615 
705, 593 
775, 322 
881, 591 
911,831 
921, 020 
992, 431 
966, 973 
953,638 
1, 099, 287 
1, 147, 625 
, 114, 814 
1, 131, 976 
,084,404 
,063,885 
, 068, 871 
, 112, 703 
, 105, 489 


377, 689 
667,845 
733, 552 
832, 670 
863,080 
871, 626 
938,183 
911, 907 
902, 430 
,038,549 
, 085, 524 
, 055, 106 
, 071, 982 
,028,356 
, 010, 157 
, 012, 361 
, 054, 933 
, 049, 616 


436, 593 234, 871 
798, 104 422, 252 
836, 134 438, 201 
825, 511 434, 019 
938, 545 497, 967 
992, 237 528, 429 
1, 006, 994 542, 637 
1, 030, 518 555, 267 
1, 093, 511 589, 653 
1, 176, 805 638, 080 
1, 361, 987 738, 891 
1, 369, 757 745, 491 
1, 321, 367 723. 315 
1, 301, 405 714, 277 
1, 293, 269 704, 506 
1. 342, 106 737, 312 
1, 396, 903 772, 595 
1, 392, 752 771, 320 


201,722 
375, 852 
397, 933 
391, 492 
440, 578 
463,808 
464, 357 
475, 251 
503,858 
538,725 
623,096 
624, 266 
598. 052 
587,128 
588,763 
604,794 
624,308 
621, 432 


1919. 


1920 


1921 


1922 


1923 


1924... 


1925 


1926 


1927 


1928 


1929 


1930 


1931 


1932 

1933. .. 


1934 


1935 




Year 


Entire area Continued 


Area as of 1917 


Excess of 
births 
over 
deaths 


Rates per 1,000 of total popu- 
lation 


Number of males 
per 1,000 females 


Rates per 1,000 of 
total population 


Births 


Deaths 


Excess of 
births 


Among 
births 


Among 
deaths 


Births 


Deaths 


1915 


339,711 
575, 334 
672, 740 
888,750 
836.366 
800,409 
923,620 
MS, 3r,2 
762, 557 
961,031 
871, 162 
800,163 
882, 591 
811, 355 
780,773 
739, 126 
770, 733 
762,353 


25.1 
22.3 
23.7 
24.2 
22.3 
22.2 
22.4 
21.5 
20.7 
20.6 
19.8 
18.9 
18.9 
18.0 
17.4 
16.5 
17.1 
16.9 


14.1 
13.0 
13.1 
11.7 
11.8 
12.3 
11.7 
11.8 
12.2 
11.4 
12.0 
11.9 
11.3 
11.1 
10.9 
10.7 
11.0 
10.9 


11.0 
9.3 
10.6 
12.5 
10.5 
9.9 
10.7 
9.7 
8.5 
9.2 
7.8 
7.0 
7.6 
6.9 
6.5 
5.8 
6.1 
6.0 


1,055 
1,057 
1,057 
1,059 
1,056 
1,057 
1,058 
1,060 
1,057 
1,058 
1,057 
1,057 
1,056 
1,055 
1,053 
1,056 
1,055 
1,053 


1,164 
,123 
,101 
,109 
,130 
,139 
,169 
1,168 
1,170 
1,184 
1,186 
1,194 
1,209 
1,217 
1,197 
1,219 
1,238 
1,241 






1919... 


22.6 
23.9 
24.5 
22.8 
22.8 
22.9 
21.9 
21.0 
20.8 
20.0 
19.0 
18.4 
17.8 
17.3 
16.2 
16.6 
16.5 


12.9 
13.2 
11.7 
11.9 
12.5 
11.8 
12.0 
12.4 
11.5 
12.2 
12.1 
11.5 
11.3 
11.1 
10.9 
11.2 
11.1 


1920 


1921... 


1922 


1923 


1924... 


1925 


1926... 


1927 


1928 


1929... 


1930 


1931 


1932 


1933. 


1934 


1935 




Year 


Deaths under 1 year of age in entire birth registration area 


Number 


Deaths per 1,000 births 


Number 
of male 
deaths 
per 1,000 
female 
deaths 


Total 


Males 


Females 


Among 
total 


Among 
males 


Among 
females 


1915-.- 


77,572 
129,531 
134, 652 
153, 492 
146, 661 
142, 413 
130, 134 
119,431 
120,887 
130, 185 
120,138 


43,818 
73, 737 
76,902 
87, 676 
83,144 
80,744 
74,056 
67,839 
68,331 
73,950 
68,805 


33,754 
55,794 
57,750 
65, 816 
63. 517 
61,669 
56,078 
51, 592 
52,556 
56,235 
51,333 


100 
86 
72 
69 
68 
65 
62 
58 
58 
60 
56 


110 
95 
80 
76 
75 
71 
68 
64 
64 
67 
62 


89 
76 
63 
61 
60 
58 
55 
51 
52 
53 
49 


,298 
,322 
,332 
,332 
1,309 
,309 
1, 321 
,315 
,300 
,315 
,340 


1920 


1925... 


1928.. 


1929 


1930 


1931 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 .. 





1 Midyear estimates. * Exclusive of Rhode Island. 

Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 



3 VITAL STATISTICS 

No. 82. BIRTHS AND EXCESS OF BIRTHS OVER DEATHS: BY STATES 



NOTE. See general note, p. 80. For number of deaths in each State for 1934 and 1935 see table 70; for num- 
ber in entire birth registration area see table 81. The 1934 figures for "White" and "Other races" have 
been revised; in the figures for that year shown in the previous issue of this publication Mexicans were 
erroneously included with "Colored." 



Area 


Number of births 


Excess of births over deaths l 


1920 


1925 


1930 

2,203,958 
1,953,163 
250,795 


1934 


1935 


1925 


1930 


1934 


1935 


Total birth registration 
area 


1, 508, 874 
1, 395, 523 
113,351 


1, 878, 880 
1, 731, 669 
147, 211 

964, 302 
914, 578 


2, 167, 636 

1, 898, 501 
269, 135 

981,503 
1, 186, 133 


2, 155, 105 
1, 888, 012 
267, 093 

997, 332 
1, 157, 773 


848, 362 
803, 481 
44, 881 


882,591 
821, 605 
60,986 


770, 733 
691, 304 
79,429 


762, 353 
680. 653 
81, 700 

271,015 
491, 338 


White 


Other races 


Cities in birth registra- 
tion area 


763, 209 
745, 665 


1, 080, 674 
1, 123, 284 


408, 352 
440, 010 


386, 205 
496, 386 


257, 032 
513, 701 


Rural part of birth reg- 
istration area. _. 


Alabama 


(') 
0) 

I 

g 

( J ) 
67,199 
60, 739 
6,460 

( 2 ) 
34, 096 
0) 
8,823 
6,S19 
9,504 

g 

() 

1 

( 2 ) 

8 

"ft 809 

39,632 

62, 888 
68,747 
4,141 

(9 
M 

0) 

17,328 
36, 212 
29,452 
6,760 
91, 692 

92, 740 
55,909 

| 

() 

0) 
0) 
30,911 
( 2 ) 
9,946 

<<?> 

235,243 
81, 407 

67, 064 
24, S6S 


2 ) 
2 ) 

\ 

0) 

8 

85,204 

78, 362 
6,842 

( 2 ) 
29,736 
4,674 
9,107 

6,245 
2,862 

29,403 
20, 160 
9,243 
0) 
( 2 ) 
( 2 ) 

( 2 ) 
135, 437 
64, 342 
47,760 
36, 716 

63,507 
69, 088 
4,419 

2 ) 
( 3 ) 

17,453 
33,864 

27, 124 
6,740 
86, 037 

99,220 
53, 776 
45, 155 

22,083 
23,072 

( 2 ) 
10,234 
29,233 
( 2 ) 
9,407 

74, 181 
( 8 ) 
229, 717 
83, 716 
67, 681 
26, 035 


63, 757 
40, 782 
22, 975 
10, 376 

41, 093 

32,009 
9,084 
84,206 
79, 568 
4,638 

18, 814 
27, 693 
4,474 
9,376 
6,324 
3,052 

26, 993 
18, 602 
8,391 
60,689 
37, 285 
23, 404 

9,177 
128, 121 
59, 278 
42, 733 
33, 707 

59, 262 
55, 881 
3,381 
42,890 
26, 166 
16, 724 

16, 199 
30,251 
23, 834 
6,417 
73, 616 

99,325 

47,418 
48,163 
23, 296 
24,867 

62, 166 
9,971 
27,004 
1,332 
8,342 

68,321 
12, 115 
216, 072 
76, 772 

53,462 
23. 310 


63, 495 
39, 643 
23, 952 
8,492 

37, 515 

28, 860 
8, 655 
78, 346 
74, 180 
4,166 

17,849 
22, 215 
3,988 
10, 137 
6,6X4 
3,513 

26, 716 
18, 609 
8,107 
64,661 

38, 838 
26, 323 

9,372 
110, 226 
52, 349 
42, 463 
32, 463 

59,904 
66, 858 
3,046 
43,003 
24, 883 
18, 120 

15, 760 
27, 340 
*/, 264 
6,076 
63,828 

83, 925 
45, 921 
47, 863 

22, 313 
25, 550 

59, 185 
9,949 
25, 085 
1,434 
7,869 

54,541 
12, 769 
185,615 
79,704 
64, 504 
25. 200 


62,239 
S8, 364 
23, 875 
9,139 

35,684 
27, 175 
8,509 
80, 131 
76, 097 
4,034 

18,837 
22, 258 
4,036 
10, 803 
7,162 
3,641 

28, 051 
19, 679 
8,472 
63,260 
37, 334 
25, 926 

9,469 
111,884 
52,909 
41, 137 
30,589 

57, 715 

64, 918 
2,797 
42, 270 
24, 417 
17,853 

15,723 
27, 236 

21, 322 
5,914 
63,001 

87,446 
45, 962 
48,320 
21,977 
26,343 

57,299 
10,029 
23,327 
1,423 
7,768 

54,514 
13,190 
184, 344 
78,753 
63, 666 
25. 088 


( 2 ) 
( 2 ) 
( 2 ) 
( 2 ) 

( 2 ) 
( 2 ) 
( 2 ) 
28, 404 

24, 610 
3,794 

( 2 ) 
12, 056 
1,559 
2,092 
1,952 
140 

12, 541 
10,000 
2,541 
( 2 ) 

( 2 ) 
( 2 ) 

( 2 ) 
53, 844 
25, 710 
23, 466 
18, 135 

35,120 
35, 352 
232 
( 2 ) 
( 2 ) 
( 2 ) 

6,661 
12, 236 
10, 981 
1,255 
34, 316 

49, 801 
28, 340 
23,002 
13,865 
9,137 

( 2 ) 
5,046 
16, 740 
0) 
2,844 

31, 989 
(') 

87, 217 
51, 168 
37,979 
IS. 189 


33, 335 
24, 772 
8,563 
3,697 

22,143 

19,524 
2,619 
17, 957 
16,615 
1,342 

5,607 
10,406 
1,218 
1,989 
1,7-29 
260 

8,764 
7,556 
1,209 
25,506 
19, 292 
6,214 

5,006 
44, 530 
20, 082 
16, 505 
14,202 

29,700 
31,069 
-1, 369 
18,183 
13, 543 
4,640 

5,117 

8,684 
7,531 
1,153 
24, 283 

47, 705 
21, 716 
24,064 
14, 138 
9,926 

19,067 
4,531 
13, 712 
172 
2,020 

24,724 
5, 519 
68,619 
40,990 
31,835 
9.155 


34, 134 
23, 395 
10, 739 
2,845 

20, 627 
16,938 
3,689 
10, 251 
9,338 
913 

5,352 
4,777 
634 
1,863 
1,538 
325 

6,359 

5,872 
487 
29,081 
19, 236 
9,845 

4,996 
23,021 
11, 699 
15, 705 
12, 512 

29, 756 
31, 133 
-1, 377 
19, 749 
12, 472 
7,277 

4,823 
6,394 
6,213 
1,181 
13, 248 

33, 483 
19, 351 
26, 031 

12, 920 
13,111 

12,546 
4,332 
11,713 
137 
1.472 

10, 722 
6,654 
36, 527 
44, 524 

32, 362 
12. 162 


33, 654 
22, SOS 
11, 151 
3,062 

19,508 
15, 729 
3,779 
7,675 
6,989 
686 

5,703 
4,599 
828 
2,320 

1,904 
416 

8,005 
6,616 
1,889 
28, 972 
18, 661 
10,311 

4,938 
26,366 
13, 394 
14, 773 
10, 255 

28, 345 

29,700 
-1,356 
18, 559 
11,582 
6,977 

4,699 
6,054 
5,114 
940 
12,764 

36, 396 
19,715 
26, 981 

12, 754 
14, 227 

14,098 
3,738 
10, 146 
99 
1,236 

11,230 
6,918 
35, 882 
45,268 
32, 416 
12. 852 


White 


Other races 


Arizona . 


Arkansas 


White 


Other races 


California 


White 


Other races 


Colorado .. __ 


Connecticut 


Delaware.. . . 


D istrict of C olumbia. . . 
White 


Other races 


Florida . 


White 


Other races 


Georgia 


White . 


Other races 


Idaho 


Illinois 


Indiana .. 


Iowa 


Kansas .. 


Kentucky 


White 


Other races . .. 


Louisiana. . 


White 


Other races 


Maine 


Maryland .. 


White 


Other races ... . 


Massachusetts 


Michigan 


Minnesota 


Mississippi... 


WhUe... 


Other races. 


Missouri 


Montana 


Nebraska- 


Nevada 


New Hampshire 


New Jersey 


New Mexico. .. 


New York . 


North Carolina... 


White 


Other races. . . 



A minus sign indicates an excess of deaths over births. 2 Not in the birth registration area. 



VITAL STATISTICS 87 

No. 82. BIRTHS AND EXCESS OF BIRTHS OVER DEATHS: BY STATES Con. 



Area 


Number of births 


Excess of births over deaths J 


1920 


1925 


1939 


19342 


1935 


1925 


1930 


1934 


1935 


North Dakota... 


( J ) 
123,729 

8 

(') 
14,942 

220,462 

(') 

47,777 
SS, 81S 

* 

(*) 
(*) 

14,157 
7,409 
65, 794 

4f,ta 

20,565 
27, 072 

A: 

(*) 


14,471 
126,878 

| 

( 2 ) 
15,486 

215, 120 
14,400 
() 
0) 

1 

13,735 
7,509 

61,193 
4t, 407 

18, 786 

24,741 
45, 311 
57,324 
4,833 


14,783 
118,260 
42,505 
39, tf8 
3,037 
13,468 

189,458 
12,191 
40,460 

0, 057 

% 

52,652 
44,546 
8,106 
g 
() 

ra 

12, 946 
6,934 
54,703 
88, 972 
15,731 

23,019 
41, 614 

56,788 
4,471 


14,549 
100,100 
47,302 
48,4*9 

3,843 
13, 077 

160,238 
10,349 
44,265 
1,849 
SS, 416 
13,173 

52,393 
44,481 
7,912 
116,603 

101, 790 
14,813 

12,636 
6,593 
52,375 
57, S38 
15, 137 

22,540 
41,476 
51, 419 
4,565 


13,655 
101, 103 
43, 691 

40, S60 
3,331 
13, 179 

161, 166 
10, 215 
40,598 
19,590 
21,008 
12,850 

53, 314 

44,981 
8,333 
114, 721 
100,766 
13,955 

12, 695 
6,591 
51, 487 
36, 610 
14,877 

22,396 
41, 774 
52,562 
4,362 


9,426 
53,271 



( 2 ) 
5,857 

99,375 
6,174 

( J ) 

( 2 ) 

f 2 ) 

8 
i 

9,251 
2,372 
31,850 

24, 884 
6,966 

9,461 
28,157 
27,944 
2,937 


9,412 
42,034 
22,859 

22,805 
54 
2,925 

77,852 
4,185 
18,027 
10, 786 

&' 

22,665 

3,309 

ST 

(*) 
(*) 

7,882 
2,247 
24,388 
SO, 379 
4,009 

6,341 
23,394 
26,235 
2,392 


8,705 
22,999 
25,929 
to, 012 
917 
2,537 

50,637 

2,646 
22,953 
It, 346 
10,607 
6,718 

22,081 

tt,4t8 
-347 
56,872 
52, 950 
3,922 

7,795 
1,715 
21,816 
17,9t4 
3,892 

4,988 
23,535 
21,020 
2,469 


7,795 
23,747 
22,600 
22, 181 
419 
1,749 

52,611 
2,377 
20,245 
10,436 
9,809 
6,534 

23,312 

tt, 861 
451 
53,058 
50,711 
2,347 

7,629 

1,814 
21,129 

17,558 
3,791 

4,193 
23,434 
21,868 
2,078 


Ohio 


Oklahoma 


White 


Other races 


Oregon 


Pennsy 1 vania. 


Rhode Island 


South Carolina. 


White ' 


Otter rates 


South Dakota 


Tennessee 


White 


Other races 


Texas 


White 


Other races . 


Utah 


Vermont 


Virginia 


White 


Other race*. . 


Washington . - 


West Virginia. 


Wisconsin 


Wvnming 





1 A minus sign indicates an excess of deaths over births. * Not in the birth registration area. 
Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 

No. 83. BIRTHS, DEATHS, AND EXCESS OF BIRTHS OVER DEATHS: RATES 
PER 1,000 POPULATION ix THE BIRTH REGISTRATION AREA 

NOTE. Kates for 1930 to 1933, except for the total birth registration area, are based on unrevised popula- 
tion estimates. For rates for the total birth registration area for 1934 and 1935, see table 81. See also 
general note, p. 80. 



Area 


1920 


1925 


1927 


1928 


1*29 


1930 


1931 


1932 


1S33 


Total birth registration area: 
Births 


23.7 


21.5 


20 6 


19 8 


18.9 


18.9 


18 


17 4 


16 5 


Deaths.. 


13.1 


11 8 


11 4 


12.0 


1L9 


11 3 


11. 1 


10 9 


10 7 


Excess 


10 6 


9 7 


9 2 


7 8 


7 


7 6 


6 9 


6 5 


5 8 


White: 
Births 


23 4 


2L2 


20 4 


19 5 


18.6 


18.6 


17 7 


17 


16 1 


Deaths 


12.7 


11.4 


10 9 


11 5 


11.3 


10 8 


10 6 


10 5 


10 3 


Excess . . 


10.7 


9 8 


9 5 


8 


7 3 


7 g 


7 1 


6 5 


5 8 


Other races: 
Births 


26 9 


2 C 4 


23 6 


22.' 


21 3 


21 5 


20 9 


21 3 


20 ' 


Deaths 


18 3 


17 6 


16. 5 


17 1 


16.9 


16 3 


15 5 


14. 5 


14. 1 


Excess 


8.6 


7 g 


7 1 


5. 1 


4.4 


5 2 


5 4 


6 8 


6 1 


Cities: 
Births 


23 9 


21 9 


21 


20 1 


19 4 


19 1 


17 5 


16 7 


15 6 


Deaths 


14.0 


12.7 


12.4 


13 3 


13 


12.3 


11 9 


11 6 


11 5 


Excess- .. 


9.9 


9 2 


8 6 


6 8 


6.4 


6 8 


56 


5 1 


4. 1 


Rural: 
Births 


23.5 


21.0 


20 3 


19 5 


18 4 


18 7 


18.4 


18. 1 


17 4 


Deaths.. - 


12 2 


10 9 


10 4 


11 


10 9 


10 5 


10 3 


10 2 


9 9 


Excess. 


11 3 


10 1 


9 9 


8. 5 


7 5 


8 2 


8. 1 


7 9 


7 5 























Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 



88 



VITAL STATISTICS 



No. 84. BIRTHS AND EXCESS OF BIRTHS OVER DEATHS: RATES PER 1,000 

POPULATION, BY STATES 

NOTE. See general note, p. 80. Where blanks occur in the following table, the State was not in the regis- 
tration area. Rates through 1933 for "white" and "colored" are shown in previous issues of this publi- 
cation; rates for 1931 to 1933, however, were based on unrevised estimates of population. 



State 


Births per 1,000 population 


Excess of births over deaths 
per 1,000 population 


1920 


1925 


1930 


1931 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1925 


1930 


1933 


1934 


1935 

6.0 


Total birth regis- 
tration area 

Alabama 


23.7 


21.5 


18.9 


18.0 


17.4 


18.5 


17.1 


16.9 


9.7 


7.6 


5.8 


6.1 






24.0 
24.0 
22.1 
14.8 
18.1 
17.2 
18.7 
19.1 
18.3 
20.8 

20.5 
16.8 
18.2 
17.3 
17.9 
22.6 
20.4 
20.2 
18.5 
17.3 

20.6 

18.5 
24.0 
17.0 
18.6 
19.6 
14.6 
17.8 
16.8 
28.6 

17.1 
24.1 
21.7 
17.8 
17.7 
14.1 
19.6 
17.7 
23.2 


23.3 
22.0 
21.7 
14.1 
17.7 
15.6 
17.4 
18.4 
18.0 
21.0 

20.0 
15.4 
17.0 
16.8 
17.5 
21.3 
20.5 
20.1 
17.5 
16.2 

19.0 
18.1 
22.5 
16.4 
18.0 
19.4 
13.2 
16.3 
15.6 
29.1 

16.2 
23.1 
20.9 
16.2 
17.8 
13.6 
18.3 
16.5 
22.4 


23.0 
20.3 
19.5 
13.4 
16.8 
14.3 
17.4 
19.3 
17.9 
21.5 

19.0 
14.4 

15.9 
16.2 
16.9 
21.9 
20.5 
19.7 
17.5 
16.0 

18.0 
17.9 

23.0 
15.9 
17.0 
18.3 
13.3 
16.2 
14.7 
29.4 

15.6 
23.7 
20.4 
15.2 
16.8 
13.1 
17.1 
16.3 
23.2 
19.1 
19.4 


21.4 
19.7 
18.4 
12.8 
16.3 
13.4 
15.7 
18.3 
16.5 
20.4 

18.4 
13.9 
15.0 
15.7 
16.4 
20.0 
18.8 
18.2 
16.6 
14.7 

17.2 
17.1 
22.0 
15.0 
16.8 
17.7 
14.1 
15.1 
13.3 
29.2 

14.6 
22.6 
19.0 
14.3 

17.7 
12.3 
15.8 
15.2 
22.4 
18.6 

18.3 
18.0 
23.2 
16.5 
20.0 
13.0 
20.3 
17.3 
18.3 


22.6 
20.9 
19.0 
13.2 
16.9 
13.1 
15.8 
18.1 
16.8 
21.5 

19.8 
14. 1 
15.4 
16.8 
17.4 
21.3 
20.3 
18.8 
16.4 
14.8 

17.9 
17.5 
23.8 
15.3 
18.7 
18.4 
14.6 
15.9 
12.8 
30.3 

14.4 
23.6 
20.9 
14.9 
19.0 
13.1 
16.0 
15.2 
24.3 
19.0 

18.8 
19.3 
24.6 
17.6 
20.1 
13.9 
23.0 
17.7 
19.8 


22.0 
22.5 
17.9 
13.4 
17.7 
13.0 
15.8 
18.2 
17.4 
20.8 

19.8 
14.3 
15.4 
16.2 
16.3 
20.3 
19.9 
18.6 
16.3 
14.4 

18.5 
17.5 
24.1 
14.6 
18.9 
17.1 
14.4 
15.5 
12.7 
31.3 

14.3 
23.0 
19.5 
15.1 
17.4 
13.1 
16.0 
15.0 
22.1 
18.6 

18.9 
18.9 
24.7 
17.5 
19.5 
13.7 
23.0 
18.1 
18.8 




12.6 
8.6 
11.9 
3.2 
5.4 
6.5 
5.1 
4.1 
5.9 
8.7 

11.2 
5.9 
6.1 
6.7 
7.5 
11.4 
8.7 
6.3 

r o 
0. O 

5.7 

9.9 
8.5 
12.0 
5.2 
8.5 
9.9 
1.9 
4.3 
6.1 
13.0 

5.4 
12.9 
13.8 
6.3 
9.5 
3.1 
8.0 
6.0 
10.3 


11.6 
6.3 
9.9 
1.2 
4.9 
3.0 
2.5 
3.8 
4.5 
10.0 

9.7 
3.3 
3.7 

5.5 
5.9 
9.7 
7.9 
4.8 
4.2 
2.9 

6.9 
7.4 
11.2 
3.9 
7.0 
8.3 
1.3 
1.8 
2.9 
15.4 

3.0 
13.4 
11.1 
3.4 
9.5 
1.7 
5.1 
3.6 
11.7 
9.8 

8.1 
8.2 
14.7 
4.0 
8.9 
2.6 
11.0 
7.2 
9.7 


12.1 
7.0 
10.5 
1.7 
5.1 
2.8 
2.5 
3.3 
4.0 
9.7 

10.5 
2.9 
3.4 
6.2 
6.7 
10.6 
9.3 
5.7 
3.8 
3.1 

7.1 
7.4 
12.9 
3.2 
8.1 
8.6 
1.4 
3.0 
2.5 
15.8 

2.8 
13.2 
12.5 
3.4 
10.4 
2.5 
5.0 
3.9 
12.6 
9.7 

7.9 
9.4 
15.2 
4.6 
8.4 
3.1 
13.0 
7.2 
10.7 


11.9 
7.5 
9.8 
1.3 
5.3 
2.7 
3.3 
3.9 
5.0 
9.5 

10.3 
3.4 
3.9 

5.8 
5.5 
10.0 
8.7 
5.6 
3.6 
2.9 

7.7 
7.5 
13.5 
36 
7.1 
7.4 
1.0 
2.5 
2.6 
16.4 

2.8 
13.2 
11.1 
3.6 
9.0 
1.8 
5.2 
3.5 
11.0 
9.5 

8.3 
8.8 
14.9 
4.8 
8.0 
2.6 
12.9 
7.5 
9.0 


Arizona 








Arkansas 








California 


19.0 


18.4 


6.1 


Colorado 


Connecticut 


24.5 


19.8 
20.2 
19.6 
23.8 


8.0 

6.7 
4.5 
10.2 


Delaware . . . .. 


District of Columbia. 
Florida 


20.1 


Georgia 




Idaho 








Illinois 




19.1 

20.8 
19.6 
20.1 

25.2 


7.6 
8.3 
9.6 
9.9 
13.9 


Indiana 


22.0 


Iowa 


Kansas 


22.3 
25.9 


Kentucky 


Louisiana 


Maine 


22.5 
24.8 
23.7 

24.9 
23.3 


22.3 
21.9 
21.2 

23.1 
21.7 
23.7 


8.5 
7.9 
8.5 

11.6 
11.5 
12.1 


Maryland. . 


Massachusetts 


Michigan 


Minnesota 


Mississippi 


Missouri 




Montana 




18.9 
21.8 


9.3 
12.5 


Nebraska 


23.8 


Nevada 


New Hampshire 
New Jersey 


22.4 


20.7 
20.4 


6.3 

8.8 


New Mexico 




New York 


22.4 
31.4 


19.9 
29.0 
21.8 
20.3 


7.6 
17.7 
14.2 

8.5 


North Carolina- - 


North Dakota 


Ohio. 


21.3 


Oklahnrna 


Oregon 


18.9 
25.2 


17.7 
23.4 
22.2 


6.7 
10.8 
9.5 


Pennsylvania 


Rhode Island 


South Carolina 


28.3 


South Dakota 






Tennessee . . 






20.0 


19.5 





8.6 


Texas 






Utah.. 


31.3 
21.0 
28.4 
19.8 


28.6 
21.1 
25.8 
16.9 
28.2 
20.5 
22.9 


25.4 
19.2 
22.5 
14.7 
24.0 
19.3 
19.8 


23.6 
18.3 
21.3 
13.9 
22.4 
18.6 
19.8 


23.4 
16.4 
21.7 
13.4 
21.9 
18.2 
18.7 


19.3 
6.7 
13.4 
6.5 
17.5 
10.0 
13.9 


15.5 
6.2 
10.0 
4.1 
13.5 
8.9 
10.6 


Vermont 


Virginia 


Washington 


West Vriginia 


Wisconsin.. - 


22.2 


Wyoming 







Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 

No> 85. BIRTHS AND STILLBIRTHS BY LEGITIMACY: BY STATES, 1935 
NOTE. In corresponding table in previous issues of this publication giving data for 1930 to 1934, Mexicans 
were included with "colored" while in the table below they are included with "white" 



Area 


Live births 


Stillbirths 


Stillbirths per 100 
live births 


Total 


Legiti- 
mate 


Illegiti- 
mate 


Total 


Legiti- 
mate 


Illegiti- 
mate 


Total 


Legiti- 
mate 


Illegiti- 
mate 


United States ' 


2,011,973 
1, 749, 833 
262, 140 


1, 933, 099 
1, 713, 178 
219, 921 


78, 874 
36, 655 
42, 219 


73, 262 

55, 030 
18, 232 


67, 201 
53,001 
14.200 


6,061 
2,029 
4,032 


3.6 
3.1 
7.0 


3.5 
3.1 
6.5 


7.7 
5.5 
9.6 


White 


Other races 



t Exclusive of California and Massachusetts, which do not require a statement of legitimacy of child. 



VITAL STATISTICS 89 

No. 85. BIRTHS AND STILLBIRTHS BY LEGITIMACY: BY STATES, 1935 



Area 


Live births 


Stillbirths 


Stillbirths per 100 live 
births 


Total 


Legiti- 
mate 


Illegiti- 
mate 


Total 


Legiti- 
mate 


Illegiti- 
mate 


Total 


Legiti- 
mate 


Illegiti- 
mate 


Alabama - 


62,239 
38,364 
23,875 
9,139 
35,684 
27,175 
8,609 
18,837 
22,268 
4,036 
10,803 
7,162 
3,641 
28,051 
19,579 
8,472 
63,260 
57, 3S4 
25,926 
9,469 
111, 884 
52,909 
41, 137 
30,589 
57, 715 
54,918 
2,797 
42,270 
24,417. 
17,853 
15, 723 
27,236 
21,322 
6,914 
87,446 
45,962 
48,320 
21,977 
26,843 
57,299 
10,029 
23,327 
1,423 
7,768 
54,514 
13,190 
184,344 
78, 753 
63,665 
25,088 
13,655 
101, 103 
43, 691 
40, 360 
3,331 
13, 179 
161, 166 
10, 215 
40, 598 
19,590 
21,008 
12,850 
53, 314 
44,981 
8,333 
114,721 
100, 766 
13, 965 
12, 695 
6,591 
51,487 
36, 610 
14,877 
22,396 
41, 774 
52,562 
4,362 


56,885 
37,654 
19,231 
8,918 
33,996 
26, 782 
7,214 
18, 349 
21, 777 
3,752 
9,910 
7,014 
2,896 
26,214 
19,238 
6,976 
58,297 
36,672 
21,625 
9,369 
109,083 
51,805 
40,396 
30,064 
56,580 
54,082 
2,498 
38,637 
28, 953 
14,684 
15, 191 
25,195 
20,781 
4,414 
85,211 
44,828 
44,099 
21,708 
22, 391 
55, 451 
9,819 
22,899 
1,401 
7,587 
53,191 
12, 696 
180, 611 
72, 339 
62, 103 
20,236 
13, 315 
98, 639 
42,783 
39,746 
8,037 
12, 970 
155, 677 
9,907 
36,342 
19, 17S 
17, 169 
12, 624 
51,088 
43,982 
7,106 
111, 180 
99,013 
12,167 
12, 579 
6,384 
47,685 
35,642 
12, 143 
21, 918 
39, 771 
51,388 
4,299 


5,354 
710 
4,644 
221 
1,688 
893 
1,295 
488 
481 
284 
893 

'341 
1,496 
4,963 
662 
4,301 
100 
2,801 
1,104 
741 
525 
1,135 
836 
299 
3,633 
464 
8,169 
532 
2,041 
641 
1,600 
2,235 
1,134 
4,221 
269 
8,952 
1,848 
210 
428 
22 
181 
1,323 
494 
3,733 
6,414 
1,662 
4,852 
340 
2,464 
908 
614 
294 
209 
5,489 
308 
4,256 
417 
8,889 
226 
2,226 
999 
1.217 
3,541 
1,753 
1,788 
116 
207 
3,802 
1,068 
2,734 
478 
2,003 
1,174 
63 


3,003 
1,297 
1,706 
255 
1,350 
785 
566 
539 
587 
148 
409 
222 
187 
1,573 
721 
852 
3,877 
1,477 
2,400 
217 
3,308 
1,430 
1,105 
836 
1,915 
1,737 
178 
2,087 
830 
1,257 
531 
1,516 
1,022 
494 
2,717 
1,263 
2,309 
675 
1,634 
2,206 
232 
644 
31 
265 
1,857 
379 
7,326 
3,255 
1,634 
1,621 
350 
3,225 
1,269 
1,100 
169 
295 
5,212 
293 
2,474 
722 
1,762 
342 
2,159 
1, 613 
646 
4,370 
3,346 
1,024 
274 
189 
2,182 
1,166 
1,016 
476 
1,645 
1,251 
86 


2,510 
1,241 
1,269 
242 
1,197 
769 
488 
507 
574 
131 
343 
211 
182 
1,362 
700 
662 
3,321 
1,430 
1,891 
211 
3,162 
1,377 
1,058 
802 
1,827 
1,686 
141 
1,675 
805 
870 
512 
1,282 
955 
S27 
2,593 
1,206 
1,999 
665 
1,834 
2,057 
223 
621 
30 
252 
1,781 
350 
7,019 
2,781 
1,658 
1,223 
336 
3,104 
1,215 
1,079 
136 
288 
4,936 
281 
2,016 
693 
1,323 
332 
1,988 
1,546 
442 
4,071 
8,257 
814 
273 
181 
1,897 
1,108 
789 
470 
1,519 
1,206 
83 


493 
66 
487 
13 
153 
26 
127 
32 
13 
17 
66 
11 
65 
211 
21 
190 
556 
47 
609 
6 
146 
53 
47 
34 
88 
51 
87 
412 
25 
387 
19 
234 
67 
167 
124 
57 
310 
10 
300 
149 
9 
23 
1 
13 
76 
29 
307 
474 
76 
398 
14 
121 
54 
SI 
SS 
7 
276 
12 
458 
29 
429 
10 
171 
67 
104 
299 
89 
210 
1 
8 
285 
68 
227 
6 
126 
45 
3 


4.8 
S.4 
7.1 
2.8 
3.8 
2.9 
6.6 
2.9 
2.6 
3.7 
3.8 
S.I 
S.I 
5.6 
S.7 
10.1 
6.1 
4.0 
9.8 
2.3 
3.0 
2.7 
2.7 
2.7 
3.3 
S.2 
6.4 
4.9 
S.4 
7.0 
3.4 
5.6 
4.8 

a 

2.7 
4.8 
S.I 
6.2 
3.8 
2.3 
2.8 
2.2 
3.4 
3.4 
2.9 
4.0 
4.1 
S.O 
6.5 
2.6 
3.2 
2.9 
2.7 
5.1 
2.2 
3.2 
2.9 
6.1 
S.7 
8.3 
2.7 
4.0 
S.6 
6.6 
3.8 
S.S 
7.S 
2.2 
2.9 
4.2 
S.2 
6.8 
2.1 
3.9 
2.4 
2.0 


4.4 
S.S 
6.6 
2.7 
3.5 
g.8 
6.1 
2.8 
2.6 
3.5 
3.5 
S.O 
4-6 
5.2 
S.6 
9.5 
5.7 
S.9 
8.7 
2.3 
2.9 
2.7 
2.6 
2.7 
3.2 
S.I 
5.6 
4.3 
S.4 
5.9 
3.4 
5.1 
4.6 

l:i 

2.7 
4.5 
8.1 
6.0 
3.7 
2.3 
2.7 
2.1 
3.3 
3.3 
2.8 
3.9 
3.8 
S.O 
6.0 
2.5 
3.1 
2.8 
2.7 
4.5 
2.2 
3.2 
2.8 
5.5 
8.6 
7.7 
2.6 
3.9 
3.6 
6.2 
3.7 
S.S 
6.7 
2.2 
2.8 
4.0 
S.I 
6.6 
2.1 
3.8 
2.3 
1.9 


9.2 
7.9 
9.4 
5.9 
9.1 
6.6 
9.8 
6.6 
2.7 
6.0 
7.4 

% 

11.5 
6.8 
12.7 
11.2 
7.1 
11.8 
6.0 
5.2 
4.8 
6.3 
6.5 
7.8 
6.1 
12.4 
11.3 
6.4 
12.2 
3.6 
11.5 
12.4 
* 11 1 
5.5 
5.0 
7.3 
S.7 
7.6 
8.1 
4.3 
5.4 
4.5 
7.2 
5.7 
5.9 
8.2 
7.4 
4.9 
8.2 
4.1 
4.9 
5.9 
S.4 
11.2 
3.3 
5.0 
3.9 
10.8 
7.0 
11.2 
4.4 
7.7 
6.7 
8.5 
8.4 
5.1 
11.7 
0.9 
3.9 
7.5 
5.0 
8.8 
1.3 
6.3 
3.8 
4.8 


White 


Other races 




Arkansas 


White ' 


Other races 


Colorado -- 


Connecticut 


Delaware - - 


District of Columbia. . - 
White 


Other races . . 


Florida 


White.... 


Other races . . 


Georgia 


White 


Other races 


Idaho -- 


Ulinois - - 


Indiana 


Iowa 


Kansas 


Kentucky 


White . 


Other races 


Louisiana - 


White 


Other races 


Maine _ _ _. _ 


Maryland 


White 


Other races . 


Michigan 


Minnesota - 


Mississippi 


White 


Other races.. .. 


Missouri 


Montana - - 


Nebraska 


Nevada 


New Hampshire 


New Jersey 


New Mexico 


New York 


North Carolina 


White 


Other races 


North Dakota 


Ohio . 


Oklahoma 


White 


Other races.. .. 


Oregon 


Pennsyl vania 


Rhode Island 


South Carolina 


White 


Other races . .. 


South Dakota 


Tennessee 


White.... . .. 


Other races 


Texas 


White.... 


Other races . 


Utah 


Vermont . . 


Virginia 


White 


Other races 


Washington 


West Virginia 


Wisconsin 


Wyoming 





Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 



90 



VITAL STATISTICS 



No. 86. DEATHS OF INFANTS UNDER 1 YEAR OF AGE: NUMBER AND RATES, 
BY STATES, FOR THE BIRTH REGISTRATION AREA 

NOTE. Data for "white" and "other races" for 1932 to 1934 revised. See also general note, p. 80 



Area 


Number of 
infant deaths 


Deaths of infants under 1 year of age per 1,000 births 


1934 


1935 


1920 


1925 


1930 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


Total birth registration area. 
White 


130, 185 

105, 521 
26, 664 


120, 138 
97. 907 
22, 231 


86 

82 
132 


72 
68 
111 


65 

60 
100 


58 
54 

84 


58 
54 
86 


60 
56 
92 


56 

52 
83 


Other races 


Cities 


57, 031 
48, 159 
8,872 
73, 154 
57, 362 
15, 792 


53, 839 
45, 892 
7,947 
66, 299 
52, 015 
14,284 


91 

87 
158 
81 
76 
118 


73 
69 
125 
70 
67 
101 


63 
59 
109 
66 
62 
95 


57 
,53 
97 
58 
54 
86 


57 
53 
97 
59 
54 
87 


58 
54 
100 
62 

57 
88 


54 
51 
90 
57 
53 
80 


White 


Other races 


Rural part 


White 


Other races 


Alabama 


4,303 

2,270 
2, OSS 
879 
2,029 
1,604 
525 

4,050 
8,803 
W 
1,298 
1,085 
245 
662 
28S 
379 

1,821 
1,014 

807 
5,099 
2,606 
2,493 
471 
5,825 

2,960 
2,149 
1,574 
3,887 
3,632 
355 
2,971 
1,383 
1,688 

1,112 
1,924 
1,272 
652 
3,125 
4,364 
2,168 

3,102 

1,224 
1,878 
3,735 
532 
1,141 
85 
478 
2,678 
1,613 
9,634 

6,212 
3, 665 
2,547 
833 
5,379 
2,864 
2,466 
408 
521 

Ion area. 


3,910 
1,980 
1,930 
1,021 
1,681 
1,268 
413 

3,978 
3,750 
228 
1,370 
951 
268 
642 
292 
S60 

1,736 
988 
748 
4,320 
2,229 
2,091 
483 
5,138 

2,690 
1,937 
1,539 
3,388 
3,110 
278 
2,933 
1,408 
1,525 

990 
1,689 
1,103 
586 
3,041 
4,172 
2,053 

2,605 
1,050 
1,655 
3,262 
602 
960 
101 
419 
2,520 
1,705 
8,852 

5,422 

3,201 
2,221 
811 
5,093 
2,384 
2,039 
345 
543 


(J) 






74 
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91 

72 
139 

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102 
104 
90 
164 
91 
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86 

85 
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73 
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76 
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76 
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122 
78 
62 
103 

76 
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63 
121 
60 
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68 
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59 
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145 
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105 
62 
61 
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61 
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64 
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63 
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65 
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63 
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53 
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66 
98 
70 
57 
89 

66 
66 
55 
104 
52 
51 
48 

64 
61 
75 
55 
52 
49 
73 
56 
46 
136 
54 

66 
55 
90 
60 
53 
56 
53 
96 
40 


68 
67 
85 
104 
54 
52 
61 

52 
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69 
73 
49 
61 
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43 
108 

68 
55 
100 
79 
68 
95 
50 
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57 
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65 
62 
117 
69 
56 
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71 
70 
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107 
49 
52 
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65 
66 
74 
63 
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46 
59 
61 
49 
126 
52 

78 
67 
101 
57 
54 
61 
67 
106 
40 


63 
54 
81 

112 

47 

% 

50 
49 
57 
73 
43 
66 
59 

& 

62 
60 
88 
68 
60 
81 
51 
46 

51 
47 
50 
59 
57 
99 
69 
68 
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63 
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62 
99 
48 
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45 

54 

& 

57 
60 
41 
71 
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129 
48 

69 
60 
89 
59 
50 
55 
51 
104 
41 


White - 


Other Taces 


Arizona 


Arkansas 


White 


Other races 


California... 


White 


Other races 


Colorado 


Connecticut 


Delaware 


District of Columbia 


White. 


Other races 


Florida 


White 


Other races.. . 


Georgia 


White.. 


Other races _ 


Idaho. 


Illinois 


Indiana 


Iowa 


Kansas 


Kentucky . . . 


White 


Other races - .. 


Louisiana 


White - 


Other races 


Maine 


Maryland 


White 


Other races . 


Massachusetts 


Michigan . . 


Minnesota 


Mississippi... 


White 


Other races 


Missouri 


Montana 


Nebraska... . 


Nevada 


New Hampshire 


New Jersey 


New Mexico 


New York 


North Carolina 


White 


Other races ... . . 


North Dakota 


Ohio 


Oklahoma- .. 


White . . . 


Other races 


Oregon. 


> Not in the birth registrat 



VITAL STATISTICS 



91 



No. 86. DEATHS OP INFANTS UNDER 1 YEAR OP AGE: NUMBER AND RATES 
BY STATES, FOR THE BIRTH REGISTRATION AREA Continued 



Area 


Number of 
infant deaths 


Deaths of infants under 1 year of age per 1,000 births 


1934 


193.5 


1920 


1925 


1930 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


Pennsylvania 


8,812 
558 
3,674 

X 1'V? 

764 
3,863 
2,998 
865 
8,381 
7,169 
1,222 

622 
347 
3.8C5 
2,316 
1,489 
973 
2,794 
2,542 
242 

1 ~ - T"~ 

61,665 


8,194 
482 
3,219 
1,206 
t,01S 
674 
3,414 
t,716 
698 
8,230 
7,076 
1,154 

626 
320 
3,583 
g,15S 
1,-lSO 
1,012 
2,533 
2,419 
223 

1 - 

57,095 


97 

() 
116 

83 
148 
0) 

0) 

V 





71 
96 
84 

7g 
110 
66 

{ \ 

0) 


82 
73 

0) 

0) 

0) 

(0 

(0 

i 

1 

0) 

56 
72 
81 
68 
111 
56 
80 
67 
64 


68 
62 
89 
69 
108 

0) 

76 
69 
115 
(') 

0) 

0) 

57 
65 
77 
65 
107 
49 
81 
56 
69 


60 
57 
77 
62 
92 
50 
68 
63 
95 
0) 

8 

44 
63 
67 
58 
90 
45 
75 
50 
57 


53 

56 
78 
61 
95 
55 
69 
63 
102 
76 
75 
79 

48 
53 
69 
69 
90 
39 
68 
49 
55 


55 
54 
83 
67 
98 
58 
74 
ffi 
109 
72 
70 
83 

49 
53 
73 
62 
98 
43 
67 
49 
53 


51 
47 
79 
62 
96 
52 
64 
60 
84 
72 
70 
8S 

49 
49 
70 
59 
96 
45 
61 
46 
51 


Rhode Island 


South Carolina. . 


White 


Other races 


South Dakota 


Tennessee 


White 


Other races. 


Texas 


White 


Other races 


Utah 


Vermont 


Virginia.. _ 


White . . 


Other races 


Washington 


West Virginia . 


W isconsin 


Wyoming 


Total for area having birth 
registration in 1917 J . 


86 


73 


63 


57 


55 


56 


52 





>Not in the birth registration area. 



z Exclusive of Rhode Island. 



No. 87. DEATHS OF INFANTS UNDER 1 YEAR OF AGE: RATES PER 1,000 
BIRTHS, BY PRINCIPAL CAUSES, FOR THE BIRTH REGISTRATION AREA 

NOTE. See general note, p. 80 



Deaths under 1 year of age per 1,000 births 



Cause of death 


Entire registration area 


Registration area as of 1917 
(exclusive of Rhode Island) 


1920 


1925 


1939 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1920 


1925 


1930 


1934 


1935 


All causes . 


85.8 


71.7 

."--_' '- 

.3 
.1 
1.8 
.3 

4.4 

.3 

.3 
.1 
.6 
.7 


84.8 

.4 
.1 
1.5 
.2 

3.8 

.4 
.3 

is 

.8 


57.8 

.2 
0) 
1.5 
.2 

4.0 

.2 
.3 
.1 
.5 

.8 


58.1 

.3 
0) 
1.3 
.2 

4.0 

.4 
.3 
.1 
.4 

.8 


60.1 

& 

.2 
3.6 

.4 
.2 
.1 
.3 
.7 


55.7 

.4 
.1 
1.4 
.1 

3.6 

.4 
.3 
.1 
.3 
.7 


86.1 


72.8 


63.1 


58.4 


52.3 


Measles 


1.0 
.1 
3.0 
.5 

5.9 

.4 
.4 
.1 
1.0 
.9 
1.0 

9.6 
1.2 
14.9 
6.2 

7.7 
19.4 

3.7 
1.0 

2.5 
5.4 


LO 
.1 
3.0 
.5 

5.7 

.3 
.4 
.1 
LO 

.8 


.4 
.1 
1.6 
.3 

4.4 
.3 

0) 

"7 


.3 
.1 
1.4 
.2 

3.6 

.3 
.4 
0) 

.5 
7 


$ 

.1 
3.1 

.3 
.3 

<?. 

.6 


G) 

1.3 
.1 

3.1 

.2 
.3 
(0 
.3 
.5 


Scarlet fever . _ . _ 


Whooping cough- 


Diphtheria J 


Influenza and pneumonia 
(lobarand unspecified) .. 

Dysentery . . 


Erysipelas 


Tetanus 


Tuberculosis (all forms) 
Syphilis _ 


Convulsions 


.7 

7.7 
.6 
11.2 
6.2 

5.9 
17.2 

4.9 
LO 

2.2 

5.2 


.4 

6.8 
.3 
7.8 
5.3 

4.7 
16.7 

4.8 
1.1 

4.0 
4.5 


.3 

6.0 
.2 
5.2 
5.3 

4.2 

15.8 

4.6 
.9 

3.6 
3.8 


.3 

5.6 
.3 
5.6 
5.1 

4.3 
15.8 

4.6 
1.0 

3.8 
3.9 


.3 

6.2 
.3 
6.1 
5.2 

4.3 
16.2 

4.5 
1.0 

3.5 
4.0 


.3 

5.8 
.2 
4.9 
4.8 

3.9 
15.4 

4.5 
1.0 

3.4 
4.2 


1.0 

10.1 
1. 1 
15.2 
6.4 

7.7 
19.1 

3.9 
1.0 

2.5 
5.3 


.7 

8.0 
.6 
11.2 
6.3 

6.1 
17.6 

4.9 
1.0 

2.0 
5.4 


.4 

7.2 
.3 

7.5 
5.9 

4.8 
16.8 

5.3 
.9 

2.0 
4.6 


.2 

6.5 
.2 
5.1 
5.9 

4.1 
16.5 

5.0 
1.0 

1.2 
3.9 


.3 

5.8 
.2 
4.0 

5.5 

3.7 
15.6 

4.8 
1.0 

1.2 
4.1 


Bronchitis and broncho- 
pneumonia 


Diseases of the stomach 
Diarrhea and enteritis 
Congenital malformations. . 
Congenital debility and 
other diseases of early in- 
fancy-- 


Premature birth 


Injury at birth 


External causes 


Unknown or ill-defined 
diseases 


All other causes 





1 Less than one-tenth of 1 per 1,000 births. 
1 Includes croup in 1920. 



Excludes ulcer of the duodenum in 1920. 
4 Includes ulcer of the duodenum in 1920. 



Source of tables 86 and 87: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce 



92 



VITAL STATISTICS 



No. 88. DEATHS OF INFANTS UNDER 1 YEAR OF AGE: RATES PER 1,000 

BIRTHS ACCORDING TO AGE SUBDIVISIONS 

NOTE. See general note, p. 80 



Age 


Deaths under 1 year of age per 1,000 births 


Entire registration area 


Registration area as of 1917 
(exclusive of Rhode Island) 


1920 


1925 


1930 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1920 


1925 


1930 


1934 


1935 


Total under 1 year 
Under 1 day 


85.8 

14.8 
4.6 
3.4 
6.4 
5.4 
3.8 
3.1 
41.5 
7.3 
5.7 
13.1 
10.0 
8.3 


71.7 

15.0 
4.2 
3.2 
5.8 
4.4 
2.9 
2.3 
37.8 
5.8 
4.6 
10.3 
7.4 
5.8 


64.6 


57.6 

15.0 
3.8 
2.6 
4.7 
3.4 
2.2 
1.8 
33.5 
4.7 
3.6 
7.2 
4.9 
3.8 


58.1 

15.1 
3.8 
2.7 
4.7 
3.5 
2.2 
1.9 
34.0 
4.5 
3.5 
7.2 
5.0 
3.9 


60.1 


55.7 


86.1 


72.8 


63.1 


56.4 


52. .1 


15.0 
4.2 
2.9 
5.1 
3.9 
2.5 
2.1 
35.7 
5.3 
4.2 
8.8 
6.2 
4.6 


15.4 
3.9 
2.6 
4.6 
3.4 
2.3 
1.9 
34.1 
4.8 
3.8 
7.8 
fi.4 
4.2 


15.0 
3.7 
2.4 
4.4 
3.2 
2.0 
1.8 
32.4 
4.4 
3.5 
7.1 
4.8 
3.5 


14.8 
4.6 
3.4 
6.4 
5.4 
3.8 
3.1 
41.5 
7.2 
5.7 
13.2 
10.1 
8.5 


15.0 
4.3 
3.2 
5.9 
4.5 
3.0 
2.4 
38.3 
5.9 
4.7 
10.5 
7.5 
5.9 


14.9 
4.2 
2.9 
5.0 
3.8 
2.5 
2.1 
35.4 
5.1 
4.1 
8.4 
5.9 
4.3 


15.5 
3.8 
2.5 
4.4 
3.1 
2.2 
1.8 
33.3 
4.3 
3.5 
6.9 
4.8 
3.6 


14.8 
3.7 
2.4 
4.2 
2.9 
1.9 
1.6 
31.6 
4.0 
3.2 
6.2 
4.1 
3.1 


1 day .- 


2 days 


3 to 6 days 


1 week 


2 weeks 


3 weeks 


Under 1 month _ 




2 months .. . ._ 


3 to 5 months 


6 to 8 months . ... 


9 to 11 months 





No. 89. HAWAII, PUERTO RICO, AND VIRGIN ISLANDS: BIRTHS AND DEATHS 





Hawaii 


Puerto Rico 


Virgin Islands 


1920 


1925 


1930 


1934 


1935 


1934 


1935 


1925 


1930 


1934 


1935 


Number: 
Births 


0) 

4,600 
(0 

0) 
17.6 

0) 

1,083 
0) 


(0 

4,108 
0) 

(0 

13.0 

0) 

1,416 
0) 


10, 814 
3,865 

6,949 

29.1 
10.4 

18.7 

890 

82 


9,295 
3,455 

5,840 

22.4 
8.3 

14.1 

700 
75 


9,196 
3,306 

5,890 

23.8 
8.6 

15.2 

622 
68 


(') 

31,684 
(') 

& 

C) 

7,455 

(0 


0) 
30, 748 

(0 

(0 
18.0 

0) 
7,760 

C) 


634 

501 

133 

8 

( 2 ) 

90 
142 


592 

484 

108 

S 

( 2 ) 

71 
120 


657 
419 

238 

( 2 ) 
( 2 ) 

( 2 ) 

64 
97 


656 
492 

164 

( 2 ) 
( 2 ) 

( 2 ) 

112 
171 


Deaths 


Excess of births over 
deaths .- - 


Rate per 1,000 population: 
Births 


Deaths 


Excess of births over 
deaths 


Deaths under 1 year of age: 
Number 


Per 1,000 births 





1 Not in the birth registration area. 



8 Population estimates not available. 



No. 90. HOMICIDES AND SUICIDES : NUMBER AND RATE IN CITIES HAVING 
100,000 POPULATION OR MORE IN 1900 



Year 


Esti- 
mated 
popu- 
lation 
July 1 
(thou- 
sands) 


Homicides 


Suicides 


Year 


Esti- 
mated 
popu- 
lation 
Julyl 
(thou- 
sands) 


Homicides 


Suicides 


Num- 
ber 


Rate 
100,000 
lation 


Num- 
ber 


Rate 
per 
100,000 
popu- 
lation 


Num- 
ber 


Rate 
per 
100,000 
popu- 
lation 


Num- 
ber 


Rate 
per 
100,000 
popu- 
lation 

15.9 
15.1 
15.1 
15.5 
15.8 
16.5 
17.1 
17.9 
18.3 
20.1 
20.1 
21.4 
19.6 
( 2 ) 
0) 


1900 - 


14,134 
16.104 
17,541 
18,018 
18,523 
18, 958 
19, 413 
19,847 
20,273 
20,730 
21, 022 
21,616 
22, 039 
22,563 
23,010 


481 
983 
,401 
,252 
,479 
,505 
,504 
,702 
,715 
,698 
,786 
2,061 
1, 865 
2,006 
1,930 


3.4 
6.1 
8.0 
6.9 
8.0 
7.9 
7.7 
8.6 
8.5 
8.2 
8.5 
9.5 
8.5 
8.9 
8.4 


2,099 
3,126 
3,957 
3,772 
3,743 
3,880 
3,868 
3,957 
4,351 
4,455 
3,892 
3,816 
3,351 
3,229 
2,910 


14.9 
19.4 
22.6 
20.9 
20.2 
20.5 
19.9 
19.9 
21.5 
21.5 
18.5 
17.7 
15.2 
14.3 
12.6 


1921-.- 


23, 463 
23,936 
24,411 
24, 867 
25, 339 
25,831 
28, 338 
26,815 
27, 283 
27, 789 
28, 259 
28, 251 
28, 494 
( 2 ) 
( 2 ) 


2,168 
2,211 
2,435 
2,682 
2,808 
2,715 
2,771 
2,748 
2,674 
2,866 
2,924 
2,868 
2,865 
2,660 
2,408 


9.2 
9.2 
10.0 
10.8 
11.1 
10.5 
10. 5 
10.2 
9.8 
10.3 
10.3 
10.2 
10.1 
<) 
( 2 ) 


3,731 
3,626 
3,692 
3, 855 
4,000 
4,264 
4,492 
4,799 
4,996 
5,587 
5,668 
6,059 
5,571 
5,044 
4,752 


1905 . . 


1922 


1908 


1923 


1909 . 


1924 


1910 - 


1925 


1911 


1926 


1912 


1927 


1913 


1928 


1914 


1929 -. 


1915 .. . . 


1930 


1916 


1931 


1917 


1932 


1918 


1933 


1919 


1934 


1920 


1935 







i Excludes Memphis, Tenn. 2 Population estimates not available. 

Source of tables 88, 89, and 90: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 



VITAL STATISTICS 



93 



No. 91. BIRTH AND DEATH REGISTRATION: STATES INCLUDED IN REGISTRA- 
TION AREA WITH YEAR WHEN EACH WAS ADDED 

NOTE. In each year prior to 1933, the death registration area included besides the registration States, as 
given below, a number of cities in nonregistration States. Beginning with 1933, all States have been 
included in both the birth and death registration areas. 



Death regist 


ration S 


tates and Territorit 





Birth registra 


tion St 


ates and Territories 




State 


Year 


State 


Year 


State 


Year 


State 


Year 


Massachusetts 


] 




1914 


Connecticut 




New Jersey 


1921 


New Jersey 


> 1880 


South Carolina 


1916 


Maine 




Illinois 




Dist of Col 




Tennessee 


1917 


Massachusetts 




Montana 


1922 


Connecticut 




Illinois 




Michigan | 




Wyoming 




Delaware ' 




Louisiana 


[ 1918 


Minnesota 




Florida 




New Hampshire. 




Oregon 




New Hampshire. 


1915 


Iowa 


1924 


New York 


i 1890 


Florida 


\ 


New York 




North Dakota 




Rhode Island 




Mississippi 


> 1919 


Pennsylvania ... 




West Virginia. 


1925 


Vermont 




Nebraska 


1920 


Rhode Island*... 




Arizona. _. 




Maine 


1 


Georgia 4 




Vermont 




Idaho 


1926 


Michigan 


> 1900 


Idaho 


i 1922 


Dist. of Col 




Alabama 




Indiana 




Wyoming 


j 


Maryland 


1916 


Arkansas 




California 


! 


Iowa 


1923 


Indiana 




Louisiana 


1927 


Colorado 




North Dakota 


1924 


Kansas 




Missouri 




Maryland 


\ 1906 


Alabama 




Kentucky . 




Tennessee 




Pennsylvania 




West Virginia . 


> 1925 


North Carolina .. 




Colorado 




South Dakota J 


J 


Arizona 


1926 


Ohio... 


1917 


Georgia * . 


\ 1928 


Washington 


I 1908 


Arkansas 


1927 


Utah 




Oklahoma 


j 


Wisconsin 




Oklahoma 


1928 


Virginia 




Nevada 




Ohio 


1909 


Nevada 




Washington 




New Mexico 


1929 


Minnesota 




New Mexico 


j 1929 


Wisconsin 




South Dakota 


1932 


Montana 




Texas 


1933 


California 




Texas . 


1933 


North Carolina * 


1910 






Oregon 


1919 






Utah 




Hawaii 


1917 


South Carolina* 




Virgin Islands 


1924 


Kentucky 




Virgin Isalnds 


1924 


Nebraska 


1920 


Hawaii 


1929 


Missouri 


> 1911 


Puerto Rico 


1932 


Delaware 








Virginia 


1913 






Mississippi 


1921 






L,UW. | 

















1 Dropped from area in 1900; readmitted in 1919. Dropped from area in 1910; readmitted in 1930. 
s Included only municipalities having a population of 1,000 or more in 1900; remainder added in 1916. 
* In 1925, State registration law declared unconstitutional; readmitted in 1928. 
Dropped from area in 1919 ; readmitted in 1921. Dropped from area in 1925; readmitted in 1928. 

No. 92. MARRIAGES, DIVORCES, AND ANNULMENTS: NUMBER AND RATIO 
OP DIVORCES TO MARRIAGES, CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES 



Calendar year 


Marriages, 
number 


Divorces 


Number 
of di- 
vorces per 
1,000 mar- 
riages 


Num- 
ber of 
annul- 
ments 1 


Total 
number 


Granted to 
husband 


Granted to 
wife 


Number 


Per- 
cent 


Number 


Per- 
cent 


1890... 


542,537 

598, 855 
685,284 
746,733 
786, 132 
781, 145 
804,787 
853,290 
1,040,684 
1, 134, 151 
1, 229, 784 
1, 184, 574 
1, 188, 334 
1, 202, 574 
1, 201, 053 
1, 182, 497 
1, 232, 559 
1, 126, 856 
1,060,914 
981,903 
1,098,000 
1, 302, 000 
1, 327, 000 


33,461 
40,387 
55, 751 
61,480 
64,925 
66,199 
67, 976 
72,062 
114, 000 
2148,815 
165, 096 
170, 952 
175, 449 
180, 853 
' 192, 037 
195, 939 
2201,468 
2 191, 591 
2183,664 
160, 338 
165,000 
204,000 
218,000 


11, 625 
13,456 
18,620 
20,056 
21, 321 
22,189 
22,220 
23,455 
33,809 
47, 359 
52, 999 
52,984 
52,147 
52,834 
54,637 
55,065 
57,148 
52,554 
49, 591 
42,335 


34.7 
33.3 
33.4 
32.6 
32.8 
33.5 
32.7 
32.5 
31. 1 
32.0 
32.2 
31.5 
30.1 
29.5 
29.0 
28.6 
28.7 
27.7 
27.2 
26.5 


21,836 
26,931 
37, 131 
41,424 
43,604 
44,010 
45,756 
48,607 
74,893 
100, 416 
111,480 
115, 328 
121, 333 
126,563 
134,048 
137,277 
142,187 
137, 309 
132, 612 
117,375 


65.3 
66.7 
66.6 
67.4 
67.2 
66.5 
67.3 
67.5 
68.9 
68.0 
67.8 
68.5 
69.9 
70.5 
71.0 
71.4 
71.3 
72.3 
72.8 
73.5 


62 
67 
81 
82 
83 
85 
84 
84 
108 
131 
134 
144 
148 
150 
160 
166 
163 
170 
173 
163 
150 
157 
164 




1895 . 




1900 




1902. _ 




1903 




1904 




1905-. 




1906- . 




1916 




1922. _ . . 




1923 




1924 




1925. 




1926 


3,825 
4,252 
4 237 
4,408 
4,370 
4,339 
3,903 


1927 


1928. . 


1929 


1930 


1931 


1932 . 


19333 


19343... 












19353 

























1 Statistics for annulments were collected for the first time in 1926. 

Includes divorces for which the libellant was not reported. Percentages, however, are based on the 
total number for which libellant was reported. 

3 Estimates by S. A. Stouffer and Lyle M. Spencer, published in the Annals of the American Academy 
of Political and Social Science, November 1936, based on State reports on marriages from 31 States and on 
divorces from 20 States. 

Source of tables 91 and 92: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce, except as noted. 



94 



VITAL STATISTICS 



No. 93. MARRIAGES, DIVORCES, AND ANNULMENTS: BY STATES 

NOTE. The Bureau of the Census has not collected data since 1932. For estimates for the United States' 

1933 to 1935, see table 92. 



Division and State 


Marriages 


Divorces 


Number of 
divorces 
per 1,000 
marriages 


Num- 
ber of 
annul- 
ments, 
1932 


Number 


Per 1,000 of 
the popula- 
tion i 


Number 


Per 1,000 of 
the popula- 
tion i 


1931 


1932 


1931 


1932 


1931 


1933 


1931 


1932 


1931 


193? 


Continental U. S- 
New England 


1, 060, 554 


981, 903 


8.5 


7.9 


183, 664 


160, 338 


1.48 


1.28 


173 


163 


3,903 


55, 282 
6,232 
5,535 
2,554 
26, 296 
4,635 
10, 030 

200, 606 
114,322 
26, 458 
59, 826 

196, 511 
42, 863 
38, 372 
71, 636 
28,856 
14, 784 

107, 337 
19,207 
14,190 
33, 971 
3,633 
6,995 
11, 030 
18, 311 

159, 701 
1,013 
24, 703 
5,316 
25,295 
18, 173 
13, 130 
26,404 
28,331 
17, 336 

101, 362 
34, 132 
19, 696 
25, 945 
21,589 

119, 139 
24,537 
20,167 
33,923 
40, 512 

47,848 
5,064 
2,263 
1,244 
9,952 
8,380 
7,575 
5, 738 
7,630 

72, 770 
17,906 
7,339 
47,525 


49,453 
5,564 
5,437 
2,405 
22, 817 
4,080 
9,150 

183, 590 
104, 665 
22, 840 
56, 085 

173, 443 
29,663 
36, 105 
65, 088 
28, 552 
14, 035 

99, 950 
17, 346 
8,014 
35, 158 
3,600 
7, 185 
11,757 
16,890 

149, 909 
902 
22, 779 
4,947 
24, 626 
18, 480 
11,614 
25, 513 
25,747 
15, 301 

97, 530 
31,689 
18, 051 
25, 102 
22,688 

118,933 
25,802 
19,127 
33,935 
40,069 

43,264 
4,970 
1,526 
777 
6,614 
8,879 
7,642 
5,768 
7,088 

65, 831 
15,999 
6,668 
43,164 


6.7 

7.8 
11.9 
7.1 
6.1 
6.7 
6.2 

7.6 
9.0 
6.4 
6.2 

7.7 
6.4 
11.8 
9.3 
5.9 
5.0 

8.0 
7.5 
5.7 
9.3 
5.3 
10.0 
8.0 
9.7 

10.0 

4.2 
15.0 
10.8 
10.4 
10.4 
4.1 
15.1 
9.7 
11.5 

10.2 
13.0 
7.5 
9.7 
10.7 

9.7 
13.2 
9.5 
14.0 
6.9 

12.8 
9.4 
5.1 
5.5 
9.5 
19.6 
17.1 
11.2 
82.9 

8.7 
11.3 
7.6 
8.1 


6.0 
7.0 
11.6 
1.7 
5.3 
5.9 
5.6 

6.9 

8.1 
5.5 
5.8 

8.7 

4.4 
11.0 

8.4 
5.7 
4.7 

7.5 
6.7 
3.2 
9.6 
5.3 
10.3 
8.5 
8.9 

9.4 
3.8 
13.8 
10.0 
10.1 
10.5 
3.6 
14.6 
8.9 
10.0 

9.8 
12.0 
6.8 
9.4 
11.1 

9.6 
13.8 
9.0 
13.9 
6.7 

11.5 
9.2 
3.4 
3.4 
6.3 
20.6 
17.1 
11.2 
76.2 

7.7 
10.1 
6.9 
7.3 


7,937 
1,342 
660 
325 
3,585 
674 
1,351 

15, 484 
5,091 
3,152 
7,241 

46, 551 
13, 312 
7,278 
13, 893 
9,425 
2,643 

22, 531 
2,807 
4,117 
8,994 
487 
753 
1,531 
3,842 

14, 573 
181 
2,014 
215 
3,130 
1, 599 
1,525 


7,628 
1,219 
629 
365 
3,543 
730 
1,140 

13, 437 
4,886 
2,736 
5,815 

39, 420 
11, 176 
6,322 
11, 745 
7,821 
2.356 

19, 443 
2,473 
3,353 
7,887 
370 
662 
1,454 
3,244 

12, 397 
176 
1,714 
140 
2,613 
1,201 
1,311 


.96 

1.68 
1.41 
.90 
.84 
.97 
.83 

.58 
.40 

.77 
.25 

1.82 

1.98 
2.23 
1.80 
1.91 

.89 

1.69 
1.09 
1.66 
2.47 
.71 
1.08 
1.11 
2.03 

.91 

.75 
1.22 
.44 
1.29 
.91 
.47 


.92 
1.52 
1.34 
1.01 
.82 
1.05 
.70 

.50 
.38 
.66 
.60 

1.53 

1.65 
1.93 
1.51 
1.57 
.79 

1.45 
.96 
1.35 
2.16 
.54 
.95 
1.05 
1.71 

.77 
.73 
1.04 
.28 
1.07 
.68 
.40 


144 
215 
119 
127 
136 
145 
135 

77 
45 
119 
121 

237 
311 
190 
194 
327 
179 

210 

146 
290 
265 
134 
108 
139 
210 

91 
179 
82 
40 
124 
88 
116 


154 
219 
116 
152 
155 
179 
125 

73 

47 
120 
104 

227 
377 
175 
180 
274 
168 

195 
143 
418 
224 
103 
92 
124 
192 

83 
195 
75 
28 
106 
65 
113 


93 
17 
9 
2 
56 


Maine -- 


New Hampshire- 
Vermont 


Massachusetts 
Rhode Island 


C onnect icut 


14 

1 141 

1,025 
75 
41 

377 
58 
76 
131 
64 
48 

162 
11 
21 
52 
8 
4 
46 
20 

228 
6 
13 
48 
19 
35 
16 
29 
38 
24 

31 
13 
9 
3 
6 

297 
14 
19 
127 
137 

212 

25 
15 
9 
71 
15 
33 
17 
27 

1,357 
65 
25 
1,267 


Middle Atlantic 
New York 


New Jersey 


Pennsylvania - __ 


East North Central. .. 
Ohio 


Indiana _ 


Illinois 


Michigan 


Wisconsin 


West North Central.. 
Minnesota 


Iowa 


Missouri 


North Dakota 
South Dakota 
Nebraska 


Kansas _ 


South Atlantic 


Delaware 


Maryland.. .. .-. 


Dist. of Columbia - 
Virginia .. 


West Virginia 


North Carolina ... 
South Carolina ... 
Georgia 


2,346 
3,563 

14, 098 
4,472 
4,669 
2,942 
2,015 

27, 768 
3,476 
1,601 
6,901 

15,788 

13, 223 
1,253 
961 
653 
2,209 
725 
1,125 
1,037 
5, 260 

21, 501 
3,971 
2,417 
15, 113 


2, 153 
3,089 

12, 254 
3,985 
4,191 
2,166 
1,912 

25, 477 
3,910 
1,404 
5,991 
14, 172 

11,050 
1,022 
806 
598 
2, 105 
696 
848 
986 
3,989 

19, 234 
3,434 
1,703 
14,097 


.81 
2.37 

1.41 
1.70 
1.77 
1.10 
.99 

2.25 

1.87 
.75 
2.85 
2.67 

3.55 
2.33 
2.15 
2.86 
2.12 
1.69 
2.54 
2.03 
57.17 

2.58 
2.51 
2.50 
2.58 


.74 
2.02 

1.22 
1.51 
1.58 
.81 
.94 

2.05 
2.09 
.66 
2.46 
2.38 

2.95 
1.90 
1.80 
2.61 
2.01 
1.61 
1.89 
1.91 
42.89 

2.26 
2.16 
1.75 
2.37 


83 
206 

139 
131 

237 
113 
93 

233 

142 
79 
203 
390 

276 

247 
425 
525 
222 
87 
149 
181 
689 

295 
222 
329 
318 


84 
202 

126 
126 
232 

86 
84 

214 

152 
73 
177 
354 

255 
206 
528 
770 
318 
78 
111 
171 
563 

292 
215 
255 
327 


Florida 


East South Central. __ 
Kentucky 


Tennessee 


Alabama 


Mississippi 


West South Central- 
Arkansas 


Louisiana 


Oklahoma 


Texas 


Mountain 


Montana... 


Idaho 


Wyoming 


Colorado . 


New Mexico 


Arizona 


Utah . . 


Nevada 


Pacific 


Washington 


Oregon 


California 




1 Based on estimated population for the given year. 
J No divorces are granted in South Carolina. 



Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 



4. IMMIGRATION, EMIGRATION, AND NATURALIZATION 

[In compiling immigration statistics, Alaska, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico, beginning 1904, 1901, and 1902, 
respectively, are treated as integral parts of the United States. In prior years the transfer of population 
between them and the United States was considered immigration. The movement of population between 
the United States and the Philippine Islands is not included in immigration statistics for 1899 to May 1, 
1934, but is included subsequently and prior to 1899] 

No . 94. IMMIGRATION: 1821 TO 1936 

NOTE. For 1821 to 1867 the figures represent alien passengers arriving; for 1868 to 1903, immigrants arriving; 
for 1904 to 1906, aliens admitted; for 1907 to date, immigrant aliens admitted. Data are for fiscal years 
ended June 30 except as noted; for periods they are totals, not annual averages 



Period or year 


Number 


Year 


Number 


Year 


Number 


Year 


Number 


1891-1830 1 


143 439 


1878 


138,469 


1900 


448,572 


1922 


309,556 


1831 1840 * 


599 125 


1879 


177, 826 


1901 


487, 918 


1923... 


522,919 


1841 1850* 


1 713 251 


1880 


457 257 


1902 


648,743 


1924 


706,896 


1CC1 IfiAQi 


2 598 214 


1881 


669 431 


1903 


857, 046 


1925 


294 314 


1861 1870 * 


2 314 824 


1882 


788 992 


1904^ 


812, 870 


1926. 


304,488 


1871 1880 


CIO 191 


1883 


603 322 


1905 


1,026,499 


1927 


335,175 


1881 1890 


5 246 613 


1884 


518 592 


1906 


1, 100, 735 


1928 . 


307,255 


1891 1900 


3 687 564 


1885 


395 346 


1907 


1, 285, 349 


1929 


279, 678 


1901 1910 


8 795 386 


1886 


334,203 


1908 


782, 870 


1930 


241,700 


1911 1920 


5 735 811 


1887 


490 109 


1909 . 


751, 786 


1931 


97, 139 


1921-1930 


4^107,209 


1888 


546,889 


1910 


1 041 570 


1932 


35, 576 


1900-1904 


3 255 149 


1889 


444 427 


1911 - - 


878,587 


1933 


23,068 


1905- 1909 


4 947 239 


1890 


455 302 


1912 


838 172 


1934 


29,470 


1910-1914 


5 174, 701 


1891 


560* 319 


1913 


1, 197, 892 


1935 


34,956 


19151919 


1* 172, 679 


1892 


579 6g3 


1914 


1, 218, 480 


1936.. 


36,329 


1920-1924 


2, 774 600 


1893 


439,730 


1915 


326,700 


Calendar 




1925-1929 
1930-1934. 


1, 520, 910 
426 953 


1894 


285 631 


1916 


298,826 


years: 
1931 


43, 353 






1895 


258 536 


1917 


295 403 


1932 


28,008 


1874 


313 339 


1896 


343 267 


1918 


110, 618 


1933 


23,899 


1875 


227 498 


1897 


230, 832 


1919 


141, 132 


1934... 


34,371 


1876 


169 986 


1898 


229 299 


1920 


430, 001 


1935. 


34,912 


1877 


141, 857 


1899 


311,715 


1921 


805,228 


1936 


41,596 



i Oct. 1, 1820, to Sept. 30, 1830. 
' Oct. 1, 1830, to Dec. 31, 1840. 



Calendar years. 

< Jan. 1, 1861, to June 30, 1870. 



No. 95. ADMISSIONS AND DEPARTURES OF ALIENS 



Period or year 
ended 


Admitted 


Departed 


Excess of admissions 
over departures * 


Immi- 
grant 


Nonim- 
migrant 


Total 


Emigrant 


Nonemi- 
grant 


Total 


Immigrant 
over emi- 
grant 


Total 


June 30: 
1910-1914,totaL 
1915-1919,totaL 
1920-1924,total. 
1925-1929,total. 
1930-1934,total. 

1917 


5, 174, 701 
1, 172, 679 
2, 774, 600 
1, 520, 910 
426,953 

295, 403 
110,618 
141, 132 
430, 001 
805, 228 

309, 556 
522,919 
706,896 
294,314 
304,488 

335,175 
307, 255 
279,678 
241,700 
97,139 

35, 576 
23,068 
29,470 
34, 956 
36, 329 

34, 912 
41. 596 


901,099 
440,064 
810, 352 
951, 590 
789, 443 

67, 474 
101, 235 
95,889 
191, 575 
172, 935 

122, 949 
150, 487 
172,406 
164, 121 
191, 618 
202, 826 
193, 376 
199,649 
204, 514 
183, 540 

139, 295 
127,660 
134, 434 
144, 765 
154, 570 

149, 980 
170, 529 


6, 075, 800 
1, 612, 743 
3, 584, 952 
2, 472, 500 
1, 216, 396 

362, 877 
211,853 
237, 021 
621, 576 
978, 163 
432, 505 
673, 4C6 
879, 302 
458, 435 
496,106 

538, 001 
500.631 
479, 327 
446, 214 
280, 679 
174, 871 
150,728 
163,904 
179, 721 
190,899 

184,892 
212, 125 


1, 442, 892 
618, 223 
892, 984 
389, 746 
335,690 

66,277 
94,585 
123, 522 
288,315 
247, 718 
198,712 
81, 450 
76, 789 
92,728 
76,992 

73, 366 
77, 457 
69,203 
50,661 
61,882 

103,295 
80,081 
39, 771 
38,834 
35, 817 

36,486 
30,511 


1, 316, 762 
562,636 
723, 824 
843, 861 
936,282 

80, 102 
98,683 
92,709 
139, 747 
178, 313 

146, 672 
119, 136 
139, 956 
132, 762 
150, 763 

180, 142 
196,899 
183,295 
221,764 
229,034 

184, 362 
163, 721 
137, 401 
150, 216 
157, 467 

153,783 
181,911 


2, 759, 654 
1, 180, 859 
1, 616, 808 
1,233,607 
1, 271, 972 

146, 379 
193, 268 
216,231 
428,062 
426, 031 

345,384 
200,586 
216, 745 
225,490 
227,755 

253,508 
274, 356 
252, 498 
272, 425 
290,916 

287, 657 
243,802 
177, 172 
189, 050 
193, 284 

190,269 
212,422 


3, 731, 809 
554,456 
1,881,616 
1, 131, 164 
91,263 

229,126 
16,033 
17, 610 
141, 686 
557, 510 
110,844 
441, 469 
630, 107 
201, 586 
227,496 

261, 809 
229,798 
210, 475 
191, 039 
35, 257 

-67, 719 
-57, 013 
-10,301 
-3, 878 
512 

-1,574 
11,085 


3, 316, 146 
431,884 
1, 968, 144 
1, 238, 893 
-55, 576 

216, 498 
18,585 
20,790 
193, 514 
552, 132 

87, 121 
472, 820 
662, 557 
232,945 
268,351 

284,493 
226,275 
226,829 
173, 789 
-10,237 

-112, 786 
-93, 074 
-13,268 
-9,329 
2,385 

-5,377 
-297 


1918. 


1919 


1920 


1921 . 


1922 


1923 


1924 .. 


1925... 


1926 
1927... 


1928. 


1929 


1930-. 


1931 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1936 


Dec. 31: 
1935 


1936 



1 Excess of departures indicated by a minus sign. 

Source of tables 94 and 95: Immigration and Naturalization Service, Department of Labor. 

150214 38 8 95 



96 



IMMIGRATION 



No. 96. ALIENS DEBARRED AND DEPORTED, DEPORTABIE ALIENS VOL- 
UNTARILY DEPARTED, AND INDIGENT ALIENS RETURNED AT THEIR 
REQUEST: YEARS ENDED JUNE 30 



Period or year 


Debarred 


De- 
ported 


Year 


Debarred 


Deported 


Deport- 
able 
aliens 
volun- 
tarily de- 
parted 


Indigent 
aliens re- 
turned at 
their re- 
quest 


1900-1904 total 


29,499 


2,510 


1926 


20,550 


10, 904 






1905-1909, total 


58,688 


6,709 


1927 


19, 755 


11, 662 


14, 619 




1910-1914 total 


115, 655 


16, 010 


1928 


18, 839 


11, 625 


19, 946 




1915-1919 total 


74 929 


11 835 


1929 


18, 127 


12, 908 


25, 888 




1920-1924, total 


90, 208 


21, 694 


1930 


8,233 


16, 631 


11, 387 




1925-1929 total 


102, 661 


56 594 


1931 


9,744 


18, 142 


11,719 


541 


1930-1934 total 


35, 952 


82, 943 


1932 


7,064 


19, 426 


10, 775 


2,637 


1922 


13 731 


4,345 


1933 


5,527 


19, 865 


10, 347 


1,645 


1923 


20,619 


3,661 


1934 


5,384 


8,879 


8,010 


446 


1924 


30,284 


6,409 


1935 


5,558 


8,319 


7,978 


114 


1925 


25,390 


9,495 


1936 


7,000 


9,195 


8,251 


180 



















i Does not include 157 Filipinos returned at their own request to their native land. 

No. 97. IMMIGRANT ALIENS ADMITTED AND EMIGRANT ALIENS DE- 
PARTED, BY SEX, AGE, AND OCCUPATION; AND ILLITERACY AND 
FINANCIAL CONDITION OF IMMIGRANTS: YEARS ENDED JUNE 30 





1915-1919, 

total 


1920-1934, 

total 


1925-1929, 

total 


1930- 
1934, 

total 


1934 


1935 


1936 


Admissions, total. . . 


1, 172, 679 


2, 774, 600 


1, 520, 910 


426, 953 


29, 470 


34,956 


36, 329 


Males 


688, 881 


1, 577, 496 


836, 091 


192, 884 


12, 101 


14, 010 


14, 776 


Females _ 


483, 798 


1, 197, 104 


684, 819 


234, 069 


17, 369 


20, 946 


21, 553 


Males per 1,000 females 


1,424 


1,318 


1,221 


824 


697 


669 


686 


Under 16 years ! _ 


195, 241 


516, 293 


247, 373 


74, 398 


5,389 


6,893 


6,925 


16 to 44 years J 


853, 348 


2, 003, 466 


1, 135, 903 


301,084 


18, 987 


22, 557 


23, 391 


45 years and over 


124, 090 


254, 841 


137, 634 


51, 471 


5,094 


5,506 


6,013 


Illiterates, number 2 


116, 749 


75,231 


20, 556 


8,180 


957 


1,129 


1,060 


Percent... 


10.0 


2.7 


1.4 


1.9 


3.2 


3.2 


2.9 


Reporting occupations 
Professional ... 


41, 308 


79, 309 


53, 953 


20, 958 


2,128 


2,277 


2,588 


Skilled 


198, 985 


510, 236 


280, 107 


67, 507 


3,180 


3, 786 


3,936 


Unskilled 


417, 805 


954, 418 


505, 119 


97, 980 


2,664 


3,787 


4,013 


Farmers 


27,638 


74, 973 


51,001 


12,238 


425 


593 


535 


Farm laborers 


82, 251 


111, 583 


101, 120 


17, 779 


233 


408 


324 


Common laborers 


188, 192 


466, 575 


194, 587 


24, 025 


1,113 


1,297 


1,096 


Servants 


115, 010 


288, 109 


149, 447 


41, 400 


805 


1,418 


1,944 


Other unskilled 


4, 714 


13, 178 


8,964 


2,538 


88 


71 


114 


Commercial 3 


35, 926 


59, 924 


27, 535 


10, 723 


1,275 


1,387 


1,904 


Miscellaneous 


49, 254 


95, 895 


50, 198 


11, 440 


1,094 


1,231 


898 


Bringing 
Less than $50 


480,506 


954, 147 


549, 474 


112,955 


6,678 


9,640 


10, CA7 


$50 or more.. . 


378, 449 


822, 386 


598, 087 


218, 644 


16, 184 


16,110 


15, 352 


Amount brought ($1,000) 
Departures, total . 


84, 870 
618, 223 


171, 467 
892, 984 


111, 743 
389, 746 


46, 016 
335, 690 


5,531 
39, 771 


4, 91-1 
33, 834 


5, 893 
35,817 


Males 


495, 643 


682, 170 


278, 709 


216, 614 


24,481 


24. 383 


21, 778 


Females 


122, 580 


210, 814 


111,037 


119,076 


15,290 


14, 451 


14, 039 


Males per 1,000 females 


4,043 


3,236 


2,510 


1,819 


1,601 


1,687 


1,551 


Under 16 years 1 


38, 883 


39, 280 


18, 493 


26, 118 


2,554 


2,520 


2,650 


16 to 44 years L_. 


488, 282 


635, 980 


285, 680 


226, 108 


25,546 


25, 244 


22, 482 


45 years and over 


91,058 


217, 724 


85, 573 


83, 464 


11,671 


11,070 


10,685 


Reporting occupations 
Professional 


11, 557 


14, 657 


13, 991 


12, 426 


2,085 


2,040 


1, 825 


Skilled 


70, 655 


75, 550 


47, 652 


47, 073 


5,457 


4,639 


4, 195 


Unskilled 


394,004 


551, 908 


194, 158 


131,976 


14,017 


14,891 


12,950 


Farmers 


14, 862 


30, 083 


7,110 


7,463 


1,035 


901 


784 


Farm laborers 


7 688 


8,719 


975 


3,840 


397 


522 


1,347 


Common laborers 


339, 972 


489, 256 


164, 649 


98, 857 


9,587 


10, 510 


7,938 


Servants 


29, 974 


22, 692 


20,569 


21, 114 


2,870 


2,837 


2,770 


Other unskilled 


1,508 


1,158 


855 


702 


128 


121 


111 


Commercial 3 


16, 861 


21, 799 


13, 453 


11,687 


1,798 


1,802 


1,819 


Miscellaneous .1 


16, 037 


23,486 


14, 021 


12, 297 


1,619 


1,195 


965 



















1 Prior to 1918 the division point is 14 years. 2 Unable to read or write in any language. 

3 Agents, bankers, hotel keepers, manufacturers, and merchants and dealers. 

Source of tables 96 and 97: Immigration and Naturalization Service, Department of Labor. 



IMMIGKATION 



97 



No. 98. IMMIGRATION, BY COUNTRIES AND BY DECADES, 1841 TO 1930 

NOTE. For 1841 to 1867 figures represent alien passengers arriving; for 1868 to 1903, immigrants arriving > 
for 1904 to 1906, aliens admitted; thereafter, immigrant aliens admitted. Data prior to 1906 cover coun- 
tries whence aliens came; thereafter, countries of last permanent residence. Owing to changes in the 
lists of countries separately reported and to changes in boundaries, data for certain countries are not 
comparable throughout. Countries added to the list since the beginning of the World War were there- 
tofore included with the countries to which they belonged. Data are totals (not annual averages) for 
periods ended June 30 since 1870, Dec. 31 theretofore, except as noted 



Country 


1841- 
18M 


1851- 
1860 


18W- 
18701 


1871- 
1880 


1881- 

1890 


18M- 
1900 


1901- 
1910 


1911- 
1920 


mi- 

1930 


Grand total 
Total Europe 


1,713,251 


2, 598, 214 


2, 314, 824 


2,812,191 


5, 246, 613 


3, 687, 564 


8, 795, 386 


5,735,811 


4,107,209 


1, 597, 501 


2,452,660 


2,065,270 


2, 272, 262 


4, 737, 046 


3, 558, 978 


8, 136, 016 


4, 376, 564 


2, 477, 853 


Austria 


I 




7,800 
, 6,734 


72,969 
7,221 


353,719 
20,177 


592,707 

18, 167 
160 


2,145,266 

41,635 
39,280 


f 453,649 
\ 442, 693 
33,746 
22,533 
3,426 

41,983 
756 
61, 897 
143, 945 
184,201 

1, 109, 524 
43,718 
66,395 
95,074 
4,813 

89,732 
13,311 

921,201 
68,611 
23,091 
54,677 

487, 589 
249,944 
146,181 
78, 357 
13,107 


32,868 
30,680 
15,846 
2,945 
102, 194 

32,430 
16,691 
49, 610 
412,202 
51,084 

455,315 
26,948 
68,531 
97, 249 
227,734 

29.994 
67,646 

61,742 
28,958 
29,676 
14,659 

550, 804 
157,420 
220,591 
159, 781 
13,012 


Hungary 
Belgium 


/ 

5,074 


4,738 


Bulgaria J 


Czechoslovakia - 












Denmark 


539 


3,749 


17,094 


81,771 


88,132 


50,231 


65,285 


Finland . - 


France 


77,262 
434,626 
16 

1,870 
8,251 

} 13,903 
105 

550 


76,358 
951, 667 
31 

9,231 
10,789 

20,931 
1,164 

1,055 


35,986 
787,468 
72 

11,725 
9,102 

109,298 
2,027 

2,658 


72,206 
718, 182 
210 

55,759 
16,541 
/ 95,323 
\ 115, 922 
12,970 

14,082 
11 

39,284 
5,266 
28,293 
337 

984, 914 
437, 706 
436,871 
87,564 
6,631 
16, 142 


60,464 
1, 452, 970 
2,308 

307,309 
53,701 
176, 586 
391, 776 
51,806 

16,978 
6,348 

213,282 
4.419 
81,988 
1,562 

1, 462, 839 
644,680 
655,482 
149, 869 
12,640 
168 


30, 770 
505,152 
15,979 

651,893 
26,758 
95, 016 
226,266 
96,720 

27,508 
12,750 

505,290 
8,731 
31, 179 
3,626 

659,954 
216, 726 
388,416 
44,188 
10,557 
67 


73, 379 
341, 498 
167, 519 

2, 045, 877 
48,262 
190,505 
249, 534 


Germany 


Greece 


Italy 


Netherlands 


Norway 


Sweden .. 


Poland ' 


Portugal 


69, 149 
53,008 

1, 597, 306 
27,935 
34,922 
79,976 

865,015 
388,017 
339, 065 
120,469 
17,464 


Rumania 


Soviet Union 
( Russia) 


551 
2,209 
4,644 
59 

1, 047, 763 
32,092 
780, 719 
3,712 
1,261 
229,979 


457 
9,298 
25, Oil 
83 

1, 338, 093 
247,125 
914, 119 
38,331 
6,319 
132, 199 


2,512 

6,697 
23,286 
129 

1, 042, 674 
222,277 
435, 778 
38,769 
4,313 
341, 537 


Spain 


Switzerland- 


Turkey in Europe- 
United Kingdom. 
England 


Ireland 


Scotland .. 


Wales 


Not specified. _ 


Yugoslavia - 




1,888 
8,111 

192, 559 


49,064 
22,983 

97,400 


Other Europe 
Total Asia 


79 
82 


5 

41, 455 


8 
64,630 


1,001 
123, 823 


682 
68,380 


122 
71, 286 


665 
243, 567 


China* 


35 


41, 397 


64,301 
186 
2 
141 

166,607 


123,201 
149 
67 
406 

404,044 


61,711 
2,270 
2,220 
2,179 

426, 967 


14,799 
25,942 
26,799 
3,696 

38, 972 


20,605 
129, 797 
77, 393 
15,772 

361, 888 


21,278 
83,837 
79,389 
8,055 

1, 143, 871 


29,907 
33,462 
19,165 
14,866 

1, 516, 716 


Japan* 


Turkey in Asia 8 _. 






Other Asia * . _ 


47 
62,469 


58 
74, 720 


Total America ? 


Canada and New- 
foundland 7 
Mexico T 


41,723 
3,271 
368 
3,579 
13,528 


59,309 
3,078 
449 
1,224 
10,660 


153,878 
2,191 
95 
1,397 
9,046 


383,640 
5,162 
157 
1,128 
13,957 


393,304 
1,913 
404 
2,304 
29,042 


3,311 
971 
549 
1,075 
33,066 


179,226 
49,642 
8,192 
17,280 
107,548 


742,185 
219,004 
17, 159 
41,899 
123,424 


924, 515 
459, 287 
15, 769 
42, 215 
74,899 
31 

6,286 

8,299 

427 
228 


Central America '. 
South America 8 ._ 
West Indies 
Other America 


Africa* 


55 


210 


312 
36 


358 

9,886 

1,028 

790 


857 

7,017 

5,557 
789 


350 

2,740 

1,225 
14,063 


7,368 

11,975 

1,049 
33,523 


8,443 

12,348 

1,079 

1,147 


Australia, Tas- 
mania, and New 
Zealand 


Pacific Islands (not 
specified) 






All other countries- 


53,144 


29,169 


17,969 



1 Jan. 1, 1861, to June 30, 1870. Includes Serbia and Montenegro prior to 1920. 

From 1899 to 1919 Poland is included with Austria-Hungary, Germany, and Russia. 

Includes Irish Free State. Included in "All other countries" in 1892. 

Included in "All other countries" in 1892; in "Other Asia" in 1893 and 1894. 

Immigrants from Canada, Newfoundland, and Mexico not reported from 1886 to 1893, inclusive. 

Included in "All other countries" in 1892 and 1893. 

Includes 32,897 persons returning to their homes in the United States. After 1906 such aliens have 
been included in immigration statistics as nonimmigrants; prior to that year, aliens were recorded by 
countries whence they came (see headnote). 

Source: Immigration and Naturalization Service, Department of Labor. 



98 



IMMIGRATION AND EMIGRATION 



No. 99. IMMIGRANT ALIENS ADMITTED AND EMIGRANT ALIENS DE- 
PARTED: BY COUNTRY OF LAST OB FUTURE PERMANENT RESIDENCE 

NOTE. Residence of a year or more is regarded as permanent residence 



Country 


Fiscal year ended June 30 


Calendar 
year, 1936 


1925-1929, total 


1930-1934, total 


1935 


1936 


Ad- 
mitted 


De- 
parted 


Ad- 
mitted 


De- 
parted 


Ad- 
mitted 


De- 
parted 


Ad- 
mitted 


De- 
parted 


Ad- 
mitted 


De- 
parted 


All countries, total 
Europe, total 


, 520, 910 


389, 746 


426, 953 


335, 690 


34, 956 


38, 834 


36, 329 


35, 817 


41, 596 


30, 511 


789, 407 


294, 972 


259, 519 


186, 091 


22, 778 


20, 414 


23, 480 


19, 667 


26, 336 


16, 165 


Albania 


1,072 
5,550 
4,237 
3,575 
910 

16, 937 
12, 496 
679 
2,298 
21, 358 

237, 531 
8,630 
120,188 
67, 489 
1,556 

3,034 
8,794 
29,436 
39, 435 
3,059 

6,727 
6,912 
2,032 
42, 119 
10,292 
1,162 

122, 747 
49, 832 
5,093 
61, 627 
6,195 

5,728 
3,424 

17, 798 


1,062 
2,447 
4,268 
2,455 
614 

11,059 
2,815 
81 
2,570 
7,677 

25, 277 
19, 065 
5,388 
94, 525 
202 

1,809 
2,558 
8,287 
14, 596 
12, 150 

5,805 
1,699 
11, 767 
5,689 
2,809 
203 

37, 613 

28, 693 
811 
7,880 
229 

10, 182 
300 

27, 478 


1,097 
3,321 
3,167 
1,998 
539 

7,886 
2,271 
335 
1,210 
7,675 

45, 951 
6,068 
25, 126 
50, 239 
770 

1,473 
4,472 
4,714 
16, 495 
1,742 

3,618 
2,081 
2,086 
5,072 
3,144 
485 

51,410 
20,68^6 
6,944 
21,823 
1,957 

3,462 
1,612 

10, 960 


319 
1,529 
2, 559 
2,621 

585 

5,962 
1,933 
244 
2,437 
9,326 

22, 174 
4,813 
9,287 
19, 247 
271 

1,373 
2,782 
6,676 
8,966 
4,130 

2,628 
2,946 
9,879 
8,073 
2,519 
19 

45, 812 
26, 607 
2,554 
15,528 
1,123 

6,004 

977 

23, 437 


203 

829 
438 
271 

87 

808 
162 
27 
102 

874 

5,201 

877 
314 
6,566 
61 

161 
374 
311 
1,504 
366 

286 
67 
333 
215 
264 
80 

1,553 
1,070 
140 
315 

28 

282 
162 

682 


21 
154 
271 
165 
122 

529 
192 
24 
220 
1,065 

3,530 
402 
1,203 
2,340 

27 

97 
282 
596 
458 
350 

356 
162 
790 
1,039 

286 
8 

5,208 
3,435 
133 
1,535 
105 

443 

74 

8,256 


' 224 
677 
559 
276 
91 

1,052 
162 
33 
76 
812 

6,346 
863 
328 

6,774 
58 

129 
342 
287 
869 
313 

244 
82 
299 
196 
266 
89 

1,426 
1,028 
116 
254 

28 

435 
172 

721 


65 
147 
216 
193 
70 

459 
232 
36 
297 
782 

3,672 
807 
1,107 
2,064 
33 

95 
216 
617 
442 
599 

277 
172 
665 
1,085 
235 
10 

4,586 
2,862 
245 
1,389 
90 

425 
63 

2,979 


197 
532 
563 
236 
98 

1,390 
187 
33 
123 

862 

8,903 
814 
350 
6,220 
62 

124 
444 
348 
1,076 

284 

274 
93 
270 
255 
312 
103 

1,523 
1,164 
99 
230 
30 

466 
194 

858 


44 
118 
160 
145 

44 

330 
245 
33 
305 
580 

2,716 
551 
873 
1,890 
20 

107 
222 
573 
440 
222 

209 
216 
382 
939 
165 
16 

4,159 
2,590 
254 
1,211 
104 

400 

61 

2,729 


Austria 


Hungary 


Belgium 


Bulgaria 


Czechoslovakia 


Denmark 


Estonia - , 


Finland 


France 


Germany 


Greece.. 


Irish Free State 


Italy 


Latvia 


Lithuania 


Netherlands 


Norway... 


Poland 


Portugal 


Rumania 


Soviet Union (Russia) . 
Spain . 


Sweden 


Switzerland . 


Turkey in Europe 


United Kingdom ._ 


England 


Northern Ireland 
Scotland 


Wales 


Yugoslavia 


Other Europe 


Asia, total.. 


China 


7,925 
3,421 
465 

4,530 
235 
1,222 

708, 219 


18, 570 
5,655 
674 

1,725 
348 
506 

64, 293 


3,824 
2,177 
392 

2,734 
336 
1,497 

152, 831 


16, 153 
4, 463 
741 

1,034 
238 
808 

123, 847 


229 
88 
32 

272 
31 
30 

11, 174 


2,031 

781 
108 

212 
51 
73 

11, 521 


273 
91 
13 

283 
20 
41 

11,786 


1,648 
851 
143 

208 
50 
79 

10, 409 


297 
108 
35 

357 
11 
50 

14, 028 


1,663 
763 
121 

111 
9 
62 

8,986 


Japan... 


India 


Syria, Palestine, and 
Iraq 


Turkey in Asia 


Other Asia 


America, total 


Canada and New- 
foundland . . 


422, 433 
7, 652 
243, 171 
17, 223 
17,711 
29 

2,445 
2,881 


13, 655 
3,442 
20, 261 
7,419 
19, 515 

701 
2,188 


109, 572 
4,347 
21, 944 
0, 487 
10, 473 
8 

1,350 
2, 185 


11,745 
3,876 
83, 482 
8,711 
16, 024 
9 

938 
1,181 


7,782 
427 
1,560 
473 
931 
1 

118 

132 
63 

9 


1,405 
497 
6,720 
951 
1,947 
1 

151 

195 
3,275 

22 


8,121 
470 
1,716 
492 
985 

105 

147 

72 

18 


1,360 

465 
5,218 
1,576 
1,78 

109 

154 
2,472 

27 


9,833 
422 
2,034 
580 
1,158 
1 

133 

126 
90 

25 


1,219 
432 
4,493 
1,439 
1,403 


Central America 


Mexico . 


South America 


West Indies... 


Other America _ _ . 


Africa.-. 


145 

163 
2,303 

20 


Australia, Tasmania, and 
New Zealand 


Philippine Islands > 


Pacific Islands, not speci- 
fied 


160 


114 


108 


196 





i The transfer of population between the United States and the Philippine Islands was not considered 
as immigration prior to May 1, 1934. 

Source: Immigration and Naturalization Service, Department of Labor. 



IMMIGRATION AND EMIGRATION 



99 



No. 100. IMMIGRANT ALIENS ADMITTED AND EMIGRANT ALIENS DE- 
PARTED: BY RACE 



Race or people 


Fiscal years ended June 30 


Calendar year, 
1936 


1925-1929, total 


1930-1934, total 


1935 


1936 


Ad- 
mitted 


De- 
parted 


Ad- 
mitted 


De- 
parted 


Ad- 
mitted 


De- 
parted 


Ad- 
mitted 


De- 
parted 


Ad- 
mitted 


De- 
parted 


Total 


1, 520, 910 


389, 748 


426, 953 


835, 690 


34, 956 


38, 834 


38, 329 


35, 817 


41,596 


30,511 




\frican (black) - - 


4,850 
4,291 

9,408 

2,766 
6,149 

4,046 
8,506 

409 
15,299 
240 
198,394 


4,043 
314 

7,955 

7,751 
18,049 

2,320 
6,002 

2,100 
5,421 
416 
42,232 


3,135 
2,087 

1,207 

1,547 
2,331 

2,507 
3,831 

277 
7,936 
167 
58,591 


3,986 
212 

2,468 

3,611 
15, 841 

2,026 
5,804 

700 
5,406 
644 


246 

187 

137 

173 

41 

193 
270 

35 
557 


597 
27 

166 

289 
1,956 

197 
893 

65 
459 

112 


272 
163 

105 

172 
42 

351 
224 

54 
581 


502 
27 

133 

201 
1,605 

148 

761 

54 
386 
143 
3,768 

2,414 
319 
900 
4,311 
842 
308 

1,613 
2,198 
824 
27 
103 
259 

5,097 
25 
443 
651 
237 
231 

2,024 
1,614 
429 
855 
1,668 

86 
69 
123 

214 

200 


243 
170 

101 

216 
45 

309 
314 

65 
631 

4,201 

53 
164 
1,878 
5,194 
968 
9,024 

1,852 
6,640 
83 
1 
96 
510 

1,560 


357 
11 

83 

193 
1,635 

131 
615 

37 
339 
134 
3,443 

2,261 
321 
704 
3,203 
588 
237 

1,339 
2,048 
726 
30 
101 
191 

4,391 
23 

439 
248 
182 
259 

6 

1,823 
1,444 
337 
532 
1,535 

57 
29 
137 

174 
168 


Armenian 


Bohemian and Moravian 
(Czech) 


Bulgarian, Serbian, 
Montenegrin- 


Chinese 


Croatian and Slovenian. - 
Cuban 


Dalmatian, Bosnian, 
Herzegovinian - 


Dutch and Flemish 
East Indian 


English 


34,631 


3,432 

34 
166 
1,677 
5,272 
1,029 
4,837 

1,449 
6,837 
61 


4,297 

3 '^ 
1,172 
4,195 
450 
330 

1,643 
2,463 
759 
32 
97 
292 

6,629 


3,610 

48 
131 
1,635 
4,689 
1,002 
6,252 

1,556 
7,116 
62 


1 

96 
500 

1,308 


Filipino l 


Finnish 


3,045 
99,710 
279,265 
10,883 
56,160 

198, 977 
73,022 
3,178 
196 
2,006 
5,464 

238,527 
19 
18,347 
4,053 
2,160 
6,013 

2,560 

96,891 
125,448 
6,811 
4,269 
14,802 

2,867 
666 
7,163 

1,853 
2,197 


2,747 
7,835 
29,845 
19, 305 
1,298 

7,397 
94,988 
5,505 
181 
1,918 
4,883 

19,852 
21 
14,603 
12,396 
5,443 
3,168 

245 

18,190 
10,342 
3,361 
14, 557 
7,993 

1,250 
697 
422 

3,406 
1,295 


1,348 
23,736 
58,616 
8,944 
26,479 

50,138 
52,442 
2,051 
73 
1,162 
3,649 

19,184 
6 
8,581 
1,987 
986 
3,689 

-889 

15,070 
40,238 
5,723 
3,280 
7,376 

1,685 
405 
2,858 

1,346 
1,396 


3,344 
9,516 
27,443 
5,331 
1,773 

13,603 
21,108 
4,338 
162 
1,421 
2,851 

83,055 
28 
8,760 
4,459 
2,322 
2,679 

184 

17,735 
17,805 
4,244 
12,090 
8,776 

617 
302 
1,409 

3,535 
1,471 


French 


German 


Greek 


Hebrew 


Irish 


Italian 


Japanese - - - 


Korean 


Lithuanian 


118 
475 

1,232 


Magyar 


Mexican 


Pacific Islander 


Polish 


728 
365 
118 
343 

99 

938 
1,464 
604 
459 
611 

197 
68 

85 

139 
280 


457 
401 
334 
234 

12 

1,917 
1,757 
411 
917 
1,070 

76 
68 
163 

218 
201 


489 
336 
97 
367 
72 

914 
1,473 
762 
451 
663 

171 
43 
120 

153 
247 


589 
306 
104 
448 

113 

1,113 
1,722 
1,004 
418 
693 

188 
44 
144 

174 
213 


Portujruese - 


Rumanian 


Russian 


Ruthenian 


Scandinavian (Norweg- 
ians, Danes, and 
Swedes) 


Scotch _. - - 


Slovak 


Spanish 


S panish- American 


Svrian 


Turkish 


Welsh 


West Indian (other than 
Cuban) 


Other peoples 





i The transfer of population between the United States and the Philippine Islands was not considered 
immigration prior to May 1, 1934. 

No. 101. IMMIGRANT ALIENS ADMITTED: PERCENTAGES, BY RACE OR 
PEOPLE, YEARS ENDED JUNE 30 



Race or people 


1925- 
1929 


1930- 
1934 


1934 


1935 


1936 


Race or people 


1925- 
1929 


1930- 
1934 


1934 


1935 


1936 


Total 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


Italian 


4.8 


12.3 


16.0 


19.6 


19 6 
















4 


g 


L 2 


1. 4 


1 4 


Croatian and Slo- 












Mexican.-. 


15.7 


4.5 


4.9 


3.5 


3.6 


venian 


3 


6 


4 


6 


1 


Polih 


1 2 


2.0 


L7 


2. 1 


1 3 


English.. 


13.0 


13.7 


11.9 


9.8 


9.9 


Russian 


.4 


.9 


1 2 


1 


1 


French 


6 8 


5 6 


6 1 


4 8 


4 5 


Ruthenian 


2 


2 


3 


3 


2 


German... 


18.4 


13.7 


12.8 


15. 1 


12.9 


Scandinavian 1 


6.4 


3.5 


2.6 


2.7 


2.5 


Greek 


.7 


2.1 


2.4 


2.9 


2.8 


Scotch 


8 2 


9 4 


5 1 


4.2 


4 1 


Hebrew 


3.7 


6 2 


14 


13 8 


17 2 


Slovak 


4 


1 3 


1 7 


1 7 


2. 1 


Irish 


13.1 


11.7 


5.3 


4. 1 


4.3 


Other people 


6.5 


11.4 


12.4 


12.4 


11.6 



























1 Norwegians, Danes, and Swedes. 

Source of tables 100 and 101 : Immigration and Naturalization Service, Department of Labor. 



100 



IMMIGRATION 



No. 102. IMMIGRATION QUOTAS ALLOTTED AND QUOTA ALIENS ADMIT- 
TED : BY COUNTRY OR REGION OF BIRTH, YEARS ENDED JUNE 30 

NOTE. The Immigration Act of 1921 limited the number of aliens admitted annually of any nationality 
subject to the quota law, to 3 per cent of the number of foreign-born persons of such nationality resident 
in continental United States as determined by the census of 1910; the population plan of the act of 1924, 
to 2 per cent according to the census of 1890. The national origins clause of the latter act, which became 
effective July 1, 1929, provided that the quota of any natonality should be computed by applying to 
150,000 the ratio between the calculated number of inhabitants in continental United States in 1920 
owing their origin to the nationality concerned and the total inhabitants in the United States of all 
nationalities subject to the quota law. (For estimates of white population by countries of origin, calcu- 
lated as a basis for immigration quotas, see table 97, Statistical Abstract, 1932.) Under the act of 1924 
the minimum quota is 100. Both immigrant and nonimmigrant aliens may appear in quota law sta- 
tistics, or aliens of both classes may not be counted against quotas at all 



Country or region 


Under 
Immi- 
gration 
Act of 
1921, 
annual 
quota l 


Under Immigration Act of 1924 


Annual 
quota, 
1925- 
1929 


Admit- 
ted, 
1925- 
1929, 

total 


Annual 
quota, 
1930 
to 
1926 


Admitted 


1930- 
1934, 

total 


19U 


1934 


1935 


1936 


All countries 
Europe -. 


357, 803 


164, 667 


761, 622 


H53,774 


229, 301 


8,220 


12,483 


17, 207 


18,675 


356, 061 


161,422 


749,911 


3150,501 


219, 544 


7,634 


11,719 


16, 325 


17, 732 


Albania ._ -- 


288 
7,342 
1,563 
302 
14, 357 

301 
5,619 
1,348 
3,921 
5,729 

67,607 
3,063 
5,747 


100 
785 
512 
100 
3,073 

228 
2,789 
124 
471 
3,954 

51, 227 
100 
473 
28,567 
3,845 

142 
344 
100 
1,648 
6,453 

6,982 
503 
603 

2,248 
131 

9,561 
2,081 
100 
34,007 
671 
500 

< 1, 424 
< 1,200 

<621 
(<) 


472 
4,213 
2,652 
509 
14, 668 

1,065 
13, 114 
612 
2,363 
17, 730 

242, 363 
737 
2,445 
132, 715 
18,383 

754 
1,828 
495 
7,708 
30,335 

29,000 
2,449 
3,783 

10, 018 
805 

44,849 
9,683 
431 
148, 660 
3,081 
8 1, 991 

84,927 
1,667 

8 1, 470 
83,647 


100 
1,413 
1,304 
100 
2,874 

100 
1,181 
116 
569 
3,086 

25, 957 
307 
869 
17, 853 
5,802 

236 
386 
100 
3,153 
2,377 

6,524 
440 
*377 

2 2, 712 
252 

3,314 
1,707 
226 
65, 721 
845 
*500 

< 1,423 
* 1,200 

<650 
( 4 ) 


425 
2,478 
1,922 
186 
5,210 

188 
2,093 
251 
1,114 
4,891 

44, 144 
1,119 
2,213 
27,628 
14, 338 

460 
1,104 
150 
4,379 
4,258 

12, 313 
1,302 
1,920 

5,012 
1,178 

4,999 
2,789 
191 
68,045 
1,772 
81,572 

84,849 
"764 

917 

83,237 


75 
121 
59 
11 
171 

10 
123 

17 
72 
257 

1,324 
108 
187 
282 
1,109 

29 
96 
4 
128 
141 

961 
69 
236 

309 

164 

105 
122 
34 
1,171 
105 
34 

8392 
835 

892 

867 


57 
229 
104 
17 
389 

8 
101 
36 
114 
308 

3,515 
200 
209 
322 
1,362 

48 
124 
2 
136 
155 

1,138 
166 
199 

407 
228 

153 
133 
39 
1,566 
110 
5144 

8433 
59 

113 
159 


74 
641 
173 
52 
610 

13 
146 
28 
105 
413 

4,891 
324 
399 
301 
2,127 

49 
190 
12 
244 
208 

1,682 
303 
295 

357 
252 

160 
192 
55 
1, 679 
215 
8135 

8393 

81 

8157 
8251 


107 
569 
185 
63 
766 

16 
135 
34 

72 
464 

6,073 
347 
515 
367 
2,467 

60 
151 
5 
245 
197 

1,250 
275 
282 

391 
250 

154 
189 
72 
1,638 
291 
*102 

8 399 

5 77 

8173 
8294 


Austria 


Belgium 


Bulgaria 


Czechoslovakia 

Danzig, Free City of. 
Denmark 


Estonia 


Finland 


France 


Germany 


Greece. - . ._ 


Hungary 


Irish Free State 8 


Italy 


42, 057 

1,540 
2,629 
92 
3.607 
12,202 

30,977 
2,465 
7,419 

24,405 
912 

20,042 
3,752 
2,654 
77, 342 
6,426 
353 

1,261 
122 

359 


Latvia 


Lithuania 


Luxemburg 
Netherlands 


Norway 


Poland 


Portugal 


Rumania 


Soviet Union (Rus- 
sia) 


Spain 


Sweden 


Switzerland- . 


Turkey 


United Kingdoms.. 
Yugoslavia 


Other Europe 
Asia... 


Africa 


Australia, New Zea- 
land, and Pacific 
islands 


American colonies of 
European coun- 
tries 







1 Quota for 1924; revisions from 1922 or 1923 allotments for certain countries were made due to changes in 
boundaries or other adjustments. Quota immigrants admitted. 1922 to 1924, are as follows: 1922, 243,953; 
1923, 335,480; 1924, 357,643. For admissions by countries see the 1934 and previous issues of the Statistical 
Abstract. 

Quota for 1934 to 1936. The total quota for 1930 and 1931 was 153,714; for 1932 and 1933, 153,831; 
the Soviet Union's quota was 2, 784 for 1930 and 1931, and 2, 701 for 1932 and 1933; Rumania's, 295 fprior to 
1934. There were also changes in 1932 and 1933 for certain countries included in "Other Europe", Asia, 
and Pacific Islands. 

3 All Ireland included with United Kingdom prior to 1925; thereafter. Northern Ireland only. 

* Annual quotas for colonies, dependencies, or protectorates in "Other Europe", Asia, Africa, Pacific 
islands, and America are included in the annual quotas of the European countries to which they belong. 

* Includes quota immigrants born in colonies, dependencies, or protectorates of European countries. 
Source: Immigration and Naturalization Service, Department of Labor. 



IMMIGRATION AND EMIGRATION 



101 



No. 103. ALIENS ADMITTED: BY CLASSES, UNDER THE IMMIGRATION ACT OF 

1924, AS AMENDED, YEARS ENDED JUNE 30 



Classes 


1931 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1936 


All classes 


280, 679 


174, 871 


150, 728 


163,904 


179, 721 


190,899 




93, 873 


73 824 


64 298 


78, 435 


92, 484 


105, 872 
















Government officials, their families, attendants, 
servants and employees 


4,973 


3,844 


4,053 


4,363 


5,194 


5,312 


Temporary visitors for business 


17 150 


13 741 


11 360 


13 068 


13, 166 


14 399 


Temporary visitors for pleasure _ - 


38,486 


26,724 


25, 539 


36,765 


48,467 


58,914 


In continuous transit through the United States. . 
To carry on trade under treaty . 


32, 169 
1,095 


28,678 
837 


22,693 
653 


23,687 
552 


24,931 
726 


26,571 
676 


Nonquota imnugrants 


132 688 


88 064 


78, 210 


72, 986 


70, 030 


66,352 
















Husbands of United States citizens 


527 


296 


1,232 


1,021 


705 


657 


Wives of United States citizens 


9,684 


5,779 


3,643 


4,348 


4,925 


4,712 


Unmarried children of United States citizens 


7 053 


3 415 


1 783 


2 522 


3,598 


3,455 


Returning residents - -_ _ 


91,442 


67, 057 


62, 610 


55, 169 


51,081 


47,276 


Natives of nonquota countries 


21, 139 


9,328 


7,475 


8,183 


7,661 


7,997 


Their wives and children - 


236 


133 


74 


54 


86 


69 


Ministers and their wives and children 


753 


504 


302 


362 


361 


455 


Professors and their wives and children .. 


190 


156 


78 


113 


97 


82 


Students - - 


1,538 


1,266 


877 


1,048 


1,377 


1,515 


Women who had been United States citizens 
Miscellaneous classes 


97 
29 


105 
25 


101 
35 


134 
32 


116 
23 


110 
24 


Quota immigrants 


54, 118 


12, 983 


8,220 


12, 483 


17, 207 


18, 675 

















Source: Immigration and Naturalization Service, Department of Labor. 

No. 104. ALIENS DEPORTED: BY PRINCIPAL CAUSES, COUNTRY, RACE, AND 
SEX, YEARS ENDED JUNE 30 





1934 


1935 


1936 




1934 


1935 


1936 


Total deported... _. 


8,879 


8,319 


9,195 


Countries to which deported: 
Europe 


2,418 


2,007 


2,012 


Causes for deportation: 

Criminals 


1, 569 


1,632 


1,727 


Germany . .. .- 
Great Britain 


200 
376 


191 
281 


176 
299 


Violation of narcotic laws 


122 


111 


154 


Italy 

Other Europe.. - - 


529 
1,313 


513 
1,022 


495 
1,042 


Anarchists and kindred 


20 


17 


47 


Asia 


630 


304 


314 


Immoral classes 


383 


413 


407 


Canada ._ . . - . 


1,577 
3 883 


1,55-1 
4 078 


1,784 
4,660 


Mental or physical defects 


662 


510 


533 


West Indies 


169 


160 


208 


Had been debarred or de- 
ported - .. 


359 


933 


1,048 


Central and South America. . 


150 


136 


118 


Remained longer than per- 
mitted . ------- 


986 


786 


850 


Race or people: 








Entered without proper visa 


3,611 


2,824 


3, 181 


Chinese - - _. ... 


405 


167 


151 


Unable to read (over 16 years 








English 


602 


575 


652 


of age) - - 


539 


416 


502 


French . 


481 


502 


539 


Under Chinese exclusion act 


101 


77 


53 


German 


354 


305 


298 


Likely to become public 








Greek..- 


175 


117 


169 


charges ---.-_. 


98 


33 


50 


Irish .-- 


391 


337 


365 


Miscellaneous cause-s 


429 


567 


643 


Italian 


583 


554 


535 










Mexican . - 


3,860 


4,052 


4,646 


Sex: 








Scandinavian 


186 


167 


152 


Male 


7 921 


7 501 


8 155 


Scotch 


272 


220 


291 


Female 


958 


818 


1,040 


All other 


1,570 


1,323 


1,397 



















Source: Immigration and Naturalization Service, Department of Labor. 



No. 



105. TOTAL ARRIVALS AND DEPARTURES OF ALIENS AND CITIZENS 
AND ARRIVALS AT PRINCIPAL PORTS: YEARS ENDED JUNE 30 



NOTE. Figures for alien arrivals cover admissions only. In addition, there are aliens among the arrivals 
who are found inadmissible and debarred from entering. 



Port and class 


1915-1919, 

average 


1920- 
1934, 

average 


1925- 
1929, 

average 


1930- 
1934, 

average 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1936 


Arrivals, total 


454 192 


963 630 


888 385 


610 215 


455 729 


437 161 


462 236 


509 172 


United States citizens 
Immigrants - . ... _ 


131, 643 
234,536 


246, 640 
554.920 


393,885 
304, 182 


366, 935 
85 391 


305, 001 
23 068 


273, 257 
29 470 


282, 515 
34 956 


318, 273 
36 329 


Nonimmigrant aliens... 


88.013 


162. 070 


190.318 


157.889 


127.660 


134. 434 


144. 765 


154. 570 



102 



IMMIGRATION 



No. 105. TOTAL ARRIVALS AND DEPARTURES OF ALIENS AND CITIZENS AND 
ARRIVALS AT PRINCIPAL PORTS: YEARS ENDED JUNE 30 Continued. 



Port and class 


1915-1919, 

average 


1920- 
1924, 

average 


1925- 
1929, 

average 


1930- 
1934, 

average 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1936 


Departures, total _ _ 


418, 948 


588, 089 


832, 323 


632, 371 


582, 347 


439, 263 


461,450 


504, 764 


United States citizens 


180, 776 


264, 727 


385, 602 


377, 976 


338, 545 


262, 091 


272, 400 


311 480 


Emigrants 


123, 645 


178, 597 


77, 949 


67, 138 


80, 081 


39 771 


38 834 


35 817 


Nonemigrant aliens 


112, 527 


144, 765 


168, 772 


187, 256 


163, 721 


137, 401 


150, 216 


157, 467 


Citizens permanently 
departed: 

Naturalized 


1 4, 097 


7,097 


3,675 


1,213 


1,051 


683 


864 


760 


Native born 


i 44, 174 


49, 117 


20, 579 


20, 245 


20,238 


10, 603 


11,282 


8,698 


ARRIVALS AT PRINCIPAL PORTS 

New York - -- 


193, 356 


5/1,942 


551, 927 


425, 507 


328, 990 


313, 989 


323 886 


340 830 


United States citizens 


55, 192 


161, 265 


272, 872 


264, 346 


226, 771 


203, 370 


205 527 


218 282 


Immigrants 


100, 970 


321, 403 


153, 683 


52, 678 


12,944 


17, 574 


23, 173 


23, 434 


Nonimmigrant aliens 


37, 194 


89, 274 


125, 372 


108, 483 


89,275 


93, 045 


95 186 


99 114 


Boston _ 


13, 034 


30, 329 


19, 445 


19, 117 


12, 129 


10, 858 


11 108 


12,289 


United States citizens 


2,723 


4,486 


8, 223 


12,278 


7, S20 


6,086 


6 446 


7 220 


Immigrants 


8,801 


24, 168 


7,162 


2,832 


422 


543 


522 


630 


Nonimmigrant aliens 


1,510 


1,675 


4,060 


4,007 


3,887 


4,229 


4, 138 


4 439 


Philadelphia 


2,335 


10, 627 


815 


1,191 


502 


521 


421 


1 085 


United States citizens 
Immigrants - 


462 
1,667 


1,355 
8,597 


413 
150 


950 
40 


325 
12 


355 

21 


303 
11 


820 
19 


N on imrni grant Aliens 


256 


675 


252 


201 


165 


145 


107 


246 


Baltimore ___________ 


914 


511 


198 


1,146 


1,642 


2,064 


1,731 


1, 562 


United States citizens 


76 


132 


110 


952 


1,453 


1,714 


1,419 


1 291 


Immigrants. 


780 


317 


50 


60 


37 


95 


49 


38 


Nonimmigrant aliens 


58 


62 


38 


134 


152 


255 


263 


233 


Miami 


3,368 


9,509 


14, 209 


22,008 


15, 637 


18,813 


27, 089 


46. 782 


United States citizens 


460 


4,455 


12, 427 


18, 903 


13, 263 


14, 149 


21, 013 


36 748 


Immigrants . 


946 


1,553 


98 


111 


92 


89 


145 


257 


Nonimmigrant aliens 


1,962 


3,501 


1,684 


2,994 


2,282 


4,575 


5,931 


9,777 


New Orleans, 


11, 199 


11,052 


13, 050 


9,555 


7,406 


7,230 


7,882 


8,524 


United States citizens 


6,808 


6, 474 


9,246 


7,426 


5,993 


5,889 


6,286 


6,979 


Tm mi grants 


1,931 


1,407 


847 


427 


262 


156 


200 


201 


Nonimmigrant aliens 


2,460 


3,171 


2,957 


1,702 


1, 151 


1, 185 


1,396 


1,344 


San Francisco _ _ 


19, 587 


24, 738 


16, 245 


13, 554 


10, 073 


11,838 


14, 309 


16, 201 


United States citizens 
Immigrants 


5, 460 
8,442 


6,976 
7,659 


6,791 
2,297 


7,224 
1,498 


5, 933 
395 


7, 185 
433 


8,299 
539 


9,858 
546 


Nonimmigrant aliens 
Seattle 


5,665 
6 911 


10, 103 
8 733 


7,157 
5 583 


4,832 
4 179 


3,745 
3 121 


4,220 
3 276 


5,471 
3 738 


5,797 
4 280 


United States citizens 
Immigrants 


614 
3,938 


1,739 
4,046 


2,332 
959 


2,161 
333 


1,703 
29 


1, 955 
34 


2,332 
39 


2,606 
55 


Nonimmigrant aliens. ... 


2,359 


2,948 


2,292 


1,685 


1. 389 


1,287 


1.367 


1.619 



i Average for 1918 and 1919. 



No. 106. ALIENS REGISTERED UNDER THE ACT OF MARCH 2, 1929, AND 
JUNE 8, 1934: YEARS ENDED JUNE 30 

NOTE. Acts of Congress approved Mar. 2, 1929, and June 8, 1934, permit legalization of permanent 
residence in the United States of aliens who entered without proper inspection prior to June 3, 1921, when 
the first quota law went into effect, and of aliens without nationality who are bona fide political or religious 
refugees who entered prior to July 1, 1933, where no record of admission for permanent residence exists. 



Country of birth 


1930- 
1934, 

total 


1934 


1935 


193G 


Race or people and 
sex 


1930- 
1934, 

total 


1934 


1935 


1936 


Total 


49 601 


4,888 


7,820 


9 571 


Race or people : 




















Fnf lish 










Germany 


2, 527 


218 


152 


233 


German 


3,722 


361 


373 


497 


Great Britain 


2,555 


230 


267 


371 


Greek 


2 310 


182 


234 


365 


Greece 


1,979 


143 


202 


286 


Hebrew 


4, 535 


309 


607 


759 


Ireland 


1,367 


90 


72 


92 


Irish 


2, 826 


225 


238 


343 


Italy 


3,697 


366 


375 


437 


Italian 


3,496 


360 


369 


416 


Poland . 


6,090 


556 


851 


1,233 


Mexican 


5, 933 


932 


1,945 


1, 768 


Scandinavia 


2,561 


212 


217 


319 


Scandinavian 


2,758 


233 


263 


370 


Other Europe 


11, 730 


978 


2,037 


2,287 


All other 


19, 514 


1,889 


3,304 


4,306 


Canada 


8,493 


823 


1,208 


1,812 












Mexico 


6,038 


945 


1,969 


1,788 


Sex: 










Other countries 


2,564 


327 


470 


713 


Male 


40,931 


4,059 


6,011 


7,278 












Female 


8,670 


829 


1,809 


2,293 























Source of tables 105 and 106: Immigration and Naturalization Service, Department of Labor. 



NATURALIZATION 



103 



No. 107. CERTIFICATES OF NATURALIZATION ISSUED: BY STATES AND 
OUTLYING AREAS AND BY SEX, YEARS ENDED JUNE 30 





1933 


1934 


1935 


1936 




1933 


1934 


1935 


1936 


Total 


113, 363 


113,669 


118,945 


141, 285 


E. S. Central Con. 


51 
23 

815 

28 
198 
88 
501 

1,177 
289 
91 
117 
225 
47 
147 
147 
114 

9,307 
1,597 
446 
7,264 

358 
95 
201 
59 
3 


46 
23 

835 
24 
181 
81 
549 

1,242 
271 
100 
110 
315 
42 
151 
175 
78 

9,649 
1,672 
514 
7,463 

501 
155 
246 
98 
2 


67 
27 

1,021 
21 
204 
81 
715 

1,730 
437 
168 
144 
363 
67 
201 
232 
118 

11,309 

2,120 
893 
8,296 

489 
163 
240 
79 
7 


73 
12 

1,005 
23 
150 
82 
750 

2,614 
616 
243 
193 
576 
89 
239 
550 
108 

14. 689 
2,653 
1,172 
10,864 

535 
144 
258 
129 
4 


New England 


15, 871 
407 
358 
319 
10,306 
1,037 
3,444 

58, 915 
44,650 
7,572 
6,693 

21, 597 
3,469 
752 
7,880 
7,482 
2,014 

3,709 
1,417 
523 
892 
208 
124 
343 
202 

1,416 
85 
385 
269 
86 
182 
20 
24 
67 
298 

198 
65 
59 


13, 593 
371 
372 
202 
8,636 
918 
3,064 

59, 653 
45,722 
7,129 
6,802 

22, 571 
3,488 
863 
6,949 
9,110 
2,161 

3,703 

1,475 
441 
779 
294 
166 
356 
192 

1,686 
111 
475 
362 
101 
218 
40 
31 
60 
268 

256 

104 
83 


17, 255 
911 
747 
267 
9,722 
1,387 
4,221 

53, 833 

38,985 
7,366 
7,482 

28,984 
4,501 
1,072 
7,506 
10, 973 
2,932 

4,558 
1,816 
535 
982 
365 
214 
403 
243 

1,555 
104 
398 
263 
112 
225 
28 
18 
68 
339 

211 

77 
40 


21, 674 

838 
814 
309 
13, 951 
1,523 
4,239 

57, 118 
39, 983 
7,982 
9,153 

35, 789 
6,123 
1,190 
14,904 
10, 621 
2,951 

5,143 
2,125 
733 
1,015 
337 
179 
521 
233 

2,423 
124 
724 
465 
124 
310 
76 
32 
82 
486 

275 
118 
72 


Mississippi. 


Maine 


West South Central... 
Arkansas 


New Hampshire . 
Vermont 


Massachusetts... 
Rhode Island 
Connecticut 


Louisiana 
Oklahoma 


Texas. 


Mountain 




Montana 


New Jersey 
Pennsylvania 

East North Central. _. 
Ohio 


Idaho 


Wyoming 


Colorado 


New Mexico 
Arizona 


Indiana 


Utah 


Illinois 


Nevada - 


Michigan 


Pacific 


Wisconsin 
West North Central 


Washington 


Minnesota 


California 


Iowa 




Missouri 
North Dakota. .. 
South Dakota. .. 
Nebraska... . 


Alaska 


Hawaii 


Puerto Rico 
Virgin Islands. .. 

Entire United States.. 
Civilian 


Kansas 


South Atlantic 


113, 363 
112, 368 
995 

78,293 
35,070 

78, 124 
34,881 

169 
189 


113,669 
110, 867 
2,802 

82,465 
31,204 

82, 182 
30,986 

283 
218 


118, 945 
118,945 


141, 285 
140, 784 
481 

86, 777 
54,488 

86,441 
54,286 

336 
199 


Delaware 
Maryland 


Dist. of Col 

Virginia 


Military 
Male 


82, 182 
36,763 

81,905 
36, 551 

277 
212 


West Virginia 
North Carolina- 
South Carolina- 


Female 


Cont'l United States: 
Male 


Florida 


Female 


East South Central.... 
Kentucky 


Outlying areas: 
Male 


Tennessee. . . 


Female 







No. 108. CERTIFICATES OF NATURALIZATION ISSUED: BY COUNTRIES OF 
FORMER ALLEGIANCE, YEARS ENDED JUNE 30 



Nationality 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1936 


Nationality 


1933 


1934 


1935) 


1936 


All countries. ._ 
Albania 


113,363 


113, 889 


118,945 


141, 265 


Poland 


12,091 
645 
1,716 
6,747 

611 
3,019 
893 
2,065 

89 
397 
1,000 
19 

278 
56 
347 
440 

1,922 


12,392 
727 
1,617 
6,072 

649 

3,028 
956 
2,132 

68 
397 
917 
25 

346 
65 
380 
481 

1,839 


11,845 
924 
1,641 
6,254 

724 
3,553 
1,002 
2,541 

53 
399 
898 
50 

514 
74 
267 
547 


14, 745 
1,304 
1,918 
7,836 

837 
4,413 
1, 169 
3,525 

55 
502 
1,117 
71 

623 
91 
322 

637 




158 
1,765 
422 
31,529 
121 

3,150 
1,147 
96 
918 
830 

16,405 
1,704 
1,592 
16,331 

334 
1,612 
749 
2,165 


133 

1, 589 
413 
30,008 
125 

3,105 
1,220 
83 
927 
860 

18,008 
1,727 
1,633 
17,053 

275 
1,460 
798 
2,161 


163 
1,584 
558 
34,084 
202 

3,333 
1,257 
88 
1,111 
859 

18,305 
1,741 
1,946 

17, 559 

220 
1,411 
1,034 
2,204 


164 
2,274 
708 
42,231 
175 

4,771 
1,486 
89 
1,206 
Llll 

19,622 
2,015 
2,352 
17,781 

293 
2,147 
1,368 
2,307 


Rumania 


Austria 
Belgium 


Soviet Union (Russia) 
Spain 


British Empire 
Bulgaria 




C zechoslovakia 


Switzerland 


Yugoslavia 


Estonia 


Palestine. .. 
Svria 


Finland. . 


Germany 


Turkey 

Philippine Islands. _. 

Mexico 


Greece 


Hungary 


Italy _ 


Central America 
South America 
Other countries 

Repatriated Ameri- 
cans 


Latvia 


Lithuania 


Netherlands 


Norway 











Source of tables 107 and 108: Immigration and Naturalization Service, Department of Labor. 



5. EDUCATION 



No. 109. SUMMARY OF PUBLIC ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY SCHOOLS: 

CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES 





1870 


1880 


1890 


1900 


1910 


Total population 


i 38, 558, 371 


50, 155, 783 


i 2 62,622,250 


i a 75,602,515 


i 91, 972, 266 


Population 5-17 years, inclusive 


1 12, 055, 443 


i 15, 065. 767 


i 2 18,543,201 


1 2 21,404,322 


i 24, 239, 948 


Per cent of total population 


31.3 


30.1 


29.6 


28.3 


26.4 


Pupils enrolled in public schools 


6 871 522 


9 867 395 


12 722,631 


15, 503, 110 


17, 813, 852 


Per cent of total population 


17.82 


19.67 


20.32 


20.51 


19.37 


Per cent of population 5-17, incl 
Average daily attendance. . 


57.00 
4, 077, 347 


65.50 
6, 144, 143 


68.61 
8, 153, 635 


72.43 
10, 632, 772 


73.49 
12, 827, 307 


Per cent of pupils enrolled 


59.3 


62.3 


64.1 


68.6 


72.1 


Average number of days schools in 
session 


132.2 


130.3 


134.7 


144.3 


157.5 


Average number of days attended per 
enrolled pupil . - 


78.4 


81.1 


86.3 


99.0 


113.0 


Number o f teachers 


200, 515 


286 593 


363, 922 


423,062 


523, 210 


Male 


77, 529 


122, 795 


125, 525 


126, 588 


110, 481 


Female 


122, 986 


163, 798 


238, 397 


296, 474 


412, 729 


Per cent male teachers . 


38.7 


42.8 


34.5 


29.9 


21.1 


Salaries: Teachers, supervisors, and 
principals (thousands of dollars) 
Average annual salary per teacher 

Total expenditure for education 
(thousands of dollars) 3 


37, 833 
$189 

63,397 


55,943 
$195 

78,095 


91,836 
$252 

140, 507 


137, 688 
$325 

214, 965 


253,915 

$485 

426, 250 


Per capita of total population 


$1.64 


$1.56 


$2.24 


$2.84 


$4.64 


Per capita of population 5-17, inclu- 
sive . . _ -. _ . . 


$5.26 


$5.18 


$7.58 


$10. 04 


$17. 58 


Per pupil enrolled 


$9.23 


$7.91 


$11. 04 


$13. 87 


$23.93 


Per pupil in average attendance 


$15. 55 


$12. 71 


$17. 23 


$20. 21 


$33. 23 




1920 


1928 


1930 


1932 


1934 


Total population 


1 105, 710, 620 


4 119,861,607 


i 122, 775, 046 


* 124, 974, 000 


4 126, 626, 000 


Population 5-17 years, inclusive 


i 27, 728, 788 


4 30, 91 5, 278 


i 31, 571, 322 


431,643,700 


4 31, 618, 000 


Per cent of total population 


26.2 


25. 8 


25.7 


25.3 


25.0 


Pupils enrolled in public schools 


21, 578, 316 


25, 179, 696 


25, 678, 015 


26, 275, 441 


26, 434, 193 


Per cent of total population 


20.4 


4 21.0 


20.9 


21.0 


20.9 


Per cent of population 5-17, incl 
Average daily attendance 


77.8 
16, 150, 035 


81.4 
20, 608, 353 


81.3 
21, 264, 886 


83.0 
22, 245, 344 


5 83. 6 
22, 458, 190 


Per cent of pupils enrolled 


74.8 


81.8 


82.8 


84.7 


85.0 


Average number of days schools in 
session 


161.9 


171.5 


172.7 


171.2 


171.6 


Average number of days attended per 
enrolled pupil 


121.2 


140.4 


143.0 


144.9 


145.8 


Number of teachers .. 


679, 533 


831, 934 


854, 263 


871, 607 


847, 120 


Male 


95,666 


138, 193 


141, 771 


153, 861 


161, 949 


Female . . .. 


583, 867 


693, 741 


712, 492 


717, 746 


685, 171 


Per p.ent male tfi^nhprs 


14. 1 


16.6 


16.6 


17.7 


19.1 


Salaries: Teachers, supervisors, and 
principals (thousands of dollars) 
Average annual salary per t eacher 

Total expenditure for education 
(thousands of dollars) 3 


590,120 
6 $871 

1, 036, 151 


1,164,583 
$1, 364 

2, 184, 337 


1, 250, 427 
$1, 420 

2, 316, 790 


1, 265, 444 
$1,417 

2, 174, 651 


1, 067, 042 
e $1, 227 

1, 720, 105 


Per capita of total population 


$9.80 


$18. 23 


$18. 87 


* $17. 40 


$13. 58 


Per capita of population 5-17, in- 
clusive . 


$37. 37 


$70. 67 


$73. 38 


s $68. 72 


$54. 40 


Per pupil enrolled 


$48. 02 


$86.75 


1 $89. 84 


? $82. 25 


? $64. 76 


Per pupil in average attendance 


$64.16 


$105. 99 


7 $108. 49 


? $97. 15 


7 $76. 22 



1 Census enumeration as of June 1, 1870 to 1900, Apr. 15, 1910, Jan. 1, 1920, and Apr. 1, 1930. 

3 Excluding the population of Indian Territory which is not included in public-school statistics, and 
also for 1890, population of Indian reservations. These were not enumerated at censuses prior to 1890. 

3 Figures include capital outlays as well as operation and equipment expenditures. 

< Census estimates for July 1. Figures for 1932 and 1934 are revised estimates. 

8 Computed by Foreign and Domestic Commerce based on revised estimates of population. The figure 
for expenditure per capita of total population for 1932 in this table differs slightly from the figure shown 
in table 116, which is based on unrevised estimates. 

Computed from number of teaching positions plus supervisors and principals whose salaries are 
Included. 

7 Not including night, summer, part-time, and continuation schools when separately reported. 

Source: Office of Education, Department of the Interior. 

104 



EDUCATION 



105 



No. 



110. ELEMENTARY, SECONDARY, NORMAL SCHOOL, AND COLLEGE 
ENROLLMENTS AND EXPENDITURES: CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES 



Schools 


1900 


1910 


1920 


1930 


1934 


ENROLLMENT 

Elementary and kindergarten, total 


16 224 784 


18, 449, 828 


20, 894, 171 


23, 588, 479 


23, 200, 486 


Kindergartens (public and private) 


225 S94 


1 S46, 189 


510, 949 


777 899 


639 281 


Public elementary schools and kinder- 
gartens 


14, 983, 859 


16, 898, 791 


19, 378, 927 


21, 278, 593 


* 20, 829, 789 


Private elementary schools and kinder- 
gartens (largely estimated) 


1, 240, 925 


1, 551, 037 


1, 515, 244 


2,309,886 


2, 370, 697 


Secondary students, total 


695 903 


1, 111, 393 


2 494, 676 


4, 799, 867 


6, 090, 749 


Public high schools 


519 251 


915, 061 


3 2 199, 389 


3 4,399 422 


3 5 669 156 


Private high schools 


110, 797 


117,400 


213, 920 


341, 158 


360,092 


Preparatory schools (in colleges and 
universities) 


56,285 


66,042 


59,309 


47,309 


36,309 


Secondary students in normal schools s . . . 
College and normal students, total. 


9,570 
237, 592 


12,890 
355, 215 


22,058 
597, 682 


11, 978 
1, 100, 737 


25,192 
1, 055, 360 


Normal schools and teachers' colleges 
(excluding secondary students) 


69,593 


88,561 


135,237 


176, 462 


136,184 


Colleges, universities, and professional 
schools (excl . preparatory students) 

EXPENDITURES (thousands of dollars) 7 

Public elementary and secondary schools .. 
Private elementary and secondary schools ._ 
Normal schools and teachers' colleges 
Colleges, universities, and professional 
schools 


167,999 
214,965 

( 8 1 

10 5, 232 
u 40,554 


266,654 

426,250 
53,542 
14,023 

i" 77, 873 


462,445 

1, 036, 151 
(") 
27,130 

189, 235 


924,275 

2, 316, 790 
233,277 
68,702 

563,547 


919, 176 

1, 720, 105 
176, 700 
35, 933 

il 384, 169 















i 1912. * Includes 64,752 elementary pupils in college training schools. 

J From State reports. * Figure for 1928. Estimated. 

6 Includes secondary students in training schools. 

7 Including outlays. Expenditures for education in all schools reporting finances, including schools 
for the delinquent, deaf, blind, feeble-minded, and Indians, not shown in this table, amounted to 
$3,233,601,000 in 1930 and $2,294,896,000 hi 1934. The latter figure excludes auxiliary operations (see note 11). 

8 No data. Expenditures for all departments, including preparatory. 
10 Receipts excluding endowment. 

Excludes expenditures for auxiliary enterprises, included in prior years, amounting to $6,249,000 for 
normal schools and teachers' colleges and $72,482,000 for colleges, universities, etc. 
1J Receipts including endowment. 
Source: Office of Education, Department of the Interior. 

No. 111. PUBLIC HIGH SCHOOLS AND PRIVATE HIGH SCHOOLS AND 

ACADEMIES: CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES 

NOTE. Data are from reports received from the schools. In 1934, 23,614 public high schools out of a total 
of approximately 25,000 furnished complete reports. The total enrollment in all high schools as reported 
by the State departments of education is shown for 1920, 1930, and 1934 in table 110 





1890 


1900 


1910 


1920 


1930 


1934 


ALL HIGH SCHOOLS AND ACADEMIES 

Schools reporting 


4,158 


7,983 


11,994 


16, 419 


24,997 


26,214 


Total secondary pupils 1 ... 


297, 894 


630,048 


1, 032, 461 


2, 041, 308 


4, 454, 721 


5, 614, 855 


Per cent of total population- 


0.47 


0.83 


1.12 


1.93 


3.63 


4.43 


Number of persons 14 to 17 years of age in 
total population * 


5, 354, 653 


3 6,116,795 


7,220,298 


7, 735, 841 


9, 341, 221 


9,648,700 


Ratio of number of pupils to total number 
of age specified, per cent 


5.56 


10.24 


14.30 


26.39 


47.69 


58.19 


PUBLIC HIGH SCHOOLS 

Schools reporting 


2,526 


6,005 


10,213 


14,326 


22,237 


23,614 


Teachers, total 


* 9 120 


20 372 


41 667 


5 97 654 


5 213, 806 


5 227 727 


Men . 


3,597 


10, 172 


18, 890 


34,396 


74,532 


87,703 


Women 


6.280 


10,200 


22,777 


63 258 


138,774 


140 024 


Secondary pupils, total '_ 


* 202, 963 


519,251 


915, 061 


1, 857, 155 


4, 145, 669 


5, 340, 563 


Boys.. 


85, 451 


216,207 


398, 525 


822,967 


1, 991, 202 


2, 644, 230 


Girls 


116, 351 


303,044 


516, 536 


1,034 188 


2, 154, 467 


2 696,333 


Negro students (included above) .. . 


6.9SS 


8,895 


12, 6S6 


27,681 


118,897 


189, 087 


First year. 






392,505 


742, 320 


1, 460, 459 


1,702,817 


Second year 


)g 


/j\ 


247, 936 


498 796 


1, 132, 061 


1,435 636 


Third year 


( 6 


(*) 


163, 176 


346,684 


852, 012 


1, 150, 868 


Fourth year... 


M 


/6\ 


111,444 


261, 369 


684,985 


956,011 


Post graduate 


P 


/j. 


(6) 


7,986 


16, 152 


7 95 231 


Per cent of total population in public high 
schools . 


a 32 


0.68 


LOO 


L76 


3.38 


4.22 


Number graduated during year, total 
Boys 


21,882 
7,692 


61, 737 

22,575 


111,363 
43 657 


230, 902 
90 516 


591.719 
267 298 


806, 510 
382 871 


Girls 


14, 190 


39, 162 


67,706 


140,386 


324,421 


423,639 


Footnotes on p. 106. 

1 


L 


;.ND 

1 8 











106 



EDUCATION 



No. 111. PUBLIC HIGH SCHOOLS AND PRIVATE HIGH SCHOOLS AND 
ACADEMIES: CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES Continued 





1S90 


1900 


1910 


1920 


1930 


1933 * 


PRIVATE HIGH SCHOOLS AND ACADEMIES 

Schools reporting .. _ .. 


1,632 


1,978 


1,781 


2,093 


2,760 


2,600 


Teachers, total 


7,209 


10, 117 


11, 148 


14, 946 


22, 014 


19, 175 


Men 


3,272 


4,275 


4,512 


5,698 


8,580 


7,294 


Women 


3,937 


5,842 


6,634 


9,248 


13, 434 


11,881 


Secondary pupils, total 


94, 931 


110, 797 


117,400 


184, 153 


309, 052 


270, 128 


Boys 


47, 534 


55, 734 


55, 474 


84, 222 


146, 517 


126, 210 


Girls 


47, 397 


55, 063 


61, 926 


99, 931 


162, 535 


143, 918 


Colored (included above) 




2,S90 


S,888 


9,526 


9,868 


5,760 


Total i n schools for boys only 






26, 838 


47, 925 


88, 137 


73, 723 


Total i n schools for girls only . _ 






28,317 


55, 658 


91, 605 


83, 050 


Total in coeducational schools 






62, 245 


80, 570 


129, 310 


113,355 

















1 Excludes seventh and eighth grades in junior high schools. 

2 Census enumerations except figure for 1934 which is census estimate as of July 1. 

3 Excluding data for Indian Territory which is not included in public-school statistics. 
* Includes those not classified by sex. 

Includes teachers in junior high schools as follows: 1920, 1,361 men, 5,069 women; 1930, 9,277 men, 
30,755 women; 1934, 10,409 men, 29,629 women. 
No data. 7 Includes 34, 633 special students. 8 Data not available for 1934. 



No. 



112. TEACHERS' COLLEGES AND NORMAL SCHOOLS: CONTINENTAL 

UNITED STATES 





1900 


1910 


1920 


1928 


1930 


1932 


1934 


TEACHING STAFF 

All courses, excluding duplicates * ... 


4,372 


5,914 


9,467 


14, 462 


14, 463 


( 2 ) 


(2) 


Male 


1,860 


2,195 


3,512 


5,831 


5,995 


(2) 


14 


Female 


2,512 


3,719 


5,955 


8,631 


8,468 


( 2 ) 


(2) 


Regular session: 
All courses 


(3) 


(3) 


(3) 


11, 927 


11, 977 


4 10, 761 


* 9 873 


Male 





(3) 


( 3 ) 


4,547 


4,720 


4,137 


4,013 


Female 


(3) 


(8) 


(3) 


7,380 


7 257 


6,624 


5 860 


Teacher-training courses 


3,088 


3,760 


( 3 ) 


9,895 


10,720 


10,648 


9,818 


Summer session: 
Teacher-training courses 


( 3 ) 


( 3 ) 


4,868 


7,763 


7,990 


7,492 


5,866 


RESIDENT STUDENTS 

All courses, excluding duplicates 
Male 


^ 118, 684 

47,906 


s 132, 438 
37, 823 


162, 368 
29,107 


297, 430 
61, 573 


279, 195 
60, 935 


( 2 ) 

(2) 


( 2 ) 

(2) 


Female 


68,778 


94, 615 


133, 261 


235, 857 


218, 260 


( 2 ) 


( 2 ) 


Regular session: 
All courses 


(3) 


(3) 


(3) 


185, 162 


176, 462 


164,364 


136 184 


Male 


(3) 


( 3 ) 


( 3 ) 


42, 238 


43,458 


50,338 


45,206 


Female 


(3) 


(3) 


(3) 


142, 924 


133, 004 


114, 026 


90, 978 


Teacher-training courses. . . 


69, 593 


88,561 


135, 237 


162, 080 


161, 524 


154, 946 


131, 044 


Male 


24, 169 


19, 746 


19, 080 


32, 719 


36, 646 


45, 558 


42, 581 


Female 


45,424 


68,815 


116, 157 


129, 361 


124, 878 


109, 388 


88,463 


Summer session: 
Teacher- training courses 


(3) 


(3) 


73, 348 


144, 285 


138, 856 


6 136, 179 


6 86, 721 


Male 


( 3 ) 


( 3 ) 


9,387 


26, 534 


25,990 


31, 538 


23,775 


Female 


( 3 ) 


() 


63, 961 


117, 751 


112, 866 


104, 641 


62, 946 


GRADUATES 

Non degree teacher-training courses 
Male . 


11,393 
3,005 


15, 430 
2,151 


21, 012 
2,151 


49, 627 
6,521 


49, 227 
7,038 


29, 963 
3,837 


18, 749 
2,526 


Female 


8,388 


13,279 


18, 861 


43, 106 


42, 189 


26, 126 


16,223 


Baccalaureate degree teacher-training 
courses 


( 3 ) 


( 3 ) 


1,296 


8,179 


11, 073 


15,311 


16, 303 


Male 


3 


( 3 ) 


436 


2,781 


3,609 


5,180 


5,555 


Female 


( 3 ) 


( 3 ) 


860 


5,398 


7,464 


10, 131 


10, 748 


















Enrollment in observation and prac- 
tice schools 


35, 397 


66,180 


91,641 


71, 685 


90, 601 


61, 144 


77, 427 


Volumes in libraries thousands 


808 


1,522 


2,380 


3,536 


4,065 


4,237 


4,572 


Receipts , all sources 1 , 000 dol lars . . 
Total expenditures do 


5,232 

(3) 


14,688 

(3) 


31,275 
27,010 


70, 017 
64, 350 


69, 984 
68, 702 


59,069 
' 49, 798 


43, 682 
7 35, 935 


Capital outlays do... 


( 3 ) 

v ' 


( 3 ) 


3,778 


13, 128 


15, 461 


9,132 


1,997 


* _ 

















1 Includes regular session and summer session. 3 No comparable data. 3 Not available. 

< The entire force, excluding duplicates, reduced to full-time basis was 11,615 for 1932 and 10,560 for 1934. 
This includes administrative officers, extension service, and organized research, in addition to the regular 
force. 

* Includes some pupils in model schools. Entire summer session enrollment. 

" Not including expenditures for auxiliary enterprises ($8,361,000 for 1932 and $6,249,000 for 1934) included 
in prior years. 

Source of tables 111 and 112: Office of Education, Department of the Interior. 



EDUCATION 



107 



No. 113. UNIVERSITIES, COLLEGES (INCLUDING JUNIOR COLLEGES), AND 
PROFESSIONAL SCHOOLS: CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES 

NOTE. For summer-school enrollment, 1933, see table 125 





1SHMI 


1910 


1920 


1928 


1930 


1932 


1934 


PROFESSORS AND INSTRUCTORS 

Total excluding duplicates 


22,184 


33,831 


42,882 


67,209 


71,722 


i 79, 314 


i 78, 612 


Men 


18, 343 


28,477 


34,111 


52,263 


55,861 


61, 691 


61,299 


Women 


3,791 


5,154 


8,771 


14,946 


15,861 


17,623 


17, 313 


Collegiate departments. 


11, 219 


17,281 


28,113 


50,122 


54,195 


* 77, 524 


'77,096 


Men 


9,014 


14,051 


21,644 


36,783 


39,735 


( 3 ) 


( 3 ) 


Women 


2,205 


3,230 


6,469 


13,339 


14,460 


( 3 ) 


( J ) 


Professional departments 


8,277 


13,285 


10, 915 


14,915 


16, 214 


( 4 ) 


( 4 ) 


Men 




12,886 


10,603 


14,373 


15,562 


(4) 


(4) 


Women 




399 


312 


542 


652 


(4) 


(4) 


Other departments 






2,221 


116 


( 4 ) 


( 4 ) 


( 4 ) 


Men. 






982 


27 


( 4 ) 


(4) 


(4) 


Women 






1 239 


89 


(4) 


(') 


(4) 


Preparatory departments 


4,078 


4,548 


4,282 


3,267 


2,815 


2,837 


2,191 


Men . -- 


2,572 


2,807 


2,714 


1,834 


1,564 


( 3 ) 


( 3 ) 


Women 


1,506 


l,Ul 


1,568 


1,433 


1,251 


( 3 ) 


( 3 ) 


STUDENTS (REGULAR SESSION) 

Total students of collegiate grade, ex- 
cluding duplicates .. 


167, 999 


266, 654 


462,445 


868, 793 


924, 275 


5989,757 


919, 178 


Men 


128,085 


185, 379 


295,828 


533,038 


576, 477 


616,843 


570, 514 


Women 


39, 914 


81,275 


166,617 


335,755 


347, 798 


372, 914 


348,662 


Collegiate departments 


104,098 


174, 213 


'341, 082 


695, 219 


753,827 


525,678 


6507,052 


Men- 


68,047 


113,074 


212,405 


402,242 


441,985 


292,702 


280,909 


Women 


36,051 


61, 139 


128, 677 


292,977 


311, 842 


232,976 


226,143 


Graduate departments 


5,831 


9,370 


15, 612 


44,165 


47,255 


7 76, 953 


? 69, 772 


Men 


4,112 


6,504 


9,837 


26,540 


29,070 


50,379 


44,696 


Women _. .. 


1,719 


2,866 


5,775 


17,625 


18,185 


26,574 


25,076 


Professional departments 8 


58,070 


71,257 


57, 131 


99,424 


98,041 


341, 749 


322,633 


Men ... 


55,926 


65,569 


53,295 


93,639 


92,786 


257, 342 


240,786 


Women 


2,144 


5|688 


3,836 


5^785 


5,255 


84,407 


81,847 


Other departments.. .. 






65,859 


39,153 


30,148 






Men 






27,533 


16,399 


15, 923 






Women . . 






38,326 


22,754 


14,225 






















Preparatory departments 


56,285 


66,042 


59,309 


50,588 


47,309 


33,750 


23,188 


Men . 


34,814 


42,616 


38,398 


30,206 


27,766 


19, 372 


13,688 


Women 


21,471 


23,426 


20,911 


20,382 


19,543 


14, 378 


9,500 


DEGREES CONFERRED 

Baccalaureate ' 


27,410 


37,199 


47,326 


102,982 


111,411 


122 538 


119 853 


Men 






31,544 


64,878 


70,006 


77 989 


76 786 


Women 






15, 782 


38,104 


41,405 


44 549 


43,067 


Graduate 


1,952 


2,541 


4,853 


13,834 


16,832 


21 655 


20 442 


Men 


1,628 


1,939 


3,457 


8,976 


10, 693 




(3) 


Women .. . 


324 


602 


1,396 


4,858 


6,139 




(3) 


Ph. D., on examination 


342 


409 


532 


1,447 


2 024 


102 900 


102,796 


Men . . . 


322 


365 


439 


1,249 


1,692 






Women 


20 


44 


93 


198 


332 






















Volumes in libraries thousands.. 
Total receipts, exclusive of additions 
to endowment 1,000 dollars.. 
Total expenditures . do 


8,764 
11 40. 554 

(3) 


14,059 

77,873 
(J) 


24,191 

189,235 
ft 


40,498 
496,529 

(3) 


44,396 

567, 618 
563,547 


48,682 

563,632 

12494 058 


57,918 

484,529 
u 384, 169 


C apital outlays _ _ do 


(3) 


(3) 


(3) 


(3) 


109 645 


89 158 


27 506 



















1 The entire force, excluding duplicates, reduced to full time basis was 89,184 for 1932 and 89,375 for 1934. 
This includes administrative officers, extension service, and organized research in addition to the regular 
force. 

2 Collegiate, professional, and graduate. * Not available. Included in coliegiate. 
5 Includes some special and unclassified students not shown separately. 

Not comparable with data for earlier years. Figures for 1932 and 1934 represent undergraduates in arts 
and sciences, whereas formerly "collegiate" included engineering, education, commerce, etc., limiting 
"professional" in former years to theology, law, medicine, dentistry, pharmacy, osteopathy, and veter- 
inary medicine. 

7 Includes graduate students in all departments; figures for prior years include graduate school only. 

9 Figures for years prior to 1932 include undergraduate and graduate students in theology, law, medicine, 
dentistry, pharmacy, osteopathy, and veterinary medicine, while other professions are included in colle- 
giate or other departments. For 1932 and 1934 figures represent undergraduate students in all professions. 

9 Including first professional. i All doctors' degrees. " Including endowment. 

" Notincluding expenditures for auxiliary enterprises ($82,536,000 for 1932 and $72,482,000 for 1934) included 
in the figure for 1930. 

Source: Office of Education, Department of the Interior. 



108 



EDUCATION 
No. 114. ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY SCHOOLS, 



Division and State 
or outlying area 


Estimated 
popula- 
tion, 
5-17 
years, 
inclusive, 
1934 _ 


Public elementary and secondary schools 


PupUs enrolled i 


Ratio of enrolled to 
total population 5-17 
years, inclusive, per 
cent 


1920 


1930 


1932 


1934 


1920 


1930 


1934 


Continental U. S__ 
New England 


82, 392, 749 


21, 578, 316 


25, 678, 015 


26, 275, 441 


26, 434, 193 


77.8 


81.3 


81.6 


2,019,900 
199, 100 
111,300 
88,300 
1,026,300 
175,600 
419, 300 

6, 530, 600 
2, 885, 000 
1,031,800 
2, 613, 800 

6, 291, 100 
1, 656, 900 
798, 700 
1,814,300 
1, 264, 200 
757,000 

3, 388, 800 
665, 900 
618, 300 
860,300 
205, 100 
199,400 
360,500 
479, 300 

4, 777, 100 
58,700 
411,400 
90,400 
722,200 
538, 700 
1, 071, 300 
596,800 
886,500 
401,100 

2, 971, 100 
763,900 
761,600 
827, 700 
617,900 
3, 558, 200 
559, 300 
616, 700 
708,000 
1, 674, 200 

1, 029, 549 
141, 349 
128,400 
60,100 
266,900 
131,500 
123, 700 
157,800 
19,800 

1, 826, 400 
367,200 
221,600 
1, 237, 600 


1, 242, 221 
137, 681 
64,205 
61, 785 
623, 586 
93, 501 
261, 463 

3, 925, 080 
1, 719, 841 
594, 780 
1, 610, 459 

3,871,428 
1, 020, 663 
566,288 
1, 127, 560 
691, 674 
465, 243 

2,724,540 
503, 597 
514, 521 
672, 483 
168,283 
146, 955 
311,821 
406,880 

3, 282, 217 
38,483 
241, 618 
65,298 
505,190 
346, 256 
691, 249 
478, 045 
* 690, 918 
225,160 

2, 137, 794 
6 535, 332 
619, 852 
569, 940 
412, 670 

2,462,181 

483, 172 
354, 079 
589, 282 
1, 035, 648 

794, 536 
126, 576 
115, 192 
43, 112 
220,232 
81, 399 
76,505 
117,406 
14, 114 

1,138,319 
291,053 
151,028 
696, 238 


1, 492, 320 
154, 455 
74, 240 
65, 976 
759, 492 
118, 704 
319, 453 

4, 870, 924 
2,141,479 
792, 012 
1,937,433 

4, 875, 528 
1, 277, 636 
667, 379 
1, 395, 907 
970, 582 
564,022 

2,858,752 
551, 741 
554,655 
656, 073 
169, 277 
165, 624 
325, 216 
431, 166 

3, 755, 278 
42, 360 
277, 459 
80,965 
562,956 
395, 505 
866, 939 
469, 370 
713,290 
346, 434 

2, 434, 538 

588,354 
627, 747 
622,988 
595,449 

2, 881, 420 

456, 185 
434, 557 
682,650 
1,308,028 

898, 248 
120, 337 
120, 947 
54,505 
240, 482 
102,084 
103, 806 
138,048 
18,041 

1, 616, 009 
344, 731 
202, 595 
1,068,683 


1, 535, 403 
161, 756 
76, 431 
66,259 
782, 225 
123, 239 
325, 493 

5, 069, 767 
2, 240, 196 
821, 532 
2, 008, 039 

4, 978, 824 
1, 299, 212 
687,629 
1, 415, 553 
996, 825 
579, 605 

2, 873, 436 

558, 148 
555, 341 
683, 830 
165, 608 
164, 914 
324, 241 
421, 354 

3, 879, 386 
44, 522 
288,169 
90,087 
582, 982 
422, 357 
865, 681 
475, 074 
742, 756 
367, 758 

2, 478, 265 
613, 119 
641, 551 
639, 836 
581, 759 

2, 878, 711 
446, 151 
447, 517 
673, 297 
1, 309, 746 

910, 314 
119, 134 
119, 123 
56,670 
247, 074 
109, 525 
97,900 
141, 048 
19,840 

1, 675, 335 
346, 993 
204, 792 
1, 123, 550 


1,556,222 

166, 747 
77, 753 
66,176 
793, 847 
124, 474 
327, 225 
5, 155, 909 
2, 296, 868 
827, 435 
2, 031, 606 

4, 940, 423 
1,300,037 
696, 513 
1, 384, 651 
976, 089 
583, 133 

2, 886, 005 
559, 922 
547, 574 
719, 588 
160, 699 
159, 956 
316, 756 
421, 510 

3, 983, 871 

45, 948 
293, 678 
94, 112 
685, 667 
434, 864 
895, 525 
486, 712 
764, 865 
382, 510 

2, 522, 008 
609,684 
655, 307 
648, 981 
608, 036 

2, 853, 446 
456, 680 
461, 607 
623, 497 
1,311,662 

877, 953 
117,566 
118,346 
55,841 
238, 808 
92,449 
92, 781 
142, 797 
19,365 

1, 658, 356 
340, 742 
201, 556 
1,116,058 


72.7 
76.3 
64.3 
73.4 
71.3 
65.4 


75.9 
78.9 
68.0 
75.3 
76.0 
69.9 
79.3 

77.0 
76.7 
80.4 
76.0 

80.0 
79.9 
85.2 
78.9 
81.2 
75.8 

84.8 
84.0 
90.2 
76.3 
83.0 
84.7 
90.9 
90.5 

80.2 
73.5 
68.9 
91.9 
78.6 
76.0 
84.1 
79.3 
79.7 
91.5 

82.9 

78.1 
83.5 
76.2 
97.1 

82.6 
81.5 
71.7 
98.2 
80.4 

89.4 
85.1 
95.1 
94.3 
92.2 
80.2 
88.6 
89.8 
94.9 

94.5 
96.6 
94.6 
93.8 


77.0 

83.8 
69.9 
74.9 
77.4 
70.9 
78.0 

79.0 

79.6 
80.2 

77.7 

78.5 
78.5 
87.2 
76.3 
77.2 
77.0 

85.2 

84.1 
88.6 
83.6 
78.3 
80.2 
87.9 
87.9 

83.4 

78.3 
71.4 
( 3 ) 
81.1 
80.7 
83.6 
81.6 
86.3 
95.4 

84.9 

79.8 
86.0 
78.4 
98.4 

80.2 

81.7 
74.9 
88.1 
78.3 

85.3 
83.2 
92.2 
92.9 
89.5 
70.3 
75.0 
90.5 
97.8 

90.8 
92.8 
91.0 
90.2 


Maine 


New Hampshire 
Vermont 


Massachusetts 
Rhode Island :... 


Connecticut 


80.3 

72.9 

72.8 
77.4 
71.5 

75.0 
76.6 
79.4 
72.1 
79.3 
68.2 

83.7 

81.8 
86.1 
78.3 
84.6 
82.9 
90.5 
87.9 

77.8 
73.3 

66.9 
84.3 
73.3 
79.8 
82.4 
83.9 
74.0 
82.6 

77.2 
676.2 
87.6 
74.1 
669.8 

77.7 
85.7 
63.5 
92.6 
73.4 

90.0 

92.2 
94.8 
91.6 
95.0 
75.4 
88.0 
87.2 
91.5 

97.6 

94.1 
84.1 
( 3 ) 


Middle Atlantic... 


New York 


New Jersey 


Pennsylvania - - 


East North Central 
Ohio 


Indiana 


Illinois 


Michigan 


Wisconsin 


West North Central- . 
Minnesota 


Iowa 


Missouri 


North Dakota 


South Dakota 


Nebraska 


Kansas 


South Atlantic 


Delaware 


Maryland 


Dist. of Columbia. . 
Virginia 


West Virginia 


North Carolina 
South Carolina 
Georgia.-. 


Florida 


East South Central 
Kentucky 


Tennessee 


Alabama 


Mississippi 


West South Central 

Arkansas _ . 


Louisiana 


Oklahoma 


Texas. _ _ 


Mountain 


Montana. . 


Idaho 


Wyoming 


Colorado 


New Mexico 
Arizona 


Utah 


Nevada 


Pacific. - 


Washington 


Oregon 


California 


Alaska Territory ? 
American Samoa 
Canal Zone 


14,400 
3,600 
10,500 
6,400 
116,900 
3,606,000 
564,900 
5,925 


3,360 


6,071 
1,952 
7,003 
3,683 
71, 657 
1, 121, 233 
221, 248 
3,061 


5,414 
2,102 
7,691 
3,464 
78, 663 
1, 224, 548 
229, 16!) 
3,242 


5,519 
2,186 
7,298 
4,085 
81,240 
1,179,032 
239, 495 
3,619 


26.8 


36.3 

65.4 
80.2 
71.0 
64.0 
34.8 
41.7 
56.7 


38.3 
60.4 
69.5 
63.8 
69.5 
32.7 
42.4 
59.4 


3,486 


85.4 


Guam 


Hawaii Territory. _. 
Philippine Islands... . 
Puerto Rico , . 


41,350 
935, 678 
180,458 








Virgin Islands 





Includes kindergarten; excludes elementary pupils in college training schools. 
1 Excludes 1,634 pupils in elementary college training schools for 1932 and 2,250 for 1934. 
3 The enrollment in schools in California for 1920 and in Dist. of Col. for 1934 was, respectively, 2.5 percent 
and 4.1 percent larger than the number of persons 5-17 years of age as estimated by Bureau of Census. 



EDUCATION 
PUBLIC AND PRIVATE: ENROLLMENT AND ATTENDANCE 



109 



Public elementary and secondary schools Continued 


Private and parochial schools, 
excluding kindergartens 




Number enrolled, 
1934 


Average 
daily at- 
tendance 


Average days attendance per 
year per pupil enrolled 


Number enrolled 


Division 
and State 
or outly- 










ing area 


Elemen- 
tary 1 


Second- 
ary 


1934 


1920 


1930 


1932 


1934 


1920 


1932 


1934 




20, 765, 037 


5, 669, 156 


22, 458, 190 


121.2 


143.0 


144.9 


145.8 


1, 699, 481 


22,723,668 


22,691,033 


c. u. s. 


1. 181, 648 


394, 676 


1, 370, 145 


145.9 


160.0 


159.5 


158.4 


263,634 


387, 424 


335, 497 


N. E. 


130,008 


36, 739 


149,808 


142.4 


160.0 


161.2 


158.0 


16,698 


27,786 


27,870 


Me. 


58,688 


19,065 


68,897 


144.3 


159.0 


159.6 


157.1 


24,209 


34,056 


30, 512 


N. H. 


53,544 


12,632 


58,533 


131.6 


151.2 


153.2 


151.6 


7,770 


11,257 


11,403 


Vt. 


572, 562 


221,285 


699,163 


149.6 


163.1 


160.7 


158.8 


129,268 


197, 107 


173,313 


Mass. 


95,361 


29,113 


108,264 


142.9 


151.5 


156.5 


151.5 


23,662 


34,196 


32,290 


R.I. 


251,383 


75,842 


285,480 


144.1 


157.9 


158.2 


158.8 


62,027 


63,022 


60,109 


Conn. 


3, 902, 453 


1, 253, 456 


4, 487, 645 


145.2 


159.3 


157.3 


180.0 


401, 596 


842,714 


860, 965 


M. A. 


1, 683, 731 


613, 137 


2, 014, 280 


148.8 


163.4 


158.9 


162.6 


238,478 


398,564 


399,460 


N. Y. 


638,172 


189,263 


700,195 


151.3 


157.7 


154.2 


158.3 


40,124 


133,811 


135, 276 


N.J. 


1, 580, 550 


451, 056 


1, 773, 170 


139.0 


155.4 


156.6 


157.8 


122,994 


310, 339 


326,229 


Pa. 


3, 684, 682 


1, 255, 741 


4, 424, 950 


134.9 


159.2 


159.3 


157.1 


534,830 


792, 724 


774, 815 


E. H. C. 


977, 754 


322,283 


1, 190, 102 


130.7 


160.0 


158.6 


158.5 


107,828 


184,222 


181, 532 


Ohio. 


520,604 


175,909 


653,330 


125.8 


155.1 


149.0 


160.6 


26,279 


63,320 


64,456 


Ind. 


1, 043, 458 


341, 193 


1, 174, 468 


144.9 


162.5 


163.2 


151.8 


241, 739 


280,568 


269,528 


111. 


739, 636 


236,453 


890,596 


129.6 


161.5 


162.2 


160.0 


82,243 


153, 325 


145,294 


Mich. 


403,230 


179,903 


516, 454 


138.9 


150.3 


158.1 


157.4 


76, 741 


111,289 


114,005 


Wis. 


2, 215, 709 


670, 296 


2, 483, 317 


127.4 


148.9 


153.0 


150.4 


186, 183 


285,479 


260,905 


w. w. c. 


425, 518 


134,404 


479, 815 


125.5 


149.1 


152.6 


152.0 


45, 374 


64,300 


62, 878 


Minn. 


417, 729 


129,845 


474, 818 


137.2 


147.4 


151.8 


152.7 


31, 191 


47,064 


47,796 


Iowa. 


559, 496 


160,092 


611,587 


128.6 


158.6 


157.3 


148.7 


54,326 


77,601 


77, 112 


Mo. 


128,143 


32, 5.56 


135, 739 


127.4 


145.5 


145.1 


152.5 


6,288 


8,868 


9,881 


N. D. 


124,824 


35, 132 


136, 348 


112.4 


149.4 


141.1 


145.8 


4,357 


11,085 


10,945 


S. D. 


241,385 


75, 371 


277, 392 


122.3 


139.6 


152.1 


156.5 


23,927 


26,078 


26,247 


Nebr. 


318, 614 


102, 896 


367, 618 


124.8 


143.7 


156.7 


144.4 


20,720 


30,483 


26,046 


Kans. 


3, 356, 078 


627, 793 


3, 258, 818 


98.3 


125.3 


129.6 


131.0 


118,111 


129, 080 


122, 943 


S. A. 


35, 604 


10,344 


39,728 


129.2 


156.6 


160.3 


158.8 


5,405 


7,890 


7,482 


Del. 


238, 361 


55, 317 


252,226 


130.3 


158.0 


161.7 


160.2 


27,285 


51,938 


52,930 


Md. 


73, 419 


20,693 


76,392 


143.8 


146.5 


146.6 


146.0 


12, 057 


13, 072 


13,144 


D. C. 


- 492, 485 


93, 172 


486,845 


102.2 


131.9 


139.3 


141.7 


12, 914 


12,664 


12,402 


Va. 


9 355, 958 


78,906 


376, 708 


102.8 


146.6 


143.0 


151.1 


4,820 


9,024 


8,909 


W. Va. 


746, 519 


149,006 


756,768 


91.8 


119.7 


129.9 


134.6 


25,398 


11,622 


6,223 


N. C. 


424,719 


61,993 


378, 830 


76.0 


109.1 


113. 5 


114.2 


9,340 


5,444 


4,864 


S. C. 


664,468 


100, 397 


589,297 


98.0 


111.7 


105.9 


104.8 


14,030 


9,684 


9,539 


Ga. 


324,545 


57,965 


299,824 


98.0 


119.0 


133.3 


128.2 


6,862 


7,742 


7,450 


Fla. 


2, 208, 102 


313,906 


1, 943, 990 


84.3 


114.7 


115.1 


116.0 


69,425 


72, 285 


74,991 


E. S. C. 


518, 793 


90,891 


471,920 


78.7 


121.4 


117.5 


118.1 


18, 578 


39,666 


39,903 


Ky. 


566,991 


88,316 


511,360 


98.5 


125.3 


125.2 


127.4 


23,762 


11,882 


11,841 


Tenn. 


578, 998 


69,983 


507,843 


79.4 


114.0 


116.5 


118.6 


18,598 


10,920 


14,150 


Ala. 


543, 320 


64,716 


452, 867 


76.9 


97.7 


98,1 


98.7 


8,487 


9,817 


9,097 


Miss. 


2, 347, 035 


506, 411 


2, 294, 665 


103.4 


118.1 


124.3 


129.5 


58, 171 


114,803 


118, 001 


W. S. C. 


401, 576 


55,104 


347, 059 


85.2 


108.3 


104.7 


109.3 


2,986 


7,402 


6,785 


Ark. 


389.939 


71,668 


381. 702 


107.7 


121.5 


129.1 


131.0 


26,647 


51,344 


55,622 


La. 


509,250 


114, 247 


492, 022 


100.5 


119.4 


125.4 


134.9 


8,772 


10, 218 


9,674 


Okla. 


1,046,270 


265,392 


1, 073, 882 


112.0 


126.4 


128.8 


133.5 


17,766 


45,839 


45,920 


Tex. 


672, 571 


205, 382 


761,292 


120.3 


140.5 


144.6 


151.0 


25, 539 


42, 857 


43, 437 


Mt. 


85,086 


32,480 


105,830 


120.7 


151.9 


156.4 


163.6 


3,735 


7,042 


7,079 


Mont. 


88,154 


30,192 


103,893 


126.9 


132.4 


144.1 


143.9 


3,000 


3,352 


3,244 


Idaho. 


41,802 


14, 039 


47, 147 


117.4 


141.3 


147.9 


149.5 


1,051 


1,875 


1,596 


Wyo. 


186, 752 


52,056 


196,399 


114.4 


142.8 


143.6 


148.0 


3,854 


15,023 


16,048 


Colo. 


79,367 


13,082 


87, 895 


120.5 


128.5 


130.4 


164.3 


4,178 


9,162 


9,513 


N.M. 


75,544 


17,237 


76,640 


98.6 


128.1 


141.3 


138.2 


3,185 


3,771 


4,285 


Ariz. 


101, 196 


41,601 


127, 149 


138.5 


150.7 


148.4 


152.7 


6,218 


2,475 


1,465 


Utah. 


14,670 


4,695 


16,339 


125.8 


148.5 


145.4 


147.3 


318 


157 


207 


Nev. 


1,216,861 


441, 495 


1, 435, 568 


124.5 


148.7 


153.0 


153.6 


43, 992 


96,300 


99, 479 


Pac. 


240,544 


100,198 


283,718 


128.1 


145.0 


148.8 


150.6 


8,450 


19,843 


19,638 


Wash. 


146, 137 


55,419 


169,260 


137.5 


140.1 


155.3 


143.4 


6, 051 


10,627 


12, 817 


Oreg. 


830,180 


285, 878 


982, 590 


120.2 


151.6 


153.9 


156.3 


29,491 


65,830 


67, 024 


Calif. 


4,380 


1,139 


4,729 


132.3 


148.7 


140.3 


147.9 




930 


( 8 ) 


Alaska. 7 


2,165 


21 


1,950 








151.6 




369 


347 


A. S. 


6,292 


1,006 


6,336 


114.2 


180.0 


176. 1 


171.2 




1,100 


( 8 ) 


C.Z. 


4,015 


70 


(") 




194.7 


183 6 


(8) 




148 


145 


Guam. 


70, 747 


10,493 


76, 692 


168.3 


161.6 


172.7 


173.7 


7,573 


12, 617 


11,612 


Hawaii. 


1,121,028 


58,004 


1, 074, 610 


156.0 


172.8 


178.1 


175.9 


36,534 


84,398 


90,866 


P.I. 


231,729 


7,766 


214, 221 


145.7 


167.1 


167.8 


163.1 


5,823 


7,724 


7,502 


P. R. 


3,300 


219 


2,681 






184.5 


170.2 




1,179 


1,202 


V.I. 



* Estimated. Approximate. 1919. ' White schools. Not available. 

Source: Office of Education, Department of the Interior. 



110 



EDUCATION 



No. 115. PUBLIC ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY SCHOOLS: NUMBER AND 

SALARY OF TEACHERS 



Division and State 
or outlying area 


Number of teachers 1 


Per- 
cent 
of 
teach- 
ers 
male, 
1934 


Salaries of teachers, super- 
visors, and principals 


1920 


1930 


1932 


1934 


Total, 
1934 

(1,000 
dollars) 


Average annual 
salary (dollars) 


1920 


1930 


1932 


1934 


Continental U. S. 
Uew England 


2 879, 533 


854, 263 


871, 607 


847, 120 


19.1 


1, 067, 042 


2871 


1,420 


1,417 


1,227 


48, 480 
7,020 
3,047 
2,902 
2 19, 085 
2,971 
3 8, 455 

123, 254 
61, 703 
17, 440 
44,111 

128, 955 
33, 751 
17,209 
36, 599 
24, 302 
17,094 

117,051 

19, 575 
27, 660 
21, 126 
8,975 
7,853 
14, 873 
16, 989 

84, 888 
1,134 
6,675 
2,096 
14, 271 
11, 221 
16, 852 
9,699 
15, 921 
6,819 

51, 145 
13, 348 
13, 277 
12,558 
11,962 

63, 832 

10, 476 
8,966 
15, 389 
29,001 

30, 130 

7,215 
3,982 
2,232 
7,386 
2,752 
1,955 
3,904 
704 

36, 998 
9,877 
7,778 
19, 343 


52, 642 
6,547 
3,051 
2,978 
26,229 
4,026 
9,811 

165, 475 
82,204 
25, 555 
57, 716 

185, 836 
41, 432 
21, 847 
47,766 
34, 552 
20, 239 

122, 294 
22, 169 
24,585 
24,200 
8,856 
8,943 
14,400 
19, 141 

112,005 
1,420 
8,745 
2,722 
16, 477 
15, 837 
23,375 
13,398 
19, 071 
10. 960 

85, 922 
15, 323 
18, 331 
17, 130 
15, 138 

80, 637 
12,990 
12, 173 

19, 807 
35, 667 

35, 336 
6,422 
4,500 
2,751 
9,744 
3,400 
3,273 
4,452 
794 

54, 116 
11, 140 

6,208 
36, 768 


53, 917 
6,505 
3,026 
2,865 
27, 463 
4,254 
9,804 

171, 791 

85, 830 
26, 732 
59, 229 

167, 093 

42, 704 
21, 502 
47, 472 
34,660 

20, 755 

121,241 
21, 048 
24,803 
24,588 
8,607 
8,752 
14, 325 
19, 118 

112, 335 
1,520 
8,800 
2,751 
16, 719 
16, 381 
22, 505 
13, 053 
19, 534 
11,072 

68, 269 
16, 420 
19, 238 
17, 079 
15, 532 

84,008 
11,694 
12, 445 
18, 160 
41, 709 

35,012 
6,105 
4,584 
2,773 
9,806 
3,278 
3,457 
4, 115 
894 

57, 941 
11, 045 
7,876 
39,020 


52, 614 
6,343 
2,895 
2,774 
26, 889 
4,132 
9,581 

187, 996 
84, 806 
26, 042 
57, 148 

159,469 
40, 744 
20,216 
46, 361 
31, 749 
20,399 

117, 825 
20,674 
25, 301 
24, 199 
8,175 
8,524 
13, 829 
17, 123 

108, 867 
1,583 
8,226 
2,793 
16,411 
13, 503 
22, 472 
12, 953 
20,035 
10, 891 

66, 394 
16,605 
19, 169 
16, 953 
13, 667 
84, 591 
11,810 
12, 499 
18, 543 
41, 739 
32, 219 
5,648 
4,335 
2,590 
8,760 
3,172 
2,834 
4,005 
875 

57, 145 
10,291 
7, 657 
39, 197 


15.5 
14.8 
15.3 
10.9 
17.9 
13.9 
11.3 

17.1 
15.9 
14.9 
20.2 

22.3 

24.9 
27.0 
21.3 
18.8 
20.5 

17.0 
12.9 
16.7 
23.4 
21.3 
24.2 
13.1 
17.1 

17.3 
16.9 
16.0 
12.7 
13.8 
30.2 
18.3 
16.2 
16.7 
14.8 

22.2 

25.9 
24.6 
19.5 

18.5 

21.2 

28.2 
16.7 
25.7 
18.5 

21.3 

17.5 
28.4 
17.9 
18.9 
20.9 
21.2 
28.4 
23.5 

19.3 

20.7 
20.7 
18.7 


81,818 
4,913 
3,486 
2,266 
47, 713 
6,607 
16, 833 

328, 580 
185, 343 
50,754 
92, 483 

212, 603 

59, 048 
24, 770 
64, 363 
38, 370 
26, 052 

107, 825 
21, 375 
20, 333 
28, 427 
5,373 
5,544 
10, 574 
16,199 

90, 863 
2,417 
12, 023 
5, 882 
13,228 
14, 125 
13,516 
7,831 
12,904 
8,938 

43, 301 
12, 064 
13,564 
10,603 
7,071 

88, 177 
5,654 
9,354 
15,364 
37,805 

36, 208 
5,403 
3,789 
2,623 
10, 773 
3,578 
3,955 
4,901 
1,185 

97, 888 
13,106 

7,788 
76, 774 


1,064 
603 
759 
.667 
2 1, 262 
1,070 
1,124 

1,133 

1,256 
1,282 
920 

1,010 

1,088 
964 
1,081 
911 
915 

797 
882 
827 
797 
728 
696 
765 
761 

580 

848 
902 
1, 359 
546 
639 
464 
464 
426 
518 

423 

<413 
494 
484 
291 

643 

477 
723 
768 
612 

956 
958 
932 
869 
929 
803 
1,279 
992 
1,163 

1,182 

1,229 
870 
1,272 


1,636 
942 
1,254 
963 
1, 875 
1,437 
1,812 

2,103 
2,493 
2,113 
1,620 

1,568 
1,665 
1,466 
1,630 
1,534 
1,399 

1,134 
1,251 
1,094 
1, 235 
900 
956 
1,077 
1, 159 

945 
1,570 
1,518 
2,269 
861 
1,023 
873 
788 
684 
876 

804 

896 
902 
792 
620 

923 
673 
941 
1,072 
924 

1,330 

1,215 
1,200 
1,239 
1,453 
1,113 
1,637 
1,330 
1,483 

1,949 
1,556 
1,612 
2,123 


1,665 
952 

1,258 
931 
1,845 
1,599 
1,970 

2,126 
2,494 
2, 192 
1,630 

1,536 
1,573 
1,497 
1,598 
1,522 
1,388 
1,133 
1,305 
1,096 
1,230 
900 
944 
1,051 
1,123 

929 

1,631 
1,523 
2, 340 
859 
1, 085 
799 
668 
690 
867 

781 

835 
826 
710 
( 5 ) 
893 
593 
895 
1,102 
912 

1,282 
1,184 
1, 166 
1,250 
1,386 
1,096 
1,605 
1,239 
1,483 

1,968 
1,553 
1,439 
2,189 


1,503 

803 
1,182 
770 
1,730 
1,509 
1,607 
1,997 
2,361 
1,873 
1,531 

1,295 
1,420 
1,127 
1,397 
1,162 
1,211 

895 
1, 006 
834 
1,175 
621 
614 
749 
858 

802 

1,484 
1,409 
2,004 
779 
913 
%76 
599 
640 
806 

633 

676 
725 
625 
474 

771 
465 
725 
815 
849 
1,055 
957 
794 
967 
1,172 
994 
1, 309 
1,094 
1,317 
1,637 
1,217 
921 
1,899 


Maine - _ 


New Hampshire. . 
Vermont 


M assachusetts 
Rhode Island 
Connecticut 


Middle Atlantic.... 


New York 


New Jersey 


Pennsylvania 


East North Central... 
Ohio 


Indiana 


Illinois 


Michigan 


Wisconsin... 


West Worth Central 
Minnesota 


Iowa_ 


Missouri 


North Dakota 
South Dakota 
Nebraska 


Kansas 


South Atlantic 


Delaware 


Maryland 


Dist. of Columbia. 
Virginia ... 


West Virginia 
North Carolina.... 
South Carolina 
Georgia 


Florida 


East South Central.. . 
Kentucky 


Tennessee 


Alabama 


Mississippi 


West South Central.. 
Arkansas ... 


Louisiana 


Oklahoma. 


Texas 


Mountain 


Montana 


Idaho 


Wyoming 


Colorado 


New Mexico 


Arizona 


Utah 


Nevada 


Pacific 


Washington 


Oregon... 


California 


Alaska Territory ... 
American Samoa . 


164 


253 
26 
175 
125 
2,241 
26, 167 
4,451 
112 


254 
24 
209 
135 
2,555 
28,499 
4,601 
121 


271 
46 
197 
166 
2,446 
26, 962 
4,832 
97 


318.5 
97.0 
48.7 
( 7 ) 
19.1 
50.8 
24.8 
34.0 


443 
13 
325 
O 
4,152 
( 7 ) 
3,633 
79 


1,325 
~i,~324~ 
I'isT 


1,602 
444 
1,541 
315 
1,812 


1.803 
475 
1,572 
272 
1,769 


1,636 
2X5 
1,640 

"I, "653 


Canal Zone 


102 


Guam 


Hawaii Territory... 
Philippine Islands... 
Puerto Rico 


1, 326 
21, 254 
3,832 


635 


848 
572 


882 
644 


727 
661 


Virgin Islands 







1 Includes some superintendents, principals, and supervisors, some States not reporting them separately. 
1 Includes 231 part-time teachers. 3 Estimated. 1919. 5 Expenditures for salaries not available. 



White schools. 7 Not available. 
Source: Office of Education, Department of the Interior. 



EDUCATION 



111 



No. 116. PUBLIC ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY SCHOOLS: EXPENDITURES 



Division and State 
or outlying area 


Total expenditures (thou- 
sands of dollars) 


Per capita of total 
population 
(dollars) 


Per capita of enrollment (dollars) 1 


For current 
expenses 


For outlay 


1930 


1933 


1934 


1930 


1932 


19342 


1930 


1932 


1934 


1930 


1932 


1934 


Continental U. S... 
New England 


2, 318, 790 


2, 174, 651 


1, 720, 105 


18.87 


17.42 


13.58 


75.40 


74.22 


62.52 


14.44 


8.03 


2.24 


159, 625 
11,186 
6,919 
5,660 
86,891 
13,260 
35,709 

661, 730 
360,854 
117,634 
183,242 

538, 770 
145, 910 
63,330 
154, 142 
119, 300 
54,088 

255, 941 
51,600 
50,737 
55,907 
16,446 
15,304 
27,142 
38,805 

184, 089 
5,090 
24,672 
12,666 
23,636 
28,219 
37,274 
15,327 
18, 677 
18,528 

84,627 
22,939 
22,655 
21,643 
17,390 

146, 935 
14, 147 
21,836 
32,802 
78,150 
87,029 
13, 671 
10,326 
6,483 
24,499 
6,799 
10,853 
11,643 
2,755 

200,044 
33,528 
19, 573 
146, 943 


159, 143 
11,044 
7,137 
4,671 
88,306 
14,252 
33,733 
640,762 
351, 017 
111, 100 
178, 645 
476, 283 
124,053 
57,984 
140,755 
100,206 
53,285 

230, 166 
49, 672 
44,615 
50,057 
13,435 
14, 176 
24,785 
33,426 

172, 977 
6,355 
25,972 
13,954 
22,318 
25,532 
30,098 
12,491 
19,237 
17,020 

80, 088 
21,755 
22,015 
18,292 
318,026 

139, 908 
11,656 
20,692 
28,781 
78, 779 

77, 670 
11,803 
8,628 
5,806 
23,702 
6,779 
9,211 
9,305 
2,436 

197, 654 
30,686 
17,156 
149, 812 


127, 808 
8,831 
5,850 
3,593 
72,885 
10, 798 
25,851 

520, 438 
289, 872 
83,888 
146, 678 

359, 557 
99,926 
43,338 
106,622 
68,360 
41,311 

177,609 
39,306 
33,947 
40,895 
9,501 
9,529 
17,163 
27,268 

143,408 
4,380 
21, 435 
9,177 
20,362 
19, 761 
22,557 
11,700 
19,330 
14,706 

64,917 
17,034 
18, 875 
17,460 
11,548 

107,604 
9,069 
15,890 
25,139 
57,506 

59, 652 
8,825 
6,755 
4,392 
16,992 
5,653 
6,671 
8,190 
2,174 

159, 114 
22,036 
13,049 
124,029 


19.55 
14.03 
14.87 
15.74 
20.45 
19.29 
22.22 

25.20 
28.67 
29.11 
19.03 

21.22 
21.95 
19.56 
20.20 
24.64 
18.40 

19.25 
20.13 
20.53 
15.40 
24.16 
22.09 
19.70 
20.63 

11.66 

21.35 
15.12 
26.02 
9.76 
16.32 
11.76 
8.81 
6.42 
12.62 

8.56 
8.77 
8.66 
8.18 
8.65 
12.07 
7.63 
10.39 
13.69 
13.42 

23.51 
25.43 
23.20 
28.74 
23.65 
16.06 
24.92 
22.93 
30.26 

24.41 
21.45 
20.52 

25.88 


19.27 
13.79 
15.25 
12.98 
20.55 
20.42 
20.64 

23.96 
27.31 
26.78 
18.34 
13.49 
18.37 
17.71 
18.12 
20.11 
17.90 

17.19 
19.22 
18.00 
13.69 
19.61 
20.25 
17.86 
17.65 

10.80 
26.48 
15.71 
28.30 
9.17 
14.50 
9.28 
7.16 
6.61 
11.14 

8.00 
8.25 
8.31 
6.82 
8.85 

11.27 
6.24 
9.68 
11.80 
13.21 

20.72 
21.94 
19.30 
25.35 
22.64 
15.73 
20.56 
18.07 
26.19 

23.23 
19.32 
17.61 
25.19 


15.19 
10.55 
11.79 
9.61 
16.85 
15.86 
15.22 

19.22 
22.58 
19.75 
14.68 

14.12 
14.92 
12.75 
13.69 
14.61 
14.21 

13.07 
15.02 
13.45 
10.58 
13.63 
14.05 
12.58 
14.82 

8.40 
17.31 
12.89 
16.39 
7.83 
10.97 
6.68 
5.95 
5.91 
9.27 

6.23 
6.07 
6.61 
6.23 
5.89 

8.53 
4.59 
8.51 
10.10 
9.53 

16.15 

16.62 
14.28 
19.01 
16.06 
14.06 
17.28 
15.93 
22.18 

19.26 
13.59 
13.06 
21.99 


91.39 
66.53 
85.75 
76.48 
97.48 
90.88 
93.51 

107. 98 
130.58 
116. 47 
79.52 

91.11 
94.38 
81.91 
90.91 
99.91 
79.97 

78.64 
83.86 
84.78 
65.51 
88.31 
86.31 
76.98 
78.53 

42.69 
84.41 
74.02 
111. 70 
36.71 
65.46 
37.45 
29.69 
24.07 
49.19 
30.86 
34.66 
33.47 
28.82 
26.46 

43.24 
26.28 
42.49 
45.09 
48.43 
86.23 
100 48 


91.57 
62.54 
87.98 
69.18 
97.25 
94.00 
96.82 

109.50 
133.60 
118. 92 
78.76 

86.59 
85.54 
78.78 
89.85 
93.95 
77.57 

75.04 
83.60 
78.39 
65.09 
78.29 
81.26 
72.37 
73.79 

40.13 

89.91 
74.52 
104.01 
35.38 
57.03 
33.17 
25.59 
25.27 
44.78 

29.98 
32.64 
31.69 
27.37 
28.18 

43.24 

24.08 
40.88 
41.56 
51.44 

81.53 
92.79 
69.90 
97.46 
92.84 
58.03 
91.29 
62.20 
116.54 

106.94 
81.79 
78.03 
119. 98 


79.04 
51.30 
73.62 
53.87 
87.06 
85.16 
77.19 

97.18 
120.75 
98.25 
70.08 

70.01 

74.86 
60.07 
73.13 
68.45 
66.31 
59.29 
68.25 
61.45 
54.39 
57.57 
58.10 
52.95 
58.80 

33.95 
81.80 
65.20 
87.09 
32.72 
44.40 
24.14 
23.49 
23.82 
37.74 

24.55 
26.96 
28.16 
24.52 
18.25 

36.34 

18.86 
33.82 
38.85 
42.12 

66.65 
73.65 
55.21 
76.66 
70.37 
60.46 
70.57 
55.81 
110. 01 
91.74 
63.09 
63.85 
105. 52 


14.62 
5.67 
7.39 
9.32 
15.72 
19.84 
17.20 

27.07 
36.63 
30.59 
15.06 

18.31 
19.22 
12.44 
18.92 
22.09 
15.19 

11.01 
9.58 
6.69 
19.71 
8.84 
6.01 
6.42 
11.42 

6.12 

35.31 
14.27 
43.15 
4.86 
5.89 
5.55 
2.69 
1.98 
4.29 

3.86 
4.32 
2.62 
5.73 
2.74 

7.71 
4.73 
7.44 
2.% 
11.32 

10.60 
13.13 
8.54 
5.48 
7.45 
4.96 
17.04 
14.05 
33.54 

20.05 
11.45 
13.09 
24.15 


10.35 
5.53 
5.39 
1.30 
12.91 
20.68 
5.67 

15.34 
20.41 
14.07 
10.20 

8.64 
9.03 
5.54 
9.12 
6.58 
13.83 

5.03 
5.33 
1.95 
8.11 
2.83 
4.70 
4.07 
5.45 

4.33 
52.41 
15.02 
49.44 
2.67 
3.42 
1.59 
.71 
.53 
1.50 

2.32 
2.84 
2.62 
1.06 
2.80 

5.37 
2.05 
5.22 
1.18 
8.71 

3.75 
6.28 
2.53 
4.98 
3.09 
3.80 
2.79 
3.55 
6.40 

11.03 
6.64 
5.74 
13.35 


2.51 
.37 
1.59 
.36 
4.07 
1.14 
1.01 

2.80 
3.57 
2.33 
2.11 

2.44 
1.49 
1.76 
3.54 
1.58 
4.15 

2.25 
1.92 
.54 
2.44 
1.56 
1.48 
1.23 
5.89 

1.94 
13.32 
7.56 
9.36 
1.87 
1.04 
1.05 
.55 
1.36 
.61 

1.07 
.98 
.64 
1.97 
.68 

1.36 
1.00 
.52 
1.47 
L72 

1.27 
1.39 
1.87 
1.91 
.78 
.63 
1.23 
1.55 
2.15 
4.21 
1.58 
.89 
5.61 


Maine 


New Hampshire- 
Vermont 


Massachusetts .- 
Rhode Island. __ 
Connecticut 

Middle Atlantic. _. 
New York 


New Jersey 


Pennsylvania 

East North Central. 
Ohio 


Indiana 


Illinois 


Michigan 


Wisconsin 


West North Central 
Minnesota 


Iowa 


Missouri 


North Dakota. . 
South Dakota- 
Nebraska. 


'K'ansas 


South Atlantic 
Delaware 


Maryland 


Dist. of Col 
Virginia 


West Virginia- 
North Carolina- 
South Carolina. . 
Georgia 


Florida 


East South Central. 
Kentucky 


Tennessee.. ... 


Alabama 


Mississippi 


West South Central 
Arkansas 


Louisiana .. .. 


Oklahoma 


Texas. 


Mountain 


Montana 


Idaho 


76.83 
113. 46 
94.43 
61.51 
87.51 
70.03 
119 17 


Wyoming 


Colorado 


New Mexico 
Arizona 


Utah 


Nevada. 


Pacific 


103.74 

85.82 
83.52 
113. 35 


Washington 
Oregon 


California 


Alaska Territory . 
American Samoa. _ 
Canal Zone 


696 
17 
379 
55 
5,638 
15,540 
5,299 
110 


705 
20 
1,092 
70 
5,937 
13, 956 
5,405 
116 


804 
15 
618 
60 
5,091 
11, 479 
4,827 
108 


11.74 
1.72 
9.60 
2.95 
15.31 
1.29 
3.43 
4.99 


11.71 
1.80 
25.38 
3.52 
15.11 
1.11 
3.38 
5.28 


13.18 
13.99 
13.44 
2.88 
12.24 
.89 
2.93 
4.92 


123.70 
8.87 
52.87 
14.78 
68.42 
12.92 
23.37 
35.12 


112. 95 
9.24 
64.33 
20.33 
68.21 
10.62 
23.00 
34.84 


116.94 
7.04 
56.21 
14.79 
60.84 
9.22 
19.96 
30.61 


13.52 

"Ti 

.02 
10.09 
.94 
.56 
.28 


17.27 
.19 
77.60 


28.68 
28.'54 


Guam 


Hawaii Territory.. 
Philippine Is 
Puerto Rico 


7.02 
.77 
.34 
.63 


1.69 
.52 
.20 
.14 


Virgin Islands 



Not including night, summer, part-time, and continuation schools when separately reported. 

J Computed by the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce based on revised estimates of population 
(see table 11, p. 9); the new method of estimating State population in 1934 may account in part for the 
marked changes in the ratios for some States. 

3 1930 figure; includes $636,000 estimated interest on debt not included in figure in preceding column 

* White schools. 

Source: Office of Education, Department of the Interior. 
150214 38 9 



112 



EDUCATION 



No. 117. PUBLIC ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY SCHOOLS: ENROLLMENT 
OF WHITE AND NEGRO SCHOOL POPULATION IN 18 STATES 



State 


Enrollment in elementary and 
secondary schools 


Ratio of enrollment to pop- 
ulation, 5-17 years,! inclu- 
sive, percent 


Average num- 
ber of days 
attended by 
each pupil 
enrolled, 1934 


White 


Negro 


White 


Negro 


1932 


1934 


1932 


1934 


1932 


1934 


1932 


1934 


White 


Negro 


Total 


7, 562, 872 


7, 648, 815 


2, 353, 320 


2, 480, 098 


82.4 


82.6 


81.0 


83.7 


134 


111 


Delaware 


37, 615 
234,039 
59, 698 
422, 957 
396,583 
599,900 
251, 364 
479, 655 
266, 201 
527, 954 
432, 699 
292, 634 
645, 559 
345, 542 
286, 988 
622, 999 
1, 095, 350 
565, 135 


38, 801 
237, 310 
61, 437 
424, 767 
409, 371 
614, 784 
257, 870 
491, 529 
277,629 
539, 498 
435, 995 
308, 775 
675, 342 
347, 791 
294,269 
575, 802 
1, 098, 318 
559, 527 


6,907 
54,130 
30, 389 
160,025 
25,774 
265, 781 
223, 710 
263, 101 
101, 557 
113, 597 
207, 137 
289,125 
38, 271 
100, 609 
160, 529 
50,298 
214, 396 
47,984 


7,147 
56,368 
32, 675 
160, 890 
25, 493 
280, 741 
228, 842 
273, 336 
104, 881 
115,809 
212, 986 
299, 261 
44,246 
108, 889 
167, 338 
47, 695 
213, 344 
50, 157 


75.1 
69.5 
95.2 
82.7 
79.3 
82.2 
82.4 
86.9 
96.4 
83.9 
81.7 
96.9 
79.3 
82.0 
74.5 
95.4 
77.6 
80.2 


76.7 
69.8 
97.1 
82.5 
80.6 
82.8 
83.5 
88.7 
97.7 
85.1 
81.5 
101.4 
83.0 
82.4 
75.6 
87.4 
76.8 
78.8 


85.3 
76.6 
113.8 
76.8 
85.3 
82.1 
77.2 
77.8 
88.3 
88.5 
70.6 
92.2 
82.8 
72.9 
70.7 
101.8 
88.3 
88.7 


88.2 
79.2 
120.6 
77.5 
82.2 
85.4 
79.5 
82.2 
89.9 
90.5 
72.7 
95.5 
93.9 
79.4 
73.5 
96.4 
87.5 
93.4 


160 
163 
146 
145 
150 
137 
138 
110 
129 
127 
122 
111 
149 
114 
144 
136 
137 
119 


154 
147 
145 
133 
162 
129 
87 
95 
126 
128 
111 
86 
149 
94 
108 
124 
114 
113 


Maryland... _ - 


Dist. of Columbia- 
Virginia 


West Virginia 
North Carolina 
South Carolina. 
Georgia 


Florida 


Tenneseee 


Alabama 


Mississippi 


Missouri 


Arkansas 


Louisiana ._ - - 


Oklahoma 


Texas 


Kentucky 





1 Population 5 to 17 years of age estimated. In some cases the reported enrollment exceeded the estimated 
population in this age group. 

No. 118. PUBLIC AND PRIVATE HIGH SCHOOLS: PUPILS ENROLLED 
NOTE. Data are from State reports; they exclude seventh and eighth grade pupils in junior high schools. 



Division and State 
or outlying area 


Public 


Pri- 
vate, 
1934 


Division and State 
or outlying area 


Public 


Pri- 
vate, 
1934 

2,967 
1,704 

17, 761 
6,543 
4,560 
4,473 
2,185 

14, 287 
907 
7,440 
1,372 
4,548 

7,231 

1,424 
750 
11 
2,288 
1,402 
904 
452 


1930 


1932 


1931 


1930 


1932 


1934 


Cont'l U. S. 

Hew England 
Maine 


4,399,422 


5,140,021 


5,689,156 


360, 092 


S. Atl. Contd. 


80, 701 
45,207 

245, 503 
62, 470 
69, 691 
61, 054 
52,288 

444, 420 
46, 280 
57, 843 
104, 159 
236, 138 

170, 567 
24,787 
27, 172 
11,164 
43, 217 
12,587 
15, 259 
32, 619 
3,762 

385, 097 
85, 428 
47, 687 
231, 982 


93, 030 
52, 494 

278, 101 
71, 945 
79, 164 
69, 146 
57, 846 

488, 240 
53, 911 
63, 989 
113, 421 
256, 919 

192, 984 
29, 094 
28, 518 
13, 482 
47, 889 
15, 046 
15, 958 
38, 454 
4,543 

418,212 
95, 732 
52, 114 
270, 366 


100, 397 
57, 965 

313, 906 

90,891 
88, 316 
69, 983 
64, 716 

506,411 
55, 104 
71, 668 
114, 247 
265, 392 

205, 382 
32, 480 
30, 192 
14, 039 
52, 056 
13, 082 
17, 237 
41, 601 
4,695 

441, 495 
100, 198 
55, 419 
285, 878 


297, 907 
30, 005 
14,158 
11,600 
165, 408 
17,386 
59,350 

843, 155 
424, 834 
119, 929 
298, 392 

978, 973 
265, 721 
144,001 
301, 119 
161, 795 
106,337 

569, 523 
98, 613 
117, 229 
132, 050 
29, 697 
31, 338 
68,986 
91, 610 

484, 277 
7,009 
42,296 
16, 399 
74, 027 
48, 814 
116, 937 
52, 887 


363, 595 
33,498 
16, 955 
12, 646 
202, 670 
25, 268 
72,558 

1,059,709 
507,090 
154, 969 
397, 650 

1,153,451 
295, 196 
161, 071 
337, 798 
200, 513 
158, 873 

623, 270 
114,446 
124, 989 
145, 091 
32, 089 
33,987 
74, 232 
98, 436 

562, 459 
8,726 
52, 202 
18, 681 
83, 536 
62, 702 
133, 207 
57, 881 


394, 676 
36, 739 
19, 065 
12, 632 
221, 285 
29, 113 
75, 842 

1,253,456 
613, 137 
189, 263 
451, 056 

1,255,741 
322, 283 
175, 909 
341, 193 
236, 453 
179, 903 

670, 296 
134,404 
129, 845 
160, 092 
32, 5.56 
35, 132 
75, 371 
102, 896 

627, 793 
10,344 
55, 317 
20, 693 
93, 172 
78,906 
149, 006 
61, 993 


54,299 
6,938 
8,508 
2,543 
22, 966 
4,304 
9,040 

100, 388 
47, 441 
16, 409 
36, 538 

83, 789 
24,404 
5,724 
28, 028 
16, 845 
8,788 

36, 974 
8,228 
9,080 
9,151 
2,064 
1,123 
3,536 
3,792 

25, 551 
804 
7,211 
2,702 
4,704 
1,367 
2,270 
1,822 


Florida 


E. S. Central 
Kentucky 
Tennessee 
Alabama 


N. Hampshire-- 
Vermont 


Massachusetts. . 
Rhode Island. - 
Connecticut 

Mid. Atlantic. _. 
New York 
New Jersey 
Pennsylvania- . 

E. H. Central.. 
Ohio 


Mississippi 

W. S. Central 

Arkansas 


Louisiana 


Oklahoma 
Texas 


Mountain 


Indiana 


Montana. . 


Illinois 


Idaho 




Wyoming 


Wisconsin 

W. N. Central 
Minnesota 
Iowa 


Colorado 


New Mexico 
Arizona 


Utah 




Missouri _ 


Pacific . 


19, 832 
3,448 
2,026 
14, 358 


North Dakota.. 
South Dakota. . 


Washington 
Oregon 


Kansas... 


California 
Alaska 


S Atlantic 


785 


937 


1,139 
21 
1, 006 
70 
10, 493 
58, 004 
7,766 
219 




Delaware 
Maryland 
Dist. of Col 
Virginia 


American Samoa . 
Canal Zone 




632 


769 
70 
9,588 
80, 836 
7,190 
162 




Guam 




Hawaii 


7,066 
71, 155 
7,054 
63 


2,183 


West Virginia .- 
N. Carolina 
S. Carolina 


Philippine Is 
Puerto Rico 
Virgin Islands 


1,011 





Source of tables 117 and 118: Office of Education, Department of the Interior. 



EDUCATION 



113 



No. 119. SCHOOL STATISTICS OF NONCONTIGUOUS TERRITORIES AND 
POSSESSIONS: ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY SCHOOLS 





1899- 
19001 


1909-10 


1919-20 


1929-30 


1933-34 


1934-35 


1935-36 


HAWAII TERRITORY 

Public schools : 
Number 


140 


152 


173 


181 


185 


184 


184 


Teachers 


352 


486 


1,161 


2,563 


2,539 


2,674 


2,847 


Male 


112 


106 


143 


469 


506 


533 


565 


~F?mf\lp. 


240 


380 


1,018 


2,094 


2,033 


2,141 


2,282 


Pupils 


11,501 


19,909 


38,295 


73,180 


81,240 


83,319 


85,006 


Male 


6,339 


10, 937 


20,044 


37,682 


42,103 


43,208 


44,019 


Female _. . 


5,162 


8,972 


18,251 


35,498 


39, 137 


40,111 


40,987 


Private schools: 
Enrollment. - 


4,036 


5,628 


7,406 


11,835 


11, 812 


13,130 


14,441 


PUERTO RICO 

Public schools: 
Population 


953,243 


*1,118,012 


21,299,809 


21,544,000 


51,678,600 


3 1,710.300 


3 1, 742, 000 


Persons of 6-17 years 


322, 393 


* 361, 967 


2438,743 


2530,148 


3568,000 


3 568, 200 


3 575, 000 


Enrollment 


* 21, 873 


112,829 


180,458 


221,248 


239, 495 


24fi,414 


256, 352 


Teachers. 


525 


1,716 


3,214 


4,451 


4,993 


5,077 


5,083 


Public-school buildings 


(*) 


274 


569 


1,080 


1,053 


1,100 


1,108 


Rented buildings 


(*) 


751 


1,334 


1,170 


1,022 


1,021 


1,083 


Schoolrooms 


525 


1,611 


3,096 


4,690 


4,577 


4,070 


4,763 


School expenditures _ 


$288,098 


$1,268,640 


$2,961,877 


$5,299,450 


$4,870,570 


$4,803,605 


$5, 324, 927 


Expenditures perinhabitant_. 

Private schools: 

Enrollment 


$0.30 
() 


$1.11 
() 


$2.28 
5,823 


$3.43 
5,728 


$2.90 
7,522 


$2.81 
8,696 


$3.06 
9,169 


PHILIPPINE ISLANDS 

Schools, number 


2,285 


4,531 


5,944 


7,821 


7,677 


7,830 


7,938 


Primary and intermediate 
Secondary 


2,250 
35 


4,493 
38 


5,894 
50 


7,694 
127 


7,560 
117 


7,716 
114 


7,820 
118 


Teachers 


4,641 


9,007 


17, 575 


28,519 


27,065 


27,855 


28,485 


American 


787 


732 


341 


263 


169 


133 


99 


Filipino 


3,854 


8,275 


17,234 


28,256 


26,896 


27,722 


28,386 


Average monthly enrollment .._ 
Expenditures (1 000 dollars) 


8227,600 
1 401 


8*451,938 
3,238 


678,956 
9,106 


1, 100, 896 
15,540 


1, 112, 162 
11,479 


1, 145. 314 
12,527 


1, 169, 756 


ALASKA TERRITORY 

Native schools: 10 
Number 


25 


77 


67 


93 


99 


96 


102 


Pupils enrolled .. 


1,753 


3,964 


3,610 


3,899 


4,356 


4.299 


4,464 


Average attendance 




1,692 


2,367 


3,029 


3,367 


3, 161 


3.225 


Teachers 


27 


103 


138 


195 


193 


186 


196 


Total cost. 


$29,274 


$195, 613 


$249, 456 


$580,400 


$422, 026 


$433,528 


$450,917 


Teachers' salaries 


$18, 341 


$85,834 


$122, 014 


$229.667 


$230, 040 


$246, 813 


$277, 739 


White schools: 
Teachers. 






164 


253 


271 


278 


297 


Pupils enrolled 




"621 


3 360 


5 071 


5 519 


5 697 


6,181 


Average attendance 






2,505 


4,167 


4,729 


4,773 


5,085 


Expenditures I3 




12 $36 486 


$340 729 


$695, 841 


$803,678 




$695, 162 


Teachers' salaries 




( 6 ) 


$224 558 


$405, 242 


$443 333 




$504 783 



















1 Statistics for Puerto Rico are for 1898-99; for Philippine Islands, for 1903-4. 

2 Censuses of 1910, 1920, and 1930, respectively. 

3 Census estimates as of July 1. Estimates are based upon a Census taken as of Dec. 1, 1935. 

4 Attendance at end of the year. 

5 No school buildings on the island, the 525 schools in operation being conducted, as a rule, in teachers' 
residences. 

6 Not available. 

i March. s Highest monthly enrollment. September, 

i" Statistics for 1899-1900 are for all public schools. 
11 Including mixed schools outside of incorporated towns and districts. 
13 Native and mixed schools outside of incorporated towns only. 

13 Revised to include capital outlays; excludes interest. Figures beginning with 1929-30 furnished by 
the Office of Education, Department of the Interior, which collects data biennially only. 

Sources: Hawaii, reports of the Governor of Hawaii. Puerto Rico, reports of the Governors of Puerto 
Rico and the Commissioner of Education. Philippine Islands, reports of the Director of Education. 
Alaska, native schools, Office of Indian Affairs, Department of the Interior; white schools, reports of the 
Governor of Alaska and Commissioner of Education, Alaska, except as noted. 



114 



EDUCATION 



No. 120. UNIVERSITIES, COLLEGES (INCLUDING JUNIOR 

NOTE. Faculty includes administrative officers, extension service, and organized research as well as 



1 

2 
3 
4 
5 
6 
7 
8 

9 
10 
11 
12 

13 
14 
15 
16 
17 
18 

19 
20 
21 
22 
23 
24 
25 
26 

27 
28 
29 
30 
31 
32 
33 
34 
35 
30 

37 
38 
39 
40 
41 

42 
43 
44 
45 
46 

47 
48 
49 
50 
51 
52 
53 
54 
55 

56 
57 
58 
59 

60 
61 
62 
63 


Division and State 
or outlying area 


Num- 
ber 
of in- 
stitu- 
tions, 
1934 


Faculty, 1934 
(reduced to 
full-time 
basis) 


Students of college grade 


Total enrollment, excluding duplicates 


Arts and sci- 
ences, 1934 


Male 


Fe- 
male 


1930 


1932 


19342 


Undergraduate 


Total 


Male 


Female 


Male 


Female 


Cont'lU.S - 
New England 


1,166 


67, 270 


22, 105 


924, 275 


989, 757 


919, 176 


570, 514 


348, 662 


280, 909 


226, 143 


64 
6 
4 
5 
33 
4 
12 

155 
66 
17 
72 

199 
59 
28 
62 
32 
18 

197 
30 
53 
45 
5 
11 
17 
36 

179 
2 
20 
13 
31 
12 
37 
20 
35 
9 

99 
30 
32 
13 
24 

127 

18 
13 
21 
75 

42 
6 
5 
1 
13 
4 
3 
9 
1 

104 
14 
13 

77 


7,067 
329 
530 
311 
4,558 
302 
1,037 

15, 828 
8,896 
1,079 
5,853 

12, 060 

3,759 
1,596 
3,767 
1,903 
1,035 

7,936 
1,531 
1,716 
2,262 
382 
318 
661 
1,066 

8,322 
108 
1, 538 
1,088 
1,472 
473 
1,321 
711 
1,085 
526 

2,984 

804 
1,002 
666 

492 

4,557 
447 
980 
907 
2,223 

2,258 
241 
286 
136 
721 
195 
193 
394 
92 

6,278 

841 
566 
4,871 


1,588 
95 
73 
104 
1,031 
36 
249 

4,337 

2,794 
204 
1,339 

3,690 
1,367 
417 
1,073 
533 
300 

2,971 
595 
676 
667 
95 
131 
278 
529 

3,228 
34 
357 
173 

623 
180 
610 
370 
604 
277 

1,617 
421 
474 
319 
403 

2,091 
237 
377 
421 
1,056 

712 

78 
81 
49 
212 
43 
53 
176 
20 

1,871 
233 
166 
1,472 


71, 608 
3,310 
3,943 
2,319 
50,352 
3,653 
8,031 

220, 877 
143, 278 
11, 162 
66, 437 

207, 093 
64,650 
21, 438 
71, 857 
32, 391 
16, 757 

105, 068 
21, 263 
20, 848 
23,990 
4,006 
4,134 
13, 245 
17, 582 

97, 065 
711 
13, 813 
15, 202 
14, 566 
6,433 
16,311 
10, 326 
13, 846 
5,857 

42, 160 
10,200 
14, 552 
9,842 
7,566 

67, 448 
5,325 
9,400 
14, 589 
38, 134 

28, 765 
3,203 
2,971 
1,177 
8,835 
1,874 
2,743 
6,916 
1,046 

84, 191 
15, 127 
9,747 
59, 317 


70, 169 

3,682 
4,438 
2,395 
48, 119 
3,036 
8,499 

251,421 
170, 902 
10,007 
70, 512 

203, 310 

58, 464 
22, 456 
67, 218 
38, 086 
17, 086 

111,672 

23, 138 
21, 707 
28, 169 
4,147 
4,371 
12, 261 
17, 879 

102, 485 
804 
14, 129 
16, 620 
17, 021 
5,791 
17, 862 
10, 226 
13, 463 
6,569 

48, 155 
11,941 
15, 393 
11,273 
7,548 

72, 088 
6,432 
11, 158 
16, 985 
37, 513 

33, 361 
3,630 
3,802 
1,402 
10, 265 
2,068 
2,943 
8,199 
1,052 

99, 096 

15, 049 
9,473 

74, 574 


65, 242 

3,463 
4,408 
2,452 
42, 703 
3,855 
8,361 

223, 986 
153, 444 
10, 758 
59, 784 

185, 781 
59, 076 
19, 831 
60, 227 
31, 454 
15, 173 

103, 260 
22, 636 
20, 432 
24,564 
3,860 
3,474 
10, 987 
17, 307 

95, 987 
827 
12, 571 
13,868 
15, 037 
6,673 
17, 055 
9,391 
14, 251 
6,314 

44, 338 
12, 272 
14, 719 
10, 694 
6,653 

72, 912 
6,579 
12, 322 
16, 354 
37, 657 

33, 540 
3,552 
3,962 
1,191 
9,479 
2,087 
3,157 
9,122 
990 

94, 150 
14, 607 
8,073 
71, 470 


46, 756 
2,541 
3,749 
1,484 
29,169 
3,021 
6,792 

145, 888 
97,043 
8,781 
40,064 

114, 556 
33, 734 
13, 678 
37, 790 
19, 566 
9,788 

61, 606 

13, 238 
12, 326 
15, 064 
2,441 
2,032 
6, 533 
9,972 

60, 014 

492 
9,600 
9,857 
10, 084 
3,789 
10, 186 
4,852 
7,717 
3,437 

24, 410 
6,440 
7,981 
6,684 
3,305 

41, 555 
3,935 
7,580 
9,150 
20,890 

20, 281 

2,187 
2,459 
716 
5,698 
1,278 
1,872 
5,500 
571 

55, 448 
9,041 
4,768 
41, 639 


18, 486 
922 
659 
968 
13, 534 
834 
1, 569 

78, 098 
56, 401 
1,977 
19, 720 

71, 205 

25, 342 
6,153 
22, 437 
11,888 
5,385 

41, 654 
9,398 
8,106 
9,500 
1,419 
1,442 
4,454 
7,335 

*s 

2,971 
4,011 
4,953 
2,884 
6,869 
4,539 
6,534 
2,877 

19, 928 

5,832 
6,738 
4,010 
3,348 

31,357 

2,644 
4,742 
7,204 
16, 767 

13, 259 
1,365 
1,503 
475 
3,781 
809 
1,285 
3,622 
419 

38, 702 
5,566 
3,305 
29, 831 


22, 517 
1,728 
2,975 
1,005 
9,920 
2,177 
4,712 

57, 903 
38, 816 
4,326 
14, 761 

52, 759 
15, 305 
6,338 
15, 940 
10, 091 
5,085 

32, 562 
6,946 
7,424 
6,531 
1,233 
1,253 
2,980 
6,195 

31, 109 

310 
2,810 
3,870 
5,886 
2,691 
6,675 
2,947 
4,376 
1,544 

13, 873 

3,940 
4,781 
3,079 
2,073 

24, 862 
3,103 
3,942 
4,283 
13, 534 

10, 580 
1,056 
1,326 
364 
2,203 
604 
1,196 
3,510 
321 

34,744 
4,539 
1,814 
28, 391 


13, 157 
765 
532 
860 
9,441 
518 
1,041 

34, 821 

24, 571 
1,734 
8, 516 

43, 082 

12, 956 
4,374 
14, 019 
7,864 
3,869 

27, 288 
5,757 
5,892 
5,748 
111 
1,145 
2,492 
5,477 

28, 163 
224 
2,470 
2,752 
3,857 
1,777 
6,093 
3,920 
5,221 
1,849 

16, 039 

5,093 
4,883 
2,832 
3,231 

24, 830 
2,325 
2,887 
4,791 
14, 827 

8,486 
849 
1,139 
196 
2,554 
241 
803 
2,366 
338 

30, 277 
4,352 
1,454 
24, 471 


Maine 


New Hampshire . 
Vfirmnnt, 


Massachusetts.. 
Rhode Island 
Connecticut 

Middle Atlantic. _. 
New York 


New Jersey 
Pennsylvania. .. 

East North Central. 
Ohio 


Indiana 


Illinois 


Michigan 


Wisconsin 


W. North Central- 
Minnesota 


Iowa 


Missouri 


North Dakota.. 
South Dakota- 
Nebraska 


T?~a.nsas 


South Atlantic 
Delaware 


Maryland 


Dist. of Col 

Virginia.. 


West Virginia- 
North Carolina- 
South Carolina- 
Georgia. .. 


Florida- 


East South Central. 
Kentucky.. 


Tennessee 


Alabama. 


Mississippi 


West South Cental- 
Arkansas 


Louisiana 


Oklahoma . 


Texas 


Mountain . 


Montana 


Idaho 


Wyoming 
Colorado 


New Mexico 
Arizona 


Utah... 


Nevada 


Pacific 


Washington 
Oregon 


California 


Alaska. . 


1 
1 


16 
136 


7 
62 


86 
965 
6,648 
1,484 


144 
2,017 


153 
1,601 


89 
806 


64 
795 


29 
513 


25 
433 


Hawaii- 


Philippine Islands s 
Puerto Rico 


1 


121 


70 


1,631 


1,788 


936 


852 


304 


145 





i Includes professional in all departments. 

J Includes special and unclassified students not shown separately. 



EDUCATION 



115 



COLLEGES), AND PROFESSIONAL SCHOOLS: BY STATES 

the regular force. Enrollment covers regular session only. For summer school students, see table 125 



Students of college grade Continued 


Preparatory 
students, 1934 


Graduates re- 
ceiving bac- 
calaureate and 
irst professional 
degrees, 1934 


Total receipts, 
exclusive of 
additions to 
endowments 
(thousands of 
dollars) 


1 
2 
3 
4 
5 
6 
7 
8 

9 

10 
11 
12 

13 

14 
15 
16 
17 
13 

19 
20 
21 
22 
23 
24 
25 
26 

27 
28 
29 
30 
31 
32 
33 
34 
35 
36 

37 
38 
39 
40 
41 

42 
43 
44 
45 
46 

47 
4b 
49 
50 
51 
52 
53 
54 
55 
56 
57 
68 
59 

60 
61 
62 
63 


Arts and sci- 
ences, 1934 C on. 


Professional, 1934 1 


Graduate 


Undergraduate 


Graduate 


Male 


Female 


Male 


Female 


Male 


Fe- 
male 


Male 


Fe- 
male 


Male 


Female 


1932 


1934 


23, 292 


15,404 


240, 786 


81, 847 


21, 404 


9,672 


13, 688 


9,500 


76, 786 


43 087 


563, 682 


484, 529 


2,606 
25 
41 
25 
1,623 
230 
662 

5,720 
3,652 
435 
1,633 

5,977 
1,458 
522 
2,419 
953 
625 

2,366 
300 
856 
564 
55 
49 
235 
307 

2,359 
6 
553 
853 
280 
48 
347 
38 
163 
71 

454 
149 
198 
69 
38 

857 
12 
143 

201 
501 

628 
37 
45 
13 
220 
49 
55 
176 
33 

2,325 
344 
105 
1,876 


1,111 
23 
19 
27 
952 
88 
2 

3,846 
2,606 
30 
1,210 

3,841 
736 
240 
1,774 
749 
342 

1,559 
334 
433 
364 
36 
26 
175 
191 

993 
1 
20 
484 
91 
25 
141 
52 
143 
36 

358 
135 
112 
78 
33 

733 

13 
132 
219 
369 

619 
35 
27 
15 
251 
83 
55 
113 
40 

2,344 

318 
55 
1,971 


19,605 
772 
629 
451 
15,897 
588 
1,268 

68, 705 
44,259 
3,732 
20,714 

52,754 
16, 698 
6,628 
17,380 
7,959 
4,089 

24, 369 
5,306 
3,802 
6,741 
1,109 
666 
3,134 
3,611 

25, 899 
175 
6,276 
4,879 
3,795 
963 
3,109 
1,785 
3,163 
1,754 

9,610 
2,213 
2,899 
3,315 
1,183 

15,001 
845 
3,266 
4,332 
6,558 

8,555 
1,014 
1,033 
323 
3,204 
593 
574 
1,602 
212 

16, 288 
3,925 
2,765 
9,598 


3,894 
126 
92 
80 
3,061 
209 
326 

23, 120 

15, 917 
77 
7,126 

21,443 
11,109 
1,423 
5,033 
2,784 
1,094 

10, 725 
3,202 
1,683 
1,744 
501 
165 
1,681 
1,749 
5,871 
110 
433 
621 
992 
948 
299 
295 
1,212 
961 

2,751 
568 
1,450 
651 

82 

5,108 

261 
1,618 
1,983 
1,246 

3,846 
400 
306 
254 


2,257 
16 
15 
3 
2,065 
18 
140 

7,906 
5,730 
160 
2,016 

4,929 
1,903 
81 
1,912 
751 
282 

1,683 
881 
200 
316 
13 
13 
141 
119 

942 
1 
284 
259 
125 
57 
101 
15 
38 
62 

263 
153 
17 
66 
27 

63C 

272 
232 
119 

406 
50 
55 
16 
202 


341 

8 
1 
1 
308 
8 
15 

5,223 
4,327 
1 
895 
1,527 
203 
37 
788 
412 
87 

687 
222 
69 
267 

43 

77 

246 


685 


294 

4 
41 


7,834 
468 
681 
279 
4,782 
499 
1,125 

19, 679 
11,523 
1,293 
6,863 

16, 087 

4,569 
2,384 
4,900 
2,735 
1,499 

8,165 
1,656 
1,739 
1,873 
365 
330 
1,012 
1,190 

8,998 
66 
1,454 
1,454 
1,533 
565 
1,262 
822 
1,379 
463 

3,481 
831 
1,333 

848 
469 

4,453 
342 
1,009 
991 
2,111 

2,201 
237 
247 
101 
693 
143 
145 
540 
95 

5,888 
1,172 
693 
4,023 


3,154 
166 
96 
149 
2,358 
153 
232 

9,663 
6,044 
499 
3,120 

9,264 
3,127 
977 
2,801 
1,468 
891 

4,694 
1,093 
948 
856 
200 
176 
569 
852 

5,356 
55 
586 
536 
644 
443 
993 
787 
916 
396 

2,186 
502 
671 
616 
397 

3,507 

230 
658 
825 
1,794 

1, 374 

163 
137 
58 
438 
92 
114 
311 
61 

3,869 
749 
433 
2,687 


73, 915 
2,938 
3,957 
2,165 
42,399 
2,645 
19, 811 

131, 329 
79,327 
11, 159 
40,843 

107, 813 
28,980 
15, 624 
32,384 
17,786 
12,539 

60,971 
13, 618 
13,164 
15, 194 
2,416 
2,449 
6,245 
7,885 

64,651 
1,053 
12,200 
5,297 
11,950 
3,464 
11, 352 
5,106 
9,032 
5,197 

25, 270 
6,144 
11,333 
4,348 
3,445 

36, 838 
2,976 
6,952 
6,353 
20, 557 

17,888 
1,997 
2,130 
1,246 
5,713 
1,467 
1,817 
2,882 
631 

45, 462 
6,034 
4,557 
34, 871 


65,224 
2,864 
4,042 
2,504 
37, 022 
2,874 
15, 918 

117, 438 
67, 578 
9,630 
40,230 

90,380 
23,683 
13,292 
28,525 
14, 846 
10,034 

50, 784 
13,800 
11, 602 
11, 175 
1,323 
1,772 
4,773 
6,339 

53, 209 
781 
9,244 
4,586 
9,910 
3,013 
9,862 
4,090 
7,123 
4,600 

20,590 
5,541 
7,569 
4,102 
3,378 

30, 765 
2,571 
5,159 
5,364 
17, 671 

14, 248 
1,578 
1,662 
880 
4,652 
1,189 
1,408 
2,259 
620 

41, 889 
4,587 
3,716 
33,586 


81 


604 


249 






1,572 
705 
70 
797 

3,279 
813 
323 
1,374 
393 
376 

2,884 
1,096 
608 
593 


842 
479 
57 
306 

2,142 
156 
560 
719 
686 
21 

1,208 
318 
159 
336 


24 

478 
85 

1,280 
99 
236 
63 
92 
35 
205 
26 
477 
47 

1,401 

834 
316 
142 
109 

1,071 

165 
106 
367 
433 

590 
42 
38 


54 
128 
213 

1,313 

118 
26 
91 
156 
82 
311 
50 
387 
92 

1,534 
895 
334 
86 
219 

1,333 

166 
159 
316 
692 

544 
35 
22 


21 


6 
11 
17 
56 
31 

264 
10 

168 

81 

147 
24 
20 
10 
43 


1,062 
428 
389 
967 
40 
5,089 
845 
1,754 
2,490 


42 
209 
22 
237 


216 


47 
29 
5 

2,388 
316 
99 
1,973 


38 

1 

1,181 

75 
74 
1,032 


23 
248 


926 

455 
206 
265 


290 
93 






60 
225 


39 
278 










13 
103 


152 


196 
811 


162 
648 


37 


21 


31 


63 










9 


( 


623 


701 










116 


89 


787 


952 









3 No report for 1932 or 1934. 

Source: Office of Education, Department of the Interior. 



116 



EDUCATION 



No. 121. UNIVERSITIES, COLLEGES (INCLUDING JUNIOR COLLEGES), 
AND PROFESSIONAL SCHOOLS: LIBRARIES AND OTHER PROPERTY 

[All money figures in thousands of dollars] 



Division and State 
or Territory 


Volumes in libraries 


Value of libra- 
ries, scientific 
apparatus, ma- 
chinery, and 
furniture 


Value of grounds, 
buildings, and 
dormitories 


Endowment funds ' 


1932 


1934 


1932 


1934 


1932 


1934 


1930 


1932 


1934 


Cont'lTT.S 
New England 


48, 682, 136 


53, 345, 630 


319, 997 


335, 254 


1, 686, 817 


1, 714, 573 


1, 347, 676 


1, 365, 635 


1,458,108 


9, 049, 102 
442,843 
340, 434 
236,276 
4, 975, 922 
504, 569 
2, 549, 058 

9, 000, 200 
4, 334, 721 
1, 427, 889 
3, 237, 590 

10, 149, 313 
3, 047, 178 
1,058,211 
3, 436, 934 
, 395, 153 
, 211, 837 

, 724, 280 
, 369, 362 
, 192, 158 
, 469, 415 
178, 544 
257, 604 
521, 176 
736, 021 

5, 102, 357 
44,923 
926, 398 
571, 752 
957, 910 
236, 321 
1, 035, 385 
422, 399 
626, 824 
280, 445 

1, 858, 983 
625, 874 
688,687 
304, 134 
240,288 

2, 327, 426 
241, 723 
318, 190 
352, 076 
1, 415, 437 

1, 588, 130 
247, 856 
125, 574 
110, 039 
578, 332 
81, 721 
106,900 
283,371 
54,337 

3, 882, 345 
694, 165 
532,086 
2, 656, 094 


8, 804, 280 
479, 124 
497, 100 
255, 561 
4, 169, 716 
499, 443 
2, 903, 336 

10, 908, 763 
6, 015, 858 
1, 506, Oil 
3, 386, 894 

11,180,787 
3, 255, 638 
1, 128, 891 
3, 769, 705 
1, 535, 664 
1, 490, 889 

6, 015, 606 
1, 357, 493 
1, 405, 152 
1,417,861 
188, 459 
253, 307 
572, 078 
821, 256 

5, 717, 335 
68,298 
934, 132 
595, 399 
1, 040, 124 
390,610 
1, 166, 414 
510, 782 
711, 536 
300, 040 

1, 901, 320 

569, 729 
714, 781 
338. 523 
278, 287 

2, 694, 012 
260, 545 
465, 559 
430, 504 
1, 537, 404 

1, 736, 594 

207, 568 
144, 759 
116, 200 
639, 771 
93, 424 
115,678 
321, 194 
98,000 

4, 386, 933 
789, 114 
573, 987 
3, 023, 832 


31, 780 
1,796 
1,698 
540 
12, 730 
505 
14, 511 

59, 329 

29,255 
4,181 
25,893 

70, 979 
21,086 
8,750 
17, 717 
15,541 
7,885 

44, 826 
9,587 
10,298 
11,562 
1,519 
2,064 
3,782 
6,014 

36, 073 
1,030 
5,703 
2,340 
5,221 
2,078 
7,929 
4,257 
4,670 
2,845 

12, 830 
3,178 
4,697 
2,185 
2,770 

22,100 
1,912 
4,043 
3,935 
12, 210 

11, 561 
1,400 
1,048 
1,036 
3,891 
889 
1,114 
1,763 
420 

30, 519 
4,637 
4,318 
21,564 


33, 755 
1,816 
1,536 
652 
13, 686 
373 
15, 692 

65, 705 
39, 261 
2,443 
24, 001 

66, 359 
18, 576 
7,237 
16, 379 
16, 438 
7,729 

47, 388 
10, 323 
10,229 
11, 108 
1,835 
2,125 
3,631 
8,137 

36, 046 

1,075 
3,851 
2,372 
5,524 
2,449 
8,567 
3,782 
5,422 
3,004 

13,907 
4,018 
4,812 
2,096 
2,981 

26, 024 
2,041 
4,437 
4,927 
14, 619 

11, 701 
1,387 
1,142 
764 
3,834 
952 
1,414 
1,763 
445 

34, 369 
4,118 
4,687 
25,564 


167, 711 

6,841 
12,586 
4,149 
70, 387 
8,922 
64, 826 

430, 003 
249, 903 
29, 115 
150, 985 

338, 225 
103, 370 
42, 573 
103,837 
57,266 
31, 179 

178, 395 
42, 386 
38,447 
50, 174 
4,383 
6,509 
15, 107 
21, 389 

233, 397 
3,180 
50,240 
15, 893 
35, 372 
12, 435 
57, 616 
19, 510 
29, 175 
9,976 

80, 188 
19, 860 
32,288 
14, 638 
13,402 

97, 087 
7,804 
20,070 
14,523 
54,690 

41,290 
5,021 
3,166 
2,366 
15, 965 
3,482 
2,633 
6,708 
1,949 

120, 521 
18,888 
12, 461 
89, 172 


172, 174 
7,134 
12, 798 
6,111 
70, 510 
7,865 
67,756 

432, 543 
253, 231 
29,709 
149, 603 

349, 078 
98,396 
39, 673 
117,608 
62, 433 
30, 968 

174, 312 
43, 817 
38, 521 
44, 917 
4,231 
6,377 
14, 971 
21, 478 

244, 100 
3,315 
59,928 
16, 130 
35, 978 
14,664 
55, 291 
18,919 
30, 317 
9,558 

77, 086 
18, 697 
31, 075 
14,581 
12,733 

104, 465 
7,363 
22,594 
14, 345 
60,163 

41, 130 
5,204 
3,451 
1,911 
15,985 
3,007 
2, 510 
7,085 
1,977 

119,685 
14, 033 
12, 246 
93, 406 


346, 694 
10, 438 
16, 153 
6,136 
211, 230 
10, 870 
91, 867 

812, 096 

208, 265 
15, 128 
88, 703 

249, 182 
84, 983 
20,577 
118,890 
12,308 
12,424 

91, 250 
19, 819 
14, 346 
34,068 
4,696 
3,708 
6,642 
7,971 

123, 186 
681 
31, 218 
6,137 
23,253 
3,222 
35,286 
5,054 
15, 497 
2,838 

57, 249 
17,100 
29,949 
6,267 
3,933 

64, 895 
2,190 
12, 958 
4,989 
44,758 

16, 964 
3,025 
2,509 
2,318 
5,836 
736 
728 
1,477 
335 

86, 160 
9,988 
5,371 
70, 801 


362, 613 

10, 772 
13, 697 
6,170 
228,954 
10, 554 
92, 466 

316, 460 

187, 599 
37, 867 
90, 994 

237, 704 

82, 539 
17, 175 
112, 978 
13,123 
11,889 

92, 051 
20, 619 
12, 821 
34, 214 
4,287 
3,774 
8,581 
7,755 

133, 877 
604 
34, 562 
6,191 
29, 910 
2,947 
35, 545 
5,055 
16, 278 
2,785 

57, 412 
17, 177 
29,924 
7,303 
3,008 

76, 268 
2,427 

12, 874 
4,838 
56, 124 

16, 569 
3,484 
2,860 
2,406 
5,581 
755 
709 
429 
345 

72, 686 
5,301 
5,539 
61, 846 


378, 980 
11,570 
17,433 
7,988 
229, 462 
10, 429 
102, 098 

365, 421 
221,820 
43,541 
100,060 

232, 577 
75, 461 
19,007 
112,880 
12, 984 
12, 245 

94, 308 
22, 058 
14, 444 
34, 438 
4,304 
3,943 
8,110 
7,011 

149, 577 
612 
34, 827 
7,953 
35,429 
2,756 
40, 961 
4,856 
19, 559 
2,624 

58, 532 
16,932 
30, 902 
7,630 
3,068 

76, 137 
2,298 
11,332 
4,483 
58,024 

16,455 
3,587 
2,734 
2,525 
5,900 
791 
44 
558 
316 

86,120 
9,910 
5,726 
70,484 


Maine- - 


New Hampshire. _ 
Vermont 


Massachusetts 
Rhode Island 
Connecticut 


Middle Atlantic 
New York 


New Jersey 


Pennsylvania 

East North Central __ 
Ohio.... 


Indiana 


Illinois 


Michigan . 


Wisconsin 


West North Central _ 
Minnesota 


Iowa 


Missouri 


North Dakota 
South Dakota 
Nebraska... 


Kansas 


South Atlantic 


Delaware 


Maryland 


Dist. of Columbia 
Virginia 


West Virginia 
North Carolina. _- 
South Carolina 
Georgia 


Florida 


East South Central .. 
Kentucky 


Tennessee -. 


Alabama 


Mississippi 


West South Central- 
Arkansas _ 


{Louisiana 


Oklahoma 


/Texas 


Mountain 


Montana 


Idaho- 


Wyoming 


Colorado 


New Mexico 


Arizona 


Utah.. 


Nevada 


Pacific 


Washington 
Oregon. 


California 


Alaska Territory-- 
Hawaii Territory 


11,534 
71, 389 
34, 497 


11,534 
77, 462 
42, 731 


227 
583 
482 


239 
615 
557 


275 
2,225 
894 


397 
1,614 
1,134 


50 
6 
335 








7 
608 


Puerto Rico 


450 





1 Figures for 1930 include student-aid funds and annuity funds which are excluded from figures for 1932 
and 1934. 

Source: Office of Education, Department of the Interior. 



EDUCATION 



117 



No. 122. STUDENTS ENROLLED IN PROFESSIONAL SCHOOLS, BOTH INDE- 
PENDENT AND UNIVERSITY SCHOOLS, INCLUDING TEACHER-TRAINING 
INSTITUTIONS, 1934 

NOTE. Students pursuing courses in professions other than those shown in the table are as follows: 
Architecture, 3,742; fine arts, 3,050; forestry, 2,175; journalism, 2,357; library science, 969; music, 9.677; 
veterinary medicine, 1,409; all other, 19,083. For total students classified as professional in universities, 
colleges, and professional schools, see table 120. There are also some professional students in arts and 
science courses, which are not included in this table 



Division and State or 
outlying area 


Agri- 
culture 


Com- 
merce 
and 
busi- 
ness 


Den- 
tistry 


Educa- 
tion 


Engi- 
neer- 
ing 


Home 
eco- 
nom- 
ics 


Law 


Medi- 
cine 


Nurs- 
ing 


Phar- 
macy 


Theol- 
ogy 


Continental U. S 


13, 377 


64,995 


7,554 


197,411 


65,406 


10,485 


36,445 


24,741 


6,330 


7,813 


11,477 


New England 


524 


5,593 


414 


9,888 


6,113 


459 


4,659 


1,681 


111 


530 


1,472 


Maine 


134 






1,112 


455 


111 










52 


^6w Hampshire 


89 


87 




658 


373 


86 




41 








Vermont 


45 






185 


249 


71 




170 








M assachusetts 


187 


5,294 


414 


6,126 


4,624 


40 


4,320 


1,256 




340 


1,097 


Rhode Inland 


69 


212 




564 


265 


151 








90 












1,243 


147 




339 


214 


111 


100 


323 


Middle Atlantic 


2,135 


25, 599 


1,935 


48, 205 


16,408 


1,772 


9,449 


5,425 


522 


2,598 


3,163 


New York . 


1,435 


19, 966 


909 


27,748 


8,784 


1,158 


7,546 


2,894 


22/) 


1,547 


1,606 


New Jersev 


213 


212 




3,396 


1,998 




589 






288 


463 


Pennsylvania 


487 


5,421 


1,026 


17,061 


5,626 


614 


1,314 


2,531 


302 


763 


1,094 


East North Central 
Ohio 


2,231 
683 


17,242 
6,974 


1,728 
305 


37, 782 
9,551 


14,256 
4,250 


2,197 
803 


7,533 
1,449 


5,532 
991 


2,000 
535 


1,611 
494 


2,409 
621 


Indiana 


294 


1,295 


152 


4,502 


2,744 


366 


790 


479 


192 


280 


79 


Illinois 


526 


7,474 


831 


8,666 


2,255 


310 


3,240 


2,457 


997 


370 


1,394 


Michigan 


273 


875 


271 


7,225 


3,668 


402 


1,393 


929 


199 


467 


45 


Wisconsin 


455 


624 


169 


7,838 


1,339 


316 


661 


676 


77 




270 


West North Central. __ 
Minnesota 


2,367 

418 


3,171 
526 


1,140 
221 


25, 995 
5,768 


6,763 
1,801 


2,396 
469 


3,154 
559 


3,502 
1,045 


1,597 
670 


850 
153 


1,661 
382 


Iowa 


663 


277 


151 


2,046 


1,541 


830 


321 


355 


210 


135 


105 


Missouri.. 


40 


564 


595 


6,333 


958 


149 


1,323 


996 


339 


195 


840 


North Dakota 


^7 


90 




3,608 


441 


188 


86 


68 




85 




South Dakota 


104 


28 




1,222 


323 


104 


78 


56 




65 




Nebraska 


245 


1,024 


173 


3,785 


549 


218 


511 


656 


282 


165 


62 


Kansas 


350 


662 




3,233 


1,150 


438 


276 


326 


96 


52 


272 


South Atlantic 


1,479 


2,460 


1,026 


18, 228 


5,910 


820 


4,809 


3,453 


592 


722 


1,049 


Delaware 


26 






45 


150 


65 












Maryland 


226 


109 


377 


2,985 


670 


121 


199 


756 


124 


329 


225 


Dist of Columbia 




117 


251 


1,191 


499 




2,980 


1,048 




44 


183 


Virginia 


341 


364 


126 


3,709 


1,199 


148 


445 


602 


261 


127 


246 


West Virginia 


126 






3,420 


354 


138 


148 


132 




30 




North Carolina 


142 


877 




4,150 


830 




287 


375 


90 


87 


145 


South Carolina 


313 


252 




184 


511 




99 


162 


117 


67 


36 


Georgia 


103 


96 


272 


1,594 


1,309 


161 


339 


378 




26 


214 


Florida 


202 


645 




950 


388 


187 


312 






12 




East South Central 
Kentucky 


795 
133 


2,067 
398 


261 
125 


15, 707 
6,082 


2,530 
486 


685 
99 


1,318 
365 


1,315 
347 


325 


201 

65 


439 
337 


Tennessee . 


263 


294 


136 


5,478 


486 


366 


594 


796 


325 


56 


102 


Alabama 


90 


939 




3,115 


1,245 


188 


264 


123 




45 




Mississippi 


309 


436 




1,032 


313 


32 


95 


49 




35 




West South Central..-. 

Arkansas 


1,594 
101 


2,751 
99 


299 


18,564 
1,182 


5,554 
210 


792 
126 


1,807 
177 


2,014 
200 


550 


274 


625 
30 


Louisiana.. .. 


272 


623 


148 


2,533 


809 


156 


310 


857 


95 


82 




Oklahoma 


370 


1,539 




8,008 


1,604 


269 


311 


243 


79 


106 


194 


Texas 


851 


490 


151 


6,841 


2,931 


241 


1,009 


714 


376 


86 


401 


Mountain 


1 098 


1 983 




7 644 


3 754 


775 


641 


330 


46 


220 


50 


Montana 


97 


265 




935 


525 


125 


71 






60 




Idaho 


178 


206 




1,087 


266 




55 






100 




Wyoming 


83 






292 


137 


47 


44 










Colorado 


181 


956 




1,968 


1,472 


223 


261 


210 


46 


60 


50 


New Mexico 


87 


60 




951 


376 


52 












Arizona 


85 






1,815 


284 


67 


118 










Utah.. 


362 


496 




596 


501 


221 


92 


120 








Nevada 


25 








193 


40 












Pacific 


1 154 


4 129 


751 


15 398 


4 118 


589 


3 075 


1 489 


587 


807 


609 


Washington 


274 


1,346 




2,180 


1,582 


219 


497 






259 




Oregon 
California 


203 
677 


544 
2,239 


201 

550 


1,477 
11, 741 


464 
2,072 


370 


295 
2 283 


252 
1,237 


411 
176 


158 
390 


160 
449 


























Alaska. _. 


7 


39 




4 


44 


5 












Hawaii 


74 






338 


72 


61 












Philippine Islands.. . 








1,657 
















Puerto Rico.. 


165 


216 




408 


189 


142 


76 






89 





























Source: Office of Education, Department of the Interior. 



118 



EDUCATION 



No. 123. STUDENTS ENROLLED IN AND GRADUATING FROM CURRICULA 
PREPARATORY TO TEACHING, IN INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION 

NOTE. Includes students enrolled in educational courses in schools of arts and sciences as well as 
students enrolled in professional schools and teacher-training institutions 



Division and State 
or outlying area 


Students in regular session 


Graduates 


1933 


1934 


1932 


1934 


Total 


Teach- 
ers' 
colleges 
and 
normal 
schools 


Univer- 
sities, 
colleges, 
and pro- 
fessional 
schools ! 


Total 


Teach- 
ers' 
colleges 
and 
normal 
schools 


Univer- 
sities, 
colleges, 
and pro- 
fessional 
schools l 


With 
degrees 


With- 
out 
degrees 


With 
degrees 


With- 
out 

degrees 


Continental U. S . 
New England 


338, 514 


154,956 


183, 558 


287, 571 


123, 246 


164, 325 


31; 306 


36, 607 


32, 227 


22, 305 


14, 588 
2,043 
1,394 
1,131 
7,933 
666 
1,421 

73, 309 
44, 362 
4,103 
24,844 

64, 494 
16, 895 
8,893 
16,188 
11,456 
11,062 

46, 134 
9,001 
5,347 
11, 191 
3,429 
3,026 
7,494 
6,646 

37, 065 

304 
2,975 
2,027 
5,899 
6,597 
8,803 
3,070 
4,917 
2,473 

31, 182 
10, 162 
10, 874 
6,103 
4,043 

32, 172 

2,852 
3,404 
10,003 
15, 913 

12,313 
1,519 
1,570 
315 
3,344 
1,134 
1,999 
2,326 
106 

27, 257 
6,178 
3,448 
17, 631 


8,512 
1,489 
852 
283 
4,129 
606 
1,153 

26, 817 
11, 523 
3,487 
11,807 

31, 888 
2,591 
4,457 
9,269 
7,419 
8,152 

23, 687 
4,172 
2,407 
7,370 
2,506 
1,382 
2,489 
3,361 

13, 486 


6,076 

554 
542 
848 
3,804 
60 
268 

46, 492 
32, 839 
616 
13, 037 

32,606 
14,304 
4,436 
6,919 
4,037 
2,910 

22, 447 
4,829 
2,940 
3,821 
923 
1,644 
5,005 
3,285 

23, 579 
304 
1,941 
1,277 
2,907 
1,854 
5,419 
3,070 
4,334 
2,473 

15, 992 
3,740 
5,898 
3,575 
2,779 

14, 663 
1,782 
2, 051 
2,434 
8,396 

6,518 
600 
1,009 
315 
1,065 
514 
583 
2,326 
106 

15, 185 
4,105 
2,082 
8,998 


14, 129 

1,654 
1,025 
665 
8,683 
765 
1,337 

64,789 
38, 293 
4,521 
21, 975 

53, 549 
16,011 
7,771 
11, 578 
8,535 
9,654 

38, 993 
8,684 
5,300 
7,757 
2,909 
2,430 
5,425 
6,488 

30, 240 
307 
1,690 
2,387 
4,752 
4,721 
7,773 
2,869 
3,397 
2,344 

25, 377 
9,492 
7,087 
6,634 
2,164 

26, 493 
2,375 
3,801 
6,977 
13, 340 

13, 585 
1,673 
2,298 
292 
3,578 
1,115 
1,884 
2,488 
257 

20, 416 
3,408 
1,821 
15, 187 


8,107 
1,073 
658 
185 
4.465 
545 
1,181 
21, 369 
8,325 
3,293 
9,751 

21, 038 
250 
3,600 
6,022 
4,636 
6,530 

19, 150 
3,665 
1,736 
4,956 
2,319 
1,084 
2,598 
2,792 

11,013 


6,022 
581 
367 
480 
4,218 
220 
156 

43, 420 
29, 968 
1,228 
12, 224 

32, 511 
15, 761 
4,171 
5,556 
3,899 
3,124 

19, 843 
5,019 
3,564 
2,801 
590 
1,346 
2,827 
3,696 

19, 227 
307 
900 
1,711 
1,936 
2,432 
3,801 
2,869 
2,927 
2,344 

11,387 
4,158 
2,530 
3,532 
1,167 

13, 495 
1,396 
2,498 
1,784 
7,817 
8,221 
796 
1,660 
292 
1,587 
631 
510 
2,488 
257 

10, 199 
1,840 
932 
7,427 


1,171 
33 
51 


2,405 
628 
209 
171 
996 


1,609 
17 

45 


1,453 
358 
148 
30 

678 


Maine 


New Hampshire 
Vermont 


Massachusetts . _ 
Rhode Island ... 
Connecticut 

Middle Atlantic... . 
New York 


838 
195 
54 

7,930 

4,984 
569 
2,377 

6,814 
1,753 
890 
1,184 
1,780 
1,207 

4,236 
736 
366 
1,342 
320 
69 
618 
785 

1,856 
6 
118 
123 
392 
403 
404 
31 
189 
190 

2,094 
576 
929 
374 
215 

3,089 
206 
323 
1,261 
1,299 

1,191 
22 
123 
36 
443 
125 
248 
194 


1,217 
169 
161 

8,719 
4,919 
616 
3,184 

6,504 
1,728 
812 
1,151 
1,545 
1,268 

3,829 
731 
292 
1,250 
305 
75 
541 
635 

2,215 
12 
117 
199 
459 
485 
401 
88 
248 
206 

2,003 

678 
759 
385 
181 

3,425 
167 
353 
1,411 
1,494 

1,352 
38 
136 
50 
449 
158 
350 
171 


401 

5,718 
2,601 
506 
2,611 

7,647 
1,880 
847 
1,328 
1,962 
1,630 

7,809 
1,303 
997 
1,459 
1,313 
1,101 
686 
950 

3,539 
27 
442 
42 
840 
770 
653 
32 
451 
282 

1,978 
1,057 
97 
735 
89 

3,639 
280 

482 
2,128 
749 

1,815 
333 
446 
67 
397 
4 
224 
344 


239 

3,961 
1,740 
882 
1,339 

4,430 
967 
789 
807 
746 
1,121 

4,948 
1,053 
678 
614 
497 
720 
438 
948 

2,912 
7 
340 
7 
921 
234 
762 
3 
307 
329 

1,515 
976 
99 
318 
122 

502 

85 
277 
7 
133 

1,334 
342 
328 
43 
310 
9 
143 
144 
15 

1,250 
626 
430 
194 


New Jersey 


Pennsylvania- .- 

East North Central- 
Ohio 


Indiana 


Illinois 


Michigan 


Wisconsin 


West North CentraL 
Minnesota 


Iowa 


Missouri 


North Dakota- 
South Dakota 
Nebraska 


Kansas 


South Atlantic 


Delaware 


Maryland 


1,034 
750 
2,992 
4,743 
3,384 


790 
676 
2,816 
2,289 
3,972 


Dist. of Col... 


Virginia _ 


West Virginia 
North Carolina . 
South Carolina- 
Georgia 


583 


470 


Florida 


East South Central. 
Kentucky . 


15,190 
6,422 
4,976 
2,528 
1,264 

17, 509 
1,070 
1,353 
7,569 
7,517 

5,795 
919 
561 


13, 990 
5,334 
4,557 
3,102 
997 

12, 998 
979 
1, 303 
5,193 
5,523 

5,364 
877 
638 


Tennessee 


Alabama. ... 


Mississippi. .. 


West South CentraL 
Arkansas . 


Louisiana 


Oklahoma 


Texas 


Mountain 


Montana 


Idaho 


Wyoming 


Colorado 


2.279 
620 
1,416 


1,991 
484 
1,374 


New Mexico 
Arizona .. 


Utah 


Nevada 






Pacific. . 


12, 072 
2,073 
1,366 
8,633 


10, 217 
1,568 
889 
7,760 


2,925 
370 
121 
2,434 


2,057 
1,218 
823 
16 


2,571 
290 
99 
2,182 


Washington 
Oregon 
California.. 


Alaska... 


19 
569 
101 
994 




19 
569 
101 
994 


26 
293 
1,657 
598 




26 
293 










Hawaii 






80 





86 


""679 


Philippine Is 
Puerto Rico 




1,657 




598 


58 


74 


41 











1 Including junior colleges. 

Source: Office of Education, Department of the Interior. 



EDUCATION 



119 



No. 124. TEACHERS' COLLEGES AND NORMAL SCHOOLS: NUMBER OP 
SCHOOLS, TEACHERS, STUDENTS, AND GRADUATES 



Division and State 
or outlying area 


Num- 
ber, 
1934 


Teachers 


Students 1 


Graduates, 
1934 


1930 


1932 


19342 


1930 


1932 


1934 


With- 
out 
degrees 


Bacca- 
laure- 
ate 
degree 


Male 


Female 


Male 


Female 


Continental U. S._. 
New England 


252 


11, 977 


11,615 


4,322 


6,238 


176,462 


164,364 


45,206 


90,978 


18, 749 


16,803 


38 
7 
3 
2 

17 
1 
8 

43 

18 
7 
18 

44 

1 
4 

12 
9 
18 

34 

8 
1 
9 
5 
4 
5 
2 

SO 

5 
3 
6 
6 

8 


910 
110 

85 
10 
468 
31 
206 

2,136 
1,023 
262 
851 

2,586 
201 
245 
722 
854 
564 

1,787 
289 
194 
454 
205 
168 
205 
272 

1,101 
82 
68 
360 
225 
147 
53 
166 

990 
297 
261 
335 
97 

1,144 
66 
147 
374 

557 

473 
60 
60 
163 
83 
89 
18 

850 
200 
145 
505 


1,047 
129 
107 
21 
426 
102 
262 

2,019 
901 
272 
846 

2,281 
209 
284 
643 
617 
548 

1,865 
289 
172 
464 
206 
209 
241 
284 

1,104 
119 
103 
251 
288 
233 


214 
23 
33 

1 
105 
15 
37 

623 
229 
86 
308 

889 
5 
156 
273 
211 
244 

746 
116 
75 
188 
77 
74 
100 
116 

315 

15 
21 

78 
88 
96 


775 
91 
59 
16 
321 
90 
198 

1,163 
441 
175 
547 

1,126 
8 
128 
396 
295 
299 

943 
205 
85 
215 
115 
86 
129 
108 

647 

104 
83 
201 
82 
156 


8,351 
1,349 
903 
123 
4,072 
609 
1,295 

29,804 
14, 655 
3,500 
11,649 

35, 613 
2,335 
4,680 
9,844 
11,753 
7,001 

24, 977 
3,621 
2,840 
7,468 
2,885 
1,979 
2,440 
3,744 

16,938 
1,325 
742 
4,750 
5,199 
2,590 
340 
1,992 

20,573 

6,677 
5,944 
5,448 
2,504 

19, 650 
1,120 
1,780 
8,181 
8,569 

5,961 
694 
841 
2,455 
761 
999 
211 

14, 595 
2,776 
2,049 
9,770 


8,567 
1,479 
852 
283 
4,194 
606 
1,153 

27,080 
11,786 
3,487 
11,807 

31,821 
2,953 
4,537 
8,346 
7,527 
8,458 

26,490 
4,172 
2,410 
9,038 
2,764 
1,638 
2,649 
3,819 

15,077 
1,034 
750 
3,020 
5,649 
3,384 


890 
241 
120 
10 
364 
48 
107 

5,895 
1,967 
745 
3,183 

9,990 
16 
1,644 
2,938 
2,010 
3,382 

7,386 
1,060 
592 
1,978 
1,013 
457 
923 
1,363 

2,539 
148 
151 
80 
1,037 
840 


7,242 
832 
538 
175 
4,064 
497 
1,136 

15, 593 
6,441 
2,551 
6,601 

14,089 
234 
2,047 
4,806 
2,768 
4,234 

14,034 
2,729 
1,172 
3,606 
2,371 
791 
1,772 
1,593 

9,465 
742 
712 
2,960 
1,432 
3,132 


1,610 
368 
148 
121 
668 


1,044 


Maine 


New Hampshire- 
Vermont 


45 


Massachusetts- .- 
Rhode Island 
Connecticut.. .. 


673 
165 
161 

2,580 
675 
306 
1,549 

2,952 
10 
507 
570 
876 
989 

2,383 

294 
243 
920 
171 
60 
271 
424 

1,169 


305 

4,115 
1,550 
782 
1,783 

3,082 


Middle Atlantic. .- 
New York 


New Jersey. 


Pennsylvania 

East North Central- 
Ohio 


Indiana 


418 
864 
578 
1,222 

4,268 
1,044 
305 
478 
966 
639 
346 
490 

2,438 
383 
32 
800 
476 
687 


Illinois 


Michigan 


Wisconsin 


West North Central- 
Minnesota 


Iowa 


Missouri 


North Dakota. _. 
South Dakota... 
Nebraska .. 


Kansas 


South Atlantic 
Maryland 


Dist. of Col 


95 
371 
308 
369 


Virginia. _ 


West Virginia 
North Carolina. . 
South Carolina 


Georgia..- 


2 

20 

5 
6 
7 
2 

17 
2 

2 
6 

7 

11 
2 
2 
3 
2 
2 


110 

1,032 
360 
358 
222 
92 

1,020 
83 
97 
338 
502 

460 
53 
68 
168 
67 
104 


17 

454 
156 
137 
122 
39 

521 
34 

45 
196 
246 

210 
20 
22 
85 
34 
49 


21 

482 
193 
104 
142 
43 

446 
35 
76 
110 
225 

201 

23 
33 
59 
35 
51 


1,240 

16, 586 
7,172 
5,066 
3,055 
1,293 

18,754 
1,070 
1,399 
8,289 
7,996 

6,260 
919 
624 
2,455 
712 
1,550 


283 

5,257 
2,292 
1,457 
1,194 
314 

5,761 
429 
352 
2,350 
2,630 

2,074 
200 
244 
771 
185 
674 


487 

8,927 
3,365 
3,124 
1,739 
699 

10,004 
609 
951 
4,560 
3,884 

3,610 
698 
394 
1,467 
330 
721 


60 

1,095 
721 
85 
288 
1 

259 


26 

1,368 
548 
454 
187 
179 

2,803 
137 
142 
1,144 
1,380 

668 
23 


East South Central- 
Kentucky 


Tennessee 


Alabama 


Mississippi 


West South Central- 
Arkansas 


Louisiana .. 


174 

85 


Oklahoma 


Texas 


Mountain 


913 

342 
211 
245 
9 
106 


Montana 


Idaho 


Colorado 


322 
73 
250 


New Mexico 
Arizona 


Utah 


Pacific 


15 
4 
3 
8 


787 
194 
155 
438 


350 
71 
28 
251 


455 
115 
70 
270 


18, 729 
2,153 
1,532 
10,044 


5,414 
682 
438 
4,294 


8,014 
1,178 
697 
6,139 


969 
539 
430 


1,386 
118 


Washington 
Oregon 


California 


1,268 


Hawaii. . 






74 








1,482 












Philippine Islands- 


1 


18 


( 3 ) 


30 


59 


169 


() 


447 


1,210 


679 







1 Regular session only. 

3 Represents total number reduced to full-time basis; including administrative officers, extension serv- 
ice, and organized research in addition to the regular force. 
3 No report. 

Source: Office of Education, Department of the Interior. 



120 EDUCATION 

No. 125. NURSE TRAINING, COMMERCIAL, SUMMER, AND REFORM SCHOOLS 



Division and State or out- 
lying area 


Nurse-training 
schools, 1931 


Commercial 
schools, 1933 


Summer schools, 
students, 1933 


Reform schools, 
1932 


Schools 


Students 


Schools 


Students 


Normal 
schools, 
etc. 1 


Univer- 
sities, 
etc.z 


Schools 


Students 


Continental United States 
New England 


1,844 


100,419 


651 


102, 286 


86, 721 


217, 033 


146 


57, 259 


208 
32 
23 
12 
102 
14 
25 

358 
152 
52 
154 

330 
80 
32 
134 
48 
36 

251 
59 
46 
39 
17 
19 
19 
52 

275 
6 
28 
12 
45 
40 
59 
28 
39 
18 

134 
31 
30 
36 
37 

132 
23 
17 
22 
70 

63 
16 
10 
6 
20 
2 
3 
6 


11,886 
903 
766 
358 
6.668 
1,396 
1,795 

24,683 
11, 724 
3,148 
9,811 

22, 144 
5,389 
2,132 
7,466 
3,676 
3,481 

12,264 
3.776 
2,240 
2,176 
727 
541 
1,212 
1,592 

10, 338 

219 
1,778 
1,183 
1,661 
1,116 
1.660 
808 
1,235 
678 

4,244 
1,071 
1,351 
1,155 
667 

5,009 
503 
1,048 
789 
2,669 

2,878 
551 
272 
167 
1,206 
61 
178 
441 


60 
5 
4 
1 
26 
7 
17 

148 

71 
24 
53 

123 
38 
18 
31 
23 
13 

70 
14 
13 
11 
8 
3 
3 
18 

67 
1 
6 
5 
10 
6 
10 
7 
10 
12 

41 
13 
17 
5 
6 

57 
6 
5 
15 
31 

16 
3 
1 


13, 885 
484 
633 
60 
5,822 
4,789 
2,097 

27, 280 
15,024 
2,548 
9,708 

17, 929 
6,138 
2,106 
5,482 
3,204 
999 

9,968 
1,579 
1,744 
2,063 
620 
333 
519 
3,110 

7,173 
55 
737 
1,763 
1,000 
945 
596 
239 
1,069 
769 

4,122 
1,300 
1,591 
600 
631 

6,944 
500 
208 
2,979 
3,257 

4,012 
913 
178 


1,043 
96 
157 


7,317 
531 
302 
1,026 
' 5, 213 
120 
125 

53, 452 
35, 548 
2,122 
15, 782 

44,810 
13,999 
5,048 
14, 839 
6,327 
4,097 

23, 103 

4,525 
5,137 
4,945 
358 
914 
3,355 
3,869 

28, 228 
456 

2,073 
2,512 
4,755 
3,404 
5,822 
1,932 
4,467 
2,807 

12, 619 

4,296 
3,383 
3,433 
1,507 

24, 445 
1,476 
3,954 
4,647 
14, 368 

7,770 
710 
588 
624 
3,167 
662 
308 
1,711 


16 
2 
1 
1 
7 
2 
3 

26 

14 
4 
8 

18 
3 
2 

7 
4 
2 

15 
3 
3 
3 

1 
3 
1 

*, 

7 
2 
4 
2 
4 
3 
3 
3 

8 
1 
4 
2 
1 

8 
1 
1 
2 
4 

12 
2 
1 
2 
2 
3 
1 


5,733 
371 

287 
347 
2,867 
622 
1,239 

15,711 
8,811 
1,748 
5, 152 

9,729 

1,686 
908 
4,755 
1,620 
760 

4,833 
1,357 
1,071 
964 
250 
213 
723 
255 

9,114 
374 
2,618 
909 
874 
631 
1,392 
588 
411 
1,317 

4,802 
2,051 
1,519 
X805 
427 

2,725 
547 
310 
576 
1,292 

2,045 
267 
603 
123 
525 
254 
166 


Maine 


New Hampshire 


VflTnnnt, 


Massachusetts 


294 
474 
22 

9,642 
5,063 
726 
3,853 

16, 779 
198 
2,844 
5,860 
2,878 
4,999 

16, 978 

2,381 
1,186 
5,583 
2,015 
948 
2,733 
2,132 

7,818 


Rhode Island 


Connecticut .. 


Middle Atlantic.... 


New York 


New Jersey 


Pennsylvania- . 


East North Central... 


Ohio 


Indiana 


Illinois 


Michigan 


Wisconsin 


West North Central .. 


Minnesota 


Iowa 


Missouri 


North Dakota 


South Dakota 


Nebraska 


Kansas... 


South Atlantic 


Delaware 


Maryland 




District of Columbia 
Virginia 




1,908 
2,443 
2,609 


West Virginia 


North Carolina 


South Carolina.. 


Georgia 


858 


Florida.. 


East South Central _ 


8,869 
3,896 
3,660 
594 
719 

17, 212 

774 
705 
6,111 
9,622 

4,232 
748 
160 


Kentucky.. . 


Tennessee 


Alabama 


Mississippi 


West South Central 


Arkansas 


Louisiana . 


Oklahoma 


Texas 


Mountain 


Montana 


Idaho 


Wy<yrning 


Colorado. . 


6 


1,453 


1,689 
1,054 
581 


New Mexico 


Arizona. .. 


4 
2 


473 
995 


Utah 


Nevada 






1 

12 

4 
2 
6 


107 

2,567 
788 
256 
1,523 


Pacific 


93 
27 
13 
53 


6,975 
1,525 
726 
4,724 


69 
19 
6 
44 

3 
2 


10, 973 
3,536 
1,068 
6,369 

720 
592 
216 


4,148 
1,358 
376 
2,414 

""978" 


15, 235 
3,397 
1,537 
10,301 

842 


Washington 


Oregon... 


California 


OUTLYING AREAS 

Hawaii Territory.... 


Philippine Islands 


7 
2 


393 
90 






Puerto Rico 


1,549 


1 


235 







1 Normal schools and teachers' colleges. 3 Universities, colleges, and professional schools. 

Source: Office of Education, Department of the Interior. 



EDUCATION 



121 



No. 126. SCHOOLS FOR THE BLIND, THE DEAF, AND THE MENTALLY 

DEFICIENT, 1932 



State 


Blind and partially 
seeing 


Deaf and hard of hearing 


Mentally deficient 


State 
schools 


Public 
day 
schools 


Private 
schools 


State 
schools 


Public 
day 
schools 


Private 
schools 


State 
institu- 
tions 


Public 
day 
schools 


Private 
institu- 
tions 


1 


I 


Cities report- 
ing schools 


a 

3 
PH 


1 


1 

PH 


Schools 


=3 

"a 
3 

PH 


Cities report- 
ing schools 


i 

ft 

3 
PH 


N 

1 



3 
"3. 
a 


\ 

1 


3 

ft 
3 
PL, 


Cities report- 
ing schools 


& 

'ft 
3 

PH 


1 



ft 




Continental United 
States 


47 


4,510 


95 


5,308 


11 


1,020 


57 


12,408 


116 


4,434 


27 


2,482 


30 


12, 171 


483 


75,099 


50 


1,615 


Alabama 


a 

2 
1 

1 


199 
18 
148 
108 
63 

0) 










2 


419 
70 
310 
223 
176 


1 


8 






1 


92 


i 

i 


217 
12 
























Arkansas 


























California 


2 


155 






9 


383 


1 


32 


2 

2 

1 

1 

1 
1 
1 

1 
2 
3 

9 

i 

4 
2 

i 
i 
i 

i 


569 
123 

99 
42 

0) 

161 
46 

86 
605 
180 
726 
91 

341 
122 
127 

0) 

1,118 

843 
594 
151 
162 
90 

193 


7 
1 

18 
1 
1 
1 
1 


2,696 
51 

1,637 
139 
568 
269 
490 


5 
1 


85 
6 


Colorado 








2 


39 


1 


11 




118 






1 


216 








"i 




District of Columbia 




















2 


200 


25 


Florida 


1 
1 

1 
1 
1 
1 
1 

1 
2 


87 
102 

21 

258 
165 
158 
115 

156 
112 










237 
244 






Georgia 


1 


21 


















Idaho 








77 














Illinois 


7 
1 
1 


467 
16 
32 






1 


546 
421 
355 
233 

343 

201 
110 
180 
276 

412 
282 
200 
325 
85 

192 


7 


513 


1 


118 


11 
7 
10 

2 

4 


4,672 
1,110 
1,155 
294 

423 


3 

1 
1 
1 

1 
1 


110 
6 
35 
5 

60 
40 


Indiana 












3 
3 

1 


161 
23 

13 






Kansas 










Kentucky 














Louisiana 










1 


51 
















'2 

1 

63 

29 
23 


87 
2,338 
3,965 

6,317 
2,601 


Maryland 


.' 


100 


1 
12 

11 
6 


122 
193 

671 
213 






I 
7 

15 
6 


45 
399 

490 
198 


3 
2 

1 


96 
172 

31 
12 


1 
4 

3 
1 


20 
118 

47 
5 


Massachusetts 


1 


284 


Michigan 


1 
1 
1 
1 
1 

1 


166 
102 
64 
107 
16 

60 


Minnesota 






Mississippi 






Missouri 


1 


9 






2 


116 


2 


209 


4 
2 


1,502 
110 

306 


1 


5 


Montana 






Nebraska 










1 


16 






1 


0) 


Nevada 














New Hampshire 


























i 

5 
1 


191 
340 
18 


4 
50 


204 
4,296 






New Jersey 






5 


151 


2 


78 


1 
1 

5 

2 
1 
1 
2 

1 
2 
I 
1 
I 

2 

2 
1 
1 
2 

1 

9 

i 


342 
99 

1,185 
472 
111 
519 
409 

126 
603 
101 
212 
106 

300 
685 
130 
56 
249 

135 
315 
218 


3 


136 






4 


277 


New Mexico 


1 
1 

a 


108 

145 

232 






New York 


7 


1,760 


3 


176 


6 


571 


4 


554 


9 
2 
1 
4 
1 

1 
4 

1 
1 
1 

1 
2 
1 
1 
1 

1 
1 
2 
1 


2,181 
188 
156 
570 
0) 

197 
503 
45 
119 
64 

ro 

110 
59 
98 

154 
0) 
456 
71 


72 
42 

Q 

i 

3 
Si 

1 

2 


15,527 
192 
46 
6,084 
271 

578 
11,655 
688 
184 
116 


7 


150 


North Carolina 


North Dakota 


i 
i 
i 

i 


37 
224 

159 

43 






















Ohio 


24 


937 






15 
1 

1 

5 


468 
17 

38 
198 


1 
1 


102 

8 




38 


Oklahoma 






Oregon 


1 
5 
1 


11 
260 
33 










Pennsylvania.. 


4 


471 


5 


598 


5 
1 


292 
4 


Rhode Island 






South Carolina 


i 
i 


104 
37 

250 






1 


95 






South Dakota 


















Tennessee 


















1 


21 


Texas 


i 


338 
29 


1 


6 






3 


42 






2 


150 


Utah 














Vermont 


























Virginia 


9 

i 

9 


108 

96 
136 


3 

3 


55 
147 






2 

4 
1 
18 


25 

115 
16 
348 






4 

9 
1 
33 


472 

2,106 
46 
1,525 


2 


41 


Washington 










West Virginia 














Wisconsin 


i 


139 










1 


83 


2 


225 


Wyoming . 













































Data not available. 

Source: Office of Education, Department of Interior. 



122 



EDUCATION 



No. 127. SCHOOLS FOR THE BLIND, THE DEAF, AND THE MENTALLY 
DEFICIENT: CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES 



Kind of school 


Number of schools 


Number of teachers 


Number of pupils 


1923 


1927 


1932 


1922 


1927 


1932 


1922 


1927 


1932 


Schools for the blind, total 


63 


78 


153 

47 


720 


853 


1,235 
652 
411 
172 
2,469 
1,642 
497 
330 

4,917 
700 
4,004 
213 


4,915 


6,035 


10, 838 
4,510 
5,308 
1,020 
19, 324 
12,408 
4, 434 
2,482 

88, 885 
12, 171 
75, 099 
1,615 


State 


City day schools 






95 










Private .. 






11 










Schools for the deaf, total 


153 

61 
74 
18 

214 
51 
133 
30 


166 

' 68 
83 
15 

303 

51 
218 
34 


200 
57 
116 
27 

613 
80 

483 
50 


1,901 
1,414 
351 
136 

1,956 
492 
1,321 
143 


2,283 

1,712 
417 
154 

3,493 
580 
2,718 
195 


14, 328 
10, 738 
. 2,911 
679 

63, 399 
38, 761 
23, 252 
1,386 


17, 433 
13, 033 
3, 515 

885 

104, 021 
49, 791 
51, 814 
2,416 


State 


City day schools 


Private - - ... 


Schools for the mentally deficient, 
total 


State - - -- 


City day schools 


Private 





No. 128. VOCATIONAL EDUCATION: TEACHERS AND PUPILS IN FEDERALLY 
AIDED VOCATIONAL SCHOOLS AND TEACHER-TRAINING COURSES 

NOTE. See headnote, table 129. Hawaii is included for 1930 to 1936, Puerto Rico for 1932 to 1936, and 

Alaska for 1936 



Class of school or 
course 


Teachers 


Pupils 


1920 


1930 


1935 


1936 


1920 


1930 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1936 


VOCATIONAL SCHOOLS 

Total, all classes l 










265, 058 
163, 228 
101, 830 

73, 122 
122, 974 
68, 962 


981, 432 
603, 514 
377, 918 

322, 704 
407, 285 
241, 486 
9,957 

188,311 
180, 490 
7,821 

60, 462 
4,164 
113, 728 
9,957 

618, 154 
422, 575 
195, 579 

164, 867 
381, 898 
45, 601 

336, 297 
71, 389 
174, 967 
449 
174, 518 

97, 375 
21,223 
56, 369 

20, 736 
12, 531 
8,205 

3,325 
11,205 
6,206 


1, 032, 403 
579, 088 
453, 315 

343, 033 
299, 535 
379, 835 
10,000 

264, 105 
252, 781 
11, 324 

81, 689 
12,558 
159, 858 
10,000 
489, 900 
325, 010 
164, 890 

123, 807 
255, 247 
38,064 

217, 183 
110, 846 

278, 398 
1,297 
277, 101 

137, 537 
31, 730 
109, 131 

19, 645 
12, 118 

7,527 

3,429 
10, 194 
6,022 


1, 051, 000 
593, 655 
457, 345 

353, 875 
256, 026 
430, 843 
10, 256 

286, 150 

275, 195 
10, 955 

99,293 
11,719 
164, 882 
10, 256 
466, 999 
316,710 
150, 289 

130, 901 
212, 613 
38, 016 

174, 597 
123, 485 
297, 851 
1,750 
296, 101 

123, 681 
31, 694 
142, 476 

15, 982 
9,196 
6,786 

2,386 
7,960 
5,636 


1, 178, 896 
668, 955 
509, 941 

398, 713 
277, 650 
491, 295 
11,238 

325, 685 
313, 589 
12, 096 

109, 970 
21,083 
183, 394 
11,238 

503, 865 
353, 002 
150, 863 

154, 352 
217, 933 
72, 952 

144, 981 
131, 580 

349, 346 
2,364 
346, 982 

134, 391 
38, 634 
176, 321 

17, 955 
10, 166 
7,789 

3,235 
8,106 
6,614 


1, 255, 861 
715, 806 
540, 055 

369, 907 
329, 214 
546, 014 
10,726 

343, 809 
332, 224 
11,585 

107, 517 
20, 830 
204, 736 
10, 726 

537, 151 
379, 619 
157, 532 

120, 216 
271, 304 
125, 961 

145, 343 
145, 631 

374, 901 
3,963 
370, 938 

142, 174 
37, 080 
195, 647 

3 22, 776 
3 13, 836 
3 8, 940 

3 5, 320 
3 9, 818 
37,638 


Male 










Female 










Evening 


2,565 
1,773 
3,331 


9,842 
5,468 
9,245 
319 


9,944 
6,387 
13, 538 
533 


9,413 
7,508 
14, 300 
567 


Part time 


All day 


Day-unit course 


Agricultural 1 




31, 301 
29,351 
1,950 


Male 










Female _ 










Evening 




1,878 
306 
4,346 
319 


2,574 
1,071 
5,371 
533 


2,554 
1,234 
5,807 
567 


Part time - 






All day 


1,570 


31, 301 


Day-unit course. . .. 


Trade and industrial l . 
Male 




184, 819 
133, 872 
50, 947 

48,354 
115, 241 
17, 159 

98,082 
21,224 

48, 938 
5 
48, 933 

24,768 
7,733 
16, 437 

12, 456 
6,985 
5,471 

2,310 
6,150 
3,652 

344 










Female 










Evening 


1,779 
1,636 
350 

1,286 
1,047 


5,030 
4,981 
1,747 

3,234 
3,054 


4,705 
4,920 
2,686 

2,234 
3,955 


4,074 
5,831 
3,692 

2,139 
4,109 


Part time, total 
Trade extension. _. 
General continua- 
tion 


All day 


Home economics 1 


Male 










Female 










Evening _ 


786 
137 
714 

1,082 
657 
425 

293 
359 
414 

18 


2,934 
181 
1,845 

2843 
2 518 
2325 

195 
334 
316 


2,665 
396 
4,212 

2762 

2 482 
2 280 

201 
248 
321 


2,785 
443 
4,384 

2 670 
2380 
2 290 

174 

208 
294 


Part time 


All day 


TEACHER-TRAINING 
COURSES 

Total, all classes . 


Male 


Female. 


In agriculture 


Trade and industry- 
Home economics 
Other and not spec- 
ified 





















1 Total number of teachers omitted because of duplications in reports of States by types of schools. 

2 Excluding duplicates. 

3 Includes students training in service, not shown separately for earlier years, as follows: Total, 15,181; 
male, 10,431; female, 4,750; agriculture, 3,366; trade and industry, 8,157; home economics, 3,658. 

Source of tables 127 and 128: Office of Education, Department of the Interior. 



EDUCATION 



123 



No. 129. VOCATIONAL EDUCATION: PUPILS ENROLLED IN VOCATIONAL 
COURSES AND TEACHER-TRAINING COURSES, YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 1936 

NOTE. Institutions Federally aided are reimbursed out of Federal funds provided under the act known 
as the "Smith-Hughes Act", or the "National Vocational Education Act of 1917" and subsequent, acts 
extending the benefits of vocational education to Alaska, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico and providing for the 
further development of vocational education. The various acts, administered by the Office of Education, 
provide appropriations by Congress for reimbursement in part out of Federal funds for expenditures 
by States and local communities for vocational education. 



Division and State 
or Territory 


Vocational courses 


Vocational teacher-training courses 
(Federally aided) 1 


Federally aided 


State 
aided 
only 


Total 


Agricul- 
tural 


Trade 
and in- 
dustrial 


Home 
econom- 
ics 


Total 


Agricul- 
tural 


Trade 
and in- 
dustrial 


Home 
econom- 
ics 


United States 2. 
New England 


1, 255, 861 


343, 809 


537, 151 


374, 901 


125, 840 


22, 776 


5,320 


9,818 


7,628 


52, 055 
3,050 
1,251 
1,036 
34,958 
3,515 
8,245 

233, 477 
152, 316 
24,024 
57, 137 

219, 641 
46,071 
23,023 
40,220 
54,765 
55,562 

101, 819 
18, 071 
18, 521 
20,721 
4,672 
5,135 
22,127 
12, 572 

196. 363 
4,089 
8,374 
25,007 
8,944 
43,503 
35, 914 
49,990 
20,542 

101, 089 
14, 733 
27,740 
28,233 
30,383 

171, 384 
20,088 
22,697 
32, 363 
96,236 

45, 793 
3,889 
3,710 
3,906 
16, 072 
2.916 
4,335 
9,171 
1,794 

112, 323 
11,609 
11, 945 
88,769 

813 
8,887 
12, 217 


4,757 
1,604 
248 
414 
1,344 
580 
567 

17, 105 
6,969 
1,779 
8,357 

51, 636 
10,364 
6,620 
10,403 
14,800 
9,449 

36, 245 
7,888 
10,064 
7,061 
1,536 
1,768 
3,823 
4,105 

92,784 
630 
1,763 
13, 303 
3,421 
20, 335 
20,516 
28,225 
4,571 

48, 471 
6,132 
13, 878 
8,618 
19,843 

62, 777 
12,817 
9,519 
8,014 
32,427 

10, 650 
1,304 
1,671 
1,012 
2,168 
826 
900 
2,513 
256 

13, 263 
3,609 
2,507 
7,147 

113 
1,276 
4,752 


31, 495 
439 
519 
193 
21, 331 
2,425 
6,588 

187, 898 
135, 170 
19,441 
33,287 

98, 552 
27, 217 
11,345 
13, 579 
22, 394 
22, 017 

25, 414 
5,153 
3,366 
7,589 
1,532 
294 
3,722 
3,758 

55,942 
2,006 
4,318 
7,471 
3,049 
9,649 
7,161 
12,093 
10, 195 

20, 795 
4,480 
5, 878 
8,453 
1,984 

36, 799 
2,298 
4,856 
7,837 
21,808 

18, 401 
1,469 
864 
1,844 
7,119 
511 
1,077 
2,353 
1,165 

60, 748 
4,674 
5,543 
50,529 

330 
2,095 
2,684 


15,803 
1,007 
484 
429 
12,283 
510 
1,090 

28, 474 
10, 177 
2,804 
15, 493 

71, 453 
8,490 
5,058 
16,238 
17, 571 
24,096 

40, 160 
5,030 
5,091 
6,071 
1,604 
3,073 
14,582 
4,709 

47, 857 
1,453 
2,293 
4,233 
2,474 
13, 519 
8,237 
9,672 
5,776 

31, 823 
4,121 
7,984 
11, 162 
8,556 

71, 808 
4,973 
8,322 
16,512 
42,001 

18, 742 
1, 116 
1,175 
1,050 
6,785 
1,579 
2,358 
4,306 
373 

88, 314 
3,326 
3,895 
31,093 

370 

5,516 
4,781 


11,697 


1,837 
235 
97 
87 
978 
203 
237 

3,653 
1,378 
412 
1,863 

3,961 
1,418 
810 
578 
517 
638 

2,067 
299 
541 
396 
97 
133 
196 
405 

2,066 
137 
183 
201 
101 
94 
365 
490 
495 

1,707 
324 
335 
596 
452 

2,878 
380 
552 
832 
1,112 

2.439 
ft 

159 
73 
1,675 
40 
( 4 ) 
438 
54 

1,707 

287 
413 
1,007 


372 
129 
20 
50 
130 
26 
17 

758 
313 
48 
397 

728 
90 
219 
58 
228 
133 

480 
51 
50 
113 
12 
22 
26 
206 

581 

29 
47 

17 
5 
58 
67 
189 
119 

687 

142 
71 
186 
138 

712 

204 
298 
210 


822 
6 
37 
14 
474 
112 
179 

2,280 
831 
234 
1,215 

2,275 
1,211 
170 
373 
185 
336 

736 
155 
344 
139 
20 


643 
100 
40 
23 
374 
65 
41 

615 
234 
130 
251 

958 
117 
421 
147 
104 
169 

851 
93 
147 
144 
65 
111 
92 
199 

772 
19 
11 
57 
47 
28 
217 
157 
236 

797 
122 
168 
272 
235 

1,358 
100 
90 
409 
759 

818 
( 4 ) 
52 
34 
590 
23 

w 

21 

608 
163 
236 
209 


Maine 


New Hampshire-- 
Vermont 


10. 071 


Massachusetts 
Rhode Island 


1,244 


Connecticut 


382 

29, 561 
23,584 
4,777 
1,200 

18, 762 
2,355 
6,339 
294 


Middle Atlantic... 
New York 


New Jersev 


Pennsylvania 

East North Central. . 
Ohio 


Indiana 


Illinois 


Michigan 


Wisconsin 


9,774 
618 


West North Central- 
Minnesota 


Iowa 


422 


Missouri 


North Dakota 
South Dakota 
Nebraska 






135 

61 

10,304 


78 
( 3 ) 
783 
89 
125 
127 
49 
8 
81 
144 
140 

873 

60 
96 
138 
79 

806 
76 
164 
213 
353 

774 
( 4 ) 
42 

7 
653 


Kansas _ ._. 


South Atlantic . 


Delaware 


Maryland 




Virginia 




West Virginia 
North Carolina- 
South Carolina. .. 
Georgia 






7,944 
2,360 


Florida 


East South Central. ._ 
Kentucky ... 


8,127 


Tennfissfip, 


255 
632 
7,240 

39,730 


Alabama . 


Mississippi 


West South Central.. 
Arkansas 


Louisiana 


16, 897 
3,562 
19,271 

257 
26 


Oklahoma 


Texas... 


Mountain 


847 
( 4 ) 
65 
32 
432 
17 
( 4 ) 
291 
10 

188 
77 
60 
49 


Montana 


Idaho 


Wyoming 




Colorado. _ . _ 


231 


New Mexico 

Arizona 




( 4 ) 
49 
23 

913 
47 
117 
749 


Utah... 




Nevada .. 




Pacific 


6,614 
867 
4,029 
1,718 


Washington 
Oregon 


California 


Alaska... 


Hawaii 




207 
256 


67 

102 


43 
33 


97 
121 


Puerto Rico.. 


170 



See note 3, table 128. 
2 Includes Alaska, Hawaii and Puerto Rico. 



3 Entirely of itinerant nature; number not specified. 

4 No report. 
Source: Office of Education, Department of the Interior. 



124 



EDUCATION 



No. 130. VOCATIONAL EDUCATION: EXPENDITURES UNDER THE VOCATIONAL 

EDUCATION ACTS, FOR YEARS ENDED JUNE 30 
EXPENDITURES FOR ALL SCHOOLS, EXCEPT TEACHER TRAINING 



Classification of expenditure 


1920 


1930 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1936 


Total . . -- 


Dollars 
6, 888, 500 


Dollars 
27,405,498 


Dollars 
27, 760, 956 


Dollars 
26, 012, 340 


Dollars 
27, 078, 655 


Dollars 
31, 140, 122 
















From Federal money 


1, 745, 298 


6, 361, 381 


6, 779, 194 


6, 063, 770 


8, 373, 259 


8.721,474 


From State money 


2, 008, 306 


7, 166. 810 


7, 194, 531 


6, 181, 542 


5, 847, 080 


7, 630. 646 


From local money 


3, 134, 896 


13, 877, 307 


13, 787, 231 


13, 767, 028 


12, 853, 316 


14, 788, 002 


Agricultural schools 


2, 437, 285 


8. 743, 382 


9, 468, 535 


8, 333, 670 


8, 865, 609 


10, 327, 234 


From Federal money 


889, 886 


3, 173, 624 


3, 364, 441 


3, 006, 950 


3, 715, 954 


3 862,901 


From State money 


678, 824 


1. 787, 246 


1, 979, 739 


1, 629, 192 


1, 499, 005 


2. 039, 397 


From local money 


868, 575 


3, 782, 512 


4, 124, 355 


3, 697, 528 


3, 650, 550 


4, 424, 936 


Trade or industrial schools 


2,408,919 


8, 814, 566 


9, 584, 005 


10, 491, 668 


10, 904, 892 


12, 434, 178 


From Federal money 


509, 385 


1. 718, 733 


1, 735, 810 


1, 606, 096 


2, 648, 651 


2, 783, 041 


From Rt.atft money 


786, 568 


2 538 657 


2, 827, 827 


2, 966, 403 


2, 686, 871 


3, 700, 849 


From local money 

TTomft p.cnnnmips schools 


1, 112, 966 
1,054,489 


4, 557, 176 
4, 382, 037 


5, 020, 368 
4, 677, 658 


5, 919, 169 
4, 331, 978 


5, 569, 370 
5, 030, 603 


5, 950, 288 
5, 806, 761 


From Federal money 


155, 768 


678. 226 


1, 116, 077 


958, 579 


1, 365, 404 


1, 428, 801 


From State money 


329, 634 


1, 286, 530 


1, 258, 538 


929, 526 


1, 136,304 


1, 358, 614 


From local money 


569, 087 


2, 417, 281 


2, 303, 043 


2, 443, 873 


2, 528, 895 


3, 019, 346 


Part-time general continuation 
schools 


987, 807 


5, 465. 513 


4, 030, 758 


2 855 024 


2, 272, 551 


2, 571, 950 


From Federal money 


190, 259 


790, 798 


562, 866 


492, 145 


643, 250 


646, 732 


From State money 


213, 280 


1, 554, 377 


1, 128, 427 


656 421 


524, 900 


531, 786 


From local money 


584, 268 


3, 120, 338 


2, 339, 465 


1, 706, 458 


1, 104, 401 


1, 393, 432 

















EXPENDITURES FOR TEACHER-TRAINING INSTITUTIONS 



Total.- . 


1, 646, 663 


2, 453. 400 


2, 261, 982 


2,071,475 


2, 213, 476 


2. 286, 046 
















From Federal money .. 


731, 204 


1, 042, 844 


949, 051 


887, 175 


998, 721 


1, 027, 450 


From State money 


661, 979 


1, 066, 338 


1, 006, 034 


907, 059 


932, 553 


974, 089 


From local money 


253,480 


344, 219 


306, 897 


277, 241 


282,202 


284, 507 


Training teachers o f agriculture. . . 
From Federal money 


556,580 
250, 835 


826.444 
352, 636 


715, 395 
295, 635 


664, 775 
283, 466 


742, 109 
333, 489 


756, 323 
335, 079 


From State money. 


232, 013 


364. 893 


320, 745 


292, 750 


312, 245 


326, 897 


From local money 


73, 732 


108, 915 


99, 015 


88 559 


96 375 


94 347 


Training teachers of trade or in- 
dustrial subjects 


490, 655 


770, 802 


742, 711 


674, 046 


695 424 


731, 141 


From Federal money 


226, 765 


342, 345 


326, 487 


300, 653 


321, 222 


336, 770 


From State money. . 


210, 199 


348, 343 


344, 426 


299, 155 


307, 978 


325, 262 


From local money 


53,691 


80. 114 


71, 798 


74 238 


66 224 


69 109 


Training teachers of home eco- 
nnniif*? 


599, 428 


856, 155 


803, 876 


732, 654 


775 943 


798 582 


From Federal money 


253, 604 


347, 863 


326, 929 


303, 056 


344, 010 


355, 601 


From State money 


219, 767 


353, 102 


340, 863 


315, 154 


312, 330 


321, 938 


From local money 


126, 057 


155, 190 


136, 084 


114, 444 


119 603 


121 051 

















TOTAL EXPENDITURES FROM FEDERAL MONEY, BY STATES 



State 


1920 


1930 


1936 


State 


1920 


1930 


1936 


Total _. 


Dollars 
2, 476, 503 


Dollars 
7, 404, 223 


Dollars 
9, 748, 924 


Nevada 


Dollars 
13, 849 
10, 913 
63, 564 
19, 144 
191, 061 
45, 185 
20, 211 
131, 378 
39, 361 
24, 671 
196, 604 
20,728 
44, 252 
10, 872 
45, 477 
90, 740 
19, 962 
17, 602 
62, 751 
34, 947 
28, 509 
60, 966 
13, 383 


Dollars 
24. 993 
28, 107 
206, 848 
35, 339 
680, 031 
192, 201 
57, 605 
399, 615 
150. 829 
58, 381 
567, 658 
50, 210 
126. 656 
44, 212 
175, 453 
339. 279 
37, 718 
35, 827 
171, 237 
95, 874 
91, 180 
188, 283 
28, 487 


Dollars 
33, 261 
38, 557 
266, 309 
50,231 
845, 320 
287, 886 
54,274 
502, 692 
214, 088 
81,093 
667, 790 
57, 525 
170, 822 
51, 915 
241,358 
516, 555 
48, 760 
38, 694 
222, 729 
121, 607 
116, 876 
246, 072 
42, 022 

4,848 
45, 871 
99,820 


Alabama. 


New Hampshire- 
New Jersey 


54,672 
18, 146 
43, 615 
70, 477 
23,001 
39,028 
17, 612 
24, 187 
69, 412 
20,181 
159,998 
74,206 
54,940 
35,506 
51, 413 
43,390 
19, 672 
25,664 
100, 881 
82, 749 
65, 322 
49, 393 
74,626 
18,990 
33,292 


170, 491 
34,310 
133, 793 
236,129 
68, 038 
78, 486 
27,377 
67, 611 
216, 311 
38,975 
424, 459 
208,760 
173, 097 
108,912 
165, 889 
128, 456 
44,470 
85, 394 
241,466 
254,335 
173, 166 
138, 074 
240,648 
39,999 
88,866 


243, 533 
45, 940 
184, 742 
414, 792 
81, 388 
96,682 
44, 492 
115, 671 
274, 939 
54,576 
455, 467 
265, 162 
173, 501 
139, 526 
221, 251 
181, 679 
52, 269 
110, 751 
274, 552 
367, 885 
220, 345 
206, 866 
289, 357 
59, 431 
107, 151 


Arizona 


New Mexico ... 
New York 


Arkansas.. . 


California 


North Carolina. - 
North Dakota 
Ohio- 


Colorado 


Connecticut 
Delaware 


Oklahoma 


Florida 


Oregon 


Georgia 


Pennsylvania 
Rhode Island 


Idaho.... 


Illinois 


South Carolina... 
South Dakota 
Tennessee 


Indiana 


Iowa.. 


Kansas 


Texas 


Kentucky. . 


Utah 


Louisiana 


Vermont 


Maine 




Maryland 


Washington 
West Virginia.... 
Wisconsin 


Massachusetts... 
Michigan 


Minnesota 


Wyoming 


Mississippi... 


Alaska 


Missouri . 


Montana 






30, 689 


Nebraska 


Puerto Rico 













Source: Office of Education, Department of the Interior. 



EDUCATION 



125 



No. 131. VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION OF PERSONS DISABLED IN 
INDUSTRY OR OTHERWISE: YEARS ENDED JUNE 30 

NOTE. By the civilian vocational rehabilitation act of June 2, 1920, Congress set up a program of coopera- 
tion with the States for the vocational rehabilitation of persons disabled in industry or otherwise. By 
the end of the fiscal year 1936 45, States, the District of Columbia, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico had 
accepted the provisions and begun cooperation with the Federal Government. The figures shown relate 
only to cases aided by Federal funds. The total expenditure in 1936 (fiscal year) comprised: Federal 
funds $1,244,576, State and private funds, $1,358,100 



State 


N umber rehabilitated 


Live cases on roll June 30 


1936 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


19361 


1930 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


19361 


Total 2 


4,612 


5,550 


5,613 


8,062 


9,422 


10, 338 


320,394 


27,403 


30, 619 


37,681 


40,941 


41,726 


Alabama 


170 
30 
45 
257 
9 


212 
23 
58 
241 
23 

23 


163 
26 
43 
342 
27 

14 

58 
28 
132 
28 

658 
89 
52 
227 

57 
14 
43 
91 

458 
217 
112 
57 

26 

40 
15 
13 
273 

35 
538 
125 
37 
377 

87 
22 
208 
10 
54 

25 
173 
152 
40 
103 


170 
34 
53 
463 
54 

34 
94 
50 
200 
37 

653 
120 
69 
254 

71 
31 
73 
149 

1,000 
302 
135 
89 

31 
40 
20 
32 
415 

26 
744 
201 
40 
468 

166 
21 
421 
18 
69 

18 
224 
288 
45 
203 


214 
44 
63 
675 
81 

87 
160 
101 
201 
46 

695 
312 
102 
307 

81 
56 
101 
151 

1,111 
381 
146 
89 

41 
47 
22 
47 
476 

31 
703 
230 
53 
472 

212 
58 
456 
24 
96 

39 

153 
210 
50 
240 

38 
119 
344 
57 


172 
57 
76 
1,052 
83 

74 
246 
114 
238 
55 

662 
485 
110 
337 

112 
55 
101 
188 

980 
60 
137 
170 

56 
64 
18 
37 
512 

35 
757 
257 
45 
464 

304 

60 
540 
51 
72 

36 
177 
256 
100 
262 

57 
114 
438 
62 


1,082 
55 
431 
606 
86 


1,321 
106 
611 
1.125 
161 

148 


1,130 
186 
664 
1,452 
246 

160 
333 
460 
674 
138 

657 
702 

292 
871 

472 

175 
185 
495 

2,068 
637 
1,182 
93 

144 

175 
53 
379 
1,375 

56 
2,775 
960 
129 
974 

1,646 
34 

**& 

533 

134 
1,140 
911 
165 
1,088 


1,207 
234 
678 
1,892 
356 

471 
404 
490 
727 
178 

917 
1,226 
333 
830 

567 
238 
188 
583 

2,738 
675 
1,208 
91 

205 
75 
618 
1,888 

93 
2,764 
1,058 
83 
903 

1,884 
216 
3,439 
110 
635 

128 
1,561 
1,009 
235 
1,281 

233 

406 
2,185 
269 


1,099 
216 
768 
2,341 
361 

299 
544 
405 
1,054 
191 

813 
1,351 
409 
1,055 

613 
210 
397 
658 

3,003 

761 
1,552 
92 

267 

227 
79 
326 
1,822 

115 

2,428 
1,243 
176 
1,052 

1.789 
261 
2,961 
132 
605 

126 
4,051 
1,528 
268 
970 

378 
380 
3,367 
198 


1,067 
281 
434 
2,461 
260 

408 
412 
506 
1,156 
181 

1,164 
1,772 
442 
347 

854 
195 
424 
662 

2,766 
2,034 
1,222 
395 

269 
210 
74 
218 
1,492 

118 
2,808 
1,204 
216 
1,107 

1,235 
375 
2,694 
158 
687 

143 

1,884 
2,009 
200 
1, 012 

575 
707 
2, 673 
208 

7 


Arizona 


Arkansas .. - 


California 


Colorado. . . . .. 


Connecticut 


District of Columbia 






Florida . 


22 
114 
15 

283 
140 
71 
146 

35 
23 
5 
132 

283 
148 

139 


32 
167 
25 

723 
80 
67 
193 

71 
22 
41 
109 

401 
214 
140 
29 

16 

45 
7 
9 
303 

28 
505 
124 
31 
430 

187 
36 
232 
9 
33 

20 
86 
132 
40 

77 


351 
454 
102 

810 

628 
200 
608 

271 

139 
74 
361 

876 
400 
809 
( 5 ) 

97 
144 
12 


470 
605 
125 

775 
801 
273 
734 

782 
146 
204 
575 

1,711 
551 
937 
55 

141 
153 
65 
225 
1,248 

63 
2,581 
755 
112 
1,045 

1,415 
61 

'^ 

343 

94 
1,046 
995 
118 
993 


Georgia 


Idaho 


Illinois 


Indiana . _ 


Iowa 


Kentucky.. 


Louisiana 


Maine 


Maryland 


Massachusetts 


Michigan 


Minnesota.. .. 


Mississippi. 


Missouri 


Montana 


18 
53 
10 


Nebraska 


Nevada... _ . . 


New Hampshire 


New Jersey 


243 

14 

540 
72 
34 
471 

110 
18 
398 
9 
11 

12 
124 
12 
33 
38 


1,087 

73 
1,821 
722 
151 
971 

1,547 
54 
1,719 
53 
374 

69 
677 
144 
102 
800 


New Mexico 


New York 


North Carolina 


North Dakota .. 


Ohio 


Oklahoma 


Oregon. . 


Pennsylvania 


Rhode Island ... 


South Carolina 


South Dakota 


Tennessee 


Tezas 


Utah 


Virginia . 


Washington 


West Virginia 


103 
193 
28 


66 
180 
60 


71 
185 
68 


91 
260 
86 


289 
1,006 
139 


210 
1,493 
195 


236 
1,839 
243 


Wisconsin 


Wyoming . 


HawaiL. 



























1 Figures are subject to slight corrections. * Includes Hawaii for 1936. 

3 Includes 96 applications pending. 

* The status of these cases on June 30, 1936, was as follows: Surveyed, under advisement, 16,320; in 
training, 11,272; in other preparation status, 1,729; training interrupted, 2,113; awaiting placement after 
training, 4,198; awaiting placement after other preparation service, 3,967; in employment, being followed 
up, 2,127. 

1 Live roll not reported. Closed, lack of State appropriation, 1925 to 1930. 

In addition, prospective cases were reported as follows: Virginia 1936, 688; Wisconsin 1935, 1,644; 
1936, 2,899. 

Source: Office of Education, Department of the Interior. 



6. PUBLIC LANDS 



GENERAL NOTE. An original entry is a first claim to receive a given tract of public land. Perfected 
entry of the claim is made after required lapse of time and compliance with other conditions. By Execu- 
tive orders of Nov. 26, 1934, and Feb. 5, 1935, public lands were temporarily withdrawn from settlement, 
location, sale, or entry. Both orders, however, were made subject to valid existing rights 

No. 132. ENTRIES AND PATENTS OF PUBLIC AND INDIAN LAND: ACREAGE, 

YEARS ENDED JUNE 30 







1935 






1936 




Class 


Original 
entries 


Perfected 
entries 


Patented 


Original 
entries 


Perfected 
entries 


Pat- 
ented 


Total . 


1, 759, 078 


1, 771, 70S 


i 1, 617, 431 


425. 834 


1 937 526 


i 2 470 587 
















Homesteads 


1, 193, 312 


1, 731, 689 


1, 289, 004 


383, 656 


1, 872, 086 


1 867 137 


Stock raising -- 


1, 051, 870 


1, 477, 886 


1, 049, 131 


326, 331 


1 560 652 


1 590 678 


Enlarged 


32, 853 


118 432 


109 207 


10 890 


152 265 


127 154 


Reclamation - - 


17, 251 


21, 504 


27, 463 


11, 499 


18 560 


20 904 


Forest 


1,389 


4 247 


5 314 


676 


3 765 


5 219 


Commuted 




4,438 






4,470 




Sec 2289 2 , et al 


89, 949 


105 182 


97 889 


34 260 


132 374 


123 182 


Deserts . _ _ 


5,082 


9,565 


33, 116 


3,004 


11,548 


14 196 


Public auction 




2 015 


5 253 




120 


21 781 


Timber and stone 




1,822 


1,539 




1,131 


2 121 


State selection 


228, 898 






37 261 






Mineral 




7,429 


10,523 




10,250 


14 866 


Railroad 


758 




12 762 


440 




4 270 


Miscellaneous - - - 


331, 028 


19, 183 


1 265, 234 


1,473 


42, 391 


1 546 216 

















Includes 223,301 acres in 1935 and 253,903 acres in 1936, certified to States. 



2 Original act. 



No. 133. ENTRIES OF PUBLIC AND INDIAN LAND: ACREAGE UNDER ALL 
ACTS, YEARS ENDED JUNE 30 

NOTE. Offices are not maintained in States where only small areas of public lands remain undisposed of; 
entries in these States, if any, are made directly in the General Land Office (Washington, D. C.) and 
figures are grouped under that heading in the following table. See also general note above. 



Item and State 


Original entries 


Perfected 
entries, 
1936 


Pat- 
ented, 
1936 


1926-1930, 

total 


1931-1935, 

total 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1936 


Total 


20, 611, 977 


18, 232, 143 


3, 117, 781 


3, 584, 883 


1, 759, 078 


425, 834 


1, 937, 526 


12,470,587 


Public land 


19, 915, 866 
696, 111 

19, 072, 070 

15, 357, 627 
1, 539, 907 

3 9, 770 
34, 552 
1, 907, 087 
125, 143 
1, 796, 051 
2,071,887 
88,010 
971, 117 
5, 732 
55, 817 
2, 071, 313 
63,267 
356, 179 
4, 109, 018 
64,761 
25, 871 
808, 332 
327, 119 
1, 388, 576 
173, 686 
4, 121, 206 
37, 483 


17, 754, 198 
477, 945 

15, 743, 383 

13, 723, 337 
2, 488, 760 

( 3 ) 
40, 118 
2, 900, 417 
4 43, 688 
1, 120, 687 
1, 436, 974 
* 9, 565 
704, 352 
( 3 ) 
16, 020 
1, 409, 447 
< 17, 508 
105, 123 
4, 676, 786 
82, 333 
( 3 ) 
630, 098 
252, 454 
675, 153 
83,154 
3, 930, 670 
97, 596 


3, 045, 649 
72, 132 

2, 714, 029 

2, 358, 231 
403, 752 


3, 509, 925 
74,958 

2, 862, 142 

2, 567, 888 
722, 741 


1, 731, 667 
27, 411 

1, 193, 312 

1, 051, 870 
565, 766 


399, 592 
26,242 

383, 656 

326, 331 
42, 178 


1, 804, 716 
132, 810 

1. 872, 086 

1, 560, 652 
65, 440 




Indian land 




All homesteads 


1, 867, 137 

1, 590, 678 
603, 450 

2,360 
6,955 
168,264 
12, 125 
194, 354 
190, 394 
2,983 
41, 962 
20,808 


Stock-raising home- 
steads 


Other entries- 


Alabama .. 


Alaska 


9,416 
481, 971 
10, 830 
197, 859 
254, 511 
2,616 
117, 109 


5,915 
759, 433 
( 3 ) 
135, 520 
255, 853 
( 3 ) 
148, 873 


7,068 
431, 820 


8,487 
44, 920 


5,870 
171, 604 


Arizona 


Arkansas 


California 


222, 214 
89, 172 


15, 737 
52,958 


103, 093 
181, 340 


Colorado-- 


Florida 


Idaho. 


55, 416 


31,683 


44,580 


Louisiana 


Minnesota _ . _ _ . 


4,694 
244, 117 
3,818 
28,020 
793, 883 
11, 187 


277, 540 
( 3 ) 
13, 627 
813,004 
18,234 








Montana-- 


110, 189 


53,154 


231,741 


239, 252 
6,217 
9,043 
595, 832 
6,700 
5,097 
66. 490 
94,720 
65, 106 
8,301 
464,720 
25, 003 


Nebraska 


Nevada 


2,852 
316, 114 
12, 310 


1,791 
56,912 
832 


6,167 
526, 786 
5,007 


New Mexico 


North Dakota 


Oklahoma .- 


Oregon 


96, 751 
35,938 
105, 387 
17, 934 
680, 910 
20,830 


120, 158 
54,988 
135, 335 
14, 287 
797, 218 
34, 898 


54,804 
42, 592 
30,380 
9,438 
354, 195 
20,514 


25, 627 
5,810 
14, 771 
2,891 
97 ; 393 
12,868 


42, 159 
95, 962 
47, 377 
8,223 
454, 286 
33, 331 


South Dakota 


Utah.. 


Washington 


Wyoming 


General Land Office. __ 



3 Office closed, see headnote. 
1931 to 1933. 



1 Includes 253,903 acres certified to States. 
> 1926 and 1927 only. 

Source of tables 132 and 133: General Land Office, Department of the Interior. 
126 



PUBLIC LAND 



127 



No. 134. HOMESTEADS: ACREAGE OF ENTRIES OF PUBLIC LAND, YEARS 

ENDED JUNE 30 

NOTE. See general note, p. 126 



Item and State 


All homesteads 


Stock 
raising 
only, 
1936 


1121-1925, 

total 


1926-1930, 

total 


1931-1935, 

total 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1936 


Original entries, total- - 

Alabama 


35, 079, 617 


18, 880, 143 


15, 266, 771 


2,641,981 


2, 787, 213 


1, 185, 951 


357, 457 


307,299 


34,139 
51, 012 
1, 452, 551 
215, 172 
2, 201, 327 
4, 368, 182 
168,086 
1, 842, 656 
46,016 
14,746 
21,804 
47, 147 
22,758 
'4,528,483 
122,985 
281,532 
6, 765, 794 
128, 417 
80,546 
2, 118, 054 
1, 177, 594 
1, 456, 411 
288,671 
10,071 
7, 634, 649 
820 


i 9, 770 
33,549 
1. 727, 167 
125,002 
1,608,383 
1,528,449 
86,305 
927,604 
( J ) 
15,732 

43, 410 

1, 866, 547 
63,187 
214, 769 
3, 623, 688 
57,256 
i 25, 871 
727, 910 
276,295 
3 1, 260, 956 
70,088 

8 

4, 064, 145 
34,063 


( J ) 
38,659 
1, 124, 034 
M3.298 
909,626 
1,028,298 
*9,554 
694,481 












Alaska 


8,277 
185,390 
10,656 
187,034 
192, 467 
2,616 
115,855 


5,755 
145, 471 
() 
132,908 
188,657 
( J ) 
148,028 


7,068 
48,746 


8,327 
10,699 




Arizona 


8,567 


Arkansas 


California 


54,485 
72,941 


15,291 
33,288 


11,722 
29,614 


Colorado 


Florida 


Idaho 


54,036 


31,323 


29,815 


Kansas 


Louisiana 


(') 
























"Minnesota 


*4,947 


1,449 


(') 








Mississippi 








Montana 


1, 384, 188 
* 17, 468 
97, 670 
4, 387, 629 
79, 152 

561,227 
220,963 
609,755 
67,354 


3 232, 957 
3,818 
27,445 
721, 579 
10,987 


3 275, 095 
( l ) 
13,329 
767, 485 
18,199 


109, 821 


53,021 


47,846 


Nebraska 


Nevada 


2,043 
313,068 
12,269 


872 
52,696 
832 


635 
46,795 
634 


New Mexico 


North Dakota .. 


Oklahoma 


Orpgnri 


95, 910 
32,370 
102, 247 
13, 121 


118,853 
52,703 
83,774 
12,447 


53,711 
41, 718 
30,178 
9,063 


24,853 
5,810 
14,531 
2,451 


21,459 
5,570 
13,473 
1,811 


South Dakota 


Utah 


Washington 


Wisconsin 


Wyoming 


3,894,074 
94,395 


677,253 
20,550 


790,212 
34,297 


338,119 
18,685 


92,101 
11,362 


88,598 
760 


General Land Office'. 

Original entries, stock- 
raising homesteads 
(incl. above) 


28, 260, 485 


14, 828, 604 


13, 312, 779 


2,297,931 


2, 502, 926 


1, 036, 847 


307, 299 









PERFECTED HOMESTEAD ENTRIES, ENTIRE UNITED STATES* 



Period or 
year 9 


All home- 
steads 


Year 


All home- 
steads 


Year 


All home- 
steads 


Year 


All home- 
steads 


Stock 
raising 


1868-1870 


1 379 116 


1894 


2, 929, 947 


1909 


3, 699, 467 


1924 


4,791 436 


2, 822, 211 


1871-1875 


6,215 783 


1895 


2 980 809 


1910 


3 795 863 


1925 


4 048 911 


2 753 924 


1876-1880 


11, 670, 439 


1896 


2, 790, 243 


1911 


4, 620, 197 


1926 


3, 451, 106 


2, 497, 007 


1881-1885 


12 630 328 


1897 


2, 778, 404 


1912 


4,306 069 


1927 


2 583 627 


1 932 096 


1886-1890 


16, 330, 272 


1898 - 


3, 095, 018 


1913 


10, 009, 285 


1928- 


1, 815, 549 


1,384,902 


1891-1895 


16, 602, 473 


1899 


3, 134, 140 


1914 


9, 291, 121 


1929 


1, 700, 950 


1, 270, 617 


1896-1900 


15 275 648 


1900 


3 477 843 


1915 


7 180 982 


1930 


1 371 073 


1 059 224 


1901 1905 


19 812 937 


1901 


5 241 121 


1916 


7 278,281 


1931 


1 352 861 


1 026 Oil 


1906-1910 


19 005 358 


1902 


4, 342, 748 


1917 


8, 497, 390 


1932 


1 209 894 


963,115 


1911-1915. _ 


35, 407, 654 


1903... 


3, 576, 964 


1918. . 


8, 236, 438 


1933 


906,578 


715, 017 


1916-1920 


38,909,565 


1904 


3, 232, 717 


1919 


6, 524, 760 


1934 


1, 123, 673 


916, 945 


1921-1925 


29 468 380 


1905 


3 419 387 


1920 


8, 372, 696 


1935 


1 640 396 


1,416 623 


1926-1930. . 


10, 922, 305 


1906 .- 


3, 526, 749 


1921 


7, 726, 740 


1936 


1, 764, 958 


1,503,502 


1931 1935 


6 233 399 


1907 


3 740 568 


1922 


7 307 034 








1893 


3, 477, 232 


1908 


4, 242, 711 


1923 - 


5, 594,' 259 


Total, 1868-1936 


241, 628, 610 


27, 755, 352 





















i 1926 and 1927 only. 

' See headnote, table 133. 

1 Includes entries of abandoned military reservations. 



* 1931 to 1933. 

8 Commuted homesteads are not included. 

For periods figures are totals, not averages. 



No. 135. STOCK-RAISING HOMESTEADS: ORIGINAL ENTRIES OF PUBLIC AND 
INDIAN LAND FROM PASSAGE OF ACT TO JUNE 30, 1936 



State 


Entries 


Acres 


State 


Entries 


Acres 


TotaL 


185 315 


70 183 980 


Nebraska 


585 


108 313 








Nevada 


930 


493 757 


Arizona 


6,185 


2 961 864 


New Mexico 


34,102 


15, 582, 904 


Arkansas 


4 


1 600 


North Dakota 


939 


288 918 


California 


8,453 


3, 418, 768 


Oklahoma 


366 


71,349 


Colorado 


20 905 


8 374 157 


Oregon 


8,272 


3, 372, 682 


Idaho 


7 786 


3 550 358 


South Dakota 


7 952 


2,730 220 


Kansas .-. ___ 


233 


58,506 


Utah 


5, 110 


2, 779, 167 


Michigan 


5 


1 821 


W ashington 


1,599 


513,589 


Minnesota 




75 


Wyoming.. . 


40,435 


18, 144, 574 


Montana 


21,295 


7, 707, 511 


General Land Office 


158 


23,847 















Source of tables 134 and 135: General Land Office, Department of the Interior. 
150214 38 10 



128 



PUBLIC LAND 



No. 136. TIMBER AND STONE, COAL, MINERAL, AND DESERT LAND 
ENTRIES OF PUBLIC LAND 



State 


From passage of act to June 30, 1936 


Year ended June 30, 1936 1 


Timber 
and 
stone 


Coal 


Desert land 


Timber 
and 
stone 


Miner- 
al 


Desert land 


Original 


Perfected 


Origi- 
nal 


Per- 
fected 


Acreage of entries 


13,854,907 


604, 443 


32, 828, 372 


8, 672, 897 


1,131 


8,144 


2,964 


6,128 


Alabama - 


43, 735 


239 














Alaska 








796 
666 






Arizona 


2,943 
365, 573 
2. 899, 094 
402, 047 


6,693 


2, 591, 141 


369, 550 




726 


276 


Arkansas 




California 


5,535 
2 216, 609 
584 


5, 198, 050 
3, 227, 741 
20, 021 


822, 360 
714, 056 
300 


80 
160 


690 
. 367 


320 


566 
236 


Colorado 


Dakota Territory 




Florida 11 


109, 194 










Idaho 


1, 017, 059 
119 
150, 277 
149, 667 
1, 409, 175 


3,277 


3, 119, 629 


1, 039, 292 


40 


221 


280 


240 


Iowa 


Louisiana 
















Michigan 
















Minnesota 
















Mississippi 


19, 818 
664, 285 
97 
6,542 
153 
8,646 
40 
3, 817, 897 
63, 910 
3,236 
2, 174, 411 
80, 362 
















Montana... 


64,758 


5, 983, 025 


2, 775, 738 




1,091 




2,853 


Nebraska 








Nevada 


1,661 
26, 613 
9,624 


654, 997 
2, 160, 060 

85, 278 


165, 371 
233, 254 
20, 094 




272 
450 




40 
240 


New Mexico 




12 


North Dakota 




Oklahoma . 










Oregon 


10, 572 
3,624 

75, 828 
64, 894 


1, US, 337 
609, 291 
1, 513, 599 
998, 578 


299,663 
101, 921 
465, 135 
71, 076 




678 


518 


400 


South Dakota 




Utah 




635 

78 


240 


280 
40 


Washington.. 


280 


Wisconsin 




Wyoming . 


458, 142 
8,485 

108, 005 
35, 604, 271 


113,924 

8 

4,417 
11, 922, 602 


5, 548, 625 


1, 525, 087 




200 


868 


957 


General Land Office 
Number of entries 


571 

15 
3,612 


159, 929 
7, 900, 631 


47, 245 
8, 780, 989 


103 
25, 600 


25 

742 


60 
6,103 


Money payment, dollars. _ 



1 No entries for coal land in 1936. 



2 Includes 58,496 acres within the Ute Reservation. 



No. 137. ACREAGE OF PUBLIC LAND CERTIFIED OR PATENTED ON 
ACCOUNT OF RAILWAY AND WAGON-ROAD GRANTS: YEARS ENDED 
JUNE 30 





1916-1920, 

total 


1921-1925, 

total 


1926-1930, 

total 


1931-1935, 

total 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1936 


Railway grants, total. .. 


5, 878, 674 


6, 188, 079 


i 1, 124, 880 


i 264, 591 


77, 273 


63, 671 


11, 723 


4,266 


Alabama 


120 




1 399 469 


1 118 










Arizona 


1 163 775 


3 451 578 


188 829 


104 218 


44 400 


39 799 


40 




Arkansas 




227 


'221 


1 177 






1 110 




California 


319 262 


1 032 815 


208 604 


76 438 


17 235 


16 060 


8 945 


3 155 


Colorado. .. 


160 


14, 482 


160 


7 










Florida 




639 


1 005 


80 










Idaho 


102, 108 


170, 611 




2,315 


843 








Iowa 


80 




73 












Kansas 




40 


19 












Louisiana 


484 




1 044 












Michigan 






510 


316 


316 








Minnesota 


5,744 


328 


5 220 


297 


96 


56 


29 




Missouri 


240 


600 














Montana 


1, 704, 549 


251, 343 


2,716 


21, 103 


1, 141 


50 






Nebraska 




200 


436 


42 










Nevada 


515 222 


712 564 


163 700 


31 685 


11 368 


7 230 




871 


New Mexico 


1, 525, 406 


344, 121 


146 482 


14, 847 


1 546 




1 520 


240 


North Dakota 


623 


70 














Oregon. .. 


39, 372 


23, 986 


120 


3,790 


40 








Utah.. 


112, 351 


160 


1 280 


3 019 




476 






Wash ington 


381, 113 


166, 283 


2,979 


3,159 


208 








Wisconsin .... .. 


720 


1,405 


1,693 


99 






80 




Wyoming 


7,344 


14 624 


320 


883 


80 








Wagon-road grants. 


19,637 


34, 366 


2 788 


62 530 





























i Figures for 1926-1930 includes 398,900 acres and for 1931-1935, 1,118 acres for Muscle Shoals (river im- 
provement). 
1 1931 only; acreage is for Muscle Shoals (river improvement). 

Source of tables 136 and 137: General Land Office, Department of the Interior. 



PUBLIC LAND 



129 



No. 138. ACREAGE OF LAND CERTIFIED OR PATENTED UNDER RAIL- 
WAY OR WAGON-ROAD GRANTS FROM 1850 TO JUNE 30, 1936 



State grants, total 38,207,708 

Illinois: Illinois Central 2,595,133 

Mississippi, total- 

Mobile & Ohio 

Vicksburg & Meridian 

Gulf & Ship Island 



Alabama, total 

Mobile & Ohio 

Alabama & Florida 

Selma, Rome & Dalton 

Coosa & Tennessee 

Mobile & Girard 

Alabama & Chattanooga 

South & North Alabama 

Muscle Shoals (river improvement) . . 

Florida, total 

Florida Central & Peninsular 

Florida & Alabama 

Pensacola & Georgia 

Florida, Atlantic & Gulf Central 

Louisiana: Vicksburg, Shreveport & Pa- 
cific - --- 

Arkansas, total 

St. Louis, Iron Mountain & Southern- 
Little Rock & Fort Smith 

Memphis & Little Rock 

Missouri, total. 

Southwest branch of the Pacific road _. 

Hannibal & St. Joseph 

St. Louis, Iron Mountain & Southern. 

Iowa, total 

Burlington & Missouri River 

Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific 



Cedar Rapids & Missouri River 

Dubuque & Sioux City 

Iowa Falls & Sioux City 

Des Moines Valley (river-improve- 
ment grant) 

Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul, for- 
merly McGregor & Missouri River.. 

Sioux City & St. Paul 

Michigan, total. 

Port Huron & Lake Michigan 

Jackson, Lansing & Saginaw 

Grand Rapids & Indiana 

Flint & Pere Marquette 

Marquette, Houghton & Ontonagon.. 

Ontonagon & Brule River 

Bay de Noquet & Marquette 

Chicago & North Western 

Wisconsin, total 

Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis & 
Omaha (formerly West Wisconsin) . 

Wisconsin Railroad Farm Mortgage 
Land Co. 

Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis & 
Omaha (formerly St. Croix & Lake 
Superior) 

Branch to Bayfield 

Chicago & North Western 

Wisconsin Central... 



1, 075, 345 
737, 130 
199,102 
139, 113 

3, 147, 148 

U19.528 

399,023 

458, 671 

67,956 

302, 181 

654, 212 

445, 558 

400,018 

2, 218, 705 
743, 393 
166, 691 

1, 279, 237 
29,384 



373, 057 

2, 563, 720 
1, 326, 124 
1, 052, 083 

185, 514 

1, 837, 968 

1, 161, 285 

611, 323 

65,360 

4, 929, 923 

389,990 
483, 214 

161, 533 
' 922, 898 

244,023 
1 556, 407 

683,057 

840,171 

326, 216 
322, 413 

3, 134, 058 
37, 467 
744,256 
852, 521 
513, 169 
305, 930 
34,227 
128, 301 
518, 186 

3, 652, 322 
814, "831 
163, 160 



816, 488 
471, 721 
546, 767 
839,356 



3, 272, 846 



Minnesota, total 8,046,090 

St. Paul, Minneapolis & Manitoba 
(formerly first division, St. Paul & 
Pacific) 

Western R. R. (succeeded by St. Paul 

& Northern Pacific R. R. Co.) 

St. Paul, Minneapolis & Manitoba 
(formerly St. Vincent extension of 

the St. Paul & Pacific) 

Minnesota Central 179,734 

Winona & St. Peter 1, 681, 026 

St. Paul & Sioux City... . 1, 126, 619 

St. Paul & Duluth 861, 133 

Southern Minnesota, from a point on] 

the Mississippi River to Houston... 

Southern Minnesota Extension (now 

Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul)... 

Hastings & Dakota 377,987 

Minnesota, North Dakota, Montana, 
and Washington: St. Paul, Minneapo- 
lis & Manitoba, now Great Northern 
(main and branch), a special act (Aug. 
5, 1892, 27 Stat. L. 390) to provide for 
indemnity for lands relinquished by 
the company ( 4 ) 

Kansas, total 4, 634, 237 

Leavenworth, Lawrence & Galveston. * 249, 446 

Missouri, Kansas & Texas ' 976, 593 

Atchison, Topeka & Sante Fe... 2, 944, 788 

St. Joseph & Denver City 463, 409 

Corporation grants, total 94,233,857 

Central Pacific. . 7,493,074 

Central Pacific (Western Pacific) 462, 130 

Central Pacific (California & Oregon) .. 3, 236, 943 

Union Pacific 11, 935, 603 

Union Pacific (Central branch) 223, 142 

Union Pacific (Kansas division) 6, 176, 384 

Union Pacific (Denver Pacific) 821,331 

Santa Fe Pacific (Atlanta & Pacific), 11,587,850 
Burlington & Missouri River in Ne- 
braska 2, 374, 091 

Sioux City & Pacific (Missouri Val- 
ley Land Co.) 42,611 

Northern Pacific 39,064,567 

Oregon Central 128, 618 

Oregon & California 2, 777, 632 

New Orleans Pacific 1,001,943 

Southern Pacific (main line) 4, 656, 398 

Southern Pacific (branch line) 2, 251, 540 

Wagon roads, total 3, 359, 188 

From Lake Erie to Connecticut Western 

Reserve 80, 774 

From Lake Michigan to Ohio River 170, 580 

From Fort Wilkens, Copper Harbor, 

Mich., to Green Bay, Wis 302, 931 

From Fort Wilkens, Copper Harbor, 

Mich., to Wisconsin State line _ 221,013 

Oregon Central Military Co. (now Cali- 
fornia & Oregon Land Co.) 940, 514 

Corvallis and Yaquina Bay. 83, 717 

Willamette Valley and Cascade Moun- 
tain 861, 512 

Dalles Military Road 592, 907 

Coos Bay Military Road 105, 240 



1 In the adjustment of this grant the road was treated as aji entirety and without reference to the State 
line. Hence Alabama has had approved to her more and Mississippi less than they would appear to be 
entitled to in proportion to the length of road in the respective States. 

2 Includes 35,685 acres of the Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific Ry.; 109,757 acres of the Cedar Rapids 
& Missouri River R. R.; and 77,535 acres of the Dubuque & Sioux City R. R., situated in the old Dea 
Moines River grant of Aug. 8 ,1846, which should be deducted. 

3 Declared to be one grant. 

< See Minnesota for original grants. 

* Leavenworth, Lawrence & Galveston includes 186,937 acres and Missouri, Kansas & Texas 270,971 
acres in the Osage ceded reservation which are to be deducted under decision of the Supreme Court. 

Source: General Land Office, Department of the Interior. 



130 



PUBLIC LAND 



No. 139. LAND GRANTS (INCLUDING SCRIP) TO STATES FOR EDUCA- 
TIONAL AND OTHER PURPOSES : ACREAGE TO JUNE 30, 1936 

NOTE. Does not include grants to States for specific railroad and wagon-road companies covered by 
table 138. The column "Internal improvements" covers only general items so designated 



State 


Total 


Com- 
mon 
schools 


Univer- 
sities 
and 
agricul- 
tural 
educa- 
tion 


Other 
educa- 
tional 


Miscel- 
laneous 
institu- 
tions 


Internal 
improve- 
ments 


Swamp 


All other 


Total 


203,218,810 


99, 188, 946 


13, 717, 535 


3, 248, 270 


1 3, 322, 050 


11, 469, 245 


64, 857, 624 


7, 416, 142 


Alabama. 


2, 259, 889 
21, 445, 209 
10, 542, 113 
9, 372, 993 
8,516,407 

4, 433, 538 
180,000 
90 000 


911,627 
21, 009, 209 
8, 093, 156 
933, 778 
5, 534, 293 

3, 685, 618 


286, 080 
436,000 
398, 957 
196, 080 
196, 080 

137, 680 
180,000 
90,000 
90,000 
270,000 

186, 080 
480, 000 
390,000 
286, 080 
143, 762 

330,000 
210, 212 
210,000 
210,000 
360,000 

286, 080 
212, 160 
302, 160 
330,000 
186, 560 

136, 080 
46, 080 
150,000 
210,000 
562, 703 

990,000 
270,000 
216, 080 
630,000 
600,000 

136, 080 
780,000 
120,000 
180,000 
246, 080 

300,000 
180,000 
356, 141 
150,000 
300,000 

136, 080 
150,000 
332, 160 
136, 080 


97, 705 


181 


500,000 


439, 636 


24, 660 


Alaska 


Arizona 


450,000 


500,000 






1, 100, 000 
56, 680 
95, 603 

78, 240 


500,000 
500,000 

500,000 


7, 686, 455 
2,190,431 


California 






Colorado 




32,000 






















Florida 


21, 981, 224 
270 000 


975, 307 


92, 160 




500,000 


20, 318, 637 


5,120 


Georgia 




Idaho 


3, 632, 157 
3, 639, 281 
4, 306, 254 
3, 019, 910 
3, 606, 910 

352,509 
11, 033, 183 
210,000 
210,000 
360,000 

8, 787, 653 
8, 374, 001 
5, 020, 774 
5, 578, 974 
5, 869, 618 

3,458,711 
2, 723, 647 
150,000 
210,000 
12, 732, 912 

990,000 
270,000 
3, 163, 552 
2, 493, 006 
3, 095, 760 

4, 375, 429 
780,000 


2, 963, 698 
996, 320 
668, 578 
988, 196 
2, 907, 520 


200,000 
46,080 
46, 080 


i 250, 000 






32, 379 
123, 589 
25,600 
49, 280 
55,628 


Illinois 


533, 368 
1, 916, 805 
500,000 
500,000 


1, 459, 924 
1, 259, 191 
1,196,355 






Iowa 














22,509 




Louisiana 


807, 271 


46, 080 


500,000 


9, 469, 621 




Maine 






Maryland 














Massachusetts 














Michigan 


1, 021, 867 
2,874,951 
824, 213 
1, 221, 813 
5, 198, 258 

2, 730, 951 
2, 061, 967 






500,000 
500,000 
500,000 
500,000 


5, 680, 190 
4,706,017 
3, 347, 068 
3,432,441 


1, 299, 516 
80, 872 
1,253 
48, 640 
182, 800 

59, 680 
12,800 


Minnesota 






Mississippi 


46,080 
46, 080 
202,000 




Missouri 




Montana 


100,000 

32,000 
12, 800 


Nebraska 


500,000 
500,000 




Nevada 


90,000 




New Hampshire 
New Jersey 
















New Mexico 


8, 711, 324 


726,885 


750, 000 






1, 982, 000 


New York 






North Carolina 
North Dakota 














2, 495, 396 
724,266 
2, 044, 000 

3, 399, 360 


120,000 
69,120 
450, 000 


i 250, 000 






82, 076 
24, 216 


Ohio 


1, 019, 072 


26, 332 


Oklahoma 


1,760 


Oregon 


500,000 


286,108 


53, 882 


Pennsylvania 






Rhode Island. 


120,000 
180,000 
3, 434, 203 

300,000 
180,000 
7, 464, 497 
150,000 
300,000 

3, 044, 471 
150,000 
6,222,457 
4, 138, 569 














South Carolina 














South Dakota 


2, 733, 084 


120,000 


i 250, 640 






84, 399 


Tennessee 






Texas 














Utah.. 


5, 844, 196 


200,000 


500,160 






564,000 


Vermont 






Virginia 














Washington... 


2, 376, 391 


200,000 


1200,000 






132,000 


West Virginia- 






Wisconsin 


982, 329 
3, 470, 009 






500,000 


3, 359, 218 


1, 048, 749 
112,480 


Wyoming 




a 420, 000 












1 Includes "Educational and charitable" as follows: Idaho, 150,000 acres; North Dakota, 170,000 acres; 
South Dakota, 170,000 acres; Washington, 200,000 acres. 

2 Includes educatioaal, penal, etc., 290,000 acres. 

Source: General Land Office, Department of the Interior. 



PUBLIC LAND 



131 



No. 140. RECEIPTS UNDER THE MINERAL LEASING ACT OF FEBRUARY 25, 
1920: FROM THE PASSAGE OF THE ACT TO JUNE 30, 1936 



State 


Total 


1921-1931, 

total 


1937 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1936 


Total 


Dollars 
98, 459, 794 


Dollars 
80, 481, 708 


Dollars 
3, 236, 978 


Dollars 
3, 256, 440 


Dollars 
3, 206, 625 


Dollars 
3, 924, 652 


Dollars 
4, 353, 391 


















Alabama 


173,685 


127, 672 


8,983 


9,102 


10, 615 


11,838 


5,476 


Arizona 


305 


101 




203 








California 


28, 912, 426 


19, 857, 549 


1,402,264 


1, 643, 223 


1, 672, 954 


1,984,604 


2, 351. 833 


Colorado 


1, 099, 496 


705, 031 


70,023 


53,400 


50,475 


98,568 


121,998 


Idaho 


34,699 


17,682 


4,834 


1,225 


3,352 


3,749 


3,856 


Louisiana 


82, 021 


42,600 


5,578 


4,813 


13,927 


8,898 


6,204 


Montana 


2, 203, 461 


1,836,020 


69,099 


57, 716 


59, 842 


83,459 


97,326 


Nevada 


10, 216 


6,760 


2,256 


240 


160 


640 


160 


New Mexico .. __ 


1, 387, 424 


396,858 


118, 108 


139, 093 


165,458 


245,545 


322, 362 


North Dakota 


274, 921 


151, 786 


23,871 


33, 516 


16, 818 


25,188 


23,741 


Oregon 


21 




21 










South Dakota 


3,288 


1,331 


362 


498 


401 


426 


270 


Utah 


930, 924 


515, 921 


84,545 


79,857 


68,266 


69, 974 


112, 361 


Washington .- 


63,941 


32,292 


11, 924 


9,537 


9,645 


542 




Wyomine . . 


63, 282, 968 


56, 790. 104 


1, 435, 110 


1,224.017 


1. 134, 712 


1,391,221 


1. 307, 804 



No. 141. ACREAGE OF PUBLIC LAND WITHDRAWN FROM SETTLEMENT 
AND RESTORATIONS THEREFROM 

NOTE. These figures cover withdrawals and restorations for purposes shown only. They do not include 
national forests (see tables in section 28, Forests and Forest Products), national parks, withdrawals 
under the reclamation act, or small miscellaneous reservations 





Coal land 


Oil land 


Phosphate 
land 


Potash 
land 


Power-site 
reserve 1 


Reser- 
voir 
sites 


Public 
water 
reserve 


Withdrawals outstanding 
June 30 
1925 


31 442 263 


5 940 921 


2, 319, 863 


130,100 


4, 243, 768 


210,422 


357 307 


1926 


31, 128, 509 


5, 802, 617 


2, 320, 023 


7, 548, 537 


4, 499, 621 


253,608 


359,566 


1927 


30 535,330 


5 273,362 


2, 307, 919 


7, 548, 537 


4, 915, 131 


253,608 


362, 521 


1928 


29, 940, 372 


5, 275, 236 


2, 031, 306 


7, 548, 216 


4, 994, 937 


254,528 


392, 876 


1929 


29, 883, 366 


5, 183, 096 


2, 005, 045 


9, 411, 939 


5, 079, 487 


254,050 


405,231 


1930 


29, 825, 446 


5, 183, 096 


2, 004. 765 


9, 411, 939 


5, 118, 942 


254,050 


419, 339 


1931 


29 665,974 


5 259,426 


2, 004, 765 


9, 411, 906 


5, 077, 532 


254,010 


427,774 


1932 


29, 676, 854 


5, 259, 426 


2, 004, 765 


9,411,906 


4, 949, 421 


254, 010 


437.229 


1933 


28, 213, 458 


3 5, 155,015 


1, 889, 472 


9, 411, 906 


4, 910, 683 


254,010 


471, 401 


1934 


27 277 025 


5 155 015 


1, 889, 456 


9, 411, 906 


5, 147, 654 


254, 010 


480, 708 


1935 


26, 976, 775 


3 5, 168, 593. 


1, 889, 601 


9, 414, 466 


5, 165, 257 


254,010 


492, 848 


1936 


26, 971, 813 


3 5,168, 593 


1, 889, 601 


9,411,906 


5, 180, 591 


254,010 


495, 028 


Alabama . _-- - 










1,789 






Alaska . . 










214,454 




17 


\rizona 


139,415 








1 172 547 




23,425 


\rkan^as 










' 24^833 






California 


17,603 


1 178,392 




90,324 


642,454 


45,226 


210,303 


Colorado 


4,142 233 


215 370 






423 871 




12 778 


Florida - - 






66,796 










Idaho 


11,520 




276,239 




507 682 




19, 182 


Louisiana 




466 990 












Michigan 










1,240 






Minnesota 










12 309 






Montana . - 


6, 259, 193 


1, 336, 697 


280,089 




265,515 


9,080 


12,936 


Nebraska 










761 






Nevada 


83 673 






39 422 


62 696 




17 606 


New Mexico 


4, 119, 616 






9, 282, 160 


245,241 




11,246 


North Dakota 


5, 954, 364 


84 894 












Oregon 


4,361 








657,207 


18,603 


38,882 


South Dakota 














240 


Utah 


3 404 043 


31 344 473 


277,344 




590 471 


26 040 


46 076 


Washington . . 


691, 801 








253,262 


36,327 


1,040 


Wvoming 


2, 143, 991 


541, 777 


989,133 




104 259 


118, 734 


101,297 


New withdrawals during 
year ended June 30 
1933 










3,560 




37,784 


1934. .. 










257, 954 




11,027 


1935 




13, 578 


145 


2,560 


20,790 




12,460 


1936 










25 440 




2,180 


Restorations of land previ- 
ously withdrawn, year 
nded June 30 
1933 - 


1, 421, 250 








42,298 




3,612 


1934 


936, 433 




16 




20 983 




1,720 


1935 


300 250 








3 187 




320 


1936 


4,962 






2,560 


10,106 







i Includes withdrawals under act of June 25, 1910, power-site designations under acts of June 20, 1910, 
and June 9, 1916, and power-site classifications under act of Mar. 3, 1879. 
1 Adjusted. 3 Includes 13,578 acres withdrawn as helium reserve. 

Source of tables 140 and 141: General Land Office, Department of the Interior. 



132 



PUBLIC AND INDIAN LANDS 



No. 142. PUBLIC LAND: ACRES UNAPPROPRIATED AND UNRESERVED, JUNE 30 

NOTE. Owing to withdrawals of public lands by executive orders (see general note p. 126) , no computations 
of areas of the remaining public lands have been made since June 30, 1934. Data exclude unappropriated 
and unreserved public lands in Alaska amounting to approximately 346, 174,000 acres on June 30, 1934. 



State 


1890 


1900 


1910 


1920 


1930 


1933 


1934 


Total 


1586,216,881 


1 557, 643, 120 


343, 971, 674 


200, 320, 128 


178, 979, 446 


172, 084, 580 


165, 695, 479 


Alabama 


1 105 060 


359, 250 


108, 210 


37,200 


(2) 






Arizona 


49, 699, 052 


50, 286, 986 


41,491,369 


18,268,909 


15, 180, 880 


13, 203, 600 


13, 078, 560 


Arkansas 


4, 902, 329 


3, 493, 444 


612, 705 


276, 595 


190, 969 


( 2 ) 




California 


53, 922, 718 


42,467,512 


24,864,884 


19, 585, 801 


16, 623, 488 


16, 576, 463 


15, 795, 069 


Colorado 


39, 994, 446 


39, 650, 247 


21, 726, 192 


8, 941, 185 


8, 027, 468 


7, 545, 773 


7, 552, 197 


Florida 


5 624 426 


1 596,411 


453, 009 


120, 077 


18, 897 


( 2 ) 




Idaho 


46, 957, 290 


43, 286, 694 


24, 743, 804 


8,805,112 


10, 617, 970 


10, 510, 421 


10, 069, 092 


Iowa 


5,000 


(2) 












Kansas 


755, 791 


1, 196, 900 


137, 180 


4,346 


( 2 ) 






Louisiana 


1, 358, 853 


442, 224 


88,911 


14, 240 


(2) . 






Michigan 


832, 707 


430, 483 


107, 890 


73, 523 


( 2 ) 






Minnesota 


6, 913, 554 


4, 696, 203 


1, 563, 302 


256, 297 


189, 845 


( 2 ) 




Mississippi 


1,407,480 


285,804 


47,058 


33 360 


(2) 






Missouri 


1,151,463 


337, 946 


2,510 


18 


8 






Montana 


64, 807, 627 


67, 963, 057 


36, 015, 943 


5,973,741 


6, 601, 677 


6, 176, 931 


5, 878, 931 


Nebraska 


11,226 584 


9 798 688 


1 879 486 


66,844 


22 628 


(2) 




Nevada 


50, 804, 540 


61, 277, 506 


56,474,688 


54, 267, 175 


51, 454, 493 


51, 270, 277 


50, 975, 749 


New Mexico 


56, 360, 326 


56, 541, 170 


36, 454, 692 


18,448,878 


15, 664, 121 


13, 078, 285 


11, 783, 265 


North Dakota.. _. 
Oklahoma 


30,497,400 
3 3, 694, 693 


18, 725, 239 
5, 733, 572 


1,410,225 
5,007 


81,044 
7,404 


146, 505 
00 


146, 301 


141, 790 


Oregon 


38, 273, 228 


34, 377, 907 


17, 580, 573 


14,006,757 


13, 069, 136 


13, 012, 158 


12, 919, 345 


South Dakota 
Utah 


10,241,498 
36, 205, 100 


11, 930, 809 
42, 967, 451 


4, 562, 804 
35, 955, 554 


288,472 
29, 991, 715 


439,880 
23, 881, 445 


516, 680 
25, Oil, 021 


463, 420 
22, 532, 110 


Washington.. 


19, 646, 316 


11, 125, 883 


3, 196, 059 


1, 086, 686 


920,584 


709, 646 


692, 751 


Wisconsin 


819 320 


313, 565 


14,460 


5 154 


(2) 






Wyoming 


49, 010, 060 


48, 358, 169 


34, 575, 159 


19, 679, 595 


15,929,460 


14, 327, 024 


13, 813, 200 



1 Exclusive of the Cherokee Strip, containing 8,004,644 acres, and all other lands owned or claimed by 

2 Offices closed (see headnote, table 133); areas in these States have not been tabulated subsequently. 

3 Figures include 3,672,640 acres of unsurveyed land in public land strip. 

No. 143. AREA OF INDIAN RESERVATIONS AND INDIAN POPULATION 
OF THE UNITED STATES, EXCLUSIVE OF ALASKA: JUNE 30 



State 


Area of Indian reservations unallotted 
square miles 


Indian population 1 


1900 


1910 


1930 


1930 


1936 


1900 


1910 


1920 


1930 


1936 


Total 


121, 665 


64, 135 


55, 792 


50, 151 


79, 776 


270, 544 


304, 950 


336, 337 


340, 541 


334, 013 


Arizona .. 


23, 673 
635 


30, 242 
567 
756 
37 
750 
1 
4 
910 
8,682 
11 
1,073 
2,889 
137 
99 
2,031 
4,695 
1,995 
4,554 
280 
3,790 
477 
149 
5 


34, 195 
690 
619 
42 

87 


31, 881 
774 
619 
42 
90 
2 


29, 826 
888 
681 
42 
809 
59 
21 
1,161 
9,461 
106 
1,357 
8,968 


40, 189 
11,431 
995 
575 
3,557 
1,211 
7,557 
8,952 
10, 076 
3,854 
8,321 
9,480 
5,334 
1,436 
8,276 
100,191 
4,063 
19, 212 
2,115 
9,827 
10, 726 
1,642 
1,524 


38,475 
20, 976 
815 
358 
3,988 
1,385 
6,784 
11,095 
10, 766 
3,784 
6,192 
18,837 
5,476 
1,999 
8,256 
117,088 
3,477 
20, 303 
1,697 
9,625 
10, 303 
1,701 
1,570 


42,400 
16, 241 
796 
454 
4,048 
1,466 
7,510 
12, 681 
12, 374 
2,461 
5,900 
21, 530 
6,432 
8,268 
9,018 
6119,255 
6,629 
23,010 
3,057 
11,114 
10, 319 
1,748 
9,626 


47, 072 
19, 197 
813 
578 
3,890 
1,602 
3 1, 192 
15, 767 
14, 238 
4,358 
4,975 
28, 113 
4,445 
3,194 
10, 793 
6 121, 884 
4,518 
23,726 
1,591 
12, 572 
11,705 
2,014 
2,304 


2 45, 013 
23, 824 
834 
577 
4,205 
1,942 
s 1, 192 
15, 544 
15, 752 
4,563 
5,109 
2 35, 570 
* 4, 523 
3,297 
10, 739 
6 96, 244 
4,695 
27, 401 
2 2, 120 
13, 507 
12, 427 
2,261 
2,674 


California 


Colorado 


Florida 




Idaho 


2,132 
44 
13 
2,448 
14,845 
117 
1,491 
2,606 
137 
154 
5,784 
41,246 
2,031 
14.050 
3,186 
3,646 
595 
2,828 
4 


Kansas 


Michigan 




Minnesota 
Montana 


865 
5,538 
10 
1,135 
3,278 
137 
99 
156 
5 
1,860 
568 
526 
2,655 
424 
2,899 
5 


868 
1,183 
12 
1,300 
5,524 
137 
99 
2 
60 
1,756 
382 
532 
1,330 
428 
3,120 
10 


Nebraska 


Nevada.. 


New Mexico 
New York 


North Carolina- _ 
North Dakota 
Oklahoma 4 . 


99 
4,709 
4,502 
2,457 
7,537 
2,604 
2,694 
656 
1,125 
14 


Oregon . . 


South Dakota.... 
Utah 


Washington 
Wisconsin 


Wyoming 
Miscellaneous 



1 An Indian, as denned by the Indian Service, represents a person of Indian blood who, through wardship 
treaty, or inheritance, has acquired certain rights. Indians are accredited to the State where enrolled 
though an Indian may be carried on the rolls because of tribal or inheritance rights and reside elsewhere. 
Reservation and nonreservation Indians are included. Beginning 1930, Indians no longer under the juris- 
diction of the Indian Office are not included. Figures for 1930 are as of Apr. 1; for 1936, as of Jan. 1. 

For 1930 and prior years the entire population of the Southern Navajo Reservation and the Western 
Navajo Reservation was reported under Arizona; for 1936, the part of the former extending into New 
Mexico and the part of the latter extending into Utah is included in New Mexico and Utah, respectively. 

8 1927. < Estimate. Includes Indian Territory for 1900. 

Figures include data for the Five Civilized Tribes as follows: 1900, 84,570; 1910, 101,278; 1920 and 1930, 
101,506 (final roll of Mar. 4, 1907), including 23,405 freedmen and 2,582 intermarried whites; 1936, 72,626 
Indian members as reported by the Bureau of the Census, the freedmen and inter-married whites having 
been dropped from the rolls since they were not Indians though they had the legal rights of Indians. 

Source of tables 142 and 143: General Land Office and Commissioner of Indian Affairs, respectively- 
Department of the Interior. 



7. CLIMATE 

No. 144. CLIMATIC CONDITIONS: SELECTED CITIES IN THE UNITED STATES 

NOTE. The table presented herewith shows the more important facts concerning the weather at a num- 
ber of points in the United States selected with a view to covering all the important climatic sections 
and including at least one from each State. The temperature extremes include the entire period of 
observations to Dec. 31, 1936. Other data are long-time averages covering periods ranging from 20 to 
more than 50 years. All monthly mean temperature values except those at Hartford and Wilmington, 
are normals, based on long records. Similarly, all monthly averages of precipitation are normals except 
the amounts given at Wilmington. Average hourly wind velocity data are reduced to true velocities. 
Temperatures are Fahrenheit 



Station 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


May 


June 


July 


Aug. 


Sept 


Oct 


Nov. 


Dec. 


An- 
nual 


ALABAMA, MONTGOMERY 

Temperature: 
Monthly mean 


48.2 
57.7 
40.0 
80 
5 

5.20 
11 
0.2 

52 

,1 

51.2 
65.0 
38.6 
84 
16 

0.80 
(I)* 

75 
17 
5.3 

41.4 
50.4 
340 

78 
-8 

4.73 
10 
2.0 

48 
10 
8.1 

46.2 
54.2 
38.1 
73 
17 

1.73 
8 
0.1 

44 
8 
5.6 


51.6 
60.7 
42.4 
84 
-5 

5.45 
10 
0.3 

!53 
B 

8.0 

i55. 1 
69.0 
i43.2 
92 
24 

0.77 
0) 

78 
15 
5.7 

44.9 

53.6 
36.3 
87 
-12 

3.84 

3 

53 
10 
8.8 

51.1 
61.4 
41.7 
84 
24 

1.43 

7 

0) 

64 
12 
6.0 


57.8 
67.8 
48.2 
90 
20 

5.99 
10 
0) 

61 
12 
7.9 

60.7 
745 
46.9 
95 
30 

0.68 


82 
18 
6.2 

53.0 
62.5 
440 
90 
14 

462 
10 
0.5 

57 
11 
9.4 

55.0 
66.3 
446 
87 
28 

1.58 
0) 

72 
14 

6.6 


65.3 
75.5 
55.2 
92 
30 

430 
8 
0) 

68 
12 
7.4 

67.0 
82.2 
52.8 
103 
35 

0.40 
2 


87 
20 

6.4 

62.1 
71.9 
53.0 
94 
28 

5.19 
10 

0) 

62 
11 
8.8 

60.2 
73.9 
47.9 
101 
34 

0.95 

4 


83 

18 
7.6 


73.4 
83.3 
63.0 
99 
43 

3.84 
9 


70 
13 
6.7 

75.0 

90.4 
59.8 
114 
39 

0.12 
1 


92 
23 
X6.5 

70.3 
79.0 
60.7 
97 
39 

478 
10 


66 
10 
7.5 

67.1 
81.5 
52.9 
110 
38 

0.44 
1 

88 
21 
8.5 


79.6 
89.7 
70.1 
106 
48 

3.80 
11 


71 
9 
6.3 

845 
101.1 
69.0 
118 
49 

0.07 
1 



94 
25 

6.3 

77.4 
87.0 
68.7 
105 
51 

3.76 
10 


73 
11 
6.4 

75.8 
91.1 
59.5 
112 
42 

0.08 

1 


94 
26 
8.7 


81.7 
90.9 
72.4 
107 
61 

486 
12 


64 
8 
6.0 

89.8 
103.2 
77.1 
118 
63 

1.07 
5 


82 
16 
6.3 

80.9 
90.2 
72.0 
108 
58 

3.50 

9 


72 
12 
6.0 

82.1 
99.1 
64.9 
115 
50 

0.01 

( \ 

97 
29 

8.2 


80.8 
89.9 
71.8 
103 
58 

423 
11 


66 
9 
5.8 

88.5 
101.1 
75.7 
115 
58 

0.95 
6 


83 

18 

5.8 

79.8 
89.3 
70.9 
110 
52 

3.75 
9 


73 
14 
5.7 

80.7 
97.4 
63.6 
113 
51 

0.01 

(1) o 

96 
28 
7.6 


76.3 
86.4 
67.5 
106 
45 

2.99 
8 


68 
13 

6.3 

82.7 
97.0 
68.9 
112 
47 

0.75 
3 


89 
22 
5.6 

74.1 
83.9 
65.2 
104 
41 

3.17 
7 


71 
14 
5.9 

73.4 
89.1 
58.0 
111 
42 

0.21 
1 


92 
25 
6.9 


66.6 
76.5 
56.3 
96 
31 

2.46 
6 


69 
16 
6.5 

70.6 
86.3 
56.0 
105 
36 

a 47 

2 


89 
23 

5.4 

63.6 
73.5 
53.9 
93 
27 

2.71 
6 
0) 

69 
16 
6.4 

64.0 
78.4 
51.0 
100 
35 

0.57 
2 


87 
23 
5.9 


55.8 
66.1 
46.1 
85 
18 

3.23 
7 
0) 

63 
14 
6.7 

59.7 
74.5 
45.2 
96 
27 

0.70 
3 

(9 

83 
20 
5.2 

52.1 
61.4 
43.2 
84 
10 

419 
8 
0.2 

57 
13 

7.4 

542 
66.5 
43.3 
86 
27 

0.93 
4 


73 
17 
5.3 


49.4 
58.4 
40.8 
81 
8 

484 
10 
0.3 

46 
10 
7.1 

52.0 
65.4 
38.8 
81 
22 

1.00 
4 
(0 

77 
18 
5.1 

442 
52.1 
36.0 

78 

414 
9 
LI 

48 
11 
7.9 

46.2 
548 
38.2 
76 
18 

1.45 

C) 7 

49 
10 
5.4 


65.5 
75.2 
56.2 
107 
-5 

51.19 
113 
0.8 

63 
134 

6.8 

69.7 
841 
56.0 
118 
16 

7.78 
39 
(0 

84 
235 
5.8 

62.0 
71.2 
53.2 
110 
12 

48.38 
106 
5.1 

62 
143 
7.4 

63.0 
76.1 
50.3 
115 
17 

9.39 
43 
0.1 

78 
231 
6.9 


Daily mean maximum 


Daily mean ininiTTnim 


Highest on record 


Lowest on record .- 


Precipitation: 
Total, inches 


Days with 0.01 inch or more. 
Total snowfall, inches 


Percentage of possible sun- 
shine 


Number of clear days 


Hourly wind velocity, miles... 

ARIZONA, PHOENIX 

Temperature: 
Monthly mean 


Daily mean maximum . 


Daily mean rpinimnTn 


Highest on record 


Lowest on record 


Precipitation: 
Total, inches 


Days with 0.01 inch or more- 
Total snowfall, inches 


Percentage of possible sun- 
shine 


Number of rlfiar days 


Hourly wind velocity, miles. . 

ARKANSAS, LITTLE ROCK 

Temperature: 
Monthly mean 


Daily mean maximum 


Daily rnean minimviTn 


Highest on record 


Lowest on record 


Precipitation: 
Total, inches 


Days with 0.01 inch or more- 
Total snowfall, inches 
Percentage of possible sun- 
shine .- 


Number of clear days 


Hourly wind velocity, miles .. 

CALIFORNIA, FRESNO 

Temperature: 
Monthly mean. 


Daily mean maximum 
Daily mean minimum 
Highest on record. 


Lowest on record 


Precipitation: 
Total, inches . 


Days with 0.01 inch or more- 
Total snowfall, inches 


Percentage of possible sun- 
shine _ 


Number of clear days 


Hourly wind velocity, miles. . 



'Trace. 



Less than 1 day. 



133 



134 CLIMATE 

No. 144. CLIMATIC CONDITIONS, ETC. Continued 



Station 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


May 


June 


July 


Aug 


Sept. 


Oct. 


Nov. 


Dec 


An- 
nual 


CALIFORNIA, LOS ANGELES 

Temperature: 
Monthly mean 


54.6 
64.7 
45.7 
90 

28 

3.10 
0) 

70 
15 
6.2 

54.3 
62.5 
46.6 
85 
25 

2.06 
7 


68 
15 
6.2 

49.9 
55.0 
44.7 
78 
29 

4.54 
11 
0) 

53 
11 

7.6 

29.8 
43.0 
18.3 
76 
-29 

0.40 
4 
4.6 

68 
15 
7.6 

26.5 
35.9 
20.7 
70 
-12 

3.94 
12 
11.0 

46 
9 
8.6 


55.5 
65.6 
46.9 
92 

28 

3.07 

0) 6 

68 
12 

6.4 

55.1 
62.9 
48.0 
89 
34 

2.03 
7 


57.5 
67.4 
48.6 
99 
31 

2.78 
6 


68 
13 
6.4 

56.7 
64.0 
50.0 
99 
36 

1.72 


59.4 
69.5 
50.5 
100 
36 

1.04 


62.2 
71.6 
53.3 
103 

40 

0.45 



63 
11 
6.2 

60.8 
66.3 
55.8 
98 
45 

0.35 
3 


66.4 
76.4 
56.5 
105 
46 

0.08 
1 


70 
13 
6.1 

63.9 
69.2 
58.9 
96 
50 

0.05 
1 


70.2 
81.2 
59.8 
109 
49 

0.01 
( 2 ) 

78 
16 
5.9 

67.2 
72.5 
62.5 
100 
54 

0.03 
1 


68 
17 
6.8 

58.5 
65.1 
52.7 
99 
47 

0.02 

(1) o 

69 
15 
11.6 

72.2 

85.5 
59.1 
102 
42 

1.68 
9 


67 
11 
6.9 

71.6 
82.6 
63.3 
101 
48 

4.37 
10 


57 
9 
7.6 


71.1 
82.0 
60.6 
106 
49 

0.02 

( 2 ) 

79 
18 
5.8 

68.7 
73.9 
63.8 
94 


69.0 
80.4 

58.5 
108 
44 

0.1' 



77 
17 
5.7 

67.1 
73.0 
61.4 


65.3 
76.2 
54.8 
102 
40 

0.68 

1 

C 

76 
17 
5.7 

63.7 
70.4 
56.8 
96 
44 

0.54 
3 


72 
18 
6.3 

60.5 
67.7 
53.6 
96 
43 

1.12 
4 


70 
17 
7.9 

51.2 
64.6 
38.0 
9( 
2 

1.05 
6 
4.5 

70 
16 
7.0 

51.2 
63.1 
43.9 
91 
24 

3.52 
9 

(0 

53 
12 
7.6 


60.9 
72.6 
50.8 
96 
34 


56.6 
66.7 
47.4 
89 
30 

2.63 
6 

0) 

73 
17 
6.2 

56.0 
64.4 
48.2 
84 
32 

1.87 
6 


72 
17 
6.1 

51.3 
56.1 
46.3 
74 

27 

3.95 
11 
0.1 

56 
12 
7.4 

32.3 
44.2 
20.0 
74 
-25 

0.73 
5 
9.1 

65 
15 
7.2 

29.8 
38.0 
24.2 
67 
-18 

3.97 
10 
8.6 

43 
9 
8.1 


62.4 
72.9 
52.8 
109 
28 

15.23 
37 
P) 

72 
179 
6.1 

61.0 
67.7 
54.7 
110 
25 

10.30 
45 


68 
187 
6.7 

56.1 
62.6 
50.2 
101 
27 

22.02 
65 
0.2 

65 
167 
9.2 

50.0 
62.9 
37.5 
105 
-29 

14.05 
85 
55.7 

66 
151 
7.4 

48.5 
58.8 
41.2 
101 
-18 

44.90 
126 
43.1 

52 
118 

8.1 


Daily mean maximum 


Daily mean minimum 


Highest on record 


Lowest on record 


Precipitation: 
Total, inches 


1.20 

3 
C) 

78 
18 
5.9 

59.7 
68.3 
51.7 
93 
36 

0.76 
4 


77 
18 
6.1 

56.3 
62.8 
50.6 
83 
38 

2.35 
7 


62 
14 
7.2 

39.8 
52.5 
27.5 
79 
-18 

0.55 
5 
6.4 

67 
15 
7.2 

39.5 
49.9 
34.5 
77 
6 

3.55 
10 
2.1 

45 
8 
8.3 


Days with 0.01 inch or more. 
Total snowfall, inches 


4 



68 
12 
6.4 

58.5 
65.3 
52.7 
96 
39 

0.77 
4 


Percentage of possible sun- 
shine 


Number of clear days 


Hourly wind velocity, miles. 

CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO 

Temperature: 
Monthly mean 


Daily mean maximum . 


Daily mean minimum 


Highest on record 


110 
50 

0.08 
1 



72 
18 
6.7 

60.9 
68.3 
54.6 
101 
47 

0.45 

f, 
A 



71 
16 
9.5 

62.9 
76.5 
48.9 
97 
21 

0.99 
6 
0.5 

70 
15 
6.7 

61.7 

73.4 
54.5 
95 
32 

3.49 
9 


53 
11 
7.1 


Lowest on record 


54 


Precipitation: 
Total, inches 


O.fc 


71 
18 
6.7 

59.1 
65.3 
53.3 
92 
46 

0.01 

(1) o 

63 
13 
11.0 

70.7 
84.2 
57.9 
105 
40 

1.43 
9 


67 
11 
6.6 

68.9 
79.7 
60.9 
100 
43 

4.29 
10 


56 
10 
7.2 


Days with 0.01 inch or more- 


Percentage of possible sun- 
shine 


66 
13 
6.7 

52.2 
58.5 
47.0 
80 
33 

3.85 
10 
0.1 

55 
11 
7.8 

32.7 
44.8 
20.9 
77 
-25 

0.53 
6 
7.9 

66 

12 
7.6 

27.2 
35.2 
19.1 
69 
-15 

3.83 
10 
13.8 

55 
10 
8.7 


67 
14 
7.1 

54.2 
60.7 
48.2 
86 
33 

3.14 
(0 

63 
12 

8.7 

39.3 
51.4 
27.0 
82 
-11 

1.04 
8 
10.6 

64 
11 

8.2 

35.0 
45.5 
28.7 
82 
4 

3.90 
11 
6.2 

55 
11 
9.1 


68 
14 
7.3 

55.0 
62.2 
49.3 
89 
40 

1.61 
6 


71 
14 
$7 

47.1 
59.6 
35.3 
86 
4 

2.06 
9 
10.0 

63 
9 
8.4 

46.7 
56.9 
38.3 
90 
11 

3.36 
12 
1.4 

53 
9 
9.1 


60 
12 
7.3 

56.8 
63.3 
50.6 
97 
42 

0.80 
4 


70 
15 
10.6 

56.2 
68.8 
44.3 
92 
19 

2.21 
11 
2.1 

60 
9 

7.7 

57.5 
68.7 
48.7 
94 
32 

3.60 
12 
0) 

56 
10 
8.5 


61 
13 
7.0 

58.5 
65.6 
52.1 
100 
46 

0.1S 

c 

76 
17 
11.3 

66.3 
80.2 
53.2 
99 
32 

1.38 

7 

69 

12 
7.3 

67.4 
77.3 
57.5 
98 
40 

3.08 
11 


57 
10 
7.8 


Number of clear days 


Hourly wind velocity, miles. 

CALIFORNIA, SAN FRANCISCO 

Temperature: 
Monthly mean.. 


Daily mean maximum... .. 


Daily mean minimum .. 


Highest on record 


Lowest on record 


Precipitation: 
Total, inches 


Days with 0.01 inch or more- 
Total snowfall, inches 


Percentage of possible sun- 
shine 


Number of clear days 


Hourly wind velocity, miles... 

COLORADO, DENVER 

Temperature: 
Monthly mean 


Daily mean maximum 


Daily mean minimum 


Highest on record 


Lowest on record 


Precipitation: 
Total, inches. 


Days with 0.01 inch or more- 
Total snowfall, inches 


Percentage of possible sun- 
shine 


Number of clear days 


Hourly wind velocity, miles... 

CONNECTICUT, HARTFORD 

Temperature: 
Monthly mean 


Daily mean maximum 


Daily mean minimum 


Highest on record 


Lowest on record 


Precipitation: 
Total, inches 


Days with 0.01 inch or more- 
Total snowfall, inches 


Percentage of possible sun- 
shine 


Number of clear days 


Hourly wind velocity, miles... 



'Trace. 



1 Less than 1 day. 



CLIMATE 135 

No. 144. CLIMATIC CONDITIONS, ETC. Continued 



Station 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


May 


June 


July 


Aug. 


Sept. 


Oct. 


Nov. 


Dec. 


An- 
nual 


DELAWARE, WILMINGTON 

Temperature: 
Monthly mean 


33.1 
40.6 
25.5 
71 
-10 

3.47 
9 
6.5 
14 

33.4 
42.2 
26.5 
77 
14 


32.6 
40.5 
24.7 
78 
-15 

3.26 
9 
6.7 
14 

35.3 
43.6 
27.2 
84 
-15 

3.27 
10 

5.8 

53 
9 

7.7 

58.0 
66.7 
49.1 
86 
10 

2.97 
0) 

59 
10 

9.5 

67.1 
75.0 
61.4 
88 
27 

1.83 
6 


72 
11 
9.6 

61.9 
71.4 
53.7 
86 
22 

2.56 

7 

(0 

66 
11 
8.4 


42.3 

51.4 
32.8 
80 
6 

3.53 
10 
3.5 
15 

42.6 
52.3 
34.3 
93 
4 

3.75 
12 
3.9 

55 
10 

8.5 

62.6 
71.9 
54.1 
91 
26 

2.91 
8 
(0 

68 
13 

9.8 

70.2 
76.7 
63.8 
92 
34 

2.17 

7 


74 
12 
10.0 

66.8 
76.0 
57.8 
92 
32 

2.43 
6 


71 
14 
8.6 


52.3 
62.7 
42.1 
97 
11 

3.48 
9 
1.0 
15 

53.3 
63.4 
43.6 
95 
15 

3.27 
11 
0.5 

58 
11 

8.0 

68.7 
77.3 
59.8 
92 
34 

2.38 

7 


73 
13 
9.7 

72.8 
79.8 
67.7 
93 
45 

3.09 
8 


73 
10 
9.9 

70.9 
80.4 
62.0 
91 
38 

2.01 
C 

74 
13 

8.4 


63.0 
73.6 
52.4 
98 
31 

3.58 
10 

15 

63.7 
74.4 
54.0 
97 
33 

3.70 
12 
0) 

61 
11 

6.4 

75.0 
83.3 
66.4 
98 
46 

4.02 
9 


71 
12 
9.1 

76.4 
82.7 
71.5 
94 
50 

6.22 
12 


67 
7 
9.3 

76.3 
85.5 
67.6 
94 
52 

2,99 
7 


74 
11 
7.9 


71.5 
81.8 
61.1 
102 
41 

3.91 
9 

16 

72.2 

82.4 
62.9 
102 
43 

4.13 
11 


64 
11 
5.7 

79.9 
87.9 
71.9 
101 
54 

5.33 
13 


64 
8 
8.8 

80.0 
85.5 
74.7 
94 
61 

6.86 
13 


62 
5 
8.4 

80.2 
88.6 
71.9 
98 
59 

7.25 
14 


ee 

7.3 


76.3 

85.8 
66.8 
106 
49 

4.96 
9 

17 

76.8 
86.6 
67.7 
106 
52 

4.71 
11 


64 
11 
5.3 

82.1 
89.9 
73.8 
104 
65 

6.71 
15 


64 
8 
8.7 

81.0 
87.1 
76.1 
96 
66 

5.42 
15 


67 
5 
8.1 

81.2 
89.3 
73.7 
97 
65 

7.95 
17 


63 
5 
6.6 


74.0 
83.3 
64.7 
107 
47 

4.88 
10 

16 

75.0 
84.0 
65.7 
106 
49 

4.01 
11 


61 
11 
4.9 

81.7 
89.3 
73.7 
101 
64 

5.81 
15 


65 
8 
8.3 

81.4 
87.5 
76.5 
96 
67 

6.17 
15 


68.2 
77.6 
58.9 
98 
33 

3.66 
7 

17 

68.1 
78.2 
59.3 
104 
36 

3.24 

8 


62 
12 
5.1 

78.3 
85.5 
71.5 
99 
49 

7.35 
13 


62 
9 

8.7 

80.1 
86.1 
75.5 
95 
62 

8.34 
18 


56.8 
66.2 
47.5 
90 
23 

3.09 
6 
0.1 
18 

57.4 
66.9 
47.3 
93 
26 

2.84 
8 

0) 

62 
14 

5.7 

71.1 
78.3 
63.5 
95 
37 

4.46 
10 


59 
12 
9.2 

77.0 

82.9 
72.8 
93 
52 

8.44 
16 


45.6 
53.6 
37.6 
78 
11 

2.99 
8 
0.4 
15 

45.2 
54.5 
37.3 
83 
11 

2.37 
9 
0.7 

53 
10 
6.6 

62.2 
70.8 
54.2 
86 
26 

1.98 
7 


63 
13 
9.0 

71.8 
77.6 
66.4 
88 
36 

2.97 
10 


35.0 
42.2 
27.8 
70 

-7 

3.52 
9 
4.6 
14 

36.6 
44.3 
29.1 
74 
-13 

3.32 
10 
3.5 

47 

10 
6.7 

56.3 
65.2 
48.0 
83 
14 

3.02 

0) 

53 
11 
8.9 

68.0 
75.3 
62.8 
91 
30 

1.69 

7 


54.2 
63.3 
45.2 
107 
-15 

44.33 
105 
22.8 
186 

55.0 
64.4 
46.2 
106 
-15 

42.16 
124 
21.0 

57 
129 
6.4 

69.3 
77.6 
61.1 
104 
10 

49.74 
122 
0) 

63 
128 
9.1 

74.4 
80.9 
69.3 
96 
27 

55.66 
136 


67 
96 
9.3 

71.8 
80.7 
63.6 
98 
19 

49.36 
115 
C 1 ) 

66 
121 

7.8 


Daily mean maximum 


Daily mean minimum 


Highest on record 


Lowest on record.. 


Precipitation: 
Total inches 


Days with 0.01 inch or more- 
Total snowfall, inches 


Number of clear days 


D. C., WASHINGTON 

Temperature: 
Monthly mean 


Daily mean maximum 


Daily mean minimum 


Highest on record 




Precipitation: 
Total inches 


3.55 
11 
6.6 

46 
9 
7.0 

5& 4 

64.6 
.47.4 
83 
15 

2. Ml 
9 
(9 

57 
11 
9.2 

66.5 
74.4 
62.1 
85 
29 

2.52 
9 


64 
9 
9.7 

60.4 
70.0 
52.3 
83 
23 

2.69 
7 


60 
11 
8.0 


Days with 0.01 inch or more- 
Total snowfall, inches 


Percentage of possible sun- 
shine 


Number of clear days 


Hourly wind velocity, miles ._ 

FLORIDA, JACKSONVILLE 

Temperature: 
Monthly mean.. 


Daily mean maximum 


Daily mean minimum 


Highest on record 


Lowest on record 


Precipitation: 
Total, inches 


Days with 0.01 inch or more- 
Total snowfall, inches 


Percentage of possible sun- 
shine.. -. 


Number of clear days 


Hourly wind velocity, miles.. 

FLORIDA, MIAMI 

Temperature: 
Monthly mean 


Daily mean maximum 


Daily mean minimum 


Highest on record-- 


Lowest on record 


Precipitation: 
Total, inches 


Days with 0.01 inch or more- 


Percentage of possible sun- 
shine 


69 
6 
8.2 

81.5 
89.6 
73.9 
97 
66 

8.18 
17 


65 
5 
6.7 


64 
5 

8.8 

79.9 
88.2 
72.3 
96 
54 

6.42 
15 


65 
7 
7.5 


63 
7 
9.7 

74.3 

82.6 
66.3 
93 
43 

3.09 
8 


66 
12 
8.4 


65 
1 
10.7 

66.9 
75.9 
58.2 
88 
32 

1.72 
5 


67 
13 
8.1 


67 
10 
9.3 

61.1 
70.7 
53.1 
86 
19 

2.07 
C) 

60 
12 

7.8 


Number of clear days 


Hourly wind velocity, miles .. 

FLORIDA, TAMPA 

Temperature: 
Monthly mfian 


Daily mean maximum. .. 


Daily mean minimum 


Highest on record 


Lowest on record 


Precipitation: 
Total, inches 


Days with 0.01 inch or more- 
Total snowfall, inches- 


Percentage of possible sun- 
shine 


Number of clear days ...I 


Hourly wind velocity, miles.. 



i Trace. 



136 



CLIMATE 



No. 144. CLIMATIC CONDITIONS, ETC. Continued 



Station 


Jan. 

42.6 
51.3 
35.6 
76 
-2 

4.95 
12 
0.7 

49 

10 
12.0 

29.8 
37.3 
21.9 
62 

-28 

1.73 
11 
8.2 

37 

5 
5.7 

23.7 
31.1 
17.9 
65 
-20 

1.90 
11 
8.9 

45 
8 
12.5 

28.4 
36.3 
21.6 
70 
-25 

2.95 
12 
6.1 

43 
6 
11.6 

20.1 
30.1 
12.3 
65 
-30 

1.07 
8 
8.4 

55 
10 
10.1 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 

61.0 
70.3 
51.6 
93 
25 

3.61 
10 
0) 

66 
12 
11.0 

50.4 
62.4 
38.5 
92 
11 

1.18 
7 
0.7 

70 
9 

7.0 

46.9 

54.7 
39.5 
90 
17 

2.78 
11 
0.9 

57 
9 
12.7 

52.1 
61.2 
43.1 
90 
19 

3.62 
12 
0.7 

55 
8 
11.8 

50.1 
60.7 
40.4 
92 
11 

2.91 
10 
1.1 

59 
8 
11.1 


May 

69.9 
78.6 
60.1 
97 
38 

3.47 
10 


67 
11 
9.5 

57.1 

70.5 
44.9 
100 
25 

1.43 

7 
0) 

75 
11 
6.8 

57.5 
65.5 
49.0 
98 
27 

3.54 
11 
0) 

64 
10 
11.2 

62.9 
72.2 
53.4 
96 
31 

3.89 
13 
0.1 

61 
9 
10.5 

61.3 
71.6 
51.1 
105 
26 

4.56 
12 

0) 

62 
8 
10.4 


June 


July 


Aug. 

77.0 
85.8 
69.0 
101 
55 

4.45 
12 


61 
9 

7.5 

71.8 
87.9 
56.4 
121 
32 

0.19 
2 


88 
22 
5.6 

71.6 
79.2 
4.1 
102 
47 

3.21 
9 


69 
13 
9.6 

73.7 
83.3 
64.5 
103 
44 

3.31 
9 


67 
11 

8.6 

73.1 
83.7 
63.0 
110 
40 

3.52 
9 


69 
13 
8 : 


Sept. 


Oct. 

63.0 
71.5 
53.8 
94 

28 

2.59 

7 
0) 

67 
16 
9.8 

51.1 
64.0 
39.2 
95 
14 

1.24 
6 
0.1 

69 
14 

5.4 

54.0 
61.7 
45.9 
87 
14 

2.53 
9 
0.1 

59 
12 
10.9 

55.7 
64.6 
46.4 
89 
22 

2.78 
9 
0.1 

62 
12 
9.9 

53.4 
63.8 
43.3 
91 

7 

2.50 
8 
0.3 

62 
13 

9.8 


Nov. 


Dec. 


An- 
nual 


GEORGIA, ATLANTA 

Temperature: 
Monthly mean _ 


45.3 
54.0 
37.2 

78 
-8 

4.79 
11 
0.9 

54 
9 
12.3 

34.8 
43.2 
26.6 
69 
-13 

1.44 
9 

5.4 

52 
6 
6.1 

26.3 
33.4 
19.9 
68 
-21 

2.14 
10 
8.6 

50 
12.1 

31.1 
38.7 
23.3 
73 
-18 

2.73 
11 

4.8 

47 

H.8 

23.7 

33.8 
15.7 
78 
-26 

1.12 
6.9 

58 
9 
10.4 


52.0 
61.7 

43.4 
87 
8 

5.30 
11 
0.1 

61 
12 
12.1 

42.7 
52.8 
32.8 
83 
-5 

1.35 
9 
2.9 

62 
8 
6.8 

35.3 

42.8 
28.9 
81 
-12 

2.58 
12 
6.1 

53 
8 
13.3 

40.0 

48.7 
32.1 

84 


3.93 
13 
3.7 

48 
6 
12.1 

35.9 

45.9 
27.4 
88 
-10 

1.78 
9 

5.5 

57 
8 
11.6 


76.0 

85.3 
67.1 
102 
39 

3.74 
11 



68 
10 
8.3 

65.3 

79.6 
51.3 
107 
30 

0.92 
5 
0) 

81 
14 
6.2 

67.3 

75.7 
59.3 
102 
40 

3.30 
11 



70 
10 
10.3 

71.6 

81.4 
62.7 
101 
39 

3.62 
11 


67 
8 
9.5 

70.6 

80.7 
61.0 
103 
37 

4.76 
11 


67 
8 
9.3 


78.1 
87.0 
69.7 
103 
58 

4.65 
13 



61 
8 
7.9 

72.9 
89.6 
57.8 
113 
40 

0.24 
2 


88 
22 
5.9 

72.5 
80.5 
65.1 
105 
50 

3.33 
9 


73 
13 
9.6 

75.7 
85.7 
66.7 
106 
48 

3.34 
10 


72 
11 

8.8 

75.4 
86.3 
65.4 
110 
48 

3.50 
9 


74 
12 

8.7 


72.4 
81.8 
64.7 
102 
43 

2.99 

8 


64 
'13 

8.4 

61.9 
75.7 
47.3 
103 
23 

0.53 
3 
P) 

78 
18 
5.5 

65.2 
73.4 
57.3 
98 
32 

3.14 
9 


64 
12 
10.2 

66.9 
76.8 
57.8 
98 
30 

3.40 
9 


67 
12 
9.2 

65.6 
75.7 
55.1 
99 
26 

3.67 
9 


63 
12 
9.0 


52.1 
60.5 
43.6 
82 
14 

3.03 
8 
P) 

61 
13 
11.0 

41.0 
50.0 
31.0 
85 
-10 

1.28 
8 
1.5 

51 
9 
5.6 

40.1 
47.0 
33.5 

77 
-2 

2.37 
10 
1.6 

46 
8 
12.2 

42.3 

49.8 
34.7 
78 
-5 

3.35 
11 
1.3 

49 
8 
11.3 

38.4 
47.6 
29.6 
79 
-10 

1.43 
7 
2.2 

53 
10 
10.4 


44.7 
52.3 
36.9 
75 
1 

4.70 
11 

0.4 

47 
10 
11.5 

32.1 

39.5 
24.5 
67 
-18 

1.57 
10 
5.6 

40 
6 

5.5 

28.8 
35.2 
22.8 
68 
23 


61.2 
70.0 

52.7 
103 
-8 

48.27 
124 
2.1 

60 
133 
10.1 

50.9 
62.7 
39.4 
121 
-28 

13.10 
79 
24.4 

66 
144 
6.0 

49.1 
56.7 
41.9 
105 
-23 

32.86 
123 
33.2 

58 
117 
11.4 

52.7 
61.5 
44.3 
106 
-25 

39.90 
132 
21.5 

56 
103 
10.5 

49.5 
59.5 
40.2 
110 
-30 

32.04 
107 
31.5 

61 
120 
9.9 


Daily mean maximum 


Daily mean minimum 


Highest on record 




Precipitation: 
Total inches 


Days with 0.01 inch or more. 
Total snowfall, inches 


Percentage of possible sun- 
shine 


Number of clear days 


Hourly wind velocity, miles. . 

IDAHO, BOISE 

Temperature: 
Monthly mean 


Daily mean maximum __ 


Daily mean minimum 


Highest on record 


Lowest on record 


Precipitation: 
Total inches 


Days with 0.01 inch or more- 
Total snowfall, inches 


Percentage of possible sun- 
shine 


Number of clear days 


Hourly wind velocity, miles.. 

ILLINOIS, CHICAGO 

Temperature: 
Monthly mean.. . 


Daily mean maximum 


Daily mean minimum 


Highest on record 


Lowest on record 


Precipitation: 
Total, inches 


2.04 
11 
7.0 

40 
7 
11.9 

32.2 
39.0 
25.4 
69 
-15 

2.98 
12 
4.7 

39 
6 
11.2 

26.0 
34.1 
17.9 
69 
-21 

1.22 
8 
7.1 

49 
9 

9.8 


Days with 0.01 inch or more- 
Total snowfall, inches 


Percentage of possible sun- 
shine 


Number of clear days 


Hourly wind velocity, miles. . 

INDIANA, INDIANAPOLIS 

Temperature: 
Monthly mean. 


Daily mean maximum 


Daily mean minimum 


Highest on record 


Lowest on record 


Precipitation: 
Total, inches 


Days with 0.01 inch or more- 
Total snowfall, inches. 


Percentage of possible sun- 
shine 


Number of clear days 


Hourly wind velocity, miles. . 

IOWA, DBS MOINES 

Temperature: 
Monthly man 


Daily mean maximum 


Daily mean minimum 


Highest on record 


Lowest on record 


Precipitation: 
Total, inches 


Days with 0.01 inch or more- 
Total snowfall, inches 
Percentage of possible sun- 
shine 


Number of clear days 


Hourly wind velocity, miles. . 



i Trace. 



CLIMATE 137 

No. 144. CLIMATIC CONDITIONS, ETC. Continued 



Station 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


May 


June 


July 


Aug. 


Sept. 


Oct. 


Nov. 


Dec. 


An- 
nual 


KANSAS, DODGE CITY 

Temperature: 
Monthly mean 


29.0 
41.8 
17.8 
79 
-20 

0.41 
4 
3.4 

68 
15 
10.3 

34.4 
42.7 
27.2 
74 
-20 

4.00 
12 
4.2 

43 

8 
9.9 

54.2 
62.5 
47.3 
82 
15 

4.34 
10 
0.1 

48 
( 
8.2 

22.4 
30.5 

15 e? 

-18 
a ?2 

w!! 

53 
11 
8.9 

33.8 
41.7 
27.8 
79 
-6 

3.50 
11 

6.5 

49 
I 

7.7 


33.2 
46.1 
21.2 
84 
-26 

0.77 
5 
5.4 

67 

13 
10.7 

37.2 

45.2 
28.7 
78 
-14 

3.55 
10 
3.7 

48 

7 
10.1 

57.3 

65.1 
49.7 
84 

7 

4.25 
9 
0.2 

51 
1 

8.7 

23.8 
31.3 
15.7 
58 
-18 

4.00 
11 
20.6 

58 
11 
9.1 

35.4 

42.6 
28.2 
83 

-7 

3.39 
10 
6.8 

56 

y 

8.1 


42.8 
56.2 
29.1 

-8 

0.89 
6 
4.3 

n 

13 
12.4 

45.4 
54.6 
36.8 
88 
3 

4.39 
12 

2.1 

52 
8 
10.8 

62.8 
71.0 
55.2 
90 
28 

4.72 
9 
0) 

57 
11 
8.8 

31.8 
39.6 
25.0 
79 
-7 

3.86 
12 
11.8 

59 
11 
9.6 

42.3 
51.0 
35.0 
88 
5 

3.71 
12 
4.6 

58 
10 

8.6 


53.6 
67.0 
40.9 
95 
9 

1.94 
7 
0.9 

68 
13 

13.3 

56.4 
65.7 
46.7 
91 
21 

ass 

12 
0.2 

58 
I 

9.9 

68.8 
76.8 
61.3 
90 
38 

5 24 


63.5 
75.2 

51.0 
101 
19 

2.89 
10 
C) 

67 
12 
12.5 

66.6 
75.8 
56.4 
98 
33 

3.72 
11 
0) 

63 
10 
8.5 

75.4 
82.9 
67.8 
96 
52 

4.60 
9 


67 
12 
7.2 

53.3 
61.3 
45.5 
94 
27 

3.40 
12 
0) 

58 
10 
8.7 

64.4 
73.2 
55.3 
98 
34 

3.54 
11 
0) 

60 
10 
7.8 


72.5 
85.3 
61.0 
107 
36 

3.30 
9 


73 
15 
12.0 

74.7 
84.2 
65.3 
102 
43 

3.82 
11 


69 
9 

7.7 

80.6 
88.1 
73.7 
102 
58 

5.88 
13 


63 
9 
6.3 

62.5 
70.8 
54.2 
96 
38 

3.28 
11 


61 
12 

7.8 

72.7 
81.7 
64.3 
105 
46 

ass 

11 


63 
1 

7.4 


78.4 
90.7 
66.0 
109 
46 

3.14 
8 


77 

16 
10.6 

78.6 
88.2 
69.1 
107 
54 

3.70 
10 


72 
12 
7.0 

82.4 
89.4 
75.5 
102 
66 

6.37 
15 


57 
7 
5.9 

68.1 
76.3 
60.1 
103 
48 

a 24 

12 


64 
11 

7.4 

77.2 
86.1 
69.3 
107 
54 

4.64 
11 


65 
10 
7.2 


77.7 
89.3 
64.7 
109 
43 

2.67 
8 


78 
17 
10.3 

77.0 
86.3 
67.3 
105 
47 

3.42 
9 


69 
12 
6.7 

82.2 
89.3 
75.6 
100 
63 

5.80 
14 


57 

7 
5.8 

66.4 
74.0 
58.8 
98 
45 

3.14 
11 


63 
12 
7.0 

75. 5 
83.4 
67.2 
105 
51 

4.37 
11 


62 
10 
6.9 


69.4 
81.8 
56.3 
103 
30 

L8 



17 
11.1 

70.5 
80.5 
61.0 
102 
36 

2.78 
8 


68 
13 
7.1 

79.2 
86.2 
72.9 
99 
54 

5.03 
10 


64 
12 
6.9 

59.6 
67.7 
52.2 

32 

3.10 
10 

0) 

61 
12 
7.6 

68.5 
77.5 
61.1 
101 
39 

3.37 
8 


64 
12 
7.0 


56.1 
69.5 
43.3 
94 
10 

L30 
5 
0.2 

75 
18 
10.8 

59.3 
68.7 
49.1 
91 
23 

2.65 
8 
0.1 

65 
14 

7.8 

71.0 
78.4 
64.1 
94 
40 

3.30 
7 


68 
16 

7.4 

49.9 
57.2 
42.4 
85 
22 

3.14 
10 

0) 

57 
11 
8.4 

58.2 
66.4 
49.5 
92 
30 

2.89 

0) 


42.6 
55.8 
29.8 
86 


32.6 
44.6 
21.0 
79 
-15 

a 57 

4 

ai 

67 
15 
10.1 

37.6 
44.7 
30.2 
74 
7 

a 74 

11 

3.1 

39 
7 
9.4 

55.6 
63.3 
48.4 
84 
19 

4.79 
10 
0) 

46 
9 
8.1 

27.6 
34.2 

" 
_ 

*g 

12.2 

49 
10 

8.8 

37.2 
44.0 
30.7 
73 
-3 

a 37 

11 
4.0 

49 
9 
7.6 


54.3 
66.9 
41.8 
109 
-26 

20.51 
75 
18.8 

70 
180 

11.2 

57.0 
66.0 
48.0 
107 
-20 

4a26 
124 
13.8 

58 
119 
8.7 

69.3 
76.9 
62.2 
102 

7 

57.46 
120 
0.3 

58 
125 
7.4 

45.5 
5a2 
38.1 
103 
-21 

41.94 
135 
72.8 

57 
131 
8.5 

55.4 

eae 

47.7 
107 
-7 

42.56 
124 
23.3 

59 
121 
7.6 


Daily mean maximum 


Daily m^an minimum 


Highest on record 


Lowest on record 


-13 

0.73 
4 
1.5 

n 

16 
10.1 

46.7 
54.8 
38.3 
79 
1 

3.61 
10 
0.4 

51 
10 
9.3 

61.6 
69.8 
54.5 
89 
29 

3.14 
7 


59 
13 

7.7 

38.0 
45.3 
31.9 

3 

3.46 
11 
4.2 

46 
10 
8.9 

46.3 
54.0 
39.2 
182 
12 

2.5C 
0.6 

54 
10 
7.5 


Precipitation: 
Total, inches 


Days with 0.01 inch or more. 
Total snowfall inches 


Percentage of possible sun- 
shine 


NnmbfM" <">f cl<W flays 


Hourly wind velocity, miles. . 

KENTUCKY, LOUISVILLE 

Temperature: 

]VTnnthly mpan 


Daily mean maximum 


Daily mean minimum 


Highest on record 


Lowest on record 


Precipitation: 
Total, inches .. 


Days with 0.01 inch or more. 
Total snowfall, inches 


Percentage of possible sun- 
shine 


Number of clear davs 


Hourly wind velocity, miles.. 

LOUISIANA, NEW ORLEANS 

Temperature: 
Monthly mp?vn 


Daily mean maximum. .. 


Dailv mean minimum . 


Highest on record 
Lowest on record 


Precipitation: 
Total, inches 


Days with 0.01 inch or more- 
Total snowfall, inches 


i 

62 
11 
8.4 

43.0 
50.4 
35.4 
89 
1 

3.38 
11 
4.7 

57 
10 

9.4 

,53.6 
62.1 
44.7 
94 
15 

^34 

0.8 

59 
10 
8.5 


Percentage of possible sun- 
shine 


Number of clear davs 


Hourly wind velocity, miles.. 

MAINE, PORTLAND 

Temperature: 

Monthly mpfm 


Daily mp.an maximum 


Daily mean minimum 


Highest on record 


Lowest on record 


Precipitation: 
Total, inches 


Days with 0.01 inch or more. 
Total snowfall, inches 


Percentage of possible sun- 
shine .. .. 


Number of clear davs 


Hourly wind velocity, miles.. 

MARYLAND, BALTIMORE 

Temperature: 
Monthly mean 


Daily mean maximum 
Dailv mean minimum 


Highest on record 


Lowest on record . 


Precipitation: 
Total, inches - ... 


Days with 0.01 inch or more- 
Total snowfall, inches 


Percentage of possible sun- 
shine 


Number of clear days 


Hourly wind velocity, miles.. 



i Trace. 



138 CLIMATE 

No. 144. CLIMATIC CONDITIONS, ETC. Continued 



Station 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


May 


June 


July 


Aug 


Sept. 


Oct. 


Nov. 


Dec. 


An- 
nual 


MASSACHUSETTS, BOSTON 

Temperature: 
Monthly mean . . 


27.9 
36.1 
20.4 
70 
-13 

3.61 
12 
11.4 

49 
9 
16.1 

24.4 
31.4 
18.6 
66 

-16 

2.07 
13 
10.7 

35 
13 J 

12.7 
22.3 
5.5 
52 
-34 

0.86 
8 
9.6 

48 
8 
11.3 

48.2 
57.1 
40.5 
82 
3 

5.37 
11 
0.8 

47 
9 
8.1 

31.1 

38.7 
23.4 
74 
-22 

2.34 
9 
4.5 

49 
11 
11.8 


28.8 
36.3 
20.6 
68 
-18 

3.37 
10 
13.0 

58 
10 
16.5 

25.3 
32.1 
18.5 
65 
-20 

2.18 
12 
9.6 

41 
6 
11.8 

15.9 
25.1 
8.4 
64 
-33 

0.95 

7 
7.6 

53 
9 
11.5 

51.8 
60.3 
42.8 

84 

4.82 
10 
0.5 

51 
9 
8.4 

34.8 
43.0 
26.6 
84 
-18 

2.56 
9 
5.2 

50 
9 
11.8 


35.6 
44.0 
28.5 
83 

-8 

3.57 
12 
7.5 

57 
10 
16.4 

33.4 

41.4 
26.5 
81 

7 

2.40 
13 
7.5 

47 
7 
13.6 

29.6 
38.3 
21.7 
83 
-17 

1.42 
8 
8.0 

57 
9 
12.1 

58.5 
67.6 
49.4 
92 
22 

5.57 
10 
0) 

58 
11 
8.7 

44.1 
52.9 
35.3 
92 
3 

3.38 
11 
3.6 

55 
10 
12.5 


46.4 
54.5 
38.3 
89 
11 

3.34 
11 
2.2 

58 
9 
14.5 

46.2 
54.9 
37.5 

88 
8 

2.46 
11 
1.9 

51 
8 
13.0 

46.4 
55.6 
36.7 
91 
6 

2.23 
9 
3.7 

57 
9 
12.3 

65.6 
74.9 
56.4 
92 
31 

5.19 
9 


66 
11 
8.1 

56.1 
65.1 
47.0 
93 
20 

3.81 
11 
0.5 

59 
10 
11.9 


57.1 
65.7 
48.7 
97 
31 

3.18 
11 

0) 

59 
9 
13.1 

58.0 
67.0 
48.6 
95 

28 

3.21 
13 
0.2 

58 
9 
10.7 

57.7 
67.6 
47.9 
106 
22 

3.67 
12 
0.3 

60 
8 
11.7 

72.9 
81.8 
63.4 
97 
43 

4.32 
8 


70 
12 
7.1 

67.0 
75.9 
58.2 
96 
32 

4.34 
11 
0.1 

64 
11 
10.9 


66.5 
75.3 
57.8 
100 
42 

2.89 
10 


63 
10 
12.4 

67.4 
76.5 
58.5 
104 
38 

3.56 
11 


64 
10 
10.6 

67.5 
77.2 
58.4 
104 
36 

4.22 
12 


65 
8 
10.5 

79.0 

88.3 
70.2 
101 
52 

3.99 
10 


74 
12 
6.5 

75.0 
83.6 
66.4 
104 
44 

3.82 
11 


68 
10 
10.0 


71.7 
80.5 
63.7 
104 
46 

3.49 
10 


64 
9 
12.3 

72.1 
81.6 
63.5 
105 

48 

3.32 
9 


68 
12 
10.0 

72.3 

82.5 
63.1 
108 
44 

3.73 
9 


72 
10 
10.0 

81.3 
90.1 
72.6 
102 
59 

4.53 
11 


73 
10 
6.2 

78.8 
87.4 
70.2 
110 
55 

2.98 
9 


70 
13 
9.2 


69.9 
77.8 
62.0 
98 
47 

3.62 
10 



63 
11 
12.2 

70.3 
79.1 
61.7 
104 
45 

2.78 
9 


65 
12 
9.4 

69.9 
79.7 
60.3 
103 
42 

3.12 
{ 



69 
11 
10.0 

80.8 
89.9 
72.0 
101 
54 

3.46 
9 


69 
11 
6.0 

77.5 
86.4 
68.6 
108 
52 

2.99 
8 


67 
14 
8.9 


63.2 
71.6 
55.6 
102 
34 

3.14 
9 


62 
12 
13.0 

63.5 
72.4 
55.7 
97 
30 

2.90 
10 


61 
11 
10.7 

61.4 
71.5 
52.6 
104 
29 

3.13 
9 

0) 

57 
11 
11.0 

76.3 
86.0 

67.2 
104 

2.87 

75 
14 
6.4 

70.5 
79.5 
61.5 
103 
37 

3.46 
8 


66 
15 
9.7 


53.6 
61.4 
45.5 
90 
25 

3.15 
0) 

56 
11 
14.2 

52.5 
60.1 
44.7 
88 
22 

2.38 
10 
0.1 

53 
10 
10.9 

48.9 
58.3 
40.8 
90 
10 

2.08 
9 
0.5 

50 
10 
11.5 

66.7 
76.5 
56.9 
94 
31 

2.77 
6 


71 
17 
6.7 

58.8 
67.5 
50.1 
91 
21 

2.72 
8 
0) 

63 
15 
10.5 


42.0 
49.7 
35.2 
7 

3.33 
10 
1.5 

48 
9 
15.4 

39.3 
45.7 
33.3 
7f 


2.44 
12 
2.6 

36 
6 
12.6 

32.4 
40.4 

25^7 

-13 

1.27 
7 
4.3 

39 
7 
11.4 

56.6 
66.3 
47.4 
86 
22 

3.71 

8 

0) 

61 
13 
7.4 

45.4 
53.5 
37.3 
82 
3 

2.83 
8 
0.9 

54 
11 
11.7. 


32.5 
39.3 
25.0 
69 
-17 

3.45 
11 
7.9 

48 
9 
15.8 

29.3 
35.0 
23.5 
65 
-24 

2.35 
14 
9.1 

2S 

12.] 

19.6 
26.7 
12.1 
56 
-27 

0.98 

8 
7.5 

39 
8 
11.1 

50.0 
58.5 
41.8 
82 
10 

5.33 
10 
0.3 

45 
10 
7.9 

34.9 
42.5 
27.3 
75 
-15 

2.21 
9 
3.2 

44 
9 
11.5 


49.6 

57.7 
41.8 
104 
-18 

40.14 
125 
43.5 

57 
118 
14.3 

48.5 
56.4 
40.9 
105 
-24 

32.05 
137 
41.7 

61 
100 
11.6 

44.5 
53.8 
36.1 
108 
-34 

27.66 
107 
41.5 

56 
108 
11.2 

65.6 
74.8 
56.7 
104 
-1 

51.93 
109 
1.6 

63 
139 
7.3 

56.2 
64.7 
47.7 
110 
-22 

37.44 
112 
18.0 

59 
138 
10.9 


Daily mean maximum 
Daily mean minimum 


Highest on record 


Lowest on record 


Precipitation: 
Total inches 


Days with 0.01 inch or more- 
Total snowfall, inches 


Percentage of possible sun- 
shine 


Number of clear days 


Hourly wind velocity, miles . 

MICHIGAN, DETBOIT 

Temperature: 
Monthly mean. . 


"Dftily mflfvn maTi'mum 


Daily mean minimum 


Highest on record 


Lowest on record 


Precipitation: 
Total, inches 


Days with 0.01 inch or more- 
Total snowfall, inches 


Percentage of possible sun- 
shine 


Number of clear days 


Hourly wind velocity, miles.. 

MINNESOTA, MINNEAPOLIS 

Temperature: 
Monthly mean 


Daily mean maximum 


Daily mean minimum. 


Highest on record 


Lowest on record 


Precipitation: 
Total, inches 


Days with 0.01 inch or more- 
Total snowfall, inches. 


Percentage of possible sun- 
shine 


Number of clear days 


Hourly wind velocity, miles.. 

MISSISSIPPI, VICKSBURG 

Temperature: 
Monthly mean 


Daily mean maximum . 


Daily mean minimum 


Highest on record 


Lowest on record . 


Precipitation: 
Total, inches 


Days with 0.01 inch or more. 
Total snowfall, inches 


Percentage of possible sun- 
shine-- 


Number of clear days... 


Hourly wind velocity, miles.. 

MISSOURI, ST. LOUIS 

Temperature: 
Monthly mean 


Daily mean maximum. . 


Daily mean minimum . 


Highest on record 


Lowest on record 


Precipitation: 
Total, inches 


Days with 0.01 inch or more- 
Total snowfall, inches 


Percentage of possible sun- 
shine 


Number of clear days 


Hourly wind velocity, miles.. 



Trace. 



a Adjusted to elevation of 360 feet. 



CLIMATE 139 

No. 144. CLIMATIC CONDITIONS, ETC. Continued 



Station 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


May 


June 


July 


Aug. 


Sept. 


Oct. 


Nov. 


Dec. 

24.2 
32.4 
17.0 
64 
-40 

0.78 
g 

8.8 

42 
8 
7.2 

26.4 
35.2 
19.3 
71 
-20 

0.93 
7 
5.1 

51 
10 
9.1 

33.3 
44.4 
22.4 
69 
-7 

0.98 
6 

4.8 

60 
12 

5.8 

26.8 
34.6 
17.0 
65 
-24 

3.13 
9 
10.5 

44 
11 
6.3 

36.4 
43.5 
29.8 
68 
-7 

3.94 
10 
2.9 

51 
10 
14.9 


An- 
nual 

43.3 
54.0 
33.6 
103 
-42 

13.63 
100 
56.7 

58 
105 
7.9 

50.6 
60.3 
41.6 
114 
-32 

27.77 
98 
26.8 

62 
135 
9.0 

49.9 
64.2 
36.0 
106 
-19 

7.63 
48 
29.8 

75 
202 
7.0 

45.4 
56.6 
35.5 
102 
-35 

37.51 
120 
62.4 

53 
146 
6.3 

52.3 
59.2 
46.1 
104 
-9 

40.56 
123 

15.8 

60 

124 
14.8 


MONTANA, HELENA 

Temperature: 
Monthly mean 


20.2 
29.0 
12.6 
63 
-42 

0.87 
9 
10.3 

44 


23.0 
32.6 
15.5 
69 
-41 

0.65 

8 
8.1 

53 


32.4 

41.9 
23.4 
73 
-20 

0.79 
9 
9.5 

58 


43.5 
54.0 
33.2 
86 
10 

1.12 
8 
6.0 

59 


51.6 
62.4 
41.0 
95 

2.29 
11 
2.1 

58 


59.2 
71.3 
48.4 
102 
31 

2.34 
12 
0) 

64 
8 

8.4 

71.6 
81.6 
62.5 
107 
40 

4.56 
11 


69 
10 
8.4 

62.4 
78.4 
47.0 
100 
28 

0.29 
2 
(0 

84 
21 
8.0 

62.9 
76.8 
53.2 
101 
32 

3.19 
10 

< l ) 

58 
13 
5.9 

66.6 
73.5 
60.9 
97 
45 

3.04 
10 


64 
10 

13.8 


65.7 
80.6 

* 

0) 

76 
15 
8.1 

76.7 
86.9 
67.5 
114 
50 

3.54 
9 


76 
14 

7.7 

70.1 
87.9 
53.0 
106 
35 

0.25 
2 


90 
25 
7.5 

68.5 
81.7 
58.7 
102 
38 

3.56 
10 


57 
12 
5.4 

72.1 

78.6 
66.5 
102 
52 

3.93 
10 


66 
10 
13.3 


65.0 
79.3 
53.2 

s 

0.77 

C 1 ) 

73 
15 

7.8 

74.4 
84.4 
65.2 
111 
44 

3.05 
9 


69 
13 
7.5 

68.7 
86.4 
51.8 
103 
35 

0.22 
2 


89 
24 
7.1 

66.8 
78.0 
56.1 
99 
35 

3.54 
11 


57 
13 

5.1 

72.5 
78.0 
66.6 
104 
48 

4.49 
10 


65 
11 

13.0 


56.6 
67.2 
44.1 
92 
6 

1.25 
7 
0.9 

62 
12 
7.9 

66.8 
76.4 
56.4 
102 
30 

3.21 
9 


65 
14 
8.2 

60.5 
77.3 
44.4 
96 
24 

0.26 


86 
21 
6.9 

59.3 
70.9 
49.0 
96 
25 

3.45 
10 

0) 

55 
13 
5.2 

66.8 
73.5 
61.4 
94 
37 

2.65 
8 


65 
12 
13.6 


44.9 
55.4 
35.5 
84 

-8 

0.89 
7 
4.2 

56 
10 

7.8 

54.3 
64.4 
44.6 
92 
8 

2.17 
7 
0.5 

63 
14 

8.7 

50.8 
66.6 
35.8 
89 
16 

0.36 
3 
0.3 

78 
20 
6.2 

49.7 
59.9 
38.5 
92 
16 

2.85 
9 
0.1 

50 
12 
6.0 

c6.9 
63.8 
50.0 
90 
29 

3.20 
9 


64 
14 
14.3 


33.2 
41.6 
24.7 
71 
22 


Daily mean rnaxifrniTn 


Daily mean miniTnviTn 


Highest on record 




Precipitation: 
Total, inches 


0.74 
7 
6.8 

48 
7 
7.4 

38.5 
48.2 
30.3 
80 
-14 

L07 
i 

2.4 

55 
11 
9.2 

41.5 

55.2 
28.1 
80 
5 

0.64 
4 
1.5 

69 
15 
6.1 

37.7 
46.4 
28.5 
80 
-17 

3.08 
10 
4.0 

44 
9 
6.4 

45.6 
52.9 
39.0 
77 
10 

2.82 
9 
0.6 

56 
11 
15.21 


Days with 0.01 inch or more_ 
Total snowfall, inches 


Percentage of possible sun- 
shine 


Number of clear days 
Hourly wind velocity, miles.. 

NEBRASKA, OMAHA 

Temperature: 
Monthly mean . ._ 


7.4 

21.9 
31.0 
13.7 
67 
-32 

0.70 
6 
5.9 

56 
11 
9.3 

31.6 
42.8 
20.8 
67 
-19 

1.54 

7 
10.1 

60 
12 
6.1 

21.6 
31.7 
11.6 
72 
-35 

3.00 
11 
16.2 

49 
12 
6.6 

32.5 
40.6 
26.8 
68 
-4 

3.49 
12 
4.4 

53 
9 
16.1 


7.6 

25.5 
35.4 
17.3 
78 
-26 

0.89 
6 

6.2 

60 
10 

9.8 

36.3 
47.8 
24.8 
76 
-12 

1.18 
6 
6.1 

65 
11 
6.5 

22.8 
33.5 
12.2 
68 
-34 

2.89 
9 
17.5 

55 
12 
6.9 

33.6 
40.1 
26.4 
77 
-9 

3.36 
11 
5.2 

57 
9 

1 -;. 4 


8.4 

37.0 
47.0 
28.0 
91 

-8 

1.37 

7 

6.0 

59 
9 
10.3 

41.1 
53.9 
29.1 
79 
-3 

0.81 
6 
5.4 

71 
12 
7.6 

30.8 
41.0 
22.5 
82 
-16 

3.03 
10 
8.7 

59 
14 
7.4 

38.6 
46.1 
32.8 

79 
8 

3.60 
12 
2.4 

57 
10 

16.61 


8.7 

51.2 
61.6 
41.6 
94 
6 

2.51 
10 
0.7 

60 
10 
10.2 

47.5 
61.4 
34.0 
88 
14 

0.47 
4 
1.3 

75 
14 
8.5 

43.4 
55.8 
33.5 
92 
7 

2.78 
10 
5.3 

54 
12 
7.6 

47.8 
54.7 
41.3 
86 
15 

2.99 
11 
0.3 

60 
10 
16.51 


8.6 

62.4 
72.0 
2.7 
103 
25 

3.77 
12 
0) 

63 
9 
9.4 

54.2 
68.4 
40.6 
98 
16 

0.63 
4 
0.3 

78 
15 
8.1 

54.3 
68.7 
44.7 
98 
22 

3.01 
11 
0.1 

55 
13 
6.6 

Bft 1 
64.5 
51.6 
95 
33 

3.05 
11 


62 
10 
14.6 


Daily TTififVn TnRTimiim 


Dailv mean minimum 


Highest on record _ __ 


Lowest on record 


Precipitation: 
Total, niches 


Days with 0.01 inch or more_ 
Total snowfall, inches 


Percentage of possible sun- 
shine 


Number of clear days 


Hourly wind velocity, miles.. 

NEVADA, EENO 

Temperature: 

"VTrmthly mean 


Daily mean maximum 


Daily mean mini'muTTi 


Highest on record 


Lowest on record 


Precipitation: 
Total, inches .. 


Days with 0.01 inch or more- 
Total snowfall, inches 
Percentage of possible sun- 
shine 


Number of clear days 


Hourly wind velocity, miles.. 

NEW HAMPSHIRE, CONCORD 

Temperature: 
Monthly mean . . 


Daily mean maximum 


Daily mean minimum. 


Highest on record 


Lowest on record 


Precipitation: 
Total, inches 


Days with 0.01 inch or more. 
Total snowfall, inches.. .. 


Percentage of possible sun- 
shine 


Number of clear days 


Hourly wind velocity, miles.. 

NEW JERSEY, ATLANTIC CITY 

Temperature: 
Monthly mean .. 


Daily mean maximum 


Daily mean minimum 


Highest on record 


Lowest on record 


Precipitation: 
Total, inches 


Days with 0.01 inch or more. 
Total snowfall, inches 


Percentage of possible sun- 
shine.. . 


Number of clear days 


Hourly wind velocity, miles .. 



i Trace. 



140 CLIMATE 

No. 144. CLIMATIC CONDITIONS, ETC. Continued 



Station 


Jan. 


Feb 


Mar. 


Apr 


May 


June 


July 


Aug 


Sept. 


Oct 


Nov 


Dec 


An- 
nual 


NEW MEXICO, SANTA FE 

Temperature: 
Monthly mean 


28.fi 
39. 
18.8 
76 
-13 

0.67 
6 
6.1 

72 


33 1 


39.7 
51.1 

28. 1 
85 

0.8( 
5.0 

71 

14 


46.7 
58. S 
34. S 
84 
11 


55.7 
68. C 
43.4 
89 
20 

1.26 
7 
0.5 

75 
14 
8.2 

54.6 
61.7 
46.2 
94 
25 

3.10 
12 
0.2 

59 
9 
13.1 

60.6 
68.5 
52.6 
95 
34 

3.24 
11 

0) 

61 
9 
14.3 

62.6 
73.5 
51.7 
91 
31 

3.43 
12 

(') 

61 
10 
7.3 

54.5 
66.3 
42.5 
102 
13 

2.32 
10 
0.8 

58 
12 
10.8 


64.8 
78.2 
52.1 
93 
33 

1.08 
CO 6 

80 
16 
7.4 

64.4 


69.0 
80.2 
56.7 
96 
43 

2.38 
13 



69 

q 


67.4 
79.0 
55.9 
97 
40 

2.28 
13 
( 

71 
10 
5.9 

68.6 
75.5 
61.4 
95 
44 


60. S 
73. C 
49.2 
9C 
21 

1.4fi 

(O 8 

7! 
16 
6.1 

62.4 


50.4 
62.1 
38.7 

85 
13 

1.18 

i.: 

80 
20 
6.5 

51.9 
58.3 
44.7 
92 


38.9 
49.9 
28. 
7 
-1 

0.6i 
3.7 

76 
18 
6.8 

39 4 


30.7 
40. 
20. 
6 
-13 

0.74 

e 

5.9 

73 
18 
6.9 

29.8 
35. 
24.0 
66 

3.36 
18 

17.1 

2' 

17.; 

35.0 
41.2 


48.8 
60.3 
37.5 
97 
-13 

14.27 
87 
32.4 

71 
178 
7.1 

47.0 
53.7 
40.1 
97 
-20 

36.00 
164 

72.8 

49 
74 
14.6 

52.3 
59.6 
45.0 
102 
-14 

42.99 
126 
32.0 

60 
104 

15.2 

54.1 
65.6 
45.2 
99 
6 

40.28 
131 
10.0 

57 
123 

7.8 

40.5 
52.2 
29.6 
114 
-45 

6.34 
94 
33.9 

58 
150 
9.7 


Daily mean maximum 
Daily mean minimum 
Highest on record 


43.5 
23.2 
75 
11 




Precipitation: 
Total, inches 


0.75 
6 
6.5 

69 
13 
7.3 

24.3 

30.8 
17.2 
68 
-20 

2.95 
17 
17.1 

41 
3 

16.5 

31.3 
38.4 
24.2 
73 
-14 

3.82 
11 
10.0 

59 

8 
17.1 

38.5 
49.2 
29.7 
80 
-6 

3.15 
10 
2.5 

53 
10 
9.9 

10.3 
22.4 
1.8 
65 
-43 

0.44 
7 
5.0 

59 
11 
9.4 


1.00 
(3 
3.6 

71 


Days with 0.01 inch or more. 
Total snowfall, inches. _ 


Percentage of possible sun- 
shine 




17 
6.9 

24.6 
31.6 
18.9 
70 
-14 

3.30 
19 

18.9 

29 
17.7 

30.9 
37.4 
24.5 
68 
6 

3.66 
12 
7.8 

52 

8 
17.4 

35.4 
48.1 
29.5 
77 
-5 

3.10 
10 
2.9 

49 
10 

9.5 

7.8 
18.6 
-2.1 
60 
-45 

0.45 
7 
5.5 

52 

11 
9.0 


13 
8.3 

42.8 
50 1 


Hourly wind velocity, miles.. 

NEW YORK, BUFFALO 

Temperature: 
Monthly mean 


8.1 

31.1 

38.7 
24.9 
79 
4 

2.57 
16 
9.9 

48 
5 
15.8 

37.7 
45.4 
30.2 
80 
3 

3.64 
12 

6.1 

59 
8 
17.9 

44.9 

57.1 
36.5 
87 
8 

3.97 
11 
1.8 

55 
11 

10.2 

24.2 
35.1 
14.6 
81 
-36 

0.89 
7 
7.6 

55 
11 

10.4 


6.4 

69.8 
76.6 
63.1 
96 
46 

3.03 
10 


68 
10 
12.0 

73.8 
81.7 
65.9 
102 
54 

4.24 
11 


65 
8 
12.6 

71.7 
82.7 
62.7 
99 
46 

4.30 
15 


58 
7 
5.4 

69. 8| 
82.6 
57.6 
114 
32 

2.24 
9 


72 

16 
9.1 




70.3 
57.2 
97 
39 

2.82 
11 


66 
9 

12.3 

68.8 
77.0 
60.5 
97 
44 

3.33 
10 


64 

8 
13.5 

68.7 

80.0 
59.2 
98 
40 

3.93 
13 


60 
8 
5.9 

63.7 
75.4 
52.7 
107 
31 

3.35 
12 
0) 

62 
12 
10.1 


69.9 
55.5 
95 
35 

2.92 
11 
0) 

59 
12. i 

66.8 
73.7 
59.8 
100 
39 

3.39 
9 


63 
10 
13.0 

65.0 
77.4 
56.9 
95 
35 

3.04 
10 


60 
10 
5.8 

58.1 
70.7 
45.0 
105 
10 

1.23 

7 
0.1 

62 
14 
9.7 


45.6 
33.8 

72 


Daily mean minimum. 


34.8 
84 

2.56 
13 
3.3 

53 
14.5 

49.4 
57.2 
41.6 
91 
12 

3.23 
11 
1.1 

60 
8 
16.6 

54.5 
65.4 
43.6 
89 
20 

3.02 
11 
0.4 

59 
11 
9.3 

42.1 
54.6 
31.6 
90 
-3 

1.52 
8 
2.9 

58 
12 
11.3 




Lowest on record 


24 

3.29 
12 
0.5 

48 
14.3 

56.3 
63.7 
49.0 

88 
29 

3.53 
9 

C) 

62 
11 

14.7 

55.3 
67.4 
44.8 
85 
20 

2.75 
7 
0.1 

64 
15 
7.0 

44.9 
57.0 
33.0 
91 
-10 

0.94 
6 
1.1 

58 
13 
9.7 


Precipitation: 
Total, inches ... 


3.08 
10 


64 
9 
.11.7 

73.1 
80.1 
66.2 
102 
51 

4.33 
10 


63 
9 

12.4 

70.6 
81.4 
62.0 
96 
47 

4.16 
14 


56 
7 
5.4 

67.3 
80.8 
54.9 
105 
32 

1.82 
8 

68 

9.0! 


3.02 
15 
5.8 

32 
16.7 

44.2 
51.0 
37.3 

7< 

2.96 
9 
0.8 

53 
9 
16.3 

45.1 
56.6 
35.8 
76 
4 

2.23 
7 
0.4 

60 

13 
8.5 

28.5 
38.5 
18.0 
74 
-28 

0.57 
6 
4.9 

50 
11 
9.3 


Days with 0.01 inch or more- 
Total snowfall, inches 


Percentage of possible sun- 
shine.. 


Number of clear days _ 


Hourly wind velocity, miles. . 

NEW YORK, NEW YORK 

Temperature: 
Monthly mean . 


Daily mean maximum 


"Daily mp.an minimum 


28.8 
68 
-13 

3.62 
11 
6.2 

51 
8 
16.7 

37.8 
48.3 
30.0 

78 
4 

3.20 
10 

1.9 

48 
11 
9.2 

14.7 
24.9 
5.4 
64 
-42 

0.57 
7 
6.1 

48 
11 

8.9 


Highest on record . . ._ 


Lowest on record 


Precipitation: 
Total, inches 


Days with 0.01 inch or more. 
Total snowfall, inches 


Percentage of possible sun- 
shine 


Number of clear days 


Hourly wind velocity, miles. . 

NORTH CAROLINA, ASHEVILLE 

Temperature: 
Monthly mean 


Daily moan maximum 


Daily mean minimum 


Highest on record _. 


Lowest on record . _ 


Precipitation: 
Total, inches. .. 


Days with 0.01 inch or more. 
Total snowfall, inches. 


Percentage of possible sun- 
shine . 


Number of clear days 


Hourly wind velocity, miles.. 

NORTH DAKOTA, BISMARCK 

Temperature: 
Monthly mean 


Daily mean maximum- 


Daily mean minimum 


Highest on record 


Lowest on record 


Precipitation: 
Total, inches... 


Days with 0.01 inch or more. 
Total snowfall, inches 
Percentage of possible sun- 
shine 


Number of clear days . 


Hourly wind velocity, miles. . 



Trace. 



CLIMATE 



141 



No. 144. CLIMATIC CONDITIONS, ETC. Continued 



Station 


Jan. 


Feb 


Mar 


Apr 


May 


June 


July 


Aug 


Sept 


Oct. Nov 


Dec 


An- 
nual 


OHIO, COLUMBUS 

Temperature: 


28.6 
36.9 
22.3 
72 
-20 

3.06 
14 
7.2 

38 
6 
11.8 

36.4 
47.5 
27.7 
83 
-11 

1.19 
6 
2.4 

57 
13 
11.7 

39.4 
44.3 
34.3 
65 
-2 

6.60 
20 
5.9 

25 
4 
7.4 

30.7 

38.9 
23.8 
75 
-16 

3.05 
15 
8.4 

32 
4 
11.7 

27.2 
37.3 
21.9 
68 
-9 

3.70 
12 
8.8 

50 
10 
12. 8 ! 


30.7 
38.4 
23.1 

72 
-20 

*g 

5.6 

44 
( 
11.9 

39.6 

51.0 
29.6 
90 
-17 

Lll 

5 
1.9 

6C 
12?7 

42.1 

43.5 
36.5 
68 
7 

5.36 
17 
3.2 

33 
4 
7.5 

32.3 
39.7 
23.6 
77 
-20 

2.62 
14 
7.7 

37 
4 
11.7 

29.0 
36.0 
20.1 
69 
-17 

3.64 
11 
10.2 

57 
11 
12.9 


39 1 


51.2 
60.6 
41.5 
90 
15 

2.87 
12 
1.0 

56 
9 
11.8 

59.8 
70.8 
49.0 
96 
20 

3.29 

o) 8 

63 
12 
13.7 

51.8 
61.2 
43.2 
93 
28 

2.87 
15 
0) 

49 
7 
7.1 

51.2 
60.6 
41.2 
90 
11 

2.92 
13 
2.0 

49 
7 
11.4 

46.6 
55.8 
37.9 
88 
11 

3.21 
11 
1.3 

59 
10 
12.9 


62.3 
71.9 
52.0 
96 
31 

3.59 
12 
0) 

62 

I. 


70.9 
80.8 
61.0 
99 
39 

3.31 

12 


69 
10 
9.2 

76.0 

86.8 
66.7 
107 
46 

3.67 
8 


73 
14 
11.0 

62.4 
72.2 
52.8 
101 
39 

1.52 
10 


57 
8 
6.8 

70.7 
80.2 
60.6 
98 
39 

3.81 
12 


63 
8 
9.4 

68.3 
75.7 
56.8 
96 
41 

2.68 
10 


64 
10 
10.7 


74.9 
85.2 
65.2 
106 
49 

3.55 
11 


72 
12 
8.5 

80.6 
91.4 
70.5 
109 

55 

2.86 
6 


77 
16 
9.6 

66.7 
78.2 
56.3 
105 
43 

0.61 
3 


71 
16 
6.9 

74.6 
84.2 
64.9 
103 
49 

4.05 
12 


65 
9 
8.9 

73/4 
81.0 
63.1 
100 
50 

3.27 
10 


64 
11 
9.7 


73.0 
82.6 
63.0 
103 
42 

3.26 
10 


68 
12 
8.2 

79.7 
91.6 
69.7 
113 
49 

2.89 
7 


77 
17 

9.2 

66.7 
80.0 
56.2 
102 
43 

0.64 
4 


67 
16 
6.4 

72.9 
82.0 
62.9 
103 
45 

3.23 
10 


62 
10 
8.6 

71.0 
78.7 
61.2 
97 
46 

3.50 
10 


63 
12 
9.5 


66.5 
76.9 
56.9 
99 


55.2 
64.5 
45.4 
90 
20 

2.46 
9 
0.1 

59 
12 
9.9 

61.5 
73.1 
51.1 
97 
16 

2.86 

6 

(0 

67 
17 
10.8 

54.2 
62.6 
47.0 
88 
29 

3.12 

12 
0) 

43 
7 
6.1 

55.7 
64.4 
45.7 
91 
20 

2.52 
10 
0.2 

55 
10 
9.8 

52.2 
62.3 
44.7 
87 
27 

3.12 
9 
0) 

62 
14 
11.4 


:, 

^ 
-1 

2.77 
11 
1.6 

45 
11.3 

48.8 
60 1 


32.4 
39.3 
25.7 
67 
-12 

2.73 
13 
4.4 

34 

o 
11.2 

39.3 

48.8 
29.8 
79 
-2 

1.50 

6 
1.8 

59 
14 
11.5 

41.2 
46.1 
36.7 
65 

3 

6.72 
19 
3.3 

2 
7J 

34.2 
40.9 
27.2 
73 
-9 

2.86 
15 
6.6 

29 
4 
11.5 

31.fi 
39.2 
25.2 
68 
-12 

3.38 
11 
5.3 

50 
11 
12.5 


52.2 
61.3 
43.5 
106 
-20 

36.34 
139 
23.3 

55 
107 
10.4 

59.4 
70.4 
49.4 
113 
-17 

31.15 
82 
7.6 

66 
169 
11.5 

53.1 
61.6 
45.3 
105 
-2 

41.62 
155 
13.5 

45 
93 
7.0 

52.8 
61.6 
43.8 
103 
-20 

36.17 
150 
32.3 

50 
86 
10.4 

49.8 
58.4 
41.5 
100 
-17 

39.19 
127 
31.8 

58 
135 
11.6 


Daily mean maximum 
Daily mean uninifii'im 


48.4 
31.3 
84 




Lowest on record 



3.50 

14 

3.4 
47 
12.^ 

50.0 
61.4 
38.6 
97 
4 

1.98 
7 
1.2 

61 
12 
13.9 

46.9 
54.8 
39.9 
83 
20 

3.91 
17 
0.6 

40 
5 

7.4 

39.6 
48.7 
31.3 
84 

1 

3.03 
15 
5.7 

45 
6 

12.0 

35.7 
45.2 
28.9 
84 
4 

3.49 
12 
5.3 

60 
12 
13.4 


32 
2.57 

(_ 

( 

66 
12 
&9 

72.8 
84.7 
63.0 
103 
35 

3.05 


73 
16 
10.3 

61.7 
71.6 
52.2 
97 
35 

1.98 
8 


53 
11 

6.4 

66.4 
76.5 
57.3 
102 
35 

2.58 
9 


62 
10 
8.9 

63.2 
72.5 
54.8 
95 
33 

3.18 
9 


60 
12 
10.2 


Precipitation: 
Total, inches - 


Days with 0.01 inch or more- 
Total snowfall inches 


Percentage of possible sun- 




Hourly wind velocity, miles. . 

OKLAHOMA, OKLAHOMA CITY 

Temperature: 
Monthly mean 


10.3 

67.7 
77.4 
57.8 
98 
33 

4.88 
10 


64 
11 

12.2 

56.9 
66.9 
48.0 
99 
32 

2.19 
13 


51 
6.9 

62.4 
72.1 
51.9 
95 
27 

3.21 
13 
0) 

58 
9 
10.0 

58.5 
67.0 
48.1 
94 
32 

2.96 
12 
0) 

61 
11 

11.5 


Daily mean max'TO'im 


Daily mean minimum 


39.2 
86 
9 

1.87 
6 
0.3 

63 
15 
11.6 

46.8 
52.2 

4 73 7 

11 

6.10 
17 
0.5 

27 
4 
7.0 

43.2 
50.7 
35.8 
79 

1 

2.29 
12 
1.7 

40 
11.2 

40.4 
50.1 
35.1 
75 
9 

3.06 
10 
0.9 

52 
11 
12.0 


Highest on record 


Lowest on record 


Precipitation: 
Total, inches 


Days with 0.01 inch or more. 
Total snowfall, inches 


Percentage of possible sun- 
shine 


Number of clear days 


Hourly wind velocity, miles .. 

OEEGON, PORTLAND 

Temperature: 
Monthly mean 


Daily mean maximum 


Daily mean minimum 


Highest on record 


Lowest on record 


Precipitation: 
Total, inches 


Days with 0.01 inch or more. 
Total snowfall inches 


Percentage of possible sun- 
shine 


Number of clear days 
Hourly wind velocity, miles. . 

PENNSYLVANIA, PITTSBURGH 

Temperature: 
Monthly mean. 


Daily mean maximum ___, ._ 
Daily mean minimum . 


Highest on record 


Lowest on record 


Precipitation: 
Total, inches 


Days with 0.01 inch or more- 
Total snowfall, inches ._ 


Percentage of possible sun- 
shine 


Number of clear days 


Hourly wind velocity, miles.. 

RHODE ISLAND, PROVIDENCE 

Temperature: 
Monthly mean 


Daily mean maximum 


"D^ily mean minimum 


Highest on record 


Lowest on record 


Precipitation: 
Total, inches 


Days with 0.01 inch or more- 
Total snowfall, inches 
Percentage of possible sun- 
shine 


Number of clear days 


Hourly wind velocity, miles. .. 



Trace, 



142 CLIMATE 

No. 144. CLIMATIC CONDITIONS, ETC. Continued 



Station 


Jan. 

49.9 
58.3 
43.0 
80 
10 

3.02 
9 
0) 

58 
10 
10.5 

11.3 
23.2 
2.0 
64 
-43 

0.56 
7 
5.6 

57 
11 
10.7 

38.6 
47.5 
31.2 
78 
-10 

4.76 
12 
2.3 

43 
8 
10.2 

45.4 
56.9 
36.4 
93 
-1 

2.05 
6 
0.8 

59 
12 
10.3 

53.8 
59.5 
48.6 
76 
11 

3.41 
10 

0) 

51 
10 
11.2 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 

64.5 
72.1 
57.3 
93 
32 

2.53 
7 


72 
13 
11.4 

45.1 
58.1 
34.1 
94 
5 

2.24 
9 
1.9 

63 
10 
12.8 

59.0 
69.0 
49.6 
90 
25 

4.13 
11 
0.1 

59 
9 
10.5 

65.0 
75.3 
54.4 
100 
30 

4.02 


May 

72.7 
79.7 
65.8 
98 
45 

3.00 
8 


72 
12 
10.8 

56.4 
68.8 
44.6 
106 
20 

2.98 
11 
0.1 

65 
11 
11.8 

68.2 
77.9 
58.3 
96 
36 

3.87 
11 
0) 

64 
10 
9.1 

72.3 
81.9 
62.5 
107 
34 

4.65 


June 


July 


Aug. 


Sept. 


Oct. 


Nov. 


Dec. 

51.7 
59.3 
44.2 
81 
12 

2.72 
9 
0.1 

55 
11 
10.3 

18.7 
29.0 
8.9 
65 
-34 

0.57 
6 
5.0 

50 
10 
10.1 

41.0 
49.2 
33.2 
75 
-2 

4.20 
11 
1.5 

41 
8 
9.8 

47.5 
56.9 
37.4 
83 

7 

1.87 
6 
0.6 

60 
13 
9.8 

56.4 
61.9 
51.0 
80 
18 

3.75 
10 
(0 

50 
10 
11.1 


An- 
nual 

66.0 
73.2 
59.1 
104 

7 

45.22 
112 
0.3 

65 
128 
10.5 

43.6 
55.9 
32.6 
111 
-43 

20.65 
94 
26.6 

63 
138 
10.8 

59.3 
68.9 
50.3 
106 
-13 

47.20 
123 
8.2 

58 
121 
9.1 

65.2 
75.9 
55.4 
112 
-8 

33.13 
75 
2.4 

70 
160 
10.1 

69.6 

74.7 
64.9 
101 
8 

44.77 
99 
0.3 

64 
152 
10.6 


SOUTH CAROLINA, CHARLESTON 

Temperature: 
Monthly mean 


52.4 
59.7 
44.5 
82 

7 

2.98 
9 
0.2 

59 
10 
11.1 

14.3 
26.7 
5.6 
70 
-37 

0.54 
6 
4.6 

64 
10 
10.9 

41.6 
50.2 
32.9 
79 
-13 

4.13 
11 
2.7 

47 
7 
10.4 

48.3 
59.4 
38.1 
96 
-8 

1.76 


57.4 
65.5 
50.1 
94 
24 

3.02 

O) 9 

65 
12 
11.6 

28.9 
40.4 
19.4 
85 
-25 

0.91 

8 
5.6 

63 
10 
11.8 

49.2 

58.9 
40.3 
89 
3 

5.11 
12 
1.4 

52 
9 
11.0 

57.7 
68.5 
46.5 
100 
15 

2.32 


78.9 

85.5 
72.4 
101 
49 

4.59 
11 


69 
8 
10.2 

66.2 

78.7 
55.3 
109 
31 

3.79 
11 


70 
11 
10.6 

75.6 
85.6 
66.6 
101 
42 

4.00 
11 


67 
9 

8.0 

79.9 
90.6 
70.6 
107 
48 

3.35 


81.4 
87.9 
75.1 
104 
61 

6.89 
13 


65 

7 
9.6 

71.8 
84.8 
60.0 
111 
41 

3.16 
9 


75 
14 
0.6 

79.1 
88.7 
70.1 
106 
54 

3.88 
11 


69 
10 
7.6 

83.6 
93.8 
73.8 
109 
56 

2.61 


81.0 
87.2 
74.6 
102 
62 

6.53 
13 


65 
8 
9.2 

69.4 
83.0 
57.5 
110 
33 

2.46 
9 


71 
14 
9.0 

77.8 
87.5 
68.6 
105 
51 

3.71 
9 


67 
12 
7.3 

83.0 
94.3 
73.9 
112 
55 

2.62 


76.6 
83.1 
70.9 
100 
49 

4.53 
10 


' 68 
10 
10.4 

61.3 
74.3 
48.1 
106 
18 

1.57 
0) ? 

65 
13 
10.8 

71.8 
82.2 
62.2 
104 
38 

3.42 

8 


67 
13 

7.8 

76.9 

87.8 
67.8 
104 
40 

2.49 


67.8 
74.7 
60.8 
95 
37 

3.27 

7 


68 
14 
10.9 

47.7 
60.7 
35.5 
94 
-6 

1.28 
6 
0.6 

60 

13 
10.9 

61.0 
71.4 
50.3 
92 
26 

2.49 

(O 7 

64 
15 
8.4 

66.7 
78.2 
56.8 
99 
24 

2.81 


58.1 
66.0 
50.8 
83 
23 

2.14 

7 


68 
13 
10.0 

31.5 
42.6 
20.8 
79 
-28 

0.59 
5 
3.2 

53 
11 

10.5 

49.0 
58.3 
40.0 
81 

8 

3.50 
9 
0.2 

54 
11 
9.4 

55.5 
66.8 
46.4 
87 
20 

2.58 
6 
0.1 

64 
14 
9.8 

63.3 
68.6 
58.1 
85 
26 

3.33 
8 


62 
13 
10.8 


Dallv rnpfvn maxiTrmm 


Daily mean minimum 
Highest on record 


Lowest on record 


Precipitation: 
Total, inches 


Days with 0.01 inch or more. 
Total snowfall, inches 


Percentage of possible sun- 
shine - 


Number of clear days 


Hourly wind velocity, miles.. 

SOUTH DAKOTA, HURON 

Temperature: 
Monthly mean 


Daily mean maximum 


Daily mean minimum 


Highest on record 


Lowest on record 


Precipitation: 
Total, inches 


Days with 0.01 inch or more- 
Total snowfall, inches 


Percentage of possible sun- 
shine . 


Number of olPHi" days 


Hourly wind velocity, miles.. 

TENNESSEE, NASHVILLE 

Temperature: 
Monthly mean 


Daily mean maximum 


Daily mean minimum 
Highest on record. 


Lowest on record 


Precipitation: 
Total, inches 


Days with 0.01 inch or more- 
Total snowfall, inches 


Percentage of possible sun- 
shine - 


Number of clear days 


Hourly wind velocity, miles.. 

TEXAS, FORT WORTH 

Temperature: 
Monthly mean 


Daily mean maximum 


Daily TTipan miTiimnrn 


Highest on record 


Lowest on record 


Precipitation: 
Total, inches 


Days with 0.01 inch or more. 
Total snowfall, inches 


0.6 

60 
11 
10.1 

56.3 
61.9 
51.1 
83 
8 

2.83 
9 
0.3 

52 
9 

11.4 


0.3 

68 
13 
11.6 

62.4 
67.4 
57.2 
85 
30 

2.68 
8 
0) 

56 
10 
11.5 


P) 

68 
11 
11.5 

68.7 
73.7 
64.5 
86 
41 

3.06 
7 


62 
11 
11.7 




71 
11 
10.7 

74.8 
80.0 
71.0 
93 
52 

3.42 
6 


69 
12 
11.1 




78 
13 
10.4 

80.7 
85.7 
76.8 
99 
57 

4.37 
7 


77 
15 
10.3 




81 
15 
9.5 

83.4 

87.8 
78.6 
101 
66 

3.71 
9 


73 

14 
9.4 




81 
15 
9.2 

83.0 
87.9 
78.5 
100 
67 

4.28 
9 


71 
15 
9.1 




76 
16 
9.1 

80.1 
84.8 
75.4 
96 
54 

5.57 
9 


70 

15 
9.9 


(0 

72 
16 
9.3 

72.7 
77.8 
67.9 
91 
41 

4.36 
7 


74 
18 
10.2 


Percentage of possible sun- 
shine 


Number of clear days 


Hourly wind velocity, miles.. 

TEXAS, GALVESTON 

Temperature: 
Monthly mean 


Daily mean maximum 


Daily mean minimum 
Highest on record 


Lowest on record 


Precipitation: 
Total, inches 


Days with 0.01 inch or more- 
Total snowfall, inches .. . . 


Percentage of possible sun- 
shine . 


Number of clear days 


Hourly wind velocity, miles.. 



i Trace. 



CLIMATE 143 

No. 144. CLIMATIC CONDITIONS, ETC. Continued 



Station 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


May 


June 


July 


Aug. 


Sept. 


Oct. 


tfov. 


Dec. 


An- 
nual 


TEXAS, SAN ANTONIO 

Temperature: 
Monthly mean 


52.3 
62.9 
43.0 
87 
6 

1.46 
8 
0.2 

50 
11 
8.0 

29.2 
36.6 
21.9 
60 
-20 

1.31 
10 
11.5 

45 
8 
6.7 

15.2 
26.3 
5.1 
63 
-33 

2.35 
14 
17.0 

37 
5 
8.0 

37.9 

48.1 
30.1 
78 

1 

3.21 
10 
3.5 

50 
10 
8.1 

39.5 
44.4 
35.7 
67 
3 


55.4 
66.2 
45.4 
91 
4 

1.65 
7 
0.1 

53 
10 

8.7 

33.8 
41.3 
26.3 
68 
-13 

1.51 
10 
10.3 

50 
8 
7.0 

16.4 
26.8 
5.4 
61 
-35 

2.25 
11 
19.7 

47 
6 
8.0 

39.6 
48.5 
29.8 
82 
3 

3.17 
10 
3.7 

56 
10 
8.3 

41.1 
47.3 
36.7 
67 

4 


62.8 
73.3 
51.8 
97 
21 

1.84 
7 
0) 

57 
11 
9.3 

41.7 
50.5 
32.9 

77 


1.98 
10 
10.0 

57 
10 

8.1 

26.4 
36.9 
16.6 
75 
-22 

2.56 
13 
15.2 

50 
8.2 

47.2 

58.2 
37.7 
94 
14 

3.68 
11 
2.3 

58 
11 
9.1 

44.9 
51.6 
38.9 
81 
20 


69.1 
79.7 
58.9 
100 
35 

11. 



58 
9 
9.0 

49.6 

59.8 
40.0 
85 
18 

2.05 
9 
3.5 

64 
10 

8.7 

40.3 
50.0 
29.2 
85 

2.28 
12 
6.2 

49 
6 
8.2 

56.6 
67.1 
45.6 
96 
19 

3.49 
10 
0.4 

62 
12 
8.6 

49.4 
57.6 
42.2 
85 
30 


75.1 
85.1 
65.3 
103 
44 

3.20 

8 


61 
9 

8.8 

57.4 
68.7 
47.3 
93 
25 

1.92 
8 
0.3 

68 
12 

8.7 

52.8 
64.0 
40.1 

?! 

2.75 
13 
0.3 

52 
6 

7.8 

66.5 
76.8 
55.4 
96 
35 

3.79 
12 



67 
12 
7.3 

54.5 
63.0 
47.0 
92 
3fi 


81.0 
91.2 
71.1 
106 
48 

2.46 
6 


70 
12 

8.0 

67.4 
79.7 
55.9 
101 
32 

0.80 
G) 5 

78 
17 

8.5 

61.3 
72.9 
48.9 
96 
28 

3.19 
13 


56 
6 

6.8 

74.1 
83.6 
63.8 
104 
45 

3.90 
11 


66 
11 
6.5 

59.0 
68.0 
51.5 
98 
40 


83.8 
94.0 
73.2 
106 
60 

2.17 
6 


73 
14 
7.5 

75.7 
88.6 
64.1 
105 
43 

0.51 
4 


79 

18 

8.2 

65.9 
77.7 
53.7 
98 
34 

3.58 
14 


58 
5 
6.7 

78.5 
87.7 
68.4 
105 
52 

4.73 
11 


67 
11 
6.4 

63.1 
73.0 
54.7 
95 
46 


83.5 
94.6 
73.2 
107 
57 

2.42 
5 


76 
14 
7.0 

74.5 
86.6 
62.8 
101 
42 

0.85 
6 


76 
17 
7.9 

63.4 
74.7 
51.0 
95 
31 

3.53 
12 



56 
6 
6.4 

76.5 
85.5 
67.0 
107 
49 

4.42 
11 


62 
10 
6.1 

63.1 
72.8 
54.9 

S 


79.0 
89.3 
69.3 
103 
46 

3.05 
7 


68 
12 
7.1 

64.4 
76.3 
52.9 
97 
29 

0.98 
0) 

76 
18 
8.1 

56.1 
67.8 
44.4 
92 
20 

3.07 

12 
0) 

49 
6.6 

70.5 
80.6 
61.3 
101 
41 

3.25 
11 


64 
12 
6.1 

58.1 
66.4 
51.4 
90 
36 


70.5 
81.6 
60.3 
98 
32 

2.23 
6 


66 
15 
7.2 

52.5 
63.0 
42.3 
88 
22 

1.44 
6 
1.0 

69 
16 

7.5 

45.5 
55.8 
34.5 
85 

9 

2.86 
12 
1.3 

42 
6 
7.7 

59.6 
70.3 
49.3 
94 


60.3 
71.1 
51.3 
89 
22 

1.90 
7 
0) 

53 
11 

7.7 

41.1 
49.6 
32.4 
74 

1.35 

7 
5.5 

58 
12 
6.7 

32.8 
41.6 
24.5 
72 
14 

2.93 
13 

8.7 

29 
4 
8.0 

48.3 
58.7 
38.9 
82 
14 

2.21 
0.3 

58 
13 
7.4 

45.6 
50.8 
41.3 
68 
15 


53.7 
63.4 
44.4 
86 
15 

1.61 
8 
0.2 

48 
12 
7.8 

31.9 
38.7 
24.6 
62 
-10 

1.43 
10 
11.6 

45 

8 
6.4 

20.4 
29.4 
11.0 
65 
41 


68.9 
79.4 
58.9 
107 
4 

27.18 
83 
0.5 

61 

140 

8.0 

51.6 
61.6 
42.0 
105 
-20 

16.13 
90 
53.7 

64 
154 

7.7 

41.4 
52.0 
30.4 
98 
-41 

33.84 
152 
82.5 

46 

68 
7.5 

57.9 
67.8 
48.2 
107 
3 

42.02 
121 
13.2 

60 
138 
7.3 

51.0 
58.3 
44.9 
98 
3 


Daily mean maximum 


Daily mean minimum 


Highest on record 


Lowest on record 


Precipitation: 
Total, inches 


Days with 0.01 inch or more. 
Total snowfall, inches 


Percentage of possible sun- 
shine - -- 


Number of clear days 


Hourly wind velocity, miles.. 

UTAH, SALT LAKE CITY 

Temperature: 
Monthly mean 


Daily mean maximum 


Daily mean minimum 


Highest on record 


Lowest on record 


Precipitation: 
Total, inches 


Days with 0.01 inch or more- 
Total snowfall, inches 


Percentage of possible sun- 
shine _ 


Number of clear days 


Hourly wind velocity, miles 

VERMONT, NOBTHFIELD 

Temperature: 
Monthly mean 


Daily mean maximum 


"Daily mean minimum 


Highest on record 


Lowest on record 


Precipitation: 
Total, inches . 


2.49 
13 
14.1 

30 
4 
7.4 

39.8 
48.5 
31.2 
77 
2 

3.29 
10 
3.0 

49 
11 
7.4 

41.7 
46.1 
37.6 
62 
12 


Days with 0.01 inch or more- 
Total snowfall, inches 


Percentage of possible sun- 
shine 


Number of clear days _.. 


Hourly wind velocity, miles. . 

VIBGINIA, RICHMOND 

Temperature: 
Monthly mean 


Daily mean maximum 


Daily meat) minimum 


Highest on record .. 


Lowest on record 


28 
2.88 
0) 

65 
15 
6.8 

51.4 
58.3 
46.5 
82 
29 


Precipitation: 
Total, inches 


Days with 0.01 inch or more- 
Total snowfall, inches 


Percentage of possible sun- 
shine 


Number of clear days.- 


Hourly wind velocity, miles . 

WASHINGTON, SEATTLE 

Temperature: 
Monthly mean.. -. 


Daily mean maximum 
Daily mean minimum 
Highest on record 


Lowest on record. .. 



iTracs. 

150214 38 11 



144 CLIMATE 

No. 144. CLIMATIC CONDITIONS, ETC. Continued 



Station 


Jan 


Feb 


Mar. 


Apr 


May 


June 


July 


Aug 


Sept. 


Oct. 


Nov 


Dec. 


An- 
nual 


WASHINGTON, SEATTLE COn. 

Precipitation: 
Total, inches 


4.9 
1 
5. 

2< 
11. \ 

32.5 
41.7 
25.5 
74 
16 


3.89 
16 
3.9 

36 
8.< 

34.2 
42.1 
25.3 

77 
-27 

3.13 
13 
6.6 

36 
7.9 

17.4 
25.6 
9.6 
60 
-33 

1.56 
9 
11.3 

52 


3.05 
16 
1.0 

44 
5 
10.1 

42.8 
52.7 
33.6 
89 
4 

3.49 
14 
4.3 

40 

8 
8.0 

28.6 
36.6 
21.2 
82 
-23 

2.04 
10 
9.5 

55 


2.3 
1 
0. 

5 
8. 

53.4 
63.7 
42.7 
93 
15 

3.19 
13 
0.9 

47 
10 

7.5 

43.2 
51.8 
34.4 
85 
11 

2.65 
11 
3.3 

58 


1.8 
1 
0) 

& 
8.; 

63.8 
74.2 
52.5 
96 
31 

3.38 
12 

0) 

53 
11 
6.1 

54.9 
64.5 
45.2 
99 
22 

3.52 
12 
0.2 

60 


1.3; 

5 

8.7 

71.4 
82. 
62. 
99 
41 

4.00 
1] 

57 
11 
5.5 

64.9 
75.3 

55.7 
100 
34 


0.6! 

65 
13 
8.2 

75.4 
85.8 
64.9 
104 
48 

4.29 
12 

61 
13 
5.2 

70.0 
80.4 
60.4 
104 
43 

3.46 
10 


71 
8 
8.8 

67.4 
84.1 
51.8 
102 
32 

0.69 
6 


75 
13 
5.8 


0.70 

60 
13 

7.0 

73.9 
83.9 
63.3 
106 
45 

3.51 
11 

o 

56 
12 
5.0 

67.7 
77.3 
58.1 
98 
38 

3.18 
9 


67 
8 
8.7 

65.5 
82.3 
49.6 
96 
23 

0.53 
5 


75 

14 
5.4 


1.77 

49 
&< 

67.3 
78.9 
57.3 
99 
33 

2.76 
| 


57 
13 
5.1 

60.4 
70.0 
51.6 
97 
25 

3.52 
10 


59 
8 
9.6 

55.7 
71. 8 
40.5 
90 

7 

0.92 
5 
1.8 

71 
15 
5.6 


2.84 
13 
0) 

34 

8.6 

56.1 
66.7 
45.0 
91 
20 

2.48 
9 
0.1 

50 
12 

5.7 

48.5 
56.8 
40.5 
84 
8 

2.54 
9 
0.8 

52 
7 
10.3 

43.5 
58.8 
29.8 
83 
14 


5.03 
17 
0.9 

22 

8.7 

43.8 
53.3 
35.6 
82 

2.57 
11 
1.2 

34 

6.8 

34.0 

41.2 
28.0 
71 
-12 

2.16 
9 
4.7 

40 
10.7 

30.3 
44.4 
17.8 
72 
-31 

0.60 
3 
7.0 

59 
1] 
4.8 


5.60 
19 
1.8 

21 
11. 1 

35.2 
43.1 

27.7 
72 


34.03 

151 
12.9 

43 

76 
9.1 

54.2 
64.0 
44.6 
106 
-27 

39.41 
145 
24.4 

46 
116 
6.4 

44.0 
53.3 
35.8 
104 
-36 

31.58 
120 
51.3 

55 
84 
10.2 

42.5 
56.8 
28.7 
102 
-40 

2.63 
67 
70.2 

68 
143 
5.5 


Days with 0.01 inch or more 
Total snowfall, inches.. .. 


Percentage of possible sun- 
shine . . .- 


Number of clear days 


Hourly wind velocity, miles 4 . 

WEST VIRGINIA, PARKERS- 
BURG 

Temperature: 
Monthly mean .. 


Daily mean maximum .. 
Daily mean minimum 
Highest on record- .. .. 


Lowest on record 


-10 

3.03 
13 

4.7 

26 
( 

7.0 

22.3 
28.9 
15.9 
55 
-21 

1.71 
10 
9.3 

40 
6 
10.5 

20.4 
32.1 
6.7 
62 
40 


Precipitation: 
Total, inches 


3.58 
16 
6.6 

29 

7.4 

15.7 
24.0 
8.7 
51 


Days with 0.01 inch or more. 
Total snowfall, inches 


Percentage of possible sun- 
shine 


Number of clear days. 


Hourly wind velocity, miles ._ 

WISCONSIN, GREEN BAY 

Temperature: 
Monthly mean 


Daily mean maximum 


Daily mean minimum 
Highest on record 


Lowest on record 


-36 

1.54 
10 
12.2 

45 


Precipitation: 
Total, inches 


3.70 

11 


67 


Days with 0.01 inch or more. 
Total snowfall, inches 
Percentage of possible sun- 
shine 


Nnmhp.r of f]p,ar days 


Hourly wind velocity, miles. . 

WYOMING, LANDER 

Temperature: 
Monthly mean 


10.4 

18.3 
32.4 
5.8 
64 
-39 

0.56 
4 
5.0 

66 
12 
4.8 


10.7 

22.5 
35.9 
9.5 
68 
-40 

0.63 
5 
8.7 

70 
11 

4.8 


11.1 

32.4 
44.9 
19.4 
71 
-24 

1.19 
7 
12.0 

71 
10 
6.6 


11.2 

42.4 

55.0 
29.5 
82 
-11 

2.06 
8 
14.5 

65 
9 
6.4 


10.7 

51.2 
64.6 
38.2 
88 
13 

2.26 
9 
4.9 

65 
9 
6.2 


9.4 

60.5 
76.0 
45.9 
96 
26 

1.15 
6 
0.4 

74 
12 
6.1 


Daily mean maximum 


Daily mean minimum 


Highest on record 


Lowest on record 


Precipitation: 
Total, inches 


1.36 
5 
8.4 

65 
14 
5.2 


0.68 
4 
7.5 

61 
13 
4.7 


Days with 0.01 inch or more- 
Total snowfall, inches 
Percentage of possible sun- 
shine 


Number of clear days 


Hourly wind velocity, miles.. 



1 Trace. 

4 Adjusted to elevation of 349 feet, 3-year record. 

Source: The Division of Climate and Crop Weather, Weather Bureau, Department of Agriculture. 



8. ARMY, NAVY, VETERANS' ADMINISTRATION ACTIVI- 
TIES, SOCIAL SECURITY, CIVIL SERVICE, ELECTIONS, 
ETC. 

No. 145. ARMY OF THE UNITED STATES: STRENGTH OF COMPONENT PARTS 

NOTE. Prior to 1914, table covers quinquennial years and years in which considerable changes occurred 
in the number of Regular Army. Figures for Officers' Reserve Corps include Regular Army enlisted 
men and also, prior to 1924, National Guard officers holding commissions in the reserve. There is, 
therefore, some duplication in the grand totals ,but the number of this personnel is not so great as to 
make a material difference in the figures. 



June 30 


Grand 
total 


Regular Army 1 


National Guard 


Reserve forces 


Total 


Officers 


Enlisted 
men 


Total 


Officers 


En- 
listed 
men 


Total 


Officers 


Enlisted 
men 


1890... 


136, 624 
140,051 
223, 366 
200,696 
185,805 

178, 269 
187, 369 
203, 385 
200,378 

213, 313 
225, 819 
235, 410 
244,483 
629.863 

2, 246, 103 
3, 673, 888 

931, 422 
363,540 

407,920 
373, 597 
370,042 
397, 794 
406,162 

410, 902 
421, 519 
426, 075 
421, 466 
426, 825 

439,081 
440, 162 
445,449 
440,764 
440, 788 

474,353 


27,089 
27, 172 
68,155 
81,586 
75,584 

66,956 
76,428 
84,459 
80,718 

91, 461 
97,760 
105, 993 
107,641 
250, 357 

741,084 
"3,673,888 

836, 882 
200, 367 

227, 374 
146, 069 
130, 964 
140, 644 
134, 624 

133, 033 
133, 079 
134, 331 
137, 360 
137, 472 

138, 648 
133, 042 
135,011 
136, 970 
137,960 
166, 114 


2,168 
2,154 
2,486 
2,940 
3,731 

3,934 
3,966 
4,208 
4,439 

4,650 
4,883 
4,798 
5,025 
6,332 

10, 518 
"188,434 

"78,003 
"15,519 

" 14, 124 
"14,075 
"12,682 
1 3 12, 501 
1312,909 

1 3 13, 105 
1313,175 
" 13, 174 
13, 168 
"13,195 

13, 205 
is 13, 153 
13, 223 
13 13, 147 
13 12, 862 

" 12, 902 


24,921 
25, 018 
65,669 
78,646 
71,853 

63,022 
72, 462 
80,251 
76,279 

86,811 
92,877 
101, 195 
102, 616 
244,025 

730,566 
"3,485,454 

758, 879 
184,848 

213, 250 
131, 994 
118, 282 
128, 143 
121, 715 

119,928 
119,904 
121, 157 
124,192 
124, 277 

125, 443 
119, 889 
121, 788 
123, 823 
125,098 

153, 212 


109,535 
112,879 
122, 213 
115, 749 
110, 221 

111,313 
110, 941 
118,926 
119,660 

121,852 
128,043 
129, 398 
132, 194 
6 314,581 

445,678 


8,555 
9,227 
8,246 
8,751 
() 
8,680 
8,583 
8,975 
9,155 

9,142 

8,792 
8,705 
8,589 
7 11, 000 

7 12, 000 


100,980 
103,652 
113, 967 
106,998 
0) 
102,633 
102, 358 
109, 951 
110,505 

112,710 
119, 251 
120, 693 
123,605 
303,581 

i 433,678 








1895. . . 








1900 


332,998 
3,361 


1,531 
350 


31,467 
3,011 


1901 


1902 


1905 








1908 
1909 














1910 








1912. 








1914... 


16 
19 
'4,648 
64,925 

1, 059, 341 




16 
19 
4,648 
43, 382 

11 923, 961 


1915 




1916 




1917 


821,543 
10 135, 380 


1918.. 


1918 \ 
(Nov.ll)/ 
1919 


37, 210 
56,090 

113, 640 
159,658 
160, 598 
177, 428 
177, 525 

174,969 
181, 142 
181, 221 
176,988 
182, 715 

187,386 
187, 412 
185, 925 
184, 791 
185,915 

189, 173 


1,198 
2,073 

5,843 
8,744 
9,675 
i' 10, 996 
is 11, 595 

is 11, 435 
i 12, 192 
i* 12, 428 
"12,535 
'512,930 

" 13, 249 
is 13, 549 
is 13, 569 
is 13, 507 
i* 13, 571 

! 13, 721 


36, 012 
54,017 

107, 797 
150, 914 
150,923 
166, 432 
165, 930 

163,534 
168,950 
168,793 
164,453 
169, 785 

174, 137 
173,863 
172, 356 
171,284 
172,344 

175, 452 


57,330 
107,083 

66,906 
67, 870 
78,480 
79,722 
94,013 

102,900 
107, 298 
110, 523 
107,118 
106,638 

113, 047 
119, 708 
124, 513 
119,003 
116,913 

119,066 


45, 573 
868,232 

866,905 
s 67, 390 
876,923 
8 76, 322 
8 88, 898 

8 97, 125 
8 101, 563 
8 105, 059 
8 101. 926 
8 101, 917 

8108,210 
8114,836 
8 119, 485 
8 114, 357 
8 112, 590 

8 115, 169 


1 1,757 
38, 851 

i* 1 
i*480 
i* 1, 557 
1*3,400 
1*5,115 

1*5,775 
i* 5, 735 
i* 5, 464 
i* 5, 192 
i* 4, 721 

1*4,837 
i4,872 
1*5,028 
i* 4, 646 
i* 4, 323 

1*3,897 


1920 


1921.. 


1922 
1923... 
1924 
1925 

1926... 
1927 
1928 
1929 
1930 

1931 

1932 
1933. .. 
1934 
1935 

1936 



i Includes Philippine Scouts beginning with 1902. Figures for 1919 to 1926, inclusive, include in most 
cases World War emergency personnel still in service. All emergency enlisted men still in service were 
discharged on July 2, 1921. On Nov. 11, 1926, the last emergency officer was discharged, thereby complet- 
ing the demobilization of the World War Army. Retired personnel on active duty are not included. 

3 State militia prior to act of June 3, 1916. 

U. S. Volunteers. 

* Figures on officers and enlisted men not available. 

8 Regular Army Reserve. The Regular Army Reserve was abolished by act of June 4, 1920. 

8 Includes National Guard personnel in Federal service. 
7 Estimate. 

1 Officers' Reserve Corps. Beginning with 1924, figures do not include individuals who hold commis- 
sions also in the National Guard. 

9 Includes Regular Army Reserve, 8,382; Enlisted Reserve Corps, 35,000 (estimate). 
10 Includes Officers' Reserve Corps, 86,262; National Army, 49,118 (estimate). 

"Estimated enlisted strength of the National Army. Practically all members of the Regular Army 
Reserve and the Enlisted Reserve Corps had, by this date, been assigned to duty with Regular Army, 
National Guard, and National Army organizations. 

i Estimates only. Under orders of the Secretary of War all components had been merged into one army 
Known as "The United States Army." 

13 Beginning with 1919, figures for commissioned officers include warrant officers in the following num- 
bers: 1919, 37; 1920, 68; 1921, 1,159; 1922, 1,151; 1923, 1,085; 1924, 1,063; 1925, 1,028; 1926, 1.325; 1927, 1,262; 
1928, 1,208; 1929, 1,138; 1930, 1,089; 1931, 1,028; 1932, 973; 1933, 926; 1934, 869; 1935, 825; 1936, 784. 

14 Enlisted Reserve Corps. 

n Beginning with 1924, figures for commissioned officers include warrant officers in the following num- 
bers: 1924, 87; 1925, 160; 1926, 162; 1927, 182; 1928, 184; 1929, 188; 1930, 198; 1931, 198; 1932, 204; 1933, 205; 
1934, 198; 1935, 201; 1936, 198. 

Source : Reports of the War Department. 

145 



146 



ARMY AND NAVY 



No. 146. NATIONAL GUARD: ORGANIZED STRENGTH, JUNE 30, 1936 



State or Territory 


Offi- 
cers 1 


En- 
listed 
men 


State or Territory 


Offi- 
cers 1 


En- 
listed 
men 


State or Territory 


Offi- 
cers ! 


En- 
listed 
men 


Total- 


13, 721 


175, 452 


Kentucky . 


215 


2,708 


Ohio 


635 


8,203 










139 


1 927 




400 


4 842 


Alabama .- 


228 


2,544 


Maine 


187 


2,345 


Oregon 


218 


2 957 


Arizona 


85 


1, 138 


Maryland 


261 


3,176 


Pennsylvania 


848 


10 891 


Arkansas. 


163 


2,239 


Massachusetts.. . 


674- 


8,885 


Puerto Rico 


89 


1,459 


California 


505 


6,470 


Michigan 


344 


4,261 


Rhode Island 


166 


1 874 


Colorado 


156 


1 734 


Minnesota 


359 


4 737 


South Carolina 


155 


2 110 


Connecticut 


325 


4,005 


Mississippi 


170 


2,058 


South Dakota 


107 


1 228 


Delaware 


57 


777 


Missouri 


321 


4 211 


Tennessee 


207 


2 295 


Dist. of Col 


83 


1,147 


Montana 


76 


1,094 


Texas 


617 


7,640 


Florida 


177 


2,384 


Nebraska 


123 


1,672 


Utah 


140 


1 345 


Georgia 


262 


3,369 


Nevada 


17 


263 


Vermont 


85 


1, 138 


Hawaii 


106 


1,578 


New Hampshire 


83 


1, 196 


Virginia 


273 


3 590 


Idaho 


117 


1,294 


New Jersey 


380 


4,876 


Washington 


226 


2,547 


Illinois 


679 


9,186 


New Mexico 


76 


923 


West Virginia 


123 


1,786 


Indiana 


351 


4,471 


New York 


1,44] 


19, 214 


Wisconsin 


349 


4 352 


Iowa 


272 


3,433 


North Carolina 


264 


3,181 


Wyoming 


51 


637 


Kansas 


259 


2,966 


North Dakota 


77 


1,096 



























Includes 198 warrant officers. 



No. 147. NAVY, MARINE CORPS, NAVAL RESERVE, AND MARINE CORPS 
RESERVE : ORGANIZED STRENGTH, JUNE 30 



Year 


Navy 


Naval Reserve l 


Marine Corps 


Marine Corps 
Reserve 


Officers 


Enlisted 
men 


Officers 


Enlisted 
men 


Officers 


Enlisted 
men 


Officers 


Enlisted 
men 


1905... 


2,252 
2,921 
3,780 
7,974 
9,171 
8,625 
7,831 
7,873 
8,126 
8,389 
8,574 
8,904 
8,856 
8,905 
8,985 
9,260 
9,423 
9,449 
9,582 
9,721 
9,735 


30, 804 
45, 076 
52, 561 
208, 671 
107, 601 
119, 205 
88, 580 
82, 355 
87, 327 
84,289 
82, 161 
83, 566 
84,276 
85,284 
84, 872 
80, 863 
81, 093 
79,206 
80,312 
82, 818 
93, 054 


465 
540 
606 
215,486 
28, 482 
a 19, 734 
a 5, 340 
4.222 
3,975 
3,818 
3,736 
3,771 
4,091 
6,078 
7,002 
7,549 
7,869 
7,978 
8,557 
9,571 
11, 187 


4,475 
5,961 
7,706 
217, 136 
1,349 
( 3 ) 
4 13, 400 
16,098 
21, 015 
24, 457 
25, 654 
26,293 
27, 072 
28,821 
31, 777 
34, 586 
34, 802 
32, 889 
32, 309 
32, 649 
33, 629 


273 
334 
344 
1,283 
1,106 
1,087 
1,142 
1,140 
,157 
,168 
,178 
,200 
,198 
,182 
,212 
,194 
,196 
,192 
,187 
1,163 
1,208 


6,932 
9,152 
9,968 
45, 348 
16, 061 
21, 903 
20, 098 
18, 533 
19, 176 
18, 310 
17, 956 
18,000 
17, 822 
17, 615 
18, 172 
17, 586 
15, 355 
14, 876 
15, 174 
16, 097 
16, 010 






1910 






1915... 






1918 


210 
564 
545 
446 
136 
137 
150 
250 
378 
413 
445 
488 
536 
557 
642 
645 
689 
6715 


5,188 
4,750 
4,180 
1,110 
443 
501 
483 
2,647 
5,685 
8,366 
9,119 
10, 265 
9,425 
8,437 
8,742 
7,576 
8,378 
9,737 


1920 


1921 


1922 


1923.. 


1924 


1925... 


1926 


1927. 


1928 


1929 


1930 


1931 


1932--. 


1933 


1934--. 


1935 


1936 





1 Naval Militia prior to 1917. 
Enrolled. 



3 No figures available. 
* Approximate. 



Includes 359 Aviation Cadets. 
6 Includes 25 Aviation Cadets. 



No. 148. VESSELS OF THE U. S. NAVY FIT FOR SERVICE (INCLUDING THOSE 
UNDER REPAIR) : NUMBER AND DISPLACEMENT 



Date 


Total 


Fighting ships 


Nonfighting ships 


Num- 
ber 


Displace- 
ment 


Num- 
ber 


Displace- 
ment 


Num- 
ber 


Displace- 
ment 


June 30: 
1906... 


276 

308 
343 
795 
754 
685 

591 

595 
584 
565 
550 


Tons 
692, 592 
1,075,407 
1, 352, 135 
2,111,457 
2, 274, 376 
2, 228, 617 

2, 021, 519 
2, 010, 249 
2, 059, 679 
2, 043, 624 
2, 048, 384 


200 

220 
230 
618 
567 
551 

458 
467 
457 
436 
416 


Tons 
518, 115 
828, 695 
913, 334 
1, 369, 880 
1, 269, 791 
1, 305, 744 

1, 080, 750 
1, 097, 930 
1, 155, 930 
1, 155, 780 
1, 155, 560 


76 
88 
113 
177 
187 
134 

133 
128 
127 
129 
134 


Tons 
174, 477 
246, 712 
438, 801 
741, 577 
1,004,585 
922, 873 

940, 769 
912, 319 
903, 749 
887, 844 
892, 824 


1910 


1915... 


1920 


1925 


1930 


December 31: 
1932 


1933 . .. 


1934 


1935- . 


1936 . 





Sources: Table 146, War Department; Tables 147 and 148, Navy Department. 



NAVY VESSELS AMERICAN RED CROSS 



147 



No. 149. VESSELS OF THE U. S. NAVY FIT FOR SERVICE (INCLUDING THOSE 
UNDER REPAIR) : NUMBER AND DISPLACEMENT, BY TYPES, DECEMBER 31, 1936 

NOTE. Displacements of combatant vessels are given as standard displacements (displacements arrived 
at in accordance with the terms of the London Treaty for the Limitation and Reduction of Naval Arma- 
ment); of all other vessels, load displacements. Vessels under construction December 31, 1936, were as 
follows: 2 heavy cruisers (20,000 tons), 9 light cruisers (90,000 tons), 3 aircraft carriers (54,500 tons); 
41 destroyers (64, 300 tons); 15 submarines (21,255 tons); total, 70 vessels (250,055 tons). In addition, there 
are 2 destroyers, 1 submarine, 2 floating drydocks, and 1 transport authorized but contracts not placed, 
exclusive of new construction authorized by act of March 27, 1934 



Class and type 


In commis- 
sion i 


Out of com- 
mission 


Class and type 


In commis- 
sion l 


Out of com- 
mission 


Num- 
ber 


Dis- 
place- 
ment 


Num- 
ber 


Dis- 
place- 
ment 


Num- 
ber 


Dis- 
place- 
ment 


Num- 
ber 


Dis- 
place- 
ment 


Grand total 
Battleships, total- 


367 


1, 509, 484 


183 


538,900 


Patrol vessels, total 

Eagles 


37 
8 

14 
5 
8 
2 
76 
6 

5 
2 

9 
2 

1 
2 


16, 910 
3,440 

1,050 
7,680 
3,120 
1,620 
443,665 
60,950 

40,500 
7 23, 000 

7,560 
18,720 
2,315 
21,100 


10 
9 

1 


3,945 
3,870 

75 


15 
8 

7 

26 

16 


464, 300 
260,500 
203,800 

222, 300 
151,800 






Submarine chas- 
ers 


Not over age 






Overage 






Gunboats 




1 


7,350 


River gunboats. .- 
Converted yachts 
Auxiliaries, total 
Destroyer tenders- 
Submarine tend- 
ers 






Heavy cruisers 
Not over age 
Over age 






33 
2 

1 


342,290 
21,750 

9,000 


1 


7,350 


Light cruisers 
Not over age 
Aircraft carriers 


10 

3 
3 
120 
330 
90 
51 
25 
25 

1 
26 

1 

4 
21 


70,500 

2 80, 500 
80,500 
149, 605 
3 46,275 
103,330 
53, 330 
832,240 
18,380 

2,710 
26,480 
4,200 

4,640 
17,640 






Seaplane tenders. - 
Seaplane tenders, 
small 






Not over age 






Destroyers, total 


80 


89,100 


Repair ships 
Floating drydock. 
Store ships 


1 


8,100 




<80 
35 


* 89, 100 
21,690 


2 
3 
10 
1 
3 


25,200 
57,640 
158,650 
10,600 
33,450 


Submarines, total 
Xot overage 


Colliers . 


Oilers 


8 
1 
2 
2 
1 
20 

5 
10 
13 


110,850 
10,600 
22,900 
20,700 
9,800 
19,650 

6,170 
68,850 
52,394 


Ammunition ships 


Overage - .. - 


<35 


*21,690 


Mine laying not 


Transports 


Mine vessels, total.. 
Mine layers 


12 
3 

2 

7 


20,050 
11,850 

< 2, 320 
5,880 


Hospital ships 
' Ocean-going tugs- 
Submarine rescue 
vessels 


1 
8 

1 


9,450 
7,330 

1,120 


Light mine lay- 
ers over age 
Mine sweepers 


Miscellaneous 
Unclassified 


1012 


10 54, 475 





1 Includes vessels in reserve commission. 

2 Excludes weight allowance under Washington Treaty for providing against air and submarine attack. 

3 Includes 15 destroyers in commission but not completed. 

4 The following have been reduced to hulks: 4 destroyers, 2 light mine layers, and 5 submarines. 

Includes 2 vessels in commission but not completed. 6 Includes 0-1 on list as an experimental vessel. 
7 Includes the estimated standard displacement for U. S. S. Langley. 8 Standard displacement. 

9 Includes U. S. S. Potomac, the displacement for which is estimated. 

10 Includes U. S. S. Constitution, which is in service but not in commission. 



No. 150. AMERICAN NATIONAL RED CROSS: EXPENDITURES OF THE 
NATIONAL ORGANIZATION AND ADULT MEMBERSHIP, YEARS ENDED JUNE 30 

NOTE. Expenditures in thousands of dollars. Expenditures do not include chapter budgets. For the 
fiscal year 1936, additional expenditures by the 3,710 chapters were estimated at about $6,000,000 





1928 


1929 


1930 


1931 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1936 


Adult membership (thousands) : 
Total, including insular and foreign- 
Continental United States, in- 
cluding Alaska. _ 


4,059 

3.975 
3.4 
9,866 


4,128 

4,019 
3.4 
11,064 


4,131 

4,006 
3.3 

4,255 


4,076 

3,962 
3.2 

15, 182 


4,004 

3,900 
3.1 
6,553 


3,702 

3,608 
2.9 
3,674 


3,802 

3,711 
2.9 
3,717 


3,838 

3,734 
2.9 
2,946 


4,138 

4,027 
3.2 

7,683 


Percent of total population 1 
Expenditures, total. .. 1 




Detail of expenditures ! 


1935 


1936 


Detail of expenditures J 


19S5 


1936 


Disaster relief 


630 
543 
88 
169 
174 

484 
120 


5,232 
5,168 
64 
186 
299 

515 
129 


Qenei 
cha 
Publi 
clue 
LeagL 
Other 
Super 
gen 


al service and assistance to 
pters 


529 

294 
128 

84 

332 


498 

269 
128 
86 

341 


Domestic 


Insular and foreign 


c information and roll 
ing assistance to chapl 
e of Red Cross Societie 


call, in- 
ers 


Nursing service.. ... - . 


First aid and life saving- . 


^ 


Work for ex-service men and men now 
servine in Army and Navy 




vision of servic 
jral managemei 


activities and 
it 


Junior Red Cross .. 







1 Based on revised population estimates of the Bureau of the Census. 

2 Activities common to all services, such as central stenographic section, files, etc., have been prorated 
to the various services according to the use that the services make of them. 

Sources: Table 149, Navy Department; Table 150, The American Red Cross, except as noted. 



148 



VETERANS' ADMINISTRATION 



No. 151. DISBURSEMENTS BY THE VETERANS' ADMINISTRATION AND 
PREDECESSOR ORGANIZATIONS: YEARS ENDED JUNE 30 

NOTE Amounts in thousands of dollars. The Veterans' Administration is responsible for extending 
benefits provided by law to veterans and dependents of deceased veterans, including pensions and com- 
pensation, insurance, adjusted compensation, emergency officers' retirement pay for veterans of the 
World War, and hospital and domiciliary care for veterans of all wars. In the following table, disburse- 
ments from the civil service and Canal Zone retirement funds, administered by the Veterans' Adminis- 
tration during 1931 to 1934, are not included. The total amount disbursed from insurance premiums, 
allotments deducted from pay of World War veterans while in service, etc., $1,075,122,000 



Year 


Total for 
relief of 
veterans 


Pensions and compensation 


Total * 


Span- 
ish- 
Ameri- 
can 
War 


Civil 
War 


World War 


Total 


Death 
com- 
pensa- 
tion 2 


Disa- 
bility 
compen- 
sation 3 


Emer- 
gency 
officers' 
retire- 
ment 
pay 


Disa- 
bility 
allow- 
ance 
or non- 
service 


To June 30, 1919. 
1920 


6, 547, 635 
514, 979 
664, 538 
744, 896 
743, 635 
654, 786 
620,823 
653, 494 
644, 962 
659, 871 
673, 289 
684, 023 
759, 367 
841, 437 
833, 499 
545, 838 
609,916 
3, 839, 120 


5, 629, 163 
316, 418 
380, 026 
377, 158 
388,607 
345, 490 
346, 748 
372, 281 
403, 630 
410, 765 
418, 821 
418, 433 
488, 389 
545, 800 
550, 585 
321, 395 
374, 42 
399, 010 


65, 211 
4,624 
6,172 
11, 639 
17,887 
21, 140 
25, 099 
30,223 
57, 233 
70, 674 
76, 846 
83, 751 
102, 256 
113, 758 
125, 306 
55, 614 
77, 753 
108, 584 


5, 299, 860 
202, 586 
246, 585 
236, 151 
238, 925 
203,000 
186,208 
171, 606 
166, 493 
149, 669 
143, 594 
125, 785 
121, 994 
107, 866 
98, 273 
69, 815 
63, 530 
55, 637 


11,680 
103, 159 
121, 330 
123, 374 
125, 619 
115, 516 
129, 615 
164, 454 
173, 493 
181,816 
188, 947 
199, 245 
253, 984 
313, 280 
315, 576 
184, 198 
219, 851 
221, 156 


4,950 
21, 127 
17, 586 
16, 576 
18, 552 
19, 412 
25, 474 
31, 199 
29, 344 
30, 824 
31.049 
32, 970 
31,446 
36, 719 
35, 586 
32, 786 
33, 721 
35, 780 


6,730 
82, 032 
103, 745 
106,799 
107, 067 
96, 103 
104, 141 
133, 255 
144, 149 
150, 992 
153, 102 
155, 045 
181,911 
189, 550 
184, 834 
139, 446 
171, 877 
169, 382 










1921 






1922 






1923 






1924 






1925 






1926 






1927 






1928 






1929 


4,796 
11,229 
10, 938 
11, 553 
9,969 
2,181 
2,709 
3,283 




1930 




1931 


29, 690 
75. 458 
85, 187 
9,785 
11, 543 
12, 711 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1936 


Grand total. . 


21, 236, 117 


12, 487, 144 


1,053,771 


7, 887, 575 


3, 146, 294 


485, 101 


2, 380, 161 


56, 659 


224, 373 


Year 


Pensions and 
compensation 
Continued 


Military 
and na- 
val in- 
surance 


United 
States 
Govern- 
ment 
life 
insur- 
ance 


Ad- 
justed- 
service 
certifi- 
cates 4 


Ad- 
justed 
service 
and de- 
pend- 
ent pay 


Hospital 
and dom- 
iciliary 
facili- 
ties and 
services, 
construc- 
tion 


Admin- 
istra- 
tion 


Allot- 
ments 
and al- 
low- 
ances 


All 
other 


Other 
wars 3 


Peace 
time 


To June 30, 1919. 
1920 


202, 170 
2,444 
2,483 
2,592 
2,643 
2,513 
2,475 
2,342 
2,593 
,510 
,931 
,956 
,885 
,906 
5,005 
3,918 
4,036 
3,905 


50,242 
3,604 
3,456 
3,401 
3,533 
3,321 
3,350 
3,656 
3,818 
4,096 
4,503 
4,697 
5,270 
5,967 
6,400 
7,833 
9,238 
9,711 


44, 639 
85, 926 
94,904 
102, 989 
99, 418 
101, 240 
104, 136 
136, .975 
120,964 
120, 771 
121, 349 
122, 769 
117, 924 
123, 741 
123, 039 
103, 268 
100, 355 
94,025 










338, 438 
23, 852 
64, 656 
86, 466 
97,009 
84, 382 
88, 924 
83, OC 
77, 498 
78, 02C 
80,524 
86, 593 
96. 12C 
104, 36C 
90.81S 
66, 484 
77, 807 
83, 181 


501, 123 
53, 568 
23, 774 
4,982 
1274 
13 
1C 

7 21 

T m 

161 

T$> 

2 

I 
{ 

8 

3 

n 
n 


34,272 
35, 167 
99, 122 
166, 300 
149, 529 
106, 966 
60,501 
25, 819 
2, 228 
238 
60 
45 
82 
218 
603 
136 
331 
2,159 


48 
2,057 
6,085 
6,700 
7,482 
8,962 
9,882 
11, 864 
17,664 
22, 302 
24, 677 
25, 952 
28,737 
28,062 
26, 073 
27,172 
28,296 








1921 








1922 






917 
2,644 
9,215 
3,895 
4,511 
4,599 
5,222 
4,044 
8,241 
9,040 
12, 876 
13.517 
8 3, 171 
82,903 
8 2, 938 


1923 






1924 






1925 


4,607 
15,355 
14,408 
17,098 
19, 745 
20, 131 
19, 392 
23, 216 
24, 621 
23, 413 
25,562 
3,228,422 


3,038 
5,626 
9,960 
10, 153 
6,453 
3,130 
2,463 
2,480 
2,252 
1,895 
1,361 
1,090 


1926 


1927 


1928 


1929 


1930 


1931 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1936 . 


Grand total- 


263, 307 


136, 094 


1, 918, 433 


282, 016 


3,435,970 


49, 903 


8 87, 733 


1, 708, 19C 


582, 944 


683, 784 



i Includes for 1932 to 1936 disbursements to participants in yellow fever experiments: 1932, $24,000; 1933 
$26,000; 1934, $18,000; 1935, $18,000; 1936, $17,000; total to June 30, 1936, $103,000. 

Includes pension payments to a small number of veterans and dependents of veterans. 

a Includes the following, with total expenditures to June 30, 1936, in parenthesis: War of the Revolution 
($70,000,000); War of 1812 ($46,215,000); Indian Wars ($69,622,000); War with Mexico ($60,957,000); un- 
classified ($16,513,000). 

4 The figure for 1936 represents total payments to veterans and beneficiaries on adjusted service cer- 
tificates including loans of $1,441,587,000 made in this and prior fiscal years; it does not include $235,214,000 
interest forgiven under the provisions of the Adjusted Compensation Payment Act, 1936. 

* Includes salaries and expenses, printing and binding, all other administrative expenses, medical and 
hospital services, and State and territorial homes, including expenditures under these items by the former 
Bureau of Pensions and Bureau of National Homes. 

Includes $644,909,000 expenditures for vocational rehabilitation and $35,078,000 for Marine and seamen's 
insurance. Rehabilitation activities of the bureau ceased with the close of the fiscal year 1928. 

i Credit. 8 includes disbursements from funds allotted under the National Recovery Act of 1933. 

Source: Veterans' Adminstration. 



VETERANS' ADMINISTRATION 



149 



No. 152. PENSIONS, COMPENSATION, DISABILITY ALLOWANCE, AND 
EMERGENCY OFFICERS' RETIREMENT PAY: NUMBER OF LIVING VETERANS 
AND DECEASED VETERANS WHOSE DEPENDENTS WERE RECEIVING THESE 
BENEFITS ON ROLLS AS OF JUNE 30 AND DISBURSEMENTS FOR BENEFITS, 
1866 TO 1936 



June 30 or year 
ended 
June 30 


Number on rolls 


Dis- 
burse- 
ments 
(thous. 
of dol- 
lars) 


June 30 or year 
ended 
June 30 


Number on rolls 


Dis- 
burse- 
ments 
(thous. 
of dol- 
lars) 


Total 


Living 


De- 
ceased 


Total 


Living 


De- 
ceased 


1866 


126,722 
198,686 
234, 821 
250,802 
345,125 
537,944 
966,012 
969,544 
970, 524 
970, 678 
976, 014 
993, 714 
991, 519 
993,529 
997, 735 
999,446 
996,545 
994,762 
998,441 
985, 971 
967, 371 
951, 687 
946,194 
921,083 
892.098 


55, 652 
87, 521 
122, 989 
145, 410 
247, 146 
415, 654 
759, 706 
754,382 
751, 456 
748, 514 
747, 492 
758, 511 
754,104 
752, 510 
748, 649 
739, 443 
729,356 
720, 921 
717, 761 
701, 483 
680,479 
658,581 
633, 035 
602, 622 
570. 456 


71, 070 
111, 165 
111,832 
105, 392 
97, 979 
122,290 
206,306 
215, 162 
219,068 
222,164 
228,522 
235,203 
237,415 
241,019 
249, 086 
260,003 
267, 189 
273,841 
280,680 
2S4, 4.SS 
286,892 
293, 106 
313, 159 
318, 461 
321. 642 


15,450 
29,351 
29,270 
56,689 
65, 172 
106,094 
156,907 
139, 987 
139, 812 
138,221 
139, 950 
144, 652 
138, 355 
138, 462 
138, 531 
137, 504 
137, 760 
141, 094 
141, 143 
139, 000 
138,155 
153,093 
161, 974 
159, 974 
157. 325 


1912 


860,294 
820,200 
785, 239 
748, 147 
709, 572 
673, 111 
649,497 
673, 832 
769, 543 
768,572 
772, 379 
778, 180 
762,547 
790, 139 
807,088 
816,380 
834, 364 
831,964 
840,833 
1, 079, 987 
1, 278, 046 
1, 270, 667 
838,855 
838,937 
852.032 


538,362 
503,633 
470, 623 
437, 723 
403, 372 
370, 147 
341,632 
338,216 
419, 627 
422, 691 
430,942 
436,776 
427,153 
456,530 
472,623 
489,805 
516,566 
525,961 
542,610 
790, 782 
994,351 
997, 918 
1581,225 
585,955 
600.562 


321, 932 
316, 567 
314, 616 
310, 424 
306,200 
302,964 
307, 865 
335,616 
349,916 
345,881 
341,437 
341,404 
335, 394 
333,609 
334, 465 
326, 575 
317, 798 
306, 003 
298,223 
289,205 
283,695 
272,749 
257,630 
252,982 
251. 470 


152,986 
174, 172 
172, 418 
165, 518 
159, 155 
160, 895 
180,177 
233,461 
316,418 
380, 026 
377, 158 
388,607 
345,490 
346, 748 
372,281 
403,630 
410, 765 
418, 821 
418, 433 
488,389 
545,777 
550,559 
321, 377 
374,407 
398. 992 


1870 


1913 


1875 


1914 


1880 


1915 


1885 


1916 


1890 


1917 


1893 


1918 


1894 


1919 


1895 


1920 


1896 _.. 


1921 


1897 


1922 


1898 


1923 


1899 


1924 


1900 


1925 


1901 


1926 


1902 . 


1927 


1903 


1928 


1904 - 


1929 


1905 


1930 


1906 


1931 


1907 


1932 


1908 


1933 


1909 


1934 


1910 


1935 


1911... 


1936.... 



NUMBER ON ROLLS BY WARS > 


June 30 


Total veterans, all wars and 
peacetime 


War with 
Mexico 


Indian wars 


Civil War 


Spanish-Ameri- 
can War 


Total' 


Living 


De- 
ceased 3 


Liv- 
ing 


De- 
ceased 


Liv- 
ing 


De- 

jeased 


Living 


De- 
ceased 


Living 


De- 
ceased 


1920 


769, 543 
790, 139 
840,833 
1, 079, 987 
1, 278, 046 
1, 270, 667 
838, 855 
838,937 
852, 032 


419, 627 
456,530 
542, 610 
790, 782 
994,351 
997, 918 
1581,225 
585, 955 
600,562 


349, 916 
333,609 
298,223 
2*9. 2i -'5 
283,695 
272, 749 
257,630 
252, 982 
251, 470 


148 
17 


2,423 
1,257 
630 
547 
478 
415 
351 
294 
247 


3,745 
3,924 
5,454 
5,360 
5,102 
4,774 
4,370 
3,899 
3,513 


2,483 
3,034 
4,191 
4,302 
4,453 
4,446 
4,606 
4,745 
4,648 


243,629 
126, 626 
49, 018 
39,449 
31,090 
23,877 
18, 455 
13,273 
9,664 


290,100 
241, 193 
167, 674 
153, 437 
139, 924 
125,638 
112,577 
100,290 
87,543 


23,144 
101, 871 
186, 811 
193, 792 
197, 073 
194,473 
165,231 
164,502 
179, 169 


7,288 
18,363 
30,919 
33, 437 
36,802 
38,797 
35,022 
39,045 
48, 872 


1925 


1930 


1931 


1932 


1933 
1934 


1935 


1936 




June 30 


Peace time 


World War 


Living 


De- 
ceased 


Living 


Deceased 


Total 


Pen- 
sions 4 


Com- 
pensa- 
tion 
(service- 
con- 
nected) 


Emer- 
gency 
officers 
retire- 
ment 
pay 


Dis- 
ability 
allow- 
ance 
(non- 
service) 


Total 


Pen- 
sions 4 


Compensation 


Service- 
con- 
nected 


Non- 
service- 
con- 
nected 


1920... 


14,477 
12,399 
15,661 
16, 920 
18, 391 
19,559 
29,484 
32, 124 
31, 192 


4,554 
3,762 
3,830 
4,128 
4,571 
4,807 
5,838 
7,240 
7,505 


134,484 
211,693 
285,666 
535,261 
742, 695 
755, 235 
363,685 
372, 157 
377,024 


76 
49 
44 
41 
38 
36 


134,408 
211, 644 
279,539 
299,288 
328,658 
336, 710 
332, 216 
336, 876 
337, 767 






42,997 
65, 979 
90,969 
93,346 
97,460 
98,639 
99,229 
101, 364 
102,653 


52 
21 
15 
12 
12 
11 


42,945 

65,958 
90,954 
93,334 
97,448 
98,628 
99,229 
99, 394 
99,659 




1925.. 








1930 


6,083 
6,364 
6,415 
6,007 
1,566 
1,677 
1,811 







1931... 


229,568 
407,584 
412, 482 
29,903 
33,604 
37,446 


1932 




1933 




1934... 


1935... 






1,970 
2,994 


1936.. 












1 The reduction in this item from the prior fiscal year was due essentially to discontinuance of disability 
allowance (nonservice) except for veterans permanently and totally disabled. 
1 For disbursements by wars see table 151. 

3 Includes veterans of the War of 1812 whose dependents were receiving pensions (2 for 1936) not shown 
separately. 

4 The small number of cases receiving pensions is included with "Compensation" for 1934 and later years. 

Source: Veterans' Administration. 



150 



VETERANS' ADMINISTRATION 



No. 153. PENSIONS, COMPENSATION, DISABILITY ALLOWANCE, AND 
EMERGENCY OFFICERS' RETIREMENT PAY: ANNUAL AVERAGE VALUE OP 
PAYMENTS TO VETERANS AND DEPENDENTS OF DECEASED VETERANS AT THE 
END OF THE YEAR FOR EACH WAR 



June 
30 



Average for veterans 
of all wars and 
peace time 



War 
of 

1812 



War with Mexico 



Indian wars 



Civil War 



Total 



1910 

1915. __. 

1920 

1925 

1930 
1931.... 

1932 

1933. 

1934 

1935 

1936 



$172 
215 
358 
408 
475 
441 
408 
400 
432 
428 
457 



Liv- De- 
ing ceased 



De- 



$184 
263 
422 
454 
514 
451 
409 
400 
452 
448 
484 



Total 



$149 
148 
280 
344 
404 
411 
404 
402 
385 
383 



$151 
149 



540 
525 
514 
514 
514 
510 
420 



$167 
175 
240 
363 
586 
581 
584 
582 
581 
579 
576 



Liv- 
ing 



$238 



414 
709 



De- 
ceased 



Total 



$144 
146 
230 
359 
586 
581 
584 
582 
581 
579 
576 



$132 
168 
203 
202 
446 
448 
450 
449 
443 
435 
431 



Liv- 
ing 



$110 
230 
240 
243 
513 
519 
530 
533 
534 
529 
527 



De- 



Total 



$144 
145 
149 
149 
359 

'359 
359 
358 
357 
358 
358 



$174 
220 
359 
477 
542 
594 
581 
567 
551 
533 
520 



Liv- 
ing 



$187 

275 

452 

699 

852 

1,076 

1,087 

1,087 

1,078 

1,060 

1,047 



De- 



$148 
147 
281 
360 
452 
470 



465 
463 
462 



Spanish-American 
War 



Peace time 



World War 



June 
30- 



Total 



Liv- 
ing 



De- 



Total 



Liv- 
ing 



De- 



Total i 



Living 



Total i 



Com- 
pen- 
sa- 
tion 
(Serv- 
ice 
con- 
nect- 
ed) 



Dis- 
ability 
allow- 
ance or 
non- 
serv- 
ice 



Emer- 
gency 
offi- 
cers' 
retire- 
ment 
pay 



Deceased 



Totali 



Serv- 
ice 
con- 
nect- 
ed 



Non- 
serv- 
ice 
con- 
nect- 



1910 

1915 

1920 

1925 



1934 

1935 
1936... 



$128 
134 
142 
206 
389 
460 
492 
499 
371 
368 
491 



$121 
129 
132 



473 
516 
523 
390 
388 
523 



160 
175 
278 
389 
386 
363 
381 
285 
286 
371 



$173 
176 
181 
198 
232 
234 
236 
230 
226 
234 
241 



$166 
169 
173 
192 
235 
237 
241 
236 
220 
224 
228 



$197 
200 
204 
219 
219 
221 
216 
206 
260 
280 
296 



$417 
421 
499 

2393 

2353 
349 

2 439 
445 
446 



$449 
453 
553 

2403 

2355 
350 

2 467 
472 
471 



$449 
453 
529 
533 
529 
524 
476 
481 
482 



$199 
193 
189 
307 
315 
319 



$1, 682 



,654 
,617 
,628 
,638 



$316 
317 
331 
335 
336 
336 
337 
348 
352 



$316 
317 
331 
335 
336 
336 
337 
348 
352 



$359 
357 



1 In computing these averages, pensions paid to a small number of veterans (see table 152) were included. 

3 The decrease in the averages for 1931 and 1932 was due to the addition to the roll of a large number of 
veterans receiving disability allowance for nonservice-connected disabilities at a lower annual average 
value, and the increase in 1934 to the discontinuance of the disability allowance to approximately 400,000 
veterans. 



No. 154. TERM AND CONVERTED INSURANCE AWARDS 





Total to 
June 30, 
1936 


Year ended June 30 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


193G 


Number of awards made during period or year: 
Term and automatic insurance- 
Total original awards 


194, 098 
155, 010 
39,088 
21, 735 

41,516 
26, 653 
14,863 
4,206 


2,251 
204 
2,047 
1,050 

3,825 
2,285 
1,540 
370 

153, 268 
139, 265 
14,003 
9,443 
2,251 
7,192 


1,481 
130 
1,351 
948 

3,721 
2,356 
1,365 
435 

151, 464 
137, 027 
14, 437 
10, 773 
2,722 
8,051 


365 
25 
340 
451 

3,702 
2,231 
1,471 
457 

148, 267 
134,277 
13,990 
12, 076 
3,222 
8,854 


606 

128 
478 
437 

3,572 
2,427 
1,145 
451 

145, 126 
131, 442 
13,684 
13, 199 
3,754 
9,445 


513 
93 
420 
380 

3,486 
2,523 
963 
538 

142,216 
128, 721 
13, 495 
14, 168 
4,318 
9,850 


Original death 


Original disability. __ 


Disability changed to death 


Converted insurance- 
Total original awards 


Original death 


Original disability 


Disability changed to death 


Number of awards active at end of year: 
Term and automatic insurance 


Death 




Disability 




Converted insurance 




Death 




Disability 









Source of tables 153 and 154: Veterans' Administration. 



VETERANS' ADMINISTRATION 



151 



No. 155. GOVERNMENT LIFE INSURANCE IN FORCE AND PREMIUMS PAID 
[Amounts in thousands of dollars] 



June 30 or year 
ended June 30 


Insurance policies in force June 30 


Premiums paid 
during year 


Total 


Yearly renewable 
term insurance 


U. S. Government 
life insurance 


Term 
insur- 
ance ! 


U.S. 
Govern- 
ment 
life 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


1921 


651,054 
581, 778 
560,065 
562,600 
552, 340 
553, 660 
587, 980 
660,374 
650,066 
648, 248 
646,055 
641, 247 
616, 069 
598,226 
590,865 
593, 213 


3, 849, 376 
3, 348, 400 
3, 070, 210 
2, 984, 573 
2, 865, 029 
2,781,587 
2, 893, 045 
3, 113, 649 
3, 059, 919 
3, 042, 743 
3, 024, 445 
2, 977, 330 
2, 782, 709 
2, 666, 733 
2,605,400 
2, 590, 922 


397, 890 
300,926 
240,291 
209,385 
177, 328 
130, 103 
87,100 
266 
229 
204 
91 
29 


2, 980, 660 
2, 314, 664 
1,854,146 
1, 609, 031 
1, 372, 091 
1,008,511 
672, 075 
1,654 
1,342 
1,142 
506 
246 


253,164 
280, 852 
319, 774 
353, 215 
375, 012 
423,557 
500,880 
660,108 
649, 837 
648,044 
645, 964 
641, 218 
616, 069 
598, 226 
590,744 
593,064 


868, 716 
1, 033, 737 
1, 216, 064 
1, 375, 543 
1, 492, 937 
1, 773, 076 
2, 220, 970 
3,111,995 
3, 058, 577 
3, 041, 601 
3,023,938 
2,977,083 
2, 782, 709 
2, 666, 733 
.2,605,011 
2, 590, 482 


68,783 
21,200 
16, 141 
14,604 
13,469 
10,458 
6,764 
1,374 
552 
1,032 
208 
258 
245 
104 
176 
79 


22,272 
26,864 
30,919 
35,345 
39,388 
44,417 
54,048 
71, 113 
69,263 
67,168 
69,201 
67,663 
67,962 
68,241 
64,950 
63,047 


1922 


1923 


1924 


1925 


1926 


1927 


1928 


1929 


1930 


1931 


1932 


1933 


1934 






1935 . 


121 
149 


389 
439 


1936 





1 Net premiums. 

No. 156. GOVERNMENT LIFE INSURANCE: CONVERTED INSURANCE ISSUED 

AND IN FORCE, BY PLAN 



Plan 


Issued to June 30, 1936 


In force June 30,1936 


Number 


Amount 
(1.000 
dollars) 


Average 
policy 


Percent of total 


Number 


Amount 
(1,000 
dollars) 


Number 


Amount 


TotaL 


953, 688 


4, 157, 448 


$4, 359 


100.00 


100.00 


593,064 


2,590,482 


Ordinarylife. 


198, 981 
234, 791 
35, 862 
231,619 
44,718 
43, 972 
145, 182 


988,384 
957, 254 
178, 107 
603,389 
186, 485 
207,165 
960,350 


4,967 
4,077 
4,966 
2,605 
4,170 
4,711 
6,615 


20.86 
24.62 
3.76 
24.29 
4.69 
4.61 
15.22 


23.77 
23.03 
4.28 
14.51 
4.49 
4.98 
23.10 


133, 646 
163, 748 
27,764 
102, 297 
30,097 
31, 457 
55,681 
8,786 
23,468 
23,427 
16,348 
28,660 
2,103 
1,263 


692, 375 
680,593 
141, 124 
292,984 
128,594 
150, 351 
351,544 
57, 874 
137, 891 
155, 779 
64,531 
84,427 
2,825 
1,134 


20-payment life 


Sft-pnympnt lifft 


20-year endowment .. 


30-year endowment 


Endowment at age 62 


5-vear convertible term 


Duration less than 5 years 


Duration more than 5 years 












Renewed, second period 












5-year level premium term 
Extended insurance. _ . 


18,561 


76, 314 


4,111 


1.95 


1.84 


Paid-up life 












Paid-up endowment 

























No. 157. GOVERNMENT LIFE INSURANCE FUND: FINANCIAL STATEMENT OF 
FUNDS FROM ORIGIN, MAY 31, 1919, TO DECEMBER 31, 1935 

[All figures in thousands of dollars] 





Total to 
Dec. 31, 
1935 


Year 
ended 
Dec. 31, 
1935 




Total to 
Dec. 31, 
1935 


Year 
ended 
Dec. 
31, 1935 


Income, total 


1, 274, 294 


115 807 


Disbursements Continued 






Premiums 


841 900 


63 767 


Dividends paid policyholders 


66 522 


6 237 


Interest 


234,980 


34, 419 


Paid on supplementary in- 






Received from TJ. S. on account 
of extra hazards of military 






stallment contracts under 
claims 


57 898 


9 942 


and naval service - - 


77, 516 


4,814 


Other disbursements 


14,497 


1 348 


Consideration for supplemen- 
tary installment contracts 
under claims _. -.. ... 


108,488 


12, 516 


Ledger assets Dec. 81, 1935, as 
per "balance" under income 






Other incfvmfi 


11, 410 


291 


and disbursements, total 


787, 219 




Disbursements, total 


437, 075 


52,860 


Book value of bonds, amor- 
tized- . 


178 451 




Claims (death and total per- 






Policy loans 


127,580 




manent disability) 


227,114 


21,903 


Adjusted-service certificate 






Surrender values 


118,764 


12,809 


loans 


473 000 




Matured endowments 


2,279 


621 


Cash on hand. . . 


8.189 





Source of tables 155, 156, and 157: Veterans' Administration. 



152 



VETERANS' ADMINISTRATION 



No. 158. ADJUSTED COMPENSATION AWARDS: STATUS AS OF FEB. 28, 1937 

NOTE. Amounts in thousands of dollars. The Adjusted Compensation Payment Act, 1936, provided for 
payment of adjusted service certificates on or after June 15, 1936 





Number 


Amount 




Number 


Amount 


Total awards 


4, 100. 293 
141, 638 
11,211 
130, 427 


3, 759, 626 
48, 423 
305 
44, 599 
3,519 
3, 721. 203 
5.756 
3, 705, 447 


Payments on certificates ma- 
tured by death 


236, 534 
3, 448, 575 


234, 149 
1, 883, 619 
3, 387, 415 


Dependents 


Less than $50 (cash) 


Applications certified for pay- 
ment 


$50 or over 


$60 lump-sum payments 


Maturity value of certificates 
certified for payment 


Veterans - 


3, 958, 655 
174, 515 
3, 784, 140 


$50 or less (cash) 






Certificates 



No. 159. UNITED STATES VETERANS RECEIVING HOSPITAL OR DOMICILIARY 
CARE AUTHORIZED BY THE VETERANS' ADMINISTRATION 

NOTE. During the fiscal year 1936, a total of 1,166,095 out-patient treatments and 1,094,109 out-patient 
examinations were made. On June 30, 1936, there were 3,684 veterans domiciled in State and territorial 
homes who were eligible for care in facilities controlled by the Veterans' Administration and for whose 
care the Federal Government reimburses these homes at the rate of $120 per year for each person 



Year 
ended 
June 
30 


Total 
receiv- 
ing 
hospi- 
tal or 
domi- 
ciliary 
care at 
end of 
year 1 


Veterans receiving hospital treatment, 
all facilities and hospitals 8 


Veter- 
ans 
receiv- 
ing 
domi- 
ciliary 
care at 
end of 
year 1 


Veterans' Administration facilities 


Hospital 3 


Domiciliary 


Aver- 
age 
daily 
pa- 
tients 


Patients remaining at end of 
year 


Aver- 
age 
daily 
pa- 
tients 


Oper- 
ating 
ex- 
penses 

( ff 

lars) 


Per 

diem 
cost 
(dol- 
lars) 4 


Aver- 
age 
daily 
domi- 
cili- 
ary 
care 


Op- 
crat- 
ing 
ex- 
penses 
(1,000 
dolls.) 


Total 


Tu- 
bercu- 
losis 


Neuro- 
psychi- 
atric 


Gen- 
eral 


1919 






3,279 
17, 471 
26, 237 
26, 869 
23,611 
21, 730 
26, 610 
24, 915 
25, 310 
25, 899 
27, 487 
30, 311 
34, 948 
43, 567 
33, 457 
39,445 
42, 599 
41,542 


1,362 
6,018 
10, 337 
10, 849 
9,577 
8,082 
9,314 
7,308 
6,658 
6,045 
6,121 
6,274 
6,193 
6,499 
5,425 
5,032 
5,134 
4,539 


1,053 
5,042 
7,499 
9,231 
9,194 
9,461 
11,905 
12, 220 
12,538 
12, 839 
13, 461 
14, 941 
17, 001 
20, 160 
20, 109 
22, 226 
23, 358 
24,447 


864 
6,411 
8,401 
6,789 
4,840 
4,187 
5,391 
5,387 
6,114 
7,015 
7,905 
9,096 
11, 754 
16,908 
7,923 
12, 187 
14, 107 
12, 556 














1920 


















1921 


















1922 




27, 840 
24, 526 
22, 098 
27, 447 
27,012 
26, 386 
26, 300 
27, 642 
29,513 
32, 713 
42, 448 
42, 526 
36, 192 
41, 172 
43, 516 




13, 607 
11,882 
11,530 
15, 855 
16,567 
17, 305 
17, 801 
19, 245 
20, 233 
22, 297 
25, 046 
32, 666 
35, 220 
39, 030 
40, 972 


23, 531 
21, 658 
19, 188 
23, 354 
25, 322 
25, 282 
26, 091 
28, 178 
28, 520 
30, 414 
31,996 
33, 391 
32, 620 
39, 856 
42, 386 


4.74 
4.99 
4.55 
4.04 
4.19 
4.00 
4.00 
4.01 
3.84 
3.72 
3.44 
2.74 
2.51 
2.78 
2.82 






1923 










1924 










1925 










1926 . 










1927 










1928 










1929 










1930 










1931... 
1932 
1933 
1934... 
1935 
1936 


51, 980 
62, 255 
44, 644 
48, 849 
51, 922 
1, 128 


517,032 
18,688 
11, 187 
9,404 
9,323 
9,586 














10, 190 
10, 406 
12,008 


3,649 
4,024 
4,474 



VETERANS UNDER HOSPITAL OR DOMICILIARY CARE, BY CLASS OF BENEFICIARY 



Type of care and 
year (June 30) 


All wars and peace time 


World War 


Span- 
ish- 
Ameri- 
can 


Civil 
War 


All 
other 
wars 


Peace- 
time 
service 


Total 


Serv- 
ice con- 
nected 


Non- 
service 


Total 


Serv- 
con- 
nected 


Non- 
service 


Hospital treatment: 
1925 


26, 610 
30,311 
43, 567 
39, 445 
42, 599 
41,542 

18, 688 
9,404 
9,323 
9,586 


22, 771 
16, 219 
15, 460 
12, 390 
12,046 
11,668 

( 7 ) 
( 7 ) 
919 
892 


3,839 
14, 092 
28, 107 
27, 055 
30, 553 
29, 874 

( 7 ) 

(0 

8,404 
8,694 


26, 029 
28, 850 
40, 174 
35, 754 
38, 033 
36, 824 

13,005 
7,214 
7,466 
8,072 


22, 771 
15, 297 
15, 460 
11,799 
10, 746 
10, 274 

( 7 ) 
752 
727 
666 


3,258 
13, 553 
24, 714 
23, 955 
27, 287 
26, 550 

( 7 ) 
6,462 
6,739 
7,406 


564 
1,313 
2,187 
2,229 
2,369 
2,356 

3,210 
1,465 
1,286 
957 




17 
69 
137 
97 
70 
81 




1930 


79 
366 
194 
117 
103 

281 
53 
36 

19 




1932 . 


703 
1,171 
2,010 
2,178 

2,192 
630 
494 
501 


1934 


1935. .. 


1936 


Domiciliary care: 1 
1932 


1934... 


42 
41 
37 


1935 . 


1936 





1 Veterans' homes were not under the jurisdiction of the Veterans' Administration prior to July 1930. 

* Includes Veterans' Admin, beneficiaries cared for in Army, Navy, Marine, and State and civil (con- 
tracts) hospitals, St. Elizabeths, and hospitals operated in connection with National Veterans' homes. 

3 Beginning 1933, figures include hospitals operated in connection with Veterans' Admin, homes. 

4 Excludes hospitals which operated for only part of the year under unnatural conditions. 
8 Includes domiciliary members receiving hospital treatment. 

Includes emergency, observation, and unclassified cases. 7 Not available. 

Source of tables 158 and 159: Veterans' Administration. 



FEDERAL EMPLOYEES 



153 



No. 160. RETIREMENT OF FEDERAL MILITARY PERSONNEL AND OTHER 
SPECIAL CLASSES OF FEDERAL EMPLOYEES 

NOTE. Retired pay in thousands of dollars. With the exception of foreign service officers, who contribute 
5 percent of their pay to the foreign service retirement fund, the personnel covered in this table make no 
direct contribution to their retirement pay. For data relating to Federal civil employees retired under 
the civil service and Canal Zone retirement acts, see table 165 



Year 
ended 
June 30 


Army 


Navy 


Marine Corps 


Coast Guard 1 


Other 


Number 
on roll 3 


Retired 
pay 


Number 
on roll * 


Retired 
pay 


Number 
on roll 3 


Retired 
pay 


Number 
on roll * 


Retired 
pay 


Number 
on roll 3 


Retired 
pay 


1929... 


11, 469 
11,880 
12, 152 
12, 532 
12,811 
13,332 
14, 161 
14, 530 


18,664 
19, 657 
20,303 
21,004 
20,218 
19,344 
23,444 
24,708 


3,138 
3,515 
4,112 
4,611 
5.176 
5,945 
6,869 
7,675 


6,693 
7,295 
8,251 
9,027 
9,151 
10, 059 
11,937 
13, 572 


571 
624 
718 
756 
797 
825 
894 
1,029 


,004 
,079 
,205 
,316 
,276 
,251 
,480 
1,747 


781 

1,021 
1,021 
1,072 
1,138 
1,207 
1,255 
1,330 


1,071 
1,152 
1,255 
1,289 
1,260 
1,253 
1,465 
1,618 


397 
425 
467 
505 
558 
636 
671 
712 


597 
661 
727 
840 
866 
985 
1,121 
1,249 


1930 


1931 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1936 





1 Includes commissioned officers, enlisted men, and certain members of the former Life Saving Service. 

2 Includes retired personnel for following groups of employees: Officers and employees engaged in field 
service or on vessels of the Lighthouse Service, except persons continuously employed in district offices 
and shops, and four executive positions of the Lighthouse Service; commissioned officers of the Coast and 
Geodetic Survey and Public Health Service; Foreign Service officers (State Dept.); and retired judges. 

3 Number on roll June 30. 4 Average number on roll. 

No. 161. FEDERAL SERVICE: SUMMARY OF EMPLOYMENT AND PAY ROLLS 

[Pay roll in thousands of dollars] 



Year and 
quarter 


Total 


Executive service 


Military service i 


Judicial service 


Legislative 
service 


Em- 
ployees 2 


Pay roll 


Em- 
ployees 2 


Pay roll 


Em- 
ployees J 


Pay 

roll 


Em- 
ployees 2 


Pay 

roll 


Em- 
ployees 2 


Pay 
roll 


1934 


932, 787 
1, 016, 912 

1, 126, 698 
1, 097, 916 
1, 120, 082 
1, 139, 938 
1, 148, 855 


1, 361, 258 
1, 618, 227 

1, 826, 120 
443, 327 
452, 262 
457, 834 
472, 696 


669,900 
742, 701 

820, 898 
800,708 
815, 901 
831, 741 
835, 241 


1, 112, 328 
1, 345, 541 

1, 531, 105 
371, 038 
379, 987 
383,183 
396, 898 


256, 346 
267, 431 

298,734 
290,353 
297, 242 
301, 060 
306,281 


231,093 
253,078 

274,640 
67,284 
67,255 
69,520 
70,581 


1,824 
1,843 

1,917 
1,887 
1,933 
1,868 
1,981 


5,317 
5,702 

5,946 
1,468 
1,473 
1,490 
1,514 


4,719 
4,938 

5,149 
4,967 
5,007 
5,270 
5,352 


12, 521 
13,906 

14,429 
3,538 
3,547 
3,641 
3,703 


1935 


1936 


Jan.-Mar. . 
Apr.-June.. 
July-Sept.. 
Oct.-Dec 



i These figures include in addition to officers and enlisted men in the Army, Navy, and Marine Corps, 
nurses in active service, midshipmen at the United States Naval Academy, and the Coast Guard. 
Annual and quarterly figures represent an average of figures as of the end of each month. 

No. 162. EMPLOYEES IN THE FEDERAL EXECUTIVE CIVIL SERVICE 

NOTE. This statement does not include the legislative, judicial, or military branches of the Federal Gov- 
ernment or employees of the District of Columbia. It includes employees in both classified positions 
(subject to competitive examination under civil service law) and unclassified positions (exempted from 
competitive examination by law and executive order) . The approximate number of classified positions 
are shown separately in table 164 



June 30 


Total 
number l 


June 30 


Total 

number 1 


Date 


Total 
number 


In Dist. 
of Col. 


Outside 
Dist. of 
Col. 


Per- 
manent 


Tem- 
porary 


1816. . 
1821 
1831 
1841 
1851 
1861 
1871 
1881 
1891 
1901 
1911 


6,327 
8,211 
19, 800 
23,700 
33, 300 
49, 200 
53, 900 
107, 000 
166,000 
256,000 
370, 000 
461, 993 
438, 057 


1918 
1920 
1921 
1922 
1923 
1924 


2 917,760 
3691,116 
34562,252 
527,517 
515,772 
* 521,641 
* 532,798 
* 528, 542 
* 527,228 
540,867 
4 559,579 
* 580, 494 
* 588,206 


1932 June 3,0.. . 
1933 June 30.... 
1934 June 30.... 
1935 June 30 
Dec. 31____ 
Male.... 
Female.. 
1936 June 30- - 
Dec. 31 
Male.... 
Female- 


* 583,196 
* 572,091 
673,095 
719, 440 
815, 789 
657, 885 
157, 904 
824, 259 
831, 095 
668,577 
162, 518 


68,793 
65, 437 
89, 132 
103, 453 
111,692 
68,034 
43, 658 
117, 103 
115,964 
69, 551 
46, 413 


514, 403 
506, 654 
583, 963 
615, 987 
704, 097 
589, 851 
114, 246 
707, 156 
715, 131 
599, 026 
116, 105 


543, 517 
531, 564 
581,384 
610, 141 
710, 944 


39, 679 
40, 527 
91, 711 
109,299 
104,845 


1925 
1926 
1927 
1928 
1929 






712, 049 
726, 170 


112,210 
104, 925 






1915-.- 
1916 


1930 
1931 






i Approximate prior to 1921. s As of Nov. 11. 3 As of July 31. 
* Revised. Beginning with 1921, figures exclude clerks at third-class post offices and postal contractors 
numbering from 32,000 to 35,000, included in figures for prior years; figures for 1933 exclude 9,223 employees 



of certain new agencies which did not report to the Civil Service Commission until a later date. 

Sources: Table 160, War and Navy Departments, Coast Guard, Department of Justice, and the several 
offices named in footnote 2; table 161, Department of Labor; table 162, Civil Service Commission. 



154 



CIVIL SERVICE 



No. 163. EMPIOYEES IN THE FEDERAL EXECUTIVE CIVIL SERVICE: BY 
DEPARTMENTS OR OFFICES AS OP DEC. 31 

NOTE. See headnote table 162. The various establishments may show marked changes in the number 
of employees on account of consolidations, transfers of bureaus, and changes in their functions 



Department or office 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1936 


InD. C., 
1936 


Outside 
D. C., 
1936 


Total... 


568, 345 


i 607, 936 


685, 495 


815,789 


881,095 


115,964 


715,131 


Department of State 


4,686 


4 291 


4 460 


4 553 


4,579 


873 


3 706 


Treasury Department 2 _ _ 


52, 043 


3 44, 435 


52, 902 


54, 433 


56, 343 


18, 613 


37, 730 


War Department 2 . _ 


53, 343 


4 69, 383 


62, 638 


54, 897 


65, 725 


3,879 


61, 846 


Department of Justice * 


8 987 


6 784 


6 748 


7 412 


7 713 


2 304 


5 409 


Post Office Department 5 . . 


273, 583 


270,000 


262, 024 


261, 402 


271, 453 


4,164 


267, 289 


Navy Department 2 


46 936 


49 195 


55 865 


65 327 


71 527 


11, 036 


60 491 


Department of the Interior 2 . . 


6 17, 552 


25,254 


31, 125 


30, 303 


31, 967 


9,412 


22, 555 


Department of Agriculture 2 


26 371 


33 088 


33 282 


47 175 


45 593 


6,967 


38 626 


Department of Commerce 2 _. . 


17, 816 


18, 718 


17, 697 


15, 646 


14, 649 


4,527 


10, 122 


Department of Labor 2 


5 494 


4,713 


?8 146 


5 066 


5,190 


1,220 


3,970 


Agricultural Adjustment Admn 




(i) 


6,397 


6,587 


4,968 


4,090 


878 


Civil Serv'Cft Cnmmissinn 


623 


601 


855 


1,160 


1,129 


817 


312 


Farm Credit Administration 2 


8 2, 276 


7,552 


6,907 


6,818 


3,276 


1,365 


1,911 


Federal Communications Commission-- 
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation 


257 


238 
2,622 


336 
849 


721 
744 


656 
798 


403 
272 


253 
526 


Federal Home Loan Bank Board .. 


88 


210 


173 


293 


279 


279 




Federal Housing Administration 






2 237 


3 818 


3,663 


1,310 


2,353 


Federal Power Commission 


55 


78 


235 


294 


370 


267 


103 


Fftr}ftral Rftsfirvfi System 


208 


272 


311 


329 


329 


300 


29 


Federal Trade Commission - 


472 


472 


478 


554 


584 


514 


70 


General Accounting Office 2 


1,974 


1,771 


2,748 


2 299 


2,752 


2,752 




Government Printing Offirp, 


4 758 


4 666 


5 215 


5 625 


5 615 


5,615 




Home Owners' Loan Corporation 




6,968 


20, 099 


19, 958 


16, 015 


1,982 


14, 033 


Inland Waterways Corporation. . 










2,124 


13 


2,111 


Interstate Commerce Commission . . 


2,311 


1,911 


1,601 


1,630 


2, 184 


1,573 


611 


Maritime C!nTnTni<?sinri 9 


666 


440 


465 


471 


928 


466 


462 


Natl. Advisory Com. for Aeronautics 
National Industrial Recovery Admn 


309 


308 
1,967 


323 

4 168 


365 
'; 422 


442 


47 


395 


Panama Canal .. 


9,888 


8,998 


9,098 


9, 678 


10, 905 


75 


10, 830 


Railroad Retirement Board 






42 


no) 


675 


549 


126 


Reconstruction Finance Corporation 
Securities and Exchange Commission 


1,948 


3,234 


3,283 
422 


3,444 
965 


3,013 
1,109 


1,498 
894 


1,515 
215 


Smithsonian Institution 


545 


560 


642 


534 


538 


538 




Social Security Board . _ 








60 


4,463 


3,176 


1,287 


Tariff Commission 


307 


275 


299 


301 


302 


295 


7 


Tennessee Valley Authority - - 




3,431 


12, 319 


12, 517 


13, 519 


12 


13, 507 


Veterans' Administration 


34 111 


31 380 


32 880 


33 415 


35, 041 


5,862 


29, 179 


Emergency and works program agencies: 
Fed. Emer. Admn. of Public Works. _. 




2,759 


5,426 


9,840 


10,256 


3,166 


7,090 


Works program: 11 
Treasury. 








14, 623 


16, 140 


2,609 


13, 531 


War 








940 


82 


81 




Justice... ------ 








292 


421 


143 


278 


Interior 








440 


1,258 


198 


1,060 


Agriculture.. . 








399 


223 


65 


158 


Commerce 








433 


551 


336 


215 


Labor 








11 492 


12 599 


647 


11 952 


Emergency Conservation Work: 13 
Agriculture 




(i) 


14 130 


14 261 


17, 110 


396 


16, 714 


Interior.- 




(') 


9,111 


11,782 


9,247 


357 


8,890 


War 




(V) 


6 454 


14 746 


13 686 


612 


13, 074 


Other, inch Director's Office 




51 


57 


88 


86 


80 


6 


Farm Credit Administration 










1,508 


17 


1,491 


General Accounting Office 








1,888 


2,250 


2,250 




National Youth Administration 








63 


1,231 


74 


1,157 


Puerto Rico Reconstruction Admn 








1, 117 


3,612 


50 


3,562 


Resettlement Administration 








16, 386 


14, 155 


2,775 


11, 380 


Works Progress Administration 








52, 344 


32, 831 


1,611 


31, 220 


Other departments _ . . 




290 


1,077 


1,636 


1,332 


930 


402 


Miscellaneous 


738 


1,021 


2,071 


1,803 


2,101 


1,608 


493 



I 4,011 Agriculture Adjustment Admn. employees and 8,121 emergency conservation work employees 
for Agriculture and 4,863 for Interior are not included; these agencies did not report until a later date. 

3 Not including employees shown under "works program" in the lower part of this table. 

3 Decrease largely due to the transfer of the Custodian Service to the Post Office Department. 

4 1,020 engaged on C. C. C. work are included in figures for War Department. 

Includes employees in substitute grades: for 1932, 27,869; 1933, 27,691; 1934,24,550; 1935,12,728; 1936,19,382. 

Includes 3,069 employees of Public Buildings and Parks, National Capital; this office was transferred 
to Interior Department in 1933. 

? Includes 3,184 temporary employees of the National Reemployment Service not previously reported. 

8 Federal Farm Board and Regional Agricultural Credit Corporations. 

For 1932, Shipping Board; for 1933 to 1935, Merchant Fleet Corporation, formerly part of Shipping 
Board which was transferred to Department of Commerce in 1933; the Maritime Commission took over 
personnel of Shipping Board and Merchant Fleet Corporation. 

Discontinued June 1935; reestablished February 1936. 

II Under this title are grouped administrative employees of the emergency conservation works program 
and other agencies or parts of agencies financed from the Emerg. Relief Appropriation Acts of 1935 and 1936, 

13 Not including enrolled personnel (see table 378), military personnel (7,541 for 193G), nurses (490 for 
1936), and intermittent employees (1,274 for 1936). 

Source: Civil Service Commission. 



CIVIL SEKVICE 



155 









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156 



CIVIL SERVICE RETIREMENT 



No. 165. CIVIL SERVICE AND CANAL ZONE RETIREMENT 

NOTE. Retirement for civil service employees was established by act of May 22, 1920. Under this act 
as amended July 3, 1926, and May 29, 1930 (effective July 1, 1930), employees of the classified service 
and certain other groups, including unclassified laborers subject to labor regulations, are eligible for 
retirement on annuity at the ages of 62, 65, and 70, according to the class of service, if they have rendered 
at least 15 years of service. The last-named act permits the optional retirement of employees 2 years 
before reaching the retirement age where they have rendered at least 30 years of service and also permits 
retirement on account of permanent and total disability after 5 years of service. From the basic com- 
pensation of each employee within the scope of the acts there is deducted 3 Hi percent (2^ prior to July 1, 
1926) thereof for deposit to the credit of the retirement fund. All amounts deducted prior to July 1, 1930, 
and thereafter amounts deducted less $1 per month are credited to the employee's individual account. 
Under the amendment of May 29, 1930, annuities are composed of (1) a sum equal to $30 for each year 
of service not exceeding 30 (provided it does not exceed three-fourths of average salary) , and (2) the amount 
of annuity purchasable with the sum credited to the individual's account together with interest at 4 
percent per annum, with certain provisions regarding the minimum total annuity. 

By act of Mar. 2, 1931 (effective July 1, 1931), special provision was made for employees of the Panama 
Canal and Panama Canal Railroad, who theretofore had been eligible for retirement under the civil 
service retirement and disability act. 



June 30 
or year 
ended 
June 30 


Number on civil service retirement roll 
by cause of retirement 


Civil service retirement and disability fund 
(thousands of dollars) 


Total 


Agei 


Disa- 
bility 


Invol- 
un- 
tary, 
less 
than 
30 
years' 
serv- 
ice i 


30 years' 
service 


Receipts 


Disbursements 


Bal- 
ance in 
fund 
June 
302 


Vol- 
un- 
tary 
sep- 
ara- 
tion 


Invol- 
un- 
tary 
separa- 
tion 


To- 
tal 2 s 


Salary 
deduc- 
tions 2 < 


Appro- 
pria- 
tions 


Total 


Annu- 
ities 


Re- 
funds 


1921 


6,471 
7, 576 
9,33* 
10,548 
11,689 
12,524 
14, 119 
15,383 
16,501 
17,768 
22, 650 
25,567 
32,835 
44,708 
48, 665 
51,206 


5,947 
6,667 
7,994 
8,895 
9,741 
10,277 
11,353 
12, 173 
12,924 
12,504 
15, 357 
16,600 
21, 613 
22,969 
23,863 
24,603 


524 
909 
1,340 
1,653 
1,948 
2,247 
2,766 
3,210 
3,577 
3,994 
4,947 
5,973 
7,281 
8,941 
9,886 
10, 877 








12, 586 
14, 682 


12,524 
14,095 




2,914 
6,391 
7,741 
8,552 
9,028 
10, 182 
13, 395 
14, 752 
16,063 
18, 126 
23,992 
27, 470 
34, 838 
47, 657 
52, 744 
56, 709 


2,591 
4.18S 
4,964 
5,69 
6,23 
6,767 
9,598 
10,99C 
12,00; 
13, 108 
19, 86C 
23,546 
30,048 
39, 621 
46, 971 
50,243 


323 
2,203 
2,786 
2,864 
2,713 
3,444 
3,862 
3,771 
4,067 
5,049 
4,160 
3,924 
4,789 
8,036 
5,773 
6,466 


9,673 
17,964 
25, 379 
33, 469 
44, 470 
54, 461 
68,235 
82, 985 
119, 442 
156, 763 
191, 047 
223, 588 
249, 997 
262, 562 
271, 730 
299, 289 


1922 
1923 
1924 
1925 
















15, 156 
16,642 
20,029 
20,174 
27, 168 
29, 503 
52,520 
55, 447 
58,277 
61, 442 
61,246 
60, 259 
61,912 
84,268 


14, 174 
15,158 
17,999 
17, 969 
24,356 
26, 455 
28,123 
29,048 
29, 944 
31, 853 
30, 494 
28, 740 
30,089 
32, 405 




















1926- -. 
1927 


















1928_ .. 
1929 
















19, 950 
20,500 
21,000 
21,000 
21,000 
21,000 
21,000 
40, 150 


1930- .. 
1931. .. 
1932 
1933 
1934 
1935 
1936 


1,270 
1,374 
1,404 
1,539 
1,861 
1,997 
1,998 






972 

1,590 
2,402 
3,944 
4,310 
4,610 








6,993 
8,609 
9,118 






1935 


1936 




1935 


1936 


CIVIL 

Number o 
Sex and 
Male 
Age 
Dis 
Vol 
Inv 
Inv 
y< 

Fema 
Age 
Dis 
Vol 
Inv 
Inv 
y< 
Vocatio 
Mech 
City] 
Rural 
Post-< 
Railvc 
Depa 
Laboi 
Hazai 
India 


SERVICE RETIREMENT 

n the roll June 30 by- 
cause of retirement 


44, 217 
22, 326 
7,919 
4,044 
8,160 

1,768 
4,448 
1,537 
1,967 
266 
449 

229 

9,218 
7,958 
8,637 
5,956 
3,383 
9,036 
3,298 
757 
422 


46,300 
22, 982 
8,662 
4,322 

8,577 

1,757 
4,906 
1,621 
2,215 
288 
541 

241 

9,675 
8, 134 
9,089 
6,138 
3,555 
9,744 
3, 538 
839 
494 


CIVIL 

Numb< 
Rate 
Le 

$10 
$20 
$30 
$40 
$50 
$60 
$70 
$80 
$90 
$1, 
$1, 
$1. 
$1, 
$1, 
$1, 
Averap 
Annua 

CA 

Numb 
Averag 
Disbur 
ende 


SERVICE 

jr on tl 
s per ar 
ss than 
0-$199 


RETIREMENT COn. 

e roll June 30 by- 
mum 
$100 


1 
77 
480 
973 
1,785 
2,829 
3,358 
2,232 
2,609 
3,406 
3,884 
12, 336 
14, 236 
450 
8 
1 
988 
48,082 

366 
1.318 

474 


2 
99 
551 
1,064 
1,848 
3,010 
3,742 
2,480 
2,648 
3,411 
3,987 
12,608 
15, 232 
511 
10 
3 
985 
50, 427 

402 
1,321 

517 






ability 


0-$299 . 


untary, 
oluntar: 
oluntar: 
jars' ser 
le 


30 years' ser vice- . 
7, 30 years' service. 
f, less than 30 
vice 


0-$399 


0-$499 


0-$599 


0-$699 




0-$799 







0-$899 


ability 


0-$999 


untary, 
oluntar: 
oluntar; 
;ars' ser 
us- 
ages.. 


30 years' service. . 
7, 30 years' service. 
?, less than 30 
vice 


D00-$l,0 
100-$1,1 
200 


99 


99 




201-$1,2 
?00-$1,3 
iOO-$l,4 
e annu 
1 value 

NAL ZO 

3r on ro 
e annul 
sement 
3 June 


99 




99 


99 


etter ca 
letter c 
jffice cle 
ay post 
r tmenta 
ers 


rriers 


il rate ( 
of roll ( 

ME RET 

11 June 
ty (doll 
sforanr 
JO (1,0(X 


dollars) 
1,000 dolls.) -- 

[REMENT 6 
30 


arriers 


rks 


al clerk 
1 


3 






ars) 


dousoc 
a field & 


cupatio 
ervice 


ns 


mities, 
) dollars 


years 
) 









1 Involuntary separation included with age prior to 1930. 

2 After adjustment since 1932 on account of transfers to Canal Zone retirement and disability fund. 
8 Includes receipts from interest and profits not shown separately. 

4 Including service-credit payments. 

Total after taking into consideration certain accounting-office adjustments not shown separately. 

e Data for earlier years follow: Annuitants on roll, 1932, 157; 1933, 248; 1934, 332; annuities, 1932, $161,000; 
1933, $309,000; 1934, $411,000; average annuity, 1932, $1,315; 1933, $1,323; 1934, $1,312. Annuitants carried 
on the civil service retirement roll as of June 30, 1931, who were eligible for retirement under the Canal 
Zone Retirement Act, were transferred to the Canal Zone roll during the fiscal years 1932 and 1933. 

Source: Civil Service Commission. 



SOCIAL SECURITY 



157 



No. 166. DEVELOPMENT OF OLD-AGE PENSION MOVEMENT IN THE 
UNITED STATES, 1915 TO 1936 



Yeari 


Num- 
ber of 
laws in 
effect 


Number of 
recipients 
at end of 
year 


Total 
pay- 
ments 
(thou- 
sands of 
dollars) 


Aver- 
age 
month- 
ly pay- 
ment 


Yeari 


Num- 
ber of 
laws in 
effect 


Number of 
recipients 
at end of 
year 


Total 
pay- 
ments 
(thou- 
sands of 
dollars) 


Aver- 
age 
month- 
ly pay- 
ment 


1915 


1 


42 


2 


$4.70 


1930 


9 


10,648 


2 138 


$16 73 


1923 


2 


518 


50 


7.98 


1931 


16 


76,663 


16, 252 


19.01 


1924 


2 


723 


108 


12.41 


1932 


16 


102, 894 


25,048 


20.78 


1925 


3 


817 


146 


14 86 


1933 


17 


115, 549 


26,167 


19 25 


1926 


3 


1,165 


230 


16.46 


1934 


27 


235,265 


32, 395 


14.53 


1927 


3 


1.255 


231 


15.37 


1935 


32 


408,502 


65,002 


15.57 


1928 


6 


1 514 


285 


16 42 


1936 


3 45 


3 1, 106, 959 


3 154, 663 


3 16 86 























1 During 1915 to 1922 only Alaska was paying old-age benefits; for 1929 no data are available. 

42 State plans approved by the Social Security Board were in operation by the end of the year. Laws 
were also in effect in Alaska, Arizona, and Nevada; data for these 3 States are not available. 

3 Data cover the 42 States with plans approved by the Social Security Board. Total payments include 
$18,539,000 disbursed by some States under plans in operation prior to approval by the Board and obligations 
of $136, 124,000 incurred for payments to recipients for the period of operation under approved plans. The 
monthly payment represents an average for all months for which payments were made by the 42 States. 
The average monthly payment during operation under the Social Security Act was $17.48. 

Sources: 1915 to 1935, Monthly Labor Review, October 1936, published by Department of Labor; 1936, 
Social Security Board, compiled from reports submitted by State agencies administering old-age assistance. 



No. 167. PUBLIC ASSISTANCE TO AGED AND BUND PERSONS AND FOR 
DEPENDENT CHILDREN IN STATES WITH PLANS APPROVED BY THE 
SOCIAL SECURITY BOARD: NUMBER OF RECIPIENTS AND OBLIGATIONS 
INCURRED FOR PAYMENTS TO RECIPIENTS, BY MONTHS, FEBRUARY 1936 TO 
APRIL 1937 1 

NOTE. The Social Security Act provides that Federal grants-in-aid be made to reimburse States in part for 
payments to aged and blind persons and to families for aid to dependent children and for part of adminis- 
trative costs under plans administered by the States and approved by the Social Security Board. 
Federal grants for old-age assistance and aid to the blind amount to te of direct payments to recipients 
(except that part of individual monthly payments in excess of $30 or payments to aged persons under 65 
or persons in public institutions) and an additional 5 percent for administrative expenses; for aid to de- 
pendent children, to H of the total cost of direct assistance and administrative expense, except that part 
of payments in excess of $18 for the first child and $12 for each additional child 



Year and month 


Number of cases receiving public 
assistance 


Obligations incurred for payments to 
recipients * (thousands of dollars) 


Old-age 
assist- 
ance 3 


Aid to dependent . 
children 


Aid to the 
blind 3 


Total 


Old-age 
assist- 
ance 


Aid to de- 
pendent 
children 


Aid to the 
blind 


Families 


Children 4 


1938 










163, 362 
4,636 
5,295 
8,797 
10, 782 
11, 712 
15,806 
18,093 
19, 377 
21, 451 
22,903 
24,510 

25,568 
26,700 
28,128 
28,981 


138, 123 
3,746 
4,338 
7,080 
8,986 
9,655 
13,058 
15, 102 
16,079 
17, 982 
19,333 
20,764 

21,640 
22,534 
23,629 
24,273 


21,269 
603 
641 
1.332 
1,397 
1,633 
2,101 
2,329 
2,616 
2,763 
2,847 
3,007 

3,177 
3,399 
3,711 
3,905 


5,970 
287 
316 
385 
399 
424 
647 
662 
682 
706 
723 
739 

751 

767 
788 
803 


February .. . . 


246,820 
294,224 
471,364 
563,578 
604,089 
787,085 
843, 417 
861, 474 
972, 979 
1, 035, 309 
1, 106, 959 

1,149,942 
1, 201, 020 
1, 258, 793 
1, 297, 321 


26,570 
27,447 
56,898 
61, 170 
70, 026 
89, 135 
83,975 
91, 694 
105, 024 
107, 311 
109, 719 

114, 889 
120,600 
127, 967 
133, 953 


68,663 
70, 301 
144,413 
154,600 
177,466 
225,784 
218, 278 
238,710 
269,480 
272, 574 
280,351 

292,041 
305,729 
323, 451 
338,869 


12,054 
13, 103 
16,385 
16,656 
17,583 
26,526 
26,915 
27,504 
28,006 
28,451 
28,984 

29,403 
30, 108 
31,015 
31,841 


March 


April 


Mav 


June... 


July 


August . - - 


September 


October 


November 


Denernhftr 


1937: 
January 


February 


March 


April 





i Includes preliminary figures for Montana for old-age assistance; for Massachusetts and New Jersey for 
aid to dependent children; and for New Mexico for all 3 types of public assistance for 1937. 

2 Figures represent direct payments from Federal, State, and local funds to recipients only and do not in- 
clude administrative expenses or obligations incurred for payments for burial or payments to physicians, 
hospitals,- clinics, or others rendering services to the client. 

3 Represents the number of individuals whose applications for the type of assistance stated have been 
approved formally; this number for some States may be less than the number eligible for and receiving such 
assistance since in certain States 1 grant may be made to cover the needs of 2 or more persons. 

4 Number of children reported is the number for whom applications for aid have been approved formally 
and for whom aid was given for this month; this number may be less than the total number of children in 
households receiving aid to dependent children since other children in the family may not be granted aid. 

Source: Social Security Board; compiled from reports submitted by State agencies. 



158 



SOCIAL SECURITY 



No. 168. PUBLIC ASSISTANCE TO AGED AND BLIND PERSONS AND FOR 
DEPENDENT CHILDREN IN EACH STATE WITH PLANS APPROVED BY 
THE SOCIAL SECURITY BOARD: NUMBER OF RECIPIENTS AND OBLIGATIONS 
INCURRED FOR PAYMENTS TO RECIPIENTS, DECEMBER 1936 

NOTE. See headnote, table 167 



State 


Old-age assistance 


State 


Old-age assistance 


Number 
of re- 
cipients i 


Obligations incurred 
for payments to re- 
cipients 2 


Number 
of re- 
cipients i 


Obligations incurred 
for payments to re- 
cipients 2 


Total 


Average 
per re- 
cipient 


Total 


Average 
per re- 
cipient 


Total 


1, 106, 959 


$20, 763, 909 


$18. 75 


Missi 
Missc 
Moni 
Nebr 
New 
New 
New 
New 
Nortl 
Ohio 
Oklal 
Oregc 
Penn 
Rhod 
Soutt 
Texas 
Utah 
Verm 
Wash 
West 
Wiscc 
Wyoi 


ssippi 


17, 892 
56, 276 
4 8, 243 
24, 456 
3,176 
21,681 
2,841 
72, 320 
6,307 
99, 465 
44, 023 
11, 982 
62, 036 
3,242 
10, 067 
101,319 
5,294 
3,967 
28, 210 
4,781 
33, 992 
2,560 


$70, 226 
643, 180 
* 168, 254 
423, 357 
68, 310 
351, 436 
47, 540 
1, 548, 687 
99, 902 
2, 438, 086 
603, 079 
252, 946 
1, 346, 266 
56, 182 
213, 502 
1, 536, 156 
119, 279 
44, 996 
575, 677 
59, 500 
640, 265 
53, 434 


$3.92 
11.43 
420.41 
17.31 
21.51 
16.21 
16.73 
21.41 
15.84 
24.51 
13.70 
21.11 
21.70 
17.33 
21.21 
15.16 
22.53 
11.34 
20.41 
12.44 
18.84 
20.87 


Alabama . 




3 10, 733 
14, 857 
63, 172 
26, 586 
11, 632 
3,057 
1,386 
7,237 
595 
7,924 
93,230 
34, 740 
29,704 
11, 522 
12, 891 
3,934 
12, 482 
47, 979 
32, 705 
56, 463 


3115,023 
133, 872 
1, 980, 852 
735, 020 
305, 604 
32, 488 
34, 937 
78,889 
6,813 
184, 669 
1, 437, 340 
496, 982 
436, 247 
115, 039 
163, 653 
78,883 
205, 499 
1, 259, 359 
538, 529 
1, 063, 951 


3 10. 72 
9.01 
31.36 
27.65 
26.27 
10.63 
25.21 
10.90 
11.45 
23.30 
15.42 
14.30 
14.69 
9.98 
12.70 
20.05 
16.46 
26.25 
16.47 
18.84 


ana 


Arkansas 


iska 


California 


Hampshire. 
Jersey 


Colorado _ - 


Connecticut - 


Mexico 


Delaware - 


York 


Dist. Columbia. . 
Florida 


i Dakota. . . 


Hawaii 


ioma 


Idaho ... 


n 


EMnois 


sylvania 


Indiana 


e Island 
L Dakota 


Iowa . 


Kentucky 


Louisiana 




Maine 


ont 


Maryland 


ington 


Massachusetts 
Michigan 


Virginia 
msin 


Minnesota 


ning 






States 


Aid to dependent children 


Aid to the blind 


Number of re- 
cipients 


Obligations incurred 
for payments to 
recipients a 


Number 
of re- 
cipients J 


Obligations incurred 
for payments to 
recipients 2 


Families 


Children 6 


Total 


Average 
per 
family 


Total 


Average 
per re- 
cipient 


Total- 


109, 719 


280, 351 


$3, 007, 402 


$27.41 


28,984 


$738, 531 


$25. 48 


Alabama 


5,316 
955 
4,044 
8,875 
2,252 
395 
1,318 
1,609 
2,078 
5,335 
1,255 
4,982 
42,829 
8,139 
2,839 
341 
4 10, 601 
774 
9,769 
9,824 


15, 672 
2,892 
11, 200 
21, 076 
5,995 
968 
3,656 
4,163 
5,661 
15, 975 
3,373 
14, 121 
* 9, 524 
19, 245 
7,021 
977 
* 24, 152 
2,205 
25, 369 
23, 635 


58, 908 
27,630 
42, 073 
294, 747 
70, 341 
11, 643 
67, 370 
42, 362 
63, 406 
127, 176 
45,578 
152, 109 
4 171, 489 
258, 709 
75, 101 
12,297 
288, 494 
24, 495 
268, 195 
70, 905 


11.08 
28.93 
10.40 
33.21 
31.23 
29.48 
51.12 
26.33 
30.51 
23.84 
36.32 
30.53 
* 60. 62 
31.79 
26.45 
36.06 
4 27. 21 
31.65 
27.45 
7.22 








Arizona 


167 
566 
4,516 
651 


3,284 
5,136 
159, 006 
16,688 


19.66 
9.07 
35.21 
25.63 


Arkansas 


California 


Colorado 


Delaware 


District of Columbia 
Idaho 


98 
263 
1,358 


2,372 
6,122 
24, 425 


24.20 
23.28 
17.99 


Indiana 


Louisiana __ 


Maine 


1,137 
574 
968 
385 
504 
272 
475 
145 
3,544 

" S 3 2 
9,628 
236 
147 
813 
2,034 
183 


20, 464 
10, 672 
15, 930 
8,726 
9,709 
5,234 
9,949 
2,658 
58,697 

d 

7,865 
288,134 
5,633 
1,654 
26, 723 
43, 469 
5,981 


18.00 
18.59 
16.46 
22.66 
19.26 
19.24 
20.94 
18. 33 
16.56 
( 7 ) 
24.58 
29.93 
23.87 
11.25 
32.87 
21.37 
32.68 


Maryland 


Massachusetts 


Michigan... 


Nebraska 


New Hampshire 


New Jersey 


New Mexico 


Ohio... 


Oklahoma 


Oregon 


Pennsylvania 


9,530 
1,771 
348 
5,318 
8,627 
595 


24,662 
4,657 
759 
11, 799 
20, 110 
1,484 


332, 815 
56, 690 
6,681 
151,818 
268, 876 
17, 494 


34.92 
32.01 
19.20 
28.55 
31.17 
29.40 


Utah 


Vermont. _ 


Washington 


Wisconsin 


Wyoming 





i See note 3, table 167. * See note 2, table 167. 

3 Of this number there were 2,212 Confederate pensioners receiving $50,345, an average payment of $22.76. 
* Preliminary figures subject to revision. 

8 Plans had been approved for aid to dependent children and the blind for West Virginia and for aid to 
the blind for North Dakota but no payments were made for December 1936. 
6 See note 4, table 167. 7 Federal funds available but no payments made for December 1936. 

Source: Social Security Board, compiled from reports submitted by State agencies. 



POPULAR VOTE 



159 



No. 169. POPULAR VOTE FOR PRESIDENTIAL ELECTORS: BY PRINCIPAL 
POLITICAL PARTIES, TOTALS, 1888 TO 1936, AND BY STATES, 1936 

Note. The column "miscellaneous independent" represents so-called independent, progressive, and 
farmer-labor parties variously designated as follows: 1888, Union Labor Party; 1892, 1900, and 1904, 
Populist; 1896, National Democrat; 1908, Populist and Independent; 1912 and 1916, Progressive; 1920, 
1928, and 1932, Farmer-Labor; 1936, Union. In 1924, column represents votes for La Follette- Wheeler 
electors, variously designated under party names as Independent Progressive, Progressive, Socialist, 
Socialist and Independent, Farmer-Labor, etc. 



State 


Total i 


Republican 


Democrat 


Socialist 
and Social- 
ist-Labor 


Miscella- 
neous inde- 
pendent J 


Prohibi- 
tion 


Commu- 
nist 


1888 


11 381,408 


5 444,337 


5 540 050 




146, 897 


250 124 




1892 


12, 043, 603 


5, 190, 802 


5, 554, 414 




1, 027, 329 


271,058 




1896 


13, 813, 243 


7,035,638 


3 6, 467, 946 


* 36, 454 


131, 529 


141, 676 




1900 


13, 964, 518 


7, 219, 530 


6, 358, 071 


127, 519 


50,232 


209,166 




1904 


13, 523, 519 


7, 628, 834 


5, 084, 491 


436, 184 


114,753 


259,257 




1908 


14, 887, 133 


7, 679, 006 


6, 409, 106 


434,645 


111,693 


252,683 




1912 


15, 031, 169 


3, 483, 922 


6, 286, 214 


926,090 


4, 126, 020 


208,923 




1916 


18, 528, 743 


8, 538, 221 


9, 129, 606 


598, 516 


41, 894 


2%, f/XJ 




1920 


26, 705, 346 


16, 152, 200 


9, 147, 353 


950, 974 


265,411 


189,408 




1924 


29, 022, 261 


15, 725, 003 


8,385,586 


4 27, 650 


2 4, 826, 471 


57, 551 


5 36, 386 


1928 


36, 879, 414 


21, 392, 190 


15, 016, 443 


289,023 


6,390 


20,106 


s 48, 770 


1932 .. .- 


39, 816, 522 


15,761,841 


22, 821, 857 


918, 057 


7,309 


81, 869 


102,991 


1936 


45, 647, 117 


16, 679, 583 


27, 476, 673 


200,522 


882,479 


37, 661 


80, 159 


Alabama.. 


275,744 


35,358 


238,196 


242 


551 


719 


678 


Arizona 


124, 163 


33,433 


86,722 


317 


3,307 


384 




Arkflns^s 


179, 423 


32,039 


146,765 


446 


4 




169 


California 


2,638,882 


836,431 


1, 766, 836 


11,331 




12,917 


10 877 


Colorado 


488, 676 


181,267 


295, 021 


1,929 


9,962 




497 


Connecticut 


690,783 


278,685 


382,189 


6,911 


21,805 




1,193 


Delaware 


6 127 603 


54,014 


69, 702 


172 


442 




51 


Florida 


327,365 


78,248 


249, 117 










Georgia 


293, 178 


36,942 


255,364 


68 


141 


663 




Idaho 


199 623 


66,256 


125,683 




7,684 






Illinois 


3, 956, 522 


1, 570, 393 


2,282,999 


9,451 


89,439 


3,439 


801 


Indiana 


1, 650, 897 


691, 570 


934, 974 


3,856 


19,407 




1 090 


Iowa 


1, 142, 733 


487, 977 


621, 756 


1,625 


29,687 


1,182 


506 


'K'ansas 


865, 013 


397,727 


464,520 


2,766 








Kentucky 


926,206 


369, 702 


541,944 


926 


12,501 


929 


204 


Louisiana 


329,778 


36, 791 


292,894 










Maine 


304,240 


168,823 


126,333 


912 


7,581 


334 


257 


Maryland 


624,896 


231,435 


389, 612 


2 934 






915 


Massachusetts - 
Michigan. 


1, 840, 357 
1, 805, 093 


768, 613 
699,733 


942,716 
1, 016, 794 


6,416 
8,808 


118,639 
7 75, 795 


L032 
8579 


2,930 
3,384 


Minnesota 


1, 129, 975 


350,461 


698, 811 


3,833 


74,296 




2,574 


Mississippi 


162,090 


4,443 


157, 318 


329 








Missouri 


1, 828, 635 


697, 891 


1, 111, 043 


3,746 


14,630 


908 


417 


Montana 


230,512 


63,598 


159, 690 


1,066 


5,549 


224 


385 


Nebraska 


608,032 


247, 731 


347, 454 




12,847 






Nevada 


43,848 


11,923 


31,925 










New Hampshire 


218, 1 14 


104,642 


108,460 




4,819 




193 


New Jersey 


1 1, 820, 437 


720,322 


1,083,850 


4,293 




926 


L639 


New Mexico . 


168, 920 


61, 710 


105,838 


343 


924 


62 


43 


New York 


11 5, 596, 398 


2, 180, 670 


3, 018, 298 


86,897 






35 609 


North Carolina 


839, 462 


223,283 


616, 141 


21 






n 


North Dakota. .. 
Ohio 


273, 716 
3, 012, 425 


72,751 
1, 127, 709 


163, 148 
1, 747, 122 


552 
131 


36,708 
132, 212 


197 


360 
5 251 


Oklahoma 


749, 740 


245,122 


501,069 


2,221 




L328 




Oregon 


414, 021 


122,706 


266,733 


2,643 


21,831 


4 


104 


Pennsylvania 
Rhode Island . . 


4, 138, 105 
311, 149 


1, 690, 300 
125, 012 


2, 353, 788 
165,233 


15,799 
924 


67, 467 
19,569 


6,691 


4,060 
411 


South Carolina 


115, 437 


1,646 


113, 791 










South Dakota 


296,452 


125, 977 


160, 137 




i 3 10 338 






Tennessee 


475, 531 


146, 516 


327,083 


685 


296 


632 


319 


Texas 


843,482 


103, 874 


734,485 


1,075 


3,281 


514 


253 


Utah 


216, 677 


64,555 


150,246 


432 


1,121 


43 


280 


Vermont .. 


143, 689 


81, 023 


62,124 








405 


Virginia 


334, 590 


98,336 


234,980 


349 


233 


594 


98 


Washington 
West Virginia 


692,338 
830, 073 


206,892 
325, 486 


459, 579 
502,582 


3,858 
832 


17,463 


1,041 
1,173 


1,907 


Wisconsin 


1, 258, 712 


380,828 


802, 984 


11,183 


60 297 


1,071 


2,197 


Wyoming. 


103, 382 


38, 739 


62,624 


200 


1,653 


75 


91 



















1 Figures prior to 1928 do not include votes cast for names not appearing on the electoral tickets specified 
in the table. In 1928 to 1936, the totals include miscellaneous and scattering ballots, insofar as they were 
reported by the States. 

I See headnote. 3 Democrat-Populist. 

4 Socialist-Labor only. In 1924 practically all the Socialist vote is included in votes in next column for 
La Follette and Wheeler, official candidates of the Socialist Party as well as the Independent Progressive. 

5 Workers. Includes 3,222 Independent Republican votes. 
7 Third party (Lemke). 8 Commonwealth votes for Colvin. 

Includes 961 Industrial votes. 10 Includes 9,407 National Union for Social Justice votes. 

II Includes 274,924 American Labor votes. 1J Royal Oak (Lemke). 13 Independent (Lemke). 
Sources: 1888-1920, reports of State officials on file in the Department of State; 1924 to 1936, data compiled 

by Clerk of the House of Representatives. 
150214 38 12 



160 



ELECTOKAL VOTE FOE PKESIDENT 



No. 170. ELECTORAL VOTE FOR PRESIDENT: BY PRINCIPAL POLITICAL PAR- 
TIES AND BY STATES, 1916 TO 1936 

NOTE. In 1924, the 13 electoral votes of Wisconsin were cast for La Follette and Wheeler, Independent Pro- 
gressive candidates 





191 


6 


19 


20 


19 


u 


19 


28 


19 


32 


19 


36 


State 


Republican 


Democratic 


Republican 


Democratic 


Republican 


Democratic 


Republican 


o 


I 


1 
3 


Democratic 


a 

3 

1 


Democratic 


Total 


254 


277 


404 


127 


382 


136 


444 


87 


59 


472 


8 


523 


Plurality 




23 


277 





246 





357 







413 




515 




















r 








Alabama- 




12 




12 




12 




12 




11 




11 


Arizona 




3 


3 




3 




3 






3 




3 


Arkansas - - 




9 




9 




9 




g 




9 




9 


California 




13 


13 




13 




13 






22 




22 


Colorado . 




6 


6 




g 




g 






g 




6 


Connecticut _-_ 


7 




7 




7 




7 




g 






g 


Delaware 


3 




3 




3 




3 




3 






3 


Florida 




6 




6 




g 


g 






7 




7 


Georgia 




14 




14 




14 




14 




12 




12 


Idaho 




4 


4 




4 




4 






4 




4 


Illinois 


29 




29 




29 




29 






29 




29 


Indiana - 


15 




15 




15 




15 






14 




14 


Iowa 


13 




13 




13 




13 






11 




11 


Kansas 




10 


10 




10 




10 






9 




9 


Kentucky . 




13 




13 


13 




13 






11 




11 


Louisiana . 




10 




10 




10 




10 




10 




10 


Maine 


6 




6 




g 




g 




5 




5 




Maryland 




g 


g 




g 




g 






g 




g 


Massachusetts 
Michigan 


18 
15 




18 
15 





18 
15 





~~~15~ 


18 





17 
19 





17 
19 


Minnesota 


1?, 




12 




12 




12 






11 




11 


Mississippi - 




10 




10 




10 




10 




9 




9 


Missouri 




18 


18 




18 




18 






15 




15 


Montana. - -. 




4 


4 




4 




4 






4 




4 


Nebraska 




8 


8 




g 




g 






7 




7 


Nevada . 




3 


3 




3 




3 






3 




3 






4 


4 




4 




4 




4 






4 


New Jersey 


14 




14 




14 




14 






16 




16 


New Mexico 




3 


3 




3 




3 






3 




3 


New York. 


45 




45 




45 




45 






47 




47 


North Carolina 




12 




12 




12 


12 






13 




13 


North Dakota 




5 


5 




5 




5 






4 




4 


Ohio 




24 


24 




24 




24 






26 




26 


Oklahoma 




10 


10 






10 


10 






11 




11 


Oregon . 


5 




5 




5 




5 






5 




5 


Pennsylvania.. 


38 




38 




38 




38 




36 






36 


Rhode Island 


5 




5 




5 






5 




4 




4 


South Carolina 




9 




9 




9 




9 




g 




g 


South Dakota 


5 




5 




5 




5 






4 





4 


Tennessee.. 




12 


12 






12 


12 






11 




11 


Texas 




20 




20 




20 


20 






23 




23 


Utah._. 




4 


4 




4 




4 






4 




4 


Vermont 


4 




4 




4 




4 




3 




3 




Virginia 




12 




12 




12 


12 






11 




11 


Washington 




7 


7 




7 




7 






g 




g 


West Virginia- 


7 


1 


8 




8 




g 






g 





g 


Wisconsin 


13 




13 




(i) 


(i) 


13 






12 




12 


Wyoming 




3 


3 




* a 




3 


" 




3 




3 





























1 See headnote. 

Sources: 1916 and 1920, Journal of the Senate, Washington, D. C. 
piled by Clerk of the House of Representatives. 



1924, 1928, 1932, and 1936, data com- 



CONGRESSIONAL REPRESENTATION 



161 



No. 171. APPORTIONMENT OF CONGRESSIONAL REPRESENTATION 

NOTE. The ratio given at the head of each column indicates the number of inhabitants per Member of 
the House of Representatives according to the Constitution and the several apportionment acts. No 
apportionment under Census of 1920 





Ratios under Constitution and censuses 


State 


Con- 
stitu- 
tion 


1790 


1800 


1810 


1830 


1830 


1840 


18501 


I860 2 


18703 


1880 


1890 


1900 


1910 


1930 


I 


1 


| 


w .fl- 
ee CO 


1 


5? 


1 




8 


i 
& 




?5 


5^ 

IQ 


1 

r~ 


a 

a? 


1 

a 












Representation 


TotaL.. 


65 

' 


106 




142 


186 

' ' 

1 


213 


242 


232 


237 

.. -11. . 

7 


243 


293 


332 


357 


381 


435 


435 

9 
1 
7 
20 
4 

6 
1 
5 
10 
2 

27 
12 
9 
7 
9 

8 


Alabama 


3 


5 


7 


6 


8 


8 


9 


9 


10 
*1 
7 
11 
4 

5 
1 
4 
12 
2 

27 
13 
11 
8 
11 

8 


Arizona 








Arkansas 












4 1 


1 

<2 


2 

2 


3 
3 


4 
4 
<1 

4 
1 
2 
9 


5 
6 
1 

4 
1 
2 
10 
<1 

20 
13 
11 
7 
11 

6 


6 
7 
2 

4 
1 
2 
11 
1 

22 
13 
11 
8 
11 

6 


7 
8 
3 

5 
1 
3 
11 
1 

25 
13 

11 
8 

11 

7 


California 












Colorado 














Connecticut 


5 
1 


7 
1 


7 

1 


7 
2 


6 
1 


6 
1 


4 
1 
1 

8 


4 

1 

8 


4 

1 

1 
7 


Delaware . 


Florida 


Georgia. 


3 


2 


4 


6 


7 


9 




Illinois 








<1 
1 


1 
3 


3 

7 


7 
10 
2 


9 
11 
2 


14 
11 
6 

1 
9 

5 


19 
13 
9 
3 
10 

6 


Indiana _ - 








Iowa 








Kansas 














Kentucky 




2 


6 


10 

4 I 

7 
9 
13 


12 

3 
7 
9 
13 


13 

3 

8 
8 
12 
1 


10 

4 
7 
6 
10 
3 


10 

4 
6 
6 
11 
4 

'2 


Louisiana 




Maine 

Maryland 


6 

8 


8 
14 


9 
17 


5 
10 
6 

2 


6 
11 
9 

3 


6 
12 
11 

5 


6 
13 

12 

7 


6 
14 
12 

9 

8 
16 
1 
6 

1 
2 

10 


6 

16 
13 

10 
8 
16 
2 
6 

1 
2 
12 
1 
43 

10 
3 
22 
8 
3 

36 
3 
7 
3 
10 

18 
2 
2 
10 
5 

6 
11 
1 


6 
15 

17 

9 
7 
13 
2 
5 

1 
2 
14 
1 
45 

11 
2 
24 
9 
3 

34 
2 
6 
2 
9 

21 
2 
1 
9 
6 

6 
10 

1 


Massachusetts 

Michigan 


Minnesota 












Mississippi 
Missouri 








1 


1 
1 


2 
2 


5 


7 


9 


13 


14 
1 
3 

1 
2 
7 


15 
1 
6 

1 
2 

8 


Montana . 










Nebraska 


















<1 

<1 
3 
5 


1 
3 

7 


Nevada 


















New Hampshire. . 


3 


4 


5 


6 


6 


5 


4 
5 


3 

5 


New Mexico 














New York 


6 

5 


10 
10 


17 
12 


27 
13 


34 
13 


40 
13 


34 

9 


33 

8 


31 

7 


33 

8 


34 
9 

4 1 

21 


34 

9 
1 

21 


37 

10 
2 
21 
5 
2 

32 
2 
7 
2 
10 

16 
1 
2 
10 
3 

5 
11 


North Carolina. .. 
North Dakota 


Ohio 






1 


6 


14 


19 


21 


21 


19 


20 


Oklahoma 






Oregon 
















"l 

25 
2 
6 


1 

24 
2 

4 


1 

27 
2 
5 


1 

28 
2 
7 
<2 
10 

11 


2 

30 
2 
7 
2 
10 

13 
1 

2 
10 
2 

4 

10 
1 


Pennsylvania 
Rhode Island 
South Carolina.. . 
South Dakota 


8 
1 
5 


13 
2 
6 


18 
2 
8 


23 
2 
9 


26 
2 
9 


28 
2 
9 


24 
2 

7 


Tennessee 




<1 


3 


6 


9 


13 


11 
<2 


10 
2 


8 
4 


10 
6 


Texas 




Utah 














Vermont 




2 

19 


4 

22 


6 
23 


5 

22 


5 
21 


4 
15 


3 
13 


3 

11 


3 

9 


2 
10 
<1 

4 
9 
<1 


Virginia 


10 


"Washington 


West Virginia 




















3 

8 


Wisconsin 














2 


3 


6 


Wyoming 

































Membership increased from 233 to 234 by act of July 30, 1852. (10 Stat. L. 25.) 

* Membership increased from 233 to 241 by act of Mar. 4, 1862. (12 Stat. L. 353.) 

Membership originally fixed at 283 but increased by act of May 30, 1872, to 292. (17 Stat. L. 192.) One 
Member assigned to Colorado after apportionment. 
4 Assigned after apportionment. 

* Included in apportionment act in anticipation of its becoming a State. 

* Included in the 20 Members originally assigned to Massachusetts, but credited to Maine, after its 
admission as a State, Mar. 15, 1820. (3 Stat. L. 555.) 

Source: Reports of the Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. 



9. NATIONAL GOVERNMENT FINANCES 

General note as to bases used in compiling statistics of receipts and expenditures of the United States Qovern- 
ment.Four different bases are used in compiling both the receipts and expenditures of the Government. 
These bases, in the case of receipts, are the daily Treasury statements (unrevised and revised), warrants 
issued, and collections reported. The expenditures of the Government are published on the first three of 
these bases and also on the basis of checks issued. Figures in the daily Treasury statements (unrevised) 
which are on a current cash basis are compiled from the latest daily reports from the Treasury offices or 
public depositories. Owing to the distance of some of these offices and depositories from the Treasury, 
reports from them are somewhat delayed in reaching the Treasury, and consequently it is necessary to issue 
the unrevised Treasury statements before they are received. The figures for actual transactions during 
a month or year which are calculated to take into account these delayed reports are said to be on a basis 
of daily Treasury statements (revised). The unrevised figures are the basis of the Budget estimates 
submitted to Congress by the President. 

It is provided by law that warrants shall be issued by the Secretary of the Treasury in acknowledg- 
ment of money received, and that warrants must be drawn by the Secretary of the Treasury for all dis- 
bursements of money. Some of these warrants for expenditures do not represent actual payments but 
are merely advances of credit to disbursing officers, who then issue checks in payment of Government 
obligations. Expenditures on the basis of warrants issued include unexpended balances to the credit of 
disbursing officers at the end of the year but do not include expenditures made during the year from unex- 
pended balances of the preceding year. 

Expenditures on the basis of checks issued (table 175) represent most accurately the actual expenditures 
during any given year. They differ from expenditures shown by daily Treasury statements (revised), 
because they include checks outstanding at the end of the year and exclude unpaid checks at the beginning 
of the year. 

Government transactions are classified according to the accounts through which they are effected. The 
three classes of accounts are: General fund accounts, which include the general revenues and from which 
the operating expenses of the Government, including capital outlays and fixed charges, are paid under 
appropriations by Congress; special fund accounts, or funds received under special authorizations of law 
which are earmarked for some specific purpose; and trust fund accounts, representing money received and 
held in trust for the benefit of individuals or classes of individuals. The latter are not strictly Govern- 
ment moneys and are shown separately in all tables except No. 173. (See headnote of that table.) 

All figures for receipts and expenditures include postal surpluses or deficiencies only; postal revenues 
other than surplus receipts and postal expenditures payable from postal revenues are shown in table 173. 

No. 172. RECEIPTS AND EXPENDITURES: BY MONTHS 

NOTE. All figures in millions and tenths of millions of dollars. Figures are on the "current cash" basis 
shown by daily Treasury statements, unrevised; see general note above 





Eeceipts, general and special 
accounts 


Expenditures, general and special 
accounts 


Trust and re- 
lated ac- 


Year and 
month 




Cus- 


Internal 
revenue 


Mis- 
eel- 

ln-n/\ 




Gen- 
eral, 

rtVrtl 


Public debt 
charges 


Recov- 


counts ! 








Total 


toms 


In- 




lane- 
ous 


Total 


exci. 
public 


Re- 


In- 


ery 
and 


Re- 


Ex- 








come 


Other 2 


re- 




debt 


tire- 


ter- 


relief 


ceipts 


pend- 








tax 




ceipts 




charges 


ments 


est 






itures 


1935 July.. - 


278.9 


29.7 


23.2 


183.7 


42.3 


727.5 


317.5 


54.9 


7.7 


347.4 


23.0 


119.8 


Aug 


298.7 


37.1 


24.0 


228.3 


9.3 


521.9 


192.9 


13.6 


26.8 


288.7 


31.6 


179.8 


Sept 


420.8 


29.7 


230.6 


153.4 


7.1 


581.0 


217.5 


17.7 


101.2 


244.6 


37.0 


5.3 


Oct 


235.4 


33.3 


29.6 


162.5 


10.0 


796.7 


233.7 


172.7 


104.5 


285.8 


53.4 


74.0 


Nov 


234.3 


31.2 


19.0 


149.8 


34.3 


533.5 


215.6 


46.2 


10.1 


261.5 


50.3 


39.5 


Dec 


433.8 


29.1 


228.4 


162.0 


14.4 


621.0 


236.7 


30.2 


107.4 


246.8 


45.9 


63.4 


1936 Jan 


228.0 


33.6 


35.5 


140.8 


18.1 


472.7 


196.5 


16.7 


18.8 


240.7 


51.6 


14.5 


Feb. 


218.3 


33.1 


42.9 


131.4 


10.9 


504.3 


164.2 


8.6 


30.6 


300.8 


32.4 


12.8 


Mar.... 


751.7 


35.3 


412.5 


291.3 


12.6 


578.4 


225.8 


8.2 


130.5 


214.0 


27.8 


64.7 


Apr 


230.6 


32.2 


35.7 


151.8 


10.9 


630.9 


228.0 


17.0 


72.0 


313.9 


28.1 


50.6 


May- 


256.1 


30.3 


35.0 


158.2 


32.7 


564.7 


258.3 


6.9 


8.2 


291.2 


18.3 


25.3 


June 


529.2 


32.1 


310.2 


173.2 


13.7 


2, 347. 1 


1, 949. 5 


10.6 


131.5 


255.5 


35.0 


59.0 


Fiscal year 


























1938, total.. 


4,116.0 


386.8 


1, 426. 6 


2, 086. 3 


216.3 


8, 879. 8 


4, 436. 2 


403.2 


749.4 


3, 290. 9 


434.4 


708.7 


1936 July . 


293. 9 


31.6 


39.1 


200.8 


22.4 


417.1 


320.3 


5.0 


9.9 


81.9 


28.8 


40.5 


Aug 


34& 


34.8 


32.1 


263.9 


12.3 


569.5 


273.5 


18.1 


25.9 


252.0 


23.4 


88.2 


Sept 


499.0 


35.6 


288.5 


160.7 


14.3 


674.2 


255.3 


6.6 


144.4 


267.8 


29.1 


38.4 


Oct.... 


272.2 


41.3 


26.9 


185.7 


18.2 


684.8 


291.6 


4.0 


74.3 


314.9 


29.8 


55.2 


Nov... 


232.8 


35.5 


33.3 


147.6 


16.4 


539.9 


267.5 


4.6 


8.2 


259.6 


27.2 


51.1 


Dec 


517.4 


38.7 


285.7 


174.9 


18.1 


667.4 


265.8 


11.7 


140.1 


249.7 


35.2 


17.5 


1937 Jan. _. 


283.8 


40.5 


42.6 


170.7 


30.0 


635.1 


318.2 


3.7 


14.2 


298.9 


36.2 


327.6 


Feb.... 


274.6 


41.7 


58.4 


158.5 


15.9 


574.8 


331.1 


21.6 


19.8 


202.3 


55.7 


70.2 


Mar.... 


1,011.7 


52.5 


700.3 


240.0 


19.0 


758.3 


387.8 


3.9 


158.7 


207.8 


108.8 


213.4 


Apr 


363.0 


46.3 


57.0 


243.6 


16.2 


725.2 


401.5 


17.4 


67.7 


238.7 


60.8 


59.6 


May... 


334.6 


46.3 


46.5 


228.5 


13.4 


557.2 


330.9 


5.2 


9.5 


211.7 


57.9 


66.8 


June 


867.7 


41.7 


547.1 


264.7 


14.2 


1, 301. 8 


4 844. 8 


2.2 


193. 6 


261.1 


99.2 


85.2 


Fiscal year 


























1937, total-. 


5, 293. 8 


486.4 


2, 157. 5 


2, 439. 6 


210.3 


8, 105. 2 


* 4,288.3 


104.0 


* 866.4 


2, 846. 5 


592.1 


758.5 



i Receipts include increment resulting from the reduction in the weight of the gold dollar and seigniorage 
resulting from the issuance of silver certificates against silver acquired under the Silver Purchase Act 
of 1934; expenditures include items chargeable against increment on gold (see table 174, p. 167) and net 
transactions in checking accounts of certain special governmental agencies. 

a Includes processing tax and, for 1937, unjust enrichment tax and taxes under Social Security Act. 

3 Counter entry; deduct. 

* General expenditures include $500,158,000 on account of bonds issued to U. S. Government Life Insurance 
Fund pursuant to Adjusted Compensation Payment Act, 1936; interest on debt includes $22,507,000 interest 
on these bonds. 

Source: Daily Statement of the United States Treasury published by the Treasury Department. 
162 



RECEIPTS AND EXPENDITURES U. S. GOVERNMENT 163 



No. 173. RECEIPTS AND EXPENDITURES OF THE GOVERNMENT 

NOTE In thousands of dollars. Figures prior to 1916 are on the basis of warrants issued (net) ; thereafter 
on the basis of daily Treasury statements (unrevised) except as noted. General, special, and trust ac- 
counts are included for 1789 to 1930 and in the 1931 figures in italics; trust and related accounts (increment 
on gold, etc.) are excluded beginning with 1931, except for the 1931 figures in italics. For explanation of 
bases used and of accounts, see general note, p. 162. Expenditures from trust funds, etc., are shown for 
1932 to 1936 in table 174 



Yearly aver- 
age or year 
ended June 
30 


Ordinary receipts 


Surplus (+) 
or deficit 
(-) ordin- 
ary receipts 
compared 
with expen- 
ditures 
chargeable 
against 
them i 


Postal 
reve- 
nues, ex- 
cluding 
surplus 
postal 
re- 
ceipts* 


Postal 
expend- 
itures, 
exclud- 
ing 
postal 
defi- 
cien- 
cies 


Total 


Cus- 
toms 3 


Internal revenue 


Sales 

'fiT 

ands 4 


Sur- 
plus 
postal 
re- 
ceipts 


Miscel- 
laneous 
receipts 


Income 
and prof- 
its tax 


Miscella- 
neous 


1789-1800 '- - 
1801-1810 ?-- 
1811-18207.. 
1821-1830 7. . 
1831-1840 7 .. 
1841-1850 '. . 
1851-1860 
1861 1865 


5,717 
13,056 
21,032 
21,923 
30,461 
28,545 
60,237 
160,907 
447, 301 
336,830 
288,124 
366,961 
375, 448 
352, 891 
434,877 
515,961 
567,241 
587,685 
562, 478 
561,881 
541,087 
544,275 
594,984 
665,860 
601,862 
604,320 
675, 512 
701, 833 
692,609 
724,111 
734,673 
697,911 
782, 535 
1, 124, 325 
3,664,583 
5, 152, 257 
6, 694, 565 
5, 624, 933 
4, 109, 104 
4, 007, 135 
4. 012, 045 
3, 780, 149 
3, 962, 756 
4, 129, 394 
4, 042, 348 
4, 033, 250 
4, 177. 942 
3, 317, SS 
3, 189, 639 
2,005,725 
2, 079, 697 
3, 115, 554 
3, 800, 467 
4,115,957 
5, 293, 840 


5,020 
12,046 
16,383 
19,852 
20,470 
25,649 
54,498 
68,989 
178,903 
186,200 
146, 594 
201,963 
216, 557 
176, 861 
185,089 
206,128 
233,165 
238,585 
254,445 
2vi. 4*0 
261,275 
261,799 
300,252 
332,233 
286,113 
300,712 
333,683 
314, 497 
311, 322 
318, 891 
292,320 
209,787 
213, 186 
225,962 
179.998 
184.458 
322,903 
308,564 
3-56. 443 
561,929 
545,638 
547,561 
579, 430 
605,500 
568, 986 
602,263 
587 001 




6375 
201 
1,545 
32 
5 
1 


69 

457 
1,624 
1,388 
7,452 
2,085 
4,583 
555 
2,110 
2.223 
1,025 
6,086 
8,097 
2,650 
1,526 
1,678 
2,837 
2,965 
4,144 


630 
622 
51 
( 8 ) 

(0 


283 
330 
1,430 
650 
2,533 
809 
1,157 
19,994 


-59 
+3,970 
-2,911 
+5,761 
+5,966 
-5,553 
+74 
-522, 878 
+69,659 
+49, 370 
+32, 526 
+109, 270 
+96, 314 


117 
403 
862 
1,400 
3,347 
4,622 
6,798 
10,961 
16,422 
23,642 
29,762 
42,011 
52,508 
72,965 
90,311 
95,021 
102,355 
111, 631 


108 
390 
823 
1,415 
3,272 
4,589 
6,947 
10,357 
17,443 
23,661 
29,253 
42,466 
52,120 
74,001 
89,226 
93,440 
100,534 
110,658 
122,407 
136,043 
145,893 
152,356 
165, 802 
182,648 
195, 501 
201,541 
221, 515 
237,661 
246,961 
261.082 
283,558 
291,945 
300,728 
319, 890 
322, 628 
362, 161 
418,607 
489,506 
481, 316 
524,366 
574.774 
616, 120 
640,286 
687,365 
693, 675 
687,709 
711,986 
656, 886 
656,886 
590,846 
582,626 
578, 764 
632,633 
667, 621 
(") 














928,005 
50,604 
7,760 
( 8 ) 

1029 


27, 283 
171, 316 
112, 217 
116, 697 
132, 102 
126,683 
150,228 
206,623 
273,437 
295,328 
307,181 
271,880 




1866-1870 




44,368 
28,429 
23,808 
26,799 
24,111 
23,136 
41,639 
34,717 
35,911 
38,954 




1876-1880 




1881-1885-.-- 
1886-1890--- 
1891-1895 
1896-1900--- 
1899 






1177 




-10, 708 
-22,574 
-89, 112 
+46,380 
+63,068 
+77,244 
+44,875 
-42,573 
-23,004 
+24,782 
+86, 732 
-57, 334 
-89,423 
-18, 105 
+10,631 
+2,728 
-401 
-408 
-62, 676 
+48,478 
-853, 357 
-9, 033, 254 
-13,370,638 
+212, 475 
+86,724 
+313, 802 
+309,657 
+505,367 
+250,505 
+377, 768 
+635, 810 
+398, 828 
+184, 787 
+183, 789 
-90S, 717 
-901, 959 
-3, 147, 919 
-3, 063, 25" 
-3, 989, 496 
-3, 575, 358 
-4, 763, 842 
-2,811,318 








1900 






1901 






1902 






32,009 
37,665 
39,455 
43,521 


121,848 
134,224 
143,583 
152, 827 
167, 933 
183,585 
191, 479 
203,562 
224,129 
237,880 
246,744 
266,620 
284,135 
283,748 
312,058 
324, 526 
295,845 
274,941 
431,937 
463,49 
484,772 
532,828 
572.949 
599,59 
659, 820 
683,122 
693,634 
696.948 
705,484 
656, 463 
656,463 
588,172 
587,63 
586,733 
630, 795 
665,343 

09 


1903 




230,810 
232,904 
234,096 


8,926 
7,453 
4,859 




1904 






1905 






1906 




249, 150 
269,667 
251, 711 
246,213 
268.982 
289, 012 
293,029 
309,411 
308,660 
335,468 
387,765 
449,685 
872,028 
1, 296, 501 
1, 460, 082 
1, 390, 380 
1, 145, 125 
945,865 
953, 013 
828,638 
855,599 
644,422 
621,019 
607,308 
628,308 
569, 387 
569,387 
503,670 
858,218 
"1,822,642 
is 2,178,571 
132,086,276 
132,439,613 


4,880 
7,879 
9,732 
7,701 
6,356 
5,732 
5,393 
2,910 
2,572 
2,167 
1,888 
1,893 
1,969 
1,405 
1,910 
1,530 
895 
657 
522 




40,703 
56,081 
54,306 
49, 695 
45,539 
59,075 
54,283 
57,893 
55,940 
66,787 
54,759 
81,903 
247,950 
561, 204 
959,508 
718, 412 
538,43 
820, 077 
670, 728 
642,788 
544,932 
653, 859 
678,006 
492,653 
551,250 
608, 868 
381,273 
116, 794 
224,420 
161, 41 
179,33 
216, 219 
210, 344 


1907 






1908 






1909 






1910 


20,952 
33,517 
28,583 
35,006 
71,381 
80,202 
124, 937 
359,681 
2, 314, 006 
3, 018, 784 
3, 944, 949 
3,206,046 
2, 068, 128 
1, 678, 607 
1, 842, 144 




1911 




1912 


1913 




1914 


3,800 
3,500 


1915 


1916 


1917 


5,200 
48,631 
89,906 
5,213 


1918 


1919 


1920 


1921 


1922 


81 


1923 


1924 




1925 


1, 760, 538 
1, 982, 040 
2, 224, 993 
2, 173, 953 
2, 330, 712 
2, 410, 987 
1,880,89, 
1, 860, 39' 
1, 057, 336 
746,206 
817, 961 
1,099,119 
1,426,575 
2, 157, 527 


624 
754 
621 
385 
315 
396 
230 
230 
170 
103 
99 
87 

09 





1926 


1927 





1928 


1929 





1930 


1931 1J 
1931 " 


S78, 354 
378, 354 
327, 755 
250, 750 
313, 434 
343, 353 
386,812 
486,357 


::::::. 


1932" 
1933" 
1934" 
1935" 
1936 '2 
1937" 



1 Surplus or deficit takes into account public debt retirements chargeable against ordinary receipts begin- 
ning 1918. See p. 164 for expenditures chargeable against ordinary receipts. 

a Based on reports of the Post Office Department. Expenditures include adjusted losses, etc., postal 
funds, and expenditures from postal balances; they exclude departmental expenditures in Washington, 
D. C., to the close of the fiscal year 1922, and amounts transferred to the civil-service retirement and dis- 
ability fund, fiscal years 1921 to 1926; in 1927 to 1937 the 3H percent salary deductions are included. 

s Includes tonnage tax prior to 1932. Beginning 1932, tonnage tax is included in miscellaneous receipts. 

* On the basis of warrants issued 1789 to 1930; thereafter, on basis of checks issued. 

5 Average for period Mar. 4, 1789, to Dec. 31, 1800. 

e Averages are for entire period though there were no amounts under these items for certain years. 

-< Years ended Dec. 31, 1801 to 1842; average for 1841-1850 is for the period Jan. 1, 1841, to June 30, 1850. 

s Less than $500. Average for 1863 to 1865. i Average for 1881 and 1884. One year only, 1895. 

See headnote. 

13 See footnote 2, table 172, which applies here. 

u Sales of public lands included with miscellaneous receipts; postal revenues and expenditures not 
available. 



164 RECEIPTS AND EXPENDITURES U. S. GOVERNMENT 



No. 173. RECEIPTS AND EXPENDITURES OF THE GOVERNMENT Continued 

[In thousands of dollars] 



Yearly av- 
erage for 
year ended 
June 30 


Expenditures chargeable against ordinary receipts 


Total 


Ordinary expenditures 


Public 
debt 
retire- 
ments 


Total 


Civil and 
miscella- 
neous " 


War 
Depart- 
ment 15 


Navy 
Depart- 
ment 


In- 
dians" 


Bureau of 
Pensions 
and Vet- 
erans' 
Admin." 


Postal 
defi- 
cien- 
cies 16 1* 


Interest 
on the 
public 
debt 


1789-1800 _ 
1801-1810 19. 
1811-1820 19. 
1821-1830 19. 
1831-1840 1 9 . 
1841-1850 i_ 
1851-1860 
1861-1865... 
1866-1870 


5,776 
9,086 
23, 943 
16, 162 
24, 495 
34,097 
60,163 
683, 785 
377, 642 
287, 460 
255, 598 
257, 691 
279, 134 
363, 599 
457, 451 

605, 072 
520, 861 
524, 617 
485, 234 
517, 006 
583,660 
567, 279 
570, 202 
579, 129 
659, 196 
693, 744 
693, 617 
691, 202 
689, 881 
724, 512 
735, 081 
760, 587 
734, 056 
1, 977, 682 
12, 697, 837 
18, 522, 895 
6, 482, 090 
5, 538, 209 
3, 795, 303 
3, 697, 478 
3, 506, 678 
3, 529, 643 
3, 584, 988 
3, 493, 585 
3, 643, 520 
3, 848, 463 
3, 994, 152 
4, 219, 950 
4, 091, 598 
5, 153, 645 
5, 142, 954 
7, 105, 050 
7, 375, 825 
8, 879, 798 
8, 105, 159 


5,776 
9,086 
23,943 
16, 162 
24, 495 
34,097 
60, 163 
683, 785 
377,642 
287, 460 
255, 598 
257, 691 
279, 134 
363, 599 
457,451 

605, 072 
520, 861 
524, 617 
485, 234 
517,006 
583, 660 
567, 279 
570, 202 
579, 129 
659, 196 
693, 744 
693, 617 
691, 202 
689, 881 
724, 512 
735, 081 
760, 587 
734, 056 
1, 977, 682 
12, 696, 702 
18, 514, 880 
6, 403, 344 
5, 115, 928 
3, 372, 608 
3, 294, 628 
3, 048, 678 
3, 063, 105 
3, 097, 612 
2, 974, 030 
3, 103, 265 
3, 298, 859 
3, 440, 269 
S, 779, 868 
3, 651, 516 
4, 741, 015 
4, 681, 349 
6, 745, 186 
6, 802, 267 
8, 476, 558 
8, 001, 187 


829 
1,871 
2,589 
3,145 
5,616 
7,844 
21, 233 
25, 894 
54, 525 
68,635 
56, 269 
66,535 
79, 964 
94,299 
94, 519 

108, 459 
129, 178 
129, 561 
122, 696 
130, 586 
128, 950 
125, 554 
129, 346 
143, 502 
160, 558 
165, 049 
169, 709 
172, 043 
170, 502 
167, 816 
168,578 
198, 855 
190, 170 
1, 139, 622 
6, 073, 642 
6, 522, 338 
2, 662, 137 
1, 557, 901 
625, 406 
676, 542 
690, 292 
666, 179 
729, 112 
648, 989 
764, 561 
888,864 
993, 395 
1, 130, 346 
1, 102, 434 
2, 092, 828 
2, 189, 769 
4, 650, 318 
4, 356, 783 
4, 112, 913 
4, 770, 364 


1,464 
1,632 
10, 742 
3,919 
8,321 
13, 491 
15, 784 
547, 753 
127, 816 
40, 186 
37, 170 
43, 010 
40,085 
50, 326 
111, 276 

229, 841 
134, 775 
144, Q16 
112, 272 
118, 630 
165, 200 
126, 094 
137, 326 
149, 775 
175, 840 
192, 487 
189, 823 
197, 199 
184, 123 
202, 129 
208, 350 
202, 160 
183, 176 
377, 941 
4, 869, 955 
9, 009, 076 
1, 621, 953 
1, 118, 076 
457, 756 
397, 051 
357, 017 
370, 981 
364, 090 
369, 114 
400,990 
425, 947 
464,854 
487, 718 
478, 419 
477, 450 
449, 395 
408, 895 
489, 155 
618, 919 
628, 348 


20745 
1,637 
4,676 
3,295 
5,042 
7,619 
11, 997 
65, 330 
28, 383 
23, 327 
15, 990 
15, 863 
17, 872 
29, 185 
48, 086 

63, 942 
55, 953 
60,507 
67, 803 
82, 618 
102, 956 
117, 550 
110, 474 
97, 128 
118, 037 
115, 546 
123, 174 
119, 938 
135, 592 
133, 263 
139, 682 
141, 836 
153, 854 
239, 633 
1, 278, 840 
2,002,311 
736, 021 
650, 374 
476, 775 
333, 201 
332, 249 
346, 142 
312, 743 
318, 909 
331, 335 
364, 562 
374, 166 

S54, mi 

354, 071 
357, 618 
349, 562 
297, 029 
436, 448 
529, 032 
556, 884 


2.7 
164 
317 
599 
2,612 
1,458 
3,267 
3,203 
4,488 
7,504 
5,405 
7,328 
6,429 
10, 651 
11,832 

12,806 
10, 175 
10, 896 
10, 050 
12, 935 
10, 438 
14, 236 
12, 747 
15, 164 
14, 580 
15, 695 
18, 504 
20,934 
20,135 
20, 306 
20, 215 
22, 130 
17, 570 
30, 598 
30,888 
34, 593 
40, 517 
41, 471 
38,500 
45, 143 
46,754 
38, 755 
48,442 
36, 792 
36, 991 
34, 087 
32,067 
87, 489 
26, 779 
26,125 
22, 722 
23, 373 
27, 919 
28, 876 

(22) 


82 
79 
741 
1,248 
2,572 
1,790 
1,531 
4,858 
23, 428 
30, 684 
35, 601 
59, 510 
85, 057 
142, 935 
144,294 

141, 916 
143, 389 
141, 740 
140, 903 
140, 912 
144, 967 
144, 188 
143, 327 
141, 449 
155, 867 
163, 663 
162, 569 
159, 776 
155, 345 
177, 072 
175, 392 
166,067 
160, 885 
165, 145 
251, 412 
327, 003 
322, 349 
618, 832 
718, 823 
754, 241 
669, 125 
736, 025 
771, 780 
785, 943 
805, 543 
812, 370 
824, 726 
1, 013, 041 
932, 610 
984, 842 
863, 155 
556, 950 
607, 065 
2, 351, 383 
231,137,310 




2,629 
3,704 

4,877 














3,956 
20331 
1,701 
2,776 
34, 601 
135, 441 
111^580 
100, 191 
63, 742 
44,027 
29,402 
38, 164 

39, 897 
40, 160 
32, 343 
29,108 
28, 556 
24,646 
24, 591 
24, 309 
24, 481 
21, 426 
21, 804 
21, 343 
21,311 
22, 616 
22, 899 
22, 864 
22, 903 
22, 901 
24, 743 
189, 743 
619, 216 
1, 020, 252 
999, 145 
991, 001 
1, 055, 924 
940, 603 
881,807 
831, 938 
787, 020 
731, 764 
678, 330 
659, 348 
611,560 
611,560 
599, 277 
689, 365 
756, 617 
820, 926 
749, 397 
2 *866,384 








20195 
3,574 
2,146 
20 3, 562 
5,544 
4,972 
20 1, 702 
5,699 
6,801 
9,279 

8,212 
7,231 
4,955 
2,402 
2,769 
6,503 
15, 065 
12, 673 
7,629 
12,888 
19, 501 
8,496 










1871-1875... 
1876-1880... 
1881-1885... 
1886-1890 
1891-1895... 












1896-1900 
1899... 






1900 




1901 




1902 




1903 




1904- 




1905 




1906 




1907 




1908 




1909 




1910 




1911 _. 




1912... 


1,568 
1,027 




1913 




1914 




1915 


6,637 
5,500 

"2~22l 
344 
115 
130, 128 
64, 346 
32, 527 
12, 639 
23, 217 
39, 506 
27, 263 
32, 080 
94,700 
91, 714 
145, 644 
145, 644 
202, 876 
117, 380 
52,003 
63, 970 
86, 039 
41,897 




1916 




1917 


~~~1~134 
8,015 
78, 746 
422, 282 
422, 695 
402, 850 
458,000 
466, 538 
487, 376 
519, 555 
540, 255 
549, 604 
553, 884 
440, 082 
440, 082 
412, 630 
461, 605 
359, 864 
573, 558 
403, 240 
103, 971 


1918 


1919... 


1920 


1921. _. 


1922 ___ 


1923 


1924 


1925 


1926 


1927 


1928 


1929 


1930 


1931 21 
1931*1 
193J221 
193321 
193421... 
193521 
1936 21... 
1937" 



n Civil expenditures under War and Navy Departments at Washington are included in "Civil and 
miscellaneous" prior to 1916, thereafter under the War and Navy Departments, respectively. War Depart- 
ment includes expenditures for rivers and harbors and Panama Canal. 

i Figures for Indians atod prior to 1922, for postal deficiencies, are on the basis of warrants issued. 

1 7 Beginning 1931, figures represent expenditures for the Veterans' Administration, which includes the 
former Bureau of Pensions, Bureau of National Homes, and Veterans' Bureau. Prior to 1871, figures 
include only Army and Navy pensions and fees of examining surgeons; thereafter, they include also salarie s 
and expenses of Bureau of Pensions (except salaries and expenses, civil employees' retirement act) and 
pension agencies. Figures for 1917 to 1921 include expenditures by Bureau of War Bisk Insurance and for 
vocational rehabilitation, and for 1922 to 1930, Veterans' Bureau. All figures prior to 1923 and figures for 
Bureau of Pensions for 1923 to 1930 are on the basis of warrants issued. 

18 Exclusive of amounts transferred to civil service retirement and disability fund, 
i' See notes on corresponding periods, p. 163. 

20 See note 6, p. 163. 21 see headnote p. 163. 22 included in miscellaneous. 

23 Includes Adjusted Service Certificate Fund payments amounting to $556,665,000 of which $500,158,000 
represents amount certified for payment to U. S. Government Life Insurance Fund in bonds on account 
of liens against certificates. For Adjusted Service Certificate Fund payments for earlier years, see table 
174, p. 165. 

2 * Includes $22,507,000 interest on bonds issued to U. S. Government Life Insurance Fund, referred, to 
in note 23. 

Source: Reports of the Treasury Department. 



RECEIPTS AND EXPENDITURES U. S. GOVERNMENT 



165 



No. 174. RECEIPTS AND EXPENDITURES: BY MAJOR CLASSIFICATIONS 

NOTE. In thousands of dollars. Figures are for years ended June 30. They are on the basis of daily 
Treasury statements (unrevised). See general note, p. 162 





1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1936 


GENERAL AND SPECIAL ACCOUNTS 

Receipts, totaL 


2, 005, 725 


2, 079, 697 


3, 115, 554 


3,800,467 


4,115,957 


Internal revenue ... . . . 


1, 561, 006 


1, 604, 424 


2, 640, 604 


3, 277, 690 


3, 512, 851 


Income tax 


1, 057, 336 


746,206 


817, 961 


1, 099, 119 


1, 426, 575 


Miscellaneous internal revenue - . . - - 


503, 670 


858,218 


1, 469, 594 


1, 657, 192 


2, 009, 627 


Procftssing tax f>n f arr n prndiicts 






353,049 


521, 380 


76,649 


Customs ----- 


327,755 


250,750 


313, 434 


343,353 


386,812 


Principal and interest foreign obligations 




98,758 


20,430 


668 


547 


Proceeds of other Government-owned securities . - 


22,368 


32, 091 


57, 415 


38,106 


90,361 


Panama Canal tolls, etc 


22,588 


23,268 


27,103 


24,704 


25,900 


Seigniorage 






517 


58,035 


39,267 


Other miscellaneous . _ . . . 


72,008 


70,407 


56,050 


57, 911 


60,219 


General expenditures, total . 


4, 260, 910 


3, 866, 158 


3. 102, 652 


3,719.295 


5, 588, 870 


D epartmental , total * 


958, 289 


806, 791 


341, 335 


355, 993 


442,994 


legislative fist.ahlishmp.nt 


27,319 


21, 477 


17,653 


19,624 


21 516 


Executive proper . . ... 


425 


369 


359 


458 


425 


State Department 


18,882 


15,226 


11, 121 


15, 861 


16, 816 


Treasury Department 3 - . 


287,945 


267,505 


108,538 


121,863 


132, 289 


War Department (nonmilitary) 3 4 






4,110 


2,128 


1,486 


Department of Justice ------ 


51,639 


44,088 


31,599 


32,279 


37,842 


Post Office Department 


126 


58 


12,206 


6 H 


8 178 


Interior Department 


81,445 


74,580 


45 922 


55 211 


8 79 970 


Department of Agriculture . . 


7 318, 976 


7 250, 981 


58,363 


62,037 


76, 749 


Department of Commerce 


52,700 


45 968 


27 452 


32 316 


35 134 


Department of Labor - _ . 


14, 701 


13, 678 


10,832 


13, 012 


15,254 


U. S. Shipping Board Bureau... 


51,541 


28,519 


4 9, 544 


11, S48 


* It, 109 


Other independent offices and commissions 


52,545 


45,237 


22,365 


29,473 


40,195 


Unclassified items 


45 


* 895 


360 


5 490 


2,068 


Adjustment for checks outstanding 








6 416 


4 46S 


Public building construction and sites, Treas. Dept J3 






75 516 


25,269 


15,045 


Public highways J 










28 800 


River and harbor work 2 . _ 


116, 799 


118 391 


78 281 


55 119 


71,399 


National defense: 
Army 3 4 


349 989 


318 331 


205 306 


212 187 


373 015 


Navy 


357, 618 


349 562 


274 388 


321 411 


391 424 


Veterans' Administration 2 . -..._. 


784,842 


763, 155 


506,549 


555, 573 


575, 982 


Adjusted service certificate fund 


200,000 


100 000 


50 000 


50 000 


1,773 493 


Agricultural Adjustment Administration 8 






279,723 


561, 540 


504,674 


Farm Credit Administration 8 




&1 468 


23 123 


12 979 


11 551 


Agricultural marketing fund (net) 9 


136, 239 


S, 255 








Distribution of wheat and cotton for relief 




34,241 








Tennessee Valley Authority 8 










21, 017 


Refunds of receipts: 
Customs _ _ 


17 203 


12 577 


14,046 


20 716 


14 085 


Internal revenue. 


83,922 


57,763 


48 664 


24,532 


30,100 


Processing tax on farm products 






1 195 


31 208 


10 082 


Postal deficiency 


202, 876 


117,380 


52,003 


63,970 


86,039 


Railroad Retirement Act, administrative expenses 










270 


Social Security Act: I0 
Administrative expenses _ 










625 


Grants to States 










27 821 


Panama Canal 3 


10,662 


12 673 


9 197 


8 766 


11,448 


Civil-service retirement fund (Government share) 
Foreign service retirement fund (Government share) - 
Canal Zone retirement fund 


20,850 
215 


20,850 
416 


20,850 
293 


20,850 
159 


40,000 
162 
500 


District of Columbia (Government share) a 


9,500 


7,775 


5,700 


4,539 


5,708 


Interest on the public debt 


599 277 


689 365 


756 617 


820 926 


749 397 


Public debt retirements 


412, 630 


461, 605 


359, 864 


573, 558 


403,240 


Sinking fund 


412, 555 


425 660 


359 491 


573 001 


403 239 


Received from foreign countries under debt settle- 
ments - . 




33,887 


358 






Estate taxes, forfeitures, gifts, etc--- 


75 


2,058 


15 


557 


2 



'Recovery and relief expenditures (except R. F. C. and subscriptions to stock, Federal land banks) 
were not classified separately prior to 1934 and are included in general expendit ures. 
i Additional recovery and relief expenditures are included under "Public works." 
3 Public building construction and sites, Treasury Department, and War Department (nonmilitary), are 
included under Treasury Department, departmental, and national defense Army .respectively, prior to 1934. 

* Expenditures for 1936 include adjustments in classification of repayments to appropriations deposited 
by Army disbursing officers in 1934 and 1935, as follows: Increase National defense, Army (general 
expenditures), $65,582,000. Decrease War Department, nonmilitary (general expenditures), $607,000; 
emergency conservation work, $50,790,000, public works, all other, for War Department, nonmilitary, 
$640,000; public works, national defense, Army, $13, 072, 000; trust accounts, other, $473,000. 

c Excess of credits, deduct. 

Includes $13,889,000 for Boulder Canyon project; see also this project under "Public works", p. 166. 

7 Includes road construction. 

8 Additional expenditures under this account are shown under recovery and relief expenditures. 

8 Beginning May 27, 1933, repayments of loans from Agricultural Marketing Fund, Federal Farm Board, 
and interest thereon, are reflected as credits in expenditures of Farm Credit Administration. 

10 Expenditures by Social Security Board, Department of Commerce, Department of Labor, and Treasury 
Department. 



166 



EXPENDITURES^ U. S. GOVERNMENT 



No. 174. RECEIPTS AND EXPENDITURES: BY MAJOR CLASSIFICATIONS Contd. 
[In thousands of dollars. Figures are for years ended June 30] 





1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1936 


GENERAL AND SPECIAL ACCOUNTS Continued 

Recovery and relief expenditures, total 1 . 


892, 735 


1, 276, 796 


4, 002, 398 


3, 656, 530 


3, 290, 928 


Agricultural aid: 
Agricultural Adjustment Administration n 






9,332 
164, 342 

346, 333 
46,155 

667, 299 
40, 054 
805, 123 
331, 941 


150, 279 
5 60, 144 

13 141, 391 
48, 047 

131,744,423 
76, 571 
11,327 
435, 509 
80, 561 

23,821 
137, 707 
66, 231 
317, 357 

32, 757 


27, 850 
129, 715 

S3, 223 
60,487 

487, 428 
8,164 
676 
486, 281 
2,882 

10, 024 
172, 116 
s 127, 882 
215, 096 

52, 942 
1, 263, 661 
152, 319 

9,639 
137, 608 
206, 547 

17, 696 


Commodity Credit Corporation 12 






Farm Credit Administation, including Federal 
Farm Mortgage Corporation 1J 12 


61, 867 
125, 000 

(") 


73, 804 
*243 

37, 910 


Federal land banks .. 


Relief: 
Federal Emergency Relief Administration 12 


Federal Surplus Commodities Corporation 12 


Civil Works Administration 12 






Emergency conservation work 15 






Department cf Agriculture relief 






Public works: 
Boulder Canyon project ll 






19, 445 
78, 596 
70, 739 
267, 882 

3,190 


Loans and grants to States, municipalities, etc 






Loans to railroads 






Public highways n _ 






Public building construction and sites, Treasury 
Department 11 .. . 






Works Progress Administration 






River and harbor works J1 






72, 450 

38,023 
22, 641 
69, 431 

38, 476 
153, 000 
755 
369 


147, 925 

61, 299 
115, 037 
118, 278 

200 
46, 000 
29,487 
6,480 
15, 964 
1,762 
3,662 
2, 616 
498 
12, 497 
^141,927 
36, 149 


National defense: 
Army 15 






Navy 






All other, including administrative expense 15 






Aid to home owners: 
Home loan system: 
Homo loan bank, capital stock 




42, 970 
1,000 


Home Owners' Loan Corporation, capital stock 




Federal savings and loan associations 




19, 689 
24,906 
14, 505 
137, 908 
108 
19, 581 


Emergency housing 






Federal Housing Administration 12 






Rfi<?pttlfimflnt A dministration 








Subsistence homesteads 






2,372 
2,654 
149, 502 
6,632 
584, 623 
11,037 


Export-Import Banks of Washington 12 






Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation 






Administration for Industrial Recovery 






5,111 

s 288, 722 
27, 815 


Reconstruction Finance Corp., direct operations 


705, 868 


1, 121, 354 


Tennessee Valley Authority n. ... 


Total general and emergency expenditures 
Excess of expenditures over receipts. 


5, 153, 645 


5, 142, 954 


7, 105. 050 


7, 375, 825 


8, 879, 798 


3, 147, 919 
412, 630 
2, 735, 290 

115,503 


3, 063, 257 
461,605 
2, 601, 652 

158, 659 


3, 989, 496 
359, 864 
3, 629, 632 

2, 973, 556 


3, 575, 358 
573, 558 
3, 001, 800 

371,510 


4, 763, 842 
403, 240 
4, 360, 601 

434,351 


Less public debt retirements 


Excess of expenditures excl. public debt retirements. . 

TRUST ACCOUNTS, INCREMENT ON GOLD, ETC. 16 

Receipts, totaL 


Trust accounts: 
District of Columbia, . .. . 


36, 894 
71,907 


33, 357 
71, 145 
5,793 
40, 089 
262 
561 
2,777 


33, 254 
72, 026 
4,807 
39, 238 
262 
595 
4,640 


47, 957 
69, 532 
5,781 
40, 740 
284 
549 
6,681 

28,951 
31,812 

*2,627 

1,738 
140, 111 


41, 552 
70, 341 
10, 468 
43, 962 
291 
585 
6,861 

19, 062 
43, 361 
2,344 

784 
175, 78 9 
18, 94 9 


Government life insurance fund 


Adjusted service certificate fund 17 _ . . 


Civil service retirement fund 17 




Foreign service retirement fund 17 ._ . .. 




Canal Zone retirement fund 17 




Indian tribal funds 


3,089 


Territories and possessions, internal revenue, pro- 
cessing taxes, etc 


Other i 


3,613 


4,675 


6,998 
359 

2, 811, 376 


Unclassified items 


Increment resulting from reduction in weight of gold 
dollar 






Seigniorage 18 






Unemployment trust fund 









I Recovery and relief expenditures (except R. F. C. and subscriptions to stock, Federal land banks) 
were not classified seperately prior to 1934 and are included in general expenditures. 

8 Excess of credits, deduct. 

II Additional expenditures under this account are shown under general expenditures. General expendi- 
tures for Boulder Canyon project, included under Interior Department, are given separately in note 6, p. 165. 

! Figures include expenditures from funds allocated by the Reconstruction Finance Corporation. 

13 Revised to adjust classification. 

" Advances to States under 1932 Relief Act of $298,560,000 are included under Reconstruction Finance 
Corporation, direct loans and expenditures. 

See note 4, p. 165. 

18 Receipts and expenditures on account of contributed funds are included in "Other" trust funds begin- 
ning with 1934; prior to 1934, such receipts and expenditures were included under special accounts. 

" Since July 1, 1932, deductipns from salaries credited to the civil service, foreign service, and Canal 
Zone retirement funds and earnings from investments of such funds and of adjusted service certificate fund 
have been classified as receipts; prior thereto, such items were used to offset expenditures for these funds. 

18 Resulting from issuance of silver certificates against silver acquired under Silver Purchase Act of 1934. 



EXPENDITURES U. S. GOVERNMENT 



167 



No. 174. RECEIPTS AND EXPENDITURES: BY MAJOR CLASSIFICATIONS Contd. 

[In thousands of dollars. Figures are for years ended June 30] 





1933 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1936 


TRUST ACCOUNTS, INCREMENT ON GOLD, ETC. Contd. 

Expenditures, total 


120, 681 


163, 669 


2, 138, 676 


5150,546 


708, 658 


Trust accounts: 
Dist. of Columbia, incl. teachers' retirement fund 
Government life insurance fnnri 


39,525 
74345 
6, OS6 
10 

*0 

5*6 

9,723 
2,943 
205 


34,604 
70,399 
9,420 
40,067 
258 
539 
4,476 
3,791 
117 


30,690 
71, 498 
6,233 
38,483 
265 
575 
1,618 
*10,843 
156 


42,811 
68,694 
6,529 
40,784 
302 
575 
1,295 
4,667 
304 

s&9,5g9 


46,011 
68,460 
12, SOO 
43,491 
272 
581 
13,032 
47,309 
4 1, 7S4 

80,789 


Adjusted service certificate fund 


Civil service retirement fund 


Foreign service retirement fund 


CanaF Zone retirement fund. . . ._____.____. 


Indian tribal funds 


Other 15 19 


Unclassified items 


Transactions in checking accounts of governmental 
agencies (net) * - -- - - - - - 


Chargeable against increment on gold: 
Exchange stabilization fund 






2,000,000 


Melting losses, etc - 






675 

20,932 
91, 416 


792 

5,614 
397, 422 
18,909 


Payments to Federal Reserve banks, sec. 13b, Fed- 
eral Reserve Act, as amended . 








For retirement of national bank notes 








Unemployment trust fund investments 








Excess of receipts (+) or expenditures ( ) 










-5, 178 


-5, 010 


+834,880 


+522,056|-274,.307 





Excess of credits, deduct. " See note 4, p. 165. See note 16, p. 166. 

The figures for 1935 include $333,245,000, which amount represents transfers on May 31, 1935, of balances 
in checking accounts of certain special agencies of the Government. The figures since that date represent 
net transactions of those agencies. 



Source: Reports of the Treasury Department. 
United States Treasury. 



Data published currently in Daily Statement of the 



No. 175. DETAILS OF EXPENDITURES: YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 1936 

NOTE. Figures are on the basis of checks issued. See general note, p. 162 



Object of expenditure 



Amount 



Object of expenditure 



Amount 



GENERAL AND SPECIAL ACCOUNTS 

Legislative : 

U. S. Senate 

House of Representatives 

Legislative, miscellaneous 

Architect of Capitol 

Recovery and relief 

Botanic Garden 

Library of Congress 1 

Recovery and relief 

Government Printing Office * 

Total legislative ! 

General 

Recovery and relief 

Executive office. ... 



Independent offices : 
American Battle Monuments Com'n . . 

Board of Tax Appeals J 

Calif. Pacific International Exposition . 
Central Statistical Board 

Recovery and relief 

Civil Service Commission 

Recovery and relief 

Electric Home and Farm Authority, 

Inc., recovery and relief. 

Employees Compensation Com 'n.i 

Recovery and relief 

Federal Alcohol Control Administration, 

recovery and relief. 

Federal Communications Com'n 

Fed. Coordinator of Transportation 

Recovery and relief 

Federal Home Loan Bank Board 1 3 

Federal Power Commission 

Recovery and relief. 

Federal Prison Industries, Inc 



1,000 
dollars 
3,716 
8,362 
12 

3,517 

1,439 

109 

2,650 

189 

4.715 



23,082 

21,453 

1,629 



425 



216 
516 
163 
137 
71 

2,467 
108 

245 
6,411 
1,713 



2,292 
539 
48 
774 

1,029 
457 

'986 



GENERAL AND SPECIAL ACCOUNTS COntd. 

Independent offices Continued. 

Federal Trade Commission 

Recovery and relief 

General Accounting Office 1 

Recovery and relief 

Great Lakes Exposition 

Interstate Commerce Commission 

Nat'l. Adv'y. Com'tee for Aeronautics 1 

Recovery and relief. 

National Archives 

National Banking Emergency Act.. -. 
National Capital Park and Planning 

Commission 1 

National Emergency Council, recovery 

and relief 

National. Labor Relations Board 

Recovery and relief. -_ 

National Mediation Board 

Nat' I Resources Com'tee, rec. and relief... 
Prison Industries Reorganization Ad- 
ministration, recovery and relief. 

Railroad Admn. and Transp'n. Act 

Securities and Exchange Com'n.i 

Smithsonian Institution 

Texas Centennial Exposition 

U. S. Supreme Court Building Com- 
mission, building 

U. S. Tariff Commission 

War Finance Corporation 

Operations under Mineral Act of 1918 . . 

Miscl. commissions, boards, etc 

Recovery and relief 

Railroad Retirement Act, administra- 
tive expenses J 

Canal Zone retirement fund 1 

Civil Service retirement fund L 



1,000 
dollars 
1,846 
48 

7,945 

2,982 

61 

6,072 

1,250 

178 

350 

47 

642 

1,480 
652 
368 
344 
773 

64 

6,806 

2,980 

1,371 

876 



943 
88 
109 
184 
65 

351 

500 

40,000 



1 For trust fund expenditures, see p. 171. * Excess of credits, deduct. 

3 Savings and loan promotion, Federal Home Loan Bank Board, stated under "Miscellaneous recovery 
and relief', p. 168. 



168 



EXPENDITURES U. S. GOVERNMENT 



No. 175. DETAILS OF EXPENDITURES: YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 1936 Continued 



Object of expenditure 



GENERAL AND SPECIAL ACCOUNTS COntd. 

Independent Offices Continued. 
Social Security Board: 

Administrative expenses 

Grants to States .... 



Veterans' Administration: 

Salaries and expenses 

Administrative expenses, Adjusted 

Compensation Payment Act, 1936. 
Adjusted service and dependent pay. 
Hospital and domiciliary facilities 

and services 

Military and naval insurance 

Emergency Relief: 

Administrative expenses... 

Construction and improvement of 
buildings, etc 

Administrative, medical, hospital, 
and domiciliary services, N. /. JJ.-- 
Army and Navy pensions 

Miscellaneous 1 



Total 

General -... 

Recovery and relief 

Adjusted service certificate appro- 
priated fund 1 

Total, Veterans' Admn. 1 

General 

Recovery and relief. 

Farm Credit Administration: 5 

Salaries and expenses 

Agric'l marketing revolving fund 

Farmers' crop production and harvest- 
ing loans, recovery and relief. 

Agricultural credits and rehabilita- 
tion, emergency relief 

Emergency crop loans 

Loans and relief to farmers in storm, 
flood, and drought-stricken areas 

Recovery and relief 

Miscellaneous 1 , 

Recovery and relief 

Total, Farm Credit Admn. 1 

General 

Recovery and relief. 

Miscellaneous recovery and relief: 

Federal Emergency Relief Admin* 

Federal Civil Works Administration. .. 

Emergency Conservation Work 

Fed. Emerg. Adm. of Public Works: 

Administrative expenses 

Loans and grants to States, munici- 
palities, railroads, etc. 1 

Rural Electrification Administration.. 

Works Progress Administration 

Federal Emergency Housing 

Subsistence homesteads 

Resettlement Administration 1 

Savings and loan promotion, Federal 

Home Loan Bank Board 

Commodity Credit Corporation 8 

Export-Import Banks of Washing- 
ton* 

Nat' I Industrial Recovery Admin 

Tennessee Valley Authority 

Recovery and relief. 



Total, independent offices '_ 

General 

Recovery and relief. 



Amount 



1,000 
dollars 

592 
29,361 



80, 476 

1,841 

1,088 

1,889 
94, 155 

10 

914 

1,005 
399, 066 

225 



580, 418 

578, 490 

1,928 

- 

1, 773, 544 



2, 353, 963 
2, 352, 034 

1,928 

5,999 
6,618 

2 tO, 656 



12, 204 

28,437 

2 8, 109 

*529 

2577 



2 5, 464 

11, 675 

2 17, 1S8 

e 493, 386 

6703 

" 59S, 466 

86, 343 

61,087 

1,425 

1,305,803 

22, 308 

1,953 

143,479 

314 



85 

4,563 
48, 730 
26, 912 



5, 172, 345 
2, 497, 192 
f , 675, 15S 



Object of expenditure^ 



GENERAL AND SPECIAL ACCOUNTS COntd. 

Department of Agriculture : 

Office of the Secretary 

Recovery and relief. 

Office of Information 



Library. 

Office of Experiment Stations 

Special research fund 

Extension Service 

Recovery and relief. 

Cooperative extension work 

Weather Bureau 

Recovery and relief 

Bureau of Animal Industry 

Recovery and relief 

Meat inspection, Bu. of Animal Ind 

Bureau ofDairylndustry 

Recovery and relief. 

Bureau of Plant Industry 

Recovery and relief. 

Forest Service J 

Recovery and relief 

Payments to States and Territories 

from national forest funds 

Bureau of Chemistry and Soils 

Recovery and relief 

Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quar- 
antine 

Recovery and relief 

Bureau of Biological Survey 

Recovery and relief 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics 

Bureau of Agricultural Engineering 

Recovery and relief 

Bureau of Home Economics 

Enforcement of Grain Futures Act 

Food and Drug Administration 

Recovery and relief 

Conservation Service 

Recovery and relief 

Miscellaneous l 

Recovery and relief 



Total, Agriculture, departmental l .. 

General 

Recovery and relief. 



Conservation and use of agricultural 
land resources 

Agricultural Adjustment Admn.: 

Advances to Agr. Adj. Admn 

Advances to Dept. of Agriculture 
under Tobacco Act of June 28, 1934. 

Administration of cotton act of 1934. . 

Exportation and domestic consump- 
tion of agricultural commodities 

Agricultural contract adjustments. . . 

Purchase of sugar from processing 
taxes 

Salaries and expenses, recov. and relief. 

Advances to Secretary of Agriculture 
for cotton, recovery and relief- 

Administration of codes, Nat'l Ind. 
Recov., recovery and relief. 

N. I. R. allotment, rec. and relief. 

Elimination of diseased cattle, recovery 
and relief. 

Return of advances from processing 



Total, Agr. Adjustment Admn.i 9 
General 

Recovery and relief. 



Amount 



1 For trust fund expenditures, see p. 171. 2 Excess of credits, deduct. 

4 For additional expenditures, see under Treasury Department and Departments of Commerce and Labor; 
total expenditures under Social Security Act, $34,714,000 (administrative, $739,000; grants to States, $33,975,000). 

Exclusive of expenditures from Reconstruction Finance Corporation funds. 

Federal Emergency Relief Administration includes $620 and Federal Civil Works Administration 
$27,150 general expenditures. 

7 Includes the $50,790,000 deducted in the daily Treasury statement to adjust classification of repayments 
to appropriations between "National defense, Army", and "Emergency conservation work" referred to in 
footnote 4, p. 165, and also $60,198,000 in transfer and counter settlement by the General Accounting Office 
relating to 1935. 

8 Exclusive of $490,000 for "Conservation and use of agricultural land resources", stated below. 
Exclusive of ".Refunding processing taxes" stated on p. 169. 



EXPENDITURES U. S. GOVERNMENT 



169 



No. 175. DETAILS OF EXPENDITURES: YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 1936 Con. 



Object of expenditure 



Amount 



Object of expenditure 



Amount 



GENERAL AND SPECIAL ACCOUNTS COntd. 

Department of Agriculture Continued. 

Refunding processing taxes 

Public highways, including grade- 
crossing elimination, etc 

Recovery and relief '. 

Loans and relief in stricken agricultural 
areas, recovery and relief. 



Total, Department of Agriculture l 

General 

Recovery and relief 

Department of Commerce : 
Office of the Secretary 

Recovery and relief 

Bureau of Air Commerce 

Recovery and relief 

Bur. of For. and Domestic Commerce.- 

Recovery and relief 

Bureau of the Census 

Recovery and relief 

Bureau of Navigation and Steamboat 
Inspection 

Recovery andrelief 

National Bureau of Standards 

Recovery and relief.. 

Bureau of Lighthouses 

Recovery and relief 

Coast and Geodetic Survey 

Recovery and relief 

Bureau of Fisheries 1 

Recovery and relief 

Patent Office 1 

Miscellaneous 1 ... 



Total, Commerce, departmental '*.. 

General 

Recovery and relief 



Soc. Sec. Act, administrative expenses n 
U. S. Shipping Board Bureau 

Total, Department of Commerce l -. 

General 

Recovery and relief 

Department of the Interior : 
Office of the Secretary 

Recovery and relief 

Petroleum Administration 

Recovery and relief 

National Bituminous Coal Com 

Puerto Rico Reconstruction Adminis- 
tration, recovery and relief. 

General Land Office 1 

Recovery and relief. 

Bureau of Reclamation ! 

Recovery and relief 

Geological Survey 

Recovery and relief 

National Park Service 1 

Recovery and relief 

Office of Education 

Recovery and relief 

Government in the Territories 1 

Recovery and relief 

Beneficiaries l 

Recovery and relief '. 

Bureau of Mines 

Recovery and relief 

Miscellaneous 1 

Recovery and relief 

Indian Affairs: l 

Salaries and general expenses 

Recovery and relief 

Education 

General support and administration. 
Recovery and relief 

Miscellaneous expenses 

Recovery and relief. 



1,000 
dollars 
9,063 

245,598 
214,344 

9,604 



937, 173 
637, 421 
299, 753 



2,105 

1,151 

6,978 

6S9 

2,887 

37 

10 9, 043 
6,186 

1,797 
1 

1,843 
84 

10,530 
780 



645 

1,639 

152 



44,748 
35, 070 
9,676 



12, 114 



32. 685 
23,019 
9,676 



1,450 
608 
255 



" 6, 188 

3,274 

fl 

25,935 

24,584 

3,295 

1,138 

23,593 

12, 996 

15, 346 

418 

4,927 

1,285 

3,043 

1,058 

2,212 

SIS 

786 

27 

6,912 
5,357 
8,199 
2,382 

160 
10, 982 

620 



GENERAL AND SPECIAL ACCOUNTS COHtd. 

Department of the Interior Continued. 
Interest on Indian tribal funds 

Total, Interior, departmental 1 

General 

Recovery and relief 

Boulder Canyon project 

Recovery and relief. 

Puerto Rico Reconstruction Admin., 
housing, recovery and relief. 

Total, Department of the Interior > 

General 

Recovery and relief 

Department of Justice : 

Office of the Attorney General: 

Salaries and expenses 

Miscellaneous objects 

Bureau of Prisons 

Federal Bureau of Investigation 

Tax and Penalties Unit 

Veterans' Insurance Litigation 

Miscellaneous 

The Judiciary: 
Salaries and expenses, Supreme 

Court... 

Salaries and expenses of judges 

Court of Customs and Patent Ap- 
peals 

United States Customs Court 

Court of Claims.. 

Territorial Courts 

Panama Canal zone, salaries, Dis- 
trict Court _ 

U. S. Court for China 

Expenses, etc., United States courts l 

Miscl. and special deposit accts. 1 

Private relief acts 

Penal and correctional institutions L_. 
Recovery and relief. 

Total, Department of Justice 1 

General 

Recovery and relief 

Department of Labor: 
Office of the Secretary ... 

Recovery and relief 

Bureau of Labor Statistics 

Recovery and relief 

Immigration and Naturalization Serv- 
ice. 

Recovery and relief 

Children's Bureau 

Women's Bureau 

U. S. Employment Service 

Recovery and relief '. 

Textile Labor Relations Board, recovery 

andrelief 

Miscellaneous 

Recovery and relief 

Total, Labor, departmental J 

General 

Recovery and relief. 

Social Security Act: 

Administrative expenses . 

Grants to States.... 



Total, Department of Labor L 
ieral._ 



General 

Recovery and relief 

Navy Department (national defense) : 

Salaries, Navy Department 

Contingent expenses, etc 

Office of the Secretary 

Recovery and relief 

Bureau of Navigation 



1 For trust fund expenditures, see p. 171. 
a Excess of credits, deduct. 

Exclusive of expenditures under the Social Security Act stated below. 

1 For total expenditures under the Social Security Act, see note 4, p. 168 
Exclusive of $264,000 for housing stated below. 



1,000 
dollars 
400 

121, 820 
65,482 
65,887 

23,772 
9,591 



145, 356 
79,664 
65, 692 



2,171 
636 
241 

5,369 

219 

753 

21 



553 
2,327 

116 
247 
235 
89 
45 

44 

14,260 

J7S 

135 

11, 048 

706 



38, 335 

37,628 

706 

: 

1,286 

199 

1,095 

44 

9,732 

186 

10372 

153 

13, 974 

11, 068 

81 
129 

U 



15,231 
11,593 



85 
2,162 



29, 070 
17, 478 
11,593 



3,808 
730 

1,775 
147 

7,994 



170 



EXPENDITURES U. S. GOVERNMENT 



No. 175. DETAILS OF EXPENDITURES: YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 1936 Continued 



Object of expenditure 



Amount 



Object of expenditure 



Amount 



GENEEAL AND SPECIAL ACCOUNTS COntd 

Navy Department (nat'l defense) Con. 

Naval Academy. 

Bureau of Engineering 

Recovery and relief. 

Bureau of Construction and Repair. . 

Bure