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BOSTON 

PUBLIC 

LIBRARY 




U.S. Department of Justice 

Immigration and Naturalization Service 



1986 

Statistical Yearbook 

of the Immigration 

and Naturalization Service 



U.S. Department of Justice 

Immigration & Naturalization Service 



1986 

Statistical Yearbook 

of the Immigration 

and Naturalization Service 











# IV 




Issued October 1987 




IMMIGRATION AND NATURALIZATION SERVICE 



Alan C. Nelson, Commissioner 

Mark W. Everson, Deputy Commissioner 



OFFICE OF PLANS AND ANALYSIS 
John E. Nahan, Director 

PLANNING STAFF 
Lisa S. Roney, Director 



October 1987 



This report was prepared under the direction of Robert Warren, Chief, Statistical Analysis Branch. Michael 
D. Hoefer was responsible for coordination of procedures, compilation, and data processing. 

Copies of each Statistical Yearbook from 1965 to 1986 (entitled Annual Report prior to 1978) can be purchas- 
ed from the National Technical Information Service (NTIS), 5285 Port Royal Rd., Springfield, VA 22161. Phone: 
(703) 487-4650. The NTIS order number for this report is PB87-217238. 



Library of Congress 

National Serials Data Program 

International Standard Serial Number: 

(ISSN) 0743-538X 



Suggested Citation 

U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service, Statistical Yearbook of the Immigration 
and Naturalization Service, 1986, U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1987 




PAGE LOCATOR 



IMMIGRANTS 




REFUGEES 
ASYLEES 



NONIMMIGRANTS 




NATURALIZATIONS 




ENFORCEMENT 



ENTRIES 

LITIGATION 

LEGAL ACTIVITY 



GLOSSARY 






1986 Statistical Yearbook 
of the Immigration and 
Naturalization 
Service 

Contents 



General Information 

Page 

Introduction xiii 

I. Immigrants xv 

II. Refugees xxii 

III. Asylees xxv 

IV. Nonimmigrants xxvi 

V. Naturalizations xxxi 

VI. Enforcement xxxv 

VII. Entries xxxviii 

VIII. Public Use Tapes xxxix 

IX. Data Gaps xl 



Maps, Charts, Text Tables 

Maps 

Map of the United States showing immigrants admitted by state of intended residence per 100,000 popula- 
tion: fiscal year 1986 x 

Map of the United States showing refugees and asylees granted lawful permanent resident status by state 

of residence per 100,000 population: fiscal year 1986 xli 

Charts 

Immigrants admitted, calendar years 1970-79 by region of birth and naturalizations of those immigrants: fiscal 

years 1970-86 xi 

Nonimmigrants admitted as temporary workers, intracompany transferees, and exchange visitors from top 

twenty countries of citizenship: fiscal year 1986 xii 

Immigrants admitted by region of birth: selected fiscal years 1955-86 xiv 

Immigrants admitted by major type of admission: fiscal years 1982 and 1986 xlii 



Charts-Continued 

Page 

A. Immigrants admitted: fiscal years 1900-86 xvi 

B. Immigrants admitted as immediate relatives of U.S. citizens: fiscal years 1977-86 xx 

C. Percent age and sex distribution of U.S. population and immigrants admitted in fiscal year 1986 ... xxi 

D. Refugee and asylee initial admissions and admissions to lawful permanent resident status: fiscal 

years 1946-86 xxii 

E. Refugees and asylees granted lawful permanent resident status by decade and selected region of 

birth: fiscal years 1946-86 xxiv 

F. Nonimmigrants admitted by selected class of admission from top ten countries of citizenship: fiscal 

year 1986 xxvii 

G. Nonimmigrants admitted: fiscal years 1975-86 xxviii 

H. Nonimmigrants admitted by selected class and month of admission: calendar years 1983-86 xxix 

I. Persons naturalized by provision of law: fiscal years 1908-86 xxxi 

J. Persons naturalized by decade and selected region of birth: fiscal years 1951-86 xxxii 

K. Immigrants admitted, calendar years 1970-79 by selected country of birth and naturalizations of 

those immigrants: fiscal years 1970-86 xxxiv 

L. Aliens apprehended: fiscal years 1951-86 xxxvi 

M. Estimated primary inspection admissions for top twenty ports of entry: fiscal year 1986 xxxix 

Text Tables 

A. Worldwide limited immigrants (270,000 annually) xv 

B. Percent of immigrants admitted by region and period: fiscal years 1955-86 xvii 

C. Immigrants admitted from top fifteen countries of birth: fiscal year 1986 xviii 

D. Immigrants admitted by major category of admission: fiscal year 1986 xix 

E. Nonimmigrants admitted from top fifteen countries of last residence, ranked by change: fiscal 

years 1975-86 xxix 

F. Median years of residence by year of naturalization and region of birth: selected fiscal years 

1960-86 xxxiii 



Detailed Tables 

Immigrants 

1 . Immigration to the United States: fiscal years 1820-1986 1 

2. Immigration by region and selected country of last residence: fiscal years 1820-1986 2 

3. Immigrants admitted by region and selected country of birth: fiscal years 1976-86 6 

4. Immigrants admitted by type and class of admission: fiscal years 1980-86 8 

5. Immigrants admitted by class of admission and region and selected foreign state of chargeability under the 

worldwide numerical limitation: fiscal year 1986 12 

6. Immigrants admitted by type of admission and region and selected country of birth: fiscal year 

1986 14 



VI 



Tables-Continued 

Immigrants p 

7. Immigrants admitted by class of admission and region and selected country of birth: fiscal year 

1986 16 

8. Immigrants admitted by class of admission and region and selected country of last permanent residence: 

fiscal year 1986 18 

9. Immigrants admitted who were adjusted to permanent resident status by selected status at entry and 

region and selected country of birth: fiscal year 1986 20 

10. Immigrants admitted in fiscal year 1986 by calendar year of entry, type of admission, and region and 

selected country of birth 22 

1 1 . Immigrants admitted by age and sex: fiscal years 1976-86 24 

12. Immigrants admitted by selected country of birth, age, and sex: fiscal year 1986 25 

13. Immigrants admitted by marital status, age, and sex: fiscal year 1986 28 

14. Immigrants admitted as orphans by sex, age, and region and selected country of birth: fiscal year 

1986 29 

15. Immigrant new arrivals admitted by selected port of entry and region and selected country of birth: 

fiscal year 1986 30 

16. Immigrants admitted by selected country of birth and state of intended residence: fiscal year 1986 32 

17. Immigrants admitted by state of intended residence: fiscal years 1976-79 and 1982-86 35 

18. Immigrants admitted by major occupation group and region and selected country of birth: fiscal year 

1986 36 

19. Immigrant beneficiaries of occupational preferences admitted by type of admission and occupation: fiscal 

year 1986 38 

Refugees, Asylees 

20. Refugee-status applications: fiscal years 1980-86 41 

21 . Refugee-status applications by geographic area and selected country of chargeability: fiscal year 1986 41 

22. Refugee approvals and admissions by geographic area of chargeability: fiscal years 1980-86 .... 42 

23. Refugee arrivals into the United States by selected nationality: fiscal years 1982-86 42 

24. Refugees granted lawful permanent resident status in fiscal year 1986 by calendar year of entry and 

region and selected country of birth 43 

25. Refugees granted lawful permanent resident status by selected country of birth, age, and sex: fiscal year 

1986 44 

26. Refugees granted lawful permanent resident status by selected country of birth and state of residence: 

fiscal year 1986 46 

27. Asylum cases filed with INS district directors: fiscal years 1973-86 48 

28. Number of individuals granted asylum by INS district directors by selected nationality: fiscal years 

1984-86 48 

29. Asylum cases filed with INS district directors by selected nationality: fiscal year 1986 49 

30. Asylum cases filed with INS district directors by INS region and district office: fiscal year 1986 ... 50 

31 . Asylees granted lawful permanent resident status by selected country of birth, age, and sex: fiscal year 

1986 51 

32. Asylees granted lawful permanent resident status by selected country of birth and state of residence: 

fiscal year 1986 52 

vii 



Tables-Continued 

Refugees, Asylees 



Page 



33. Asylees granted lawful permanent resident status in fiscal year 1986 by calendar year of entry and 

region and selected country of birth 53 

34. Refugees and asylees granted lawful permanent resident status by enactment: fiscal years 1946-86 54 

35. Refugees and asylees granted lawful permanent resident status by decade and region and selected 

country of birth: fiscal years 1946-86 55 

36. Refugees and asylees granted lawful permanent resident status by region and selected country of birth: 

fiscal years 1977-86 56 

Nonimmigrants 

37. Nonimmigrants admitted by selected class of admission and region and selected country of last residence: 

fiscal years 1975, 1978, 1981, 1984, and 1986 58 

38. Nonimmigrants admitted by selected class of admission and region and selected country of citizenship: 

fiscal year 1986 60 

39. Nonimmigrants admitted by class of admission: fiscal years 1975, 1978, 1981, and 1984-86 64 

40. Nonimmigrants admitted as temporary workers, exchange visitors, and intracompany transferees by 

region and selected country of citizenship: fiscal year 1986 65 

41 . Nonimmigrants admitted by selected port of entry and region and selected country of citizenship: fiscal 

year 1986 68 

42. Nonimmigrants admitted by age and region and selected country of citizenship: fiscal year 1986 . . 72 

Naturalizations 

43. Petitions for naturalization filed, persons naturalized, and petitions for naturalization denied: fiscal 

years 1907-86 76 

44. Persons naturalized by general and special naturalization provisions: fiscal years 1981-86 77 

45. Persons naturalized by selected naturalization provisions and region and selected country of former 

allegiance: fiscal year 1986 78 

46. Persons naturalized by region and selected country of former allegiance: fiscal years 1977-86 .... 80 

47. Persons naturalized by sex, marital status, and major occupation group: fiscal years 1981-86 82 

48. Persons naturalized by state of residence: fiscal years 1977-86 83 

49. Persons naturalized by selected country of former allegiance and state of residence: fiscal year 1986 84 

50. Persons naturalized by major occupation group and region and selected country of former 

allegiance: fiscal year 1986 86 

51 . Persons naturalized in fiscal year 1986 by calendar year of entry and region and selected country of birth 88 

52. Persons naturalized by selected country of former nationality, age, and sex: fiscal year 1986 90 

53. Persons naturalized by age and sex: fiscal years 1977-86 92 



VIII 



Tab\es~Continued 

Enforcement p 

54. Aliens apprehended, deported, and required to depart: fiscal years 1892-1986 95 

55. Deportable aliens located by status at entry and region and selected country of nationality: fiscal 

year 1986 96 

56. Aliens excluded by cause: fiscal years 1892-1986 97 

57. Aliens excluded by region and country of birth: fiscal years 1986 98 

58. Aliens under docket control required to depart by region and country of nationality: calendar years 

1980-86 101 

59. Aliens under docket control required to depart by cause and region and selected country of nationality: 

fiscal year 1986 104 

60. Aliens deported by cause: fiscal years 1981-1986 105 

61 . Aliens deported by region and country of nationality: calendar years 1980-86 106 

62. Aliens deported by region and selected country to which deported: fiscal years 1977-86 109 

63. Aliens deported by cause and region and selected country of nationality: fiscal year 1986 110 

64. Aliens deported and under docket control required to depart by status at entry: fiscal years 1981-86 111 

65. Aliens deported and required to depart by region and district office: fiscal year 1986 112 

66. Report of Service participation in the control of marijuana, narcotics, and dangerous drug traffic: fiscal 

years 1980-86 113 

67. Principal activities and accomplishments of the Border Patrol: fiscal years 1980-86 114 

Entries 

68. Primary inspections of total estimated aliens and citizens admitted by state and port of entry: fiscal 
year 1986 116 

Litigation, Legal Activity 

69. Prosecutions, fines, and imprisonment for immigration and nationality violations: fiscal years 1980-86 118 

70. Convictions for immigration and nationality violations: fiscal years 1980-86 118 

71 . Writs of habeas corpus, judicial review of orders of deportation, and declaratory judgements in exclusion 

and deportation cases: fiscal years 1980-86 119 



Glossary 122 

Data Sources 129 



IX 



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Immigrants Admitted, Calendar Years 1970-79 by Region of Birth and Naturalizations of Those 
Immigrants: Fiscal Years 1970-86 

Thousands 



1,500 



1,350 



1,200 



1,050 



900 



750 



600 



450 



300 



150 



tm^tTTTTW 



Persons 
naturalized 




Immigrants 
admitted 



Percent naturalized 



North America 

Asia 

Europe 

South America 

Africa 

Oceania 




16.2 
50.4 
26.8 
27.0 
37.9 
16.5 






North America 



Asia 



Europe South America Africa 



Oceania 



XI 



Nonimmigrants Admitted as Temporary Workers, Intracompany Transferees, and Exchange Visitors 
from Top Twenty Countries of Citizenship: Fiscal Year 1986 



United Kingdom 
Canada 

Jamaica 
Japan 

Mexico 
France 
Germany, Fed. Rep. 

Philippines 

China 

Sweden 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Australia 

India 

Venezuela 

Ireland 
Spain 

Israel 

Brazil 

Switzerland 

Thousands 



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and intracompany 
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■■ Exchange 
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15 



20 



NOTE: China includes Mainland China and Taiwan. 
Source: Table 40. 



XII 



Introduction 



The Statistical Yearbook of the Immigration and Naturalization Service contains data on the characteristics of the 
diverse groups of aliens processed in the Service's various data collection programs. The 1986 Yearbook represents 
a departure from recent yearbooks. While detailed data continue to be presented in tabular form, the tables have 
been revised for clearer and more concise presentation. Additionally, a description and analysis section has been 
included this year to facilitate understanding of the tables and the procedures used by INS to collect the informa- 
tion. As part of the narrative text, charts and maps appear for further illustration of the data. 

Though data for fiscal year 1986 are featured in this Yearbook, historical data are also furnished. The major areas 
covered include immigrants admitted for legal permanent residence; refugees approved and admitted; asylees 
approved; nonimmigrant arrivals (e.g., tourists, students, etc.); aliens naturalized; aliens apprehended and expelled; 
and aliens inspected at ports of entry. 

The statistics for 1986 reflect the increasing level and changing geographic origin of international migration to the 
United States. The number of immigrants admitted and the number naturalized in 1986 reached their highest levels 
in more than 30 years. In addition, approximately 300 million border crossings were recorded, more than 7 million 
tourists were admitted, and 1.8 million deportable aliens were apprehended. A large proportion of the new immigrants, 
naturalized citizens, tourists, and students were from Asian countries. Highlights for 1986 include: 

601,708 immigrants were admitted— the highest total in over 50 years. 

Asia was the leading region of immigration with approximately 45 percent of the total. 

Nearly three-quarters of all immigrants intended to reside in six states: California, New York, Florida, Texas, 

New Jersey, and Illinois. 

Cuba was the leading country for refugee adjustments— the first year in the 1980s that Vietnam was not the 
leading country. 

10.5 million nonimmigrants were admitted— 70 percent were tourists. 

Over 60 percent of all nonimmigrants arrived at four ports: New York, Miami, Los Angeles, and Honolulu. 

More than 261,000 foreign students entered the United States. 

280,623 aliens were naturalized— the highest total since 1944. 

For the first time Vietnam was the leading country of birth for naturalized citizens with 31,158. 

Nearly 50 percent of the naturalized citizens for the period 1981-86 were born in Asia. 

Apprehensions of deportable aliens reached an historical high of 1.8 million. 

More than 300 million people entered the United States across land borders in 1986. 

San Ysidro, California was the leading port of entry with 34.1 million entries. 

The Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 was passed after the close of fiscal year 1986; therefore, statistics 
collected as a result of the 1986 Act will appear in future yearbooks. 



XIII 



Immigrants Admitted by Region of Birth: Selected Fiscal Years 1955-86 

Thousands 



600 



Asia 

North America 



•2 Europe 



H South America 
Other 



500 



400 



300 



200 



100 — 




1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 



1986 



Source: 1980-86, Table 3; 1955-75, previous yearbooks. 



XIV 



I. Immigrants 



Immigrants are aliens admitted for legal permanent 
residence in the United States. The procedures for ad- 
mission depend on whether the alien is residing inside 
or outside the United States at the time of application 
for permanent residence. Eligible aliens residing out- 
side the United States are issued immigrant visas by 
the U.S. Department of State and are admitted at U.S. 
ports of entry. Eligible aliens residing in the United 
States are allowed to change their status from tem- 
porary to permanent residence at district offices of the 
U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS). 

A total of 601,708 aliens were admitted as immigrants 
during fiscal year 1986. Total admissions in 1986 were 
5.6 percent higher than in 1985, representing the highest 
yearly total in more than 50 years. The increase above 
the fiscal year 1985 level was principally due to (1) an 
increase in the admission of immediate relatives of U.S. 
citizens, and (2) an increase in the adjustment of Cuban 
refugees who entered during the "Mariel boatlift" in 
1980. 



U.S. Immigration Policy 

U.S. immigration law gives preferential immigration 
status to aliens who are related to certain U.S. citizens 



or legal permanent residents, aliens with needed job 
skills, or aliens who qualify as refugees. There are other 
categories of aliens who may qualify for immigration, 
but they account for relatively few admissions. Immigra- 
tion to the United States can be divided into two general 
categories: (1) those subject to the annual worldwide 
limitation, and (2) those exempt from it. 

Immigration Subject to the Worldwide Limitation 

A maximum of 270,000 immigrants may be admitted an- 
nually under the worldwide limitation. Within this overall 
limitation, no more than 20,000 immigrants may come 
from any independent country and no more than 600 
from a dependency. Visa allocation is determined by 
a system consisting of six preference categories, each 
with its own numerical limitation (Table A). The first, se- 
cond, fourth, and fifth preferences are based on the 
alien's relationship with a U.S. citizen or legal perma- 
nent resident, and the third and sixth preferences are 
based on needed job skills. Aliens not eligible for any 
of the six preferences may qualify for the nonpreference 
category. Visas for the nonpreference category are 
issued when the authorized visas in the preference 
categories are not used. Heavy demand for preference 
visas has resulted in no nonpreference visas being 
issued since fiscal year 1978. 



Table A 
Worldwide Limited Immigrants (270,000 annually) 



Preference 



Provision 



Percent and 
number of visas 



First 

Second 

Third 

Fourth 

Fifth 

Sixth 

Nonpreference 



Unmarried sons and daughters of U.S. citizens 
and their children 

Spouses and unmarried sons and daughters of 
permanent resident aliens 

Members of the professions of exceptional ability 
and their sons and daughters 

Married sons and daughters of U.S. citizens and 
their spouses and children 

Brothers and sisters of U.S. citizens (at least 21 
years of age) and their spouses and children 

Workers in skilled or unskilled occupations in 
which laborers are in short supply in the United 
States and their spouses and children 

Other qualified applicants 



20% or 54,000 
26% or 70,200* 
10% or 27,000 
10% or 27,000* 
24% or 64,800* 
10% or 27,000 



Any numbers 
not used above* 



•Numbers not used in higher preferences may be used in these categories. 



xv 



Immigration Exempt from the Worldwide Limitation Data Overview 



The major categories of immigrants exempt from the 
worldwide limitation of 270,000 are listed below. 

• Immediate relatives of U.S. citizens: 

Spouses 

Children (including orphans) 

Parents (of U.S. citizens at least 21 years of age) 

• Refugees and asylees adjusting to permanent 
residence 

• Special immigrants: 

Certain ministers of religion 

Certain former employees of the U.S. government 

abroad 
Certain persons who lost U.S. citizenship 
Certain foreign medical graduates 

• Babies born abroad to legal permanent resident 
aliens 



Total Immigration 

The number of immigrants admitted during the 1980s 
has averaged approximately 571,000 per year. During 
the first decade of the 1900s, when immigration to the 
United States was at its highest level, annual admis- 
sions averaged 880,000. The differences between past 
and present immigration levels are more pronounced 
when comparing immigration rates based on the total 
U.S. population. The average annual number of im- 
migrants admitted from 1980-86 was 2.4 immigrants per 
thousand U.S. inhabitants. The annual immigration rate 
during 1901-10 was approximately 4 times as great 
(10.4). 

The nadir of U.S. immigration began with the great 
depression and ended at the conclusion of World War 
II. Since that time immigration has generally increased, 
and during the past year it reached its highest total in 
more than 50 years (Chart A). The 1986 immigration 



Chart A 

Immigrants Admitted: Fiscal Years 1900-86 

Thousands 




1900 1910 



1920 



1930 



1940 1950 1960 



1970 1980 1986 



Source: Table 1. 



XVI 



total of 601,708, however, is only slightly higher than the 
annual average for the 1980s. Legal immigration will 
continue to increase in the next few years as aliens are 
legalized under the provisions of the Immigration 
Reform and Control Act of 1986. Aliens granted tem- 
porary status under the Legalization Program will be 
eligible to adjust to permanent residence beginning in 
fiscal year 1988. 

Region and Country 



Asia had the highest number of admissions in 1986 
(44.6 percent). This continues a trend that began with 
the elimination of country-specific immigration quotas 
by the 1965 amendments to the Immigration and Na- 
tionality Act. Immigration from Asia increased after the 
1965 Act, while the number of immigrants entering from 
Europe decreased (Table B). Asia has had the highest 
immigrant total every year since 1978, when In- 
dochinese refugees who were paroled into the United 
States were first allowed to adjust to permanent resi- 
dent status. 

Mexico and the Philippines continued as the countries 
with the highest number of immigrant admissions in 



1986 (Table C). These countries had the highest totals 
in 1985, and have accounted for the most immigrants 
admitted during the 1980s. The five countries with the 
highest level of immigration to the United States dur- 
ing the 1980-86 period are Mexico (458,300), the Philip- 
pines (316,040), Vietnam (308,351), China (Mainland and 
Taiwan) (246,966), and Korea (234,117). 

Cuba had the largest increase between 1985 and 1986 
due to the adjustment of refugees who entered during 
the "Mariel boatlift". The 125,000 Cubans who entered 
the United States in 1980 became eligible to 
adjust their status during 1985 under the Cuban 
Refugee Act of 1966. Approximately 15,000 Cubans ad- 
justed under this provision in 1985 and approximately 
30,000 adjusted during 1986. The countries with the 
largest percentage increases in immigration between 
1985 and 1986 were Cuba (62.9 percent), Bangladesh 
(42.6), Ireland (31.6), South Africa (29.4), and Haiti (24.6). 

Immigration from Vietnam decreased 1,902 between 
1985 and 1986 due to a decline in refugee adjustments. 
Other countries with declines in immigration between 
1985 and 1986 included Taiwan (-1,471), Laos (-1,291), 
Poland (-983), and the U.S.S.R. (-933). 



Table B 

Percent of Immigrants Admitted by Region and Period: 

Fiscal Years 1955-86 



Region 


1955-64 


1965-74 


1975-84 


1985 


1986 


All regions 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


Europe 


50.2 


29.8 


13.4 


11.1 


10.4 


North and West 


28.6 


11.0 


5.2 


5.0 


5.0 


South and East 


21.6 


18.7 


8.1 


6.0 


5.4 


Asia 


7.7 


22.4 


43.3 


46.4 


44.6 


Africa 


.7 


1.5 


2.4 


3.0 


2.9 


Oceania 


.4 


.7 


.8 


.7 


.6 


North America 


36.0 


39.6 


33.6 


31.9 


34.5 


Caribbean 


7.1 


18.0 


15.1 


14.6 


16.9 


Central America 


2.5 


2.6 


3.7 


4.6 


4.7 


Other North America 


26.4 


19.0 


14.8 


12.7 


12.9 


South America 


5.1 


6.0 


6.6 


6.9 


7.0 



Source: 1976-86, Table 3; 1955-75. previous yearbooks. 



XVII 



Table C 

Immigrants Admitted from Top Fifteen Countries of Birth: 

Fiscal Year 1986 





1986 


1985 


Cha 


nge 


Country of birth 


Number 


Percent 


Total 


601,708 


570,009 


31,699 


5.6 


1) Mexico 


66,533 


61,077 


5,456 


8.9 


2) Philippines 


52,558 


47,978 


4,580 


9.5 


3) Korea 


35,776 


35,253 


523 


1.5 


4) Cuba 


33,114 


20,334 


12,780 


62.9 


5) Vietnam 


29,993 


31,895 


-1,902 


-6.0 


6) India 


26,227 


26,026 


201 


.8 


7) Dominican Republic 


26,175 


23,787 


2,388 


10.0 


8) China, Mainland 


25,106 


24,787 


319 


1.3 


9) Jamaica 


19,595 


18,923 


672 


3.6 


10) Iran 


16,505 


16,071 


434 


2.7 


11) United Kingdom 


13,657 


13,408 


249 


1.9 


12) Cambodia 


13,501 


13,563 


-62 


-.5 


13) Taiwan 


13,424 


14,895 


-1,471 


-9.9 


14) Haiti 


12,666 


10,165 


2,501 


24.6 


15) Colombia 


1 1 ,408 


1 1 ,982 


-574 


-4.8 


Other 


205,470 


199,865 


5,605 


2.8 



Source: Table 3. 



Categories of Admission 

Immigrants Subject to the Worldwide Limitation 

The number of immigrants admitted subject to the 
worldwide limitation is relatively constant from year to 
year since the demand for visas far exceeds the annual 
limit of 270,000. As of January 1986 there were 1.9 
million active registrants awaiting numerically limited 
immigrant visas at consular offices abroad. 1 The 
number of immigrants admitted subject to the worldwide 
limitation, however, will increase slightly for the next two 
years due to a provision in the Immigration Reform and 
Control Act of 1986. The limit will be temporarily 
increased to 275,000 in fiscal years 1987 and 1988 to 
allow entry of an extra 5,000 immigrants per year from 
countries that were adversely impacted by the Immigra- 
tion and Nationality Act Amendments of 1965. 

Spouses and unmarried sons and daughters of legal 
permanent residents (second preference) accounted for 



111,000 of the immigrants admitted under the worldwide 
limitation in 1986 (Table D). The next highest category 
of admission in 1986 was brothers or sisters of adult 
U.S. citizens and their families (fifth preference), with 
70,000. 

Immigrants Exempt from the Worldwide Limitation 

The largest increase in immigration between 1985 and 
1986, as in recent years, was in categories of admis- 
sion exempt from the worldwide limitation. 

Immigration of immediate relatives (spouses, parents, 
and children) of U.S. citizens has consistently increas- 
ed over the last 10 years (Chart B). The total number 
of immigrants admitted as immediate relatives has in- 
creased from 112,000 in 1977 to 223,000 in 1986. 
Approximately 60 percent of the immediate relatives ad- 



'U.S. Department of State, Bureau of Consular Affairs, Immigrant 
Numbers for May 1986. Number 86, Volume V. 



XVIII 



Table D 

Immigrants Admitted by Major Category of Admission: 

Fiscal Year 1986 





1986 


1985 


Change 




Category of admission 


Number 


Percent 


Total 


601,708 


570,009 


31,699 


5.6 


Subject to worldwide limitation 


266,968 


264,208 


2,760 


1.0 


Relative preferences 


212,939 


213,257 


-318 


-.1 


First 


10,910 


9,319 


1,591 


17.1 


Second 


110,926 


114,997 


-4,071 


-3.5 


Fourth 


20,702 


18,460 


2,242 


12.1 


Fifth 


70,401 


70,481 


-80 


-.1 


Occupational preferences 


53,625 


50,895 


2,730 


5.4 


Third 


26,823 


24,905 


1,918 


7.7 


Sixth 


26,802 


25,990 


812 


3.1 


Other 


404 


56 


348 


621.4 


Exempt from worldwide limitation 


334,740 


305,801 


28,939 


9.5 


Immediate relatives 


223,468 


204,368 


19,100 


9.3 


Spouses 


137,597 


129,790 


7,807 


6.0 


Parents 


45,232 


38,986 


6,246 


16.0 


Children 


40,639 


35,592 


5,047 


14.2 


Refugee, asylee adjustments 


104,383 


95,040 


9,343 


9.8 


Other 


6,889 


6,393 


496 


7.8 



Source: Table 4. 



mitted in 1986 were spouses of U.S. citizens, with im- 
migrants from Mexico accounting for 24 percent of the 
spouses. Almost 67 percent of the parents of U.S. 
citizens were born in Asia. Mexico, the Philippines, and 
Korea accounted for over half of the children of U.S. 
citizens admitted, and most of the children born in 
Korea were orphans adopted by U.S. citizens (6,188 or- 
phans out of 6,865 total children). 

The annual number of refugee adjustments is depen- 
dent on the number of arrivals of refugees in preceding 
years. Refugee adjustments in 1986 increased because 
the adjustment of Cuban refugees who entered in 1980 
offset a decrease in the adjustment of indochinese 
refugees. The number of refugee adjustments from Viet- 
nam, Cambodia, and Laos decreased by 4,270 in 1986. 
The number of Indochinese refugees adjusting to per- 
manent residence should continue to fall because ar- 
rivals have decreased in recent years. Asylee ad- 
justments have reached their limit of 5,000 for the last 



three fiscal years and can be expected to reach that 
limit again in 1987 and 1988. 

Geographic Distribution 

The top six states of intended residence for new im- 
migrants were California, New York, Florida, Texas, New 
Jersey, and Illinois. These states, which constituted 38 
percent of the total U.S. population in 1986, were the 
intended residence of 72 percent of all immigrants ad- 
mitted. These six states have been the leading states 
of residence for new immigrants every year since 1971, 
with California the leading state since 1976. In 1986, 
California accounted for 28 percent of all immigrants 
admitted. 

The states with the highest rates of immigration based 
on population are somewhat different (Map, p. x). 
The leading states in fiscal year 1986 based on rates 
per 100,000 inhabitants were Hawaii (735.8), California 
(625.6), New York (620.2), New Jersey (454.6), and 
Florida (416.3). 



XIX 



Chart B 

Immigrants Admitted As Immediate Relatives of 

U.S. Citizens: Fiscal Years 1977-86 

Thousands 

140 



120 



100 



Spouses 



80 



60 



40 



20 




Children 



3 
1977 



1986 



Source: Table 4. 

Age and Sex 

The numbers of males and females admitted in 1986 
were almost equal (300,777 males and 300,931 
females). A comparison of age distributions shows that 
immigrants are relatively more concentrated in the age 
groups from 20 to 34 years of age than the total U.S. 
population (Chart C). The median ages for the total U.S. 
population are 30.6 for males and 31.9 for females. The 
immigrants are younger, with median ages of 27.2 for 
males and 27.6 for females. 

Occupation 

Almost 40 percent of all immigrants admitted in 1986 
reported having an occupation at the time of entry. Im- 
migrants qualifying for immigrant status based on their 
job skills under the occupational preferences, which 
constituted only 3.8 percent of the total admissions, will 
enter the U.S. workforce in their reported occupations 
as shown in Table 19. These immigrants are composed 



of two groups: (1) members of the professions of ex- 
ceptional ability (third preference), and (2) workers in 
skilled or unskilled occupations in which laborers are 
in short supply in the United States (sixth preference). 
The remaining immigrants have reported either the oc- 
cupation in their last job before immigration or the 
occupation they have been trained in or are qualified 
to perform. 

The leading occupational groups for third preference 
immigrants are engineers, surveyors, and mapping 
scientists (3,170); executive, administrative, and 
managerial occupations (2,518); postsecondary school 
teachers (950); and nurses (616). The leading groups 
for sixth preference immigrants are service occupations 
(4,528); precision production, craft, and repair occupa- 
tions (1,608); executive, administrative, and managerial 
occupations (1,561); and nurses (664). For both third and 
sixth preference immigrants, labor certifications from 
the Department of Labor are generally required in- 
dicating that the entry of such persons will not adversely 
affect U.S. workers, wages, or working conditions. 



Data Collection 

Aliens arriving from outside the United States general- 
ly must have a valid immigrant visa issued by the U.S. 
Department of State to be admitted for legal permanent 
residence. Aliens who are already in the United States 
in a temporary status and are eligible to become legal 
permanent residents are granted immigrant status by 
the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service. Aliens 
entering the United States with immigrant visas are 
referred to as new arrivals, and those already in the 
United States who are granted permanent resident 
status are referred to as adjustments. The source of in- 
formation on new arrivals is the immigrant visa (OF-155, 
Immigrant Visa and Alien Registration, U.S. Department 
of State) and the source of information on adjustments 
is the form granting legal permanent residence (1-181, 
Memorandum of Creation of Record of Lawful Perma- 
nent Residence, U.S. Immigration and Naturalization 
Service). After the immigrant is admitted, the immigrant 
visa and adjustment forms are forwarded to INS' Im- 
migrant Data Capture (IMDAC) facility for processing. 
The IMDAC facility generates statistical records which 
are the source of the statistics on immigrants presented 
in this report. The variables collected include port of 
admission; type (or class) of admission; countries of 
birth, last residence, and nationality; age, sex, and 
marital status; occupation; original year of entry and 
class of entry for those adjusting from temporary to per- 
manent residence; and the zip code of the immigrant's 
intended residence. 



xx 



Males 




Jlli, 



w///m#//////m www. 



V//////////////V // //////////////, 



W $MfMv//777777?. 




Females 



^ Immigrants, FY 1986 
I - ! U.S. population 



Chart C 

Percent Age and Sex Distribution of U.S. Population and Immigrants Admitted in Fiscal Year 1986 

Age 

80 + 

75-79 

70-74 

65-69 

60-64 

55-59 

50-54 

45-49 

40-44 

35-39 

30-34 

25-29 

20-24 

15-19 

10-14 

5-9 

0-4 



VWW/WWW>VAWWWW/MW}wA 



MMZ2ZZS2M&& 







10 



2 2 

Percent of Total 



10 



Source: U.S. population data are provisional estimates tor July 1, 1986 published by the U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Population 
Reports, Series P-25, No. 1000; immigrants, Table 11. 



Limitations of Data 

The number of immigrants admitted for legal perma- 
nent residence in a year is not the same as the number 
of net migrants who enter the United States in the year. 
The reasons for the difference in counts are: 

1) Immigrant adjustments are reported in the year 
aliens adjust their status to legal permanent 
residence and not in the year they actually migrate 
to the United States. 

2) Some immigrants (such as refugees and 
asylees) may never be counted as legal perma- 
nent residents even though they reside per- 
manently in the United States (i.e., they are not 
required to adjust to permanent resident status). 

3) Information on emigration, or aliens per- 
manently departing the United States, and infor- 
mation on net illegal immigration is not available 
(see Data Gaps section). 

Most immigrants adjusting to legal permanent 
residence entered the United States on a permanent 



basis prior to their year of adjustment. The year of last 
arrival for adjustments and new arrivals appears in Table 
10. Approximately 94 percent of the aliens adjusting to 
legal permanent residence in fiscal year 1986 last 
entered the United States in calendar year 1985 or 
earlier. Many of the adjustments are refugees who legal- 
ly must wait one year before applying for permanent 
resident status and, therefore, do not appear as im- 
migrants until they adjust their status. Some refugees 
may never appear as immigrants because they do not 
apply for permanent residence. 

The numbers of emigrants and net illegal migrants are 
unknown; however, some estimates have been 
developed by the U.S. Bureau of the Census to estimate 
national population totals. The Census Bureau 
estimates that total emigration (native and foreign-born) 
since 1980 has averaged 160,000 per year. The 
available research indicates that the net increase in the 
illegal population has been in the 100,000 to 300,000 
range annually during the 1980s. The Census Bureau 
uses an estimate of 200,000 net growth due to illegal 
immigration in its annual population estimates. 



XXI 



II. Refugees 



The Immigration and Nationality Act, as amended by 
the Refugee Act of 1980, governs the admission of 
refugees into the United States. A refugee, as defined 
by the Act, is any person who is outside his or her coun- 
try of nationality who is unable or unwilling to return to 
that country because of persecution or a well-founded 
fear of persecution. Claims of persecution may be bas- 
ed on the alien's race, religion, nationality, membership 
in a particular social group, or political opinion. Persons 
within their country of nationality may be treated as 
refugees, provided that the President has defined these 
countries as having special refugee circumstances, 
after consultation with Congress The definition of 



refugee set forth in the Refugee Act of 1980 conforms 
to that of the 1967 United Nations Protocol on Refugees. 

The authorized ceiling for refugee admissions has 
decreased each year from a high of 231,700 in fiscal 
year 1980 to 67,000 in 1986. Refugee approvals declin- 
ed 12.4 percent from 59,436 in 1985 to 52,081 in 1986. 
Following the same trend, refugee admissions into the 
United States declined from 62,477 in 1985 to 58,329 
in 1986, a decrease of 6.6 percent. These declines are 
due to decreases in the flow of refugees from Indochina 
and to the determination that there are fewer In- 
dochinese refugees remaining in refugee camps who 
are of special interest to and qualify for admission to 
the United States. 



Chart D 

Refugee and Asylee Admissions and Admissions to Lawful Permanent Resident Status: Fiscal Years 

1946-86 



Thousands 
300 

250 

200 

150 

100 

50 



1946 



Admissions to lawful permanent resident status 
Initial admissions 




1950 



1955 



1960 



1965 1970 



1975 



1980 



1949-53 Displaced Persons Act 

1954-57 Refugee Relief Act 

11/56-7/58 Hungarians paroled 

1959 Hungarian adjustments began 

1966-80 Refugee conditional entrants 



Major refugee programs 
1978-84 Indochinese Refugee 
Adjustment Act 
3/80 Refugee-Parolees admitted 
3/80 Cubans paroled 

Cuban adjustments began 



198 



-3/80 



2/70- 
1/59- 
1967 



3/75- 

1980 

4/80 

1981 

4/80-10/80 

1985-86 



Indochinese refugees paroled 
Refugee-Parolee adjustments began 
Refugee Act admissions began 
Refugee Act adjustments began 
Mariel boatlift 
Mariel adjustments 



NOTE: For the period 1946-56, admissions to lawful permanent resident status and initial admissions were the same. 



XXII 



\ total of 99,383 refugees adjusted to lawful permanent 
esident status during 1986, an increase of 10.4 percent 
s |>ver 1985. Adjustments of 30,326 Cuban refugees were 
©sponsible for this increase, resulting from an adjust- 
nent program conducted in 1985-86 for Cubans who 
;ntered the United States in 1980 as part of the "Mariel 
joatlift". 



J.S. Refugee Policy 

3efore each fiscal year, the President, in consultation 
] with Congress, reviews the worldwide refugee situation, 
jetermining the number of refugees in need of reset- 
lement, those who are of special humanitarian concern 
o the United States, and the authorized number of ad- 
nissions for the ensuing fiscal year. The admission ceil- 
ng of 67,000 for 1986 was divided among the five 
geographic regions as follows: 

Africa 3,000 

East Asia 45,500 

Eastern Europe and U.S.S.R. 9,500 

Latin America and Caribbean 3,000 

Near East 6,000 

he authorized admission levels are the maximum 
lumber of refugees allowed to enter the United States 
n a fiscal year for each of the five geographic areas 
)f chargeability. 

Refugees are processed and approved for admission 
othe United States by Immigration and Naturalization 
Service officers from the Service's fourteen overseas 
jffices. In order to qualify for admission to the United 
States as a refugee, each applicant must meet all of 
he following criteria: be a refugee as set forth in the 
Refugee Act of 1980; be among the types of refugees 
jetermined to be of special humanitarian concern to 
he United States; be admissible under the Immigra- 
ion and Nationality Act; and not be firmly resettled in 
any foreign country. 

Jnder the Refugee Act of 1980, refugees are eligible 
o adjust to lawful permanent resident status after one 
/ear of residence in the United States and are exempt 
rom the worldwide annual limitation of 270,000 im- 
nigrants. Upon adjustment, the date of admission is 
ecorded as the date of entry as a refugee, so that the 
ength of time spent in refugee status is counted toward 
he residency requirement for naturalization purposes. 



Data Overview 

The United States first recognized refugees for entry 
into the country in fiscal year 1946. Since that time there 
have been many different refugee programs enacted 
on an ad hoc basis, such as the Displaced Persons Act 
and the Cuban and Indochinese Adjustment Acts. Dur- 
ing the first decade of refugee programs, virtually all 
refugees entered the United States as immigrants. 
Since 1957, most refugees either have been paroled into 
the United States under special authority granted to the 
Attorney General by the Immigration and Nationality 
Act, or have entered in refugee status, to be adjusted 
to immigrant status at a later date. Chart D depicts in- 
itial refugee admissions and admissions to lawful per- 
manent resident status for the period 1946-86. This 
demonstrates the time lag between initial admission 
and adjustment to immigrant status. At the onset of 
parole programs there generally were no mechanisms 
for adjustment to permanent status, thus necessitating 
special legislation. 

In the 40-year history of refugee admissions, the primary 
sending areas have shifted (Chart E). Between 1946 
and 1960, 94.7 percent of the refugees granted im- 
migrant status were from Europe. Through the 1960s 
and early 1970s, North America predominated, with 51.1 
percent of the refugees for that period (primarily from 
Cuba). In the late 1970s, when Indochinese refugees 
began adjusting status, Asia became the secondary 
refugee region with 39.1 percent. Thus far through the 
1980s, Asia has been the major sending area, account- 
ing for 75.2 percent of the refugees. This trend is ex- 
pected to continue since Indochinese currently com- 
pose the largest group of refugees admitted to the 
United States. 

A comparison of initial admissions of refugees by area 
of chargeability for 1982 and 1986 reveals that, although 
the number of refugees admitted has declined, the 
geographic distribution has remained proportionately 
similar over time. The East Asian category, which covers 
Indochina, constituted the largest group with 74.8 per- 
cent of refugee admissions in 1982 and 71.4 percent 
in 1986. Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union compris- 
ed 14.4 percent of refugees in 1982 and 15.9 percent 
in 1986. Latin America and Africa, the two areas with 
the smallest number of admissions, together constituted 
4.0 percent of refugee admissions in 1982, declining to 
2.3 percent in 1986. The Near East grew from 6.8 per- 
cent of total admissions to 10.4 percent due to an in- 
crease in refugees from Iran. 



XXIII 



Chart E 

Refugees and Asylees Granted Lawful Permanent Resident Status by Decade and Selected 

Regicn of Birth: Fiscal Years 1946-86 

1946-50 1951-60 




.6% 




6.8% 



1961-70 



I I Europe 

V7\ 

VA Asia 



1971-80 




fiiiill North America 
D Other 



2.7% 



1981-86 



9.3% 





8% 



2.3% 



Source: Table 35. 

Data Collection 

The Immigration and Naturalization Service collects 
data on refugees at three points during their process- 
ing: when they apply for refugee status abroad, when 
they are admitted to the United States, and when they 



adjust to lawful permanent resident status. The INS 
overseas offices collect data on applicants for refugee 
status. Each office submits INS Form G-319, Report of 
Applicants for Refugee Status under Section 207, which 
reports refugee casework by the country to which each 
applicant is chargeable. 



XXIV 



Each month INS ports of entry collect data on refugees 
initially admitted to the United States. The ports sub- 
mit a report of admissions by nationality from the 
refugee's Form 1-94, Arrival/Departure Record. The 
Nonimmigrant Information System (NIIS) also collects 
data on refugee admissions on Form 1-94. This system, 
however, collects all entries of persons with refugee 
status, as they travel abroad and reenter the United 
States. 

Both the Bureau for Refugee Programs, Department of 
State, and the Office of Refugee Resettlement, Depart- 
ment of Health and Human Services, also collect data 
on refugees admitted to the United States. The Bureau 
for Refugee Programs collects data through the In- 
tergovernmental Committee for Migration, which is 
responsible for compiling the total number of refugees 
admitted to the United States. The Office of Refugee 
Resettlement, which is responsible for the disburse- 
ment of funds for refugee benefits, collects detailed data 
on the characteristics of refugees initially admitted to 
the United States. 

The Immigration and Naturalization Service collects 
data on refugees adjusting to lawful permanent resident 
status as part of its immigrant data series gathered by 
the Immigrant Data Capture System (IMDAC). The data 
collected include demographic variables as well as 
immigration-oriented variables (see Immigrants sec- 
tion). This is the only stage in the refugee process where 
the INS collects detailed information about the 
characteristics of refugees in the United States. 



I. Asylees 



The Refugee Act of 1980 regulates U.S. asylum policy 
in addition to governing refugee procedures. The Act, 
for the first time, established a statutory basis for gran- 
ting asylum in the United States consistent with the 1967 
United Nations Protocol on Refugees. The definition of 
an asylee conforms to that of a refugee. The only dif- 
ference is the location of the alien upon application; the 
asylee is in the United States or at a port of entry and 
the refugee is overseas. 

The asylum casework of the INS rose from 16,622 cases 
received in fiscal year 1985 to 18,889 cases in 1986, an 
increase of 13.6 percent. Iran, Nicaragua, and Poland 
remained the three leading nationalities for persons 
granted asylum for 1986, constituting 77.2 percent of 
the total. 



U.S. Asylum Policy 

Any alien physically present in the United States or at 
a port of entry may request asylum in the United States. 
According to the Refugee Act, current immigration 
status, whether legal or illegal, is not relevant to an in- 



dividual's asylum claim. An alien requesting asylum 
may apply in one of two ways, either with an INS district 
director, or, if apprehended, with an immigration judge 
in a deportation or exclusion hearing. 

Asylum regulations require that an INS officer interview 
each applicant and consult the Bureau of Human Rights 
and Humanitarian Affairs, Department of State, for an 
advisory opinion on every asylum case. There are no 
limits set by law as to the number of individuals who 
may be granted asylum in the United States in a fiscal 
year. An alien denied asylum by the INS may renew the 
asylum request with an immigration judge during a 
deportation or exclusion hearing. 

According to immigration law, an asylee must reside in 
the United States for one year to be eligible to apply 
for adjustment to lawful permanent resident status. 
Although exempt from the worldwide annual limitation 
of 270,000 immigrants, only 5,000 asylees may adjust 
each year. One year of the asylee's residence prior to 
adjustment is counted toward the naturalization residen- 
cy requirement. 



Data Overview 

For the fiscal years prior to passage of the Refugee Act 
of 1980, the number of asylum applications received by 
the INS averaged approximately 3,600 per year. Dur- 
ing the fiscal years since passage, the number received 
has averaged over 30,000 applications per year. In fiscal 
year 1981, the first complete year after enactment of the 
new asylum procedures, filing of asylum applications 
reached a high of 61,568 cases. After 1981, the number 
of applications declined to a low of 16,622 in 1985, 
before increasing to 18,889 in 1986. 

For the third straight fiscal year, asylee adjustments to 
lawful permanent resident status have reached the limit 
of 5,000 cases. Iran remains the leading country of birth 
for asylee adjustments, accounting for 63.1 percent of 
the cases, which is consistent with data on asylee ap- 
provals for previous years. Since there is an expanding 
pool of approved asylees in the United States, asylee 
adjustments are expected to continue to reach the 5,000 
limit. 



Data Collection 

The data on asylum applicants reflect those cases filed 
with INS district directors as reported on INS Form 
G-23.3 Supplement A (Asylum Cases Filed with District 
Directors Pursuant to Section 208, INA). Each office 
reports asylum casework according to the nationality 
of asylum applicants. In addition to cases granted, the 
number of individuals covered by those cases is col- 
lected, since one case may cover more than one per- 
son. Data on asylum applicants have been collected by 



xxv 



the INS for selected nationalities since July 1980, and 
since June 1983 for all nationalities. 

As with refugees, the Immigration and Naturalization 
Service collects data on asylees adjusting to lawful per- 
manent resident status in the Immigrant Data Capture 
System (IMDAC) (see Immigrants section). Adjustment 
to immigrant status is the only point at which detailed 
characteristics of asylees are collected. 



Limitations of Data 

Data on applicants for asylum collected by the Immigra- 
tion and Naturalization Service cover only cases filed 
with the INS. The data do not cover those cases filed 
by apprehended aliens or the cases denied by the INS 
which were renewed with immigration judges, who are 
part of the Executive Office of Immigration Review in 
the Department of Justice. However, the data collected 
by the INS at the time asylees adjust to permanent resi- 
dent status cover aliens previously granted asylum by 
both district directors and immigration judges. 



IV. Nonimmigrants 



A nonimmigrant is an alien admitted to the United 
States for a specified temporary period of time but not 
for permanent residence. The typical nonimmigrant is 
a tourist who visits for a few days to several months. 
However, there are numerous classes of nonimmigrant 
admission, ranging from students to ambassadors. A 
total of 10.5 million nonimmigrant arrivals were counted 
during fiscal year 1986. This represents an increase 
over 1985 of almost one million (8.9 percent), but is not 
the largest number of arrivals recorded; nearly 12 
million nonimmigrants were admitted in both 1981 and 
1982. 



Nonimmigrant Admission 

Nonimmigrants are defined in the Immigration and Na- 
tionality Act. Though tourists (temporary visitors for 
pleasure) are the most numerous nonimmigrant arrivals, 
a wide variety of temporary visitors to the United States 
fall within the nonimmigrant classification. Nonim- 
migrants include several types of visitors who are con- 
nected in some way with a foreign government: am- 
bassadors, ministers, diplomats, and representatives to 
international organizations. Business people coming to 
the United States to engage in commercial transactions 
(though not for employment in the United States) also 



make up a substantial portion of nonimmigrant arrivals 
each year. Though not as numerous, treaty traders anc 
treaty investors also enter temporarily to conduct trade 
or invest in enterprises under the provisions of treaties 
of commerce and navigation between the United State; 
and foreign states. Temporary workers are allowec 
employment in the United States to perform service; 
of an exceptional nature requiring distinguished meri 
and ability (such as a renowned concert pianist) or tc 
perform temporary services or labor if unemployed per 
sons capable of performing such service or labor can 
not be found in this country (such as an agricultura 
laborer). Foreign students also are classified as nonim 
migrants, ranking in volume only behind visitors fo 
pleasure and visitors for business. The Glossary con 
tains a detailed definition of nonimmigrants, a listing o 
each of the nonimmigrant classes of admission, anc 
a detailed definition of each class. 



For most nonimmigrant classes of admission there ha: 
been an "open door" policy by the U.S. government 
There are no restrictions on the total number of admis 
sions in any given year; indeed, tourists (the majority 
of nonimmigrants) are encouraged to visit as a boot 
to the U.S. economy. Strict rules do apply, howevei 
regarding the grounds for nonimmigrant admission 
regulations, likewise, govern such areas as length ani 
extension of stay, employment in the United States 
accompaniment by family members, travel restriction ii 
within the United States, and change of admissioi 
status. For example, ambassadors are allowed to remai 
in the United States for the duration of their service 
students to complete their studies, visitors for busines 
for a maximum of six months (plus six-month exter 
sions), and aliens in transit through the United State 
not more than twenty-nine days (with no extensions 
Most nonimmigrants are not allowed gainful employ 
ment while in the United States, though exceptions ma 
be granted to students and to family members of intei 
national representatives. On the other hand, temporar 
workers come to the United States expressly for pui 
poses of employment. Most nonimmigrant aliens ma 
bring immediate family members with them; the excep 
tion is transit aliens other than foreign government o 
ficials. Transit aliens and fiances(ees) coming to th 
United States to marry U.S. citizens are the only noninr 
migrants who are prohibited from changing to anothe 
nonimmigrant category while in this country. 

Data Overview 

Slightly fewer than 10.5 million nonimmigrants arrive' 

in the United States in fiscal year 1986 (Table 38). C 

this total, a large majority (70 percent) entered a 

tourists, with the next highest class of admission, ten- 
Sou, 



XXVI 



porary visitors for business, accounting for only 18.5 per- 
cent. More than 261,000 foreign students entered the 
United States to pursue a full course of study 
(predominantly in academic institutions) accompanied 
by 27,000 spouses and children. In addition, 130,000 
entered as exchange visitors to study, teach, or conduct 
research in the United States, bringing with them 33,000 
spouses and children. 

Nonimmigrants entering the United States in 1986 to 
represent foreign governments amounted to 168,000 
(about two percent of total entries). This figure consists 
of nearly 94,000 foreign government officials, families, 
and attendants (including ambassadors, public 
ministers, career diplomats, and consular officers), over 
59,000 foreign representatives, families, and attendants 
to international organizations, over 7,000 foreign govern- 
ment officials and families in transit through the United 
States, and almost 7,000 officials and family members 



serving the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). 

Over 40 percent of all nonimmigrants entering the 
United States in 1986 were citizens of only four coun- 
tries: Japan (16 percent), the United Kingdom (12 per- 
cent), Mexico (7 percent), and the Federal Republic of 
Germany (6 percent). Tourists far outnumbered other 
classes of entry for almost every country of citizenship 
(Chart F). More than 80 percent of Japanese nonim- 
migrants were tourists, compared to fewer than 70 per- 
cent of citizens of the United Kingdom, and only 40 per- 
cent of Chinese (Mainland China and Taiwan) (Table 
38). Just as 4 countries dominated nonimmigrant ad- 
missions to the United States in 1986, so did 4 ports 
of entry. New York (26 percent), Miami (16 percent), Los 
Angeles (11 percent), and Honolulu (10 percent) 
together accounted for more than 60 percent of all en- 
trants (Table 41). 



Chart F 

Nonimmigrants Admitted by Selected Class of Admission from Top Ten Countries of Citizenship: 

Fiscal Year 1986 

Thousands 



1,600 

1,400 

01,200 

1,000 

800 

600 

400 

th) 200 

ID 
i 



.-. 




/^| Visitors for pleasure 
| Visitors for business 
2 Other 




liiillHl 









\ 



\ 



«. 



% 



\ 



\ 



\ 



\ 



\IOTE: China includes Mainland China and Taiwan. 
Source: Table 38. 



XXVII 



Chart G 

Nonimmigrants Admitted: Fiscal Years 1975-86 

Millions 



11 




1975 



1976 1977 



78 




1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 



NOTE: Partial data available for 1979 and no data available for 1980. 
Source: Table 39. 



As noted, the 1986 total of 10.5 million nonimmigrant 
arrivals represents an increase of almost one million 
(8.9 percent) from the previous fiscal year. Total admis- 
sions numbered about 6.3 million during 1975 and 
steadily increased to historical highs of about 11.8 
million in both 1981 and 1982. Total arrivals stabilized 
at about 9.5 million from 1983 to 1985 after the downturn 
in 1983 (Chart G). 

The overall volume of nonimmigrant arrivals has in- 
creased by sixty-seven percent since 1975. Table E 
shows the countries of last residence which increased 
the most during the period 1975-86. Visitors (mostly for 
pleasure) from Japan and the United Kingdom show 
by far the largest absolute increases. The Bahamas 
ranks very high, due mainly to a high volume of repeat 
visits throughout the period. Canada and Mexico do not 
appear on this list because most of the millions of 
visitors from these contiguous countries enter under ex- 
pedited procedures and do not require visas or l-94s 
when entering the United States (see Data Collection 
section). 



XXVIII 



Admissions have shown a high degree of seasonality 
with nonimmigrants arriving in the United States most 
ly in the summer months (peaking in July) with a lessei 
but noticeable secondary peak in December. This trenc 
can be observed from 1983 through 1986 in Chart H 



Data Collection 

The Nonimmigrant Information System (NIIS) is an im- 
portant component of the Servicewide automation thai 
has accelerated rapidly during the past six years. The 
system, now in its fifth year of operation, is designee 
to provide for each nonimmigrant a record of legal ad- 
mission, record the departure of each nonimmigrant; 
and to provide statistics for such variables as age, coun- 
try of citizenship, class of admission, visa-issuing post, 
port of entry, and destination in the United States. Many 
nonimmigrants enter and leave the United States more 
than once each year and the NIIS system records each 
entry separately. The system is the largest in the INS 



Table E 
Nonimmigrants Admitted from Top Fifteen Countries of Last Residence, Ranked by Change: 

Fiscal Years 1975-86 
(Numbers in thousands) 



Country of last residence 


1986 


1975 


Change 


Country of last residence 


1986 


1975 


Change 


1) Japan 


1,683 


792 


891 


10) Colombia 


159 


65 


94 


2) United Kingdom 


1,152 


483 


669 


11) Argentina 


181 


88 


93 


3) France 


448 


174 


274 


12) Netherlands 


168 


79 


89 


4) The Bahamas 


253 


85 


168 


13) Israel 


137 


51 


86 


5) China 


187 


20 


167 


14) Sweden 


141 


57 


84 


6) Italy 


275 


113 


162 


15) Korea 


103 


20 


83 


7) Brazil 


251 


99 


152 










8) Australia 


259 


121 


138 


Other 


4,891 


3,966 


925 


9) Switzerland 


183 


71 


112 


Total 


10,471 


6,284 


4,187 



Note: China includes Mainland China and Taiwan. 
Source: Table 37. 



Chart H 

Nonimmigrants Admitted by Selected Class and Month of Admission: 



Calendar Years 1983-86 



Thousands 



1,000 



900 



800 



700 



600 



500 



Visitors for pleasure 



i 

i 
i 
i 



i 
i 
i 



i 

i 

i 

i 

i 

\ 

\ 

\ 

\ 

\ 

\ 



% 
i 

i 
i 



i 

t 

i 
i 
i 
\ 



400 



H 

II 

f t 
f t 

, I t 

M t 



VI 



n 
ii 

/ i 



i 

t 

t 

i 

i 

i 

t 

t 



\* 






**i 



300 



»./ 



Visitors for business 



/i 

/ » 

i t 

v i » i 



Other 



i 
i 

i 

i 

i 
i 



/\ 



jadi 




• * * • • •■ •• 

•• •••••♦•• • • • • 



Jan. 



I 

July 

1983 



I 
Jan. 



I 
July 

1984 



I 

Jan. 



I 

July 

1985 



I 
Jan. 



July 
1986 



I 

Jan. 



XXIX 



with an active data base of over twenty million records 
and an additional "archive" of around twenty million. 

Arriving foreign students were included in the NHS 
system during its first two years of operation; however, 
arrival forms for this nonimmigrant class are now pro- 
cessed in a separate automated system, the Student/ 
School System (STSC), designed to produce detailed 
statistics on foreign-student arrivals, departures, and the 
foreign-student population in the United States. 

An understanding of the principal steps in the process 
of nonimmigrant admission to the United States is 
useful for understanding the data produced by the 
NIIS/STSC systems. First, a nonimmigrant visa is 
secured at a U.S. Consulate abroad. Prior to departing 
for the United States, nonimmigrants are screened in- 
itially by the transportation company to assure ad- 
missibility. During the trip INS Form 1-94 is distributed 
to non-U. S. citizens. At the port of entry, each arriving 
nonimmigrant presents a visa and a completed Form 
1-94 to an immigration inspector. Among other actions, 
the inspector checks the form for completeness, deter- 
mines the length of admission, and stamps the class 
of admission and port of entry on the form. The arrival 
portion is torn off, retained by the inspector, and sent 
to a central data processing facility. The matching 
departure section of the form, usually stapled into the 
passport, is the nonimmigrant's proof of legal admis- 
sion to the United States. This section of Form 1-94, col- 
lected at departure, is also sent to the data processing 
facility where it is keypunched and matched to the ar- 
rival section of the form. 

The Nonimmigrant Information System also includes in- 
formation on parolees (entering for humanitarian, 
medical, or legal reasons), withdrawals, stowaways, 
deferred inspections (admitted to appear at an INS of- 
fice where formal inspection can be completed), and 
refugees. Refugees are also counted independently in 
a separate data system (see Refugee section). Data for 
these classes of admission are not shown in the nonim- 
migrant tables but are included in summary form in foot- 
notes to the appropriate tables. 

The Nonimmigrant Information System does not include 
data for permanent resident aliens returning after short 
visits abroad who are technically defined as nonim- 
migrants, or for most of the millions of citizens of 
Canada and Mexico who cross the border for brief 
periods of time. Most aliens entering the United States 
from Canada or Mexico do not require any documenta- 
tion: Canadians may travel for business or pleasure 
without travel restrictions for a period of six months 



without requiring nonimmigrant visas; Mexicans cross- 
ing the border frequently may apply for border cross- 
ing cards which can be used for admission to the United 
States for business or pleasure within twenty-five miles 
of the Southwestern border for a period not to exceed 
seventy-two hours. The procedures used to count 
border crossers and to determine the citizen/alien 
breakdown vary significantly among ports (see Entries 
section). 

Limitations of Data 

While the development of the current NIIS/STSC data 
base systems produced a marked improvement begin- 
ning in 1983 for the collection and dissemination of data 
on nonimmigrant arrivals and departures, collection and 
update procedures create inherent problems and limita- 
tions in the data. As alluded to earlier, the data systems 
record arrivals via collection of Form I-94; thus, data 
represent each arrival event during the year rather than 
the actual number of individuals admitted. Nonim- 
migrants in several classes of admission, especially 
students and visitors for business, often execute multi- 
ple entries in any given year. 

Recording departures is a major area of concern withir 
the data systems. While nearly all of the arrivals are 
recorded in the systems, the collection rate for depar- 
tures, especially at land borders, is considerably lower 
This arises predominantly from the fact that arriving 
nonimmigrants are universally inspected by immigra 
tion inspectors, at which time Form I-94 is collected 
while departure forms are less likely to be collected. A 
air terminals, through which ninety percent of visitors 
depart, the representative of the air carrier rather thar 
an INS official has responsibility for the collection of the 
departure portion of the I-94. At land borders there i; 
often no arrangement for the collection of the document 
This inconsistency in the collection process is a source 
of "system error" when arrival and departure record; 
are matched, giving the false indication that many more 
visitors overstay their period of admission than actual 
ly do. 

Finally, there are gaps in the historical nonimmigran 
data series due to the INS' loss of arrival and depar 
ture records for July to September 1979, all of 1980, anc 
for most characteristics for 1981 and 1982. Data foi 
country of last residence and class of admission are 
the only variables available for 1981 and 1982. 



xxx 



V. Naturalizations 



Aliens naturalized refer to those aliens upon whom U.S. 
citizenship was conferred by a naturalization court or, 
if outside the United States, by a representative of the 
Immigration and Naturalization Service. As part of the 
naturalization process, applicants pledge an oath of 
allegiance to the United States, thereby renouncing 
allegiance to their former countries of nationality. 

The 280,623 aliens naturalized in fiscal year 1986 con- 
stitute the largest number of naturalizations since 1944, 
when 441,979 people naturalized (Chart I). The 1986 
figure represents a 14.7 percent increase over the 
244,717 naturalizations in fiscal year 1985. The number 



of naturalizations has been rising steadily since a slight 
decline during the 1978-80 period. Although the 3 
leading countries of birth remained constant for persons 
naturalizing from 1985 to 1986— Vietnam, the Philip- 
pines, and Mexico— Vietnam moved from third to first 
place, (31,158 persons naturalized) replacing the Philip- 
pines (31,075). The number of new citizens from Viet- 
nam increased by nearly 13,000 from the previous year, 
the largest increase of any country for the year. 

U.S. Naturalization Policy 

In order to naturalize and become a U.S. citizen, an im- 
migrant must fulfill certain requirements set forth in the 
Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) concerning age, 
lawful admission, and residence in the United States. 



Chart I 

Persons Naturalized by Provision of Law: 



Fiscal Years 1908-86 



Thousands 



General 
provisions 

Special provisions 
and unknown 




1986 



Source: Tables 43 and 44. 



XXXI 



Chart J 

Persons Naturalized by Decade and Selected Region of Birth: Fiscal Years 1951-86 



1951-60 



2.0% 




1961-70 

2.2% 1 i 1.5% 



1971-80 

5.3% 1 , 2.3% 




I I Europe 

vA Asia 

£!!i! North America 
iH South America 
D Other 




1981-86 

6.1% 1 i 2.7% 




Source: 1986, Table 51; 1951-85, previous yearbooks. 



Additional requirements include the ability to speak, 
read, and write the English language; knowledge of the 
U.S. government and U.S. history; and having good 
character. The general naturalization provisions specify 
that an alien must fulfill the following conditions: be at 
least eighteen years of age; have been lawfully admit- 
ted to the United States for permanent residence; and 
have resided in the country continuously for at least five 
years. These minimum requirements must be met for 
an alien to be considered for naturalization under the 
general provisions of immigration law. Over eighty-five 



percent of immigrants currently naturalize under tht 
general provisions. The remaining immigrants wh( 
naturalize do so under the special provisions of the lav 
(Chart I). 

The special provisions of naturalization law exemp 
aliens from one or more of the requirements of tn< 
general provisions. Spouses and children of U.S 
citizens and military classes constitute the main specia 
naturalization categories. The majority of peopl* 
naturalizing as spouses of U.S. citizens may do so ir 



XXXII 



three years rather than the prescribed five years re- 
quired under the general provisions. Children who im- 
migrate with their parents generally do not naturalize, 
but derive their U.S. citizenship through the naturaliza- 
tion of their parents. Children adopted by U.S. citizens, 
however, naturalize to become U.S. citizens. These 
children may naturalize prior to reaching age eighteen 
with no residency requirements necessary after having 
been admitted for lawful permanent residence. Aliens 
who served honorably during World War I, World War 
II, the Korean Conflict, or the Vietnam Conflict, under 
certain conditions, may naturalize without prior admis- 
sion to permanent residence. Also, they need not have 
resided in the country for a particular length of time. 
Although there are other special naturalization 
categories, those specified above currently account for 
over ninety percent of the naturalizations under special 
provisions. 

Every applicant for naturalization in the United States 
must file an application for naturalization, either Form 
N-400, Application to File Petition for Naturalization, or 
Form N-402, Application to File Petition for Naturaliza- 
tion in Behalf of Child. All aliens filing these applica- 
tions who appear to meet the naturalization re- 
quirements must be interviewed by an INS officer to 
determine their eligibility to naturalize. During the in- 
terview the officer discerns the applicant's knowledge 
and understanding of the English language as well as 
of the history and government of the United States. 
Those applicants found qualified are scheduled for a 
final hearing before a judge who performs the 
naturalization ceremony. 



Data Overview 



As the sending areas of immigrants admitted to the 
United States have shifted, so have the origins of per- 
sons naturalized. Data by region of birth indicate that 
major changes have occurred between 1951 and 1986 
(Chart J). Naturalizations for Europe, the leading region 
through 1970, declined by seventy-five percent from the 
1950s through the 1980s, while naturalizations for all 
other regions combined more than tripled during the 
same period. The Immigration and Nationality Act of 
1952 removed all racial restrictions on naturalization, 
thus allowing increases in naturalizations for regions 
other than Europe. Asia has become the leading region 
of birth representing nearly fifty percent of all naturaliza- 
tions for the 1981-86 period. The predominance of Asia 
as the region of origin for naturalizations echoes the 
increase in immigration from Asia as a result of the 1965 
Amendments to the Immigration and Nationality Act and 
the arrival of Indochinese refugees beginning in 1975. 

Since most naturalizations occur under the general pro- 
visions of naturalization law, the majority of aliens 
naturalizing must have resided in the United States for 
at least five years as lawful permanent residents. Data 
on persons naturalized by median length of residence 
indicate that the median number of years of residence 
for the total naturalized population has remained fairly 
constant over the last thirty years, at about eight years. 
Major differences, however, are evident between 
regions (Table F). 



Table F 
Median Years of Residence by Year of Naturalization 
and Region of Birth: Selected Fiscal Years 1960-86 



Region of birth 


1986 


1980 


1975 


1970 


1965 


1960 


All persons naturalized 


8 


8 


7 


8 


7 


8 


Europe 


9 


10 


8 


9 


7 


7 


Asia 


7 


7 


6 


6 


6 


6 


Africa 


7 


7 


6 


6 


6 


6 


Oceania 


9 


8 


7 


9 


8 


10 


North America 


13 


1 1 


9 


7 


9 


10 


South America 


9 


9 


10 


7 


7 


7 



Source: 1986, Table 51; 1960-80, previous yearbooks. 



XXXIII 



Data by region for 1 986 range from Asia and Africa with 
median lengths of residence of seven years, to North 
America at thirteen years. Historically there have been 
shifts in the median years of residence, as with Europe, 
North America, and South America. However, the data 
reveal that, in general, Asians and Africans tend to 
naturalize soon after they are eligible to do so, while 
aliens from other regions remain in the United States 
as lawful permanent residents for longer periods of time 
prior to naturalizing. 

Data on naturalizations by selected country of birth for 
the 1970-79 immigrant cohort reveal major differences 
in naturalization rates by country (Chart K). The 
naturalization rates range from Canada, with 8.9 per- 
cent of the immigrant cohort having naturalized through 
fiscal year 1986, to Vietnam with 59.1 percent naturaliz- 
ed. Of the 15 leading immigrant-sending countries for 
the 1970-79 period, Asian countries have the highest 
naturalization rates. In addition to Vietnam, China 
(Mainland and Taiwan) (57.7 percent), the Philippines 
(56.4), Korea (51 .4), and India (41 .8) are the countries 



with the highest rates of naturalization. The two coun- 
tries with the lowest rates are contiguous to the United 
States— Canada and Mexico (9.0 percent). Other coun- 
tries within North America have higher rates of 
naturalization, such as Cuba (23.9 percent) and 
Jamaica (23.6 percent). The European naturalization 
rates range from 15.7 percent for the United Kingdom 
to 33.7 percent for Greece. The data by country are 
consistent with the data on median years of residence 
by region, which show that, as a group, Asians and 
Africans naturalize more quickly than persons from 
other regions. 



Data Collection 

Data on persons naturalized in the United States are 
collected by approximately sixty-five INS offices where 
aliens intending to naturalize may file their applications. 
The INS collects two types of data on naturaliza- 
tions: workload statistics and data on the 
characteristics of aliens who have naturalized. The 



Chart K 

Immigrants Admitted, Calendar Years 1970-79 by Selected Country of Birth 

and Naturalizations of those Immigrants: Fiscal Years 1970-86 



Mexico 

Philippines 

Cuba 

Korea 

China 

India 

Vietnam 

Dominican Rep. 

Italy 

Jamaica 

United Kingdom 

Canada 

Portugal 

Greece 

Colombia 

Thousands 



Percent 
Naturalized 




■\\W\W\N 

iWWWWN 
■\W\WN 



Persons naturalized 



100 



-/ 



r 

Immigrants admitted 



200 



300 



400 



500 



600 



NOTE: China includes Mainland China and Taiwan. 



XXXIV 



9.0 
56.4 
23.9 
51.4 
57.7 
41.8 
59.1 
15.9 
19.3 
23.6 
15.7 

8.9 
21.8 
33.7 
24.2 



workload data consist of the number of naturalization 
applications received, the number of petitions filed with 
courts, as well as the number of aliens naturalized dur- 
ing a fiscal year. These data are collected by each INS 
office as part of the Service's work measurement data 
(see Entries section). 

Data on the characteristics of aliens naturalized in a 
fiscal year also are collected by INS offices where aliens 
file their naturalization applications. These detailed 
characteristics are collected either through the manual 
coding of data from the naturalization application or 
through the automated Naturalization Casework 
System (NACS), an application tracking system which 
has been implemented in several of the larger INS of- 
fices. The data collected on aliens naturalized include 
demographic variables (e.g., date and country of birth, 
sex, marital status, and occupation) as well as 
immigration-oriented variables (e.g., date of admission 
for permanent residence and section of naturalization 
law). 



A second problem exists with the data collected on 
derivative citizenship in that the data have not includ- 
ed all individuals deriving or acquiring citizenship. 
Rather, the data have covered only those persons who 
have requested and been issued certificates of citizen- 
ship, regardless of when U.S. citizenship was derived 
or acquired. A person may request a certificate at any 
time after derivation, or may never request one. The 
resulting data only relate to the administrative function 
of issuing certificates of citizenship. The naturalization 
data, therefore, are underreported because of the defi- 
ciencies of the data on derivative citizenship. The INS 
is designing a new procedure for collecting complete 
statistics on derivative citizenship to correct these prob- 
lems. The new collection system is expected to begin 
operation in October 1987. 



VI. Enforcement 



Limitations of Data 

In addition to birth in the United States, there are four 
ways of becoming a U.S. citizen: naturalization in a 
court ceremony; derivation through the naturalization 
of parents; acquisition at birth abroad to citizen parents; 
and legislation naturalizing certain groups of persons. 
Data on naturalizations collected by the INS cover 
those aliens who have naturalized in court ceremonies 
each fiscal year. Individuals who have become U.S. 
citizens through the derivation or acquisition process 
are a part of the derivative citizenship data series col- 
lected by the INS. Aliens who become U.S. citizens 
through the legislative process are not covered by data 
collected by the INS. A recent example of the legislative 
procedure occurred upon the dissolution of the Trust 
Territory of the Pacific through which the Northern 
Mariana Islands became a commonwealth of the United 
States, making its residents U.S. citizens. 

In recent years there have been problems with the com- 
pleteness of data collected on derivative citizenship. 
Those INS offices which have the NACS system, in 
some instances, have not used the system for process- 
ing derivative casework, nor have the required data 
been processed through other means. Additionally, 
coding backlogs in nonautomated offices have caus- 
ed severe deficiencies in the data on derivative citizen- 
ship collected by the INS. Therefore, since fiscal year 
1984, data on derivative citizenship have not been 
published. 



This section covers a variety of actions that the INS 
groups as enforcement: apprehensions, expulsions, 
and exclusions. Apprehensions are arrests of aliens in 
violation of the Immigration and Nationality Act. If an 
alien is to be removed from the country, that removal 
may be effected by one of several means. The best 
known is deportation; however, most aliens are actual- 
ly removed under a process called "voluntary depar- 
ture with safeguards". Under this procedure an alien 
admits to illegal status and agrees to leave the United 
States. The alien further agrees to remain in custody 
until departure, and the departure is observed by an 
officer of the INS. If the alien refuses the offer of volun- 
tary departure, or if no such offer is made, the alien is 
entitled to a hearing and is placed under "docket con- 
trol" (an INS office takes control of the processing of 
the case and a file is created on the alien). An officer 
documents the grounds for deportability and prepares 
a case that may eventually be argued before an im- 
migration judge. During this process an alien may be 
offered voluntary departure and, if accepted, the expul- 
sion is known as a "required departure under docket 
control". In some cases the offer of voluntary departure 
will not or cannot be made; those cases may result in 
deportation. Other possible outcomes include adjust- 
ment to a legal status, a stay of deportation (such as 
the stays currently given to Polish nationals and others), 
or an alien who absconds. A deported alien may not 
be admitted to the United States for a period of five 
years after deportation unless the Attorney General 



xxxv 



grants a waiver of the prohibition. An apprehended alien 
who accepts the offer of voluntary departure and pays 
the expense of departing can be legally admitted in the 
future without penalty. 

The Immigration and Naturalization Service has the in- 
itial responsibility for determining who may be admit- 
ted to the United States. In the past, the Statistical Year- 
book included statistics for only those aliens who had 
been denied entry after a formal exclusion hearing 
before an immigration judge. However, the overwhelm- 
ing number of aliens who fail to gain admission are 
those who withdraw their application during the inspec- 
tion process after the INS presents evidence that they 
are inadmissible to the United States. Large numbers 
of aliens withdraw during primary inspection and even 
larger numbers withdraw during secondary inspection. 



Apprehensions 

The Immigration and Naturalization Service recorded 
slightly more than 21 million apprehensions from 1951 
through 1986. Apprehensions increased dramatically 



during the 1970s, reaching a total of 8.3 million for the 
decade. ADprehensions continued to increase during 
the 1980s with fiscal year 1986 establishing an historical 
high of 1.8 million (Chart L). INS statistics on apprehen- 
sions include individuals who have been apprehend- 
ed more than once during the reporting year. 

Through fiscal year 1986, the INS data on apprehen- 
sions included very little demographic data. For exam- 
ple, only incomplete information was available about the 
age-sex distribution, occupation, or nationality of ap- 
prehended aliens. In order to improve these statistics, 
the INS began to compile statistics from Form 1-213, 
Record of Deportable Alien, which it completes for each 
apprehended alien. A pilot test in March 1986 
demonstrated that useful information could be compiled 
from a sample of these forms and the sample was 
begun on a regular basis in November 1986. 

The March 1986 sample included 56 nationalities. 
Aliens from Mexico dominated the statistics on ap- 
prehensions, accounting for 97 percent of the total. The 
largest number of apprehensions for other nationalities 
were for El Salvador, Guatemala, Colombia, Nicaragua, 
Canada, and Honduras. 



Chart L 

Aliens Apprehended: Fiscal Years 1951-86 

Thousands 



1,500 

1,250 

1,000 

750 

500 


J 


1 

A 


250 




^^H 







L_ ^_^^HH 





1951 1955 



1960 



1965 



1970 



1975 



1980 



198 



Source: Table 54. 
xxxvi 



' abov 



Data on age and sex are recorded on Form 1-213. Ap- 
prehended non Mexicans tended to be older than Mex- 
icans; the median ages were 24.5 and 22.5 years, 
respectively. Apprehended Mexicans are overwhelming- 
ly male (93 percent in March). NonMexicans were also 
more likely to be male, but the proportion of women was 
substantially higher. For example, 30 percent of 
Salvadorans were female as were 29 percent of Hon- 
durans, 38 percent of Nicaraguans, 24 percent of Col- 
ombians, 23 percent of Guatemalans, and 21 percent 
of Canadians. 

The work experience of apprehended aliens would be 
of interest for examining the labor market impact of il- 
legal immigration. Unfortunately, most 1-213 forms are 
not specific about the work status of apprehended 
aliens because most aliens are apprehended by the 
Border Patrol as they cross the border. These aliens 
generally claim to be seeking work and are most often 
recorded simply as "laborers". 

One problem with the current data is that it is not possi- 
ble to link apprehensions with dispositions (expulsion, 
adjustment of status, etc.). Expulsion proceedings take 
time, and final disposition of the case may occur in 
some later fiscal year. An automated case tracking 
system is in the planning stage; therefore, in future 
years it might be possible to link apprehensions with 
dispositions. 



Expulsions 



■ [In the past, the Statistical Yearbook has treated depor- 
i tations and required departures separately. Since both 
^ iare expulsions, this description will treat them together. 

The INS enumerates the third and largest category of 
i expulsions, voluntary departure under safeguard, for 
J workload management purposes, and little information 
■i i s available on this group. The bulk of these removals 

•are of Mexican nationals who are returned across the 
it southern border soon after their apprehension. 

I This Yearbook includes two new tables (58 and 61) that 
Ibhow the calendar year of actual expulsion. Tables 
tin previous yearbooks display statistics for the fiscal 
/ear of verification of expulsion. 

Expulsions under docket control 
(Calendar year, actual) 



i=K 



1980 


58,320 


1981 


68,898 


1982 


61,879 


1983 


59,098 


1984 


54,915 


1985 


59,421 


1986 


41,072 



f all voluntary departures were included, the figures 
ibove would be much higher. For instance, in 1986 



voluntary departures under safeguard numbered 
1,548,816. 

The distribution of docket control cases for individual 
countries has been relatively stable since 1980, with a 
few exceptions. The number of expelled Iranians drop- 
ped from 1,549 (2.7 percent of total expulsions) in 1980 
to 390 (.7 percent) in 1985. Colombians increased from 
1,740 (3.0 percent) in 1980 to 3,378 (5.7 percent) in 1985. 
The number of aliens from Mexico under docket con- 
trol has been fairly stable except for 1981 when 34,001 
were expelled— almost 6,500 more than the next highest 
year. The numbers of Salvadorans under docket con- 
trol have fluctuated from a high of 6,844 in 1980 to a 
low of 4,584 in 1984 followed by an increase to 5,723 
in 1985. 

In 1985, the INS expelled aliens from 147 countries; 46 
countries had more than 100 expulsions each. Mexi- 
can nationals were by far the most numerous, account- 
ing for 41.7 percent of all expulsions under docket 
control. The top ten nationalities accounted for 78.8 per- 
cent of these expulsions. 



Country 


Number 


Percent of total 


Mexico 


24,778 


41.7 


El Salvador 


5,723 


9.6 


Colombia 


3,378 


5.7 


Guatemala 


3,212 


5.4 


Haiti 


2,768 


4.7 


Dominican Republic 


2,302 


3.9 


Honduras 


1,484 


2.5 


Jamaica 


1,469 


2.5 


United Kingdom 


857 


1.4 


Ecuador 


845 


1.4 



The data on expulsions (under docket control) reported 
in this Yearbook and in previous editions, must be us- 
ed cautiously. One problem is the time lags in repor- 
ting expulsions. This time lag is different for deporta- 
tions and required departures. Slightly more than 90 
percent of deportations recorded in fiscal year 1986 ac- 
tually occurred in that fiscal year; 7.5 percent were in 
fiscal year 1985 and the rest occurred earlier. Only 68.7 
percent of the required departures recorded in fiscal 
year 1986 actually took place in fiscal year 1986; 18.8 
percent were in fiscal year 1985, 4.8 percent in fiscal 
year 1984, and the rest were earlier. The reporting lag 
results primarily from a delay in receiving verification 
that an alien has left the country. As a result, the 
statistics may give a misleading impression about the 
numbers of aliens expelled in any given year. Therefore, 
beginning in 1986, the Yearbook will show data by 
calendar year of actual expulsion. However, such data 
will need to be continuously updated and cannot be 



xxxvu 



considered complete for at least four years. The fiscal 
year data are retained for comparison with previous 
yearbooks. 

Another area of caution involves the types of data on 
expulsions that the INS collects. The INS originally 
designed these data sets for administrative purposes, 
hence their analytical value is limited. The "cause" for 
expulsion (Tables 59 and 63) reflects only the final 
charge upheld against an alien. The INS pursues (or 
accepts) lesser charges when it is in the government's 
interest to do so. Most aliens are charged with illegal 
entry or violation of nonimmigrant status, but some of 
those cases initially carried more serious charges (e.g., 
criminal or narcotics charges). Finally, the destination 
and nationality of an expelled alien need not match. The 
inconsistency rate in fiscal year 1986 is 2.7 percent for 
deportations and 20.1 percent for required departures. 



Exclusions 

There are a number of opportunities for an alien to 
withdraw a request for admission to the United States 
before the formal exclusion process before an immigra- 
tion judge. In fiscal year 1986, 204,772 aliens withdrew 
during primary inspection. Another 477,487 aliens 
withdrew during secondary inspection. Only 8,170 aliens 
continued their case before an immigration judge. Of 
this latter group, 2,241 aliens were formally excluded. 

The INS has detailed data for only those aliens who are 
formally excluded. These data are limited, with only 
country of birth and cause of exclusion being of general 
interest. Four countries account for slightly more than 
half of all exclusions: Haiti (496), the Dominican 
Republic (382), Mexico (180), and Colombia (162). 



VII. Entries 

The Immigration and Naturalization Service admits 
roughly 300 million persons (aliens and U.S. citizens) 
into the United States each year. Individuals who seek 
entry into the United States are inspected at ports of 
entry by immigration officers to determine admissibili- 
ty. The estimated number admitted in 1986 increased 
to 320 million, which was 4.2 percent above the level 
estimated in 1985. As in past years, admissions at Mex- 
ican border ports were nearly 60 percent of total admis- 
sions, while admissions at Canadian border ports 
stayed at about 30 percent. The remaining 10 percent 
were mainly persons arriving through interior ports of 
entry. 



Inspections 

The inspection process involves all work performed ir 
connection with the inspection of aliens and the ex 
amination of citizens entering the United States, in 
eluding preinspection performed by the INS outside tht 
United States. An inspector is responsible for determin 
ing the nationality of each applicant for admission and 
if an alien, admissibility according to the requirements 
of U.S. immigration law. 

The two main functions within the inspections opera 
tion are classified by the INS as primary and secondan 
inspections. Primary inspection is conducted to decidf 
admissibility at initial contact with the applicant; the per 
son is admitted when no further action or additiona 
documentation is needed. Secondary inspection occur: 
when grounds for admissibility cannot be establishei 
during primary inspection. Those who do not meet re 
quirements for admission are ultimately excluded o 
denied entry into the United States (See Enforcemen 
section). 

All individuals inspected fall into one of two categories 
alien or U.S. citizen. Within these categories, statistic 
are maintained for border crossers, crewmen, an 
documented aliens. Border crossers are generally thos 
aliens or U.S. citizens who enter the United States fror 
Canada or Mexico for brief periods or in a commute 
status. Crewmen include aliens or U.S. citizens who ar 
employed on a vessel or aircraft operating between U.J 
territories and foreign countries. Documented aliens ar 
individuals entering the United States, generally froi 
countries other than Canada or Mexico, who arrive wit 
various kinds of supporting documents, such as leg; 
permanent resident documents, refugee travi 
documents, or immigrant or nonimmigrant visas. 



Data Overview 

The Immigration and Naturalization Service conducte 
an estimated 320 million primary inspections in fisc; 
year 1986. Of these, 58 percent were estimated to b 
aliens and 42 percent U.S. citizens. The estimated tot; 
number of aliens (187 million) was composed of 90 
percent border crossers, 1.7 percent crewmen, and 7 
percent documented aliens. Citizen admissions (13 
million) were 87.6 percent border crossers, 1.1 percei 
crewmen, and 11.3 percent entries from other tha 
Canada or Mexico. 

In fiscal year 1986, two states, Texas and California, ai 
counted for 53 percent (170 million) of total admission: 
The largest numbers of admissions occurred in Sa 
Ysidro, California (34 million) and El Paso, Texas (2 
million) (see Table 68 and Chart M). 



XXXVIII 



Lin 



ait 



Chart M 

Estimated Primary Inspection Admissions for Top Twenty Ports of Entry: 



Fiscal Year 1986 



San Ysidro, CA 

El Paso, TX 

Calexico, CA 

Detroit, Ml 

Brownsville, TX 

Hidalgo, TX 

Laredo, TX 

Nogales, AZ 

Blaine, WA 

Juarez Lincoln Br., 

Peace Bridge, NY 

Niagara Falls, NY 

New York, NY 

Otay Mesa, CA 

San Luis, AZ 

Calais, ME 

Eagle Pass, TX 
« Douglas, AZ 

Miami, FL 
" Port Huron, Ml 



>/////////;//;;//// / >/;/////////////;/////?/////;//;)/;;///;;;>//;////A 



i ■ ■ " • '•" ■ \ \"\ 



//////////>/////////>y//7777\ 



\ , , ? \ 



TX 



/////////, 



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, ' ":: ~\ 



z ' " 1 



VZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZ2 



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•~H 



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Xzzzzzzzm 

V////////M 
Y//////A 

V///////X 



Millions 



10 



15 



20 



25 



30 



35 



Source: Table 68. 



Data Collection 



| Data on inspections are compiled from the G-23 Report 
of Field Operations, a management report showing 
workload and resource summaries for most INS cen- 
tral office and field activities. The report is currently 
created using manual input procedures. The process 
begins when employees fill in daily workload forms. 
Consolidated office-level forms are mailed from 170 in- 
spection ports of entry to the INS central office in 
Washington, D.C. for processing on a monthly basis. 
The reporting cycle takes about six weeks from the time 
data are collected in the field to the time reports are 
produced and distributed. Data from Form G-23 are 
also used to construct Yearbook tables on deportable 
;" 2 aliens located (see Enforcement section). 

i 
on 

5 a With the current level of editing, the estimated error for 
ifl reported counts of aliens and citizens is less than five 
percent. However, the error for alien and citizen counts 
at the point of collection has not been estimated, part- 
y due to the variation in estimation methodologies ap- 
Dlied at each port of entry. Although inspections data 



imitations of Data 



are believed to be accurate enough to estimate INS 
workload and resource requirements, caution must be 
used in the interpretation of these data. The admission 
figures for aliens and citizens should, at best, be con- 
sidered estimates that contain unspecified measure- 
ment error. 

The figures for border crossers reported in 1986 are not 
comparable with statistics for previous years due to a 
definitional change. As a result, the table showing ad- 
missions by state and port for 1986 includes total 
estimated primary inspections instead of just "border 
crossers" as in the 1985 Yearbook. A table for border 
crossers, generally consistent with previous years (but 
not included in this report), has been compiled for 1986 
for use as a reference table. 



VIM. Public Use Tapes 

Information on aliens granted immigrant status may be 
purchased on magnetic tapes or diskettes from the Na- 
tional Technical Information Service (NTIS). These 
tapes contain information on immigrants admitted from 
fiscal years 1972-86. The data files come on five tapes, 



xxxix 



each covering a three-year span. The variables included 
on the tape for fiscal years 1984-86 are: 



Port of entry 
Month of admission 
Year of admission 
Class of admission 
Age 

Country of birth 
Marital status 
Sex 

Nationality 
Occupation 
Type of case 
Country of 
chargeability 



— Labor certification 

— Country of last 

permanent residence 

— Nonimmigrant class 

of entry 

— Nonimmigrant year 

of entry 

— INS district of 

intended residence 

— Zip code of intended 

residence 



The source tape is formatted in EBCDIC character set 
and is available in 9 track 1600 bpi or 6250 bpi. 
Documentation is also included with the tape by year. 
For information on how to order the tapes or diskettes, 
please call the Computer Products Office of the NTIS 
at (703) 487-4763. 

The Statistical Yearbook may also be purchased from 
the NTIS in paper copy or microfiche form beginning 
with fiscal year 1965. Prior to 1978, INS statistical data 
were included in the Annual Report of the Immigration 
and Naturalization Service. Those reports contain 
descriptions of INS' activities and accomplishments in 
addition to the statistical tables. To order, call the NTIS 
at (703) 487-4650. 



IX. Data Gaps 



In recent years INS' capability for processing and 
distributing information about immigrants, temporary 
visitors, and other categories of international migrants 
has increased substantially as automation has pro- 
ceeded throughout the Service. Despite these gains, 
however, gaps remain in our knowledge about the flow 
of immigration to and from the United States. In some 
areas these deficiencies persist because of the inherent 
difficulty in estimating the numbers, as is the case for 
emigration and illegal immigration. Although some pro- 
gress has been made in recent years in estimating the 
level of emigration and illegal immigration, no informa- 
tion about either of these two categories is included in 
the Statistical Yearbook tables. 

Emigration 

The collection of statistics on emigration from the United 
States was discontinued in 1957; no direct measure of 
emigration has been available since then. Estimates 
compiled recently in this country and statistics collected 
by other countries demonstrate that emigration from the 



xl 



United States has continued, and probably increased 
considerably, since the 1950s. 2 

The estimates indicate that the average flow of alien 
emigration has exceeded 100,000 per year since 1970. 
These figures are consistent with U.S. historical ex- 
perience; between 1900 and 1980, approximately 30 
million immigrants were admitted, and an estimated 10 
million foreign-born persons emigrated. The U.S. 
Bureau of the Census currently uses an annual emigra- 
tion figure of 160,000, which includes both citizens and 
aliens, for computing national population estimates. 

Information about emigration of the native-born popula- 
tion is limited, but estimates can be derived from cen- 
sus data and other information collected in various 
countries of the world. According to the 1977 U.N. 
Demographic Yearbook , average annual emigration of 
U.S. citizens from the United States to selected coun- 
tries during the 1970-74 period was as follows: Australia, 
13,000; Canada, 25,000; Germany, 28,000; Japan, 
23,000; and the United Kingdom, 21,000. No informa- 
tion is available on how many of these persons later 
returned to the United States. 



Illegal Immigration 

The annual INS Statistical Yearbook does not include J 
statistics on the number of illegal aliens entering or 
residing in the United States. The term "illegal alien" 
could be broadly defined as any foreign-born person 
present in the United States who is in a deportable 
status, including, for example, a tourist who departed 
a day or two late. The term could be more narrowly 
defined to include only those who have establishec 
residence and intend to remain here permanently. Ob- 
viously, the size of this population would vary con- 
siderably depending on the definition used. The 
estimates described briefly in this section corresponc 
generally to the second, more restrictive, definition o 
the illegal population. 

During the 1980s, empirically-based estimates of the 
number of illegal residents gradually replaced the more 
speculative figures that were reported in the 1970s. The 
most reliable data available indicate that the resident 
illegal population was in the range of about 2 to 4 millior 
in 1980. The Census Bureau's Current Population 
Survey (CPS) has been used to monitor changes in the 
foreign-born population since 1980. Based primarily on 
data from the census and the CPS, the Census Bureau 
currently includes a net addition of 200,000 illegal im 
migrants per year in estimating the national population. 



2 Warren, Robert and Ellen Percy Kraly. 1985. The Elusive Ex 
odus: Emigration from the United States, Population Trends and Public 
Policy Occasional Paper No. 8, March. Population Reference Bureau 
Washington, D.C. 



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Immigrants Admitted by Major Type of Admission: Fiscal Years 1982 and 1986 

i—i Exempt from world- i — i Subject to world- 

' — ' wide limitation ' — ' wide limitation 



1982 



Other, exempt 




Occupational 
preferences 



Other, subject 



1986 



Other, exempt 




Occupational 
preferences 



Other, subject 



Source: Table 4 

xlii 



TABLES 1-19 



IMMIGRANTS 





TABLE 


1. IMMIGRATION TO THE UNITED STATES: FISCAL YEARS 1820 - 1986 




Year 


Number 


Year 


Number 


Year 


Number 


Year 


Number 


1820 - 1986 


53,122,066 




2,812,191 

321.350 
404.806 
459.803 
313.339 
227,498 
169,986 
141,857 
138,469 
177,826 
457,257 

5,246,613 

669,431 
788,992 
603,322 
518,592 
395,346 
334,203 
490,109 
546.889 
444,427 
455,302 

3,687,564 

560,319 
579,663 
439,730 
285,631 
258,536 
343,267 
230,832 
229.299 
311,715 
448,572 

8,795,386 

487,918 

648,743 

857,046 

812,870 

1,026,499 

1,100,735 

1,285,349 

782,870 

751,786 

1,041,570 

5,735,811 
878,587 
838,172 
1,197,892 
1,218,480 
326,700 
298,826 
295,403 
110,618 
141,132 
430,001 


1921 - 30 


4,107,209 

805,228 
309,556 
522,919 
706,896 
294,314 
304,488 
335,175 
307,255 
279,678 
241,700 

528,431 

97,139 
35,576 
23,068 
29,470 
34,956 
36,329 
50,244 
67,895 
82,998 
70,756 

1,035,039 

51,776 

28,781 

23,725 

28.551 

38,119 

108,721 

147,292 

170,570 

188.317 

249,187 

2,515,479 

205,717 
265,520 
170,434 
208,177 
237,790 
321,625 
326,867 
253,265 
260,686 
265,398 

3,321,677 

271,344 
283.763 
306,260 
292,248 
296,697 
323,040 
361,972 
454.448 
358,579 
373.326 


1971 - 80 .... 








1871 - 80 


4,493,314 

370,478 
384,685 
400 063 


1820 


8,385 

143,439 

9.127 

6.911 

6.354 

7,912 

10.199 

10.837 

18.875 

27.382 

22.520 

23.322 

599,125 

22.633 
60.482 
58.640 
65,365 
45.374 
76,242 
79,340 
38,914 
68.069 
84,066 

1,713,251 

80,289 
104,565 
52.496 
78.615 
114,371 
154.416 
234,968 
226,527 
297.024 
369.980 

2,598,214 

379,466 
371,603 
368,645 
427,833 
200,877 
200,436 
251,306 
123,126 
121,282 
153,640 

2,314,824 

91,918 
91,985 
176.282 
193,418 
248,120 
318,568 
315,722 
138.840 
352,768 
387.203 


1871 


1921 


1971 




1872 .. 


1922 


1972 


1821 - 30 


1873 


1923 


1973 . 


1821 


1874 


1924 


1974 .... 


394 861 


1822 ... 


1875 


1925 


1975 .... 


386 194 


1823 


1876 


1926 .... 


1976 .... 


398 613 


1824 .... 


1877 


1927 


1976, TO .... 


103 676 


1825 


1878 


1928 .... 


1977 . 


462 315 


1826 .... 


1879 .... 


1929 .... 


1978 


601 442 


1827 


1880 


1930 .... 


1979 . 


460 348 


1828 


1881 - 90 


1931 - 40 


1980 .... 


530 639 


1829 


1981-86 




1830 


1881 


1931 


3,466,114 




1882 


1932 ... 


1981 


596 600 


1831 - 40 


1883 


1933 .... 


1982 . 


594 131 


1831 . 


1884 .... 


1934 .... 


1983 


559 763 


1832 . 


1885 .... 


1935 . 


1984 


543,903 
570 009 


1833 


1886 


1936 


1985 .. 


1834 


1887 


1937 .... 


1986 


601 708 


1835 ..., 


1888 


1938 .... 






1836 


1889 


1939 




1837 


1890 


1940 




1838 


1891 - 1900 


1941-50 




1839 .... 




1840 


1891 


1941 






1892 


1942 




1841 - 50 


1893 


1943 .... 




1841 


1894 .. . 


1944 




1842 


1895 


1945 .... 




1843 


1896 


1946 .... 




1844 


1897 


1947 




1845 


1898 


1948 .... 




1846 


1899 


1949 




1847 


1900 .... 


1950 




1848 


1901 - 10 


1951 - 60 ..., 




1849 .... 




1850 


1901 


1951 






1902 


1952 .... 




1851-60 


1903 


1953 




1851 


1904 


1954 




1852 


1905 


1955 .. 




1853 


1906 


1956 




1854 


1907 


1957 .... 




1855 


1908 


1958 . 




1856 


1909 .... 


1959 




1857 


1910 


1960 .... 




1858 


1911 - 20 


1961-70 




1859 




1860 


1911 


1961 






1912 


1962 




1861-70 


1913 


1963 




1861 


1914 


1964 . 




1862 


1915 


1965 




1863 


1916 


1966 .... 




1864 


1917 


1967 .. 




1865 


1918 .... 


1968 




1866 


1919 ... 


1969 




1867 


1920 


1970 




1868 








1869 




1870 









NOTE: The numbers shown are as follows: from 1820-67. figures represent alien passengers arrived at seaports; from 1868-91 and 1895-97. Immigrant 
aliens arrived; from 1892-94 and 1898-1986, immigrant aliens admitted for permanent residence. From 1892-1903, aliens entering by cabin class were not 
counted as immigrants. Land arrivals were not completely enumerated until 1908. See Glossary for fiscal year definitions. 



TABLE 2. IMMIGRATION BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF LAST RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEARS 1820 - 1986 



Region and country of last 
residence' 



All countries 

Europe 

Austria-Hungary 

Austria 

Hungary 

Belgium 

Czechoslovakia 

Denmark 

France 

Germany 

Greece 

Ireland 5 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Norway-Sweden 

Norway 

Sweden 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Spain 

Switzerland 

U.S.S.R 

United Kingdom 5 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

China 9 

Hong Kong 

India 

Iran 

Israel 

Japan 

Korea 

Philippines 

Turkey 

Vietnam 

Other Asia 

America 

Canada & Newfoundland 13 ' 

Mexico' 4 

Caribbean 

Cuba 

Dominican Republic 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

South America 

Argentina 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Other South America 

Other America 

Africa 

Australia & New Zealand 

Pacific Islands (U.S. adm.) 

Not specified" 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1820 



8,385 



7,690 







( 3 ) 
n 



1 

20 
371 
968 



3,614 

30 

49 

3 



( 6 ) 
( 6 ) 







5 
35 



139 

31 

14 

2,410 







o 

o 
n 
("> 
o 
n 

n 



1 

3 

387 

209 

1 

164 



n 
n 
n 

C 6 ) 



164 

2 

11 



n 
r> 

o 

("■) 



301 



1821 - 30 



143,439 

98,797 

f) 
< 3 ) 



27 



169 

8,497 

6,761 

20 

50,724 

409 

1,078 

91 

( 6 ) 

f) 

16 
145 

(') 
2.477 
3,226 
75 

25,079 



3 



30 

2 



n 

n 
n 

<") 
n 
n 

o 



20 



11,564 

2.277 
4,817 
3,834 

o 
n 
o 
n 

3.834 
105 
531 

n 
n 
n 

<") 



531 



16 



33,032 



1831 - 40 



599,125 

495,681 

( 2 ) 
( 3 ) 



22 



1,063 

45,575 

152.454 

49 

207,381 

2,253 

1,412 

1,201 

( 6 ) 

( 6 ) 

369 

829 

(') 

2,125 

4,821 

277 

75,810 



40 



n 

n 

n 
<") 
o 
n 

n 



55 

8 



39 



33,424 

13,624 

6,599 

12,301 

o 
o 

n 

12,301 

44 

856 

o 
o 
n 

856 
(") 

54 



69,91 1 



1841 - 50 



1,713,251 
1,597,442 



( 3 ) 
( 3 ) 

5,074 


539 

77,262 

434,626 

16 

780,719 

1,870 

8,251 

13,903 

f) 

« 

105 

550 

(') 

2.209 

4,644 

551 

267,044 



79 



141 
35 



n 

o 
n 
C) 
n 
n 

o 



36 



59 



11 



62,469 

41,723 

3,271 

13,528 

o 

C°) 

o 

n 

13,528 

368 

3,579 

o 

n 

n 

3,579 
(") 

55 



53,144 



1851 - 60 



2,598,214 

2,452,577 


( 3 ) 
ft 

4,738 



3,749 
76.358 
951,667 
31 
914,119 
9,231 
10,789 
20.931 
( 6 ) 
( 6 ) 
1,164 
1,055 


9,298 

25.011 

457 

423,974 

(') 

5 

41,538 

41,397 

n 

43 



o 



83 



15 



74,720 

59.309 

3,078 

10,660 

o 
n 
n 
n 

10,660 

449 

1,224 

o 
o 
n 

1,224 
(") 

210 



29.169 



1861 - 70 



2,314,824 

2,065,141 

7,800 



6,734 



17,094 

35,986 

787,468 

72 

435,778 

11,725 

9,102 

109,298 

( 6 ) 

( 6 ) 

2,027 

2,658 



6,697 

23,286 

2,512 

606.896 





64,759 

64,301 
O 

69 

n 

n 

186 

n 

131 

n 

72 

166,607 

153,878 
2,191 
9,046 

n 
n 

o 
n 

9.046 

95 

1,397 

o 
n 
o 

1,397 
(") 

312 
36 

17,969 



1871 - 80 



2,812,191 

2,271,925 

72.969 
( 3 ) 
(') 
7.221 



31,771 

72,206 

718.182 

210 

436,871 

55,759 

16,541 

211,245 

95,323 

115.922 

12.970 

14,082 

' 11 

5.266 

28.293 

39.284 

548.043 



1,001 

124,160 

123,201 
O 

163 

n 
n 

149 

n 

n 

404 

243 

404,044 

383,640 

5,162 

13,957 

o 
n 
n 
n 

13,957 

157 

1,128 

n 

n 

n 

1,128 

(") 

358 

9,886 

1,028 

790 



TABLE 2. IMMIGRATION BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF LAST RESIDENCE 
FISCAL YEARS 1820 - 1986— Continued 



Region and country of last 
residence' 



1891 • 1900 



1901 • 10 



1911 - 20 



1921 - 30 



1931 - 40 



1941 ■ 50 



1951 - 60 



1961 • 70 



All countries . 



4sia 

China 9 

Hong Kong . 

India 

Iran 

Israel 

Japan 

Korea 

Philippines .. 

Turkey 

Vietnam 

Other Asia .. 



Europe 

Austna-Hungary 

Austria 

Hungary 

Belgium 

Czechoslovakia .. 

Denmark 

France 

Germany 

Greece 

Ireland' 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Norway-Sweden 

Norway 

Sweden 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Spain 

Switzerland 

USSR 

United Kingdom- 
Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 



America 

Canada & Newfoundland' 3 

Mexico" 

Caribbean 

Cuba 

Dominican Republic 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

South America 

Argentina 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Other South America 

Other America 



Mnca 

Australia & New Zealand ... 
'acific Islands (U.S. adm.) . 
■Jot specified" 



5ee footnotes at end of table. 



3.687,564 

3,555,352 
'* 592,707 
(') 



18,167 
O 

50.231 

30,770 

" 505,152 

15.979 

388.416 

651,893 

26,758 

321,281 

226,266 

95,015 

" 96,720 

27.508 

12.750 

8,731 

31,179 

" 505,290 

271,538 



282 

74,862 

14,799 
O 

68 

n 
n 

25,942 

n 
n 

30,425 
O 
3,628 

38,972 

3,311 
15 971 
33,066 

n 
n 
(*°) 
n 

33.066 

549 

1,075 

n 

o 
n 

1.075 
(") 

350 

2,740 

1,225 

14,063 



8,795,386 

8,056,040 

" 2,145,266 
( 3 ) 



41.635 

(") 

65.285 

73,379 

" 341,498 

167,519 

339,065 

2,045,877 

48,262 
440,039 
249.534 
190.505 

n 

69.149 
53.008 
27,935 
34.922 
" 1,597,306 
525,950 

39,945 

323,543 

20,605 
O 
4,713 

o 
n 

129,797 

n 
n 

157,369 

n 

11,059 

361,888 

179.226 

49,642 

107,548 

o 
n 
n 
n 

107,548 

8,192 

17,280 

n 
o 
n 

1 7,280 
(") 

7,368 

1 1 ,975 

1,049 

a 33,523 



5,735,811 

4,321,887 

'" 896.342 

453,649 

442,693 

33,746 

* 3,426 

41,983 

61,897 

'" 143,945 

184,201 

146,181 

1,109.524 

43,718 

161.469 

95,074 

66,395 

" 4,813 

89,732 

13,311 

68,611 

23.091 

,a 921,201 

341,408 

8 1,888 

31.400 

247,236 

21,278 

n 

2,082 
O 

n 

83,837 

n 

134,066 

n 

5,973 

1,143,671 

742.185 
219.004 
123,424 

n 

C°) 

C ) 

<") 

123,424 
17,159 
41,899 

C°) 

( ,0 ) 
n 

41,899 
(") 

8,443 

12,348 

1,079 

1,147 



4,107,209 

2,463,194 

63.548 
32.868 
30,680 
15,846 

102.194 
32.430 
49,610 

412.202 
51.084 

210.024 

455,315 
26,948 

165,780 
97,249 
68,531 

227,734 
29,994 
67,646 
28,958 
29,676 
61,742 
21 340.780 
49,064 
42,619 

112,059 

29,907 
O 

1,886 
O 
O 

33,462 

o 

33,824 
12,980 

1,516,716 

924.515 
459,287 
74,899 
O 

C") 

74,899 
15,769 
42,215 

n 
n 

42.215 
"31 

6,286 

8,299 

427 

228 



528,431 

347,552 

1 1 ,424 

" 3,563 

7,861 

4,817 

14,393 
2,559 

12,623 

' 114,058 

9,119 

10,973 

68,028 
7,150 
8,700 
3.960 
4,740 

17,026 
3,329 
3,871 
3,258 
5,512 
20 1 ,356 
2 ' 31,572 
5.835 

11,949 

16,081 

4,928 
C°) 

496 
O 

n 

1,948 

n 
n 

1,065 

O 
7,644 

160,037 

108.527 
22.319 
15,502 

C°) 

n 
c°) 
n 

15,502 
5,861 
7,803 

o 
n 

n 

7,803 
25 

1,750 
2,231 
" 780 



1,035,039 

621,124 

28,329 

" 24,860 

3,469 

12,189 

8,347 

5,393 

38.809 

" 226,578 

8,973 

19,789 

57.661 

14,860 

20,765 

10,665 

10,100 

7,571 

7,423 

1,076 

2,898 

10,547 

20 548 

2 ' 139,306 

1,576 

8,486 

32,360 

16,709 
(™) 

1,761 
C°) 
O 

1,555 
f°) 

n 

798 

11.537 

354,804 

171,718 

60,589 

49,725 

O 

n 

C°) 

C 6 ) 

49.725 
21,665 
21,831 

O 

( ,0 ) 
( ,0 ) 

21,831 
29,276 

7,367 

13,805 

12 5,437 

142 



2,515,479 

1,325,727 

103.743 

67,106 

36,637 

18,575 

918 

10,984 

51,121 

477,765 

47,608 

48,362 

185,491 

52,277 

44,632 

22,935 

21.697 

9.985 

19.588 

1,039 

7,894 

17,675 

671 

21 204.468 

8.225 

14,706 

153,249 

9,657 
15,544 

1,973 

3,388 
25,476 
46,250 

6,231 
19.307 

3,519 

335 

21,569 

996,944 

377,952 

299,811 

123,091 

78,948 

9,897 

4,442 

16 8,869 

'" 20,935 

44,751 

91,628 

19,486 

18,048 

9,841 

44,253 

59,711 

14,092 

1 1 .506 

1,470 

12,491 



3,321,677 

1,123,492 

26,022 

20,621 

5,401 

9.192 

3,273 

9,201 

45,237 

190,796 

85,969 

32,966 

214,111 

30,606 

32,600 

15,484 

17,116 

53.539 

76.065 

2,531 

44,659 

18,453 

2,465 

" 214,518 

20,381 

10,908 

427,642 

34,764 
75,007 
27.189 
10,339 
29.602 
39,988 
34.526 
98.376 
10.142 
4.340 
63,369 

1,716,374 

413,310 

453,937 

470,213 

208,536 

93,292 

34,499 

74,906 

58,980 

101,330 

257,954 

49,721 

72,028 

36,780 

99,425 

19,630 

28.954 

19.562 

1.769 

3,884 



TABLE 2. 



IMMIGRATION BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF LAST RESIDENCE 
FISCAL YEARS 1820 - 1986— Continued 



Region and country of last 
residence' 



1971 • 80 



1981 



1982 



1983 



1984 



1985 



1986 



Total 

167 years 

1820 - 1986 



All countries 

Europe 

Austria-Hungary 

Austria 

Hungary 

Belgium 

Czechoslovakia 

Denmark 

France 

Germany 

Greece 

Ireland 5 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Norway-Sweden 

Norway 

Sweden 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Spain 

Switzerland 

U.S.S.R 

United Kingdom 5 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

China' 

Hong Kong 

India 

Iran 

Israel 

Japan 

Korea 

Philippines 

Turkey 

Vietnam 

Other Asia 

America 

Canada & Newfoundland' 

Mexico" 

Caribbean 

Cuba 

Dominican Republic 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

South America 

Argentina 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Other South America .... 
Other America 

Africa 

Australia & New Zealand ... 
Pacific Islands (U.S. adm.) 
Not specified'' 



4,493,314 

800,368 

16,028 

9,478 

6,550 

5,329 

6,023 

4,439 

25,069 

74,414 

92,369 

1 1 ,490 

129,368 

10,492 

10,472 

3,941 

6,531 

37,234 

101,710 

12,393 

39,141 

8,235 

38,961 

137,374 

30.540 

9,287 

1,588,178 

124,326 

113,467 

164,134 

45,136 

37,713 

49,775 

267,638 

354,987 

13,399 

172,820 

244.783 

1,982,529 

169.939 

640.294 

741,126 

264,863 

148,135 

56,335 

137,577 

134,216 

134,640 

295,741 

29.897 

77,348 

50,078 

138.418 

789 

80,779 

23,788 

1.806 

15.866 



596,600 

66,695 

948 

367 

581 

467 

793 

506 

1,745 

6,552 

4,361 

902 

4,662 

999 

1,163 

331 

832 

5,014 

7,049 

1,974 

1,711 

601 

9,223 

14,997 

2.048 

980 

264,343 

25.803 

4,055 

21,522 

11,105 

3,542 

3.896 

32.663 

43,772 

2,766 

55,631 

59,588 

246,340 

11.191 
101,268 
73,301 
10,858 
18.220 

6,683 
23.569 
13,971 
24,509 
35,913 

2.236 
10,335 

5,129 

18,213 

158 

15.029 

1,947 

108 

2,138 



594,131 

69,174 

981 

339 

642 

559 

960 

463 

1,994 

6,726 

3,472 

949 

3,644 

1,053 

1,216 

342 

874 

5,874 

3,510 

3,124 

1,586 

626 

15,462 

14.539 

1,418 

1.018 

313,291 

36,984 

4,971 

21,738 

10,314 

3,356 

3,903 

31,724 

45,102 

2,864 

72,553 

79,782 

193,505 

10,786 

56.106 

67,379 

8,209 

17,451 

8,779 

18.711 

14,229 

23,626 

35,448 

2,065 

8,608 

4,127 

20,648 

160 

14.314 

2.009 

138 

1,700 



559,763 

58,867 

1,065 

433 

632 

538 

946 

513 

2.061 

7,185 

2,997 

1,101 

3,225 

1,152 

1,279 

409 

870 

6.427 

3,231 

2,543 

1,507 

680 

5,214 

14,830 

1,382 

991 

277,701 

42,475 

5,948 

25,451 

11.163 

3.239 

4,092 

33,339 

41,546 

2,263 

37,560 

70,625 

204,574 

11,390 

59,079 

73,306 

8,978 

22,058 

8,424 

19.535 

14,311 

24,601 

36,087 

2,029 

9,658 

4.243 

20,157 

111 

15,084 

1,879 

105 

1,553 



543,903 

69,879 

2,846 

2,351 

495 

787 

693 

512 

3.335 

9.375 

3,311 

1,096 

6,328 

1,313 

1.455 

403 

1,052 

7,229 

3.800 

2.956 

2,168 

795 

3,349 

16,516 

1,404 

611 

247,775 

29,109 

12,290 

23.617 

11,131 

4,136 

4,517 

32,537 

46,985 

1,652 

25,803 

55.998 

208,111 

15,659 
57,820 
68,368 

5,699 
23.207 

9.554 
18,997 
10.911 
27,626 
38,636 

2,287 
10.897 

4,244 

21,208 

2 

13,594 

2,328 

163 

2.053 



570,009 

69,526 

2,521 

1,930 

591 

775 

684 

465 

3,530 

10.028 

3,487 

1,288 

6,351 

1,235 

1,557 

386 

1,171 

7,409 

3,811 

3,764 

2,278 

980 

1,532 

15.591 

1.521 

719 

255,164 

33.095 

10,795 

24,536 

12,327 

4,279 

4,552 

34,791 

53,137 

1,690 

20.367 

55,595 

225,519 

16.354 
61,290 
79,374 
17,115 
23,861 

9.872 
18.277 
10,249 
28,447 
40,052 

1.925 
11,802 

4,601 

21.724 

2 

15,236 

2,501 

142 

1,921 



601,708 

69,224 

2,604 

2,039 

565 

843 

588 

544 

3,876 

9.853 

3,497 

1,757 

5,711 

1,263 

1,564 

367 

1,197 

6.540 

3.804 

3.809 

2.232 

923 

1,001 

16,129 

1,915 

771 

258,546 

32.389 

9,930 

24.808 

12.031 

5,124 

4,444 

35,164 

61,492 

1,975 

15,010 

56,179 

254,078 

16.060 
66,753 
98,527 
30.787 
26.216 
12.356 
18.916 
10.252 
30,086 
42,650 

2,318 
11,213 

4,518 

24,601 

2 

15,500 

2,423 

178 

1,759 



' Data for years prior to 1906 relate to country whence alien came; data from 1906-79 and 1984-86 are for country of last permanent residence; 
and data for 1980-83 refer to country of birth. Because of changes in boundaries, changes in lists of countries, and lack of data for specified 



countries for various periods, data for certain countries, especially for the total period 1820-1986, are not comparable throughout. Data for specified 
countries are included with countries to which they belonged prior to World War I. 
' Data lor Austria-Hungary not reported until 1861. 
' Data for Austria and Hungary not reported separately until 1906 
' No data available for Czechoslovakia until 1920. 

Prior to 1925. data for Northern Ireland included in Ireland. 
' Data for Norway and Sweden not reported separately until 1870. 

No data available for Romania until 1880 
* In 1920, a separate enumeration was made for the Kingdom of Serbs. Croats, and Slovenes. Since 1922. the Serb. Croat, and Slovene Kingdom 
recorded as Yugoslavia 

1 Beginning in 1957, China includes Taiwan. 
Data not reported separately until 1951. 
No data available for Japan until 1861. 

From 1934-50, Philippines included in the Pacific Islands. Prior to 1934, Philippines recorded in separate tables as insular travel. 
'' Pnor to 1920, Canada and Newfoundland recorded as British North America. From 1820-98, figures include all British North America 
possessions. 

" Land arrivals not completely enumerated until 1908. 

15 No data available for Mexico from 1886-93. 

" Data for Jamaica not collected until 1953. In prior years, consolidated under British West Indies, which is included in "Other Caribbean." 

Included in countries "Not specified" until 1925. 
" From 1899-1919, data for Poland included in Austria-Hungary, Germany, and U.S.S.R. 
'• From 1938-45, data for Austria included in Germany. 

" From 1931-50, U.S.S.R reported as European U.S.S.R. and Asian U.S.S.R. For other periods shown, total U.S.S.R. reported in Europe. 
" Since 1925, data for United Kingdom refer to England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland. 
" Includes 32.897 persons returning in 1906 to their homes in the United States. 

Represents zero. 
NOTE: From 1820-67. figures represent alien passengers arrived at seaports; from 1868-91 and 1895-97, immigrant aliens arrived; from 1892-94 
and 1898 to the present time, immigrant aliens admitted for permanent residence. From 1892-1903, aliens entering by cabin class were not counted 
as immigrants. Land arrivals were not completely enumerated until 1908 

See Glossary for fiscal year definitions. For this table, fiscal year 1843 covers 9 months ending Septmber 1843; fiscal years 1832 and 1850 cover 15 
months ending December 31 of the respective years; and fiscal year 1868 covers 6 months ending June 30, 1868. 



TABLE 3. 



IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 
FISCAL YEARS 1976-86 



Region and country of birth 



1976 and 
TO 



1977 



1978 



1979 



1980 



1981 



1982 



1983 



1984 



1985 



All countries 

Europe ; 

Austria 

Belgium 

Czechoslovakia 

Denmark 

Finland 

France 

Germany 

Germany, Fed. Rep 

Greece 

Hungary 

Ireland 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

U.S.S.R 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

Afghanistan 

Bangladesh 

Burma 

Cambodia 

China 

China, Mainland 

Cyprus 

Hong Kong 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Iraq 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Kuwait 

Laos 

Lebanon 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Singapore 

Sri Lanka 

Syria 

Taiwan 

Thailand 

Turkey 

Vietnam 

Yemen (Sanaa) 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Cape Verde 

Egypt 

Ethiopia 

Ghana 

Kenya 

Liberia 

Morocco 

See footnotes at end of table. 



502,289 

90,577 

452 
487 
679 
528 
356 
1,875 
7,531 

(') 

10,561 

1,066 

1,473 

10,415 

1,229 

365 

! 4,769 

12.966 

2,653 

2,786 

710 

741 

10,076 

14,412 

3,524 

923 

189,065 

142 

762 

1,001 

126 

23,858 

( 3 ) 

971 

7,259 

22,072 

676 

3,731 

4,038 

3,827 

5,417 

3,328 

37,690 

133 

163 

4,532 

484 

3,636 

47,019 

307 

510 

1.666 

O 

8,096 

2,155 

4,230 

682 

554 

10,045 

1,110 
2,290 
332 
404 
528 
300 
516 



462,315 

70,010 

400 

377 

575 

433 

277 

1,618 

6,372 

(') 

7,838 

853 

1,238 

7,510 

1,014 

334 

' 4,010 

9.657 

2,015 

2,487 

571 

610 

5,742 

12,477 

2,791 

811 

157,759 

138 

590 

1,101 

126 

19,765 

( 3 ) 

478 

5,632 

18,636 

778 

4,261 

2,811 

3,008 

4,192 

2,875 

30,917 

160 

237 

5,685 

455 

3,183 

39,111 

308 

376 

1,676 

O 

3,945 

1,758 

4,629 

376 

552 

10,155 

964 
2,328 
354 
454 
493 
215 
401 



601,442 

73,198 

467 

439 

744 

409 

358 

1,844 

6,739 

(') 

7,035 

941 

1,180 

7,415 

1,153 

423 

2 5,050 

10,445 

2,037 

2,297 

638 

706 

5,161 

14,245 

2,621 

851 

249,776 
180 

716 

1,188 

3,677 

21,331 

( 3 ) 

408 

5,158 

20,772 

694 

5,861 

2,188 

3,276 

4,028 

3,483 

29,288 

168 

4.369 

4,556 

577 

3,876 

37,216 

320 

375 

1,416 

O 

3,574 

1,578 

88,543 

258 

702 

11,524 

941 

2,836 

539 

711 
516 
333 
461 



460,348 

60,845 

369 

395 

763 

414 

327 

1,705 

6,314 

(') 

5,090 

861 

982 

6,174 

1,145 

431 

2 4,418 

7,085 

1,554 

1,933 

750 

665 

2.543 

13,907 

2,171 

849 

189,293 

353 

549 

1,534 

1,432 

24,272 

< 3 ) 

323 

4,119 

19,717 

820 
8,476 
2,871 
3,093 
4,063 
3,360 
29,248 

303 
3,565 
4,634 

623 

3,967 

41.300 

321 

397 
1,528 
( 3 ) 

3,194 

1,764 

22,546 

203 

718 

12,838 

765 
3,241 
726 
828 
618 
327 
486 



530,639 

72,121 

401 

426 

1,051 

504 

356 

1,905 

6,595 

(') 

4,699 

819 

1,006 

5,467 

1,169 

403 

4,725 

8,408 

1,913 

1,879 

768 

713 

10,543 

15.485 

2,099 

787 

236,097 
722 
532 

1.211 
2,801 
27,651 
( 3 ) 

279 

3,860 

22,607 

977 

10,410 

2.658 

3,517 

4.225 

3.322 

32.320 

257 

13.970 

4,136 

795 

4.265 

42.316 

322 

397 

1,658 



4,115 

2,233 

43,483 

160 

898 

13,981 

788 
2,833 
977 
1,159 
592 
426 
465 



596,600 

66,695 
367 
467 
793 

506 

317 

1,745 

6,552 

(') 

4,361 

581 

902 

4,662 

999 

331 

5,014 

7,049 

1,974 

1,711 

832 

601 

9,223 

14,997 

2,048 

663 

264,343 

1,881 

756 

1,083 

12,749 

25.803 

< 3 ) 

326 

4,055 

21,522 

1.006 

11,105 

2,535 

3,542 

3,896 

3,825 

32.663 

317 

15.805 

3,955 

1,033 

5,288 

43,772 

408 

448 

2,127 

( 3 ) 

4,799 

2,766 

55,631 

230 

1,017 

15,029 

849 
3.366 
1,749 
951 
657 
556 
512 



594,131 

69,174 

339 
559 
960 
463 
346 
1,994 

(') 

6,467 

3,472 

642 

949 

3,644 

1,053 

342 

5,874 

3,510 

3,124 

1,586 

874 

626 

15,462 

14,539 

1,418 

931 

313,291 

1,569 

639 

820 

13,438 

( 3 ) 

27.100 

276 

4,971 

21.738 

1,194 

10,314 

3.105 

3,356 

3,903 

2,923 

31,724 

286 

36.528 

3,529 

1,046 

4,536 

45,102 

390 

505 

2,354 

9,884 

5,568 

2,864 

72,553 

305 

771 

14,314 

852 
2,800 
1,810 
824 
601 
593 
445 



559,763 

58,867 

433 
538 
946 
513 
311 
2,061 
(') 

6,725 

2,997 

632 

1,101 

3,225 

1,152 

409 

6,427 

3,231 

2,543 

1,507 

870 

680 

5,214 

14,830 

1,382 

1,140 

277,701 

2,566 

787 

723 

18.120 

( 3 ) 

25,777 

265 

5,948 

25,451 

952 

11,163 

2,343 

3,239 

4,092 

2,718 

33.339 

344 

23,662 

2,941 

852 

4,807 

41.546 

362 

472 

1,683 

16,698 

5,875 

2,263 

37,560 

268 

885 

15,084 

594 
2,600 
2,643 
976 
710 
518 
479 



543,903 

64,076 
442 

537 
1,218 

512 

264 
2,135 


6,747 
2,865 

825 
1,223 
3,130 
1,242 

375 
9,466 
3,779 
4,004 
1,393 

974 

620 

6,088 

13,949 

1,569 

719 

256,273 

3,222 

823 

719 

11,856 

( 3 ) 

23,363 

291 

5,465 

24,964 

1,113 

13,807 

2,930 

3,066 

4,043 

2,438 

33,042 

437 

12,279 

3,203 

879 

5.509 

42,768 

377 

554 

1,724 

12,478 

4,885 

1,793 

37,236 

324 

685 

15,540 

591 

2,642 

2,461 

1,050 

753 

585 

506 



570,009 

63,043 

419 

538 
1,222 

478 

290 
2,187 
(') 

7.109 
2,579 
1,009 
1,397 
3,214 
1,217 

361 
9,464 
3.781 
5.188 
1,413 
1.076 

729 

3,521 

13.408 

1.662 

781 

264,691 

2,794 

1,146 

990 

13.563 

( 3 ) 

24,787 

294 

5,171 

26,026 

1,269 

16.071 

1.951 

3,113 

4,086 

2,998 

35,253 

503 

9,133 

3,385 

939 

5,744 

47,978 

460 

553 

1,581 

14,895 

5,239 

1,691 

31,895 

432 

751 

17,117 

627 

2,802 

3,362 

1,041 

735 

618 

570 



601,708 

62,512 

463 

620 
1,118 

554 

322 
2,518 
(') 

6,991 
2,512 
1,006 
1,839 
3,089 
1,261 

354 
8,481 
3.766 
5.198 
1,591 
1.098 

677 

2,588 

13,657 

2,011 

798 

268,248 

2.831 

1.634 

863 

13,501 

( 3 ) 

25,106 

307 

5,021 

26,227 

1,183 

16,505 

1,323 

3,790 

3,959 

3,081 

35,776 

496 

7,842 

3,994 

886 

5,994 

52,558 

480 

596 

1,604 

13,424 

6,204 

1,753 

29,993 

420 

897 

17,463 

760 

2,989 

2,737 

1,164 

719 

618 

646 



TABLE 3. 



IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 
FISCAL YEARS 1976-86— Continued 



Region and country of birth 



1976 and 
TQ 



1977 



1978 



1979 



1980 



1981 



1982 



1983 



1984 



1985 



1986 



Nigeria 

Sierra Leone 
South Africa - 

Tanzania 

Uganda 

Other Africa .. 



Oceania 

Australia 

Fiji 

New Zealand ... 

Tonga 

Other Oceania 



North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Antigua-Barbuda 

Bahamas, The 

Barbados 

Cuba 

Dominica 

Dominican Republic 

Grenada 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

St. Kitts-Nevis 

St. Lucia 

St. Vincent & Grenadines .... 

Trinidad & Tobago 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

Other North America 



South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Peru 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Other South America 



Born on board ship 

Unknown or not reported . 



907 
137 

1.098 
381 
425 

1,617 

4,579 

1,760 

831 

'553 

647 

788 

179,114 

10,096 

73,864 

82,367 

646 

406 

2,210 

35.996 

377 

15,088 

787 

6,691 

11.100 

5 904 

379 

456 

6,040 

1,287 

12,710 

661 

1,452 

3,022 

2,555 

1,598 

1,260 

6 2,162 

77 

28,908 

2,789 

652 

1,303 

1,681 

7,212 

5,632 

4.497 

3,356 

831 

721 

234 

1 



653 
157 

1,988 
302 
241 

1,605 

4,091 

1,389 

854 

' 597 

489 

762 

187,346 

12,688 

44.079 

114,011 

835 

400 

2,763 

69,708 

572 

11,655 

1,240 

5,441 

11,501 

896 

545 

585 

6,106 

1,764 

16,485 

930 

1,664 

4.426 

3.599 

1,626 

1,850 

6 2,390 

82 

32,954 

2,787 

699 

1,513 

2,596 

8.272 

5.302 

5.718 

3.903 

1,156 

736 

272 



1,007 
212 

1,689 
301 
303 

1,675 

4,396 

1,565 
809 

4 619 
706 
697 

220,784 

16,863 
92,367 



1,054 
217 

2,214 
401 
284 

1,677 

4,449 

1.400 

1,000 

' 599 

809 

641 

157,579 

13,772 
52,096 



91,361 


74,074 


908 


770 


585 


651 


2,969 


2.461 


29,754 


15,585 


595 


1,009 


19,458 


17,519 


1,206 


946 


6,470 


6,433 


19,265 


19,714 


1,014 


786 


572 


953 


679 


639 


5,973 


5,225 


1,913 


1,383 


20,153 


17,547 


1,033 


1,063 


1,575 


1,467 


5,826 


4,479 


3,996 


2,583 


2,727 


2,545 


1,888 


1,938 


"3,108 


6 3,472 


34 


90 


41,764 


35,344 


3,732 


2,856 


1,030 


751 


1,923 


1,450 


3,122 


2,289 


11,032 


10.637 


5.732 


4,383 


7,614 


7,001 


5,243 


4,135 


1,052 


754 


990 


841 


294 


247 


- 


- 



1,896 
267 

1,960 
339 
343 

1,936 

3,951 

1.480 
724 

' 729 
453 
565 

164,772 

13,609 

56,680 

73,296 

972 

547 

2,667 

15,054 

846 

17,245 

1,198 

6,540 

18,970 

874 

1,193 

763 

5,154 

1,273 

20,968 

1,120 

1,535 

6,101 

3,751 

2,552 

2,337 

3,572 

219 

39,717 

2,815 

730 

1,570 

2,569 

11,289 

6,133 

8,381 

4.021 

887 

1.010 

312 



1,918 
277 

1,559 
423 
410 

1,802 

4,187 
1,281 
1,060 
' 666 
588 
592 

210,427 

11,191 

101.268 

73,301 

929 

546 

2.394 

10,858 

721 

18,220 

1.120 

6,683 

23,569 

867 

733 

799 

4,599 

1,263 

24,509 

1,289 

1,359 

8.210 

3,928 

2,358 

2,752 

4,613 

158 

35,913 

2.236 

820 

1.616 

2.048 

10.335 

5,129 

6,743 

4,664 

972 

1,104 

246 



2,257 
283 

1,434 
304 
304 

1,807 

3,833 

1,367 
659 
642 
561 
604 

158,057 

10,786 

56,106 

67,379 

3.234 

577 

1,961 

8,209 

569 

17,451 

1,066 

8,779 

18,711 

1,039 

586 

719 

3,532 

946 

23,626 

2,031 

1,272 

7,107 

3,633 

3,186 

3,077 

3,320 

160 

35,448 

2.065 

750 

1,475 

1,911 

8,608 

4,127 

10,059 

4,151 

707 

1,336 

259 

4 

10 



2,354 
319 

1,261 
364 
332 

1,934 

3,511 

1,273 
712 
606 
481 
439 

168,487 

11,390 

59,079 

73,306 

2,008 

505 

1,849 

8.978 

546 

22,058 

1,154 

8,424 

19,535 

2,773 

662 

767 

3,156 

891 

24,601 

1,585 

1,182 

8,596 

4,090 

3,619 

2,983 

2,546 

111 

36,087 

2,029 

823 

1,503 

1,970 

9,658 

4,243 

8,980 

4,384 

681 

1.508 

308 



26 



2,337 
368 

1,246 
418 
369 

2,214 

3,817 

1,308 
901 
595 
555 
458 

166,706 

10,791 

57,557 

74,265 

953 

499 

1,577 

10,599 

442 

23,147 

980 

9,839 

19,822 

1,648 

484 

695 

2,900 

680 

24,088 

1,492 

1,473 

8,787 

3.937 

3,405 

2,718 

2,276 

5 

37,460 

2,141 

918 

1,847 

1,912 

11,020 

4,164 

8,412 

4,368 

712 

1,721 

245 



31 



2,846 
371 

1,210 
395 
301 

2,239 

4,054 
1,362 
980 
679 
669 
364 

182,045 

1 1 .385 
61,077 
83,281 

957 
533 

1,625 

20,334 

540 

23,787 

934 

10,165 

18,923 

769 

499 

693 

2.831 

691 

26,302 

1,353 

1,281 

10,156 

4,389 

3,726 

2,786 

2,611 



39,058 

1,844 
1,006 
2,272 
1,992 
11,982 
4,482 
8,531 
4,181 

790 
1,714 

264 



2,976 
323 

1,566 
370 
401 

2,194 

3,894 

1,354 
972 
610 
510 
448 

207,714 

11,039 

66,533 

101,632 

812 

570 

1,595 

33,114 

564 

26,175 

1,045 

12.666 

19.595 

573 

502 

635 

2,891 

895 

28,380 

1,385 

1,356 

10,929 

5,158 

4,532 

2.826 

2.194 

130 

41,874 

2,187 
1,079 
2,332 
2,243 

1 1 ,408 
4,516 

10,367 

4,895 

699 

1,854 

294 



Prior to fiscal year 1982. data for Federal Republic of Germany and German Democratic Republic are consolidated 
under Germany. 

2 Excludes Danzig. 

3 Prior to fiscal year 1982. data for Mainland China and Taiwan are consolidated under China. 
' Includes Niue. 

5 Includes Anguilla. 

6 Excludes Canal Zone. 
- Represents zero. 

NOTE: See Glossary for fiscal year definitions. 



TABLE 4. 



IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY TYPE AND CLASS OF ADMISSION 
FISCAL YEARS 1980-86 



Class of admission 



1980 



1981 



1982 



1983 



1984 



1985 



Total, all immigrants 

Total, numerically limited 

New arrivals 

Adjustments 

Total, exempt from numerical limitations 

New arrivals 

Adjustments 

Total, numerically limited 

Total 1st preference 

1st preference, unmarried son/daughter of U.S. citizen .... 

New arrivals (P11, A11) 

Adjustments (P16, A16) 

1st preference, children of P11, P16, A11, A16 

New arrivals (P12, A12) 

Adjustments (P17, A17) 

Total 2nd preference 

2nd preference, spouses of alien residents 

New arrivals (P21) 

Adjustments (P26) 

2nd preference, unmarried son/daughter of alien resident 

New arrivals (P22) 

Adjustments (P27) 

2nd preference, children of P22 and P27 

New arrivals (P23) 

Adjustments (P28) 

Total 3rd preference 

3rd preference, professional or highly skilled immigrant ... 

New arrivals (P31) 

Adjustments (P36) 

3rd preference, spouses of P31 and P36 

New arrivals (P32) 

Adjustments (P37) 

3rd preference, children of P31 and P36 

New arrivals (P33) 

Adjustments (P38) 

Total 4th preference 

4th preference, married son/daughter of U.S. citizen 

New arrivals (P41, A41) 

Adjustments (P46, A46) 

4th preference, spouses of P41. P46, A41, A46 

New arrivals (P42, A42) 

Adjustments (P47, A47) 

4th preference, children of P41, P46, A41, A46 

New arrivals (P43, A43) 

Adjustments (P48. A48) 

Total 5th preference 

5th preference, brothers or sisters of U.S. citizens 

New arrivals (P51) 

Adjustments, (P56) 

5th preference, spouses of P51 and P56 

New arrivals (P52) 

Adjustments, (P57) 

5th preference, children of P51 and P56 

New arrivals (P53) 

Adjustments (P58) 

Total 6th preference 

6th preference, needed skilled or unskilled workers 

New arrivals (P61) 

Adjustments (P66) 

6th preference, spouses of P61 and P66 

See footnotes at end of table. 



530,639 

289,479 

239,590 
49,889 

241,160 

99,765 
141,395 



289,479 

5,668 

4,976 

4,219 

757 

692 

624 

68 

110,269 

35,121 

28.919 

6,202 

68,003 

63.765 

4,238 

7,145 

6,444 

701 

18,583 

8,238 
2,009 
6,229 
4,885 
1,471 
3,414 
5,460 
1.933 
3,527 

10,752 

3,374 
2,655 

719 
2,473 
2,147 

326 
4,905 
4,257 

648 

90,167 

39,039 
34,883 

4,156 
17,053 
15,955 

1,098 
34,075 
32,242 

1.833 

25,786 

12,599 
7,026 
5,573 
5,372 



596,600 

330,409 

278,461 
51,948 

266,191 

100,524 
165,667 



330,409 

5,721 

4,964 
4,184 
780 
757 
620 
137 

112,664 

41,814 
32,431 

9,383 
60,063 
53,182 

6.881 
10.787 

9,767 

1,020 

18,872 

8,103 
2,266 
5,837 
4,879 
1,632 
3,247 
5,890 
2,562 
3,328 

15,979 

4,649 
3,884 

765 
3,601 
3,203 

398 
7,729 
7,012 

717 

92,212 

38,076 
35,096 

2,980 
17,463 
16,402 

1,061 
36,673 
34,856 

1.817 

25,439 

11,873 
7,197 
4,676 
5,312 



594,131 

259,749 

206,312 
53,437 

334,382 

108,364 
226,018 



259,749 

6,604 

5,539 

4,670 

869 

1,065 

923 

142 

113,070 

39,567 

29,711 

9,856 

64,843 

57,549 

7,294 

8,660 

7,795 

865 

26,001 

11,981 
3,052 
8,929 
6.794 
1,953 
4,841 
7,226 
2,631 
4,595 

19,465 
5,511 
4,557 

954 
4,284 
3,842 

442 
9,670 
8,865 

805 

66,926 

25,802 
23,181 

2,621 
13,124 
12,161 
963 
28.000 
26.505 

1,495 

25,181 

12,041 
7,884 
4,157 
5,049 



559,763 

269,213 

221,587 
47,626 

290,550 

115,212 
175,338 



269,213 

6,892 

5,753 

4,980 

773 

1,139 

998 

141 

116,623 

39,731 

33,797 

5,934 

67,539 

62,441 

5,098 

9,353 

8.845 

508 

27,250 

12,338 
3,147 
9,191 
7,141 
2,048 
5,093 
7,771 
2,847 
4,924 

20,948 

5,933 
5,100 

833 
4,666 
4,261 

405 

10,349 

9,650 

699 

69,025 

26,573 
24,762 

1,811 
13,998 
13,245 
753 
28,454 
27,269 

1,185 

28,218 

12,708 
8,148 
4.560 
5.980 



543,903 

262,016 

224,750 
37,266 

281,887 

119,879 
162,008 



262,016 

7,569 

6,242 
5,417 

825 
1,327 
1,170 

157 

112,309 

37,643 

33,948 

3,695 

64,71 1 

61,313 

3,398 

9,955 

9,508 

447 

24,852 

10,691 
3.094 
7,597 
6,637 
2,079 
4,558 
7,524 
2,925 
4,599 

14,681 

4,258 
3.531 

727 
3,282 
2,933 

349 
7,141 
6,506 

635 

77,765 

29,287 
27,737 

1,550 
15,951 
15.266 
685 
32.527 
31.435 

1.092 

24,669 

11,393 
8,395 
2,998 
5.219 



570,009 

264,208 

226.505 
37,703 

305,801 

129,860 
175,941 



264,208 

9,319 

7,661 
6,656 
1,005 
1,658 
1,452 
206 

114,997 

40,549 
35,788 

4,761 
61,263 
57,558 

3,705 

13,185 

12,769 

416 

24,905 

10,947 
2,981 
7,966 
6.602 
2,158 
4,444 
7,356 
2,973 
4,383 

18,460 

5,376 
4,520 

856 
4,216 
3.806 

410 
8,868 
8,121 

747 

70,481 

25,536 
24.407 
1,129 
14.861 
14.391 

470 
30,084 
29,247 

837 

25,990 

11,425 
8,603 
2,822 
5,674 



TABLE 4. 



IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY TYPE AND CLASS OF ADMISSION 
FISCAL YEARS 1980-86— Continued 



Class of admission 



1980 



1981 



1982 



1983 



1984 



1985 



1986 



New arrivals (P62) 

Adjustments (P67) 

6th preference, children of P61 and P66 

New arrivals (P63) 

Adjustments (P68) 



Total 7th preference, conditional entries by refugees 

New arnvals (P71) 

Adjustments (P76) 



Total nonpreference ' 

Nonpreference. NP1 and NP6 - 
Adjustments (NP6) 



Total, suspension of deportation. Section 244 

Adjustments other than crewmen (Z11) ' 

Adjustments, crewmen (Z57) 



Total, private law, adjustments (Z41) 

Total, foreign gov't officials, Act of 9/11/57 Sect. 13 (Z91) 



Total, recaptured Cuban numbers 

Western Hemisphere aliens 

New arrivals (SA1) 

Adjustments (SA6) 

Nonwestern Hemisphere aliens, spouses of SA1 and SA6 . 

New arrivals (SA2) 

Adjustments (SA7) 

Nonwestern Hemisphere aliens, children of SA1 and SA6 .. 

New arrivals (SA3) 

Adjustments (SA8) 



Total, exempt from numerical limitations , 



Total, immediate relatives of U.S. citizens 

Total, spouses of U.S. citizens 

New arrivals (IR1) 

Adjustments (IR6) 

Adjustments, entered as a fiance(e) (IF1) 

Total, children of U.S. citizens 

New arrivals (IR2, AR1) 

Adjustments (IR7, AR6) 

Adjustments, entered as child of a fiance(e) (IF2) 

Total, orphans 

Total, orphans adopted abroad 

New arrivals (IR3) 

Adjustments (IR8) 

Total, orphans to be adopted 

New arrivals (IR4) 

Adjustments (IR9) 

Total, parents of adult U.S. citizens 

New arrivals (IR5) 

Adjustments (IRO) 



Total, special immigrants 

Total, persons who lost citizenship 

Total, lost citizenship by marriage 

New arrivals (SC1) 

Adjustments (SC6) 

Total, lost citizenship by service in armed forces . 

New arrivals (SC2) 

Adjustments (SC7) 

Total, ministers, spouses and children 

Total ministers 

New arrivals (SD1) 

Adjustments (SD6) 

Total, spouses of ministers 

New arrivals (SD2) 



See footnotes at end of table. 



2,794 
2,578 
7,815 
4,422 
3,393 

12,222 

11.237 
985 



112 

109 
3 



15,913 

15,667 

12,457 

3,210 

150 

60 

90 

96 

71 

25 



241,160 

157,743 
96,854 

46,498 

44,389 

5.967 

27,207 

16,878 

4,545 

645 

5,139 

997 

913 

84 

4,142 

4,122 

20 

33,682 

24,593 

9,089 

3,142 
SO 

37 

2 

35 

13 

1 

12 

1,529 

706 

391 

315 

282 

219 



3,273 
2,039 
8,254 
5.737 
2,517 

329 

154 
175 



188 

188 



623 



58,382 

57,967 

54,910 

3,057 

184 

49 

135 

231 

44 

187 



266,191 

152,359 
91,961 

46,802 

40,419 

4,740 

26,178 

17,164 

3,675 

471 

4,868 

939 

900 

39 

3,929 

3,920 

9 

34,220 

25,964 

8,256 

3,255 
17 

11 

3 

8 

6 

2 

4 

1,692 

762 

390 

372 

310 

221 



3,146 
1,903 
8,091 
5,690 
2,401 

X 

X 

X 



197 

197 



1 

2,300 

2,262 

2,168 

94 

16 

12 

4 

22 

17 

5 



334,382 

168,398 
104,218 

52,314 

46,954 

4,950 

28,735 

18,451 

4,055 

480 

5,749 

829 

781 

48 

4,920 

4,912 

8 

35,445 

26,321 

9,124 

4,940 
6 

3 

3 

3 

1 

2 

2,059 

895 

396 

499 

378 

251 



3,722 
2,258 
9,530 
6,279 
3,251 

X 

X 
X 



176 

176 



12 
20 

49 

48 

47 

1 

1 

1 



290,550 

177,792 
112,666 

58,307 

49,042 

5,317 

30,429 

18,875 

3.958 

469 

7,127 

813 

781 

32 

6,314 

6,306 

8 

34,697 

25,664 

9,033 

3,175 
6 

5 
3 
2 
1 

1 
1,734 
773 
364 
409 
324 
215 



3,635 
1,584 
8,057 
5,858 
2.199 

X 

X 
X 



161 

161 



281,887 

183,247 
116,596 

61,394 

50,259 

4,943 

32,080 

19,135 

4,097 

521 

8,327 

1,097 

1,047 

50 

7,230 

7,226 

4 

34,571 

25,609 

8.962 

2,338 
3 

2 

1 
1 

1 

1 
1,540 

663 
334 
329 
315 

214 



4,291 
1,383 
8.891 
6,784 
2,107 

X 

X 
X 

7 

7 
7 



305,801 

204,368 
129,790 

66,215 

57,878 

5,697 

35,592 

21,298 

4,480 

528 

9.286 

1.166 

1,092 

74 

8,120 

8,114 

6 

38,986 

27,657 

1 1 ,329 

2,551 
2 

1 

1 
1 

1 
1,853 

777 
443 
334 
383 
267 



4.562 
1,426 
9,415 
7,113 
2,302 

X 

X 
X 



391 

389 
2 



10 

X 

X 
X 
X 
X 
X 
X 
X 
X 
X 



334,740 

223,468 
137,597 

74,662 

56,883 

6,052 

40,639 

25,332 

4,767 

595 

9,945 

1,264 

1,190 

74 

8,681 

8,676 

5 

45,232 

31,699 

13,533 

2,992 
6 

4 

4 

2 

1 

1 

2,060 

822 

480 

342 

428 

312 



TABLE 4. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY TYPE AND CLASS OF ADMISSION 
FISCAL YEARS 1980-86— Continued 



Class of admission 



1980 



1981 



1982 



1983 



1984 



1985 



Adjustments (SD7) 

Total, children of ministers 

New arrivals (SD3) 

Adjustments (SD8) 

Total, employees of U.S. gov't abroad, spouses & children 

Total, employees of U.S. government abroad 

New arrivals (SE1) 

Adjustments (SE6) 

Total, spouses of employees of U.S. gov't abroad 

New arrivals (SE2) 

Adjustments (SE7) 

Total, children of employees of U.S. gov't abroad 

New arrivals (SE3) 

Adjustments (SE8) 

Total. Panama Canal Act of 9/29/79 

Total, certain former emp. of the PC Co. and CZ gov't 

New arrivals (SF1) 

Adjustments (SF6) 

Total, accompanying spouse or child of SF1 and SF6 

New arrivals (SF2) 

Adjustments (SF7) 

Total, certain former emp. of U.S. gov't in Panama CZ 

New arrivals (SG1) 

Adjustments (SG6) 

Total, accompanying spouse or child of SG1 and SG6 

New arrivals (SG2) 

Adjustments (SG7) 

Total, certain emp. of PC Co. or CZ gov't on 4/1/79 

Adjustments (SH6) 

Total foreign medical graduates, Act of 12/29/81 

Total, foreign med. school grads . adjustments (SJ6) 

Total, accompanying spouse or child of SJ6 

New arrivals (SJ2) 

Adjustments (SJ7) 

Total, special K classes 

Total, Act of 10/24/62 (PL. 87-555) 

Total, beneficiary of 4th preference petition 

New arrivals (K25) 

Total, spouse/child of bene, of 4th pref. petition 

New arrivals (K26) 

Total, refugee and asylee adjustments 

Refugee Relief Act of 1953, Act of 8/7/53 (Y64) 

Hungarian parolees, Act of 7/25/58 (M93) 

Refugee escapees, Act of 7/14/60 (M83) 

Total, Cuban refugees, Act of 11/2/66 

Cuban refugee (CU6) 

Non-Cuban spouse or child of Cuban refugee (CU7) 

Total, Indochinese refugees, Act of 10/28/77 

Indochinese refugee (IC6) 

Spouse or child of Indochinese refugee (IC7) 

Refugee parolees, Act of 10/5/78 (R86) 

Total, refugees. Act of 3/17/80 

Refugee (RE6) 

Spouse of refugee (RE7) 

Child of refugee (RE8) 

Total, asylees, Act of 3/17/80 

Asylee (AS6) 

Spouse of asylee (AS7) 

Child of asylee (AS8) 

Total, other adjustments 

Presumed admitted for lawful permanent residence (XB3) 

Suspension of deportation - other than crewman Sect. 244 (Z13) 

Suspension of deportation - crewman Sect. 244 (Z56) 

Section 249 entered before 7/1/24 (Z33) 

Section 249 entered 7/1/24-6/28/40 (Z03) 

Section 249 entered 6/29/40-6/30/48 (Z66) 

Private bill (Z43) 

See footnotes at end of table 



63 
541 
441 
100 
1,354 
476 
457 

19 
274 
271 
3 
604 
594 

10 
209 

50 

50 

71 
71 

37 
36 
1 
51 
51 



75,835 



9 
6,021 

5,928 

93 

22,497 

22,328 

169 

46,058 

X 

X 

X 

X 

1,250 

976 

103 

171 

263 

5 
17 

1 
90 
51 
95 

4 



89 
620 
474 
146 
720 
240 
234 

6 
160 
159 

1 
320 
318 

2 
826 
116 
111 

5 
284 
281 

3 
207 
196 
11 
219 
218 

1 



107,244 

1 



3,961 

3,894 

67 

19,589 

19,492 

97 

15,756 

66,439 

46,323 

5,314 

14,802 

1,498 

1,064 

177 

257 

166 

1 
17 



36 

37 
73 



127 

786 

566 

220 

554 

181 

175 

6 

120 

116 

4 

253 

250 

3 

455 

42 

40 

2 

93 

93 

155 

152 

3 

164 

161 

3 

1 

1 

1,866 

906 

960 

1 

959 



156,601 

1 

2 

1,965 

1,910 

55 

13,666 

13,620 

46 

48,826 

90,282 

68,984 

5,627 

15,671 

1,859 

1,407 

190 

262 

1,060 

2 
12 

55 

35 

67 

1 



109 
637 
443 
194 
529 
180 
177 
3 
107 
107 

242 

241 

1 

116 

8 
8 

19 
19 

43 
39 

4 
46 
43 

3 



790 

360 

430 

8 

422 



102,685 

1 



3,274 

3,092 

182 

3,122 

3,012 

110 

13,409 

79,965 

54,303 

6.920 

18,742 

2,914 

1,797 

444 

673 

3,286 

8 

1 

49 

28 

58 

3 



101 
562 
411 
151 
535 
189 
186 
3 
115 
115 

231 

230 

1 

86 

9 

6 

3 

12 

12 

29 
29 

36 

34 

2 



174 

89 

85 

2 

83 



92,127 



3,460 

3,192 

268 

875 

845 

30 

7,657 

74,528 

46,765 

7,894 

19,869 

5,607 

3,735 

782 

1.090 

281 

4 
19 

2 
48 
27 
36 



116 
693 
522 
171 
479 
156 
152 
4 
101 
101 

222 
219 

3 
130 

7 

2 

5 

10 

8 

2 

42 

41 

1 

71 

71 



87 

44 

43 

1 

42 



95,040 



14,288 

14,057 

231 

166 

142 

24 

3,766 

71,820 

43,511 

7,797 

20,512 

5,000 

3,333 

702 

965 

185 

22 

15 
1 
36 
21 
32 
5 



10 



TABLE 4. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY TYPE AND CLASS OF ADMISSION 
FISCAL YEARS 1980-86— Continued 



Class of admission 



1980 



1981 



1982 



1983 



1984 



1965 



1986 



Section 13. Act of 9/11/57 (Z83) 

Total, investors. Act of 12/29/81 

Investors (NP8) 

Accompanying spouse or child of NP8 (NP9) 

Individuals born under diplomatic status in U.S. (DS1) 
Total, Virgin Islands nonimmigrant, Act of 9/30/82 .... 

H-2 nonimmigrant (VI6) 

Spouse or child of VI6 (VI7) 

Total, other classes 

Child born abroad to alien resident (NA3) 

American Indian born in Canada (S13) , 

Child born subsequent to issuance of visa (XA3) 



X 

X 
X 
X 
X 
X 
X 

4,177 

3,428 

118 

631 



X 

X 
X 
X 
X 

X 
X 

3,167 

2,856 
146 

165 



881 

477 

404 

5 

2 

1 
1 

3,383 

3,157 
121 
105 



616 

319 

297 

6 

2,517 

1,325 

1,192 

3,610 

3,356 
109 
145 



128 

62 

66 

2 

15 

7 

8 

3,894 

3,639 
135 
120 



52 

32 

20 

1 



3,657 

3,429 

149 

79 



1 
40 
24 

16 
3 



3,729 

3,450 
175 
104 



' Although nonpreference visas have been unavailable since 1978, there were 7 nonpreference immigrants admitted in fiscal year 1985. These cases 
were filed pnor to 1978, were denied by INS, but were appealed through the judicial system. 
! The 389 suspension of deportation (Z11) immigrants reported in fiscal year 1986 include 192 immigrants who actually immigrated in fiscal year 1985. 
- Represents zero. X Not applicable. 



11 



TABLE 5. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY CLASS OF ADMISSION AND REGION AND SELECTED FOREIGN STATE 

OF CHARGEABILITY UNDER THE WORLDWIDE NUMERICAL LIMITATION 

FISCAL YEAR 1986 



Region and foreign state of 
changeability 



Total 



Relative preferences 



Total 



1st pref 



2nd 
pref. 



4th pref 



5th pref. 



Occupational preferences 



Total 



3rd pref. 
princi- 
pals 



3rd pref. 
benefi- 
ciaries 



6th pref. 
princi- 
pals 



6th pref. 
benefi- 
ciaries 



Other 



All countries 

Europe 

Belgium 

Denmark 

France 

Germany, Fed. Rep 

Greece 

Hungary 

Ireland 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Poland 

Portugal 

Portugal 

Macau 

Romania 

Spain , 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

U.S.S.R 

United Kingdom 

United Kingdom 

Hong Kong 

Other United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

Afghanistan 

Bangladesh 

Burma 

China, Mainland 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Iraq 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Kuwait 

Laos 

Lebanon 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Singapore 

Sri Lanka 

Syria 

Taiwan 

Thailand 

Turkey 

Vietnam 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Cape Verde 

Egypt 

Ethiopia 

Ghana 

Kenya 

Liberia 

Morocco 

Nigeria 

See footnotes at end of table. 



266,968 

24,253 

329 

186 

1,129 

1,251 

937 

170 

715 

1,367 

609 

2,791 

3,023 

2,719 

304 

458 

591 

445 

259 

452 

7,865 

6,888 

659 

318 

959 

717 

118,501 

171 
1,098 

741 
20,016 
18,474 

699 
5.662 

573 

1,842 

1,990 

1,453 

19.285 

226 

158 
1,951 

467 

4,156 

19,566 

277 

381 

840 

10,952 

1,659 

833 
4,308 

723 

6,686 
633 

1,479 
309 
447 
520 
228 
167 
483 



212,939 

13,384 

71 

51 

331 

415 

746 

92 

342 

977 

187 

2,193 

2,608 

2,359 

249 

331 

345 

85 

72 

267 

3,154 

2,448 

456 

250 

799 

318 

93,040 

139 

866 

694 

17,193 

15,916 

399 

3,292 

378 

995 

656 

1,397 

16,258 

199 

153 

1,536 

246 

3,630 

15,500 

163 

203 

677 

5,978 

1,376 

401 

4,210 

585 

4,767 
625 

1,170 
275 
336 
430 
169 
101 
280 



10,910 

719 

2 

4 
27 
32 
32 

1 
92 
34 
13 
77 
24 
21 

3 
10 
16 
11 

6 

12 

277 

146 

117 

14 

26 

23 

4,815 

3 

4 

3 

111 

22 
6 

10 

36 

19 

24 

82 

1 

5 

43 

3 

13 

4,045 

2 

1 

8 

84 

49 

5 

188 

48 

64 

16 
6 

10 
2 
6 



110,926 

5,175 

45 

30 

159 

223 

271 

34 

33 

321 

104 

1,119 

796 

736 

60 

163 

150 

47 

40 

102 

1,190 

872 

165 

153 

231 

117 

39,430 

114 
349 
263 

5,355 

6,576 
150 

1.812 
175 
340 
309 
612 

8,385 

67 

112 

667 

110 

1,512 

4,901 

50 

84 

335 

3,583 
842 
179 

2,288 
260 

2,640 

513 
449 
255 
284 
125 
114 
41 
255 



20,702 

2,845 

14 

9 

85 

66 

127 

40 

133 

204 

19 

664 

328 

283 

45 

104 

69 

23 

19 

98 

537 

452 

51 

34 

213 

93 

8,036 

55 

102 

2,617 

404 

33 
190 

38 
238 

25 

153 

938 

8 

19 
281 

16 

124 

1,919 

23 

18 

60 
375 

37 

23 
292 

48 

266 

24 

43 

2 

1 

10 

17 

12 

4 



70,401 

4,645 

10 

8 

60 

94 

316 

17 

84 

418 

51 

333 

1,460 

1,319 

141 

54 

110 

4 

7 

55 

1,150 

978 

123 

49 

329 

85 

40,759 

22 

458 

326 

9,110 

8,914 
210 

1,280 
165 
381 
303 
608 

6,853 

123 

17 

545 

117 

1,981 

4,635 

88 

100 

274 

1,936 
448 
194 

1.442 
229 

1,797 

72 
672 
18 
41 
293 
32 
48 
18 



53,625 

10,831 
258 

135 

797 

833 

190 

73 

373 

378 

421 

597 

415 

360 

55 

126 

245 

359 

187 

185 

4,702 

4,436 

198 

68 

158 

399 

25,378 

32 

232 

47 

2,808 

2,553 

300 

2,367 

195 

844 

1,331 

54 

3,014 

27 

5 

414 

221 

526 

4,041 

113 

177 

162 

4,974 

274 

432 

98 

137 

1,901 

8 

307 

34 

106 

89 

55 

66 

201 



11,763 

3,038 

73 

38 

208 

214 

73 

24 

151 

103 

113 

131 

29 

15 

14 

32 

47 

103 

49 

40 

1,436 

1,376 

54 

6 

40 

134 

6,280 

5 
84 
15 

442 

974 
82 

894 
60 

160 

245 
27 

426 
3 
1 

122 
97 

175 

487 
51 
76 
25 
1,597 
57 

109 
27 
39 

628 

121 
15 
34 
34 
11 
12 
92 



15,060 

4,022 

129 
60 

333 

321 
41 
28 

162 
98 

168 

161 
29 
16 
13 
49 
51 

186 
59 
50 
1,926 
1,862 
51 
13 
37 

134 

7,537 

9 
72 
17 

407 

966 
59 

785 
84 

285 

329 
19 

718 

6 

4 

83 

71 

118 
1.546 
43 
58 
14 
1.660 
45 
79 
17 
43 

698 

113 
11 
37 
21 
20 
4 
82 



11,399 

1,752 

25 

17 

117 

139 

44 

14 

44 

97 

70 

169 

134 

128 

6 

20 

76 

32 

46 

45 

544 

490 

35 

19 

49 

70 

4,741 

10 

36 

8 

797 

303 

61 
294 

25 

124 

521 

4 

582 



82 
28 

102 

941 

8 

19 

49 

508 
99 

108 
15 
17 

256 

4 
35 

7 
19 
15 

6 
27 
12 



15,403 

2,019 

31 

20 

139 

159 

32 

7 

16 

80 

70 

136 

223 

201 

22 

25 

71 

38 

33 

50 

796 

708 

58 

30 

32 

61 

6,820 

8 

40 

7 

1,162 

310 

98 

394 

26 

275 

236 

4 

1.288 

18 

127 

25 

131 

1,067 

11 

24 

74 

1,209 

73 

136 

39 

38 

319 

4 
38 

1 
16 
19 
18 
23 
15 



12 



TABLE 5. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY CLASS OF ADMISSION AND REGION AND SELECTED FOREIGN STATE 

OF CHARGEABILITY UNDER THE WORLDWIDE NUMERICAL LIMITATION 

FISCAL YEAR 1986— Continued 



Region and foreign state of 
chargeability 



Total 



Relative preferences 



Total 



1st pref. 



2nd 
pref. 



4th pref 



5th pref. 



Occupational preferences 



Total 



3rd pref. 
princi- 
pals 



3rd pref. 
benefi- 
ciaries 



6th pref. 
princi- 
pals 



6th pref. 
benefi- 
ciaries 



Other 



South Africa 

Tanzania 

Uganda 

Other Africa 

Oceania 

Australia 

Fiji 

New Zealand 

Tonga 

Other Oceania 

North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Antigua-Barbuda 

Bahamas, The 

Barbados 

Cuba 

Dominica 

Dominican Republic 

Grenada 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

St. Kitts-Nevis 

St. Lucia 

St. Vincent & Grenadines 

Trinidad & Tobago 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Peru 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Other South America 



925 
338 
346 

811 

1,741 

381 

742 
173 
335 
110 

91,870 

4.760 

19,810 

51,222 

593 

229 

1,225 

2,184 

389 

19,095 

826 

8,363 

15,013 

428 

333 

506 

2,038 

16,078 

902 

555 

6,764 

2,975 

2,394 

1,501 

987 

23,917 

1,129 

561 

632 

944 

5,927 

2,887 

8,282 

2,206 

399 

631 

119 



282 
276 
293 
530 

1,283 

66 

736 

63 
318 
100 

80,292 

2,018 

17,164 

48.272 

521 

178 

999 

2,168 

342 

18,974 

606 

7,973 

13,655 

411 

286 

389 

1,770 

12,838 

817 

484 

4,707 

2,338 

2,237 

1,336 

919 

20,173 
618 
387 
456 

677 

5,251 

2,595 

7,474 

1,925 

291 

405 

94 



23 

6 
6 
2 

4 
5 

4,860 

277 

2.904 

1,298 

21 

14 

33 

78 

15 

436 

9 

152 

447 

18 

9 

9 

57 

381 

27 

26 

53 

68 

95 

42 

70 

429 

28 

6 

23 

23 

91 

46 

132 

38 

17 

21 

4 



107 
74 
79 

344 

489 

37 
239 

21 
149 

43 

50,785 

695 

5,769 

35,414 

397 

124 

665 

452 

241 

15,825 

452 

6,400 

9,045 

318 

178 

295 

1,022 

8,907 

552 

310 

3,553 

1,547 

1,679 

821 

445 

12,407 

282 

228 

203 

387 

3,451 

1,811 

4,471 

1,138 

132 

247 

57 



99 

7 

4 

43 

152 

21 

59 
23 
33 
16 

7,652 
726 

3,666 
2,368 

20 

17 

84 

288 

8 

554 

28 

83 

1,042 

14 

2 

14 

214 

892 

86 

41 

179 

209 

117 

151 

109 

1,751 

127 

44 

60 

127 

268 

115 

728 

145 

54 

74 

9 



67 
194 
210 
132 

619 

2 
432 

17 
132 

36 

16,995 
320 

4,825 

9,192 

83 

23 

217 

1,350 

78 

2,159 

117 

1,338 

3,121 

61 

97 

71 

477 

2,658 

152 

107 

922 

514 

346 

322 

295 

5,586 

181 

109 

170 

140 

1,441 

623 

2,143 

604 

88 

63 

24 



643 
62 
53 

277 

455 

313 
6 

110 

17 

9 

11,357 

2,737 

2,504 

2,903 

67 

50 

226 

16 

47 

103 

217 

386 

1,353 

16 

45 

115 

262 

3,213 

73 

71 

2,056 

630 

152 

163 

68 

3,703 

503 
174 
373 
267 
667 
286 
801 
273 
108 
226 
25 



173 
16 
22 
98 

144 

101 

4 

38 

1 

1,227 

805 
145 
210 

6 
6 

13 
2 
4 
7 
6 

10 

124 

2 

5 

7 

18 

67 
4 
8 

17 
6 
5 

19 
8 

446 

98 

9 

61 

51 

67 

12 

54 

42 

4 

44 

4 



290 
12 
26 
82 

165 

127 

2 

34 



1,966 

1,324 
255 
255 

5 
13 
8 
1 
4 
5 
2 
9 
175 

7 

3 

23 

132 

6 

16 
28 
21 

2 
54 

5 

672 

101 
15 

136 
81 
99 
16 
76 
53 
14 
78 
3 



62 
22 

5 
42 

73 

39 

24 
8 
2 

3,474 

212 

781 

1,213 

34 

9 

121 

7 

17 

40 

116 

167 

489 

10 

19 

56 

128 

1,268 

25 

24 

836 

261 

65 

31 

26 

1,103 

130 

73 

73 

66 

227 

109 

256 

91 

44 

26 

8 



118 
12 

55 

73 

46 

14 
9 

4 

4,690 

396 

1,323 

1,225 

22 

22 

84 

6 

22 

51 

93 

200 

565 

4 

14 

49 

93 

1,746 

38 

23 

1,175 

342 

80 

59 

29 

1,482 

174 

77 

103 

69 

274 

149 

415 

87 

46 

78 

10 



1 

221 

5 

142 

47 

5 

1 



18 
3 
4 
5 
1 
2 
2 
6 
27 
12 

1 
7 
5 
2 



41 

8 



Includes suspension of deportation adjustments, private law adjustments, and foreign government official adjustments which are subject to 
numerical limitations. 

- Represents zero. 

NOTE: Class of admission categories (subject to numerical limitations): 
1st pref. - Unmarried sons and daughters of U.S. citizens and their children. 
2nd pref. - Spouses, unmarried sons, and daughters of resident aliens and their children. 
4th pref. - Married sons and daughters of U.S. citizens and their spouses and children. 
5th pref. - Brothers and sisters of U.S. citizens and their spouses and children. 
3rd pref. - Professionals or highly skilled workers (principals). 
3rd pref. - Spouses and children of principals (beneficiaries). 
6th pref. - Workers in short supply (principals). 
6th pref. - Spouses and children of principals (beneficiaries). 



13 



TABLE 6. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY TYPE OF ADMISSION AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 

FISCAL YEAR 1986 



Region and country 
of birth 



Immigrants admitted 



Total 



Subject to 
numerical 
limitations 



Exempt 

from 
numerical 
limitations 



New arrivals 



Total 



Subject to 
numerical 
limitations 



Exempt 

from 
numerical 
limitations 



Adjustments of status 



Total 



Subject to 
numerical 
limitations 



Exempt 

from 
numerical 
limitations 



All countries 

Europe 

Austria 

Belgium 

Czechoslovakia 

Denmark 

Finland 

France 

Germany, Fed. Rep 

Greece 

Hungary 

Ireland 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Norway , 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

U.S.S.R 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

Afghanistan 

Bangladesh 

Burma 

Cambodia 

China, Mainland 

Cyprus 

Hong Kong 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Iraq 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Kuwait 

Laos 

Lebanon 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Saudi Arabia 

Singapore , 

Sri Lanka 

Syria 

Taiwan 

Thailand 

Turkey , 

Vietnam 

Yemen (Sanaa) 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Cape Verde 

Egypt 

Ethiopia 

Ghana 

Kenya 

Liberia 



601,708 

62,512 

463 

620 

1,118 

554 

322 
2,518 
6,991 
2,512 
1,006 
1,839 
3,089 
1,261 

354 
8,481 
3,766 
5,198 
1,591 
1,098 

677 

2,588 

13,657 

2,011 

798 

268,248 

2,831 

1,634 

863 

13,501 

25,106 

307 

5,021 

26,227 

1,183 

16,505 

1,323 

3,790 

3,959 

3,081 

35,776 

496 

7,842 

3,994 

886 

5,994 

52,558 

275 

480 

596 

1,604 

13,424 

6,204 

1,753 

29.993 

420 

622 

17,463 

760 

2,989 

2,737 

1,164 

719 

618 



266,968 

22,710 

135 

331 

109 

180 

124 

1,084 

1,267 

941 

170 

734 

1,336 

536 

89 

2,777 

2.668 

468 

576 

435 

256 

465 

6,837 

943 

249 

1 19,609 

168 

1,093 

667 

123 

17,757 

124 

3,431 

18,827 

655 

5,668 
574 

1,748 

1,838 

1,513 

19,381 

234 

167 

1,925 
436 

3,919 
19,725 
126 
252 
384 
841 
10,793 

1,633 
818 

4,220 
128 
441 

6,514 

600 
1,465 
309 
445 
452 
227 



334,740 

39,802 

328 

289 

1,009 

374 

198 

1,434 

5,724 

1,571 

836 

1,105 

1,753 

725 

265 

5,704 

1,098 

4,730 

1,015 

663 

421 

2,123 

6,820 

1,068 

549 

148,639 

2,663 

541 

196 

13,378 

7,349 

183 

1,590 

7,400 

528 

10,837 

749 

2,042 

2,121 

1,568 

16,395 

262 

7.675 

2,069 

450 

2,075 

32,833 

149 

228 

212 

763 

2,631 

4,571 

935 

25,773 

292 

181 

10,949 

160 
1,524 
2.428 
719 
267 
391 



376,110 

28,269 

167 

265 

135 

276 

146 

1,033 

4,277 

1,670 

203 

890 

1,738 

515 

154 

2,469 

3,193 

587 

847 

431 

282 

426 

6,810 

1,346 

409 

158,010 
120 

1,197 

737 

133 

20,676 

141 

3.544 

22,421 

569 

4,081 
382 

1.639 

2,110 

2,109 

30,745 

236 

198 

1,774 
382 

4,702 
41,508 
157 
247 
325 
840 

7,610 

2,187 
881 

5,514 
366 
479 

7,055 

703 
1,644 
295 
612 
455 
241 



228,522 

14,319 

51 

135 

61 

80 

64 

544 

635 

768 

73 

418 

981 

238 

31 

1,903 

2,514 

354 

399 

153 

132 

223 

3,595 

779 

188 

100,484 

92 

925 

615 

93 

16,169 

75 

2,960 

17,113 

426 

3,090 

269 

962 

1,101 

1,364 

17,206 

193 

132 

1,226 

262 

3,526 

18,736 

106 

148 

239 

601 

6,366 

1,473 

522 

3,993 

114 

387 

4,889 

594 
1,156 
203 
372 
374 
165 



147,588 

13,950 

116 
130 
74 
196 
82 
489 

3,642 
902 
130 
472 
757 
277 
123 
566 
679 
233 
448 
278 
150 
203 

3,215 
567 
221 

57,526 

28 

272 

122 

40 

4,507 

66 

584 

5,308 

143 

991 

113 

677 

1,009 

745 

13,539 

43 

66 

548 

120 

1,176 

22,772 

51 

99 

86 

239 

1,244 

714 

359 

1,521 

252 

92 

2,166 
109 

488 
92 

240 
81 
76 



225,598 

34,243 

296 
355 
983 
278 
176 

1.485 

2,714 
842 
803 
949 

1,351 
746 
200 

6.012 
573 

4,611 
744 
667 
395 

2,162 

6.847 
665 
389 

110,238 

2,711 

437 

126 

13,368 

4,430 

166 

1,477 

3,806 

614 

12.424 

941 

2,151 

1,849 

972 

5,031 

260 

7,644 

2,220 

504 

1,292 

11,050 

118 

233 

271 

764 

5,814 

4,017 

872 

24,479 

54 

143 

10,408 

57 

1,345 

2,442 

552 

264 

377 



38,446 

8,391 

84 
196 

48 
100 

60 
540 
632 
173 

97 
316 
355 
298 

58 
874 
154 
114 
177 
282 
124 
242 
3,242 
164 

61 

19,125 

76 

168 

52 

30 

1.588 

49 

471 

1.714 

229 

2,578 

305 

786 

737 

149 

2,175 

41 

35 

699 

174 

393 

989 

20 

104 

145 

240 

4.427 

160 

296 

227 

14 

54 

1,625 

6 

309 

106 

73 

78 

62 



187,152 

25,852 
212 
159 

935 
178 
116 
945 

2,082 
669 
706 
633 
996 
448 
142 

5,138 
419 

4,497 
567 
385 
271 

1,920 

3,605 
501 
328 

91,113 

2.635 

269 

74 

13,338 

2,842 

117 

1,006 

2,092 

385 

9,846 

636 

1,365 

1,112 

823 

2,856 

219 

7,609 

1,521 

330 

899 

10.061 

98 

129 

126 

524 

1,387 

3,857 

576 

24,252 

40 

89 

8,783 

51 

1,036 

2,336 

479 

186 

315 



14 



TABLE 6. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY TYPE OF ADMISSION AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 

FISCAL YEAR 1986— Continued 



Region and country 
of birth 



Immigrants admitted 



Total 



Subject to 
numerical 
limitations 



Exempt 

from 

numerical 

limitations 



New arrivals 



Total 



Subject to 
numerical 
limitations 



Exempt 

from 
numerical 
limitations 



Adjustments of status 



Total 



Subject to 
numerical 
limitations 



Exempt 

from 
numerical 
limitations 



Morocco 

Nigeria 

Sierra Leone 

South Africa 

Tanzania 

Uganda 

Other Africa 

Oceania 

Australia 

Fill 

New Zealand 

Tonga 

Other Oceania 

North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Antigua-Barbuda 

Bahamas, The 

Barbados 

British Virgin Is 

Cuba 

Dominica 

Dominican Republic 

Grenada 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

St. Kitts-Nevis 

St. Lucia 

St. Vincent & Grenadines 

Trinidad & Tobago 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

Other North America 

South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Peru 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Other South America 

Unknown or not reported 



646 
2,976 

323 
1,566 

370 

401 
2,194 

3,894 

1,354 
972 
610 
510 
448 

207,714 

11,039 

66.533 

101,632 

812 

570 

1,595 

270 

33,114 

564 

26,175 

1.045 

12,666 

19,595 

573 

502 

635 

2,891 

625 

28,380 

1,385 

1.356 

10,929 

5.158 

4,532 

2,826 

2,194 

130 

41,874 

2.187 
1,079 
2,332 
2,243 

1 1 ,408 
4,516 

10.367 

4.895 

699 

1,854 

294 



173 
489 
114 
899 
295 
278 
768 

1,760 

408 
714 
176 
340 
122 

92,588 

4,774 

20.369 

51,631 

585 

227 

1,202 

138 

2,225 

396 

19,071 

822 

8,361 

14,983 

421 

332 

498 

2,016 

354 

15,749 

896 

557 

6,643 

2,913 

2,376 

1,470 

894 

65 

23,785 

1,126 

553 

848 

931 

5,896 

2,849 

8,224 

2,182 

393 

641 

142 



473 
2,487 

209 

667 
75 

123 
1,426 

2,134 

946 
258 
434 
170 
326 

115,126 

6,265 

46,164 

50,001 

227 

343 

393 

132 

30.889 

168 

7,104 

223 

4,305 

4,612 

152 

170 

137 

875 

271 

12,631 

489 

799 

4.286 

2,245 

2,156 

1,356 

1,300 

65 

18,089 

1,061 

526 

1,484 

1,312 

5,512 

1,667 

2,143 

2,713 

306 

1,213 

152 

1 



242 
563 
146 
833 
283 
259 
779 

2,312 

635 
885 
294 
321 

177 

149,465 

5,780 
58,208 
62,241 

669 

295 

1,330 

131 

2,552 

496 

24,087 

890 

10,785 

17,023 

488 

400 

534 

2,122 

439 

23,155 

1,149 

920 

9,876 

4,352 

3,686 

1,529 

1,643 

81 

30,997 

1,151 

704 

1,211 

1,482 

8,932 

3,551 

9,554 

3,046 

439 

718 

209 



123 
321 
95 
518 
248 
227 
493 

1,320 

169 

688 

110 

273 

80 

86,234 

2,729 

19,343 

49,581 

544 

174 

1,135 

109 

2,146 

390 

18,710 

768 

7,971 

14,381 

403 

307 

468 

1,768 

307 

14,536 

841 

482 

6,446 

2,741 

2.219 

1,032 

775 

45 

21,274 

756 

484 

570 

752 

5,387 

2,634 

7,972 

1,873 

326 

403 

117 



119 

242 
51 

315 
35 
32 

286 

992 

466 

197 

184 

48 

97 

63,231 

3,051 

38.865 

12,660 

125 

121 

195 

22 

406 

106 

5,377 

122 

2.814 

2,642 

85 

93 

66 

354 

132 

8,619 

308 

438 

3,430 

1,611 

1,467 

497 

868 

36 

9,723 

395 

220 

641 

730 

3,545 

917 

1,582 

1,173 

113 

315 

92 



404 
2,413 

177 

733 
87 

142 
1,415 

1,582 

719 
87 
316 
189 
271 

58,249 

5,259 

8,325 

39,391 

143 

275 

265 

139 

30,562 

68 

2,088 
155 

1,881 

2,572 
85 
102 
101 
769 
186 

5,225 
236 
436 

1,053 
806 
846 

1,297 

551 

49 

10,877 

1,036 
375 

1,121 
761 

2,476 
965 
813 

1,849 
260 

1,136 
85 

1 



50 
168 

19 

381 

47 

51 

275 

440 

239 
26 
66 
67 
42 

6,354 

2,045 

1,026 

2,050 

41 

53 

67 

29 

79 

6 

361 

54 

390 

602 

18 

25 

30 

248 

47 

1,213 

55 

75 

197 

172 

157 

438 

119 

20 

2,511 

370 

69 

278 

179 

509 

215 

252 

309 

67 

238 

25 



354 

2,245 

158 

352 

40 

91 

1,140 

1,142 
480 
61 
250 
122 
229 

51,895 

3,214 

7,299 

37,341 

102 

222 

198 

110 

30,483 

62 

1,727 

101 

1,491 

1,970 

67 

77 

71 

521 

139 

4,012 

181 

361 

856 

634 

689 

859 

432 

29 

8,366 

666 
306 
843 
582 

1,967 
750 
561 

1.540 

193 

898 

60 

1 



- Represents zero. 



15 



TABLE 7. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY CLASS OF ADMISSION 

AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 

FISCAL YEAR 1986 



Region and country 
of birth 



Total 



Subject to 
numerical 
limitations 



Immigrants exempt from numerical limitations 



Total 



Immediate 
relatives' 



Parents of 

adult U.S. 

citizens 



Spouses 

of U.S. 

citizens ' 



Children 

of U.S. 

citizens J 



Refugee 

and 
asylee 
adjust- 
ments 



Special 
immi- 
grants 



Children 

born 
abroad to 

aliens ' 



All countries 

Europe 

Austria 

Belgium 

Czechoslovakia 

Denmark 

Finland 

France 

Germany, Fed. Rep 

Greece 

Hungary 

Ireland 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

U.S.S.R 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

Afghanistan 

Bangladesh 

Burma 

Cambodia 

China, Mainland 

Cyprus 

Hong Kong 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Iraq 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Kuwait 

Laos 

Lebanon 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Saudi Arabia 

Singapore 

Sri Lanka 

Syria 

Taiwan 

Thailand 

Turkey 

Vietnam 

Yemen (Sanaa) 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Cape Verde 

Egypt 

Ethiopia 

See footnotes at end of table. 



601,708 

62,512 

463 

620 

1,118 

554 

322 
2,518 
6,991 
2,512 
1,006 
1,839 
3.089 
1,261 

354 
8,481 
3,766 
5,198 
1,591 
1,098 

677 

2,588 

13,657 

2,011 

798 

268,248 

2,831 

1,634 

863 

13,501 

25,106 

307 

5,021 

26,227 

1,183 

16.505 

1,323 

3,790 

3,959 

3,081 

35,776 

496 

7,842 

3,994 

886 

5,994 

52,558 

275 

480 

596 

1,604 

13,424 

6,204 

1,753 

29.993 

420 

622 

17,463 

760 
2,989 
2,737 



266,968 

22,710 
135 

331 

109 

180 

124 

1,084 

1,267 

941 

170 

734 

1,336 

536 

89 

2,777 

2,668 

468 

576 

435 

256 

465 

6,837 

943 

249 

119,609 
168 

1,093 

667 

123 

17,757 

124 

3,431 

18.827 

655 

5.668 
574 

1,748 

1.838 

1,513 

19,381 

234 

167 

1,925 
436 

3,919 
19.725 
126 
252 
384 
841 
10.793 

1.633 
818 

4.220 
128 
441 

6,514 

600 

1,465 

309 



334,740 

39,802 

328 

289 

1,009 

374 

198 

1,434 

5,724 

1,571 

836 

1,105 

1,753 

725 

265 

5,704 

1,098 

4,730 

1,015 

663 

421 

2,123 

6,820 

1,068 

549 

148,639 

2,663 

541 

196 

13,378 

7,349 

183 

1,590 

7,400 

528 

10,837 

749 

2,042 

2,121 

1,568 

16,395 

262 

7,675 

2.069 

450 

2,075 

32,833 

149 

228 

212 

763 

2,631 

4,571 

935 

25,773 

292 

181 

10,949 

160 

1,524 

2,428 



223,468 

27,279 

268 

281 

167 

369 

195 

1,385 

5,549 

1,523 

286 

1,065 

1,670 

710 

256 

1,715 

1,073 

393 

868 

648 

409 

457 

6,626 

1,009 

357 

87,651 

63 

523 

187 

70 

6,668 

179 

1,408 

7,069 

374 

4,787 

379 

1,919 

2,025 

1,523 

15,971 

248 

111 

1,997 

360 

1,884 

31,652 

125 

222 

188 

724 

2,542 

1,302 

880 

1,814 

289 

168 

8,163 

159 

1,474 

299 



45,232 

2,909 

20 

23 

33 

13 

4 

64 

180 

237 

44 

53 

274 

35 

13 

352 

379 

178 

85 

21 

10 

203 

393 

225 

70 

30,199 

27 

108 

110 

33 

4,812 

23 

143 

4,369 

80 

1,834 

109 

133 

118 

315 

4,557 

64 

455 

42 

578 

9,439 

2 

16 

56 

192 

945 

274 

279 

1,061 

5 

20 

650 

58 

274 

25 



137,597 

21,621 

238 

242 

122 

329 

182 

1,213 

4,645 

1,166 

201 

858 

1,299 

638 

229 

1,165 

599 

188 

701 

591 

381 

233 

5,473 

691 

237 

39,219 

32 

373 

71 

25 

1,734 

147 

1,057 

1,990 

267 

2.842 

268 

1,582 

1,740 

1,058 

4,549 

241 

25 

1,440 

305 

1,176 

14,224 

112 

182 

124 

515 

1,226 

759 

549 

394 

105 

107 

7,058 

62 

1,162 

242 



40,639 

2,749 

10 

16 

12 

27 

9 

108 

724 

120 

41 

154 

97 

37 

14 

198 

95 

27 

82 

36 

18 

21 

760 

93 

50 

18,233 

4 

42 

6 

12 

122 

9 

208 

710 

27 

111 

2 

204 

167 

150 

6,865 

7 

22 

102 

13 

130 

7,989 

11 

24 

8 

17 

371 

269 

52 

359 

179 

41 

455 

39 
38 
32 



104,383 

11,868 

53 

3 

841 



13 
100 

27 
543 

24 



3,949 

4,308 

114 

1 

6 

1,654 

14 

32 

185 

58,685 

2,600 

1 

2 

13,300 

618 

3 

117 

35 

148 

6,022 

367 

5 

5 

3 

6 

5 

7,556 

41 

81 

68 

459 

1 

3 

23 

1 

3,240 

42 

23,930 

1 

2 

2,547 

5 
2,102 



2,992 

316 

4 

3 

1 

4 

2 

13 

11 

1 

6 

37 

21 

8 

4 

35 

2 

29 

26 

6 

2 

12 

71 

15 

3 

1,570 

16 
5 
8 

41 

50 

150 

4 

20 

2 

76 

52 

8 

300 

8 
18 

5 

37 

636 

5 

2 
21 
13 
40 
18 

7 
25 

3 

180 

17 
27 



3,554 

317 

1 
2 

1 

1 

23 

62 

15 

1 
36 
7 
4 
1 
23 

7 
8 
4 

107 

11 

3 

661 

1 



12 

1 

14 

137 

2 

7 

1 

42 

36 

34 

118 

9 

13 

3 

85 

53 

18 

1 

3 

3 

44 

8 

6 

2 
8 

53 

1 
26 



16 



TABLE 7. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY CLASS OF ADMISSION 

AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 

FISCAL YEAR 1986— Continued 



Region and country 
of birth 



Total 



Subject to 
numerical 
limitations 



Immigrants exempt from numerical limitations 



Total 



Immediate 
relatives' 



Parents of 

adult U.S. 

citizens 



Spouses 

of U.S. 

citizens '' 



Children 

of U.S. 

citizens ' 



Refugee 

and 
asylee 
adjust- 
ments 



Special 
immi- 
grants 



Children 

born 

abroad to 

aliens ' 



Others 



Ghana 

Kenya 

Liberia 

Morocco 

Nigeria 

Sierra Leone 
South Africa . 

Tanzania 

Uganda 

Other Africa .. 



Oceania 

Australia 

Fiji 

New Zealand ... 

Tonga 

Other Oceania 



North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Antigua-Barbuda 

Bahamas, The 

Barbados 

British Virgin Is 

Cuba 

Dominica 

Dominican Republic 

Grenada 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

St. Kitts-Nevis 

St. Lucia 

St. Vincent & Grenadines . 

Trinidad & Tobago 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

Other North America 



outh America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Peru 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Other South America . 



nknown or not reported . 



1,164 
719 
618 
646 

2,976 
323 

1,566 
370 
401 

2,194 

3,894 

1,354 
972 
610 
510 
448 

207,714 

11.039 

66,533 

101,632 

812 

570 

1.595 

270 

33.114 

564 

26,175 

1,045 

12,666 

19,595 

573 

502 

635 

2,891 

625 

28,380 

1,385 

1,356 

10.929 

5,158 

4.532 

2,826 

2,194 

130 

41,874 

2,187 
1,079 
2.332 
2,243 

1 1 .408 
4.516 

10.367 

4.895 

699 

1,854 

294 



445 
452 
227 
173 
489 
114 
899 
295 
278 
768 

1,760 

408 
714 
176 
340 
122 

92,588 

4,774 

20,369 

51,631 

585 

227 

1,202 

138 

2,225 

396 

19,071 

822 

8,361 

14,983 

421 

332 

498 

2,016 

354 

15,749 

896 

557 

6,643 

2,913 

2,376 

1,470 

894 

65 

23,785 

1,126 

553 

848 

931 

5,896 

2,849 

8,224 

2,182 

393 

641 

142 



719 
267 
391 
473 

2,487 

209 

667 

75 

123 

1,426 

2,134 

946 
258 
434 
170 
326 

115,126 

6,265 

46,164 

50,001 

227 

343 

393 

132 

30,889 

168 

7,104 

223 

4,305 

4,612 

152 

170 

137 

875 

271 

12,631 

489 

799 

4,286 

2,245 

2,156 

1,356 

1,300 

65 

18,089 

1,061 

526 

1,484 

1,312 

5,512 

1,667 

2,143 

2,713 

306 

1,213 

152 

1 



672 
250 
384 
464 

2,457 

207 

563 

73 

78 

1,083 

2,067 

916 
257 
419 
165 

310 

80,767 

5,848 

44,201 

19,058 

218 

329 

371 

121 

541 

156 

6,830 

223 

4,251 

4,502 

146 

167 

134 

814 

255 

11,600 

484 

752 

3,950 

2,150 

2,092 

1,003 

1,169 

60 

17,541 

988 

509 
1,421 
1,264 
5,397 
1.601 
2.114 
2,667 

300 
1,129 

151 



21 
28 
13 
46 
10 
8 
89 
19 
13 
46 

201 

15 
105 

5 
37 
39 

8,228 

205 
3,355 
2,752 

47 

13 

58 

15 

273 

39 

966 

52 

379 

682 

38 

28 

25 

107 

30 

1,899 

125 

65 

668 

407 

221 

289 

124 

17 

3,045 

161 

121 

53 

232 

731 

297 

785 

553 

51 

39 

22 



569 

207 

312 

405 

2,420 

175 

411 

52 

59 

982 

1,630 

786 
130 
380 
122 
212 

57,076 

4,756 

32,757 

12,743 

125 

202 

242 

87 

207 

93 

4,332 

138 

3,409 

2,883 

81 

99 

88 

573 

184 

6,782 

264 

502 

2,406 

1,179 

1,202 

537 

692 

38 

10,993 
722 
305 

1,038 
625 

3,371 

1,036 
945 

1,747 

212 

902 

90 



82 

15 
59 
13 
27 
24 
63 
2 
6 
55 

236 

115 

22 

34 

6 

59 

15,463 

887 

8,089 

3,563 

46 

114 

71 

19 

61 

24 

1,532 

33 

463 

937 

27 

40 

21 

134 

41 

2,919 

95 

185 

876 

564 

669 

177 

353 

5 

3,503 

105 

83 

330 

407 

1,295 

268 

384 

367 

37 

188 

39 



22 

4 
2 
1 

2 
33 

1 

43 

332 



1 

31,086 

7 

41 

30,356 



1 

30,333 
6 
8 



1 
682 

11 

289 

18 

37 

324 

3 



195 

11 
4 
2 
28 
49 
14 

30 

1 

56 



23 

11 
3 
7 

26 

55 

2 
9 

49 

25 

9 

4 

11 

693 

123 
134 
165 

6 
12 
13 

4 
15 

5 

9 

9 
53 

6 

2 

3 
23 

5 
270 

1 
31 
33 
55 
16 
29 
105 

1 

184 

48 

8 

45 

12 

17 

10 

24 

3 

3 

13 

1 



1 



16 

4 
1 
6 
1 

4 

2,342 

96 
1,749 
419 
3 
2 
8 
6 

1 
256 

38 
56 



38 
10 

78 
4 
5 

13 

22 
11 

23 



165 

13 

5 
16 

8 
49 
41 

5 
12 

2 
14 



238 

191 

39 

3 



Includes parents, spouses, and children of U.S. citizens. 

Includes persons who entered as fiances(ees) and have married U.S. citizens. 

Includes children whose parents entered as fiances(ees) and have married U.S. citizens. 

Includes children born abroad to U.S. lawful permanent resident aliens and babies born after the issuances of visas. 

Represents zero. 



17 



TABLE 8. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY CLASS OF ADMISSION AND REGION 

AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF LAST PERMANENT RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1986 



Region and country 

of last 
permanent residence 



Total 



Subject to 
numerical 
limitations 



Immigrants exempt from numerical limitations 



Total 



Immediate 
relatives' 



Parents of 

adult U.S. 

citizens 



Spouses 

of U.S. 

citizens '' 



Children 

of U.S. 

citizens ' 



Refugee 

and 
asylee 
adjust- 
ments 



Special 
immi- 
grants 



Children 

born 

abroad to 

aliens ' 



All countries 

Europe 

Austria 

Belgium 

Czechoslovakia 

Denmark 

France 

Germany, Federal Rep 

Greece 

Hungary 

Ireland 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

U.S.S.R 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

Afghanistan 

Bangladesh 

Burma 

Cambodia 

China, Mainland 

Cyprus 

Hong Kong 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Iraq 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Kuwait 

Laos 

Lebanon 

Macau 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Saudi Arabia 

Singapore 

Sri Lanka 

Syria 

Taiwan 

Thailand 

Turkey 

United Arab Emirates 

Vietnam 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Cape Verde 

Egypt 

Ethiopia 

See footnotes at end of table. 



601,708 

69,224 

2,039 

843 

588 

544 

3,876 

9,824 

3,497 

565 

1,757 

5,711 

1,263 

6,540 

3,804 

3,809 

2,232 

1,197 

923 

1,001 

16,129 

1,915 

1,167 

258,546 
944 

1,521 

523 

4,502 

16,458 

456 

9,930 

24,808 

3,420 

12,031 

650 

5,124 

4,444 

2,812 

35,164 

963 

3,654 

3,002 

454 

1,565 

7,034 

61,492 

1,227 

1,109 

457 

1,333 

15,931 

19,086 

1,975 

594 

15,010 

873 

15,500 

701 
2,746 

1,457 



266,968 

26,268 

251 

459 

31 

179 

1,814 

1,868 

1,432 

97 

703 

1,398 

527 

2,444 

2,708 

319 

875 

482 

379 

60 

9,003 

866 

373 

114,202 

77 

1,027 

393 

4 

13,511 

187 

6,128 

17,611 

616 

3,724 

249 

2,422 

1,810 

1,392 

18,995 

534 

17 

1,198 

364 

362 

3,591 

19,532 

598 

406 

281 

663 

1 1 ,774 

4,718 

1,065 

407 

141 

405 

5,383 

546 

1,302 

203 



334,740 

42,956 

1,788 

384 

557 

365 

2,062 

7,956 

2.065 

468 

1,054 

4,313 

736 

4,096 

1,096 

3,490 

1,357 

715 

544 

941 

7,126 

1,049 

794 

144,344 
867 
494 

130 

4,498 

2,947 

269 

3,802 

7,197 

2,804 

8,307 

401 

2,702 

2,634 

1,420 

16,169 

429 

3,637 

1,804 

90 

1,203 

3,443 

41,960 

629 

703 

176 

670 

4,157 

14,368 

910 

187 

14,869 

468 

10,117 

155 
1,444 
1,254 



223,468 

28,403 

323 

364 

81 

358 

1,882 

6,461 

1,711 

171 

1,021 

1,690 

716 

1,511 

1,070 

280 

987 

698 

515 

142 

6,852 

898 

672 

85,292 

22 

473 

124 

10 

2,834 

265 

3,153 

6,485 

363 

3,893 

259 

2,533 

2,526 

1,365 

15,760 

410 

34 

1,730 

85 

335 

1,925 

30,712 

592 

284 

150 

642 

4,059 

2,649 

853 

174 

132 

461 

7,533 
154 

1,349 
248 



45,232 

3,171 

41 

46 

21 

12 

224 

324 

315 

12 

45 

273 

34 

268 

374 

143 

120 

27 

20 

48 

566 

202 

56 

29,346 

6 

93 

86 

3 

1,475 

51 

1,561 

4,051 

75 

1.385 

58 

403 

149 

247 

4,540 

56 

21 

493 

62 

58 

711 

9,427 

36 

47 

48 

184 

2,388 

1,274 

277 

23 

36 

22 

661 

54 

262 

28 



137,597 

22,380 

266 

302 

52 

320 

1,532 

5,347 

1,252 

124 

815 

1.316 

643 

1,055 

591 

113 

776 

631 

467 

84 

5,552 

601 

541 

37,795 

16 

336 

37 

5 

1,254 

195 

1,368 

1,724 

250 

2,429 

199 

1,924 

2,093 

965 

4,380 

342 

7 

1,175 

21 

269 

1,083 

13.401 

513 

202 

95 

438 

1,308 

814 

516 

139 

63 

234 

6,413 

56 

1,051 

192 



40,639 

2,852 

16 

16 

8 

26 

126 

790 

144 

35 

161 

101 

39 

188 

105 

24 

91 

40 

28 

10 

734 

95 

75 

18,151 

44 

1 

2 

105 

19 

224 

710 

38 

79 

2 

206 

284 

153 

6,840 

12 

6 

62 

2 

8 

131 

7,884 

43 

35 

7 

20 

363 

561 

60 

12 

33 

205 

459 

44 
36 
28 



104,383 

13,958 

1,456 

15 

476 

3 

144 

1,416 

335 

296 

2,566 

8 

2,554 

1 

3,193 

336 

2 

22 

796 

93 

134 

112 

56,773 

845 



4,488 

88 

3 

557 

413 

2.428 

4.386 

141 

28 

22 

2 

7 

10 

3,603 

42 

5 

863 

1,398 

10,529 

6 

413 

5 

22 

14 

1 1 ,665 

44 

8 

14,737 

1 

2,366 

55 
989 



2,992 

263 

7 
3 

3 
14 
19 

1 

30 

18 

4 

26 

2 

17 

26 

7 

3 

3 

73 

5 

2 

1,546 

19 
4 



71 

154 

11 

20 

101 
47 
15 

284 
1 

19 

1 

34 

634 

13 

5 
18 

3 
37 
42 

7 



3 
155 



3,554 

312 

1 
2 

1 
22 
59 
14 

1 

37 

7 

1 

23 

7 
8 
4 

106 

11 

8 

661 

2 



14 

1 

15 

137 

2 

7 

1 

40 

36 

38 

118 

8 



10 

17 



13 

3 

85 

52 

18 

1 

3 

3 

42 

8 

6 

5 



53 

1 
26 



18 



TABLE 8. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY CLASS OF ADMISSION AND REGION 

AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF LAST PERMANENT RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1986— Continued 



Region and country 

of last 
permanent residence 



Ghana 

Kenya 

Liberia 

Nigena 

South Afnca 

Sudan 

Other Afnca . 



Oceania 

Australia 

Fiji 

New Zealand ... 

Tonga 

Other Oceania 



Morth America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Antigua-Barbuda 

Bahamas, The , 

Barbados 

Bermuda 

Cuba 

Dominica 

Dominican Republic 

Grenada 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

St. Kitts-Nevis 

St. Lucia 

St. Vincent & Grenadines . 

Trinidad & Tobago 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

)ther North America 



i uth America 

rgentina 

Olivia 

razil , 

hile 

; olombia 

l cuador 

I uyana 

i eru 

| ruguay 

Isnezuela 

| ther South America . 



Total 



l;nown or not reported . 



1.001 
504 
663 
3,093 
1,647 
1,073 
2,615 

4,352 
1.854 
950 
569 
500 
479 

211,428 

16,060 

66.753 

98,527 

828 

881 

1,636 

259 

30,787 

531 

26,216 

948 

12,356 

18,916 

525 

494 

584 

2,844 

722 

30,086 

1.417 

2,311 

10,881 

5,253 

4,569 

2,594 

3,061 

2 

42,650 

2,318 
1,085 
2.693 
2,122 
11,213 
4,518 
9,908 
4.813 

668 
2,850 

462 

8 



Immigrants exempt from numerical limitations 



Subject to 
numerical 
limitations 



390 
236 
255 
559 
919 
47 
926 

1,983 

645 
683 
175 
336 
144 

94,690 

7,905 

20,455 

49,135 

591 

342 

1,218 

99 

331 

376 

19.100 

749 

8,235 

14,525 

392 

330 

463 

1,968 

416 

17,195 

920 

1.365 

6.642 

2,978 

2,402 

1,315 

1,573 



24,439 

1,237 

562 
1,156 

869 
5,863 
2,855 
7,896 
2,150 

388 
1,195 

268 



Total 



611 

268 

408 

2,534 

728 

1,026 

1,689 

2,369 

1,209 
267 
394 
164 
335 

116,738 

8,155 

46,298 

49,392 

237 

539 

418 

160 

30,456 

155 

7,116 

199 

4.121 

4,391 

133 

164 

121 

876 

306 

12,891 

497 

946 

4,239 

2,275 

2,167 

1,279 

1,488 

2 

18,211 

1,081 

523 

1,537 

1,253 

5,350 

1.663 

2,012 

2.663 

280 

1.655 

194 



Immediate 
relatives' 



567 
239 
399 

2.492 

625 

48 

1,412 

2,269 

1,152 

265 

377 
159 
316 

82,421 

7.650 

44.322 

18,692 

232 

523 

397 

158 

355 

141 

6,835 

199 

4,067 

4.291 

129 

160 

118 

809 

278 

11,755 

491 

832 

3,905 

2,175 

2,100 

921 

1,331 

2 

17,546 

1,006 

499 

1,466 

1,212 

5,243 

1,595 

1,985 

2.618 

277 

1,456 

189 



Parents of 

adult U.S. 

citizens 



22 

26 
15 
21 

127 
3 

103 

267 

68 

116 

8 

35 

40 

8,569 

583 
3,390 
2,625 

48 

34 

57 

11 

170 

34 

973 

44 

365 

658 

33 

25 

22 

117 

34 

1,971 

123 

97 

658 

416 

229 

264 

184 



3,217 
212 

120 

99 

223 

737 

289 

754 

564 

59 

126 

34 

1 



Spouses 

of U.S. 

citizens ' 



469 
198 
328 

2,433 

433 

45 

1,208 

1,783 

978 
126 
338 
118 
223 

58,360 

6,150 

32,841 

12,525 

137 

390 

257 

122 

152 

84 

4,326 

123 

3,240 

2,697 

63 

95 

77 

554 

208 

6,842 

270 

540 

2,369 

1,198 

1,195 

501 

769 

2 

10,864 

696 

295 
1,052 

579 
3,232 
1,035 

851 
1,693 

180 
1,136 

115 



Children 

of U.S. 

citizens 3 



76 
15 
56 
38 
65 

101 

219 

106 

23 

31 

6 

53 

15,492 

917 

8,091 

3,542 

47 

99 

83 

25 

33 

23 

1,536 

32 

462 

936 

33 

40 

19 

138 

36 

2,942 

98 

195 

878 

561 

676 

156 

378 



3,465 

98 

84 
315 
410 
1,274 
271 
380 
361 

38 
194 

40 

1 



Refugee 

and 
asylee 
adjust- 
ments 



24 

19 

3 

13 

24 

978 

261 

21 

20 



1 

30,962 
20 
50 

30,131 



1 

30,100 

7 

14 

6 
1 



1 
761 

71 
288 

22 

39 
329 

12 



302 

11 
7 
5 
22 
48 
17 

30 

162 

1 



Includes parents, spouses, and children of U.S. citizens. 

Includes persons who entered as fiances(ees) and have married U.S. citizens. 

Includes children whose parents entered as fiances(ees) and have married U.S. citizens. 

Includes children born abroad to U.S. lawful permanent resident aliens and babies born after the issuances of visas. 

Represents zero. 



Special 
immi- 
grants 



17 

8 

4 

25 

63 

11 

62 

32 
1 

11 
4 

14 

773 

195 

138 

144 

2 

14 
12 

1 
5 
9 

10 

42 

4 

2 

3 

29 

11 

296 

2 

38 

32 

56 

17 

29 

122 



193 

51 
12 
48 
11 
10 

9 
22 

2 

1 
22 

5 



Children 

born 

abroad to 

aliens ' 



16 

4 
1 
6 

1 
4 

2,347 

98 

1,750 

421 

3 
2 
8 

1 

2 

257 

38 
56 



38 
15 
78 
4 
5 
13 
22 
11 

23 



165 

13 

5 
16 

8 
49 
41 

5 
12 

2 
14 



Others 



235 

192 

38 

4 



19 



TABLE 9. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED WHO WERE ADJUSTED TO PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUS 
BY SELECTED STATUS AT ENTRY AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 

FISCAL YEAR 1986 



Region and country 
of birth 



Total 



Visitors 
for busi- 
ness 



Visitors 
for pleas- 
ure 



Treaty 
traders 
and in- 
vestors' 



Stu- 
dents' 



Tempo- 
rary work- 
ers' 



Exchange 
visitors' 



Fiances- 
tees) 2 



Intracom- 
pany 

transfer- 
ees' 



Refugees 
and parol- 
ees 



All countries 

Europe 

Austria 

Belgium 

Czechoslovakia 

Denmark 

Finland 

France 

Germany, Fed. Rep 

Greece 

Hungary 

Ireland 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

U.S.S.R 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

Afghanistan 

Bangladesh 

Burma 

Cambodia 

China, Mainland 

Cyprus 

Hong Kong 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Iraq 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Kuwait 

Laos 

Lebanon 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Saudi Arabia 

Singapore 

Sri Lanka 

Syria 

Taiwan 

Thailand 

Turkey 

Vietnam 

Yemen (Sanaa) 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Cape Verde 

Egypt 

Ethiopia 

Ghana 

Kenya 

See footnotes at end of table 



225,598 

34,243 
296 
355 
983 
278 
176 

1,485 

2,714 
842 
803 
949 

1,351 
746 
200 

6,012 
573 

4,611 
744 
667 
395 

2,162 

6,847 
665 
389 

110,238 

2,711 

437 

126 

13,368 

4,430 

166 

1,477 

3,806 

614 

12,424 

941 

2,151 

1,849 

972 

5,031 

260 

7,644 

2,220 

504 

1,292 

1 1 ,050 

118 

233 

271 

764 

5,814 

4,017 

872 

24,479 

54 

143 

10,408 

57 

1,345 

2,442 

552 

264 



3,496 

428 

7 

8 

5 

2 

5 

36 

33 

21 

3 

15 

24 

13 

1 

27 

7 

7 

17 

17 

14 

4 

150 

8 

4 

1,718 

10 

10 

2 

2 

104 

1 

35 

130 

9 

100 

11 

34 

42 

18 

291 

1 

59 

4 

45 

561 

1 

5 

6 

18 

161 

26 

17 

11 

1 

3 

237 

1 
55 
10 
26 

3 



72,153 

12,790 

142 
124 
109 
133 
68 
679 

1,424 
422 
247 
550 
938 
301 
93 

2,042 
402 
306 
422 
275 
162 
453 

2,869 
497 
132 

26,334 

180 

79 

49 

79 

2,053 

53 

518 

1,901 

207 

4,848 

358 

1,428 

643 

393 

2,049 

56 

81 

1,254 

127 

675 

5,548 

40 

75 

89 

387 

1,710 

404 

466 

498 

29 

57 

3,447 

47 
888 
264 
264 

63 



2,386 

822 

11 

22 

2 

6 

9 

90 

188 

2 

2 

21 

52 

35 

4 

6 

1 

3 

12 

3 

16 

10 

312 

9 

6 

1,464 



1 

1 

99 

13 

13 

2 

100 

2 

37 

258 

526 
1 

1 

1 

23 

37 

4 
1 

336 

5 
2 

1 

12 

1 

1 
1 



21,043 

1,303 

14 

23 

2 

16 

20 

124 

144 

233 

8 

34 

51 

67 

39 

40 

22 

13 

59 

51 

46 

20 

243 

19 

15 

13,326 

24 

275 

41 

5 

909 

78 

456 

724 

147 

3,519 

157 

258 

337 

526 

1,007 

190 

3 

721 

163 

322 

346 

62 

72 

71 

295 

2,077 

261 

183 

30 

17 

50 

3,260 

1 
181 
190 
195 
136 



9,159 

2,616 

21 
52 
19 
33 
16 

166 

151 
59 
22 

143 
64 

114 
11 
87 
15 
29 
50 
80 
49 
32 
1.353 
34 
16 

4,314 

38 

6 

2 

197 

18 

134 

527 

29 

296 

33 

203 

175 

12 

220 

5 

4 

56 

57 

77 

1,175 

4 

26 

63 

9 

810 

18 

84 

23 

1 

12 

387 

61 

5 

26 

31 



1,993 

729 

4 
14 

4 
15 
14 
75 
93 
12 
15 
18 
24 
23 

3 
113 

20 
9 
9 

20 

18 
203 

21 
2 

826 

7 

20 

4 

70 

5 

8 

177 

6 

98 
4 

70 

41 
2 

25 



17 
3 

13 

110 

1 

1 

20 
6 

70 
8 

30 
6 



141 

38 

13 

6 

5 



6,864 

1,217 

6 
13 

5 
15 

9 

54 

274 

41 

2 
59 
58 
36 
13 
60 
98 

8 
44 
34 
27 
14 
294 
36 
17 

3,970 

2 

18 

3 

196 

63 
82 

8 
57 

3 

42 

191 

7 
623 

4 

2 

15 

25 

11 

2,423 

4 
13 

3 
14 
56 
44 
21 
38 

2 



158 

8 
25 
8 
9 
9 



6,222 

2,493 

31 
80 
13 
47 
24 

200 

189 

11 

7 

96 

71 

137 
30 
18 
12 
6 
34 

182 

47 

11 

1.225 

7 

15 

1,590 

6 
1 
2 

131 

4 

123 

115 

30 

60 

13 

38 

121 

3 

170 

1 

31 
36 
28 
50 

4 
26 

5 

7 
550 

3 
12 

6 

14 

287 

49 
3 

11 



100,664 

11,586 

55 

5 

823 

4 

6 

30 

196 

33 

494 

8 

44 

7 

2 

3,609 

5 

4,216 

89 

8 

6 

1,600 

131 

34 

181 

56,026 

2.476 
6 

13,275 

622 

6 

123 

50 

149 

3,308 

355 

19 

29 

3 

39 

2 

7,552 

56 

81 

74 

610 

2 

6 

2 

22 

12 

3,238 

44 

23,860 

3 

2 

2,330 

16 

1,934 

8 

4 



20 



TABLE 9. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED WHO WERE ADJUSTED TO PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUS 

BY SELECTED STATUS AT ENTRY AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 

FISCAL YEAR 1986— Continued 



Region and country 
of birth 



Total 



Visitors 
for busi- 
ness 



Visitors 
for pleas- 
ure 



Treaty 
traders 
and in- 
vestors' 



Stu- 
dents' 



Tempo- 
rary work 
ers' 



Exchange 
visitors 



Fiances- 
fees) 2 



Intracom- 
pany 

transfer- 
ees' 



Refugees 
and parol- 
ees 



Other 



Liberia 

Morocco 

Nigeria 

Sierra Leone 
South Africa - 

Tanzania 

Uganda 

Other Afnca ... 



Oceania 

Australia 

Fiji 

New Zealand ... 

Tonga 

Other Oceania 



North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Antigua-Barbuda 

Bahamas, The 

Barbados 

British Virgin Is 

Cuba 

Dominica 

Dominican Republic 

Grenada 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

St. Kitts-Nevis 

St. Lucia 

St. Vincent & Grenadines . 

Trinidad & Tobago 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

Other North America 



South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Peru 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Other South America 



Jnknown or not reported . 



377 
404 

2,413 

177 

733 

87 

142 

1,415 

1,582 
719 

87 
316 
189 

271 

58,249 

5,259 

8,325 

39,391 

143 

275 

265 

139 

30,562 

68 

2,088 
155 

1,881 

2.572 
85 
102 
101 
769 
186 

5,225 
236 
436 

1,053 
806 
846 

1.297 

551 

49 

10,877 

1,036 
375 

1,121 
761 

2,476 
965 
813 

1,849 
260 

1,136 
85 

1 



16 

4 

86 

5 
10 

3 
18 

31 

12 

1 
9 
3 
6 

702 

46 

95 

443 

1 

2 

1 

3 

24 

2 

233 

8 

59 

82 

2 

1 
22 

3 
116 

7 
14 
13 
22 
25 
16 
19 

2 

380 

25 
17 
32 
19 
107 
23 
24 
91 
13 
27 
2 



226 

246 

600 

65 

287 

47 

50 

400 

954 

343 
62 
186 
174 
189 

21,119 

2,439 

6,979 

7,491 

120 

213 

206 

109 

930 

49 

1,660 

120 

1,279 

1,883 

67 

79 

83 

565 

128 

4,179 

200 

331 

840 

690 

671 

1,068 

379 

31 

7,509 

682 
239 
703 
489 

1,752 
822 
639 

1,426 

207 

499 

51 



35 
8 
6 
4 



45 

13 



28 



110 
84 
1,671 
93 
67 
12 
54 
466 

142 

41 
15 
27 
9 
50 

1,619 

369 
266 
542 

17 

40 

21 

14 

29 

6 

43 

16 

52 

138 

8 

4 

9 

114 

31 

437 

15 

29 

83 

40 

81 

104 

85 

5 

1,393 

79 

74 
118 

76 
305 

62 

56 
135 

15 
459 

14 



3 

9 
13 

6 
150 

7 
17 
59 

139 

98 

2 

36 



1,372 

725 

125 

467 

3 

7 

22 
3 
6 
5 

57 
2 

27 

291 

3 

10 
6 

18 
7 

51 
2 
6 

19 
2 
6 
9 
7 
4 

331 

70 

5 
54 
52 
47 

6 
23 
44 

1 
28 

1 



3 

11 

5 

25 

4 

31 

39 

25 

13 

1 

162 
96 
29 
13 



23 
1 
5 

9 
1 

7 



96 
25 
2 
12 
18 
10 

2 

17 
1 
9 



8 

15 

9 

2 

20 

1 

1 

43 

96 

64 
3 

17 
3 
9 

1,127 
360 
498 
169 

2 

5 

12 
2 

42 
2 
9 

73 
2 
4 

14 

2 

98 

4 
24 
16 

5 
26 

4 
19 

2 

296 

20 

7 

65 

29 

68 

19 

20 

38 

6 

19 

5 



15 

4 

130 

11 

3 

61 

121 

103 

1 

16 



1,308 

1,019 

123 

94 



2 
18 

5 
4 

29 

2 

15 

11 

72 

2 

7 

20 

13 

4 

14 

12 



423 

75 
16 
96 
14 
98 
15 
16 
20 

5 
63 

5 



1 
10 
11 

3 
32 

2 

11 

298 

33 

12 
1 
8 

12 

30,534 

164 

184 

30,032 

2 

6 

2 

5 

29,536 

4 

10 

1 

424 

29 

3 



8 

2 

153 

1 
11 
42 
14 
20 
43 
22 

1 

154 

13 

2 

14 

24 

30 

8 

5 

30 

5 

22 

1 

1 



10 

10 

12 

3 

9 

3 

2 

36 

19 

13 
2 
4 



271 

33 

20 

136 

1 
3 
2 

7 

36 

2 

30 

39 

1 

2 
12 

1 
80 

4 

8 
18 
10 
11 
21 



250 

34 
13 
27 
40 
31 
10 
26 
46 

7 
10 

6 



Includes spouses and children. 
Includes children. 
Represents zero. 



21 



TABLE 10. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED IN FISCAL YEAR 1986, BY CALENDAR YEAR OF ENTRY, 
TYPE OF ADMISSION, AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 



Region and country 
of birth 



Total 



Jan. • Sept. 1986 



Total 



New ar- 
rivals 



Adjust- 
ments 



1985 



Total 



New 
arri- 
vals 



Adjust- 
ments 



Adjustments 



1984 



1983 



1982 



1981 



1980 



1979 



Be- 
fore 
1979 



All countries 

Europe 

Austria 

Belgium 

Czechoslovakia 

Denmark 

Finland 

France 

Germany, Fed. Rep 

Greece 

Hungary 

Ireland 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

U.S.S.R 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

Afghanistan 

Bangladesh 

Burma 

Cambodia 

China, Mainland 

Cyprus 

Hong Kong 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Iraq 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Kuwait 

Laos 

Lebanon 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Saudi Arabia 

Singapore 

Sri Lanka 

Syria 

Taiwan 

Thailand 

Turkey 

Vietnam 

Yemen (Sanaa) 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Cape Verde 

Egypt 

Ethiopia 

Ghana 

Kenya 

See footnotes at end of table. 



601,708 

62,512 

463 

620 
1,118 

554 

322 
2.518 
6.991 
2,512 
1,006 
1,839 
3,089 
1,261 

354 
8,481 
3,766 
5,198 
1,591 
1,098 

677 

2,588 

13,657 

2,011 

798 

268,248 

2,831 

1,634 

863 

13,501 

25,106 

307 

5,021 

26,227 

1,183 

16,505 

1,323 

3,790 

3,959 

3,081 

35,776 

496 

7,842 

3.994 

886 

5,994 

52,558 

275 

480 

596 

1,604 

13,424 

6,204 

1,753 

29,993 

420 

622 

17,463 

760 

2,989 

2,737 

1,164 

719 



297,710 

24,052 

167 

253 

127 

245 

125 

980 

3.495 

1,324 

170 

838 

1.495 

485 

144 

1,865 

2,436 

488 

740 

426 

276 

385 

6,147 

1,103 

338 

124,179 

104 
984 
577 
116 
15,765 
127 

2.874 

17,872 

421 

3,373 
321 

1,473 

1,858 

1,615 

23,295 

201 

146 

1,533 
351 

3,799 
32,780 
161 
220 
258 
695 

6,024 

1,705 
706 

4,130 
279 
416 

5,940 
526 

1,347 
246 
488 
360 



284,424 

20,941 

121 

189 

108 

215 

109 

741 

3.105 

1.214 

142 

684 

1,277 

382 

119 

1,690 

2,341 

448 

642 

326 

217 

331 

5,222 

1,007 

311 

119,316 
96 

956 
562 
106 
15,303 
112 

2,743 

17.463 

381 

3,004 
300 

1,263 

1,633 

1,560 

22.768 

188 

142 

1,350 
313 

3,692 
31,418 
138 
194 
237 
643 

5,734 

1,640 
642 

4,058 
271 
406 

5,355 

514 
1,231 
225 
456 
345 



13,286 

3,111 

46 

64 

19 

30 

16 

239 

390 

110 

28 

154 

218 

103 

25 

175 

95 

40 

98 

100 

59 

54 

925 

96 

27 

4,863 

8 
28 
15 
10 

462 
15 

131 

409 
40 

369 
21 

210 

225 
55 

527 

13 

4 

183 
38 

107 
1,362 
23 
26 
21 
52 

290 
65 
64 
72 
8 
10 

585 

12 
116 
21 
32 
15 



146,864 

20,080 

161 

226 

387 

204 

128 

993 

2,512 

824 

309 

613 

1,069 

494 

135 

2,225 

1,091 

1,807 

484 

398 

229 

509 

4,400 

610 

272 

66,868 
924 
289 
204 

2,247 

6,701 
97 

1,152 

6,216 
318 

3,633 
274 

1,152 

1,120 
846 

9,305 
117 
744 

1,041 
190 

1,356 

13,315 

57 

128 

150 

388 

3,207 

1,374 
483 

9,607 
114 
119 

3,896 

209 
832 
628 
201 
170 



91,686 

7,328 

46 

76 

27 

61 

37 

292 

1,172 

456 

61 

206 

461 

133 

35 

779 

852 

139 

205 

105 

65 

95 

1,588 

339 

98 

38,694 

24 

241 

175 

27 

5,373 

29 

801 

4,958 

188 

1,077 

82 

376 

477 

549 

7,977 

48 

56 

424 

69 

1,010 

10,090 

19 

53 

88 

197 

1,876 

547 

239 

1,456 

95 

73 

1,700 
189 

413 

70 

156 

110 



55,178 

12,752 

115 
150 
360 
143 
91 
701 

1,340 
368 
248 
407 
608 
361 
100 

1,446 
239 

1,668 
279 
293 
164 
414 

2,812 
271 
174 

28,174 

900 

48 

29 

2,220 

1.328 

68 

351 

1,258 

130 

2.556 

192 

776 

643 

297 

1.328 

69 

688 

617 

121 

346 

3,225 

38 

75 

62 

191 

1,331 

827 

244 

8,151 

19 

46 

2,196 

20 

419 

558 

45 

60 



53,509 

9,427 

60 

66 

353 

58 

39 

299 

548 

147 

278 

197 

251 

160 

47 

2.080 

110 

2,121 

128 

165 

92 

447 

1,543 

125 

113 

34,352 

1,208 

58 

22 

6,497 

737 

35 

284 

770 

135 

2,634 

175 

545 

425 

213 

737 

65 

2,731 

494 

128 

323 

2,012 

28 

58 

64 

154 

1,226 

1,710 

171 

10.664 

8 

41 

2,783 

12 

301 

1,177 

75 
54 



21,888 

2,860 

31 
29 
93 
26 
15 

108 

171 
79 
93 
75 

100 

55 

7 

560 
60 

300 
74 
49 
34 

202 

626 
49 
24 

13,172 

189 

65 

23 

2.432 

459 

21 

186 

420 

88 

908 

171 

250 

221 

152 

656 

39 

1,036 

416 

66 

173 

1,123 

18 

28 

55 

135 

1,141 

553 

132 

1,993 

5 

18 

1,306 

3 

152 

219 

72 

28 



13,898 

1,594 

18 
14 
41 
11 
5 
66 
93 
46 
43 
44 
64 
28 
7 

316 
20 

126 
33 
26 
16 

119 

422 
24 
12 

8,086 

87 

95 

15 

909 

395 

8 

131 

381 

80 

628 

114 

131 

123 

86 

733 

30 

656 

121 

54 

107 

729 

6 

22 

25 

71 

806 

275 

60 

1.194 

7 

7 

1,094 

4 

106 

112 

85 

23 



10,935 

1,239 

7 
14 
25 

5 

3 
27 
51 
30 
25 
33 
34 
15 

4 
462 

8 
52 
16 
12 

7 

170 

209 

15 

15 

6,232 

55 

77 

7 

771 

394 

11 

115 

269 

51 

475 

72 

96 

86 

53 

526 

21 

813 

109 

35 

96 

575 

4 

5 

15 

45 

441 

166 

54 

787 

1 

7 

866 

4 
77 
95 
58 
18 



36,214 

977 

6 

7 

18 

1 

5 

12 

30 

12 

26 

12 

17 

5 

3 

212 

13 

50 

83 

8 

7 

291 

119 

32 

8 

4,852 

78 

35 

6 

175 

346 

3 

68 

110 

35 

433 

87 

76 

38 

40 

214 

8 

1,118 

95 

23 

55 

799 

1 

12 

18 

38 

273 

142 

46 

472 

3 

5 

593 

1 

102 

71 

60 

15 



6.84311,279 



655 

4 

1 

11 

1 

12 

30 

22 

17 

8 

8 

5 

2 

137 

15 

27 

9 

11 

5 

230 

86 

13 

1 

4,193 

34 

15 

3 

145 

116 
1 
48 
71 
21 
1,987 
50 
28 
26 
32 

105 
9 

342 
80 
16 
37 

451 

2 

5 

29 

157 

99 

41 

242 

1 



295 

44 
25 
32 

11 



742 

6 
10 
13 

3 

2 
20 
55 
24 
15 
19 
48 
14 

5 

177 

13 

20 

22 

3 

11 

114 

103 

35 

10 

5,189 

44 

16 

5 

42 

179 
4 

160 

117 
29 
2,366 
58 
38 
61 
44 

198 
6 

152 

105 
22 
42 

763 

5 

6 

43 

149 

138 

60 

326 

2 

9 

627 

1 

28 

115 

93 

40 



22 



TABLE 10. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED IN FISCAL YEAR 1986, BY CALENDAR YEAR OF ENTRY, 
TYPE OF ADMISSION, AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH— Continued 



Region and country 
of birth 



Total 



Jan. - Sept. 1986 



Total 



New ar- 
rivals 



Adjust- 
ments 



1985 



Total 



New 
arri- 
vals 



Adjust- 
ments 



Adjustments 



1984 



1983 



1982 



1981 



1980 



1979 



Be- 
fore 
1979 



Un- 
kno- 
wn 



Liberia 

Morocco 

Nigeria 

Sierra Leone 
South Africa . 

Tanzania 

Uganda 

Other Afnca .. 



Oceania 

Australia 

Fiji 

New Zealand .., 

Tonga 

Other Oceania 



North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Antigua-Barbuda 

Bahamas. The 

Barbados 

British Virgin Is 

Cuba 

Dominica 

Dominican Republic 

Grenada 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

St. Kitts-Nevis 

St. Lucia 

St. Vincent & Grenadines 

Trinidad & Tobago 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

Other North America 



South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Peru 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Other South America . 



Unknown or not reported . 



618 
646 

2,976 
323 

1,566 
370 
401 

2.194 

3,894 

1,354 
972 
610 
510 
448 

207,714 

11,039 

66,533 

101,632 

812 

570 

1,595 

270 

33,114 

564 

26,175 

1,045 

12,666 

19,595 

573 

502 

635 

2,891 

625 

23,380 

1,385 

1,356 

10,929 

5,158 

4,532 

2,826 

2,194 

130 

41,874 

2,187 
1,079 
2,332 
2,243 

11,408 
4,516 

10,367 

4,895 

699 

1,854 

294 

3 



219 
246 
541 
114 
694 
230 
232 
697 

1,988 

597 
707 
263 
258 
163 

116,314 

5.151 

44,790 

48,762 

519 

266 

1,060 

111 

1,780 

407 

18,643 

675 

8,657 

13,424 

383 

330 

433 

1,725 

349 

17,538 

851 

684 

7,207 

3,289 

3,019 

1,179 

1,309 

73 

25,235 

934 

555 

1,041 

1,211 

6,953 

2,898 

7,904 

2,514 

346 

714 

165 



197 
179 
437 
108 
626 
222 
223 
592 

1,787 

483 
703 
221 
253 
127 

112,886 

4,320 

43,475 

47,837 

506 

228 

1,029 

98 

1,759 

402 

18.422 

662 

8,489 

13,149 

375 

325 

426 

1,636 

331 

17,189 

839 

650 

7,143 

3,230 

2,951 

1,116 

1,260 

65 

24,137 

819 

528 

906 

1,137 

6,716 

2,805 

7,802 

2,362 

321 

582 

159 



22 

67 

104 

6 

68 

8 

9 

105 

201 

114 
4 

42 
5 

36 

3,428 

831 

1,315 

925 

13 

38 

31 

13 

21 

5 

221 

13 

168 

275 

8 

5 

7 

89 

18 

349 

12 

34 

64 

59 

68 

63 

49 

8 

1,098 

115 

27 
135 

74 
237 

93 
102 
152 

25 

132 

6 



95 
198 
344 

65 
448 

78 

60 
568 

1,101 

468 
224 
213 
83 
113 

45,187 

3,825 

17,347 

17,028 

195 

170 

362 

66 

1,052 
111 

6.357 
252 

2,574 

4,617 
147 
96 
121 
720 
188 

6,951 
345 
355 

2,931 

1,293 

928 

531 

568 

36 

9,732 

620 

242 

688 

532 

2,881 

968 

1,925 

1,073 

181 

541 

81 



44 
63 

126 
38 

207 
61 
36 

187 

525 

152 

182 

73 

68 

50 

36,579 

1,460 

14,733 

14,404 

163 

67 

301 

33 

793 

94 

5,665 

228 

2,296 

3,874 

113 

75 

108 

486 

108 

5,966 

310 

270 

2,733 

1,122 

735 

413 

383 

16 

6,860 

332 
176 
305 
345 

2,216 
746 

1,752 

684 

118 

136 

50 



51 

135 

218 
27 

241 
17 
24 

381 

576 

316 

42 

140 

15 

63 

8,608 

2,365 

2,614 

2,624 

32 

103 

61 

33 

259 

17 

692 

24 

278 

743 

34 

21 

13 

234 

80 

985 

35 

85 

198 

171 

193 

118 

185 

20 

2,872 

288 

66 

383 

187 

665 

222 

173 

389 

63 

405 

31 



48 
109 
370 

28 
203 

13 

34 
359 

276 

149 
14 
64 
20 
29 

4,624 

1,017 

913 

1,865 

24 

38 

43 

21 

360 

6 

536 

18 

190 

420 

11 

21 

13 

139 

25 

819 

36 

82 

138 

125 

186 

168 

84 

10 

2,047 

168 

50 

274 

108 

527 

143 

189 

302 

39 

235 

12 



45 
44 

433 

23 

86 

21 

7 

173 

116 

47 
8 
23 
16 
22 

2,940 

500 

608 

1,275 

20 

16 

43 

12 

338 

8 

250 

23 

180 

266 

5 

13 

10 

72 

19 

551 

11 

49 

77 

110 

146 

102 

56 

6 

1,494 

115 

64 
156 

84 
309 
119 
135 
341 

28 
126 

17 



53 

18 
469 
20 
48 
10 
14 
132 

128 

42 

4 

9 

37 

36 

1,981 

159 

393 

991 

12 

15 

29 

15 

238 

14 

115 

19 

218 

221 

3 

7 

16 

58 

11 

437 

12 

51 

52 

87 

70 

120 

45 

1 

1,015 
93 
52 
68 

73 

200 

97 

64 

240 

32 

90 

6 



46 

12 

376 

12 

32 

10 

13 

113 

74 

18 
5 
14 
15 
22 

1,775 

94 
293 
839 

4 

14 

10 

9 

144 

4 

73 

16 

288 

180 

5 

8 

11 

65 

8 

548 

24 

45 

177 

73 

54 

138 

37 

1 

749 

90 
36 

45 
48 

188 
81 
40 

146 

18 

54 

3 



41 

11 

201 

12 

14 

5 

7 

53 

47 

8 

3 

6 

15 

15 

29,202 

56 

336 

28.325 

3 

16 

10 

10 

27,687 

8 

26 

8 

350 

144 

4 

8 

9 

32 

10 

484 

13 

24 

169 

60 

47 

137 

34 

1 

542 

59 
18 
26 
59 
118 
69 
30 
83 
18 
59 
3 



22 

4 

87 

9 

9 

9 
43 

75 

8 

3 

5 

47 

12 

1,339 
38 

307 
507 

7 

3 

8 

3 

205 

3 

36 

11 

76 

103 

4 

7 

8 

27 

6 

486 

17 

16 

81 

37 

22 

294 

19 

1 

286 

43 
21 
12 
28 
67 
32 
21 
43 

6 
11 

2 



49 

4 

155 

40 

31 

3 
25 
43 

89 

17 
4 
13 
19 
36 

3,864 
198 

1,530 
1,576 
27 
32 
30 
23 

854 
2 

136 
23 

132 

219 
10 
12 
14 
53 
9 

559 
75 
49 
95 
84 
58 

156 

42 

1 

768 

64 

41 

22 

100 

164 

108 

59 

151 

31 

23 

5 



13 



488 

1 

16 

464 

1 



456 
1 
3 



- Represents zero. 

NOTE: The year of entry for new arrivals is the year entering as an immigrant. The year of entry for adjustments is the latest year of entry as a 
nonimmigrant or the latest year of entry in another temporary status. 



23 



TABLE 11. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY AGE AND SEX 
FISCAL YEARS 1976-86 



Age and sex 



1976 and 
TQ 



1977 



1978 



1979 



1980 



1981 



1982 



1983 



1984 



1985 



1986 



Total 

Under 5 years 

5- 9 years 

10-14 years 

15-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over .... 

Males 

Under 5 years 

5- 9 years 

10-14 years 

15-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over .... 

Females 

Under 5 years 

5- 9 years 

10-14 years 

15-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over .... 

Unknown sex 

Percent distribution 

Males 

Females 

Unknown 

Median age 

Males 

Females 



502,289 

37,530 

39,849 

43,427 

48,436 

66,908 

82,237 

50,271 

32,550 

22,285 

18,209 

15,751 

13,122 

12,244 

9,350 

5,772 

2,566 

1,782 

233,146 

18,313 

20,114 

22.212 

22,848 

26,016 

39,315 

25,270 

15,931 

10,670 

8,362 

6,628 

5,059 

4,689 

3,772 

2,271 

997 

679 

269,143 

19,217 

19,735 

21,215 

25.588 

40.892 

42,922 

25,001 

16,619 

11,615 

9,847 

9,123 

8,063 

7,555 

5,578 

3,501 

1,569 

1,103 



100.0 

46.4 
53.6 



25.9 

25.9 
25.9 



462,315 

28,619 
32,040 
38,660 
45,263 
57,637 
69,399 
47,457 
31,899 
23,764 
19,684 
16,815 
14,102 
12,814 
10,901 
6,974 
3,624 
2,663 

216,424 

13,996 

16,398 

19,653 

21,968 

23,868 

33,540 

23,620 

1 5,400 

11,281 

9,144 

7,324 

5,691 

4,896 

4,348 

2,817 

1,449 

1,031 

245,891 

14,623 

15,642 

19,007 

23,295 

33,769 

35,859 

23,837 

16,499 

12,483 

10,540 

9,491 

8,411 

7,918 

6,553 

4,157 

2,175 

1,632 



100.0 

46.8 
53.2 



27.1 

26.8 
27.3 



601,442 

35,286 

51,840 

54,506 

59,928 

76,252 

94.940 

66,607 

42,337 

29,944 

22,775 

18,410 

15,252 

12,335 

9,959 

5,809 

3,061 

2,201 

286,374 

17,460 

26,621 

27,813 

29,581 

32,653 

45,607 

33,113 

20,942 

14,661 

10,820 

7,833 

6,265 

4,872 

3,942 

2,294 

1,157 

740 

315,068 

17,826 

25.219 

26,693 

30,347 

43,599 

49,333 

33,494 

21,395 

15,283 

1 1 ,955 

10,577 

8,987 

7,463 

6,017 

3,515 

1,904 

1,461 



100.0 
47.6 

52.4 



26.2 

26.0 
26.4 



460,348 

28,276 

35,464 

38,786 

46,811 

63,070 

70,457 

51,190 

31,331 

22.441 

17,074 

14,285 

12,919 

10,532 

8,656 

5,055 

2,569 

1,432 

219,536 

14.106 

18,052 

19,698 

22,611 

27.881 

34,804 

25,798 

15,209 

10,490 

8,037 

5,974 

5,270 

4,219 

3.632 

2,122 

1,115 

518 

240,812 

14,170 

17,412 

19,088 

24,200 

35,189 

35,653 

25,392 

16,122 

11,951 

9.037 

8,311 

7,649 

6,313 

5,024 

2,933 

1,454 

914 



100.0 

47.7 
52.3 



26.3 

26.1 
26.5 



530,639 

32.946 

40,555 

44,140 

53,429 

72,321 

83,475 

60,998 

35,817 

25,466 

18,633 

16,015 

14,430 

1 1 ,849 

9,999 

5,831 

3,021 

1,714 

NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

530,639 

NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 

26.3 

NA 
NA 



596,600 

35,791 
46,842 
54,969 
63,071 
79,015 
89,215 
68,395 
42,478 
29,345 
20,711 
17,385 
15,490 
12,764 
10,248 
6,094 
3,086 
1,701 

NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

596,600 

NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 

26.0 

NA 
NA 



594,131 

35,326 
47,461 
52,776 
61,391 
84,430 
91.590 
65,641 
40,275 
27,789 
20,390 
16,937 
15,296 
12,719 
10,388 
6,459 
3,226 
2,037 

287,874 

17,034 

24,133 

27,206 

30,905 

40,450 

45,958 

32,827 

19,637 

13,497 

9,425 

7,192 

5,906 

4,974 

4,187 

2,610 

1,209 

724 

284,576 

17,156 

22,208 

24,173 

28,762 

40,732 

41,683 

29,966 

18,934 

13,157 

10,194 

9,128 

8,792 

7.290 

5,794 

3,603 

1,866 

1,138 

21,681 

100.0 
48.5 

47.9 
3.6 

25.8 

25.5 
26.1 



559,763 

33,855 

40,632 

46,794 

55,405 

81,434 

91,438 

64,361 

40,145 

26,355 

19,167 

15,844 

14,383 

12.070 

8,404 

5,249 

2.595 

1,632 

271,966 

15,874 

20,482 

23,761 

27,530 

39,433 

46,772 

32,470 

19,845 

12,652 

8.816 

6,604 

5,494 

4,835 

3.523 

2,214 

1,038 

623 

264,975 

16,807 

18,911 

21,697 

25,939 

38,046 

40,264 

28,938 

18,655 

12,628 

9,593 

8,626 

8,299 

6,745 

4,599 

2,825 

1,457 

946 

22,822 

100.0 
48.6 

47.3 
4.1 

26.2 

26.0 
26.4 



543,903 

32,396 

37,540 

44,957 

53,655 

76,546 

87,463 

63,224 

40,501 

25,990 

19,893 

16,364 

14,787 

12,456 

8,624 

5,406 

2,650 

1,451 

274,896 

15,752 

19,336 

23,423 

27,582 

39,018 

46,918 

33,600 

20,695 

12,920 

9,571 

7,181 

5,903 

5,257 

3,692 

2,316 

1,126 

606 

269,007 

16,644 

18,204 

21,534 

26,073 

37,528 

40,545 

29,624 

19,806 

13,070 

10,322 

9,183 

8,884 

7,199 

4,932 

3,090 

1,524 

845 



100.0 

50.5 
49.5 



26.5 

26.3 
26.8 



570,009 

32,867 

37,717 

44,890 

53,769 

80.677 

94,284 

67,177 

43,339 

27.397 

20,647 

17,116 

15,826 

13,801 

9,503 

6,069 

3,083 

1,847 

286,141 

16,005 

19,387 

23,445 

27,286 

39,843 

49,941 

35,779 

22,320 

13,973 

9,957 

7,323 

6,442 

5,696 

4,159 

2,607 

1,290 

688 

283,868 

16,862 

18,330 

21,445 

26,483 

40,834 

44,343 

31,398 

21,019 

13,424 

10,690 

9,793 

9,384 

8,105 

5,344 

3,462 

1,793 

1,159 



100.0 

50.2 
48.8 



26.9 

26.7 
27.0 



601,708 

33,767 
39,720 
47,152 
56,283 
79,640 
95,318 
72.449 
47,574 
30,039 
22,469 
19,161 
18,028 
15,905 
11,226 
7,012 
3.689 
2,276 

300,777 

16,629 

20,460 

24,248 

28,782 

38,563 

49,998 

38.411 

24,810 

1 5,369 

10,851 

8,399 

7,329 

6,627 

4,800 

3,003 

1,549 

949 

300,931 

17,138 

19,260 

22,904 

27,501 

41,077 

45,320 

34,038 

22.764 

14,670 

11,618 

10,762 

10,699 

9.278 

6,426 

4,009 

2,140 

1.327 



100.0 

50.0 
50.0 



27.4 
27.2 
276 



- Represents zero. NA Not available. 
NOTE: See Glossary for fiscal year definitions. 



24 



TABLE 12. 



IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH, AGE, AND SEX 
FISCAL YEAR 1986 



Age and sex 



Total 

Under 5 years 

5- 9 years 

10-14 years 

15-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over . 



Males 

Under 5 years 

5- 9 years 

10-14 years 

15-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over . 



Females 

Under 5 years 

5- 9 years 

10-14 years 

15-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over . 



Percent distribution . 

Males 

Females 



Median age . 

Males 

Females 



All 

countries 



601,708 

33,767 
39,720 
47,152 
56.283 
79,640 
95,318 
72.449 
47,574 
30.039 
22.469 
19,161 
18,028 
15,905 
11,226 
7,012 
3,689 
2,276 

300,777 

16,629 

20,460 

24.248 

28,782 

38,563 

49.998 

38,411 

24,810 

15,369 

10,851 

8,399 

7,329 

6,627 

4.800 

3.003 

1,549 

949 

300,931 

17,138 

19,260 

22,904 

27,501 

41,077 

45,320 

34,038 

22,764 

14,670 

11,618 

10,762 

10,699 

9,278 

6,426 

4,009 

2,140 

1,327 

100.0 

50.0 
50.0 

27.4 

27.2 

27.6 



Cambodia 



13,501 

291 

1,379 

1.697 

2.178 

1,607 

1,503 

1,269 

891 

746 

566 

466 

286 

254 

198 

91 

39 

40 

6,560 
154 

712 

905 

1,137 

791 

679 

573 

393 

338 

251 

223 

127 

113 

91 

42 

15 

16 

6,941 

137 

667 

792 

1,041 

816 

824 

696 

498 

408 

315 

243 

159 

141 

107 

49 

24 

24 

100.0 

48.6 
51.4 

23.6 

22.5 
25.0 



Canada 



11,039 

824 

923 

702 

762 

1,497 

1.976 

1.498 

1,064 

647 

380 

273 

212 

117 

82 

45 

23 

14 

5,314 

411 

458 

380 

349 

564 

941 

743 

563 

327 

200 

134 

118 

58 

34 

15 

13 

6 

5,725 
413 

465 

322 

413 

933 

1.035 

755 

501 

320 

180 

139 

94 

59 

48 

30 

10 

8 

100.0 
48.1 
51.9 

27.1 

27.7 
26.6 



China, 
Mainland 



25,106 

325 

926 

1,564 

1,803 

2,043 

2,423 

2,019 

2.368 

1.819 

1,597 

1,773 

1,821 

1.959 

1,476 

716 

315 

159 

11,812 

171 
498 
780 
967 
691 

1.046 
960 

1.134 
890 
807 
841 
761 
891 
756 
389 
157 
73 

13,294 
154 
428 
784 

836 

1,352 

1,377 

1,059 

1,234 

929 

790 

932 

1,060 

1,068 

720 

327 

158 

86 

100.0 

47.0 
53.0 

38.5 

38.9 
38.1 



Colombia 



11,408 

798 

787 

766 

838 

1,615 

2,053 

1,538 

893 

572 

425 

290 

272 

199 

173 

118 

42 

29 

5,226 

405 

403 

425 

401 

773 

992 

669 

371 

234 

166 

117 

96 

56 

43 

44 

15 

16 

6,182 
393 
384 
341 
437 
842 

1.061 

869 

522 

338 

259 

173 

176 

143 

130 

74 

27 

13 

100.0 

45.8 
54.2 

27.2 

26.1 
28.3 



Cuba 



33,114 

37 
1,945 
3,273 
2,316 
2,272 
2.458 
3,237 
3,601 
3,248 
2,545 
1,813 
1,673 
1,355 
1,204 
1,003 
693 
441 

18,474 

19 

1,025 

1,701 

1,262 

1,049 

1,373 

2,041 

2,330 

2,064 

1,540 

1,047 

923 

676 

552 

419 

277 

176 

14,640 

18 

920 

1,572 

1.054 

1,223 

1,085 

1.196 

1,271 

1,184 

1,005 

766 

750 

679 

652 

584 

416 

265 

100.0 

55.8 
44.2 

36.7 

37.0 
36.2 



Dominican 
Republic 



26,175 

1,402 

1,992 

2,502 

4,052 

4.500 

3.801 

2,724 

1,748 

1,050 

771 

609 

464 

273 

162 

82 

31 

12 

12,720 

717 

1,004 

1.250 

1,936 

2,067 

1,973 

1,410 

868 

476 

339 

269 

192 

108 

56 

33 

18 

4 

13,455 

685 

988 

1,252 

2,116 

2,433 

1,828 

1,314 

880 

574 

432 

340 

272 

165 

106 

49 

13 

8 

100.0 

48.6 
51.4 

23.4 

23.5 
23.3 



El Sal- 
vador 



10,929 

313 

897 

1,201 

1,117 

1,420 

1,912 

1,392 

843 

465 

346 

290 

250 

218 

129 

82 

35 

19 

5,139 

158 

436 

609 

534 

752 

949 

682 

361 

189 

155 

83 

82 

72 

36 

18 

13 

10 

5,790 

155 

461 

592 

583 

668 

963 

710 

482 

276 

191 

207 

168 

146 

93 

64 

22 

9 

100.0 
47.0 
53.0 

26.4 

25.4 
27.3 



Germany, 
Fed. Rep. 



6,991 
476 
367 
228 

630 

1,947 

1,302 

674 

461 

328 

228 

92 

71 

48 

29 

42 

27 

41 

1,866 

245 
192 
108 

101 

158 

247 

220 

192 

148 

114 

44 

31 

27 

9 

11 

7 

12 

5,125 
231 

175 

120 

529 

1,789 

1,055 

454 

269 

180 

114 

48 

40 

21 

20 

31 

20 

29 

100.0 

26.7 
73.3 

24.8 

27.6 
24.1 



Guatemala 



5,158 

381 

338 

432 

550 

691 

824 

607 

402 

220 

146 

158 

142 

125 

78 

43 

15 

6 

2,461 

188 

173 

219 

272 

367 

453 

267 

188 

90 

54 

59 

50 

32 

31 

13 

3 

2 

2,697 

193 

165 

213 

278 

324 

371 

340 

214 

130 

92 

99 

92 

93 

47 

30 

12 

4 

100.0 

47.7 
52.3 

26.3 

25.2 
27.5 



25 



TABLE 12. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH, AGE, AND SEX 

FISCAL YEAR 1986— Continued 



Age and sex 



Guyana 



Haiti 



Honduras 



India 



Iran 



Jamaica 



Korea 



Laos 



Lebanon 



Total 

Under 5 years 

5- 9 years 

10-14 years 

15-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over . 

Males 

Under 5 years 

5- 9 years 

10-14 years 

15-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over . 

Females 

Under 5 years 

5- 9 years 

10-14 years 

15-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over . 

Percent distribution 

Males 

Females 

Median age 

Males 

Females 



10,367 
473 

1,041 

1,228 

1,304 

1,164 

1,319 

1,105 

756 

522 

343 

310 

289 

260 

125 

71 

27 

30 

4,923 
232 
530 

604 

660 

499 

630 

514 

364 

252 

159 

132 

133 

108 

52 

35 

7 

12 

5,444 

241 

511 

624 

644 

665 

689 

591 

392 

270 

184 

178 

156 

152 

73 

36 

20 

18 

100.0 
47.5 
52.5 

24.9 
24.6 
253 



12,666 

346 

1,029 

1,198 

1,268 

1,440 

2.335 

2,097 

1,179 

605 

359 

277 

209 

144 

85 

56 

21 

18 

6,699 

170 

508 

569 

642 

711 

1,343 

1,254 

685 

335 

166 

120 

79 

60 

27 

18 

3 

9 

5,967 

176 

521 

629 

626 

729 

992 

843 

494 

270 

193 

157 

130 

84 

58 

38 

18 

9 

100.0 

52.9 
47.1 

27.0 

27.5 
26.4 



4,532 

309 

403 

479 

523 

636 

735 

510 

323 

175 

121 

107 

76 

62 

39 

15 

10 

9 

1,972 

157 

195 

243 

255 

261 

332 

218 

131 

69 

38 

32 

12 

16 

6 

6 

1 



2,560 
152 

208 

236 

268 

375 

403 

292 

192 

106 

83 

75 

64 

46 

33 

9 

9 

9 

100.0 

43.5 
56.5 

24.5 
22.8 
25.7 



26,227 

1,707 

1.290 

1.355 

1,717 

3,482 

4,398 

2.911 

1,945 

1.143 

1.094 

1.264 

1,307 

1,186 

774 

426 

166 

62 

13,248 

805 

693 

677 

848 

1.380 

2,539 

1,717 

1,133 

631 

513 

489 

495 

561 

372 

247 

108 

40 

12,979 

902 

597 

678 

869 

2,102 

1,859 

1,194 

812 

512 

581 

775 

812 

625 

402 

179 

58 

22 

100.0 

50.5 
49.5 

29.4 

29.5 
29.1 



16,505 

362 

689 

746 

934 

2,321 

3,176 

2,310 

1,426 

866 

730 

702 

709 

634 

411 

253 

116 

120 

9,446 
185 
370 
422 

538 

1,479 

2,011 

1,456 

787 

453 

323 

312 

318 

330 

199 

117 

61 

85 

7,059 

177 
319 
324 
396 
842 
1,165 
854 
639 
413 
407 
390 
391 
304 
212 
136 
55 
35 

100.0 

57.2 
42.8 

30.3 

29.5 
31.8 



19,595 

940 

1,812 

2.348 

2,644 

2.165 

2.641 

2,118 

1,594 

1,068 

703 

509 

376 

260 

189 

119 

53 

56 

9,289 
470 

923 

1,107 

1,286 

988 

1,277 

1.010 

775 

506 

326 

251 

162 

86 

61 

32 

16 

13 

10,306 

470 

889 

1,241 

1,358 

1,177 

1,364 

1,108 

819 

562 

377 

258 

214 

174 

128 

87 

37 

43 

100.0 

47.4 
52.6 

24.7 

24.4 
25.0 



35,776 

6,959 

2,254 

2,319 

2,423 

3,604 

5,051 

3,014 

1,914 

1.487 

1,248 

1,210 

1,289 

1,266 

933 

502 

220 

83 

15,242 

2,993 

1,115 

1,192 

1,214 

1,093 

2,014 

1,399 

908 

713 

625 

421 

402 

450 

394 

181 

95 

33 

20,534 

3,966 

1,139 

1,127 

1,209 

2,511 

3,037 

1,615 

1,006 

774 

623 

789 

887 

816 

539 

321 

125 

50 

100.0 
42.6 
57.4 

25.4 

24.9 
25.8 



7,842 

111 

936 

1,088 

1,115 

1,169 

944 

696 

432 

340 

266 

213 

140 

104 

147 

72 

38 

31 

4,168 

50 

480 

579 

599 

665 

504 

410 

242 

166 

136 

114 

69 

46 

49 

35 

15 

9 

3,674 

61 

456 

509 

516 

504 

440 

286 

190 

174 

130 

99 

71 

58 

98 

37 

23 

22 

100.0 

53.1 
46.9 

22.8 
22.7 
22.9 



3,994 

125 

161 

203 

404 

863 

791 

391 

203 

138 

148 

147 

169 

120 

42 

46 

26 

17 

2,495 

63 

84 

111 

219 

642 

593 

277 

116 

69 

64 

56 

62 

63 

20 

29 

17 

10 

1,499 

62 

77 

92 

185 

221 

198 

114 

87 

69 

84 

91 

107 

57 

22 

17 

9 

7 

100.0 

62.5 
37.5 

27.1 

26.7 
28.2 



26 



TABLE 12. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH, AGE, AND SEX 

FISCAL YEAR 1986— Continued 



Age and sex 



Pakistan 



Peru Philippines 



Poland 



Romania 



Taiwan 



Thailand 



United 
Kingdom 



Vietnam 



Other 



Total 

Under 5 years 

5- 9 years 

10-14 years 

15-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over . 

Males 

Under 5 years 

5- 9 years 

10-14 years 

15-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over . 

Females 

Under 5 years 

5- 9 years 

10-14 years 

15-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over . 

Percent distribution 

Males 

Females 

Median age 

Males 

Females 



5,994 
499 
341 
267 

417 

846 

1,155 

780 

384 

254 

231 

241 

199 

180 

117 

53 

19 

11 

3,357 

247 

188 

145 

216 

460 

706 

515 

248 

146 

98 

103 

89 

86 

58 

34 

12 

6 

2,637 
252 

153 

122 

201 

386 

449 

265 

136 

108 

133 

138 

110 

94 

59 

19 

7 

5 

100.0 

56.0 
44.0 

27.8 
28.1 

27.4 



4,895 

191 
232 
312 
373 
588 
882 
679 
468 
285 
173 
137 
166 
162 
114 
77 
33 
23 

2,252 

96 

115 

167 

182 

249 

409 

328 

245 

124 

63 

60 

55 

58 

49 

34 

13 

5 

2,643 

95 

117 

145 

191 

339 

473 

351 

223 

161 

110 

77 

111 

104 

65 

43 

20 

18 

100.0 

46.0 
54.0 

29.3 

28.8 
29.8 



52,558 
2,840 
3,371 
4,081 
5,331 
5,505 
6.540 
5,861 
3,687 
2,106 
1,904 
2,072 
2.589 
2,679 
1,976 
1,228 
567 
221 

21,522 

1,474 

1,705 

2,023 

2.582 

1,837 

2.133 

2,215 

1,527 

855 

755 

744 

938 

1,040 

808 

529 

248 

109 

31,036 

1,366 
1,666 
2,058 
2,749 
3,668 
4.407 
3.646 
2,160 
1,251 
1,149 
1,328 
1,651 
1,639 
1.168 
699 
319 
112 

100.0 

40.9 
59.1 

28.8 

27.5 
29.5 



8,481 
187 

603 

539 

396 

657 

1.456 

1,650 

1,213 

545 

369 

288 

239 

165 

59 

52 

36 

27 

4,350 

91 

273 

287 

207 

297 

758 

904 

698 

302 

189 

131 

87 

64 

24 

16 

13 

9 

4,131 

96 

330 

252 

189 

360 

698 

746 

515 

243 

180 

157 

152 

101 

35 

36 

23 

18 

100.0 
51.3 

48.7 

31.0 
31.3 

30.6 



5,198 

220 

516 

438 

389 

300 

578 

731 

587 

376 

289 

204 

185 

157 

85 

85 

33 

25 

2,666 

100 
269 
219 

221 

157 

298 

389 

302 

197 

143 

112 

84 

66 

41 

42 

16 

10 

2,532 
120 

247 

219 

168 

143 

280 

342 

285 

179 

146 

92 

101 

91 

44 

43 

17 

15 

100.0 
51.3 
48.7 

30.8 

30.5 
31.1 



13,424 

611 

1,079 

1.090 

801 

1,006 

2,833 

2,890 

1,143 

450 

340 

247 

287 

293 

178 

106 

50 

20 

6,282 

318 

598 

624 

333 

434 

1,172 

1.404 

565 

234 

151 

96 

81 

109 

77 

53 

25 

8 

7,142 

293 

481 

466 

468 

572 

1,661 

1.486 

578 

216 

189 

151 

206 

184 

101 

53 

25 

12 

100.0 

46.8 
53.2 

28.4 
27.9 
28.7 



6,204 

2,141 

1,301 

203 

238 

325 

532 

530 

368 

174 

80 

55 

66 

90 

58 

30 

8 

5 

2,885 

1,135 

648 

107 

123 

117 

217 

202 

160 

67 

31 

12 

11 

20 

16 

13 

4 

2 

3,319 

1.006 

653 

96 

115 

208 

315 

328 

208 

107 

49 

43 

55 

70 

42 

17 

4 

3 

100.0 

46.5 
53.5 

7.2 

5.9 
10.6 



13,657 

687 

995 

882 

1,116 

1,894 

2,329 

1,832 

1,462 

956 

530 

335 

218 

141 

89 

76 

53 

62 

6,736 

355 

520 

463 

520 

643 

1,052 

1.000 

813 

572 

302 

192 

128 

75 

42 

23 

18 

18 

6,921 

332 

475 

419 

596 

1.251 

1,277 

832 

649 

384 

228 

143 

90 

66 

47 

53 

35 

44 

100.0 

49.3 
50.7 

27.8 

29.0 
26.8 



29,993 

681 

2.368 

3,825 

5,220 

4,563 

3,422 

3,036 

2,013 

1,327 

1,003 

664 

544 

471 

346 

270 

145 

95 

16,951 

324 

1,313 

2,169 

3.322 

2,919 

1,860 

1,578 

1,087 

727 

534 

334 

256 

187 

140 

103 

60 

38 

13,042 

357 

1,055 

1,656 

1.898 

1.644 

1,562 

1.458 

926 

600 

469 

330 

288 

284 

206 

167 

85 

57 

100.0 

56.5 
43.5 

23.1 

22.3 
24.7 



113,846 

6.068 

6,843 

7,168 

8.986 

16.832 

21,914 

15,617 

9,512 

5,464 

3,943 

3,084 

2,694 

2,130 

1,440 

991 

673 

487 

58,837 

3,145 

3.536 

3,596 

4,476 

8,344 

12,400 

8.868 

5,051 

2,818 

1.928 

1,401 

1,124 

828 

552 

360 

227 

183 

55,009 

2,923 

3,307 

3,572 

4,510 

8,488 

9,514 

6.749 

4,461 

2,646 

2,015 

1.683 

1,570 

1.302 

888 

631 

446 

304 

100.0 

51.7 
48.3 

27.7 

27.6 
27.7 



- Represents zero. 



27 



TABLE 13. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY MARITAL STATUS, AGE, AND SEX 

FISCAL YEAR 1986 



Age and sex 



Total 



Single 



Married 



Widowed 



Divorced 



Separated 



Unknown 



Total 

Under 5 years 

5- 9 years 

10-14 years 

15-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over . 

Males 

Under 5 years 

5- 9 years 

10-14 years 

15-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over . 

Females , 

Under 5 years 

5- 9 years 

10-14 years 

15-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over 

Percent distribution 

Males 

Females 

Median age 

Males 

Females 



601,708 

33,767 
39.720 
47,152 
56,283 
79,640 
95,318 
72.449 
47,574 
30,039 
22,469 
19,161 
18,028 
15.905 
1 1 ,226 
7,012 
3,689 
2,276 

300,777 

16,629 

20,460 

24,248 

28,782 

38,563 

49,998 

38,411 

24,810 

15,369 

10,851 

8,399 

7,329 

6,627 

4.800 

3,003 

1,549 

949 

300,931 

17,138 

19,260 

22,904 

27,501 

41,077 

45.320 

34,038 

22,764 

14,670 

11,618 

10,762 

10,699 

9,278 

6,426 

4.009 

2,140 

1,327 

100.0 

500 
50.0 

27.4 

27.2 
27.6 



255,651 

33,767 

39,720 

47,107 

51,089 

33,312 

23,285 

12,387 

5,665 

2,753 

1,816 

1,240 

1,148 

858 

653 

442 

235 

174 

137,661 

16,629 

20.460 

24,230 

27,606 

19,574 

14,676 

7,632 

3,238 

1,436 

800 

456 

329 

233 

160 

94 

57 

51 

117,990 

17,138 

19,260 

22,877 

23,483 

13,738 

8,609 

4,755 

2,427 

1,317 

1,016 

784 

819 

625 

493 

348 

178 

123 

100.0 

53.8 
46.2 

15.7 

16.5 
14.9 



321,127 



5,098 

45,976 

71,028 

58,262 

40,068 

25,711 

19,053 

15,984 

14,107 

11,707 

7,443 

3,994 

1,778 

918 

157,320 



1,126 

18,888 

34,991 

30,044 

20,767 

13,313 

9,558 

7,572 

6,611 

5,952 

4,217 

2,486 

1,159 

636 

163,807 



3,972 

27,088 

36,037 

28,218 

19.301 

12,398 

9,495 

8,412 

7,496 

5,755 

3,226 

1,508 

619 

282 

100.0 

49.0 
51.0 

33.8 

34.8 
32.6 



15,786 



51 

96 

185 

249 

335 

388 

576 

1,120 

2,034 

2,843 

2,781 

2,402 

1,595 

1,131 

2,154 



28 

34 

53 

49 

74 

59 

93 

94 

161 

296 

309 

357 

299 

248 

13,632 



23 

62 

132 

200 

261 

329 

483 

1,026 

1,873 

2,547 

2,472 

2,045 

1,296 

883 

100.0 
13.6 
86.4 

66.2 

69.2 
65.7 



8,459 



43 

237 

776 

1,472 

1.426 

1,123 

945 

744 

658 

437 

317 

159 

74 

48 

3,408 



21 

63 

262 

650 

694 

531 

377 

254 

210 

137 

104 

63 

30 

12 

5,051 



22 

174 

514 

822 

732 

592 

568 

490 

448 

300 

213 

96 

44 

36 

100.0 

40.3 
59.7 

42.3 
41.6 

43.0 



628 



1 
16 
43 
78 
79 
63 
79 
72 
79 
60 
32 
14 
7 
5 

210 



3 

15 

35 

37 

30 

23 

23 

17 

9 

10 

2 

4 

2 

418 



1 
13 
28 
43 
42 
33 
56 
49 
62 
51 
22 
12 
3 
3 

100.0 

33.4 
66.6 

47.3 

44.0 
49.4 



57 



45 
1 
3 
1 

1 
1 
1 

1 
2 



24 



18 
1 

1 
1 
1 



33 

27 
2 



100.0 
42.1 
57.9 

13.3 

13.3 
13.3 



Represents zero. 



28 



TABLE 14. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED AS ORPHANS BY SEX, AGE, AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 

FISCAL YEAR 1986 



Region and country 
of birth 



Total 



Sex 



Males 



Females 



Age 



Under 1 year 



1-4 years 



5-9 years 



Over 9 years 



All countries . 



Europe 

Greece 

Poland 

Portugal 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 



Asia 

China, Mainland . 

Hong Kong 

India 

Japan 

Korea 

Lebanon 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Taiwan 

Thailand 

Turkey 

Other Asia 



Africa 



Oceania 



North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Dominican Republic 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua , 

Panama 

Other North America .. 



South America 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Peru 

Other South America . 



9,945 

103 

16 
32 
19 
10 
26 

7,679 

10 

40 

588 

46 

6,188 

19 

12 

634 

90 

27 

11 

14 

22 

21 

885 

13 
143 
102 

31 

19 

38 

14 

626 

5 

72 

147 

228 

135 

14 

25 

1 

1,235 

25 

193 

317 

550 

25 

11 

71 

39 



4,344 

42 

6 

14 

7 

3 

12 

3,201 
2 

17 

224 

28 

2,529 

9 

4 

321 

45 

13 

2 

7 

13 



433 

7 
79 
35 
15 

9 
11 

311 

2 

39 

72 

118 

64 

5 
11 

1 

648 

8 

116 

165 

286 

11 

6 

30 

24 



5,601 

61 

10 
18 
12 
7 
14 

4,478 

8 

23 

364 

18 

3,659 

10 

8 

313 

45 

14 

9 

7 

9 

14 

452 

6 
64 
67 

16 
10 
27 
14 

315 

3 

33 

75 

110 

71 

9 

14 



587 

17 

77 

152 

264 

14 

5 

41 

15 



6,364 

36 

7 
15 
6 
3 
5 

5,078 

6 

415 

30 

4,429 

17 

6 

112 

57 

3 
3 



419 

4 
76 
21 

17 
1 
2 
1 
318 
5 

30 

57 
129 

92 
2 
3 



822 

7 

113 

250 

361 

13 

44 
32 



2,111 

33 

8 
10 
4 
6 
5 

1,596 

3 

21 

108 

14 

1,160 

1 

234 

24 

18 

7 

6 



8 

251 

2 

31 

30 

9 

9 

6 

6 

187 

17 
58 
63 
30 

8 
11 

1 

216 

11 

33 

45 

93 

6 

2 

21 

5 



933 

23 

1 

6 
6 
1 
9 

658 

1 
12 
41 

2 
502 

1 

87 
4 
4 
1 
3 



112 

2 

15 

18 

3 

6 

7 

2 

77 

20 
17 
23 
10 
1 
6 



133 

7 

34 

14 

65 

3 

2 

4 

2 



537 



11 



347 

7 
24 

97 
2 
4 
201 
5 
5 

2 

7 

5 

103 

5 
21 
33 

2 

3 
23 

5 
44 

5 
15 
13 
3 
3 
5 



64 

13 
8 

31 
3 
7 
2 



Represents zero. 



29 



TABLE 15. IMMIGRANT NEW ARRIVALS ADMITTED BY SELECTED PORT OF ENTRY 

AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 

FISCAL YEAR 1986 



Region and country 
of birth 


All ports 


Chicago, II 


El Paso, 
TX 


Los 

Angeles, 

CA 


Miami, FL 


New York, 
NY 


San Fran- 
cisco, CA 


San 
Ysidro, CA 


Seattle, 
WA 


Other 




376,110 

28,269 

167 

265 

135 

276 

146 

1,033 

4,277 

1,670 

203 

890 

1.738 

515 

154 

2.469 

3,193 

587 

847 

431 

282 

426 

6,810 

1,346 

409 

158,010 
120 

1,197 

737 

133 

20.676 

141 

3.544 

22,421 

569 

4,081 
382 

1.639 

2.110 

2.109 

30.745 

236 

198 

1,774 
382 

4,702 
41,508 
157 
247 
325 
840 

7,610 

2,187 
881 

5,514 
366 
479 

7,055 

703 
1,644 
295 
612 
455 
241 
242 
563 


17,073 

1,922 

11 

19 

7 

19 

42 

300 

146 

2 

26 

98 

55 

4 

554 

6 

9 

8 

24 

26 

22 

278 

220 

46 

12,654 

2 
43 
26 

1,227 

7 

182 

1,495 

12 

273 

45 

58 

102 

461 

3,503 

23 

4 

88 

15 

401 

3,700 

16 

8 

14 

95 

678 

55 

39 

46 

13 

23 

349 

80 
11 
52 
36 
3 
7 
30 


13,095 
10 

1 
4 

2 
1 

2 

5 

1 

1 
1 

1 
1 


43,884 

1,741 

11 

20 

22 

51 

22 

104 

222 

68 

25 

38 

68 

65 

8 

74 

8 

31 

35 

66 

17 

46 

658 

49 

33 

32,427 

11 

22 

140 

26 

2,705 

9 

506 

1,675 

230 

850 

60 

203 

716 

240 

10.079 

25 

21 

278 

112 

444 

9,253 

27 

72 

76 

163 

3,115 

650 

113 

522 

21 

63 

556 

240 

47 
34 
33 
6 
19 
30 


30,442 

881 

6 
18 

4 

4 

7 
34 
80 

9 
11 

9 
36 
34 

3 

19 

11 

14 

105 

8 
12 

6 
429 

6 
16 

594 

2 

90 

3 

27 

104 

1 

60 

43 
5 

13 

99 
6 
4 

17 
2 

51 

10 
1 
7 
2 
2 

25 
5 
9 
2 

4 

72 

8 
2 
5 

15 
2 

10 
2 


124,190 

12,749 

75 

80 

48 

114 

73 

493 

1,143 

1,143 

102 

503 

1,242 

192 

82 

1,371 

1.672 

490 

562 

214 

127 

276 

1,824 

735 

188 

46,970 

69 

871 

172 

42 

7,186 

95 

1.068 

14,764 

78 

1,628 

149 

1,139 

343 

1,150 

6,746 

146 

70 

916 

76 

2,968 

2,607 

93 

33 

102 

411 

1.435 

425 

582 

1,119 

303 

184 

4,354 

640 
1,055 
96 
337 
217 
199 
169 
355 


33,148 

521 

8 

11 

7 

6 

4 

29 

93 

7 

3 

21 

8 

11 

2 

10 

13 

1 

4 

2 

14 

6 

248 

7 

6 

29,820 

7 

17 

254 

21 

6,914 

2 

1,091 

1,563 

129 

224 

9 

16 

395 

37 

2,204 

9 

38 

36 

93 

241 

11,997 

4 

55 

14 

19 

1.203 

269 

8 

2.826 

6 

119 

110 

16 
8 
2 

16 

1 
4 
4 


25,592 
10 

2 

3 

1 

1 

1 
1 
1 

15 

11 

1 

1 
1 

1 


14,397 

271 

6 
2 

13 

8 

10 

47 

8 

3 

3 

7 

12 

14 

5 

2 

1 

27 

2 

93 

7 
1 

13,912 

1 

23 

109 

18 

1,363 

1 

316 

579 

19 

92 

4 

13 

134 

13 

6.329 

2 

32 

24 

28 

40 

3.518 

13 

11 

6 

334 

290 

4 

565 

31 

52 

18 
6 
1 
6 

1 
5 


74,289 




10,164 




56 




111 




45 




69 




31 




321 




2,386 




289 




57 




290 


Italy 


276 




146 




41 




433 




1,481 




42 




130 




90 




83 


USS.R . 


69 




3,277 




322 




119 




21,613 




30 




219 




36 




26 




1,179 




24 




353 




2,240 




100 




952 




115 




167 




414 




195 




1,784 




25 




29 




415 




56 




557 




10,421 




16 




59 




106 




144 




820 




493 




126 




434 




23 




55 




1,562 




63 




227 




125 




181 




132 




30 




32 




137 







30 



TABLE 15. IMMIGRANT NEW ARRIVALS ADMITTED BY SELECTED PORT OF ENTRY 

AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 
FISCAL YEAR 1986— Continued 



Region and country 
of birth 



All ports 



Chicago, IL 



El Paso, 
TX 



Los 

Angeles, 

CA 



Miami, FL 



New York, 
NY 



San Fran- 
cisco. CA 



San 
Ysidro, CA 



Seattle, 
WA 



Other 



Sierra Leone 

South Africa 

Tanzania 

Uganda 

Other Afnca 

Oceania 

Australia 

Fiji 

New Zealand 

Tonga 

Other Oceania 

North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Antigua-Barbuda 

Bahamas, The 

Barbados 

British Virgin Is 

Cuba 

Dominica 

Dominican Republic 

Grenada 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

St. Kitts-Nevis 

St. Lucia 

St. Vincent & Grenadines 

Trinidad & Tobago 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

Other North America 

South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Peru 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Other South America 

Unknown or not reported 



146 
833 
283 
259 
779 

2,312 

635 
885 
294 
321 

177 

149,465 

5,780 

58,208 

62,241 

669 

295 

1,330 

131 

2,552 

496 

24,087 

890 

10,785 

17,023 

488 

400 

534 

2,122 

439 

23,155 

1,149 

920 

9,876 

4,352 

3,686 

1,529 

1,643 

81 

30,997 

1,151 

704 

1,211 

1,482 

8,932 

3,551 

9,554 

3,046 

439 

718 

209 



3 
23 
31 
22 
51 

8 

5 



1 

2,101 

171 

1,799 

41 

1 
1 



1 

5 

28 

2 



84 

1 
1 
8 
65 
3 
1 
5 
6 

39 

2 

3 
8 

13 
1 
1 

10 



11,830 

10,099 
1,164 

21 
1 

12 
2 

12 

793 

20 

1 

264 

4 

6 

27 

1 

566 

20 

7 

238 

117 

130 

41 

13 

1 

1,250 

19 

12 

4 

29 

709 

144 

177 

137 

12 

3 

4 



1 
47 
18 
25 
56 

393 

226 
78 
64 

7 
18 

7,477 

149 

3,077 

176 

1 

1 

50 

9 

2 

3 

107 

1 



2 
4,069 

115 

110 

2,493 

1,080 

33 

160 

78 

6 

1,290 

247 

9 

145 

93 

219 

141 

10 

380 

30 

11 

5 



9 

5 

2 

12 

6 

4 



1 

20,204 

99 

229 

10,582 

90 

221 

117 

10 

2.053 

58 

1,149 

71 

1,983 

4,017 

72 

103 

52 

505 

81 

9,289 

422 

632 

2,925 

1,818 

2,064 

598 

830 

5 

8,685 

355 
612 
444 
784 
3,701 
790 
410 
974 
87 
402 
126 



102 
559 
134 
106 
385 

65 

31 
10 
15 

9 

42,898 

285 

406 

41,707 

297 

27 

1,124 

30 

273 

125 

18,914 

728 

7,145 

10,788 

71 

140 

438 

1,441 

166 

492 

9 

9 

23 

12 

18 

33 

388 

8 

17,152 

390 

17 

494 

441 

3,284 

2,248 

8,638 

1,092 

268 

218 

62 



14 

6 

11 

28 

351 

75 

239 

19 

13 

5 

2,311 

111 

1,461 

3 



1 

733 

3 

2 

607 

33 
6 

81 
1 
3 

35 

5 
1 
4 
3 
4 
2 
3 
13 



23,899 

19,194 

613 

2 

6 

4 

1 

80 

3 

186 

6 

298 

6 

1 

2 

17 

1 

4,087 

249 

50 

2,270 

696 

345 

459 

18 

5 

1,667 

93 

32 

24 

86 

824 

182 

47 

329 

31 

13 

6 



4 
2 
2 

7 

15 
2 
8 
4 
1 



138 

75 

50 

2 



10 

1 
6 
1 
1 

1 
1 



40 

177 

87 

91 

240 

1,473 
291 
550 
189 
300 
143 

38,607 

4,890 

21.893 

7,953 

258 

38 

72 

88 

96 

296 

3,036 

62 

1,646 

1,520 

333 

149 

42 

129 

188 

3,825 

330 

108 

1,306 

530 

1.086 

156 

309 

46 

870 

40 

21 

93 

31 

178 

43 

268 

110 

11 

69 

6 



- Represents zero. 



31 



TABLE 16. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH AND STATE OF INTENDED RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1986 



State of intended 
residence 



All 

countries 



Cambodia 



Canada 



China, 
Mainland 



Colombia 



Cuba 



Dominican 
Republic 



El Sal- 
vador 



Germany, 
Fed. Rep. 



Guatemala 



Total 

Alabama 

Alaska 

Arizona 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut 

Delaware 

District of Columbia 
Florida 

Georgia 

Hawaii 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Kentucky 

Louisiana 

Maine 

Maryland 

Massachusetts 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi 

Missouri 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire 

New Jersey 

New Mexico 

New York 

North Carolina 

North Dakota 

Ohio 

Oklahoma 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania 

Rhode Island 

South Carolina 

South Dakota 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah 

Vermont 

Virginia 

Washington 

West Virginia 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming 

U.S. possessions 

Guam 

Puerto Rico 

Virgin Islands 



601,708 

1,697 
1,115 
7,133 

929 

168,790 

4,739 

7,001 

585 

2,444 

48,600 

5,671 
7,814 

768 
26,093 
2,496 
1,309 
2,043 
1,049 
4,373 

941 

10,768 

15.120 

8,560 

5,189 

785 
2,912 

369 

787 
3,021 

834 

34,638 

2,234 

110,216 

3,317 

400 

7.215 

2,516 

3.820 

10,597 

2,684 

1,344 

233 

2,071 

42,316 

2.106 

351 

10,557 

9,470 

583 
3,364 

266 



1.950 
4,013 
1,512 



13.501 

77 

51 

6 

5,151 

142 

182 

3 
185 

357 

28 

2 

238 
43 
7 
35 
14 
64 

186 

153 

1,175 

49 

527 

2 

91 

3 
13 
19 

39 

540 

98 

19 

407 

77 

206 

646 

424 

17 

137 
531 
152 

20 

327 

968 

5 

85 



1 1 ,039 

64 

54 

321 

23 

2.129 

165 

219 

12 

13 

1,265 

191 

115 

48 

261 

109 

45 

37 

23 

78 

184 

132 

401 

479 

163 

16 

100 

68 

30 

90 

99 

351 

32 

1,062 

137 

51 
220 

62 
144 
216 

20 

54 

14 

64 

604 

157 

69 

189 

541 

7 

83 

17 



25,106 

38 
18 

189 

17 

9,477 

102 

140 
14 
91 

328 

114 
593 
13 
705 
80 
28 
50 
14 
69 
19 

484 

900 

193 

110 

22 

88 

10 

15 

106 

28 

681 

32 

7,663 

56 

9 

245 

49 

257 

356 

57 

49 

38 

661 

66 

8 

269 

404 

10 

65 

9 



30 

35 

2 



1 1 ,408 

14 

27 

42 

6 

826 
29 

231 

24 
2,254 

107 

4 

12 

310 

11 

17 

17 

8 

58 

6 

146 

255 

58 

72 

5 

15 

5 

4 

12 

18 

1,867 

11 

3,696 

45 

3 

67 

8 

32 

140 

164 

27 

17 

410 

22 

4 

107 

53 

2 

40 

5 



94 

1 



33,114 

11 

36 

27 

2,799 

36 

170 

2 

25 

21,843 

184 
1 

431 

30 

2 

47 

7 

169 

10 

44 
148 
87 
25 
2 
27 

2 

219 

3 

4.368 
39 

1,024 
11 

47 
16 
47 
42 
14 



14 
738 

4 

1 
65 
20 

1 
46 

3 



224 



26,175 

2 

29 

2 

80 

5 

108 

3 

110 

788 

15 
3 

79 
2 
2 
4 
3 

24 
8 

70 

1,112 

10 



12 

2 

7 

25 

2,678 

3 

17,379 

16 

13 

1 

60 
299 



5 

92 

5 

44 
5 

1 
2 



2,944 
116 



10,929 

3 

5 

36 

4 

5,468 

10 

42 

2 

334 

326 

17 
2 
4 
154 
6 
7 
6 
8 
75 
3 

432 

87 
22 

7 

1 

19 

3 
90 

1 

615 

5 

1,746 

15 

1 

17 

13 

25 

31 

12 

1 

7 

687 

65 

447 

29 

1 

12 

2 



23 

1 



6,991 

93 
20 

116 

40 

1,081 

140 
98 
18 
25 

472 

231 

28 

21 

253 

117 

40 

74 

100 

103 

39 

160 

162 

217 

96 

40 

129 

6 

21 

37 

26 

244 

31 

585 

206 

9 

210 

80 

66 
246 

28 

76 

10 

97 

482 

35 

13 

218 

169 

32 

87 

6 



3 
49 

6 



32 



TABLE 16. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH AND STATE OF INTENDED RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1986— Continued 



State of intended 
residence 



Guyana 



Haiti 



Honduras 



India 



Iran 



Jamaica 



Korea 



Laos 



Lebanon 



Mexico 



Total . 



Alabama 

Alaska 

Anzona 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut 

Delaware 

District of Columbia 
Florida 



Georgia 

Hawaii 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana .... 

Iowa 

Kansas .... 
Kentucky 
Louisiana 
Maine 



Maryland 

Massachusetts ... 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi 

Missouri 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire . 



New Jersey 

New Mexico .... 

New York 

North Carolina 
North Dakota .. 

Ohio 

Oklahoma 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania ... 
Rhode Island ... 



South Carolina . 
South Dakota ... 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah 

Vermont 

Virginia 

Washington 

West Virginia .... 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming 



U.S. possessions 

Guam 

Puerto Rico 

Virgin Islands 



10,367 

6 

8 

3 

170 

2 

91 

10 

86 

288 

26 
2 

33 

3 
4 
4 
4 
37 



260 
76 
30 

121 

2 

16 

5 

1 
7 

845 

7,857 
32 

42 
8 
5 

75 
5 

15 

5 

95 

2 

33 

15 

4 

2 



4 
28 



12.666 



73 

3 

245 

13 

34 

2,657 

23 



180 



2 
2 
6 
3 

103 

835 

13 

4 
4 



1.240 
2 

7,029 
4 



1 
81 
14 



5 
22 

3 

22 

2 

1 



14 
6 



4,532 

9 

3 
22 

1 

623 

10 

31 

3 

21 

729 

24 

1 

2 

141 

10 

10 

16 

3 

553 

1 

34 
107 
18 
16 
13 
19 



5 
2 

295 

9 

1,330 

20 

2 
34 

9 
10 
38 

3 

9 

1 

7 

235 

13 

1 

43 

11 

18 



15 
2 



26,227 

148 
31 

155 

29 

4,492 

146 

418 
67 
53 

600 

370 

15 

17 

2,926 

206 

122 
90 
71 

176 
18 

850 

559 

800 

196 

67 

159 

7 

46 

55 

55 

3,190 

69 

4,208 

306 

11 

622 

179 

88 

1.019 

60 

110 

2 

178 

2.028 

60 

26 

589 

287 

64 

153 

5 



6 

7 

16 



16.505 

75 

6 

122 

29 

8,127 

157 

125 

21 

78 
320 

192 
11 
20 

383 

105 
45 
89 
44 

124 
31 

595 

351 
218 

127 
21 
93 
4 
37 
71 
17 

345 

39 

1,223 

85 

10 

245 

194 

149 

232 

23 

48 

4 

152 

1,186 

144 

4 

485 

185 

43 

64 

3 



19,595 

20 

6 

9 

2 

397 

11 

1,018 

54 

204 

3,053 

115 

4 

1 

356 

28 

3 
14 
16 

6 

587 

463 

99 

11 

3 

31 

1 

1 

11 

17 

1,452 

15 

10,468 

49 

116 
5 
4 

510 
28 



1 

6 

213 

1 

6 

89 

11 

13 

39 



2 

17 



35,776 

189 

281 

278 

88 

9,829 

700 

234 

47 

52 

480 

637 

894 

46 

1,901 

225 

333 

207 

203 

163 

55 

1,706 
439 
923 
764 

65 
318 

71 
124 
253 
114 

1,574 

98 

4,016 

350 

31 

587 

235 

357 

1,443 

34 

105 

39 

186 

1,501 

119 

34 

1,416 

1,324 

74 

400 

16 



201 

15 

2 



7,842 

33 
14 
24 
88 
3,220 
102 
66 

1 
108 

128 

110 

36 

153 

41 

64 

91 

6 

90 



16 
144 
60 
671 
14 
37 
13 
20 
12 
11 

53 

19 
141 

73 

2 

208 

38 
127 
111 
124 

24 

6 

124 

417 

70 

1 

153 

250 

9 

519 



3,994 

10 
1 

28 

2 

1,045 

15 

30 
9 

17 
159 

33 
3 

124 
20 
16 
35 
12 
54 



55 
270 

541 
23 
12 

14 
1 
12 
17 
23 

166 
5 

303 

33 

1 

221 
30 
25 
83 
19 

4 

3 

19 

308 

5 

1 

117 

34 

14 

17 

3 



66.533 

19 

40 

3,437 

52 

30.749 

957 
43 
15 
25 

749 

111 
22 

182 
4,920 

229 
83 

273 
23 

132 



54 
56 

229 
95 
18 

105 
11 
62 

424 
14 

172 

1,315 

657 

120 

6 
143 
282 
368 
100 

7 

20 

5 

21 

18.848 

223 

2 

79 

540 

5 

349 

90 



52 



33 



TABLE 16. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH AND STATE OF INTENDED RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1986— Continued 



State of intended 
residence 



Pakistan 



Peru 



Philippines 



Poland 



Romania 



Taiwan 



Thailand 



United 
Kingdom 



Vietnam 



Total 

Alabama 

Alaska 

Arizona 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut 

Delaware 

District of Columbia 
Florida 

Georgia 

Hawaii 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Kentucky 

Louisiana 

Maine 

Maryland 

Massachusetts 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi 

Missouri 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire 

New Jersey 

New Mexico 

New York 

North Carolina 

North Dakota 

Ohio 

Oklahoma 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania 

Rhode Island 

South Carolina 

South Dakota 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah 

Vermont 

Virginia 

Washington 

West Virginia 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming 

U.S. possessions 

Guam 

Puerto Rico 

Virgin Islands 



5,994 

25 

7 

38 

14 

1,124 

55 

63 

8 

20 

247 

59 

5 

1 

546 

47 

24 

41 

12 

70 

4 

161 

89 

155 

30 

5 

59 

1 

4 

23 

18 

423 

12 

1,376 

48 

2 

93 

36 

11 

122 

3 

23 

2 

10 

518 

30 

1 

206 

48 

14 

42 

2 



4,895 

14 
18 
27 

4 

1,016 

20 

85 

3 

24 

583 

40 

17 

3 

128 

10 
3 

13 
7 

23 
7 

154 
57 
12 
17 

1 
17 

1 

20 
3 

882 

12 

1,143 

13 

2 
19 
11 

9 
40 

7 

1 

4 

2 

149 

28 

2 

175 

25 

10 



1 
33 



52,558 

102 
297 
328 

86 

26.081 

225 

184 

47 

111 

1,082 

223 

4,508 

59 

2,996 

182 

84 

94 

81 

199 

56 

688 
254 
657 
184 

69 
253 

42 

48 
697 

31 

1,787 

82 

2,435 

195 

44 

494 

152 

313 

571 

98 

183 

24 

135 

1,529 

94 

8 

1,252 

1,385 

78 

186 

35 



1,515 

11 

4 



8,481 

7 
11 
62 
32 

895 
63 

464 

11 

7 

226 

40 
12 
68 
1,922 
61 
14 
13 
8 
25 
25 

104 

235 

365 

65 

52 

6 

30 

32 

19 

962 

7 

1,547 

45 

17 

145 

18 

10 

291 

27 

4 
8 

22 
247 

33 
9 

42 
100 

13 

54 



5,198 

5 

4 

118 

1,567 
24 
75 

5 
121 

72 
1 

17 
594 

15 
3 
8 

12 
4 
2 

45 
38 
276 
56 
1 
44 

1 

16 

3 

192 

1,116 

12 

23 

182 

18 

145 

85 

5 

2 

7 

13 

152 

15 

6 
25 
57 

1 
11 



13,424 

70 

13 

137 

15 

6,051 

88 

78 

36 

19 

186 

183 

131 

3 

386 

66 

27 

71 

14 

78 

13 

314 

228 

209 

76 

20 

76 

14 
76 

12 

604 

32 

1,572 

95 

7 

260 
53 
51 

273 
15 

32 

6 

72 

1,024 

38 

5 

222 

216 

22 

69 

2 



58 
5 
1 



6,204 

18 

15 

41 

14 

2.686 

66 

57 

1 

17 

126 

90 
49 
4 
213 
33 
14 
22 
11 
37 
53 

106 
232 

53 
209 

6 
54 

5 
18 
38 
14 

78 

9 

358 

45 

8 

126 

29 

55 
152 

91 

8 

5 

49 

297 

34 

4 

159 

279 

10 

98 

3 



13,657 

79 

26 

219 

59 

3,083 

154 

411 

42 

48 

1,063 

298 

48 
28 
394 
147 
35 
52 
41 
94 
45 

312 

575 

258 

110 

38 

122 

24 

33 

84 

70 

777 

68 

1,790 

180 

24 
363 

79 
104 
405 

50 

107 

8 

100 

778 

54 

20 
384 
194 

22 
108 

22 



2 

8 
18 



29,993 

177 

22 

403 

116 

13.613 

434 

150 

8 

32 

703 

460 
296 

45 
527 

88 

82 
296 

37 
731 

34 

444 

1,008 

264 

474 

150 

235 

22 

64 

111 

14 

479 

42 

946 

201 

15 

323 

368 

556 

796 

23 

60 

1 

111 

2,817 

147 

828 

1,059 

11 

125 

9 



33 
3 



Represents zero. 



34 



TABLE 17. 



IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY STATE OF INTENDED RESIDENCE 
FISCAL YEARS 1976-79 AND 1982-86 



Slate ol intended 
residence 



1976 and 
TQ 



1977 



1978 



1979 



1982 



1983 



1984 



1985 



1986 



Total 



Alabama 

Alaska 

Arizona 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut 

Delaware 

Dist. of Columbia 
Florida 



Georgia ... 

Hawaii 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana .... 

Iowa 

Kansas ... 
Kentucky 
Louisiana 
Maine 



Maryland 

Massachusetts . 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi 

Missoun 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire . 



New Jersey 

New Mexico 

New York 

North Carolina . 
North Dakota ... 

Ohio 

Oklahoma 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania .... 
Rhode Island ... 



South Carolina . 
South Dakota .. 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah 

Vermont 

Virginia 

Washington 

West Virginia ... 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming 



U.S. possessions 



Guam 

Puerto Rico .... 
Virgin Islands . 



Other or unknown 



502.289 

1.149 
650 

3.979 

746 

113,822 

3,142 

6.748 
624 

2.958 
31,820 

2,956 
9,671 

615 
34,740 
3,118 
1,432 
1,721 
1.229 
2,874 

779 

7,678 

15,760 

11,095 

3,482 

809 
3,076 

380 

861 
1,751 

656 

30,710 
1,783 
105,744 
2.308 
378 
8,336 
1,449 
2,686 

11,086 
2,587 

1,318 

270 

1.648 

30,429 

1,596 

351 
7,404 
6,606 

838 
2,781 

419 



3,107 
4,721 
3,372 

41 



462.315 

871 

582 
3,708 

609 

98,937 

2,633 

6,726 

460 

2.622 

57,071 

2,835 

7,825 

460 

25,006 

2,094 

1.260 

1.451 

1.022 

3,279 

664 

8.134 

12.153 

10,851 

2,986 

681 

2.716 

417 

745 

1,987 

558 

33,499 
1,486 

88,811 
1,876 
370 
7,129 
1,351 
2,574 
9,068 
2,802 

1.005 

204 

1,453 

21,430 

1,339 

319 
6,556 
5,690 

709 
2,279 

218 



2,211 
4,739 
3.840 

14 



601.442 

1.821 

797 

5,518 

1.893 

146,061 

5,401 

7.963 

666 

3,291 

39,428 

4.000 

9,053 

852 

33,638 

3,533 

3.004 

2.936 

1.540 

8.573 

888 

9.781 

16.383 

11.520 

5.560 

1,091 

4.265 

492 

1,501 

2,240 

743 

32,973 
2,032 
100,542 
3,036 
471 
9,178 
3,629 
4,646 

15,342 
3.050 

1.864 

483 

2,014 

46,752 

2.247 

365 

11,596 

10,952 

821 

4,321 

251 



2,444 
5,166 
2,831 



460,348 

1.112 
536 

4,609 

860 

118.880 

3.363 

8.956 
510 

2,446 
26.887 

2,914 
8,944 

544 
19,497 
2.580 
1,607 
1,713 
1,347 
2,193 

673 

7,874 

12.081 

10,335 

3,118 

564 

2,321 

337 

1,033 

1,742 

428 

26,465 
1.328 

94.401 
3,004 
271 
6.662 
1,978 
2,017 
8,966 
2,593 

1,522 

169 

1,414 

30,520 

1,952 

317 
7,638 
6,276 

710 
2,638 

211 



2,234 
4,215 
2,841 



594,131 

1.142 

704 

5,024 

1,810 

162.982 

5,182 

7,809 

381 

2,583 

24.233 

3,196 
8.557 

698 

33.558 

3,246 

3,726 

3,321 

930 
5,086 

807 

9.977 

11,584 

9.908 

9.192 

677 
2.990 

630 
1,401 
2,818 

539 

27.420 
2,533 

85,048 
3.200 
442 
7.529 
2.562 
8,233 

12,236 
2.256 

1.452 

407 

3,533 

47.679 

2,589 

355 

11,744 

13.168 

689 

4,268 

291 



2,137 
4.291 
3,115 

22.263 



559,763 

1.980 

858 

5.444 

1,261 

134,791 

5,551 

6,577 

565 

2,789 

27,625 

6.719 
7,118 

591 
26,286 
2.857 
2.158 
2,270 
1,612 
4,198 

859 

9,768 

12,872 

8,441 

6,103 

616 
3,266 

327 

970 
2,389 

605 

26,372 
2,303 

93,159 
3,494 
483 
6.853 
3.268 
4,807 

11,567 
3.384 

1,504 

259 

2,146 

46,480 

2,391 

345 

10,372 

11,840 

623 

3,100 

259 



2,025 
3,339 
4,621 

27,303 



543.903 

1,696 

970 

5,289 

1.104 

140.289 

4,656 

7,069 

592 

2,391 

32,364 

4,690 
8,981 

741 
26,617 
2,398 
1,564 
2.609 
1,073 
5.403 

798 

9,749 

13.418 

8.065 

5,243 

786 
3,186 

333 

984 
2,130 

772 

27.148 
2,258 
107.056 
3,207 
385 
6,254 
4,915 
4,342 
9,801 
2,666 

1,677 
293 

2,065 

42,180 

2,746 

406 
9,528 
9,234 

628 
2,469 

271 



2,062 
3,856 
2.489 



570.009 

1,516 

990 

6,131 

1,041 

155,403 

5,471 

6,948 

544 

2,708 

36,833 

5,452 
7,868 

658 
26,624 
2,388 
1,645 
2,363 
1,488 
3,822 

918 

10,118 

14,401 

8,276 

4,995 

684 
2.904 

385 

983 
2,778 

827 

31,074 
2,197 
104.734 
3,151 
404 
6,527 
2,964 
4,270 

10.294 
2,439 

1,591 

307 

2,130 

43,915 

2,335 

428 

1 1 ,224 

9,675 

561 
3,956 

308 



1.931 
4,682 
1.750 



601,708 

1.697 
1,115 

7,133 

929 

168,790 

4,739 

7,001 

585 

2,444 

48,600 

5,671 
7,814 

768 
26,093 
2,496 
1,309 
2.043 
1,049 
4,373 

941 

10,768 

15,120 

8.560 

5,189 

785 
2,912 

369 

787 
3,021 

834 

34,638 

2,234 

110,216 

3,317 

400 

7,215 

2,516 

3,820 

10,597 

2,684 

1,344 
233 

2,071 

42,316 

2,106 

351 

10,557 

9,470 

583 

3,364 

266 



1.950 
4,013 
1,512 



- Represents zero. 

NOTE: State of intended residence was not available in fiscal years 1980 and 1981. 



See Glossary for fiscal year definitions. 



35 



TABLE 18. 



IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY MAJOR OCCUPATION GROUP AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 

FISCAL YEAR 1986 





Total 


Occupation 




Region and country 
of birth 


Total 


Profes- 
sional 
specialty 
and tech- 
nical 


Executive, 
adminis- 
trative, 

and man- 
agerial 


Sales 


Adminis- 
trative 
support 


Precision 
produc- 
tion, craft, 
and repair 


Operator. 

fabricator, 

and 

laborer 


Farming, 
forestry, 

and 
fishing 


Service 


No occu- 
pation or 
not re- 
ported ' 




601,708 

62,512 

463 

620 
1,118 

554 

322 
2,518 
6,991 
2,512 
1.006 
1,839 
3.089 
1,261 

354 
8,481 
3,766 
5.198 
1.591 
1,098 

677 

2,588 

13,657 

2,011 

798 

268,248 

2,831 

1,634 

863 

13,501 

25.106 

307 

5,021 

26,227 

1,183 

16,505 

1,323 

3,790 

3,959 

3,081 

35,776 

496 

7,842 

3,994 

886 

5,994 

52,558 

275 

480 

596 

1.604 

13,424 

6,204 

1,753 

29,993 

420 

622 

17,463 

760 

2,989 

2,737 

1,164 


234,107 

28,778 

212 

254 

607 

307 

163 

1,135 

2,849 

1,082 

567 

1,014 

1,284 

660 

165 

4,649 

1,595 

2,315 

606 

529 

343 

927 

6,237 

874 

404 

85,199 

614 

639 

375 

2,851 

12,315 

130 

1,628 

8,448 

397 

6,665 

484 

1,401 

1,374 

1,005 

5,923 

77 

1,676 

1,343 

395 

2,343 

19,495 

32 

194 

305 

527 

4,848 

1,302 

698 

7,382 

152 

181 

8,376 

323 

1,458 

1.283 

612 


42,104 

7,875 

65 
105 
136 
101 

58 
371 
763 
216 
127 
300 
242 
182 

69 
1,066 

81 
513 
176 
207 
126 
347 
2,269 
235 
120 

21,538 

83 

138 

102 

51 

2,191 

47 

454 

3,273 

144 

2,221 

149 

504 

341 

217 

1,334 

21 

31 

371 

155 

525 

5,705 

10 

74 

127 

154 

2,126 

257 

219 

470 

1 

43 

2,079 

18 
544 

94 
126 


21,269 

3,310 

52 

68 

31 

59 

35 

241 

325 

117 

39 

143 

147 

148 

29 

126 

49 

83 

78 

108 

56 

63 

1,228 

44 

41 

11,051 

43 

107 

38 

14 

1,060 

11 

282 

1,405 

79 

1,060 

52 

183 

290 

127 

1,270 

11 

11 

213 

76 

514 

2,520 

8 

40 

52 

60 

1,084 

169 

93 

132 

9 

38 

1,082 

7 

263 

63 

49 


12,255 

1,383 

9 

9 

11 

21 

8 

63 

322 

51 

23 

44 

60 

^ 
103 
54 
52 
27 
32 
17 
37 
354 
34 
12 

5,276 

54 

24 

50 

42 
668 

11 
129 
467 

25 
620 

43 
153 

67 

130 

365 

3 

16 
116 

23 

180 

1,001 

2 

14 
9 

47 
475 
197 

40 

286 

8 

11 

568 

2 

94 

104 

28 


19,706 

2,617 

11 
25 
41 
40 
18 

117 

574 
36 
52 
93 
58 
65 
19 

227 
63 

140 
51 
53 
37 
73 

746 
42 
36 

7,142 

40 
18 
26 
50 

790 
14 

260 

594 
46 

593 
41 

108 

129 
67 

819 
11 
32 
99 
50 

105 

2,214 

5 

25 

47 

40 

434 

147 
23 

283 

2 

30 

744 

8 

100 

98 

74 


26,773 

3,938 

31 

15 

111 

24 

7 

84 

215 

247 

100 

141 

256 

53 

12 

918 

402 

380 

77 

27 

33 

127 

456 

151 

71 

6,625 

40 

14 

77 

175 

623 

11 

91 

433 

26 

398 

50 

152 

57 

96 

556 

1 

135 

207 

16 

149 

1,403 

1 

7 

17 

95 

106 

122 

130 

1,422 

3 

12 

426 
22 

76 
60 
59 


53,252 

3,997 

9 

3 

125 

12 

9 

33 

101 

155 

111 

103 

191 

26 

8 

1,215 

323 

750 

62 

21 

9 

144 

338 

195 

54 

12.839 

151 

34 

56 

1,425 

2,760 

11 

164 

353 

9 

523 

79 

102 

25 

218 

624 

11 

1,065 

93 

14 

130 

1.380 

1 

13 

9 

48 

115 

85 

62 

3,136 

118 

25 

1,160 

142 
73 

386 
90 


11,606 
684 

3 

6 

1 

10 

10 

44 

1 

26 

43 

13 

3 

160 

265 

11 

4 

3 

2 

2 

32 

42 

3 

6,938 

1 

40 

2 

553 

2,922 

7 
870 

4 
16 

12 

10 

25 

286 

50 
18 

116 
1,578 

2 

10 

63 

29 

19 

299 

3 

3 

36 

1 
4 
1 

7 


47,142 

4,974 

35 

29 

149 

44 

27 

216 

539 

216 

114 

164 

287 

137 

21 

834 

358 

386 

131 

78 

63 

134 

814 

131 

67 

13,790 

202 

264 

24 

541 

1,301 

25 

241 

1,053 

S4 

1,234 

70 

187 

455 

125 

669 

19 

336 

226 

61 

624 

3.694 

5 

19 

44 

73 

445 

296 

112 

1.354 

8 

19 

2,281 

123 
304 
477 
179 


367,601 




33,734 




251 




366 




511 




247 




159 




1,383 




4.142 




1,430 




439 




825 


Italy 


1,805 




601 




189 




3,832 




2.171 




2,883 




985 




569 




334 


USSR 


1,661 




7,420 




1,137 




394 




183,049 




2,217 




995 




488 




10,650 




12,791 




177 




3,393 




17,779 




786 




9.840 




839 




2.389 




2,585 




2,076 




29.853 




419 




6,166 




2,651 




491 




3.651 




33,063 




243 




286 




291 




1.077 




8,576 




4,902 




1,055 




22.611 




268 




441 




9,087 




437 




1,531 




1,454 




552 







See footnotes at end of table. 



36 



TABLE 18. 



IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY MAJOR OCCUPATION GROUP AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 

FISCAL YEAR 1986— Continued 



Region and country 
of birth 



Total 



Occupation 



Total 



Profes- 
sional 
specialty 
and tech- 
nical 



Executive, 
adminis- 
trative, 

and man- 
agerial 



Sales 



Adminis- 
trative 
support 



Precision 
produc- 
tion, craft, 
and repair 



Operator, 

fabricator. 

and 

laborer 



Farming, 
forestry. 

and 
fishing 



Service 



No occu- 
pation or 
not re- 
ported ' 



Kenya 

Libena 

Morocco 

Nigeria 

Sierra Leone 
South Africa 

Tanzania 

Uganda 

Other Africa .. 



Oceania 

Australia 

Fiji 

New Zealand ... 

Tonga 

Other Oceania 



North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Antigua-Barbuda 

Bahamas, The 

Barbados 

British Virgin Is 

Cuba 

Dominica 

Dominican Republic 

Grenada 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

St. Kirts-Nevis „ 

St. Lucia 

St. Vincent & Grenadines . 

Trinidad & Tobago 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

Other North America 



i5outh America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Peru 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Other South America 

Jnknown or not reported . 



719 
618 
646 

2,976 
323 

1,566 
370 
401 

2,194 

3,894 
1,354 
972 
610 
510 
448 

207,714 

11,039 

66,533 

101,632 

812 

570 

1,595 

270 

33,114 

564 

26,175 

1,045 

12,666 

19,595 

573 

502 

635 

2.891 

625 

28,380 

1,385 

1,356 

10,929 

5,158 

4,532 

2,826 

2,194 

130 

41,874 

2,187 
1,079 
2,332 
2,243 

1 1 ,408 
4.516 

10,367 

4,895 

699 

1,854 

294 



371 
275 
291 
1,595 
161 
747 
188 
220 
852 

1,902 
700 
552 
344 
188 
118 

94,987 

5,214 

30,999 

46,641 

429 

185 

784 

101 

16.281 

281 

10,757 

558 

6.074 

8.864 

319 

231 

328 

1,152 

297 

12,055 

671 

485 

5.237 

2,187 

1,707 

1,038 

730 

78 

14,864 
870 

427 

852 

837 

3,361 

1,723 

3,891 

1,950 

336 

527 

90 

1 



118 
64 
71 

326 
36 

315 
41 
60 

266 

492 

300 
42 

121 
10 
19 

7,705 
1,751 
1,114 
3,874 

57 

47 

91 

15 

689 

46 

949 

57 

394 

1,202 

32 

17 

42 

184 

52 

939 

91 

79 

186 

199 

121 

136 

127 

27 

2,414 
260 
103 
248 
199 
445 
162 
490 
240 

38 
206 

23 



63 
31 
53 

109 
9 

193 
61 
34 

127 

212 

113 
38 
48 

7 
6 

4,384 

971 

809 

1,976 

14 

18 

40 

5 

393 
9 

566 
17 

218 

541 
16 
11 
13 
94 
21 

615 
47 
31 

145 

132 
99 

107 
54 
13 

1,230 

99 

30 

90 

90 

253 

95 

271 

170 

35 

87 

10 



35 

8 
29 
99 

8 
56 
17 
25 
63 

114 

43 

44 

20 

2 

5 

4,028 
396 
785 

2,247 

30 

12 

44 

7 

944 
19 

423 
27 

168 

442 

20 

9 

9 

75 

18 

591 
26 
31 

242 
83 
54 

107 

48 

9 

886 

59 

14 

49 

59 

245 

141 

170 

95 

17 

31 

6 



43 
31 
22 
114 
24 
79 
36 
31 
84 

209 

72 
69 
46 

7 
15 

7,240 

528 

991 

4,491 

70 

38 

87 

18 

1.281 

30 

782 

65 

381 

1.376 

59 

39 

52 

174 

39 

1,220 

127 

70 

318 

192 

159 

190 

164 

10 

1,754 

70 

54 

95 

100 

292 

175 

540 

329 

20 

66 

13 



18 
11 
24 
38 
11 
27 
11 
16 
53 

167 

36 
77 
30 
14 
10 

13,431 

336 

3,691 

7,764 

66 

11 

118 

14 

2,728 

50 

1,556 

108 

1,050 

1,679 

57 

44 

57 

182 

44 

1,635 

107 

60 

690 

324 

241 

116 

97 

5 

2,186 

141 

45 

65 

99 

507 

345 

658 

225 

62 

29 

10 



28 

31 

15 

243 

14 
18 
7 
31 
82 

180 

29 
45 
30 
46 
30 

32,300 
443 

16,382 

12,607 

48 

15 

106 

7 

6,773 

40 

2,363 

60 

1,784 

1,109 

41 

35 

32 

154 

40 

2,862 

89 

106 

1,191 

607 

632 

153 

84 

6 

2,776 

77 

35 

75 

113 

807 

446 

685 

424 

75 

32 

7 



89 

9 
25 

6 
39 
10 

3,548 

58 

2,278 

1,055 

10 

5 

12 

1 

92 

13 

412 

7 

156 

305 

7 

12 

6 

15 

2 

154 

9 

9 

68 

44 

6 

13 

5 

3 

311 

9 

3 

3 

4 

35 

20 

218 

13 

3 



Includes homemakers, students, unemployed or retired persons, and others not reporting or with an unknown occupation. 
- Represents zero. 



42 
97 
76 

664 
59 
56 
12 
23 

169 

439 

98 
212 
43 
63 
23 

22,351 

731 

4,949 

12,627 

134 

39 

286 

34 

3,381 

74 

3,706 

217 

1,923 

2.210 

87 

64 

117 

274 

81 

4,039 

175 

99 

2,397 

606 

395 

216 

151 

5 

3,307 

155 

143 

227 

173 

777 

339 

859 

454 

86 

76 

18 



348 
343 
355 

1,381 
162 
819 
182 
181 

1,342 

1,992 
654 
420 
266 
322 
330 

112,727 

5,825 

35,534 

54,991 

383 

385 

811 

169 

16,833 

283 

15,418 

487 

6,592 

10,731 

254 

271 

307 

1,739 

328 

16,325 

714 

871 

5,692 

2,971 

2,825 

1,788 

1,464 

52 

27,010 

1,317 
652 

1,480 
1,406 
8,047 
2,793 
6,476 
2,945 

363 
1,327 

204 



TABLE 19. IMMIGRANT BENEFICIARIES OF OCCUPATIONAL PREFERENCES ADMITTED 

BY TYPE OF ADMISSION AND OCCUPATION 

FISCAL YEAR 1986 



Occupation 



Total 



Beneficiaries of occupational preferences 



Total 



3rd pref. 
new arrivals 



3rd pref. 
adjustments 



6th pref. 
new arrivals 



6th pref. 
adjustments 



All other 
immigrants 



All occupations 

Professional specialty and technical occupations . 

Architects 

Engineers, surveyors, and mapping scientists 

Mathematical and computer scientists 

Natural scientists 

Health diagnosticians 

Doctors 

Others 

Health assessment and treating personnel 

Nurses 

Others 

Teachers (postsecondary) 

Teachers (except postsecondary) 

Counselors (educational and vocational) 

Librarians, archivists, and curators 

Social scientists and urban planners 

Social, recreation, and religious workers 

Lawyers and judges 

Writers, artists, entertainers, and athletes 

Technologists and technicians (health) 

Technologists and technicians (except health) 

Executive, administrative and managerial occupations 

Sales occupations 

Administrative support occupations (including clerical) 

Precision production, craft, and repair occupations 

Operator, fabricator, and laborer occupations 

Farming, forestry, and fishing occupations 

Service occupations 

No occupation 

Homemaker 

Unemployed or retired 

Students and/or children under age 16 

Unknown or not reported 



601,708 

42,104 

625 
8,389 
1,042 
1,315 
3,423 
2,524 

899 
6,184 
4,619 
1,565 
2,717 
5,694 

133 

181 

495 
1,784 

533 
3,922 

842 
4,825 

21,269 
12.255 
19,706 
26,773 
53,252 
1 1 ,606 
47,142 

338,801 
83,294 
69.424 

186,083 
28,800 



23,162 

9,635 

128 

3,323 

538 

528 

386 

267 

119 

1,605 

1,280 

325 

1,021 

419 

15 

21 

76 

211 

42 

453 

97 

772 

4,079 
337 
516 

1,722 

542 

91 

4,771 



1,469 



3,342 

2,481 

58 

831 

142 

149 

183 

148 

35 

473 

374 

99 

232 

92 

5 

9 

37 

56 

21 

79 

11 

103 

688 
21 
40 
43 
4 
8 
50 



8,421 

5,457 

64 

2.339 

354 

365 

175 

102 

73 

391 

242 

149 

718 

260 

9 

11 

32 

56 

18 

162 

31 

472 

1.830 

45 

129 

71 

33 

6 

193 



657 



8,728 

1,189 

4 

98 

23 

10 

15 

7 

8 

500 

467 

33 

58 

40 

1 

1 

5 

80 

2 

145 

45 

162 

847 
220 
256 

1,463 

459 

74 

4,154 



66 



2,671 

508 

2 
55 
19 

4 
13 
10 

3 

241 

197 

44 

13 

27 



2 
19 

1 
67 
10 
35 

714 
51 
91 

145 

46 

3 

374 



739 



578,546 

32,469 

497 

5,066 

504 

787 

3,037 

2,257 

780 

4,579 

3,339 

1,240 

1,696 

5,275 

118 

160 

419 

1,573 

491 

3,469 

745 

4,053 

17.190 
11,918 
19.190 
25.051 
52,710 
11.515 
42,371 

338,801 
83,294 
69,424 

186,083 
27,331 



Represents zero. 



38 



TABLES 20-36 



REFUGEES 
ASYLEES 



TABLE 20. REFUGEE-STATUS APPLICATIONS 
FISCAL YEARS 1980-86 



Year 



Applications pending 
beginning of year 



Applications filed 
during year 



Applications approved 
during year 



Applications denied 
during year 



Applications otherwise 
closed during year 



Applications pending 
end of year 



I960 (April-September) 

981 

982 

983 

984 

985 

986 



16,642 
14.957 
18.619 
11,668 
7.801 
12.681 
13,707 



111,883 
193.230 
94,769 
104.190 
107,437 
93,415 
81,017 



89,580 
155,291 
61,527 
73,645 
77,932 
59,436 
52,081 



6.149 
15,322 
14,943 
20,255 
16,220 
18,430 

9,679 



1,197 
3,998 
6,631 
2,489 
604 
1,842 
3,362 



14,957 
18,619 
1 1 .668 
7,801 
12.681 
13,707 
15.895 



NOTE: The Refugee Act of 1980 went into effect on April 1, 1980. 



TABLE 21. REFUGEE-STATUS APPLICATIONS BY GEOGRAPHIC AREA AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CHARGEABILITY 

FISCAL YEAR 1986 



Geographic area 

and country of 

changeability 



II countries . 



frlca 

Angola 

Ethiopia 

Lesotho 

Namibia , 

South Afnca 

Zaire 

Other Afnca 



sst Asia 

Cambodia 

China, Mainland . 

Hong Kong 

-aos 

i/ietnam 



istern Europe and 
U.S.S.R , 

Mbania 

3ulgana 

Czechoslovakia 

Hungary 

3 oland 

Romania 

J.S.S.R 

Jugoslavia 



itln America 

Cuba 

3ther Latin America 



<ar East 

Xfghanistan 

ran 

raq 

3ther Near East . 



Applications pending 
beginning of year 



Applications filed 
during year 



13,707 

870 

52 
687 
9 
24 
28 
52 
18 

43 

2 



13 
28 



8,376 

61 

99 

1,175 

735 

4,533 

1,652 

65 

56 

59 

54 
5 

4,359 

1,652 

2.218 

485 

4 



81,017 

3,671 
176 

3,141 

39 

39 

121 

109 

46 

39,734 

2,996 

17 

278 

15,536 

20,907 



22,644 

206 

329 

3,098 

2,127 

10,581 

5,279 

901 

123 

111 

105 

6 

14,857 

5,345 

8,799 

691 

22 



Represents zero. 



Applications approved 
during year 



52,081 

1,329 

7 
1,285 

4 
12 

8 
13 

35,193 

2,084 

13 

201 

13,421 

19,474 



9,515 

84 

154 

1,461 

662 

3,734 

2,630 

789 

1 

47 

47 



5,997 

2,450 

3,231 

304 

12 



Applications denied 
during year 



9,679 

877 

74 

784 

3 

4 

10 

2 

4,490 

908 

4 

77 

2,105 

1,396 



2,294 

26 

46 

292 

340 

1,156 
379 

7 
48 

7 
7 



2,011 

755 

1.229 

26 

1 



Applications otherwise 
closed during year 



3,362 

160 

4 

134 
4 

18 



2,378 

45 

33 

294 

285 

1,254 

421 

19 

27 

55 

49 
6 

768 

79 
524 
165 



Applications pending 
end of year 



15,895 

1,305 

91 
938 
32 
35 
87 
91 
31 

50 

4 



10 
36 



8,457 

51 

96 

1,051 

840 

4,437 

1,849 

86 

47 

2 

2 



6,081 

2.061 

3,815 

196 

9 



41 



TABLE 22. REFUGEE APPROVALS AND ADMISSIONS BY GEOGRAPHIC AREA OF CHARGEABILITY 

FISCAL YEARS 1980-86 



Geographic area of chargeability 



1980 



1981 



1982 



1983 



1984 



1985 



1986 



Authorized admissions 

Africa 

East Asia 

Eastern Europe & U.S.S.R. . 
Latin America & Caribbean 
Near East 

Approvals 

Africa 

East Asia 

Eastern Europe & U.S.S.R. . 
Latin America & Caribbean 
Near East 

Admissions' 

Africa 

East Asia 

Eastern Europe & U.S.S.R. . 
Latin America & Caribbean . 

Near East 

Unknown 



231,700 

1,500 

169.200 

38,000 

20,500 

2,500 

206,912 

1,174 

161,132 

33,960 

7,692 

2,954 

NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



217,000 

3,000 

165,600 

39,900 

4,000 

4,500 

155,291 

3,784 

124,719 

18,845 

1,210 

6,733 

NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



140,000 

3.500 

96.000 

31.000 

3.000 

6,500 

61,527 

4,198 

37,481 

13,778 

580 

5,490 

93,252 

3.259 

69,712 

13.438 

453 

6,350 

40 



90,000 

3,000 

64,000 

15.000 

2,000 

6,000 

73,645 

2,642 

51,476 

13,382 

710 

5,435 

57,064 

2,382 

35,861 

12,986 

724 

5,110 

1 



72,000 

2,750 

52,000 

11,000 

1,000 

5,250 

77,932 

2,743 

58,697 

10,917 

156 

5,419 

67,750 

2,704 

49,154 

10,497 

152 

5,242 

1 



70,000 

3,000 

50,000 

10,000 

1,000 

6,000 

59,436 

1,943 
39.628 
9,999 
1,868 
5,998 

62,477 

1,952 

44,972 

9.720 

159 

5,674 



67,000 

3,000 
45,500 
9,500 
3,000 
6.000 

52,081 

1,329 

35.193 

9,515 

47 

5,997 

58,329 

1,279 

41.673 

9.270 

48 

6,059 



Admissions may be higher than approvals because of the arrival of persons approved in previous years. 
Represents zero. NA Not available. 



TABLE 23. REFUGEE ARRIVALS INTO THE UNITED STATES BY SELECTED NATIONALITY 

FISCAL YEARS 1982-86 



Nationality 


1982 


1983 


1984 


1985 


1986 




93.252 

4.282 

15 

117 

19,832 

453 

697 

3.050 

534 

16 

1.986 

9.215 
6.312 
2.907 
2,747 
40.604 

485 


57,064 

2,475 

61 

158 

11,161 

723 

1.191 
2,275 
651 
1,017 
1,577 

2,631 
5,520 
3.758 
1,363 
21,463 

1,040 


67.750 

2,231 

45 

137 

17,785 

81 

773 
2,347 

519 
2.812 

152 

7,423 

3,794 

4.281 

803 

23.372 

1,195 


62.477 

2.094 

43 

122 

16.647 

158 

959 
1.773 

545 
3.292 

244 

4,724 

2,806 

4,488 

643 

22,831 

1,108 


58,329 




2,478 




78 




148 




9.133 
43 

1.447 
1,248 

635 
3.246 

311 

11,130 

3.617 

2,573 

744 

20.821 

677 


Cuba 


Czechoslovakia 










Poland 




USSR 




Other 





NOTE: Data for fiscal years 1980-81 are not available. 



42 



TABLE 24. REFUGEES GRANTED LAWFUL PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUS IN FISCAL YEAR 1986 
BY CALENDAR YEAR OF ENTRY AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 



Region and country 
of birth 



Total 



1985 



1984 



1983 



1982 



1981 



1980 



1979 



Before 
1979 



Unknown 
or not re- 
ported 



All countries . 



Europe 

Bulgaria 

Czechoslovakia 

Germany, Federal Rep 

Hungary 

Poland 

Romania 

Spain 

U.S.S.R 

Other Europe 



Asia 

Afghanistan 

Cambodia 

China, Mainland . 

Hong Kong 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Iraq 

Laos 

Malaysia 

Philippines 

Thailand 

Vietnam 

Other Asia 



Africa 

Ethiopia 

Sudan 

Other Africa . 



North America 

Caribbean 

Cuba 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

Other North America 



South America . 



Jnknown or not reported . 



99.383 

11,186 
128 
821 

94 

492 

3,573 

4,190 

113 

1.589 

186 

55,265 

2,442 

13,298 

606 

117 

148 

2.867 

344 

7,552 

81 

437 

3.239 

23,925 

209 

2,248 

1,930 
121 
197 

30,501 
30,344 

30,326 

18 

112 

45 

182 



18,460 

3,313 

66 

313 

26 

149 

893 

1,579 

5 

216 

66 

14,299 

884 

2,192 

237 

32 

28 

1,391 

107 

647 

18 

94 

641 

7,985 

43 

626 

518 

42 
66 

207 
198 

197 
1 
3 
6 

15 



30,879 

4,693 

47 

326 

58 

212 

1,627 

2,020 

19 

328 

56 

24,519 

1,178 

6,479 

270 

46 

63 

1.256 

86 

2.708 

36 

218 

1,594 

10,524 

61 

1,263 

1,101 
63 



362 
342 

339 

3 

17 

3 

42 



7,857 

921 

7 

75 

6 

64 

356 

249 

3 

138 

23 

6,397 
161 

2,425 

40 

6 

13 

137 

101 

1,022 

8 

65 

460 

1,944 

15 

180 

161 

11 

8 

346 
322 

320 

2 

21 

3 

13 



3,836 

398 

2 

21 

21 

188 

72 

3 
84 

7 

3,103 

59 

906 

15 

10 

31 

3 

27 

653 

4 

31 

200 

1,159 

5 

73 

66 
2 
5 

249 
232 

232 

12 

5 

13 



2,976 

245 

1 
17 

13 
32 
30 

3 
144 

5 

2,543 

34 

769 

9 

15 

5 

3 

5 

811 

5 

13 

118 

751 

5 

33 

24 

9 

147 
138 

138 

9 



30,042 
379 

13 

1 

8 

24 

67 

262 

4 

1,927 

17 

173 

19 

2 

1 

4 

4 

1,117 

1 

6 

98 

446 

39 

7 
7 



27,663 
27,606 

27,598 

8 

34 

23 



65 



1,282 
243 

3 

1 

6 
9 
5 
215 
4 

831 

145 
2 
3 
2 
5 
5 

341 

6 

1 

70 

232 
19 

1 
1 



207 
200 

198 
2 
6 

1 



1,524 

113 
2 

3 



5 

6 

81 

6 

528 

1 

39 

2 



1 
8 

149 

2 

1 

15 

302 
8 



857 
847 

847 

7 
3 

23 



2,527 

881 

3 

50 

4 

29 

455 

202 

2 

121 

15 

1,118 
108 

170 

12 

3 

5 

67 

1 

104 

1 

8 

43 

582 

14 

62 

49 

3 

10 

463 
459 

457 
2 
3 

1 



- Represents zero. 



43 



TABLE 25. REFUGEES GRANTED LAWFUL PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUS BY 

SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH, AGE, AND SEX 

FISCAL YEAR 1986 



Age and sex 



All 
countries 



Afghanistan 



Cambodia 



China, 
Mainland 



Cuba 



Czecho- 
slovakia 



Ethiopia 



Hungary 



Iran 



Total 

Under 5 years 

5-9 years 

10-14 years 

15-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70 years and over 

Males 

Under 5 years 

5-9 years 

10-14 years 

15-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70 years and over . 

Females 

Under 5 years 

5-9 years 

10-14 years 

15-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70 years and over .. 

Percent distribution 

Males 

Females 

Median age 

Males 

Females 



99,383 

4,652 

9.061 

10,174 

11,150 

11.140 

10,652 

10.279 

8.225 

6.206 

4.657 

3,256 

2,670 

2,198 

1.934 

3,129 

55,584 

2,391 
4,787 
5,526 
6,584 
6.559 
6,032 
6,018 
4,895 
3,666 
2,684 
1,834 
1,444 
1,045 
861 
1,258 

43,799 

2,261 
4,274 
4,648 
4,566 
4,581 
4,620 
4,261 
3,330 
2,540 
1,973 
1,422 
1,226 
1,153 
1,073 
1,871 

100.0 

55.9 
44 1 

26.7 

26.7 
26.6 



2,442 

98 

268 

243 

325 

357 

345 

228 

150 

100 

75 

57 

43 

50 

67 

36 

1,350 

53 
154 
120 
192 

219 
185 

140 
83 
50 
44 
29 
15 
21 
31 
14 

1,092 

45 

114 

123 

133 

138 

160 

88 

67 

50 

31 

28 

28 

29 

36 

22 

100.0 

55.3 
44.7 

24.1 

23.5 
24.7 



13,298 

291 

1.378 

1,685 

2,161 

1,580 

1,456 

1.245 

871 

734 

558 

461 

279 

244 

191 

164 

6,453 

154 
711 
898 
1,129 
780 
651 
556 
382 
331 
249 
222 
125 
107 
88 
70 

6,845 

137 
667 
787 
1.032 
800 
805 
689 
489 
403 
309 
239 
154 
137 
103 
94 

100.0 

48.5 

51.5 

23.3 

21 7 
24.9 



606 

4 
7 
5 
1 

1 

8 

12 

14 

31 

66 

100 

104 

93 

160 

304 

1 
6 
5 



1 

3 

8 

8 

19 

27 

58 

54 

42 

72 

302 

3 

1 

1 



5 
4 
6 
12 
39 
42 
50 
51 
88 

100.0 

50.2 
49.8 

62.5 

61.5 
63.5 



30,326 

5 
1,812 
2,988 
2,050 
2,072 
2,308 
3,037 
3,350 
2,981 
2,294 
1,609 
1,493 
1.214 
1,115 
1.998 

17,095 

3 

971 

1.558 

1,121 

944 

1,288 

1.931 

2.205 

1,919 

1.416 

956 

845 

609 

512 

817 

13,231 

2 

841 

1,430 

929 

1,128 

1,020 

1.106 

1,145 

1,062 

878 

653 

648 

605 

603 

1,181 

100.0 

56.4 
43.6 

36.3 

36.6 
35.7 



821 

20 

81 

68 

32 

103 

162 

168 

100 

58 

21 

7 



1 

326 

10 
36 
38 
15 
37 
56 
64 
46 
17 
5 
2 



100.0 

60.3 
39.7 

28.4 

289 
27.3 



1,930 

51 

115 

97 

118 

570 

536 

264 

86 

53 

21 

13 

3 

3 



495 


1,318 


10 


31 


45 


53 


30 


49 


17 


62 


66 


361 


106 


406 


104 


218 


54 


69 


41 


46 


16 


14 


5 


5 


- 


2 


- 


2 



612 

20 

62 

48 

56 

209 

130 

46 

17 

7 

7 

8 

1 

1 



100.0 

68.3 
31.7 

25.2 

26.2 
23.1 



492 

12 
33 
37 
15 
88 
98 
103 
47 
35 
19 



310 

5 

19 

14 

7 

59 

68 

68 

32 

23 

12 

1 

1 

1 



182 

7 
14 
23 

8 
29 
30 
35 
15 
12 

7 



1 
1 

100.0 

63.0 
37.0 

28.5 

29.1 
26.6 



2,867 

111 

202 

141 

256 

518 

498 

405 

248 

148 

98 

68 

54 

51 

36 

33 

1,720 

56 

106 

85 

178 

354 

318 

237 

129 

78 

50 

35 

32 

30 

15 

17 

1,147 

55 

96 

56 

78 

164 

180 

168 

119 

70 

48 

33 

22 

21 

21 

16 

100.0 

600 
40.0 

27.1 

26.4 
28.5 



44 



TABLE 25. REFUGEES GRANTED LAWFUL PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUS BY 

SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH, AGE, AND SEX 

FISCAL YEAR 1986— Continued 



Age and sex 



Iraq 



Laos Philippines Poland Romania Thailand U.S.S.R 



Vietnam 



Other 



Total 

Under 5 years 

5-9 years 

10-14 years 

15-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70 years and over 

Males 

Under 5 years 

5-9 years 

10-14 years 

15-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70 years and over 

Females 

Under 5 years 

5-9 years 

10-14 years 

15-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70 years and over . 

Percent distribution 

Males 

Females 

Median age 

Males 

Females 



344 

4 
31 
34 
27 
67 
55 
46 
20 
19 
11 
11 
10 

5 



208 

2 

15 

19 

14 

55 

35 

29 

9 

8 

8 

3 

5 

3 



136 

2 

16 

15 

13 

12 

20 

17 

11 

11 

3 

8 

5 

2 

1 

100.0 

60.5 
39.5 

25.7 

24.8 
269 



7,552 
110 

931 

1,050 

1,075 

1.125 

900 

669 

417 

334 

256 

208 

131 

94 

129 

123 

4,016 

50 

478 

554 

578 

641 

481 

394 

234 

162 

132 

112 

66 

42 

43 

49 

3,536 

60 

453 

496 

497 

484 

419 

275 

183 

172 

124 

96 

65 

52 

86 

74 

100.0 

53.2 
46.8 

22.8 

22.9 
22.7 



437 

417 
15 

1 
1 

1 
2 



225 

217 
8 



212 

200 
7 
1 
1 

1 
2 



100.0 

51.5 
48.5 

2.0 

2.1 
1.1 



3,573 

61 

340 

263 

138 

272 

709 

799 

561 

197 

121 

59 

24 

10 

6 

13 

2,151 

31 
149 
130 

78 

165 

458 

506 

358 

131 

77 

41 

14 

3 

4 

6 

1,422 

30 

191 

133 

60 

107 

251 

293 

203 

66 

44 

18 

10 

7 

2 

7 

100.0 

60.2 
39.8 

30.0 

30.6 
28.8 



4,190 
194 

463 

405 

333 

245 

481 

604 

475 

310 

227 

142 

123 

91 

47 

50 

2,228 

89 

244 

207 

194 

139 

259 

331 

250 

164 

118 

82 

61 

43 

21 

26 

1,962 

105 

219 

198 

139 

106 

222 

273 

225 

146 

109 

60 

62 

48 

26 

24 

100.0 

53.2 
46.8 

29.8 
29.7 
29.9 



3,239 

2,044 
1,156 
21 
1 
2 
1 
5 
4 
2 
1 



1,675 

1,077 

576 

11 

1 

2 

2 

3 

1 
1 



1 

1,564 

967 

580 

10 



1 

100.0 

51.7 
48.3 

4.2 

4.2 
4.2 



1.589 

16 

91 

104 

67 

80 

116 

152 

164 

79 

89 

70 

74 

107 

100 

280 

704 

11 
49 
55 
34 
40 
56 
75 
84 
38 
48 
33 
27 
32 
36 
86 

885 

5 
42 
49 
33 
40 
60 
77 
80 
41 
41 
37 
47 
75 
64 
194 

100.0 

44.3 
55.7 

40.3 

36.8 
47.4 



23,925 

579 

1,941 

2.963 

4.493 

3.962 

2,829 

2,405 

1,611 

1,070 

791 

459 

314 

205 

136 

167 

14,453 
276 

1,106 

1,759 

2,954 

2.675 

1,634 

1,347 

941 

637 

459 

270 

181 

89 

63 

62 

9,472 

303 

835 

1,204 

1,539 

1,287 

1.195 

1,058 

670 

433 

332 

189 

133 

116 

73 

105 

100.0 

60.4 
39.6 

22.2 

21.8 
23.2 



1,752 

635 

197 

69 

57 

99 

156 

139 

109 

72 

44 

25 

21 

19 

13 

97 

879 

325 
97 
32 
25 
59 
86 
77 
54 
29 
21 
13 
12 
9 
6 
34 

873 

310 
100 

37 
32 
40 
70 
62 
55 
43 
23 
12 

9 
10 

7 
63 

100.0 

50.2 
49.8 

13.4 

12.6 
13.8 



Represents zero. 



45 



TABLE 26. REFUGEES GRANTED LAWFUL PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUS BY 

SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH AND STATE OF RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1986 



State of residence 



All 
countries 



Afghanistan 



Cambodia 



China, 
Mainland 



Cuba 



Czecho- 
slovakia 



Ethiopia 



Hungary 



Total 

Alabama 

Alaska 

Arizona 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut 

Delaware 

District of Columbia 
Florida 

Georgia 

Hawaii 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Kentucky 

Louisiana 

Maine 

Maryland 

Massachusetts 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi 

Missouri 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire 

New Jersey 

New Mexico 

New York 

North Carolina 

North Dakota 

Ohio 

Oklahoma 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania 

Rhode Island 

South Carolina 

South Dakota 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah 

Vermont 

Virginia 

Washington 

West Virginia 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming 

U.S. possessions 

Guam 

Puerto Rico 



99,383 

303 

48 

746 

266 

30,311 

826 

893 

9 

152 

21,715 

1,367 
372 
187 

2,605 
251 
144 
488 
95 
976 
330 

942 

2.910 

1,123 

2.082 

169 

612 

21 

147 

438 

81 

5,370 
100 

5,477 
426 
109 

1,387 
512 

1,127 

2,023 
698 

91 

41 

487 

4.941 

456 

41 

1,663 

2,716 

29 

923 

7 



16 
134 



2,442 



6 

8 

1 

1,082 

38 
6 
1 
4 

12 

41 
11 

42 
14 

17 
6 
7 

15 

53 
12 

1 
35 



15 



36 
19 



79 

6 

353 

10 

2 
2 

12 
16 



3 
6 
6 
90 
3 

315 
35 

22 



13,298 

77 

51 

3 

5.069 

138 

181 

3 

181 

357 

26 

2 

234 
39 
7 
34 
14 
61 

185 

146 

1.168 

49 

526 

2 

91 

3 
13 
18 

33 

526 

98 
19 
406 
76 
196 
638 
418 

16 

137 
522 
152 

20 

319 

955 

5 

84 



606 



1 

2 

395 

8 



5 
14 

1 



18 



7 
21 



30,326 

11 

35 

27 

2,583 

31 

163 

1 

23 

20,148 

172 



8 


381 


- 


27 


- 


2 


2 


47 


- 


7 


3 


145 


- 


10 


4 


41 


12 


133 


2 


78 


4 


25 


1 


2 


2 


26 


_ 


2 


9 


201 


- 


3 


8 


3,980 


2 


38 


35 


852 


- 


7 


8 


42 


4 


15 


6 


46 


11 


37 


1 


14 



14 
707 

4 

1 
52 
16 

1 
46 

3 



124 



821 
1 



299 
13 
13 

2 

28 

5 

1 

28 

39 

4 

4 
2 

1 



10 
36 

15 
11 

7 
1 

1 
9 

31 
1 

60 
3 

19 

14 

16 
9 

1 



4 
1 
39 
27 
2 
12 
45 



1,930 



2 
94 

444 

45 

4 

1 

79 

49 

86 
1 
1 

85 
2 



65 
49 
34 
64 

44 



45 



25 

102 

6 

9 

94 

3 

28 

51 

3 

2 
3 

7 

254 

4 

51 
77 

10 



492 



159 

4 

38 

1 
44 

19 



2 
12 



25 

3 

56 

6 
23 

6 

10 
5 



4 
15 



46 



TABLE 26. REFUGEES GRANTED LAWFUL PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUS BY 

SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH AND STATE OF RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1986— Continued 



Slate of residence 


Iraq 


Laos 


Philippines 


Poland 


Romania 


Thailand 


USSR. 


Vietnam 


Other 


Total 


344 

1 
121 

1 

1 

1 

86 
1 

1 
108 

1 

1 
2 

2 

4 

1 
10 

2 


7,552 

30 
14 
24 
86 
3,147 
94 
59 

1 
104 

123 
94 
35 

148 
39 
52 
88 
3 
89 

13 
138 

57 
653 
14 
37 
11 
19 
10 
11 

52 

17 
120 

72 

1 

206 

38 
120 
108 
118 

24 

6 

123 

396 

64 

1 

138 

239 

9 

507 


437 

2 

1 
3 

188 

1 
2 

7 

3 
2 

6 
2 

3 

3 
2 

2 

29 
3 

22 
1 
2 

2 

1 

7 
2 

1 
9 
3 
7 
19 
15 

5 

35 

3 

7 
33 

4 


3,573 

2 

3 
31 
28 

510 
37 

164 

I 

111 

11 
5 

63 
348 

25 
9 
5 
5 
8 

21 

62 

85 

235 

44 

33 

28 
23 
13 

403 

1 

637 

26 

9 

54 

18 

7 

168 

3 

1 

8 

10 

150 

22 

6 
20 
82 

4 
27 

1 


4,190 

3 

4 

97 

1,365 
20 
64 

4 
86 

64 
1 

17 

513 

8 

8 

12 

2 

2 

33 

15 

236 

49 

1 
41 

7 

144 

810 

9 

23 

112 

16 

132 

54 

4 

7 

10 

122 

15 

6 
15 
55 

1 

3 


3,239 

9 

4 

9 

1,502 

24 

39 

19 

44 
10 

1 
48 
15 

3 
11 

1 
13 
50 

28 
186 

11 

197 

1 

24 
2 
5 
1 
9 

7 

111 
23 
5 
94 
11 
26 

115 
86 

3 

1 

39 

104 

22 

2 

37 

195 

1 

90 

1 


1,589 

1 

329 

20 
8 

1 
12 

7 

1 
76 
4 
1 
2 
8 
2 

16 
71 
29 
12 

27 

2 
1 

101 

759 

23 

5 
33 

1 

1 

15 

3 

1 
7 

10 


23,925 

161 

17 

334 

101 

10,912 

316 

108 

4 

14 

486 

382 
199 

33 
456 

62 

61 
257 

30 
614 

24 

326 

905 

214 

382 

143 

205 

7 

44 

70 

11 

387 

29 

779 

152 

13 

240 

275 

488 

671 

21 

34 

1 

93 

2,176 

117 

570 
880 

3 
100 

3 

14 

1 


1,752 




1 




1 




39 




3 




526 




19 




21 




_ 




8 




373 




13 




7 




5 




75 




4 




1 




3 








12 




4 




24 




28 




30 




23 




3 




44 




_ 




1 




4 




1 




54 




_ 




136 




8 


North Dakota 


3 


Ohio 


25 




13 




5 




56 




7 




2 




3 




9 




91 


Utah 


1 




1 




18 




30 








10 




1 


U.S. possessions 






6 







Represents zero. 



47 



TABLE 27. ASYLUM CASES FILED WITH INS DISTRICT DIRECTORS 
FISCAL YEARS 1973-86 



Year 



Cases received 



Cases completed 



Cases approved 



Cases denied 



Cases adjudicated 



Percent approved 



1973 

1974 

1975 

1976 

1976.TQ 

1977 

1978 

1979 

1980 

1981 

1982 

1983 

1984 

1985 

1986 



1,913 

2,716 

2,432 

2.733 

896 

2,529 

3,702 

5,801 

26,512 

61,568 

33.296 

26,091 

24,295 

16,622 

18,889 



1,510 

2,769 

1,664 

1,914 

370 

1.939 

2,312 

2,312 

2,000 

4,521 

1 1 ,326 

25,447 

54.320 

28.528 

45,792 



380 

294 

562 

590 

97 

754 

1,218 

1,227 

1,104 

1,175 

3.909 

7,215 

8,278 

4,585 

3.359 



1.130 

2,475 

1,102 

1.324 

273 

1.185 

1,094 

1,085 

896 

3,346 

7,255 

16,811 

32,344 

14,172 

7.882 



1,510 

2,769 

1.664 

1.914 

370 

1.939 

2.312 

2,312 

2.000 

4.521 

11.164 

24,026 

40.622 

18,757 

11,241 



25.2 
10.6 
33.8 
30.8 
26.2 
38.9 
52.7 
53.1 
55.2 
26.0 
35.0 
30.0 
20.4 
24.4 
29.9 



NOTE: The Refugee Act of 1980 went into effect on April 1, 1980. Data for fiscal years 1982 and 1983 have been estimated due to changes in 
the reporting procedures during those two periods. Cases completed cover approvals, denials, and cases otherwise closed. Cases otherwise closed 
are those in which the applicant withdrew the case from consideration, never acknowledged a request for an interview with the INS, or died. Cases 
adjudicated cover approvals and denials. 
See Glossary for fiscal year definitions. 



TABLE 28. NUMBER OF INDIVIDUALS GRANTED ASYLUM BY INS DISTRICT DIRECTORS BY SELECTED NATIONALITY 

FISCAL YEARS 1984-86 



Nationality 



1984 



1985 



1986 



All nationalities 

Afghanistan 

China, Mainland 

Cuba 

Czechoslovakia 
El Salvador 

Ethiopia 

Hungary 

Iran 

Libya 

Nicaragua 

Poland 

Romania 

Syria 

USSR 

Other 



1 1 .627 

268 
16 
18 
51 

503 

361 

82 

7,442 

17 

1,153 

953 
192 

36 
70 

465 



6,514 

92 
74 
65 
47 
129 

210 

65 

4,087 

88 

557 

549 

113 
41 
35 

362 



4,284 

91 
22 
17 
39 
90 

217 
26 

1,568 
55 

1,284 

456 

152 

57 

44 

166 



48 



TABLE 29. 



ASYLUM CASES FILED WITH INS DISTRICT DIRECTORS BY SELECTED NATIONALITY 
FISCAL YEAR 1986 



Nationality 



Applications 

pending beginning 

of year 



Applications 

received during 

year 



Applications 

granted during 

year 



Individuals granted 
asylum during year 



Applications 
denied during year 



Applications 

otherwise closed 

during year 



Applications 

pending end of 

year 



II nationalities - 



fghanistan 

angladesh 

jlgana 

lile 

lina, Mainland . 

ijba 

pechoslovakia .. 

iypt 

Salvador 

hiopia 



tana 

latemala 

itj 

nduras . . 
ngary 
ia 



1 

iel ... 
dan . 



is 

■anon ... 

sria 

ra 

tico 

iragua 
eria 

stan ... 

i 



ppines 



>nd 

|-tania 

Iialia 

I h Africa 
| anka 

i 

3.R 

ida 

lam 

islavia ... 



126,311 

68 

6 

6 

2 

34 

115.658 

26 

19 

500 

164 

15 

118 

5,731 

46 

27 

45 

791 

38 

8 

6 

11 

152 

18 

43 

8 

1,918 

17 

26 

6 
47 

267 

70 
27 
23 
27 
59 
32 
54 
23 
20 

155 



18,889 

195 
25 
10 
20 
47 

3,043 
60 
32 

2.183 
391 

15 

471 

176 

135 

105 

116 

2.236 

53 

11 

13 

17 

240 

39 

123 

19 

7,111 

8 

62 

15 

93 

965 

215 
86 
46 
24 

113 
36 
41 
15 

127 

157 



3,359 

48 

10 
6 
18 
17 
22 

55 
175 

6 
5 
2 

22 

1,172 
8 



2 

4 

5 

41 

1,082 

2 



373 
127 

16 

10 

1 

50 

33 

6 

8 

4 

20 



4,284 

91 

13 
11 
22 
17 
39 

90 

217 

13 
7 
5 

26 

1.568 
12 



2 

4 

6 

55 

1,284 



16 

456 
152 

16 

14 

1 

57 

44 

6 

8 

5 



22 



7,882 

63 

12 

2 

5 

10 

649 

9 

18 

1,149 

202 

15 

209 

514 

28 

24 

70 

828 

36 

5 

6 

7 

231 

18 

26 

8 

2,873 

14 

33 

3 
75 

376 

42 
46 
22 
23 
38 
10 
45 
9 
48 

81 



34,551 

29 

11 

2 

2 

21 

28,429 

17 

11 

482 

56 

1 

130 

3,349 

25 

17 

26 

283 

19 



7 
39 
14 
32 
13 
1,148 

5 
11 

4 
13 

137 

33 

7 

7 

5 

10 

8 

13 

14 

33 



86 



99,408 

123 

8 

2 

9 

32 

89,606 

38 

22 

997 

122 

8 

245 

2,042 

128 

69 

65 

744 

28 

14 

11 

12 

118 

20 

67 

6 
3,926 

6 
42 
14 
43 

346 

83 
44 
30 
22 
74 
17 
31 
7 
62 

125 



Represents zero. 

)TE: Cuban asylum applicants who have adjusted to lawful permanent resident status under the Cuban Refugee Adjustment Act of 1966 appear 
■4 ises otherwise closed in asylum data. 



49 



TABLE 30. ASYLUM CASES FILED WITH INS DISTRICT DIRECTORS BY INS REGION AND DISTRICT OFFICE 

FISCAL YEAR 1986 



Region and district office 



Applications 

pending beginning 

of year 



Applications 

received during 

year 



Applications 

granted during 

year 



Individuals granted 
asylum during year 



Applications 
denied during year 



Applications 

otherwise closed 

during year 



All districts 

Eastern Region 

Baltimore, MD 

Boston, MA 

Buffalo. NY 

Newark, NJ 

New York, NY 

Philadelphia, PA ... 

Portland, ME 

San Juan, PR 

Washington, DC ... 

Southern Region .... 

Atlanta, GA 

Dallas, TX 

El Paso, TX 

Harlingen, TX 

Houston, TX 

Miami, FL 

New Orleans, LA .. 
San Antonio, TX ... 

Northern Region 

Anchorage, AK 

Chicago, IL 

Cleveland, OH 

Denver, CO 

Detroit, Ml 

Helena, MT 

Kansas City, MO .. 

Omaha, NE 

Portland, OR 

St. Paul, MN 

Seattle. WA 

Western Region 

Honolulu, HI 

Los Angeles, CA .. 

Phoenix. AZ 

San Diego. CA 

San Francisco, CA 



126,311 

14,861 
319 
616 
252 

12,796 

401 

98 

3 

8 

368 

105,281 

401 

1,071 

135 

5 

317 

102,569 

473 

310 

4,818 

3 

3,407 

66 

29 

554 
11 

449 
10 

243 
29 
17 

1,351 

653 

287 

78 

333 



18,889 

3,390 

219 

300 
67 

339 

1.904 

88 

10 

35 

428 

10,661 

181 

186 

67 

2 

89 

9,528 

532 

78 

1,077 

22 
529 
97 
82 
71 
7 
65 
15 
52 
58 
79 

3,761 

16 

2,391 

164 

263 

927 



3,359 

815 

139 

81 

37 

80 

339 

41 

2 

2 

94 

1,143 

32 
51 
18 
1 
39 
874 
85 
43 

469 

8 

271 

25 

26 

14 

6 
29 

5 
21 
40 
24 

932 

2 

723 

48 

23 

136 



4,284 

1,027 

199 
100 

42 

105 

421 

57 

2 

2 

99 

1,330 

41 

74 

20 

1 

40 

905 

171 

78 

616 

8 
358 

31 
34 
17 
6 
37 
12 
30 
44 
39 

1,311 

2 

1,034 

89 

31 

155 



7,882 

1,255 

111 

127 

71 

159 

344 

48 

2 

9 

384 

3,983 

144 

78 

23 

5 

31 

3.127 

453 

122 

540 

1 
310 
31 
44 
29 
4 
30 
10 
18 
29 
34 

2,104 

6 

1,664 

77 

42 

315 



34,551 

5,363 

65 

452 

67 

3,862 

832 

39 

4 

23 

19 

27,727 
182 

935 

56 

1 

274 

25,650 

424 

205 

775 

3 

399 

78 

10 

48 

83 

7 

136 

6 

5 

686 

1 

19 

82 

157 

427 



99,408 

10,818 

223 
256 

144 

9,034 

790 

58 

5 

9 

299 

83,089 
224 

193 
105 

62 

82,444 

43 

18 

4,111 

13 

2,956 

29 

31 

534 

8 

372 

3 

120 

12 

33 

1,390 

7 
638 
244 
119 
382 



- Represents zero. 



50 



TABLE 31. ASYLEES GRANTED LAWFUL PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUS BY 

SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH, AGE, AND SEX 

FISCAL YEAR 1986 



Age and sex 



All countries Afghanistan Ethiopia 



Iran 



Poland 



Romania 



U.S.S.R. 



Other 



Total 

Under 5 years 

5-9 years 

10-14 years 

15-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70 years and over . 



Males 

Under 5 years 

5-9 years 

10-14 years 

15-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70 years and over . 



Females 

Under 5 years 

5-9 years 

10-14 years 

15-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70 years and over . 



Percent distribution . 

Males 

Females 



Median age . 

Males 

Females 



5,000 

25 
250 
312 
335 
668 
787 
706 
525 
378 
277 
236 
157 
132 

80 
132 

2,913 

12 

134 

171 

180 

415 

503 

422 

310 

204 

154 

134 

95 

81 

40 

58 

2,087 

13 

116 

141 

155 

253 

284 

284 

215 

174 

123 

102 

62 

51 

40 

74 

100.0 

58.3 

41.7 

30.8 

30.4 
31.3 



158 

12 

15 

18 

19 

17 

34 

15 

10 

4 

4 

2 

3 

4 

1 

86 

4 

4 

11 

7 

13 

21 

9 

7 

2 

3 

1 

3 

1 



72 

8 

11 

7 

12 

4 

13 

6 

3 

2 

1 

1 

3 
1 

100.0 

54.4 
45.6 

29.5 

30.7 
23.7 



172 

3 

6 

12 

29 

36 

43 

27 

7 

2 

5 

1 

1 



112 

2 

2 

5 

19 

20 

29 

23 

4 

2 

5 

1 



60 

1 

4 

7 

10 

16 

14 

4 

3 



100.0 

65.1 
34.9 

30.0 

31.3 
27.1 



3,155 

9 

113 

172 

193 

509 

554 

416 

285 

216 

167 

158 

117 

99 

56 

91 

1,880 

4 

65 

98 

111 

334 

362 

256 

163 

107 

81 

90 

74 

62 

28 

45 

1,275 

5 

48 

74 

82 

175 

192 

160 

122 

109 

86 

68 

43 

37 

28 

46 

100.0 

59.6 
40.4 

30.3 

29.5 
31.8 



376 
6 

23 

14 

8 

13 

60 

101 

72 

38 

20 

11 

4 

3 

1 

2 

232 

3 

10 

9 

3 

10 

37 

57 

48 

25 

16 

7 

4 

2 

1 



144 

3 

13 

5 

5 

3 

23 

44 

24 

13 

4 

4 



1 



100.0 

61.7 
38.3 

33.3 

33.9 
32.5 



118 
2 

8 

3 

7 

2 

3 

7 

26 

11 

17 

7 

1 

6 

3 

10 

65 

1 
3 
3 
5 
1 
2 
5 

13 
7 

11 
2 

4 
3 
5 

53 

1 
5 
5 
2 
1 
1 
2 
13 
4 
6 
5 
1 
2 



100.0 

55.1 
44.9 

39.2 

39.8 
38.7 



65 



1 
3 
6 
4 
3 
3 
4 
3 

11 
4 
8 

15 

18 



3 
1 
2 
1 
3 
4 

47 



1 
2 
3 
4 
3 
3 
1 
2 
9 
3 
5 
11 

100.0 

27.7 
72.3 

57.8 

58.0 
57.8 



956 

8 

91 

97 

96 

93 

111 

101 

97 

93 

63 

48 

21 

16 

8 

13 

520 

4 

50 

55 

45 

43 

66 

54 

54 

54 

39 

26 

13 

9 

4 

4 

436 

4 

41 

42 

51 

50 

45 

47 

43 

39 

24 

22 

8 

7 

4 

9 

100.0 

54.4 
45.6 

29.3 

29.8 
28.6 



Represents zero. 



51 



TABLE 32. ASYLEES GRANTED LAWFUL PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUS BY 

SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH AND STATE OF RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1986 



State of residence 



Total 

Alabama 

Alaska 

Arizona 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut 

District of Columbia 
Florida 

Georgia 

Hawaii 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Kentucky 

Louisiana 

Maine 

Maryland 

Massachusetts 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi 

Missouri 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire 

New Jersey 

New Mexico 

New York 

North Carolina 

North Dakota 

Ohio 

Oklahoma 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania 

Rhode Island 

South Carolina 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah 

Virginia 

Washington 

West Virginia 

Wisconsin 



All countries 



5.000 

5 

5 

18 

2 

2.369 

35 

81 

26 

171 

46 

5 

1 

164 

21 
4 

26 
5 

32 
5 

181 

106 

42 

37 

8 
35 

3 

4 
23 

3 

119 

12 

708 

20 

2 
52 
40 
16 
32 

4 

4 
50 

300 
29 

109 
15 
10 
15 



Afghanistan 



158 



2 

55 



4 
41 



25 
1 



Ethiopia 



172 



41 
2 
2 
8 



13 
3 
1 

10 
1 
3 



10 
3 
9 



1 
18 



12 

1 



Iran 



3.155 
5 

15 

2 

1,800 

17 

27 
9 

15 

24 



81 
7 
2 

14 
5 
6 
4 

126 
63 
20 
13 



16 



13 



39 

2 
429 
12 
1 
28 
30 
10 
16 



2 

45 

170 

17 

56 

8 

1 

5 



Poland 



376 



50 
7 

45 
1 

7 



55 
7 



6 

1 

6 

11 

3 

2 



3 
1 

35 

76 
3 
1 
6 



3 

29 

2 

2 



Romania 



118 

1 
23 

1 



36 

1 

3 

1 
2 

7 



U.S.S.R. 



Other 



65 



24 
2 
3 



1 
26 



956 



376 
7 
3 
8 

149 

15 

1 
15 

1 
2 

19 



30 

25 

9 

8 

7 

15 



23 
7 

91 
4 

10 
7 
4 
2 
3 



67 

10 

13 

3 



- Represents zero. 



52 



TABLE 33. ASYLEES GRANTED LAWFUL PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUS IN FISCAL YEAR 1986 BY 
CALENDAR YEAR OF ENTRY AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 



Region and country 
of birth 



All countries 



Europe 

Czechoslovakia . 

Hungary 

Poland 

Romania 

U.S.S.R 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe .... 



Asia 

Afghanistan 

China. Mainland . 

Iran 

Iraq 

Philippines 

Other Asia 



Africa 

Ethiopia 

Ghana 

Libya 

Somalia 

South Africa 

Uganda 

Other Africa . 



Oceania 



North America 

Caribbean 

Central America 

El Salvador 

Nicaragua 

Other Central America . 
Other North America 



Total 



South America 



5,000 

682 

20 

51 

376 

118 
65 

11 
41 

3,420 

158 

12 
3,155 
23 
22 
50 

299 

172 
22 
20 
12 
15 
38 
20 

1 

585 

12 

570 

263 

301 

6 

3 

13 



1984 



786 

152 

1 

8 
85 
42 
6 
1 
9 

460 

17 

6 

418 

5 

14 

65 

30 
3 
6 
6 
2 

15 
3 



108 

107 

37 
69 

1 
1 

1 



1983 



- Represents zero. 



425 

100 

3 
8 
56 
20 
7 
3 
3 

245 

21 
2 
204 
4 
8 
6 

42 

21 
8 

1 
2 
5 

1 
4 



38 

3 

35 

12 
22 

1 



1982 



468 

82 

7 
11 
31 
23 

6 



311 

19 

1 

288 

1 



33 

17 
5 
2 
2 

4 
3 



39 

1 
38 

19 
19 



1981 



543 

152 

3 

2 

126 

10 
6 

1 
4 

252 

8 

1 

231 

5 



51 

29 

4 
8 
2 

5 
3 



84 

1 
83 

67 

15 

1 



1980 



519 



1979 



1,298 



64 


61 


1 


2 


10 


10 


29 


23 


8 


3 


11 


12 


5 


11 


319 


1,059 


39 


26 


- 


2 


274 


1,005 


2 


5 


- 


12 


4 


9 


31 


13 


17 


5 


1 


1 


7 


_ 


4 


3 


2 


4 


103 


163 


4 


3 


98 


160 


77 


35 


18 


125 


3 


- 


1 


- 



Before 
1979 



947 

64 
3 
2 

26 
5 

17 
6 
5 

771 

28 

732 

1 
2 
8 

63 

53 
2 



1 
6 
1 

1 

47 

46 

14 
32 



Unknown or 
not re- 
ported 



14 

7 



53 



TABLE 34. REFUGEES AND ASYLEES GRANTED LAWFUL PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUS BY ENACTMENT 

FISCAL YEARS 1946-86 



Enactment 



Total 



1946-50 



1951-60 



1961-70 



1971-80 



1981-86 



Total . 



Presidential Directive of 12/22/45 . 
Displaced Persons Act of 6/25/48 

Orphan Act of 7/29/53 

Refugee Relief Act of 8/7/53 

Refugee-Escapee Act of 9/11/57 .., 



Hungarian Refugee Act of 7/25/58 

Azores & Netherlands Refugee Act of 9/2/58 

Refugee Relatives Act of 9/22/59 

Fair Share Refugee Act of 7/14/60 

Refugee Conditional Entrants Act of 10/3/65 . 



Cuban Refugee Act of 11/2/66 

Indochinese Refugee Act of 10/28/77 

Refugee Parolee Act of 10/5/78 

Refugee Act of 1980, 3/17/80 

Refugees 

Asylees 



2,116,417 

40,324 

409.696 

466 

189,025 

29,462 

30,752 

22,213 

1,820 

19,798 

142,103 

445.166 
174,863 
137,192 
473,537 
450,409 
23,128 



213,347 

40,324 

1 73,023 

X 

X 

X 

X 
X 
X 
X 
X 

X 
X 
X 
X 

X 
X 



492,371 

X 

236.669 

466 

188,993 

24,263 

30,491 

10.057 

1,432 

X 

X 

X 
X 
X 
X 
X 
X 



212,843 

X 

4 

X 

28 

5,199 

258 
12.156 

388 
19,714 
39,149 

135.947 
X 
X 
X 
X 
X 



539,447 

X 
X 
X 
2 

X 

2 

X 
X 

82 
102,625 

252,119 

137,309 

46.058 

1,250 

X 

1,250 



658,409 

X 
X 
X 
2 

X 

1 

X 

X 

2 

329 

57,100 

37,554 

91,134 

472,287 

450,409 
21,878 



NOTE: X Not applicable. See Glossary for fiscal year definitions. 



54 



TABLE 35. REFUGEES AND ASYLEES GRANTED LAWFUL PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUS 

BY DECADE AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 

FISCAL YEARS 1946-86 



Region and country of birth 



Total 



1946-50 



1951-60 



1961-70 



1971-80 



1981-86 



All countries . 



Europe 

Albania 

Austria 

Bulgaria 

Czechoslovakia . 

Estonia 

Germany 1 

Greece 

Hungary 

Italy 

Latvia 

Lithuania 

Netherlands 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Spain 

U.S.S.R 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe .... 



>sla 

Afghanistan 
Cambodia ... 

China 2 

Hong Kong . 
Indonesia .... 

Iran 

Iraq 

Japan , 

Korea 

Laos 

Syria 

Thailand 

Turkey 

Vietnam 

Dther Asia .., 



=gypt 

Ethiopia 

3ther Africa . 



:eania 



|irth America 

;uba 

I Salvador 

Jicaragua 

Wier North America 

uth America 

:hile 

>ther South America 



known or not reported . 



2,116,417 

878,173 

3.909 

16.941 

4.961 

32.965 

11,281 

100.692 
30,583 
72,387 
63,044 
38,294 
27,370 
17,614 

187,476 

5,062 

47,494 

10,170 

113.283 
84,385 
10,262 

759,974 

14,001 
89,975 
37,331 

8,243 
17,194 
18,235 
13,730 

4,512 

4,602 
125,889 

3,220 
15,766 

6,111 

390,284 

10,881 

24,093 

8,508 

13,298 

2,287 

157 

451,296 

445,871 

644 

1,662 

3,119 

2,595 

875 
1,720 

129 



213,347 

211,983 

29 

4,801 

139 

8.449 

7,143 

36,633 

124 

6,086 

642 

21,422 

18,694 

129 

78,529 

12 

4,180 

1 

14,072 

9,816 

1,082 

1,106 



319 

118 
3 

4 
603 

59 

20 

8 

12 

7 

163 

3 

1 
159 

32 

32 
36 



492,371 

456,146 

1,409 
11,487 

1,138 
10,719 

4,103 
62,860 
28,568 
55,740 
60,657 
16,783 

8,569 
14,336 
81,323 

3,650 

12,057 

246 

30,059 

44,755 

7,687 

33,422 

1 

12,008 
1,076 
8,253 
192 
130 
3,803 
3,116 

119 

15 

1,427 

2 

3,280 

1,768 

1,354 

61 

353 

75 

831 

6 

1 
824 

74 

5 
69 

55 



212,843 

55,235 

1,952 

233 

1,799 

5,709 

16 

665 

586 

4,044 

1,198 

49 

72 

3,134 

3,197 

1,361 

7,158 

4,114 

871 

18,299 

778 

19,895 



5,308 

2.128 

7,658 

58 

119 

554 

1,316 

383 

13 

1,489 

7 

862 

5,486 

5.396 

2 

88 

21 

132,068 

131,557 

1 

3 

507 

123 

4 
119 

15 



539,447 

71,858 

395 

185 

1,238 

3.646 

2 

143 

478 

4,358 

346 

16 

23 

8 

5,882 

21 

6,812 

5,317 

31,309 

11,297 

382 

210,683 

542 

7,739 

13,760 

3,468 

222 

364 

6,851 

56 

65 

21,690 

1,336 

1,241 

1,193 

150,266 

1,890 

2,991 

1,473 

1,307 

211 

37 

252,633 

251,514 

45 

36 

1,038 

1,244 

420 
824 

1 



658,409 

82,951 
124 
235 
647 

4,442 

17 

391 

827 

2,159 

201 

24 

12 

7 

18,545 

18 

17,287 

492 

36,972 

218 

333 

494,868 

13,458 

82,236 

5,936 

1,571 

1,061 

17,503 

6,630 

96 

105 

104,199 

1,378 

14,497 

1,399 

240,009 

4,790 

13,828 

277 

1 1 ,928 

1,623 

17 

65,601 

62,791 

598 

1,621 

591 

1,122 

446 
676 

22 



Includes Federal Republic of Germany and German Democratic Republic. 
Includes Mainland China and Taiwan. 
Represents zero. 
MOTE: See Glossary for fiscal year definitions. 



55 



TABLE 36. REFUGEES AND ASYLEES GRANTED LAWFUL PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUS BY REGION AND 

SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 
FISCAL YEARS 1977-86 



Region and country 
of birth 



1977 



1978 



1979 



1980 



1981 



1982 



1983 



1984 



1985 



1986 



All countries 

Europe 

Austria 

Bulgaria 

Czechoslovakia 

Germany 

Germany, Fed. Rep 

Hungary 

Poland 2 

Romania 

Spain 

U.S.S.R 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

Afghanistan 

Cambodia 

China 

China, Mainland 

Hong Kong 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Iraq 

Laos 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Syria 

Thailand 

Turkey 

Vietnam 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Angola 

Ethiopia 

Sudan 

Other Africa 

Oceania 

North America 

Caribbean 

Cuba 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

El Salvador 

Nicaragua 

Other Central America 
Other North America .... 

South America 

Born on board ship 

Unknown or not reported 



78,485 

6,520 

8 

70 

138 

21 



271 
504 
722 
602 
3,972 
44 
168 

3,451 

44 

976 

ft 

68 

7 

21 

78 

383 

109 

7 

3 

3 

110 

6 

95 

1,435 

106 

85 

36 
49 



68,171 
68,065 

67,985 
80 
63 

4 

6 

53 

43 

258 



132,781 

7,258 

14 

97 

247 

14 

(') 

332 

608 
1,070 

318 

4,342 

44 

172 

96,659 

18 

3,607 

1,076 

ft 

121 

5 

31 

15 

156 

4,259 

8 

3 

87 

84 

129 

90 

86,777 

193 

227 

1 
183 

43 

10 

28,477 
28,343 

28,299 
44 
53 
10 
7 
36 
81 

150 



45,128 

4,353 

12 

107 

326 

7 

(') 
286 
878 
699 
116 

1,791 

22 

109 

28,070 

91 

1,366 

934 

ft 

126 

7 

7 

13 

1,128 

3,475 

8 

4 

38 

103 

172 

37 

20,481 

80 

414 

399 

1 
14 



12,240 
12,143 

12,130 
13 
28 
5 
5 
18 
69 

50 



88,057 

13,304 

10 

83 

618 

12 

(') 

258 

976 

1,088 

137 

9,862 

41 

219 

63,260 
431 

2,716 

1,751 

ft 

176 

5 

123 

124 

768 

13.843 

160 

7 

83 

176 

926 

163 

41,537 

271 

806 

3 
662 

2 
139 

17 

10,247 
10,141 

10.056 
85 
67 

4 

1 

62 

39 

423 



107,573 

11,306 

5 

44 

428 

26 

(') 

123 

679 

1,222 

70 

8,423 

17 

269 

89,362 

1,610 

12,642 

1,454 

ft 

467 

17 

113 

366 

710 

15,727 

253 

7 

230 

352 

1,233 

327 

53.463 

391 

1,643 

1 

1,456 

11 

175 



5,030 
4,844 

4,815 

29 

163 

9 

136 

18 

23 

227 

3 



156,601 

19,475 

11 
106 
592 
(') 

34 

212 

830 

2,348 

71 

14,647 

30 

594 

131,089 

1,340 
13,309 
( 3 ) 

1,867 

442 

10 

286 

701 

1,648 

36,398 

348 

17 

261 

728 

2,661 

752 

69,523 

798 

1,659 

2 

1,381 

4 

272 



4,125 
3,917 

3,885 

32 

192 

178 
14 
16 

242 

4 
5 



102,685 

10,226 

33 

82 

687 

(') 

34 

238 

2,673 

1,757 

87 

4,404 

21 

210 

85,298 

2.321 

17.957 

( 3 ) 

547 

262 

17 

127 

1,450 

1,092 

23,503 

98 

20 

326 

127 

2,798 

154 

34,285 

214 

2,456 

37 

2,209 

37 

173 



4,547 
4,142 

4,118 

24 

386 

22 

317 

47 

19 

156 



92,127 

16,068 

76 

140 

936 

ft 

84 

455 

5,601 

3,226 

73 

5,206 

60 

211 

68,399 

3.032 
1 1 .663 

( 3 ) 

643 

183 

22 

222 

3,544 

1.862 

12.094 

146 

30 

338 

89 

2,216 

65 

32,033 

217 

2,322 

66 

2,018 

66 

172 



5,146 
4,599 

4,560 

39 

512 

112 

319 

81 

35 

178 



95,040 

14,008 

57 

141 

958 

(') 

92 

588 

4,813 

4,426 

77 

2,638 

58 

160 

62,035 

2,555 

13.365 

ft 

728 

100 

41 

165 

5,420 

951 

8,921 

85 

59 

323 

59 

2,349 

59 

26,775 

80 

3,201 

40 

2,762 

180 

219 



15,667 
15,090 

15,080 

10 

556 

166 

347 

43 

21 

124 



104,383 

11,868 

53 

134 

841 

(') 

100 

543 

3,949 

4,308 

114 

1.654 

32 

140 

58,685 

2,600 

13.300 

( 3 ) 

618 

117 

35 

148 

6,022 

367 

7.556 

81 

68 

459 

23 

3,240 

42 

23,930 

79 

2,547 

29 

2,102 

121 

295 

1 

31,086 
30,356 

30,333 

23 

682 

289 

324 

69 

48 

195 



9 



1 Prior to fiscal year 1982, data for Federal Republic of 
Germany and German Democratic Republic are included in 
Germany. 

' Beginning fiscal year 1980, data for Danzig are included in 



Poland. 

J Prior to fiscal year 1982, data for Mainland China and 
Taiwan are included in China. 

- Represents zero. 



56 



TABLES 37-42 



NONIMMIGRANTS 



TABLE 37. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED CLASS OF ADMISSION 

AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF LAST RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEARS 1975, 1978, 1981, 1984, AND 1986 



Region and country of 
last residence 



All classes 1 (in thousands) 



1975 



1978 



1981 



1984 



1986 



Visitors for pleasure (in thousands) 



1975 



1978 



1981 



1984 



All countries . 



Europe 

Austria 

Belgium 

Czechoslovakia 

Denmark 

Finland 

France 

German Democratic Rep. 

Germany 

Germany, Federal Rep. ... 

Greece 

Hungary 

Iceland 

Ireland 

Italy 

Luxembourg 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Poland 3 

Portugal 

Romania 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

U.S.S.R 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 



Asia 

Cambodia 

China ' 

Cyprus 

Hong Kong 

India 5 

Indonesia 8 

Iran 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Kuwait 

Lebanon 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Saudi Arabia 

Singapore 

Sri Lanka 

Syria 

Thailand 

Turkey 

United Arab Emirates 
Other Asia 



Africa 

Egypt 

Kenya 

Liberia 

Morocco 

Nigeria 

South Africa 
Other Africa . 



6,284 

1,623 

22 

35 

5 

27 

17 

174 

( 2 ) 
320 

ft 
31 

7 

4 

29 

113 

2 
79 
35 
22 
14 

2 
47 
57 
71 
11 
483 
16 

2 

1,092 

1 

20 

1 

35 

37 

8 

29 

51 

792 

3 

20 

3 

8 

5 

9 

32 

6 

4 

1 

2 

12 

7 

Z 

7 

63 

7 
3 
2 
2 
9 
20 
21 



8,290 

2,483 

33 

62 

5 

44 

24 

272 

ft 

481 

ft 

38 

9 

8 

43 

155 

3 

139 

50 

23 

21 

5 

69 

96 

119 

11 

750 

20 

4 

1,430 

Z 

38 

1 

41 

48 

12 

118 

71 

874 

10 

32 

10 

16 

10 

14 

52 

30 

10 

2 

5 

13 

9 

2 

13 

116 

13 

4 

4 

4 

21 

32 

36 



11,757 

4,537 

58 

118 

5 

62 

42 

441 

ft 

754 

ft 

66 

13 

11 

102 

264 

5 

217 

84 

41 

33 

6 

144 

174 

183 

10 

1,669 

29 

6 

2,290 

Z 
111 

3 
75 
88 
21 
17 
131 
1,372 
17 
77 
15 
26 
33 
28 
100 
57 
27 

5 

8 
21 
18 

6 
34 

225 

34 

6 

6 

8 

54 

61 

55 



9,293 

3,199 

47 

66 

6 

55 

37 

353 

45 

I 2 ) 

527 

49 

12 

8 

66 

235 

4 

144 

71 

28 

24 

5 

104 

122 

160 

5 

998 

19 

7 

2,449 

Z 

145 

5 

103 

81 

27 

28 

116 

1,440 

14 

80 

21 

26 

40 

24 

105 

65 

37 

5 

8 

28 

15 

11 

25 

199 

25 

5 

6 

7 

42 

61 

53 



10,471 

3,801 

56 

82 

6 

73 

44 

448 

2 

( 2 ) 

656 

55 

15 

9 

98 

275 

5 

168 

85 

55 

29 

5 

118 

141 

183 

8 

1,152 

25 

8 

2,796 

Z 

187 

6 

112 

97 

35 

31 

137 

1,681 

14 

102 

21 

17 

36 

30 

110 

49 

38 

5 

7 

26 

17 

11 

26 

194 

24 

7 

6 

7 

52 

45 

53 



5,060 

1,160 

17 

23 

3 

18 

13 

122 

ft 

254 

( 2 ) 
16 

5 

3 
23 
75 

1 
56 
19 
16 

9 

1 
30 
39 
54 

2 

349 

11 

2 

784 

Z 

6 

1 

17 

19 

3 

13 

37 

643 

2 

4 

1 

4 

2 

4 

12 

1 

3 

1 

1 

5 

4 

Z 

3 

30 

4 
1 
1 
1 

2 

13 

8 



6,643 

1,832 

27 

44 

4 

31 

18 

192 

ft 

382 

ft 

22 

7 

7 

34 

105 

2 

104 

31 

17 

16 

2 

46 

71 

94 

3 

557 

13 

3 

1,006 

Z 

14 

1 

25 

28 

6 

68 

51 

706 

4 

8 

4 

10 

5 

8 

28 

10 

5 

1 

3 

7 

5 

1 

7 

59 

7 
2 
2 
2 
8 
22 
15 



9,515 

3,601 

49 

91 

3 

45 

31 

341 

ft 

618 

I 2 ) 

37 

10 

9 

88 

189 

4 

165 

50 

34 

23 

3 

109 

135 

150 

4 

1,388 

21 

4 

1,704 

Z 
53 

2 
54 
57 
11 
12 
102 
1,155 

8 
29 

8 
16 
21 
18 
60 
27 
19 

2 

5 
12 
11 

3 
18 

130 

21 

4 

4 

5 

25 

45 

24 



6,595 

2,195 

35 

40 

4 

34 

25 

229 

35 

ft 

381 

31 

9 

6 

51 

162 

3 

91 

42 

25 

16 

3 

69 

75 

118 

2 

692 

13 

5 

1,789 

Z 
74 

2 
68 
50 
16 
22 
84 
1,203 

7 
25 
11 
18 
22 
14 
63 
35 
24 

2 

5 
16 

9 

7 
10 

119 

15 

3 

4 

4 

23 

44 

26 



See footnotes at end of table. 



58 



TABLE 37. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED CLASS OF ADMISSION 

AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF LAST RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEARS 1975, 1978, 1981, 1984, AND 1986— Continued 



Region and country of 
last residence 



All classes' (in thousands) 



1975 



1978 



1981 



1984 



1986 



Visitors for pleasure (in thousands) 



1975 



1978 



1981 



1984 



Oceania 

Australia 

Fiji 

New Zealand ' 

Other Oceania 

North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Antigua-Barbuda 

Bahamas. The 

Barbados 

Bermuda 

British Virgin Is 

Cayman Islands 

Cuba 

Dominica 

Dominican Republic .. 

Guadeloupe 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

Martinique 

Netherlands Antilles .. 

Trinidad & Tobago 

Turks & Caicos Is 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama e 

Other North America ... 

South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Paraguay 

Peru 

Suriname 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Other South America ... 

Unknown or not reported 



202 

121 

3 

51 

25 

2,845 

343 

1,977 

380 

10 

85 

9 
22 

5 

6 

1 

3 
78 

3 
20 
77 

2 
15 
24 

1 

20 

144 

6 
25 
21 
28 
20 
19 
26 

Z 

460 

88 

7 

99 

19 

65 

27 

5 

3 

42 

2 

6 

98 

Z 



286 

176 

4 

79 

26 

3,218 

420 

2,099 

468 

7 

128 

13 

30 

6 
11 

3 

1 
74 

5 
33 
80 

5 
21 
39 

2 

12 

231 

9 
41 
39 
51 
29 
25 
38 

Z 

758 

104 

17 

91 

32 

113 

58 

9 

4 

34 

4 

9 

283 

Z 



379 

230 

5 

109 

34 

2,817 
135 

1,768 

614 

9 

172 

19 

4 

4 

5 

7 

19 

78 

9 

43 

112 

5 

27 

81 

4 

18 

300 

11 

43 

39 

83 

47 

25 

52 

1 

1,449 
227 

23 
201 

62 
206 

82 

11 
8 

72 
6 

21 
530 

Z 

60 



345 

233 
6 

91 
15 

2,048 
157 

815 
747 

11 

214 

24 

7 

4 
24 
10 

5 
89 

4 

74 

115 

4 
40 
97 

6 
15 
329 
11 
55 
43 
86 
56 
21 
57 

Z 

831 

83 

18 

174 

45 

170 

47 

15 

6 

68 

9 

10 

186 

Z 

219 



394 

259 

6 

110 

19 

2,105 

145 
810 
820 

15 

253 

25 

7 

6 
26 

2 
11 
95 

5 

79 

145 

6 
37 
75 

7 
18 
329 
12 
62 
51 
71 
60 
16 
58 

Z 

968 

181 
18 

251 
44 

159 
62 
15 
6 
62 
10 
13 

148 
Z 

213 



150 

93 

2 

35 

20 

2,579 

258 

1,908 

299 

6 

78 

6 

18 

4 

5 

1 

2 

68 

3 

13 

54 

1 

12 

18 

1 

6 

112 

4 

20 

17 

23 

14 

14 

20 

Z 

357 

77 

4 

70 

12 

48 

21 

4 

2 

35 

2 

4 

81 

Z 



231 
143 

4 
66 
18 

2,900 

335 

2.007 

376 

4 

119 

9 

25 

5 

9 

2 

1 

61 

4 

18 

58 

4 

17 

32 

2 

9 

182 

6 

35 

32 

42 

19 

20 

29 

Z 

615 

89 

12 

62 

21 

88 

49 

6 

3 

26 

3 

6 

250 

Z 



315 

188 

4 

95 

27 

2,480 

75 

1.634 

526 

7 

163 

15 

3 

3 

4 

5 
16 
65 

8 
30 
93 

4 
23 
70 

3 

14 

245 

8 
36 
33 
74 
32 
20 
42 

Z 

1,256 

206 

18 

164 

48 

173 

71 

8 

6 

60 

5 

17 

481 

Z 

30 



273 

181 

5 

76 

11 

1,558 

86 
669 
564 

8 

199 

17 

5 

3 
19 
10 

3 
56 

3 
51 
66 

4 
29 
78 

5 

10 

239 

8 
38 
34 
66 
38 
17 
40 

Z 

605 

62 

11 

128 

32 

129 

37 

9 

4 

51 

6 

7 

130 

Z 

57 



306 

197 

4 

92 

13 

1,551 

70 

636 

612 

11 

230 

18 

5 

5 
19 

1 

7 
63 

4 
54 
85 

5 
25 
59 

6 

15 

232 

8 
44 
37 
50 
40 
13 
41 

Z 

723 

146 

11 

192 

28 

116 

49 

10 

4 

47 

8 

9 

102 

Z 

37 



' Excludes classes of admission processed as nonimmigrants in the following years: for all countries - 1975 - 799,951 returning resident aliens; 1978 
- 1,053,602 returning resident aliens; 1984 - 63,263 parolees. 2,260 withdrawals and stowaways, and 68,504 refugees; 1986 - 67,483 parolees, 17,547 
withdrawals and stowaways, and 51,165 refugees. A total of 58,329 refugee admissions were reported separately on initial admittance documents. See 
Refugee section of text. 

2 Prior to fiscal year 1984, data for Federal Republic of Germany and German Democratic Republic are included in Germany. 

3 Beginning fiscal year 1981, data for Danzig are included in Poland. 
* Includes Mainland China and Taiwan. 

s Beginning fiscal year 1978, data for Portuguese India are included in India. 

6 Beginning fiscal year 1978. data for Portuguese Timor are included in Indonesia. 

7 Prior to fiscal year 1984, data for Niue are included in New Zealand. 

8 Beginning fiscal year 1981, data for Canal Zone are included in Panama. 

NOTE: Totals may not add due to rounding. Fiscal year 1975 began July 1, 1974 and ended June 30, 1975. 
Z Less than 500 arrivals. 



59 



TABLE 38. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED CLASS OF ADMISSION 

AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 

FISCAL YEAR 1986 



Region and country 
of citizenship 


All 
classes' 


Foreign 
govern- 
ment offi- 
cials 2 


Temp, 
visitors for 
business 


Temp. 

visitors for 

pleasure 


Transit 
aliens J 


Treaty 
traders 
and 
inves- 
tors 2 


Students 


Spouses 

and 
children 

of 
students 


Temp, 
workers 

and 
trainees 


Spouses 

and 
children 
of temp, 
workers 

and 
trainees 




10,471,024 

4,046,399 

62.795 

78,971 

7,156 

77,561 

48.070 

472.092 

1,891 

669,599 

57,393 

15,605 

10.089 

111,585 

294.061 

194.036 

87,040 

57,376 

37,387 

5,791 

129,303 

149,091 

168,663 

8,172 

1,265,821 

27,701 

9,150 

2,873,395 

396 

203.830 

5,326 

75,544 

120,992 

35,912 

42,561 

141,449 

1,704.010 

20,815 

121,590 

11,378 

478 

26.567 

39,917 

38.323 

122,976 

36,093 

32,502 

7,987 

9,218 

25.921 

20.032 

1,930 

27,648 

191,556 

26,522 
4.779 
5,015 
7,787 

50.033 


93,726 

27,691 

304 
742 
120 
305 
502 

2,876 
97 

3,715 

361 

187 

90 

248 

2,231 
962 
826 
223 
681 
95 

1,930 
722 
748 

1,096 

8,009 
347 
274 

26,770 

936 

32 

29 

1,522 

1,303 

10 

2,616 

5,487 

1,156 

1,632 

556 

1 

248 

556 

1,285 

2,035 

3,548 

811 

148 

59 

687 

353 

2 

1,758 

7,819 

1.869 

57 

395 

627 

720 


1,937,929 

896,606 

13,389 

20,947 

741 

19,347 

10,384 

108.296 

306 

138,595 

6,317 

2,388 

1,757 

15,273 

70,935 

55,289 

18,646 

3,107 

4,781 

753 

26,822 

45,446 

31,962 

1,556 

293,246 

4,540 

1,783 

434,982 

23 

53,278 

430 

14.680 

24,213 

4,354 

3,357 

27,048 

212,826 

2,095 

32,008 

1,047 

9 

4,352 

5,106 

5,176 

18,922 

3,185 

7,260 

1,741 

982 

5,213 

4,039 

93 

3,545 

41,973 

4,552 
585 
908 

1.206 
14,026 


7,341,988 

2,751,018 

44,302 

49,357 

5,052 

49,555 

31,379 

316,156 

1,111 

480,400 

38,844 

1 1 ,086 

6,569 

85,090 

193,331 

120.703 

54.097 

50,125 

25.796 

3,440 

81,653 

88.411 

124,188 

2.784 

863,296 

18,367 

5,926 

2,012,373 
331 

93,086 

2,433 

48.821 

72,175 

19,927 

33.226 

96,181 

1,378,889 

11,504 

39,974 

4,428 

452 

16,218 

19,955 

23,454 

67,661 

16,084 

19,479 

3,825 

5,742 

13,784 

10.997 

1.694 

12.053 

102,328 

15,556 
2,964 
3,074 
3,973 

26,610 


243,859 

75,775 

789 

774 

812 

1,700 

346 

5,941 

19 

4,424 

5,468 

184 

21 

514 

10,401 

3,560 

5,063 

1,367 

3,920 

1,245 

4,906 

1,692 

830 

155 

20,173 

1,126 

345 

79,186 

2 

12,759 

66 

4,691 

4,066 

1,797 

99 

952 

10,229 

386 

20.070 

26 

2 

443 

877 

1,057 

17,972 

165 

601 

310 

593 

635 

548 

38 

802 

4,098 
474 

31 

76 

93 

908 


103,714 

44,970 

604 

1.145 

5 

856 

1,111 

6.954 

5 

11,192 

56 

4 

1 

616 

3,363 

1,774 

817 

7 

22 

1,356 

39 

2,167 

11,971 
890 

15 

55,127 

3,580 

1 

62 

27 

10 

683 

3,352 

40,748 

2 

4,009 

7 

3 

18 

355 

1,995 

7 

21 

5 

3 

159 

65 

15 

63 

14 
9 

2 
6 


261,205 

47,222 

502 

894 

13 

882 

668 

5,889 

2 

5,780 

4,266 

78 

721 

1,138 

3,585 

2,313 

2,743 

164 

532 

9 

3,329 

1,956 

3,039 

12 

8,176 

404 

127 

131,828 

8 

18,023 
1,607 
5,055 
9,303 
6,204 
3,087 
1,535 

22,057 
4,443 

12,569 

3,756 

2 

3,469 

10.309 
4,104 
2.433 
7,543 
3.176 
791 
1,347 
4,206 
1,850 
15 
4,936 

13,326 

929 
641 
305 
983 
5,105 


27,149 

1,518 

16 

46 

2 

30 

21 

170 

122 

81 

9 

179 
23 
85 
57 
93 
34 
29 

70 
45 
85 

2 

272 

44 

3 

19,580 

3,155 
34 
72 
708 
381 
638 
361 

1,267 
192 

4,553 

1,142 

72 

1,096 

241 

107 

4,135 

99 

117 

80 

107 

79 

1 

943 

1,410 

204 

14 

35 

22 

581 


85,359 

27,794 
661 
501 

118 

409 

185 

3,005 

156 

2,151 

424 

321 

34 

1,601 

1,508 

879 

341 

498 

111 

47 

1,478 

1,026 

753 

371 

10,716 

426 

74 

14,810 

2 

1,570 

29 

507 

1,380 

49 

102 

1,436 

3,551 

34 

865 

20 

205 

94 

140 

3.988 

83 

222 

78 

13 

99 

243 

1 

99 

1,314 
89 

4 

11 

81 

310 


13,710 




6,098 




57 




138 




9 




59 




87 




724 


German Democratic Rep 


1 
447 




44 




61 




19 




290 


Italy 


181 




221 




88 




98 




20 




4 




198 




353 




205 


U.S.S.R. .. 


7 




2,712 




52 




23 




3,283 




1 


China' 


326 




1 




43 




419 




16 




100 




1,061 




650 




11 




195 




5 




_ 




37 




29 




52 




170 


Saudi Arabia 


11 


Singapore 


20 




43 




4 




9 




52 




_ 




28 




491 




53 




1 




1 




4 




32 







See footnotes at end of table. 



60 



TABLE 38. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED CLASS OF ADMISSION 

AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 

FISCAL YEAR 1986— Continued 



Region and country 
of citizenship 



Interna- 
tional 
repre- 
senta- 
tives 



Repre- 
senta- 
tives ot 
foreign 
informa- 
tion 
media' 



Ex- 
change 



Spouses 

and 
children 
of ex- 
change 
visitors 



Fian- 
ces(ees) 
of U.S. 
citizens 



Children 
of fian- 
ces(ees) 
of U.S. 
citizens 



Intracom- 
pany 

transfer- 
ees 



Spouses 

and 
children 
of intra- 
company 
transfer- 
ees 



NATO 
offi- 
cials' 



Unknown 



All countries 

Europe 

Austria 

Belgium 

Czechoslovakia 

Denmark 

Finland 

France 

German Democratic Rep 

Germany, Federal Rep 

Greece 

Hungary 

Iceland 

Ireland 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

U.S.S.R 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

Cambodia 

China' 

Cyprus 

Hong Kong 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Kuwait 

Laos 

Lebanon 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Saudi Arabia 

Singapore 

Sri Lanka 

Syria 

Thailand 

Turkey 

Vietnam 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Egypt 

Ethiopia 

Liberia 

Morocco 

Nigeria 

See footnotes at end of table. 



59,378 

22,194 

394 

946 

90 

520 

371 

3.686 

115 

2,390 

268 

197 

127 

388 

1,143 

1,297 

413 

239 

386 

97 

775 

885 

393 

1.595 

4,863 

369 

247 

11,802 

24 
894 
102 

60 
2,352 
257 
323 
402 
1.058 
149 
307 

88 

10 

254 

241 

775 

1,962 

80 

65 
458 
132 
280 
505 

42 
982 

7,233 
797 
327 

63 
274 

545 



16,919 

8,967 

119 

181 

17 

124 

119 

1,095 

17 

1,310 

47 

53 

14 

148 

975 

343 

406 

27 

47 

2 

519 

303 

159 

116 

2,752 

55 

19 

5,174 

126 

12 

22 

101 

10 

6 

141 

4,009 

1 

410 

6 

21 

32 

33 

135 

6 
33 

1 

7 
53 

9 

189 

15 
4 

8 
32 



130,416 

67,484 

747 

1,319 

109 

2,264 

2,069 

7,477 

46 

10,128 

627 

565 

317 

5,009 

3,490 

2,728 

1,983 

777 

437 

53 

4,492 

3,412 

1,871 

285 

16,375 

733 

171 

33,257 

9,127 
541 
427 

2,210 
959 
129 

2,693 

7,165 
473 

1,523 

162 

1 

797 

898 

924 

848 

647 

213 

313 

99 

557 

723 

10 

1,818 

7,516 

1,136 

81 

112 

406 

829 



32,591 

9,245 

161 
258 
17 
144 
273 
1,218 

1,236 
136 
381 
132 
189 
645 
349 
258 
460 
114 
5 
476 
354 
416 
26 

1,708 

248 

41 

15,904 

2,948 

27 

46 

875 

450 

175 

2,349 

4,859 

224 

1,476 

57 

34 

442 

273 

134 

553 

83 

90 

54 

51 

203 

1 

500 

1,728 

629 

8 

21 

49 

227 



7,147 

1,436 

11 
16 
1 
19 
11 
89 

308 

61 
1 

2 

65 

71 

36 

19 

76 

100 

16 

42 

36 

24 

2 

381 

45 

4 

3,867 

2 

256 

1 

56 

80 

11 

62 

75 

206 

16 

604 

1 

23 

28 

11 

2.276 

20 
1 
18 
54 
24 
17 
25 

141 

23 
S 
3 

15 
5 



923 



143 

1 



2 
1 

7 

55 
3 

1 
4 
5 
3 
1 
6 
3 
1 
2 
1 
2 

43 
1 

1 

520 

9 



3 
2 

415 



66,925 

33,067 

535 

918 

24 

683 

323 

4,748 

9 

3.253 

142 

42 

55 

649 

1.369 

1.898 

417 

91 

249 

13 

771 

2,771 

1,192 

79 

12,725 

42 

69 

14,660 

3 

2.429 

8 

633 

940 

101 

296 

718 

6,433 

68 

731 

38 

271 

126 

253 

1,085 

27 

223 

42 

56 

25 

94 

3 

57 

1,077 

111 

19 

7 

36 

71 



41,093 

18,892 

201 

589 

25 

380 

218 

3,291 

4 

1.980 

60 

48 

46 

327 

624 

1,221 

252 

71 

97 

8 

469 

1,631 

620 

86 

6,613 

9 

22 

9,926 

1,318 

2 

335 

603 

83 

259 

518 

4,464 

61 

608 

40 

119 

106 

185 

834 

17 

173 

24 

31 

44 

39 

2 

61 

825 

69 

23 

4 

7 
21 



6,969 

6,274 

2 
200 

282 

2 

470 

3 

2,113 

188 

4 

11 

119 

403 

577 

6 

62 

3 

15 

7 

9 

1,789 
3 
6 

333 

7 

5 
12 

4 

8 

94 



1 
1 
3 
4 
2 
3 

4 

1 

163 



24 

5 



13 

3 



61 



TABLE 38. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED CLASS OF ADMISSION 

AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 

FISCAL YEAR 1986— Continued 



Region and country 
of citizenship 



All 
classes' 



Foreign 
govern- 
ment offi- 
cials 2 



Temp, 
visitors for 
business 



Temp. 

visitors for 

pleasure 



Transit 
aliens 3 



Treaty 
traders 
and 
inves- 
tors'' 



Students 



Spouses 

and 
children 

of 
students 



Temp 
workers 

and 
trainees 



Spouses 

and 
children 
of temp, 
workers 

and 
trainees 



South Africa 

Other Africa 

Oceania 

Australia 

Fiji 

New Zealand 

Other Oceania 

North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Antigua 

Bahamas, The 

Barbados 

Cayman Islands 

Cuba 

Dominica 

Dominican Republic 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

Netherland Antilles 

St. Kitts-Nevis 

Trinidad & Tobago 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

Other North America 

South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Paraguay 

Peru 

Sunname 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Other South America 

Stateless 

Unknown 

See footnotes at end of table. 



40,970 
56,450 

365,056 

239,515 

5,231 

105,863 

14.447 

1,900,415 

61,577 

770,072 

749,932 

13,398 

228,093 

23,474 

14,759 

3,193 

34,196 

66.700 

86,330 

146,961 

20,892 

9,602 

75,061 

27,273 

318,720 

10,658 

56,388 

53,652 

68,941 

57,321 

19,447 

52,313 

114 

963,136 

180,913 

19,172 

240,216 

48,477 

162,351 

60.298 

17,716 

5,780 

65,726 

9,033 

15,011 

138,402 

41 

10.069 

120.998 



384 
3,767 

5,902 

4,742 

73 

781 

306 

12,917 

1,303 

2,177 

5,743 

144 

1,432 

567 

5 

177 

373 

770 

359 

1,184 

25 

73 

313 

321 

3,694 

133 

349 

925 

373 

816 

119 

979 



11,065 

936 

252 

3,076 

1,148 

1,163 

1,270 

151 

182 

1,177 

150 

164 

1,396 



1.562 



9,368 
11,328 

60,702 

44,207 

549 

13.931 

2,015 

323,885 

12,750 

127,642 

129,832 

2,923 

14,647 

3,961 

2,923 

488 

7,621 

16,634 

19,504 

38,863 
5,079 
1,436 

11,339 
4,414 

53,612 
2,087 

10,205 
7,250 

15,071 

8,819 

1.722 

8,458 

49 

157,645 

24,503 

4,136 

38,777 

10.064 

29.519 

6,720 

3.889 

899 

9.396 

1.015 

2,541 

26,177 

9 

1.434 

20.702 



26.094 
24.057 

278,330 

178.978 

3,570 

86.482 

9,300 

1,396,185 

8,602 
602,672 
560,971 

9,916 

208,039 

16,804 

11,377 

2,093 
23,477 
44,047 
59.745 
85,954 
14,324 

7,801 

58,738 

18,656 

223,885 

7,146 
40,478 
38.382 
47,877 
37,368 
15,073 
37,561 
55 

709,040 

143,648 

11.688 

184,041 

30,151 

116,985 

46.682 

11,558 

3,629 

48,519 

6.936 

10,431 

94,745 

27 

7,915 

84,799 



604 
1,912 

6,204 

2,108 

795 

1,637 

1.664 

49,192 
613 

9,851 
19,736 

72 

834 

917 

93 

57 

1.314 

2.729 

5.180 

6.279 

152 

101 

707 

1,301 

18,989 

721 

2,337 

3,919 

2,190 

7,298 

1,397 

1,127 

3 

23,658 

3,285 

1,002 

3.040 

2,640 

4.503 

3,010 

1,168 

541 

1,453 

342 

437 

2,235 

2 

368 

5,378 



23 



84 

65 
1 

12 
6 

710 

121 

73 

148 

3 
2 

1 
7 
8 
7 
16 
83 

7 

14 

368 

1 

169 

10 

6 

100 

65 

17 



2,262 

676 
108 

53 

20 

1,158 

8 

2 

64 

18 

76 

24 

55 



22 

476 



931 
4.432 

2,486 

1,111 

81 

378 

916 

39,517 

9.287 

9,704 

12,617 

238 

2,668 

408 

349 

15 

390 

624 

886 

1,850 

1,091 

96 

2,884 

1.118 

7,909 

281 

792 

1,184 

1,040 

1,691 

186 

2,735 



22,959 

1.509 
919 

3,169 
663 

4,384 

1,387 
268 
119 

1,841 
247 
174 

8.279 



147 
3.720 



139 
415 

238 

149 
17 
38 
34 

2,003 
724 

648 
303 

2 

75 

3 

4 

2 

10 

16 

12 

44 

7 

1 

81 

46 

328 

3 

64 

54 

68 

64 

35 

40 



1,972 

255 

35 

390 

118 

229 

60 

13 

10 

116 

4 

22 

720 



3 
425 



544 
275 

1,404 

1,139 

1 

254 

10 

35,511 

12.382 

7.234 

14,994 

36 

70 

513 

33 

516 

902 

114 

11.558 

20 

51 

144 

1,037 

901 

16 

172 

219 

258 

43 

86 

107 



3,916 

807 

55 

666 

304 

706 

67 

57 

4 

425 

9 

62 

754 



342 
58 

381 

295 

3 

81 

2 

2,510 

1,665 

580 

157 

11 
4 

2 
22 
51 

28 
3 

30 

6 

108 

1 
37 
18 
25 

3 
12 
12 



842 

199 
3 

169 
81 

100 
25 
11 

71 

16 
167 



61 
549 



9 
96 



62 



TABLE 38. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED CLASS OF ADMISSION 

AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 

FISCAL YEAR 1986— Continued 



Region and country 
of citizenship 



Interna- 
tional 
repre- 
senta- 
tives'' 



Repre- 
senta- 
tives of 
foreign 
informa- 
tion 
media'' 



Ex- 
change 
visitors 



Spouses 

and 
children 

of ex- 
change 

visitors 



Fian- 
ces(ees) 
of U.S. 
citizens 



Children 
of fian- 

ces(ees) 
of U.S. 
citizens 



Intracom- 
pany 

transfer- 
ees 



Spouses 

and 
children 
of mtra- 
company 
transfer- 
ees 



NATO 
offi- 
cials' 



Unknown 



South Africa 

Other Africa 

Oceania 

Australia 

Fiji 

New Zealand 

Other Oceania 

North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Antigua 

Bahamas, The 

Barbados 

Cayman Islands 

Cuba 

Dominica 

Dominican Republic 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

Netherland Antilles . 

St. Kitts-Nevis 

Trinidad & Tobago .. 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

Other North America 

South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Paraguay 

Peru 

Suriname 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Other South America 

Stateless 

Unknown 



109 
5,118 

1,258 

820 
32 

350 
56 

6,217 

1,118 

951 

2,186 

19 

89 

117 

307 
104 
277 
326 
532 

13 

16 
309 

77 
1,962 

32 
268 
396 
350 
275 
441 
200 



9,832 

1,611 

489 

1.406 

1,559 

1,183 

425 

318 

157 

1,197 

95 

664 

728 



24 



818 



58 
72 

468 

405 

1 

61 

1 

942 

96 

611 

159 

1 

11 

2 

1 
35 
71 
10 

8 

1 

4 

15 

76 

31 
5 

11 
3 
1 

25 



1,040 
291 

11 

311 

94 

136 

48 

6 

16 

19 

11 

43 

52 

2 

3 

136 



853 
4.099 

2,927 

1,958 

64 

827 

78 

11,606 

3.216 

2,405 

1,498 

41 

84 

86 

1 

5 

204 

236 

129 

376 

11 

15 

102 

208 

4,480 

200 

1,023 

619 

1,143 

636 

85 

774 

7 

6,425 

918 
257 
2,068 
613 
911 
326 

66 
102 
437 

37 

169 

520 

1 

27 

1,174 



261 
533 

1,066 

801 
16 

228 
21 

2,302 

1,041 

614 

183 

11 
4 
3 

18 
78 
20 
26 

1 

14 

8 

464 
13 

163 
60 
90 
75 
18 
45 



2,030 

490 

29 

587 

266 

178 

88 

13 

19 

145 

3 

42 

170 



7 
309 



21 
65 

138 

106 

4 

19 

9 

1,105 
384 
454 
189 

4 

4 

1 

8 

11 

33 

11 

93 

5 
12 

7 
78 

2 

22 
7 
6 

21 
5 

15 



341 
26 

8 
69 
36 

74 
18 
22 
3 
51 
1 

9 
24 



6 
113 



173 
30 

101 
23 

1 



49 
1 

6 
5 

15 

10 

8 

1 
3 



16 



626 
207 

2,136 

1,593 

18 

504 

21 

9,439 

5.045 

2.390 

777 

4 

76 

46 

1 

60 
129 

16 
108 

68 

1 

240 

28 
1,227 

17 
185 
377 
295 

90 
139 
124 



6,148 

1,119 
127 

1,301 
464 
701 
104 
113 
19 
479 
68 
156 

1,497 



35 
363 



601 
100 

1,298 

1,017 

5 

270 

6 

6,012 

3,121 

1,908 

375 

29 

31 

2 

3 

32 

85 

5 

31 

16 

128 
13 

608 

3 

87 

221 

134 
15 
59 
89 



3,860 

626 

52 

1,076 

249 

398 
58 
48 
16 

373 
39 
55 

870 



6 
274 



4 

1 

22 

11 

1 
9 

1 

186 

77 

57 

40 

2 

9 

5 



Excludes the following classes of admission processed in the Nonimmigrant Information System: for all countries -- 
67,483 parolees, 17,547 withdrawals and stowaways, and 51,165 refugees. A total of 58,329 refugee admissions were 
reported separately on initial admittance documents. See Refugee section of text. 

2 Includes spouses and unmarried minor (or dependent) children. 

3 Includes foreign government officials and their spouses and unmarried minor (or dependent) children in transit. 
Includes Mainland China and Taiwan. A total of 143,076 nonimmigrant visas were issued to these two countries in fiscal 

year 1986: 91,242 to Taiwan and 51,834 to Mainland China. (SOURCE: Report of the Visa Office, U.S. Department of 
State, 1986) 

- Represents zero. NOTE: See Glossary for detailed descriptions of classes of admission. 



63 



TABLE 39. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY CLASS OF ADMISSION 
FISCAL YEARS 1975, 1978, 1981, AND 1984-86 



Class of admission' 



1975 



1978 



1981 



1984 



1985 



All classes 2 

Foreign government officials and families 

Ambassador, public minister, career diplomatic or consular 
officer (A1) 

Other foreign government official or employee (A2) 

Attendant, servant, or personal employee of A1 and A2 
classes (A3) 

Temporary visitors 

For business (B1) 

For pleasure (B2) 

Transit aliens 

Alien in transit (C1) 

Alien in transit to the U.N. (C2) 

Foreign government official and family in transit (C3) 

Transit without visa (C4) 

Treaty traders and investors and families 

Treaty trader (E1) 

Treaty investor (E2) 

Students 

Academic student (F1) 

Vocational student (M1) 

Spouses and children of students 

Academic student (F2) 

Vocational student (M2) 

International representatives and families 

Principal of recognized foreign government (G1) 

Other rep. of recognized foreign government (G2) 

Rep. of nonrecognized foreign government (G3) 

International organization officer or employee (G4) 

Attendant servant or personal employee of rep.(G5) 

Temporary workers and trainees 

Distinguished merit or ability (H1) 

Performing services unavailable in the U.S. (H2) 

Industrial trainee (H3) 

Spouses and children of temporary workers and trainees (H4) 

Representatives of foreign information media and families (11) 

Exchange visitors (J1) 

Spouses and children of exchange visitors (J2) 

Fiances(ees) of U.S. citizens (K1) 

Children of fiances(ees) of U.S. citizens (K2) 

Intracompany transferees (L1) 

Spouses and children of intracompany transferees (L2) 

NATO officials and families (N1-7) 

Unknown 



6,283,986 

68,426 

11,991 
55,079 

1,356 

5,587,410 

527,387 
5,060,023 

272,987 

187.693 

382 

7,494 

77,418 

35,031 

NA 
NA 

107,495 

107,495 
( 3 ) 
10,465 

10,465 
( 3 ) 

32,624 

4,457 
4,786 

256 
22,194 

931 

56,766 

15,550 

37,460 

3,756 

10,568 

6,058 

46,001 
17,377 

5,740 
686 

12,570 
9,769 

4,013 



8,290,108 

83,786 

15,437 
66,915 

1,434 

7,443,337 

800,652 
6,642,685 

273,123 

186,423 

301 

9,806 

76,593 

50,431 

NA 
NA 

187,030 

187,030 


19,667 

19,667 


44,042 

6,655 

7,675 

227 

28,573 

912 

42,979 

16,838 

22,832 

3,309 

8,294 

9,979 

53,319 
21,778 

5,730 
687 

21,495 
18.521 

5,910 



11,756,903 

84,710 

NA 
NA 

NA 

10,650,592 

1,135.422 
9,515,170 

214,218 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

80,802 

NA 
NA 

240,805 
NA 

NA 
31,056 

NA 
NA 

54,223 
NA 

NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 

44,770 

NA 

NA 

NA 

10,110 

16,708 

80,230 
27,793 

5,456 
742 

38,595 
26,449 

7.124 

142,520 



9,292,732 

89,357 

21,091 
66,383 

1,883 

8,217,996 

1.623,421 
6,594,575 

238,411 

143.227 

1,190 

7,293 

86,701 

90,510 

61,690 
28.820 

227,394 

222,406 

4,988 

29,071 

28,487 

584 

56,557 

8,121 

7,583 

267 

39.456 

1,130 

68,730 

42,473 

23,362 

2.895 

10,831 

19,051 

94,008 
26,919 

6,386 
753 

62,359 

41,264 

7,792 

5,343 



9,539,880 

90,190 

21,168 
67.084 

1,938 

8,405,409 

1,796.819 
6,608,590 

236,537 

138,957 

1,804 

7,010 

88,766 

96,489 

65,406 
31.083 

257,069 

251 ,234 

5,835 

28,427 

27,747 

680 

57,203 

8,316 

6,989 

271 

40,397 

1,230 

74,869 

47,322 

24,544 

3.003 

12.632 

16,753 

110,942 
30.271 

6,975 
832 

65.349 
41.533 

8,323 

77 



1 See Glossary for detailed descriptions of classes of admission. 

2 Excludes classes of admission processed as nonimmigrants in the following years: 1975 - 799,951 returning resident aliens; 1978 - 1,053,602 returning 
resident aliens; 1984 - 63,263 parolees (R1-3), 2,260 withdrawals (R4) and stowaways (R5), and 68,504 refugees (RF); 1985 - 64.487 parolees (R1-3), 3,239 
withdrawals (R4) and stowaways (R5), and 68.044 refugees (RF); 1986 ■ 67,483 parolees (R1-3), 17,547 withdrawals (R4) and stowaways (R5), and 51,165 
refugees (RF). A total of 58,329 refugee admissions were reported separately on initial admittance documents. See Refugee section of text. 

3 M1 and M2 were not classes of admission in 1975 or 1978. 

- Represents zero. NA Not available. NOTE: Fiscal year 1975 began July 1, 1974 and ended June 30, 1975. "Family," "immediate family," and "spouse and 
children" are defined as spouse and unmarried minor (or dependent) children. 



64 



TABLE 40. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED AS TEMPORARY WORKERS, EXCHANGE VISITORS, AND INTRACOMPANY 

TRANSFEREES BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 

FISCAL YEAR 1986 



Region and country of citizenship 



Total 



Workers of 

distinguished 

merit and ability 

(H1) 



Other 

temporary 

workers (H2) 



Industrial 
trainees (H3) 



Exchange 
visitors (J1) 



Intracompany 
transferees (L1 ) 



All countries . 



Europe 

Austria 

Belgium 

Bulgaria 

Czechoslovakia 

Denmark 

Finland 

France 

German Democratic Rep 
Germany, Federal Rep .... 

Greece 

Hungary 

Iceland 

Ireland 

Italy 

Liechtenstein 

Luxembourg 

Malta 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

U.S.S.R 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 



Asia 

Afghanistan 

Bahrain 

Bangladesh 

Brunei 

Burma 

China' 

Cyprus 

Hong Kong 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Iraq 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Kuwait 

Lebanon 

Malaysia 

Maldives 

Nepal 

Oman 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Qatar 

Saudi Arabia 

Singapore 

Sri Lanka 

Syria 

Thailand 

Turkey 

United Arab Emirates 



282,700 

128,345 

1,943 

2,738 

117 

251 

3,356 

2,577 

15,230 

211 

15,532 

1,193 

928 

406 

7,259 

6,367 

26 

117 

43 

5,505 

2,741 

1,366 

797 

113 

6,741 

7,209 

3,816 

735 

39,816 

1,201 

11 

62,727 

9 

142 

277 

17 

69 

13,126 

578 

1,567 

4,530 

1,109 

527 

103 

4,847 

17,149 

575 

3,119 

220 

1,273 

1,118 

14 

139 

869 

1,317 

5,921 

33 

757 

658 

433 

168 

681 

1,060 

124 



54,426 

24,942 
562 
426 

35 

118 

308 

153 

2,765 

153 

1,876 

319 

318 

27 

1,460 

1,339 

1 

28 

6 

771 

237 

440 

89 

46 

1,305 

909 

654 

370 

9,898 

328 

1 

11,449 

1 

30 

1 

1,044 

28 

484 

1,294 

41 

99 

9 

1,347 

2,286 

31 

322 

20 

196 

87 

8 

2 

112 

3,511 

1 

25 

84 

75 

13 

67 

226 



28,014 

1,563 

76 
55 



56 

11 
62 

87 
98 

2 
77 
95 

1 

51 
40 
46 
22 

1 
87 
73 
44 

1 

490 

88 



2,443 



411 
1 
3 
52 
2 
1 
2 
55 

938 
1 

496 

1 
2 



21 
405 

2 
2 
3 

28 

15 

1 



2,919 

1,289 

23 
20 



45 

21 

178 

3 

188 

7 

3 

5 

64 

74 

1 

1 

57 

64 

12 



86 

44 
55 

328 

10 



918 

2 



115 

20 

34 
6 
2 
3 

34 

327 

2 

47 

8 
5 



7 
72 



56 

136 



4 

2 

36 



130,416 

67,484 

747 

1,319 

78 

109 

2,264 

2,069 

7,477 

46 

10,128 

627 

565 

317 

5,009 

3,490 

3 

51 

30 

2,728 

1,983 

777 

437 

53 

4,492 

3,412 

1,871 

285 

16,375 

733 

9 

33,257 

4 

140 

239 

17 

68 

9,127 

541 

427 

2,210 

959 

129 

52 

2,693 

7,165 

473 

1.523 

162 

797 

898 

14 

130 

864 

924 

848 

32 

647 

213 

313 

99 

557 

723 

84 



66,925 

33,067 
535 
918 

4 

24 

683 

323 

4.748 

9 

3,253 

142 

42 

55 

649 

1.369 

22 

36 

6 

1,898 

417 

91 

249 

13 

771 

2,771 

1,192 

79 

12,725 

42 

1 

14,660 

4 



2,429 

8 

633 

940 

101 

296 

37 

718 

6,433 

68 

731 

38 

271 

126 

1 

3 

253 

1,085 

27 
223 
42 
56 
25 
94 
3 



See footnotes at end of table. 



65 



TABLE 40. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED AS TEMPORARY WORKERS, EXCHANGE VISITORS, AND INTRACOMPANY 

TRANSFEREES BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 

FISCAL YEAR 1986— Continued 



Region and country of citizenship 



Total 



Workers of 

distinguished 

merit and ability 

(H1) 



Other 

temporary 

workers (H2) 



Industrial 
trainees (H3) 



Exchange 
visitors (J1) 



Intracompany 
transferees (L1) 



Vietnam 

Yemen (Sanaa) 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Algeria 

Benin 

Botswana 

Burundi 

Cameroon 

Cape Verde 

Central African Rep 

Chad 

Congo 

Djibouti 

Egypt 

Ethiopia 

Gabon 

Gambia, The 

Ghana 

Guinea 

Guinea-Bissau 

Ivory Coast 

Kenya 

Lesotho 

Liberia 

Libya 

Madagascar 

Malawi 

Mali 

Mauritania 

Mauritius 

Morocco 

Mozambique 

Namibia 

Niger 

Nigeria 

Rwanda 

Senegal 

Seychelles 

Sierra Leone 

Somalia 

South Africa 

Sudan 

Swaziland 

Tanzania 

Togo 

Tunisia 

Uganda 

Zaire 

Zambia 

Zimbabwe 

Other Africa 

Oceania 

Australia 

Fiji 

Kiribati 

New Zealand 

Pacific Is, Trust Ter 

Papua New Guinea 

Tonga 

Western Samoa 

Other Oceania 

North America 

See footnotes at end of table 



14 

171 

13 

9,907 

487 
63 

135 
41 

148 
28 
13 
25 
35 
24 
1,336 

104 
16 
65 

240 
47 
17 

125 

284 
68 

130 
24 
51 
68 

103 
34 
46 

523 
15 
17 
36 
1,210 
77 

226 
18 
80 

129 
2,023 

187 
53 

124 
94 

683 

102 

155 

149 

237 
12 

6,467 

4,690 
83 
14 

1.585 
19 
35 
17 
13 
11 

56,556 



1 
1 
3 

1,190 

9 

1 
5 

10 



79 
3 

1 
33 

1 

2 
22 

6 

5 



1 
78 



303 

1 

39 

1 

15 

5 

498 

10 



15 
5 

12 
2 

18 



1,285 

1,05 



230 



1 
79 
30 



2 

1 
30 



67 

42 

1 

18 



45 



16 



52 

46 



11,799 



23,319 



393 



10 

169 

6 

7,516 
457 

32 

130 

41 

134 

24 

12 

25 

35 

24 

1,136 

81 

14 

63 

200 

45 

17 

123 

232 

67 

112 

5 

51 

67 

96 

33 

40 

406 

15 

17 

36 

829 

76 

167 

17 

61 

118 

853 

168 

53 

106 

93 

621 

96 

138 

125 

213 

12 

2,927 

1,958 

64 

13 

827 

6 

35 

9 

5 

10 

11,606 



66 



TABLE 40. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED AS TEMPORARY WORKERS, EXCHANGE VISITORS, AND INTRACOMPANY 

TRANSFEREES BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 

FISCAL YEAR 1986— Continued 



Region and country of citizenship 


Total 


Workers of 

distinguished 

merit and ability 

(H1) 


Other 

temporary 

workers (H2) 


Industrial 
trainees (H3) 


Exchange 
visitors (J1) 


Intracompany 
transferees (L1) 




20,643 

7 

12,029 

17,269 

81 

230 

645 

42 

38 

780 

1.267 

154 

259 

12.042 

99 

67 

546 

499 

486 

34 

6,608 

233 

1,380 

1,215 

1,696 

769 

310 

1,005 

16,489 

2,844 

439 

4,035 

1.381 

2,318 

497 

1 

236 

125 

1,341 

114 

387 

2,771 

123 

2,086 


6,144 

3,217 
1,793 

18 

51 

15 

24 

18 

168 

614 

6 

103 

600 

13 

48 

6 

5 

101 

3 

645 

4 

124 

185 

160 

33 

75 

64 

3,302 

755 
51 
556 
249 
637 
56 

44 

4 

260 

8 

55 

627 

58 

401 


6,042 

3,913 
13,140 

18 

15 

487 

1 

14 

335 

277 

25 

8 

10,951 

7 

3 

498 

461 

39 

1 

224 

11 

39 

21 

93 

9 

9 

42 

424 

27 
3 
25 
43 
45 

13 

164 

4 
100 

1 

118 


196 

104 
61 

4 

11 

6 

1 

13 

11 

3 

7 

4 

1 

32 

1 

9 
13 
5 
1 
2 
1 

190 

25 
1 
85 
12 
24 
11 

1 

1 

3 

27 

2 

30 


3,216 

7 

2,405 

1,498 

41 

84 

86 

9 

5 

204 

236 

120 

129 

376 

11 

15 

36 

27 

102 

17 

4,480 

200 

1,023 

619 

1,143 

636 

85 

774 

6,425 

918 
257 
2.068 
613 
911 
326 
1 

66 
102 
437 

37 
169 
520 

27 

1.174 


5,045 








2,390 




777 




4 




76 




46 




2 


Cuba 






60 




129 




3 


Haiti 


16 




108 




68 


St Kitts-Nevis 


1 




6 


St. Vincent & Grenad 


6 




240 




12 




1,227 




17 




185 




377 




295 




90 




139 




124 




6,148 




1,119 




127 


Brazil 


1,301 


Chile 


464 




701 




104 


French Guiana 






113 




19 




479 




68 




156 




1,497 


Stateless 


35 




363 







' Includes Mainland China and Taiwan. The number of nonimmigrant visas issued in fiscal year 1986 for Mainland China were: 449 H1's, 263 H2's, 
86 H3's. 7,742 J1's, and 515 L1's. The number of nonimmigrant visas issued to Taiwan were: 398 H1's, 88 H2's, 53 H3's, 1,003 J1's, and 380 L1's. 
(SOURCE: Report of the Visa Office, U.S. Department of State, 1986) 

- Represents zero. 

NOTE: See Glossary for detailed descriptions of classes of admission. 



67 



TABLE 41. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED PORT OF ENTRY AND REGION 

AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 

FISCAL YEAR 1986 



Region and country of 
citizenship 



All ports' 



Agana 



Boston 



Chicago 



Dallas 



Honolulu 



Houston 



Los Angeles 



All countries 

Europe 

Austria 

Belgium 

Czechoslovakia 

Denmark 

Finland 

France 

German Democratic Rep 

Germany, Federal Rep 

Greece 

Hungary 

Iceland 

Ireland 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

U.S.S.R 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia , 

Cambodia 

China 2 

Cyprus 

Hong Kong 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Kuwait 

Laos 

Lebanon 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Saudi Arabia 

Singapore 

Sri Lanka 

Syria 

Thailand 

Turkey 

Vietnam 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Egypt 

Ethiopia 

Liberia 

Morocco 

Nigeria 

South Atrica 

Other Africa 

Oceania 

Australia 

Fiji 

See footnotes at end of table 



10,471,024 

4,046,399 

62,795 

78.971 

7,156 

77,561 

48,070 

472,092 

1,891 

669.599 

57,393 

15,605 

10,089 

111,585 

294,061 

194,036 

87,040 

57,376 

37,387 

5,791 

129,303 

149,091 

168,663 

8,172 

1,265,821 

27,701 

9,150 

2,873,395 

396 

203,830 

5,326 

75,544 

120,992 

35,912 

42.561 

141,449 

1,704,010 

20,815 

121,590 

1 1 ,378 

478 

26,567 

39,917 

38,323 

122,976 

36,093 

32,502 

7,987 

9,218 

25,921 

20,032 

1,930 

27,648 

191,556 

26,522 

4,779 

5,015 

7,787 

50,033 

40,970 

56,450 

365,056 

239.515 
5,231 



362,173 

4,038 

81 
34 

77 

48 

253 

470 

3 

5 

5 

25 

139 

155 

32 

6 

134 

1 

40 

77 

149 

1 

2,226 

72 

5 

343,718 

2,919 

2 

878 

226 

1,858 

12 

35 

327,230 

52 

3,254 

1 

1 

6 

105 

16 

6,497 

1 

171 

38 

2 

281 

96 

1 

36 

40 

5 

1 



21 
13 

8,318 

1,216 
77 



201,235 

168,841 

2,367 

3,479 

124 

979 

457 

17,403 

23 

24,083 

2.848 

556 

65 

16,451 

6.873 

4,357 

960 

286 

5,327 

26 

921 

2,391 

10,301 

112 

68,069 

184 

199 

19,137 

9 

467 

290 

320 

2,356 

282 

1,977 

3,963 

2,036 

438 

292 

213 

23 

1,469 

486 

583 

324 

588 

329 

265 

350 

344 

636 

48 

1,049 

3,886 

649 
204 
38 
106 
682 
758 
1,449 

2,876 

2.278 
10 



349,087 

208,668 

3,892 

4,352 

405 

6,223 

1,575 

20,099 

149 

50,291 

3,330 

1,194 

2,196 

1,859 

10,892 

13,974 

4,921 

12,151 

253 

58 

1,710 

10,263 

12,513 

130 

42,526 

2,905 

807 

96,420 

19 

9,431 

383 

3,425 

4,461 

1,125 

3.397 

3,169 

42,157 

2,703 

7,416 

309 

33 

1,233 

2,282 

2,110 

7,198 

984 

623 

255 

831 

715 

889 

95 

1,177 

6,337 

1,173 

209 

55 

86 

1,821 

1,010 

1,983 

3,277 

2.629 
14 



147,724 

68,207 

888 

1,073 

30 

568 

219 

14,794 

10 

17,309 

148 

44 

38 

551 

1,741 

1,396 

680 

54 

126 

8 

813 

1,209 

1,414 

15 

24,886 

93 

100 

12,882 

13 
876 

20 
125 
892 
116 
1,270 
338 
3,757 
161 
210 

28 

70 
243 
136 
434 
267 
533 

95 

71 

135 

2,322 

210 

51 
509 

2,469 

109 

107 
10 
42 
750 
739 
712 

840 

639 



1,044,504 

65,096 

1,051 

411 

51 

1,401 

574 

6.511 

3 

7,701 

108 

31 

25 

1.147 

976 

2,156 

1,258 

60 

663 

7 

286 

3,318 

1,995 

15 

35,143 

105 

100 

815,971 

8 

38,661 

9 

15,958 

1,304 

6,165 

255 

611 

696.235 

97 

13.802 

56 

8 

89 

9,943 

390 

16.936 

321 

8,686 

610 

25 

4,795 

137 

35 

835 

1,029 

67 

24 

9 

17 

34 

575 

303 

146,868 

88,608 
2,354 



267,307 

83,158 

844 

1,490 

35 

861 

309 

8,782 

16 

10.407 

1,108 

117 

20 

854 

3,115 

5,059 

2,313 

83 

169 

16 

3,008 

1,187 

3,682 

18 

39,323 

181 

161 

11,296 

18 
262 

54 

87 
1,300 
154 
912 
746 
1,731 
441 
172 

56 

1 

821 

142 

1,254 

266 

1,297 

70 
118 
250 

85 
446 

89 
524 

3,503 
442 

72 

45 

62 

1,860 

315 

707 

5,872 

3,012 
74 



1,114,777 

358,354 

5,490 

5,850 

453 

1 1 ,604 

4,651 

45,628 

82 

62,064 

1,953 

1,523 

82 

4,340 

18,705 

21,319 

7,427 

1,121 

1,125 

201 

4,998 

19,001 

8,164 

671 

130,105 

1,209 

588 

425,781 

77 

52,326 

205 

11,849 

7,603 

10,888 

9,419 

10.741 

214,130 

2,398 

40,062 

854 

42 

4,193 

10,245 

2,215 

24,763 

2,557 

9,751 

1,019 

1,211 

5,077 

1.199 

469 

2.488 

9,045 

1.961 

442 

32 

222 

2,234 

1.961 

2,193 

96,738 

62,657 
953 



68 



TABLE 41. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED PORT OF ENTRY AND REGION 

AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 

FISCAL YEAR 1986— Continued 



Region and country of 
citizenship 



Miami 



Nassau 



New York 



San 
Francisco 



San Juan 



Seattle 



Washington 



Other 3 



All countries 

Europe 

Austria 

Belgium 

Czechoslovakia 

Denmark 

Finland 

France 

German Democratic Rep 

Germany, Federal Rep 

Greece 

Hungary 

Iceland 

Ireland 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

U.S.S.R 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

Cambodia 

China 2 

Cyprus 

Hong Kong 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Israel 

Japan , 

Jordan 

Korea 

Kuwait 

Laos 

Lebanon 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Saudi Arabia 

Singapore 

Sri Lanka 

Syria 

Thailand 

Turkey 

Vietnam 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Egypt 

Ethiopia 

Liberia 

Morocco 

Nigeria 

South Africa 

Other Africa 

Oceania 

Australia 

Fiji 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,664,379 

397,826 

5,338 

6,101 

278 

3,162 

2,979 

35,590 

69 

67,986 

2.589 

391 

218 

4.224 

19,948 

16,471 

8.186 

395 

3,187 

88 

28.275 

7,148 

16,306 

63 

167.573 

625 

636 

44,485 

4 

3,187 

202 

1,007 

4,859 

401 

911 

8,718 

12,016 

468 

3.303 

443 

8 

1,233 

470 

1,293 

2,003 

615 

344 

401 

302 

273 

1,096 

20 

908 

4,746 

507 

59 

31 

213 

894 

1,177 

1,865 

7,286 

5,832 
24 



203,524 

31,754 

494 

426 

11 

252 

224 

3,329 

1 

4,692 

274 

35 

20 

453 

2,433 

872 

615 

24 

200 

4 

1,095 

854 

1,575 

3 

13,765 

44 

59 

4,964 

45 
30 
90 

459 
24 
64 

552 

2,112 

36 

177 
28 

69 
78 

124 

254 
73 
50 
63 
7 
24 

114 
1 

490 

645 

52 
3 

23 

35 
135 

19 
378 

719 

527 

16 



2,721,182 

1,568,860 

27.479 
30,372 

3,708 

37,992 

26.119 

210.684 

1,280 

211.286 

36,725 

8.465 

5,549 
67,088 
192,827 
68,418 
43.056 
36.414 
19,820 

4,734 
66,000 
81.284 
71,413 

4,513 

293.812 

15.963 

3,859 

550,495 

144 

26,131 

3.276 

9,247 

76,739 

4,223 

13,914 

97,294 

144,800 

11,576 

33,896 

7,925 

89 

12.056 

3.960 

24,472 

17,910 

24,249 

2,798 

3.298 

4,767 

3,931 

11,736 

531 

11,533 

130,227 

17,677 

2,336 

4.529 

5,586 

37,068 

29,624 

33,407 

25,102 

20.236 
96 



448,444 

113,506 
2,136 
2,103 

121 

711 

907 

6,047 

41 

34,365 

528 

161 

74 

1,649 

3,172 

2,694 

1,155 

195 

745 

17 

757 

1,230 

6,199 

113 

47,842 

271 

273 

272,621 

12 

50,819 

61 

15,610 

4,011 

6,648 

2,564 

808 

137.726 

323 

4.054 

258 

24 

377 

5.093 

654 

32.600 

607 

6,173 

272 

107 

2,639 

264 

132 

785 

1,812 
186 

117 
8 
29 
206 
616 
650 

30,768 

27,188 
664 



165,144 

59,197 
974 
800 

47 

865 

597 

10,776 

5 

10,116 

431 

18 

90 

273 

6,293 

4.604 

846 

28 

253 

4 

10,522 

854 

2,505 

3 

8,141 

97 

55 

2,493 

1 

236 

18 

74 

457 

39 

41 

295 

773 

25 

74 

13 

62 

7 

68 

88 

26 

24 

7 

4 

11 

85 

2 

63 

345 

32 

9 

5 

24 

37 

114 

124 

336 

262 

3 



183,421 

52,539 

347 

1,105 

64 

3,314 

2,312 

1,425 

14 

7,797 

202 

93 

32 

404 

754 

8,412 

4,722 

170 

212 

20 

208 

5,519 

869 

67 

14,294 

125 

58 

121,600 

6 

10,833 

12 

8,896 

1,448 

1,835 

406 

279 

73,577 

71 

8,941 

226 

116 

160 

2,782 

220 

5,104 

606 

953 

123 

97 

3,802 

115 

62 

930 

598 

141 
54 

18 

29 

132 

224 

2,917 

2,075 
27 



175,459 

106,905 

1,156 

2,318 

187 

529 

970 

21,302 

17 

17,792 

789 

540 

51 

991 

3,879 

1,906 

1,025 

271 

191 

92 

1,281 

1,861 

2,422 

1,621 

44,884 

470 

360 

25,323 

21 

219 

205 

68 

3,303 
274 

2,367 

1,766 

6,543 

680 

227 

463 

9 

1,319 
310 

1,452 
464 

1,128 
107 
428 
217 
255 
658 
69 

2,771 

8,580 

1,116 
667 
63 
176 
937 
479 

5,142 

2,531 

1,955 

7 



1,422,664 

759,450 

10,258 

19,057 

1,642 

9,023 

6,129 

69,469 

181 

143,240 

6,357 

2,432 

1,624 

1 1 ,276 

22.314 

42.243 

9,844 

6,118 

4,982 

515 

9,389 

12,895 

29.156 

827 

333.232 

5,357 

1,890 

126,209 

64 
7,418 

559 

7,910 

11,574 

1.880 

5,052 

12.134 

39,187 

1.346 

5,710 

505 
54 
3,237 
3,878 
3,038 
8,302 
2,508 
2,328 
1,019 

913 
1,367 
2,351 

325 
3,550 

18,294 

2.405 
475 
167 
1,171 
3,346 
3,430 
7,300 

30,608 

20,401 
912 



69 



TABLE 41. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED PORT OF ENTRY AND REGION 

AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 

FISCAL YEAR 1986— Continued 



Region and country of 
citizenship 



All ports' 



Agana 



Boston 



Chicago 



Dallas 



Honolulu 



Houston 



Los Angeles 



New Zealand 

Other Oceania 

North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Antigua 

Bahamas, The 

Barbados 

Cayman Islands 

Cuba 

Dominica 

Dominican Republic 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

Netherland Antilles 

St. Kitts-Nevis 

Trinidad & Tobago 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

Other North America 

South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Paraguay 

Peru 

Suriname 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Other South America 

Stateless 

Unknown 

See footnotes at end of table. 



105,863 
14,447 

1,900,415 

61,577 
770,072 
749,932 

13,398 

228,093 

23,474 

14,759 

3,193 

34,196 

66,700 

86,330 

146,961 

20,892 

9,602 

75,061 

27,273 

318,720 

10,658 

56,388 

53,652 

68,941 

57,321 

19,447 

52,313 

114 

963,136 

180,913 

19,172 

240,216 

48,477 

162,351 

60,298 

17,716 

5,780 

65,726 

9,033 

15,011 

138.402 

41 

10,069 

120,998 



342 
6,683 

565 

49 

25 

459 



29 

424 

32 

2 

5 
2 
1 
1 
21 



86 
4 
1 
30 
11 
1 
3 

1 
23 



12 

8 
5,400 



571 


617 


17 


17 


3,712 


26,507 


1,596 


2,506 


424 


22,179 


1,453 


576 


25 


5 


59 


76 


291 


33 


4 


15 


8 


11 


9 


17 


27 


38 


113 


51 


155 


121 


11 


27 


4 


11 


382 


134 


365 


37 


236 


1,243 


8 


12 


56 


91 


30 


406 


58 


500 


24 


60 


16 


116 


44 


58 


3 


3 


1,348 


1,847 


268 


369 


37 


54 


369 


495 


131 


214 


147 


182 


49 


74 


17 


26 


4 


18 


124 


198 


2 


18 


22 


55 


178 


141 


- 


3 


258 


589 


1,177 


5,442 



201 



59,111 

901 

57,247 
369 

7 
71 
12 

28 

12 
18 
22 
88 

11 

62 
38 

593 
27 

122 

123 
78 

128 

62 

53 

1 

1,847 

432 

85 

347 

137 

221 

68 

13 

6 

337 

1 

69 

131 



88 

2,280 



49,643 
6,263 

5,008 

801 

2,893 

512 

11 

72 

16 

6 

1 

30 

58 

21 

42 

7 

111 
137 
802 

41 
175 

70 
224 
118 

11 
163 



5,136 

1,025 

45 

1,599 

594 

745 

202 

10 

46 

446 

10 

153 

261 



479 
4.917 



2,729 
57 

153,152 

456 

130,453 

794 

2 

31 

14 

243 

172 

31 

38 

29 

100 

17 

1 

74 

42 

21,448 

1,496 

983 

3,954 

7,650 

6,180 

734 

451 

1 

6,601 

743 

279 

620 

315 

726 

204 

20 

32 

445 

5 

116 

3,096 



32 
3,693 



32,359 
769 

169,635 

2,008 

135,753 

1,803 

8 

86 

58 

17 

41 

51 

137 

42 

958 

41 

9 

245 

110 

30,064 

423 

5,247 

10,647 

9,676 

824 

1,361 

1,886 

7 

42,169 

10,338 

384 

15,273 

2,790 

4,086 

2,641 

43 

233 

4,839 

62 

861 

614 

5 

771 

12,284 



70 



TABLE 41. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED PORT OF ENTRY AND REGION 

AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 

FISCAL YEAR 1986— Continued 



Region and country of 
citizenship 



Miami 



Nassau 



New York 



San 
Francisco 



San Juan 



Seattle 



Washington 



Other 3 



New Zealand 

Other Oceania 

North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Antigua 

Bahamas, The 

Barbados 

Cayman Islands 

Cuba 

Dominica 

Dominican Republic 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

Netherland Antilles . 

St. Kitts-Nevis 

Trinidad & Tobago .. 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

Other North America 

South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Paraguay 

Peru 

Suriname 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Other South America 

Stateless 

Unknown 



1,370 
60 

593,121 

2,507 
105,616 
275,401 

2,104 
33.387 

8,457 
13,436 

1.752 
10,087 
19,398 
40.072 
94,403 
10,703 
888 
30.865 

9,849 
209,595 

5,781 
42,077 
28,638 
40,302 
39,015 
13,961 
39,821 
2 

593,059 

97,650 

15,514 

125,784 

30,339 

128,768 

41,908 

3,612 

4,551 

44,545 

8.314 

6.838 

85,221 

15 

165 

23,691 



142 
34 

158,567 

416 

1,562 

155,570 

40 

147.631 

473 

111 

79 

97 

133 

2,977 

2,472 

50 

49 

693 

765 

1,016 

56 

145 

136 

223 

134 

86 

236 

3 

4,678 

1,304 

57 

984 

253 

501 

140 

400 

32 

383 

20 

85 

519 



17 
2,180 



4,653 
117 

195,967 

5,008 

31,974 

151,372 

3,915 

765 

10,574 

87 

627 

10,631 

22,235 

24,484 

34,854 

3,057 

555 

33,854 

5,734 

7,575 

129 

867 

623 

772 

579 

405 

4,200 

38 

216,349 

57,745 

917 

62,457 

9,125 

15,251 

1 1 ,657 

11,376 

577 

7,652 

333 

5,472 

33,778 

9 

1,798 

32.384 



2,750 
166 

22,314 

1,399 

17,105 

626 

4 

109 

35 

6 

32 

33 

61 

25 

91 

39 

1 

142 

48 

3,183 

31 

115 

1,554 

552 

145 

541 

245 

1 

3,578 
474 

74 

928 

794 

272 

103 

25 

14 

331 

57 

68 

438 



513 
3,332 



67 



77,016 

84 

10,438 

62,887 

3,281 

447 

1,463 

22 

97 

9,596 

20.562 

12,290 

917 

5,604 

1,837 

3,471 

3,300 

3,606 

12 

1,414 

232 

191 

118 

99 

1,540 

1 

20,603 

2,807 

367 

1,211 

855 

4,635 

984 

525 

19 

2.706 

81 

287 

6,123 

3 



5,150 



791 
24 

3,730 
738 

2,547 
181 

8 
21 
11 

6 

13 
10 
11 
43 

3 

3 
47 

5 
264 

8 
54 
15 
34 
45 
34 
74 



549 

84 

10 

117 

90 

81 

13 

4 

4 

49 

8 

10 

79 



134 
1.354 



551 
18 

25,761 

675 
23,564 

862 
6 

311 
20 
4 
81 
23 
73 
76 
96 
10 
15 
97 
50 

660 
79 
91 

134 

105 
74 
84 
93 



3,677 
704 

151 

769 

372 

463 

193 

60 

38 

337 

4 

154 

430 

2 

81 

2,601 



9,077 
218 

406,249 

42,433 
228,292 

97,067 
3,982 

45,027 
2,017 
802 
264 
3,566 
3,912 
6,114 

12,618 
1,312 
6,229 
4,855 
6,369 

38,403 
2.555 
4.949 
7,085 
8,574 
9,876 
1.936 
3.428 
54 

61,609 

6.966 

1,197 

29,233 

2,457 

6,272 

2,059 

1,585 

205 

3,311 

118 

821 

7,381 

4 

5,132 

15,113 



' Excludes the following classes of admission processed in the Nonimmigrant Information System: for all countries -■ 67,483 parolees, 17,547 
withdrawals and stowaways, and 51,165 refugees. A total of 58,329 refugee admissions were reported separately on initial admittance documents. 
See Refugee section of text. 

1 Includes Mainland China and Taiwan. A total of 143,076 nonimmigrant visas were issued to these two countries in fiscal year 1986: 91,242 to 
Taiwan and 51,834 to Mainland China. (SOURCE: Report of the Visa Office, U.S. Department of State, 1986) 

3 Includes unknown port of entry. 

- Represents zero. 



71 



TABLE 42. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY AGE AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 

FISCAL YEAR 1986 



Region and country of citizenship 



All ages' 



Under 15 
years 



15 - 19 
years 



20 - 24 
years 



25 - 34 
years 



35 - 44 
years 



45 - 64 
years 



65 years 
and over 



Unknown 



All countries 



Europe 

Austria 

Belgium 

Czechoslovakia 

Denmark 

Finland 

France 

German Democratic Rep . 
Germany, Federal Rep .... 

Greece 

Hungary 

Iceland 

Ireland 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

U.S.S.R 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 



Asia 

Cambodia 

China 2 

Cyprus 

Hong Kong 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Kuwait 

Laos 

Lebanon 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Saudi Arabia 

Singapore 

Sri Lanka 

Syria 

Thailand 

Turkey 

Vietnam 

Other Asia 



Africa 

Egypt 

Ethiopia 

Liberia 

Morocco 

Nigeria 

South Africa . 
Other Africa . 



Oceania 

Australia 

Fiji 

New Zealand . 



10,471,024 

4,046,399 

62,795 

78.971 

7,156 

77,561 

48,070 

472,092 

1,891 

669,599 

57,393 

15,605 

10,089 

111,585 

294,061 

194,036 

87,040 

57,376 

37,387 

5,791 

129,303 

149,091 

168,663 

8,172 

1.265,821 

27,701 

9,150 

2,873,395 

396 

203,830 

5,326 

75,544 

120,992 

35,912 

42,561 

141,449 

1.704,010 

20,815 

121,590 

11,378 

478 

26,567 

39,917 

38,323 

122,976 

36,093 

32,502 

7,987 

9.218 

25,921 

20,032 

1.930 

27,648 

191,556 

26,522 

4,779 

5,015 

7,787 

50,033 

40,970 

56.450 

365,056 

239.515 

5,231 

105,863 



850,147 

258,421 

2,878 
4,386 

358 

4,023 

3,084 

34,827 

66 

31,311 

3,403 

1,048 

1,189 

7,625 

13,709 

9,125 

5,467 

2,310 

2,901 

141 
8,666 
8,400 
8,135 

653 

102.316 

1,841 

559 

178,393 

44 

9,456 

261 

5,173 

10.296 

2,927 

4,367 

13,708 

80,310 

2,221 

8,418 

1,666 

56 

2,153 

3,218 

5,224 

12.019 

7,173 

2,420 

772 

769 

1,351 

1,052 

225 

3,114 

16,548 

2,610 

553 

654 

409 

4,398 

3,604 

4,320 

38,886 

26,959 

585 

9.983 



546,847 

231,040 

3,441 

4,141 

112 

6,387 

4,187 

39.670 

25 

46,813 

2,433 

687 

647 

6.589 

14,597 

8.302 

5,539 

1,337 

1,866 

90 

10,496 

9,552 

6,748 

139 

55,569 

1,307 

366 

107,010 

32 
2,958 

323 
3,734 
4,275 
3,077 
1,398 
5,756 
60,016 
1,958 
3,166 

821 
22 
1,583 
2,127 
2,134 
5,319 
1,914 
1,373 

291 

528 
1,231 

987 

95 

1,892 

7,533 

951 

470 

246 

374 

1,570 

1,657 

2,265 

15,987 

10.328 

206 

4,547 



1,137,260 

379,484 

7,517 

6,216 

239 

9,088 

4,111 

44,630 

60 

62,913 

5,969 

729 

1,277 

23,984 

25,046 

15,422 

8,646 

2,700 

3,202 

80 

10,045 

15,331 

21,069 

279 

108,574 

1,630 

727 

444,861 

35 

11,095 
1,806 
9,972 

11,642 
5,235 
2,737 
9,943 
322,001 
4,140 

10,101 

2,813 

33 

4,316 

10,550 
4,604 
9,132 
6,682 
4,772 
740 
1,289 
3.189 
2,433 
193 
5,408 

18,420 
1,984 
403 
424 
1,567 
4,072 
3.505 
6.465 

33,328 

20,765 

470 

10,290 



2,573,590 

851,441 

14,308 

18,039 

989 

14,975 

10,164 

101,336 

215 

131,179 

1 1 ,975 

2,744 

2,233 

28,240 

68,329 

40,600 

18,933 

15,162 

8,634 

645 

28,061 

29,096 

42.480 

1,543 

253,960 

5,524 

2,077 

893,759 

126 

58,601 

1,107 

22,271 

28,143 

7,729 

6,838 

26,396 

586,303 

4,470 

36,484 

3,814 

74 

6,279 

11,095 

10,028 

34,351 

12,310 

12,114 

2,141 

1,949 

7,304 

5,012 

598 

8,222 

58,607 

6,882 

851 

1,543 
2,523 

18.443 
9.928 

18,437 

77,562 

50,904 

1,205 

21,805 



2,213,197 

921,206 

15,141 

19.627 

1,566 

18,757 

12.939 

113.165 

299 

141,373 

10,816 

3,451 

1,894 

18,267 

68,243 

48,141 

21,584 

14,325 

8,326 

1,070 

31,118 

38,929 

35,068 

2,082 

286,396 

6,480 

2,149 

524,087 

54 

45.856 

592 

15,730 

23,447 

6,746 

7,020 

32,207 

288,692 

3,105 

27,327 

1,263 

41 

4.122 

6.583 

7,194 

26.478 

3,846 

6,316 

1,782 

1,245 

5,949 

3,771 

306 

4.415 

45,320 

5.623 
1.105 
1,087 
1,480 

12,924 
9,116 

13,985 

81,672 

55,578 

1,144 

21,616 



2,555,840 

1,127,792 

16,026 

22,458 

2,670 

19,387 

11,201 

114,322 

825 

207,913 

17,039 

5,008 

2,342 

20,654 

88.936 

57,040 

21,537 

18,055 

9,653 

2,412 

34,195 

39.663 

45,235 

3,049 

356,607 

8,922 

2,643 

602,319 
82 

61,599 
1.018 

15,278 

34,897 
8.999 

15,557 

41,044 

312,124 

4,165 

30,342 

826 

145 

6,804 

5,543 

7,869 

28,121 
2,732 
4,774 
1,945 
2,776 
5,947 
5,547 
353 
3,832 

37,923 

7,090 
1,158 
911 
1,231 
7,955 
9,965 
9,613 

94,866 

61,143 

1,375 

29,503 



560,982 

266,826 

3,368 
3,899 
1,202 
4,735 
2,318 

23,067 
397 

46,808 

5,524 

1,894 

457 

5,906 

14.423 

14.826 
5,073 
3,342 
2,624 
1,329 
6,199 
7,788 
9.595 
398 

99,140 

1,914 

600 

116,821 

19 

13,690 

206 

3,252 

7,918 

1,093 

4,275 

12,011 

52,350 

661 

5,369 

134 

103 

1,210 

739 

1,114 

7,210 

1,062 

686 

295 

604 

855 

1.164 

154 

647 

6,381 

1,280 
193 
124 
169 
451 
3,098 
1,066 

22,049 

13.419 

230 

7.883 



See footnotes at end of table. 



72 



TABLE 42. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY AGE AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 

FISCAL YEAR 1986— Continued 



Region and country of citizenship 



All ages' 



Under 15 
years 



15- 19 
years 



20 • 24 
years 



25 -34 
years 



35 - 44 
years 



45 - 64 
years 



65 years 
and over 



Unknown 



Other Oceania 

North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Antigua 

Bahamas, The 

Barbados 

Cayman Islands 

Cuba 

Dominica 

Dominican Republic 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

Netherland Antilles 

St. Kitts-Nevis 

Trinidad & Tobago . 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

Other North America 

South America , 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Paraguay 

Peru 

Surname 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Other South America 

Stateless 

Unknown 



14,447 

1,900,415 

61,577 
770,072 
749,932 

13,398 

228.093 

23,474 

14,759 

3,193 

34,196 

66.700 

86,330 

146,961 

20,892 

9,602 

75,061 

27.273 

318,720 

10.658 

56,388 

53.652 

68,941 

57,321 

19,447 

52,313 

114 

963,136 

180.913 

19,172 

240,216 

48,477 

162,351 

60,298 

17,716 

5,780 

65.726 

9,033 

15,011 

138,402 

41 

10,069 

120,998 



1,359 

222,235 

4,650 

95,588 

81,048 

1.737 

28.046 

2,922 

2.060 

145 

4,104 

6,750 

6,965 

12,875 

2,546 

957 

9,373 

2,568 

40,942 

1,424 

7,745 

7,164 

8,889 

7,031 

2,654 

6,035 

7 

124,526 

25,001 
2,403 

34,740 
4,517 

21,314 
8.509 
1,481 
635 
7,621 
1,161 
1,105 

16,037 
2 

443 

10,695 



906 

119,344 

4,469 
54,511 
41,263 

820 

16.269 

1,080 

1,239 

166 
2,261 
3,489 
3,022 
6.026 
1,147 

465 

3,628 

1,651 

19,091 

612 
3,448 
3.093 
3,818 
3,327 

782 

4,011 

10 

59,184 

9.229 

1,129 

20,497 

2,268 

8,739 

3,823 

708 

298 

3,972 

541 

626 

7,352 

2 

299 

6,450 



1.803 

179,996 

10,079 

71,766 

70,845 

1,591 

30,549 

1,820 

2,037 

177 

2,545 

4,702 

5,152 

8,829 

2,009 

1,344 

6,902 

3,188 

27,296 

1,371 

4,185 

4,407 

5,697 

5,497 

906 

5,233 

10 

68,867 

8,936 

1,725 

18,130 

2,569 

12,223 

5,218 

1,333 

486 

4,566 

833 

825 

12.017 

6 

875 

1 1 ,429 



3,648 

469,326 

19,967 
176,076 
202,838 

3,825 
61,015 

6,477 

3,764 
410 

7,853 
15.204 
24,680 
44,187 

5,097 

3,886 
18,208 

8,232 
70,409 

2,719 
12,652 
11,155 
15,205 
14,686 

3.608 

10,384 

36 

194,146 

27,938 
4,156 

52,117 
9,542 

36,015 

13,327 
4,964 
1,307 

12,526 
2,072 
3,014 

27.157 
11 

2,085 

26,664 



3,334 

402,539 

12,986 
152,569 
169,715 

3,009 
44,916 

5,325 

2,872 
643 

8,273 
16,686 
20,647 
39,091 

5,118 

1,625 
15,539 

5,971 
67,246 

1,888 
12,272 
11,162 
14,310 
12,458 

4,383 

10,773 

23 

211,805 

40.419 

3,975 

54,473 

12,599 

35,617 

12,513 

4,353 

1,155 

14,366 

1,957 

3,151 

27,220 

7 

1,972 

24,596 



2,845 

409,495 

8,411 
174,768 
152,608 

1,951 
40,415 

4,808 

2,246 

1,169 

7,717 
16,603 
20,311 
29.862 

4,242 

998 

17,709 

4,577 
73,689 

2,101 
12,902 
12,943 
16,175 
1 1 ,809 

5,409 

12,350 

19 

248,966 

56,246 

4,729 

50,861 

13,765 

39,312 

13,153 

3,939 

1,593 

17,966 

2,187 

4,988 

40,215 

12 

3,307 

31,172 



517 

88,036 

874 

40.888 

27,972 

407 

5.573 

977 

471 

465 

1,239 

2,896 

5,086 

5,522 

653 

289 

3,438 

956 

18,294 

505 

2,834 

3,425 

4,423 

2,195 

1,626 

3.286 

8 

51,318 

12,451 

948 

8,528 

3,051 

7,991 

3,386 

879 

280 

4,422 

255 

1,242 

7,884 

1 

1,064 

8,487 



35 

9,444 

141 

3,906 

3,643 

58 

1,310 

65 

70 

18 

204 

370 

467 

569 

80 

38 

264 

130 

1,753 

38 

350 

303 

424 

318 

79 

241 

1 

4,324 

693 

107 

870 

166 

1,140 

369 

59 

26 

287 

27 

60 

520 



24 
1,505 



' Excludes the following classes of admission processed in the Nonimmigrant Information System: for all countries -- 67,483 parolees, 17,547 
withdrawals and stowaways, and 51.165 refugees. A total of 58,329 refugee admissions were reported separately on initial admittance documents. 
See Refugee section of text. 

1 Includes Mainland China and Taiwan. A total of 143,076 nonimmigrant visas were issued to these two countries in fiscal year 1986: 91,242 to 
Taiwan and 51,834 to Mainland China. (SOURCE: Report of the Visa Office, U.S. Department of State. 1986) 

- Represents zero. 



73 



TABLES 43-53 



NATURALIZATIONS 




TABLE 43. PETITIONS FOR NATURALIZATION FILED, PERSONS NATURALIZED, 

AND PETITIONS FOR NATURALIZATION DENIED 

FISCAL YEARS 1907-86 



Year 



Petitions 
filed 



Persons naturalized 



Total 



Civilian 



Military 



Not reported 



Petitions 
denied 



1907-86 ... 

1907-10 .., 
1911-20 ... 
1921-30 ... 
1931-40 ... 
1941-50 ... 
1951-60 ... 

1961-70 ... 

1961 

1962 

1963 

1964 

1965 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 

1970 

1971-80 ... 

1971 

1972 

1973 

1974 

1975 

1976 

1976 TQ 

1977 

1978 

1979 

1980 

1981-86 ... 

1981 

1982 

1983 

1984' .... 

1985 

1986 



12,378,103 

164,036 
1,381.384 
1,884,277 
1,637.113 
1,938,066 
1,230,483 

1,142,985 

138,718 
129.682 
121,170 
113,218 
106.813 
104,853 
108,369 
103,085 
102,317 
114,760 

1,556,307 

109.897 
121,883 
126,929 
136,175 
149,399 
157,932 
41,220 
186,354 
168.854 
165,434 
192.230 

1,443,452 

171,073 
201,507 
187,719 
286,440 
305,981 
290,732 



11,535,684 

111,738 

1,128,972 
1,773,185 
1,518.464 
1,987,028 
1,189,946 

1,120,263 

132,450 
127,307 
124,178 
112,234 
104,299 
103,059 
104,902 
102,726 
98,709 
110,399 

1,464,772 

108,407 
116,215 
120,740 
131,655 
141,537 
142,504 
48,218 
159,873 
173,535 
164,150 
157,938 

1,241,316 

166,317 
173,688 
178,948 
197.023 
244,717 
280,623 



10,893,308 

111,738 

884,672 
1,716,979 
1,498,573 
1,837,229 
1,148,241 

1,084,195 

130,731 
124,972 
121,618 
109,629 
101,214 
100,498 
102,211 
100.288 
93,251 
99.783 

1,397,846 

98,858 
107,740 
112,944 
124,807 
135,323 
136,873 

46,705 
154,568 
168,409 
158,276 
153,343 

1,213,835 

162,227 
170,071 
175,678 
192,113 
238,394 
275,352 



634,930 



244,300 
56.206 
19,891 

149,799 
41,705 

36,068 
1,719 
2,335 
2,560 
2,605 
3,085 
2,561 
2,691 
2,438 
5,458 

10.616 

66,926 

9.549 
8,475 
7.796 
6.848 
6,214 
5,631 
1,513 
5,305 
5,126 
5,874 
4,595 

20,035 

4,090 
3,617 
3,196 
2.965 
3,266 
2.901 



7,446 



7,446 



74 
1,945 
3,057 
2,370 



516,063 

17,702 
118.725 
165,493 
45,792 
64,814 
27,569 

23,557 

3,175 
3,557 
2,436 
2,309 
2,059 
2,029 
2,008 
1,962 
2,043 
1,979 

27,978 

2,028 
1,837 
1,708 
2,210 
2,300 
2,231 
568 
2,845 
3,894 
3.987 
4,370 

24,433 

4,316 
3,994 
3,160 
3,373 
3,610 
5,980 



Due to the problems with the newly automated naturalization system, data on naturalizations for fiscal year 1984 are incomplete. Workload data 
on petitions granted, an approximation of actual naturalizations, indicate that nearly 23,000 naturalization cases are missing from the Chicago. 
Houston, and San Francisco districts. The missing cases are arrayed as follows: Chicago, 7,000 of 14,000 cases are missing; Houston, 3.000 of 
4,500; and San Francisco, 13,000 of 27,000. These missing cases are not necessarily randomly distributed within each district. 

- Represents zero. 

NOTE: The data reported in this table represent court actions--the number of naturalization petitions filed with courts and the number of persons 
naturalized or denied in court hearings. An application for naturalization processed by the INS may be filed with the courts, recommended denied to 
the courts, returned to the applicant for more information, or nonfiled (withdrawn by the applicant). Approximately 17 percent of the completed 
applications to file a petition for naturalization currently are nonfiled and 10 percent are returned each fiscal year. See Glossary for fiscal year 
definitions. 



76 



TABLE 44. 



PERSONS NATURALIZED BY GENERAL AND SPECIAL NATURALIZATION PROVISIONS 
FISCAL YEARS 1981-86 



Naturalization provisions 



1981 



1982 



1983 



1984' 



1985 



1986 



al naturalized 

eral provisions 

clal provisions 

rsons manned to U.S. citizens 

ildren, including adopted children, of U.S. citizen 

parents 

itary 

'ersons who served in the U.S. armed forces for 3 

years 

ersons who served in the U.S. armed forces during 

World War I. World War II. the Korean hostilities, 

or the Vietnam hostilities 

Ddge Act enlistees 

ersons honorably discharged from U.S. armed 

forces following service in World War II 

ler 

jrvivmg spouses of citizen members of the armed 

forces of the United States 

nployees of nonprofit organizations engaged in 

disseminating information promoting U.S. 

interests 

rsons who served on certain U.S. vessels 

itionals but not citizens of the United States 

lilippine citizens who entered the United States 

prior to May 1, 1934, and have resided 

continuously in the United States 

rtain inhabitants of the Virgin Islands who 

renounced Danish citizenship 

rmer U.S. citizens who lost citizenship by 

marriage 

U.S. citizens who lost citizenship by entering 

the armed forces of foreign countries during 

World War II 

sons naturalized under private law 

ported 



166,317 

139.909 

26,408 

14,147 

8.083 
4,090 



4.079 
2 



88 

51 



1 
11 



173,688 

146.785 

26,903 

14,929 

8,333 
3,617 

158 



3,454 
5 



24 

4 



178,948 

154.990 

23,884 

13,146 

7,485 
3,196 

570 



2,626 



57 

8 



1 
27 



74 



197,023 

168.720 

26,358 

14.201 

9,126 
2,965 

919 
2,046 

66 

33 



4 
12 



1,945 



244,717 

214,831 

26,829 

14,461 

9,059 
3,266 

1,312 



1,946 



8 
43 



8 
28 



3,057 



280,623 

251,035 

27,218 

14.416 

9,859 
2,901 

1,330 



1,543 
1 



27 
42 



14 



8 

4 

13 



2,370 



Ije to the problems with the newly automated naturalization system, data on naturalizations for fiscal year 1984 are incomplete. Workload data 
Ititions granted, an approximation of actual naturalizations, indicate that nearly 23,000 naturalization cases are missing from the Chicago, 
l>n. and San Francisco districts. The missing cases are arrayed as follows: Chicago, 7,000 of 14,000 cases are missing; Houston, 3,000 of 
I and San Francisco, 13,000 of 27,000. These missing cases are not necessarily randomly distributed within each district, 
j epresents zero. 



77 



TABLE 45. PERSONS NATURALIZED BY SELECTED NATURALIZATION PROVISIONS 

AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF FORMER ALLEGIANCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1986 



Region and country of 
former allegiance 



Total 
naturalized 



General 
provisions 



Special provisions 



Total 



Married to 
U.S.citrzens 



Children of 
U.S. parents 



Military 



Other 



Not reported 



All countries 

Europe 

Austria 

Belgium 

Czechoslovakia 

France 

German Dem. Rep. 
Germany. Fed. Rep 

Greece 

Hungary 

Ireland 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Spain 

Switzerland 

USSR 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

Afghanistan 

Bangladesh 

Burma 

Cambodia 

China, Mainland 

Cyprus 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Iraq 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Laos 

Lebanon 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Singapore 

Sri Lanka 

Syria 

Taiwan 

Thailand 

Turkey 

Vietnam 

Other Aala 

AfrlM 

Egypt 

Ithiepia .., 

Ghana 

Kenya 

Moreceo 

Nigeria 

South Africa ,.. 

Sudan 

Tanzania 
Other Alrica 



280,623 

44,598 

192 

159 

697 

1,147 

495 

2.753 

2.750 

824 

991 

3,110 

569 

3,140 

4,177 

1,816 

658 

285 

9.370 

8.609 

1,758 

1,098 

134,695 

297 

296 

888 

1.847 

11,151 

168 

10,017 

538 

4,569 

1,659 

2,300 

1,011 

1,819 

18.037 

3.426 

3,011 

315 

2,285 

31,002 

157 

238 

1,096 

4,501 

1,750 

1,019 

30,840 

458 

6,334 

1,888 
474 
497 
226 
253 
211 

1,296 
174 
168 

1,148 



251,035 

41,260 

172 

130 

670 

1,016 

419 

2.433 

2.505 

743 

899 

2.936 

517 

2.885 

3.993 

1.728 

584 

250 

9.162 

7,604 

1,648 

966 

116,926 
279 

265 

854 

1,824 

10,410 

151 
8,982 

479 
3,859 
1,553 
1.998 

867 

1,569 

12,004 

3,378 

2,611 

269 

2,044 

25,160 

138 

214 

956 
4,046 
1,499 

911 
30,281 

325 

5,630 

1,663 
445 
425 
210 
206 
162 

1,222 
162 
162 
973 



27,218 

2,922 

18 

25 

20 

122 

73 

306 

204 

72 

84 

150 

50 

185 

175 

63 

68 

33 

124 

980 

77 

93 

16,976 

17 

31 

32 

21 

672 

15 

932 

58 

695 

91 

293 

142 

243 

5,903 

37 

389 

43 

223 

5,596 

18 

22 

127 

437 

240 

104 

465 

130 

672 

219 
26 
67 
14 
46 
46 
66 
11 
6 

169 



14,416 

1,941 

11 
17 
17 
86 
55 

174 

149 
55 
42 

106 
24 

151 
60 
51 
46 
26 
59 

688 
57 
67 

8,884 

13 

24 

21 

7 

576 

13 
298 

48 
654 

63 
259 

75 

208 

1,590 

7 

309 

39 

154 

3,635 

16 

12 
121 
327 
163 

93 
116 

43 

577 

190 
23 
57 
13 
39 
43 
61 
6 
5 

140 



9,859 

639 

4 

6 

3 
25 

7 
62 
48 

5 
32 
22 

3 

21 

101 

10 

19 

5 

59 

175 

15 

17 

6,811 

3 

7 

8 
14 
84 

2 
619 

4 
31 
23 
32 
59 
32 
4,166 
26 
72 

3 

56 

952 

1 
10 

4 

106 

66 

9 

337 

85 

66 

22 

3 
6 

7 
2 
4 
2 

1 
19 



2,901 

334 

3 
2 

11 

11 

70 

5 

12 

9 

21 

23 

12 

13 

1 

3 

2 

6 

117 

5 



1,271 

1 



11 

15 
6 

10 
5 
2 
8 
3 
145 
4 
8 
1 

13 

1,004 

1 

2 

3 

11 

2 

12 

1 

28 

6 

4 

1 

3 

1 
3 

10 



42 
8 



1 
10 



78 



TABLE 45. PERSONS NATURALIZED BY SELECTED NATURALIZATION PROVISIONS 

AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF FORMER ALLEGIANCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1986— Continued 



Region and country of 
former allegiance 



Total 
naturalized 



General 
provisions 



Special provisions 



Total 



Married to 
U.S.citizens 



Children of 
US parents 



Military 



Other 



Not reported 



Oceania 

Australia 

F* 

Other Oceania 



North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Antigua-Barbuda 

Barbados 

Cuba 

Dominica 

Dominican Republic 

Grenada 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

Tnnidad & Tobago ... 

Other Canbbean 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 



South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Peru 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Other South America 



U.S. possessions . 

Stateless 

Not reported 



1,057 

180 
368 
509 

73,899 

3,787 
27,807 
32,442 

178 

1,036 

13.818 

165 
5.980 

250 
2.608 
6,563 
1,476 

368 
9,863 

366 

968 
2,628 
1,841 
1.400 
1,343 
1,317 

16,925 

1.593 

514 

615 

1.242 

5,156 

1,870 

2,784 

2.180 

337 

468 

166 

13 

1.986 

1,116 



925 

159 
344 
422 

68,459 

3.401 
26,064 
30.599 

157 

980 
13,211 

141 
5.658 

238 
2,441 
6.094 
1.356 

323 
8,395 

302 

814 
2,247 
1,606 
1.203 
1,207 
1.016 

14,949 

1.495 

441 

481 

1,044 

4,363 

1.749 

2.614 

1.922 

305 

397 

138 



1,942 
944 



122 

20 
22 
80 

4,551 
361 

1.549 
1,239 

21 

52 
178 

22 
288 

11 
141 
376 
112 

38 
1,402 

62 
146 
369 
219 
185 
127 
294 

1,814 

86 

65 

130 

186 

729 

110 

149 

238 

32 

62 

27 

13 

39 

109 



76 

12 
13 
51 

2,080 
146 
801 
527 

8 
18 
76 
10 

141 

9 

80 

147 
24 
14 

606 
33 
48 

122 
81 
69 
83 

170 

806 

61 
44 
37 
58 

211 
53 
85 

174 
24 
48 
11 



15 
37 



23 

7 

5 

11 

1,386 

97 

450 

245 

3 

2 

27 

5 

83 

27 

79 

9 

10 

594 

7 

86 

226 

116 

97 

29 

33 

851 

20 

13 

89 

117 

466 

32 

34 

47 

5 

12 

16 



22 

61 



23 

1 

4 

18 

1,079 

118 
297 
464 

10 
32 
75 
7 
64 
2 
33 

150 
77 
14 

200 
22 
12 
21 
22 
19 
15 
89 

154 

5 

8 

4 

11 

50 

25 

30 

17 

2 

2 



2 
10 



13 



10 

1 
2 

7 

889 

25 
194 
604 

4 

429 

2 

34 

1 

26 

93 

8 

7 

66 

2 

8 

12 

16 

12 

9 

7 

162 

12 
8 
4 
12 
64 
11 
21 
20 

9 

1 



5 
63 



Represents zero 



79 



TABLE 46. PERSONS NATURALIZED BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF FORMER ALLEGIANCE 

FISCAL YEARS 1977-86 



Region and country of 
former allegiance 



1977 



1978 



1979 



1980 



1981 



1982 



1983 



1984 ' 



1985 



All countries 

Europe 

Austria 

Belgium 

Czechoslovakia 

France 

Germany 

Germany, Fed. Rep 

German Dem. Rep 

Greece 

Hungary 

Ireland 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Spain 

Switzerland 

U.S.S.R 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

Afghanistan 

Bangladesh 

Burma 

Cambodia 

China 

China, Mainland 

Cyprus 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Iraq 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Laos 

Lebanon 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Singapore 

Sri Lanka 

Syria 

Taiwan 

Thailand 

Turkey 

Vietnam 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Egypt 

Ethiopia 

Ghana 

Kenya 

Morocco 

Nigeria 

South Africa 

Sudan 

Tanzania 

Other Africa 

See footnotes at end of table 



159,873 

47,480 
344 
152 

1,438 
1,137 
4,856 
( 2 ) 
( 2 ) 

6,151 

1,106 

1,168 

7,891 

857 

2,770 

3,739 

769 

886 

335 

535 

9,345 

2,447 

1,554 

56,473 

26 

86 

403 

11 

11,145 



176 

5,574 

388 

836 

483 

1,548 

1,557 

1,381 

10,446 

17 

1.154 

161 

880 

16.145 

75 

75 

546 

f) 
985 
594 

1,412 
369 

2,894 

1,883 
74 
34 
78 

164 
31 

296 
35 
67 

232 



173,535 

47,633 

356 
198 
1,449 
1,096 
4,278 
( 2 ) 
( 2 ) 

5,758 

1,448 

1,047 

8,180 

750 

2,970 

3,599 

1,025 

991 

317 

613 

9,118 

2,881 

1,559 

65,418 

48 

78 

421 

32 

1 1 ,303 

( 3 ) 

134 

6,477 

397 

1,132 

672 

1,419 

1,550 

1,566 

12,575 

23 

1,212 

173 

1,093 

20,218 

75 

116 

634 


1,303 

671 
1,594 

502 

3,194 

1.806 
100 

44 
113 
213 

51 
344 

70 
116 
337 



164,150 

41,760 
281 
156 

1,039 
879 
3,437 
< 2 ) 
( 2 ) 

4.866 

1.075 

928 

7.296 

606 

2.392 

4,073 

884 

911 

208 

762 

8,065 

2,438 

1,464 

63,688 

83 

132 

397 

36 

1 1 ,446 

( 3 ) 

163 

6,001 

295 

1,217 

754 

1,280 

1,336 

1,383 

13,406 

33 

1,223 

169 

1,189 

17,749 

78 

144 

626 

< 3 ) 
1,284 

720 
1,839 

705 

2,667 

1,373 

87 

51 

107 

160 

62 

235 

48 

129 

415 



157,938 

35,191 

268 

114 

775 

741 

2,922 

( 2 ) 

( 2 ) 

3,685 

893 

697 

5,410 

534 

1.996 

3,631 

866 

702 

205 

1,211 

7,282 

2,021 

1,238 

67,402 

71 
146 
354 

74 
12,524 

( 3 ) 

142 
6,552 

283 
1,591 

823 
1.280 
1,759 
1,424 
14,703 
34 
1,221 

194 

1,103 

17,683 

87 

136 

668 
O 
1,406 

776 
1,828 

540 

2,587 
1,213 

99 

64 
122 
183 

50 
228 

35 
124 
469 



166,317 

35,235 

201 

142 

553 

798 

2,841 

( 2 ) 

I 2 ) 

3,668 

794 

688 

4,287 

541 

1,948 

3,237 

1,076 

644 

187 

2,566 

8,120 

1,925 

1,019 

73,516 

83 

207 

280 

398 

12,048 

( 3 ) 

223 

7,233 

230 

1,677 

1,037 

1,706 

1,216 

1,376 

13,258 

199 

1,386 

180 

1,373 

16,976 

92 

155 

625 

( 3 ) 
1,396 

751 
8,846 

565 

2,693 

988 

73 

91 

205 

189 

53 

260 

25 

109 

700 



173,688 

36,541 

206 
136 
434 
895 
( 2 ) 

2,681 

245 

4,397 

771 

657 

4,078 

559 

2,121 

3,085 

953 

678 

174 

3.390 

8,456 

1,729 

896 

80,189 

77 
223 
334 
571 

( 3 ) 

9,969 
237 

8,298 
235 

1,636 
904 

1,796 

1,125 

1,362 

13,488 

557 

1,729 
194 

1,523 

17,697 

102 

142 

703 

1.658 

1,537 

839 

12,716 

537 

3,264 

1,046 
112 
117 
204 
174 

72 
446 

54 
141 
898 



178,948 

33,870 

209 
129 

409 
854 

( 2 ) 

2,529 

425 

3,458 

639 

821 

3,685 

516 

2,428 

2,736 

908 

537 

189 

2,855 

7,882 

1,682 

979 

84,555 

61 
273 

441 
486 

( 3 ) 
9,318 

187 
8,819 

292 
1.868 
1.320 
1,793 
1,106 
1,311 
12.808 

812 
2.205 

186 

1,593 

22.103 

110 

135 

644 
2,634 
1,564 

745 
11,188 

553 

3,292 

1.109 
130 
158 
183 
173 

97 
550 

97 
136 
659 



197,023 

34,898 

222 

150 

410 

1,003 

I. 2 ) 

2,600 

423 

3,068 

859 

682 

3.576 

492 

2,117 

2,907 

1,131 

735 

209 

4.038 

7.631 

1,675 

970 

87,261 

82 
275 

477 
512 

( 3 ) 
9,143 

274 
8,294 

330 
2,268 
1,043 
1,851 
1,108 
1,264 
14.019 

968 
2,439 

230 

1,690 

23.487 

109 

247 

732 
2,758 
1,396 

845 
11,039 

381 

4,276 

1,556 
150 
246 
162 
173 
109 
809 
108 
125 
838 



244,717 

45,599 

208 

189 

480 

1,145 

I 2 ) 

2,865 

487 

4,283 

845 

911 

3.816 

585 

2,939 

3,579 

1,400 

710 

309 

8,935 

8,833 

1.908 

1,172 

113,084 
154 
337 
855 
860 

( 3 ) 

11,743 

233 

10,357 

489 

3,431 

1,571 

2,117 

1,053 

1.628 

16,824 

1,616 

2,964 

305 

1.950 

28.954 

118 

267 

902 

3.407 

1.518 

932 

18.060 

439 

5,305 

1,803 
258 
284 
212 
185 
166 
954 
274 
166 

1.003 



80 



TABLE 46. PERSONS NATURALIZED BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF FORMER ALLEGIANCE 

FISCAL YEARS 1977-86— Continued 



Region and country of 
former allegiance 



1977 



1978 



1979 



1980 



1981 



1982 



1983 



1984 ' 



1985 



1986 



Oceania 

Australia 

Fiji 

Other Oceania 

North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Barbados 

Cuba 

Dominica 

Dominican Republic .. 

Grenada 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

Trinidad & Tobago 

Other Canbbean 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Peru 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Other South America ... 

U.S. possessions 

Stateless or not reported 



760 
287 
145 
328 

43,085 

3.759 
6.301 

29,931 
529 

20.506 

1,904 
30 
1.870 
3,849 
1.179 
64 
3,094 

348 
470 
401 
541 
415 
919 

8,302 

1.574 
287 
604 
539 

2.029 
880 
980 
850 
264 
216 
79 

17 

862 



692 

240 
115 
337 

45,389 

3.594 

8.662 

29,315 

666 
16.053 

2,504 
28 
2,273 
6,459 
1,258 
74 
3,818 

398 
695 
579 
707 
509 
930 

10,777 

1,730 

344 

784 

636 

2.663 

1,257 

1,415 

1,261 

384 

213 

90 



430 



668 

209 
136 
323 

44,161 

3.085 
8.046 

29,138 
780 

13.317 

3,350 
55 
2,567 
7,632 
1,351 
86 
3,892 

435 

770 
525 
698 
463 
1.001 

10,825 

1,350 

237 

612 

551 

2,923 

1,187 

1.779 

1,533 

363 

203 

87 



376 



637 

195 
140 
302 

41,785 

2,823 

9.341 

25,426 

538 
12.717 

3,392 
56 
1.748 
5.840 
1,074 
61 
4,195 

417 
988 
652 
619 
724 
795 

10,065 

1.183 

276 

453 

586 

2.940 

1.189 

1.452 

1,369 

332 

212 

73 

1 

270 



681 

184 
184 
313 

43,808 

2,662 

9,545 

26,846 

631 
11,329 

29 
5,720 

67 
1,990 
5,791 
1,195 

94 
4,755 

451 
1,252 
636 
756 
656 
1,004 

10,126 

1,025 

251 

407 

549 

3,203 

1,290 

1,596 

1,193 

313 

225 

74 

14 

244 



802 

180 
223 
399 

42,567 

2,672 

11,423 

23,630 

620 

9,551 

89 

5,369 

80 

2,083 

4.565 

1,118 

155 

4,842 

2 

442 

1,187 

785 

728 

664 

1.034 

10,243 

1.021 

237 

461 

529 

3,161 

1,219 

1,788 

1,184 

286 

259 



82 



691 

170 
168 
353 

44,110 

2.937 

12,594 

23,718 

650 

10,365 

98 

4,828 
269 

2,169 

3,938 
958 
443 

4,861 
108 
438 

1,126 
952 
768 
616 
853 

10,688 

1,006 

298 

409 

760 

2,952 

1,177 

2,217 

1,217 

328 

234 

90 

27 

1,715 



709 

154 
156 
399 

54,808 

3,403 
14,575 
30,833 

804 
15.756 

110 
4,875 

294 
2,592 
4,666 
1,192 

544 
5,997 

138 

663 
1.380 

968 
1,063 

762 
1.023 

13,092 

1,235 

319 

488 

915 

3,543 

1,458 

2,844 

1,451 

406 

326 

107 



1,979 



166 
317 
386 

61,761 

3.824 
23,042 
26,899 

885 
10,487 

205 
5,887 

267 
2,545 
4,809 
1,280 

534 
7,996 

265 

819 
2,119 
1,408 
1,219 

965 
1,201 

15,227 

1,456 

484 

655 

1,213 

4.136 

1.739 

2,628 

1,969 

458 

348 

141 

22 

2,850 



1,057 
180 
368 
509 

73,899 

3,787 

27,807 

32,442 

1,036 

13,818 

165 
5,980 

250 
2,608 
6.563 
1,476 

546 
9,863 

366 

968 
2.628 
1.841 
1.400 
1,343 
1,317 

16,925 

1.593 

514 

615 

1,242 

5,156 

1.870 

2,784 

2.180 

337 

468 

166 

13 

3.102 



' Due to problems with the newly automated naturalization system, data on naturalizations for fiscal year 1984 are incomplete. Workload data on 
petitions granted, an approximation of actual naturalizations, indicate that nearly 23.000 naturalization cases are missing from the Chicago, Houston, and 
San Francisco districts. The missing cases are arrayed as follows: Chicago, 7,000 of 14,000 cases are missing; Houston, 3.000 of 4,500; and San 
Francisco. 13.000 of 27,000. These missing cases are not necessarily randomly distributed within each district. 

2 Prior to fiscal year 1982, data for Federal Republic of Germany and German Democratic Republic are included in Germany. 

3 Prior to fiscal year 1982, data for Mainland China and Taiwan are included in China. 
- Represents zero. 



81 



TABLE 47. 



PERSONS NATURALIZED BY SEX, MARITAL STATUS, AND MAJOR OCCUPATION GROUP 
FISCAL YEARS 1981-86 



Sex, marital status, and occupation 


1981 


1982 


1983 


1984' 


1985 


1986 




166,317 

75,567 

19,635 

52,598 

535 

2.779 

20 

90,750 

19,002 

63,789 

3,088 

4,852 

O 

19 

25,636 
1 1 ,722 
4,296 
16.538 
13,155 
22,953 
823 
16,732 

54,462 


173,688 

79,393 

21,493 

54.579 

516 

2.751 

47 

7 

94,295 

20,035 
66,424 

3,023 

4,732 

71 

10 

28,087 
11,471 

4.691 
16,353 
13,228 
22,461 

1,152 
16,974 

59,271 


178,948 

83,446 
23,082 

56.757 

503 

2,861 

65 

178 

95,344 

20,819 

66,431 

2,847 

4,876 

105 

266 

158 

26,145 

7,239 

8,922 

18,136 

14,387 

21,369 

963 

21,821 

59,966 


197,023 

92,416 

25,868 

62,063 

612 

3.506 

102 

265 

104,228 

23,777 

70,929 

3,332 

5,680 

142 

368 

379 

28,580 
11,118 

9,274 
20,952 
15,626 
21,348 

1,131 
23,349 

65,645 


244,717 

115,114 

32.716 

75.567 

839 

4,362 

998 

632 

124,425 

28,500 

83,550 

4,250 

6.505 

888 

732 

5,178 

34,093 
12,935 

8,880 
27,442 
17,634 
27,506 

1,039 
35,206 

79,982 


280,623 


Males 


133,982 




38,359 




83,067 




951 




5,458 




5,153 




994 




140,087 




32,624 




89,554 




4,566 




7,997 




4,320 




1,026 




6,554 


Major occupation group: 


36,572 




14,089 




10,441 




31,896 




19,444 




27,417 




1,116 




46,922 


Homemakers, children, and others with no 


92,726 







' Due to the problems with the newly automated naturalization system, data on naturalizations for fiscal year 1984 are incomplete. Workload data on petiti 
granted, an approximation of actual naturalizations, indicate that nearly 23,000 naturalization cases are missing from the Chicago, Houston, and San Franci 
districts. The missing cases are arrayed as follows: Chicago, 7,000 of 14,000 cases are missing; Houston, 3,000 of 4,500; and San Francisco, 13,000 of 27,000. 
These missing cases are not necessarily randomly distributed within each district. 

2 Prior to 1982, separated was included in the married category. 

- Represents zero. 



k 

\: 
f! 

'! 
* 

.8' 

'8 
'- 
H 

IS 

Sua 

■: 






82 



TABLE 48. 



PERSONS NATURALIZED BY STATE OF RESIDENCE 
FISCAL YEARS 1977-86 



State of residence 



1977 



1978 



1979 



1980 



1981 



1982 



1983 



1984 



1985 



1986 



Total 



Alabama 

Alaska 

Arizona 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut 

Delaware 

Dist of Columbia 
Flonda 



Georgia .... 

Hawaii 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas ... 
Kentucky , 
Louisiana . 
Maine 



Maryland 

Massachusetts .. 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi 

Missouri 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire . 



New Jersey 

iMew Mexico 

New York 

North Carolina 
North Dakota ... 

Ohio 

Dklahoma 

Oregon 

D ennsylvania .... 
3hode Island ... 



I South Carolina . 
. Jouth Dakota .. 

"ennessee 

I'exas 

Ltah 

1 'ermont 

j'irginia 

iVashmgton 

IVest Virginia ... 

• Visconsin 

• Vyoming 



i.S. possessions 



iuam 

uerto Rico ... 
irgin Islands 

lot reported . 



159.873 

367 
319 

1.120 

147 

27,835 

1.438 

3,099 

262 

636 

17,478 

1,131 

4,532 

179 

8,999 

1,132 

523 

789 

591 

754 

305 

2.710 

5.532 

3.271 

1,321 

215 

1,403 

125 

434 

194 

451 

11,749 

382 

32,599 

716 

161 

4,098 

453 

1,032 

4,046 

1,015 

531 
93 

437 
5,544 

443 

137 
2.230 
2,011 

313 

1,246 

76 



683 

1.749 

836 

1 



173.535 

435 

337 

1.069 

100 

36.544 

1.297 

3.242 

287 

665 

13,138 

1.020 

3,672 

169 

12.864 

1,163 

484 

675 

545 

924 

213 

4.368 

5,519 

3,518 

1,261 

154 

986 

148 

365 

319 

278 

16,751 

371 

31,840 

908 

100 

3,518 
469 
863 

4,649 
905 

496 
94 

441 
5,725 

434 

179 
3,275 
2,289 

270 
1,137 

103 



1,082 

1,247 

630 



164.150 

367 

512 

1,448 

139 

30.212 

1.222 

3.392 

358 

448 

11,757 

987 

4,384 
208 
6,927 
1,144 
526 
621 
412 
899 
215 

3,120 

8,251 

4,534 

1.448 

278 

1,171 

132 

384 

587 

263 

13,860 
261 

37,225 
650 
121 
3,328 
438 
907 
4,240 
893 

376 

86 
333 

5,843 
332 
149 

2,171 

2.288 
240 

1,068 
70 



1,089 

1,161 

675 



157,938 

414 

419 

1,044 

163 

39.424 

1,478 

2,575 

256 

192 

11,417 

985 

3,473 

221 

8,039 

1,086 

578 

891 

199 

772 

215 

3,610 

6,269 

3,714 

1,515 

189 

1.062 

110 

379 

460 

220 

11,465 

381 

29,557 

1,057 

129 
2,916 

374 
1,173 
4,192 

902 

419 
83 

490 
4,705 

611 

134 
1,653 
2,222 

281 
1,237 

138 



812 

1,265 

373 



166.317 

256 
418 

1.518 

234 

35.077 

1,644 

2,936 

260 

116 

1 1 .452 

673 

3,946 
323 
5,527 
1,390 
718 
771 
338 
568 
285 

3,584 

6,942 

5,134 

1,730 

188 

1,196 

167 

425 

392 

368 

12,725 

376 

38,283 

1,001 

155 
3,809 

310 
1,215 
3.803 

893 

310 
99 

568 
5,628 

616 

195 
1,003 
2.126 

123 

1,352 

99 



663 

1,683 

619 

87 



173.688 

590 

477 

2,083 

381 

33.658 

2,143 

2,926 

244 

332 

10,137 

1.193 

2.750 

309 

6,646 

1,253 

818 

1,010 

413 

706 

258 

2,972 

6,690 
4,638 
2,152 

131 
1,704 

152 

421 
1,336 

202 

10,742 

521 

37,122 

1,480 

228 

3,976 

1,290 

1,569 

5,969 

951 

515 
30 

553 
9,137 

657 

124 
1,988 
3,375 

274 
1,440 

169 



842 

1,303 

704 



178,948 

452 

517 

2,328 

248 

33.411 

1,306 

2,706 

260 

275 

12,617 

1,654 

6,668 

226 

12,385 

1,353 

672 

950 

429 

705 

347 

3,880 

5.348 

5,251 

1,953 

208 

1,291 

127 

440 

935 

379 

10,749 

559 

32,410 

1,166 

166 

3.428 

1,183 

1,241 

4,828 

991 

253 

98 

627 

11,091 

582 

110 

2,206 

3,360 

293 

806 

82 



1,931 
709 
589 



197,023 

926 

864 

2.524 

290 

40,490 

1,614 

2,635 

227 

467 

19,855 

2,819 
6,448 

163 
4,730 
1,022 

564 
1,093 

386 
2,225 

240 

5,254 
5.332 
3,374 
1,941 

302 

1,597 

31 

399 
1,181 

262 

11,628 

1,015 

35,049 

1,532 

160 
4,040 

782 
1,543 
4,246 

971 

1,021 

124 

680 
9,553 
1,001 

139 
4,038 
5,399 

217 
1,389 

108 



1,520 

1.065 

300 



169 



248 



244,717 

609 

574 

2,576 

456 

70,519 

2,379 

3,709 

291 

582 

10,362 

1,804 
4,291 

285 

10,389 

1,159 

745 
1,331 

910 
2,490 

269 

6,116 
5,898 
5,582 
2,106 

432 
1,292 

152 

425 
1,489 

341 

15,278 
829 

37,250 
1,626 
203 
3,257 
1,819 
1,678 
4,630 
1,113 

1,289 
78 

846 
19.206 

793 

135 
5,147 
4,349 

278 
1.469 

118 



1,547 
939 
773 

504 



280.623 

664 

577 

3,121 

605 

105.284 

2.490 

3.650 

258 

817 

20,366 

1,834 
4,760 

288 

18,606 

1,275 

715 
1,226 

675 
2,575 

318 

5,116 
6,187 
3,758 
2,295 

381 
1,314 

161 

555 
1,254 

344 

6,483 

751 

39,571 

1,702 

165 

3,373 

1,284 

1,473 

4,117 

1,476 

558 

168 

1,033 

13,439 

1,335 

223 
4,892 
2,684 

235 
1.462 

143 



1,274 
653 
235 

425 



Due to problems with the newly automated naturalization system, data on naturalizations for fiscal year 1984 are incomplete. Workload data c: 
etitions granted, an approximation of actual naturalizations, indicate that nearly 23,000 naturalization cases are missing from the Chicago, Houston, and 
an Francisco districts. The missing cases are arrayed as follows: Chicago, 7,000 of 14,000 cases are missing; Houston, 3.000 of 4,500; and San 
rancisco. 13,000 of 27,000. These missing cases are not necessarily randomly distributed within each district. 

Represents zero. 



83 



TABLE 49. PERSONS NATURALIZED BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF FORMER ALLEGIANCE 

AND STATE OF RESIDENCE 
FISCAL YEAR 1986 



State of residence 



All 
countries 



Canada 



China, 
Mainland 



Colombia 



Cuba 



Dominican 
Republic 



India 



Iran 



Jamaica 



Total 

Alabama 

Alaska 

Arizona 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut 

Delaware 

District of Columbia 
Florida 

Georgia 

Hawaii 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Kentucky 

Louisiana 

Maine 

Maryland 

Massachusetts 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi 

Missouri 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire 

New Jersey 

New Mexico 

New York 

North Carolina 

North Dakota 

Ohio 

Oklahoma 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania 

Rhode Island 

South Carolina 

South Dakota 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah 

Vermont 

Virginia 

Washington 

West Virginia 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming 

U.S. possessions 

Guam 

Puerto Rico 

Virgin Islands 

Not reported 



280.623 

664 

577 

3,121 

605 

105,284 

2,490 

3,650 

258 

817 

20,366 

1,834 
4.760 

288 

18,606 

1,275 

715 
1,226 

675 
2,575 

318 

5,116 
6,187 
3,758 
2,295 

381 
1,314 

161 

555 
1,254 

344 

6,483 

751 

39,571 

1,702 

165 

3,373 

1,284 

1,473 

4,117 

1,476 

558 

168 

1,033 

13,439 

1,335 

223 
4,892 
2,684 

235 
1,462 

143 



1,274 
653 
235 

425 



3,787 

23 

17 

104 

21 

1,065 

87 

118 

2 

10 

271 

38 
29 
19 
89 
31 
22 
24 
8 
18 
51 

47 
176 
121 
45 
14 
20 
21 
10 
32 
60 

54 
17 
300 
54 
11 
69 
24 
34 
66 
33 

14 

7 

29 

131 

66 

47 

62 

125 

2 

26 

7 



11,151 

12 
19 
83 
10 
5,296 
62 
66 
11 
33 
182 

43 

192 

13 

481 

31 

24 

19 

8 

77 

8 

188 
252 

79 

48 

13 

37 

2 

4 

43 

7 

136 
19 
2,697 
51 
4 
55 
20 
67 

142 
18 

11 

4 

37 

246 

27 

3 

104 

73 

7 
32 

6 



34 
8 



5,156 

8 

12 

31 

3 

862 

35 

114 

5 

11 

1,263 

47 

9 

4 

251 

23 

13 

12 

19 

47 

10 

78 

146 

37 

44 

3 
23 

2 

9 
17 

5 

284 

10 
1,161 
20 
8 
41 
14 
29 
55 
47 

14 

1 

10 

139 

13 

7 
60 
21 

2 
27 

2 



1 
38 



11 



13,818 

5 
3 
6 
3 

1,621 

15 

48 

6 

9 

9,704 

31 
8 

282 

9 

7 

7 

122 

1 

31 

54 

21 

3 

4 

7 

3 

62 

5 

521 

7 

686 

21 

1 
21 
10 

7 
17 

2 

8 

1 

14 

125 

9 

31 
9 
2 

14 



2 

153 

2 

78 



5,980 

1 
10 

7 

81 
6 

28 
2 

33 
403 

11 

5 

2 

31 

2 

1 

7 

5 

10 

1 

32 

172 

10 

3 

4 

4 

1 
4 



269 

2 

4,387 

15 
2 

12 
2 
2 

11 

95 



5 

38 

3 

12 
6 



2 

228 
2 

8 



10,017 

69 

7 

114 

33 
2,392 

60 
174 

25 

20 
185 

169 

34 

9 

1,604 

115 
37 
62 
45 

124 
17 

436 

203 

289 

117 

34 

100 

5 

24 

32 

17 

406 

30 
984 
172 

11 
343 

68 

47 
287 

23 

33 

6 

96 

465 
39 
21 

236 

88 

30 

64 

5 



4,569 

19 

1 

55 

11 

2,436 

68 

28 

8 

18 

100 

68 

6 

1 

143 

27 

10 

34 

20 

35 

4 

142 
66 
43 
52 
11 
39 

17 

19 

5 

23 
16 
227 
37 
2 
68 
60 
45 
62 
11 



40 

222 

53 

2 

128 

36 

18 

19 

1 



6.563 

8 

5 

11 

14 

316 

14 

282 

20 

78 

1,593 

61 
14 

135 
10 

9 
12 
18 

3 

198 

130 

33 

7 

4 

21 

3 

6 

4 

7 

148 

6 

2,986 

30 

6 
49 
14 

3 
97 

6 

6 
5 
6 

90 
4 
1 

42 

11 
1 

12 
3 



13 



84 



TABLE 49. PERSONS NATURALIZED BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF FORMER ALLEGIANCE 

AND STATE OF RESIDENCE 
FISCAL YEAR 1986— Continued 



Stale of residence 



Korea 



Mexico 



Philippines 



Portugal 



Taiwan 



United 
Kingdom 



USSR. 



Vietnam 



Other 



Total 

Alabama 

Alaska 

Arizona 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut 

Delaware 

District of Columbia 
Florida 

Georgia 

Hawaii 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Kentucky 

Louisiana 

Maine 

Maryland 

Massachusetts 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi 

Missouri 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire 

New Jersey 

New Mexico 

New York 

North Carolina 

North Dakota 

Ohio 

Oklahoma 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania 

Rhode Island 

South Carolina 

South Dakota 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah 

Vermont 

Virginia 

Washington 

West Virginia 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming 

U.S. possessions 

Guam 

Puerto Rico 

Virgin Islands 

Not reported 



18.037 



27,807 



31.002 



131 


6 


47 


116 


20 


132 


172 


1,203 


151 


49 


24 


53 


6,566 


15,229 


17,528 


447 


218 


124 


125 


13 


98 


18 


4 


25 


24 


3 


71 


142 


135 


340 


270 


31 


117 


594 


23 


2.669 


42 


73 


16 


1,206 


2,946 


2,382 


102 


110 


98 


170 


37 


26 


141 


122 


51 


135 


13 


58 


114 


42 


93 


46 


1 


25 


713 


24 


363 


233 


73 


93 


353 


68 


265 


546 


29 


88 


40 


7 


51 


159 


52 


122 


42 


6 


15 


107 


43 


49 


81 


146 


253 


37 


2 


12 


212 


17 


457 


37 


276 


44 


1,192 


125 


1,156 


179 


25 


119 


13 


8 


25 


258 


33 


201 


138 


80 


67 


215 


41 


113 


469 


21 


178 


42 


4 


38 


57 


1 


103 


23 


5 


22 


128 


19 


73 


598 


6,091 


593 


85 


67 


47 


32 


3 


9 


606 


30 


671 


487 


100 


455 


34 


2 


25 


210 


93 


87 


18 


15 


7 



66 

1 



16 



35 



1,049 
12 



36 



4,177 

2 
1 

7 
4 

479 
7 

359 

6 
31 

6 
12 
4 
10 
1 
2 
3 
3 
5 



31 
965 

4 
2 
1 

1 

4 
2 
2 

1.200 

313 
3 

3 

2 

8 

58 

566 



4 

12 

1 

14 
3 

1 
3 



4,501 

18 
4 

45 

7 

2,613 

42 

12 
2 
8 

49 

25 
94 

2 

121 

24 

2 
17 
12 

6 

1 

159 

105 

30 

13 

4 

34 

3 

1 

20 

5 

55 

7 

330 

44 

1 

79 

21 

16 

47 

3 

8 

1 

10 

206 

24 

1 
65 
62 

7 
23 



8.609 

29 
16 

132 

35 

3,217 

114 

155 
15 
27 

366 

91 
105 
13 
274 
50 
16 
25 
24 
68 
28 

191 

348 

112 

68 

16 

42 

8 

12 

63 

23 

124 

37 

1,411 

67 

10 

147 
41 
61 

152 
26 

37 

11 

58 

229 

61 

18 

181 

131 

23 

46 

12 



8 

6 

21 



9,370 

5 

3 

14 

5 

2,862 

80 

128 

10 

18 

222 

51 

2 

1,103 
37 

1 
12 
25 
26 

5 

183 
494 
128 

79 

3 

64 

6 

11 

3 

218 

1 

2,546 

14 

1 

162 

18 

438 

56 

11 

40 
190 
11 
1 
24 
21 

30 
1 



30,840 

45 

32 

257 

115 

18,191 

335 

174 

13 

37 

337 

158 
398 

11 
830 
167 
125 
336 

45 
763 

18 

448 
463 
199 
496 

81 

215 

8 

84 
134 

11 

106 

61 

710 

217 

5 

284 

370 

378 

563 

37 

48 

23 

98 

1,475 

314 
10 

937 

485 
11 

124 
15 



19 
2 



85,239 

236 

179 

729 

218 

24,530 

776 

1,728 

92 

411 

5,043 

617 

568 

77 

6,718 
438 
229 
345 
236 

1,007 
99 

1.852 

2,214 

1.966 

655 

91 

374 

46 

175 

331 

143 

2,253 

181 

18,360 

634 

57 

1,548 
353 
389 

1,454 
469 

197 

59 

366 

2,589 

511 

68 

1,689 

571 

71 

653 

47 



69 
184 

208 



29 



22 



136 



- Represents zero. 



85 



TABLE 50. PERSONS NATURALIZED BY MAJOR OCCUPATION GROUP 

AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF FORMER ALLEGIANCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1986 



Region and country of 
former allegiance 



Total 



Occupations 



Total 



Profes- 
sional 
specialty 



Executive, 
adminis- 
trative. 

and 
manage- 
rial 



Sales 



Adminis- 
trative 
support 



Precision 
produc- 
tion, craft, 
and repair 



Operator, 

fabricator, 

and 

laborer 



Farming, 
forestry, 

and 
fishing 



Service 



All countries 

Europe 

Austria 

Belgium 

Czechoslovakia 

France 

German Dem. Rep 
Germany, Fed. Rep 

Greece 

Hungary 

Ireland 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Spain 

Switzerland 

USSR 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

Afghanistan 

Bangladesh 

Burma 

Cambodia 

China, Mainland 

Cyprus 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Iraq 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Laos 

Lebanon 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Singapore 

Sri Lanka 

Syria 

Taiwan 

Thailand 

Turkey 

Vietnam 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Egypt 

Ethiopia 

Ghana 

Kenya 

Morocco 

Nigeria 



280,623 

44,598 

192 

159 

697 

1,147 

495 

2,753 

2,750 

824 

991 

3,110 

569 

3,140 

4,177 

1,816 

658 

285 

9,370 

8,609 

1,758 

1,098 

134,695 

297 

296 

888 

1,847 

11,151 

168 

10,017 

538 

4,569 

1,659 

2,300 

1,011 

1,819 

18,037 

3,426 

3,011 

315 

2,285 

31,002 

157 

238 

1,096 

4,501 

1,750 

1,019 

30.840 

458 

6,334 

1,888 
474 
497 
225 
253 
211 



187,897 

31,234 

140 

95 

526 

783 

310 

1,802 

1,797 

581 

649 

2,153 

395 

2,242 

3,377 

1,333 

433 

196 

6,779 

5,705 

1,202 

736 

87,261 

213 

207 

635 

1,266 

7,806 

113 

6,844 

387 

3,355 

1,122 

1,587 

594 

1,050 

7,992 

2,316 

1,922 

228 

1,527 

22,488 

114 

179 

728 

2,830 

1,215 

689 

19,607 

247 

4,712 

1,388 
369 
432 
174 
188 
159 



36,572 

6,476 

27 

28 

152 

173 

62 

302 

207 

115 

142 

163 

98 

436 

150 

340 

82 

52 

2,294 

1,354 

130 

169 

20,107 

67 

73 

148 

160 

1,251 

18 

3,008 

112 

1,207 

181 

419 

116 

175 

1.138 

210 

424 

86 

461 

5,233 

30 

68 

145 

815 

266 

180 

4,079 

37 

1,373 
418 

89 
112 
56 
35 
80 



14,089 

2,573 

17 

13 

41 

96 

27 

189 

224 

46 

73 

170 

53 

107 

127 

87 

43 

34 

433 

662 

56 

75 

7,121 

22 

22 

30 

78 
747 

12 
674 

45 
532 
128 
265 

73 

180 

1,342 

44 
302 

25 
193 
865 

20 

26 
117 
416 
117 

87 
738 

21 

646 

157 
45 
39 
28 
35 
16 



10,441 

1,677 

11 

6 

26 

54 

23 

168 

130 

24 

40 

119 

19 

88 

117 

40 

23 

9 

297 

380 

53 

50 

4,279 

21 

11 

19 

56 

372 

7 

328 

19 

250 

132 

198 

39 

126 

612 

49 

164 

9 

106 

832 

3 

8 

43 

141 

65 

50 

586 

33 

268 

83 
24 

17 
7 

17 
9 



31,896 

4,499 

22 

17 

48 

123 

51 

299 

136 

52 

96 

292 

69 

226 

325 

126 

57 

30 

1,104 

1,224 

107 

95 

14,253 

24 

34 

140 

154 

1,147 

13 
913 

72 
393 
138 
177 

96 

101 

1,085 

241 

238 

46 

223 

5,061 

21 

38 

85 
579 
191 

64 
2,952 

27 

736 

227 

58 
61 
30 
22 
22 



19,444 

3,415 

19 

11 

59 

57 

38 

213 

193 

108 

45 

330 

55 

253 

474 

184 

54 

14 

611 

461 

176 

60 

8,124 

14 

9 

63 

168 

748 

13 

273 

34 

168 

83 

118 

47 

53 

710 

365 

170 

4 

96 

1,940 

6 

4 

96 

124 

93 

81 

2,632 

12 

286 

83 
16 
25 
15 
12 
6 



27,417 

5,210 

10 

5 

67 

57 

42 

213 

240 

84 

79 

473 

26 

521 

1,756 

210 

66 

8 

641 

338 

286 

88 

10,466 

12 

19 

70 

276 

753 

17 

594 

20 

136 

161 

92 

58 

97 

797 

797 

125 

11 

121 

2.615 

5 

10 

67 

96 

118 

53 

3,303 

43 

398 

89 
37 
55 
15 
14 
3 



1,116 



131 

1 



3 

7 

4 
2 

18 
9 
8 

32 
6 
5 
3 

13 

11 
7 
2 

422 

1 



41 
1 

11 
3 
1 
1 
3 

30 

19 
6 

8 
207 

2 

1 

6 
3 
1 
58 
5 

14 

5 
2 



46,922 

7,253 

33 

15 
133 
220 

67 
411 
667 
148 
172 
588 

66 
603 
396 
340 
103 

46 

1,386 

1.275 

387 

197 

22,489 

52 

39 

165 

374 

2.774 

33 
1,013 

84 
658 
296 
317 
164 
315 
2,278 
591 
493 

47 

319 

5,735 

29 

23 
174 
653 
362 
173 
5,259 

69 

991 

326 
98 

123 
23 
53 
23 



86 



TABLE 50. PERSONS NATURALIZED BY MAJOR OCCUPATION GROUP 

AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF FORMER ALLEGIANCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1986— Continued 



Region and country of 
former allegiance 



South Africa 

Sudan 

Tanzania 

Other Africa 

Oceania 

Australia 

Fiji 

Other Oceania 

North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Antigua-Barbuda 

Barbados 

Cuba 

Dominica 

Dominican Republic . 

Grenada 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

Trinidad & Tobago ... 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Peru 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Other South America .. 

U.S. possessions 

Stateless 

Not reported 



Total 



1.296 
174 
168 

1,148 

1,057 
180 

368 
509 

73,899 

3.787 
27,807 
32,442 

178 

1.036 

13,818 

165 
5,980 

250 
2,608 
6.563 
1,476 

368 
9,863 

366 

968 
2,628 
1,841 
1,400 
1,343 
1,317 

16,925 

1,593 

514 

615 

1.242 

5,156 

1,870 

2,784 

2,180 

337 

468 

166 

13 

1,986 

1,116 



Occupations 



Total 



895 
114 
126 
867 

726 

126 
280 
320 

50,502 

2,622 

18,759 

22,659 

153 

837 

9,121 

120 

3,693 

197 

1,955 

5,146 

1,167 

270 

6,462 

272 

628 

1,652 

1,230 

910 

878 

892 

11,493 

1,166 

355 

360 

777 

3,145 

1,335 

2,121 

1,579 

258 

295 

102 

5 

1,370 

594 



Profes- 
sional 
specialty 



304 
15 
37 

227 

134 

43 
34 
57 

6,042 

751 
1.467 
3,035 

24 
124 
906 

17 
273 

37 

337 

1.063 

219 

35 
789 

48 

87 
192 
125 

88 
124 
125 

1,927 
244 

66 

77 

171 

468 

162 

315 

299 

47 

57 

21 



395 
118 



Executive, 
adminis- 
trative, 

and 
manage- 
rial 



210 

5 

16 

95 

53 

15 
18 
20 

2,751 

311 

828 

1,272 

6 

31 

710 

7 

112 

9 

55 

259 

74 

9 

340 

19 

36 

87 

59 

37 

66 

36 

817 

142 
22 
34 
69 

213 
85 
84 

113 

24 

27 

4 



74 
54 



Sales 



64 

4 
10 
33 

43 

13 
12 
18 

3,257 

210 

826 

1,871 

3 

48 

1,074 

6 

265 

13 

65 

315 

56 

26 

350 

8 

27 

80 

48 

63 

55 

69 

819 

86 
19 
20 
60 

279 
82 

122 

93 

19 

36 

3 



61 
37 



Adminis- 
trative 
support 



139 
15 
22 

140 

130 

13 
74 
43 

9,614 

463 

2,952 

4,770 

23 

196 

2.243 

28 

518 

36 

290 

1.090 

286 

60 

1,429 

62 

130 

371 

229 

171 

227 

239 

2,349 

185 

77 

68 

125 

621 

265 

571 

311 

37 

66 

23 

1 

211 

103 



Precision 
produc- 
tion, craft, 
and repair 



39 
22 
10 
58 

74 

11 
26 
37 

6,151 

246 

2,471 

2,606 

32 

92 
1,080 

23 
482 

20 
162 
527 
155 

33 
828 

26 

82 
214 
159 
125 

86 
136 

1,175 

113 

30 

30 

70 

340 

164 

204 

155 

27 

34 

8 

1 

162 

56 



Operator, 

fabricator, 

and 

laborer 



19 

27 

6 

133 

94 

6 
34 
54 

9,273 

218 
4,393 
3,827 

17 

110 

1,580 

10 
1,039 

30 
374 
524 
103 

40 
835 

32 

83 
217 
179 
155 

98 

71 

1,700 

115 

36 

41 

86 

556 

237 

312 

236 

47 

26 

8 

1 

211 

64 



Farming, 
forestry, 

and 
fishing 



521 

16 

425 

57 

1 
35 

3 

1 

4 

11 

2 
23 

1 
1 
8 
5 
6 
2 



23 
2 

3 
1 
4 
3 
3 
4 
1 
2 



Service 



117 
24 
25 

179 

195 

24 
82 
89 

12,893 

407 

5,397 

5,221 

48 

235 

1,493 

29 

1,001 

51 

668 

1,357 

274 

65 

1,868 

76 

182 

483 

426 

265 

220 

216 

2,683 

279 

105 

87 

195 

664 

337 

510 

368 

56 

47 

35 

2 

256 

160 



No occu- 
pation or 
not re- 
ported' 



401 
60 
42 

281 

331 

54 

88 

189 

23,397 

1,165 

9,048 

9,783 

25 

199 

4,697 

45 

2,287 

53 

653 

1,417 

309 

98 

3,401 

94 

340 

976 

611 

490 

465 

425 

5,432 
427 
159 
255 
465 

2,011 
535 
663 
601 
79 
173 
64 

8 

616 

522 



' Includes homemakers. students, unemployed or retired persons, and others not reporting or with an unknown occupation. 
- Represents zero. 



87 



TABLE 51. 



PERSONS NATURALIZED IN FISCAL YEAR 1986 BY CALENDAR YEAR OF ENTRY 
AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 



Region and country 
of birth 



Total 



1986 
and 
1985 



1984 



1983 



1982 



1981 



1980 



1979 



1978 



1977 



1976 



1975 



1974 



Before 
1974 



All countries 

Europe 

Austria 

Belgium 

Czecnoslovakia 

France 

German Dem. Rep. ... 
Germany, Fed. Rep. . 

Greece 

Hungary 

Ireland 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Spain 

Switzerland 

U.S.S.R 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

Afghanistan 

Bangladesh 

Burma 

Cambodia 

China, Mainland 

Cyprus 

Hong Kong 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Iraq 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Laos 

Lebanon 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Singapore 

Sri Lanka 

Syria 

Taiwan 

Thailand 

Turkey 

Vietnam 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Cape Verde 

Egypt 

Ethiopia 

Ghana 

Kenya 

Morocco 

Nigeria 

South Africa 

Tanzania 



280,623 

41,371 
196 

159 

725 

1,022 

449 

2,490 

2,734 

786 

815 

3,144 

511 

3,160 

4,064 

1,903 

649 

279 

10,811 

4,727 

1,809 

938 

139,181 

301 

316 

890 

1,859 

11,194 

178 

3,534 

10,001 

566 
4,595 
1,673 
2,230 

994 

1,765 

18,419 

3,476 

3,019 

330 

2,282 

31,075 

162 

240 
1,114 
4,448 
1,766 
1,021 
31,158 

575 

6,297 
159 

1,916 
435 
499 
244 
265 
231 

1,285 
169 



2,773 
139 



5 

4 

19 

12 

2 

4 

8 

1 

11 

12 

4 

7 

3 

19 

20 

5 

1 

1,875 

1 

1 

1 

4 

19 

1 

6 

122 

3 

8 

4 

10 

23 

2 

1,005 

24 

17 

6 

5 

473 

2 

1 

36 
16 
12 
31 
42 

27 

4 
3 
1 
1 
1 
1 
5 



3,435 

134 

3 
1 
7 
1 

10 

13 
2 
3 

15 
2 
8 

16 
2 
7 

24 
12 

7 
1 

2,609 



1 
2 

12 
1 

15 

152 

2 

7 

9 

22 

9 

1,887 

7 

1 

8 

357 



3,307 
243 



2 

7 

2 

24 

22 

5 

1 

9 

1 

32 

10 

11 

12 

4 

55 

29 

6 

11 

2,330 

1 
7 
2 
4 

93 
1 

50 

105 

8 

62 

11 

28 
8 

36 

1,003 

3 

56 
4 

31 
648 

3 
19 
66 
14 
11 
37 
19 

62 

1 

24 

1 

5 
3 
4 
3 
5 
2 



8,827 

902 

3 

6 

18 

36 

13 

47 

74 

29 

17 

51 

13 

118 

28 

56 

21 

15 

136 

163 

30 

28 

5,704 

7 

22 

16 

9 

374 

7 

250 

188 

23 

342 

57 

152 

29 

113 

887 

26 

196 

26 

129 

2.297 

8 

8 

68 

201 

51 

43 

135 

40 

372 

6 
131 
15 
32 
10 
27 
30 
38 

3 



13,331 

1,391 

4 
6 
53 
46 
6 
52 
90 
38 
16 
46 
11 

165 
47 

181 

30 

6 

351 

172 
44 
27 

8,948 

51 

25 

39 
147 
701 

16 
227 
508 

43 
516 

93 
187 

22 
165 
989 
130 
211 

21 

194 

2,745 

15 
8 

92 
395 

86 

60 
1,215 

47 

463 

4 
175 
41 
42 
12 
22 
19 
53 

9 



55,131 

6,730 

16 

21 

261 

94 

20 

115 

262 

131 

48 

129 

22 

508 

271 

757 

45 

30 

3,289 

472 

114 

125 

37,614 

139 

93 

329 

631 

3,663 

33 

702 

2,579 

99 

1,163 

523 

496 

67 

348 

3,037 

1,202 

716 

76 

661 

8,209 

41 

37 

271 

1,460 

233 

165 

10,527 

114 

1,559 

29 

511 

140 

108 

68 

42 

47 

339 

48 



44,818 

7,077 

11 

12 

125 

79 

19 

93 

252 

112 

42 

142 

33 

436 

242 

375 

39 

37 

4,444 

407 

93 

84 

28,712 

53 

73 

246 

586 

2.457 

22 
414 
1.659 
109 
899 
318 
450 

69 

263 

2,488 

934 

603 

69 

418 

4,692 

27 

40 
225 
807 
243 
156 
10.306 

86 

1,246 

29 

355 

109 

87 

45 

40 

47 

307 

36 



24,951 

3,176 

12 

9 

45 

41 

13 

91 

231 

57 

37 

134 

24 

255 

351 

164 

31 

17 

1,168 

336 

119 

41 

13,460 

18 

41 

99 

89 

1,116 

16 

368 

1,180 

44 

556 

157 

264 

70 

224 

2.025 

436 

473 

49 

300 

2,946 

19 

34 

151 

601 

162 

88 

1,880 

54 

839 

20 
269 
47 
69 
22 
27 
20 
207 
23 



16,260 

2,024 

7 

5 

27 

49 

17 

78 

203 

37 

40 

108 

18 

193 

288 

71 

30 

17 

435 

256 

108 

37 

8,050 

8 

15 

63 

9 

711 

14 

305 

775 

31 

304 

133 

189 

50 

151 

1,504 

32 

244 

16 

166 

2,099 

19 

19 

98 

323 

169 

67 

521 

15 

485 

18 
129 

22 
32 
25 
20 
15 
134 
10 



12,090 

1,565 

2 

5 

11 

34 

4 

55 

166 

23 

34 

98 

14 

139 

243 

62 

29 

17 

302 

210 

97 

20 

6,260 

1 

12 

36 

60 

459 

8 

218 

533 

19 

166 

121 

104 

41 

95 

1.176 

543 

229 

15 

82 

1,578 

9 

20 

51 

161 

202 

38 

256 

27 

279 

12 
77 
12 
17 
19 
11 

8 
64 

7 



15,073 

1,304 

9 

7 

6 

39 

8 

56 

157 

25 

27 

103 

7 

93 

286 

30 

37 

11 

160 

156 

59 

28 

9,880 

5 

9 

10 

301 

346 

16 

197 

408 

16 

107 

67 

76 

44 

56 

737 

121 

55 

10 

67 

1.044 

7 

20 

40 

130 

132 

24 

5,819 

16 

163 

14 
28 
11 
15 
12 
5 
9 
16 
10 



8,365 

1,266 

2 

10 

8 

26 

12 

58 

166 

17 

29 

139 

13 

101 

251 

26 

32 

9 

100 

126 

125 

16 

2,890 

1 
1 

9 

6 

196 

2 

101 

324 

10 

81 

52 

46 

41 

60 

632 

5 

44 

9 

52 

848 

2 

13 

22 

93 

126 

33 

66 

15 

137 

3 

33 

10 

19 

9 

8 

10 

8 

3 



70,597 

14,841 
129 

71 

147 

547 

327 

1,711 

1,068 

299 

499 

2,124 

348 

1,003 

2,016 

123 

327 

111 

213 

2,330 

962 

486 

10,471 

15 

16 

39 

11 

1,007 

40 

676 

1,448 

157 

374 

117 

213 

505 

234 

1,031 

17 

163 

27 

159 

3,012 

13 

37 

66 

144 

306 

308 

264 

72 

636 

23 
173 
21 
69 
14 
56 
22 
104 
16 



88 



\ 



TABLE 51. 



PERSONS NATURALIZED IN FISCAL YEAR 1986 BY CALENDAR YEAR OF ENTRY 
AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH— Continued 



Region and country 
of birth 


Total 


1986 
and 
1985 


1984 


1983 


1982 


1981 


1980 


1979 


1978 


1977 


1976 


1975 


1974 


Before 
1974 


Un- 
known 
or not 

re- 
ported 




1.094 

1,110 
167 
374 
569 

74,826 

3,710 

27.817 

33,321 

222 

903 

14.033 

191 

5,961 

268 

2,657 

6.635 

167 

189 

182 
1,492 

421 
9,962 

428 

975 
2,629 
1.851 
1,408 
1,364 
1,307 
16 

16,886 

1,612 

505 

546 

1,263 

5,169 

1,892 

2,602 

2,166 

230 

337 

444 

120 

2 

950 


11 

11 

1 
10 

506 

19 

147 

144 

110 

1 

12 

3 

12 
2 

1 

3 

196 

1 
16 
37 
52 
48 
11 
31 

199 

2 

3 

39 

28 

79 
9 
5 

23 

2 
2 

7 

16 


1 

5 

1 

4 

402 

22 
74 
81 

1 
24 

27 
1 
8 

12 

1 

1 

3 

3 

225 

2 

30 
104 
28 
41 
6 
14 

265 

2 

3 

29 

45 

152 

7 

3 

12 

2 

2 
8 

3 


14 

12 
2 

1 
9 

385 

21 
115 

82 
3 
5 

22 
2 

15 

9 

18 

3 

1 
4 
167 
10 
25 
56 
27 
18 
12 
19 

266 

10 
12 
10 
39 
144 
2 
10 
30 

2 

3 
4 

9 


80 

39 

3 

9 

27 

1,244 

62 

513 

320 

9 

8 

49 
4 

87 
3 

43 

83 
8 
6 

1 
13 

6 
346 
29 
36 
88 
47 
39 
54 
53 

3 

543 

46 
17 
18 
53 

164 
38 
56 

105 

4 

14 

24 

4 

23 


86 

54 

9 

8 

37 

1,850 

69 
713 
553 

8 

15 

110 

8 

115 

5 

71 

170 

7 

3 

4 
23 
14 

513 
39 
38 

132 
81 
53 
79 
91 
2 

585 

39 
24 
17 
40 

186 
35 
85 

109 

1 

13 

31 

5 

40 


227 

139 

17 
67 
55 

6,720 

235 

1,419 

3,771 

36 

111 

1,508 

22 
570 

38 
389 
819 

25 

58 

36 
119 

40 
1,292 

76 

77 
373 
195 
193 
217 
161 
3 

2,221 

162 

51 

39 

140 

472 

150 

729 

301 

53 

48 

61 

15 

148 


191 

149 

12 
76 
61 

5,450 

278 

1,169 

3,014 

38 
114 
713 

41 
512 

51 
351 
921 

25 

34 

44 
126 

44 
987 

58 

51 
263 
158 
148 
143 
166 
2 

1,969 

174 

36 

40 

149 

439 

151 

549 

297 

56 

36 

32 

10 

215 


135 

125 

7 
64 
54 

5,580 

216 
2.082 
2,334 

35 
132 
230 

15 
464 

30 
268 
912 

26 

29 

34 
120 

39 
947 

36 

55 
315 
184 
122 
108 
127 
1 

1,691 

150 

67 

37 

128 

387 

137 

431 

248 

40 

29 

29 

8 

80 


80 

103 

17 
35 
51 

4,111 

204 
1,012 
1,986 

21 
105 
316 

21 
321 

49 
192 
714 

26 

18 

16 
147 

40 
909 

26 

71 
311 
195 
100 
113 

93 

1,428 

124 

65 

34 

169 

340 

131 

235 

231 

20 

36 

34 

9 

59 


52 

68 

9 
26 
33 

3,098 

78 
1,426 
1,192 

10 

60 

300 

7 

243 

17 

128 

298 

5 

9 

5 
93 
17 

402 
23 
26 

112 
93 
54 
42 
52 

783 

82 

18 

16 

94 

182 

93 

119 

117 

6 

25 

23 

8 

37 


43 

70 

6 

35 

29 

3,037 

70 
1,232 
1,435 

12 

59 

507 

7 

288 

14 

160 

255 

8 

6 

3 

97 

19 

300 

11 
27 
70 
71 
38 
35 
48 

570 

60 
19 
21 
41 
145 
68 
80 
92 

7 
16 
19 

2 

1 
48 


34 

36 

5 

14 
17 

3,456 

64 
1,377 
1,705 

9 

52 

696 

7 

353 

12 

113 

303 

8 

7 

13 
107 
25 
310 
16 
18 
96 
57 
52 
35 
36 

555 

57 
16 
14 
34 
151 
93 
68 
78 
11 

9 
16 

8 

25 


138 

269 

77 

37 

155 

38,402 

2,350 

16,114 

16,600 

41 

240 

9,365 

56 

2,952 

48 

920 

2,107 

23 

18 

25 

641 

164 

3,334 

97 
502 
668 
657 
496 
504 
410 
4 

5,753 

695 
173 
229 
298 
2,310 
974 
229 
512 

31 
104 
167 

31 

1 
224 


2 




30 




2 


Fiji .... 


1 




27 




585 




22 




424 




104 


Antigua-Barbuda 


1 


Cuba 


83 




_ 


Dominican Republic . 


2 


Haiti 


2 




11 


St. Kitts-Nevis 






1 


St. Vincent & 




Trinidad & Tobago ... 
Other Caribbean 
Central America 


1 

3 

34 

4 




3 




4 




6 




6 




5 




6 


Other North America .. 


1 
58 




9 




1 


Brazil 


3 


Chile 


5 


Colombia 


18 




4 




3 


Peru 


11 




1 




1 




1 


Other South America .. 
Born on board ship 


1 
23 







Represents zero. 



89 



TABLE 52. 



PERSONS NATURALIZED BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF FORMER NATIONALITY, AGE, AND SEX 

FISCAL YEAR 1986 



— 



Age and sex 



All 
countries 



Canada 



China, 
Mainland 



Colombia 



Cuba 



Dominican 
Republic 



India 



Iran 



Jamaica 



Total 

Under 18 years 

18-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over .. 
Not reported 

Males 

Under 18 years 

18-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over .. 
Not reported 

Females 

Under 18 years 

18-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over .. 
Not reported 

Not reported 

Percent distribution 

Males 

Females 

Not reported 

Median age 

Males 

Females 

Not reported 



280,623 

10,440 

7.380 

38,736 

46,155 

49,878 

41,401 

26.000 

18,630 

13,387 

9,965 

7,781 

5,149 

3.262 

1,646 

807 

6 

133,982 

4,527 

3,301 

18,578 

22,340 

23,575 

20,201 

12,567 

8,995 

6,423 

4,778 

3,557 

2,420 

1,515 

817 

386 

2 

140,087 

5,717 

3,982 

19,364 

22,894 

25,179 

20,211 

12,733 

9,095 

6,576 

4,923 

4,024 

2,589 

1,650 

770 

377 

3 

6,554 

100.0 

47.7 

49.9 

2.3 

33.8 

33.9 
33.6 
35.7 



3,787 

95 

101 

491 

564 

468 

469 

440 

392 

276 

202 

124 

77 

51 

22 

15 



1,820 

43 

49 

258 

308 

241 

198 

202 

177 

128 

97 

52 

36 

21 

7 

3 



1,874 

49 

50 

221 

240 

220 

260 

231 

204 

142 

100 

68 

37 

28 

12 

12 



93 

100.0 

48.1 

49.5 

2.5 

36.9 

35.3 
38.1 
37.8 



11,151 

95 

215 

1,121 

1.166 

1.978 

2.193 

1,116 

731 

670 

567 

486 

373 

265 

118 

57 



5,593 

41 

112 

520 

490 

873 

1,132 

584 

405 

361 

343 

265 

195 

153 

81 

38 



5,352 

49 

101 

583 

655 

1,071 

1.026 

505 

304 

299 

216 

213 

174 

103 

35 

18 



206 

100.0 

50.2 

48.0 

1.8 

37.3 

38.4 
36.0 
38.3 



5,156 

509 

103 

713 

740 

713 

647 

584 

418 

317 

178 

104 

64 

39 

20 

7 



2,221 

245 

50 

381 

348 

255 

256 

222 

177 

124 

85 

41 

20 

11 

4 

2 



2,740 

255 

43 

314 

365 

424 

361 

336 

228 

177 

87 

62 

42 

27 

15 

4 



195 

100.0 
43.1 
53.1 

38 

33.6 

31.6 
34.8 
34.8 



13,818 

33 

271 

2,758 

2,144 

1,340 

983 

992 

1.106 

995 

1,000 

777 

621 

411 

265 

122 



6,544 

14 

111 

1,270 

1.090 

624 

484 

475 

527 

457 

475 

369 

291 

180 

128 

49 



6,677 

17 
151 
1,377 
968 
653 
468 
480 
534 
485 
478 
370 
303 
206 
125 
62 



597 

100.0 

47.4 

48.3 

4.3 

36.7 

36.6 
36.6 
39.4 



5,980 
105 

131 

911 

1,176 

1,061 

772 

479 

345 

302 

287 

223 

106 

57 

14 

10 

1 

2,416 

51 

49 

360 

458 

420 

334 

202 

170 

113 

109 

92 

32 

19 

2 

5 



3,460 

53 

81 

540 

701 

621 

416 

261 

172 

183 

177 

130 

72 

35 

12 

5 

1 

104 

100.0 

40.4 

57.9 

1.7 

33.0 

33.5 
32.6 
34.9 



10,017 

631 

278 

909 

1,209 

2,140 

2,190 

1.343 

674 

340 

140 

81 

31 

28 

13 

10 



5,440 

270 

109 

409 

527 

1,099 

1,288 

873 

450 

210 

100 

54 

21 

16 

6 

8 



4,175 

348 

161 

458 

634 

959 

799 

420 

200 

112 

36 

25 

8 

11 

3 

1 



402 

100.0 

54.3 

41.7 

4.0 

34.6 

36.1 
32.5 
35.4 



4,569 

31 

62 

338 

924 

1,180 

842 

448 

263 

165 

121 

83 

53 

39 

11 

9 



3,074 

17 

30 

187 

642 

883 

588 

275 

147 

111 

73 

48 

29 

29 

8 

7 



1,430 

12 

31 

150 

274 

279 

238 

164 

114 

51 

48 

35 

21 

9 

2 

2 



65 

100.0 

67.3 
31.3 

1.4 

33.9 
33.7 
34.3 
36.1 



6,563 

88 

106 

786 

1,068 

915 

917 

763 

518 

449 

358 

269 

174 

94 

33 

24 

1 

2,524 

40 

42 

350 

406 

340 

354 

303 

210 

147 

116 

96 

66 

37 

11 

5 

1 

3,798 

41 

60 

409 

628 

546 

525 

428 

279 

291 

227 

166 

105 

53 

21 

19 



241 

100.0 

38.5 

57.9 

3.7 

36.8 

36.4 
37.0 
37.8 



90 



TABLE 52. PERSONS NATURALIZED BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF FORMER NATIONALITY, AGE, AND SEX 

FISCAL YEAR 1986— Continued 



Age and sex 



Korea 



Mexico 



Philippines 



Portugal 



Taiwan 



United 
Kingdom 



U.S.S.R. 



Vietnam 



Other 



Total 

Under 18 years 

18-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over . 
Not reported 

Males 

Under 18 years 

18-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over . 
Not reported 

Females 

Under 18 years 

18-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over . 
Not reported 

Not reported 

Percent distribution 

Males 

Females 

Not reported 

Median age 

Males 

Females 

Not reported 



18,037 

4.371 

575 

2,145 

2.791 

3,088 

1.983 

1,224 

796 

511 

246 

132 

94 

43 

25 

13 



7,163 

1,590 

288 

969 

877 

943 

829 

585 

414 

314 

169 

78 

62 

20 

18 

7 



10,530 

2,718 

282 

1,133 

1,871 

2,082 

1,115 

605 

360 

186 

72 

47 

27 

19 

7 

6 



344 

100.0 

39.7 

58.4 

1.9 

28.6 
29.1 
28.3 
31.4 



27,807 
453 
793 

4.853 

5,676 

4,907 

3,484 

2.276 

1.333 

1,351 

1.009 

800 

398 

253 

135 

86 



12,666 

213 

253 

1,750 

2,652 

2,422 

1,751 

1.060 

612 

622 

472 

400 

211 

132 

67 

49 



14,662 
235 
532 

3,041 

2,922 

2,381 

1,665 

1.170 

691 

708 

521 

393 

181 

120 

66 

36 



479 

100.0 

45.5 
52.7 

1.7 

32.0 
32.9 
31.2 

32.9 



31,002 

954 

405 

2,331 

4.497 

6.694 

4,925 

2.576 

1,753 

1,174 

1,126 

1.535 

1,419 

977 

465 

170 

1 

12,072 

447 

184 

1,028 

1,701 

2.386 

1,784 

997 

671 

434 

433 

617 

631 

454 

220 

85 



18,298 
491 

217 

1,255 

2,730 

4,198 

3,032 

1,516 

1,028 

713 

669 

890 

751 

499 

233 

76 



632 

100.0 

38.9 

59.0 

2.0 

35.6 

35.8 
35.5 

38.4 



4,177 

101 

148 

745 

741 

636 

586 

402 

272 

221 

176 

95 

26 

16 

8 

4 



2,015 

46 

55 

313 

345 

316 

301 

205 

143 

108 

98 

53 

14 

11 

4 

3 



2,116 

52 

93 

426 

388 

312 

281 

195 

125 

108 

76 

39 

12 

5 

3 

1 



46 

100.0 

48.2 

50.7 

1.1 

32.7 

33.7 
31.5 

34.7 



4,501 

112 

172 

585 

543 

1,430 

994 

260 

173 

109 

43 

28 

24 

17 

9 

2 



1,915 
60 

76 

260 

148 

559 

499 

114 

76 

57 

26 

11 

10 

12 

7 



2,510 

51 

94 

317 

385 

846 

472 

140 

96 

52 

17 

17 

14 

5 

2 

2 



76 

100.0 

42.5 

55.8 

1.7 

33.2 

33.8 
32.8 
33.5 



8,609 
169 

317 

1,537 

1,485 

1,236 

1.126 

777 

703 

488 

341 

212 

115 

51 

36 

16 



3,964 

75 

141 

784 

697 

571 

524 

314 

298 

216 

154 

89 

55 

25 

18 

3 



4,461 

89 

171 

721 

766 

639 

583 

449 

382 

259 

180 

117 

52 

24 

18 

11 



184 

100.0 

46.0 
51.8 

2.1 

33.2 

32.5 
33.7 

36.0 



9,370 

95 

232 

956 

800 

1,027 

1.604 

908 

1.367 

780 

560 

430 

259 

219 

99 

34 



4,386 

55 

101 

492 

356 

464 

746 

428 

642 

398 

280 

179 

93 

79 

53 

20 



4,732 

39 
126 
438 
427 
546 
822 
450 
673 
356 
268 
241 
154 
138 
43 
11 



252 

100.0 

46.8 

50.5 

2.7 

39.9 

39.9 
39.8 
43.7 



30,840 

358 

1,504 

7,790 

7,272 

5,581 

3.659 

1,963 

1,247 

692 

435 

193 

94 

42 

8 

2 



18,023 
210 
766 

4,435 

4,447 

3,215 

2.062 

1,112 

747 

467 

312 

137 

76 

29 

7 

1 



12,487 

142 

730 

3.268 

2,752 

2,304 

1.566 

820 

485 

214 

119 

54 

18 

13 

1 

1 



330 

100.0 

58.4 

40.5 

1.1 

28.9 

29.0 
28.7 
29.4 



85,239 

2,240 

1,967 

9,767 

13,359 

15,484 

14,027 

9,449 

6,539 

4,547 

3,176 

2,209 

1,221 

660 

365 

226 

3 

42,146 

1,110 

885 

4,812 

6,848 

7,964 

7,071 

4,616 

3,129 

2,156 

1,436 

976 

578 

287 

176 

101 

1 

40,785 

1,076 

1,059 

4,713 

6.188 

7,098 

6,582 

4,563 

3,220 

2,240 

1,632 

1,157 

618 

355 

172 

110 

2 

2,308 

100.0 

49.4 

47.8 

2.7 

35.0 

34.7 
35.2 
36.1 



Represents zero. 



91 



TABLE 53. 



PERSONS NATURALIZED BY AGE AND SEX 
FISCAL YEARS 1977-86 



Age and sex 



1977 



1978 



1979 



1980 



1981 



1982 



1983 



1984 



1985 



1986 



Total 

Under 18 years .... 

18-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over 
Not reported 

Males 

Under 18 years .... 

18-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over 
Not reported 

Females 

Under 18 years .... 

18-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over 
Not reported 

Not reported 

Median age 

Males 

Females 

Not reported 



159,873 

7,427 

4,502 

17.093 

20,383 

28,501 

26,422 

18.648 

12.807 

9,420 

5,812 

3,836 

2,615 

1,422 

630 

355 



73,377 

3,277 

2,130 

8,073 

8,273 

12,173 

12,611 

9,243 

6,213 

4,377 

2,724 

1,822 

1,277 

702 

320 

162 



86,496 

4,150 

2,372 

9,020 

12,110 

16,328 

13.811 

9.405 

6,594 

5,043 

3,088 

2,014 

1,338 

720 

310 

193 



35.3 

36.0 
34.8 



173,535 

8,355 

4,711 

17,586 

21,983 

32,294 

29,699 

20,808 

13,444 

9,614 

6,355 

3,758 

2,674 

1,286 

638 

330 



78,746 

3,724 

2,240 

8,323 

9,184 

13,373 

13,908 

10,021 

6,511 

4,457 

2,957 

1,679 

1,277 

621 

315 

156 



94,789 

4,631 

2,471 

9,263 

12,799 

18,921 

15,791 

10,787 

6,933 

5,157 

3.398 

2.079 

1,397 

665 

323 

174 



35.3 

35.9 
34.8 



164,150 

9,858 

4,367 

17,406 

22,179 

29,974 

26,025 

18,592 

12,296 

8,718 

5,851 

3,591 

2,690 

1,472 

718 

413 



74,706 

4,348 

2,112 

8.265 

9,662 

12,800 

12,007 

8,779 

5.750 

4,100 

2,712 

1,630 

1,275 

709 

368 

189 



89,444 

5,510 

2,255 

9,141 

12,517 

17,174 

14,018 

9,813 

6,546 

4,618 

3,139 

1.961 

1,415 

763 

350 

224 



34.7 
35.1 

34.5 



157,938 

9,801 

3,012 

16,293 

20,634 

28,624 

24,031 

17,841 

1 1 ,807 

8,786 

6,302 

4,054 

3,156 

1,924 

1,096 

577 



70,653 

4,144 

1,385 

7,365 

8,732 

12,045 

10,929 

8,479 

5,642 

3,996 

2.908 

1.878 

1.461 

935 

495 

259 



87,285 

5,657 

1,627 

8,928 

11,902 

16,579 

13,102 

9,362 

6,165 

4,790 

3,394 

2,176 

1,695 

989 

601 

318 



35.2 

35.7 
34.8 



166,317 

7.951 

3.231 

18,081 

23,173 

30,074 

25,398 

18,659 

12,732 

9,255 

6,604 

4,421 

3.198 

1,901 

1,072 

567 



75,567 

3,422 

1,431 

8,289 

10,274 

13,174 

11.710 

8.730 

6.040 

4,367 

2.985 

2,032 

1,465 

848 

516 

284 



90,750 

4.529 

1,800 

9,792 

12,899 

16,900 

13,688 

9,929 

6,692 

4,888 

3,619 

2,389 

1,733 

1.053 

556 

283 



35.1 

35.4 
34.9 



173,688 

7,611 

3,138 

20,040 

25,035 

31,942 

27,335 

18,792 

12,828 

9,108 

6.659 

4,602 

3.032 

2.047 

1,005 

514 



79,392 

3,256 

1,491 

9,262 

1 1 ,242 

14.081 

12.608 

8.826 

6.107 

4,323 

3,088 

2,092 

1,404 

935 

439 

238 



94,295 

4,355 

1,647 

10,778 

13,793 

17.861 

14,726 

9,966 

6,721 

4,785 

3,571 

2,510 

1,628 

1,112 

566 

276 



1 

34.9 
35.1 
34.7 

380 



178,948 

7,031 

3,233 

21,706 

26,327 

32,832 

28.581 

18,613 

13,025 

9,091 

6,735 

4,885 

3,193 

2,120 

974 

567 

35 

83,446 

3,009 

1,521 

10,380 

11,828 

14,774 

13,644 

8,877 

6,316 

4,311 

3,147 

2,357 

1,499 

1,041 

455 

273 

14 

95,344 

4,014 

1,711 

1 1 ,309 

14.483 

18,040 

14,904 

9,725 

6,700 

4,774 

3,578 

2,521 

1,687 

1.078 

515 

292 

13 

158 

34.8 

35.0 
34.5 
38.0 



197,023 

8.198 

3,809 

24.677 

28,883 

33,283 

30,373 

20,268 

15.041 

10,517 

7,994 

5,998 

3,683 

2,446 

1,203 

562 

88 

92,416 

3,491 

1,788 

1 1 .684 

13,270 

15.000 

14,510 

9,643 

7,278 

5,199 

3,758 

2,937 

1,756 

1,168 

605 

288 

41 

104,228 

4,694 

2,009 

12,953 

15,541 

18,229 

15,812 

10,582 

7,737 

5,303 

4,215 

3.049 

1,921 

1,274 

594 

272 

43 

379 

34.9 

35.3 
34.7 
34.9 



244,717 

9,470 

5,511 

31,526 

37,789 

42,292 

37,595 

23,463 

17.847 

12.419 

9,627 

7,355 

4,632 

2,977 

1,524 

680 

10 

115,114 

4,003 

2,474 

15,199 

17,717 

19,609 

18,090 

11,105 

8,651 

5.891 

4,457 

3,366 

2,131 

1,336 

742 

337 

6 

124,425 

5,344 

2,919 

15,823 

19,444 

21,899 

18,777 

1 1 ,856 

8.766 

6,186 

4,892 

3,734 

2,301 

1,493 

688 

301 

2 

5,178 

34.5 

34.6 
34.3 
37.9 



280,623 

10,440 

7,380 

38,736 

46,155 

49,878 

41.401 

26,000 

18,630 

13,387 

9,965 

7,781 

5,149 

3,262 

1,646 

807 

6 

133,982 

4,527 

3,301 

18,578 

22,340 

23.575 

20,201 

12,567 

8,995 

6,423 

4.778 

3,557 

2,420 

1,515 

817 

386 

2 

140,087 

5,717 

3,982 

19,364 

22,894 

25,179 

20,211 

12,733 

9,095 

6,576 

4.923 

4,024 

2,589 

1.650 

770 

377 

3 

6,554 

33.8 

33.9 
33.6 
35.7 



' Due to problems with the newly automated naturalization system, data on naturalizations for fiscal year 1984 are incomplete. Workload data on 
petitions granted, an approximation of actual naturalizations, indicate that nearly 23,000 naturalization cases are missing from the Chicago, Houston, and 
San Francisco districts. The missing cases are arrayed as follows: Chicago. 7,000 of 14,000 cases are missing; Houston, 3,000 of 4,500; and San 
Francisco, 13,000 of 27,000. These missing cases are not necessarily randomly distributed within each district. 

- Represents zero. 



92 



TABLES 54-67 



ENFORCEMENT 




- 



TABLE 54. 



ALIENS APPREHENDED, DEPORTED, AND REQUIRED TO DEPART 
FISCAL YEARS 1892-1986 



Year 



Apprehended' 



Aliens expelled 



Total 



Deported 



Required to depart-' 



2-1986 . 

■1900 . 

-10 

-20 

-30 

-40 

I-50 



-60 . 

51 .... 

52 .... 
j3 ... 
i4 .... 
55 .... 
i6 .... 
7 .... 
S8 .... 
i9 .... 



-70 . 

11 .... 
>2 .... 

3 .... 

4 .... 

5 .... 

6 .... 

7 .... 

8 ... 

9 ... 
.... 



80 

1 ... 

2 ... 

3 ... 

4 ... 



5 TO 



96 



22,742,467 

NA 

NA 

NA 

128.484 

147,457 

1,377,210 

3,598,949 

509.040 

543,535 

885,587 

1,089.583 

254,096 

87,696 

59,918 

53,474 

45,336 

70,684 

1,608,356 

88,823 

92,758 

88,712 

86,597 

110.371 

138,520 

161,608 

212,057 

283,557 

345,353 

8,321,498 

420,126 

505,949 

655,968 

788,145 

766,600 

875,915 

221,824 

1,042,215 

1,057,977 

1,076,418 

910,361 

7,560,513 

975,780 
970,246 
1,251,357 
1,246,981 
1,348,749 
1,767.400 



21,135,976 

3,127 

11,558 

27,912 

164,390 

210,416 

1,581,774 

4,013,547 

686,713 

723.959 

905,236 

1,101,228 

247,797 

88,188 

68,461 

67,742 

64,598 

59.625 

1,430,902 

59,821 

61.801 

76,846 

81.788 

105.406 

132,851 

151,603 

189.082 

251,463 

320,241 

7,478,496 

387,713 
467,193 
584,847 
737,564 
679,252 
793,092 
199,207 
897,243 
1,003,886 
992,025 
736,474 

6,213,854 

836,953 
823,731 
943,554 
930,539 
1,066,862 
1,611,471 



930,394 

3,127 

11.558 

27,912 

92,157 

117.086 

110,849 

129,887 

13.544 

20.181 

19,845 

26.951 

15,028 

7,297 

5,082 

7,142 

7,988 

6,829 

96,374 

7,438 

7,637 

7,454 

8,746 

10,143 

9,168 

9,260 

9,130 

10,505 

16,893 

231,684 

17,639 
16,266 
16,842 
18,824 
23,438 
27,998 
8.927 
30.228 
28,371 
25.888 
17,263 

109,760 

16,596 
14,154 
16,763 
18.006 
20.560 
22,937 



20,205,582 

NA 

NA 

NA 

72,233 

93,330 

1.470,925 

3,883,660 

673,169 

703,778 

885,391 

1,074,277 

232,769 

80.891 

63,379 

60,600 

56,610 

52.796 

1,334,528 

52,383 

54,164 

69,392 

73,042 

95,263 

123,683 

142,343 

179,952 

240.958 

303,348 

7,246,812 

370.074 
450.927 
568,005 
718.740 
655,814 
765,094 
190,280 
867,015 
975,515 
966,137 
719.211 

6,104,094 

820,357 
809,577 

926,791 

912,533 

1,046,302 

1,588,534 



liens apprehended first recorded in 1925. Prior to 1960, represents total aliens actually apprehended. Since 1960, figures are for total 

able aliens located, including nonwillful crewman violators. 

liens required to depart first recorded in 1927. 

I"E: NA Not available. See Glossary for definitions of fiscal years. 



95 



TABLE 55. DEPORTABLE ALIENS LOCATED BY STATUS AT ENTRY AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF NATIONALITY 

FISCAL YEAR 1986 





All located 


Status at entry 




Agricul- 
tural 
worker 


Visitor 


Student 


D-1 crewman 


D-2 crewman 


Immi- 
grant 


Stow- 
away 


Entry without 
inspection 


Other 


Region and country of nationality 


Nonwill- 
ful 
violator 


Willful 
violator 


Nonwill- 
ful 
violator 


Willful 
violator 




1,767,400 

8,172 

671 

639 

1.491 

5,371 

9,848 

1,757 
1,979 
6,112 

1,730,198 

7,440 

1,671,458 

6,961 

1,261 

20,604 

9,927 

12,547 

13,421 

7,505 
1,513 
4,403 

2,770 

2,991 


751 
6 

2 

4 

3 

2 

1 

587 

40 
212 

63 

94 
1 

10 
167 

131 

4 

1 

126 

1 

23 


30,459 

5,252 

220 

429 

1,004 

3,599 

5,334 
914 
972 

3,448 

13,856 

3,169 

6,368 

1,542 

580 

474 

420 

1,303 

3,302 

1,138 

485 

1,679 

1,361 

1,354 


5,108 

618 

47 

56 

198 

317 

1,485 
407 
192 
886 

934 

176 

154 

218 

92 

73 

66 

155 

519 

174 

66 

279 

1,066 

486 


2,375 

698 

308 
81 
45 

264 

978 

165 

300 
513 

319 

7 
9 
36 
89 
12 
13 
153 

103 

41 

2 

60 

35 

242 


481 

82 

36 

2 

11 

33 

143 

20 

19 

104 

133 

3 

31 

13 

3 

6 

77 

77 

29 

4 
44 

15 

31 


77 

9 

2 
3 
4 

15 

6 
9 

47 

3 

44 

6 

4 

1 
1 


51 

8 

1 
1 

6 

14 

2 

10 

2 

17 

1 
1 
1 

14 

8 

5 

3 
1 
3 


2,620 

192 

9 

20 

47 

116 

302 

24 
148 
130 

1,624 

54 

947 

167 

81 

59 

20 

296 

351 

204 

29 
118 

56 

95 


498 
5 

1 
4 

8 

2 

2 
4 

304 

4 

203 

19 

2 

8 

68 

163 

119 
23 
21 

5 

13 


1,720,321 

959 

32 

30 

80 

817 

813 

137 

51 

625 

1,709,344 

3,500 

1,661,997 

4,577 

245 

19,903 

9,338 

9,784 

8,475 

5,661 
881 

1,933 

152 
578 


4,65' 

34: 

1i 

11 

10i 

20 

75 

8 
27 
39 

3,03 

49 
1.76 

12 
4 
7 
4 

48 

28 

12 

2 

13 

7 

16 






Italy 








China' 
































Other 





' China includes Mainland China and Taiwan. 
- Represents zero. 



96 



TABLE 56. ALIENS EXCLUDED BY CAUSE 
FISCAL YEARS 1892-1986 



















Attempted 








Year 


Total 


Subversive 
or anarchist 


Criminal and 

violation o( 

narcotic laws 


Immoral 


Mental or 
physical 

ilefi'i i 


Likely to 

become 

public 

charge 


Stowaway 


entry without 
inspection or 

without 
proper docu- 
ments 


Contract 
laborer 


Unable to 

read (over 

16 years of 

age) 


Other 


2-1986 . 


637,928 


1,396 


14,835 


8,239 


82,624 


219,430 


16,288 


195,817 


41,941 


13,679 


43,679 


2-1900 . 


22.515 


_ 


65 


89 


1,309 


15.070 


- 


- 


5,792 


- 


190 


1-10 


108,211 


10 


1,681 


1,277 


24.425 


63,311 


- 


- 


12,991 


- 


4,516 


1-20 


178,109 


27 


4,353 


4,824 


42,129 


90,045 


1,904 


- 


15,417 


5,083 


14,327 


1-30 


189,307 


9 


2,082 


1,281 


11,044 


37,175 


8,447 


94,084 


6,274 


8.202 


20,709 


1-40 


68.217 


5 


1,261 


253 


1.530 


12,519 


2.126 


47,858 


1,235 


258 


1,172 


1-50 


30,263 


60 


1.134 


80 


1,021 


1,072 


3,182 


22,441 


219 


108 


946 


1-60 


20,585 


1,098 


1,791 


361 


956 


149 


376 


14,657 


13 


26 


1,158 


51 


3.784 


29 


337 


15 


337 


78 


121 


2,783 


1 


3 


80 


52 


2,944 


9 


285 


10 


67 


11 


74 


2,378 


5 


3 


102 


53 


3,637 


48 


266 


27 


130 


15 


47 


2.937 


3 


- 


164 


54 


3,313 


111 


299 


65 


127 


16 


2 


2,432 


- 


3 


258 


55 


2.667 


89 


216 


124 


113 


9 


15 


1,832 


- 


4 


265 


i6 


1.709 


117 


174 


64 


87 


14 


10 


1,079 


- 


5 


159 


i7 


907 


302 


103 


30 


40 


2 


14 


348 


3 


7 


58 


.8 


733 


255 


59 


18 


21 


1 


35 


299 


1 


1 


43 


•9 


480 


102 


27 


7 


18 


1 


34 


276 


- 


- 


15 


■0 


411 


36 


25 


1 


16 


2 


24 


293 


- 


- 


14 


•70 


4,831 


128 


383 


24 


145 


27 


175 


3,706 


- 


2 


241 


I 


743 


21 


29 


3 


7 


1 


29 


634 


- 


- 


19 


2 


388 


13 


34 


2 


23 


1 


17 


280 


- 


2 


16 


3 


309 


11 


23 


2 


22 


4 


19 


216 


- 


- 


12 


«1 


421 


16 


20 


4 


18 


- 


10 


343 


- 


- 


10 


5 


429 


12 


20 


4 


19 


2 


17 


333 


- 


- 


22 


6 


512 


10 


31 


2 


21 


1 


16 


415 


- 


- 


16 


7 


468 


13 


64 


3 


10 


- 


13 


322 


- 


- 


43 


1 


460 


7 


58 


1 


13 


6 


17 


323 


- 


- 


35 


'• 


525 


14 


65 


1 


8 


6 


15 


393 


- 


- 


23 


1 


576 


11 


39 


2 


4 


6 


22 


447 


- 


- 


45 


BO 


8,455 


32 


837 


20 


31 


31 


30 


7,237 


_ 


- 


237 




655 


11 


49 


1 


11 


2 


21 


536 


- 


- 


24 




617 


8 


60 


5 


5 


3 


4 


511 


- 


- 


21 




504 


2 


58 


1 


5 


6 


- 


415 


- 


- 


17 




589 


4 


93 


- 


2 


3 


- 


451 


- 


- 


36 




994 


- 


91 


3 


4 


5 


1 


854 


- 


- 


36 





1,228 


- 


75 


1 


1 


7 


- 


1,122 


- 


- 


22 


9 TG 


318 


- 


23 


- 


- 


- 


- 


288 


- 


- 


7 





1,035 


- 


146 


2 


3 


2 


1 


865 


- 


- 


16 




906 


1 


81 


3 


- 


1 


- 


798 


- 


- 


22 





937 


4 


95 


1 


- 


2 


2 


817 


- 


- 


16 




672 


2 


66 


3 


- 


- 


1 


580 


- 


- 


20 


6 


7,435 


27 


1,248 


30 


34 


31 


48 


5,834 


- 


- 


183 





659 


5 


152 


4 


1 


- 


- 


486 


- 


- 


11 





698 


4 


183 


10 


- 


13 


2 


478 


- 


- 


8 




979 


1 


205 


8 


- 


6 


2 


728 


- 


- 


29 





1,221 


- 


164 


2 


3 


4 


4 


993 


- 


- 


51 


a 


1,637 


5 


274 


4 


6 


7 


29 


1,263 


- 


- 


49 


L 


2,241 


12 


270 


2 


24 


1 


11 


1,886 


- 


- 


35 



presents zero. 

From 1941-53, figures represent all exclusions at sea and air ports and exclusions of aliens seeking entry for 30 days or longer at land ports. 
5 aliens excluded after formal hearings. See Glossary for definitions of fiscal years. 



After 1953. 



97 



TABLE 57. 



ALIENS EXCLUDED BY REGION AND COUNTRY OF BIRTH 
FISCAL YEARS 1981-86 



Region and country 
of birth 



1981 



1982 



1983 



1984 



1985 



All countries 



Europe 

Austria 

Belgium 

Bulgaria 

Czechoslovakia 

Denmark 

Finland 

France 

German Dem. Rep. . 
Germany, Fed. Rep. 

Greece 

Hungary 

Iceland 

Ireland 

Italy 

Luxembourg 

Malta 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

U.S.S.R 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 



Asia 

Afghanistan 

Bahrain 

Bangladesh 

Brunei 

Cambodia 

China, Mainland 

Christmas Island 

Cyprus 

Hong Kong 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Iraq 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Kuwait 

Lebanon 

Macau 

Malaysia 

Nepal 

Oman 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Saudi Arabia 

Singapore 

Sri Lanka 

Syria 

Taiwan 

Thailand 

Turkey 

United Arab Emirates 
Vietnam 



659 
43 



3 
7 
1 

1 
4 

1 
1 

12 
3 



83 
2 



Africa .... 

Angola . 



2 
32 



1 

1 

22 

2 



19 



698 

51 

1 

1 

1 

3 

8 
6 



1 
1 

2 
3 
1 
3 
1 
12 
2 

98 

1 



1 
10 



5 
13 

1 
8 

1 

2 

2 

10 



5 
31 



2 
47 



979 

53 

1 
2 



2 

1 
12 

7 

97 

1 

1 

12 



8 
26 

2 
1 
1 
1 
4 
2 
3 



77 



1,221 
53 



20 
6 



113 

4 



17 



6 

1 

1 
22 

1 
1 
3 
1 
13 
1 
8 



5 
21 



60 



1,637 

79 

1 
2 



1 
15 

5 
10 



5 
3 

1 
3 

1 

1 

14 

2 

180 

6 



5 

31 

1 

11 

1 

1 

13 

6 

2 

1 

7 



1 
26 

39 

1 
5 
5 

1 
4 



81 

1 



98 



TABLE 57. ALIENS EXCLUDED BY REGION AND COUNTRY OF BIRTH 
FISCAL YEARS 1981-86— Continued 



Region and country 
of birth 


1981 


1982 


1983 


1984 


1985 


1986 


Benin 


1 

2 

2 

1 
2 

2 

9 

9 

5 

1 
3 

426 

49 
84 

274 

6 

1 
5 

1 

29 

1 

91 

15 

11 
98 

1 

3 

12 

19 


4 

2 

1 
2 

2 
6 

2 

1 

26 

1 

15 

1 

2 

1 
2 
9 

382 

35 

56 

1 

262 

1 

3 

1 

106 

6 

1 
68 
67 

3 
6 

28 


1 
1 

7 

1 

15 

3 

1 

43 

1 

1 
1 
2 

12 

1 
1 

2 

5 
3 

552 

53 
279 

203 

5 
4 

1 

3 

71 
8 

39 
60 

1 

1 
1 
3 
6 

17 


1 

3 
1 

1 

12 

1 

2 

1 

2 

28 

2 
1 
2 

1 

1 
1 

10 
2 

2 

1 

2 
3 

802 

44 
427 

286 

1 

4 

1 

4 

155 

2 

1 

36 

73 

2 

2 

5 

45 


1 

16 

1 
2 

1 

51 

2 
3 
1 

2 

10 

2 

1 

6 

1 

1,021 

73 

264 

1 

633 

2 

7 

1 

5 

4 

239 

1 

250 

116 

1 
1 

2 

4 
50 




Burkina Faso 


1 


Burundi 


- 


Cameroon 


- 


Cape Verde 


1 


Djibouti 


1 


Egypt 


1 


Equatorial Guinea 


7 


Ethiopia 


- 


Gambia, The 


- 


Ghana 


- 


Guinea 


27 


Ivory Coast 


- 


Kenya 


1 


Liberia 


1 


Libya 


2 


Madagascar 


- 


Malawi 


1 


Mali 


- 


Mauritius 


- 


Morocco 


1 


Niger 


3 


Nigeria 


12 


Reunion 


62 


Senegal 


- 


Sierra Leone 


10 


Somalia 


- 


South Africa 


1 


Tanzania 


2 


Togo 


1 


Uganda 


4 




- 


Zambia 


1 


Zimbabwe 


- 


Oceania 


1 




5 


Fiji 


1 


New Zealand 


- 


Pacific Is, Trust Ter 


- 


Solomon Islands 


2 


Tonga 


- 


Western Samoa 


2 


North America 


1,393 


Mexico 


79 


United States 


180 


Caribbean 


1 


Antigua-Barbuda 


1,055 


Bahamas, The 


2 


Barbados 


6 


Bermuda 


1 


British Virgin Is 


- 


Cayman Islands 


- 


Cuba 


- 


Dominica 


29 


Dominican Republic 


37 


Grenada 


382 


Guadeloupe 


- 


Haiti 


- 


Jamaica 


496 


Martinique 


90 


Netherlands Antilles 


- 


Puerto Rico 


1 


St. Kitts-Nevis 


2 


St. Lucia 


2 


St. Vincent & Grenadines .... 
Trinidad & Tobago 


3 


Turks & Caicos Is 


3 


Central America 


1 
78 



99 



TABLE 57. ALIENS EXCLUDED BY REGION AND COUNTRY OF BIRTH 
FISCAL YEARS 1981-86— Continued 



Region and country 
of birth 


1981 


1982 


1983 


1984 


1985 


1986 




4 
3 
3 

1 
1 
4 
3 

79 

1 
1 
1 
3 
9 

58 

5 

1 


2 

1 
7 
1 
1 
14 
2 

104 

2 

3 
1 
1 
69 
1 

25 
1 
1 

1 


3 
1 
2 
2 
2 
3 
4 

188 

1 

3 

120 

11 

45 

1 
5 

1 

1 


8 
2 
9 
6 

11 
7 
2 

182 

2 
2 
5 
4 
126 
5 

29 

5 

1 

3 

1 


4 
2 
21 
6 
4 
8 
5 

266 

1 
5 
5 

30 
186 

10 
2 

14 

6 

1 
6 


5 




9 




27 




7 




15 




5 




10 




233 




3 




3 


Brazil 


8 


Chile 


5 




162 




21 




- 




17 




_ 




4 




_ 




2 




8 


Unknown or not reported 


10 



Represents zero. 



101 



TABLE 58. ALIENS UNDER DOCKET CONTROL REQUIRED TO DEPART 

BY REGION AND COUNTRY OF NATIONALITY 

CALENDAR YEARS 1980-86 



Region and country 
of nationality 



All countries . 



Europe 

Albania 

Andorra 

Austria 

Belgium 

Bulgaria 

Czechoslovakia 

Denmark 

Estonia 

Finland 

France 

German Dem. Rep. 

Germany Fed. Rep. 

Greece 

Hungary 

Iceland 

Ireland 

Italy 

Latvia 

Liechtenstein 

Lithuania 

Luxembourg 

Malta 

Monaco 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

San Marino 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

U.S.S.R 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia , 



Asia 

Afghanistan 

Bahrain 

Bangladesh 

Bhutan 

Brunei 

Burma 

Cambodia 

China, Mainland . 

Cyprus 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Iraq 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Kuwait 

Laos 

Lebanon 

Malaysia 

Nepal 

Oman 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Qatar 

Saudi Arabia 

Singapore 



1980 



43.594 

3,937 
2 

38 

24 

4 

14 

44 

4 

29 

184 

234 

622 

26 

9 

64 

361 

1 

1 

5 

1 

83 

39 

373 

154 

11 

132 

63 

45 

16 

1,244 

110 

5,430 

20 

1 
42 

1 

8 

5 

321 

17 

423 

59 

1,310 

35 

148 

470 

86 

244 

14 

3 

162 

24 

2 

1 

201 

1,023 

3 

45 

19 



1981 



51,816 

5,247 
3 

38 
35 
7 
16 
59 
3 
30 
221 
8 
317 
754 
39 
16 
80 
424 
14 
2 
2 
3 
7 
11 
178 
263 
397 
215 
15 
1 
352 
119 
99 
13 
1,334 
172 

5,644 

14 

2 

42 

1 

16 

2 

453 

24 

565 

68 

688 

45 

200 

558 

103 

314 

20 

2 

144 

39 

8 

12 

255 

1,155 

3 

61 

28 



1982 



47,444 
4,334 

2 

28 
33 
8 
11 
47 
4 
36 
203 
23 
302 
532 
158 
9 
111 
328 
2 
3 
4 
9 
5 
5 
110 
40 
476 
195 
23 
1 
160 
139 
87 
9 
1,127 
104 

5,863 

23 

10 

42 

6 

14 

48 
712 

29 
654 

71 
460 

61 
194 
503 
128 
378 

26 

8 

156 

49 

24 

12 

300 

1,123 

8 

86 

25 



1983 



39,979 

3,173 

2 

1 

33 

18 

3 

12 

47 

2 

14 

185 

19 

159 

325 

67 

5 

90 

194 



2 
10 

4 

71 

29 

341 

245 

25 

104 
80 
54 
18 

919 
87 

4,597 

18 
4 

23 
6 

24 

1 

597 

19 
508 
107 
354 

49 
168 
378 

89 
358 

20 

3 

131 

49 

27 

12 

289 

721 

3 

43 

12 



1984 



36,684 
2,425 



25 
23 

5 

21 

4 

12 

133 

20 

110 

238 

43 

4 

55 

165 

3 

1 

3 

2 

3 

2 

61 

9 

326 

141 

18 

76 
41 
52 
11 
750 
68 

3,979 

9 

2 

45 

4 

18 

8 

490 

12 

479 

34 

300 

26 

133 

378 

73 

312 

7 

2 

95 

49 

7 

7 

289 

628 

2 

28 

21 



1985 



38,115 
2,272 



29 

18 

11 
16 

14 
121 

17 
116 
206 

23 
4 

76 
162 



2 

1 
2 

75 

13 

231 

119 

10 

1 

68 

39 

43 

20 

740 

95 

3,808 

18 

4 

85 

8 

1 

5 

1 

523 

13 

469 

37 

304 

40 

133 

352 

47 

283 

6 

2 

70 

36 

9 

307 

560 

2 

22 

15 



1986 



18,801 
1,215 



13 

11 

1 

5 

22 

2 

8 

82 

3 

90 

57 

18 

4 

32 

99 



48 

11 

160 

56 

6 

1 

33 

26 

20 

3 

312 

86 

2,126 

5 

1 

38 

2 

1 
3 

192 

2 

221 

25 
224 

24 

74 
173 

33 

143 

6 

64 

21 

3 

1 

115 

492 

2 

15 

5 



101 



TABLE 58. ALIENS UNDER DOCKET CONTROL REQUIRED TO DEPART 

BY REGION AND COUNTRY OF NATIONALITY 
CALENDAR YEARS 1980-86— Continued 



Region and country 
of nationality 



1980 



1981 



1982 



1983 



1984 



1985 



Sri Lanka 

Syria 

Taiwan 

Thailand 

Turkey 

United Arab Emirates 

Vietnam 

Yemen (Aden) 

Yemen (Sanaa) 

Africa 

Algeria 

Angola 

Benin 

Botswana 

Burkina Faso 

Burundi 

Cameroon 

Cape Verde 

Central African Rep .. 

Chad 

Congo 

Egypt 

Equatorial Guinea 

Ethiopia 

Gambia, The 

Ghana 

Guinea 

Guinea-Bissau 

Ivory Coast 

Kenya 

Lesotho 

Liberia 

Libya 

Madagascar 

Malawi 

Mali 

Mauritania 

Mauritius 

Morocco 

Mozambique 

Namibia 

Niger 

Nigeria 

Rwanda 

Senegal 

Seychelles 

Sierra Leone 

Somalia 

South Africa 

Sudan 

Swaziland 

Tanzania 

Togo 

Tunisia 

Uganda 

Zaire 

Zambia 

Zimbabwe 

Oceania 

Australia 

Fiji 

Kiribati 

Nauru 

New Zealand 

Pacific Is. Trust Ter ... 
Papua New Guinea ... 

Solomon Islands 

Tonga 



25 

44 

368 

203 

86 

1 

7 

6 

3 

692 

28 

1 
1 
1 



1 

2 

122 

25 

2 

84 



5 
30 

3 
27 
35 



6 
18 

9 

3 

165 

3 
1 

21 
2 

33 
9 
1 

9 
1 
2 

26 
4 
6 



298 

90 
21 



59 

27 

1 

41 



34 

53 

403 

223 

87 

2 

12 

6 

2 

928 

14 
2 
1 

1 
2 
8 



3 
159 

31 
6 
104 
2 
1 
2 

30 
1 

66 

22 

4 
2 
2 
5 
23 
3 
7 
7 
249 
1 



31 

6 

52 

25 

3 

9 

7 
11 
9 
6 
7 

336 

114 
21 



71 
42 



2 

47 



46 

63 

220 

216 

142 

2 

19 

2 

3 

1,167 

16 

1 
1 



1 

16 

9 



2 
195 

56 
8 
104 
1 
1 
8 

30 
2 

82 

28 
1 
3 
1 

2 
26 

4 

15 

316 

1 
3 

28 
7 

61 

45 
4 

22 
2 
8 

28 
9 
9 

11 

365 

105 
23 

1 

39 
56 



35 



39 

43 

190 

188 

102 

3 

14 

3 

2 

97 

16 



157 

49 

5 

107 

6 

6 

25 

2 

60 

23 

1 

1 



2 
17 
1 
2 
6 
240 
1 
4 

40 
7 

43 

31 
2 

17 

13 
19 
9 
12 
17 

272 

64 

14 



37 

61 



51 



36 

50 

172 

158 

85 

18 
2 



837 

7 
3 



5 
12 
22 

2 

1 
91 

2 
33 

3 
97 
1 
5 
5 
23 

60 

14 



1 
15 

7 

11 

204 

1 
32 

4 
33 
11 
27 
26 

2 
13 

14 

19 

9 

5 

13 

221 

32 
11 

1 
32 
53 

1 

46 



31 

20 

165 

136 

85 

3 

12 

3 

1 

722 

8 
2 

3 
5 
2 
4 
19 



85 

36 

6 

90 



1 
14 



64 
12 



1 

16 

1 

7 

16 

206 

3 

3 

33 
5 

22 

16 
1 

17 
1 
5 

10 

6 
1 

222 

54 
16 

1 

43 
15 

1 

49 



102 



FRAME 14 FRIDAY, AUGUST 21, 1987. CLOCK TIME 11:06:11.42. 



TABLE 58. ALIENS UNDER DOCKET CONTROL REQUIRED TO DEPART 

BY REGION AND COUNTRY OF NATIONALITY 
CALENDAR YEARS 1980-86— Continued 



Region and country 
of nationality 



1980 



1981 



1982 



1983 



1984 



1985 



1986 



Vanuatu 

Western Samoa 

North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Antigua-Barbuda 

Bahamas, The 

Barbados 

Cuba 

Dominica 

Dominican Republic 

Grenada 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

St. Kitts-Nevis 

St. Lucia 

St. Vincent & Grenadines 

Trinidad & Tobago 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Paraguay 

Peru 

Sunname 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Stateless or not reported 



59 

28,929 

702 

16.625 

3,425 

3 

45 

211 

69 

4 

1,065 

59 

831 

792 

4 

1 

341 

8,177 

1 
159 
5,071 
2,006 
433 
388 
119 

4,304 

279 

102 

195 

209 

1,382 

815 

367 

19 

580 

1 

147 

208 



39 

34,997 

801 

23,725 

4,050 

23 

57 

250 

42 

7 

1.328 

124 

896 

982 

2 

2 

337 

6,421 

10 
173 
3.667 
1.576 
480 
317 
198 

4,645 

246 

125 

203 

220 

1.542 

846 

372 

24 

599 

3 

187 

278 

19 



106 

30,549 

1,065 

19,127 

4,990 

81 

59 

238 

106 

29 

1,441 

153 

1,277 

1.214 

3 

11 

17 

361 

5,367 

50 

266 

2,655 

1,429 

476 

311 

180 

5,124 
278 

131 

223 

245 

1,924 

807 

377 

31 

605 

8 

178 

317 

42 



45 

26,168 

862 

16.651 

4,539 

66 

53 

161 

84 

43 

1,262 

131 

1,267 

1,099 

22 

24 

19 

308 

4,116 

39 

217 

1,996 

987 

465 

274 

138 

4,732 

184 

172 

220 

199 

1,997 

598 

367 

19 

559 

4 

111 

302 

66 



45 

24,702 

588 

15,646 

4,599 

65 

36 

181 

36 

54 

1,525 

126 

971 

1.235 

46 

21 

25 

278 

3,869 

86 

148 

1.939 

875 

473 

221 

127 

4,453 
149 

79 
176 
146 
2.137 
587 
424 

18 

496 

4 

98 
139 

67 



1 
42 

25,986 

452 

13,712 

7,028 

78 

33 

190 

32 

52 

2.110 

174 

2,682 

1,238 

44 

27 

33 

335 

4,794 

111 

151 

2,384 

1,254 

568 

202 

124 

5,094 

158 
109 
200 
137 
2,431 
694 
685 

29 

444 

5 

116 

86 

11 



20 

13,017 

258 

8,123 

1,610 

37 

10 

37 

20 

33 

592 

33 

342 

379 

26 

18 

8 

75 

3,026 

29 

53 

1,774 

664 

281 

191 

34 

1,868 

73 

63 

88 

62 

910 

185 

135 

8 

264 

2 

34 

44 

1 



Represents zero. 



103 



TABLE 59. ALIENS UNDER DOCKET CONTROL REQUIRED TO DEPART 

BY CAUSE AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF NATIONALITY 

FISCAL YEAR 1986 



Region and country 
of nationality 



Total 



Criminal 



Violation of 

narcotic 

laws 



Previously 
excluded 

or 
deported 



Mental or 
physical 
defect 



Entered 

without 

proper 

documents 



Failed to 
maintain or 
comply 
with con- 
ditions of 
nonimmi- 
grant 
status 



Entered 

without 

inspection 

or by false 

statements 



Miscel- 
laneous 



Not re- 
ported 



All countries 

Europe 

France 

Germany, Federal Rep. 

Greece 

Italy 

Poland 

Portugal 

United Kingdom 

Other Europe 

Asia 

China, Mainland 

India 

Iran 

Israel 

Japan 

Korea 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Taiwan 

Thailand 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Nigeria 

Other Africa 

Oceania 

North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Dominican Republic ... 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

Trinidad & Tobago 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Other Central America 

South America 

Argentina 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Peru 

Other South America .... 

Stateless or not reported 



28,007 

1,719 

91 
120 
109 
132 
243 
114 
468 
442 

2,989 

330 
351 
306 
102 
212 
193 
192 
550 
153 
104 
496 

553 

166 
387 

210 

19,406 

377 
11.615 

3,036 
968 
981 
587 
136 
364 

4,378 
106 

2,357 

1.133 
445 
211 
126 

3,123 

117 
135 
114 
1.536 
380 
265 
347 
229 



54 

7 
1 
2 



34 

19 

11 

3 



64 

9 

2 

2 



26 

10 

11 

4 



20 

1 
2 

10 
1 
2 



22 

1 



18 

1 

11 

4 



466 



9,197 



18,159 



31 


1,371 


293 


2 


69 


17 


1 


104 


10 


1 


84 


24 


1 


101 


27 


1 


213 


29 


2 


88 


24 


10 


368 


86 


13 


344 


76 


74 


2,442 


447 


6 


268 


54 


3 


251 


96 


2 


270 


34 


1 


79 


20 


6 


192 


14 


18 


129 


46 


2 


150 


39 


28 


459 


57 


1 


136 


16 


2 


100 


2 


5 


408 


69 


13 


480 


52 


2 


146 


14 


11 


334 


38 


5 


196 


9 


320 


3,274 


15,711 


36 


237 


73 


226 


847 


10,490 


28 


1,465 


1,530 


11 


262 


694 


11 


478 


492 


6 


359 


216 


- 


108 


28 


- 


258 


100 


30 


725 


3,618 


- 


65 


41 


11 


216 


2,128 


9 


173 


950 


3 


148 


293 


1 


60 


150 


6 


63 


56 


23 


1,430 


1,644 


4 


83 


28 


- 


108 


25 


1 


79 


33 


6 


487 


1,031 


3 


191 


185 


4 


141 


118 


4 


181 


161 


1 


160 


63 



Represents zero. 



104 



TABLE 60. ALIENS DEPORTED BY CAUSE 
FISCAL YEARS 1908-86 



Year 



Total 



Subver- 
sive or 
anarchist 



Criminal 



Immoral 



Violation 
of nar- 
cotic 
laws 



Mental or 
physical 
defect 



Previous- 
ly ex- 
cluded or 
deported 



Failed to 
maintain or 

comply 
with condi- 
tions of 
nonimmi- 
grant sta- 
tus 



Entered 

without 

proper 

documents 



Entered 

without 

inspection 

or by false 

statements 



Public 
charge 



Unable 
to read 
(over 16 
years of 
age) 



Other 



08-86 



O8-10 

1-20 . 
21-30 . 
31-40 . 
41-50 
51-60 

B1-70 . 

961 .... 

962 .... 

963 .... 

964 .... 

965 .... 

966 .... 

967 .... 

968 .... 

369 .... 

370 .... 



1-80 .... 

)71 

)72 

)73 

I74 

'75 

76 

'76 TQ 

'77 

78 

79 

80 



1-86 . 

81 
82 
83 

84 
35 

"86 



921,852 

6.888 

27,912 

92,157 

117.086 

110,849 

129,887 

96,374 

7,438 

7.637 

7.454 

8.746 

10,143 

9,168 

9.260 

9,130 

10,505 

16,893 

231,683 

17,639 
16,266 
16,842 
18,824 
23.438 
27.998 
8,927 
30,228 
28,371 
25,888 
17,262 

109,016 

16.596 
14.154 
16,763 
18.006 
20.560 
22,937 



1,543 



353 
642 
253 
17 
230 

15 

4 
2 

4 



3 
1 

18 
2 
2 

7 
3 



15 

2 
2 
2 

7 
2 



51,711 

236 

1,209 
8,383 
16.597 
8.945 
6,742 

3,694 

498 
493 
452 
417 
385 
323 
320 
266 
272 
268 

2,515 

286 
266 
226 
191 
225 
272 
83 
285 
220 
264 
197 

3,390 
192 

228 
538 
568 
728 
1,136 



16,615 

784 

4,324 
4,238 
4,838 
759 
1.175 

397 

73 
58 
61 
40 
53 
30 
29 
21 
14 
18 

67 

9 
7 
7 
7 
4 
8 
2 
6 
4 
9 
4 

33 



11,140 



374 

1.108 

822 

947 

1,462 

106 
131 
158 
146 
143 
130 
154 
137 
155 
202 

3,622 

232 
307 
395 
396 
583 
464 
110 
372 
314 
265 
184 

2,805 

159 
168 
296 
501 

713 
968 



27,320 

3,228 
6,364 
8.936 
6.301 
1.560 
642 

236 

54 
53 
29 
22 
23 
13 
14 

8 
12 

8 

38 

7 
3 
7 
7 
6 
2 

3 
1 
2 



15 

2 
6 
2 
1 
4 



41,829 



178 

1.842 

9,729 

17,642 

4,002 

3,601 

357 
353 
368 
373 
355 
336 
360 
345 
361 
393 

4,028 
476 
487 

594 
440 
526 
481 
141 
315 
236 
202 
130 

807 

120 

88 
115 
125 
147 
212 



135,466 



5,556 
14,669 
13.906 
25.260 

31,334 

3,020 
2,967 
2,302 
2.473 
3,241 
3,668 
3,126 
3,200 
2,901 
4,436 

33,725 

4,140 
3,966 
3,989 
3.839 
3,649 
3,782 
1,007 
3,150 
2,543 
1,901 
1.759 

11,016 

1,928 
1,716 
1.810 
1,801 
1,886 
1,875 



157,424 



31,704 
45,480 
14.288 
35.090 

11,831 

400 

378 

417 

688 

1.036 

984 

1,272 

1.356 

1,789 

3,511 

16,501 

2,979 

2,710 

2,247 

2.086 

1,896 

1,185 

271 

1.066 

871 

707 

483 

2,530 
470 

407 
448 
398 
441 
366 



422,858 

1,106 
4,128 
5,265 
5,159 
50,209 
54,457 

43,561 

2,916 
3,185 
3.642 
4,580 
4,881 
3.615 
3,947 
3,777 
4,983 
8,035 

170,955 

9,483 

8.486 

9,342 

11,839 

16,529 

21.777 

7,304 

25,012 

24,165 

22,525 

14,493 

88,018 

13.708 
11.520 
13,337 
14,551 
16,622 
18.280 



22,565 

474 

9.086 

10.703 

1,886 

143 

225 



31 
4 
6 
4 
2 
1 
1 
3 
1 
5 
3 
1 

9 
2 

1 
1 
1 
4 



16,762 



704 

5,977 

8.329 

1.746 

5 



16,619 

1,060 
1.566 
8,537 
2.737 
812 
1.112 

235 

8 
17 
20 

7 
24 
68 
36 
19 
15 
21 

182 

21 
26 
24 
14 
19 
24 
6 
15 
12 
10 
11 

378 

13 
19 
203 
52 
9 
82 



Represents zero. 
|DTE: Deportation statistics by cause were not available prior to fiscal year 1908. See Glossary for definitions of fiscal years. 



105 



TABLE 61. ALIENS DEPORTED BY REGION AND COUNTRY OF NATIONALITY 
CALENDAR YEARS 1980-86 



Region and country 
of nationality 



1980 



1981 



1982 



1983 



1984 



1985 



All countries 

Europe 

Albania 

Austria 

Belgium 

Bulgaria 

Czechoslovakia 

Denmark 

Estonia 

Finland 

France , 

German Dem. Rep. 
Germany Fed. Rep 

Greece 

Hungary 

Iceland 

Ireland 

Italy 

Latvia 

Lithuania 

Luxembourg 

Malta 

Monaco 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

San Marino 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

U.S.S.R 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Asia 

Afghanistan 

Bahrain 

Bangladesh 

Bhutan 

Burma 

Cambodia 

China, Mainland 

Cyprus 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Iraq 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Kuwait 

Lebanon 

Malaysia 

Nepal 

Oman 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Saudi Arabia 

Singapore 

Sri Lanka 

Syria 

Taiwan 

Thailand 

Turkey 

Vietnam 



14,716 

492 

3 
1 
2 
2 
2 
4 
3 
3 
16 

28 

137 

1 

2 

21 
1 
2 



12 
3 

21 
8 



16 

4 

3 

2 

183 

12 

572 

1 
1 

7 



1 
27 

3 

51 

18 

239 

13 

12 

16 

13 

1 

8 

4 

1 

24 

47 
3 

4 

3 
39 
28 

8 



17,062 

469 

5 
4 



5 

1 

3 

27 

34 

101 

2 

1 

7 

14 

2 

1 
1 

1 
9 
1 
16 
13 
3 

13 

1 

3 

2 

189 

10 

547 

2 

11 

1 

2 

1 

32 

5 

52 

7 

159 

1 

18 

14 

18 

18 

19 
5 

1 

31 

78 

2 

4 

6 

5 

33 

16 

5 



14,435 

415 

3 

5 

1 

3 

1 

2 

2 

26 

4 

29 

71 

15 

10 
22 



1 

2 

19 
2 
7 

13 
1 
1 

10 
4 
7 
2 
144 
8 

576 

3 

6 
4 
2 

35 

72 
18 
88 

13 
32 
15 
21 

13 

2 

3 

2 

40 

117 

5 

2 

9 

2 

10 

37 

24 



19,119 
411 



1 
25 

40 

51 

7 

9 

15 



11 
12 

1 

18 
6 
5 
2 
184 
6 

582 

2 

11 
8 
1 

36 

2 
43 

7 
67 

3 
30 
22 
16 
33 

2 
21 

3 
10 

8 

64 

108 

3 

1 
10 

4 
13 
26 
26 



18,230 
348 



26 

2 

33 

33 
7 

5 
12 



10 

1 
5 

7 



14 
2 
4 

154 
22 

499 



16 

1 



18 

1 

51 

4 

63 

5 

16 

33 

21 

50 

21 
2 
5 
4 
51 
72 
3 

9 

5 

10 

20 

12 

3 



21,304 

348 

1 

6 
5 

3 

3 

2 
26 

8 
39 
39 

6 

11 
11 



1 
9 
2 
10 
9 
2 

14 

4 
4 

117 
16 

533 

2 

12 



36 

49 

5 

86 

7 

18 

30 

31 

32 

2 

18 

3 

1 

2 

36 

102 

3 

2 

3 

9 

12 

18 

13 



106 



TABLE 61. ALIENS DEPORTED BY REGION AND COUNTRY OF NATIONALITY 
CALENDAR YEARS 1980-86— Continued 



Region and country 
of nationality 



1980 



1981 



1982 



1983 



1984 



1985 



1986 



Yemen (Aden) ... 
Yemen (Sanaa) . 



Africa 

Algeria 

Benin 

Botswana 

Burkina Faso 

Cameroon 

Cape Verde 

Central African Rep 

Chad 

Comoros 

Congo 

Egypt 

Equatorial Guinea .... 

Ethiopia 

Gabon 

Gambia. The 

Ghana 

Guinea 

Guinea-Bissau 

Ivory Coast 

Kenya 

Liberia 

Libya 

Madagascar 

Mali 

Mauritius 

Morocco 

Mozambique 

Namibia 

Niger 

Nigeria 

Rwanda 

Senegal 

Sierra Leone 

Somalia 

South Africa 

Sudan 

Swaziland 

Tanzania 

Tunisia 

Uganda 

Zaire 

Zambia 

Zimbabwe 



Oceania 

Australia 

Fiji 

New Zealand 

Pacific Is, Trust Ter . 

Tonga 

Western Samoa 



North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Antigua-Barbuda 

Bahamas. The 

Barbados 

Cuba 

Dominica 

Dominican Republic 

Grenada 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

St. Kitts-Nevis 

St. Lucia 



170 

10 



1 

11 



2 
25 



1 
88 



35 

8 
2 
2 
10 
7 
6 

12,715 

269 

9,612 

417 

4 
3 

7 

255 

2 

25 

92 



228 

4 
1 



27 



25 



1 

4 

20 

2 

1 



2 
110 



11 
1 
1 
4 

1 
2 



70 

10 
3 
7 
17 
19 
14 

14,964 
276 

10,276 
429 

1 

8 
6 
4 

261 

3 

17 

108 



282 

2 



1 
15 

1 
14 

6 
29 



11 

17 

2 



2 

7 

1 

2 

124 



57 

11 
3 

10 
23 
10 

12,225 
293 

8,438 

391 

3 

9 

3 

6 

4 

169 

4 

22 

155 



304 

1 

1 
7 
1 
1 
25 
8 



21 

2 

1 

6 

17 



5 
159 

1 
8 

2 

7 
9 



3 
3 
2 
1 
1 

50 

8 
2 
1 
7 
25 
7 

16,815 

316 

10,933 

431 

4 

13 

10 

28 

6 

176 

2 

26 

128 



2 
1 

360 

4 

1 



18 

2 



2 
35 



1 

9 

17 

3 



1 

11 

193 

18 
8 
3 
8 
4 

1 
5 
1 
1 



76 

12 

8 

7 

11 

32 

6 

15,799 

291 

10,697 

627 

8 

12 

16 

15 

8 

310 

5 

40 

163 

8 

2 



379 

3 

1 
1 
6 
1 



17 
4 



3 
38 



1 

5 

26 

1 



1 
15 
220 
1 
2 
6 
1 
6 
1 

11 

1 
1 



76 

9 
4 
2 
9 
34 
18 

18,479 

267 

1 1 ,066 

602 

5 

12 

10 

15 

6 

192 

7 

86 

231 

2 

4 



356 

3 



1 

11 

1 

3 
29 

1 
3 
3 
15 
3 



1 
7 

1 

31 
214 

1 
7 
1 
5 
1 



55 

8 
5 
2 
6 
23 
11 

19,286 
218 

1 1 ,008 

569 

4 

27 

4 

7 

12 

175 

4 

115 

188 

2 

4 



107 



TABLE 61. ALIENS DEPORTED BY REGION AND COUNTRY OF NATIONALITY 
CALENDAR YEARS 1980-86— Continued 



Region and country 
of nationality 


1980 


1981 


1982 


1983 


1984 


1985 


1986 


St. Vincent & Grenadines .... 


29 
2,417 

18 

1,773 

448 

119 

27 

32 

732 

32 

5 

9 

62 

358 

134 

18 

3 

76 

18 
17 


21 
3,983 

2 

27 

2,722 

637 

503 

50 

42 

784 

20 
15 
21 
35 
406 
116 
34 

106 

19 
12 


1 

15 

3,103 

9 

31 

2,066 

640 

264 

54 

39 

877 

28 

22 

33 

28 

442 

154 

28 

4 

100 

3 

13 

22 

3 


1 

36 

5,135 

13 

88 

3,396 

1.000 

533 

59 

46 

948 

25 

32 

30 

33 

518 

125 

34 

11 

89 

1 

17 

33 

9 


1 

39 

4,184 

41 

47 

2,609 

907 

467 

64 

49 

1,130 

34 

51 

35 

30 

675 

132 

34 

4 

80 

1 

4 

50 

18 


1 

31 

6,544 

77 

49 

3,339 

1,958 

916 

163 

42 

1,486 

36 

52 

35 

30 

947 

151 

27 

6 

143 

1 

17 

41 

3 


1 
26 




7,491 




94 




61 




3,596 




2,468 




1,079 




147 




46 




1,640 




39 




62 


Brazil 


85 


Chile 


29 




1,057 




163 




15 




5 




111 




1 




29 




44 




1 







Represents zero. 



108 



TABLE 62. ALIENS DEPORTED BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY TO WHICH DEPORTED 

FISCAL YEARS 1977-86 



Region and country 
to which deported 



1977 



1978 



1979 



1980 



1981 



1982 



1983 



1984 



1985 



1986 



All countries 

Europe 

France 

Germany 

Germany. Federal Rep. .. 
German Democratic Rep 

Greece 

Portugal 

United Kingdom 

Other Europe 

Asia 

Hong Kong 

India 

Iran 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Ghana 

Niger 

Nigeria 

Other Africa 

Oceania 

Tonga 

Other Oceania 

North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Dominican Republic 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

Trinidad & Tobago 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Peru 

Venezuela 

Other South America 

Unknown or not reported .. 



30,228 

734 

25 

47 

(') 

(') 

396 
15 
90 

161 

635 

131 
46 
41 
24 
16 
19 
49 
72 

237 

239 

53 

86 
100 

56 

13 
43 

26,884 
476 

19,656 

632 

181 

87 

146 

62 

156 

6,120 

91 

59 

3,877 

1,687 

250 

97 

59 

1,655 

83 

36 

20 

114 

605 

536 

55 

150 

23 

33 

25 



28,371 

562 

17 
36 

(') 

(') 

291 
19 
63 

136 

513 

73 
41 
41 
20 
9 
16 
31 
93 
189 

260 

58 

98 

104 

43 

10 
33 

25,515 

430 

19,451 

526 

201 

73 

103 

42 

107 

5,108 

66 

57 

3,415 

1,285 

185 

53 

47 

1,461 

58 

18 

15 

90 

559 

466 

48 

162 

20 

25 

17 



25,828 

389 

25 

34 

(') 

(') 

155 
14 
58 

103 

392 

69 
35 
39 
27 
13 
12 
33 
52 
112 

212 

42 

102 
68 

30 

7 
23 

23,627 

412 

17,777 

513 

233 

63 

95 

29 

93 

4,925 

63 

22 

3,471 

1,087 

207 

52 

23 

1,159 

34 
16 

43 
492 
347 

33 
141 

26 

27 

19 



17,262 

394 

21 

39 

(') 

(') 

142 

5 

83 

104 

530 

41 
46 

170 
16 
20 
14 
27 
52 

144 

178 

21 

95 
62 

43 

10 
33 

15,291 

331 

11,159 

498 

260 

33 

101 

34 

70 

3,303 

47 

24 

2,390 

644 

137 

20 

41 

820 

35 

5 

12 

59 

367 

179 

25 

97 

19 

22 



16,596 

307 

24 
41 

(') 

(') 

94 

5 

63 

80 

499 

31 
51 

152 
15 
19 
14 
27 
60 

130 

177 

21 

88 
68 

59 

18 
41 

14,843 

345 

10,452 

492 

307 

12 

96 

24 

53 

3,554 

70 

23 

2,333 

557 

487 

40 

44 

706 

28 
13 
15 
30 
368 
96 
32 
87 
18 
19 



14,154 

333 

26 

(') 
31 
5 
77 
18 
78 
98 

480 

20 
57 
76 
29 
10 
19 
23 
101 
145 

270 

21 

144 
105 

67 

22 
45 

12,182 

315 

8,387 

376 

146 

13 

144 

20 

53 

3,104 

59 

24 

2,118 

587 

211 

60 

45 

818 

23 
20 
28 
26 
428 
143 
24 
98 
15 
13 



16,763 

299 

30 
(') 
43 

3 
56 

5 
84 
78 

485 

18 
44 
61 
22 
18 
30 
30 
108 
154 

277 

32 

2 

131 

112 

52 

26 
26 

14,808 

357 

9,327 

417 

166 

14 

136 

24 

77 

4,707 

76 

58 

3.104 

917 

471 

43 

38 

839 

17 
28 
22 
36 
460 
116 
27 
89 
30 
14 



18,006 

281 

25 

(') 
47 

3 
40 

9 
87 
70 

468 

23 
49 
57 
28 
17 
37 
31 
102 
124 

347 

35 

1 

200 

111 

73 

29 
44 

15,741 

477 

10,510 

618 

300 

35 

159 

39 

85 

4,136 

83 

53 

2,585 

880 

469 

41 

25 

1,090 

43 
48 
36 
25 
624 
150 
30 
81 
41 
12 



20,560 

264 

22 

(') 

38 

4 

32 

8 

63 

97 

500 

23 
42 
63 
39 
27 
34 
35 
100 
137 

367 

39 

18 

198 

112 

90 

34 
56 

18,060 

393 

11.368 

525 

168 

56 

195 

32 

74 

5,774 

114 

41 

3,034 

1,634 

792 

124 

35 

1,273 

27 

50 

21 

22 

821 

134 

26 

115 

35 

22 



22,937 

328 

31 

(') 
35 
4 
23 
25 
91 

119 

583 

27 
58 
85 
38 
27 
29 
59 
120 
140 

355 

28 

32 

226 

69 

68 

26 
42 

19,866 

306 

11,475 

629 

188 

128 

212 

26 

75 

7,456 

126 

51 

3,687 

2,329 

1,064 

155 

44 

1,732 

48 
51 
88 
47 
1,112 

163 
24 

130 
46 
23 



Prior to fiscal year 1982, data for Federal Republic of Germany and German Democratic Republic are included in 
Germany. 
- Represents zero. 



109 



TABLE 63. ALIENS DEPORTED BY CAUSE AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF NATIONALITY 

FISCAL YEAR 1986 



Region and country 
of nationality 


Total 


Criminal 


Violation of 
narcotic laws 


Previously 

excluded or 

deported 


Entered 
without 
proper docu- 
ments 


Failed to 

maintain or 

comply with 

conditions of 

nonimmigrant 

status 


Entered 

without 

inspection or 

by false 
statements 


Miscel- 
laneous 




22,937 

379 

31 
32 
27 
30 
133 
126 

621 

34 

66 

106 

35 

28 

30 

61 

119 

142 

381 

30 
245 
106 

62 

25 
37 

19,750 

227 

1 1 ,384 

637 

25 

197 

141 

207 

31 

36 

7,502 

90 

54 

3,690 

2,369 

1,074 

174 

51 

1,743 

50 
52 
88 
40 
1.112 

167 
24 

137 
47 
26 

1 


1,136 

26 

2 

4 
1 
2 
10 
7 

27 

3 
2 
2 
1 

1 

3 

15 

27 

1 

17 

9 

2 

2 

1,031 

58 

842 

38 

4 

14 

2 

12 

4 

2 

93 

1 

1 

53 

21 

9 

1 

7 

23 

1 
1 

14 
3 

3 

1 


968 
23 

2 

2 

8 

11 

33 

2 
5 

1 
1 
3 
1 
20 

23 

1 

14 

8 

2 

2 

684 

26 
523 

75 
4 

18 
4 

40 
4 
5 

60 
8 
2 

30 
6 
2 
1 

11 

203 

6 
16 
15 

1 
126 

9 

4 
15 
10 

1 


212 

4 

1 

2 

1 

5 

1 

1 
3 

3 

1 
2 

1 
1 

186 

10 

133 

10 

3 

5 

1 

1 

33 

1 

1 

14 

11 

5 

1 

13 

11 

1 
1 


366 

9 

1 

1 
1 
4 
2 

26 

4 
4 

1 

3 

11 

3 

12 

1 
7 
4 

1 

1 

303 

10 

242 

18 

7 

1 
9 

1 

33 

7 
2 
11 
7 
5 
1 

15 

1 

1 
7 
2 
1 
1 
1 
1 


1,875 

207 

17 
19 
19 
10 
77 
65 

410 

23 
26 
91 
25 
19 
18 
40 
88 
80 

259 

18 

167 

74 

49 

24 
25 

649 

79 
276 
151 

8 
35 
19 
70 
10 

9 
143 

8 

9 
33 
36 
35 

8 
14 

300 

24 

7 

30 

22 

127 

23 

12 

35 

18 

2 

1 


18,280 

104 

10 
9 
3 
13 
31 
38 

111 

7 

34 

6 

7 

5 

8 

13 

12 

19 

56 

8 
38 
10 

6 

1 
5 

16,818 

39 

9,308 

341 

9 

117 

114 

71 

11 

19 

7,130 

63 

39 

3,546 

2,284 

1,017 

163 

18 

1,185 

20 

27 

42 

15 

824 

130 

6 

82 

17 

22 


100 




6 




1 












2 




1 




2 


Asia 


9 






India 


_ 








1 




1 




1 




1 




3 




2 




1 






Nigeria 


_ 


Other Africa 


1 




1 








1 




79 




5 




60 




4 








3 


Haiti 


1 


Jamaica 






_ 




_ 




10 




2 






El Salvador 


3 




4 




1 










South America 


4 










Brazil 




Chile . .. 


1 




3 








_ 


Peru 








Other South America 


_ 











Represents zero. 



110 



TABLE 64. ALIENS DEPORTED AND UNDER DOCKET CONTROL REQUIRED TO DEPART BY STATUS AT ENTRY 

FISCAL YEARS 1981-86 



Status at entry 



1981 



1982 



1983 



1984 



1985 



1988 



iens deported 

Total 

Immigrant (except displaced person, 

refugee, or conditional entrant) 

Displaced person or refugee 

oreign government official 

Temporary visitor 

Transit alien 

Crewman 

Treaty trader or investor 

Representative to international organization 

Returning resident alien 

student - academic institution 

itudent - vocational 

Entered without inspection 

Dther temporary worker or industrial trainee 
Representative of foreign information 

media 

Exchange visitor 

Conditional entrant 

: iance(e) 

ntracompany transferee 

Cther 



ens under docket control required to 
depart ' 

otal 

.Timigrant (except displaced person, 

refugee, or conditional entrant) 

displaced person or refugee 

oreign government official 

emporary visitor 

ransit alien 

Newman 

reaty trader or investor 

lepresentative to international organization 

leturning resident alien 

■tudent - academic institution 

.tudent • vocational 

ntered without inspection 

Jther temporary worker or industrial trainee 

lepresentative of foreign information 
media 

xchange visitor 

Conditional entrant 

iance(e) 

ltracompany transferee 

ither 



16,596 

275 
2 

7 

1,204 

35 

582 

1 

1 

8 

330 

X 

13,814 

41 



6 

5 

1 

284 



44,301 

333 

12 

95 

14,950 

1,556 

1,315 

53 

47 

11 

2,036 

X 

22,135 

650 

4 

296 

23 

17 

36 

732 



14,154 

292 

8 

2 

1,296 

61 

231 

4 

5 

12 

276 

X 

11,582 

32 

8 
9 

4 

4 

328 



44,796 

244 

13 

162 

15,199 

837 

992 

102 

134 

14 

2,173 

X 

22,529 

577 

66 
316 

17 

48 

1,373 



16,763 

200 

2 

1,402 

44 

155 

2 

3 

17 

276 

X 

14,171 

57 

11 
9 
X 

4 

410 



41,353 

163 

29 

88 

13.960 

980 

793 

169 

79 

8 

1.994 

X 

20.994 

383 

9 

289 

X 

15 

44 

1,356 



18,006 

227 

48 

3 

1,578 

42 

140 

2 

2 

5 

284 

3 

15,161 

50 

9 
19 
X 
2 
1 
430 



39,509 

144 

34 

76 

10,990 

626 

757 

89 

80 

1 

1.549 

22,188 
358 

8 

200 

X 

12 

76 

2,321 



20,560 

266 

50 

3 

1,615 

52 

122 

5 

3 
302 

17,576 
47 

11 

12 

X 

1 

3 

492 



44,158 

140 

29 

81 

12,121 

601 

636 

82 

68 

1 

1.462 

25,774 
342 

11 
167 
X 
16 
97 
2,530 



22,937 

345 

39 

9 

1,777 

42 

123 

3 

2 

4 

366 

1 

19,767 

47 



X 

5 

8 

389 



28,007 

106 

32 

35 

6,839 

287 

316 

61 

37 

972 

1 7,944 
263 

7 
132 

X 

16 

88 

872 



Excludes required departures of technical violators and direct departures under safeguards. 
Represents zero. X Not applicable. 



111 



TABLE 65. 



ALIENS DEPORTED AND REQUIRED TO DEPART BY REGION AND DISTRICT OFFICE 
FISCAL YEAR 1986 



Region and district office 



Total 



Deported 



Required to depart 



All regions 

Eastern Region 

Baltimore, MD 

Boston, MA 

Buffalo, NY 

Newark, NJ 

New York, NY 

Philadelphia, PA .. 

Portland, ME 

San Juan, PR 

Washington, DC ... 

Southern Region .... 

Atlanta, GA 

Dallas, TX 

El Paso, TX 

Harlingen, TX 

Houston, TX 

Miami, FL 

New Orleans. LA .. 
San Antonio, TX ... 

Northern Region .... 

Anchorage, AK 

Chicago, IL 

Cleveland, OH 

Denver, CO 

Detroit. Ml 

Helena, MT 

Kansas City, MO .. 

Omaha, NE 

Portland, OR 

St. Paul, MN 

Seattle, WA 

Western Region 

Honolulu, HI 

Los Angeles, CA .. 

Phoenix, A2 

San Diego. CA 

San Francisco, CA 



1,611,471 



17,490 


707 


1,449 


397 


2.995 


4,170 


1,182 


1,599 


4,765 


226 


707,463 


330 


552 


324,937 


111,207 


1.946 


3,335 


1,950 


263,206 


7,978 


82 


2,795 


221 


909 


951 


516 


264 


112 


428 


552 


1,148 


878,540 


485 


9.338 


162,461 


703,705 


2,551 



22,937 

1,217 

58 

269 

106 

82 

494 

96 

18 

57 

37 

10,788 

50 
246 
3,131 
2,044 
1,587 
1,084 
784 
1,862 

1,672 

22 

468 
26 

368 
64 
46 
44 
16 

132 
82 

404 

9,260 

94 
2,037 
1,098 
4.821 
1,210 



1,588,534 

16,273 

649 
1,180 

291 
2,913 
3,676 
1,086 
1,581 
4,708 

189 

696,675 

280 

306 

321,806 

109,163 

359 

2,251 

1.166 

261,344 

6,306 

60 
2,327 
195 
541 
887 
470 
220 

96 
296 
470 
744 

869,280 
391 

7,301 
161,363 
698,884 

1,341 



112 



ABLE 66. 



REPORT OF SERVICE PARTICIPATION IN THE CONTROL OF MARIJUANA, 

FISCAL YEARS 1980-86 



NARCOTICS, AND DANGEROUS DRUG TRAFFIC 



Year and seizure 



Type of contraband 



Marijuana 
(lbs) 



Heroin 
(oz.) 



Opium 
(oz.) 



Cocaine 
(oz.) 



Hashish 
(oz.) 



Dangerous 

drug pills 

(units) 



Other 



Total 



80 

>Jo. of seizures 

^ount seized 

Est. value of seizures (dollars) 

81 

•Jo. of seizures 

Vmount seized 

Est. value of seizures (dollars) 

82 

Jo. of seizures 

Mnount seized 

:st. value of seizures (dollars) 

33 

lo. of seizures 

.mount seized 

st. value of seizures (dollars) 

14 

0. of seizures 

mount seized 

St. value of seizures (dollars) 

■5 

o. of seizures 

:mount seized 

st. value of seizures (dollars) 

6 

D. of seizures 

Tiount seized 

;t. value of seizures (dollars) 



OTE: X Not applicable. 



1,753 

62,178.13 

18.814.485 



2.011 
24,681.02 
5,367.510 



1,902 
20.936.88 
4,562,619 



2.059 

38,699.83 

26,239,417 



1,108 

37,241.60 

29,641,292 



1,853 

72,47226 

49,887,508 



2,378 

143,389.532 

91,423,583 



5 
47.71 

5,000.455 



5 
19.10 

47,736 



10 

29 22 

81,857 



21 

176.64 

13.935,361 



24 

429.11 

11,061,697 



33 

371.38 

4,093,249 



71 

990,389 

59,758.294 



2 
.22 

151 



4 
.35 
620 



2 

12.42 

30.006 



1 

1.03 

2.000 



2 

27.70 
23.232 



4 

34.92 

17.325 



3 

65.050 

1,529,600 



52 

7,118.31 

102,584,650 



95 

264.53 

948.018 



115 

1.509.08 

7,598,149 



157 

2,464.89 

15,679,587 



167 

377,298 

13,859,799 



166 

22,038.87 

75,416,137 



291 

44,200,478 

111,111,329 



265 
281 81 
72,953 



263 

882.35 

232,737 



325 
367.87 
88,605 



293 
1,328.15 
253,543 



79 

77.76 

41,606 



203 

186.04 

449,761 



391 
460.686 
182,965 



246 
109.974 
102.405 



317 
144,665 
181,175 



323 

1 56.080.24 
462,773 



280 

339,534.00 

1,441,573 



97 

46.065.00 

31,199 



151 

13,290.00 
15,111 



240 

160.397.001 

267.254 



58 
X 

593.320 



82 

X 
7.626,632 



71 

X 

988,868 



56 

X 

67,183 



40 

X 

1.124,084 



47 

X 

169.248 



110 

X 

180,581 



2,381 
X 

127,168,419 



2,777 

X 

14,404,428 



2,748 

X 

13,812,877 



2,867 

X 

57.618,664 



1,517 

X 

55,782,909 



2,457 

X 

130,048.339 



3,484 

X 

264,453,606 



113 



TABLE 67. 



PRINCIPAL ACTIVITIES AND ACCOMPLISHMENTS OF THE BORDER PATROL 
FISCAL YEARS 1980-86 



Activities and 
accomplishments 



1980 



1981 



1982 



1983 



1984 



1985 



1986 



Persons apprehended 



Deportable aliens located 

Mexican aliens 

Working in agriculture 

Working in trades, crafts, and 
industry 

Others 

Canadian aliens 

All others 



Smugglers of aliens located . 



Aliens located who were smuggled 
into the United States 



Aliens located who were previously 
expelled 



Aliens located with previous criminal 
records 



Conveyances examined . 

Trains 

Automobiles 

Buses 

Boats 

Other conveyances 



Persons questioned 

On trains 

In automobiles 

In buses 

On boats 

On other conveyances . 
Pedestrians 



Seizures: 
Automobiles and trucks 

Airplanes 

Other conveyances 



Value of seizures (dollars) 

Narcotics 

Other 



766,635 

759,420 
734,219 

51,035 

16,772 

668,412 

5,260 

19.941 

13,076 



112,647 



211.049 



11.318 

3,849,484 

67,920 

2,590,466 

121,479 

5,843 

1,063,776 

10,843,556 

96,377 
6,328,167 
1.076,048 

13,968 
1,623,256 
1,705,740 



1,885 

3 

32 

116,115,233 

110,272,381 
5,842,852 



833,150 

825,290 
797,923 

75,241 

23,730 

698.952 

5,756 

21,611 

12,643 



90.084 



256,916 



12,489 

4,639,432 

53,111 

3,073,660 

119.515 

7,283 

1,385,863 

12,492,064 

103,931 
7,186,511 
1,169,223 
19,891 
2,150,863 
1.861,645 



2,410 

2 

29 

17,347,904 

10.236.116 
7,111,788 



827,956 

819,919 
795,362 

93,702 

26.532 

675,128 

5.694 

18,863 

11,777 



80,350 



245,064 



9,292 

5,370,642 

53,766 

3,612,863 

119,177 

7,330 

1,577,506 

14,238,390 

111,357 
8,476,982 
1,262,651 
21,473 
2,400,445 
1,965,482 



3,973 
6 

54 

6,024,867 

5,242,326 
782,541 



1,115,422 

1,105,670 
1,076,345 

87,606 

24,515 

964,224 

5,893 

23.432 

13,393 



86.294 



328,078 



9,224 

5,489,598 

55,502 

3,861.666 

113.165 

9,778 

1,449.487 

14,474,230 

146,130 
8,722,345 
1,349,038 
30,678 
2,106,050 
2,119,989 



5,702 

3 

102 

30,325,276 

28,729,119 
1,596,157 



1,149,847 

1,140,466 
1,104,429 

83,706 

24,854 

995.869 

5,805 

30,232 

13,435 



91,722 



331,414 



8,745 

5,211,177 

61,921 

3.765,347 

114,821 

8,563 

1,260,525 

14,444,047 

174,619 
9,058,073 
1,230,307 
26,315 
1 ,866,080 
2,088.653 



6,364 

3 

89 

44,505,793 

42,939,946 
1,565,847 



1,272,435 

1,262,435 
1,218,695 

76,054 

26,674 

1,115,967 

5,868 

37,872 

14,666 



95,741 



372,011 



9,786 

4,901,449 

109,819 
3,468,295 

104,184 

7.996 

1,211,155 

13,490,124 

226,227 
8,093,350 
1,202,491 
28,754 
1,876,370 
2,062,932 



7,225 

3 

99 

122,007,498 

119.822,206 
2,185,292 



1,705,278 

1,692,544 
1,635,702 

80,922 

44,971 

1.509,809 

6,235 

50,607 

19,275 



114,665 



466,294 



14,429 

6,156,965 

66,038 

4,543,187 

106,704 

9,380 

1,431,656 

17,630,943 

274,432 

10,952,483 

1,404,906 

32,033 

2,185,425 

2,781.664 



10.307 

4 

201 

165,106,668 

161,736,752 
3,369,916 



FRAME 57 FRIDAY, AUGUST 28, 1987. CLOCK TIME 10:47:41.36. 



114 



TABLES 68-71 



ENTRIES 

LITIGATION 

LEGAL ACTIVITY 




TABLE 68. PRIMARY INSPECTIONS OF TOTAL ESTIMATED ALIENS 

AND CITIZENS ADMITTED BY STATE AND PORT OF ENTRY 

FISCAL YEAR 1986 



State and port 



Total 



Aliens 



Citizens 



State and port 



Total 



Aliens 



Citizens 



Total 320.719,626 

Alaska 558.123 

Alcan 139,058 

Anchorage 168,547 

Dalton's Cache 45,370 

Ketchikan 101,588 

Skagway 103,560 

Arizona 22,700.979 

Douglas 4,938,753 

Lukeville 539,891 

Naco 919,580 

Nogales 10,591.790 

Phoenix 27,173 

Sasabe 40,010 

San Luis 5,590,924 

Tucson 52,858 

California 65,855,284 

Andrade 836,212 

Calexico 15,957,885 

Los Angeles 3,314,002 

Otay Mesa 6,400,738 

San Diego 29,039 

San Francisco 1,182,626 

San Ysidro 34,142,918 

Tecate 3,991,864 

Colorado 68.632 

Denver 68,632 

Connecticut 12,367 

Hartford 12,367 

Washington, DC 485,453 

Florida 5,782.777 

Jacksonville 17,130 

Key West 17,139 

Miami 4,592,651 

Orlando 111,339 

Port Everglades 482,603 

Tampa 185,131 

West Palm Beach 376.784 

Idaho 529,078 

Eastport 237,689 

Porthill 291,389 

Illinois 1 ,181 ,522 

Chicago 1 .1 81 ,522 

Indiana 18,440 

Indianapolis 18,440 

Maine 15,857,157 

Bangor 162,047 

Bridgewater 477,697 

Calais 5,498,947 

Coburn Gore 133,237 

Fort Fairfield 781.009 

Fort Kent 837,098 

Hamlin 480,534 

Houlton 2,259.067 

Jackman 423,503 

Limestone 172,568 

Lubec 650,631 

Madawaska 2,652,117 



187,465,292 133,254,334 



218,660 
14,870 

133,987 
12,865 
20,521 
36,417 

14,155,103 

2,962,899 

188,627 

603,600 

6,223,909 

6,858 

1 5,264 

4,129,288 

24.658 

39.491,866 

324,778 

12,212,388 

1,469,483 

4,303,835 

8,712 

572,096 

17,770,645 

2.829,949 

9.883 
9,883 

6.948 
6,948 

245,761 

2,548,025 

13,247 

6,487 

2,045,023 

89,964 

181,414 

99,165 

112,725 

337,578 
162,751 
174,827 

371,610 
371,610 

431 
431 

10,011,486 

65,705 

326,340 

3,441,077 

98,793 

521,749 

479,610 

395,870 

1,414,416 

303,247 

87.848 

377,900 

1 ,646,634 



339,463 
124,188 
34,560 
32,505 
81,067 
67,143 

8,545,876 

1,975,854 

351,264 

315,980 

4,367,881 

20,315 

24,746 

1,461,636 

28,200 

26.363,418 

511,434 

3,745,497 

1,844,539 

2,096,903 

20,327 

610,530 

16,372,273 

1,161,915 

58,749 
58,749 

5,419 
5,419 

239,692 

3,234,752 

3,883 

10,652 

2,547,628 

21,375 

301,189 

85,966 

264,059 

191,500 

74,938 

116,562 

809,912 
809.912 

18,009 
18,009 

5,845,671 

96,342 

151,357 

2,057,870 

34,444 

259,260 

357,488 

84,664 

844,651 

120,256 

84,720 

272,731 

1,005,483 



Portland 107,400 35,219 72,181 

Van Buren 845,034 574,749 270,285 

Vanceboro 376,268 242,329 133,939 

Massachusetts 692,122 318,816 373,306 

Boston 692,122 318,816 373,306 

Michigan 23,803,465 11,991,071 11,812,394 

Algonac 152,473 107,034 45,439 

Detroit 15,831,314 7,762,948 8,068,366 

Marine City 204,718 97,856 106,862 

Port Huron 4,421,784 2,108,702 2,313,082 

Sault Ste. Marie 3,193.176 1,914,531 1,278,645 

Minnesota 3,080,084 1,558,064 1,522,020 

Baudette 192,806 130,130 62,676 

Duluth 5,385 3.206 2,179 

Grand Portage 366,451 137,277 229,174 

International Falls 1,271,004 577,752 693,252 

Lancaster 67,422 41,772 25,650 

Noyes 738,946 443,662 295,284 

Pine Creek 20,692 10,896 9,796 

Roseau 68,468 37,491 30,977 

St. Paul 140,837 39,839 100,998 

Warroad 208,073 136,039 72,034 

Missouri 96,074 22,160 73,914 

St. Louis 96,074 22,160 73,914 

Montana 1,395,042 839,727 555,315 

Del Bonita 40,101 26,572 13,529 

Morgan 19,561 14,703 4,858 

Opheim 10,486 7,389 3,097 

Piegan 396,565 223,552 173,013 

Raymond 91,147 53,680 37,467 

Roosville 267,612 146,165 121,447 

Scobey 24,906 16,518 8,388 

Sweetgrass 477,054 308,726 168,328 

Turner 23,152 13,646 9,506 

Whitetail 11,405 9,935 1,470 

Wildhorse 26,274 13,687 12,587 

Willow Creek 6,779 5,154 1,625 

Nebraska 1,167 379 788 

Omaha 1,167 379 788 

Nevada 16,706 16,187 519 

Las Vegas 6,823 6,549 274 

Reno 9,883 9,638 245 

New Hampshire 24,744 11,651 13,093 

Pittsburg 24,744 11.651 13,093 

New Mexico 297 40 257 

Albuquerque 297 40 257 

New York 35,121,465 19,534,553 15.586,912 

Albany 7,753 4,208 3,545 

Champlain 2,613,542 1,934,752 678,790 

Chateaugay 183,108 123,888 59,220 

Fort Covington 372,339 170,903 201,436 

Lewiston 699,353 388,545 310,808 

Massena 2,137,226 1,323,119 814,107 

Mooers 212,438 127,214 85,224 

New York 7,701,999 3,979.810 3,722,189 

Niagara Falls 8,536,633 5,084,934 3,451,699 

Ogdensburg 575,277 293,249 282,028 

Peace Bridge 8,846,457 4,069,948 4.776,509 

Rouses Point 544,207 405.481 138.726 



See footnotes at end of table. 



116 



TABLE 68. PRIMARY INSPECTIONS OF TOTAL ESTIMATED ALIENS 

AND CITIZENS ADMITTED BY STATE AND PORT OF ENTRY 

FISCAL YEAR 1986— Continued 



State and port 



Total 



Aliens 



Citizens 



Thousand Islands 2.363.912 1,402,482 

Trout River 327,221 226,020 

North Carolina 9.528 7.714 

Charlotte 270 7 

Wilmington 9.258 7,707 

North Dakota 943,656 591,778 

Ambrose 11,618 7,692 

Antler 29,395 20,917 

Carbury 24,229 17,882 

Dunseith 124,391 36,418 

Fortuna 31,784 19,352 

Hannah 14.736 12,272 

Hansboro 19,554 11,398 

Maida 44,723 33,877 

Neche 138,733 101,823 

Noonan 112,026 84,598 

Northgate 37.683 24,716 

Portal 144,047 80,383 

Sarles 20,441 12,139 

Sherwood 45.766 35.899 

St. John 42,418 23,203 

Walhalla 75,786 52,477 

Westhope 26,326 16,732 

Ohio 69,060 37,275 

Cincinnati 3,511 53 

Cleveland 38,385 24,953 

Sandusky 17,997 5,395 

Toledo 9,167 6.874 

Oregon 25,151 20,339 

Portland 25,151 20,339 

Pennsylvania 442,868 101,786 

Pittsburgh 40,679 16,683 

Philadelphia 402,189 85,103 

Texas 104,463,296 63,331,415 

Amistad Dam 87,190 30,517 

Brownsville 14,179,733 9,240,419 

Columbus 938,114 494,577 

Corpus Christi 12,769 12,089 

Dallas 766,599 172,105 

Del Rio 3,113,663 1,091,602 

Eagle Pass 5,450,207 3,717,335 

El Paso 32,842,994 18,932,339 

Fabens 1,014,245 634,548 

Falcon Heights 259,882 73,711 

Galveston 25,240 17,005 

Hidalgo 13,440,088 8,614.090 

Houston 875,345 348,814 

Juarez-Lincoln Bridge 8,928,471 6,081,804 

Laredo 11,752,405 8,361,099 

Los Ebanos 205,333 152,329 

Port Arthur 11,632 9,581 

Presidio 888,857 564,607 

Progresso 3,647,177 1,759,525 

Rio Grande City 1,556,846 1,152,146 

Roma 4,390,290 1,825,218 

San Antonio 76,216 45,955 

Utah 1,721 562 

Salt Lake City 1,721 562 

Vermont 3,905.626 2,605,547 

Alburg Springs 85,643 75.348 

Alburg 141,434 119,620 



961.430 
101.201 

1.814 

263 

1.551 

351,878 

3,926 

8,478 

6,347 

87,973 

12,432 

2,464 

8,156 

10,846 

36,910 

27.428 

12,967 

63,664 

8,302 

9.867 

19,215 

23,309 

9,594 

31.785 

3,458 

13,432 

12,602 

2,293 

4,812 
4,812 

341,082 

23,996 

317,086 

41,131,881 

56,673 

4,939,314 

443,537 

680 

594,494 

2,022,061 

1,732,872 

13,910,655 

379,697 

186,171 

8,235 

4,825,998 

526,531 

2,846,667 

3,391,306 

53,004 

2,051 

324,250 

1,887,652 

404,700 

2,565,072 

30.261 

1,159 
1,159 

1,300,079 
10,295 
21,814 



State and port 



Total 



Aliens 



Citizens 



Beebe Plains 181,891 

Beecher Falls 1 1 8,561 

Canaan 102,987 

Derby Line 1,296,782 

East Richford 37,703 

Highgate Springs 1,078,866 

North Troy 229,534 

Norton 288,942 

Pinnacle Road 46,698 

Richford 199,538 

West Berkshire 97.047 

Virginia 71,474 

Norfolk 71,474 

Washington 19,430,934 

Bellingham 14,271 

Blaine 10,092,661 

Boundary 56,679 

Danville 95,310 

Friday Harbor 21,043 

Frontier 113,076 

Laurier 109,738 

Longview 6,894 

Lynden 1,389,882 

Metaline Falls 59,624 

Oroville 804,331 

Point Roberts 2,828,463 

Port Angeles 27,332 

Seattle 644,570 

Spokane 2,975 

Sumas 3,145,082 

Tacoma 19,003 

Wisconsin 14,147 

Milwaukee 14,147 

Canada 6,017,882 

Calgary, Alberta 358,259 

Edmonton, Alberta 190,311 

Montreal, Quebec 1,131,468 

Toronto. Ontario 2,519,605 

Vancouver, B.C 1,081,614 

Victoria, B.C 565,470 

Winnipeg, Manitoba 171,155 

Other 8,043,305 



124,736 

82,886 

66.430 

807,095 

30,202 

608,610 

193,929 

232,579 

38,321 

152,720 

73,071 

26,049 
26,049 

11,484,387 

6,094 

4,592,483 

42,753 

56,367 

1 5,039 

71,184 

51,293 

6,832 

975,921 

29,328 

498,348 

2,262,309 

12,017 

249,866 

1,171 

2,598,393 

14,989 

2,879 
2,879 

3,951,947 
277,121 
137,716 
738,141 

1,911,939 

682,863 

98,744 

105,423 

3,613,615 



57,155 
35,675 
36,557 

489,687 
7,501 

470,256 
35,605 
56,363 
8,377 
46,818 
23,976 

45,425 
45,425 

7,946,547 

8,177 

5,500,178 

13,926 

38,943 

6,004 

41.892 

58,445 

62 

413,961 

30,296 

305.983 

566,154 

15,315 

394.704 

1,804 

546,689 

4,014 

11,268 
11,268 

2,065,935 

81,138 

52,595 

393,327 

607.666 

398.751 

466,726 

65,732 

4,429,690 



NOTE: Includes all persons admitted in primary inspection by the Immigration and Naturalization Service except aliens in transit without a visa. 
Figures partially estimated. See Glossary for definition of TWOVs and fiscal years. Table ENT 1 in the 1985 Yearbook included only border crossers. 



11; 



TABLE 69. PROSECUTIONS, FINES, AND IMPRISONMENT FOR IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY VIOLATIONS 

FISCAL YEARS 1980-86 



Action taken 



1980 



1981 



1982 



1983 



1984 



1985 



1986 



Prosecutions: 
Total disposed of 

Convictions 

Acquittals 

Dismissals ' 

Total pending end of year 

Prosecutions for immigration violations: 
Disposed of 

Convictions 

Acquittals 

Dismissals ' 

Pending end of year 

Prosecution for nationality violations: 
Disposed of 

Convictions 

Acquittals 

Dismissals ' 

Pending end of year 

Aggregate fines and imprisonment: 
Fines (dollars) 

Immigration violations 

Nationality violations 

Imprisonment (years) 

Immigration violations 

Nationality violations 



14,863 

12,935 

46 

1,882 

2.817 

14,498 

12,678 

42 

1,778 

2,698 

365 

257 

4 

104 

119 



821,579 

806,029 
15.550 

6,361 

6,167 
194 



16,005 

12,771 

39 

3,195 

3,259 

15,602 

12,509 

36 

3,057 

3,129 

403 

262 

3 

138 

130 



672,746 

667,756 
4,990 

5,605 

5,441 
164 



14,138 

10,320 

51 

3,767 

3,230 

13,712 

10,058 

48 

3,606 

3,025 

426 

262 

3 

161 

205 



877,753 

834,953 
42,800 

4,892 

4,622 

270 



16,493 

11.233 

58 

5,202 

4.764 

15,848 

10.947 

56 

4.845 

4.478 

645 

286 

2 

357 

286 



503,716 

486,630 
17.086 

5,451 

5,250 

201 



17,980 

10,546 

64 

7,370 

4,103 

16,989 

10,237 

64 

6,688 

3,909 

991 

309 

682 

194 



785,689 

767,764 
17,925 

5,701 

5,496 
205 



17,688 

9,833 

88 

7,767 

3.477 

16,976 

9,635 

82 

7,259 

3.264 

712 

198 

6 

508 

213 



929,926 

903.141 
26,785 

5,261 

5,093 
168 



23,405 

15,259 

148 

7,998 

NA 

22,751 

15,104 

143 

7,504 

NA 

654 

155 

5 
494 
NA 



1,122,998 

1,117,025 
5,973 

6,113 

6.046 
67 



Dismissed or otherwise closed. 
Represents zero. NA Not available. 



TABLE 70. CONVICTIONS FOR IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY VIOLATIONS 

FISCAL YEARS 1980-86 



Violations 



1980 



1981 



1982 



1983 



1984 



1985 



1986 



All violations 

Immigration violations 

Entry of aliens illegally 

Reentries of deported aliens 

Bringing in, transporting, harboring, and inducing 

illegal entry of aliens 

Fraud, misuse of visas, entry permits, and other entry 

documents 

Fraud and false statements or entries 

Alien registration or alien address violations 

Alien crewmen who overstayed 

Stowaways on vessels or aircraft 

Perjury 

Importation of aliens for immoral purposes 

All other violations 

Nationality violations 

False representation as citizens of the United States . 
False statements and procurement of citizenship or 

naturalization unlawfully 

Reproduction of citizenship and naturalization papers 
Sale of naturalization or citizenship papers 

- Represents zero. 



12,935 

12,678 

10,067 
577 

1,135 

89 

36 

38 

2 

1 

733 

257 

177 

6 
74 



12,771 

12,509 

10,022 
351 

1,200 

97 

34 

57 

2 



746 



262 

194 



64 



10,320 

10,058 

7.878 
341 

965 

44 

77 

51 

1 

3 

698 

262 

179 

12 
71 



11,233 

10,947 

8,060 
543 

1,579 

58 
69 
15 



2 

621 



286 

185 



2 

99 



10,546 

10,237 

6,695 
634 

1,754 

124 

80 

5 



4 
941 



309 

228 



9 
72 



9,833 

9,635 

6,633 
517 

1.249 

169 
219 

11 
1 

8 

3 

725 

198 
163 

8 

26 

1 



15,259 

15,104 

1 1 ,030 
308 

1,422 

225 

208 

63 



22 

2 
1,824 

155 

133 



6 

15 

1 



118 



TABLE 71. WRITS OF HABEAS CORPUS, JUDICIAL REVIEW OF ORDERS OF DEPORTATION, AND DECLARATORY 

JUDGEMENTS IN EXCLUSION AND DEPORTATION CASES 
FISCAL YEARS 1980-86 



Action taken 



1980 



1981 



1982 



1983 



1984 



1985 



1986 



Vrits ol habeas corpus: 



Total disposed of 

Favorable to U.S. government . 

Unfavorable to U.S. government 

Withdrawn or otherwise closed . 

Total pending end of year 



udicial review of orders of deportation (Sec. 106 INA): 



Total disposed of 

Favorable to U.S. government .. 

Unfavorable to U.S. government 

Withdrawn or otherwise closed . 

Total pending end of year 



(eclaratory judgements: 

Total disposed of 

Favorable to U.S. government 

Unfavorable to U.S. government .... 
Withdrawn or otherwise closed 

Involving 8 U.S.C. 1503 

! Favorable to U.S. government 

I Unfavorable to U.S. government .... 
Withdrawn or otherwise closed 

Involving exclusion or deportation 

Favorable to U.S. government 

Unfavorable to U.S. government .... 
Withdrawn or otherwise closed 



58 

47 
3 
8 

53 



336 

267 
15 
54 

474 



174 

143 

1 

30 

10 

8 



164 

135 

1 

28 



70 

47 
10 
13 
81 



318 

197 
44 
77 

605 



198 

155 

5 

38 



193 

151 

5 

37 



118 

73 

20 

25 

102 



533 

358 

73 

102 

507 



237 

200 
10 
27 



236 

199 
10 
27 



164 
130 

18 

16 

131 



385 

181 

45 

159 

738 



370 

316 
18 
36 

17 

15 



353 

301 

18 
34 



204 

152 

14 

38 

128 



494 

325 

28 

141 

935 



646 

318 

38 

290 

259 

11 

32 

216 

387 

307 

6 

74 



341 

126 

19 

196 

1,805 



389 

266 

10 

113 

965 



744 

237 
143 
364 

169 

9 

130 

30 

575 

228 

13 

334 



1,297 
160 

14 

1,123 

726 



377 
257 

40 

80 

970 



174 

90 
28 
56 

25 

4 

8 

13 

149 

86 
20 
43 



Represents zero. 



119 



GLOSSARY 




Glossary 



Acquired Citizenship— Citizenship conferred at birth 
on a child born abroad to a U.S. citizen parent(s). Data 
for a fiscal year cover the number of certificates of 
citizenship issued during the year, regardless of when 
citizenship was acquired. The data are not necessarily 
a complete accounting of individuals who have acquired 
citizenship, since only those individuals who acquired 
citizenship and subsequently requested and were 
issued certificates of citizenship from the Immigration 
and Naturalization Service are included in the data. 

Adjustment to Immigrant Status— Procedure allow- 
ing certain aliens already in the United States to apply 
for immigrant status. Aliens admitted to the United 
States in a nonimmigrant or other capacity may have 
their status changed to that of lawful permanent resi- 
dent if they are eligible to receive immigrant visas as 
a permanent resident and an immigrant visa is im- 
mediately available. In such cases, the alien is counted 
as an immigrant as of the date of adjustment, even 
though the alien may have been in the United States 
for an extended period of time. 

Alien— Any person not a citizen or national of the United 
States. 

Alien Address Report Program— A now-defunct an- 
nual registration program for aliens. Until Public Law 
97-116 (Act of 12/29/81) eliminated the stipulation, all 
aliens in the United States were required to register with 
the Immigration and Naturalization Service each 
January. Nationality and state of residence data were 
compiled annually on the alien population reporting 
under the program. The last year for which data are 
available is 1980. 

Amerasian Act— Public Law 97-359 (Act of 10/22/82) 
provides for the immigration to the United States of cer- 
tain Amerasian children. In order to qualify for benefits 
under this law, an alien must have been born in Cam- 
bodia, Korea, Laos, Thailand, or Vietnam after 
December 31, 1950 and before October 22, 1982, and 
have been fathered by a U.S. citizen. 

Apprehension— The arrest of a deportable alien by the 
Immigration and Naturalization Service. Each ap- 
prehension of the same alien in a fiscal year is counted 
separately. 

Area Control — Enforcement operations conducted by 
the Immigration and Naturalization Service's Investiga- 
tions Division to locate and apprehend aliens illegally 
in the United States. Area Control surveys focus on 
places of employment where illegal aliens are 
concentrated. 

Asylee— An alien in the United States or at a port of 
entry unable or unwilling to return to his or her country 
of nationality, or to seek the protection of that country 
because of persecution or a well-founded fear of 



122 



persecution. Persecution or the fear thereof may be 
based on the alien's race, religion, nationality, member- 
ship in a particular social group, or political opinion. For 
persons with no nationality, the country of nationality 
is considered to be the country in which the alien last 
habitually resided. Asylees are eligible to adjust to lawful 
permanent resident status after one year of continuous 
presence in the United States. These immigrants are 
exempt from the worldwide numerical limitation of 
270,000; however, the Immigration and Nationality Act 
stipulates that only 5,000 asylees can adjust per fiscal 
year. 

Beneficiaries— Those aliens who receive immigration 
benefits from petitions filed with the U.S. Immigration 
and Naturalization Service. Beneficiaries generally 
derive privilege or status as a result of their relation- 
ship (including that of employer-employee) to a U.S. 
citizen or lawful permanent resident. 

Border Crosser— An alien or citizen resident of the 
United States reentering the country after an absence 
of less than six months in Canada or Mexico, or a 
nonresident alien entering the United States across the 
Canadian border for stays of no more than six months 
or across the Mexican border for stays of no more than 
seventy-two hours, or a U.S. citizen residing in Canada 
or Mexico who enters the United States frequently for 
business or pleasure, or an individual entering the 
United States on any flight originating in Canada or 
Mexico. 

Border Patrol Sector— Any one of twenty geographic 
areas into which the United States is divided for the Im- 
migration and Naturalization Service's Border Patrol ac- 
tivities. Of the twenty sectors, all but one are located 
along the northern and southern borders of the United 
States. 

Business Nonimmigrant— An alien coming temporarily 
to the United States to engage in commercial transac- 
tions which do not involve gainful employment in the 
United States, i.e., engaged in international commerce 
on behalf of a foreign firm, not employed in the U.S, 
labor market, and receives no salary from U.S. sources 

Certificate of Citizenship— Identity document proving 
U.S. citizenship. Certificates of citizenship are issued 
to derivative citizens and to persons who acquired U.S. 
citizenship (see definitions for Acquired and Derivative 
Citizenship). 

Child — An unmarried person under 21 years of age whc 
is: a legitimate child; a stepchild provided that the chile 
was under 18 years of age at the time that the marriage 
creating the stepchild status occurred; a legitimatec 
child provided that the child was legitimate while in the 
legal custody of the legitimating parent; an illegitimate 
child (has only one possible parent, the mother); a chile 
adopted while under 16 years of age who has residec 



De 
Un 

for 
mr 



since adoption in the legal custody of the adopting 
parents for at least 2 years; or an orphan, under 16 years 
of age, who has been adopted abroad by a U.S. citizen 
or has an immediate-relative visa petition submitted in 
his or her behalf and is coming to the United States for 
adoption by a U.S. citizen. 

Country of Former Allegiance— The previous country 
oi citizenship of a naturalized U.S. citizen or of a per- 
son who derived U.S. citizenship. 

Country of Last Residence— The country in which the 
alien habitually resided prior to entering the United 
States. 

Crewman— A foreign national serving in any capacity 
>n board a vessel or aircraft. Crewmen are admitted 
: or twenty-nine days, with no extensions. Crewmen re- 
quired to depart on the same vessel on which they 
irrived are classified as D-1s. Crewmen who depart on 
i vessel different than the one on which they arrived 
ire classified as D-2s. Although these aliens are 
echnically nonimmigrants, crewmen are not included 
n nonimmigrant admission data. 

Crewman Technical (or Nonwillful) Violator — Any 

:rewman who through no fault of his or her own remains 
the United States more than 29 days (e.g., a crewman 
lospitalized beyond the 29-day admission period). 

Juban/Haitian Entrant— Status accorded 1) Cubans 
vho entered the United States illegally between April 
5, 1980 and October 10, 1980, and 2) Haitians who 
mtered the country illegally before January 1, 1981. 

)eferred Inspection— See Parolee. 

)eparture Under Safeguards— The departure of an il- 
gal alien whose departure from the United States is 
(hysically observed by an Immigration and Naturaliza- 
on Service official. 

Jependent— A spouse, an unmarried dependent child 

nder 21 years of age, an unmarried dependent child 

2 nder 25 years of age who is in full-time attendance 

" I a postsecondary educational institution, or an unmar- 

i; ied child who is physically or mentally disabled. 

1 leportabie Alien— An alien in the United States sub- 
n jet to any of the nineteen grounds of deportation 
pecified in the Immigration and Nationality Act. This 
m ldudes any alien illegally in the United States, 
» y v jgardless of whether the alien entered the country il- 
| ;gally or entered legally but subsequently violated the 
31 ' ;rms of his or her visa. 

>eportation— The formal removal of an alien from the 
''" Inited States when the presence of that alien is 
H eemed inconsistent with the public welfare. Deporta- 
a ? on is ordered by an immigration judge without any 
* unishment being imposed or contemplated. Data for 
]{ '[ fiscal year cover the deportations verified during that 



fiscal year. Airlines, ship companies, or port officials pro- 
vide the Immigration and Naturalization Service with the 
departure data on aliens who are deported. 

Derivative Citizenship — Citizenship conveyed to 
children through the naturalization of parents or, under 
certain circumstances, to spouses of citizens at or dur- 
ing marriage. Data for a fiscal year cover the number 
of certificates of U.S. citizenship issued during the year, 
regardless of when citizenship was derived. The data 
are not necessarily a complete accounting of individuals 
who have derived citizenship since only those in- 
dividuals who derived citizenship, requested, and were 
issued a certificate of citizenship from the Immigration 
and Naturalization Service are covered by the data. 

District— Any one of thirty-three geographic areas into 
which the United States and its territories are divided 
for the Immigration and Naturalization Service's field 
operations or one of three overseas offices located in 
Rome, Bangkok, or Mexico City. Operations are super- 
vised by a district director located at a district office 
within the district's geographic boundaries. 

Exchange Visitor— An alien coming temporarily to the 
United States as a participant, in a program approved 
by the Secretary of State for the purpose of teaching, 
instructing or lecturing, studying, observing, conduct- 
ing research, consulting, demonstrating special skills, 
or receiving training. 

Exclusion— The formal denial of an alien's entry into 
the United States. The exclusion of the alien is made 
by an immigration judge after an exclusion hearing. 
Data for a fiscal year cover the exclusions verified dur- 
ing that fiscal year. Airlines, ship companies, or port of- 
ficials provide the Immigration and Naturalization Ser- 
vice with the departure data on aliens who are excluded. 

Exempt From Numerical Limitations— Those aliens 
accorded lawful permanent resident status who are ex- 
empt from the provisions of the preference system set 
forth in immigration law. Exempt categories include im- 
mediate relatives of U.S. citizens, refugees, special im- 
migrants, and certain other groups of immigrants. 

Fiance(ee) of U.S. Citizen — A nonimmigrant alien com- 
ing to the United States to conclude a valid marriage 
with a U.S. citizen within ninety days after entry. 

Files Control Office— An Immigration and Naturaliza- 
tion Service field office— either a district (including INS 
overseas offices) or a suboffice of that district— where 
alien case files are maintained and controlled. 

Fiscal Year— Currently, the twelve-month period begin- 
ning October 1 and ending September 30. Historically, 
until 1831 and from 1843-49, the twelve-month period 
ending September 30 of the respective year; from 
1832-42 and 1850-67, ending December 31 of the 
respective year; from 1868-1976, ending June 30 of the 
respective year. The transition quarter (TQ) for 1976 
covers the three-month period, July-September 1976. 



123 



Foreign Government Official — As a nonimmigrant 
class of admission, an alien coming temporarily to the 
United States who has been accredited by a foreign 
government to function as an ambassador, public 
minister, career diplomatic or consular officer, other ac- 
credited official, or an attendant, servant or personal 
employee of an accredited official, and all above aliens' 
spouses and unmarried minor (or dependent) children. 

Foreign Information Media Representative— As a 

nonimmigrant class of admission, an alien coming tem- 
porarily to the United States as a bona fide represen- 
tative of foreign press, radio, film, or other foreign in- 
formation media and the alien's spouse and unmarried 
minor (or dependent) children. 

Foreign Medical School Graduate— An immigrant who 
has graduated from a medical school or has qualified 
to practice medicine in a foreign state, who was licensed 
and practicing medicine on January 9, 1978, and who 
entered the United States as a nonimmigrant on a tem- 
porary worker or exchange visitor visa before January 
10, 1978. The alien must meet the requirements set forth 
in Public Law 97-116 (Act of 12/29/81) in order to qualify 
for this immigrant classification. These immigrants and 
their spouses and children are exempt from the 
worldwide numerical limitation of 270,000. However, if 
the sum of these immigrant classes plus the investor 
immigrant classes plus the numerically restricted 
classes exceeds the limitations (for a dependency, an 
independent country, or worldwide) in any fiscal year, 
the respective limitation of that area is reduced by that 
excess for the following year. 

Foreign State of Chargeability— The independent 
country to which an immigrant entering under the 
preference system is accredited. No more than 20,000 
immigrant visas may be issued to natives of indepen- 
dent countries in a fiscal year. Dependencies of in- 
dependent countries cannot exceed 600 of the 20,000 
limit. Since these limits are based on visa issuance 
rather than entries into the United States, there is not 
total correspondence between these two occurrences, 
since immigrant visas are valid for four months. 
Chargeability is usually determined by country of birth. 
Exceptions are made to prevent the separation of family 
members when the limitation for the country of birth has 
been met. 

General Naturalization Provisions— The basic re- 
quirements for naturalization that every applicant must 
meet, unless a member of a special class. General pro- 
visions require an applicant to be at least eighteen years 
of age, a lawful permanent resident with five years of 
continuous residence in the United States, and to have 
been physically present in the country for at least half 
of that period. 

Geographic Area of Chargeability— Any one of five 
regions — Africa, East Asia, Latin America and the Carib- 
bean, Near East and South Asia, and the U.S.S.R. and 
Eastern Europe— into which the world is divided for the 



124 



initial admission of refugees to the United States. An- 
nual consultations between the Executive Branch and 
the Congress determine the ceiling on the number of 
refugees that can be admitted to the United States from 
each area. 

Hemispheric Ceilings — Statutory limits on immigration 
to the United States in effect from July 1968 to October 
1978. Mandated by the Immigration and Nationality Act 
Amendments of 1965, the ceiling on immigration from 
the Eastern Hemisphere was set at 170,000, with a per- 
country limit of 20,000. Immigration from the Western 
Hemisphere was held to 120,000, without a per-country 
limit until January 1, 1977. The Western Hemisphere 
was then subject to a 20,000 per-country limit. Effec- 
tive October 1978, the separate hemisphere limits were 
abolished in favor of a worldwide limit of 290,000. This 
limit was lowered to 280,000 for fiscal year 1980, and 
to 270,000 for fiscal year 1981 and subsequent years, 
because refugees were no longer subject to these 
limitations based on the Refugee Act of 1980. 

Immediate Relatives— Certain immigrants who, 
because of their close relationship to U.S. citizens, are 
exempt from the numerical limitations imposed on im- 
migration to the United States. Immediate relatives 
are: spouses of citizens, children (under 21 years of 
age) of citizens, parents of citizens 21 years of age or 
older, and orphans adopted by U.S. citizens who are 
at least 21 years of age. 

Immigrant— An alien admitted to the United States as 
a lawful permanent resident. Immigrants are those per- 
sons lawfully accorded the privilege of residing per- 
manently in the United States. They may be issued im- 
migrant visas by the Department of State overseas or 
adjusted to permanent resident status by the Immigra- 
tion and Naturalization Service in the United States. 

Indefinite Parolee— See Parolee. 

International Representative— As a nonimmigrant 
class of admission, an alien coming temporarily to the 
United States as a principal or other accredited 
representative of a foreign government (whether official- 
ly recognized or not by the United States) to an inter- 
national organization, an international organization of- 
ficer or employee, and all above aliens' spouses and 
unmarried minor (or dependent) children. 

Intracompany Transferee— An alien, employed by an 
international firm or corporation, who seeks to enter the 
United States temporarily in order to continue to work 
for the same employer, or a subsidiary or affiliate, in a 
capacity that is primarily managerial, executive, or in- 
volves specialized knowledge. 

Investor— An immigrant who is present in the United 
States and who, on or before June 1, 1978, qualified as 
a nonpreference immigrant because the alien had in- 
vested capital (before June 1, 1978) in a business in the 
United States in which the alien was one of the prin- 
cipal managers, and had applied for adjustment to 



lawful permanent resident status. These immigrants and 
their spouses and children are exempt from the 
worldwide numerical limitation of 270,000. However, if 
the sum of these immigrant classes plus the foreign 
medical graduate classes plus the numerically 
restricted classes exceeds the limitations (for a 
dependency, an independent country, or worldwide) in 
any fiscal year, the respective limitation of the area is 
reduced by that excess for the following year. As a 
nonimmigrant class of admission, see Treaty Trader or 
Investor. 

Labor Certification— Requirement falling on 1) those 
persons whose immigration to the United States is 
based on job skills (third, sixth, and nonpreference im- 
migrant categories), and 2) nonimmigrant temporary 
workers (H-2s) coming to perform services unavailable 
in the United States. Labor certification is awarded by 
the Secretary of Labor when there are insufficient 
numbers of U.S. workers available to undertake the 
employment sought by an applicant and when the 
alien's employment will not have an adverse affect on 
the wages and working conditions of U.S. workers 
similarly employed. Determination of U.S. labor 
availability is made at the time of a visa application and 
at the location where the applicant wishes to work. 

Median Age— The age which divides the population into 
two equal-sized groups, one younger and one older 
than the median. 

Medical and Legal Parolee— See Parolee. 

Nationality— The country of a person's citizenship. For 
nonimmigrant data, citizenship refers to the alien's 
claimed country of citizenship. 

NATO Official— As a nonimmigrant class of admission, 
an alien coming temporarily to the United States as a 
member of the armed forces or as a civilian employed 
by the armed forces on assignment with a foreign 
government signatory to NATO (North Atlantic Treaty 

fie Organization), and the alien's spouse and unmarried 
minor (or dependent) children. 

la) 

ei. Naturalization— The conferring, by any means, of 

A citizenship upon a person after birth. 

[fli Maturalization Court— Any court authorized to award 
U.S. citizenship. Jurisdiction for naturalization has been 
a . conferred upon the following courts: U.S. District Courts 
it* )f all states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico; 
, , ( he District Courts of Guam and the Virgin Islands; and 
J state courts. Generally, naturalization courts are 
■jj authorized to award citizenship only to those persons 
who reside within their territorial jurisdiction. 

II3 Naturalization Petition— The form used by a lawful per- 
j a nanent resident to apply for U.S. citizenship. The peti- 
jj, ion is filed with a naturalization court through the Im- 
^i nigration and Naturalization Service. 

prill 
HI 



New Arrival— A lawful permanent resident alien who 
enters the United States at a port of entry. The alien 
is generally required to present an immigrant visa 
issued outside the United States by a consular officer 
of the Department of State. Three classes of immigrants, 
however, need not have an immigrant visa to enter the 
U.S.— children born abroad to lawful permanent resident 
aliens, children born subsequent to the issuance of an 
immigrant visa to accompanying parents, and American 
Indians born in Canada. 

Nonimmigrant— An alien who seeks temporary entry 
to the United States for a specific purpose. The alien 
must have a permanent residence abroad and qualify 
for the nonimmigrant classification sought. The nonim- 
migrant classifications are: foreign government of- 
ficials, visitors for business and for pleasure, aliens in 
transit through the United States, treaty traders and in- 
vestors, students, international representatives, tem- 
porary workers and trainees, representatives of foreign 
information media, exchange visitors, fiances(ees) of 
U.S. citizens, intracompany transferees, and NATO of- 
ficials. Most nonimmigrant classes can be accompanied 
or joined by spouses and unmarried minor (or depen- 
dent) children. Although refugees, parolees, 
withdrawals, and stowaways are considered nonim- 
migrants upon arrival to the United States, these 
classes as well as crewmen, are not included in nonim- 
migrant admission data. See other sections of Glossary 
for detailed descriptions of classes of nonimmigrant 
admission. 

Nonpreference Category — Nonpreference visas are 
available to any qualified applicant not entitled to one 
under the other preferences. Nonpreference numbers 
have been unavailable since September 1978 because 
of high demand in preference categories. 

Occupation — For an alien entering the United States 
or adjusting without a labor certification, occupation 
refers to the employment held in the country of last or 
legal residence or the United States. For an alien with 
a labor certification, occupation is the employment for 
which certification has been issued. Labor certification 
would be issued to third, sixth, and nonpreference im- 
migrants or to nonimmigrant temporary workers (H-2s) 
performing services unavailable in the United States. 

Occupational Preferences— The third and sixth 
categories of the immigrant preference system. Third 
preference allows for the admission of members of the 
professions, and scientists or artists of exceptional abili- 
ty. Sixth preference covers skilled or unskilled occupa- 
tions for which labor is in short supply in the United 
States. 

Orphan — For immigration purposes, a child whose 
parents have died or disappeared, or who has been 
abandoned or otherwise separated from both parents. 
An orphan may also be a child whose sole surviving 
parent is incapable of providing that child with proper 



125 



care and who has, in writing, irrevocably released the 
child for emigration and adoption. In order to qualify as 
an immediate relative, the orphan must be under the 
age of sixteen at the time a petition is filed on his or 
her behalf. To enter the United States, an orphan must 
have been adopted abroad by a U.S. citizen or be com- 
ing to the United States for adoption by a citizen. 

Panama Canal Act Immigrants— Three categories of 
special immigrants established by Public Law 96-70 
(Act of 9/27/79): 1) certain former employees of the 
Panama Canal Company or Canal Zone Government, 
their spouses and children; 2) certain former 
employees of the U.S. government in the Panama Canal 
Zone, their spouses and children; and 3) certain former 
employees of the Panama Canal Company or Canal 
Zone Government on April 1, 1979, their spouses and 
children. The Act provides for admission of a maximum 
of 15,000 immigrants, at a rate of no more than 5,000 
a year. They are not, however, subject to the worldwide 
limitation. 

Parolee— An alien, appearing to be inadmissible to the 
inspecting officer, allowed to enter the United States 
under emergency (humanitarian) conditions or when 
that alien's entry is determined to be in the public in- 
terest. Parole does not constitute a formal admission 
to the United States and confers temporary admission 
status only, requiring parolees to leave when the con- 
ditions supporting their parole cease to exist. Although 
these aliens are technically considered nonimmigrants 
upon arrival, parolees are not included in nonimmigrant 
admission data. Definitions of parolees include: 

1) Indefinite parolee— Parole is usually set for a 
specified period of time according to the condi- 
tions of parole. In some cases, as conditions war- 
rant, the period of parole is specified as indefinite. 

2) Deferred inspection— Parole may be granted to 
an alien who appears not to be clearly admissi- 
ble to the inspecting officer. An appointment will 
be made for the alien's appearance at another 
Service office where more information is available 
and the inspection can be completed. 

3) Medical and legal parolee— Parole may be 
granted to an alien who has a serious medical 
condition which would make detention or return 
inappropriate or who is to serve as a witness in 
legal proceedings or is subject to prosecution in 
the United States. 

Per-Country Limit— The maximum number of im- 
migrant visas that can be issued to any one country in 
a fiscal year. Natives of independent countries can cur- 
rently be issued no more than 20,000 visa numbers and 
natives of their dependencies no more than 600 of that 
total. The per-country limit does not indicate, however, 
that a country will be given 20,000 visa numbers each 
year, just that it cannot receive more than that number. 



126 



Because of the combined workings of the preference 
system and per-country limits, most countries do not 
reach this level of visa issuance. 

Port of Entry— Any location in the United States or its 
territories which is designated as a point of entry for 
aliens and U.S. citizens. All district and files control of- 
fices are also considered ports since they become loca- 
tions of entry for aliens adjusting to immigrant status. 

Preinspection— Complete immigration inspection of 
airport passengers before departure from a foreign 
country. No further immigration inspection is required 
upon arrival in the United States other than submission 
of I-94 forms for nonimmigrant aliens. 

Preference System— The six categories among which 
270,000 immigrant visa numbers are distributed each 
year: unmarried sons and daughters (over 21 years of 
age) of U.S. citizens (20 percent); spouses and unmar- 
ried sons and daughters of aliens lawfully admitted for 
permanent residence (26 percent); members of the pro- 
fessions or persons of exceptional ability in the sciences 
and arts (10 percent); married sons and daughters ol 
U.S. citizens (10 percent); brothers and sisters of U.S. 
citizens over 21 years of age (24 percent); and needec 
skilled or unskilled workers (10 percent). A seventh non- 
preference category, historically open to immigrants no 
entitled to a visa number under one of the si> 
preferences just listed, has had no numbers available 
since September 1978. 

Principal Alien— The alien from whom another alier 
derives a privilege or status under the immigration lav 
or regulations (usually spouses and minor children). 

Refugee — Any person who is outside his or her coun 
try of nationality who is unable or unwilling to return V 
that country because of persecution or a well-foundei 
fear of persecution. Persecution or the fear thereof ma 
be based on the alien's race, religion, nationality 
membership in a particular social group, or politic? 
opinion. People with no nationality must be outside the 
country of last habitual residence to qualify as a refugee 
Refugees are exempt from numerical limitation and ar 
eligible to adjust to lawful permanent residence afte 
one year of continuous presence in the United State: 
Although these aliens are considered nonimmigrant 
when initially admitted to the United States, refugee 
are not included in nonimmigrant admission data. 



Refugee Approvals— The number of refugees appro* 
ed for admission to the United States during a fisci 
year. Refugee approvals are made by Immigration an j 
Naturalization Service officers in overseas offices. 

Refugee Arrivals— The number of refugees the In 
migration and Naturalization Service initially admits) 
the United States through ports of entry during a fisci 
year. 



)or 



Od 



ire 
ire 



Refugee Authorized Admissions— The maximum 
number of refugees allowed to enter the United States 
in a given fiscal year. As set forth in the Refugee Act 
of 1980, Public Law 96-212, the annual figure is deter- 
mined by the President after consultations with 
Congress. 

Refugee Conditional Entrant— An alien who entered 
the United States or who adjusted to lawful permanent 
resident status under the seventh preference category 
of Public Law 89-236 (Act of 10/3/65). Visa numbers 
for conditional entrants were limited to six percent of 
the total numerical limitation. The seventh preference 
was abolished by the Refugee Act of 1980 (PL. 96-212) 
and the six-percent limitation was assigned to the se- 
cond preference. At the same time, the worldwide 
numerical limit for immigrants was reduced from 
290,000 to 270,000 per fiscal year. 

Refugee-Parolee — A qualified applicant for conditional 
entry, between February 1970 and April 1980, whose ap- 
plication for admission to the United States could not 
be approved because of inadequate numbers of 
seventh preference visas. As a result, the applicant was 
j paroled into the United States under the parole authority 
granted the Attorney General. 

I Region— Any one of four areas of the United States in- 
to which the Immigration and Naturalization Service 
divides jurisdiction for administrative purposes — 
Eastern Region, Southern Region, Northern Region, 
and Western Region. 

Relative Preferences— The first, second, fourth, and 

fifth categories of the immigrant preference system. The 

first preference allows the entry of unmarried sons and 

daughters (over 21 years of age) of U.S. citizens. The 

second preference covers spouses and unmarried sons 

: and daughters of aliens lawfully admitted for permanent 

I r esidence. The fourth preference allows for the entry 

I of married sons and daughters of U.S. citizens. The fifth 

; oreference includes the brothers and sisters of U.S. 

; :itizens, provided such citizens are at least 21 years of 

': age- 

Required Departure— The directed departure of an 
alien from the United States without an order of depor- 
tation. The departure may be voluntary or involuntary 
l )n the part of the alien, and may or may not have been 
preceded by a hearing before an immigration judge, 
pata for a fiscal year cover the required departures 
Verified in that fiscal year. Airlines, ship companies, or 
: J)ort officials provide the Immigration and Naturaliza- 
; |ion Service with the departure data on aliens required 
o depart. Detailed required departure data cover only 
hose aliens placed under docket control. The data do 
lot include aliens who are required to depart directly 
inder safeguards, i.e., those aliens who immediately 
ire turned out of the United States. The latter cases 
tre counted for workload purposes and are included 
required departure Tables 54 and 65. 



Silva Immigrants— Immigrants from independent 
Western Hemisphere countries and their spouses and 
children who were issued preference numbers under 
the Silva Program (1977-81). The Silva Program was 
instituted by court order to provide for the recapture of 
144,999 preference visa numbers originally used for 
Cuban refugee adjustments. Silva numbers, although 
subject to an overall numerical limitation, were assigned 
in addition to the annual worldwide limitation. 

Special Immigrants — Certain categories of immigrants 
exempt from numerical limitations on visa issuance: 
persons who lost citizenship by marriage; persons who 
lost citizenship by serving in foreign armed forces; 
ministers of religion, their spouses and children; cer- 
tain employees and former employees of the U.S. 
government abroad, their spouses and children; 
Panama Canal Act immigrants; and certain foreign 
medical school graduates, their spouses and children. 

Special Naturalization Provisions— Provisions cover- 
ing special classes of persons who may be naturalized 
even though they do not meet all the general re- 
quirements for naturalization. Such special provisions 
allow: 1) wives or husbands of U.S. citizens to be 
naturalized in three years instead of the prescribed five 
years; 2) a surviving spouse of a U.S. citizen who 
served in the armed forces to file in any naturalization 
court instead of where he or she resides; and 3) 
children of U.S. citizen parents to be naturalized without 
meeting the literacy or government-knowledge re- 
quirements or taking the oath, if too young to unders- 
tand the meaning. Other classes of persons who may 
qualify for special consideration are former U.S. citizens, 
servicemen, seamen, and employees of organizations 
promoting U.S. interests abroad. 

Stateless— Having no nationality. 

Stowaway— An alien coming to the United States sur- 
reptitiously on an airplane or vessel without legal status 
of admission who, therefore, is subject to denial of for- 
mal admission and return to the point of embarkation 
by the transportation carrier. 

Student— As a nonimmigrant class of admission, an 
alien coming temporarily to the United States to pur- 
sue a full course of study in an approved program in 
either an academic (college, university, seminary, con- 
servatory, academic high school, elementary school, 
other institution, or language training program) or a 
vocational or other recognized nonacademic institution. 

Subject to Numerical Limitations— Condition impos- 
ed on all immigration to the United States, except for 
the immediate relatives of U.S. citizens and certain 
special immigrants. The number of aliens accorded 
lawful permanent residence under the provisions of the 
preference system must not exceed 270,000 in any fiscal 
year. The preference system provides for the admission 
of relatives of citizens (other than immediate relatives), 
immediate relatives of lawful permanent resident aliens, 
aliens in specified occupations, as well as other 
immigrants. 127 



Suspension of Deportation — A discretionary benefit 
adjusting the alien's status from that of deportable alien 
to one lawfully admitted for permanent residence. Ap- 
plication for suspension of deportation is made during 
the course of a deportation hearing before an immigra- 
tion judge. 

Temporary Worker— Temporary workers consist of 
three categories of nonimmigrant alien workers: aliens 
of distinguished merit and ability coming temporarily 
to the United States to perform services of an excep- 
tional nature; aliens coming to the United States to per- 
form temporary services or labor, if unemployed per- 
sons capable of performing the service cannot be found 
in the United States; and aliens coming temporarily to 
the United States as trainees, other than to receive 
graduate medical education or training. 

Transit Alien— An alien in immediate and continuous 
transit through the United States, with or without a visa, 
including 1) aliens who qualify as persons entitled to 
pass in transit to and from the United Nations Head- 
quarters District and foreign countries, and 2) foreign 
government officials and their spouses and unmarried 
minor (or dependent) children in transit. 

Transition Quarter— The three-month period— July 1 
through September 30, 1976— between fiscal year 1976 
and fiscal year 1977. At that time, the fiscal year defini- 
tion shifted from July 1-June 30 to October 
1-September 30. 

Transit Without Visa (TWOV)— An alien traveling 
without a nonimmigrant visa under section 238 of the 
immigration law. 



Treaty Trader or Investor— As a nonimmigrant class of 
admission, an alien coming temporarily to the United 
States, under the provisions of a treaty of commerce 
and navigation between the United States and the 
foreign state of such alien, to carry on substantial trade 
or to direct the operations of an enterprise in which he 
has invested a substantial amount of capital, and the 
alien's spouse and unmarried (or dependent) children. 

Unmarried Alien — An alien minor, who is not married 
at the time an application is filed. 

Virgin Islands Adjustment Act— Public Law 97-271 
(Act of 9/30/82) providing for the adjustment to lawful 
permanent resident status of certain nonimmigrants 
who entered the Virgin Islands as temporary workers 
or as the spouse or child of such a worker. Aliens who 
are eligible to adjust under this act must have resided 
in the Virgin Islands since June 30, 1975. 

Withdrawal— An alien's voluntary removal of an ap- 
plication for admission to the United States in lieu of 
an exclusion hearing before an immigration judge. 
Although these aliens are technically considered nonim- 
migrants when applying for entry, withdrawals are not 
included in the nonimmigrant admission data. 

Worldwide Ceiling — The numerical limit imposed on 
immigrant visa issuance worldwide beginning in fiscal 
year 1979. The current limitation totals 270,000 visa 
numbers. Prior to enactment of Public Law 96-212 on 
March 17, 1980, the worldwide limitation was 290,000. 
The limitation in fiscal year 1980 was 280,000. 



128 



Data Sources 



Data Series 



Form Number and Title 



Immigrants 



• New arrivals (Except children born subsequent to 
issuance of immigrant visa to accompanying alien 
parents; children born to lawful permanent resident 
aliens during temporary visits abroad; and 
American Indians born in Canada) 

• Adjustments (And special new arrival cases listed 
above) 



Naturalizations 



Nonimmigrants 

Deportations 

Required Departures 

Exclusions 



Performance Analysis 
Refugees 



Asy/ees 



OF-155 - (State Dept.) Immigrant Visa and Alien 
Registration 

OF-230 - (State Dept.) Application for Immigrant Visa 
and Alien Registration 



1-181 - Memorandum of Creation of Record of Lawful 
Permanent Residence 

N-400 - Application to File Petition for Naturalization 

N-402 - Application to File Petition for Naturalization 
in Behalf of Child 

N-405 - Petition for Naturalization 

N-480 - Naturalization Petitions Recommended to Be 
Granted 

I-94 - Arrival/Departure Record 

1-154 - Deportation Docket Control Card 

1-154 - Deportation Docket Control Card 

1-161 - Record of Required Departure Authorized 
Prior to OSC Issuance 

I-259 - Notice to Detain, Deport, Remove, or Present 
Aliens 

I-275 - Notice of Withdrawal of Application for Admis- 
sion to the U.S. 

I-295 - Notice of Decision (of Immigration Judge) 

I-296 - Notice to Alien Ordered Excluded by Immi- 
gration Judge 

G-23 - Report of Field Operations 

G-319 - Report of Applicants for Refugee Status 
under Section 207, INA 

G-23.3, Supplement D-lnitial Admissions of 
Refugees 

I-590 - Registration for Classification as Refugee 

G-23.3, Supplement A- Asylum Cases Filed with 
District Directors Pursuant to Section 208, 
INA 

I-589 - Request for Asylum in the United States 



* U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1 987 - 195-563 



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