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BOSTON 
PUBLIC 
LIBRARY i 




U.S. Department of Justice 

Immigration and Naturalization Service 



<J 



1986 

Statistical Yearbook 

of the Immigration 

and Naturalization Service 






U.S. Department of Justice 

Immigration & Naturalization Service 



1986 

Statistical Yearbook 

of the Immigration 

and Naturalization Service 




^^^m 













Issued October 1987 




IMMIGRATION AND NATURALIZATION SERVICE 



Alan C. Nelson, Commissioner 

Mark W. Everson, Deputy Commissioner 



OFFICE OF PLANS AND ANALYSIS 
John E. Nahan, Director 



PLANNING STAFF 
Lisa S. Roney, Director 



October 1987 



This report was prepared under the direction of Robert Warren, Chief, Statistical Analysis Branch. Michael 
D. Hoefer was responsible for coordination of procedures, compilation, and data processing. 

Copies of each Statistical Yearbool^ from 1965 to 1986 (entitled Annual Report prior to 1978) can be purchas- 
ed from the National Technical Information Service (NTIS), 5285 Port Royal Rd., Springfield, VA 22161. Phone: 
(703) 487-4650. The NTIS order number for this report is PB87-217238. 



Library of Congress 

National Serials Data Program 

International Standard Serial Number: 

(ISSN) 0743-538X 



Suggested Citation 

U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service, Statistical Yearbook of the Immigration 
and Naturalization Sen/ice, 1986, U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1987 



# 



PAGE LOCATOR 




IMMIGRANTS 



REFUGEES 
ASYLEES 



NONIMMIGRANTS 



NATURALIZATIONS 



ENFORCEMENT 



ENTRIES 

LITIGATION 

LEGAL ACTIVITY 



GLOSSARY 



1986 Statistical Yearbook 
of the Immigration and 
Naturalization 
Service 

Contents 



General Information 

Page 

Introduction xiii 

I. Immigrants xv 

II. Refugees xxii 

III. Asylees xxv 

IV. Nonimmigrants xxvi 

V. Naturalizations xxxi 

VI. Enforcement xxxv 

VII. Entries xxxviii 

VIII. Public Use Tapes xxxix 

IX. Data Gaps xl 



Maps, Charts, Text Tables 

Maps 

Map of the United States showing immigrants admitted by state of intended residence per 100,000 popula- 
tion: fiscal year 1986 x 

Map of the United States showing refugees and asylees granted lawful permanent resident status by state 

of residence per 100,000 population: fiscal year 1986 xli 

Charts 

Immigrants admitted, calendar years 1970-79 by region of birth and naturalizations of those immigrants: fiscal 

years 1970-86 xi 

Nonimmigrants admitted as temporary workers, intracompany transferees, and exchange visitors from top 

twenty countries of citizenship: fiscal year 1986 xii 

Immigrants admitted by region of birth: selected fiscal years 1955-86 xiv 

Immigrants admitted by major type of admission: fiscal years 1982 and 1986 xlii 



Charts-Continued 

Page 

A. Immigrants admitted: fiscal years 1900-86 xvi 

B. Immigrants admitted as immediate relatives of U.S. citizens: fiscal years 1977-86 xx 

C. Percent age and sex distribution of U.S. population and immigrants admitted in fiscal year 1986 ... xxi 

D. Refugee and asyiee initial admissions and admissions to lawful permanent resident status: fiscal 

years 1946-86 xxii 

E. Refugees and asylees granted lawful permanent resident status by decade and selected region of 

birtfi: fiscal years 1946-86 xxiv 

F. Nonimmigrants admitted by selected class of admission from top ten countries of citizenship: fiscal 

year 1986 xxvii 

G. Nonimmigrants admitted: fiscal years 1975-86 xxviii 

H. Nonimmigrants admitted by selected class and month of admission: calendar years 1983-86 xxix 

I. Persons naturalized by provision of law: fiscal years 1908-86 xxxi 

J. Persons naturalized by decade and selected region of birth: fiscal years 1951-86 xxxii 

K. Immigrants admitted, calendar years 1970-79 by selected country of birth and naturalizations of 

those immigrants: fiscal years 1970-86 xxxiv 

L. Aliens apprehended: fiscal years 1951-86 xxxvi 

M. Estimated primary inspection admissions for top twenty ports of entry: fiscal year 1986 xxxix 

Text Tables 

A. Worldwide limited immigrants (270,000 annually) xv 

B. Percent of immigrants admitted by region and period: fiscal years 1955-86 xvii 

C. Immigrants admitted from top fifteen countries of birth: fiscal year 1986 xviii 

D. Immigrants admitted by major category of admission: fiscal year 1986 xix 

E. Nonimmigrants admitted from top fifteen countries of last residence, ranked by change: fiscal 

years 1975-86 xxix 

F. Median years of residence by year of naturalization and region of birth: selected fiscal years 

1960-86 xxxiii 



Detailed Tables 

Immigrants 

1. Immigration to the United States: fiscal years 1820-1986 1 

2. Immigration by region and selected country of last residence: fiscal years 1820-1986 2 

3. Immigrants admitted by region and selected country of birth: fiscal years 1976-86 6 

4. Immigrants admitted by type and class of admission: fiscal years 1980-86 8 

5. Immigrants admitted by class of admission and region and selected foreign state of chargeability under the 

worldwide numerical limitation: fiscal year 1986 12 

6. Immigrants admitted by type of admission and region and selected country of birth: fiscal year 

1986 14 



Tables-Conf/nued 

Immigrants pg 

7. Immigrants admitted by class of admission and region and selected country of birth: fiscal year 

1986 16 

8. Immigrants admitted by class of admission and region and selected country of last permanent residence: 

fiscal year 1986 18 

9. Immigrants admitted who were adjusted to permanent resident status by selected status at entry and 

region and selected country of birth: fiscal year 1986 20 

10. Immigrants admitted in fiscal year 1986 by calendar year of entry, type of admission, and region and 

selected country of birth 22 

1 1 . Immigrants admitted by age and sex: fiscal years 1976-86 24 

12. Immigrants admitted by selected country of birth, age, and sex: fiscal year 1986 25 

13. Immigrants admitted by marital status, age, and sex: fiscal year 1986 28 

14. Immigrants admitted as orphans by sex, age, and region and selected country of birth: fiscal year 

1986 29 

15. Immigrant new arrivals admitted by selected port of entry and region and selected country of birth: 

fiscal year 1986 30 

16. Immigrants admitted by selected country of birth and state of intended residence: fiscal year 1986 32 

17. Immigrants admitted by state of intended residence: fiscal years 1976-79 and 1982-86 35 

18. Immigrants admitted by major occupation group and region and selected country of birth: fiscal year 

1986 36 

1 9. Immigrant beneficiaries of occupational preferences admitted by type of admission and occupation: fiscal 

year 1986 38 

Refugees, Asylees 

20. Refugee-Status applications: fiscal years 1980-86 41 

21 . Refugee-status applications by geographic area and selected country of chargeability: fiscal year 1986 41 

22. Refugee approvals and admissions by geographic area of chargeability: fiscal years 1980-86 .... 42 

23. Refugee arrivals into the United States by selected nationality: fiscal years 1982-86 42 

24. Refugees granted lawful permanent resident status in fiscal year 1986 by calendar year of entry and 

region and selected country of birth 43 

25. Refugees granted lawful permanent resident status by selected country of birth, age, and sex: fiscal year 

1986 44 

26. Refugees granted lawful permanent resident status by selected country of birth and state of residence: 

fiscal year 1986 46 

27. Asylum cases filed with INS district directors: fiscal years 1973-86 48 

28. Number of individuals granted asylum by INS district directors by selected nationality: fiscal years 

1984-86 48 

29. Asylum cases filed with INS district directors by selected nationality: fiscal year 1986 49 

30. Asylum cases filed with INS district directors by INS region and district office: fiscal year 1986 ... 50 

31 . Asylees granted lawful permanent resident status by selected country of birth, age, and sex: fiscal year 

1986 51 

32. Asylees granted lawful permanent resident status by selected country of birth and state of residence: 

fiscal year 1986 52 



Tables-Continued 

Refugees, Asylees 



Page 



33. Asylees granted lawful permanent resident status in fiscal year 1986 by calendar year of entry and 

region and selected country of birth 53 

34. Refugees and asylees granted lawful permanent resident status by enactment: fiscal years 1946-86 54 

35. Refugees and asylees granted lawful permanent resident status by decade and region and selected 

country of birtfi: fiscal years 1946-86 55 

36. Refugees and asylees granted lawful permanent resident status by region and selected country of birthi: 

fiscal years 1977-86 56 

Nonimmigrants 

37. Nonimmigrants admitted by selected class of admission and region and selected country of last residence: 

fiscal years 1975, 1978, 1981, 1984, and 1986 58 

38. Nonimmigrants admitted by selected class of admission and region and selected country of citizenship: 

fiscal year 1986 60 

39. Nonimmigrants admitted by class of admission: fiscal years 1975, 1978, 1981, and 1984-86 64 

40. Nonimmigrants admitted as temporary workers, exchange visitors, and intracompany transferees by 

region and selected country of citizenship: fiscal year 1986 65 

41 . Nonimmigrants admitted by selected port of entry and region and selected country of citizenship: fiscal 

year 1986 68 

42. Nonimmigrants admitted by age and region and selected country of citizenship: fiscal year 1986 . . 72 

Naturalizations 

43. Petitions for naturalization filed, persons naturalized, and petitions for naturalization denied: fiscal 

years 1907-86 76 

44. Persons naturalized by general and special naturalization provisions: fiscal years 1981-86 77 

45. Persons naturalized by selected naturalization provisions and region and selected country of former 

allegiance: fiscal year 1986 78 

46. Persons naturalized by region and selected country of former allegiance: fiscal years 1977-86 .... 80 

47. Persons naturalized by sex, marital status, and major occupation group: fiscal years 1981-86 82 

48. Persons naturalized by state of residence: fiscal years 1977-86 83 

49. Persons naturalized by selected country of former allegiance and state of residence: fiscal year 1986 84 

50. Persons naturalized by major occupation group and region and selected country of former 

allegiance: fiscal year 1986 86 

51 . Persons naturalized in fiscal year 1986 by calendar year of entry and region and selected country of birth 88 

52. Persons naturalized by selected country of former nationality, age, and sex: fiscal year 1986 90 

53. Persons naturalized by age and sex: fiscal years 1977-86 92 



Tab\es-Continued 

Enforcement Paqe 

54. Aliens apprehended, deported, and required to depart: fiscal years 1892-1986 95 

55. Deportable aliens located by status at entry and region and selected country of nationality: fiscal 

year 1986 96 

56. Aliens excluded by cause: fiscal years 1892-1986 97 

57. Aliens excluded by region and country of birth: fiscal years 1986 98 

58. Aliens under docket control required to depart by region and country of nationality: calendar years 

1980-86 101 

59. Aliens under docket control required to depart by cause and region and selected country of nationality: 

fiscal year 1986 104 

60. Aliens deported by cause: fiscal years 1981-1986 105 

61. Aliens deported by region and country of nationality: calendar years 1980-86 106 

62. Aliens deported by region and selected country to which deported: fiscal years 1977-86 109 

63. Aliens deported by cause and region and selected country of nationality: fiscal year 1986 110 

64. Aliens deported and under docket control required to depart by status at entry: fiscal years 1981-86 111 

65. Aliens deported and required to depart by region and district office: fiscal year 1986 112 

66. Report of Service participation in the control of marijuana, narcotics, and dangerous drug traffic: fiscal 

years 1980-86 113 

67. Principal activities and accomplishments of the Border Patrol: fiscal years 1980-86 114 

Entries 

68. Primary inspections of total estimated aliens and citizens admitted by state and port of entry: fiscal 
year 1986 116 

Litigation, Legal Activity 

69. Prosecutions, fines, and imprisonment for immigration and nationality violations: fiscal years 1980-86 118 

70. Convictions for immigration and nationality violations: fiscal years 1980-86 118 

71 . Writs of habeas corpus, judicial review of orders of deportation, and declaratory judgements in exclusion 

and deportation cases: fiscal years 1980-86 119 



Glossary 122 

Data Sources 129 



Q. 
O 
Q. 




Immigrants Admitted, Calendar Years 1970-79 by Region of Birth and Naturalizations of Those 
Immigrants: Fiscal Years 1970-86 

Thousands 



1,500 



1,350 



1,200 



1,050 



900 



750 



600 



450 



300 



150 



Persons 
naturalized 



{| 



Immigrants 
admitted 



Percent naturalized 



North America 

Asia 

Europe 

South America 

Africa 

Oceania 




16.2 
50.4 
26.8 
27.0 
37.9 
16.5 



..kuiMiliiiuMlilli 



North America Asia 



Europe South America Africa Oceania 



Nonimmigrants Admitted as Temporary Workers, Intracompany Transferees, and Exchange Visitors 
from Top Twenty Countries of Citizenship: Fiscal Year 1986 



United Kingdom 
Canada 

Jamaica 

Japan 

IVIexico 

France 

Germany, Fed. Rep. 

Philippines 

China 

Sweden 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Australia 

India 

Venezuela 

Ireland 
Spain 

Israel 

Brazil 

Switzerland 

Thousands 



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TZZZZZ 



77ZZZZZZZZZZZZZZA 



^^^77Z 



^^^ 






^7777777^ 



VTTTm 
W777? ^ 



^77A 
V777A 



X///A Temporary workers 
and intracompany 
transferees 

■■■ Exchange 
visitors 



10 



15 



20 



25 



NOTE: China includes Mainland China and Taiwan. 
Source: Table 40. 



Introduction 



The Statistical Yearbook of the Immigration and Naturalization Service contains data on the characteristics of the 
diverse groups of aliens processed in the Service's various data collection programs. The 1986 Yearbool< represents 
a departure from recent yearbooks. While detailed data continue to be presented in tabular form, the tables have 
been revised for clearer and more concise presentation. Additionally, a description and analysis section has been 
included this year to facilitate understanding of the tables and the procedures used by INS to collect the informa- 
tion. As part of the narrative text, charts and maps appear for further illustration of the data. 

Though data for fiscal year 1986 are featured in this Vearboo/c, historical data are also furnished. The major areas 
covered include immigrants admitted for legal permanent residence; refugees approved and admitted; asylees 
approved; nonimmigrant arrivals (e.g., tourists, students, etc.); aliens naturalized; aliens apprehended and expelled; 
and aliens inspected at ports of entry. 

The statistics for 1986 reflect the increasing level and changing geographic origin of international migration to the 
United States. The number of immigrants admitted and the number naturalized in 1986 reached their highest levels 
in more than 30 years. In addition, approximately 300 million border crossings were recorded, more than 7 million 
tourists were admitted, and 1.8 million deportable aliens were apprehended. A large proportion of the new immigrants, 
naturalized citizens, tourists, and students were from Asian countries. Highlights for 1986 include: 

601,708 immigrants were admitted— the highest total in over 50 years. 

Asia was the leading region of immigration with approximately 45 percent of the total. 

Nearly three-quarters of all immigrants intended to reside in six states: California, New York, Florida, Texas, 

New Jersey, and Illinois. 

Cuba was the leading country for refugee adjustments— the first year in the 1980s that Vietnam was not the 
leading country. 

10.5 million nonimmigrants were admitted— 70 percent were tourists. 

Over 60 percent of all nonimmigrants arrived at four ports: New York, Miami, Los Angeles, and Honolulu. 

More than 261,000 foreign students entered the United States. 

280,623 aliens were naturalized— the highest total since 1944. 

For the first time Vietnam was the leading country of birth for naturalized citizens with 31,158. 

Nearly 50 percent of the naturalized citizens for the period 1981-86 were born in Asia. 

Apprehensions of deportable aliens reached an historical high of 1.8 million. 

More than 300 million people entered the United States across land borders in 1986. 

San Ysidro, California was the leading port of entry with 34.1 million entries. 

The Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 was passed after the close of fiscal year 1986; therefore, statistics 
collected as a result of the 1986 Act will appear in future yearbooks. 



Immigrants Admitted by Region of Birth: Selected Fiscal Years 1955-86 

Thousands 



600 



Asia 
E^i-xl North America 

Europe 

South America 
D Other 



500 



400 



300 



200 



100 




1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 



1986 



Source: 1980-86, Table 3; 1955-75, previous yearbooks. 



I. Immigrants 



Immigrants are aliens admitted for legal permanent 
residence in the United States. The procedures for ad- 
mission depend on whether the alien is residing inside 
or outside the United States at the time of application 
for permanent residence. Eligible aliens residing out- 
side the United States are issued immigrant visas by 
the U.S. Department of State and are admitted at U.S. 
ports of entry. Eligible aliens residing in the United 
States are allowed to change their status from tem- 
porary to permanent residence at district offices of the 
U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS). 

A total of 601,708 aliens were admitted as immigrants 
during fiscal year 1986. Total admissions in 1986 were 
5.6 percent higher than in 1985, representing the highest 
yearly total in more than 50 years. The increase above 
the fiscal year 1985 level was principally due to (1) an 
increase in the admission of immediate relatives of U.S. 
citizens, and (2) an increase in the adjustment of Cuban 
refugees who entered during the "Mariel boatlift" in 
1980. 



U.S. Immigration Policy 

U.S. immigration law gives preferential immigration 
status to aliens who are related to certain U.S. citizens 



or legal permanent residents, aliens with needed job 
skills, or aliens who qualify as refugees. There are other 
categories of aliens who may qualify for immigration, 
but they account for relatively few admissions. Immigra- 
tion to the United States can be divided into two general 
categories: (1) those subject to the annual worldwide 
limitation, and (2) those exempt from it. 

Immigration Subject to the Worldwide Limitation 

A maximum of 270,000 immigrants may be admitted an- 
nually under the worldwide limitation. Within this overall 
limitation, no more than 20,000 immigrants may come 
from any independent country and no more than 600 
from a dependency. Visa allocation is determined by 
a system consisting of six preference categories, each 
with its own numerical limitation (Table A). The first, se- 
cond, fourth, and fifth preferences are based on the 
alien's relationship with a U.S. citizen or legal perma- 
nent resident, and the third and sixth preferences are 
based on needed job skills. Aliens not eligible for any 
of the six preferences may qualify for the nonpreference 
category. Visas for the nonpreference category are 
issued when the authorized visas in the preference 
categories are not used. Heavy demand for preference 
visas has resulted in no nonpreference visas being 
issued since fiscal year 1978. 



Table A 
Worldwide Limited Immigrants (270,000 annually) 



Preference 



Provision 



Percent and 
number of visas 



First 

Second 

Third 

Fourth 

Fifth 

Sixth 

Nonpreference 



Unmarried sons and daughters of U.S. citizens 
and their children 

Spouses and unmarried sons and daughters of 
permanent resident aliens 

Members of the professions of exceptional ability 
and their sons and daughters 

Married sons and daughters of U.S. citizens and 
their spouses and children 

Brothers and sisters of U.S. citizens (at least 21 
years of age) and their spouses and children 

Workers in skilled or unskilled occupations in 
which laborers are in short supply in the United 
States and their spouses and children 

Other qualified applicants 



20% or 54,000 
26% or 70,200* 
10% or 27,000 
10% or 27,000* 
24% or 64,800* 
10% or 27,000 



Any numbers 
not used above* 



*Numbers not used in higher preferences may be used in these categories. 



Immigration Exempt from the Worldwide Limitation Data Overview 



The major categories of immigrants exempt from the 
worldwide limitation of 270,000 are listed below. 

• Immediate relatives of U.S. citizens: 

Spouses 

Children (including orphans) 

Parents (of U.S. citizens at least 21 years of age) 

• Refugees and asylees adjusting to permanent 
residence 

• Special immigrants: 

Certain ministers of religion 

Certain former employees of the U.S. government 

abroad 
Certain persons who lost U.S. citizenship 
Certain foreign medical graduates 

• Babies born abroad to legal permanent resident 
aliens 



Total Immigration 

The number of immigrants admitted during the 1980s 
has averaged approximately 571,000 per year During 
the first decade of the 1900s, when immigration to the 
United States was at its highest level, annual admis- 
sions averaged 880,000. The differences between past 
and present immigration levels are more pronounced 
when comparing immigration rates based on the total 
U.S. population. The average annual number of im- 
migrants admitted from 1980-86 was 2.4 immigrants per 
thousand U.S. inhabitants. The annual immigration rate 
during 1901-10 was approximately 4 times as great 
(10.4). 

The nadir of U.S. immigration began with the great 
depression and ended at the conclusion of World War 
II. Since that time immigration has generally increased, 
and during the past year it reached its highest total in 
more than 50 years (Chart A). The 1986 immigration 



Chart A 

Immigrants Admitted: Fiscal Years 1900-86 

Thousands 




1900 



1910 



1920 



1930 



1940 



1950 



1960 



1970 



1980 1986 



Source; Table 1. 



total of 601,708, however, is only slightly higher than the 
annual average for the 1980s. Legal immigration will 
continue to increase in the next few years as aliens are 
legalized under the provisions of the Immigration 
Reform and Control Act of 1986. Aliens granted tem- 
porary status under the Legalization Program will be 
eligible to adjust to permanent residence beginning In 
fiscal year 1988. 

Region and Country 

Asia had the highest number of admissions in 1986 
(44.6 percent). This continues a trend that began with 
the elimination of country-specific immigration quotas 
by the 1965 amendments to the Immigration and Na- 
tionality Act. Immigration from Asia Increased after the 
1965 Act, while the number of immigrants entering from 
Europe decreased (Table B). Asia has had the highest 
Immigrant total every year since 1978, when In- 
dochlnese refugees who were paroled into the United 
States were first allowed to adjust to permanent resi- 
dent status. 

Mexico and the Philippines continued as the countries 
with the highest number of immigrant admissions in 



1986 (Table C). These countries had the highest totals 
in 1985, and have accounted for the most immigrants 
admitted during the 1980s. The five countries with the 
highest level of Immigration to the United States dur- 
ing the 1980-86 period are Mexico (458,300), the Philip- 
pines (316,040), Vietnam (308,351), China (Mainland and 
Taiwan) (246,966), and Korea (234,117). 

Cuba had the largest increase between 1985 and 1986 
due to the adjustment of refugees who entered during 
the "Marlel boatlift". The 125,000 Cubans who entered 
the United States in 1980 became eligible to 
adjust their status during 1985 under the Cuban 
Refugee Act of 1966. Approximately 15,000 Cubans ad- 
justed under this provision in 1985 and approximately 
30,000 adjusted during 1986. The countries with the 
largest percentage Increases in Immigration between 
1985 and 1986 were Cuba (62.9 percent), Bangladesh 
(42.6), Ireland (31.6), South Africa (29.4), and Haiti (24.6). 

Immigration from Vietnam decreased 1,902 between 
1985 and 1986 due to a decline In refugee adjustments. 
Other countries with declines in immigration between 
1985 and 1986 included Taiwan (-1,471), Laos (-1,291), 
Poland (-983), and the U.S.S.R. (-933). 



Table B 

Percent of Immigrants Admitted by Region and Period: 

Fiscal Years 1955-86 



Region 


1955-64 


1965-74 


1975-84 


1985 


1986 


All regions 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


Europe 


50.2 


29.8 


13.4 


11.1 


10.4 


North and West 


28.6 


11.0 


5.2 


5.0 


5.0 


South and East 


21.6 


18.7 


8.1 


6.0 


5.4 


Asia 


7.7 


22.4 


43.3 


46.4 


44.6 


Africa 


.7 


1.5 


2.4 


3.0 


2.9 


Oceania 


.4 


.7 


.8 


.7 


.6 


North America 


36.0 


39.6 


33.6 


31.9 


34.5 


Caribbean 


7.1 


18.0 


15.1 


14.6 


16.9 


Central America 


2.5 


2.6 


3.7 


4.6 


4.7 


Other North America 


26.4 


19.0 


14,8 


12.7 


12.9 


South America 


5.1 


6.0 


6.6 


6.9 


7.0 



Source; 1976-86, Table 3; 1955-75, previous yearbooks. 



Table C 

Immigrants Admitted from Top Fifteen Countries of Birth: 

Fiscal Year 1986 





1986 


1985 


Change 


Country of birth 


Number 


Percent 


Total 


601,708 


570,009 


31,699 


5.6 


1) Mexico 


66,533 


61,077 


5,456 


8.9 


2) Philippines 


52,558 


47,978 


4,580 


9.5 


3) Korea 


35,776 


35,253 


523 


1.5 


4) Cuba 


33,114 


20.334 


12,780 


62.9 


5) Vietnam 


29,993 


31,895 


-1,902 


-6.0 


6) India 


26,227 


26,026 


201 


.8 


7) Dominican Republic 


26,175 


23,787 


2,388 


10.0 


8) China, Mainland 


25,106 


24,787 


319 


1.3 


9) Jamaica 


19,595 


18,923 


672 


3.6 


10) Iran 


16,505 


16,071 


434 


2.7 


11) United Kingdom 


13,657 


13,408 


249 


1.9 


12) Cambodia 


13,501 


13,563 


-62 


-.5 


13) Taiwan 


13,424 


14,895 


-1,471 


-9.9 


14) Haiti 


12,666 


10,165 


2,501 


24.6 


15) Colombia 


1 1 ,408 


1 1 ,982 


-574 


-4.8 



Other 



205,470 



199,865 



5,605 



2.8 



Source: Table 3. 



Categories of Admission 

Immigrants Subject to the Worldwide Limitation 

The number of immigrants admitted subject to the 
worldwide limitation is relatively constant from year to 
year since the demand for visas far exceeds the annual 
limit of 270,000. As of January 1986 there were 1.9 
million active registrants awaiting numerically limited 
immigrant visas at consular offices abroad.^ The 
number of immigrants admitted subject to the worldwide 
limitation, however, will increase slightly for the next two 
years due to a provision in the Immigration Reform and 
Control Act of 1986. The limit will be temporarily 
increased to 275,000 in fiscal years 1987 and 1988 to 
allow entry of an extra 5,000 immigrants per year from 
countries that were adversely impacted by the Immigra- 
tion and Nationality Act Amendments of 1965. 

Spouses and unmarried sons and daughters of legal 
permanent residents (second preference) accounted for 



111,000 of the immigrants admitted under the worldwide 
limitation in 1986 (Table D). The next highest category 
of admission in 1986 was brothers or sisters of adult 
U.S. citizens and their families (fifth preference), with 
70,000. 

Immigrants Exempt from the Worldwide Limitation 

The largest increase in immigration between 1985 and 
1986, as in recent years, was in categories of admis- 
sion exempt from the worldwide limitation. 

Immigration of immediate relatives (spouses, parents, 
and children) of U.S. citizens has consistently increas- 
ed over the last 10 years (Chart B). The total number 
of immigrants admitted as immediate relatives has in- 
creased from 112,000 in 1977 to 223,000 in 1986. 
Approximately 60 percent of the immediate relatives ad- 



'U.S. Department of State. Bureau of Consular Affairs, immigrant 
Numbers for May 1986. Number 86, Volume V. 



Table D 

Immigrants Admitted by Major Category of Admission: 

Fiscal Year 1986 





1986 


1985 


Change 




Category of admission 


Number 


Percent 


Total 


601,708 


570,009 


31 ,699 


5.6 


Subject to worldwide limitation 


266,968 


264,208 


2,760 


1.0 


Relative preferences 


212,939 


213,257 


-318 


-.1 


First 


10,910 


9,319 


1,591 


17.1 


Second 


110,926 


114,997 


-4,071 


-3.5 


Fourth 


20,702 


18,460 


2,242 


12.1 


Fifth 


70,401 


70,481 


-80 


-.1 


Occupational preferences 


53,625 


50,895 


2,730 


5.4 


Third 


26,823 


24,905 


1,918 


7.7 


Sixth 


26,802 


25,990 


812 


3.1 


Other 


404 


56 


348 


621.4 


Exempt from worldwide limitation 


334,740 


305,801 


28,939 


9.5 


Immediate relatives 


223,468 


204,368 


19,100 


9.3 


Spouses 


137,597 


129,790 


7,807 


6.0 


Parents 


45,232 


38,986 


6,246 


16.0 


Children 


40,639 


35,592 


5,047 


14.2 


Refugee, asylee adjustments 


104,383 


95,040 


9,343 


9.8 


Other 


6,889 


6,393 


496 


7.8 



Source: Table 4. 



mitted in 1986 were spouses of U.S. citizens, with im- 
migrants from Mexico accounting for 24 percent of the 
spouses. Almost 67 percent of the parents of U.S. 
citizens were born in Asia. Mexico, the Philippines, and 
Korea accounted for over half of the children of U.S. 
citizens admitted, and most of the children born in 
Korea were orphans adopted by U.S. citizens (6,188 or- 
phans out of 6,865 total children). 

The annual number of refugee adjustments is depen- 
dent on the number of arrivals of refugees in preceding 
years. Refugee adjustments in 1986 increased because 
the adjustment of Cuban refugees who entered in 1980 
offset a decrease in the adjustment of Indochinese 
refugees. The number of refugee adjustments from Viet- 
nam, Cambodia, and Laos decreased by 4,270 in 1986. 
The number of Indochinese refugees adjusting to per- 
manent residence should continue to fall because ar- 
rivals have decreased in recent years. Asylee ad- 
justments have reached their limit of 5,000 for the last 



three fiscal years and can be expected to reach that 
limit again in 1987 and 1988. 

Geographic Distribution 

The top six states of intended residence for new im- 
migrants were California, New York, Florida, Texas, New 
Jersey, and Illinois. These states, which constituted 38 
percent of the total U.S. population in 1986, were the 
intended residence of 72 percent of all immigrants ad- 
mitted. These six states have been the leading states 
of residence for new immigrants every year since 1971, 
with California the leading state since 1976. In 1986, 
California accounted for 28 percent of all immigrants 
admitted. 

The states with the highest rates of immigration based 
on population are somewhat different (Map, p. x). 
The leading states in fiscal year 1986 based on rates 
per 100,000 inhabitants were Hawaii (735.8), California 
(625.6), New York (620.2), New Jersey (454.6), and 
Florida (416.3). 



Chart B 

Immigrants Admitted As Immediate Relatives of 

U.S. Citizens: Fiscal Years 1977-86 

Thousands 
140 



120 



100 



80 



60 



40 



20 



Spouses 



Parents 




Children 



1977 



1986 



Source: Table 4. 

Age and Sex 

The numbers of males and females admitted in 1986 
were almost equal (300,777 males and 300,931 
females). A comparison of age distributions shows that 
immigrants are relatively more concentrated in the age 
groups from 20 to 34 years of age than the total U.S. 
population (Chart C). The median ages for the total U.S. 
population are 30.6 for males and 31.9 for females. The 
immigrants are younger, with median ages of 27.2 for 
males and 27.6 for females. 

Occupation 

Almost 40 percent of all immigrants admitted in 1986 
reported having an occupation at the time of entry. Im- 
migrants qualifying for immigrant status based on their 
job skills under the occupational preferences, which 
constituted only 3.8 percent of the total admissions, will 
enter the U.S. workforce in their reported occupations 
as shown in Table 19. These immigrants are composed 



of two groups: (1) members of the professions of ex- 
ceptional ability (third preference), and (2) workers in 
skilled or unskilled occupations in which laborers are 
in short supply in the United States (sixth preference). 
The remaining immigrants have reported either the oc- 
cupation in their last job before immigration or the 
occupation they have been trained in or are qualified 
to perform. 

The leading occupational groups for third preference 
immigrants are engineers, surveyors, and mapping 
scientists (3,170); executive, administrative, and 
managerial occupations (2,518); postsecondary school 
teachers (950); and nurses (616). The leading groups 
for sixth preference immigrants are service occupations 
(4,528); precision production, craft, and repair occupa- 
tions (1,608); executive, administrative, and managerial 
occupations (1,561); and nurses (664). For both third and 
sixth preference immigrants, labor certifications from 
the Department of Labor are generally required in- 
dicating that the entry of such persons will not adversely 
affect U.S. workers, wages, or working conditions. 



Data Collection 

Aliens arriving from outside the United States general- 
ly must have a valid immigrant visa issued by the U.S. 
Department of State to be admitted for legal permanent 
residence. Aliens who are already in the United States 
in a temporary status and are eligible to become legal 
permanent residents are granted immigrant status by 
the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service. Aliens 
entering the United States with immigrant visas are 
referred to as new arrivals, and those already in the 
United States who are granted permanent resident 
status are referred to as adjustments. The source of in- 
formation on new arrivals is the immigrant visa (OF-155, 
Immigrant Visa and Alien Registration, U.S. Department 
of State) and the source of information on adjustments 
is the form granting legal permanent residence (1-181, 
Memorandum of Creation of Record of Lawful Perma- 
nent Residence, U.S. Immigration and Naturalization 
Service). After the immigrant is admitted, the immigrant 
visa and adjustment forms are forwarded to INS' Im- 
migrant Data Capture (IMDAC) facility for processing. 
The IMDAC facility generates statistical records which 
are the source of the statistics on immigrants presented 
in this report. The variables collected include port of 
admission; type (or class) of admission; countries of 
birth, last residence, and nationality; age, sex, and 
marital status; occupation; original year of entry and 
class of entry for those adjusting from temporary to per- 
manent residence; and the zip code of the immigrant's 
intended residence. 



Chart C 
Percent Age 

Age 

80 + 

75-79 

70-74 

65-69 

60-64 

55-59 

50-54 

45-49 

40-44 

35-39 

30-34 

25-29 

20-24 

15-19 

10-14 

5-9 

0-4 

10 



and Sex Distribution of U.S. Population and Immigrants Admitted in Fiscal Year 1986 



Males 




y///////////A7^^^7^^^PW/. 




^^^^^^^ 



Females 



^^^^^^^^^^^ 



ii_ °" 



Immigrants, FY 1986 
S. population 



^^m.^^M. 



w///////)^yy///y/7Z 




"m.- 



2 2 

Percent of Total 



10 



Source: U.S. population data are provisional estimates for July 1, 1986 published by the U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Population 
Reports. Series P-25, No. 1000; immigrants, Table 11. 



Limitations of Data 

The number of immigrants admitted for legal perma- 
nent residence in a year is not the same as the number 
of net migrants who enter the United States in the year. 
The reasons for the difference in counts are: 

1) Immigrant adjustments are reported in the year 
aliens adjust their status to legal permanent 
residence and not in the year they actually migrate 
to the United States. 

2) Some immigrants (such as refugees and 
asylees) may never be counted as legal perma- 
nent residents even though they reside per- 
manently in the United States (i.e., they are not 
required to adjust to permanent resident status). 

3) Information on emigration, or aliens per- 
manently departing the United States, and infor- 
mation on net illegal immigration is not available 
(see Data Gaps section). 

Most immigrants adjusting to legal permanent 
residence entered the United States on a permanent 



basis prior to their year of adjustment. The year of last 
arrival for adjustments and new arrivals appears in Table 
10. Approximately 94 percent of the aliens adjusting to 
legal permanent residence in fiscal year 1986 last 
entered the United States in calendar year 1985 or 
earlier Many of the adjustments are refugees who legal- 
ly must wait one year before applying for permanent 
resident status and, therefore, do not appear as im- 
migrants until they adjust their status. Some refugees 
may never appear as immigrants because they do not 
apply for permanent residence. 

The numbers of emigrants and net illegal migrants are 
unknown; however, some estimates have been 
developed by the U.S. Bureau of the Census to estimate 
national population totals. The Census Bureau 
estimates that total emigration (native and foreign-born) 
since 1980 has averaged 160,000 per year The 
available research indicates that the net increase in the 
illegal population has been in the 100,000 to 300,000 
range annually during the 1980s. The Census Bureau 
uses an estimate of 200,000 net growth due to illegal 
immigration in its annual population estimates. 



II. Refugees 

The Immigration and Nationality Act, as amended by 
the Refugee Act of 1980, governs the admission of 
refugees into the United States. A refugee, as defined 
by the Act, is any person who is outside his or her coun- 
try of nationality who is unable or unwilling to return to 
that country because of persecution or a well-founded 
fear of persecution. Claims of persecution may be bas- 
ed on the alien's race, religion, nationality, membership 
in a particular social group, or political opinion. Persons 
within their country of nationality may be treated as 
refugees, provided that the President has defined these 
countries as having special refugee circumstances, 
after consultation with Congress The definition of 



refugee set forth in the Refugee Act of 1980 conforms 
to that of the 1967 United Nations Protocol on Refugees. 

The authorized ceiling for refugee admissions has 
decreased each year from a high of 231,700 in fiscal 
year 1980 to 67,000 in 1986. Refugee approvals declin- 
ed 12.4 percent from 59,436 in 1985 to 52,081 in 1986. 
Following the same trend, refugee admissions into the 
United States declined from 62,477 in 1985 to 58,329 
in 1986, a decrease of 6.6 percent. These declines are 
due to decreases in the flow of refugees from Indochina 
and to the determination that there are fewer In- 
dochinese refugees remaining in refugee camps who 
are of special interest to and qualify for admission to 
the United States. 



Chart D 

Refugee and Asylee Admissions and Admissions to Lawful Permanent Resident Status: Fiscal Years 

1946-86 



Thousands 



300 



Admissions to lawful permanent resident status 
Initial admissions 



250 



200 



150 



100 



50 




1946 



1950 1955 1960 



1965 1970 



1975 



1980 



1949-53 Displaced Persons Act 

1954-57 Refugee Relief Act 

11/56-7/58 Hungarians paroled 

1959 Hungarian adjustments began 

1966-80 Refugee conditional entrants 



Major refugee programs 
1978-84 Indocfiinese Refugee 

Adjustment Act 
2/70-3/80 Refugee-Parolees admitted 
1/59-3/80 Cubans paroled 
1967 Cuban adjustments began 



1986 



3/75-3/80 Indochinese refugees paroled 

1980 Refugee-Parolee adjustments began 
4/80 Refugee Act admissions began 

1981 Refugee Act adjustments began 
4/80-10/80 Marie! boatlift 

1985-86 Mariel adjustments 



NOTE: For the period 1946-56, admissions to lawful permanent resident status and initial admissions were the same. 



A total of 99,383 refugees adjusted to lawful permanent 
resident status during 1986, an increase of 10.4 percent 
over 1985. Adjustments of 30,326 Cuban refugees were 
responsible for this increase, resulting from an adjust- 
ment program conducted in 1985-86 for Cubans who 
entered the United States in 1980 as part of the "Mariel 
boatlift". 



U.S. Refugee Policy 

Before each fiscal year, the President, in consultation 
with Congress, reviews the worldwide refugee situation, 
determining the number of refugees in need of reset- 
tlement, those who are of special humanitarian concern 
to the United States, and the authorized number of ad- 
missions for the ensuing fiscal year. The admission ceil- 
ing of 67,000 for 1986 was divided among the five 
geographic regions as follows: 

Africa 3,000 

East Asia 45,500 

Eastern Europe and U.S.S.R. 9,500 

Latin America and Caribbean 3,000 

Near East 6,000 

The authorized admission levels are the maximum 
number of refugees allowed to enter the United States 
in a fiscal year for each of the five geographic areas 
of chargeability. 

Refugees are processed and approved for admission 
to the United States by Immigration and Naturalization 
Service officers from the Service's fourteen overseas 
offices. In order to qualify for admission to the United 
States as a refugee, each applicant must meet all of 
the following criteria: be a refugee as set forth in the 
Refugee Act of 1980; be among the types of refugees 
determined to be of special humanitarian concern to 
the United States; be admissible under the Immigra- 
tion and Nationality Act; and not be firmly resettled in 
any foreign country. 

Under the Refugee Act of 1980, refugees are eligible 
to adjust to lawful permanent resident status after one 
year of residence in the United States and are exempt 
from the worldwide annual limitation of 270,000 im- 
migrants. Upon adjustment, the date of admission is 
recorded as the date of entry as a refugee, so that the 
length of time spent in refugee status is counted toward 
the residency requirement for naturalization purposes. 



Data Overview 

The United States first recognized refugees for entry 
into the country in fiscal year 1946. Since that time there 
have been many different refugee programs enacted 
on an ad hoc basis, such as the Displaced Persons Act 
and the Cuban and Indochinese Adjustment Acts. Dur- 
ing the first decade of refugee programs, virtually ail 
refugees entered the United States as immigrants. 
Since 1957, most refugees either have been paroled into 
the United States under special authority granted to the 
Attorney General by the Immigration and Nationality 
Act, or have entered in refugee status, to be adjusted 
to immigrant status at a later date. Chart D depicts in- 
itial refugee admissions and admissions to lawful per- 
manent resident status for the period 1946-86. This 
demonstrates the time lag between initial admission 
and adjustment to immigrant status. At the onset of 
parole programs there generally were no mechanisms 
for adjustment to permanent status, thus necessitating 
special legislation. 

In the 40-year history of refugee admissions, the primary 
sending areas have shifted (Chart E). Between 1946 
and 1960, 94.7 percent of the refugees granted im- 
migrant status were from Europe. Through the 1960s 
and early 1970s, North America predominated, with 51.1 
percent of the refugees for that period (primarily from 
Cuba). In the late 1970s, when Indochinese refugees 
began adjusting status, Asia became the secondary 
refugee region with 39.1 percent. Thus far through the 
1980s, Asia has been the major sending area, account- 
ing for 75.2 percent of the refugees. This trend is ex- 
pected to continue since Indochinese currently com- 
pose the largest group of refugees admitted to the 
United States. 

A comparison of initial admissions of refugees by area 
of chargeability for 1982 and 1986 reveals that, although 
the number of refugees admitted has declined, the 
geographic distribution has remained proportionately 
similar over time. The East Asian category, which covers 
Indochina, constituted the largest group with 74.8 per- 
cent of refugee admissions in 1982 and 71.4 percent 
in 1986. Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union compris- 
ed 14.4 percent of refugees in 1982 and 15.9 percent 
in 1986. Latin America and Africa, the two areas with 
the smallest number of admissions, together constituted 
4.0 percent of refugee admissions in 1982, declining to 
2.3 percent in 1986. The Near East grew from 6.8 per- 
cent of total admissions to 10.4 percent due to an in- 
crease in refugees from Iran. 



Chart E 

Refugees and Asylees Granted Lawful Permanent Resident Status by Decade and Selected 

Region of Birth: Fiscal Years 1946-86 

1946-50 1951-60 




.6% 




6.8% 



1961-70 




I I Europe 

VA Asia 

Ei±i] North America 

D Other 



1971-80 



2.7% 



1981-86 



9.3% 




.8% 




2.3% 



Source: Table 35. 

Data Collection 

The Immigration and Naturalization Service collects 
data on refugees at three points during their process- 
ing: when they apply for refugee status abroad, when 
they are admitted to the United States, and when they 



adjust to lawful permanent resident status. The INS 
overseas offices collect data on applicants for refugee 
status. Each office submits INS Form G-319, Report of 
Applicants for Refugee Status under Section 207, which 
reports refugee casework by the country to which each 
applicant is chargeable. 



Each month INS ports of entry collect data on refugees 
initially admitted to the United States. The ports sub- 
mit a report of admissions by nationality from the 
refugee's Form 1-94, Arrival/Departure Record. The 
Nonimmigrant Information System (NIIS) also collects 
data on refugee admissions on Form 1-94. This system, 
however, collects all entries of persons with refugee 
status, as they travel abroad and reenter the United 
States. 

Both the Bureau for Refugee Programs, Department of 
State, and the Office of Refugee Resettlement, Depart- 
ment of Health and Human Services, also collect data 
on refugees admitted to the United States. The Bureau 
for Refugee Programs collects data through the In- 
tergovernmental Committee for Migration, which is 
responsible for compiling the total number of refugees 
admitted to the United States. The Office of Refugee 
Resettlement, which is responsible for the disburse- 
ment of funds for refugee benefits, collects detailed data 
on the characteristics of refugees initially admitted to 
the United States. 

The Immigration and Naturalization Service collects 
data on refugees adjusting to lawful permanent resident 
status as part of its immigrant data series gathered by 
the Immigrant Data Capture System (IMDAC). The data 
collected include demographic variables as well as 
immigration-oriented variables (see Immigrants sec- 
tion). This is the only stage in the refugee process where 
the INS collects detailed information about the 
characteristics of refugees in the United States. 



I. Asylees 



The Refugee Act of 1980 regulates U.S. asylum policy 
in addition to governing refugee procedures. The Act, 
for the first time, established a statutory basis for gran- 
ting asylum in the United States consistent with the 1967 
United Nations Protocol on Refugees. The definition of 
an asylee conforms to that of a refugee. The only dif- 
ference is the location of the alien upon application; the 
asylee is in the United States or at a port of entry and 
the refugee is overseas. 

The asylum casework of the INS rose from 16,622 cases 
received in fiscal year 1985 to 18,889 cases in 1986, an 
increase of 13.6 percent. Iran, Nicaragua, and Poland 
remained the three leading nationalities for persons 
granted asylum for 1986, constituting 77.2 percent of 
the total. 



U.S. Asylum Policy 

Any alien physically present in the United States or at 
a port of entry may request asylum in the United States. 
According to the Refugee Act, current immigration 
status, whether legal or illegal, is not relevant to an in- 



dividual's asylum claim. An alien requesting asylum 
may apply in one of two ways, either with an INS district 
director, or, if apprehended, with an immigration judge 
in a deportation or exclusion hearing. 

Asylum regulations require that an INS officer interview 
each applicant and consult the Bureau of Human Rights 
and Humanitarian Affairs, Department of State, for an 
advisory opinion on every asylum case. There are no 
limits set by law as to the number of individuals who 
may be granted asylum in the United States in a fiscal 
year An alien denied asylum by the INS may renew the 
asylum request with an immigration judge during a 
deportation or exclusion hearing. 

According to immigration law, an asylee must reside in 
the United States for one year to be eligible to apply 
for adjustment to lawful permanent resident status. 
Although exempt from the worldwide annual limitation 
of 270,000 immigrants, only 5,000 asylees may adjust 
each year. One year of the asylee's residence prior to 
adjustment is counted toward the naturalization residen- 
cy requirement. 



Data Overview 

For the fiscal years prior to passage of the Refugee Act 
of 1980, the number of asylum applications received by 
the INS averaged approximately 3,600 per year Dur- 
ing the fiscal years since passage, the number received 
has averaged over 30,000 applications per year In fiscal 
year 1981, the first complete year after enactment of the 
new asylum procedures, filing of asylum applications 
reached a high of 61,568 cases. After 1981, the number 
of applications declined to a low of 16,622 in 1985, 
before increasing to 18,889 in 1986. 

For the third straight fiscal year, asylee adjustments to 
lawful permanent resident status have reached the limit 
of 5,000 cases. Iran remains the leading country of birth 
for asylee adjustments, accounting for 63.1 percent of 
the cases, which is consistent with data on asylee ap- 
provals for previous years. Since there is an expanding 
pool of approved asylees in the United States, asylee 
adjustments are expected to continue to reach the 5,000 
limit. 



Data Collection 

The data on asylum applicants reflect those cases filed 
with INS district directors as reported on INS Form 
G-23.3 Supplement A (Asylum Cases Filed with District 
Directors Pursuant to Section 208, INA). Each office 
reports asylum casework according to the nationality 
of asylum applicants. In addition to cases granted, the 
number of individuals covered by those cases is col- 
lected, since one case may cover more than one per- 
son. Data on asylum applicants have been collected by 



the INS for selected nationalities since July 1980, and 
since June 1983 for all nationalities. 

As with refugees, the Immigration and Naturalization 
Service collects data on asylees adjusting to lawful per- 
manent resident status in the Immigrant Data Capture 
System (IMDAC) (see Immigrants section). Adjustment 
to immigrant status is the only point at which detailed 
characteristics of asylees are collected. 



Limitations of Data 

Data on applicants for asylum collected by the Immigra- 
tion and Naturalization Service cover only cases filed 
with the INS. The data do not cover those cases filed 
by apprehended aliens or the cases denied by the INS 
which were renewed with immigration judges, who are 
part of the Executive Office of Immigration Review in 
the Department of Justice. However, the data collected 
by the INS at the time asylees adjust to permanent resi- 
dent status cover aliens previously granted asylum by 
both district directors and immigration judges. 



IV. Nonimmigrants 



A nonimmigrant is an alien admitted to the United 
States for a specified temporary period of time but not 
for permanent residence. The typical nonimmigrant is 
a tourist who visits for a few days to several months. 
However, there are numerous classes of nonimmigrant 
admission, ranging from students to ambassadors. A 
total of 10.5 million nonimmigrant arrivals were counted 
during fiscal year 1986. This represents an increase 
over 1985 of almost one million (8.9 percent), but is not 
the largest number of arrivals recorded; nearly 12 
million nonimmigrants were admitted in both 1981 and 
1982. 

Nonimmigrant Admission 

Nonimmigrants are defined in the Immigration and Na- 
tionality Act. Though tourists (temporary visitors for 
pleasure) are the most numerous nonimmigrant arrivals, 
a wide variety of temporary visitors to the United States 
fall within the nonimmigrant classification. Nonim- 
migrants include several types of visitors who are con- 
nected in some way with a foreign government: am- 
bassadors, ministers, diplomats, and representatives to 
international organizations. Business people coming to 
the United States to engage in commercial transactions 
(though not for employment in the United States) also 



make up a substantial portion of nonimmigrant arrivals 
each year. Though not as numerous, treaty traders and 
treaty investors also enter temporarily to conduct trade 
or invest in enterprises under the provisions of treaties 
of commerce and navigation between the United States 
and foreign states. Temporary workers are allowed 
employment in the United States to perform services 
of an exceptional nature requiring distinguished merit 
and ability (such as a renowned concert pianist) or to 
perform temporary services or labor if unemployed per- 
sons capable of performing such service or labor can- 
not be found in this country (such as an agricultural 
laborer). Foreign students also are classified as nonim- 
migrants, ranking in volume only behind visitors for 
pleasure and visitors for business. The Glossary con- 
tains a detailed definition of nonimmigrants, a listing of 
each of the nonimmigrant classes of admission, and 
a detailed definition of each class. 

For most nonimmigrant classes of admission there has 
been an "open door" policy by the U.S. government. 
There are no restrictions on the total number of admis- 
sions in any given year; indeed, tourists (the majority 
of nonimmigrants) are encouraged to visit as a boon 
to the U.S. economy. Strict rules do apply, however, 
regarding the grounds for nonimmigrant admission; 
regulations, likewise, govern such areas as length and 
extension of stay, employment in the United States, 
accompaniment by family members, travel restrictions 
within the United States, and change of admission 
status. For example, ambassadors are allowed to remain 
in the United States for the duration of their service, 
students to complete their studies, visitors for business 
for a maximum of six months (plus six-month exten- 
sions), and aliens in transit through the United States 
not more than twenty-nine days (with no extensions). 
Most nonimmigrants are not allowed gainful employ- 
ment while in the United States, though exceptions may 
be granted to students and to family members of inter- 
national representatives. On the other hand, temporary 
workers come to the United States expressly for pur- 
poses of employment. Most nonimmigrant aliens may 
bring immediate family members with them; the excep- 
tion is transit aliens other than foreign government of- 
ficials. Transit aliens and fiances(ees) coming to the 
United States to marry U.S. citizens are the only nonim- 
migrants who are prohibited from changing to another 
nonimmigrant category while in this country. 



Data Overview 

Slightly fewer than 10.5 million nonimmigrants arrived 
in the United States in fiscal year 1986 (Table 38). Of 
this total, a large majority (70 percent) entered as 
tourists, with the next highest class of admission, tem- 



porary visitors for business, accounting for only 18.5 per- 
cent. IVIore than 261,000 foreign students entered the 
United States to pursue a full course of study 
(predominantly in academic institutions) accompanied 
by 27,000 spouses and children. In addition, 130,000 
entered as exchange visitors to study, teach, or conduct 
research in the United States, bringing with them 33,000 
spouses and children. 

Nonimmigrants entering the United States in 1986 to 
represent foreign governments amounted to 168,000 
(about two percent of total entries). This figure consists 
of nearly 94,000 foreign government officials, families, 
and attendants (including ambassadors, public 
ministers, career diplomats, and consular officers), over 
59,000 foreign representatives, families, and attendants 
to international organizations, over 7,000 foreign govern- 
ment officials and families in transit through the United 
States, and almost 7,000 officials and family members 



serving the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). 

Over 40 percent of all nonimmigrants entering the 
United States in 1986 were citizens of only four coun- 
tries: Japan (16 percent), the United Kingdom (12 per- 
cent), Mexico (7 percent), and the Federal Republic of 
Germany (6 percent). Tourists far outnumbered other 
classes of entry for almost every country of citizenship 
(Chart F). More than 80 percent of Japanese nonim- 
migrants were tourists, compared to fewer than 70 per- 
cent of citizens of the United Kingdom, and only 40 per- 
cent of Chinese (Mainland China and Taiwan) (Table 
38). Just as 4 countries dominated nonimmigrant ad- 
missions to the United States in 1986, so did 4 ports 
of entry. New York (26 percent), Miami (16 percent), Los 
Angeles (11 percent), and Honolulu (10 percent) 
together accounted for more than 60 percent of all en- 
trants (Table 41). 



Chart F 

Nonimmigrants Admitted by Selected Class of Admission from Top Ten Countries of Citizenship: 

Fiscal Year 1986 



Thousands 




^ Visitors for pleasure 
I Visitors for business 
□ Other 



i 1 1 11 HT 



\ \ ^■ 






NOTE: 
Source: 



China includes Mainland China and Taiwan. 
Table 38. 



Chart G 

Nonimmigrants Admitted: Fiscal Years 1975-86 

Millions 




1975 



1976 1977 



'/ / 

1978 1981 



1982 



1983 



1984 



1985 



1986 



NOTE: Partial data available for 1979 and no data available for 1980, 
Source: Table 39. 



As noted, the 1986 total of 10.5 million nonimmigrant 
arrivals represents an increase of almost one million 
(8.9 percent) from the previous fiscal year Total admis- 
sions numbered about 6.3 million during 1975 and 
steadily increased to historical highs of about 11.8 
million in both 1981 and 1982. Total arrivals stabilized 
at about 9.5 million from 1983 to 1985 after the downturn 
in 1983 (Chart G). 

The overall volume of nonimmigrant arrivals has in- 
creased by sixty-seven percent since 1975. Table E 
shows the countries of last residence which increased 
the most during the period 1975-86. Visitors (mostly for 
pleasure) from Japan and the United Kingdom show 
by far the largest absolute increases. The Bahamas 
ranks very high, due mainly to a high volume of repeat 
visits throughout the period. Canada and Mexico do not 
appear on this list because most of the millions of 
visitors from these contiguous countries enter under ex- 
pedited procedures and do not require visas or l-94s 
when entering the United States (see Data Collection 
section). 



Admissions have shown a high degree of seasonality, 
with nonimmigrants arriving in the United States most- 
ly in the summer months (peaking in July) with a lesser 
but noticeable secondary peak in December This trend 
can be observed from 1983 through 1986 in Chart H. 



Data Collection 

The Nonimmigrant Information System (NHS) is an im- 
portant component of the Servicewide automation that 
has accelerated rapidly during the past six years. The 
system, now in its fifth year of operation, is designed 
to provide for each nonimmigrant a record of legal ad- 
mission, record the departure of each nonimmigrant, 
and to provide statistics for such variables as age, coun- 
try of citizenship, class of admission, visa-issuing post, 
port of entry, and destination in the United States. Many 
nonimmigrants enter and leave the United States more 
than once each year and the NIIS system records each 
entry separately The system is the largest in the INS 



Table E 
Nonimmigrants Admined from Top Fifteen Countries of Last Residence, Ranked by Change: 

Fiscal Years 1975-86 
(Numbers in thousands) 



Country of last residence 


1986 


1975 


Change 


Country of last residence 


1986 


1975 


Change 


1) Japan 


1,683 


792 


891 


10) Colombia 


159 


65 


94 


2) United Kingdom 


1,152 


483 


669 


11) Argentina 


181 


88 


93 


3) France 


448 


174 


274 


12) Netherlands 


168 


79 


89 


4) The Bahannas 


253 


85 


168 


13) Israel 


137 


51 


86 


5) China 


187 


20 


167 


14) Sweden 


141 


57 


84 


6) Italy 


275 


113 


162 


15) Korea 


103 


20 


83 


7) Brazil 

8) Australia 


251 
259 


99 

121 


152 
138 


Other 


4,891 


3,966 


925 


9) Switzerland 


183 


71 


112 


Total 


10,471 


6,284 


4,187 



Note: China includes Mainland China and Taiwan. 
Source: Table 37. 



Chart H 

Nonimmigrants Admitted by Selected Class and Month of Admission: Calendar Years 1983-86 



Thousands 



1,000- 
900- 
800- 
700"" 
600- 
500 
400 
300- 
200- 
100 



ft 

\ » » 

V I 



Visitors for pleasure 



V 



"■«/ 



Visitors for business 



,\ 



»_-» 



Other 




Jan. 



July 
1983 



Jan. 



July 
1984 



Jan. 



July 
1985 



Jan. 



July 
1986 



I 
Jan. 



with an active data base of over twenty million records 
and an additional "archive" of around twenty million. 

Arriving foreign students were included in the NHS 
system during its first two years of operation; however, 
arrival forms for this nonimmigrant class are now pro- 
cessed in a separate automated system, the Student/ 
School System (STSC), designed to produce detailed 
statistics on foreign-student arrivals, departures, and the 
foreign-student population in the United States. 

An understanding of the principal steps in the process 
of nonimmigrant admission to the United States is 
useful for understanding the data produced by the 
NIIS/STSC systems. First, a nonimmigrant visa is 
secured at a U.S. Consulate abroad. Prior to departing 
for the United States, nonimmigrants are screened in- 
itially by the transportation company to assure ad- 
missibility. During the trip INS Form 1-94 is distributed 
to non-U. S. citizens. At the port of entry, each arriving 
nonimmigrant presents a visa and a completed Form 
1-94 to an immigration inspector Among other actions, 
the inspector checks the form for completeness, deter- 
mines the length of admission, and stamps the class 
of admission and port of entry on the form. The arrival 
portion is torn off, retained by the inspector, and sent 
to a central data processing facility. The matching 
departure section of the form, usually stapled into the 
passport, is the nonimmigrant's proof of legal admis- 
sion to the United States. This section of Form 1-94, col- 
lected at departure, is also sent to the data processing 
facility where it is keypunched and matched to the ar- 
rival section of the form. 

The Nonimmigrant Information System also includes in- 
formation on parolees (entering for humanitarian, 
medical, or legal reasons), withdrawals, stowaways, 
deferred inspections (admitted to appear at an INS of- 
fice where formal inspection can be completed), and 
refugees. Refugees are also counted independently in 
a separate data system (see Refugee section). Data for 
these classes of admission are not shown in the nonim- 
migrant tables but are included in summary form in foot- 
notes to the appropriate tables. 

The Nonimmigrant Information System does not include 
data for permanent resident aliens returning after short 
visits abroad who are technically defined as nonim- 
migrants, or for most of the millions of citizens of 
Canada and Mexico who cross the border for brief 
periods of time. Most aliens entering the United States 
from Canada or Mexico do not require any documenta- 
tion: Canadians may travel for business or pleasure 
without travel restrictions for a period of six months 



without requiring nonimmigrant visas; Mexicans cross- 
ing the border frequently may apply for border cross- 
ing cards which can be used for admission to the United 
States for business or pleasure within twenty-five miles 
of the Southwestern border for a period not to exceed 
seventy-two hours. The procedures used to count 
border crossers and to determine the citizen/alien 
breakdown vary significantly among ports (see Entries 
section). 

Limitations of Data 

While the development of the current NIIS/STSC data 
base systems produced a marked improvement begin- 
ning in 1983 for the collection and dissemination of data 
on nonimmigrant arrivals and departures, collection and 
update procedures create inherent problems and limita- 
tions in the data. As alluded to earlier, the data systems 
record arrivals via collection of Form 1-94; thus, data 
represent each arrival event during the year rather than 
the actual number of individuals admitted. Nonim- 
migrants in several classes of admission, especially 
students and visitors for business, often execute multi- 
ple entries in any given year. 

Recording departures is a major area of concern within 
the data systems. While nearly all of the arrivals are 
recorded in the systems, the collection rate for depar- 
tures, especially at land borders, is considerably lower. 
This arises predominantly from the fact that arriving 
nonimmigrants are universally inspected by immigra- 
tion inspectors, at which time Form 1-94 is collected, 
while departure forms are less likely to be collected. At 
air terminals, through which ninety percent of visitors 
depart, the representative of the air carrier rather than 
an INS official has responsibility for the collection of the 
departure portion of the 1-94. At land borders there is 
often no arrangement for the collection of the document. 
This inconsistency in the collection process is a source 
of "system error" when arrival and departure records 
are matched, giving the false indication that many more 
visitors overstay their period of admission than actual- 
ly do. 

Finally, there are gaps in the historical nonimmigrant 
data series due to the INS' loss of arrival and depar- 
ture records for July to September 1979, all of 1980, and 
for most characteristics for 1981 and 1982. Data for 
country of last residence and class of admission are 
the only variables available for 1981 and 1982. 



V. Naturalizations 



Aliens naturalized refer to those aliens upon whom U.S. 
citizenship was conferred by a naturalization court or, 
if outside the United States, by a representative of the 
Immigration and Naturalization Service. As part of the 
naturalization process, applicants pledge an oath of 
allegiance to the United States, thereby renouncing 
allegiance to their former countries of nationality. 

The 280,623 aliens naturalized in fiscal year 1986 con- 
stitute the largest number of naturalizations since 1944, 
when 441,979 people naturalized (Chart I). The 1986 
figure represents a 14.7 percent increase over the 
244,717 naturalizations in fiscal year 1985. The number 



of naturalizations has been rising steadily since a slight 
decline during the 1978-80 period. Although the 3 
leading countries of birth remained constant for persons 
naturalizing from 1985 to 1986— Vietnam, the Philip- 
pines, and Mexico— Vietnam moved from third to first 
place, (31,158 persons naturalized) replacing the Philip- 
pines (31,075). The number of new citizens from Viet- 
nam increased by nearly 13,000 from the previous year, 
the largest increase of any country for the year 

U.S. Naturalization Policy 

In order to naturalize and become a U.S. citizen, an im- 
migrant must fulfill certain requirements set forth in the 
Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) concerning age, 
lawful admission, and residence in the United States. 



Chart I 

Persons Naturalized by Provision of Law: Fiscal Years 1908-86 



Thousands 



375 



General 
provisions 

Special provisions 
and unknown 




300 



225 



150 



1908 



1918 



1928 



1938 



1948 



1958 



1968 



1978 



1986 



Source: Tables 43 and 44. 



Chart J 

Persons Naturalized by Decade and Selected Region of Birth: Fiscal Years 1951-86 



1951-60 



2.0% 




1961-70 

2.2% 1 I 1.5% 



1971-80 

5.3% 1 , 2.3% 




I I Europe 

VA Asia 

tiiiil North America 
^ South America 
n Other 




1981-86 

6.1% 1 I 2.7% 




Source; 1986, Table 51; 1951-85, previous yearbooks. 



Additional requirements include the ability to speak, 
read, and write the English language; knowledge of the 
U.S. government and U.S. history; and having good 
character The general naturalization provisions specify 
that an alien must fulfill the following conditions: be at 
least eighteen years of age; have been lawfully admit- 
ted to the United States for permanent residence; and 
have resided in the country continuously for at least five 
years. These minimum requirements must be met for 
an alien to be considered for naturalization under the 
general provisions of immigration law. Over eighty-five 



percent of immigrants currently naturalize under the 
general provisions. The remaining immigrants who 
naturalize do so under the special provisions of the law 
(Chart I). 

The special provisions of naturalization law exempt 
aliens from one or more of the requirements of the 
general provisions. Spouses and children of U.S. 
citizens and military classes constitute the main special 
naturalization categories. The majority of people 
naturalizing as spouses of U.S. citizens may do so in 



three years rather than the prescribed five years re- 
quired under the general provisions. Children who im- 
migrate with their parents generally do not naturalize, 
but derive their U.S. citizenship through the naturaliza- 
tion of their parents. Children adopted by U.S. citizens, 
however, naturalize to become U.S. citizens. These 
children may naturalize prior to reaching age eighteen 
with no residency requirements necessary after having 
been admitted for lawful permanent residence. Aliens 
who served honorably during World War I, World War 
II, the Korean Conflict, or the Vietnam Conflict, under 
certain conditions, may naturalize without prior admis- 
sion to permanent residence. Also, they need not have 
resided in the country for a particular length of time. 
Although there are other special naturalization 
categories, those specified above currently account for 
over ninety percent of the naturalizations under special 
provisions. 

Every applicant for naturalization in the United States 
must file an application for naturalization, either Form 
N-400, Application to File Petition for Naturalization, or 
Form N-402, Application to File Petition for Naturaliza- 
tion in Behalf of Child. All aliens filing these applica- 
tions who appear to meet the naturalization re- 
quirements must be interviewed by an INS officer to 
determine their eligibility to naturalize. During the in- 
terview the officer discerns the applicant's knowledge 
and understanding of the English language as well as 
of the history and government of the United States. 
Those applicants found qualified are scheduled for a 
final hearing before a judge who performs the 
naturalization ceremony. 



Data Overview 



As the sending areas of immigrants admitted to the 
United States have shifted, so have the origins of per- 
sons naturalized. Data by region of birth indicate that 
major changes have occurred between 1951 and 1986 
(Chart J). Naturalizations for Europe, the leading region 
through 1970, declined by seventy-five percent from the 
1950s through the 1980s, while naturalizations for all 
other regions combined more than tripled during the 
same period. The Immigration and Nationality Act of 
1952 removed all racial restrictions on naturalization, 
thus allowing increases in naturalizations for regions 
other than Europe. Asia has become the leading region 
of birth representing nearly fifty percent of all naturaliza- 
tions for the 1981-86 period. The predominance of Asia 
as the region of origin for naturalizations echoes the 
increase in immigration from Asia as a result of the 1965 
Amendments to the Immigration and Nationality Act and 
the arrival of Indochinese refugees beginning in 1975. 

Since most naturalizations occur under the general pro- 
visions of naturalization law, the majority of aliens 
naturalizing must have resided in the United States for 
at least five years as lawful permanent residents. Data 
on persons naturalized by median length of residence 
indicate that the median number of years of residence 
for the total naturalized population has remained fairly 
constant over the last thirty years, at about eight years. 
Major differences, however, are evident between 
regions (Table F). 



Table F 
Median Years of Residence by Year of Naturalization 
and Region of Birth: Selected Fiscal Years 1960-86 



Region of birth 



1986 



1980 



1975 



1970 



1965 



1960 



All persons naturalized 

Europe 

Asia 

Africa 

Oceania 

North America 

South America 



9 


10 


8 


9 


7 


7 


7 


7 


6 


6 


6 


6 


7 


7 


6 


6 


6 


6 


9 


8 


7 


9 


8 


10 


13 


1 1 


9 


7 


9 


10 


9 


9 


10 


7 


7 


7 



Source: 1986, Table 51; 1960-80, previous yearbooks. 



Data by region for 1986 range from Asia and Africa with 
median lengths of residence of seven years, to North 
America at thirteen years. Historically there have been 
shifts in the median years of residence, as with Europe, 
North America, and South America. However, the data 
reveal that, in general, Asians and Africans tend to 
naturalize soon after they are eligible to do so, while 
aliens from other regions remain in the United States 
as lawful permanent residents for longer periods of time 
prior to naturalizing. 

Data on naturalizations by selected country of birth for 
the 1970-79 immigrant cohort reveal major differences 
in naturalization rates by country (Chart K). The 
naturalization rates range from Canada, with 8.9 per- 
cent of the immigrant cohort having naturalized through 
fiscal year 1986, to Vietnam with 59.1 percent naturaliz- 
ed. Of the 15 leading immigrant-sending countries for 
the 1970-79 period, Asian countries have the highest 
naturalization rates. In addition to Vietnam, China 
(Mainland and Taiwan) (57.7 percent), the Philippines 
(56.4), Korea (51 .4), and India (41 .8) are the countries 



with the highest rates of naturalization. The two coun- 
tries with the lowest rates are contiguous to the United 
States— Canada and tvlexico (9.0 percent). Other coun- 
tries within North America have higher rates of 
naturalization, such as Cuba (23.9 percent) and 
Jamaica (23.6 percent). The European naturalization 
rates range from 15.7 percent for the United Kingdom 
to 33.7 percent for Greece. The data by country are 
consistent with the data on median years of residence 
by region, which show that, as a group, Asians and 
Africans naturalize more quickly than persons from 
other regions. 



Data Collection 

Data on persons naturalized in the United States are 
collected by approximately sixty-five INS offices where 
aliens intending to naturalize may file their applications. 
The INS collects two types of data on naturaliza- 
tions: workload statistics and data on the 
characteristics of aliens who have naturalized. The 



Chart K 

Immigrants Admitted, Calendar Years 1970-79 by Selected Country of Birth 

and Naturalizations of those Immigrants: Fiscal Years 1970-86 



Percent 
Naturalized 



Mexico 

Philippines 

Cuba 

Korea 

China 

India 

Vietnam 

Dominican Rep. 

Italy 

Jamaica 

United Kingdom 

Canada 

Portugal 

Greece 

Colombia 

Thousands 



■»^^\^\<^K^\<\\\\\\^^^^^ 








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■^■ii^^^^^^^s^^\^ 




■■■■nnwsnss 








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■■■t^WNN 


Persons naturalized 




■WWWWWN 


■SSSSSSSSSSJ 




■K\\\\\\\\i 


\ . '^ 




■\\\\n\\\] 


1 

Immigrants admitted 




isWWWWN 






■n\\\\\N 


i 




^»W\\N 










KvWWN 











9.0 
56.4 
23.9 
51.4 
57.7 
41.8 
59.1 
15.9 
19.3 
23.6 
15.7 

8.9 
21.8 
33.7 
24.2 



100 



200 



300 



400 



500 



600 



NOTE: China Includes Mainland China and Taiwan. 



workload data consist of the number of naturalization 
applications received, the number of petitions filed with 
courts, as well as the number of aliens naturalized dur- 
ing a fiscal year. These data are collected by each INS 
office as part of the Service's work measurement data 
(see Entries section). 

Data on the characteristics of aliens naturalized in a 
fiscal year also are collected by INS offices where aliens 
file their naturalization applications. These detailed 
characteristics are collected either through the manual 
coding of data from the naturalization application or 
through the automated Naturalization Casework 
System (NACS), an application tracking system which 
has been implemented in several of the larger INS of- 
fices. The data collected on aliens naturalized include 
demographic variables (e.g., date and country of birth, 
sex, marital status, and occupation) as well as 
immigration-oriented variables (e.g., date of admission 
for permanent residence and section of naturalization 
law). 



A second problem exists with the data collected on 
derivative citizenship in that the data have not includ- 
ed all individuals deriving or acquiring citizenship. 
Rather, the data have covered only those persons who 
have requested and been issued certificates of citizen- 
ship, regardless of when U.S. citizenship was derived 
or acquired. A person may request a certificate at any 
time after derivation, or may never request one. The 
resulting data only relate to the administrative function 
of issuing certificates of citizenship. The naturalization 
data, therefore, are underreported because of the defi- 
ciencies of the data on derivative citizenship. The INS 
is designing a new procedure for collecting complete 
statistics on derivative citizenship to correct these prob- 
lems. The new collection system is expected to begin 
operation in October 1987. 



VI. Enforcement 



Limitations of Data 

In addition to birth in the United States, there are four 
ways of becoming a U.S. citizen: naturalization in a 
court ceremony; derivation through the naturalization 
of parents; acquisition at birth abroad to citizen parents; 
and legislation naturalizing certain groups of persons. 
Data on naturalizations collected by the INS cover 
those aliens who have naturalized in court ceremonies 
each fiscal year. Individuals who have become U.S. 
citizens through the derivation or acquisition process 
are a part of the derivative citizenship data series col- 
lected by the INS. Aliens who become U.S. citizens 
through the legislative process are not covered by data 
collected by the INS. A recent example of the legislative 
procedure occurred upon the dissolution of the Trust 
Territory of the Pacific through which the Northern 
Mariana Islands became a commonwealth of the United 
States, making its residents U.S. citizens. 

In recent years there have been problems with the com- 
pleteness of data collected on derivative citizenship. 
Those INS offices which have the NACS system, in 
some instances, have not used the system for process- 
ing derivative casework, nor have the required data 
been processed through other means. Additionally, 
coding backlogs in nonautomated offices have caus- 
ed severe deficiencies in the data on derivative citizen- 
ship collected by the INS. Therefore, since fiscal year 
1984, data on derivative citizenship have not been 
published. 



This section covers a variety of actions that the INS 
groups as enforcement: apprehensions, expulsions, 
and exclusions. Apprehensions are arrests of aliens in 
violation of the Immigration and Nationality Act. If an 
alien is to be removed from the country, that removal 
may be effected by one of several means. The best 
known is deportation; however, most aliens are actual- 
ly removed under a process called "voluntary depar- 
ture with safeguards". Under this procedure an alien 
admits to illegal status and agrees to leave the United 
States. The alien further agrees to remain in custody 
until departure, and the departure is observed by an 
officer of the INS. If the alien refuses the offer of volun- 
tary departure, or if no such offer is made, the alien is 
entitled to a hearing and is placed under "docket con- 
trol" (an INS office takes control of the processing of 
the case and a file is created on the alien). An officer 
documents the grounds for deportability and prepares 
a case that may eventually be argued before an im- 
migration judge. During this process an alien may be 
offered voluntary departure and, if accepted, the expul- 
sion is known as a "required departure under docket 
control". In some cases the offer of voluntary departure 
will not or cannot be made; those cases may result in 
deportation. Other possible outcomes include adjust- 
ment to a legal status, a stay of deportation (such as 
the stays currently given to Polish nationals and others), 
or an alien who absconds. A deported alien may not 
be admitted to the United States for a period of five 
years after deportation unless the Attorney General 



grants a waiver of the prohibition. An apprehended alien 
who accepts the offer of voluntary departure and pays 
the expense of departing can be legally admitted in the 
future without penalty. 

The Immigration and Naturalization Service has the in- 
itial responsibility for determining who may be admit- 
ted to the United States. In the past, the Statistical Year- 
book included statistics for only those aliens who had 
been denied entry after a formal exclusion hearing 
before an immigration judge. However, the overwhelm- 
ing number of aliens who fail to gain admission are 
those who withdraw their application during the inspec- 
tion process after the INS presents evidence that they 
are inadmissible to the United States. Large numbers 
of aliens withdraw during primary inspection and even 
larger numbers withdraw during secondary inspection. 



Apprehensions 

The Immigration and Naturalization Service recorded 
slightly more than 21 million apprehensions from 1951 
through 1986. Apprehensions increased dramatically 



during the 1970s, reaching a total of 8.3 million for the 
decade. Apprehensions continued to increase during 
the 1980s with fiscal year 1986 establishing an historical 
high of 1.8 million (Chart L). INS statistics on apprehen- 
sions include individuals who have been apprehend- 
ed more than once during the reporting year. 

Through fiscal year 1986, the INS data on apprehen- 
sions included very little demographic data. For exam- 
ple, only incomplete information was available about the 
age-sex distribution, occupation, or nationality of ap- 
prehended aliens. In order to improve these statistics, 
the INS began to compile statistics from Form 1-213, 
Record of Deportable Alien, which it completes for each 
apprehended alien. A pilot test in March 1986 
demonstrated that useful information could be compiled 
from a sample of these forms and the sample was 
begun on a regular basis in November 1986. 

The March 1986 sample included 56 nationalities. 
Aliens from Mexico dominated the statistics on ap- 
prehensions, accounting for 97 percent of the total. The 
largest number of apprehensions for other nationalities 
were for El Salvador, Guatemala, Colombia, Nicaragua, 
Canada, and Honduras. 



Chart L 

Aliens Apprehended: Fiscal Years 1951-86 



Thousands 




1951 1955 



1960 



1965 



1970 



1975 



1980 



1986 



Source: Table 54. 
XXXVi 



Data on age and sex are recorded on Form 1-213. Ap- 
prehended nonMexicans tended to be older than Mex- 
icans; the median ages were 24.5 and 22.5 years, 
respectively. Apprehended Mexicans are overwhelming- 
ly male (93 percent in March). NonMexicans were also 
more likely to be male, but the proportion of women was 
substantially higher. For example, 30 percent of 
Salvadorans were female as were 29 percent of Hon- 
durans, 38 percent of Nicaraguans, 24 percent of Col- 
ombians, 23 percent of Guatemalans, and 21 percent 
of Canadians. 

The work experience of apprehended aliens would be 
of interest for examining the labor market impact of il- 
legal immigration. Unfortunately, most 1-213 forms are 
not specific about the work status of apprehended 
aliens because most aliens are apprehended by the 
Border Patrol as they cross the border. These aliens 
generally claim to be seeking work and are most often 
recorded simply as "laborers". 

One problem with the current data is that it is not possi- 
ble to link apprehensions with dispositions (expulsion, 
adjustment of status, etc.). Expulsion proceedings take 
time, and final disposition of the case may occur in 
some later fiscal year An automated case tracking 
system is in the planning stage; therefore, in future 
years it might be possible to link apprehensions with 
dispositions. 



Expulsions 

In the past, the Statistical Yearbook has treated depor- 
tations and required departures separately. Since both 
are expulsions, this description will treat them together. 
The INS enumerates the third and largest category of 
expulsions, voluntary departure under safeguard, for 
workload management purposes, and little information 
is available on this group. The bulk of these removals 
are of Mexican nationals who are returned across the 
southern border soon after their apprehension. 

This Yearbool< includes two new tables (58 and 61) that 
show the calendar year of actual expulsion. Tables 
in previous yearbooks display statistics for the fiscal 
year of verification of expulsion. 

Expulsions under docket control 
(Calendar year, actual) 



1980 


58,320 


1981 


68,898 


1982 


61,879 


1983 


59,098 


1984 


54,915 


1985 


59,421 


1986 


41,072 



voluntary departures under safeguard numbered 
1,548,816. 

The distribution of docket control cases for individual 
countries has been relatively stable since 1980, with a 
few exceptions. The number of expelled Iranians drop- 
ped from 1,549 (2.7 percent of total expulsions) in 1980 
to 390 (.7 percent) in 1985. Colombians increased from 
1,740 (3.0 percent) in 1980 to 3,378 (5.7 percent) in 1985. 
The number of aliens from Mexico under docket con- 
trol has been fairly stable except for 1981 when 34,001 
were expelled— almost 6,500 more than the next highest 
year The numbers of Salvadorans under docket con- 
trol have fluctuated from a high of 6,844 in 1980 to a 
low of 4,584 in 1984 followed by an increase to 5,723 
in 1985. 

In 1985, the INS expelled aliens from 147 countries; 46 
countries had more than 100 expulsions each. Mexi- 
can nationals were by far the most numerous, account- 
ing for 41.7 percent of all expulsions under docket 
control. The top ten nationalities accounted for 78.8 per- 
cent of these expulsions. 



Country 


Number 


Percent of total 


Mexico 


24,778 


41.7 


El Salvador 


5,723 


9.6 


Colombia 


3,378 


5.7 


Guatemala 


3,212 


5.4 


Haiti 


2,768 


4.7 


Dominican Republic 


2,302 


3.9 


Honduras 


1,484 


2.5 


Jamaica 


1,469 


2.5 


United Kingdom 


857 


1.4 


Ecuador 


845 


1.4 



If all voluntary departures were included, the figures 
above would be much higher. For instance, in 1986 



The data on expulsions (under docket control) reported 
in this Yearbook and in previous editions, must be us- 
ed cautiously. One problem is the time lags in repor- 
ting expulsions. This time lag is different for deporta- 
tions and required departures. Slightly more than 90 
percent of deportations recorded in fiscal year 1986 ac- 
tually occurred in that fiscal year; 7.5 percent were in 
fiscal year 1985 and the rest occurred earlier Only 68.7 
percent of the required departures recorded in fiscal 
year 1986 actually took place in fiscal year 1986; 18.8 
percent were in fiscal year 1985, 4.8 percent in fiscal 
year 1984, and the rest were earlier. The reporting lag 
results primarily from a delay in receiving verification 
that an alien has left the country. As a result, the 
statistics may give a misleading impression about the 
numbers of aliens expelled in any given year. Therefore, 
beginning in 1986, the Yearbook will show data by 
calendar year of actual expulsion. However, such data 
will need to be continuously updated and cannot be 



considered complete tor at least four years. The fiscal 
year data are retained for comparison with previous 
yearbooks. 

Another area of caution involves the types of data on 
expulsions that the INS collects. The INS originally 
designed these data sets for administrative purposes, 
hence their analytical value is limited. The "cause" for 
expulsion (Tables 59 and 63) reflects only the final 
charge upheld against an alien. The INS pursues (or 
accepts) lesser charges when it is in the government's 
interest to do so. Most aliens are charged with illegal 
entry or violation of nonimmigrant status, but some of 
those cases initially carried more serious charges (e.g., 
criminal or narcotics charges). Finally, the destination 
and nationality of an expelled alien need not match. The 
inconsistency rate in fiscal year 1986 is 2.7 percent for 
deportations and 20.1 percent for required departures. 



Exclusions 

There are a number of opportunities for an alien to 
withdraw a request for admission to the United States 
before the formal exclusion process before an immigra- 
tion judge. In fiscal year 1986, 204,772 aliens withdrew 
during primary inspection. Another 477,487 aliens 
withdrew during secondary inspection. Only 8,170 aliens 
continued their case before an immigration judge. Of 
this latter group, 2,241 aliens were formally excluded. 

The INS has detailed data for only those aliens who are 
formally excluded. These data are limited, with only 
country of birth and cause of exclusion being of general 
interest. Four countries account for slightly more than 
half of all exclusions: Haiti (496), the Dominican 
Republic (382), Mexico (180), and Colombia (162). 



Inspections 

The inspection process involves all work performed in 
connection with the inspection of aliens and the ex- 
amination of citizens entering the United States, in- 
cluding preinspection performed by the INS outside the 
United States. An inspector is responsible for determin- 
ing the nationality of each applicant for admission and, 
if an alien, admissibility according to the requirements 
of U.S. immigration law. 

The two main functions within the inspections opera- 
tion are classified by the INS as primary and secondary 
inspections. Primary inspection is conducted to decide 
admissibility at initial contact with the applicant; the per- 
son is admitted when no further action or additional 
documentation is needed. Secondary inspection occurs 
when grounds for admissibility cannot be established 
during primary inspection. Those who do not meet re- 
quirements for admission are ultimately excluded or 
denied entry into the United States (See Enforcement 
section). 

All individuals inspected fall into one of two categories, 
alien or U.S. citizen. Within these categories, statistics 
are maintained for border crossers, crewmen, and 
documented aliens. Border crossers are generally those 
aliens or U.S. citizens who enter the United States from 
Canada or Mexico for brief periods or in a commuter 
status. Crewmen include aliens or U.S. citizens who are 
employed on a vessel or aircraft operating between U.S. 
territories and foreign countries. Documented aliens are 
individuals entering the United States, generally from 
countries other than Canada or Mexico, who arrive with 
various kinds of supporting documents, such as legal 
permanent resident documents, refugee travel 
documents, or immigrant or nonimmigrant visas. 



Vli. Entries 

The Immigration and Naturalization Service admits 
roughly 300 million persons (aliens and U.S. citizens) 
into the United States each year. Individuals who seek 
entry into the United States are inspected at ports of 
entry by immigration officers to determine admissibili- 
ty. The estimated number admitted in 1986 increased 
to 320 million, which was 4.2 percent above the level 
estimated in 1985. As in past years, admissions at Mex- 
ican border ports were nearly 60 percent of total admis- 
sions, while admissions at Canadian border ports 
stayed at about 30 percent. The remaining 10 percent 
were mainly persons arriving through interior ports of 
entry 



Data Overview 

The Immigration and Naturalization Service conducted 
an estimated 320 million primary inspections in fiscal 
year 1986. Of these, 58 percent were estimated to be 
aliens and 42 percent U.S. citizens. The estimated total 
number of aliens (187 million) was composed of 90.5 
percent border crossers, 1.7 percent crewmen, and 7.8 
percent documented aliens. Citizen admissions (133 
million) were 87.6 percent border crossers, 1.1 percent 
crewmen, and 11.3 percent entries from other than 
Canada or Mexico. 

In fiscal year 1986, two states, Texas and California, ac- 
counted for 53 percent (170 million) of total admissions. 
The largest numbers of admissions occurred in San 
Ysidro, California (34 million) and El Paso, Texas (33 
million) (see Table 68 and Chart M). 



Chart M 

Estimated Primary Inspection Admissions for Top Twenty Ports of Entry: Fiscal Year 1986 



San Ysidro, CA 
El Paso, TX 
Calexico, CA 
Detroit, Ml 
Brownsville, TX 
Hidalgo, TX 
Laredo, TX 
Nogales, AZ 
Blaine, WA 
Juarez Lincoln Br., 
Peace Bridge, NY 
Niagara Falls, NY 
New York, NY 
Otay Mesa, CA 
San Luis, AZ 
Calais, ME 
Eagle Pass, TX 
Douglas, AZ 
Miami, FL 
Port Huron, Ml 



TX 






7ZZZ 



xzzzi 



XZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZA 



V///////////////A 
tZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZA 
r ' ■• — ^ 
^zzzzzzzzzzzzz^ 

\///////////A 

V/////////\ 

YZZZZZZZA- 
V/////A 



V//////X 



Millions 



10 



15 



20 



25 



30 



35 



Source: Table 68. 



Data Collection 

Data on inspections are compiled from the G-23 Report 
of Field Operations, a management report showing 
workload and resource summaries for most INS cen- 
tral office and field activities. The report is currently 
created using manual input procedures. The process 
begins when employees fill in daily workload forms. 
Consolidated office-level forms are mailed from 170 in- 
spection ports of entry to the INS central office in 
Washington, D.C. for processing on a monthly basis. 
The reporting cycle takes about six weeks from the time 
data are collected in the field to the time reports are 
produced and distributed. Data from Form G-23 are 
also used to construct Yearbook tables on deportable 
aliens located (see Enforcement section). 



are believed to be accurate enough to estimate INS 
workload and resource requirements, caution must be 
used in the interpretation of these data. The admission 
figures for aliens and citizens should, at best, be con- 
sidered estimates that contain unspecified measure- 
ment error 

The figures for border crossers reported in 1986 are not 
comparable with statistics for previous years due to a 
definitional change. As a result, the table showing ad- 
missions by state and port for 1986 includes total 
estimated primary inspections instead of just "border 
crossers" as in the 1985 Yearbook. A table for border 
crossers, generally consistent with previous years (but 
not included in this report), has been compiled for 1986 
for use as a reference table. 



Limitations of Data 

With the current level of editing, the estimated error for 
reported counts of aliens and citizens is less than five 
percent. However, the error for alien and citizen counts 
at the point of collection has not been estimated, part- 
ly due to the variation in estimation methodologies ap- 
plied at each port of entry. Although inspections data 



VIII. Public Use Tapes 

Information on aliens granted immigrant status may be 
purchased on magnetic tapes or diskettes from the Na- 
tional Technical Information Service (NTIS). These 
tapes contain information on immigrants admitted from 
fiscal years 1972-86. The data files come on five tapes, 



each covering a three-year span. The variables included 
on the tape for fiscal years 1984-86 are: 



• Port of entry 

■ Month of admission 

■ Year of admission 

■ Class of admission 

• Age 

Country of birth 
Marital status 
Sex 

Nationality 
Occupation 
Type of case 
Country of 
chargeability 



— Labor certification 

— Country of last 

permanent residence 

— Nonimmigrant class 

of entry 

— Nonimmigrant year 

of entry 

— INS district of 

intended residence 

— Zip code of intended 

residence 



The source tape is formatted in EBCDIC character set 
and is available in 9 track 1600 bpi or 6250 bpi. 
Documentation is also included with the tape by year 
For information on how to order the tapes or diskettes, 
please call the Computer Products Office of the NTIS 
at (703) 487-4763. 

The Statistical Yearbook may also be purchased from 
the NTIS in paper copy or microfiche form beginning 
with fiscal year 1965. Prior to 1978, INS statistical data 
were included In the Annual Report of the Immigration 
and Naturalization Service. Those reports contain 
descriptions of INS' activities and accomplishments in 
addition to the statistical tables. To order, call the NTIS 
at (703) 487-4650. 



IX. Data Gaps 



In recent years INS' capability for processing and 
distributing information about immigrants, temporary 
visitors, and other categories of international migrants 
has increased substantially as automation has pro- 
ceeded throughout the Service. Despite these gains, 
however, gaps remain in our knowledge about the flow 
of immigration to and from the United States. In some 
areas these deficiencies persist because of the inherent 
difficulty in estimating the numbers, as is the case for 
emigration and illegal immigration. Although some pro- 
gress has been made in recent years in estimating the 
level of emigration and illegal immigration, no informa- 
tion about either of these two categories is included in 
the Statistical Yearbook tables. 

Emigration 

The collection of statistics on emigration from the United 
States was discontinued in 1957; no direct measure of 
emigration has been available since then. Estimates 
compiled recently in this country and statistics collected 
by other countries demonstrate that emigration from the 



United States has continued, and probably increased 
considerably, since the 1950S.2 

The estimates indicate that the average flow of alien 
emigration has exceeded 100,000 per year since 1970. 
These figures are consistent with U.S. historical ex- 
perience; between 1900 and 1980, approximately 30 
million immigrants were admitted, and an estimated 10 
million foreign-born persons emigrated. The U.S. 
Bureau of the Census currently uses an annual emigra- 
tion figure of 160,000, which includes both citizens and 
aliens, for computing national population estimates. 

Information about emigration of the native-born popula- 
tion is limited, but estimates can be derived from cen- 
sus data and other information collected in various 
countries of the world. According to the 1977 U.N. 
Demographic Yearbook , average annual emigration of 
U.S. citizens from the United States to selected coun- 
tries during the 1970-74 period was as follows: Australia, 
13,000; Canada, 25,000; Germany, 28,000; Japan, 
23,000; and the United Kingdom, 21,000. No informa- 
tion is available on how many of these persons later 
returned to the United States. 



Illegal Immigration 

The annual INS Statistical Yearbook does not include 
statistics on the number of illegal aliens entering or 
residing in the United States. The term "illegal alien" 
could be broadly defined as any foreign-born person 
present in the United States who is in a deportable 
status, including, for example, a tourist who departed 
a day or two late. The term could be more narrowly 
defined to include only those who have established 
residence and intend to remain here permanently. Ob- 
viously, the size of this population would vary con- 
siderably depending on the definition used. The 
estimates described briefly in this section correspond 
generally to the second, more restrictive, definition of 
the illegal population. 

During the 1980s, empirically-based estimates of the 
number of illegal residents gradually replaced the more 
speculative figures that were reported in the 1970s. The 
most reliable data available indicate that the resident 
illegal population was in the range of about 2 to 4 million 
in 1980. The Census Bureau's Current Population 
Survey (CPS) has been used to monitor changes in the 
foreign-born population since 1980. Based primarily on 
data from the census and the CPS, the Census Bureau 
currently includes a net addition of 200,000 illegal im- 
migrants per year in estimating the national population. 



^Warren, Robert and Ellen Percy Kraly. 1985. The Elusive Ex- 
odus: Emigration torn the United States. Population Trends and Public 
Policy Occasional Paper No. 8, March. Population Reference Bureau: 
Washington. DC. 




0) 














n 






o 








(0 


m 










Q.-a 


^ 


<D 


<n 








S 










(O 


<D 


CM 


JJ 


o 


3 


^ 



Immigrants Admitted by Major Type of Admission: Fiscal Years 1982 and 1986 

I — I Exempt from world- i — i Subject to world- 

•^ wide limitation ' — ' wide limitation 



1982 



Other, exempt 




Occupational 
preferences 



Other, subject 



1986 



Other, exempt 




Occupational 
preferences 



Other, subject 



Source: Table 4 

xlii 



TABLES 1-19 



IMMIGRANTS 





TABLE 1. IMMIGRATION TO THE UNITED STATES: FISCAL YEARS 182C 


- 1986 




Year 


Number 


Year 


Number 


Year 


Number 


Year 


Number 


1820 - 1986 


53,122,066 

8,385 

143,439 

9.127 
6.911 
6.354 
7.912 
10,199 
10.837 
18.875 
27.382 
22,520 
23,322 

599,125 

22,633 
60,482 
58,640 
65,365 
45,374 
76,242 
79,340 
38,914 
68,069 
84,066 

1,713,251 

80,289 
104,565 
52,496 
78,615 
114,371 
154,416 
234,968 
226,527 
297,024 
369,980 

2,598,214 

379,466 
371,603 
368,645 
427,833 
200,877 
200,436 
251,306 
123,126 
121,282 
153,640 

2,314,824 

91,918 
91,985 
176,282 
193,418 
248,120 
318,568 
315,722 
138,840 
352,768 
387,203 


1871 - 80 


2,812,191 

321,350 
404,806 
459,803 
313.339 
227.498 
169.986 
141.857 
138.469 
177.826 
457,257 

5,246,613 

669.431 
788.992 
603.322 
518.592 
395.346 
334.203 
490.109 
546.889 
444.427 
455.302 

3,687,564 

560.319 
579.663 
439.730 
285,631 
258,536 
343,267 
230,832 
229,299 
311,715 
448,572 

8,795,386 

487,918 

648,743 

857,046 

812,870 

1,026,499 

1,100,735 

1,285,349 

782,870 

751,786 

1,041,570 

5,735,81 1 

878,587 
838,172 
1,197,892 
1,218,480 
326,700 
298.826 
295,403 
110,618 
141,132 
430,001 


1921 - 30 


4,107,209 

805,228 
309,556 
522,919 
706,896 
294,314 
304,488 
335,175 
307,255 
279,678 
241,700 

528,431 

97,139 
35,576 
23,068 
29,470 
34,956 
36,329 
50,244 
67,895 
82,998 
70,756 

1,035,039 

51,776 
28,781 
23,725 
28,551 
38,119 
108,721 
147,292 
170,570 
188.317 
249,187 

2,515,479 

205,717 
265,520 
170,434 
208,177 
237,790 
321,625 
326,867 
253,265 
260,686 
265,398 

3,321,677 

271,344 
283,763 
306,260 
292,248 
296,697 
323,040 
361,972 
454,448 
358,579 
373,326 


1971 - 80 






4,493,314 




1871 


1921 


1971 


370.478 




1872 
1873 
1874 
1875 
1876 
1877 
1878 
1879 
1880 


1922 
1923 
1924 
1925 
1926 
1927 
1928 
1929 
1930 


1972 


384,685 




1973 


400,063 




1974 


394,861 




1975 


386,194 




1976 


398,613 




1976, TO 


103,676 




1977 


462,315 




1978 


601,442 




1979 


460,348 




1881 - 90 


1931 - 40 


1980 


530,639 




1981 - 86 

1981 






1881 


1931 


3,466,1 14 




1882 


1932 


596,600 




1883 


1933 


1982 


594,131 


1831 


1884 


1934 


1983 


559,763 




1885 


1935 


1984 


543,903 


1833 


1886 


1936 


1985 


570,009 




1887 


1937 


1986 


601,708 


1835 


1888 


1938 








1889 


1939 






1890 


1940 






1891 - 1900 


1941-50 










1891 


1941 






1892 


1942 






1893 


1943 




1841 


1894 


1944 






1895 


1945 




1843 


1896 


1946 






1897 


1947 






1898 


1948 






1899 


1949 




1847 


1900 


1950 




1848 


1901 - 10 


1951 - 60 




1849 






1901 


1951 






1902 


1952 






1903 


1953 




1851 . .. . 


1904 


1954 




1852 


1905 


1955 




1853 


1906 


1956 




1854 


1907 


1957 




1855 


1908 


1958 




1856 


1909 


1959 




1857 


1910 


1960 




1858 


1911 - 20 


1961 - 70 




1859 




1860 


1911 


1961 






1912 .. .. 


1962 




1861 - 70 


1913 


1963 




1861 


1914 


1964 




1862 


1915 


1965 




1863 


1916 


1966 




1864 


1917 


1967 




1865 


1918 


1968 




1866 


1919 


1969 




1867 


1920 


1970 




1868 
1869 
1870 













NOTE; The numbers shown are as follows: from 1820-67, figures represent alien passengers arrived at seaports; from 1868-91 
aliens arrived; from 1892-94 and 1898-1986, immigrant aliens admitted for permanent residence. From 1892-1903, aliens entering 
counted as immigrants. Land arrivals were not completely enumerated until 1908. See Glossary for fiscal year definitions. 



and 1895-97, immigrant 
by cabin class were not 



TABLE 2. IMMIGRATION BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF LAST RESIDENCE 
FISCAL YEARS 1820 - 1986 



Region and country of last 
residence' 


1820 


1821 - 30 


1831 ■ 40 


1841 - 50 


1851 ■ 60 


1861 - 70 


1871 • 80 


1881 - 90 


All countries 


8,385 


143,439 


599,125 


1,713,251 


2,598,214 


2,314,824 


2,812,191 


5,246.613 
4,735,484 


Europe 


7,690 


98,797 


495,681 


1,597,442 


2,452,577 


2,065,141 


2,271,925 


Austria-Hungary 


(') 


{') 


('') 


C) 


(-') 


7.800 


72,969 


353,719 


Austria 


[') 





(=) 


{') 


f) 


(')' 


(')' 


{')' 


Hungary 


{') 


(') 


(') 


(1 


(') 





(') 


C) 


Belgium 


1 


27 


22 


5,074 


4,738 


6,734 


7,221 


20,177 


Czechoslovakia 


(') 


(') 


C) 


(') 


(') 


(') 


(') 





Denmaik 


20 


169 


1,063 


539 


3,749 


17,094 


31,771 


88,132 


France 


371 


8,497 


45,575 


77,262 


76,358 


35,986 


72,206 


50,464 


Germany 


968 


6,761 


152.454 


434,626 


951,667 


787,468 


718,182 


1,452,970 


Greece 


- 


20 


49 


16 


31 


72 


210 


2,308 


Ireland' 


3,614 


50,724 


207,381 


780,719 


914,119 


435,778 


436,871 


655.482 


Italy 


30 


409 


2,253 


1.870 


9.231 


11,725 


55,759 


307.309 


Netherlands 


49 


1,078 


1,412 


8,251 


10,789 


9,102 


16,541 


53.701 


Norway Sweden 


3 


91 


1,201 


13,903 


20,931 


109,298 


211,245 


568.362 


Norway 


C) 


{") 


C) 


C) 


(') 


(') 


95,323 


391.776 


Sweden 


{') 


C) 


C) 


(') 


(') 


(') 


115,922 


176,586 


Poland 


5 


16 


369 


105 


1,164 


2,027 


12,970 


51,806 


Portugal 


35 


145 


829 


550 


1,055 


2,658 


14,082 


16,978 


Romania 


(') 


(') 


(') 


(') 


(') 


(') 


' 11 


6.348 


Spain .. 


139 


2,477 


2,125 


2,209 


9,298 


6,697 


5,266 


4,419 


Switzerland 


31 


3,226 


4,821 


4,644 


25,011 


23,286 


28,293 


81,988 


USSR 


14 


75 


277 


551 


457 


2.512 


39,284 


213,282 


United Kingdom' 


2,410 


25,079 


75,810 


267,044 


423,974 


606,896 


548,043 


807,357 


Yugoslavia 


(') 





(') 


(") 


C) 


(') 


(") 


(•) 


Other Europe 


_ 


3 


40 


79 


5 


8 


1,001 


682 


Asia 


6 


30 


55 


141 


41,538 


64,759 


124,160 


69,942 

61,711 


China' 


1 


2 


8 


35 


41,397 


64,301 


123,201 


Hong Kong 


('") 


('") 


('") 


("■) 


('") 


('") 


('") 


n' 


India ... 


1 


8 


39 


36 


43 


69 


163 


269 


Iran 


('") 


('") 


('") 


('") 


('") 


('") 


("') 


('") 


Israel .. 


('") 


('") 


('") 


('") 


('") 


('") 


('") 


. ('") 


Japan . 


(") 


(") 


(") 


{") 


(") 


186 


149 


2,270 


Korea . 


('") 


('") 


('") 


('") 


('") 


('") 


('") 


('") 


Philippines 


n 


n 


n 


n 


(") 


n 


('■') 


n 


Turkey 


1 


20 


7 


59 


83 


131 


404 


3,782 


Vietnam 


n 


('") 


n 


('") 


('") 


('") 


('") 


n 


Other Asia 


3 




1 


11 


15 


72 


243 


1,910 


America 


387 


11,564 


33,424 

13,624 


62,469 

41,723 


74,720 

59,309 


166,607 


404,044 


426,967 

393,304 


Canada & Newfoundland" " .... 


209 


2,277 


153,878 


383,640 


Mexico" 


1 


4,817 


6.599 


3,271 


3,078 


2,191 


5,162 


'^ 1,913 


Caribbean 


164 


3,834 


12^301 

('") 


13^528 

('") 


10i660 

('") 


9^046 

('") 


13^957 

('") 


29,042 

('") 


Cuba 


n 
n 
n 

164 


('") 


Dominican Republic 


('") 


('") 


('") 


('") 


('") 


('") 


('") 


Haiti 


('") 
(") 
3,834 


(") 
12,301 


13,528 


(") 
10,660 


(") 
9.046 


('") 
(") 
13,957 


('") 


Jamaica 


(") 


Other Caribbean 


29,042 


Central America 


2 


105 


44 


368 


449 


95 


157 


404 


South America 


11 


531 


856 


3,579 

('") 


1,224 


1,397 


1,128 


2,304 


Argentina 


('") 


('") 


('") 


('") 


('") 


('") 


n 


Colombia 


n 
n 
11 


('") 


('") 


n 
n 

3,579 


('") 


('") 


('") 


Ecuador 


531 


('") 
856 


('") 
1,224 


1,397 


1,128 


('") 


Other South America 


2.304 


Other America 


1 


('■') 

16 


('■) 

54 


(")' 

55 


210 


(") 
312 


(")' 
358 


(") 


Africa 


857 


Australia & New Zealand 












36 


9.886 


7,017 


Pacific Islands (U.S. adm.) 














1,028 


5,557 


Not specified'' 


301 


33,032 


69.911 


53,144 


29,169 


17,969 


790 


789 







See footnotes at end of table. 



IMMIGRATION BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF LAST RESIDENCE 
FISCAL YEARS 1820 - 1986— Continued 



Region and country of last 
residence' 



All countries 

Europe 

Austria-Hungary 

Austria 

Hungary 

Belgium 

Czechoslovakia 

Denmark 

France 

Germany 

Greece 

Ireland* 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Norway-Sweden 

Norway 

Sweden 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Spain 

Switzerland 

USSR 

United Kingdom^ 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

China' 

Hong Kong 

India 

Iran 

Israel 

Japan 

Korea 

Philippines 

Turkey 

Vietnam 

Other Asia 

America 

Canada & Newfoundland" " 

Mexico" 

Caribbean 

Cuba 

Dominican Republic 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

Other Canbbean 

Central America 

South America 

Argentina 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Other South America 

Other Amenca 

Africa 

Australia & New Zealand 

Pacific Islands (U.S. adm.) 

Not specified" 

See footnotes at end of table. 



3,687,564 

3,555,352 

'■ 592,707 

C) 

18,167 
(') 

50,231 

30,770 

'"505,152 

15,979 

388,416 

651,893 

26,758 

321,281 

226,266 

95,015 

" 96,720 

27,508 

12.750 

8,731 

31,179 

" 505,290 

271,538 



282 

74,862 

14,799 
('") 

68 

('") 
25,942 

n 

30,425 
('") 
3,628 

38,972 

3,311 
"971 
33,066 

('") 

C) 

33,066 

549 

1,075 

('") 

1,075 
(") 

350 

2,740 

1,225 

14,063 



8,795,386 

8,056,040 

" 2,145,266 

{') 



41,635 

(') 

65,285 

73,379 

"341,498 

167,519 

339,065 

2,045,877 

48,262 
440,039 
249,534 
190,505 
(") 

69,149 

53.008 

27,935 

34,922 

" 1,597,306 

525.950 

(') 

39,945 

323,543 

20,605 
('") 

4,713 
('") 
('") 

129,797 
('") 
{") 

157,369 
('") 

11.059 

361,888 

179,226 
49,642 
107,548 

n 
n 
n 
n 

107,548 
8,192 
17,280 

('") 
('") 
('") 

17,280 
(") 

7,368 

11,975 

1,049 

" 33,523 



5,735,811 

4,321,887 

" 896,342 

453,649 

442.693 

33,746 

' 3,426 

41,983 

61.897 

" 143.945 

184,201 

146,181 

1,109,524 

43,718 

161,469 

95,074 

66,395 

" 4,813 

89,732 

13,311 

68,611 

23,091 

" 921,201 

341,408 

' 1 ,888 

31,400 

247,236 

21,278 
('") 

2,082 
('") 
('") 

83,837 
('") 
(") 

134.066 
('") 
5,973 

1,143,671 

742.185 

219.004 

123,424 

('") 

('") 

('") 

(") 

123,424 
17,159 
41,899 

('") 

('") 

('") 
41,899 

(") 

8,443 
12,348 
1,079 
1,147 



4,107,209 

2,463,194 

63,548 
32,868 
30,680 
15.846 

102.194 
32.430 
49,610 

412,202 
51,084 

210,024 

455,315 
26,948 

165.780 
97.249 
68.531 

227,734 
29,994 
67,646 
28,958 
29,676 
61.742 
" 340.780 
49,064 
42,619 



12,059 

29,907 

,0) 

1,886 
'") 
'") 

33,462 
'") 
") 

33,824 
('") 
12,980 



1,516,716 

924.515 

459,287 

74,899 

('") 

('") 

("■) 

(") 

74.899 
15,769 
42,215 

('") 

{'") 

('") 

42.215 
" 31 

6,286 

8.299 

427 

228 



528,431 

347,552 

1 1 .424 

" 3.563 

7,861 

4,817 

14.393 
2,559 

12,623 

114,058 

9,119 

10,973 

68,028 
7,150 
8.700 
3.960 
4,740 

17,026 
3,329 
3,871 
3,258 
5,512 
" 1,356 
" 31.572 
5,835 

11,949 

16,081 

4,928 

496 

('") 

1,948 
('") 
(") 

1,065 
('") 

7.644 

160,037 

108.527 
22.319 
15,502 

('") 

n 
n 
n 

15.502 
5,861 
7,803 

('") 
('") 
7.803 
25 

1.750 
2.231 
" 780 



1,035,039 

621,124 

28.329 

"' 24,860 

3,469 

12,189 

8,347 

5,393 

38.809 

" 226.578 

8,973 

19,789 

57.661 

14.860 

20,765 

10,665 

10,100 

7,571 

7,423 

1,076 

2,898 

10,547 

'° 548 

" 139,306 

1,576 

8,486 

32,360 

16.709 
('") 

1.761 
('") 
('") 

1,555 
('") 

n 

798 
('") 
11,537 

354,804 

171,718 
60,589 
49,725 

('") 
('") 
('") 

C) 

49,725 
21,665 
21,831 

('") 

('") 

('") 

21.831 
29.276 

7.367 

13.805 

" 5.437 

142 



2,515,479 

1,325,727 

103,743 

67,106 

36,637 

18,575 

918 

10.984 

51,121 

477,765 

47,608 

48,362 

185.491 

52.277 

44,632 

22,935 

21,697 

9.985 

19.588 

1,039 

7.894 

17.675 

671 

^' 204.468 

8.225 

14,706 

153,249 

9,657 
15,544 

1,973 

3.388 
25.476 
46.250 

6.231 
19,307 

3,519 

335 

21,569 

996,944 

377,952 

299,811 

123,091 

78.948 

9.897 

4.442 

" 8,869 

"■ 20,935 

44,751 

91,628 

19,486 

18,048 

9,841 

44,253 

59,711 

14,092 

1 1 ,506 

1,470 

12,491 



3,321,677 

1,123,492 

26,022 

20,621 

5,401 

9,192 

3,273 

9,201 

45,237 

190,796 

85,969 

32,966 

214,111 

30,606 

32,600 

15,484 

17,116 

53,539 

76,065 

2.531 

44,659 

18,453 

2,465 

" 214,518 

20,381 

10,908 

427,642 

34,764 
75,007 
27.189 
10.339 
29.602 
39,988 
34,526 
98,376 
10,142 
4,340 
63,369 

1,716,374 

413,310 

453,937 

470,213 

208,536 

93,292 

34,499 

74,906 

58,980 

101,330 

257,954 

49.721 

72.028 

36.780 

99.425 

19.630 

28,954 

19,562 

1,769 

3,884 



TABLE 2. IMMIGRATION BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF LAST RESIDENCE 
FISCAL YEARS 1820 - 1986— Continued 



Region and country of last 
residence' 



All countries . 



Europe 

Austria-Hungary . 

Austria 

Hungary 

Belgium , 

Czechoslovakia ... 

Denmark 

France 

Germany 

Greece 

Ireland^ 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Norway-Sweden .. 

Nonway 

Sweden 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Spain 

Switzerland 

U.S.S.R 

United Kingdom* . 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 



Asia 

China' 

Hong Kong 

India 

lian 

Israel 

Japan 

Korea 

Philippines 

^ urkey 

Vietnam 

Other Asia 

America 

Canada & Newfoundland 

Mexico' 

Caribbean 

Cuba 

Dominican Republic 

Haiti :. 

Jamaica 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

South America 

Argentina 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Other South America ... 
Other America 

Africa 

Australia & New Zealand .. 
Pacific Islands (U.S. adm.) 
Not specified' 



4,493,314 

800,368 

16,028 

9,478 

6,550 

5,329 

6,023 

4,439 

25,069 

74,414 

92.369 

1 1 ,490 

129,368 

10,492 

10,472 

3,941 

6.531 

37.234 

101.710 

12.393 

39,141 

8,235 

38,961 

137.374 

30,540 

9,287 

1,588,178 

124.326 
113.467 
164.134 
45,136 
37,713 
49.775 
267.638 
354,987 
13,399 
172.820 
244.783 

1,982,529 

169.939 
640.294 
741,126 
264.863 
148.135 
56,335 
137.577 
134,216 
134,640 
295,741 
29.897 
77.348 
50.078 
138.418 
789 

80,779 

23,788 

1,806 

15.866 



596,600 

66,695 

948 

367 

581 

467 

793 

506 

1.745 

6.552 

4.361 

902 

4,662 

999 

1.163 

331 

832 

5,014 

7.049 

1.974 

1.711 

601 

9,223 

14,997 

2.048 

980 

264,343 

25,803 
4.055 
21.522 
11.105 
3.542 
3,896 
32,663 
43.772 
2,766 
55,631 
59.588 

246,340 

11.191 
101.268 
73,301 
10.858 
18.220 

6.683 
23.569 
13,971 
24,509 
35,913 

2,236 
10,335 

5.129 

18.213 

158 

15.029 

1.947 

108 

2,138 



594,131 

69,174 

981 

339 

642 

559 

960 

463 

1,994 

6.726 

3.472 

949 

3,644 

1,053 

1,216 

342 

874 

5,874 

3,510 

3.124 

1.586 

626 

15.462 

14,539 

1,418 

1,018 

313,291 

36,984 
4.971 
21.738 
10.314 
3.356 
3.903 
31.724 
45.102 
2.864 
72.553 
79,782 

193,505 

10.786 
56.106 
67,379 
8,209 
17.451 
8.779 
18.711 
14.229 
23,626 
35,448 
2,065 
8,608 
4,127 
20.648 
160 

14.314 

2.009 

138 

1.700 



559,763 

58,867 

1,065 

433 

632 

538 

946 

513 

2,061 

7.185 

2.997 

1,101 

3.225 

1.152 

1.279 

409 

870 

6.427 

3.231 

2.543 

1.507 

680 

5.214 

14.830 

1.382 

991 

277,701 

42.475 

5.948 

25,451 

11,163 

3.239 

4.092 

33.339 

41.546 

2.263 

37.560 

70,625 

204,574 

11.390 

59.079 

73,306 

8.978 

22.058 

8.424 

19.535 

14.311 

24,601 

36,087 

2.029 

9.658 

4.243 

20.157 

111 

15.084 

1.879 

105 

1.553 



543,903 

69,879 

2.846 

2.351 

495 

787 

693 

512 

3,335 

9,375 

3.311 

1,096 

6.328 

1.313 

1.455 

403 

1.052 

7,229 

3.800 

2.956 

2.168 

795 

3.349 

16.516 

1.404 

611 

247,775 

29.109 

12.290 

23,617 

11.131 

4.136 

4.517 

32.537 

46.985 

1.652 

25,803 

55.998 

208,111 

15,659 
57.820 
68,368 

5.699 
23.207 

9.554 
18.997 
10,911 
27,626 
38,636 

2.287 
10.897 

4,244 
21.208 



13.594 

2,328 

163 

2.053 



570,009 

69,526 

2.521 

1,930 

591 

775 

684 

465 

3.530 

10.028 

3,487 

1.288 

6.351 

1.235 

1.557 

386 

1.171 

7.409 

3.811 

3.764 

2.278 

980 

1.532 

15.591 

1.521 

719 

255,164 

33,095 
10,795 
24,536 
12.327 
4.279 
4.552 
34.791 
53.137 
1.690 
20.367 
55.595 

225,519 

16.354 
61.290 
79,374 
17.115 
23,861 

9.872 
18,277 
10.249 
28,447 
40,052 

1.925 
11.802 

4.601 
21.724 



15.236 

2.501 

142 

1.921 



601,708 

69,224 

2,604 

2.039 

565 

843 

588 

544 

3.876 

9.853 

3.497 

1,757 

5,711 

1,263 

1.564 

367 

1,197 

6.540 

3.804 

3.809 

2,232 

923 

1,001 

16,129 

1.915 

771 

258,546 

32.389 

9.930 

24.808 

12,031 

5,124 

4.444 

35.164 

61.492 

1,975 

15.010 

56.179 

254,078 

16.060 
66,753 
98,527 
30.787 
26.216 
12.356 
18,916 
10,252 
30,086 
42,650 

2.318 
11.213 

4.518 
24,601 



15.500 

2.423 

178 

1.759 



Data for years prior to 1906 relate to country whence alien came; data from 1906-79 and 1984-86 are for country of last permanent residence; 
and data lor 1980-83 refer to country of birth. Because of changes in boundaries, changes in lists of countries, and lack of data for specified 



countries for various periods, data for certain countries, especially for the total penod 1820-1986, are not comparable ttiroughout. Data for specified 
countries are included with countries to which they belonged prior to World War I. 

' Data for Austria-Hungary not reported until 1861, 

' Data for Austha and Hungary not reported separately until 1906. 

' No data available for Czechoslovakia until 1920. 

' Pnor to 1925, data for Northern Ireland included in Ireland. 

' Data for Norway and Sweden not reported separately until 1870. 

" No data available for Romania until 1880. 

" In 1920, a separate enumeration was made for the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes. Since 1922, the Serb, Croat, and Slovene Kingdom 
recorded as Yugoslavia. 

' Beginning in 1957, China includes Taiwan. 

'° Data not reported separately until 1951. 

" No data available for Japan until 1861. 

" From 1934-50, Philippines included in the Pacific Islands. Prior to 1934, Philippines recorded in separate tables as insular travel. 

" Pnor to 1920, Canada and Newfoundland recorded as British North America. From 1820-98, figures include all British North America 
possessions. 

" Land arrivals not completely enumerated until 1908. 

'^ No data available for Mexico from 1886-93. 

" Data for Jamaica not collected until 1953. In pnor years, consolidated under Bntish West Indies, which is Included in "Other Canbbean." 

" Included in countnes "Not specified" until 1925. 

" From 1899-1919, data for Poland included In Austria-Hungary, Germany, and U.S.S.R. 

" From 1938-45, data for Austria Included in Germany. 

^° From 1931-50, U.S.S.R reported as European USSR, and Asian U.S.S.R. For other penods shown, total USSR, reported In Europe. 

" Since 1925, data for United Kingdom refer to England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland. 

" Includes 32,897 persons returning in 1906 to their homes in the United States. 
Represents zero. 

NOTE: From 1820-67, figures represent alien passengers arrived at seaports; from 1868-91 and 1895-97, immigrant aliens arrived; from 1892-94 
and 1898 to the present time, immigrant aliens admitted for permanent residence. From 1892-1903, aliens entenng by cabin class were not counted 
as immigrants. Land arrivals were not completely enumerated until 1908. 

See Glossary for fiscal year definitions. For this table, fiscal year 1843 covers 9 months ending Septmber 1843; fiscal years 1832 and 1850 cover 15 
months ending December 31 of the respective years; and fiscal year 1868 covers 6 months ending June 30, 1868. 



TABLE 3. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 
FISCAL YEARS 1976-86 



Region and country of birth 


1976 and 
TO 


1977 


1978 


1979 


1980 


1981 


1982 


1983 


1984 


1985 


1986 


All countries 


502,289 


462,315 


601,442 


460,348 


530,639 


596,600 


594,131 

69,174 

339 


559,763 

58,867 

433 


543,903 

64,076 

442 


570,009 

63,043 

419 


601,708 

62,512 

463 


Europe 


90,577 


70,010 


73,198 


60,845 


72,121 


66,695 

367 


Austria 


452 


400 


467 


369 


401 


Belgium 


487 


377 


439 


395 


426 


467 


559 


538 


537 


538 


620 


Czechoslovakia 


679 


575 


744 


763 


1,051 


793 


960 


946 


1,218 


1,222 
478 


1,1 18 


Denmark 


528 


433 


409 


414 


504 


506 


463 


513 


512 


554 


Finland 


356 


277 


358 


327 


356 


317 


346 


311 


264 


290 


322 


France 


1,875 


1,618 


1,844 


1,705 


1,905 


1,745 


1.994 


2,061 


2,135 

(') 

6,747 


2,187 
(') 

7,109 
2,579 
1,009 
1,397 
3,214 


2,518 
(') 

6,991 
2,512 
1,006 
1,839 
3,089 
1,261 
354 


Germany 


7,531 


6,372 


6.739 


6,314 


6,595 


6,552 


(') 
6,467 


(') 
6,725 


Germany. Fed. Rep 


(') 


(') 


(') 


(') 


(') 


(') 


Greece 


10,561 


7,838 


7,035 


5,090 


4,699 


4,361 


3,472 


2,997 


2!865 


Hungary 


1,066 


853 


941 


861 


819 


581 


642 


632 


825 


Ireland 


1.473 


1,238 


1.180 


982 


1,006 


902 


949 


1,101 


1,223 


Italy 


10,415 


7,510 


7,415 


6,174 


5,467 


4,662 


3,644 


3,225 


3.130 


Netherlands 


1.229 


1,014 


1,153 


1,145 


1,169 


999 


1,053 


1,152 


1.242 


1,217 


Norway 


365 


334 


423 


431 


403 


331 


342 


409 


375 


361 


Poland 


' 4,769 


'4,010 


' 5,050 


' 4,418 


4,725 


5,014 


5,874 


6,427 


9,466 


9,464 


8,481 


Portugal 


12,966 


9,657 


10,445 


7,085 


8,408 


7,049 


3,510 


3,231 


3,779 


3,781 


3,766 


Romania 


2,653 


2,015 


2.037 


1,554 


1,913 


1,974 


3,124 


2,543 


4,004 


5,188 


5,198 
1,591 


Spain 


2,786 


2,487 


2,297 


1,933 


1,879 


1,711 


1,586 


1,507 


1,393 


1,413 


Sweden 


710 


571 


638 


750 


768 


832 


874 


870 


974 


1,076 


1,098 


Switzerland 


741 


610 


706 


665 


713 


601 


626 


680 


620 


729 


677 


U.S.S.R 


10,076 


5,742 


5,161 


2,543 


10,543 


9,223 


15,462 


5,214 


6,088 


3,521 


2.588 


United Kingdom 


14,412 


12,477 


14,245 


13,907 


15,485 


14,997 


14.539 


14,830 


13,949 


13,408 


13.657 


Yugoslavia 


3,524 


2,791 


2,621 


2,171 


2,099 


2,048 


1,418 


l!382 


1,569 


l!662 
781 


2,011 
798 


Other Europe 


923 


811 


851 


849 


787 


663 


931 


1,140 


719 


Asia 


189,065 


157,759 


249,776 


189,293 


236,097 


264,343 


313,291 


277,701 

2,566 


256,273 

3,222 


264,691 

2,794 


268,248 

2,831 


Afghanistan 


142 


138 


180 


353 


722 


1,881 


1,569 


Pa"giades*' 


762 


590 


716 


549 


532 


756 


639 


787 


823 


1,146 


1,634 


Burma 


1,001 


1,101 


1,188 


1,534 


1,211 


1,083 


820 


723 


719 


990 


863 


Cambnriia 


126 


126 


3,677 


1,432 


2,801 


12,749 


13,438 


18,120 


1 1 ,856 


13,563 


13.501 


China 


23,858 


19,765 


21,331 


24,272 


27,651 


25,803 


(') 


(') 


(') 





rt 


China Mainland 


(') 


D 


(') 


{') 


(') 


(') 


27,100 


25,777 


23,363 


24,787 


25,106 


Cyprus 


971 


478 


408 


323 


279 


326 


276 


265 


291 


294 


307 


Hong Kong 


7,259 


5.632 


5,158 


4,119 


3,860 


4,055 


4,971 


5,948 


5,465 


5.171 


5,021 


India 


22,072 


18,636 


20,772 


19,717 


22,607 


21,522 


21,738 


25,451 


24,964 


26.026 


26,227 


Indonesia 


676 


778 


694 


820 


977 


1,006 


1,194 


952 


1,113 


1.269 


1,183 


Iran 


3,731 


4.261 


5,861 


8,476 


10,410 


11,105 


10,314 


11,163 


13,807 


16,071 


16,505 


Iraq 


4,038 


2.811 


2,188 


2,871 


2,658 


2,535 


3,105 


2,343 


2,930 


1,951 


1,323 


Israel 


3,827 


3.008 


3,276 


3,093 


3,517 


3,542 


3,356 


3,239 


3,066 


3,113 


3,790 


Japan 


5,417 


4.192 


4,028 


4,063 


4,225 


3,896 


3,903 


4,092 


4,043 


4,086 


3,959 


Jordan 


3,328 


2.875 


3,483 


3,360 


3,322 


3,825 


2,923 


2,718 


2,438 


2,998 


3,081 


Korea 


37.690 


30.917 


29,288 


29,248 


32,320 


32,663 


31,724 


33,339 


33,042 


35,253 


35,776 


Kuwait 


133 


160 


168 


303 


257 


317 


286 


344 


437 


503 


496 


Laos 


163 


237 


4,369 


3,565 


13,970 


15,805 


36,528 


23,662 


12,279 


9,133 


7,842 


Lebanon 


4,532 


5,685 


4,556 


4,634 


4,136 


3,955 


3,529 


2.941 


3,203 


3,385 


3,994 


Malaysia 


484 


455 


577 


623 


795 


1,033 


1,046 


852 


879 


939 


886 


Pakistan 


3,636 


3,183 


3,876 


3,967 


4,265 


5,288 


4,536 


4,807 


5,509 


5,744 


5,994 


Philippines 


47,019 


39,111 


37,216 


41,300 


42,316 


43,772 


45,102 


41,546 


42,768 


47,978 


52,558 


Singapore 


307 


308 


320 


321 


322 


408 


390 


362 


377 


460 


480 


Sn Lanka 


510 


376 


375 


397 


397 


448 


505 


472 


554 


553 


596 


Syna 


1,666 


1,676 


1,416 


1,528 


1,658 


2,127 


2,354 


1,683 


1,724 


1,581 


1,604 


1 aiwan 


(') 





f) 


(') 


(') 


(•) 


9,884 


16,698 


12,478 


14,895 


13,424 


1 hailand 


8,096 


3,945 


3,574 


3,194 


4,115 


4,799 


5,568 


5,875 


4,885 


5,239 


6,204 


lurkey 


2,155 


1,758 


1,578 


1,764 


2,233 


2,766 


2,864 


2,263 


1,793 


1,691 


1,753 


Vietnam 


4,230 


4,629 


88,543 


22,546 


43,483 


55,631 


72,553 


37,560 


37,236 


31,895 


29,993 


Yemen (Sanaa) 


682 


376 


258 


203 


160 


230 


305 


268 


324 


432 


420 


Other Asia 


554 


552 


702 


718 


898 


1,017 


771 


885 


685 


751 


897 


Africa 


10,045 


10,155 


11,524 


12,838 


13,981 


15,029 


14,314 


15,084 


15,540 


17,117 


17,463 


C ape Verde 


1,110 


964 


941 


765 


788 


849 


852 


594 


591 


627 


760 


Egypt 


2,290 


2,328 


2,836 


3,241 


2,833 


3,366 


2,800 


2,600 


2,642 


2,802 


2,989 


E thiopia 


332 . 


354 


539 


726 


977 


1.749 


1,810 


2,643 


2,461 


3,362 


2,737 


Ghana 


404 


454 


711 


828 


1,159 


951 


824 


976 


1,050 


1,041 


1,164 


Kenya 


528 


493 


516 


618 


592 


657 


601 


710 


753 


735 


719 


I ibena 


300 


215 


333 


327 


426 


556 


593 


518 


585 


618 


618 


Morocco 


516 


401 


461 


486 


465 


512 


445 


479 


506 


570 


646 



See footnotes at end of table. 



TABLE 3. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 
FISCAL YEARS 1976-86— Continued 



Region and country of birth 


1976 and 
TO 


1977 


1978 


1979 


1980 


1981 


1982 


1983 


1984 


1985 


1986 




907 
137 

1,098 
381 
425 

1,617 

4,579 

1,760 
831 

'553 
647 
788 

179,114 

10,096 

73,864 

82,367 

646 

406 

2,210 

35,996 

377 

15,088 

787 

6,691 

11,100 

'904 

379 

456 

6,040 

1,287 

12,710 

661 

1,452 

3,022 

2,555 

1,598 

1,260 

' 2,162 

28,908 

2,789 

652 

1,303 

1,681 

7,212 

5,632 

4,497 

3,356 

831 

721 

234 

1 


653 

157 

1.988 

302 

241 

1,605 

4,091 

1,389 
854 

'597 
489 
762 

187,346 

12,688 

44.079 

114,011 

835 

400 

2,763 

69,708 

572 

11,655 

1,240 

5,441 

11,501 

896 

545 

585 

6,106 

1,764 

16,485 

930 

1,664 

4,426 

3,599 

1,626 

1,850 

' 2,390 

82 

32,954 

2,787 

699 

1,513 

2,596 

8,272 

5,302 

5,718 

3,903 

1,156 

736 

272 


1,007 
212 

1,689 
301 
303 

1,675 

4,396 

1,565 
809 

'619 
706 
697 

220,784 

16.863 

92,367 

91,361 

908 

585 

2,969 

29.754 

595 

19.458 

1.206 

6.470 

19.265 

1.014 

572 

679 

5.973 

1,913 

20,153 

1,033 

1,575 

5,826 

3,996 

2,727 

1,888 

'3.108 

34 

41,764 

3.732 

1.030 

1.923 

3.122 

11,032 

5,732 

7.614 

5.243 

1,052 

990 

294 


1,054 
217 

2,214 
401 
284 

1,677 

4,449 

1,400 

1,000 

'599 

809 

641 

157,579 

13,772 

52,096 

74,074 

770 

651 

2,461 

15,585 

1,009 

17,519 

946 

6,433 

19,714 

786 

953 

639 

5,225 

1,383 

17,547 

1,063 

1.467 

4,479 

2,583 

2.545 

1.938 

' 3.472 

90 

35,344 

2.856 

751 

1.450 

2,289 

10,637 

4,383 

7,001 

4,135 

754 

841 

247 


1,896 
267 

1,960 
339 
343 

1,936 

3,951 

1,480 
724 

'729 
453 
565 

164,772 

13,609 

56,680 

73,296 

972 

547 

2,667 

15,054 

846 

17,245 

1,198 

6,540 

18,970 

874 

1,193 

763 

5,154 

1,273 

20,968 

1,120 

1,535 

6,101 

3,751 

2,552 

2,337 

3,572 

219 

39,717 

2,815 

730 

1,570 

2,569 

11,289 

6,133 

8.381 

4.021 

887 

1.010 

312 


1,918 
277 

1,559 
423 
410 

1,802 

4,187 

1,281 

1,060 

'666 

588 

592 

210,427 

11,191 

101,268 

73,301 

929 

546 

2,394 

10,858 

721 

18.220 

1.120 

6.683 

23.569 

867 

733 

799 

4,599 

1,263 

24,509 

1,289 

1,359 

8,210 

3,928 

2,358 

2,752 

4,613 

158 

35,913 

2,236 

820 

1,616 

2,048 

10,335 

5,129 

6,743 

4,664 

972 

1,104 

246 

6 


2,257 
283 

1,434 
304 
304 

1,807 

3,833 

1,367 
659 
642 
561 
604 

158,057 

10,786 

56.106 

67,379 

3,234 

577 

1,961 

8,209 

569 

17,451 

1,066 

8,779 

18.711 

1.039 

586 

719 

3,532 

946 

23,626 

2,031 

1,272 

7,107 

3,633 

3,186 

3,077 

3,320 

160 

35,448 

2,065 

750 

1,475 

1,911 

8,608 

4.127 

10.059 

4.151 

707 

1.336 

259 

4 

10 


2,354 
319 

1,261 
364 
332 

1,934 

3,511 

1,273 
712 
606 
481 
439 

168,487 

11.390 

59.079 

73,306 

2.008 

505 

1,849 

8,978 

546 

22,058 

1,154 

8,424 

19,535 

2,773 

662 

767 

3.156 

891 

24,601 

1.585 

1.182 

8.596 

4.090 

3.619 

2.983 

2,546 

111 

36,087 

2,029 

823 

1,503 

1,970 

9,658 

4,243 

8,980 

4,384 

681 

1,508 

308 

26 


2,337 
368 

1,246 
418 

369 
2,214 

3,817 

1,308 
901 
595 
555 
458 

166,706 

10,791 

57.557 

74,265 

953 

499 

1,577 

10,599 

442 

23,147 

980 

9,839 

19,822 

1,648 

484 

695 

2,900 

680 

24,088 

1.492 

1.473 

8.787 

3.937 

3,405 

2.718 

2,276 

5 

37,460 

2,141 

918 

1,847 

1.912 

1 1 .020 

4,164 

8,412 

4,368 

712 

1,721 

245 

31 


2.846 
371 

1,210 
395 
301 

2,239 

4,054 

1,362 
980 
679 
669 
364 

182,045 

11,385 

61,077 

83,281 

957 

533 

1,625 

20,334 

540 

23,787 

934 

10.165 

18.923 

769 

499 

693 

2.831 

691 

26,302 

1,353 

1,281 

10,156 

4,389 

3,726 

2,786 

2,611 

39,058 

1,844 
1,006 
2,272 
1,992 
11,982 
4,482 
8,531 
4,181 

790 
1,714 

264 

1 


2,976 




323 




1,566 




370 




401 




2,194 




3,894 




1,354 


Fiji 


972 




610 




510 




448 




207.714 




11.039 




66.533 




101,632 




812 




570 




1.595 


Cuba 


33.114 




564 




26,175 




1,045 


Haiti 


12,666 




19,595 


St Kitts-Nevis 


573 




502 


St. Vincent & Grenadines ... 


635 
2.891 




895 




28,380 




1.385 




1.356 




10.929 




5,158 




4,532 




2,826 




2,194 




130 




41,874 




2,187 




1.079 


Brazil 


2.332 


Chile 


2,243 




1 1 ,408 




4,516 




10,367 




4,895 




699 




1.854 




294 








3 







' Prior to fiscal year 1982. data for Federal Republic of Germany and German Democratic Republic are consolidated 
under Germany. 
' Excludes Danzig. 

' Pnor to fiscal year 1982, data for Mainland China and Taiwan are consolidated under China. 
' Includes Niue. 
' Includes Anguilla, 
' Excludes Canal Zone 
- Represents zero 
NOTE: See Glossary for fiscal year definitions. 



TABLE 4. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY TYPE AND CLASS OF ADMISSION 
FISCAL YEARS 1980-86 



Class of admission 



Total, all immigrants . 



Total, numerically limited . 

New arrivals 

Adjustments 



Total, exempt from numerical limitations 

New arrivals 

Adjustments , 



Total, numerically limited . 



Total 1st preference 

1 St preference, unmarried son/daughter of U.S. citizen . 

New arrivals (P11. A11) 

Adjustments (P16. A16) 

1st preference, children of P11, P16, All, A16 

New arrivals (P12. A12) 

Adjustments (PI 7. A17) 



Total 2nd preference 

2nd preference, spouses of alien residents 

New arrivals (P21) 

Adjustments (P26) 

2nd preference, unmarried son/daughter of alien resident . 

New arrivals (P22) 

Adjustments (P27) 

2nd preference, children of P22 and P27 

New arrivals (P23) 

Adjustments (P28) 



Total 3rd preference 

3rd preference, professional or highly skilled immigrant 

New arrivals (P31) 

Adjustments (P36) 

3rd preference, spouses of P31 and P36 

New arrivals {P32) 

Adjustments (P37) 

3rd preference, children of P31 and P36 

New arrivals (P33) 

Adjustments (P38) 



Total 4th preference 

4th preference, married son/daughter of U.S. citizen . 

New arnvals (P41, A41) 

Adjustments (P46. A46) 

4th preference, spouses of P41, P46, A41, A46 

New arrivals (P42, A42) 

Adjustments (P47. A47) 

4th preference, children of P41, P46, A41, A46 

New arnvals (P43, A43) 

Adjustments (P48. A48) 



Total 5th preference 

5th preference, brothers or sisters of U.S. citizens . 

New arrivals (P51) 

Adjustments, (P56) 

5th preference, spouses of P51 and P56 

New arrivals (P52) 

Adjustments. (P57) 

5th preference, children of P51 and P56 

New arrivals {P53) 

Adjustments (P58) 



Total 6th preference 

6th preference, needed skilled or unskilled workers . 

New arrivals (P61) 

Adjustments (P66) 

6th preference, spouses of P61 and P66 



530,639 

289,479 

239,590 
49,889 

241,160 

99.765 
141,395 



5,668 

4,976 

4,219 

757 

692 

624 



110,269 

35,121 

28,919 

6,202 

68,003 

63,765 

4,238 

7,145 

6,444 

701 

18,583 

8,238 
2,009 
6,229 
4,885 
1,471 
3,414 
5,460 
1,933 
3,527 

10,752 

3,374 
2,655 

719 
2,473 
2,147 

326 
4.905 
4.257 

648 

90,167 

39,039 
34,883 

4,156 
17,053 
15,955 

1,098 
34,075 
32,242 

1,833 

25,786 

12,599 
7,026 
5,573 
5,372 



330,409 

278,461 
51.948 

266,191 

100,524 
165,667 



5,721 

4,964 
4,184 
780 
757 
620 
137 

112,664 

41,814 
32,431 

9,383 
60,063 
53,182 

6,881 
10,787 

9,767 

1,020 

18,872 

8,103 
2,266 
5,837 
4,879 
1,632 
3,247 
5,890 
2,562 
3,328 

15,979 

4,649 
3,884 

765 
3,601 
3,203 

398 
7,729 
7,012 

717 

92,212 

38,076 
35,096 

2,980 
17,463 
16,402 

1,061 
36,673 
34,856 

1,817 

25,439 

11,873 
7,197 
4,676 
5,312 



259,749 

206,312 
53,437 

334,382 

108,364 
226,018 



259,749 

6,604 

5,539 

4.670 

869 

1,065 

923 

142 

113,070 

39,567 

29,711 

9,856 

64,843 

57,549 

7.294 

8,660 

7,795 

865 

26,001 

11,981 
3,052 
8,929 
6,794 
1,953 
4,841 
7,226 
2,631 
4,595 

19,465 

5,511 
4,557 

954 
4,284 
3,842 

442 
9,670 
8,865 

805 

66,926 

25,802 

23,181 
2,621 
13,124 
12,161 
963 
28,000 
26,505 
1,495 

25,181 

12,041 
7,884 
4,157 
5,049 



269,213 

221,587 
47,626 

290,550 

115,212 
175,338 



6,892 

5,753 

4,980 

773 

1,139 

998 

141 

116,623 

39,731 

33,797 

5,934 

67,539 

62,441 

5,098 

9,353 

8,845 

508 

27,250 

12,338 
3,147 
9,191 
7,141 
2,048 
5,093 
7,771 
2,847 
4,924 

20,948 

5,933 
5,100 

833 
4,666 
4,261 

405 
10,349 
9,650 

699 

69,025 

26,573 
24,762 

1,811 
13,998 
13,245 
753 
28,454 
27,269 

1,185 

28,218 

12,708 
8,148 
4,560 
5,980 



262,016 

224,750 
37,266 

281,887 

119,879 
162,008 



7,569 

6,242 
5,417 

825 
1,327 
1,170 

157 

112,309 

37,643 

33,948 

3,695 

64,711 

61,313 

3,398 

9,955 

9,508 

447 

24,852 

10,691 
3,094 
7,597 
6,637 
2,079 
4,558 
7,524 
2,925 
4,599 

14,681 

4,258 
3,531 

727 
3,282 
2,933 

349 
7,141 
6,506 

635 

77,765 

29,287 
27.737 

1.550 
15.951 
15.266 
685 
32.527 
31,435 

1,092 

24,669 

1 1 ,393 
8,395 
2,998 
5,219 



264,208 

226,505 
37,703 

305,801 

129,860 
175,941 



9,319 

7,661 
6,656 
1,005 
1,658 
1,452 
206 

114,997 

40,549 
35,788 

4,761 
61,263 
57,558 

3,705 

13,185 

12,769 

416 

24,905 

10.947 
2,981 
7,966 
6,602 
2,158 
4.444 
7.356 
2,973 
4.383 

18,460 

5,376 
4,520 

856 
4,216 
3,806 

410 
8,868 
8,121 

747 

70,481 

25,536 
24,407 
1,129 
14,861 
14,391 

470 
30,084 
29,247 

837 

25,990 

11,425 
8,603 
2,822 
5,674 



See footnotes at end of table. 



IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY TYPE AND CLASS OF ADMISSION 
FISCAL YEARS 1980-86— Continued 



Class of admission 



1980 



1981 



1982 



1983 



1984 



1985 



1986 



New arrivals (P62) 

Adiustments (P67) 

6th preference, cfiildren of P61 and P66 . 

New arrivals (P63) 

Adjustments (P68) 



Total 7tti preference, conditional entries by refugees 

New arrivals (P71) 

Adjustments {P76) 



Total nonpreference ' 

Nonpreference, NP1 and NP6 . 
Adjustments (NP6) 



Total, suspension of deportation, Section 244 

Adjustments other than crewmen (Z11) ' 

Adjustments, crewmen (Z57) 



Total, private law. adjustments (Z41) 

Total, foreign gov't officials. Act of 9/11/57 Sect. 13 (Z91) .. 

Total, recaptured Cuban numbers 
Western Hemisphere aliens . 

New arrivals {SA1) 

Adjustments (SA6) 

Nonwestern Hemisphere aliens, spouses of SA1 and SA6 

New arrivals (SA2) 

Adjustments (SA7) 

Nonwestern Hemisphere aliens, children of SA1 and SA6 .. 

New arrivals (SAS) 

Adjustments (SA8) 



Total, exempt from numerical limitations . 



Total, immediate relatives of U.S. citizens 

Total, spouses of U.S. citizens 

New arrivals (IR1) 

Adjustments (IR6) 

Adjustments, entered as a fiance(e) (IF1) 

Total, children of U.S. citizens 

New arrivals (IR2, AR1) 

Adjustments (IR7. AR6) 

Adjustments, entered as child of a fiance(e) (IF2) 

Total, orphans 

Total, orphans adopted abroad 

New arrivals (IR3) 

Adjustments (IR8) 

Total, orphans to be adopted 

New arrivals (IR4) 

Adjustments (IR9) 

Total, parents of adult U.S. citizens 

New arrivals (IRS) 

Adjustments (IRO) 



Total, special immigrants 

Total, persons who lost citizenship 

Total, lost citizenship by marriage 

New arrivals (SC1) 

Adjustments (SC6) 

Total, lost citizenship by service in armed forces . 

New arrivals (SC2) 

Adjustments (SC7) 

Total, ministers, spouses and children 

Total ministers 

New arrivals (SD1) 

Adjustments (SD6) 

Total, spouses of ministers 

New arrivals (SD2) 



2,794 
2,578 
7,815 
4,422 
3,393 

12,222 

11,237 
985 



112 

109 



241,160 

157,743 
96,854 

46,498 

44,389 

5,967 

27,207 

16,878 

4,545 

645 

5,139 

997 

913 

84 

4.142 

4,122 

20 

33,682 

24,593 

9,089 

3,142 
50 



13 

1 

12 

1,529 

706 
391 
315 
282 
219 



3,273 
2,039 
8,254 
5,737 
2,517 

329 

154 
175 



266,191 

152,359 
91,961 

46,802 

40,419 

4,740 

26,178 

17,164 

3,675 

471 

4,868 

939 

900 

39 

3,929 

3,920 

9 

34,220 

25,964 

8,256 

3,255 



6 

2 

4 

1,692 

762 
390 
372 
310 
221 



3.146 
1,903 
8,091 
5,690 
2,401 



15,913 


58,382 


2,300 


15,667 


57,967 


2,262 


12,457 


54,910 


2,168 


3,210 


3,057 


94 


150 


184 


16 


60 


49 


12 


90 


135 


4 


96 


231 


22 



334,382 

168,398 
104,218 

52,314 

46,954 

4,950 

28,735 

18,451 

4,055 

480 

5,749 

829 

781 

48 

4,920 

4,912 

8 

35,445 

26,321 

9.124 



3 

3 

1 

2 

2,059 

895 

396 

499 

378 

251 



3,722 
2,258 
9,530 
6,279 
3,251 



176 

176 



290,550 

177,792 
112,666 

58,307 

49,042 

5,317 

30,429 

18,875 

3,958 

469 

7,127 

813 

781 

32 

6,314 

6,306 

8 

34,697 

25,664 

9,033 



1 
1,734 

773 
364 
409 
324 
215 



3,635 
1,584 
8,057 
5,858 
2.199 



281,887 

183,247 
116,596 

61,394 

50,259 

4,943 

32,080 

19,135 

4,097 

521 

8,327 

1,097 

1,047 

50 

7,230 

7,226 

4 

34,571 

25,609 

8,962 



1 
1,540 
663 
334 
329 
315 
214 



4,291 
1,383 
8.891 
6,784 
2,107 



305,801 

204,368 
129,790 

66,215 

57,878 

5,697 

35,592 

21,298 

4,480 

528 

9,286 

1,166 

1,092 

74 

8,120 

8.114 

6 

38,986 

27,657 

11,329 

2,551 



1,853 

777 
443 
334 
383 
267 



4,562 
1,426 
9,415 
7,113 
2,302 



391 

389 
2 



334,740 

223,468 
137,597 

74,662 

56,883 

6,052 

40,639 

25,332 

4,767 

595 

9,945 

1,264 

1,190 

74 

8,681 

8,676 

5 

45,232 

31,699 

13,533 

2,992 



1 

1 

2,060 

822 
480 
342 
428 
312 



See footnotes at end of table. 



TABLE 4. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY TYPE AND CLASS OF ADMISSION 
FISCAL YEARS 1960-86— Continued 



Class of admission 



Adjustments (SD7) 

Total, children of ministers 

New arrivals (S03) 

Adjustments (SD8) 

Total, employees of U.S. gov't abroad, spouses & children 

Total, employees of U.S. government abroad 

New arrivals (SE1) 

Acjustments (SE6) 

Total, spouses of employees of U.S. gov't abroad 

New arrivals (SE2) 

Adjustments (SE7) 

Total, children of employees of U.S. gov't abroad 

New arrivals (SE3) 

Adjustments (SE8) 

Total. Panama Canal Act of 9/29/79 

Total, certain former emp. of the PC Co. and CZ gov't 

New arnvals (SF1) 

Adjustments (SF6) 

Total, accompanying spouse or child of SF1 and SF6 

New arrivals (SF2) 

Adjustments (SF7) 

Total, certain former emp. of U.S. gov't in Panama CZ 

New arnvals (SGI) 

Adjustments (SG6) 

Total, accompanying spouse or child of SGI and SG6 

New arrivals (SG2) 

Adjustments (SG7) 

Total, certain emp. of PC Co. or CZ gov't on 4/1/79 

Adjustments (SH6) 

Total foreign medical graduates, Act of 12/29/81 

Total, foreign med school grads , adjustments (SJ6) 

Total, accompanying spouse or child of SJ6 

New arrivals (SJ2) 

Adjustments (SJ7) 

Total, special K classes 

Total, Act of 10/24/62 (P.L. 87-555) 

Total, beneficiary of 4th preference petition 

New arrivals (K25) 

Total, spouse/child of bene, of 4th pref. petition 

New arrivals {K26) , 

Total, refugee and asylee adjustments , 

Refugee Relief Act of 1953, Act of 8/7/53 (Y64) , 

Hungarian parolees. Act of 7/25/58 (M93) , 

Refugee escapees. Act of 7/14/60 (1^83) , 

Total, Cuban refugees. Act of 11/2/66 

Cuban refugee (CU6) , 

Non-Cuban spouse or child of Cuban refugee (CU7) 

Total, Indochinese refugees. Act of 10/28/77 

Indochinese refugee (IC6) 

Spouse or child of Indochinese refugee (IC7) 

Refugee parolees. Act of 10/5/78 (R86) 

Total, refugees. Act of 3/17/80 

Refugee (RE6) 

Spouse of refugee (RE7) 

Child of refugee (RE8) 

Total, asylees. Act of 3/17/80 

Asylee (ASS) 

Spouse of asylee (AS7) 

Child of asylee (AS8) 

Total, other adjustments 

Presumed admitted for lawful permanent residence (XB3) 

Suspension of deportation ■ other than crewman Sect 244 (Z13) 
Suspension of deportation - crewman Sect 244 (Z56) 
Section 249 entered before 7/1/24 (Z33) 
Section 249 entered 7/1/24-6/28/40 (Z03) 
Section 249 entered 6/29/40-6/30/48 (Z66) 
Private bill (Z43) 

See footnotes at end of table. 



63 
541 
441 
100 
1,354 
476 
457 

19 
274 
271 
3 
604 
594 

10 
209 

50 

50 



75,835 



6,021 

5,928 



22,497 

22,328 



46,058 
X 



1,250 

976 
103 



89 
620 
474 
146 
720 
240 
234 

6 
160 
159 

1 
320 
318 

2 
826 
116 



284 
281 



207 
196 



219 
218 



3,961 

3,894 

67 

19,589 

19,492 

97 

15,756 

66,439 

46,323 

5,314 

14,802 

1,498 

1,064 

177 

257 

166 



127 
786 
566 
220 
554 
181 
175 

6 
120 
116 

4 
253 
250 

3 
455 
42 



906 
960 



1 

2 

1,965 

1,910 

55 

13,666 

13,620 

46 

48,826 

90,282 

68,984 

5,627 

15,671 

1,859 

1,407 

190 

262 

1,060 

2 



109 
637 
443 
194 
529 
180 
177 
3 
107 
107 

242 

241 



790 

360 
430 



3,274 

3,092 

182 

3,122 

3,012 

110 

13,409 

79,965 

54,303 

6,920 

18,742 

2,914 

1,797 

444 

673 

3,286 



562 
411 
151 
535 
189 
186 
3 
115 
115 

231 
230 



3,460 

3,192 

268 

875 

845 

30 

7,657 

74,528 

46,765 

7,894 

19,869 

5,607 

3,735 

782 

1,090 

281 



116 
693 
522 
171 
479 
156 
152 



222 

219 

3 

130 



14,288 

14,057 

231 

166 

142 

24 

3,766 

71,820 

43,51 1 

7,797 

20.512 

5,000 

3,333 

702 

965 

185 

22 



10 



TABLE 4. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY TYPE AND CLASS OF ADMISSION 
FISCAL YEARS 1980-86— Continued 



Class of admission 



Section 13, Act of 9/11/57 (Z83) 

Total, Investors, Act of 12/29/81 

Investors (NP8) 

Accompanying spouse or child of NP8 (NP9) 

Individuals born under diplomatic status in U.S. (DS1) 
Total, Virgin Islands nonimmigrant. Act of 9/30/82 .... 

H-2 nonimmigrant (VI6) 

Spouse or child of VI6 (VI7) 

Total, other classes 

Child born abroad to alien resident (NA3) 

American Indian born in Canada (SI 3) 

Child born subsequent to issuance of visa (XA3) 



4,177 

3,428 
118 
631 



3,167 

2,856 
146 
165 



881 

477 

404 

5 



1 

3,383 

3,157 
121 
105 



616 

319 

297 

6 

2,517 

1,325 

1,192 

3,610 

3,356 
109 
145 



128 

62 



8 

3,894 

3,639 
135 
120 



3,657 

3,429 
149 
79 



3,729 

3,450 
175 
104 



' Although nonpreference visas have been unavailable since 1978, there were 7 nonpreference immigrants admitted in fiscal year 1985. These cases 
were filed prior to 1978, were denied by INS, but were appealed through the judicial system. 
' The 389 suspension of deportation (Z11) immigrants reported in fiscal year 1986 include 192 immigrants who actually immigrated in fiscal year 1985. 
- Represents zero. X Not applicable. 



11 



TABLE 5. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY CLASS OF ADMISSION AND REGION AND SELECTED FOREIGN STATE 

OF CHARGEABILITY UNDER THE WORLDWIDE NUMERICAL LIMITATION 

FISCAL YEAR 1986 





Total 


Relative preferences 


Occupational preferences 




Region and foreign state of 
chargeabllity 


Total 


Istpref. 


2nd 
pref. 


4th pref. 


5th pref. 


Total 


3rd pref. 
princi- 
pals 


3rd pref. 
benefi- 
ciaries 


6th pref. 
princi- 
pals 


6th pref. 
benefi- 
ciaries 


Other 




266,968 

24,253 

329 

186 

1,129 

1,251 

937 

170 

715 

1,367 

609 

2,791 

3,023 

2,719 

304 

458 

591 

445 

259 

452 

7.865 

6,888 

659 

318 

959 

717 

118,501 

171 
1,098 

741 
20,016 
18,474 

699 
5,662 

573 
1,842 
1,990 
1,453 
19.285 

226 

158 
1.951 

467 
4,156 
19,566 

277 

381 

840 
10.952 
1,659 

833 
4,308 

723 

6,686 

633 
1,479 
309 
447 
520 
228 
167 
483 


212,939 

13,384 

71 

51 

331 

415 

746 

92 

342 

977 

187 

2,193 

2,608 

2,359 

249 

331 

345 

85 

72 

267 

3,154 

2,448 

456 

250 

799 

318 

93,040 

139 
866 
694 
17.193 
15,916 
399 

3,292 
378 
995 
656 

1.397 

16.258 

199 

153 

1.536 
246 

3,630 

15,500 

163 

203 

677 

5,978 

1,376 
401 

4,210 
585 

4,767 

625 
1,170 
275 
336 
430 
169 
101 
280 


10,910 

719 

2 

4 

27 

32 

32 

1 

92 

34 

13 

77 

24 

21 

3 

10 

16 

11 

6 

12 

277 

146 

117 

14 

26 

23 

4,815 

3 
4 
3 
111 
22 
6 
10 

36 

19 

24 

82 

1 

5 

43 

3 

13 

4,045 

2 

1 

8 

84 

49 

5 

188 

48 

64 

16 
6 

10 
2 
6 

3 


110,926 

5,175 

45 

30 

159 

223 

271 

34 

33 

321 

104 

1,119 

796 

736 

60 

163 

150 

47 

40 

102 

1,190 

872 

165 

153 

231 

117 

39,430 

114 
349 
263 

5.355 

6,576 
150 

1,812 
175 
340 
309 
612 

8,385 
67 
112 
667 
110 

1.512 

4,901 
50 
84 
335 

3.583 
842 
179 

2.288 
260 

2,640 

513 
449 
255 
284 
125 
114 
41 
255 


20,702 

2,845 

14 

9 

85 

66 

127 

40 

133 

204 

19 

664 

328 

283 

45 

104 

69 

23 

19 

98 

537 

452 

51 

34 

213 

93 

8,036 

55 

102 

2,617 

404 

33 
190 

38 
238 

25 

153 

938 

8 

19 
281 

16 

124 

1.919 

23 

18 

60 
375 

37 

23 
292 

48 

266 

24 
43 
2 
1 
10 
17 
12 
4 


70,401 

4,645 

10 

8 

60 

94 

316 

17 

84 

418 

51 

333 

1.460 

1,319 

141 

54 

110 

4 

7 

55 

1,150 

978 

123 

49 

329 

85 

40,759 

22 
458 
326 

9,110 

8.914 
210 

1.280 
165 
381 
303 
608 

6,853 

123 

17 

545 

117 

1.981 

4.635 
88 
100 
274 

1,936 
448 
194 

1,442 
229 

1,797 

72 
672 
18 
41 
293 
32 
48 
18 


53,625 

10,831 

258 
135 
797 
833 
190 

73 
373 
378 
421 
597 
415 
360 

55 
126 
245 
359 
187 
185 
4.702 
4.436 
198 

68 
158 
399 

25,378 

32 
232 

47 

2.808 

2.553 

300 

2.367 

195 

844 

1,331 

54 

3,014 

27 

5 

414 

221 

526 

4,041 

113 

177 

162 

4.974 

274 

432 

98 

137 

1,901 

8 
307 
34 
106 
89 
55 
66 
201 


11,763 

3,038 

73 

38 

208 

214 

73 

24 

151 

103 

113 

131 

29 

15 

14 

32 

47 

103 

49 

40 

1.436 

1.376 

54 

6 

40 

134 

6,280 

5 
84 
15 

442 

974 
82 

894 
60 

160 

245 
27 

426 
3 
1 

122 
97 

175 

487 
51 
76 
25 
1,597 
57 

109 
27 
39 

628 

121 
15 
34 
34 
11 
12 
92 


15,060 

4,022 

129 
60 

333 

321 
41 
28 

162 
98 

168 

161 
29 
16 
13 
49 
51 

186 
59 
50 
1,926 
1,862 
51 
13 
37 

134 

7,537 

9 
72 
17 

407 

966 
59 

785 
84 

285 

329 
19 

718 
6 
4 
83 
71 

118 
1,546 
43 
58 
14 
1,660 
45 
79 
17 
43 

698 

113 
11 
37 
21 
20 
4 
82 


11,399 

1,752 

25 

17 

117 

139 

44 

14 

44 

97 

70 

169 

134 

128 

6 

20 

76 

32 

46 

45 

544 

490 

35 

19 

49 

70 

4,741 

10 

36 

8 

797 

303 

61 
294 

25 
124 
521 
4 
582 

82 
28 

102 

941 

8 

19 

49 

508 
99 

108 
15 
17 

256 

4 
35 

7 
19 
15 

6 
27 
12 


15,403 

2,019 

31 

20 

139 

159 

32 

7 

16 

80 

70 

136 

223 

201 

22 

25 

71 

38 

33 

50 

796 

708 

58 

30 

32 

61 

6,820 

8 

40 

7 

1,162 

310 

98 

394 

26 

275 

236 

4 

1,288 

18 

127 
25 

131 
1,067 
11 
24 
74 
1,209 
73 

136 
39 
38 

319 

4 
38 

1 
16 
19 
18 
23 
15 


404 




38 








_ 




1 




3 




1 




5 




. 




12 




1 




1 








_ 




_ 




1 




1 




1 




_ 


USSR 


_ 




9 




4 




5 


Other United Kingdom 


2 








83 








_ 




- 




15 




5 




_ 




3 




_ 


Israel 


3 




3 




2 




13 


Kuwait 


- 




- 




1 




_ 




_ 




25 




1 


Sri Lanka 


1 




1 




_ 




9 




_ 




- 




1 


Africa 


18 


Cape Verde 

Egypt 

Ethiopia 

Ghana 

Kenya 

Liberia 

Morocco 

Nigena 


2 

5 

1 
4 

2 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12 



TABLE 5. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY CLASS OF ADMISSION AND REGION AND SELECTED FOREIGN STATE 

OF CHARGEABILITY UNDER THE WORLDWIDE NUMERICAL LIMITATION 

FISCAL YEAR 1986— Continued 





Total 


Relative preferences 


Occupational preferences 




Region and foreign state of 
chargeabllity 


Total 


1st pref. 


2nd 
pref. 


4th pref. 


5th pref. 


Total 


3rd pref. 
princi- 
pals 


3rd pref. 
benefi- 
ciaries 


6th pref. 
princi- 
pals 


6th pref. 
benefi- 
ciaries 


Other 




925 
338 
346 
811 

1,741 

381 
742 
173 
335 
110 

91,870 

4,760 

19,810 

51,222 

593 

229 

1,225 

2,184 

389 

19,095 

826 

8,363 

15,013 

428 

333 

506 

2,038 

16,078 

902 

555 

6,764 

2,975 

2,394 

1,501 

987 

23,917 

1,129 

561 

832 

944 

5,927 

2,887 

8,282 

2,206 

399 

631 

119 


282 
276 
293 
530 

1,283 

66 
736 

63 
318 
100 

80,292 

2,018 

17,164 

48,272 

521 

178 

999 

2,168 

342 

18,974 

606 

7,973 

13,655 

411 

286 

389 

1,770 

12,838 

817 

484 

4,707 

2,338 

2,237 

1,336 

919 

20,173 

618 

387 

456 

677 

5,251 

2,595 

7,474 

1,925 

291 

405 

94 


9 

1 

11 

23 

6 
6 
2 
4 
5 

4,860 

277 

2,904 

1,298 

21 

14 

33 

78 

15 

436 

9 

152 

447 

18 

9 

9 

57 

381 

27 

26 

53 

68 

95 

42 

70 

429 

28 
6 
23 
23 
91 
46 
132 
38 
17 
21 
4 


107 
74 
79 

344 

489 

37 
239 

21 
149 

43 

50,785 

695 

5,769 

35,414 

397 

124 

665 

452 

241 

15,825 

452 

6,400 

9,045 

318 

178 

295 

1,022 

8,907 

552 

310 

3,553 

1,547 

1,679 

821 

445 

12,407 

282 

228 

203 

387 

3,451 

1,811 

4,471 

1,138 

132 

247 

57 


99 
7 
4 

43 

152 

21 
59 
23 
33 
16 

7,652 

726 

3,666 

2,368 

20 

17 

84 

288 

8 

554 

28 

83 

1,042 

14 

2 

14 

214 

892 

86 

41 

179 

209 

117 

151 

109 

1,751 

127 
44 
60 
127 
268 
115 
728 
145 
54 
74 
9 


67 
194 
210 
132 

619 

2 
432 

17 
132 

36 

16,995 

320 

4,825 

9,192 

83 

23 

217 

1,350 

78 

2,159 

117 

1,338 

3,121 

61 

97 

71 

477 

2,658 

152 

107 

922 

514 

346 

322 

295 

5,586 

181 

109 

170 

140 

1,441 

623 

2,143 

604 

88 

63 

24 


643 
62 
53 

277 

455 

313 
6 

110 
17 
9 

11,357 

2,737 

2,504 

2,903 

67 

50 

226 

16 

47 

103 

217 

386 

1,353 

16 

45 

115 

262 

3,213 

73 

71 

2,056 

630 

152 

163 

68 

3,703 

503 
174 
373 
267 
667 
286 
801 
273 
108 
226 
25 


173 
16 
22 
98 

144 

101 
4 
38 

1 

1,227 

805 
145 
210 

6 
6 
13 
2 

4 
7 
6 

10 
124 
2 
5 
7 

18 

67 
4 
8 

17 
6 
5 

19 
8 

446 

98 
9 
61 
51 
67 
12 
54 
42 
4 
44 
4 


290 
12 
26 
82 

165 

127 
2 

34 

2 

1,966 

1,324 

255 

255 

5 

13 

8 

1 

4 

5 

2 

9 

175 

7 

3 
23 
132 

6 
16 
28 
21 

2 
54 

5 

672 

101 
15 

136 
81 
99 
16 
76 
53 
14 
78 
3 


62 

22 

5 

42 

73 

39 

24 
8 
2 

3,474 

212 

781 

1,213 

34 

9 

121 

7 

17 

40 

116 

167 

489 

10 

19 

56 

128 

1,268 

25 

24 

836 

261 

65 

31 

26 

1,103 

130 

73 

73 

66 

227 

109 

256 

91 

44 

26 

8 


118 
12 

55 

73 

46 

14 
9 
4 

4,690 

396 

1,323 

1,225 

22 

22 

84 

6 

22 

51 

93 

200 

565 

4 

14 

49 

93 

1,746 

38 

23 

1,175 

342 

80 

59 

29 

1,482 

174 

77 

103 

69 

274 

149 

415 

87 

46 

78 

10 


. 




_ 




_ 




4 




3 




2 


Fiji 






. 




_ 




1 




221 




5 




142 




47 




5 




1 




_ 




_ 




_ 




18 




3 


Haiti 


4 




5 


St Kitts-Nevis 


1 




2 


St. Vincent & Grenadines .... 


2 
6 




27 




12 






El Salvador 


1 




7 




5 




2 








41 




8 




_ 




3 


Ctiile 


_ 




9 




6 




7 




8 








_ 




_ 







' Includes suspension of deportation adjustments, private law adjustments, and foreign government official adjustments which are subject to 
numerical limitations. 

- Represents zero. 

NOTE: Class of admission categories (subject to numerical limitations): 
1st pref. - Unmarried sons and daughters of U.S. citizens and their children. 
2nd pref. - Spouses, unmarried sons, and daughters of resident aliens and their children. 
4th pref. - N/larned sons and daughters of U.S. citizens and their spouses and children. 
5th pref. - Brothers and sisters of U.S. citizens and their spouses and children. 
3rd pref. - Professionals or highly skilled workers (principals). 
3rd pref. - Spouses and children of principals (beneficianes). 
6lh pref. - Workers in short supply (principals), 
6th pref. • Spouses and children of principals (beneficiaries) 



13 



TABLE 6. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY TYPE OF ADMISSION AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 

FISCAL YEAR 1986 



Region and country 
of birth 



Immigrants admitted 



Subject to 
numerical 
limitations 



Exempt 

from 
numerical 
limitations 



Subject to 
numerical 
limitations 



Exempt 

from 
numerical 
limitations 



Adjustments of status 



Subject to 
numerical 
limitations 



All countries 

Europe 

Austria 

Belgium 

Czeclioslovakia 

Denmark 

Finland 

France 

Germany, Fed. Rep. 

Greece 

Hungary 

Ireland 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Nonway 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

U.S.S.R 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

Afghanistan 

Bangladesh 

Burma 

Cambodia 

China, Mainland 

Cyprus 

Hong Kong 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Iraq 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Kuwait 

Laos 

Lebanon 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Saudi Arabia 

Singapore 

Sri Lanka 

Syria 

Taiwan 

Thailand 

Turkey 

Vietnam 

Yemen (Sanaa) 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Cape Verde 

Eflypt 

Ethiopia 

Qhana 

Kenya 

Uberia 



601,708 

62,512 

463 

620 
1,118 

554 

322 
2,518 
6,991 
2,512 
1,006 
1,839 
3,089 
1,261 

354 
8,481 
3,766 
5,198 
1,591 
1,098 

677 
2,588 
13,657 
2,011 

798 

268,248 

2,831 

1,634 

863 

13,501 

25,106 

307 

5,021 

26,227 

1,183 

16,505 

1,323 

3,790 

3,959 

3,081 

35,776 

496 

7,842 

3,994 

886 

5,994 

52,558 

275 

480 

596 

1,604 

13,424 

6,204 

1,753 

29,993 

420 

622 

17,463 

760 

2,969 

2,737 

1,164 

719 

618 



266,968 

22,710 

135 

331 

109 

180 

124 

1,084 

1,267 

941 

170 

734 

1,336 

536 

89 

2,777 

2,668 

468 

576 

435 

256 

465 

6,837 

943 

249 

119,609 

168 

1,093 

667 

123 

17,757 

124 

3,431 

18,827 

655 

5,668 
574 

1,748 

1,838 

1,513 

19,381 

234 

167 

1,925 
436 

3,919 
19,725 
126 
252 
384 
841 
10,793 

1,633 
818 

4,220 
128 
441 

6,614 

600 
1,465 
309 
445 
452 
227 



334,740 

39,802 

328 

289 

1,009 

374 

198 

1,434 

5,724 

1,571 

836 

1,105 

1,753 

725 

265 

5,704 

1,098 

4,730 

1,015 

663 

421 

2.123 

6,820 

1,068 

549 

148,639 

2,663 

541 

196 

13,378 

7,349 

183 

1,590 

7,400 

528 

10,837 

749 

2,042 

2,121 

1,568 

16,395 

262 

7,676 

2,069 

450 

2,075 

32,833 

149 

228 

212 

763 

2,631 

4,571 

935 

25,773 

292 

181 

10,949 

160 
1,524 
2,428 
719 
267 
391 



376,110 

28,269 

167 

265 

135 

276 

146 

1,033 

4,277 

1,670 

203 

890 

1,738 

515 

154 

2,469 

3,193 

587 

847 

431 

282 

426 

6,810 

1,346 

409 

158,010 

120 

1,197 

737 

133 

20,676 

141 

3,544 

22,421 

569 

4,081 

382 

1,639 

2,110 

2,109 

30,745 

236 

198 

1,774 

382 

4,702 

41.508 

157 

247 

325 

640 

7,610 

2,187 

881 

5,514 

366 

479 

7,055 

703 
1,644 
295 
612 
455 
241 



228,522 
14,319 



64 

544 

635 

768 

73 

418 

981 

238 

31 

1,903 

2,514 

354 

399 

153 

132 

223 

3,595 

779 

188 

100,484 

92 

925 

615 

93 

16,169 

75 

2,960 

17,113 

426 

3,090 
269 
962 

1,101 

1,364 

17,206 

193 

132 

1,226 
262 

3,526 
18,736 
106 
148 
239 
601 

6,366 

1,473 
522 

3,993 
114 
387 

4,889 

594 
1,156 
203 
372 
374 
165 



147,588 

13,950 

116 
130 
74 
196 
82 
489 

3,642 
902 
130 
472 
757 
277 
123 
566 
679 
233 
448 
278 
150 
203 

3,215 
567 
221 

57,526 

28 

272 

122 

40 

4,507 

66 

584 

5.308 

143 

991 

113 

677 

1,009 

745 

13,539 

43 

66 

548 

120 

1,176 

22,772 

51 

99 

86 

239 

1,244 

714 

359 

1,521 

252 

92 

2,166 

109 
488 
92 
240 
81 
76 



225,598 

34,243 
296 
355 
983 
278 
176 

1,485 

2,714 
842 
803 
949 

1,351 
746 
200 

6,012 
573 

4,611 
744 
667 
395 

2,162 

6,847 
665 
389 

110,238 

2,711 

437 

126 

13,368 

4,430 

166 

1,477 

3,806 

614 

12,424 

941 

2,151 

1,849 

972 

5,031 

260 

7,644 

2,220 

504 

1,292 

11,050 

118 

233 

271 

764 

5,814 

4,017 

872 

24,479 

54 

143 

10,408 

57 

1,345 

2,442 

552 

264 

377 



38,446 

8,391 

84 
196 

48 
100 

60 
540 
632 
173 

97 
316 
355 
298 

58 
874 
154 
114 
177 
282 
124 
242 
3,242 
164 

61 

19,125 



52 

30 

1,588 

49 

471 

1,714 

229 

2,578 

305 

786 

737 

149 

2,175 

41 

35 

699 

174 

393 

989 

20 

104 

145 

240 

4,427 

160 

296 

227 

14 

54 

1,625 

6 
309 
106 
73 
78 
62 



14 



TABLE 6. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY TYPE OF ADMISSION AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 

FISCAL YEAR 1986— Continued 





Immigrants admitted 


New arrivals 


Adjustments of status 


Region and country 
of birth 


Total 


Subject to 
numencal 
limitations 


Exempt 

from 
numerical 
limitations 


Total 


Subject to 
numencal 
limitations 


Exempt 

from 
numerical 
limitations 


Total 


Subject to 
numerical 
limitations 


Exempt 

from 
numerical 
limitations 




646 
2,976 

323 
1,566 

370 

401 
2,194 

3,894 

1,354 
972 
610 
510 
448 

207,714 

11,039 
66,533 
101,632 

812 

570 

1,595 

270 

33,114 

564 

26,175 

1,045 

12,666 

19,595 

573 

502 

635 

2,891 

625 

28,380 

1,385 

1,356 

10,929 

5,158 

4,532 

2,826 

2,194 

130 

41,874 

2,187 
1,079 
2,332 
2,243 

11,408 
4,516 

10,367 

4,895 

699 

1,854 

294 

3 


173 
489 
114 
899 
295 
278 
768 

1,760 

408 
714 
176 
340 
122 

92,588 

4,774 

20,369 

51,631 

585 

227 

1,202 

138 

2,225 

396 

19,071 

822 

8,361 

14,983 

421 

332 

498 

2,016 

354 

15,749 

896 

557 

6,643 

2,913 

2,376 

1,470 

894 

65 

23,785 

1,126 

553 

848 

931 

5,896 

2,849 

8,224 

2,182 

393 

641 

142 

2 


473 
2,487 

209 

667 
75 

123 
1,426 

2,134 

946 
258 
434 
170 
326 

115,126 

6,265 

46,164 

50,001 

227 

343 

393 

132 

30,889 

168 

7,104 

223 

4,305 

4,612 

152 

170 

137 

875 

271 

12,631 

489 

799 

4,286 

2,245 

2,156 

1,356 

1,300 

65 

18,089 

1,061 

526 

1,484 

1,312 

5,512 

1,667 

2,143 

2,713 

306 

1,213 

152 

1 


242 
563 
146 
833 
283 
259 
779 

2,312 

635 
885 
294 
321 
177 

149,465 

5,780 

58,208 

62,241 

669 

295 

1,330 

131 

2,552 

496 

24,087 

890 

10,785 

17,023 

488 

400 

534 

2,122 

439 

23,155 

1.149 

920 

9,876 

4,352 

3,686 

1,529 

1,643 

81 

30,997 

1,151 

704 

1,211 

1,482 

8,932 

3,551 

9,554 

3,046 

439 

718 

209 

2 


123 
321 
95 
518 
248 
227 
493 

1,320 

169 
688 
110 
273 
80 

86,234 

2,729 

19,343 

49,581 

544 

174 

1,135 

109 

2,146 

390 

18,710 

768 

7,971 

14,381 

403 

307 

468 

1,768 

307 

14,536 

841 

482 

6,446 

2,741 

2,219 

1,032 

775 

45 

21,274 

756 

484 

570 

752 

5,387 

2,634 

7,972 

1,873 

326 

403 

117 

2 


119 

242 
51 

315 
35 
32 

286 

992 

466 
197 
184 
48 
97 

63,231 

3,051 

38,865 

12,660 

125 

121 

195 

22 

406 

106 

5,377 

122 

2,814 

2,642 

85 

93 

66 

354 

132 

8,619 

308 

438 

3,430 

1,611 

1,467 

497 

868 

36 

9,723 

395 

220 

641 

730 

3,545 

917 

1,582 

1,173 

113 

315 

92 


404 
2,413 

177 

733 
87 

142 
1.415 

1,582 

719 
87 
316 
189 
271 

58,249 

5,259 

8,325 
39,391 
143 
275 
265 
139 
30,562 
68 

2,088 
155 

1,881 

2,572 
85 
102 
101 
769 
186 

5,225 
236 
436 

1,053 
806 
846 

1,297 
551 
49 

10,877 

1,036 
375 

1,121 
761 

2,476 
965 
813 

1,849 
260 

1,136 
85 

1 


50 
168 

19 
381 

47 

51 
275 

440 

239 
26 
66 
67 
42 

6,354 

2,045 

1,026 

2,050 

41 

53 

67 

29 

79 

6 

361 

54 

390 

602 

18 

25 

30 

248 

47 

1,213 

55 

75 

197 

172 

157 

438 

119 

20 

2,511 

370 

69 

278 

179 

509 

215 

252 

309 

67 

238 

25 


354 




2,245 




158 




352 




40 




91 




1,140 




1,142 




480 


Fiji 


61 




250 




122 




229 




51,895 




3,214 




7,299 




37,341 




102 




222 




198 




110 


Cuba 


30,483 




62 




1,727 




101 


Haiti 


1,491 




1,970 




67 




77 


St. Vincent & Grenadines .... 
Trinidad & Tobago 


71 
521 
139 




4,012 




181 




361 




856 




634 




689 




859 




432 




29 




8,366 




666 




306 




843 


Chile 


582 




1,967 




750 




561 




1,540 




193 




898 




60 




1 







Represents zero 



15 



TABLE 7. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY CLASS OF ADMISSION 

AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 

FISCAL YEAR 1986 



Region and country 
of birth 



Subject to 
numerical 
limitations 



Immigrants exempt from numerical limitations 



Immediate 
relatives' 



Parents of 
adult U.S. 
citizens 



Spouses 
of U.S. 
citizens ' 



Children 
of U.S. 
citizens ' 



Refugee 

and 
asylee 
adjust- 
ments 



Special 
immi- 
grants 



Children 

born 
abroad to 
aliens ' 



All countries 

Europe 

Austria 

Belgium 

Czechoslovakia 

Denmark 

Finland 

France 

Germany, Fed. Rep 

Greece 

Hungary 

Ireland 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

U.S.S.R 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

Afghanistan 

Bangladesh 

Burma 

Cambodia 

China, Mainland 

Cyprus 

Hong Kong 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Iraq 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Kuwait 

Laos 

Lebanon 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Saudi Arabia 

Singapore 

Sri Lanka 

Syria 

Taiwan 

Thailand 

Turkey 

Vietnam 

Yemen (Sanaa) 

Other Asia '. 

Africa 

Cape Verde 

Egypt 

Ethiopia 

See footnotes at end of table. 



601,708 

62,512 

463 
620 

1,118 

554 

322 

2,518 

6,991 

2,512 

1,006 

1,839 

3,089 

1,261 

354 

8,481 

3,766 

5,198 

1,591 

1,098 

677 

2,588 

13,657 

2,011 

798 

268,248 

2,831 

1,634 

863 

13,501 

25,106 

307 

5,021 

26,227 

1,183 

16,505 

1,323 

3,790 

3,959 

3,081 

35,776 

496 

7,842 

3,994 

886 

5,994 

52,558 

275 

480 

596 

1,604 

13,424 

6,204 

1,753 

29.993 

420 

622 

17,463 

760 
2.989 
2,737 



266,968 

22,710 

135 

331 

109 

180 

124 

1,084 

1,267 

941 

170 

734 

1,336 

536 

89 

2,777 

2,668 

468 

576 

435 

256 

465 

6,837 

943 

249 

119,609 

168 

1.093 

667 

123 

17,757 

124 

3.431 

18.827 

655 

5,668 
574 

1.748 

1.838 

1.513 

19.381 

234 

167 

1,925 
436 

3,919 
19,725 
126 
252 
384 
841 
10,793 

1,633 
818 

4,220 
128 
441 

6,514 

600 

1,465 

309 



334,740 

39,802 

328 

289 

1,009 

374 

198 

1,434 

5,724 

1,571 

836 

1.105 

1,753 

725 

265 

5,704 

1,098 

4,730 

1.015 

663 

421 

2.123 

6,820 

1,068 

549 

148,639 

2,663 

541 

196 

13.378 

7.349 

183 

1.590 

7,400 

528 

10,837 

749 

2,042 

2,121 

1.568 

16.395 

262 

7,675 

2.069 

450 

2.075 

32,833 

149 

228 

212 

763 

2,631 

4,571 

935 

25,773 

292 

181 

10,949 

160 
1,524 
2,428 



223,468 

27,279 

268 

281 

167 

369 

195 

1,385 

5,549 

1,523 

286 

1.065 

1,670 

710 

256 

1,715 

1.073 

393 

868 

648 

409 

457 

6,626 

1,009 

357 

87,651 

63 

523 

187 

70 

6.668 

179 

1.408 

7.069 

374 

4.787 

379 

1.919 

2,025 

1,523 

15,971 

248 

111 

1.997 

360 

1.884 

31,652 

125 

222 

188 

724 

2,542 

1,302 

880 

1.814 

289 

168 

8,163 

159 

1,474 

299 



2,909 

20 



180 
237 



352 
379 
178 



203 

393 

225 

70 

30,199 

27 

108 

110 

33 

4,812 

23 

143 

4,369 

80 

1.834 

109 

133 

118 

315 

4,557 

64 

455 

42 

578 

9,439 

2 

16 

56 

192 

945 

274 

279 

1,061 

5 

20 



274 
25 



137,597 

21,621 

238 

242 

122 

329 

182 

1,213 

4,645 

1,166 

201 

858 

1,299 

638 

229 

1,165 

599 

188 

701 

591 

381 

233 

5,473 

691 

237 

39,219 

32 

373 

71 

25 

1,734 

147 

1,057 

1,990 

267 

2,842 

268 

1,582 

1,740 

1,058 

4,549 

241 

25 

1,440 

305 

1,176 

14,224 

112 

182 

124 

515 

1,226 

759 

549 

394 

105 

107 

7,058 

62 

1.162 

242 



2,749 



108 
724 
120 



198 
95 



760 
93 



104,383 



11,868 



2,992 



208 

710 

27 

111 

2 

204 

167 

150 

6,865 

7 

22 

102 

13 

130 

7,989 



371 
269 



359 
179 



100 
27 
543 



4,308 
114 



6 
1,654 



58,685 

2,600 



13,300 

618 

3 

117 

35 

148 

6,022 

367 

5 



5 
7,556 



68 

459 



50 
150 



5 
37 
636 
5 
2 
21 



3 
180 



16 



TABLE 7. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY CLASS OF ADMISSION 

AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 

FISCAL YEAR 1986— Continued 



Region and country 
of birth 



Subject to 
numerical 
limitations 



Immigrants exempt from numerical limitations 



Immediate 
relatives 



Parents of 
adult U.S. 
citizens 



Spouses 
of U.S. 

citizens ' 



Ctiildren 
of U.S. 
citizens ' 



Refugee 

and 
asylee 
adjust- 
ments 



Special 
immi- 
grants 



Cfiildren 

born 
abroad to 
aliens ' 



Gtiana 

Kenya 

Liberia 

Itflorocco 

Nigeria 

Sierra Leone 

Soutti Africa 

Tanzania 

Uganda 

Other Africa 

Oceania 

Australia 

Fiji 

New Zealand 

Tonga 

Other Oceania 

North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Antigua-Barbuda 

Bahamas, The 

Barbados , 

British Virgin Is 

Cuba 

Dominica 

Dominican Republic 

Grenada 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

St. Kitts-Nevis 

St. Lucia 

St. Vincent & Grenadines ... 

Trinidad & Tobago 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

Other North America 

South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Peru , 

Uruguay , 

Venezuela , 

Other South America 

Unknown or not reported 



1,164 
719 
618 
646 

2,976 
323 

1,566 
370 
401 

2,194 

3,894 

1,354 
972 
610 
510 
448 

207,714 

11,039 
66,533 
101,632 

812 

570 

1.595 

270 

33,114 

564 

26,175 

1,045 

12,666 

19,595 

573 

502 

635 

2,891 

625 

28,380 

1,385 

1,356 

10,929 

5.158 

4,532 

2,826 

2,194 

130 

41,874 

2,187 
1,079 
2,332 
2,243 

11,408 
4.516 

10.367 

4.895 

699 

1.854 

294 



445 
452 
227 
173 
489 
114 
899 
295 
278 
768 

1,760 

408 
714 
176 
340 
122 

92,588 

4,774 
20,369 
51,631 

585 

227 

1,202 

138 

2,225 

396 

19,071 

822 

8,361 

14,983 

421 

332 

498 

2,016 

354 

15,749 

896 

557 

6,643 

2,913 

2.376 

1,470 

894 

65 

23,785 

1,126 

553 

848 

931 

5,896 

2,849 

8,224 

2,182 

393 

641 

142 



719 
267 
391 
473 

2,487 

209 

667 

75 

123 

1.426 

2,134 

946 
258 
434 
170 
326 

115,126 

6.265 
46.164 
50,001 

227 

343 

393 

132 

30,889 

168 

7,104 

223 

4,305 

4,612 

152 

170 

137 

875 

271 

12,631 

489 

799 

4.286 

2.245 

2,156 

1,356 

1,300 

65 

18,089 

1.061 

526 

1,484 

1,312 

5,512 

1,667 

2,143 

2,713 

306 

1,213 

152 

1 



672 
250 
384 
464 

2,457 

207 

563 

73 

78 

1,083 

2,067 

916 
257 
419 
165 
310 

80,767 

5,848 
44,201 
19,058 

218 

329 

371 

121 

541 

156 

6,830 

223 

4,251 

4,502 

146 

167 

134 

814 

255 

11,600 

484 

752 

3,950 

2,150 

2,092 

1,003 

1,169 

60 

17,541 

988 

509 
1,421 
1,264 
5,397 
1,601 
2,114 
2.667 

300 
1.129 

151 



201 

15 
105 
5 
37 
39 

8,228 

205 

3.355 

2,752 

47 

13 

58 

15 

273 

39 

966 

52 

379 

682 

38 

28 

25 

107 

30 

1,899 

125 

65 

668 

407 

221 

289 

124 

17 

3,045 

161 
121 
53 
232 
731 
297 
785 
553 
51 
39 



569 
207 
312 
405 
2,420 
175 
411 
52 
59 
982 

1,630 

786 
130 
380 
122 
212 

57,076 

4.756 

32.757 

12,743 

125 

202 

242 

87 

207 

93 

4,332 

138 

3,409 

2,883 

81 

99 

88 

573 

184 

6,782 

264 

502 

2,406 

1,179 

1,202 

537 

692 

38 

10,993 

722 
305 

1,038 
625 

3,371 

1,036 
945 

1,747 
212 
902 
90 



22 



59 

15,463 

887 
8,089 
3,563 

46 
114 



463 
937 



134 

41 

2,919 

95 
185 
876 
564 
669 
177 
353 
5 

3,503 

105 
83 
330 
407 
1,295 
268 
384 
367 
37 
188 



39 



30,356 



289 
18 



693 


2,342 


123 


96 


134 


1,749 


165 


419 


6 


3 



29 
105 



184 

48 



Includes parents, spouses, and children of U.S. citizens. 
' Includes persons who entered as fiances(ees) and have married U.S. citizens. 
^ Includes children whose parents entered as fiances(ees) and have married U.S. citizens. 

Includes children born abroad to U.S. lawful permanent resident aliens and babies born after the issuances of visas. 
- Represents zero. 



17 



TABLE 8. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY CLASS OF ADMISSION AND REGION 

AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF LAST PERMANENT RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1986 



Region and country 

of last 
permanent residence 



Subject to 
numerical 
limitations 



Immigrants exempt from numerical limitations 



Immediate 
relatives 



Parents of 
adult U.S. 
citizens 



Spouses 
of U.S. 
citizens ■ 



Cfiildren 
of U.S. 
citizens ' 



Refugee 

and 
asylee 
adjust- 
ments 



Special 
immi- 
grants 



Cfiildren 

born 
abroad to 
aliens ' 



All countries 

Europe 

Austna 

Belgium 

Czecfioslovakia 

Denmark 

France 

Germany, Federal Rep 

Greece 

Hungary 

Ireland 

Italy 

Netfierlands 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

U.S.S.R 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Olfier Europe 

Asia 

Afgfianistan 

Bangladesfi 

Burma 

Cambodia 

Cfiina. Mainland 

Cyprus 

Hong Kong 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Iraq 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Kuwait 

Laos 

Lebanon 

Macau 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Pfiilippines 

Saudi Arabia 

Singapore 

Sri Lanka 

Syria 

Taiwan 

Tfiailand 

Turkey 

United Arab Emirates 

Vietnam 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Cape Verde 

Egypt 

Etfiiopia 

See footnotes at end of table. 



601,708 

69,224 

2,039 

843 

588 

544 

3,876 

9,824 

3,497 

565 

1,757 

5,711 

1,263 

6,540 

3,804 

3,809 

2,232 

1,197 

923 

1,001 

16,129 

1,915 

1,167 

258,546 

944 

1,521 

523 

4,502 

16,458 

456 

9,930 

24,808 

3,420 

12,031 

650 

5,124 

4,444 

2,812 

35,164 

963 

3,654 

3,002 

454 

1,565 

7,034 

61,492 

1,227 

1,109 

457 

1,333 

15,931 

19,086 

1,975 

594 

15,010 

873 

15,500 

701 
2,746 
1,457 



266,968 

26,268 

251 

459 

31 

179 

1,814 

1,868 

1,432 

97 

703 

1,398 

527 

2,444 

2,708 

319 

875 

482 

379 

60 

9,003 

866 

373 



1,027 

393 

4 

13,511 

187 

6,128 

17,611 

616 

3,724 

249 

2,422 

1,810 

1,392 

18,995 

534 

17 

1,198 

364 

362 

3,591 

19,532 

598 

406 

281 

663 

11,774 

4,718 

1,065 

407 

141 

405 

5,383 

546 

1,302 

203 



334,740 

42,956 

1,788 

384 

557 

365 

2,062 

7,956 

2,065 

468 

1,054 

4,313 

736 

4,096 

1,096 

3,490 

1,357 

715 

544 

941 

7,126 

1,049 

794 

144,344 

867 

494 

130 

4,498 

2.947 

269 

3,802 

7,197 

2,804 

8,307 

401 

2,702 

2,634 

1,420 

16,169 

429 

3,637 

1,804 

90 

1,203 

3,443 

41,960 

629 

703 

176 

670 

4,157 

14,368 

910 

187 

14,869 

468 

10,117 

155 
1,444 
1,254 



223,468 

28,403 

323 

364 

81 

358 

1,882 

6,461 

1,711 

171 

1,021 

1,690 

716 

1,511 

1,070 

280 

987 

698 

515 

142 

6,852 

898 

672 

85,292 

22 

473 

124 

10 

2,834 

265 

3,153 

6,485 

363 

3.893 

259 

2,533 

2,526 

1,365 

15,760 

410 

34 

1,730 

85 

335 

1.925 

30.712 

592 

284 

150 

642 

4.059 

2,649 

853 

174 

132 

461 

7,533 

154 

1,349 

248 



45,232 



224 

324 
315 



273 

34 

268 

374 

143 

120 

27 

20 

48 

566 

202 



29,346 



86 

3 

1,475 

51 

1,561 

4.051 

75 

1.385 

58 

403 

149 

247 

4,540 

56 

21 

493 



58 

711 

9,427 

36 

47 

48 

184 

2,388 

1,274 

277 

23 

36 



661 

54 
262 



137,597 

22,380 

266 

302 

52 

320 

1,532 

5,347 

1,252 

124 

815 

1,316 

643 

1,055 

591 

113 

776 

631 

467 

84 

5,552 

601 

541 

37,795 



37 

5 

1,254 

195 

1,368 

1,724 

250 

2,429 

199 

1,924 

2,093 

965 

4,380 

342 

7 

1,175 

21 

269 

1,083 

13,401 

513 

202 

95 

438 

1,308 

814 

516 

139 

63 

234 

6,413 

56 

1,051 

192 



40,639 



126 
790 
144 



28 

10 

734 



105 

19 

224 

710 

38 

79 

2 

206 

284 

153 

6,840 

12 

6 

62 



131 

7,884 

43 

35 

7 

20 

363 

561 

60 



104,383 

13,958 

1,456 

15 

476 

3 

144 

1,416 

335 

296 

2,566 



3,193 
336 



796 
93 
134 
112 

56,773 

845 



4.488 

88 

3 

557 

413 

2.428 

4.386 

141 

28 



42 

5 

863 

1.398 

10.529 

6 

413 

5 

22 



2,992 



1,546 



34 
634 



3 
155 



55 
989 



18 



TABLE 8. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY CLASS OF ADMISSION AND REGION 

AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF LAST PERMANENT RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1986— Continued 



Region and country 

of last 
permanent residence 



Subject to 
numerical 
limitations 



Immigrants exempt from numerical limitations 



Immediate 
relatives' 



Parents of 
adult U.S. 
citizens 



Spouses 
of U.S. 
citizens * 



Cfiildren 
of U.S. 
citizens ' 



Refugee 

and 
asylee 
adjust- 
ments 



Special 
immi- 
grants 



Children 

born 
abroad to 
aliens ' 



Gfiana 

Kenya 

Liberia 

Nigeria 

Soutfi Africa . 

Sudan 

Other Africa .. 



Oceania 

Australia 

Fiji 

New Zealand ... 

Tonga 

Other Oceania 



North America 

Canada 

Ivlexico 

Caribbean 

Antigua-Barbuda 

Bahamas, The 

Barbados 

Bermuda 

Cuba 

Dominica 

Dominican Republic 

Grenada 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

St. Kitts-Nevis 

St. Lucia 

St. Vincent & Grenadines . 

Trinidad & Tobago 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

Other North America 



South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Peru 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Other South America . 



1,001 
504 
663 
3,093 
1,647 
1,073 
2,615 

4,352 

1,854 
950 
569 
500 
479 

211,428 

16,060 
66,753 
98,527 

828 

881 

1,636 

259 

30,787 

531 

26,216 

948 

12,356 

18,916 

525 

494 

584 

2,844 

722 

30,086 

1,417 

2,311 

10,881 

5,253 

4,569 

2,594 

3,061 

2 

42,650 

2.318 
1,085 
2,693 
2,122 
11,213 
4,518 
9,908 
4,813 

668 
2,850 

462 



390 
236 
255 
559 
919 
47 
926 

1,983 

645 
683 
175 
336 
144 

94,690 

7,905 
20,455 
49,135 

591 

342 

1,218 

99 

331 

376 

19,100 

749 

8,235 

14,525 

392 

330 

463 

1,968 

416 

17,195 

920 

1,365 

6,642 

2.978 

2.402 

1,315 

1,573 



24,439 

1,237 

562 
1,156 

869 
5.863 
2,855 
7,896 
2,150 

388 
1.195 

268 



611 

268 

408 

2,534 

728 

1,026 

1,689 

2,369 

1,209 
267 
394 
164 
335 

116,738 

8,155 
46,298 
49,392 

237 

539 

418 

160 

30,456 

155 

7,116 

199 

4.121 

4,391 

133 

164 

121 

876 

306 

12,891 

497 

946 

4,239 

2,275 

2,167 

1,279 

1.488 



18,211 

1,081 

523 

1,537 

1,253 

5,350 

1,663 

2,012 

2,663 

280 

1,655 

194 



567 
239 
399 

2,492 
625 
48 

1,412 

2,269 

1,152 
265 
377 
159 
316 

82,421 

7,650 
44,322 
18,692 

232 

523 

397 

158 

355 

141 

6,835 

199 

4.067 

4,291 

129 

160 

118 

809 

278 

11,755 

491 

832 

3,905 

2.175 

2.100 

921 

1.331 



17,546 

1,006 

499 

1,466 

1,212 

5,243 

1,595 

1,985 

2,618 

277 

1,456 

189 



Unl^nown or not reported . 



40 

8,569 

583 
3,390 
2,625 

48 
34 



365 

658 

33 

25 

22 

117 

34 

1,971 

123 

97 

658 

416 

229 

264 

184 



3,217 

212 
120 

99 
223 
737 
289 
754 
564 

59 
126 

34 

1 



469 
198 
328 

2.433 
433 
45 

1,208 

1,783 

978 
126 
338 
118 
223 

58,360 

6,150 
32,841 
12,525 

137 

390 

257 

122 

152 

84 

4,326 

123 

3,240 

2,697 

63 

95 

77 

554 

208 

6,842 

270 

540 

2,369 

1,198 

1,195 

501 

769 

2 

10,864 

696 

295 
1,052 

579 
3.232 
1,035 

851 
1,693 

180 
1,136 

115 



219 

106 
23 



53 

15,492 

917 
8,091 
3,542 



25 

33 

23 

1,536 

32 

462 

936 

33 

40 

19 

138 



195 
878 
561 
676 
156 
378 



98 

84 
315 
410 
1.274 
271 
380 
361 

38 
194 

40 

1 



24 



24 
978 
261 



30,962 



50 
30,131 



30,100 

7 



288 
22 



773 

195 
138 
144 



29 
122 



193 

51 



1,750 
421 

3 



165 

13 



235 

192 
38 



' Includes parents, spouses, and children of U.S. citizens. 

' Includes persons who entered as fiances(ees) and have married U.S. citizens 

^ Includes children whose parents entered as fiances(ees) and have marned US, citizens 

' Includes children born abroad to U.S. lavrful permanent resident aliens and babies born after the issuances of visas. 

- Represents zero. 



19 



TABLE 9. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED WHO WERE ADJUSTED TO PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUS 

BY SELECTED STATUS AT ENTRY AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 

FISCAL YEAR 1986 



Region and country 
of birth 


Total 


Visitors 
for busi- 
ness 


Visitors 
for pleas- 
ure 


Treaty 
traders 
and in- 
vestors' 


Stu- 
dents' 


Tempo- 
rary work- 
ers' 


Exchange 
visitors' 


Fiances- 
(ees)= 


Intracom- 
pany 

transfer- 
ees' 


Refugees 
and parol- 
ees 


Other 


All countries 


225,598 
34,243 


3,496 
428 


72,153 
12,790 


2,386 
822 


21,043 
1,303 


9,159 
2,616 


1,993 
729 


6,864 
1,217 


6,222 
2,493 


100,664 
11,586 


1,618 


Europe 


259 


Auslna 


296 


7 


142 


11 


14 


21 


4 


6 


31 


55 


5 


Belgium 


355 


8 


124 


22 


23 


52 


14 


13 


80 


5 


14 


Czechoslovakia 


983 


5 


109 


2 


2 


19 


4 


5 


13 


823 


1 


Denmark 


278 


2 


133 


6 


16 


33 


15 


15 


47 


4 


7 


Finland 


176 


5 


68 


9 


20 


16 


14 


9 


24 


6 


5 


France 


1,485 


36 


679 


90 


124 


166 


75 


54 


200 


30 


31 


Germany, Fed Rep 


2,714 


33 


1,424 


188 


144 


151 


93 


274 


189 


196 


22 


Greece 


842 


21 


422 


2 


233 


59 


12 


41 


11 


33 


8 


Hungary 


803 


3 


247 


2 


8 


22 


15 


2 


7 


494 


3 


Ireland 


949 


15 


550 


21 


34 


143 


18 


59 


96 


8 


5 


Italy 


1,351 


24 


938 


52 


51 


64 


24 


58 


71 


44 


25 


Netherlands 


746 


13 


301 


35 


67 


114 


23 


36 


137 


7 


13 


Norway 


200 


1 


93 


4 


39 


11 


3 


13 


30 


2 


4 


Poland 


6,012 


27 


2,042 


6 


40 


87 


113 


60 


18 


3,609 


10 


Portugal 


573 


7 


402 


1 


22 


15 


- 


98 


12 


5 


11 


Romania 


4,611 


7 


306 


3 


13 


29 


20 


8 


6 


4,216 


3 


Spam 


744 


17 


422 


12 


59 


50 


9 


44 


34 


89 


8 


Sweden 


667 


17 


275 


3 


51 


80 


9 


34 


182 


8 


8 


Switzerland 


395 


14 


162 


16 


46 


49 


20 


27 


47 


6 


8 


USSR 


2,162 


4 


453 


10 


20 


32 


18 


14 


11 


1,600 


- 


United Kingdom 


6,847 


150 


2,869 


312 


243 


1,353 


203 


294 


1,225 


131 


67 


Yugoslavia 


665 


8 


497 


9 


19 


34 


21 


36 


7 


34 


- 


Other Europe 


389 


4 


132 


6 


15 


16 


2 


17 


15 


181 


1 


Asia 


110,238 


1,718 


26,334 


1,464 


13,326 


4,314 


826 


3,970 


1,590 


56,026 


670 


Afghanistan 


2,711 


10 


180 


. 


24 


_ 


7 


. 


6 


2,476 


8 


Bangladesh 


437 


10 


79 




275 


38 


20 


2 


1 


6 


6 


Burma 


126 
13,368 


2 
2 


49 

79 


1 
1 


41 
5 


6 
2 


4 


18 
3 


2 


13,275 


3 


Cambodia 


1 


China, Mainland 


4,430 


104 


2,053 


99 


909 


197 


70 


196 


131 


622 


49 


Cyprus 


166 


1 


53 




78 


18 


5 


_ 


4 


6 


1 


Hong Kong 


1,477 


35 


518 


13 


456 


134 


8 


63 


123 


123 


4 


India 


3,806 

614 

12,424 

941 

2,151 

1,849 


130 
9 

100 
11 
34 
42 


1,901 
207 

4,848 
358 

1,428 
643 


13 
2 
100 
2 
37 
258 


724 
147 
3,519 
157 
258 
337 


527 
29 

296 
33 

203 

175 


177 

6 

98 

4 

70 

41 


82 
8 

57 
3 

42 
191 


115 
30 
60 
13 
38 

121 


50 
149 
3,308 
355 
19 
29 


87 


Indonesia 


27 


Iran 


38 


Iraq 


5 


Israel 


22 


Japan 


12 


Jordan 


972 
5,031 

260 
7,644 
2,220 

504 

1,292 

11,050 


18 
291 

1 
59 

4 
45 
561 


393 

2,049 

56 

81 

1,254 

127 

675 

5.548 


526 

1 

1 

1 

23 

37 


526 
1,007 
190 
3 
721 
163 
322 
346 


12 
220 
5 
4 
56 
57 
77 
1,175 


2 
25 

17 

3 

13 

110 


7 

623 

4 

2 

15 

25 

11 

2,423 


3 
170 

1 

31 
36 
28 
50 


3 
39 
2 

7,552 

56 

81 

74 

610 


8 


Korea 


81 


Kuwait 


1 


Laos 


1 


Lebanon 


10 


Malaysia 


7 


Pakistan 


24 


Philippines 


190 


Saudi Arabia 


118 
233 


1 
5 


40 
75 


4 


62 

72 


4 
26 


1 

1 


4 
13 


4 
26 


2 
6 


_ 


Singapore 


5 


Sri Lanka 


271 
764 


6 
18 


89 

387 


1 


71 
295 


63 
9 


20 
6 


3 

14 


5 

7 


2 
22 


11 


Syria 


6 


Taiwan 


5,814 


161 


1,710 


336 


2,077 


810 


70 


56 


550 


12 


32 


Thailand 


4,017 
872 


26 

17 


404 
466 


5 


261 
183 


18 
84 


8 
30 


44 
21 


3 
12 


3,238 
44 


15 


Turkey 


10 


Vietnam 


24,479 


11 


498 


2 


30 


23 


6 


38 


6 


23,860 


5 


Yemen (Sanaa) 


54 


1 


29 




17 


1 




2 




3 


1 


Other Asia 


143 

10,408 

57 


3 
237 


57 

3,447 

47 


1 
12 


50 
3,260 


12 
387 


4 
141 


158 


14 
287 


2 
2,330 




Africa 


149 


Cape Verde 


1 




1 






8 








Egypt 


1,345 


55 


888 


1 


181 


61 


38 


25 


49 


16 


31 


Ethiopia 


2,442 


10 


264 




190 


5 


13 


8 


3 


1,934 


15 


Ghana 


552 
264 


26 
3 


264 
63 


1 
1 


195 

136 


26 

31 


6 

5 


9 
9 


11 


8 

4 


17 


Kenya 


1 







See footnotes at end of table. 



20 



TABLE 9. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED WHO WERE ADJUSTED TO PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUS 

BY SELECTED STATUS AT ENTRY AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 

FISCAL YEAR 1986— Continued 



Region and country 
of birth 



Visitors 
for busi- 
ness 



Visitors 
for pleas- 



Treaty 
traders 
and in- 
vestors' 



Stu- 
dents' 



Tempo- 
rary work- 
ers' 



Exchange 
visitors' 



Fiances- 
(ees)^ 



Intracom- 
pany 

transfer- 
ees' 



Refugees 
and parol- 
ees 



Liberia 

Morocco 

Nigeria 

Sierra Leone 

South Africa 

Tanzania 

Uganda 

Other Africa 

Oceania 

Australia 

Fiji 

New Zealand 

Tonga 

Other Oceania 

North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Antigua-Barbuda 

Bahamas, The 

Barbados 

Bntish Virgin Is 

Cuba 

Dominica 

Dominican Republic 

Grenada 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

St. Kitts-Nevis 

St. Lucia 

St. Vincent & Grenadines 

Tnnidad & Tobago 

Other Canbbean 

Central America 

Belize , 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala , 

Honduras , 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

Other North America 

South America , 

Argentina 

Bolivia , 

Brazil , 

Chile 

Colombia , 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Peru , 

Uruguay , 

Venezuela 

Other South America 

Unknown or not reported 



377 
404 

2,413 
177 
733 
87 
142 

1,415 

1,582 

719 



271 

58,249 

5,259 

8,325 
39,391 
143 
275 
265 
139 
30,562 
68 

2,088 
155 

1,881 

2,572 
85 
102 
101 
769 
186 

5,225 
236 
436 

1,053 
806 
846 

1,297 
551 
49 

10,877 

1,036 
375 

1,121 
761 

2,476 
965 
813 

1,849 
260 

1,136 
85 



380 

25 



226 
246 
600 

65 
287 

47 



954 

343 
62 
186 
174 
189 

21,119 

2,439 

6,979 

7,491 

120 

213 

206 

109 

930 

49 

1,660 

120 

1,279 

1,883 

67 

79 

83 

565 

128 

4,179 

200 

331 

840 

690 

671 

1,068 

379 

31 

7,509 

682 
239 
703 
489 

1,752 
822 
639 

1,426 

207 

499 

51 



118 
76 

305 
62 
56 

135 
15 

459 



1,619 


1,372 


369 


725 


266 


125 


542 


467 


17 


3 



52 


27 


138 


291 


8 


3 


4 


10 


9 


6 


114 


18 


31 


7 


437 


51 


15 


2 


29 


6 



1,127 

360 
498 
169 

2 
5 



1,308 

1,019 
123 



12 

30,534 

164 

184 

30,032 



5 
29,536 



2 
153 



20 
136 



Includes spouses and children. 
Includes children. 
Represents zero. 



21 



TABLE 10. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED IN FISCAL YEAR 1986, BY CALENDAR YEAR OF ENTRY, 
TYPE OF ADMISSION, AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 





Total 


Jan. 


- Sept. 1986 




1985 










Adjustments 








Region and country 
of birth 


Total 


New ar- 
rivals 


Adjust- 
ments 


Total 


New 
arri- 
vals 


Adjust- 
ments 


1984 


1983 


1982 


1981 


1980 


1979 


Be- 
fore 
1979 


Un- 
kno- 
wn 




601,706 

62,512 

463 

620 
1.118 

554 

322 
2,518 
6,991 
2,512 
1,006 
1,839 
3.089 
1,261 

354 
8,481 
3.766 
5,198 
1,591 
1,098 

677 
2,588 
13,657 
2.011 

798 

268,248 

2.831 

1,634 

863 

13,501 

25,106 

307 

5,021 

26,227 

1,183 

16,505 

1,323 

3,790 

3,959 

3.081 

35.776 

496 

7,842 

3,994 

886 

5,994 

52,558 

275 

480 

596 

1,604 

13.424 

6,204 

1,753 

29,993 

420 

622 

17,463 

760 
2,969 
2,737 
1,164 

719 


297,710 

24,052 

167 
253 
127 
245 

125 

980 

3,495 

1,324 

170 

838 

1,495 

485 

144 

1.865 

2,436 

488 

740 

426 

276 

385 

6.147 

1,103 

338 

124,179 

104 
984 
577 
116 
15,765 
127 

2,874 

17,872 

421 

3,373 
321 

1.473 

1.858 

1,615 

23,295 

201 

146 

1,533 
351 

3.799 
32,780 
161 
220 
258 
695 

6,024 

1,705 
706 

4,130 
279 
416 

5,940 

526 
1,347 
246 
488 
360 


284,424 

20,941 

121 

189 

108 

215 

109 

741 

3,105 

1,214 

142 

684 

1,277 

382 

119 

1,690 

2,341 

448 

642 

326 

217 

331 

5,222 

1,007 

311 

119,316 

96 
956 
562 
106 
15,303 
112 

2,743 

17,463 

381 

3,004 
300 

1.263 

1,633 

1.560 

22.768 

188 

142 

1,350 
313 

3,692 
31,418 
138 
194 
237 
643 

5,734 

1,640 
642 

4,058 
271 
406 

5,355 

514 
1,231 
225 
456 
345 


13,286 

3,111 

46 

64 

19 

30 

16 

239 

390 

110 

28 

154 

218 

103 

25 

175 

95 

40 

98 

100 

11 

925 

96 

27 

4,863 
8 
28 
15 
10 

462 
15 

131 

409 
40 

369 
21 

210 

225 
55 

527 
13 
4 

183 
38 

107 
1,362 
23 
26 
21 
52 

290 
65 
64 
72 
8 
10 

585 

12 
116 
21 
32 
15 


146,864 

20,080 

161 

226 

387 

204 

128 

993 

2,512 

824 

309 

613 

1,069 

494 

135 

2.225 

1,091 

1.807 

484 

398 

229 

509 

4,400 

610 

272 

66,868 

924 
289 
204 

2,247 

6,701 
97 

1,152 

6.216 
318 

3.633 
274 

1,152 

1,120 
846 

9,305 
117 
744 

1,041 
190 

1,356 
13.315 
57 
128 
150 
388 

3,207 

1,374 
483 

9,607 
114 
119 

3,896 

209 
832 
628 
201 
170 


91,686 

7,328 

46 
76 
27 
61 

37 

292 

1,172 

456 

61 
206 
461 
133 

35 
779 
852 
139 
205 
105 

65 

95 

1,588 

339 

98 

38,694 

24 

241 

175 

27 

5,373 

29 

801 

4,958 

188 

1,077 

82 

376 

477 

549 

7,977 

48 

56 

424 

69 

1,010 

10.090 

19 

53 

88 

197 

1,876 

547 

239 

1,456 

95 

73 

1,700 

189 
413 
70 
156 
110 


55,178 

12,752 

115 
150 
360 
143 
91 
701 

1,340 
368 
248 
407 
608 
361 
100 

1,446 
239 

1,668 
279 
293 
164 
414 

2,812 
271 
174 

28,174 

900 

48 

29 

2,220 

1,328 

68 

351 

1,258 

130 

2,556 

192 

776 

643 

297 

1,328 

69 

688 

617 

121 

346 

3.225 

38 

75 

62 

191 

1,331 

827 

244 

8,151 

19 

46 

2,196 

20 
419 
558 
45 
60 


53,509 

9,427 

60 

66 

353 

58 

39 

299 

548 

147 

278 

197 

251 

160 

47 

2,080 

110 

2,121 

128 

165 

92 

447 

1,543 

125 

113 

34,352 

1,208 

58 

22 

6,497 

737 

35 

284 

770 

135 

2,634 

175 

545 

425 

213 

737 

65 

2,731 

494 

128 

323 

2.012 

28 

58 

64 

154 

1,226 

1,710 

171 

10,664 

8 

41 

2,783 

12 

301 

1,177 

75 

54 


21,888 

2,860 

31 
29 
93 
26 
15 

108 

171 
79 
93 
75 

100 
55 
7 

560 
60 

300 
74 
49 
34 

202 

626 
49 
24 

13,172 

189 

65 

23 

2,432 

459 

21 

186 

420 

88 

908 

171 

250 

221 

152 

656 

39 

1,036 

416 

66 

173 

1,123 

18 

28 

55 

135 

1.141 

553 

132 

1.993 

5 

18 

1,306 

3 

152 

219 

72 

28 


13,898 

1,594 

18 
14 
41 
11 
5 
66 
93 
46 
43 
44 
64 
28 
7 

316 
20 

126 
33 
26 
16 

119 

422 
24 
12 

8,086 

87 

95 

15 

909 

395 

8 

131 

381 

80 

628 

114 

131 

123 

86 

733 

30 

656 

121 

54 

107 

729 

6 

22 

25 

71 

806 

275 

60 

1,194 

7 

7 

1,094 

4 
106 
112 
85 
23 


10,935 

1,239 

7 
14 
25 

5 

3 
27 
51 
30 
25 
33 
34 
15 

4 
462 

8 
52 
16 
12 

7 

170 

209 

15 

15 

6,232 

55 

77 

7 

771 

394 

11 

115 

269 

51 

475 

72 

96 

86 

53 

526 

21 

813 

109 

35 

96 

575 

4 

5 

15 

45 

441 

166 

54 

787 

1 

7 

866 

4 
77 
95 
58 
18 


36,214 

977 

6 

7 

18 

1 

5 

12 

30 

12 

26 

12 

17 

5 

3 

212 

13 

50 

83 

8 

7 

291 

119 

32 

8 

4,852 

78 

35 

6 

175 

346 

3 

68 

110 

35 

433 

87 

76 

38 

40 

214 

8 

1.118 

95 

23 

55 

799 

1 

12 

18 

38 

273 

142 

46 

472 

3 

5 

593 

1 
102 
71 
60 
15 


6,843 

655 

4 

1 
11 

1 

12 

30 

22 

17 

8 

8 

5 

2 

137 

15 

27 

9 

11 

5 

230 

86 

13 

1 

4,193 

34 
15 
3 

145 

116 
1 
48 
71 
21 
1,987 
50 
28 
26 
32 

105 
9 

342 
80 
16 
37 

451 

2 

5 
29 
157 
99 
41 
242 
1 

295 

44 
25 
32 
11 


11,279 

742 

6 

10 
13 

3 

2 
20 
55 
24 
15 
19 
48 
14 

5 
177 
13 
20 
22 

3 
11 
114 
103 
35 
10 

5,189 

44 

16 

5 

42 

179 
4 

160 

117 
29 
2,366 
58 
38 
61 
44 

198 
6 

152 

105 
22 
42 

763 

5 

6 

43 

149 

138 

60 

326 

2 

9 

627 

1 
28 
115 
93 
40 


2,568 




886 




3 








50 








_ 




1 




6 




4 




30 




_ 


Italy 


3 








_ 




447 




_ 




207 




2 




_ 




_ 


USSR 


121 




2 




5 




5 




1,125 

108 








1 




167 




14 




_ 




3 




1 




5 




68 




1 


Israel 


1 




1 




_ 




7 




_ 




104 




_ 




1 




6 




11 




_ 




_ 




_ 




6 




_ 




42 




_ 




578 








_ 


Africa 


63 








_ 




49 








_ 







See footnotes at end of table. 



22 



TABLE 10. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED IN FISCAL YEAR 1986, BY CALENDAR YEAR OF ENTRY, 
TYPE OF ADMISSION, AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH— Continued 



Region and country 
of birth 



Jan. ■ Sept. 1986 



New ar- 
rivals 



Adjust- 
ments 



New 
arri- 
vals 



Adjust- 
ments 



Adjustments 



fore 
1979 



Un- 
kno- 



Liberia 

Morocco 

Nigeria 

Sierra Leone 

South Africa 

Tanzania 

Uganda 

Other Africa 

Oceania 

Australia 

Fiji 

New Zealand 

Tonga 

Other Oceania 

North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Antigua-Barbuda 

Bahamas, The 

Barbados 

British Virgin Is 

Cuba 

Dominica 

Dominican Republic 

Grenada 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

St. KItts-Nevis 

St. Lucia 

St. Vincent & Grenadines 

Trinidad & Tobago 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

Belize , 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama , 

Other North America 

South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Peru 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Other South America 

Unknown or not reported 



618 
646 

2,976 
323 

1,566 
370 
401 

2,194 

3,894 

1,354 
972 
610 
510 
448 

207,714 

11,039 

66,533 

101,632 

812 

570 

1,595 

270 

33,114 

564 

26,175 

1,045 

12,666 

19,595 

573 

502 

635 

2,891 

625 

28,380 

1,385 

1,356 

10,929 

5,158 

4,532 

2,826 

2,194 

130 

41,874 

2,187 
1,079 
2,332 
2,243 

11,408 
4,516 

10,367 

4,895 

699 

1,854 

294 



219 
246 
541 
114 
694 
230 
232 
697 

1,988 

597 
707 
263 
258 
163 

116,314 

5,151 

44,790 

48,762 

519 

266 

1,060 

111 

1,780 

407 

18,643 

675 

8,657 

13,424 

383 

330 

433 

1,725 

349 

17,538 

851 

684 

7,207 

3,289 

3,019 

1,179 

1,309 

73 

25,235 

934 

555 

1,041 

1,211 

6,953 

2,898 

7,904 

2,514 

346 

714 

165 



197 
179 
437 
108 
626 
222 
223 
592 

1,787 

483 
703 
221 
253 
127 

112,886 

4,320 

43,475 

47,837 

506 

228 

1,029 

98 

1,759 

402 

18,422 

662 

8,489 

13,149 

375 

325 

426 

1,636 

331 

17,189 

839 

650 

7,143 

3,230 

2,951 

1,116 

1,260 

65 

24,137 

819 

528 

906 

1,137 

6,716 

2,805 

7,802 

2,362 

321 

582 

159 



36 

3,428 

831 

1.315 

925 



1,098 

115 



237 
93 
102 

152 

25 

132 

6 



95 
198 
344 



60 
568 

1,101 

468 
224 
213 

83 
113 

45,187 

3,825 

17,347 

17,028 

195 

170 

362 

66 

1,052 
111 

6,357 
252 

2,574 

4,617 
147 
96 
121 
720 
188 

6,951 
345 
355 

2,931 

1,293 
928 
531 
568 
36 

9,732 

620 

242 

688 

532 

2,881 

968 

1,925 

1,073 

181 

541 

81 



36 
187 

525 

152 
182 
73 
66 
50 

36,579 

1,460 

14,733 

14,404 

163 

67 

301 

33 

793 

94 

5,665 

228 

2,296 

3,874 

113 

75 

108 

486 

108 

5,966 

310 

270 

2,733 

1,122 

735 

413 

383 

16 

6,860 

332 
176 
305 
345 

2,216 
746 

1,752 

684 

118 

136 

50 



576 

316 



63 

8,608 

2,365 
2,614 
2,624 

32 
103 

61 



13 
234 

80 
985 

35 

85 
198 
171 
193 
118 
185 

20 

2,872 

288 
66 
383 
187 
665 
222 
173 
389 
63 
405 
31 



276 

149 
14 
64 
20 
29 

4,624 

1,017 

913 

1,865 

24 

38 

43 

21 

360 

6 

536 

18 

190 

420 



13 
139 

25 
819 

36 
82 
138 
125 
186 
168 
84 
10 

2,047 

168 
50 
274 
108 
527 
143 
189 
302 
39 
235 
12 



433 
23 



22 

2,940 

500 

608 

1,275 

20 

16 

43 

12 

338 

8 

250 

23 

180 

266 

5 



1,494 

115 



53 
18 
469 
20 
48 



36 

1,981 

159 
393 
991 
12 
15 
29 



218 

221 

3 



1,015 

93 



22 

1,775 

94 
293 
839 

4 
14 



16 
288 
180 

5 



336 
28,325 

3 



1,339 

38 

307 

507 

7 



36 

3,864 

198 

1,530 

1,576 

27 

32 

30 

23 

854 

2 

136 

23 

132 

219 

10 



16 
464 



- Represents zero. 

NOTE; The year of entry for new arrivals Is the year entering as an immigrant. The year of entry for adjustments is the latest year of entry as a 
nonimmigrant or the latest year of entry in another temporary status. 



23 



IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY AGE AND SEX 
FISCAL YEARS 1976-86 



Age and sex 


1976 and 
TO 


1977 


1978 


1979 


1980 


1981 


1982 


1983 


1984 


1985 


1986 


Tola 

Un 


1 


502,269 

37,530 

39,849 

43,427 

48,436 

66,908 

82,237 

50,271 

32,550 

22,285 

18,209 

15,751 

13,122 

12,244 

9,350 

5,772 

2,566 

1,782 

233,146 

18,313 

20,114 

22,212 

22,848 

26,016 

39,315 

25,270 

15,931 

10,670 

8,362 

6,628 

5,059 

4,689 

3,772 

2,271 

997 

679 

269,143 

19,217 

19,735 

21,215 

25,588 

40,892 

42.922 

25,001 

16,619 

11,615 

9,847 

9.123 

8.063 

7.555 

5,578 

3,501 

1,569 

1,103 

100.0 

46.4 
53.6 

25.9 

25.9 
25.9 


462,315 

28,619 
32,040 
38,660 
45,263 
57,637 
69,399 
47,457 
31,899 
23,764 
19,684 
16,815 
14,102 
12,814 
10,901 
6,974 
3,624 
2,663 

216,424 

13,996 

16,398 

19,653 

21,968 

23,868 

33,540 

23,620 

15,400 

11.281 

9.144 

7,324 

5.691 

4,896 

4.348 

2.817 

1.449 

1.031 

245,891 

14,623 

15,642 

19,007 

23,295 

33.769 

35.859 

23.837 

16,499 

12,483 

10,540 

9,491 

8,411 

7,918 

6,553 

4,157 

2,175 

1,632 

100.0 

46.8 
53.2 

27.1 

26.8 
27.3 


601,442 

35,286 

51,840 

54,506 

59,928 

76,252 

94,940 

66,607 

42,337 

29,944 

22,775 

18,410 

15,252 

12,335 

9,959 

5,809 

3,061 

2,201 

286,374 

17,460 

26,621 

27,813 

29,581 

32,653 

45,607 

33,113 

20,942 

14,661 

10,820 

7,833 

6.265 

4.872 

3.942 

2.294 

1,157 

740 

315,068 

17,826 

25,219 

26,693 

30,347 

43.599 

49,333 

33,494 

21,395 

15,283 

11,955 

10,577 

8,987 

7,463 

6,017 

3,515 

1,904 

1,461 

100.0 

47.6 
52.4 

26.2 

26.0 
26.4 


460,348 

28,276 

35,464 

38,786 

46,811 

63,070 

70,457 

51,190 

31,331 

22,441 

17,074 

14,285 

12,919 

10,532 

8,656 

5,055 

2.569 

1,432 

219,536 

14,106 

18,052 

19,698 

22,611 

27,881 

34,804 

25,798 

15,209 

10,490 

8,037 

5,974 

5,270 

4,219 

3,632 

2,122 

1,115 

518 

240,812 

14,170 

17,412 

19,088 

24,200 

35,189 

35,653 

25,392 

16,122 

11,951 

9,037 

8,311 

7,649 

6,313 

5,024 

2,933 

1,454 

914 

100.0 

47.7 
52.3 

26.3 

26.1 
26.5 


530,639 

32,946 

40,555 

44,140 

53,429 

72,321 

83,475 

60,998 

35,817 

25,466 

18,633 

16.015 

14,430 

11,849 

9,999 

5,831 

3,021 

1,714 

NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

530,639 

NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 

26.3 

NA 
NA 


596,600 

35,791 
46,842 
54,969 
63,071 
79,015 
89,215 
68,395 
42.478 
29,345 
20,711 
17,385 
15,490 
12,764 
10,248 
6,094 
3,086 
1,701 

NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

596,600 

NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 

26.0 

NA 
NA 


594,131 

35,326 
47,461 
52,776 
61,391 
84,430 
91,590 
65,641 
40,275 
27,789 
20,390 
16,937 
15,296 
12,719 
10,388 
6,459 
3,226 
2,037 

287,874 

17,034 

24,133 

27,206 

30,905 

40,450 

45,958 

32,827 

19,637 

13,497 

9,425 

7,192 

5,906 

4,974 

4,187 

2,610 

1,209 

724 

284,576 

17,156 

22,208 

24,173 

28,762 

40,732 

41,683 

29,966 

18,934 

13.157 

10.194 

9.128 

8.792 

7.290 

5,794 

3,603 

1,866 

1,138 

21,681 

100.0 

48.5 
47.9 
3.6 

25.8 

25.5 
26.1 


559,763 

33,855 

40,632 

46,794 

55,405 

81,434 

91,438 

64.361 

40.145 

26,355 

19,167 

15,844 

14,383 

12,070 

8,404 

5,249 

2,595 

1,632 

271,966 

15,874 

20,482 

23,761 

27,530 

39,433 

46,772 

32,470 

19,845 

12,652 

8,816 

6,604 

5.494 

4.835 

3.523 

2,214 

1,038 

623 

264,975 

16.807 

18,911 

21,697 

25,939 

38,046 

40,264 

28,938 

18,655 

12,628 

9,593 

8,626 

8,299 

6,745 

4,599 

2,825 

1,457 

946 

22,822 

100.0 

48.6 
47.3 
4.1 

26.2 

26.0 
26.4 


543,903 

32,396 

37,540 

44,957 

53.655 

76.546 

87.463 

63,224 

40,501 

25,990 

19,893 

16,364 

14,787 

12,456 

8,624 

5,406 

2,650 

1,451 

274,896 

15,752 

19,336 

23,423 

27,582 

39.018 

46.918 

33.600 

20.695 

12.920 

9,571 

7,181 

5,903 

5,257 

3,692 

2,316 

1,126 

606 

269,007 

16,644 

18,204 

21,534 

26,073 

37,528 

40,545 

29,624 

19,806 

13,070 

10,322 

9,183 

8,884 

7,199 

4,932 

3,090 

1,524 

845 

100.0 

50.5 
49.5 

26.5 

26.3 
26.8 


570,009 

32.867 

37,717 

44,890 

53,769 

80,677 

94,284 

67,177 

43,339 

27,397 

20,647 

17,116 

15,826 

13,801 

9,503 

6,069 

3,083 

1,847 

286,141 

16,005 

19,387 

23,445 

27,286 

39,843 

49,941 

35,779 

22,320 

13,973 

9.957 

7.323 

6,442 

5,696 

4,159 

2,607 

1,290 

668 

283,868 

16,862 

18.330 

21.445 

26.483 

40.834 

44.343 

31.398 

21,019 

13,424 

10,690 

9,793 

9,384 

8,105 

5,344 

3,462 

1,793 

1,159 

100.0 

50.2 
48.8 

26.9 

26.7 
27.0 


601,708 




33.767 




39,720 


10 




47,152 






56,283 


20 




79,640 






95,318 


30 




72,449 






47,574 


40 




30,039 






22,469 


50 




19,161 






18,028 


60 




15,905 


fiS 




11,226 


70 




7,012 


75 




3,689 


80 

Male 

Un 


years and over 


2,276 
300,777 




16,629 




20,460 


10 




24,248 


15 




28,782 


20 




38,563 


'5 




49,998 


30 




38,41 1 


?5 




24,810 


40 




15,369 


IS 




10,851 


sn 




8.399 


55 




7.329 


60 




6.627 


65 




4,800 


70 




3,003 


75 




1,549 


80 

Fem 

Un 
5 
in 


years and over 

ales 


949 
300,931 




17,138 




19,260 




22,904 


15 




27,501 


90 




41,077 


'5 




45,320 


10 




34,038 


15 




22,764 


40 




14,670 


45 




11,618 


50 




10,762 


55 




10,699 


fin 




9,278 


fi5 




6,426 


70 




4,009 


75 




2,140 


80 

Unk 

P« 

M 


years and over 


1,327 


rcent distribution . 

'Aa\es 

-emales 

Jnknown 


100.0 

50.0 
50.0 

27.4 


Vlales 
^emales 


27.2 
27.6 



- Represents zero. NA Not available. 
NOTE; See Glossary for fiscal year definitions. 



24 



TABLE 12. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH, AGE, AND SEX 
FISCAL YEAR 1986 



Age and sex 



countries 



China. 
Mainland 



Dominican 
Republic 



El Sal- 
vador 



Germany, 
Fed. Rep. 



Total 

Under 5 years 

5- 9 years 

10-14 years 

15-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over . 



Males 

Under 5 years 

5- 9 years 

0-14 years 

5-19 years 

0-24 years 

5-29 years 

0-34 years 

5-39 years 

0-44 years 

5-49 years 

0-54 years 

5-59 years 

0-64 years 

5-69 years 

0-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over . 



30-; 



40-' 



50-i 



60-( 



Females 

Under 5 years 

5- 9 years 

10-14 years 

15-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over . 



Percent distribution . 

Males 

Females 

Median age 

Males 

Females 



601,708 

33,767 
39,720 
47,152 
56,283 
79,640 
95,318 
72,449 
47,574 
30,039 
22,469 
19,161 
18,028 
15,905 
11,226 
7,012 
3,689 
2,276 

300,777 

16,629 

20,460 

24,248 

28,782 

38,563 

49,998 

38,411 

24,810 

15,369 

10.851 

8,399 

7,329 

6,627 

4.800 

3,003 

1,549 

949 

300,931 

17,138 
19,260 
22,904 
27,501 
41,077 
45,320 
34,038 
22,764 
14,670 
11,618 
10,762 
10,699 
9,278 
6,426 
4,009 
2,140 
1,327 

100.0 

50.0 
50.0 

27.4 

27.2 
27.6 



13,501 

291 

1,379 

1,697 

2,178 

1,607 

1,503 

1,269 

891 

746 

566 

466 

286 

254 

198 

91 

39 

40 

6,560 

154 
712 
905 
1,137 
791 
679 
573 
393 
338 
251 
223 
127 
113 
91 
42 
15 
16 

6,941 

137 
667 
792 
1,041 
816 
824 
696 
498 
408 
315 
243 
159 
141 
107 
49 
24 
24 

100.0 

48.6 
51.4 

23.6 

22.5 
25.0 



1 1,039 

824 

923 

702 

762 

1.497 

1,976 

1,498 

1,064 

647 

380 

273 

212 

117 

82 

45 

23 

14 

5,314 

411 
458 
380 
349 
564 
941 
743 
563 
327 
200 
134 
118 
58 
34 
15 



5,725 

413 
465 
322 
413 
933 
1,035 
755 
501 
320 
180 
139 
94 
59 



100.0 

48.1 
51.9 

27.1 

27.7 
26.6 



25,106 

325 
926 

1,564 
1,803 
2,043 
2,423 
2,019 
2,368 
1,819 
1,597 
1,773 
1,821 
1,959 
1,476 
716 
315 
159 

11,812 

171 
498 
780 
967 
691 

1,046 
960 

1,134 
890 
807 
841 
761 
891 
756 
389 
157 
73 

13,294 

154 

428 

784 

836 

1,352 

1,377 

1,059 

1,234 

929 

790 

932 

1,060 

1,068 

720 

327 

158 

86 

100.0 

47.0 
53.0 

38.5 

38.9 
38.1 



11,408 

798 
787 
766 
838 
1,615 
2,053 
1,538 
893 
572 
425 
290 
272 
199 
173 
118 
42 
29 

5,226 

405 
403 
425 
401 
773 
992 
669 
371 
234 
166 
117 
96 
56 



16 

6,182 

393 
384 
341 
437 
842 
1,061 
869 
522 
338 
259 
173 
176 
143 
130 
74 
27 



100.0 

45.8 
54.2 

27.2 

26.1 
28.3 



33,114 

37 
1,945 
3,273 
2,316 
2,272 
2,458 
3,237 
3,601 
3,248 
2,545 
1,813 
1,673 
1,355 
1,204 
1,003 
693 
441 

18,474 

19 

1,025 

1,701 

1,262 

1,049 

1,373 

2,041 

2.330 

2,064 

1,540 

1,047 

923 

676 

552 

419 

277 

176 

14,640 

18 

920 

1,572 

1,054 

1,223 

1,085 

1,196 

1,271 

1,184 

1.005 

766 

750 

679 

652 

584 

416 

265 

100.0 

55.8 
44.2 

36.7 

37.0 
36.2 



26,175 

1,402 

1,992 

2,502 

4,052 

4,500 

3,801 

2,724 

1,748 

1,050 

771 

609 

464 

273 

162 

82 

31 

12 

12,720 

717 

1,004 

1,250 

1,936 

2,067 

1,973 

1,410 

868 

476 

339 

269 

192 

108 

56 

33 



13,455 

685 

988 

1,252 

2,116 

2,433 

1,828 

1,314 

880 

574 

432 

340 

272 

165 

106 

49 



100.0 

48.6 
51.4 

23.4 

23.5 
23.3 



10,929 

313 

897 

1,201 

1,117 

1,420 

1,912 

1,392 

843 

465 

346 

290 

250 

218 

129 

82 

35 

19 

5,139 

158 
436 
609 
534 
752 
949 
682 
361 
189 
155 
83 
82 
72 



10 

5,790 

155 
461 
592 
583 
668 
963 
710 
482 
276 
191 
207 
168 
146 
93 
64 



100.0 

47.0 
53.0 

26.4 

25.4 
27.3 



6,991 

476 

367 

228 

630 

1,947 

1,302 

674 

461 

328 

228 

92 

71 



41 

1,866 

245 
192 
108 
101 
158 
247 
220 
192 
148 
114 



12 

5,125 

231 
175 
120 
529 
1,789 
1,055 
454 
269 
180 
114 
48 
40 



100.0 

26.7 
73.3 

24.8 

27.6 
24.1 



5,158 

381 
338 
432 
550 
691 
824 
607 
402 
220 
146 
158 
142 
125 
78 
43 



173 
219 
272 
367 
453 
267 



2,697 

193 

165 

213 

278 

324 

371 

340 

214 

130 

92 

99 

92 



100.0 

47.7 
52.3 

26.3 

25.2 
27.5 



25 



TABLE 12. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH, AGE, AND SEX 
FISCAL YEAR 1986— Continued 



Age and sex 


Guyana 


Haiti 


1 

Honduras 


India 


Iran 


Jamaica 


Korea 


Laos 


Lebanon 


Mexico 


Total 


10,367 

473 
1,041 


12,666 

346 

1,029 


4,532 

309 
403 


26,227 

1,707 
1,290 


16,505 

362 
689 


19,595 

940 
1,812 


35,776 

6,959 
2,254 


7,842 

111 
936 


3,994 

125 
161 


66,533 


Under 5 years 


3,463 


5- 9 years 


2,902 


10-14 years 


1,228 


1,198 


479 


1,355 


746 


2,348 


2,319 


1,088 


203 


5,018 


15-19 years 


1,304 


1,268 


523 


1,717 


934 


2,644 


2,423 


1.115 


404 


6,438 


20-24 years 


1,164 


1,440 


636 


3,482 


2,321 


2,165 


3,604 


1,169 


863 


12,688 


25-29 years 


1,319 


2,335 


735 


4,398 


3,176 


2,641 


5,051 


944 


791 


14,035 


30-34 years 


1,105 


2,097 


510 


2,911 


2,310 


2,118 


3,014 


696 


391 


8,733 


35-39 years 


756 


1,179 


323 


1,945 


1,426 


1,594 


1,914 


432 


203 


4,694 


40-44 years 


522 


605 


175 


1,143 


866 


1,068 


1,487 


340 


138 


2,663 


45-49 years 


343 


359 


121 


1,094 


730 


703 


1,248 


266 


148 


1,591 


50-54 years 


310 


277 


107 


1.264 


702 


509 


1,210 


213 


147 


1,331 


55-59 years 


289 


209 


76 


1,307 


709 


376 


1,289 


140 


169 


1,086 


60-64 years 


260 


144 


62 


1,186 


634 


260 


1,266 


104 


120 


853 


65-69 years 


125 


85 


39 


774 


411 


189 


933 


147 


42 


488 


70-74 years 


71 


56 


15 


426 


253 


119 


502 


72 


46 


262 


75-79 years 


27 


21 


10 


166 


116 


53 


220 


38 


26 


175 


80 years and over 


30 


18 


9 


62 


120 


56 


83 


31 


17 


113 


Males 


4,923 

232 


6,699 

170 


1,972 

157 


13,248 

805 


9,446 

185 


9,289 

470 


15,242 

2,993 


4,168 

50 


2,495 

63 


37,885 


Under 5 years 


1,751 


5- 9 years 


530 


508 


195 


693 


370 


923 


1,115 


480 


84 


1,496 


10-14 years 


604 


569 


243 


677 


422 


1,107 


1,192 


579 


111 


2,567 


15-19 years 


660 


642 


255 


848 


538 


1,286 


1,214 


599 


219 


3,380 


20-24 years 


499 


711 


261 


1,380 


1,479 


988 


1,093 


665 


642 


8,176 


25-29 years 


630 


1,343 


332 


2,539 


2,011 


1,277 


2,014 


504 


593 


9,097 


30-34 years 


514 


1.254 


218 


1,717 


1,456 


1,010 


1,399 


410 


277 


5,188 


35-39 years 


364 


685 


131 


1,133 


787 


775 


908 


242 


116 


2.573 


40-44 years 


252 


335 


69 


631 


453 


506 


713 


166 


69 


1,377 


45-49 years 


159 


166 


38 


513 


323 


326 


625 


136 


64 


681 


50-54 years 


132 


120 


32 


489 


312 


251 


421 


114 


56 


470 


55-59 years 


133 


79 


12 


495 


318 


162 


402 


69 


62 


364 


60-64 years 


108 


60 


16 


561 


330 


86 


450 


46 


63 


341 


65-69 years 


52 


27 


6 


372 


199 


61 


394 


49 


20 


205 


70-74 years 


35 


18 


6 


247 


117 


32 


181 


35 


29 


112 


75-79 years 


7 


3 


1 


108 


61 


16 


95 


15 


17 


72 


80 years and over 


12 


9 




40 


85 


13 


33 


9 


10 


35 


Females 


5,444 


5,967 


2,560 


12,979 


7,059 


10,306 


20,534 


3,674 


1,499 


28,648 


Under 5 years 


241 

511 

624 

644 

665 

689 

591 

392 

270 

184 

178 

156 

152 

73 

36 

20 

18 


176 

521 

629 

626 

729 

992 

843 

494 

270 

193 

157 

130 

84 

58 

38 

18 

9 


152 

208 

236 

268 

375 

403 

292 

192 

106 

83 

75 

64 

46 

33 

9 

9 

9 


902 

597 

678 

869 

2,102 

1,859 

1,194 

812 

512 

581 

775 

812 

625 

402 

179 

58 

22 


177 
319 
324 
396 
842 
1,165 
854 
639 
413 
407 
390 
391 
304 
212 
136 
55 
35 


470 

889 

1,241 

1,358 

1,177 

1,364 

1.108 

819 

562 

377 

258 

214 

174 

128 

87 

37 

43 


3,966 

1,139 

1,127 

1,209 

2,511 

3,037 

1,615 

1,006 

774 

623 

789 

887 

816 

539 

321 

125 

50 


61 
456 
509 
516 
504 
440 
286 
190 
174 
130 
99 
71 
58 
98 
37 
23 
22 


62 

77 

92 

185 

221 

198 

114 

87 

69 

84 

91 

107 

57 

22 

17 

9 

7 


1,712 


5- 9 years 


1,406 


10-14 years 


2,451 


15-19 years 


3,058 


20-24 years 


4,512 


25-29 years 


4,938 


30-34 years 


3,545 


35-39 years 


2,121 


40-44 years 


1,286 


45-49 years 


910 


50-54 years 


861 


55-59 years 


722 


60-64 years 


512 


65-69 years 


283 


70-74 years 


150 


75-79 years 


103 


80 years and over 


78 


Percent distribution 


100.0 

47.5 
52.5 

24.9 

24.6 
25.3 


100.0 

52.9 
47.1 

27.0 

27.5 
26.4 


100.0 

43.5 
56.5 

24.5 

22.8 
25.7 


100.0 

50.5 
49.5 

29.4 

29.5 
29.1 


100.0 

57.2 
42.8 

30.3 

29.5 
31.8 


100.0 

47.4 
52.6 

24.7 

24.4 
25.0 


100.0 

42.6 
57.4 

25.4 

24.9 
25.8 


100.0 

53.1 
46.9 

22.8 

22.7 
22.9 


100.0 

62.5 
37.5 

27.1 

26.7 
28.2 


100.0 


Males 


56.9 


Females 


43.1 


Median age 


26.2 


Males 


26.1 


Females 


26.3 







26 



TABLE 12. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH, AGE, AND SEX 
FISCAL YEAR 1986— Continued 



Age and sex 


Pakistan 


Peru 


Philippines 


Poland 


Romania 


Taiwan 


Thailand 


United 
Kingdom 


Vietnam 


Other 


Tot! 

Ur 


1 


5,994 

499 

341 

267 

417 

846 

1.155 

780 

384 

254 

231 

241 

199 

180 

117 

53 

19 

11 

3,357 

247 

188 

145 

216 

460 

706 

515 

248 

146 

98 

103 

89 

86 

58 

34 

12 

6 

2,637 

252 

153 

122 

201 

386 

449 

265 

136 

108 

133 

138 

110 

94 

59 

19 

7 

5 

100.0 

56.0 
44.0 

27.8 

28.1 
27.4 


4,895 

191 
232 
312 
373 
588 
882 
679 
468 
285 
173 
137 
166 
162 
114 
77 
33 
23 

2,252 

96 

115 

167 

182 

249 

409 

328 

245 

124 

63 

60 

55 

58 

49 

34 

13 

5 

2,643 

95 

117 

145 

191 

339 

473 

351 

223 

161 

110 

77 

111 

104 

65 

43 

20 

18 

100.0 

48.0 
54.0 

29.3 

28.8 
29.8 


52,558 

2.840 
3,371 
4.081 
5.331 
5.505 
6.540 
5.861 
3.687 
2.106 
1.904 
2.072 
2.589 
2.679 
1.976 
1,228 
567 
221 

21,522 

1,474 

1,705 

2,023 

2,582 

1,837 

2.133 

2,215 

1,527 

855 

755 

744 

938 

1.040 

808 

529 

248 

109 

31,036 

1,366 
1,666 
2,058 
2.749 
3.668 
4.407 
3,646 
2,160 
1,251 
1,149 
1,328 
1.651 
1.639 
1,168 
699 
319 
112 

100.0 

40.9 
59.1 

28.8 

27.5 
29.5 


8,481 

187 

603 

539 

396 

657 

1,456 

1,650 

1,213 

545 

369 

288 

239 

165 

59 

52 

36 

27 

4,350 

91 

273 

287 

207 

297 

758 

904 

698 

302 

189 

131 

87 

64 

24 

16 

13 

9 

4,131 

96 

330 

252 

189 

360 

698 

746 

515 

243 

180 

157 

152 

101 

35 

36 

23 

18 

100.0 

51.3 
48.7 

31.0 

31.3 
30.6 


5,198 

220 

516 

438 

389 

300 

578 

731 

587 

376 

289 

204 

185 

157 

85 

85 

33 

25 

2,666 

100 

269 

219 

221 

157 

298 

389 

302 

197 

143 

112 

84 

66 

41 

42 

16 

10 

2,532 

120 

247 

219 

168 

143 

280 

342 

285 

179 

146 

92 

101 

91 

44 

43 

17 

15 

100.0 

51.3 
48.7 

30.8 

30.5 
31.1 


13,424 

611 

1,079 

1,090 

801 

1,006 

2,833 

2,890 

1,143 

450 

340 

247 

287 

293 

178 

106 

50 

20 

6,282 

318 

598 

624 

333 

434 

1,172 

1,404 

565 

234 

151 

96 

81 

109 

77 

53 

25 

8 

7,142 

293 

481 

466 

468 

572 

1.661 

1,486 

578 

216 

189 

151 

206 

184 

101 

53 

25 

12 

100.0 

46.8 
53.2 

28.4 

27.9 
28.7 


6,204 

2,141 

1,301 

203 

238 

325 

532 

530 

368 

174 

80 

55 

66 

90 

58 

30 

8 

5 

2,885 

1,135 

648 

107 

123 

117 

217 

202 

160 

67 

31 

12 

11 

20 

16 

13 

4 

2 

3,319 

1,006 

653 

96 

115 

208 

315 

328 

208 

107 

49 

43 

55 

70 

42 

17 

4 

3 

100.0 

46.5 
53.5 

7.2 

5.9 
10.6 


13,657 

687 

995 

882 

1,116 

1,894 

2,329 

1,832 

1.462 

956 

530 

335 

218 

141 

89 

76 

53 

62 

6,736 

355 

520 

463 

520 

643 

1,052 

1,000 

813 

572 

302 

192 

128 

75 

42 

23 

18 

18 

6,921 

332 

475 

419 

596 

1,251 

1,277 

832 

649 

384 

228 

143 

90 

66 

47 

53 

35 

44 

100.0 

49,3 
50.7 

27.8 

29.0 
26.8 


29,993 

681 

2.368 

3,825 

5.220 

4.563 

3.422 

3,036 

2,013 

1,327 

1,003 

664 

544 

471 

346 

270 

145 

95 

16,951 

324 

1,313 

2,169 

3,322 

2,919 

1,860 

1.578 

1.087 

727 

534 

334 

256 

187 

140 

103 

60 

38 

13,042 

357 

1,055 

1,656 

1,898 

1,644 

1,562 

1,458 

926 

600 

469 

330 

288 

284 

206 

167 

85 

57 

100.0 

56.5 
43.5 

23.1 

22.3 
24.7 


113,846 




6,068 




6,843 






7.168 


ic; 




8,986 






16.832 






21.914 


in 




15.617 






9,512 


•in 




5,464 






3,943 


sn 




3.084 






2.694 


fin 




2.130 






1.440 


7n 




991 


7S 




673 


80 
Mllf 




487 




58,837 


Un 




3,145 




3.536 


in 




3.596 


i«i 




4,476 


T\ 




8,344 


's 




12,400 


?n 




8.868 


Ti 




5.051 


-in 




2.818 


IS 




1,928 


sn 




1,401 


ss 




1,124 


fin 




828 


fis 




552 


7n 




360 


ys 




227 


80 

Fem 
Ur 
5 
10 
15 
20 
25 
30 
35 
40 
45 
50 
55 
60 
65 
70 
75 
80 

Per 

Mec 




183 




55,009 




2,923 




3,307 




3,572 




4,510 




8.488 




9.514 




6.749 




4.461 




2,646 




2,015 




1,683 




1.570 




1.302 




888 




631 




446 




304 




100.0 


Males 


51.7 




48.3 




27.7 


Males 


27.6 




27.7 







Represents zero 



27 



TABLE 13. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY MARITAL STATUS, AGE, AND SEX 
FISCAL YEAR 1986 



Age and sex 


Total 


Single 


Married 


1 -1 

Widowed 


Divorced 


Separated 


Unknown 


Total 


601,708 

33,767 


255,651 

33,767 


321,127 


15,786 


8,459 


628 


57 


Under 5 years 




5- 9 years 


39,720 


39,720 


_ 


_ 


_ 


_ 


_ 


10-14 years 


47,152 


47,107 


_ 


_ 


_ 




45 


15-19 years 


56,283 


51,089 


5,098 


51 


43 


1 


1 


20-24 years 


79,640 


33,312 


45,976 


96 


237 


16 


3 


25-29 years 


95,318 


23,285 


71,028 


185 


776 


43 


1 


30-34 years 


72,449 


12,387 


58,262 


249 


1,472 


78 


1 


35-39 years 


47,574 


5,665 


40,068 


335 


1,426 


79 


1 


40-44 years 


30,039 


2,753 


25,711 


388 


1,123 


63 


1 


45-49 years 


22,469 


1,816 


19,053 


576 


945 


79 




50-54 years 


19,161 


1,240 


15,984 


1,120 


744 


72 


1 


55-59 years 


18,028 


1,148 


14,107 


2,034 


658 


79 


2 


60-64 years 


15,905 


858 


11,707 


2,843 


437 


60 




65-69 years 


1 1 ,226 


653 


7,443 


2,781 


317 


32 


_ 


70-74 years 


7,012 
3,689 


442 
235 


3,994 
1,778 


2,402 
1,595 


159 
74 


14 
7 


1 


75-79 years 




80 years and over 


2,276 


174 


918 


1.131 


48 


5 




Males 


300,777 


137,661 


157,320 


2,154 


3,408 


210 


24 


Under 5 years 


16,629 


16,629 












5- 9 years 


20,460 


20,460 












10-14 years 


24,248 


24,230 


- 


- 


- 


- 


18 


15-19 years 


28,782 


27,606 


1,126 


28 


21 


- 


1 


20-24 years 


38,563 


19,574 


18,888 


34 


63 


3 


1 


25-29 years 


49,998 


14,676 


34,991 


53 


262 


15 


1 


30-34 years 


38,411 


7,632 


30,044 


49 


650 


35 


1 


35-39 years 


24,810 


3,238 


20,767 


74 


694 


37 


- 


40-44 years 


15,369 


1,436 


13,313 


59 


531 


30 


- 


45-49 years 


10,851 


800 


9,558 


93 


377 


23 


- 


50-54 years 


8,399 


456 


7,572 


94 


254 


23 


- 


55-59 years 


7,329 


329 


6,611 


161 


210 


17 


1 


60-64 years 


6,627 


233 


5,952 


296 


137 


9 


- 


65-69 years 


4,800 


160 


4,217 


309 


104 


10 


- 


70-74 years 


3,003 


94 


2.486 


357 


63 


2 


1 


75-79 years 


1,549 


57 


1.159 


299 


30 


4 


- 


80 years and over 


949 


51 


636 


248 


12 


2 


- 


Females 


300,931 


117,990 


163,807 


13,632 


5,051 


418 


33 


Under 5 years 


17,138 


17,138 












5- 9 years 


19,260 


19,260 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


10-14 years 


22,904 


22,877 


- 


- 


- 


- 


27 


15-19 years 


27,501 


23,483 


3,972 


23 


22 


1 


- 


20-24 years 


41,077 


13,738 


27,088 


62 


174 


13 


2 


25-29 years 


45,320 


8.609 


36,037 


132 


514 


28 


- 


30-34 years 


34,038 


4,755 


28,218 


200 


822 


43 


- 


35-39 years 


22,764 


2,427 


19,301 


261 


732 


42 


1 


40-44 years 


14,670 


1,317 


12,398 


329 


592 


33 


1 


45-49 years 


11,618 


1,016 


9,495 


483 


568 


56 


- 


50-54 years 


10,762 


784 


8,412 


1,026 


490 


49 


1 


55-59 years 


10,699 


819 


7,496 


1,873 


448 


62 


1 


60-64 years 


9,278 


625 


5,755 


2,547 


300 


51 


- 


65-69 years 


6,426 


493 


3,226 


2,472 


213 


22 


- 


70-74 years 


4,009 


348 


1,508 


2,045 


96 


12 


- 


75-79 years 


2,140 


178 


619 


1,296 


44 


3 


- 


80 years and over 


1,327 


123 


282 


883 


36 


3 


- 


Percent distribution 


100.0 

50.0 
50.0 

27.4 

27.2 
27.6 


100.0 

53.8 
46.2 

15.7 

16.5 
14.9 


100.0 

49.0 
51.0 

33.8 

34.8 
32.6 


100.0 

13.6 
86.4 

66.2 

69.2 
65.7 


100.0 

40.3 
59.7 

42.3 

41.6 
43.0 


100.0 

33.4 
666 

47.3 

44.0 
49.4 


100.0 


Males 


42.1 


Females 


57.9 


Median age 


13.3 


Males 


13 3 


Females 


13.3 







Represents zero. 



28 



TABLE 14 IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED AS ORPHANS BY SEX, AGE, AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 

FISCAL YEAR 1986 



Region and country 
of birth 


Total 


Sex 


Age 


K/lales 


Females 


Under 1 year 


1 -4 years 


5-9 years 


Over 9 years 




9,945 

103 

16 
32 
19 
10 
26 

7,679 

10 
40 

588 

46 

6,188 

19 

12 

634 
90 
27 
11 
14 

22 

21 

885 

13 

143 

102 

31 

19 

38 

14 

626 

5 

72 

147 

228 

135 

14 

25 

1 

1,235 

25 

193 

317 

550 

25 

11 

71 

39 


4,344 

42 

6 
14 
7 
3 
12 

3,201 

2 

17 

224 

28 

2.529 

9 

4 

321 

45 

13 

2 

7 

13 

7 

433 

7 
79 
35 
15 

9 
11 

311 

2 
39 
72 
118 
64 

5 
11 

1 

648 

8 

116 

165 

286 

11 

6 

30 

24 


5,601 

61 

10 
18 
12 

7 
14 

4,478 

8 

23 

364 

18 

3,659 

10 

8 

313 

45 

14 

9 

7 

9 

14 

452 

6 
64 
67 
16 
10 
27 
14 
315 

3 
33 
75 
110 
71 

9 
14 

587 

17 

77 

152 

264 

14 

5 

41 

15 


6,364 

36 

7 
15 
6 
3 
5 

5,078 

6 

415 
30 
4,429 
17 
6 
112 
57 

3 
3 

5 

4 

419 

4 

76 

21 

17 

1 

2 

1 

318 

5 

30 

57 

129 

92 

2 

3 

822 

7 

113 

250 

361 

13 

44 
32 


2,111 

33 

8 
10 
4 
6 
5 

1,596 

3 

21 

108 

14 

1,160 

1 

234 

24 

18 

7 
6 

7 

a 

251 

2 
31 
30 
9 
9 
6 
6 
187 

17 
58 
63 
30 

8 
11 

1 

216 

11 
33 
45 
93 
6 
2 
21 
5 


933 

23 

1 
6 
6 
1 
9 

658 

1 

12 

41 

2 

502 

1 
87 
4 
4 
1 
3 

3 

4 

112 

2 
15 
IS 

3 
6 
7 
2 
77 

20 
17 
23 
10 

1 
6 

133 

7 
34 
14 
65 
3 
2 
4 
2 


537 




11 




- 




1 




3 




_ 




7 


Asia 


347 




- 




7 


India 


24 




97 




2 




4 




201 




5 




5 




- 




2 


Africa 


7 




5 




103 




5 




21 




33 




2 


Haiti 


3 




23 




5 




44 




- 




5 




15 




13 




3 




3 




5 




_ 




64 




- 




13 


Chile 


8 




31 




3 




7 




2 




- 







- Represents zero. 



29 



IMMIGRANT NEW ARRIVALS ADMITTED BY SELECTED PORT OF ENTRY 
AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 
FISCAL YEAR 1986 



Region and country 
of birth 



All ports 



Chicago, IL 



El Paso, 
TX 



Los 

Angeles, 

CA 



San Fran- 
cisco, CA 



San 
Ysidro, CA 



Seattle, 
WA 



All countries 

Europe 

Austria 

Belgium 

Czechoslovakia 

Denmark 

Finland 

France 

Germany. Fed. Rep, 

Greece 

Hungary 

Ireland 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

U.S.S.R 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

Afghanistan 

Bangladesh 

Burma 

Cambodia 

China. Mainland 

Cyprus 

Hong Kong 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Iraq 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Kuwait 

Laos 

Lebanon 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Saudi Arabia 

Singapore 

Sri Lanka 

Syria 

Taiwan 

Thailand 

Turkey 

Vietnam 

Yemen (Sanaa) 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Cape Verde 

Egypt 

Ethiopia 

Ghana 

Kenya 

Liberia 

Morocco 

Nigeria 



376,110 

28,269 

167 

265 

135 

276 

146 

1.033 

4.277 

1.670 

203 

890 

1.738 

515 

154 

2,469 

3,193 

587 

847 

431 

282 

426 

6,810 

1,346 

409 

158,010 

120 

1,197 

737 

133 

20.676 

141 

3,544 

22,421 

569 

4,081 

382 

1,639 

2,110 

2,109 

30.745 

236 

198 

1,774 

382 

4,702 

41,508 

157 

247 

325 

840 

7,610 

2,187 

881 

5,514 

366 

479 

7,055 

703 
1,644 
295 
612 
455 
241 
242 
563 



13,095 



42 
300 
146 



22 
278 
220 



26 

1,227 

7 

182 

1,495 

12 

273 

45 

58 

102 

461 

3,503 

23 



401 
3,700 



95 
678 



1,741 



104 
222 
68 



46 
658 



32,427 

11 

22 

140 

26 

2,705 

9 

506 

1.675 

230 

850 

60 

203 

716 

240 

10.079 

25 

21 

278 

112 

444 

9,253 

27 

72 

76 

163 

3,115 

650 

113 

522 

21 

63 



881 

6 



27 
104 



124,190 
12,749 



34 


493 


80 


1.143 


9 


1.143 


11 


102 


9 


503 


36 


1.242 


34 


192 


3 


82 


19 


1.371 


11 


1.672 


14 


490 


105 


562 


8 


214 


12 


127 


6 


276 


429 


1.824 


6 


735 


16 


188 


594 


46,970 


- 


69 


2 


871 



1,068 

14,764 

78 

1,628 

149 

1,139 

343 

1.150 

6.746 

146 

70 

916 

76 

2,968 

2,607 

93 

33 

102 

411 

1,435 

425 

582 

1,119 

303 

184 

4,354 

640 
1,055 
96 
337 
217 
199 
169 
355 



33,148 
521 



254 

21 

6.914 

2 

1,091 

1,563 

129 

224 

9 

16 



93 

241 

11,997 



1,203 

269 

8 

2,826 

6 

119 

110 

16 
8 
2 

16 
1 



25,592 
10 



14,397 
271 



13,912 

1 

23 

109 

18 

1.363 

1 

316 

579 

19 

92 



13 
134 
13 
6.329 
2 
32 
24 



334 
290 



30 



TABLE 15. IMMIGRANT NEW ARRIVALS ADMITTED BY SELECTED PORT OF ENTRY 

AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 
FISCAL YEAR 1986— Continued 



Region and country 
of birth 



Chicago, IL 



Los 

Angeles, 

CA 



San Fran- 
cisco, CA 



San 
Ysidro, CA 



Seattle, 
WA 



Sierra Leone 
South Afnca 
Tanzania 
Uganda 
Other Afnca 



Oceania 

Australia . 

Fiji 

New Zealand 

Tonga 

Other Oceania 



North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Antigua-Barbuda 

Bahamas, The 

Barbados 

British Virgin Is 

Cuba 

Dominica 

Dominican Republic 

Grenada 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

St. Kitts-Nevis 

St. Lucia 

St. Vincent & Grenadines . 

Trinidad & Tobago 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

Other North America 



South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Peru 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Other South Amenca 

Unknown or not reported . 



146 
833 
283 
259 
779 

2,312 

635 
885 
294 
321 
177 

149,465 

5,780 

58,208 

62,241 

669 

295 

1,330 

131 

2,552 

496 

24,087 

890 

10,785 

17,023 

488 

400 

534 

2,122 

439 

23,155 

1,149 

920 

9,876 

4,352 

3,686 

1,529 

1,643 

81 

30,997 

1,151 

704 

1,211 

1,482 

8,932 

3,551 

9,554 

3,046 

439 

718 

209 



2,101 

171 

1,799 

41 

1 
1 



10,099 
1,164 



793 
20 



566 

20 
7 
238 
117 
130 



709 
144 
177 
137 



393 

226 



18 

7,477 

149 

3,077 

176 

1 



2 
4,069 

115 
110 
2,493 
1,080 
33 
160 
78 



1,290 

247 

9 

145 

93 
219 
141 

10 
380 



20,204 



229 
10,582 

90 

221 

117 

10 

2,053 

58 

1,149 



1,983 

4,017 

72 

103 

52 

505 

81 

9,289 

422 

632 

2,925 

1,818 

2,064 

598 

830 



8,685 

355 
612 
444 
784 
3,701 
790 
410 
974 
87 
402 
126 



102 
559 
134 
106 
385 



42,898 

285 

406 

41,707 

297 

27 

1,124 

30 

273 

125 

18,914 

728 

7,145 

10.788 

71 

140 

438 

1,441 

166 

492 



33 
388 



17,152 

390 

17 

494 

441 

3,284 

2,248 

8,638 

1,092 

268 

218 

62 



2,311 

111 

1,461 

3 



19,194 
613 



733 


4,087 


3 


249 


2 


50 


607 


2,270 


33 


696 


6 


345 


81 


459 



1,667 

93 
32 
24 
86 
824 
182 
47 
329 
31 



240 

1,473 

291 
550 
189 
300 
143 

38,607 

4,890 

21,893 

7,953 

258 

38 

72 

88 

96 

296 

3,036 

62 

1,646 

1,520 

333 

149 

42 

129 

188 

3,825 

330 

108 

1,306 

530 

1,086 

156 

309 

46 

870 

40 



178 
43 
268 
110 



- Represents zero. 



31 



TABLE 16. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH AND STATE OF INTENDED RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1986 



State of intended 
residence 



China, 
Mainland 



Dominican 
Republic 



El Sal- 
vador 



Germany, 
Fed. Rep. 



Total 

Alabama 

Alaska 

Arizona 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut 

Delaware 

Distnct of Columbia 
Florida 

Georgia 

Hawaii 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Kentucky 

Louisiana 

Maine 

Maryland 

Massacfiusetts 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi 

Missoun 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire 

New Jersey 

New Mexico 

New York 

North Carolina 

North Dakota 

Ohio 

Oklahoma 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania 

Rhode island 

South Carolina 

South Dakota 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah 

Vermont 

Virginia 

Washington 

West Virginia 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming 

U.S. possessions 

Guam 

Puerto Rico 

Virgin Islands 



601,708 

1,697 

1,115 

7,133 

929 

168,790 

4,739 

7,001 

585 

2.444 

48,600 

5,671 
7,814 

768 
26,093 
2.496 
1,309 
2,043 
1,049 
4,373 

941 

10,768 
15,120 
8,560 
5,189 

785 
2,912 

369 

787 
3,021 

834 

34,638 
2,234 
110,216 
3,317 
400 
7,215 
2,516 
3,820 
10,597 
2.684 

1.344 

233 
2,071 
42,316 
2,106 

351 
10,557 
9,470 

583 
3,364 

266 



1,950 
4,013 
1,512 



51 

6 

5,151 

142 

182 



2 
238 

43 



186 

153 
1,175 
49 
527 
2 
91 



19 
407 

77 
206 
646 
424 



137 
531 
152 
20 
327 
968 
5 



64 

54 

321 

23 

2,129 

165 

219 

12 

13 

1,265 



261 
109 



132 
401 
479 
163 
16 
100 



99 

351 

32 

1,062 

137 
51 

220 
62 

144 

216 



64 
604 
157 

69 
189 
541 



9,477 

102 

140 

14 

91 

328 

114 
593 

13 
705 

80 



484 
900 
193 
110 
22 



15 
106 



681 

32 
7,663 

56 

9 

245 

49 
257 
356 

57 



269 
404 



24 
2,254 



146 

255 

58 



140 
164 



107 
53 



25 
21,843 



431 
30 



219 
3 

4,368 

39 

1,024 



5 
108 



110 
788 



25 

2,678 

3 

17,379 

16 

13 



60 
299 



468 


1.081 


10 


140 


42 


98 


2 


18 


334 


25 


326 


472 



154 
6 



1 

615 
5 
1,746 
15 
1 
17 



253 
117 
40 
74 
100 
103 



160 
162 
217 
96 
40 
129 



585 
206 



66 
246 



13 
218 
169 



2,944 
116 



32 



TABLE 16. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH AND STATE OF INTENDED RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1986— Continued 



State of intended 
residence 



Guyana 



Total . 



Alabama 

Alaska 

Arizona 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut 

Delaware 

District of Columbia 
Florida 



Georgia ... 

Hawaii , 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Kentucky . 
Louisiana . 
Maine 



Maryland 

Massachusetts ... 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi 

Missouri 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire . 



New Jersey 

New Mexico 

New York 

North Carolina , 
North Dakota ... 

Ohio 

Oklahoma 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania .... 
Rhode Island ... 



South Carolina . 
South Dakota ... 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah 

Vermont 

Virginia 

Washington 

West Virginia .... 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming 



U.S. possessions 

Guam 

Puerto Rico 

Virgin Islands 



10,367 
6 



86 
288 



260 
76 



7,857 
32 



12,666 
2 



34 
2,657 



103 
835 



1,240 

2 

7,029 



21 
729 



107 
18 



235 
13 



4,492 

146 

418 

67 

53 

600 



141 


2,926 


10 


206 


10 


122 


16 


90 


3 


71 


553 


176 



850 
559 
800 
196 
67 
159 
7 
46 
55 



4,208 
306 



622 
179 



178 

2,028 

60 

26 

589 

287 

64 

153 

5 



8,127 
157 
125 
21 
78 
320 



20 
383 
105 

45 



595 
351 
218 
127 
21 
93 
4 
37 
71 



245 
194 
149 
232 



152 
1,186 
144 
4 
485 
185 
43 



204 
3,053 



587 
463 



189 

281 

278 

88 

9,829 

700 

234 

47 

52 

480 

637 
894 

46 
1,901 
225 
333 
207 
203 
163 

55 

1,706 
439 
923 
764 

65 
318 

71 
124 
253 
114 



468 


4,016 


49 


350 


- 


31 


116 


587 


5 


235 


4 


357 


510 


1,443 


28 


34 


9 


105 


1 


39 


6 


186 


213 


1,501 


1 


119 


6 


34 


89 


1,416 


11 


1,324 


13 


74 


39 


400 



201 

15 



3,220 
102 



128 
110 
36 
153 



19 
141 
73 



127 

111 
124 

24 

6 

124 

417 



153 
250 



2 

1,045 

15 



270 

541 



19 

40 

3,437 

52 

30,749 

957 
43 
15 
25 

749 

111 
22 

182 
4,920 

229 
83 

273 



12 


62 


17 


424 


23 


14 


166 


172 


5 


1,315 


303 


657 


33 


120 


1 


6 


221 


143 


30 


282 


25 


368 


83 


100 


19 


7 


4 


20 


3 


5 


19 


21 


308 


18,848 


5 


223 


1 


2 


117 


79 


34 


540 



33 



TABLE 16. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH AND STATE OF INTENDED RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1986— Continued 



Slate of intended 
residence 


Pakistan 


Peru 


Philippines 


Poland 


Romania 


Taiwan 


Thailand 


United 
Kingdom 


Vietnam 


Other 


Total 


5,994 
25 


4,895 

14 


52,558 

102 


8,481 

7 


5.198 

5 


13,424 
70 


6,204 

18 


13,657 
79 


29,993 
177 


113,846 


Alabama 


380 


Alaska 


7 


18 


297 


11 


4 


13 


15 


26 


22 


162 


Anzona 


38 


27 


328 


62 


118 


137 


41 


219 


403 


863 


Arkansas 


14 


4 


86 


32 


- 


15 


14 


59 


116 


169 


California 


1.124 


1,016 


26,081 


895 


1,567 


6,051 


2,686 


3.083 


13.613 


25.060 


Colorado 


55 


20 


225 


63 


24 


88 


66 


154 


434 


867 


Connecticut 


63 


85 


184 


464 


75 


78 


57 


411 


150 


1.920 


Delaware 


8 


3 


47 


11 


- 


36 


1 


42 


8 


139 


District of Columbia 


20 


24 


111 


7 


5 


19 


17 


48 


32 


925 


F lorida 


247 


583 


1,082 


226 


121 


186 


126 


1.063 


703 


7.341 


Georgia 


59 


40 


223 


40 


72 


183 


90 


298 


460 


1.316 


Hawaii 


5 


17 


4,508 


12 


1 


131 


49 


48 


296 


909 


Idafio 


1 


3 


59 


68 


17 


3 


4 


28 


45 


128 


Illinois 


546 


128 


2,996 


1,922 


594 


386 


213 


394 


527 


4.288 


Indiana 


47 


10 


182 


61 


15 


66 


33 


147 


88 


571 


Iowa 


24 


3 


84 


14 


3 


27 


14 


35 


82 


191 


Kansas 


41 


13 


94 


13 


8 


71 


22 


52 


296 


340 


Kentucky 


12 


7 


81 


8 


12 


14 


11 


41 


37 


263 


Louisiana 


70 


23 


199 


25 


4 


78 


37 


94 


731 


1.026 


Maine 


4 


7 


56 


25 


2 


13 


53 


45 


34 


132 


Maryland 


161 


154 


688 


104 


45 


314 


106 


312 


444 


2.434 


Massachusetts 


89 


57 


254 


235 


38 


228 


232 


575 


1.008 


4.728 


Michigan 


155 


12 


657 


365 


276 


209 


53 


258 


264 


2.232 


Minnesota 


30 


17 


184 


65 


56 


76 


209 


110 


474 


926 


Mississippi 


5 


1 


69 


- 


1 


20 


6 


38 


150 


188 


Missoun 


59 


17 


253 


52 


44 


76 


54 


122 


235 


702 


Montana 


1 


1 


42 


6 


- 


- 


5 


24 


22 


71 


Nebraska 


4 


- 


48 


30 


1 


14 


18 


33 


64 


182 


Nevada 


23 


20 


697 


32 


16 


76 


38 


84 


111 


459 


New Hampshire 


18 


3 


31 


19 


3 


12 


14 


70 


14 


160 


New Jersey 


423 


882 


1,787 


962 


192 


604 


78 


777 


479 


7.994 


New Mexico 


12 


12 


82 


7 


- 


32 


9 


68 


42 


236 


New York 


1,376 


1,143 


2,435 


1.547 


1,116 


1,572 


358 


1.790 


946 


26.141 


North Carolina 


48 


13 


195 


45 


12 


95 


45 


180 


201 


818 


North Dakota 


2 


2 


44 


17 


23 


7 


8 


24 


15 


100 


Ohio 


93 


19 


494 


145 


182 


260 


126 


363 


323 


1,739 


Oklahoma 


36 


11 


152 


18 


18 


53 


29 


79 


368 


461 


Oregon 


11 


9 


313 


10 


145 


51 


55 


104 


556 


602 


Pennsylvania 


122 


40 


571 


291 


85 


273 


152 


405 


796 


2,411 


Rhode Island 


3 


7 


98 


27 


5 


15 


91 


50 


23 


961 


South Carolina 


23 


1 


183 


4 


2 


32 


8 


107 


60 


345 


South Dakota 


2 


4 


24 


8 


7 


6 


5 


8 


1 


83 


1 ennessee 


10 


2 


135 


22 


13 


72 


49 


too 


111 


467 


lexas 


518 


149 


1,529 


247 


152 


1.024 


297 


778 


2,817 


5.529 


Utah 


30 


28 


94 


33 


15 


38 


34 


54 


147 


468 


Vermont 


1 


2 


8 


9 


6 


5 


4 


20 


- 


103 


Virginia 


206 


175 


1,252 


42 


25 


222 


159 


384 


828 


2.446 


Washington 


48 


25 


1,385 


100 


57 


216 


279 


194 


1.059 


1.236 


West Virginia 


14 


- 


78 


13 


1 


22 


10 


22 


11 


126 


Wisconsin 


42 


10 


186 


54 


11 


69 


98 


108 


125 


664 


Wyoming 


2 




35 


- 


- 


2 


3 


22 


9 


32 


U.S. possessions 






















Guam 




1 


1,515 






58 


5 


2 


33 


94 


Puerto Rico 


9 
8 


33 


11 
4 


6 


3 

1 


5 

1 




8 

18 


3 


440 


Virgin Islands 


1.278 







Represents zero. 



34 



TABLE 17. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY STATE OF INTENDED RESIDENCE 
FISCAL YEARS 1976-79 AND 1982-86 



State of intended 
residence 



Total 

Alabama 

Alaska 

Arizona 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut 

Delaware 

Dist. of Columbia 
Florida 

Georgia 

Hawaii 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Kentucky 

Louisiana 

Maine 

Maryland 

Massacfiusetts .... 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi 

Missouri 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire ... 

New Jersey 

New Mexico 

New York 

North Carolina 

North Dakota 

Ohio 

Oklahoma 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania 

Rhode Island 

South Carolina 

South Dakota 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah 

Vermont 

Virginia 

Washington 

West Virginia 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming 

U.S. possessions 

Guam 

Puerto Rico 

Virgin Islands 

Other or unknown 



502,289 

1,149 
650 

3,979 

746 

113,822 

3,142 

6,748 
624 

2,958 
31,820 

2,956 
9,671 

615 
34,740 
3,118 
1,432 
1,721 
1,229 
2,874 

779 

7,678 
15,760 
1 1 ,095 
3,482 

809 
3,076 

380 

861 
1,751 

656 

30,710 
1,783 
105,744 
2,308 
378 
8,336 
1,449 
2,686 
11,086 
2,587 

1,318 

270 

1,648 

30,429 

1,596 

351 
7,404 
6,606 

838 
2,781 

419 



3.107 
4,721 
3,372 



462,315 

871 

582 
3,708 

609 
98,937 
2,633 
6,726 

460 
2,622 
57,071 

2,835 
7,825 

460 
25,006 
2,094 
1,260 
1.451 
1,022 
3,279 

664 

8,134 
12,153 
10,851 
2,986 

681 
2,716 

417 

745 
1,987 

558 

33,499 
1,486 

88,811 
1,876 
370 
7,129 
1,351 
2,574 
9,068 
2,802 

1,005 

204 

1,453 

21,430 

1,339 

319 
6,556 
5,690 

709 
2,279 

218 



2,211 
4,739 
3,840 



601,442 

1,821 

797 

5,518 

1,893 

146,061 

5,401 

7,963 

666 

3,291 

39,428 

4,000 
9,053 
852 
33,638 
3,533 
3,004 
2,936 
1,540 
8,573 



9,781 

16,383 

11,520 

5,560 

1,091 

4,265 

492 

1,501 

2,240 

743 

32,973 
2,032 
100,542 
3,036 
v471 
9,178 
3,629 
4,646 

15,342 
3,050 

1,864 

483 

2,014 

46,752 

2,247 

365 

11,596 

10,952 

821 

4,321 

251 



2,444 
5,166 
2,831 



460,348 

1,112 
536 

4,609 

860 

118,880 

3,363 

8,956 
510 

2,446 
26,887 

2,914 
8,944 
544 
19,497 
2,580 
1,607 
1,713 
1,347 
2,193 
673 

7,874 

12,081 

10,335 

3,118 

564 

2,321 

337 

1.033 

1.742 

428 

26.465 
1.328 

94.401 
3.004 
271 
6,662 
1,978 
2,017 
8,966 
2,593 

1,522 

169 

1,414 

30,520 

1,952 

317 
7,638 
6,276 

710 
2,638 

211 



2,234 
4,215 
2,841 



594,131 

1,142 

704 

5,024 

1,810 

162,982 

5,182 

7,809 

381 

2,583 

24,233 

3,196 
8,557 

698 
33,558 
3,246 
3,726 
3,321 

930 
5,086 

807 

9,977 
11,584 
9,908 
9,192 

677 
2,990 

630 
1,401 
2,818 

539 

27,420 
2,533 

85,048 
3,200 
442 
7,529 
2,562 
8,233 

12,236 
2,256 

1,452 

407 

3,533 

47,679 

2,589 

355 

1 1 ,744 

13,168 

689 

4,268 

291 



2,137 
4,291 
3,115 



559,763 

1,980 

858 

5,444 

1,261 

134.791 

5.551 

6.577 

565 

2.789 

27,625 

6,719 
7,118 

591 
26,286 
2,857 
2,158 
2,270 
1,612 
4,198 

859 

9,768 
12,872 
8,441 
6,103 

616 
3.266 

327 

970 
2.389 

605 

26.372 
2,303 

93,159 
3,494 
483 
6,853 
3,268 
4,807 

11,567 
3,384 

1,504 

259 

2,146 

46,480 

2,391 

345 

10,372 

11,840 

623 

3,100 

259 



2,025 
3,339 
4,621 



543,903 

1,696 

970 

5,289 

1,104 

140.289 

4,656 

7,069 

592 

2,391 

32,364 

4,690 
8,981 

741 
26,617 
2,398 
1,564 
2,609 
1,073 
5.403 

798 

9.749 
13.418 
8.065 
5.243 

786 
3.186 

333 

984 
2.130 

772 

27.148 
2.258 
107,056 
3,207 
385 
6,254 
4,915 
4,342 
9,801 
2,666 

1,677 

293 
2,065 
42,180 
2,746 

406 
9,528 
9,234 

628 
2,469 

271 



2,062 
3,856 
2,489 



570,009 

1,516 

990 

6,131 

1,041 

155,403 

5,471 

6,948 

544 

2,708 

36,833 

5,452 
7,868 

658 
26,624 
2,388 
1,645 
2,363 
1,488 
3,822 

918 

10,118 
14,401 
8,276 
4,995 

684 
2,904 

385 

983 
2,778 

827 

31,074 
2,197 
104,734 
3,151 
404 
6,527 
2.964 
4.270 

10.294 
2,439 

1,591 

307 

2,130 

43,915 

2,335 

428 
11,224 
9,675 

561 
3,956 

308 



1,931 
4,682 
1,750 



601,708 

1,697 
1,115 
7,133 

929 

168,790 

4,739 

7,001 

585 

2,444 

48,600 

5,671 
7814 

768 
26,093 
2,496 
1,309 
2.043 
1,049 
4,373 

941 

10,768 
15,120 
8,560 
5,189 

785 
2,912 

369 

787 
3,021 

834 

34,638 
2,234 
110,216 
3,317 
400 
7,215 
2,516 
3,820 

10,597 
2,684 

1,344 

233 
2,071 
42,316 
2,106 

351 
10,557 
9,470 

583 
3,364 

266 



1,950 
4,013 
1,512 



- Represents zero, 

NOTE; State of intended residence was not available in fiscal years 1980 and 1981. See Glossary for fiscal year definitions. 



35 



TABLE 18. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY MAJOR OCCUPATION GROUP AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 

FISCAL YEAR 1986 







Occupation 








Profes- 


Executive. 














No occu- 


Region and country 


Total 




sional 


adminis- 




Adminis- 


Precision 


Operator, 


Farming, 




pation or 


of birth 




Total 


specialty 
and tech- 
nical 


trative, 
and man- 
agerial 


Sales 


trative 
support 


produc- 
tion, craft, 
and repair 


fabricator, 

and 

laborer 


forestry, 

and 
fishing 


Service 


not re- 
ported ' 


All countries 


601,708 
62,512 


234,107 
28,778 


42,104 
7,875 


21,269 
3,310 


12,255 
1,383 


19,706 
2,617 


26,773 
3,938 


53,252 
3,997 


11,606 
684 


47,142 
4,974 


367,601 
33,734 


Europe 


Austna 


463 


212 


65 


52 


9 


11 


31 


9 


- 


35 


251 


Belgium 


620 


254 


105 


68 


9 


25 


15 


3 


- 


29 


366 


C zechoslovakia 


1,118 


607 


136 


31 


11 


41 


111 


125 


3 


149 


511 


Denmark 


554 


307 


101 


59 


21 


40 


24 


12 


6 


44 


247 


Finland 


322 


163 


58 


35 


8 


18 


7 


9 


1 


27 


159 


France 


2,518 


1,135 


371 


241 


63 


117 


84 


33 


10 


216 


1,383 


Gemnany Fed Rep 


6,991 


2,849 


763 


325 


322 


574 


215 


101 


10 


539 


4.142 


Greece 


2,512 


1.082 


216 


117 


51 


36 


247 


155 


44 


216 


1,430 


Hungary 


1,006 


567 


127 


39 


23 


52 


100 


111 


1 


114 


439 


li eland 


1,839 


1,014 


300 


143 


44 


93 


141 


103 


26 


164 


825 


Italy 


3,089 


1,284 


242 


147 


60 


58 


256 


191 


43 


287 


1,805 


Netherlands 


1,261 


660 


182 


148 


36 


65 


53 


26 


13 


137 


601 


Nonway 


354 


165 


69 


29 


4 


19 


12 


8 


3 


21 


189 


Poland 


8,481 


4.649 


1.066 


126 


103 


227 


918 


1.215 


160 


834 


3,832 


Portugal 


3,766 


1.595 


81 


49 


54 


63 


402 


323 


265 


358 


2,171 


Romania 


5.198 


2.315 


513 


83 


52 


140 


380 


750 


11 


386 


2,883 


Spain 


1.591 


606 


176 


78 


27 


51 


77 


62 


4 


131 


985 


Sweden 


1,098 


529 


207 


108 


32 


53 


27 


21 


3 


78 


569 


Switzerland 


677 


343 


126 


56 


17 


37 


33 


9 


2 


63 


334 


USSR 


2,588 


927 


347 


63 


37 


73 


127 


144 


2 


134 


1,661 


United Kingdom 


13,657 


6,237 


2,269 


1.228 


354 


746 


456 


338 


32 


814 


7,420 


Yugoslavia 


2,011 


874 


235 


44 


34 


42 


151 


195 


42 


131 


1,137 


Other Europe 


798 


404 


120 


41 


12 


36 


71 


54 


3 


67 


394 


Asia 


268,248 


85,199 


21,538 


11,051 


5,276 


7,142 


6,625 


12,839 


6,938 


13,790 


183,049 


/Afghanistan 


2.831 


614 


83 


43 


54 


40 


40 


151 


1 


202 


2,217 


Bangladesh 


1.634 


639 


138 


107 


24 


18 


14 


34 


40 


264 


995 


Burma 


863 


375 


102 


38 


50 


26 


77 


56 


2 


24 


488 


C ambodia 


13.501 


2,851 


51 


14 


42 


50 


175 


1,425 


553 


541 


10,650 


China Mainland 


25.106 


12,315 


2,191 


1,060 


668 


790 


623 


2,760 


2,922 


1,301 


12,791 


Cyprus 


307 


130 


47 


11 


11 


14 


11 


11 


_ 


25 


177 


Hong Kong 


5.021 


1.628 


454 


282 


129 


260 


91 


164 


7 


241 


3,393 


India 


26.227 


8.448 


3,273 


1.405 


467 


594 


433 


353 


870 


1.053 


17.779 


Indonesia 


1,183 


397 


144 


79 


25 


46 


26 


9 


4 


64 


786 


Iran 


16,505 


6.665 


2.221 


1,060 


620 


593 


398 


523 


16 


1.234 


9,840 


Iraq 


1,323 


484 


149 


52 


43 


41 


50 


79 


- 


70 


839 


Israel 


3,790 


1,401 


504 


183 


153 


108 


152 


102 


12 


187 


2,389 


Japan 


3,959 


1.374 


341 


290 


67 


129 


57 


25 


10 


455 


2,585 


Jordan 


3.081 


1.005 


217 


127 


130 


67 


96 


218 


25 


125 


2,076 


Korea 


35.776 


5.923 


1.334 


1,270 


365 


819 


556 


624 


286 


669 


29,853 


Kuwait 


496 


77 


21 


11 


3 


11 


1 


11 


- 


19 


419 


Laos 


7,842 


1,676 


31 


11 


16 


32 


135 


1,065 


50 


336 


6,166 


Lebanon 


3,994 


1.343 


371 


213 


116 


99 


207 


93 


18 


226 


2,651 


Malaysia 


886 


395 


155 


76 


23 


50 


16 


14 


_ 


61 


491 


Pakistan 


5,994 


2.343 


525 


514 


180 


105 


149 


130 


116 


624 


3,651 


Philippines 


52,558 


19.495 


5.705 


2,520 


1,001 


2,214 


1,403 


1,380 


1.578 


3,694 


33,063 


Saudi Arabia 


275 


32 


10 


8 


2 


5 


1 


1 




5 


243 


Singapore 


480 


194 


74 


40 


14 


25 


7 


13 


2 


19 


286 


Sn Lanka 


596 


305 


127 


52 


9 


47 


17 


9 


- 


44 


291 


Syna 


1,604 


527 


154 


60 


47 


40 


95 


48 


10 


73 


1,077 


Taiwan 


13,424 


4,848 


2,126 


1,084 


475 


434 


106 


115 


63 


445 


8.576 


Thailand 


6,204 


1,302 


257 


169 


197 


147 


122 


85 


29 


296 


4.902 


Turkey 


1.753 


698 


219 


93 


40 


23 


130 


62 


19 


112 


1.055 


Vietnam 


29.993 


7.382 


470 


132 


286 


283 


1.422 


3,136 


299 


1.354 


22,611 


Yemen (Sanaa) 


420 


152 


1 


9 


8 


2 


3 


118 


3 


8 


268 


Other Asia 


622 


181 


43 


38 


11 


30 


12 


25 


3 


19 


441 


Africa 


17,463 

760 


8.376 

323 


2,079 

18 


1,082 

7 


568 


744 


426 


1,160 

142 
73 


36 


2,281 

123 
304 
477 


9,087 

437 
1.531 
1,454 

552 


Cape Verde 


2 


9 


22 
76 


Egypt 


2.989 


1,458 


544 


263 


94 


100 


4 


Ethiopia 


2,737 


1.283 


94 


63 


104 


98 


60 


386 


1 


Ghana 


1,164 


612 


126 


49 


28 


74 


59 


90 


7 


179 





See footnotes at end of table. 



36 



IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY MAJOR OCCUPATION GROUP AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 
FISCAL YEAR 1986— Continued 





Total 


Occupation 




Region and country 
of birth 


Total 


Profes- 
sional 
specialty 
and tech- 
nical 


Executive, 
adminis- 
trative, 

and man- 
agenal 


Sales 


Adminis- 
trative 
support 


Precision 
produc- 
tion, craft, 
and repair 


Operator, 

fabricator, 

and 

laborer 


Farming, 
forestry, 

and 
fishing 


Service 


No occu- 
pation or 
not re- 
ported ' 




719 
618 
646 

2.976 
323 

1,566 
370 
401 

2,194 

3,894 

1,354 
972 
610 
510 
448 

207,714 

11,039 

66,533 

101,632 

812 

570 

1,595 

270 

33,114 

564 

26,175 

1,045 

12,666 

19,595 

573 

502 

635 

2,891 

625 

26,380 

1,385 

1,356 

10,929 

5,158 

4,532 

2,826 

2,194 

130 

41,874 

2,187 
1,079 
2,332 
2,243 

11,408 
4,516 

10,367 

4,895 

699 

1,854 

294 

3 


371 
275 
291 
1,595 
161 
747 
188 
220 
852 

1,902 

700 
552 
344 
188 
118 

94,987 

5,214 

30,999 

46,641 

429 

185 

784 

101 

16.281 

281 

10,757 

558 

6,074 

8,864 

319 

231 

328 

1.152 

297 

12,055 

671 

485 

5.237 

2.187 

1,707 

1,038 

730 

78 

14,864 

870 

427 

852 

837 

3,361 

1,723 

3,891 

1,950 

336 

527 

90 

1 


118 
64 
71 

326 
36 

315 
41 
60 

266 

492 

300 
42 

121 
10 
19 

7,705 

1.751 

1.114 

3,874 

57 

47 

91 

15 

689 

46 

949 

57 

394 

1,202 

32 

17 

42 

184 

52 

939 

91 

79 

186 

199 

121 

136 

127 

27 

2,414 

260 
103 
248 
199 
445 
162 
490 
240 

38 
206 

23 

1 


83 
31 
53 

109 
9 

193 
61 
34 

127 

212 

113 
38 
48 

7 
6 

4,384 

971 

809 

1,976 

14 

18 

40 

5 

393 
9 

566 
17 

218 

541 
16 
11 
13 
94 
21 

615 
47 
31 

145 

132 
99 

107 
54 
13 

1,230 

99 
30 
90 
90 
253 
95 
271 
170 
35 
87 
10 


1 
29 
99 
8 
56 
17 
25 
63 

114 

43 

44 

20 

2 

5 

4,028 

396 

785 

2,247 

30 

12 

44 

7 

944 
19 

423 
27 

168 

442 

20 

9 

9 

75 

18 

591 
26 
31 

242 
83 
54 

107 

48 

9 

886 

59 

14 

49 

59 

245 

141 

170 

95 

17 

31 

6 


43 
31 
22 
114 
24 
79 
36 
31 
84 

209 

72 
69 
46 

7 
15 

7,240 

528 

991 

4,491 

70 

38 

87 

18 

1,281 

30 

782 

65 

381 

1.376 

59 

39 

52 

174 

39 

1,220 

127 

70 

318 

192 

159 

190 

164 

10 

1,754 

70 

54 

95 

100 

292 

175 

540 

329 

20 

66 

13 


18 
11 
24 
38 

11 
27 
11 
16 
53 

167 

36 
77 
30 
14 
10 

13,431 

336 

3,691 

7,764 

66 

11 

118 

14 

2,728 

50 

1,556 

108 

1,050 

1,679 

57 

44 

57 

182 

44 

1,635 

107 

60 

690 

324 

241 

116 

97 

5 

2,186 

141 

45 

65 

99 

507 

345 

658 

225 

62 

29 

10 


28 
31 
15 
243 
14 
18 
7 
31 
82 

180 

29 
45 
30 
46 
30 

32,300 

443 

16,382 

12,607 

48 

15 

106 

7 

6,773 

40 

2,363 

60 

1,784 

1,109 

41 

35 

32 

154 

40 

2,862 

89 

106 

1,191 

607 

632 

153 

84 

6 

2,776 

77 

35 

75 

113 

807 

446 

685 

424 

75 

32 

7 


4 
2 
1 
2 

3 
3 

8 

89 

9 
25 

6 
39 
10 

3,548 

58 

2,278 

1,055 

10 

5 

12 

1 

92 

13 

412 

7 

156 

305 

7 

12 

6 

15 

2 

154 

9 

9 

68 

44 

6 

13 

5 

3 

311 

9 

3 

3 

4 

35 

20 

218 

13 

3 

3 


42 
97 
76 

664 
59 
56 
12 
23 

169 

439 

98 
212 
43 
63 
23 

22,351 

731 

4,949 

12,627 

134 

39 

286 

34 

3,381 

74 

3,706 

217 

1,923 

2,210 

87 

64 

117 

274 

81 

4,039 

175 

99 

2,397 

606 

395 

216 

151 

5 

3,307 

155 
143 
227 
173 
777 
339 
859 
454 
86 
76 
18 


348 




343 




355 




1,381 




162 




819 




182 




181 




1,342 




1,992 




654 


Fiji 


420 




266 




322 




330 




112,727 




5,825 




35.534 




54,991 




383 




385 




811 




169 




16,833 




283 




15.418 




487 


Haiti 


6.592 




10.731 


St. Kitts-Nevis 


254 


St Lucia 


271 


St. Vincent & Grenadines .... 


307 
1,739 




328 




16,325 




714 




871 




5,692 




2,971 




2,825 




1,788 




1,464 




52 




27,010 




1,317 




652 




1,480 


Chile 


1,406 




8.047 




2.793 




6.476 




2.945 




363 




1,327 




204 




2 







' Includes homemakers, students, unemployed or retired persons, and others not reporting or with an unknown occupation. 
- Represents zero. 



37 



TABLE 19. IMMIGRANT BENEFICIARIES OF OCCUPATIONAL PREFERENCES ADMITTED 

BY TYPE OF ADMISSION AND OCCUPATION 

FISCAL YEAR 1986 



Occupation 



Beneficiaries of occupational preferences 



3rd pref. 
new arrivals 



3rd pref. 
adjustments 



6tfi pref. 
new arrivals 



6th pref. 
adjustments 



All other 
immigrants 



All occupations 

Professional specialty and technical occupations . 

Architects 

Engineers, surveyors, and mapping scientists 

Mathematical and computer scientists 

Natural scientists 

Health diagnosticians 

Doctors 

Others 

Health assessment and treating personnel 

Nurses 

Others 

Teachers (postsecondary) 

Teachers (except postsecondary) 

Counselors (educational and vocational) 

Librarians, archivists, and curators 

Social scientists and urban planners 

Social, recreation, and religious workers 

Lawyers and judges 

Wnters. artists, entertainers, and athletes 

Technologists and technicians (health) 

Technologists and technicians (except health) 

Executive, administrative and managerial occupations 

Sales occupations 

Administrative support occupations (including clerical) 

Precision production, craft, and repair occupations 

Operator, fabricator, and laborer occupations 

Farming, forestry, and fishing occupations 

Service occupations 

No occupation 

Homemal<er 

Unemployed or retired 

Students and/or children under age 16 

Unknown or not reported 



601,708 

42,104 

625 
8,389 
1,042 
1,315 
3,423 
2,524 

899 
6,184 
4,619 
1,565 
2,717 
5,694 

133 

181 

495 
1,784 

533 
3,922 

842 
4,825 

21,269 
12,255 
19,706 
26,773 
53,252 
11,606 
47,142 

338,801 
83,294 
69,424 

186,083 
28,800 



23,162 

9,635 

128 

3,323 

538 

528 

386 

267 

119 

1,605 

1,280 

325 

1,021 

419 

15 

21 

76 



772 

4,079 
337 
516 

1,722 

542 

91 

4,771 



3,342 

2,481 

58 
831 
142 
149 
183 
148 



473 

374 



8,421 

5,457 

64 
2,339 
354 
365 
175 
102 

73 
391 
242 
149 
718 
260 
9 



8,728 
1,189 



500 

467 



162 

847 
220 
256 

1,463 

459 

74 

4,154 



2,671 



241 

197 



91 
145 
46 



578,546 

32,469 

497 

5,066 

504 

787 

3,037 

2,257 

780 

4,579 

3,339 

1,240 

1,696 

5,275 

118 

160 

419 

1,573 

491 

3,469 

745 

4,053 

17,190 
11,918 
19,190 
25,051 
52,710 
11,515 
42,371 

338,801 
83,294 
69,424 

186,083 
27,331 



- Represents zero. 



38 



TABLES 20-36 



REFUGEES 
ASYLEES 



TABLE 20. REFUGEE-STATUS APPLICATIONS 
FISCAL YEARS 1980-86 



Year 


Applications pending 


Applications filed 


Applications approved 


Applications denied 


Applications othenwise 


Applications pending 


beginning of year 


during year 


during year 


during year 


closed during year 


end of year 


1980 (April-September) . 


16,642 


1 1 1 ,883 


89,580 


6,149 


1,197 


14,957 


1981 


14.957 


193,230 


155,291 


15,322 


3,998 


18,619 


1982 


18,619 


94,769 


61,527 


14,943 


6,631 


1 1 ,668 


1983 


11,668 


104,190 


73,645 


20,255 


2,489 


7,801 


1984 


7,801 


107,437 


77,932 


16,220 


604 


12,681 


1985 


12,681 


93,415 


59,436 


18,430 


1,842 


13,707 


1986 


13,707 


81,017 


52,081 


9,679 


3,362 


15,895 



NOTE: The Refugee Act of 1980 went into effect on Apnl 1, 1980 



TABLE 21. REFUGEE-STATUS APPLICATIONS BY GEOGRAPHIC AREA AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CHARGEABILITY 

FISCAL YEAR 1986 



Geograpfiic area 
and country of 
chargeability 



Applications pending 
beginning of year 



Applications filed 
during year 



Applications approved 
during year 



Applications denied 
during year 



Applications otherwise 
closed during year 



Applications pending 
end of year 



All countries 

Africa 

Angola 

Ethiopia 

Lesotho 

Namibia 

South Africa 

Zaire 

Other Africa 

East Asia 

Cambodia 

China, Mainland 

Hong Kong 

Laos 

Vietnam 

Eastern Europe and 
U.S.S.R 

Albania 

Bulgaria 

Czechoslovakia 

Hungary 

Poland 

Romania 

U.S.S.R 

Yugoslavia 

Latin America 

Cuba 

Other Latin America 

Near East 

Afghanistan 

Iran 

Iraq 

Other Near East 



13,707 



687 
9 



8,376 

61 

99 

1,175 

735 

4,533 

1,652 

65 

56 



4,359 

1,652 

2,218 

485 



81,017 

3,671 

176 
3,141 



121 
109 
46 

39,734 

2,996 

17 

278 

15,536 

20,907 



22,644 

206 

329 

3,098 

2,127 

10,581 

5,279 

901 

123 

111 

105 
6 

14,857 

5,345 

8,799 

691 

22 



52,081 

1,329 

7 
1,285 

4 
12 



35,193 

2,084 

13 

201 

13,421 

19,474 



9,515 

84 

154 

1,461 

662 

3,734 

2,630 

789 

1 



5,997 

2,450 

3,231 

304 

12 



877 

74 

784 

3 



4,490 

908 



2,105 
1,396 



2,294 

26 
46 
292 
340 
1,156 
379 
7 
48 



2,011 

755 

1,229 

26 

1 



2,378 

45 

33 

294 

285 

1,254 

421 

19 

27 



768 

79 

524 
165 



8,457 

51 

96 

1,051 

840 

4,437 

1,849 

86 

47 



6,081 

2,061 

3,815 

196 



- Represents zero. 



41 



TABLE 22. REFUGEE APPROVALS AND ADMISSIONS BY GEOGRAPHIC AREA OF CHARGEABILITY 

FISCAL YEARS 1980-86 



Geographic area of chargeability 



Authorized admissions 

Africa 

East Asia ... 

Eastern Europe & U S S R 
Latin America & Caribbean 
Near East .. 

Approvals 

Africa 

East Asia 

Eastern Europe & U.S.S.R. .. 
Latin Annerica & Caribbean .. 
Near East 

Admissions' 

Africa 

East Asia 

Eastern Europe & U.S.S.R. .. 
Latin Amenca & Caribbean .. 

Near East 

Unl(nown 



231,700 

1,500 
169,200 
38,000 
20,500 

2,500 

206,912 

1,174 

161,132 

33,960 

7,692 

2,954 

NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 



217,000 

3,000 
165,600 
39,900 
4,000 
4,500 

155,291 

3,784 

124,719 

18,845 

1,210 

6,733 

NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 



140,000 

3,500 
96,000 
31,000 
3,000 
6,500 

61,527 

4,198 

37,481 

13,778 

580 

5,490 

93,252 

3,259 

69,712 

13,438 

453 

6,350 

40 



90,000 

3,000 
64,000 
15,000 
2,000 
6,000 

73,645 

2,642 

51,476 

13,382 

710 

5,435 

57,064 

2,382 

35,861 

12,986 

724 

5,110 

1 



72,000 

2,750 
52,000 
11,000 
1,000 
5,250 

77,932 

2,743 

58,697 

10,917 

156 

5,419 

67,750 

2,704 

49,154 

10,497 

152 

5,242 

1 



70,000 

3,000 
50,000 
10,000 
1,000 
6,000 

59,436 

1,943 
39,628 
9,999 
1,868 
5,998 

62,477 

1,952 

44,972 

9,720 

159 

5,674 



67,000 

3,000 
45,500 
9,500 
3.000 
6,000 

52,081 

1,329 

35,193 

9,515 

47 

5,997 

58,329 

1,279 

41,673 

9,270 

48 

6,059 



Admissions may be higher than approvals because of the arrival of persons approved in previous years. 
Represents zero. NA Not available 



REFUGEE ARRIVALS INTO THE UNITED STATES BY SELECTED NATIONALITY 
FISCAL YEARS 1982-86 



Nationality 


1982 


1983 


1984 


1985 


1986 




93,252 

4,282 

15 

117 

19,832 

453 

697 
3,050 

534 

16 

1,986 

9,215 
6,312 
2,907 
2,747 
40.604 

485 


57,064 

2,475 

61 

158 

11,161 

723 

1,191 
2,275 
651 
1,017 
1,577 

2,631 
5,520 
3,758 
1,363 
21,463 

1,040 


67,750 

2,231 

45 

137 

17,785 

81 

773 
2,347 

519 
2.812 

152 

7,423 
3.794 
4.281 
803 
23,372 

1.195 


62,477 

2,094 

43 

122 

16.647 

158 

959 
1.773 

545 
3.292 

244 

4.724 
2.806 
4,488 
643 
22.831 

1,108 


58,329 




2,478 




78 




148 




9.133 


Cuba 


43 




1,447 




1.248 




635 




3.246 




311 




11.130 




3,617 




2,573 


U.S.S.R 


744 




20,821 


Other 


677 



NOTE: Data for fiscal years 1980-81 are not available. 



42 



TABLE 24. REFUGEES GRANTED LAWFUL PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUS IN FISCAL YEAR 1986 
BY CALENDAR YEAR OF ENTRY AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 



Region and country 
of birth 



Before 
1979 



Unknown 
or not re- 
ported 



All countries 

Europe 

Bulgaria 

Czechoslovakia 

Germany, Federal Rep. 

Hungary 

Poland 

Romania 

Spain 

U.S.S.R 

Other Europe 

Asia 

Afghanistan 

Cambodia 

China, Mainland 

Hong Kong 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Iraq , 

Laos , 

Malaysia 

Philippines 

Thailand 

Vietnam 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Ethiopia 

Sudan 

Other Africa 

North America 

Caribbean , 

Cuba 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

Other North America .... 

South America 

Unknown or not reported 



11,186 

128 

821 
94 

492 
3,573 
4,190 

113 
1,589 

186 

55,265 

2,442 

13,298 

606 

117 

148 

2,867 

344 

7,552 

81 

437 

3,239 

23,925 

209 

2,248 

1.930 
121 
197 

30,501 
30,344 

30,326 
18 
112 

45 



149 
893 

1,579 



66 

14,299 

884 

2,192 

237 

32 

28 

1,391 

107 

647 

18 

94 

641 

7,985 

43 

626 

518 



207 
198 

197 



30,879 

4,693 

47 

326 

58 

212 

1,627 

2,020 

19 

328 

56 

24,519 

1,178 

6.479 

270 

46 

63 

1,256 

86 

2,708 

36 

218 

1,594 

10,524 

61 

1,263 

1.101 
63 
99 

362 
342 

339 



7,857 



356 
249 



6,397 

161 
2,425 



137 

101 

1,022 

8 

65 

460 

1,944 



180 

161 



346 
322 

320 



3,836 



10 

31 

3 

27 

653 

4 

31 

200 

1,159 



249 
232 

232 



2,976 



3 
144 



5 
811 

5 

13 

118 

751 

5 



147 
138 

138 



67 
262 



446 
39 



27,663 
27,606 

27,598 



1,282 
243 

3 
1 



70 

232 

19 



207 
200 

198 



1,524 



15 
302 



857 
847 

847 



2,527 



455 

202 

2 

121 

15 

1,118 

108 

170 

12 

3 

5 

67 



43 
582 



463 
4S9 

457 



- Represents zero. 



43 



REFUGEES GRANTED LAWFUL PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUS BY 
SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH, AGE, AND SEX 
FISCAL YEAR 1986 



Age and sex 



All 
countries 



Afghanistan 



China, 
Mainland 



Cuba 



Czecho- 
slovakia 



Ethiopia 



Hungary 



Total 

Under 5 years 

5-9 years 

10-14 years 

15-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70 years and over . 



Males 

Under 5 years 

5-9 years 

10-14 years 

15-19 years 

1-24 years 

p-29 years 

1-34 years 

i-39 years 

1-44 years 

i-49 years 

1-54 years 

i-59 years 

1-64 years 

i-69 years 

70 years and over . 



25 



35 



30-: 



Females 

Under 5 years 

5-9 years 

10-14 years 

15-19 years 

20-24 years 

5-29 years 

0-34 years 

5-39 years 

0-44 years 

5-49 years 

0-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70 years and over . 



Percent distribution . 

Males 

Females 

Median age 

Males 

Females 



99,383 

4,652 

9,061 

10,174 

11,150 

11,140 

10,652 

10,279 

8,225 

6,206 

4,657 

3,256 

2,670 

2,198 

1,934 

3,129 

55,584 

2.391 
4,787 
5,526 
6,584 
6.559 
6.032 
6.018 
4,895 
3.666 
2,684 
1.834 
1,444 
1,045 
861 
1.258 

43,799 

2.261 
4.274 
4.648 
4.566 
4.581 
4.620 
4.261 
3.330 
2.540 
1.973 
1.422 
1.226 
1.153 
1.073 
1.871 

100.0 

55.9 
44.1 

26.7 

26.7 
26.6 



2,442 

98 
268 
243 
325 
357 
345 
228 
150 
100 

75 



1,350 

53 
154 
120 
192 
219 
185 
140 



1,092 

45 
114 
123 
133 
138 
160 



100.0 

55.3 
44.7 

24.1 

23.5 
24.7 



13,298 

291 

1,378 

1,685 

2,161 

1.580 

1.456 

1.245 

871 

734 

558 

461 

279 

244 

191 

164 

6,453 

154 
711 
898 
1.129 
780 
651 
556 
382 
331 
249 
222 
125 
107 
88 
70 

6,845 

137 
667 
787 
1.032 
800 
805 
689 
489 
403 
309 
239 
154 
137 
103 
94 

100.0 

48.5 
51.5 

23.3 

21.7 
24.9 



100 
104 



100.0 

50.2 
49.8 

62.5 

61.5 
63.5 



30,326 

5 
1,812 
2,988 
2,050 
2.072 
2.308 
3.037 
3.350 
2.981 
2,294 
1,609 
1,493 
1.214 
1,115 
1,998 

17,095 

3 

971 

1,558 

1,121 

944 

1,288 

1,931 

2,205 

1,919 

1,416 

956 

845 

609 

512 

817 

13,231 

2 

841 

1,430 

929 

1,128 

1.020 

1,106 

1,145 

1,062 

878 

653 

648 

605 

603 

1,181 

100.0 

56.4 
43.6 

36.3 

366 
35.7 



621 

20 



103 
162 



66 
106 
104 



100.0 

603 
39.7 

28.4 

28.9 
27.3 



115 
97 
118 
570 
536 
264 



1,318 



62 
361 
406 
218 



612 

20 
62 
48 
56 
209 
130 



100.0 

68,3 
31.7 

25.2 
26.2 
23.1 



492 

12 



100.0 

63.0 
37.0 

28.5 

29.1 
26.6 



44 



TABLE 25. REFUGEES GRANTED LAWFUL PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUS BY 

SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH, AGE, AND SEX 

FISCAL YEAR 1986— Continued 



Age and sex 



Iraq 



Laos 



Philippines 



Poland 



Romania 



Thailand 



U.S.S.R. 



35-: 



45- 



Total 

Under 5 years 

5-9 years 

10-14 years 

15-19 years 

20-24 years 

5-29 years 

0-34 years 

5-39 years 

0-44 years 

5-49 years 

0-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70 years and over .... 

Males 

Under 5 years 

5-9 years 

0-14 years 

5-19 years 

0-24 years 

5-29 years 

0-34 years 

5-39 years 

0-44 years 

5-49 years 

0-54 years 

5-59 years 

0-64 years 

65-69 years 

70 years and over .... 

Females 

Under 5 years 

5-9 years 

0-14 years 

5-19 years 

0-24 years 

5-29 years 

0-34 years 

5-39 years 

0-44 years 

5-49 years 

0-54 years' 

5-59 years 

0-64 years 

5-69 years 

70 years and over .... 

Percent distribution .. 

Males 

Females 

Median age 

Males 

Females 

- Represents zero. 



10- 



35-; 



45- 



55-i 



344 


7,552 


4 


110 


31 


931 


34 


1,050 


27 


1,075 


67 


1,125 


55 


900 


46 


669 


20 


417 


19 


334 


11 


256 


11 


208 


10 


131 


5 


94 


- 


129 


4 


123 


208 


4,016 


2 


50 


15 


478 


19 


554 


14 


578 


55 


641 


35 


481 


29 


394 


9 


234 


8 


162 


8 


132 


3 


112 


5 


66 


3 


42 


- 


43 


3 


49 


136 


3,536 


2 


60 


16 


453 


15 


496 


13 


497 



100.0 

60.5 
39.5 

25.7 

24.8 
26.9 



484 

419 

275 

183 

172 

124 

96 

65 

52 



100.0 

53.2 
46.8 

22.8 

22.9 
22.7 



437 

417 



225 

217 



212 

200 
7 



100.0 

51.5 
48.5 



340 
263 
138 
272 
709 
799 
561 
197 



2,151 

31 
149 
130 

78 
165 
458 
506 
358 
131 

77 



1,422 

30 
191 
133 

60 
107 
251 
293 
203 

66 

44 



18 



100.0 

60.2 
39.8 

30.0 

30.6 
28.8 



4,190 

194 
463 
405 
333 
245 
481 
604 
475 
310 
227 
142 
123 
91 
47 
50 

2,228 

89 
244 
207 
194 
139 
259 
331 
250 
164 
118 
82 
61 



1,962 

105 
219 



222 
273 
225 
146 
109 



100.0 

53.2 
46.8 

29.8 

29.7 
29.9 



3,239 

2,044 

1,156 

21 

1 



1,675 

1,077 
576 



1,564 

967 
580 



100.0 

51.7 
48.3 



1,589 

16 



116 
152 
164 



107 
100 
280 



885 

5 



100.0 

44.3 
55.7 

40.3 

36.8 
47.4 



23,925 

579 

1,941 

2,963 

4,493 

3,962 

2,829 

2,405 

1,611 

1,070 

791 

459 

314 

205 

136 

167 

14,453 

276 

1,106 

1,759 

2,954 

2,675 

1,634 

1,347 

941 

637 

459 

270 

181 

89 

63 

62 

9,472 

303 

835 

1,204 

1,539 

1,287 

1,195 

1,058 

670 

433 

332 

189 

133 

116 

73 

105 

100.0 

60.4 
39.6 

22.2 

21.8 
23.2 



1,752 

635 
197 



156 
139 
109 
72 



879 

325 
97 



873 

310 
100 



100.0 

50.2 
49.8 

13.4 

12,6 



45 



TABLE 26. REFUGEES GRANTED LAWFUL PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUS BY 

SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH AND STATE OF RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1986 



State of residence 



Afghanistan 



China, 
Mainland 



Czecho- 
slovakia 



Ethiopia 



Hungary 



Total 

Alabama 

Alaska 

Arizona 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut 

Delaware 

District of Columbia 
Florida 

Georgia 

Hawaii 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Kentucky 

Louisiana 

Maine 

Maryland 

Massachusetts 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi 

Missouri 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire 

New Jersey 

New Mexico 

New York 

North Carolina 

North Dakota 

Ohio 

Oklahoma 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania 

Rhode Island 

South Carolina 

South Dakota 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah 

Vermont 

Virginia 

Washington 

West Virginia 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming 

U.S. possessions 

Guam 

Puerto Rico 



303 


- 


77 


48 


6 


- 


746 


8 


51 


266 


1 


3 


30,311 


1,082 


5,069 


826 


38 


138 


893 


6 


181 


9 


1 


- 


152 


4 


. 3 


21,715 


12 


181 


1,367 


41 


357 


372 


11 


26 


187 


- 


2 


2,605 


42 


234 


251 


14 


39 


144 


- 


7 


488 


17 


34 


95 


6 


14 


976 


7 


61 


330 


15 


185 


942 


53 


146 


2,910 


12 


1,168 


1,123 


1 


49 


2,082 


35 


526 


169 


- 


2 


612 


15 


91 


21 


- 


- 


147 


36 


3 


438 


19 


13 


81 


- 


18 


5,370 


79 


33 


100 


6 


- 


5,477 


353 


526 


426 


10 


98 


109 


- 


19 


1,387 


2 


406 


512 


2 


76 


1,127 


12 


196 


2,023 


16 


638 


698 


- 


418 



487 

4,941 

456 

41 

1,663 

2,716 

29 

923 

7 



137 
522 
152 
20 
319 
955 



35 


7 


27 


- 


2,583 


299 


31 


13 


163 


13 


23 


2 


20,148 


28 



145 
10 



133 
78 



102 
6 



7 
254 



46 



TABLE 26. REFUGEES GRANTED LAWFUL PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUS BY 

SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH AND STATE OF RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1986— Continued 



State of residence 



Iraq 



Laos 



Philippines 



Poland 



Romania 



Thailand 



U.S.S.R. 



Total 

Alabama 

Alaska 

Arizona 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut 

Delaware 

District of Columbia 
Florida 

Georgia 

Hawaii 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Kentucky 

Louisiana 

Maine 

Maryland 

Massachusetts 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi 

Missouri 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire 

New Jersey 

New Mexico 

New York 

North Carolina 

North Dakota 

Ohio 

Oklahoma 

Oregon , 

Pennsylvania 

Rhode Island 

South Carolina , 

South Dakota 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah 

Vermont , 

Virginia , 

Washington , 

West Virginia 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming 

US. possessions 

Guam 

Puerto Rico 



3,147 
94 



35 
148 
39 



120 
72 
1 
206 
38 
120 
108 
118 



1 


123 


10 


396 


- 


64 


2 


138 


- 


239 


- 


9 


- 


507 



63 
348 

25 
9 
5 
5 



62 


33 


85 


15 


235 


236 


44 


49 



637 


810 


111 


26 


9 


23 


9 


23 


5 


54 


112 


94 


18 


16 


11 


7 


132 


26 


168 


54 


115 



150 
22 



122 
15 



104 
22 



37 
195 



1,589 



23,925 



101 


3 


0,912 


526 


316 


19 


108 


21 



382 
199 

33 
456 

62 



326 
905 
214 
382 
143 
205 



101 


387 


54 


- 


29 


- 


759 


779 


136 


- 


152 


8 


- 


13 


3 


23 


240 


25 


- 


275 


13 


5 


488 


5 


33 


671 


56 


1 


21 


7 



2,176 

117 



3 

100 

3 



Represents zero 



47 



TABLE 27. ASYLUM CASES FILED WITH INS DISTRICT DIRECTORS 
FISCAL YEARS 1973-86 



Year 


1 ' 

Cases received 


Cases completed 


Cases approved 


Cases denied 


Cases adjudicated 


Percent approved 


1973 


1,913 
2,716 
2,432 
2.733 
896 
2.529 
3.702 
5.801 
26.512 
61.568 
33.296 
26,091 
24,295 
16,622 
18,889 


1,510 

2,769 

1,664 

1,914 

370 

1,939 

2,312 

2,312 

2,000 

4,521 

11,326 

25,447 

54.320 

28.528 

45,792 


380 

294 

562 

590 

97 

754 

1.218 

1.227 

1.104 

1.175 

3.909 

7.215 

8,278 

4,585 

3,359 


1,130 

2,475 

1,102 

1,324 

273 

1,185 

1,094 

1,085 

896 

3,346 

7,255 

16,811 

32,344 

14,172 

7,882 


1,510 
2,769 
1,664 
1,914 
370 
1,939 
2,312 
2,312 
2,000 
4,521 
11,164 
24,026 
40,622 
18,757 
11,241 


25.2 


1974 


10.6 


1975 


33.8 


1976 


30.8 


1976,TQ 


26.2 


1977 


38.9 


1978 


52.7 




53.1 


1980 


55.2 


1981 


26.0 


1982 


350 


1983 


300 


1984 


20.4 


1985 


24.4 


1986 


29.9 







NOTE: The Refugee Act of 1980 went into effect on Apnl 1, 1980. Data for fiscal years 1982 and 1983 fiave been estimated due to cfianges i 
tfie reporting procedures during those two periods. Cases completed cover approvals, denials, and cases otherwise closed. Cases otherwise closed 
are those in which the applicant withdrew the case from consideration, never acknowledged a request for an interview with the INS. or died. Cases 
adjudicated cover approvals and denials. 
See Glossary for fiscal year definitions. 



NUMBER OF INDIVIDUALS GRANTED ASYLUM BY INS DISTRICT DIRECTORS BY SELECTED NATIONALITY 
FISCAL YEARS 1984-86 



Nationality 



All nationalities 

Afghanistan 

China, Mainland 

Cuba 

Czechoslovakia 
El Salvador 

Ethiopia , 

Hungary 

Iran , 

Libya , 

Nicaragua 

Poland 

Romania 

Syria 

USSR 

Other 



268 
16 
18 



361 
82 

7,442 
17 

1.153 

953 
192 
36 
70 



47 
129 



549 
113 



90 

217 

26 

-1,568 

55 
1,284 

456 
152 
57 



48 



TABLE 29. ASYLUM CASES FILED WITH INS DISTRICT DIRECTORS BY SELECTED NATIONALITY 

FISCAL YEAR 1986 



Nationality 



Applications 

pending beginning 

of year 



Applications 

received during 

year 



Applications 

granted during 

year 



Individuals granted 
asylum during year 



Applications 
denied during year 



Applications 

otherwise closed 

during year 



Applications 

pending end of 

year 



All nationalities . 

Afghanistan 

Bangladesh 

Bulgaria 

Chile 

China, Mainland 

Cuba 

Czechoslovakia 

Egypt 

El Salvador 

Ethiopia 

Ghana 

Guatemala 

Haiti 

Honduras 

Hungary 

India 

Iran , 

Iraq 

Israel 

Jordan 

Laos 

Lebanon 

Liberia 

Libya , 

Mexico 

Nicaragua 

Nigeria 

Pakistan 

Peru 

Philippines 

Poland 

Romania 

Somalia 

South Africa 

Sri Lanka 

Syria 

US-S.R 

Uganda 

Vietnam 

Yugoslavia 

Other 



19 
500 
164 

15 
118 
5,731 
46 
27 
45 
791 
38 



267 
70 



195 
25 
10 
20 
47 

3,043 
60 
32 

2.183 
391 

15 

471 

176 

135 

105 

116 

2,236 

53 

11 

13 

17 
240 

39 
123 



965 

215 



113 
36 



15 
127 



55 
175 



22 
1,172 



373 
127 



90 
217 



26 
1,568 



456 
152 



1,149 
202 

15 
209 
514 



7 
231 



2,873 
14 
33 
3 
75 



130 
3,349 



283 
19 



32 
89,606 
38 
22 
997 
122 



245 
2,042 

128 
69 
65 

744 
28 



- Represents zero. 

NOTE: Cuban asylum applicants who have adjusted to lawful permanent resident status under the Cuban Refugee Adjustment Act of 1 966 appear 
as cases othenwise closed in asylum data. 



49 



TABLE 30. ASYLUM CASES FILED WITH INS DISTRICT DIRECTORS BY INS REGION AND DISTRICT OFFICE 

FISCAL YEAR 1986 



Region and district office 



Applications 

pending beginning 

of year 



Applications 

received during 

year 



Applications 

granted during 

year 



Individuals granted 
asylum during year 



Applications 
denied during year 



Applications 

otherwise closed 

during year 



All districts 

Eastern Region 

Baltimore. MD 

Boston. MA 

Buffalo, NY 

Newark, NJ 

New York, NY 

Philadelpfiia, PA ... 

Portland. ME 

San Juan. PR 

Washington, DC ... 

Southern Region .... 

Atlanta, GA 

Dallas. TX 

El Paso, TX 

Harlingen, TX 

Houston, TX 

Miami, FL 

New Orleans, LA .. 
San Antonio, TX ... 

Northern Region 

Anchorage. AK 

Chicago, IL 

Cleveland, OH 

Denver, CO 

Detroit, Ml 

Helena, MT 

Kansas City, MO .. 

Omaha, NE 

Portland, OR 

St. Paul, MN 

Seattle, WA 

Western Region 

Honolulu, HI 

Los Angeles. CA .. 

Phoenix. AZ 

San Diego, CA 

San Francisco, CA 



126,311 

14,861 

319 
616 
252 
12,796 
401 



368 

105,281 

401 

1,071 

135 

5 

317 

102,569 

473 

310 

4,818 



29 
554 

11 
449 

10 
243 

29 



653 
287 



3,390 

219 

300 

67 

339 

1,904 



35 
428 



186 
67 
2 
89 
9,526 
532 
78 

1,077 
22 

529 
97 
82 



71 



79 

3,761 

16 

2,391 

164 

263 

927 



815 

139 
81 



1,143 
32 



39 

874 

85 



271 
25 



932 

2 
723 
48 



4,284 

1,027 

199 

100 

42 

105 

421 

57 

2 

2 



905 

171 



358 
31 



39 

1,311 

2 

1,034 

89 

31 

155 



159 
344 
48 
2 
9 
384 

3,983 

144 



3,127 
453 
122 



310 
31 



2,104 

6 
1,664 



34,551 

5,363 

65 
452 

67 

3,862 

832 

39 



27,727 

182 

935 

56 

1 

274 

25.650 

424 

205 

775 



157 
427 



99,408 

10,818 

223 
256 
144 
9,034 
790 
58 



299 

83,089 

224 
193 

105 

62 
82,444 



4,111 



31 
534 

8 
372 

3 
120 



1,390 

7 
638 
244 
119 
382 



Represents zero. 



50 



TABLE 31. ASYLEES GRANTED LAWFUL PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUS BY 

SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH, AGE, AND SEX 

FISCAL YEAR 1986 



Age and sex 



All countries Afghanistan 



Ethiopia 



Total 

Under 5 years 

5-9 years 

10-14 years 

15-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70 years and over . 



Males 

Under 5 years . 



5-9 
10-- 
15-- 
20-; 
25-: 
30-: 
35-: 
40-' 
45- 
50-1 



5-9 years 

0-14 years 

5-19 years 

0-24 years 

5-29 years 

0-34 years 

5-39 years 

0-44 years 

5-49 years 

0-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70 years and over ... 

Females 

Under 5 years 

5-9 years 

0-14 years 

5-19 years 

0-24 years 

5-29 years 

0-34 years 

5-39 years 

0-44 years 

5-49 years 

0-54 years 

5-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70 years and over ... 

Percent distribution . 

Males 

Females 



Median age . 

Males 

Females 



250 
312 
335 
668 
787 
706 
525 
378 
277 
236 
157 
132 
80 
132 

2,913 

12 
134 
171 
180 
415 
503 
422 
310 
204 
154 
134 
95 
81 



116 

141 

155 

253 

284 

284 

215 

174 

123 

102 

62 

51 

40 



100.0 

58.3 
41.7 

30.8 

30.4 
31.3 



100.0 

54.4 
45.6 

29.5 

30.7 
23.7 



100.0 

65.1 
34.9 

30.0 

31.3 
27.1 



113 
172 
193 
509 
554 
416 
285 
216 
167 
158 
117 



111 


3 


334 


10 


362 


37 


256 


57 


163 


48 


107 


25 



1,275 



175 
192 
160 
122 
109 



100.0 

59.6 
40.4 

30.3 

29.5 
31.8 



100.0 

61.7 
38.3 

33.3 

33.9 
32.5 



118 

2 



100.0 

55 1 
44.9 

39.2 

39.8 
38.7 



100.0 

27.7 
72.3 

57.8 

58.0 
57.8 



93 
111 
101 



100.0 

54.4 
45.6 

29.3 

29.8 
28.6 



Represents zero. 



51 



TABLE 32. ASYLEES GRANTED LAWFUL PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUS BY 

SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH AND STATE OF RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1986 



State of residence 



Afghanistan 



Ettiiopia 



Total 

Alabama 

Alaska 

Arizona 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut 

District of Columbia 
Florida 

Georgia 

Hawaii 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Kentucky 

Louisiana 

Maine 

Maryland 

Massachusetts 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi 

Missouri 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire 

New Jersey 

New Mexico 

New York 

North Carolina 

North Dakota 

Ohio 

Oklahoma 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania 

Rhode Island 

South Carolina 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah 

Virginia 

Washington 

West Virginia 

Wisconsin 



2 
2,369 



164 
21 



181 
106 



119 

12 

708 



50 
300 
29 



158 



172 



15 

2 

1,800 



39 

2 

429 



45 
170 



Represents zero. 



52 



TABLE 33. ASYLEES GRANTED LAWFUL PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUS IN FISCAL YEAR 1986 BY 
CALENDAR YEAR OF ENTRY AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 



Region and country 
of birth 


Total 


1984 


1983 


1982 


1981 


1980 


1979 


Before 
1979 


Unknown or 
not re- 
ported 


All countries 


5,000 
682 


786 


425 


468 


543 


519 
64 


1,298 

61 

2 


947 

64 

3 


14 

7 


Europe 


152 


100 


82 


152 


Czechoslovalda 


20 


1 


3 


7 


3 


1 


Hungary 


51 


8 


8 


11 


2 


10 


10 


2 


I 


Poland 


376 


85 


56 


31 


126 


29 


23 


26 


_ 


Romania 


118 


42 


20 


23 


10 


8 


3 


5 


7 


U.S.S R 


65 


6 


7 


6 


6 


11 


12 


17 




Yugoslavia 


11 


1 


3 


- 




_ 


_ 


6 


_ 


Other Europe 


41 


9 


3 


4 




5 


11 


5 


- 


Asia 


3,420 


460 


245 


311 


252 


319 


1,059 


771 


3 


Afghanistan 


158 


17 


21 


19 




39 


26 


28 


_ 


China l\/lainland 


12 


6 


2 


1 




- 


2 


_ 


. 


Iran 


3,155 


418 


204 


288 


231 


274 


1,005 


732 


3 


Iraq 


23 


5 


4 


1 




2 


5 


1 




Philippines 


22 


- 


8 


- 




- 


12 


2 


_ 


Other Asia 


50 


14 


6 


2 




4 


9 


8 


- 


Africa 


299 


65 


42 


33 


51 


31 


13 


63 


1 


Ethiopia 


172 


30 


21 


17 


29 


17 


5 


53 


_ 


Ghana 


22 


3 


8 


5 




- 


_ 


2 


_ 


Libya 


20 


6 


1 


2 


8 


1 


1 




1 


Somalia 


12 


6 


2 


2 


2 


- 


_ 


_ 




South Africa 


15 


2 


5 


_ 


_ 


7 


_ 


1 


_ 


Uganda 


38 


15 


1 


4 


5 


4 


3 


6 


_ 


Other Africa 


20 


3 


4 


3 


3 


2 


4 


1 


- 


Oceania 


1 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1 


- 


North America 


585 


108 


38 


39 


84 


103 

4 

98 

77 


163 

3 

160 

35 


47 

46 

14 
32 


3 


Caribbean 


12 
570 


107 


3 
35 


1 
38 


1 
83 

67 


Central America 


3 

2 


El Salvador 


263 


37 


12 


19 


Nicaragua 


301 


69 


22 


19 


15 
1 


18 
3 


125 


Other Central America 


6 


1 


1 




_ 


Other North America 


3 

13 

.J 


1 
1 


- 


3 


4 


1 
2 


2 


1 

1 




South America 









Represents zero. 



53 



TABLE 34. REFUGEES AND ASYLEES GRANTED LAWFUL PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUS BY ENACTMENT 

FISCAL YEARS 1946-86 



Total . 



Presidential Directive o( 12/22/45 .. 
Displaced Persons Act of 6/25/48 , 

Orphan Act of 7/29/53 

Refugee Relief Act of 8/7/53 

Refugee-Escapee Act of 9/11/57 ... 



Hungarian Refugee Act of 7/25/58 

Azores & Netfierlands Refugee Act of 9/2/58 

Refugee Relatives Act of 9/22/59 

Fair Sfiare Refugee Act of 7/14/60 

Refugee Conditional Entrants Act of 10/3/65 . 



Cuban Refugee Act of 11/2/66 

Indochinese Refugee Act of 10/28/77 

Refugee Parolee Act of 10/5/78 

Refugee Act of 1980, 3/17/80 

Refugees 

Asylees 



40,324 

409,696 

466 

189,025 

29,462 

30,752 
22,213 
1,820 
19,798 
142,103 

445,166 
174,863 
137,192 
473,537 
450,409 
23.128 



40,324 
173,023 



236,669 

466 

188,993 

24,263 

30,491 

10,057 

1,432 



212,843 



28 
5,199 

258 

12,156 

388 

19,714 

39.149 

135,947 
X 



82 
102,625 

252,119 

137,309 

46,058 

1,250 

X 
1,250 



329 

57,100 

37,554 

91.134 

472,287 

450,409 
21.878 



NOTE: X Not applicable. See Glossary for fiscal year definitions. 



54 



TABLE 35. REFUGEES AND ASYLEES GRANTED LAWFUL PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUS 

BY DECADE AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 

FISCAL YEARS 1946-86 



Region and country of birth 


Total 


1946-50 


1951-60 


1961-70 


1971-80 


1981-86 




2,116,417 

878,173 

3,909 
16,941 
4,961 
32,965 
11,281 

100,692 
30,583 
72,387 
63,044 
38,294 
27,370 
17,614 

187,476 

5,062 

47,494 

10,170 

113,283 
84,385 
10,262 

759,974 

14,001 
89,975 
37,331 

8,243 
17,194 
18,235 
13,730 

4,512 

4,602 
125,889 

3.220 
15,766 

6,111 

390,284 

10,881 

24,093 

8,508 
13,298 
2,287 

157 

451,296 

445,871 

644 

1.662 

3.119 

2,595 

875 
1.720 

129 


213,347 

211,983 

29 

4.801 

139 

8.449 

7,143 

36,633 

124 

6,086 

642 

21,422 

18,694 

129 

78,529 

12 

4,180 

1 

14.072 

9.816 

1,082 

1,106 

319 

118 
3 

4 

603 

59 

20 

8 

12 

7 

163 

3 

1 
159 

32 

32 
36 


492,371 

456,146 

1.409 
11.487 

1.138 
10.719 

4,103 
62,860 
28,568 
55,740 
60,657 
16,783 

8.569 
14.336 
81.323 

3.650 

12.057 

246 

30.059 

44.755 

7.687 

33,422 

1 

12,008 
1.076 
8.253 
192 
130 
3.803 
3,116 

119 

15 

1,427 

2 

3,280 

1,768 

1.354 
61 
353 

75 

831 

6 

1 
824 

74 

5 
69 

55 


212,843 

55,235 

1,952 

233 

1,799 

5,709 

16 

665 

586 

4,044 

1,198 

49 

72 

3,134 

3.197 

1.361 

7.158 

4,114 

871 

18,299 

778 

19,895 

5,308 

2,128 

7,658 

58 

119 

554 

1,316 

383 

13 

1,489 

7 

862 

5,486 

5,396 

2 

88 

21 

132,068 

131.557 

1 

3 

507 

123 

4 
119 

15 


539,447 

71,858 

395 

185 

1.238 

3.646 

2 

143 

478 

4,358 

346 

16 

23 

6 

5,882 

21 

6.812 

5.317 

31.309 

11.297 

382 

210,683 

542 

7.739 

13.760 

3.468 

222 

364 

6,851 

56 

65 

21.690 

1.336 

1.241 

1,193 

150.266 

1.890 

2,991 

1.473 

1.307 

211 

37 

252,633 

251,514 

45 

36 

1.038 

1,244 

420 
824 

1 


658,409 




82,951 




124 




235 




647 




4.442 




17 




391 




827 




2,159 


Italy 


201 




24 




12 




7 




18.545 




18 




17.287 




492 


USSR 


36,972 




216 




333 




494,868 




13,458 




82,236 




5,936 




1,571 




1,061 




17,503 




6,630 




96 




105 




104,199 




1,378 




14,497 




1,399 




240,009 




4,790 


Africa 


13,828 




277 




11,928 




1,623 




17 




65,601 


Cuba ... 

El Salvador 

Nicaragua 

Other North Amenca 


62.791 

598 

1.621 

591 

1,122 




446 




676 




22 







' Includes Federal Republic of Germany and German Democratic Republic. 

^ Includes Mainland China and Taiwan. 

- Represents zero. 

NOTE: See Glossary for fiscal year definitions. 



55 



TABLE 36. REFUGEES AND ASYLEES GRANTED LAWFUL PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUS BY REGION AND 

SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 
FISCAL YEARS 1977-86 



Region and country 
of birth 



All countries 

Europe 

Austria 

Bulgaria 

Czechoslovakia 

Germany 

Germany. Fed. Rep 

Hungary 

Poland ' 

Romania 

Spain 

U.S.S.R 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

Afghanistan 

Cambodia 

China 

China. Mainland 

Hong Kong 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Iraq 

Laos 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Syria 

Thailand 

Turkey 

Vietnam 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Angola 

Ethiopia 

Sudan 

Other Africa 

Oceania 

North America 

Caribbean 

Cuba 

Other Canbbean 

Central America 

El Salvador 

Nicaragua 

Other Central America 
Other North America .... 

South America 

Born on board ship 

Unknown or not reported 



138 
21 
(') 
271 
504 
722 
602 
3,972 
44 
168 



383 
109 

7 
3 



1,435 
106 



68,171 
68,065 

67,985 



247 

14 

(') 

332 

608 

1,070 

318 

4,342 

44 

172 



96,659 

18 

3,607 

1,076 



121 

5 

31 

15 

156 

4,259 



84 
129 



86,777 
193 



28,477 
28,343 

28.299 



45,128 

4,353 
12 

107 

326 

7 

(') 
286 
878 
699 
116 

1,791 
22 
109 

28,070 

91 
1,366 

934 
C) 

126 



13 
1,128 
3,475 



103 
172 



20,481 
80 



414 

399 



12,240 
12,143 

12,130 



618 
12 
(') 

258 

976 
1.088 

137 

9.862 

41 

219 



63,260 

431 
2,716 
1.751 

e) 

176 

5 

123 

124 

768 

13.843 

160 

7 

83 

176 

926 

163 

41.537 

271 

806 

3 
662 

2 
139 



10,247 
10,141 

10.056 



26 

(') 

123 

679 

1,222 

70 

8.423 

17 

269 



89,362 

1.610 

12.642 

1.454 

f) 

467 

17 

113 

366 

710 

15,727 

253 

7 

230 

352 

1.233 

327 

53.463 

391 

1,643 



5,030 
4,844 

4,815 
29 
163 
9 
136 
18 
23 

227 

3 



19,475 

11 

106 

592 

(') 

34 

212 

830 

2.348 

71 

14,647 



594 

131,089 

1.340 

13.309 

C) 

1,867 

442 

10 

286 

701 

1.648 

36.398 

348 

17 

261 

728 

2,661 

752 

69.523 

798 

1,659 

2 

1.381 



4,125 
3,917 

3,885 



10,226 

33 

82 

687 

(') 

34 

238 

2.673 

1.757 



210 

85,298 

2,321 

17,957 



547 

262 

17 

127 

1.450 

1,092 

23,503 

98 

20 

326 

127 

2,798 

154 

34,285 

214 

2,456 

37 

2.209 

37 

173 



4,547 
4,142 

4.118 



92,127 



140 

936 

(') 

84 

455 

5,601 

3.226 



211 

66,399 

3.032 

1 1 .663 



643 

183 

22 

222 

3.544 

1.862 

12.094 

146 

30 

338 

89 

2,216 

65 

32,033 

217 



2.018 
66 
172 



5,146 
4,599 

4.560 
39 
512 

112 
319 



95,040 

14,008 

57 

141 

958 

(') 

92 

588 

4.813 

4.426 

77 

2.638 

58 

160 



62,035 

2,555 

13,365 

C) 

728 

100 

41 

165 

5.420 

951 

8,921 

85 

59 

323 

59 

2,349 



3,201 

40 

2.762 

180 

219 



15,667 
15,090 

1 5,080 

10 

556 

166 
347 



104,383 



11,868 

53 
134 
841 

(') 
100 
543 

3.949 

4.308 
114 

1,654 
32 
140 



58,685 

2,600 

13,300 

(') 

618 

117 

35 

148 

6,022 

367 

7,556 

81 

68 

459 

23 

3,240 



2,547 

29 

2.102 

121 

295 



31,086 
30,356 

30.333 

23 

682 

289 
324 



' Prior to fiscal year 1982. data for Federal Republic of 
Germany and German Democratic Republic are included in 
Germany. 

• Beginning fiscal year 1980. data for Danzig are included in 



Poland. 

' Prior to fiscal year 1982, data for Mainland China and 
Taiwan are included in China. 

- Represents zero. 



56 



TABLES 37-42 



NONIMMIGRANTS 



TABLE 37. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED CLASS OF ADMISSION 

AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF LAST RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEARS 1975, 1978, 1981, 1984, AND 1986 



Region and country of 


All classes' (In thousands) 


Visitors for pleasure (in thousands) 


last residence 


1975 


1978 


1981 


1984 


1986 


1975 


1978 


1981 


1984 


1986 


All countries 


6,284 


8,290 


11,757 


9,293 


10,471 


5,060 
1,160 


6,643 
1,832 


9,515 
3,601 


6,595 
2,195 


7,342 
2,626 


Lurope 


1,623 


2,483 


4,537 


3,199 


3,801 


Austria 


22 


33 


58 


47 


56 


17 


27 


49 


35 


41 


Belgium 


35 


62 


118 


66 


82 


23 


44 


91 


40 


52 


Czechoslovakia 


5 


5 


5 


6 


6 


3 


4 


3 


4 


5 


Denmark 


27 


44 


62 


55 


73 


18 


31 


45 


34 


48 


Finland 


17 


24 


42 


37 


44 


13 


18 


31 


25 


29 


France 


174 


272 


441 


353 


448 


122 


192 


341 


229 


306 


German Democratic Rep 


« 





(') 


45 


2 








(') 


35 


1 


Germany 


320 


481 


754 


{') 


C) 


254 


382 


618 


{') 





Germany Federal Rep 


(') 


(') 


(') 


527 


656 


{') 


{') 





381 


479 


Greece 


31 


38 


66 


49 


55 


16 


22 


37 


31 


38 


Hungary 


7 


9 


13 


12 


15 


5 


7 


10 


9 


11 


Iceland 


4 


8 


11 


8 


9 


3 


7 


9 


6 


6 


Ireland 


29 


43 


102 


66 


98 


23 


34 


88 


51 


76 


Italy 


113 


155 


264 


235 


275 


75 


105 


189 


162 


181 


Luxembourg 


2 


3 


5 


4 


5 


1 


2 


4 


3 


4 


Netherlands 


79 


139 


217 


144 


168 


56 


104 


165 


91 


107 


Norway 


35 


50 


84 


71 


85 


19 


31 


50 


42 


54 


Poland ' 


22 


23 


41 


28 


55 


16 


17 


34 


25 


48 


Portugal 


14 


21 


33 


24 


29 


9 


16 


23 


16 


20 


Romania 


2 


5 


6 


5 


5 


1 


2 


3 


3 


3 


Spam 


47 


69 


144 


104 


118 


30 


46 


109 


69 


75 


Sweden 


57 


96 


174 


122 


141 


39 


71 


135 


75 


86 


Switzerland 


71 


119 


183 


160 


183 


54 


94 


150 


118 


133 


USSR 


11 


11 


10 


5 


8 


2 


3 


4 


2 


3 


United Kingdom 


483 


750 


1,669 


998 


1,152 


349 


557 


1,388 


692 


799 


Yugoslavia 


16 


20 


29 


19 


25 


11 


13 


21 


13 


17 


Other Europe 


2 


4 


6 


7 


8 


2 


3 


4 


5 


6 


Asia 


1,092 


1,430 


2,290 


2,449 


2,796 


784 


1,006 


1,704 


1,789 


1,989 


Cambodia 


1 


Z 


Z 


Z 


Z 


Z 


Z 


Z 


Z 


Z 


China ' 


20 


38 


111 


145 


187 


6 


14 


53 


74 


83 


Cyprus 


1 


1 


3 


5 


6 


1 


1 


2 


2 


3 


Hong Kong 


35 


41 


75 


103 


112 


17 


25 


54 


68 


73 


India ^ 


37 


48 


88 


81 


97 


19 


28 


57 


50 


59 


Indonesia * 


8 


12 


21 


27 


35 


3 


6 


11 


16 


20 


Iran 


29 


118 


17 


28 


31 


13 


68 


12 


22 


25 


Israel 


51 


71 


131 


116 


137 


37 


51 


102 


84 


95 


Japan 


792 


874 


1,372 


1,440 


1.681 


643 


706 


1,155 


1.203 


1,381 


Jordan 


3 


10 


17 


14 


14 


2 


4 


8 


7 


8 


Korea 


20 


32 


77 


80 


102 


4 


8 


29 


25 


29 


Kuwait 


3 


10 


15 


21 


21 


1 


4 


8 


11 


10 


Lebanon 


8 


16 


26 


26 


17 


4 


10 


16 


18 


11 


Malaysia 


5 


10 


33 


40 


36 


2 


5 


21 


22 


18 


Pakistan 


9 


14 


28 


24 


30 


4 


8 


18 


14 


18 


Philippines 


32 


52 


100 


105 


110 


12 


28 


60 


63 


60 


Saudi Arabia 


6 


30 


57 


65 


49 


1 


10 


27 


35 


25 


Singapore 


4 


10 


27 


37 


38 


3 


5 


19 


24 


22 


Sn Lanka 


1 


2 


5 


5 


5 


1 


1 


2 


2 


2 


Syna 


2 


5 


8 


8 


7 


1 


3 


5 


5 


4 


Thailand 


12 


13 


21 


28 


26 


5 


7 


12 


16 


14 


Turkey 


7 


9 


18 


15 


17 


4 


5 


11 


9 


10 


United Arab Emirates 


Z 


2 


6 


11 


11 


Z 


1 


3 


7 


5 


Other Asia 


7 


13 


34 


25 


26 


3 


7 


18 


10 


13 


Africa 


63 


116 


225 


199 


194 


30 


59 


130 


119 


110 


Egypt 


7 


13 


34 


25 


24 


4 


7 


21 


15 


14 


Kenya 


3 


4 


6 


5 


7 


1 


2 


4 


3 


4 


Libena 


2 


4 


6 


6 


6 


1 


2 


4 


4 


4 


Morocco 


2 


4 


8 


7 


7 


1 


2 


5 


4 


4 


Nigena 


9 


21 


54 


42 


52 


2 


8 


25 


23 


30 


South Africa 


20 


32 


61 


61 


45 


13 


22 


45 


44 


29 


Other Afnca 


21 


36 


55 


53 


53 


8 


15 


24 


26 


23 



See footnotes at end of table. 



58 



TABLE 37. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED CLASS OF ADMISSION 
AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF LAST RESIDENCE 
FISCAL YEARS 1975, 1978, 1981, 1984, AND 1986— Continued 



Region and country of 
last residence 


All classes' (in thousands) 


Visitors for pleasure (in thousands) 


1975 


1978 


1981 


1984 


1986 


1975 


1978 


1981 


1984 


1986 




202 

121 
3 
51 
25 

2,845 

343 

1,977 

380 

10 


286 

176 
4 
79 
26 

3,218 

420 

2.099 

468 

7 


379 

230 

5 

109 

34 

2,817 

135 

1.768 

614 

9 


345 

233 
6 
91 
15 

2,048 

157 
815 
747 

11 


394 

259 

6 

110 

19 

2,105 

145 
810 
820 

15 


150 

93 
2 
35 
20 

2,579 

258 

1,908 

299 

6 


231 

143 
4 
66 
18 

2,900 

335 

2.007 

376 

4 


315 

188 
4 
95 
27 

2,480 

75 

1.634 

526 

7 


273 

181 
5 
76 
11 

1,558 

86 
669 
564 

8 


306 




197 


Fiji 


4 




92 




13 




1,551 




70 




636 




612 


Antigua-Barbuda 


11 




85 
9 
22 

5 


128 

13 
30 
6 


172 
19 
4 
4 


214 
24 

7 
4 


253 
25 

7 
6 


78 
6 

18 
4 


119 

9 

25 

5 


163 
15 
3 
3 


199 
17 
5 
3 


230 




18 




5 


British Virgin Is 


5 




6 


11 


5 


24 


26 


5 


9 


4 


19 


19 




1 
3 
78 


3 

1 

74 


7 
19 
78 


10 

5 

89 


2 
11 
95 


1 
2 
68 


2 

1 

61 


5 
16 
65 


10 
3 
56 


1 




7 




63 




3 


5 


g 


4 


5 


3 


4 


8 


3 


4 


Haiti 


20 
77 
2 


33 

80 

5 


43 

112 

5 


74 

115 

4 


79 

145 

6 


13 

54 

1 


18 
58 
4 


30 
93 
4 


51 
66 
4 


54 




85 




5 




15 
24 


21 
39 


27 
81 


40 
97 


37 
75 


12 
18 


17 
32 


23 
70 


29 
78 


25 




59 




1 


2 


4 


6 


7 


1 


2 


3 


5 


6 




20 
144 
6 
25 
21 
28 
20 
19 


12 
231 

9 
41 
39 
51 
29 
25 


18 
300 

11 
43 
39 
83 
47 
25 


15 
329 

11 
55 
43 
86 
56 
21 


18 
329 

12 
62 
51 
71 
60 
16 


6 
112 

4 
20 
17 
23 
14 
14 


9 
182 

6 
35 
32 
42 
19 
20 


14 
245 

8 
36 
33 
74 
32 
20 


10 
239 

8 
38 
34 
66 
38 
17 


15 




232 




8 




44 




37 




50 




40 




13 




26 

Z 

460 

88 


38 

Z 

758 

104 


52 

1 

1,449 

227 


57 

Z 

831 

83 


58 

Z 

968 

181 


20 

Z 

357 

77 


29 

Z 

615 

89 


42 

Z 

1,256 

206 


40 

Z 

605 

62 


41 




Z 




723 


Argentina 


146 


Bolivia 


7 


17 


23 


18 


18 


4 


12 


18 


11 


11 


Brazil 


99 


91 


201 


174 


251 


70 


62 


164 


128 


192 


Chile 


19 


32 


62 


45 


44 


12 


21 


48 


32 


28 


Colombia 


65 


113 


206 


170 


159 


48 


88 


173 


129 


116 


Ecuador 


27 


58 


82 


47 


62 


21 


49 


71 


37 


49 


Guyana 


5 


9 


11 


15 


15 


4 


6 


8 


9 


10 




3 


4 


8 


6 


6 


2 


3 


6 


4 


4 


Peru 


42 


34 


72 


66 


62 


35 


26 


60 


51 


47 


Sunname 


2 


4 


6 


9 


10 


2 


3 


5 


6 


8 


Uiuguay 


6 


9 


21 


10 


13 


4 


6 


17 


7 


9 




98 


283 


530 


186 


148 


81 


250 


481 


130 


102 


Other South Amenca 


Z 


Z 


Z 


Z 


Z 


Z 


Z 


Z 


Z 


Z 




Z 


Z 


60 


219 


213 


Z 


Z 


30 


57 


37 







' Excludes classes of admission processed as nonimmigrants in the following years; for all countries -- 1975 - 799,951 returning resident aliens; 1978 
- 1,053,602 returning resident aliens; 1984 - 63,263 parolees, 2,260 withdrawals and stowaways, and 68,504 refugees; 1986 - 67,483 parolees, 17,547 
withdrawals and stowaways, and 51,165 refugees. A total of 58.329 refugee admissions were reported separately on initial admittance documents. See 
Refugee section of text. 

' Prior to fiscal year 1984, data for Federal Republic of Germany and German Democratic Republic are included in Germany, 

' Beginning fiscal year 1981, data for Danzig are included in Poland. 

' Includes Mainland China and Taiwan. 

* Beginning fiscal year 1978, data (or Portuguese India are included in India. 

' Beginning fiscal year 1978, data for Portuguese Timor are included in Indonesia. 

' Pnor to fiscal year 1984, data for Niue are included in New Zealand. 

' Beginning fiscal year 1981, data for Canal Zone are included in Panama. 

NOTE; Totals may not add due to rounding. Fiscal year 1975 began July 1, 1974 and ended June 30, 1975. 

Z Less than 500 arrivals. 



59 



TABLE 38. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED CLASS OF ADMISSION 

AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 

FISCAL YEAR 1986 



Region and country 
of citizenship 



Foreign 
govern- 
ment offi- 
cials^ 



Temp, 
visitors for 
business 



Temp, 
visitors for 
pleasure 



Transit 
aliens' 



Treaty 
traders 
and 
inves- 
tors' 



Spouses 

and 
children 

of 
students 



Temp, 
workers 

and 
trainees 



Spouses 

and 
children 
of temp, 
workers 

and 
trainees 



All countries 

Europe 

Austria 

Belgium 

Czechoslovakia 

Denmark 

Finland 

France 

German Democratic Rep 

Germany, Federal Rep 

Greece 

Hungary 

Iceland 

Ireland 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

USSR 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

Cambodia 

China' 

Cyprus 

Hong Kong 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Kuwait 

Laos 

Lebanon 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Saudi Arabia 

Singapore 

Sri Lanka 

Syria 

Thailand 

Turkey 

Vietnam 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Egypt 

Ethiopia 

Libena 

Morocco 

Nigeria 

See footnotes at end of table. 



10,471,024 

4,046,399 

62,795 

78,971 

7,156 

77,561 

48,070 

472,092 

1,891 

669,599 

57,393 

15,605 

10,089 

111,585 

294,061 

194,036 

87,040 

57,376 

37,387 

5,791 

129,303 

149,091 

168,663 

8,172 

1,265,821 

27,701 

9,150 

2,873,395 

396 

203,830 

5,326 

75,544 

120,992 

35,912 



141,449 

1.704,010 

20,815 

121,590 

11,378 

478 

26,567 

39,917 

38,323 

122,976 

36,093 

32,502 

7,987 

9,218 

25,921 

20,032 

1,930 

27,648 

191,556 

26,522 
4,779 
5,015 
7,787 

50,033 



93,726 

27,691 

304 
742 
120 
305 
502 

2,876 
97 

3,715 
361 
187 
90 
248 

2,231 
962 
826 
223 
681 
95 

1,930 
722 
748 

1,096 

8,009 
347 
274 

26,770 

936 

32 

29 

1,522 

1,303 

10 

2,61^ 

5,487 

1,156 

1,632 

556 

1 

248 

556 

1,285 

2,035 

3,548 

811 

148 

59 

687 

353 

2 

1,758 

7,819 

1,869 

57 

395 

627 

720 



1,937,929 

896,606 

13,389 

20,947 

741 

19,347 

10,384 

108,296 

306 

138,595 

6,317 

2,388 

1,757 

15,273 

70,935 

55,289 

18,646 

3,107 

4,781 

753 

26,822 

45,446 

31,962 

1,556 

293,246 

4,540 

1,783 

434,982 

23 

53,278 

430 

14,680 

24,213 

4,354 

3,357 

- 27,048 

212,826 

2,095 

32,008 

1,047 

9 

4,352 

5,106 

5,176 

18,922 

3,185 

7,260 

1,741 

982 

5,213 

4,039 

93 

3,545 

41,973 

4,552 

585 

908 

1,206 

14,026 



7,341,988 

2,751,018 

44,302 

49,357 

5,052 

49,555 

31,379 

316,156 

1,111 

480,400 

38,844 

1 1 ,086 

6,569 

85,090 

193,331 

120,703 

54,097 

50,125 

25,796 

3,440 

81,653 

88,411 

124,188 

2,784 

863,296 

18,367 

5,926 

2,012,373 

331 
93,086 

2,433 
48,821 
72,175 
19,927 
33^226 
96,1 ST 
1,378,889 
11,504 
39,974 

4,428 
452 
16,218 
19,955 
23,454 
67,661 
16,084 
19,479 

3,825 

5,742 
13,784 
10,997 

1,694 
12,053 

102,328 

15,556 
2,964 
3,074 
3,973 

26,610 



243,859 

75,775 

789 

774 

812 

1,700 

346 

5,941 

19 

4,424 

5,468 

184 

21 

514 

10,401 

3,560 

5,063 

1,367 

3,920 

1,245 

4,906 

1,692 

830 

155 

20,173 

1,126 

345 

79,186 

2 

12,759 

66 

4,691 

4,066 

1,797 

99 

952 

10,229 

386 

20,070 

26 

2 

443 

877 

1,057 

1 7,972 

165 

601 

310 

593 

635 

548 

38 

802 

4,098 

474 



44,970 

604 

1,145 

5 

856 

1,111 

6,954 

5 

11,192 

56 

4 

1 

616 

3,363 

1,774 

817 

7 

22 



11,971 

890 

15 



62 

27 

10 

683 

3,352 

40,748 

2 

4,009 



355 

1,995 

7 



47,222 

502 

894 

13 

882 

668 

5,889 

2 

5,780 

4,266 

78 

721 

1,138 

3,585 

2,313 

2,743 

164 

532 

9 

3,329 

1,956 

3,039 

12 

8,176 

404 

127 

131,828 

8 

18,023 
1,607 
5,055 
9,303 
6,204 
3,087 
1,535 

22,057 
4,443 

12,569 

3,756 

2 

3,469 

10,309 
4,104 
2,433 
7,543 
3,176 
791 
1,347 
4,206 
1,850 
15 
4,936 

13,326 

929 
641 
305 
983 
5,105 



1,518 



21 
170 



19,580 

3,155 
34 
72 
708 
381 
638 
361 

1,267 
192 

4,553 

1,142 

72 

1,096 

241 

107 

4,135 

99 

117 



1,410 

204 



85,359 

27,794 

661 

501 

118 

409 

185 

3,005 

156 

2.151 

424 

321 

34 

1,601 

1,508 

879 

341 

498 

111 

47 

1,478 

1,026 

753 

371 

10,716 

426 

74 

14,810 



507 

1,380 

49 

102 

1,436 

3,551 

34 

865 

20 

205 
94 

140 

3,988 

83 

222 
78 
13 
99 

243 



1,314 

89 



60 



TABLE 38. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED CLASS OF ADMISSION 

AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 

FISCAL YEAR 1986— Continued 



Region and country 
of citizenship 


Interna- 
tional 
repre- 
senta- 
tives^ 


Repre- 
senta- 
tives of 
foreign 
Informa- 
tion 
medla^ 


Ex- 
Change 
visitors 


Spouses 

and 
children 
of ex- 
change 
visitors 


Flan- 
ces(ees) 
of U.S. 
citizens 


Children 
of flan- 
ces(ees) 
of U.S. 
citizens 


Intracom- 
pany 

transfer- 
ees 


Spouses 

and 
children 
of intra- 
company 
transfer- 
ees 


NATO 
offi- 
cials^ 


Unl<nown 




59,378 

22,194 

394 

946 

90 

520 

371 

3,686 

115 

2,390 

268 

197 

127 

388 

1,143 

1,297 

413 

239 

386 

97 

775 

885 

393 

1,595 

4,863 

369 

247 

11,802 

24 
894 
102 

60 

2,352 

257 

323 


16,919 

8,967 

119 

181 

17 

124 

119 

1,095 

17 

1,310 

47 

53 

14 

148 

975 

343 

406 

27 

47 

2 

519 

303 

159 

116 

2,752 

55 

19 

5,174 

126 
12 
22 

101 

10 

___ 6 


130,416 

67,484 

747 

1,319 

109 

2,264 

2,069 

7,477 

46 

10,128 

627 

565 

317 

5,009 

3,490 

2,728 

1,983 

777 

437 

53 

4,492 

3,412 

1,871 

285 

16,375 

733 

171 

33,257 

9,127 
541 
427 

2,210 
959 
129 


32,591 

9,245 

161 
258 
17 
144 
273 
1,218 

1,236 
136 
381 
132 
189 
645 
349 
258 
460 
114 
5 
476 
354 
416 
26 

1.708 
248 
41 

15,904 

2,948 
27 
46 
875 
450 
175 


7,147 

1,436 

11 
16 
1 
19 
11 
89 

308 

61 

1 

2 

65 

71 

36 

19 

76 

100 

16 

42 

36 

24 

2 

381 

45 

4 

3,867 

2 
256 
1 
56 
80 
11 
62 


923 

143 

1 

2 

1 
7 

55 
3 

1 
4 
5 
3 
1 
6 
3 
1 
2 
1 
2 

43 
1 

1 

520 

9 

3 
5 


66,925 

33,067 

535 

918 

24 

683 

323 

4,748 

9 

3,253 

142 

42 

55 

649 

1,369 

1,898 

417 

91 

249 

13 

771 

2,771 

1,192 

79 

12,725 

42 

69 

14,660 

3 
2,429 

8 
633 
940 
101 
296 


41,093 

18,892 

201 

589 

25 

380 

218 

3,291 

4 

1,980 

60 

48 

46 

327 

624 

1,221 

252 

71 

97 

8 

469 

1,631 

620 

86 

6,613 

9 

22 

9,926 

1,318 
2 
335 
603 
83 
259 


6,969 

6,274 

2 
200 

282 
2 

470 

3 

2,113 

188 

4 

11 

119 

403 

577 

6 

62 

3 

15 

7 

9 

1,789 
3 
6 

333 

7 

5 
12 

4 


24 




5 








_ 




1 








_ 




_ 


German Democratic Rep 


- 




_ 




_ 




_ 


Ireland 


2 


Italy 




Netherlands 


_ 




_ 




_ 




_ 




_ 




_ 




1 




_ 


USSR 


_ 




1 


Yugoslavia 


- 


Asia 


13 








3 




_ 




_ 


India 


3 




_ 


Iran 


- 


Isra'SI 


^^92 

1,058 

149 

307 

88 

10 

254 

241 

775 

1,962 

80 

65 

458 

132 

280 

505 

42 

982 

7,233 

797 
327 
63 
274 
545 


141 

4,009 

1 

410 

6 

21 
32 
33 
135 

6 
33 

1 

7 
53 

9 

189 

15 
4 

8 
32 


2,693 

7,165 
473 

1,523 

162 

1 

797 

898 

924 

848 

647 

213 

313 

99 

557 

723 

10 

1,818 

7,516 

1,136 
81 
112 
406 
829 


2,349* 

4,859 

224 

1,476 

57 

34 

442 

273 

134 

553 

83 

90 

54 

51 

203 

1 

500 

1,728 

629 

8 

21 

49 

227 


"75 

206 

16 

604 

1 

23 

28 

11 

2,276 

20 

1 
18 
54 
24 
17 
25 

141 

23 
9 
3 

15 
5 


2 
14 

50 

3 

2 

415 

1 
3 
2 
11 

11 

1 


718 
6,433 

68 
731 

38 

271 

126 

253 

1,085 

27 

223 

42 

56 

25 

94 

3 

57 

1,077 

111 
19 
7 
36 
71 


518 

4,464 

61 

608 

40 

119 
106 
185 
834 
17 
173 
24 
31 
44 
39 
2 
61 

825 

69 
23 

4 

7 

21 


8 
94 

4 

1 
1 
3 
4 
2 
3 

4 

1 

163 

17 

13 

1 
2 

5 


1 
4 




- 




2 


Kuwait 






_ 




. 




_ 




_ 




_ 




_ 




_ 




_ 




_ 




_ 




_ 




_ 




_ 


Africa 


1 








. 




_ 




1 




_ 







See footnotes at end of table. 



61 



TABLE 38. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED CLASS OF ADMISSION 

AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 

FISCAL YEAR 1986— Continued 



Region and country 
of citizenship 



Foreign 
govern- 
ment offi- 
cials'' 



Temp, 
visitors for 
business 



Temp, 
visitors for 
pleasure 



Transit 
aliens' 



Treaty 
traders 
and 
inves- 
tors' 



Spouses 

and 
children 

of 
students 



Temp, 
workers 

and 
trainees 



Spouses 

and 
children 
of temp, 
workers 

and 
trainees 



South Afnca 

Other Afnca 

Oceania 

Australia 

Fill 

New Zealand 

Other Oceania 

North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Antigua 

Bahamas, The 

Barbados 

Cayman Islands 

Cuba 

Dominica 

Dominican Republic 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

Netherland Antilles 

St. Kitts-Nevis 

Tnnidad & Tobago 

Other Canbbean 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

Other North America 

South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Paraguay 

Peru 

Suhname 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Other South America 

Stateless 

Unknown 

See footnotes at end of table. 



40,970 
56,450 

365,056 

239.515 

5,231 

105,863 

14,447 

1,900,415 

61,577 
770,072 
749,932 

13,398 

228.093 

23,474 

14,759 

3,193 

34,196 

66,700 

86,330 

146,961 

20,892 

9,602 

75,061 

27,273 

318,720 

10,658 

56,388 

53,652 

68,941 

57,321 

19,447 

52,313 

114 

963,136 

180,913 

19,172 

240,216 

48,477 

162,351 

60,298 

17,716 

5,780 

65,726 

9,033 

15,011 

138,402 

41 

10,069 

120,998 



384 
3,767 

5,902 

4,742 

73 

781 

306 

12,917 

1,303 

2.177 

5,743 

144 

1,432 

567 

5 

177 

373 

770 

359 

1,184 

25 

73 

313 

321 

3,694 

133 

349 

925 

373 

816 

119 

979 



11,065 

936 

252 

3,076 

1,148 

1,163 

1,270 

151 

182 

1.177 

150 

164 

1,396 



9,368 
11,328 

60,702 

44,207 

549 

13,931 

2,015 

323,885 

12,750 
127,642 
129,832 

2,923 
14,647 
3,961 
2.923 
488 
7.621 
16.634 
19.504 
38.863 
5,079 
1,436 
11,339 
4,414 
53,612 
2,087 
10,205 
7,250 
15,071 
8,819 
1,722 
8,458 
49 

157,645 

24,503 

4,136 

38,777 

10,064 

29,519 

6,720 

3,889 

899 

9.396 

1,015 

2.541 

26.177 



1,434 
20,702 



26,094 
24,057 

278,330 

178,978 

3,570 

86,482 

9,300 

1,396,185 

8,602 
602,672 
560,971 

9,916 

208,039 

16,804 

11,377 

2,093 
23,477 
44,047 
59,745 
85,954 
14,324 

7,801 

58,738 

18,656 

223,885 

7,146 
40,478 
38,382 
47,877 
37,368 
15,073 
37,561 
55 

709,040 

143,648 

11,688 

184,041 

30,151 

116,985 

46,682 

11,558 

3,629 

48,519 

6,936 

10,431 

94,745 

27 

7,915 

84.799 



604 
1,912 

6,204 

2.108 

795 

1,637 

1,664 

49,192 

613 
9,851 
19,736 

72 

834 

917 

93 

57 

1,314 

2,729 

5,180 

6,279 

152 

101 

707 

1,301 

18,989 

721 

2,337 

3,919 

2,190 

7,298 

1,397 

1,127 



23,658 

3,285 

1.002 

3,040 

2,640 

4,503 

3,010 

1,168 

541 

1,453 

342 

437 

2,235 



368 
5,378 



2,262 

676 

108 

53 

20 

1,158 



931 
4.432 

2,486 

1,111 
81 
378 
916 

39,517 

9,287 

9,704 

12,617 

238 

2,668 

408 

349 

15 

390 

624 

886 

1,850 

1,091 

96 

2,884 

1,118 

7,909 

281 

792 

1,184 

1,040 

1,691 

186 

2,735 



22,959 

1,509 
919 

3.169 
663 

4.384 

1,387 
268 
119 

1,841 
247 
174 

8,279 



147 
3,720 



139 
415 



238 

149 



34 

2,003 

724 
648 
303 

2 
75 



46 
328 



1,972 

255 
35 
390 
118 
229 
60 
13 



22 

720 



3 
425 



544 
275 

1,404 

1,139 

1 

254 

10 

35,511 

12,382 

7,234 

14,994 

36 

70 

513 

33 

516 

902 

114 

1 1 ,558 

20 

51 

144 

1,037 

901 

16 

172 

219 

258 

43 

86 

107 



3,916 

807 
55 
666 
304 
706 
67 
57 



62 

754 



61 
549 



62 



TABLE 38. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED CLASS OF ADMISSION 

AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 

FISCAL YEAR 1986— Continued 







Repre- 




Spouses 

and 
children 
of ex- 
change 
visitors 








Spouses 






Region and country 
of citizenship 


Interna- 
tional 
repre- 
senta- 
tives-' 


senta- 
tives of 
foreign 
informa- 
tion 
media' 


Ex- 
change 
visitors 


Fian- 
ces(ees) 
of U.S. 
citizens 


Children 
of fian- 

ces(ees) 
of U.S. 
citizens 


Intracom- 
pany 

transfer- 
ees 


and 
children 
of intra- 
company 
transfer- 
ees 


NATO 
offi- 
cials^ 


UnknoM^n 




109 


58 


853 


261 


21 


8 


626 








Ottier Africa 


5 118 


72 


4 099 


533 


65 


2 


207 


100 








1,25B 

820 


468 


2,927 

1 958 


1,066 

801 


138 


11 


2,136 

1 593 


1,298 

1,017 


22 






405 


106 


10 




Fiji 


32 


1 


64 


16 


4 




18 






New Zealand 


350 


61 


827 


228 


19 


1 


504 


270 


g 






56 


1 


78 


21 


9 




21 


6 








6,217 


942 


11,606 


2,302 

1 041 


1,105 

384 


173 


9,439 

5,045 

2,390 

777 


6,012 

3,121 

1,908 

375 




3 

2 




1 118 


96 


3 216 


30 






951 


611 


2,405 






101 






2,186 

19 


159 


1,498 

41 


183 


189 


23 


40 

2 






1 








4 








89 


11 


84 


11 


4 


1 


76 


29 


9 




Barbados 


117 


2 


86 


4 


4 




46 


31 


5 










1 


3 


1 




1 


2 






Cuba 


307 


1 


5 




8 


1 




3 








104 
277 


35 
71 


204 
236 


18 
78 


11 
33 




60 


32 


2 








Haiti 


326 


10 


129 


20 


11 


1 


16 


5 


4 


1 


Jamaica 


532 


8 


376 


26 


93 


9 


108 


31 


2 




Netfierland Antilles 


13 




11 


- 






68 


16 






St. Kitts-Nevis 


16 


1 


15 


1 


5 


4 


1 










309 


4 


102 


14 


12 


2 


240 


128 


7 






77 


15 


208 


8 


7 


1 


28 


13 


3 






1,962 

32 


76 


4,480 

200 


464 


78 


19 


1,227 

17 


608 






Belize 




13 


2 


1 


3 


1 






268 


31 


1 023 


163 


22 


5 


185 








El Salvador 


396 


5 


619 


60 


7 


2 


377 


221 


4 






350 




















Honduras 


275 


3 


636 


75 


21 


4 


90 


15 








441 


1 


85 


18 


5 


3 


139 


59 








200 


25 


774 


















9,832 

1.611 


1,040 

291 


7 

6,425 

918 


2,030 

490 


341 




6,148 

1,119 


3,860 

626 










Argentina 


26 


1 


13 




Bolivia 


489 


11 


257 


29 


8 


- 


127 


52 


1 


- 


Brazil 


1,406 


311 


2,068 


587 


69 


6 


1,301 


1,076 


11 


_ 


Ctiile 


1,559 


94 


613 


266 


36 


5 


464 


249 


2 


- 


Colombia 


1,183 


136 


911 


178 


74 


15 


701 


398 


8 


- 


Ecuador 


425 


48 


326 


88 


18 


- 


104 


58 


2 


- 


Guyana 


318 


6 


66 


13 


22 


10 


113 


48 


3 


_ 


Paraguay 


157 


16 


102 


19 


3 


- 


19 


16 


- 


- 


Peru 


1,197 


19 


437 


145 


51 


8 


479 


373 


1 


. 


Suriname 


95 


11 


37 


3 


1 


- 


68 


39 


_ 


_ 


Uruguay 


664 


43 


169 


42 


9 


1 


156 


55 


1 


_ 


Venezuela 


728 


52 


520 


170 


24 


3 


1,497 


870 


9 


1 


Otfier South America 


- 


2 


1 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Stateless 


24 


3 


27 


7 


6 


- 


35 


6 


2 


- 




818 


136 


1,174 


309 


113 


16 


363 


274 


88 









Excludes the following classes of admission processed in the Nonimmigrant Information System: for all countries - 
67,483 parolees, 17,547 withdrawals and stowaways, and 51,165 refugees. A total of 58,329 refugee admissions were 
reported separately on initial admittance documents. See Refugee section of text. 
' Includes spouses and unmarned minor (or dependent) children. 

' Includes foreign government officials and their spouses and unmarned minor (or dependent) children in transit. 
Includes Mainland China and Taiwan. A total of 143,076 nonimmigrant visas were issued to these two countnes in fiscal 
year 1986: 91,242 to Taiwan and 51,834 to Mainland China. (SOURCE: Report of the Visa Office, U.S. Deparfment of 
State, 1986) 
- Represents zero. NOTE: See Glossary for detailed descriptions of classes of admission. 



TABLE 39. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY CLASS OF ADMISSION 
FISCAL YEARS 1975, 1978, 1981, AND 1984-86 



Class of admission 



All classes^ 

Foreign government officials and families 

Ambassador, public minister, career diplomatic or consular 
officer (A1) 

Otfier foreign government official or employee (A2) 

Attendant, servant, or personal employee of A1 and A2 

classes (A3) 

Temporary visitors 

For business (B1) 

For pleasure (B2) 

Transit aliens 

Alien in transit (C1) 

Alien in transit to tfie U.N. (C2) 

Foreign government official and family in transit (C3) 

Transit without visa (C4) 

Treaty traders and investors and families 

Treaty trader (E1) 

Treaty investor (E2) 

Students 

Academic student (F1) 

Vocational student (M1) 

Spouses and children of students 

Academic student (F2) 

Vocational student (M2) 

International representatives and families 

Principal of recognized foreign government (G1) 

Otfier rep. of recognized foreign government (G2) 

Rep. of nonrecognized foreign government (G3) 

International organization officer or employee (G4) 

Attendant servant or personal employee of rep.(G5) 

Temporary wori<ers and trainees 

Distinguisfied ment or ability (HI) 

Performing services unavailable in tfie U.S. (H2) 

Industrial trainee (H3) 

Spouses and cfiildren of temporary woriters and trainees (H4) 

Representatives of foreign information media and families (II) 

Excfiange visitors (J1) 

Spouses and cfiildren of excfiange visitors (J2) 

Fiances(ees) of U.S. citizens (K1) 

Cfiildren of fiances(ees) of U.S. citizens (K2) 

Intracompany transferees (LI) 

Spouses and children of intracompany transferees (L2) 

NATO officials and families (Nl-7) 

Unknown 



6S,426 



11,991 
55,079 



5,587,410 

527,387 
5,060,023 

272,987 

187,693 

382 

7,494 

77,418 

35,031 

NA 
NA 

107,495 

107,495 
C) 
10,465 

10,465 
C) 

32,624 

4,457 
4,786 

256 
22,194 

931 

56,766 

15,550 

37,460 

3,756 

10,568 

6,058 

46,001 
17,377 



12,570 
9,769 



8,290,108 



15,437 
66,915 

1,434 

7,443,337 

800,652 
6,642,685 

273,123 

186,423 

301 

9,806 

76,593 

50,431 

NA 
NA 

187,030 

187,030 

e) 

19,667 

19,667 


44,042 

6,655 
7,675 

227 
28,573 

912 

42,979 

16.838 
22,832 
3,309 
8,294 

9,979 

53,319 
21,778 

5,730 
687 

21,495 
18,521 



11,756,903 
84,710 



10,650,592 

1,135,422 
9,515,170 

214,218 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

80,802 

NA 



240,805 

NA 



31,056 

NA 



54,223 



NA 
NA 



44,770 

NA 



10,110 
16,708 



80,230 
27,793 



5,456 
742 



38,595 
26,449 



7,124 
142,520 



9,292,732 



21,091 
66,383 



8,217,996 

1,623,421 
6,594,575 

238,411 

143,227 

1,190 

7,293 

86,701 

90,510 

61,690 
28,820 

227,394 

222,406 
4,988 
29,071 

28,487 
584 

56,557 

8,121 

7,583 

267 

39,456 

1,130 

68,730 

42,473 
23,362 
2.895 
10,831 

19,051 

94,008 
26.919 

6,386 
753 

62,359 
41,264 

7,792 

5,343 



9,539,880 

90,190 

21,168 
67.084 I 



8,405,409 

1,796,819 
6,608,590 

236,537 

138,957 

1,804 

7,010 

88,766 

96,489 

65,406 
31,083 

257,069 

251,234 
5,835 
28,427 

27,747 
680 

57,203 

8,316 

6.989 

271 

40.397 

1.230 

74,869 

47.322 
24.544 
3,003 
12,632 

16,753 

110,942 
30,271 

6,975 
832 

65,349 
41,533 



77 



24 



' See Glossary for detailed descriptions of classes of admission. 

' Excludes classes of admission processed as nonimmigrants in the following years; 1975 - 799,951 returning resident aliens; 1978 - 1,053,602 returning 
resident aliens; 1984 - 63,263 parolees (R1-3), 2,260 withdrawals (R4) and stowaways (R5), and 68,504 refugees (RF); 1985 - 64,487 parolees (R1-3), 3,239 
withdrawals (R4) and stowaways (R5). and 68,044 refugees (RF); 1986 - 67,483 parolees {R1-3), 17,547 withdrawals (R4) and stowaways (R5), and 51,165 
refugees (RF) A total of 58.329 refugee admissions were reported separately on initial admittance documents. See Refugee section of text. 

' Ml and M2 were not classes of admission in 1975 or 1978. 

- Represents zero. NA Not available. NOTE: Fiscal year 1975 began July 1, 1974 and ended June 30, 1975. "Family," "immediate family." and "spouse and 
children" are defined as spouse and unmarried minor (or dependent) children. 



64 



NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED AS TEMPORARY WORKERS, EXCHANGE VISITORS, AND INTRACOMPANY 
TRANSFEREES BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 
FISCAL YEAR 1986 







Workers of 










Region and country of citizenship 


Total 


distinguished 

merit and ability 

(HI) 


Other 

temporary 

workers (H2) 


Industrial 
trainees (H3) 


Exchange 
visitors (J1) 


Intracompany 
transferees (LI) 


All countries 


282,700 


54,428 


28,014 


2,919 

1,289 

23 


130,416 

87,484 

747 


66,925 

33,067 

535 


Europe 


128,345 


24,942 


1,563 


Austria 


1,943 


562 


76 


Belgium 


2,738 


426 


55 


20 


1,319 
78 


918 


Bulgaria 


117 


35 






4 


Czechoslovakia 


251 


118 


. 


I 


109 


24 


Denmark 


3,356 


308 


56 


45 


2,264 

2,069 

7,477 

46 


683 


Finland 


2,577 


153 


11 


21 


323 


France 


15,230 


2,765 


62 


178 


4,748 
9 


German Democratic Rep 


211 


153 




3 


Germany, Federal Rep 


15,532 


1,876 


87 


188 


10,128 


3,253 
142 


Greece 


1,193 


319 


98 


7 


627 


Hungary 


928 


318 




3 


565 


42 


Iceland 


406 


27 


2 


5 


317 


55 


Ireland 


7,259 


1,460 


77 


64 


5,009 


649 


Italy 


6,367 


1,339 


95 


74 


3,490 


1,369 


Liechtenstein 


26 

117 


1 
28 


1 


1 


3 
51 


22 


Luxembourg 


36 


Malta 


43 
5,505 


6 

771 


51 


1 
57 


30 
2,728 


6 


Netherlands 


1,898 
417 


Norway 


2,741 


237 


40 


64 


1,983 


Poland 


1,366 


440 


46 


12 


777 


91 


Portugal 


797 


89 


22 




437 


249 


Romania 


113 
6,741 


46 
1,305 


1 
87 


86 


53 
4,492 


13 


Spain 


771 


Sweden 


7,209 


909 


73 


44 


3,412 


2,771 


Switzerland 


3,816 


654 


44 


55 


1,871 


1,192 
79 


U.S.S.R 


735 
39,816 


370 
9,898 


1 
490 


328 


285 

16,375 


United Kingdom 


12,725 


Yugoslavia 


1,201 


328 


88 


10 


733 


42 


Other Europe 


11 


1 






9 


1 


Asia 


82,727 

9 


11,449 

1 


2,443 


918 


33,257 

4 


14,660 

4 


Afghanistan 




Bahrain 


142 






2 


140 




Bangladesh 


277 


30 


_ 




239 


8 


Brunei 


17 


- 


- 


- 


17 


- 


Burma 


69 


1 


- 


- 


68 


_ 


China' 


13,126 


1,044 


411 


115 


9,127 


2,429 


Cyprus 


578 


28 


1 


- 


541 


8 


Hong Kong 


1,567 


484 


3 


20 


427 


633 


India 


4,530 


1,294 


52 


34 


2,210 


940 


Indonesia 


1,109 


41 


2 


6 


959 


101 


Iran 


527 


99 


1 


2 


129 


296 


Iraq 


103 


9 


2 


3 


52 


37 


Israel 


4,847 


1,347 


55 


34 


2,693 


718 


Japan 


17,149 


2,286 


938 


327 


7,165 


6,433 


Jordan 


575 


31 


1 


2 


473 


68 


Korea 


3,119 


322 


496 


47 


1,523 


731 


Kuwait 


220 


20 


- 


- 


162 


38 


Lebanon 


1,273 


196 


1 


8 


797 


271 


Malaysia 


1,118 


87 


2 


5 


898 


126 


Maldives 


14 


- 


- 


- 


14 


_ 


Nepal 


139 


8 


- 


- 


130 


1 


Oman 


869 


2 


- 


- 


864 


3 


Pakistan 


1,317 


112 


21 


7 


924 


253 


Philippines 


5,921 


3,511 


405 


72 


848 


1,085 


Qatar 


33 


1 


- 


- 


32 


- 


Saudi Arabia 


757 


25 


2 


56 


647 


27 


Singapore 


658 


84 


2 


136 


213 


223 




433 


75 


3 


- 


313 


42 


Syna 


168 


13 


- 


- 


99 


56 


Thailand 


681 


67 


28 


4 


557 


25 


Turkey 


1,060 


226 


15 


2 


723 


94 


United Arab Emirates 


124 


- 


1 


36 


84 


3 



See footnotes at end of table. 



65 



TABLE 40. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED AS TEMPORARY WORKERS, EXCHANGE VISITORS, AND INTRACOMPANY 

TRANSFEREES BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 

FISCAL YEAR 1986— Continued 







Workers of 


Other 












distinguished 


Industrial 


Exchange 


Intracompany 


Region and country of citizenship 


Total 


merit and ability 
(HI) 


temporary 
workers (H2) 


trainees (H3) 


visitors (J1) 


transferees (LI) 


Vietnam 


14 


1 


_ 


. 


10 


3 


Yemen (Sanaa) 


171 


1 


_ 


_ 


169 


1 


Other Asia 


13 


3 


1 


_ 


6 


3 


Africa 


9,907 


1,190 


79 


45 


7,516 


1,077 


Algena 


487 


9 


- 


- 


457 


21 


Benin 


63 


1 


30 


- 


32 


- 


Botswana 


135 


5 


- 


- 


130 


- 


Burundi 


41 


- 


- 


- 


41 


- 


Cameroon 


148 


10 


- 


1 


134 


3 


Cape Verde 


28 


- 


2 


- 


24 


2 


Central African Hep 


13 


- 


1 


- 


12 


- 


Chad 


25 


- 


- 




25 


- 


Congo 


35 


- 


- 


- 


35 


- 


Djibouti 


24 


- 


- 


- 


24 


- 


Egypt 


1,336 


79 


2 


8 


1,136 


111 


Ethiopia 


104 


3 


1 


- 


81 


19 


Gabon 


16 


- 


- 


- 


14 


2 


Gambia The 


65 


1 


- 


- 


63 


1 




240 


33 


1 


1 


200 


5 


Guinea 


47 


1 


- 


- 


45 


1 


Guinea Bissau 


17 


- 


- 


- 


17 


- 


Ivory Coast 


125 


2 


- 


- 


123 


- 


Kenya 


284 


22 


1 


2 


232 


27 


Lesotho 


68 


- 


- 


- 


67 


1 


Libena 


130 


6 


2 


3 


112 


7 


Libya 


24 


5 


- 


1 


5 


13 


Madagascar 


51 


- 


- 


- 


51 


- 


Malawi 


68 


- 


- 


- 


67 


1 


Mall 


103 


6 


- 


- 


96 


1 


Mauritania 


34 


- 


- 


- 


33 


1 


Mauritius 


46 


1 


- 


- 


40 


5 


Morocco 


523 


78 


2 


1 


406 


36 


Mozambique 


15 


- 


- 


- 


15 


- 


Namibia 


17 


- 


- 


- 


17 


- 


Niger 


36 


- 


- 


- 


36 


- 


Nigeria 


1,210 


303 


- 


7 


829 


71 


Rwanda 


77 


1 


- 


- 


76 


- 


Senegal 


226 


39 


3 


- 


167 


17 


Seychelles 


18 


1 


- 


- 


17 


- 


Sierra Leone 


80 


15 


2 


- 


61 


2 


Somalia 


129 


5 


1 


- 


118 


5 


South Atnca 


2,023 


498 


30 


16 


853 


626 


Sudan 


187 


10 


- 


- 


168 


9 


Swaziland 


53 


- 


- 


- 


53 


- 


Tanzania 


124 


4 


- 


- 


106 


14 


Togo 


94 


- 


- 


- 


93 


1 


Tunisia 


683 


15 


- 


- 


621 


47 


Uganda 


102 


5 


- 


- 


96 


1 


Zaire 


155 


12 


- 


3 


138 


2 


Zambia 


149 


2 


- 


2 


125 


20 


Zimbabwe 


237 


18 


1 


- 


213 


5 


Other Africa 


12 


- 


- 


- 


12 


- 


Oceania 


6,467 


1,285 


67 


52 


2,927 


2,136 


Australia 


4,690 
83 
14 

1,585 
19 
35 


1,051 
230 


42 

1 

18 


46 
6 


1,958 
64 
13 
827 
6 
35 


1,593 


Fiji 


18 


Kiribati 


. 


New Zealand 


504 


Pacific Is. Trust Ter 


12 


Papua New Guinea 


- 


Tonga 


17 




5 


_ 


9 


2 


Western Samoa 


13 


_ 


1 


_ 


5 


7 


Other Oceania 


11 




_ 


_ 


10 


- 


North America 


56,556 


11,799 


23,319 


393 


11,606 


9,439 







See footnotes at end of table. 



66 



TABLE 40. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED AS TEMPORARY WORKERS, EXCHANGE VISITORS, AND INTRACOMPANY 

TRANSFEREES BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 

FISCAL YEAR 1986— Continued 



Region and country of citizenship 


Total 


Workers of 

distinguished 

merit and ability 

(HI) 


Other 

temporary 

workers (H2) 


Industrial 
trainees (H3) 


Exchange 
visitors (J1) 


Intracompany 
transferees (LI) 


Canada 


20,643 

7 


6,144 


6,042 


196 


3,216 

7 


5,045 


Greenland 




Mexico . 


12.029 


3,217 


3,913 


104 


2,405 


2,390 


Caribbean 


17,269 


1,793 


13,140 


61 


1,498 


777 


Antigua 


81 


18 


18 


- 


41 


4 


Bahamas The 


230 


51 


15 


4 


84 


76 


Barbados 


645 


15 


487 


11 


86 


46 


Bermuda 


42 


24 


1 


6 


9 


2 


Cuba .. 


38 


18 


14 


1 


5 


- 


Dominica 


780 


168 


335 


13 


204 


60 


Dominican Republic 


1,267 


614 


277 


11 


236 


129 


Grenada 


154 


6 


25 


- 


120 


3 


Haiti ... 


259 


103 


8 


3 


129 


16 


Jamaica 


12,042 


600 


10,951 


7 


376 


108 


Netherland Antilles 


99 


13 


7 


- 


11 


68 


St. Kitts Nevis 


67 


48 


3 


- 


15 


1 


St. Lucia 


546 


6 


498 


- 


36 


6 




499 


5 


461 


- 


27 


6 


Trinidad & Tobago 


486 


101 


39 


4 


102 


240 


Other Caribbean 


34 


3 


1 


1 


17 


12 


Central America 


6,608 


645 


224 


32 


4,480 


1,227 


Belize 


233 


4 


11 


1 


200 


17 


Costa Rica 


1,380 


124 


39 


9 


1,023 


185 


El Salvador 


1,215 


185 


21 


13 


619 


377 


Guatemala 


1,696 


160 


93 


5 


1,143 


295 


Honduras 


769 


33 


9 


1 


636 


90 


Nicaragua 


310 


75 


9 


2 


85 


139 


Panama 


1,005 
16,489 


64 
3,302 


42 
424 


1 
190 


774 
6,425 


124 


South America 


6,148 


Argentina 


2,844 


755 


27 


25 


918 


1,119 


Bolivia 


439 
4,035 
1,381 
2,318 

497 
1 


51 
556 
249 
637 

56 


3 
25 
43 
45 


1 
85 
12 
24 

11 


257 
2,068 
613 
911 
326 
1 


127 


Brazil 


1,301 


Chile 


464 


Colombia 


701 


Ecuador 


104 


French Guiana 




Guyana 


236 


44 


13 


_ 


66 


113 


Paraguay 


125 


4 






102 


19 


Peru 


1,341 
114 
387 


260 
8 
55 


164 
4 


1 
1 
3 


437 
37 
169 


479 


Surjname 


68 


Uruguay 


156 


Venezuela 


2,771 

123 

2,086 


627 

58 
401 


100 

1 

118 


27 
2 
30 


520 
27 

1,174 


1.497 


Stateless 


35 


Unknown 


363 







' Includes Mainland China and Taiwan. The number of nonimmigrant visas issued in fiscal year 1986 for Mainland China were: 449 Hi's. 263 H2's. 
86 H3's. 7,742 Jl's. and 515 Li's. The number of nonimmigrant visas issued to Taiwan were: 398 Hi's, 88 H2's. 53 H3's. 1,003 Jl's, and 380 Li's. 
(SOURCE: Report of the Visa Office. U.S. Department of State. 1986) 

- Represents zero. 

NOTE: See Glossary for detailed descriptions of classes of admission. 



67 



NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED PORT OF ENTRY AND REGION 
AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 
FISCAL YEAR 1986 



Region and country of 
citizenship 



All ports' 



Agana 



Chicago 



Los Angeles 



All countries 

Europe 

Austria 

Belgium 

Czechoslovakia 

Denmark 

Finland 

France 

German Democratic Rep 

Germany, Federal Rep 

Greece 

Hungary 

Iceland 

Ireland 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

U.SS.R 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

Cambodia 

China' 

Cyprus 

Hong Kong 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Kuwait 

Laos 

Lebanon 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Saudi Arabia 

Singapore 

Sn Lanka 

Syna 

Thailand 

Turkey 

Vietnam 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Egypt 

Ethiopia 

Liberia 

Morocco 

Nigeria 

South Afnca 

Other Afnca 

Oceania 

Australia 

Fiji 

See footnotes at end of table. 



10,471,024 

4,046,399 

62,795 

78,971 

7,156 

77,561 

48,070 

472,092 

1,891 

669,599 

57.393 

15,605 

10,089 

111,585 

294,061 

194,036 

87,040 

57,376 

37,387 

5,791 

129,303 

149,091 

168,663 

8,172 

1,265,821 

27,701 

9,150 

2,873,395 

396 

203,830 

5,326 

75,544 

120,992 

35,912 

42,561 

141,449 

1,704,010 

20,815 

121,590 

11,378 

478 

26,567 

39,917 

38,323 

122.976 

36,093 

32,502 

7,987 

9.218 

25.921 

20.032 

1,930 

27,648 

191,556 

26,522 
4,779 
5,015 
7.787 
50.033 
40.970 
56.450 

365,056 

239.515 
5,231 



4,038 


168,841 


81 


2.367 


34 


3,479 


- 


124 


77 


979 


48 


457 


253 


17,403 


- 


23 


470 


24,083 


3 


2,848 


5 


556 


5 


65 


25 


16,451 


139 


6,873 


155 


4,357 


32 


960 


6 


286 


134 


5,327 


1 


26 


40 


921 


77 


2,391 


149 


10,301 


1 


112 


2.226 


68,069 


72 


184 


5 


199 



343,718 



878 

226 

1,858 



2 
281 
96 



8,318 

1.216 



3,886 

649 
204 
38 
106 
682 
758 
1.449 

2,876 

2.278 



349,087 

208,668 

3.892 

4,352 

405 

6,223 

1,575 

20.099 

149 

50,291 

3,330 

1.194 

2.196 

1,859 

10,892 

13,974 

4,921 

12,151 

253 

58 

1,710 

10,263 

12.513 

130 

42.526 

2.905 

807 

96,420 



467 


9,431 


290 


383 


320 


3.425 


2.356 


4,461 


282 


1,125 


1.977 


3.397 


3.963 


3,169 


2.036 


42,157 


438 


2,703 


292 


7,416 


213 


309 


23 


33 


1,469 


1,233 


486 


2.282 


583 


2,110 


324 


7,198 


588 


984 


329 


623 


265 


255 


350 


831 


344 


715 


636 


889 


48 


95 


1,049 


1,177 



6,337 

1,173 

209 

55 

86 

1,821 

1,010 

1,983 

3,277 

2,629 



1,073 

30 

568 

219 

14,794 

10 

17,309 

148 

44 

38 

551 

1,741 

1.396 

680 

54 

126 

8 

813 

1.209 

1.414 



70 
243 
136 
434 
267 
533 

95 

71 

135 

2.322 

210 

51 
509 



1,044,504 

65,096 

1,051 

411 

51 

1,401 

574 

6.511 

3 

7,701 

108 

31 

25 

1,147 

976 

2,156 

1,258 

60 

663 

7 

286 

3,318 

1.995 

15 

35.143 

105 

100 

815,971 



876 


38,661 


20 


9 


125 


15,958 


892 


1.304 


116 


6,165 


1.270 


255 


338 


611 


3.757 


696,235 



89 

9,943 

390 

16,936 

321 

8,686 

610 

25 

4,795 

137 

35 

835 



2,469 


1,029 


109 


67 


107 


24 


10 


9 


42 


17 


750 


34 


739 


575 


712 


303 


840 


146,868 


639 


88,608 


- 


2,354 



83,158 

844 

1,490 

35 

861 

309 

8,782 

16 

10,407 

1,108 

117 

20 

854 

3,115 

5,059 

2,313 

83 

169 

16 

3,008 

1,187 

3,682 

18 

39,323 

181 

161 

11,296 

18 

262 

54 

87 

1,300 

154 

912 

746 

1,731 

441 

172 

56 

1 

821 

142 

1.254 

266 

1,297 

70 

118 

250 



3,503 

442 



1,860 
315 
707 

5,872 

3,012 



68 



TABLE 41. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED PORT OF ENTRY AND REGION 

AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 

FISCAL YEAR 1986— Continued 



Region and country of 
citizenship 



San 
Francisco 



Washington 



All countries 

Europe 

Austria 

Belgium 

Czechoslovakia 

Denmark 

Finland 

France 

German Democratic Rep 

Germany, Federal Rep 

Greece 

Hungary 

Iceland 

Ireland 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

U.S.S.R 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

Cambodia 

China' 

Cyprus 

Hong Kong 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Kuwait 

Laos 

Lebanon 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Saudi Arabia 

Singapore 

Sri Lanka 

Syria 

Thailand 

Turkey 

Vietnam 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Egypt 

Ethiopia 

Liberia 

Morocco 

Nigeria 

South Africa 

Other Africa 

Oceania 

Australia 

Fiji 

See footnotes at end of table. 



397,826 

5,338 

6,101 

278 

3,162 

2,979 

35,590 

69 

67,986 

2,589 

391 

218 

4,224 

19,948 

16,471 

8,186 

395 

3,187 

88 

28,275 

7,148 

16,306 

63 

167,573 

625 

636 

44,485 

4 

3,187 

202 

1,007 

4,859 

401 

911 

8,718 

12,016 

468 

3,303 

443 

8 

1,233 

470 

1,293 

2,003 

615 

344 

401 

302 

273 

1,096 

20 

908 

4,746 

507 
59 

31 

213 

894 

1,177 

1,865 

7,286 

5,832 
24 



31,754 

494 

426 

11 

252 

224 

3,329 

1 

4,692 

274 

35 

20 

453 

2,433 

872 

615 

24 

200 

4 

1,095 

854 

1,575 



30 
90 

459 
24 
64 

552 

2,112 

36 

177 
26 



78 
124 
254 

73 



3 
23 
35 
135 



719 

527 



2,721,182 

1,568,860 

27,479 
30,372 

3,708 

37,992 

26,119 

210,684 

1,280 
211,286 
36,725 

8,465 

5,549 
67,088 
192,827 
68.418 
43,056 
36,414 
19,820 

4,734 
66,000 
81,284 
71.413 

4,513 

293,812 

15,963 

3,859 

550,495 

144 

26,131 

3.276 

9.247 

76,739 

4,223 

13.914 

97.294 

144.800 

11.576 

33.896 

7,925 

89 

12.056 

3.960 

24.472 

17.910 

24.249 

2.798 

3,298 

4,767 

3,931 

11,736 

531 

11,533 

130,227 

17.677 
2,336 
4,529 
5.586 
37.068 
29.624 
33.407 

25,102 

20,236 



113,506 

2.136 

2,103 

121 

711 

907 

6,047 

41 

34.365 

528 

161 

74 

1.649 

3.172 

2,694 

1,155 

195 

745 

17 

757 

1.230 

6.199 

113 

47.842 

271 

273 

272,621 

12 

50,819 

61 

15,610 

4,011 

6,648 

2.564 

808 

137.726 

323 

4,054 

258 

24 

377 

5,093 

654 

32,600 

607 

6,173 

272 

107 

2,639 

264 

132 

785 

1,812 

186 

117 



206 
616 
650 

30,768 

27,188 
664 



59,197 

974 

800 

47 

865 

597 

10,776 

5 

10,116 

431 

18 

90 

273 

6,293 

4,604 

846 

28 

253 

4 

10,522 

854 

2,505 



2,493 



457 
39 
41 
295 
773 
25 



336 

262 



183,421 

52,539 

347 

1,105 

64 

3,314 

2,312 

1,425 

14 

7,797 

202 

93 

32 

404 

754 

8,412 

4,722 

170 

212 

20 

208 

5.519 

869 

67 

14.294 

125 

58 

121,600 

6 

10,833 

12 

8,896 

1.448 

1.835 

406 

279 

73.577 

71 

8.941 

226 

116 

160 

2.782 

220 

5.104 

606 

953 

123 

97 

3.802 

115 

62 

930 

598 



29 
132 
224 

2,917 

2,075 



175,459 

106,905 

1,156 

2,318 

187 

529 

970 

21.302 

17 

17.792 

789 

540 

51 

991 

3,879 

1,906 

1,025 

271 

191 

92 

1,281 

1,861 

2,422 

1,621 

44,884 

470 

360 

25,323 

21 
219 
205 
68 

3,303 
274 

2,367 

1,766 

6,543 

680 

227 

463 

9 

1,319 
310 

1,452 
464 

1,128 
107 
428 
217 
255 
658 
69 

2,771 

8,580 

1.116 
667 
63 
176 
937 
479 

5.142 

2,531 

1.955 



1,422.664 

759,450 

10,258 

19,057 

1,642 

9,023 

6.129 

69.469 

181 

143.240 

6.357 

2.432 

1.624 

11.276 

22,314 

42,243 

9,844 

6,118 

4,982 

515 

9,389 

12,895 

29,156 

827 

333.232 

5.357 

1.890 

126,209 

64 
7.418 

559 

7,910 

1 1 ,574 

1.880 

5.052 

12.134 

39.187 

1.346 

5.710 

505 
54 
3.237 
3.878 
3.038 
8,302 
2,508 
2,328 
1.019 

913 
1.367 
2.351 

325 
3.550 

18.294 

2.405 
475 
167 
1,171 
3,346 
3,430 
7,300 

30,608 

20,401 
912 



69 



NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED PORT OF ENTRY AND REGION 
AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 
FISCAL YEAR 1986— Continued 



Region and country of 
citizenship 



All ports' 



Agana 



Chicago 



Los Angeles 



New Zealand 

Other Oceania 

North America 

Canada , 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Antigua 

Bahamas, The 

Barbados 

Cayman Islands 

Cuba 

Dominica 

Dominican Republic 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

Netherland Antilles 

St. Kitts-Nevis 

Trinidad & Tobago 

Other Canbbean 

Central America . 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

Other North America 

South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Paraguay 

Peru 

Suriname 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Other South America 

Stateless 

Unknown 

See footnotes at end of table. 



105,863 
14,447 

1,900,415 

61.577 
770,072 
749,932 

13,398 

228,093 

23,474 

14,759 

3,193 

34,196 

66,700 

86,330 

146,961 

20,892 

9,602 

75,061 

27,273 

318,720 

10,658 

56,388 

53,652 

68,941 

57,321 

19,447 

52,313 

114 

963,136 

180,913 

19,172 

240,216 

48,477 

162,351 

60,298 

17,716 

5,780 

65,726 

9,033 

15,011 

138,402 

41 

10,069 

120,998 



342 
6,683 



29 

424 

32 



571 


617 


17 


17 


3,712 


26,507 


1,596 


2,506 


424 


22.179 


1,453 


576 


25 


5 



382 
365 
236 



1,348 

268 

37 
369 
131 
147 



17 



124 
2 



258 
1,177 



51 
121 
27 



1,243 

12 



406 
500 



1,847 

369 
54 
495 
214 
182 



59,111 

901 

57.247 

369 

7 

71 



38 
593 

27 
122 
123 

78 
128 

62 



1,847 

432 
85 
347 
137 
221 
68 



49.643 
6.263 

5,008 

801 
2,893 

512 
11 
72 



589 
5,442 



111 
137 
802 



224 

118 



5,136 

1,025 

45 

1,599 

594 

745 

202 

10 

46 

446 

10 

153 

261 



479 
4,917 



2.729 
57 

153,152 

456 
130.453 

794 
2 
31 
14 

243 

172 
31 
38 
29 

100 



74 

42 

21,448 

1,496 

983 

3,954 

7,650 

6,180 

734 

451 

1 

6,601 

743 

279 

620 

315 

726 

204 

20 

32 

445 

5 

116 

3,096 



32 
3,693 



32.359 
769 

169,635 

2.008 

135.753 

1,803 

8 

86 



51 
137 

42 
958 

41 

9 

245 

110 

30,064 

423 

5,247 

10,647 

9,676 

824 

1,361 

1,886 



42,169 

10,338 

384 

15,273 

2,790 

4,086 

2,641 

43 

233 

4,839 

62 

861 

614 

5 



70 



NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED PORT OF ENTRY AND REGION 
AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 
FISCAL YEAR 1986— Continued 



Region and country of 
citizenship 


Miami 


Nassau 


New \0T\<. 


San 
Francisco 


San Juan 


Seattle 


Washington 


Other" 


New Zealand 


1,370 


142 


4,653 


2.750 


67 


791 


551 


9.077 


Other Oceania 


60 
593,121 


34 
158,567 


117 
195,967 


166 
22,314 


4 
77,016 


24 
3,730 


18 

25,761 

675 


218 


North America 


406,249 

42.433 


Canada 


2,507 


416 


5,008 


1.399 


84 


738 


Mexico 


105.616 


1,562 


31,974 


17.105 


10,438 


2,547 


23,564 


228,292 


Caribbean 


275,401 


155,570 


151,372 


626 


62,887 


181 


862 


97,067 


Antigua 


2.104 


40 


3,915 


4 


3,281 


8 


6 


3,982 


Bahamas The 


33.387 


147,631 


765 


109 


447 


21 


311 


45.027 


Barbados 


8.457 


473 


10.574 


35 


1.463 


11 


20 


2.017 


Cayman Islands 


13.436 


111 


87 


6 


22 


6 


4 


802 


Cuba 


1.752 


79 


627 


32 


97 


- 


81 


264 


Dominica 


10.087 


97 


10,631 


33 


9,596 


13 


23 


3,566 


Dominican Republic 


19.398 


133 


22,235 


61 


20,562 


10 


73 


3,912 


Haiti 


40.072 


2,977 


24,484 


25 


12,290 


11 


76 


6,114 


Jamaica 


94.403 


2,472 


34.854 


91 


917 


43 


96 


12,618 


Netherland Antilles 


10,703 


50 


3.057 


39 


5,604 


3 


10 


1,312 


St Kitts Nevis 


888 


49 


555 


1 


1,837 


3 


15 


6,229 


Tnnidad & Tobago 


30.865 


693 


33,854 


142 


3,471 


47 


97 


4,855 


Other Caribbean 


9.849 


765 


5,734 


48 


3.300 


5 


50 


6,369 


Central America 


209,595 


1,016 


7,575 


3,183 


3,606 


264 


660 


38,403 

2,555 


Belize 


5.781 


56 


129 


31 


12 


8 


79 


Costa Rica 


42.077 


145 


867 


115 


1,414 


54 


91 


4,949 


El Salvador 


28.638 


136 


623 


1.554 


232 


15 


134 


7,085 


Guatemala 


40.302 


223 


772 


552 


191 


34 


105 


8,574 


Honduras 


39,015 


134 


579 


145 


118 


45 


74 


9,876 


Nicaragua 


13.961 


86 


405 


541 


99 


34 


84 


1,936 


Panama 


39.821 


236 


4,200 


245 


1.540 


74 


93 


3,428 


Other North America 


2 


3 


38 


1 


1 


- 


- 


54 


South America 


593,059 


4,678 


216,349 


3,578 


20,603 


549 


3,677 

704 


61,609 

6,966 


Argentina 


97,650 


1.304 


57,745 


474 


2,807 


84 


Bolivia 


15,514 


57 


917 


74 


367 


10 


151 


1.197 


Brazil 


125,784 


984 


62,457 


928 


1,211 


117 


769 


29,233 


Chile 


30.339 


253 


9,125 


794 


855 


90 


372 


2,457 


Colombia 


128.768 


501 


15,251 


272 


4,635 


81 


463 


6,272 


Ecuador 


41.908 


140 


11,657 


103 


984 


13 


193 


2.059 


Guyana 


3,612 


400 


11,376 


25 


525 


4 


60 


1.585 


Paraguay 


4,551 


32 


577 


14 


19 


4 


38 


205 


Peiu 


44,545 


383 


7,652 


331 


2.706 


49 


337 


3.311 


Sunname 


8,314 


20 


333 


57 


81 


8 


4 


118 


Uruguay 


6,838 


85 


5,472 


68 


287 


10 


154 


821 


Venezuela 


85,221 


519 


33,778 


438 


6,123 


79 


430 


7,381 


Other South America 


15 




9 




3 




2 


4 


Stateless 


165 


17 


1,798 


513 


4 


134 


81 


5,132 


Unknown 


23,691 


2.180 


32,384 


3.332 


5,150 


1.354 


2.601 


15,113 







' Excludes the following classes of admission processed in the Nonimmigrant Information System: for all countries - 67,483 parolees, 17,547 
withdrawals and stowaways, and 51,165 refugees. A total of 58,329 refugee admissions were reported separately on initial admittance documents. 
See Refugee section of text. 

' Includes Mainland China and Taiwan. A total of 143.076 nonimmigrant visas were issued to these two countries in fiscal year 1986: 91,242 to 
Taiwan and 51,834 to Mainland China. (SOURCE: Report of the Visa Office, U.S. Department of State, 1986) 

' Includes unknown porl of entry. 

- Represents zero. 



71 



TABLE 42. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY AGE AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 

FISCAL YEAR 1986 







Under 15 


15 - 19 


20 - 24 


25 -34 


35-44 


45 -64 


65 years 




Region and country of citizenship 


All ages' 


years 


years 


years 


years 


years 


years 


and over 


Unknown 


All countries 


10,471,024 

4,046,399 

62,795 

78,971 

7.156 

77,561 

48,070 

472,092 

1,891 


850,147 

258,421 

2,878 
4,386 
358 
4,023 
3,084 
34,827 
66 


546,847 

231,040 

3,441 

4,141 

112 

6,387 

4,187 

39,670 

25 


1,137,260 

379,484 

7,517 

6,216 

239 

9,088 

4,111 

44,630 

60 


2,573,590 

851,441 

14,308 
18,039 

989 
14,975 
10,164 
101,336 

215 


2,213,197 

921,206 

15,141 
19,627 
1.566 
18.757 
12.939 
113.165 
299 


2,555,840 

1,127,792 

16,026 
22,458 
2,670 
19,387 
11,201 
114.322 
825 


560,982 

266,826 

3.368 
3,899 
1,202 
4,735 
2,318 
23,067 
397 


33,161 


Europe 


10,189 


Austria 


116 


Belaium 


205 


Czechosloval<ia 


20 


Denmark 


209 


Finland 


66 


France 


1,075 


German Democratic Rep 


4 


Germany, Federal Rep 


669,599 


31,311 


46,813 


62,913 


131.179 


141,373 


207,913 


46,808 


1,289 


Greece 


57,393 
15,605 


3,403 
1,048 


2,433 
687 


5,969 
729 


11.975 
2.744 


10,816 
3,451 


17,039 
5.008 


5,524 
1,894 


234 


Hungary 


44 


Iceland 


10,089 
111,585 
294,061 
194,036 

87,040 


1,189 
7,625 
13,709 
9,125 
5,467 


647 
6,589 
14,597 
8,302 
5,539 


1,277 
23,984 
25,046 
15,422 

8,646 


2.233 
28,240 
68,329 
40,600 
18,933 


1,894 
18,267 
68,243 
48,141 
21,584 


2.342 
20,654 
88,936 
57,040 
21,537 


457 
5,906 
14,423 
14,826 
5,073 


50 


Ireland 


320 


Italy 


778 


Nettierlands 


580 


Norway 


261 


Poland 


57,376 
37,387 


2,310 
2,901 


1,337 
1,866 


2,700 
3,202 


15,162 
8.634 


14,325 
8,326 


18,055 
9,653 


3,342 
2,624 


145 


Portugal 


181 


Romania 


5,791 
129,303 
149,091 
168,663 

8,172 
1,265,821 


141 

8,666 

8,400 

8,135 

653 

102,316 


90 
10,496 
9,552 
6.748 
139 
55,569 


80 

10,045 

15,331 

21,069 

279 

108,574 


645 
28,061 
29,096 
42,480 
1,543 
253,960 


1,070 
31,118 
38,929 
35,068 

2.082 
286.396 


2.412 
34.195 
39.663 
45.235 

3.049 
356.607 


1,329 
6,199 
7,788 
9,595 
398 
99,140 


24 


Spain 


523 


Sweden 


332 


Switzerland 


333 


U.S.S.R 


29 


United Kingdom 


3,259 


Yugoslavia 


27,701 


1,841 


1,307 


1,630 


5.524 


6,480 


8,922 


1,914 


83 


Other Europe 


9,150 


559 


366 


727 


2.077 


2,149 


2,643 


600 


29 


Asia 


2,873,395 


178,393 


107,010 


444,861 


893,759 


524,087 


602,319 


116,821 


6,145 


Cambodia 


396 

203,830 

5,326 


44 

9,456 

261 


32 

2.958 

323 


35 
1 1 ,095 
1,806 


126 

58.601 

1.107 


54 

45,856 

592 


82 

61,599 

1,018 


19 

13,690 

206 


4 


China' 


575 


Cyprus 


13 


Hong Kong 


75,544 


5,173 


3.734 


9,972 


22.271 


15,730 


15,278 


3,252 


134 


India 


120,992 


10,296 


4.275 


1 1 .642 


28,143 


23,447 


34,897 


7,918 


374 


Indonesia 


35,912 


2,927 


3.077 


5,235 


7,729 


6.746 


8,999 


1,093 


106 


Iran . 


42,561 


4,367 


1,398 


2,737 


6,838 


7.020 


15,557 


4,275 


369 


Israel 


141,449 


13,708 


5,756 


9,943 


26,396 


32,207 


41,044 


12,011 


384 


Japan 


1,704,010 


80,310 


60,016 


322,001 


586,303 


288,692 


312,124 


52,350 


2,214 


Jordan 


20,815 


2,221 


1,958 


4,140 


4,470 


3,105 


4,165 


661 


95 


Korea 


121,590 


8,418 


3,166 


10,101 


36,484 


27,327 


30,342 


5,369 


383 




11,378 


1,666 


821 


2,813 


3,814 


1,263 


826 


134 


41 


Laos 


478 


56 


22 


33 


74 


41 


145 


103 


4 




26.567 


2,153 


1,583 


4,316 


6,279 


4,122 


6,804 


1,210 


100 


Malaysia 


39,917 


3,218 


2,127 


10,550 


1 1 ,095 


6,583 


5,543 


739 


62 


Pakistan 


38,323 


5,224 


2,134 


4,604 


10,028 


7,194 


7,869 


1,114 


156 


Philippines 


122,976 


12,019 


5,319 


9,132 


34,351 


26,478 


28,121 


7,210 


346 


Saudi Arabia 


36,093 


7,173 


1,914 


6,682 


12,310 


3.846 


2,732 


1,062 


374 


Singapore 


32,502 


2,420 


1,373 


4,772 


12,114 


6.316 


4,774 


686 


47 


Sri Lanka 


7,987 


772 


291 


740 


2,141 


1.782 


1,945 


295 


21 


Syria 


9,218 


769 


528 


1,289 


1,949 


1.245 


2,776 


604 


58 


Thailand 


25,921 


1.351 


1.231 


3,189 


7,304 


5.949 


5,947 


855 


95 


Turkey 


20,032 


1,052 


987 


2,433 


5,012 


3.771 


5,547 


1,164 


66 


Vietnam 


1,930 


225 


95 


193 


598 


306 


353 


154 


6 


Other Asia 


27,648 


3,114 


1.892 


5,408 


8,222 


4.415 


3,832 


647 


118 


Africa 


191,556 


16,548 


7,533 


18,420 


58,607 


45,320 


37,923 


6,381 


824 


Egypt 


26,522 


2,610 


951 


1,984 


6,882 


5.623 


7,090 


1,280 


102 


Ethiopia 


4,779 


553 


470 


403 


851 


1.105 


1,158 


193 


46 


Liberia 


5,015 


654 


246 


424 


1.543 


1,087 


911 


124 


26 


Morocco 


7,787 


409 


374 


1,567 


2.523 


1,480 


1,231 


169 


34 


Nigena 


50,033 


4,398 


1.570 


4,072 


18,443 


12,924 


7,955 


451 


220 


South Afnca 


40,970 


3,604 


1.657 


3,505 


9,928 


9,116 


9,965 


3,098 


97 


Other Africa 


56,450 


4,320 


2.265 


6,465 


18,437 


13,985 


9,613 


1.066 


299 


Oceania 


365,056 

239,515 


38,886 


15,987 


33,328 


77,562 


81,672 


94,866 


22,049 


706 


Australia 


26,959 


10,328 


20,765 


50,904 


55,578 


61.143 


13,419 


419 


Fiji 


5,231 


585 


206 


470 


1,205 


1,144 


1.375 


230 


16 


New Zealand 


105,863 


9.983 


4,547 


10,290 


21,805 


21,616 


29.503 


7,883 


236 







See footnotes at end of table. 



72 



NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY AGE AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 
FISCAL YEAR 1986— Continued 



Region and country of citizenship 


All ages' 


Under 15 
years 


15 - 19 
years 


20- 24 
years 


25-34 
years 


35-44 
years 


45-64 
years 


65 years 
and over 


Unknown 




14,447 

1,900,415 

61,577 

770,072 

749,932 

13,398 

228.093 

23,474 

14,759 

3,193 

34,196 

66,700 

86,330 

146,961 

20,892 

9,602 

75,061 

27,273 

318,720 

10,658 

56,388 

53,652 

68,941 

57,321 

19,447 

52,313 

114 

963,136 

180,913 

19,172 

240,216 

48,477 

162,351 

60,298 

17,716 

5,780 

65,726 

9,033 

15,011 

138,402 

41 

10,069 

120,998 


1.359 

222,235 

4,650 

95,588 

81,048 

1,737 

28,046 

2,922 

2,060 

145 

4,104 

6,750 

6,965 

12,875 

2,546 

957 

9,373 

2,568 

40,942 

1,424 

7,745 

7,164 

8,889 

7,031 

2,654 

6,035 

7 

124,526 

25,001 
2,403 

34,740 
4,517 

21,314 
8,509 
1,481 
635 
7,621 
1.161 
1.105 

16.037 
2 

443 

10,695 


906 

119,344 

4,469 
54,511 
41,263 

820 
16,269 
1,080 
1,239 

166 
2,261 
3,489 
3,022 
6,026 
1,147 

465 
3,628 
1,651 
19,091 

612 
3,448 
3,093 
3,818 
3,327 

782 

4,011 

10 

59,184 

9,229 

1,129 

20,497 

2,268 

8,739 

3,823 

708 

298 

3,972 

541 

626 

7,352 

2 

299 

6,450 


1,803 

179,996 

10,079 
71,766 
70,845 

1,591 

30,549 

1,820 

2,037 

177 

2,545 

4,702 

5,152 

8,829 

2,009 

1,344 

6,902 

3,188 

27,296 

1,371 

4,185 

4,407 

5,697 

5,497 

906 

5,233 

10 

68,867 

8,936 

1,725 

18,130 

2,569 

12,223 

5,218 

1,333 

486 

4,566 

833 

825 

12,017 

6 

875 

11,429 


3,648 

469,326 

19,967 
176,076 
202,838 

3,825 
61,015 

6,477 

3,764 
410 

7,853 
15,204 
24,680 
44,187 

5,097 

3,886 
18,208 

8,232 
70,409 

2,719 
12,652 
11,155 
15,205 
14,686 

3,608 

10,384 

36 

194,146 

27,938 
4,156 

52,117 
9,542 

36,015 

13,327 
4,964 
1,307 

12,526 
2,072 
3,014 

27,157 
11 

2,085 

26,664 


3,334 

402,539 

12,986 
152.569 
169,715 

3.009 
44.916 

5.325 

2.872 
643 

8.273 
16.686 
20.647 
39,091 

5,118 

1,625 
15,539 

5,971 
67,246 

1,888 
12,272 
11,162 
14,310 
12,458 

4,383 

10,773 

23 

211,805 

40,419 

3,975 

54,473 

12.599 

35,617 

12,513 

4,353 

1,155 

14,366 

1,957 

3,151 

27,220 

7 

1,972 

24,596 


2.845 

409,495 

8.411 
174,768 
152,608 

1,951 
40,415 

4,808 

2,246 

1,169 

7,717 
16,603 
20,311 
29,862 

4,242 

998 

17,709 

4,577 
73,689 

2,101 
12,902 
12,943 
16,175 
11,809 

5,409 

12,350 

19 

248,966 

56,246 

4,729 

50,861 

13,765 

39,312 

13,153 

3,939 

1,593 

17,966 

2,187 

4,988 

40,215 

12 

3,307 

31,172 


517 

88,036 

874 
40,888 
27,972 

407 

5,573 

977 

471 

465 

1,239 

2,896 

5,086 

5,522 

653 

289 

3.438 

956 

18,294 

505 

2,834 

3,425 

4.423 

2.195 

1.626 

3,286 

8 

51,318 

12,451 

948 

8,528 

3,051 

7,991 

3,386 

879 

280 

4,422 

255 

1,242 

7,884 

1 

1,064 

8,487 


35 




9,444 




141 




3,906 




3,643 




58 




1 310 




65 




70 




18 




204 




370 


Haiti 


467 




569 




80 


St Kitts-Nevis 


38 




264 




130 




1,753 




38 




350 


El Salvador 


303 




424 




318 




79 




241 




1 




4,324 




693 




107 




870 


Chile 


166 




1,140 




369 




59 




26 




287 




27 




60 




520 








24 




1 505 







' Excludes the follov^ing classes of admission processed in the Nonimmigrant Information System: for all countries - 67,483 parolees, 17,547 
withdrawals and stowaways, and 51,165 refugees. A total of 58.329 refugee admissions were reported separately on initial admittance documents. 
See Refugee section of text. 

' Includes Mainland China and Taiwan. A total of 143.076 nonimmigrant visas were issued to these two countries in fiscal year 1986: 91,242 to 
Taiwan and 51,834 to Mainland China. (SOURCE: Report of the Visa Office, U.S. Department of State, 1986) 

- Represents zero. 



73 



TABLES 43-53 



NATURALIZATIONS 



TABLE 43. PETITIONS FOR NATURALIZATION FILED, PERSONS NATURALIZED, 

AND PETITIONS FOR NATURALIZATION DENIED 

FISCAL YEARS 1907-86 





Petitions 
filed 


Persons naturalized 


Petitions 


Year 


Total 


Civilian 


Military 


Not reported 


denied 




12,378,103 

164,036 
1,381,384 
1,884,277 
1,637,113 
1,938.066 
1,230,483 

1,142,985 

138,718 
129,682 
121,170 
113,218 
106,813 
104,853 
108,369 
103,085 
102,317 
114,760 

1,556,307 

109,897 
121,883 
126,929 
136,175 
149,399 
157,932 
41,220 
186,354 
168,854 
165,434 
192.230 

1,443,452 

171.073 
201.507 
187.719 
286.440 
305.981 
290.732 


11,535,684 

111.738 
1,128,972 
1,773,185 
1,518.464 
1.987.028 
1.189,946 

1,120,263 

132,450 
127,307 
124,178 
112,234 
104,299 
103,059 
104.902 
102.726 
98,709 
110,399 

1,464,772 

108,407 
116.215 
120.740 
131.655 
141,537 
142,504 
48.218 
159.873 
173.535 
164.150 
157,938 

1,241,316 

166,317 
1 73.688 
1 78.948 
197.023 
244,717 
280,623 


10,893,308 

111.738 
884.672 
1.716.979 
1.498.573 
1.837.229 
1.148.241 

1,084,195 

130.731 
124.972 
121.618 
109.629 
101.214 
100.498 
102.211 
100.288 
93.251 
99.783 

1,397,846 

98.858 
107.740 
112.944 
124.807 
135.323 
136.873 

46.705 
154.568 
168.409 
158.276 
153.343 

1,213,835 

162.227 
170.071 
175.678 
192.113 
238.394 
275.352 


634,930 

244,300 
56.206 
19.891 

149.799 
41.705 

36,068 

1.719 
2.335 
2.560 
2.605 
3,085 
2,561 
2,691 
2,438 
5,458 
10,616 

66,926 

9.549 
8.475 
7.796 
6,848 
6.214 
5.631 
1,513 
5,305 
5.126 
5.874 
4.595 

20,035 

4,090 
3,617 
3,196 
2,965 
3,266 
2.901 


7,446 

7,446 

74 
1,945 
3,057 
2,370 


516,063 


1907-10 


17.702 


1911-20 


118.725 


1921-30 


165.493 


1931-40 


45,792 


1941-50 


64,814 


1951-60 


27,569 


1961-70 


23,557 


1961 


3,175 


1962 
1963 
1964 
1965 
1966 
1967 
1968 
1969 
1970 


3,557 
2,436 
2,309 
2,059 
2,029 
2,008 
1,962 
2,043 
1,979 


1971-80 


27,978 


1971 


2,028 


1972 


1,837 


1973 


1,708 


1974 


2,210 


1975 


2,300 


1976 


2,231 


1976 TQ 


568 


1977 


2,845 


1978 


3,894 


1979 


3,987 


1980 . . 


4,370 


1981-86 


24,433 


1981 


4,316 


1982 


3,994 


1983 


3,160 


1984' 


3,373 


1985 


3,610 


1986 


5,980 







' Due to the problems with the newly automated naturalization system, data on naturalizations for fiscal year 1984 are incomplete. Workload data 
on petitions granted, an approximation of actual naturalizations, indicate that nearly 23.000 naturalization cases are missing from the Chicago. 
Houston, and San Francisco distncts. The missing cases are arrayed as follows: Chicago. 7,000 of 14,000 cases are missing, Houston, 3,000 of 
4.500; and San Francisco. 13.000 of 27.000. These missing cases are not necessarily randomly distributed within each distnct. 

- Represents zero. 

NOTE: The data reported in this table represent court actions-the number of naturalization petitions filed with courts and the number of persons 
naturalized or denied in court heanngs. An application for naturalization processed by the INS may be tiled with the courts, recommended denied to 
the courts, returned to the applicant for more information, or nonfiled (withdrawn by the applicant). Approximately 17 percent of the completed 
applications to file a petition for naturalization currently are nonfiled and 10 percent are returned each fiscal year. See Glossary for fiscal year 
definitions. 



76 



PERSONS NATURALIZED BY GENERAL AND SPECIAL NATURALIZATION PROVISIONS 
FISCAL YEARS 1981-86 



Naturalization provisions 



Total naturalized 

General provisions 

Special provisions 

Persons married to U.S. citizens 

Children, including adopted children, of U.S. citizen 

parents 

Miiitary 

Persons who served in the U.S. armed forces for 3 

years 

Persons who served in the U.S. armed forces dunng 

World War I, World War II, the Korean hostilities, 

or the Vietnam hostilities 

Lodge Act enlistees 

Persons honorably discharged from US. armed 

forces following service in World War II 

Other 

Surviving spouses of citizen members of the armed 

forces of the United States 

Employees of nonprofit organizations engaged in 

disseminating information promoting U.S. 

interests 

Persons who served on certain U.S. vessels 

Nationals but not citizens of the United Stales 

Philippine citizens who entered the United States 

prior to May 1, 1934, and have resided 

continuously in the United States 

Certain inhabitants of the Virgin Islands who 

renounced Danish citizenship 

Former U.S. citizens who lost citizenship by 

marriage 

Former U.S. citizens who lost citizenship by entering 

the armed forces of foreign countries during 

World War II 

Persons naturalized under private law 

Not reported 



166,317 

139,909 



26,408 

14,147 



8,083 
4,090 



173,688 



26,903 

14,929 



8,333 
3,617 



3,454 
5 



23,884 

13,146 



7,485 
3,196 



74 



197,023 



26,358 

14,201 



9,126 
2,965 



1,945 



244,717 



26,829 

14,461 



9,059 
3,266 



3,057 



280,623 

251,035 



27,218 

14,416 



9,859 
2,901 



' Due to the problems with the newly automated naturalization system, data on naturalizations for fiscal year 1984 are incomplete. Workload data 
on petitions granted, an approximation of actual naturalizations, indicate that nearly 23,000 naturalization cases are missing from the Chicago, 
Houston, and San Francisco districts The missing cases are arrayed as follows: Chicago, 7,000 of 14,000 cases are missing; Houston, 3,000 of 
4,500; and San Francisco, 13,000 of 27,000. These missing cases are not necessanly randomly distributed within each district. 

- Represents zero. 



77 



TABLE 45. PERSONS NATURALIZED BY SELECTED NATURALIZATION PROVISIONS 

AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF FORMER ALLEGIANCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1986 





Total 
naturalized 


General 
provisions 


Special provisions 




Regron and country ot 
former allegiance 


Total 


Married to 
U.S.citizens 


Children of 
U.S. parents 


Military 


Other 


Not reported 




280,623 

44,598 

192 

159 

697 

1,147 

495 

2,753 

2.750 

824 

991 

3,110 

569 

3,140 

4,177 

1,816 

658 

285 

9,370 

8,609 

1,758 

1,098 

134,695 

297 

296 

888 

1,847 

11,151 

168 

10,017 

538 

4,569 

1,659 

2,300 

1,011 

1,819 

18,037 

3,426 

3,011 

315 

2,285 

31,002 

157 

238 

1,096 

4,501 

1,750 

1,019 

30,840 

458 

6,334 

1,688 
474 
497 
225 
253 
211 

1,296 
174 
166 

1,146 


251,035 

41,260 

172 

130 

670 

1,016 

419 

2,433 

2,505 

743 

899 

2.936 

517 

2,885 

3,993 

1,728 

584 

250 

9,162 

7,604 

1,648 

966 

116,926 

279 

265 

854 

1,824 

10,410 

151 

8,982 

479 

3,859 

1,553 

1,998 

867 

1,569 

12,004 

3,378 

2,611 

269 

2,044 

25,160 

138 

214 

956 

4,046 

1,499 

911 

30,281 

325 

5,630 

1,663 
445 
425 
210 
206 
162 

1,222 
162 
162 
973 


27,218 

2,922 

18 
25 
20 
122 
73 
306 
204 
72 
84 
150 
50 
185 
175 
63 
68 
33 
124 
980 
77 
93 

16,976 

17 

31 

32 

21 

672 

15 

932 

58 

695 

91 

293 

142 

243 

5,903 

37 

389 

43 

223 

5,596 

18 

22 

127 

437 

240 

104 

465 

130 

672 

219 
26 
67 
14 
46 
48 
66 
11 
6 

169 


14,416 

1,941 

11 
17 
17 
86 
55 

174 

149 
55 
42 

106 
24 

151 
60 
51 
46 
26 
59 

688 
57 
67 

8,884 

13 

24 

21 

7 

576 

13 
298 

48 
654 

63 
259 

75 

208 

1,590 

7 

309 

39 

154 

3,635 

16 

12 
121 
327 
163 

93 
116 

43 

577 

190 
23 
57 
13 
39 
43 
61 
6 
5 
140 


9,859 

639 

4 

6 

3 
25 

7 
62 
48 

5 
32 
22 

3 
21 
101 
10 
19 

5 
59 

17 

6,811 

3 

7 

8 
14 
84 

2 
619 

4 
31 
23 
32 
59 
32 
4,166 
26 
72 

3 

56 

952 

1 
10 

4 
106 
66 

9 

337 

85 

66 

22 
3 
6 

7 
2 
4 
2 

1 
19 


2,901 

334 

3 
2 

11 

11 

70 

5 

12 

9 

21 

23 

12 

13 

1 

3 

2 

6 

117 

5 

8 

1,271 

1 

3 

11 

15 
6 

10 
5 
2 
8 
3 
145 
4 
8 
1 

13 

1,004 

1 

2 
3 

11 
2 

12 
1 

28 

6 

4 

1 

3 

1 
3 

10 


42 
8 

2 

1 
1 

1 

1 

1 

I 

1 
10 

1 

2 

5 
1 

1 

1 
1 


2,370 




416 




2 




4 




7 




9 




3 




14 




41 




9 




8 


Italy 


24 
2 




70 




9 




25 




6 




2 


USSR 


84 




25 




33 




39 


Asia 


793 




1 




_ 




2 




2 




69 




2 




103 




1 




15 




15 




9 




2 




7 




130 




11 




11 




3 




18 




246 




1 




2 




13 




18 


Thailand 


11 




4 




94 


Other Asia 


3 


Afrloi 


32 




6 




3 




5 




1 




1 


Nigeria 


1 


South Atrlet 


8 




1 




_ 


Other Alrlo* 


6 







78 



TABLE 45. PERSONS NATURALIZED BY SELECTED NATURALIZATION PROVISIONS 

AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF FORMER ALLEGIANCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1986— Continued 



Region and country of 
former allegiance 



Total 


General 


naturalized 


provisions 


1,057 


925 


180 


159 


368 


344 


509 


422 


73,899 


68,459 


3,787 


3,401 


27,807 


26,064 


32,442 


30,599 


178 


157 


1,036 


980 


13.818 


13,211 


165 


141 


5,980 


5,658 


250 


238 


2,608 


2.441 


6,563 


6.094 


1,476 


1,356 


368 


323 


9,863 


8,395 


366 


302 


968 


814 


2,628 


2,247 


1,841 


1,606 


1,400 


1.203 


1,343 


1.207 


1,317 


1,016 


16,925 


14,949 


1,593 


1,495 


514 


441 


615 


481 


1,242 


1.044 


5.156 


4,363 


1,870 


1,749 


2,784 


2,614 


2,180 


1,922 


337 


305 


468 


397 


166 


138 



Special provisions 



Married to 
U.S.citizens 



Children of 
U.S. parents 



Military 



Oceania 

Australia 

Fiji 

Other Oceania 

North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Antigua-Barbuda 

Barbados 

Cuba 

Dominica 

Dominican Republic 

Grenada 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

Trinidad & Tobago .. 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Peru 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Other South America 

US, possessions 

Stateless 

Not reported 



1,986 
1,116 



1,942 
944 



80 

4,551 

361 
1,549 
1,239 

21 
52 



376 

112 

38 

1,402 

62 
146 
369 
219 
185 
127 
294 

1,814 

86 
65 
130 
186 
729 
110 
149 
238 



13 

39 
109 



51 

2,080 

146 
801 
527 

8 
18 



147 
24 



48 
122 
81 
69 
83 
170 

806 

61 



11 

1,386 

97 
450 
245 



226 
116 
97 



13 

89 

117 

466 



18 

1,079 

118 
297 
464 

10 
32 
75 



33 
150 

77 

14 
200 

22 



194 
604 



162 

12 



Represents zero. 



79 



TABLE 46. PERSONS NATURALIZED BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF FORMER ALLEGIANCE 

FISCAL YEARS 1977-86 



Region and country of 
former allegiance 



All countries 

Europe 

Austria 

Belgium 

Czechoslovakia 

France 

Germany 

Germany, Fed. Rep 

German Dem. Rep 

Greece 

Hungary 

Ireland 

Italy 

Netfierlands 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Spain 

Switzerland 

US.S.R 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

Afghanistan 

Bangladesh 

Burma 

Cambodia 

China 

China, Mainland 

Cyprus 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Iraq 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Laos 

Lebanon 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Singapore 

Sri Lanka 

Syria 

Taiwan 

Thailand 

Turkey 

Vietnam 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Egypt 

Ethiopia 

Ghana 

Kenya 

Morocco 

Nigeria 

South Africa 

Sudan 

Tanzania 

Other Africa 

See footnotes at end of table. 



159,873 

47,480 

344 
152 
1,438 
1,137 
4,856 
{') 
(') 

6,151 

1,106 

1,168 

7,891 

857 

2,770 

3.739 

769 

886 

335 

535 

9.345 

2,447 

1,554 

56,473 



403 
11 
11,145 


176 

5,574 

388 

836 

483 

1.548 

1,557 

1,381 

10,446 

17 

1,154 

161 

880 

16,145 

75 

75 

546 

985 

594 

1,412 

369 

2,894 

1,883 



78 
164 



67 
232 



173,535 

47,633 

356 
198 
1,449 
1,096 
4,278 
{') 
{') 

5,758 

1,448 

1,047 

8,180 

750 

2,970 

3,599 

1,025 

991 

317 

613 

9,118 

2,881 

1,559 

65,418 

48 

78 

421 

32 

1 1 ,303 



134 

6,477 

397 

1,132 

672 

1,419 

1,550 

1,566 

12,575 

23 

1,212 

173 

1,093 

20,218 

75 

116 

634 

e) 

1,303 
671 

1,594 
502 

3,194 

1,806 
100 



113 
213 



116 
337 



164,150 

41,760 

281 
156 

1,039 
879 

3,437 



4,866 

1,075 

928 

7,296 

606 

2,392 

4.073 

884 

911 

208 

762 

8,065 

2.438 

1.464 

63,688 

83 
132 
397 
36 
11.446 


163 

6.001 

295 

1.217 

754 

1.280 

1.336 

1.383 

13.406 

33 

1.223 

169 

1.189 

17.749 

78 

144 

626 

f) 

1,284 

720 

1,839 

705 

2,667 

1,373 



107 
160 

62 
235 

48 
129 
415 



157,938 

35,191 

268 
114 
775 
741 
2,922 

{') 

3,685 

893 

697 

5,410 

534 

1,996 

3,631 

866 

702 

205 

1,211 

7,282 

2,021 

1,238 

67,402 

71 

146 

354 

74 

12,524 

f) 

142 

6,552 

283 

1,591 

823 

1,280 

1,759 

1,424 

14.703 

34 

1,221 

194 

1,103 

17,683 

87 

136 

668 



1,406 
776 

1,828 
540 

2,587 

1.213 

99 

64 

122 

183 

50 

228 

35 

124 

469 



166,317 

35,235 

201 
142 
553 
798 
2.841 

C) 

3.668 

794 

688 

4.287 

541 

1.948 

3.237 

1.076 

644 

187 

2,566 

8,120 

1,925 

1,019 

73,516 

83 
207 
280 
398 
12,048 


223 

7,233 

230 

1,677 

1,037 

1,706 

1,216 

1,376 

13,258 

199 

1,386 

180 

1,373 

16,976 

92 

155 

625 

f) 

1,396 

751 

8,846 

565 

2,693 

988 

73 

91 

205 

189 

53 

260 

25 

109 

700 



173,688 

36,541 

206 
136 
434 
895 

2,681 

245 

4,397 

771 

657 

4,078 

559 

2,121 

3,085 

953 

678 

174 

3,390 

8,456 

1,729 

896 

80,189 

77 
223 
334 

571 

9,969 

237 
8,298 

235 
1,636 

904 
1,796 
1,125 
1,362 
13,488 

557 
1,729 

194 
1,523 
17,697 

102 

142 

703 
1,658 
1,537 

839 
12,716 

537 

3,264 

1,046 
112 
117 
204 
174 

72 
446 

54 
141 
898 



178,948 

33,870 

209 
129 
409 
854 
f) 

2,529 

425 

3,458 

639 

821 

3,685 

516 

2,428 

2,736 

908 

537 

189 

2,855 

7,882 

1,682 

979 

84,555 

61 

273 

441 

486 



9.318 

187 

8.819 

292 

1.868 

1.320 

1,793 

1,106 

1,311 

12,808 

812 

2.205 

186 

1.593 

22,103 

110 

135 

644 

2,634 

1,564 

745 

11,188 

553 

3,292 

1,109 
130 
158 
183 
173 
97 
550 
97 
136 
659 



197,023 

34,898 

222 

150 

410 

1,003 

(') 

2,600 

423 

3,068 

859 

682 

3,576 

492 

2,117 

2,907 

1,131 

735 

209 

4,038 

7,631 

1,675 

970 

87,261 

82 
275 

477 

512 

9,143 

274 
8,294 

330 
2,268 
1,043 
1,851 
1,108 
1,264 
14.019 

968 
2.439 

230 

1.690 

23.487 

109 

247 

732 
2.758 
1,396 

845 
11,039 

381 

4,276 

1.556 
150 
246 
162 
173 
109 
809 
108 
125 
838 



244,717 

45,599 

208 

189 

480 

1.145 

2,865 

487 

4,283 

845 

911 

3.816 

585 

2.939 

3.579 

1.400 

710 

309 

8.935 

8.833 

1.908 

1.172 

113,084 

154 
337 
855 
860 

11.743 
233 

10.357 

489 

3,431 

1,571 

2,117 

1,053 

1,628 

16,824 

1,616 

2,964 

305 

1,950 

28,954 

118 

267 

902 

3,407 

1,518 

932 

18,060 

439 

5,305 

1,803 
258 
284 
212 
185 
166 
954 
274 



80 



TABLE 46. PERSONS NATURALIZED BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF FORMER ALLEGIANCE 
FISCAL YEARS 1977-86— Continued 



Region and country of 
former allegiance 



Oceania 

Australia 

Fi|i 

Otfier Oceania 

North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Barbados 

Cuba 

Dominica 

Dominican Republic .. 

Grenada 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

Tnnidad & Tobago 

Otfier Caribbean 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Ctiile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Peru 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Otfier South America ... 

U.S. possessions 

Stateless or not reported 



760 

287 
145 
328 

43,085 

3.759 
6.301 

29,931 
529 

20,506 

1,904 
30 
1,870 
3,849 
1,179 
64 
3,094 

348 
470 
401 
541 
415 
919 

8,302 

1,574 
287 
604 
539 

2,029 
880 
980 
850 
264 
216 
79 

17 

862 



692 

240 
115 
337 

45,389 

3.594 
8,662 
29,315 

666 

16,053 

2,504 
28 
2,273 
6,459 
1,258 
74 
3,818 

398 
695 
579 
707 
509 
930 

10,777 

1,730 

344 

784 

636 

2,663 

1,257 

1,415 

1,261 

384 

213 

90 



430 



668 

209 
136 
323 

44,161 

3,085 
8,046 
29,138 

780 
13,317 

3,350 
55 
2,567 
7,632 
1,351 



435 
770 
525 
698 
463 
1,001 

10,825 

1,350 

237 

612 

551 

2,923 

1,187 

1,779 

1,533 

363 

203 

87 



376 



637 

195 
140 
302 

41,785 

2,823 
9,341 
25,426 

538 
12,717 

3,392 
56 

1,748 
5,840 
1,074 



417 
988 
652 
619 
724 
795 

10,065 

1,183 

276 

453 

586 

2,940 

1,189 

1,452 

1,369 

332 

212 

73 



270 



681 

184 
184 
313 

43,808 

2,662 

9,545 

26,846 

631 

11,329 

29 

5,720 

67 

1,990 

5,791 

1,195 

94 

4,755 

451 
1,252 
636 
756 
656 
1,004 

10,126 

1,025 

251 

407 

549 

3,203 

1,290 

1,596 

1,193 

313 

225 

74 



244 



802 

180 
223 
399 

42,567 

2,672 

11.423 

23,630 

620 

9,551 

89 

5,369 

80 

2,083 

4.565 

1.118 

155 

4,842 

2 

442 

1.187 

785 

728 

664 

1,034 

10,243 

1,021 

237 

461 

529 

3,161 

1,219 

1,788 

1,184 

286 

259 

98 



82 



691 

170 
168 
353 

44,110 

2,937 
12.594 
23,718 
650 
10,365 
98 

4.828 
269 

2.169 

3.938 
958 
443 

4,861 
108 
438 

1,126 
952 
768 
616 
853 

10,688 

1,006 
298 

409 

760 

2,952 

1,177 

2,217 

1,217 

328 

234 

90 

27 

1,715 



709 

154 
156 
399 

54,808 

3,403 
14,575 
30,833 

804 
15,756 

110 
4,875 

294 
2,592 
4,666 
1,192 

544 
5,997 

138 

663 
1,380 

968 
1,063 

762 
1,023 

13,092 

1,235 

319 

488 

915 

3.543 

1,458 

2,844 

1,451 

406 

326 

107 



1,979 



869 

166 
317 
386 

61,761 
3.824 
23.042 
26,899 

885 
10,487 

205 
5,887 

267 
2,545 
4,809 
1,280 

534 
7,996 

265 

819 
2,119 
1,408 
1,219 

965 
1,201 

15, 



2,850 



1,057 

180 
368 
509 

73,899 

3,787 

27,807 

32,442 

1,036 

13,818 

165 
5,980 

250 
2,608 
6.563 
1,476 

546 
9,863 

366 

968 
2,628 
1,841 
1,400 
1,343 
1,317 



,227 


16,925 


,456 


1,593 


484 


514 


655 


615 


,213 


1,242 


.136 


5,156 


,739 


1,870 


,628 


2,784 


,969 


2,180 


458 


337 


348 


468 


141 


166 



3.102 



' Due to problems with the newly automated naturalization system, data on naturalizations for fiscal year 1984 are incomplete. Workload data on 
petitions granted, an approximation of actual naturalizations, indicate that nearly 23,000 naturalization cases are missing from the Chicago, Houston, and 
San Francisco districts. The missing cases are arrayed as follows: Chicago, 7,000 of 14,000 cases are missing; Houston, 3,000 of 4,500; and San 
Francisco, 13,000 of 27,000. These missing cases are not necessanly randomly distnbuted within each district. 

' Prior to fiscal year 1982, data for Federal Republic of Germany and German Democratic Republic are included in Germany. 

' Prior to fiscal year 1982, data for Mainland China and Taiwan are included in China. 

- Represents zero. 



81 



TABLE 47. PERSONS NATUF 


lALIZED BY SEX, MARITAL STATUS, AND M/ 
FISCAL YEARS 1981-86 


UOR 0CCUPA1 


nON GROUP 




Sex, marital status, and occupation 


1981 


1982 


1983 


1984' 


1985 


1986 


Total 


166,317 

75,567 

19,635 

52,598 

535 

2,779 

20 

90,750 

19.002 

63.789 

3.088 

4,852 



19 

25,636 
11,722 
4,296 
16,538 
13,155 
22.953 
823 
16.732 

54,462 


173,688 

79,393 

21,493 

54,579 

516 

2,751 

47 

7 

94,295 

20,035 

66,424 

3,023 

4,732 

71 

10 

28,087 
11,471 

4,691 
16,353 
13,228 
22.461 

1.152 
16,974 

59.271 


178,948 

83,446 

23,082 

56,757 

503 

2,861 

65 

178 

95,344 

20,819 

66.431 

2,847 

4,876 

105 

266 

158 

26,145 
7,239 
8,922 
18,136 
14,387 
21,369 
963 
21,821 

59,966 


197,023 

92,416 

25.868 

62,063 

612 

3,506 

102 

265 

104,228 

23,777 

70,929 

3,332 

5,680 

142 

368 

379 

28,580 
11,118 

9,274 
20,952 
15.626 
21.348 

1,131 
23,349 

65,645 


244,717 

115,114 

32.716 

75.567 

839 

4,362 

998 

632 

124,425 

28,500 

83,550 

4,250 

6,505 

888 

732 

5,178 

34,093 
12.935 

8.880 
27,442 
1 7,634 
27,506 

1,039 
35,206 

79,982 


280,623 
133,982 


Single 

Married 

Widowed 

Divorced 

Separated 

Unknown 


38,359 

83,067 

951 

5,458 

5,153 

994 

140,087 


Single 

Married 

Widowed 

Divorced 

Separated 

Unknown 

Unknown 

Major occupation group: 


32,624 
89.554 
4,566 
7,997 
4,320 
1,026 

6,554 
36,572 




14,089 




10,441 




31,896 




19,444 




27,417 




1,116 




46,922 


Homemakers, children, and others with no 


92.726 







Due to the problems with the newly automated naturalization system, data on naturalizations for fiscal year 1984 are incomplete. Workload data on petitions 
granted, an approximation of actual naturalizations, indicate that nearly 23,000 naturalization cases are missing from the Chicago, Houston, and San Francisco 
districts. The missing cases are arrayed as follows: Chicago, 7,000 of 14,000 cases are missing; Houston. 3.000 of 4,500; and San Francisco. 13,000 of 27,000. 
These missing cases are not necessanly randomly distributed within each district. 

' Prior to 1982, separated was included in the married category. 

- Represents zero. 



82 



TABLE 48. PERSONS NATURALIZED BY STATE OF RESIDENCE 
FISCAL YEARS 1977-86 



159.873 

367 

319 

1,120 

147 

27,835 

1,438 

3,099 

262 

636 

17,478 

1,131 

4,532 

179 

8,999 

1,132 

523 

789 

591 

754 

305 

2,710 

5,532 

3,271 

1,321 

215 

1,403 

125 

434 

194 

451 

11,749 

382 

32,599 

716 

161 

4,098 

453 

1,032 

4,046 

1,015 

531 
93 

437 
5,544 

443 

137 
2,230 
2,011 

313 

1,246 

76 



683 

1,749 

836 



173,535 

435 

337 

1,069 

100 

36,544 

1,297 

3,242 

287 

665 

13,138 

1,020 

3,672 

169 

12,864 

1,163 

484 

675 

545 

924 

213 

4,368 

5,519 

3,518 

1,261 

154 

986 

148 

365 

319 

278 

16,751 

371 

31,840 

908 

100 

3,518 
469 
863 

4,649 
905 

496 
94 

441 
5,725 

434 

179 
3,275 
2,289 

270 
1,137 

103 



1,082 

1,247 

630 



164,150 

367 

512 

1,448 

139 

30,212 

1,222 

3,392 

358 

448 

11,757 

987 

4,384 

208 

6,927 

1,144 

526 

621 

412 

899 

215 

3,120 

8,251 

4,534 

1,448 

278 

1,171 

132 

384 

587 

263 

13,860 

261 

37,225 

650 

121 

3,328 
438 
907 

4,240 
893 

376 
86 

333 
5,843 

332 

149 
2,171 
2,288 

240 

1,068 

70 



1,089 

1,161 

675 



157,938 

414 

419 

1,044 

163 

39,424 

1,478 

2,575 

256 

192 

11,417 

985 

3,473 

221 

8,039 

1,086 

578 

891 

199 

772 

215 

3,610 

6,269 

3,714 

1,515 

189 

1,062 

110 

379 

460 

220 

11,465 

381 

29,557 

1,057 

129 
2,916 

374 
1,173 
4,192 

902 

419 
83 

490 
4,705 

611 

134 
1,653 
2,222 

281 
1.237 

138 



812 

1,265 

373 



166,317 

256 

418 

1,518 

234 

35,077 

1,644 

2,936 

260 

116 

11,452 

673 

3,946 

323 

5,527 

1,390 

718 

771 

338 

568 

285 

3,584 

6,942 

5,134 

1,730 

188 

1,196 

167 

425 

392 

368 

12,725 

376 

38,283 

1,001 

155 
3,809 

310 
1,215 
3,803 

893 

310 
99 

568 
5,628 

616 

195 
1,003 
2.126 

123 

1,352 

99 



663 

1,683 

619 



173,688 

590 

477 

2,083 

381 

33,658 

2,143 

2,926 

244 

332 

10,137 

1,193 

2,750 

309 

6.646 

1.253 

818 

1.010 

413 

706 

258 

2,972 
6,690 
4.638 
2,152 

131 
1,704 

152 

421 
1,336 

202 

10,742 

521 

37,122 

1,480 

228 

3,976 

1,290 

1,569 

5,969 

951 

515 
30 

553 
9,137 

657 

124 
1,988 
3,375 

274 
1,440 

169 



842 

1,303 

704 



178,948 

452 

517 

2,328 

248 

33,411 

1,306 

2,706 

260 

275 

12,617 

1,654 

6,668 

226 

12,385 

1,353 

672 

950 

429 

705 

347 

3,880 

5,348 

5,251 

1,953 

208 

1,291 

127 

440 

935 

379 

10,749 

559 

32,410 

1,166 

166 

3,428 

1,183 

1,241 

4,828 

991 

253 

98 

627 

11,091 

582 

110 

2,206 

3,360 

293 

806 

82 



1,931 
709 
589 



197,023 

926 

864 

2,524 

290 

40,490 

1,614 

2,635 

227 

467 

19,855 

2,819 
6,448 

163 
4,730 
1,022 

564 
1,093 

386 
2.225 

240 

5.254 
5,332 
3,374 
1,941 

302 

1,597 

31 

399 
1.181 

262 

11.628 

1,015 

35,049 

1,532 

160 
4,040 

782 
1,543 
4,246 

971 

1,021 

124 

680 

9,553 

1,001 

139 

4,038 

5,399 

217 

1,389 

108 



1,520 

1.065 

300 



244,717 

609 

574 

2,576 

456 

70.519 

2.379 

3.709 

291 

582 

10.362 

1.804 
4,291 

285 
10.389 
1.159 

745 
1.331 

910 
2.490 

269 

6.116 
5.898 
5,582 
2,106 

432 
1,292 

152 

425 
1,489 

341 

15,278 

829 

37,250 

1,626 

203 

3,257 

1,819 

1,678 

4,630 

1,113 

1,289 
78 

846 
19,206 

793 

135 
5,147 
4,349 

278 
1,469 

118 



1,547 
939 
773 



280,623 

664 

577 

3,121 

605 

105,284 

2.490 

3.650 

258 

817 

20.366 

1.834 
4.760 

288 
18.606 
1.275 

715 
1.226 

675 
2.575 

318 

5.116 
6,187 
3,758 
2,295 

381 
1,314 

161 

555 
1,254 

344 

6,483 

751 

39,571 

1,702 

165 

3,373 

1,284 

1,473 

4,117 

1,476 

558 

168 
1.033 
13.439 
1.335 

223 
4.892 
2.684 

235 
1,462 

143 



1,274 
653 
235 



' Due to problems with the newly automated naturalization system, data on naturalizations for fiscal year 1984 are incomplete. Workload data c". 
petitions granted, an approximation of actual naturalizations, indicate that nearly 23.000 naturalization cases are missing from the Chicago. Houston, and 
San Francisco districts. The missing cases are arrayed as follows: Chicago, 7,000 of 14,000 cases are missing; Houston, 3,000 of 4,500; and San 
Francisco. 13,000 of 27,000. These missing cases are not necessanly randomly distnbuted within each district. 

- Represents zero. 



83 



PERSONS NATURALIZED BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF FORMER ALLEGIANCE 
AND STATE OF RESIDENCE 
FISCAL YEAR 1986 



State of residence 



All 



China, 
Mainland 



Dominican 
Republic 



Total 

Alabama 

Alaska 

Arizona 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut 

Delaware 

District of Columbia 
Florida 

Georgia 

Hawaii 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Kentucky 

Louisiana 

Maine 

Maryland 

Massachusetts 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi 

Missouri 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire 

New Jersey 

New Mexico 

New York 

North Carolina 

North Dakota 

Ohio 

Oklahoma 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania 

Rhode Island 

South Carolina 

South Dakota 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah 

Vermont 

Virginia 

Washington 

West Virginia 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming 

U.S. possessions 

Guam 

Puerto Rico 

Virgin Islands 

Not reported 



280,623 

664 

577 

3,121 

605 

105,284 

2,490 

3,650 

258 

817 

20,366 

1,834 
4,760 

288 
18,606 
1,275 

715 
1,226 

675 
2,575 

318 

5,116 
6,187 
3,758 
2,295 

381 
1,314 

161 

555 
1,254 

344 

6,483 

751 

39,571 

1,702 

165 

3,373 

1,284 

1,473 

4,117 

1,476 

558 

168 
1,033 
13,439 
1,335 

223 
4,892 
2,684 

235 
1,462 

143 



1,274 
653 
235 



5,156 



104 

21 

1,065 



10 
271 



176 
121 
45 



29 
131 
66 
47 
62 
125 



19 
83 
10 
5,296 
62 
66 
11 
33 
182 



67 

142 

18 



37 
246 

27 

3 

104 

73 



146 
37 



10 
139 



9 
9,704 



686 
21 



125 
9 



33 
403 



32 

172 

10 



4,387 
15 



20 
185 

169 
34 
9 
1,604 
115 
37 
62 
45 
124 



436 
203 
289 

117 
34 
100 



984 
172 



47 
287 
23 



18 
100 



227 

37 



96 


40 


465 


222 


39 


53 


21 


2 


236 


128 


88 


36 



84 



PERSONS NATURALIZED BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF FORMER ALLEGIANCE 
AND STATE OF RESIDENCE 
FISCAL YEAR 1986— Continued 



State of residence 



Philippines 



Portugal 



United 
Kingdom 



Total. 



Alabama 

Alaska 

Arizona 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut 

Delaware 

District of Columbia 

Florida 

Georgia 

Hawaii 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Kentucky 

Louisiana 

Maine 

Maryland 

Massachusetts 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi 

Missouri 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire 

New Jersey 

New Mexico 

New York 

North Carolina 

North Dakota 

Ohio 

Oklahoma 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania 

Rhode Island 

South Carolina 

South Dakota 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah 

Vermont 

Virginia 

Washington 

West Virginia 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming 

U.S. possessions 

Guam 

Puerto Rico 

Virgin Islands 

Not reported 



131 


6 


47 


116 


20 


132 


172 


1,203 


151 


49 


24 


53 


6,566 


15,229 


17,528 


447 


218 


124 


125 


13 


98 



270 


31 


117 


594 


23 


2,669 


42 


73 


16 


1,206 


2,946 


2,382 


102 


110 


98 


170 


37 


26 


141 


122 


51 


135 


13 


58 


114 


42 


93 


46 


1 


25 


713 


24 


3G3 


233 


73 


93 


353 


68 


265 


546 


29 


88 


40 


7 


51 


159 


52 


122 


42 


6 


15 


107 


43 


49 


81 


146 


253 


37 


2 


12 


212 


17 


457 


37 


276 


44 


1,192 


125 


1,156 


179 


25 


119 


13 


8 


25 


258 


33 


201 


138 


80 


67 


215 


41 


113 


469 


21 


178 


42 


4 


38 


57 


1 


103 


23 


5 


22 


128 


19 


73 


598 


6,091 


593 


85 


67 


47 


32 


3 


9 


606 


30 


671 


487 


100 


455 


34 


2 


25 


210 


93 


87 


18 


16 


7 



1,049 
12 



1,200 
313 



58 
566 



121 
24 



159 
105 



10 
206 



29 
16 

132 

35 

3,217 

114 

155 
15 
27 

366 

91 
105 



191 
348 
112 
68 
16 



1,411 
67 



61 
152 
26 



58 
229 



5 
2,862 



18 
222 



2 
1,103 



183 
494 
128 



438 
56 



40 
190 



45 

32 

257 

115 

18,191 

335 

174 

13 

37 

337 

158 
398 

11 
830 
167 
125 
336 

45 
763 



448 
463 
199 
496 
81 
215 



106 
61 
710 
217 
5 
284 
370 
378 
563 
37 



23 

98 

1,475 

314 

10 
937 
485 

11 
124 



85,239 

236 
179 
729 
218 
24,530 
776 

1,728 
92 
411 

5,043 

617 
568 
77 

6,718 
438 
229 
345 
236 

1,007 
99 

1,852 
2,214 
1,966 
655 
91 
374 
46 
175 
331 
143 



2,253 

181 

18,360 

634 

57 

1,548 
353 
389 

1,454 
469 

197 

59 

366 

2,589 

511 

68 

1,689 

571 



184 
208 



- Represents zero. 



85 



TABLE 50. PERSONS NATURALIZED BY MAJOR OCCUPATION GROUP 

AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF FORMER ALLEGIANCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1986 



Region and country of 
former allegiance 



Occupations 



Profes- 
sional 
specialty 



Executive, 
adminis- 
trative, 

and 
manage- 
rial 



Adminis- 
trative 
support 



Precision 
produc- 
tion, craft, 
and repair 



Operator, 

fabricator, 

and 

laborer 



Farming, 
forestry, 

and 
fishing 



All countries 

Europe 

Austria 

Belgium 

Czecfioslovakia 

France 

German Dam. Rep. 
Germany, Fed. Rep 

Greece 

Hungary 

Ireland 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Spain 

Switzerland 

U.S.S.R 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

Afghanistan 

Bangladesh 

Burma 

Cambodia 

China, li/lainland 

Cyprus 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Iraq 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Laos 

Lebanon 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Singapore 

Sri Lanka 

Syria 

TaivKan 

Thailand 

Turkey 

Vietnam 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Egypt 

Ethiopia 

Ghana 

Kenya 

Morocco 

Nigeria 



280,623 

44,598 

192 

159 

697 

1,147 

495 

2,753 

2,750 

824 

991 

3,110 

569 

3,140 

4,177 

1,816 

658 

285 

9,370 

8,609 

1,758 

1,098 

134,695 

297 

296 

888 

1,847 

11,151 

168 

10,017 

538 

4,569 

1,659 

2,300 

1,011 

1,819 

18,037 

3,426 

3,011 

315 

2,285 

31,002 

157 

238 

1,096 

4,501 

1,750 

1,019 

30,840 

458 

6,334 

1,888 
474 
497 
225 
253 
211 



187,897 

31,234 

140 

95 

526 

783 

310 

1,802 

1,797 

581 

649 

2,153 

395 

2,242 

3,377 

1,333 

433 

196 

6,779 

5,705 

1,202 

736 

87,261 

213 

207 

635 

1,266 

7,806 

113 

6,844 

387 

3,355 

1,122 

1,587 

594 

1,050 

7,992 

2,316 

1,922 

228 

1,527 

22,488 

114 

179 

728 

2,830 

1,215 

689 

19,607 

247 

4,712 

1,388 
369 
432 
174 
188 
159 



6,476 

27 

28 

152 

173 

62 

302 

207 

115 

142 

163 

98 

436 

150 

340 

82 

52 

2.294 

1,354 

130 

169 

20,107 



148 
160 

1,251 
18 

3.008 
112 

1.207 
181 
419 
116 
175 

1.138 
210 
424 
86 
461 

5.233 
30 
68 
145 
815 
266 
180 

4,079 
37 

1,373 

418 



2,573 



170 
53 
107 
127 



433 

662 

56 



30 

78 
747 

12 
674 

45 
532 
128 
265 

73 

180 

1,342 

44 
302 

25 
193 
865 



117 
416 
117 



646 

157 
45 



1,677 



297 

380 

53 



4,279 



56 
372 



250 
132 
198 

39 
126 
612 

49 

164 

9 

106 

832 

3 



586 
33 



123 

51 

299 

136 



226 
325 
126 
57 
30 
1,104 
1.224 
107 
95 

14,253 

24 

34 

140 

154 

1,147 

13 
913 

72 
393 
138 
177 

96 

101 

1,085 

241 

238 

46 

223 

5,061 

21 

38 



579 
191 



736 

227 



3,415 

19 



38 
213 
193 
108 



253 
474 
184 



611 
461 

176 



168 
748 

13 
273 

34 



53 
710 
365 
170 
4 
96 
1,940 



5,210 

10 
5 



213 
240 

84 

79 
473 

26 

521 

1,756 

210 

66 
8 
641 
338 
286 



276 

753 

17 

594 

20 

136 

161 

92 

58 

97 

797 

797 

125 

11 

121 

2,615 



1,116 
131 



46,922 



15 
133 
220 

67 
411 
667 
148 
172 
588 

66 
603 
396 
340 
103 

46 

1,386 

1,275 

387 

197 

22,489 

52 

39 

165 

374 

2,774 

33 
1.013 

84 
658 
296 
317 
164 
315 
2,278 
591 
493 

47 

319 

5,735 

29 

23 
174 
653 
362 
173 
5,259 

69 



991 

326 
98 

123 
23 
53 
23 



86 



TABLE 50. PERSONS NATURALIZED BY MAJOR OCCUPATION GROUP 

AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF FORMER ALLEGIANCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1986— Continued 



Region and country of 
former allegiance 



Occupations 



Profes- 
sional 
specialty 



Executive, 
adminis- 
trative, 

and 
manage- 
rial 



Adminis- 
trative 
support 



Precision 
produc- 
tion, craft, 
and repair 



Operator, 

fabricator, 

and 

laborer 



Farming, 
forestry, 

and 
fishing 



No occu- 
pation or 
not re- 
ported' 



South Africa 

Sudan 

Tanzania 

Other Africa 

Oceania 

Australia 

Fiji 

Other Oceania 

North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Antigua-Barbuda 

Barbados 

Cuba 

Dominica 

Dominican Republic 

Grenada 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

Trinidad & Tobago . 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

Soutli America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Peru 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Other South America 

U.S. possessions 

Stateless 

Not reported 



1,296 

174 

168 

1,148 

1,057 

180 
368 
509 

73,899 

3,787 
27,807 
32,442 

178 
1,036 
13,818 

165 
5,980 

250 
2,608 
6,563 
1,476 

368 
9,863 

366 

968 
2,628 
1,841 
1,400 
1,343 
1,317 

16,925 

1,593 

514 

615 

1,242 

5,156 

1,870 

2,784 

2,180 

337 

468 

166 



895 
114 
126 
867 

726 

126 
280 
320 

50,502 

2,622 
18,759 
22,659 

153 

837 

9.121 

120 

3,693 

197 

1,955 

5,146 

1,167 

270 

6,462 

272 

628 

1,652 

1,230 

910 

878 

892 

11,493 

1,166 

355 

360 

777 

3,145 

1,335 

2,121 

1,579 

258 

295 

102 

5 

1.370 



304 

15 



57 

6,042 

751 
1.467 
3,035 

24 
124 
906 

17 
273 

37 

337 

1,063 

219 

35 
789 

48 

87 
192 
125 

88 
124 
125 

1,927 

244 



171 
468 
162 
315 
299 



210 
5 



20 

2,751 

311 

828 

1,272 

6 
31 
710 

7 

112 

9 



9 
340 



817 

142 



12 
18 

3,257 

210 

826 

1,871 

3 

48 

1,074 

6 

265 

13 

65 

315 

56 

26 

350 



279 
82 

122 
93 
19 



43 

9,614 

463 

2.952 

4,770 

23 

196 

2.243 

28 

518 

36 

290 

1,090 

286 

60 

1,429 

62 

130 

371 

229 

171 

227 

239 

2,349 

185 

77 

68 

125 

621 

265 

571 

311 

37 



37 

6,151 

246 
2,471 
2,606 

32 

92 
1,080 

23 
482 

20 
162 
527 
155 



82 
214 
159 
125 



1,175 

113 

30 

30 

70 

340 

164 

204 

155 

27 



54 

9,273 

218 
4,393 
3,827 

17 

110 

1,580 



374 
524 
103 



83 
217 
179 
155 

98 



1,700 

115 
36 



556 
237 
312 
236 
47 



521 

16 

425 

57 



89 

12,893 

407 

5,397 

5,221 

48 

235 

1,493 

29 

1.001 



2 
256 
160 



401 
60 



189 

23,397 

1,165 

9,048 

9,783 

25 

199 

4.697 

45 

2,287 



668 


653 


1.357 


1,417 


274 


309 


65 


98 


1,868 


3,401 


76 


94 


182 


340 


483 


976 


426 


611 


265 


490 


220 


465 


216 


425 


2,683 


5,432 


279 


427 


105 


159 


87 


255 


195 


465 


664 


2.011 


337 


535 


510 


663 


368 


601 



616 
522 



' Includes homemakers. students, unemployed or retired persons, and others not reporting or with an unknown occupation 
- Represents zero. 



87 



TABLE 51. PERSONS NATURALIZED IN FISCAL YEAR 1986 BY CALENDAR YEAR OF ENTRY 
AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 



Region and country 
of birth 



1986 
and 
1985 



Before 
1974 



All countries 

Europe 

Austria 

Belgium 

Czecfioslovakia 

France 

German Dem. Rep. 
Germany, Fed. Rep 

Greece 

Hungary 

Ireland 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Spain 

Switzerland 

USSR 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

Afghanistan 

Bangladesh 

Burma 

Cambodia 

China. Mainland 

Cyprus 

Hong Kong 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Iraq 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Laos 

Lebanon 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Singapore 

Sri Lanka 

Syria 

Taiwan 

Thailand 

Turkey 

Vietnam 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Cape Verde 

Egypt 

Ethiopia 

Ghana 

Kenya 

Morocco 

Nigeria 

South Africa 

Tanzania 



280,623 

41,371 

196 

159 

725 

1,022 

449 

2,490 

2,734 

786 

815 

3,144 

511 

3,160 

4,064 

1,903 

649 

279 

10,811 

4,727 

1,809 

938 

139,181 

301 

316 

890 

1,859 

11,194 

178 
3,534 
10,001 

566 
4,595 
1,673 
2,230 

994 
1,765 
18,419 
3,476 
3,019 

330 
2,282 
31,075 

162 

240 
1,114 
4,448 
1,766 
1,021 
31,158 

575 

6,297 

159 
1,916 
435 
499 
244 
265 
231 
1,285 
169 



1,005 
24 



3,435 



2,609 



3,307 
243 



2,330 



36 

1,003 

3 



31 
648 



8,827 



5,704 



129 
2.297 



8,948 

51 

25 

39 
147 
701 

16 
227 
508 

43 
516 

93 
187 

22 
165 
989 
130 
211 

21 

194 

2,745 

15 



6,730 

16 



20 
115 
262 
131 

48 
129 

22 
508 
271 
757 

45 

30 

3,289 

472 

114 

125 

37,614 

139 

93 

329 

631 

3,663 

33 

702 

2,579 

99 

1,163 

523 

496 

67 

348 

3,037 

1,202 

716 

76 

661 

8,209 

41 

37 

271 

1,460 

233 

165 

10,527 

114 



1,559 

29 

511 
140 
108 



7,077 



125 

79 

19 

93 

252 

112 

42 

142 

33 

436 

242 

375 

39 

37 

4,444 

407 

93 

84 

28,712 

53 

73 

246 

586 

2,457 

22 
414 
1,659 
109 
899 
318 
450 

69 
263 
2,488 
934 
603 

69 

418 

4,692 

27 

40 
225 
807 
243 
156 
10,306 

86 

1,246 

29 
355 
109 
87 
45 



3,176 



1,168 
336 
119 



99 

89 

1,116 

16 

368 

1,180 

44 

556 

157 

264 

70 

224 

2,025 

436 

473 

49 

300 

2,946 



2,024 

7 



305 
775 

31 
304 
133 
189 

50 

151 

1,504 

32 
244 

16 

166 

2,099 

19 

19 

98 
323 
169 

67 
521 



12,090 



36 

60 

459 

8 

218 

533 

19 

166 

121 

104 

41 

95 

1,176 

543 

229 

15 

82 

1,578 

9 



15,073 



9,880 

5 
9 

10 
301 
346 

16 
197 
408 

16 
107 



67 

1,044 

7 

20 

40 

130 

132 

24 

5.819 

16 

163 



8,365 



2,890 



60 
632 



9 

52 

848 



70,597 

14,841 

129 

71 

147 

547 

327 

1,711 

1,068 

299 

499 

2,124 

348 

1,003 

2,016 

123 

327 

111 

213 

2,330 

962 

486 

10,471 

15 

16 

39 

11 

1,007 

40 

676 

1,448 

157 

374 

117 

213 

505 

234 

1,031 

17 

163 

27 

159 

3,012 

13 

37 

66 

144 

306 

308 

264 

72 



33 


173 


10 


21 


19 


69 


9 


14 


8 


56 


10 


22 


8 


104 



88 



TABLE 51. PERSONS NATURALIZED IN FISCAL YEAR 1986 BY CALENDAR YEAR OF ENTRY 
AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH— Continued 



Region and country 
of birth 


Total 


1986 
and 
1985 


1984 


1983 


1982 


1981 


1980 


1979 


1978 


1977 


1976 


1975 


1974 


Before 
1974 


Un- 
known 
or not 

re- 
ported 




1.094 

1,110 

167 
374 
569 

74,826 

3,710 
27,817 
33,321 

222 

903 

14,033 

191 

5.961 

268 

2,657 

6,635 

167 

189 

182 
1.492 

421 
9,962 

428 

975 
2.629 
1.851 
1.408 
1.364 
1.307 
16 

16,886 

1.612 

505 

546 

1,263 

5,169 

1,892 

2,602 

2,166 

230 

337 

444 

120 

2 

950 


11 

11 

1 
10 

506 

19 
147 
144 

110 
1 
12 

3 
12 
2 

1 

3 

196 

1 
16 
37 
52 
48 
11 
31 

199 

2 
3 
39 
28 
79 
9 
5 
23 

2 
2 

7 

16 


1 

5 

1 

4 

402 

22 
74 
81 

1 
24 

27 
1 
8 

12 
1 

1 

3 

3 

225 

2 

30 
104 
28 
41 
6 
14 

265 

2 

3 

29 

45 

152 

7 

3 

12 

2 
2 
8 

3 


14 

12 

2 

1 
9 

385 

21 
115 
82 

3 
5 

22 
2 

15 

9 
18 
3 

1 

4 

167 

10 
25 
56 
27 
18 
12 
19 

266 

10 
12 
10 
39 
144 
2 
10 
30 

2 
3 
4 

9 


80 

39 

3 
9 
27 

1,244 

62 
513 
320 

9 
8 

49 
4 

87 
3 

43 

83 
8 
6 

1 

13 

6 

346 

29 
36 
88 
47 
39 
54 
53 
3 

543 

46 
17 
18 
53 

164 
38 
56 

105 
4 
14 
24 
4 

23 


86 

54 

9 
8 
37 

1,850 

69 
713 
553 

8 
15 
110 

8 
115 

5 
71 
170 

7 

3 

4 

23 

14 

513 

39 
38 
132 
81 
53 
79 
91 
2 

585 

39 
24 
17 
40 

186 
35 
85 

109 

1 

13 

31 

5 

40 


227 

139 

17 
67 
55 

6,720 

235 

1,419 

3,771 

36 

111 

1,508 

22 

570 

38 

389 

819 

25 

58 

36 

119 

40 

1,292 

76 
77 
373 
195 
193 
217 
161 
3 

2,221 

162 

51 

39 

140 

472 

150 

729 

301 

53 

48 

61 

15 

148 


191 

149 

12 
76 
61 

5,450 

278 
1.169 
3,014 

38 
114 
713 

41 
512 

51 
351 
921 

25 

34 

44 
126 

44 
987 

58 

51 
263 
158 
148 
143 
166 
2 

1,969 

174 

36 

40 

149 

439 

151 

549 

297 

56 

36 

32 

10 

215 


135 

125 

7 
64 
54 

5,580 

216 
2.082 
2,334 

35 
132 
230 

15 
464 

30 
268 
912 

26 

29 

34 
120 

39 
947 

36 
55 
315 
184 
122 
108 
127 
1 

1,691 

150 

67 

37 

128 

387 

137 

431 

248 

40 

29 

29 

8 

80 


80 

103 

17 
35 

51 

4,111 

204 
1.012 
1,986 

21 
105 
316 

21 
321 

49 
192 
714 

26 

18 

16 
147 

40 
909 

26 

71 
311 
195 
100 
113 

93 

1,428 

124 
65 
34 
169 
340 
131 
235 
231 
20 
36 
34 
9 

59 


52 

68 

9 
26 

33 

3.098 

78 
1.426 
1,192 

10 

60 

300 

7 

243 

17 

128 

298 

5 

9 

5 
93 
17 

402 
23 
26 

112 
93 
54 
42 
52 

783 

82 

18 

16 

94 

182 

93 

119 

117 

6 

25 

23 

8 

37 


43 

70 

6 
35 
29 

3,037 

70 

1.232 

1,435 

12 

59 

507 

7 

288 

14 

160 

255 

8 

6 

3 

97 

19 

300 

11 
27 
70 
71 
38 
35 
48 

570 

60 
19 
21 
41 
145 
68 
80 
92 

7 
16 
19 

2 

1 
48 


34 

36 

5 
14 
17 

3,456 

64 

1.377 

1,705 

9 

52 

696 

7 

353 

12 

113 

303 

8 

7 

13 
107 
25 
310 
16 
18 
96 
57 
52 
35 
36 

555 

57 
16 
14 
34 
151 
93 
68 
78 
11 

9 
16 

8 

25 


138 

269 

77 
37 
155 

38,402 

2.350 

16.114 

16,600 

41 

240 

9.365 

56 

2.952 

48 

920 

2.107 

23 

18 

25 

641 

164 

3,334 

97 
502 
668 
657 
496 
504 
410 
4 

5,753 

695 
173 
229 
298 
2.310 
974 
229 
512 

31 
104 
167 

31 

1 
224 


2 




30 




2 


Fiji 


1 




27 




585 




22 




424 




104 


Antigua-Barbuda 


1 




83 




- 


Dominican Republic . 


2 




2 




11 




- 




1 


St. Vincent & 

Grenadines 

Trinidad & Tobago ... 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 


1 
3 
34 
4 




3 


El Salvador 


4 




6 




6 




5 




6 


Other North America .. 


1 
58 




9 




1 




3 


Chile 


5 




18 




4 




3 




11 




1 




1 




1 


Other South America .. 
Born on board ship 


1 
23 







- Represents zero. 



89 



TABLE 52. PERSONS NATURALIZED BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF FORMER NATIONALITY, AGE, AND SEX 

FISCAL YEAR 1986 



Age and sex 



countries 



China, 
Mainland 



Dominican 
Republic 



Total 

Under 18 years 
18-19 years 
20-24 years 
25-29 years 
30-34 years 
35-39 years 
40-44 years 
45-49 years 
50-54 years 
55-59 years 
60-64 years 
65-69 years 
70-74 years 
75-79 years 
80 years and over 
Not reported 

Males 

Under 18 years 
18-19 years 
20-24 years 
25-29 years 
30-34 years 
35-39 years 
40-44 years 
45-49 years 
50-54 years 
55-59 years 
60-64 years 
65-69 years 
70-74 years 
75-79 years 
80 years and over 
Not reported 

Females 

Under 18 years 
18-19 years 
20-24 years 
25-29 years 
30-34 years 
35-39 years 
40-44 years 
45-49 years 
50-54 years 
55-59 years 
60-64 years 
65-69 years 
70-74 years 
75-79 years 
80 years and over . 
Not reported 



Not reported 



Percent distribution . 

Males 

Females 

Not reported 



Median age 

Males 

Females 

Not reported 



280,623 

10.440 
7,380 
38,736 
46,155 
49,878 
41,401 
26,000 
18,630 
13,387 
9,965 
7,781 
5,149 
3,262 
1,646 
807 



133,982 

4.527 

3.301 

18.578 

22,340 

23,575 

20.201 

12.567 

8.995 

6.423 

4.778 

3.557 

2.420 

1,515 

817 

386 

2 

140,087 

5,717 

3,982 

19,364 

22,894 

25,179 

20,21 1 

12,733 

9,095 

6,576 

4,923 

4,024 

2,589 

1.650 

770 

377 

3 

6,554 

100.0 

47.7 
49.9 
2.3 

33.8 

33.9 
33.6 
35.7 



3,787 

95 
101 
491 
564 
468 
469 
440 
392 
276 
202 
124 



1,820 



258 
308 
241 
198 
202 
177 
128 
97 
52 



221 
240 
220 
260 
231 
204 
142 
100 



100.0 

48.1 

49.5 

2.5 

36.9 

35.3 
38.1 
37.8 



11,151 

95 

215 

1.121 

1.166 

1.978 

2.193 

1.116 

731 

670 

567 

486 

373 

265 

118 



5,593 

41 

112 

520 

490 

873 

1,132 

584 

405 

361 

343 

265 

195 

153 

81 

38 



5,352 

49 
101 
583 
655 
1,071 
1,026 
505 
304 
299 
216 
213 
174 
103 
35 
18 



206 

100.0 

50.2 

48.0 

1.8 

37.3 

38.4 
36.0 
38.3 



5,156 

509 
103 
713 
740 
713 
647 
584 
418 
317 
178 
104 
64 
39 
20 



2,221 

245 
50 
381 
348 
255 
256 
222 
177 
124 



2,740 

255 
43 
314 
365 
424 
361 
336 
228 
177 
87 
62 
42 



195 

100.0 

43.1 
53.1 
3.8 

33.6 

31.6 
34.8 
34.8 



13,818 

33 

271 

2.758 

2.144 

1,340 

983 

992 

1.106 

995 

1.000 

777 

621 

411 

265 

122 



6,544 

14 
111 
1.270 
1.090 
624 
484 
475 
527 
457 
475 
369 
291 
180 
128 
49 



17 
151 
1.377 
968 
653 
468 
480 
534 
485 
478 
370 
303 
206 
125 
62 



100.0 

47.4 
48.3 
4.3 

36.7 

36.6 
36.6 
39.4 



5,980 

105 

131 

911 

1.176 

1.061 

772 

479 

345 

302 

287 

223 

106 

57 

14 



2,416 

51 
49 
360 
458 
420 
334 
202 
170 
113 
109 
92 



100.0 

40.4 

57.9 

1.7 

33.0 

33.5 
32.6 
34.9 



10,017 

631 

278 

909 

1,209 

2,140 

2,190 

1,343 

674 

340 

140 

81 

31 



5,440 

270 

109 

409 

527 

1.099 

1.288 

873 

450 

210 

100 

54 

21 



16 



,460 


4,175 


53 


348 


81 


161 


540 


458 


701 


634 


621 


959 


416 


799 


261 


420 


172 


200 


183 


112 


177 


36 


130 


25 


72 


8 



402 

100.0 

54.3 
41.7 
4.0 

34.6 

36.1 
32.5 
35.4 



4,569 

31 

62 

338 

924 

1.180 

842 

448 

263 

165 

121 

83 

53 



30 
187 
642 
883 
588 
275 
147 
111 



31 
150 
274 
279 
238 
164 
114 

51 



100.0 

67.3 

31.3 

1.4 

33.9 

33.7 
34.3 
36.1 



6,563 

88 

106 

786 

1.068 

915 

917 

763 

518 

449 

358 

269 

174 

94 

33 

24 



2,524 

40 
42 
350 
406 
340 
354 
303 
210 
147 
116 



3,798 

41 
60 
409 
628 
546 
525 
428 
279 
291 
227 
166 
105 



241 

100.0 

38.5 
57.9 
3.7 

36.8 

36.4 
37.0 
37.8 



90 



PERSONS NATURALIZED BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF FORMER NATIONALITY, AGE, AND SEX 
FISCAL YEAR 1986— Continued 



Age and sex 



Philippines 



Portugal 



United 
Kingdom 



Total 

Under 18 years 

18-19 years 

0-24 years 

5-29 years 

0-34 years 

5-39 years 

0-44 years 

5-49 years 

D-54 years 

5-59 years 

0-64 years 

5-69 years 

0-74 years 

5-79 years 

80 years and over . 
Not reported 



25-; 



35-; 



55-1 



75-; 



Males 

Under 18 years 

18-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over . 
Not reported 

Females 

Under 18 years 

18-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

5-59 years 

0-64 years 

5-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over . 
Not reported 



65-( 



Not reported 



Percent distribution . 

Males 

Females 

Not reported 



18,037 

4,371 

575 

2,145 

2,791 

3,088 

1,983 

1,224 

796 

511 

246 

132 

94 

43 



7,163 

1.590 
288 
969 
877 
943 
829 
585 
414 
314 
169 
78 
62 



10,530 

2,718 

282 

1,133 

1,871 

2,082 

1,115 

605 

360 

186 

72 

47 



Median age .... 

Males 

Females 

Not reported 



100.0 

39.7 

58.4 

1.9 

28.6 

29.1 
28.3 
31.4 



27,807 

453 

793 

4,853 

5,676 

4,907 

3,484 

2,276 

1,333 

1,351 

1,009 

800 

398 

253 

135 

86 



12,666 

213 

253 

1,750 

2,652 

2,422 

1,751 

1,060 

612 

622 

472 

400 

211 

132 

67 



49 



14,662 

235 

532 

3,041 

2,922 

2,381 

1,665 

1,170 

691 

708 

521 

393 

181 

120 



36 



100.0 

45.5 

52.7 

1.7 

32.0 

32.9 
31.2 
32.9 



31,002 

954 

405 

2,331 

4,497 

6,694 

4,925 

2,576 

1,753 

1.174 

1,126 

1,535 

1,419 

977 

465 

170 

1 

12,072 

447 

184 

1,028 

1,701 

2,386 

1,784 

997 

671 

434 

433 

617 

631 

454 

220 

85 



18,298 

491 

217 

1,255 

2,730 

4,198 

3,032 

1,516 

1,028 

713 

669 

890 

751 

499 

233 

76 



632 

100.0 

38.9 
59.0 
2.0 

35.6 

35.8 
35.5 
38.4 



4,177 

101 
148 
745 
741 
636 
586 
402 
272 
221 
176 



2,015 

46 

55 
313 
345 
316 
301 
205 
143 
108 



2,116 

52 
93 
426 
388 
312 
281 
195 
125 
108 



100.0 

48.2 

50.7 

1.1 

32.7 

33.7 
31.5 
34.7 



4,501 

112 

172 

585 

543 

1,430 

994 

260 

173 

109 

43 

28 

24 



1,915 

60 
76 
260 
148 
559 
499 
114 



2,510 

51 
94 
317 
385 
846 
472 
140 



100.0 

42.5 

55.8 

1.7 

33.2 

33.8 
32.8 
33.5 



8,609 

169 

317 

1,537 

1,485 

1,236 

1,126 

777 

703 

488 

341 

212 

115 

51 

36 



3,964 

75 
141 
784 
697 
571 
524 
314 
298 
216 
154 
89 
55 



4,461 

89 
171 
721 
766 
639 
583 
449 
382 
259 
180 
117 



100.0 

46.0 
51.8 
2.1 

33.2 

32.5 
33.7 
36.0 



9,370 

95 

232 

956 

800 

1,027 

1,604 

908 

1,367 

780 

560 

430 

259 

219 

99 

34 



492 
356 
464 
746 
428 
642 
398 
280 
179 



4,732 

39 
126 
438 
427 
546 
822 
450 
673 
356 
268 
241 
154 
138 
43 
11 



252 

100.0 

46.8 
50.5 
2.7 

39.9 

39.9 
39.8 
437 



30,840 

358 

1,504 

7,790 

7,272 

5,581 

3,659 

1,963 

1,247 

692 

435 

193 

94 

42 



18,023 

210 

766 

4,435 

4,447 

3,215 

2,062 

1,112 

747 

467 

312 

137 

76 

29 



12,487 

142 

730 

3,268 

2,752 

2,304 

1,566 

820 

485 

214 

119 

54 

18 

13 

1 



100.0 

58.4 

40.5 

1.1 

28.9 

29.0 
28,7 
294 



85,239 

2,240 
1,967 
9,767 
13,359 
15,484 
14,027 
9,449 
6,539 
4,547 
3,176 
2,209 
1,221 
660 
365 
226 



42,146 

1,110 

885 

4.812 

6.848 

7,964 

7,071 

4,616 

3,129 

2,156 

1,436 

976 

578 

287 

176 

101 

1 

40,785 

1,076 

1,059 

4,713 

6,188 

7,098 

6,582 

4,563 

3,220 

2,240 

1,632 

1,157 

618 

355 

172 

110 

2 

2,308 

100.0 

49.4 
47.8 
2.7 

35.0 

34.7 
352 
36.1 



Represents zero. 



91 



PERSONS NATURALIZED BY AGE AND SEX 
FISCAL YEARS 1977-86 



Age and sex 



1977 



1978 



1979 



1980 



1981 



1982 



1983 



1984 



1985 



Total 

Under 18 years 

18-19 years 

20-24 years 

5-29 years 

0-34 years 

5-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over 
Not reported 



35-; 



Males 

Under 18 years 

B-19 years 

0-24 years 

5-29 years 

0-34 years 

5-39 years 

0-44 years 

5-49 years 

0-54 years 

5-59 years 

0-64 years 

5-69 years 

0-74 years 

5-79 years 

80 years and over 
Not reported 



20-; 



30-: 



40- 



65-« 



75-: 



Females 

Under 18 years 

8-19 years 

0-24 years , 

5-29 years 

0-34 years 

5-39 years 

0-44 years , 

5-49 years 

0-54 years 

5-59 years 

0-64 years 

5-69 years 

0-74 years 

5-79 years 

80 years and over 
Not reported 



20-; 



30-: 



40-' 



50-1 



60-( 



70-; 



Not reported . 



Median age 

Males 

Females 

Not reported . 



159,S73 

7,427 

4,502 

17,093 

20,383 

28,501 

26,422 

18,648 

12,807 

9,420 

5,812 

3,836 

2,615 

1,422 

630 

355 



73,377 

3,277 

2,130 

8,073 

8,273 

12,173 

12,611 

9,243 

6,213 

4,377 

2,724 

1,822 

1.277 

702 

320 

162 



86,496 

4,150 

2,372 

9,020 

12,110 

16,328 

13,811 

9,405 

6,594 

5,043 

3,088 

2,014 

1,338 

720 

310 

193 



3S.3 

36.0 
34.8 



173,535 

8,355 

4,711 

17,586 

21,983 

32,294 

29,699 

20,808 

13,444 

9,614 

6,355 

3,758 

2,674 

1,286 

638 

330 



78,746 

3,724 

2,240 

8,323 

9,184 

13,373 

13,908 

10,021 

6,511 

4,457 

2,957 

1.679 

1.277 

621 

315 

156 



94,789 

4,631 

2,471 

9,263 

12,799 

18,921 

15,791 

10,787 

6.933 

5.157 

3.398 

2.079 

1.397 

665 

323 

174 



35.3 

35.9 
34.8 



164,150 

9,858 

4,367 

17,406 

22,179 

29,974 

26,025 

18,592 

12,296 

8,718 

5.851 

3.591 

2.690 

1.472 

718 

413 



74,706 

4.348 

2.112 

8,265 

9,662 

12,800 

12,007 

8,779 

5.750 

4.100 

2,712 

1,630 

1,275 

709 

368 

189 



89,444 

5,510 

2,255 

9,141 

12,517 

17,174 

14,018 

9,813 

6,546 

4,618 

3,139 

1,961 

1.415 

763 

350 

224 



34.7 

35.1 
34.5 



157,938 

9.801 

3.012 

16.293 

20.634 

28.624 

24.031 

17.841 

11,807 

8,786 

6,302 

4,054 

3,156 

1,924 

1,096 

577 



70,653 

4,144 
1,385 
7,365 
8,732 
12,045 
10,929 
8,479 
5,642 
3,996 
2,908 
1,878 
1,461 
935 
495 
259 



87,285 

5,657 

1.627 

8.928 

11.902 

16,579 

13,102 

9,362 

6,165 

4.790 

3.394 

2.176 

1.695 

989 

601 

318 



35.2 

35.7 
34.8 



166,317 

7.951 

3.231 

18.081 

23,173 

30.074 

25.398 

18.659 

12,732 

9,255 

6,604 

4,421 

3,198 

1,901 

1,072 

567 



75,567 

3,422 

1,431 

8,289 

10,274 

13.174 

11.710 

8.730 

6,040 

4,367 

2,985 

2,032 

1,465 

848 

516 

284 



90,750 

4,529 

1,800 

9,792 

12,899 

16,900 

13,688 

9,929 

6,692 

4.888 

3.619 

2.389 

1.733 

1.053 

556 

283 



35.1 

35.4 
34.9 



173,688 

7,611 

3,138 

20,040 

25,035 

31,942 

27,335 

18,792 

12,828 

9,108 

6,659 

4,602 

3,032 

2,047 

1,005 

514 



79,392 

3,256 

1.491 

9.262 

11.242 

14,081 

12.608 

8,826 

6.107 

4,323 

3,088 

2,092 

1,404 

935 

439 

238 



94,295 

4,355 
1,647 
10,778 
13.793 
17,861 
14,726 
9,966 
6,721 
4,785 
3,571 
2,510 
1,628 
1,112 
566 
276 



1 

34.9 

35.1 
34.7 
38.0 



178,948 

7,031 

3,233 

21,706 

26,327 

32,832 

28,581 

18,613 

13,025 

9,091 

6,735 

4,885 

3,193 

2,120 

974 

567 

35 

83,446 

3,009 

1,521 

10,380 

1 1 ,828 

14,774 

13,644 

8,877 

6.316 

4.311 

3.147 

2.357 

1.499 

1,041 

455 

273 

14 

95,344 

4,014 

1.711 

1 1 .309 

14,483 

18,040 

14,904 

9,725 

6,700 

4.774 

3,578 

2,521 

1,687 

1,078 

515 

292 

13 

158 

34.8 

35.0 
34.5 
38.0 



197,023 

8,198 

3,809 

24,677 

28,883 

33,283 

30,373 

20,268 

15.041 

10,517 

7,994 

5,998 

3,683 

2,446 

1,203 

562 



92,416 

3,491 

1,788 

1 1 ,684 

13,270 

15,000 

14,510 

9,643 

7,278 

5,199 

3,758 

2.937 

1.756 

1.168 

605 

288 

41 

104,228 

4.694 

2.009 

12.953 

15.541 

18,229 

15,812 

10,582 

7,737 

5,303 

4,215 

3,049 

1,921 

1,274 

594 

272 

43 

379 

34.9 

35.3 
34.7 
34.9 



244,717 

9,470 

5,511 

31,526 

37.789 

42.292 

37.595 

23,463 

17,847 

12,419 

9,627 

7,355 

4,632 

2,977 

1,524 

680 

10 

115,114 

4,003 

2,474 

15,199 

17,717 

19,609 

18,090 

11.105 

8,651 

5,891 

4,457 

3,366 

2,131 

1,336 

742 

337 



124,425 

5,344 

2,919 

15,823 

19,444 

21,899 

18,777 

11,856 

8,766 

6,186 

4,892 

3,734 

2,301 

1,493 



301 



5,178 

34.5 

34.6 
34.3 
37.9 



' Due to problems with the newly automated naturalization system, data on naturalizations for fiscal year 1984 are incomplete. Workload data on 
petitions granted, an approximation of actual naturalizations, indicate that nearly 23.000 naturalization cases are missing from the Chicago, Houston, and 
San Francisco districts The missing cases are arrayed as follows: Chicago. 7.000 of 14.000 cases are missing; Houston, 3,000 of 4,500; and San 
Francisco, 13.000 of 27.000, These missing cases are not necessarily randomly distnbuted within each district. 

- Represents zero. 



92 



TABLES 54-67 



ENFORCEMENT 













TABLE 54. ALIENS APPREHENDED, DEPORTED, AND REQUIRED TO DEPART 
FISCAL YEARS 1892-1986 


Year 


Apprehended' 


Aliens expelled 


Total 


Deported 


Required to deparf 


1892-1986 


22,742,467 

NA 

NA 

NA 

128,484 

147,457 

1,377,210 

3,598,949 

509,040 

543,535 

885,587 

1,089,583 

254,096 

87,696 

59,918 

53,474 

45,336 

70,684 

1,608,356 
88,823 
92,758 
88,712 
86,597 
110.371 
138,520 
161,608 
212,057 
283,557 
345,353 

8,321,498 

420,126 

505,949 

655,968 

788,145 

766,600 

875,915 

221,824 

1,042,215 

1,057,977 

1,076,418 

910,361 

7,560,513 

975,780 
970,246 
1,251,357 
1 ,246,981 
1,348,749 
1,767,400 


21,135,976 

3,127 

11,558 

27,912 

164,390 

210,416 

1,581,774 

4,013,547 

686,713 

723,959 

905,236 

1,101,228 

247,797 

88,188 

68,461 

67,742 

64,598 

59.625 

1,430,902 
59,821 
61,801 
76.846 

81,788 
105,406 
132,851 
151,603 
189,082 
251,463 
320,241 

7,478,496 

387,713 
467,193 
584,847 
737,564 
679,252 
793,092 
199,207 
897,243 
1,003,886 
992,025 
736,474 

6,213,854 

836,953 
823.731 
943,554 
930,539 
1,066,862 
1,611,471 


930,394 

3,127 
11,558 
27.912 
92.157 
117.086 
110,849 

129,887 

13,544 
20,181 
19.845 
26.951 
15,028 
7,297 
5,082 
7,142 
7.988 
6,829 

96,374 

7,438 
7,637 
7,454 
8,746 
10,143 
9,168 
9,260 
9,130 
10.505 
16.893 

231,684 

17.639 
16.266 
16.842 
18.824 
23.438 
27.998 
8.927 
30.228 
28.371 
25.888 
17,263 

109,760 

16,596 
14,154 
16,763 
18,006 
20.560 
22,937 


20,205,582 


1892-1900 

1901-10 

1911-20 

1921-30 

1931-40 

1941-50 

1951-60 


NA 

NA 

NA 

72,233 

93,330 

1,470,925 

3,883,660 


1951 


673.169 


1952 


703,778 


1953 


885,391 


1954 


1,074,277 


1955 


232,769 


1956 


80,891 


1957 


63,379 


1958 


60,600 


1959 


56,610 


I960 


52,796 


1961-70 


1,334,528 


1961 


52,383 


1962 


54,164 


1963 


69,392 


1964 


73.042 


1965 


95,263 


1966 


123,683 


1967 . . . 


142,343 


1968 


179,952 


1969 


240.958 


1970 


303,348 


1971-80 


7,246,812 


1971 


370,074 


1972 


450.927 


1973 


568.005 


1974 


718,740 


1975 


655.814 


1976 


765.094 


1976 TO 


190.280 


1977 


867.015 


1978 


975,515 


1979 


966,137 


1980 


719,211 


1 98 1 -86 


6,104,094 


1981 


820,357 


1982 .. . 


809.577 


1983 


926,791 


1984 


912,533 


1985 


1.046,302 


1986 


1,588,534 






' Aliens apprehended 
leportable aliens located, 
' Aliens required to dep 
NOTE: NA Not availab 


first recorded in 1925. Prior to 1 
ncluding nonwillful crewman viotat 
art first recorded in 1927. 
le. See Glossary for definitions of 


960, represents total aliens actu 
3rs. 

fiscal years. 


ally apprehended. Since 1960, fie 


ures are for total 

95 



TABLE 55. DEPORTABLE ALIENS LOCATED BY STATUS AT ENTRY AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF NATIONALITY 

FISCAL YEAR 1986 



Region and country of nationality 



Status at entry 



Agricul- 
tural 
worker 



Nonwill- 
ful 
violator 



Willful 
violator 



Willful 
violator 



Immi- 
grant 



Stow- 
away 



Entry without 
inspection 



All countries . 



Europe 

Greece 

Italy 

United Kingdom 
Other Europe 

Asia 

China' 

Philippines 

Other Asia 

North America 

Canada 

lulexico 

Dominican Republic 

British West Indies & Belize 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Other North America 

South America 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Other South America 

Africa 

Other 



8,172 

671 

639 

1,491 

5,371 

9,848 

1,757 
1.979 
6,112 

1,730,198 

7,440 

1,671,458 

6,961 

1,261 

20,604 

9,927 

12,547 

13,421 

7,505 
1,513 
4,403 

2,770 

2,991 



30,459 

5,252 

220 

429 

1,004 

3,599 

5,334 

914 

972 

3,448 

13,856 

3,169 

6,368 

1,542 

580 

474 

420 

1,303 

3,302 

1,138 

485 

1,679 

1,361 



5,108 



317 

1,485 

407 
192 
886 

934 

176 

154 

218 

92 



519 

174 
66 
279 

1,066 

486 



1,624 



959 

32 
30 
80 
817 

813 

137 

51 
625 

1,709,344 

3,500 
1,661,997 
4,577 
245 
19,903 
9,338 
9,784 

8,475 

5,661 

881 

1,933 

152 



' China includes Mainland China and Taiwan. 
- Represents zero. 



96 



TABLE 56. ALIENS EXCLUDED BY CAUSE 
FISCAL YEARS 1892-1986 



Subversive 
or anarchist 



Criminal and 
violation of 
narcotic laws 



Mental or 
physical 
defect 



Likely to 
become 
public 
charge 



Stowaway 



Attempted 
entry without 
inspection or 

without 
proper docu- 
ments 



Contract 
laborer 



Unable to 
read (over 
1 6 years of 



637,928 

22,515 
108,211 
178,109 
189,307 
68,217 
30,263 

20,585 

3,784 

2.944 

3,637 

3,313 

2,667 

1,709 

907 

733 

480 

411 

4,831 

743 
388 
309 
421 
429 
512 
468 
460 
525 
576 

8,455 

655 
617 
504 
589 
994 

1,228 
318 

1,035 
906 
937 
672 

7,435 

659 

698 

979 

1.221 

1,637 
2,241 



1,396 



1,098 

29 



117 
302 
255 
102 
36 



65 

1,681 
4,353 
2,082 
1,261 
1,134 

1,791 

337 
285 
266 
299 
216 
174 
103 
59 
27 
25 



146 
81 

95 
66 

1,248 

152 
183 
205 
164 
274 
270 



89 

1,277 

4,824 

1,281 

253 

80 



124 
64 



82,624 

1,309 
24,425 
42,129 
1 1 ,044 
1,530 
1,021 

956 

337 
67 
130 
127 
113 



2 


23 


2 


22 


4 


18 


4 


19 


2 


21 



219,430 

15,070 
63,311 
90.045 
37,175 
12,519 
1,072 

149 



16,288 



1,904 
8,447 
2,126 
3,182 

376 



175 

29 



195,817 



94,084 
47,858 
22,441 

14,657 

2.783 

2,378 

2,937 

2,432 

1,832 

1,079 

348 

299 

276 

293 

3,706 

634 
280 
216 
343 
333 
415 
322 
323 
393 
447 

7,237 

536 
511 
415 
451 
854 
1,122 
288 
865 
798 
817 
580 

5,834 

486 
478 
728 
993 
1,263 
1,886 



41,941 

5.792 
12.991 
15.417 
6.274 
1.235 
219 

13 



5,083 

8,202 

258 

108 

26 



- Represents zero. 

NOTE: From 1941-53. figures represent all exclusions at sea and air ports and exclusions of aliens seeking entry for 30 days or longer at land ports. After 1953, 
includes aliens excluded after formal hearings. See Glossary for definitions of fiscal years. 



97 



TABLE 57. ALIENS EXCLUDED BY REGION AND COUNTRY OF BIRTH 
FISCAL YEARS 1981-86 



Region and country 
of birth 



All countries 

Europe 

Austria 

Belgium 

Bulgaria 

Czectioslovakia 

Denmark 

Finland 

France 

German Dem, Rep. .. 
Germany, Fed. Rep. 

Greece 

Hungary 

Iceland 

Ireland 

Italy 

Luxembourg 

Malta 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Spam 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

U.S.S.R 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Asia 

Afghanistan 

Bahrain 

Bangladesh , 

Brunei , 

Cambodia , 

China, f^ainland , 

Christmas Island , 

Cyprus 

Hong Kong 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Iraq 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Kuwait 

Lebanon 

Macau 

Malaysia 

Nepal 

Oman 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Saudi Arabia 

Singapore 

Sri Lanka 

Syna 

Taiwan 

Thailand 

Turkey 

United Arab Emirates 
Vietnam 

Africa 

Angola 



698 
51 



1,221 
53 



TABLE 57. ALIENS EXCLUDED BY REGION AND COUNTRY OF BIRTH 
FISCAL YEARS 1981-86— Continued 



Region and country 
of birth 


1981 


1982 


1983 


1984 


1985 


1986 


Benin 


_ 


. 


. 






1 


Burkina Faso 


- 


- 


1 


1 


_ 




Burundi 


- 


- 


1 


- 


_ 


_ 


Cameroon 


- 


- 


- 


_ 


_ 


1 


Cape Verde 


- 


- 


- 


- 


_ 


1 


Djibouti 


- 


- 


- 


- 


. 


1 


Egypt 


1 


4 


7 


3 


1 


7 


Equatonal Guinea 


- 


- 


- 


1 


. 


_ 


Ethiopia 


- 


2 


1 


1 


_ 


_ 


Gambia, The 


- 


1 


- 


- 


_ 


_ 


Ghana 


2 


2 


15 


12 


16 


27 


Guinea 


- 


- 


- 


1 


_ 




Ivory Coast 


- 


- 


- 


_ 


_ 


1 


Kenya 


2 


2 


- 


_ 


1 


1 


Libena 


1 


6 


3 


2 


2 


2 


Ubya 


2 


- 


- 


1 


1 




Madagascar 


- 


- 


- 


- 


_ 


1 


Malawi 


- 


2 


- 


_ 


_ 




Mall 


- 


1 


1 


_ 


_ 


_ 


Mauritius 


- 


_ 


_ 


_ 


_ 


1 


Morocco 


2 


- 


- 


2 


_ 


3 


Niger 


- 


- 


- 


_ 


_ 


12 


Nigeria 


9 


26 


43 


28 


51 


62 


Reunion 


- 


- 


1 


- 


_ 




Senegal 


- 


- 


- 


2 


2 


10 


Sierra Leone 


- 


- 


- 


1 


3 




Somalia 


- 


_ 


1 


2 


1 


1 


South Africa 


- 


_ 


1 






2 


Tanzania 


- 


_ 


2 


1 


_ 


1 


Togo 


- 


- 


- 


_ 


_ 


4 


Uganda 


- 


1 


- 


- 


_ 


_ 


Zaire 


- 


- 


- 


_ 


2 


1 


Zambia 


_ 


_ 


. 


1 






Zimbabwe 


9 


15 


12 


1 
10 


10 


1 


Oceania 


5 

1 


Australia 


5 


1 


1 


2 


Fiji 






"1 








New Zealand 


1 


2 
1 
2 


2 

5 


2 
1 

2 


2 




Pacitic Is, Trust Ter 


2 


Solomon Islands 


Tonga 


2 


Western Samoa 


3 


9 


3 


3 




North America 


426 


382 


552 


802 


1,021 

73 


1,393 

79 


Canada 


49 


35 


53 


44 


Mexico 


84 


56 


279 


427 


264 


180 


United States 


274 


1 
262 


203 


286 


633 


"1 


Caribbean 


1,055 
2 
6 

1 


Antigua-Barbuda 


6 


1 


5 


1 




Bahamas, The 


1 
5 
1 




4 
1 


4 
1 




Barbados 


Bermuda 




British Virgin Is 




Cayman Islands 




Cuba 


29 


3 


3 


4 




29 


Dominica 


1 


1 








37 


Dominican Republic 


91 


106 


71 


155 


239 


382 


Grenada 


15 


6 


8 


2 






Guadeloupe 




1 




1 






Haiti 


11 


68 


39 


36 


250 


496 


Jamaica 


98 


67 


60 


73 


116 


90 


Martinique 










Netherlands Antilles 


1 
3 


3 


1 

1 

1 
3 


2 
2 


2 


■] 


Puerto Rico 


2 
2 


St, Kitts-Nevis 


St. Lucia 


St Vincent & Grenadines .... 


3 


Trinidad & Tobago 


12 


g 


6 


5 


4 


3 


Turks & Caicos Is 


19 


28 


17 


45 


50 


1 


Central America 


78 





99 



TABLE 57. ALIENS EXCLUDED BY REGION AND COUNTRY OF BIRTH 
FISCAL YEARS 1981-86— Continued 



Region and country 
of birth 


1981 


1 

1982 


1983 


1984 


1985 


1986 


Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 


4 
3 

3 
1 
1 
4 
3 

79 

1 

1 
1 
3 
9 

58 
5 

1 


2 

1 
7 
1 
1 
14 
2 

104 

2 
3 
1 
1 
69 
1 

25 

] 

1 


3 
1 
2 
2 
2 
3 
4 

188 

1 
3 

120 

11 

45 
1 
5 
1 

1 


8 
2 
9 
6 
11 
7 
2 

182 


4 
2 
21 
6 
4 
8 
5 

266 


5 

9 
27 

7 
15 

5 
10 

233 




2 1 1 


3 




2 
5 
4 
126 
5 

29 

5 
1 

3 

1 


5 

5 

30 

186 
10 
2 
14 

6 

1 
6 


3 




8 


Chile 


5 




162 




21 








17 








4 








2 




8 




10 









- Represents zero. 



100 



TABLE 58. ALIENS UNDER DOCKET CONTROL REQUIRED TO DEPART 

BY REGION AND COUNTRY OF NATIONALITY 

CALENDAR YEARS 1980-86 



Region and country 
of nationality 



All countries 

Europe 

Albania 

Andorra 

Austna 

Belgium 

Bulgaria 

Czechoslovakia 

Denmark , 

Estonia 

Finland 

France 

German Dem. Rep. 
Germany Fed. Rep 

Greece 

Hungary 

Iceland 

Ireland 

Italy 

Latvia 

Liechtenstein 

Lithuania 

Luxembourg 

Malta 

Monaco 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

San Marino 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

U.S.S.R 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Asia 

Afghanistan 

Bahrain 

Bangladesh 

Bhutan 

Brunei 

Burma 

Cambodia 

China. Mainland 

Cyprus 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Iraq 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Kuwait 

Laos 

Lebanon 

Malaysia 

Nepal 

Oman 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Qatar 

Saudi Arabia 

Singapore 



3,937 

2 



234 
622 
26 



373 
154 



132 
63 



1,244 
110 



5,430 



321 

17 
423 

59 
1,310 

35 
148 
470 

86 
244 



201 

1,023 

3 



5,247 

3 



317 
754 
39 



178 
263 
397 
215 



352 
119 
99 
13 
1.334 
172 



16 

2 

453 



200 
558 
103 
314 



144 
39 



255 
1,155 



36 
203 

23 
302 
532 
158 
9 
111 
328 



476 

195 

23 

1 

160 

139 

87 

9 

1,127 

104 

5,863 

23 



48 
712 

29 
654 



194 
503 
128 
378 



300 
1,123 



3,173 

2 



159 
325 



341 
245 



508 
107 
354 
49 
168 
378 



12 
289 
721 



36,684 
2,425 



110 
238 



165 
3 



326 
141 



3,979 

9 



490 

12 

479 



133 

378 

73 

312 



7 
289 
628 

2 



38,115 
2,272 



116 
206 



76 
162 



231 
119 



740 
95 



3,808 

18 



1 

5 

1 

523 

13 
469 



133 
352 



307 

560 

2 



18,801 
1,215 



160 
56 



20 

3 

312 

86 

2,126 

5 



115 
492 



101 



TABLE 58. ALIENS UNDER DOCKET CONTROL REQUIRED TO DEPART 

BY REGION AND COUNTRY OF NATIONALITY 
CALENDAR YEARS 1980-86— Continued 



Region and country 
of nationality 



Sri Lanka 

Syria 

Taiwan 

Thailand 

Turkey 

United Arab Emirates 

Vietnam 

Yemen (Aden) 

Yemen (Sanaa) 

Africa 

Algeria 

Angola 

Benin 

Botswana 

Burkina Faso 

Burundi 

Cameroon 

Cape Verde 

Central African Rep .. 

Chad 

Congo 

Egypt 

Equatorial Guinea 

Ethiopia 

Gambia, The 

Ghana 

Guinea 

Guinea-Bissau 

Ivory Coast 

Kenya 

Lesotho 

Liberia 

Libya 

Madagascar 

Malawi 

Mali 

Mauritania 

Mauritius 

Morocco 

Mozambique 

Namibia 

Niger 

Nigeria 

Rwanda 

Senegal 

Seychelles 

Sierra Leone 

Somalia 

South Africa 

Sudan 

Swaziland 

Tanzania 

Togo 

Tunisia 

Uganda 

Zaire 

Zambia 

Zimbabwe 

Oceania 

Australia 

Fiji 

Kiribati 

Nauru 

New Zealand 

Pacific Is, Trust Ter ... 
Papua New Guinea ... 

Solomon Islands 

Tonga 



368 
203 
86 



3 
165 



403 
223 
87 



336 

114 
21 



220 
216 
142 



2 

195 



365 

105 
23 



172 
158 



165 
136 



222 

54 



102 



FRAME 14 FRIDAY, AUGUST 21, 1987. CLOCK TIME 11:06:11.42. 



TABLE 58. ALIENS UNDER DOCKET CONTROL REQUIRED TO DEPART 

BY REGION AND COUNTRY OF NATIONALITY 
CALENDAR YEARS 1980-86— Continued 



Region and country 


1980 


1981 


1982 


1983 


1984 


1985 


1986 


of nationality 
















Vanuatu 


. 


. 


_ 


. 


. 


1 


_ 


Western Samoa 


59 


39 


106 


45 


45 


42 


20 


North America 


28,929 

702 
16,625 


34,997 

801 
23,725 


30,549 

1,065 
19,127 


26,168 

862 
16,651 


24,702 

588 
15,646 


25,986 

452 
13,712 


13,017 


Canada 


258 


Mexico 


8,123 


Caribbean 


3,425 


4,050 


4,990 


4,539 


4,599 


7,028 


1,610 


Antigua Barbuda 


3 


23 


81 


66 


65 


78 


37 


Bahamas The 


45 


57 


59 


53 


36 


33 


10 


Barbados 


211 


250 


238 


161 


181 


190 


37 


Cuba 


69 


42 


106 


84 


36 


32 


20 


Dominica 


4 


7 


29 


43 


54 


52 


33 


Dominican Republic 


1,065 


1,328 


1,441 


1,262 


1,525 


2,110 


592 


Grenada 


59 


124 


153 


131 


126 


174 


33 


Haiti 


831 


896 


1,277 


1.267 


971 


2,682 


342 


Jamaica 


792 


982 


1,214 


1,099 


1,235 


1,238 


379 




4 


_ 


3 


22 


46 


44 


26 


St. Lucia 


- 


2 


11 


24 


21 


27 


18 


St. Vincent S Grenadines 


1 


2 


17 


19 


25 


33 


8 


Trinidad & Tobago 


341 


337 


361 


308 


278 


335 


75 


Central America 


8,177 


6,421 


5,367 


4,116 


3,869 


4,794 


3,026 


Belize 


1 


10 


50 


39 


86 


111 


29 


Costa Rica 


159 


173 


266 


217 


148 


151 


53 


El Salvador 


5,071 


3,667 


2,655 


1,996 


1,939 


2,384 


1,774 




2,006 


1,576 


1,429 


987 


875 


1,254 


664 


Honduras 


433 


480 


476 


465 


473 


568 


281 


Nicaragua 


388 


317 


311 


274 


221 


202 


191 


Panama 


119 

4,304 

279 


198 

4,645 

246 


180 

5,124 

278 


138 

4,732 

184 


127 

4,453 

149 


124 

5,094 

158 


34 


South America 


1,868 


Argentina 


73 


Bolivia 


102 
195 
209 
1,382 
815 
367 


125 
203 
220 
1,542 
846 
372 


131 
223 

245 

1,924 

807 

377 


172 
220 

199 

1,997 

598 

367 


79 
176 
146 
2,137 
587 
424 


109 
200 
137 
2,431 
694 
685 


63 


Brazil 


88 


Chile 


62 


Colombia 


910 


Ecuador 


185 


Guyana 


135 


Paraguay 


19 


24 


31 


19 


18 


29 


8 


Peru 


580 

1 

147 


599 

3 

187 


605 

8 

178 


559 

4 

111 


496 
4 
98 


444 

5 

116 


264 


Suriname 


2 


Uruguay 


34 


Venezuela 


208 
4 


278 
19 


317 
42 


302 
66 


139 
67 


86 

11 


44 


Stateless or not reported 


1 







Represents zero. 



103 



TABLE 59. ALIENS UNDER DOCKET CONTROL REQUIRED TO DEPART 

BY CAUSE AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF NATIONALITY 

FISCAL YEAR 1986 



Region and country 
of nationality 



Violation of 

narcotic 

laws 



Previously 
excluded 



deported 



Mental or 
physical 
defect 





Failed to 




maintain or 


Entered 


comply 


without 


with con- 


proper 


ditions of 


documents 


nonimmi- 




grant 




status 



Entered 

without 

inspection 

or by false 

statements 



Miscel- 
laneous 



All countries . 



Europe 

France 

Germany. Federal Rep 

Greece 

Italy .. 

Poland 

Portugal 

United Kingdom 

Other Europe 

Asia 

China, Mainland 

India 

Iran 

Israel 

Japan 

Korea 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Taiwan 

Thailand 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Nigeria 

Other Africa 

Oceania 

North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Dominican Republic ... 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

Trinidad & Tobago 

Other Canbbean 

Central America 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Other Central America 

South America 

Argentina 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Peru 

Other South America .... 

Stateless or not reported 



1,719 

91 
120 
109 
132 
243 
114 
468 
442 

2,989 

330 
351 
306 
102 
212 
193 
192 
550 
153 
104 
496 

553 

166 
387 

210 

19,406 

377 
11,615 

3,036 
968 
981 
587 
136 
364 

4,378 
106 

2,357 

1,133 
445 
211 
126 

3,123 

117 
135 
114 
1,536 
380 
265 
347 
229 



104 
84 



368 


86 


344 


76 


2,442 


447 


268 


54 


251 


96 


270 


34 


79 


20 


192 


14 


129 


48 


150 


39 


459 


57 


136 


16 


100 


2 


408 


69 


480 


52 


146 


14 


334 


38 



3,274 


15,711 


237 


73 


847 


10,490 


1,465 


1,530 


262 


694 


478 


492 


359 


216 


108 


28 


258 


100 


725 


3,618 


65 


41 


216 


2,128 


173 


950 


148 


293 


60 


150 


63 


56 


1,430 


1,644 


83 


28 


108 


25 


79 


33 


487 


1,031 


191 


185 


141 


118 



Represents zero 



104 



TABLE 60. ALIENS DEPORTED BY CAUSE 
FISCAL YEARS 1908-86 



Subver- 
sive or 
anarchist 



Violation 
of nar- 
cotic 
laws 



Mental or 
physical 
defect 



Previous- 
ly ex- 
cluded or 
deported 



Failed to 
maintain or 

comply 
with condi- 
tions of 
nonimmi- 
grant sta- 
tus 



Entered 

without 

proper 

documents 



Entered 

without 

inspection 

or by false 

statements 



Public 
charge 



Unable 
to read 
(over 16 
years of 
age) 



1908 
1911 
1921 
1931 
1941 
1951 



60 . 



1961-70 . 

1961 .... 
1962.... 

1963 .... 

1964 .... 

1965 .... 
1966.... 

1967 .... 

1968 .... 
1969.... 
1970 .... 



1971-80 

1971 

1972 

1973 

1974 

1975 

1976 

1976 TO . 

1977 

1978 

1979 

1980 



1981-86 . 

1981 
1982 
1983 
1984 
1985 
1986 



921,852 

6,868 
27,912 
92,157 
117,086 
110,849 
129,887 

96,374 

7,438 
7,637 
7,454 
8,746 
10,143 
9,168 
9,260 
9,130 
10,505 
16,893 

231,683 

17.639 
16,266 
16,842 
18,824 
23,438 
27,998 
8,927 
30,228 
28,371 
25,888 
17,262 

109,016 

16,596 
14,154 
16,763 
18,006 
20,560 
22,937 



353 
642 
253 



51,711 

236 

1,209 
8,383 
16,597 
8,945 
6,742 

3,694 

498 
493 
452 
417 
385 
323 
320 
266 
272 
268 

2,515 

286 
266 
226 
191 
225 
272 
83 
285 
220 
264 
197 

3,390 

192 
228 
538 
568 
728 
1,136 



16,615 

784 
4,324 
4,238 
4,838 

759 
1,175 

397 



374 

1,108 

822 

947 

1,462 

106 
131 
158 
146 
143 
130 
154 
137 
155 
202 

3,622 

232 

307 
395 
396 
583 
464 
110 
372 
314 
265 
184 

2,805 

159 
168 
296 
501 
713 
968 



27,320 

3,228 
6,364 
8,936 
6,301 
1.560 
642 

236 



41,829 



178 
1,842 
9,729 
17,642 
4.002 

3,601 

357 
353 
368 
373 
355 
336 
360 
345 
361 
393 

4,028 

476 
487 
594 
440 
526 
481 
141 
315 
236 
202 
130 

807 

120 
88 
115 
125 
147 
212 



135,466 



5,556 
14.669 
13,906 
25,260 

31,334 

3.020 
2.967 
2,302 
2,473 
3,241 
3,668 
3,126 
3,200 
2,901 
4,436 

33,725 

4,140 
3,966 
3,989 
3,839 
3.649 
3.782 
1.007 
3,150 
2.543 
1,901 
1,759 

11,016 

1,928 
1,716 
1.810 
1.801 
1,886 
1,875 



31,704 
45,480 
14,288 
35.090 

11,831 

400 

378 

417 

688 

1,036 

984 

1.272 

1,356 

1,789 

3,511 

16,501 

2.979 

2,710 

2,247 

2,086 

1.896 

1.185 

271 

1.066 

871 

707 

483 

2,530 

470 
407 
448 
398 
441 
366 



422,858 

1,106 
4,128 
5,265 
5,159 
50,209 
54,457 

43,561 

2,916 
3.185 
3.642 
4,580 
4,881 
3.615 
3.947 
3,777 
4,983 
8,035 

170,955 

9,483 
8,486 
9,342 
11,839 
16.529 
21,777 
7,304 
25,012 
24,165 
22,525 
14.493 

88,018 

13,708 
1 1 ,520 
13.337 
14,551 
16.622 
18.280 



22,565 

474 

9,086 

10,703 

1,886 

143 

225 

8 



16,762 



704 
5.977 
8,329 
1,746 



16,619 

1,060 
1,566 
8,537 
2.737 
812 
1,112 

235 



182 

21 



- Represents zero. 

NOTE: Deportation statistics by cause were not available prior to fiscal year 1908. See Glossary for definitions of fiscal years. 



105 



TABLE 61. ALIENS DEPORTED BY REGION AND COUNTRY OF NATIONALITY 
CALENDAR YEARS 1980-86 



Region and country 


1980 


1981 


1982 


1983 


1984 


1985 


1986 


of nationality 
















All countries 


14,716 


17,062 


14,435 


19,119 


18,230 


21,304 


22,255 
326 


Europe 


492 


469 


415 


411 


348 


348 


Albania 


3 


_ 


_ 


_ 


_ 


1 


_ 


Austria 


1 


5 


3 


5 


4 


6 


2 


Belgium 


2 


4 


5 


4 


1 


5 


8 


Bulgana 


2 


- 


1 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Czechoslovakia 


2 


- 


3 


- 


2 


3 


2 


Denmai1( 


4 


5 


1 


1 


3 


3 


5 


Estonia 


3 


1 


2 


- 


- 


_ 


_ 


Finland 


3 


3 


2 


1 


- 


2 


- 


France 


16 


27 


26 


25 


26 


26 


23 


German Dem Hep 


- 


- 


4 


- 


2 


8 


2 


Germany Fed Rep 


28 


34 


29 


40 


33 


39 


30 


Greece 


137 


101 


71 


51 


33 


39 


18 


Hungary 


1 


2 


15 


7 


7 


6 


5 


Iceland 


- 


1 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1 


Ireland 


2 


7 


10 


9 


5 


11 


12 


Italy . 


21 


14 


22 


15 


12 


11 


9 


Latvia 


1 


2 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1 


Lithuania 


2 


1 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Luxembourg 


- 


1 


1 


- 


- 


_ 




Malta 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1 


- 


1 


Monaco 


- 


1 


2 


- 


_ 


1 


_ 


Netherlands 


12 


9 


19 


8 


10 


9 


11 


Norway 


3 


1 


2 


- 


1 


2 


1 


Poland 


21 


16 


7 


11 


5 


10 


13 


Portugal 


8 


13 


13 


12 


7 


9 


34 


Romania 


- 


3 


1 


1 


- 


2 


1 


San Marino 


_ 


- 


1 


_ 


_ 


_ 


1 


Spain 


16 


13 


10 


18 


14 


14 


15 


Sweden 


4 


1 


4 


6 


2 


4 


4 


Switzerland 


3 


3 


7 


5 


4 


4 


3 


U.S.S R 


2 


2 


2 


2 


- 


- 


1 


United Kingdom 


183 


189 


144 


184 


154 


117 


105 


Yugoslavia 


12 


10 


8 


6 


22 


16 


18 


Asia 


572 


547 


576 


582 


499 


533 


591 


Afghanistan 


1 


2 


3 


2 




2 




Bahrain 


1 
7 


11 


6 


11 


16 


12 




Bangladesh 


5 


Bhutan 


1 
27 
3 


1 

2 

1 

32 

5 


4 
2 

35 


8 

1 

36 
2 


1 

18 
1 


1 
36 




Burma 




Cambodia 




China, Mainland 


31 


Cyprus 


1 


India 


51 
18 


52 

7 


72 
18 


43 

7 


51 
4 


49 
5 


72 


Indonesia 


4 


Iran 


239 


159 

1 


88 


67 
3 


63 

5 


86 

7 


85 


Iraq 


13 


Israel 


13 
12 


18 
14 


13 
32 


30 
22 


16 
33 


18 
30 


22 


Japan 


28 


Jordan 


16 


18 


15 


16 


21 


31 


22 


Korea 


13 


18 


21 


33 


50 


32 


30 


Kuwait 


1 
8 
4 


19 
5 


13 
2 


2 

21 
3 


21 
2 


2 

18 
3 


2 


Lebanon 


21 


Malaysia 


6 


Nepal 


1 




3 


10 


5 


1 


2 


Oman 




1 


2 


8 


4 


2 




Pakistan 


24 


31 


40 


64 


51 


36 


55 


Philippines 


47 


78 


117 


108 


72 


102 


122 


Saudi Arabia 


3 


2 


5 


3 


3 


3 


5 


Singapore 


4 


4 


2 


1 




2 


2 


Sri Lanka 




6 


9 


10 


9 


3 


10 


Syria 


3 


5 


2 


4 


5 


9 


2 


Taiwan 


39 


33 


10 


13 


10 


12 


22 


Thailand 


28 


16 


37 


26 


20 


18 


18 


Turkey 


8 


5 


24 


26 


12 


13 


10 


Vietnam 





















106 



TABLE 61. ALIENS DEPORTED BY REGION AND COUNTRY OF NATIONALITY 
CALENDAR YEARS 1980-86— Continued 



Region and country 
of nationality 



Yemen (Aden) 

Yemen (Sanaa) 

Africa ............. 

Algeria 

Benin 

Botswana 

Burkina Faso 

Cameroon 

Cape Verde 

Central African Rep .. 

Chad 

Comoros 

Congo 

Egypt 

Equatorial Guinea 

Ethiopia 

Gabon 

Gambia, The 

Ghana 

Guinea 

Guinea-Bissau 

Ivory Coast 

Kenya 

Liberia 

Libya 

Madagascar 

Mall 

Mauritius 

Morocco 

Mozambique 

Namibia 

Niger 

Nigeria 

Rwanda 

Senegal 

Sierra Leone 

Somalia 

South Africa 

Sudan 

Swaziland 

Tanzania 

Tunisia 

Uganda 

Zaire 

Zambia 

Zimbabwe 

Oceania 

Australia 

Fyi 

New Zealand 

Pacific Is, Trust Ter ... 

Tonga 

Western Samoa 

North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Antigua-Barbuda 

Bahamas, The 

Barbados 

Cuba 

Dominica 

Dominican Republic 

Grenada 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

St. Kitts-Nevis 

St. Lucia 



170 

10 



12,715 

269 

9,612 

417 



255 
2 



14 

14,964 

276 

10,276 

429 

1 



10 

12,225 

293 

8,438 

391 



22 
155 



5 
159 



16,815 

316 

10,933 

431 

4 

13 



6 

176 

2 



15,799 

291 

10,697 

627 

8 

12 



310 
5 



15 
220 



18 

18,479 

267 

11,066 

602 

5 

12 



11 

19,286 

218 

11,008 

569 

4 
27 



107 



TABLE 61. ALIENS DEPORTED BY REGION AND COUNTRY OF NATIONALITY 
CALENDAR YEARS 1980-86— Continued 



Region and country 


1980 


1981 


1982 


1983 


1984 


1985 


1986 


of nationality 
















SI. Vincent & Grenadines .... 


. 


_ 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


Trinidad & Tobago 


29 


21 


15 


36 


39 


31 


26 


Central America 


2,417 


3,983 


3,103 


5,135 


4,184 


6,544 

77 


7,491 

94 


Belize 




2 


9 


13 


41 


Costa Rica 


18 


27 


31 


88 


47 


49 


61 


El Salvador 


1.773 


2,722 


2,066 


3,396 


2,609 


3,339 


3,596 


Guatemala 


448 


637 


640 


1,000 


907 


1,958 


2,468 


Honduras 


119 


503 


264 


533 


467 


916 


1,079 


Nicaragua 


27 


50 


54 


59 


64 


163 


147 


Panama 


32 


42 


39 


46 


49 


42 


46 


South Amenca 


732 


784 


877 


948 


1,130 


1,486 


1,640 


Argentina 


32 


20 


28 


25 


34 


36 


39 


Bolivia 


5 


15 


22 


32 


51 


52 


62 


Brazil . 


9 


21 


33 


30 


35 


35 


85 


Chile ., 


62 


35 


28 


33 


30 


30 


29 


Colombia 


358 


406 


442 


518 


675 


947 


1,057 


Ecuador 


134 


116 


154 


125 


132 


151 


163 


Guyana 


18 


34 


28 


34 


34 


27 


15 


Paraguay 


3 


- 


4 


11 


4 


6 


5 


Peru ... 


76 


106 


100 


89 


80 


143 


111 


Suriname 


- 


- 


3 


1 


1 


1 


1 


Uruguay 


18 


19 


13 


17 


4 


17 


29 


Venezuela 


17 


12 


22 


33 


50 


41 


44 


Stateless or not reported 






3 


9 


18 


3 


1 



Represents zero. 



108 



TABLE 62. ALIENS DEPORTED BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY TO WHICH DEPORTED 
FISCAL YEARS 1977-86 



Region and country 
to which deported 



All countries 

Europe 

France 

Germany 

Germany, Federal Rep. .. 
German Democratic Rep. 

Greece 

Portugal 

United Kingdom 

Other Europe 

Asia 

Hong Kong 

India 

Iran 

Japan 

Jordan 

Koiea 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Other Asia 



Africa 

Ghana .. . 

Niger 

Nigeria 

Other Afnca 

Oceania 

Tonga 

Other Oceania 

North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Dominican Republic .. 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

Trinidad & Tobago 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Peru 

Venezuela 

Other South America ... 

Unknown or not reported 



30,228 



(') 

(') 

396 
15 
90 

161 

635 

131 
46 
41 
24 
16 



239 

53 



86 

100 



13 
43 

26,884 

476 

19,656 

632 

181 

87 

146 

62 

156 

6,120 

91 

59 

3,877 

1,687 

250 

97 

59 

1,655 

83 
36 
20 
114 
605 
536 
55 
150 
23 
33 



28,371 



(') 

(') 

291 
19 
63 

136 

513 

73 



260 

58 



98 
104 



10 
33 

25,515 

430 

19,451 

526 

201 

73 

103 

42 

107 

5,108 

66 

57 

3,415 

1,285 

185 

53 

47 

1,461 

58 



559 
466 



162 
20 



25,828 



34 

(') 

(') 

155 
14 
58 

103 

392 

69 
35 



212 

42 



7 
23 

23,627 

412 

17,777 

513 

233 

63 

95 

29 

93 

4,925 

63 

22 

3,471 

1,087 

207 

52 

23 



1,159 

34 



492 

347 



(') 
(') 
142 
5 
83 
104 



170 
16 



10 
33 

15,291 

331 
11,159 
498 
260 
33 
101 



47 
24 
2,390 
644 
137 
20 
41 

820 

35 



367 
179 



499 

31 



152 
15 



41 

14,843 

345 

10,452 

492 

307 

12 

96 

24 

53 

3,554 

70 

23 

2,333 

557 

487 

40 

44 

706 

28 
13 
15 
30 
368 



480 

20 



144 
105 



45 



12,182 

315 
8,387 
376 
146 
13 
144 



3,104 

59 

24 

2,118 

587 

211 



818 

23 



428 

143 
24 



299 


281 


30 


25 


(') 


(') 


43 


47 


3 


3 



30 
108 
154 

277 

32 

2 

131 

112 



26 

14,808 

357 

9,327 

417 



14 



3,104 
917 
471 



460 
116 



31 
102 
124 

347 

35 



44 

15,741 

477 

10,510 

618 

300 

35 

159 

39 

85 

4.136 

83 

53 

2,585 

880 

469 

41 



25 



1,090 

43 



624 
150 
30 



63 


91 


97 


119 


500 


583 


23 


27 


42 


58 


63 


85 


39 


38 



100 
137 



367 

39 



198 

112 



56 

18,060 

393 

1 1 ,368 

525 

168 

56 

195 

32 

74 

5,774 

114 

41 

3,034 

1,634 

792 

124 

35 

1,273 

27 
50 
21 
22 
821 
134 
26 
115 
35 



120 
140 



355 

28 



42 

19,866 

306 

11,475 

629 

188 

128 

212 

26 

75 

7,456 

126 

51 

3,687 

2,329 

1,064 

155 

44 

1,732 

48 
51 
88 

47 

1,112 

163 

24 
130 

46 

23 



' Prior to fiscal year 1982, data for Federal Republic of Germany and German Democratic Republic are included in 
Germany. 
- Represents zero. 



109 



TABLE 63. ALIENS DEPORTED BY CAUSE AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF NATIONALITY 

FISCAL YEAR 1986 



jglon and country 
of nationality 



Violation of 
narcotic laws 



Previously 

excluded or 

deported 



Entered 
without 
proper docu- 
ments 



Failed to 
maintain or 
comply with 
conditions of 
nonimmigrant 
status 



Entered 

without 

Inspection or 

by false 
statements 



All countries 

Europe 

France 

Germany. Federal Rep. . 

Greece 

Portugal 

United Kingdom 

Other Europe 

Asia 

China, Mainland 

India 

Iran 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Ghana 

Nigeria 

Other Africa 

Oceania ...... 

Tonga 

Other Oceania 

North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Bahamas, The 

Dominican Republic .... 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

Trinidad & Tobago 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Peru 

Venezuela 

Other South Amenca 

Stateless or not reported . 



22,937 



30 
133 
126 

621 

34 
66 
106 
35 
28 
30 
61 
119 
142 

381 

30 
245 
106 



37 

19,750 

227 

11,384 

637 

25 

197 

141 

207 

31 

36 

7,502 

90 

54 

3,690 

2,369 

1,074 

174 

51 

1,743 

50 
52 
88 
40 
1,112 

167 
24 

137 
47 
26 



1,136 



2 

2 

1,031 

58 

842 

38 

4 
14 



968 
23 



2 

2 

684 

26 
523 
75 



212 

4 



186 

10 
133 
10 



303 

10 

242 

18 



207 

17 



410 

23 



649 

79 
276 
151 



300 

24 



16,818 

39 

9,308 

341 

9 

117 

114 

71 

11 

19 

7,130 

63 

39 

3,546 

2,284 

1,017 

163 

18 

1,185 

20 



824 

130 

6 

82 



Represents zero. 



110 



ALIENS DEPORTED AND UNDER DOCKET CONTROL REQUIRED TO DEPART BY STATUS AT ENTRY 
FISCAL YEARS 1981-86 



Status at entry 



Aliens deported 



Total 

Immigrant (except displaced person, 

refugee, or conditional entrant) 

Displaced person or refugee 

Foreign government official 

Temporary visitor 

Transit alien 

Crewman 

Treaty trader or investor 

Representative to international organization 

Returning resident alien 

Student - academic institution 

Student - vocational 

Entered without inspection 

Otfier temporary worker or industnal trainee 

Representative of foreign information 
media 

Exchange visitor 

Conditional entrant 

Fiance(e) 

Intracompany transferee 

Other 



Aliens under docket control required to 
depart ' 



Total 

Immigrant (except displaced person, 

refugee, or conditional entrant) 

Displaced person or refugee 

Foreign government official 

Temporary visitor 

Transit alien 

Crewman 

Treaty trader or investor 

Representative to international organization 

Returning resident alien 

Student - academic institution 

Student - vocational 

Entered without inspection 

Other temporary worker or industrial trainee 

Representative of foreign information 
media 

Exchange visitoi 

Conditional entrant 

Fiance(e) 

Intracompany transferee 

Other 



275 
2 



333 

12 

95 

14,950 

1,556 

1,315 

53 

47 

11 



22,135 
650 



36 
732 



14,154 

292 



1,296 
61 
231 



12 

276 

X 

11,582 

32 



44,796 

244 

13 

162 

15,199 

837 

992 

102 

134 

14 

2,173 

X 

22,529 

577 



48 
1,373 



41,353 

163 
29 
88 
13,960 
980 
793 
169 
79 



20,994 
383 



227 


266 


48 


50 


3 


3 


1,578 


1,615 


42 


52 


140 


122 


2 


5 


2 


- 


5 


3 


284 


302 


3 


- 


5,161 


17,576 


50 


47 



144 
34 
76 
10,990 
626 
757 
89 
80 



22,188 
358 



29 

81 

12,121 

601 

636 

82 

68 

1 



25,774 
342 



97 
2,530 



5 

8 

389 



106 

32 

35 

6,839 

287 

316 

61 

37 



17,944 
263 



132 
X 
16 
88 

872 



Excludes required departures of technical violators and direct departures under safeguards. 
Represents zero. X Not applicable. 



Ill 



ALIENS DEPORTED AND REQUIRED TO DEPART BY REGION AND DISTRICT OFFICE 
FISCAL YEAR 1986 



Region and district office 



Deported 



Required to depart 



All regions 

Eastern Region 

Baltimore. MD 

Boston, MA 

Buffalo, NY 

Newark, NJ 

New York, NY 

Philadelphia, PA ... 

Portland, ME 

San Juan, PR 

Washington, DC ... 

Southern Region .... 

Atlanta. GA 

Dallas, TX 

El Paso, TX 

Harlingen, TX 

Houston, TX 

Miami, FL 

New Orleans, LA .. 
San Antonio. TX ... 

Northern Region .... 

Anchorage, AK 

Chicago, IL 

Cleveland, OH 

Denver, CO 

Detroit, Ml 

Helena, MT 

Kansas City, MO .. 

Omaha, NE 

Portland, OR 

St, Paul, MN 

Seattle, WA 

Western Region 

Honolulu, HI 

Los Angeles, CA .. 

Phoenix, AZ 

San Diego, CA 

San Francisco, CA 



17,490 

707 
1,449 

397 
2,995 
4,170 
1,182 
1,599 
4,765 

226 

707,463 

330 

552 

324,937 

1 1 1 ,207 

1,946 

3,335 

1,950 

263,206 

7,978 

82 
2,795 
221 
909 
951 
516 
264 
112 
428 
552 
1,148 

878,540 

485 

9,338 

162,461 

703,705 

2,551 



>2,937 


1,588,534 


1,217 


16,273 


58 


649 


269 


1,180 


106 


291 


82 


2,913 


494 


3,676 


96 


1,086 


18 


1,581 


57 


4,708 


37 


189 


0,788 


696,675 


50 


280 


246 


306 


3,131 


321,806 


2,044 


109,163 


1,587 


359 


1,084 


2,251 


784 


1,166 


1,862 


261,344 



1,672 



6,306 



468 


2,327 


26 


195 


368 


541 


64 


887 


46 


470 


44 


220 


16 


96 


132 


296 


82 


470 


404 


744 


9,260 


869,280 


94 


391 


2,037 


7,301 


1,098 


161,363 


4,821 


698,884 


1,210 


1,341 



112 



TABLE 66. REPORT OF SERVICE PARTICIPATION IN THE CONTROL OF MARIJUANA, NARCOTICS, AND DANGEROUS DRUG TRAFFIC 

FISCAL YEARS 1980-86 



Year and seizure 



Type of contraband 



Marijuana 
(lbs) 



Heroin 
(oz.) 



Opium 
(oz.) 



Cocaine 
(oz.) 



Hashish 
(oz.) 



Dangerous 

drug pills 

(units) 



1980 

No. of seizures 

Amount seized 

Est. value of seizures (dollars) 

1981 

No. of seizures 

Amount seized 

Est. value of seizures (dollars) 

1982 

No. of seizures 

Amount seized 

Est. value of seizures (dollars) 

1983 

No. of seizures 

Amount seized 

Est. value of seizures (dollars) 

1984 

No. of seizures 

Amount seized 

Est. value of seizures (dollars) 

1985 

No. of seizures 

Amount seized 

Est. value of seizures (dollars) 

1986 

No. of seizures 

Amount seized 

Est. value of seizures (dollars) 



1,753 
62,178.13 
18,814,485 



2,011 
24,681 02 
5,367,510 



1,902 
20,936.88 
4,562,619 



2,059 
38,699.83 
26,239,417 



1,108 
37,241.60 
29,641,292 



1,853 
72,472.26 
49,887,508 



2,378 
143,389,532 
91,423,583 



47.71 
5,000,455 



5 

19.10 

47,736 



29.22 
81,857 



176.64 
13,935,361 



24 

429.11 
11,061,697 



33 

371.38 

4,093,249 



990,389 
59,758,294 



12.42 
30.006 



1 

1.03 

2.000 



2 
27.70 
23.232 



34.92 
17.325 



65.050 
1,529,600 



52 

7,118.31 

102,584,650 



264.53 
948,018 



115 

1,509.08 

7,598,149 



157 

2,464.89 

15,679,587 



167 

377,298 

13,859,799 



22,038.87 
75,416,137 



291 
44,200,478 
111,111,329 



265 
281 81 
72,953 



263 
882.35 
232,737 



325 
367.87 
88,605 



293 
1,328.15 
253,543 



77.76 
41,606 



203 

186.04 

449,761 



391 
460,686 
182,965 



246 
109,974 
102,405 



317 
144,665 
181,175 



323 

156,080,24 

462,773 



280 

339,534.00 

1,441,573 



97 

46,065.00 

31,199 



13,290.00 
15,111 



240 

160,397,001 

267,254 



58 

X 

593,320 

82 

X 

7,626.632 



56 

X 

67,183 

40 

X 

1,124,084 



110 

X 

180,581 



2,381 

X 

127,168,419 



2,777 

X 

14,404,428 



2,748 

X 

13,812,877 



2,867 

X 

57,618,664 



1,517 

X 

55,782,909 

2,457 

X 

130,048,339 

3,484 

X 

264,453,606 



NOTE: X Not applicable. 



113 



TABLE 67. PRINCIPAL ACTIVITIES AND ACCOMPLISHMENTS OF THE BORDER PATROL 
FISCAL YEARS 1980-86 



Activities and 
accompiishments 



Persons apprehended 

Deportable aliens located 

Mexican aliens 

Working in agriculture 

Working in trades, crafts, and 
industry 

Others 

Canadian aliens 

All others 

Smugglers of aliens located 

Aliens located who were smuggled 
into the United States 

Aliens located who were previously 
expelled 

Aliens located with previous criminal 
records 

Conveyances examined 

Trains 

Automobiles 

Buses 

Boats 

Other conveyances 

Persons questioned 

On trains 

In automobiles 

In buses 

On boats 

On other conveyances 

Pedestrians 

Seizures: 

Automobiles and trucks 

Airplanes 

Other conveyances 

Value of seizures (dollars) 

Narcotics 

Other 



766,635 

759,420 
734,219 

51,035 

16,772 

666,412 

5,260 

19,941 

13,076 



11,318 

3,649,484 

67,920 

2,590.466 

121,479 

5.843 

1,063.776 

10,843,556 

96,377 
6,328,167 
1 ,076,048 

13,968 
1,623,256 
1,705,740 



116,115,233 

110,272,381 
5.842,852 



825,290 
797,923 

75.241 

23.730 

698.952 

5,756 

21,611 

12,643 



12.489 

4,639,432 

53,111 

3.073.660 

119,515 

7,283 

1 ,385,863 

12,492,064 

103,931 
7,186,511 
1,169,223 
19,891 
2,150,863 
1,861,645 



17,347,904 

10,236,116 
7,111.788 



819,919 
795,362 

93,702 

26,532 

675.128 

5,694 

18,863 

11,777 



9,292 

5,370,642 

53,766 

3,612,863 

119,177 

7,330 

1.577,506 

14,238,390 

111,357 
8,476.982 
1,262.651 
21,473 
2,400,445 
1,965,482 



6,024,867 

5.242,326 
782,541 



1,105,670 
1,076,345 

87.606 

24,515 

964,224 

5,893 

23,432 

13,393 



9,224 

5,489,598 

55,502 

3.861,666 

113.165 

9,778 

1 ,449,487 

14,474,230 

146,130 
8,722,345 
1,349,038 
30,678 
2,106.050 
2,119,989 



5,702 

3 

102 

30,325,276 

28,729,119 
1,596,157 



1,140,466 
1,104,429 

83,706 

24,854 

995,869 

5,805 

30,232 

13.435 



8.745 

5,211,177 

61,921 

3,765.347 

114,821 

8,563 

1,260,525 

14,444,047 

174,619 
9.058,073 
1,230,307 
26,315 
1,866,080 
2.088.653 



44,505,793 

42.939.946 
1,565,847 



1,272,435 

1,262,435 
1,218,695 

76,054 

26,674 

1,115,967 

5,868 

37,872 

14,666 



1,705,278 

1,692,544 
1,635,702 

80,922 

44,971 

1,509,809 

6,235 

50,607 

19,275 



4,901,449 


6,156,965 


109,819 


66.038 


3,468,295 


4.543,187 


104,184 


106.704 


7,996 


9,380 


1,211,155 


1,431,656 


13,490,124 


17,630,943 


226,227 


274,432 


8.093.350 


10,952,483 


1,202.491 


1,404,906 


28,754 


32,033 


1,876.370 


2,185,425 


2.062.932 


2,781,664 



122,007,498 

119,822,206 
2,185,292 



165,106,668 

161,736,752 
3,369,916 



FRAME 57 



FRIDAY, AUGUST 28, 1987. CLOCK TIME 10:47:41.36. 



114 



TABLES 68-71 



ENTRIES 

LITIGATION 

LEGAL ACTIVITY 



TABLE 68. PRIMARY INSPECTIONS OF TOTAL ESTIMATED ALIENS 

AND CITIZENS ADMITTED BY STATE AND PORT OF ENTRY 

FISCAL YEAR 1986 



State and port 



Total 



Aliens 



State and port 



Total 



Total 320.719,626 187,465,292 133,254,334 

Alaska 558,123 218,660 339,463 

Alcan 139,058 14,870 124.188 

Anchorage 168.547 133,987 34,560 

Dalton's Cache 45.370 12.865 32.505 

Ketchikan 101.588 20.521 81.067 

Skagway 103,560 36,417 67,143 

Arizona 22.700.979 14.155.103 8.545.876 

Douglas 4.938.753 2.962.899 1.975,854 

Lukevllle 539.891 188.627 351,264 

Naco 919,580 603,600 315,980 

Nogales 10.591.790 6.223.909 4.367,881 

Phoenix 27.173 6,858 20,315 

Sasabe 40.010 15.264 24,746 

San Luis 5,590,924 4,129,288 1,461,636 

Tucson 52,858 24,658 28,200 

California 65,855,284 39,491,866 26.363.418 

Andrade 836,212 324,778 511.434 

Calexico 15.957.885 12,212.388 3.745.497 

Los Angeles 3,314,002 1,469,463 1.844.539 

Otay Mesa 6,400.738 4,303,835 2,096,903 

San Diego 29,039 8.712 20.327 

San Francisco 1,182,626 572,096 610,530 

San Ysidro 34,142.918 17.770.645 16,372,273 

Tecate 3,991,864 2,829,949 1,161.915 

Colorado 68,632 9,883 58.749 

Denver 68,632 9,883 58,749 

Connecticut 12,367 6,948 5,419 

Hartford 12,367 6,948 5,419 

Washington, DC 485,453 245.761 239,692 

Florida 5,782,777 2,548.025 3,234,752 

Jacksonville 17,130 13,247 3,883 

Key West 17,139 6,487 10,652 

Miami 4,592,651 2,045,023 2,547.628 

Orlando 111,339 89.964 21.375 

Port Everglades 482,603 181,414 301,189 

Tampa 185.131 99.165 85.966 

West Palm Beach 376.784 112,725 264.059 

Idaho 529,078 337,578 191,500 

Eastport 237,689 162.751 74.938 

Porthill 291.389 174.827 116,562 

Illinois 1,181.522 371.610 809,912 

Chicago 1,181,522 371,610 809,912 

Indiana 18,440 431 18,009 

Indianapolis 18,440 431 18,009 

Maine 15,857.157 10.011,486 5,845,671 

Bangor 162.047 65.705 96,342 

Bridgewater 477,697 326,340 151,357 

Calais 5,498,947 3,441,077 2,057,870 

Coburn Gore 133,237 98.793 34.444 

Fort Fairfield 781,009 521,749 259,260 

Fori Kent 837,098 479,610 357.488 

Hamlin 480.534 395.870 84.664 

Houlton 2.259,067 1,414,416 844,651 

Jackman 423.503 303.247 120,256 

Limestone 172.568 87,848 84,720 

Lubec 650,631 377,900 272,731 

Madawaska 2,652,117 1,646,634 1.005.483 



Portland 107.400 35,219 72.181 

Van Buren 845,034 574,749 270,285 

Vanceboro 376.268 242,329 133.939 

Massachusetts 692.122 318.816 373,306 

Boston 692.122 318.816 373,306 

Michigan 23,803,465 11.991.071 11.812.394 

Algonac 152.473 107.034 45.439 

Detroit 15.831,314 7.762.948 8.068.366 

Marine City 204,718 97,856 106,862 

Port Huron 4,421,784 2.108.702 2.313.082 

Sault Ste. Marie 3,193.176 1,914,531 1,278,645 

Minnesota 3.080.084 1,558.064 1,522,020 

Baudette 192,806 130.130 62,676 

Duluth 5.385 3.206 2,179 

Grand Portage 366,451 137,277 229,174 

International Falls 1.271.004 577.752 693.252 

Lancaster 67.422 41.772 25.650 

Noyes 738.946 443.662 295,284 

Pine Creek 20.692 10.896 9.796 

Roseau 68.468 37,491 30,977 

St. Paul 140,837 39,839 100,998 

Warroad 208,073 136,039 72,034 

Missouri 96,074 22,160 73,914 

St. Louis 96,074 22,160 73,914 

Montana 1,395,042 839,727 555,315 

Del Bonita 40,101 26,572 13,529 

Morgan 19,561 14,703 4,858 

Opheim 10,486 7,389 3,097 

Piegan 396,565 223,552 173.013 

Raymond 91.147 53.680 37.467 

Roosville 267.612 146.165 121.447 

Scobey 24,906 16,518 8,388 

S»/eetgrass 477,054 308,726 168.328 

Turner 23.152 13.646 9.506 

Whitetail 11.405 9.935 1.470 

Wildhorse 26.274 13.687 12.587 

Willow Creek 6.779 5,154 1,625 

Nebraska 1.167 379 788 

Omaha 1.167 379 788 

Nevada 16.706 16.187 519 

Las Vegas 6.823 6.549 274 

Reno 9.883 9.638 245 

New Hampshire 24.744 11.651 13,093 

Pittsburg 24.744 11.651 13,093 

New Mexico 297 40 257 

Albuquerque 297 40 257 

New York 35,121,465 19,534,553 15,586.912 

Albany 7.753 4,208 3,545 

Champlain 2,613,542 1,934,752 678,790 

Chateaugay 183,108 123,888 59,220 

Fort Covington 372,339 170,903 201.436 

Lewiston 699.353 388.545 310.808 

Massena 2,137.226 1.323.119 814.107 

Mooers 212.438 127.214 85.224 

New York 7,701.999 3,979,810 3,722,189 

Niagara Falls 8,536,633 5,084,934 3,451,699 

Ogdensburg 575,277 293,249 282,028 

Peace Bridge 8,846,457 4,069,948 4,776,509 

Rouses Point 544,207 405,481 138.726 



See footnotes at end of table. 



116 



TABLE 68. PRIMARY INSPECTIONS OF TOTAL ESTIMATED ALIENS 

AND CITIZENS ADMITTED BY STATE AND PORT OF ENTRY 

FISCAL YEAR 1986— Continued 



State and port 


Total 


Aliens 


Citizens 


State and port 


Total 


Aliens 


Citizens 


Thousand Islands 


2,363,912 


1 ,402,482 


961,430 


Beebe Plains 


181,891 


124,736 


57,155 


Trout Rtver 


327,221 


226,020 


101,201 


Beecher Falls 


118,561 


82,886 


35,675 










Canaan 


102,987 


66,430 


36,557 


North Carolina 


9,528 


7,714 


1,814 


Derby Line 


1,296,782 


807,095 


489,687 


Charlotte 


270 


7 


263 


East Richford 


37,703 


30^202 


7!501 


Wilmington 


9.258 


7,707 


1,551 


Highgate Springs 


1 ,078.866 


608,610 


470,256 








North Troy 


229.534 


193,929 


35,605 


North Dakota 


943,656 


591,778 


351,878 


Norton 


288.942 


232,579 


56,363 


Ambrose 


11.618 


7,692 


3,926 


Pinnacle Road 


46,698 


38,321 


8,377 


Antler 


29!395 


20,917 


8,478 


Richford 


199,538 


152!720 


46!818 


Carbury 
Dunseith 


24,229 


17,882 


6,347 


West Berkshire 


97,047 


73,071 


23,976 


124,391 


36,418 


87,973 










Fortuna 


31,784 


19,352 


12,432 


Virginia 


71,474 


26,049 


45,425 


Hannah 


14,736 


12,272 


2,464 


Norfolk 


71,474 


26,049 


45,425 


Hansboro 


19,554 


1 1 ,398 


8,156 










Maida 


44,723 


33,877 


10,846 


Washington 


19,430,934 


11,484,387 


7,946,547 


Neche 


138,733 


101,823 


36,910 


Bellingham 


14,271 


6,094 


8,177 


Noonan 


112,026 


84,598 


27,428 


Blaine 


10,092,661 


4,592,483 


5,500,178 


Northgate 


37,683 


24,716 


12,967 


Boundary 


56,679 


42,753 


13,926 


Portal 


144,047 


80,383 


63,664 


Danville 


95,310 


56,367 


38,943 


Saries 


20,441 


12,139 


8,302 


Friday Harbor 


21,043 


15,039 


6,004 


Shenwood 


45,766 


35,899 


9,867 


Frontier 


113,076 


71,184 


41,892 


St. John 


42,418 


23,203 


19,215 


Laurier 


109.738 


51,293 


58,445 


Walhalla 


75,786 


52,477 


23,309 


Longview 


6.894 


6,832 


62 


Westhope 


26,326 


16,732 


9,594 


Lynden 


1 ,389,882 


975,921 


413,961 










f^etaline Falls 


59,624 


29,328 


30,296 


Ohio 


69,060 


37,275 


31,785 


Oroville 


804,331 


498,348 


305,983 


Cincinnati 


3,511 


53 


3,458 


Point Roberts 


2,828,463 


2,262,309 


566,154 


Cleveland 


38,385 


24,953 


13,432 


Port Angeles 


27,332 


12,017 


15,315 


Sandusky 


17,997 


5,395 


12,602 


Seattle 


644,570 


249,866 


394,704 


Toledo 


9,167 


6,874 


2,293 


Spokane 


2,975 


1,171 


1,804 










Sumas 


3,145,082 


2,598,393 


546,689 


Oregon 


25,151 


20,339 


4,812 


Tacoma 


19,003 


14,989 


4,014 


Portland 


25,151 


20,339 


4,812 


















Wisconsin 


14,147 


2,879 


1 1 ,268 


Pennsylvania 


442,868 


101,786 


341,082 


fvlilwaukee 


14,147 


2,879 


11,268 


Pittsburgh 


40,679 


16,683 


23,996 










Philadelphia 


402,189 


85,103 


317,086 


Canada 


6,017,882 


3,951,947 


2,065,935 










Calgary, Alberta 


358,259 


277,121 


81,138 


Texas 


104,463,296 


63,331,415 


41,131,881 


Edmonton, Alberta 


190,311 


137,716 


52,595 


Amistad Dam 


87,190 


30,517 


56,673 


Montreal, Quebec 


1,131,468 


738,141 


393,327 


Brownsville 


14,179,733 


9,240,419 


4,939,314 


Toronto, Ontario 


2,519,605 


1,911,939 


607,666 


Columbus 


938,114 


494,577 


443,537 


Vancouver, B.C 


1,081,614 


682,863 


398,751 


Corpus Chnsti 


12,769 


12.089 


680 


Victona, B.C 


565,470 


98,744 


466,726 


Dallas 


766,599 


172,105 


594,494 


Winnipeg, Manitoba 


171,155 


105,423 


65,732 


Del Rio 


3,113,663 


1,091,602 


2,022,061 










Eagle Pass 


5,450,207 


3,717,335 


1,732,872 


Other 


8,043,305 


3,613,615 


4,429,690 


El Paso 


32,842,994 


18,932,339 


13,910,655 










Fabens 


1,014,245 


634,548 


379,697 










Falcon Heights 


259,882 


73,711 


186,171 










Galveston 


25,240 


17,005 


8,235 










Hidalgo 


13,440,088 


8,614,090 


4,825,998 










Houston 


875,345 


348,814 


526,531 










Juarez-Lincoln Bridge 


8,928,471 


6,081,804 


2,846,667 










Laiedo 


11,752,405 


8,361,099 


3,391,306 










Los Ebanos 


205,333 


152,329 


53,004 










Port Arthur 


11,632 


9,581 


2,051 










Presidio 


888,857 


564,607 


324,250 










Progresso 


3,647,177 


1,759,525 


1,887,652 










Rio Grande City 


1,556,846 


1,152,146 


404,700 










Roma 


4,390,290 


1,825,218 


2,565,072 










San Antonio 


76,216 


45,955 


30,261 










Utah 


1,721 


562 


1,159 










Salt Lake City 


1,721 


562 


1,159 










Vermont 


3,905,626 


2,605,547 


1,300,079 










Alburg Spnngs 


85,643 


75,348 


10,295 










Alburg 


141,434 


119,620 


21,814 











NOTE: Includes all persons admitted in primary inspection by the Immigration and Naturalization Service except aliens in transit without a visa. 
Figures partially estimated. See Glossary for definition of TWOVs and fiscal years. Table ENT 1 in the 1985 Yearbook included only border crossers. 



115 



TABLE 69. PROSECUTIONS, FINES, AND IMPRISONMENT FOR IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY VIOLATIONS 

FISCAL YEARS 1980-86 



Action taken 



Prosecutions: 
Total disposed of 

Convictions 

Acquittals 

Dismissals ' 

Total pending end of year 

Prosecutions for immigration violations: 
Disposed of 

Convictions 

Acquittals 

Dismissals ' 
Pending end of year 
Prosecution for nationality violations: 
Disposed of 

Convictions 

Acquittals 

Dismissals ' 
Pending end of year 

Aggregate fines and imprisonment: 
Fines (dollars) 

Immigration violations 

Nationality violations 

Imprisonment (years) 

Immigration violations 

Nationality violations 



14,863 

12,935 



1.882 
2,817 



14,498 

12,678 



1,778 
2,698 



365 

257 



104 
119 



821,579 

806,029 
15,550 

6,361 

6,167 
194 



16,005 

12,771 

39 

3,195 

3,259 

15,602 

12,509 

36 

3,057 

3,129 

403 

262 

3 
138 
130 



672,746 

667,756 
4,990 

5,605 

5,441 
164 



14,138 

10,320 

51 

3,767 

3,230 

13,712 

10,058 

48 

3,606 

3,025 

426 

262 
3 



877,753 

834,953 
42,800 

4,892 

4,622 
270 



16,493 

11,233 

58 

5,202 

4,764 

15,848 

10.947 

56 

4,845 

4,478 

645 

286 

2 

357 

286 



503,716 

486.630 
17.086 

5,451 

5,250 
201 



17,980 

10,546 

64 

7,370 

4,103 

16,989 

10,237 

64 

6,688 

3,909 

991 

309 

682 
194 



785,689 

767,764 
17,925 

5,701 

5,496 
205 



17,688 

9,833 



7,767 
3,477 



16,976 

9,635 



7,259 
3,264 



712 

198 



508 
213 



929,926 

903,141 
26,785 

5,261 

5.093 
168 



' Dismissed or ottierwise closed. 

- Represents zero. NA Not available. 



TABLE 70. CONVICTIONS FOR IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY VIOLATIONS 
FISCAL YEARS 1980-86 



All violations 

Immigration violations 

Entry of aliens illegally 

Reentries of deported aliens 

Bringing in, transporting, tiarboring, and inducing 

illegal entry of aliens 

Fraud, misuse of visas, entry permits, and otfier entry 

documents 

Fraud and false statements or entries 

Alien registration or alien address violations 

Alien crewmen v^tio overstayed 

Stowaways on vessels or aircraft 

Perjury 

Importation of aliens for immoral purposes 

All otfier violations 

Nationality violations 

False representation as citizens of ttie United States . 
False statements and procurement of citizenstiip or 

naturalization unlawfully 

Reproduction of citizensfiip and naturalization papers 
Sale of naturalization or citizenship papers 



12,678 

10,067 
577 



257 

177 



12,771 

12,509 

10,022 
351 



262 

194 



10,320 

10,058 

7,878 
341 



262 

179 



10,947 

8.060 
543 



286 

185 



10,237 

6,695 
634 



124 
80 



309 

228 



9,635 

6,633 
517 



198 

163 



- Represents zero. 



118 



WRITS OF HABEAS CORPUS, JUDICIAL REVIEW OF ORDERS OF DEPORTATION, AND DECLARATORY 
JUDGEMENTS IN EXCLUSION AND DEPORTATION CASES 
FISCAL YEARS 1980-86 



Action taken 



Writs of habeas corpus: 



Total disposed of 

Favorable to U.S. government 
Unfavorable to U.S. government 
Withdrawn or otherwise closed 
Total pending end of year ... 



Judicial review of orders of deportation (Sec. 106 INA): 



Total disposed of 

Favorable to U.S. government .. 

Unfavorable to U.S. government 

Withdrawn or othenwise closed . 

Total pending end of year 



Declaratory judgements: 

Total disposed of 

Favorable to U.S. government 

Unfavorable to U.S. government .... 
Withdrawn or otherwise closed 

Involving 8 U.S.C. 1503 

Favorable to U.S. government 

Unfavorable to U.S. government .... 
Withdrawn or otherwise closed 

Involving exclusion or deportation 

Favorable to U.S. government 

Unfavorable to U.S. government .... 
Withdrawn or otherwise closed 



336 

267 



174 

143 



318 

197 



77 
605 



198 

155 
5 



164 

135 



118 

73 



25 
102 



533 

358 



102 
507 



237 

200 
10 



236 

199 



164 

130 



204 

152 



341 

126 



385 

181 
45 
159 
738 



370 

316 



353 

301 



494 

325 
28 
141 
935 



646 

318 
38 
290 



32 
216 

387 

307 
6 



389 

266 



113 
965 



744 

237 
143 
364 



575 

228 

13 
334 



1,297 

160 



1,123 
726 



377 

257 



174 

90 
28 



149 

86 
20 



Represents zero. 



119 



GLOSSARY 



Glossary 



Acquired Citizenship— Citizenship conferred at birth 
on a child born abroad to a U.S. citizen parent(s). Data 
for a fiscal year cover the number of certificates of 
citizenship issued during the year, regardless of when 
citizenship was acquired. The data are not necessarily 
a complete accounting of individuals who have acquired 
citizenship, since only those individuals who acquired 
citizenship and subsequently requested and were 
issued certificates of citizenship from the Immigration 
and Naturalization Service are included in the data. 

Adjustment to Immigrant Status— Procedure allow- 
ing certain aliens already in the United States to apply 
for immigrant status. Aliens admitted to the United 
States in a nonimmigrant or other capacity may have 
their status changed to that of lawful permanent resi- 
dent if they are eligible to receive immigrant visas as 
a permanent resident and an immigrant visa is im- 
mediately available. In such cases, the alien is counted 
as an immigrant as of the date of adjustment, even 
though the alien may have been in the United States 
for an extended period of time. 

Alien — Any person not a citizen or national of the United 
States. 

Alien Address Report Program— A now-defunct an- 
nual registration program for aliens. Until Public Law 
97-116 (Act of 12/29/81) eliminated the stipulation, all 
aliens in the United States were required to register with 
the Immigration and Naturalization Service each 
January. Nationality and state of residence data were 
compiled annually on the alien population reporting 
under the program. The last year for which data are 
available is 1980. 

Amerasian Act— Public Law 97-359 (Act of 10/22/82) 
provides for the immigration to the United States of cer- 
tain Amerasian children. In order to qualify for benefits 
under this law, an alien must have been born in Cam- 
bodia, Korea, Laos, Thailand, or Vietnam after 
December 31, 1950 and before October 22, 1982, and 
have been fathered by a U.S. citizen. 

Apprehension— The arrest of a deportable alien by the 
Immigration and Naturalization Service. Each ap- 
prehension of the same alien in a fiscal year is counted 
separately. 

Area Control— Enforcement operations conducted by 
the Immigration and Naturalization Service's Investiga- 
tions Division to locate and apprehend aliens illegally 
in the United States. Area Control surveys focus on 
places of employment where illegal aliens are 
concentrated. 

Asylee — An alien in the United States or at a port of 
entry unable or unwilling to return to his or her country 
of nationality, or to seek the protection of that country 
because of persecution or a well-founded fear of 



persecution. Persecution or the fear thereof may be 
based on the alien's race, religion, nationality, member- 
ship in a particular social group, or political opinion. For 
persons with no nationality, the country of nationality 
is considered to be the country in which the alien last 
habitually resided. Asylees are eligible to adjust to lawful 
permanent resident status after one year of continuous 
presence in the United States. These immigrants are 
exempt from the worldwide numerical limitation of 
270,000; however, the Immigration and Nationality Act 
stipulates that only 5,000 asylees can adjust per fiscal 
year 

Beneficiaries— Those aliens who receive immigration 
benefits from petitions filed with the U.S. Immigration 
and Naturalization Service. Beneficiaries generally 
derive privilege or status as a result of their relation- 
ship (including that of employer-employee) to a U.S. 
citizen or lawful permanent resident. 

Border Crosser — An alien or citizen resident of the 
United States reentering the country after an absence 
of less than six months in Canada or Mexico, or a 
nonresident alien entering the United States across the 
Canadian border for stays of no more than six months 
or across the Mexican border for stays of no more than 
seventy-two hours, or a U.S. citizen residing in Canada 
or Mexico who enters the United States frequently for 
business or pleasure, or an individual entering the 
United States on any flight originating in Canada or 
Mexico. 

Border Patrol Sector — Any one of twenty geographic 
areas into which the United States is divided for the Im- 
migration and Naturalization Service's Border Patrol ac- 
tivities. Of the twenty sectors, all but one are located 
along the northern and southern borders of the United 
States. 

Business Nonimmigrant — An alien coming temporarily 
to the United States to engage in commercial transac- 
tions which do not involve gainful employment in the 
United States, i.e., engaged in international commerce 
on behalf of a foreign firm, not employed in the U.S. 
labor market, and receives no salary from U.S. sources. 

Certificate of Citizenship — Identity document proving 
U.S. citizenship. Certificates of citizenship are issued 
to derivative citizens and to persons who acquired U.S. 
citizenship (see definitions for Acquired and Derivative 
Citizenship). 

Child — An unmarried person under 21 years of age who 
is: a legitimate child; a stepchild provided that the child 
was under 18 years of age at the time that the marriage 
creating the stepchild status occurred; a legitimated 
child provided that the child was legitimate while in the 
legal custody of the legitimating parent; an illegitimate 
child (has only one possible parent, the mother); a child 
adopted while under 16 years of age who has resided 



122 



since adoption in the legal custody of the adopting 
parents for at least 2 years; or an orphan, under 16 years 
of age, who has been adopted abroad by a U.S. citizen 
or has an immediate-relative visa petition submitted in 
his or her behalf and is coming to the United States for 
adoption by a U.S. citizen. 

Country of Former Allegiance— The previous country 
of citizenship of a naturalized U.S. citizen or of a per- 
son who derived U.S. citizenship. 

Country of Last Residence— The country in which the 
alien habitually resided prior to entering the United 
States. 

Crewman — A foreign national serving in any capacity 
on board a vessel or aircraft. Crewmen are admitted 
for twenty-nine days, with no extensions. Crewmen re- 
quired to depart on the same vessel on which they 
arrived are classified as D-ls. Crewmen who depart on 
a vessel different than the one on which they arrived 
are classified as D-2s. Although these aliens are 
technically nonimmigrants, crewmen are not included 
in nonimmigrant admission data. 

Crewman Technical (or Nonwillful) Violator— Any 

crewman who through no fault of his or her own remains 
in the United States more than 29 days (e.g., a crewman 
hospitalized beyond the 29-day admission period). 

Cuban/Haitian Entrant— Status accorded 1) Cubans 
who entered the United States illegally between April 
15, 1980 and October 10, 1980, and 2) Haitians who 
entered the country illegally before January 1, 1981. 

Deferred Inspection— See Parolee. 

Departure Under Safeguards— The departure of an il- 
legal alien whose departure from the United States is 
physically observed by an Immigration and Naturaliza- 
tion Service official. 

Dependent— A spouse, an unmarried dependent child 
under 21 years of age, an unmarried dependent child 
under 25 years of age who is in full-time attendance 
at a postsecondary educational institution, or an unmar- 
ried child who is physically or mentally disabled. 

Deportable Alien — An alien in the United States sub- 
ject to any of the nineteen grounds of deportation 
specified in the Immigration and Nationality Act. This 
includes any alien illegally in the United States, 
regardless of whether the alien entered the country il- 
legally or entered legally but subsequently violated the 
terms of his or her visa. 

Deportation— The formal removal of an alien from the 
United States when the presence of that alien is 
deemed inconsistent with the public welfare. Deporta- 
tion is ordered by an immigration judge without any 
punishment being imposed or contemplated. Data for 
a fiscal year cover the deportations verified during that 



fiscal year Airlines, ship companies, or port officials pro- 
vide the Immigration and Naturalization Service with the 
departure data on aliens who are deported. 

Derivative Citizenship— Citizenship conveyed to 
children through the naturalization of parents or, under 
certain circumstances, to spouses of citizens at or dur- 
ing marriage. Data for a fiscal year cover the number 
of certificates of U.S. citizenship issued during the year, 
regardless of when citizenship was derived. The data 
are not necessarily a complete accounting of individuals 
who have derived citizenship since only those in- 
dividuals who derived citizenship, requested, and were 
issued a certificate of citizenship from the Immigration 
and Naturalization Service are covered by the data. 

District — Any one of thirty-three geographic areas into 
which the United States and its territories are divided 
for the Immigration and Naturalization Service's field 
operations or one of three overseas offices located in 
Rome, Bangkok, or Mexico City. Operations are super- 
vised by a district director located at a district office 
within the district's geographic boundaries. 

Exchange Visitor— An alien coming temporarily to the 
United States as a participant in a program approved 
by the Secretary of State for the purpose of teaching, 
instructing or lecturing, studying, observing, conduct- 
ing research, consulting, demonstrating special skills, 
or receiving training. 

Exclusion— The formal denial of an alien's entry into 
the United States. The exclusion of the alien is made 
by an immigration judge after an exclusion heahng. 
Data for a fiscal year cover the exclusions verified dur- 
ing that fiscal year Airlines, ship companies, or port of- 
ficials provide the Immigration and Naturalization Ser- 
vice with the departure data on aliens who are excluded. 

Exempt From Numerical Limitations— Those aliens 
accorded lawful permanent resident status who are ex- 
empt from the provisions of the preference system set 
forth in immigration law. Exempt categories include im- 
mediate relatives of U.S. citizens, refugees, special im- 
migrants, and certain other groups of immigrants. 

Fiance(ee) of U.S. Citizen— A nonimmigrant alien com- 
ing to the United States to conclude a valid marriage 
with a U.S. citizen within ninety days after entry. 

Files Control Office— An Immigration and Naturaliza- 
tion Service field office— either a district (including INS 
overseas offices) or a suboffice of that district — where 
alien case files are maintained and controlled. 

Fiscal Year— Currently, the twelve-month period begin- 
ning October 1 and ending September 30. Historically, 
until 1831 and from 1843-49, the twelve-month period 
ending September 30 of the respective year; from 
1832-42 and 1850-67, ending December 31 of the 
respective year; from 1868-1976, ending June 30 of the 
respective year. The transition quarter (TO) for 1976 
covers the three-month period, July-September 1976. 



123 



Foreign Government Official— As a nonimmigrant 
class of admission, an alien coming temporarily to the 
United States who has been accredited by a foreign 
government to function as an ambassador, public 
minister, career diplomatic or consular officer, other ac- 
credited official, or an attendant, servant or personal 
employee of an accredited official, and all above aliens' 
spouses and unmarried minor (or dependent) children. 

Foreign Information Media Representative— As a 

nonimmigrant class of admission, an alien coming tem- 
porarily to the United States as a bona fide represen- 
tative of foreign press, radio, film, or other foreign in- 
formation media and the alien's spouse and unmarried 
minor (or dependent) children. 

Foreign Medical School Graduate — An immigrant who 
has graduated from a medical school or has qualified 
to practice medicine in a foreign state, who was licensed 
and practicing medicine on January 9, 1978, and who 
entered the United States as a nonimmigrant on a tem- 
porary worker or exchange visitor visa before January 
10, 1978. The alien must meet the requirements set forth 
in Public Law 97-116 (Act of 12/29/81) in order to qualify 
for this immigrant classification. These immigrants and 
their spouses and children are exempt from the 
worldwide numerical limitation of 270,000. However, if 
the sum of these immigrant classes plus the investor 
immigrant classes plus the numerically restricted 
classes exceeds the limitations (for a dependency, an 
independent country, or worldwide) in any fiscal year, 
the respective limitation of that area is reduced by that 
excess for the following year. 

Foreign State of Chargeability— The independent 
country to which an immigrant entering under the 
preference system is accredited. No more than 20,000 
immigrant visas may be issued to natives of indepen- 
dent countries in a fiscal year. Dependencies of in- 
dependent countries cannot exceed 600 of the 20,000 
limit. Since these limits are based on visa issuance 
rather than entries into the United States, there is not 
total correspondence between these two occurrences, 
since immigrant visas are valid for four months. 
Chargeability is usually determined by country of birth. 
Exceptions are made to prevent the separation of family 
members when the limitation for the country of birth has 
been met. 

General Naturalization Provisions— The basic re- 
quirements for naturalization that every applicant must 
meet, unless a member of a special class. General pro- 
visions require an applicant to be at least eighteen years 
of age, a lawful permanent resident with five years of 
continuous residence in the United States, and to have 
been physically present in the country for at least half 
of that period. 

Geographic Area of Chargeability— Any one of five 
regions— Africa, East Asia, Latin America and the Carib- 
bean, Near East and South Asia, and the U.S.S.R. and 
Eastern Europe — into which the world is divided for the 



124 



initial admission of refugees to the United States. An- 
nual consultations between the Executive Branch and 
the Congress determine the ceiling on the number of 
refugees that can be admitted to the United States from 
each area. 

Hemispheric Ceilings — Statutory limits on immigration 
to the United States in effect from July 1968 to October 
1978. Mandated by the Immigration and Nationality Act 
Amendments of 1965, the ceiling on immigration from 
the Eastern Hemisphere was set at 170,000, with a per- 
country limit of 20,000. Immigration from the Western 
Hemisphere was held to 120,000, without a per-country 
limit until January 1, 1977. The Western Hemisphere 
was then subject to a 20,000 per-country limit. Effec- 
tive October 1978, the separate hemisphere limits were 
abolished in favor of a worldwide limit of 290,000. This 
limit was lowered to 280,000 for fiscal year 1980, and 
to 270,000 for fiscal year 1981 and subsequent years, 
because refugees were no longer subject to these 
limitations based on the Refugee Act of 1980. 

Immediate Relatives — Certain immigrants who, 
because of their close relationship to U.S. citizens, are 
exempt from the numerical limitations imposed on im- 
migration to the United States. Immediate relatives 
are: spouses of citizens, children (under 21 years of 
age) of citizens, parents of citizens 21 years of age or 
older, and orphans adopted by U.S. citizens who are 
at least 21 years of age. 

Immigrant — An alien admitted to the United States as 
a lawful permanent resident. Immigrants are those per- 
sons lawfully accorded the privilege of residing per- 
manently in the United States. They may be issued im- 
migrant visas by the Department of State overseas or 
adjusted to permanent resident status by the Immigra- 
tion and Naturalization Service in the United States. 

Indefinite Parolee — See Parolee. 

International Representative — As a nonimmigrant 
class of admission, an alien coming temporarily to the 
United States as a principal or other accredited 
representative of a foreign government (whether official- 
ly recognized or not by the United States) to an inter- 
national organization, an international organization of- 
ficer or employee, and all above aliens' spouses and 
unmarried minor (or dependent) children. 

Intracompany Transferee — An alien, employed by an 
international firm or corporation, who seeks to enter the 
United States temporarily in order to continue to work 
for the same employer, or a subsidiary or affiliate, in a 
capacity that is primarily managerial, executive, or in- 
volves specialized knowledge. 

Investor— An immigrant who is present in the United 
States and who, on or before June 1, 1978, qualified as 
a nonpreference immigrant because the alien had in- 
vested capital (before June 1, 1978) in a business in the 
United States in which the alien was one of the prin- 
cipal managers, and had applied for adjustment to 



lawful permanent resident status. These immigrants and 
their spouses and children are exempt from the 
worldwide numerical limitation of 270,000. However, if 
the sum of these immigrant classes plus the foreign 
medical graduate classes plus the numerically 
restricted classes exceeds the limitations (for a 
dependency, an independent country, or worldwide) in 
any fiscal year, the respective limitation of the area is 
reduced by that excess for the following year. As a 
nonimmigrant class of admission, see Treaty Trader or 
Investor 

Labor Certification — Requirement falling on 1) those 
persons whose immigration to the United States is 
based on job skills (third, sixth, and nonpreference im- 
migrant categories), and 2) nonimmigrant temporary 
workers (H-2s) coming to perform services unavailable 
in the United States. Labor certification is awarded by 
the Secretary of Labor when there are insufficient 
numbers of U.S. workers available to undertake the 
employment sought by an applicant and when the 
alien's employment will not have an adverse affect on 
the wages and working conditions of U.S. workers 
similarly employed. Determination of U.S. labor 
availability is made at the time of a visa application and 
at the location where the applicant wishes to work. 

Median Age— The age which divides the population into 
two equal-sized groups, one younger and one older 
than the median. 

IVIedical and Legal Parolee — See Parolee. 

Nationality— The country of a person's citizenship. For 
nonimmigrant data, citizenship refers to the alien's 
claimed country of citizenship. 

NATO Official — As a nonimmigrant class of admission, 
an alien coming temporarily to the United States as a 
member of the armed forces or as a civilian employed 
by the armed forces on assignment with a foreign 
government signatory to NATO (North Atlantic Treaty 
Organization), and the alien's spouse and unmarried 
minor (or dependent) children. 

Naturalization— The conferring, by any means, of 
citizenship upon a person after birth. 

Naturalization Court— Any court authorized to award 
U.S. citizenship. Jurisdiction for naturalization has been 
conferred upon the following courts: U.S. District Courts 
of all states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico; 
the District Courts of Guam and the Virgin Islands; and 
state courts. Generally, naturalization courts are 
authorized to award citizenship only to those persons 
who reside within their territorial jurisdiction. 

Naturalization Petition— The form used by a lawful per- 
manent resident to apply for U.S. citizenship. The peti- 
tion is filed with a naturalization court through the Im- 
migration and Naturalization Service. 



New Arrival— A lawful permanent resident alien who 
enters the United States at a port of entry. The alien 
is generally required to present an immigrant visa 
issued outside the United States by a consular officer 
of the Department of State. Three classes of immigrants, 
however, need not have an immigrant visa to enter the 
U.S.— children born abroad to lawful permanent resident 
aliens, children born subsequent to the issuance of an 
immigrant visa to accompanying parents, and American 
Indians born in Canada. 

Nonimmigrant — An alien who seeks temporary entry 
to the United States for a specific purpose. The alien 
must have a permanent residence abroad and qualify 
for the nonimmigrant classification sought. The nonim- 
migrant classifications are: foreign government of- 
ficials, visitors for business and for pleasure, aliens in 
transit through the United States, treaty traders and in- 
vestors, students, international representatives, tem- 
porary workers and trainees, representatives of foreign 
information media, exchange visitors, fiances(ees) of 
U.S. citizens, intracompany transferees, and NATO of- 
ficials. Most nonimmigrant classes can be accompanied 
or joined by spouses and unmarried minor (or depen- 
dent) children. Although refugees, parolees, 
withdrawals, and stowaways are considered nonim- 
migrants upon arrival to the United States, these 
classes as well as crewmen, are not included in nonim- 
migrant admission data. See other sections of Glossary 
for detailed descriptions of classes of nonimmigrant 
admission. 

Nonpreference Category— Nonpreference visas are 
available to any qualified applicant not entitled to one 
under the other preferences. Nonpreference numbers 
have been unavailable since September 1978 because 
of high demand in preference categories. 

Occupation— For an alien entering the United States 
or adjusting without a labor certification, occupation 
refers to the employment held in the country of last or 
legal residence or the United States. For an alien with 
a labor certification, occupation is the employment for 
which certification has been issued. Labor certification 
would be issued to third, sixth, and nonpreference im- 
migrants or to nonimmigrant temporary workers (H-2s) 
performing services unavailable in the United States. 

Occupational Preferences— The third and sixth 
categories of the immigrant preference system. Third 
preference allows for the admission of members of the 
professions, and scientists or artists of exceptional abili- 
ty. Sixth preference covers skilled or unskilled occupa- 
tions for which labor is in short supply in the United 
States. 

Orphan — For immigration purposes, a child whose 
parents have died or disappeared, or who has been 
abandoned or otherwise separated from both parents. 
An orphan may also be a child whose sole surviving 
parent is incapable of providing that child with proper 



125 



care and who has, in writing, irrevocably released the 
child for emigration and adoption. In order to qualify as 
an imnnediate relative, the orphan must be under the 
age of sixteen at the time a petition is filed on his or 
her behalf. To enter the United States, an orphan must 
have been adopted abroad by a U.S. citizen or be com- 
ing to the United States for adoption by a citizen. 

Panama Canal Act Immigrants— Three categories of 
special immigrants established by Public Law 96-70 
(Act of 9/27/79): 1) certain former employees of the 
Panama Canal Company or Canal Zone Government, 
their spouses and children; 2) certain former 
employees of the U.S. government in the Panama Canal 
Zone, their spouses and children; and 3) certain former 
employees of the Panama Canal Company or Canal 
Zone Government on April 1, 1979, their spouses and 
children. The Act provides for admission of a maximum 
of 15,000 immigrants, at a rate of no more than 5,000 
a year They are not, however, subject to the worldwide 
limitation. 

Parolee— An alien, appearing to be inadmissible to the 
inspecting officer, allowed to enter the United States 
under emergency (humanitarian) conditions or when 
that alien's entry is determined to be in the public in- 
terest. Parole does not constitute a formal admission 
to the United States and confers temporary admission 
status only, requiring parolees to leave when the con- 
ditions supporting their parole cease to exist. Although 
these aliens are technically considered nonimmigrants 
upon arrival, parolees are not included in nonimmigrant 
admission data. Definitions of parolees include: 

1) Indefinite parolee — Parole is usually set for a 
specified period of time according to the condi- 
tions of parole. In some cases, as conditions war- 
rant, the period of parole is specified as indefinite. 

2) Deferred inspection— Parole may be granted to 
an alien who appears not to be clearly admissi- 
ble to the inspecting officer An appointment will 
be made for the alien's appearance at another 
Service office where more information is available 
and the inspection can be completed. 

3) Medical and legal parolee — Parole may be 
granted to an alien who has a serious medical 
condition which would make detention or return 
inappropriate or who is to serve as a witness in 
legal proceedings or is subject to prosecution in 
the United States. 

Per-Country Limit— The maximum number of im- 
migrant visas that can be issued to any one country in 
a fiscal year Natives of independent countries can cur- 
rently be issued no more than 20,000 visa numbers and 
natives of their dependencies no more than 600 of that 
total. The per-country limit does not indicate, however, 
that a country will be given 20,000 visa numbers each 
year, just that it cannot receive more than that number 



126 



Because of the combined workings of the preference 
system and per-country limits, most countries do not 
reach this level of visa issuance. 

Port of Entry— Any location in the United States or its 
territories which is designated as a point of entry for 
aliens and U.S. citizens. All district and files control of- 
fices are also considered ports since they become loca- 
tions of entry for aliens adjusting to immigrant status. 

Preinspection — Complete immigration inspection of 
airport passengers before departure from a foreign 
country. No further immigration inspection is required 
upon arrival in the United States other than submission 
of 1-94 forms for nonimmigrant aliens. 

Preference System— The six categories among which 
270,000 immigrant visa numbers are distributed each 
year: unmarried sons and daughters (over 21 years of 
age) of U.S. citizens (20 percent); spouses and unmar- 
ried sons and daughters of aliens lawfully admitted for 
permanent residence (26 percent); members of the pro- 
fessions or persons of exceptional ability in the sciences 
and arts (10 percent); married sons and daughters of 
U.S. citizens (10 percent); brothers and sisters of U.S. 
citizens over 21 years of age (24 percent); and needed 
skilled or unskilled workers (10 percent). A seventh non- 
preference category, historically open to immigrants not 
entitled to a visa number under one of the six 
preferences just listed, has had no numbers available 
since September 1978. 

Principal Alien— The alien from whom another alien 
derives a privilege or status under the immigration law 
or regulations (usually spouses and minor children). 

Refugee — Any person who is outside his or her coun- 
try of nationality who is unable or unwilling to return to 
that country because of persecution or a well-founded 
fear of persecution. Persecution or the fear thereof may 
be based on the alien's race, religion, nationality, 
membership in a particular social group, or political 
opinion. People with no nationality must be outside their 
country of last habitual residence to qualify as a refugee. 
Refugees are exempt from numerical limitation and are 
eligible to adjust to lawful permanent residence after 
one year of continuous presence in the United States. 
Although these aliens are considered nonimmigrants 
when initially admitted to the United States, refugees 
are not included in nonimmigrant admission data. 

Refugee Approvals— The number of refugees approv- 
ed for admission to the United States during a fiscal 
year. Refugee approvals are made by Immigration and 
Naturalization Service officers in overseas offices. 

Refugee Arrivals— The number of refugees the Im- 
migration and Naturalization Service initially admits to 
the United States through ports of entry during a fiscal 
year 



Refugee Authorized Admissions— The maximum 
number of refugees allowed to enter the United States 
in a given fiscal year As set forth in the Refugee Act 
of 1980, Public Law 96-212, the annual figure is deter- 
mined by the President after consultations with 
Congress. 

Refugee Conditional Entrant— An alien who entered 
the United States or who adjusted to lawful permanent 
resident status under the seventh preference category 
of Public Law 89-236 (Act of 10/3/65). Visa numbers 
for conditional entrants were limited to six percent of 
the total numerical limitation. The seventh preference 
was abolished by the Refugee Act of 1980 (PL. 96-212) 
and the six-percent limitation was assigned to the se- 
cond preference. At the same time, the worldwide 
numerical limit for immigrants was reduced from 
290,000 to 270,000 per fiscal year 

Refugee-Parolee— A qualified applicant for conditional 
entry, between February 1970 and April 1980, whose ap- 
plication for admission to the United States could not 
be approved because of inadequate numbers of 
seventh preference visas. As a result, the applicant was 
paroled into the United States under the parole authority 
granted the Attorney General. 

Region— Any one of four areas of the United States in- 
to which the Immigration and Naturalization Service 
divides jurisdiction for administrative purposes — 
Eastern Region, Southern Region, Northern Region, 
and Western Region. 

Relative Preferences— The first, second, fourth, and 
fifth categories of the immigrant preference system. The 
first preference allows the entry of unmarried sons and 
daughters (over 21 years of age) of U.S. citizens. The 
second preference covers spouses and unmarried sons 
and daughters of aliens lawfully admitted for permanent 
residence. The fourth preference allows for the entry 
of married sons and daughters of U.S. citizens. The fifth 
preference includes the brothers and sisters of U.S. 
citizens, provided such citizens are at least 21 years of 
age. 

Required Departure— The directed departure of an 
alien from the United States without an order of depor- 
tation. The departure may be voluntary or involuntary 
on the part of the alien, and may or may not have been 
preceded by a hearing before an immigration judge. 
Data for a fiscal year cover the required departures 
verified in that fiscal year Airlines, ship companies, or 
port officials provide the Immigration and Naturaliza- 
tion Service with the departure data on aliens required 
to depart. Detailed required departure data cover only 
those aliens placed under docket control. The data do 
not include aliens who are required to depart directly 
under safeguards, i.e., those aliens who immediately 
are turned out of the United States. The latter cases 
are counted for workload purposes and are included 
in required departure Tables 54 and 65. 



Silva Immigrants — Immigrants from independent 
Western Hemisphere countries and their spouses and 
children who were issued preference numbers under 
the Silva Program (1977-81). The Silva Program was 
instituted by court order to provide for the recapture of 
144,999 preference visa numbers originally used for 
Cuban refugee adjustments. Silva numbers, although 
subject to an overall numerical limitation, were assigned 
in addition to the annual worldwide limitation. 

Special Immigrants— Certain categories of immigrants 
exempt from numerical limitations on visa issuance: 
persons who lost citizenship by marriage; persons who 
lost citizenship by serving in foreign armed forces; 
ministers of religion, their spouses and children; cer- 
tain employees and former employees of the U.S. 
government abroad, their spouses and children; 
Panama Canal Act immigrants; and certain foreign 
medical school graduates, their spouses and children. 

Special Naturalization Provisions — Provisions cover- 
ing special classes of persons who may be naturalized 
even though they do not meet all the general re- 
quirements for naturalization. Such special provisions 
allow: 1) wives or husbands of U.S. citizens to be 
naturalized in three years instead of the prescribed five 
years; 2) a surviving spouse of a U.S. citizen who 
served in the armed forces to file in any naturalization 
court instead of where he or she resides; and 3) 
children of U.S. citizen parents to be naturalized without 
meeting the literacy or government-knowledge re- 
quirements or taking the oath, if too young to unders- 
tand the meaning. Other classes of persons who may 
qualify for special consideration are former U.S. citizens, 
servicemen, seamen, and employees of organizations 
promoting U.S. interests abroad. 

Stateless — Having no nationality. 

Stowaway— An alien coming to the United States sur- 
reptitiously on an airplane or vessel without legal status 
of admission who, therefore, is subject to denial of for- 
mal admission and return to the point of embarkation 
by the transportation carrier 

Student — As a nonimmigrant class of admission, an 
alien coming temporarily to the United States to pur- 
sue a full course of study in an approved program in 
either an academic (college, university, seminary, con- 
servatory, academic high school, elementary school, 
other institution, or language training program) or a 
vocational or other recognized nonacademic institution. 

Subject to Numerical Limitations— Condition impos- 
ed on all immigration to the United States, except for 
the immediate relatives of U.S. citizens and certain 
special immigrants. The number of aliens accorded 
lawful permanent residence under the provisions of the 
preference system must not exceed 270,000 in any fiscal 
year The preference system provides for the admission 
of relatives of citizens (other than immediate relatives), 
immediate relatives of lawful permanent resident aliens, 
aliens in specified occupations, as well as other 
immigrants. 127 



Suspension of Deportation— A discretionary benefit 
adjusting the alien's status from that of deportable alien 
to one lawfully admitted for permanent residence. Ap- 
plication for suspension of deportation is made during 
the course of a deportation hearing before an immigra- 
tion judge. 

Temporary Worker— Temporary workers consist of 
three categories of nonimmigrant alien workers: aliens 
of distinguished merit and ability coming temporarily 
to the United States to perform services of an excep- 
tional nature; aliens coming to the United States to per- 
form temporary services or labor, if unemployed per- 
sons capable of performing the service cannot be found 
in the United States; and aliens coming temporarily to 
the United States as trainees, other than to receive 
graduate medical education or training. 

Transit Alien — An alien in immediate and continuous 
transit through the United States, with or without a visa, 
including 1) aliens who qualify as persons entitled to 
pass in transit to and from the United Nations Head- 
quarters District and foreign countries, and 2) foreign 
government officials and their spouses and unmarried 
minor (or dependent) children in transit. 

Transition Quarter— The three-month period— July 1 
through September 30, 1976— between fiscal year 1976 
and fiscal year 1977. At that time, the fiscal year defini- 
tion shifted from July 1-June 30 to October 
1-September 30. 

Transit Without Visa (TWOV)— An alien traveling 
without a nonimmigrant visa under section 238 of the 
immigration law. 



Treaty Trader or Investor— As a nonimmigrant class of 
admission, an alien coming temporarily to the United 
States, under the provisions of a treaty of commerce 
and navigation between the United States and the 
foreign state of such alien, to carry on substantial trade 
or to direct the operations of an enterprise in which he 
has invested a substantial amount of capital, and the 
alien's spouse and unmarried (or dependent) children. 

Unmarried Alien— An alien minor, who is not married 
at the time an application is filed. 

Virgin Islands Adjustment Act— Public Law 97-271 
(Act of 9/30/82) providing for the adjustment to lawful 
permanent resident status of certain nonimmigrants 
who entered the Virgin Islands as temporary workers 
or as the spouse or child of such a worker Aliens who 
are eligible to adjust under this act must have resided 
in the Virgin Islands since June 30, 1975. 

Withdrawal — An alien's voluntary removal of an ap- 
plication for admission to the United States in lieu of 
an exclusion hearing before an immigration judge. 
Although these aliens are technically considered nonim- 
migrants when applying for entry, withdrawals are not 
included in the nonimmigrant admission data. 

Worldwide Ceiling — The numerical limit imposed on 
immigrant visa issuance worldwide beginning in fiscal 
year 1979. The current limitation totals 270,000 visa 
numbers. Prior to enactment of Public Law 96-212 on 
March 17, 1980, the worldwide limitation was 290,000. 
The limitation in fiscal year 1980 was 280,000. 



128 



Data Sources 



Data Series 



Form Number and Title 



Immigrants 



New arrivals (Except ciiildren born subsequent to 
issuance of immigrant visa to accompanying alien 
parents; children born to lawful permanent resident 
aliens during temporary visits abroad; and 
American Indians born in Canada) 

Adjustments (And special new arrival cases listed 
above) 



Naturalizations 



Nonimmigrants 

Deportations 

Required Departures 

Exclusions 



Performance Analysis 
Refugees 

Asylees 



OF-155 - (State Dept.) Immigrant Visa and Alien 
Registration 

OF-230 - (State Dept.) Application for Immigrant Visa 
and Alien Registration 



1-181 - Memorandum of Creation of Record of Lawful 
Permanent Residence 

N-400 - Application to File Petition for Naturalization 
N-402 - Application to File Petition for Naturalization 

in Behalf of Child 
N-405 - Petition for Naturalization 

N-480 - Naturalization Petitions Recommended to Be 
Granted 

1-94 - Arrival/Departure Record 

1-154 - Deportation Docket Control Card 

1-154 - Deportation Docket Control Card 

1-161 - Record of Required Departure Authorized 
Prior to OSC Issuance 

1-259 - Notice to Detain, Deport, Remove, or Present 
Aliens 

1-275 - Notice of Withdrawal of Application for Admis- 
sion to the U.S. 
1-295 - Notice of Decision (of Immigration Judge) 

1-296 - Notice to Alien Ordered Excluded by Immi- 
gration Judge 

G-23 - Report of Field Operations 

G-319 - Report of Applicants for Refugee Status 
under Section 207, INA 

G-23.3, Supplement D-lnitial Admissions of 

Refugees 
1-590 - Registration for Classification as Refugee 

G-23.3, Supplement A- Asylum Cases Filed with 
District Directors Pursuant to Section 208, 
INA 

1-589 - Request for Asylum in the United States 



irU.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 



1987 - 195-563 



129 



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