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BOSTON 

PUBUC 

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linration and Naturalization Service 



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1987 

Statistica 

of the Immigration 

and Naturalization Service 





U.S. Department of Justice 

Immigration and Naturalization Service 




1987 Statistical Yearbook of the Immigration 
and Naturalization Service 



KRRATA 



Page 


Description 


68 


All classes, 1987 


74 


All classes, 1986 


74 


Students, 1986 


74 


Academic student (Fl), 1986 


74 


All classes, 1987 


74 


Students, 1987 


74 


Academic student (Fl), 1987 



\ 




\ 






\ ^-^ 


Reads 


Should read 


12,272 


12,273 


10,470,900 


10,471,024 


261,081 


261,205 


255,529 


255,653 


12,272,286 


12,272,866 


261,829 


262,409 


255,782 


256,362 



U.S. Department of Justice 

Immigration and Naturalization Service 



1987 

Statistical Yearbook 

of the Immigration 

and Naturalization Service 




^OSTOW 










Issued October 1988 




IMMIGRATION AND NATURALIZATION SERVICE 



Alan C. Nelson, Commissioner 



October 1988 



Copies of each Statistical Yearbook from 1965 to 1987 (entitled Annual Report prior to 1978) can be purchased 
from the National Technical Information Service (NTIS), 5285 Port Royal Rd., Springfield. VA 22161. Phone: 
(703) 487-4650. The NTIS order number for this report is PB88-231899. 



Library of Congress 

National Serials Data Program 

International Standard Serial Number: 

(ISSN) 0743-538X 



Suggested Citation 

U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service, Statistical Yearbook of the Immigration 
and Naturalization Service, 1987, U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, D.C., 1988 




ApplyNow 



Apply Kulny ;« An Immipmrioii and Nittttrdliiation Scn'Icf Letraliration CMlic 



itk 



The Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986: 
more than two million aliens applied for legalization 



1987 Statistical Yearbook 
of the Immigration and 
Naturalization 
Service 

Contents 



General Information 

Page 

Introduction xiii 

I. Changes in Immigration Law xv 

II. Immigrants xvi 

III. Legalization Applications xxiv 

IV. Refugees xxv 

V. Asylees xxix 

VI. Nonimmigrants xxx 

VII. Naturalizations xxxv 

VIII. Enforcement xxxix 

IX. Entries xiii 

X. Public Use Tapes xliv 

XI. Data Gaps xliv 



Map, Charts, Text Tables 



Map 

Map of tfie United States showing legalization and SAW applications by state of residence: fiscal 
year 1 987 

Charts 

Immigrants admitted, calendar years 1970-79 by region of birth and naturalizations of those immigrants: 
fiscal years 1970-87 

Nonimmigrants admitted as temporary workers, intracompany transferees,and exchange visitors from 
top twenty countries of citizenship: fiscal year 1987 



Charts-Continued 

Page 

Immigrants admitted by region of birth: selected fiscal years 1955-87 xiv 

Nonimmigrants admitted as students and their families for top ten countries of citizenship: fiscal year 

1987 xlv 

Legalization applications by type of application for top fifteen states: fiscal year 1987 xlvi 

A . Immigrants admitted: fiscal years 1900-87 xviii 

B . Immigrants admitted as immediate relatives of U.S. citizens: fiscal years 1977-87 xxii 

C. Percent age and sex distribution of U.S. population and immigrants admitted in fiscal year 

1987 xxiii 

D. Refugee and asylee initial admissions and admissions to lawful permanent resident status: 

fiscal years 1946-87 xxvii 

E . Number and percent of immigrants admitted as refugees for top twenty refugee countries of birth: 

fiscal years 1946-87 xxviii 

F. Nonimmigrants admitted by selected class of admission from top ten countries of citizenship: 

fiscal year 1987 xxxi 

G . Nonimmigrants admitted: fiscal years 1975-87 xxxii 

H. Nonimmigrants admitted by selected class and month of admission: calendar years 1984-87 xxxiv 

I . Persons naturalized by provision of law: fiscal years 1908-87 xxxv 

J. Persons naturalized by decade and selected region of birth: fiscal years 1951-87 xxxvi 

K. Immigrants admitted, calendar years 1970-79 by selected country of birth and naturalizations of 

those immigrants: fiscal years 1970-87 xxxviii 

L. Aliens apprehended: fiscal years 1951-87 xl 

M . Estimated primary inspection admissions: fiscal years 1968-87 xlii 

N . Estimated primary inspection admissions for top twenty ports of entry: fiscal year 1987 xliii 

Text Tables 

A . Worldwide limited immigrants (270,000 annually) xvii 

B . Percent of immigrants admitted by region and period: fiscal years 1955-87 xix 

C . Immigrants admitted from top fifteen countries of birth: fiscal year 1987 xx 

D . Immigrants admitted by major category of admission: fiscal year 1987 xxi 

E. Nonimmigrants admitted from top fifteen countries of last residence in fiscal year 1987, ranked 

by amount of increase since fiscal year 1975 xxxiii 

F. Median years of residence by year of naturalization and region of birth: selected fiscal years 

1 960-87 xxxvii 



Detailed Tables 

Immigrants 

1. Immigration to the United States: fiscal years 1820-1987 1 

2. Immigration by region and selected country of last residence: fiscal years 1820-1987 2 



Tables-Conf/nued 

Immigrants 



Page 



3. Immigrants admitted by region and selected country of birth: fiscal years 1977-87 6 

4. Immigrants admitted by type and class of admission: fiscal years 1981-87 8 

5. Immigrants admitted by class of admission and region and selected foreign state of chargeability 

under the worldwide numerical limitation: fiscal year 1987 12 

6. Immigrants admitted by type of admission and region and selected country of birth: fiscal year 

1987 14 

7. Immigrants admitted by selected class of admission and region and selected country of birth: 

fiscal year 1987 16 

8. Immigrants admitted by selected class of admission and region and selected country of last per- 

manent residence: fiscal year 1987 18 

9. Immigrants admitted who were adjusted to permanent resident status by selected status at entry 

and region and selected country of birth: fiscal year 1987 20 

10. Immigrants admitted in fiscal year 1987 by calendar year of entry, type of admission, and region 

and selected country of birth 22 

11. Immigrants admitted by age and sex: fiscal years 1977-87 24 

12. Immigrants admitted by selected country of birth, age, and sex: fiscal year 1987 25 

13. Immigrants admitted by marital status, age, and sex: fiscal year 1987 28 

14. Immigrants admitted as orphans by sex, age, and region and selected country of birth: fiscal 

year 1987 29 

15. Immigrant new arrivals admitted by selected port of entry and region and selected country of birth: 

fiscal year 1987 30 

16. Immigrants admitted by selected country of birth and state of intended residence: fiscal year 

1987 32 

17. Immigrants admitted by state of intended residence: fiscal years 1977-87 35 

18. Immigrants admitted by selected country of birth and selected metropolitan statistical area of 

intended residence: fiscal year 1987 36 

19. Immigrant beneficiaries of occupational preferences admitted by type of admission and occupation: 

fiscal year 1 987 39 

20. Immigrants admitted by major occupation group and region and selected country of birth: fiscal 

year 1987 40 

Legalization Applicants 

21. Legalization applicants by type of application and region and selected country of citizenship: 

fiscal year 1987 44 

22. Legalization applicants by type of application and selected state and metropolitan statistical area of 

residence: fiscal year 1987 45 

Refugees, Asylees 

23. Refugee-status applications: fiscal years 1980-87 49 

24. Refugee-status applications by geographic area and selected country of chargeability: fiscal year 

1987 49 

25. Refugee approvals and admissions by geographic area of chargeability: fiscal years 1980-87 50 
vi 



Tab\es-Continued 

Refugees, Asylees Page 

26. Refugee arrivals into the United States by selected nationality: fiscal years 1982-87 50 

27. Refugees granted lawful permament resident status in fiscal year 1987 by calendar year of entry 

and region and selected country of birth 51 

28. Refugees granted lawful permanent resident status by selected country of birth, age, and sex: 

fiscal year 1987 52 

29. Refugees granted lawful permanent resident status by selected country of birth and state of resi- 

dence: fiscal year 1 987 54 

30. Asylum cases filed with INS district directors: fiscal years 1973-87 , 56 

31. Number of individuals granted asylum by INS district directors by selected nationality: fiscal years 

1984-87 56 

32. Asylum cases filed with INS district directors by selected nationality: fiscal year 1987 57 

33. Asylum cases filed with INS district directors by INS region and district office: fiscal year 1987 58 

34. Asylees granted lawful -permanent resident status by selected country of birth, age, and sex: 

fiscal year 1987 59 

35. Asylees granted lawful permanent resident status by selected country of birth and state of 

residence: fiscal year 1987 60 

36. Asylees granted lawful permanent resident status in fiscal year 1987 by calendar year of entry 

and region and selected country of birth 61 

37. Refugees and asylees granted lawful permanent resident status by enactment: fiscal years 1 946-87 62 

38. Refugees and asylees granted lawful permanent resident status by region and selected country 

of birth: fiscal years 1946-87 63 

39. Refugees and asylees granted lawful permanent resident status by region and selected country 

of birth: fiscal years 1978-87 64 

40. Refugees and asylees granted lawful permanent resident status by selected country of birth and 

selected metropolitan statistical area of residence: fiscal year 1987 65 

Nonimmigrants 

41. Nonimmigrants admitted by selected class of admission and region and selected country of last 

residence: selected fiscal years 1978-87 68 

42. Nonimmigrants admitted by selected class of admission and region and selected country of citizen- 

ship: fiscal year 1987 70 

43. Nonimmigrants admitted by class of admission: selected fiscal years 1978-87 74 

44. Nonimmigrants admitted as temporary workers, exchange visitors, and intracompany transferees 

by region and selected country of citizenship: fiscal year 1987 75 

45. Nonimmigrants admitted by selected port of entry and region and selected country of citizenship: 

fiscal year 1987 78 

46. Nonimmigrants admitted by age and region and selected country of citizenship: fiscal year 1987 82 

Naturalizations 

47. Petitions for naturalization filed, persons naturalized, and petitions for naturalization denied: 

fiscal years 1907-87 86 



Tab\es-Continued 

Naturalizations 



Page 



48. Persons naturalized by general and special naturalization provisions: fiscal years 1982-87 87 

49. Persons naturalized by selected naturalization provisions and region and selected country of 

former allegiance: fiscal year 1987 88 

50. Persons naturalized by region and selected country of former allegiance: fiscal years 1978-87 90 

51. Persons naturalized by sex, marital status, and major occupation group: fiscal years 1982-87 92 

52. Persons naturalized by state of residence: fiscal years 1978-87 93 

53. Persons naturalized by selected country of former allegiance and state of residence: fiscal year 

1987 94 

54. Persons naturalized by selected country of former allegiance and selected metropolitan statistical 

area of residence: fiscal year 1987 96 

55. Persons naturalized by major occupation group and region and selected country of former alle- 

giance: fiscal year 1987 98 

56. Persons naturalized in fiscal year 1987 by calendar year of entry and region and selected country 

of birth 100 

57. Persons naturalized by selected country of former nationality, age, and sex: fiscal year 1987 102 

58. Persons naturalized by age and sex: fiscal years 1978-87 104 

Enforcement 

59. Aliens apprehended, deported, and required to depart: fiscal years 1892-1987 107 

60. Deportable aliens located by status at entry and region and selected country of nationality: fiscal 

year 1987 108 

61 . Aliens excluded by cause: fiscal years 1892-1987 109 

62. Aliens excluded by region and country of birth: fiscal years 1982-87 110 

63. Aliens under docket control required to depart by region and country of nationality: calendar 

years 1980-87 113 

64. Aliens under docket control required to depart by cause and region and selected country of 

nationality: fiscal year 1987 116 

65. Aliens deported by cause: fiscal years 1908-87 117 

66. Aliens deported by region and country of nationality: calendar years 1980-87 118 

67. Aliens deported by region and selected country to which deported: fiscal years 1978-87 121 



Tables-Continued 

Enforcement 



Page 



68. Aliens deported by cause and region and selected country of nationality: fiscal year 1987 122 

69. Aliens deported and under docket control required to depart by status at entry: fiscal years 

1982-87 123 

70. Aliens deported and required to depart by region and district office: fiscal year 1987 124 

71 . Report of Service participation in the control of marijuana, narcotics, and dangerous drug traffic: 

fiscal years 1 980-87 1 25 

72. Principal activities and accomplisfiments of the Border Patrol: fiscal years 1981-87 126 

Entries 

73. Primary inspections of total estimated aliens and citizens admitted by state and port of entry: 

fiscal year 1987 128 

Litigation, Legal Activity 

74. Prosecutions, fines, and imprisonment for immigration and nationality violations: fiscal years 

1981-87 130 

75. Convictions for immigration and nationality violations: fiscal years 1981-87 130 

76. Writs of habeas corpus, judicial review of orders of deportation, and declaratory judgements in 

exclusion and deportation cases: fiscal years 1981-87 131 

Legislation 

77. Private immigration and nationality bills introduced and laws enacted: 77th through 99th Congress 132 



Appendixes 

Glossary 1 34 

Table Genealogy 1 42 

Data Sources 146 



a. 
< 

< 




Immigrants Admitted, Calendar Years 1970-79 by Region of Birth and Naturalizations of Those 

Immigrants: Fiscal Years 1970-87 



750 



600 



150 



Persons 
naturalized 



{I 



Immigrants 
admitted 



Percent naturalized 

North America 17.7 

Asia 53.3 

Europe 28.5 

South America 29.3 

Africa 40.5 

Oceania 18.0 



I 




North America Asia 



Europe South America Africa 



Oceania 



Nonimmigrants Admitted as Temporary Workers, Intracompany Transferees, and Exchange Visitors 
from Top Twenty Countries of Citizenship: Fiscal Year 1987 



United Kingdom 
Canada 

Jamaica 

Japan 

Mexico 

France 

Philippines 

Germany, Fed. Rep. 

Sweden 

China 

Australia 

India 

Ireland 

Netherlands 

Italy 

Spain 

Venezuela 

Israel 

Brazil 
Argentina 

Thousands 



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10 



r///y< Temporary workers 
and intracompany 
transferees 

^^H Exchange 
visitors 



15 



20 



NOTE: China includes IVIainland China and Taiwan. 
Source; Table 44. 



xn 



Introduction 



The 1987 Statistical Yearbook of the Immigration and Naturalization Service represents a continuation of the re- 
visions introduced last year: data are presented in tabular form accompanied by descriptive text, charts, and a 
map for further illustration. Included for the first time are data on the number of applications for legalization re- 
ceived as a result of the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986. Data are presented for applications filed 
during fiscal year 1987. 

Though data for fiscal year 1987 are featured in this Yearbook, historical data are also furnished. The major areas 
covered include: Immigrants admitted for legal permanent residence; refugees approved and admitted; asylees 
approved; nonimmigrant arrivals (e.g., tourists, students, etc.); aliens naturalized; aliens apprehended and ex- 
pelled; and aliens inspected at ports of entry. 

The statistics for 1987 reflect a leveling off of immigration to the United States after reaching a 50-year high in 
1986; a reduction in the number naturalized after a peak in 1986; an all-time high in the number of tourists to 
the United States and in the volume of border crossings; and a sharp reduction in the number of deportable aliens 
apprehended. Highlights for 1987 include: 

• 601,516 immigrants were admitted— only 200 below the 1986 total; 16,105 of these were admitted under 
provisions of the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986. 

• Asia was the leading region of immigration with approximately 41 percent of the total. 

• Nearly three-quarters of all immigrants intended to reside in six states: California, New York, Florida, 
Texas, New Jersey, and Illinois. 

• Cuba was the leading country for refugee adjustments— the second straight year that Vietnam was not 
the leading country. 

• 12.3 million nonimmigrants were admitted— 72 percent were tourists. 

• 62 percent of all nonimmigrants arrived at four ports: New York, Miami, Los Angeles, and Honolulu. 

• More than 262,000 foreign students entered the United States. 

• 227,008 aliens were naturalized— a reduction to pre-1986 levels. 

• For the second straight year Vietnam was the leading country of birth for naturalized citizens with 25,636. 

• Nearly 50 percent of the naturalized citizens for the period 1981-87 were born in Asia. 

• Apprehensions of deportable aliens dropped to 1.2 million from an historical high of 1.8 million in 1986. 

• More than 300 million people entered the United States acrpss land borders in 1987—4 percent above 
1986. 

• San Ysidro, California was the leading port of entry with approximately 36 million entries. 

• During fiscal year 1987, 790,280 aliens applied for legalization; 648,754 who have continuously resided 
in the United States since 1982 and 141,526 who worked in perishable crops. 

— 72 percent were Mexican. 

— 55 percent resided in California. 

— 30 percent resided in the Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA area. 



Immigrants Admitted by Region of Birth: Selected Fiscal Years 1955-87 



Thousands 



600 



I Asia 

m North America 

^ Europe 

^ South America 

B Other 



500 



400 



300 



200 




100 







^ 



1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 



1987 



Source: 1981-87, Table 3; 1955-75. previous yearbooks. 



I. Changes in Immigration Law 



Two major immigration bills were signed into law in 
fiscal year 1987: 1) the Immigration Reform and Con- 
trol Act of 1986 (P.L. 99-603), which was enacted on 
November 6, 1986, and 2) the Immigration Marriage 
Fraud Amendments of 1986 (P.L. 99-639), which were 
enacted on November 14, 1986. Selected provisions 
of these two laws are described below. 



Immigration Reform and Control Act of 
1986 

The Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA) of 1 986 
contains three major provisions which are designed to 
act in concert to control illegal immigration: legaliza- 
tion of a portion of the undocumented population, sanc- 
tions against employers who knowingly hire un- 
documented workers, and increased enforcement at 
U.S. borders. The law contains many other provisions, 
including a provision for the legalization of certain alien 
workers who have been employed in seasonal 
agricultural work. 

Legalization 

Certain illegal aliens were eligible to apply for temporary 
resident status under the legalization provision of 
IRCA. To be eligible, aliens must have continuously 
resided in the United States in an unlawful status since 
January 1 , 1982, not be excludable, and have entered 
the United States in one of two ways: 

• illegally before January 1, 1982 or 

• as temporary visitors before January 1 , 1982, with 
their authorized stay expiring before that date or 
with the Government's knowledge of their 
unlawful status before that date. 

Legalization consists of two stages — temporary and 
then permanent residency. The one-year application 
period for temporary residency began on May 5, 1987 
and ended May 4, 1988. The application period for per- 
manent residency begins on December 5, 1988 and 
ends on December 4, 1990. Those granted temporary 
residence must apply for permanent residence within 
a one-year period beginning in the 19th month after 
their initial application. In order to adjust to permanent 
resident status aliens must have had continuous 
residence in the United States, be admissible as im- 
migrants, and demonstrate minimal understanding and 
knowledge of the English language and U.S. history 
and government. 

Newly legalized aliens are barred from receiving most 
federally funded public assistance for 5 years. Excep- 
tions include the access of Medicaid by aliens who have 
been granted permanent resident status and are under 
18 or require emergency or pregnancy-related services. 



Aliens who have adjusted to permanent resident status 
who are aged, blind, or disabled may be eligible for 
Federal assistance programs except Aid to Families 
with Dependent Children (AFDC). State and local 
governments are authorized up to $1 billion a year for 
the 4 fiscal years from 1988-91 to be reimbursed for 
their costs of providing public health, public assist- 
ance, and education to the legalized aliens. 

Employer Sanctions 

The employer sanctions provision prohibits employers 
from hiring, recruiting, or referring for a fee aliens 
known to be unauthorized to work in the United States. 
Violators of the law are subject to a series of civil fines, 
or criminal penalties when there is a pattern or prac- 
tice of violations. All employers, regardless of size, are 
covered by the law. Employees who are unauthorized 
to work but were hired before the enactment date are 
not subject to verification of their legal status. 

Discrimination against any individual based on national 
origin or citizenship status is prohibited; however, it is 
not illegal to select a U.S. citizen over an alien for 
employment if the two are equally qualified. In addition, 
an Office of Special Counsel within the Department of 
Justice was created to investigate and prosecute 
charges of immigration-related employment discrimina- 
tion. If these measures are not effective and there is 
evidence of widespread discrimination, then the 
employer sanctions program can be terminated after 
three years. 

Increased Enforcement 

The Immigration Reform and Control Act recommend- 
ed increases in inspection and enforcement at U.S. 
borders in order to prevent and deter illegal entry. It 
also authorizes a 50-percent increase over the 1986 
level in Border Patrol appropriations for fiscal years 
1987 and 1988. An additional enforcement measure 
mandates state participation in INS' Systematic Alien 
Verification Entitlement (SAVE) System. Beginning on 
October 1 , 1988, states are required to use the system 
to prevent fraud in the use of public assistance pro- 
grams unless they can show that its use would not be 
cost-effective. 

Aliens who are in an illegal status are no longer able 
to remain in the United States and adjust to permanent 
resident status unless they are immediate relatives of 
U.S. citizens. 

Agricultural Workers 

The act created a new classification of temporary 
agricultural workers and provides for the legalization 
of two groups of such workers: Special Agricultural 
Workers (SAWS) and Replenishment Agricultural 



Workers (RAWS). A new nonimmigrant category (H-2A) 
was created to clarify the process through which 
employers can employ these nonimmigrant seasonal 
and temporary agricultural workers and to expedite 
their entry. New procedures under this category include 
limits on the amount of time required for labor certifica- 
tion and an expedited process for the review of denials. 

The SAW program allows for the temporary residency 
of aliens who have performed labor in perishable 
agricultural commodities for a specified period of time 
and are admissible as immigrants. The 18-month 
application period began June 1, 1987 and ends 
November 30, 1988. Up to 350,000 aliens who have 
worked at least 90 days in each of the 3 years 
preceding May 1, 1986 are eligible for Group I tem- 
porary resident status. Eligible aliens who qualify under 
this requirement but apply after the 350,000 limit has 
been met and aliens who performed labor in perishable 
agricultural commodities for at least 90 days during the 
year ending May 1 , 1986 are eligible for Group II tem- 
porary resident status. Adjustment to permanent resi- 
dent status is essentially automatic for both groups; 
however, aliens in Group I are eligible on December 
1, 1989 and those in Group II are eligible one year later 
on December 1, 1990. 

The Immigration Reform and Control Act also provides 
for the temporary residence and later permanent 
residence of agricultural workers under the Replenish- 
ment Agricultural Worker (RAW) program. This pro- 
gram will begin in 1 990 if the Secretaries of Agriculture 
and Labor both determine that there is a shortage of 
agricultural workers in the country. 

Other Provisions 

The registry date was extended to January 1, 1972. 
This provision allows aliens who have continuously 
resided in the United States in an unlawful status since 
January 1 , 1972 to adjust to permanent resident status. 
Previously, aliens had to have been in the country con- 
tinuously since June 30, 1948 to qualify. 

Aliens who are classified as Cuban/Haitian Entrants or 
nationals of Cuba and Haiti who entered the country 
without inspection and have continuously resided in the 
country since January 1 , 1982 may also apply directly 
for permanent resident status. Cuban/Haitian Entrant 
status is accorded to 1) Cubans who entered the United 
States illegally during the "Mariel Boatlift" between 
April 15, 1980 and October 10, 1980 and 2) Haitians 
who entered the country illegally before January 1, 
1981. 

The annual numerical limitation for immigrants admit- 
ted under the preference system for dependent areas 
was increased from 600 to 5,000 beginning in fiscal 
year 1988. 

A new special immigrant category was created for cer- 
tain retired employees of international organizations 
and their families. Parents and children of persons 



granted this new special immigrant status may also visit 
the United States under a new nonimmigrant 
classification. 

The act authorizes a nonimmigrant visa waiver pilot pro- 
gram to admit visitors for up to 90 days from as many 
as eight countries. The countries included in the pilot 
program must be those with low visa refusal rates. 

Aliens born in countries from which immigration was 
adversely affected by the Immigration and Nationality 
Act Amendments of 1965 (P.L. 89-236) are allowed 
5,000 nonpreference visas in each of fiscal years 1987 
and 1988. The 5,000 visas are issued above the 
worldwide limitation of 270,000. 

Immigration IVIarriage Fraud Amendments of 1986 

This bill, designed to deter immigration-related mar- 
riage fraud, stipulates that aliens deriving their im- 
migrant status based on a marriage of less than two 
years are conditional immigrants. To remove their con- 
ditional status the immigrants must apply at an Im- 
migration and Naturalization Service office within 90 
days after their second-year anniversary of receiving 
conditional status. If the aliens cannot show that the 
marriage through which the status was obtained was 
and is a valid one, conditional immigrant status is 
terminated and they become deportable. Conditional 
status applies to spouses of U.S. citizens and legal per- 
manent residents as well as children whose parents are 
deriving their immigrant status based on a marriage of 
less than two years. 

The bill also requires alien fiances or fiancees of U.S. 
citizens to have met their citizen petitioner in person 
within two years of the date the visa petition was filed. 
Spouses of U.S. citizens or legal permanent residents 
who are petitioning for immigrant status based on mar- 
riages of less than two years, and who are in deporta- 
tion hearings, must live outside the United States for 
two years. 



II. Immigrants 



immigrants are aliens admitted for legal permanent 
residence in the United States. The procedures for ad- 
mission depend on whether the alien is residing inside 
or outside the United States at the time of application 
for permanent residence. Eligible aliens residing 
outside the United States are issued immigrant visas 
by the U.S. Department of State and are admitted at 
U.S. ports of entry. Eligible aliens residing in the United 
States are allowed to change their status from tem- 
porary to permanent residence at district offices of the 
U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS). 

A total of 601 ,516 aliens were admitted as immigrants 
during fiscal year 1987. This number is approximately 
200 fewer than the number of immigrants admitted in 
fiscal year 1986, which was the highest annual total in 



over 50 years. Although the difference in the total 
number of immigrants between the two years is negligi- 
ble, there were significant variations in the character- 
istics of the immigrants admitted during fiscal years 
1986 and 1987. The most notable increases in 1987 
were due to the addition of new categories of admis- 
sion mandated by the Immigration Reform and Con- 
trol Act of 1986 (see Changes in Immigration Law sec- 
tion). Approximately 16,100 immigrants were admitted 
under new provisions established by the bill. Signifi- 
cant decreases in the number of immigrants admitted 
occurred in the categories of spouses of U.S. citizens 
(-5,000) and refugee adjustments (-7,900). 



U.S. Immigration Policy 

U.S. immigration law gives preferential immigration 
status to aliens with a family relationship with a U.S. 
citizen or legal permanent resident, aliens with need- 
ed job skills, or aliens who qualify as refugees. Aliens 
in other categories account for relatively few admis- 
sions. Immigration to the United States can be divided 
into two general categories: (1) those subject to the 
worldwide limitations and (2) those exempt from it. 

Immigration Subject to the Worldwide Limitation 

A maximum of 270,000 immigrants may be admitted 
annually under the worldwide limitation. Within this 
overall limitation, no more than 20,000 immigrants may 
come from any independent country and no more than 
600 from a dependency. Visa allocation is determined 
by a system consisting of six preference categories. 



each with its own numerical limitation (Table A). The 
first, fourth, and fifth preferences are based on the 
alien's relationship with a U.S. citizen, the second 
preference is reser>/ed for a spouse or an unmarried 
child of a legal permanent resident, and the third and 
sixth preferences are based on needed job skills. Aliens 
not eligible for any of the six preferences may qualify 
for the nonpreference category. Visas for this category 
are issued when the authorized visas in the preference 
categories are not used. Heavy demand for preference 
visas has resulted in no nonpreference visas being 
issued since fiscal year 1978. 

Immigration Exempt from the Worldwide 
Limitation 

The major categories of immigrants exempt from the 
worldwide limitation of 270,000 are listed below. 

• Immediate relatives of U.S. citizens 

Spouses 

Children (including orphans) 

Parents (of U.S. citizens at least 21 years of age 

• Refugee and asylee adjustments 

• Special immigrants 

Certain ministers of religion 
Certain former employees of the U.S. govern- 
ment abroad 
Certain persons who lost U.S. citizenship 
Certain foreign medical graduates 

• Babies born abroad to legal permanent residents 

• Aliens who have unlawfully resided in the United 

States since January 1, 1972 



Table A 
Worldwide Limited Immigrants (270,000 annually) 



Preference 



Provision 



Percent and 
number of visas 



First 
Second 

Third 

Fourth 

Fifth 

Sixth 



Nonpref- 
erence 



Unmarried sons and daughters of U.S. citizens and their children 20% or 54,000 

Spouses and unmarried sons and daughters of permanent resident 26% or 70,200* 

aliens 

Members of the professions of exceptional ability and their sons 10% or 27,000 

and daughters 

Married sons and daughters of U.S. citizens and their spouses 10% or 27,000* 

and children 

Brothers and sisters of U.S. citizens (at least 21 years of age) and 24% or 64,800* 

their spouses and children 

Workers in skilled or unskilled occupations in which laborers are 10% or 27,000 

in short supply in the United States and their spouses and 

children 

Other qualified applicants Any numbers 

not used above* 



Numbers not used in higher preferences may be used in these categories. 



Changes in immigration Law 

Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 

Approximately 16,100 immigrants were admitted under 
provisions of the Immigration Reform and Control Act 
of 1986. These include 3,037 nonpreference im- 
migrants admitted from countries that were adversely 
affected by the Immigration and Nationality Act Amend- 
ments of 1965; 374 retired employees of international 
organizations and their families; 4,634 Cubans and Hai- 
tians who entered the United States during the "Mariel 
Boatlift" in 1980; and 8,060 aliens who have resided 
in the United States illegally since 1972. 

Immigration Marriage Fraud Amendments of 1986 

Aliens deriving their immigrant status based on a mar- 
riage of less than 2 years are conditional immigrants 
under provisions of the Immigration Marriage Fraud 
Amendments of 1986. A total of 108,518 conditional im- 
migrants were admitted in fiscal year 1987, the first year 
the law was in effect. Of this total, 80,888 were spouses 
of U.S. citizens and 16,908 were spouses of legal per- 
manent residents. The remaining 10,722 conditional im- 



migrants admitted during the year were children whose 
parents were deriving their immigrant status based on 
marriages of less than 2 years. 



Data Overview ^ 

Total Immigration 

The number of immigrants admitted during the 1980s 
has averaged approximately 575,000 per year. During 
the first decade of the 1900s, when immigration to the 
United States was at its highest level, annual admis- 
sions averaged 880,000. The differences between past 
and present immigration levels are more pronounced 
when comparing rates of immigration relative to the 
total U.S. population. The average annual number of 
immigrants admitted from 1980-87 was 2.4 immigrants 
per thousand U.S. inhabitants. The annual immigration 
rate during 1901-10 was more than 4 times as great 
(10.4). 

The nadir of U.S. immigration began with the great 



Thousands 



Chart A 
Immigrants Admitted: Fiscal Years 1900-87 




1900 



1910 



1920 



1930 



1940 



1950 



1960 



1970 



1980 1987 



Source: Table 1. 
XViii 



depression and ended at the conclusion of World War 
II. Since that time immigration has generally increas- 
ed, and during fiscal year 1986 it reached its highest 
total since 1924 (Chart A). Legal immigration is likely 
to continue to increase in the next few years as aliens 
are legalized under the provisions of the Immigration 
Reform and Control Act of 1986. Aliens granted tem- 
porary residency under the Legalization Program will 
be eligible to adjust to permanent residence begin- 
ning in fiscal year 1989. 

Region and Country '*^ 

Asia had the highest number of admissions in 1987 
(42.8 percent). This continues a trend that began with 
the elimination of country-specific immigration quotas 
by the Immigration and Nationality Act Amendments 
of 1965. Immigration from Asia increased after the 1965 
Act, while the number of immigrants entering from 
Europe has decreased (Table B). Asia has had the 
highest immigrant total every year since 1978, when 
Indochinese refugees who were paroled into the United 
States were first allowed to adjust to permanent resi- 
dent status. 

Mexico, the Philippines, Korea, and Cuba continued as 
the countries with the highest numbers of immigrant 
admissions in 1987 (Table C). The countries with the 
highest U.S. immigration during the 1980s are Mexico 
(538,651), the Philippines (366,610), Vietnam (332,582), 
China (Mainland and Taiwan) (284,738), and Korea 
(269,966). 



The countries with the largest increases in immigration 
between 1986 and 1987 were Mexico (5,818), Jamaica 
(3,553), Haiti (2,153), India (1 ,576), and Ireland (1 ,221). 
The increases from Mexico, Haiti, and Ireland were due 
principally to the provisions of IRCA. Approximately 
4,300 Mexicans immigrated under the updated registry 
provision, 4,400 Haitians immigrated under the 
Cuban/Haitian provision, and 830 Irish immigrated 
under the nonpreference category. The increase from 
Mexico was also caused by increased immigration of 
Mexican aliens whose orders of deportation were 
suspended during their deportation hearings. About 
1 ,900 Mexicans were adjusted to legal permanent resi- 
dent status through the suspension of the deportation 
provision in 1987 compared to 140 in 1986. The coun- 
tries with the largest percentage increases in immigra- 
tion between 1986 and 1987 (with at least 400 im- 
migrants) were Ireland (66.4), Sierra Leone (40.2), 
Yemen (Sanaa) (37.4), Dominica (31 .2), and Fiji (24.0). 

Immigration from Vietnam decreased by 5,762 between 
1986 and 1987 due to a decline in refugee adjustments. 
Other countries with declines in immigration for this 
period were Cuba (-4,198), the Philippines (-2,498), 
Iran (-2,097), and Taiwan (-1,493). 

Categories of Admission 

Immigration Subject to tlie Worldwide Limitation 

The number of immigrants admitted subject to the 
worldwide limitation is relatively constant from year to 



Table B 

Percent of Immigrants Admitted by Region and Period: 

Fiscal Years 1955-87 



Region 


1955-64 


1965-74 


1975-84 


1985 


1986 


1987 


All regions 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


Europe 


50.2 


29.8 


13.4 


11.1 


10.4 


10.2 


North and West 


28.6 


11.0 


5.2 


5.0 


5.0 


5.2 


South and East 


21.6 


18.7 


8.1 


6.0 


5.4 


5.0 


Asia 


7.7 


22.4 


43.3 


46.4 


44.6 


42.8 


Africa 


.7 


1.5 


2.4 


3.0 


2.9 


2.9 


Oceania 


.4 


.7 


.8 


.7 


.6 


.7 


North America 


36.0 


39.6 


33.6 


31.9 


34.5 


36.0 


Caribbean 


7.1 


18.0 


15.1 


14.6 


16.9 


17.1 


Central America 


2.5 


2.6 


3.7 


4.6 


4.7 


4.9 


Other N. America 


26.4 


19.0 


14.8 


12.7 


12.9 


14.0 


South America 


5.1 


6.0 


6.6 


6.9 


7.0 


7.4 



Source: 1976-87, Table 3; 1955-75, previous yearbooks. 



Table C 

Immigrants Admitted from Top Fifteen Countries of Birth: 

Fiscal Year 1987 





1987 


1986 


Change 


Country of birth 


Number 


Percent 


Total 


601,516 


601,708 


-192 


— 


1) Mexico 


72,351 


66,533 


5,818 


8.7 


2) Philippines 


50,060 


52,558 


-2,498 


-4.8 


3) Korea 


35,849 


35,776 


73 


.2 


4) Cuba 


28,916 


33,114 


-4,198 


-12.7 


5) India 


27,803 


26,227 


1,576 


6.0 


6) China, Mainland 


25,841 


25,106 


735 


2.9 


7) Dominican Republic 


24,858 


26,175 


-1,317 


-5.0 


8) Vietnam 


24,231 


29,993 


-5,762 


-19.2 


9) Jamaica 


23,148 


19,595 


3,553 


18.1 


10) Haiti 


14,819 


12,666 


2,153 


17.0 


11) Iran 


14,426 


16,505 


-2,079 


-12.6 


12) United Kingdom 


13,497 


13,657 


-160 


-1.2 


13) Cambodia 


12,460 


13,501 


-1,041 


-7.7 


14) Taiwan 


11,931 


13,424 


-1,493 


-11.1 


15) Canada 


1 1 ,876 


1 1 ,039 


837 


7.6 



Other 



209,450 



205,839 



3,611 



1.8 



— Represents zero. Source: Table 3. 



year since the demand for visas far exceeds the an- 
nual limit of 270,000. As of January 1988 there were 
2.2 million active registrants awaiting immigrant visas 
at consular offices abroad.^ The Immigration Reform 
and Control Act of 1986 allowed for aliens born in coun- 
tries adversely affected by the Immigration and Na- 
tionality Act Amendments of 196510 immigrate in 1987 
under a special nonpreference category. Up to 5,000 
visas, which were issued above the worldwide limita- 
tion of 270,000, were made available during the year. 

Spouses and unmarried sons and daughters of legal 
permanent residents and their families (second 
preference) accounted for 111 ,000 of the immigrants 
admitted in 1987 subject to the worldwide limitation 
(Table D). The next highest category of admission in 
1987 was brothers or sisters of U.S. citizens and their 



' 1987 Report of the Visa Office, U.S. Department of State, Bureau 



families (fifth preference) with 69,000. The increase in 
the "other" category subject to worldwide limitation 
was due to an unusually high number of suspension 
of deportation cases. 

Immigrants Exempt from the Worldwide Limitation 

The number of immigrants admitted who were exempt 
from the worldwide limitation declined 1 .3 percent bet- 
ween 1986 and 1987. Within the exempt category, 
spouses of U.S. citizens declined by 5,145 and refugee 
adjustments declined by 7,909. The largest increase 
in the exempt category (8,035) was due to the exten- 
sion of the registry provision under IRCA. This provi- 
sion allows aliens who have continuously resided in the 
United States in an unlawful status since January 1, 
1972 to adjust to permanent residence. Previously, 
aliens had to have been in the country continuously 
since June 30, 1948 to qualify. 



of Consular Affairs. 



Table D 

Immigrants Admitted by Major Category of Admission: 

Fiscal Year 1987 





1987 


1986 


Change 




Category of admission 


Number 


Percent 


Total 


601,516 


601 ,708 


-192 


— 


Subject to worldwide limitation 


271,135 


266,968 


4,167 


1.6 


Relative preferences 


211,809 


212,939 


-1,130 


-.5 


First 


1 1 ,382 


10,910 


472 


4.3 


Second 


110,758 


110,926 


-168 


-.2 


Fourth 


20,703 


20,702 


1 


— 


Fifth 


68,966 


70,401 


-1,435 


-2.0 


Occupational preferences 


53,875 


53,625 


248 


.5 


Third 


26,291 


26,823 


98 


.4 


Sixth 


26,952 


26,802 


150 


.6 


Nonpreference 


3,040 


— 


3,040 


— 


Other 


2,413 


404 


2,009 


497.3 


Exempt from worldwide limitation 


330,381 


334,740 


-4,359 


-1.3 


Immediate relatives 


218,575 


223,468 


-4,893 


-2.2 


Spouses 


132,452 


137,597 


-5,145 


-3.7 


Parents 


45,183 


45,232 


-49 


-.1 


Children 


40,940 


40,639 


301 


.7 


Refugee, asylee adjustments 


96,474 


104,383 


-7,909 


-7.6 


Other 


15,332 


6,889 


8,443 


122.8 



— Represents zero. Source: Table 4. 



Until 1987 the number of immediate relatives of U.S. 
citizens admitted during the past decade had increas- 
ed at an average of 10,000 legal permanent residents 
per year (Chart B). In 1987 immediate relatives declin- 
ed by 5,000: spouses of U.S. citizens decreased by 3.7 
percent, while parents of U.S. citizens declined by .1 
percent, and children of U.S. citizens increased by .7 
percent. Approximately 60.6 percent of the immediate 
relatives admitted in 1987 were spouses of U.S. 
citizens, with immigrants from Mexico accounting for 
24.4 percent of the spouses. Parents of U.S. citizens 
were primarily from Asian countries (63.4 percent). Over 
half of the children of U.S. citizens were born in Mex- 
ico, the Philippines, and Korea, and most of the children 
born in Korea were orphans adopted by U.S. citizens 
(5,910 orphans out of 6,628 total children). 

The annual number of refugee adjustments is depen- 
dent on the number of arrivals of refugees in preceding 
years. The number of refugees and asylees adjusting 
to legal permanent residence during fiscal year 1987 
was almost 8 percent lower than for 1986. The only 
country with a substantial increase was Haiti due to the 
Cuban/Haitian entrant provision of IRCA. Cubans enter- 



ing during the "Mariel Boatlift" became eligible dur- 
ing fiscal year 1985 to adjust as refugees under the 
Cuban Refugee Act of 1966. Approximately 15,000 ad- 
justed in 1985, 30,000 in 1986, and 27,000 in 1987. 
Refugee and asylee adjustments from Vietnam have 
declined in each of the last 5 years, from a high of 
69,523 in 1982 to 20,617 in 1987. The number of 
refugee and asylee adjustments from Laos has also 
decreased in each of the last 5 years, from 36,398 in 
1982 to 6,560 in 1987. 

Geographic Distribution 

The top 6 states of intended residence for new im- 
migrants during fiscal year 1987 were California, New 
York, Florida, Texas, New Jersey, and Illinois. These 
states, which constituted 38.4 percent of the total U.S. 
population in 1987, were the intended residence of 71 .4 
percent of all immigrants admitted. These 6 states have 
been the leading states of intended residence for new 
immigrants every year since 1971 , with California the 
leading state since 1976. In 1987, just over a fourth of 
all immigrants intended to reside in California. 



Chart B 
Immigrants Admitted as Immediate Relatives of 
U.S. Citizens: Fiscal Years 1977-87 

Thousands 

140 

120 - .,.••'* 

.jQQ _ Spouses y""' 



80 



60 



40 

20 



Parents 




1977 



Children 



i I I I 



1987 



entry. Immigrants qualifying for immigrant status bas- 
ed on their job skills under the occupational 
preferences, which constituted only 3.9 percent of total 
admissions, enter the U.S. worl<force in their reported 
occupations as shown in Table 19. These immigrants 
are composed of two groups: (1) members of the pro- 
fessions of exceptional ability (third preference), and 
(2) worl<ers in skilled or unskilled occupations in which 
laborers are in short supply in the United States (sixth 
preference). The remaining immigrants have reported 
either the occupation in their last job before immigra- 
tion or the occupation in which they have been trained 
or are qualified to perform. 

The leading occupational groups for third preference 
immigrants are engineers, surveyors, and mapping 
scientists (3,144); executive, administrative, and 
managerial occupations (2,261); postsecondary school 
teachers (934); and nurses (688). The leading groups 
for sixth preference immigrants are service occupations 
(4,815); precision production, craft, and repair occupa- 
tions (1 ,785); executive, administrative, and managerial 
occupations (1,557); and nurses (664). For both third 
and sixth preference immigrants, labor certifications 
from the Department of Labor are generally required, 
indicating that the entry of such persons will not 
adversely affect U.S. workers' wages or working 
conditions. 



Source: Table 4. 



The leading metropolitan areas of intended residence 
were New York, NY (97,510), Los Angeles-Long Beach, 
CA (64,453), Miami-Hialeah, FL (37,887), Chicago, IL 
(20,297), and Washington, DC-MD-VA (17,936). Califor- 
nia cities account for 6 of the top 1 1 areas of intended 
residence: Los Angeles-Long Beach, San Francisco, 
Anaheim-Santa Ana, San Diego, San Jose, and 
Oakland. 

Sex and Age 

Slightly more female than male immigrants were ad- 
mitted in 1987 (301,278 females and 300,238 males). 
A comparison of age distributions shows that im- 
migrants are relatively more concentrated in the age 
groups from 20 to 34 years of age than the total U.S. 
population (Chart C). In 1987 the median ages for the 
total U.S. population were 30.9 for males and 33.2 for 
females. The immigrants were younger, with median 
ages of 27.7 and 28.0, respectively. 

Occupation 

Approximately 40 percent of all immigrants admitted 
in 1987 reported having an occupation at the time of 



Data Collection 

Aliens arriving from outside the United States (new ar- 
rivals) generally must have a valid immigrant visa 
issued by the U.S. Department of State to be admitted 
for legal permanent residence. Aliens already in the 
United States in a temporary status who are eligible 
to become legal permanent residents (adjustments) are 
granted immigrant status by the U.S. Immigration and 
Naturalization Service. The source of information on 
new arrivals is the immigrant visa (OF- 1 55, Immigrant 
Visa and Alien Registration, U.S. Department of State) 
and the source of information on adjustments is the 
form granting legal permanent residence (1-181, 
Memorandum of Creation of Record of Lawful Perma- 
nent Residence, U.S. Immigration and Naturalization 
Service). After the immigrant is admitted, the immigrant 
visa and adjustment forms are forwarded to INS' Im- 
migrant Data Capture (IMDAC) Facility for processing. 
The IMDAC facility generates statistical records which 
are the source of the statistics on immigrants presented 
in this report. The variables collected include: port of 
admission; type (or class) of admission; countries of 
birth, last residence, and nationality; age, sex, and 
marital status; occupation; original year of entry and 
class of entry for those adjusting from temporary to per- 
manent residence; and the zip code of the immigrant's 
intended residence. 



Chart C 
Percent Age and Sex Distribution of U.S. Population and Immigrants Admitted in Fiscal Year 1987 



Age 
80 + 
75-79 
70-74 
65-69 
60-64 
55-59 
50-54 
45-49 
40-44 
35-39 
30-34 
25-29 
20-24 
15-19 
10-14 
5-9 
0-4 



10 



Male 







tJissfegy. 



w///x'//Mmm , w/////////y/4s:a 





Female 



Immigrants, FY 1987 
n U.S. population 



10 



Source: U.S. population data are provisional estimates for July 1, 1987 published by the U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Population 
Reports, Series P-25, No. 1022; immigrants, Table 11. 



Limitations of Data 

The number of immigrants admitted for legal perma- 
nent residence in a year is not the same as the number 
of net migrants who entered the United States in the 
year. The reasons for the difference in counts are: 

1) Immigrant adjustments are reported in the year 
the aliens adjust their status to legal permanent 
residence and not in the year they migrate to the 
United States. 

2) Some immigrants (such as refugees and 
asylees) may never be counted as legal perma- 
nent residents even though they are permanent- 
ly residing in the United States (i.e., they are not 
required to adjust to permanent resident status). 

3) Information on emigration (aliens permanently 
departing the United States) and information on 
net illegal immigration is not collected (see Data 
Gaps section). 

Most immigrants adjusting to legal permanent 
residence entered the United States on a permanent 



basis prior to their year of adjustment. Data on year of 
last arrival for adjustments and for new arrivals appear 
in Table 10. Of those adjusting status, approximately 
96 percent of the aliens admitted for legal permanent 
residence in fiscal year 1987 entered the United States 
in calendar year 1986 or earlier. Many of these ad- 
justments are refugees who legally must wait one year 
before applying for permanent resident status, and 
therefore, do not appear as immigrants until they ad- 
just their status. Some refugees may never appear as 
immigrants because they do not apply for permanent 
residence. 

The number of emigrants and net illegal migrants is 
unknown; however, estimates have been developed by 
the U.S. Bureau of Census to estimate national popula- 
tion totals. The Census Bureau estimates that total 
emigration (native and foreign-born) since 1980 is 
160,000 per year. The available research indicates that 
the net increase in the illegal population was in the 
100,000 to 300,000 range annually during the early 
1980s. The Census Bureau uses an estimate of 
200,000 net growth due to illegal immigration in its an- 
nual population estimates. 



III. Legalization Applications 
under the Immigration Reform 
and Control Act of 1986 



The Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 allows 
two groups of illegal aliens to become temporary and 
then permanent residents of the United States (see 
Changes in Immigration Law section): aliens who have 
been in the United States unlawfully since January 1 , 
1982 (legalization applicants) and aliens who were 
employed in seasonal agricultural work for a minimum 
period of time (Special Agricultural Worker (SAW) ap- 
plicants). The application period for temporary residen- 
cy for legalization applicants began on May 5, 1987 and 
ended on May 4, 1988, while the application period for 
SAW applicants began on June 1, 1987 and ends 
November 30, 1988. As of June 24, 1988, the INS had 
received applications from 1,731,683 legalization ap- 
plicants and 648,692 SAW applicants. 

The statistics presented in this Yearbook are limited to 
the period ending September 30, 1987 (i.e., applica- 
tions filed during fiscal year 1987). This section 
describes the characteristics of the 648,754 legaliza- 
tion and 141 ,526 SAW applicants who filed during fiscal 
year 1987. 



Data Overview 

Legalization Applicants 

Most of the applications filed during the first 5 months 
of the legalization program were submitted by Mexican 
aliens. These aliens submitted 460,715 applications, 
followed by El Salvador (52,340) and Guatemala 
(17,060). No other country had more than 10,000 ap- 
plicants. Applicants from North America account for 
about 87 percent of the total: Mexico (71 .0 percent). 
Central America (12.9), and the Caribbean (2.8). The 
leading continents after North America are Asia (5.8 
percent), South America (3.3), Europe (2.1), Africa (1 .3), 
and Oceania (.2). Overall, 77.9 percent of the applicants 
entered the United States without inspection and 20.6 
percent entered as nonimmigrants who subsequently 
overstayed their visas. The principal manner of entry 
for aliens from North American countries was without 
inspection (86.6 percent) while non-North Americans 
mainly entered as nonimmigrants (80.6 percent). 

The legalization applicants are highly concentrated in 
a few states and metropolitan areas of residence. The 
5 leading states, which account for about 7 out of 8 ap- 
plications, are California (56.8 percent), Texas (16.1), 
Illinois (6.5), New York (5.2), and Florida (3.4) (Map, 
p. x). These same 5 states have been the leading states 
of intended residence for legal immigrants for the past 



15 years. About 1 in 3 applicants reside in Los Angeles- 
Long Beach, CA, which has over twice as many ap- 
plicants as Texas, the second highest state. Half of the 
top 10 metropolitan areas of residence are in Califor- 
nia: Los Angeles-Long Beach, Anaheim-Santa Ana, 
Riverside-San Bernardino, San Diego, and San Jose. 
The only other state with more than 1 of the 1 leading 
metropolitan areas is Texas, with Houston and Dallas. 
The remaining areas are Chicago, IL, New York, NY, 
and Miami-Hialeah, FL. 

Legalization applicants are primarily between the ages 
of 15 to 44 (77.6 percent) and have a median age of 
30 years. Males account for 53.7 percent of the ap- 
plicants. Approximately 48.1 percent of the applicants 
are married, 43.1 percent have never been married, 
and the remaining 8.8 percent are separated, di- 
vorced, or widowed or have an unknown marital status. 

The application form requires all legalization applicants 
to enter their occupation (present or most recent job). 
The most frequent occupations reported are operators, 
fabricators, or laborers (24.1 percent) and service oc- 
cupations (18.9 percent). Only 4.2 percent of the 
legalization applicants reported working in farming, 
forestry, or fishing occupations. Almost a quarter of the 
applicants are homemakers, children, unemployed, or 
retired. 

SAW Applicants 

Mexican aliens constitute 74.8 percent of the applicants 
who filed for SAW status during the first 4 months of 
the application period (fiscal year 1987). The country 
with the second highest number of applications was 
Haiti with 16.6 percent. The remaining countries ac- 
count for only 8.6 percent. Four of the top 1 countries 
are located in Asia: India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and 
Korea. 

Many of the SAW applicants migrate from state to state 
according to the growing season; therefore, the popula- 
tion in a state at any time may differ from the data from 
the application forms. The leading states of residence 
for SAW applicants at the time of application are Califor- 
nia (45.9 percent), Florida (24.2), Washington (6.2), 
Texas (4.7), and Oregon (3.1) (Map, p. x). 

The number of SAW applicants who applied for Group 
I status during fiscal year 1987 (worked at least 90 days 
during each year ending in May 1 984, 1 985, and 1 986) 
is about 25,000, well below the limit of 350,000. Mex- 
icans have accounted for 90 percent of the Group I ap- 
plicants. The number of applicants in the less restric- 



live Group II category (worked at least 90 days between 
May 1985 and May 1986) Is 114,300. 

The SAW applicants reported working on the follow- 
ing types of crops: fruits and tree nuts (34.9 percent), 
vegetables and melons (22.7), cash grains (9.4), hor- 
ticultural specialties (7.2), and field crops (3.3). Ap- 
plicants failed to report a crop type on 17.6 percent of 
the applications. 

SAW applicants are concentrated in the ages between 
20 zr.d 3C JT'C : p: .:nt) and have a median age of 29 
years. Approximately 81 .9 percent are male; 46.0 per- 
cent are married. 



Data Collection 

The data on legalization and SAW applicants are 
reported on INS' application forms and maintained in 
the Legalization Applicant Processing System (LAPS) 
data base. Aliens who have been in the United States 
since 1982 applied with Form 1-687 (Application for 
Status as a Temporary Resident). Aliens applying under 
the SAW program use Form 1-700 (Application for Tem- 
porary Resident Status as a Special Agricultural Worker 
(SAW)). The LAPS data base contains selected items 
from each alien's application form. 



Limitations of Data 

All applicants are included in this section regardless 
of the dispositions of their cases. Each application is 
initially recommended for approval or denial by an of- 
ficer at a legalization office; the applicant receives a 
final decision after the information is processed at a 
Regional Processing Facility. In the first four months 
the legalization offices recommended approval for over 
90 percent of the legalization applicants and slightly 
below 90 percent of the SAW applicants. 



IV. Refugees 



The Immigration and Nationality Act, as amended by 
the Refugee Act of 1980, governs the admission of 
refugees into the United States. A refugee, as defined 
by the Act, is any person who is outside his or her coun- 
try of nationality who is unable or unwilling to return 
to that country because of persecution or a well- 
founded fear of persecution. Claims of persecution may 
be based on the alien's race, religion, nationality, 
membership in a particular social group, or political 
opinion. Persons within their country of nationality may 
be treated as refugees, provided that the President has 



defined these countries as having special refugee cir- 
cumstances, after consultation with Congress. The 
definition of refugee set forth in the Refugee Act of 1980 
conforms to that of the 1967 United Nations Protocol 
on Refugees. 

The authorized ceiling for refugee admissions was in- 
creased from 67,000 in 1986 to 70,000 in 1987 through 
the addition of a new category of chargeability, an 
unallocated reserve, requiring private sector funding. 
Refugee approvals rose by approximately 18 percent 
from 1986 (52,081) to 1987 (61,529). There were in- 
creases in each of the five areas of chargeability, with 
Europe and the Near East constituting the largest in- 
crements. Within these two areas, the increases in ap- 
provals were concentrated in Iran and the Soviet Union, 
although Vietnam and Laos remained the two leading 
nationalities for refugee approvals, with 18,362 and 
1 7,51 8, respectively. Beginning with data for fiscal year 
1987, refugee arrivals represent those compiled 
through the Nonimmigrant Information System (see 
section on Data Collection). For 1987, this system 
shows 66,803 refugee admissions to the United States. 

Refugee adjustments to lawful permanent resident 
status declined by 8 percent from 1986 (99,383) to 1987 
(91 ,474). For the second year Cuba was the leading 
country of birth, with 26,927 refugee adjustments. A 
new category of refugee adjustment is included in the 
1 987 data— Cuban/Haitian Entrant, created by the Im- 
migration Reform and Control Act of 1986. The law 
authorizes the adjustment of Cubans and Haitians who 
entered the United States prior to January 1 , 1982, pro- 
vided they have resided in the country continuously 
since that date. In fiscal year 1987, 4,634 refugees ad- 
justed status under this provision. Approximately 95 
percent of the cases were Haitians, since Cubans have 
been eligible to adjust under the Cuban Refugee Ad- 
justment Act of 1966. 



U.S. Refugee Policy 

Before each fiscal year, the President, in consultation 
with Congress, reviews the worldwide refugee situation, 
determining the number of refugees in need of reset- 
tlement, those who are of special humanitarian concern 
to the United States, and the authorized number of ad- 
missions for the ensuing fiscal year. The admission ceil- 
ing of 70,000 for 1987 was divided among the 
geographic regions as follows: 



Africa 


2,000 


East Asia 


40,500 


Eastern Europe and U.S.S.R. 


12,300 


Latin America and Caribbean 


1,000 


Near East 


10,200 


Unallocated reserve 


4,000 



The authorized admission levels are the maximum 
number of refugees allowed to enter the United States 
in a fiscal year for each of the geographic areas of 
chargeability. The unallocated reserve was establish- 
ed in 1987 so that additional refugees could be admit- 
ted with private sector funding. To date, the reserve has 
not been used. 

Refugees are processed and approved for admission 
to the United States by Immigration and Naturalization 
Service officers from the Service's fourteen overseas 
offices. In order to qualify for admission to the United 
States as a refugee, each applicant must meet all of 
the following criteria; be a refugee as set forth in the 
Refugee Act of 1980; be among the types of refugees 
determined to be of special humanitarian concern to 
the United States; be admissible under the Immigra- 
tion and Nationality Act; and not be firmly resettled in 
any foreign country. 

Under the Refugee Act of 1980, refugees are eligible 
to adjust to lawful permanent resident status after one 
year of residence in the United States and are exempt 
from the worldwide annual limitation of 270,000 im- 
migrants. Upon adjustment, the date of admission is 
recorded as the date of entry as a refugee, so that the 
length of time spent in refugee status is counted toward 
the residency requirement for naturalization purposes. 



Data Overview 

The United States first recognized refugees for entry 
into the country in fiscal year 1946. Since that time 
there have been many different refugee programs 
enacted on an ad hoc basis, such as the Displaced Per- 
sons Act and the Cuban and Indochinese Refugee Ad- 
justment Acts. During the first decade of refugee pro- 
grams, virtually all refugees entered the United States 
as immigrants. Since 1957, most refugees either have 
been paroled into the United States under special 
authority granted to the Attorney General by the Im- 
migration and Nationality Act, or have entered in 
refugee status, to be adjusted to immigrant status at 
a later date. Chart D depicts initial refugee admissions 
and admissions to lawful permanent resident status for 
the period 1946-87. This graph demonstrates the time 
lag between initial admission and adjustment to im- 
migrant status. At the onset of parole programs there 
generally were no mechanisms for adjustment to per- 
manent status, thus necessitating that special legisla- 
tion be enacted. 

In the 40-year history of U.S. refugee admissions, over 
2.2 million refugees have been granted lawful perma- 
nent resident status in the United States. Concomitant- 
ly, more than 15.2 million immigrants have been ad- 
mitted. For the period 1946-87, the percentage of im- 
migrant admissions composed of refugees was 14.5. 
When the data are examined by continent and coun- 



try, different patterns emerge. The following table 
delineates the number of refugees admitted for the 
1946-87 period, the number of immigrants admitted for 
the period, and the percentage of immigrants admit- 
ted as refugees, by continent. 

Percentage of Immigrant Admissions Composed of 
Refugees, 1946-87 



Continent 


Refugees 


Immigrants 


Percent 


Total 


2,212,891 


15,262,187 


14.5 


Europe 


887,858 


4,599,782 


19.3 


Asia 


812,576 


4,164,938 


19.5 


Africa 


25,812 


262,079 


9.8 


Oceania 


160 


102,833 


.2 


North America 


483,599 


5,264,506 


9.2 


South America 


2,755 


867,400 


.3 


Unknown 


131 


649 


20.2 



Chart E depicts the percentage of total immigrants ad- 
mitted as refugees for the top twenty refugee countries 
of birth for the period 1 946-87. This chart illustrates the 
different types of refugee movements which have oc- 
curred during the period. Refugee flows can be 
categorized into three types of movements — countries 
with high, medium, or low percentages of immigrants 
entering as refugees. The countries with high percen- 
tages are Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Latvia, Lithuania, 
and the Soviet Union, with more than two-thirds of im- 
migrants having been admitted as refugees. The In- 
dochinese countries currently constitute the primary 
source of refugee movements to the United States. 
These countries had little other regular immigration 
prior to the onset of refugee admissions and now have 
small amounts of regular immigration concurrent with 
the refugee flows. The middle range consists of 
Hungary, Cuba, Romania, Yugoslavia, Poland, In- 
donesia, and Czechoslovakia, with refugee admissions 
constituting between 33.3 and 66.7 percent of im- 
migrant admissions. These countries have had more 
long-term flows of both refugees and regular im- 
migrants, as in the case of Cuba. At the low end of the 
scale are Austria, the Netherlands, Iran, Germany, 
Greece, Italy, and China. In these countries, although 
refugee flows may have been large, regular immigra- 
tion has been fairly constant, while some countries 
(Germany, Italy, and China) have been primary sources 
of regular immigrants during a major portion of the 
1946-87 period. 



Data Collection 

The Immigration and Naturalization Service collects 
data on refugees at three points during their process- 
ing: when they apply for refugee status abroad, when 
they are admitted to the United States, and when they 
adjust to lawful permanent resident status. The INS 



Chart D 
Refugee and Asylee Initial Admissions and Admissions to Lawful Permanent Resident Status: 

Fiscal Years 1946-87 



Thousands 



300 



250 



200 



150 



100 



50 



Admissions to lawful permanent resident status 
Initial admissions 




1946 



1950 1955 



1960 



1965 1970 



1975 



1980 



1987 



1949-53 Displaced Persons Act 

1954-57 Refugee Relief Act 

11/56-7/58 Hungarians paroled 

1959 Hungarian adjustments began 

1966-80 Refugee conditional entrants 



Major refugee programs 
1978-84 Indochinese Refugee 

Adjustment Act 
2/70-3/80 Refugee-Parolees admitted 
1/59-3/80 Cubans paroled 
1967 Cuban adjustments began 



3/75-3/80 Indochinese refugees paroled 

1980 Refugee-Parolee adjustments began 
4/80 Refugee Act admissions began 

1981 Refugee Act adjustments began 
4/80-10/80 Mariel boatlift 

1985-87 Mariel adjustments 



NOTE: For the period 1946-56, admissions to lawful permanent resident status and initial admissions were the same. 



overseas offices collect data on applicants for refugee 
status. Each office submits INS Form G-319 (Report 
of Applicants for Refugee Status under Section 207) 
which reports refugee casework by the country to which 
each applicant is chargeable. 

Data on refugee admissions have been collected 
through the Nonimmigrant Information System (NIIS), 
which has been in operation since 1983. The system 
compiles the number of refugee admissions by coun- 
try of citizenship on a monthly basis from INS Form 1-94 
(Arrival/Departure Record) (see Nonimmigrants sec- 
tion). Since NIIS records each entry of a person with 
nonimmigrant status, a refugee traveling abroad and 
returning to the United States may be counted more 
than once during the fiscal year. As a result, the data 
on refugee admissions may overstate the number of 
initial admissions of refugees for a fiscal year. A com- 
parison of NIIS data to data collected by other agen- 



cies shows that for 1987, approximately three percent 
of arrivals are not initial admissions, but are refugees 
returning to the United States. 

Both the Bureau for Refugee Programs (Department 
of State) and the Office of Refugee Resettlement 
(Department of Health and Human Services) also col- 
lect data on refugees admitted to the United States. The 
Bureau for Refugee Programs collects data through the 
Intergovernmental Committee for Migration, which is 
responsible for compiling the total number of refugees 
admitted to the United States. The Office of Refugee 
Resettlement, which is responsible for the disburse- 
ment of funds for refugee benefits, collects detailed 
data on the characteristics of refugees initially admit- 
ted to the United States. 

The Immigration and Naturalization Service collects 
data on refugees adjusting to lawful permanent resi- 



Chart E 
Number and Percent of Immigrants Admitted as Refugees for Top Twenty Refugee Countries 

of Birth: Fiscal Years 1946-87 



Cuba 

Vietnam 

Poland 

Laos 

U.S.S.R. 

Cambodia 

Germany 

Yugoslavia 

Hungary 

Italy 

Romania 

Latvia 

China 

Czechoslovakia 

Greece 

Lithuania 

Iran 

Netherlands 

Indonesia 

Austria 

Thousands 



Percent admitted as refugees 



'^/////////////////A 



te^^^^^^^<:<%^^^^^^^^^^ 




W////////////A 



W^////////, 


E 

1^ 





Immigrants admitted 
as refugees 



■^ 



1 

Total immigrants admitted 




63.4 



110 



220 



330 



440 



550 



660 



770 



NOTE; Germany includes the Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic. China includes Mainland China 
and Taiwan. 

Source: Table 38; immigrant data 1977-87, Table 3; 1946-76, previous yearbooks. 



dent status as part of its immigrant data series gathered 
by the Immigrant Data Capture System (IMDAC). The 
data collected include demographic variables as well 
as immigration- oriented variables (see Immigrants sec- 
tion). This is the only stage in the refugee process 
where the INS collects detailed information about the 
characteristics of refugees in the United States. 



V. Asylees 



The Refugee Act of 1980 regulates U.S. asylum policy 
in addition to governing refugee procedures. The Act, 
for the first time, established a statutory basis for grant- 
ing asylum in the United States consistent with the 1967 
United Nations Protocol on Refugees. The definition 
of an asylee conforms to that of a refugee. The only 
difference is the location of the alien upon application; 
the asylee is in the United States or at a port of entry 
and the refugee is outside the country. 



U.S. Asylum Policy 

Any alien physically present in the United States or at 
a port of entry may request asylum in the United States. 
According to the Refugee Act, current immigration 
status, whether legal or illegal, is not relevant to an in- 
dividual's asylum claim. An alien requesting asylum 
may apply in one of two ways: with an INS district direc- 
tor, or, if apprehended, with an immigration judge in 
a deportation or exclusion hearing. 

Asylum regulations require that an INS officer interview 
each applicant and consult the Bureau of Human 
Rights and Humanitarian Affairs (Department of State) 
for an advisory opinion on every asylum case. There 
are no limits set by law as to the number of Individuals 
who may be granted asylum In the United States in a 
fiscal year. An alien denied asylum by the INS may 
renew the asylum request with an immigration judge 
during a deportation or exclusion hearing. 

According to immigration law, an asylee must reside 
in the United States for one year to be eligible to apply 
for adjustment to lawful permanent resident status. 
Although exempt from the worldwide annual limitation 
of 270,000 Immigrants, only 5,000 asylees may adjust 
each year. One year of the asylee's residence prior to 
adjustment Is counted toward the naturalization 
residency requirement. 

There were two major developments during 1987 af- 
fecting asylum data— the U.S. Supreme Court deci- 
sion in INS V. Cardoza-Fonseca on March 9, 1987 and 
the Attorney General's memorandum regarding 
Nicaraguans in the United States. In Cardoza-Fonseca 
the Supreme Court decided that the United States has 



followed too strict a standard in determining an alien's 
eligibility for asylum. The Court ruled that the proper 
standard for qualifying for asylum is a well-founded fear 
of persecution, rather than the clear probability of 
persecution standard used In determining withholding 
of deportation. An alien should be eligible for considera- 
tion for asylum if his or her fear of persecution is 
reasonable. However, an applicant who establishes a 
reasonable possibility of persecution is not automatical- 
ly entitled to asylum in the United States, since the 
granting of asylum remains at the discretion of the At- 
torney General. 

On July 8, 1 987, the Attorney General issued guidelines 
to the INS concerning Nicaraguans living in the United 
States. The memorandum was issued to ensure that 
individuals with a well-founded fear of persecution in 
Nicaragua be allowed to remain in the United States 
for the present time and be allowed to support 
themselves while here. Additionally, those Nicaraguans 
who were denied asylum were encouraged to reapply 
for reopening of their claims, in light of the Cardoza- 
Fonseca decision. Although the memorandum specified 
Nicaraguans, it actually was a restatement of immigra- 
tion policy applicable to all nationalities. 



Data Overview 

In fiscal year 1987 asylum applications Increased by 
38.2 percent over 1986, from 18,889 to 26,107 cases 
filed, f^ore than 55 percent of the rise occurred In the 
fourth quarter of the year (July through September 
1987) and more than 85 percent was due to an Increase 
in applications from Nicaraguans. It would appear that 
the Attorney General's guidelines of July 1 987 were in- 
strumental in driving the influx of applications filed. For 
the first time in the last five years, Iran was not the 
leading nationality for individuals granted asylum. 
Nicaragua led with 2,213 individuals, while Iran follow- 
ed with 1 ,346. 

For the fourth straight fiscal year, asylee adjustments 
to lawful permanent resident status reached the 5,000 
annual limit. Iran remained the leading country of birth 
with over 60 percent of the adjustments; Nicaragua 
became the second leading country with more than 1 
percent; Poland dropped to third with under 7 percent. 
Since there is an increasing number of approved 
asylees in the United States (those approved either by 
the INS or by immigration judges), asylee adjustments 
are expected to continue to reach the 5,000 limit. 



Data Collection 

The data on asylum applicants reflect those cases fil- 
ed with INS district directors as reported on INS Form 
G-23.3 Supplement A (Asylum Cases Filed with District 
Directors Pursuant to Section 208 INA). Each office 



reports asylum casework according to the nationality 
of asylum applicants. In addition to cases granted, the 
number of individuals covered by those cases is col- 
lected, since one case may cover more than one per- 
son. Data on asylum applicants have been collected 
by the INS for selected nationalities since July 1980, 
and since June 1983 for all nationalities. 

As with refugees, the Immigration and Naturalization 
Service collects data on asylees adjusting to lawful per- 
manent resident status in the Immigrant Data Capture 
System (IMDAC) (see Immigrants section). Adjustment 
to immigrant status is the only point at which detailed 
characteristics of asylees are collected. 



Limitations of Data 

Data on applicants for asylum collected by the Immigra- 
tion and Naturalization Service cover only cases filed 
with the INS. The data do not cover those cases filed 
by apprehended aliens or the cases denied by the INS 
which were renewed with immigration judges, who are 
part of the Executive Office of Immigration Review in 
the Department of Justice. However, the data collected 
by the INS at the time asylees adjust to permanent resi- 
dent status cover aliens previously granted asylum by 
either district directors or immigration judges. 



VI. Nonimmigrants 



A nonimmigrant is an alien admitted to the United 
States for a specified temporary period of time but not 
for permanent residence. While the typical nonim- 
migrant is a tourist who visits for a few days to several 
months, there are numerous classes of nonimmigrant 
admission, ranging from students to ambassadors. A 
total of 12.3 million nonimmigrant admissions were 
counted during fiscal year 1987. This represents an in- 
crease over 1986 of almost two million (17.2 percent). 
This is the largest number of nonimmigrants admitted 
to the United States in any year, exceeding 1981 and 
1982, when almost 12 million nonimmigrants were 
admitted. 



Nonimmigrant Admission 

Nonimmigrants were first defined in the Immigration Act 
of 1 81 9, but it was the Act of 1 855 which first required 
that official reports show "temporary arrivals" separate- 
ly. The Act of 1924 defined several specific classes of 
admission which have been expanded in subsequent 
immigration acts. Though "tourists" (temporary visitors 
for pleasure) have consistently been by far the most 
numerous nonimmigrant class of admission to the 



United States, a wide variety of temporary visitors now 
fall within the nonimmigrant classification. Second in 
volume to tourists are business people coming to the 
United States to engage in commercial transactions 
(though not for employment in the United States). Other 
categories of admission make up a much smaller share 
of nonimmigrants, such as foreign students and tem- 
porary workers. Nonimmigrants in the latter category 
are admitted to the United States to perform services 
of an exceptional nature requiring distinguished merit 
and ability (such as athletes or entertainers) or to per- 
form temporary services or labor when unemployed 
persons capable of performing such services or labor 
cannot be found in this country (such as agricultural 
laborers). Also granted authorization to work in the 
United States are exchange visitors who enter this 
country temporarily to study, teach, or conduct 
research; intracompany transferees, to render tem- 
porary managerial or executive services in the United 
States to international firms or corporations; and in- 
dustrial trainees. Though not strictly considered as 
employed in the United States, treaty traders and treaty 
investors enter temporarily to conduct trade or to 
substantially invest in enterprises under the provisions 
of treaties of commerce and navigation between the 
United States and foreign states. 

Nonimmigrants also include several types of temporary 
visitors who are connected in some way with a foreign 
government or who represent an international organiza- 
tion. Ambassadors, public ministers, diplomats, and 
consular officers serve temporarily in this country bring- 
ing with them members of their immediate families as 
well as employees, attendants, and servants. Officers 
and employees of international organizations such as 
the United Nations add to the list of nonimmigrants 
entering the United States each year. The Glossary 
contains a detailed definition of nonimmigrants, a listing 
of each of the nonimmigrant classes of admission, and 
a detailed definition of each class. 

For most nonimmigrant classes of admission there has 
been an "open door" policy by the U.S. government. 
There are no restrictions on the total number of admis- 
sions in any given year; indeed, tourists (the majority 
of nonimmigrants) are encouraged to visit as a boon 
to the U.S. economy. Strict rules do apply, however, 
regarding the grounds for nonimmigrant admission; 
regulations, likewise, govern such areas as length and 
extension of stay, employment in the United States, ac- 
companiment by family members, travel restrictions 
within the United States, and change of admission 
status. For example, ambassadors are allowed to re- 
main in the United States for the duration of their ser- 
vice, students to complete their studies, visitors for 
business for a maximum of six months (plus six-month 
extensions), and aliens in transit through the United 
States not more then twenty-nine days (with no exten- 
sions). Most nonimmigrants are not allowed gainful 



employment while in the United States, though excep- 
tions may be granted for example, to students and to 
family members of international representatives. On the 
other hand, temporary workers come to the United 
States expressly for purposes of employment. Most 
nonimmigrant aliens may bring immediate family 
members with them; the exception is transit aliens other 
than foreign government officials. Transit aliens and 
fiances(ees) coming to the United States to marry U.S. 
citizens are the only nonimmigrants who are prohibited 
from changing to another nonimmigrant category while 
in this country. 

The Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 revis- 
ed the existing nonimmigrant class of admission for 
temporary workers. Temporary workers allowed to 
enter the United States to perform labor or services (if 
unemployed persons capable of performing such labor 
or services cannot be found in this country) were divid- 
ed into two categories: those to perform temporary 
agricultural labor or services (as defined by the 
Secretary of Labor) and those to perform other tem- 
porary labor or services. Data for these revised classes 



of admission are not available separately for most of 
fiscal year 1987. Therefore, data are not shown 
separately for these categories for nonimmigrant data 
(see Changes in Immigration Law section). 



Data Overview 

Slightly fewer than 1 2.3 million nonimmigrants arrived 
in the United States in fiscal year 1987 (Table 41). Of 
this total, a large majority (72.4 percent) entered as 
tourists, with the next highest class of admission, tem- 
porary visitors for business, accounting for only 17.4 
percent. More than 262,000 foreign students entered 
the United States to pursue a full course of study 
(predominantly in academic institutions) accompanied 
by 26,000 spouses and children. In addition, 148,000 
entered as exchange visitors to study, teach, or con- 
duct research in the United States, bringing with them 
35,000 spouses and children. 

Nonimmigrant entering the United States in 1987 to 
represent foreign governments amounted to 163,000 



Chart F 
Nonimmigrants Admitted by Selected Class of Admission from Top Ten Countries of Citizenship: 

Fiscal Year 1987 




Visitors for pleasure 

■ Visitors for business 
□ Other 



WWM 






\ 



<5l 



\ 






Source; Table 42. 



(about 1 .3 percent of total entries). This figure consists 
or nearly 92,000 foreign government officials, families, 
and attendants (including ambassadors, public 
ministers, career diplomats, and consular officers), over 
57,000 foreign representatives, families, and attendants 
to international organizations, almost 7,000 foreign 
government officials and families in transit through the 
United States, and over 7,000 officials and family 
members serving the North Atlantic Treaty Organiza- 
tion (NATO). 

Nearly 45 percent of ail nonimmigrants entering the 
United States in 1987 were citizens of only four coun- 
tries: Japan (17.5 percent), the United Kingdom (12.3), 
the Federal Republic of Germany (7.7), and Mexico 
(7.3). Tourists far outnumbered other classes of entry 
for almost every country of citizenship (Chart F). More 
than 82 percent of Japanese nonimmigrants were 
tourists, compared to fewer than 71 percent of citizens 
of the United Kingdom, and only 35 percent of Chinese 
(Mainland China and Taiwan) (Table 41). Just as four 
countries dominated nonimmigrant admissions to the 
United States in 1987, so did four ports of entry. New 
York (25.3 percent), Miami (15.9), Los Angeles (10.9), 



and Honolulu (10.2) together accounted for more than 
62 percent of all entrants (Table 44). 

As noted, the 1987 total of 12.3 million nonimmigrant 
arrivals represents an increase of almost two million 
(17.2 percent) from the previous fiscal year. Total ad- 
missions numbered about 6.3 million during 1975 and 
steadily increased to about 11.8 million in both 1981 
and 1982. Total arrivals stabilized at about 9.5 million 
from 1 983 to 1 985 after the downturn in 1 983 (Chart G). 

The ovc.-::!l vcljrr.. _f r.onirr.r.-;^.-..: arri. Jo !.v— ,.>.ar- 
ly doubled since 1975. Table E shows the countries of 
last residence which increased the most during the 
period 1975-87. Visitors (mostly for pleasure) from 
Japan, the United Kingdom, and Germany show by far 
the largest absolute increases. The Bahamas ranks 
very high, due mainly to a high volume of repeat visits 
throughout the period. Canada and Mexico do not ap- 
pear on this list because most of the millions of visitors 
from these contiguous countries enter under expedited 
procedures and do not require visas or INS Form l-94s 
(Arrival/Departure Record) when entering the United 
States (see section on Data Collection). 



Chart G 
Nonimmigrants Admitted: Fiscal Years 1975-87 



Millions 
13 



11 




§ 


k 


J 


1 


^■^1 


1 


'^^ 


HBH 


■ 



1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 



NOTE; Partial data available for 1979 and no data available for 1980. 

Source: Table 43. 

xxxii 



Table E 

Nonimmigrants Admitted from Top Fifteen Countries of Last Residence in Fiscal Year 1987, 

Ranked by Amount of Increase Since Fiscal Year 1975 

(Numbers in thousands) 



Country of last residence 


1987 


1975 


Increase 


Country of last residence 


1987 


1975 


Increase 


1) Japan 


2,123 


792 


1,331 


10) Brazil 


255 


99 


156 


2) United Kingdom 


1,389 


483 


906 


11) Netherlands 


206 


79 


127 


3) Germany 


940 


320 


620 


12) Sweden 


182 


57 


125 


4) France 


567 


174 


393 


13) Israel 


148 


51 


97 


5) Italy 


338 


113 


225 


14) Jamaica 


174 


77 


97 


6) The Bahamas 


289 


85 


204 


15) Spain 


142 


47 


95 


7) China 


202 


20 


182 


Other 


4,803 


3,695 


1,108 


8) Switzerland 


236 


71 


165 










9) Australia 


278 


121 


157 


Total 


12,272 


6,284 


5,988 



NOTE: China includes Mainland China and Taiwan. Germany includes Federal Republic and Democratic Republic. 
Source: Table 41 . 



Admissions have shown a high degree of seasonality, 
with most nonimmigrants arriving in the United States 
in the summer months (peaking in July) and with a 
lesser but noticeable secondary peal< in December. The 
trends for 1 984 through 1987 are illustrated in Chart H. 



Data Collection 

The Nonimmigrant Information System (NIIS) is an im- 
portant component of the Servicewide automation that 
has occurred during the past seven years. The system, 
now in its sixth year of operation, is designed to pro- 
vide for each nonimmigrant a record of legal admission, 
record the departure of each nonimmigrant, and to pro- 
vide statistics for such variables as age, country of 
citizenship, class of admission, visa-issuing post, port 
of entry, and destination in the United States. Many 
nonimmigrants enter and leave the United States more 
than once each year and the NIIS system records each 
entry separately. The system is the largest in the INS 
with an active data base of over twenty-five million 
records and an additional "archive" of around twenty- 
five million. 

Arriving foreign students were included in the NIIS 
system during its first two years of operation; however, 
arrival forms for this nonimmigrant class are now pro- 
cessed in a separate automated system, the Stu- 
dent/School System (STSC), designed to produce 
detailed statistics on foreign-student arrivals, depar- 



tures, and the foreign- student population in the United 
States. 

An understanding of the principal steps in the process 
of nonimmigrant admission to the United States is 
useful for understanding the data produced by the 
NIIS/STSC systems. First, a nonimmigrant visa is 
secured at a U.S. Consulate abroad. Prior to departing 
for the United States, nonimmigrants are screened in- 
itially by the transportation company to assure ad- 
missibility. During the trip INS Form 1-94 is distributed 
to non-U. S. citizens. At the port of entry, each arriving 
nonimmigrant presents a visa and a completed Form 
1-94 to an immigration inspector. Among other actions, 
the inspector checks the form for completeness, deter- 
mines the length of admission, and stamps the class 
of admission and port of entry on the form. The arrival 
portion is torn off, retained by the inspector, and sent 
to a central data processing facility. The matching 
departure section of the form, usually stapled into the 
passport, is the nonimmigrant's proof of legal admis- 
sion to the United States. This section of Form 1-94, col- 
lected at departure, is also sent to the data processing 
facility where it is processed and matched to the ar- 
rival section of the form. 

The Nonimmigrant Information System also includes 
information on parolees (entering for humanitarian, 
medical, or legal reasons), withdrawals, stowaways, 
deferred inspections (admitted to appear at an INS of- 
fice where formal inspection can be completed), and 
refugees. Data on refugees are also available from 



Visitors for pleasure 



'\ 



■-/ 



K 

I \ 

I \ 
I \ 
I \ 

/ \ A 

Visitors for business 



/\ 
/ \ 

/ \ 
/ \ 

' \ 



Chart H 
Nonimmigrants Admitted by Selected Class and Month of Admission: Calendar Years 1984-87 

Thousands 

1,300 — 

h 
1,200 

1,100 

1,000 

900 

800 

700 

600 

500 

400 

300 

200 

100 




\ 



V l; 



Is/ 



l\ 
l\ 

\ I \ 






Other 



./ 



Jan. 



July 
1984 



I 

Jan. 



July 
1985 



Jan. 



July 
1986 



Jan. 



July 
1987 



Jan. 



separate data systems (see Refugees section). Data 
for these classes of admission are not shown in the 
nonimmigrant tables but are included in summary form 
in footnotes to the appropriate tables. 

The Nonimmigrant Information System does not in- 
clude data for permanent resident aliens returning after 
short visits abroad who are technically defined as 
nonimmigrants, or for most of the millions of citizens 
of Canada and Mexico who cross the border for brief 
periods of time. Most aliens entering the United States 
from Canada or Mexico do not require any documen- 
tation; Canadians may travel for business or pleasure 
without travel restrictions for a period of six months 
without requiring nonimmigrant visas; Mexicans cross- 
ing the border frequently may apply for border cross- 
ing cards which can be used for admission to the United 
States for business or pleasure within twenty-five miles 
of the Southwestern border for a period not to exceed 
seventy-two hours. The procedures used to count 
border crossers and to determine the citizen/alien 
breakdown vary significantly among ports (see Entries 
section). 



Limitations of Data 

While the development of the current NIIS/STSC data 
base systems produced a marked improvement begin- 
ning in 1983 for the collection and dissemination of data 
on nonimmigrant arrivals and departures, collection 
and update procedures create inherent problems and 
limitations in the data. As alluded to earlier, the data 
systems record arrivals via collection of INS Form 1-94; 
thus, data represent each arrival event during the year 
rather than the actual number of individuals admitted. 
Nonimmigrants in several classes of admission, 
especially students and visitors for business, often ex- 
ecute multiple entries in any given year. 

Recording departures is a major area of concern within 
the data systems. While nearly all of the arrivals are 
recorded in the systems, the collection rate for depar- 
tures, especially at land borders, is considerably lower. 
This arises predominantly from the fact that arriving 
nonimmigrants are universally inspected by immigra- 
tion inspectors, at which time Form 1-94 is collected, 
while departure forms are less likely to be collected. 



At air terminals, through which ninety percent of visitors 
depart, the representative of the air carrier rather than 
an INS official has responsibility for the collection of 
the departure portion of Form 1-94. At land borders 
there is often no arrangement for the collection of the 
document. This inconsistency in the collection process 
is a source of "system error" when arhval and depar- 
ture records are matched, giving the false indication 
that many more visitors overstay their period of admis- 
sion than actually do. 

Finally, there are gaps in the historical nonimmigrant 
data series due to the unavailability of arrival and depar- 
ture records for July to September 1979, all of 1980, 
and for most characteristics for 1981 and 1982. Data 
for country of last residence and class of admission are 
the only variables available for 1981 and 1982. 



VII. Naturalizations 



Naturalization refers to the conferring of U.S. citizen- 
ship by a naturalization court or, if the alien is outside 



the United States, by a representative of the Immigra- 
tion and Naturalization Service. As part of the 
naturalization process, applicants pledge an oath of 
allegiance to the United States, thereby renouncing 
allegiance to their former countries of nationality. 

During fiscal year 1987 the Immigration and Nationali- 
ty Act was amended by Public Law 99-653, effective 
November 14, 1986, to allow foreign- born children 
adopted by U.S. citizens to derive U.S. citizenship, 
rather than being required to naturalize to attain U.S. 
citizenship. For the derivation to occur, the adopting 
parents must request a certificate of citizenship from 
the Immigration and Naturalization Service. Upon is- 
suance of the certificate, the child is a U.S. citizen. This 
provision is an alternative to the judicial naturalization 
procedure for children of U.S. citizens, and, as such, 
provides for expeditiously granting citizenship to 
adopted children. 

In fiscal year 1987, 227,008 persons naturalized to 
become U.S. citizens, a 19 percent decrease from the 
280,623 persons naturalized in 1986. In fiscal year 
1986, the largest number of naturalizations were con- 
ferred since 1 944 (Chart I). The three leading countries 
of birth remained constant from 1986 to 



Chart I 
Persons Naturalized by Provision of Law: Fiscal Years 1908-87 



Thousands 



375 



General 
provisions 

Special provisions 
and unknown 



300 



225 



150 



75 




1908 



1918 



1928 1938 



1948 



1958 



1968 



1978 1987 



Source: Tables 47 and 48. 



1987— Vietnam, the Philippines, and Mexico. Nearly 52 
percent of the persons naturalized in 1987 were born 
in Asia, a slight increase over 1986, when approximate- 
ly 50 percent were Asian by birth. This composition con- 
stitutes the largest percentage of Asian naturalizations 
ever recorded. 



Naturalization Policy 

in order to naturalize, an immigrant must fulfill certain 
requirements set forth in the Immigration and Nationali- 
ty Act concerning age, lawful admission, and residence 
in the United States. Additional requirements include 
the ability to speak, read, and write the English 
language; knowledge of the U.S. government and U.S. 
history; and having good character. The general 
naturalization provisions specify that an alien must fulfill 



the following conditions: be at least eighteen years of 
age; have been lawfully admitted to the United States 
for permanent residence; and have resided in the coun- 
try continuously for at least five years. These minimum 
requirements must be met for an alien to be considered 
for naturalization under the general provisions of im- 
migration law. Over eighty-five percent of immigrants 
currently naturalize under the general provisions. The 
remaining immigrants who naturalize do so under the 
special provisions of the law (Chart I). 

The special provisions of naturalization law exempt 
aliens from one or more of the requirements of the 
general provisions. Spouses and children of U.S. 
citizens and military classes constitute the main special 
naturalization categories. The majority of people 
naturalizing as spouses of U.S. citizens may do so in 
three years rather than the prescribed five years re- 



Chart J 
Persons Naturalized by Decade and Selected Region of Birth: Fiscal Years 1951-87 



1951-60 



2.0% 




1961-70 

2.2% 1 1 1.5% 



1971-80 



5.3% 



2.3% 




LJ Europe 

VA Asia 

Ellii North America 

^ South America 

D other 




1981-87 

6.1% 1 1 2.8% 




Source; 1987, Table 56; 1951-86. previous yearbooks. 

xxxvi 



quired under the general provisions. Children who im- 
migrate with their parents generally do not naturalize, 
but derive their U.S. citizenship through the naturaliza- 
tion of their parents. Children adopted by U.S. citizens 
may naturalize to become U.S. citizens, although they 
are no longer required to do so, since they are eligible 
to derive U.S. citizenship. These children may 
naturalize prior to reaching age eighteen with no 
residency requirements necessary after having been 
admitted for lawful permanent residence. Aliens who 
served honorably during World War I, World War II, the 
Korean Conflict, the Vietnam Conflict, or the Grenada 
Campaign, under certain conditions, may naturalize 
without prior admission to permanent resident status. 
Also, they need not have resided in the country for a 
particular length of time. Although there are other 
special naturalization categories, those specified above 
currently account for over ninety percent of the 
naturalizations under special provisions. 

Every applicant for naturalization in the United States 
must file an application for naturalization: Form N-400 
(Application to File Petition for Naturalization) or Form 
N-402 (Application to File Petition for Naturalization in 
Behalf of Child). All aliens filing these applications who 
appear to meet the naturalization requirements must 
be interviewed by an INS officer to determine their 
eligibility to naturalize. During the interview the officer 
discerns the applicant's knowledge and understanding 
of the English language as well as of the history and 
government of the United States. Those applicants 
found qualified are scheduled for a final hearing before 
a judge who performs the naturalization ceremony. 



Data Overview 

As the sending areas of immigrants admitted to the 
United States have shifted, so have the origins of per- 
sons naturalized. Data by region of birth indicate that 
major changes have occurred between 1951 and 1987 
(Chart J). Naturalizations for Europe, the leading region 



through 1970, declined by over seventy percent from 
the 1950s through the 1980s, while naturalizations for 
all other regions combined nearly tripled during the 
same period. The Immigration and Nationality Act of 
1952 removed all racial restrictions on naturalization, 
thus allowing increases in naturalizations for regions 
other than Europe. Asia has become the leading region 
of birth representing nearly fifty percent of all naturaliza- 
tions for the 1981-87 period. The predominance of Asia 
as the region of origin for naturalizations echoes the 
increase in immigration from Asia as a result of the 
Immigration and Nationality Act Amendments of 1965 
and the arrival of Indochinese refugees beginning in 
1975. 

Since most naturalizations occur under the general pro- 
visions of naturalization law, the majority of aliens 
naturalizing must have resided in the United States for 
at least five years as lawful permanent residents. The 
median number of years of residence for the total 
naturalized population has remained fairly constant 
over the last thirty years, at about eight years. Major 
differences, however, are evident among regions 
(Table F). 

Median lengths of residence in 1987 ranged from seven 
years (Asia and Africa) to twelve years (North America). 
Historically, there have been shifts in the median years 
of residence, as with Europe, North America, and South 
America. In general, however, Asians and Africans tend 
to naturalize soon after they are eligible to do so, while 
aliens from other regions remain in the United States 
as lawful permanent residents for longer periods of time 
prior to naturalizing. 

Data on naturalizations by selected country of birth for 
the 1970-79 immigrant cohort reveal major differences 
in naturalization rates by country (Chart K). The 
naturalization rates range from Canada, with 9.7 per- 
cent of the immigrant cohort having naturalized through 
fiscal year 1987, to Vietnam with 66.0 percent. Of the 
15 leading immigrant- sending countries for the 1970-79 
period, Asian countries have the highest naturalization 



Table F 

Median Years of Residence by Year of Naturalization and Region of 

Birth: Selected Fiscal Years 1960-87 



Region of birth 


1987 


1980 


1975 


1970 


1965 


1960 


Persons naturalized 


8 


8 


7 


8 


7 


8 


Europe 


9 


10 


8 


9 


7 


7 


Asia 


7 


7 


6 


6 


6 


6 


Africa 


7 


7 


6 


6 


6 


6 


Oceania 


9 


8 


7 


9 


8 


10 


North America 


12 


11 


9 


7 


9 


10 


South America 


9 


9 


10 


7 


7 


7 



Source: 1987, Table 56; 1960-80, previous yearbooks. 



Chart K 

Immigrants Admitted, Calendar Years 1970-79 by Selected Country of Birth 

and Naturalizations of those Immigrants: Fiscal Years 1970-87 



Mexico 

Philippines 

Cuba 

Korea 

China 

India 

Vietnam 

Dominican Rep. 

Italy 

Jamaica 

United Kingdom 

Canada 

Portugal 

Greece 

Colombia 

Thousands 




100 



Persons naturalized 



Immigrants admitted 



200 



300 



400 



500 



Percent 
Naturalized 

10.5 
58.8 
24.8 
53.7 
59.7 
44.1 
66.0 
17.3 
20.2 
25.7 
16.9 
9.7 
23.7 
34.8 
26.5 

600 



NOTE: China includes Mainland China and Taiwan. 



rates. In addition to Vietnam, China (Mainland and 
Taiwan) (59.7 percent), the Philippines (58.8), Korea 
(53.7), and India (44.1) are the countries with the 
highest rates of naturalization. The two countries with 
the lowest rates are contiguous to the United States — 
Canada and Mexico (10.5 percent). Other countries 
within North America have higher rates of naturaliza- 
tion, such as Cuba (24.8 percent) and Jamaica (25.7 
percent). European naturalization rates range from 16.9 
percent for the United Kingdom to 34.8 percent for 
Greece. The data by country are consistent with the 
data on median years of residence by region, which 
show that, as a group, Asians and Africans naturalize 
more quickly than persons from other regions. 



Data Collection 

Data on persons naturalized in the United States are 
collected by approximately sixty-five INS offices where 
aliens intending to naturalize may file their applications. 
The INS collects two types of data on naturalizations: 
workload statistics and data on the characteristics of 
aliens who have naturalized. The workload data con- 
sist of the number of naturalization applications 
received, the number of petitions filed with courts, as 



well as the number of aliens naturalized during a fiscal 
year. These data are collected by each INS office as 
part of the Service's work measurement data (see 
Entries section). 

Data on the characteristics of aliens naturalized in a 
fiscal year also are collected by INS offices where aliens 
file their naturalization applications. These detailed 
characteristics are collected either through the manual 
coding of data from the naturalization application or 
through the automated Naturalization Casework 
System (NACS), an application tracking system which 
has been implemented in several of the larger INS of- 
fices. The data collected on aliens naturalized include 
demographic variables (e.g., date and country of birth, 
sex, marital status, and occupation) as well as 
immigration-oriented variables (e.g., date of admission 
for permanent residence and section of naturalization 
law). 



Limitations of Data 

In addition to birth in the United States, there are four 
ways of becoming a U.S. citizen, including: naturaliza- 
tion in a court ceremony; derivation through the 



XXXVIII 



naturalization of parents; acquisition at birth abroad to 
citizen parents; and legislation naturalizing certain 
groups of persons. Data on naturalizations collected 
by the INS cover those aliens who have naturalized in 
court ceremonies each fiscal year. Individuals who have 
derived or acquired citizenship are included in the data 
collected by the INS. Aliens who become U.S. citizens 
through the legislative process are not covered by data 
collected by the INS. A recent example of the legislative 
procedure occurred upon the dissolution of the Trust 
Territory of the Pacific through which the Northern 
Mariana Islands became a commonwealth of the United 
States, making its residents U.S. citizens. 

The data on naturalizations reported in the Statistical 
yearbook of the INS are based on the number of ac- 
tual naturalizations for which detailed characteristics 
are available. A second figure for naturalizations 
generally is reported in the Annual Report of the INS. 
The latter figure is the number compiled from the Ser- 
vice's workload measurement system, which 
represents only an approximation of naturalizations ap- 
proved during a fiscal year. The workload data are 
released as preliminary numbers used principally for 
budget and planning purposes. For 1 987 the workload 
data reported that 273,649 naturalizations were 
approved during the fiscal year, while the characteris- 
tics data indicated that 227,008 persons were actually 
naturalized. 

In recent years there have been problems with the com- 
pleteness of data collected on derivative citizenship. 
Those INS offices which have NACS, in some in- 
stances, have not used the system for processing 
derivative casework, nor have the required data been 
processed through other means. Additionally, coding 
backlogs in nonautomated offices have caused severe 
deficiencies in the data on derivative citizenship col- 
lected by the INS. Therefore, since fiscal year 1984, 
data on derivative citizenship have not been published. 

A second problem exists with the data collected on 
derivative citizenship in that the data have not includ- 
ed all individuals deriving or acquiring citizenship. 
Rather, the data have covered only those persons who 
have requested and been issued certificates of citizen- 
ship, regardless of when U.S. citizenship was derived 
or acquired. A person may request a certificate at any 
time after derivation, or may never request one. The 
resulting data only relate to the administrative function 
of issuing certificates of citizenship. The naturalization 
data, therefore, are underreported. The INS is design- 
ing a new procedure for collecting complete statistics 
on derivative citizenship to correct these problems. The 
new collection system is expected to begin operation 
in October 1988. 



VIII. Enforcement 



This section covers a variety of actions that the Im- 
migration and Naturalization Service groups as enforce- 
ment; apprehensions, expulsions, and exclusions. Ap- 
prehensions are arrests of aliens in violation of the Im- 
migration and Nationality Act. If an alien is to be re- 
moved from the country, that removal may be effected 
by one of several means. The best known is deporta- 
tion; however, most aliens are actually removed under 
a process called "voluntary departure with 
safeguards". Under this procedure an alien admits to 
illegal status and agrees to leave the United States. The 
alien further agrees to remain in custody until depar- 
ture, which is observed by an officer of the INS. If the 
alien refuses the offer of voluntary departure, or if no 
such offer is made, the alien is entitled to a hearing and 
is placed under "docket control" (an INS office takes 
control of the processing of the case and a file is 
created on the alien). An officer documents the grounds 
for deportability and prepares a case that may even- 
tually be argued before an immigration judge. During 
this process an alien may be offered voluntary depar- 
ture and, if accepted, the expulsion is known as a "re- 
quired departure under docket control". In some cases 
the offer of voluntary departure will not or cannot be 
made; those cases may result in deportation. Other 
possible outcomes include adjustment to a legal status, 
a stay of deportation (such as the stays currently given 
to Polish nationals and others), or an alien who 
absconds. A deported alien may not be admitted to the 
United States for a period of five years after deporta- 
tion unless the Attorney General grants a waiver of the 
prohibition. An apprehended alien who accepts the of- 
fer of voluntary departure and pays the expense of 
departing can be legally admitted in the future without 
penalty. 

The Immigration and Naturalization Service has the in- 
itial responsibility for determining who may be admit- 
ted to the United States. In the past, the Statistical Year- 
book included statistics for only those aliens who had 
been denied entry after a formal exclusion hearing 
before an immigration judge. However, the overwhelm- 
ing number of aliens who fail to gain admission are 
those who withdraw their application during the inspec- 
tion process after the INS presents evidence that they 
are inadmissible to the United States. Large numbers 
of aliens withdraw during primary inspection and even 
larger numbers withdraw during secondary inspection. 

Apprehensions 

The Immigration and Naturalization Service recorded 
slightly more than 22 million apprehensions from 1951 
through 1987. Apprehensions increased dramatically 



Chart L 
Aliens Apprehended: Fiscal Years 1951-87 



Thousands 




1951 1955 



1960 



1965 



1970 



1975 



1980 



1987 



Source: Table 59. 



during the 1970s, reaching a total of 8.3 million for the 
decade. Apprehensions continued to increase during 
the 1980s, with fiscal year 1986 establishing an 
historical high of 1.8 million. In 1987, apprehensions 
returned to the level recorded in 1983-84 (Chart L). 
The INS statistics on apprehensions include individuals 
who have been apprehended more than once during 
the reporting year. 

Through fiscal year 1986, the INS data on apprehen- 
sions included very little demographic data. For exam- 
ple, only incomplete information was available about 
the age-sex distribution, occupation, or nationality of 
apprehended aliens. In order to improve these 
statistics, the INS began to compile data from Form 
1-213 (Record of Deportable Alien) which it completes 
for each apprehended alien. A pilot test in March 1 986 
demonstrated that useful information could be com- 
piled from a sample of these forms and the sample was 
begun on a regular basis in November 1986. 

Data on age and sex are recorded on Form 1-213. The 
sample data show that nonMexicans apprehended in 
fiscal year 1987 were slightly older than apprehended 
Mexicans; the median ages were 25.5 and 22.5 years, 
respectively. Apprehended Mexicans were overwhelm- 



ingly male (90 percent). Among nonMexicans more 
males than females were apprehended, but the propor- 
tion of women was substantially higher. For example, 
28 percent of Salvadorans were female as were 23 per- 
cent of Hondurans, 46 percent of Nicaraguans, and 42 
percent of Colombians. 

The work experience of apprehended aliens would be 
of interest for examining the labor market impact of il- 
legal immigration. Unfortunately, most 1-213 forms are 
not specific about the work status of apprehended 
aliens because most aliens are apprehended by the 
Border Patrol as they cross the border. These aliens 
generally claim to be seeking work and are most often 
recorded simply as "laborers". 

In fiscal year 1987 the INS began collecting and re- 
porting the nationality and other information about each 
apprehended alien. The 1987 data included 131 
nationalities. Aliens from Mexico dominated the 
statistics on apprehensions, accounting for 96 percent 
of the total. The largest numbers of apprehensions for 
other nationalities were El Salvador, Guatemala, 
Canada, Nicaragua, Colombia, and Honduras. 

One problem with the current data is that it is not possi- 



xl 



ble to link apprehensions with dispositions (expulsion, 
adjustment of status, etc.). Expulsion proceedings take 
time, and final disposition of the case may occur in 
some later fiscal year. An automated case tracking 
system is in the planning stage; therefore, in future 
years it might be possible to link apprehensions with 
dispositions. 



Expulsions 

Many of the tables in this Statistical Yearbool< treat 
deportations and required departures separately. Since 
both are expulsions, this description will treat them 
together. The INS enumerates the third and largest 
category of expulsions, voluntary departure under 
safeguard, for workload management purposes and lit- 
tle information is available on this group. The bulk of 
these removals are of Mexican nationals who are 
returned across the southern border soon after their 
apprehension. 

This Vearboo/c includes two tables (63 and 66) that 
show the calendar year of actual expulsion. Tables in 
yearbooks before 1986 display only statistics for the 
fiscal year of verification of expulsion. 

Expulsions under docket control 
(Calendar year, actual) 



countries; 37 had more than 100 expulsions each. Mex- 
ican nationals were by far the most numerous, ac- 
counting for 44.8 percent of all expulsions under docket 
control. The top 10 nationalities accounted for 81 .5 per- 
cent of all expulsions: 



1980 


58,360 


1981 


68,952 


1982 


61 ,948 


1983 


59,249 


1984 


55,236 


1985 


60,247 


1986 


43,950 


1987 


31,102 



If statistics on all voluntary departures were included, 
the figures above would be much higher. For instance, 
in 1987 voluntary departures under safeguard 
numbered almost 1.1 million. 

A relatively large number of expulsions are recorded 
for certain nationalities. There are four basic patterns 
to the expulsion history of these nationalities. Several 
have demonstrated fairly steady declines in the number 
of expulsions: The United Kingdom, Iran, Mexico, 
Canada, and the Philippines. Some nationalities had 
a peak number of expulsions in 1985: Jamaica, Col- 
ombia, the Dominican Republic, and Haiti. Two reach- 
ed a peak in 1 985 and appear to be holding at that level: 
Guatemala and Honduras. Two had peaks in the early 
1980s, a decline thereafter, and a resurgence in 1985 
and 1986: El Salvador and Ecuador. 

In 1986, the last year for which reasonably complete 
data are available, the INS expelled aliens from 144 



Country 


Number 


Percent of total 


Mexico 


19,682 


44.8 


El Salvador 


5,765 


13.1 


Guatemala 


3,285 


7.5 


Colombia 


2,210 


5.0 


Honduras 


1,422 


3.2 


Dominican Republic 


877 


2.0 


Haiti 


753 


1.7 


Philippines 


670 


1.5 


Jamaica 


638 


1.5 


Canada 


517 


1.2 



The data on expulsions (under docket control) reported 
in this and other Statistical Yearbooks must be used 
cautiously. One problem is the time lags in reporting 
expulsions. This time lag is different for deportations 
and required departures. Slightly more than 93 percent 
of deportations recorded in fiscal year 1987 actually oc- 
curred in that fiscal year; 6 percent were in fiscal year 
1986 and the rest occurred earlier. Only 60 percent of 
the required departures recorded in fiscal year 1987 
actually took place in fiscal year 1987; 29 percent were 
in fiscal year 1986, 6 percent in fiscal year 1985, and 
the rest were earlier. The reporting lag results primari- 
ly from a delay in receiving verification that an alien has 
left the country. As a result, the statistics may give a 
misleading impression about the numbers of aliens ex- 
pelled in any given year. Therefore, beginning in 1986 
the Yearbook has shown data by calendar year of ac- 
tual expulsion. However, such data will need to be con- 
tinuously updated and cannot be considered complete 
for at least four years. The fiscal year data are retain- 
ed for comparison with previous yearbooks. 

Another area of caution involves the types of data on 
expulsions that the INS collects. The INS originally 
designed these data sets for administrative use, hence 
their analytical value for other purposes is limited. The 
"cause" for expulsion (Tables 64 and 68) reflects only 
the final charge upheld against an alien. The INS pur- 
sues (or accepts) lesser charges when it is in the 
government's interest to do so. Most aliens are charged 
with illegal entry or violation of nonimmigrant status, 
but some of those cases initially carried more serious, 
charges (e.g., criminal or narcotics charges). Finally 
the destination and nationality of an expelled alien need 
not match. The inconsistency rate in fiscal year 1987 



xli 



was 2,0 percent for deportations and 16.7 percent for IV FntrjPS 

required departures. 



Exclusions 

There are a number of opportunities for an alien to 
withdraw a request for admission to the United States 
prior to the formal exclusion process before an immigra- 
tion judge. In fiscal year 1 987, 263,856 aliens withdrew 
during the primary inspection process. Another 464,497 
aliens withdrew during secondary inspection. Only 
7,113 aliens continued their cases before an immigra- 
tion judge. Of this latter group, 1,940 aliens were for- 
mally excluded. 

The INS has detailed data for only those aliens who 
are formally excluded. These data are limited, with on- 
ly country of birth and cause of exclusion being of 
general interest. Four countries account for slightly 
more than 56 percent of all exclusions: Mexico (396), 
Haiti (344), Colombia (180), and The Dominican 
Republic (170). 



An estimated 333 million people (aliens and citizens) 
were admitted across U.S. borders during primary in- 
spection in fiscal year 1987, or 4.0 percent above the 
estimate for 1986. The INS has admitted roughly 300 
million persons each fiscal year since 1980 (Chart M). 
Individuals seeking entry into the United States are in- 
spected at ports of entry by immigration officers who 
determine their admissibility. Admissions at Mexican 
border ports (190 million) were approximately 25 per- 
cent higher than those at Canadian border ports. 
Although admissions at Mexican border ports in- 
creased by 1 million from 1 986 to 1 987, the proportion 
of Mexican admissions decreased by 3 percentage 
points for this period. 



Inspections 

The inspection process involves all work performed in 
connection with the entry of aliens and U.S. citizens 



Chart M 
Estimated Primary Inspection Admissions: Fiscal Years 1968-87 



Millions 
330 - 



300 
270 

240 

210 
180 
150 
120 
90 
60 



i 



-^ ^ 



11 

1968 69 



I 

70 



Z"" 



'/. 



1 



'/. 



H '/y 



^ 



'/. 



71 72 73 74 



;/ 



it 

75 76 



i 



'A 



^ 



i 



i 

I 

82 



a 



i 



86 87 



I 

I- 

I- 

f 



Source; 1987, Table 73; 1968-86, previous yearbooks. 

xlil 



into the United States, including preinspection perform- 
ed by the INS outside the United States. An inspector 
is responsible for determining the nationality of each 
applicant for admission. U.S. citizens are automatical- 
ly admitted upon verification of citizenship; aliens' 
documents are inspected to determine admissibility 
with regard to the requirements of U.S. immigration 
law. 

The two main functions within the inspections opera- 
tion are classified by the INS as primary and second- 
ary inspections. Primary inspection is conducted to 
decide admissibility at initial contact with the applicant; 
the person is admitted when no further action or addi- 
tional documentation is needed. Secondary inspection 
occurs when grounds for admissibility cannot be 
established during primary inspection. Those who do 
not meet requirements for admission are ultimately ex- 
cluded or denied entry into the United States. There 
were an estimated 300,000 aliens denied entry during 
primary inspection in fiscal year 1987. Approximately 
80 percent of these denials occurred at land border 
ports of entry located within the INS' southern region 
(see Enforcement section for expulsion statistics). 

All individuals inspected fall into one of two categories, 
alien or U.S. citizen. Within these categories, statistics 
are maintained on border crossers, crewmen, and 
documented aliens. Border crossers are generally 



those aliens or U.S. citizens who enter the United 
States from Canada or IVIexico for brief periods or in 
a commuter status. Crewmen include aliens or U.S. 
citizens who are employed on a vessel or aircraft 
operating between U.S. territories and foreign coun- 
tries. Documented aliens are individuals entering the 
United States, generally from countries other than 
Canada or [Mexico, who arrive with various kinds of sup- 
porting documents, such as legal permanent residence 
documents, refugee travel documents, or immigrant or 
nonimmigrant visas. 



Data Overview 

Of the estimated 333 million primary admissions in 
fiscal year 1987, 59 percent were estimated to be aliens 
and 41 percent U.S. citizens. The estimate for citizens 
increased by 3 million while the estimate for aliens in- 
creased by 10 million compared to 1986. Only 10 per- 
cent of the increase in the number of aliens admitted 
was due to increased admissions at southern ports of 
entry; more than two-thirds was due to an increase in 
the number of alien entries at northern ports of entry. 

Total estimated alien admissions (197.2 million) con- 
sisted of 89.5 percent border crossers, 1.8 percent 
crewmen, and 8.7 percent documented aliens. Citizens 
admissions (135.9 million) were 86.0 percent border 



Chart N 
Estimated Primary Inspection Admissions for Top Twenty Ports of Entry: Fiscal Year 1987 



San Ysidro, CA 
Port of El Paso, TX 
Detroit, Ml 
Calexico, CA 
Brownsville, TX 
Hidalgo, TX 
Laredo, TX 
Nogales, AZ 
Niagara Falls, NY 
Blaine, WA 
Peace Bridge, NY 
Juarez, Lincoln Br., 
New York, NY 
Otay Mesa, CA 
San Luis, AZ 
Calais, ME 
Eagle Pass, TX 
Port Huron, Ml 
Miami, FL 
Douglas, AZ 



TX 



'////////}//////////\//.'//////h///////A/////////\/////.'///}^ 



YZL 






•'• -': ■ ~^ 



J 



zzzz 



7ZA 






\ 



\7Z-Z 



J 



Z] 



p 



^ 



:2Z 



-'////////, 



'y . .■ . ■■■ /.-•■- ^■'^ 



3 



Millions 



10 



15 



20 



25 



30 



35 



Source: Table 73. 



xliii 



crossers, 1.2 percent crewmen, and 12.8 percent en- 
tries from other than Canada or Mexico. 

As in the previous fiscal year, Texas and California ac- 
counted for over 50 percent (171 .5 million) of total ad- 
missions in 1987, with San Ysidro, California and El 
Paso, Texas registering the largest numbers at 36.4 
and 32.6 million, respectively (Table 73 and Chart N). 



Data Collection 

Data on inspections are collected on INS Form G-23 
(Report of Field Operations), a management report 
showing workload and resource summaries for most 
INS central office and field activities. The report is cur- 
rently compiled using manual input procedures. The 
process begins when employees fill in daily workload 
forms. Consolidated office-level forms are mailed from 
over 170 inspection ports of entry to the INS central 
office in Washington, D.C. for monthly processing. The 
reporting cycle takes about six weeks from the time 
data are collected in the field to the time reports are 
produced and distributed. Data from Form G-23 are 
also used to construct the Statistical Yearbool< tables 
on deportable aliens located (see Enforcement section). 



Limitations of Data 

The error associated with estimating the total number 
and distribution of aliens and U.S. citizens has not been 
determined, due partly to the variation in estimation 
methodologies applied at each port of entry. In the 
future, these statistics should be more accurately col- 
lected as a by-product of an expanded inspections in- 
telligence system. Until such improvements are made, 
caution must be used in the interpretation of these data. 
The admission figures for aliens and citizens should, 
at best, be considered estimates that contain un- 
specified measurement error. 

Table 73 shows admissions by state and port of entry 
for 1987. The table includes estimated total admissions 
at primary inspection instead of just border crossers 
as was shown in the 1 985 Yearbook. A table for border 
crossers, generally consistent with previous years (but 
not included in this report), has been compiled for 1987 
for use as a reference table (available upon request). 



fiscal years 1972-87. The data files come on six tapes, 
each covering a three-year span. The variables includ- 
ed on the tape for fiscal years 1984-87 are: 

— Port of entry — Labor certification 

— Month of admission — Country of last 

— Year of admission permanent residence 

— Class of admission — Nonimmigrant class of 

— Age entry 

— Country of birth — Nonimmigrant year of 

— Marital status entry 

— Sex — INS district of intended 

— Nationality residence 

— Occupation — Zip code of intended 

— Type of case residence 

— Country of 

chargeability 

The source tape is formatted in EBCDIC character set 
and is available in 9 track 1600 bpi or 6250 bpi. 
Documentation is also included with the tape by year. 
For information on how to order the tapes or diskettes, 
please call the Computer Products Office of the NTIS 
at (703) 487-4763. 

The Statistical Yearbook may also be purchased from 
the NTIS in paper copy or microfiche form beginning 
with fiscal year 1965. Prior to 1978, INS statistical data 
were included in the Annual Report of the Immigration 
and Naturalization Service. Those reports contain 
descriptions of INS' activities and accomplishments in 
addition to the statistical tables. To order, call the NTIS 
at (703) 487-4650. 



XI. Data Gaps 



Although the Immigration and Naturalization Service's 
capability for processing and distributing information 
about immigrants, temporary visitors, and other 
categories of international migrants has increased in 
recent years, gaps remain in our knowledge about the 
flow of immigration to and from the United States. In 
some areas these deficiencies persist because of the 
inherent difficulty in estimating the numbers, as is the 
case for emigration and illegal immigration. As a result, 
no information about either of these two categories is 
included in the Statistical Yearbook tables. 



X. Public Use Tapes 



information on aliens granted immigrant status may be 
purchased on magnetic tapes or diskettes from the Na- 
tional Technical Information Service (NTIS). These 
tapes contain information on immigrants admitted from 



Emigration 

The collection of statistics on emigration from the 
United States was discontinued in 1957; no direct 
measure of emigration has been available since then. 
Estimates compiled recently in this country and 
statistics collected by other countries demonstrate that 
emigration from the United States has continued, and 



xliv 



probably increased considerably, since the 1950s.'' 

The estimates indicate that the average flow of alien 
emigration has exceeded 100,000 per year since 1970. 
These figures are consistent with U.S. historical ex- 
perience; between 1900 and 1980, approximately 30 
million immigrants were admitted, and an estimated 10 
million foreign-born persons emigrated. The U.S. 
Bureau of the Census currently uses an annual emigra- 
tion figure of 160,000, which includes both citizens and 
aliens, for computing national population estimates. 



Illegal Immigration 

The annual INS Statistical Yearbool< does not include 
statistics on the number of illegal aliens entering or 
residing in the United States. The term "illegal alien" 
could be broadly defined as any foreign-born person 



'Warren, Robert and Ellen Percy Kraly. 1985. The Elusive Exodus: 
Emigration from the United States, Population Trends and Public 
Policy Occasional Paper No. 8, March. Population Reference Bureau: 
Washington, D.C. 



present in the United States who is in a deportable 
status, including, for example, a tourist who departed 
a day or two late. The term could be more narrowly 
defined to include only those who have established 
residence and intend to remain here permanently. Ob- 
viously, the size of this population would vary con- 
siderably depending on the definition used. 

During the 1980s, empirically-based estimates of the 
number of illegal residents gradually replaced the more 
speculative figures that were reported in the 1970s. The 
most reliable data available indicate that the resident 
illegal population was in the range of about 2 to 3.5 
million in 1980. This estimated range is generally sup- 
ported by the results of the legalization program, under 
which 1.7 million illegal immigrants who established 
residence prior to 1982 applied for legal resident status 
(see Aliens Legalized section). The legalization pro- 
gram significantly reduced the size of the illegal resi- 
dent population in the United States; however, not 
enough information is available to make accurate cur- 
rent estimates of the size or rate of change of this 
population. 



Nonimmigrants Admitted as Students and Their Families for Top Ten Countries of Citizenship: 

Fiscal Year 1987 



Japan 

Korea 

China 

Mexico 

India 

Canada 

Malaysia 
United Kingdom 
Germany, Fed. Rep. 
France 

Thousands 



n 



ff 



ff 




Students 
Families 



10 



15 



20 



25 



30 



NOTE; China includes Mainland China and Taiwan. 
Source: Table 42. 



xlv 



Legalization Applications by Type of Application for Top Fifteen States: 
Fiscal Year 1987 



California 

Texas 

Florida 

Illinois 

New York 

Washington 

Arizona 

New Mexico 

New Jersey 

Oregon 

Colorado 

Nevada 

Idaho 

Oklahoma 

Virginia 

Thousands 




433,496 



yv/ Legalization applicants 
^^1 SAW applicants 



// 



20 40 60 80 100 120 140 440 



Source: Table 22. 



xlvi 



TABLES 1-20 



IMMIGRANTS 



TABLE 1. IMMIGRATION TO THE UNITED STATES: FISCAL YEARS 1820 - 1987 



Year 


Number Year 


Number Year 


Number 


Year 


Number 


1820 - 1987 


53,723,582 

8.385 

143,439 

9,127 
6,911 
6,354 
7,912 
10,199 
10.837 
18 875 


1871-80 

1871 . 


2,812,191 

321.350 
404.806 
459.803 
313.339 
227.498 
169.986 
141.857 
138.469 
177,826 
457.257 

5,246,613 

669.431 
788.992 
603.322 
518,592 
395,346 
334,203 
490.109 
546,889 
444.427 
455.302 

3,687,564 

560.319 
579.663 
439.730 
285.631 
258.536 
343.267 
230.832 
229.299 
311,715 
448.572 

8,795,386 

487.918 

648.743 

857.046 

812.870 

1.026,499 

1.100,735 

1,285.349 

782.870 

751.786 

1,041.570 

5,735,811 

878.587 
838.172 
1.197.892 
1.218.480 
326.700 
298.826 
295.403 
110.618 
141.132 
430,001 


1921 - 30 


4,107,209 

805,228 
309.556 
522.919 
706.896 
294.314 
304,488 
335,175 
307,255 
279,678 
241,700 

528,431 

97.139 
35.576 
23.068 
29,470 
34,956 
36,329 
50,244 
67.895 
82,998 
70.756 

1,035,039 

51,776 
28,781 
23,725 
28,551 
38,119 
108,721 
147,292 
170.570 
188.317 
249.187 

2,515,479 

205,717 
265,520 
170,434 
208,177 
237,790 
321,625 
326.867 
253.265 
260.686 
265,398 

3,321,677 

271.344 
283.763 
306.260 
292.248 
296.697 
323.040 
361.972 
454.448 
358.579 
373.326 


1971 - 80 






4,493,314 




1921 


1971 


370,478 




1872 


1922 


1972 


384,685 




1873 


1923 


1973 


400,063 




1874 


1924 


1974 


394,861 




1875 


1925 


1975 


386.194 




1876 


1926 


1976 


398.613 




1877 


1927 


,1976, TQ 


103.676 


1825 


1878 


1928 


1977 


462,315 




1879 


1929 


1978 


601,442 




1880 . . 


1930 


1979 


460,348 


1828 


27,382 
22 520 


1881 - 90 


1931 - 40 


1980 


530.639 




1981 - 87 






23,322 
599,125 


1881 


1931 


4,067,630 




1882 


1932 


1981 


596.600 




1883 


1933 


1982 


594.131 




22.633 
60.482 
58,640 
65.365 
45.374 
76.242 
79.340 
38.914 


1884 


1934 


1983 


559,763 




1885 


1935 


1984 


543,903 


1833 


1886 


1936 


1985 


570.009 




1887 


1937 


1986 


601,708 


1835 


1888 


1938 


1987 


601.516 




1889 


1939 








1890 


1940 




1838 




1941-50 






68.069 
84.066 

1,713,251 

80 289 


1891 - 1900 




1840 


1891 


1941 






1892 
1893 
1H94 


1942 






1943 






1944 




1842 


104,565:' 1895 
52,496 i 1896 
78,615 i: 1897 

114 371 1 1898 


1945 






1946 






1947 






1948 






154,416 
234.968 
226.527 


1899 

1900 


1949 






1950 




1848 




1951 - 60 




1849 


297 024 1 1901 - 10 






369.980 

2,598,214 

379 466 


1901 

1902 

1903 

1904 


1951 






1952 






1953 






1954 




1852 


371 603 'i IflOS 


1955 






368.645 
427,833 
200.877 
200.436 
251.306 
123,126 
121,282 
153,640 

2,314,824 

91.918 
91.985 
176.282 
193,418 
248.120 
318,568 
315.722 


1906 
1907 
1908 
1909 
1910 

1911 - 20 


1956 




1854 


1957 






1958 




1856 


i 1959 




1857 


1960 




1858 


1961-70 








1860 


1911 


1961 






1912 


1962 




1861 - 70 


1913 


1963 








1964 




1862 


1915 


1965 






1916 


1966 




1864 


1917 


1 1967 




1865 


1918 


1968 






1919 


1969 




1867 


1920 


1970 




1868 


138.840 








1869 


352.768' 
387.203 




1870 













NOTE: The numbers shown are as follows: from 1820-67. figures represent alien passengers arrived at seaports; from 1868-91 and 1895-97, 
immigrant aliens arrived; from 1892-94 and 1898-1987, immigrant aliens admitted for permanent residence. From 1892-1903. aliens entenng by cabin 
class were not counted as immigrants. Land arnvals were not completely enumerated until 1908. See Glossary for fiscal year definitions. 



TABLE 2. IMMIGRATION BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF LAST RESIDENCE 
FISCAL YEARS 1820 - 1987 



Region and country of last 
residence' 



All countries 

Europe 

Austria-Hungary 

Austria 

Hungary 
Belgium 
Czechoslovakia 
Denmark 
France 
Germany 
Greece 
Ireland' 
Italy .... 
Netherlands 
Norway-Sweden 

Norway 

Sweden 
Poland 
Portugal 
Romania 
Spain . 
Switzeiland 
U.S.S.R 

United Kingdom' 
Yugoslavia 
Other Europe 



Asia 

China' 
Hong Kong 
India .. 
Iran .... 
Israel . 
Japan 
Korea 
Philippines 
Turkey 
Vietnam 
Other Asia 

America 

Canada & Nevrfoundland" " 

Mexico" 

Caribbean 

Cuba 

Dominican Republic 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

South America 

Argentina 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Other South America 

Other America 

Africa 

Australia & New Zealarid 

Pacific Islands (U.S. adm.) 

Not specified" 

See footnotes at end of table. 



8,385 
7,690 



3,614 
30 



387 

209 



143,439 



98,797 





27 



n 



(') 

169 

8.497 

6,761 

20 

50,724 

409 

1,078 

91 



(°) 

16 

145 

(') 

2,477 

3,226 

75 

25,079 

C) 



11,564 

2,277 
4,817 
3,834 

('") 

n 
n 
(") 

3,834 
105 
531 

n 
n 
n 

531 

(") 

16 



599,125 
495,681 



{') 

22 

(') 

1,063 

45,575 

152,454 

49 

207.381 

2,253 

1,412 

1,201 

C) 

C) 

369 

829 

(') 

2,125 

4,821 

277 

75,810 

C) 

40 



33,424 

13,624 
6,599 
12,301 

('") 

n 
n 
n 

12.301 

44 

856 

('") 

n 
n 

856 

(") 



1,713,251 
1,597,442 

C) 

f) 

C) 

5,074 
(') 

539 

77,262 

434,626 

16 

780,719 

1,870 

8,251 

13,903 

f) 

(') 

105 

550 

(') 

2,209 

4,644 

551 

267,044 

(') 

79 



141 

35 



11 



62,469 

41,723 
3,271 
13,528 

('") 

n 
(") 

13,528 

368 

3,579 

('") 

3.579 
(") 

55 



2,598,214 
2,452,577 

e) 




4,738 
(*) 

3,749 
76,358 
951,667 
31 
914,119 
9,231 
10,789 
20,931 

(') 
1,164 
1,055 
(') 

9,298 

25,011 

457 

423,974 





41,538 

41,397 

43 

n 
n 
(") 
('") 



15 

74,720 

59,309 
3,078 
10,660 

('") 

n 
n 

10,660 

449 

1,224 

('") 

n 
n 

1,224 
(") 

210 



2,314,824 

2,065,141 

7,800 

{') 

6,734 
(') 

17,094 
35,986 
787,468 
72 
435.778 
11,725 
9,102 
109,298 

C) 
2,027 
2,658 
(') 

6,697 

23,286 

2,512 

606,896 

{') 

8 

64,759 

64,301 

69 

('") 

186 

n 
n 



n 



72 



166,607 

153,878 
2.191 
9,046 

o 
n 
n 
(") 

9,046 

95 

1,397 

n 
n 
n 

1,397 
(") 

312 
36 



2,812,191 

2,271,925 

72,969 

(') 

(') 
7,221 

(') 

31,771 

72,206 

718,182 

210 

436.871 

55.759 

16.541 
211.245 

95.323 
115,922 

12,970 

14,082 

' 11 

5,266 

28,293 

39,284 
548,043 

1,001 

124,160 

123,201 

n 

163 

n 
n 

149 

n 

404 

n 

243 

404,044 

383,640 
5,162 
13,957 

n 
n 
n 
n 

13,957 

157 

1,128 

n 
n 
n 

1,128 
(") 

358 
9,886 
1,028 

790 



TABLE 2. IMMIGRATION BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF LAST RESIDENCE 
FISCAL YEARS 1820 - 1987— Continued 



Region and country of last 
residence' 



All countries . 



Europe 

Austria-Hungary . 

Austria 

Hungary 

Belgium 

Czechoslovakia .. 

Denmark 

France 

Germany 

Greece 

Ireland' 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Norway-Sweden . 

Norway 

Sweden 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Spain 

Switzerland 

U.S.S.R 

United Kingdom' 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 



Asia 

China" 

Hong Kong , 

India 

Iran 

Israel 

Japan 

Korea 

Philippines .. 

Turkey 

Vietnam 

Other Asia .. 



America 

Canada & Newfoundland" " 

Mexico" 

Caribbean 

Cuba 

Dominican Republic 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

South America 

Argentina 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Other South America 

Other America 



Africa 

Australia & New Zealand ... 
Pacific Islands (U.S. adm.) . 
Not specified" 



3,687,564 

3,555,352 

" 592,707 
C) 
C) 

18,167 
(') 

50,231 

30,770 

" 505,152 

15,979 

388,416 

651,893 

26,758 

321,281 

95,015 

226,266 

" 96.720 

27,508 

12,750 

8,731 

31,179 

" 505,290 

271,538 

(') 

282 

74,862 

14,799 

n 

68 
25,942 

n 

30,425 

n 

3,628 

38,972 

3,311 
"971 
33,066 

('") 
(") 

33,066 
549 
1,075 
('") 

n 
n 

1,075 

(") 

350 

2,740 

1,225 

14,063 



8,795,386 

8,056,040 

" 2,145,266 

C) 

C) 

41.635 

(') 

65,285 

73,379 

" 341,498 

167,519 

339,065 

2,045.877 

48,262 
440,039 
190,505 
249,534 

n 

69.149 
53,008 
27,935 
34,922 
" 1,597,306 
525,950 
(') 
39,945 

323,543 

20,605 

4.713 
129,797 

n 
n 

157,369 

n 

11,059 

361,888 

179,226 
49.642 
107,548 

('") 
('") 
('") 

n 

107,548 
8,192 
17,280 

n 
n 
n 

17,280 
(") 

7,368 

11,975 

1,049 

" 33,523 



See footnotes at end of table. 



5,735,811 

4,321,887 

" 896.342 

453.649 

442.693 

33.746 

' 3,426 

41,983 

61,897 

" 143,945 

184,201 

146.181 

1.109,524 

43,718 

161,469 

66,395 

95,074 

" 4,813 

89,732 

13.311 

68,611 

23,091 

"921,201 

341,408 

" 1,888 

31.400 

247,236 

21.278 

2.082 
('") 
('") 

83.837 
('") 

n 

134,066 
5.973 

1,143,671 

742.185 
219,004 
123,424 

('") 
('") 

n 

123,424 
17,159 
41,899 

('") 

41,899 
(") 

8,443 
12,348 
1,079 
1,147 



4,107,209 

2,463,194 

63,548 
32,868 
30,680 
15,846 

102,194 
32.430 
49.610 

412.202 
51.084 

211.234 

455.315 
26.948 

165.780 
68.531 
97.249 

227.734 
29.994 
67.646 
28,958 
29,676 
61,742 
" 339,570 
49.064 
42.619 

112,059 

29.907 

1,886 

33.462 

('") 

n 

33.824 
12.980 

1,516,716 

924,515 
459,287 
74,899 

('") 

('") 

(") 

74,899 
15,769 
42,215 

('") 

('") 

42,215 
" 31 

6,286 

8.299 

427 

228 



528,431 

347,552 

11.424 

" 3.563 

7.861 

4.817 

14.393 
2.559 

12,623 

' 114,058 

9,119 

10,933 

68,028 
7.150 
8.700 
4,740 
3,960 

17,026 
3,329 
3,871 
3,258 
5,512 
'° 1,356 
'' 31,572 
5.835 

11,989 

16,081 

4,928 

496 
('") 
('") 
1,948 

n 

1,065 
7,644 

160,037 

108,527 
22,319 
15,502 

('") 
('") 
('") 

n 

15,502 
5,861 
7,803 

('") 

7,803 
25 

1,750 
2,231 
'^780 



1,035,039 

621,124 

28,329 

" 24,860 

3,469 

12,189 

8,347 

5,393 

38,809 

" 226,578 

8,973 

19,789 

57.661 

14.860 

20.765 

10.100 

10.665 

7,571 

7,423 

1,076 

2,898 

10,547 

" 548 

" 139,286 

1,576 

8,506 

32,360 

16,709 

1,761 
('") 

1,555 
('") 
(") 

798 
('") 
11,537 

354,804 

171,718 
60,589 
49,725 

{'") 

('") 

49.725 
21,665 
21,831 

('") 

21.831 
29,276 

7.367 

13.805 

" 5,437 

142 



2,515,479 

1,325,727 

103,743 

67,106 

36,637 

18,575 

918 

10,984 

51,121 

477,765 

47,608 

48,362 

185,491 

52,277 

44.632 

22.935 

21.697 

9.985 

19.588 

1.039 

7,894 

17,675 

671 

" 202,869 

8,225 

16,305 

153,249 

9,657 
15.544 

1.973 

3.388 
25,476 
46,250 

6,231 
19,307 

3,519 

335 

21,569 

996,944 

377,952 

299,811 

123,091 

78,948 

9,897 

4,442 

" 8,869 

" 20,935 

44,751 

91,628 

19,486 

18,048 

9,841 

44,253 

59,711 

14,092 
11,506 
1.470 
12.491 



TABLE 2. IMMIGRATION BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF LAST RESIDENCE 
FISCAL YEARS 1820 - 1987— Continued 



Region and country of last 
residence' 



All countries 

Europe 

Austria-Hungary 

Austria 

Hungary 

Belgium 

Czechoslovakia 

Denmark 

France 

Germany 

Greece 

Ireland* 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Norway-Sweden 

Norway 

Sweden 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Spain 

Switzerland 

U.S.S.R 

United Kingdom* 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

China' , 

Hong Kong 

India 

Iran 

Israel 

Japan 

Korea 

Philippines 

Turkey 

Vietnam 

Other Asia 

America 

Canada & Newfoundland 

fulexico" 

Caribbean 

Cuba 

Dominican Republic 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

South America 

Argentina 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Other South America ... 
Other America 

Africa 

Australia & New Zealand . 
Pacific Islands (U.S. adm.) 
Not specified" 



4,493,314 

800,368 

16,028 

9.478 

6,550 

5,329 

6,023 

4,439 

25,069 

74,414 

92,369 

11,490 

129,368 

10,492 

10,472 

3,941 

6,531 

37,234 

101,710 

12,393 

39,141 

8,235 

38,961 

137,374 

30,540 

9,287 

1,588,178 

124,326 

113,467 

164,134 

45,136 

37,713 

49,775 

267,638 

354,987 

13,399 

172,820 

244,783 

1,982,529 

169,939 

640,294 

741,126 

264,863 

148,135 

56,335 

137,577 

134,216 

134,640 

295,741 

29,897 

77,348 

50,078 

138,418 

789 

80,779 

23,788 

1,806 

15,866 



596,600 

66,695 

948 

367 

581 

467 

793 

506 

1,745 

6,552 

4,361 

902 

4,662 

999 

1,163 

331 

832 

5,014 

7,049 

1.974 

1,711 

601 

9,223 

14,997 

2,048 

980 

264,343 

25,803 

4,055 

21,522 

11,105 

3,542 

3,896 

32,663 

43,772 

2,766 

55,631 

59,588 

246,340 

11,191 
101,268 
73,301 
10,858 
18,220 

6,683 
23,569 
13,971 
24,509 
35,913 

2,236 
10,335 

5,129 

18,213 

158 

15,029 

1,947 

108 

2,138 



594,131 

69,174 

981 

339 

642 

559 

960 

463 

1,994 

6,726 

3,472 

949 

3,644 

1,053 

1,216 

342 

874 

5,874 

3,510 

3,124 

1,586 

626 

15,462 

14,539 

1,418 

1,018 

313,291 

36,984 
4.971 
21.738 
10.314 
3.356 
3.903 
31.724 
45.102 
2.864 
72,553 
79,782 

193,505 

10.786 

56.106 

67,379 

8,209 

17.451 

8.779 

18,711 

14,229 

23,626 

35,448 

2,065 

8.608 

4,127 

20.648 

160 

14.314 

2,009 

138 

1,700 



559,763 

58,867 

1,065 

433 

632 

538 

946 

513 

2.061 

7.185 

2.997 

1.101 

3.225 

1.152 

1,279 

409 

870 

6.427 

3.231 

2.543 

1.507 

680 

5,214 

14.830 

1.382 

991 

277,701 

42.475 

5.948 

25,451 

11,163 

3.239 

4,092 

33,339 

41,546 

2,263 

37,560 

70,625 

204,574 

1 1 ,390 
59,079 
73,306 
8,978 
22,058 
8,424 
19.535 
14.311 
24.601 
36,087 
2,029 
9,658 
4,243 
20.157 
111 

15,084 

1,879 

105 

1,553 



543,903 

69,879 

2,846 

2,351 

495 

787 

693 

512 

3,335 

9,375 

3,311 

1,096 

6,328 

1,313 

1,455 

403 

1,052 

7,229 

3,800 

2,956 

2,168 

795 

3,349 

16,516 

1,404 

611 

247,775 

29,109 
12,290 
23,617 
11,131 
4,136 
4,517 
32,537 
46,985 
1,652 
25,803 
55,998 

208,1 1 1 

15,659 
57.820 
68,368 

5,699 
23,207 

9,554 
18,997 
10,911 
27,626 
38,636 

2,287 
10.897 

4.244 

21,208 

2 

13,594 

2,328 

163 

2,053 



570,009 

69,526 

2,521 

1,930 

591 

775 

684 

465 

3,530 

10,028 

3,487 

1,288 

6,351 

1,235 

1.557 

386 

1,171 

7,409 

3,811 

3,764 

2,278 

980 

1,532 

15,591 

1.521 

719 

255,164 

33,095 
10,795 
24.536 

12,327 

4,279 

4,552 

34,791 

53,137 

1,690 

20,367 

55,595 

225,519 

16,354 
61,290 
79,374 
17.115 
23,861 

9,872 
18,277 
10,249 
28,447 
40,052 

1,925 
1 1 ,802 

4,601 

21,724 

2 

15,236 

2,501 

142 

1,921 



601,708 

69,224 

2,604 

2,039 

565 

843 

588 

544 

3,876 

9,853 

3,497 

1.757 

5,711 

1,263 

1.564 

367 

1.197 

6.540 

3.804 

3,809 

2.232 

923 

1,001 

16,129 

1.915 

771 

258,546 

32,389 

9.930 

24,808 

12,031 

5,124 

4,444 

35,164 

61,492 

1,975 

15,010 

56,179 

254,078 

16.060 
66,753 
98,527 
30,787 
26,216 
12,356 
18,916 
10,252 
30,086 
42,650 

2.318 
11.213 

4,518 
24.601 



15,500 

2,423 

178 

1,759 



601,516 

67,967 

2.401 

1.769 

632 

859 

715 

515 

3,809 

9.923 

4.087 

3.032 

4.666 

1.303 

1.540 

372 

1,168 

5.818 

4,009 

2,741 

2,056 

964 

1,139 

15,889 

1,793 

708 

248,293 

32,669 
8,785 
26.394 
10.323 
4.753 
4.711 
35.397 
58,315 
2,080 
13,073 
51,793 

265,026 

16,741 
72.511 
100,615 
27,363 
24,947 
14,643 
22,430 
1 1 ,232 
30,366 
44,782 

2,192 
11.482 

4.656 

26,452 

11 

15,730 

2,312 

166 

2,022 



' Data for years pnor to 1906 relate to country whence alien came; data from 1906-79 and 1984-87 are for country of last permanent residence; 
and data for 1980-83 refer to country of birth. Because of changes in boundanes, changes in lists of countries, and lack of data for specified 
countries for various periods, data for certain countries, especially for the total period 1820-1987, are not comparable throughout. Data for specified 
countries are included with countries to which they belonged prior to World War I. 

' Data for Austna-Hungary not reported until 1861. 

' Data for Austria and Hungary not reported separately until 1906. 

' No data available for Czechoslovakia until 1920. 

* Prior to 1926, data for Northern Ireland included in Ireland. 



° Data for Norway and Sweden not reported separately until 1871. 

' No data available for Romania until 1880. 

' In 1920. a separate enumeration was made for ttie Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes. Since 1922, the Serb, Croat, and Slovene Kingdom 
recorded as Yugoslavia. 

' Beginning in 1957. China includes Taiwan. 

'° Data not reported separately until 1951. 

" No data available for Japan until 1861. 

" From 1934-50, Philippines included in the Pacific Islands. Prior to 1934, Philippines recorded in separate tables as insular travel. 

" Pnor to 1920, Canada and Newfoundland recorded as British North America. From 1820-98, figures include all British North Amenca 
possessions. 

" Land arrivals not completely enumerated until 1908. 

" No data available for Mexico from 1886-93. 

" Data for Jamaica not collected until 1953. In prior years, consolidated under British West Indies, which is included in "Other Caribbean." 

" Included in countries "Not specified" until 1925. 

" From 1899-1919, data for Poland included in Austria-Hungary, Germany, and U.S.S.R. 

" From 1938-45, data for Austria included in Germany, 

'° From 1931-50, U.S.S.R reported as European U.S.S.R. and Asian U.S.S.R. For other periods shown, total U.S.S.R. reported in Europe. 

" Since 1925, data for United Kingdom refer to England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland. 

" Includes 32,897 persons returning in 1906 to their homes in the United States. 

' Represents zero. 

NOTE: From 1820-67, figures represent alien passengers arrived at seaports; from 1868-91 and 1895-97, immigrant aliens arrived; from 1892-94 
and 1898-1987, immigrant aliens admitted for permanent residence. From 1892-1903, aliens entehng by cabin class were not counted as immigrants. 
Land arrivals were not completely enumerated until 1908. 

See Glossary for fiscal year definitions. For this table, fiscal year 1843 covers 9 months ending Septmber 1843; fiscal years 1832 and 1850 cover 15 
months ending December 31 of the respective years; and fiscal year 1868 covers 6 months ending June 30, 1868. 



TABLE 3. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 
FISCAL YEARS 1977-87 



Region and country of birth 1977 



All countries i 462,315 



Europe 

Austria 

Belgium 

Czechoslovakia 

Denmark 

Finland 

France 

Germany 

Germany, Fed. Rep. 

Greece 

Hungary 

Ireland 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

U.S.S.R 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 



Asia 

Afghanistan 

Bangladesh 

Burma 

Cambodia 

China 

China. Mainland . 

Cyprus 

Hong Kong 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Iraq 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Kuwait 

Laos 

Lebanon 

(Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Singapore 

Sri Lanka 

Syria 

Taiwan 

Thailand 

Turkey 

Vietnam 

Yemen (Sanaa) .. 
Other Asia 



Africa 

Cape Verde . 

Egypt 

Ethiopia 

Ghana 

Kenya 

Libena 

Morocco 

Nigena 



70,010 

400 

377 

575 

433 

277 

1,618 

6.372 

(') 

7,838 

853 

1,238 

7,510 

1,014 

334 

'4.010 

9,657 

2,015 

2,487 

571 

610 

5,742 

12,477 

2,791 

811 

157,759 

138 

590 
1,101 

126 
19,765 


478 
5,632 
18,636 

778 
4,261 
2,811 
3,008 
4,192 
2,875 
30,917 

160 

237 
5,685 

455 

3,183 

39,111 

308 

376 
1,676 



3,945 

1,758 

4,629 

376 

552 

10,155 

964 
2,328 
354 
454 
493 
215 
401 
653 



601,442 

73,198 

467 

439 

744 

409 

358 

1,844 

6,739 

(') 

7,035 

941 

1,180 

7,415 

1,153 

423 

' 5,050 

10,445 

2,037 

2,297 

638 

706 

5,161 

14,245 

2,621 

851 

249,776 

180 

716 

1,188 

3,677 

21,331 

ft 

408 

5,158 

20,772 

694 
5,861 
2,188 
3,276 
4,028 
3,483 
29,288 

168 
4,369 
4,556 

577 

3,876 

37,216 

320 

375 
1,416 


3,574 

1,578 

88,543 

258 

702 

11,524 

941 
2,836 
539 
711 
516 
333 
461 
1,007 



460,348 

60,845 

369 

395 

763 

414 

327 

1,705 

6,314 

(') 

5,090 

861 

982 

6,174 

1,145 

431 

'4,418 

7,085 

1,554 

1,933 

750 

665 

2,543 

13,907 

2,171 

849 

189,293 

353 

549 

1,534 

1,432 

24,272 

(') 

323 
4,119 
19,717 

820 
8,476 
2,871 
3,093 
4,063 
3,360 
29,248 

303 
3,565 
4,634 

623 

3,967 

41,300 

321 

397 
1,528 
ft 

3,194 

1,764 

22,546 

203 

718 

12,838 

765 
3,241 
726 
828 
618 
327 
486 
1,054 



530,639 

72,121 

401 

426 

1,051 

504 

356 

1,905 

6,595 

(') 

4,699 

819 

1,006 

5,467 

1,169 

403 

4,725 

8,408 

1,913 

1,879 

768 

713 

10,543 

15,485 

2,099 

787 

236,097 

722 

532 

1,211 

2,801 

27.651 

ft 

279 

3.860 

22.607 

977 

10,410 

2,658 

3,517 

4,225 

3,322 

32,320 

257 

13.970 

4,136 

795 

4,265 

42,316 

322 

397 

1,658 

ft 

4,115 

2,233 

43,483 

160 

898 

13,981 

788 

2,833 

977 

1.159 

592 

426 

465 

1.896 



596,600 

66,695 

367 

467 

793 

506 

317 

1,745 

6,552 

(') 

4,361 

581 

902 

4,662 

999 

331 

5,014 

7,049 

1,974 

1,711 

832 

601 

9,223 

14,997 

2,048 

663 

264,343 



756 
1,083 

12,749 

25,803 
ft 

326 
4,055 

21,522 
1,006 

1 1,105 
2,535 
3,542 
3,896 
3,825 

32,663 
317 

15,805 
3,955 
1,033 
5,288 

43,772 

408 

448 

2,127 

ft 

4.799 
2,766 

55,631 

230 

1,017 

15,029 

849 

3,366 

1,749 

951 

657 

556 

512 

1,918 



594,131 

69,174 

339 
559 
960 
463 
346 
1,994 
(') 

6,467 

3,472 

642 

949 

3,644 

1,053 

342 

5,874 

3,510 

3.124 

1,586 

874 

626 

15,462 

14,539 

1,418 

931 

313,291 

1,569 

639 

820 

13,438 

ft 

27,100 

276 

4,971 

21.738 

1.194 

1i/,314 

3,105 

3,356 

3,903 

2,923 

31,724 

286 

36,528 

3,529 

1,046 

4,536 

45,102 

390 

505 

2.354 

9,884 

5,568 

2,864 

72.553 

305 

771 

14,314 

852 

2,800 

1,810 

824 

601 

593 

445 

2.257 



559,763 

58,867 

433 
538 
946 
513 
311 
2,061 
(') 

6,725 

2,997 

632 

1,101 

3,225 

1,152 

409 

6,427 

3,231 

2,543 

1,507 

870 

680 

5,214 

14,830 

1,382 

1,140 

277,701 

2,566 

787 

723 

18.120 

ft 

25,777 

265 

5,948 

25,451 

952 

11,163 

2,343 

3,239 

4,092 

2,718 

33,339 

344 

23,662 

2,941 

852 

4.807 

41.546 

362 

472 

1.683 

16,698 

5,875 

2,263 

37,560 

268 

885 

15,084 

594 

2,600 

2,643 

976 

710 

518 

479 

2,354 



543,903 

64,076 

442 
537 
1,218 
512 
264 
2,135 
(') 

6,747 

2,865 

825 

1,223 

3,130 

1,242 

375 

9,466 

3,779 

4,004 

1,393 

974 

620 

6,088 

13,949 

1,569 

719 

256,273 

3,222 

823 

719 

1 1 ,856 

ft 

23,363 

291 

5,465 

24,964 

1,113 

13,807 

2,930 

3,066 

4,043 

2,438 

33,042 

437 

12.279 

3,203 

879 

5,509 

42,768 

377 

554 

1,724 

12,478 

4.885 

1,793 

37,236 

324 

685 

15,540 

591 

2,642 

2,461 

1,050 

753 

585 

506 

2,337 



570,009 

63,043 

419 

538 
1,222 

478 

290 
2,187 
{') 

7,109 
2,579 
1,009 
1,397 
3,214 
1.217 

361 
9,464 
3,781 
5.188 
1,413 
1,076 

729 
3,521 
13,408 
1,662 

781 

264,691 

2,794 

1,146 

990 

13,563 

ft 

24,787 

294 

5,171 

26,026 

1,269 

16.071 

1.951 

3.113 

4.086 

2,998 

35,253 

503 

9,133 

3,385 

939 

5,744 

47,978 

460 

553 

1,581 

14,895 

5,239 

1,691 

31,895 

432 

751 

17,117 

627 

2,802 

3,362 

1,041 

735 

618 

570 

2,846 



601,708 601,516 



62,512 

463 

620 
1,118 

554 

322 
2,518 
(') 

6,991 
2,512 
1,006 
1,839 
3,089 
1,261 

354 
8,481 
3,766 
5,198 
1,591 
1,098 

677 
2,588 
13.657 
2,011 

798 

268,248 

2,831 

1,634 

863 

13,501 

ft 

25,106 

307 

5,021 

26,227 

1,183 

16,505 

1,323 

3,790 

3,959 

3,081 

35.776 

496 

7,842 

3.994 

886 

5,994 

52,558 

480 

596 

1,604 

13,424 

6,204 

1,753 

29,993 

420 

897 

17,463 

760 

2,989 

2,737 

1,164 

719 

618 

646 

2,976 



See footnotes at end of table. 



TABLE 3. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 
FISCAL YEARS 1977-87— Continued 



Region and country of birth 



1977 



1978 



1979 



1980 



1981 



1982 



1983 



1984 



1985 



1987 



Sierra Leone 
South AInca 
Tanzania 
Uganda 
Other Afnca 



Oceania 

Australia 

Fiji 

New Zealand 

Tonga 

Other Oceania 

North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Antigua-Barbuda 

Bahamas, The 

Barbados 

Cuba 

Dominica 

Dominican Republic 

Grenada 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

St. Kitts-Nevis 

St. Lucia 

St Vincent & Grenadines 

Trinidad & Tobago 

Other Canbbean 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua , 

Panama , 

Other North America , 

South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Peru 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Other South America 

Born on board ship 

Unknown or not reported 



157 

1,988 

302 

241 

1.605 

4,091 

1.389 
854 

' 597 
489 
762 

187,346 

12.688 

44,079 

114,011 

835 

400 

2.763 

69,708 

572 

11,655 

1,240 

5,441 

11,501 

896 

545 

585 

6.106 

1.764 

16,485 

930 

1,664 

4,426 

3,599 

1,626 

1,850 

2.390 

83 

32,954 

2.787 

699 

1.513 

2,596 

8,272 

5,302 

5.718 

3.903 

1.156 

736 

272 



212 

1.689 

301 

303 

1.675 

4,396 

1.565 
809 

' 619 
706 
697 

220,784 

16.863 

92,367 

91,361 

908 

585 

2,969 

29.754 

595 

19.458 

1,206 

6,470 

19,265 

1,014 

572 

679 

5.973 

1.913 

20,153 

1,033 

1,575 

5,826 

3,996 

2,727 

1,888 

3,108 

40 

41,764 

3,732 

1,030 

1,923 

3,122 

1 1 .032 

5,732 

7,614 

5,243 

1,052 

990 

294 



217 

2,214 

401 

284 

1,677 

4,449 

1,400 

1,000 

' 599 

809 

641 

157,579 

13,772 

52,096 

74,074 

770 

651 

2.461 

15.585 

1,009 

17,519 

946 

6,433 

19,714 

786 

953 

639 

5,225 

1.383 

17,547 

1,063 

1,467 

4,479 

2,583 

2,545 

1,938 

3,472 

90 

35,344 

2,856 

751 

1,450 

2,289 

10,637 

4,383 

7,001 

4,135 

754 

841 

247 



267 

1,960 

339 

343 

1,936 

3,951 

1,480 
724 

' 729 
453 
565 

164,772 

13,609 

56,680 

73.296 

972 

547 

2,667 

15,054 

846 

17,245 

1.198 

6.540 

18.970 

874 

1,193 

763 

5.154 

1.273 

20,968 

1.120 

1.535 

6.101 

3.751 

2.552 

2.337 

3.572 

219 

39,717 

2.815 

730 

1.570 

2.569 

1 1 .289 

6.133 

8.381 

4.021 

887 

1.010 

312 



277 

1.559 

423 

410 

1.802 

4,187 

1.281 

1.060 

'666 

588 

592 

210,427 

11,191 

101,268 

73,301 

929 

546 

2,394 

10,858 

721 

18,220 

1,120 

6,683 

23.569 

867 

733 

799 

4,599 

1,263 

24,509 

1,289 

1,359 

8,210 

3,928 

2,358 

2,752 

4.613 

158 

35,913 

2.236 

820 

1.616 

2.048 

10.335 

5.129 

6.743 

4.664 

972 

1.104 

246 



283 

1.434 
304 
304 

1.807 

3,833 

1.367 
659 
642 
561 
604 

158,057 

10.786 

56.106 

67,379 

3.234 

577 

1.961 

8.209 

569 

17.451 

1.066 

8.779 

18.711 

1.039 

586 

719 

3,532 

946 

23,626 

2,031 

1,272 

7.107 

3.633 

3.186 

3.077 

3.320 

160 

35,448 

2.065 

750 

1.475 

1.911 

8.608 

4.127 

10.059 

4.151 

707 

1,336 

259 



10 



319 

1,261 

364 

332 

1,934 

3,511 

1.273 
712 
606 
481 
439 

168,487 

1 1 ,390 

59.079 

73,306 

2.008 

505 

1.849 

8.978 

546 

22.058 

1,154 

8,424 

19.535 

2,773 

662 

767 

3,156 

891 

24,601 

1,585 

1,182 

8,596 

4.090 

3.619 

2.983 

2.546 

111 

36,087 

2.029 

823 

1.503 

1.970 

9.658 

4.243 

8,980 

4,384 

681 

1,508 

308 



26 



368 

1,246 

418 

369 

2,214 

3,817 

1,308 
901 
595 
555 
458 

166,706 

10,791 

57,557 

74,265 

953 

499 

1,577 

10,599 

442 

23,147 

980 

9,839 

19,822 

1,648 

484 

695 

2.900 

680 

24.088 

1,492 

1,473 

8.787 

3,937 

3,405 

2,718 

2,276 

5 

37,460 

2,141 

918 

1,847 

1.912 

11,020 

4,164 

8,412 

4,368 

712 

1,721 

245 



31 



371 

1,210 

395 

301 

2.239 

4,054 

1.362 
980 
679 
669 
364 

182,045 

11.385 

61.077 

83,281 

957 

533 

1.625 

20.334 

540 

23.787 

934 

10.165 

18.923 

769 

499 

693 

2.831 

691 

26,302 

1.353 

1.281 

10.156 

4.389 

3.726 

2.786 

2.611 



39,058 

1,844 
1.006 
2.272 
1.992 
1 1 ,982 
4,482 
8,531 
4,181 

790 
1,714 

264 



323 

1,566 
370 
401 

2,194 

3,394 

1,354 
972 
610 
510 
448 

207,714 

11.039 

66.533 

101,632 

812 

570 

1,595 

33,114 

564 

26,175 

1,045 

12,666 

19,595 

573 

502 

635 

2,891 

895 

28,380 

1.385 

1.356 

10.929 

5,158 

4.532 

2.826 

2.194 

130 

41,874 

2.187 
1.079 
2.332 
2.243 

11,408 
4,516 

10,367 

4,895 

699 

1,854 

294 



453 

1,741 

385 

357 

2.245 

3,993 

1.253 

1.205 

591 

545 

399 

216,550 

11.876 

72.351 

102,899 

874 

556 

1.665 

28.916 

740 

24.858 

1.098 

14.819 

23.148 

589 

496 

746 

3.543 

851 

29,296 

1.354 

1.391 

10.693 

5.729 

4.751 

3.294 

2.084 

128 

44,385 

2.106 

1.170 

2.505 

2.140 

11.700 

. 4.641 

11.384 

5.901 

709 

1.694 

435 



' Prior to fiscal year 1982, data lor Federal Republic of Germany and German Democratic Republic are consolidated 
under Germany. 
• Excludes Danzig. 

' Prior to fiscal year 1982. data for Mainland China and Taiwan are consolidated under China. 
' Includes Niue. 
- Represents zero. 
NOTE: See Glossary for fiscal year definitions. 



IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY TYPE AND CLASS OF ADMISSION 
FISCAL YEARS 1981-87 



Class of admission 



Total, all immigrants 

Total, numerically limited 

New arnvals 

Adjustments 

Total, exempt from numerical limitations 

New arrivals 

Adjustments 

Total, numerically limited 

Total 1st preference 

1st preference, unmarned son/daughter of U.S. citizen 

New arnvals (P11. Atlj 

Adjustments {P16, A16) 

1st preference, children of P11, P16, All, A16 

New arrivals (P12, A12) 

Adjustments (PI 7, A17) 

Total 2nd preference 

2nd preference, spouses of alien residents 

New arrivals (P21) 

New arnvals. conditional (C21) 

Adjustments (P26) 

Adjustments, conditional (C26) 

2nd preference, unmarried son/daugfiter of alien resident . 

New arrivals (P22) 

New arrivals, conditional {C22) 

Adjustments (P27) 

Adjustments, conditional (C27) 

2nd preference, ctiildren of P22, P27, C22, C28 

New arrivals (P23) 

New arrivals, conditional (C23) 

Adjustments (P28) 

Adjustments, conditional (C28) 

Total 3rd preference 

3rd preference, professional or highly skilled immigrant 

New arrivals (P31) 

Adjustments (P36) 

3rd preference, spouses of P31 and P36 

New arrivals (P32) 

Adjustments {P37) 

3rd preference, children of P31 and P36 

New arrivals (P33) 

Adjustments (P38) 

Total 4th preference 

4th preference, marned son/daughter of U.S. citizen 

New arnvals (P41. A41) 

New arrivals, conditional (C41) 

Adjustments (P46, A46) 

Adjustments, conditional (C46) 

4th preference, spouses of P41. P46, A41, A46, C41, C46 

New arrivals (P42, A42) 

New arnvals. conditional (C42) 

Adjustments (P47. A47) 

Adjustments, conditional (C47) 

4th preference, children of P41, P46, A41, A46, C41, C46 

New arnvals (P43, A43) 

New arrivals, conditional (C43) 

Adjustments (P48, A48) 

Adjustments, conditional (048) 

Total Stfi preference 

5th preference, brothers or sisters of U.S. citizens 

New arrivals {P51) , 

Adjustments, (P56) 

See footnotes at end of table. 



543,903 570,009 



330,409 

278,461 
51,948 

266,191 

100,524 
165,667 



330,409 

5,721 

4,964 
4,184 
780 
757 
620 
137 

112,664 

41,814 

32,431 

X 

9,383 

X 

60,063 

53,182 

X 

6,881 

X 

10,787 

9,767 

X 

1,020 



18,872 

8.103 
2.266 
5.837 
4,879 
1,632 
3.247 
5.890 
2.562 
3,328 

15,979 

4,649 
3,884 



3,601 

3,203 

X 

398 

X 

7,729 

7,012 

X 

717 



92,212 

38,076 
35,096 
2,980 



259,749 

206,312 
53.437 

334,382 

108.364 
226.018 



6,604 

5,539 

4,670 

869 

1,065 

923 

142 

113,070 

39,567 
29,711 



64,843 
57.549 



8.660 
7.795 



26,001 

11.981 
3.052 
8.929 
6.794 
1.953 
4.841 
7.226 
2.631 
4.595 

19,465 

5,511 

4.557 

X 

954 

X 

4,284 

3,842 

X 

442 

X 

9,670 

8,865 

X 

805 



66,926 

25,802 
23,181 
2,621 



269,213 

221.587 
47.626 

290,550 

115,212 
175.338 



6,892 

5,753 

4,980 

773 

1,139 

998 

141 

116,623 

39.731 

33,797 

X 

5,934 

X 

67,539 

62,441 

X 

5,098 

X 

9,353 

8,845 



27,250 

12,338 
3,147 
9,191 
7,141 
2.048 
5,093 
7.771 
2,847 
4,924 

20,948 

5.933 

5.100 

X 

833 

X 

4,666 

4,261 

X 

405 

X 

10,349 

9,650 

X 

699 

X 

69,025 

26.573 

24,762 

1,811 



262,016 

224,750 
37,266 



264,208 
226,505 
37,703 



281,887 305,801 

119.879 ; 129.860 
162.008 175.941 



262,016 

7,569 

6,242 
5,417 

825 
1,327 
1,170 

157 

112,309 

37,643 
33,948 



64,711 
61,313 



9,955 
9,508 

X 
447 

X 

24,852 

10,691 
3,094 
7,597 
6,637 
2.079 
4,558 
7,524 
2,925 
4,599 

14,681 

4,258 

3,531 

X 

727 

X 

3,282 

2,933 

X 

349 

X 

7,141 

6,506 

X 

635 

X 

77,765 

29,287 

27,737 

1,550 



9,319 

7,661 
6,656 
1,005 
1,658 
1,452 
206 

114,997 

40,549 
35.788 

X 
4.761 

X 
61,263 
57,558 

X 
3.705 

X 
13,185 
12,769 

X 
416 

X 

24,905 

10,947 
2,981 
7,966 
6,602 
2,158 
4,444 
7,356 
2,973 
4,383 

18,460 

5,376 
4,520 



4.216 

3,806 

X 

410 

X 

8.868 

8.121 

X 

747 



70,481 

25.536 

24,407 

1,129 



601,708 

266,968 

228,522 
38,446 

334,740 

147.588 
187.152 



266,968 

10,910 

8.711 
7.829 

882 
2,199 
2,007 

192 

110,926 

38.384 
34,057 

X 
4,327 

X 
57,311 
53,635 

X 
3,676 

X 
15,231 
14.739 

X 
492 

X 

26,823 

11.763 
3,342 
8,421 
7,209 
2,290 
4,919 
7,851 
3,233 
4,618 

20,702 

5.947 
5,057 



4,737 

4,298 

X 

439 

X 

10,018 

9,189 

X 

829 

X 

70,401 

24,837 

23,914 

923 



TABLE 4. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY TYPE AND CLASS OF ADMISSION 
FISCAL YEARS 1981-87— Continued 



Class of admission 



1981 



1982 



1983 



1984 



1985 



5th preference, spouses of P51 and P56 . 

New arrivals (P52) 

Adjustments. {P57) 

5th preference, children of P51 and P56 .. 

New arrivals {P53) 

Adjustments {P58) 



Total 6tfi preference 

6th preference, needed skilled or unskilled workers . 

New arnvals (P61) 

Adjustments (P66) 

6th preference, spouses of P61 and P66 

New arrivals (P62) 

Adiustments (P67) 

6th preference, children of P61 and P66 

New arrivals (P63) 

Adjustments (P68) 



Total 7th preference, conditional entries by refugees . 

New arrivals (P71) 

Adjustments (P76) 



Total nonpreference 

Nonpreference. NP1 and NP6 

Adjustments (NP6) 

Nonpreference, NP5 and NPO, Act of 11/6/86 . 

New arrivals (NP5) 

Adjustments (NPO) 



Total, suspension of deportation, Section 244 

Adjustments other than crewmen (Z1 1) 

Adjustments, crewmen (Z57) 



Total, private law, adjustments (Z41) 

Total, foreign gov't officials. Act of 9/11/57 Sect. 13 (Z91) . 



Total, recaptured Cuban numbers 

Western Hemisphere aliens 

New arrivals (SAI) 

Adjustments (SA6) 

Nonwestern Hemisphere aliens, spouses of SA1 and SA6 . 

New arnvals (SA2) 

Adjustments (SA7) 

Nonwestern Hemisphere aliens, children of SAI and SA6 .. 

New arrivals {SA3) 

Adjustments (SA8) 



Total, exempt from numerical limitations . 



Total, immediate relatives of U.S. citizens 

Total, spouses of U.S. citizens 

New arrivals (IR1) 

New arrivals, conditional (CR1) 

Adjustments (IR6) 

Adjustments, conditional (CR6) 

Adjustments, Northern IVIananas Is , PL 94-241 (I^R6) 

Adjustments, entered as a fiance(e) (IFl) 

Adjustments, entered as a fiance(e). conditional (CF1) 

Total, children of U.S. citizens 

New arrivals (IR2, AR1) 

New arnvals, conditional (CR2) 

Adjustments {IR7, AR6) 

Adjustments, conditional (CR7) 

Adjustments, entered as child of a fiance(e) (IF2) 

Adjustments, entered as child of a fiance(e). conditional (CF2) . 

Adjustments, Northern Ivlananas Is., PL 94-241 (I^R7) 

Total, orphans 

Total, orphans adopted abroad 



17,463 
16,402 

1,061 
36.673 
34,856 

1,817 

25,439 

11.873 
7.197 
4,676 
5.312 
3,273 
2,039 
8,254 
5,737 
2,517 

329 

154 
175 



266,191 

152,359 
91,961 

46.802 



26,178 

17.164 



X 

4,868 

939 



13,124 
12,161 
963 
28,000 
26.505 
1,495 

25,181 

12.041 
7,884 
4.157 
5.049 
3.146 
1,903 
8.091 
5,690 
2,401 

X 

X 
X 



58,382 


2,300 


57,967 


2,262 


54.910 


2,168 


3.057 


94 


184 


16 


49 


12 


135 


4 


231 


22 



168,398 
104,218 

52,314 



28,735 

18,451 



480 
X 



5,749 
829 



13.998 
13.245 
753 
28,454 
27,269 
1,185 

28,218 

12,708 
8,148 
4.560 
5.980 
3,722 
2,258 
9,530 
6,279 
3,251 



290,550 

177,792 
112,666 

58,307 



30,429 

18,875 

X 

3,958 

X 

469 



7.127 
813 



15,951 
15,266 
685 
32,527 
31.435 
1,092 

24,669 

11,393 
8,395 
2,998 
5,219 
3.635 
1.584 
8.057 
5.858 
2,199 



183,247 
116,596 

61.394 



X 

4.943 



32,080 

19,135 



8,327 
1,097 



14,861 
14,391 

470 
30.084 
29.247 

837 

25,990 

1 1 .425 
8,603 
2,822 
5.674 
4.291 
1.383 
8.891 
6.784 
2,107 

X 

X 



305,801 

204,368 
129,790 

66.215 



5,697 

X 

35,592 

21.298 

X 

4.480 

X 

528 

X 

X 

9,286 

1,166 



15,321 
14,937 

384 
30,243 
29,592 

651 

26,802 

11,399 
8.728 
2,671 
5.988 
4.562 
1.426 
9,415 
7,113 
2,302 



391 

389 
2 



334,740 

223.468 
137,597 

74.662 



40,639 

25.332 



595 
X 



9,945 
1,264 



See footnotes at end of table 



IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY TYPE AND CLASS OF ADMISSION 
FISCAL YEARS 1981-87— Continued 



Class of admission 


1981 


1982 


1983 


1984 


1985 


1986 


1987 


New arrivals (IR3) 


900 


781 


781 


1,047 


1,092 


1,190 


1,610 


Adjustments (IR8) 


39 


48 


32 


50 


74 


74 


' 57 


Total, orphans to be adopted 


3,929 


4,920 


6,314 


7,230 


8,120 


8,681 


8,430 


New arrivals (104) 


3,920 


4,912 


6,306 


7,226 


8,114 


8,676 


8,420 


Adjustments (IR9) 


9 


8 


8 


4 


6 


5 


10 


Total parents of adult U.S. citizens 


34,220 


35,445 


34,697 


34,571 


38,986 

27,657 


45,232 

31,699 


45,183 

32,416 


New arrivals (IRS) 


25,964 


26,321 


25,664 


25,609 


Adjustments (IRO) 


8,256 


9,124 


9,033 


8,962 


11,329 


13,533 


12,767 


Total, special immigrants 


3,255 


4,940 


3,175 


2,338 


2,551 


2,992 


3,646 


Total, persons who lost citizenship 


17 


6 


6 


3 


2 


6 


1 


Total, lost citizenship by marnage 


11 


3 


5 


2 


1 


4 


1 


New arrivals (SCI) 


3 


- 


3 


1 


- 


- 


- 


Adjustments (SC6) 


8 


3 


2 


1 


1 


4 


1 


Total, lost citizenship by service in armed forces 


6 


3 


1 


1 


1 


2 


- 


New arrivals (SC2) 


2 


1 


- 


- 


- 


1 


- 


Adjustments (SC7) 


4 


2 


1 


1 


1 


1 


- 


Total, ministers, spouses and children 


1,692 


2,059 


1,734 


1,540 

663 


1,853 

777 


2,060 

822 


2,041 

829 


Total ministers .. 


762 


895 


773 


New arrivals (SD1) 


390 


396 


364 


334 


443 


480 


458 


Adjustments (SD6) 


372 


499 


409 


329 


334 


342 


371 


Total, spouses of ministers 


310 


378 


324 


315 


383 


428 


423 


New arrivals {SD2) 


221 


251 


215 


214 


267 


312 


298 


Adjustments (SD7) 


89 


127 


109 


101 


116 


116 


125 


Total, children of ministers 


620 


786 


637 


562 


693 


810 


789 


New arrivals (SD3) 


474 


566 


443 


411 


522 


622 


564 


Adjustments (SD8) 


146 


220 


194 


151 


171 


188 


225 


Total, employees of U S. gov't abroad, spouses & children 


720 


554 


529 


535 


479 


773 


1,112 

380 


Total, employees of U S government abroad 


240 


181 


180 


189 


156 


248 


New arrivals (SE1) 


234 


175 


177 


186 


152 


244 


377 


Adjustments (SE6) 


6 


6 


3 


3 


4 


4 


3 


Total, spouses of employees of U S gov't abroad 


160 


120 


107 


115 


101 


168 


254 


New arrivals (SE2) . . 


159 


116 


107 


115 


101 


166 


251 


Adjustments (SE7) 


1 


4 


- 


- 


- 


2 


3 


Total, children of employees of U S gov't abroad 


320 


253 


242 


231 


222 


357 


478 


New arrivals (SE3) 


318 


250 


241 


230 


219 


354 


477 


Adjustments (SE8) 


2 


3 


1 


1 


3 


3 


1 


Total, Panama Canal Act of 9/29/79 


826 

116 


455 

42 


116 

8 


86 

9 


130 

7 


105 

5 


90 


Total, certain former emp. of the PC Co, and CZ gov't 


2 


New arrivals (SF1) 


111 


40 


8 


6 


2 


2 


2 


Adjustments (SF6) 


5 


2 


- 


3 


5 


3 


- 


Total, accompanying spouse or child of SF1 and SF6 


284 


93 


19 


12 


10 


6 


4 


New arrivals (SF2) 


281 


93 


19 


12 


8 


5 


4 


Adjustments (SF7) 


3 


- 


- 


- 


2 


1 


- 


Total, certain former emp of U S gov't in Panama CZ 


207 


155 


43 


29 


42 


43 


36 


New arrivals (SG1) 


196 


152 


39 


29 


41 


42 


34 


Adjustments (SG6) 


11 


3 


4 


- 


1 


1 


2 


Total, accompanying spouse or child of SGI and SG6 


219 


164 


46 


36 


71 


51 


48 


New arrivals (SG2) 


218 


161 


43 


34 


71 


51 


48 


Adjustments (SG7) 


1 


3 


3 


2 


- 


- 


- 


Total, certain emp. of PC Co or CZ govt on 4/1/79 


- 


1 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Adjustments (SH6) 


- 


1 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Total foreign medical graduates. Act of 12/29/81 


X 


1,866 


790 


174 


87 


48 


28 


Total, foreign med. school grads adjustments (SJ6) 


X 


906 


360 


89 


44 


23 


11 


Total, accompanying spouse or child of SJ6 


X 


960 


430 


85 


43 


25 


17 


New arrivals (SJ2) 


X 


1 


8 


2 


1 


- 


3 


Adjustments (SJ?) 


X 


959 


422 


83 


42 


25 


14 


Total, retired employees of Intern 1 org and their families 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


374 


Total, retired employees of international organizations 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


11 


New arrivals (SKI) 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


6 


Adjustments (SK6) 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


5 


Total, accompanying spouse of SKI or SK6 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


9 


New arrivals (SK2) 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


2 


Adjustments (SK7) 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


7 


Total, unmarned child of SKI or SK6 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


351 


New arnvals (SK3) 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


35 


Adjustments (SK8) 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


316 


Total, surviving spouse of employee of intern'l org 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


3 


New arrivals (SK4) 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


1 


Adjustments (SK9) 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


2 



See footnotes at end of table. 



10 



TABLE 4. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY TYPE AND CLASS OF ADMISSION 
FISCAL YEARS 1981-87— Continued 



Class of admission 



Total, special K classes 

Total. Act of 10/24/62 (P.L. 87-555) 

Total, beneficiary of 4th preference petition 

New arnvals (K25) 

Total, spouse/child of bene, of 4th pref. petition 

New arrivals (K26) 



Total, refugee and asylee adjustments 

Refugee Relief Act of 1953, Act of 8/7/53 (Y64) 

Hungarian parolees. Act of 7/25/58 (M93) 

Refugee escapees, Act of 7/14/60 (M83) 

Total, Cuban refugees. Act of 11/2/66 

Cuban refugee (CU6) 

Non-Cuban spouse or child of Cuban refugee (CU7) 
Total, Indochinese refugees, Act of 10/28/77 

Indochinese refugee (IC6) 

Spouse or child of Indochinese refugee (IC7) 

Refugee parolees. Act of 10/5/78 (R86) 

Total, refugees, Act of 3/17/80 

Refugee {RE6) 

Spouse of refugee (RE7) 

Child of refugee (RE8) 

Total, asylees. Act of 3/17/80 

Asylee (AS6) 

Spouse of asylee (AS7) 

Child of asylee (AS8) 

Cuban/Haitian entrants. Act of 11/6/86 {CH6) 



Total, other adjustments 

Presumed admitted for lawful permanent residence (XB3) 

Suspension of deportation - other than crewman Sect. 244 (Z13) . 

Suspension of deportation - crewman Sect, 244 (Z56) 

Section 249 entered before 7/1/24 (Z33) 

Section 249 entered 7/1/24-6/28/40 (Z03) 

Section 249 entered 6/29/40-1/1/72 ' (Z66) 

Private bill (Z43) 

Section 13. Act of 9/11/57 (Z83) 

Total, Investors, Act of 12/29/81 

Investors (NP8) 

Accompanying spouse or child of NP8 (NP9) 

Individuals born under diplomatic status in U.S. (DS1) 

Total, Virgin Islands nonimmigrant, Act of 9/30/82 

H-2 nonimmigrant (VI6) 

Spouse or child of VI6 (VI7) 



Total, other classes 

Child born abroad to alien resident (NA3) 

American Indian born in Canada (SI 3) 

Child born subsequent to issuance of visa (XA3) . 



3,961 

3,894 

67 

19,589 

19,492 

97 

15,756 

66,439 

46,323 

5,314 

14,802 

1,498 

1,064 

177 

257 



3,167 

2,856 
146 

165 



156,601 

1 

2 

1,965 

1,910 

55 

13,666 

13,620 

46 

48,826 

90,282 

68,984 

5,627 

15,671 

1,859 

1,407 

190 

262 

X 

1,060 



881 

477 

404 

5 



1 

3,383 

3,157 
121 
105 



102,685 



3,274 

3,092 

182 

3,122 

3,012 

110 

13,409 

79,965 

54.303 

6.920 

18,742 

2,914 

1,797 

444 

673 



3,286 



28 

58 
3 

616 

319 

297 

6 

2,517 

1,325 

1,192 

3,610 

3,356 
109 

145 



92,127 



3,460 

3,192 

268 

875 

845 

30 

7.657 

74,528 

46,765 

7,894 

19,869 

5,607 

3,735 

782 

1,090 



128 

62 



7 
8 

3,894 

3,639 
135 
120 



95,040 



14,288 

14,057 

231 

166 

142 

24 

3,766 

71,820 

43.511 

7.797 

20.512 

5,000 

3,333 

702 

965 

X 

185 
22 



3,657 

3,429 
149 
79 



104,383 



30,152 

29.715 

437 

136 

135 

1 

1.720 

67,375 

39,957 

7.382 

20.036 

5,000 

3.433 

663 

904 

X 

147 



3,729 

3.450 
175 
104 



26,869 

26,618 

251 

83 

83 

866 
59,022 

34.599 
6,236 

18,187 
5,000 
2,992 
847 
1,161 
4,634 

8,250 



25 


8,060 


- 


5 


40 


35 


24 


15 



3,430 

3,174 
161 
95 



' Although nonpreference visas have been unavailable since 1978. there were 7 nonpreference immigrants admitted in fiscal year 1985 and 3 in fiscal 
year 1987. These cases were filed pnor to 1978, were denied by INS. but were appealed through the judicial system. 

■' The 389 suspension of deportation (Z11) immigrants reported in fiscal year 1986 include 192 immigrants who actually immigrated in fiscal year 1985. 
' Prior to fiscal year 1987 aliens must have entered before 6/30/48 to be eligible for Section 249. 
- Represents zero. X Not applicable. 



11 



TABLE 5. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY CLASS OF ADMISSION AND REGION AND SELECTED FOREIGN STATE 

OF CHARGEABILITY UNDER THE WORLDWIDE NUMERICAL LIMITATION 

FISCAL YEAR 1987 





Total 


Relative preferences 


Occupational preferences 




Region and foreign state of 
chargeability 


Total 


1st pref. 


2nd pref. 


4th pref. 


5th pref. 


Total 


3rd pref. 
principals 


3rd pref. 
benefic- 
iaries 


6th pref. 
principals 


6th pref. 
benefic- 
iaries 


Other 


All countries 


271,135 


211,809 


11,382 


110,758 


20,703 


68,966 


53,873 


12,048 


14,873 


11,623 


15,329 


5,453 


Europe 


25,440 


12,693 


769 


5,062 


2,502 


4,360 


10,878 


2,738 


3,424 


2,156 


2,560 


1,869 


Belgium 


321 
225 


55 
43 


7 
2 


24 
23 


13 
9 


11 
9 


235 
162 


54 
37 


85 
57 


42 
30 


54 
38 


31 


Denmark 


20 


France 


1,166 


317 


20 


158 


74 


65 


767 


183 


293 


124 


167 


82 


Germany, Fed Rep 


1,462 


432 


36 


202 


69 


125 


895 


243 


303 


161 


188 


135 


Greece 


1,028 


828 


41 


298 


104 


385 


200 


60 


25 


59 


56 


- 


Hungary 


135 


54 


9 


19 


17 


9 


68 


28 


20 


16 


4 


13 


Ireland 


1,779 


474 


144 


102 


124 


104 


488 


184 


156 


103 


45 


817 


Italy 


1,185 


759 


29 


278 


129 


323 


344 


80 


54 


119 


91 


82 


Netherlands 


643 


208 


13 


106 


31 


58 


392 


109 


141 


66 


76 


43 


Poland 


2,508 


2,001 


86 


888 


665 


362 


428 


103 


117 


111 


97 


79 


Portugal 


3,217 


2,586 


6 


914 


248 


1,418 


631 


27 


19 


205 


380 


- 


Portugal 


2,905 


2,337 


5 


821 


204 


1,307 


568 


14 


15 


190 


349 


- 


Macau 


312 


249 


1 


93 


44 


111 


63 


13 


4 


15 


31 


- 


Romania 


441 


315 


13 


163 


115 


24 


126 


43 


39 


25 


19 


- 


Spam 


669 


291 


20 


137 


40 


94 


377 


55 


55 


111 


156 


1 


Sweden 


448 


89 


15 


59 


9 


6 


313 


81 


137 


49 


46 


46 


Switzerland 


349 


71 


7 


44 


13 


7 


243 


56 


79 


57 


51 


35 


U.SSR 


488 


261 


22 


65 


131 


43 


227 


47 


51 


62 


67 


- 




7,862 


3,029 


255 


1,233 


528 


1,013 


4,417 


1,205 


1,631 


689 


892 


416 


United Kingdom 


6,965 


2,366 


137 


949 


446 


834 


4,203 


1,146 


1,573 


642 


842 


396 


Hong Kong 


703 


517 


113 


187 


67 


150 


173 


52 


47 


36 


38 


13 


Other United Kingdom 


194 


146 


5 


97 


15 


29 


41 


7 


11 


11 


12 


7 


Yugoslavia 


786 


606 


28 


223 


126 


229 


174 


34 


41 


42 


57 


6 


Other Europe 


728 


274 


16 


126 


57 


75 


391 


109 


121 


85 


76 


63 


Asia 


116,356 


92,950 


4,538 


41,539 


8,006 


38,867 


22,895 


6,890 


7,896 


3,647 


4,462 


511 


Afghanistan 


196 


147 


- 


112 


6 


29 


48 


4 


9 


11 


24 


1 


Bangladesh 


979 


775 


6 


386 


46 


337 


204 


81 


80 


18 


25 


- 


Buima 


801 


763 


3 


348 


77 


335 


38 


9 


7 


10 


12 


- 


China, Mainland 


20,267 


19,138 


72 


6,689 


2,670 


9,707 


1,111 


446 


435 


90 


140 


18 


India 


19,325 


14,705 


27 


7,540 


569 


6,569 


4,602 


2,483 


2,006 


48 


65 


18 


Indonesia 


778 


320 


5 


163 


31 


121 


242 


72 


51 


51 


68 


216 


Iran 


4,634 


2,761 


14 


1,677 


181 


889 


1,857 


596 


623 


295 


343 


16 


Iraq 


369 


257 


- 


88 


40 


129 


110 


30 


47 


18 


15 


2 


Israel 


1.876 


791 


26 


312 


183 


270 


1,085 


166 


381 


158 


380 


- 


Japan 


2,238 


654 


19 


303 


40 


292 


1,417 


201 


268 


644 


304 


167 


Jordan 


1,509 


1,412 


18 


693 


184 


517 


95 


23 


27 


16 


29 


2 


Koiea 


19,836 


18,610 


78 


8,985 


768 


8,779 


1,219 


326 


569 


79 


245 


7 


Kuwait 


249 


207 


1 


89 


26 


91 


42 


7 


20 


2 


13 


- 


Laos 


134 


127 


6 


100 


14 


7 


7 


- 


- 


3 


4 


- 


Lebanon 


2,235 


1,687 


24 


762 


304 


597 


542 


127 


107 


122 


186 


6 


Malaysia 


546 


299 


3 


129 


27 


140 


247 


101 


63 


41 


42 


- 


Pakistan 


4,220 


3,677 


10 


1,574 


113 


1,980 


537 


167 


154 


85 


131 


6 


Philippines 


19,671 


15,724 


3,953 


5,080 


1,943 


4,748 


3,912 


527 


1,509 


991 


885 


35 


Singapore 


225 


89 


2 


39 


11 


37 


136 


48 


58 


14 


16 


- 


Sri Lanka 


448 


220 


- 


107 


18 


95 


228 


68 


66 


52 


42 


- 


Syna 


772 


619 


7 


292 


59 


261 


152 


28 


21 


46 


57 


1 


Taiwan 


9,608 


5,389 


69 


3,730 


273 


1,317 


4,214 


1,193 


1,231 


622 


1,168 


5 


Thailand 


1,536 


1,262 


45 


809 


27 


381 


265 


60 


27 


106 


72 


9 


Turkey 


697 


340 


3 


208 


24 


105 


357 


89 


63 


91 


114 


- 


Vietnam 


2,404 


2,309 


59 


1,077 


274 


899 


93 


18 


22 


17 


36 


2 


Other Asia 


803 


668 


88 


247 


98 


235 


135 


20 


52 


17 


46 


- 


Africa 


6,822 


4,721 


105 


2,403 


408 


1,805 


2,059 


636 


763 


306 


354 


42 


Cape Verde 


490 


484 


13 


360 


21 


90 


6 


- 


- 


3 


3 


- 


Egypt 


1,612 


1,313 


22 


433 


88 


770 


299 


103 


106 


41 


49 


- 


Ethiopia 


342 


283 


3 


259 


- 


21 


53 


18 


16 


12 


7 


6 


Ghana 


396 


284 


19 


243 


3 


19 


108 


24 


23 


28 


33 


4 


Kenya 


509 


403 


1 


120 


23 


259 


106 


38 


39 


15 


14 


- 


Libena 


200 


161 


9 


113 


15 


24 


38 


9 


14 


8 


7 


1 


Morocco 


177 


100 


3 


43 


11 


43 


77 


20 


7 


29 


21 


_ 


Nigeria 


548 


298 


3 


272 


5 


18 


238 


100 


113 


12 


13 


12 







See footnotes at end of table. 



12 



TABLE 5. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY CLASS OF ADMISSION AND REGION AND SELECTED FOREIGN STATE 

OF CHARGEABILITY UNDER THE WORLDWIDE NUMERICAL LIMITATION 

FISCAL YEAR 1987— Continued 



Region and foreign state of 
chargeability 



Relative preferences 



1 St pref . 



2nd pref. 



4tfi pref. 



5th pref. 



Occupational preferences 



3rd pref. 
principals 



3rd pref. 
benefic- 
iaries 



6tfi pref. 
principals 



6tfi pref. 
benefic- 
iaries 



South Africa 

Tanzania 

Uganda 

Other Africa 

Oceania 

Australia 

Fiji 

New Zealand 

Tonga 

Other Oceania 

North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Antigua-Barbuda 

Bahamas, The 

Barbados 

Cuba 

Dominica 

Dominican Republic 

Grenada 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

St. Kitts-Nevis 

St. Lucia 

St. Vincent & Grenadines 

Trinidad & Tobago 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Peru 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Other South America 

Unknown 



1.045 
329 
301 

873 

1,895 

339 
954 
124 
376 
102 

94,310 

6,153 

20,943 

50,013 

657 

197 

1.309 

1.432 

524 

15.708 

926 

7,404 

17,865 

454 

332 

607 

2.598 

17,201 

852 

548 

7.169 

3.587 

2.666 

1.567 

812 

26,310 

1.088 

627 

838 

894 

6.329 

2.924 

9.434 

2.906 

394 

692 

184 



329 
256 
266 

544 

1,462 

70 
935 



99 

78,458 

2.193 

16.632 

46,671 

573 

154 

1,059 

1,415 

498 

15.511 

652 

6.993 

16.431 

420 

261 

467 

2.237 

12,962 

801 

443 

4,691 

2,469 

2,445 

1,369 

744 

21,525 

589 

425 

426 

608 

5,620 

2,560 

8,135 

2,398 

238 

421 

105 



11 

5,479 

321 
3.245 
1,567 

19 



132 
618 



129 

51 



152 
31 

47,835 

724 
5,570 
32,497 

423 

101 

766 

552 

331 

10,055 

467 

5,670 

11,858 

344 

194 

367 

1.369 

9,044 

567 

279 

3.544 

1.651 

1.818 

765 

420 

13,417 
263 

247 

226 

357 

3.769 

1.840 

4,919 

1,348 

104 

269 

75 



20 
29 

7,785 

848 
3,397 
2,559 

35 
19 
68 

296 
24 

683 
39 

105 



28 
276 
981 

67 
40 
219 
228 
162 



1,773 

110 



114 
341 
173 
673 
164 
23 
73 



142 
28 

17,359 

300 

4,420 

10,048 

96 

27 

179 

507 

127 

4,238 

135 

1.086 

2.989 

37 

56 

60 

511 

2,591 

141 

106 

885 

514 

345 

381 

219 

5,878 

190 
126 
124 
120 

1,404 
479 

2,414 

835 

102 

67 

17 



430 

268 



12,994 

3,170 

2,364 

3,275 

74 

39 

249 

12 

23 

186 

274 

407 

1,425 

29 

66 

138 

353 

4,185 

49 

97 

2,461 

1,104 

210 

197 

67 

4,617 

431 
202 
411 
268 
694 
339 
1,292 
484 
150 
269 
77 



1,245 

820 
144 
223 



8 
15 
112 
5 
3 
10 
25 
58 



334 
16 



1 

1,933 

1,326 
242 
258 

4 
14 



20 
5 
13 
143 
2 



31 
107 

10 
37 
21 

5 
29 

5 

693 

116 



1 

3,957 

359 

714 

1,297 

31 



150 

516 

11 

32 

54 

171 

1,587 

23 

39 

914 

428 

87 

71 

25 

1,488 

95 



264 
139 
404 
193 



5,859 

665 
1.264 
1,497 

33 
17 



125 
229 
654 



126 
2,433 

22 
44 
1.500 
642 
113 
83 
29 

2,019 

149 



280 
182 
756 
170 



' Includes suspension of deportation adjustments, private law adjustments, and foreign government official adjustments which are subject to numerical 
limitations. Includes nonpreference new arrivals and adjustments. 

- Represents zero. 

NOTE: Class of admission categories (subject to numerical limitations): 
1st pref. - Unmarried sons and daughters of U.S. citizens and their children. 
2nd pref. - Spouses, unmarried sons, and daughters of resident aliens and their children. 
4th pref. ■ Married sons and daughters of US citizens and their spouses and children. 
5th pref. ■ Brothers and sisters of U.S. citizens and their spouses and children. 
3rd pref. ■ Professionals or highly skilled workers (principals). 
3rd pref. • Spouses and children of pnncipals (beneficiaries). 
6th pref. - Workers in short supply (principals). 
6th pref. - Spouses and children of principals (beneficiaries). 



13 



IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY TYPE OF ADMISSION AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 
FISCAL YEAR 1987 



Region and country 
of birlh 



Immigrants admitted 



Subject to 
numerical 
limitations 



Exempt 

from 
numerical 
limitations 



Subject to 
numerical 
limitations 



Exempt 

from 
numerical 
limitations 



Adjustments of status 



Subject to 
numerical 
limitations 



Exempt 

from 
numerical 
limitations 



All countries 

Europe 

Austria 

Belgium 

Czechoslovakia 

Denmark 

Finland 

France 

Germany, Fed. Rep. 

Greece 

Hungary 

Ireland 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

U.S.S.R 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

Afghanistan 

Bangladesh 

Burma 

Cambodia '. 

China, Mainland 

Cyprus 

Hong Kong 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Iraq 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Kuwait 

Laos 

Lebanon 

Macau 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Saudi Arabia 

Singapore 

Sn Lanka 

Syria 

Taiwan 

Thailand 

Turkey 

Vietnam 

Yemen (Sanaa) 

Other Asia 

Africa , 

Cape Verde 

Egypt 

Ethiopia 

Ghana 

Kenya 



601,516 

61,174 

483 

636 
1,357 

537 

331 
2,513 
7,210 
2,653 

994 
3,060 
2,784 
1,230 

326 
7,519 
3,912 
3,837 
1,578 
1,057 

759 
2,384 
13,497 
1,827 

690 

257,684 

2,424 

1,649 

941 

12,460 

25,841 

331 

4,706 

27,803 

1,254 

14,426 

1,072 

3,699 

4,174 

3,125 

35,849 

507 

6,828 

4,367 

254 

1,016 

6,319 

50,060 

294 

469 

630 

1,669 

11,931 

6,733 

1,596 

24,231 

577 

449 

17,724 

657 
3,377 
2,156 
1,120 

698 



23,925 

191 

315 

115 

208 

124 

1,104 

1,433 

1,029 

133 

1,798 

1,169 

556 

63 

2,500 

2,865 

439 

670 

449 

339 

489 

6,916 

789 

231 

117,519 

194 
967 
740 
134 
18,358 
158 

3,065 

19,712 

743 

4,642 
373 

1,806 

2,053 

1,555 

19,964 

247 

126 

2,226 
215 
490 

3,951 
19,844 
133 
215 
428 
759 

9,521 

1,526 
696 

2,244 
205 
229 

6,704 

469 
1,591 
341 
398 
451 



330,381 

37,249 

292 
321 

1,242 

329 

207 

1,409 

5,777 

1,624 

861 

1,262 

1,615 

674 

263 

5.019 

1,047 

3,398 



420 
1,895 
6,581 
1,038 

459 

140,165 

2,230 

682 

201 

12,326 

7,483 

173 

1,641 

8,091 

511 

9,784 

699 

1,893 

2,121 

1,570 

15,885 

260 

6,702 

2,141 

39 

526 

2,368 

30,216 

161 

254 

202 

910 

2,410 

5,207 

900 

21,987 

372 

220 

11,020 

188 

1.786 

1.815 

722 

247 



386,995 

31,015 

226 
300 
161 
293 

161 

1.115 

4,639 

1,843 

219 

1,960 

1.440 

605 

163 

2,499 

3,413 

608 

931 

545 

356 

738 

7,222 

1,216 

362 

159,825 

177 

1,239 

845 

209 

22,219 

200 

3,350 

21,925 

783 

4,387 

344 

1,844 

2,684 

2,204 

32,135 

253 

183 

2,420 

211 

493 

4,954 

40,476 

157 

220 

378 

951 

7,493 

2,148 

905 

3,170 

509 

359 

7,599 

544 
1,940 
365 
612 
443 



239,941 

17,269 

123 
170 

66 
129 

79 
619 
832 
901 

69 

1,457 

933 

320 

41 

1,978 

2,773 

366 

523 

276 

197 

348 

4.209 

681 

179 

102,892 

127 
837 
722 
123 
1 7,364 
128 

2,776 

16,154 

613 

3,279 
228 

1,164 

1,562 

1,443 

18,868 

204 

112 

1,747 
193 
352 

3,636 
19,174 
115 
126 
299 
653 

6,453 

1,416 
509 

2,118 
193 
204 

5,265 

465 
1,354 
268 
355 
364 



147,054 

13,746 

103 
130 

95 
164 

82 
496 
3,807 
942 
150 
503 
507 
285 
122 
521 
640 
242 
408 
269 
159 
390 
3,013 
535 
183 

56,933 

50 

402 

123 

86 

4,855 

72 

574 

5,771 

170 

1,108 

116 

680 

1,122 

761 

13,267 

49 

71 

673 

18 

141 

1,318 

21,302 

42 

94 

79 

298 

1,040 

732 

396 

1,052 

316 

155 

2,334 

79 
586 



214,521 

30,159 

257 

336 

1,196 

244 

170 

1,398 

2,571 

810 

775 

1,100 

1,344 

625 

163 

5,020 

499 

3,229 

647 

512 

403 

1,646 

6,275 

611 

328 

97,859 

2,247 

410 

96 

12,251 

3,622 

131 

1,356 

5,878 

471 

10,039 

728 

1,855 

1,490 

921 

3,714 

254 

6,645 

1,947 

43 

523 

1,365 

9,584 

137 

249 

252 

718 

4,438 

4,585 

691 

21,061 

68 

90 

10,125 

113 

1,437 

1,791 

508 

255 



31,194 



145 
49 



485 
601 
128 

64 
341 
236 
236 

22 
522 

92 

73 
147 
173 
142 
141 
2,707 
108 

52 

14,627 

67 

130 

18 

11 

994 

30 

289 

3,558 

130 

1,363 

145 

642 

491 

112 

1,096 

43 

14 

479 



138 

315 

670 

18 

89 

129 

106 

3,068 

110 

187 

126 

12 

25 



183,327 

23,503 

189 
191 

1,147 
165 
125 
913 

1,970 
682 
711 
759 

1,108 
389 
141 

4,498 
407 

3,156 
500 
339 
261 

1,505 

3,568 
503 
276 

83,232 

2,180 

280 

78 

12,240 

2,628 
101 

1,067 

2,320 
341 

8,676 
583 

1,213 
999 
809 

2,618 
211 

6,631 

1.468 
21 
385 

1,050 

8,914 
119 
160 
123 
612 

1,370 

4,475 

504 

20,935 

56 

65 

8,686 

109 

1,200 

1,718 

465 

168 



14 



TABLE 6. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY TYPE OF ADMISSION AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 

FISCAL YEAR 1987— Continued 



Region and country 
of birth 



Immigrants admitted 



Subject to 
numerical 
limitations 



Exempt 

from 
numerical 
limitations 



Subject to 
numerical 
limitations 



Exempt 

from 
numerical 
limitations 



Adjustments of status 



Subject to 
numerical 
limitations 



Liberia 

Morocco 

Nigeria 

Sierra Leone 

South Africa 

Tanzania 

Uganda 

Zimbabwe 

Other Africa 

Oceania 

Australia 

Fiji 

New Zealand 

Tonga 

Other Oceania 

North America 

Canada , 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Antigua-Barbuda 

Bahamas, The 

Barbados 

British Virgin Is 

Cuba 

Dominica 

Dominican Republic 

Grenada 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

St. Kitts-Nevis 

St. Lucia 

St. Vincent & Grenadines 

Trinidad & Tobago 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

Other North America 

South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Paraguay 

Peru 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Other South America 

Unknown or not reported 



622 
635 

3,278 
453 

1,741 
385 
357 
252 

1,993 

3,993 

1,253 

1,205 

591 

545 

399 

216,550 

11,876 

72,351 

102,899 

874 

556 

1,665 

296 

28.916 

740 

24,858 

1,098 

14,819 

23,148 

589 

496 

746 

3,543 

555 

29,296 

1,354 

1,391 

10,693 

5,729 

4,751 

3,294 

2,084 

128 

44,385 

2.106 

1,170 

2,505 

2,140 

11,700 

4,641 

11,384 

291 

5,901 

709 

1,694 

144 



200 
184 
552 
132 
1,041 
292 
259 
135 
659 

1,923 

363 
927 
133 
383 

117 

94,884 

6,150 

21.558 

50,236 

638 

202 

1,295 

144 

1,391 

508 

15,691 

900 

7,385 

1 7,834 

442 

328 

585 

2,601 

292 

16,873 

848 

573 

7,001 

3,469 

2,650 

1,532 

800 

67 

26,179 

1,067 

619 

851 

889 

6,284 

2,877 

9,404 

90 

2,893 

396 

711 



422 

451 

2.726 

321 

700 

93 

98 

117 

1,334 

2,070 

890 
278 
458 
162 
282 

121,666 

5,726 

50,793 

52,663 

236 

354 

370 

152 

27.525 

232 

9,167 

198 

7,434 

5,314 

147 

168 

161 

942 

263 

12,423 

506 

818 

3,692 

2,260 

2.101 

1,762 

1.284 

61 

18,206 

1.039 

551 

1.654 

1.251 

5.416 

1.764 

1,980 

201 

3,008 

313 

983 

46 



231 
268 
645 
150 
938 
269 
258 
134 
802 

2,463 

575 
1,105 
260 
404 
119 

152,003 

7,049 
57,785 
62,787 

676 

273 
1.391 

157 
1.812 

677 
22.923 

971 

8,759 

20,468 

492 

404 

651 
2,760 

373 

24,301 

1,082 

993 
9,822 
4,883 
3,990 
1,886 
1,645 
81 

34,090 

1,195 

839 

1.300 

1,460 

9,463 

3.626 

10.541 

220 

4.050 

485 

806 

105 



156 
138 

407 
97 
616 
232 
222 
100 
491 

1,571 

142 
910 



81 

88,485 

4,296 
18,987 
49,042 

610 

167 

1,239 

124 

1,355 

502 

15,533 

873 

7,213 

17,416 

423 

315 

572 

2,434 

266 

16,115 

829 

515 

6,883 

3,339 

2.550 

1.245 

754 

45 

24,459 

845 

578 

630 

770 

5.953 

2.779 

9,230 

77 

2,628 

357 

521 



75 
130 
238 



892 

433 
195 
184 
42 
38 

63,518 

2,753 

38,798 

13,745 

66 

106 

152 

33 

457 

175 

7,390 

98 

1.546 

3,052 

69 

89 

79 

326 

107 

8,186 

253 

478 

2,939 

1,544 

1,440 

641 

891 

36 

9,631 

350 
261 
670 
690 

3.510 
847 

1,311 
143 

1.422 

128 

285 

14 



391 
367 

2.633 
303 
803 
116 
99 
118 

1,191 

1,530 

678 
100 
331 
141 
280 

64,547 

4,827 

14,566 

40,112 

198 

283 

274 

139 

27,104 

63 

1,935 

127 

6,060 

2,680 

97 

92 

95 

783 

182 

4,995 

272 

398 

871 

846 

761 

1.408 

439 

47 



10,295 

911 
331 

1,205 
680 

2,237 

1.015 

843 

71 

1.851 

224 

888 

39 

6 



352 

221 

17 



36 

6,399 

1,854 

2,571 

1,194 

28 

35 

56 

20 

36 

6 

158 

27 

172 

418 



167 
26 
758 
19 
58 
118 
130 
100 
287 
46 
22 

1,720 
222 

41 
221 
119 
331 

98 
174 

13 
265 

39 

190 

7 

1 



Represents zero. 



15 



IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED CLASS OF ADMISSION 
AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 
FISCAL YEAR 1987 



Region and country 
of birth 



Subject to 
numerical 
limitations 



Immigrants exempt from numerical limitations 



Immediate 
relatives' 



Parents of 
adult U.S. 
citizens 



Spouses 

of U.S. 

citizens ' 



Children 

of U.S. 

citizens ' 



Refugee 

and 
asylee 
adjust- 
ments 



Special 
immi- 
grants 



Children 

born 
abroad to 
aliens ' 



All countries 

Europe 

Austna 

Belgium 

Czechoslovakia 

Denmark 

Finland 

France 

Germany, Fed. Rep 

Greece 

Hungary 

Ireland 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Poland , 

Portugal 

Romania 

Spam 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

U.S.S.R 

United Kingdom , 

Yugoslavia , 

Other Europe 

Asia 

Afghanistan 

Bangladesh 

Burma 

Cambodia 

China, Mainland 

Cyprus , 

Hong Kong 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Iraq 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Kuwait 

Laos 

Lebanon 

Macau 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Saudi Arabia 

Singapore 

Sn Lanka 

Syna 

Taiwan 

Thailand 

Turkey 

Vietnam 

Yemen (Sanaa) 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Cape Verde 

Egypt 

Ethiopia 

Ghana 

See footnotes at end of table. 
16 



601,516 

61,174 

483 

636 
1,357 

537 

331 
2,513 
7,210 
2,653 

994 
3,060 
2,784 
1,230 

326 
7,519 
3.912 
3,837 
1,578 
1,057 

759 
2,384 
13,497 
1,827 

690 

257,684 

2,424 

1,649 

941 

12.460 

25,841 

331 

4,706 

27,803 

1,254 

14,426 

1.072 

3,699 

4.174 

3,125 

35,849 

507 

6,828 

4,367 

254 

1,016 

6,319 

50.060 

294 

469 

630 

1,669 

11,931 

6,733 

1.596 

24.231 

577 

449 

17,724 

657 
3.377 
2.156 
1.120 



271,135 

23,925 

191 

315 

115 

208 

124 

1,104 

1,433 

1,029 

133 

1.798 

1,169 

556 

63 

2,500 

2,865 

439 

670 

449 

339 

489 

6.916 

789 

231 

117,519 

194 
967 
740 
134 
18,358 
158 

3,065 

19,712 

743 

4,642 
373 

1,806 

2,053 

1.555 

19.964 

247 

126 

2,226 
215 
490 

3,951 
19.844 
133 
215 
428 
759 

9,521 

1,526 
696 

2,244 
205 
229 

6,704 

469 

1.591 

341 

398 



330,381 

37,249 

292 

321 

1.242 

329 

207 

1.409 

5,777 

1,624 

861 

1,262 

1,615 

674 

263 

5,019 

1,047 

3.398 

908 

608 

420 

1.895 

6.581 

1,038 

459 

140,165 

2,230 

682 

201 

12,326 

7,483 

173 

1,641 

8,091 

511 

9,784 

699 

1.893 

2,121 

1.570 

15.885 

260 

6.702 

2.141 

39 

526 

2,368 

30,216 

161 

254 

202 

910 

2,410 

5,207 

900 

21.987 

372 

220 

11,020 

188 
1.786 
1.815 

722 



218,575 

26,659 

240 

296 

164 

323 

192 

1.348 

5,597 

1,548 

259 

1,224 

1,500 

647 

255 

1,620 

1,025 

414 

820 

589 

403 

640 

6,311 

964 

280 

83,640 

79 

633 

198 

116 

6,709 

169 

1,424 

7,645 

356 

4,154 

378 

1,723 

2,003 

1,528 

15,449 

249 

139 

2,091 

33 

441 

2.118 

28.278 

134 

225 

163 

860 

2,277 

1,288 

856 

1,366 

366 

192 

8,741 

187 

1.694 

311 

675 



45,183 



146 
228 
35 
99 
236 



349 
334 
223 



306 
356 
208 



28,650 

41 

175 

135 

61 

4,667 

22 

145 

4,621 

61 

1,736 

100 

166 

103 

369 

4,267 

79 



715 
),045 



242 
768 
291 
276 
878 



132,452 

21,053 

205 

250 

124 

296 

173 

1,183 

4.718 

1,150 

190 

946 

1.178 

578 

221 

1.068 

597 

168 

649 

559 

364 

290 

5,277 

671 

198 

37,388 

37 

380 

60 

38 

1,893 

136 

1,064 

2,116 

254 

2,320 

272 

1,360 

1,693 

1,038 

4,554 

239 

47 

1,428 

18 

384 

1,270 

12,709 

121 

195 

101 

590 

1,191 

761 

539 

345 

126 

109 

7,449 

100 

1,310 

240 

559 



40,940 
2,748 



102 
733 
170 

34 
179 

86 



203 
94 
23 



678 
85 

16 



215 
908 



197 

207 

121 

6,628 

10 

13 

119 



133 
7,524 



318 
236 



143 
230 



50 
29 
101 



96,474 



9,685 



589 

1 

37 



1,242 

10 

34 

165 

52,602 

2,141 
3 

12,206 
540 

102 
23 
138 
5,559 
310 
5 



67 
66 
386 



1,719 



310 

7 
15 



3 
31 
177 



6 
100 



258 
2 



13 
250 



271 
2 



653 

5 



IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED CLASS OF ADMISSION 
AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 
FISCAL YEAR 1987— Continued 



Region and country 
of birth 



Subject to 
numerical 
limitations 



Immigrants exempt from numerical limitations 



Immediate 
relatives' 



Parents of 
adult U.S. 
citizens 



Spouses 

of U.S. 

citizens ' 



Children 

of U.S. 

citizens ' 



Refugee 

and 
asylee 
adjust- 
ments 



Special 
immi- 
grants 



Children 

born 
abroad to 
aliens ' 



Kenya 

Liberia 

IVIorocco 

Nigena 

Sierra Leone 

South Africa 

Tanzania 

Uganda 

Zimbabwe 

Other Africa 

Oceania 

Australia 

Fill 

New Zealand 

Tonga 

Other Oceania 

North America 

Canada 

N/lexico 

Caribbean 

Antigua-Barbuda 

Bahamas, The 

Barbados 

British Virgin Is 

Cuba 

Dominica 

Dominican Republic 

Grenada 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

St. Kitts-Nevis 

St. Lucia 

St. Vincent & Grenadines 

Trinidad & Tobago 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica , 

El Salvador , 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

Other North America 

South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Paraguay 

Peru 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Other South America 

Unknown or not reported 



698 
622 
635 

3,278 
453 

1,741 
385 
357 
252 

1.993 

3,993 

1.253 

1.205 

591 

545 

399 

216,550 

11.876 

72,351 

102,899 

874 

556 

1,665 

296 

28.916 

740 

24,858 

1.098 

14,819 

23,148 

589 

496 

746 

3.543 

555 

29,296 

1,354 

1,391 

10,693 

5,729 

4.751 

3,294 

2,084 

128 

44,385 

2.106 

1.170 

2.505 

2,140 

11,700 

4,641 

11,384 

291 

5,901 

709 

1,694 

144 



451 
200 
184 
552 
132 
1,041 
292 
259 
135 
659 

1,923 

363 
927 
133 
383 
117 

94,884 

6,150 

21,558 

50,236 

638 

202 

1,295 

144 

1,391 

508 

15,691 

900 

7,385 

17,834 

442 

328 

585 

2,601 

292 

16,873 

848 

573 

7,001 

3,469 

2,650 

1.532 

800 

67 

26,179 

1,067 

619 

851 

889 

6,284 

2,877 

9,404 

90 

2,893 

396 

711 



247 
422 

451 

2,726 

321 

700 

93 

98 

117 

1,334 

2,070 

890 
278 
458 
162 
282 

121,666 

5.726 

50.793 

52,663 

236 

354 

370 

152 

27.525 

232 

9.167 

198 

7.434 

5.314 

147 

168 

161 

942 

263 

12,423 

506 

818 

3,692 

2,260 

2,101 

1.762 

1,284 

61 

18,206 

1.039 

551 

1.654 

1.251 

5.416 

1,764 

1.980 

201 

3.008 

313 

983 

46 



222 

392 
442 
2,640 
245 
606 
88 
66 
102 
1,071 

1,988 

850 
272 

434 
161 
271 

80,871 

5,265 

44.618 

19,953 

205 

266 

326 

126 

522 

213 

8.789 

182 

2.814 

5.025 

130 

159 

142 

816 

238 

10,979 

399 

774 

3,370 

2.078 

2.009 

1.184 

1.165 

56 

16,673 

856 
483 

1.546 

1.119 

5.085 

1.491 

1,902 

183 

2.767 

272 

926 

43 



29 

9,671 

173 

4.123 

3,310 

34 

7 

61 

20 

285 

51 

1,323 

51 

424 

820 

25 

28 

21 

142 



2,045 

92 
88 
702 
399 
275 
366 
123 



3,066 

169 

99 

45 

218 

794 

314 

699 

20 

607 

52 



188 

315 
389 
2.571 
212 
410 
69 
49 
84 
953 

1,544 

745 
143 
385 
104 
167 

54,932 

4,296 

32,328 

12,157 

138 

167 

199 

80 

155 

109 

5,274 

98 

1,950 

2.993 

83 

91 

85 

555 

180 

6,119 

215 

470 

1.937 

1.102 

1.105 

587 

703 

32 

10,085 

601 
281 

1.191 
551 

2.897 

937 

893 

59 

1.721 
187 
738 



35 

46 

7 

75 

16,268 

796 
8,167 
4,486 
33 
92 
66 



440 
1,212 



36 

119 

40 

2,815 

92 
216 
731 
577 
629 
231 
339 



3,522 

86 
103 
310 
350 
1,394 
240 
310 
104 
439 

33 



142 



32,303 



36 

555 



716 


2,101 


124 


60 


188 


1,606 


209 


358 


4 


1 


4 


3 


7 


6 


1 


5 


19 


- 


6 


12 


60 


217 



340 


193 


62 


13 


18 


7 


56 


21 


54 


4 


65 


59 


16 


51 


15 


4 


6 


3 


27 


14 



Includes parents, spouses, and children of U.S. citizens. 

Includes persons who entered as fiances(ees) and have marned US citizens 

Includes children whose parents entered as fiances(ees) and have marned U.S. citizens 

Includes children born abroad to U.S. lawful permanent resident aliens and babies born after the issuances of visas. 

Represents zero. 



17 



IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED CLASS OF ADMISSION AND REGION 
AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF LAST PERMANENT RESIDENCE 
FISCAL YEAR 1987 



Region and country of 
last permanent residence 



Subject to 
numerical 
limitations 



Immigrants exempt from numerical limitations 



Immediate 
relatives 



Parents of Spouses 
adult U.S. of U.S. 
citizens citizens ' 



Children 

of U.S. 

citizens ' 



Refugee 

and 
asylee 
adjust- 
ments 



Special 
immi- 
grants 



Cf>lldren 

born 
abroad to 
aliens ' 



All countries 

Europe 

Austna 

Belgium 

Czechoslovakia 

Denmark 

Finland 

France 

Germany. Federal Rep 

Greece 

Hungary 

Ireland 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

U.S.S.R 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

Afghanistan 

Bangladesh 

Burma 

Cambodia 

China, Mainland 

Cyprus 

Hong Kong 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Iraq 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Kuwait 

Laos 

Lebanon 

Macau 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Saudi Arabia 

Singapore 

Sri Lanka 

Syria 

Taiwan 

Thailand 

Turkey 

United Arab Emirates 

Vietnam 

Yemen (Sanaa) 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Cape Verde 

Egypt 

Ethiopia 

See loolnoles at end of table. 

18 



601,516 

67,967 

1,769 

859 

715 

515 

286 

3,809 

9,907 

4,087 

632 

3,032 

4,666 

1,303 

372 

5,818 

4,009 

2,741 

2,056 

1,168 

964 

1,139 

15,889 

1,793 

438 

248,293 

1,055 

1,536 

597 

3,979 

18,589 

536 

8,785 

26,394 

2,772 

10,323 

516 

4,753 

4,711 

2,826 

35,397 

906 

3,331 

2,951 

464 

1,392 

. 7,046 

58,315 

1,047 

956 

503 

1.364 

14.080 

16.489 

2.080 

560 

13.073 

483 

484 

15,730 

576 
3.176 
1.28$ 



271,135 

27,729 

295 

448 

33 

201 

108 

1,760 

2,036 

1,899 

69 

1,819 

1.079 

596 

102 

2.205 

2,976 

326 

925 

511 

420 

133 

8,916 

719 

153 

112,216 

70 

906 

451 

6 

15,035 

243 

5,460 

18.598 

698 

2.798 

150 

2,339 

2,022 

1,430 

19,751 

489 

10 

1,108 

353 

417 

3,670 

19,666 

524 

306 

323 

595 

10,282 

2,609 

1,013 

359 

147 

155 

233 

5,482 

403 

1,476 

212 



330,381 

40,238 

1,474 

411 

682 

314 

178 

2.049 

7.871 

2.188 

563 

1,213 

3,587 

707 

270 

3,613 

1,033 

2,415 

1,131 

657 

544 

1,006 

6.973 

1.074 

285 

136,077 

985 

630 

146 

3.973 

3,554 

293 

3,325 

7,796 

2,074 

7,525 

366 

2.414 

2.689 

1.396 

15.646 

417 

3.321 

1.843 

111 

975 

3,376 

38,649 

523 

650 

180 

769 

3,798 

13,880 

1.067 

201 

12,926 

328 

251 

10,248 

173 
1,700 
1.071 



218,575 

28,048 

331 

368 

80 

303 

166 

1,826 

6,572 

1,756 

198 

1,176 

1,554 

679 

261 

1,450 

1,011 

303 

904 

633 

489 

317 

6,624 

868 

179 

81,206 

31 

582 

145 

7 

3,348 

289 

2.691 

7.166 

326 

3,220 

248 

2,222 

2,537 

1,352 

15,233 

403 

47 

1,791 

90 

384 

2,162 

27,418 

492 

296 

142 

732 

3,625 

2,325 

977 

184 

181 

322 

238 

8,085 

172 

1,560 

239 



45,183 



195 
324 
296 



226 
43 
14 
312 
325 
167 
79 
18 
32 
136 
592 



27,788 

13 

159 

106 

2 

1,775 

57 

1,142 

4,378 

53 

1,232 

54 

358 

119 

277 

4,227 

77 

31 



804 

8,072 

33 

40 

53 

203 

2,060 

1,284 

388 

38 

65 



132,452 

21,972 

238 

307 

60 

282 

148 

1,518 

5.435 

1.254 

151 

895 

1,231 

588 

222 

941 

581 

115 

734 

596 

431 

154 

5,365 

588 

138 

35,978 

17 

342 

35 

5 

1,445 

206 

1,321 

1,886 

228 

1,934 

189 

1,663 

2,065 

949 

4,421 

318 

15 

1,159 

37 

324 

1,224 

11,957 

429 

226 

84 

496 

1,259 

735 

537 

133 

78 

115 

146 

6,780 

94 

1,195 

180 



40,940 
2,884 



113 
813 
206 



17,440 



228 
902 

45 

54 

5 

201 

353 

126 

6.585 

8 

1 



134 
7,389 



33 
306 
306 



202 
69 

538 

30 

50 



96,474 



11,317 

1,129 



166 

1,195 

387 

362 

6 

1,959 



2,091 
192 



51,054 

948 



3,966 
79 

472 

241 

1.728 

4.241 

112 

15 

26 

5 



3,271 

27 

20 

574 

1,024 

9.705 

6 

329 

9 

25 

23 

11,380 

60 

4 

12,742 



1,588 

58 
767 



3,269 



1,908 



108 

66 

3 

233 



32 
107 



TABLE 8. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED CLASS OF ADMISSION AND REGION 

AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF LAST PERMANENT RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1987— Continued 



Region and country of 
last permanent residence 



Subject to 
numerical 
limitations 



Immigrants exempt from numerical limitations 



Immediate 
relatives' 



Parents of 
adult U.S. 
citizens 



Spouses 

of U.S. 

citizens ^ 



Children 

of U.S. 

citizens ' 



Refugee 

and 
asylee 
adjust- 
ments 



Special 
immi- 
grants 



Children 

born 
abroad to 
aliens ' 



Ghana 

Kenya 

Liberia 

N/lorocco , 

Nigeria , 

Sierra Leone 

South Africa , 

Sudan , 

Other Africa 

Oceania 

Australia , 

Fiji 

New Zealand 

Tonga , 

Other Oceania 

North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Antigua-Barbuda 

Bahamas, The 

Barbados 

Bermuda 

British Virgin Is 

Cuba 

Dominica 

Dominican Republic 

Grenada 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

St. Kitts-Nevis 

St. Lucia , 

SI. Vincent & Grenadines 

Trinidad & Tobago 

Other Canbbean 

Central America 

Belize , 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

Other North America 

South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia , 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Paraguay 

Peru 

Uruguay 

Venezuela , 

Other South America 

Unknown or not reported 



962 
428 
669 
405 

3,427 
435 

1,785 
662 

1,922 

4,437 

1,730 

1,182 

582 

524 

419 

220,244 

16,741 

72,511 

100,615 

895 

737 

1,711 

213 

296 

27,363 

700 

24,947 

1,014 

14,643 

22,430 

545 

482 

702 

3,546 

391 

30,366 

1,379 

1,890 

10,627 

5,843 

4,811 

3,017 

2,799 

11 

44,782 

2,192 
1,186 
2,729 
2,032 
11,482 
4,656 
10,894 

442 
5,795 

663 
2,525 

186 

63 



360 
184 
221 

83 

656 

125 

1,036 

68 
658 

2,104 

577 
913 
148 
367 
99 

97,108 

9,295 

21,605 

48,455 

639 

303 

1,340 

78 

161 

159 

482 

15,769 

845 

7,272 

1 7,300 

409 

322 

556 

2,604 

216 

17,746 

864 

973 

6,966 

3,569 

2,713 

1,334 

1,327 

7 

26,473 

1,124 

640 
1,025 

838 
6,198 
2,879 
9,011 

221 
2,825 

366 
1,213 

133 

23 



602 
244 

448 
322 

2,771 
310 
749 
594 

1,264 

2,333 

1,153 
269 
434 
157 
320 

123,136 

7,446 

50,906 

52,160 

256 I 

434 

371 

135 

135 

27,204 

218 

9,178 

169 

7,371 

5,130 

136 

160 

146 

942 

175 

12,620 

515 

917 

3,661 

2,274 

2,098 

1,683 

1,472 



18,309 

1,068 

546 

1,704 

1,194 

5,284 

1,777 

1,883 

221 

2,970 

297 

1,312 

53 



40 



555 
195 
414 
310 

2,667 
236 
657 
66 

1,014 

2,196 

1,080 
263 
410 
156 
287 

82,277 

6.865 

44,708 

19,577 

223 

365 

327 

126 

119 

319 

199 

8.795 

156 

2,728 

4,847 

116 

152 

125 

814 

166 

11,124 

405 

847 

3,335 

2,091 

2.008 

1,113 

1,325 



16,731 

877 

473 
1,593 
1,065 
4,961 
1.499 
1,808 

196 
2,731 

260 

1,218 

50 



32 



10 
167 



30 

9,967 

508 
4,146 
3,178 

45 
14 
61 
9 
13 
175 



417 
790 



110 
692 
415 
282 
351 
191 



3,224 

214 
95 
86 
214 
795 
315 
663 
27 
620 
58 
133 



445 
166 
333 
268 
2,599 
203 
411 
60 
826 

1,697 

924 
130 
365 
100 
178 

56,003 

5,520 

32,390 

11,934 

138 

259 

200 

97 

90 



10,000 

581 
275 

1,204 
504 

2,783 
947 
832 
63 

1,671 
167 
933 
40 

22 



3 
106 



79 

16,307 

837 

8,172 

4,465 

40 

92 



66 



100 


49 


5,257 


2,205 


83 


35 


1,868 


443 


2,846 


1,211 


74 


21 


87 


41 


76 


34 


532 


121 


128 


26 


6,156 


2,833 


219 


92 


509 


228 


1,913 


730 


1,107 


569 


1,097 


629 


545 


217 


766 


368 



3,507 

82 
103 
303 
347 
1.383 
237 
313 
106 
440 

35 
152 



523 
185 



27 

179 
15 
38 

550 
16 



776 

186 

189 

193 

2 



357 

64 



2,106 

62 

1,607 

360 



193 

13 



' Includes parents, spouses, and children of US. citizens. 

' Includes persons who entered as fiances(ees) and have married U.S. citizens. 

' Includes children whose parents entered as fiances(ees) and have married U.S. citizens. 

' Includes children born abroad to U.S. lawful permanent resident aliens and babies born after the issuances of visas. 

- Represents zero. 



19 



TABLE 9. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED WHO WERE ADJUSTED TO PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUS 

BY SELECTED STATUS AT ENTRY AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 

FISCAL YEAR 1987 



Region and country 
of birth 



Visitors 
for busi- 
ness 



Visitors 
for pleas- 
ure 



Treaty 
traders 
and in- 
vestors' 



Stu- 
dents' 



Tempor- 
ary work- 



Exchange 
visitors' 



Fiances- 
tees)' 



Intracom- 
pany 

transfer- 
ees' 



Refugees 
and parol- 
ees 



All countries . 



Europe 

Austria 

Belgium 

Czechoslovakia 

Denmark 

Finland 

France 

Germany, Fed. Rep. 

Greece 

Hungary 

Ireland 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Nor>/vay 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland , 

USSR 

United Kingdom , 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 



Asia 

Afghanistan 

Bangladesh 

Burma 

Cambodia 

China, Mainland . 

Cyprus 

Hong Kong 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Iraq 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Kuwait 

Laos 

Lebanon 

Macau 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Saudi Arabia 

Singapore 

Sri Lanka 

Syria 

Taiwan 

Thailand 

Turkey 

Vietnam 

Yemen (Sanaa) .. 
Other Asia 



Africa 

Cape Verde . 

Egypt 

Ethiopia 

Ghana 



214,521 

30,159 

257 

336 

1,196 

244 

170 

1,398 

2,571 

810 

775 

1,100 

1,344 

625 

163 

5,020 

499 

3,229 

647 

512 

403 

1,646 

6,275 

611 

328 

97,859 

2,247 

410 

96 

12,251 

3,622 

131 

1,356 

5,878 

471 

10,039 

728 

1,855 

1,490 

921 

3,714 

254 

6,645 

1,947 

43 

523 

1,365 

9,584 

137 

249 

252 

718 

4,438 

4,585 

691 

21,061 

68 

90 

10,125 

113 
1,437 
1,791 

508 



3,293 



10 

8 

157 



221 
3 



40 

13 

212 



453 
5 



130 
23 



72,637 

12,091 

123 
125 
118 
114 
85 
683 

1,426 
469 
197 
676 
944 
245 
77 

1,720 
354 
287 
357 
261 
177 
379 

2,725 
435 
116 

22,540 

151 

111 

46 

60 

1,573 

38 

422 

2,057 

118 

3,953 

289 

1,139 

525 

412 

1,539 

54 

136 

1,068 



142 

667 

4,949 

38 

77 

61 

349 

1,271 

387 

357 

456 

46 

39 



1,032 
280 
265 



1,731 



1,909 



5,369 



2 
262 



1,215 

12 



14 

3 

815 

65 

535 

1,336 

104 

2,624 

121 

193 

276 

433 

903 

173 

3 

646 

15 

191 

345 

339 

80 

77 

78 

297 

1,631 

332 

156 

34 

16 

29 



158 
176 



122 
153 



4,534 



102 
1,509 



251 
134 



9 
566 



92,918 
9,346 



62 


7 


12 


1,034 


34 


5 


11 


- 


218 


20 


159 


145 



67 


59 


132 


11 


12 


3 


10 


3,028 



1,185 
104 



49,941 

2,034 

3 

1 

12,181 

531 

3 

112 

59 

138 

2,933 

276 



587 
6 



29 
3,741 



20,488 
2 



1,569 



See footnotes at end of table. 



20 



TABLE 9. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED WHO WERE ADJUSTED TO PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUS 

BY SELECTED STATUS AT ENTRY AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 

FISCAL YEAR 1987— Continued 



Region and country 
of birth 



for busi- 
ness 



for pleas- 



Treaty 
traders 
and In- 
vestors' 



Stu- 
dents' 



Tempor- 
ary work- 



Exchiange 
visitors' 



Fiances- 
(ees)' 



Intracom- 
pany 

transfer- 
ees' 



Refugees 
and parol- 
ees 



Kenya 

Liberia 

Ivlorocco 

Nigena 

Sierra Leone 

Soutti Africa 

Tanzania 

Uganda 

Zimbabwe 

Ottier Africa 

Oceania 

Australia 

Fill 

New Zealand 

Tonga 

Ottier Oceania 

North America 

Canada 

I^lexico 

Caribbean 

Antigua-Barbuda 

Bahamas. The 

Barbados 

Bntish Virgin Is 

Cuba 

Dominica 

Dominican Republic 

Grenada 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

St. Kitts-Nevis 

St Lucia 

St Vincent & Grenadines 

Trinidad & Tobago 

Other Canbbean , 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica , 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

Other North America 

South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Paraguay 

Peru 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Other South America 

Unknown or not reported 



255 
391 
367 

2,633 
303 
803 
116 
99 
118 

1,191 

1,530 

678 
100 
331 
141 
280 

64,547 

4.827 

14,566 

40,112 

198 

283 

274 

139 

27.104 

63 

1,935 

127 

6,060 

2,680 

97 

92 

95 

783 

182 

4,995 

272 

398 

871 

846 

761 

1,408 

439 

47 

10,295 

911 

331 
1,205 

680 
2,237 
1,015 

843 

71 

1,851 

224 



119 
384 



53 

85 
7 
5 
5 

20 

3 

130 

6 

16 



245 
203 
640 
134 
286 



891 

301 
76 
199 
126 
189 

26.450 

2,241 

11,909 

8,305 

170 

176 

216 

108 

361 

45 

1,496 

100 

2,791 

1,933 

69 

56 

77 

580 

127 

3,965 

220 

312 

685 

708 

608 

1,100 

332 

30 

6,934 

593 
191 
781 
394 

1.549 
866 
651 
36 

1,353 
156 
343 



32 
10 
33 

1,554 

345 

297 

553 

20 

33 

15 

12 

13 

9 

39 

15 

45 



1,346 

685 

131 

496 

3 

2 

20 



72 

2 

22 

317 



354 


32 


25 


3 


29 


3 


66 


1 


35 


10 


50 


2 


89 


6 


60 


7 


5 


2 


,260 


347 


56 


63 


62 


10 


104 


53 


68 


37 


284 


58 


56 


7 


69 


15 


5 


1 


179 


47 



147 

95 
22 
21 



1,021 

303 
515 
137 

1 



1,150 

925 



39 

31,757 

126 

1,438 

29,921 

2 

56 



Includes spouses and children. 
Includes children. 
Represents zero. 



21 



TABLE 10. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED IN FISCAL YEAR 1987, BY CALENDAR YEAR OF ENTRY, 
TYPE OF ADMISSION, AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 





Total 


Jan. 


-Sept. 1987 


1986 


Adjustments 


Region and country 










New 
















Be- 
fore 


Un- 
kno- 


of birth 




Total 


New ar- 
rivals 


Adjust- 
ments 


Total 


arriv- 


Adjust- 
ments 


1985 


1984 


1983 


1982 


1981 


1980 














als 
















1980 


wn 




601,516 


304,267 


296,149 


8,118 


139,959 


90,846 


49,113 


47,332 


22,256 
2,931 


11,943 
1,292 


8,304 
777 


7,014Rdnnn 


!0,713 
938 


5,648 
1,052 


Europe 


61,174 


25,913 


23,814 


2,099 


18,742 


7,201 


11,541 


8,293 


728 


508 


Austna 


483 


221 


193 


28 


131 


33 


98 


70 


20 


11 


13 


3 


2 


8 


4 


Belgium 


636 


273 


240 


33 


224 


60 


164 


79 


32 


9 


4 


5 


3 


2 


5 


Czechoslovakia 


1.357 


131 


122 


9 


538 


39 


499 


442 


98 


39 


22 


16 


12 


16 


43 


Denmark 


537 


259 


238 


21 


197 


55 


142 


49 


11 


9 


5 


_ 


2 


3 


2 


Finland 


331 


142 


127 


15 


110 


34 


76 


36 


19 


9 


2 


1 


_ 


8 


4 


France 


2,513 


1.051 


897 


154 


918 


218 


700 


295 


100 


51 


30 


11 


11 


29 


17 


Germany, Fed Rep 


7.210 


3.538 


3,256 


282 


2,615 


1,383 


1,232 


559 


186 


94 


60 


35 


20 


67 


36 


Greece 


2,653 


1,418 


1,350 


68 


860 


493 


367 


149 


61 


40 


25 


20 


16 


57 


7 


Hungary 


994 


187 


172 


15 


284 


47 


237 


301 


78 


33 


25 


7 


15 


21 


43 


Ireland 


3,060 


1,876 


1,759 


117 


663 


201 


462 


256 


113 


56 


34 


16 


9 


29 


8 


Italy 


2,784 


1,257 


1,105 


152 


955 


335 


620 


261 


101 


51 


26 


24 


25 


62 


22 


Netheriands 


1,230 


552 


453 


99 


429 


152 


277 


117 


49 


33 


15 


8 


4 


13 


10 


Norway 


326 


141 


127 


14 


137 


36 


101 


29 


11 


1 


2 


3 


1 


1 


_ 


Poland 


7,519 


1,949 


1,861 


88 


2,067 


636 


1,429 


1,514 


665 


218 


170 


261 


137 


170 


368 


Portugal 


3,912 


2,691 


2,647 


44 


971 


766 


205 


94 


64 


25 


13 


10 


12 


28 


4 


Romania 


3,837 


469 


443 


26 


986 


165 


821 


1.650 


295 


103 


44 


49 


23 


30 


188 


Spam 


1,578 


795 


735 


60 


463 


196 


267 


127 


52 


34 


28 


13 


32 


27 


7 


Sweden 


1,057 


489 


450 


39 


354 


95 


259 


119 


39 


30 


8 


10 


3 


2 


3 


Switzerland 


759 


341 


286 


55 


247 


70 


177 


84 


36 


25 


12 


3 


4 


4 


3 


USSR 


2,384 


618 


590 


28 


551 


148 


403 


456 


132 


74 


52 


70 


83 


140 


208 


United Kingdom 


13,497 


6,251 


5,574 


677 


4,261 


1,648 


2,613 


1,410 


680 


301 


163 


139 


79 


169 


44 


Yugoslavia 


1,827 


987 


933 


54 


538 


283 


255 


111 


60 


27 


22 


18 


9 


43 


12 


Other Europe 


690 


277 


256 


21 


243 


106 


137 


85 


29 


19 


2 


6 


6 


9 


14 


Asia 


257,684 


124,817 


122,120 


2,697 


61,908 


37,705 


24,203 


30,415 


13,787 


6,727 


4,545 


3,425 


2,696 


6,733 


2,631 


Afghanistan 


2,424 


107 


106 


1 


889 


71 


818 


875 


149 


92 


46 


18 


50 


50 


148 


Bangladesh 


1,649 


986 


973 


13 


342 


266 


76 


64 


37 


46 


61 


58 


26 


26 


3 


Burma 


941 


686 


677 


9 


198 


168 


30 


20 


10 


5 


5 


5 


3 


9 


_ 


Cambodia 


12,460 


170 


165 


5 


1,286 


44 


1,242 


5.547 


2,946 


1,072 


352 


389 


123 


82 


493 


China Mainland 


25,841 


16,939 


16,680 


259 


6,579 


5,539 


1,040 


760 


367 


228 


210 


196 


188 


334 


40 


Cyprus 


331 


159 


154 


5 


99 


46 


53 


29 


15 


12 


4 


5 


5 


3 


_ 


Hong Kong 


4,706 


2,657 


2,602 


55 


1,082 


48 


3.^ 


202 


174 


114 


99 


63 


52 


218 


45 


India 


27,803 


17,168 


16,866 


302 


6,675 


5,059 


1,61d 


1,214 


976 


702 


447 


234 


127 


170 


90 


Indonesia 


1,254 


679 


658 


21 


249 


125 


124 


129 


74 


34 


28 


19 


8 


23 


11 


Iran 


14,426 


3,520 


3,316 


204 


2,666 


1,071 


1,595 


2,284 


1,093 


601 


405 


341 


282 


3,040 


194 


Iraq 


1,072 


282 


273 


9 


233 


71 


162 


189 


49 


50 


72 


52 


52 


83 


10 


Israel 


3,699 


1.654 


1,532 


122 


944 


312 


632 


499 


271 


114 


69 


60 


40 


44 


4 


Japan 


4,174 


2,306 


2,155 


151 


1,132 


529 


603 


268 


192 


103 


48 


35 


21 


49 


20 


Jordan 


3,125 


1,786 


1,727 


59 


734 


477 


257 


198 


118 


94 


51 


35 


28 


80 


1 


Korea 


35,849 


24.292 


24,021 


271 


9,208 


8,114 


1,094 


658 


455 


305 


382 


246 


83 


205 


15 


Kuwait 


507 


214 


211 


3 


117 


42 


75 


65 


31 


28 


24 


17 


4 


6 


1 


Laos 


6,828 


145 


143 


2 


2,374 


40 


2,334 


1,494 


1,073 


245 


298 


276 


477 


168 


278 


Lebanon 


4,367 


2.062 


1,925 


137 


1,114 


495 


619 


388 


269 


235 


83 


62 


51 


103 


- 


Macau 


254 


166 


165 


1 


58 


46 


12 


6 


7 


4 


4 


1 


1 


7 


- 


Malaysia 


1,016 


418 


391 


27 


235 


102 


133 


124 


92 


36 


38 


38 


20 


12 


3 


Pakistan 


6,319 


4,033 


3,983 


50 


1,321 


971 


350 


374 


214 


111 


58 


67 


27 


84 


30 


Philippines 


50,060 


31,442 


30,832 


610 


12,378 


9,644 


2,734 


1,551 


1,176 


730 


568 


422 


485 


1,178 


130 


Saudi Arabia 


294 


144 


138 


6 


76 


19 


57 


36 


16 


9 


5 


1 


2 


3 


2 


Singapore 


469 


185 


161 


24 


150 


59 


91 


61 


24 


17 


11 


10 


5 


6 


_ 


Sn Lanka 


630 


315 


305 


10 


131 


73 


58 


52 


42 


26 


21 


12 


9 


8 


14 


Syna 


1,669 


746 


711 


35 


432 


240 


192 


163 


116 


74 


40 


31 


27 


34 


6 


Taiwan 


11,931 


6,203 


6,027 


176 


2,376 


1,466 


910 


930 


756 


672 


426 


215 


149 


195 


9 


Thailand 


6,733 


1.709 


1,672 


37 


1,251 


476 


775 


1,923 


841 


274 


126 


73 


80 


269 


187 


Turkey 


1,596 


737 


690 


47 


427 


215 


212 


145 


78 


74 


39 


19 


20 


52 


5 


Vietnam 


24,231 


2,215 


2,178 


37 


6,909 


992 


5,917 


10,128 


2,108 


607 


521 


415 


249 


189 


890 


Yemen (Sanaa) 


577 


438 


433 


5 


101 


76 


25 


19 


e 


5 


2 


1 


_ 


1 


2 


Other Asia 


449 


254 


250 


4 


142 


109 


33 


20 


10 


8 


2 


9 


2 


2 


- 


Africa 


17,724 


6,293 


5,963 


330 


3.768 


1,636 


2,132 


2,297 


1,478 


1,031 


816 


638 


388 


850 


165 


Cape Verde 


657 


434 


430 


4 


172 


114 


58 


24 


14 


3 


1 


6 


_ 


3 


_ 


Egypt 


3,377 


1.657 


1,566 


91 


767 


374 


393 


373 


236 


78 


84 


50 


50 


69 


13 


Ethiopia 


2,156 


287 


280 


7 


459 


85 


374 


768 


217 


93 


41 


68 


34 


133 


56 


Ghana 


1.120 


453 


444 


9 


209 


168 


41 


65 


77 


52 


63 


40 


33 


118 


10 



See footnotes at end of table. 



22 



TABLE 10. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED IN FISCAL YEAR 1987, BY CALENDAR YEAR OF ENTRY, 
TYPE OF ADMISSION, AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH— Continued 





Total 


Jan. 


-Sept. 1987 


1986 


Adjustments 


Region and country 
of birth 


Total 


New ar- 
rivals 


Adjust- 
ments 


Total 


New 
arriv- 
als 


Adjust- 
ments 


1985 


1984 


1983 


1982 


1981 


1980 


Be- 
fore 
1980 


Un- 
kno- 
wn 


Kenya 


698 


369 


358 


11 


138 


85 


53 


45 


38 


23 


15 


8 


11 


43 


8 


Liberia 


622 


176 


168 


8 


108 


63 


45 


68 


53 


58 


35 


25 


29 


61 


9 


Morocco 


635 


246 


219 


27 


193 


49 


144 


79 


49 


31 


13 


9 


3 


8 


4 


Nigeria ... 


3.278 


530 


498 


32 


470 


147 


323 


271 


401 


457 


428 


319 


156 


229 


17 


Sien-a Leone 


453 


122 


117 


5 


69 


33 


36 


49 


44 


24 


19 


10 


11 


83 


22 


South Africa 


1,741 


807 


743 


64 


506 


195 


311 


229 


102 


39 


17 


14 


6 


20 


1 


Tanzania 


385 


216 


212 


4 


86 


57 


29 


23 


13 


18 


13 


2 


3 


10 


1 


Uganda .. 


357 


201 


199 


2 


82 


59 


23 


10 


14 


16 


8 


8 


5 


11 


2 


Zimbabwe 


252 


118 


101 


17 


80 


33 


47 


24 


7 


4 


3 


6 


3 


6 


1 


Other Africa 


1,993 


677 


628 


49 


429 


174 


255 


269 


213 


135 


76 


73 


44 


56 


21 


Oceania ... 


3,993 


2,089 


1,930 


159 


1,155 


533 


622 


283 


124 


75 


78 


43 


25 


108 


13 


Australia . 


1,253 


514 


430 


84 


457 


145 


312 


138 


67 


25 


13 


8 


6 


13 


12 


Fiji 


1,205 


914 


901 


13 


246 


204 


42 


21 


5 


5 


e 


2 


1 


3 


- 


New Zealand 


591 


245 


201 


44 


188 


59 


129 


77 


32 


10 


11 


8 


6 


13 


1 


Tonga 


545 


301 


299 


2 


124 


105 


19 


17 


3 


16 


27 


14 


6 


37 


- 


Other Oceania 


399 


115 


99 


16 


140 


20 


120 


30 


17 


19 


19 


11 


6 


42 


- 


North America 


216,550 


118,276 


115,959 


2,317 


44,084 


36,044 


8,040 


4,297 


2,595 


1,883 


1,387 


1,708 


>0,087 


10,645 


1,588 


Canada .. 


11,876 


6,253 


5,548 


705 


3,642 


1,501 


2,141 


904 


408 


191 


104 


49 


37 


242 


46 


Mexico ... 


72,351 


45,351 


44,276 


1,075 


16.439 


13,509 


2,930 


998 


606 


376 


329 


259 


257 


6,663 


1,073 


Caribbean 


102,899 


47,270 


46,885 


385 


17,976 


15,902 


2,074 


1,782 


1,069 


827 


620 


1,020 


29,429 


2,526 


380 


Antigua-Barbuda 


874 


526 


517 


9 


192 


159 


33 


26 


22 


20 


14 


7 


7 


57 


3 


Bahamas The 


556 


200 


186 


14 


132 


87 


45 


38 


20 


26 


11 


12 


50 


66 


1 


Barbados 


1,665 


1,122 


1,109 


*.1"3 


334 


282 


52 


40 


37 


36 


19 


9 


7 


57 


4 


British Virgin Is 


296 


134 


126 


8 


59 


31 


28 


34 


11 


10 


9 


4 


3 


29 


3 


Cuba .... 


28,916 


1,328 


1,325 


3 


565 


487 


78 


167 


76 


88 


54 


62 


!5,738 


554 


284 


Dominica 


740 


588 


583 


5 


110 


94 


16 


14 


4 


5 


6 


2 


2 


9 


- 


Dominican Republic 


24,858 


16,282 


16,187 


95 


7,259 


6,736 


523 


488 


301 


163 


91 


43 


33 


190 


8 


Grenada 


1,098 


753 


747 


6 


242 


224 


18 


20 


13 


15 


13 


7 


4 


31 


- 


Haiti 


14,819 


6.363 


6,319 


44 


2,746 


2.440 


306 


180 


156 


169 


160 


696 


3,432 


878 


39 


Jamaica 


23,148 


16,254 


16,141 


113 


4,941 


4,327 


614 


572 


318 


211 


166 


123 


109 


435 


19 


St. Kitis Nevis 


589 


404 


398 


6 


130 


94 


36 


6 


7 


5 


2 


2 


4 


27 


2 


St. Lucia 


496 


337 


336 


1 


86 


68 


18 


9 


10 


10 


13 


6 


6 


19 


- 


St. Vincent & Grenadines 


746 


503 


500 


3 


159 


151 


8 


14 


12 


14 


8 


2 


4 


30 


- 


Trinidad & Tobago 


3,543 


2,180 


2,122 


58 


858 


638 


220 


142 


65 


50 


42 


42 


26 


121 


17 


Other Canbbean 


555 


296 


289 


7 


163 


84 


79 


32 


17 


5 


12 


3 


4 


23 


- 


Central America 


29,296 


19,338 


19,190 


148 


5,984 


5,111 


873 


60S 


507 


487 


331 


380 


363 


1,212 


89 


Belize .. 


1,354 


856 


849 


7 


256 


233 


23 


21 


19 


11 


3 


6 


12 


159 


11 


Costa Rica 


1.391 


813 


794 


19 


279 


199 


80 


65 


43 


51 


31 


24 


20 


57 


8 


El Salvador 


10,693 


7,921 


7,893 


28 


2,096 


1,929 


167 


103 


72 


50 


47 


106 


85 


187 


26 


Guatemala 


5,729 


3,881 


3,854 


27 


1,214 


1,029 


185 


111 


67 


79 


60 


67 


35 


189 


26 


Honduras 


4.751 


3,097 


3,073 


24 


1,090 


917 


173 


108 


120 


99 


51 


34 


40 


102 


10 


Nicaragua 


3,294 


1,497 


1,475 


22 


539 


411 


128 


111 


130 


163 


110 


124 


152 


461 


7 


Panama 


2,084 


1,273 


1,252 


21 


510 


393 


117 


86 


56 


34 


29 


19 


19 


57 


1 


Other North Amenca 


128 


64 


60 


4 


43 


21 


22 


8 


5 


2 


3 


- 


1 


2 


- 


South America 


44,385 


26,879 


26,363 


516 


10,300 


7,727 


2,573 


1,746 


1,339 


935 


700 


472 


376 


1,439 


199 


Argentina 


2,106 


956 


900 


56 


547 


295 


252 


167 


91 


68 


46 


43 


31 


126 


31 


Bolivia .... 


1,170 


668 


647 


21 


256 


192 


64 


36 


33 


28 


33 


33 


16 


53 


14 


Brazil 


2,505 


1,143 


1,053 


90 


672 


247 


425 


298 


196 


77 


38 


27 


11 


27 


16 


Chile 


2,140 


1,157 


1,108 


49 


532 


352 


180 


96 


74 


47 


37 


25 


25 


127 


20 


Colombia 


11,700 


7,462 


7,377 


85 


2,605 


2.086 


519 


405 


317 


180 


158 


117 


119 


300 


37 


Ecuador . 


4,641 


3.117 


3,083 


34 


709 


543 


166 


147 


99 


84 


68 


50 


44 


305 


18 


Guyana .. 


11,384 


7,745 


7,709 


36 


3,047 


2,832 


215 


104 


150 


110 


53 


41 


16 


105 


13 


Paraguay 


291 


176 


170 


6 


76 


50 


26 


14 


6 


7 


1 


- 


2 


1 


8 


Peru 


5,901 


3,265 


3,198 


67 


1,238 


852 


386 


240 


235 


246 


186 


80 


67 


322 


22 


Uruguay . 


709 


421 


406 


15 


132 


79 


53 


17 


24 


11 


14 


14 


16 


49 


11 


Venezuela 


1.694 


676 


620 


56 


457 


186 


271 


213 


109 


74 


65 


41 


29 


23 


7 


Other South Amenca 


144 


93 


92 


1 


29 


13 


16 


9 


5 


3 


1 


1 


- 


1 


2 


Unknown or not reported 


6 




- 




2 


- 


2 


1 


2 




1 


- 


- 


- 


- 



- Represents zero. 

NOTE: The year of entry for new arrivals is the year entering as an immigrant. The year of entry for adjustments is the latest year of entry as a 
nonimmigrant or the latest year of entry in another temporary status. 



23 



TABLE 11. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY AGE AND SEX 
FISCAL YEARS 1977-87 



Age and sex 



1978 



1979 



1980 



1981 



1982 



1983 



1984 



1985 



1987 



Total . 



Under 5 years 

- 9 years 

-14 years 

-19 years 

-24 years 

-29 years 

-34 years 

-39 years , 

-44 years 

1-49 years 

1-54 years 

-59 years 

-64 years 

-69 years 

-74 years 

-79 years 

80 years and over 
Not reported 



10-' 



25- 



35 



50 



75 



Male 

Under 5 years 

5- 9 years 

0-14 years 

5-19 years 

0-24 years 

5-29 years 

0-34 years 

5-39 years 

0-44 years 

5-49 years 

0-54 years 

5-59 years 

0-64 years 

5-69 years 

0-74 years 

5-79 years 

80 years and over 
Not reported 



15- 



30-; 



60-f 



75-; 



Female 

Under 5 years 

5- 9 years 

10-14 years , 

15-19 years , 

0-24 years 

5-29 years 

0-34 years 

5-39 years 

0-44 years 

5-49 years 

0-54 years 

5-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over 
Not reported 



30-; 



45-' 



55-1 



Unknown sex . 



Percent distribution . 

Male 

Female , 

Unlinown 



Median age . 

Male 

Female 



462,315 

28,619 
32.040 
38,660 
45,263 
57,637 
69,399 
47,457 
31,899 
23,764 
19,684 
16,815 
14,102 
12,814 
10.901 
6.974 
3.624 
2.663 



216,424 

13.996 

16.398 

19.653 

21.968 

23,868 

33.540 

23.620 

15.400 

11.281 

9.144 

7.324 

5.691 

4.896 

4.348 

2,817 

1,449 

1,031 



245,891 

14,623 

15.642 

19.007 

23,295 

33,769 

35,859 

23,837 

16,499 

12,483 

10,540 

9.491 

8.411 

7.918 

6.553 

4.157 

2.175 

1,632 



100.0 

46.8 
53.2 



27.1 

26.8 
27.3 



601,442 

35.286 
51.840 
54.506 
59.928 
76.252 
94,940 
66,607 
42,337 
29,944 
22,775 
18,410 
15,252 
12,335 
9,959 
5,809 
3,061 
2,201 



286,374 

17.460 

26.621 

27.813 

29.581 

32.653 

45.607 

33.113 

20.942 

14.661 

10,820 

7,833 

6,265 

4,872 

3,942 

2,294 

1,157 

740 



315,068 

17,826 

25,219 

26,693 

30.347 

43,599 

49.333 

33,494 

21,395 

15.283 

11.955 

10.577 

8.987 

7.463 

6,017 

3,515 

1,904 

1,461 



100.0 

47.6 
52.4 



26.2 

26.0 
26.4 



460,348 

28,276 

35,464 

38,786 

46,811 

63,070 

70,457 

51,190 

31.331 

22.441 

17.074 

14.285 

12.919 

10,532 

8,656 

5,055 

2,569 

1,432 



219,536 

14,106 

18.052 

19.698 

22.611 

27.881 

34.804 

25.798 

15.209 

10.490 

8,037 

5,974 

5.270 

4.219 

3.632 

2.122 

1.115 

518 



240,812 

14.170 

17.412 

19.088 

24.200 

35,189 

35,653 

25,392 

16,122 

11,951 

9,037 

8,311 

7,649 

6.313 

5.024 

2.933 

1.454 

914 



100.0 

47.7 
52.3 



26.3 

26.1 
26.5 



530,639 

32.946 

40.555 

44.140 

53.429 

72.321 

83.475 

60.998 

35.817 

25.466 

18,633 

16,015 

14,430 

11,849 

9,999 

5,831 

3,021 

1,714 



596,600 

35,791 
46,842 
54,969 
63,071 
79,015 
89,215 
68,395 
42,478 
29,345 
20,711 
17,385 
15,490 
12,764 
10,248 
6.094 
3.086 
1.701 



594,131 

35.326 
47.461 
52.776 
61,391 
84.430 
91.590 
65.641 
40.275 
27,789 
20.390 
16.937 
15.296 
12.719 
10.388 
6,459 
3,226 
2,037 



287,874 

17.034 

24.133 

27.206 

30.905 

40,450 

45,958 

32,827 

19,637 

13,497 

9,425 

7,192 

5,906 

4,974 

4.187 

2.610 

1.209 

724 



284,576 

17,156 

22.208 

24.173 

28.762 

40.732 

41.683 

29.966 

18.934 

13,157 

10,194 

9,128 

8,792 

7.290 

5.794 

3.603 

1.866 

1.138 



100,0 

48.5 
47.9 



25.8 

25.5 
26.1 



559,763 

33.855 

40,632 

46.794 

55.405 

81.434 

91.438 

64,361 

40.145 

26.355 

19.167 

15.844 

14.383 

12.070 

8.404 

5,249 

2,595 

1,632 



271,966 

15,874 

20.482 

23.761 

27.530 

39.433 

46,772 

32,470 

19,845 

12,652 

8,816 

6,604 

5,494 

4,835 

3,523 

2.214 

1.038 

623 



264,975 

16,807 

18,911 

21,697 

25,939 

38.046 

40,264 

28,938 

18,655 

12,628 

9.593 

8.626 

8.299 

6.745 

4.599 

2.825 

1.457 

946 



100.0 

48.6 
47.3 



26.2 

26.0 
264 



543,903 

32.396 

37,540 

44,957 

53,655 

76,546 

87,463 

63,224 

40,501 

25,990 

19,893 

16,364 

14,787 

12,456 

8,624 

5,406 

2,650 

1,451 



274,896 

15,752 

19,336 

23,423 

27,582 

39,018 

46,918 

33,600 

20,695 

12,920 

9,571 

7,181 

5,903 

5,257 

3.692 

2.316 

1.126 

606 



269,007 

16.644 
18,204 
21.534 
26.073 
37.528 
40.545 
29,624 
19,806 
13,070 
10,322 
9,183 
8,884 
7,199 
4,932 
3,090 
1,524 
845 



100.0 

50.5 
49.5 



26.5 

26.3 
268 



570,009 

32.867 

37.717 

44.890 

53,769 

80,677 

94,284 

67,177 

43,339 

27,397 

20,647 

17,116 

15,826 

13.801 

9.503 

6,069 

3,083 

1,847 



286,141 

16,005 

19,387 

23,445 

27,286 

39,843 

49,941 

35,779 

22,320 

13,973 

9,957 

7,323 

6,442 

5,696 

4,159 

2,607 

1,290 

588 



283,868 

16,862 

18,330 

21,445 

26,483 

40,834 

44,343 

31,398 

21,019 

13,424 

10,690 

9,793 

9,384 

8.105 

5,344 

3,462 

1,793 

1,159 



100.0 

50.2 
48.8 



26.9 

26.7 
27.0 



601,708 

33,767 
39,720 
47,152 
56,283 
79,640 
95,318 
72,449 
47,574 
30,039 
22.469 
19.161 
18,028 
15,905 
11,226 
7,012 
3.689 
2.276 



300,777 

16.629 

20.460 

24.248 

28.782 

38.563 

49.998 

38.411 

24.810 

15,369 

10,851 

8,399 

7,329 

6,627 

4,800 

3,003 

1,549 

949 



300,931 

17,138 

19,260 

22,904 

27,501 

41,077 

45,320 

34,038 

22,764 

14,670 

11,618 

10,762 

10,699 

9,278 

6,426 

4,009 

2.140 

1.327 



100.0 

50.0 
50.0 



27.4 

27.2 
27.6 



601,516 

32,733 

37,501 

43,939 

57,439 

77,620 

94,481 

72,734 

49,541 

33,175 

24,383 

20,195 

18,515 

15,931 

11,348 

6,542 

3,363 

2,006 

70 

300,238 

16.058 

19.184 

22.727 

29.219 

36.963 

49.125 

38,344 

25,699 

16,969 

12,045 

9,091 

7,738 

6.691 

5.148 

2.888 

1.434 

873 

42 

301,278 

16.675 

18,317 

21,212 

28,220 

40,657 

45,356 

34,390 

23.842 

16.206 

12,338 

11,104 

10,777 

9,240 

6,200 

3,654 

1,929 

1,133 

28 



100.0 

49.9 
50.1 



27.9 

27.7 
28.0 



- Represents zero. NA Not available. 
NOTE; See Glossary for fiscal year definitions. 



24 



TABLE 12. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH, AGE, AND SEX 
FISCAL YEAR 1987 



Age and sex 



countries 



China, 
Mainland 



Dominican i 
Republic I 



El Sal- 
vador 



Germany. 
Fed. Rep. 



20-: 



35-: 



45-' 



65-1 



Total 

Under 5 years 

5- 9 years 

10-14 years 

15-19 years 

0-24 years 

5-29 years 

0-34 years 

5-39 years 

0-44 years 

5-49 years 

0-54 years 

5-59 years 

0-64 years 

5-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over . 
Unknown age 

Male 

Under 5 years 

5- 9 years 

10-14 years 

15-19 years 

0-24 years 

5-29 years 

0-34 years 

5-39 years 

0-44 years 

5-49 years 

0-54 years 

5-59 years 

0-64 years 

5-69 years 

0-74 years 

5-79 years 

80 years and over . 
Unknown age 



20-: 



45-' 



75-; 



Female 

Under 5 years 

5- 9 years 

10-14 years 

15-19 years 

0-24 years 

5-29 years 

0-34 years 

5-39 years 

0-44 years 

5-49 years 

0-54 years 

5-59 years 

0-64 years 

5-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over ... 
Unknown age 

Percent distribution . 

Male 

Female 

Median age 

Male 

Female 



20-: 



35-: 



65-( 



601,516 

32,733 
37,501 
43,939 
57,439 
77,620 
94,481 
72,734 
4^,341 
33,175 
24,383 
20,195 
18,515 
15,931 
11,348 
6,542 
3.363 
2,006 
70 

300,238 

16,058 

19,184 

22,727 

29,219 

36,963 

49,125 

38,344 

25,699 

16,969 

12,045 

9,091 

7,738 

6,691 

5,148 

2,888 

1,434 

873 

42 

301,278 

16,675 
18,317 
21,212 
28,220 
40,657 
45,356 
34,390 
23,842 
16,206 
12,338 
11,104 
10,777 
9,240 
6,200 
3,654 
1,929 
1,133 
28 

100.0 

49.9 
50.1 

27.9 

27.7 
28.0 



12,460 

144 

1,031 

1,447 

2,068 

1,630 

1,370 

1,241 

865 

719 

620 

450 

308 

237 

161 

102 

39 

28 



5,937 

75 
522 
743 
1,071 
790 
591 
580 
373 
296 
296 
221 
139 
96 
72 
39 



6,523 

69 
509 
704 
997 
840 
779 
661 
492 
423 
324 
229 
169 
141 
89 
63 



100.0 

47.6 
52.4 

24.7 

23.5 
25.9 



11,876 

824 

1,001 

821 

863 

1,462 

1,995 

1.640 

1.166 

797 

527 

309 

213 

101 

74 

43 

18 



5,700 

401 
508 
404 
423 
592 
923 
747 
629 
396 
277 
166 
117 
49 



1 

6,176 

423 
493 
417 
440 
870 
1.072 
893 
537 
401 
250 
143 
96 
52 
36 



100.0 

48.0 
52.0 

27.5 

27.8 
27.2 



25,841 

375 
1.004 
1.615 
1.860 
2.466 
2.818 
2.319 
2.253 
1.795 
1.507 
1.598 
1.741 
1.789 
1.455 
793 
311 
142 



12,345 

190 
569 
834 
995 
816 
1.197 
1.187 
1,103 
879 
798 
763 
805 
778 
804 
413 
151 



63 



13,496 

185 

435 

781 

865 

1,650 

1,621 

1,132 

1,150 

916 

709 

835 

936 

1,011 

651 

380 

160 



79 



100.0 

47.8 
52.2 

36.5 

37.3 
35.6 



11,700 

1,000 

832 

750 

900 

1,518 

1,926 

1,458 

942 

617 

465 

376 

284 

253 

186 

121 

41 

30 

1 

5,208 

497 
416 
374 
429 
714 
910 
599 
382 
259 
178 
145 
92 
88 
62 
36 
18 
8 
1 

6,492 

503 
416 
376 
471 
804 
1,016 
859 
560 
358 
287 
231 
192 
165 
124 
85 
23 
22 



100.0 

44.5 
55.5 

27.3 

26.2 
28.3 



28,916 

15 

328 

783 

2,700 

2,407 

2,475 

3,493 

3,905 

3.496 

2,615 

1.796 

1.522 

1.153 

941 

700 

443 

144 



16,424 

5 

160 

437 

1.388 

1.120 

1.306 

2.134 

2.464 

2.215 

1.641 

1,075 

844 

619 

451 

319 

180 



12,492 



10 

168 

346 

1,312 

1,287 

1,169 

1,359 

1,441 

1,281 

974 

721 

678 

534 

490 

381 

263 

78 



100.0 

56.8 
43.2 

38.3 

38.8 
37,5 



24,858 

1,307 

2,383 

3,205 

4,328 

3,014 

2,518 

2,123 

1,606 

1,131 

931 

808 

637 

421 

245 

115 

44 

41 

1 

11,860 

636 

1,177 

1,619 

2,125 

1,405 

1,234 

1,028 

801 

488 

396 

355 

247 

171 

103 

36 

18 

20 

1 

12,998 

671 

1,206 

1,586 

2,203 

1,609 

1.284 

1.095 

805 

643 

535 

453 

390 

250 

142 

79 

26 

21 



100.0 

47.7 
52.3 

22.3 

21.9 
22.7 



10,693 

280 

819 

1.234 

1.238 

1.237 

1.787 

1.317 

907 

480 

329 

281 

257 

188 

166 



5,026 

140 
402 
616 
641 
625 
893 
638 
403 
207 
127 
102 



5,667 

140 
417 
618 
597 
612 
894 
679 
504 
273 
202 
179 
190 
134 
108 
68 
37 
15 



100.0 

47.0 
53.0 

26.6 

25.6 
27.7 



4,641 

253 

323 

349 

419 

704 

722 

566 

342 

266 

150 

157 

139 

98 

59 

50 

27 



2,239 

130 
163 
183 
230 
347 
346 
265 
149 
133 
67 
63 
63 



37 



2,402 

123 
160 
166 
189 
357 
376 
301 
193 
133 
83 



100.0 

48.2 
51.8 

27.1 

26.2 
27.9 



25 



TABLE 12. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH, AGE, AND SEX 
FISCAL YEAR 1987— Continued 



Age and sex 



Guyana 



Haiti 



Honduras Hong Kong 



India 



Iran 



Jamaica 



Korea 



Total 

Under 5 years 
5- 9 years 
10-14 yeais 
15-19 yeais 
20-24 yeais 
25-29 yeais 
30-34 yeais 
35-39 yeais 
40-44 yeais 
45-49 yeais 
50-54 yeais 
55-59 yeais 
60-64 yeais 
65-69 yeais 
70-74 yeais 
75-79 yeais 
80 years and over 
Unknown age 



Male 

Under 5 years 
5- 9 years 
10-14 yeais 
15-19 yeais 
20-24 yeais 
25-29 yeais 
30-34 yeais 
35-39 yeais 
40-44 yeais 
45-49 yeais 
50-54 yeais 
55-59 yeais 
60-64 yeais 
65-69 yeais 
70-74 yeais 
75-79 yeais 
80 years and over 
Unknown age 



5,729 

410 
400 
525 
579 
666 
879 
714 
513 
274 
189 
148 
152 
143 
72 



2,765 

210 

198 

254 

315 

331 

482 

345 

231 

126 

71 

54 

46 



Female 

Under 5 years 
5- 9 years 
10-14 yeais 
15-19 yeais 
20-24 yeais 
25-29 yeais 
30-34 yeais 
35-39 yeais 
40-44 yeais 
45-49 yeais 
50-54 yeais 
55-59 yeais 
60-64 yeais 
65-69 yeais 
70-74 yeais 
75-79 yeai s 
80 years and over 
Unknown age 

Percent distribution 

Male .... 
Female 

Median age 

Male 

Female 



2,964 

200 
202 
271 
264 
335 
397 
369 
282 
148 
118 
94 
106 
98 
47 
20 



100.0 

48.3 
51.7 

26.7 

25.9 
27.6 



11,384 

459 

1,058 

1,317 

1,440 

1.325 

1,473 

1,200 

901 

577 

436 

391 

294 

231 

133 

92 

38 

19 



5,396 

220 
519 
629 
693 
587 
708 
610 
426 
275 
205 
167 
131 



5,988 

239 
539 
688 
747 
738 
765 
590 
475 
302 
231 
224 
163 
136 
72 



100.0 

47.4 
52.6 

25.4 

25.4 
25.4 



14,819 

281 

938 

1,233 

1,218 

1,318 

2,386 

2,730 

1,741 

1,053 

676 

468 

294 

232 

118 

69 

33 

30 



8,025 

131 

481 

594 

588 

611 

1,318 

1,654 

1,024 

619 

401 

248 

147 

101 

51 



6,794 

150 

457 

639 

630 

707 

1,068 

1,076 

717 

434 

275 

220 

147 

131 

67 

44 



100.0 

54.2 
45.8 

29.6 

30.4 
28.5 



4,751 

280 
457 
500 
530 
628 
742 
546 
363 
175 
139 
112 
99 
85 



2,127 

136 
231 
241 
270 
294 
327 
246 
154 
65 
48 
40 
33 
22 
10 



2,624 

144 
226 
259 
260 
334 
415 
300 
209 
110 
91 



72 



100.0 

44.8 
55.2 

24.8 

23.1 
26.1 



4,706 

343 

486 

559 

638 

389 

743 

703 

417 

112 

100 

63 

60 

45 



2,364 

175 
266 
304 
338 
162 
344 
355 
222 
51 
55 
30 
25 
19 
11 
5 



1 

2,342 

168 
220 
255 
300 
227 
399 
348 
195 
61 
45 
33 
35 
26 
20 



100.0 

50.2 
49.8 

24.2 

23.3 
24.7 



27,803 

1,742 

1.360 

1,243 

1,636 

3,773 

5,460 

3,260 

1,858 

1,190 

1,010 

1,152 

1,334 

1.230 

839 

441 

193 

79 

3 

13,907 

816 

699 

621 

750 

1,385 

3,147 

2,011 

1,057 

642 

463 

419 

536 

527 

431 

247 

106 

48 

2 

13,896 

926 

661 

622 

886 

2,388 

2,313 

1,249 

801 

548 

547 

733 

798 

703 

408 

194 

87 

31 

1 

100.0 

50.0 
50.0 

29.1 

29.4 
28.8 



14,426 

322 

690 

663 

971 

1,837 

2,617 

1,942 

1,212 

834 

614 

677 

652 

594 

374 

197 

114 

114 

2 

7,959 

169 

379 

344 

501 

1,063 

1,642 

1.175 

686 

409 

276 

311 

281 

285 

199 

116 

51 

70 

2 

6,467 

153 
311 
319 
470 
774 
975 
767 
526 
425 
338 
366 
371 
309 
175 
81 
63 



100.0 

55.2 
44.8 

30.5 

29.9 



23,148 

1,061 

2,138 

2,883 

3,276 

2,656 

2.988 

2,445 

1,747 

1,224 

816 

611 

483 

357 

221 

113 



1 

11,199 

540 

1,056 

1,422 

1,613 

1,218 

1,454 

1,208 

873 

607 

432 

285 

196 

146 

83 

30 

20 

16 



11,949 

521 

1,082 

1,461 

1,663 

1,438 

1,534 

1,237 

874 

617 

384 

326 

287 

211 

138 

83 

60 

32 



100.0 

48.4 
51,6 

24.3 

24.1 
24.4 



35,849 

6,665 

2,183 

2,137 

2,806 

3,659 

5,232 

3,161 

1,814 

1,495 

1,366 

1,137 

1,290 

1,199 

924 

487 

213 

81 



15,344 

2,872 

1,103 

1,142 

1,419 

1,131 

2,076 

1,454 

819 

713 

632 

426 

409 

442 

409 

193 



20,505 

3,793 

1,080 

995 

1,387 

2,528 

3,156 

1,707 

995 

782 

734 

711 

881 

757 

515 

294 

135 

55 



100.0 

42.8 
57.2 

25.6 

24.9 
26.0 



26 



TABLE 12. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH, AGE, AND SEX 
FISCAL YEAR 1987— Continued 



Age and sex 



Philippines 



United 
Kingdom 



Total 

Under 5 years 

5- 9 years 

14 years 

9 years 

■24 years 

■29 years 

■34 years 

■39 years 

■44 years 

■49 years 

■54 years 

■59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over . 
Unknown age 

Male 

Under 5 years 



10-1 

15 

20 

25 

30 

35 

40 

45 

50 

55 



5- 9 years 

0-14 years 

5-19 years 

0-24 years 

5-29 years 

0-34 years 

5-39 years 

0-44 years 

5-49 years 

0-54 years 

5-59 years 

0-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over . 
Unknown age 



Female 

Under S years . 
5- 9 years 



10-1' 
15-1S 



1-14 years 

-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

1-34 years 

1-39 years 

1-44 years 

1-49 years 

1-54 years 

1-59 years 

1-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over . 
Unknown age 



Percent distribution . 

Male 

Female 



Median age 

Male 

Female . 



72,351 

3,485 

2,829 

4,660 

6,937 

13.326 

13,844 

9,053 

6,050 

3,776 

2,477 

1,815 

1,584 

1,206 

679 

331 

168 

126 

5 

40,872 

1,826 

1,436 

2,390 

3,710 

8,580 

8,819 

5,241 

3,283 

1,944 

1,139 

785 

598 

515 

328 

139 

76 

62 

1 

31,479 

1,659 

1,393 

2,270 

3,227 

4,746 

5,025 

3,812 

2,767 

1,832 

1,338 

1,030 

986 

691 

351 

192 

92 

64 



100.0 

56.5 
43.5 

27.1 

26.8 
276 



6,319 

531 

299 

270 

499 

943 

1,172 

836 

319 

270 

255 

247 

238 

202 

126 

60 

33 

17 

2 

3,600 

274 

171 

148 

272 

479 

759 

584 

200 

149 

128 

106 

107 

97 

63 

35 

18 

9 

1 

2,719 

257 
128 
122 
227 
464 
413 
252 
119 
121 
127 
141 
131 
105 
63 
25 
15 



100.0 

57.0 
43.0 

27.8 

28.0 
273 



5,901 

206 

305 

421 

536 

647 

956 

840 

531 

371 

217 

176 

202 

193 

149 

79 

48 

23 

1 

2,741 

105 
177 
213 
257 
299 
438 
367 
262 
185 
116 
72 
76 



128 
208 
279 
348 
518 
473 
269 
186 
101 
104 
126 
126 
101 
50 



100.0 

46.4 
53.6 

29.4 

28.6 

30.1 



50,060 

2,630 
3,093 
3,752 
4,913 
4,898 
6,518 
5,883 
3,762 
2,365 
1,919 
1,997 
2,284 
2,452 
1,820 
1,043 
506 
216 



20,849 

1,390 

1,566 

1,886 

2,449 

1,665 

2,257 

2,242 

1,563 

1,000 

775 

707 

860 

960 

758 

462 

216 

88 

5 

29,211 

1,240 
1,527 
1,866 
2,464 
3,233 
4,261 
3,641 
2,199 
1,365 
1,144 
1,290 
1,424 
1,492 
1,062 
581 
290 
128 



100.0 

41.6 
58.4 

29.3 

28.0 
30.0 



7,519 

198 

530 

505 

383 

563 

1,282 

1,426 

1,013 

522 

327 

239 

204 

149 

80 

39 

37 

21 



243 

268 

205 

238 

685 

776 

563 

286 

163 

90 

78 

55 

30 



3,707 

109 
287 
237 
178 
325 
597 
650 
450 
234 
164 
149 
126 
94 
50 
23 
20 
13 
1 

100.0 

50.7 
49.3 

30.9 

31.0 
30.8 



11,931 

506 

816 

914 

614 

974 

2,536 

2,606 

1,213 

410 

308 

252 

253 

216 

166 

88 

34 

23 

2 

5,535 

237 

452 

514 

233 

442 

1,049 

1,307 

552 

189 

145 

104 

79 



1 

6,396 

269 

364 

400 

381 

532 

1,487 

1,299 

661 

221 

163 

148 

174 

127 

100 

42 

16 

11 

1 

100.0 

46.4 
53.6 

28.9 

28.7 
29.1 



6,733 

2,021 
1,808 
207 
255 
350 
540 
501 
337 
222 
110 
72 
80 



1 

3,117 

1,005 

939 

118 

117 

128 

197 

191 

151 

101 

45 

27 

24 

31 

26 

13 

1 



3,616 

1,016 



138 
222 
343 
310 
186 



100.0 

46.3 
53.7 



13,497 

655 

890 

857 

1,069 

1,984 

2,302 

1,668 

1,412 

1,036 

587 

356 

214 

147 

121 

73 

58 

65 



6,695 

349 

432 

432 

491 

735 

1,108 

888 

818 

589 

322 

202 

125 

79 

52 

26 

18 

27 

2 

6,802 

306 

458 

425 

578 

1,249 

1,194 

780 

594 

447 

265 

154 

89 

68 



100.0 

49.6 
50.4 

28.0 

29.2 

26.9 



24,231 

515 

1,851 

2,877 

4,366 

3,535 

2,693 

2,300 

1,738 

1,141 

884 

713 

548 

390 

277 

209 

119 

75 



13,337 

269 

1,016 

1,689 

2,734 

2,131 

1,420 

1,161 

865 

598 

412 

337 

247 

171 

123 

91 

45 

28 



10,894 

246 

835 

1,188 

1,632 

1,404 

1,273 

1,139 

873 

543 

472 

376 

301 

219 

154 

118 



100.0 

55.0 
45.0 

23.5 

224 
256 



115,336 

5,624 

6,545 

6,950 

8,712 

16,711 

22,344 

15,495 

9,759 

6,199 

4,325 

3,495 

2,939 

2,356 

1,663 

1,016 

621 

552 

30 

60,311 

2,862 

3,319 

3,665 

4,310 

8,382 

12,780 

8,810 

5,255 

3,237 

2,177 

1,630 

1,260 

997 

696 

418 

260 

233 

20 

55,025 

2,762 

3,226 

3,285 

4,402 

8.329 

9.564 

6.685 

4.504 

2.962 

2.148 

1.865 

1.679 

1.359 

967 

598 

361 

319 

10 

100.0 

52.3 
47.7 

28.1 

28.1 
28 1 



Represents zero. 



27 



TABLE 13. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY MARITAL STATUS, AGE, AND SEX 
FISCAL YEAR 1987 



Age and sex 



Total 



Single 



Separated 



10-- 

15-- 

20-: 
25-; 
30-: 
35-; 

40- 
45- 
50-1 
55-1 
60-f 



Total 

Under 5 years 

5- 9 years 

0-14 years 

5-19 years 

0-24 years 

5-29 years 

0-34 years 

5-39 years 

0-44 years 

5-49 years 

0-54 years 

5-59 years 

0-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over . 
Unknown age 



Male 

Under 5 years 

5- 9 years 

10-14 years 

15-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over . 
Unknown age 



Female 

Under 5 years . 
5- 9 years 



4 years 

9 years 

24 years 

•29 years 

■34 years 

■39 years 

■44 years 

■49 years 

■54 years 

59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over . 
Unknown age 



Percent distribution . 

Male 

Female 



Median age . 

Male 

Female .. 



601,516 

32,733 
37.501 
43,939 
57,439 
77.620 
94,481 
72,734 
49,541 
33,175 
24,383 
20,195 
18,515 
15,931 
11,348 
6.542 
3,363 
2,006 
70 

300,238 

16,058 

19,184 

22,727 

29,219 

36,963 

49,125 

38,344 

25,699 

16,969 

12,045 

9,091 

7,738 

6,691 

5,148 

2,888 

1,434 

873 

42 

301,278 

16,675 
18,317 
21,212 
28,220 
40,657 
45,356 
34,390 
23,842 
16,206 
12.338 
11,104 
10,777 
9,240 
6,200 
3,654 
1,929 
1.133 
28 

100.0 

49.9 
50.1 

27.9 

27.7 
28.0 



258,616 

32,733 

37,501 

43,926 

52.432 

33,353 

25,523 

14,282 

7,078 

3,726 

2,359 

1,737 

1,384 

1,019 

705 

408 

222 

184 

44 

138,319 

16,058 

19,184 

22,725 

28,066 

19,096 

15.950 

8,713 

3,874 

1,828 

1,040 

637 

419 

277 

192 

112 

54 

69 

25 

120,297 

16,675 

18,317 

21,201 

24,366 

14,257 

9,573 

5,569 

3,204 

1,898 

1,319 

1,100 

965 

742 

513 

296 

168 

115 

19 

100.0 

53.5 
46.5 

16.5 

17.2 
15.8 



4,878 

43,926 

67,943 

56,546 

40,324 

27,493 

20,195 

16,338 

14,435 

11,632 

7,534 

3,785 

1,593 

885 

20 



1,089 
17,758 
32,792 
28,849 
20,935 
14,345 
10,411 
7,972 
6,857 
5,923 
4,411 
2,371 



598 



3,789 

26,168 

35,151 

27,697 

19,389 

13,148 

9,784 

8.366 

7,578 

5,709 

3,123 

1,414 

507 

287 



100.0 

48.9 
51.1 

34.5 

35.7 
33.1 



15,171 



76 

96 

183 

321 

400 

457 

579 

1,144 

1,890 

2,714 

2,757 

2,175 

1,464 

913 



2,264 



108 
187 
306 
403 
340 
270 
196 



38 

57 

117 

232 

323 

383 

509 

1,036 

1,703 

2,408 

2,354 

1,835 

1,194 

717 

1 

100.0 

14.9 
85.1 

65.2 

67.8 
64.7 



46 

225 

766 

1,512 

1,652 

1,405 

1,155 

897 

726 

512 

315 

157 

76 

22 



23 
67 
292 
662 
785 
677 
498 
352 
255 
174 
127 



100.0 

42.2 
57.8 

42.6 

42.0 
43.1 



158 


17 


474 


36 


850 


41 


867 


57 


728 


49 


657 


68 


545 


57 


471 


60 


338 


43 


188 


22 



100.0 

33.1 
66.9 

46.0 

43.1 
48,1 



100.0 

35.3 
64.7 

26.4 

32.0 
15.7 



- Represents zero. 



28 



TABLE 14. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED AS ORPHANS BY SEX, AGE, AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 

FISCAL YEAR 1987 



Region and country 
of birth 



Age 



Female Under 1 year 1-4 years 



5-9 years . Over 9 years 



All countries 



Europe 

Poland 

Portugal 

Other Europe 



Asia 

Bangladesh 

China, Mainland . 

Hong Kong 

India 

Japan 

Korea 

Lebanon 

Philippines 

Taiwan 

Thailand 

Turkey 

Other Asia 



Africa 



Oceania 



North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Dominican Republic 

Haiti 

Jamaica , 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 



South America 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Paraguay 

Peru 

Other South Amenca , 



178 
124 

52 



135 

291 

114 

5 



3,230 

3 



2,484 

13 

288 



4.384 



305 
40 



544 

31 

4,329 



148 


89 


59 


91 


18 


27 


238 


112 


126 


187 


24 


16 


724 


355 


369 


430 


155 


111 


31 


11 


20 


11 


18 


- 


3 


- 


3 


- 


2 


- 


90 


47 


43 


78 


11 


1 


84 


41 


43 ' 


48 


20 


7 


184 


92 


92 


127 


35 


8 



219 
12 



10 

3 

5 

196 



2 
100 



316 

3 



- Represents zero. 



29 



TABLE 15. IMMIGRANT NEW ARRIVALS ADMITTED BY SELECTED PORT OF ENTRY 

AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 

FISCAL YEAR 1987 



Region and country 
of birth 



All ports 



Chicago, IL 



I Paso, 
TX 



Los 

Angeles, 

CA 



Miami, FL 



New York, 



San Fran- 
cisco, CA 



San 
Ysidro, CA 



Seattle, 
WA 



All countries 

Europe 

Austria 

Belgium 

Czechoslovakia 

Denmark 

Finland 

France 

Germany, Fed. Rep. 

Greece 

Hungary 

Ireland 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

U.S.S.R 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

Afghanistan 

Bangladesh 

Burma 

Cambodia 

China, Mainland 

Cyprus 

Hong Kong 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Iraq 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Kuwait 

Laos 

Lebanon 

Macau 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Saudi Arabia 

Singapore 

Sri Lanka 

Syria 

Taiwan 

Thailand 

Turkey 

Vietnam 

Yemen (Sanaa) 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Cape Verde 

Egypt 

Ethiopia 

Ghana 

Kenya 

Libena 

Morocco 



13,221 



31,015 


2,035 


226 


20 


300 


14 


161 


14 


293 


24 


161 


11 


1,115 


62 


4,639 


382 


1,843 


173 


219 


17 


1,960 


39 


1,440 


53 


605 


34 


163 


14 


2,499 


451 


3,413 


2 


608 


12 


931 


9 


545 


36 


356 


44 


738 


16 


7,222 


360 


1,216 


208 


362 


40 


159,825 


12,449 


177 


3 


1,239 


19 


845 


50 


209 


7 


22,219 


1.308 


200 


10 


3,350 


208 


21,925 


1,756 


783 


8 


4,387 


197 


344 


58 


1,844 


81 


2,684 


141 


2,204 


441 


32,135 


3,924 


253 


56 


183 


14 


2,420 


139 


211 


11 


493 


18 


4,954 


492 


40,476 


2,566 


157 


14 


220 


4 


378 


20 


951 


116 


7,493 


596 


2,148 


28 


905 


41 


3,170 


70 


509 


11 


359 


42 


7,599 


408 


544 


- 


1,940 


99 


365 


18 


612 


45 


443 


46 


231 


3 


268 


11 



51,236 
1,929 



92 
283 
63 
32 
45 
60 
76 
16 
43 
8 
60 



46 
751 
66 
28 

36,133 

18 
80 
132 
27 
2,828 
11 
520 
1,758 
291 
820 
34 
216 
977 
268 
11,289 
34 
20 
432 
43 
167 
385 
10,970 
20 
62 
102 
235 
3,193 
580 
111 
456 
24 
30 



768 

1 
301 
39 



33,638 



20 

3 

409 



13 

143 

3 



128,201 
14,571 



141 

85 

491 

1,323 

1,257 

104 

1,182 

1,091 

189 

70 

1,565 

1,849 

460 

616 

305 

166 

537 

1,996 

674 

180 

47,242 

105 

894 

178 

41 

6,807 

144 

911 

13,592 

80 

2,346 

144 

1,279 

429 

1,216 

7,688 

126 

50 

1,225 

40 

90 

3,122 

2,577 



41 
125 
449 
1,381 
348 
571 
568 
383 
203 

4,009 

194 
1,211 
143 
357 
200 
183 
180 



19,913 



12,656 



46 

100 



11 

233 

12 



30,834 

15 

22 

293 

79 

8,143 

5 

1,169 

1,681 

147 

166 

5 

26 

443 

57 

2,335 

12 

31 

33 

87 

131 

263 

12,428 

8 

60 

23 

7 

1,302 

409 

19 

1,390 

34 

11 



12,152 

3 

36 

124 

28 

1,643 

257 
643 
32 
64 



24 
3,014 



278 
295 



371 

13 



30 



IMMIGRANT NEW ARRIVALS ADMITTED BY SELECTED PORT OF ENTRY 
AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 
FISCAL YEAR 1987— Continued 



Region and country 
of birth 



All ports 



Chicago. IL 



El Paso, 
TX 



Los 

Angeles, 

CA 



Miami, FL 



New York, 



San Fran- 
cisco, CA 



San 
Ysidro, CA 



Seattle, 
WA 



Nigeria 

Sierra Leone 

South Africa 

Tanzania 

Uganda 

Zimbabwe 

Other Africa 

Oceania 

Australia 

Fiji 

New Zealand 

Tonga 

Other Oceania 

North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Antigua-Barbuda 

Bahamas. The 

Barbados 

British Virgin Is 

Cuba 

Dominica 

Dominican Republic 

Grenada 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

St. Kitts-Nevis 

St. Lucia 

St. Vincent & Grenadines 

Trinidad & Tobago 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica , 

El Salvador , 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua , 

Panama , 

Other North America 

South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Paraguay 

Peru 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Other South America 



645 
150 
938 
269 
258 
134 
802 

2,463 

575 
1,105 
260 
404 
119 

152,003 

7,049 
57,785 
62,787 

676 

273 
1,391 

157 
1,812 

677 
22,923 

971 
8,759 
20,468 

492 

404 

651 
2.760 

373 

24,301 

1,082 

993 
9,822 
4,883 
3,990 
1,886 
1,645 
81 

34,090 

1,195 

839 

1,300 

1,460 

9,463 

3,626 

10,541 

220 

4,050 

485 

806 

105 



1,944 

217 

1,536 

78 

6 

1 



12,555 

2 

11,324 

830 

9 
1 



398 

12 

17 

152 



663 

16 



27 
284 

71 

122 

3 

104 



396 

181 
132 



12 

10,596 

200 

4.081 

187 

1 



1 
6,122 

90 

136 

3,603 

1,740 

208 

318 

27 



1,414 

201 

3 

99 

141 

287 

189 

12 

15 

417 



20,885 

139 

243 

10,079 

72 

212 



1,419 

61 

1,261 

70 

1,617 

4,455 

26 

43 

59 

583 

96 

10,418 

473 

671 

3,096 

1,983 

2,432 

797 

966 



10,966 

463 

746 

442 

725 

4,596 

1,054 

510 

139 

1,654 

89 



471 



388 

106 



121 

113 



43,560 

436 

400 

42,095 

340 

26 

1,211 

74 

159 

203 

16,816 

825 

6,341 

13,237 

99 

161 

527 

1.958 

118 

616 

7 

52 

52 

94 

39 

50 

322 

13 

18,785 

416 

14 

651 

444 

3,545 

2,136 

9,581 

51 

1,384 

304 

242 

17 



754 

70 

646 

19 



1,499 
10 



2 
594 



509 
13 
5 



18,713 

5 
15,693 
424 
2 
5 
1 



2,588 

121 

32 

1.326 

454 

249 

394 

12 

3 

1,157 

59 

39 
9 

49 
527 
106 

49 

2 

287 

23 



149 

88 
51 



Represents zero. 



31 



IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH AND STATE OF INTENDED RESIDENCE 
FISCAL YEAR 1987 



State of intended 
residence 

Total 

Alabama 

Alaska 

Arizona 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut 

Delaware 

District of Columbia 

Florida 

Georgia 

Hawaii 

Idalio 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Kentucky 

Louisiana 

Maine 

Maryland 

Massachusetts 

Micfiigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi 

Missoun 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire 

New Jersey 

New Mexico 

New York 

North Carolina 

North Dakota 

Ohio 

Oklahoma 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania 

Rhode Island 

South Carolina 

South Dakota 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah 

Vermont 

Virginia 

Washington 

West Virginia 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming 

US possessions 

Guam 

Puerto Rico 

Virgin Islands 

Unknown 



All 
countries 



1,597 
992 

7,189 

861 

161,164 

4,562 

8,058 
621 

2,572 
54,654 

6,118 
6,796 

682 
25,995 
2,279 
1,579 
1,804 
1,381 
3,824 

855 

11,846 

16,630 

8,929 

5,621 

862 

2,715 

341 

760 

2,562 

1,070 

30,849 
2,302 
114,194 
3,181 
305 
5,930 
2,131 
3,687 
10,599 
2,425 

1,480 

304 

2,276 

42,349 

1,995 

517 
11,235 
9,684 

530 
2,912 

261 



1,805 

4,177 

1,466 

3 



39 

2 

3,953 

127 

213 

1 



145 
1,320 



13 
175 

54 
153 
601 
351 



164 
652 
125 
8 
257 
1,075 



2,187 
167 
331 



195 

131 

57 

305 



140 
418 
633 
207 



86 
190 



319 

23 

1,194 

172 

31 
229 

40 
159 
249 

27 



112 
518 
158 
101 
196 
552 
16 



China, 
Mainland 



23 

17 
211 

13 

10,088 

111 

144 

28 
123 
432 

117 
583 



466 
908 
224 
91 
12 
116 
10 



7,542 
64 



266 
381 
43 



648 

75 

14 

265 

471 

10 



5 

859 

35 

298 

4 

27 

2,291 



146 
233 
53 



3,706 
40 



34 
142 
163 



685 
22 



30 
24,287 



255 
12 



Dominican 
Republic 



74 
874 



94 
1,114 



15,860 
7 



El Sal- 
vador 



3 
5,620 



3 
247 
310 



6 
133 



451 
99 



1,609 
16 



2 
492 



378 
9 



19 
242 



755 

3 

2,611 



3,199 
130 



32 



TABLE 16. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH AND STATE OF INTENDED RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1987— Continued 



State of intended 
residence 



Guatemala Guyana 



Total . 



Alabama 

Alaska 

Arizona 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut 

Delaware 

District of Columbia 
Florida 



Georgia ... 

Hawaii 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana .... 

Iowa 

Kansas ..... 
Kentucky . 
Louisiana . 
Maine 



Maryland 

Massachusetts ... 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi 

MlSSOUM 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire . 



New Jersey 

New Mexico .... 

New York 

North Carolina 
North Dakota ... 

Ohio 

Oklahoma 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania .... 
Rhode Island ... 



South Carolina . 
South Dakota ... 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah 

Vermont 

Virginia 

Washington 

West Virginia .... 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming 



US. possessions 

Guam 

Puerto Rico 

Virgin Islands 

Unknown 



194 
145 
38 



201 
23 



120 
324 



262 
80 



140 
9 



Haiti Honduras Hong Kong India 



14,819 
2 



254 
16 



206 

1,053 



27 

761 



62 
128 
19 



5 
255 



7 

1,963 

26 



15 

143 

6 

1,034 

13 

3 

46 

7 

23 

75 



257 

49 

4,770 

163 

524 
53 
56 

667 



15 
24 
2,883 
253 
111 
143 
108 
244 
34 

1,013 
673 
920 

231 

90 

207 

5 



3,144 

88 

4,241 

333 

26 

678 

123 

137 

1,171 

45 

122 



4 


180 


78 


178 


1,852 


1,054 


9 


71 


104 


5 


26 


4 


37 


648 


471 


73 


271 


229 


1 


81 


32 


16 


209 


56 


5 


16 


5 



13 
164 

30 

7,011 

164 

126 

19 

62 
349 



351 
57 



465 
344 
190 
116 
23 
75 



22 

312 

47 

1,069 

79 

8 

166 

114 

107 

180 



13 

7 

414 

13 

1.162 

70 

223 

3,655 

158 
5 



673 
613 
107 
31 

7 



12,450 
42 



163 
259 
366 
76 
9,999 
640 
318 



544 

628 
912 

45 
1,910 
252 
263 
198 
233 
116 
54 

1,486 

509 

1,056 

646 

71 

281 

84 

126 

258 



1,582 

64 

4,012 

355 

36 

552 

246 

444 

1,532 

42 

145 

41 

236 

1,493 



1,329 
1,348 



300 
22 



33 



IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH AND STATE OF INTENDED RESIDENCE 
FISCAL YEAR 1987— Continued 



State of intended 
residence 



Philippines 



United 
Kingdom 



Total I 72.351 



Alabama 

Alaska 

Arizona 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut 

Delaware 

District of Columbia 
Florida 



Georgia ... 

Hawaii 

Idaho 

Illinois , 

Indiana ..... 

Iowa , 

Kansas ..... 
Kentucky 
Louisiana . 
Iwlaine 



Maryland 

l\/lassachusetts ... 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi 

Missouri 

f\/lontana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire . 



New Jersey 

New Mexico .... 

New York , 

North Carolina 
North Dakota ... 

Ohio 

Oklahoma , 

Oregon , 

Pennsylvania .... 
Rhode Island .. 



South Carolina . 
South Dakota ... 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah 

Vermont 

Virginia 

Washington 

West Virginia .... 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming 



US possessions 



Guam 

Puerto Rico ... 
Virgin Islands 
Unknown 



22 

49 

3,314 

45 

35,228 

851 
51 
18 
23 

772 

185 
19 

159 
4,959 

197 
74 

299 
29 
96 



76 
232 
84 



106 

411 

10 

168 
1,491 
652 
121 
1 
106 
424 
346 
101 



20.166 
197 



257 
63 



10 

1,022 

47 



2 
626 



247 
76 

167 
40 



31 
23 

125 



20 
618 
26 



5,901 

3 

12 
46 



1,063 
33 
123 
2 
49 
710 



10 
160 



211 
76 



90 
268 
277 
111 
24,833 
235 
185 

43 

118 

1,109 

263 
3,784 

41 
2,820 
157 
108 
112 

93 
193 

53 

754 
268 
568 
203 

82 
264 

28 



1,889 

93 

2,602 

199 

36 

392 

112 

293 

508 

60 

176 



7 


131 


160 


1,471 


27 


72 


5 


26 


231 


1,199 


43 


1,397 


1 


59 


5 


153 


1 


19 



10 


56 


21 


13 


52 


122 


17 


30 


614 


5,148 


72 


102 


505 


120 


12 


31 



113 
242 
368 

50 



21 
257 
39 



180 
95 



289 
233 



55 
190 

13 



935 
52 

2 
205 
220 

7 



10 
176 



135 
37 



255 
18 



153 
347 
48 
350 

15 



63 
193 
88 



371 
35 



159 
395 



2,585 

173 

452 

50 

68 

1,080 



328 

36 

10,119 

327 

196 

9 

16 

728 



280 


434 


49 


144 


16 


32 


437 


531 


124 


84 


32 


171 


46 


185 


55 


151 


111 


536 


60 


18 


307 


365 


549 


1,069 


301 


232 


113 


508 


55 


160 


113 


208 



861 


199 


50 


37 


1,964 


1,177 


187 


145 


23 


4 


278 


160 


52 


247 


115 


413 


417 


611 


49 


27 



108 


110 


738 


2,154 


69 


167 


32 


3 


354 


882 


226 


829 



- Represents zero. 



34 



TABLE 17. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY STATE OF INTENDED RESIDENCE 
FISCAL YEARS 1977-87 



State of intended 
residence 



Total 

Alabama 

Alaska 

Arizona 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut 

Delaware 

Dist. of Columbia 
Florida 

Georgia 

Hawaii 

Idafio 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Kentucky 

Louisiana 

Maine 

(Maryland 

Ivlassachusetts .... 

Ivlicfiigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi 

Missoun 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampstiire ... 

New Jersey 

New Mexico 

New York 

Nortfi Carolina 

North Dakota 

Ofiio 

Oklatioma 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania 

Rhode Island 

South Carolina 

South Dakota 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah 

Vermont 

Virginia 

Washington 

West Virginia 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming 

US. possessions 

Guam 

Puerto Rico 

Virgin Islands 

Other or unknown 



462,315 

871 

582 
3,708 

609 

98,937 

2,633 

6,726 

460 
2,622 
57,071 

2,835 

7,825 

460 

25,006 

2,094 

1,260 

1,451 

1,022 

3,279 

664 

8,134 
12,153 
10,851 
2,986 

681 
2,716 

417 

745 
1,987 

558 

33,499 
1,486 

88,811 
1,876 
370 
7,129 
1,351 
2,574 
9,068 
2,802 

1,005 

204 

1,453 

21,430 

1,339 

319 
6,556 
5,690 

709 
2,279 

218 



2,211 
4,739 
3,840 



601,442 460.348 



1,821 

797 

5,518 

1,893 

146,061 

5,401 

7,963 

666 

3,291 

39,428 

4,000 

9,053 

852 

33.638 

3.533 

3,004 

2,936 

1,540 

8,573 

888 

9,781 
16,383 
11,520 
5,560 
1,091 
4,265 
492 
1,501 
2,240 
743 

32,973 
2,032 
100,542 
3,036 
471 
9,178 
3,629 
4,646 
15,342 
3,050 

1,864 

483 

2,014 

46,752 

2,247 

365 

11,596 

10,952 

821 

4,321 

251 



2,444 
5.166 
2.831 



1.112 
536 

4,609 

860 

118,880 

3,363 

8,956 
510 

2,446 
26,887 

2,914 
8.944 

544 
19.497 
2,580 
1.607 
1,713 
1,347 
2,193 

673 

7,874 
12,081 
10,335 
3,118 

564 
2,321 

337 
1,033 
1,742 

428 

26,465 
1,328 

94,401 
3,004 
271 
6,662 
1,978 
2.017 
8,966 
2,593 

1,522 

169 

1,414 

30,520 

1,952 

317 
7,638 
6,276 

710 
2,638 

211 



2,234 

4,215 
2,841 



594,131 

1,142 

704 

5,024 

1,810 

162,982 

5,182 

7,809 

381 

2.583 

24.233 

3,196 
8,557 

698 
33.558 
3,246 
3,726 
3,321 

930 
5,086 

807 

9,977 
11,584 
9,908 
9,192 

677 
2,990 

630 
1,401 
2,818 

539 

27.420 
2.533 

85,048 
3,200 
442 
7,529 
2,562 
8,233 

12,236 
2.256 

1.452 

407 

3,533 

47,679 

2.589 

355 

11.744 

13,168 

689 

4,268 

291 



2,137 
4,291 
3,115 



559,763 

1,980 

858 
5,444 
1,261 
134,791 
5,551 
6,577 

565 
2,789 
27,625 

6,719 

7,118 

591 

26,286 

2,857 

2,158 

2,270 

1,612 j 

4,198 1 

859 

9,768 
12,872 
8,441 
6,103 

616 
3,266 

327 

970 
2,389 

605 

26,372 

2,303 
93,159 

3,494 
483 

6,853 

3,268 

4,807 
11,567 

3,384 

1,504 

259 

2,146 

46,480 

2,391 

345 

10,372 

11,840 

623 

3,100 

259 



2,025 
3,339 
4,621 



543,903 

1,696 

970 

5,289 

1,104 

140,289 

4,656 

7,069 

592 

2,391 

32,364 

4,690 
8,981 

741 
26,617 
2,398 
1,564 
2,609 
1,073 
5,403 
798 

9,749 
13,418 
8,065 
5,243 

786 
3,186 

333 

984 
2,130 

772 

27,148 
2,258 
107,056 
3,207 
385 
6,254 
4,915 
4,342 
9.801 
2.666 

1,677 

293 

2,065 

42,180 

2,746 

406 
9,528 
9,234 

628 
2,469 

271 



2,062 

3,856 
2,489 



570,009 ! 601,708 



1,516 

990 

6,131 

1.041 

155,403 

5,471 

6,948 

544 

2,708 

36,833 

5,452 
7,868 

658 
26,624 
2,388 
1,645 
2.363 
1.488 
3,822 

918 

10,118 
14,401 
8,276 
4,995 

684 
2,904 

385 

983 
2,778 

827 

31,074 
2,197 
104.734 
3,151 
404 
6,527 
2,964 
4,270 

10,294 
2,439 

1,591 

307 
2,130 
43,915 
2.335 

428 
11,224 
9.675 

561 
3.956 

308 



1,931 
4,682 
1.750 



1,697 
1,115 
7,133 

929 

168,790 

4,739 

7,001 

585 
2,444 
48,600 

5,671 
7,814 

768 
26,093 
2,496 
1,309 
2,043 
1,049 
4,373 

941 

10,768 

15,120 

8,560 

5,189 

785 

2,912 

369 

787 

3,021 

834 

34,638 
2,234 
110,216 
3,317 
400 
7,215 
2,516 
3,820 
10,597 
2,684 

1,344 

233 

2,071 

42,316 

2,106 

351 
10,557 
9,470 

583 
3,364 

266 



1.950 
4,013 
1,512 



601,516 

1,597 
992 

7,189 

861 

161.164 

4,562 

8,058 
621 

2,572 
54,654 

6,118 
6,796 

682 
25,995 
2,279 
1,579 
1,804 
1,381 
3.824 

855 

11,846 

16,630 

8,929 

5,621 

862 

2,715 

341 

760 

2.562 

1.070 

30.849 
2,302 
114,194 
3,181 
305 
5,930 
2,131 
3,687 
10,599 
2,425 

1,480 

304 

2,276 

42,349 

1,995 

517 
11,235 
9,684 

530 
2,912 

261 



1,805 
4,177 
1,466 



- Represents zero. 

NOTE: State of intended residence was not available in fiscal years 1980 and 19 



)1. See Glossary for fiscal year definitions. 



35 



TABLE 18. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH AND SELECTED 

METROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREA OF INTENDED RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1987 



Metropolitan statistical area' 
of intended residence 



Cambo- 
dia 



China, 
Main- 
land 



Colom- 
bia 



Domini- 
can Re- 
public 



El Sal- 
vador 



Ger- 
many, 
Fed. 
Rep. 



Total 

New York, NY 

Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA 

Miami-Hialeah, FL 

Chicago, IL 

Washington, DC-MD-VA 

San Francisco, CA 

Anaheim-Santa Ana, CA 

San Diego, CA 

Houston, TX 

San Jose, CA 

Oakland, CA 

Boston, MA 

Newark, NJ 

Nassau-Suffolk, NY 

Bergen-Passaic, NJ 

Philadelphia, PA-NJ , 

Dallas, TX 

Detroit, Ml , 

Seattle, WA 

Jersey City, NJ 

Honolulu, HI 

Riverside-San Bernardino, CA , 

El Paso, TX , 

Atlanta, GA , 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI 

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Cleanwater, FL , 

Sacramento, CA 

Stockton, CA 

San Juan, PR 

Middlesex-Somerset-Hunterdon, NJ 

Baltimore, MD 

San Antonio, TX 

Denver, CO 

Fori Lauderdale-Hollywood-Pompano Beach, FL 

Fori Worth-Arlington, TX 

Portland, OR 

New Orleans, LA 

Fresno, CA 

Oxnard-Ventura, CA 

Hartford, CT 

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach, FL 

Lake County, IL 

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX 

Orlando, FL 

Cleveland, OH 

Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News, VA 

Providence, Rl 

Las Vegas, NV 

Salinas-Seaside-Monterey, CA 

St. Louis, MO-IL 

Other MSAs 

Non-MSA 

See footnotes at end of table. 



601,516 

97,510 
64,453 
37,887 
20,297 
17,936 
16,234 
12,998 
12,706 
11,399 
11,152 

10,920 
10,705 
9,186 
8,359 
8,229 
7,962 
7,475 
5,836 
5,807 
5,470 

5,457 
5,177 
4,690 
4,620 
4,288 
3,719 
3,667 
3,566 
3,499 
3,472 

3,189 
3,044 
2,923 
2,871 
2,703 
2,549 
2,343 
2,316 
2,258 
2,188 

2,161 
2,023 
1,995 
1,850 
1,797 
1,793 
1,750 
1,685 
1,643 
1,642 

91,311 

40,806 



420 
359 



68 
1,135 



37 
346 
20 



3,549 



636 

620 
294 
151 
216 
139 
287 
301 
143 
152 

158 
268 

89 
110 

74 
120 
145 
451 
226 



3,570 



25,841 

7,042 
2,886 
160 
650 
594 
3,898 
329 
202 
283 
662 

1,191 
795 
178 
281 

93 
328 
157 
153 
390 

54 

563 
71 



44 


148 


14 


28 


15 


89 


62 


26 



17 


45 


46 


35 


77 


28 


154 


42 


45 


37 



11,700 

3,233 
468 

1,763 
262 
230 
33 
135 



30 
144 
595 
334 
662 
108 



1,194 
510 



28,916 

1,670 

426 

22,339 

236 

85 

52 

85 



1 

12 

480 

301 

524 

1,098 

68 

17 

10 



2,746 
372 



1,294 



10,693 

1,043 
4,061 
215 
101 
1,129 
821 
144 
27 
400 
143 

125 
80 
195 
520 
104 
23 



too 

6 



7,210 

329 
320 

66 
119 
192 
104 

88 
113 

80 



118 
5'4 

115 
63 



36 



TABLE 18. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH AND SELECTED 

METROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREA OF INTENDED RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1967— Continued 



Metropolitan statistical area' 
of intended residence 



Guyana 



Hondu- 



Jamaica Korea 



Lebanon Mexico 



Total 

New York, NY 

Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA 

Miami-Hialeah, FL 

Chicago, IL 

Washington, DC-MD-VA 

San Francisco, CA 

Anaheim-Santa Ana, CA 

San Diego, CA 

Houston, TX 

San Jose, CA 

Oakland, CA 

Boston, MA 

Newark, NJ 

Nassau-Suffolk, NY 

Bergen-Passaic, NJ 

Philadelphia, PA-NJ 

Dallas, TX 

Detroit, Ml 

Seattle, WA 

Jersey City, NJ , 

Honolulu, HI 

Riverside-San Bernardino, CA , 

El Paso. TX 

Atlanta, GA 

Ivlinneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI 

Tampa-St Petersburg-Clearwater, FL 

Sacramento, CA , 

Stockton, CA 

San Juan, PR 

Middlesex-Somerset-Hunterdon. NJ , 

Baltimore, MD , 

San Antonio, TX 

Denver, CO 

Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood-Pompano Beach, FL 

Fort Worth-Arlington, TX 

Portland, OR 

New Orleans, LA 

Fresno, CA 

Oxnard-Venlura, CA 

Hartford, CT 

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach, FL 

Lake County, IL 

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX 

Orlando, FL 

Cleveland, OH 

Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News, VA 

Providence, Rl 

Las Vegas, NV 

Salinas-Seaside-Monterey, CA 

St. Louis, MO-IL 

Other MSAs 

Non-MSA 

See footnotes at end of table. 



11,384 

8,028 

146 

141 

34 

361 

7 



48 
449 
293 
138 

70 



14.819 

6,274 

47 

3,533 

201 

218 

15 



4,751 

1,317 
483 
630 



2,885 

1,190 

161 

2,154 

1,120 

222 

479 

122 

789 

919 

604 
416 
676 
734 
687 
815 
497 
671 
178 
612 



156 
34 

276 

201 
72 

108 
43 



54 

312 

3 

76 

226 

64 

37 

41 

8 

106 

6,156 

1,986 



14,426 

682 
3,927 
117 
256 
749 
463 
645 
349 
388 
634 

400 
245 
64 
255 
137 
124 
288 
109 
193 



2.228 
598 



23,148 

11,192 

254 

1,802 

309 

742 

II 

12 



1,900 
785 



35,849 

2,869 

5,827 

86 

1,163 
1,628 
465 
1,137 
211 
381 
505 

443 
277 
252 
433 
580 
1,190 
357 
458 
643 
105 

872 
263 

64 
385 
461 
106 
178 

34 



700 
152 
348 
23 
107 
303 
49 
39 
125 
102 

13 

336 

5 

66 
112 



209 
202 
185 

7,818 

3,204 



197 
324 
39 



26 

32 

1 

122 

814 

97 

267 

262 



20 
427 



2.161 
438 



354 

621 

53 

73 

136 



30 
169 
25 



50 
589 



37 



TABLE 18. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH AND SELECTED 

METROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREA OF INTENDED RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1987— Continued 



Metropolitan statistical area' 
of intended residence 


Pakistan 


Peru 


Philip- 
pines 


Poland 


Roman- 
ia 


Taiwan 


Thai- 
land 


United 
Kingdom 


Vietnam 


Other 




6,319 

1.103 
336 
164 
481 
482 

66 
129 

22 
326 

87 

110 
47 
97 

142 
77 
84 

139 

125 
28 
98 

13 
37 

4 
39 
30 
14 
63 
SO 

4 
90 

56 
18 
38 
13 
68 
18 
48 
14 
2 
26 

10 

47 

2 

19 

23 

2 

3 

7 

28 

1,026 

362 


5,901 

1,202 

500 

525 

147 

420 

115 

79 

47 

57 

52 

109 
50 
308 
127 
510 
31 
26 
6 
33 
188 

15 
44 

5 
35 
10 
32 
22 

7 
16 
84 

26 
21 
27 
46 
15 
16 
5 
2 
15 
56 

16 
2 
1 
16 
16 
15 
8 
18 
2 
11 

510 

255 


50,060 

2,073 
7.913 

277 
2,195 

971 
3,596 

965 
3,543 

560 
1,988 

2,368 
164 
505 
255 
425 
427 
265 
401 
897 
421 

2,745 
551 
47 
151 
150 
130 
441 
349 
2 
187 

247 
129 
i51 
48 
82 
187 
105 
178 
420 
35 

41 

267 

7 

95 

94 
682 

52 
295 
347 
139 

5,852 

5,645 


7.519 

969 
190 
39 
1.774 
98 
75 
78 
100 
60 
45 

71 
116 
155 
145 
263 
205 

74 
302 

75 

88 

1 
9 

37 
34 
53 
6 

5 

90 

57 

31 

58 

10 

11 

14 

8 

1 

2 

130 

13 
68 

15 

52 
5 
8 

12 
1 

40 

1.568 
258 


3.837 

644 

326 
56 

503 
44 
17 

240 
27 
54 
38 

83 
22 
31 
33 
17 
51 
49 
208 
54 
4 

2 
90 

44 
19 
13 
98 

18 

8 

1 
13 
8 
13 
100 
13 

7 
45 

5 
10 

4 

110 

9 

10 

25 

487 

184 


11.931 

1.202 
2.541 
29 
238 
345 
426 
596 
125 
310 
698 

314 
173 
197 
136 
106 
139 
308 

95 
176 

35 

95 
84 
4 
129 
61 
10 
92 
17 

140 

69 
53 
66 

8 
71 
38 
38 

8 
30 
21 

12 
44 

1 
20 
51 
28 
10 
27 

4 
48 

1.850 

613 


6.733 

310 
912 

29 
201 
237 

86 
184 
133 

87 
123 

107 

170 

18 

20 

10 

158 

144 

28 

222 

5 

30 

76 

5 

118 

223 

52 

82 

313 

2 

7 

34 
12 
54 
7 
61 
50 
20 
128 
12 
15 

18 

12 

19 
13 
16 
86 

55 
4 
21 

1.629 

375 


13.497 

1,377 
882 
239 
222 
387 
213 
282 
210 
272 
210 

184 
343 
226 
248 
164 
262 
161 
208 
137 
53 

38 

111 
13 

192 
84 

183 
77 
10 
16 

142 

122 
45 
103 
110 
51 
80 
58 
7 
64 
80 

112 
41 
4 
89 
82 
77 
37 
53 
13 
53 

3,694 

1,376 


24,231 

640 

2,104 

26 

386 

958 

782 

2.227 

732 

902 

1,744 

740 

726 

48 

56 

18 

490 

532 

48 

621 

44 

139 
220 

386 
360 
294 
507 
594 

34 

63 

51 

290 

15 

258 

373 

363 

99 

35 

78 

37 

7 

137 
36 
92 
15 
68 
18 

161 

4,798 
879 


116,479 




23.839 




9.573 




3,943 




3,240 




5,453 




3,524 




1,785 




1,430 




2,148 




1,565 




2.355 




3.364 




2.756 


Nassau-Suftolk NY 


2.253 




2.089 




1.734 




1,538 




1,553 




941 




1,449 




748 




664 


El Paso TX 


105 




1,179 




720 




685 




594 




171 




355 




806 




782 




235 




532 




555 




517 




427 




469 




158 




209 




440 




517 




375 




14 




410 




479 




340 




599 




271 




163 




437 




18,395 




7,596 







' Metropolitan statistical areas defined by the Office of Management and Budget, June 30, 1986 and ranked by the 
number of immigrants. 
- Represents zero. 



38 



IMMIGRANT BENEFICIARIES OF OCCUPATIONAL PREFERENCES ADMITTED 
BY TYPE OF ADMISSION AND OCCUPATION 
FISCAL YEAR 1987 



Occupation 



Beneficiaries of occupational preferences 



3rd pref. 
new arrivals 



3rd pref. 
adjustments 



6lh pref. 
new arrivals 



6th pref. 
adjustments 



All otfier 
Immigrants 



All occupations 

Professional specialty and technical occupations .. 

Architects 

Engineers, surveyors, and mapping scientists 

Mathematical and computer scientists 

Natural scientists 

Health diagnosticians 

Doctors 

Others 

" Health assessment and treating personnel 

Nurses 

Others 

Teachers (postsecondary) 

Teachers (except postsecondary) 

Counselors (educational and vocational) 

Librarians, archivists, and curators 

Social scientists and urban planners 

Social, recreation, and religious workers 

Lawryers and judges 

Writers, artists, entertainers, and athletes 

Technologists and technicians (health) 

Technologists and technicians (except health) 

Executive, administrative, and managerial occupations 

Sales occupations 

Administrative support occupations (including clerical) 

Precision production, craft, and repair occupations 

Operator, fabricator, and laborer occupations 

Farming, forestry, and fishing occupations 

Service occupations 

No occupation 

Homemaker 

Unemployed or retired 

Students and/or children under age 16 

Unknown or not reported 



601,516 

42,307 

661 
8,340 
1,176 
1,292 
3,215 
2,348 

867 
6,417 
4,758 
1,659 
2,656 
5,536 

126 

157 

508 
1,760 

597 
4,375 

835 
4,656 

21,792 
12.331 
20.989 
27.181 
55.448 
12.025 
49.999 

330,884 
87,083 
66,768 

177,033 
28.560 



23,671 

9,973 

155 

3,276 

650 

516 

428 

304 

124 

1,828 

1.435 

393 

1.005 

418 

14 

11 



458 
110 
764 

3.818 
288 
577 

1.854 
549 
95 

5,071 



4,004 

3,006 

108 
966 
175 
148 
266 
200 
66 
662 
511 
151 
233 
111 
4 
2 
38 
51 
22 
89 
25 
106 

773 
31 



8,044 

5,129 

38 

2.178 

407 

354 

146 



47 
331 

177 
154 
701 
244 



21 
144 

47 
420 

1.488 

35 



9,983 
1,462 



49 
12 
11 
3 
8 
6S4 
593 



5 
102 

4 

190 

30 

201 



302 

1,687 

490 



376 


32.334 


1 


506 


50 


5.064 


19 


526 


2 


776 


5 


2,787 


2 


2,044 


3 


743 


181 


4,589 


154 


3,323 


27 


1.266 


12 


1,651 


13 


5,118 


1 


112 


- 


146 


- 


426 


12 


1.549 


- 


550 


35 


3,917 


8 


725 


37 


3.892 


517 


17.974 


33 


12.043 


49 


20.412 


40 


25.327 


22 


54,899 


5 


11,930 


169 


44,928 


- 


330,884 


- 


87.083 


- 


66.768 


- 


177.033 


429 


27.114 



Represents zero. 



39 



TABLE 20. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY MAJOR OCCUPATION GROUP AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 

FISCAL YEAR 1987 





Total 


Occupation 




Region and country 
of birth 


Total 


Profes- 
sional 
specialty 
and tech- 
nical 


Executive, 
admini- 
strative, 

and man- 
agerial 


Sales 


Admini- 
strative 
support 


Precision 
produc- 
tion, craft, 
and repair 


Operator, 

fabricator, 

and 

laborer 


Farming, 
forestry, 

and 
fishing 


Service 


No occu- 
pation or 
not re- 
ported ' 


All countries 


601,516 


242,072 


42.307 


21,792 


12,331 


20,989 


27,181 


55,448 


12,025 


49,999 


359,444 


Europe 


61,174 


28,676 


7,746 


3,246 


1,440 


2,763 


3,727 


3,910 


821 


5,023 


32,498 


Austria 


483 


225 


72 


40 


14 


17 


19 


12 


3 


48 


258 


Belgium 


636 


259 


89 


68 


10 


27 


12 


9 


- 


44 


377 


Czechoslovakia 


1,357 


690 


164 


30 


17 


41 


100 


158 


3 


177 


667 


Denmark 


537 


285 


80 


61 


24 


31 


20 


9 


2 


58 


252 


Finland 


331 


173 


57 


35 


12 


18 


10 


8 


7 


26 


158 


France 


2,513 


1,119 


387 


229 


53 


102 


68 


34 


7 


239 


1,394 


Germany Fed Rep 


7,210 


3,037 


773 


311 


333 


634 


241 


134 


29 


582 


4,173 


Greece 


2,653 


1,069 


229 


86 


46 


42 


226 


155 


85 


200 


1,584 


Hungary 


994 


584 


143 


30 


15 


37 


84 


143 


4 


128 


410 


Ireland 


3,060 


1,858 


499 


197 


82 


186 


298 


213 


46 


337 


1,202 


Italy 


2,784 


1,118 


225 


151 


56 


37 


207 


162 


37 


243 


1,666 


Netherlands 


1,230 


674 


221 


142 


32 


69 


28 


29 


10 


143 


556 


Norway 


326 


157 


49 


29 


6 


16 


16 


15 


3 


23 


169 


Poland 


7,519 


4,022 


972 


108 


91 


199 


709 


1,102 


166 


675 


3,497 


Portugal 


3,912 


1,736 


69 


48 


30 


67 


456 


348 


306 


412 


2,176 


Romania 


3,837 


1,757 


408 


63 


63 


99 


278 


551 


8 


287 


2,080 


Spam 


1,578 


585 


166 


57 


29 


55 


104 


56 


8 


110 


993 


Sweden 


1,057 


524 


202 


106 


31 


44 


35 


22 


3 


81 


533 


Switzerland 


759 


393 


148 


76 


19 


48 


26 


12 


2 


62 


366 


U.SSR 


2,384 


942 


384 


58 


44 


65 


120 


147 


2 


122 


1,442 


United Kingdom 


13,497 


6,319 


2,101 


1,243 


382 


837 


511 


377 


40 


828 


7,178 


Yugoslavia 


1,827 


763 


192 


39 


26 


63 


106 


157 


45 


135 


1,064 


Other Europe 


690 


387 


116 


39 


25 


29 


53 


57 


5 


63 


303 


Asia 


257,684 


83,709 


21,779 


11,265 


5,327 


7,539 


5,760 


12,578 


7,061 


12,400 


173,975 


Afghanistan 


2,424 


469 


68 


33 


50 


32 


37 


91 


- 


158 


1,955 


Bangladesh 


1,649 


624 


124 


118 


24 


32 


20 


33 


29 


244 


1,025 


Burma 


941 


436 


92 


35 


42 


45 


93 


76 


3 


50 


505 


Cambodia 


12,460 


2,688 


43 


11 


36 


42 


140 


1,554 


271 


591 


9,772 


China Mainland 


25,841 


13,502 


2,269 


995 


788 


799 


703 


3,095 


3,672 


1,181 


12,339' 


Cyprus 


331 


137 


43 


18 


10 


11 


20 


8 


2 


25 


194 


Hong Kong 


4,706 


1,687 


491 


312 


■ 123 


262 


125 


132 


5 


237 


3.019 


India 


27,803 


9,258 


4,261 


1,451 


385 


629 


355 


299 


766 


1,112 


18,545 


Indonesia 


1,254 


437 


141 


90 


28 


59 


23 


28 


2 


66 


817 


Iran 


14,426 


5,536 


1.723 


936 


586 


491 


339 


444 


17 


1,000 


8.890 


Iraq 


1.072 


416 


112 


45 


34 


49 


36 


72 


1 


67 


656 


Israel 


3.699 


1,331 


459 


217 


126 


103 


135 


102 


14 


175 


2,368 


Japan 


4,174 


1,487 


336 


292 


78 


158 


55 


37 


17 


514 


2,687 


Jordan 


3,125 


984 


180 


148 


92 


70 


109 


226 


30 


129 


2,141 


Korea 


35,849 


5,967 


1,311 


1,315 


421 


1,073 


393 


513 


283 


658 


29,882 


Kuwait 


507 


94 


27 


20 


9 


9 


4 


7 


- 


18 


413 


Laos 


6,828 


1,525 


26 


6 


21 


19 


113 


1,010 


32 


298 


5,303 


Lebanon 


4,367 


1,546 


464 


248 


142 


107 


222 


114 


15 


234 


2,821 


Macau 


254 


142 


31 


25 


16 


22 


14 


16 


- 


18 


112 


Malaysia 


1,016 


459 


173 


81 


22 


62 


27 


18 


2 


74 


557 


Pakistan 


6,319 


2,471 


544 


557 


195 


164 


95 


120 


110 


686 


3,848 


Philippines 


50,060 


18,510 


5,893 


2,619 


1,014 


2,306 


1,437 


1,360 


1,403 


2,478 


31,550 


Saudi Arabia 


294 


32 


6 


9 


2 


3 


3 


2 


- 


7 


262 


Singapore 


469 


189 


65 


41 


10 


30 


4 


6 


3 


30 


280 


Sn Lanka 


630 


296 


117 


51 


12 


37 


12 


15 


2 


50 


334 


Syria 


1,669 


546 


159 


73 


59 


24 


90 


57 


21 


63 


1,123 


Taiwan 


11,931 


4,509 


1,787 


1,137 


441 


465 


123 


99 


52 


405 


7,422 


Thailand 


6,733 


1,348 


262 


160 


237 


136 


124 


93 


29 


307 


5,385 


Turkey 


1,596 


658 


200 


84 


46 


57 


112 


48 


13 


98 


938 


Vietnam 


24,231 


6,078 


350 


113 


268 


233 


786 


2,672 


259 


1,397 


18,153 


Yemen (Sanaa) 


577 


238 


5 


14 


5 


3 


7 


194 


2 


8 


339 


Other Asia 


449 


109 


17 


11 


5 


7 


4 


37 


6 


22 


340 


Atrica 


17,724 


8,445 


2,213 


1,118 


564 


857 


372 


1,018 


52 


2,251 


9,279 


Cape Verde 


657 


228 


15 


8 


3 


9 


23 


128 


5 


37 


429 


Egypt 


3,377 


1.613 


618 


285 


88 


145 


68 


105 


8 


296 


1,764 


Ethiopia 


2,156 


1.035 


95 


49 


81 


115 


47 


256 


3 


389 


1,121 



See footnotes at end of table. 



40 



TABLE 20. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY MAJOR OCCUPATION GROUP AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 

FISCAL YEAR 1987— Continued 



Region and country 
of birth 



Occupation 



Profes- 
sional 
specialty 
and tech- 
nical 



Executive, 
admini- 
strative, 

and man- 
agerial 



Admini- 
strative 
support 



Precision 
produc- 
tion, craft, 
and repair 



Operator, 

fabricator 

and 

laborer 



Farming, 
forestry, 

and 
fishing 



Ghana 

Kenya 

Liberia 

f^orocco , 

Nigeria , 

Sierra Leone , 
South Africa ., 

Tanzania 

Uganda 

Zimbabwe 

Other Africa ... 



Oceania 

Australia , 

Fiji 

New Zealand ... 

Tonga , 

Other Oceania 



North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Antigua-Barbuda 

Bahamas, The 

Barbados 

British Virgin Is 

Cuba 

Dominica 

Dominican Republic 

Grenada 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

St. Kitts-Nevis 

St. Lucia 

St. Vincent & Grenadines . 

Trinidad & Tobago 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

Other North America 



South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia , 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Paraguay 

Peru 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Other South America . 



1,120 
698 
622 
R35 

3,278 
453 

1,741 
385 
357 
252 

1,993 

3,993 

1,253 

1,205 

591 

545 

399 

216,550 

1 1 ,876 

72,351 

102,899 

874 

556 

1,665 

296 

28,916 

740 

24,858 

1,098 

14,819 

23,148 

589 

496 

746 

3,543 

555 

29,296 

1,354 

1,391 

10,693 

5,729 

4,751 

3,294 

2.084 

128 

44,385 

2,106 
1,170 
2,505 
2.140 
11,700 
4,641 
11,384 

291 
5,901 

709 
1.694 

144 



Unknown or not reported . 



583 
370 
258 
298 
1,810 
211 
732 
211 
184 
124 
788 

1,960 

642 

663 
311 
240 
104 

103,046 

5,605 

35.137 

49,066 

461 

159 

797 

121 

16.491 

357 

9,306 

603 

7,853 

10,241 

315 

247 

373 

1.485 

257 

13,157 

699 

517 

5.427 

2.585 

1.937 

1.279 

713 

81 

16,234 

874 

449 

903 

847 

3.310 

1,981 

4,543 

75 

2,324 

338 

543 



378 
39 

314 
52 
59 
45 

233 

463 

263 
48 

118 
13 



7,615 

1,848 
1,203 
3,597 

49 



12 
555 

43 
666 

71 

467 

1.285 

29 

25 

41 
212 

46 
930 

95 

71 
173 
177 
137 
141 
136 

37 

2,490 

242 
69 
263 
202 
436 
166 
519 



34 



114 
20 
204 



4,602 

1.122 

895 

1,850 

31 
20 



467 
20 
172 
627 



114 
28 

718 
57 
27 

209 

128 



1,322 

108 



67 
244 

80 
355 



27 
125 



3,974 

415 

1.024 

1,906 

24 



677 
25 

331 
33 

163 

439 



946 

79 
22 
41 
59 
249 
157 
186 



20 
153 
26 



16 

7,568 

632 

1,245 

4,427 

68 

32 

95 

26 

1,252 

30 

587 

61 

344 

1.523 



45 
236 



1,259 



321 
213 
159 
201 

174 



61 
117 

91 
293 
186 
681 
5 
435 

24 



14,783 

383 
3.995 
8,632 

96 
17 
128 
16 

3.330 
69 

1,344 
111 

1,116 

1.957 
60 
41 
74 



1,771 

117 
71 
710 
390 
265 
152 



2,368 

141 

39 

60 

114 

501 

373 

771 

13 

264 

62 

26 



23 

34,776 

413 

18.776 

12,344 

54 

18 

119 

12 

6.242 

55 

1.946 

64 

2,135 

1,364 

41 

35 

43 

193 

23 

3,238 

84 

100 

1,314 

725 

754 

192 



2,987 

72 
43 
77 
100 
796 
583 
753 



3,658 



2,101 
1,306 



138 
21 

478 
20 

232 

373 



493 

79 
263 



27 

26,070 

728 

5,898 

15,004 

135 

30 

308 

40 

4,022 

95 

3.487 

223 

3.224 

2,673 

98 

80 

129 

392 

68 

4,433 

188 

125 

2.400 

813 

445 

313 

149 



3,761 

157 
169 
251 
208 
764 
416 
1,022 
23 
576 
87 
80 



Includes homemakers, students, unemployed or retired persons, and others not reporting or with an unknown occupation. 
Represents zero. 



41 



TABLES 21-22 



LEGALIZATION APPLICATIONS 



TABLE 21. LEGALIZATION APPLICANTS BY TYPE OF APPLICATION AND REGION AND 

SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 

FISCAL YEAR 1987 



Region and country of citizenship 



Legalization applicants 



Entered 
illegally prior 
to 1/1/82 



Overstayed 

nonirDmi- 

grant visa 

prior to 

1/1/82 



SAW applicants 



Group I 
seasonal 
agricultural 
worker in 

1983-86 



Group II 
seasonal 

agricultural 
worker in 
1985-86 



All countries 

Eurcne 

Poland 

United Kingdom 

Ottier Europe 

Asia 

Bangladesh 

China, Mainland 

Hong Kong 

India 

Iran 

Iraq 

Israel 

Korea 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Taiwan 

Thailand 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Egypt 

Ethiopia 

Ghana 

Liberia 

Nigeria 

Other Africa 

Oceania 

Tonga 

Other Oceania 

North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Bahamas The 

Dominican Republic 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

Trinidad & Tobago 

Other Caribbean 
Central America ... 

Belize .. 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 



South America 

Argentina 
Bolivia .. 
Brazil .... 

Chile 

Colombia 
Ecuador 
Guyana 

Peru 

Other South Amenca 

Stateless or Unknown 



13,798 

6,938 
3,102 
3,758 

43,121 

1,192 
4,619 
1,224 
5,246 
5,269 
704 
799 
2,618 
3,584 
9,828 
1,811 
2,438 
3,789 

9,074 

757 
1,142 
1,473 

848 
2,759 
2,095 

1,293 

742 
551 

700,551 

4,481 

566,575 

43,046 

814 

2,185 

30,854 

5,594 

958 

2,641 

86,449 

1,762 

1,042 

54,132 

17,945 

3,482 

7,438 

648 

22,330 

1,976 
1,093 
717 
1,906 
6,973 
3,279 
1,359 
3,717 
1,310 

113 



648,754 

13,505 

6,912 
3,058 
3,535 

37,306 

500 
4,574 
1,216 
2,219 
5,255 
702 
778 
2,386 
2,193 
9,598 
1,788 
2,433 
3,664 

8,566 

731 
1,140 
1,348 

831 
2,694 
1,822 

1,243 

704 
539 

566,577 

4,369 

460,715 

18,018 

743 

2,002 

7,370 

4,466 

915 

2,522 

83,475 

1,746 

1,017 

52,430 

17,060 

3,232 

7,348 

642 

21,449 

1,948 
1,076 
433 
1,885 
6,719 
3,245 
1,262 
3,610 
1,271 

108 



505,541 

1,011 

201 
296 
514 

4,697 

149 

1,340 

258 

536 

298 

76 

41 

178 

288 

861 

212 

100 

360 



159 
29 
203 
140 

76 

40 
36 

490,739 

1,938 

415,938 

5,529 

135 

1,131 

2,601 

1,095 

124 

443 

67,334 

790 

216 

47,937 

13,617 

2,152 

2,506 

116 

8,330 

290 

197 
37 

392 
3,745 
1,605 

530 
1,264 

270 

55 



133,601 

12,339 

6,631 
2,735 
2,973 

32,166 

340 
3,193 

945 
1.654 
4,890 

619 

711 
2,180 
1,866 
8,641 
1.561 
2,312 
3,254 

7,817 

671 
1,070 
1,170 

792 
2,447 
1,667 

1,160 

659 
501 

67,406 

2,333 

38,033 

11,983 

584 

819 

4,519 

3,259 

770 

2,032 

15,057 

942 

783 

3,841 

3,224 

1,022 

4,729 

516 

12,665 

1,632 

861 

390 

1,441 

2,821 

1,577 

711 

2,267 

965 

48 



9,612 



116 

13 



8,432 

98 
6,744 
506 
24 
52 
250 
112 



1,084 



652 
219 

58 
113 

10 



141,526 



293 

26 



5,815 

692 

45 



21 
232 
1,391 
230 
23 
5 
125 

508 

26 

2 

125 

17 



12 

133,974 

112 

105,860 

25,028 

71 

183 

23,484 

1,128 

43 

119 

2,974 

16 

25 

1,702 

885 

250 

90 



881 

28 



254 
34 



25,030 



192 
3 



24,556 

11 

22,673 

1,422 

7 

22 

1,307 

79 

7 
450 

2 

1 

292 

113 

30 



114,251 



259 

22 



5,429 

667 



224 
1,314 
193 
22 
5 
116 

469 

25 



107,273 

99 

82.466 

22,206 

63 

152 

20,828 

1,012 

41 

110 

2,502 



1,394 
769 
218 



Represents zero 



44 



TABLE 22. LEGALIZATION APPLICANTS BY TYPE OF APPLICATION AND SELECTED STATE AND 

METROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREA OF RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1987 



State and metropolitan statistical area' 
of residence 



Legalization applicants 



Entered 
illegally prior 
to 1/1/82 



Overstayed 
nonimmi- 
grant visa 
prior to 
1/1/82 



SAW applicants 



Group I 
seasonal 
agricultural 
worker in 

1983-86 



Group II 
seasonal 
agricultural 
worker in 
1985-86 



U.S. total 

States: 

Arizona 

California 

Colorado 

Florida 

Idafio 

Illinois 

New Jersey 

New Mexico 

Nevada 

New York 

Oklahoma 

Oregon 

Texas 

Virginia 

Washington 

Other states 

Metropolitan statistical areas: 

Anaheim-Santa Ana, CA 

Bakersfield. CA 

Chicago, IL 

Dallas, TX 

El Paso, TX 

Ft. Worth-Arlington, TX 

Fresno, CA 

Houston, TX 

Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA 

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX 

Miami-Hialeah, FL 

New York, NY 

Oakland, CA 

Oxnard-Ventura, CA 

Phoenix. AZ 

Riverside-San Bernardino, CA 

Salinas-Seaside-Monterey, CA 

San Antonio, TX 

San Diego, CA 

San Francisco, CA 

San Jose, CA 

Visalia-Tulare-Porterviile, CA 

Washington, DC-MD-VA 

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray 

Beach, FL 

Yakima, WA 

Other areas 



13,954 
433,496 

6,296 
56,058 

4,330 

42,650 
8,227 
9,296 
4,944 

37,653 

3,750 
6,422 
111,365 
3,550 
14,266 

34,023 



36,224 
8,077 
36.113 
16,178 
6,190 

6,998 

12,918 

32.303 

232,804 

6,774 

31,266 

33,602 

6.579 

7.945 

9.086 

25,214 
8,008 
6,122 

23,199 
9,460 

1 1 ,894 
6,787 
7,473 

5,601 
5,992 



10,225 
368,573 

4,576 
21,814 

1,631 

41,970 
7,846 
7,770 
4,621 

34,040 

3,405 
1.995 
104,661 
3,228 
5,506 

26,893 



34,261 

3,753 

35,866 

15,890 

5,357 

6,826 

6,529 

31,793 

230,276 

5,800 

12,925 
30,278 
5,522 
4,464 
7,001 

19,544 
3,380 
5,976 

16,758 
8,378 

10,094 
2.877 
7.027 

1,047 
2,064 



8,116 
317,152 
4,004 
8,413 
1,494 

31,203 
2,666 
7,202 
3,945 

11,416 

2,640 
1,726 
87,090 
1,352 
4,756 

12,366 



29,918 
3,474 
26,279 
13,544 
4,865 

6,005 

6,104 

25,990 

199,558 

3,372 

3,901 
9,660 
3,915 
3,946 
5,950 

17,073 
3,102 
4,414 

13,755 
5,595 

8,169 
2.676 
3,077 

515 

1,941 



133,601 



2,019 
46,807 

525 
12,836 

101 

10,379 

4,951 

456 

579 

21,933 

745 

253 

15,319 

1,829 

677 

14,192 



3,693 

258 

9,249 

1,996 

362 

640 
419 

5,007 
28,086 

2,332 

8,645 
20,001 

1,547 
446 
992 

2,065 
185 
1,505 
2,765 
2,707 

1,881 

199 

3.858 

509 
80 



388 
229 
112 



16 

2,252 

47 



3,729 
64,923 

1,720 
34,244 

2,699 

680 
381 

1.526 
323 

3.613 

345 
4.427 
6.704 

322 
8,760 

7,130 



650 


1,963 


21 


4,324 


338 


247 


350 


288 


130 


833 


181 


172 


6 


6,389 


796 


510 


2,632 


2,528 


96 


974 


379 


18,341 


617 


3,324 


60 


1,057 


72 


3,481 


59 


2,085 


406 


5,670 


93 


4,628 


57 


146 


238 


6,441 


76 


1,082 


44 


1,800 


2 


3,910 


92 


446 


23 


4,554 


43 


3,928 



25,030 



359 

15,350 

336 

2.585 

342 

245 
52 
463 
118 
181 

123 
895 

1,907 
31 

1,132 

911 



114,251 



3,359 
49,160 

1,377 
30,124 

2,329 

432 
324 

1,035 
198 

3,375 

220 
3,519 
4,742 

291 
7.581 

6,185 



720 


1,217 


865 


3,456 


73 


173 


76 


208 


349 


474 


39 


133 


1.020 


5,357 


195 


310 


851 


1,648 


189 


773 


1,082 


16,227 


133 


3,138 


356 


697 


955 


2,511 


261 


1,816 


968 


4,640 


1,698 


2.862 


29 


116 


1,403 


4,991 


404 


678 


445 


1,350 


575 


3,333 


63 


377 


384 


3,913 


633 


3,280 



Metropolitan statistical areas defined by the Office of Management and Budget, June 30, 1986. 
Represents zero. 



45 



TABLES 23-40 



REFUGEES 
ASYLEES 



TABLE 23. REFUGEE-STATUS APPLICATIONS 
FISCAL YEARS 1980-87 



Applications pending 
beginning of year 



Applications filed 


Applications approved 


Applications denied 


during year 


dunng year 


during year 


1 1 1 .883 


89,580 


6,149 


193.230 


155,291 


15,322 


94.769 


61,527 


14,943 


104.190 


73,645 


20,255 


107,437 


77,932 


16,220 


93,415 


59,436 


18,430 


81,017 


52,081 


9,679 


101,718 


61,529 


13,911 



Applications otherwise Applications pending 
I closed dunng year end of year 



1980 (April-September) 

1981 

1982 

1983 

1984 

1985 

1986 

1987 



16,642 
14.957 
18,619 
1 1 ,668 
7,801 
12,661 
13,707 
15,895 



1,197 
3,998 
6,631 
2,489 
604 
1,842 
3,362 
6,126 



14.957 
18,619 
11.668 
7,801 
12,681 
13,707 
15 895 
20,152 



NOTE: The Refugee Act of 1980 went into effect on Apnl 1, 1980, 



REFUGEE-STATUS APPLICATIONS BY GEOGRAPHIC AREA AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CHARGEABILITY 

FISCAL YEAR 1987 



Geographic area 
and country of 
chargeability 



Applications pending Applications filed Applications approved ' Applications denied Applications otherwise Applications pending 
beginning of year i during year : during year ' during year | closed during year end of year 



All countries 

Africa 

Angola 

Ethiopia 

Lesotho 

Namibia 

South Afnca 

Uganda 

Zaire 

Other Africa 

East Asia 

Cambodia 

Hong Kong 

Laos 

Vietnam 

Eastern Europe and 
U.S.S.R 

Albania 

Bulgaria 

Czechoslovakia 

Hungary 

Poland 

Romania 

U S.S.R 

Yugoslavia 

Latin America 

Chile 

Cuba 

Nicaragua 

Near East 

Afghanistan 

Iran 

Iraq 

Other Near East 



8,457 

51 

96 

1,051 

840 

4,437 

1,849 

86 

47 



6,081 

2,061 

3,815 

196 



268 

21,983 

7,756 

13,919 

296 

12 



4,395 


1,974 


892 


98 


41 


1 


3,858 


1,808 


868 


37 


4 


- 


42 


3 


- 


147 


70 


4 


63 


25 


- 


111 


12 


13 


39 


11 


6 


45,710 


37,082 


8,451 


1,800 


1,187 


604 


41 


15 


14 


22,440 


17,518 


4,913 


21,429 


18,362 


2,920 


29,278 


12,290 


2,305 


151 


48 


29 


312 


116 


14 


2,971 


1,060 


210 


2,968 


695 


335 


11,971 


3,568 


1,384 


6,101 


3,105 


310 


4,741 


3,695 


7 



30 

10,084 

3,221 

6,658 

203 



2 

43 

2,214 

959 

1,230 

25 



6,126 
176 

174 
1 



16 

1 
5 

10 

2,662 

42 

26 

350 

430 

1,345 

439 

11 

19 



189 

3,080 

1,991 

1,053 

36 



20,152 
1,353 



12,021 

32 
156 
1,351 
1,508 
5,674 
2,247 
1,028 

25 



6,605 

1,585 
4,978 



Represents zero. 



49 



TABLE 25. REFUGEE APPROVALS AND ADMISSIONS BY GEOGRAPHIC AREA OF CHARGEABILITY 

FISCAL YEARS 1980-87 



Geographic area of chargeability 



Authorized admissions 

Africa 

East Asia 

Eastern Europe & USSR. 
Latin America & Caribbean 

Near East 

Unallocated Reserve 

Approvals 

Africa 

East Asia , 

Eastern Europe & U.S.S.R. 
Latin America & Caribbean 

Near East , 

Unallocated Reserve 

Admissions' 

Afnca 

East Asia 

Eastern Europe & U.S.S.R. 
Latin America & Caribbean 

Near East 

Unknown 

Unallocated Reserve 



231,700 

1,500 
169.200 
38,000 
20,500 

2,500 



206,912 

1,174 

161,132 

33,960 

7,692 

2,954 



NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



217,000 

3,000 

165,600 

39,900 

4,000 

4,500 



155,291 

3,784 
124,719 
18,845 
1,210 
6,733 



140,000 

3,500 
96,000 
31,000 
3,000 
6,500 



61,527 

4,198 

37,481 

13,778 

580 

5,490 

X 

93,252 

3,259 

69,712 

13,438 

453 

6,350 

40 



90,000 

3,000 
64.000 
15,000 
2,000 
6.000 
X 

73,645 

2,642 

51,476 

13,382 

710 

5,435 



57,064 

2,382 

35,861 

12,986 

724 

5,110 

1 



72,000 

2.750 
52,000 
1 1 ,000 
1,000 
5,250 



77,932 

2,743 

58,697 

10,917 

156 

5,419 



67,750 

2,704 

49,154 

10,497 

152 

5,242 

1 



70,000 

3.000 
50.000 
10.000 
1.000 
6.000 



59,436 

1.943 
39.628 
9.999 
1.868 
5,998 
X 

62,477 

1,952 

44,972 

9.720 

159 

5.674 



67,000 

3.000 
45.500 
9.500 
3.000 
6,000 



52,081 

1,329 

35,193 

9,515 

47 

5,997 



58,329 

1,279 

41.673 

9.270 

48 

6.059 



70,000 

2.000 
40.500 
12.300 

1.000 
10.200 

4.000 

61,529 

1,974 

37.082 

12,290 

99 

10.084 



66,803 

2.068 
40,046 
12.450 

902 
10,619 

718 



Admissions may be higher than approvals because of the arrival of persons approved in previous years. 
- Represents zero. NA Not available, X Not applicable. 

NOTE: Beginning in 1987. refugee admission data were compiled through the Nonimmigrant Information System. Since the system collects all 
entries of persons with nonimmigrant status, initial arrivals of refugees may be overstated. 



REFUGEE ARRIVALS INTO THE UNITED STATES BY SELECTED NATIONALITY 
FISCAL YEARS 1982-87 



Nationality 



Ail nationalities 

Afghanistan 

Albania 

Bulgaria 

Cambodia 

China ' 

Cuba 

Czechoslovakia 

E! Salvador 

Ethiopia 

Hungary 

Iran 

Iraq 

Laos 

Nicaragua 

Poland 

Romania 

South Africa 

U.S.S.R 

Vietnam 

Yugoslavia 

Other 



117 

19,832 

21 

453 
697 

3,050 
534 



1,986 
9,215 



2,747 
40,604 



158 

11.161 

155 

723 
1.191 

2,275 
651 

1,017 
1,577 
2,631 



1,363 
21,463 



67,750 

2,231 

45 

137 

17,785 

210 

81 



2,347 
519 

2,812 

152 

7,423 



803 
23.372 



122 
16,647 



158 
959 

1,773 
545 

3.292 

244 

4,724 



643 
22,831 



58.329 

2,478 

78 

148 

9.133 

39 



1,248 
635 

3.246 

311 

11.130 



744 
20.821 



452 



110 

1,772 

416 

314 

373 

74 

1,858 

690 

7.075 

186 

15,508 

486 

3,734 

3,203 

69 

3,652 

22,320 

578 

1,095 



Data for Mainland China and Taiwan are included in China. 
- Represents zero, 

NOTE: Data for fiscal years 1980-81 are not available. Beginning in 1987, refugee admission data were compiled through the Nonimmigrant 
Information System, Since the system collects all entnes of persons with nonimmigrant status, initial arrivals of refugees may be overstated. 



50 



TABLE 27. REFUGEES GRANTED LAWFUL PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUS IN FISCAL YEAR 1987 
BY CALENDAR YEAR OF ENTRY AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 



Region and country 
of birth 


Total 


1986 


1985 


1984 


1983 


1982 


1981 


1980 


Before 
1980 


Unknown 
or not re- 
ported 


All countries 


91,474 


15,090 
2,719 


26,758 
3,890 


8,311 
823 


2,654 
264 


1,567 
166 


1,882 
106 


30,187 
139 


1,704 
123 


3,321 
807 


Europe 


9,037 


Bulgana 


102 


51 


42 


2 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1 


6 


Czechoslovakia 


1.027 


459 


398 


78 


32 


6 


5 


7 


2 


40 


Germany Federal Rep 


69 


18 


33 


8 


_ 


3 


- 


- 


- 


7 


Hungary 


540 


187 


237 


52 


14 


10 


1 


4 


2 


33 


Poland 


3,019 


958 


1.166 


352 


99 


88 


19 


11 


5 


321 


Romania 


2,876 


725 


1,586 


253 


74 


23 


17 


12 


2 


184 


Spam 


45 


- 


3 


4 


1 


- 


2 


27 


6 


2 


USSR 


1,171 


263 


365 


54 


32 


31 


57 


72 


99 


198 


Other Europe 


188 


58 


60 


20 


12 


5 


5 


6 


6 


16 


Asia 


49,237 


11,945 


21,871 


7,238 


2,220 


1,315 


1,141 


928 


444 


2,135 


Afghanistan 


2,019 


802 


849 


136 


54 


27 


5 


4 


- 


142 


Cambodia 


12,205 


1,228 


5,532 


2,941 


1,071 


351 


386 


123 


80 


493 


China Mainland 


497 


169 


281 


21 


4 


1 


2 


5 


2 


12 


Hong Kong 


102 


38 


39 


9 


2 


3 


2 


2 


- 


7 


Indonesia 


138 


32 


66 


21 


3 


11 


- 


2 


- 


3 


Iran 


2,514 


826 


1,421 


111 


31 


1 


3 


3 


4 


114 


Iraq 


266 


93 


123 


9 


8 


12 


9 


1 


4 


7 


Laos 


6,559 


2,293 


1,473 


1,065 


242 


294 


273 


475 


166 


278 


Malaysia 


67 


23 


27 


11 


1 


1 


1 


1 


- 


2 


Philippines 


367 


72 


165 


80 


24 


13 


5 


- 


- 


8 


Thailand 


3,745 


588 


1,800 


768 


199 


86 


52 


58 


30 


164 


Vietnam 


20,596 


5,738 


10.030 


2,047 


581 


512 


401 


244 


154 


889 


Other Asia 


162 


43 


65 


19 


- 


3 


2 


10 


4 


16 


Africa 


1,483 


334 


819 


173 


59 


14 


29 


3 


4 


48 


Ethiopia 


1,292 


310 


710 


150 


46 


13 


21 


2 


2 


38 


Sudan 


83 


10 


57 


10 


3 


1 


1 


- 


- 


1 


Other Africa 


108 


14 


52 


13 


10 


- 


7 


1 


2 


9 


Oceania 


3 


1 


1 


1 




- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


North America 


31,569 


89 


169 


69 


105 


65 


599 


29,040 


1,112 


321 


Caribbean 


31,438 


84 


157 


65 


88 


60 


591 


28,979 


1,105 


309 


Cuba 


26,927 


48 


152 


62 


82 


46 


59 


25,711 


488 


279 


Haiti 


4,419 


36 


1 


1 


4 


14 


530 


3,215 


588 


30 


Other Caribbean 


92 


- 


4 


2 


2 


- 


2 


53 


29 


- 


Central America 


94 


3 


3 


4 


16 


5 


5 


45 


6 


7 


Other North America 


37 
143 


2 
2 


9 

7 


6 


1 
6 


7 


3 
7 


16 
77 


1 
21 


5 


South America 


10 


Unknown or not reported 


2 




1 


1 















Represents zero. 



51 



TABLE 28. REFUGEES GRANTED LAWFUL PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUS BY 

SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH, AGE, AND SEX 

FISCAL YEAR 1987 



Age and sex 



Afghanistan 



China, 
Mainland 



Czecho- 
slovakia 



Ethiopia 



Total 

Under 5 years 

5-9 years 

10-14 years 

15-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70 years and over . 



Male 

Under 5 years 

5-9 years 

10-14 years 

15-19 years 

0-24 years 

5-29 years 

0-34 years 

5-39 years 

0-44 years 

5-49 years 

0-54 years 

5-59 years 

0-64 years 

65-69 years 

70 years and over . 



20-; 



30-; 



40-' 



55-! 



Female 

Under 5 years 

5-9 years 

0-14 years 

5-19 years 

0-24 years 

5-29 years 

0-34 years 

5-39 years 

0-44 years 

5-49 years 

0-54 years 

5-59 years 

0-64 years 

65-69 years 

70 years and over . 



10- 



25-; 



35-; 



45-' 



55-! 



Percent distribution . 

Male 

Female 



Median age 

Male 

Female 



91,474 

4,000 
6,982 
6,954 

10,789 
9,990 
9,988 

10,576 
8,912 
6,813 
4,936 
3,454 
2,597 
1,896 
1,555 
2,032 

50,967 

2,020 
3,656 
3,828 
6,130 
5,571 
5,540 
6,168 
5,180 
4.012 
2,898 
1,975 
1,409 
947 
736 
897 

40,507 

1,980 
3,326 
3,126 
4,659 
4,419 
4,448 
4,408 
3,732 
2,801 
2,038 
1,479 
1,188 
949 
819 
1,135 

100.0 

55.7 
44.3 

28.6 

28.9 
28.1 



2,019 

85 
223 
197 
244 
320 
258 
165 
108 



953 

43 
108 



142 
119 



100.0 

52.8 
47.2 

23.9 

23.2 
24.9 



12,205 

144 

1,029 

1.437 

2,040 

1,602 

1,328 

1,199 

844 

707 

615 

446 

290 

225 

145 

154 

5,807 



115 


520 


107 


737 


150 


1,056 


178 


780 


139 


566 


94 


554 


61 


361 


45 


289 


29 


293 


27 


221 


16 


132 



509 
700 
984 
822 
762 
645 
483 
418 
322 
225 
158 
133 
80 



100.0 

47.6 
52.4 

24.5 

23.1 
25.7 



100.0 

52.5 

47.5 

63.3 

62.3 
64.8 



26,927 



4 


244 


- 


608 


1 


2.516 


3 


2,225 


- 


2,326 


1 


3,341 


5 


3,738 


8 


3,310 


22 


2,454 


50 


1,681 


104 


1,392 


78 


1,048 


96 


871 


122 


1,170 


261 


15,446 


1 


2 


2 


116 


- 


336 


1 


1.292 


3 


1,024 


- 


1.229 


1 


2,052 


4 


2,385 


5 


2,120 


13 


1,564 


24 


1,018 


54 


790 


49 


569 


48 


423 


56 


526 



11,481 

1 

128 

272 

1,224 

1,201 

1,097 

1,289 

1,353 

1,190 

890 

663 

602 

479 

448 

644 

100.0 

57.4 
42.6 

37.9 

38.5 
37.0 



120 
106 
38 
127 



73 
101 
99 



100.0 

58.5 
41.5 

27.9 

28.5 
26.6 



1,292 

19 
63 



373 
409 
213 

61 



29 
217 
301 
182 



100.0 

67.6 
32.4 

25.9 

27.0 
23.9 



74 

41 

142 

721 

1,192 

892 

567 

376 

210 

95 

46 

17 



428 
789 

559 
365 
245 
138 



30 


25 


156 


68 


108 


293 


31 


403 


11 


333 


7 


202 


- 


131 



100.0 

63.1 
36.9 

35.1 

35.3 
34.8 



52 



REFUGEES GRANTED LAWFUL PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUS BY 
SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH, AGE, AND SEX 
FISCAL YEAR 1987— Continued 



Age and sex 



Laos Philippines 



Tola! 

Under 5 years 

5-9 years 

0-14 years 

5-19 years 

0-24 years 

5-29 years 

D-34 years 

5-39 years , 

0-44 years , 

5-49 years , 

0-54 years , 

5-59 years , 

0-64 years , 

-5-69 years , 

70 years and over .. 

Male 

Under 5 years 

5-9 years 

0-14 years 

5-19 years 

0-24 years 

5-29 years 

0-34 years 

5-39 years 

0-44 years 

5-49 years 

0-54 years 

5-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70 years and over ... 

Female 

Under 5 years 

5-9 years 

10-14 years 

15-19 years 

20-24 years 

5-29 years 

0-34 years 

5-39 years 

0-44 years 

5-49 years 

0-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70 years and over ... 

Percent distribution 

Male 

Female 



10-- 
15- 
20-; 
25-; 
30-: 

35-: 

40- 
45-' 
50-1 
55-1 
60-( 
65-( 



25-: 

30-: 
35-: 
40- 
45- 
50-i 



Median age . 

Male 

Female 



,514 


6,559 


105 


119 


205 


744 


151 


994 


261 


1.027 


443 


874 


404 


752 


310 


580 


201 


392 


152 1 


293 


75 


218 


67 


179 


56 


133 


37 ' 


82 



100.0 

59.8 
40.2 

26.1 

25.7 
26.8 



410 
512 



166 


546 


310 


477 


267 


412 


180 


321 


100 


209 


85 


150 


40 


127 


37 


104 


26 


67 


22 


32 


12 


44 


20 


26 


010 


3,068 


58 


65 


89 


334 


75 


482 


95 


481 


133 


397 


137 


340 


130 


259 


101 


183 


67 


143 


35 


91 


30 


75 


30 


66 


15 


50 



100.0 

53.2 
46.8 

22.3 

22.4 
22.2 



367 

338 



183 

170 



100.0 

49.9 
50.1 



284 
217 
117 
200 
669 
703 
424 
197 
89 



138 
115 
67 
118 
420 
434 
273 
129 



100.0 

60.0 
40.0 

29.8 

30.3 
28.9 



2,876 

136 
306 
294 
238 
201 
323 
415 
366 
216 
156 
75 
58 
29 



1,610 

69 
141 
159 
128 
125 
207 
247 
211 
117 



2 


12 


1 


3 


11 


- 


6 


19 


2 


,207 


1,266 


1,849 


33 


67 


979 


146 


165 


829 


102 


135 


21 


50 


110 


2 


82 


76 


4 


249 


116 


3 


269 


168 


1 


151 


155 


3 


66 


99 


2 



100.0 

56.0 
44.0 

29.2 

29.5 
28.6 



3,745 

1,945 
1,715 



1,896 

966 

886 

31 



100.0 

50.6 
49.4 



73 
165 



537 

12 



49 
103 

100.0 

45.9 
54.1 

38.7 

36.2 
41.1 



20,596 

452 

1,698 

2,535 

4,011 

3,188 

2,262 

1,902 

1,476 

972 

714 

536 

333 

210 

120 

187 

11,822 

239 

924 

1,512 

2,547 

2,014 

1,266 

994 

754 

530 

355 

284 

174 

97 

60 

72 

8,774 

213 

774 

1,023 

1,464 

1,174 

996 

908 

722 

442 

359 

252 

159 

113 



100.0 

57.4 
42.6 

22.2 

21.5 
23.6 



1,701 

528 
194 
112 
98 
124 
160 
149 



914 

290 
118 



787 

238 
76 
60 
45 



100.0 

53.7 
46.3 

15.8 

14.6 
17.3 



Represents zero. 



53 



TABLE 29. REFUGEES GRANTED LAWFUL PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUS BY 

SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH AND STATE OF RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1987 



State of residence 



Afghanistan Cambodia 



China, 
Mainland 



Czecho- 
slovakia 



Ethiopia 



Hungary 



Total 

Alabama 

Alaska 

Anzona 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut 

Delaware 

Distnct of Columbia 

Florida 

Georgia 

Hawaii 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Kentucky 

Louisiana 

Maine 

Maryland 

Massachusetts 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi 

Missouri 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire 

New Jersey 

New Mexico 

New York 

North Carolina 

North Dakota 

Ohio 

Oklahoma 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania 

Rhode Island 

South Carolina 

South Dakota 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah 

Vermont 

Virginia 

Washington 

West Virginia 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming 

U.S. possessions 

Guam 

Puerto Rico 

Virgin Islands 



91,474 

234 
41 
595 
142 

21,279 
809 
979 
26 
124 

27,692 

1,489 
166 
131 

2,714 
195 
489 
209 
250 
853 
242 

1,110 

3,477 

1,037 

2,547 

174 

549 

20 

110 

261 

151 

1,089 

95 

6,743 

374 

50 

634 

354 

881 



2,019 



885 
61 
10 



1,809 


23 


576 


- 


75 


_ 


97 


7 


604 


26 


4,224 


73 


404 


3 


76 


- 


1,731 


276 


2,787 


23 


12 


- 


666 


15 


6 


5 



12,205 

33 

2 

33 

2 

3,834 

123 

208 



429 
16 
4 

347 
21 

111 
17 
51 
43 
88 

136 

1,315 

43 

671 

3 

63 

10 
22 



578 
110 

13 
172 

53 
149 
593 
347 

18 

12 

164 

646 

123 

8 

248 

1,053 



6 
547 
20 



30 
22,991 



217 

7 



125 
3 



7 

267 

3 



317 
50 



17 


16 


157 


3 


- 


- 


30 


98 


864 


2 


7 


- 


14 


- 


- 


10 


7 


- 


17 


18 





54 



TABLE 29. REFUGEES GRANTED LAWFUL PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUS BY 

SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH AND STATE OF RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1987— Continued 



State of residence 



Total . 



Alabama 

Alaska 

Arizona 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut 

Delaware 

Distnct of Columbia 

Florida 

Georgia 

Hawaii 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Kentucky 

Louisiana 

Maine 



Maryland 

Massachusetts ... 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi 

Missouri 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire . 



New Jersey 

New Mexico .... 

New York 

North Carolina 
North Dakota ... 

Ohio 

Oklahoma 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania .... 
Rhode Island ... 



South Carolina . 
South Dakota ... 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah 

Vermont 

Virginia 

Washington 

West Virginia .... 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming 



U.S. possessions 

Guam 

Puerto Rico 
Virgin Islands 



Iran 



2.514 



1,297 

29 

5 



119 
50 



167 
15 



Laos Philippines 



6,559 

29 

1 

16 

82 

2,167 

89 

130 

2 
148 

146 
22 



29 

113 
55 

38 
26 



151 
472 
31 
3 
139 
254 



367 
2 
2 

162 



Poland 



473 
25 



18 
34 
118 
18 
6 
21 
72 



Represents zero 



Romania Thailand 



479 
5 



119 

3 



3 
1,344 



2 
50 

93 
2 

3 

102 

3 

34 



39 
306 

19 
336 



U.S.S.R. 



149 
86 

3 

2 

62 

146 

20 

2 

43 

314 



- 


137 


- 


5 


3 


296 


- 


29 


208 


8,379 


6 


284 


16 


170 



2 
25 
530 



22 
472 

58 
163 
141 
146 
490 

17 

306 
975 
202 
449 
155 
196 



17 

160 

34 

1,022 

110 

2 

135 

203 

378 

533 

25 



26 



416 
23 



5 
126 

5 



29 
39 
144 



108 


14 


1,865 


79 


133 


2 


3 


1 


697 


23 


718 


27 


5 


- 



55 



TABLE 30. ASYLUM CASES FILED WITH INS DISTRICT DIRECTORS 
FISCAL YEARS 1973-87 



Year 


Cases received 


Cases completed 


Cases approved 


Cases denied 


Cases adjudicated 


Percent approved 


1973 


1,913 

2.716 

2.432 

2,733 

896 

2,529 

3,702 

5,801 

26.512 

61.568 

33.296 

26,091 

24,295 

16,622 

18,889 

26,107 


1,510 

2,769 

1,664 

1,914 

370 

1,939 

2,312 

2,312 

2,000 

4,521 

11,326 

25,447 

54,320 

28,528 

45,792 

44,785 


380 

294 

562 

590 

97 

754 

1,218 

1,227 

1,104 

1,175 

3,909 

7,215 

8,278 

4,585 

3,359 

4,062 


1,130 
2,475 
1,102 
1,324 
273 
1,185 
1,094 
1,085 
896 
3,346 
7,255 
16,811 
32,344 
14,172 
7,882 
3,454 


1,510 
2,769 
1,664 
1,914 
370 
1,939 
2.312 
2,312 
2.000 
4,521 
11,164 
24,026 
40,622 
18,757 
11,241 
7,516 


25.2 


1974 


10.6 


1975 


33.8 


1976 


30.8 


1976 TO 


26.2 


1977 


38.9 


1978 


52 7 


1979 


53.1 


1980 


55 2 


1981 


260 


1982 


35 


1983 


30.0 


1984 


20.4 


1985 


24.4 


1986 


29.9 


1987 


54 







NOTE: The Refugee Act of 1980 went into effect on Apnl 1, 1980. Data for fiscal years 1982 and 1983 have been estimated due to changes in 
the reporting procedures dunng those two penods. Cases completed cover approvals, denials, and cases otherwise closed. Cases othenwise closed 
are those in which the applicant withdrew the case from consideration, never acknowledged a request for an interview with the INS, or died. Cases 
adjudicated cover approvals and denials 
See Glossary for fiscal year definitions. 



NUMBER OF INDIVIDUALS GRANTED ASYLUM BY INS DISTRICT DIRECTORS BY SELECTED NATIONALITY 
FISCAL YEARS 1984-87 



Nationality 


1984 


1985 


1986 


1987 


All nationalities 


1 1 ,627 

268 

16 

18 

51 

503 

361 

82 

7,442 

17 

1,153 

953 
192 
36 
70 

465 


6,514 

92 
74 
65 
47 
129 

210 

65 

4.087 

88 

557 

549 
113 
41 
35 

362 


4,284 

91 
22 
17 
39 
90 

217 
26 

1,568 
55 

1.284 

456 
152 
57 
44 

166 


5,093 
24 




27 


Cuba 


73 




13 




39 


Ethiopia 

Hungary 

Iran 


205 

14 

1,346 

115 




2,213 




558 




137 




67 


US.S.R 


33 


Other 


229 







56 



TABLE 32. ASYLUM CASES FILED WITH INS DISTRICT DIRECTORS BY SELECTED NATIONALITY 

FISCAL YEAR 1987 



Applications 

pending beginning 

of year 



Applications 

received dunng 

year 



Applications 

granted dunng 

year 



Individuals granted 
asylum during year 



Applications 
denied during year 



Applications 

othenwise closed 

dunng year 



Applications 

pending end of 

year 



All nationalities . 

Afghanistan 

Bangladeshi 

Bulgaria 

Chile 

China, (vlainland 

Colombia 

Cuba 

Czechoslovakia 

Egypt 

El Salvador 

Ethiopia 

Ghana 

Guatemala 

Haiti 

Honduras 

Hungary 

India 

Iran 

Iraq 

Jordan 

Lebanon 

Liberia 

Libya 

Mexico 

Nicaragua 

Pakistan 

Peru 

Philippines 

Poland 

Romania 

Sierra Leone .... 

Somalia 

South Afnca 

Sn Lanka 

Syria 

U S.S.R 

Uganda 

Venezuela 

Vietnam 

Yugoslavia 

Other 



5 
89,606 



245 


640 


2,042 


75 


128 


134 


69 


116 



118 
20 



43 

346 

83 



12 

168 
32 

109 
42 
13,377 
64 
38 
94 
1,284 

339 



5 

1,867 



447 
126 



115 

9 

2,213 



558 
137 



184 

9 

178 



468 

10 



357 
26 
12 



7 
1,519 



102 
9 



28 
2.393 



611 
868 
172 
74 
33 
786 



151 
18 
55 
35 
13,560 
70 
33 
60 
543 
175 

16 



9 


30 


10 


23 


2 


16 


6 


7 



- Represents zero. 

NOTE: Cuban asylum applicants »^ho have adjusted to lawful permanent resident status under the Cuban Refugee Adjustment Act of 1966 appear 
as cases otherwise closed in asylum data. 



57 



TABLE 33. ASYLUM CASES FILED WITH INS DISTRICT DIRECTORS BY INS REGION AND DISTRICT OFFICE 

FISCAL YEAR 1987 



Region and district office 



Applications 

pending beginning 

of year 



Applications 

received during 

year 



Applications 

granted during 

year 



Individuals granted ; Applications 
asylum during year denied during year 



Applications 

otherwise closed 

during year 



All districts 

Eastern Region 

Baltimore. MD 

Boston. MA 

Buffalo, NY 

Newark. NJ 

New York. NY 

Philadelphia. PA ... 

Portland. ME 

San Juan, PR 

Washington, DC ... 

Southern Region .... 

Atlanta, GA 

Dallas. TX 

El Paso, TX 

Harlingen, TX 

Houston, TX 

Miami, FL 

New Orleans, LA .. 
San Antonio, TX ... 

Northern Region 

Anchorage, AK 

Chicago, IL 

Cleveland, OH 

Denver, CO 

Detroit, Ml 

Helena, MT 

Kansas City, MO .. 

Omaha, NE 

Portland, OR 

St. Paul. MN 

Seattle, WA 

Western Region 

Honolulu, HI 

Los Angeles, CA .. 

Phoenix, AZ 

San Diego, CA 

San Francisco, CA 



99,406 

10,818 
223 
256 
144 
9,034 
790 
58 



299 

83,089 
224 
193 
105 

62 

82,444 

43 

18 

4,111 



31 
534 

e 

372 
3 

120 
12 
33 

1,390 

7 
638 
244 
119 
382 



4,068 

375 

328 

81 

351 

1,866 

67 

8 

12 

980 

12,600 

254 
325 



434 

11,171 

293 

64 

1,556 

17 
1.004 
126 
67 
100 
3 



7,883 

17 

6,608 

138 

306 

814 



823 

141 



1,814 

58 



109 

1,435 

110 

29 

525 

11 
337 
24 



623 
67 
36 



1,037 

177 
128 
26 
65 
432 
34 
3 



2,029 



152 

1,435 

203 



944 
82 



1,182 

130 
134 
18 
135 
205 



108 
251 
102 



397 
35 
32 



7 
20 

8 
24 

1,061 



37,269 
10,844 



9,083 
1.417 
3 
2 
2 
20 

23,175 

226 
55 
124 

99 



2,821 
45 



80,730 

2,037 

276 
120 
152 
109 
696 

85 
3 

15 
581 

70,051 

140 

289 

23 

1 

180 

69,290 

104 

24 

1,582 



31 
554 

367 
8 

118 
8 
27 

7,060 

13 

5.824 

233 

252 

738 



- Represents zero. 



58 



TABLE 34. ASYLEES GRANTED LAWFUL PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUS BY 

SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH, AGE, AND SEX 

FISCAL YEAR 1987 



Age and sex 


All countries 


Afghanistan 


El Salvador 


Ethiopia 


Iran 


Nicaragua 


Poland 


Other 


Tot 


il 


5,000 


122 


150 


133 


3,045 


536 


338 


676 




Under 5 years 


37 






] 


25 
146 






9 
45 


5-9 years 


296 


11 


24 


1 


44 


25 


10 


-14 years 


374 


13 


19 


6 


185 


73 


23 


55 


15 


-19 years 


430 


8 


14 


1 


274 


73 


13 


47 


20 


-24 years 


581 


12 


12 


22 


413 


53 


16 


53 


25 


-29 years 


728 


20 


9 


34 


502 


55 


41 


67 


30 


-34 years 


670 


18 


20 


34 


376 


48 


87 


87 


35 


-39 years 


529 


18 


14 


17 


282 


59 


65 


74 


40 


-44 years 


364 


8 


10 


9 


202 


38 


25 


72 


45 


-49 years 


276 


- 


11 


5 


160 


28 


21 


51 


50 


54 years 


223 


7 


8 


- 


150 


26 


6 


26 


55 


59 years 


142 


2 


5 


1 


93 


15 


6 


20 


60 


64 years 


138 


1 


1 


1 


100 


9 


4 


22 


65-69 years 


91 


1 


3 


1 


59 


5 


2 


20 


70 years and over 


121 


3 


- 


- 


78 


9 


3 


28 


Male 


2,682 


67 


76 


75 


1,646 


271 


194 


353 


Under 5 years 


22 


- 


- 


1 


14 


1 


1 


5 


5- 


9 years 


145 


5 


11 


- 


79 


22 


12 


16 


10 


14 years 


203 


7 


10 


3 


102 


42 


11 


28 


15 


1 9 years 


216 


4 


8 


1 


130 


40 


7 


26 


20 


24 years 


336 


7 


5 


12 


251 


26 


8 


27 


25 


29 years 


408 


7 


3 


19 


301 


25 


23 


30 


30 


34 years 


364 


12 


10 


14 


219 


16 


46 


47 


35 


39 years 


287 


13 


9 


12 


136 


32 


42 


43 


40 


44 years 


197 


8 


6 


8 


93 


20 


17 


45 


45 


49 years 


137 


- 


6 


4 


72 


10 


16 


29 


50 


54 years 


111 


2 


5 


- 


71 


16 


3 


14 


55 


59 years 


72 


1 


3 


- 


47 


6 


3 


12 


60 


64 years 


74 


- 


- 


- 


56 


7 


2 


9 


65 


69 years 


48 


1 


- 


1 


34 


2 


1 


9 


70 years and over 


62 


- 


- 


- 


41 


6 


2 


13 


Female 


2,318 


55 


74 


58 


1,399 


265 


144 


323 


Under 5 years 


15 


- 


- 


_ 


11 


. 




4 


5-9 years 


151 


6 


13 


1 


67 


22 


13 


29 


10-14 years 


171 


6 


9 


3 


83 


31 


12 


27 


15-19 years 


214 


4 


6 


- 


144 


33 


6 


21 


20-24 years 


245 


5 


7 


10 


162 


27 


8 


26 


25-29 years 


320 


13 


6 


15 


201 


30 


18 


37 


30-34 years 


306 


6 


10 


20 


157 


32 


41 


40 


35-39 years 


242 


5 


5 


5 


146 


27 


23 


31 


40-44 years 


167 


- 


4 


1 


109 


18 


8 


27 


45-49 years 


139 


- 


5 


1 


88 


18 


5 


22 


50-54 years 


112 


5 


3 


- 


79 


10 


3 


12 


55-59 years 


70 


1 


2 


1 


46 


9 


3 


8 


60-64 years 


64 


1 


1 


1 


44 


2 


2 


13 


65-69 years 


43 


- 


3 


_ 


25 


3 


1 


11 


70 years and over 


59 


3 


- 


- 


37 


3 


1 


15 


Percent distribution 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


Male ... 


53.6 


54.9 


50.7 


56.4 


54.1 


50.6 


57.4 


52.2 


Female 


46.4 


45.1 


49.3 


43.6 


45.9 


49.4 


42.6 


47.8 


Median age 


30.4 


29.1 


28.8 


30.2 


29.7 


27.4 


33.4 


33.5 


Male ... 


30.2 


31.2 


30.7 


30.4 


28.8 


26.1 


34.3 


34.7 


Female 


30.7 


27.4 


28.0 


30.0 


30.9 


28.8 


32.1 


31.8 



Represents zero. 



59 



TABLE 35. ASYLEES GRANTED LAWFUL PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUS BY 

SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH AND STATE OF RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1987 



Slate of residence 



Afghanistan i El Salvador Ethiopia 



Iran 



Nicaragua 



Total . 



Alabama 

Alasl<a 

Anzona 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut 

Delaware 

District of Columbia 
Florida 



Illinois 

Indiana .... 

Iowa , 

Kansas 

Kentucky 
Louisiana 



Maryland 

Massachusetts ... 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Missouri 

Nebraska 

New Hampshire . 



New Jersey 

New Mexico .... 

New York 

North Carolina 
North Dakota .. 

Ohio 

Oklahoma 

Oregon , 

Pennsylvania .... 



South Carolina . 
South Dakota ... 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah 

Virginia 

Washington 

West Virginia .... 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming 



25 

421 



3,045 

3 

27 
8 

2,060 
15 
16 

8 
35 



55 

3 

259 



9 

135 

2 



Represents zero. 



60 



TABLE 36. ASYLEES GRANTED LAWFUL PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUS IN FISCAL YEAR 1987 BY 
CALENDAR YEAR OF ENTRY AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 



Region and country 
of birth 



Before 
1980 



Unknown or 
not re- 
ported 



All countries 

Europe 

Bulgaria 

Czechoslovakia 

Hungary 

Poland 

Romania 

USSR 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

Afghanistan 

China. Mainland 

Iran 

Iraq 

Lebanon 

Philippines 

Syna 

Vietnam 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Ethiopia 

Libya 

Somalia 

Uganda 

Other Africa 

North America 

Caribbean 

Cuba 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

El Salvador 

Nicaragua 

Other Central America 
Other North America .... 

South America 



5,000 

648 

15 
48 
49 
338 
83 



30 

3,365 

122 
43 
3JD45 
'44 
14 
19 
22 
21 



236 

133 
36 



693 

150 
536 

7 



5 
224 



136 

3 



256 

36 



1,974 



1,549 

35 



1,461 
5 



278 
15 

13 

2 

260 

6 
254 

3 

5 



Represents zero. 



61 



TABLE 37. REFUGEES AND ASYLEES GRANTED LAWFUL PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUS BY ENACTMENT 

FISCAL YEARS 1946-87 



Total 

Presidential Directive of 12/22/45 

Displaced Persons Act of 6/25/48 

Orphan Act of 7/29/53 

Refugee Relief Act of 8/7/53 

Refugee-Escapee Act of 9/11/57 

Hungarian Refugee Act of 7/25/58 

Azores & Netherlands Refugee Act of 9/2/58 

Refugee Relatives Act of 9/22/59 

Fair Share Refugee Act of 7/14/60 

Refugee Conditional Entrants Act of 10/3/65 

Cuban Refugee Act of 11/2/66 

Indochinese Refugee Act of 10/28/77 

Refugee Parolee Act of 10/5/78 

Refugee Act of 1980, 3/17/80 

Refugees 

Asylees 

Cuban/Haitian Entrants Act of 11/6/86 



2,212,891 

40,324 

409,696 

466 

189.025 

29,462 

30,752 

22,213 

1,820 

19,798 

142,103 

472,035 
1 74,946 
138,058 
537,559 
509,431 
28.128 
4.634 



40,324 
173,023 



492,371 



236,669 

466 

188,993 

24,263 

30,491 
10,057 
1,432 



754,883 



28 
5.199 

258 
12.156 

388 
19,714 
39,149 

135,947 
X 
X 
X 



102.625 

252.119 

137,309 

46,058 

1,250 

X 

1.250 



329 

83,969 
37,637 
92,000 
536,309 
509,431 
26,878 
4,634 



NOTE: X Not applicable. See Glossary for fiscal year definitions. 



62 



TABLE 38. REFUGEES AND ASYLEES GRANTED LAWFUL PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUS 

BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 

FISCAL YEARS 1946-87 



Region and country of birth 


Total 


1946-50 


1951-60 


1961-70 


1971-80 


1981-87 




2,212,891 

887,858 

3.953 
16,981 

5,078 
34,040 
11,283 
100,768 
30,610 
72,976 
63,081 
38,295 
27,371 
17,615 
190,833 

5,062 
50,453 
10,218 
114,525 
84,419 
10,297 

812,576 

16,142 
102,181 
37,889 

8,345 
17,332 
23,794 
14,040 

4,519 

4,604 
132,449 

3,254 
19,517 

6,124 

410,901 

11,485 

25,812 

8,514 
14,723 
2,575 

160 

483,599 

472,823 

816 

4,613 

2,217 

3,130 

2,755 

896 

1,859 

131 


213,347 

211,983 

29 

4,801 

139 

8,449 

7,143 

36,633 

124 

6,086 

642 

21,422 

18,694 

129 

78,529 

12 

4,180 

1 

14,072 

9,816 

1,082 

1,106 

319 

118 
3 

4 

603 

59 

20 

8 

12 

7 

163 

3 

1 
159 

32 

32 

36 


492,371 

456,146 

1,409 
11,487 

1,138 
10,719 

4,103 
62,860 
28,568 
55.740 
60,657 
16,783 

8,569 
14,336 
81,323 

3,650 
12,057 
246 
30,059 
44,755 

7,687 

33,422 

1 

12,008 
1,076 
8,253 
192 
130 
3,803 
3,116 

119 

15 

1,427 

2 

3,280 

1,768 

1,354 
61 
353 

75 

831 

6 

1 
824 

74 

5 
69 

55 


212,843 

55,235 

1,952 

233 

1,799 

5,709 

16 

665 

586 

4,044 

1.198 

49 

72 

3,134 

3,197 

1,361 

7,158 

4,114 

871 

18,299 

778 

19,895 

5,308 

2,128 

7,658 

58 

119 

554 

1,316 

383 

13 

1,489 

7 

862 

5,486 

5,396 
2 
88 

21 

132,068 

131,557 

1 

9 

3 

498 

123 

4 

119 

15 


539,447 

71,858 

395 

185 

1,238 

3,646 

2 

143 

478 

4,358 

346 

16 

23 

8 

5,882 

21 

6,812 

5,317 

31,309 

11,297 

382 

210,683 

542 

7,739 

13,760 

3.468 

222 

364 

6,851 

56 

65 

21,690 

1.336 

1.241 

1.193 

150,266 

1,890 

2,991 

1,473 

1,307 

211 

37 

252,633 

251,514 
45 
93 
36 
945 

1,244 

420 
824 

1 


754,883 




92,636 




168 




275 




764 




5.517 




19 




467 




854 




2,748 


Italy 


238 




25 




13 




8 




21,902 




18 




20,246 




540 


USSR 


38,214 




252 




368 




547,470 




15,599 




94,442 




6,494 




1,673 




1,199 




23,062 




6,940 




103 




107 




110,759 




1,412 




18,248 




1,412 




260,626 




5,394 


Africa 


15,547 




283 




13,353 




1,911 




20 




97,904 




89,743 




770 


Haiti 


4.511 




2,176 




704 




1,282 




467 




815 




24 







' Includes Federal Republic of Germany and German Democratic Republic. 

' Includes l^ainland China and Taiwan. 

- Represents zero. 

NOTE; See Glossary for fiscal year definitions. 



63 



TABLE 39. REFUGEES AND ASYLEES GRANTED LAWFUL PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUS BY REGION AND 

SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 
FISCAL YEARS 1978-87 



Region and country 
of birth 



All countries 

Europe 

Austria 

Bulgaria 

Czechoslovakia 

Germany 

Germany. Fed. Rep 

Hungary 

Poland ' 

Romania 

Spain 

U.S.SR 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

Afghanistan 

Cambodia 

China 

China. Mainland 

Hong Kong 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Iraq 

Laos 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Syria 

Thailand 

Turkey 

Vietnam 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Angola 

Ethiopia 

Sudan 

Other Africa 

Oceania 

North America 

Caribbean 

Cuba 

Haiti 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

El Salvador 

Nicaragua 

Other Central America 
Other North America .... 

South America 

Born on board ship 

Unknown or not reported 



132,781 
7,258 



97 
247 

14 
(') 
332 
608 

i,:7c 

318 

4,342 

44 

172 

96,659 

18 

3,607 

1,076 

f) 

121 

5 

31 

15 

156 

4,259 



86,777 
193 



10 

28,477 
28,343 

28,299 

5 

39 

53 



45,128 

4,353 

12 
107 
326 
7 
(') 
286 
878 

116 

1,791 

22 

109 

28,070 

91 

1,366 

934 

126 



13 
1,128 
3,475 



38 
103 
172 

37 
20,481 

80 



12,240 
12,143 

12,130 



13,304 

10 

83 

618 

12 

(') 

258 

976 

1,088 

137 

9,862 

41 

219 

63,260 

431 
2,716 
1,751 

176 

5 

123 

124 

768 

13,843 

160 

7 

83 

176 

926 

163 

41,537 

271 

806 

3 
662 

2 
139 



10,247 
10,141 

10,056 



44 
428 

26 
(') 
123 
679 

1,2:; 

70 

8,423 

17 

269 

89,362 

1,610 

12,642 

1,454 

(') 

467 

17 

113 

366 

710 

15,727 

253 

7 

230 

352 

1,233 

327 

53,463 

391 

1,643 



5,030 
4,844 

4,815 
16 
13 
163 
9 
136 
18 



19,475 

11 
106 
592 
(') 
34 
212 
830 



102,685 

10,226 

33 

82 

687 

(') 

34 

238 

2,673 



92,127 

16,068 

76 

140 

936 

(') 

84 

455 

5,601 



95,040 

14,008 

57 

141 

958 

(') 

92 

588 

4.813 



71 


87 


73 


77 


14,647 


4,404 


5,206 


2,638 


30 


21 


60 


58 


594 


210 


211 


160 


131,089 


85,298 


68,399 


62,035 


1,340 


2,321 


3,032 


2,555 


13,309 


17,957 


1 1 ,663 


13,365 


(') 


(=) 


(=) 


(') 


1,867 


547 


643 


728 


442 


262 


183 


100 


10 


17 


22 


41 


286 


127 


222 


165 


701 


1,450 


3,544 


5,420 


1,648 


1,092 


1,862 


951 


36,398 


23,503 


12,094 


8,921 


348 


98 


146 


85 


17 


20 


30 


59 


261 


326 


338 


323 


728 


127 


89 


59 


2,661 


2,798 


2,216 


2,349 


752 


154 


65 


59 


69.523 


34,285 


32,033 


26.775 


798 


214 


217 


80 


1,659 


2,456 


2,322 


3,201 


2 


37 


66 


40 


1,381 


2,209 


2,018 


2,762 


4 


37 


66 


180 


272 


173 


172 


219 


2 


2 


5 


S 


4,125 


4,547 


5,146 


15,667 


3,917 


4,142 


4,599 


15,090 


3,885 


4,118 


4,560 


15,080 


22 


10 


22 


5 


10 


14 


17 


5 


192 


386 


512 


556 


- 


22 


112 


166 


178 


317 


319 


347 


14 


47 


81 


43 


16 


19 


35 


21 


242 


156 


178 


124 


4 


- 


- 


- 


5 


- 


9 


- 



104,383 

11,868 

53 
134 
841 

(') 
100 
543 

3,949 

,,308 
114 

1,654 
32 
140 

58,685 

2,600 

13,300 

(') 

618 

117 

35 

148 

6,022 

367 

7,556 

81 

68 

459 

23 

3,240 

42 

23,930 

79 



2,547 

29 

2,102 

121 

295 

1 

31,086 
30,356 

30,333 

7 

16 

682 

289 

324 



96,474 

9,685 

40 

117 

1,075 

(') 

76 

589 

3,357 

2,s:. 

48 

1,242 

34 

148 

52,602 

2,141 

12,206 

(') 

540 

102 

23 

138 

5,559 

310 

6,560 

67 

66 

386 

34 

3,751 

13 

20,617 

89 



1,719 

25 

1,425 
83 
186 



32,303 
31,474 

26,952 
4,429 
93 
787 
172 
555 
60 
42 



Pnor to fiscal year 1982, data for Federal Republic of Ge-many and German Democratic Republic are included in Germany. 

Beginning fiscal year 1980. data for Danzig are included in Poland. 

Prior to fiscal year 1982. data for Mainland China and Taiwan are included in China. 

Represents zero. 



64 



TABLE 40. REFUGEES AND ASYLEES GRANTED LAWFUL PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUS BY 
SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH AND SELECTED METROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREA OF RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1987 



Metropolitan statistical area' 
of residence 



Afgtian- 
istan 



China, 
Mainland 



Czecho- 
slovakia 



Ethiopia 



Hungary 



Total 

Miami-Hialeah, FL 

Los Angeles-Long Beach. CA 

New York, NY 

Anaheim-Santa Ana, CA 

Chicago, IL 

Washington, DC-MD-VA 

Stockton, CA 

San Jose, CA 

Boston. MA 

Oakland, CA 

San Diego, CA 

Seattle, WA 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI 

Dallas, TX 

Philadelphia, PA-NJ 

Tampa-St Petersburg-Clearwater, FL 

Houston, TX 

Atlanta, GA 

San Francisco, CA 

Sacramento, CA 

Fresno, CA 

Portland, OR 

Denver, CO 

Detroit, Ml 

Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood-Pompano, FL . 

New Orleans, L-A 

Fort Worth-Arlington, TX 

Lowell, MA-NH 

Modesto, CA 

Tacoma, WA 

Riverside-San Bernardino, CA 

Providence, Rl 

St. Louis, MO-IL 

Newark, NJ 

Rochester, NY 

Rochester, MN 

Orlando, FL 

Phoenix, AZ 

Salt Lake City-Ogden, UT 

Hartford, CT 

Nashville, TN 

Jersey City, NJ 

Nassau-Suffolk, NY 

Wast Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray, FL 

Des Moines, lA 

Grand Rapids, Ml 

Merced, CA 

Cleveland. OH 

Baltimore, MD 

Milwaukee, Wl 

Other MSAs 

Non-MSA 

See footnotes at end of table. 



96,474 

24,281 
6,343 
5,708 
3,341 
2,513 
2,384 
2,370 
2,354 
2,142 
2,080 

1,939 
1,906 
1,900 
1,618 
1,491 
1,490 
1,431 
1,403 
1,362 
1,111 

784 
765 
683 
644 
623 
623 
587 
561 
547 
535 

526 
500 
441 
439 
438 
430 
424 
403 
363 
354 

354 
344 
335 
326 
274 
246 
244 
234 
225 
219 

11,169 

2,667 



1,075 



1,425 



180 
269 
117 



19 
496 



140 
59 



1 
729 
353 
342 
321 
274 
1,135 
275 
655 
274 

325 
551 
354 
385 
515 
75 
121 
418 
108 



355 
264 
334 



342 
34 

77 

268 

3 

25 

117 
18 



1,970 
338 



21,165 

339 

1,587 



845 
142 



- 


6 


3 


36 


6 


8 


5 


_ 


200 


8 


80 


5 


139 


1 


5 


2 


9 


2 


19 


1 


4 


29 


5 


- 


719 


233 


279 


79 



5 


2,398 


66 


5 


37 


841 


21 


- 


55 


34 


96 


51 



26 

135 



123 
92 



65 



TABLE 40. REFUGEES AND ASYLEES GRANTED LAWFUL PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUS BY 

SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH AND SELECTED METROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREA OF RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1987— Continued 



Metropolitan statistical area' 
of residence 


Iran 


Laos 


Nicaragua 


Poland 


Romania 


Thailand 


U.S.S.R. 


Vietnam 


Other 


Total 


5,559 

40 
2,242 
323 
184 
126 
186 
3 
245 

92 
161 

133 
73 
42 
91 
32 
23 

105 
74 

182 
29 

17 
11 
30 
21 
1 
9 
28 
2 
31 

36 

3 
27 
4 

19 
28 
15 

8 

11 
93 

4 

10 
45 
2 

580 

138 


6,560 

61 
11 
180 
107 
157 
262 
33 
42 
100 

308 

178 

801 

219 

44 

97 

35 

115 

29 

267 

417 
75 
85 
36 
3 
18 

148 
73 
43 
13 

25 
31 
31 

53 
13 
16 
11 
29 
68 

126 

91 

11 

203 

5 

1 

143 

1,333 

413 


555 

328 

82 

3 

5 

9 

13 
6 
5 

3 

19 

1 

24 

19 
11 
2 

3 

1 

20 

1 


3,357 

5 
96 

390 
55 

489 
68 

24 
55 
54 

85 
57 
25 
63 
119 
36 
33 
26 
55 
3 

11 
34 
170 
5 
4 
5 

1 

7 

6 

28 
69 
9 
4 
12 
19 
18 
60 

15 
41 
45 
2 
1 
20 

14 

31 
14 

848 

126 


2,959 

29 
229 
451 
216 
422 

31 

21 
11 
74 

18 
54 
11 
42 
38 
12 
44 
40 
13 
97 

96 

13 

167 

12 
12 

7 
1 

81 

24 

24 

9 

4 
51 

5 
42 

1 
2 
12 

4 

2 

21 

85 
3 

292 
136 


3,751 

192 
81 

115 
91 
55 

310 
85 

144 
73 

109 
179 
212 
75 
133 
31 
25 
87 
32 
69 

119 

34 

24 

5 

12 
33 
69 
101 
95 

19 

84 

9 

19 
92 
4 
5 
20 
13 

42 

23 
1 

34 
9 

2I 

622 

131 


1.242 

4 
169 
541 
4 
86 
17 

10 
128 

7 

2 

2 
17 
18 

3 

4 
25 

2 

1 

1 
5 
8 

1 

3 

25 
8 

7 

4 

3 

1 

13 

8 
11 
4 

1 

2 

7 

68 
22 


20.617 

8 

1.522 

535 

1.895 

353 

781 

588 

1,465 

660 

642 

614 
554 
313 
481 
435 
277 
771 
366 
633 
459 

83 

344 

260 

35 

6 

334 

224 

50 

74 

80 

201 

14 
152 

40 
199 

39 
118 
191 
103 

73 

17 
40 
51 
29 
57 
131 
4 
27 
51 
15 

3.515 

708 


2.517 




279 




232 


New York NY 


193 




69 




136 




75 




61 




45 




55 




72 




89 


Seattle WA 


42 


Minneapolis-St Paul MN-WI 


21 




32 


Ptiiladelphia PA-NJ 


41 




16 




46 




32 




63 




54 




17 




6 




20 




148 




14 




19 




13 


Lowell MA-NH 


6 




15 


Tacoma WA 


4 




14 




10 


St Louis MO-IL 


56 




12 


Rochester, NY 


4 




11 




10 




16 


Salt Lake City-Ogden UT . . 


5 


Hartford, CT 


10 


Nashville TN 


13 




9 


Nassau-Suffolk NY 


5 




8 




2 




9 


Merced CA 


_ 


Cleveland, OH 


7 




10 


Milwaukee, Wl 


4 


Other MSAs 


316 


Non-MSA 


71 







' Metropolitan statistical areas defined by the Office of Management and Budget, June 30, 1986 and ranked by the number of refugees and asylees. 
- Represents zero. 



66 



TABLES 41-46 



NONIMMIGRANTS 



TABLE 41. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED CLASS OF ADMISSION 

AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF LAST RESIDENCE 

SELECTED FISCAL YEARS 1978-87 



Region and country of 


All classes' (in thousands) 


Visitors for pleasure (ir 


thousands) 


last residence 


1978 


1981 


1984 


1986 


1987 


1978 


1981 


1984 


1986 


1987 


All countries 


8,290 


11,757 


9,293 


10,471 


12,272 


6,643 


9,515 


6,595 


7,342 


8,887 


Europe 


2,483 


4,537 


3,199 


3,801 


4,772 


1,832 


3,601 


2,195 


2,626 


3,486 


Austna 


33 


58 


47 


56 


84 


27 


49 


35 


41 


68 


Belgium 


62 


118 


66 


82 


103 


44 


91 


40 


52 


70 


Czechoslovakia 


5 


5 


6 


6 


6 


4 


3 


4 


5 


5 


Denmark 


44 


62 


55 


73 


94 


31 


45 


34 


48 


69 


Finland 


24 


42 


37 


44 


53 


18 


31 


25 


29 


36 


France 


272 


441 


353 


448 


567 


192 


341 


229 


306 


405 


German Democratic Rep 


C) 


(') 


45 


2 


4 


{') 


(^ 


35 


1 


3 


Germany 


481 


754 


{') 


{') 


(') 


382 


618 


i') 


{') 


(') 


Germany, Federal Rep 


(') 


{') 


527 


656 


937 


C) 


{') 


381 


479 


737 


Greece 


38 


66 


49 


55 


58 


22 


37 


31 


38 


40 


Hungary 


9 


13 


12 


15 


16 


7 


10 


9 


11 


12 


Iceland 


8 


11 


8 


9 


13 


7 


9 


6 


6 


10 


Ireland 


43 


102 


66 


98 


105 


34 


88 


51 


76 


81 


Italy 


155 


264 


235 


275 


338 


105 


189 


162 


181 


239 


Luxembourg 


3 


5 


4 


5 


8 


2 


4 


3 


4 


6 


Netherlands 


139 


217 


144 


168 


206 


104 


165 


91 


107 


139 


Norway 


50 


84 


71 


85 


92 


31 


50 


42 


54 


62 


Poland ' 


23 


41 


28 


55 


53 


17 


34 


25 


48 


44 


Portugal 


21 


33 


24 


29 


31 


16 


23 


16 


20 


22 


Romania 


5 


6 


5 


5 


6 


2 


3 


3 


3 


4 


Spam 


69 


144 


104 


118 


142 


46 


109 


69 


75 


96 


Sweden 


96 


174 


122 


141 


182 


71 


135 


75 


86 


123 


Switzerland 


119 


183 


160 


183 


236 


94 


150 


118 


133 


181 


USSR 


11 


10 


5 


8 


11 


3 


4 


2 


3 


5 


United Kingdom 


750 


1,669 


998 


1,152 


1,389 


557 


1,388 


692 


799 


1.003 


Yugoslavia 


20 


29 


19 


25 


30 


13 


21 


13 


17 


21 


Other Europe 


4 


6 


7 


8 


8 


3 


4 


5 


6 


6 


Asia 


1,430 


2,290 


2,449 


2,796 


3,288 


1,006 


1,704 


1,789 


1,989 


2,414 


Bangladesh 


2 


4 


3 


5 


6 


1 


2 


1 


2 


3 


China * 


38 
1 


111 
3 


145 
5 


187 
6 


202 
6 


14 
1 


53 
2 


74 
2 


83 
3 


87 


Cyprus 


3 


Hong Kong 


41 


75 


103 


112 


117 


25 


54 


68 


73 


73 


India ' 


48 


88 


81 


97 


108 


28 


57 


50 


59 


66 


Indonesia ° 


12 


21 


27 


35 


34 


6 


11 


16 


20 


19 


Iran 


118 


17 


28 


31 


19 


68 


12 


22 


25 


16 


Israel 


71 


131 


116 


137 


148 


51 


102 


84 


95 


104 


Japan 


874 


1,372 


1,440 


1,681 


2,123 


706 


1,155 


1.203 


1.381 


1,779 


Jordan 


10 


17 


14 


14 


16 


4 


8 


7 


8 


9 


Korea 


32 


77 


80 


102 


108 


8 


29 


25 


29 


27 


Kuwait 


10 


15 


21 


21 


20 


4 


8 


11 


10 


11 


Lebanon 


16 


26 


26 


17 


16 


10 


16 


18 


11 


10 


Malaysia 


10 


33 


40 


36 


35 


5 


21 


22 


18 


20 ■ 


Pakistan 


14 


28 


24 


30 


32 


8 


18 


14 


18 


20 


Philippines 


52 


100 


105 


110 


116 


28 


60 


63 


60 


63 


Saudi Arabia 


30 


57 


65 


49 


50 


10 


27 


35 


25 


28 


Singapore 


10 


27 


37 


38 


41 


5 


19 


24 


22 


24 


Thailand 


13 


21 


28 


26 


30 


7 


12 


16 


14 


16 


Turkey 


9 


18 


15 


17 


20 


5 


11 


9 


10 


12 


United Arab Emirates 


2 


6 


11 


11 


10 


1 


3 


7 


5 


5 


Other Asia 


18 


43 


35 


33 


31 


10 


23 


16 


17 


18 


Africa 


116 


225 


199 


194 


175 


59 


130 


119 


110 


99 


Egypt 


13 


34 


25 


24 


24 


7 


21 


15 


14 


15 


Kenya 


4 


6 


5 


7 


7 


2 


4 


3 


4 


4 


Liberia 


4 


6 


6 


6 


6 


2 


4 


4 


4 


4 


Morocco 


4 


6 


7 


7 


8 


2 


5 


4 


4 


5 


Nigeria 


21 


54 


42 


52 


30 


8 


25 


23 


30 


16 


Senegal 


1 


3 


3 


5 


6 


1 


1 


1 


1 


2 


South Afnca 


32 


61 


61 


45 


42 


22 


45 


44 


29 


26 


Other Africa 


35 


52 


50 


48 


52 


14 


23 


25 


22 


27 


Oceania 


286 


379 


345 


394 


428 


231 


315 


273 


306 


330 



See footnotes at end of table. 



68 



TABLE 41. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED CLASS OF ADMISSION 

AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF LAST RESIDENCE 

SELECTED FISCAL YEARS 1978-87— Continued 



Region and country of 


All classes' (in thousands) 


Visitors for pleasure (ir 


thousands) 


last residence 


1978 


1981 


1984 


1986 


1987 


1978 


1981 


1984 


1986 


1987 




176 
4 
79 
26 

3,218 

420 
2,099 


230 

5 

109 

34 

2,817 

135 
1,768 


233 
6 
91 

15 

2,048 

157 
815 


259 
6 

110 
19 

2,105 

145 
810 


278 

6 

127 

17 

2,389 

154 
929 


143 

4 

66 

18 

2.900 

335 
2,007 


188 
4 
95 
27 

2,480 

75 
1,634 


181 

5 
76 
11 

1,558 

86 
669 


197 
4 
92 

13 

1,551 


208 


Fiji 


4 




106 




12 




1,776 




70 
636 


73 




737 




468 

7 


614 

9 


747 

11 


820 

15 


946 

18 


376 

4 


526 

7 


564 

8 


612 

11 


711 




12 




128 
13 
30 
6 


172 
19 
4 
4 


214 
24 

7 
4 


253 
25 

7 
6 


289 
32 
8 
12 


119 
9 
25 

5 


163 
15 
3 
3 


199 
17 
5 
3 


230 
18 
5 
5 


274 




23 




6 




9 




11 


5 


24 


26 


29 


9 


4 


19 


19 


22 




1 

74 


19 
78 


5 
89 


11 
95 


15 
110 


1 
61 


16 
65 


3 
56 


7 
63 


9 




70 




5 


9 


4 


5 


7 


4 


8 


3 


4 


5 




33 
80 
5 


43 

112 

5 


74 

115 

4 


79 

145 

6 


79 

174 

8 


18 
58 
4 


30 
93 
4 


51 
66 
4 


54 

85 

5 


56 




99 




6 




21 
3 
39 


27 
4 
81 


40 
4 
97 


37 
5 
75 


44 
6 
84 


17 

1 

32 


23 
3 
70 


29 
2 
78 


25 
5 
59 


27 




3 




69 




2 

12 

231 

9 
41 
39 
51 
29 
25 


4 
21 
300 

11 
43 
39 
83 
47 
25 


6 
21 
329 

11 
55 
43 
86 
56 
21 


7 

15 

329 

12 
62 
51 
71 
60 
16 


6 
25 
360 

13 
64 
53 
87 
65 
17 


2 
10 
182 

6 
35 
32 
42 
19 
20 


3 

16 

245 

8 
36 
33 
74 
32 
20 


5 

18 

239 

8 
38 
34 
66 
38 
17 


6 

11 

232 

8 
44 
37 
50 
40 
13 


5 




16 




254 




9 




45 




38 




62 




43 




14 




38 

Z 

758 

104 


52 

1 

1,449 

227 


57 

Z 

831 

83 


58 

Z 

968 

181 


60 

Z 

1,000 

170 


29 

Z 

615 

89 


42 

Z 

1,256 

206 


40 

Z 

605 

62 


41 

Z 

723 

146 


44 




Z 




745 


Argentina 


133 




17 


23 


18 


18 


19 


12 


18 


11 


11 


11 


Brazil 


91 


201 


174 


251 


255 


62 


164 


128 


192 


192 


Chile 


32 


62 


45 


44 


48 


21 


48 


32 


28 


31 


Colombia 


113 


206 


170 


159 


155 


88 


173 


129 


116 


115 


Ecuador 


58 


82 


47 


62 


68 


49 


71 


37 


49 


53 


Guyana 


9 


11 


15 


15 


16 


6 


8 


9 


10 


10 


Paraguay 


4 


8 


6 


6 


8 


3 


6 


4 


4 


5 


Peru 


34 


72 


68 


62 


77 


26 


60 


51 


47 


60 


Sunname 


4 


6 


9 


10 


15 


3 


5 


6 


8 


12 


Uruguay 


9 


21 


10 


13 


15 


6 


17 


7 


9 


11 


Venezuela 


283 


530 


186 


148 


154 


250 


481 


130 


102 


111 


Other South America 


Z 


Z 


Z 


Z 


Z 


Z 


Z 


Z 


Z 


Z 




Z 


60 


219 


213 


220 


Z 


30 


57 


37 


37 







Excludes classes of admission processed as nonimmigrants in the following years; for all countries -- 1978 - 1,053,602 returning resident aliens; 
1984 - 63,263 parolees, 2,260 withdrawals and stowaways, and 68,504 refugees; 1986 - 67,483 parolees, 17,547 withdrawals and stowaways, and 51,165 
refugees; 1987 ■ 63,232 parolees, 18,731 withdrawals and'stowaways, and 66,803 refugees. 

' Prior to fiscal year 1984, data for Federal Republic of Germany and German Democratic Republic are included in Germany. 

' Beginning fiscal year 1981, data for Danzig are included in Poland. 

' Includes Mainland China and Taiwan. 

' Beginning fiscal year 1978, data for Portuguese India are included in India. 

" Beginning fiscal year 1978, data for Portuguese Timor are included in Indonesia. 

' Prior to fiscal year 1984, data for Niue are included in New Zealand. 

' Beginning fiscal year 1981, data for Canal Zone are included in Panama. 

NOTE: Totals may not add due to rounding. 

Z Less than 500 arrivals. 



69 



TABLE 42. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED CLASS OF ADMISSION 

AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 

FISCAL YEAR 1987 























Spouses 


Region and country 
ot citizenship 


All 
classes' 


Foreign 
govern- 
ment offi- 
cials' 


Temp, 
visitors for 
business 


Temp, 
visitors for 
pleasure 


Transit 
aliens' 


Treaty 
traders 
and 
inves- 
tors^ 


Students 


Spouses 

and 
children 

of 
students 


Temp, 
workers 

and 
trainees 


and 
children 
of temp, 
workers 

and 
trainees 


All countries 


12,272,866 
5,031,639 


91,657 


2,132,044 
988,046 


8,887,299 
3,615,505 


264,138 
79,659 


114,083 

47,457 

631 


262,409 

52,183 

637 


26,177 

1,610 

22 


97,334 

31,986 

822 


16,211 

6,733 

68 


Europe 


28,118 


Austria 


92,792 


366 


14.669 


72,206 


923 


Belgium 


99,441 


708 


23,495 


66,559 


1,009 


1,192 


1,017 
7 


46 


61E 


166 


Czechoslovakia 


7,469 


145 


772 


5,311 


642 


1 


1 


201 


14 


Denmark 


99.739 


311 


20.505 


70,743 


1,314 


802 


957 


26 


390 


88 


Finland 


57.836 


473 


12,152 


38,972 


310 


993 


719 


55 


432 


1 17 


France 


593.913 


3,212 


121,248 


418,767 


8,741 


7,154 


6,600 


162 


3,468 
96 


829 


German Democratic Rep 


3.567 


90 


409 


2,756 


29 


3 








Germany. Federal Rep 


945.900 


3,951 


154,230 


734,742 


5,546 


12,208 


6,672 


137 


2,393 
513 


498 


Greece 


60,780 


391 


6,827 


41,451 


5.450 


71 


4^233 


85 


51 


Hungary 


16,974 


140 


2,559 


12,041 


205 


4 


no 


5 


329 


78 


Iceland 


13.873 


81 


2,023 


9,912 


36 


1 


818 


187 


55 


29 


Ireland 


122,436 


227 


17,619 


92,198 


619 


644 


1,150 


28 


2,037 


361 


Italy 


360,697 


2,126 


74,907 


254,012 


11,525 


3,649 


4,058 


86 


1,331 


231 


Luxembourg 


6,002 


75 


962 


4,678 


20 


8 


47 


- 


54 


7 


Netherlands 


234,739 


950 


61,144 


155,044 


3,300 


1,889 


2,409 


41 


1,093 


246 


Norway 


95,648 


708 


19,543 


63,075 


3,390 


857 


2,928 


85 


353 


52 


Poland 


55,831 


259 


4,742 


45,373 


2,635 


6 


161 


41 


728 


94 


Portugal 


39.648 


551 


5,635 


27,308 


4,011 


24 


523 


13 


106 


15 


Romania 


6,543 


145 


772 


4,048 


1,337 


1 


5 


- 


66 


6 


Spam 


154.902 


1.965 


27,953 


104,195 


4,640 


1,364 


4,325 


99 


1,773 


236 


Sweden 


189.893 


747 


49,415 


124,554 


1,709 


46 


2.083 


34 


1,265 


310 


Switzerland 


218.199 


817 


34,187 


169,412 


1,177 


2,294 


3,953 


102 


704 


248 


USSR 


11.147 


930 


2,281 


5,153 


210 


4 


8 


9 


592 


6 


United Kingdom 


1,504,757 


8,261 


324,377 


1 ,066,024 


19,338 


12,582 


8,147 


274 


12,186 


2,899 


Yugoslavia 


33,233 


291 


4,656 


23,192 


1,388 


1,024 


518 


70 


322 


81 


Other Europe 


5,680 


198 


964 


3,779 


155 


5 


98 


1 


59 


3 


Asia 


3,383,510 

6,689 


27,545 


484,571 

972 


2,442,318 

3,282 
98,921 


8i>,.^08 


63,064 

3 


133,567 

1.212 
18.716 
1,516 


19,539 

1 15 


18,144 

22 


4,503 

10 


Bangladesh 


230 


238 


China' 


220,521 


1,105 


60,388 


14,879 


3,556 

1 


3,844 
48 


1,824 
32 


339 


Cyprus 


5,440 


' 33 


424 


2,710 


' 53 




Hong Kong 


78,830 


29 


17,578 


49,425 


4,497 


67 


5,247 


80 


509 


41 


India 


131,748 


1,334 


25,524 


79,167 


4,161 


35 


10,828 


816 


2,050 


554 


Indonesia 


35,294 


1,099 


4,663 


19,532 


1,984 


17 


5,659 


342 


84 


16 


Iran 


29,950 


12 


2,562 


23,505 


112 


524 


1,542 


367 


120 


88 


Israel 


153.378 


2,246 


28,520 


105,562 


1,067 


3,698 


1,677 


384 


1,568 


1,168 


Japan 


2,153.586 


7,091 


241.932 


1,776,210 


10,411 


48,018 


29,669 


1,549 


4,641 


1.134 


Jordan 


22,981 


1,675 


2,284 


13,206 


272 


5 


4,327 


210 


44 


28 


Korea 


133.618 


1,911 


36.371 


41,978 


23,693 


4,722 


12,312 


4,901 


1,206 


392 


Kuwait 


10,717 


384 


1.111 


5,006 


13 


5 


2,879 


912 


14 


5 


Lebanon 


26,044 


218 


4,287 


16,404 


517 


6 


2,545 


59 


281 


47 


Malaysia 


39,242 


470 


5,595 


21,684 


691 


26 


8,re5 


667 


212 


53 


Pakistan 


39,883 


1,269 


5,151 


24,759 


1,137 


412 


3,896 


214 


192 


73 


Philippines 


130,676 


1,920 


19,608 


71,173 


21,883 


1,664 


2,512 


93 


4,416 


375 


Saudi Arabia 


36,962 


3,033 


4,063 


18,387 


100 


6 


5,960 


3.782 


77 


16 


Singapore 


35,562 


580 


8,236 


21,439 


742 


13 


3,219 


135 


245 


38 


Sri Lanka 


7,797 


151 


1,453 


4,032 


287 


3 


806 


71 


62 


29 


Syna 


7,416 


35 


671 


4,877 


546 


2 


862 


87 


15 


11 


Thailand 


29,657 


750 


6,020 


16,026 


1,058 


179 


4,325 


90 


132 


10 


Turkey 


23,550 


410 


4.645 


13,427 


681 


96 


1,924 


64 


299 


59 


Other Asia 


23,969 


1,560 


2,513 


11.806 


486 


6 


3,769 


709 


99 


17 


Africa 


174,948 


7,068 


38,264 


93,626 


2,619 


80 


11,610 


1,143 


1,686 


602 


Egypt 


26,647 


1,669 


4,184 


16,539 


233 


14 


835 


212 


143 


66 


Ethiopia 


5,484 


37 


747 


3,423 


31 


15 


756 


18 


8 


- 


Ghana 


5,768 


103 


1,337 


3.056 


152 


- 


299 


37 


58 


7 


Kenya 


6,360 


325 


1,187 


2,927 


102 


5 


1,101 


74 


42 


10 


Morocco 


9,345 


646 


1.286 
9.160 


5,149 
14,107 


11 1 


2 


1.189 
2,786 


■j 1 


51 


10 


Nigeria 


29^072 


518 


347 


1 


391 


322 


41 







See footnotes at end of table. 



70 



TABLE 42. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED CLASS OF ADMISSION 

AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 

FISCAL YEAR 1987— Continued 





Interna- 
tional 


Repre- 
senta- 
tives of 


Ex- 


Spouses 
and 


Fian- 


Children 
of fian- 


Intracom- 


Spouses 

and 
children 


NATO 




Region and country 
of citizenship 


repre- 
senta- 
tives' 


foreign 
informa- 
tion 
media^ 


change 
visitors 


children 
of ex- 
change 
visitors 


ces(ees) 
of U.S. 
citizens 


ces(ees) 
of U.S. 
citizens 


pany 
transfer- 
ees 


of intra- 
company 
transfer- 
ees 


offi- 
cials- 


Unknown 


All countries 


57,325 


18,386 

10,006 

170 


148,205 


34,824 

10,123 

198 


6,024 

1,150 

11 


757 


65,673 

32,510 

544 


41,088 

19,014 

199 


7,340 

6,537 

6 


1,892 
110 


Europe 


21,278 


79,497 

943 


117 


Austria 


375 




2 


Belgium 


896 


189 


1,475 


289 


21 


2 


958 


607 


193 


1 


Czechoslovakia 


108 


13 


161 


27 


2 




27 


37 






Denmark 


425 


166 


2,592 


156 


20 


1 


640 


333 


259 


11 


Finland 


376 


157 


2,139 


332 


11 


4 


340 


251 


3 




France 


3,589 


1,211 


9,220 


1.445 


76 


2 


4.546 


3,297 


314 


29 


German Democratic Rep 


106 


11 


52 


1 






6 


8 






Germany, Federal Rep 


2,223 


1,513 


12,480 


1.243 


260 


55 


3,271 


1,972 


2,495 


11 


Greece 


278 


59 


769 


144 


56 




166 


60 


175 


1 


Hungary 


187 


61 


797 


381 






44 


33 






Iceland 


106 
391 


13 
192 


335 
5,371 


128 
262 


1 
54 


3 


78 
771 


67 
502 


3 
6 




Ireland 


1 


Italy 


1,226 


929 


3,893 


615 


52 


2 


1,264 


686 


100 


5 


Luxembourg 


■ 
18 


12 


64 


3 






26 


18 


9 


1 


Netherlands 


1,236 


345 


3,272 


347 


32 


5 


1,711 


1.167 


501 


7 


Norway 


472 


324 


2,309 


278 


8 


1 


387 


237 


637 


4 


Poland 


191 
337 


25 
39 


878 
491 


456 
92 


39 
81 


3 
4 


100 
219 


93 
110 


7 
87 




Portugal 


2 


Romania 


84 
758 


1 
549 


38 

5,276 


1 
591 


14 
32 


1 


18 
678 


6 

450 


1 
16 




Spain 


1 


Sweden 


884 


363 


3.806 


402 


25 




2,660 


1.579 


10 


1 


Switzerland 


372 
1,431 
4,637 


160 

91 

3,304 


2.314 

273 

19.591 


623 

13 

1.733 


17 

3 

307 


32 


1,159 

73 

12,761 


642 

70 

6,575 


17 
1,698 


1 


U.S.S.R 




United Kingdom 


31 


Yugoslavia 


377 


89 


836 


320 


27 


2 


35 


4 




1 


Other Europe 


195 


20 


122 


43 


1 




26 


11 


_ 




Asia 


11,431 


5,717 


36,569 


16,884 


3,233 


377 


15,293 


10,613 


346 


88 


Bangladesh 


282 


3 


197 


96 


3 




12 


10 




2 


China' 


793 


167 


10.024 


2.653 


258 


6 


2,064 


963 


10 


11 


Cyp'us 


73 


3 


512 


26 


2 




2 


5 






Hong Kong 


56 


13 


403 


55 


64 


1 


489 


269 


3 


4 


India 


2,181 


70 


2.446 


989 


53 


3 


913 


606 


11 


7 


Indonesia 


180 


17 


1.012 


523 


26 


3 


74 


63 


- 


- 


Imn 


324 


21 


_10Z 


151 


39 


5 


249 


220 


2 


- 


Israel 


471 


103 


2.978 


2.535 


49 


2 


798 


534 


17 


1 


Japan 


1,006 


4.631 


8.112 


5.584 


174 


10 


7,581 


5.679 


109 


45 


Jordan 


170 


- 


467 


165 


15 


- 


60 


52 


1 


- 


Korea 


256 


417 


1.732 


1,629 


565 


38 


800 


678 


7 


10 


Kuwait 


96 


6 


142 


74 


- 


- 


37 


33 


- 


- 


Lebanon 


225 


14 


948 


57 


29 


- 


267 


138 


2 


_ 


Malaysia 


296 


26 


854 


229 


18 


- 


139 


116 


1 


- 


Pakistan 


738 


31 


1.344 


303 


10 


2 


188 


161 


3 


- 


Philippines 


1,933 


47 


983 


169 


1,764 


286 


1,139 


703 


8 


- 


Saudi Arabia 


102 


5 


692 


694 


- 


- 


18 


26 


1 


- 


Singapore 


81 


17 


266 


100 


17 


1 


227 


205 


1 


- 


Sri Lanka 


484 


2 


254 


108 


2 


- 


28 


23 


2 


- 


Syna 


145 


- 


68 


32 


13 


1 


32 


19 


- 


- 


Thailand 


231 


21 


591 


67 


61 


4 


38 


52 


2 


- 


Turkey 


497 


97 


809 


233 


23 


2 


86 


25 


166 


7 


Other Asia 


811 


6 


1.628 


412 


48 


13 


52 


33 


- 


1 


All lea 


6,560 


135 


7,631 


1,896 


111 


13 


1,038 


833 


20 


13 


Egypt 


731 


25 


1,135 


664 


20 


1 


108 


66 


2 


- 


Ethiopia 


305 


3 


69 


14 


7 


1 


26 


24 


- 


- 


Ghana 


450 


1 


224 


29 


5 


- 


5 


4 


1 


- 


Kenya 


280 


5 


224 


35 


2 


- 


23 


17 


1 


- 


Morocco 


266 


1 


514 


71 


4 


- 


22 


12 




- 


Nigeria 


517 


12 


552 


207 


14 


3 


46 


40 


5 


3 



See footnotes at end of table. 



71 



TABLE 42. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED CLASS OF ADMISSION 

AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 

FISCAL YEAR 1987— Continued 



Region and country 
of citizenship 



Foreign 
All govern- 

classes ment offi- 
cials 



Temp, 
visitors for 
business 



Temp, 
visitors for 
pleasure 



Transit 
aliens 



Treaty 
traders 
and 
inves- 
tors 



Spouses j 
and 
Students cfiildren 



Temp, 
workers 

and 
trainees 



Spouses 

and 
children 
of temp. 
v»orkers 

and 
trainees 



Senegal 5.828 

South Africa 38,300 

Other Africa 48,144 

Oceania 399,456 

Australia 258,535 

New Zealand 123,619 

Other Oceania 17.302 

North America 2,168,873 

Canada 61,868 

Mexico 889,732 

Caribbean 866,793 

Antigua 16,669 

Bahamas, The 261,123 

Barbados 29,883 

Cayman Islands 17,484 

Dominica 64,940 

Dominican Republic 54,873 

Haiti 87,392 

Jamaica 176,573 

Netherland Antilles 25,61 1 

St, Kitts-Nevis 11,663 

St. Lucia 5,891 

Tnnidad & Tobago 85,079 

Other Caribbean 29,612 

Central America 350,410 

Belize I 11,624 

Costa Rica I 58,694 

El Salvador ' 56,760' 

Guatemala 85,168 

Honduras 62,332 

Nicaragua 21,001 

Panama 54,831 

Other North America 70 

South America 997,624 

Argentina 171,224 

Bolivia 20,217 

Brazil 244,472 

Chile 53,426 

Colombia 159,630 

Ecuador 66,143 

Guyana 18,424 

Paraguay 7,158 

Peru 80,687 

Suriname 14,224 

Uruguay 17,168 

Venezuela 144,819 

Other South America 32 

Stateless 9,390 

Unknown I 107,426' 

See footnotes at end of table. 



197 

363 

3,210 

4.936 

4,035 
628 
273 

12,179 

1,135 

2,184 

5,179 

132 

1,355 

452 

5 

539 

278 

271 

1,306 

52 

70 

77 

302 

340 

3,681 

109 

446 

911 

462 

757 

79 

917 



10,851 

1,467 

190 

2,434 

1,086 

1,167 

1,237 

148 

202 

1,266 

112 

187 

1,355 



2,833 
8,995 
8,535 

70,859 

52,018 
16,840 
2,001 

366,191 

13,424 
141,800 
150,686 

4,279 

7,504 

5,044 

3,252 

18,165 

13,520 

19,032 

51,281 

7,943 

1,944 

1,623 

11,549 

5,550 

60,268 

2,359 

10,454 

8,417 

19,097 

9,725 

1,636 

8,580 

13 

167,428 

26,416 

4.698 

43,157 

11,157 

27,472 

7,852 

3,986 

886 

11,149 

1,675 

3,055 

25,921 



1,577 
15,108i 



1,665 
23,653 

23,107 

302,430 

189,266 
100,886 
12,278 

1,610,086 

7,639 

702,598 

653,350 

11,758 

248,901 : 

22,349 

13,675 

40,441 

35,721 

62,021 

101,270 

15,992 

9,314 

3,070 

68,709 

20,129 

246,445 

7,701 

42,177 

39,346 

59,607 

41,112 

16,552 

39,950 

54 

732,795 

131,627 
11,825 

183,908 
33,953 

116,594 
51,026 
1 1 ,462 
4,923 
60,682 
11,342 
12,149 

103,283 
21 

7,218 

83.121- 



333 

251 
1,059 

6,930 

2,809 
2,146 
1,975 

57,158 

596 

11,943 

22,965 

150 

360 i 

733' 

115 

3,410 

3,562 

4,507 

7,590 

310 

100 

312 

748 

1,068 

21,654 

869 

2,612 

5.153 

2,391 

7,660 

1,852 

1,117 



24,751 1 

2,690 i 

1,181 

2,600 

2,481 

4,583 

3,055 

1,931 

544 

1,754 

576 

398 

2,957 

1 

269 

3,244 



110 

72 



686 

130 



2,286 

713 
146 



133| 

953: 

3,558 

1,943 

1,169 
378 
396 

40,013 

9,5961 

10,286 

12,587 

242, 

2,565; 
422 i 
405 
686: 
485 
897 

1,963 

1,130 
131 
104 

2,544 

1,013 

7,544 
280 
798 

1,028 
997 

1.532 
178 

2,731 



21,214 

1,666 

1,020 

3,386 

708 

4,130; 

1,587 
272 
161 

2,234 
210 
145 

5.693 



2 

105 
293 

180 

113 
38 
29 

1,874 

701 

608 

317 

2 

83 



1,664 

237 

22 

407 

154 
171 
59 j 
26 
19 



13 
476 



45 
794 
223 

1,729 

1.402 
323 



38,863 

13,263 

8,960 

15,565 

29 i 

73 ! 

567 

2 

829 

656 

109 

1 1 ,655 

19 

35 

600 

241 

750 

1,075 

12 

239 

219 

332, 

65; 

80 

128 



4,501 

898 
49 
764 
3371 
743 
146 
68 
18 



448 

348 



2,725 

1,824 
578 
154 



6 
169 

3 



1,124 

220 

15 
241 
147 
110 
35 
12 



23 
223 



37 
388 



72 



TABLE 42. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED CLASS OF ADMISSION 

AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 

FISCAL YEAR 1987— Continued 



Region and country 
of citizenship 



Senegal 

South Africa 
Other Africa . 



Oceania 

Australia 

New Zealand ... 
Other Oceania 



North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Antigua 

Bahamas. The 

Barbados 

Cayman Islands 

Dominica 

Dominican Republic 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

Netherland Antilles .. 

St. Kitts-Nevis 

St. Lucia 

Trinidad & Tobago .... 

Other Canbbean 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

Other North America .. 



South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Paraguay 

Peru 

Suriname 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Other South America 



Stateless 
Unknown 



Interna- 
tional 
repre- 
senta- 
tives' 



288 

118 

3,605 

1,173 

753 
312 
108 

5,945 

1,169 

932 

2,000 



328 

352 

1,844 

39 
269 
419 
335 
240 
324 
218 



10,279 

1,575 

557 

1,656 

1.657 

1,140 

394 

258 

162 

1,316 

36 

675 

851 



Repre- 
senta- 
tives of 
foreign 
informa- 
tion 
media' 



Ex- 
change 
visitors 



Spouses 

and 
children 
of ex- 
change 
visitors 



415 
216 

3 

5 



274 

950 

3,689 

3,298 

2,229 
928 
141 

13,089 

3.429 

2,682 

2,156 

53 

76 



44 


362 


40 


212 


9 


253 


16 


562 


3 


17 


1 


52 


- 


86 


5 


149 


87 


229 


113 


4,819 


1 


204 


36 


949 


9 


695 


37 


1,368 


3 


848 


3 


92 


24 


663 


- 


3 


,040 


7,238 


311 


1,155 


6 
30? 


321 
2.303 



682 
968 
400 

48 
135 
445 

31 

182 

566 

2 

34 

849 



309 
549 

1,044 

790 
221 
33 

2,518 

1.049 
734 
225 

11 



Fian- 
ces(ees) 
of U.S. 
citizens 



1,065 

347 
475 
169 



Children 
of fian- 

ces(ees) 
of U.S. 
citizens 



Intracom- 
pany 

transfer- 
ees 



670, 

125 

2,240 

1,733 
469 
38 

8,384 

4.555 

2,129 

651 

4 

52 



5,981 

1,087 

89 

1,306 

430 

701 

130 

122 

21 

523 

87 

115 

1,370 



Spouses 








and 








children 


NATO 






of intra- 


offi- 




Unknown 


company 


cials' 






transfer- 








ees 








11 




_ 


2 


612 




4 1 


47 




7 


7 



1,450 

1,207 
236 



5,147 

2,697] 
1,606 



330 


41 


20 


7 


31 


- 


52 


6 


40 


4 


2 


4 


39 


6 


11 


2 


1 
124 


10 


9 


2 


514 


17 


13 


1 


82 


2 


153 


2 


110 


3 


9 


5 


27 


- 


120 


4 







3,869 

598 

43 

1,128 

240 

435 
75 
57 
4 

392 
40 
38 

819 



1,627 

3 
1,539 



Excludes the following classes of admission processed in the Nonimmigrant Information System; for all countries •- 63.232 
parolees, 18,731 withdrawals and stowaways, and 66,803 refugees, 
* Includes spouses and unmarned minor (or dependent) children 

Includes foreign government officials and their spouses and unmarried minor (or dependent) children in transit. 
Includes fvlainland China and Taiwan, A total of 157,534 nonimmigrant visas were issued to these two countries in fiscal year 
1987: 97,936 to Taiwan and 59,598 to fulainland China. (SOURCE: Report of the Visa Office, US, Department of State, 1987) 
- Represents zero, NOTE: See Glossary for detailed descnptions of classes of admission. 



73 



TABLE 43. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY CLASS OF ADMISSION 
SELECTED FISCAL YEARS 1978-87 



Class of admission' 



All classes' 

Foreign government officials and families 

Ambassador, public minister, career diplomatic or consular 
officer (Al) 

Other foreign government oflicial or employee (A2) 

Attendant, servant, or personal employee of A1 and A2 
classes (A3) 

Temporary visitors 

For business (B1) 

For pleasure (82) 

Transit aliens 

Alien in transit (CI) 

Alien in transit to ttie U.N. (C2) 

Foreign government official and family in transit (03) 

Transit without visa (C4) 

Treaty traders and investors and families 

Treaty trader (El) 

Treaty investor (E2) 

Students 

Academic student (F1) 

Vocational student (N/11) 

Spouses and children of students 

Academic student (F2) 

Vocational student (M2) 

International representatives and families 

Principal of recognized foreign government (G1) 

Other rep, of recognized foreign government (G2) 

Rep. of nonrecognized foreign government (G3) 

International organization officer or employee (G4) 

Attendant servant or personal employee of rep,(G5) 

Temporary workers and trainees 

Distinguished merit or ability (H1) 

Performing services unavailable in the U.S. (H2) 

Industrial trainee (H3) 

Spouses and children of temporary v/orkers and trainees (H4) 

Representatives of foreign information media and families (11) 

Exchange visitors (J1) 

Spouses and children of exchange visitors (J2) 

Fiances{ees) of U.S. citizens (K1) 

Children of fiances(ees) of U.S. citizens (K2) 

Intracompany transferees (LI) 

Spouses and children of intracompany transferees (L2) 

NATO officials and families (N1-7) 

Unknov»n 



15,437 
66,915 



7,443,337 

800,652 
6,642,685 

273,123 

186,423 

301 

9,806 

76,593 

50,431 

NA 
NA 

187,030 

187,030 
(') 
19,667 

19.667 


44,042 

6,655 
7,675 

227 
28,573 

912 

42,979 

16,838 

22.832 

3,309 

8,294 

9,979 

53,319 
21,778 

5,730 
687 

21,495 
18,521 



10,650,592 

1,135,422 
9,515,170 

214,218 

NA 
NA 



80,802 

NA 
NA 

240,805 

NA 

NA 

31,056 

NA 
NA 

54,223 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

44,770 

NA 



10,110 
16,708 



80.230 
27.793 



5,456 
742 



38,595 
26,449 



7,124 
142.520 



9,292,732 
89,357 



21,091 
66.383 



8,217,996 

1,623,421 
6,594.575 

238,411 

143,227 

1,190 

7,293 

86.701 

90,510 

61,690 
28,820 

227,394 

222,406 

4,988 

29,071 

28,487 

584 

56,557 

8,121 

7,583 

267 

39.456 

1.130 

68,730 

42,473 

23,362 

2,895 

10,831 

19,051 

94,008 
26,919 

6,386 
753 

62,359 
41,264 

7,792 

5,343 



9,539,880 



21,168 
67,084 



8,405,409 

1,796,819 
6,608.590 

236,537 

138,957 

1,804 

7,010 

88,766 

96.489 

65,406 
31,083 

257,069 

251,234 

5,835 

28,427 

27,747 

680 

57,203 

8,316 

6.989 

271 

40,397 

1,230 

74,869 

47,322 

24,544 

3,003 

12,632 

16,753 

110,942 
30,271 

6,975 
832 

65,349 
41,533 



77 



10,470,900 



22,241 
69,495 



9,279,917 

1,937,929 
7,341,988 

243,859 

140,579 

937 

7,434 

94,909 

103,714 

68,932 
34.782 

261,081 

255,529 

5,552 

27,149 

26,622 

527 

59,378 

8,107 

8,003 

326 

41,491 

1,451 

85,359 

54.426 
28,014 
2,919 
13,710 

16,919 

130,416 
32,591 

7,147 
923 

66.925 

41,093 



6,969 



24 



12,272,286 



21,480 
68.195 



11,019,343 

2.132,044 
8,887,299 

264,138 

141,389 

981 

6,824 

114,944 

114,083 

73,395 
40,688 

261,829 

255,782 

6,047 

26,177 

25,709 

468 

57,325 

8,077 

7,593 

284 

39,927 

1,444 

97,334 

65,461 
28,882 
2,991 
16,211 

18.386 

148.205 
34.824 

6,024 
757 

65,673 
41,088 

7.340 

1.892 



See Glossary for detailed descriptions of classes of admission. 

- Excludes classes of admission processed as nonimmigrants in the following years: for all countnes ■- 1978 ■ 1.053.602 returning resident aliens; 
1984 - 63.263 parolees (R1-3), 2.260 withdrawals (R4) and stowaways (R5). and 68.504 refugees (RF); 1985 - 64.487 parolees (R1-3). 3.239 
withdrawals (R4) and stowaways (R5). and 68.044 refugees (RF); 1986 ■ 67,483 parolees (R1-3). 17,547 withdrawals (R4) and stowaways (R5). and 
51.165 refugees (RF); 1987 - 63.232 parolees (R1-3), 18,731 withdrawals (R4) and stowaways (R5), and 66,803 refugees (RF), 

M1 and Ivl2 were not classes of admission in 1978. 

- Represents zero, NA Not available. NOTE: "Family," "immediate family, ' and "spouse and children" are defined as spouse and unmarned minor 
(or dependent) children. 



74 



TABLE 44. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED AS TEMPORARY WORKERS, EXCHANGE VISITORS, AND INTRACOMPANY 

TRANSFEREES BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 

FISCAL YEAR 1987 



Region and country of citizenship 


Total 


Workers of 

distinguished 

merit and ability 

(HI) 


Other 

temporary 

workers (H2) 


Industrial 
trainees {H3) 


Exchange 
visitors (J1) 


Intracompany 
transferees (LI) 


All countries 


310,832 

143,993 

2,309 


65,461 

29,141 

729 


28,882 

1,582 

74 


2,991 

1,263 

19 


148,205 

79,497 

943 


65,673 

32,510 

544 


Europe 


Auslna 


Belgium 


3,051 


554 


46 


18 


1,475 


958 


Bulgana 


123 


39 


- 


- 


79 


5 


Crechoslovakia 


389 


200 


1 


- 


161 


27 


Denmark 


3,622 


306 


45 


39 


2,592 


640 


Finland 


2,911 


389 


24 


19 


2,139 


340 


France 


17,236 


3,272 


47 


149 


9,220 


4,548 


German Democratic Rep 


154 


96 


- 


- 


52 


6 


Germany Federal Rep 


18,144 


2,078 


123 


192 


12,480 


3,271 


Greece 


1,448 


389 


115 


9 


769 


166 


Hungary 


1,170 


314 


12 


3 


797 


44 


Iceland 


468 


51 


- 


4 


335 


78 


Ireland 


8,179 


1,900 


74 


63 


5,371 


771 


Italy 


6,488 


1,218 


66 


47 


3,893 


1,264 


Liechtenstein 


30 


5 


- 


- 


7 


18 


Luxembourg 


144 


53 


1 


- 


64 


26 


Malta 


39 


3 


- 


2 


31 


3 


Netherlands 


6,076 


985 


43 


65 


3,272 


1,711 


Nonway 


3,049 


262 


55 


36 


2,309 


387 


Poland 


1,706 


693 


21 


14 


878 


100 


Portugal 


816 


78 


26 


2 


491 


219 


Romania 


122 


65 


1 


_ 


36 


18 


Spam 


7,727 


1,476 


100 


197 


5,276 


678 


Sweden 


7,731 


1,161 


71 


33 


3,806 


2,660 


Switzerland 


4,177 


576 


61 


67 


2,314 


1,159 


U.SSR 


938 


590 


2 


- 


273 


73 


United Kingdom 


44,538 


1 1 ,397 


516 


273 


19,591 


12.761 


Yugoslavia 


1,193 


252 


58 


12 


836 


35 


01 her Europe 


15 


10 


- 


- 


5 


- 


Asia 


70,006 


15,312 


1,735 


1,097 


36,569 


15,293 


Afghanistan 


16 


3 


- 


- 


7 


6 


Bahrain 


127 


1 


1 


- 


125 


- 


Bangladesh 


231 


21 


1 


- 


197 


12 


Brunei 


10 


1 


- 


- 


9 


- 


Burma 


132 


1 


_ 


_ 


127 


4 


China' 


13,912 


1,604 


130 


90 


10,024 


2.064 


Cyprus 


546 


32 


- 


- 


512 


2 


Hong Kong 


1,401 


491 


7 


11 


403 


489 


India 


5,409 


1,982 


41 


27 


2,446 


913 


Indonesia 


1,170 


73 


4 


7 


1,012 


74 


Iran 


476 


113 


1 


6 


107 


249 


Iraq 


110 


21 


8 


- 


45 


36 


Isiael 


5,344 


1,450 


67 


51 


2,978 


798 


Japan 


20,334 


3,241 


986 


414 


8,112 


7.581 


Jordan 


571 


41 


- 


3 


467 


60 


Korea 


3,738 


746 


323 


137 


1,732 


800 


Kuwait 


193 


10 


- 


4 


142 


37 


Lebanon 


1,496 


271 


1 


9 


946 


267 


Malaysia 


1,205 


186 


2 


24 


854 


139 


Maldives 


6 




=^ 


--- 


IB 


- 


Nepal 


168 


11 


- 


- 


156 


1 


Oman 


844 


2 


- 


- 


842 


- 


Pakistan 


1,724 


168 


20 


4 


1,344 


188 


Philippines 


6,538 


4,255 


125 


36 


983 


1,139 


Qatar 


51 


- 


- 


- 


50 


1 


Saudi Arabia 


787 


23 


1 


53 


692 


18 


Singapore 


738 


127 


5 


113 


266 


227 


Sn Lanka 


344 


58 


3 


1 


254 


28 


Syna 


115 


15 


_ 


- 


68 


32 


Thailand 


761 


76 


2 


54 


591 


38 


Turkey 


1,194 


284 


7 


8 


809 


86 


United Arab Emirates 


139 


1 


- 


45 


92 


1 



See footnotes at end of table. 



75 



TABLE 44. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED AS TEMPORARY WORKERS, EXCHANGE VISITORS, AND INTRACOMPANY 

TRANSFEREES BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 

FISCAL YEAR 1987— Continued 



Workersof ^^^^^ 
distinquished 
Region and country of citizenship ^^,3, ment and ability ""J"^"'^!^^, 

■Lj^. workers (n<i) 


Industrial 
trainees (H3) 


Exchange intracompany 
visitors (J1) transferees (L1) 


Vietnam ' 14 i 1 

Yemen (Sanaa) 156 1 2 


- 


11 2 

154 



Other Asia 

Africa 

Algena 

Benin 

Botswana 

Burundi 

Cameroon 

Cape Verde 

Central African Rep 

Chad 

Congo 

Djibouti 

Egypt 

Ethiopia 

Gabon 

Gambia, The 

Ghana 

Guinea 

Guinea-Bissau 

Ivory Coast 

Kenya 

Lesotho 

Liberia 

Libya 

Madagascar 

fvlalawi 

Mali 

Mauritania 

Mauritius 

Morocco 

Mozambique 

Namibia 

Niger 

Nigeria 

Rwanda 

Senegal 

Seychelles 

Sierra Leone 

Somalia 

South Afnca 

Sudan 

Swaziland 

Tanzania 

Togo 

Tunisia 

Uganda 

Zaire 

Zambia 

Zimbabwe 

Other Africa 

Oceania 

Australia 

Fiji 

French Polynesia 

Kiribati 

New Zealand 

Pacific Is. Trust Ter 

Papua New Guinea 

Tonga 

Tuvalu 

Western Samoa 

Other Oceania 

See footnotes at end of table. 



10,355 
423 

38 
169 

48 
179 

31 



30 

32 

1,386 

103 
18 
82 

287 
56 
22 

170 

289 
81 
97 



27 

51 

587 

34 



920 

57 

332 



2,414 
196 

49 
122 

87 
647 
147 
195 
121 
266 

11 

7,267 

5.364 
64 
2 
5 
1,720 
21 
48 



136 
6 



3 
747 



1,558 

1,286 



7,631 

404 
37 

162 
48 

156 
31 
10 
24 
30 
32 
1,135 
69 
18 
60 

224 
52 
21 

164 

224 
79 
84 
5 
48 

116 



46 

514 
34 



552 
56 

274 



950 
172 



601 
142 
158 
104 
227 



3,298 

2.229 
46 



76 



TABLE 44. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED AS TEMPORARY WORKERS, EXCHANGE VISITORS, AND INTRACOMPANY 

TRANSFEREES BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 

FISCAL YEAR 1987— Continued 



Region and country of citizenship 



Workers of ^.. 

. . L. J I Otfier 
distinguisfied 

ment and ability '^""""'fuo^ 

,Lj.. workers (H2) 



Industrial 
trainees (H3) 



Excfiange 
visitors (J1) 



Inlracompany 
transferees (LI) 



North America 

Canada 

Greenland 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Antigua 

Bahamas. The 

Barbados 

Bermuda 

Cuba 

Dominica 

Dominican Republic . 

Grenada 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

Netherland Antilles ... 

St. Kitts-Nevis 

St. Lucia 

St. Vincent & Grenad 

Tnnidad & Tobago .... 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama , 

South America 

Argentina , 

Bolivia , 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

French Guiana 

Guyana 

Paraguay 

Peru 

Suriname 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Stateless 

Unknown 



59,958 

21,247 

3 

13,393 

18,372 

86 

201 

699 

36 

32 

1,274 

938 

147 

374 

12,331 

76 

89 

688 

710 

608 

83 

6,943 

232 

1,344 

1,178 

1,937 

985 

264 

1,003 

17,720 

3,140 

459 

4,373 

1,449 

2,412 

676 

2 

238 

174 

1,464 

122 

367 

2,844 



13,714 

6,576 

4,064 

2,232 

29 

57 

42 

21 

19 

482 

457 

10 

103 

787 

13 



842 

10 
204 
195 
229 
56 
61 



3,825 

863 



655 
271 



62 
742 



106 
1,427 i 288 



24,821 

6,524 



4.808 
13,289 



5 
326 
190 
22 

3 
10,865 

6 

3 
592 
654 



200 

2 



502 

20 



19 

193 



76 



328 

163 



100 

7 



13,089 

3,429 

3 

2,682 

2,156 

53 

76 

94 



149 
64 

4,819 
204 
949 
695 

1,368 

848 

92 

663 



7,238 

1,155 
321 
2,303 
682 
968 
400 
2 
48 
135 
445 
31 
182 
566 

34 

849 



8,384 

4,555 



2.129 
651 



362 


83 


212 


70 


111 


4 


253 


12 


562 


114 


17 


40 



1,049 
16 
156 
264 
237 
72 



1,087 
89 

1,306 
430 
701 
130 



122 
21 

523 
87 

115 
1,370 



192 



' Includes Mainland China and Taiwan. The number of nonimmigrant visas issued in fiscal year 1987 for Mainland China were: 804 H1's, 116 H2's, 
50 H3's. 8.179 Jl's. and 693 Li's, The number of nonimmigrant visas issued to Taiwan were; 327 Hi's, 5 H2's. 32 H3's. 1,229 Jl's. and 359 Li's. 
(SOURCE; Report of the Visa Office, U.S. Department of State. 1987) 

- Represents zero, 

NOTE: See Glossary for detailed descnptions of classes of admission. 



77 



TABLE 45. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED PORT OF ENTRY AND REGION 

AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 

FISCAL YEAR 1987 



Region and country of 
citizenship 



All ports' 



Agana 



Chicago 



Los Angeles 



All countries 

Europe 

Austria 

Belgium 

Czechoslovakia 

Denmark 

Finland 

France 

German Democratic Rep 
Germany. Federal Rep ... 

Greece 

Hungary 

Iceland 

Ireland 

Italy 

Luxembourg 

Netherlands 

Nonway 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

U.S.S.R 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

Bangladesh 

China' 

Cyprus 

Hong Kong 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Kuwait 

Lebanon 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Saudi Arabia 

Singapore 

Sri Lanka 

Syria 

Thailand 

Turkey 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Egypt 

Ethiopia 

Ghana 

Kenya 

Morocco 

Nigeria 

Senegal 

South Alrica 

Other Africa 



Oceania ... 

Australia . 



12,272,866 

5,031,639 

92,792 

99,441 

7,469 

99,739 

57,836 

593,913 

3,567 

945,900 

60,780 

16,974 

13,873 

122,436 

360,697 

6,002 

234,739 

95,648 

55,831 

39,648 

6,543 

154,902 

189,893 

216,199 

11,147 

1,504,757 

33,233 

5,680 

3,383,510 

6,689 

220,521 

5,440 

78,830 

131,748 

35,294 

29,950 

153,378 

2,153,586 

22,981 

133,618 

10,717 

26,044 

39,242 

39,883 

130,676 

36,962 

35,562 

7,797 

7,416 

29,657 

23,550 

23,969 

174,948 

26,647 
5,484 
5,768 
6,360 
9,345 

29,072 
5,828 

38,300 

48,144 

399,456 

258,535 



3,087 

92 
34 



283 

2 

572 

10 



202 
1 



77 
247 

1,250 
22 
2 



1,131 
184 
272 



197 
54 



4,732 

691 



241,737 

204,028 

2,907 

5,191 

153 

1,307 

682 

18,605 

23 

36,238 

3,388 

528 

751 

20,016 

8,098 

237 

7,917 

1,103 

319 

6,620 

37 

762 

2,557 

12,415 

72 

73,663 

330 

109 

19,821 

279 

413 

307 

339 

2,839 

287 

1,136 

4,440 

2,600 

441 

302 

245 

1,546 

392" 

666 

389 

536 

317 

236 

291 

361 

733 

726 

6,391 

779 

220 

130 

229 

122 

503 

34 

1,567 

2,807 

2,780 

2,198 



See footnotes at end of table. 



435,274 

276,413 

5,301 

4,691 

423 

5,863 

1,551 

30,759 

234 

73,678 

3,737 

1,475 

3,157 

2,553 

13,184 

820 

14,976 

4,304 

10,701 

348 

69 

3,341 

10,600 

19,052 

215 

61,420 

3.602 

359 

111,343 

178 

10,877 

358 

3,426 

5,471 

746 

1,814 

3,713 

54.635 

3,177 

9,671 

375 

1,220 

1,236 

2,188 

6,491 

994 

613 

293 

669 

634 

1,134 

1,428 

7,440 

1,204 

254 

372 

355 

102 

872 

10 

2.641 

1.630 

3,678 

2,900 



204,591 1,246,414 



99,580 

1.278 

1.475 

35 

358 

426 

18.894 

12 

32.123 

153 

64 



6 

35.437 

139 

52 

19.483 

162 
848 

33 
289 
972 
145 
576 
474 
9.658 
133 
237 

78 
275 
184 
445 
351 
640 
113 

72 

133 

2.657 

229 

779 

3,297 

85 
230 



1.374 
835 



1,129 

648 



79,436 

1,374 

364 

42 

1,216 

750 

9,228 

6 

10,233 

105 



41.225 
175 
132 

983,547 

142 

41.334 

7 

15.963 

1,233 

10,715 

130 

641 

865.908 

23 

14,111 

48 

57 

7,919 

321 

10,592 

259 

7,637 

501 I 

11 

5,317 

104 

574 



465 
194 



167,236 

101,198 



306,938 1,336,973 

106,161 

1,375 
3,653 



787 
337 
8,832 
44 
14,369 
900 
145 



30 


47 


25 


688 


1.515 


1.221 


1.959 


1.579 


3.566 


81 


21 


69 


1,792 


2,390 


7.070 


532 


1,060 


1.687 


53 


77 


127 


152 


858 


144 


15 


7 


20 


989 


237 


2.744 


1.313 


3,509 


1.175 


1.524 


3,213 


5,417 



51,962 
177 
64 

10,598 

64 
188 

62 

67 
1,437 
138 
553 
684 
1,926 
371 
134 

80 
639 
127 
914 
329 
1,233 

59 

60 
241 

55 
628 
609 

2,734 
396 
103 
106 
77 
34 



602 
621 



7,959 

3,855 



78 



TABLE 45. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED PORT OF ENTRY AND REGION 

AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 

FISCAL YEAR 1987— Continued 



Region and country of 
citizenship 



All countries . 



Europe 

Austria 

Belgium 

Czechoslovakia 

Denmark 

Finland 

France 

German Democratic Rep 

Germany. Federal Rep 

Greece 

Hungary 

Iceland 

Ireland 

Italy ." 

Luxembourg 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Poland ".'. 

Portugal 

Romania 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

U.S.SR ■' 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 



Bangladesh . 

China^ 

Cyprus 

Hong Kong .. 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Kuwait 

Lebanon 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Philippines .... 
Saudi Arabia . 

Singapore 

Sri Lanka 

Syria 

Thailand 

Turkey 

Other Asia 



Africa 

Egypt 

Ethiopia 

Ghana 

Kenya 

Morocco 

Nigeria 

Senegal 

South Africa 
Other Africa . 



Oceania ... 

Australia . 



Miami 



Nassau 



1,950,100 

572,181 

13,210 

7,656 

256 

4,492 

4,180 

63,502 

407 

112,876 

3,044 

513 

192 

5,156 

24,043 

395 

22,122 

10,627 

378 

3,421 

92 

34,850 

8,193 

24,395 

51 

226,81 1 

814 

505 

50,955 

189 

3,752 

190 

1,060 

4,972 

449 

662 

11,148 

14,518 

554 

4,107 

409 

1,212 

442 

1,263 

2,076 

714 

363 

391 

200 

284 

1.193 

807 

5,989 

622 

87 

245 

244 

342 

547 

79 

1,956 

1,867 

7,568 

5,641 



See footnotes at end of table. 



43,115 

734 

492 

4 

371 

196 

4,256 

17 

7,513 

315 

31 

99 

569 

3,810 

40 

1,212 

538 

7 

199 

3 

1,160 

1,409 

1.811 

1 

18,243 



5,092 

4 

101 

23 

91 

431 

37 

24 

469 

2,770 

20 

151 

25 

38 

57 

102 

274 

103 

36 



New York 



32 
39 
59 
11 
12 
196 

682 

505 



3,101,469 

1,902,465 

36,248 

39,297 

4,125 

58,739 

31,975 

246,507 

1,897 

294.213 

38,730 

8,903 

4,987 

68,133 

245,356 

1,669 

83.380 

46.461 

32,838 

20,076 

5,445 

81,374 

113,192 

88,323 

7,091 

321.731 

19,246 

2,529 

576,991 

3,882 

26,971 

3,331 

9,495 

81,067 

3,569 

11,120 

105,072 

154,985 

12,434 

38,386 

7,080 

1 1 .363 

3.173 

26.314 

17.830 I 

24.986 

2,832 

3,175 

3,694 

3,953 

14,132 

8,147 

103,439 

16,713 

2,391 

3,427 

2,992 

6,822 
21,511 

5,370 
17,509 
26,704 

23,985 

19,137 



San 
Francisco 



San Juan 



547,692 

164,671 

3,696 

2,375 

190 

876 

940 

23,053 

83 

53,792 

510 

356 

72 

2,031 

4,019 

349 

6,887 

1,928 

364 

664 

38 

941 

1,814 

7,977 

25 

51,092 

448 

151 

320,024 

143 

58,923 

99 

17,546 

5,077 

5,645 

1,446 

976 

168,537 

410 

5,139 

259 

467 

5,318 

667 

34,632 

589 

7.663 

309 

101 

4,682 

294 

1,102 



2,703 

248 

148 

36 

140 

63 

217 

4 

1,193 

654 

29,710 

26,208 



206,210 

74,180 

1,726 

898 

15 

807 

463 

16,138 

17 

15,436 

543 



327 

5,282 

80 

5,845 

919 

23 

330 

8 

10,872 

1,136 

2,520 

3 

10,544 

164 

59 



Seattle 



39 

369 

1,180 

37 
180 

10 



13 
93 
42 

408 

31 



615 

485 



187,014 

50,289 

403 

720 

61 

3,204 

3,089 

1,403 

25 



Washington 



127,907 

116 
10,676 1 

18 

9,893 I 

1,559 I 

1,791 

343 

329 

80,487 

82 

7,497 

195 

143 

1,710 

163 

5,638 

400 

1,255 

137 

36 

4,217 

116 

1,106 

936 

90 
63 
10 
62 



426 
230 



2,844 

1,966 



176,266 

110,728 

1,616 
2,197 
139 
602 
974 
20,297 
47 



5,868 


24,340 


227 


1,108 


84 


455 


24 


33 


539 


951 


1,125 


2,167 


76 


114 


4,114 


2,274 


4,227 


1,226 


124 


539 


293 


138 


33 


41 


393 


713 


5,449 


1,788 


1,030 


3,098 


28 


3,007 


17,549 


42,175 


154 


463 


47 


226 



46,272 

460 

279 

226 

95 

4,122 

216 

1,260 

1,450 

27,776 

746 

323 

518 

1,224 

247 

1,378 

417 

1,232 

102 

432 

209 

291 

836 

2,433 

10,655 

1,590 
944 
341 
616 
179 
835 
97 

1,202 

4,851 

2,521 

1,934 



1,645,804 

904,562 

14,303 

21,510 

1,521 

10.489 

6,289 

83,111 

548 

174,598 

5.964 

2.589 

4,369 

13.763 

25.314 

1,457 

47,045 

13,061 

9,023 

5,314 

512 

9,845 

13,310 

35,210 

423 

398,592 

5.324 

1.078 

167,943 

534 

11,290 

566 

8,504 

13,216 

2,270 

3,773 

12,243 

74,476 

1,502 

5,323 

562 

3,664 

3,368 

3,221 

10,272 

2,255 

2,188 

967 

595 

1,448 

2,496 

3,210 

19,401 

2,561 
475, 
742 

1,071 

1,274 

2,106 
181 

5,414 

5.577 

32,170 

22,156 



79 



NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED PORT OF ENTRY AND REGION 
AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 
FISCAL YEAR 1987— Continued 



Region and country of 
citizenship 


All pons 


Agana 


Boston 


Chicago 


Dallas 


Honolulu 


Houston 


Los Angeles 




123.619 
17.302 


244 

3.797 


565 

17 


730 
48 


253 

28 


57.647 
8.391 


4.007 
97 


40.680 


Other Oceania 


2,354 



North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Antigua 

Bahamas. The 

Barbados 

Cayman Islands 

Dominica 

Dominican Republic 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

Netherland Antilles 

St, Kitts-Nevis 

St Lucia 

Trinidad & Tobago ,,, 

Other Canbbean 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

Other North America 



2.168.873 

61.868 
889.732 
866.793 

16.669 
261.123 
29.883 
17.484 
64,940 
54.873 
87.392 
176.573 
25,611 
11.663 
5.891 
85.079 
29.612 
350,410 
11.624 
58.694 
56.760 
85,168 
62,332 
21,001 
54,831 
70 



117 
26 



4,815 


28.085 


76,716 


4,611 


170,493 


202,449 


1,481 


2.507 


704 


777 


405 


2,325 


442 


23.681 


74.883 


2.699 


144.078 


160.326 


2.622 


621 


355 


438 


786 


1,859 


56 


3 


3 


7 


2 


7 


62 


74 


30 


43 


23 


91 


296 


39 


16 


36 


13 


47 



149 
957 
45 



513 
438 
267 



104 
419 
490 
53 
136 



183 
101 



177 
68 



50 

238 

25,223 

1.408 
1.195 
3.749 
9.549 
7.346 
667 
1.309 



45 

1.159 



16 

154 

134 

37,938 

418 
5.415 
12,963 
14,438 
1,539 
1,668 
1,497 
1 



South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana - 
Paraguay 

Peru 

Sunname 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Other South Amenca . 



997,624 

171,224 
20.217 

244.472 
53.426 

159.630 
66.143 
18,424 
7.158 
80.687 
14.224 
17.168 

144.819 
32 



1,521 

203 
53 
439 
156 
196 



2,333 

388 
45 
512 
335 
182 
441 



2,225 

507 
100 
490 
204 
277 
75 
15 



4,374 

925 

44 

1.142 

459 

663 

208 

26 

68 

408 

4 

162 

264 



6,062 

777 
253 
578 
355 
642 
205 
11 
39 



43,807 

9.522 

370 

15.230 

2.905 

4.901 

2.867 

37 

315 

6.081 

52 

915 

610 



Stateless 



9,390 
107,426 



156 
2.225 



583 
5,399 



207 
6,177 



621 
10,744 



See footnotes at end of table. 



80 



TABLE 45. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED PORT OF ENTRY AND REGION 

AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 

FISCAL YEAR 1987— Continued 



Region and country of 
citizenship 



San 
Francisco 



Washington 



New Zealand 

Other Oceania 

North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Antigua 

Bahamas. The 

Barbados 

Cayman Islands 

Dominica 

Dominican Republic 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

Netherland Antilles . 

St. Kitts-Nevis 

St. Lucia 

Trinidad & Tobago .. 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

Other North America 

South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Paraguay 

Peru 

Suhname 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Other South Amenca 

Stateless 

Unknown 



1,807 


164 


4,659 


120 


13 


189 


669,957 


188,677 


260,928 


2,016 


190 


5.096 


132,049 


1,433 


73.688 


306,260 


186,009 


172,604 


2.241 


81 


4,856 


26.814 


177,504 


731 


9.352 


604 


14,671 


15.683 


116 


70 


19,143 


104 


15,898 


15,022 


127 


19,189 


44,839 


2,990 


23,320 


118,734 


2,657 


40,457 


1 1 ,985 


83 


3,029 


419 


43 


611 


1,654 


77 


1,516 


31,119 


892 


42,733 


9,255 


731 


5,523 


229,628 


1,044 


9,515 


6,319 


89 


172 


44,954 


116 


1,793 


29,650 


94 


917 


47,950 


217 


1,498 


42,104 


197 


775 


15,768 


88 


327 


42,883 


243 


4,033 


4 


1 


25 


622,899 


5.374 


210,086 


101,100 


1,036 


46,003 


16,736 


39 


910 


120,407 


1,707 


63,712 


33,579 


263 


10,118 


124,147 


550 


16,628 


47,766 


184 


10,487 


4,594 


554 


10,999 


5,563 


25 


736 


58,037 


454 


8,089 


13,489 


33 


294 


7,977 


78 


6,587 


89,492 


451 


35,518 


12 


- 


5 


157 


29 


1,735 


20,394 


3,105 


21.840 



2,326 

1,176 

22,768 

1,319 

18,201 

540 

7 

41 

31 



101,158 

209 
13,423 
83,267 

4,899 

660 

2,386 

31 

23,259 

18,353 

10,256 

1,887 

8,971 

2,818 

1,248 

3,407 

5,092 

4,257 



122 


1,424 


1,423 


248 


350 


253 


164 


264 


389 


129 


223 


1,891 


- 


2 


3,819 


22,016 


697 


2,524 


93 


301 


649 


1,498 


1,008 


825 


314 


4,624 


91 


1,065 


21 


568 


27 


63 


403 


2,262 


50 


90 


69 


257 


396 


7,934 


1 


5 


371 


15 


3,626 


4,347 



45 

3,187 

665 

2,189 

127 

3 

14 

10 



5 
195 



729 

94 



569 


9,010 


18 


1,004 


2,018 


432,768 


659 


43.482 


509 


242,085 


419 


110,748 


7 ] 


4,497 


42 : 


54,994 


21 1 


2,360 


1 ' 


1,244 


10 


6,278 


16 


1,793 


52 


5,624 


111 


10,150 


6 


1,319 


3 1 


7,745 


6 


1,348 


112 ! 


5,631 


32 


7.765 


428 


36,437 


63 


3.006 


70 


3.113 


88 


6.908 


67 


9,947 


36 


9,656 


39 


1,565 


65 


2,242 


3 


16 


1,999 


70,320 


427 


7,017 


7^1 


1,183 


412 


37,534 


293 


2,742 


231 


6,192 


86 


2,552 


46 


1,505 


25 : 


250 


194 


3,513 


11 


166 


68 


765 


129 


6,896 


" 


5 



128 

994 



140 

1,933 



13,500 



Excludes the following classes of admission processed in the Nonimmigrant Information System: for all countnes - 63,232 parolees, 18,731 
withdrawals and stowaways, and 66,803 refugees. 

' Includes (Mainland China and Taiwan. A total of 157,534 nonimmigrant visas were issued to these two countnes in fiscal year 1987: 97,936 to 
Taiwan and 59,598 to fvlainland China (SOURCE: Report of the Visa Office, U.S. Department of State, 1987) 

' Includes unknown port of entry. 

- Represents zero. 



81 



TABLE 46. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY AGE AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 

FISCAL YEAR 1987 



Region and country of citizenship 



All ages' 



Under 15 
years 



15 - 19 
years 



20 - 24 
years 



25 ■ 34 
years 



35 -44 45 - 64 
years years 



InrZ'r Unknown 
and over 



All countries 12,272,866 992,854 653,951 1,356,559 3,015,407 2,552,141 3,006,915 



Europe 

Austria 

Belgium 

Czechoslovakia 

Denmark 

Finland 

France 

German Democratic Rep . 
Germany. Federal Rep .... 

Greece 

Hungary 

Iceland 

Ireland 

Italy 

Luxembourg 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

USSR 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 



Asia 

Bangladesh ... 

China' 

Cyprus 

Hong Kong ... 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Kuwait 

Lebanon 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Saudi Arabia . 

Singapore 

Sri Lanka 

Syria 

Thailand 

Turkey 

Other Asia 



Africa 

Egypt 

Ethiopia 

Ghana 

Kenya 

Morocco 

Nigena 

Senegal 

South Africa . 
Other Africa . 



Oceania 

Australia 

New Zealand . 



5,031,639 

92.792 

99.441 

7,469 

99,739 

57,836 

593,913 

3,567 

945,900 

60,780 

16,974 

13,873 

122,436 

360,697 

6,002 

234,739 

95,648 

55,831 

39,648 

6,543 

154,902 

189,893 

218,199 

11,147 

1,504,757 

33,233 

5,680, 

3,383,5101 

6,689' 

220.521 

5,440 

78,830 

131,748 

35,294 

29,950 

153,378 

2,153,586 

22,981 

133,618 

10,717 

26,044 

39,242 

39,883 

130,676 

36,962 

35,562 

7,797 

7,416 

29.657 

23,550 

23,969 

174,948 

26,647 
5,484 
5,76d 
6,360 
9,345 

29,072 
5,828 

38,300' 

48,144 

399,456 

258,535 
123.619 



331,070 

4,208 

6,204 

398 

5,126 

3,632 

45,743 

231 

45,061 

3,491 

1,139 

1,793 

9,079 

17,151 

375 

11,288? 

5,805] 

2,367 

3,251 

228 

11,157 

10,686 

10,887 

653 

128.442 

2,247 

428 

212,603 

742 

8,489 

286 

5,094 

11,226 

2,816 

3,158 

15,413 

110,620 

2,417 

10,054 

1,730 

2,076 

3,231 

5,628 

12,169 

7,486 

2,906 

732 

742 

1,505 

1,272 

2,811 

14,550 

2,730 
523 
305 
591 
579 

2,1061 
188 

3,250 

4.278 

37,687 

24,447 
11,434 



289,220 

5.127 

5,795 

141 

7,937 

4,358 

51,299 

113 

58,563 

2,660 

828 

909 

7,114 

18,356 

287 

10,851 

6,434 

1,494 

1,866 

120 

13,607 

11,954 

9,158 

232 

68,031 

1,731 

255, 

135,859 

487 
3.619 

310 
3,796 
4,720 
2,829 

953 

7,485 

85,532 

1,982 

4,037 

729 
1,409 
1,833 
2,105 
5,914 
1,763 
1,339 

320 

394 
1,479 
1,177 
1,647 

7,299 

1,059 
589 
162 
340 
450 
812 
134 
1,666 
2.087 

17.633 

11.297 
5.489 



492,420 

1 1 .863 

8.082 

245 

12.710; 

4,921 ! 

55,709 

194 

98,148 

5,816 

1,009] 

1,709 

22,609! 

32,919' 

554' 

20,385 

10,742 

3.159 

3.035 

101 

12.261 

21.427 

28.607 

463 

133,022 

2,246' 

484 

528,089 

1,040 

10,810 
1,633 1 
9,380 j 

12,682 
5.110 
1,708 

11,370 

407,559 

4,263 

10,308 
2,345 
3,955 
8,754 
4,405 
9,916 
5,669 
4,763 
759 
863 
3,234 
2,789 
4,774 

17,095 

2,093 

478 

443 

981 

1,789 

2,455 

501 

2,980 1 

5,375 

37,344 

23,120 
12,426 



1,084,989 

21,439 
22,438 

1,050 

19,382 

12,335 

125,675 

485 

203,790, 

12,909 

2,886 

3,085 
32,023 
88,549 

1,487 
50,764 
21,319 
13,951 

8.963 
711 
33,751 
38,449 
55,934 

1,890 
303,728: 

6,824 

1,172 



1,848 

61,352 

1,310 

23,807 

30,003 

7,735 

4,972 

27,081 

697,440 

5,307 

40,185 

3,434 

6,428 

11,167 

10.239 

36,857 

13,288 

12,890 

2,013 

1,450 

8,309 

5,950 

6,914 

52,094 

6,055 
972 
2,076 
1,788 
3,066 

10,759 
2,404 
9,373 

15,601 

87,563 

56,204 
26,837 



1,100,816 

19,977 

24,009 

1,542 

22,358 

15,455, 

138.315: 

637 

184,967 

1 1 ,820 

3.674 

2,559 

20,298 

79,671 

1,321 

55,850 

22,321 

13,637 

8,743 

1,227 

35,862 

45,723 

42.756 

2,443 

336,593 

7.728 

1,330 

614,829 

1,244 

49,240 

657 

17,803 

25,016 

6,889 

5,166 

35,368 

360,743 

3,412 

30,773 

1,356 

4,136 

7,292] 

7,690 

28,258] 

4,436 

7,453 

1,638 

1,064 

6,996 

4,529 

3,670 

40,817 

5,635 
1,252 
1,404 
1,402 
1,795 
7,698 
1,754 
8,557 
11,320 



1,398,924 

25,312 
27,655 

2,803 
25,628! 
14,318 
145,090 

1,457 

292,318 

18,020 

5,332 

3,122| 
24,367 
105,442 

1,637 
67,963 
23,283 
17,515 
10,608 

2,678 
40,308 
50,958 
58,038 

4,429 

418,984 

10,111 

1.548 

719,515 

1,192 

69,835 

1,033 

15,263 

38,603 

8,770 

10,770 

43,033 

412,617 

4,813 

32,686 

963 

6.706 

6,056 

8,562 

29,161 

3,218 

5,361 

2,015 

2,326 

6,938 

6,409 

3,185 

36,243 

7,563 
1,395 
1,232 
1,130 
1,436 
4,889 
780 
9,572 
8,246 



88,554 105,487 

59,570 68,001 
25,245 33,620 



668,001 

325,947 

4,749 
5,118 
1,273 
6,437' 
2,769; 

31,169j 
447 

61,812 

5,895 

2,066' 

661 

6,676] 

18,0011 
332 

17,226 
5,558 
3,591 
3,067 
1,465 
7,565 

10,435' 

12,468 

1,016 

113,417 

2,289 

445 

147,063 

118 

16,737 

203 

3,581 

9,209 

1,082 

3,009 

13,283 

76,612 

693 

5,336 

121 

1,236 

839 

1,141 

8,106 

848 

807 

298 

506 

1,099 

1,362 

8371 

I 

6,278 

1,430 

232 

131 

99 

198 

287 

37 

2,827 

1,037 

24,700 

15,609 
8,393] 



8,253 

117 
140 

17 
161 

48 

913 

3 

1,241 

169 

40 

35 
270 
608 
9 
412 
186 
117 
115 

13 
391 
261 
351 

21 
2,540 

57 

18 

5,573 

18 

439 

8 

106 

289 

63 

214 

345 

2,463 

94 
239 

39 



113 
295 
254 
43 
22 



62 

131 

572 

82 
43 



488 

287 

175 



See footnotes at end of table. 



82 



TABLE 46. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY AGE AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 

FISCAL YEAR 1987— Continued 



Region and country of citizenship 



All ages' 



Under 15 
years 



15- 19 
years 



20- 24 
years 



25 - 34 
years 



35-44 j 45-64 ! 65 years 
years I years I and over 



Other Oceania 

North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Antigua 

Bahamas, The 

Barbados 

Cayman Islands 

Dominica 

Dominican Republic 

Haiti 

Jamaica , 

Netherland Antilles 

St. Kitts-Nevis 

St. Lucia 

Trinidad & Tobago . 
Other Caribbean 

Central America 

Belize , 

Costa Rica , 

El Salvador , 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua , 

Panama , 

Other North America 

South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Paraguay 

Peru 

Sunname 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Other South Amenca 

Stateless 

Unknown 



17,302 

2,168,873 

61,868 
889,732 
866,793 

16,669 
261,123 
29,883 
17,484 
64,940 
54,873' 
87,392' 
176,573: 
25,611 
11,663 
5,891 
85,079 
29,612 
350,410 
11,624 
58,694 
56,760 
85,168 
62,332| 
21,001 
54,831 
70 

997,624 

171,224 
20,217 

244,472 
53,426 

159,630 
66,143 
18,424 
7,158 
80,687 
14,224 
17,168 

144,819 
32 

9,390 

107,426 



1,806 

260,593 

4,370 
115,397 

95,826 
2,250 

33,528 
4,303 
2,523 
6,818 
5,977 
6,868 

14,699 

3,115 

1,334 

409 

11.146 
2.856 

44,993 
1.596 
8,104 
7.415 

11.427 
7,407 
2.922 
6.122 



126,265 

22.797 
2.604 

32.147 
4,919 

20.850 
9,586 
1,631 
963 
9,635 
2,098 
1,313 

17,718 



9,647 



847 

137.598 

4,397 
64,632 
47,871 
1.026 
18.969 
1.539 
1.561 
3,481 
3,115 
2,869 
6,773 
1,499 

640 

222 

4,313 

1,864 

20,690 

697 
3,465 
3,256 
4,687 
3,437 

823 
4,325 



59,721 

9,670 

1,349 

17,569 

2,568 

8,507 

4,512 

796 j 

386 

4,918 

953: 

845 1 

7,645 

3 



322 



1,798 

200,304 i 

10,270! 
80,578' 
80,974! 

2,119' 
33,733 
2,244' 
2,299! 
5,316' 
4,270! 
4,6921 
10.5881 
2,389; 
1.643J 
6791 
7,602! 
3,400' 
28,477 
1,282 
4,12ll 
4.402 
6,9231 
5,450] 
911 
5,388: 



70,314 

9,164] 
1,803J 

19,054; 
2,848 1 

12,0131 
5,262! 
1,2191 
701 
5,245 
1,269 
1,029 

10,699 



4,5221 3,739' 3,866 



538,692 

20,487 

203,436 

237,448 

4,672 1 

71,440 
7,932] 
4,440 

16,315' 

1 2,752 i 

23,796! 

54,223] 
6,298 i 
4.480 j 
2,010, 

20,91 1 
8,179 

77,300 
2,894 

12.969; 

11,893 

19,237! 

15,666' 
3.81 1' 

10.830 
21] 

206,7781 

27.764] 
4,237 
57.6021 
10,734 
35,257 1 
14.085 
4,943 
1,658 
15,042! 
3,493 
3,487 
28,470 
6 

2,075 



462,608 

13,210 
176,945 
196,963 
3,665 
50,01 1 
6,671 
3,418 
15,979 
13,512 
22,125 
47,944 
6,387 
2.048 
1,445 
17,337 
6,421 
75,477 
2,223 
13,043 
12,278 
17,658 
14,381 
4,586 
11,308 
13 

221,250 

37,899 
4,127 
57,184 
13,656 
34,325 
14,264 
4,640 
1,376 
17,636 
3,005 
3,390 
29,744 



460,160 

8,212 
197.742 
172,440| 

2,458 1 
46,009 

5,967 1 

2,677! 
14,312 
12,6241 
21,404] 
34,946 

5,0671 

1,144i 

962 

19,591; 

5,279 
81,754 

2,371] 
13,617| 
13,843 
19,608] 
13,274 1 

5,966] 

13.0751 

12' 

255,918 

51.666 

4.925 

51.976 

15.195 

39.331 

14,399 

4,252 

1,743 

22,336 

3,017 

5,630 

41,444 



6,299! 10,1141 23,237] 21,428 27,848 



698 

101,110 

816 
47,774 
32,158 

438 
6,181 
1,157 

498 
2,475 
2,437 
5,312 
6,913 

795 

323 

139 

3,9971 

1,493 

20,359 

534 
3,128 
3,483 
5,229 
2,484 
1.908 
3,593 



54,082! 

11,839 

1,093 

8,330 

3,358 

8,421 

3,720! 

905 

311 

5,597 

341 

1,423 

8,741! 

3J 

998 

7,823 



26 

7,808 

106 
3,228 
3,113 

41 
1,252 
70 
68 
244 
186 
326 
487 



182 

120 

1,360 

27 
247 
190 
399 
233 



3,296 

425 

79 

610 

148 

926 

315 

38 

20 

278 



1,030 



Excludes the following classes of admission processed in the Nonimmigrant Information System: for all countries - 63,232 parolees, 18,731 
withdrawals and stowaways, and 66.803 refugees. 

' Includes Mainland China and Taiwan. A total of 157,534 nonimmigrant visas were issued to these two countries in fiscal year 1987: 97,936 to 
Taiwan and 59,598 to Mainland China. (SOURCE: Report of the Visa Office, U.S. Department of State. 1987) 

- Represents zero. 



83 



TABLES 47-58 



NATURALIZATIONS 



TABLE 47. PETITIONS FOR NATURALIZATION FILED, PERSONS NATURALIZED, 

AND PETITIONS FOR NATURALIZATION DENIED 

FISCAL YEARS 1907-87 



1907-87 .... 

1907-10 ..„ 
1911-20 .... 
1921-30 .... 
1931-40 .... 
1941-50 .... 
1951-60 .... 

1961-70 .... 

1961 

1962 

1963 

1964 

1965 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 

1970 

1971-80 .... 

1971 

1972 

1973 

1974 

1975 

1976 

1976 TO 

1977 

1978 

1979 

1980 

1981-87 ... 

1981 

1982 

1983 

1984 

1985 

1986 

1987 



Petitions 
filed 



Persons naturalized 



Military 



12,611,091 

164,036 
1.381,384 
1,884,277 
1,637,113 
1,938,066 
1,230,483 

1,142,985 

138,718 
129,682 
121,170 
113,218 
106,813 
104,853 
108,369 
103,085 
102,317 
114,760 

1,556,307 

109,897 
121,883 
126,929 
136,175 
149,399 
157.932 
41,220 
186,354 
168.854 
165,434 
192,230 



11,762,692 

111,738 
1,128,972 
1,773,185 
1,518.464 
1,987,028 
1,189,946 

1,120,263 

132,450 
127,307 
124,178 
112.234 
104,299 
103,059 
104.902 
102.726 
98,709 
110,399 

1,464,772 

108,407 
116,215 
120,740 
131,655 
141,537 
142,504 
48,218 
159,873 
173,535 
164,150 
157,938 



11,117,408 

111,738 
884,672 
1,716.979 
1.498,573 
1,837,229 
1,148,241 

1,084,195 

130,731 
124,972 
121,618 
109,629 
101,214 
100,498 
102,211 
100,288 
93,251 
99,783 

1,397,846 

98,858 
107,740 
112,944 
124,807 
135,323 
136.873 

46,705 
154,568 
168,409 
158,276 
153,343 



1,676,440 


1,468,324 


1,437,935 


171,073 


166,317 


162,227 


201,507 


173,688 


170,071 


187,719 


178,948 ; 


175,678 


286,440 


197,023 1 


192,113 


305,981 


244,717 


238,394 


290,732 


280,623 


275,352 


232,988 


227,008 


224,100 



244,300 
56,206 
19,891 

149,799 
41,705 

36,068 

1,719 
2,335 
2,560 
2,605 
3,085 
2,561 
2,691 
2,438 
5,458 
10,616 

66,926 

9,549 
8,475 
7,796 
6,848 
6,214 
5,631 
1,513 
5,305 
5,126 
5,874 
4,595 

22,437 

4,090 
3,617 
3,196 
2,965 
3,266 
2,901 
2.402 



Not reported 



7,952 



7,952 



74 

1,945 

3,057 

2,370 

506 



Petitions 
denied 



522,834 

17,702 
118,725 
165,493 
45,792 
64,814 
27,569 

23,557 
3,175 
3,557 
2,436 
2,309 
2,059 
2,029 
2,008 
1.962 
2,043 
1,979 

27,978 
2.028 
1,837 
1.708 
2,210 
2,300 
2,231 
568 
2,845 
3,894 
3,987 
4,370 

31,204 

4,316 
3,994 
3,160 
3.373 
3,610 
5,980 
6,771 



- Represents zero 

NOTE: The data reported in this table represent court actions-the number of naturalization petitions filed with courts and the number of persons 
naturalized or denied in court heanngs. An application for naturalization processed by the INS may be filed with the courts, recommended denied to 
the courts, returned to the applicant for more information, or nonfiled (withdrawn by the applicant). Approximately 17 percent of the completed 
applications to file a petition for naturalization currently are nonfiled and 10 percent are returned each fiscal year. See Glossary for fiscal year 
definitions. See text on naturalizations for an explanation of the data collected by the INS' workload measurement system and INS data on 
characteristics of persons naturalized. 



86 



TABLE 48. PERSONS NATURALIZED BY GENERAL AND SPECIAL NATURALIZATION PROVISIONS 

FISCAL YEARS 1982-87 



Naturalization provisions 



rotal naturalized 

3eneral provisions 

Special provisions 

Persons married to U.S. citizens 

Children, including adopted children, of U.S. citizen 

parents 

Military 

Persons who served in the U.S. armed forces for 3 

years 

Persons who served in the U.S. armed forces dunng 

World War I, World War II, the Korean hostilities, 

the Vietnam hostilities or the Grenada campaign 

Lodge Act enlistees 

Persons honorably discharged from U.S. armed 

forces following service in World War II 

Other 

Surviving spouses of citizen members of the armed 

forces of the United States 

Employees of nonprofit organizations engaged in 

disseminating information promoting U.S. 

interests 

Persons who served on certain U.S. vessels 

Nationals but not citizens of the United States 

Philippine citizens who entered the United States 

prior to May 1, 1934, and have resided 

continuously in the United States 

Certain inhabitants of the Virgin Islands who 

renounced Danish citizenship 

Former U.S. citizens who lost citizenship by 

marriage 

Former U.S. citizens who lost citizenship by entering 

the armed forces of foreign countries during 

World War II 

Persons naturalized under pnvate law 

Person who performs ministenal or priestly functions 

of a religious order in the U.S 

Mot reported 

- Represents zero. 



173,688 



26,903 

14,929 



8,333 
3,617 



178,948 

154,990 



23,884 

13,146 



7,485 
3,196 



197,023 


244,717 


168.720 


214.831 


26,358 

14.201 


26,829 

14.461 


9.126 
2,965 


9,059 
3,266 


919 


1,312 



280,623 

251,035 



27,218 

14.416 



9.859 
2,901 



1,330 



227,008 

204.250 



22,252 

12.349 



7.428 
2,402 



1 

506 



87 



TABLE 49. PERSONS NATURALIZED BY SELECTED NATURALIZATION PROVISIONS 

AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF FORMER ALLEGIANCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1987 



Special provisions 



Region and country of 
former allegiance 



Total 
naturalized 



General 
provisions 



Married to Ctiildren of 
U.S.citizens U.S. parents 



Military 



Not reported 



All countries . 



Europe 

Austria 

Belgium 

Czectioslovakia 

France 

German Dem. Rep. . 
Germany, Fed. Rep. 

Greece 

Hungary 

Ireland 

Italy 

Netfierlands 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Spain 

Switzerland 

U.S.S.R 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 



Asia 

Afgfianistan 

Bangladesh 

Burma 

Cambodia 

China. Mainland . 

Cyprus 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Iraq 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Laos 

Lebanon 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Singapore 

Sri Lanka 

Syna 

Tawan 

Thailand 

Turkey 

Vietnam 

Other Asia 



Africa 

Egypt 

Ethiopia 

Ghana 

Kenya 

Morocco 

Nigeria 

South Africa . 

Sudan 

Tanzania 

Other Africa . 



227,008 

36,532 

105 

148 

699 

975 

365 

1,950 

2,083 

661 

813 

2,601 

485 

2,731 

3,518 

1,909 

487 

225 

7,276 

7,102 

1,495 

904 



113,392 

528 

334 

634 

2,816 

9,208 

163 

8,659 

425 

4,277 

1,316 

1,740 

752 

1,700 

14,233 

3,159 

2,350 

336 

1,976 

25,296 

155 

236 

890 

4,033 

1,327 

980 

25,469 

400 

5,956 

1,731 
714 
434 
197 
239 
159 
884 
45 
142 

1,411 



34,171 

91 

137 

673 

881 

345 

1,710 

1,929 

628 

743 

2,491 

435 

2,550 

3,362 

1,849 

437 

198 

7,203 

6,328 

1,430 

751 

99,136 

518 

286 

601 

2,782 

8,518 

150 

7,972 

368 

3,684 

1,217 

1,509 

646 

1,460 

9,906 

3,092 

1,992 

291 

1,764 

20,297 

138 

209 

798 

3,603 

1,152 

886 

25,041 

256 

5,350 

1,540 
687 
394 
185 
197 
130 
820 
38 
136 

1,223 



22,252 



25 
93 
20 
238 
145 
33 
70 
102 
50 
178 
128 
57 
50 
27 



61 

14,085 

10 

47 

33 

31 

674 

13 

675 

56 

584 

99 

226 

106 

238 

4,281 

65 

357 

45 

212 

4,966 

17 

27 

92 

423 

173 

94 

397 

144 



1,573 

3 
9 
20 
73 
12 
140 
112 
26 
42 



146 
52 
51 
33 
25 
44 

590 
48 
38 

7,746 

5 
32 
25 
13 

571 
12 

261 
42 

549 
71 

188 
47 

195 

1,254 

9 

281 
41 

146 

3,234 

12 



327 

116 



507 

164 



7,428 
391 



105 
12 



395 

7 

30 



42 

2,917 

55 



62 
759 



289 
104 



218 

2 
2 
3 



7 
102 



88 



TABLE 49. PERSONS NATURALIZED BY SELECTED NATURALIZATION PROVISIONS 

AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF FORMER ALLEGIANCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1987— Continued 



Region and country of 
former allegiance 



Oceania 

Australia 

Fill 

Other Oceania 

North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Antigua-Barbuda 

Barbados 

Cuba 

Dominica 

Dominican Republic 

Grenada 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

Trinidad & Tobago .. 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Peru 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Other South America 

U.S. possessions 

Stateless 

Not reported 



Total 


General 


naturalized 


provisions 


902 


786 


115 


103 


377 


337 


410 


346 


54,794 


51,195 


2,919 


2,620 


21,999 


20.652 


21,751 


20,898 


205 


186 


794 


764 


6,738 


6,603 


266 


253 


4.257 


4,105 


290 


275 


1,936 


1,854 


5.196 


4,938 


1.427 


1,315 


642 


605 


8,125 


7,025 


316 


272 


658 


582 


2.428 


2,110 


1,490 


1,323 


964 


788 


1,118 


1,021 


1,151 


929 


13,945 


12,420 


1,194 


1,110 


401 


352 


466 


349 


955 


764 


4,006 


3,446 


1,519 


1.438 


2,694 


2,571 


1,844 


1,624 


379 


362 


373 


313 


114 


91 



280 

911 



Special provisions 



63 

3,481 

293 
1,314 

806 
18 
30 



147 

13 

80 

250 

109 

36 

1,068 

44 

70 

314 

163 

174 

95 

208 

1,491 

81 

49 
117 
187 
545 

77 
121 
214 

17 



Married to 
U.S.citizens 



64 

4 
22 
38 

1,727 

127 

760 

365 

12 

10 



16 
475 



138 
59 



72 

116 



55 
166 

39 

68 
167 

16 



Children of 
U.S. parents 



Military 



286 
115 



410 

3 



102 
5 



128 
334 

19 



266 
324 



16 
182 



Not reported 



118 

6 



Represents zero. 



89 



TABLE 50. PERSONS NATURALIZED BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF FORMER ALLEGIANCE 

FISCAL YEARS 1978-87 



Region and country of 


1978 


1979 


1980 


1981 


1982 


1983 


1984 


1985 


1986 


1987 


former allegiance 
























173,535 


164,150 


157,938 


166,317 


173,688 


178,948 


197,023 


244,717 


280,623 


227,008 


Europe 


47,633 


41,760 


35,191 


35.235 


36,541 


33,870 


34,898 


45,599 


44,598 


36,532 


Austria 


356 


281 


268 


201 


206 


209 


222 


208 


192 


105 


Belgium 


198 


156 


114 


142 


136 


129 


150 


189 


159 


148 


Czechoslovakia 


1,449 


1,039 


775 


553 


434 


409 


410 


480 


697 


699 


France 


1,096 


879 


741 


798 


895 


854 


1,003 


1,145 


1,147 


975 


Germany 


4,278 


3,437 


2,922 


2,841 


(') 


(') 


{') 


(') 


(') 


(') 


Germany Fed Rep 


(') 


(') 





(') 


2,681 


2,529 


2,600 


2,865 


2,753 


1,950 


German Oem Rep 


(') 


(') 


(') 


(') 


245 


425 


423 


487 


495 


365 


Greece 


5,758 


4,866 


3,685 


3,668 


4,397 


3,458 


3,068 


4,283 


2,750 


2,083 


Hungary 


1,448 


1,075 


893 


794 


771 


639 


859 


845 


824 


661 


Ireland 


1,047 


928 


697 


688 


657 


821 


682 


911 


991 


813 


Italy 


8,180 


7,296 


5,410 


4,287 


4,078 


3,685 


3.576 


3,816 


3,110 


2,601 


Netherlands 


750 


606 


534 


541 


559 


516 


492 


585 


569 


485 


Poland 


2,970 


2,392 


1,996 


1,948 


2,121 


2,428 


2,117 


2,939 


3,140 


2,731 


Portugal 


3,599 


4,073 


3,631 


3,237 


3,085 


2,736 


2,907 


3,579 


4,177 


3,518 


Romania 


1,025 


884 


866 


1,076 


953 


908 


1,131 


1,400 


1,816 


1,909 


Spain 


991 


911 


702 


644 


678 


537 


735 


710 


658 


487 


Switzerland 


317 


208 


205 


187 


174 


189 


209 


309 


285 


225 


USSR 


613 


762 


1,211 


2,566 


3.390 


2,855 


4,038 


8,935 


9,370 


7,276 


United Kingdom 


9,118 


8,065 


7,282 


8,120 


8,456 


7,882 


7,631 


8,833 


8,609 


7,102 


Yugoslavia 


2,881 


2,438 


2,021 


1,925 


1,729 


1,682 


1,675 


1,908 


1,758 


1,495 




1,559 


1,464 


1 238 


1,019 


896 


979 


970 


1 172 


1 098 


904 


Asia 


65,418 


• 
63,688 


67,402 


73,516 


80,189 


84,555 


87,261 


113,084 


134,695 


113,392 




48 


63 


71 


83 


77 


61 


82 


154 


297 


528 




78 


132 


146 


207 


223 


273 


275 


337 


296 


334 




421 

32 

11,303 


397 

36 

11.446 


354 

74 

12.524 


280 

398 

12,048 


334 
571 



441 
486 




477 
512 

{') 

9,143 


855 
860 


888 
1,847 
{') 
11,151 


634 




2,816 




9,208 




(') 


(') 


(') 


{') 


9,969 


9,318 


11,743 


Cyprus 


134 


163 


142 


223 


237 


187 


274 


233 


168 


163 


India 


6,477 


6,001 


6,552 


7,233 


8,298 


8,819 


8,294 


10,357 


10,017 


8,659 




397 
1,132 


295 
1,217 


283 
1,591 


230 
1,677 


235 
1,636 


292 
1,868 


330 
2,268 


489 
3,431 


538 
4,569 


425 




4,277 




672 


754 


823 


1 037 


904 


1 320 


1 043 


1 571 


1 659 


1 316 


Israel 


1,419 


1 280 


1 280 


1 706 


1 796 


1 793 


1,851 


2,117 


2,300 


1,740 




1,550 


1,336 


1 759 


1,216 


1,125 


1,106 


1,108 


1,053 


1,011 


752 




1,566 


1,383 


1,424 


1,376 


1,362 


1,311 


1,264 


1,628 


1,819 


1,700 


Korea 


12 575 


13 406 


14 703 


13 258 


13 488 


12 808 


14 019 


16 824 


18 037 


14 233 


Laos 


23 


33 


34 


199 


557 


812 


968 


1,616 


3,426 


3,159 




1,212 


1,223 


1 221 


1 386 


1,729 


2 205 


2,439 


2.964 


3,011 


2,350 


Malaysia 


173 


169 


194 


180 


194 


186 


230 


305 


315 


336 




1 093 


1 189 


1 103 


1 373 


1 523 


1 593 


1 690 


1 950 


2 285 


1,976 




20 218 


17 749 


17 683 


16 976 


17 697 


22 103 


23,487 


28,954 


31 002 


25,296 




75 


78 


87 


92 


102 


110 


109 


118 


157 


155 


Sri Lanka 


116 
634 


144 
626 


136 
668 


155 
625 


142 
703 


135 
644 


247 
732 


267 
902 


238 
1,096 


236 


Syria 


890 




{') 


1 284 


{') 


1,396 


1 658 


2 634 


2,758 


3,407 


4 501 


4,033 




1,303 




1 537 


1,564 


1,396 


1,518 


1,750 


1,327 


Turkey 


671 


720 


776 


751 


839 


745 


845 


932 


1,019 


980 


Vietnam 


1 594 


1 839 


1 828 


8 846 


12 716 


11 188 


11 039 


18 060 


30 840 


25,469 


Other Asia 


502 

3,194 

1 806 


705 

2,667 

1 373 


540 

2,587 

1 213 


565 

2,693 

988 


537 
3,264 


553 
3,292 


381 
4,276 


439 
5,305 


458 
6,334 


400 


Africa 


5,956 




1 046 


1,109 


1,556 


1,803 


1,888 


1,731 


Ethiopia 


100 


87 


99 


73 


112 


130 


150 


258 


474 


714 


Ghana 


44 
113 
213 

51 
344 

70 
116 
337 


51 
107 
160 

62 
235 

48 
129 
415 


64 
122 
183 

50 
228 

35 
124 
469 


91 
205 
189 

53 
260 

25 
109 
700 


117 
204 
174 

72 
446 

54 
141 
898 


158 
183 
173 

97 
550 

97 
136 
659 


246 
162 
173 
109 
809 
108 
125 
838 


284 
212 
185 
166 
954 
274 
166 
1,003 


497 
225 
253 
211 

1,296 
174 
168 

1,148 


434 


Kenya 


197 




239 




159 


South Africa 


884 


Sudan 


45 


Tanzania 


142 


Other Africa 


1,411 







See footnotes at end of table. 



90 



TABLE 50. PERSONS NATURALIZED BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF FORMER ALLEGIANCE 
FISCAL YEARS 1978-87— Continued 



Region and country of 
former allegiance 



Oceania 

Australia 

Fiji 

Other Oceania 

North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Barbados 

Cuba 

Dominica 

Dominican Republic .. 

Grenada 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

Trinidad & Tobago 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Peru 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Other South America ... 

U.S. possessions 

Stateless or not reported 



692 

240 
115 
337 

45,389 

3,594 
8,662 
29,315 

666 
16,053 

2,504 
28 
2,273 
6,459 
1,258 
74 
3,818 

398 
695 
579 
707 
509 
930 

10,777 

1,730 

344 

784 

636 

2,663 

1,257 

1,415 

1,261 

384 

213 

90 

2 

430 



668 

209 
136 
323 

44,161 

3,085 
8.046 
29,138 

780 
13,317 

3,350 
55 
2,567 
7,632 
1,351 
86 
3,892 

435 
770 
525 
698 
463 
1,001 

10,825 

1,350 

237 

612 

551 

2.923 

1,187 

1,779 

1,533 

363 

203 

87 



637 

195 
140 
302 

41,785 

2,823 
9,341 

25,426 
538 

12,717 

3,392 
56 
1,748 
5,840 
1,074 
61 
4,195 

417 
988 
652 
619 
724 
795 

10,065 

1,183 

276 

453 

586 

2,940 

1.189 

1.452 

1,369 

332 

212 

73 



681 

184 
184 
313 

43,808 

2,662 

9,545 

26,846 

631 

11,329 

29 

5,720 

67 

1,990 

5,791 

1,195 

94 

4,755 

451 
1,252 
636 
756 
656 
1,004 

10,126 

1,025 

251 

407 

549 

3,203 

1.290 

1.596 

1,193 

313 

225 

74 



802 

180 
223 
399 

42,567 

2,672 

11.423 

23,630 

620 

9,551 

89 

5,369 

80 

2,083 

4,565 

1,118 

155 

4,842 

2 

442 

1,187 

785 

728 

664 

1,034 

10,243 

1,021 

237 

461 

529 

3,161 

1,219 

1,788 

1,184 

286 

259 



691 

170 
168 
353 

44,110 

2,937 
12.594 
23,718 
650 
10,365 
98 

4,828 
269 

2,169 

3,938 
958 
443 

4,861 
108 
438 

1,126 
952 
768 
616 
853 

10,688 

1,006 

298 

409 

760 

2,952 

1,177 

2,217 

1,217 

328 

234 

90 

27 



709 

154 
156 
399 

54,808 

3.403 
14.575 
30,833 

804 
15,756 

110 
4,875 

294 
2,592 
4,666 
1,192 

544 
5,997 

138 

663 
1,380 

968 
1,063 

762 
1,023 

13,092 

1,235 

319 

488 

915 

3,543 

1,458 

2,844 

1,451 

406 

326 

107 



869 

166 
317 
386 

61,761 

3,824 
23,042 
26,899 

885 
10,487 

205 
5,887 

267 
2,545 
4,809 
1.280 

534 
7,996 

265 

819 
2,119 
1,408 
1,219 

965 
1,201 

15,227 

1,456 

484 

655 

1,213 

4,136 

1,739 

2,628 

1.969 

458 

348 

141 

22 

2,850 



1,057 

180 
368 
509 

73,899 

3,787 

27,807 

32,442 

1,036 

13.818 

165 

5.980 

250 

2.608 

6.563 

1.476 

546 

9,863 

366 

968 

2.628 

1.841 

1,400 

1,343 

1,317 

16,925 

1,593 

514 

615 

1,242 

5,156 

1,870 

2,784 

2,180 

337 

468 

166 

13 

3,102 



902 

115 
377 
410 

54,794 

2,919 
21.999 
21,751 

794 
6.738 

266 
4.257 

290 
1.936 
5,196 
1,427 

847 
8,125 

316 

658 
2.428 
1.490 

964 
1.118 
1,151 

13,945 

1,194 

401 

466 

955 

4,006 

1,519 

2,694 

1,844 

379 

373 

114 

3 

1,484 



Prior to fiscal year 1982. data for Federal Republic of Germany and German Democratic Republic are included in Germany. 
' Pnor to fiscal year 1982. data for Mainland China and Taiwan are included in China. 
- Represents zero. 



91 



TABLE 51. PERSONS NATURALIZED BY SEX, MARITAL STATUS, AND MAJOR OCCUPATION GROUP 

FISCAL YEARS 1982-87 



Sex, marital status, and occupation 



Total 

Male 

Single 

Married 

Widowed 

Divorced 

Separated 

Unknown 

Female 

Single 

Married 

Widowed 

Divorced 

Separated 

Unknown 

Unknown , 

Major occupation group: 
Professional, technical, and kindred workers 
Managers and administrators (except farm) . 

Sales workers 

Clencal and kindred workers 

Craftsmen and kindred workers 

Operatives and laborers 

Farming, forestry, and fishing workers 

Service workers 

Homemakers. children, and others with no 
occupation reported 



173,688 

79,393 

21.493 

54,579 

516 

2,751 

47 



94,295 

20,035 
66,424 
3,023 
4,732 
71 
10 



28,087 
11,471 

4,691 
16,353 
13,228 
22,461 

1,152 
16,974 

59,271 



178,948 

83,446 

23,082 

56,757 

503 

2,861 

65 

178 

95,344 

20,819 
66,431 
2,847 
4,876 
105 
266 

158 



26,145 

7,239 

8,922 

18,136 

14,387 

21,369 

963 

21,821 

59,966 



197,023 

92,416 

25,868 

62,063 

612 

3,506 

102 

265 

104,228 

23,777 
70,929 
3,332 
5,680 
142 
368 

379 



28.580 
11,118 

9,274 
20,952 
15,626 
21,348 

1,131 
23,349 

65,645 



244,717 

115,114 

32,716 

75,567 

839 

4,362 

998 

632 

124,425 

28,500 
83,550 
4,250 
6,505 
888 
732 



34,093 
12,935 

8,880 
27,442 
17,634 
27,506 

1,039 
35,206 

79,982 



280,623 

133,982 

38,359 

83,067 

951 

5,458 

5,153 

994 

140,087 

32,624 
89,554 
4.566 
7.997 
4,320 
1,026 

6,554 



36.572 
14.089 
10,441 
31,896 
19,444 
27,417 
1,116 
46,922 

92,726 



227,008 

109,548 

28,521 

66,717 

710 

4,934 

7,743 

923 

108,583 

21 ,620 
69,664 
3,544 
6,171 
6,643 
941 

8,877 



25,292 
11,376 
8,397 
24,235 
11,456 
18,830 
684 
32,258 

94,480 



Represents zero. 



92 



PERSONS NATURALIZED BY STATE OF RESIDENCE 
FISCAL YEARS 1978-87 



State of residence 



Total 

Alabama 

Alaska 

Arizona 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut 

Delaware 

Dist. of Columbia 
Flonda 

Georgia 

Hawaii 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Kentucky 

Louisiana 

Maine 

Maryland 

Massachusetts ... 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi 

Missouri 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire .. 

New Jersey 

New Mexico 

New York 

North Carolina .... 

North Dakota 

Ohio 

Oklahoma 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania 

Rhode Island 

South Carolina .... 

South Dakota 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah 

Vermont 

Virginia 

Washington 

West Virginia 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming 

U.S. possessions 

Guam 

Puerto Rico 

Virgin Islands 

Not reported 



173.535 

435 

337 

1,069 

100 

36,544 

1,297 

3,242 

287 

665 

13,138 

1,020 

3,672 

169 

12,864 

1,163 

484 

675 

545 

924 

213 

4,368 

5,519 

3,518 

1,261 

154 

986 

148 

365 

319 

278 

16,751 
371 

31,840 
908 
100 
3,518 
469 
863 
4,649 
905 

496 
94 

441 
5,725 

434 

179 
3,275 
2,289 

270 
1,137 

103 



1,082 

1,247 

630 



164,150 

367 

512 

1,448 

139 

30,212 

1,222 

3,392 

358 

448 

11,757 

987 

4,384 

208 

6,927 

1,144 

526 

621 

412 

899 

215 

3,120 

8,251 

4,534 

1,448 

278 

1,171 

132 

384 

587 

263 

13,860 
261 

37,225 
650 
121 
3,328 
438 
907 
4,240 
893 

376 
86 

333 
5,843 

332 

149 
2,171 
2,288 

240 

1,068 

70 



1,161 
675 



157,938 

414 

419 

1,044 

163 

39,424 

1,478 

2,575 

256 

192 

11,417 

985 

3,473 

221 

8,039 

1,086 

578 

891 

199 

772 

215 

3,610 

6,269 

3,714 

1,515 

189 

1,062 

110 

379 

460 

220 

11,465 

381 

29,557 

1,057 

129 
2,916 

374 
1,173 
4,192 

902 

419 
83 

490 
4,705 

611 

134 
1,653 
2,222 

281 
1,237 

138 



812 

1,265 

373 



166,317 

256 

418 

1,518 

234 

35,077 

1,644 

2,936 

260 

116 

11,452 

673 

3,946 

323 

5,527 

1,390 

718 

771 

338 

568 

285 

3,584 

6,942 

5,134 

1,730 

188 

1,196 

167 

425 

392 

368 

12,725 

376 

38,283 

1,001 

155 
3,809 

310 
1,215 
3,803 

893 

310 
99 

568 
5,628 

616 

195 
1,003 
2,126 

123 

1,352 

99 



663 

1.683 

619 



173,688 

590 

477 

2,083 

381 

33,658 

2,143 

2,926 

244 

332 

10,137 

1,193 

2,750 

309 

6,646 

1,253 

818 

1,010 

413 

706 

258 

2,972 
6,690 
4,638 
2,152 

131 
1,704 

152 

421 
1,336 

202 

10,742 

521 

37,122 

1,480 

228 

3,976 

1,290 

1,569 

5,969 

951 

515 
30 

553 
9,137 

657 

124 
1,988 
3,375 

274 
1,440 

169 



842 

1.303 

704 



178,948 

452 

517 

2,328 

248 

33,411 

1,306 

2,706 

260 

275 

12,617 

1,654 

6,668 

226 

12,385 

1,353 

672 

950 

429 

705 

347 



5,348 

5,251 

1,953 

208 

1,291 

127 

440 

935 

379 

10,749 

559 

32,410 

1,166 

166 

3,428 

1,183 

1,241 

4,828 

991 

253 

98 

627 

11,091 

582 

110 

2,206 

3,360 

293 

806 

82 



1,931 
709 
589 



197,023 

926 

864 

2,524 

290 

40.490 

1,614 

2,635 

227 

467 

19,855 

2,819 
6,448 

163 
4,730 
1,022 

564 
1,093 

386 
2,225 

240 

5,254 
5,332 
3,374 
1,941 

302 

1,597 

31 

399 
1,181 

262 

11,628 

1,015 

35,049 

1,532 

160 
4,040 

782 
1,543 
4,246 

971 

1,021 

124 

680 

9,553 

1,001 

139 

4,038 

5,399 

217 

1,389 

108 



1,520 

1,065 

300 



244,717 

609 

574 

2,576 

456 

70,519 

2,379 

3,709 

291 

582 

10,362 

1,804 
4,291 

285 

10,389 

1,159 

745 
1,331 

910 
2,490 

269 

6.116 
5.898 
5,582 
2,106 

432 
1.292 

152 

425 
1.489 

341 

15.278 
829 

37.250 
1.626 
203 
3.257 
1.819 
1.678 
4.630 
1.113 

1,289 
78 

846 
19,206 

793 

135 
5,147 
4,349 

278 
1,469 

118 



1,547 
939 
773 



280,623 

664 

577 

3,121 

605 

105,284 

2,490 

3,650 

258 

817 

20,366 

1,834 
4,760 

288 
18,606 
1,275 

715 
1,226 

675 
2,575 

318 

5,116 
6,187 
3,758 
2,295 

381 
1,314 

161 

555 
1,254 

344 

6,483 

751 

39,571 

1,702 

165 

3,373 

1,284 

1,473 

4,117 

1,476 

558 

168 

1,033 

13,439 

1,335 

223 
4,892 
2,684 

235 
1,462 

143 



1,274 
653 
235 



Represents zero. 



93 



TABLE 53. PERSONS NATURALIZED BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF FORMER ALLEGIANCE 

AND STATE OF RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1987 



Stale of residence 



All 



China, 
Mainland 



Dominican 
Republic 



Total 

Alabama 

Alaska 

Arizona 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut 

Delaware 

District of Columbia 
Florida 

Georgia 

Hawaii 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Kentucky 

Louisiana 

Maine 

Maryland 

Massachusetts 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi 

Missoun 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire 

New Jersey 

New Mexico 

New York 

North Carolina 

North Dakota 

Ohio 

Oklahoma 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania 

Rhode Island 

South Carolina 

South Dakota 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah 

Vermont 

Virginia 

Washington 

West Virginia 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming 

U.S. possessions 

Guam 

Puerto Rico 

Virgin Islands 

Not reported 



227,008 

506 
509 

2,788 

540 

82,607 

1,878 

2,589 
329 
385 

8,041 

1,856 
4,070 

199 
9,809 

807 

229 
1,268 

630 
1,406 

354 

4.180 
5,219 
3,869 
1,623 

239 

1,493 

91 

167 
1,302 

295 

15,054 

4 

32,320 

1,208 

137 

3,439 

571 

1,335 

6,663 

1,310 

484 

69 

911 

13.266 

875 

120 

3.335 

3.261 

241 

829 

67 



1.156 
270 
454 



39 
217 



136 
242 
86 
33 
3 
53 



136 
5 



6,738 
5 



3 
2.564 



53 
2 

1,893 

475 
11 

17 



3 
110 



154 
9 



342 

160 

268 

78 



971 
107 



308 
18 



77 
658 
20 



2,144 
72 



48 
237 
46 



190 

5 

217 



145 
102 
36 



2,590 
18 



127 
3 



94 



TABLE 53. PERSONS NATURALIZED BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF FORMER ALLEGIANCE 

AND STATE OF RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1987— Continued 



State of residence 



Total . 



Alabama 

Alaska 

Arizona 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut 

Delaware 

District of Columbia 

Flonda 

Georgia 

Hawaii 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Kentucky 

Louisiana 

Maine 



Maryland 

Massachusetts ... 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi 

Missouri 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire . 



New Jersey 

New Mexico .... 

New York 

North Carolina 
North Dakota .. 

Ohio 

Oklahoma 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania .... 
Rhode Island ... 



South Carolina . 
South Dakota ... 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah 

Vermont 

Virginia 

Washington 

West Virginia .... 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming , 



U.S. possessions 



Guam 

Puerto Rico ... 
Virgin Islands 



Laos 



38 

30 

864 

67 

too 

2 



66 
102 



Not reported 



145 
3 



147 
30 
2 



53 
112 
123 

3 
2 
92 
129 
69 
5 
66 
118 

93 



Mexico 



12 

1,169 

16 

12,936 

212 

12 

3 

5 

94 

30 
23 
51 
1,827 
69 
10 
100 
9 
27 



140 
3 

30 

2 

109 

20 

2 

57 

34 

49 

23 

5 



6 
4,358 



21 
115 



Philippines Portugal 



25,296 

21 
114 
125 
52 
13,780 
100 
84 
30 
34 
241 

100 

2,306 

10 

1,090 

61 



266 
82 

252 
60 
35 

125 
21 



239 
26 
111 
351 
40 



66 
645 



414 
468 



360 

3 

233 



10 

1,197 

2 

2 



762 
246 



105 
421 



49 

6 

2,031 



200 
42 
32 



3 
2,330 



United 
Kingdom 



2 

612 

2,376 
4 

150 



473 
20 



12 
122 



Represents zero 



28 

7 

108 

30 
2,555 

74 
100 

24 

19 
253 



9 
179 



139 
239 

119 
60 



1.130 
43 
5 
135 
13 
50 
252 



301 
38 
11 
128 
116 
20 
32 



53 

19 

190 

135 

13,591 

258 

160 

8 

13 



184 
310 

12 
465 

72 

43 
415 

52 
431 



346 
455 
171 
249 
61 
253 

24 
108 



304 

869 
139 
16 
256 
162 
354 
1,027 
29 



2,213 
164 



72,582 

167 

157 

705 

133 

19,513 

616 

1,163 

135 

226 

2,823 

676 
451 

76 

3,619 

319 

50 
288 
237 
524 
189 

1,621 

1,832 

2,173 

481 

59 

499 

24 

49 

385 

156 

6,023 

2 

14,636 

473 

63 

1,607 

161 

392 

2,466 

407 

185 

20 

330 

2,955 

315 

63 

1,229 

824 

85 

259 

23 



95 



TABLE 54. PERSONS NATURALIZED BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF FORMER ALLEGIANCE 

AND SELECTED METROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREA OF RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1987 



Metropolitan statistical area' 



China, 
Mainland 



Dominican 
Republic 



Total 

Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA 

New York, NY 

San Francisco, CA 

Anaheim-Santa Ana, CA 

Chicago, IL 

San Jose. CA 

San Diego, CA 

Houston, TX 

Newark, NJ 

Oakland, CA 

Washington, DC-MD-VA 

Philadelphia, PA-NJ 

Miami-Hialeah, FL 

Honolulu, HI 

Bergen-Passaic, NJ 

Jersey City, NJ 

Boston. MA 

Detroit, Ml 

Nassau-Suffolk, NY 

Seattle, WA 

Riverside-San Bernardino. CA 

Dallas, TX 

Phoenix, AZ 

San Antonio, TX 

Middlesex-Somerset-Hunterdon, NJ 

Denver, CO 

Minneapolis-SL Paul, MN-WI 

Cleveland, OH 

Atlanta, GA 

Baltimore, MD 

Portland, OR 

Sacramento, CA 

Oxnard-Ventura, CA 

Providence, Rl 

Las Vegas. NV 

Lake County. IL 

New Orleans. LA 

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater. FL 

Tucson, AZ 

Orlando, FL 

Monmouth-Ocean, NJ 

Salt Lake City-Ogden, UT 

St. Louis, MO-IL 

Hartford. CT 

Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News, VA 

Rochester. NY 

Kansas City. MO-KS 

Salinas-Seaside-Monterey, CA 

Austin. TX 

Pittsburgh. PA 

Other MSAs 

Non-MSA 

See footnotes at end of table. 



227,008 

36,034 
26,593 
9,617 
8,536 
7,316 
6,739 
6,588 
5,776 
5,285 
5,251 

5,235 
4,871 
4.338 
3,548 
3,292 
3,285 
2.955 
2.744 
2.453 
2.042 

1.986 
1,768 
1,390 
1,385 
1,332 
1,298 
1,273 
1,248 
1,162 
1,149 

1,021 
1,010 
966 
910 
900 
867 
844 
844 
844 
820 

769 
769 
751 
719 
715 
672 
645 
643 
583 
558 

30.728 

13.941 



9.208 

1,417 

1,777 

1,554 

241 

155 

345 

79 

176 

118 

458 

164 
162 



76 
119 



343 
851 
40 



150 
269 



53 
257 



216 
109 



712 
403 



42 
2,172 

138 

1,229 

28 



230 
45 



564 
614 
109 
223 
492 
310 
37 
419 
285 
231 

345 
323 



216 
195 
103 
191 
156 



58 
101 

58 

9 

203 

38 



110 


13 


5 


14 


- 


93 


6 


31 



1,751 
578 



4,277 

1,145 
152 
161 
229 

46 
161 
150 
102 

27 
124 



585 
185 



2,262 



143 
174 
286 



83 
24 
179 



593 
216 



TABLE 54. PERSONS NATURALIZED BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF FORMER ALLEGIANCE 

AND SELECTED METROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREA OF RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1987— Continued 



Metropolitan statistical area' 



Philip- 
pines 



Portugal 



United 
Kingdom 



Total 

Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA 

New York. NY 

San Francisco, CA 

Anaheim-Santa Ana, CA 

Chicago, IL 

San Jose, CA 

San Diego, CA 

Houston, TX 

Newark, NJ 

Oakland, CA 

Washington, DC-MD-VA 

Philadelphia, PA-NJ 

Miami-Hialeah, FL 

Honolulu, HI 

Bergen-Passaic, NJ 

Jersey City, NJ 

Boston, MA 

Detroit, Ml 

Nassau-Suflolk, NY 

Seattle, WA 

Riverside-San Bernardino, CA 

Dallas, TX 

Phoenix, AZ 

San Antonio, TX 

Middlesex-Somerset-Hunterdon, NJ 

Denver, CO 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI 

Cleveland, OH 

Atlanta, GA 

Baltimore, MD 

Portland, OR 

Sacramento, CA 

Oxnard-Ventura, CA 

Providence, Rl 

Las Vegas, NV 

Lake County, IL 

New Orleans, LA 

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL 

Tucson, AZ 

Orlando, FL 

Monmouth-Ocean, NJ 

Salt Lake City-Ogden, UT 

St. Louis, MO-IL 

Hartford, CT 

Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News, VA 

Rochester, NY 

Kansas City, MO-KS 

Salinas-Seaside-Monterey, CA 

Austin, TX 

Pittsburgh, PA 

Other MSAs 

Non-MSA 



2 
55 
120 



104 
27 



1,000 



21,999 

6,548 
72 

312 

928 
1,499 

380 
1,928 

983 
10 

334 



561 
291 
385 
821 



103 

273 

4 

102 

109 

12 

22 

412 



220 

106 

3 

3,116 

1,949 



25,296 

4,915 
825 

2,152 
569 
833 

1,459 

1,761 
337 
303 

1,184 

293 
310 
40 
1,855 
241 
271 
59 
195 
133 
301 

264 
72 
73 
53 



139 
211 
31 
172 
120 
23 
48 



65 

21 

267 



2,171 
2,649 



252 

5 



1,304 
254 



917 
258 
242 
223 



452 
160 



1,669 

2,227 

334 

74 

247 

67 



475 
29 



770 
871 
693 
138 
103 
198 
129 
148 
86 
304 

150 
146 
59 



25.469 

4,312 
649 

1,388 

3,172 
278 

2,086 
925 

1,372 
115 
784 



749 
19 

307 
18 



172 
378 



206 
201 



31 


297 


54 


247 


44 


75 


32 


16 


37 


53 


25 


28 


23 


254 


33 


92 



20 
144 
108 
50 
58 
59 
102 
31 
128 
31 

3.323 

949 



' Metropolitan statistical areas defined by the Office of Management and Budget, June 30, 1986 and ranked by the number of persons naturalized. 
- Represents zero. 



97 



TABLE 55. PERSONS NATURALIZED BY MAJOR OCCUPATION GROUP 

AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF FORMER ALLEGIANCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1987 







Occupation 










Executive, 














No occu- 


Region and country of 


Total 




Profes- 


adminis- 




Adminis- 


Precision 


Operator, 


Farming, 




pation or 


former allegiance 


Total 


sional 


trative, 
and 


Sales 


trative 


produc- 
tion, craft. 


fabricator, 
and 


forestry, 
and 


Service 


not re- 
ported' 








specialty 


manage- 
rial 




support 


and repair 


laborer 


fishing 






All countries 


227,008 


132,528 


25,292 


11,376 


8,397 


24,235 


11,456 


18,830 


684 


32,258 


94,480 


Europe 


36,532 


21,836 


4,599 


1,964 


1,374 


3,860 


1,810 


3,195 


70 


4,964 


14,696 


Austria 


105 
148 
699 
975 
365 


65 
91 
463 
565 
185 


12 
23 
108 
126 
38 


11 
15 
44 
93 
21 


2 

11 
16 
73 
14 


8 
17 
57 
94 
26 


10 
5 
56 
20 
16 


8 
10 
66 
28 
23 


2 

1 


14 
10 
114 
130 
47 


40 


Belgium 


57 


Czechoslovakia 


236 


France 


410 


German Dem. Rep 


180 


Germany, Fed. Rep. ... 


1,950 


1,154 


198 


123 


91 


260 


125 


107 


- 


250 


796 


Greece 


2,083 
661 
813 

2,601 


1,133 
415 
501 

1.441 


152 
101 
138 
133 


128 
29 
36 

133 


90 
20 
21 
115 


158 
43 
111 
264 


86 
60 
37 
153 


140 
67 
48 

289 


1 
2 

3 


378 
93 
110 
351 


950 


Hungary 


246 


Ireland 


312 


Italy 


1,160 


Netherlands 


485 
2,731 
3,518 


316 
1,610 
2,428 


88 
354 
133 


36 
101 
67 


22 
90 
84 


63 
183 
329 


28 

137 
189 


22 

338 

1,037 


1 
3 
23 


56 
404 
566 


169 


Poland 


1,121 


Portugal 


1,090 


Romania 


1,909 

487 

225 

7,276 

7,102 


1,183 

281 

144 

4,160 

4,283 


311 

43 

41 

1,278 

1,090 


106 
28 
21 
360 
500 


44 

26 

14 

225 

324 


143 
41 
26 
847 
1,033 


135 
29 
10 
299 
269 


159 
42 
7 
309 
226 


3 

2 
4 
16 


282 
72 
23 
838 
825 


726 


Spain 


206 


Switzerland 


81 


U.S.S.R 


3.116 


United Kingdom 


2,819 


Yugoslavia 


1,495 


852 


102 


49 


53 


76 


99 


210 


3 


260 


643 


Other Europe 


904 


566 


130 


63 


39 


81 


47 


59 


6 


141 


338 


Asia 


113,392 


65,645 


14,171 


5,867 


3,986 


11,058 


5,309 


8,429 


254 


16,571 


47,747 


Afghanistan 


528 


325 


86 


29 


29 


50 


16 


26 


2 


87 


203 


Bangladesh 


334 
634 


175 
384 


71 
74 


19 
22 


11 
23 


22 

105 


3 
34 


9 
40 


- 


40 
86 


159 


Burma 


250 


Cambodia 


2,816 


1,643 


205 


89 


71 


218 


153 


389 


3 


515 


1,173 


China Mainland 


9,206 


5,250 


839 


566 


293 


935 


423 


466 


7 


1,721 


3,956 


Cyprus 


163 


90 


13 


11 


2 


19 


4 


7 


- 


34 


73 


India 


8,659 


5,191 


2,161 


568 


261 


762 


186 


452 


15 


786 


3,468 


Indonesia 


425 


275 


66 


42 


10 


65 


14 


25 


- 


53 


150 


Iran 


4,277 


2,969 


1,075 


545 


252 


365 


120 


103 


5 


504 


1,308 


Iraq 


1,316 


754 


93 


122 


151 


103 


43 


81 


1 


160 


562 


Israel 


1,740 


1,031 


274 


166 


155 


122 


63 


62 


1 


188 


709 


Japan 


752 


379 


62 


56 


29 


64 


29 


34 


2 


103 


373 


Jordan 


1,700 


893 


121 


166 


139 


70 


44 


73 


- 


280 


807 


Korea 


14,233 


5,722 


719 


1,029 


650 


843 


388 


506 


15 


1,572 


8,511 


Laos 


3,159 


2,010 


183 


34 


58 


ia6 


263 


771 


12 


503 


1,149 


Lebanon 


2,350 


1,322 


283 


207 


160 


206 


88 


72 


1 


305 


1,028 


Malaysia 


336 


217 


74 


33 


12 


40 


7 


6 


1 


44 


119 


Pakistan 


1,976 


1,145 


328 


196 


80 


188 


47 


78 


7 


221 


831 


Philippines 


25,296 


16,923 


3,702 


693 


776 


3,726 


1,397 


2,347 


140 


4,142 


8,373 


Singapore 


155 


94 


21 


11 


5 


27 


4 


6 


- 


20 


61 


Sri Lanka 


236 


161 


66 


20 


6 


29 


9 


8 


- 


23 


75 


Syria 


890 


490 


107 


73 


43 


64 


35 


50 


- 


118 


400 


Taiwan 


4,033 


2,428 


818 


375 


150 


493 


55 


55 


4 


478 


1,605 


Thailand 


1,327 


850 


171 


91 


49 


126 


64 


62 


- 


287 


477 


Turkey 


980 


584 


176 


78 


52 


73 


43 


60 


- 


102 


396 


Vietnam 


25,469 


14,159 


2,361 


607 


494 


2,131 


1,769 


2,605 


37 


4,155 


11,310 


Other Asia 


400 


181 


22 


19 


25 


26 


8 


36 


1 


44 


219 


Africa 


5,956 


3,858 


1,053 


523 


317 


672 


178 


361 


7 


747 


2,098 


Egypt 


1,731 


1,056 


305 


139 


86 


169 


41 


91 


3 


222 


675 


Ethiopia 


714 
434 
197 


463 
298 
125 


78 
82 

41 


48 

17 
18 


36 

15 

e 


83 
52 
32 


21 
23 
3 


54 
39 
9 


" 


143 
70 
14 


251 


Ghana 


136 


Kenya 


72 


Morocco 


239 
159 


159 
123 


30 
57 


27 
13 


26 

7 


22 
13 


11 
9 


6 
6 


1 


36 
18 


80 


Nigeria 


36 







See footnotes at end of table. 



98 



TABLE 55. PERSONS NATURALIZED BY MAJOR OCCUPATION GROUP 

AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF FORMER ALLEGIANCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1987— Continued 



Region and country of 
former allegiance 



Occupation 



Profes- 
sional 
specialty 



Executive, 
adminis- 
trative, 

and 
manage- 
rial 



Adminis- 
trative 
support 



Precision 
produc- 
tion, craft, 
and repair 



Operator, 

fabricator, 

and 

laborer 



Farming, 
forestry, 

and 
fishing 



No occu- 
pation or 
not re- 
ported' 



South Africa . 

Sudan 

Tanzania 

Other Africa . 



Oceania 

Australia 

Fiji 

Other Oceania . 



North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Antigua-Barbuda 

Barbados 

Cuba 

Dominica 

Dominican Republic 

Grenada 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

Trinidad & Tobago .. 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 



South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Peru 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Other South America . 



U.S. possessions 

Stateless 

Not reported 



142 
1,411 

902 

115 
377 
410 

54,794 

2,919 
21,999 
21,751 

205 

794 
6,738 

266 
4,257 

290 
1,936 
5,196 
1,427 

642 
8,125 

316 

658 
2,428 
1,490 

964 
1,118 
1.151 

13,945 

1,194 

401 

466 

955 

4.006 

1,519 

2,694 

1,844 

379 

373 

114 

3 

287 

1,197 



559 
28 



276 
257 

32,275 

1.857 

13.308 

12,506 

140 

457 

4,128 
155 

2.064 
131 
998 

3,213 
832 
388 

4,604 
211 
340 

1,394 
878 
461 
662 
658 

7,585 

735 

258 

228 

507 

1,995 

837 

1,470 

1,072 

205 

224 

54 



213 
510 



184 

7 



89 

22 
32 
35 

3,965 

535 

1,135 

1,698 

20 

72 

381 



174 
639 
143 

51 
597 

42 

39 
145 
110 

51 
109 
101 

1,240 

145 
55 
34 
100 
315 
94 
227 
175 
22 



129 



14 

2,243 

271 

796 

879 
9 
33 

349 
7 

117 

8 

44 

207 
80 
25 

297 
13 
26 
90 
63 



63 
165 
70 
132 
79 
14 
22 
2 



19 

2,084 

153 
735 
953 
13 
19 
458 



43 

22 

243 

6 



552 

59 
14 



147 
51 
90 
81 
19 
26 
5 



65 
50 

6,584 

309 
2,069 
3,080 

24 
173 
997 

34 
372 

42 
240 
848 
269 

81 
1,126 

59 

75 
332 
179 
101 
169 
211 

1,814 

114 
58 
48 
108 
434 
202 
493 
261 
36 



28 
35 

3,407 

137 

1,523 

1,237 

25 

38 

403 
20 

249 
13 
67 

283 
87 
52 

510 
24 
42 

144 
84 



28 

152 
72 
120 



87 

6 
46 
35 

5,633 

168 

2.920 

2,028 

14 

30 

832 

28 

523 

6 

181 

273 



517 

17 
47 
163 
114 
92 
48 



1,039 
83 
22 
37 
45 
341 
152 
162 
132 
50 



8,026 

273 
3.847 
2,601 

34 

92 
691 

31 
455 

30 
254 
790 
137 

87 
1,305 

50 

90 
457 
287 
122 
166 
133 



1,634 



121 
438 
194 
246 
255 
42 
39 



39 
127 



' Includes homemakers. students, unemployed or retired persons, and others not reporting or with an unltnown occupation. 
- Represents zero. 



99 



TABLE 56. PERSONS NATURALIZED IN FISCAL YEAR 1987 BY CALENDAR YEAR OF ENTRY 
AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 



Region and country 
of birth 


Total 


1987 
and 
1986 


1985 


1984 


1983 


1982 


1981 


1980 


1979 


1978 


1977 


1976 


1975 


Before 
1975 


Un- 
known 
or not 

re- 
ported 




227,008 

32,860 

95 

147 

702 

765 

324 

1,931 

2,086 

661 

809 

2,598 

407 

2,747 

3,397 

1,935 

484 

225 

7,532 

3,712 

1,507 

796 

117,612 

527 

349 

644 

2,824 

9,195 

166 

3,301 

8,674 

425 

4,296 

1,325 

1,737 

753 

1,686 

14,651 

3,188 

2,368 

350 

1,966 

25,332 

153 

225 

931 

4,080 

1,338 

975 

25,636 

517 

5,976 

198 
1,747 
709 
437 
210 
245 
164 
874 
145 


1,769 
99 

1 

6 
2 
9 
14 

2 
8 

8 
8 
4 
6 
1 
11 
12 
5 
2 

1,168 

1 

8 

1 

5 

36 

2 

25 

43 

1 

1 

3 

16 

18 

4 

445 

8 

12 

1 

4 

398 

1 

1 

3 

41 

12 

10 

32 

36 

25 

1 
3 
2 
3 
1 
1 
2 
6 
1 


2,706 
82 

16 
4 
3 
9 
3 

10 
8 
2 

1 
9 

7 
5 

2,140 

2 

2 
16 
1 
8 
89 
2 
5 
1 
3 
16 
10 
1.503 
4 
4 

10 
373 

1 

2 

19 
10 
5 
19 
35 

4 

2 


2,912 

199 

1 
5 
6 
1 

23 

21 
2 
4 

22 
3 

27 
9 

14 
5 

20 
23 
9 
4 

2,122 

1 

7 

2 

5 

93 

4 

63 

85 

5 

52 

12 

32 

11 

32 

897 

9 

60 

6 

27 

570 

1 
18 
53 
16 

9 
34 
18 

75 

33 
6 

1 

3 
5 
8 


7,535 

631 

2 
5 
13 
33 
3 
39 
67 
12 
23 
50 
16 
77 
21 
50 
11 
12 
43 
105 
32 
17 

4,989 

3 

22 

18 

7 

375 

7 

250 

161 

22 

325 

44 

113 

18 

110 

749 

4 

184 

24 

98 

2,010 

6 

8 

54 

180 

42 

43 

71 

41 

312 

4 
114 

7 
23 

6 
29 
12 
31 

5 


10,567 
1,068 

9 
38 
26 

2 

53 
63 
41 
30 
39 
7 

206 
23 

181 
23 
11 

119 

118 
30 
49 

7,179 

48 
23 
25 
75 

743 
13 

258 

413 
25 

380 
57 

145 
15 

114 

743 
38 

143 
30 

139 
2,201 
13 
20 
63 

618 
65 
50 

688 
34 

400 

5 
119 
56 
18 
12 
26 
18 
39 
7 


42,462 

4,701 

3 

12 

266 

70 

29 

78 

201 

134 

38 

91 

34 

664 

189 

668 

39 

23 

1,652 

308 

115 

87 

29,371 

279 

117 

219 

1,434 

2,649 

25 

734 

2,028 

91 

1,071 

315 

423 

61 

406 

2,500 

667 

589 

88 

537 

6,915 

43 

56 

251 

1,322 

189 

175 

6,076 

111 

1,539 

35 

477 

302 

76 

58 

49 

32 

208 

42 


38,067 

4,555 

2 
8 

143 
59 
27 
64 

170 
86 
40 

111 
14 

331 

334 

480 

27 

19 

2,168 

311 
87 
74 

24,148 

124 

79 

159 

642 

1,990 

25 

414 

1,764 

53 

814 

362 

295 

48 

267 

2,013 

1,157 

388 

54 

425 

3,921 

24 

22 

169 

706 

141 

131 

7,899 

62 

1,196 

31 
366 
176 
93 
45 
29 
29 
171 
36 


23,023 

3,556 

3 

4 

54 

53 

13 

57 

119 

47 

39 

90 

17 

202 

155 

184 

31 

10 

2,066 

275 

78 

59 

14,332 

24 

27 

72 

367 

1,023 

8 

231 

811 

47 
517 
161 
190 

43 
175 
1,340 
673 
289 

46 

167 

2,053 

14 

22 
100 
320 
117 

99 
5,361 

35 

639 

19 
202 
41 
61 
25 
26 
18 
119 
15 


14,582 

1,985 

2 

8 

31 

42 

8 

66 

143 

38 

28 

98 

17 

147 

260 

102 

21 

13 

607 

223 

91 

40 

7,200 

16 
18 
48 
45 

499 
8 

193 

702 
28 

363 
70 

127 
34 

123 
1,082 

259 

237 
38 

174 
1,556 
18 
24 
90 

294 

112 
45 

965 
32 

513 

24 
155 
43 
34 
14 
18 
12 
98 
9 


10,157 

1,278 

1 

6 

8 

24 

10 

57 

130 

17 

33 

59 

20 

101 

203 

62 

27 

8 

266 

179 

53 

14 

4,666 

6 
11 
38 
8 

313 
12 

183 

525 
26 

214 
76 
86 
39 
99 

925 
16 

127 
15 

100 

1,102 

8 

19 

45 

201 
87 
33 

332 
20 

300 

21 
78 

12 
22 

7 
14 

6 
63 

7 


7,773 

1,046 

1 

5 

7 

29 

6 

57 

118 

14 

28 

63 

10 

87 

202 

30 

11 

8 

166 

134 

53 

17 

3,805 

5 

13 

14 

34 

261 

10 

134 

363 

10 

121 

70 

67 

28 

61 

746 

293 

124 

13 

55 

885 

6 

9 

39 

102 

120 

39 

164 

19 

183 

18 
29 
14 
18 
10 
2 
6 
24 
6 


9,701 

904 

3 

5 

7 

30 

4 

33 

88 

11 

14 

91 

8 

69 

206 

25 

19 

8 

102 

101 

67 

13 

6,115 

5 

7 

6 

180 

197 

19 

146 

266 

4 

66 

39 

38 

32 

57 

553 

39 

43 

6 

57 

619 

3 

14 

20 

65 

104 

32 

3,485 

13 

137 

8 
21 
16 
8 
2 
7 
4 
28 
3 


54,368 

12,404 

77 
80 
119 
372 
210 

1,339 
939 
246 
512 

1,850 
257 
786 

1,765 
108 
262 
108 
223 

1,881 
866 
404 

9,837 

15 

14 

42 

15 

968 

32 

651 

1,400 

111 

341 

103 

197 

385 

223 

1,137 

11 

162 

28 

154 

2,638 

16 

29 

71 

144 

314 

301 

275 

60 

626 

31 
144 
24 
78 
29 
40 
19 
78 
14 


1,386 




352 








2 




10 


France 

German Dem. Rep 

GerrT\any, Fed. Rep. ... 


14 
8 

40 
9 




10 




9 


Italy 


23 




4 




32 




14 




25 




2 




3 


USSR 


80 




35 




16 




16 


Asia 


540 








1 




_ 




5 




32 








11 




24 








26 




12 


Israel 


5 




5 




5 




18 




10 




6 




1 




19 




91 








_ 




6 




15 




9 




3 




235 




1 


Africa 


27 


Cape Verde 


1 




4 




10 


Ghana 


2 




1 




1 


Nigeria 


1 




1 




_ 







100 



TABLE 56. PERSONS NATURALIZED IN FISCAL YEAR 1987 BY CALENDAR YEAR OF ENTRY 
AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH— Continued 



Region and country 
of birth 


Total 


1987 
and 
1986 


1985 


1984 


1983 


1982 


1981 


1980 


1979 


1978 


1977 


1976 


1975 


Before 
1975 


Un- 
known 
or not 

re- 
ported 




1.247 

1,144 

108 
382 
654 

55,123 

2.868 
22.039 
22,027 

206 
769 

6.784 
267 

4.247 
292 

1,944 

5,204 
175 
222 

209 
1.435 

273 
8,158 

322 

663 
2,443 
1,496 

957 

1.122 

1.155 

31 

14,000 

1.203 

404 

470 

968 

4,018 

1,523 

2,640 

1,845 

85 

382 

369 

93 

293 


5 

14 

1 

13 

315 

16 
83 
49 

1 
15 

1 
11 

7 
10 

3 

1 

167 

2 
9 
23 
21 
34 
2 
76 

146 

6 

4 

17 

26 

40 

8 

5 

27 

1 

2 

3 

7 

2 


2 
5 

5 

239 

10 
34 
35 

22 

1 
6 

1 
5 

160 

15 
64 
32 
40 

9 

232 

2 

3 

40 

49 

118 

3 

2 

9 

1 
1 
4 

4 


19 
5 

5 

277 

13 
68 
65 

2 
19 

14 
2 
9 

11 

6 

2 

131 

4 
7 
59 
18 
24 
8 
11 

230 

9 
3 
30 
44 
92 
9 
15 
19 

3 
5 
1 

4 


81 

38 

2 
13 
23 

1,052 

57 
447 
239 

10 
7 

30 
6 

50 
4 

42 

59 
5 
3 

5 

10 

8 

306 

11 
21 
104 
52 
38 
49 
31 
3 

504 

34 

21 

14 

41 

171 

26 

54 

104 

1 

7 

27 

4 

9 


100 

42 

2 

15 
25 

1,330 

58 
479 
427 

19 
16 
50 

7 
85 

5 

66 

133 

13 

2 

4 

20 

7 

365 

27 

21 
112 
48 
43 
64 
50 
1 

541 

37 
21 
11 
48 

127 
30 

132 

80 

2 

18 

32 

3 

7 


260 

168 

8 

90 
70 

4,868 

151 

1,607 

1,978 

33 

91 

283 
41 

376 
39 

241 

660 
31 
40 

30 

90 

23 

1,129 

66 
42 
366 
158 
120 
208 
169 
3 

1,780 

96 

54 

31 

70 

334 

102 

716 

273 

6 

43 

46 

9 

35 


220 

103 

4 
57 
42 

6,197 

149 

1,161 

3,865 

29 

112 

1,869 

28 

474 

59 

247 

762 

29 

50 

52 
129 

25 
1,021 

36 

45 
350 
185 
128 
131 
146 
1 

1,827 

116 

32 

32 

107 

388 

129 

663 

249 

21 

52 

26 

12 

41 


113 

108 

4 
46 
58 

3,204 

134 

769 

1,662 

19 

78 

252 

50 

258 

33 

188 

558 

18 

59 

15 
115 

19 
633 

31 

29 
175 
118 

81 
107 

92 
6 

1,118 

101 
27 
25 
59 

289 
87 

303 

154 
12 
34 
18 
9 

66 


106 

88 

8 
32 
48 

3,662 

132 
1,502 
1,423 
29 
86 
77 
27 

266 
37 

141 

571 
20 
23 

21 
96 
29 

601 
36 
28 

214 
94 
63 
73 
93 
4 

1,113 

67 

38 

40 

93 

303 

90 

243 

173 

9 

29 

22 

6 

21 


70 

83 

7 
37 
39 

2,743 

149 

792 

1,183 

19 

78 

97 

22 

197 

36 

128 

393 

16 

18 

24 

130 

25 

617 

19 

44 

213 

135 

42 

83 

81 

2 

1,075 

104 

30 

30 

110 

265 

127 

154 

167 

8 

47 

18 

15 

12 


56 

47 

3 
14 
30 

2,150 

64 

1.034 

777 

7 

42 

129 

14 

141 

17 

106 

205 

7 

5 

7 

80 

17 

274 

9 
19 
88 
59 
32 
26 
41 

1 

532 

66 

24 

15 

66 

100 

65 

72 

85 

4 

22 

9 

4 

10 


40 

61 

1 
26 
34 

2,034 

62 
921 
842 

7 
45 
174 

3 

208 

16 

106 

146 

6 

5 

11 

103 

12 

208 

7 

26 

66 

42 

27 

14 

26 

1 

440 

36 
19 
11 
24 
135 
67 
58 
60 

4 
10 
13 

3 

10 


169 

368 

66 
52 
250 

26,652 

1,842 

12,849 

9,433 

33 

209 

3,744 

67 

2,156 

44 

657 

1,684 

30 

16 

40 

648 

105 

2,519 

73 
354 
606 
529 
282 
349 
326 
9 

4,415 

524 
128 
171 
226 
1.643 
773 
223 
438 

17 
111 
146 

15 

66 


6 




14 




2 


Fiji 






12 




400 




31 




293 




49 


Antigua-Barbuda 


1 
2 




23 






Dominican Republic . 


5 


Haiti 


5 




7 


St. Kitts-Nevis 


_ 




1 


St. Vincent & 

Grenadines 

Tnnidad & Tobago ... 

Other Canbbean 

Central America 

Belize 


5 

27 

1 
3 




3 




5 




3 




8 




4 


Other North America .. 


47 




5 




_ 




3 


Chile 


5 




13 




7 




_ 




7 




_ 




3 




3 


Other South America .. 
Not reported 


1 
6 



Represents zero 



101 



TABLE 57. PERSONS NATURALIZED BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF FORMER NATIONALITY, AGE, AND SEX 

FISCAL YEAR 1987 



Age and sex 



countries 



China, 
Mainland 



Dominican 
Republic 



Total 

Under 18 years 

18-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over . 
Not reported 

Male 

Under 18 years 

18-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

0-34 years 

5-39 years 

0-44 years 

5-49 years 

0-54 years 

5-59 years 

0-64 years 

5-69 years 

0-74 years 

. 5-79 years 

80 years and over . 
Not reported 



Female 

Under 18 years 

8-19 years 

0-24 years 

5-29 years 

0-34 years 

5-39 years 

1-44 years 

5-49 years 

0-54 years 

5-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over . 
Not reported 



20-; 



30-; 



40-' 



50-! 



Not reported 



Percent distribution . 

Male 

Female 

Not reported 



Median age 

Male , 

Female 

Not reported 



227,008 

7,701 

6,065 

30,919 

37,886 

40,829 

33,857 

21,757 

14.426 

10,631 

7,689 

6.296 

4,215 

2,603 

1,351 

778 

5 

109,548 

3,253 

2,702 

14.945 

18.649 

19.852 

16,705 

10,523 

6,966 

5,147 

3,628 

2,973 

1,975 

1,236 

617 

374 

3 

108,583 

3,972 

3,206 

14,930 

17,914 

19,494 

15.750 

10.283 

6.783 

5.008 

3,757 

3,076 

2,088 

1.274 

678 

369 



8,877 

100.0 

48.3 
47.8 
3.9 

33.8 

33.9 
33.7 
34.9 



9,208 

88 

228 

926 

1.018 

1.587 

1.736 

920 

524 

494 

445 

461 

365 

261 

100 

55 



4,292 

42 
109 
409 
387 
631 
855 
416 
263 
278 
239 
224 
198 
144 

59 



38 



4,590 

41 
115 
489 
592 
898 
811 
459 
249 
196 
194 
222 
163 
108 
37 
16 



326 

100.0 

46.6 
49.8 
3.5 

37.2 

38.4 
36.0 
37.3 



4,006 

371 
71 
522 
640 
535 
527 
478 
339 
208 
147 



1,643 

174 
32 
242 
306 
210 
189 
172 
124 



2,025 

159 
33 
242 
285 
285 
295 
262 
183 
111 



73 



338 

100.0 

41.0 
50.5 
8.4 

33.6 

31.4 
35.1 
34.2 



6,738 

17 

102 

1.224 

1.120 

787 

662 

611 

561 

474 

382 

307 

229 

153 

64 

45 



3,427 

3 
39 
581 
583 
448 
376 
348 
280 
224 
187 
138 
103 



562 
462 
306 
259 
228 
246 
214 
166 
147 
111 



100.0 

50.9 
43.2 
6.0 

35.7 

35.6 
35.9 
35.3 



4,257 

44 
84 
677 
913 
826 
525 
299 
190 
217 
193 
140 



1,609 

20 

25 

247 

349 

316 

206 

131 

75 

63 

83 

45 



2,322 

17 

53 
386 
498 
436 
272 
142 

93 
142 
103 

90 



100.0 

37.8 
54.5 
7.7 

32.4 

32.6 
32.2 
32.8 



8,659 

393 

263 

915 

1.187 

1,837 

1,706 

1,167 

576 

312 

141 

88 

34 



4,571 

153 



422 
498 
949 
987 
687 
361 
219 
92 



1 

3,474 

217 
140 
425 
594 
757 
605 
396 
175 
71 



34 



100.0 

52.8 

40.1 

7.1 

34.3 

35.7 
32.5 
34.2 



4,277 

31 

52 

298 

878 

1,143 

745 

429 

258 

155 

113 

81 

42 



2,921 

12 
28 
159 
622 
873 
528 
276 
152 
98 
62 



1,273 

18 
23 
136 
239 
245 
205 
145 



83 

100.0 

68.3 

29.8 

1.9 

33.9 

33.7 
34.3 
34.0 



5,196 

32 
75 
634 
801 
791 
714 
663 
444 
341 
258 
206 
133 



1,958 

11 
39 
286 
297 
290 
229 
254 



2,928 

15 

33 

312 

460 

456 

439 

366 

225 

199 

154 

122 

83 

27 

23 



100.0 

37.7 
56.4 
6.0 

36.8 

36.1 
37.1 
37.3 



102 



TABLE 57. PERSONS NATURALIZED BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF FORMER NATIONALITY, AGE. AND SEX 

FISCAL YEAR 1987— Continued 



Age and sex 



Total 

Under 18 years 

18-19 years 

0-24 years 

5-29 years 

0-34 years 

5-39 years 

0-44 years 

5-49 years 

0-54 years 

5-59 years 

0-64 years 

5-69 years 

0-74 years 

5-79 years 

80 years and over . 
Not reported 



Male 

Under 18 years 



25-: 
30-; 
35-; 

40-' 
45- 
50-1 
55-1 
60-( 
65-1 
70- 
75- 



19 years . 
20-24 years 



i-29 years 

)-34 years 

)-39 years 

)-44 years 

3-49 years 

)-54 years 

j-59 years 

)-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over . 
Not reported 

Female 

Under 18 years 

18-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over .. 
Not reported 



Not reported 



Percent distribution . 

Male 

Female 

Not reported 



Median age .... 

Male 

Female 

Not reported 



3,159 

52 

142 

773 

786 

540 

407 

222 

122 

73 

25 

8 

3 

5 



1,875 

31 
61 
388 
482 
345 
269 
143 
74 
56 
19 



52 

100.0 

59.4 

39.0 

1.6 

28.6 

29.7 
27.4 
27.2 



21,999 

280 

643 

3,784 

4,355 

3,880 

2,910 

1.867 

1,116 

1,062 

808 

591 

336 

177 

99 

91 



10,640 

141 

185 

1,404 

2,114 

2,115 

1,560 

962 

529 

521 

404 

331 

193 

94 

42 

45 



Philippines 



1,232 


11,155 


21 


133 


80 


450 


370 


2,342 


283 


2,205 


190 


1,733 


134 


1,322 


76 


889 


45 


577 


17 


534 


6 


393 


5 


257 


2 


137 



100.0 

48.4 
50.7 



32.4 

33.5 
31.2 
32.6 



25,296 

716 

370 

1,902 

3,505 

4,783 

3,739 

2,350 

1,535 

1,078 

1,072 

1,415 

1,309 

880 

461 

179 

2 

10,142 

381 
171 
886 
1,349 
1,675 
1,331 
874 
631 
415 
416 
664 
607 
416 
224 
102 



14,586 

323 

194 

984 

2,099 

3,006 

2,299 

1,402 

865 

642 

647 

729 

666 

434 

221 



Portugal 



100.0 

40.1 
57.7 
2.2 

36.7 

37.2 
36.3 
38.4 



3,518 

84 
118 
635 
684 
533 
455 
293 
188 
202 
152 
92 
45 
26 



1,600 

37 
36 
263 
302 
257 
205 
150 
81 
106 
79 
43 
26 



1,747 

42 
75 
343 
362 
257 
215 
128 



171 

100.0 

45.5 
49.7 
4.9 

32.1 

33.0 
31.0 
35.7 



4,033 

89 

145 
446 
438 
1,276 
1,129 
221 
115 
67 
41 
26 



1,803 
46 
65 
208 
132 
512 
593 
98 



2,133 

41 
78 
223 
299 
741 
506 
121 



100.0 

44.7 
52.9 
2.4 

33.7 
34.3 
33.1 
34.3 



7,276 

29 
158 
733 
679 
829 
1,137 



846 
624 
434 
376 
238 
179 
107 



3,206 



369 
314 
362 
498 
386 
367 
308 
193 
130 



3,623 

17 
89 
321 
337 
410 
560 
424 
424 
281 
216 
217 
145 
107 
53 



100.0 

44.1 
49.8 
6.1 

40.4 

39.8 
40.8 
40.9 



United 
Kingdom 



- Represents zero. 



7,102 

97 

260 

1,336 

1,178 

1,019 

906 

672 

581 

414 

270 

182 

82 

50 

27 



121 
681 
551 
481 
463 
279 
233 
188 
113 



3,580 

44 
136 
620 
601 
505 
424 
368 
323 
212 
149 

98 



212 

100.0 

46.6 
50.4 
3.0 

33.2 

32.8 
33.7 
358 



25,469 

289 

1,299 

6,282 

5,918 

4,639 

3,187 

1,601 

977 

585 

369 

174 

72 

40 



15,279 

141 

651 

3,671 

3,765 

2.729 

1,853 

962 

613 

400 

262 

124 

55 

29 

11 

13 



9,729 

144 

636 

2,505 

2,046 

1,821 

1,263 

610 

344 

172 

104 

45 

16 

10 

8 



461 

100.0 

60.0 

38.2 

1.8 

29.1 

29.2 
28.8 
30.1 



72,582 

1,997 

1,555 

8,053 

11,583 

13,181 

11,846 

8,150 

5,401 

3,907 

2,668 

1,944 

1,109 

620 

343 

223 



35,623 

923 

716 

3,905 

5,892 

6,803 

5,964 

3,942 

2,555 

1,798 

1,210 

910 

488 

283 

145 

87 



33,313 

924 

772 

3,782 

5,125 

5,752 

5,278 

3,806 

2,552 

1,903 

1,317 

936 

564 

307 

178 

117 



100.0 

49.1 
45.9 
5.0 

35.0 

34.7 
35.3 
35.5 



103 



TABLE 58. PERSONS NATURALIZED BY AGE AND SEX 
FISCAL YEARS 1978-87 



Age and sex 



1978 



1979 



1980 



1981 



1982 



1983 



1984 



1985 



1986 



Total 

Under 18 years 

18-19 years 

20-24 years 

5-29 years 

0-34 years 

5-39 years 

0-44 years 

5-49 years 

0-54 years 

5-59 years 

0-64 years 

5-69 years 

0-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over 
Not reported 



Male 

Under 18 years , 

18-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over 
Not reported 



Female 

Under 18 years 



-19 years. 

-24 years . 

-29 years . 

1-34 years 

-39 years 

1-44 years 

1-49 years 

1-54 years 

-59 years 

-64 years 

-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over 
Not reported 



Not reported 



Median age 

Male 

Female 

Not reported . 



173,535 

8,355 

4,711 

17,586 

21,983 

32,294 

29,699 

20,808 

13,444 

9,614 

6,355 

3,758 

2,674 

1,286 

638 

330 



78,746 

3,724 

2,240 

8,323 

9,184 

13,373 

13,908 

10,021 

6,511 

4,457 

2,957 

1,679 

1,277 

621 

315 

156 



94,789 

4.631 

2,471 

9,263 

12,799 

18,921 

15,791 

10,787 

6,933 

5,157 

3,398 

2,079 

1,397 

665 

323 

174 



35.3 

35.9 
34.8 



164,150 

9.858 

4,367 

17,406 

22,179 

29,974 

26,025 

18,592 

12,296 

8,718 

5,851 

3,591 

2,690 

1,472 

718 

413 



74,706 

4,348 
2,112 
8,265 
9,662 
12,800 
12,007 
8,779 
5,750 
4,100 
2,712 
1,630 
1,275 
709 
368 
189 



89,444 

5,510 

2,255 

9,141 

12,517 

17,174 

14,018 

9,813 

6,546 

4,618 

3.139 

1.961 

1.415 

763 

350 

224 



34.7 

35.1 
34.5 



157,938 

9.801 

3,012 

16,293 

20,634 

28,624 

24,031 

17,841 

11,807 

8,786 

6,302 

4,054 

3,156 

1,924 

1,096 

577 



70,653 

4,144 

1,385 

7,365 

8,732 

12,045 

10,929 

8,479 

5,642 

3,996 

2,908 

1,878 

1.461 

935 

495 

259 



87,285 

5,657 

1,627 

8,928 

11,902 

16,579 

13,102 

9,362 

6,165 

4,790 

3,394 

2,176 

1.695 

989 

601 

318 



35.2 

35.7 
34.8 



166,317 

7,951 

3,231 

18,081 

23,173 

30,074 

25,398 

18,659 

12,732 

9,255 

6,604 

4,421 

3,198 

1,901 

1,072 

567 



75,567 

3,422 

1,431 

8,289 

10,274 

13,174 

11,710 

8,730 

6.040 

4,367 

2.985 

2,032 

1,465 

848 

516 

284 



90,750 

4.529 
1.800 
9,792 
12,899 
16,900 
13.688 
9,929 
6,692 
4,888 
3,619 
2,389 
1,733 
1,053 
556 
283 



35.1 

35.4 
34.9 



173,688 

7,611 

3,138 

20,040 

25,035 

31,942 

27,335 

18,792 

12,828 

9,108 

6,659 

4,602 

3,032 

2.047 

1,005 

514 



79,392 

3,256 
1,491 
9.262 
1 1 ,242 
14,081 
12,608 
8,826 
6,107 
4,323 
3,088 
2,092 
1,404 
935 
439 
238 



94,295 

4,355 

1,647 

10,778 

13,793 

17,861 

14,726 

9,966 

6,721 

4.785 

3,571 

2,510 

1,628 

1,112 

566 

276 



34.9 

35.1 
34.7 
38.0 



176,948 

7,031 

3,233 

21,706 

26,327 

32,832 

28,581 

18,613 

13,025 

9,091 

6,735 

4,885 

3,193 

2.120 

974 

567 

35 

83,446 

3,009 

1,521 

10,380 

11,828 

14,774 

13,644 

8,877 

6,316 

4,311 

3,147 

2,357 

1,499 

1.041 

455 

273 

14 

95,344 

4,014 

1,711 

1 1 ,309 

14.483 

18,040 

14,904 

9,725 

6,700 

4,774 

3,578 

2,521 

1.687 

1,078 

515 

292 

13 

158 

34.8 

35.0 
34.5 
38.0 



197,023 

8,198 

3.809 

24,677 

28,883 

33,283 

30,373 

20.268 

15,041 

10.517 

7,994 

5.998 

3.683 

2,446 

1,203 

562 



92,416 

3,491 

1,788 

1 1 .684 

13.270 

15,000 

14,510 

9,643 

7,278 

5,199 

3,758 

2,937 

1.756 

1.168 

605 

288 

41 

104,228 

4.694 
2,009 
12.953 
15,541 
18,229 
15.812 
10,582 
7,737 
5,303 
4,215 
3,049 
1,921 
1,274 
594 
272 
43 

379 

34.9 

35.3 
34.7 
34.9 



244,717 

9,470 

5,511 

31,526 

37.789 

42.292 

37.595 

23,463 

17,847 

12,419 

9,627 

7,355 

4,632 

2,977 

1.524 

680 

10 

115,114 

4,003 

2.474 

15.199 

17.717 

19,609 

18,090 

11,105 

8,651 

5,891 

4,457 

3,366 

2,131 

1,336 

742 

337 



124,425 

5,344 

2.919 

15,823 

19.444 

21.899 

18.777 

11,856 

8,766 

6,186 

4,892 

3,734 

2,301 

1,493 

688 

301 



5,178 

34.5 

34.6 
34.3 
37.9 



280,623 

10,440 

7,380 

38.736 

46.155 

49.878 

41,401 

26,000 

18,630 

13,387 

9,965 

7,781 

5,149 

3,262 

1,646 

807 



133,982 

4.527 

3.301 

18.578 

22.340 

23.575 

20,201 

12,567 

8,995 

6,423 

4.778 

3,557 

2,420 

1,515 

817 

386 



140,087 

5,717 

3,982 

19,364 

22.894 

25.179 

20,211 

12.733 

9,095 

6.576 

4.923 

4,024 

2,589 

1,650 

770 

377 

3 

6,554 

33.8 

33.9 
33.6 
35.7 



Represents zero. 



104 



TABLES 59-72 



ENFORCEMENT 



TABLE 59. ALIENS APPREHENDED, DEPORTED, AND REQUIRED TO DEPART 
FISCAL YEARS 1892-1987 



Apprehended' 



Aliens expelled 



Deported 



Required to depart' 



23,932,955 

NA 
NA 

NA 

128,484 

147.457 

1.377,210 

3,598,949 

509.040 

543,535 

885.587 

1.089.583 

254,096 

87,696 

59,918 

53,474 

45,336 

70,684 

1,608,356 

88,823 
92,758 
88,712 
86,597 
110,371 
138,520 
161,608 
212,057 
283,557 
345,353 

8,321,498 

420,126 

505,949 

655,968 

788.145 

766,600 

875,915 

221,824 

1,042.215 

1,057,977 

1,076,418 

910.361 

8,751,001 

975.780 
970.246 
1,251,357 
1,246,981 
1,348,749 
1,767,400 
1.190.488 



22,252,254 

3,127 

11,558 

27,912 

164,390 

210,416 

1,581,774 

4,013,547 

686,713 

723,959 

905,236 

1,101.228 

247.797 

88.188 

68.461 

67.742 

64.598 

59,625 

1,430,902 

59,821 
61,801 
76,846 
81,788 
105,406 
132,851 
151,603 
189,082 
251,463 
320,241 

7,478,496 

387,713 
467,193 
584,847 
737,564 
679,252 
793,092 
199,207 
897,243 
1,003,886 
992,025 
736,474 

7,330,132 

836.953 

823,731 

943,554 

930,539 

1,066.862 

1,611.471 

1,116.278 



952,973 

3,127 
11,558 
27,912 
92,157 
1 1 7.086 
110.849 

129,887 

13,544 
20,181 
19,845 
26,951 
15,028 
7,297 
5,082 
7,142 
7.988 
6.829 

96,374 

7.438 
7.637 
7,454 
8,746 
10,143 
9,168 
9,260 
9,130 
10.505 
16,893 

231,684 

17,639 
16,266 
16,842 
18,824 
23,438 
27,998 
8,927 
30,228 
28,371 
25,888 
17,263 

132,339 

16,596 
14,154 
16,763 
18,006 
20,560 
22,937 
22,579 



21,299,281 

NA 

NA 

NA 

72,233 

93,330 

1,470,925 

3,883,660 

673,169 

703,778 

885,391 

1,074,277 

232,769 

80,891 

63,379 

60,600 

56,610 

52.796 

1,334,528 
52,383 
54,164 
69,392 
73,042 
95,263 
123,683 
142,343 
179,952 
240,958 
303,348 

7,246,812 
370,074 
450,927 
566,005 
718,740 
655,614 
765,094 
190,260 
867,015 
975,515 
966,137 
719,211 

7,197,793 

820,357 

809,577 

926,791 

912,533 

1.046,302 

1,588,534 

1,093,699 



' Aliens apprehended were first recorded In 1925. Prior to 1960, data represent total aliens actually apprehended. Since 1960, figures are for total 
deportable aliens located, including nonwillful crewman violators. 
' Aliens required to depart were first recorded In 1927. 
NOTE; NA Not available. See glossary for fiscal year definitions. 



107 



TABLE 60. DEPORTABLE ALIENS LOCATED BY STATUS AT ENTRY 

AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF NATIONALITY 

FISCAL YEAR 1987 





All located 


Visitor 


Cre- 
wman 


Student 


Temporary worker 


Immigra- 
nt 


Stow- 
away 


TWOV 


Entry without 
inspection 




Region and country of nationality 


Agricul- 
ture 


Other 


Other 




1,190,488 

3,846 

1,808 
2.038 

4,354 

653 

3,701 

1,455 

661 
794 

311 

1,174,464 

5,256 
1,037 
2,055 
9,780 
6,722 
536 
2,602 
1,038 
1,139,606 
4,819 
1,013 

6,049 

3,762 

681 

1,606 

9 


13.895 

2,705 

1,684 
1,021 

1,916 

309 
1,607 

660 

278 
382 

240 

7,361 

2,132 
23 
125 
184 
161 
104 
85 
248 

3,832 
146 
321 

1,011 

469 
108 
434 

2 


780 

121 

17 
104 

353 

70 
283 

31 

12 
19 

1 

200 

1 

19 
11 
7 
25 
38 
37 
18 
11 
33 

74 

40 
10 
24 


1,486 

76 

16 
60 

570 

10 
560 

543 

301 
242 

17 

159 

16 
2 
4 
9 
2 
5 
9 
19 
47 
23 
23 

120 

42 
11 
67 

1 


237 
2 

2 

6 

1 
5 

10 

5 
5 

5 

203 

12 

2 
1 

1 

1 

95 

85 

6 

11 

6 
5 


114 
19 

19 

42 

20 
22 

4 

3 

1 

2 

36 

4 

2 

10 
18 

2 

11 

4 
1 
6 


3,668 

175 

16 
159 

332 

109 
223 

44 

21 
23 

7 

2,650 

73 
165 
373 
45 
24 
45 
25 
318 
1,387 
27 
168 

458 

325 
36 
97 


333 
4 

4 
16 

16 

13 
2 

11 

3 

206 

3 
115 

8 
12 

4 
40 

3 

1 
20 

91 

76 
1 
14 

2 


56 
3 

3 

9 

2 

7 

4 

1 
3 

16 

1 

3 

1 
3 
4 

4 

24 

11 
1 
12 


1,166,983 

546 

57 
489 

786 

47 
739 

74 

19 
55 

22 

1,161,448 

2,705 

679 
1,360 
9,491 
6,483 

217 
2,294 

176 

1,133,092 

4,579 

372 

4,105 

2,712 
489 
904 

2 


2,936 




195 




18 




177 


Asia 


324 




85 




239 


Africa 


72 




19 




53 




14 




2,185 




312 


Cuba 


165 




52 




39 




37 


Haiti 


127 




145 




92 




1,120 




32 




64 




144 




83 




18 




43 


Other 


2 







' TWOV represents transit without visa. See Glossary tor definition. 
- Represents zero. 



108 



TABLE 61. ALIENS EXCLUDED BY CAUSE 
FISCAL YEARS 1892-1987 



















Attempted 








Year 


Total 


Subversive 
or anarchist 


Criminal and 
violation of 
narcotic laws 


Immoral 


Mental or 
physical 
defect 


Likely to 
become 
public 
charge 


Stowaway 


entry without 
inspection or 

without 
proper docu- 
ments 


Contract 
laborer 


Unable to 

read (over 

16 years of 

age) 


Other 


1892-1987 . 


639,868 


1,403 


15,237 


8,242 


82,685 


219,433 


16,293 


197,206 


41,941 


13,679 


43,749 


1892-1900 . 


22.515 


_ 


65 


89 


1,309 


15,070 


_ 


- 


5,792 


_ 


190 


1901-10 


108.211 


10 


1,681 


1,277 


24,425 


63,311 


- 


- 


12,991 


- 


4,516 


1911-20 


178,109 


27 


4,353 


4,824 


42,129 


90,045 


1,904 


- 


15,417 


5.083 


14,327 


1921-30 


189.307 


9 


2,082 


1,281 


11,044 


37,175 


8,447 


94,084 


6,274 


8,202 


20.709 


1931-40 


68,217 


5 


1,261 


253 


1,530 


12,519 


2,126 


47,858 


1,235 


258 


1.172 


1941-50 


30.263 


60 


1,134 


80 


1,021 


1,072 


3.182 


22,441 


219 


108 


946 


19S1-60 


20,585 


1,098 


1,791 


361 


956 


149 


376 


14,657 


13 


26 


1,158 


1951 


3,784 


29 


337 


15 


337 


78 


121 


2,783 


1 


3 


80 


1952 


2,944 


9 


285 


10 


67 


11 


74 


2,378 


5 


3 


102 


1953 


3,637 


48 


266 


27 


130 


15 


47 


2,937 


3 


- 


164 


1954 


3,313 


111 


299 


65 


127 


16 


2 


2,432 


- 


3 


258 


1955 


2,667 


89 


216 


124 


113 


9 


15 


1,832 


- 


4 


265 


1956 


1,709 


117 


174 


64 


87 


14 


10 


1,079 


- 


5 


159 


1957 


907 


302 


103 


30 


40 


2 


14 


348 


3 


7 


58 


1958 


733 


255 


59 


18 


21 


1 


35 


299 


1 


1 


43 


1959 


480 


102 


27 


7 


18 


1 


34 


276 


- 


- 


15 


1960 


411 


36 


25 


1 


16 


2 


24 


293 


- 


- 


14 


1961-70 


4,831 


128 


383 


24 


145 


27 


175 


3,706 


. 


2 


241 


1961 


743 


21 


29 


3 


7 


1 


29 


634 


- 


- 


19 


1962 


388 


13 


34 


2 


23 


1 


17 


280 


- 


2 


16 


1963 


309 


11 


23 


2 


22 


4 


19 


216 


- 


- 


12 


1964 


421 


16 


20 


4 


18 


- 


10 


343 


- 


- 


10 


1965 


429 


12 


20 


4 


19 


2 


17 


333 


- 


- 


22 


1966 


512 


10 


31 


2 


21 


1 


16 


415 


- 


- 


16 


1967 


468 


13 


64 


3 


10 


- 


13 


322 


- 


- 


43 


1968 


460 


7 


58 


1 


13 


6 


17 


323 


- 


- 


35 


1969 


525 


14 


65 


1 


8 


6 


15 


393 


- 


- 


23 


1970 


576 


11 


39 


2 


4 


6 


22 


447 


- 


- 


45 


1971-80 


8,455 


32 


837 


20 


31 


31 


30 


7,237 


_ 


_ 


237 


1971 


655 


11 


49 


1 


11 


2 


21 


536 


- 


- 


24 


1972 


617 


8 


60 


5 


5 


3 


4 


511 


- 


- 


21 


1973 


504 


2 


58 


1 


5 


6 


- 


415 


- 


- 


17 


1974 


589 


4 


93 


- 


2 


3 


- 


451 


- 


- 


36 


1975 


994 


- 


91 


3 


4 


5 


1 


854 


- 


- 


36 


1976 


1.228 


- 


75 


1 


1 


7 


- 


1,122 


- 


- 


22 


1976 TQ.. 


318 


- 


23 


- 


- 


- 


- 


288 


- 


- 


7 


1977 


1,035 


- 


146 


2 


3 


2 


1 


865 


- 


- 


16 


1978 


906 


1 


81 


3 


- 


1 


- 


798 


- 


- 


22 


1979 


937 


4 


95 


1 


- 


2 


2 


817 


- 


- 


16 


1980 


672 


2 


66 


3 


- 


- 


1 


580 


- 


- 


20 


1981-87 


9,375 


34 


1,650 


33 


95 


34 


53 


7,223 


- 


- 


253 


1981 


659 


5 


152 


4 


1 


- 


- 


486 


- 


- 


11 


1982 


698 


4 


183 


10 


- 


13 


2 


478 


- 


- 


8 


1983 


979 


1 


205 


8 


- 


6 


2 


728 


- 


- 


29 


1984 


1,221 


- 


164 


2 


3 


4 


4 


993 


- 


- 


51 


1985 


1,637 


5 


274 


4 


6 


7 


29 


1,263 


- 


- 


49 


1986 


2,241 


12 


270 


2 


24 


1 


11 


1,886 


- 


- 


35 


1987 


1,940 


7 


402 


3 


61 


3 


5 


1,389 


- 


- 


70 



- Represents zero. 

NOTE: From 1941-53. figures represent all exclusions at sea and air ports and exclusions of aliens seeking entry for 30 days or longer at land 
ports. After 1953, includes aliens excluded after formal heanngs. See Glossary for fiscal year definitions 



109 



TABLE 62. ALIENS EXCLUDED BY REGION AND COUNTRY OF BIRTH 
FISCAL YEARS 1982-87 



Region and country 
of birth 



All countries 

Europe 

Austria 

Belgium 

Bulgaria 

Czechoslovakia 

Denmark 

Finland 

France 

German Dem. Rep 

Germany, Fed. Rep 

Greece 

Hungary 

Iceland 

Ireland 

Italy 

Luxembourg 

Malta 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

U.S.S.R 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Asia 

Afghanistan 

Bahrain 

Bangladesh 

Brunei 

Cambodia 

China. Mainland 

Christmas Island 

Hong Kong 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Iraq 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Kuwait 

Lebanon 

Macau 

Malaysia 

Nepal 

Oman 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Saudi Arabia 

Singapore 

Sri Lanka 

Syria 

Taiwan 

Thailand 

Turkey 

United Arab Emirates 

Vietnam 

Africa 

See footnotes at end of table. 



698 
51 



979 

53 

1 
2 



1,221 
53 



2,241 



- 


3 


1 


2 


26 


54 


39 


63 


5 


2 


5 


16 



110 



TABLE 62. ALIENS EXCLUDED BY REGION AND COUNTRY OF BIRTH 
FISCAL YEARS 1982-87— Continued 



Region and country 














of birth 


1982 


1983 


1984 


1985 


1986 


1987 


Aigena 


. 










2 


Angola 


_ 


_ 




1 




Benin 


_ 








~ 


" 


Burkina Faso 


_ 


1 


1 




1 


~ 


Burundi 


_ 


1 










Cameroon 


_ 








" 


" 


Cape Verde 


_ 


_ 






1 


1 


Djibouti 


_ 


_ 






1 




Egypt 


4 


7 


3 


1 


7 


4 


Equatonal Guinea 


_ 




1 






Ethiopia 


2 


1 


1 






1 


Gambia The 


1 










1 


Ghana 
Guinea 


2 


15 


12 
1 


16 


27 


24 


Ivory Coast 


- 


_ 






1 


2 


Kenya 


2 


_ 




1 


1 


Libena 


6 


3 


2 


2 


2 


1 

3 


Libya 


_ 


. 


1 


1 




Madagascar 


_ 


_ 






■J 




Malawi 


2 


_ 








7 


Mall 


1 


1 








1 


Mauntius 










" 


" 


Morocco 


- 


_ 


2 




3 


1 


Niger 
Nigena 


26 


43 


28 


51 


12 
62 


33 
50 


Reunion 


_ 


1 










Senegal 


_ 




2 


2 


10 


14 
2 
4 
3 
3 


Sien-a Leone 
Somalia 


- 


1 


1 
2 


3 

-J 




South Afnca 
Sudan 


- 


1 






2 


Tanzania 


_ 


2 


1 




1 


Togo 


_ 








4 


1 

2 


Uganda 


1 


_ 






~ 


2 aire 


_ 


_ 




2 






2ambia 


_ 




1 






" 


2imbabwe 


- 


- 


1 


_ 


1 


I 


Oceania ....„......_.._.„_....„.. 


15 


12 


10 


10 


5 


14 


Australia 


1 


1 


2 




1 




Fiji '. 


4 


New Zealand 


2 

1 
2 


2 

5 
3 

552 

53 


2 

1 

2 

3 

802 

44 
427 

286 


2 
6 

1,021 

73 
264 

633 


2 


2 


Pacific Is. Trust Terr.' 


- 


Solomon Islands 


1 


Tonga 


- 


Western Samoa 


9 

382 

35 


2 
1,393 


3 


North America 


4 


Canada 


1,173 


Mexico 


56 


279 

203 

5 
4 

1 


79 


56 


United States 


1 
262 


180 

1 


396 


Caribbean 


- 


Antigua-Barbuda 


1 


1,055 


674 


Bahamas, The 




4 


2 
6 

1 


2 


Barbados 


8 


British Virgin Is 


1 


Cayman Islands 










" 


1 


Cuba 


3 


3 


4 




~ 


- 


Dominica 


1 


29 
37 


10 




26 


Dominican Republic 


106 


71 


155 
2 


239 






Grenada 


6 


8 


382 


170 


Guadeloupe 


1 




.| 




" 


" 


Haiti 


68 


39 


36 


250 


496 


- 




344 


Jamaica 


67 


60 


73 


116 


90 






102 


Martinique 














Netherlands Antilles 


- 


1 


2 


2 


1 
2 


- 


Puerto Rico 


- 


St. Kitts-Nevis 


2 


St. Lucia 


- 


1 


2 


- 




" 



See footnotes at end of table. 



Ill 



TABLE 62. ALIENS EXCLUDED BY REGION AND COUNTRY OF BIRTH 
FISCAL YEARS 1982-87— Continued 



Region and country 
of birth 


1982 


1983 


1984 


1985 


1986 


1987 


St. Vincent & Grenadines .... 


3 
6 

28 

2 

1 
7 
1 
1 
14 
2 

104 
2 
3 
1 
1 
69 
1 

25 

1 

1 

1 


3 
6 

17 

3 
1 
2 
2 
2 
3 
4 

188 

1 

3 

120 

11 

45 
1 
5 

1 

1 


2 
5 

45 

8 
2 

9 
6 
11 

7 
2 

182 

2 
2 

5 

4 

126 

5 

29 

5 
1 

3 

1 


4 

SO 

4 
2 
21 
6 
4 
8 
5 

266 

1 
5 
5 

30 
186 

10 
2 

14 

6 

1 
6 


3 
3 
1 

78 

5 

9 
27 

7 
15 

5 
10 

233 

3 
3 
8 
5 
162 
21 

17 

4 

2 
8 

10 


1 
6 




- 




1 




47 




6 




5 




20 




3 




7 




_ 




6 




226 




2 




10 




10 


Chile 


4 




180 




8 




_ 




6 








3 




_ 




2 




1 




3 







' In fiscal year 1987, Pacific Island Trust Territories include the Federated States of Micronesia, the Marshall Islands, the Northern Marianas Islands, 
and Palau. 
- Represents zero. 



112 



TABLE 63. ALIENS UNDER DOCKET CONTROL REQUIRED TO DEPART 

BY REGION AND COUNTRY OF NATIONALITY 

CALENDAR YEARS 1980-87 



sgion and country 
of nationality 



All countries . 



Europe 

Albania 

Andorra 

Austria 

Belgium 

Bulgaria 

Czechoslovakia 

Denmark 

Estonia 

Finland 

France 

Germany 

German Dem. Rep. 
Germany Fed. Rep. 

Greece 

Hungary 

Iceland 

Ireland 

Italy 

Latvia 

Liechtenstein 

Lithuania 

Luxembourg 

Malta 

Monaco 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

San Marino 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

U.S.S.R 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 



Asia 

Afghanistan 

Bahrain 

Bangladesh 

Bhutan 

Brunei 

Burma 

Cambodia 

China 

China Mainland 

Cyprus 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Iraq 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Kuwait 

Laos 

Lebanon 

Malaysia 

Nepal 

Oman 

Pakistan 

See footnotes at end of table. 



43,643 



29 

184 

234 

(') 

(') 

622 

26 

9 

64 

361 

1 



83 
39 
379 

154 
11 

132 
63 
45 
16 
1,244 
110 

5,438 

20 



8 
5 
689 


17 

424 

59 

1,310 

35 

148 

470 

91 

244 

14 

3 

162 

24 

2 



1981 



51,883 
5,253 



1982 



30 

221 

325 

(') 

(') 

754 

39 

16 

80 

424 

14 



3 
7 
11 
178 
263 
403 
215 



352 
119 
99 
13 
1,334 
172 

5,652 

14 

2 

42 



856 




690 
45 
200 
558 
107 
314 
20 
2 
144 



36 
204 
(') 

23 
302 
532 
158 
9 
111 
328 



9 

5 

5 

110 

40 

477 

195 



160 
139 
87 
9 
1,127 
104 

5,866 

23 
10 
42 



712 



460 
61 
194 
504 
129 
378 
26 



185 
(') 

19 

160 

325 

67 

5 



345 
245 



104 
80 



4,613 

19 




598 

19 
508 
107 
355 

49 
169 
380 

89 
362 

20 

3 

130 



12 
289 



36,974 
2,439 



12 
133 
(') 



111 
239 
43 



333 
142 
18 



4,004 

9 
2 



492 

12 
484 

34 
304 

26 
135 
378 

73 
314 



38,891 
2,323 



122 
(') 

17 
116 
210 
24 



245 
126 
10 



753 
97 



21,451 
1,397 



185 
78 



368 
94 



(^ 


{') 


{') 


527 


222 


101 


13 


3 


2 


478 


251 


137 


37 


26 


6 


313 


264 


117 


42 


23 


. 13 


134 


87 


46 


354 


185 


122 


47 


37 


20 


285 


170 


52 


6 


7 


8 


3 


- 


2 


74 


67 


40 


37 


23 


7 


9 


3 


4 



10,061 
688 



117 
25 



5 
146 
72 



113 



TABLE 63. ALIENS UNDER DOCKET CONTROL REQUIRED TO DEPART 

BY REGION AND COUNTRY OF NATIONALITY 

CALENDAR YEARS 1980-87— Continued 



Region and country 


1980 


1981 


1982 


1983 


1984 


1985 


1986 


1987 


of nationality 


















Philippines 


1,025 


1,155 


1,124 


726 


636 


570 


542 


224 


Qatar 


3 


3 


6 


3 


2 


2 


2 




Saudi Arabia 


45 


62 


86 


43 


29 


22 


16 


3 


Singapore 


19 


28 


25 


12 


21 


15 


5 


5 


Sri Unka 


25 


34 


46 


39 


35 


33 


31 


43 


Syria 


44 


53 


63 


43 


50 


20 


26 


12 


Taiwan ... 








220 


190 


172 


166 


118 


58 


Thailand . 


203 


223 


216 


188 


158 


137 


64 


40 


Turkey .... 


86 


87 


142 


102 


85 


86 


42 


16 


United Arab Emirates 


1 


2 


2 


3 


- 


3 


2 


1 


Vietnam .. 


7 


12 


19 


14 


18 


12 


8 


5 


Yemen (Aden) 


6 


6 


2 


3 


2 


3 


- 


2 


Yemen (Sanaa) 


3 


2 


3 


2 


- 


1 


5 


1 


Africa . . 


693 


928 


1,171 


973 


842 


746 


466 


252 


Algeria 


28 


14 


16 


16 


7 


8 


5 


2 


Angola 


1 


2 


1 


1 


3 


2 


2 


1 


Benin 


1 


1 


1 


- 


- 


- 


1 


- 


Botswana 


1 


- 


- 


1 


3 


3 


1 


- 


Burkina Faso 


- 


1 


- 


1 


- 


5 


1 


- 


Burundi 


- 


2 


1 


- 


5 


2 


1 


1 


Cameroon 


5 


8 


16 


15 


12 


4 


6 


- 


Cape Verde 


- 


4 


9 


11 


22 


19 


9 


2 


Central Afncan Rep 


- 


- 


- 


1 


2 


- 


- 


- 


Chad 


1 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Congo 


2 


3 


2 


- 


1 


- 


- 


- 


Egypt 


122 


159 


195 


157 


94 


88 


48 


15 


Equatonal Guinea 


- 


- 


- 


- 


2 


- 


- 


- 


Ethiopia 


26 


31 


56 


49 


33 


36 


32 


23 


Gambia The 


2 


6 


8 


5 


3 


6 


1 


1 


Ghana 


84 


104 


104 


107 


97 


94 


54 


26 


Guinea 


_ 


2 


1 


- 


1 


- 


- 


2 


Guinea-Bissau 


- 


1 


1 


6 


5 


- 


- 


- 


Ivory Coast 


5 


2 


8 


6 


5 


2 


- 


- 


Kenya 


30 


30 


30 


25 


23 


14 


13 


8 


Lesotho 


3 


1 


2 


2 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Ubena 


27 


66 


82 


60 


60 


65 


36 


7 


Ubya 


35 


22 


28 


23 


14 


12 


3 


2 


Madagascar 


- 


- 


1 


1 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Malawi 


- 


4 


3 


1 


- 


1 


- 


- 


Mall 


1 


2 


1 


- 


1 


- 


- 


- 


Mauritania 


- 


2 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Mauntius 


6 


5 


2 


2 


1 


1 


2 


- 


Morocco 


18 


23 


26 


17 


15 


16 


12 


12 


Mozambique 


- 


3 




1 


- 


1 


- 


- 


Namibia 


9 


7 


4 


2 


7 


7 


1 


- 


Niger 


3 


7 


15 


6 


11 


17 


13 


13 


NIgena 


165 


249 


317 


242 


205 


216 


151 


63 


Rwanda 


- 


1 


1 


1 


1 


3 


1 


- 


Senegal 


3 


- 


3 


4 


32 


3 


2 


2 


Seychelles 


1 


- 




- 


4 


- 


- 


- 


Sierra Leone 


21 


31 


28 


40 


34 


33 


13 


14 


Somalia 


2 


6 


7 


7 


11 


5 


5 


27 


South Afnca 


33 


52 


64 


43 


27 


23 


23 


8 


Sudan 


9 


25 


45 


31 


26 


16 


3 


4 


Swaziland 


1 


3 


4 


2 


2 


1 


~ 


- 


Tanzania 


9 


9 


22 


17 


13 


17 


8 


4 


Togo 


1 


- 


2 


- 


- 


1 


- 


- 


Tunisia 


2 


7 


8 


13 


14 


5 


- 


3 


Uganda 


26 


11 


28 


19 


19 


12 


7 


8 


Zaire 


4 


9 


9 


9 


9 


1 


3 


1 


Zambia 


6 


6 


9 


12 


5 


6 


6 


1 


Zimbabwe 


298 

90 
21 


7 

336 

114 
21 


11 

365 

105 

23 

1 


17 

272 

64 
14 


13 

222 

32 

11 


1 

225 

54 
16 
1 


3 

185 

31 
14 


2 


Oceania 


87 


Australia 


28 


Fiji 


12 


Kiribati 









See footnotes at end of table. 



114 



TABLE 63. ALIENS UNDER DOCKET CONTROL REQUIRED TO DEPART 

BY REGION AND COUNTRY OF NATIONALITY 

CALENDAR YEARS 1980-87— Continued 



Region and country 


1980 


1981 


1982 


1983 


1984 


1985 


1986 


1987 


of nationality 


















Nauru 






. 


. 


1 


_ 


_ 


_ 


New Zea'and 


59 


71 


39 


37 


32 


45 


50 


21 


Pacific Is Trust Ter" 


27 


42 


56 


61 


53 


15 


14 


6 


Papua New Guinea 


1 


- 


- 


- 


1 


1 


3 


2 


Solomon Islands 


- 


2 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1 


- 


Tonga 


41 


47 


35 


51 


47 


49 


52 


10 


Vanuatu 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1 


- 


- 


Western Samoa 


59 


39 


106 


45 


45 


43 


20 


8 


North America .... 


28,957 


35,035 


30,596 


26,266 


24,913 


26,519 


14,639 


6,838 


Canada 


702 


801 


1,065 


865 


591 


461 


293 


135 


Mexico 


16,647 


23,754 


19.160 


16,708 


15,762 


13,888 


8,584 


3,437 


Caribbean 


3,427 


4,055 


4,998 


4,561 


4,638 


7,224 


2,117 


561 


Antigua Barbuda 


3 


23 


81 


66 


65 


78 


39 


5 


Bahamas The 


45 


57 


59 


53 


36 


34 


11 


5 


Barbados 


211 


251 


239 


161 


181 


191 


47 


12 


Cuba 


69 


42 


106 


85 


36 


34 


19 


14 


Dominica 


4 


7 


29 


43 


54 


52 


40 


13 


Dominican Republic 


1,065 


1,331 


1,442 


1,264 


1,535 


2,132 


695 


162 


Grenada 


59 


124 


154 


132 


127 


176 


38 


9 


Haiti 


832 


897 


1,281 


1,276 


994 


2,833 


635 


126 


Jamaica 


793 


982 


1,215 


1,106 


1,238 


1,252 


445 


139 


St. Kitts-Nevis 


4 


- 


3 


22 


46 


44 


27 


10 


St. Lucia 


_ 


2 


11 


24 


21 


27 


19 


2 


St. Vincent & Grenadines 


1 


2 


17 


19 


26 


33 


11 


4 


Trinidad & Tobago 


341 


337 


361 


310 


279 


338 


91 


40 


Central America 


8,181 


6,425 


5,373 


4,132 


3,922 


4,946 


3,645 


2,705 


Belize 


1 


10 


50 


39 


86 


113 


38 


29 


Costa Rica 


159 


173 


267 


217 


149 


157 


61 


25 


El Salvador 


5,073 


3,669 


2,658 


2,008 


1.974 


2,487 


2,138 


1,587 


Guatemala 


2,007 


1,577 


1,429 


989 


884 


1,277 


807 


693 


Honduras 


434 


480 


477 


465 


476 


577 


335 


206 


Nicaragua 


388 


318 


311 


276 


226 


209 


223 


143 


Panama 


119 


198 


181 


138 


127 


126 


43 


22 


South America 


4,306 


4,651 


5,133 


4,748 


4,486 


5,198 


2,352 


1,038 


Argentina 


279 


246 


278 


184 


150 


163 


90 


27 


Bolivia 


102 


125 


131 


172 


80 


109 


72 


33 


Brazil 


195 


204 


223 


220 


176 


202 


110 


57 


Chile . 


209 


221 


245 


200 


146 


141 


75 


30 


Colombia 


1,383 


1,544 


1,931 


2,006 


2,158 


2,496 


1,133 


509 


Ecuador 


816 


846 


809 


600 


590 


708 


259 


119 


Guyana 


367 


372 


377 


370 


425 


687 


175 


45 


Paraguay 


19 


24 


31 


19 


18 


29 


10 


7 


Peru .. 


580 


600 


605 


560 


501 


453 


336 


162 


Suriname 


1 


3 


8 


4 


4 


5 


2 


3 


Unjguay 


147 


187 


178 


111 


99 


118 


43 


22 


Venezuela 


208 


279 
9 


317 


302 


139 


87 


47 


24 


U.S. possessions 


5 


Stateless or not reported 


8 


19 


42 


67 


68 


11 


4 


3 







Prior to fiscal year 1 982, data for Federal Republic of Germany and German Democratic Republic are consolidated under Germany. 
' Prior to fiscal year 1982, data for Mainland China and Taiwan are consolidated under China. 
' In fiscal year 1987, Pacific Island Tmst Territories include the Federated States of Micronesia, the Marshall Islands, the Northern Marianas 
Islands, and Palau. 
- Represents zero. 



115 



TABLE 64. ALIENS UNDER DOCKET CONTROL REQUIRED TO DEPART 

BY CAUSE AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF NATIONALITY 

FISCAL YEAR 1987 



Region and country 
of nationality 


Total 


Criminal 


Violation of 

narcotic 

laws 


Previously 
excluded 

or 
deponed 


Mental or 
physical 
defect 


Entered 

without 

proper 

documents 


Failed to 
maintain or 
comply 
with con- 
ditions of 
nonimmi- 
grant 
status 


Entered 

without 

inspection 

or by false 

statements 


Miscel- 
laneous 


Not re- 
ported 




17,597 

1,099 

72 
67 
75 

179 
67 

267 
78 

294 

1,975 

164 
195 
223 

69 
179 
114 

91 
444 

93 

65 
338 

391 

111 
280 

132 

11,879 

201 

6,101 

1,580 

420 

586 

326 

90 

158 

3,997 

2.407 

890 

331 

228 

141 

2,115 

72 

59 

87 

61 

1.021 

249 

157 

319 

90 

6 


32 

2 

1 
1 

7 

2 

1 
4 

1 

1 

22 

8 
4 
6 

2 

1 
2 
1 

4 

1 

1 
1 
1 


60 

1 

1 
3 

1 

2 

2 

2 

36 

14 

15 

4 

1 

3 

3 

1 

1 
1 
18 

1 

15 
2 


14 
1 

1 
1 

1 

10 

8 
1 

1 

1 
1 

2 

1 
1 


2 

1 
1 

1 
1 


274 

23 

2 

3 
1 
1 
1 
10 

5 

30 

1 
4 
4 

1 
1 
11 

8 

7 
4 
3 

4 

197 

12 
140 
22 

7 
9 
4 
1 
1 
23 
9 
8 
2 
1 
3 

13 

3 

5 

2 
3 


5,520 

880 

61 
56 
66 

154 
43 

222 
27 

251 

1,627 

138 
120 
179 
52 
168 
94 
70 
383 
87 
61 
275 

329 

92 
237 

120 

1,778 

128 
424 
786 

106 
306 
187 
75 
112 
440 
128 
97 
85 
51 
79 

781 

51 
26 
67 
37 

241 
95 
67 

133 
64 

5 


11,685 

190 

9 
7 
7 
24 
23 
33 
51 
36 

307 

25 
71 
40 
17 
9 
18 
20 
50 
6 
2 
49 

52 

12 
40 

8 

9,827 

39 

5,502 

760 

302 

270 

130 

13 

45 

3,526 

2,267 

785 

242 

175 

57 

1,300 

21 
32 
17 
23 
759 
151 
88 
183 
26 

1 


10 

2 

1 

1 

8 

7 
1 
1 










- 




- 


Italy 


- 




- 




_ 




_ 




- 


Asia 






- 




_ 




- 




- 




_ 




_ 




_ 




- 




- 




- 




_ 








- 




- 












- 




- 


Caribbean 


- 


Haiti 


- 




- 




- 




- 




- 




- 




- 




- 




- 


Other Central America 






- 




- 




- 


Chile 


- 




_ 




- 




- 


Peru 


- 




- 











Represents zero 



116 



TABLE 65. ALIENS DEPORTED BY CAUSE 
FISCAL YEARS 1908-87 



Subver- 
sive or 
anarchist 



Violation 
of nar- 
cotic 
laws 



Mental or 
physical 
defect 



Previous- 
ly ex- 
cluded or 
deported 



Failed to 
maintain or 

comply 
with condi- 
tions of 
nonimmi- 
grant sta- 
tus 



Entered 

without 

proper 

documents 



Entered 

without 
inspection 
or by false 
statements 



Public 
charge 



Unable 
to read 
(over 16 
years of 



1908-87 . 

1908-10 . 
1911-20 . 
1921-30 . 
1931-40 . 
1941-50 . 
1951-60 . 

1961-70 . 

1961 .... 
1962.... 
1963.... 
1964 .... 
1965.... 
1966.... 
1967.... 
1968.... 
1969.... 
1970.... 



1971-80 

1971 

1972 

1973 

1974 

1975 

1976 

1976 TO . 

1977 

1978 

1979 

1980 



944,431 

6.888 
27,912 
92.157 
117,086 
110,849 
129,887 

96,374 

7,438 
7,637 
7,454 
8.746 
10,143 
9,168 
9.260 
9,130 
10,505 
16,893 

231,683 

17,639 
16,266 
16,842 
18.824 
23,438 
27,998 
8,927 
30,228 
28,371 
25,888 
17,262 



1981-87 131,595 

16,596 
1982 
1983 
1984 
1985 
1986 
1987 



14,154 
16,763 
18,006 
20,560 
22,937 
22,579 



1,554 



353 
642 
253 



53,357 

236 
1,209 
8,383 
16,597 
8,945 
6,742 

3,694 

498 
493 
452 
417 
385 
323 
320 
266 
272 
268 

2,515 

286 
266 
226 
191 
225 
272 
83 
285 
220 
264 
197 

5,036 

192 
228 
538 
568 
728 
1,136 
1,646 



16,622 

784 
4,324 
4,238 
4,838 

759 
1,175 

397 



374 

1,108 

822 

947 

1,462 

106 
131 
158 
146 
143 
130 
154 
137 
155 
202 

3,622 

232 
307 
395 
396 
583 
464 
110 
372 
314 
265 
184 

5,436 

159 
168 
296 
501 
713 
968 
2,631 



27,321 

3,228 
6,364 
8,936 
6,301 
1,560 
642 

236 



178 
1,842 
9,729 
17,642 
4,002 

3,601 

357 
353 
368 
373 
355 
336 
360 
345 
361 
393 

4,028 

476 
487 
594 
440 
526 
481 
141 
315 
236 
202 
130 

1,150 

120 
88 
115 
125 
147 
212 
343 



5,556 
14,669 
13,906 
25,260 

31,334 

3,020 
2,967 
2,302 
2,473 
3,241 
3,668 
3,126 
3,200 
2,901 
4,436 

33,725 

4,140 
3,966 
3,989 
3,839 
3,649 
3,782 
1,007 
3,150 
2,543 
1,901 
1,759 

12,390 

1,928 
1,716 
1,810 
1,801 
1,886 
1,875 
1,374 



157,782 



31,704 
45,480 
14,288 
35,090 

11,831 

400 

378 

417 

688 

1,036 

984 

1,272 

1,356 

1,789 

3,511 

16,501 

2,979 

2,710 

2,247 

2.086 

1,896 

1,185 

271 

1,066 

871 

707 

483 

2,888 

470 
407 
448 
398 
441 
366 
358 



439,044 

1,106 
4,128 
5,265 
5,159 
50,209 
54,457 

43,561 

2,916 
3,185 
3,642 
4,580 
4,881 
3,615 
3,947 
3,777 
4,983 
8,035 

170,955 

9,483 

8,486 

9,342 

11,839 

16,529 

21,777 

7,304 

25,012 

24,165 

22,525 

14,493 

104,204 

13,708 
11.520 
13,337 
14,551 
16,622 
18,280 
16,186 



22,565 

474 

9,086 

10,703 

1,886 

143 

225 



16,762 



704 

5,977 

6,329 

1,746 

5 



16,641 

1,060 
1,566 
8,537 
2,737 
812 
1,112 

235 

8 
17 
20 



182 

21 
26 



19 
203 
52 
9 
82 
22 



- Represents zero. 

NOTE: Deportation statistics by cause were not available prior to fiscal year 1908. See Glossary for fiscal year definitions. 



117 



TABLE 66. ALIENS DEPORTED BY REGION AND COUNTRY OF NATIONALITY 
CALENDAR YEARS 1980-87 



Region and country 


1980 


1981 


1982 


1983 


1984 


1985 


1986 


1987 


of nationality 


















All countries 


14,717 


17,068 


14,438 


19,131 


18,261 


21,356 


22,499 


21,037 


Europe 


492 
3 
1 
2 


470 

5 
4 


415 

3 
5 


412 

5 
5 


351 

4 
1 


351 

1 
6 
5 


338 

1 
2 
8 


312 


Albania 


. 


Austria 


6 


Belgium 


3 


Bulgaria 


2 




1 










2 


Czechoslovakia 


2 


_ 


3 


_ 


2 


3 


2 




Denmark 


4 
3 


5 
1 


1 
2 


1 


3 


3 


5 


2 


Estonia 




Rnland 


3 
16 
28 


3 
27 
34 


2 
26 


1 
25 
{') 


28 


2 
26 

(') 


26 


4 


France 


27 


Germany 


(') 


German Dem. Rep 


(') 


(') 


4 




2 


9 


2 




Germany, Fed. Rep 


(') 


(') 


29 


40 


33 


40 


30 


38 


Greece 


137 
1 


101 
2 


71 
15 


51 

7 


33 

7 


39 
6 


19 
2 


20 


Hungary 


13 


Iceland 


2 

21 
1 


1 
7 
15 
2 


10 
22 


9 
15 


5 
12 


11 
11 


1 
12 
10 

1 


_ 


Ireland 


15 


Italy 


15 


Latvia 




Lithuania 


2 


1 


_ 


_ 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Luxemt)0urg 




1 


1 


_ 


_ 


_ 


- 


_ 


Malta 


- 


1 


2 


- 


1 


1 


1 


_ 


Monaco 


- 


Netherlands 


12 
3 


9 
1 


19 
2 


8 


10 

1 


9 
2 


11 
2 


7 


Norway 


3 


Poland 


21 
8 


16 
13 


7 
13 


11 
12 


5 

7 


10 
9 


13 
35 


9 


Portugal 


11 


Romania 




3 


1 


1 




2 


3 


1 


San Marino 


_ 




1 


_ 


_ 


_ 


1 


1 


Spain 


16 
4 
3 
2 


13 
1 
3 
2 


10 
4 

7 
2 


18 
6 
5 
2 


14 
2 
4 


14 
4 
4 


15 
4 
3 
1 


18 


Sweden 


4 


Switzerland 


2 


USSR 


2 


United Kingdom 


183 


189 


144 


164 


155 


118 


107 


89 


Yugoslavia 


12 


10 


8 


6 


22 


16 


21 


20 


Asia 


572 

1 


548 

2 


576 

3 


582 

2 


502 


538 

2 


607 


334 


Afghanistan 




Bahrain 


1 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Bangladesh 


7 


11 


6 


11 


16 


12 


5 


6 


Bhutan 


- 


1 


4 


8 


1 


- 


- 


2 


Burma 


- 


2 


2 


1 


- 


1 


- 


- 


Cambodia 


1 


1 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


China 


66 


65 


« 


ft 





(^ 


(') 


ft 


China Mainland 





ft 


35 


36 


18 


36 


31 


15 


Cyprus 


3 


5 


- 


2 


1 


- 


1 


- 


India 


51 


52 


72 


43 


52 


50 


72 


27 


Indonesia 


18 


7 


18 


7 


4 


5 


4 


1 


Iran 


239 


159 


88 


67 


63 


87 


66 


22 


Iraq 


- 


1 


- 


3 


5 


7 


13 


2 


Israel 


13 


18 


13 


30 


16 


19 


22 


22 


Japan 


12 


14 


32 


22 


33 


30 


28 


19 


Joidan 


16 


19 


15 


16 


21 


31 


22 


20 


Korea 


13 


18 


21 


33 


50 


32 


31 


15 


Kuwait 


1 


- 


- 


2 




2 


2 


1 


Laos 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


2 


Lebanon 


8 


19 


13 


21 


21 


19 


23 


15 


Malaysia 


4 


5 


2 


3 


2 


3 


6 


2 


Nepal 


1 


- 


3 


10 


5 


1 


2 


3 


Oman 


- 


1 


2 


8 


4 


2 


- 


- 


Pakistan 


24 


31 


40 


64 


52 


36 


57 


39 


Philippines 


47 


78 


117 


108 


73 


102 


128 


60 


Saudi Arabia 


3 


2 


5 


3 


3 


3 


5 


6 


Singapore 


4 


4 


2 


1 


- 


2 


2 


- 


SriUnka 


- 


6 


9 


10 


9 


3 


10 


16 



See footnotes at end of table. 



118 



TABLE 66. ALIENS DEPORTED BY REGION AND COUNTRY OF NATIONALITY 
CALENDAR YEARS 1980-87— Continued 



Region and country 


















of nationality 


1980 


1981 


1982 


1983 


1984 


1965 


1986 


1987 


Syria 


3 


5 


2 
10 
37 


4 
13 
26 
26 

2 


5 
10 
20 
12 
3 
2 

1 


9 
13 
18 

13 


2 
22 

19 

13 




Taiwan 


(^ 
28 




16 


6 


Thailand 


6 
13 


Turl<ey 


8 


5 


24 


Vietnam 




1 


1 


14 


Yemen (Aden) 


" 


Yemen (Sanaa) 










" 


~ 




170 


22S 


282 


304 


361 


382 


1 
371 


301 


Algeria 


10 


4 


2 




4 
1 


3 


3 




Benin 




1 


1 


3 


Botswana 


■ 


Burl^ina Faso 


_ 


_ 


_ 












Burundi 


_ 


_ 












1 


Cameroon 


2 


2 


1 


7 


2 




4 


5 


Cape Verde 


- 


_ 


_ 




6 




3 


1 


Central African Rep 


_ 


_ 


_ 


1 


2 








Chad 


_ 


_ 


_ 












Comoros 


_ 


_ 


_ 


1 






1 




Congo 


1 


- 


1 




_ 








Egypt 


11 


27 


15 


25 


18 


17 


11 


10 


Equatonal Guinea 


- 


- 


1 


_ 










Ethiopia 


- 


4 


14 


8 


2 




2 


3 


Gabon 


_ 


1 


_ 












Gambia, The 


2 


_ 


6 


_ 


2 


3 


3 


4 


Ghana 


25 


25 


29 


21 


35 


38 


30 


12 


Guinea 


- 


_ 


_ 


2 










Guinea-Bissau 


_ 


_ 


_ 




_ 




1 




Ivory Coast 


2 


1 


- 


1 


1 


1 


3 


2 


Kenya 


5 


4 


11 


6 


9 


6 


3 


2 


Libena 


8 


20 


17 


17 


17 


26 


17 


1 


Libya 


1 


2 


2 


- 


3 


1 


4 




Madagascar 


- 


1 


_ 


. 










Mall 


_ 


_ 


_ 


1 


1 




1 


1 


Mauntius 


1 


_ 


2 


3 






1 




Morocco 


1 


3 


7 


8 


3 


5 


7 


6 


Mozambique 


- 


- 


_ 


_ 






1 




Namibia 


1 


_ 


1 


_ 


1 


1 




1 


Niger 


- 


2 


2 


5 


11 


15 


31 


26 


Nigena 


88 


110 


124 


159 


194 


222 


222 


192 


Rwanda 


- 


_ 


_ 


_ 




1 






Senegal 


- 


_ 


7 


1 


18 


2 


1 


4 


Sierra Leone 


6 


11 


9 


8 


8 


6 


8 


6 


Somalia 


- 


1 


3 


2 


3 


1 


1 


1 


South Afnca 


1 


1 


8 


7 


8 


6 


5 


11 


Sudan 


2 


4 


7 


9 


4 


1 


1 




Swaziland 


- 


_ 


1 












Tanzania 


1 


1 




- 


1 


11 


_ 


3 


Tunisia 


- 


2 


2 


3 


5 


_ 




1 


Uganda 


_ 


_ 


3 


3 


1 


1 


4 


1 


Zaire 


1 


- 


5 


2 


1 


1 


2 


3 


Zambia 


_ 


1 


_ 


1 










Zimbabwe 


1 




2 


1 


- 


- 


1 


1 


Oceania 


35 


70 


57 

11 


50 

8 
2 


76 

12 
8 
7 
11 
32 
6 

15,821 


78 

10 
5 
2 
9 
34 
18 

18,511 


56 

8 
5 
2 
6 
24 
11 

19,450 




Australia 


8 


10 


41 

3 
9 


Fiji 


2 


3 


3 


New Zealand 


2 
10 


7 
17 


10 


1 
7 


Pacific Is. Trust Ter' 


8 


Tonga 


7 


19 


23 


25 


3 
15 
3 

18,766 


Western Samoa 


6 


14 


10 


7 


North America 


12,716 


14,967 


12,227 


16,823 




Canada 


269 


276 


293 


316 
10,939 


291 
10,710 


271 
11,085 


224 
11,098 


241 
12,920 


Mexico 


9,612 


10,276 


8,439 




Caribbean 


417 


430 


391 


431 

4 


628 

8 
13 
16 


603 

5 
12 
10 


583 

4 
27 
4 




Antigua-Barbuda 




1 


3 


840 

7 


Bahamas, The 


4 


B 


g 


13 
10 


Barbados 


3 


6 


3 


24 




4 



See footnotes at end of table. 



119 



ALIENS DEPORTED BY REGION AND COUNTRY OF NATIONALITY 
CALENDAR YEARS 1980-87— Continued 



Region and country 
of nationality 


1980 


1981 


1982 


1983 


1984 


1985 


1986 


1987 


Cuba 


7 

255 
2 
25 
92 

29 
2,418 

18 
1,774 
448 
119 
27 
32 

732 

32 

5 

9 

62 

358 

134 

18 

3 

76 

18 
17 


4 

261 

3 

18 

108 

21 
3,985 

2 
27 
2,724 
637 
503 
50 
42 

784 

20 
15 
21 
35 
406 
116 
34 

106 

19 
12 

1 


6 
4 

169 
4 
22 

155 

1 

15 

3,104 

9 

31 

2,067 

640 

264 

54 

39 

878 

28 

22 

34 

28 

442 

154 

28 

4 

100 

3 

13 

22 

3 


28 
6 
176 
2 
26 
128 

1 

1 

36 

5,137 

13 
88 
3,398 
1,000 
533 
59 
46 

951 

25 

32 

30 

33 

521 

125 

34 

11 

89 

1 

17 

33 

9 


15 

8 

310 

5 

40 

163 

8 

2 

1 

39 

4,192 

41 

47 

2,616 

908 

467 

64 

49 

1,132 

34 

51 

35 

30 

676 

132 

34 

4 

80 

1 

4 

51 

18 


14 

6 

192 

7 

87 

232 

2 

4 

1 

31 

6,552 

77 

49 

3,344 

1,959 

916 

163 

42 

1,493 

36 

52 

35 

30 

952 

152 

28 

6 

143 

1 

17 

41 

3 


6 

12 

182 

4 

118 

193 

2 

4 

1 

26 

7,545 

97 

61 

3,627 

2,478 

1,087 

149 

46 

1,676 

41 

65 

87 

29 

1,077 

166 

16 

5 

116 

1 

29 

44 

1 


4 




13 




330 




4 


Haiti 


127 




279 


St. Kitts-Nevis 


2 


St Lucia 


4 


St. Vincent & Grenadines .... 


2 

40 




4,765 




73 




28 




2,084 




1,555 




923 




57 




45 




1,281 




24 




33 




64 


Chile 


20 




884 




90 




18 




7 




90 




1 




13 




37 




2 











' Prior to fiscal year 1982, data for Federal Republic of Germany and German Democratic Republic are consolidated under Germany. 
' Prior to fiscal year 1 982, data for Mainland China and Taiwan are consolidated under China. 

' In fiscal year 1987, Pacific Island Trust Territories include the Federated States of Micronesia, the Marshall Islands, the Northern Marianas 
Islands, and Palau. 
- Represents zero. 



120 



TABLE 67. ALIENS DEPORTED BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY TO WHICH DEPORTED 
FISCAL YEARS 1978-87 



Region and country 
to which deported 



All countries . 



Europe 

France 

Germany 

Germany, Federal Rep. .. 
German Democratic Rep. 

Greece 

Portugal 

United Kingdom 

Other Europe 



Asia 

Hong Kong . 

India 

Iran 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Pakistan 

Philippines .. 
Other Asia .. 



Africa 

Ghana 

Niger 

Nigeria 

Other Africa . 



Oceania 

Tonga 

Other Oceania 



North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Dominican Republic 

Haiti , 

Jamaica 

Trinidad & Tobago ... 

Other Cahbbean 

Central America 

Belize ... 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 



South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Peru 

Venezuela 

Other South America 

Unknown or not reported 



28,371 



36 

(') 

(') 

291 
19 
63 

136 

513 

73 



9B 
104 

43 

10 
33 

25,515 

430 

19,451 

526 

201 

73 

103 

42 

107 

5,108 

66 

57 

3,415 

1,285 

185 



1,461 

58 

18 

15 

90 

559 

466 

48 

162 

20 



389 


394 


25 


21 


34 


39 


(') 


(') 





(') 


155 


142 


14 


5 



212 

42 



23 

23,627 

412 

17,777 

513 

233 

63 

95 

29 

93 

4,925 

63 

22 

3,471 

1,087 

207 



1,159 

34 



492 
347 

33 
141 

26 



178 

21 



33 

15,291 

331 

11,159 

498 

260 

33 

101 

34 

70 

3,303 

47 

24 

2,390 

644 

137 

20 

41 

820 

35 



367 

179 



499 

31 



60 
130 



177 

21 



68 

59 

18 
41 

14,843 

345 

10,452 

492 

307 

12 

96 

24 

53 

3,554 

70 

23 

2,333 

557 

487 

40 

44 

706 

28 



30 

368 

96 



14,154 



480 

20 



101 
145 



144 
105 



45 

12,182 

315 

8,387 

376 

146 
13 
144 



3,104 

59 
24 
2.118 
587 
211 
60 
45 



26 
428 
143 



16,763 



30 
108 
154 



131 
112 



26 
26 

14,808 

357 

9,327 

417 

166 

14 

136 

24 

77 

4,707 



3,104 
917 
471 



36 
460 
116 



18,006 

281 

25 
(') 



31 
102 
124 

347 

35 



44 



15,741 

477 

10,510 

618 

300 

35 

159 

39 

85 

4,136 



2,585 
880 
469 



1,090 



25 
624 
150 

30 



264 

22 
(') 
38 



500 

23 



100 
137 



367 

39 



198 
112 



56 

18,060 

393 

11,368 

525 

168 

56 

195 

32 

74 

5,774 

114 

41 

3,034 

1,634 

792 

124 

35 

1,273 

27 



821 

134 
26 
115 



583 

27 



120 
140 



32 
226 



42 

19,866 

306 

11,475 

629 

188 

128 

212 

26 

75 

7,456 

126 

51 

3,687 

2,329 

1,064 

155 

44 

1,732 

48 
51 



1,112 
163 



3 
24 
16 
73 

117 

406 

16 
39 
40 
22 
20 
19 
41 
83 
126 



49 
208 



31 

20,042 

305 

13,321 

712 

253 

105 

259 

29 

66 

5,704 

100 

43 

2,573 

1,839 

1,033 

73 

43 

1,427 



21 
984 
103 

19 
102 

33 



Prior to fiscal year 1982. data for Federal Republic of Germany and German Democratic Republic are included In Germany. 
Represents zero. 



121 



TABLE 68. ALIENS DEPORTED BY CAUSE AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF NATIONALITY 

FISCAL YEAR 1987 



Region and country 
of nationality 



Violation of 
narcotic laws 



Previously 

excluded or 

deported 



Entered 
witfiout 
proper docu- 
ments 



Failed to 
maintain or 
comply witfi 
conditions of 
nonimmigrant 
status 



Entered 

without 

inspection or 

by false 
statements 



All countries 

Europe 

France 

Germany, Federal Rep. 

Greece 

Spain 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

India 

Iran 

Israel 

Japan 

Korea 

Lebanon 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Niger 

Nigena 

Other Africa 

Oceania 

Tonga 

Other Oceania 

North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Bahamas, The 

Dominican Republic . 

Haiti , 

Jamaica , 

Trinidad & Tobago .... 

Other Caribbean , 

Central America 

Belize , 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

South America , 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Peru 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Other South America ... 



22,579 

347 

32 
37 



100 
23 
112 



350 

35 
216 



46 

21 
25 

19,943 

243 

13.229 

712 

21 

255 

108 

255 

34 

39 

5,759 

89 

42 

2,585 

1,881 

1,033 



1,458 

30 
54 
62 
22 
'988 
109 
109 
22 



1,521 

49 
1,310 



16 
3 
7 
105 
5 
2 
62 
18 
12 



2,272 

51 

1,852 

193 

7 
54 
33 
82 



8 
176 

9 

3 

106 

31 



243 

3 



343 
4 

1 



274 
6 



358 
9 

2 

1 

4 
2 
23 



241 
27 



1,374 



164 

16 



258 

30 



15 


3 


23 


10 


57 


13 


79 


19 


231 


47 


21 


5 


138 


26 


72 


16 


29 


10 


17 


2 


12 


8 


490 


15,005 


64 


53 


197 


9,334 


155 


269 



5,349 

62 

34 

2,379 

1,807 

976 

80 

11 



37 

13 

692 



Represents zero. 



122 



ALIENS DEPORTED AND UNDER DOCKET CONTROL REQUIRED TO DEPART BY STATUS AT ENTRY 
FISCAL YEARS 1982-87 



Status at entry 



Aliens deported: 

Total 

Immigrant (except displaced person or 

refugee) 

Displaced person or refugee 

Foreign government official 

Temporary visitor 

Transit alien 

Crewman 

Treaty trader or investor 

Representative to international organization 

Returning resident alien 

Student ■ academic institution 

Student - vocational 

Entered without inspection 

Other temporary worker or industrial trainee 

Representative of foreign information 
media . 

Exchange visitor 

Fiance(e) 

Intracompany transferee 

Other 



Aliens under docket control required to 
depart:' 

Total 

Immigrant (except displaced person or 

refugee) 

Displaced person or refugee 

Foreign government official 

Temporary visitor 

Transit alien 

Crewman 

Treaty trader or investor 

Representative to international organization 

Returning resident alien 

Student ■ academic institution 

Student - vocational 

Entered without inspection 

Other temporary worker or industrial trainee 

Representative of foreign information 

media 

Exchange visitor 

Fiance(e) 

Intracompany transferee 

Other 



292 
8 



5 
12 
276 
X 
11,582 
32 



44,796 

244 

13 

162 

15,199 

837 

992 

102 

134 

14 

2,173 

X 

22,529 

577 

66 

316 

17 

48 

1,373 



2 

1,402 

44 

155 

2 

3 



14,171 
57 



41,353 



163 
29 



79 

8 

1,994 

X 

20,994 

383 

9 

289 

15 



227 

48 

3 

1,578 

42 

140 

2 

2 

5 

284 

3 

15,161 

50 



144 

34 

76 

10,990 

626 

757 

89 

80 

1 

1,549 

22,188 
358 



200 

12 

76 

2,321 



20,560 

266 
50 
3 
1,615 
52 
122 
5 

3 
302 

17,576 
47 



3 
492 



44,158 

140 

29 

81 

12,121 

601 

636 

82 

68 

1 

1,462 

25,774 
342 



97 
2,530 



22,937 

345 

39 

9 

1,777 

42 

123 

3 



19,767 
47 

2 
8 

5 

8 

389 



28,007 

106 

32 

35 

6,839 

287 

316 

61 

37 

972 

17,944 
263 

7 

132 

16 

88 

872 



58 

9 

1,507 

38 

113 

1 



19,692 
53 



6 
387 



74 

17 

25 

4,134 

199 

168 

55 

22 

2 

626 

11,610 
150 



75 

13 

35 

391 



Excludes required departures of technical violators and direct departures under safeguards. 
Represents zero. X Not applicable. 



123 



TABLE 70. ALIENS DEPORTED AND REQUIRED TO DEPART BY REGION AND DISTRICT OFFICE 

FISCAL YEAR 1987 



Region and district office 



Deported 



Required to depart 



All regions 

Eastern Region 

Baltimore, MD 

Boston, MA 

Buffalo, NY 

Newarl<, NJ 

New York. NY 

Philadelphia. PA ... 

Portland, ME 

San Juan, PR 

Washington, DC ... 

Southern Region .... 

Atlanta, GA 

Dallas. TX 

El Paso, TX 

Harlingen, TX 

Houston, TX 

Miami, FL 

New Orleans, LA .. 
San Antonio, TX ... 

Northern Region .... 

Anchorage, AK 

Chicago, IL 

Cleveland, OH 

Denver, CO 

Detroit, Ml 

Helena, MT 

Kansas City, MO .. 

Omaha, NE 

Portland, OR 

St, Paul, MN 

Seattle, WA 

Western Region 

Honolulu, HI 

Los Angeles, CA .. 

Phoenix, AZ 

San Diego, CA 

San Francisco, CA 



1,116,278 

10,653 

636 
834 

427 
2,432 
2,344 

549 
1,497 
1,825 

109 

442,395 

195 

456 

236,864 

61,184 

1,649 

2,301 

1,441 

138,305 

4,462 

54 
1,032 
101 
618 
801 
112 
159 

84 
264 
506 
731 

658,768 

451 

6,505 

114,788 

535,046 

1,978 



2,579 


1,093,699 


1,095 


9,558 


40 


596 


229 


605 


70 


357 


22 


2,410 


455 


1,889 


86 


463 


12 


1,485 


125 


1,700 


56 


53 


8,853 


433,542 


59 


136 


245 


211 


2,626 


234,238 


1,551 


59,633 


1,317 


332 


767 


1,534 


745 


696 


1,543 


136,762 



1,671 



421 
96 



2,791 



197 
705 



130 


134 


103 


403 


470 


261 


0,960 


647,808 


53 


398 


880 


5,625 


1,582 


113,206 


7,526 


527,520 


919 


1,059 



124 



TABLE 71. REPORT OF SERVICE PARTICIPATION IN THE CONTROL OF MARIJUANA, NARCOTICS, AND DANGEROUS DRUG TRAFFIC 

FISCAL YEARS 1980-87 



Year and seizure 



Type of contraband 



Marijuana 
(lbs.) 



Heroin 
(oz.) 



Opium 
(oz.) 



Cocaine 
(oz.) 



Hashish 
(oz.) 



Dangerous 

drug pills 

(units) 



1980: 

No. of seizures 

Amount seized 

Est, value of seizures (dollars) 

1981: 

No. of seizures 

Amount seized 

Est. value of seizures (dollars) 

1982: 

No. of seizures 

Amount seized 

Est. value of seizures (dollars) 

1983: 

No. of seizures 

Amount seized 

Est value of seizures (dollars) 

1984: 

No. of seizures 

Amount seized 

Est. value of seizures (dollars) 

1985: 

No. of seizures 

Amount seized 

Est. value of seizures (dollars) 

1986: 

No. of seizures 

Amount seized 

Est value of seizures (dollars) 

1987: 

No of seizures 

Amount seized 

Est. value of seizures (dollars) 



1,753 

62.178.1 

18,814,485 



2,011 
24,681.0 
5,367,510 



1,902 
20,936.9 
4.562,619 



2.059 

38,699.8 

26,239,417 



37.241.6 
29,641,292 



1,853 

72,472.3 

49,887,508 



2,378 

143,389.5 

91,423,583 



4.003 

226,054.7 

188,351.449 



5 

47.7 

5.000,455 



19.1 
47,736 



10 

29.2 

81,857 



21 

176.6 

13,935,361 



24 

429.1 

11,061,697 



371.4 
4,093,249 



990.4 
59,758,294 



83 

1,327.4 

27,261,814 



2 

12.4 
30,006 



27.7 
23,232 



34.9 
17,325 



65.1 
1,529,600 



3 

184.1 

103,300 



52 

7,118.3 

102.584,650 



264.5 
948,018 



115 

1,509.1 

7,598,149 



157 

2,464.9 

15,679,587 



167 
377,298.0 
13,859,799 



166 

22.038.9 

75.416.137 



291 

44,200.5 

111,111.329 



511 

209,931.1 

435,983,013 



265 
281.8 
72,953 



263 
882.4 

232,737 



325 

367.9 

88,605 



293 
1.328.2 
253.543 



79 

77.8 

41.606 



203 

186.0 

449.761 



391 

460.7 

182,965 



279 

115.6 

28,312 



246 
109,974 
102,405 



317 
144,665 
181,175 



323 
156,080 
462,773 



280 

339,534 

1,441,573 



97 
46,065 
31,199 



151 
13,290 
15,111 



240 
160,397 
267,254 



322 

654,259 

2,531.803 



71 

X 

988,868 

56 

X 

67,183 

40 
X 

1.124,084 



X 
169.248 



110 

X 

180.581 

201 

X 

7,423,275 



2.381 

X 

127,168,419 

2.777 

X 

14,404.428 

2,748 

X 

13,812,877 

2,867 

X 

57,618,664 

1.517 

X 

55,782,909 



2,457 

X 

130,048,339 



3.484 

X 

264,453,606 

5,402 

X 

661,682,966 



NOTE: X Not applicable. 



125 



TABLE 72. PRINCIPAL ACTIVITIES AND ACCOMPLISHMENTS OF THE BORDER PATROL 
FISCAL YEARS 1981-87 



Activities and 
accomplishments 



Persons apprehended 

Deportable aliens located 

Mexican aliens 

Working in agriculture 

Working in trades, crafts, and 
industry 

Others 

Canadian aliens 

Other aliens 

Smugglers of aliens located 

Aliens located who were smuggled 
into the United States 

Aliens located who were previously 
expelled 

Aliens located with previous criminal 
records 

Conveyances examined 

Trains 

Automobiles 

Buses 

Boats 

Other conveyances 

Persons questioned 

On trains 

In automobiles 

In buses 

On boats 

Other conveyances 

Pedestrians 

Seizures: 

Automobiles and trucks 

Airplanes 

Other conveyances 

Value of seizures (dollars) .............. 

Narcotics 

Other merchandise 



833,150 

825,290 
797,923 

75,241 

23,730 

696,952 

5,756 

21,611 

12,643 



90,084 



12,489 

4,639,432 

53,111 

3,073,660 

119,515 

7,283 

1.385,863 

12,492,064 

103,931 
7,186,511 
1,169,223 
19,891 
2,150,863 
1,861,645 



2,410 
2 
29 

17,347,904 

10,236,116 
7,111,788 



827,956 

819,919 
795,362 

93,702 

26,532 

675,128 

5,694 

18,863 

11,777 



9,292 

5,370,642 

53,766 

3,612,863 

119,177 

7,330 

1,577,506 

14,238,390 

111,357 
8,476,982 
1,262,651 
21,473 
2,400,445 
1,965,482 



3,973 
6 
54 

6,024,867 

5,242,326 
782.541 



1,115,422 

1,105,670 
1,076,345 

87,606 

24,515 

964,224 

5,893 

23,432 

13,393 



328,078 



9,224 

5,489,598 

55,502 

3,861,666 

113,165 

9,778 

1,449,487 

14,474,230 

146,130 
8,722,345 
1,349,038 
30,678 
2,106,050 
2,119,989 



5,702 

3 

102 

30,325,276 

28,729,119 
1,596,157 



1,140,466 
1,104,429 

83,706 

24,854 

995,869 

5,805 

30,232 

13,435 



8,745 

5,211,177 

61,921 

3,765,347 

114,821 

8,563 

1,260,525 

14,444,047 

174,619 
9,058,073 
1,230,307 
26,315 
1,866,080 
2,088,653 



6,364 

3 

89 

44,505,793 

42,939,946 
1,565,847 



1,272,435 

1,262,435 
1,218,695 

76,054 

26,674 

1,115,967 

5,868 

37,872 

14,666 



9,786 

4,901,449 

109,819 
3,468,295 

104,184 

7,996 

1,211,155 

13,490,124 

226,227 
8,093,350 
1,202.491 
28,754 
1,876,370 
2,062,932 



7,225 
3 



122,007,498 

119,822,206 
2,185,292 



1,705,278 

1,692,544 
1,635,702 

80,922 

44,971 

1,509,809 

6,235 

50,607 

19,275 



14,429 

6,156,965 

66,038 

4,543,187 

106,704 

9,380 

1,431,656 

17,630,943 

274,432 
10,952.483 
1,404,906 
32,033 
2,185,425 
2,781,664 



10,307 



165,106,668 

161,736,752 
3,369,916 



1,158,030 
1,123,725 

15,862 

15,097 

996,873 

4,814 

29,491 

11,560 



15,143 

7,033,803 

56,959 
5.288,259 

97,954 

8,005 

1 ,582,626 

18,526,460 

156,856 
12,666,003 
1,252,833 
25,855 
2,402,705 
2,022,208 



7,304 

3 

205 

590,638,336 

582,395,375 
8,203,061 



126 



TABLES 73-77 



ENTRIES 

LITIGATION 

LEGAL ACTIVITY 

LEGISLATION 



TABLE 73. PRIMARY INSPECTIONS OF TOTAL ESTIMATED ALIENS 

AND CITIZENS ADMITTED BY STATE AND PORT OF ENTRY 

FISCAL YEAR 1987 



State and port 



Total 



Aliens 



Citizens 



State and port 



Total 



Total 333,092,797 197,230,053 135,862,744 Houlton 



Alaska 
Alcan 
Anchorage 
Dalton s Cache 
Ketchikan 
Skagway 

Ai izona 
Douglas 
Lukeville 
Manposa 
Naco 
Nogales 
Phoenix 
Sasabe 
San Luis 
Tucson 

California 
Andrade 
Calexico 
Los Angeles 
Otay Mesa 
San Diego 
San Francisco 
San Ysidro 
Tecate 

Colorado 
Denver 

Connecticut 
Hartford 



Washington, DC 



Florida 

Fort Pierce 

Jacksonville 

Key West 

Miami 

Orlando 

Port Everglades .... 

Tampa 

West Palm Beach 

Idaho 

Eastport 
Porthill , 

Illinois 

Chicago 

Indiana ... 
Indianapolis 

Maine 

Bangor 
Bridgewater 
Calais .. 
Coburn Gore 
Fort Fairfield 
Fort Kent 
Hamlin 



561,918 
124,025 
185,228 
48.662 
78,800 
125,203 

24,324,676 

4,828,135 

639,309 

1,332,348 

925,393 

10,608,736 

28,942 

31,300 

5,874,987 

55,526 

67,202,244 
1 ,069,683 

14,862,495 

3,831,914 

6,541,060 

18,132 

1,427,321 

36,412,907 
3,038,732 

82,820 
82,820 

11,033 
11,033 

532,974 

6,770,286 

309,760 

18,334 

30,273 

5,081,614 

175,602 

728,324 

188,943 

237,436 

653,973 
293,497 
360,476 

1,439,515 
1,439,515 

14,882 
14,882 

16,771,709 
131,261 
486,504 
5,697,952 
137,318 
922,678 
910,673 
525,476 



258,828 
17,383 

145,481 
15,102 
22.487 
58,375 

15,682,006 

2,896,677 

210,972 

799,301 

603,902 

6,516,316 

6,705 

9,183 

4,615,913 

23,037 

38,974,503 

306,693 

11,210,172 

1,751,734 

4,205,468 

4,869 

682,239 

18,931,207 

1,882,121 

12,528 
12,528 

6,640 
6,640 

249,169 

3,160,911 

90,780 

14,708 

11,137 

2,438,465 

143,407 

279,493 

110,267 

72,654 

411,590 
194,797 
216,793 

459,043 
459,043 

921 
921 

10,678,851 
65,244 
329,593 
3,517,790 
102,743 
628,028 
524,264 
468,338 



Jackman 

303,0901; Limestone .... 

106,643 Lubec 

39.747 Madawaska . 

33,560) Portland 

56,313]' Van Buren ... 

66,828 Vanceboro ... 



See footnotes at end of table. 



8,642,670 

1,931,458 

428,337 

533,047 

321,491 

4,092,420 

22,237 

22,117 

1,259,074 

32,489 

28,227,741 

762,990 

3,652,323 

2,080,180 

2,335,592 

13,263 

745,082 

17,481,700 

1,156,611 

70,292 
70,292 

4,393 
4,393 

283,805 

3,609,375 

218,980 

3,626| 

19,136 

2,643,149 

32,195 

448,831 

78,676 

164,782 

242,383 
98,700 
143,683 

980,472 
980,472 

13,961 
13,961 

6,092,858 

66,017 

156,911 

2,180,162 

34,575 

294,650) 

386,4091 

57,138 



Massachusetts . 
Boston 



Michigan 

Algonac 

Detroit 

Marine City 

Port Huron 

Sault Ste. Marie . 



Minnesota 

Baudette 

Duiuth 

Grand Portage 

International Falls . 

Lancaster 

Noyes 

Pine Creek 

Roseau 

St. Paul 

Warroad 



Missouri .... 
St. Louis 



Montana 

Del Bonita 

Helena 

Morgan 

Opheim 

Piegan 

Raymond 

Roosville 

Scobey 

S«?eetgrass .... 

Turner 

Whitetail 

Wildhorse 

Willow Creek . 



Nebraska . 
Omaha .. 



Nevada 

Las Vegas 
Reno 



New Hampshire . 
Pittsburg 



New Mexico .... 
Albuquerque . 

New York 

Albany 

Champlain .... 



2,811,727 


1,862,301 


949.426 


469,393 


350,692 


118,701 


175,208 


89,852 


85,356 


849,044 


508,536 


340,508 


2,552,364 


1,573,956 


978,408 


120,150 


40,111 


80,039 


603,140 


379,649 


223,491 


378,821 


237,754 


141,067 


883,280 


350,339 


532,941 


883,280 


350,339 


532,941 


25,550,060 


13,082,752 


12,467,308 


159,673 


104,833 


54,840 


16,465,163 


8,279,021 


8,186,142 


213,455 


104,091 


109,364 


5,100,729 


2,429,589 


2,671,140 


3,611,040 


2,165,218 


1,445,822 


3,350,596 


1 ,680,243 


1,670,353 


208,553 


138,236 


70,317 


5,875 


3,364 


2,511 


417,827 


145,317 


272,510 


1,359,082 


619,605 


739,477 


73,239 


48,745 


24.494 


846,674 


508,972 


337,702 


19,002 


10,954 


8,048 


67,979 


38,088 


29,891 


174,692 


46,194 


128,498 


177,673 


120,768 


56,905 


77,276 


15,707 


61,569 


77,276 


15,707 


61,569 


1,574,063 


969,088 


604,975 


42,471 


27,337 


15,134 


414 


188 


226 


22,759 


18,038 


4,721 


11,767 


8,663 


3,104 


472,578 


262,410 


210,168 


86,968 


52,618 


34,350 


292,538 


168,157 


124,381 


26,840 


18,953 


7,887 


545,655 


365,835 


179,820 


22,702 


14,488 


8,214 


11,129 


9,814 


1,315 


30,522 


16,024 


14,498 


7,720 


6,563 


1,157 


2,226 


579 


1,647 


2,226 


579 


1,647 


18,460 


18,176 


284 


8,749 


8,546 


203 


9,711 


9,630 


81 


29,221 


12,780 


16,441 


29,221 


12,780 


16,441 



37,789,202 

10,065 

2,908,098 



21,284,474 

4,626 

2,150,682 



16,504,728 

5,439 

757,416 



128 



TABLE 73. PRIMARY INSPECTIONS OF TOTAL ESTIMATED ALIENS 

AND CITIZENS ADMITTED BY STATE AND PORT OF ENTRY 

FISCAL YEAR 1987— Continued 




Chateaugay 
Fort Covington 
Massena 
Mooers ... 
New York 
Niagara Falls 
Ogdensburg 
Peace Bridge 
Rouses Point 
Thousand Islands 
Trout River 

North Carolina 
Charlotte 
Wilmington 



Ambrose 

Antler 

Carbury 

Dunseith 

Fortuna 

Hannah 

Hansboro 

Maida 

Neche 

Noonan 

Northgate 

Portal 

Sarles 

Sherwood 

St. John 

Walhalla 

Westhope 



Stale and port 



Total 



Hidalgo 12,864,278 

Houston 958,682 

Juarez-Lincoln Bridge 8,995,456 

Laredo 12,398,356 



Los Ebanos . 

Port Arthur 

Presidio 

Progresso 

Rio Grande City . 

Roma 

San Antonio 



Utah 

Salt Lake City 



Vermont 

Alburg Springs .... 

Alburg , 

Beebe Plains 

Beecher Falls 

Canaan 

Derby Line 

East Richford 

Highgate Springs . 

North Troy 

Norton 

Pinnacle Road 

Richford 

West Berkshire .... 



Virginia .... 
Norfolk . 



266,570 
12,820 
1,065,373 
3,720,204 
1,468,305 
3,602,827 

108,870 

5,106 
5,106 

4,279,377 

91,209 

147,585 

199,948 

124,722 

110,641 

1,423,906 

36,270 

1,149,337 

293,236 

342,163 

45,900 

201,135 

113,325 

98,694 
98,694 



Washington 20,014,802 

Bellingham 

Blaine 

Boundary 

Danville 

Friday Harbor 

Frontier 

Laurier 

Longview 

Lynden 

Metaline Falls 

Oroville 

Point Roberts 

Port Angeles 

Seattle 

Spokane 

Sumas 

Tacoma 



Wisconsin .... 
Milwaukee 



Canada 

Calgary, Alberla 

Edmonton, Alberta .. 
Montreal, Quebec .... 

Toronto, Ontario 

Vancouver, B.C , 

Victoria, B.C , 

Winnipeg, Manitoba , 



13,374 

9,397,053 

46,543 

101,424 

25,871 

114,332 

110,307 

7,005 

1 ,889,646 

67,053 

862,520 

2,752,254 

24,808 

627,550 

2,808 

3,952,267 

19,987 

14,203 
14,203 

6,458,317 
342,741 
176,829 
1,264,248 
2,887,582 
966,755 
661,621 
158,541 



Aliens 



7,864,338 

388,972 
6,327,112 
8,866,548 

200,101 
10,170 

638,822 
1,856,638 

934,132 

2,233,691 

52,844 

750 
750 

2,915,240 

81,457 

125,052 

140,870 

88,567 

71,135 

904,720 

28,967 

652,305 

250,220 

288,660 

38,572 

156,508 

88,207 

23,357 
23,357 

13,923,139 

7,039 

5,881,238 

33,797 

54,082 

19,335 

70,195 

59,118 

6,960 

1,536,041 

33,270 

531,282 

2,201,084 

11,348 

238,972 

1.193 

3,222,107 

16,078 

2,978 
2,978 

4,236,929 
255,993 
130,396 
818,799 

2,141,979 
639,535 
144,144 
106,083 



Citizens 



Otiier 8,550,255 



4,399,940 

569,690 

2,668,344 

3,531,808 

66,469 

2,650 

426,551 

1,863,566 

534,173 

1,369,136 

56,026 

4,356 
4,356 

1,364,137 

9,752 

22,533 

59,078 

36,155 

39,506 

519,186 

7,303 

497,032 

43,016 

53,503 

7,328 

44,627 

25,118 

75,337 
75,337 

6,091,663 

6,335 

3,515,815 

12,746 

47,342 

6,536 

44,137 

51,189 

45 

353,605 

33,783 

331,238 

551,170 

13,460 

388,578 

1,615 

730,160 

3,909 

11,225 
11,225 

2.221,388 
86,748 
46,433 
445,449 
745,603 
327,220 
517.477 
52,458 



3,883,207 4,667,048 



- Represents zero. 

Pin1',?I^n,!,"''l,"''^^^" f ?°c' ^1^'^^'^ in primary inspection by the Immigration and Naturalization Service except aliens in transit without a visa 
Figures partially estimated. See Glossary for definition of TWOVs and fiscal years. Table ENT 1 in the 1985 Yearbook included only border crossers. 



129 



TABLE 74. PROSECUTIONS, FINES, AND IMPRISONMENT FOR IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY VIOLATIONS 

FISCAL YEARS 1981-87 



Prosecutions: 
Total disposed of 

Convictions 
Acquittals 
Dismissals ' 
Total pending end of year 

Prosecutions for immigration violations: 
Disposed of 

Convictions 

Acquittals 

Dismissals ' 

Pending end of year 

Prosecution for nationality violations: 
Disposed of 

Convictions 

Acquittals 

Dismissals ' 

Pending end of year 

Aggregate fines and imprisonment: 
Fines (dollars) 

Immigration violations 

Nationality violations 

Imprisonment (years) 

Immigration violations 

Nationality violations 



16,005 

12,771 



3.195 
3,259 



15,602 

12,509 

36 

3,057 

3,129 



403 

262 

3 
138 
130 



672,746 

667,756 
4,990 

5,605 

5,441 
164 



14,138 

10,320 

51 

3,767 

3,230 



13,712 

10,058 

48 

3,606 

3,025 



426 

262 

3 

161 

205 



877,753 

834,953 
42,800 

4,892 

4,622 
270 



16,493 

11,233 

58 

5,202 

4,764 



15,848 

10,947 

56 

4,845 

4,478 



645 

266 

2 

357 

286 



503,716 

486,630 
17,086 

5,451 

5,250 
201 



17,980 

10,546 

64 

7,370 

4,103 



16,989 

10,237 



6,688 
3.909 



991 

309 



682 

194 



785,689 

767,764 
17,925 

5,701 

5,496 
205 



17,688 

9,833 



7,767 
3,477 



16,976 

9,635 

82 

7,259 

3,264 



712 

198 

6 

508 

213 



929,926 

903,141 
26,785 

5,261 

5,093 
168 



23,405 

15,259 

148 

7,998 

NA 



22,751 

15,104 

143 

7,504 



NA 



654 

155 

5 

494 

NA 



1,122,998 

1.117,025 
5.973 

6,113 

6.046 
67 



18,894 

11,996 

245 

6,653 

NA 



18,200 

11,786 

245 

6,169 

NA 



694 

210 



484 

NA 



1,489,491 

1,462,941 
26.550 

5,382 

5,196 
186 



Dismissed or ottierwise closed. 
Represents zero. NA Not available. 



TABLE 75. CONVICTIONS FOR IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY VIOLATIONS 
FISCAL YEARS 1981-87 



All violations 

Immigration violations 

Entry ot aliens illegally 

Reentries of deported aliens 

Bringing in, transporting, harboring, and inducing 

illegal entry of aliens 

Fraud, misuse of visas, entry permits, and other entry 

documents 

Fraud and false statements or entries 

Alien registration or alien address violations 

Alien crewmen wfio overstayed 

Stowaways on vessels or aircraft 

Perjury 

Importation of aliens for immoral purposes 

Other violations 

Nationality violations 

False representation as citizens of the United States , 
False statements and procurement of citizenship or 

naturalization unlawfully 

Reproduction of citizenship and naturalization papers 
Sale of naturalization or citizenship papers 



12,509 

10,022 
351 



262 

194 



10,058 

7,878 
341 



262 

179 



10,947 

8,060 
543 



286 

185 



10,237 

6,695 
634 



124 
80 
5 



309 

228 



9,833 

9,630 

6,627 
516 



166 

172 

3 



203 

163 



15,258 

14,995 

11,030 
308 

1,422 

225 
99 
26 

22 

2 

1,859 

263 

136 



11,996 

11,786 

8,190 
347 



141 
105 
89 



210 

200 



Represents zero. 



130 



TABLE 76. WRITS OF HABEAS CORPUS, JUDICIAL REVIEW OF ORDERS OF DEPORTATION, AND DECLARATORY 

JUDGEMENTS IN EXCLUSION AND DEPORTATION CASES 

FISCAL YEARS 1981-87 



Action taken 



1981 



1982 



1983 



1984 



1985 



1986 



Writs of habeas corpus: 

Total disposed of 

Favorable to US, government 

Unfavorable to US. government , 

Witfidrawn or ottienwise closed , 

Total pending end of year , 

Judicial review of orders of deportation (Sec. 106 INA) 

Total disposed of 

Favorable to U.S. government , 

Unfavorable to U.S. government , 

WittidravKn or otfierwise closed 

Total pending end of year 



Declaratory judgements: 

Total disposed of , 

Favorable to U.S. government 

Unfavorable to U.S. government 

Withdrawn or othenwise closed 

Involving 8 U.S.C. 1503 

Favorable to U.S. government , 

Unfavorable to U.S. government ..... 
Withdrawn or otherwise closed 

Involving exclusion or deportation 

Favorable to US government , 

Unfavorable to U.S. government 

Withdrawn or othenwtse closed 



318 

197 



198 

155 



5 

4 

1 

193 

151 
5 



118 

73 
20 
25 
102 



533 

358 
73 
102 
507 



237 

200 



164 

130 
18 



159 
738 



370 

316 



236 

199 
10 



353 

301 



204 

152 



494 

325 



141 
935 



646 

318 

38 

290 



32 
216 



387 

307 



341 

126 

19 

196 

1.805 



389 

266 



113 
965 



744 

237 
143 
364 



130 
30 



575 

228 



1,297 

160 



1,123 
726 



377 

257 



80 
970 



174 

90 
28 



13 

149 

86 

20 



697 

102 



574 
203 



328 

166 

19 

143 

878 



Represents zero. 



131 



TABLE 77. PRIVATE IMMrGRATION AND NATIONALITY BILLS 
INTRODUCED AND LAWS ENACTED 
77TH THROUGH 99TH CONGRESS 



Congress 


Bills 
introduced 


Laws 
enacted 


99th 


347 

454 

728 

902 

1.024 

1.023 

1,085 

2.866 

6.266 

7,293 

5,285 

3,647 

3,592 

3,069 

4,364 

4,474 

4,797 

3,669 

2,811 

1.141 

429 

163 

430 


15 


98th 


33 


97th 


42 


96th 


83 


95th 


138 


94th 


99 


93rd 


63 


92nd 


62 


91st 


113 


90th 


218 


89th 


279 


88th 


196 


87th 


544 


86th 


488 


85th 


927 


84th 


1,227 


83rd 


753 


82nd 


729 


81st 


505 


80th 


121 


79th 


14 


78th 


12 


77th 


22 







132 



GLOSSARY 

TABLE GENEALOGY 

DATA SOURCES 



Glossary 



Acquired Citizenship— Citizenship conferred at birth 
on children born abroad to a U.S. citizen parent(s). Data 
for a fiscal year cover the number of certificates of 
citizenship issued during the year, regardless of when 
citizenship was acquired. The data are not necessari- 
ly a complete accounting of individuals who have ac- 
quired citizenship, since only those Individuals who ac- 
quired citizenship and subsequently requested and 
were issued a certificate of citizenship from the Im- 
migration and Naturalization Service are included in the 
data. 

Adjustment to Immigrant Status— Procedure allow- 
ing certain aliens already in the United States to apply 
for immigrant status. Aliens admitted to the United 
States in a nonimmigrant or other capacity may have 
their status changed to that of lawful permanent resi- 
dent if they are eligible to receive an immigrant visa 
as a permanent resident and an immigrant visa is im- 
mediately available. In such cases, the alien is counted 
as an immigrant as of the date of adjustment, even 
though the alien may have been in the United States 
for an extended period of time. 

Agricultural Workers— As a nonimmigrant class of ad- 
mission, an alien coming temporarily to the United 
States to perform agricultural labor or services, as 
defined by the Secretary of Labor. This nonimmigrant 
category was established as a separate class of admis- 
sion by the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 
1986. 

Alien— Any person not a citizen or national of the 
United States. 

Alien Address Report Program— A now-defunct 
annual registration program for aliens. Until Public 
Law 97-1 16 (Act of 12/29/81) eliminated the stipulation, 
all aliens in the United States were required to register 
with the Immigration and Naturalization Service each 
January. Nationality and state of residence data were 
compiled annually on the alien population reporting 
under the program. The last year for which data are 
available is 1980. 

Amerasian Act— Public Law 97-359 (Act of 10/22/82) 
provides for the immigration to the United States of cer- 
tain Amerasian children. In order to qualify for benefits 
under this law, an alien must have been born in Cam- 
bodia, Korea, Laos, Thailand, or Vietnam after 
December 31, 1950 and before October 22, 1982 and 
have been fathered by a U.S. citizen. 

Apprehension— The arrest of a deportable alien by the 
Immigration and Naturalization Service. Each ap- 
prehension of the same alien in a fiscal year is counted 
separately. 

Area Control — Enforcement operations conducted by 
the Immigration and Naturalization Service's Investiga- 



tions Division to locate and apprehend aliens illegally 
in the United States. Area Control surveys focus on 
places of employment where illegal aliens are 
concentrated. 

Asylee— An alien in the United States or at a port of 
entry unable or unwilling to return to his or her country 
of nationality, or to seek the protection of that country 
because of persecution or a well-founded fear of 
persecution. Persecution or the fear thereof may be 
based on the alien's race, religion, nationality, member- 
ship in a particular social group, or political opinion. For 
persons with no nationality, the country of nationality 
is considered to be the country in which the alien last 
habitually resided. Asylees are eligible to adjust to 
lawful permanent resident status after one year of con- 
tinuous presence in the United States. These im- 
migrants are exempt from the worldwide numerical 
limitation of 270,000; however, the Immigration and Na- 
tionality Act stipulates that only 5,000 asylees can ad- 
just per fiscal year. 

Beneficiaries — Those aliens who receive immigration 
benefits from petitions filed with the U.S. Immigration 
and Naturalization Service. Beneficiaries generally 
derive privilege or status as a result of their relation- 
ship (including that of employer-employee) to a U.S. 
citizen or lawful permanent resident. 

Border Grosser— An alien or citizen resident of the 
United States reentering the country after an absence 
of less than six months in Canada or Mexico, or a 
nonresident alien entering the United States across the 
Canadian border for stays of no more that six months 
or across the fvlexican border for stays of no more than 
72 hours, or a U.S. citizen residing in Canada or Mex- 
ico who enters the United States frequently for business 
or pleasure, or an individual entering the United States 
on any flight originating in Canada or Mexico. 

Border Patrol Sector— Any one of 22 geographic 
areas into which the United States is divided for the 
Immigration and Naturalization Service's Border Patrol 
activities. Of the 22 sectors, all but 3 are located along 
the northern and southern borders of the United States. 

Business Nonimmigrant — An alien coming temporari- 
ly to the United States to engage in commercial trans- 
actions which do not involve gainful employment in 
the United States, i.e., engaged in international com- 
merce on behalf of a foreign firm, not employed in the 
U.S. labor market, and receives no salary from U.S. 
sources. 

Certificate of Citizenship— Identity document proving 
U.S. citizenship. Certificates of citizenship are issued 
to derivative citizens and to persons who acquired U.S. 
citizenship (see definitions for Acquired and Derivative 
Citizenship). 



134 



Child— An unmarried person under 21 years of age 
who is: a legitimate child; a stepchild provided that the 
child was under 18 years of age at the time that the mar- 
riage creating the stepchild status occurred; a 
legitimated child provided that the child was legitimate 
while in the legal custody of the legitimating parent; a 
child adopted while under 16 years of age who has 
resided since adoption in the legal custody of the adopt- 
ing parents for at least 2 years; or an orphan, under 
16 years of age, who has been adopted abroad by a 
U.S. citizen or has an immediate-relative visa petition 
submitted in his/her behalf and is coming to the United 
States for adoption by a U.S. citizen. 

Conditional Immigrant— See Immigration Marriage 
Fraud Amendments of 1986. 

Country of Former Allegiance— The previous coun- 
try of citizenship of a naturalized U.S. citizen or of a 
person who derived U.S. citizenship. 

Country of Last Residence— The country in which the 
alien habitually resided prior to entering the United 
States. 

Crewman— A foreign national serving in any capacity 
on board a vessel or aircraft. Crewmen are admitted 
for twenty-nine days, with no extensions. Crewmen re- 
quired to depart on the same vessel on which they ar- 
rived are classified as D-ls. Crewmen who depart on 
a vessel different than the one on which they arrived 
are classified as D-2s. Although these aliens are 
technically nonimmigrants, crewmen are not included 
in nonimmigrant admission data. 

Crewman Technical (or Nonwillful) Violator— Any 

crewman who through no fault of his or her own re- 
mains in the United States more than 29 days (e.g., a 
crewman hospitalized beyond the 29-day admission 
period). 

Cuban/Haitian Entrant— Status accorded 1) Cubans 
who entered the United States illegally between April 
15, 1980 and October 10, 1980 and 2) Haitians who 
entered the country illegally before January 1, 1981. 
Cubans and Haitians meeting these criteria who have 
continuously resided in the United States since before 
January 1, 1982 may adjust to permanent resident 
status under a provision of the Immigration Control 
and Reform Act of 1 986. 

Deferred inspection— See Parolee. 

Departure Under Safeguards— The departure of an 
illegal alien whose departure from the United States 
is physically observed by an Immigration and 
Naturalization Service official. 

Dependent— Spouse, unmarried dependent child 
under 21 years of age, unmarried dependent child 
under 25 years of age who is in full-time attendance 



at a postsecondary educational institution, or unmar- 
ried child who is physically or mentally disabled. 

Deportable Alien— An alien in the United States sub- 
ject to any of the 19 grounds of deportation specified 
in the Immigration and Nationality Act. This includes 
any alien illegally in the United States, regardless of 
whether the alien entered the country illegally or 
entered legally but subsequently violated the terms of 
his or her visa. 

Deportation— The formal removal of an alien from the 
United States when the presence of that alien is deem- 
ed inconsistent with the public welfare. Deportation is 
ordered by an immigration judge without any punish- 
ment being imposed or contemplated. Data for a fiscal 
year cover the deportations verified during that fiscal 
year. Airlines, ship companies, or port officials provide 
the Immigration and Naturalization Service with the 
departure data on aliens who are deported. 

Derivative Citizenship— Citizenship conveyed to 
children through the naturalization of parents or, under 
certain circumstances, to spouses of citizens at or dur- 
ing marriage or to foreign-born children adopted by U.S. 
citizen parents, provided certain conditions are met. 
Data for a fiscal year cover the number of certificates 
of U.S. citizenship issued during the year, regardless 
of when citizenship was derived. The data are not 
necessarily a complete accounting of individuals who 
have derived citizenship, since only those individuals 
who derived citizenship, requested, and were issued 
a certificate of citizenship from the Immigration and 
Naturalization Service are covered by the data. 

District— Any one of thirty-three geographic areas in- 
to which the United States and its territories are divid- 
ed for the Immigration and Naturalization Service's field 
operations or one of three overseas offices located in 
Rome, Bangkok, or Mexico City. Operations are super- 
vised by a district director located at a district office 
within the district's geographic boundaries. 

Employer Sanctions— The employer sanctions provi- 
sion of the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 
prohibits employers from hiring, recruiting, or referring 
for a fee aliens known to be unauthorized to work in 
the United States. Violators of the law are subject to 
a series of civil fines or criminal penalties when there 
is a pattern or practice of violations. 

Exchange Visitor— An alien coming temporarily to the 
United States as a participant in a program approved 
by the Secretary of State for the purpose of teaching, 
instructing or lecturing, studying, observing, conduct- 
ing research, consulting, demonstrating special skills, 
or receiving training. 

Exclusion— The formal denial of an alien's entry into 
the United States. The exclusion of the alien is made 



135 



by an immigration judge after an exclusion hearing. 
Data for a fiscal year cover tfie exclusions verified dur- 
ing that fiscal year. Airlines, ship companies, or port 
officials provide the Immigration and Naturalization Ser- 
vice with the departure data on aliens who are 
excluded. 

Exempt from Numerical Limitations— Those aliens 
accorded lawful permanent residence who are exempt 
from the provisions of the preference system set forth 
in immigration law. Exempt categories include im- 
mediate relatives of U.S. citizens, refugees, special im- 
migrants, and certain other groups of immigrants. 

Fiance(ee) of U.S. Citizen— A nonimmigrant alien 
coming to the United States to conclude a valid mar- 
riage with a U.S. citizen within ninety days after entry. 

Files Control Office— An Immigration and Naturaliza- 
tion Service field office — either a district (including INS 
overseas offices) or a suboffice of that district — where 
alien case files are maintained and controlled. 

Fiscal Year— Currently, the twelve-month period begin- 
ning October 1 and ending September 30. Historical- 
ly, until 1831 and from 1843-49, the twelve-month 
period ending September 30 of the respective year; 
from 1 832-42 and 1 850-67, ending December 31 of the 
respective year; from 1 868-1 976, ending June 30 of the 
respective year. The transition quarter (TQ) for 1976 
covers the three-month period, July-September 1976. 

Foreign Government Official— As a nonimmigrant 
class of admission, an alien coming temporarily to the 
United States who has been accredited by a foreign 
government to function as an ambassador, public 
minister, career diplomatic or consular officer, other ac- 
credited official, or an attendant, servant or personal 
employee of an accredited official, and all above aliens' 
spouses and unmarried minor (or dependent) children. 

Foreign Information Media Representative— As a 

nonimmigrant class of admission, an alien coming tem- 
porarily to the United States as a bona fide represen- 
tative of foreign press, radio, film, or other foreign in- 
formation media and the alien's spouse and unmarried 
minor (or dependent) children. 

Foreign Medical School Graduate— An immigrant 
who has graduated from a medical school or has 
qualified to practice medicine in a foreign state, who 
was licensed and practicing medicine on January 9, 
1978, and who entered the United States as a nonim- 
migrant on a temporary worker or exchange visitor visa 
before January 10, 1978. The alien must meet the re- 
quirements set forth in Public Law 97-116 (Act of 
1 2/29/81 ) in order to qualify for this immigrant classifica- 
tion. These immigrants and their spouses and children 
are exempt from the worldwide numerical limitation of 
270,000. However, if the sum of these immigrant 



classes plus the investor immigrant classes and 
the numerically restricted classes exceeds the limita- 
tions (for a dependency, an independent country, or 
worldwide) in any fiscal year, the respective limitation 
of that area is reduced by that excess for the following 
year. 

Foreign State of Chargeability— The independent 
country to which an immigrant entering under the 
preference system is accredited. No more than 20,000 
immigrant visas may be issued to natives of indepen- 
dent countries in a fiscal year. Dependencies of in- 
dependent countries cannot exceed 600 of the 20,000 
limit. Since these limits are based on visa issuance 
rather than entries into the United States, and im- 
migrant visas are valid for 4 months, there is not total 
correspondence between these two occurrences. 
Chargeability is usually determined by country of birth. 
Exceptions are made to prevent the separation of family 
members when the limitation for the country of birth has 
been met. 

General Naturalization Provisions— The basic re- 
quirements for naturalization that every applicant must 
meet, unless a member of a special class. General pro- 
visions require an applicant to be at least 18 years of 
age, a lawful permanent resident with 5 years of con- 
tinuous residence in the United States, and to have 
been physically present in the country for half that 
period. 

Geographic Area of Chargeability— Any one of 5 

regions — Africa, East Asia, Latin America and the 
Caribbean, Near East and South Asia, and the U.S.S.R. 
and Eastern Europe — into which the world is divided 
for the initial admission of refugees to the United States. 
Annual consultations between the Executive Branch 
and the Congress determine the ceiling on the number 
of refugees that can be admitted to the United States 
from each area. In fiscal year 1987, an unallocated 
reserve was incorporated into the admission ceilings, 
requiring private sector funding. 

Hemispheric Ceilings— Statutory limits on immigration 
to the United States in effect from 1968 to October 
1978. Mandated by the Immigration and Nationality Act 
Amendments of 1965, the ceiling on immigration from 
the Eastern Hemisphere was set at 170,000, with a per- 
country limit of 20,000. Immigration from the Western 
Hemisphere was held to 1 20,000, without a per-country 
limit until January 1, 1977. The Western Hemisphere 
was then subject to a 20,000 per country limit. Effec- 
tive October 1 978, the separate hemisphere limits were 
abolished in favor of a worldwide limit of 290,000. This 
limit was lowered to 280,000 for fiscal year 1980, and 
to 270,000 for fiscal year 1981 and subsequent years, 
because refugees were no longer subject to these 
limitations based on the Refugee Act of 1980. 



136 



Immediate Relatives— Certain immigrants who 
because of their close relationship to U.S. citizens are 
exempt from the numerical limitations imposed on im- 
migration to the United States. Immediate relatives are: 
spouses of citizens, children (under 21 years of age) 
of citizens, parents of citizens 21 years of age or older, 
and orphans adopted by U.S. citizens who are at least 
21 years of age. 

Immigrant— An alien admitted to the United States as 
a lawful permanent resident. Immigrants are those per- 
sons lawfully accorded the f^.ivilego of residing per- 
manently in the United States. They may be issued im- 
migrant visas by the Department of State overseas or 
adjusted to permanent resident status by the Immigra- 
tion and Naturalization Service in the United States. 

Immigration Marriage Fraud Amendments of 

1986— Public Law 99-639 (Act of 1 1/14/86), which was 
passed in order to deter immigration-related marriage 
fraud. Its major provision stipulates that aliens deriv- 
ing their immigrant status based on a marriage of less 
than two years are conditional immigrants. To remove 
their conditional status the immigrants must apply at 
an Immigration and Naturalization Service office within 
90 days after their second-year anniversary of receiv- 
ing conditional status. If the aliens cannot show that 
the marriage through which the status was obtained 
was and is a valid one, their conditional immigrant 
status is terminated and they become deportable. 

Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA) of 

1986— Public Law 99-603 (Act of 1 1/6/86), which was 
passed in order to control and deter illegal immigration 
to the United States. Its major provisions stipulate 
legalization of undocumented aliens, legalization of cer- 
tain agricultural workers, sanctions for employers who 
knowingly hire undocumented workers, and increased 
enforcement at U.S. borders. 

Indefinite Parolee — See Parolee. 

International Representative — As a nonimmigrant 
class of admission, an alien coming temporarily to the 
United States as a principal or other accredited 
representative of a foreign government (whether of- 
ficially recognized or not recognized by the United 
States) to an international organization, an international 
organization officer or employee, and all above aliens' 
spouses and unmarried minor (or dependent) children. 

Intracompany Transferee — An alien, employed by an 
international firm or corporation, who seeks to enter the 
United States temporarily in order to continue to work 
for the same employer, or a subsidiary or affiliate, in 
a capacity that is primarily managerial, executive, or 
involves specialized knowledge. 

Investor — An immigrant who is present in the United 
States and who, on or before June 1, 1978, qualified 



as a nonpreference immigrant because the alien had 
invested capital (before June 1 , 1 978) in a business in 
the United States in which the alien was one of the prin- 
cipal managers, and had applied for adjustment to 
lawful permanent resident status. These immigrants 
and their spouses and children are exempt from the 
worldwide numerical limitation of 270,000. However, if 
the sum of these immigrant classes plus the foreign 
medical graduate classes plus the numerically 
restricted classes exceeds the limitations (for a 
dependency, an independent country, or worldwide) in 
any fiscal year, the respective limitation of the area is 
reduced by that excess for the following year. As a 
nonimmigrant class of admission, see Treaty Trader or 
Investor. 

IRCA— See Immigration Reform and Control Act of 
1986. 

Labor Certification— Requirement falling on 1) those 
persons whose immigration to the United States is bas- 
ed on job skills (third, sixth, and nonpreference im- 
migrant categories) and 2) nonimmigrant temporary 
workers (H-2s) coming to perform services unavailable 
in the United States. Labor certification is awarded by 
the Secretary of Labor when there are insufficient 
numbers of U.S. workers available to undertake the 
employment sought by an applicant and when the 
alien's employment will not have an adverse affect on 
the wages and working conditions of U.S. workers 
similarly employed. Determination of labor availability 
in the United States is made at the time of a visa ap- 
plication and at the location where the applicant wishes 
to work. 

Legalized Aliens— Certain illegal aliens are eligible to 
apply for temporary resident status under the legaliza- 
tion provision of the Immigration Reform and Control 
Act of 1986. To be eligible, aliens must have con- 
tinuously resided in the United States in an unlawful 
status since January 1, 1982, not be excludable, and 
have entered the United States either 1) illegally before 
January 1, 1982 or 2) as temporary visitors before 
January 1, 1982, with their authorized stay expiring 
before that date or with the Government's knowledge 
of their unlawful status before that date. Legalization 
consists of two stages — temporary and then perma- 
nent residency. The one-year application period for 
temporary residency began on May 5, 1987 and end- 
ed May 4, 1988. The application period for permanent 
residency begins on December 5, 1988 and ends on 
December 4, 1990. Those granted temporary residence 
must apply for permanent residence within a one-year 
period beginning in the 19th month after their initial 
application. In order to adjust to permanent status, 
aliens must have had continuous residence in the 
United States, be admissible as an immigrant, and 
demonstrate minimal understanding and knowledge of 
the English language and U.S. history and government. 



137 



Median age— The age which divides the population 
into two equal sized groups, one younger and one 
older than the median. 

Medical and Legal Parolee— See Parolee. 

Nationality— The country of a person's citizenship. For 
nonimmigrant data, citizenship refers to the alien's 
claimed country of citizenship. 

NATO Official— As a nonimmigrant class of admission, 
an alien coming temporarily to the United States as a 
member of the armed forces, or as a civilian employed 
by the armed forces, on assignment with a foreign 
government signatory to NATO (North Atlantic Treaty 
Organization), and the alien's spouse and unmarried 
minor (or dependent) children. 

Naturalization— The conferring, by any means, of 
citizenship upon a person after birth. 

Naturalization Court— Any court authorized to award 
U.S. citizenship. Jurisdiction for naturalization has been 
conferred upon the following courts: U.S. District Courts 
of all states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico; 
the District Courts of Guam and the Virgin Islands; and 
state courts. Generally, naturalization courts are 
authorized to award citizenship only to those persons 
who reside within their territorial jurisdiction. 

Naturalization Petition— The form used by a lawful 
permanent resident to apply for U.S. citizenship. The 
petition is filed with a naturalization court through the 
Immigration and Naturalization Service. 

New Arrival— A lawful permanent resident alien who 
enters the United States at a port of entry. The alien 
is generally required to present an immigrant visa 
issued outside the United States by a consular officer 
of the Department of State. Three classes of im- 
migrants, however, need not have an immigrant visa 
to enter the United States — children born abroad to 
lawful permanent resident aliens, children born subse- 
quent to the issuance of an immigrant visa to accom- 
panying parents, and American Indians born in 
Canada. 

Nonimmigrant— An alien who seeks temporary entry 
to the United States for a specific purpose. The alien 
must have a permanent residence abroad and qualify 
for the nonimmigrant classification sought. The nonim- 
migrant classifications are: foreign government officials, 
visitors for business and for pleasure, aliens in transit 
through the United States, treaty traders and investors, 
students, international representatives, temporary 
workers and trainees, representatives of foreign infor- 
mation media, exchange vistors, fiances(ees) of U.S. 
citizens, intracompany transferees, and NATO officials. 
Most nonimmigrant classes can be accompanied or 
joined by spouses and unmarried minor (or dependent) 
children. Although refugees, parolees, withdrawals, and 



stowaways are considered nonimmigrants upon arrival 
to the United States, these classes as well as crewmen, 
are not included in nonimmigrant admission data. See 
other sections of Glossary for detailed descriptions of 
classes of nonimmigrant admission. 

Nonpreference Category— Nonpreference visas are 
available to any qualified applicant not entitled to one 
under the other preferences. Nonpreference numbers 
have been unavailable since September 1978 because 
of high demand in the preference categories. An addi- 
tional 5,000 nonpreference visas are available in fiscal 
years 1987 and 1988 under a provision of the Immigra- 
tion Reform and Control Act of 1986. Aliens born in 
countries from which immigration was adversely af- 
fected by the Immigration and Nationality Act Amend- 
ments of 1965 (P.L. 89-236) are eligible for the 5,000 
visas, which are issued above the worldwide limitation 
of 270,000. 

Occupation— For an alien entering the United States 
or adjusting without a labor certification, occupation 
refers to the employment held in the country of last or 
legal residence or in the United States. For an alien 
with a labor certification, occupation is the employment 
for which certification has been issued. Labor certifica- 
tion would be issued to third, sixth, and nonpreference 
immigrants or to nonimmigrant temporary workers 
(H-2s) performing labor or services unavailable in the 
United States. 

Occupational Preferences— The third and sixth 
categories of the immigrant preference system. Third 
preference allows for the admission of members of the 
professions, and scientists or artists of exceptional abili- 
ty. Sixth preference covers skilled or unskilled occupa- 
tions for which labor is in short supply in the United 
States. 

Orphans— For immigration purposes, a child whose 
parents have died or disappeared, or who has been 
abandoned or otherwise separated from both parents. 
An orphan may also be a child whose sole surviving 
parent is incapable of providing that child with proper 
care and who has, in writing, irrevocably released the 
child for emigration and adoption. In order to qualify 
as an immediate relative, the orphan must be under 
the age of sixteen at the time a petition is filed on his 
or her behalf. To enter the United States, an orphan 
must have been adopted abroad by a U.S. citizen or 
be coming to the United States for adoption by a citizen. 

Panama Canal Act Immigrants— Three categories of 
special immigrants established by Public Law 96-70 
(Act of 9/27/79): 1) certain former employees of the 
Panama Canal Company or Canal Zone Government, 
their spouses and children; 2) certain former employees 
of the U.S. government in the Panama Canal Zone, 
their spouses and children; and 3) certain former 



138 



employees of the Panama Canal Company or Canal 
Zone Government on April 1 , 1979, their spouses and 
children. The Act provides for admission of a maximum 
of 15,000 immigrants, at a rate of no more than 5,000 
a year. They are not, however, subject to the worldwide 
limitation. 

Parolee— An alien, appearing to be inadmissable to the 
inspecting officer, allowed to enter the United States 
under emergency (humanitarian) conditions or when 
that alien's entry is determined to be in the public in- 
terest. Parole does not constitute a formal admission 
to the United States and confers temporary admission 
status only, requiring parolees to leave when the con- 
ditions supporting their parole cease to exist. Although 
these aliens are technically considered nonimmigrants 
upon arrival, parolees are not included in nonimmigrant 
admission data. Definitions of parolees include: 

1) Indefinite parolee— Parole is usually set for a 
specified period of time according to the condi- 
tions of parole. In some cases, as conditions war- 
rant, the period of parole is specified as 
indefinite. 

2) Deferred inspection— Parole may be granted to 
an alien who appears not to be clearly admissi- 
ble to the inspecting officer. An appointment will 
be made for the alien's appearance at another 
Service office where more information is 
available and the inspection can be completed. 

3) Medical and legal parolee— Parole may be 
granted to an alien who has a serious medical 
condition which would make detention or return 
inappropriate or who is to serve as a witness in 
legal proceedings or is subject to prosecution in 
the United States. 

Per-Country Limit— The maximum number of im- 
migrant visas that can be issued to any one country 
in a fiscal year. Natives of independent countries can 
currently be issued no more than 20,000 visa numbers 
and natives of their dependencies no more than 600 
of that total. The per-country limit does not indicate, 
however, that a country will be given 20,000 visa 
numbers each year, just that it cannot receive more 
than that number. Because of the combined workings 
of the preference system and per-country limits, most 
countries do not reach this level of visa issuance. 

Port of Entry— Any location in the United States or its 
territories which is designated as a point of entry for 
aliens and U.S. citizens. All district and files control of- 
fices are also considered ports since they become loca- 
tions of entry for aliens adjusting to immigrant status. 

Preinspection— Complete immigration inspection of 
airport passengers before departure from a foreign 
country. No further immigration inspection is required 



upon arrival in the United States other than submission 
of INS Form 1-94 for nonimmigrant aliens. 

Preference System— The six categories among which 
270,000 immigrant visa numbers are distributed each 
year: unmarried sons and daughters (over 21 years of 
age) of U.S. citizens (20 percent); spouses and unmar- 
ried sons and daughters of aliens lawfully admitted for 
permanent residence (26 percent); members of the pro- 
fessions or persons of exceptional ability in the 
sciences and arts (10 percent); married sons and 
daughters of U.S. citizens (10 percent); brothers and 
sisters of U.S. citizens over 21 years of age (24 per- 
cent); and needed skilled or unskilled workers (10 per- 
cent). A seventh nonpreference category, historically 
open to immigrants not entitled to a visa number under 
one of the six preferences just listed, has had no 
numbers available since September 1978. 

Principal Alien— The alien from whom another alien 
derives a privilege or status under immigration law or 
regulations (usually spouses and minor children). 

Refugee— Any person who is outside his or her coun- 
try of nationality who is unable or unwilling to return 
to that country because of persecution or a well- 
founded fear of persecution. Persecution or the fear 
thereof may be based on the alien's race, religion, na- 
tionality, membership in a particular social group, or 
political opinion. People with no nationality must be out- 
side their country of last habitual residence to qualify 
as a refugee. Refugees are exempt from numerical 
limitation and are eligible to adjust to lawful permanent 
residence after one year of continuous presence in the 
United States. Although these aliens are considered 
nonimmigrants when initially admitted to the United 
States, refugees are not included in nonimmigrant ad- 
mission data. 

Refugee Approvals— The number of refugees approv- 
ed for admission to the United States during a fiscal 
year. Refugee approvals are made by Immigration and 
Naturalization Service officers in overseas offices. 

Refugee Arrivals— The number of refugees the Im- 
migration and Naturalization Service initially admits to 
the United States through ports of entry during a fiscal 
year. 

Refugee Authorized Admissions— The maximum 
number of refugees allowed to enter the United States 
in a given fiscal year. As set forth in the Refugee Act 
of 1980 (Public Law 96-212) the annual figure is deter- 
mined by the President after consultations with 
Congress. 

Refugee Conditional Entrant— An alien who entered 
the United States or who adjusted to lawful permanent 
resident status under the seventh preference category 
of Public Law 89-236 (Act of 10/3/65). Visa numbers 



139 



for conditional entrants were limited to six percent of 
the total numerical limitation. The seventh preference 
was abolished by the Refugee Act of 1980 (P.L. 96-212) 
and the six percent limitation assigned to second 
preference. At the same time, the worldwide numerical 
limit for immigrants was reduced from 290,000 to 
270,000 per fiscal year. 

Refugee-Parolee— A qualified applicant for conditional 
entry, between February 1970 and April 1980, whose 
application for admission to the United States could not 
be approved because of inadequate numbers of 
seventh preference visas. As a result, the applicant was 
paroled into the United States under the parole authori- 
ty granted the Attorney General. 

Region— Any one of four areas of the United States 
into which the Immigration and Naturalization Service 
divides jurisdiction for administrative purposes — 
Eastern Region, Southern Region, Northern Region, 
and Western Region. 

Registry Date— Aliens who have continuously resid- 
ed in the United States in an unlawful status since 
January 1, 1972 are eligible to adjust to legal perma- 
nent resident status under the registry provision. Before 
the date was amended by the Immigration Reform and 
Control Act of 1986, aliens had to have been in the 
country continuously since June 30, 1948 to qualify. 

Relative Preferences— The first, second, fourth, and 
fifth categories of the immigrant preference system. 
The first preference allows the entry of unmarried sons 
and daughters (over 21 years of age) of U.S. citizens. 
The second preference covers spouses and unmarried 
sons and daughters of aliens lawfully admitted for per- 
manent residence. The fourth preference allows for the 
entry of married sons and daughters of U. S. citizens. 
The fifth preference deals with the brothers and sisters 
of U.S. citizens, provided such citizens are at least 21 
years of age. 

Required Departure— The directed departure of an 
alien from the United States without an order of depor- 
tation. The departure may be voluntary or involuntary 
on the part of the alien, and may or may not have been 
preceded by a hearing before an immigration judge. 
Data for a fiscal year cover the required departures 
verified in that fiscal year. Airlines, ship companies, or 
port officials provide the Immigration and Naturaliza- 
tion Service with the departure data on aliens required 
to depart. Detailed required departure data cover only 
those aliens placed under docket control. The data do 
not include aliens who are required to depart directly 
under safeguards, i.e., those aliens who immediately 
are turned out of the United States. The latter cases 
are counted for workload purposes and are included 
in required departure tables 59 and 70. 



Silva Immigrants— Immigrants from independent 
Western Hemisphere countries and their spouses and 
children who were issued preference numbers under 
the Silva Program (1977-81). The Silva Program was 
instituted by court order to provide for the recapture of 
144,999 preference visa numbers originally used for 
Cuban refugee adjustments. Silva numbers, although 
subject to an overall numerical limitation, were assign- 
ed in addition to the annual worldwide ceiling. 

Special Agricultural Workers (SAW)— Aliens who 

have performed labor in perishable agricultural com- 
modities for a specified period of time and are admissi- 
ble as immigrants may become temporary and then 
permanent residents under a provision of the Immigra- 
tion Reform and Control Act of 1986. The 18- month 
application period began June 1, 1987 and ends 
November 30, 1988. Up to 350,000 aliens who have 
worked at least 90 days in each of the 3 years 
preceding May 1, 1986 are eligible for Group I tem- 
porary resident status. Eligible aliens who qualify under 
this requirement but apply after the 350,000 limit has 
been met and aliens who performed labor in perishable 
agricultural commodities for at least 90 days during the 
year ending May 1 , 1986 are eligible for Group II tem- 
porary resident status. Adjustment to permanent resi- 
dent status is essentially automatic for both groups; 
however, aliens in Group I are eligible on December 
1 , 1989 and those in Group II are eligible one year later 
on December 1, 1990. 

Special Immigrants— Certain categories of immigrants 
exempt from numerical limitations on visa issuance: 
persons who lost citizenship by marriage; persons who 
lost citizenship by serving in foreign armed forces; 
ministers of religion, their spouses and children; cer- 
tain employees and former employees of the U.S. 
Government abroad, their spouses and children; 
Panama Canal Act immigrants; certain foreign medical 
school graduates, their spouses and children; and cer- 
tain retired employees of international orgainzations, 
their spouses and children. 

Special Naturalization Provisions— Provisions cover- 
ing special classes of persons who may be naturaliz- 
ed even though they do not meet all the general re- 
quirements for naturalization. Such special provisions 
allow: 1) wives or husbands of U.S. citizens to be 
naturalized in three years instead of the prescribed five 
years; 2) a surviving spouse of a U.S. citizen who serv- 
ed in the armed forces to file in any naturalization court 
instead of where he/she resides; 3) children of U.S. 
citizen parents to be naturalized without meeting the 
literacy or government-knowledge requirements or tak- 
ing the oath, if too young to understand the meaning. 
Other classes of persons who may qualify for special 
consideration are former U.S. citizens, servicemen. 



140 



seamen, and employees of organizations promoting 
U.S. interests abroad. 

Stateless — Having no nationality. 

Stowaway — An alien coming to the United States sur- 
reptitiously on an airplane or vessel without legal status 
of admission who, therefore, is subject to denial of for- 
mal admission and return to the point of embarkation 
by the transportation carrier. 

Student— As a nonimmigrant class of admission, an 
alien coming temporarily to the United States to pur- 
sue a full course of study in an approved program in 
either an academic (college, university, seminary, con- 
servatory, academic high school, elementary school, 
other institution, or language training program) or a 
vocational or other recognized nonacademic institution. 

Subject to Numerical Limitations— Condition impos- 
ed on all immigration to the United States, except for 
the immediate relatives of U.S. citizens and certain 
special immigrants. The number of aliens accorded 
lawful permanent residence under the provisions of the 
preference system must not exceed 270,000 in any 
fiscal year. The preference system provides for the ad- 
mission of relatives of citizens (other than immediate 
relatives), immediate relatives of lawful permanent resi- 
dent aliens, aliens in specified occupations, as well as 
other immigrants. 

Suspension of Deportation— A discretionary benefit 
adjusting an alien's status from that of deportable alien 
to one lawfully admitted for permanent residence. Ap- 
plication for suspension of deportation is made during 
the course of a deportation hearing before an immigra- 
tion judge. 

Temporary Worker — Temporary worl<ers consist of 
three categories of nonimmigrant alien workers: 1) 
aliens of distinguished merit and ability coming tem- 
porarily to the United States to perform services of an 
exceptional nature; 2) aliens coming to the United 
States to perform temporary sevices or labor, if 
unemployed persons capable of performing the service 
or labor cannot be found in the United States (see also 
Agricultural Workers); and 3) aliens coming temporari- 
ly to the United States as trainees, other than to receive 
graduate medical education or training. 

Transit Alien— An alien in immediate and continuous 



transit through the United States, with or without a visa, 
including 1) aliens who qualify as persons entitled to 
pass in transit to and from the United Nations Head- 
quarters District and foreign countries and 2) foreign 
government officials and their spouses and unmarried 
minor (or dependent) children in transit. 

Transition Quarter— The three-month period— July 1 
through September 30, 1976 — between fiscal year 
1976 and fiscal year 1977. At that time, the fiscal year 
definition shifted from July 1 - June 30 to October 1 - 
September 30. 

Transit Without Visa (TWOV)— An alien traveling 
without a nonimmigrant visa under section 238 of the 
immigration law. 

Treaty Trader or Investor— As a nonimmigrant class 
of admission, an alien coming temporarily to the United 
States, under the provisions of a treaty of commerce 
and navigation between the United States and the 
foreign state of such alien, to carry on substantial trade 
or to direct the operations of an enterprise in which he 
has invested a substantial amount of capital, and the 
alien's spouse and unmarried minor (or dependent) 
children. 

Unmarried Alien — An alien, who is not married at the 
time an application is filed. 

Virgin Islands Adjustment Act— Public Law 97-271 
(Act of 9/30/82) provides for the adjustment to lawful 
permanent resident status of certain nonimmigrants 
who entered the Virgin Islands as temporary workers 
or as the spouse or child of such a worker. Aliens who 
are eligible to adjust under this act must have resided 
in the Virgin Islands since June 30, 1975. 

Withdrawal— An alien's voluntary removal of an ap- 
plication for admission to the United States in lieu of 
an exclusion hearing before an immigration judge. 
Although these aliens are technically considered 
nonimmigrants when applying for entry, withdrawals 
are not included in the nonimmigrant admission data. 

Worldwide Ceiling— The numerical limit imposed on 
immigrant visa issuance worldwide beginning in fiscal 
year 1979. The current ceiling totals 270,000 visa 
numbers. Prior to enactment of Public Law 96-212 on 
March 17, 1980, the worldwide ceiling was 290,000. 
The ceiling in fiscal year 1980 was 280,000. 



141 



TABLE GENEALOGY 



Immigrants 

1987 

4. Immigrants by type and detailed class of admission 

5. Immigrants by class of admission and foreign state of chargeability 

6. Immigrants by type of admission and country of birth 

7. Immigrants by class of admission and country of birth 

8. Immigrants by class of admission and country of last permanent residence 

9. Immigrants adjusted to permanent resident status by status at entry and country of birth 

10. Immigrants admitted in current fiscal year by calendar year of entry, type of admission, and country of 

birth 

12. Immigrants by country of birth, age, and sex 

13. Immigrants by marital status, age, and sex 

14. Immigrants admitted as orphans by sex, age, and country of birth 

15. Immigrant new arrivals by port of entry 

16. Immigrants by country of birth and state of intended residence 

18. Immigrants by country of birth and metropolitan statistical area of intended residence 

19. Immigrant beneficiaries of occupational preferences admitted by type of admission and occupation. . . . 

20. Immigrants admitted by occupation group and country of birth 

Refugees, Asylees 

24. Refugee-status applications by geographic area and country of chargeability 

27. Refugees granted permanent resident status in current fiscal year by calendar year of-entry and country 

of birth 

28. Refugees granted permanent resident status by country birth, age, and sex 

29. Refugees granted permanent resident status by country of birth and state of residence 

31 . Individuals granted asylum by INS district directors by nationality 

32. Asylum cases filed with INS district directors by nationality 

33. Asylum cases filed with INS district directors by INS office 

34. Asylees granted permanent resident status by country of birth, age, and sex 

35. Asylees granted permanent resident status by country of birth and state of residence 

36. Asylees granted permanent resident status in current fiscal year by calendar year of entry and country of 

birth 

40. Refugees and asylees granted permanent resident status by country of birth and metropolitan statistical 
area of residence 



142 



TABLE GENEALOGY 



Immigrants 


















1986 


1985 


1984 


1983 


1982 


1981 


1980 


1979 


1978 


1977 


4 


IMM 1.5 


IMM 1.5 


IMM 1,5 


IMM 1.5 


4A 


4 


4 


4 


4 


5 


IMM 2.1 


IMM 2.1 


IMM 2.1 


IMM 2.1 


5 


5 


7A 


7A 


7A 


6 


IMM 2.2 


IMM 2.2 


IMM 2.2 


IMM 2.2 


6 


6 


NA 


NA 


NA 


7 


IMM 2.3 


IMM 2.3 


IMM 2.3 


IMM 2.3 


7 


7 


6 


6 


6 


8 


IMM 2.4 


IMM 2.4 


IMM 2.4 


IMM 2.4 


NA 


NA 


6A 


6A 


6A 


9 


IMM 3.2 


IMM 3.2 


IMM 3.2 


IMM 3.2 


NA 


NA 


6C 


6C 


6C 


10 


IMM 3.3 


IMM 3.3 


IMM 3.3 


IMM 3.3 


NA 


NA 


6D 


6D 


6D 


12 


IMM 4.3 


IMM 4.3 


IMM 4.3 


IMM 4.3 


15 


15 


9 


9 


9 


13 


IMM 4.2 


IMM 4.2 


IMM 4.2 


IMM 4.2 


NA 


NA 


10A 


10A 


10A 


14 


IMM 2.5 


IMM 2.5 


IMM 2.5 


IMM 2.5 


12 


12 


NA 


NA 


NA 


15 


IMM 5.1 


IMM 5.1 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


16 


NA 


NA 


IMM 5.3 


IMM 5.3 


NA 


NA 


12A 


12A 


12A 


NA 


IMM 5.3 


IMM 5.3 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


19 


IMM 6.6 


IMM 6.6 


IMM 6.6 


IMM 6.6 


NA 


NA 


8A 


8A 


8A 


18 


IMM 6.1 


MM 6.1 


IMM 6.1 


IMM 6.1 


NA 


NA 


8 


8 


8 



Refugees, Asylees 

21 REF1.3 REF 1.3 



REP 1.3 



REF 1.3 



NA 



NA 



NA 



NA 



NA 



24 


REF 5.2 


REF 5.2 


REF 5.2 


NA 


25 


REF 5.1 


REF 5.1 


REF 5.1 


NA 


26 


REF 5.4 


REF 5.4 


REF 5.4 


NA 


28 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


29 


REF 3.3 


REF 3.3 


REF 3.3 


NA 


30 


REF 3.2 


REF 3.2 


REF 3.2 


NA 


31 


REF 7.1 


REF 7.1 


REF 7.1 


NA 


32 


REF 7.4 


REF 7.4 


REF 7.4 


NA 


33 


REF 7.2 


REF 7.2 


REF 7.2 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 



NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 



NA — Not available. 



143 



Nonimmigrants 

1987 

41. Nonimmigrants by class of admission and country of last residence , 

42. Nonimmigrants by class of admission and country of citizenship 

43. Nonimmigrants admitted by detailed class of admission 

44. Nonimmigrants admitted as temporary workers, exchange visitors, and intracompany transferees by country 

of citizenship 

45. Nonimmigrants admitted by port of entry 

46. Nonimmigrants admitted by age and country of citizenship 

Naturalizations 

48. Persons naturalized by general and special naturalization provisions 

49. Persons naturalized by naturalization provisions and country of former allegiance 

51. Persons naturalized by sex, marital status, and major occupation 

53. Persons naturalized by country of former allegiance and state of residence 

54. Persons naturalized by country of former allegiance and metropolitan area of residence 

55. Persons naturalized by major occupation and country of former allegiance 

56. Persons naturalized in current fiscal year by calendar year of entry and country of birth 

57. Persons naturalized by country of former nationality, age, and sex 

Enforcement 

60. Deportable aliens located by status at entry and country of nationality 

62. Aliens excluded by region and country of birth 

63. Aliens under docket control required to depart by region and country of nationality: calendar year. . . . 

64. Aliens under docket control required to depart by cause and country of nationality 

66. Aliens deported by region and country of nationality: calendar year 

68. Aliens deported by cause and country of nationality 

69. Aliens deported and under docket control required to depart by status at entry 

70. Aliens deported and required to depart by region and district office 

71. Report of Service participation in the control of marijuana, narcotics, and dangerous drug traffic 

72. Principal activities and accomplishments of the Border Patrol 

Entries, Litigation, Legal Activity 

73. Primary inspections of aliens and citizens by state and port of entry 

74. Prosecutions, fines, and imprisonment for immigration and nationality violations 

75. Convictions for immigration and nationality violations 

76. Writs of habeas corpus, judicial review of orders of deportation, and declaratory judgements in exclusion 

and deportation cases 



144 



Nonimmigrants 

1986 1985 



37 
38 
39 



NIM 1.0 
NIM 1.1 
NIM 2.1 



1984 



1983 



NIM 1.0 NIM 1 
NIM 1.1 NIM 1.1 
NIM 2.1 NIM 2.1 



1982 

NIM 1 

NA 

NIM 1 



1981 

64 
NA 
64 



1980 

NA 
NA 
NA 



1979 

17 
NA 

4 



1978 

17 
NA 
4 



1977 

17 
NA 
4 



40 
41 
42 



NIM 5.1 
NIM 3.1 
NIM 4.1 



Naturalizations 



44 
45 
47 
49 
NA 
50 
51 
52 



NAT 1 .2 
NAT 2.1 
NAT 3.3 
NAT 4.2 

NA 
NAT 5.1 
NAT 5.2 
NAT 3.2 



Enforcement 



55 
57 
58 
59 
61 
63 
64 
65 
66 
67 



ENF 1.2 
ENF 2.2 

NA 
ENF 3.2 

NA 
ENF 4.2 
ENF 4.6 
ENF 4.8 
ENF 5.1 
ENF 5.2 



NIM 5.1 
NIM 3.1 
NIM 4.1 

NAT 1 .2 
NAT 2.1 
NAT 3.3 
NAT 4.2 

NA 
NAT 5.1 
NAT 5.2 
NAT 3.2 

ENF 1.2 
ENF 2.2 

NA 
ENF 3.2 

NA 
ENF 4.2 
ENF 4.6 
ENF 4.8 
ENF 5.1 
ENF 5.2 



NA 
NIM 3.1 
NIM 4.1 

NAT 1 .2 
NAT 2.1 
NAT 3.3 
NAT 4.2 

NA 
NAT 5.1 
NAT 5.2 
NAT 3,2 

ENF 1.2 
ENF 2.2 

NA 
ENF 3.2 

NA 
ENF 4.2 
ENF 4.6 
ENF 4.8 
ENF 5.1 
ENF 5.2 



Entries, Litigation, Legal Activity 

68 ENT 1 ENT 1 NA 

69 LIT 1 LIT 1 LIT 1 

70 LIT 2 LIT 2 LIT 2 



NA 
NA 
NA 

NAT 1 .2 
NAT 2.1 
NAT 3.3 
NAT 4.2 

NA 
NAT 5.1 
NAT 5.2 
NAT 3.2 

ENF 1.2 
ENF 2.2 

NA 
ENF 3.2 

NA 
ENF 4.2 
ENF 4.6 
ENF 4.8 
ENF 5.1 
ENF 5.2 

ENT 1 
LIT 1 
LIT 2 



NA 
NA 
NA 

20 
21 
25 
28 
NA 
26 
29 
24 

53 
37 
NA 
39 
NA 
42 
47 
58 
51 
52 

48 
60 
61 



NA 
NA 
NA 

20 
21 
25 
28 
NA 
26 
29 
24 

53 
37 
NA 
39 
NA 
42 
47 
61 
51 
52 

48 
63 
64 



NA 
17A 
NA 

37A 
38 
41A 
42A 
NA 
40 
44 
41 

30 
22 
NA 

24A 
NA 

24B 
29 
NA 
NA 
33 

19 
52 
53 



NA 
17A 
NA 

37A 
38 
41 A 
42A 
NA 
40 
44 
41 

30 
22 
NA 

24A 
NA 

24B 
29 
NA 
NA 
33 

19 
52 
53 



NA 
17A 
NA 

37A 

38 
41A 
42A 

NA 

40 

44 

41 

30 

22 

NA 

24A 

NA 

24B 

29 

NA 

NA 

33 

19 
52 
53 



71 



LIT 3 



LIT 3 



LIT 3 



LIT 3 



62 



65 



54 



54 



54 



NA — Not available. 



145 



Data Sources 



Data Series 



Form Number and Title 



Immigrants 



New arrivals (except children born subsequent to 
issuance of immigrant visa to accompanying alien 
parents; children born to lawful permanent 
resident aliens during temporary visits abroad; 
and American Indians born in Canada) 

Adjustments (and special new arrival cases listed 
above) 



Naturalizations 



Nonimmigrants 

Deportations 

Required Departures 

Exclusions 



Performance Analysis 
Refugees 

Asylees 

Apprehiensions 



OF-155 - (State Dept.) Immigrant Visa and Alien 
Registration 

OF-230 - (StateDept.) Application for Immigrant Visa 
and Alien Registration 



1-181 - Memorandum of Creation of Record of 
Lawful Permanent Residence 

N-400 - Application to File Petition for Naturalization 
N-402 - Application to File Petition for Naturalization 

in Behalf of Child 
N-405 - Petition for Naturalization 
N-480 - Naturalization Petitions Recommended to 

be Granted 

1-94 - Arrival/Departure Record 
1-154 - Deportation Docket Control Card 
1-154 - Deportation Docket Control Card 
1-161 - Record of Required Departure Authorized 
Prior to OSC Issuance 

1-259 - Notice to Detain, Deport, Remove, or 

Present Aliens 
1-275 - Notice of Withdrawal of Application for 

Admission to the U.S. 
1-295 - Notice of Decision (of Immigration Judge) 
1-296 - Notice of Alien Ordered Excluded by 

Immigration Judge 

G-23 - iReport of Field Operations 

G-319 - Report of Applicants for Refugee Status 

under Section 207, INA 
G-23. 3 - Supplement D-lnitial Admissions of 

Refugees 
1-590 - Registration for Classification as Refugee 

G-23. 3 - Supplement A-Asylum Cases Filed with 
District Directors Pursuant to Section 208, 
INA 

1-589 - Request for Asylum in the United States 

1-213 - Record of Deportable Alien 



146 



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