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BOSTON 

PUBLIC 

LIBRARY 




1\.Z./{0\ qqL\ 



Department of Justice 

igration and Naturalization Service 



994 

Statistical Yearbook 
of tiie 

Immigration and 
Naturalization 
Service 




M-367 



U.S. Department of Justice 

Immigration and Naturalization Service 



1994 

Statistical Yearbook 
of the 

Immigration and 

Naturalization 
Service 




Issued February 1996 




IMMIGRATION AND NATURALIZATION SERVICE 



February 1996 



Copies of each Statistical Yearbook from 1965 to 1994 (entitled Annual Report prior to 1978) can be purchased 
from the National Technical Information Service (NTIS), 5285 Port Royal Road, Springfield, VA 22161. Phone: 
(703) 487-4650. The NTIS order number for this report is PB 96-1 13725. 



Library of Congress 

National Serials Program 

International Standard Serial number: 

(ISSN) 0743-538X 



Suggested Citation 



U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service, Statistical Yearbook of the Immigration 
and Naturalization Service, 1994, U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, D.C., 1996 




U.S Department of Justice 

Immigration and Naturalization Service 



Office of the Commissioner 425 1 Street NW 

Washington, D.C. 20536 



The Attorney General 

United States Department of Justice 



I am pleased to submit the Statistical Yearbook of the Immigration and 
Naturalization Service for Fiscal Year 1994. This Yearbook contains information covering 
the entire spectrum of critical Service activities from border enforcement to naturalization. 
Answers to the most frequently asked statistical questions about immigration can be found 
in the Yearbook. 

In Fiscal Year 1994, the Service began a strategy of "deterrence through 
prevention" to control illegal entry across the Southwest border. With Operation Hold the 
Line in El Paso, TX, for example, the Border Patrol deployed additional agent strength 
directly on the front lines of the border, a strategy designed to deter attempts at illegal 
entry. In 1994, the Service made a total of 1.09 million border apprehensions. 

While working to control the border more effectively, the Service continued to 
confer citizenship and other legal immigration benefits. In 1994, more than 400,000 
former immigrants became United States citizens through naturalization. We also 
continued to see the effects of the Immigration Act of 1990, the most significant and 
comprehensive change in the structure of legal immigration in 25 years. For example, the 
number of legal immigrants dropped by 11 percent, from 904,300 in 1993 to 804,400 in 
1994. This type of general information about legal immigration, and the more detailed 
information about specific immigration categories provided in this Yearbook, will 
contribute to the public discussion about legal immigration policy. 

We hope that you and others find the information in this Yearbook useful. We will 
continue to provide accurate and current information about our immigration programs. 



mfcerdyT" 
Doris Meissner 





1994 Statistical Yearbook 
of the Immigration and 
Naturalization 
Service 



Contents 



General Information Page 

Introduction 11 

I. Immigrants 13 

II. Refugees 72 

III. Asylees 76 

rv. Nonimmigrants 94 

V. Naturalizations 124 

VI. Enforcement 157 

VII. Public Use Files 177 

VIII. Data Gaps 177 

Charts, Text Tables 
Charts 

a. Immigrants admitted by region of birth: selected fiscal years 1955-94 12 

B. Immigrants admitted to the United States from top five countries of last residence: 1821 to 1994 14 

C. Immigrants admitted: fiscal years 1900-94 17 

D. Immigrants admitted as immediate relatives of U.S. citizens: fiscal years 1970-94 18 

E. Percent age and sex distribution of U.S. population and immigrants admitted in fiscal year 1994 23 

F. Refugee and asylee initial admissions and admissions to lawful permanent resident status: fiscal years 1946-94 . 73 

G. Asylum applications filed with the INS: fiscal years 1973-94 77 

H. Nonimmigrants admitted as temporary workers, intracompany transferees, and exchange visitors from top 

twenty countries of citizenship: fiscal year 1994 95 

1. Nonimmigrants admitted by selected class of admission from top ten countries of citizenship: fiscal year 1994 .. 97 

J. Nonimmigrants admitted: fiscal years 1975-94 98 

K. Nonimmigrants admitted by month and selected class of admission: calendar years 1991-94 99 



Charts — Continued 



Page 



L. Nonimmigrants admitted by region of last residence: selected fiscal years 1955-94 100 

M. Nonimmigrants admitted as students and their families for top ten countries of citizenship: fiscal year 1994 101 

N. Persons naturalized by provision of law: fiscal years 1908-94 125 

0. Persons naturalized by decade and selected region of birth: fiscal years 1961-94 126 

P. Naturalizations of immigrants in residence before 1978 by year of naturalization: fiscal years 1989-94 127 

Q. Median length of residence of those naturalized by region of birth: fiscal years 1992 and 1994 128 

R. Naturalizations through fiscal year 1993 of immigrants admitted in fiscal year 1977 by year 129 

S. Naturalization rates through fiscal year 1993 of immigrants admitted in fiscal years 1977 and 1982 by age 131 

T. Immigrants admitted, calendar years 1970-79 by selected country of birth and naturalizations of those 

immigrants: fiscal years 1970-94 134 

U. Aliens apprehended: fiscal years 1951-94 158 

Text Tables 

A. Categories of immigrants subject to the numerical cap: unadjusted and fiscal year 1994 limits 15 

B. Immigrants admitted by major category of admission: fiscal year 1994 20 

C. Percent of immigrants admitted by region and period: fiscal years 1955-94 21 

D. Immigrants admitted from top twenty countries of birth: fiscal year 1994 22 

E. Refugee status applications filed and approved and refugees admitted by selected nationality: fiscal year 1994 . 74 

F. Asylum applicafions filed with the INS by Central Americans: fiscal years 1988-94 77 

G. Nonimmigrants admitted under the Visa Waiver Pilot Program by country of citizenship: fiscal years 1993-94 96 

H. Nonimmigrants admitted from top fifteen countries of last residence in fiscal year 1994, ranked by amount of 

change since fiscal year 1975 98 

1. Median years of residence by year of naturalization and region of birth: selected fiscal years 1965-94 127 

J. NaturalizaUons through fiscal year 1993 of immigrants admitted in fiscal years 1977 and 1982 by year 130 

K. Naturalization rates through fiscal year 1993 of immigrants admitted in fiscal year 1977 by selected country 

of birth 132 

L. Naturalization rates through fiscal year 1993 of immigrants admitted in fiscal year 1982 by selected country 

of birth 133 

M. Immigration and emigration by decade: 1901-90 178 

N. Estimated illegal immigrant population for top twenty countries of origin and top twenty states of residence: 

October 1992 179 



Contents — Continued 

Detailed Tables 



Immigrants 

Page 



1. Immigration to the United States: fiscal years 1820-1994 25 

2. Immigration by region and selected country of last residence: fiscal years 1820-1994 26 

3. Immigrants admitted by region and selected country of birth: fiscal years 1984-94 30 

4. Immigrants admitted by type and selected class of admission: fiscal years 1987-94 32 

5. Immigrants admitted by region of birth and type and class of admission: fiscal year 1994 33 

6. Immigrants admitted by class of admission and region and selected foreign state of chargeability under 

the preference categories: fiscal year 1994 40 

7. Immigrants admitted by type of admission and region and selected country of birth: fiscal year 1994 42 

8. Immigrants admitted by selected class of admission and region and selected country of birth: fiscal year 1994 ... 44 

9. Immigrants admitted by selected class of admission and region and selected country of last permanent residence: 

fiscal year 1994 46 

10. Immigrants admitted who were adjusted to permanent resident status by selected status at entry and region and 

selected country of birth: fiscal year 1994 48 

1 1 . Immigrants admitted in fiscal year 1994, by calendar year of entry, type of admission, and region and selected 

country of birth 50 

12. Immigrants admitted by age and sex: fiscal years 1984-94 52 

13. Immigrants admitted by selected country of birth, age, and sex: fiscal year 1994 53 

14. Immigrants admitted by marital status, age, and sex: fiscal year 1994 56 

15. Irmnigrant-orphans adopted by U.S. citizens by sex, age, and region and selected country of birth: fiscal year 1994 57 

16. Immigrant new arrivals admitted by selected port of entry and region and selected country of birth: 

fiscal year 1994 58 

17. Immigrants admitted by selected country of birth and state of intended residence: fiscal year 1994 60 

18. Immigrants admitted by state of intended residence: fiscal years 1986-94 63 

19. Immigrants admitted by selected country of birth and selected metropolitan statistical area of intended residence: 

fiscal year 1994 64 

20. Immigrant beneficiaries of occupational preferences admitted by type of admission and occupation: 

fiscal year 1994 67 

21 . Immigrants admitted by major occupation group and region and selected country of birth: fiscal year 1994 68 

22. Immigrant conditional status removals and terminations under the Marriage Fraud Amendments of 1986 by 

selected country of birth: fiscal year 1994 70 



Tables — Continued 

Refugees, Asylees 

Page 

23. Refugee-status applications: fiscal years 1980-94 79 

24. Refugee-status applications by geographic area and selected country of chargeability: fiscal year 1994 79 

25. Refugee approvals and admissions by geographic area of chargeability: fiscal years 1987-94 80 

26. Refugee arrivals into the United States by selected nationality: fiscal years 1988-94 81 

27. Refugees granted lawful permanent resident status in fiscal year 1994 by calendar year of entry and region and 

selected country of birth 82 

28. Asylum cases filed with INS District Directors and Asylum Officers: fiscal years 1973-94 83 

29. Number of individuals granted asylum by INS District Directors and Asylum Officers by selected nationality: 

fiscal years 1988-94 84 

30. Asylum cases filed with INS Asylum Officers by selected nationality: fiscal year 1994 85 

31. Asylum cases filed with INS Asylum Officers by asylum office and state of residence: fiscal year 1994 86 

32. Refugees and asylees granted lawful permanent resident status by enactment: fiscal years 1946-94 87 

33. Refugees and asylees granted lawful permanent resident status by region and selected country of birth: fiscal 

years 1946-94 88 

34. Refugees and asylees granted lawful permanent resident status by age and sex: fiscal years 1987-94 89 

35. Refugees and asylees granted lawful permanent resident status by region and selected country of birth: fiscal 

years 1985-94 90 

36. Refugees and asylees granted lawful permanent resident status by state of residence: fiscal years 1985-94 91 

37. Refugees and asylees granted lawful permanent resident status by selected country of birth and selected 

metropolitan statistical area of residence: fiscal year 1994 92 

Nonimmigrants 

38. Nonimmigrants admitted by selected class of admission and region and selected country of last residence: 

selected fiscal years 1981-94 102 

39. Nonimmigrants admitted by selected class of admission and region and selected country of citizenship: fiscal 

year 1994 104 

40. Nonimmigrants admitted by class of admission: selected fiscal years 1981-94 108 

41. Nonimmigrants admitted as temporary workers, exchange visitors, and intracompany transferees by region and 

selected country of citizenship: fiscal year 1994 110 

42. Nonimmigrants admitted by selected port of entry and region and selected country of citizenship: 

fiscal year 1994 116 

43. Nonimmigrants admitted by age and region and selected country of citizenship: fiscal year 1994 120 

44. Nonimmigrants admitted by selected class of admission and state of intended residence: fiscal year 1994 122 



Tables — Continued 

Naturalizations 

Page 

45. Petitions for naturalizations filed, persons naturalized, and petitions for naturalizations denied: fiscal 

years 1907-94 136 

46. Persons naturalized by general and special naturalization provisions: fiscal years 1989-94 137 

47. Persons naturalized by selected naturalization provisions and region and selected country of former allegiance: 

fiscal year 1994 138 

48. Persons naturalized by region and selected country of former allegiance: fiscal years 1985-94 140 

49. Persons naturalized by sex, marital status, and major occupation group: fiscal years 1989-94 142 

50. Persons naturalized by state of residence: fiscal years 1985-94 143 

51. Persons naturalized by selected country of former allegiance and state of residence: fiscal year 1994 144 

52. Persons naturalized by selected country of former allegiance and selected metropolitan statistical area of 

residence: fiscal year 1994 146 

53. Persons naturalized by major occupation group and region and selected country of former allegiance: 

fiscal year 1994 148 

54. Persons naturalized in fiscal year 1994 by calendar year of entry and region and selected country of birth 150 

55. Persons naturalized by selected country of former allegiance, age, and sex: fiscal year 1994 152 

56. Persons naturalized by age and sex: fiscal years 1985-94 154 

57. Naturalization rates through fiscal year 1993 of immigrants admitted in fiscal year 1977 by major class of 

admission and occupation 155 

58. Naturalization rates through fiscal year 1993 of immigrants admitted in fiscal year 1977 by selected 

country of birth 156 

Enforcement 

59. Aliens apprehended, deported, and required to depart: fiscal years 1892-1994 160 

60. Deportable aliens located by status at entry and region and selected country of nationality: fiscal year 1994 161 

61. Aliens excluded by cause: fiscal years 1892-1984 162 

62. Aliens excluded by cause: fiscal years 1985-94 162 

63. Aliens excluded by region and selected country of birth: fiscal years 1990-94 163 

64. Aliens under docket control required to depart by region and selected country of nationality: fiscal years 1990-94 164 



Tables — Continued 

Enforcement 

Page 

65. Aliens under docket control required to depart by cause and region and selected country of nationality: 

fiscal year 1994 165 

66. Aliens deported by cause: fiscal years 1908-80 166 

67. Aliens deported by cause: fiscal years 1981-94 166 

68. Aliens deported by region and selected country of nationality: fiscal years 1990-94 167 

69. Aliens deported by region and selected country to which deported: fiscal years 1990-94 168 

70. Aliens deported by cause and region and selected country of nationality: fiscal year 1994 169 

71. Aliens deported and under docket control required to depart by status at entry: fiscal years 1989-94 170 

72. Aliens deported and required to depart by region and district office: fiscal year 1994 171 

73. Service participation in the control of marijuana, narcotics, and dangerous drug traffic: fiscal years 1984-94 172 

74. Principal activities and accomplishments of the Border Patrol: fiscal years 1988-94 173 

Litigation, Legal Activity 

75. Prosecutions, fines, and imprisonment for immigration and nationality violations: fiscal years 1988-94 174 

76. Convictions for immigration and nationality violations: fiscal years 1988-94 174 

77. Writs of habeas corpus, judicial review of orders of deportation, and declaratory judgements in exclusion and 

deportation cases: fiscal years 1988-94 175 

Legislation 

78. Private immigration and nationality bills introduced and laws enacted: 77th through 103rd Congress 176 



Appendixes 

1. Immigration and Naturalization Legislation A. 1-1 

2. Immigration Limits: Fiscal Year 1994 A.2-2 

3. Glossary A.3-2 

4. Data Sources A.4-1 

5. Table Genealogy A.5-2 



NOTICE 



Recent changes in the political and geographical definitions of the Soviet Union, Yugoslavia, and Czechoslovakia 
have led to inconsistencies in the reporting of data. Information for these republics and the independent states 
emerging from them are presented in this edition of the INS Statistical Yearbook as follows: 

1. Soviet Union — On January 1, 1992, the United States formally recognized 12 independent republics within 
the former Soviet Union: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Belarus; Georgia; Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Moldova; Russia; 
Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Ukraine; and Uzbekistan. Though nationality codes have been established for these 
republics in the various INS data bases, a code remains for the Soviet Union. Complete data for fiscal year 1994 
are available separately for immigrants for country of birth and for most nonimmigrant data; therefore, where the 
independent republics are not shown separately, data are aggregated and presented for the former Soviet Union. 

2. Yugoslavia — On April 7, 1992, the United States formally recognized 3 independent states within the 
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, and Slovenia. Yugoslavia has 
officially dissolved as an independent republic; however, for purposes of statistical reporting, it will be shown to 
include the 3 independent states as well as Macedonia, Montenegro, and Serbia. (On February 8, 1994, 
Macedonia was recognized as an independent state.) Although nationality codes have been established for 
Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, and Slovenia (as well as Macedonia) in the various INS data bases, a code 
remains for Yugoslavia. Complete data for fiscal year 1994 are not available for the separate states; therefore, 
data are aggregated and presented only for the former Yugoslavia. 

3. Czechoslovakia — On January 1, 1993, the United States formally recognized 2 independent states within 
the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic (CSFR or Czechoslovakia): the Czech Republic and Slovak Republic 
(Slovakia). Czechoslovakia has officially dissolved as an independent republic; however, for purposes of 
statistical reporting, it will be shown to include the 2 independent states. Although nationality codes have been 
established for the Czech Republic and Slovakia in the various INS data bases, a code remains for 
Czechoslovakia. Complete data for fiscal year 1994 are not available for the separate states; therefore, data are 
aggregated and presented only for the former Czechoslovakia. 

4. Ethiopia / Eritrea — On April 27, 1993, the United States formally recognized Eritrea as a sovereign 
country, independent of Ethiopia. Complete data for fiscal year 1994 are not available for Eritrea; therefore, data 
for Eritrea are included with Ethiopia. 



10 



INTRODUCTION 




* 
* 



This Yearbook provides immigration data for 1994 along with 
related historical information. The major areas covered 
include: immigrants admitted for legal permanent residence; 
refugees approved and admitted; nonimmigrant arrivals (e.g., 
tourists, students, etc.); aliens naturalized; and aliens 
apprehended and expelled. 

The statistics for 1994 reflect a decrease of immigration to the 
United States; an all-time high in the number of tourists to the 
United States; and a decrease in the number of deportable 
aliens apprehended. 

Highlights for 1994 include: 

* 804,416 persons were granted legal permanent resident 
status in fiscal year 1994, a decrease of nearly 100,000 
from the year before. Much of the decrease between 
fiscal years 1993 and 1994 reflectes the self-regulating 
provisions of the Immigration Act of 1990. 

* Mexico was the country of birth of 1 1 1 ,398 
immigrants — the most of any country. More than 36 
percent of all immigrants were bom in Asia. 

* More than 70 percent of all immigrants intended to 
reside in six states: California, New York, Texas, 
Florida, New Jersey, and Illinois. 

* More than 1 of 4 immigrants intended to reside in New 
York City or Los Angeles. 

* The republics of the former Soviet Union surpassed all 
other countries for refugee arrivals with 44,095. 

More than 22 million nonimmigrants were admitted — 78 percent were tourists. 

Nearly 54 percent of all nonimmigrants arrived at four ports: Miami, New York, Los Angeles, and 
Honolulu. 

More than 394,000 foreign students entered the United States. 

The naturalization rates as of 1993 for immigrants admitted in 1977 range from Canada (14.5 
percent) to the Soviet Union (63.3 percent). Naturalization rates tend to be the highest for Asian, 
Eastern European, and African countries. 

Mexico was the leading country of birth for naturalized citizens with 39,310. 

Nearly 50 percent of the naturalized citizens during the 1981-94 period were bom in Asia. 

Apprehensions of deportable aliens decreased to 1.1 million — an 18 percent decrease from 1993. 

More than 30,000 criminal aliens were expelled during 1994. 

11 



Chart A. Immigrants Admitted by Region of Birth: 
Selected Fiscal Years 1955-94 



Thousands 
1,600 



1,400 



1,200 



1,000 - 



800 



600 



400 



200 








1955 



1960 



1965 



1970 



1975 



1980 



1985 1990 



1994 



Source: 1980-94, Table 3; 1955-75, previous Yearbooks. See Glossary for fiscal year definitions. 



12 



I. IMMIGRANTS 



Immigrants, as defined by U.S. immigration law, are 
persons granted legal permanent residence in the United 
States. They either arrive in the United States with 
immigrant visas issued abroad, or adjust their status in the 
United States from temporary to permanent residence. 
Certain groups of immigrants are subject to a numerical 
cap, while others are exempt from the cap. 

Legal immigration declined by 11.0 percent between fiscal 
years 1993 and 1994, from 904,292 to 804,416. This 
decline of 99,876 immigrants reflects the self-regulatory 
procedures built into the Immigration Act of 1990 
(IMMACT90), the most comprehensive change in 
immigration law in 25 years. The decline in immigration 
in fiscal year 1994 occurred in five categories. 

Employment-based Admissions 

Employment-based immigration declined from 147,012 in 
fiscal year 1993 to 123,291 in fiscal year 1994, a 16.1 
percent decrease. The primary reason was lack of demand 
for available visas. Fiscal year 1994 was the first year that 
the new provisions of immigration law reflected the true 
demand for professionals with advanced degrees or aliens 
of exceptional ability. 

IRCA Legalized Aliens and their Dependents 

By the beginning of fiscal year 1994, almost all of the 
aliens eligible for permanent resident status under the 
legalization provisions of the Immigration Reform and 
Control Act (IRCA) of 1986 had attained that status — 2.67 
million out of a potential 2.76 million immigrants. Since 
the remaining population eligible to adjust is now 
relatively small compared to recent years, the number of 
aliens adjusting status under the IRCA provisions declined 
to 6,022 in 1994. In addition, the number of dependents of 
legalized aliens decreased by approximately 21,000 
between fiscal years 1993 and 1994. IMMACT90 allowed 
for a maximum of 55,000 dependents of aliens legalized 
under IRCA to immigrate each year from 1992 to 1994. 
Under the law, the limit was reduced in 1994 when the 
number of immediate relatives of U.S. citizens exceeded 
239,000 in 1993. 

Immigrants Admitted as Family Members 

The total number of family preference immigrants 
declined between fiscal year 1993 and fiscal year 1994 by 
14,815, and in fiscal year 1994 fell short of the 226,000 
family preference limit by 14,039. Most of the decline 
occurred among spouses and children of legal permanent 
residents. Half of the difference resulted from persons 
who had been granted visas but did not use them in fiscal 



year 1994. The number of parents of U.S. citizens also 
declined — by 6,058, or 9.7 percent— from 62,428 in fiscal 
year 1993 to 56,370 in fiscal year 1994. 

Special Programs 

Immigration declined in several special programs nearing 
completion. Between fiscal years 1993 and 1994, the 
number of Amerasian children admitted to the United 
States declined by 74.6 percent, reducing the number 
admitted under this special program from 11,116 to 2,822. 
Also, the number of Indochinese and Soviet parolees 
declined, by 47.7 percent, from 15,772 to 8,253. The 
number of registered nurses who adjusted status under the 
Nursing Relief Act of 1989 dropped— from 2,178 to 304. 

Asylee Adjustments 

Asylees who adjusted to permanent resident status declined 
by nearly 50 percent, from 11,804 in fiscal year 1993 to 
5,983 in fiscal year 1994, as backlogs for persons awaiting 
adjustment were eliminated in 1994. 



More than 804,000 immigrants were 

granted legal permanent resident 

status during 1994. 

U.S. Immigration Policy 

U.S. law gives preferential immigration status to aliens 
with a close family relationship with a U.S. citizen or legal 
permanent resident, aliens with needed job skills, or aliens 
who qualify as refugees. Aliens in other categories usually 
account for relatively few admissions. Since 1989, 
however, nearly 2.7 million former illegal aliens have 
gained permanent resident status through the legalization 
provisions of IRCA. Immigration to the United States in 
fiscal year 1994 can be divided into two general categories: 
(1) those subject to the numerical cap and (2) those not 
subject to the numerical cap. 

Immigration Subject to the Numerical Cap 

Annual Cap on Immigration 

The Immigration Act of 1990 created an annual flexible 
cap on immigration of 700,000 during transition fiscal 
years 1992-94, and 675,000 thereafter (excluding refugee 
and asylee adjustments and certain other categories). 
During the transitional years, immigration law provided for 
465,000 family-sponsored immigrants, 140,000 
employment-based immigrants, 55,000 spouses and 
children of legalized aliens, and 40,000 diversity 
immigrants. Beginning in fiscal year 1995, the cap will 
encompass an increase in family-sponsored immigrants to 

13 



Chart B. Immigrants Admitted to tlie United States from the Top Five 
Countries of Last Residence: 1821 to 1994 



Thousands 
16,000 - 








Mexico 

Canada 

Cuba 

Philippines 

United 
Kingdom 

Other 


Mexico 


14,000 - 
12,000 - 


Italy 


Canada 
Germany 

I'^'y Germany 
Mexico Canada 
United Mg^j^Q 
Kingdom 

United 
Other Kinadom 


Philippines 

China ' 

Korea 

Vietnam 

Other 










10,000 - 






Austria/ 
Hungary 






Germany 

United 

Kingdom 

Ireland . , , 
Ireland 

Germany ^^^^^^ 

United ., , 
Norway/ 

^"g'^"'" Sweden 

France 


Germany 






8,000 - 


Soviet 
Union 
















■ 


United 
Kingdom 












6 000 - 








Ireland 


Canada 






Canada 


Other 






, 


Other 




1 






Italy 


United 
Kingdom 

1 Other 1 
















Italy 
Other 




4,000 - 


Ireland 

Germany 

United 
Kingdom 

Other 






Austria/ 
Hungary 

1 Other I 














■ 












2,000 - 












■ 










■ 












^_ 






1 




- 


^^^^ 


^^H 


_^^^( 






1821- 1841- 1861- 1881- 
1840 1860 1880 1900 


1901- 1921- 1941- 
1920 1940 1960 


1961- 
1980 


1981- 
1994^ 





China includes Mainland China and Taiwan. Fourteen-year period. Source; Table 2. See Glossary for fiscal year definitions. 



14 



480,000, continuation of 140,000 employment-based 
immigrants, and conversion of the temporary diversity 
program into a permanent category of 55,000 visas 
annually. 

Preference Immigrants 

The Immigration Act of 1990 maintained a preference 
system for legal immigrants rooted in family relationships 
and job skills. Table A provides a detailed description of 
the categories and limits for fiscal year 1994. The 
maximum number of visas allowed under the preference 



system in fiscal year 1994 was 369,213 — 226,000 for 
family-sponsored immigrants and 143,213 for 
employment-based immigrants. Within these overall 
limits, no more than 25,845 preference visas could be 
issued to persons born in any independent country and no 
more than 7,384 to natives of a dependency. The 
Department of State calculates the number of visas for the 
preference categories each year based on usage during the 
preceding year, and within a minimum of 366,000. The 
per-country limit is also calculated annually and is limited 
to 7 percent of the annual total; the limit for dependent 
areas is 2 percent of the annual total. 



Table A 
Categories of Immigrants Subject to the Numerical Cap: Unadjusted and Fiscal Year 1994 Limits 



Preference 



Provision 



Unadjusted FY 1994 
limit limit 



Family-sponsored immigrants 

Family-sponsored preferences 

First Unmarried sons and daughters of U.S citizens 

Second Spouses, children, and unmarried sons and daughters of 

permanent resident aliens 

Third Married sons and daughters of U.S. citizens 

Fourth Brothers and sisters of U.S. citizens (at least 21 years of age) 

Immediate relatives of adult U.S. citizens (spouses, children, and parents) and 
children bom abroad to alien residents 

Legalization Dependents 

Employment-based preferences 

First Priority Workers 

Second Professionals with advanced degrees or aliens of exceptional ability 



Third 

Fourth 
Fifth 

Diversity Transition 



Skilled workers, professionals, needed unskilled workers 
and Chinese Student Protection Act 

Special immigrants 

Employment creation ("Investors") 



465,000 ' 


465,000 ' 


226,000 


226,000 


23,400 ' 


23,400 ' 


114,200' 


114,200' 


23,400 ' 


23,400 ' 


65,000 ' 


65,000 ' 


Not 


Not 


limited 


limited 


55,000 


32,776 


140,000 


143,213 


40,040 ' 


40,918 ' 


40,040 ' 


40,918 ' 


40,040 ' 


40,918 ' 


9,940 


10,230 


9,940 


10,229 



40,000 



46,918 



Total 



700,000 687,907 



NOTE: The annual limit is adjusted based on visa usage in the previous year. 

The number of immediate relatives of U.S. citizens included in these figures is assumed to be 239,000. Immediate relatives may enter without any 
limitation; however, the Umit for family-sponsored preference visas in fiscal year 1994 is equal to 465,000 minus the number of immediate relatives 
admitted in the preceding year. The limit on family-sponsored preference visas cannot go below a minimum of 226,000 — the worldwide limit of 465,000 
minus 239,000. ' Plus unused family 4th preference visas. ^ Visas not used in higher preferences may be used in these categories. "* Plus unused 
employment 4th and 5th preference visas. 



15 



In 1990, Congress made the largest changes in family- 
sponsored preferences over previous law with 
modifications of the second preference category. The 
change effectively reduced the number of visas available 
for adult children of legal permanent residents beginning in 
1992 and increased the number of visas available for 
spouses and minor children. Exemption from the per- 
country limit also allowed spouses and minor children of 
legal permanent residents from particular countries (e.g., 
Mexico and the Dominican Republic) to immigrate to the 
United States sooner than would have been possible under 
the previous system. 

In addition to increasing the level of employment-based 
immigration, IMMACT90 allotted a higher proportion of 
visas to highly skilled immigrants. Prior to IMMACT90, 
27,000 visas were issued to highly skilled immigrants and 
their family members and 27,000 were issued to certain 
skilled workers, unskilled workers, and their family 
members. Beginning in 1992, approximately 110,000 
visas became available to skilled immigrants and 10,000 to 
unskilled workers. ' 

Transition Categories during 1992-94 

The Immigration Act of 1990 made visas for certain 
spouses and minor children of aliens legalized under the 
Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA) of 1986 
available during the 1992-94 transition. It limited the 
number of visas issued under this provision each year to 
55,000 minus the amount by which immediate relative 
immigrants exceeded 239,000 in the previous year. In 
fiscal year 1994, 32,776 of these visas were granted 
because the number of immediate relatives visas exceeded 
239,000 in fiscal year 1993. 

In 1990, Congress also sought to make visas available to 
countries adversely affected by the Immigration and 
Nationality Act Amendments of 1965. IMMACT90 
allowed for 40,000 immigrants to enter as diversity 
immigrants each year during the transition period. Natives 
of 34 countries were eligible for the program in 1992, 
based on a decrease in total immigration after the 1965 
amendments went into effect. ^ Congress also reserved a 
minimum of 40 percent of the 120,000 visas issued over 
the 3-year period for natives of Ireland. This temporary 
diversity program is replaced with a permanent program 
beginning in fiscal year 1995. 



The 110,000 visas reserved for highly skilled immigrants and their 
family members are allocated under the employment-based first, second, 
and third preferemces. Needed unskilled workers are limited to 10,000 
visas under a special category in the third preference. The remaining 
20,000 visas in the employment-based preferences are provided to special 
immigrants and immigrant investors who create jobs in the United States. 

Natives of Canada were added to the eligibility list beginning in fiscal 
year 1993. 

16 



Immigration Exempt from the Numerical Cap 

Immigration exceeds the numerical limit of 700,000, and 
for some countries is more than the per-country limit, 
because certain immigrants are exempt from the numerical 
cap. The major categories of immigrants exempt from the 
numerical cap are: 

Refugee and asylee adjustments; 
Amerasians bom in Vietnam; 

Certain parolees from the Soviet Union and Indochina; and 
Aliens who applied for adjustment of status after having 
unlawfully resided in the United States since January 1, 
1982 (IRCA legalization) and certain special agricultural 
workers. (The application period ended on November 30, 
1988.) 

Data Overview 

Approximately 9.6 million immigrants were granted 
permanent resident status during the past 10 years (1985- 
94), including 1.6 million legalized aliens who entered the 
United States before 1982. In comparison, during the 
decade beginning in 1905, when immigration to the United 
States was at its highest level, admissions totaled 10.1 
million. Although similar in number, arrivals expressed as 
rates of immigration relative to the total U.S. population 
during these two time periods are quite different. The 
average annual number of immigrants admitted from 
1985-94 was 3.8 immigrants per thousand U.S. residents; 
the annual rate during 1905-14 was 11.1,3 times as great. 

Immigration to the United States reached its lowest point 
during the Great Depression; in some years during the 
1930s more persons left the United States than entered. 
Immigration has generally increased since the end of 
World War II, and during fiscal year 1991 it reached the 
highest total ever recorded (Chart C), as a result of the 
legalization programs. The number of persons granted 
permanent resident status in 1992 and 1993 decreased to 
974,000 and 904,000, respectively, principally due to 
decreases in the number of adjustments under the 
legalization provisions. 

Immigration Subject to the Numerical Cap 

Family-sponsored preferences 

A total of 211,961 family-sponsored preference 
immigrants were admitted in fiscal year 1994, a decrease 
of 6.5 percent from 1993. The number of arrivals in fiscal 
year 1994 is below the limit of 226,000 in part because of 
normal processing lags in the Department of State's 
issuance of family-sponsored visas. Actual admissions are 
also typically lower than visa issuances because some 
intending immigrants decide not to migrate to the United 
States after they receive their visas. 



Chart C 
Immigrants Admitted: Fiscal Years 1900-94 




1900 



1910 



1920 



1930 



1940 



1950 



1960 



1970 



1980 



1994 



Source: Table 1. See Glossary for fiscal year definitions. 



Over half of the family-sponsored immigrants in fiscal 
year 1994 were admitted under the second preference 
category as spouses and children of alien residents 
(115,000). Of these, nearly 66,000 were exempted from 
the per-country limit under a special provision of the 1990 
law. This exemption has allowed for increased 
immigration for persons born in Mexico and the 
Dominican Republic, and shortened waiting times to enter 
the United States. Nearly 97 percent of the Mexican 
immigrants admitted in fiscal year 1994 were exempt from 
the country-specific limit. The leading countries of birth 
for family second preference immigrants in fiscal year 
1994 were Mexico (28,787), the Dominican Republic 
(18,197), El Salvador (9,776), and the Philippines (7,300). 

Immediate Relatives of U.S. Citizens 

The total number of immediate relatives of U.S. citizens 
admitted in fiscal year 1994 declined by 2.1 percent to 
249,764. Most of the decline is due to a nearly 10 percent 
decrease in the number of parents admitted, the second 
consecutive yearly decrease in this category. Immigrant 
parents increased from approximately 35,000 in fiscal year 
1984 to a high of 65,000 in fiscal year 1992 (Chart D), 
before falling to 56,000 in fiscal year 1994. 



The leading source countries for spouses of U.S. citizens 
in fiscal year 1994 were Mexico (19,828), the Dominican 
Republic (14,894), the Philippines (13,786), the United 
Kingdom (5,729), Canada (4,985), and Germany (4,467). 
The number of spouses of U.S. citizens admitted from the 
Dominican Republic increased 52 percent between fiscal 
years 1993 and 1994. Parents of U.S. citizens primarily 
were born in Asian countries (58 percent). 

A total of 8,200 orphans were admitted in fiscal year 1994. 
The leading source countries were Korea (1,757), Russia 
(1,324), China (748), Paraguay (497), and Guatemala 
(431). The number of Korean orphans reached a high of 
6,118 in fiscal year 1986 and has declined in each 
subsequent year. The number of Russian and Chinese 
orphans increased by 91 and 127 percent, respectively, 
between fiscal years 1993 and 1994. 

Legalization Dependents 

The number of spouses and children of legalized aliens 
entering under this transition category declined by 38 
percent to 34,074 because the limit was reduced from 
55,000 in 1993 to 32,776 in 1994. More than 97 percent 
of these immigrants were bom in Mexico. 



17 



Chart D 
Immigrants Admitted as Immediate Relatives of U.S. Citizens: Fiscal Years 1970-94 



Thousands 
160 -I 



140 - 



120 - 



100 - 



80 - 



60 - 



40 - 



20 - . 



,' *»-. 



Spouses 






Parents 



Children 



T 



T 



— I ' 1 — 

1976 1978 



T 



T 



T 



T 



T 



1970 1972 1974 



1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 



Source: Table 4. 



Diversity Transition 

The number of immigrants admitted under the Diversity 
Program in fiscal year 1994 was 41,056, up from 33,468 in 
1993. The diversity transition immigrants were natives of 
countries that Congress determined to be adversely 
affected by the Immigration and Nationality Act 
Amendments of 1965. Potential immigrants among the 
eligible countries were selected through a postcard lottery. 
_ The countries with the most immigrants in fiscal year 1994 
were Poland (17,495), Ireland (16,344), the United 
Kingdom (3,050), and Canada (1,010). Nearly 111,000 
diversity transition immigrants have been admitted during 
fiscal years 1992-94. 



Employment-based Preferences 

The reforms of the Immigration Act of 1990 nearly 
doubled the number of employment-based immigrants and 
their families admitted between fiscal years 1991 and 
1992, from 59,525 to 116,198. Employment-based 
immigration in fiscal year 1994 totaled 123,291, below the 
limit of 140,000. 

Fiscal year 1994 provides the most accurate picture so far 
of the effect of the new limits for employment-based 
immigration and the underlying demand for skilled 
workers in the United States. Before fiscal year 1994, the 
number of immigrants entering under the various 



employment-based preferences of IMMACT90 varied 
substantially due to the relatively large number of 
immigrants admitted under the Chinese Student Protection 
Act (CSPA) in 1993 and 1994, and the conversion of 
workers awaiting a visa under the old preference system. 
Workers awaiting a visa under third preference 
(professionals of exceptional ability) of the earlier law 
were automatically converted to the employment-based 
second preference of IMMACT90. The increase in the 
total number of employment visas under IMMACT90 
eliminated the backlog for professionals by fiscal year 
1992 and fiscal year 1993. The decline of nearly 44,000 in 
the number of second preference immigrants between 
fiscal years 1992 and 1994 also reflected this automatic 
conversion. The impact of the conversion was completed 
in fiscal year 1994. 

More than 60 percent of the employment-based 
immigrants admitted in fiscal year 1994 entered under the 
third preference. The 76,956 immigrants admitted under 
this category included skilled workers, professionals, 
needed unskilled workers, their families, and aliens subject 
to the Chinese Student Protection Act. The number of 
unskilled workers and their families, limited to 10,000 
annually, added 9,390 to total immigration in fiscal year 
1994. 

The number of first preference priority workers admitted 
in fiscal year 1994 was 21,053. More than 60 percent of 
these workers were executives or managers of 
multinational corporations. Other immigrants admitted 
under the first preference included aliens with 
extraordinary ability and outstanding professors or 
researchers. The second preference was the next highest 
category in fiscal year 1994. A total of 14,432 
professionals with advanced degrees or aliens of 
exceptional ability and their family members entered under 
the second preference. Special immigrants entering under 
the employment fourth preference numbered 10,406 in 
1994. This category included ministers, religious workers, 
former employees of the U.S. government, and retired 
employees of international organizations. More than half 
of the special immigrants in fiscal year 1994 were 
religious workers. The number of persons entering under 
the employment fifth preference, the employment creation 
or "Investor" category, was 444 in fiscal year 1994. 

Nearly 60 percent of the workers and their families 
admitted under the employment-based preferences were 
born in Asia. The countries with the largest number of 
employment-based immigrants in fiscal year 1994 
included China (33,559—20,925 under the CSPA), the 
Philippines (9,569), India (8,372), Canada (6,937), and the 
United Kingdom (5,161). 



The fiscal year 1993 and 1994 employment-based 
immigrants included aliens adjusted under the Chinese 
Student Protection Act. This Act allowed certain Chinese 
nationals living in the United States to adjust to permanent 
resident status under the employment third preference. 
These Chinese students and other temporary residents had 
formerly been provided temporary safe haven in wake of 
the Tiananmen Square incident. Most of the CSPA 
immigrants were issued immigrant visas in fiscal year 
1993, but were not counted in the total for that year 
because their applications were not processed by the time 
the fiscal year 1993 statistical compilations were 
completed. The number of CSPA adjustments was 26,915 
in fiscal year 1993 and 21,297 in fiscal year 1994. 

Immigrants Exempt from the Numerical Cap 

Approximately 142,000 immigrants admitted in fiscal year 
1994 were not subject to the numerical cap. The largest 
category of unrestricted immigrants included refugee and 
asylee adjustments. A total of 115,451 refugees adjusted 
to permanent resident status in fiscal year 1994, virtually 
the same as the year before (Table B). Refugees are 
eligible to become immigrants one year after they enter the 
United States; therefore, there is a lag between their arrival 
and adjustment to permanent resident status. The leading 
countries of birth for refugees included Vietnam (27,311), 
Ukraine (19,260), Cuba (11,729), and Russia (10,137). 
Asylees must also wait one year after they gain asylee 
status to apply for permanent resident status, and until 
1992 there was a limit of 5,000 adjustments per year. 
IMMACT90 increased the limit to 10,000 and exempted 
asylees who had applied for adjustment before June I, 
1990, from any numerical restrictions. As a result, the 
number of asylee adjustments increased from 4,937 in 
1990 to 22,664 in 1991 . The number of asylee adjustments 
decreased to 5,983 in fiscal year 1994 because the backlog 
of those waiting for adjustment declined. 

The Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 
established two major legalization provisions. A two-step 
legalization process applied to 1) unauthorized aliens who 
had resided in the United States continuously since 1982 
and 2) unauthorized agricultural workers who worked in 
certain perishable crops for at least 90 days during 1986. 
Approximately 1.76 million persons applied for temporary 
resident status (first step) under the 1982 requirement and 
1.28 million persons applied as agricultural workers. Over 
1.5 million aliens who had resided in the United States 
since 1982 and 1.09 million Special Agricultural Workers 
were granted permanent resident status (second step) 
during the 1989-93 period. Since most of the persons 
eligible for adjustment had attained that status in 1993 or 
earlier, the number of adjustments in 1994 dropped to 
6,022. 



19 



Table B 
Immigrants Admitted by Major Category of Admission: Fiscal Year 1994 



Category of admission 1994 1993 



Change 



Number Percent 



-57,660 


-8.0 


-20,257 


-4.2 


14,815 


-6.5 



All immigrants 804,416 904,292 -99,876 -11.0 

Subject to numerical cap 662,029 719,689 

Family-sponsored immigrants 463,608 483,865 

Family-sponsored preferences 211,961 226,776 

Unmarried sons/daughters of 

U.S. citizens 13,181 12,819 362 2.8 

Spouses & children of alien 

residents 115,000 128,308 -13,308 -10.4 

Married sons/daughters of 

U.S. citizens 22,191 23,385 

Siblings of U.S. citizens 61,589 62,264 

Immediate relatives of U.S. citizens 249,764 255,059 

Spouses ' 145,247 145,843 

Parents 56,370 62,428 

Children^ 48,147 46,788 

Children born abroad to alien 

residents 1,883 2,030 

Legalization dependents 34,074 55,344 

Employment-based immigrants 123,291 147,012 

Priority workers 21,053 21,114 

Profs, with advanced degrees or 

of exceptional ability 14,432 29,468 

Skilled, professionals, unskilled 76,956 87,689 

Chinese Student Protection Act .. 21,297 26,915 

Others 55,659 60,774 

Special immigrants 10,406 8,158 

Investors 444 583 

Diversity transition 41,056 33,468 

Not subject to numerical cap 142,387 184,603 

Amerasians 2,822 11,116 

Parolees (Soviet Union & Indochina) 8,253 15,772 

Refugee and asylee adjustments 121,434 127,343 

Total, IRCA legalization 6,022 24,278 

Resident since 1982 4,436 18,717 

Special Agricultural Workers 1,586 5,561 

Other 3,856 6,094 

' Includes fiances(ees) of U.S. citizens. ' Includes children of fiances(ees) of U.S. citizens. 
Source: Table 4. 

Admissions of other exempt immigrant groups — 1994 decreased by nearly 75 percent, to 2,822; the number 

Amerasians, parolees, and registered nurses — experienced should continue to decline in 1995 because almost all of 

significant decreases between fiscal years 1993 and 1994. the eligible Amerasians had migrated to the United States 

The number of Amerasians admitted as immigrants in as of the end of fiscal year 1994. 



-1,194 


-5.1 


-675 


-1.1 


-5,295 


-2.1 


-596 


-.4 


-6,058 


-9.7 


1,359 


2.9 


-147 


-7.2 


-21,270 


-38.4 


-23,721 


-16.1 


-61 


-.3 


-15,036 


-51.0 


10,733 


-72.2 


-5,618 


-20.9 


-5,115 


-8.4 


2,248 


27.6 


-139 


-23.8 


7,588 


22.7 


42,216 


-22.9 


-8,294 


-74.6 


-7,519 


-47.7 


-5,909 


-4.6 


-18,256 


-75.2 


-14,281 


-76.3 


-3,975 


-71.5 


-2,238 


-36.7 



20 



Region and Country 

The largest share of immigrants in fiscal year 1994 was 
from Asia (36.4 percent), followed by North America 
(33.8) (Table C). About one of five immigrants were bom 
in Europe, the highest percentage for Europe since 1974. 
African immigrants comprised 3.3 percent of the total, the 
highest ever recorded for that region. 

Mexico was the leading source country with 111,398 
immigrants, or 13.8 percent of the total (Table D). Otlier 
sending countries included China (53,985), the Philippines 
(53,535), the Dominican Republic (51,189), and Vietnam 
(41,345). The countries with the largest increases in 
immigration between fiscal years 1993 and 1994 were the 
Dominican Republic (5,769, 12.7 percent), Ireland (3,666, 
27.0 percent), and Haiti (3,239, 32.1 percent). The 
countries with the largest decreases in immigration were 
Vietnam (-18,269, -30.6 percent), China (-11,593, -17.7 
percent), the Philippines (-9,922, -15.6 percent), and El 
Salvador (-9,174, -34.2 percent). 

More than 30 percent of the immigrants admitted from 
Mexico in fiscal year 1994 were spouses and children of 
legalized aliens. This transition program for dependents 
of legalized aliens ended in fiscal year 1994. Relatives of 



legalized aliens are now considered in turn for family- 
based second preference visas. If their legalized petitioner 
naturalizes, however, they may enter as immediate 
relatives of U.S. citizens. 

The increase in immigration from the Dominican Republic 
resulted from immediate relatives of U.S. citizens (an 
increase of 9,503 between fiscal years 1993 and 1994). 
Immigration increased from Ireland due to the heavy use 
of the diversity transition category, and from Haiti as 
immigrant processing resumed in Port-au-Prince during 
fiscal year 1993. Immigration from Vietnam decreased for 
the second consecutive year, primarily due to decreases in 
Amerasian arrivals and parolee adjustments. 

Geographic Distribution 

Immigrants intended to settle in relatively few states and 
urban areas. The top 6 states of intended residence for 
immigrants admitted in fiscal year 1994 were California, 
New York, Florida, Texas, New Jersey, and Illinois. These 
states accounted for 69 percent of immigrants admitted in 
1994. They also have been the leading states of intended 
residence for new immigrants each year since 1971; 
California has been the leading state of residence every 
year since 1976. 



Table C 
Percent of Immigrants Admitted by Region and Period: Fiscal Years 1955-94 



Region 



1955-94 1955-64 1965-74 1975-84 1985-90 1991 



1992 



1993 



All regions 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 

Europe 

North and West 

South and East 

Asia 

Africa 

Oceania 

North America 

Caribbean 

Central America 

Other N. America .... 

South America 5.9 5.1 6.0 6.6 



100.0 



6.2 



4.4 



5.7 



6.0 



1994 



100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 



20.0 


50.2 


29.8 


13.4 


8.9 


7.4 


14.9 


17.5 


20.0 


8.8 


28.6 


11.0 


5.2 


4.0 


1.8 


5.3 


5.4 


6.0 


11.2 


21.6 


18.7 


8.1 


4.9 


5.6 


9.6 


12.1 


14.0 


29.9 


7.7 


22.4 


43.3 


33.8 


19.6 


36.6 


39.6 


36.4 


2.1 


.7 


1.5 


2.4 


2.6 


2.0 


2.8 


3.1 


3.3 


.6 


.4 


.7 


.8 


.5 


.3 


.5 


.5 


.6 


41.4 


35.9 


39.6 


33.6 


48.0 


66.3 


39.4 


33.3 


33.8 


12.7 


7.0 


18.0 


15.1 


12.0 


7.7 


10.0 


11.0 


13.0 


4.6 


2.4 


2.5 


3.7 


7.2 


6.1 


5.9 


6.4 


5.0 


24.1 


26.4 


19.0 


14.8 


28.8 


52.5 


23.5 


15.9 


15.9 



5.9 



Source: 1981-94, Table 3; 1955-80, previous Yearbooks. 



21 



Table D 
Immigrants Admitted from Top Twenty Countries of Birth: Fiscal Year 1994 



Category of admission 



1994 



1993 



Change 



Number 



Percent 



All countries 804,416 

1. Mexico 

2. China, Mainland 

3. Philippines 

4. Dominican Republic 

5. Vietnam 

6. India 

7. Poland 

8. Ukraine 

9. El Salvador 

10. Ireland 

11. United Kingdom 

12. Canada 

13. Korea 

14. Russia 

15. Cuba 

16. Jamaica 

17. Haiti 

18. Iran 

19. Colombia 

20. Taiwan 

Other 235,721 



904,292 



11,398 


126,561 


53,985 


65,578 


53,535 


63,457 


51,189 


45,420 


41,345 


59,614 


34,921 


40,121 


28,048 


27,846 


21,010 


18,316 


17,644 


26,818 


17,256 


13,590 


16,326 


18,783 


16,068 


17,156 


16,011 


18,026 


15,249 


12,079 


14,727 


13,666 


14,349 


17,241 


13,333 


10,094 


11,422 


14,841 


10,847 


12,819 


10,032 


14,329 



-99,876 



-11.0 



15,163 


-12.0 


11,593 


-17.7 


-9,922 


-15.6 


5,769 


12.7 


18,269 


-30.6 


-5,200 


-13.0 


202 


.7 


2,694 


14.7 


-9,174 


-34.2 


3,666 


27.0 


-2,457 


-13.1 


-1,088 


-6.3 


-2,015 


-11.2 


3,170 


26.2 


1,061 


7.8 


-2,892 


-16.8 


3,239 


32.1 


-3,419 


-23.0 


-1,972 


-15.4 


-4,297 


-30.0 



267,937 



-32,216 



-12.0 



More than one in four immigrants admitted in fiscal year 
1994 intended to reside in either New York City or Los 
Angeles. The leading metropolitan areas of intended 
residence included New York, NY (124,423) and Los 
Angeles-Long Beach, CA (77,112), followed by Chicago, 
IL (40,081), Miami-Hialeah, FL (29,108), Washington, 
DC-MD-VA (25,021), Boston-Lowell-Brockton, MA 
(18,709), and San Francisco, CA (18,641). 

Sex and Age 

The sex ratio of the immigrants admitted in fiscal year 
1994 was 86 males for every 100 females. This ratio is 
similar to historical levels; usually more females 
immigrate to the United States than males. During 1988- 
92, however, more men were admitted than women due to 
the IRCA legalization program. In 1991, the peak year for 
IRCA legalization adjustments, the sex ratio reached 198 
males for every 100 females. 



A comparison of age distributions shows that immigrants 
are relatively more concentrated in the age groups from 20 
to 34 years than the total U.S. population (Chart E). In 
1994 the median ages for the total U.S. population were 
32.9 years for males and 35.2 years for females. 
Immigrants in 1994 were younger, with median ages of 
27.6 years and 28.9 years, respectively. 

Occupation 

Approximately 36 percent of all immigrants admitted in 
1994 reported having an occupation at the time of entry or 
adjustment. Immigrants qualifying for immigrant status 
based on their job skills under the employment-based 
preferences (which totaled 62,723 admissions in 1994) 
enter the U.S. workforce in their reported occupations, as 
shown in Table 20. The remaining immigrants have 
reported either the occupation in their last job before 
immigration or the occupation in which they have been 
trained or are qualified to perform. 



22 



Chart E 
Percent Age and Sex Distribution of U.S. Population and Immigrants Admitted in Fiscal Year 1994 



Age 

80 + 
75-79 
70-74 
65-69 
60-64 
55-59 
50-54 
45-49 
40-44 
35-39 
30-34 
25-29 
20-24 
15-19 
10-14 
5-9 
0-4 



10 



Male 



m 



Female 



□ Immigrants, FY 1994 

□ U.S. Population 



n 



2 

Percent of total 



10 



Source: U.S. population data are provisional estimates for July 1, 1994 published by the U.S. Bureau of (he Census, U.S. Population Estiimites by A)ic. 
Sex. Race, and Hispanic Origin: 1990 to 1994. Series PPL-21; immigrants, Table 12. 



More than half of the employment-based immigrants have 
a professional specialty or technical occupation (51.4 
percent). ' The leading occupational groups following 
professionals are executive, administrative, and 
managerial occupations (20.7 percent); service 
occupations (14.9); precision production, craft, and repair 
occupations (4.3); and operator, fabricator, or laborer 
occupations (3.6). 

Nearly 69 percent of the priority workers (first preference) 
have an executive, administrative, or managerial 
occupation. The second and third preference professionals 
and skilled workers are concentrated in the professional 
specialty and technical occupations. For most 
employment-based immigrants, labor certification from 
the Department of Labor is generally required so that the 
entry of such persons will not adversely affect U.S. 
workers' wages or working conditions. 



Excluding those with an unknown occupation. 



Data Collection 

Aliens arriving from outside the United States (new 
arrivals) generally must have a valid immigrant visa issued 
by the U.S. Department of State to be admitted for legal 
permanent residence. Aliens already in the United States 
in a temporary status who are eligible to become legal 
permanent residents (adjustments) are granted immigrant 
status by the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service. 
The source of information on new arrivals is the immigrant 
visa (OF- 155, Immigrant Visa and Alien Registration, U.S. 
Department of State), and the source of information on 
adjustments is the form granting legal permanent resident 
status (1-181, Memorandum of Creation of Record of 
Lawful Permanent Residence, U.S. Immigration and 
Naturalization Service). After the immigrant is admitted, 
the immigrant visa and adjustment forms are forwarded to 
INS' Immigrant Data Capture (IMDAC) facility for 
processing. The IMDAC facility generates records that are 
the source of the statistics on immigrants presented in this 
report. Variables collected include: port of admission; 



23 



type (or class) of admission; countries of birth, last 
residence, and nationality; age, sex, and marital status; 
occupation; original year of entry and class of entry for 
those adjusting from temporary to permanent residence; 
and the state and zip code of the immigrant's intended 
residence. 

Limitations of Data 

The number of immigrants admitted for legal permanent 
residence in a year is not the same as the number of net 
migrants who entered the United States in that year. The 
reasons for the difference in counts are: 

1) Immigrant adjustments are reported in the year the 
aliens adjust their status to legal permanent residence and 
not in the year they migrate to the United States in a 
temporary status. 

2) Some migrants (such as parolees, refugees, and asylees) 
may never be counted as legal permanent residents even 
though they are permanently residing in the United States 
{i.e., they are not required to adjust to permanent resident 
status). 

3) Information on emigration (immigrants permanently 
departing the United States) and information on net illegal 
immigration is not available (see Data Gaps section). 

Most immigrants adjusting to legal permanent resident 
status entered the United States on a permanent basis prior 
to their year of adjustment. All of the 6,022 immigrants 
who adjusted under the legalization provision of IRCA 
must have been residents of the United States since 1987. 



Some of the others adjusting are refugees who legally must 
wait 1 year before applying for permanent residence status, 
and, therefore, do not appear as immigrants until they 
adjust their status. Some refugees may never appear as 
immigrants because they do not apply for permanent 
residence, although most do adjust soon after they become 
eligible. 

Conditional Entrants 

The Immigration Marriage Fraud Amendments of 1986 
were designed to deter immigration-related marriage fraud. 
The act stipulates that aliens deriving their immigrant 
status based on a marriage of less than 2 years are 
conditional immigrants. To remove their conditional 
status, these immigrants must apply to the INS during the 
90-day period before their second-year anniversary of 
receiving that status. If the aliens cannot prove that their 
marriage was and is a valid one, their conditional status is 
revoked and they become deportable. The immigrant 
classes of admission subject to this law are the family- 
sponsored second (spouses and unmarried sons and 
daughters of permanent residents) and third (married sons 
and daughters of U.S. citizens) preferences; and fiance(e)s, 
spouses, and children of U.S. citizens. During fiscal year 
1994, the INS reviewed and made a decision on 96,033 
conditional immigrant cases, granting 94 percent. Data on 
conditional immigrant cases processed by the INS are 
derived from the Marriage Fraud Amendments System. 
The cases processed were matched against immigrant 
admission data to provide complete data on individuals 
processed under the Marriage Fraud Amendments. 



24 



TABLE 1. IMMIGRATION TO THE UNITED STATES: FISCAL YEARS 1820 - 1994 



Year 


Number 


Year 


Number 


Year 


Number 


Year 


Number 


1820 - 1994 


61,503,866 

8,385 

143,439 

9,127 

6,911 

6,354 

7,912 

10,199 

10,837 

18,875 

27,382 

22.520 

23.322 

599,125 

22.633 
60.482 
58,640 
65.365 
45.374 
76.242 
79.340 
38.914 
68.069 
84.066 

1,713,251 

80.289 
104,565 
52,496 
78,615 
114,371 
154,416 
234,968 
226,527 
297,024 
369,980 

2,598,214 

379,466 
371.603 
368.645 
427,833 
200,877 
200,436 
251,306 
123,126 
121.282 
153.640 

2,314,824 
91.918 
91.985 
176.282 
193,418 
248,120 
318.568 
315.722 
138.840 
352,768 
387,203 


1871-80 


2,812,191 

321,350 
404,806 
459,803 
313,339 
227,498 
169,986 
141,857 
138,469 
177,826 
457,257 

5,246,613 

669,431 
788,992 
603,322 
518,592 
395,346 
334,203 
490,109 
546.889 
444.427 
455,302 

3,687,564 

560.319 
579,663 
439,730 
285,631 
258,536 
343,267 
230,832 
229,299 
311,715 
448.572 

8,795,386 

487.918 

648,743 

857,046 

812,870 

1,026,499 

1,100,735 

1,285.349 

782.870 

751,786 

1,041,570 

5,735,811 

878.587 
838.172 
1.197,892 
1.218.480 
326.700 
298.826 
295.403 
110.618 
141.132 
430.001 


1921-30 


4,107,209 

805.228 
309.556 
522,919 
706.896 
294.314 
304.488 
335.175 
307,255 
279,678 
241,700 

528,431 

97,139 
35,576 
23,068 
29,470 
34,956 
36,329 
50,244 
67,895 
82,998 
70.756 

1,035,039 

51.776 

28,781 

23,725 

28,551 

38.119 

108.721 

147,292 

170,570 

188,317 

249,187 

2,515,479 

205,717 
265.520 
170.434 
208,177 
237,790 
321,625 
326.867 
253,265 
260,686 
265,398 

3,321,677 

271.344 
283.763 
306.260 
292,248 
296,697 
323,040 
361,972 
454,448 
358,579 
373.326 


1971-80 




1820 




1821-30 


4,493314 

370,478 
384,685 
400,063 
394,861 
386.194 
398,613 
103.676 
462.315 
601 442 


1821 


1871 


1921 


1971 . 


1822 


1872 


1922 


1972 . ... 


1823 


1873 


1923 


1973 .... 


1 824 


1874 


1924 


1974 


1825 


1875 


1925 


1975 


1826 


1876 


1926 


1976 


1827 


1877 


1927 


1976, TQ 


1828 


1878 


1928 

1929 


1977 


1829 


1879 


1978 


1830 


1880 


1930 


1979 


460.348 
530 639 




1881-90 


1931-40 


1980 


1831-40 


1981-90 




1831 


1881 


1931 


7,338,062 

596,600 


1832 


1882 


1932 

1933 

1934 

1935 

1936 

1937 

1938 

1939 


1981 


1833 


1883 


1982 


594,131 


1834 


1884 


1983 


559,763 


1835 


1885 


1984 


543,903 


1836 


1886 


1985 


570,009 


1837 


1887 


1986 


601,708 


1838 


1888 


1987 


601,516 


1839 


1889 


1988 


643,025 


1840 


1890 


1940 


1989 


1 090 924 




1891-1901 


1941-50 


1990 


1 536 483 


1841-50 ... . 


1991-94 

1991 




1841 


1891 


1941 


4,509,852 


1842 


1892 


1942 


1,827,167 


1843 


1893 


1943 


1992 


973,977 


1844 


1894 


1944 


1993 


904,292 


1845 


1895 


1945 


1994 


804,416 


1846 


1896 


1946 






1847 


1897 


1947 




1848 


1898 


1948 




1849 


1899 


1949 

1950 

1951-60 




1850 


1900 




1851-60 


1901-10 




1851 


1901 

1902 

1903 


1951 




1852 


1952 




1853 


1953 

1954 

1955 




1854 


1904 




1855 


1905 




1856 


1906 


1956 




1857 


1907 


1957 




1858 


1908 

1909 

1910 

1911-20 


1958 

1959 




1859 




1860 


1960 




1861-70 


1961-70 




1861 


1911 


1961 




1862 


1912 


1962 




1863 


1913 


1963 




1864 


1914 


1964 




1865 


1915 


1965 




1866 


1916 


1966 




1867 


1917 


1967 




1868 


1918 


1968 




1869 


1919 


1969 




1870 


1920 


1970 













NOTE: The numbers shown are as follows: from 1820-67. figures represent alien passengers arrived al seaports; from 1868-92 and 1895-97. immigrant aliens 
arrived; from 1892-94 and 1898-1994, immigrant aliens admitted for permanent residence. From 1892-1903, aliens entering by cabin class were not counted as 
immigrants. Land arrivals were not completely enumerated until 1908. See Glossary for fiscal year definitions. 



25 



TABLE 2. IMMIGRATION BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF LAST RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEARS 1820 - 1994 



Region and counlry of 
last residence ' 



1820 



1821 -30 



1831-40 



1841-50 



1851 -60 



1861 -70 



1871 -80 



All countries 

Europe 

Austria-Hungary 

Austria 

Hungary 

Belgium 

Czechoslovakia 

Denmark 

France 

Germany 

Greece 

Ireland ' 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Norway-Sweden , 

Norway 

Sweden 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Soviet Union 

Spain 

Switzerland 

United Kingdom ' ' 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

China'" 

Hong Kong 

India 

Iran 

Israel 

Japan 

Korea 

Philippines 

Turkey 

Vietnam 

Other Asia 

America 

Canada & Newfoundland " " 

Mexico " 

Caribbean 

Cuba 

Dominican Republic 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

El Salvador 

Other Central America .. 
South America 

Argentina 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Other South America .... 
Other America 

Africa 

Oceania 

Not specified " 

See footnotes at end of table. 

26 



8,385 
7,690 



1 

20 
371 
968 

3,614 

30 

49 

3 



5 
35 

7 

14 

139 

31 

2,410 



1 

11 
3 

387 

209 

1 

164 



164 
2 

20 

2 
11 



1 

1 
300 



143,439 

98,797 



27 



20 



11,564 

2,277 
4,817 
3,834 



3,834 
105 

20 

105 
531 



531 

22 

16 

2 
33.030 



599,125 
495,681 



22 



169 


1.063 


8,497 


45,575 


6,761 


152,454 


20 


49 


50,724 


207,381 


409 


2,253 


1,078 


1,412 


91 


1,201 


6 


6 


6 


b 


16 


369 


145 


829 


75 


111 


2,477 


2,125 


3,226 


4,821 


25,079 


75,810 


•) 


9 


3 


40 


30 


55 


2 


8 



39 



1 

33,424 

13,624 

6,599 

12,301 



12,301 
44 

20 

44 
856 



856 

22 

54 

9 
69,902 



1,713,251 
1,597,442 



5,074 

4 

539 

77,262 

434,626 

16 

780,719 

1,870 

8,251 

13,903 



105 
550 

7 

551 

2,209 

4,644 

267,044 

9 

79 

141 

35 

II 

36 



59 



11 



62,469 

41,723 

3,271 

13,528 



13,528 
368 

20 

368 
3,579 



3,579 

22 

55 

29 

53.115 



2,598,214 

2,452,577 



4,738 

4 

3,749 

76,358 

951.667 

31 

914,119 

9,231 

10,789 

20,931 



1,164 
1.055 

7 

457 

9.298 

25.011 

423,974 



41,538 

41,397 

43 



83 



15 



74,720 

59,309 

3,078 

10,660 



10,660 
449 

20 

449 
1^24 



1,224 

22 

210 

158 
29,011 



2,314,824 

2,065,141 

7.800 
7.124' 
484' 
6.734 

4 

17.094 

35.986 

787.468 

72 

435,778 

11,725 

9,102 

109.298 



2,027 
2,658 

7 

2,512 

6,697 

23,286 

606,896 



64,759 

64.301 

U 

69 



186 

I*; 

16 

131 

11 
72 

166,607 

153,878 
2,191 
9,046 



9,046 
95 

20 

95 
1397 



1,397 

22 

312 

214 

17,791 



2,812,191 

2,271,925 

72,969 

63,009 

9,960 

7,221 

4 

31,771 
72,206 

718,182 
210 

436,871 
55,759 
16,541 

211,245 
95,323 

115,922 
12.970 
14.082 

iT 
39,284 
5,266 
28,293 

548,043 

9 

1,001 

124,160 

123,201 

11 

163 



149 

15 

16 

404 

11 
243 

404,044 

383,640 

5,162 

13,957 



13,957 
157 

20 

157 
1,128 



1,128 

22 

358 

10,914 

790 



TABLE 2. IMMIGRATION BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF LAST RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEARS 1820 - 1994— Continued 



Region and country of 
last residence ' 



1891 - 1900 



1901 ■ 10 



1911 -20 



1921 -30 



1931 -40 



1941 -50 



1951 -60 



1961 -70 



All countries 

Europe 

Austria-Hungary 

Austria 

Hungary 

Belgium 

Czechoslovakia 

Denmark 

France 

Germany 

Greece 

Ireland ' 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Norway-Sweden 

Norway 

Sweden 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Soviet Union 

Spain 

Switzerland 

United Kingdom ' ' 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

China'" 

Hong Kong 

India 

Iran 

Israel 

Japan 

Korea 

Philippines 

Turkey 

Vietnam 

Other Asia 

America 

Canada & Newfoundland " " 

Mexico " 

Caribbean 

Cuba 

Dominican Republic 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

E! Salvador 

Other Central America .. 
South America 

Argentina 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Other South America .... 
Other America 

Africa 

Oceania 

Not specified " 

See footnotes at end of table. 



3,687,564 

3,555,352 

592,707 " 

234,081 ' 

818,288' 

18,167 

50,231 
30,770 

505,152" 
15,979 

388,416 

651.893 
26,758 

321,281 
95,015 

226,266 
96,720 " 
27,508 
12,750 

505,290 " 

8,731 

31,179 

271,538 

9 

282 

74,862 

14,799 

II 

68 



25,942 



30,425 

II 

3,628 

38,972 
3,311 
971 " 
33,066 



33,066 
549 

20 

549 
1,075 



1,075 

22 

350 

3,965 
14,063 



8,795,386 

8,056,040 

2,145,266" 

668,209 ' 

808,511 ' 

41,635 

4 

65,285 

73,379 

341,498" 

167,519 

339,065 

2,045,877 

48,262 

440,039 

190,505 

249,534 

23 

69,149 
53,008 
1,597,306" 
27,935 
34,922 
525,950 

9 

39,945 

323,543 

20,605 

11 

4,713 



129,797 



157,369 

1] 

11,059 

361,888 

179,226 

49,642 

107,548 



107,548 
8,192 

20 

8,192 
17,280 



17,280 

22 

7,368 
1 3,024 
33,523 ' 



5,735,811 

4,321,887 

896,342 " 
453,649 
442,693 
33,746 

3,426 ' 
41,983 
61,897 
143,945 " 
184,201 
146,181 
1,109,524 
43,718 
161,469 
66,395 
95,074 
4,813" 
89,732 
13,311 
921,201 " 
68,611 
23,091 
341,408 
1,888' 
31,400 

247,236 

21,278 

I] 

2,082 



83,837 

15 
16 

134,066 

II 

5,973 

1,143,671 

742,185 
219,004 
123,424 



123,424 
17,159 

20 

17,159 
41,899 



41,899 

22 

8,443 

13,427 

1,147 



4,107,209 

2,463,194 

63,548 
32,868 
30,680 
15,846 

102,194 
32,430 
49,610 

412,202 
51,084 

211,234 

455,315 
26,948 

165,780 
68,531 
97,249 

227,734 
29,994 
67,646 
61,742 
28,958 
29,676 

339,570 
49,064 
42,619 

112,059 

29,907 

II 

1,886 

241 " 
1.1 
33,462 



33,824 

II 

12,739 

1,516,716 

924,515 
459,287 
74,899 
15,901 ' 



58,998 
15,769 

20 

15,769 
42,215 



42,215 
31 ■ 

6,286 

8,726 
228 



528,431 

347,566 

11,424 
3,563 ' 
7,861 
4,817 

14,393 
2,559 

12,623 

114,058' 

9,119 

10,973 

68,028 
7,150 
8,700 
4,740 
3,960 

17,026 
3,329 
3,871 
1,370 
3,258 
5,512 

31,572 
5,835 

11,949 

16,595 

4,928 

II 

496 
195 

13 

1,948 

15 

528' 
1,065 

7,435 

160,037 

108,527 
22,319 
15,502 

9,571 
1,150' 
191 ' 

21 

4,590 
5,861 

673' 
5,188 
7,803 

1,349 ' 

1,223 ' 

337' 

4,894 

25 

1,750 

2,483 



1,035,039 

621,147 

28,329 

24,860 ' 

3,469 

12,189 

8,347 

5,393 

38,809 

226,578 ' 

8,973 

19,789 

57,661 

14,860 

20,765 

10,100 

10,665 

7,571 

7,423 

1,076 

571 

2,898 

10,547 

139,306 

1,576 

8,486 

37,028 

16,709 

1,761 
1,380 

476' 
1,555 

107' 
4,691 

798 

9,551 

354.804 

171,718 

60,589 

49,725 

26,313 

5,627 

911 

16,874 
21,665 

5,132 
16,533 
21,831 

3,338 

3,858 

9,841 

12,218 

29,276 

7,367 

14,551 

142 



2,515,479 

1,325,727 

103,743 

67,106 

36,637 

18,575 

918 

10.984 

51,121 

477,765 

47,608 

48,362 

185,491 

52,277 

44,632 

22,935 

21,697 

9,985 

19,588 

1,039 

671 

7,894 

17,675 

202,824 

8,225 

16,350 

153,249 

9,657 
15,541 " 

1,973 

3,388 
25,476 
46,250 

6,231 
19,307 

3,519 
335" 
21,572 

996,944 

377,952 

299,811 

123,091 

78,948 

9,897 

4,442 

8,869 " 

20,935 " 

44,751 

5,895 

38,856 

91,628 

19,486 

18,048 

9,841 

44,253 

59,711 

14,092 
12,976 
12,491 



3,321,677 

1,123,492 

26,022 

20,621 

5,401 

9,192 

3,273 

9,201 

45,237 

190,796 

85,969 

32,966 

214,111 

30,606 

32,600 

15,484 

17,116 

53,539 

76,065 

2,531 

2,465 

44,659 

18,453 

213,822 

20,381 

11,604 

427,642 

34,764 
75,007 
27,189 
10,339 
29,602 
39,988 
34,526 
98,376 
10,142 
4,340 
63,369 

1,716,374 

413,310 

453,937 

470,213 

208,536 

93,292 

34,499 

74,906 

58,980 

101,330 

14,992 

86,338 

257,940 

49,721 

72,028 

36,780 

99,411 

19,644 

28,954 

25,122 

93 



27 



TABLE 2. IMMIGRATION BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF LAST RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEARS 1820 - 1994— Continued 



Region and country of 
last residence ' 



1971 -80 



1981 -90 



1990 



1991 



1992 



1993 



1994 



Total 
175 years, 
1820-1994 



All countries 

Europe 

Austria-Hungary 

Austria 

Hungary 

Belgium 

Czechoslovakia 

Denmark 

France 

Germany 

Greece 

Ireland ' 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Norway-Sweden 

Norway 

Sweden 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Soviet Union 

Spain 

Switzerland 

United Kingdom ' ' 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

China'" 

Hong Kong 

India 

Iran 

Israel 

Japan 

Korea 

Philippines 

Turkey 

Vietnam 

Other Asia 

America 

Canada & Newfoundland " 

Mexico " 

Caribbean 

Cuba 

Dominican Republic ... 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

El Salvador 

Other Central America 
South America 

Argentina 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Other South America .. 
Other America 

- Africa 

Oceania 

Not specified " 

See footnotes at end of table. 

28 



4,493314 

800368 

16,028 

9,478 

6,550 

5,329 

6,023 

4,439 

25,069 

74,414 

92,369 

11,490 

129,368 

10,492 

10,472 

3,941 

6,531 

37,234 

101,710 

12,393 

38,961 

39,141 

8,235 

137,374 

30,540 

9,287 

1,588,178 

124,326 

113,467 

164,134 

45,136 

37,713 

49.775 

267,638 

354,987 

13,399 

172,820 

244,783 

1,982,735 

169,939 

640,294 

741,126 

264,863 

148,135 

56.335 

137,577 

134,216 

134,640 

34.436 

100.204 

295,741 

29,897 

77,347 

50,077 

138,420 

995 

80,779 

41,242 
12 



7,338,062 

761,550 

24,885 

18,340 

6,545 

7,066 

7,227 

5,370 

32,353 

91,961 

38,377 

31.969 

67,254 

12,238 

15,182 

4,164 

11,018 

83,252 

40.431 

30.857 

57,677 

20,433 

8,849 

14,667 

18,762 

8,234 

2,738,157 
346,747 

98,215 
250,786 
116,172 

44,273 

47,085 
333,746 
548,764 

23,233 
280,782 
648,354 

3,615,225 

156,938 
1,655,843 
872,051 
144,578 
252,035 
138,379 

20,474 
128,911 
468,088 
213.539 
254.549 
461,847 

27,327 
122,849 

56.315 

255,356 

458 

176.893 

45,205 

1,032 



1,536,483 

124,026 

4,733 

3,774 

959 

827 

578 

674 

4,265 

12,152 

3.887 

9.740 

16.246 

1,515 

1.930 

552 

1,378 

18,364 

4,066 

3,496 

14,779 

2,744 

1,288 

19,054 

2,778 

910 

321,879 

40,639 

14,367 

28,809 

14,905 

5,906 

6,431 

30,964 

71,279 

3,205 

14,755 

90,619 

1,050,527 

24,642 

680,186 

112,635 

9,436 

42,136 

19,869 

23,667 

17,527 

146,243 

79,601 

66,642 

86,821 

5.953 

23,783 

12,474 

44.611 

32.797 

6.804 

450 



1,827,167 

146,671 

4.455 

3.511 

944 

701 

625 

629 

3.978 

10.887 

2.929 

4.608 

30.316 

1,303 

1,796 

554 

1,242 

17,106 

4,576 

6,786 

31,557 

2,663 

1,003 

16,768 

2,802 

1,183 

342,157 

23,995 

15,895 

42,707 

9.927 

5.116 

5.600 

25.430 

68.750 

3,466 

14,847 

126,424 

1,297,580 

19.931 
947.923 
138,591 

9,474 
41,422 
47,046 
22,977 
17,672 
110,820 
46,923 
63,897 
80,308 

4,231 
19,272 

9,962 

46,843 

7 

33,542 

7,061 
156 



973,977 

153,260 

3,934 

2,895 

1.039 

957 

874 

769 

4,492 

12,875 

2,168 

12,035 

11,962 

1,687 

2,296 

790 

1,506 

24.491 

2,774 

4,907 

37,069 

2,041 

1,303 

21,924 

2,741 

1,961 

344,802 

29,554 

16,802 

34,841 

6.995 

5,938 

11,735 

18,734 

63,478 

3,203 

31,172 

122,350 

445,194 

21.541 
214.128 
95,945 
10.890 
41.948 
10.756 
18,280 
14,071 
57,849 
26,077 
31,772 
55,725 

4.083 
12.885 

7.322 

31,435 

6 

24,707 

5,994 

20 



904,292 

165,711 

2.914 

1.880 

1.034 

776 

792 

762 

3.959 

9,965 

2,460 

13,396 
3,899 
1,542 
2,253 
713 
1,540 

27,288 
2,075 
4,517 

59,949 
1,791 
1,263 

20,422 
2,781 
2,907 

345,425 

57,775 

14,026 

38,653 

8,908 

5,216 

7,673 

17,320 

63,406 

3,487 

31,894 

97,067 

361,476 

23,898 
126,642 
98,185 
12,976 
45,464 

9,899 
16,761 
13,085 
58,666 
26,794 
31,872 
54,077 

2,972 
12,597 

7.400 

31.108 

8 

25,532 

6,144 

4 



804,416 

166,279 

2,123 

1.314 

809 

621 

759 

639 

3.592 

8.940 

2,539 

16,525 

2,664 

1,359 

1,804 

515 

1,289 

27,597 

2,163 

2,932 

64,502 

1,756 

1,183 

17,666 

3,183 

3,732 

282,449 

58,867 

11,953 

33,173 

6,998 

3,982 

6,974 

15,417 

52,832 

3,880 

32,387 

55,986 

325,173 

22,243 

111,415 

103,750 

14,216 

51,221 

13.166 

13.909 

11.238 

40,256 

17,669 

22,587 

47,505 

2,474 

10,653 

5.943 

28,435 

4 

24.864 

5,647 



61,503,866 

37,732,981 

4,356,208 

1,838,546' 

1,671,586' 
213,611 
148,851 
373,211 
803,608 

7,126,132 
714,000 

4,771,697 

5,421,949 
380,123 

2,154,103 
803,796' 

1,290,052' 
702,818 
512.849 
223.983 

3.636.783 
293.399 
364.191 

5,195,930 
147,778 
191,757 

7,334,013 

1,084,567 
360.906" 
605.090 
209.679 " 
157,792" 
494,226 " 
719,149" 

1,275,119" 
426,363 
568,577" 

1,432.545 

15,496,971 

4,407,840 
5,969,623 
3,139,648 
796,266 " 
690,191" 
315,624'° 
501,427" 
836,140 
1,087,219 
392,130'° 
695,089 
1,487,918 
144,878'° 
350,760'° 
186,394'° 
805,886 
110.151 

442.790 
229.468 
267.643 



TABLE 2. IMMIGRATION BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF LAST RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEARS 1820 - 1994— Continued 

' Data for years prior to 1906 relate to country whence alien came; data from 1906-79 and 1984-94 are for country of last permanent residence; and data 
for 1980-83 refer to country of birth. Because of changes in boundaries, changes in lists of countries, and lack of data for specified countries for 
various periods, data for certain countries, especially for the total period 1820-1994, are not comparable throughout. Data for specified countries are 
included with countries to which they belonged prior to World War I. 

^ Data for Austria and Hungary not reported until 1 86 1 . 

' Data for Austria and Hungary not reported separately for all years during the period. 

" No data available for Czechoslovakia until 1920. 

' Prior to 1926, data for Northern Ireland included in Ireland. 

*■ Data for Norway and Sweden not reported separately until 1871. 

' No data available for Romania until 1 880. 

' Since 1925, data for United Kingdom refer to England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland. 

' In 1920, a separate enumeration was made for the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes. Since 1922, the Serb, Croat, and Slovene Kingdom recorded 
as Yugoslavia. 

'" Beginning in 1957, China includes Taiwan. 

" Data not reported separately until 1952. 

'^ Data not reported separately until 1925. 

" Data not reported separately until 1949. 

''' No data available for Japan until 1 86 1 . 

" Data not reported separately until 1948. 

" Prior to 1934, Philippines recorded as insular travel. 

" Prior to 1920, Canada and Newfoundland recorded as British North America. From 1820-98, figures include all British North America possessions. 

" Land arrivals not completely enumerated until 1908. 

" No data available for Mexico from 1886-94. 

^° Data not reported separately until 1932. 

" Data for Jamaica not collected until 1953. In prior years, consolidated under British West Indies, which is included in "Other Caribbean." 

^' Included in countries "Not specified" until 1925. 

" From 1899-1919, data for Poland included in Austria-Hungary, Germany, and the Soviet Union. 

^* From 1938-45, data for Austria included in Germany. 

^' Includes 32,897 persons returning in 1906 to their homes in the United States. 

NOTE: From 1820-67, figures represent alien passengers arrived at seaports; from 1868-91 and 1895-97, immigrant aliens arrived; from 1892-94 and 
1898-1994, immigrant aliens admitted for permanent residence. From 1892-1903, aliens entering by cabin class were not counted as immigrants. Land 
arrivals were not completely enumerated until 1908. 

See Glossary for fiscal year definitions. For this table, fiscal year 1843 covers 9 months ending September 1843; fiscal years 1832 and 1850 cover 15 
months ending December 31 of the respective years; and fiscal year 1868 covers 6 months ending June 30, 1868. 

- Represents zero. 



29 



TABLE 3. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 

FISCAL YEARS 1984-94 



Region and country 
of birth 



1984 



1985 



1986 



1987 



1988 



1989 



1990 



1991 



1992 



1993 



All countries . 



Europe 

Albania 

Austria 

Belgium 

Bulgaria 

Czechoslovakia ,, 

Denmark 

Estonia 

Finland 

France 

Germany 

Greece 

Hungary 

Ireland 

Italy 

Latvia 

Lithuania 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Soviet Union 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

United Kmgdom . 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 



Asia 

Afghanistan 

Bangladesh 

Burma 

Cambodia 

China, Mainland 

Hong Kong 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Iraq 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Kuwait 

Laos 

Lebanon 

Macau 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Saudi Arabia 

Singapore 

Sri Lanka 

Syria 

Taiwan 

Thailand 

Turkey 

United Arab 

Emirates 

Vietnam 

Yemen 

Other Asia 



543,903 

64,076 

32 

442 

537 

225 

1,218 

512 

9 

264 

2,135 

6,747 

2,865 

825 

1,223 

3,130 

37 

45 

1,242 

375 

9,466 

3,779 

4,004 

6,088 

1,393 

974 

620 

13,949 

1,569 

371 

256,272 

3,222 

823 

719 

11,856 

23,363 

5.465 

24,964 

1,113 

13,807 

2,930 

3,066 

4,043 

2,438 

33,042 

437 

12,279 

3,203 

260 

879 

5,509 

42,768 

208 

377 

554 

1,724 

12,478 

4,885 

1,793 

76 

37,236 

331 

424 



570,009 

63,043 

45 

419 

538 

249 

1,222 

478 

7 

290 

2,187 

7,109 

2,579 

1,009 

1,397 

3,214 

25 

39 

1,217 

361 

9,464 

3,781 

5,188 

3,521 

1,413 

1,076 

729 

13,408 

1,662 

416 

264,691 

2,794 

1,146 

990 

13,563 

24,787 

5,171 

26,026 

1,269 

16,071 

1,951 

3,113 

4,086 

2,998 

35,253 

503 

9,133 

3,385 

271 

939 

5,744 

47,978 

228 

460 

553 

1,581 

14,895 

5,239 

1,691 

92 

31,895 

435 

451 



601,708 

62,512 

53 

463 

620 

221 

1,118 

554 

6 

322 

2,518 

6,991 

2,512 

1,006 

1,839 

3,089 

26 

49 

1,261 

354 

8,481 

3,766 

5,198 

2,588 

1,591 

1,098 

677 

13,657 

2.011 

443 

268,248 

2,831 

1,634 

863 

13.501 

25.106 

5.021 

26.227 

1,183 

16,505 

1.323 

3,790 

3,959 

3,081 

35.776 

496 

7.842 

3,994 

243 

886 

5,994 

52,558 

275 

480 

596 

1,604 

13,424 

6,204 

1,753 

121 

29,993 

480 

505 



601,516 

61,174 

62 

483 

636 

205 

1,357 

537 

15 

331 

2,513 

7,210 

2,653 

994 

3,060 

2,784 

23 

37 

1,230 

326 

7,519 

3,912 

3,837 

2,384 

1,578 

1,057 

759 

13,497 

1,827 

348 

257,684 

2.424 

1.649 

941 

12.460 

25.841 

4.706 

27.803 

1.254 

14.426 

1.072 

3,699 

4.174 

3.125 

35.849 

507 

6,828 

4.367 

254 

1.016 

6.319 

50,060 

294 

469 

630 

1,669 

11,931 

6,733 

1.596 

122 

24.231 

727 

508 



643,025 

64,797 

82 

514 

581 

217 

1,482 

558 

II 

390 

2,524 

6,645 

2,458 

1,227 

5,058 

2.949 

31 

47 

1,187 

397 

9,507 

3,199 

3.875 

2.949 

1.483 

1.156 

751 

13,228 

1,941 

350 

264,465 

2,873 

1,325 

803 

9,629 

28,717 

8,546 

26,268 

1,342 

15,246 

1,022 

3,640 

4,512 

3.232 

34.703 

599 

10.667 

4,910 

183 

1,250 

5.438 

50.697 

338 

492 

634 

2,183 

9,670 

6,888 

1.642 

111 

25.789 
619 
497 



1,090,924 

82,891 

71 

501 

548 

265 

992 

593 

14 

325 

2.598 

6.708 

2.491 

1.193 

6.961 

2.910 

57 

63 

1.193 

482 

15.101 

3,758 

4,573 

11,128 

1,550 

1,078 

788 

14,090 

2.496 

364 

312,149 

3.232 
2.180 
1,170 
6,076 

32,272 
9.740 

31.175 
1.513 

21.243 
1.516 
4.244 
4.849 
3.921 

34,222 
710 

12,524 

5,716 

246 

1.506 

8,000 

57,034 

381 

566 

757 

2.675 

13.974 
9.332 
2.007 

114 

37.739 

966 

549 



1,536,483 

112,401 

78 

675 

682 

428 

1.412 

666 

20 

369 

2.849 

7.388 

2.742 

1.655 

10.333 

3.287 

45 

67 

1.424 

524 

20.537 

4,035 

4.647 

25,524 

1,886 

1,196 

845 

15,928 

2,828 

331 

338,581 

3,187 
4.252 
1.120 
5.179 

31.815 
9.393 

30.667 
3.498 

24.977 
1,756 
4.664 
5.734 
4,449 

32.301 
691 

10.446 

5.634 

301 

1,867 

9,729 

63,756 

518 

620 

976 

2,972 

15,151 
8,914 
2,468 

192 

48,792 

1,945 

617 



1,827,167 

135,234 

142 

589 

525 

623 
1,156 

601 
23 

333 
2,450 
6,509 
2,079 
1,534 
4,767 
2,619 
86 

157 
1,283 

486 
19,199 
4,524 
8,096 
56,980 
1,849 
1,080 

696 

13.903 

2.713 

232 

358,533 

2,879 

10,676 

946 

3,251 

33,025 

10,427 

45.064 

2.223 

19.569 

1.494 

4.181 

5.049 

4.259 

26,518 

861 

9,950 

6,009 

267 

1,860 

20.355 

63.596 

552 

535 

1,377 

2,837 

13,274 

7,397 

2,528 

164 

55,307 

1,547 

556 



973,977 

145,392 

682 

701 

780 

1,049 

1,181 

764 

194 

525 

3,288 

9,888 

1,858 

1,304 

12,226 

2,592 

419 

353 

1.586 

665 

25,504 

2,748 

6,500 

43,614 

1,631 

1,463 

1,023 

19,973 

2,604 

277 

356,955 

2,685 

3,740 

816 

2,573 

38.907 

10.452 

36.755 

2.916 

13,233 

4,111 

5.104 

11,028 

4.036 

19,359 

989 

8,696 

5,838 

320 

2,235 

10,214 

61,022 

584 

774 

1,081 

2,940 

16,344 

7,090 

2,488 

172 

77,735 

2.056 

662 



904,292 

158,254 

1 ,400 

549 

657 

1.029 

1.000 

735 

191 

544 

2,864 

7,312 

1,884 

1,091 

13,590 

2,487 

668 

529 

1,430 

608 

27,846 

2,081 

5.601 

58,571 

1.388 

1.393 

972 

18.783 

2,809 

242 

358,047 

2,964 

3,291 

849 

1,639 

65,578 

9,161 

40,121 

1,767 

14,841 

4.072 

4.494 

6,908 

4.741 

18,026 

1,129 

7,285 

5,465 

334 

2.026 

8,927 

63,457 

616 

798 

1,109 

2,933 

14,329 

6,654 

2,204 

196 

59,614 

1.793 

726 



See footnotes at end of table 

30 



TABLE 3. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 

FISCAL YEARS 1984-94— Continued 



Region and country 
of birth 



Africa 

Algeria 

Cape Verde 

Egypt 

Ethiopia 

Ghana 

Kenya 

Liberia 

Morocco 

Nigeria 

Sierra Leone 

Somalia 

South Africa 

Sudan 

Tanzania 

Uganda 

Other Africa 

Oceania 

Australia 

Fiji 

New Zealand 

Other Oceania 

North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Antigua-Barbuda 

Bahamas, The .... 

Barbados 

Cuba 

Dominica 

Dominican Rep. 

Grenada 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

St. Kitts & Nevis 

St. Lucia 

St. Vincent & 
Grenadines .... 

Trinidad & 

Tobago 

Other Caribbean 
Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

Other N. America 

South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Paraguay 

Peru 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Other S. America .. 

Bom on board ship . 

Unknown/not reported 



1984 



15,540 

197 

591 

2,642 

2,461 

1,050 

753 

585 

506 

2,337 

368 

90 

1,246 

199 

418 

369 

1,728 

3,818 

1,308 
901 
595 

1,014 

166,706 

10,791 

57,557 

74,265 

953 

499 

1,577 

10,599 

442 

23,147 

980 

9,839 

19,822 

1,648 

484 

695 

2,900 

680 

24,088 

1,492 
1,473 
8,787 
3,937 
3,405 
2,718 
2,276 
5 

37,460 

2,141 
918 

1,847 

1,912 
11,020 

4,164 

8,412 
167 

4,368 
712 

1,721 
78 



31 



1985 



17,117 

202 

627 

2,802 

3,362 

1,041 

735 

618 

570 

2,846 

371 

139 

1,210 

271 

395 

301 

1,627 

4,054 

1,362 
980 
679 

1,033 

182,045 

11,385 

61,077 

83,281 

957 

533 

1,625 

20,334 

540 

23,787 

934 

10,165 

18,923 

769 

499 

693 

2,831 
691 

26,302 
1,353 
1,281 

10,156 
4,389 
3,726 
2,786 
2,611 

39,058 

1,844 

1,006 

2,272 

1,992 

11,982 

4,482 

8,531 

170 

4,181 

790 

1,714 

94 



1986 



17,463 

183 

760 

2,989 

2,737 

1,164 

719 

618 

646 

2,976 

323 

139 

1,566 

230 

370 

401 

1,642 

3,894 

1,354 
972 
610 
958 

207,714 
11,039 
66,533 

101,632 

812 

570 

1,595 

33,114 
564 

26,175 
1,045 

12,666 

19,595 
573 
502 

635 

2,891 

895 

28,380 

1,385 

1,356 

10.929 

5,158 

4,532 

2,826 

2,194 

130 

41,874 

2,187 

1,079 

2,332 

2,243 

11,408 

4,516 

10,367 

190 

4,895 

699 

1,854 

104 



1987 



17,724 

172 

657 

3,377 

2,156 

1,120 

698 

622 

635 

3,278 

453 

197 

1,741 

198 

385 

357 

1,678 

3,993 

1,253 

1,205 

591 

944 

216,550 

11,876 

72,351 

102,899 

874 

556 

1,665 

28,916 
740 

24,858 
1,098 

14,819 

23,148 
589 
496 

746 

3,543 

851 

29,296 

1,354 
1,391 
10,693 
5,729 
4,751 
3,294 
2,084 
128 

44,385 

2,106 
1,170 
2.505 
2,140 
11,700 
4,641 
11,384 

291 
5,901 

709 
1,694 

144 



1988 



18,882 

199 

921 

3,016 

2,571 

1,239 

773 

769 

715 

3,343 

571 

183 

1,832 

217 

388 

343 

1,802 

3,839 

1,356 

1,028 

668 

787 

250,009 

11,783 

95,039 

112,357 

837 

1,283 

1,455 

17,558 

611 
27,189 

842 
34,806 
20,966 

660 

606 

634 

3,947 

963 

30,715 

1,497 
1,351 
12,045 
5,723 
4,302 
3,311 
2,486 
115 

41,007 

2,371 
1,038 
2,699 
2,137 
10,322 
4,716 
8,747 

483 
5,936 

612 
1,791 

155 

3 
23 



1989 



25,166 

230 

1,118 

3,717 

3.389 

2.045 

910 

1,175 

984 

5,213 

939 

228 

1,899 

272 

507 

393 

2,147 

4360 

1,546 
968 
789 

1,057 

607398 

12,151 

405,172 

88,932 

979 

861 

1,616 

10,046 
748 

26,723 
1,046 

13,658 

24,523 
795 
709 

892 

5,394 

942 

101,034 

2,217 

1,985 

57,878 

19,049 

7,593 

8,830 

3,482 

109 

58,926 

3,301 

1,805 

3,332 

3,037 

15,214 

7,532 

10,789 

529 

10,175 

948 

2,099 

165 



34 



1990 



35,893 

302 

907 

4,117 

4,336 

4,466 

1,297 

2,004 

1,200 

8,843 

1,290 

277 

1,990 

306 

635 

674 

3,249 

6,182 

1 ,754 

1,353 

829 

2,246 

957,558 

16,812 

679,068 

115351 

1,319 

1,378 

1,745 

10,645 

963 

42,195 

1,294 

20,324 

25,013 

896 

833 

973 

6,740 

1,033 

146,202 

3,867 

2,840 

80,173 

32,303 

12,024 

11,562 

3,433 

125 

85,819 

5,437 

2,843 

4,191 

4,049 

24,189 

12,476 

11,362 

704 

15,726 

1,457 

3,142 

243 



49 



1991 



36,179 

269 

973 

5,602 

5,127 

3,330 

1,185 

1,292 

1,601 

7,912 

951 

458 

1 ,854 

679 

500 

538 

3,908 

6,236 

1,678 

1,349 

793 

2,416 

1,210,981 

13,504 
946,167 
140,139 

944 

1,062 

1,460 

10,349 

982 
41,405 

979 
47,527 
23,828 

830 

766 

808 

8,407 

792 

111,093 

2,377 

2,341 

47,351 

25,527 

11,451 

17,842 

4,204 

78 

79,934 

3,889 
3,006 
8,133 
2,842 

19,702 
9,958 

11,666 
538 

16,237 

1,161 

2,622 

180 



70 



1992 



27,086 

407 

757 

3,576 

4,602 

1,867 

953 

999 

1,316 

4,551 

693 

500 

2,516 

675 

352 

437 

2,885 

5,169 

2,238 
807 
967 

1,157 

384,047 

15,205 
213,802 

97,413 

619 

641 

1,091 

11,791 
809 

41,969 
848 

11,002 

18,915 
626 
654 

687 

7,008 

753 

57,558 

1,020 

1,480 

26,191 

10,521 

6,552 

8,949 

2,845 

69 

55,308 

3,877 
1,510 
4,755 
1,937 
13,201 
7,286 
9,064 

514 
9.868 

716 
2,340 

240 



1993 



27,783 

360 

936 

3,556 

5,276 

1,604 

1 ,065 

1,050 

1,176 

4,448 

690 

1,088 

2,197 

714 

426 

415 

2,782 

4,902 

2,320 
854 

1,052 
676 

301,380 

17,156 
126,561 
99,438 

554 

686 

1,184 

13,666 
683 

45,420 
827 

10,094 

17,241 
544 
634 

657 

6.577 

671 

58,162 

1,035 

1,368 

26,818 

11.870 

7,306 

7,086 

2,679 

63 

53,921 

2,824 
1,545 
4,604 
1,778 
12,819 
7,324 
8,384 

668 
10,447 

568 
2,743 

217 



■ Represents zero. 



31 



TABLE 4. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY TYPE AND SELECTED CLASS OF ADMISSION 

FISCAL YEARS 1987-94 



Type and class of admission 



1987 



1988 



1989 



1990 



1991 



1992 



1993 



1994 



Total, all immigrants 

New arrivals 

Adjustments 

Total, IRCA legalization 

Residents since 1982 

Special Agricultural Workers 

Total, non-legalization 

Preference immigrants 

Family-sponsored immigrants 

Unmarried sons/daughters of U.S. citizens ' 

Spouses of alien residents ' 

Married sons/daughters of U.S. citizens ' 

Siblings of U.S. citizens ' 

Employment-based immigrants ^ ' 

Priority workers 

Professionals with advanced degrees or aliens of 

exceptional ability 

Skilled workers, professionals, other workers 

Special immigrants 

Employment creation 

Pre-1992 

Immediate relatives of U.S. citizens 

Spouses 

Children' 

Orphans 

Parents 

Refugees and asylees 

Refugees adjustments 

Asylee adjustments 

Other immigrants 

Amerasians (P.L. 100-202) 

Children bom abroad to alien residents 

Cuban/Haitian entrants (P.L. 99-603) 

Diversity transition 

Legalization dependents 

Nationals of adversely affected countries (P.L. 99-603) 
Natives of underrepresented countries (PL. 100-658) .. 

Parolees, Soviet Union or Indochina (P.L. 101-267) 

Registered nurses and their families (P.L. 101-238) 

Registry, entry prior to 1/1/72 

Suspension of deportation 

Other 



601,516 

386,995 
214,521 

X 

X 
X 

601,516 

269328 
211,809 

11.382 

110,758 

20,703 

68,966 

57,519 

X 

X 

X 

3,646 
X 

53,873 

218,575 

132,452 

40,940 

10,097 

45,183 

91,840 

86,840 
5,000 

21,773 

X 

3.174 

4,634 

X 

X 

3,040 

X 

X 

X 

8,060 

2,441 

427 



643,025 

377,885 
265,140 

X 

X 
X 

643,025 

259,499 

200,772 

12,107 

102,777 

21,940 

63,948 

58,727 

X 

X 

X 

5,120 

X 

53,607 

219340 

130,977 

40,863 

9,120 

47,500 

81,719 

76,274 
5,445 

82,467 

319 

2,997 

29,002 

X 

X 

6,029 

X 

X 

X 

39,999 

3,772 

349 



1,090,924 

402,431 
688,493 

478,814 

478,814 
X 

612,110 

274,833 
217,092 

13,259 

112,771 

26,975 

64,087 

57,741 

X 

X 

X 

4,986 
X 

52,755 

217,514 

125,744 

41,276 

7,948 

50,494 

84,288 

79,143 
5,145 

35,475 

8,589 

2,740 

2,816 

X 

X 

7,068 

X 

X 

X 

10,570 

3,384 

308 



1,536,483 

435,729 
1,100,754 

880372 

823,704 
56,668 

656,111 

272,742 

214,550 

15,861 

107,686 

26,751 

64,252 

58,192 

X 

X 

X 

4,463 

X 

53,729 

231,680 

125,426 

46,065 

7,088 

60,189 

97364 

92,427 
4,937 

54325 

13,059 

2,410 

710 

X 

X 

20,371 

8,790 

X 

2,954 

4.633 

889 

509 



1,827,167 

443,107 
1,384,060 

1,123,162 

214,003 
909,159 

704,005 

275,613 
216,088 

15,385 

110,126 

27,115 

63,462 

59,525 

X 

X 

X 

4,576 

X 

54,949 

237,103 

125,397 

48,130 

9,008 

63,576 

139,079 

116,415 
22,664 

52,210 

16,010 

2,224 

213 

X 

X 

12,268 

9,802 

4,998 

3,069 

2,282 

782 

562 



973,977 

511,769 
462,208 

163,342 

46,962 
116,380 

810,635 

329,321 
213,123 

12,486 
118,247 

22,195 

60,195 

116,198 

5,456 

58,401 

47.568 

4,063 

59 

651 

235,484 

128,396 

42,324 

6,536 

64,764 

117,037 

106,379 
10,658 

128,793 

17,253 

2,116 

99 

33,911 

52,272 

1,557 

880 

13,661 
3,572 
1,293 
1,013 
1,166 



904,292 

536,294 
367,998 

24,278 

18,717 
5,561 

880,014 

373,788 
226,776 

12,819 
128,308 
23,385 
62.264 
147,012 
21,114 
29,468 

87,689 

8,158 

583 

X 

255,059 

145,843 

46,788 

7,348 

62,428 

127343 

115,539 
11,804 

123,824 

11,116 

2,030 

62 

33,468 

55,344 

10 

2 

15,772 

2,178 

938 

1,468 

1,436 



804,416 

490,429 
313,987 

6,022 

4,436 
1,586 

798,394 

335,252 

211,961 
13,181 

115,000 
22,191 
61,589 

123,291 
21,053 
14,432 

76,956 

10,406 

444 

X 

249,764 

145,247 

48,147 

8,200 

56,370 

121,434 

115,451 
5,983 

91,944 

2,822 

1,883 

47 

41,056 

34,074 

X 

X 

8,253 

304 

667 

2,220 

618 



' Includes children. 
^ Includes spouses and children. 

' Includes immigrants issued third preference, sixth preference, and special immigrant visas prior to fiscal year 1992. 
' Includes orphans. 

X Not appUcable. 



32 



TABLE 5. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY REGION OF BIRTH AND TYPE AND CLASS OF ADMISSION 

FISCAL YEAR 1994 



Type and class of admission 



Total 



Europe 



Asia 



Africa 



Oceania 



North 
America 



Total, all immigrants 

Total, subject to the Numerical Cap 

New arrivals 

Adjustments 

Total, not subject to the Numerical Cap 

New arrivals 

Adjustments 

Adjustments, IRCA legalization 

Total, subject to the Numerical Cap 

Total, family-sponsored immigrants 

Family-sponsored preferences 

Immediate relatives of U.S. citizens 

Children born abroad to alien residents 

Legalization dependents 

Employment-based preferences 

Diversity transition 

Total, family-sponsored preferences 

Total, family 1st preference 

1st preference, unmarried sons/daughters of U.S. citizens 

Newamvals(Fll, All) 

Adjustments (F16, A16) 

1st preference, children of Fll. F16, All, A16 

New arrivals (F12, A12) 

Adjustments (F17, A17) 

Total, family 2nd preference 

Total, subject to country limitations 

Total, exempt from country limitations 

2nd preference, spouses of alien residents 

Subject to country limitations 

New arrivals (F21) 

New arrivals, conditional (C21) 

Adjustments (F26) 

Adjustments, conditional (C26) 

Exempt from country limitations 

New arrivals (FXl) 

New arrivals, conditional (CXI) 

Adjustments (FX6) 

2nd preference, children of alien residents 

Subject to country limitations 

New arrivals (F22) , 

Adjustments (F27) 

Exempt from country limitations 

New arrivals (I=X2) 

New arrivals, conditional (CX2) 

Adjustments (FX7) 

See footnotes at end of table. 



804,416 

662,029 

487,021 
175,008 

142,387 

3,408 

132,957 

6,022 



160,916 

100,842 

70,228 
30,614 

60,074 

44 

59,934 

96 



292,589 

239,284 

150,789 
88,495 



53,305 

3,056 

49,980 

269 



26,712 

20,365 

10,747 
9,618 

6,347 

5 

6,239 

103 



4,592 

4,533 

2,153 
2,380 

59 

3 
41 
15 



272,226 

250,336 

218,672 
31,664 

21,890 

295 

16,241 

5,354 



662,029 

463,608 

211,961 

249,764 

1,883 

34,074 
123,291 

41,056 

211,961 

13,181 

9,751 
9,101 
650 
3,430 
3,335 
95 

115,000 

49,135 

65,865 

33,421 

9,911 

9.622 

5 

278 

6 

23,510 

23,279 

7 

224 

42,187 

7,814 

7,622 

192 

34,373 

34,207 

7 

159 



100,842 

45,600 

10,902 
34,384 
314 
43 
17.120 
38,079 

10,902 

1,282 

1,111 

987 
124 
171 
158 
13 

2,371 

1,130 

1,241 

1.116 

460 

435 

1 

23 

1 

656 

632 

24 
798 
320 
309 

11 
478 
458 

20 



239,284 

164,535 

74,418 

89,496 

621 

396 

73,023 

1,330 

74,418 

2,986 

2,251 

2,080 

171 

735 

716 

19 

27,673 

18,022 

9,651 

9,378 
4.703 
4,480 

219 

4 

4,675 

4,509 

1 

165 

5,556 

2,453 

2,324 

129 

3,103 

2,998 

1 

104 



20,365 

15,902 

4,117 

11,757 

28 

26 

4.196 

241 

4,117 

350 

321 

288 

33 

29 

25 

4 

1,964 

940 

1,024 

822 
297 
280 

3 
14 

525 

504 

4 

17 

714 

292 

271 

21 

422 

412 

6 

4 



4,533 

3,240 

936 

2.292 
12 

1,254 
39 

936 

56 

49 

36 

13 

7 

6 

1 

145 
91 

54 

72 
40 
40 



32 
32 



57 
38 
37 
1 
19 
19 



250,336 

195,736 

104.909 

90.046 

781 

33.443 

20.111 

1,046 

104,909 

7,316 

5,199 
4.968 
231 
2.117 
2.082 
35 

74,889 

24,870 

50,019 

19,150 

3,173 

3.158 

1 

13 

1 

15.977 

15.966 

2 

9 

32.859 

3,803 

3,790 

13 

29.056 

29.036 

20 



33 



TABLE 5. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY REGION OF BIRTH AND TYPE AND CLASS OF ADMISSION 

FISCAL YEAR 1994— Continued 



Type and class of admission 



Total 



Europe 



Asia 



Africa 



Oceania 



North 
America 



South 
America 



2nd preference, children of 2nd. pref. spouse or child 

Subject to country limitations 

New arrivals (F23) 

Adjustments (F28) 

Exempt from country limitations 

New arrivals (FX3) 

Adjustments (FX8) 

2nd preference, unmarried sons and daughters of alien residents 

New arrivals (F24) 

Adjustments (F29) 

2nd preference, children of F24, F29, C24, C29 

New arrivals (F25) 

Adjustments (F20) 

Total, family 3rd preference 

3rd preference, married sons/daughters of U.S. citizens 

New arrivals (F31, A31) 

Adjustments (F36, A36) 

3rd preference, spouses of F31, F36, A31, A36, C31, C36 

New arrivals (F32, A32) 

New arrivals, conditional (C32) 

Adjustments (F37, A37) 

3rd preference, children of F31, F36, A31, A36, C31, C36 

New arrivals (F33, A33) 

Adjustments (F38, A38) 

Total, family 4th preference 

4th preference, brothers or sisters of U.S. citizens 

New arrivals (F41) 

Adjustments, (F46) 

4th preference, spouses of F41 and F46 

New arrivals (F42) 

Adjustments, (F47) 

4th preference, children of F41 and F46 

New arrivals (F43) 

Adjustments (F48) 

Total, Immediate relatives of U.S. citizens 

Total, spouses of U.S. citizens 

New arrivals (IRl) 

New arrivals, conditional (CRl) 

New arrivals, widow or widower (IWl) 

Adjustments (1R6) 

Adjustments, conditional (CR6) 

Adjustments, entered as a fiance(e) (IFl) 

Adjustments, entered as a fiance(e), conditional (CFl) 

Adjustments, widow or widower (IW6) 



13,065 

5,083 

5,077 

6 

7,982 

7,973 

9 

18,860 

18,669 

191 

7,467 

7,459 



22,191 

6,064 

5,942 

122 

5,383 

5,287 

1 

95 

10.744 

10,589 

155 

61,589 

20,962 
20,642 

320 
13,909 
13,806 

103 
26,718 
26,503 

215 

249,764 

145,247 

24,750 

50,161 

84 

11,837 

51,180 

121 

7,054 

60 



184 

77 
77 

107 

103 

4 

222 

215 

7 

51 

51 



4,443 

1,161 
1,142 
19 
1,158 
1.143 

15 
2,124 
2,101 

23 

2,806 

757 

750 

7 

603 

594 

9 

1,446 

1,426 

20 

34384 

25,210 

3,504 

5,876 

9 

2,008 

12,232 

16 

1,556 

9 



4,210 
2,337 
2,334 

3 
1,873 
1,869 

4 
7,192 
7,043 
149 
1,337 
1,334 

3 

8,591 

2,449 
2,386 
63 
2,148 
2,101 

47 
3,994 
3,923 

71 

35,168 

11,610 

11,329 

281 

8,646 

8,561 

85 

14,912 

14,730 

182 

89,496 

42351 

6,560 

13,667 

28 

3,823 

14,596 

83 

3,571 

23 



189 
112 
112 

77 
77 

219 

205 

14 

20 

20 



336 

101 

97 

4 

86 

80 

6 

149 

140 

9 

1,467 

598 
590 

8 
372 
370 

2 
497 
496 

1 

11,757 

8,124 

603 

1,761 

1 

977 

4.435 

4 

341 

2 



3 
3 

11 
11 

2 
2 



110 

24 
24 

29 

27 



57 

54 

3 

625 

163 
162 
1 
135 
135 

327 

326 

1 

2,292 

1,893 

224 
419 

1 
207 
935 

2 

104 
1 



6,899 

1,913 

1,910 

3 

4,986 

4,985 

1 

10,390 

10,375 

15 

5,591 

5.586 

5 

6,608 

1,767 
1.744 

23 

1,486 

1,471 

1 

14 
3,355 
3,325 

30 

16,096 

5,879 
5,864 
15 
2,985 
2,984 

1 
7,232 
7,226 

6 

90,046 

54,844 

12,522 

24,022 

41 

3,877 

13,212 

11 

1,138 

21 



1,580 
644 
644 

936 
936 

826 
820 
6 
466 
466 



2,103 

562 
549 
13 
476 
465 

11 
1,065 
1,046 

19 

5,427 
1,955 
1,947 

8 
1,168 
1,162 

6 
2,304 
2,299 

5 

21,787 

12,825 

1,337 

4,416 

4 

945 

5,770 

5 

344 

4 



See footnotes at end of table. 



34 



TABLE 5. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY REGION OF BIRTH AND TYPE AND CLASS OF ADMISSION 

FISCAL YEAR 1994— Continued 



Type and class of admission 



Total 



Europe 



Asia 



Africa 



Oceania 



North 
America 



Total, children of U.S. citizens 

New arrivals (1R2, ARl) 

New arrivals, conditional (CR2) 

Adjustments (1R7, AR6) 

Adjustments, conditional (CR7) 

Adjustments, entered as child of a fiance(e) (rF2) 

Adjustments, entered as child of a fiance(e). conditional (CF2) 

Total, orphans 

Orphans adopted abroad 

New arrivals (IR3) 

Adjustments (IRS) 

Orphans to be adopted 

New arrivals (IR4) 

Adjustments (1R9) 

Total, parents of adult U.S. citizens 

New arrivals (IR5) 

Adjustments (IRO) 

Children born abroad to alien residents (NA3) 

Total, legalization dependents 

Spouses of aliens granted legalization 

New arrivals (LBl) 

Adjustments (LB6) 

Children of aliens granted legalization 

New arrivals (LB2) 

Adjustments (LB7) 

Total, employment-based preferences 

Total, employment 1st preference 

1st preference, aliens with extraordinary ability 

New arrivals (Ell) 

Adjustments (El 5) 

1st preference, outstanding professors or researchers 

New arrivals (E12) 

Adjustments (E17) 

1st preference, multinational executives or managers 

New arrivals (E13) 

Adjustments (El 8) 

1st preference, spouses of Ell, EI6, E12, E17, E13, E18 

New arrivals (E14) 

Adjustments (El 9) 

1st preference, children of Ell, E16, E12, E17, E13, E18 

New arrivals (E15) 

Adjustments (ElO) 



48,147 

24,092 

7,905 

4,426 

2,880 

42 

602 

8,200 

4,078 
4,061 

17 
4,122 
4,112 

10 

56,370 

40,889 
15,481 

1,883 

34,074 

10,185 
10,178 

7 
23,889 
23,880 

9 

123,291 

21,053 

1,313 
501 
812 
1,809 
116 
1,693 
4,975 
1,173 
3,802 
5,946 
1,447 
4,499 
7,010 
1,800 
5,210 



5,748 
1,236 
762 
639 
590 
6 
145 

2,370 

1,735 

1,728 

7 

635 

634 

1 

3,426 

1,614 
1,812 

314 

43 

19 
19 

24 
24 



17,120 

7,295 
614 
240 
374 
653 
50 
603 

1,762 
403 

1,359 

2,020 
507 

1,513 

2,246 
499 

1,747 



14,580 

7,737 
1,283 
1,118 

478 
30 

247 

3,687 

803 

799 

4 

2,884 

2,880 

4 

32,565 

24,544 
8,021 

621 

396 

161 

155 

6 

235 

229 

6 

73,023 

7,153 

369 
97 

272 

856 
32 

824 
1,605 

257 
1,348 
2,188 

412 
1,776 
2,135 

481 
1,654 



1,637 

1,034 

151 

283 

75 

11 

83 

51 
51 

32 
32 

1,996 

1,053 
943 

28 

26 

11 
11 

15 
15 



4,196 

796 

62 
25 
37 

106 
11 
95 

165 
43 

122 

213 
45 

168 

250 
50 

200 



196 

56 
31 
57 
38 



203 

94 
109 

12 



1,254 

521 

44 

18 

26 

22 

3 

19 

144 

24 

120 

130 

24 

106 

181 

35 

146 



21,264 

12,647 

4,601 

1,868 

1,148 

4 

149 

847 

416 
411 

5 
431 
426 

5 

13,938 

10,744 
3,194 

781 

33,443 

9,934 

9,933 

1 

23,509 

23,508 

1 

20,111 

3,945 

136 

75 

61 

90 

17 

73 

1,017 

378 

639 

1,025 

361 

664 

1,677 

601 

1,076 



See footnotes at end of table. 



35 



TABLE 5. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY REGION OF BIRTH AND TYPE AND CLASS OF ADMISSION 

FISCAL YEAR 1994— Continued 



Type and class of admission 



Total 



Europe 



Asia 



Africa 



Oceania 



North 
America 



Total, employment 2nd preference 

2nd preference, professionals holding advanced degrees .... 

New arrivals (E21) 

Adjustments (E26) 

Adjustments (ES6) 

2nd preference, spouses of E21, £26 

New arrivals (E22) 

Adjustments (E27) 

2nd preference, children of E21, E26 

New arrivals (E23) 

Adjustments (E28) 

Total, employment 3rd preference 

Total, skilled workers, professionals, and their families 

3rd preference, skilled workers 

New arrivals (E31) 

Adjustments (E36) 

3rd preference, professionals with a baccalaureate degree 

New arrivals tE32) 

Adjustments (E37) 

3rd preference, spouses of E31, E36, E32, E37 

New arrivals (E34) 

Adjustments (E39) 

3rd preference, children of E3I, E36, E32, E37 

New arrivals (E35) 

Adjustments (E30) 

3rd preference, Chinese Student Adjustment Act 

Principals, adjustments (EC6) 

Spouses, adjustments (EC7) 

Children, adjustments (ECS) 

Total, unskilled workers and their families 

3rd preference, needed unskilled workers 

New arrivals (EW3) 

Adjustments (EW8) 

3rd preference, spouses of EW3, EW8 

New arrivals (EW4) 

Adjustments (EW9) 

3rd preference, children of EW3, EW8 

New arrivals (EW5) 

Adjustments (EWO) 

Total, employment 4th preference, special immigrants .... 

Total, ministers, spouses, and children 

Ministers 

New arrivals (SDl) 

Adjustments (SD6) 

Spouses of ministers 

New arrivals (SD2) 

Adjustments (SD7) 

Children of ministers 

New arrivals (SD3) 

Adjustments (SD8) 



14,432 

6,807 

900 

5,845 

62 

4,649 

884 

3,765 

2,976 

1,023 

1,953 

76,956 

67,566 

10,139 
6,623 
3,516 
7,732 
2,047 
5,685 

13,920 
5,672 
8,248 

14,478 
7,881 
6,597 

21,297 

21,008 

99 

190 

9,390 

4,136 
4,106 

30 
1,952 
1,928 

24 
3,302 
3,276 

26 

10,406 

2,873 

1,085 
528 
557 
633 
375 
258 

1,155 
758 
397 



2,169 

998 
152 
784 
62 
582 
102 
480 
589 
125 
464 

6340 

5,924 

1,970 

1,299 

671 

914 

189 

725 

1,456 

807 

649 

1,569 

994 

575 

15 

7 

6 

2 

416 

229 
229 

93 
90 
3 
94 
94 



1,274 

286 

133 
61 
72 
58 
32 
26 
95 
64 
31 



9,869 

4,843 

529 

4,314 

3,459 

603 

2,856 

1,567 

575 

992 

51,384 

49,685 

4,380 

2,754 

1,626 

5,536 

1,524 

4,012 

9,674 

3,052 

6,622 

8,856 

4,090 

4,766 

21,239 

20,995 

89 

155 

1,699 

711 
689 

22 
422 
408 

14 
566 
541 

25 

4,274 

1,263 

473 
188 
285 
290 
139 
151 
500 
265 
235 



680 

315 
62 

253 

189 

55 
134 
176 

71 
105 

2,037 

1,896 

532 

303 

229 

337 

87 

250 

449 

230 

219 

576 

332 

244 

2 

2 



141 

66 

62 
4 
29 
27 
2 
46 
46 



679 

271 

113 
37 
76 
53 
28 
25 

105 
61 
44 



123 

56 

7 

49 

30 
6 

24 

37 
7 

30 

493 

488 

199 
59 

140 
71 
II 
60 
95 
33 
62 

122 

44 

78 

1 



2 
2 

113 

22 
9 
6 

3 
5 
5 



1,097 

376 

96 

280 

249 
77 
172 
472 
198 
274 

11,850 

6,499 

2,153 

1,430 

723 

557 

151 

406 

1,491 

965 

526 

2,283 

1,580 

703 

15 

2 

3 

10 

5,351 

2,331 
2,328 

3 
1,017 
1,014 

3 
2,003 
2,002 

1 

3,188 

781 

265 
187 

78 
171 
135 

36 
345 
285 

60 



See foomotes at end of table. 



36 



TABLE 5. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY REGION OF BIRTH AND TYPE AND CLASS OF ADMISSION 

FISCAL YEAR 1994— Continued 



Type and class of admission 



Total 



Europe 



Asia 



Africa 



Oceania 



North 
America 



Total, employees of U.S. government abroad, spouses & children 

Employees of U.S. government abroad 

New arrivals (SEl) 

Adjustments (SE6) 

Spousesof employees of U.S. government abroad 

New arrivals (SE2) 

Adjustments (SE7) 

Children of employees of U.S. government abroad 

New arrivals (SE3) 

Adjustments (SE8) 

Total, Panama Canal Act (P.L. 96-70) 

Accompanying spouses or children of SFl and SF6 

New arrivals (SF2) 

Certain former emp. of U.S. government in Panama CZ 

New arrivals (SGI) 

Accompanying spouses or children of SGI and SG6 

New arrivals (SG2) 

Accompanying spouse or child of SHI and SH6 

New arrivals (SH2) 

Total, foreign medical graduates (P.L. 97-116) 

Foreign medical school grads., adjustments (SJ6) 

Accompanying spouses or children of SJ6 

Adjustments (SJ7) 

Total, retired employees of international organizations 

and their families 

Retired employees of international organizations 

Adjustments (SK6) 

Accompanying spouses of SKI or SK6 

Adjustments (SK7) 

Unmarried children of SKI orSK6 

New arrivals (SK3) 

Adjustments (SK8) 

Total, juvenile court dependents 

Adjustments (SL6) 

Total, aliens serving in U.S. Armed Forces, spouses, & children 

Served in U.S. Armed Forces for 12 years (elig. after 10/1/91) 

New arrivals (SMI) 

Adjustments (SM6) 

Spouses of SMI or SM6 

New arrivals (SM2) 

Adjustments (SM7) 

Children of SMI or SM6 

New arrivals (SM3) 

Adjustments (SMS) 

Served in U.S. Armed Forces for 12 years (elig. before 10/1/91) ... 

New arrivals (SM4) 

Adjustments (SM9) 

Spouses or children of SM4 or SM9 

New arrivals (SM5) 

Adjustments (SMO) 



762 

231 

230 

1 

176 

174 

2 

355 

352 

3 

37 

2 

2 

10 

10 

24 

24 

1 

1 

2 
1 

1 
1 

227 
5 
5 
1 
I 

221 
11 

210 

501 

501 

931 

233 

61 
172 
283 

52 
231 
179 

62 
117 

86 
8 

78 
150 

18 
132 



24 


574 


10 


162 


10 


161 


8 


130 


8 


130 


6 


282 


6 


282 



42 

1 
1 



41 

2 

39 

19 

19 

11 



72 
2 
2 
1 
1 

69 
3 

66 

44 

44 

918 

233 

61 
172 
279 

52 
227 
170 

60 
110 

86 
8 

78 
150 

18 
132 



56 

17 
17 

9 

7 
2 

30 

27 

3 



46 



46 

3 

43 

22 

22 



84 

34 
34 

20 
20 

30 
30 



36 

2 
2 
9 
9 
24 
24 
1 
1 



3 


21 




2 




2 


3 


19 


1 


1 


2 


18 


1 


407 


1 


407 



See footnotes at end of table. 



37 



TABLE 5. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY REGION OF BIRTH AND TYPE AND CLASS OF ADMISSION 

FISCAL YEAR 1994— Continued 



Type and class of admission 



Total 



Europe 



Asia 



Africa 



Oceania 



North 
America 



Total, religious workers and their families 

Religious workers 

New arrivals (SRI) 

Adjustments (SR6) 

Spouses of SRI or SR6 

New arrivals (SR2) 

Adjustments (SR7) 

Children of SRI or SR6 

New arrivals (SR3) 

Adjustments (SR8) 

Total, employment Sth preference 

5th preference, employment creation, not in targeted area 

New arrivals, conditional (C51) 

Adjustments, conditional (C56) 

Sth preference, spouses of C51, C56 

New arrivals, conditional (C52) 

Adjustments, conditional (C57) 

5th preference, children of C51, C56 

New arrivals, conditional (C53) 

Adjustments, conditional (C58) 

5th preference, employment creation, targeted area 

New arrivals, conditional (T51) 

Adjustments, conditional (T56) 

5th preference, spouses of T51, T56 

New arrivals, conditional (T52) 

Adjustments, conditional (T57) 

5th preference, children of T51, T56 

New arrivals, conditional (T53) 

Adjustments, conditional (T58) 

Total, diversity transition 

Natives of certain foreign states 

New arrivals (AAl) 

Adjustments (AA6) 

Spouses of AAl, AA6 

New arrivals (AA2) 

Adjustments (AA7) 

Children of AAl, AA6 

New arrivals (AA3) 

Adjustments (AA8) 



5,073 
2,495 
1,671 

824 
1,021 

774 

247 
1,557 
1,183 

374 

444 

106 
53 
53 
70 
42 
28 

120 
69 
51 
51 
33 
18 
36 
27 
9 
61 
43 
18 

41,056 

26,156 

25,460 

696 

6,564 

6,356 

208 

8,336 

8,139 

197 



892 

466 
315 
151 
179 
138 

41 
247 
166 

81 

42 

13 
2 

11 
7 
1 

6 
7 
2 
5 
6 
5 
1 
6 
5 
1 
3 
3 

38,079 

24,675 

24,162 

513 

5,861 

5,737 

124 

7,543 

7,425 

118 



1,401 

677 
341 
336 
294 
170 
124 
430 
261 
169 

343 

82 
49 
33 
55 
40 
15 
93 
59 
34 
38 
26 
12 
26 
21 
5 
49 
37 
12 

1330 

765 
656 
109 
310 

273 

37 

255 

223 

32 



284 

159 
81 
78 
54 
37 
17 
71 
57 
14 



241 

127 

118 

9 

60 

51 

9 

54 

50 

4 



84 

45 
28 
17 
15 
12 

3 
24 
21 

3 

4 

1 
1 

1 
1 

2 
2 



1,858 

903 
737 
166 
352 
318 

34 
603 
551 

52 

31 

5 

5 
4 

4 
11 
6 
5 
3 



- 


2 


- 


6 


- 


2 


- 


4 


39 


1,046 


9 


428 


7 


385 


2 


43 


10 


230 


6 


210 


4 


20 


20 


388 


20 


352 


- 


36 



Total, not subject to the Numerical Cap 

Total, Amerasians (P.L. 100-202) 

Amerasians, bom in Vietnam from 1/1/62-1/1/76 .... 

New arrivals (AMI) , 

Spouses or children of AMI orAM6 

New arrivals (AM2) 

Adjustments (AM7) 

Mothers, guardians, or next-of-kin of AMI or AM6 

New arrivals (AM3) 

Adjustments (AM8) 



142,387 

2,822 

741 

741 

769 

766 

3 

1,312 

1,311 

1 



60,074 



53305 

2,822 

741 

741 

769 

766 

3 

1,312 

1,311 

1 



6,347 



59 



21,890 



See footnotes at end of table. 



38 



TABLE 5. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY REGION OF BIRTH AND TYPE AND CLASS OF ADMISSION 

FISCAL YEAR 1994— Continued 



Type and class of admission 



Total 



Europe 



Asia 



Africa 



Oceania 



North 
America 



Total, employees of U.S. businesses in Hong Kong and their families 

Employees of U.S. businesses in Hong Kong 

New arrivals (HKl) 

Spouses of HKl, HK6 

New arrivals (HK2) 

Children of HK1,HK6 .' 

New arrivals (HK3) 

Total, IRCA legalization adjustments 

Entered without inspection before 1/1/82 (W16) 

Entered as nonimmigrant and overstayed before 1/1/82 (W26) 

Blanket EVD group (W36) 

Special agricultural workers (SAW), working in 1984-86 (S16) .... 
Special agricultural workers (SAW), working in 1986 (S26) 

Total, refugee and asylee adjustments 

Total, Cuban refugees (P.L. 89-732) 

Cuban refugees (CU6) 

Non-Cuban spouses or children of Cuban refugees (CU7) 

Total, Indochinese refugees (P.L. 95-145) 

Indochinese refugees (1C6) 

Spouse or child of Indochinese refugees (1C7) 

Refugee parolees (P.L. 95-412) (R86) 

Total, refugees (P.L. 96-212) 

Refugees (RE6) 

Spouses of refugees (RE7) 

Children of refugees (RES) 

Other persons deriving refugee status (RE9) 

Total, asylees (P.L. 96-212) 

Asylees (AS6) 

Spouses of asylees (AS7) 

Children of asylees (ASS) 

Total, other adjustments 

Cuban/Haitian entrants (PL. 99-603) (CH6) 

Individuals bom under diplomatic status in U.S. (DSI) 

Total, former H-1 nurses (P.L. 101-238) 

Nurses (RN6) 

Accompanying spouse or child of RN6 (RN7) 

Parolees, Soviet Union or Indochina (LA6) 

Section 13 (PL. 85-316) (Z83) 

Section 249, entered before 7/1/24 (Z33) 

Section 249, entered 7/1/24-6/28/40 (Z03) 

Section 249. entered 6/29/40-1/1/72 (Z66) 

Suspension of deportation — other than crewman. Section 244 (Z13) 

Total, other new arrivals 

American Indians bom in Canada (S13) 

Total, children born subsequent to issuance of visa 

Parent's visa type is unknown (XA3) 

Parent's visa type is family-sponsored preference (XF3) 

Parent's visa type is employment-based preference (XE3) 

Parent's visa type is immediate relative (XR3) 

Parent's visa type is not family-sponsored, employment-based or 
immediate relative (XN3) 

NOTE: Symbol enclosed in parentheses is the visa or adjustment symbol. 
- Represents zero. 



139 

55 
55 
35 
35 
49 
49 

6,022 

3,744 

671 

21 

101 

1,485 

121,434 
8,316 

7,900 

416 

11 

10 

1 

20 

107,104 

59,440 

18,010 

29,611 

43 

5,983 

3,959 

661 

1,363 

11,519 

47 

18 

304 

147 

157 

8,253 
6 
3 
1 

667 
2,220 

451 

225 

226 

1 
51 
10 
55 

109 



96 

12 
57 
15 
1 
II 

54,978 
65 

25 
40 



2 
53,854 

28,739 

11,365 

13,723 

27 

1,057 

627 

163 

267 

4,956 



2 

2 

4,806 



42 
106 

44 

44 

6 

2 
4 

32 



137 

55 
55 
35 
35 

47 
47 

269 

34 

95 

1 

6 

133 

45,768 
4 

2 
2 

11 

10 
1 

18 

43,623 

23,564 

6,034 

14,010 

15 

2,112 

1,501 
223 
388 

4,208 

1 

302 

145 

157 

3,429 

1 

1 

54 
420 

101 

1 

100 

1 

20 
6 
12 

61 



103 

17 

52 

5 

3 

26 

6,078 
1 

1 



5,204 

3,160 

460 

1,583 

1 

873 

648 

66 

159 

161 



17 
1 



21 
118 



15 

2 
13 



23 



22 
8 
7 
7 

18 



4 
14 

2 
2 

1 

1 



I 

5,354 

3,597 

395 

91 

1,271 

14,204 
8,045 

7,865 
180 



4,377 

3,955 

145 

277 



1,782 

1,100 

182 

500 

2,037 

47 

13 



3 
3 

521 
1,450 

294 

224 

70 

25 

1 

33 



39 



TABLE 6. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY CLASS OF ADMISSION AND REGION AND SELECTED 
FOREIGN STATE OF CHARGEABILITY UNDER THE PREFERENCE CATEGORIES 

FISCAL YEAR 1994 



Region and 




Family-sponsored preferences 


Employment-based preferences 


























foreign state 


Total 




1st 


2nd 


3rd 


4th 




1st 


2nd 


3rd 


4th 


5th 


of chargeability 




Total 


pref. 


pref. 


pref. 


pref. 


Total 


pref. 


pref. 


pref. 


pref. 


ptef. 


All countries 


335^52 


211,961 


13,181 


115,000 


22,191 


61,589 


123,291 


21,053 


14,432 


76,956 


10,406 


444 


Europe 


26,974 


9,859 


1,287 


1,151 


4,448 


2,973 


17,115 


7,312 


2,131 


6,353 


1,275 


44 


Albania 


335 


331 


241 


1 


89 


- 


4 


1 




3 


- 


- 


Austria 


150 


21 


3 


14 


I 


3 


129 


56 


12 


52 


9 


- 


Belgium 


223 


19 


1 


3 


12 


3 


204 


106 


32 


59 


5 


2 


Bulgaria 


417 


62 


14 


8 


39 


1 


355 


112 


60 


170 


13 




Czechoslovakia .. 


224 


63 


11 


6 


39 


7 


161 


84 


22 


51 


4 




Denmark 


191 


21 


3 


3 


15 


- 


170 


87 


22 


43 


18 




Finland 


150 


12 


1 


2 


4 


5 


138 


61 


10 


54 


8 


5 


France 


1,021 


192 


29 


30 


45 


88 


829 


453 


80 


254 


42 


- 


Germany 


1,319 


180 


48 


31 


34 


67 


1,139 


615 


159 


298 


61 


6 


Greece 


417 


197 


18 


9 


23 


147 


220 


55 


72 


82 


9 


2 


Hungary 


305 


46 


16 


6 


17 


7 


259 


92 


51 


95 


21 


- 


Ireland 


301 


118 


65 


12 


25 


16 


183 


80 


13 


69 


21 


- 


Italy 


780 


244 


25 


19 


35 


165 


536 


226 


42 


205 


63 




Netheriands 


439 


57 


9 


15 


9 


24 


382 


186 


21 


151 


21 


3 


Poland 


6,643 


4,875 


452 


474 


3,323 


626 


1,768 


224 


220 


1.104 


220 




Portugal 


1,579 


1,020 


9 


192 


59 


760 


559 


34 


7 


497 


17 


4 


Portugal 


1,373 


858 


8 


172 


53 


625 


515 


28 


2 


468 


17 


- 


Macau 


206 


162 


1 


20 


6 


135 


44 


6 


5 


29 




4 


Romania 


686 


191 


29 


26 


103 


33 


495 


56 


126 


192 


121 


- 


Soviet Union 


2,706 


182 


57 


41 


67 


17 


2,524 


1,264 


516 


563 


176 


5 


Spain 


438 


86 


8 


23 


8 


47 


352 


126 


27 


129 


70 


- 


Sweden 


413 


39 


10 


10 


9 


10 


374 


216 


41 


96 


21 


- 


Switzeriand 


311 


38 


6 


3 


14 


15 


273 


112 


32 


87 


34 


8 


United Kingdom . 


6,400 


1,211 


179 


165 


295 


572 


5,189 


2,745 


408 


1,784 


243 


9 


Yugoslavia 


1,255 


597 


40 


44 


161 


352 


658 


233 


118 


240 


67 


- 


Other Europe 


271 


57 


13 


14 


22 


8 


214 


88 


40 


75 


11 


- 


Asia 


116,092 


64,380 


2,982 


17,971 


8,560 


34,867 


51,712 


7,094 


9,854 


30,181 


4,244 


339 


Bangladesh 


1,875 


1,547 


12 


796 


47 


692 


328 


45 


100 


137 


46 


- 


Burma 


591 


503 


13 


65 


141 


284 


88 


4 


11 


55 


13 


5 


China, Mainland . 


23,074 


9,967 


130 


1,985 


2,132 


5,720 


13,107 


1,526 


2,558 


8,871 


90 


62 


Hong Kong 


4,774 


3,303 


45 


352 


343 


2,563 


1,471 


288 


224 


851 


57 


51 


India 


21,879 


13,448 


84 


4,559 


1,166 


7,639 


8,431 


1,279 


3,232 


3,492 


422 


6 


Indonesia 


396 


202 


10 


36 


23 


133 


194 


52 


24 


106 


11 


I 


Iran 


2,936 


1,355 


58 


389 


205 


703 


1,581 


124 


251 


1,191 


15 


- 


Iraq 


797 


578 


21 


23 


210 


324 


219 


63 


39 


98 


19 


- 


Israel 


1,821 


343 


44 


62 


125 


112 


1,478 


221 


136 


856 


258 


7 


Japan 


2,207 


142 


19 


72 


17 


34 


2,065 


1,109 


117 


674 


156 


9 


Jordan 


1,175 


917 


53 


141 


252 


471 


258 


50 


47 


145 


16 


- 


Korea 


8,379 


3.772 


99 


759 


442 


2,472 


4,607 


638 


377 


2,528 


1,029 


35 


Kuwait 


350 


169 


6 


43 


44 


76 


181 


25 


28 


124 


4 


- 


Lebanon 


1,672 


982 


45 


313 


211 


413 


690 


59 


126 


462 


39 


4 


Malaysia 


757 


194 


3 


48 


12 


131 


563 


57 


116 


348 


42 


- 


Pakistan 


4,903 


3,953 


41 


608 


290 


3,014 


950 


199 


207 


442 


98 


4 


Philippines 


23,628 


14,008 


1,520 


6,373 


1,611 


4,504 


9,620 


262 


762 


7,003 


1,585 


8 


Singapore 


238 


59 


1 


12 


2 


44 


179 


37 


37 


84 


21 


- 




665 
1,053 


260 
653 


11 
37 


23 
206 


34 
129 


192 
281 


405 
400 


71 
15 


83 
81 


216 
286 


35 
18 


- 


Syria 


- 


Taiwan 


6,685 


3,058 


116 


500 


318 


2,124 


3,627 


811 


1,107 


1,451 


116 


142 


Thailand 


895 


560 


63 


154 


25 


318 


335 


27 


28 


228 


52 


- 


Turkey 


491 


139 


14 


18 


15 


92 


352 


59 


71 


212 


8 


2 


United Arab Emirates 


185 


121 


1 


9 


28 


83 


64 


16 


3 


43 


2 


- 


Vietnam 


3,536 


3,423 


350 


327 


507 


2,239 


113 


13 


9 


66 


25 


- 


Yemen 


236 


216 


101 


21 


85 


9 


20 


5 


6 


2 


7 


- 


Other Asia ... . 


894 


508 


85 


77 


146 


200 


386 


39 


74 


210 


60 


3 







See footnotes at end of table. 

40 



TABLE 6. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY CLASS OF ADMISSION AND REGION AND SELECTED 
FOREIGN STATE OF CHARGEABILITY UNDER THE PREFERENCE CATEGORIES 

FISCAL YEAR 1994 



Region and 

foreign state 

of chargeability 



Total 



Family-sponsored preferences 



Total 



1st 
pref. 



2nd 
pref. 



3rd 
pref. 



4th 
pref. 



Employment-based preferences 



Total 



1st 
pief. 



2nd 
pref. 



3rd 
pref. 



4th 
pref. 



Africa 

Cape Verde 

Egypt 

Ethiopia 

Ghana 

Kenya 

Liberia 

Nigeria 

Sierra Leone 

South Africa 

Tanzania 

Uganda 

Other Africa 

Oceania 

Australia 

Fiji 

New Zealand 

Other Oceania 

North America .... 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Bahamas, The ... 

Barbados 

Cuba 

Dominica 

Dominican Rep. 

Grenada 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

St. Vincent & 

Grenadines 

Trinidad & 

Tobago 

Other Caribbean 
Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

South America .... 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Peru 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Other S. America 

No country limitation 

- Represents zero. 



7,425 
397 

1,510 
266 
424 
563 
266 

1,017 
217 

1,279 
287 
227 
972 

2,149 

871 
649 
431 
198 

75,427 

8,481 

15,064 

36,972 

187 

403 

1,609 

295 

20,523 

272 

3,031 

6,863 

231 

3,038 

520 

14,910 

290 

323 

8,871 

2,246 

1,735 

976 

469 

20,310 

1,072 

643 

1,747 

679 

3,874 

2,545 

5,007 

3,478 

245 

816 

204 

86,875 



3,282 

387 
901 
118 
275 
399 
148 
70 
133 
175 
213 
174 
289 

895 

70 
615 

40 
170 

54,884 

1,411 

11,401 

33,369 

103 

271 
1,548 

247 
20,017 

204 
2,652 
5,891 

176 

1,822 

438 

8,703 

231 

170 

5,061 

1,037 

1,341 

574 

289 

12,796 

248 

256 

276 

316 

2,729 

1,815 

4,460 

2,304 

88 

239 

65 

65,865 



346 

14 

36 

21 

113 

1 

59 

22 

30 

27 

1 

1 

21 

55 

19 
2 
11 

23 

7,324 

333 

2,265 

4,062 

29 

83 

519 

33 

1,653 

40 

385 

900 

35 

311 
74 

664 
51 
33 

126 
67 

171 

120 
96 

1,187 

33 

18 

34 

31 

263 

170 

344 

215 

9 

66 

4 



945 

267 
161 
64 
124 
26 
58 
30 
72 
23 
13 
11 
96 

90 

7 
38 

5 
40 

24,906 

101 

965 

17,968 

28 

32 

98 

99 

13,859 

75 

1,195 

1,935 

44 

472 

131 

5,872 

65 

63 

4,394 

473 

678 

150 

49 

4,072 

86 

123 

133 

82 

1,138 

823 

716 

853 

21 

79 

18 

65,865 



340 

26 
124 

7 
14 
11 
18 
12 

9 
63 

5 
20 
31 

110 

32 

62 

7 

9 

6,630 

468 
2,237 
3,317 

27 

47 

678 

4 

1,098 

17 

107 

653 

39 

606 

41 

608 

35 
24 

104 
89 

206 
83 
67 

2,103 

61 

22 

28 

48 

286 

210 

1,099 

289 

7 

45 



1,651 

80 

580 

26 

24 

361 

13 

6 

22 

62 

194 

142 

141 

640 

12 

513 

17 

98 

16,024 

509 
5,934 
8,022 

19 
109 

253 
111 

3,407 

72 

965 

2,403 

58 

433 

192 

1,559 

80 
50 
437 
408 
286 
221 
77 

5,434 

68 
93 
81 

155 
1,042 

612 
2,301 

947 
51 
49 
35 



4,143 

10 
609 
148 
149 
164 
118 
947 

84 
1,104 

74 

53 
683 

1,254 

801 
34 

391 
28 

20,543 

7,070 
3,663 
3,603 

84 
132 

61 

48 
506 

68 
379 
972 

55 

1,216 

82 

6,207 

59 
153 
3,810 
1,209 
394 
402 
180 

7,514 
824 
387 

1,471 
363 

1,145 
730 
547 

1,174 
157 
577 
139 

21,010 



788 

120 

23 

3 

45 

10 

119 
2 

304 
17 
13 

132 

539 

403 
2 

130 
4 

4,000 

3,361 
421 
136 

9 
7 
1 
3 

37 

9 
29 



32 
9 

82 
2 

37 
1 
8 

11 
3 

20 

1320 

222 
11 

538 
86 

101 
36 
16 

114 
43 

141 
12 



679 

102 

15 

32 

38 

5 

175 
16 

137 

10 

9 

140 

121 

89 

1 

31 

1,156 

891 

95 

112 

4 
7 
2 
1 
15 

13 

43 



25 
1 

58 
1 

14 
7 

11 

15 
10 

491 

104 
12 
98 
26 
43 
15 
12 
84 
15 
68 
14 



1,997 

10 

305 
51 
76 
50 
57 

512 
53 

532 
28 
20 

303 

476 

246 

22 

205 

3 

12,132 

2,473 

2,383 

2,014 

47 

94 

5 

34 

148 

43 

188 

615 

44 

734 

62 

5,262 

48 

56 

3,547 

994 

259 

285 

73 

4,809 

400 
342 
650 
214 
829 
633 
446 
864 

87 
253 

91 

21,008 



675 

80 
59 
38 
29 
46 

141 
13 

131 
19 
11 

108 

114 

63 
9 

21 
21 

3,222 
328 
750 

1,341 

24 

24 

53 

10 

306 

25 

169 

285 

10 

425 

10 

803 

8 

46 

255 

196 

124 

99 

75 

874 
93 
22 

178 
37 

172 
46 
73 

109 
12 

115 
17 



41 



TABLE 7. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY TYPE OF ADMISSION AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 

FISCAL YEAR 1994 



Region and country 
of birth 



Immigrants admitted 



Total 



Subject to 

numerical 

cap 



Not subject 

to numerical 

cap 



New arrivals 



Total 



Subject to 

numerical 

cap 



Not subject 

to numerical 

cap 



Adjustments 



Total 



Subject to 

numerical 

cap 



Not subject 

to numerical 

cap 



All countries 

Europe 

Albania 

Belgium 

Bulgaria 

Czechoslovakia 

Denmark 

France 

Germany 

Greece 

Hungary 

Ireland 

Italy 

Latvia 

Lithuania 

Netherlands 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Soviet Union, former 

Armenia 

Azerbaijan 

Belarus 

Moldova 

Russia 

Ukraine 

Uzbekistan 

Other republics 

Unknown repubUc . 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

Afghanistan 

Bangladesh 

Burma 

Cambodia 

China, Mainland 

Hong Kong 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Iraq 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Kuwait 

Laos 

Lebanon 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Saudi Arabia 

Singapore 

Sri Lanka 

Syria 

Taiwan 

Thailand 



804,416 

160,916 

1,489 

516 

981 

874 

606 

2,715 

6,992 

1,440 

880 

17,256 

2,305 

762 

663 

1,239 

28,048 

2,169 

3,444 

63,420 

3,984 

2,844 

5,420 

2,260 

15,249 

21,010 

3,435 

2,264 

6,954 

1,418 

1,140 

877 

16,326 

3,405 

1,951 

292,589 

2,344 

3,434 

938 

1,404 

53,985 
7,731 

34,921 
1,367 

11,422 
6,025 
3,425 
6,093 
3,990 

16,011 
1,065 
5.089 
4,319 
1,480 
8,698 

53,535 

668 

542 

989 

2,426 

10,032 
5,489 



662,029 

100,842 

755 

512 

820 

831 

606 

2,684 

6,878 

1,245 

837 

17,245 

2,276 

185 

442 

1,232 

27,648 

2,157 

2,225 

8,057 

392 

73 

209 

72 

4,514 

1,317 

181 

347 

952 

1,350 

1,138 

872 

16,260 

2,851 

1,736 

239,284 

667 

3,388 

822 

758 

53,153 

7,514 

34,714 

1,318 

8,426 

1,596 

3,369 

6,081 

3,922 

15,974 

968 

589 

4,096 

1,420 

8,446 

52,931 

589 

541 

952 

2,226 

9,984 

2,394 



142,387 

60,074 

734 

4 

161 

43 

31 

114 

195 

43 

11 

29 

577 

221 

7 

400 

12 

1,219 

55,363 

3,592 

2,771 

5,211 

2,188 

10,735 

19,693 

3,254 

1,917 

6,002 

68 

2 

5 
66 

554 
215 

53305 

1,677 

46 

116 

646 

832 

217 

207 

49 

2,996 

4,429 

56 

12 

68 

37 

97 

4,500 

223 

60 

252 

604 

79 

1 

37 

200 

48 

3,095 



490,429 

70,272 

726 

211 

466 

396 

290 

1,139 

3,738 

686 

382 

16,400 

1,028 

90 

281 

523 

25,318 

1,763 

1,198 

3,770 

184 

30 

97 

34 

2,099 

583 

116 

131 

496 

613 

425 

387 

7,853 

1,787 

802 

153,845 

558 

2,947 

653 

601 

18,532 

5,818 

24,857 

858 

5,997 

1,285 

1,621 

2,743 

2,750 

10,661 

491 

253 

2,780 

630 

7,007 

40,247 

345 

230 

592 

1,571 

5,454 

1,559 



487,021 

70,228 

726 

211 

466 

396 

290 

1,139 

3,734 

686 

382 

16,394 

1,028 

90 

281 

523 

25,297 

1,762 

1,198 

3,769 

184 

30 

97 

34 

2,098 

583 

116 

131 

496 

612 

425 

387 

7,844 

1,786 

802 

150,789 

558 

2,944 

653 

589 

18,520 

5,691 

24,850 

857 

5,995 

1,285 

1,619 

2,742 

2,746 

10,656 

491 

253 

2,780 

628 

7,002 

40,183 

344 

230 

592 

1,571 

5,453 

1,558 



3,408 
44 



21 



3,056 



12 

12 

127 

7 

1 

2 

2 
1 
4 
5 



2 

5 

64 

1 



313,987 

90,644 

763 

305 

515 

478 

316 

1,576 

3,254 

754 

498 

856 

1,277 

672 

382 

716 

2,730 

406 

2,246 

59,650 

3,800 

2,814 

5,323 

2,226 

13,150 

20,427 

3,319 

2,133 

6,458 

805 

715 

490 

8,473 

1,618 

1,149 

138,744 

1,786 

487 

285 

803 

35,453 

1.913 

10,064 

509 

5,425 

4,740 

1,804 

3,350 

1,240 

5,350 

574 

4,836 

1,539 

850 

1,691 

13,288 

323 

312 

397 

855 

4,578 

3,930 



175,008 

30,614 

29 

301 

354 

435 

316 

1,545 

3,144 

559 

455 

851 

1,248 

95 

161 

709 

2,351 

395 

1,027 

4,288 

208 

43 

112 

38 

2,416 

734 

65 

216 

456 

738 

713 

485 

8,416 

1,065 

934 

88,495 

109 

444 

169 

169 

34.633 

1.823 

9.864 

461 

2.431 

311 

1.750 

3.339 

1.176 

5.318 

477 

336 

1.316 

792 

1.444 

12.748 

245 

311 

360 

655 

4.531 

836 



See footnotes at end of table. 



42 



TABLE 7. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY TYPE OF ADMISSION AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 

FISCAL YEAR 1994— Continued 



Region and country 
of birth 



Immigrants admitted 



Total 



Subject to 

numerical 

cap 



Not subject 

to numerical 

cap 



New arrivals 



Total 



Subject to 

numerical 

cap 



Not subject 

to numerical 

cap 



Adjustments 



Total 



Subject to 

numerical 

cap 



Turkey 

Vietnam 

Yemen 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Cape Verde 

Egypt 

Ethiopia 

Ghana 

Kenya 

Liberia 

Morocco 

Nigeria 

Sierra Leone 

Somalia 

South Africa 

Sudan 

Other Africa 

Oceania 

Australia 

Fiji 

New Zealand 

Other Oceania 

North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Bahamas, The 

Barbados 

Cuba 

Dominican Republic .. 

Grenada 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

St. Vincent & Gren. ... 

Trinidad & Tobago .... 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

EI Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

Other North America ... 

South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Paraguay 

Peru 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Other South America ... 

Unknown or not reported 
- Represents zero. 



1,840 

41,345 

741 

1,241 

26,712 

810 
3,392 
4,355 
1,458 
1,017 
1,762 
1,074 
3,950 

698 
1,737 
2,144 

651 
3,664 

4,592 

2,049 

1,007 

918 

618 

272,226 

16,068 

111,398 

104,804 

589 

897 

14,727 

51,189 

595 

13,333 

14,349 

524 

6,292 

2,309 

39,908 

772 

1,205 

17,644 

7,389 

5,265 

5,255 

2,378 

48 

47,377 
2,318 
1,404 
4,491 
1,640 
10,847 
5,906 
7,662 

789 
9,177 

516 
2,427 

200 



1,600 

8,904 

737 

1,205 

20,365 

809 

3,311 

1,597 

1,400 

908 

890 

1,062 

3,851 

688 

158 

2,133 

246 

3,312 

4,533 

2,038 
977 
917 
601 

250,336 

15,761 

106,109 

91,535 

578 

887 

2,644 

51,017 

591 

12,485 

14,269 

520 

6,262 

2,282 

36,896 

739 

1,164 

16,994 

7,047 

5,093 

3,524 

2.335 

35 

46,667 

2,284 
1,376 
4,453 
1,621 
10,692 
5,830 
7,645 

785 
8,949 

508 
2,330 

194 



240 

32,441 

4 

36 

6,347 

1 

81 

2,758 

58 

109 

872 

12 

99 

10 

1,579 

11 

405 

352 

59 

11 

30 

1 

17 

21,890 

307 

5,289 

13,269 

11 

10 

12,083 

172 

4 

848 

80 

4 

30 

27 

3,012 

33 

41 

650 

342 

172 

1,731 

43 

13 

710 

34 

28 

38 

19 

155 

76 

17 

4 

228 

8 

97 

6 



969 

10,400 
641 
795 

10,752 

599 

2,147 

855 

916 

513 

508 

414 

1,635 

396 

118 

950 

67 

1,634 

2,156 

690 

844 
324 
298 

218,967 

7,414 

97,958 

79,991 

243 

528 

2,504 

48,031 

401 

11,237 

10,931 

333 

4,292 

1,491 

33,580 

588 

726 

16,603 

6,469 

4,445 

3,078 

1,671 

24 

34,437 

1,257 
1,038 
1,939 

911 
7,986 
5,023 
6,982 

692 
7,055 

308 
1,132 

114 



969 

7,595 
641 
794 

10,747 
599 

2,145 
855 
916 
513 
508 
413 

1,634 

395 

118 

950 

67 

1,634 

2,153 

687 
844 
324 
298 

218,672 

7,183 

97,909 

79,980 

243 

528 

2,504 

48,024 

401 

11,236 

10,928 

333 

4,292 

1,491 

33,576 

588 

726 

16,601 

6,468 

4,445 

3,078 

1,670 

24 

34,432 

1,256 
1,037 
1,937 

911 
7,985 
5,023 
6,982 

692 
7,055 

308 
1,132 

114 



2,805 
1 

5 
2 



295 

231 
49 
11 



871 

30,945 

100 

446 

15,960 

211 
1,245 
3,500 

542 

504 
1,254 

660 
2,315 

302 
1,619 
1,194 

584 
2,030 

2,436 

1,359 
163 

594 
320 

53,259 

8,654 
13,440 
24,813 

346 

369 

12,223 

3,158 

194 
2,096 
3,418 

191 
2,000 

818 
6,328 

184 

479 
1,041 

920 

820 
2,177 

707 
24 

12,940 

1,061 
366 

2,552 
729 

2,861 

883 

680 

97 

2,122 
208 

1,295 
86 



631 

1,309 

96 

411 

9,618 

210 

1,166 
742 
484 
395 
382 
649 

2,217 

293 

40 

1,183 
179 

1,678 

2,380 

1,351 
133 

593 
303 

31,664 

8,578 

8,200 

11,555 

335 
359 
140 

2,993 
190 

1,249 

3,341 
187 

1,970 
791 

3,320 
151 
438 
393 
579 
648 
446 
665 
II 

12,235 

1,028 
339 

2,516 
710 

2,707 

807 

663 

93 

1,894 
200 

1,198 
80 



43 





TABLE 8. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED CLASS OF ADMISSION 






AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 












FISCAL YEAR 1994 












Family- 


Employ- 


Immediate relatives of U.S. citizens 


Refugee 






Legali- 










, 










Diversity 
transi- 


IRCA 




Region and 


Total 


sored 


based 










asylee 


legaliza- 


zation 


Other ' 


country of birth 




prefer- 
ences 


prefer- 
ences 


Total 


Spouses 


Children 


Parents 


adjust- 
ments 


tion 


tion 


depen- 
dents 




All countries 


804,416 


211,961 


123,291 


249,764 


145,247 


48,147 


56370 


121,434 


41,056 


6,022 


34,074 


16,814 




160,916 

1,489 


10,902 

328 


17,120 

4 


34384 

369 


25,210 

234 


5,748 
HI 


3,426 

24 


54,978 

733 


38,079 

54 


96 


43 


5314 


Albania 


1 


Belgium 


516 


20 


211 


244 


216 


21 


7 


2 


33 


2 


- 


4 


Bulgaria 


981 


62 


364 


391 


215 


135 


41 


138 


3 


1 


- 


22 


Czechoslovakia . . 


874 


69 


170 


493 


403 


56 


34 


41 


99 


I 


- 


1 


Denmark 


606 


20 


174 


375 


347 


12 


16 


- 


33 


- 




4 


France 


2,715 


245 


806 


1,513 


1,369 


92 


52 


10 


104 


2 




35 


Germany 


6,992 


240 


1,144 


5,273 


4,467 


618 


188 


84 


183 


4 


- 


64 


Greece 


1,440 


245 


217 


766 


564 


49 


153 


65 


8 


6 


4 


129 


Hungary 


880 


56 


264 


452 


318 


68 


66 


37 


65 


- 


- 


6 


Ireland 


17,256 


123 


178 


559 


467 


70 


22 


- 


16,344 


5 


- 


47 


Italy 


2,305 


284 


539 


1,352 


1,123 


69 


160 


11 


91 


3 


- 


25 


Latvia 


762 


2 


42 


120 


65 


50 


5 


568 


21 


- 


- 


9 


Lithuania 


663 


16 


41 


278 


133 


127 


18 


214 


107 


- 




7 


Netherlands 


1,239 


64 


381 


734 


683 


28 


23 


3 


45 


2 


2 


8 


Poland 


28,048 
2,169 


5,277 
1,057 


1,762 
500 


3,055 
577 


1,758 
432 


615 
49 


682 
96 


334 
2 


17,495 

1 


28 
8 


22 
3 


75 


Portugal 


21 


Romania 


3,444 
63,420 


224 
285 


511 

2,558 


1,483 
5,157 


698 

2,340 


405 
2,264 


380 
553 


1,199 
50,756 


6 

51 


3 


1 

1 


20 


Soviet U., former . 


4,609 


Armenia 


3,984 


28 


175 


187 


132 


31 


24 


342 


- 


- 


- 


3,252 


Azerbaijan 


2,844 


6 


25 


42 


27 


6 


9 


2,668 


- 


- 


- 


103 


Belarus 


5,420 

2,260 

15,249 

21,010 

3,435 


16 

10 
95 
67 
10 


65 

19 

1,474 

384 

52 


126 

43 

2,931 

859 

117 


65 

13 

1,201 

427 

50 


23 

7 

1,635 

243 
52 


38 
23 
95 
189 
15 


.5,156 

2,154 

10,359 

19,366 

3,211 


2 

13 
6 

2 


- 


1 


55 




34 


Russia 


376 


Ukraine 


328 


Uzbekistan 


43 


Other republics . 


2,264 


12 


128 


206 


129 


55 


22 


1,781 




- 


- 


137 


Unknown rep. ... 


6,954 


41 


236 


646 


296 


212 


138 


5,719 


28 


3 


- 


281 


Spain 


1,418 


119 


342 


868 


709 


70 


89 


55 


13 


4 


4 


13 


Sweden 


1,140 


44 


379 


657 


619 


24 


14 


- 


51 


- 




9 


Switzerland 


877 


39 


277 


503 


445 


39 


19 


2 


48 


2 


- 


6 


United Kingdom .. 


16,326 


1,304 


5,184 


6,622 


5,729 


552 


341 


17 


3,050 


20 


2 


127 


Yugoslavia 


3,405 


695 


665 


1,482 


918 


152 


412 


506 


5 


5 


4 


43 


Other Europe 


1,951 


84 


407 


1,061 


958 


72 


31 


201 


169 


- 




29 




292,589 

2,344 


74,418 

128 


73,023 

66 


89,496 

473 


42351 

269 


14,580 

22 


32,565 

182 


45,768 

1,665 


1,330 


269 

1 


396 


7,889 


Afghanistan 


11 


Bangladesh 


3,434 


2,167 


334 


860 


379 


73 


408 


19 




21 


18 


15 


Burma 


938 


497 


104 


219 


119 


17 


83 


114 


2 


2 


- 


- 


Cambodia 


1,404 


149 


26 


583 


299 


57 


227 


557 


- 


- 


- 


89 


China, Mainland .. 


53,985 


9,513 


33,559 


10,039 


3,195 


1,138 


5,706 


774 


13 


9 


20 


58 


Hong Kong 


7,731 


4,663 


1,697 


1,122 


775 


158 


189 


82 


11 


2 


1 


153 


India 


34,921 


16,192 


8,372 


9,731 


3,601 


671 


5,459 


133 


16 


48 


281 


148 


Indonesia 


1,367 


213 


220 


437 


331 


42 


64 


41 


436 




- 


20 


Iran 


11,422 
6,025 
3,425 


1,814 
603 

346 


1,728 

211 

1,503 


4,848 

777 

1,481 


1,473 

396 

1,078 


120 

19 

139 


3,255 
362 
264 


2,186 

4,400 

29 


5 

3 

13 


38 
2 
6 


3 


800 


Iraa 


29 


Israel 


47 


Japan 


6,093 
3,990 

16,011 
1,065 
5,089 
4,319 
1,480 
8,698 

53,535 


204 
1,168 
4,732 

254 

126 
1,100 

233 

4,960 

14,956 


2,070 
247 

4,619 
228 
6 
735 
569 
931 

9,569 


3,014 

2,490 

6,507 

482 

457 

2,242 

605 

2,452 

28,307 


2,703 

1,439 

2,819 

450 

238 

1.292 

502 

1.380 

13.786 


180 

212 

2,184 

29 

48 

113 

35 

183 

7,286 


131 

839 

1,504 

3 

171 

837 

68 

889 

7,235 


4 

48 

3 

94 

4,482 

88 

49 

181 

103 


758 

1 
1 
1 

3 
7 
9 
17 


5 

1 

26 

1 

4 

50 
34 


19 

1 

10 

32 


38 




35 


Korea 


104 




5 


Laos 


18 


Lebanon 


146 


Malaysia 


17 


Pakistan 


105 


Philippines 


517 


Saudi Arabia 


668 


176 


186 


209 


168 


38 


3 


75 


5 


- 




17 


Singapore 


542 


64 


194 


279 


232 


24 


23 


1 


2 




1 


1 




989 

2,426 


276 
642 


405 
390 


264 
1,178 


166 

670 


12 
43 


86 
465 


33 
34 


3 

2 


1 


1 


6 


Syria 


180 


Taiwan 


10,032 


3,732 


3,868 


2,338 


1,289 


321 


728 


- 


8 


10 


6 


70 


Thailand 


5,489 


656 


340 


1,383 


923 


303 


157 


3,076 


1 


5 


2 


26 


Turkey 


1,840 


191 


354 


1,051 


711 


62 


278 


156 


2 


2 


1 


83 



See footnotes at end of table. 

44 



TABLE 8. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED CLASS OF ADMISSION 

AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 

FISCAL YEAR 1994— Continued 



Region and 
country of birth 



Total 



Family- 
spon- 
sored 

prefer- 
ences 



Employ- 
ment- 
based 
prefer- 
ences 



Immediate relatives of U.S. citizens 



Total 



Spouses 



Children 



Parents 



Refugee 

and 
asylee 
adjust- 
ments 



Diversity 
transi- 
tion 



IRCA 
legaliza- 
tion 



Legali- 
zation 

depen- 
dents 



Vietnam 

Yemen 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Cape Verde 

Egypt 

Ethiopia 

Ghana 

Kenya 

Liberia 

Morocco 

Nigeria 

Sierra Leone 

Somalia 

South Africa 

Sudan 

Other Africa 

Oceania 

Australia 

Fiji 

New Zealand 

Other Oceania 

North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Bahamas, The ... 

Barbados 

Cuba 

Dominican Rep. 

Grenada 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

St. Vincent & 
Grenadines .... 

Trinidad & 
Tobago 

Other Caribbean 
Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

Other N. America 

South America ..... 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Paraguay 

Peru 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Other S. America 

Unknown or not rep. 



41,345 

741 

1,241 

26,712 

810 
3,392 
4,355 
1,458 
1,017 
1,762 
1,074 
3,950 

698 
1,737 
2,144 

651 
3,664 

4,592 

2,049 

1,007 

918 

618 

272,226 

16,068 

111,398 

104,804 

589 
897 
14,727 
51,189 
595 
13,333 
14,349 

524 

6,292 

2,309 

39,908 

772 
1,205 
17,644 
7,389 
5,265 
5,255 
2,378 
48 

47,377 
2,318 
1,404 
4,491 
1,640 
10,847 
5,906 
7,662 

789 
9,177 

516 
2,427 

200 



3,947 
219 
497 

4,117 

377 
1,042 
209 
434 
351 
171 

42 
458 
135 

12 
199 

21 
666 

936 

76 
623 

46 
191 

104,909 

1,579 

39,136 

45,528 

167 

339 

1,674 

24,343 

238 

8,367 

7,047 

208 

2,189 

956 

18,650 

352 

252 

10,437 

3,656 

2,182 

1,339 

432 

16 

16,679 

327 

424 

413 

389 

3,583 

2,798 

5,104 

63 

3,033 

106 

380 

59 



122 
18 

352 

4,196 

10 
567 
152 
153 
174 
118 
153 
959 

80 

14 
1,124 

50 
642 

1,254 

793 
32 

391 
38 

20,111 

6,937 

3,256 

3,704 

85 

136 

63 

498 

65 

395 

982 

58 

1,227 
195 

6,208 
63 
158 

3,783 

1,221 

405 

396 

182 

6 

7,587 
830 
386 

1,490 
365 

1,150 

738 

548 

88 

1,165 

160 

620 

47 



4,832 
499 

337 

11,757 
421 

1,682 

1,233 
809 
379 
601 
858 

2,426 
458 
131 
759 
174 

1,826 

2,292 

1,131 
319 
470 
372 

90,046 

6,153 
30,146 
41,998 

320 

404 

906 

25,996 

288 

3,713 

6,189 

253 

2,826 

1,103 

11,736 

316 
741 
2,550 
2,148 
2,488 
1,780 
1,713 
13 

21,787 

823 

560 
2,526 

850 
5,891 
2,228 
1,974 

630 
4,670 

236 

1,312 

87 



1,229 
192 

247 

8,124 

195 

1,085 

693 

520 

307 

228 

727 

1,893 

258 

64 

497 

153 

1,504 

1,893 

1,035 
177 
426 
255 

54,844 

4,985 

19,828 

23,282 

234 

279 

389 

14,894 

185 

1,230 

3,433 

173 

1,814 

651 

6,740 

176 
520 
1,385 
1,079 
1,451 
1,032 
1,097 
9 

12,825 

588 
306 

1,906 
547 

3,531 

1,315 
747 
103 

2,657 

187 

885 

53 



722 

291 

38 

1,637 

143 
107 
201 
204 

24 
264 

32 
246 
143 

15 

77 

2 

179 

196 

86 

22 
33 
55 

21,264 

1,005 

5,377 

11,707 

66 

73 

246 

7,678 

45 

897 

1,691 

51 

702 
258 
3,175 
75 
173 
577 
749 
761 
401 
439 

4,722 

93 

132 

491 

177 

1,322 

422 

344 

508 

868 

9 

335 

21 



2,881 
16 

52 

1,996 

83 
490 
339 

85 

48 
109 

99 
287 

57 

52 
185 

19 
143 

203 

10 

120 

11 

62 

13,938 

163 
4,941 
7,009 

20 

52 

271 

3,424 

58 

1,586 

1,065 

29 

310 

194 

1,821 

65 

48 
588 
320 
276 
347 
177 
4 

4,240 

142 

122 

129 

126 

1,038 

491 

883 

19 

1,145 

40 

92 

13 



27,318 
4 
19 

6,078 

37 

2,730 

37 

98 

851 

3 

21 

4 

1,572 

6 

402 

317 

23 
1 

22 



14,204 

10 

15 

12,672 



11,998 



664 
1 



1,507 

1 

20 

275 

131 

81 

966 

33 

383 

9 
10 

9 

8 
70 
25 

3 

1 
153 

2 
91 

2 



241 

5 
1 



1 

42 

1 

173 

39 

34 
1 

4 

1,046 

1,010 

6 

28 

5 



3 
11 

2 



321 

287 
2 
8 
2 
4 
2 
3 

7 
2 
4 



103 

7 

9 
13 

1 
11 

3 
32 

3 

3 

1 

20 

15 

2 

1 
12 

5,354 

20 

4,403 

377 

4 

6 

1 

142 

3 

133 

54 



16 

16 

554 

20 

10 

291 

154 

60 

15 

4 

183 

14 
7 

17 
6 

47 

43 
8 
1 

31 
6 
3 



26 

4 
3 

15 



33,443 

5 

33,136 

73 

1 



46 



1 

17 



229 



203 
3 
9 
6 



166 

9 

2 

10 

34 

29 

II 

3 

62 

3 

2 

1 



Includes persons entering under the Amerasian. former HI registered nurse, CubanTHaitian entrant, Soviet and Indochinese parolee, and 1972 Registry provisions 
■ Represents zero. 



45 



TABLE 9. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED CLASS OF ADMISSION AND REGION 

AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF LAST PERMANENT RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1994 







Family- 


Employ- 


Immediate relatives of U.S. citizens 


Refugee 










Region and 




spon- 


ment- 










and 


Diversity 


IRCA 


Legali- 
















country of last 


Total 


sored 


based 










asylee 


transi- 


legaliza- 


zation 


Other ' 


permanent 
residence 




prefer- 
ences 


prefer- 
ences 


Total 


Spouses 


Children 


Parents 


adjust- 
ments 


tion 


tion 


depen- 
dents 




AH countries 


804,416 


211,961 


123,291 


249,764 


145047 


48,147 


56,370 


121,434 


41,056 


6,022 


34,074 


16,814 


Europe 


166,279 

992 


12,406 

292 


17,199 

4 


35,671 

345 


25,986 

224 


5,859 

100 


3,826 

21 


57,115 

295 


37,427 

55 


102 


48 


6,311 


Albania 


1 


Austria 


1,314 


46 


160 


350 


285 


22 


43 


720 


31 


1 


- 


6 


Belgium 


621 


46 


207 


302 


255 


23 


24 


13 


44 




- 


9 


Bulgaria 


874 


53 


337 


374 


200 


135 


39 


103 


5 




- 


2 


Czechoslovakia ... 


759 


65 


127 


449 


366 


53 


30 


24 


92 


1 


- 


1 


Denmark 


639 


31 


183 


389 


352 


13 


24 


2 


29 


- 


- 


5 


France 


3,592 


538 


942 


1,907 


1,661 


110 


136 


34 


141 


4 


- 


26 


Germany 


8,940 


499 


1,358 


6,228 


5,137 


710 


381 


574 


220 


3 


- 


58 


Greece 


2,539 


285 


220 


842 


603 


65 


174 


1,167 


3 


9 


4 


9 


Hungary 


809 


58 


225 


434 


313 


70 


51 


25 


63 


- 


- 


4 


Ireland 


16,525 


130 


166 


514 


431 


64 


19 


- 


15,659 


5 


- 


51 


Italy 


2,664 


289 


542 


1,436 


1,185 


86 


165 


292 


68 


3 


- 


34 


Latvia 


513 


1 


40 


107 


56 


45 


6 


332 


22 


- 


- 


11 


Lithuania 


536 


11 


24 


248 


123 


116 


9 


150 


94 


- 


- 


9 


Netherlands 


1,359 


101 


409 


756 


687 


34 


35 


34 


46 


2 


3 


8 


Norway 


515 


39 


86 


353 


325 


16 


12 


2 


28 


1 




6 


Poland 


27,597 


5,242 


1,663 


2,940 


1,654 


618 


668 


230 


17,396 


30 


22 


74 


Portugal 


2,163 


1,047 


493 


586 


441 


49 


96 


1 


- 


8 


6 


22 


Romania 


2,932 


204 


421 


1,348 


609 


393 


346 


951 


- 


- 


2 


6 


Soviet Union 


64,502 


222 


2,291 


4,916 


2,229 


2,245 


442 


51,281 


22 


- 


1 


5,769 


Spain 


1,756 


156 


360 


965 


796 


87 


82 


240 


17 


3 


4 


11 


Sweden 


1,289 


73 


420 


721 


653 


26 


42 


14 


52 


- 


- 


9 


Switzerland 


1,183 


83 


385 


588 


512 


43 


33 


55 


60 


3 


- 


9 


United Kingdom .. 


17,666 


2,160 


5,352 


6,807 


5,722 


556 


529 


19 


3,174 


25 


3 


126 




3,183 


682 


602 


1,351 


807 


143 


401 


504 


1 


4 


3 


36 


Other Europe 


817 


53 


182 


415 


360 


37 


18 


53 


105 


- 


- 


9 


Asia 


282,449 

765 


72,286 

20 


70,670 

21 


87,007 
113 


40,893 

70 


14,465 

7 


31,649 

36 


43,571 

598 


1353 


260 

1 


394 


6,908 


Afghanistan 


12 


Bangladesh 


3,330 


2,117 


301 


840 


363 


74 


403 


17 




22 


17 


16 


Burma 


661 


370 


65 


172 


92 


18 


62 


52 




2 


- 


- 


Cambodia 


1,041 


86 


10 


470 


221 


58 


191 


429 




- 


- 


46 


China, Mainland .. 


47,699 


7,308 


31,913 


7,711 


2,923 


1,132 


3,656 


705 


10 


5 


18 


29 


Cyprus 


484 


115 


78 


289 


202 


20 


67 




2 


- 


- 


- 




11,953 


6,367 


2,583 


2,392 


1,098 


180 


1,114 


398 


26 


4 


3 


180 




33,173 
1,625 
6,998 
2,158 
3,982 


15,650 

155 

1,063 

512 

396 


7,715 
175 

1,242 
118 

1,818 


9,100 
411 

3,361 
615 

1,666 


3,441 
321 

1,046 
296 

1,234 


680 
38 
73 
15 

133 


4,979 
52 

2,242 
304 
299 


234 

453 

1,117 

889 

31 


5 

411 

2 

15 


41 

37 

1 

11 


281 

2 


147 


Indonesia 


20 




174 




23 


Israel 


45 




6,974 


243 


2,411 


3.455 


3,021 


268 


166 


25 


797 


5 


_ 


38 


Jordan 


4,207 
15,417 
923 
1,450 
3,729 
1,738 


1.251 

4,640 

138 

51 

898 

204 


283 
4,241 
229 
5 
639 
504 


2,604 

6,390 

430 

369 

2,057 

552 


1,616 

2,742 
334 
186 

1,099 
459 


237 

2,174 

18 

45 

112 
31 


751 
1,474 

78 
138 
846 

62 


36 

1 

115 

1,018 

83 

458 


1 

5 

3 

2 


2 

22 

1 

3 


19 

1 


30 


Korea 


104 


Kuwait 


5 


Laos 


7 




45 


Malaysia 


18 


Pakistan 


10,051 


4,942 


876 


2,908 


1,465 


185 


1,258 


1,156 


2 


51 


9 


107 


Philippines 


52,832 


14,844 


9,171 


27,220 


12,919 


7,129 


7,172 


1,024 


7 


33 


32 


501 


Saudi Arabia 


2,543 


318 


318 


480 


367 


38 


75 


1,392 


15 


- 


- 


20 


Singapore 


758 


74 


286 


339 


277 


37 


25 


53 


2 


- 


1 


3 


Sri Lanka 


845 
2,042 


231 
557 


349 
328 


222 
1,107 


136 
606 


10 

45 


76 
456 


33 
24 


2 


1 


1 


6 


Syria 


26 


Taiwan 


11,168 


4,131 


3,780 


3,165 


1,301 


308 


1.556 


1 


5 


11 


6 


69 


Thailand 


15,131 


1,356 


367 


2,138 


945 


464 


729 


9,479 


2 


5 


2 


1,782 


Turkey 


3,880 


496 


362 


1,741 


799 


88 


854 


1,268 


- 


2 


2 


9 


- United Arab 


























Emirates 


745 


331 


183 


199 


129 


12 


58 


8 


17 


- 


- 


7 


Vietnam 


32,387 
736 


2,799 
212 


33 
17 


3,668 
498 


811 

182 


508 
291 


2,349 
25 


22,458 
8 


1 


- 


- 


3,428 


Yemen 


1 


Other Asia 


1,024 


411 


249 


325 


192 


37 


96 


8 


21 






10 



See footnotes at end of table. 



46 



TABLE 9. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED CLASS OF ADMISSION AND REGION 

AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF LAST PERMANENT RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1994— Continued 



Region and 

country of last 

permanent 

residence 



Total 



Family- 
spon- 
sored 
prefer- 
ences 



Employ- 
ment- 
based 
prefer- 
ences 



Immediate relatives of U.S. citizens 



Total 



Spouses 



Children 



Parents 



Refugee 

and 
asylee 
adjust- 
ments 



Diversity 
transi- 
tion 



IRCA 
legaliza- 
tion 



Legali- 
zation 

depen- 
dents 



Africa 

Cape Verde ... 
Cote d'lvoire 

Egypt 

Ethiopia 

Ghana 

Kenya 

Liberia 

Morocco 

Nigeria 

Sierra Leone . 

Somalia 

South Africa . 

Sudan 

Other Africa . 



Oceania 

Australia 

Fiji 

New Zealand 

Other Oceania 

North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Antigua-Barbuda 

Bahamas, The ... 

Barbados 

Cuba 

Dominica 

Dominican Rep. 

Grenada 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

St. Lucia 

St. Vincent & 
Grenadines .... 

Trinidad & 
Tobago 

Other Caribbean 
Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

Other N America 



South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Paraguay 

Peru 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Other S. America . 

Unknown or not rep. 



24,864 

802 

678 

3,263 

2,601 

1,417 

2,421 

1,182 

884 

3,854 

749 

687 

2,183 

1,512 

2.631 

5,647 

3,026 
952 
973 
696 

277,668 

22,243 

111,415 

103,750 

487 

696 

945 

14,216 
455 

51,221 
526 

13,166 

13,909 
448 

454 

6,303 

924 

40,256 

821 

1,315 

17,669 

7,447 

5,226 

5,127 

2,651 

4 

47,505 

2,474 
1,384 
4,652 
1,543 
10,653 
5,943 
7,208 

839 
9,078 

487 
3,017 

227 



3,576 

382 

31 

987 

155 

424 

210 

141 

33 

454 

133 

9 

200 

13 

404 

1,054 

205 
580 

no 

159 

106,037 

3,100 
39,119 
45,044 

222 

183 

362 

1,519 

239 

24,389 

218 

8,303 

6,816 

158 

181 

2,151 

303 

18,774 

368 

295 

10,450 

3,677 

2.166 

1,305 

513 

16,602 

346 

415 

484 

388 

3,551 

2,797 

4,849 

71 

3,003 

112 

505 

81 



3,717 

3 

40 

497 

137 

128 

121 

102 

76 

927 

88 

6 

1,105 

38 

449 

1,568 

1,093 

33 

392 

50 

22,314 

9,091 

3,258 

3,647 

24 

122 

144 

58 

35 

519 

47 

370 

911 

38 

44 

1,244 

91 

6,317 

77 

189 

3,817 

1,242 

385 

376 

231 

1 

7,823 
959 

377 

1,555 

315 

1.110 

775 

489 

126 

1.151 

136 

778 

52 



11,046 

415 
277 

1,667 

1,119 
762 
370 
478 
761 

2,369 

462 

47 

802 

155 

1,362 

2,624 

1,408 
307 
456 
453 

91,736 

8,101 

30,153 

41,679 

231 

365 

422 

784 

175 

25,953 

258 

3,641 

6,048 

249 

225 

2,857 

471 

11,802 

330 
765 
2,531 
2,160 
2,478 
1,728 
1,810 
1 

21,678 

829 

559 
2,543 

808 
5,777 
2,233 
1,837 

634 
4,608 

225 

1,537 

88 



7,490 

193 
203 

1,095 
594 
440 
282 
205 
642 

1,847 

247 

27 

494 

137 

1,084 

2,116 

1,248 
163 
404 
301 

56,060 

6,419 
19,818 
23,034 

136 

267 

287 

319 

103 

14,811 

173 

1,184 

3,328 

149 

155 

1,817 

305 

6,788 

190 

543 

1,369 

1,083 

1,440 

1,001 

1,162 

1 

12,702 

583 
298 

1,889 
510 

3,446 

1,313 
672 
103 

2,604 
173 

1,060 
51 



1,592 

144 

56 
106 
197 
234 

29 
174 

29 

226 

161 

5 

76 

2 

153 

234 

92 
20 
38 
84 

2U29 

1,057 

5,377 

11,736 

49 
64 
76 
243 
32 

7,709 

47 

891 

1,691 
68 

46 

714 

106 

3,159 

75 
170 
578 
748 
756 
398 
434 

4,668 

91 
132 
483 
180 
1,317 
422 
333 
508 
863 
8 
310 

21 



1,964 

78 
18 

466 

328 
88 
59 
99 
90 

296 
54 
15 

232 
16 

125 

274 
68 

124 
14 
68 

14347 

625 

4,958 

6,909 

46 

34 

59 

222 

40 

3,433 

38 

1,566 

1,029 

32 

24 

326 

60 

1,855 

65 
52 
584 
329 
282 
329 
214 

4308 

155 
129 
171 
118 
1,014 
498 
832 

23 
1,141 

44 
167 

16 



6,002 

325 

70 

1,160 

79 

1,702 

440 

3 

20 

45 

619 

7 

1,302 

230 

196 

158 

22 

16 

14,086 

35 

37 

12,464 



11,781 

1 

12 

664 

3 



2 
1,548 

7 

28 

270 

138 

85 

949 

71 

2 

464 

12 

11 

8 

7 

64 

24 

3 

1 

160 

3 

169 

2 



225 



55 

1 

155 

156 

148 

7 
1 

1,577 

1,511 

2 

63 

12 



12 



5 

34 

1 



318 

286 



96 

3 
6 
7 

12 
1 

11 
3 

31 
3 

3 

1 

15 

15 

1 

2 
12 

5,363 

38 

4.412 

362 

6 

6 

5 

4 
142 

2 

128 

48 

2 



14 

3 

551 

19 

11 

290 

151 

62 

14 

4 



184 

14 
7 

17 
4 

47 

43 
8 
1 

31 
7 
5 



25 

4 
3 

15 



33,442 

9 

33,128 

74 



48 



16 



231 



205 
3 
9 
6 



165 

9 

2 
10 
35 
29 
II 

3 
63 

3 



Includes persons entenng under the Amerasian, former H-1 registered nurse, Cuban/Haitian entrant, Soviet and Indochmese parolee, and 1972 Registry provisions. 
- Represents zero. 

47 



TABLE 10. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED WHO \VERE ADJUSTED TO PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUS 
BY SELECTED STATUS AT ENTRY AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 

FISCAL YEAR 1994 



Region and counin 
of birth 



Total 



\ isiiors 
for busi- 
ness 



Visitors 
for plea- 
sure 



Stu- 
dents' 



Tempo- 
rary 


Ex- 
change 


Fiances- 


Intracom- 
pany trans- 


Refugees 
and 


Entered 
without 


workers ' 


visitors ' 


(ees)- 


ferees ' 


parolees 


inspection 


30030 


7339 


7,957 


8,584 


123,839 


7,639 


5.219 


1.646 


1.755 


2.932 


58,199 


119 


3 


1 


S 


- 


703 


1 


77 


23 


7 


29 


6 


1 


99 


32 


17 


16 


128 


1 


6? 


27 


40 


26 


40 


1 


4S 


16 


11 


43 


3 


_ 


252 


62 


72 


224 


34 


4 


344 


94 


190 


247 


153 


9 


90 


21 


25 


11 


196 


1 


89 


42 


16 


14 


37 


2 


192 


83 


36 


117 


8 


. 


114 


33 


40 


78 


37 


9 


16 


12 


4 


- 


557 


- 


13 


5 


12 


- 


211 


- 


166 


33 


40 


72 


13 


3 


407 


98 


112 


22 


355 


11 


9 


14 


21 


9 


3 


3 


140 


24 


46 


16 


1.149 


4 


839 


593 


443 


111 


53,714 


18 


18 


17 


6 


2 


3.579 


1 


8 


1 


- 


- 


2,697 


- 


29 


9 


12 


1 


5,062 


- 


\ 


2 


- 


4 


2,124 


- 


557 


399 


307 


76 


10.426 


8 


126 


78 


41 


17 


19,119 


3 


10 


2 


4 


1 


3.043 


- 


38 


26 


23 


2 


1.829 


1 


52 


59 


50 


8 


5.835 


5 


89 


26 


27 


42 


24 


4 


96 


18 


32 


150 


14 


- 


76 


20 


23 


51 


10 


- 


1.682 


210 


433 


1,574 


132 


17 


189 


112 


47 


12 


451 


30 


126 


4~ 


5^ 


68 


221 


- 


19.714 


5,091 


4,012 


2091 


51.131 


425 


3 


3 


15 


5 


1.592 


26 


131 


11 


3 


-> 


12 


20 


30 


9 


12 


3 


98 


1 


- 


2 


27 


- 


652 


4 


5.535 


4057 


393 


628 


2,370 


140 


416 


22 


41 


148 


90 


2 


5.265 


325 


197 


205 


126 


76 


66 


12 


24 


29 


42 


- 


221 


13 


139 


47 


2,628 


31 


56 


7 


59 


9 


4.274 


2 


358 


83 


22 


60 


36 


2 


443 


41 


246 


251 


46 


9 


70 


6 


21 


11 


59 


1 


548 


32 


204 


205 


39 


11 


87 


1 


15 


10 


93 


- 


- 


- 


19 


- 


4,459 


2 


148 


54 


89 


29 


179 


4 


217 


•) 


23 


34 


60 


- 


308 


17 


61 


52 


163 


56 


3.991 


56 


1.877 


122 


779 


22 


65 


4 


5 


13 


75 


- 


77 


4 


17 


25 


4 


- 


141 


15 


6 


16 


23 


4 


56 


17 


41 


3 


187 


1 


1,156 


48 


31 


331 


20 


6 


59 


3 


152 


8 


3,085 


2 



.\11 countries „.. 313,987 



Europe 

Albania 

Belgium 

Bulgaria 

Czechoslovakia 

Denmark 

France 

Germany 

Greece 

Hungary 

Ireland 

Italy 

Lat\ia 

Lithuania 

Netherlands 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

So\iet Union, former 

.■\rraenia 

Azerbaijan 

Belarus 

MoldoN'a 

Russia 

Ukraine 

Uzbekistan 

Other republics 

Unknown republic 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

United Kingdom 

Yugosla\ia 

Other Europe 

Asia _ 

.Afghanistan 

Bangladesh 

Burma 

Cambodia 

China. Mainland 

Hong Kong 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Iraq 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Kuwait 

Laos 

Lebanon 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

PhiUppines 

Saudi .Arabia 

Singapore 

Sri Lanka 

Syria 

Taiwan 

Thailand 



90,644 

763 

305 

515 

478 

316 

1.576 

3,254 

754 

498 

856 

1.277 

672 

382 

716 

2,730 

406 

2,246 

59,650 

3,800 

2,814 

5.323 

2.226 

13,150 

20,427 

3,319 

2,133 

6.458 

805 

715 

490 

8,473 

1.618 

1,149 

138,744 

1.786 

487 

285 

803 

35,453 

1,913 

10,064 

509 

5,425 

4,740 

1,804 

3.350 

1.240 

5.350 

574 

4.836 

1.539 

850 

1,691 

13.288 

323 

312 

397 

855 

4,578 

3,930 



4.042 
601 



/ 
14 
51 



15 

25 



127 



13 

23 

9 

S 

10 

123 

12 

16 

1,860 

1 

10 

4 

1 

670 

44 

153 

8 

27 

8 

29 

27 

33 

159 

10 

1 

33 

13 

33 

402 

4 

3 

8 

12 

107 

27 



74.511 
11.940 

r 

64 
166 
228 

96 
429 
1.055 
263 
236 
2-0 
501 

56 
111 
179 
1.513 
294 
703 
1.922 
152 

29 

68 

29 
841 
421 

37 
104 
241 
323 
1S6 
155 
2,301 
511 
361 

24,070 

67 
166 

84 

S3 

4.277 

573 

2,422 

167 

1,668 

147 

888 

418 

679 

2,307 

156 

305 

680 

226 

579 

5.193 

74 

89 

82 

369 

1.270 

387 



29.612 
1.915 

27 
30 
36 

34 
I4-' 

113 
37 
73 
76 
3 
11 
62 
83 
29 
40 

163 
2 

3 

3 

2 

100 

30 

3 

7 

13 

104 

100 

35 

280 

110 

124 

23025 

103 

35 

8 

15.206 

496 

1.010 

130 

501 

60 

1S5 

693 

321 

1.170 

181 

8 

246 

246 

266 

255 

78 

77 

78 

137 

1.264 

154 



See footnotes at end of table. 

48 



TABLE 10. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED WHO WERE ADJUSTED TO PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUS 
BY SELECTED STATUS AT ENTRY AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 

FISCAL YEAR 1994— Continued 



Region and country 
of birth 



Total 



Visitors 
for busi- 
ness 



Visitors 
for plea- 
sure 



Stu- 
dents ' 



Tempo- 
rary 
workers ' 



Ex- 
change 



Fiances- 
(ees) ' 



Intracom- 
pany trans- 
ferees ' 



Refugees 

and 
parolees 



Entered 

without 

inspection 



Turkey 

Vietnam 

Yemen 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Cape Verde 

Egypt 

Ethiopia 

Ghana 

Kenya 

Liberia 

Morocco 

Nigeria 

Sierra Leone 

Somalia 

South Africa 

Sudan 

Other Africa 

Oceania 

Australia 

Fiji 

New Zealand 

Other Oceania 

North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Bahamas, The ... 

Barbados 

Cuba 

Dominican Rep. 

Grenada 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

St. Vincent & 
Grenadines 

Trinidad & 
Tobago 

Other Caribbean 
Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

Other N. America 

South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Paraguay 

Peru 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Other S. America 

Unknown or not rep. 



871 

30,945 

100 

446 

15,960 

211 
1.245 
3,500 

542 

504 
1,254 

660 
2,315 

302 
1,619 
1,194 

584 
2,030 

2,436 

1,359 
163 

594 
320 

53,259 

8,654 
13,440 
24,813 

346 

369 

12,223 

3,158 

194 

2.096 

3,418 

191 

2,000 

818 

6328 

184 
479 

1,041 
920 
820 

2,177 

707 

24 

12,940 

1,061 
366 

2,552 
729 

2,861 

883 

680 

97 

2,122 
208 

1,295 
86 



17 

11 

2 

3 

407 
1 

44 
11 
31 

9 

17 

15 

169 

8 

2 
16 

9 
75 

59 

34 
4 

13 
8 

777 

73 

183 

422 

6 

5 

61 

159 

7 

22 

103 



37 
20 
99 
8 
9 
13 
24 
17 
17 
11 

338 

26 
13 
63 
18 
67 
32 
16 

2 
63 

8 
30 



292 

294 

50 

78 

4,812 

194 

723 
542 
250 
102 
281 
335 
1,032 
211 

19 
348 

88 
687 

1,015 

493 
108 
188 
226 

24,577 

2,602 

6,511 

12,313 

216 

273 

3,344 

2,417 

167 

1,101 

2,407 

158 

1,620 

610 

3,147 

127 
366 
260 
479 
553 
891 
471 
4 

8,095 

468 
232 

1,414 
420 

2,059 

657 

444 

52 

1,409 

116 

776 

48 



127 
29 
25 

130 

1,757 

3 

86 

204 
92 

176 
59 

163 

370 
35 
22 
80 
67 

400 

154 

69 
17 

30 
38 

1,498 

509 
180 
595 

54 
22 

9 
70 

7 

41 

164 



155 

65 

212 

9 
27 
18 
31 
39 
18 
70 

2 

1,063 

92 
62 

219 
52 

188 
56 
36 
14 

140 
5 

189 
10 



109 

19 

6 

133 

1,431 

1 

162 
32 
45 
57 
13 
33 

387 
18 
4 

437 
24 

218 

554 

349 

2 

198 

5 

2,045 

1,024 
195 
746 

38 

38 

7 

104 

5 

12 

396 



93 

44 

78 

3 

9 

10 

14 

7 

3 

32 

2 

1,267 

252 

12 

226 

110 

161 

33 

92 

6 

168 

33 

168 

6 



31 

5 

11 

275 

33 
5 
18 
16 
10 
44 
52 
1 

35 

4 

57 

49 

37 
1 
9 

2 

161 

96 
28 
18 

3 
2 
1 
1 



2 

1 

19 



3 
3 
4 
4 

117 

22 
1 

48 
5 

12 
1 
3 
6 

II 
5 
3 



23 

238 

2 

10 

364 

9 

25 
20 
37 

6 

2 

24 

129 

11 

5 
24 

1 
71 

112 

71 
7 

29 
5 

1309 

502 

380 

274 

8 

4 

13 

93 

2 

18 

95 



25 
13 
153 
4 
19 
24 
13 
32 
12 
49 

405 

18 

4 

114 

29 
120 

15 

25 
9 

56 
4 
9 
2 



4 

9 

2 

30 

319 

40 
6 

17 
1 
4 

11 
1 

180 

59 

273 
202 

69 

2 

2,124 

1,801 

200 

81 

3 

4 

2 

17 

5 
17 



19 
13 
41 

1 
11 

10 
7 
1 

11 
1 

645 

69 

1 

325 

46 

46 

19 

9 

2 

46 

20 

60 

2 



232 

29,683 

4 

21 

5,752 

48 

2,534 

37 

93 

792 

10 

38 

5 

1,530 

10 

362 

293 

44 

16 

10 

10 

8 

8,518 

190 

180 

7,557 

4 

6,967 

34 

524 
16 

1 

4 

7 

591 

3 

4 

170 

56 

24 

312 

22 



195 

13 

7 

17 

11 

31 

3 

5 

1 

81 

1 

19 

6 



82 
9 



3 
4 

17 
1 

4 
1 
2 

14 

10 

7 
2 
1 

6,832 

42 

4,917 

443 

4 

1 

118 

141 

1 

125 

38 

1 

7 

7 

1,430 

22 

4 

470 

234 

93 

604 

3 



169 

7 

3 
11 

5 
51 
37 

8 

41 
4 
I 
1 



Includes spouses and children. " Includes children. - Represents zero. 



49 



TABLE 11. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED IN FISCAL YEAR 1994, BY CALENDAR YEAR AT ENTRY, 
TYPE OF ADMISSION, AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 



Region and country 
of birth 



Total 



New 
arrivals 
1993-94 



Adjustments 



1993-94 



1992 



1991 



1990 



1989 



1987 



1986 



1985 



1984 



Before 
1984 



All countries 



Europe 

Albania 

Belgium 

Bulgaria 

Czechoslovakia 

Denmark 

France 

Germany 

Greece 

Hungary 

Ireland 

Italy 

Latvia 

Lithuania 

Netherlands 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Soviet Union, former 

Armenia 

Azerbaijan 

Belarus 

Moldova 

Russia 

Ukraine 

Uzbekistan 

Other republics 

Unknown republic .. 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

Afghanistan 

Bangladesh 

Burma 

Cambodia 

China, Mainland 

Hong Kong 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Iraq 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Kuwait 

Laos 

Lebanon 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Saudi Arabia 

Singapore 

Sri Lanka 

Syria 

Taiwan 

Thailand 

Turkey 

Vietnam 



804,416 

160,916 

1,489 

516 

981 

874 

606 

2,715 

6,992 

1,440 

880 

17,256 

2,305 

762 

663 

1,239 

28,048 

2,169 

3,444 

63,420 

3,984 

2,844 

5,420 

2,260 

15,249 

21,010 

3,435 

2,264 

6,954 

1,418 

1,140 

877 

16,326 

3,405 

1,951 

292,589 

2,344 

3,434 

938 

1,404 

53,985 
7,731 

34,921 
1,367 

11,422 
6,025 
3,425 
6,093 
3,990 

16,011 
1,065 
5,089 
4,319 
1,480 
8,698 

53,535 

668 

542 

989 

2,426 

10,032 
5,489 
1,840 

41,345 



490,429 

70,272 

726 

211 

466 

396 

290 

1,139 

3,738 

686 

382 

16,400 

1,028 

90 

281 

523 

25,318 

1,763 

1,198 

3,770 

184 

30 

97 

34 

2,099 

583 

116 

131 

496 

613 

425 

387 

7,853 

1,787 

802 

153,845 

558 

2,947 

653 

601 

18,532 

5,818 

24,857 

858 

5,997 

1,285 

1,621 

2,743 

2,750 

10,661 

491 

253 

2,780 

630 

7,007 

40,247 

345 

230 

592 

1,571 

5,454 

1,559 

969 

10,400 



101,659 

28,262 
109 

215 

152 

242 

202 

1,059 

2,079 

298 

199 

564 

847 

158 

109 

475 

749 

169 

465 

12,166 

289 

710 

813 

488 

3,616 

3,792 

576 

461 

1,421 

542 

441 

337 

5,301 

740 

644 

44,586 

435 
155 
91 
150 

5,430 
582 

4,736 
214 

1,543 

2,072 
819 

2,105 
378 

1,992 
131 
895 
541 
282 
621 

4,410 
135 
150 
122 
262 

1,560 

917 

317 

13,354 



98,002 

44,250 

513 

44 

136 

94 

60 

239 

594 

221 

112 

127 

174 

386 

170 

107 

442 

60 

658 

37,765 

2,169 

1,773 

3,739 

1,393 

7,424 

13,753 

2,209 

1,287 

4,018 

121 

138 

80 

1,479 

245 

285 

36,453 

946 

81 

60 

207 

4,222 

317 

2,215 

84 

1,527 

2,415 

336 

657 

175 

1,181 

104 

1,803 

227 

147 

309 

2,800 

91 

50 

72 

190 

833 

1,487 

276 

13,510 



36,252 

10,915 

120 

20 

95 

52 

20 

104 

198 

95 

53 

44 

62 

83 

64 

46 

291 

30 

570 

7,897 

1,030 

290 

700 

310 

1,615 

2,366 

487 

289 

810 

46 

58 

32 

597 

240 

98 

16,108 

152 

59 

27 

53 

5,183 

225 

1,240 

48 

636 

73 

191 

233 

119 

750 

60 

858 

142 

72 

221 

1,740 

29 

21 

63 

108 

630 

670 

90 

2,338 



21,974 

2,794 
13 
10 
96 
36 
10 
49 
95 
33 
41 
28 
35 
28 
16 
24 

298 
29 

292 
1,127 

202 
25 
45 
22 

316 

295 
33 
68 

121 
28 
22 
16 

296 

119 
53 

13,040 

103 

35 

35 

54 

6,505 

206 

704 

34 

320 

63 

140 

115 

228 

449 

123 

470 

105 

86 

185 

1,076 

20 

27 

40 

53 

510 

291 

51 

967 



14,716 

1,377 

8 
16 

8 
34 
72 
25 
30 
26 
29 

7 
13 
16 
271 
46 
79 
409 
62 

3 
22 

3 

94 

145 

7 
15 
58 

6 
15 
10 
174 
69 
14 

8,950 

41 

39 

40 

97 

4,895 

163 

440 

36 

201 

22 

107 

73 

157 

251 

31 

399 

106 

64 

88 

694 

22 

18 

32 

54 

314 

209 

43 

275 



9,645 

701 

1 

3 

6 

7 

3 

18 

33 

15 

15 

22 

27 

3 

2 

12 

204 

23 

39 

84 

27 

2 

2 

2 

15 

25 

2 

9 
10 
10 

2 

104 

45 

13 

5,559 

19 
20 
11 
43 
3,021 
89 

241 
20 

139 
12 
49 
30 
60 

145 
38 

169 

128 
58 
54 

611 

6 

19 

20 

94 

189 

140 
31 
85 



6,080 

409 

1 

5 

5 

2 

16 

20 

10 

8 

12 

17 

2 

1 

6 

143 

13 

18 

16 

2 

3 

1 

2 
4 

2 
2 
7 
5 

66 

32 
4 

3,596 

6 

17 

7 

11 

1,952 

69 

124 

20 

145 

8 

36 

19 

36 

108 

20 

93 

65 

56 

39 

465 

6 

9 

14 

16 

120 

56 

16 

52 



4,665 

322 
1 
1 
2 
1 
3 
8 

19 

10 

8 

10 
17 



5 
109 
9 
29 
8 
3 
1 



1 
1 

5 
3 
1 
60 
11 
2 

2,522 

6 

14 

17 
1,263 
63 
77 
12 

200 
16 
27 
13 
25 

106 
19 
28 
40 
16 
23 

321 
2 



20 
99 
35 
9 
56 



4,146 

229 

1 
1 

3 
1 
7 

11 
7 
2 
2 

13 



1 

68 
6 
5 

11 

2 



53 
18 

5 

1,843 

13 

27 

4 

65 

620 

35 

83 

7 

176 

8 

29 

12 

12 

96 

11 

21 

43 

22 

62 

310 

5 

4 

8 

15 
66 
40 
6 
39 



2,544 
151 

1 

3 
1 
4 
11 
8 
5 
2 
3 

1 

5 

41 

3 



3 
4 

1 
26 
16 

4 

1,219 

8 

7 

1 

21 

279 

57 

36 

8 

147 

8 

10 

5 

7 

61 

5 

18 

41 

22 

21 

272 

1 

5 

6 

12 

78 

28 

5 

46 



9,082 

468 

3 

3 

3 

14 



27 
22 
16 
9 
17 

1 

9 

67 

15 

9 

60 



4 

10 

21 

2 

3 

7 

9 

7 

4 

129 

25 

11 

2,306 

19 

15 

8 

75 

478 
75 
70 
18 

324 
34 
27 
26 
17 

144 
16 
67 
42 
18 
28 

376 

3 

5 

9 

14 

159 
47 
11 

171 



See footnotes at end of table. 



50 



TABLE 11. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED IN FISCAL YEAR 1994, BY CALENDAR YEAR AT ENTRY, 
TYPE OF ADMISSION, AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH— Continued 



Region and country 
of birth 



Total 



New 
arrivals 
1993-94 



Adjustments 



1993-94 



1992 



1991 



1990 



1989 



1988 



1987 



1986 



1985 



1984 



Before 
1984 



Yemen 

Other Asia 



Africa 

Cape Verde .. 

Egypt 

Ethiopia 

Ghana 

Kenya 

Liberia 

Morocco 

Nigeria 

Sierra Leone 

Somalia 

South Africa 

Sudan 

Other Africa . 



Oceania 

Australia 

Fiji 

New Zealand ... 
Other Oceania . 



North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Bahamas, The 

Barbados 

Cuba 

Dominican Republic 

Grenada 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

St. Vincent & 
Grenadines 

Trinidad & Tobago ., 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

Other North America . 



South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Paraguay 

Peru 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Other South Amenca .. 

Unknown or not reported 



741 
1,241 

26,712 

810 
3,392 
4,355 
1,458 
1,017 
1,762 
1,074 
3,950 

698 
1,737 
2,144 

651 
3,664 

4,592 

2,049 

1,007 

918 

618 

272,226 

16,068 

111,398 

104,804 

589 
897 
14.727 
51,189 
595 
13,333 
14,349 

524 

6,292 

2,309 

39,908 

772 
1,205 
17,644 
7,389 
5,265 
5,255 
2,378 
48 

47,377 
2,318 
1,404 
4,491 
1,640 
10,847 
5,906 
7,662 

789 
9,177 

516 
2,427 

200 



641 

795 

10,752 

599 

2,147 

855 

916 

513 

508 

414 

1,635 

396 

118 

950 

67 

1,634 

2,156 

690 
844 
324 
298 

218,967 

7,414 
97,958 
79,991 

243 

528 

2,504 

48,031 

401 

11,237 

10,931 

333 

4,292 

1,491 

33,580 

588 

726 

16,603 

6,469 

4,445 

3,078 

1,671 

24 

34,437 

1,257 
1,038 
1,939 

911 
7,986 
5,023 
6.982 

692 
7,055 

308 
1,132 

114 



35 
152 

5,025 

19 

419 

970 
105 
162 
349 
161 
568 
33 
804 
612 
216 
607 

1,295 

820 

49 

351 

75 

17,702 

5,690 

4,396 

6,257 

138 

105 

2,518 

1,159 

43 

728 

902 

32 

371 

261 

1,354 

32 
193 
148 
217 
213 
306 
245 
5 

4,789 

466 
109 
1,056 
287 
973 
298 
188 

44 
680 

81 
574 

33 



23 
108 

4,311 

5 

245 

1,495 

79 
100 
465 
108 
293 

34 
705 
273 
143 
366 

481 

272 
27 

130 
52 

10,450 

1,568 
1,293 
6,946 

67 

58 

5,244 

576 

20 

246 

441 

17 

170 

107 

641 

17 

87 

88 

104 

111 

133 

101 

2 

2,055 

169 

46 
460 
113 
446 
110 

88 

11 
335 

34 
230 

13 



12 
65 

1,772 



189 

399 

119 

55 

91 

81 

312 

84 

30 

106 

60 

246 

207 

119 
14 
38 
36 

5,822 
497 
690 

4,094 

38 

42 

2,710 

406 

16 

183 

457 

31 
154 

57 
539 

13 
49 

107 
94 

114 

92 

70 

2 

1,428 

107 
21 

322 
99 

338 

86 

69 

7 

216 
17 

141 
5 



37 

1,290 

15 
116 

188 
69 
45 
85 
73 

262 
34 
23 
71 
58 

251 

122 

48 
21 
26 

27 

3,416 

201 

467 

2306 

13 

38 
777 
375 

24 
125 
524 

27 
309 

94 
441 

14 
43 
73 
66 
105 
64 
76 
1 

1312 

116 
50 

217 
68 

351 

106 
48 
10 

222 

21 

97 

6 



9 

30 

1,009 

90 
74 

123 
44 
39 
39 
89 

217 
30 
16 
21 
48 

179 

55 
21 
18 
6 
10 

2,321 

112 

371 

1,454 

18 

29 
252 
206 

30 
112 
350 

29 

362 

66 

384 

18 

20 

57 

50 

55 

118 

66 

1,004 

58 
47 

186 
55 

215 

66 

58 

6 

209 
11 
83 
10 



1 
17 

667 

42 
53 
75 
28 
36 
39 
73 
154 
25 
5 
20 
19 
98 

SO 

17 
9 
8 

16 

2,058 

53 

605 

1,030 

15 

32 

182 

110 

20 

97 

220 

21 

264 

69 

370 

14 

19 

50 

40 

23 

164 

60 

609 

30 
26 

129 
36 

133 

48 

29 

7 

115 
11 
35 
10 

1 



1 
10 

474 
21 

37 
49 
24 
21 
37 
35 
128 
13 
10 
27 
9 
63 

40 

15 

10 

3 

12 

1,189 

49 

417 

524 

10 

11 

62 

46 

15 

70 

105 

11 
145 

49 
199 

8 
6 
18 
19 
17 
108 
23 

372 
10 

9 
48 
14 
94 
26 
62 

3 
64 

6 
33 

3 



1 
6 

345 

9 
30 
57 
11 
12 
33 

9 
73 
12 

6 
26 
13 
54 

21 

8 
3 
1 
9 

1,163 

27 

424 

375 

4 

15 

37 

31 

5 

57 

119 

5 

74 

28 

336 

10 

12 
28 
35 
27 
209 
15 
1 

292 

22 
17 
27 
11 
67 
27 
39 

3 
44 

4 
29 

2 



1 

3 

241 

4 

21 

30 

19 

9 

24 

8 

46 

17 

4 

5 

5 

49 

17 

3 
2 
6 
6 

1,559 

23 

707 

422 

6 

9 

52 

85 

9 

126 

76 

5 
42 
12 
407 
11 
10 
67 
58 
28 
228 

5 

257 
13 

5 
44 

8 
58 
32 
20 

1 
54 

4 
16 

2 



1 

3 

138 

3 
7 

15 
2 
9 

20 
6 

46 
4 
4 
4 

18 

11 

1 
1 

2 
7 

822 

16 

342 

228 

1 

5 

36 
40 
4 
71 
36 

1 

19 

15 

236 

4 

1 

39 

28 

22 

138 

4 

203 

14 
5 
19 
4 
37 
18 
38 

57 
3 



1 
9 

432 

2 

26 
47 
30 
12 
41 

7 

176 

11 

3 
15 

2 
60 

78 

7 

4 

12 

55 

5374 
113 

3,410 
866 

27 

21 

284 

91 

7 

194 

114 

10 
71 
47 

984 
41 
32 

311 

181 
85 

304 

30 

1 

423 

33 
22 
18 
30 
99 
53 
30 

2 
96 
13 
25 

2 

1 



NOTE; The year of enU-y for new arrivals is the year entering as an immigrant. The year of entry for adjustments is the latest year of entry as a nonimmigrant or the 
latest year of entry in another temporary status. 

- Represents zero. 



51 



TABLE 12. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY AGE AND SEX 
FISCAL YEARS 1984-94 



Age and sex 


1984 


1985 


1986 


1987 


1988 


1989 


1990 


1991 


1992 


1993 


1994 


Total 


543,903 


570,009 


601,708 


601,516 


643,025 


1,090,9M 


1,536,483 


1,827,167 


973,977 


904,292 


804,416 


Under 5 years 


32,396 


32,867 


33,767 


32,733 


31,063 


31.577 


33,520 


36,669 


37,487 


39,111 


36,085 


5-9 years 


37,540 


37,717 


39,720 


37,501 


38,186 


46.775 


51,922 


49.609 


58,445 


62,949 


57,194 


10-14 years 


44,957 


44.890 


47,152 


43.939 


44,531 


85,332 


95,453 


66,237 


73,619 


78,157 


71,716 


15-19 years 


53,655 


53,769 


56,283 


57,439 


57,859 


98,911 


125.516 


109,261 


94,374 


95,514 


82,796 


20-24 years 


76,546 


80,677 


79,640 


77,620 


77,938 


112,002 


181.258 


354,747 


116,280 


96,237 


85,538 


25-29 years 


87,463 


94,284 


95,318 


94,481 


96,188 


167,117 


274.035 


380,682 


150,783 


122,787 


103,588 


30-34 years 


63,224 


67,177 


72,449 


72,734 


79,439 


169,195 


251,589 


276,464 


124.603 


108,815 


92,563 


35-39 years 


40,501 


43,339 


47,574 


49,541 


58,525 


122,958 


173,723 


182,200 


88.564 


78,887 


67,830 


40-44 years 


25,990 


27,397 


30,039 


33,175 


41,720 


79,955 


112.988 


120,980 


61.663 


56,100 


50.030 


45-49 years 


19,893 


20,647 


22,469 


24,383 


29,708 


51,918 


71.425 


78,393 


43,275 


41,378 


38,756 


50-54 years 


16,364 


17,116 


19,161 


20,195 


23,888 


38,937 


51,949 


57,023 


34,230 


31,484 


29,041 


55-59 years 


14,787 


15,826 


18,028 


18,515 


20,887 


30,042 


39,776 


41,330 


28,368 


28,246 


26,402 


60-64 years 


12,456 


13,801 


15,905 


15,931 


17,549 


22,700 


30,329 


30,856 


24,537 


24,758 


23,103 


65-69 years 


8,624 


9,503 


11,226 


11,348 


12,359 


16,786 


21,338 


21,616 


18.604 


19,400 


18,832 


70-74 years 


5.406 


6,069 


7,012 


6,542 


6,827 


8,824 


11,021 


11,109 


10.202 


11,131 


11,232 


75-79 years 


2,650 


3,083 


3,689 


3,363 


3,836 


4,904 


6,369 


5,938 


5.222 


5,347 


5,438 


80 years and over . 


1,451 


1,847 


2,276 


2,006 


2,497 


2,841 


4,082 


3,680 


3.586 


3,888 


4,201 


Unknown age 


- 


- 


- 


70 


25 


150 


190 


373 


135 


103 


71 


Male 


274,896 


286,141 


300,777 


300,238 


324,521 


550,176 


818,443 


1,213,767 


496,724 


424,475 


372,691 


Under 5 years 


15,752 


16,005 


16,629 


16,058 


15,334 


16,027 


17,082 


18,580 


19.020 


19,550 


17,939 


5-9 years 


19,336 


19,387 


20,460 


19,184 


19,553 


23,968 


26,651 


25,228 


29.817 


32,092 


29,136 


10-14 years 


23,423 


23,445 


24,248 


22,727 


22,993 


43,667 


48,697 


34,112 


38,195 


40,286 


36,762 


15-19 years 


27,582 


27,286 


28,782 


29,219 


29,760 


50,379 


63,426 


64,888 


48,493 


48,672 


41,942 


20-24 years 


39,018 


39,843 


38,563 


36,963 


37,514 


53,691 


95,684 


263,149 


60,715 


41,829 


37,702 


25-29 years 


46,918 


49,941 


49,998 


49,125 


49,749 


86,229 


155,719 


268.701 


79,622 


54,859 


45,425 


30-34 years 


33,600 


35,779 


38,411 


38,344 


42,000 


87,875 


139,578 


188.466 


65,641 


51,845 


42,793 


35-39 years 


20,695 


22,320 


24,810 


25,699 


31,070 


63,936 


95,153 


122.263 


46,142 


37,413 


30,898 


40-44 years 


12,920 


13,973 


15,369 


16,969 


22,049 


41,265 


61,368 


80,507 


31,392 


25,560 


22,339 


45-49 years 


9,571 


9.957 


10,851 


12,045 


15.194 


26,432 


38,598 


52,509 


21,845 


19,388 


17,695 


50-54 years 


7,181 


7,323 


8,399 


9,091 


11,310 


18,746 


26,394 


35.955 


16,121 


13,889 


12,751 


55-59 years 


5,903 


6,442 


7,329 


7,738 


9,245 


13,583 


18.904 


23.893 


12.496 


11,916 


10,999 


60-64 years 


5,257 


5,696 


6.627 


6,691 


7,482 


9,917 


13,275 


15.741 


10,767 


10,318 


9,668 


65-69 years 


3,692 


4,159 


4.800 


5,148 


5,665 


7,445 


9,180 


10.331 


8,150 


8,110 


7,983 


70-74 years 


2,316 


2,607 


3.003 


2,888 


2,956 


3,826 


4.639 


5,047 


4,559 


4,841 


4,753 


75-79 years 


1,126 


1.290 


1,549 


1,434 


1,608 


2,019 


2,518 


2,611 


2,206 


2,284 


2,202 


80 years and over . 


606 


688 


949 


873 


1,027 


1,095 


1,467 


1,507 


1,451 


1,565 


1,659 


Unknown age 


- 


- 


- 


42 


12 


76 


110 


279 


92 


58 


45 


Female 


269,007 


283,868 


300,931 


301,278 


318,504 


540,661 


717,764 


613,166 


477,062 


479,771 


431,684 


Under 5 years 


16,644 


16,862 


17,138 


16,675 


15,729 


15,542 


16,423 


18,086 


18.460 


19,561 


18,142 


5-9 years 


18,204 


18,330 


19,260 


18,317 


18,633 


22,803 


25,260 


24.370 


28.614 


30,855 


28,054 


10-14 years 


21,534 


21,445 


22,904 


21,212 


21,538 


41,657 


46,736 


32,112 


35,416 


37,866 


34,951 


15-19 years 


26,073 


26,483 


27,501 


28,220 


28,099 


48,523 


62,077 


44,357 


45,868 


46,838 


40,852 


20-24 years 


37,528 


40,834 


41,077 


40,657 


40,424 


58,307 


85,552 


91,576 


55,548 


54,403 


47,835 


25-29 years 


40,545 


44,343 


45,320 


45,356 


46,439 


80,880 


118,271 


111,944 


71,129 


67,922 


58,158 


30-34 years 


29,624 


31,398 


34,038 


34.390 


37,439 


81,305 


111,959 


87,968 


58,925 


56,962 


49.760 


35-39 years 


19,806 


21.019 


22,764 


23,842 


27,455 


59,012 


78,546 


59,910 


42,406 


41,472 


36,927 


40-44 years 


13,070 


13,424 


14,670 


16.206 


19,671 


38,684 


51,606 


40,452 


30,258 


30,534 


27,689 




10,322 


10,690 


11,618 


12,338 


14,514 


25.481 


32,816 


25,870 


21,423 


21,986 


21,061 


50-54 years 


9,183 


9,793 


10,762 


11,104 


12,578 


20.189 


25.545 


21,058 


18,105 


17.594 


16,289 


55-59 years 


8,884 


9,384 


10,699 


10,777 


11,642 


16.455 


20,867 


17,432 


15,867 


16.330 


15,400 


60-64 years 


7,199 


8,105 


9,278 


9,240 


10,067 


12,783 


17,042 


15,109 


13,764 


14,438 


13,434 


65-69 years 


4,932 


5,344 


6,426 


6,200 


6,694 


9,340 


12,149 


11,278 


10,449 


11,290 


10,849 


70-74 years 


3,090 


3,462 


4,009 


3,654 


3,871 


4,997 


6,375 


6,053 


5,639 


6,289 


6.479 


75-79 years 


1,524 


1,793 


2.140 


1,929 


2,228 


2,883 


3,846 


3,325 


3,016 


3,063 


3,236 


80 years and over . 


845 


1,159 


1.327 


1,133 


1,470 


1,746 


2,614 


2,172 


2,132 


2,323 


2.542 


Unknown age 


- 


- 


- 


28 


13 


74 


80 


94 


43 


45 


26 


Unknown sex 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


87 


276 


234 


191 


46 


41 


Percent distribution 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


Male 


50.5 


50.2 


50.0 


49.9 


50.5 


50.4 


53.3 


66.4 


51.0 


46.9 


46.3 


Female 


49.5 


49.8 


50.0 


50.1 


49.5 


49.6 


46.7 


33.6 


49.0 


53.1 


53.7 


Median age 


26.5 


26.8 


27.3 


27.7 


28.7 


30.1 


30.1 


28.8 


28.5 


28.3 


28.3 


Male 


26.3 


26.7 


27.2 


27.6 


28.7 


30.1 


30.1 


28.6 


28.3 


27.8 


27.6 


Female 


26.7 


26.9 


27.4 


27.7 


28.7 


30.2 


30.2 


29.3 


28.8 


28.7 


28.9 



- Represents zero. 



52 



TABLE 13. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH, AGE, AND SEX 

FISCAL YEAR 1994 



Age and sex 



Total 

Under 5 years 

5-9 years 

10-14 years 

15-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over . 
Unknown age 



Male 

Under 5 years 

5-9 years 

10-14 years 

15-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over . 
Unknown age 

Female 

Under 5 years 

5-9 years 

10-14 years 

15-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over . 
Unknown age 



Unknown sex 

Percent distribution . 

Male 

Female 

Median age 

Male 

Female 



All 
countries 



804,416 

36,085 

57,194 

71,716 

82,796 

85,538 

103,588 

92,563 

67,830 

50,030 

38,756 

29,041 

26,402 

23,103 

18,832 

11,232 

5,438 

4,201 

71 

372,691 

17,939 

29,136 

36,762 

41,942 

37,702 

45,425 

42,793 

30,898 

22,339 

17,695 

12,751 

10,999 

9,668 

7,983 

4,753 

2,202 

1,659 

45 

431,684 

18,142 

28,054 

34,951 

40,852 

47,835 

58,158 

49,760 

36,927 

27,689 

21,061 

16,289 

15,400 

13,434 

10,849 

6,479 

3,236 

2,542 

26 

41 

100.0 

46.3 
53.7 

28.3 

27.6 
28.9 



Canada 



16,068 

1,134 

1,383 

1.316 

1,210 

1,456 

2,256 

2,270 

1,732 

1,303 

916 

519 

235 

154 

74 

48 

37 

23 

2 

7,809 

603 

689 

657 

589 

605 

990 

1,118 

850 

663 

472 

279 

129 

81 

32 

26 

19 

5 

2 

8,258 

531 

694 

659 

621 

851 

1,266 

1,151 

882 

640 

444 

240 

106 

73 

42 

22 

18 

18 

1 

100.0 

48.6 
51.4 

28.4 

28.9 
28.0 



China, 
Mainland 



53,985 

1,296 

2,644 

2,130 

2,197 

2,627 

6,251 

10,111 

7,728 

4,956 

3,664 

2,228 

2,239 

2,190 

1,822 

1,137 

504 

254 

7 

26,188 

330 

1,319 

1,118 

1,143 

956 

2,537 

5,123 

4,128 

2,668 

1,939 

1,112 

1,018 

983 

873 

579 

238 

118 

6 

27,792 

966 

1,325 

1,011 

1,054 

1,671 

3,714 

4,987 

3,598 

2,288 

1,725 

1,116 

1,220 

1,207 

949 

558 

266 

136 

1 



100.0 

48.5 
51.5 

34.9 

35.8 
34.0 



Colombia 



10,847 

595 

642 

965 

1,040 

794 

1,510 

1,575 

1,118 

681 

493 

364 

334 

263 

216 

133 

83 

41 

4,425 

307 

332 

487 

520 

307 

591 

602 

389 

215 

203 

117 

112 

72 

67 

49 

31 

24 

6,422 

288 
310 
478 
520 
487 
919 
973 
729 
466 
290 
247 
222 
191 
149 
84 
52 
17 



100.0 

40.8 
59.2 

29.6 

27.4 
31.0 



Cuba 



14,727 

233 

570 

589 

836 

1,110 

1,333 

1,522 

1,109 

1,188 

1,304 

1,186 

1,006 

817 

749 

506 

353 

312 

4 

7,750 
131 
294 
329 
416 
603 
815 
921 
642 
644 
703 
606 
468 
384 
335 
206 
133 
117 
3 

6,977 

102 
276 
260 
420 
507 
518 
601 
467 
544 
601 
580 
538 
433 
414 
300 
220 
195 
1 



100.0 

52.6 
47.4 

40.3 

37.8 
43.1 



Domi- 
nican 
Republic 



51,189 

3,040 

4,714 

5,532 

5,921 

4,812 

7,381 

6,066 

4,118 

2,818 

1,847 

1,354 

1,160 

953 

736 

400 

205 

132 

24,868 

1,543 

2,352 

2,653 

2.855 

2.304 

3.855 

3,043 

2,063 

1,289 

860 

547 

451 

400 

318 

175 

83 

77 

26,321 

1,497 

2,362 

2,879 

3,066 

2,508 

3,526 

3,023 

2,055 

1,529 

987 

807 

709 

553 

418 

225 

122 

55 



100.0 

48.6 
51.4 

26.1 

26.0 
26.3 



El 
Salvador 



17,644 

286 

835 

3,012 

4,001 

1,930 

2,350 

1,921 

1,169 

740 

407 

284 

222 

201 

140 

82 

43 

21 

8,057 

149 

436 

1,549 

2,017 

935 

1,033 

737 

413 

272 

154 

104 

87 

68 

51 

24 

20 



9,586 

137 

399 

1,463 

1,984 

995 

1,317 

1,183 

756 

468 

253 

180 

135 

133 

89 

58 

23 

13 

1 

100.0 

45.7 
54.3 

21.5 

19.7 
24.1 



Germany 



6,992 

306 
361 

271 

322 

1,250 

1,663 

1,111 

561 

338 

285 

213 

110 

48 

44 

37 

18 

54 

2,180 

156 

169 

158 

92 

132 

361 

388 

228 

155 

130 

95 

54 

19 

18 

13 

4 



4,812 

150 

192 

113 

230 

1,118 

1,302 

723 

333 

183 

155 

118 

56 

29 

26 

24 

14 

46 



100.0 

31.2 
68.8 

27.8 

30.3 
27.1 



Guatemala 



7389 

539 

404 

1,007 

1,277 

769 

953 

839 

508 

357 

232 

143 

128 

96 

67 

37 

21 

12 

3371 

267 

204 

506 

660 

375 

454 

333 

183 

120 

94 

47 

48 

37 

20 

12 



4,018 

272 

200 

501 

617 

394 

499 

506 

325 

237 

138 

96 

80 

59 

47 

25 

13 

9 



100.0 

45.6 
54.4 

22.9 

20.5 
25.3 



See footnotes at end of table. 



53 



TABLE 13. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH, AGE, AND SEX 

FISCAL YEAR 1994— Continued 



Age and sex 



Haiti 



Hong 
Kong 



India 



Iran 



Ireland 



Jamaica 



Japan 



Korea 



Mexico 



Total 

Under 5 years 

5-9 years 

10-14 years 

15-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over . 
Unknown age 



Male 

Under 5 years 

5-9 years 

10-14 years 

15-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over . 
Unknown age 

Female 

Under 5 years 

5-9 years 

10-14 years 

15-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over . 
Unknown age 



Unknown sex 

Percent distribution , 

Male 

Female 

Median age 

Male 

Female 



13333 

674 

686 

1,590 

2,617 

1,461 

1,131 

1,181 

854 

607 

408 

370 

378 

451 

417 

283 

153 

71 

I 

5,826 

351 

329 

816 

1,270 

642 

517 

518 

351 

239 

145 

113 

105 

III 

137 

95 

60 

26 

I 

7,506 

323 
356 
774 
1,347 
819 
614 
663 
503 
368 
263 
257 
273 
340 
280 
188 
93 
45 

1 

100.0 

43.7 
56.3 

23.3 

20.8 
26.2 



7,731 

383 

586 

993 

1,099 

435 

749 

925 

868 

791 

411 

151 

151 

83 

48 

21 

13 

7 

17 

3,713 
196 

314 

536 

576 

193 

307 

417 

391 

344 

185 

81 

87 

40 

21 

7 

5 

4 

9 

4,017 

186 

272 

457 

523 

242 

442 

508 

477 

447 

226 

70 

64 

43 

27 

14 

8 

3 

8 

1 

100.0 

48.0 
52.0 

27.7 
26.0 
28.8 



34,921 

1,893 
1,885 
2,471 
2,704 
3,094 
5,339 
3,843 
2,628 
2,264 
1,821 
1,689 
1,718 
1,454 
1,092 
578 
309 
139 

16,073 

929 

979 

1,298 

1,321 

788 

2,362 

2,067 

1,161 

1,021 

822 

745 

787 

715 

535 

305 

157 

81 

18,846 

964 

906 

1,173 

1,383 

2,306 

2,976 

1,776 

1,466 

1,243 

999 

944 

931 

739 

557 

273 

152 

58 



100.0 

46.0 
54.0 

30.1 

30.7 
29.4 



11,422 

187 

362 

653 

485 

631 

1,082 

1,268 

973 

733 

676 

694 

763 

1,008 

965 

596 

199 

146 

1 

5,150 

109 
206 
340 
228 
236 
401 
568 
458 
349 
304 
250 
279 
448 
483 
318 
100 
73 

6,272 

78 

156 

313 

257 

395 

681 

700 

515 

384 

372 

444 

484 

560 

482 

278 

99 

73 

1 



100.0 

45.1 
54.9 

40.5 

40.4 
40.5 



17,256 

299 

227 

234 

1,000 

7,287 

4,341 

1,792 

777 

479 

360 

238 

128 

53 

15 

14 

3 

7 

2 

9,617 

155 

126 

111 

553 

3.935 

2,497 

1,051 

475 

276 

199 

128 

70 

26 

6 

5 

1 

1 

2 

7,639 

144 

101 

123 

447 

3,352 

1,844 

741 

302 

203 

161 

110 

58 

27 

9 

9 

2 

6 



100.0 

55.7 
44.3 

24.8 

25.0 
24.5 



14349 

501 

1,104 

1,679 

1,991 

1,124 

1,401 

1,567 

1,297 

1,013 

810 

550 

451 

350 

230 

139 

85 

57 

6,684 

246 

558 

836 

922 

500 

687 

799 

621 

498 

349 

214 

153 

126 

82 

48 

25 

20 

7,665 

255 

546 

843 

1,069 

624 

714 

768 

676 

515 

461 

336 

298 

224 

148 

91 

60 

37 



100.0 

46.6 
53.4 

28.0 

27.3 
28.6 



6,093 

216 

207 

213 

236 

675 

1,426 

1,217 

632 

474 

340 

203 

95 

62 

40 

19 

17 

21 

1,894 

107 

110 

105 

103 

102 

246 

297 

217 

210 

151 

129 

54 

34 

16 

5 

6 

2 

4,197 

109 

97 

108 

133 

573 

1,180 

919 

415 

264 

189 

73 

41 

28 

24 

14 

11 

19 



100.0 

31.1 
68.9 

30.2 

32.6 
29.6 



16,011 

2,119 

549 

1,404 

1,567 

973 

1,545 

1,564 

1,583 

1,287 

1,057 

654 

515 

438 

328 

238 

119 

71 

6,765 

1,052 
294 
756 
841 
287 
364 
573 
625 
541 
493 
302 
187 
174 
122 
96 
34 
24 

9,244 

1,066 
255 
648 
726 
686 

1,181 
990 
958 
746 
564 
352 
328 
264 
206 
142 
85 
47 



100.0 

42.3 
57.7 

29.5 

27.5 
30.3 



111398 

4,007 

12,6.35 

15,947 

18,629 

15,203 

13,852 

9,252 

5,972 

4,131 

3,308 

2,740 

2,066 

1,481 

969 

632 

317 

252 

5 

49,199 

1,986 

6,597 

8,294 

9,868 

7,566 

5,150 

3,014 

1,778 

1,150 

890 

809 

661 

504 

395 

284 

148 

102 

3 

62,198 

2,021 

6,038 

7,653 

8,761 

7.636 

8,702 

6,238 

4,194 

2,981 

2,418 

1,931 

1,405 

977 

574 

348 

169 

150 

2 

1 

100.0 

44.2 
55.8 

21.3 

19.0 

24.4 



See footnotes at end of table. 

54 



TABLE 13. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH, AGE, AND SEX 

FISCAL YEAR 1994— Continued 



Age and sex 



Peru 



Philippines 



Poland 



Soviet 
Union 



Taiwan 



Trinidad 



United 
Kingdom 



Vietnam 



Other 



Total 

Under 5 years 

5-9 years 

10-14 years 

15-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over .. 
Unknown age 

Male 

Under 5 years 

5-9 years 

10-14 years 

15-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over .. 
Unknown age 

Female 

Under 5 years 

5-9 years 

10-14 years 

15-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over .. 
Unknown age 

Unknown sex 

Percent distribution 

Male 

Female 

Median age 

Male 

Female 

- Represents zero. 



9,177 

218 

519 

861 

1,094 

758 

1 ,093 

1,160 

871 

629 

428 

321 

283 

355 

264 

174 

96 

53 

4,016 

117 

278 

407 

537 

321 

464 

503 

342 

270 

183 

124 

91 

126 

113 

73 

40 

27 

5,161 

101 
241 
454 
557 
437 
629 
657 
529 
359 
245 
197 
192 
229 
151 
101 
56 
26 



100.0 

43.8 
56.2 

30.2 

28.8 
31.2 



53,535 
2,104 
3,224 
4,335 
5,424 
3,915 
6,302 
6,187 
4,800 
3,063 
2,448 
2,302 
2,530 
2,750 
2,258 
1,182 
458 
253 

21,155 

1,080 

1,606 

2,198 

2,708 

1,256 

1,934 

2,443 

1,843 

1,206 

955 

879 

934 

900 

647 

328 

149 

89 

32377 
1,024 
1,618 
2,137 
2,716 
2,659 
4,367 
3,744 
2,956 
1,857 
1,493 
1,423 
1,596 
1,849 
1,611 
854 
309 
164 



100.0 

39.5 
60.5 

31.1 

29.6 
32.1 



28,048 

1,564 

1,988 

2,449 

3,108 

2,812 

3,106 

2,943 

2,942 

2,591 

1,824 

1,030 

809 

455 

224 

109 

39 

54 

1 

13,481 

786 

995 

1,223 

1,591 

1,289 

1,445 

1,417 

1,418 

1,215 

916 

466 

351 

207 

79 

45 

17 

21 

14,567 

778 

993 

1,226 

1,517 

1,523 

1,661 

1,526 

1,524 

1,376 

908 

564 

458 

248 

145 

64 

22 

33 

1 



100.0 

48.1 
51.9 

28.4 

28.0 
28.7 



63,420 

3,835 
5,523 
4,800 
4,137 
4,185 
4,338 
5,263 
5,105 
4,234 
3,699 
2,375 
3.806 
3,323 
3,733 
2,473 
1.270 
1,309 
12 

29,320 

1,968 

2,746 

2,411 

2,070 

1,825 

1,997 

2,430 

2,361 

1,970 

1,774 

1,039 

1,638 

1,495 

1,634 

989 

496 

470 

7 

34,093 

1,866 
2,775 
2,389 
2,066 
2,360 
2,341 
2,833 
2,743 
2,262 
1,925 
1,336 
2,168 
1,828 
2,099 
1,484 
774 
839 
5 



100.0 

46.2 
53.8 

34.7 

33.4 
35.7 



10,032 

240 

469 

1,004 

1,027 

434 

1,096 

1,766 

1,251 

1,071 

480 

307 

275 

237 

228 

95 

35 

15 

2 

4,418 

118 

243 

569 

533 

195 

305 

724 

557 

453 

220 

148 

102 

83 

104 

43 

15 

6 

5,613 

122 

226 

435 

494 

239 

791 

1,041 

694 

618 

260 

159 

173 

154 

124 

52 

20 

9 

2 

1 

100.0 

44.0 
56.0 

31.9 

31.8 
32.0 



6,292 

111 

549 

779 

749 

516 

688 

819 

663 

434 

377 

235 

153 

103 

58 

37 

12 

9 

2,834 

53 

274 

393 

405 

227 

265 

354 

278 

159 

162 

103 

66 

50 

25 

13 

3 

4 

3,458 

58 

275 

386 

344 

289 

423 

465 

385 

275 

215 

132 

87 

53 

33 

24 

9 

5 



100.0 

45.0 
55.0 

28.3 

26.1 
29.5 



16326 

715 

925 

890 

822 

1,843 

3,226 

2,781 

1,719 

1,143 

945 

577 

305 

174 

108 

64 

36 

53 

8,584 

376 

451 

454 

436 

780 

1,626 

1,516 

963 

680 

576 

326 

176 

99 

61 

36 

15 

13 

7,742 

339 

474 

436 

386 

1,063 

1,600 

1,265 

756 

463 

369 

251 

129 

75 

47 

28 

21 

40 



100.0 

52.6 
47.4 

29.6 

30.5 
28.6 



41,345 

1,178 

2,532 

2,977 

4.122 

7,551 

4,415 

2,453 

2,263 

2,937 

3,115 

2,834 

1,869 

1,508 

880 

404 

192 

112 

3 

20,078 

604 

1,352 

1,506 

2,153 

3,795 

2,176 

1,058 

809 

1,057 

1,507 

1,569 

968 

759 

458 

197 

69 

39 

2 

21,264 

574 

1,180 

1,471 

1,968 

3.756 

2,238 

1,395 

1,454 

1,880 

1,608 

1,265 

900 

749 

422 

207 

123 

73 

1 



100.0 

48.6 
51.4 

27.3 
26.1 
28.5 



148,526 

7.271 

10,394 

12,057 

13,267 

16,613 

23,244 

19,642 

13,219 

8,568 

6,217 

4.699 

4,000 

3,525 

2,748 

1,618 

754 

677 

13 

71,366 

3,619 

5,231 

6,252 

6,560 

7,067 

11,354 

10,022 

6,698 

4,075 

2,898 

2,049 

1,626 

1,472 

1,168 

696 

292 

278 

9 

77,149 

3,651 

5,162 

5,803 

6,707 

9,546 

11,888 

9,616 

6,521 

4,493 

3,319 

2,650 

2,373 

2,053 

1,580 

922 

462 

399 

4 

II 

100.0 

48.0 
51.9 

28.2 

28.1 
28.2 



55 



TABLE 14, IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY MARITAL STATUS, AGE, AND SEX 

FISCAL YEAR 1994 



Age and sex 



Total 



Single 



Married 



Widowed 



Divorced 



Separated 



Unknown 



Total 

Under 5 years 

5-9 years 

10-14 years 

15-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over , 
Unknown age 

Male 

Under 5 years 

5-9 years 

10-14 years 

15-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over 
Unknown age 



Female 

Under 5 years 

5-9 years 

10-14 years 

15-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over ... 
Unknown age 

Unknown sex 

Percent distribution . 

Male 

Female 

Unknown 

Median age 

Male 

Female 



804,416 

36,085 

57,194 

71,716 

82,796 

85,538 

103,588 

92,563 

67,830 

50,030 

38,756 

29,041 

26,402 

23,103 

18,832 

11,232 

5,438 

4,201 

71 

372,691 

17,939 

29.136 

36,762 

41,942 

37,702 

45,425 

42,793 

30,898 

22,339 

17,695 

12,751 

10,999 

9,668 

7,983 

4,753 

2,202 

1,659 

45 

431,684 

18,142 

28,054 

34,951 

40,852 

47,835 

58,158 

49,760 

36,927 

27,689 

21,061 

16,289 

15,400 

13,434 

10,849 

6,479 

3,236 

2,542 

26 

41 

100.0 

46.3 

53.7 

Z 

28.3 

27.6 
28.9 



353,642 

36,085 

.57,194 

71,642 

78,354 

42,873 

26,800 

17,148 

8,578 

4,430 

2,785 

1,942 

1,657 

1,433 

1,150 

781 

405 

332 

53 

185,029 

17,939 

29,136 

36,723 

41,013 

23,992 

16,003 

10,345 

4,677 

2,046 

1,155 

633 

426 

340 

246 

167 

81 

74 

33 

168,597 

18,142 

28.054 

34,916 

37,339 

18,881 

10,797 

6,802 

3,900 

2,384 

1,630 

1,309 

1,230 

1,093 

904 

614 

324 

258 

20 

16 

100.0 

52.3 

47.7 

Z 

15.8 

16.1 

15.4 



417,156 



18 

4,027 

42,065 

75,593 

73.421 

56,926 

43,256 

33.523 

24,477 

21,402 

17,697 

13.393 

7,004 

2,737 

1,602 

15 

179,362 



7 

741 

13,443 

28,930 

31,633 

25,334 

19,502 

15,783 

11,503 

9,963 

8,672 

7,025 

3,993 

1,703 

1,119 

II 

237,773 



11 

3,286 

28,621 

46,660 

41,780 

31,588 

23,753 

17,740 

12,973 

11,437 

9,024 

6,368 

3,011 

1,034 

483 

4 

21 

100.0 

43.0 

57.0 

Z 

36.1 

37.9 
34.9 



18,161 



59 

115 

160 

280 

370 

595 

1,086 

1,918 

2,880 

3,486 

3,009 

2,089 

2,114 

2,583 



34 

32 

44 

45 

39 

81 

119 

183 

305 

466 

463 

357 

415 

15,578 



25 

83 

116 

235 

331 

514 

967 

1,735 

2,575 

3,020 

2.546 

1,732 

1,699 



100.0 

14.2 

85.8 

Z 

67.4 

69.3 
67.1 



11,006 



3 
31 

155 

615 

1,296 

1,.563 

1,560 

1,480 

1,236 

1,107 

852 

598 

306 

122 

82 

3,820 



2 

11 

52 

230 

510 

619 

,572 

512 

380 

321 

267 

183 

96 

40 

25 

7,185 



1 

20 

103 

385 

786 

944 

987 

968 

856 

786 

585 

415 

210 

82 

57 

1 

100.0 

34.7 

65.3 

Z 

45.9 

44.1 
46.8 



1,721 



3 

79 

143 

254 

237 

230 

209 

168 

161 

114 

71 

30 

14 



707 



17 

64 

120 

108 

99 

85 

62 

56 

51 

26 

13 

2 

4 

1,014 



3 

62 

79 

1.34 

129 

131 

124 

106 

105 

63 

45 

17 

12 

4 



100.0 

41.1 

58.9 

Z 

43.1 

42.2 
43.9 



2,730 



53 
381 
307 
322 
284 
246 
184 
164 
132 
157 
127 
134 
102 
71 
63 
3 

1,190 



30 

177 

164 

166 

141 

115 

81 

79 

54 

50 

33 

37 

21 

19 

22 

I 

1,537 



23 

204 

143 

154 

142 

131 

103 

85 

78 

107 

94 

97 

81 

52 

41 

2 



100.0 

43.6 

56.3 

.1 

35.5 
31.6 
39.0 



Represents zero. Z Rounds to less than 0.05 percent. 



56 



TABLE 15. IMMIGRANT-ORPHANS ADOPTED BY U.S. CITIZENS BY SEX, 

AGE, AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 

FISCAL YEAR 1994 



Region and country 
of birth 



Total 



Sex 



Male 



Female 



Unknown 



Age 



Under 1 
year 



1 -4 years 



5-9 years 



Over 9 

years 



Unknown 



All countries 

Europe 

Bulgaria 

Greece 

Hungary 

Latvia 

Lithuania 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Soviet Union 

Russia 

Ukraine 

Other republics 

Unknown republic 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

China, Mainland 

Hong Kong 

India 

Indonesia 

Japan 

Korea 

Lebanon 

Nepal 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Taiwan 

Thailand 

Vietnam 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Ethiopia 

Ghana 

Other Africa 

Oceania , 

North America 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Dominican Republic .. 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

Trinidad 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

Other Central America 
Other North America ... 

South America 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Paraguay 

Peru 

Venezuela 

Other South America .... 



8,200 

2,370 

101 
7 

36 

35 

93 

100 

8 

197 

1,763 

1,324 

163 

102 

174 

18 

12 

3,687 

748 
27 

390 
6 
51 
1,757 
17 
23 
14 

320 
34 
45 

228 
27 

83 

48 

8 

27 

8 

847 

95 

130 

17 

62 

34 

9 

8 

621 

28 

39 

431 

76 

18 

27 

2 

1 

1,205 

42 

150 

77 

342 

42 

7 

497 

37 

9 

-) 



3,540 

1,108 

44 

4 

18 

15 

42 

48 

4 

77 

841 

641 

83 

44 

73 



1,402 

36 

15 

118 

1 

22 

861 

8 

6 

9 

167 

13 

27 

106 

13 

40 

23 

3 

14 



414 

48 

55 

9 

30 

12 

3 

1 

310 

11 

16 

215 

41 

11 

15 

1 

1 

574 

18 

76 

34 

168 

23 

4 

225 

23 

2 

1 



4,660 

1,262 

57 

3 

18 

20 

51 

52 

4 

120 

922 

683 

80 

58 

101 

10 

5 

2,285 

712 

12 

272 

5 

29 

896 

9 

17 

5 

153 

21 

18 

122 

14 

43 

25 

5 

13 



433 

47 

75 

8 

32 

22 

6 

7 

311 

17 

23 

216 

35 

7 

12 

1 

631 

24 

74 

43 

174 

19 

3 

272 

14 

7 

I 



4,361 
494 



39 
11 

25 

391 

291 

57 

19 

24 

6 

3 

2,608 

506 

17 

157 

1 

35 

1,663 

17 

9 

3 

57 

22 

110 
11 

15 

10 



448 

34 
36 

13 

17 

3 

2 

1 

377 

10 

9 

335 

12 
6 
4 
1 
1 

793 

30 
56 
15 

248 



417 

15 

2 

2 



2,546 

1,268 

48 

2 

19 

15 

39 

48 

1 

112 

971 

741 

73 

55 

102 

7 

6 

736 

217 

10 

164 

5 

14 
82 

13 

4 

130 

7 

29 

53 

8 

26 

15 

4 
7 

1 

242 

25 

38 

1 

25 
10 

2 
179 

7 
21 
68 
57 

7 
18 

1 



273 
11 
39 

58 
52 
24 
1 
72 
14 

•7 



886 

522 

46 

2 

9 

12 

12 

25 

6 

42 

360 

264 

28 

27 

41 

5 

3 

184 

20 

43 

2 
10 

1 
I 

44 

2 

12 

47 

2 

16 

12 

2 

9 



81 

20 
15 

7 
4 
2 
2 

46 
5 
5 

23 
4 
4 
5 



82 
1 

28 
1 

32 
7 
1 
8 
1 
3 



407 

86 

7 



3 

16 

1 

18 

41 

28 

5 

1 

7 



159 

5 

26 



26 

11 

2 
13 



76 

16 
41 

3 

13 

17 

5 

3 

19 

6 

4 

5 

3 

1 



57 

27 
3 

10 
3 
5 

7 



Represents zero. 



57 



TABLE 16. IMMIGRANT NEW ARRIVALS ADMITTED BY SELECTED PORT OF ENTRY 

AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 

FISCAL YEAR 1994 



Region and country 
of birth 



All 
ports 



Chicago 



El Paso 



Los 
Angeles 



Miami 



Newark 



New 
York 



San 

Francisco 



San 
Juan 



All countries 



Europe 

Albania 

Austria 

Belgium 

Bulgaria 

Czechoslovakia 

Denmark 

Finland 

France 

GemKiny 

Greece 

Hungary 

Ireland 

Italy 

Latvia 

Lithuania 

Netherlands 

Norway , 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Soviet Union, former 

Armenia 

Azerbaijan 

Belarus 

Moldova 

Russia 

Ukraine 

Uzbekistan 

Other republics 

Unknown republic .. 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

Afghanistan 

Bangladesh 

Burma 

Cambodia 

China, Mainland 

Hong Kong 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Iraq 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Kuwait 

Laos 

Lebanon 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Saudi Arabia 

Singapore 

Sri Lanka 

Syria 

Taiwan 

Thailand 

Turkey 



490,429 

70,272 

726 

225 

211 

466 

396 

290 

216 

1,139 

3,738 

686 

382 

16,400 

1,028 

90 

281 

523 

182 

25,318 

1,763 

1,198 

3,770 

184 

30 

97 

34 

2,099 

583 

116 

131 

496 

613 

425 

387 

7,853 

1,787 

179 

153,845 

558 

2,947 

653 

601 

18,532 

5,818 

24,857 

858 

5,997 

1,285 

1,621 

2,743 

2,750 

10,661 

491 

253 

2,780 

630 

7,007 

40,247 

345 

230 

592 

1,571 

5,454 

1,559 

969 



25,434 

13,995 

55 

24 

25 

35 

47 

12 

21 

87 

288 

56 

18 

633 

51 

7 

92 

17 

3 

11,073 

4 

239 

291 

2 

1 

14 

143 

50 

11 

15 

55 

11 

82 

41 

366 

411 

6 

9,820 

4 

54 

19 

7 

757 

187 

2,953 

11 
297 
239 

69 
115 
687 
935 
101 

17 
243 

14 

540 

1,929 

47 
8 

15 
191 
117 

81 

44 



95,292 

288 
1 



13 

7 



10 

26 

1 

1 

4 



1 

10 

14 
95 
21 

1 
12 

2 
37 
16 

2 
4 
5 
3 
2 
31 
63 
1 

2,127 
36 

2 
11 

4 
67 

2 
27 

3 

1,198 

57 

46 

2 

5 
23 
41 

7 
454 

1 
14 
19 

6 

1 

2 
27 
40 

2 
15 



58,628 

3,188 
1 

42 

14 

39 

31 

56 

20 

200 

264 

40 

53 

532 

101 

2 

14 

52 

17 

157 

5 

137 

387 

117 

6 

6 

3 

135 

32 

24 

19 

45 

18 

53 

43 

802 

98 

10 

39,506 

75 

363 

197 

282 

4,068 

1,505 

2,723 

510 

1,624 

146 

212 

903 

270 

3,368 

63 

133 

416 

275 

521 

13,943 

51 

89 

222 

402 

2,377 

669 

105 



42,642 

1,321 

3 
5 
8 
7 
5 
7 

32 

56 

58 

11 

14 

327 

47 

3 

4 

29 

4 

121 

18 

16 

64 

1 

10 

2 

30 

9 

1 

1 

10 

93 

19 

9 

337 

18 

6 

1,014 

43 
2 

94 

17 

229 

4 

125 

9 

72 

8 

56 

54 

1 

8 

80 

5 

80 

16 

1 

1 

2 
26 
38 



11,871 

5,185 

12 

20 

3 

11 

10 

43 

10 

125 

197 

43 

257 

31 

5 

28 

12 

64 

2,954 

562 

17 

100 

3 
1 

53 
18 

4 

3 
18 
55 
61 

6 

459 

95 

5 

2,531 

6 

65 

6 

2 

137 

63 

528 

8 

318 

16 

24 

53 

78 

10 

12 

5 

78 

14 

122 

146 

4 

3 

57 

14 

361 

9 

350 



132,324 

28,346 

558 

51 

46 

283 

159 

78 

79 

203 

513 

369 

148 

8,913 

501 

43 

108 

113 

43 

10,031 

571 

549 

1,766 

24 

12 

41 

19 

986 

327 

53 

58 

246 

220 

97 

99 

2,008 

730 

67 

37,337 

290 

2,083 

138 

131 

5,004 

1,016 

10,920 

98 

601 

242 

959 

317 

1,139 

2,195 

177 

11 

725 

155 

4,585 

3,034 

148 

25 

130 

565 

597 

161 

191 



33,354 

1,978 
1 

10 

6 

13 

20 

15 

15 

86 

99 

18 

10 

865 

22 

1 

4 

26 

5 

80 

8 

30 

167 

4 



1 

110 
18 

1 

5 
28 

4 

25 

21 

384 

38 

5 

29,340 

78 

52 

230 

79 

5,982 

2,114 

2,500 

139 

470 

47 

24 

392 

122 

907 

13 

30 

60 

87 

330 

10,104 

6 

54 

13 

35 

1,299 

247 

39 



13,383 
60 

1 



12 

1 
1 

2 



4 
14 



27 



See footnotes at end of table. 



58 



TABLE 16. IMMIGRANT NEW ARRIVALS ADMITTED BY SELECTED PORT OF ENTRY 

AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 

FISCAL YEAR 1994— Continued 



Region and country 
of birth 


All 
ports 


Chicago 


El Paso 


Los 
Angeles 


Miami 


Newark 


New 
York 


San 
Francisco 


San 
Juan 


Other 


Vietnam 


10,400 


43 


10 


3,843 


8 


10 


1,035 


3,722 


1 


1,728 


Yemen 


641 


52 


- 


20 


- 


9 


398 


26 


- 


136 


Other Asia 


795 
10,752 


44 
594 


5 
111 


131 
993 


17 
266 


23 
393 


267 
4,770 


139 
323 


4 


169 


Africa 


3,298 


Cape Verde 


599 


- 


1 


1 




8 


460 




- 


129 


Egypt 


2,147 


99 


13 


344 


27 


24 


1,334 


49 


- 


257 


Ethiopia 


855 


67 


17 


111 


13 


21 


113 


102 


- 


411 


Ghana 


916 


66 


3 


39 


6 


43 


393 


9 


- 


357 


Kenya 


513 


50 


1 


42 


7 


28 


130 


27 


- 


228 


Liberia 


508 


13 


30 


10 


11 


84 


274 


1 


- 


85 


Morocco 


414 


11 




31 


16 


10 


304 


2 


- 


40 


Nigeria 


1,635 


121 


10 


102 


22 


45 


642 


27 


2 


664 


Sierra Leone 


396 


1 




23 


1 


4 


133 


13 


- 


221 


Somalia 


118 


4 


13 


- 






47 


2 




52 


South Africa 


950 
67 


59 


6 

3 


170 
10 


124 

1 


30 


303 
31 


26 
3 




232 


Sudan 


19 


Tanzania 


269 


29 


1 


23 


6 


15 


104 


9 




82 


Uganda 


197 


20 


2 


13 


3 


20 


46 


10 


- 


83 




1,168 
2,156 


54 
19 


11 
8 


74 
1,390 


29 
15 


61 
7 


456 
44 


43 
271 


2 


438 


Oceania 


402 


Australia 


690 


10 


2 


448 


11 


6 


34 


39 


- 


140 


Fiji 


844 


- 


4 


541 


- 




4 


229 


- 


66 


New Zealand 


324 
298 

218,967 

7,414 


7 
2 

909 


2 
92,709 


236 
165 

11,458 


2 
2 

24,309 


1 
3,660 


5 

1 

47,182 


1 
2 

1,243 


13,116 


72 


Other Oceania 


124 




24,381 


Canada 


129 


6 


146 


89 


45 


792 


98 




6,109 


Mexico 


97,958 


142 


91,410 


142 


72 


24 


137 


72 


2 


5,957 


Caribbean 


79,991 


33 


1,210 


32 


17,293 


3,567 


42,585 


8 


13,070 


2,193 


Antigua-Barbuda 


272 


- 


- 




18 


11 


86 


- 


98 


59 


Bahamas, The 


243 




1 




223 


- 


7 


- 


1 


10 


Barbados 


528 


- 


- 




87 


1 


361 


- 


63 


15 


Cuba 


2,504 


I 


318 


11 


2,131 


1 


16 


- 


6 


20 


Dominica 


386 




- 




33 


5 


67 


- 


127 


154 


Dominican Republic . 


48,031 


3 


10 




3,897 


3,311 


28,942 


2 


11,740 


125 


Grenada 


401 




- 




30 


3 


179 


- 


180 


9 


Haiti 


11,237 


2 


877 




5,820 


12 


4,279 


2 


44 


200 


Jamaica 


10,931 


17 


3 


12 


3,756 


220 


5,702 


4 


7 


1,210 


St. Kitts-Nevis 


265 
279 








13 
26 


1 


31 

75 


- 


89 

148 


131 


St. Lucia 


30 


St. Vincent & 






















Grenadines 


333 




- 




43 




222 


- 


39 


29 


Trinidad & Tobago ... 


4,292 


7 






1,167 


1 


2,541 


- 


458 


115 


Other Caribbean 


289 


3 


1 


2 


49 


1 


77 


- 


70 


86 


Central America 


33,580 


602 


80 


11,137 


6,854 


23 


3,665 


1,062 


44 


10,113 


Belize 


588 


1 


1 


162 


193 


3 


4 


4 


- 


220 


Costa Rica 


726 


8 


2 


113 


314 


- 


104 


9 


7 


169 


El Salvador 


16,603 
6,469 


87 
365 


36 
17 


6,638 
3,049 


1,170 
951 


3 
13 


1,983 
555 


776 
92 


4 
4 


5,906 


Guatemala 


1,423 


Honduras 


4,445 


9 


8 


622 


1,511 


1 


943 


45 


5 


1,301 


Nicaragua 


3,078 


14 


14 


531 


1,763 


- 


53 


132 


8 


563 


Panama 


1,671 


118 


2 


22 


952 


3 


23 


4 


16 


531 


Other North America .. 


24 


3 


3 


1 


1 


1 


3 


3 


- 


9 


South America 


34,437 


97 


49 


2,093 

319 


15,717 


95 


14,645 


199 


176 


1,366 


Argentina 


1,257 


4 


6 


586 




296 


2 




44 


Bolivia 


1,038 


- 


I 


42 


961 


1 


12 


- 


- 


21 


Brazil 


1,939 


43 


7 


227 


699 


9 


719 


4 


1 


230 


Chile 


911 


3 


2 


92 


605 


3 


117 


10 


2 


77 


Colombia 


7,986 


16 


9 


317 


3,738 


12 


3,580 


1 


57 


256 


Ecuador 


5,023 


9 


4 


169 


1,567 


5 


2,974 


13 


1 


281 


Guyana 


6,982 


1 


3 


3 


551 


9 


6,139 


2 


32 


242 


Paraguay 


692 


10 


1 


21 


381 


4 


245 


- 


- 


30 


Peru 


7,055 


7 


12 


851 


5,757 


4! 


108 


165 


4 


110 


Uruguay 


308 


1 


I 


31 


126 


- 


140 


- 




9 


Venezuela 


1,132 


3 


3 


19 


676 


10 


281 


2 


76 


62 


Other South America .. 


114 




- 


2 


70 


1 


34 




3 


4 



■ Represents zero. 



59 



TABLE 17. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH AND 

STATE OF INTENDED RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1994 



State of intended 
residence 


All 
countries 


Canada 


China, 
Mainland 


Colombia 


Cuba 


Dominican 
Republic 


El 
Salvador 


Germany 


Guatemala 


Guyana 


Total 


804,416 


16,068 


53,985 


10,847 


14,727 


51,189 


17,644 


6,992 


7,389 


7,662 


Alabama 


1,837 


60 


200 


20 


1 


6 


4 


82 


6 


6 


Alaska 


1,129 


58 


64 


18 


1 


38 


6 


15 


6 


1 


Arizona 


9,141 


391 


653 


34 


20 


17 


63 


124 


73 


3 


Arkansas 


1.031 


34 


70 


6 


1 


1 


16 


35 


1 


1 


California 


208,498 
6,825 


1.922 

252 


17,447 
371 


665 

37 


411 
8 


120 
3 


8.082 
20 


1.030 
155 


3.628 
28 


141 


Colorado 


1 


Connecticut 


9,537 


226 


551 


310 


18 


249 


46 


96 


61 


91 


Delaware 


984 


38 


142 


2 


4 


8 


12 


12 


6 




District of Columbia 


3,204 


15 


223 


31 


9 


138 


630 


30 


50 


48 


Florida 


58,093 


2.038 


871 


2,741 


12,465 


2,463 


363 


596 


366 


552 


Georgia 


10.032 


368 


522 


167 


26 


47 


79 


228 


22 


67 


Hawaii 


7.746 


155 


743 


6 


1 




1 


56 


3 


1 




1,559 


87 


94 


8 


- 


1 


14 


29 


9 


- 


Illinois 


42,400 


497 


1,684 


228 


81 


119 


163 


221 


466 


32 


Indiana 


3,725 


179 


375 


18 


3 


19 


6 


89 


15 


2 


Iowa 


2,163 


127 


237 


7 


2 


3 


11 


51 


9 


11 


Kansas 


2,902 


74 


236 


17 


7 


8 


18 


86 


9 


2 


Kentucky 


2.036 


126 


203 


7 


3 


4 


8 


112 


4 


1 


Louisiana 


3.366 


158 


225 


28 


35 


57 


23 


74 


42 


26 


Maine 


829 


153 


60 


3 




2 


3 


35 


6 


- 


Maryland 


15,937 


175 


1,620 


165 


11 


233 


1.017 


130 


165 


217 


Massachusetts 


22,882 


490 


1,995 


236 


38 


2,581 


247 


166 


171 


66 


Michigan 


12,728 


955 


663 


51 


18 


83 


14 


200 


47 


11 


Minnesota 


7,098 
815 


268 
30 


448 
97 


96 

2 


11 


14 

4 


29 
3 


95 
32 


33 
3 


141 


Mississippi 


3 


Missouri 


4,362 


153 


464 


20 


32 


6 


18 


99 


13 


5 


Montana 


447 


112 


34 


2 


- 


- 


1 


22 


- 


- 


Nebraska 


1.595 


34 


137 


3 


- 


5 


13 


16 


7 


4 


Nevada 


4.051 


139 


314 


31 


166 


16 


122 


48 


43 


6 


New Hampshire 


1.144 


93 


93 


11 




63 


7 


35 


5 


- 


New Jersey 


44.083 


402 


2,174 


1,780 


627 


5,384 


578 


179 


317 


657 


New Mexico 


2.936 

144.354 

6.204 

635 

9.184 


47 

1.277 

429 

69 
394 


157 

11,745 

468 

40 

872 


14 

2,888 

39 

3 

48 


95 

247 
7 

5 


1 

28.250 

32 

33 


9 

1.983 

31 

1 

19 


49 
481 
210 

10 
193 


18 

708 

22 

2 

18 


4 


New York 


5.320 




18 


North Dakota 


- 


Ohio 


40 


Oklahoma 


2.728 


99 


198 


17 


1 


4 


5 


95 


17 


- 


Oregon 


6,784 


241 


421 


9 


3 


3 


44 


86 


38 


- 


Pennsylvania 


15.971 


422 


1,621 


143 


42 


369 


30 


229 


67 


44 • 


Rhode Island 


2.907 

2.110 

570 

3.608 


37 

144 

53 

177 


174 

200 

26 

291 


141 

32 

12 


1 
2 

3 


636 

4 

9 


14 
3 

11 


28 

82 
10 
99 


156 
10 

10 


1 




9 


South Dakota 


_ 


Tennessee 


15 


Texas 


56.158 
2,951 


1,112 

259 


1,932 
291 . 


378 

24 


86 

3 


114 
10 


2.499 
22 


489 
49 


430 

22 


62 ■ 


Utah 


1 


Vermont 


658 


145 


61 


3 


- 


1 




33 


3 


1 




15,342 


238 


971 


153 


25 


70 


1,283 


209 


166 


23 


Washington 


18,180 


821 


842 


35 


26 


II 


45 


226 


41 


5 


West Virginia 


663 


38 


103 


8 


I 


2 


2 


36 


3 


1 


Wisconsin 


5,328 


197 


407 


33 


2 


25 


11 


144 


33 


4 


Wyoming 


217 


22 


18 


2 


2 


- 


- 


15 


- 


- 


U.S. territories and 






















possessions 






















Guam 


2,531 


6 


66 


- 


- 




1 


5 


- 


- 


Northern Mariana Is 


120 


- 


8 




- 


- 


- 


- 




- 




10.463 
1.426 


5 
21 


63 


113 
2 


176 


9.390 
533 


14 


29 

4 


11 


2 


Virgin Islands 


16 


Armed Services Posts ... 


188 


1 


- 


- 




- 




1 


- 


- 


Other or unknown 


21 


5 


- 


- 


1 


- 


- 


2 




- 



See footnotes at end of table. 



60 



TABLE 17. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH AND 

STATE OF INTENDED RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1994— Continued 



State of intended 
residence 



Haiti 



Hong 
Kong 



India 



Iran 



Ireland 



Jainaica 



Japan 



Korea 



Mexico 



Pakistan 



Total 

Alabama 

Alaska 

Arizona 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut 

Delaware 

District of Columbia . 
Florida 

Georgia 

Hawaii 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Kentucky 

Louisiana 

Maine 

Maryland 

Massachusetts 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi 

Missouri 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire 

New Jersey 

New Mexico 

New York 

North Carolina 

North Dakota 

Ohio 

Oklahoma 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania 

Rhode Island 

South Carolina 

South Dakota 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah 

Vermont 

Virginia 

Washington 

West Virginia 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming 

U.S. territories and 
possessions 

Guam 

Northern Mariana Is. . 

Puerto Rico 

Virgin Islands 

Armed Services Posts 

Other or unknown 



13,333 
I 



78 

5 

342 

62 

27 

5,052 

34 

I 

3 

101 

8 

3 

4 

10 

27 

168 

951 

29 

16 

3 

32 

I 

2 
7 

1,500 

2 

4,527 

13 

6 

6 

12 

139 

56 

5 
3 

26 

2 

28 
17 

2 
I 



7,731 

5 

2 
46 

7 

3,359 

30 

46 

7 

14 

167 

65 

239 

2 

216 
26 
15 
36 
21 
23 
6 

118 

243 
55 
64 

7 
49 

4 

3 
53 

7 

285 

7 

1,318 

57 

8 

63 

7 

54 

105 

18 

17 

1 

29 

298 

25 

4 

115 

285 

1 

40 



51 

4 
3 
1 



34,921 

222 
13 

227 

53 

7,085 

139 

452 

76 

63 

1,033 

649 

37 

8 

3,241 

365 

135 

126 

209 

206 

26 

1,058 

805 

1,085 

183 

112 

295 

5 

62 

68 

56 

3,782 

96 

5,338 

426 

26 

800 

194 

161 

1,343 

41 

173 
13 

290 

2,254 

68 

20 

928 

475 
62 

301 
4 



6 
I 

3 
20 



11,422 

38 

8 

73 

11 

6,302 

131 

53 

22 

32 

301 

204 

11 

5 

204 
46 
14 
47 
44 
31 
9 

418 

198 

134 

76 

24 

69 

4 

18 

47 

6 

188 

41 
563 

77 

124 
82 
73 

148 
17 

18 

5 

79 

655 

49 

1 

469 

186 

19 

42 

5 



17,256 

22 

6 

100 

34 
2,338 

97 
427 

48 

47 
731 

182 
9 
14 
1,089 
48 
26 
20 
87 
45 
42 

202 
2.935 
90 
89 
10 
74 
13 
12 
50 
83 

1,137 

19 

5,142 

94 

2 

181 

8 

46 

576 

116 

47 

4 

45 

311 

41 

30 

210 

179 

7 

85 

4 



14,349 

20 
I 



I 

257 

6 

687 

35 

112 

3,569 

179 

3 

3 

223 

15 

7 

II 

13 

14 

17 

452 

319 

65 

20 

1 

22 

4 

10 
3 

1,012 

I 

6,366 

42 
3 

74 

2 

8 

354 

22 

13 

II 
185 



96 
22 
10 
38 
I 



6,093 

31 
17 
66 
12 
1,917 
60 
62 
14 
16 
157 

107 
510 
II 
171 
48 
19 
16 
52 
24 
14 

74 

100 

134 

60 

23 

40 

7 

6 

29 

12 

257 

9 

702 

65 

3 

85 

23 

114 

102 

5 

33 

5 

64 

184 

60 

6 

89 

287 

5 
29 

4 



126 
I 

3 
I 

22 



16,011 

57 
71 

122 

31 

4,965 

197 

103 
44 
37 

256 

357 

329 

13 

770 

116 

121 

47 

82 

29 

II 

651 

194 

315 

243 

12 

77 

26 

71 

102 

40 

1,054 

27 

1,904 

225 

I 

174 

71 

230 

466 

14 

39 
15 
95 

620 
48 
13 

583 

649 
25 

113 
3 



140 
3 
3 



111,398 

95 
45 

4,340 

142 

52.088 

1,931 
90 
56 
27 

1,885 

665 

47 

737 

7.900 

401 

233 

691 

60 

80 

11 

163 

86 

413 

207 

34 

195 

10- 

295 

951 



385 
1.674 
1,310 

477 
11 

134 

513 
1,472 

556 
24 

61 

13 

122 

27,015 

322 

3 

253 

2,573 

10 

467 

36 



13 

57 



8,698 

33 

1 

44 

8 

1,389 

30 

117 

34 

25 

342 

183 
II 

15 
677 
58 
20 
25 
20 
53 
3 

296 

102 

273 

31 

15 

51 

15 
35 
14 

556 

6 

2.200 

85 

1 

129 

39 

34 

195 

4 

22 

2 

55 

719 

29 

1 

558 

63 

15 

51 

1 



See footnotes at end of table. 



61 



TABLE 17. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH AND 

STATE OF INTENDED RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1994— Continued 



State of intended 
residence 



Peru 



Philippines 



Poland 



Soviet 
Union 



Taiwan 



Trinidad 



United 
Kingdom 



Vietnam 



Other 



Total 

Alabama 

Alaska 

Arizona 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut 

Delaware 

District of Columbia . 
Florida 

Georgia 

Hawaii 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Kentucky 

Louisiana 

Maine 

Maryland 

Massachusetts 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi 

Missouri 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire 

New Jersey 

New Mexico 

New York 

North Carolina 

North Dakota 

Ohio 

Oklahoma 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania 

Rhode Island 

South Carolina 

South Dakota 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah 

Vermont 

Virginia 

Washington 

West Virginia 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming 

U.S. territories and 
possessions 

Guam 

Northern Mariana Is. . 

-Puerto Rico 

Virgin Islands 

Armed Services Posts 

Other or unknown 



9,177 

18 

14 

36 

2 

1,619 

64 

258 

3 

43 

1,506 

90 

14 

14 

175 

18 

4 

8 

7 

13 

4 

258 
89 
26 
39 
4 
20 

2 
43 
11 

1,771 
15 

1,770 
45 
1 
34 
20 
38 
77 
22 



26 

264 

66 

1 

490 

45 

9 

11 

5 



53 
2 



53,535 

83 
330 
374 

85 

23,942 

212 

209 

52 

109 

1,474 

288 
4,329 

68 

2,539 

182 

61 
108 

78 
155 

45 

752 
259 
456 
157 

66 
243 

25 

47 
773 

47 

2,945 

81 

3,878 

209 

20 

319 

117 

313 

460 

54 

149 

19 

144 

1,833 

106 

15 

1,119 

1,781 

56 

159 

16 



1,959 

104 

5 

4 

121 

1 



28,048 

10 

35 

69 

7 

598 

106 

1,459 

16 

2 

548 

156 
1 

15 

11,165 

115 

14 
7 
15 
21 
17 

117 

672 

656 

49 

29 
2 
15 
26 
10 

3,751 

15 

6,733 

53 

1 

211 

13 

35 

535 

114 

73 

4 

31 

151 

22 

6 

85 

128 

8 

124 

2 



63,420 

54 

97 

308 

21 

14,542 

730 

659 

44 

87 

1,117 

630 

24 

98 

2,970 

329 

124 

179 

118 

35 

47 

2,144 

2,438 

968 

762 

5 

554 

48 

156 

58 

64 

1,993 

60 

19,618 

245 
89 

1,743 

34 

1.262 

2.592 

250 

51 

66 

166 

873 

260 

60 

613 

3,340 

8 

685 



10,032 

46 

3 

73 

4 

4,862 

71 

68 

13 

17 

179 



35 



6,292 

11 

2 

15 

6 

147 

5 

60 

13 

57 

832 



115 


52 


81 


1 


8 


, 


247 


27 


47 


5 


30 


. 


43 


10 


10 


9 


39 


18 


10 


- 


263 


320 


140 


141 


141 


19 


59 


13 


6 


1 


62 


8 


4 


. 


13 


. 


30 


3 


22 


7 


580 


415 


21 


^ 


851 


3,496 


89 


28 


3 


. 


144 


29 


40 


9 


49 


3 


182 


182 


12 


10 


49 


18 


40 


11 


743 


145 


46 


2 


5 


2 


163 


58 


206 


21 


13 


2 


49 


8 


5 


. 



60 



16326 

94 

32 

263 

104 

3,216 

296 

356 

54 

53 

1,783 

460 
67 
14 

517 

135 
57 
59 
57 

115 
53 

242 
722 
353 
167 

40 
123 

34 

33 
106 

89 

742 

73 

1,894 

270 

11 
315 

86 
176 
664 

53 

168 

10 

127 

937 

93 

34 

404 

334 

26 

153 

22 



10 

13 
17 



41,345 

142 

35 

432 

136 

14,162 

508 

277 

9 

243 

1,183 

1,602 
353 
72 
734 
164 
453 
522 
211 
650 
39 

656 
1,366 
531 
806 
100 
601 
5 
377 
117 
112 

564 

89 

995 

855 

91 

331 

527 

733 

1,040 

17 

171 

18 

354 

4,292 

270 

63 

1.594 

2,607 

9 

97 



29 



148,526 

470 

210 
1,163 

202 

32,186 

1,332 

2,164 

158 

1,019 

13,523 

2,488 
713 
217 

5,943 
893 
369 
486 
465 

1,120 
213 

3,852 

5,132 

4,943 

2,922 

177 

1,008 

84 

251 

663 

239 

9,068 

304 

22,850 

1,593 

239 
2,666 

501 
1.126 
3,288 

870 

509 

303 

1,292 

7,551 

761 

147 

4.349 

2,930 

184 

2,018 

49 



78 

3 

496 

716 

29 

1 



Represents zero. 



62 



TABLE 18. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY STATE OF INTENDED RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEARS 1986-94 



State of intended 


1986 


1987 


1988 


1989 


1990 


1991 


1992 


1993 


1994 


residence 




















Total 


601,708 


601,516 


643,025 


1,090,924 


1,536,483 


1,827,167 


973,977 


904,292 


804,416 


Alabama 


1,697 


1,597 


1.402 


1.792 


1.775 


2,706 


2.109 


2,298 


1.837 


Alaska 


1,115 


992 


989 


1.013 


1.207 


1,525 


1.165 


1,286 


1.129 


Arizona 


7,133 


7,189 


6.697 


11.238 


23.737 


40,642 


15,792 


9,778 


9,141 


Arkansas 


929 


861 


808 


1.074 


1.245 


2,559 


1,039 


1,312 


1,031 




168,790 
4,739 


161,164 
4,562 


188.696 
4,541 


457.417 
7.101 


682.979 
9.125 


732,735 
13,782 


336,663 
6,553 


260,090 
6,650 


208,498 


Colorado 


6,825 


Connecticut 


7,001 
585 


8,058 
621 


7,161 
685 


8.430 
708 


10,678 
868 


12,365 
1,937 


10,345 
1,034 


10,966 
1,132 


9,537 


Delaware 


984 


District of Columbia 


2,444 


2,572 


2,517 


4.759 


5,467 


5.510 


4,275 


3,608 


3,204 




48,600 


54,654 


65.418 


48.474 


71,603 


141,068 


61,127 


61,423 


58,093 


Georgia 


5,671 


6,118 


5.677 


8.093 


10,431 


23,556 


11,243 


10,213 


10,032 


Hawaii 


7,814 


6.796 


6.637 


7.292 


8,441 


8,659 


8,199 


8,528 


7,746 


Idaho 


768 


682 


790 


1.875 


1,815 


7,088 


1,186 


1,270 


1,559 


Illinois 


26,093 


25,995 


27,726 


69.263 


83,858 


73,388 


43,532 


46,744 


42,400 




2,496 


2.279 


2,322 


2.580 


3,392 


4,512 


3.115 


4,539 


3,725 


Iowa 


1,309 


1,579 


1.697 


1.760 


2,252 


3,331 


2.228 


2.626 


2,163 


Kansas 


2,043 


1,804 


2.130 


3.842 


3,925 


5,620 


2.924 


3.225 


2,902 


Kentucky 


1,049 


1,381 


1.218 


1.396 


1,365 


1,753 


2,119 


2,182 


2,036 


Louisiana 


4,373 


3,824 


3,444 


3.925 


4,024 


4,917 


4,230 


3,725 


3,366 


Maine 


941 


855 


701 


795 


883 


1,155 


847 


838 


829 


Maryland 


10,768 


11,846 


11,502 


14,258 


17.106 


17,470 


15.408 


16.899 


15,937 


Massachusetts 


15,120 


16,630 


18,594 


20,990 


25.338 


27.020 


22.231 


25.011 


22,882 


Michigan 


8,560 


8.929 


9,073 


9,552 


10.990 


16.090 


14,268 


14.913 


12,728 




5,189 
785 


5,621 
862 


4,665 
760 


5.704 
845 


6.627 
931 


7.461 
1.254 


6,851 

842 


7,438 
906 


7,098 


Mississippi 


815 


Missouri 


2,912 


2,715 


3,082 


3.320 


3.820 


4.470 


4,250 


4,644 


4,362 


Montana 


369 


341 


415 


376 


484 


826 


493 


509 


447 


Nebraska 


787 


760 


837 


1.120 


1.573 


3,020 


1,486 


1,980 


1,595 


Nevada 


3,021 


2.562 


2,726 


5,242 


8.270 


10,470 


5,086 


4,045 


4,051 


New Hampshire 


834 


1,070 


1,004 


1,140 


1.191 


1,421 


1.250 


1,263 


1,144 


New Jersey 


34,638 


30,849, 


32,724 


42,187 


52.670 


56,164 


48.314 


50,285 


44,083 




2,234 

110,216 

3,317 

400 

7,215 


2,302 

114,194 

3,181 

305 

5,930 


2,661 

109,259 

3,777 

324 

6,305 


7,210 

134,766 

4,634 

323 

7,185 


8.840 

189,589 

5,387 

448 

7,419 


13,519 

188,104 

16,772 

565 

8,632 


3.907 

149.399 

6.425 

513 

10.194 


3,409 

151,209 

6,892 

601 

10,703 


2,936 




144.354 


North Carolina 


6.204 




635 


Ohio 


9.184 




2,516 


2,131 


2,050 


4,366 


5,274 


6,403 


3.147 


2,942 


2.728 


Oregon 


3,820 


3,687 


3,722 


4,773 


7,880 


24,575 


6.275 


7,250 


6.784 




10,597 


10,599 


11,837 


12,895 


14,757 


20,033 


16.213 


16,964 


15.971 




2,684 

1,344 

233 

2,071 


2,425 

1,480 

304 

2,276 


2,390 

1,360 

254 
2,439 


3,134 

1,787 

265 

2,763 


3,683 

2,130 

287 

2,893 


3,644 

3,836 
519 

3,828 


2.920 

2.118 

522 
2.995 


3,168 

2,195 

543 

4,287 


2.907 


South Carolina 


2.110 




570 


Tennessee 


3.608 


Texas 


42,316 


42,349 


43.271 


112,927 


174,132 


212,600 


75,533 


67,380 


56,158 


Utah 


2,106 


1,995 


2.113 


2,926 


3,335 


5,737 


2,744 


3,266 


2,951 


Vermont 


351 


517 


400 


436 


614 


709 


668 


709 


658 


Virginia 


10,557 


11,235 


11,908 


15,690 


19.005 


24,942 


17,739 


16,451 


15,342 


Washington 


9,470 


9,684 


9,890 


13,630 


15.129 


33,826 


15,861 


17,147 


18,180 


West Virginia 


583 


530 


482 


500 


552 


763 


723 


689 


663 


Wisconsin 


3,364 


2,912 


3,288 


4,210 


5.293 


5.888 


4,261 


5,168 


5,328 


Wyoming 


266 


261 


230 


461 


542 


566 


281 


263 


217 


U.S. territories and 




















possessions 




















Guam 


1,950 


1,805 


1.909 


1,775 


1.851 


2.113 


2,464 


3.072 


2,531 


Northern Mariana Islands 


X 


X 


X 


X 


105 


114 


67 


158 


120 


Puerto Rico 


4,013 


4,177 


4.866 


4.691 


7.138 


10.353 


6,347 


7.614 


10,463 


Virgin Islands 


1,512 


1,466 


1.652 


1.767 


1,733 


2,083 


1,754 


1.610 


1,426 


Other or unknown 




3 




109 


397 


2.569 


703 


276 


209 



■ Represents zero. X Not applicable. 



63 



TABLE 19. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH AND SELECTED 
METROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREA OF INTENDED RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1994 



Metropolitan statistical area ' 



All 
countries 



Canada 



China, 
Mainland 



Colom- 
bia 



Cuba 



Domi- 
nican 
Rep. 



El 
Salva- 
dor 



Ger- 
many 



Guate- 
mala 



Total 

New York, NY 

Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA 

Chicago, IL 

Miami, FL 

Washington. DC-MD-VA 

Boston-Lawrence-Lowell-Brockton, MA 

San Francisco, CA 

Houston, TX 

San Jose, CA 

Orange County, CA 

San Diego, CA 

Oakland, CA 

Newark, NJ 

Bergen-Passaic, NJ 

Philadelphia, PA-NJ 

Nassau-Suffolk, NY 

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA 

Dallas, TX 

Riverside-San Bernardino, CA 

Detroit, MI 

Fort Lauderdale. P^L 

Atlanta, GA 

Jersey City, NJ 

Sacramento, CA 

San Juan, PR 

Middlesex-Somerset-Hunterdon, NJ 

Honolulu, HI 

Fresno, CA 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI 

Portland-Vancouver, OR-WA 

Phoenix-Mesa, AZ 

Baltimore, MD 

El Paso. TX 

Denver, CO 

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, PI- 

Ventura, CA 

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton, FL 

Orlando, FL 

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX 

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk-Danbury, CT 

Hartford, CT 

Fort Worth-Arlington, TX 

Cleveland-Lorain-Elyria, OH 

Bakersfield, CA 

San Antonio, TX 

Providence-Wanvick-Pawtucket, RI 

Salinas, CA 

Las Vegas, NV 

St. Louis, MO-IL 

Slockton-Lodi, CA 

Other MSA 

Non-MSA 

Unknown 



804,416 

124,423 
77,112 
40,081 
29,108 
25,021 
18,709 
18,641 
17,600 
16,207 
15,502 

14,212 

13,701 

12,040 

11.606 

11.535 

10.649 

10.504 

9.453 

9.163 

8.736 

7.846 
7.825 
7.529 
6.627 
6,546 
6,365 
6,288 
6,232 
6,056 
5,527 

5,264 
4,914 
4,537 
4,387 
4,300 
4,109 
3,961 
3,914 
3,805 
3,785 

3,458 
3,455 
3,333 
3,032 
2,960 
2,776 
2,706 
2,687 
2,669 
2,482 

126,031 

44,806 

201 



16,068 

518 
535 
436 
192 
223 
335 
166 
255 
149 
200 

196 

184 
117 

87 
180 

85 
368 
185 
125 
637 

472 
266 

27 

65 
5 

67 
120 

31 
191 
161 

274 

74 

13 

170 

373 

41 

227 

189 

36 

114 

57 
58 

116 
22 

105 
33 
14 
87 
92 
6 

5,385 

1.995 



53,985 

10,163 
6,183 
1,420 

203 
1,849 
1,727 
3,934 

846 
1,945 

827 

631 
2,327 
465 
352 
1,107 
589 
667 
433 
256 
336 

109 
379 
312 
369 

25 
621 
714 

73 
400 
292 

360 
488 

21 
201 
103 
102 

80 

104 

5 

130 

169 
70 

183 
25 
60 

171 
30 

150 

289 
69 

9,509 

2,112 



10,847 

2,364 

316 

217 

1,735 

289 

197 

43 

215 

21 

93 

31 

37 

571 

574 

110 

399 

24 

46 

43 

18 

439 
142 
359 

5 
47 
128 

4 

1 
73 

9 

23 

24 
5 

24 
122 

26 
138 
158 
2 
165 

84 
29 
14 

6 

17 

138 

6 
23 
13 

3 

996 
281 



14,727 

192 

281 

80 

11,453 

34 

29 

49 

29 

6 

19 



14 
118 

51 
23 
19 
24 
22 
18 
5 

268 

23 

421 

3 

94 

20 

1 

5 

9 

2 

8 
3 
3 
2 

310 
2 

156 

96 

1 

11 

4 
2 
2 
1 
7 
1 

165 
3 
1 

440 

189 



51,189 

26,992 

41 

104 

1,779 

387 

2,420 

14 

65 

5 



13 

16 

760 

2,144 
289 

1,033 

4 

7 

4 

13 

187 

33 

1,422 

4 

6,089 

732 



14 

14 

33 

1 

2 

94 

4 

120 

144 

114 

63 

12 

12 

1 

9 

634 

1 

15 



1,446 
3,883 



17,644 

948 

5,963 

158 

219 

2,853 

221 

640 

1,853 

117 

311 

48 
219 
159 

104 
23 

974 
23 

368 

259 
5 

47 

62 

252 

34 

5 

23 

1 

90 

24 

29 

56 
31 
9 
9 
22 
62 
23 
12 
17 
22 

6 
30 

9 
82 
43 
14 
53 
70 

3 
12 

713 

314 



6,992 

253 

331 

156 

96 

170 

119 

112 

82 

85 

71 

99 
61 

47 
46 
97 
54 
65 
51 
62 
90 

67 
105 

9 
25 

7 
29 
34 
12 
70 
53 

81 
62 
50 
50 
96 
19 
42 
54 
8 
40 

28 
25 
39 
14 
40 
25 
11 
29 
41 
8 

2,469 

1,202 

1 



7,389 

406 
2,752 
457 
205 
344 
160 
149 
194 
46 
200 

25 
74 

126 
55 
39 

172 
15 
95 

172 
14 

28 

9 

44 

9 

4 

28 

2 

21 

23 

28 

56 
17 

1 
16 
35 
50 
25 
25 

9 
36 



2 

5 

19 

56 

156 

6 

22 

10 

10 

633 

296 



See footnotes al end of table. 



64 



TABLE 19. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH AND SELECTED 

METROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREA OF INTENDED RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1994— Continued 



Metropolitan statistical area ' 



Haiti 



Hong 
Kong 



India 



Iran 



Iraq 



Ireland 



Jamaica 



Japan 



Korea 



Total 

New York, NY 

Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA 

Chicago, IL 

Miami, FL 

Washington, DC-MD-VA 

Boslon-Lawrence-Lowell-Brockton, MA 

San Francisco, CA 

Houston, TX 

San Jose, CA 

Orange County, CA 

San Diego, CA 

Oakland, CA 

Newark, NJ 

Bergen-Passaic, NJ 

Philadelphia, PA-NJ 

Nassau-Suffolk, NY 

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA 

Dallas. TX 

Riverside-San Bernardino, CA 

Detroit, Ml 

Fort Lauderdale, FL 

Atlanta, GA 

Jersey City, NJ 

Sacramento, CA 

San Juan, PR 

Middlesex-Somerset-Hunterdon, NJ 

Honolulu, HI 

Fresno, CA 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI 

Portland- Vancouver, OR-WA 

Phoenix-Mesa, AZ 

Baltimore, MD 

El Paso, TX 

Denver, CO 

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL 

Ventura, CA 

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton, FL 

Orlando, FL 

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX 

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk-Danbury, CT 

Hartford, CT 

Fort Worth-Arlington, TX 

Cleveland-Lorain-Elyria, OH 

Bakersfield. CA 

San Antonio, TX 

Providence-Warwick-Pawtucket, RI 

Salinas, CA 

Las Vegas, NV 

St Louis, MO-IL 

Stockton-Lodi, CA 

Other MSA 

Non-MSA 

Unknown 

See foolnotes at end of table. 



13,333 

4,085 

27 

92 

2,294 

154 

930 

14 

16 

1 

4 

13 

7 

1,150 

39 

125 

387 

11 

2 

3 

4 

1,144 
33 



5 

17 

I 

11 
10 

3 
15 

4 
56 

903 
233 

288 

19 

2 
2 

I 
55 

2 
5 

837 
241 



7,731 

1,159 
1,067 
201 
48 
161 
221 
909 
176 
272 
136 

73 

525 

70 

56 

102 

82 

245 

65 

57 

27 

50 
57 
35 

118 

1 

73 

239 
17 
56 
40 

27 
45 

3 
20 
II 

4 
21 

9 

30 

7 
17 
25 
II 

9 
18 

9 
39 
42 
38 

771 

236 

1 



34,921 

4,008 

1,339 

2,994 

99 

1,464 

642 

350 

1,061 

1,473 

583 

155 
1,049 
694 
607 
1,011 
705 
342 
573 
292 
802 

130 

460 

623 

294 

1 

1,253 

36 

312 

157 

134 

160 

305 
10 
77 

193 
83 
76 

167 
5 

194 

157 

157 

279 

135 

52 

39 

34 

28 

209 

167 

7,120 

1,629 



11,422 

333 
3,723 
183 
59 
754 
158 
233 
232 
474 
697 

246 

300 

36 

66 

87 

177 

161 

200 

102 

59 

42 

181 

16 

98 



10 

47 
68 
67 

61 
III 

8 
97 
36 
83 
28 
59 

17 

20 
55 
36 
II 
41 
17 
II 
29 
32 
3 

1,565 

265 



6,025 

62 
206 
549 
19 
98 
64 
79 
33 
53 
34 

794 
18 

2 

20 

37 

6 

97 

354 

32 

1,379 

6 
18 

1 
14 

1 
10 



18 

34 

89 
10 

4 

28 

4 

4 



30 

79 

55 

2 

3 

1 

3 

7 

84 

1,478 
85 



17,256 

4,122 
463 

1,059 

84 

291 

2,482 
960 
105 
167 
174 

173 
118 

255 

314 

472 

726 

137 

83 

42 

46 

149 

140 

128 

50 

115 

8 

4 

68 

47 

82 

90 

5 

50 

113 

26 

86 

84 

1 

221 

96 
13 
74 

2 
20 
68 
11 
34 
49 

9 

2,445 
695 



14349 

5,595 

139 

217 

1,155 

455 

258 

II 

102 

6 

20 

19 

18 

445 

254 

340 

464 

10 

27 

21 

46 

1,264 

162 

22 

11 

1 
54 

3 

3 
18 

7 

I 

155 

I 

4 
158 

3 
397 
244 

3 
231 

395 
8 

32 
2 
5 

22 
1 
9 



1,285 
238 



6,093 

561 

782 
140 

29 
113 

89 
214 

52 
155 
199 

180 
124 

32 
157 
49 
77 
224 
32 
53 
81 

11 

76 
30 
21 
2 
17 
455 
15 
41 
76 

40 
21 

6 

34 
25 
30 

7 
27 

1 
44 

10 
13 

12 

4 

28 

5 

21 

21 

23 

3 

1,074 

535 



16,011 

1,463 
3,070 
690 
17 
809 
145 
166 
140 
278 
633 

129 

202 
129 
547 
424 
186 
369 
228 
163 
136 

44 

272 

74 

55 

133 
324 
II 
210 
168 

84 

307 

36 

123 

51 

53 

19 

31 

2 

46 

23 
68 
37 
13 
33 
11 
56 
89 
52 
15 

2,662 

978 

7 



65 



TABLE 19. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH AND SELECTED 

METROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREA OF INTENDED RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1994— Continued 



Metropolitan statistical area ' 



Pakistan 



Peru 



Philip- 
pines 



Poland 



Soviet 
Union 



Taiwan 



Trinidad 



United 
Kingdom 



Vietnam 



Total 

New York, NY 

Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA 

Chicago, IL 

Miami, FL 

Washington, DC-MD-VA 

Boslon-Lawrence-Lowell-Brockton, MA 

San Francisco, CA 

Houston, TX 

San Jose, CA 

Orange County, CA 

San Diego, CA 

Oakland, CA 

Newark, NJ 

Bergen-Passaic, NJ 

Philadelphia, PA-NJ 

Nassau-Suffolk, NY 

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA 

Dallas, TX 

Riverside-San Bernardino, CA 

Detroit, MI 

Fort Lauderdale, FL 

Atlanta, GA 

Jersey City, NJ 

Sacramento, CA 

San Juan, PR 

Middlesex-Somerset-Hunterdon, NJ 

Honolulu, HI 

Fresno, CA 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI 

Portland-Vancouver, OR-WA 

Phoenix-Mesa, AZ 

Baltimore, MD 

El Paso, TX 

Denver, CO 

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL 

Ventura, CA 

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton, FL 

Orlando, FL 

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX 

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk-Danbury, CT 

Hartford, CT 

Fort Worth-Arlington, TX 

Cleveland-Lorain-Elyria, OH 

Bakersfield, CA 

San Antonio, TX 

Providence-Warwick-Pawtucket, RI 

Salinas, CA 

Las Vegas, NV 

St. Louis, MO-IL 

Stockton-Lodi, CA 

Other MSA 

Non-MSA 

Unknown 



8,698 

1,732 
347 
644 
110 
716 
86 
75 
406 
178 
130 

40 
176 
110 

82 
132 
262 

44 
157 
114 
202 

75 
149 
111 

65 

124 
II 

27 
25 
22 

31 

86 

1 

22 
40 
19 
17 
44 
4 
42 

38 
55 
27 
19 
II 
4 
3 
24 
38 
82 

1,414 

325 



9,177 

1,393 
661 
169 
941 
725 

70 
231 
113 

98 
167 

51 
148 
426 
762 

55 
312 

33 

55 
105 

16 

255 
68 

343 
14 
17 

131 

9 

5 

30 

25 

29 
38 

2 
52 
70 
40 
69 
67 

3 



127 
12 
19 
12 
31 
22 

5 

33 
16 

3 

785 
226 



53,535 

3,423 
7,476 
2,391 

223 
1,111 

210 
2,882 

760 
1,984 
1,152 

3,199 

2,340 
673 
591 
475 
283 

1,196 
241 
955 
317 

123 
168 
697 
538 
1 
360 
3,258 
191 
105 
250 

227 
206 

47 
127 
200 
440 

75 
149 

37 

71 

67 

61 

81 

280 

116 

42 

297 

505 

153 

448 

7,108 

5,104 

121 



28,048 

5,665 

191 

11,098 

55 

103 

250 

47 

35 

59 

71 

58 

77 

1,026 

1,481 

465 

692 

103 

36 

26 

570 

133 

135 

368 

19 

418 

4 
41 
30 

55 
68 

4 

76 

111 

5 
52 
22 

299 

968 

18 

173 

4 

31 

111 

2 

19 

25 



2,321 

427 

1 



63,420 

18,157 

7,710 

2,885 

315 

1,079 

1,967 

2,395 

267 

728 

134 

426 
408 
720 
534 

1,868 
200 

1,861 
421 
119 
734 

163 

572 

73 

1,984 

320 

22 

163 

718 

1,679 

123 

1,394 

7 

603 

85 

16 

77 

44 

2 

195 

282 
44 

981 

5 

38 

245 
24 
40 

439 
I 

9,039 

1,113 

I 



10,032 

653 
2,342 
224 
34 
333 
118 
317 
330 
788 
555 

142 
347 
133 
109 
104 
110 
183 
169 
142 
52 

21 
92 
34 
53 

187 
73 
18 
49 
36 

54 
50 

6 
36 
22 
19 
14 
35 

1 
22 

12 
57 
47 

3 

16 
12 
13 
29 
28 

6 

1,440 

361 

I 



6,292 

3,256 

79 

25 

230 

307 

131 

9 

83 

3 

9 

II 

6 

179 

63 

180 

193 

10 

24 

13 

4 

276 

40 

61 

4 

6 

48 

I 

II 

2 

12 

113 

I 

4 
46 

75 

91 

2 

25 

19 

18 

15 

I 

4 
9 

3 
5 



447 
138 



16,326 

1,424 
1,077 
448 
156 
389 
581 
478 
378 
294 
284 

219 
234 
196 
131 
457 
208 
220 
188 
124 
222 

255 

334 

57 

44 

5 

151 

46 

45 

146 

130 

178 

94 

13 

160 

308 

83 

170 

317 

3 

192 

68 
64 
75 
23 
59 
39 
26 
80 
77 
17 

4,113 

1,246 



41,345 

375 
3,118 

621 

31 

1,952 

1,068 

552 
2,051 
3,706 
2,936 

1.141 

923 

116 

II 

711 

56 

1,771 

913 

310 

64 

81 

1,400 

93 

759 

95 
342 

79 
621 

725 

294 

107 

8 

429 

343 

70 

45 

323 



149 

795 

89 

II 

62 

17 

65 

81 

320 

259 

10,029 

1,139 

1 



Ranked by the number of immigrants. See Glossary for definition of melropolilan statistical area. - Represents zero. 



66 



TABLE 20. IMMIGRANT BENEFICIARIES OF OCCUPATIONAL PREFERENCES ADMITTED 

BY TYPE OF ADMISSION AND OCCUPATION 
FISCAL YEAR 1994 



Occupation 



Total 



Employment-based principals 



Total 



1 St pref. 



2nd pref. 



3rd pref. 
(skilled 

worker or 
profes- 
sional) 



3rd pref. 

{other 

workers) 



4th pref. 



5th pref. 



All other 
immi- 
grants 



All occupations 

Professional specialty and technical occupations 

Architects 

Engineers, surveyors, and mapping scientists .. 

Mathematical and computer scientists 

Natural scientists 

Health diagnosticians 

Doctors 

Others 

Health assessment and treating personnel ... 

Nurses 

Others 

Teachers (postsecondary) 

Teachers (except postsecondary) 

Counselors (educational and vocational) 

Librarians, archivists, and curators 

Social scientists and urban planners 

Social, recreation, and religious workers 

Lawyers and judges 

Writers, artists, entertainers, and athletes 

Technologists and technicians (health) 

Technologists and technicians (except 

health) , 

Executive, administrative, and managerial 

occupations 

Sales occupations 

Administrative support occupations (including 

clerical) 

Precision production, craft, and repair occupations 

Operator, fabricator, and laborer occupations 

Fanning, forestry, and fishing occupations 

Service occupations 

No occupation , 

Homemaker 

Unemployed or retired 

Students and/or children under age 16 

Unknown or not reported 

- Represents zero. 



804,416 

67,286 

531 
10,799 
2,782 
3,105 
4,726 
3,913 

813 
11,818 
8,447 
3,371 
4,536 
7,468 

175 

225 

725 
4,296 

848 
5,707 

825 

8,720 



62,723 

25,174 
119 

4,782 
1.791 
1,903 
1,027 

831 

196 

5,715 

4,362 

1,353 

2,021 

943 

43 

59 

140 

3,350 

74 

1,337 

198 

1,672 



26,931 


10.149 


13,024 


749 


21,590 


1,536 


24,518 


2,125 


67,486 


1,761 


15,606 


161 


50,646 


7,280 


472,344 


6,029 


106,989 


353 


103,357 


1.553 


261,998 


4.123 



8,097 

2,546 

5 
204 
187 
685 
202 
169 
33 
46 

46 

561 

111 

1 

40 

3 

7 

494 



5.551 



6,807 

5,804 

32 

2.023 

605 

692 

571 

502 

69 

230 

88 

142 

869 

173 

13 

18 

57 

25 

40 

92 

34 

330 

847 
18 

75 
28 

2 
32 



44.985 



7.759 



38,879 

13,264 

81 

2.536 

998 

524 

249 

156 

93 

5,408 

4,258 

1,150 

539 

560 

27 

37 

38 

90 

27 

694 

162 

1,294 

3,525 
692 

1.320 

1.555 

936 

113 

4,338 

5,431 

341 

1,348 

3,742 

7,705 



4,136 
80 

5 



2 

1 

1 

15 

9 

6 

3 

20 



12 
I 

19 

62 
29 

74 
298 
788 

40 
2,765 



4,647 

3,473 

1 

12 

1 

2 
2 
2 

16 

7 

9 

46 

79 

2 

4 

5 

3.229 

44 
I 

29 



45 
7 

64 

243 

37 

5 

145 

579 

7 

193 

379 

49 



157 
7 

2 



119 

3 

3 
1 



19 

5 
12 

2 



741,693 

42,112 

412 

6.017 

991 

1.202 

3,699 

3,082 

617 

6,103 

4,085 

2.018 

2,515 

6,525 

132 

166 

585 

946 

774 

4,370 

627 

7,048 

16,782 
12,275 

20,054 

22.393 

65.725 

15,445 

43,366 

466,315 

106,636 

101.804 

257.875 

37,226 



67 



TABLE 21. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY MAJOR OCCUPATION GROUP AND REGION 

AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 
FISCAL YEAR 1994 







Occupation 








Profes- 


Executive. 














No occu- 


Region and country 
of birth 


Total 


Total 


sional 
specialty 


admini- 
strative. 


Sales 


Admini- 
strative 


Precision 
produc- 
tion, craft. 


Operator, 

fabricator, 
and 


Farming, 

forestry. 

and 


Service 


pation or 
not re- 








and tech- 
nical 


and man- 
agerial 




support 


and repair 


laborer 


fishing 




ported ' 


All countries 


804,416 


287,087 


67,286 


26,931 


13,024 


21,590 


24,518 


67,486 


15,606 


50,646 


517,329 


Europe 


160,916 


61,932 


19,769 


6,030 


2,667 


6,366 


7,867 


8316 


1,621 


9,296 


98,984 


Albania 


1.489 


635 


161 


9 


5 


8 


110 


194 


18 


130 


854 


Bulgaria 


981 


388 


189 


36 


12 


18 


28 


38 


3 


64 


593 


Czechoslovakia 


874 


344 


157 


44 


11 


31 


29 


22 


1 


49 


530 


France 


2.715 


1,149 


422 


307 


44 


104 


47 


41 


6 


178 


1.566 


Germany 


6,992 


3,195 


986 


444 


251 


630 


148 


190 


7 


539 


3.797 


Greece 


1,440 


515 


180 


63 


25 


28 


46 


61 


26 


86 


925 




880 

17,256 

2,305 


350 

12,041 

936 


178 

2.940 

275 


48 

1,239 

196 


9 

694 

26 


29 

2,038 

57 


24 
1.465 

52 


21 

1,412 
101 


2 

253 
2 


39 

2,000 

227 


530 




5,215 


Italy 


1,369 


Netherlands 


1.239 


616 


251 


147 


28 


65 


34 


20 


17 


54 


623 


Poland 


28,048 
2,169 


16,054 
782 


5,765 
51 


136 

33 


543 
18 


1,320 
37 


3.987 
182 


2,065 
181 


1.069 

84 


1.169 
196 


11,994 


Portugal 


1,387 


Romania 


3,444 


1.158 


457 


65 


43 


78 


127 


207 


5 


176 


2,286 


Soviet Union, former 


63,420 


11.012 


3,174 


466 


432 


699 


711 


2,917 


15 


2,598 


52,408 


Armenia 


3,984 


349 


73 


14 


30 


19 


40 


99 


- 


74 


3,635 


Azerbaijan 


2,844 


701 


103 


8 


23 


24 


34 


318 


- 


191 


2,143 


Belarus 


5,420 


813 


196 


14 


40 


51 


60 


225 


1 


226 


4,607 


Moldova 


2,260 


362 


84 


12 


21 


32 


25 


105 


- 


83 


1,898 


Russia 


15,249 


3,306 


1.299 


211 


114 


235 


141 


626 


5 


675 


11,943 


Ukraine 


21,010 


3,540 


907 


124 


152 


253 


277 


958 


4 


865 


17,470 


Uzbekistan 


3.435 


426 


88 


16 


22 


19 


23 


129 


- 


129 


3,009 


Other republics 


2.264 


420 


144 


26 


7 


22 


22 


105 


- 


94 


1,844 


Unknown republic . 


6.954 


1,095 


280 


41 


23 


44 


89 


352 


5 


261 


5,859 


Spain 


1,418 

1,140 

877 


517 
448 
450 


238 
177 
187 


77 
142 
113 


24 
15 
13 


51 

29 
38 


34 
17 
26 


27 
13 
13 


6 

2 
2 


60 
53 
58 


901 


Sweden 


692 


Switzerland 


427 


United Kingdom 


16,326 


8,290 


2.857 


2,028 


363 


872 


584 


396 


48 


1,142 


8,036 




3,405 
4,498 


1,346 
1,706 


454 
670 


90 

347 


37 
74 


72 
162 


119 
97 


264 
133 


40 
15 


270 
208 


2,059 


Other Europe 


2,792 


Asis 


292,589 


95,156 


30,280 


13,699 


4,371 


6,828 


5,511 


12,947 


6,442 


15,078 


197,433 


Afghanistan 


2,344 


416 


64 


26 


49 


32 


30 


73 


•7 


140 


1,928 


Bangladesh 


3,434 


667 


248 


57 


151 


37 


2 


34 


55 


83 


2,767 




938 

1.404 

53.985 


359 

383 
21,462 


94 

32 

7.272 


41 

11 

2,993 


35 

36 

729 


30 
16 

1,721 


40 
65 

676 


58 

96 

2,159 


1 

45 

2.248 


60 

82 
3,664 


579 


Cambodia 


1,021 


China. Mainland 


32,523 


Hong Kong 


7,731 

34,921 
1,367 

11,422 
6,025 
3.425 
6.093 
3.990 

16.011 
1.065 
5.089 
4.319 
1.480 
8.698 

53,535 

989 

2.426 

10.032 
5,489 


3.058 
11.228 

514 
3.076 
1.808 
1.268 
2,083 
1,185 
3.622 

260 

552 
1,523 

734 

2,325 

17.664 

466 

692 
3.948 

854 


872 

6,202 
158 

1,027 
215 
500 
558 
289 

1,476 

71 

23 

451 

287 

787 

6,368 
207 
254 

1,636 
196 


969 

1,786 

117 

560 

73 

212 

668 

179 

676 

44 

7 

241 

175 

548 

2,416 

95 

93 

1,273 

78 


125 
386 

30 
302 

77 
108 
107 
107 
139 

23 

5 

136 

30 

98 
539 

21 

44 
165 
160 


580 
747 

70 
249 

34 

98 
268 

62 
416 

25 

7 

114 

87 

87 
1,103 

53 

43 
506 

87 


174 

192 
19 

288 
81 

109 
23 
80 

148 
11 
50 

192 

26 

22 

1,043 

16 

101 
37 
44 


92 

155 

24 

203 

883 

72 

31 

220 

262 

29 

336 

124 

8 

49 

1,408 

8 

47 

57 

43 


2 

914 

2 

29 

7 

8 

14 
55 
57 

1 
44 
27 

1 

175 

1.445 

5 
18 
43 
45 


244 

846 

94 

418 

438 

161 

414 

193 

448 

56 

80 

238 

120 

559 

3,342 

61 

92 

231 

201 


4,673 


India 


23,693 


Indonesia 


853 


Iran 


8,346 




4,217 




2,157 




4,010 




2,805 




12,389 




805 


Laos 


4,537 




2,796 


Malaysia 


746 


Pakistan 


6,373 


Philippines 


35,871 




523 


- Syria 


1,734 




6,084 


Thailand 


4,635 


Turkey 


1,840 


661 


226 


98 


52 


46 


69 


43 


11 


116 


1,179 


Vietnam 


41,345 


13.449 


474 


98 


680 


218 


1,949 


6,248 


1.177 


2,605 


27,896 


Other Asia 


3,192 


899 


293 


165 


37 


92 


24 


185 


11 


92 


2,293 



See footnotes at end of table. 



68 



TABLE 21. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY MAJOR OCCUPATION GROUP AND REGION 

AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 
FISCAL YEAR 1994— Continued 



Region and country 
of birth 



Total 



Occupation 



Total 



Profes- 
sional 

specialty 
and tech- 
nical 



Executive, 
adinini- 
strative, 

and man- 
agerial 



Sales 



Admini- 
strative 
support 



Precision 
produc- 
tion, craft, 
and repair 



Operator, 

fabricator, 

and 

laborer 



Farming, 
forestry, 

and 
fishing 



Service 



Africa 

Cape Verde .. 

Egypt 

Ethiopia 

Ghana 

Kenya 

Liberia 

Morocco 

Nigeria 

Sierra Leone 

Somalia 

South Africa 
Other Africa . 



Oceania 

Australia 

Fiji 

New Zealand ... 
Other Oceania . 



North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Barbados 

Cuba 

Dominican Rep. 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

Trinidad & 
Tobago 

Other Caribbean 
Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

Other N. America 



South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Paraguay 

Peru 

Venezuela 

Others. America . 

Unknown or not rep. 



26,712 
810 
3,392 
4,355 
1,458 
1,017 
1,762 
1,074 
3,950 
698 
1,737 
2,144 
4,315 

4,592 

2,049 

1,007 

918 

618 

272,226 

16,068 

111,398 

104,804 

897 

14,727 

51,189 

13,333 

14,349 

6,292 
4,017 

39,908 

772 

1,205 

17,644 
7,389 
5,265 
5,255 
2,378 
48 

47,377 
2,318 
1,404 
4,491 
1,640 

10,847 
5,906 
7,662 
789 
9,177 
2,427 
716 



) 0,168 

172 

1,336 

1,425 

563 

434 

524 

475 

1,778 

248 

445 

953 

1,815 

2,154 

1,029 
452 
491 
182 

101,188 

6.850 

41,682 

37,261 

353 

5,640 
17,770 

3,607 

6,032 

2,247 

1,612 

15,369 

284 

364 

7,612 

2,599 

1,720 

2,158 

632 

26 

16,488 

1,007 

484 

1,611 

528 

3,925 

2,098 

2,317 

124 

3,388 

712 

294 



3,284 

21 
599 
149 
159 
153 
133 

79 
847 

80 

21 
471 
572 

774 

494 
30 

222 
28 

9,910 

2,929 

843 

5,086 

66 

570 

2,247 

558 

838 

520 

287 

1,040 

51 
63 
158 
201 
189 
234 
144 
12 

3,269 

360 

90 

499 

162 

604 

222 

380 

27 

568 

288 

69 



1,262 

4 

260 

60 

36 

93 

37 

76 

145 

22 

18 

223 

288 

363 

223 
32 
96 
12 

4,178 

1,861 

428 

1,386 

35 
160 
640 
101 
191 

141 
118 
494 

16 

30 

43 

94 

106 

142 

63 

9 

1399 

163 

45 
258 

52 
194 

74 

195 

9 

217 

163 

29 



636 

5 

103 

122 

40 

17 

24 

38 

107 

16 

24 

35 

105 

85 

40 

27 

13 

5 

4,337 

358 

1,590 

1,761 

13 
249 
873 
337 
113 

124 
52 

627 

7 

12 

343 
69 
54 

110 

32 

1 

928 

63 

18 

48 

23 

156 

208 

92 

3 

262 

40 

15 



789 

7 
90 
77 
48 
71 
51 
31 
89 
24 
11 
101 
189 

221 

87 
63 
45 
26 

5,868 

558 
1,438 
2,922 

21 

479 

1,177 

265 

637 

223 
120 
949 

30 

26 

215 

172 

92 

254 

160 

1 

1,518 

129 

60 

114 

78 

168 

230 

319 

8 

321 

66 

25 



407 

20 
29 
43 
82 
16 
10 
33 
42 
14 
19 
30 
69 

148 

30 
59 
40 
19 

9,189 

262 
3,409 
4,542 

19 

523 

2,476 

949 

197 

233 
145 
975 

36 

25 

232 

248 

209 

207 

18 

I 

U96 

96 

57 

88 

44 

52 

346 

400 

20 

243 

12 

38 



1,506 

85 

72 
531 

38 

20 
112 

48 
128 

21 
238 

27 
186 

147 

47 
37 
26 
37 

39,736 

384 

22,069 

11,789 

27 

2,702 

7,710 

519 

364 

324 

143 

5,494 

39 

136 

2,609 

1,159 

740 

740 

71 

4,834 

82 

53 

169 

58 

2,373 

483 

450 

11 

1,022 

85 

48 



94 

2 

5 
5 

26 
2 
6 
5 

20 
1 



65 

14 

28 

3 

20 

7,058 

41 

4,738 

2,075 

2 

29 

1,272 

441 

278 

16 

37 

204 

10 

7 
57 
81 

27 
20 



326 

10 

1 
27 

7 

20 

58 

165 

4 
23 

3 



2,190 

28 
178 
438 
134 

62 
151 
165 
400 

70 
114 

62 
388 

351 

94 
176 
46 
35 

20,912 

457 
7.167 
7,700 

170 

928 
1,375 

437 
3,414 

666 

710 

5,586 

95 

65 

3,955 

575 

303 

451 

142 

2 

2,818 

104 

160 

408 

104 

358 

477 

316 

42 

732 

55 

62 

1 



Includes homemakers. students, unemployed or retired persons, and others not reporting or with an unknown occupation. 
- Represents zero. 



69 



TABLE 22. IMMIGRANT CONDITIONAL STATUS REMOVALS AND TERMINATIONS UNDER THE 
MARRIAGE FRAUD AMENDMENTS OF 1986 BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 

FISCAL YEAR 1994 



Country of birth 



Total cases 
processed 



Conditional 

status 
removals ' 



Status terminated * 



Total 



For cause ' 



Failure to 
show ' 



Failure to 
file' 



All countries 

Europe 

Austria 

Belgium 

Bulgaria 

Czechoslovakia 

Denmark 

Finland 

France 

Germany 

Greece 

Hungary 

Ireland 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Soviet Union 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

Afghanistan 

Bangladesh 

Burma 

China, Mainland 

Cyprus 

Hong Kong 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Iraq 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Kuwait 

Laos 

Lebanon 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Saudi Arabia 

Singapore 

Sri Lanka 

Syria 

Taiwan 

Thailand 

Turkey 

Vietnam 

Yemen 

Other Asia 

See footnotes at end of table. 

70 



96,033 

19,533 

214 
168 
95 
292 
299 
183 

1,046 

4,058 
530 
266 
702 
782 
449 
230 

1,284 
410 
402 

1,149 
519 
517 
294 

4,732 
681 
231 

33,442 

123 
176 
107 

3,036 

81 

757 

2,981 
217 

1,175 
256 

1,061 

1,747 

1,159 

2,784 
341 
189 

1,012 
477 

1,012 

10,501 

90 

185 

120 

557 

1,157 
772 
600 
505 
83 
181 



90,243 

17,833 

200 

154 
87 
275 
270 
167 
984 

3,344 
484 
255 
677 
734 
423 
207 

1,232 
396 
373 

1,102 
466 
475 
267 

4,383 
656 
222 

31,887 

114 
173 
106 

2,956 

79 

745 

2,883 
211 

1,128 
245 
996 

1,620 

1,088 

2,578 
321 
183 
955 
462 
959 
10,044 
82 
176 
114 
532 

1,114 
719 
561 
494 
77 
172 



4,998 

1,574 
12 
14 

8 

17 
29 
14 
60 
684 
37 
10 
22 
42 
25 
21 
41 
13 
26 
40 
47 
41 
21 
320 
22 

8 

1,270 

8 

1 

I 

65 

2 

7 

77 

5 

41 

9 

56 

122 

65 

161 

19 

4 

51 

15 

35 

347 

6 

8 

5 

22 

34 

48 

35 

9 

3 

9 



717 
77 



1 
1 
3 

10 
10 

3 
3 
1 
2 
5 
3 
5 
9 

4 

I 

II 

4 
1 

205 

2 
I 

II 

I 

26 

I 

II 

1 

9 

5 

21 

7 

9 



1 
5 

59 
I 
1 

3 
5 
8 
6 
2 



511 

122 

1 

3 
I 

5 
3 

6 

29 

4 

3 
6 
4 
2 
5 

1 
6 

4 
4 
2 
30 
2 
1 

104 



4 
I 

5 

4 
12 

5 
14 

2 



3 
21 



3,770 

1,375 
11 
11 

7 
12 
25 
13 
51 
645 
23 
10 
16 
33 
20 
17 
31 
10 
20 
25 
43 
33 
18 
279 
16 

6 

961 

6 



50 

2 

6 

47 

3 

25 

8 

43 

105 

39 

140 

8 

4 

35 

14 

27 

267 

5 

7 

4 

13 

28 

33 

26 

7 

2 

7 



TABLE 22. IMMIGRANT CONDITIONAL STATUS REMOVALS AND TERMINATIONS UNDER THE 
MARRL\GE FRAUD AMENDMENTS OF 1986 BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 

FISCAL YEAR 1994— Continued 



Country of birth 



Total cases 
processed 



Conditional 

status 
removals ' 



Status terminated ' 



Total 



For cause ' 



Failure to 
show ' 



Failure to 
file' 



Africa 

Algeria 

Camaroon 

Cape Verde ... 
Cote d'lvoire . 

Egypt 

Ethiopia 

Ghana 

Kenya 

Liberia 

Morocco 

Nigeria 

Sierra Leone . 
South Africa . 

Sudan 

Other Africa .. 



Oceania 

Australia 

Fiji 

New 2fealand ... 
Other Oceania . 



North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Bahamas, The 

Barbados 

Dominica 

Dominican Republic 

Grenada 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

St. Lucia 

St. Vincent & Grenadines 

Trinidad & Tobago 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

Other North America 



South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Peru 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Other South America 

Unknown or not reported 



6,146 

126 
120 
179 
175 
851 
359 
301 
240 
162 
809 
1,395 
230 
355 
141 
703 

1363 

758 
106 
370 
129 

27329 
3,444 
9,651 

10,163 

165 

214 

85 

5,156 
116 
382 

2,215 
85 
86 

1,307 
352 

4,062 
112 
374 
772 
634 
863 
546 
761 
9 

8,196 

480 
173 

1,423 
383 

2,129 
801 
589 

1,413 
115 
580 
110 

24 



5,779 
124 
108 
166 
166 
792 
342 
291 
220 
142 
779 

1,305 
211 
335 
133 
665 

1,220 

666 
98 

342 
114 

25,737 

3,218 

9,037 

9,716 

153 

207 

81 

4,908 

113 

363 

2,119 

80 

84 

1,285 

323 

3,757 

101 

340 

724 

595 

801 

510 

686 

9 

7,784 

447 
159 

1,351 
363 

2,017 
761 
571 

1,349 
108 
554 
104 



306 

2 
11 
13 

8 
55 
10 

8 
15 
15 
27 
76 
15 
16 

7 
28 

131 

82 
8 

27 
14 

1,368 

196 

562 

361 

12 

7 

2 

191 

1 

13 

84 

4 

2 

19 

26 

249 

9 

29 

41 

35 

50 

31 

54 

334 

30 
10 
58 
17 
86 
35 
12 
56 

6 
21 

3 

15 



105 

3 

6 

3 

12 

2 
4 
6 
II 
12 
27 
10 



2 
1 

273 

9 

55 

172 
1 
4 

118 
1 
6 

32 
2 

5 

3 

37 

1 

4 
8 
4 
7 
7 
6 

52 
3 
2 
8 
3 

11 
6 
3 

13 
1 
2 



66 

2 
7 
4 
7 
3 
3 
3 
3 
7 
14 
5 
2 
2 
4 

10 



167 

15 

58 

70 

I 

I 

1 

42 



4 

1 

24 



5 
6 
6 

5 
2 

42 

3 
1 
8 
2 
6 
4 
2 
11 
2 
2 
1 



135 

2 
6 

1 
36 
5 
1 
6 
1 
8 
35 

14 
4 
16 

116 

74 

6 

23 

13 

928 

172 
449 
119 

10 

2 

1 
31 

5 
34 

2 

2 

10 

22 

188 

8 
25 
28 
25 
37 
19 
46 

240 

24 

7 
42 
12 
69 
25 

7 
32 

3 
17 

2 

15 



Refers to removals of conditions on permanent resident status, established by the Marriage Fraud Amendments of 1986, ' Refers to termination of conditional 

status, rendering the alien deportable. ' Includes aliens who naturalized, died, emigrated, or were misclassified as conditional immigrants. ' Refers to apphcations 

denied after an INS interview or because the alien was ineligible for removal of conditional status. ' Refers to aliens who applied for removal of conditional status 

but failed to appear for the interview. ' Refers to aliens who failed to apply for removal of conditional status. 

- Represents zero. 7 1 



II. REFUGEES 



The Immigration and Nationality Act, as amended by the 
Refugee Act of 1980, governs the admission of refugees 
into the United States. A refugee, as defined by the Act, is 
any person who is outside his or her country of nationality 
and is unable or unwilling to return to that country because 
of persecution or a well-founded fear of persecution. 
Claims of persecution must be based on race, religion, 
nationality, membership in a particular social group, or 
political opinion. Persons within their country of 
nationality may be treated as refugees, provided that the 
President, after consultation with Congress, declares that 
they are of special humanitarian concern to the United 
States. The definition of refugee set forth in the Refugee 
Act of 1980 conforms to the 1967 United Nations Protocol 
on Refugees. 

U.S. Refugee Policy 

At the beginning of each fiscal year, the President, after 
consultation with Congress to review the worldwide 
refugee situation, determines the number of refugees in 
need of resettlement who are of special humanitarian 
concern to the United States. The President then 
establishes the authorized number of admissions for that 
fiscal year. During the year, changes in the need for 
resettlement may require revisions in the overall limit on 
refugee admissions or reallocation among areas of the 
world. The admission ceiling of 121,000 for 1994 was 
established and later reallocated among the geographic 
regions as follows: 



Geographic 
region 



Initial 
ceilings 



Final 
ceilings 



7,000 

45,000 

53,000 

9,000 

6,000 

1,000 



Africa 7,000 

East Asia 45,000 

Eastern Europe / Soviet Union . 55,000 

Latin America / Caribbean 4,000 

Near East / South Asia 6,000 

Unallocated, funded 3,000 

Unallocated, unfunded 1,000 

- Represents zero. 



The authorized admission levels set the maximum number 
of refugees allowed to enter the United States in a fiscal 
year for each of the geographic areas of chargeability. The 
.authorized ceiling was lowered from 132,000 in 1993 to 
121,000 in 1994. An unallocated funded reserve of 3,000 
was placed in the 1994 ceiling to allow for small increases 
in one or more areas as needed without subtracting places 
from other areas. The unfunded reserve was established in 
1987 so that additional refugees could be admitted with 



private sector funding. Cubans have been the major group 
admitted with private funding, but this program has also 
been used for small numbers of refugees from other 
countries. No refugees were admitted in 1994 under the 
privately funded program. The ceiling for East Asia 
includes certain Vietnamese Amerasians, who enter the 
country on immigrant visas. These aliens are immigrants 
rather than refugees; however, they are included in the 
ceiling since they are eligible for refugee benefits in the 
United States. A total of 2,822 Amerasians and their 
family members entered the United States in 1994. They 
are not included in the refugee tables in the Statistical 
Yearbook, but statistics on them appear in the immigrant 
tables. The Amerasian program is ending, since most of 
the eligible persons have already been identified and have 
entered the United States. 

During 1994 refugees were processed and approved for 
admission to the United States by officers in twelve of the 
Service's eighteen overseas offices. To qualify for 
admission to the United States as a refugee, each applicant 
must meet all of the following criteria: be a refugee as set 
forth in the Refugee Act of 1980; be among the types of 
refugees determined to be of special humanitarian concern 
to the United States; be admissible under the Immigration 
and Nationality Act; and not be firmly resettled in any 
foreign country. Spouses and minor children of qualifying 
refugees also enter the United States as refugees, either 
accompanying or following to join the principal refugee. 
Occasionally these family members gain refugee status 
after arriving in the United States; this was the case with 
277 people in 1994. 

Under the Refugee Act of 1980, refugees are eligible to 
adjust to lawful permanent resident status after one year of 
residence in the United States and are exempt from the 
worldwide annual limitation. When they adjust status, 
their date of admission is recorded as their date of entry as 
a refugee, so that the length of time spent in refugee status 
is counted toward the residency requirement for 
naturalization purposes. 

Beginning in 1990, the administrative processing of 
refugee applicants residing in the Soviet Union was 
shifted to the United States, and the application procedure 
was changed. This created a discontinuity with prior data 
on refugee applications. Applicants from the former 
Soviet Union are required to submit an initial 
questionnaire to the State Department's Washington 
Processing Center (WPC) in Rosslyn, Virginia. The WPC 
establishes interview priority for applications based on 
information supplied on the initial questionnaires and 
schedules interviews in Moscow. On the day of their 
interview, the applicants submit completed applications to 
Service officers in Moscow. Since 1990, those 



72 



Chart F 
Refugee and Asylee Initial Admissions and Admissions to Lawful Permanent Resident Status: 

Fiscal Years 1946-94 

Thousands 
350 -I 



300 - 



250 - 



200 - 



150 - 



100 - 



50- 



Initial admissions 

Admissions to lawful permanent resident status 




1946 1950 



1955 



1960 



1965 



1970 



1975 



1980 



1985 



1990 



1994 



Major refugee programs 



1949-53 


Displaced Persons Act 


1978-84 


Indochinese Refugee 


3/75-3/80 


1954-57 


Refugee Relief Act 




Adjustment Act 


1980 


11/56-7/58 


Hungarians paroled 


2/70-3/80 


Refugee-Parolees admitted 


4/80 


1959 


Hungarian adjustments began 


1/59-3/80 


Cubans paroled 


1981 


1966-80 


Refugee conditional entrants 


1967 


Cuban adjustments began 


4/80-10/80 
1985-87 



Indochinese refugees paroled 
Refugee-Parolee adjustments began 
Refugee Act admissions began 
Refugee Act adjustments began 
Mariel boatlift 
Mariel adjustments 



NOTE; For the period 1946-56. admissions to lawful permanent resident status and initial admissions were the same. See Glossary for fiscal year definitions. 



applications have been counted as filed on the interview 
date. The 45,825 applications pending in Moscow at the 
end of fiscal year 1989 were administratively closed and 
forwarded to the WPC to receive a priority and interview 
date; therefore, the count of pending applications declined 
by this number between 1989 and 1990. The 45,825 
applications were added to the pool of initial 
questionnaires submitted to the WPC beginning in 1990. 

The number of initial questionnaires received at the WPC 
provides only a rough indication of the potential number of 
applications, because a questionnaire may include more 
than one person, and some people submit duplicate 
questionnaires. Many questionnaires never result in formal 
applications for refugee status because they greatly exceed 
the yearly admissions allocated for the former Soviet 
Union. During fiscal year 1994, the WPC received 55,880 
questionnaires and scheduled 53,651 persons for 



interviews in Moscow. About 15 percent of the potential 
applicants did not appear for their interviews. Applicants 
from the former Soviet Union who were elsewhere at the 
start of fiscal year 1990 are still allowed to submit 
applications for refugee status directly to other refugee 
processing posts. Only 106 Soviet applications were filed 
outside of Moscow in 1994, including 66 close relatives 
who received refugee status in the United States. 

Data Overview 

The United States first recognized refugees for entry into 
the country in fiscal year 1946. After that time many 
different refugee programs were enacted on an ad hoc 
basis, including the Displaced Persons Act and the Cuban 
and Indochinese Refugee Adjustment Acts. During the 
first decade of refugee programs, virtually all refugees 
entered the United States as immigrants. Since 1957, most 



73 



Table E 
Refugee Status Applications Filed and Approved and Refugees Admitted by Selected Nationality: 

Fiscal Year 1994 



Nationality 



Refugee applications 


Refugee applications 


filed 


approved 


142,068 


105,137 


54,802 


34,427 


42,205 


39,887 


10,400 


1,436 


9,963 


8,790 


6,690 


6,009 


6,218 


6,131 


5,430 


3,465 


1,624 


1,025 


1,496 


1,072 


1,196 


1,229 


2.044 


1,666 



Refugee arrivals 



Total 

Vietnam 

Soviet Union (former) 

Haiti 

Bosnia-Herzegovina ... 
Iraq 

Laos 

Somalia 

Iran 

Cuba 

Sudan 

Other 



114,471 

33,204 

44,095 

3,674 

5,991 ' 

4,900 

5,999 
3,508 
954 
2,904 
1,253 
7,989 



' This figure is understated; Bosnia-Herzegovina was not coded in the first quarter of fiscal year 1994. 
Source: Tables 24 and 26. 



refugees either have been paroled into the United States 
under special authority granted to the Attorney General by 
the Immigration and Nationality Act, or have entered in 
refugee status, to be adjusted to immigrant status at a later 
date. Chart F depicts initial refugee admissions and 
admissions to lawful permanent resident status for the 
period 1946-94. This graph demonstrates the time lag 
between initial admission and adjustment to immigrant 
status. At the onset of parole programs there generally 
were no mechanisms for adjustment to permanent status, 
thus creating a recurring need for special legislation. The 
Refugee Act of 1980 corrected this situation by providing 
for routine adjustment of status by refugees one year after 
arrival. 

The number of applications for refugee status filed with INS 
increased by 11 percent from 1993 (127,676) to 1994 
(142,068). The leading countries of chargeability of the 
applicants were Vietnam with 39 percent of the applications, 
followed by the former Soviet Union (30 percent), Haiti (7 
percent), and Bosnia-Herzegovina (7 percent). In 1994 the 
number of applications filed by Vietnamese increased by 
half over 1993 levels, while the number filed by former 
Soviet citizens dropped by 21 percent. Bosnia-Herzegovina 
and Sudan appeared for the first time among the top ten 
countries of applicants (Table E). 

The number of refugees approved for admission to the 
United States declined slightly from 106,026 in 1993 to 
105,137 in 1994. The leading countries of chargeability 
were the former Soviet Union with 39,887 approvals, 



Vietnam with 34,427, and Bosnia-Herzegovina with 8,790 
(Table E). These three countries accounted for 79 percent 
of all approvals in 1994. The number approved from the 
former Soviet Union dropped for the second straight year, 
following the downward trend in applications. The 
number approved from Vietnam continued an upward trend 
in 1994, although the percentage of successful applications 
declined. 

Refugee figures include spouses and children who are 
being cleared to join principal refugees already in the 
United States, and they count against the annual ceiling. 
Because of these family reunification cases, the data 
continue to show refugees being approved and arriving for 
some time after active refugee processing has ended for 
nationals of certain countries. Most of the refugees from 
Eastern Europe in fiscal year 1994, other than from 
Bosnia-Herzegovina, were family reunification cases, and 
most of the caseload from Afghanistan and Ethiopia also 
falls into this category. 



More than 114,000 refugees arrived in 
the United States during 1994. 

Refugee arrivals into the United States rose slightly to 
114,471 in 1994 from the 1993 level of 113,152. The two 
leading nationalities were the Soviet Union with 44,095 
and Vietnam with 33,204, comprising two-thirds of the 
total refugee arrivals for 1994 (Table E). A drop in arrivals 



74 



from the former Soviet Union of more than 5,000 was 
partially offset by a rise in arrivals of more than 2,000 
from Vietnam. 

The number of refugees adjusting to lawful permanent 
resident status was almost unchanged from 1993 (115,539) 
to 1994 (1 15,451). The leading countries of birth for these 
refugees were the former Soviet Union (50,318), Vietnam 
(27,311), Cuba (11,729), Laos (4,423), and Iraq (4,326). 
These five countries accounted for 85 percent of all refugee 
adjustments. The totals for the top three countries are 
similar to those observed in 1994. The number of refugees 
adjusting status from the former Soviet Union increased by 
about 5,000 from the 1993 total, while the number of 
Cubans increased only slightly above the 1993 level of 
11,083. The number of refugees adjusting status from 
Vietnam declined by about 3,000 from the total in 1993. 

In order to adjust to lawful permanent resident status, a 
refugee must reside in the United States for one year in 
refugee status. For all refugees who adjusted status in 
1994, the median length of residence in the United States 
was 1.4 years. This analysis and others indicate that 
refugees tend to adjust soon after they become eligible. 
Nearly 84 percent of the 1994 refugee adjustment cohort 
entered the United States in 1992-93. An analysis based 
on arrival-year cohorts indicates that in recent years more 
than one-fourth of the refugee arrivals have adjusted their 
status as soon as they complete their first year in the 
country. By the end of their second year, at least 83 
percent have completed the process, and 93 percent have 
done so by the end of their third year. 

The leading states of residence for refugees (and asylees) 
adjusting status in 1994 were California (29,284), New 
York (20,846), Florida (14,108), Washington (6,330), 
Texas (4,576), and Illinois (4,122). These six states 
accounted for 65 percent of all refugee and asylee 
adjustments. More than 24 percent of all refugees and 
asylees who adjusted status in 1994 live in California, a 
reduction from the 31 percent observed in 1993. The 
leading metropolitan areas of residence for these refugees 
and asylees were New York (18,807), Miami (10,995), Los 
Angeles-Long Beach (7,895), Seattle (4,115), Chicago 
(3,981), and San Jose, CA (3,900). 

Data Collection 

The Immigration and Naturalization Service collects data 
on refugees at three points during processing; when they 



apply for refugee status abroad, when they are admitted to 
the United States, and when they adjust to lawful 
permanent resident status. The INS overseas offices 
collect data on applicants for refugee status. Each office 
completes INS Form G-319, Report of Applicants for 
Refugee Status under Section 207, which reports refugee 
casework by the country to which each applicant is 
chargeable. 

Since 1987, INS data on refugee admissions have been 
collected through the Nonimmigrant Information System 
(NIIS). The system compiles refugee admissions by 
country of citizenship on a monthly basis from INS Form 
1-94, Arrival/Departure Record (see Non-immigrants 
section). Since NIIS records each entry of a person with 
nonimmigrant status, a refugee traveling abroad and 
returning to the United States may be counted more than 
once during the fiscal year. As a result, the data on 
refugee admissions may overstate the number of initial 
admissions of refugees for a fiscal year. The admission 
data also include spouses and children coming to join 
family members who were granted asylum status. A 
comparison of NIIS data to data collected by other 
agencies shows that for 1994 approximately five percent 
of the total refugee arrivals recorded by the INS were not 
initial admissions, but were refugees returning to the 
United States or relatives joining political asylees. 

Both the Bureau for Refugee Programs (Department of 
State) and the Office of Refugee Resettlement 
(Department of Health and Human Services) collect data 
on refugees admitted to the United States. The Bureau for 
Refugee Programs collects data through the 
Intergovernmental Organization for Migration, which is 
the agency responsible for arranging the transportation of 
refugees to the United States. The Office of Refugee 
Resettlement, which is responsible for the disbursement of 
funds for refugee benefits, collects detailed data on the 
characteristics of refugees initially admitted to the United 
States. 

The Immigration and Naturalization Service collects data 
on refugees adjusting to lawful permanent resident status 
as part of its immigrant data series gathered by the 
Immigrant Data Capture System (IMDAC). The data 
collected include demographic variables as well as 
immigration-oriented variables (see Immigrants section). 
This is the only stage in the refugee process where the INS 
collects detailed information about the characteristics of 
refugees in the United States. 



75 



III. ASYLEES 



The Refugee Act of 1980 regulates U.S. asylum policy in 
addition to governing refugee procedures. The Act, for the 
first time, established a statutory basis for granting asylum 
in the United States consistent with the 1967 United 
Nations Protocol on Refugees. An asylee must meet the 
same criteria as a refugee. The only difference is the 
location of the alien upon application; the potential asylee 
is in the United States or at a port of entry, and the 
potential refugee is outside the United States. 

U.S. Asylum Policy 

Any alien physically present in the United States or at a 
port of entry may request asylum in the United States. 
According to the Refugee Act, current immigration status, 
whether legal or illegal, is not relevant to an applicant's 
asylum claim. An alien may apply for asylum in one of 
two ways: with an INS asylum officer, or, if apprehended, 
with an immigration judge as part of a deportation or 
exclusion hearing. The data reported in this section 
pertain only to asylum cases filed with INS asylum 
officers. 



over the adjudication of asylum claims on April 2, 1991. 
The AOC was administered from seven sites: Los 
Angeles, San Francisco, Chicago, Newark, Arlington 
(Virginia), Miami, and Houston. At year's end the AOC 
was preparing to open an eighth office in New York City. 
Applicants who do not live near these locations may be 
interviewed at INS offices by asylum officers who are 
visiting during circuit rides. 

In March, 1994 the INS published proposed regulations 
designed to streamline the asylum decision process, 
discourage the filing of frivolous claims, and integrate the 
work of the AOC with the work of the immigration judges 
in the case of claims that do not appear to meet the 
standards for granting asylum. The plan also called for a 
doubling of the AOC in 1995. The final asylum reform 
regulations were published in December, 1994 for 
implementation in January, 1995. 



More than 146,000 asylum 

applications were filed in 

the United States during 1994. 



The asylum procedures in effect during fiscal year 1994 
require that an INS officer interview each applicant and 
consult with the Bureau of Human Rights and 
Humanitarian Affairs (Department of State) for an 
advisory opinion on every asylum case. No limits are set 
by law on the number of individuals who may be granted 
asylum in the United States in a fiscal year. An alien 
denied asylum by the INS may appeal the denial to an 
immigration judge during deportation or exclusion 
proceedings. 

Under immigration law, an approved asylee must reside in 
the United States for one year following his or her 
approval to be eligible to apply for adjustment to lawful 
permanent resident status. One year of the asylee's 
residence prior to adjustment is counted toward the 
naturalization residency requirement. Although asylee 
adjustments are exempt from the worldwide annual 
limitation of 366,000 immigrants, the law places a ceiling 
on the number of asylees who may adjust each year. The 
Immigration Act of 1990 increased the ceiling from 5,000 
to 10,000 per year, effective in fiscal year 1991. It also 
waived the annual ceiling beginning in fiscal year 1991 to 
accommodate the backlog of asylees who had met the 
required one-year waiting period and filed for adjustment 
of status on or before June 1, 1990. 

Fiscal year 1994 represented the third full fiscal year of 
operation of the Asylum Officer Corps (AOC), which took 



Data Overview 

The yearly number of asylum applications filed with the 
INS has fluctuated greatly since the effective date of the 
Refugee Act of 1980, as shown in Chart G. In fiscal year 
1994, 146,468 asylum cases were filed or reopened. This 
was a record high number for the third straight year, 
although only a slight increase over the 1993 total of 
144,166. Central Americans continued to account for a 
large proportion of the new claims, as shown in Table F. 
More than 34,000 new claims were filed by Guatemalans 
and more than 18,000 by Salvadoreans; these two 
countries generated the most asylum claims. China ranked 
third, with more than 10,000 new claims, and Haiti and 
Mexico accounted for more than 9,000 each. 

During fiscal year 1994, the Asylum Officer Corps 
completed work on 53,399 claims, an increase of 56 
percent over the 34,228 cases completed in fiscal year 
1993. The number of cases granted was 8,131, 
representing 22.0 percent of the cases adjudicated. These 
cases encompassed 11,764 persons given asylum, a record 
high number. In fiscal year 1993, 5,012 asylum cases were 
granted, which was 21.8 percent of the adjudicated cases. 
In 1994, 5,983 asylees adjusted to lawful permanent 
resident status. This number represents a decline of nearly 
50 percent from the 11,804 asylees who became 
permanent resident aliens in fiscal year 1993. The backlog 
of registered asylees waiting to adjust status had 



76 



Chart G 

Asylum Applications Filed with the INS: 

Fiscal Years 1973-94 

Thousands 
1501 



125- 



100 



75 



50 



25 



J 

41 



A 

il 







1973 1975 1977 1979 1981 1983 1985 1987 1989 1991 1993 

NOTE: See Glossary for fiscal year definitions. 



disappeared by the end of fiscal year 1993, and the ceiHng 
of 10,000 was sufficient to accommodate all who applied 
during fiscal year 1994. Because more than 10,000 
persons received asylum in fiscal year 1994, the ceiling 
may be reached again in fiscal year 1995. The largest 
group of asylees who adjusted status in 1994 was 912 
Nicaraguans, followed by 721 Chinese. No other 
nationality accounted for as many as 500 asylees adjusting 
status. 



Through 1994, approximately 94,000 individuals have 
been granted asylum by INS under the provisions of the 
Refugee Act of 1980. During the same period, 94,764 
asylees have adjusted to permanent resident status. The 
number adjusting status exceeds the number known to 
have been granted asylum by INS because other 
applications were granted by immigration judges as well 
as by the Board of Immigration Appeals. In addition, 
persons whose asylum applications are successful can 
apply for their spouses and children to join them from 
abroad, and these immediate relatives also adjust status as 
asylees. 

Data Collection 

Prior to April 1, 1991, the data on asylum applicants 
reflect cases filed with INS district directors; and 
subsequently, cases filed with INS asylum officers on 
Form 1-589 (Request for Asylum in the United States). A 
centralized, automated data system (RAPS, for Refugees, 
Asylum and Parole System) has been developed to support 
the processing of the existing caseload and new asylum 
applications. The system is designed to support case 
tracking, schedule and control interviews, and generate 
management and statistical reports. The system is capable 
of reporting asylum casework according to the nationality 
and other characteristics of asylum applicants. In addition 
to cases granted and denied, the number of individuals 
covered by those cases can be tallied, since one case may 
cover more than one person. Data on asylum applicants 
have been collected by the INS for selected nationalities 
since July 1980, and since June 1983 for all nationalities. 

As with refugees, the Immigration and Naturalization 
Service collects data on asylees adjusting to lawful 
permanent resident status in the Immigrant Data Capture 
System (EMDAC) (see Immigrants section). Adjustment 
to immigrant status has been the only point at which 
detailed characteristics of asylees were collected in past 
years. The RAPS system is now able to provide data on 
selected characteristics of asylees at an earlier time. 



Table F 
Asylum Applications Filed with the INS by Central Americans: Fiscal Years 1988-94 



Area of citizenship 



1988 



1989 



1990 



1991 



1992 



1993 



1994 



Central America 50,258 

Nicaragua 16,170 

El Salvador 27 048 

Guatemala 6,384 

Other 656 



87,564 


54,379 


28,114 


53,966 


54,898 


62,310 


35,431 


18,304 


2,219 


2,075 


3,180 


4,682 


29,680 


22,271 


10,244 


6,781 


14,616 


18,600 


15,521 


12,234 


14,774 


43,915 


34,198 


34,433 


6,932 


1,570 


877 


1,195 


2,904 


4,595 



77 



Limitations of Data 

The figures shown here for fiscal year 1994 differ slightly 
from preliminary statistics that were released by the 
Asylum Division in October 1994. The data presented 
here were tabulated from the RAPS system several months 
after the close of the fiscal year and incorporate late 
additions and corrections to the data base. About 4,600 
cases that were entered into the RAPS system during fiscal 
year 1994 had filing dates in fiscal year 1993; they were 
treated as new cases in these tabulations. Other corrections 
resulted in a drop from 333,647 to 331,389 in the pending 
caseload as reported at the close of fiscal year 1 993 and at 
the beginning of fiscal year 1994. Another change 
between 1993 and 1994 concerns the identification of 
applicants from the former Soviet Union. Their records 
are being receded in the system to one of the succeeding 
republics, so the pending number of cases from the "Soviet 
Union" dropped and the numbers for Russia, Ukraine, and 
others increased. 



The tabulation for fiscal year 1994 contains a column 
showing the number of applications that were reopened 
during the year. Most of these are cases that were closed 
without a decision at an earlier time. The number of 
asylum applications filed is considered to be the sum of the 
new applications received and the applications reopened 
during the year. 

Data on applicants for asylum collected by the 
Immigration and Naturalization Service historically have 
covered only cases filed with the INS. Information has not 
been available on cases filed by apprehended aliens or 
cases denied by the INS and renewed with immigration 
judges, who are part of the Executive Office for 
Immigration Review in the Department of Justice. 
However, the data collected by the INS at the time asylees 
adjust to permanent resident status include aliens 
previously granted asylum by either the INS or the 
immigration judges, as well as the asylees' spouses and 
children. 



78 



TABLE 23. REFUGEE-STATUS APPLICATIONS: FISCAL YEARS 1980-94 



Year 


Applications 

pending 

beginning of year 


Applications 

filed during 

year 


Applications 

approved 

during year 


Applications 

denied during 

year 


Applications 

otherwise closed 

during year 


Applications 

pending 
end of year 


1980 (April-Sept.).. 

1981 


16.642 
14,957 
18,619 
11,668 
7,801 
12,681 
13,707 
15,895 
20,152 
27,441 
39,524 
20,369 
18,238 
15,028 
15,582 


95,241 

178,273 

76,150 

92,522 

99,636 

80,734 

67,310 

85,823 

105,024 

190,597 

135,251 

123,492 

133,786 

127,676 

142,068 


89,580 

155,291 

61,527 

73,645 

77,932 

59,436 

52,081 

61,529 

80,282 

95,505 

99,697 

107,962 

115,330 

106,026 

105,137 


6,149 
15,322 
14,943 
20,255 
16,220 
18,430 

9,679 
13,911 
11,821 
33,179 
29,805 
12,644 
14,886 
20,280 
20,557 


1,197 
3,998 
6,631 

2,489 
604 
1,842 
3,362 
6,126 
5,632 
4,005 

24,904 
5,700 
6,780 
5,107 

19,485 


14,957 
18,619 


1982 


1 1 ,668 


1983 


7,801 


1984 


12,681 


1985 


13,707 


1986 


15,895 


1987 


20,152 


1988 


27,441 


1989 


85,349 


1990 


20,369 


1991 


17,555 


1992 


15,028 


1993 


11 291 


1994 


12 471 







NOTE: The Refugee Act of 1980 went into effect April 1. 1980. The pending beginning of fiscal year 1990 does not match the pending end of fiscal year 1989 due 
to changes in the processing of Soviet refugees residing inside the Soviet Union. The figures beginning fiscal year 1990 exclude the initial questionnaires submitted 
by refugee applicants residing in the former Soviet Union. Changes in the number of applications pending from 1991 to 1992 and 1993 to 1994 are due to revisions 
in the data from reporting offices. 



TABLE 24. REFUGEE-STATUS APPLICATIONS BY GEOGRAPHIC AREA AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CHARGEABILITY 

FISCAL YEAR 1994 



Geographic area 
and country of 
chargeability 



Applications 

pending 

beginning of year 



Applications 

filed during 

year 



Applications 

approved 

during year 



Applications 

denied during 

year 



Applications 

otherwise closed 

during year 



Applications 

pending 
end of year 



All countries 

Africa 

Angola 

Ethiopia 

Liberia 

Rwanda 

Somalia 

Sudan 

Uganda 

Zaire 

Other Africa 

East Asia 

Burma 

Laos 

Vietnam 

Other East Asia 

Eastern Europe and 
Soviet Union .. 

Albania 

Bosnia-Herzegovena 

Bulgaria 

Czechoslovakia .... 

Poland 

Romania 

Soviet Union ' 

Other Eastern Europe 
Latin America 

Cuba 

Haiti 

Nicaragua 

Near East 

Afghanistan 

Iran 

Iraq 

Other Near East .... 
Not reported 



15,582 

6,372 

13 

515 

413 

5 

4,398 

763 

40 

178 

47 

106 

1 

104 

I 

2,445 

161 

974 

30 

22 

338 

360 

549 

II 

3,375 

41 

3,330 

4 

3,284 

96 

474 

2,707 

7 



142,068 
7,891 

26 

250 

833 

85 

5,430 

1,196 

6 

63 

2 

61,202 

173 

6,218 

54,802 

9 

52,367 

116 

9,963 

2 

22 

58 

42,205 

1 

11,901 

1,496 

10,400 

5 

8,645 

327 

1,624 

6,690 

4 

62 



105,137 

5,748 

333 

609 

30 

3,465 

1,229 

1 

75 

6 

40,639 

76 

6,131 

34,427 

5 

48,963 

171 

8,790 

5 

5 

31 

72 

39,887 

2 

2,513 

1,072 

1,436 

5 

7,229 

192 

1,025 

6,009 

3 

45 



20,557 
2,871 

26 

522 

8 

2,163 

138 

3 

10 

I 

5,901 

97 

87 

5,714 

3 

2,037 

39 
489 



1,507 

7,042 

424 

6,617 

1 

2,706 

159 

631 

1,915 

1 



19,485 
1,473 

41 

94 

5 

1,064 

238 

3 

22 

6 

14,636 



14,636 



1,470 

30 
644 



10 
783 

1,524 

1,524 

365 

7 
113 

245 

17 



12,471 
4,171 

39 
365 

21 

47 

3,136 

354 

39 
134 

36 
132 

1 

129 

2 

2,342 

37 

1,014 

25 

16 

329 

334 

577 

10 

4,197 

41 

4,153 

3 

1,629 

65 

329 

1,228 

7 



The Washington Processing Center, which handles tlie administrative processing of potential applicants residing in the former Soviet Union, received 55,880 



pre-application questionnaires in fiscal year 1994. See the Refugee section of the text for further explanation. 



■ Represents zero. 



79 



TABLE 25. REFUGEE APPROVALS AND ADMISSIONS BY GEOGRAPHIC AREA OF CHARGEABILITY 

FISCAL YEARS 1987-94 



Geographic area of chargeability 



1987 



1988 



1989' 



1990' 



1991 



1992' 



1993' 



1994' 



Authorized admissions 

Africa 

East Asia 

Eastern Europe & Soviet Union 

Latin America & Caribbean 

Near East 

Unallocated Reserve 

Approvals 

Africa 

East Asia 

Eastern Europe & Soviet Union 

Latin America & Caribbean 

Near East 

Not reported 

Admissions ' 

Africa 

East Asia 

Eastern Europe & Soviet Union 

Latin America & Caribbean 

Near East 

Unknown 



70,000 

2,000 
40,500 
12,300 

1,000 

10,200 

X 

61,529 

1,974 

37,082 

12,290 

99 

10,084 



66,803 

2,068 
40,046 
12,450 

902 
10,619 

718 



87,500 

3,000 
38,000 
30,000 
3,500 
9,000 
4,000 

80,282 

1,304 

41,450 

26,645 

2,452 

8,431 



80,382 

1,708 

35,160 

28,906 

4,319 

9,486 

803 



104,500 

2,000 
38,000 
50,000 
3,500 
7,000 
4,000 

95,505 

1,825 

35,196 

48,620 

2,848 

7,016 



101,072 

1,998 

36,989 

48,416 

5,033 

7,699 

937 



110,000 

3,500 
36,800 
58,300 
2,400 
6,000 
4,000 

99,697 

3,318 

30,613 

58,951 

1,863 

4,952 



110,197 

3,585 

37,192 

57,081 

5,786 

5,636 

917 



116,000 

4,900 

38,500 

53,500 

3,100 

6,000 

10,000 

107,962 

4,430 

33,560 

62,582 

2,263 

5,127 



100,229 

4,564 

37,063 

46,726 

5,107 

5,895 

874 



123,500 

6,000 

33,500 

64,000 

3,000 

6,000 

11,000 

115,330 

5,667 

31,751 

68,131 

4,121 

5,660 



123,010 

6,152 

36,528 

65,230 

5,372 

8,824 

904 



116,000 

7,000 
36,000 
51,500 
3,500 
7,000 
11,000 

106,026 

6,813 

38,314 

52,090 

3,991 

4,818 



113,152 

7,098 
38,494 
50,844 
6,153 
7,847 
2,716 



117,500 

7,000 
41,500 
55,000 
4,000 
6,000 
4,000 

105,137 

5,748 

40,639 

48,963 

2,513 

7,229 

45 

114,471 

5,928 
39,787 
51,100 
9,011 
6,595 
2,050 



' The authorized admission levels for 1989. 1990. 1991, 1992, 1993 and 1994 were 116,500, 1^5,000. 131.000, 142.000. 132.000. and 121.000. respectively, 
including 12.000 Amerasians in 1989. 15.000 in both 1990 and 1991. 18,500 in 1992, 16.000 in 1993, *id 3,500 in 1994. Since Amerasians enter the United States on 
immigrant visas, they are not included as refugee arrivals in the INS' data. As a result, the authorized admission levels for 1989, 1990. 1991. 1992. 1993. and 1994 for 
East Asia have been reduced accordingly. 
^ Admissions may be higher than approvals because of the arrival of persons approved in previous years. 

NOTE: Beginning in 1987. refugee admission data were compiled through the Nonimmigrant Information System. Since the system collects all entries of persons 
with nonimmigrant visas, initial arrivals of refugees may be overstated. 

- Represents zero. X Not applicable. 



80 



TABLE 26. REFUGEE ARRIVALS INTO THE UNITED STATES BY SELECTED NATIONALITY 

FISCAL YEARS 1988-94 



Nationality 



1989 



1990 



1991 



1992 



1993 



1994 



All nationalities 

Afghanistan 

Albania 

Bosnia-Herzegovina 

Bulgaria 

Cambodia 

China' 

Cuba 

Czechoslovakia 

El Salvador 

Ethiopia 

Ghana 

Hungary 

Iran 

Iraq 

Laos 

Liberia 

Nicaragua 

Poland 

Romania 

Somalia 

South Africa 

Soviet Union 

Sudan 

Uganda 

Vietnam 

Yugoslavia 

Other 



80,382 

2,380 
74 

147 
2,802 

162 
3,006 

247 
60 

1,539 

17 

810 

6,920 

37 

14,561 

10 

1,155 

3,670 

2,953 

13 

35 

20,533 

33 

17,626 

400 

1,192 



101,072 

1,991 
44 

110 

2,110 

210 

3,742 
257 

74 
1,750 

12 

1,071 

5,466 

115 

12,779 

13 
1,053 
3,792 

3,369 

68 

22 

39,076 

6 

52 

21,865 

619 

1,406 



110,197 

1,835 
103 

352 
2,347 

133 
3,980 

246 

136 

3,255 

17 

295 

3,603 
73 

8,667 
11 

1,239 

1,883 

4,625 

52 

39 

49,385 

8 

31 

26,023 

130 

1,729 



100,229 

1,690 
1,354 

621 
183 
192 
3,910 
175 

110 

3,889 

35 

25 

2,833 

812 

9,212 

38 

883 

573 

4,803 

305 

17 

39,116 

31 

115 

27,441 

35 

1,831 



123,010 

1,841 
1,195 

152 

233 

1,229 

4,001 

36 

259 

2,981 

191 

18 

2,037 

3,466 

7,964 

899 

361 

249 

1,664 

1,690 

10 

61,714 

134 

92 

26,921 

123 

3,550 



113,152 

1,536 
484 

48 
156 
269 

3,205 
13 

1,006 

2,722 

II 

10 

1,302 

4,561 

6,853 

1,034 

346 

115 

382 

2,802 

14 

49,559 

229 

27 

30,920 

59 

5,489 



114,471 

222 

232 

5,991 

64 

86 

268 

2,904 

6 

524 

428 

24 

6 

954 

4,900 

5,999 

519 

216 

104 

267 

3,508 

5 

44,095 

1,253 

12 

33,204 

129 ■ 

8,551 



' Data for Mainland China and Taiwan are included in China. 
^ Excludes Bosnia-Herzegovina. 

NOTE: Beginning in 1987, refugee admissions data were compiled through the Nonimmigrant Information System. Since the system collects all entries of persons 
with nonimmigrant visas, initial arrivals of refugees may be overstated. 
- Represents zero. 



81 



TABLE 27. REFUGEES GRANTED LAWFUL PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUS IN FISCAL YEAR 1994 
BY CALENDAR YEAR OF ENTRY AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 



Region and country 
of birth 



Total 



1993 



1992 



1991 



1990 



1989 



1988 



1987 



Before 

1987 



All countries 

Europe 

Albania 

Estonia 

Latvia 

Lithuania 

Poland 

Romania 

Soviet Union 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

Afghanistan 

Cambodia 

China, Mainland 

Iran 

Iraq 

Laos 

Pakistan 

Thailand 

Vietnam 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Ethiopia 

Liberia 

Somalia 

Sudan 

Other Africa 

Oceania 

North America 

Caribbean 

Cuba 

Haiti 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

El Salvador 

Nicaragua 

Other Central America 
Other North America .... 

South America 

- Represents zero. 



115,451 

53,921 

727 
172 
552 
202 
251 
918 
50,318 
372 
409 

43,656 

1,413 

553 

57 

1,813 

4,326 

4,423 

82 

3,074 

27,311 

604 

5,205 

2,339 
729 

1,471 
340 
326 



12,422 

12,254 

11,729 

516 

9 

154 

7 

54 
93 
14 

246 



33,086 

10,918 

88 
46 

115 
42 
30 

115 
10,050 

362 
70 

17,163 

381 
56 
19 

435 
1,940 

800 
25 

573 
12,736 

198 

2,103 

691 
305 
778 
179 
150 



2,848 
2,800 

2.370 

428 

2 

47 

3 

16 

28 

1 

54 



63,883 

35,566 

508 

97 

371 

133 

101 

382 

33,764 

7 

203 

20,228 

894 

162 

28 

886 

2,344 

1,723 

51 

1,349 

12,498 

293 

2,672 
1,315 
423 
682 
122 
130 



5315 

5,271 

5,181 

86 

4 

38 

2 

12 

24 

6 

101 



12,201 

6,242 

117 

23 

54 

23 

29 

260 

5,691 

1 

44 

2,902 

85 

9 

5 

237 

35 

811 

2 

604 

1,078 

36 

298 

245 

9 
24 
20 



2,709 
2,676 

2,673 

1 

2 

29 

II 
18 

4 

50 



2,729 

605 

9 

4 
7 

15 
81 

463 

26 

1,260 

16 

39 

3 

128 

2 

369 

2 

221 

454 

26 

89 

55 

2 

9 

23 



768 
746 

745 
I 

20 

11 
9 

2 



1,417 

320 

2 

3 

4 

19 

39 

228 

25 

838 

9 

74 

58 

346 

159 
185 

7 

16 

12 



240 
239 

238 

1 



687 

108 

1 



18 
12 
65 

10 

408 

9 

34 

1 

37 

164 

2 

84 

64 

13 

5 

4 



166 
164 

164 



257 

37 
1 



11 

7 

10 



172 

5 
7 

12 

83 

26 

35 
4 

2 



1,142 

119 

3 



27 
22 
45 
2 
20 

681 

14 

172 

1 

20 

5 

127 

58 

257 

27 

20 

15 
1 

3 
1 



44 


322 


43 


315 


43 


315 


1 


7 


- 


2 


1 





82 



TABLE 28. ASYLUM CASES FILED WITH INS DISTRICT DIRECTORS AND ASYLUM OFFICERS 

FISCAL YEARS 1973-94 



Year 


Cases 
received 


Cases 
completed 


Cases 
approved 


Cases 
denied 


Cases 
adjudicated 


Percent 
approved 


1973 


1,913 

2,716 

2,432 
2,733 
896 
2,529 
3,702 
5,801 

26,512 
61,568 
33,296 
26,091 
24,295 

16,622 
18,889 
26,107 
60,736 
101,679 

73,637 

56,310 

103,964 

144,166 

146,468 


1,510 
2,769 

1,664 
1,914 
370 
1,939 
2,312 
2,312 

2,000 

4,521 

11,326 

25,447 
54,320 

28,528 
45,792 
44,785 
68,357 
102,795 

48,342 
16,552 
21,996 
34,228 
53,399 


380 
294 

562 

590 

97 

754 

1,218 

1,227 

1,104 
1,175 
3,909 
7,215 
8,278 

4,585 
3,359 
4,062 
5,531 
6,942 

4,173 
2,108 
3,919 
5,012 
8,131 


1,130 

2,475 

1,102 
1,324 
273 
1,185 
1,094 
1,085 

896 

3,346 

7,255 

16,811 

32,344 

14,172 
7,882 
3,454 
8,582 

31,547 

24,156 

4,167 

6,506 

17,979 

28,892 


1,510 
2,769 

1,664 
1,914 
370 
1,939 
2,312 
2,312 

2,000 

4.521 
11,164 
24,026 
40,622 

18,757 
11,241 
7,516 
14,113 
38,489 

28,329 
6,275 
10,425 
22,991 
37,023 


25 2 


1974 


10 6 


1975 


33 8 


1976 


30 8 


1976. TQ 

1977 


26.2 
38 9 


1978 


52 7 


1979 


53 1 


1980 


55 '> 


1981 


■jf, 


1982 


15 n 


1983 


30 


1984 


20 4 


1985 


24 4 


1986 


29 9 


1987 


S4 n 


1988 


iq 7 


1989 


18 


1990 


147 


1991 


33 6 


1992 


37 6 


1993 


21 8 


1994 


2'> 







NOTE: The Refugee Act of 1980 went into effect April 1, 1980. Data for fiscal years 1982 and 1983 have been estimated due to changes in the reporting 
procedures during those two periods. Cases completed cover approvals, denials, and cases otherwise closed. Cases otherwise closed are those in which the applicant 
withdrew the case from consideration, never acknowledged the request for an interview with the INS, or died. Cases adjudicated cover approvals and denials. Since 
April 1, 1991, authority to decide most asylum claims has resided with the INS Asylum Officer Corps. See Glossary for fiscal year definitions. 



83 



TABLE 29. NUMBER OF INDIVIDUALS GRANTED ASYLUM BY INS DISTRICT DIRECTORS 

AND ASYLUM OFFICERS BY SELECTED NATIONALITY 

FISCAL YEARS 1988-94 



Nationality 



1988 



1989 



1990 



1991 



1992' 



1993 



1994 



All nationalities 

Afghanistan 

Bosnia-Herzegovina 

Bulgaria 

China, Mainland 

Cuba 

El Salvador 

Ethiopia 

Guatemala 

Haiti 

Hungary 

India 

Iran 

Iraq 

Laos 

Lebanon 

Liberia 

Libya 

Nicaragua 

Pakistan 

Panama 

Peru 

Poland 

Romania 

Russia 

Somalia 

Soviet Union ' 

Sri Lanka 

Sudan 

Syria 

Ukraine 

Yugoslavia 

Other 



7,340 

50 

14 

90 

36 

149 

570 

42 

8 

40 

4 

1,107 

25 

4 

73 

5 

79 

3,725 

51 

47 

1 

488 
398 

79 
47 

1 

36 

6 
165 



9,229 

23 

17 
150 
107 
443 

517 

102 

11 

33 

4 

723 

17 

7 

76 
20 

39 

5,092 

23 

318 

24 

329 
650 

128 

127 



28 

4 
213 



5,672 

24 

26 
679 
229 
260 

382 

65 

3 

20 

256 
21 
38 
86 
10 

23 

2,277 

11 

251 

27 

39 
204 

204 
264 

10 

8 

63 

14 

178 



2,908 

46 

22 
348 
124 
185 

405 

49 

1 

5 

13 

232 
26 
36 
67 
53 

6 

703 

11 

3 

20 

6 
50 

117 

142 

4 

31 

9 

3 
191 



3,959 

90 

44 
277 
214 
110 

347 
94 

120 

1 

78 

231 
70 
56 
81 

209 

14 
341 

83 

3 

113 

2 

156 

51 

122 
381 

44 
73 
16 
7 
72 

459 



7,464 

70 
15 
75 
336 
319 
74 

352 
172 
636 
2 
357 

347 

101 

79 

65 

247 

22 

291 

176 

6 

241 

58 
258 
233 
121 
588 

16 
133 
638 

54 
496 

886 



11,764 

159 
164 
40 
414 
494 
187 

667 

373 

1,060 

13 

584 

638 

214 

85 

91 

305 

20 

520 

219 

1 

470 

3 
184 
565 
150 

242 

62 

248 

1,032 

191 

684 

1,685 



' The 3,959 individuals known to have been granted asylum were in the 2,740 cases in the data system. An additional 1,179 cases were granted asylum, but the 
number of individuals covered and their nationalities are unknown. 
" Beginning in 1992, some claims fded by persons from the former Soviet Union were receded under the new Soviet republics. 

- Represents zero. 



84 



TABLE 30. ASYLUM CASES FILED WITH INS ASYLUM OFFICERS BY SELECTED NATIONALITY 

FISCAL YEAR 1994 





Applications 

pending 

beginning 

of year ' 


Applications 


Applications 


Applications 


Individuals 


Applications 


Applications 
otherwise 

closed 
during year 


Applications 


Nationality 


received 
during year 


reopened 
during year 


granted 
during year 


granted asylum 
during year 


denied 
during year 


pending end 
of year 


All nationalities 


331,389 

783 


144,577 


1,891 


8,131 


11,764 


28,892 


16,376 


424,458 


Afghanistan 


198 


5 


86 


159 


68 


28 


804 


Albania 


497 


309 


5 


28 


47 


59 


7 


717 


Armenia 


1,302 


913 


6 


56 


75 


383 


94 


1.688 


Bangladesh 


4,629 


3,670 


12 


64 


87 


240 


96 


7.911 


Bosnia-Herzegovina 


165 


251 


- 


127 


164 


9 


3 


277 


Brazil 


529 


1,296 


2 


2 


2 


93 


27 


1,705 


Bulgaria 


1,665 


429 


31 


26 


40 


304 


64 


1,731 


Burma 


440 


210 


4 


71 


87 


37 


15 


531 


Cameroon 


468 


213 


8 


65 


74 


76 


41 


507 


China, Mainland 


17,655 


10.839 


32 


307 


414 


704 


439 


27,076 


Colombia 


1,802 


1,336 


7 


30 


69 


197 


78 


2,840 


Cote d'lvoire 


493 
371 


657 
215 


1 

2 


12 
36 


16 

52 


73 
43 


22 
12 


1,044 


Croatia 


497 


Cuba 


5,468 


3.155 


54 


384 


494 


187 


1 ,575 


6.531 


Czechoslovakia 


337 


174 


2 


2 


2 


25 


6 


480 


Ecuador 


661 


2.431 


- 


4 


6 


62 


32 


2.994 


Egypt 


991 


473 


8 


34 


54 


111 


23 


1,304 




58,254 
3,516 


18.458 
825 


142 
56 


148 

534 


187 
667 


2,372 
581 


1,738 
104 


72,596 


Ethiopia 


3,178 


Fiji 


994 


164 


21 


17 


29 


175 


24 


963 


Gambia 


391 


682 


3 


1 


I 


39 


19 


1,017 


Ghana 


2,123 


1.513 


7 


36 


44 


217 


75 


3,315 


Guatemala 


100,281 


34,176 


257 


315 


373 


4,112 


3,178 


127,109 


Guyana 


486 


737 


3 


1 


1 


36 


5 


1,184 


Haiti 


13,684 


9,403 


96 


945 


1,060 


1,268 


441 


20,529 


Honduras 


4,403 


4,318 


67 


78 


92 


829 


576 


7,305 




7,502 


4,415 


93 


523 


584 


1,123 


358 


10,006 


Iran 


2,503 


508 


45 


416 


638 


230 


149 


2,261 




522 


145 


3 


110 


214 


38 


16 


506 


Israel 


592 


252 


3 


15 


29 


58 


16 


758 


Jamaica 


463 


821 


- 


- 


- 


40 


33 


1,211 


Jordan 


918 


243 


16 


19 


38 


179 


41 


938 


Laos 


1,762 


237 


39 


64 


85 


225 


42 


1,707 


Lebanon 


1,756 


347 


12 


50 


91 


210 


79 


1,776 


Liberia 


4,587 


761 


38 


206 


305 


274 


91 


4,815 


Mali 


720 


390 


2 


3 


3 


30 


6 


1,073 


Mexico 


5,816 


9,266 


57 


5 


9 


4.470 


3.568 


7,096 


Nicaragua 


22,594 


4,445 


237 


313 


520 


1.521 


808 


24,634 


Pakistan 


6,592 
4,053 
7,466 


3,262 
2.855 
2,291 


61 
30 
93 


157 

265 

51 


219 

470 

76 


836 

655 

1,741 


309 
280 
327 


8,613 


Peru 


5,738 


Philippines 


7,731 


Poland 


2,953 
4,804 


1,034 
1,029 


14 
49 


3 
122 


3 
184 


491 
769 


141 
180 


3,366 


Romania 


4,811 


Russia 


4,362 


2.127 


27 


408 


565 


620 


136 


5.352 




400 


601 


3 


4 


4 


53 


22 


925 




933 

588 

5,721 

504 


255 

114 

36 

185 


6 
9 

54 

7 


36 
125 
125 

45 


48 
150 
242 

62 


298 

40 

295 

59 


45 

17 

100 

19 


815 




529 


Soviet Union ^ 


5,291 


Sri Lanka 


573 


Sudan 


624 


237 


10 


168 


248 


41 


28 


634 


Syria 


1,302 


396 


15 


396 


1,032 


120 


115 


1,082 




545 


672 


1 


. 


_ 


42 


42 


1,134 




513 


373 


2 


2 


3 


37 


14 


835 


Ukraine 


1,273 


1,063 


8 


150 


191 


214 


25 


1.955 


Yemen 


608 


244 


4 


9 


11 


71 


12 


764 


Yugoslavia 


5,003 


1.306 


39 


416 


684 


426 


92 


5.414 


Stateless 


1,054 


298 


5 


10 


10 


47 


10 


1,290 


Other 


9,968 


7,324 


78 


506 


750 


1,339 


533 


14,992 



' The total number of applications pending at the beginning of fiscal year 1994 is lower than the 333,647 reported at the end of fiscal year 1993 because of 
corrections to the data base. * Some pending claims filed by persons from the former Soviet Union were receded under the new Soviet republics. 



■ Represents zero. 



85 



TABLE 31. ASYLUM CASES FILED WITH INS ASYLUM OFFICERS BY 

ASYLUM OFFICE AND STATE OF RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1994 



Asylum office and state 
of residence 



Applications 

pending 

beginning 

of year ' 



Applications 

received 
during year 



Applications 

reopened 

during year 



Applications 

granted 
during year 



Individuals 

granted asylum 

during year 



Applications 

denied 
during year 



Applications 
otherwise 

closed 
during year 



Applications 

pending end 

of year 



Total 

Asylum office: 

Arlington 

Chicago 

Houston 

Los Angeles 

Miami 

Newark 

San Francisco 

State: 

Alabama 

Alaska 

Arizona 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut 

Delaware 

District of Columbia . 
Florida 

Georgia 

Hawaii 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Kentucky 

Louisiana 

Maine 



Maryland 

Massachusetts .... 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi 

Missouri 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire 

New Jersey 

New Mexico 

New York 

North Carolina .. 
North Dakota .... 

Ohio 

Oklahoma 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania 

Rhode Island 

South Carolina .. 
South Dakota .... 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah 

Vermont 

Virginia 

Washington 

West Virginia ... 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming 



Guam 

Puerto Rico .... 
Virgin Islands 



331^89 



25,903 
10,980 
5,336 
129,359 
52,604 
83,482 
23,725 



118 

214 

771 

59 

145,944 

389 

1,246 

604 

3,805 

51,974 

1,445 
122 
107 

3,788 
245 
307 
195 
163 
207 
63 

8,251 

5,364 

3,363 

767 

23 

186 

9 

895 

1,581 

60 

9,768 

49 

63,280 

1,397 

7 

1,019 

73 

2,441 

2,771 

1,454 

141 
36 

156 

4,404 

172 

33 

10,618 

760 

26 

200 

3 

68 
101 

147 



144,577 



6,820 

3,732 

2,146 

40,627 

26,020 

55,255 

9,977 



95 

70 

226 

176 

48,109 
184 
829 
513 
626 

25,509 

932 

77 

41 

1,085 

119 

157 

120 

126 

83 

28 

1,691 

3,005 

854 

299 

32 

100 

7 

381 

571 

39 

8,141 

28 

40,861 

875 

I 

400 

33 

968 

887 

1,119 

91 
19 

80 

1,478 

77 

13 

2,463 

373 

9 

113 

4 

36 
129 
295 



1,891 



250 
49 
80 
544 
299 
347 
322 



3 
7 
9 
1 

797 

4 

7 

3 

44 

294 

9 
1 
I 

22 
I 

I 

3 
5 

58 
15 
7 
6 



3 
15 

66 

1 

240 

13 



15 



2 

59 

5 

124 
12 



8,131 



1,239 
1,215 
323 
1,603 
1,470 
1,043 
1,238 



72 

10 

2,531 

37 

18 

2 

200 

1,438 

87 

3 

11 

630 

77 

18 

26 

13 

37 

2 

403 

56 

167 

93 

4 
28 

1 
17 
63 

3 

103 

7 

844 

37 
2 

73 

9 

51 

60 



2 

16 

201 

15 

1 

471 

61 

2 

67 



7 
17 



11,764 



1,684 
1,850 
475 
2,284 
1,948 
1,944 
1,579 



13 

104 

11 

3,438 

47 

27 

3 

228 

1,914 

125 

3 

II 

929 

137 

31 

37 

19 

55 

2 

579 

84 

270 

146 

5 

47 

1 

23 

85 

6 

138 

7 

1,638 

50 

3 

101 

13 

72 

107 

12 

15 

2 

26 

299 

26 

3 

634 

86 

5 

107 



7 
17 



28,892 



3,108 
1,852 
1,383 
11,792 
2,838 
4,059 
3,860 



9 

30 

177 

13 

14,729 

55 

61 

13 

441 

2,797 

112 
10 

8 

1,221 

63 

23 

32 

6 
49 

7 

1,031 
156 

232 

'95 

9 

31 

48 

223 

7 

751 

7 

3.024 

114 

I 

95 

18 

167 

128 

14 

6 

2 

29 

1,207 

41 

1,360 

76 

4 

89 



12 

2 
57 



16,376 



1,810 
471 
424 
7,815 
3,590 
1,080 
1,186 



9 

31 

5 

8,721 

9 

19 

9 

257 

3,563 

38 
8 
2 
246 
8 
I 
1 
3 

10 
2 

592 

41 

106 

26 

4 

9 

11 

55 

123 

I 

894 

37 

58 

7 

101 

35 
5 

4 

3 

6 

372 

22 

3 

844 

22 

"\ 

16 



3 
16 

9 



424,458 



26,816 

11,223 

5,432 

149,320 

71,025 
132,902 

27,740 



193 

244 

726 

208 

168,869 

476 

1,984 

1,096 

3,577 

69.979 

2,149 
179 

128 
2,798 
217 
422 
257 
270 
199 
80 

7,974 

8,131 

3,719 

858 

38 

219 

15 

1,203 

1,826 

89 

16,998 

63 

99,619 

2,097 

5 

1,200 

74 

3,105 

3,453 

2,552 

214 

48 

187 

4,161 

176 

42 

10,530 

986 

28 

143 

7 

84 
195 
368 



' The total number of applications pending at the beginning of fiscal year 1994 is lower than the 333.647 reported at the end of fiscal year 1993 because of 
corrections to the data base. - Represents zero. 

86 



TABLE 32. REFUGEES AND ASYLEES GRANTED LAWFUL PERMANENT 

RESroENT STATUS BY ENACTMENT 

FISCAL YEARS 1946-94 



Enactment 



Total 



1946-50 



1951-60 



1961-70 



1971-80 



1981-90 



1991-94 



Total 

Presidential Directive of 12/22/45 

Displaced Persons Act of 6/25/48 

Orphan Act of 7/29/53 

Refugee Relief Act of 8/7/53 

Refugee-Escapee Act of 9/11/57 

Hungarian Refugee Act of 7/25/58 

Azores & Netherlands Refugee Act of 

7/25/58 

Refugee Relatives Act of 9/22/59 

Fair Share Refugee Act of 7/14/60 

Refugee Conditional Entrants Act of 10/3/65 

Cuban Refugee Act of 1 1/2/66 

Indochinese Refugee Act of 10/28/77 

Refugee Parolee Act of 10/5/78 

Refugee Act of 1980, 3/17/80 

Refugees 

Asylees 



2,976,521 

40,324 

409,696 

466 

189,025 

29,462 

30,752 

22,213 

1,820 

19,800 

142,103 

520,107 
175,147 
139,253 
1,256,353 
1,161,58 
94,764 



213347 

40,324 

173,023 

X 

X 

X 



X 
X 
X 
X 

X 
X 
X 
X 
X 
X 



492,371 

X 

236,669 

466 

188,993 

24,263 

30,491 

10,057 

1,432 

X 

X 

X 
X 
X 
X 
X 
X 



212,843 

X 

4 
X 

28 
5,199 

258 

12.156 

388 

19,714 

39,149 

135,947 
X 
X 
X 
X 
X 



539,447 

X 
X 
X 

2 
X 



X 
X 

82 
102,625 

252,119 

137,309 

46,058 

1,250 

X 

1,250 



1,013,620 

X 
X 
X 

2 
X 

1 

X 
X 

3 
329 

105,898 
37,752 
92,971 

776,664 

734,259 
42,405 



504,893 

X 
X 
X 
X 
X 



X 
X 

1 

X 

26,143 

86 

224 

478,439 

427,330 
51,109 



NOTE: See Glossary for fiscal year definitions, 
immigrant status. 

X Not applicable. 



Data for fiscal years 1987-88 have been adjusted. The data no longer include Cuban/Haitian entrants granted 



87 



TABLE 33. REFUGEES AND ASYLEES GRANTED LAWFUL PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUS 

BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 

FISCAL YEARS 1946-94 



Region and country 
of birth 



Total 



1946-50 



1951-60 



1961-70 



1971-80 



1981-90 



1992 



1993 



All countries 

Europe 

Albania 

Austria 

Bulgaria 

Czechoslovakia 

Estonia 

Germany 

Greece 

Hungary 

Italy 

Latvia 

Lithuania 

Netherlands 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Soviet Union 

Spain 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

Afghanistan 

Cambodia 

China' 

Hong Kong 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Iraq 

Japan 

Korea 

Laos 

Syria 

Thailand 

Turkey 

Vietnam 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Egypt 

Ethiopia 

Other Africa 

Oceania 

North America 

Cuba 

El Salvador 

Nicaragua 

Other North America .. 

South America 

Chile 

Other South America .. 

Unknown or not reported 



2,976,521 

1,164,574 

6,683 

17,430 

6,825 

37,865 

11,754 

101,626 
31,423 
76,333 
63,591 
39.728 
28,069 
17,638 

209,602 

5,073 

74,105 

330,328 
10,652 
85,198 
10,651 

1,177,933 

31,569 
127,413 
42,770 

9,028 
17,600 
65,174 
21,454 

4,542 

4,622 
192,836 

4,484 
45,979 

6,968 

585,993 

17,501 

53,647 

8,799 

33,174 

11,674 

229 

574,944 

537,920 

4,507 

25,390 

7,127 

5,055 

1,039 
4,016 

139 



213,347 

211,983 

29 

4,801 

139 

8,449 

7,143 

36,633 

124 

6,086 

642 

21,422 

18,694 

129 

78,529 

12 

4,180 

14,072 

1 

9,816 

1,082 

1,106 



319 



118 



4 

603 

59 

20 

8 

12 
7 

163 

3 

1 
159 

32 

32 
36 



492,371 

456,146 

1,409 
11,487 

1,138 
10,719 

4,103 
62,860 
28,568 
55,740 
60,657 
16,783 

8,569 
14,336 
81,323 

3,650 

12,057 

30,059 

246 

44,755 

7,687 

33,422 
1 

12,008 
1,076 
8,253 
192 
130 
3,803 
3,116 

119 

15 

1,427 

2 

3.280 

1,768 

1,354 

61 

353 

75 

831 

6 

1 

824 

74 

5 
69 

55 



212,843 

55,235 
1,952 

233 

1,799 

5,709 

16 

665 

586 
4.044 
1.198 
49 
72 
3,134 
3,197 
1,361 
7,158 

871 
4,114 
18,299 

778 

19,895 



5,308 

2,128 

7,658 

58 

119 

554 

1,316 

383 

13 

1,489 

7 

862 

5,486 

5,396 

2 



21 

132,068 

131,557 

1 

3 

507 

123 

4 
119 

15 



539,447 

71,858 

395 

185 

1,238 

3,646 

2 

143 

478 

4,358 

346 

16 

23 

8 

5,882 

21 

6.812 

31,309 

5,317 

11,297 

382 

210,683 

542 

7,739 

13,760 

3,468 

222 

364 

6,851 

56 

65 

21,690 

1,336 

1,241 

1,193 

150,266 

1,890 

2,991 

1,473 

1,307 

211 

37 

252,633 

251,514 

45 

36 

1,038 

1,244 

420 

824 

1 



1,013,620 

155,512 

353 

424 

1,197 

8,204 

25 

851 

1,408 

4,942 

394 

48 

37 

14 

33,889 

21 

29,798 

72,306 

736 

324 

541 

712,092 

22,946 

114,064 

7,928 

1,916 

1,385 

46,773 

7,540 

110 

120 

142,964 

2,145 

30,259 

1.896 

324,453 

7,593 

22,149 

426 

18,542 

3,181 

22 

121,840 

113,367 
1,383 
5,590 
1,500 

1,976 

531 

1 ,445 

29 



117,037 

42,721 

539 

90 

562 

319 

155 

94 

28 

229 

105 

315 

157 

2 

1.512 

4.971 

33.504 

50 

58 

31 

53,422 

2.082 

1,695 

894 

193 

13 

3,093 

365 

5 

8,026 

96 

4,048 

16 

32,155 

741 

4,480 

18 
3,268 
1,194 



15,962 

9,919 
743 

4,668 
632 

442 

16 

426 

1 



127,343 

53,195 

1,198 

54 

303 

119 

125 

82 

39 

80 

32 

493 

228 

7 

731 

4 

3,654 

45,900 

37 

77 

32 

51,783 

2,233 

808 

1,154 

90 

16 

3,875 

1,856 

3 

1 

6,547 

115 

3,724 

79 

30,249 

1,033 

5,944 

35 
3,725 
2,184 

34 

15,926 

11,603 

811 

2,892 

620 

461 

17 

444 



' Includes Mainland China and Taiwan. 

NOTE: See Glossary for fiscal year definitions. Data for fiscal years 1987-i 
immigrant status. - Represents zero. 



have been adjusted. The data no longer include Cuban/Haitian entrants granted 



88 



TABLE 34. REFUGEES AND ASYLEES GRANTED LAWFUL PERMANENT RESmENT STATUS BY AGE AND SEX 

FISCAL YEARS 1987-94 



Age and sex 



1987 



1988 



1989 



1990 



1991 



1992 



1993 



Total 

Under 5 years 

5-9 years 

10-14 years 

15-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over 
Unknown age 

Male 

Under 5 years 

5-9 years 

10-14 years 

15-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over 
Unknown age 

Female 

Under 5 years 

5-9 years 

10-14 years 

15-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over 
Unknown age 

Unknown sex 



Percent distribution . 

Male 

Female 

Unknown 

Median age 

Male 

Female 



91,840 

4,037 

7,226 

7,202 

11,161 

10,418 

9,981 

10,032 

8,522 

6,594 

4,823 

3,455 

2,638 

1,984 

1,627 

1,096 

671 

371 

2 

50,736 

2,042 

3,766 

3,969 

6,323 

5,827 

5,513 

5,730 

4,888 

3,834 

2,780 

1,938 

1,409 

992 

772 

496 

283 

173 

1 

41,104 

1,995 

3,460 

3,233 

4,838 

4,591 

4,468 

4,302 

3,634 

2,760 

2,043 

1,517 

1,229 

992 

855 

600 

388 

198 

1 



100.0 

55.2 
44.8 

28.0 

28.2 
27.7 



81,719 

3,914 

7,913 

7,686 

9,841 

9,673 

9,228 

8,796 

6,979 

5,004 

3,587 

2,644 

2,001 

1,509 

1,252 

788 

.501 

391 

12 

45,148 

2,038 

4.170 

4,162 

5,748 

5,619 

5,114 

4,941 

3,940 

2,798 

2,035 

1,476 

1,083 

764 

578 

325 

201 

1.50 

6 

36,571 

1,876 

3,743 

3,524 

4,093 

4,054 

4,114 

3,855 

3,039 

2,206 

1,552 

1,168 

918 

745 

674 

463 

300 

241 

6 



100.0 

55.2 
44.8 

26.0 

25.8 
26.2 



84,288 

4,712 

8,933 

8,425 

9,426 

9,279 

9,333 

8,675 

7,381 

5,155 

3,397 

2,719 

1,955 

1,705 

1 ,485 

755 

529 

395 

29 

45,348 

2,424 

4,700 

4,496 

5,432 

5,168 

5,108 

4,575 

3,981 

2,820 

1,957 

1,462 

1,035 

795 

658 

344 

211 

164 

18 

38,922 

2.284 

4,232 

3.928 

3,991 

4,109 

4,225 

4,099 

3,398 

2,334 

1.440 

1,257 

919 

910 

827 

411 

316 

231 

11 

18 

100.0 

53.8 
46.2 

25.7 

25.4 
26.1 



97,364 

5,315 

9,662 

8,839 

10,237 

10.067 

10,831 

10,250 

8,764 

6,527 

4,032 

3,360 

2,611 

2,309 

2,090 

1,144 

734 

569 

23 

51,843 

2,794 

5,057 

4,718 

5,835 

5,748 

5,884 

5,281 

4,629 

3,507 

2,213 

1,787 

1,382 

1,043 

929 

492 

304 

232 

8 

45,475 

2,514 

4,599 

4,118 

4,398 

4,313 

4,945 

4,962 

4,132 

3,019 

1,816 

1,571 

1,228 

1,265 

1,161 

652 

430 

337 

15 

46 

100.0 

53.2 

46.7 

Z 

27.1 

26.5 

27.8 



139,079 

6,721 

13,578 

12,494 

13,270 

12,859 

14,522 

15,044 

13,275 

10,790 

5,871 

5,148 

3,689 

3,780 

3,782 

2,023 

1,266 

938 

29 

72,189 

3,549 

6,972 

6,595 

7,417 

6,841 

7,690 

7,870 

6,971 

5,714 

3,249 

2,711 

1,814 

1,594 

1,545 

828 

478 

338 

13 

66,825 

3,169 
6,597 
5,891 
5,843 
6,011 
6,827 
7,170 
6,303 
5,066 
2,619 
2,437 
1,874 
2,186 
2,235 
1,193 
788 
600 
16 

65 

100.0 

51.9 

48.0 

Z 

28.7 

28.1 

29.4 



117,037 

5,760 

11,304 

9,250 

12,224 

13,280 

11,895 

10,738 

9,170 

8,078 

6,130 

5,207 

4,008 

3,481 

3,002 

1,655 

991 

819 

45 

60,583 

3,062 

5,766 

4,913 

6,724 

7,131 

6,381 

5,487 

4,640 

4,079 

3,293 

2,726 

2,037 

1,630 

1,295 

702 

395 

297 

25 

56,415 

2,698 

5,534 

4,336 

5,496 

6,145 

5,506 

5,244 

4,528 

3,998 

2,834 

2,479 

1,970 

1,849 

1,707 

953 

596 

522 

20 

39 

100.0 

51.8 

48.2 

27.8 

27.1 
28.6 



127,343 

5,563 

11,496 

9,971 

11,6.54 

13,869 

12,094 

10,703 

9,151 

9,068 

7,949 

6,294 

5,491 

4,747 

4,281 

2,443 

1,.305 

1,223 

41 

64,885 

2,836 
5,910 
5,122 
6,170 
7,3.37 
6,518 
5,481 
4,544 
4,280 
4,248 
3,383 
2,699 
2,344 
1,924 
1,072 
535 
457 
25 

62,448 

2,727 
5,584 
4,847 
5,483 
6,531 
5,576 
5,222 
4,606 
4,787 
3,699 
2,911 
2,792 
2,403 
2,357 
1,371 
770 
766 
16 

10 

100.0 

51.0 
49.0 

29.6 

28.8 
30.5 



NOTE; Data for fiscal years 1987-88 have been adjusted. The data no longer include Cuban/Haitian entrants granted immigrant status. 
- Represents zero. Z Rounds to less than 0.05 percent. 



89 



TABLE 35. REFUGEES AND ASYLEES GRANTED LAWFUL PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUS 

BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 

FISCAL YEARS 1985-94 



Region and country of birth 


1985 


1986 


1987 


1988 


1989 


1990 


1991 


1992 


1993 


1994 




95,040 


104383 


91,840 


81,719 


84,288 


97364 


139,079 


117,037 


127,343 


121,434 
54,978 


Europe 


14,008 


11,868 


9,684 


11,418 


18348 


33,111 


62,946 


42,721 


53,195 


Albania 


39 


43 


44 


66 


55 


64 


75 


539 


1,198 


733 


Bulgaria 


14! 


134 


117 


129 


126 


178 


311 


562 


303 


138 


Estonia 


- 


- 


2 


1 


- 


5 


9 


155 


125 


176 


Latvia 


1 


1 


1 


9 


8 


6 


34 


315 


493 


568 


Lithuania 


5 


1 


1 


8 


5 


11 


75 


157 


228 


214 


Poland 


4,813 


3,949 


3,357 


4,242 


3,842 


3,903 


4,205 


1,512 


731 


334 


Romania 


4,426 


4,308 


2,959 


3,028 


3338 


3,186 


4,276 


4,971 


3,654 


1,199 




2,638 
58 


1,654 
32 


1,242 

34 


1,642 
26 


9,264 
23 


23,186 
23 


51,551 
66 


33,504 
58 


45,900 
77 


50,756 


Yugoslavia 


506 


Other Europe 


1,887 


1,746 


1,927 


2,267 


1,687 


2,549 


2,344 


948 


486 


354 


Asia 


62,035 


58,685 


52,600 


56,006 


56,751 


51,867 


49,762 


53,422 


51,783 


45,768 


Afghanistan 


2,555 


2,600 


2,141 


2,597 


2,606 


2,144 


2.100 


2,082 


2.233 


1.665 


Burma 


- 


2 


- 


1 


3 


2 


16 


19 


78 


114 


Cambodia 


13,365 


13,300 


12,206 


9,255 


5,648 


4,719 


2,550 


1,695 


808 


557 


China Mainland 


728 
41 


618 

35 


540 
22 


588 
35 


500 

27 


330 
14 


620 

47 


884 
34 


1,153 
103 


774 


India 


133 


Iran 


5,420 


6,022 


5,559 


6,895 


8.167 


8,649 


8,515 


3,093 


3,875 


2,186 


Iraq 


951 


367 


310 


268 


191 


141 


193 


365 


1.856 


4,400 


Kuwait 


7 


5 


- 


4 


4 


4 


11 


13 


114 


94 


Laos 


8,921 


7,556 


6,560 


10,348 


12,033 


9,824 


9.127 


8,026 


6.547 


4,482 


Pakistan 


59 


68 


65 


101 


142 


157 


166 


129 


185 


181 


Philippines 


323 


459 


386 


429 


361 


290 


249 


221 


122 


103 


Thailand 


2,349 


3,240 


3,751 


3,587 


4,347 


4,077 


3.603 


4.048 


3.724 


3,076 


Turkey 


59 


42 


13 


33 


175 


276 


109 


16 


79 


156 


Vietnam 


26,775 


23,930 


20,617 


21,407 


21,883 


20,537 


21,543 


32,155 


30.249 


27,318 




482 
3,201 


441 
2,547 


430 
1,719 


458 
2,121 


664 
2,269 


703 
2,212 


913 
4,731 


642 
4,480 


657 
5,944 


529 


Africa 


6,078 


Ethiopia 


2,762 


2,102 


1,425 


1,723 


1,784 


1,682 


3.582 


3,268 


3.725 


2,730 


Kenya 


3 


4 


4 


18 


17 


31 


32 


42 


42 


98 


Liberia 


2 


2 


7 


6 


7 


26 


42 


25 


239 


851 


Somaha '. 


23 


14 


15 


20 


33 


38 


282 


330 


885 


1,572 


Sudan 


180 


121 


83 


80 


97 


60 


184 


369 


443 


402 


Zaire 


23 


56 


23 


23 


20 


14 


57 


72 


109 


113 


Other Africa 


208 

5 


248 

1 


162 
3 


251 
1 


311 

1 


361 


552 

1 


374 
9 


501 
34 


312 


Oceania 


23 


North America 


15,667 


31,086 


27,677 


11,912 


6,740 


9,910 


21317 


15,962 


15,926 


14,204 


Caribbean 


15,090 


30356 


26,850 


10,907 


5,272 


7,700 


8,005 


9,969 


11,700 


12,672 


Cuba 


15,080 


30,333 


26,817 


10,846 


5,245 


7,668 


7.953 


9.919 


11,603 


11,998 


Haiti 


5 


7 


11 


39 


11 


- 


31 


16 


68 


664 




5 
556 


16 
682 


22 
785 


22 
964 


16 
1,416 


32 
2,143 


21 
13,221 


34 
5,959 


29 
4,188 


10 


Central America 


1,507 




166 

7 

347 


289 

18 

324 


172 

13 

555 


170 

37 

645 


198 

33 

1,075 


245 

58 

1,694 


1.249 

296 

11,233 


743 

169 

4,668 


811 

210 

2,892 


275 




131 


Nicaragua 


966 




36 


51 


45 


112 


110 


146 


443 


379 


275 


135 


Other North America 


21 


48 


42 


41 


52 


67 


91 


34 


38 


25 




124 

12 


195 

30 


155 

25 


260 

59 


175 
29 


264 

35 


320 

73 


442 

74 


461 

176 


383 


Peru 


153 


Other South America 


112 


165 


130 


201 


146 


229 


247 


368 

1 


285 


230 


Bom on board ship 




Unknown or not reported 


- 


1 


2 


1 


4 


- 


2 


- 




- 



NOTE: Data for fiscal years 1987-; 
- Represents zero. 



i have been adjusted. The data no longer include Cuban/Haitian entrants granted immigrant status. 



90 



TABLE 36. REFUGEES AND ASYLEES GRANTED LAWFUL PERMANENT RESTOENT STATUS 

BY STATE OF RESIDENCE 
FISCAL YEARS 1985-94 



Slale of residence 



1985 



1986 



1987 



1988 



1989 



1990 



1991 



1992 



1993 



Total 

Alabama 

Alaska 

Arizona 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut 

Delaware 

District of Columbia 

Florida 

Georgia 

Hawaii 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Kentucky 

Louisiana 

Maine 

Maryland 

Massachusetts 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi 

Missouri 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire 

New Jersey 

New Mexico 

New York 

North Carolina 

North Dakota 

Ohio 

Oklahoma 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania 

Rhode Island 

South Carolina 

South Dakota 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah 

Vermont 

Virginia 

Washington 

West Virginia 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming 

U.S. territories and possessions 

Guam 

Puerto Rico 

Virgin Islands 

Unknown or not reported 

NOTE: Data for fiscal years 1987- 
- Represents zero. 



95,040 

244 

26 

725 

230 

30,142 

1,722 

1,269 

25 

271 

10,758 

1,257 

401 

83 

3,264 
303 
503 
854 
509 
803 
369 

1,218 

3,007 

1.339 

2,001 

48 

713 

58 

257 

468 

130 

4,038 

198 
6,232 

489 

95 

1,335 

687 
1,573 
1,926 

656 

141 

95 

454 

5,599 

669 

94 

2,620 

2,568 

29 

1,617 

54 



6 

867 

1 



104383 

308 
53 

764 
268 

32,680 

861 

974 

9 

178 

21,886 

1,413 
377 
188 

2,769 
272 
148 
514 
100 

1,008 
335 

1.123 

3.016 

1.165 

2.119 

177 

647 

24 

151 

461 

84 

5.489 
112 

6.185 
446 
111 

1,439 
552 

1,143 

2,055 
702 

95 

41 

537 

5,241 

485 

41 

1,772 

2.731 

39 

938 

7 



16 
134 



91,840 

236 

44 

633 

150 

23,907 

831 

1,011 

22 

139 

25,003 

1.475 
166 
131 

2.829 
209 
495 
221 
263 
837 
242 

1,044 

3,415 

1,124 

2,598 

174 

571 

20 

115 

251 

153 

1,076 
102 

6,402 
386 
51 
665 
366 
887 

1.857 
576 

80 

100 

621 

4,433 

410 

76 

1,813 

2,841 

14 

675 



14 

76 

2 



81,719 

230 

33 

593 

194 

27.423 

591 

933 

39 

169 

11.257 

1.047 
449 
159 

2.366 
229 
534 
530 
210 
928 
119 

1,062 

4,169 

1,071 

1,594 

191 

684 

43 

137 

243 

113 

1,632 
151 

6,259 
666 
40 
776 
307 
881 

2,466 
476 

124 

59 

591 

3,495 

492 

81 

2,052 

2,722 

9 

989 

2 



14 
95 



84,288 

182 

41 

655 

190 

36,136 

705 

788 

28 

225 

5,750 

787 
320 
125 
3,231 
113 
331 
991 
129 
706 
137 

1,062 

3,758 

1,164 

2,251 

121 

510 

23 

104 

248 

120 

2,335 
133 

6,289 

470 

26 

1,164 
247 
912 

2,343 
469 

62 

67 

512 

2.703 

306 

29 

1,808 

2.161 

8 

1,251 



62 



97,364 

127 

27 

682 

76 

38,507 

578 

1,162 

48 

295 

9,145 

989 
255 
114 
3,419 
130 
467 
291 
66 
470 
165 

1,242 

4,724 

1,221 

2,656 

124 

534 

9 

175 

358 

139 

1,339 

26 

12,871 

337 

70 

770 

214 

1,315 

2,983 

395 

67 

52 

448 

2.866 

364 

85 

1.692 

1,605 

5 

1,578 

6 



4 

77 



139,079 

136 

72 
890 

122 

45,594 

1,342 

1,767 

107 

508 

15,064 

1,777 
261 
139 

5.679 
433 
544 
508 
84 
898 
281 

2,148 

5.289 

2,384 

3,027 

80 

908 

131 

221 

464 

189 

3.141 

142 

22,105 

649 

42 
1,375 

204 
2.624 
3,953 

635 

130 
196 
525 

4.911 
513 
139 

2.403 

2.194 
31 

2,011 
4 



6 

97 

2 



117,037 

94 

56 

608 

99 

38,261 

1,114 

1,111 

39 

408 

14,035 

1,467 
245 
169 

4,411 
248 
445 
691 
348 
938 
141 

2,275 

3,461 

1,916 

2,338 

120 

692 

61 

143 

377 

227 

2,603 
166 

14,097 

684 

49 

2,734 

404 

1,746 

3,827 

488 

74 

176 

668 

3,957 

363 

68 

1,891 

5,063 

1,302 
3 

16 

120 



127,343 

118 

62 

973 

150 

39,516 

1,106 

1,116 

47 

355 

14,344 

1,765 
241 
146 

3,906 
457 
654 
623 
286 
660 
131 

1,497 

4,303 

2,596 

2,678 

66 

1,029 

61 

663 

400 

155 

3.188 

215 

16,986 

887 

180 

2.378 
258 

2,619 

3,748 
385 

150 

213 

869 

4.862 

441 

67 

1,766 

6,018 

6 

1,868 

1 



1 

133 



! have been adjusted. The data no longer include Cuban/Haitian entrants granted immigrant status. 



91 



TABLE 37. REFUGEES AND ASYLEES GRANTED LAWFUL PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUS BY SELECTED 
COUNTRY OF BIRTH AND SELECTED METROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREA OF RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1994 



Metropolitan statistical area ' 



All 
countries 



Afghan- 
istan 



Albania 



China, 
Mainland 



Cuba 



Ethiopia 



Haiti 



Iran 



Total 

New York, NY 

Miami, FL 

Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA 

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA 

Chicago, IL 

San Jose, CA 

Sacramento, CA 

Washington, DC-MD-VA 

Boston-Lawrence-Lowell-Brockton, MA 
San Francisco, CA 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI 

San Diego, CA 

Portland-Vancouver, OR-WA 

Philadelphia, PA-NJ 

Atlanta, GA 

Detroit, Ml 

Oakland, CA 

Fresno, CA 

Houston, TX 

Orange County, CA 

Dallas, TX 

Baltimore, MD 

Cleveland-Lorain-Elyria, OH 

Denver, CO 

Newark, NJ 

Milwaukee-Waukesha, WI 

St. Louis, MO-IL 

Fort Worth-Arlington, TX 

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL .... 
Nashville, TN 

Jacksonville, FL 

Stockton-Lodi, CA 

Kansas City, MO-KS 

Fort Lauderdale, FL 

Bergen-Passaic, NJ 

Merced, CA 

Tacoma, WA 

Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill, NC-SC ... 

Salt Lake City-Ogden, UT 

Phoenix-Mesa, AZ 

Orlando, FL 

Spokane, WA 

Hartford, CT 

Jersey City, NJ 

Springfield, MA 

Columbus, OH 

Rochester, NY 

Yolo, CA 

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton, FL 

New Orleans, LA 

Other MSA 

Non-MSA 

Unknown 

See footnotes at end of table. 



121,434 

18,807 
10,995 
7,895 
4,115 
3,981 
3,900 
3,406 
3,345 
3,109 
2,885 

2,660 
2,551 
2,444 
2,416 
2,109 
1,885 
1,839 
1,780 
1,734 
1,663 

1,596 

1,469 

1,091 

1,022 

952 

876 

871 

717 

660 

647 

615 
612 
602 
594 
526 
513 
499 
480 
468 
455 

446 
439 
415 
414 
392 
380 
377 
348 
346 
345 

16,364 

2,383 



1,665 

184 

137 
84 
10 
57 
14 

171 

14 

1 

III 

I 

10 

42 

356 



37 
I 



13 

43 

I 



13 
26 



7 
14 
20 



1 

1 

8 

23 

227 
II 



733 

173 

2 

7 

20 

39 



21 
67 
10 

1 

5 

18 
61 



4 
16 

5 

4 
18 
10 

9 

16 

37 



17 



17 
6 

26 
1 



I 

103 
19 



774 

422 

8 

59 

10 

13 

19 

3 

17 

9 

39 

5 
I 
2 
6 
2 
I 
15 



2 
74 
21 



11,998 

123 

9,555 

191 

20 

51 

4 

2 

22 

19 

42 

6 

3 

14 

12 
4 

12 
4 

25 

10 

19 
1 

2 
2 
72 
1 
2 
2 
248 
3 

6 

1 

30 

219 

38 



86 



4 
279 



16 

127 
20 

552 

137 



2,730 

21 

4 

120 

336 

81 

88 

2 

456 

84 

37 

114 

124 

29 

21 

152 

2 

70 

33 

48 

13 

112 
9 

3 
51 

2 
1 
42 
10 
12 
25 

20 

1 

20 



II 

1 
24 

4 
6 
2 
I 
1 
69 
18 



7 

394 

43 



664 

49 
144 



I 

48 
3 



30 
4 
19 

17 

23 

65 

I 



49 



75 
9 

75 

16 



2,186 

113 

2 

1,309 

23 

38 

100 
13 
51 
12 
20 

3 
17 

1 
15 

2 

28 
8 

7 
23 

11 
15 
1 
16 
6 
2 
1 
2 
1 
9 

10 



251 
48 



92 



TABLE 37. REFUGEES AND ASYLEES GRANTED LAWFUL PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUS BY SELECTED 
COUNTRY OF BIRTH AND SELECTED METROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREA OF RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1994— Continued 



Metropolitan statistical area ' 



Laos 



Liberia 



Nicaragua 



Romania 



Somalia 



Soviet 
Union 



Thailand 



Vietnam 



Total . 



New York, NY 

Miami, FL 

Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA 

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA 

Chicago, IL 

San Jose, CA 

Sacramento, CA 

Washington, DC-MD-VA 

Boslon-Lawrence-Lowell-Brockton, 
San Francisco, CA 



MA 



Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI 

San Diego, CA 

Portland-Vancouver, OR-WA . 

Philadelphia. PA-NJ 

Atlanta, GA 

Detroit, Ml 

Oakland, CA 

Fresno, CA 

Houston, TX 

Orange County, CA 



Dallas, TX 

Baltimore, MD 

Cleveland-Lorain-Elyria, OH 

Denver, CO 

Newark, NJ 

Milwaukee-Waukesha, WI 

St. Louis, MO-IL 

Fort Worth-Arlington, TX 

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL 
Nashville, TN 



Jacksonville, FL 

Stockton-Lodi, CA 

Kansas City, MO-KS 

Fort Lauderdale, FL 

Bergen-Passaic, NJ 

Merced, CA 

Tacoma. WA 

Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill, NC-SC . 

Salt Lake City-Ogden, UT 

Phoenix-Mesa, AZ 



Orlando, FL 

Spokane, WA 

Hartford, CT 

Jersey City, NJ 

Springfield, MA 

Columbus, OH 

Rochester, NY 

Yolo, CA 

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton, FL . 
New Orleans, LA 



Other MSA 
Non-MSA .. 
Unknown ... 



4,482 



22 
62 
6 
7 
464 
8 
7 
3 

710 

43 

47 

8 

18 

57 

76 

890 

2 

6 

20 
1 
1 

32 

152 

1 

10 

2 

12 

181 

27 

4 
286 
2 
6 
4 
4 

10 



8 

8 

19 

937 
315 



851 

114 

3 

8 

9 

19 

1 

75 
II 



60 

5 

74 

7 

2 

19 

16 

29 
26 
12 

60 
3 
1 



1 

35 

19 

20 
1 

1 
3 

1 

I 

201 
5 



966 

4 

526 

90 

2 
13 

45 

43 



3 

23 

19 
6 



14 
3 
5 
3 



15 
20 

95 

12 



1,199 

115 

5 

42 

73 

190 
11 
46 
25 
10 
3 

13 

1 

73 

15 

20 
77 
25 

17 

42 

12 
7 
13 
15 
6 



1 

45 
4 



9 

4 

30 

2 

11 

1 



1 
1 

179 

33 



1,572 
U 

35 
93 
40 
41 

159 

130 

119 

329 

23 

37 

99 

6 

6 

8 

13 

2 

40 
1 
1 
6 

12 
23 



68 
6 



155 
56 



50,756 

16,721 

256 

3,479 

1,714 

2,507 

549 

1,939 

585 

1,616 

2,144 

631 

312 

1,582 

1,611 

481 

604 

294 

88 

172 

53 

311 

1,263 

890 

509 

624 

517 

370 

20 

54 

44 

268 

223 
137 
394 
2 
190 

74 
180 

67 

25 
287 
235 

37 
314 
185 
223 
277 

68 
5 

5,020 

605 



3,076 

5 

15 
35 

5 

10 
319 

1 
19 

4 

472 

20 

11 

5 

4 

46 

70 

640 

2 

9 



13 

104 

2 
3 



181 

3 



214 
4 
3 
1 
1 

4 
6 
1 



671 
158 



27,318 

231 

18 

1,861 

1,353 

379 
2,835 

515 
1,362 

874 

259 

422 

779 

526 

490 

1,169 

46 

652 

59 

1.247 

1,392 

569 

68 

65 

283 

40 

48 

213 

556 

245 

86 

84 
182 
146 

51 
3 
7 
272 
278 
170 
156 

235 
127 
67 
67 
74 
24 



28 
252 

5,640 

732 

1 



Ranked by the number of refugees and asylees. See Glossary for definition of metropolitan statistical area. 
- Represents zero. 



93 



IV. NONIMMIGRANTS 



A nonimmigrant is an alien admitted to the United States 
for a specified purpose and temporary period but not for 
permanent residence. Although the typical nonimmigrant 
is a tourist who visits for a few days to several months, 
there are numerous classes of nonimmigrant admission, 
ranging from students to ambassadors. A total of 22.1 
million nonimmigrant admissions were counted during 
fiscal year 1994 — the largest number of nonimmigrant 
admissions to the United States in any year. This 
represents an increase of nearly 672,000 (3.1 percent ) 
over 1993. 

Nonimmigrant Admission 

Nonimmigrants were first defined in the Immigration Act 
of 1819, but the Act of 1855 was the first to require the 
reporting of "temporary arrivals" separately. The Act of 
1924 defined several classes of admission that have been 
expanded in subsequent legislation. Though "tourists" 
(temporary visitors for pleasure) have consistently been by 
far the most numerous nonimmigrant class of admission to 
the United States, a wide variety of temporary visitors 
now fall within the nonimmigrant classification. Second 
in volume to tourists are business people coming to the 
United States to engage in commercial transactions 
(though not for employment in this country). 

Other categories of admission make up a much smaller 
share of the nonimmigrant total, such as foreign students 
and temporary workers. Nonimmigrants in the latter 
category are admitted to the United States to perform 
services of an exceptional nature (such as athletes or 
entertainers) or to perform temporary services or labor 
when unemployed persons capable of performing such 
services or labor cannot be found in this country (such as 
agricultural laborers). Others who are granted authorization 
to work temporarily in the United States include exchange 
visitors who enter to study, teach, or conduct research; 
intracompany transferees, to render managerial or executive 
services in the United States to international firms or 
corporations; and industrial trainees. Though not strictly 
considered as employed in the United States, treaty traders 
and treaty investors enter temporarily to conduct trade or to 
invest substantially in enterprises under the provisions of 
treaties of commerce and navigation between the United 
States and foreign states. 

Nonimmigrants also include several types of temporary 
visitors who are connected in some way with a foreign 
government or who represent an international 



organization. Ambassadors, public ministers, diplomats, 
and consular officers serve temporarily in this country, 
bringing with them members of their immediate families 
as well as employees, attendants, and servants. Officers 
and employees of international organizations such as the 
United Nations add to the list of nonimmigrant visitors 
entering the United States each year. The Glossary 
contains a detailed definition of nonimmigrants, a listing 
of each of the nonimmigrant classes of admission, and a 
detailed definition of each class. 

The U.S. government has had an "open door" policy for 
most nonimmigrant classes of admission. There are no 
restrictions on the total number of admissions each year; 
indeed, tourists (the majority of nonimmigrants) are 
encouraged to visit as a boon to the U.S. economy. 
Regulations govern such areas as the grounds for 
nonimmigrant admission, length and extension of stay, 
employment in the United States, accompaniment by 
family members, travel restrictions within the United 
States, and change of admission status. For example, 
ambassadors are allowed to remain in the United States for 
the duration of their service, students to complete their 
studies, visitors for business for a maximum of six months 
(plus six-month extensions), and aliens in transit through 
the United States not more than 29 days (with no 
extensions). 

Most nonimmigrants are not allowed gainful employment 
while in the United States, though exceptions may be 
granted, for example to students and to family members of 
international representatives. On the other hand, 
temporary workers come to the United States expressly for 
purposes of employment. Most nonimmigrant aliens may 
bring immediate family members with them; the exception 
is transit aliens other than foreign government officials. 
Transit aliens and fiance(e)s coming to the United States 
to marry U.S. citizens are the only nonimmigrants who are 
prohibited from changing to another nonimmigrant 
category while in this country. 

The Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA) of 1986 
revised the existing nonimmigrant class of admission for 
temporary workers. Those allowed to enter the United 
States to perform labor or services (if unemployed persons 
capable of performing such labor or services cannot be 
found in this country) were divided into two categories: 
those to perform temporary agricultural labor or services 
(as defined by the Secretary of Labor) and those to 
perform other temporary labor or services. Data for these 
revised classes of admission for fiscal year 1994 are 
shown in Table 40. 

Further revisions were made to nonimmigrant classes of 
admission for temporary workers, and new classes were 



94 



Chart H. Nonimmigrants Admitted as Temporary Workers, Intracompany 

Transferees, and Exchange Visitors from Top Twenty Countries 

of Citizenship: Fiscal Year 1994 




Thousands 



10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 



NOTE: China includes Mainland China and Taiwan. Soviet Union includes all independent states. "Temporary workers and trainees" 
includes admission classes H, O, P, Q, and R (see Nonimmigrant Admission section of text and Table 41). Also, see Glossary for definitions 
of nonimmigrant classes of admission. Source: Table41. 



95 



established by the Immigration Act of 1990. Beginning 
with entries during fiscal year 1992, the category 
"workers of distinguished merit and ability" was revised 
to "workers with specialty occupations." The number of 
visas issued under this category was limited to 65,000 
annually. Similarly, visas for temporary nonagricultural 
workers allowed to work in the United States (if 
unemployed persons capable of performing such 
services or labor cannot be found in this country) were 
limited to 66,000 annually. In addition to these and 
other revisions to existing classes of admission (see 
Glossary for detailed descriptions), new classes were 
defined as follows: 

♦ Temporary workers with extraordinary ability or 
achievement in the sciences, arts, education, business, or 



athletics; those entering solely for the purpose of 
accompanying and assisting such workers; and their 
spouses and children. 

♦ Athletes and entertainers at an internationally 
recognized level of performance; artists and entertainers 
under a reciprocal exchange program; artists and 
entertainers under a program that is "culturally unique;" 
and their spouses and children. 

♦ Participants in international cultural exchange 
programs. 

♦ Temporary workers to perform work in religious 
occupations and their spouses and children. 

Data for these clas.ses are shown separately in Tables 40 
and 41 for fiscal year 1994. 



Table G 
Nonimmigrants Admitted Under the Visa Waiver Pilot Program by Country of Citizenship: 

Fiscal Years 1993-94 



Country of citizenship 



1994 



Visitors for pleasure 



1993 



Change 



Number Percent 



1994 



Visitors for business 



1993 



Change 



Number Percent 



All countries 8,969,404 8,618,303 351,101 4.1 786,739 639,277 147,462 23.1 

Japan 3,493,110 3,103,071 390,039 12.6 203,479 185,968 17,511 9.4 

United Kingdom 1,866,451 1,876,990 -10,539 -.6 185,791 145,744 40,047 27.5 

Germany 1,152,969 1,277,263 -124,294 -9.7 91,937 72,789 19,148 26.3 

France 637,733 601,072 36,661 6.1 84,176 66,870 17,306 25.9 

Italy 427,334 436,123 -8,789 -2.0 43,619 34,486 9,133 26.5 

Netherlands 288,405 262,951 25,454 9.7 48,865 37,088 11,777 31.8 

Spain 195,150 203,129 -7,979 -3.9 18,187 13,776 4,411 32.0 

Switzerland 194,955 177,239 17,716 10.0 16,487 12,664 3,823 30.2 

Sweden 119,910 126,802 -6,892 -5.4 27,644 19,520 8,124 41.6 

Belgium 115,288 101,034 14,254 14.1 17,033 11,612 5,421 46.7 

Austria 95,021 99,530 -4,509 -4.5 7,755 6,021 1,734 28.8 

New Zealand 62,571 63,002 -431 -.7 6,696 4,824 1,872 38.8 

Denmark 59,240 53,731 5,509 10.3 11,618 7,800 3,818 48.9 

Norway 53,591 48,639 4,952 10.2 9,530 7,827 1,703 21.8 

Finland 37,958 42,096 -4,138 -9.8 8,403 6,566 1,837 28.0 

Iceland 6,623 7,126 -503 -7.1 734 616 118 19.2 

Luxembourg 6,314 5,939 375 6.3 482 329 153 46.5 

Liechtenstein 591 433 158 36.5 31 18 13 72.2 

Brunei' 433 26 407 1,565.4 65 -XX 

Andorra 369 401 -32 -8.0 21 27 -6 -22.2 

Monaco 289 212 77 36.3 6 16 -10 -62.5 

San Marino 234 163 71 43.6 10 7 3 42.9 

Unknown 154,865 131,331 23,534 17.9 4,170 4,709 -539 -11.4 

' Admitted July 1993. NOTE: Data include entries under the Guam Visa Waiver Program. - Represents zero. X Not applicable. 
96 



The Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 also 
authorized the establishment of a pilot program that 
permitted certain nonimmigrants from specified 
countries to enter the United States on a temporary 
basis without nonimmigrant visas. The Visa Waiver 
Pilot Program was originally extended only to approved 
countries that offered a reciprocal waiver of visas to 
U.S. citizens. The program is limited to admissions in 
the visitor for pleasure and for business classes of 
admission, with admission not to exceed 90 days. The 
Immigration Act of 1990 revised the Visa Waiver Pilot 
Program and extended it through fiscal year 1994; 
subsequent legislation has further extended the program 
through fiscal year 1996. A Probationary Program 
portion of the Visa Waiver Pilot Program also was 
established. Ireland qualified for probationary status 
and was admitted April 1, 1995, until September 30, 
1998; entries for Ireland will be shown in the next 
edition of the Yearbook. To date, 22 countries are 
members of the Visa Waiver Pilot Program. Entries for 
fiscal year 1993 and 1994 are shown in Table G. 

Under the Visa Waiver Pilot Program, certain visitors from 
designated countries may visit Guam for up to 15 days 
without first having to obtain nonimmigrant visitor visas. 
The table below shows the countries participating in this 
program and entries for fiscal year 1994: 



Country of 
citizenship 


Visitors to Guam, FY 1994 


For pleasure 


For business 


Total 


114,676 


670 


Korea 


79,568 


453 


Taiwan 


26,917 


66 


Japan 

United Kingdom ' .... 
Australia 


3,532 

2,516 

447 


18 
65 

32 


Nauru 


311 


3 


Indonesia 


160 


3 


Malaysia 

Singapore 

New Zealand 


103 

87 
71 


5 
5 
9 


Solomon Islands 


24 




Papua New Guinea .. 
Western Samoa 


17 
17 


5 


Burma 


13 


- 


Vanuatu 


2 


- 


Brunei 


. 


- 


Unknown 


891 


6 


' Includes Hong Kong. 


- Represents zero. 





Chart I 
Nonimmigrants Admitted by Selected Class of Admission from Top Ten Countries of Citizenship: 

Fiscal Year 1994 



^^ 




^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^;^/^^^^;^^^^^^ 



^^^^^^^^^^^^^:^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ 



V/////////////M 



V/////////////A 



^1 Visitors for business 
VA Visitors for pleasure 
I I Other 



Thousands 



500 



,000 



1,500 



2,000 



2,500 



3,000 



3,500 



4,000 



Source: Table 39. NOTE: China includes Mainland China and Taiwan. 



97 



In December 1992 the Presidents of the United States and 
Mexico and the Prime Minister of Canada signed an 
agreement, enacted in December 1993, as the North 
American Free-Trade Agreement (NAFTA). This law 
superseded the United States-Canada Free-Trade 
Agreement, establishing a special, reciprocal trading 
relationship among the United States and Canada and 
Mexico. In regard to migration, this agreement extended 
to the citizens of Mexico (with certain stipulations) and 
Canada the nonimmigrant class of admission exclusively 
for business people entering the United States to engage in 
activities at a "professional" level. Additionally, the 
agreement facilitates entry for Mexican as well as 
Canadian citizens seeking temporary entry as visitors for 
business, treaty traders and investors, and intracompany 
transferees. 

Entries under NAFTA began in February 1994. Data for 
fiscal year 1994 are shown for both NAFTA and the 
United States-Canada Free-Trade Agreement in Tables 40 
and 41. For a detailed description of the provisions of 
NAFTA, see Appendix 1, Act of December 8, 1993. 



A record 22.1 million nonimmigrants 

were admitted to the United States 

during 1994. 



Chart J 
Nonimmigrants Admitted: Fiscal Years 1975-94 

Millions 
23 



21 -I 
19 

17 
15 
13 
11 



i 




i 





i 








1976 1978 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 

NOTE: Data estimated for last quarter of 1979 and no data available for 
1980. See Glossary for fiscal year definitions. 
Source: Table 38 and previous Yearbooks. 



Data Overview 

More than 22.1 million nonimmigrants arrived in the 
United States in fiscal year 1994 (Table 40). Of this total, 
a large majority (77.6 percent) entered as visitors for 



pleasure (tourists), with the next highest class of admission, 
temporary visitors for business, accounting for 14.3 percent. 
About 394,000 foreign students entered the United States to 
pursue a full course of study (predominantly in academic 



Table H 

Nonimmigrants Admitted from Top Fifteen Countries of Last Residence in Fiscal Year 1994, 

Ranked by Amount of Change Since Fiscal Year 1975 

(Numbers in thousands) 



Country of last residence 1994 1975 Change 

All countries 22,119 6,284 15,835 



Country of last residence 



1994 1975 Change 



1. Japan 

2. United Kingdom 

3. Germany 

France 

China 

Brazil 

Korea 



3,887 


791 


3,097 


2,962 


483 


2,478 


1,699 


320 


1,379 


860 


174 


686 


567 


20 


547 


633 


99 


534 


525 


20 


506 



8. Italy 

9. Venezuela ... 

10. Argentina ... 

11. Australia 

12. Netherlands 

13. Switzerland 

14. Spain 

15. Mexico 

Other 



556 


113 


443 


445 


98 


347 


406 


88 


318 


433 


121 


312 


389 


79 


310 


358 


71 


287 


295 


47 


248 


1,714 


1,977 


-263 


6,390 


1,784 


4,605 



NOTE: China includes Mainland China and Taiwan. "Other" includes unknown and not reported countries. 
Source: Table 38 and 1975 Yearbook. 



98 



Chart K 
Nonimmigrants Admitted by Month and Selected Class of Admission: Calendar Years 1991-94 



Thousands 

2,400 - 

2,200 - 

2,000 - 

1,800 - 

1,600 - 

1,400 - 

1,200 - 

1,000 - 

800 - 

600 - 

400 - 

200 - 







Visitors for pleasure 



/ 



I \ 
I > 

• 1 

• I 

• 1 

• I 
I t 
I \ 
I * 

/ \ 



• \ 
I I 
f 1 
f I 

■ I 
I I 

■ I 
I I 
I I 



f 
I 
I 



I 
I 

\ I 

M 

« 



« 
II 
'I 
' I 

I 1 



» M 
f 
> 

\ I 
1 I 
\l 



I I 

> i 
X f 



I 

I •• 
1 • • 
1 • • 

\; \ 
V '. 



ii 
f 1 

1 1 
■ I 

i\ 

I I 
I I 

I X 



Otiier 



Visitors for business 



/ 



/ 




Jan. 



July 
1991 



Jan. 



July 
1992 



Jan. 



July 
1993 



Jan. 



July 
1994 



Jan. 



institutions) accompanied by nearly 34,000 spouses and 
children. In addition, nearly 217,000 persons entered as 
exchange visitors to study, teach, or conduct research in 
the United States, bringing with them more than 42,000 
spouses and children. 

More than 189,000 representatives of foreign governments 
(less than 1 percent of total entries) entered the United 
States as nonimmigrants in 1994. This figure consists of 
more than 105,000 foreign government officials, family 
members, and attendants (including ambassadors, public 
ministers, career diplomats, and consular officers), nearly 
75,000 foreign representatives to international 
organizations (including families and attendants), and 
more than 9,000 officials serving the North Atlantic Treaty 
Organization (NATO) (including family members). 

More than 47 percent of all nonimmigrants arriving in 
1994 were citizens of only four countries: Japan (18.0 
percent), the United Kingdom (14.1), Germany (7.7), and 
Mexico (7.5). Tourists far outnumbered other classes of 
entry for almost every country of citizenship (Chart I). 



Nearly 89 percent of Japanese nonimmigrants were 
tourists (visitors for pleasure), compared to just over 79 
percent of citizens of France, and only about 62 percent of 
Chinese (Mainland China and Taiwan) (Table 39). 

Just as four countries dominated nonimmigrant admissions 
to the United States in 1994, so did four ports of entry. 
Miami (16.5 percent). New York (15.5), Los Angeles 
(12.1), and Honolulu (9.5) together accounted for more 
than half (54 percent) of all entrants (Table 42). The New 
York, Los Angeles, and Honolulu ports maintained their 
share in 1994, while Miami decreased from 17.5 percent in 
1993. 

As noted, the 1994 total of more than 22.1 million 
nonimmigrant arrivals represents an increase of more than 
672,000 (3.1 percent) from the previous fiscal year. Total 
admissions numbered about 6.3 million during 1975 and 
steadily increased to about 11.8 million in both 1981 and 
1982. The number stabilized at about 9.5 million from 
1983 to 1985 (recording a low in 1984) then began a steady 
increase that continued from 1985 to 1994 (Chart J). 



99 



The overall volume of nonimmigrant arrivals has more 
than tripled since 1975. Temporary visitors (mostly 
tourists) arriving from Japan, the United Kingdom, and 
Germany show the largest absolute increases between 1975 
and 1994 (Table H). Canada does not appear on this list 
and Mexico ranks low because most of the millions of 
visitors from these contiguous countries enter under 
expedited procedures and do not require visas or INS Form 
I-94s (Arrival/Departure Record) when entering the United 
States (see section on Data Collection). 

Admissions have a high degree of seasonality, with most 
nonimmigrants arriving in the United States in the summer 
months (peaking in July); there is a lesser but noticeable 
secondary peak in December. The trends for 1991 through 
1994 are illustrated in Chart K. 

Data Collection 

The Nonimmigrant Information System (NIIS) is designed 
to provide for each nonimmigrant a record of legal 
admission and departure. The system also produces 
statistics for such variables as age, country of citizenship, 
class of admission, visa-issuing post, port of entry, and 
destination in the United States. Many nonimmigrants 
enter and leave the United States more than once each year 
and the NIIS system records each entry separately. 



A description of the principal steps in the process of 
nonimmigrant admission to the United States is useful for 
understanding the data produced by the NIIS system. First, 
a nonimmigrant visa is secured at a U.S. Consulate abroad 
(except for those entering under the visa waiver 
program — see Nonimmigrant Admission section). Prior to 
departing for the United States, nonimmigrants are 
screened initially by the transportation company to assure 
admissibility. During the trip INS Form 1-94 is distributed 
to non-U. S. citizens. At the port of entry, each arriving 
nonimmigrant presents a visa and a completed Form 1-94 
to an immigration inspector. Among other actions, the 
inspector checks the form for completeness, determines the 
length of admission, and stamps the class of admission and 
port of entry on the form. The arrival portion is torn off 
and sent to a central data processing facility. The matching 
departure section of the form, usually stapled into the 
passport, is the nonimmigrant's proof of legal admission to 
the United States. This section of Form 1-94, collected at 
departure, is also sent to the data processing facility where 
it is processed and matched electronically to the arrival 
section of the form. 

The Nonimmigrant Information System also includes 
information on parolees {e.g., entering for humanitarian, 
medical, or legal reasons), withdrawals, stowaways, 
deferred inspections (allowed to enter to appear at an INS 



Chart L 
Nonimmigrants Admitted by Region of Last Residence: Selected Fiscal Years 1955-94 




1955 



1960 



1965 



1970 



1975 



1981 



1985 



1990 



1994 



Source: 1981, 1985, 1990, and 1994, Table 38; 1955-75, previous Yearbooks. See Glossary for fiscal year definitions. 
100 



office where formal inspection can be completed), and 
refugees. Data for these classes of admission are not 
shown in the nonimmigrant tables but are included in 
summary form in footnotes to the appropriate tables. 

The Nonimmigrant Information System does not include 
data for permanent resident aliens returning after short 
visits abroad, who are technically defined as 
nonimmigrants, or for most of the millions of citizens of 
Canada and Mexico who cross the border for brief periods 
of time. Most aliens entering the United States from 
Canada or Mexico do not require documentation in the 
NIIS system. Canadians may travel for business or 
pleasure without travel restrictions for a period of 6 
months without obtaining nonimmigrant visas. Mexicans 
crossing the border frequently may apply for border 
crossing cards which can be used for admission to the 
United States for business or pleasure within 25 miles of 
the Southwestern border for a period not to exceed 72 
hours. 

Limitations of Data 

Development of the current NIIS data base system 
improved the collection and dissemination of data on 



nonimmigrant arrivals and departures, but collection and 
update procedures create inherent problems and limitations 
in the data. As mentioned, the data system records arrivals 
via collection of INS Form 1-94; thus, data represent each 
arrival event during the year rather than the actual number 
of individuals admitted. Nonimmigrants in several classes 
of admission, especially students, intracompany 
transferees, and visitors for business, often enter (and 
leave) many times in any given year. 

Also, inconsistencies in processing student records have 
resulted in a substantial underreporting in the number of 
student arrivals for 1991 through 1993. Continuing efforts 
to improve the nonimmigrant data system have produced 
revised student arrival figures for these years. Tables 38 
and 40 reflect revised student arrivals as well as minor 
differences in numbers for other classes of admission and 
country of last residence. 

Finally, there are gaps in the historical nonimmigrant data 
series due to the unavailability of arrival and departure 
records for July to September 1979, all of 1980, and for 
most characteristics for 1981 and 1982. Data for country 
of last residence and class of admission are the only 
variables available for 1981 and 1982. 



Chart M. Nonimmigrants Admitted as Students and Their Families for Top Ten 

Countries of Citizenship: Fiscal Year 1994 




Thousands 



NOTE: China includes Mainland China and Taiwan. 
Source: Table 39. 



101 



TABLE 38. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED CLASS OF ADMISSION 

AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF LAST RESIDENCE 

SELECTED FISCAL YEARS 1981-94 



Region and country of 
last residence 



All classes ' (in thousands) 



1981 



1985 



1990 = 



1993' 



1994 = 



Visitors for pleasure (in thousands) 



1981 



1985 



1990 = 



1993 = 



All countries 

Europe 

Austria 

Belgium 

Bulgaria 

Czechoslovakia 

Denmark 

Finland 

France 

Germany ' 

Germany, East 

Germany, West 

Greece 

Hungary 

Iceland 

Ireland 

Italy 

Luxembourg 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Soviet Union 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

Bangladesh 

China' 

Cyprus 

Hong Kong 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Iraq 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Kuwait 

Lebanon 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Saudi Arabia 

Singapore 

Syria 

Thailand 

Turkey 

United Arab Emirates 
Other Asia 

Africa 

Egypt 

Kenya 

Liberia 

Morocco 

Nigeria 

Senegal 

South Africa 

Other Africa 



11,757 

4,537 

58 

118 

1 

5 

62 

42 

441 

754 



66 
13 
11 

102 

264 

5 

217 

84 

41 

33 

6 

10 

144 

174 

183 

1,669 

29 

6 

2,290 

4 
III 

3 
75 
88 
21 
17 

6 

131 

1,372 

17 

77 

15 

26 

33 

28 

100 

57 

27 

8 
21 
18 

6 
35 

225 

34 

6 

6 

8 

54 

3 

61 

52 



9,540 

3,129 

48 

67 

2 

6 

59 

37 

358 

5 

537 

51 

13 

8 

73 

240 

5 

139 

71 

46 

26 

5 

6 

103 

121 

155 

923 

22 

6 

2,627 

4 

183 

5 

101 

85 

32 

40 

2 

115 

1,555 

14 

91 

22 

19 

40 

28 

107 

60 

37 

7 

28 

16 

11 

24 

177 

27 

6 

6 

7 
44 

3 
40 

45 



17,574 

6,875 

108 
137 
7 
16 
105 
107 
742 

7 

1,186 

61 

23 

14 

108 

402 

10 

291 

114 

72 

40 

15 

86 

245 

299 

296 

2,338 

36 

10 

4,937 

6 

329 

7 

176 

125 

47 

18 

6 

175 

3,298 

19 

235 

18 

13 

44 

41 

143 

53 

54 

8 

45 

34 

12 

31 

186 

27 

8 

5 

11 

22 

5 

40 

67 



21,566 

8,907 

168 

190 

9 

27 

109 

77 

868 

1,896 



63 

34 

19 

137 

584 

16 

381 

113 

50 

54 

13 

124 

331 

241 

341 

3,023 

17 

22 

5,713 
12 

520 
8 

198 

126 

60 

13 

1 

191 

3,555 

14 

407 
21 
12 
52 
34 

177 
71 
70 
8 
72 
43 
18 
33 

211 

29 

8 

1 

11 

21 

5 

73 

63 



22,119 

8,646 

156 

199 
10 
23 

111 
70 

860 
1,699 



66 

39 

16 

156 

556 

16 

389 

114 

52 

51 

16 

143 

295 

224 

358 

2,962 

12 

52 

6,286 

13 

567 

8 

205 

140 

66 

12 

1 

203 

3,887 

15 

525 

22 

12 

59 

36 

173 

74 

79 

8 

85 

43 

22 

34 

228 

31 

9 

2 
12 
18 

6 
84 
65 



9,515 

3,601 

49 

91 

1 

3 

45 

31 

341 

618 



37 

10 

9 

88 

189 

4 

165 

50 

34 

23 

3 

4 

109 

135 

150 

1,388 

21 

4 

1,704 

2 
53 

2 
54 
57 
11 
12 

4 

102 

1,155 

8 
29 

8 

16 
21 
18 
60 
27 
19 

5 
12 
11 

3 
18 

130 

21 

4 

4 

5 

25 

1 

45 

23 



6,609 

2,048 

34 

39 

1 

4 

36 

24 

226 

3 

373 

34 

10 

5 

55 

155 

3 
82 
41 
40 
18 

3 

2 

64 

71 

110 

598 

15 

1 

1,866 

2 
83 

2 
64 
52 
19 
33 

1 

80 

1,277 

7 
26 
10 
12 
19 
17 
59 
31 
23 

5 
15 

9 

6 
14 

101 

16 
3 

4 

4 

25 

1 

26 

22 



13,418 

5383 

87 
95 
5 
12 
75 
83 
566 

5 

969 

43 

15 

10 

81 

308 

8 

214 

80 

55 

30 

10 

53 

183 

230 

236 

1,899 

23 

3 

3,830 

4 

187 

4 

111 

75 

28 

16 

4 

128 

2,846 

13 

120 

12 

10 

27 

27 

76 

33 

32 

6 

25 

20 

7 

15 

105 

16 
4 
4 
7 

11 
2 

26 

34 



16,918 

7,349 

146 

147 

4 

18 

80 

56 

698 

1.667 



44 

23 

15 

111 

491 

14 

302 

79 

32 

42 

7 

47 

272 

178 

283 

2,566 

10 

17 

4,501 

8 

289 

4 

141 

63 

33 

11 

Z 

142 

3,177 

9 

270 

13 

8 

29 

21 

94 

45 

42 

6 

44 

25 

10 

17 

127 
16 

4 

1 

7 

11 

2 
54 
32 



See footnotes at end of table. 

102 



TABLE 38. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED CLASS OF ADMISSION 

AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF LAST RESIDENCE 

SELECTED FISCAL YEARS 1981-94— Continued 



Region and country of 
last residence 



All classes ' (in thousands) 



1981 



1985 



1990' 



1993^ 



1994 = 



Visitors for pleasure (in thousands) 



1981 



1985 



1990 = 



1993 = 



Oceania 

Australia 

Fiji 

New Zealand ' 

Other Oceania 

North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Antigua-Barbuda 

Aruba 

Bahamas, The 

Barbados 

Bermuda 

British Virgin Islands .. 

Cayman Islands 

Cuba 

Dominica 

Dominican Republic .... 

Grenada 

Guadeloupe 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

Netherlands Antilles 

St. Lucia 

Trinidad & Tobago 

Turks & Caicos Islands 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

Other North America 

South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile -. 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Paraguay 

Peru 

Surinam 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Other South America 

Unknown or not reported 



379 

230 

5 

109 

34 

2,817 
135 

1,768 
614 

9 

Z 

172 

19 

4 

4 

5 

7 

19 

78 

3 

9 

43 

112 

27 

4 

81 

4 

16 

300 

11 

43 

39 

83 

47 

25 

52 

1 

1,449 

227 

23 

201 

62 

206 

82 

11 

8 

72 

6 

21 

530 

Z 

60 



365 

255 
6 

90 
14 

2,189 

154 

945 

774 

12 

Z 

231 

24 

8 

5 
24 
10 

6 
87 

3 

5 

79 

126 

38 

4 
90 

6 
16 
316 
11 
58 
50 
71 
55 
17 
54 

Z 

832 

89 

17 

200 

40 

164 

53 

11 

6 

59 

8 

10 

173 

Z 

221 



679 

466 
6 

177 
31 

3,245 

216 
1,348 
1,231 

25 
14 

345 

47 

8 

16 
38 
34 
16 

189 

6 

8 

72 

213 
48 
11 
99 
9 
33 

449 
18 
86 
66 

124 
80 
16 
59 
Z 

1,343 

175 
21 

393 
75 

164 

75 

10 

9 

124 
12 
21 

264 
Z 

308 



660 

475 

6 

138 

41 

3,623 

276 
1,628 
1,154 

26 
20 

317 
56 
8 
18 
38 
23 
13 

197 

9 

8 

39 

188 
53 
14 
88 
10 
29 

565 
21 

122 
88 

141 

75 

45 

74 

Z 

2,043 

371 

28 

564 

122 

218 

92 

10 

15 

153 

6 

36 

428 

Z 

409 



609 

433 

6 

126 

44 

3,727 

279 

1,714 

1,167 

26 
22 

306 
52 
7 
17 
41 
20 
14 

206 

9 

9 

33 

202 
54 
13 
88 
II 
37 

567 
22 

125 
88 

144 

65 

45 

78 

Z 

2,203 

406 

28 

633 

131 

238 

102 

12 

16 

148 

5 

40 

445 

Z 

420 



315 

188 

4 

95 

27 

2,480 

75 

1,634 

526 

7 

Z 

163 

15 

3 

3 

4 

5 

16 

65 

2 

8 

30 

93 

23 

3 

70 

3 

12 

245 

8 

36 

33 

74 

32 

20 

42 

Z 

1,256 

206 

18 

164 

48 

173 

71 

8 

6 

60 

5 

17 

481 

Z 

30 



282 

195 

4 

74 

9 

1,664 

79 

773 

584 

9 

Z 

211 

17 

5 

4 

18 

8 

4 

57 

1 

4 

56 

74 

27 

2 

71 

4 

12 

228 

8 

41 

38 

53 

37 

14 

38 

Z 

606 

66 

10 

148 

28 

123 

42 

7 

3 

44 

6 

7 

122 

Z 

40 



562 

380 

4 

153 

25 

2,463 

119 

1,061 

963 

16 
10 

332 
34 

6 

8 

31 

33 

II 

137 

4 

6 

57 

132 

31 

7 
81 

7 
20 
320 
12 
62 
46 
91 
52 
13 
43 

Z 

1,016 

136 

14 

300 

54 

122 

57 

6 

6 

97 

10 

16 

199 

Z 

60 



535 

381 

4 

117 

33 

2,712 

160 

1,259 

888 

17 

17 

289 

41 

5 

10 

31 

21 

9 

145 

6 

7 

31 

117 

39 

9 

69 

8 

17 

405 

13 

89 

64 

104 

45 

35 

55 

Z 

1,593 

312 

18 

446 

91 

162 

70 

6 

10 

102 

4 

28 

343 

Z 

lOI 



' Excludes classes of admission processed in the Nonimmigrant Information System in the following years: for all countnes — 1985 - 64,487 parolees. 3,239 
withdrawals and stowaways, and 68,044 refugees; 1990 - 90.265 parolees, 19,984 withdrawals and stowaways, and 110,197 refugees; 1993 - 123,628 parolees, 
26,435 withdrawals and stowaways, and 1 13,152 refugees; 1994 - 1 1 1,403 parolees, 22,461 withdrawals and stowaways, and 1 14,471 refugees. = Includes arrivals 
under the Visa Waiver Pilot Program. Data for fiscal year 1993 differ from data published in previous Yearbooks due to corrections in the underreporting of student 
entnes and more minor adjustments to entries for other classes of nonimmigrant admission. See Nonimmigrant section of text. ' Due to revisions in data (notably, 
student arrivals), numbers for fiscal year 1993 do not match those in the 1993 Yearbook. Revised data by class of admission are shown in Table 40. ■■ Prior to fiscal 
year 1982 and after fiscal year 1990, data for East and West Germany are included in Germany. ' Includes Mainland China and Taiwan. ' Prior to fiscal year 
1985, data for Niue are included in New Zealand. 



NOTE: Totals may not add due to rounding. 



Z Less than 5(X) arrivals. 



103 



TABLE 39. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED CLASS OF ADMISSION 

AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 

FISCAL YEAR 1994 



Region and country of 
citizenship 



All 
classes ' 



Foreign 
govern- 
ment 
officials ' 



Temporary 

visitors 

for 

business ' 



Temporary 
visitors 

for 
pleasure ^ 



Transit 
aliens ' 



Treaty 

traders 

and 

investors ' 



Sti'.dents 



Spouses 


Tempo- 


and 


rary 


children 


workers 


of 


and 


students 


trainees ' 



All countries 

Europe 

Austria 

Belgium 

Bulgaria 

Czechoslovakia 

Denmark 

Finland 

France 

Germany 

Greece 

Hungary 

Iceland 

Ireland 

Italy 

Luxembourg 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Soviet Union, former 

Russia 

Ukraine 

Other republics 

Unknown republic 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

Bangladesh 

China' 

Hong Kong 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Kuwait 

Lebanon 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Saudi Arabia 

Singapore 

Sri Lanka 

Syria 

Thailand 

Turkey 

United Arab Emirates .... 
Other Asia 

Africa 

Egypt 

Kenya 

See footnotes at end of table 



22,118,706 

9,090,338 

167,474 

188,253 

11,115 

37,454 

121,434 

76,716 

907,216 

1,709,086 

71,917 

39,785 

17,681 

187,882 

613,913 

11,876 

461,943 

118,926 

56.303 

65,118 

17,919 

148,473 

107,655 

18,728 

9,630 

12,460 

320,701 

236,126 

334,915 

3,115,696 

30,207 

22,209 

6,498,850 

14,485 

615,250 

128,316 

181,693 

70.126 

24,555 

211,376 

3,974,306 

20,637 

580,787 

17,505 

20,775 

67,951 

45,086 

200,943 

57,158 

67,928 

9,777 

10,463 

84,550 

49.109 

11.514 

34.560 

241,404 

35,320 
8,198 



105,299 

31,255 
457 
569 
155 
252 
456 
522 

3,672 

3,465 
623 
302 
104 
348 

1,705 
49 
779 
539 
370 
406 
340 

3,299 

2,463 
379 
208 
249 

1,707 
685 
989 

8,911 
135 
416 

33,959 

156 

1,085 

26 

893 

1,178 

1 

2,906 

10,521 

1,158 

2,080 

959 

302 

670 

444 

1,787 

3,826 

1.135 

228 

54 

2.206 

504 

845 

995 

6,860 

2,742 
125 



3,164,099 

1,314,902 

20.538 

34,610 

2,665 

6,286 

25,538 

16,607 

130,904 

186,546 

8,531 

6,483 

2,370 

25,732 

81,603 

1,411 

85,391 

24,670 

9,166 

9,359 

2,971 

62,601 

49,650 

5,349 

2,628 

4.974 

37.610 

56.932 

39,765 

428,745 

3,762 

4,106 

696,639 

1,633 
140,736 

22,521 

33,324 

11.303 
2.055 

39.687 

227.623 

2.961 

102,687 

2,150 

3,478 

15.927 
5,985 

25,620 
7,004 

18,788 
1,827 
1,245 

15,394 
9,133 
1,306 
4,252 

53,601 

7.126 
1.599 



17,154,834 

7,215,094 

139.099 

144.187 

4.883 

26.075 

84.178 

51,705 

718,223 

1,444,551 

49,807 

27,442 

13,294 

148,195 

502,175 

10,027 

354,561 

81,070 

36,701 

49,108 

10,390 

45,432 

29,296 

8,230 

2,689 

5.217 

254.948 

158,982 

277,634 

2,550,066 

18,272 

14,089 

5,103,294 

9,560 

383,054 

90,797 

86,118 

38,706 

20,284 

152.079 

3.524.409 

12.995 

395.426 

10,423 

13,628 

38,587 

27,935 

103,694 

36,611 

41,847 

4,967 

6,904 

51,947 

27.330 

5.544 

20,449 

140,495 

19,020 
3,835 



330,936 

55,023 

645 

315 

584 

432 
1,777 

369 
2,054 
2,712 
5,956 

663 
19 
1,250 
4,119 
19 
1,874 
2,777 
3,282 
3,458 
1,697 
3,239 
1,894 

972 
79 

294 
1,293 
1,144 

300 

11,625 

2,772 

648 

114,680 

194 

19,203 

5,885 

7,384 

6,824 

142 

861 

7,259 

117 

13,114 

46 

458 

1,555 

487 

45,093 

371 

756 

407 

771 

2,183 

904 

26 

640 

3,775 
808 



141,030 

49,711 

923 

936 

2 

20 

1,047 

555 

5,705 

10,982 

42 

5 

5 

190 

3,870 

32 

2,120 

1,172 

9 

12 

3 

17 

10 



1,770 

626 

1,895 

17,530 

217 

26 

84,098 

13 

4,786 

43 

57 

30 

79 

4,199 

66,163 

1 

6,753 

5 

4 

12 

467 

999 

16 

29 

5 

4 

230 

192 

4 

7 

84 

14 



394,001 

83,462 

1,232 

1,133 

992 

784 

1,301 

1,068 

9,294 

11,569 

3,644 

853 

613 

767 

5,341 

101 

2,664 

2,702 

1,078 

767 

574 

4.251 

2.935 

592 

501 

223 

9,694 

4,950 

5,780 

9,636 

1,984 

690 

226,787 

1,633 

36,318 

6,901 

16,419 

9,043 

600 

1,890 

65,681 

1,679 

38,510 

2,612 

990 

7,411 

4,211 

1.614 

4,673 

3,364 

972 

384 

9,504 

5,861 

3,036 

3,481 

9,490 

1.187 
1,393 



33,720 

3,068 

33 

44 

77 

75 

37 

76 

285 

270 

65 

55 

204 

20 

122 

2 

72 

113 

77 

12 

108 

417 

313 

46 

24 

34 

173 

98 

127 

370 

74 

62 

24,802 

174 

6,206 

106 

1,119 

387 

92 

219 

3,019 

153 

6,921 

983 

21 

472 

234 

74 

2.978 

174 

56 

40 

106 

206 

596 

466 

795 

187 

92 



185,988 

60,672 

807 

1,083 

230 

329 

834 

656 

6,399 

5,909 

944 

701 

145 

1,656 

3,113 

49 

2,711 

950 

1.230 

233 

257 

5.355 

4,252 

528 

240 

335 

2,590 

1,565 

1,329 

20,641 

731 

225 

56,624 

250 

4,216 

753 

18,475 

302 

222 

2,168 

10.298 

362 

2.849 

31 

610 

689 

1,204 

11,567 

104 

463 

327 

293 

414 

635 

5 

387 

4,508 

517 
197 



104 



TABLE 39. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED CLASS OF ADMISSION 

AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 

FISCAL YEAR 1994— Continued 



Region and country of 
citizenship 



All 
classes ' 



Foreign 
govern- 
ment 
officials ' 



Temporary 

visitors 

for 

business ' 



Temporary 

visitors 

for 

pleasure ^ 



Transit 
aliens ■* 



Treaty 

traders 

and 

investors 



Students 



Spouses 

and 
children 

of 
students 



Tempo- 
rary 

workers 
and 

trainees ' 



Morocco 

Nigeria 

South Africa 

Other Africa 

Oceania 

Australia 

New Zealand 

Pacific Island Trust Territory 
Other Oceania 

North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Antigua-Barbuda 

Bahamas, The 

Barbados 

Cayman Islands 

Cuba 

Dominica 

Dominican Republic 

Grenada 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

Netherlands Antilles 

St. Kitts & Nevis 

St. Lucia 

Trinidad & Tobago 

Turks & Caicos Islands 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

Other North America 

South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Paraguay 

Peru 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Other South America 

Stateless 

Unknown 



K,517 
21,436 
76,761 

85,172 

588,557 

418,038 

133,461 

21,699 

15,359 

3,363,594 

118,407 

1,658,991 

1,034,952 

22,994 

281,257 
48,898 
23,167 
20,754 

100,957 

117,293 

9,344 

41,477 

203,935 
14,763 
12,279 
13,198 
90,669 
7,802 
26,165 

551,165 
19,685 

117,834 
92,268 

140,077 

63,721 

47,017 

70,563 

79 

2,192,067 

406,182 

28,342 

622,220 

134,225 

244,396 

100,411 

16,245 

15,155 

157,712 

41,429 

421,021 

4,729 

21,774 

122,122 



814 

224 

342 

2,613 

5,264 

4,684 

386 

26 

168 

12,080 

458 
3,117 
4,900 

160 
961 

584 

185 
378 
451 
146 
120 
1,154 

92 

96 

465 

108 
3,605 

155 
403 
923 
720 
748 
165 
491 

14,547 

2,815 

280 

2,110 

1,677 

2,365 

1,155 

177 

177 

894 

694 

2,159 

44 



1,334 



2,034 

6,343 

16,394 

20,105 

100,780 

77,437 

20,646 

858 

1,839 

638318 

24,223 
317,107 
188,258 

6,810 

28,452 

10,334 

3,725 

2,460 

22,248 

20,929 

1,827 

5,863 

53,137 

3,039 

3,340 

3,934 

15,239 

1,269 

5,652 

108,716 

4,776 

24,400 

17,927 

28,562 

12,949 

7,772 

12,330 

14 

338,727 

53,341 

5,580 

84,764 

26,196 

47,144 

16,077 

4,208 

2,362 

23.042 

6,917 

67,860 

1,236 

2,645 

18,487 



9,566 
11,626 
53,386 
43,062 

452,356 

314,559 

106,705 

20,404 

10,688 

2,458,683 

10,687 

1,275,849 

778,734 

15,033 

247,232 

36,296 

19,098 

17,504 

72,832 

80,648 

5,670 

33,476 

130,437 

11,346 

8,129 

8,101 

69,418 

6,407 

17,107 

393,351 

13,399 

86,013 

65,031 

103,827 

37,966 

34,903 

52,212 

62 

1,677,747 

332,152 

18,419 
492,157 

96,296 
175,447 

75,744 
9,509 

11,001 
101,539 

30,652 

331,888 

2,943 

18,267 

88.898 



145 

213 

527 

1,994 

5,175 

2,671 

370 

87 

2,047 

77,896 

634 
15,255 
31,966 

546 

325 

739 

57 

63 

2,021 

12,688 

1,489 

1,289 

6,809 

41 

555 

827 

2,411 

56 

2,050 

30,041 

797 

3,543 

6,076 

4,621 

9,820 

2,957 

2,227 

68,083 

4,427 
1,915 

14,788 
4,487 
7,152 
3,531 
1,465 
660 

25,027 

1,329 

3,052 

250 

583 

5,721 



13 

6 

20 

31 

420 

390 

25 

2 

3 

3,765 

3,123 
278 
124 

6 
1 
1 

12 
14 
16 

1 

24 
20 



16 

2 

11 

240 

1 

99 

12 

12 

65 

14 

37 

2,598 

881 
186 
167 

21 
994 

10 

5 

128 

27 

104 

75 

3 
351 



801 

620 

945 

4,544 

2,989 

1,982 
535 
289 
183 

43,637 

13,368 

14,773 

10,387 

269 

3,243 

447 

260 

14 

579 

455 

94 

242 

1,954 

250 

113 

149 

1,400 

51 

867 

5,109 

273 

800 

555 

730 

837 

313 

1,601 

25,246 

2,795 
743 

7,370 
848 

3,721 

1,773 
201 
335 

1.754 
185 

5.442 
79 

163 

2,227 



16 

48 
109 

343 

178 

119 
45 

2 

12 

2,351 

626 

1,189 

348 

1 

157 

7 

5 

3 

15 

22 

1 

3 

58 

3 

1 
48 

3 

21 

188 

8 
55 

9 
62 
22 
11 
21 

2,295 

228 

30 

689 

150 

228 

90 

6 

18 

88 

45 

723 

3 
228 



174 

630 

1,543 

1,447 

5,168 

3,823 

1,269 

19 

57 

44,611 

11,131 

17,832 

13,714 

65 

459 

112 

3 

61 

1,907 

1,273 

16 

160 

8,737 

41 

22 

11 

748 

4 

95 

1,934 

34 

376 

391 

279 

309 

88 

457 

13,551 

2,242 
162 

3.301 
877 

2,198 

403 

171 

31 

1,487 
123 

2,542 
14 

40 

814 



See footnotes at end of table. 



105 



TABLE 39. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED CLASS OF ADMISSION 

AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 

FISCAL YEAR 1994— Continued 



Region and country of 
citizenship 



International 
represen- 
tatives ' 



Represen- 
tatives of 
foreign 
information 
media ' 



Exchange 
visitors 



Spouses 

and 

children of 

exchange 



Fian- 
ces(ees) 
of U.S. 
citizens ' 



Intra- 
company 
transferees 



Spouses 

and 
children of 

intra- 
company 
transferees 



NATO 
officials ' 



Free -Trade 
Agreement 
workers ' 



All countries 

Europe 

Austria 

Belgium 

Bulgaria 

Czechoslovakia 

Denmark 

Finland 

France 

Germany 

Greece 

Hungary 

Iceland 

Ireland 

Italy 

Luxembourg 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Soviet Union, former 

Russia 

Ukraine 

Other republics 

Unknown republic 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

Bangladesh 

China' 

Hong Kong 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Kuwait 

Lebanon 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Saudi Arabia 

Singapore 

Sri Lanka 

Syria 

Thailand 

Turkey 

United Arab Emirates .... 
Other Asia 

Africa 

Egypt 

Kenya 

See footnotes at end of table 



74,722 

27,543 
497 

1,191 
186 
180 
701 
526 

4,718 

2,681 
353 
273 
126 
493 

1,727 
30 

1,512 
525 
354 
298 
287 

2,531 

1,939 
171 
292 
129 

1,065 
980 
519 

5,166 
396 
228 

15328 

363 

1,302 
79 

2,930 
380 
404 
525 

1,604 
238 
543 
117 
379 
406 
879 

2,365 
176 
151 
464 
125 
389 
526 
33 
950 

8,894 

714 
437 



27,691 

14,543 

231 

314 

111 

146 

181 

122 

1,281 

2,748 

213 

180 

5 

284 

822 

6 

551 

220 

197 

114 

121 

379 

279 

54 

21 

25 

653 

440 

380 

4,545 

219 

80 

7,818 

3 

427 

98 

159 

140 

2 

142 

5,080 

14 

1,040 

7 

21 

54 

26 

162 

24 

48 

5 

2 

149 

183 

4 

28 

387 

73 



216,610 

131,771 

1,775 
1,707 

814 
2,378 
3,449 
2,309 
13,184 
21,990 
1,018 
1,960 

516 
7,104 
5,276 
38 
5,004 
2,690 
2,621 

532 

739 

14,220 

9,545 

1,712 

2,527 

436 

6,392 

5,264 

3,008 

25,559 

943 
1,281 

40,592 

264 

6,160 

398 

3,394 

1,043 

150 

2,708 

10,620 

491 

3,326 

71 

498 

1,067 

1,769 

1,320 

472 

310 

263 

315 

1,515 

2,374 

79 

1,985 

7,248 

1,773 
281 



42,561 

12,612 

179 

198 

199 

281 

238 

244 

1,132 

1,888 

154 

453 

172 

123 

686 

7 

379 

300 

448 

75 

109 

1,931 

1,484 

165 

133 

149 

683 

387 

649 

1,385 

144 

168 

20,768 

71 

3.643 

35 

1,338 

401 

144 

1,740 

6,264 

212 

3,517 

35 

85 

306 

697 

193 

607 

162 

108 

151 

172 

509 

30 

348 

1,700 

662 
59 



8,888 

2,155 

12 

7 

14 

34 

13 

14 

95 

201 

45 

20 

2 

32 

47 

48 
12 

165 
33 
76 

669 

489 
86 
33 
61 
33 
39 
21 

441 
44 
38 

4,135 

2 
577 

39 
239 

40 
196 

29 
273 

63 
229 

102 

35 

50 

1,601 

4 

12 

5 

58 

173 

34 

374 

394 

28 
9 



98,189 

45,779 

703 

905 

28 

36 

849 

1,074 

5,626 

6,309 

148 

98 

33 

1.093 

1,780 

78 

2,240 

484 

105 

207 

28 

1,342 

1,085 

141 

47 

69 

1,120 

2,517 

1,420 

17.405 

82 

69 

28,707 
18 

4,319 

331 

1,541 

125 

48 

681 

17,930 

34 

1,546 

38 

67 

390 

99 

770 

HI 

353 

34 

13 

66 

137 

1 

55 

811 

117 
19 



56,048 

22,667 

227 

578 

36 

35 

299 

625 

3,449 

2,916 

51 

70 

26 

410 

759 

22 

1.185 

239 

70 

87 

24 

983 

758 

101 

56 

68 

474 

1,203 

805 

8,003 

68 

23 

19,820 

11 

1,749 

222 

1,028 

151 

59 

597 

13,476 

49 

1,168 

18 

34 

260 

98 

340 

138 

236 

17 

23 

44 

66 

1 

35 

672 

108 
II 



9,135 

7,552 
8 

240 
I 
3 

313 

1 

29 

3,375 

272 

3 

I 

17 

362 
4 

430 

324 
4 

386 
2 



135 
5 
9 
1,612 
6 
2 

573 

37 
4 

15 
4 
3 

15 
4 

33 
1 
I 
1 
2 

18 
2 
6 



9 

414 

3 
1 

23 

4 



30,870 



106 



TABLE 39. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED CLASS OF ADMISSION 

AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 

FISCAL YEAR 1994— Continued 



Region and country of 
citizenship 



International 

represen- 
tatives " 



Represen- 
tatives of 
foreign 
information 
media 



Exchange 
visitors 



Spouses 

and 

children of 

exchange 



Fian- 
ces(ees) 
of U.S. 
citizens ' 



Intra- 
company 
transferees 



Spouses 

and 
children of 

intra- 
company 
transferees 



NATO 
officials ' 



Free-Trade 
Agreement 
workers ' * 



Unknown 



Morocco 

Nigeria 

South Africa 

Other Africa 

Oceania 

Australia 

New Zealand 

Pacific Island Trust Territory 
Other Oceania 

North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Antigua-Barbuda 

Bahamas, The 

Barbados 

Cayman Islands 

Cuba 

Dominica 

Dominican Republic 

Grenada 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

Netherlands Antilles 

St. Kitts & Nevis 

St. Lucia 

Trinidad & Tobago 

Turks & Caicos Islands 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

Other North America 

South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Paraguay 

Peru 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Other South America 

Stateless 

Unknown 



371 

635 

223 

6,514 

1,979 

1,329 

516 

g 

126 

7,004 

1,721 

1,188 

2,098 

68 

72 

173 

1 

252 

114 

228 

56 

156 

450 

4 

11 

38 

438 

37 
1,997 

28 
392 
427 
363 
226 
294 
267 

12,969 

2,052 

561 

2,619 

1,506 

1,569 

451 

344 

155 

1,870 

835 

961 

46 



1,003 



57 

62 

67 

128 

794 

677 
103 

14 

1,172 

135 
628 
266 



35 

31 

24 

2 

3 

32 

6 



107 
143 

2 
60 
25 
16 
7 
1 
32 

2,751 

583 

41 

989 

238 

265 

68 

2 

41 

168 

121 

234 

1 



224 



409 

372 
1,200 
3,213 

5,375 

3.854 

1,377 

4 

140 

16,420 

6,379 

4,421 

1,826 

25 

89 

89 

7 

21 

382 

176 

30 

84 

679 

6 

14 

32 

133 

5 

54 

3,792 

158 

1,058 

636 

528 

594 

373 

445 

2 

13,515 

1,688 
311 

5,561 
747 

1,405 
631 
80 
159 
615 
254 

2,044 
20 

27 

1,662 



56 
125 

335 
463 

933 

754 
162 

17 

2,789 
996 

1,220 
174 

26 
3 
1 
2 

34 

21 
3 
8 

40 



3 
28 

1 

4 
398 

2 
133 
17 
93 
43 
34 
76 

1 

3,450 

558 

39 

1,303 

272 

215 



31 
152 

71 

709 

4 



307 



17 
138 

23 
179 

128 

94 

23 

11 

1,459 

533 
402 
324 

2 

9 

5 

2 

19 

43 

76 

4 

25 

110 

1 
1 

24 

3 
200 

3 

33 
31 
18 
40 
13 
62 



500 

21 

7 

142 

24 

168 

35 

21 

9 

53 

5 

14 
1 



112 



20 

68 

413 

174 

4,046 

3,267 
764 

15 

10,534 

6,482 

2,632 

674 

3 

82 

42 

2 

I 

125 

103 

3 

25 

149 

3 

1 

118 

2 

15 

746 

26 
247 
125 
125 
37 
41 
145 

8,066 

1,242 

32 

3,283 

434 

772 

150 

14 

21 

469 

103 

1,543 

3 

15 

231 



10 

63 

393 

87 

1,791 

1,464 
303 

24 

6,364 

4,263 

1,532 

301 

1 

28 

22 



73 
43 



49 
1 



69 

7 
268 

13 
98 
18 
55 
8 
13 
63 

4,509 

617 

14 

1,950 

227 

362 

78 

11 
166 

54 

1,028 

2 



218 



3 
15 

37 

32 
5 



743 

487 

155 

79 

1 

18 

3 

3 

2 

14 

7 

3 

10 
1 

2 
12 
1 
2 
22 
1 
5 
4 
6 
2 
1 
3 

135 

22 

38 
8 

11 
3 
1 
2 

11 
3 

36 



71 



30,870 

30,847 
23 



Excludes the following classes of admission processed in the Nonimmigrant Information System: for all countries — 1 1 1,403 parolees; 22,461 withdrawals and 
stowaways; and 1 14,47 1 refugees. ' Includes amvals under the Visa Waiver Pilot Program. See Nonimmigrant section of text. ' Includes spouses and unmamed 
minor (or dependent) children. ^ Includes foreign government officials and their spouses and unmamed minor (or dependent) children in transit. ' Excludes entnes 
of workers under the Free-Trade Agreements (shown separately). ' Includes Mainland China and Taiwan. A total of 453,751 nonimmigrant visas were issued in 
these twocounmes m fiscal year 1994: 160,070 to Taiwan and 293,681 to Mainland China. (SOURCE: U.S. Department of State, Bureau of Consular Affairs, Visa 
Office.) ' Includes minor children of fiances(ees). ' Entries under the U.S. -Canada Free-Trade Agreement ended December 31, 1993; entries of Canadian citizens 
under this program dunng fiscal year 1994 were 5,529 (including spouses and children). Entries under the North Amencan Free-Trade Agreement began January 1, 1994. 
NOTE: See Glossary for detailed descriptions of classes of admission. - Represents zero. 107 



TABLE 40. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY CLASS OF ADMISSION 
SELECTED FISCAL YEARS 1981-94 



Class of admission ' 



1981 



1985 



1990 



199P 



1992' 



1993 = 



All classes ' 

Foreign government officials and families 

Ambassadors, public ministers, career 
diplomatic or consular officers (Al) 

Other foreign government officials or 
employees (A2) 

Attendants, servants, or personal employees 
of Al and A2 classes (A3) 

Temporary vistors 

For business (Bl) 

Visa Waiver, business 

For pleasure ;B2) 

Visa Waiver, pleasure 

Transit aliens 

Aliens in transit (CI) 

Aliens in transit to the U.N. (C2) 

Foreign government officials and families 

in transit (C3) 

Transit without visa (C4) 

Treaty traders and investors and families 

Treaty traders (El) 

Treaty investors (E2 ) 

Students 

Academic students (Fl) 

Vocational students (Ml) 

Spouses and children of students 

Academic students (F2) 

Vocational students (M2) 

Representatives (and families) to 

international organizations 

Principals of recognized foreign 

governments (01) 

Other representatives of recognized 

foreign governments (G2) 

Representatives of nonrecognized foreign 

governments (G3) 

International organization officers or 

employees (G4) 

Attendants, servants, or personal 

employees of representatives (G5) 

Temporary workers and trainees ' 

Registered nurses (HIA) ' 

Specialty occupations (HIB) ' 

Performing services unavailable in the 
United States (H2) 

Agricultural workers (H2A) 

Nonagricultural workers (H2B) 

Industrial trainees (H3) 

Workers with extraordinary 

ability/achievement (Ol) ' 

Workers accompanying and assisting in 

performance of 1 workers (02) ' 

Internationally recognized athletes or 

entertainers (PI) ' 



11,756,903 
84,710 

NA 
NA 
NA 

10,650,592 

1,135,422 
X 

9,515,170 
X 

214,218 

NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 

80,802 

NA 
NA 

240,805 

NA 

NA 

31,056 

NA 
NA 

54,223 
NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 

44,770 
X 

NA 

NA 
X 
X 

NA 

X 
X 
X 



9,539,880 
90,190 

21,168 

67,084 

1,938 

8,405,409 

1,796,819 
X 

6,608,590 
X 

236,537 

138,957 
1,804 

7,010 
88,766 

96,489 

65,406 
31,083 

257,069 

251,234 

5,835 

28,427 

27,747 
680 

57,203 

8,316 

6,989 

271 

40,397 

1,230 

74,869 
X 

47,322 

24,544 

X 

X 

3.003 

X 

X 

X 



17,574,055 
96,689 

22,018 

72,511 

2,160 

16,079,666 

2.661,338 

294,065 

13,418,328 

4,528,112 

306,156 

153,801 
1,296 

6,190 
144,869 

147,536 

78,658 
68,878 

326,264 

319,467 

6,797 

28,943 

28,490 
453 

61,449 

8,256 

8,110 

376 

43,104 

1,603 

139,587 
X 

100,446 

35,973 

18,219 

17,754 

3,168 

X 

X 

X 



18,920,045 
97,833 

22,743 
72,965 

2,125 

17,234,400 

2,616,335 
369,861 

14,618,065 
5,600.296 

364,456 

174.603 
960 

6,613 
182,280 

155,049 

76,952 
78,097 

343,238 

335.623 

7,615 

31,182 

30,499 
683 

64,451 

8,157 

7,280 

463 

46,913 

1,638 

159,714 

2,130 
1 14,467 

39.882 

18,440 

21,442 

3,235 

X 

X 

X 



20,910,880 
102,638 

23,519 

77,099 

2,020 

19,229,066 

2,788,069 

527,655 

16,440,997 

7,971,149 

345,930 

168,289 
1,035 

7,581 
169,025 

152,385 

71,796 
80,589 

368,686 

360.964 

7.722 

32,601 

31,988 

613 



69,947 

8.439 

8,898 

412 

50.674 

1.524 

163,262 

7,176 
110,223 

34.442 

16,390 

18,052 

3,352 

456 

258 

3.548 



21,566,404 
102,121 

23,783 

76,393 

1,945 

19,879,443 

2,961,092 

640.397 

16,918,351 

8,624,006 

331,208 

173,149 
796 

7,923 
149,340 

144,644 

65,362 
79,282 

370,620 

362,700 

7,920 

32,652 

32,103 
549 

72,755 

9.032 

8.962 

362 

52.856 
1,543 

162,976 

6,506 
92,795 

29,475 

14.628 

14,847 

3.126 

3.105 

964 

17.109 



See footnotes at end of table. 



108 



TABLE 40. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY CLASS OF ADMISSION 
SELECTED FISCAL YEARS 1981-94— Continued 



Class of admission ' 



1981 



1985 



1990 



1991 



1992 = 



1993 = 



1994 



Artists or entertainers in reciprocal 
exchange programs (P2) ' 

Artists or entertainers in culturally unique 
programs (P3) ' 

Workers in international cultural exchange 
programs (Ql) ' 

Workers in religious occupations (Rl) ' .... 

Spouses and children of temporary 

workers and trainees ' 

Spouses and children of HI, H2, and H3 
workers (H4) 

Spouses and children of Ol and 02 
workers (03) ' 

Spouses and children of PI, P2, and P3 
workers (P4) ' 

Spouses and children of Rl workers (R2) ' 

Representatives (and families) of foreign 
information media (II) 



Exchange visitors (Jl) 

Spouses and children of exchange visitors (J2) 

Fiances(ees) of U.S. citizens (Kl) 

Children of fiances(ees) of U.S. citizens (K2) 



Intracompany transferees (LI) 

Spouses and children of intracompany 

transferees (L2) 



NATO officials and families (Nl-7) . 



Professional workers, U.S. -Canada Free- 
Trade Agreement (TC) ' 

Spouses and children of U.S. -Canada Free- 
Trade Agreement workers (TB) ' 

Professional workers, North American Free- 
Trade Agreement (TN) ' 

Spouses and and children of North American 
Free-Trade Agreement workers (TD) ' 



Unknown 



X 

X 

X 
X 

10,110 

10.110 

X 

X 
X 

16.708 

80.230 
27.793 

5.456 

742 

38.595 

26.449 

7.124 

X 
X 
X 
X 

142,520 



X 

X 

X 
X 

12,632 

12,632 

X 

X 
X 

16,753 

110,942 
30,271 

6,975 
832 

65,349 

41,533 

8,323 

X 
X 
X 
X 

77 



X 

X 

X 
X 

28,687 

28,687 

X 

X 
X 

20,252 

174,247 
40,397 

6,545 
673 

63,180 

39,375 

8,333 

5,293 

594 

X 

X 

189 



X 

X 

X 
X 

34,803 

34,803 

X 

X 
X 

21,073 

182,693 
40,737 

7,458 
750 

70,505 

42,529 

8,698 

8,123 

777 

X 

X 

51,576 



90 
1,131 

9 

2,577 

40,009 

39,155 

1 

152 
701 

21,695 

189,485 
41,807 

7,783 
771 

75,315 

45,464 

8,880 

12,531 

1.271 

X 

X 

1.354 



422 
4.036 

994 

4.444 

39,704 

37.833 

322 

498 
1,051 

21,032 

196,782 
42.623 

8.541 
816 

82.606 

49,537 

8,902 

16,610 

2,386 

X 

X 

446 



613 

4,942 

1,546 
5.951 

43,207 

40,490 

549 

562 
1,606 

27,691 

216,610 
42,561 

8,124 
764 

98,189 

56,048 

9,135 

5,031 

498 

19,806 

5,535 

878 



' See Glossary for detailed descriptions of classes of admission. 
' Data for fiscal years 1991-93 differ from data published in previous Yearbooks due to corrections in the underreporting of student entries and more minor 
adjustments to entries for other classes of nonimmigrant admission. See Nonimmigrant section of text. 

' Excludes classes of admission processed in the Nonimmigrant Information System in the following years; for all countries — 1985 - 64,487 parolees {Rl-3), 3,239 
withdrawals (R4) and stowaways (R5), and 68.044 refugees (RF); 1989 - 106.857 parolees (Rl-3), 20,605 withdrawals (R4) and stowaways (R5), and 101,072 
refugees (RF); 1990 - 90.265 parolees (Rl-3), 19,984 withdrawals (R4) and stowaways (R5), and 1 10.197 refugees (RF); 1991 - 127.146 parolees (Rl-3). 26.059 
withdrawals (R4) and stowaways (R5). and 100,229 refugees (RF); 1992 - 137,478 parolees, 25.839 withdrawals (WD) and stowaways (ST), and 123.010 refugees 
(RE); 1993 - 123,628 parolees, 26,435 withdrawals (WD) and stowaways (ST), and 1 13,152 refugees (RE); 1994 - 1 1 1,403 parolees, 22,461 withdrawals (WD) and 
stowaways (ST), and 1 14,471 refugees (RE). 

' Excludes entries under the U.S.-Canada Free-Trade Agreement and the North American Free-Trade Agreement (shown separately). 

' EnUies began October 1, 1990 (fiscal year 1991). Data for fiscal year 1991 are underreported; an unknown number of HIA entries were counted as HIB entries. 
' Prior to October 1, 1991 (fiscal year 1992). HIB entries were termed "Distinguished ment or ability." Data for fiscal year 1991 are overreported; an unknown 
number of HIA entries were counted as HIB enuies. 
' EnUies began in April 1992. 

' Entries under the U.S.-Canada Free-Trade Agreement began January 1989 and ended December 31, 1993. Entries under the North American Free-Trade 
Agreement began January 1. 1994. 

NOTE: "Family." "immediate family." and "spouse and children" are defined as spouse and unmamed minor (or dependent) children. 
NA Not available. X Not applicable. 



109 



TABLE 41. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED AS TEMPORARY WORKERS, EXCHANGE VISITORS, AND 
INTRACOMPANY TRANSFEREES BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 

FISCAL YEAR 1994 



Region and country 
of citizenship 



Total 



Registered 
nurses 
(HIA) 



Workers 

with 

specialty 

occupations 

(HIB) 



Other temporary workers 
(H2) 



Agricultural 

(H2A) 



Non- 
agricultural 
(H2B) 



Industrial 

trainees 

(H3) 



Exchange 

visitors 

(Jl) 



All countries 

Europe 

Albania 

Austria 

Belgium 

Bulgaria 

Czechoslovakia 

Denmark 

Estonia 

Finland 

France 

Germany 

Greece 

Hungary 

Iceland 

Ireland 

Italy 

Latvia 

Liechtenstein 

Lithuania 

Luxembourg 

Malta 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Soviet Union, former 

Russia 

Ukraine 

Other republics 

Unknown republic .... 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

Afghanistan 

Bahrain 

Bangladesh 

Cambodia 

China ' 

Cyprus 

Hong Kong 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Iraq 

, Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Kuwait 

Lebanon 

See footnotes at end of table. 

110 



525,624 

238,222 

289 

3,285 

3,695 

1,072 

2,743 

5,132 

398 

4,039 

25,209 

34,208 

2,110 

2,759 

694 

9,853 

10,169 

375 

30 

408 

165 

64 

9,955 

4,124 

3,956 

972 

1,024 

20,917 

14,882 

2,381 

2,814 

840 

10,102 

9,346 

5,757 

63,605 

1,756 

11 

125,923 
16 
59 

532 

66 

14,695 

761 

1,482 

23,410 

1,470 

420 

102 

5,557 

38,848 

887 

7,721 

140 

1,175 



6,106 
681 

2 

4 

2 
6 



1 

3 

129 

2 



14 
3 
2 
I 

3 

3 



3 
4 
4 
482 
1 



4,627 



12 



10 
103 



6 

13 

4 

35 



105,899 

38,941 

9 

425 

759 

152 

169 

636 

17 

430 

4,548 

4,042 

604 

334 

120 

805 

2,107 

30 

6 

38 

46 

3 

2,068 

554 

718 

150 

183 

2,104 

1,674 

198 

108 

124 

1,693 

1,129 

817 

13,696 

546 

3 

41,186 

3 

4 

208 

1 

2,721 

74 

599 

16,948 

231 

200 

66 

1,897 

7,317 

284 

1,481 

25 

509 



13,185 

45 



3 
11 



1 
21 



69 



34 



15,687 

1,553 

29 
60 

107 
I 
14 
75 
4 
34 
40 

146 
27 



71 
21 



1 

106 

37 

42 

14 

2 

87 

62 

20 

2 

3 

9 

103 

170 

326 

27 



4,076 



476 

9 
52 
23 

1 

13 

1,227 

1 

656 

4 

1 



3,075 

1,330 

17 

11 

7 

6 

28 

2 

32 

186 

190 

2 

7 

5 

29 

107 

1 

17 



116 

25 

34 

7 

5 

92 

65 

19 

1 

7 

83 

22 

101 

186 

12 



1,107 



216,610 

131,771 

242 

1,775 

1,707 

814 

2,378 

3,449 

340 

2,309 

13,184 

21,990 

1,018 

1,960 

516 

7,104 

5,276 

316 

15 

313 

38 

48 

5,004 

2,690 

2,621 

532 

739 

14,220 

9,545 

1,712 

2,527 

436 

6,392 

5.264 

3.008 

25.559 

943 

7 

40,592 



- 


48 


1 


264 


- 


42 


78 


6,160 


- 


570 


7 


398 


38 


3,394 


14 


1,043 


1 


150 


- 


11 


15 


2.708 


764 


10,620 


1 


491 


127 


3,326 


- 


71 


- 


498 



TABLE 41. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED AS TEMPORARY WORKERS, EXCHANGE VISITORS, AND 
INTRACOMPANY TRANSFEREES BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 

FISCAL YEAR 1994— Continued 



Region and country 
of citizenship 



Total 



Registered 
nurses 
(HIA) 



Workers 

with 

specialty 

occupations 

(HIB) 



Other temporary workers 
(H2) 



Agricultural 
(H2A) 



Non- 
agricultural 
(H2B) 



Industrial 

trainees 

(H3) 



Exchange 

visitors 

(Jl) 



Macau 

Malaysia 

Nepal 

Oman 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Qatar 

Saudi Arabia , 

Singapore , 

Sri Lanka 

Syria 

Thailand 

Turkey 

United Arab Emirates 

Vietnam 

Yemen , 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Algeria 

Botswana 

Cameroon 

Cape Verde 

Cote d'lviore 

Egypt 

Ethiopia 

Gambia, The 

Ghana 

Guinea 

Kenya 

Liberia 

Mali 

Mauritius 

Morocco 

Niger 

Nigeria 

Senegal 

Sierra Leone 

South Africa 

Sudan 

Tanzania 

Togo 

Tunisia 

Uganda 

Zaire 

Zambia 

Zimbabwe 

Other Africa , 

Oceania , 

Australia , 

Fiji 

New Zealand , 

Pacific Island Trust Territory 

Tonga 

Western Samoa 

Other Oceania 

See footnotes at end of table. 



5 

2,146 

270 

739 

3,072 

13,657 

117 

687 

1,126 

624 

621 

1,995 

3,146 

85 

127 

79 

86 

12,567 

209 
168 
200 

40 

359 

2,407 

247 

44 
476 
165 
497 

47 
132 

40 

603 

146 

1,070 

344 

67 
3,156 

77 
353 

44 
105 
188 
156 
140 
257 
830 

14,589 

10,944 
80 
3,410 
23 
26 
13 
93 



5 
4,414 



1 
1 

14 



187 



2 

11 

2 
2 



1 
9 

80 

2 
72 



1 
1 

282 
149 

133 



629 

37 

4 

1,087 

5,098 

3 

79 

435 

285 

187 

198 

546 

3 

4 

9 

14 

2,986 

59 
6 

45 

47 

411 

54 

6 

79 

8 

156 

21 

4 

10 

81 

41 

351 

47 

27 

1,240 

31 

43 

1 

19 

34 

24 

28 

49 

64 

3399 

2,676 
15 
699 
2 
1 
3 
3 



29 



103 

23 

80 



19 

2 

9 
1,566 

1 

5 

10 



40 



28 



335 

224 

1 

110 



3 
23 

5 
5 
2 

9 
6 



36 



4 
4 

II 
1 



42 
31 

10 
1 



5 

1,067 

205 

734 

1,769 

1,320 

112 

472 

310 

263 

315 

1,515 

2,374 

79 

116 

69 

65 

7,248 

127 
162 
121 

37 

148 

1,773 

146 

34 
328 

91 
281 

17 

70 

27 
409 

77 
372 
204 

34 
1,200 

40 
289 

43 

81 
126 

65 

76 
165 
705 

5375 

3,854 

48 

1,377 

4 

19 

4 

69 



111 



TABLE 41. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED AS TEMPORARY WORKERS, EXCHANGE VISITORS, AND 
INTRACOMPANY TRANSFEREES BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 

FISCAL YEAR 1994— Continued 



Region and country 
of citizenship 



Total 



Registered 
nurses 
(HIA) 



Workers 

with 

specialty 

occupations 

(HIB) 



Other temporary workers 
(H2) 



Agricultural 
(H2A) 



Non- 
agricultural 
(H2B) 



Industrial 

trainees 

(H3) 



Exchange 

visitors 

(Jl) 



North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Anguilla 

Antigua 

Aruba 

Bahamas, The 

Barbados 

Bermuda 

British Virgin Islands 

Cayman Islands 

Cuba 

Dominica 

Dominican Republic 

Grenada 

Guadeloupe 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

Montserrat 

Netherland Antilles 

St. Kitts & Nevis 

St. Lucia 

St. Vincent & Grenadines 

Trinidad & Tobago 

Turks & Caicos Islands .. 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

Other North America 

South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Paraguay 

Peru 

Suriname 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Stateless 

Unknown 



96,402 

48,818 
24,896 
16,214 

3 

93 

9 

630 

243 

66 

9 

12 

83 

2,414 

1,552 

49 

15 

269 

9,565 

13 

50 

37 

43 

48 

999 

11 

1 

6,472 

218 

1,681 

1,152 

932 

940 

502 

1,047 

2 

35,132 

5,172 

505 

12,145 

2,058 

4,375 

1,184 

265 

211 

2,571 

37 

480 

6,129 

82 

2,707 



279 
41 
35 

200 



42 
4 
-> 



3 

1 

1 
112 



35 



47 
2 

6 
10 

9 
15 



9,478 

3,527 
3,256 
1,630 

2 

41 

4 

183 

90 

32 

2 

2 

5 

199 

199 

12 

1 

23 

400 

4 

33 

7 

4 

10 

375 

2 

1,065 

22 
281 
152 
121 
126 

48 
315 



9,547 

1,768 

115 

2,354 

672 

1,236 

317 

101 

28 

1,049 

13 

93 

1,801 

25 

337 



12,679 

514 
6,082 
6,077 



192 



5,870 



273 
1 



39 



232 



9,143 

3,932 
3,524 
1,476 



302 
169 

1 
1 

980 



15 



211 

31 

7 
23 
72 

5 
73 



465 

52 

17 

23 

103 

33 

2 

46 

3 

186 



75 



430 

92 

258 

63 



15 

4 
5 



13 
14 



1 
2 

17 

4 
2 
3 
4 
1 
3 

116 

2 

30 
50 
15 

1 

4 

14 

14 



16,420 

6.379 

4,421 

1,826 

1 

25 

2 

89 

89 

10 

4 

7 

21 

382 

176 

30 

8 

84 

679 

3 

6 

14 

32 

26 

133 

5 

3,792 

158 
1,058 
636 
528 
594 
373 
445 
2 

13,515 

1,688 
311 

5,561 
747 

1,405 
631 
80 
159 
615 
20 
254 

2,044 

27 
1,662 



See footnotes at end of table. 



112 



TABLE 41. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED AS TEMPORARY WORKERS, EXCHANGE VISITORS, AND 
INTRACOMPANY TRANSFEREES BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 

FISCAL YEAR 1994— Continued 



Region and country 
of citizenship 



Workers 

with 

extraordinary 

ability or 

achievement 

(Ol) 



Workers 
accom- 
panying and 
assisting in 
performance 
ofOl 
workers 
(02) 



Inter- 
nationally 
recognized 
athletes or 
entertainers 

(PI) 



Artists or 

entertainers 

in reciprocal 

exchange 

programs 

(P2) 



Artists or 

entertainers 

in culturally 

unique 

programs 

(P3) 



Workers 
in inter- 
national 
cultural 
exchange 
programs 
(Ql) 



Workers in 

religious 

occupations 

(Rl) 



Free-Trade 
Agreement 

workers 
(TC, TN) ' 



All countries 

Europe 

Albania 

Austria 

Belgium 

Bulgaria 

Czechoslovakia 

Denmark 

Estonia 

Finland 

France 

Germany 

Greece 

Hungary 

Iceland 

Ireland 

Italy 

Latvia 

Liechtenstein 

Lithuania 

Luxembourg 

Malta 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Soviet Union, former 

Russia 

Ukraine 

Other republics 

Unknown republic .... 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

Afghanistan 

Bahrain 

Bangladesh 

Cambodia 

China ' 

Cyprus 

Hong Kong 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Iraq 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Kuwait 

Lebanon 

See footnotes at end of table. 



5,029 

3,347 

76 

17 

2 

22 

59 

7 

22 

299 

243 

7 

104 

11 

69 

254 

4 

3 

1 



137 

26 

34 

19 

6 

239 

190 
19 
11 
19 

146 

74 

78 

1,357 

31 



394 

4 

48 

21 

28 

1 

4 

4 

59 

141 

33 

17 



1,455 
562 

5 
1 

2 

2 

1 
II 

46 
1 



39 

40 

2 



27 

21 

I 

5 

30 
I 

320 



267 



14 

62 
16 

3 

5 

3 

45 

34 

35 



22,500 

9,828 

6 

204 

169 

63 

63 

12 

1 

39 

759 

864 

187 

190 

315 

255 
5 



2 

I 

180 

13 

236 

23 

20 

2,004 

1,625 

222 

36 

121 

412 

173 

111 

3,491 

29 

I 

950 



9 

267 

1 

1 

59 

21 

2 

89 

257 
63 
44 



613 

124 



6 
9 

7 
3 

2 

II 
I 

2 



16 
14 

^ 



1 

57 

I 



46 

3 

12 

1 
5 



4,942 
1,552 

5 
3 

25 

18 

76 
81 
32 
96 

23 

47 
44 



15 

26 

69 

I 

29 

703 

562 

17 

69 

55 

60 

2 

7 

154 

35 



1,813 



7 
II 

312 
95 
20 

733 
2 
10 

I 

164 

5 

174 

27 



1,546 
1,066 



332 
143 



I 

132 



22 

255 

I 

I 
II 

10 



13 

154 
I 



239 

194 
7 
1 



1 

32 



5,951 

1,643 

2 

13 

12 

5 

24 

12 

1 

16 

126 

188 

17 

40 

6 

140 

150 



3 

43 

10 

64 

16 

11 

68 

25 

30 

7 

6 

147 

44 

39 

397 

42 



1,850 



21 

2 
80 

16 

491 

9 

I 

5 

83 

298 

3 

259 

2 



113 



TABLE 41. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED AS TEMPORARY WORKERS, EXCHANGE VISITORS, AND 
INTRACOMPANY TRANSFEREES BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 

FISCAL YEAR 1994— Continued 



Region and country 
of citizenship 



Workers 

with 

extraordinary 

ability or 

achievement 

(Ol) 



Workers 
accom- 
panying and 
assisting in 
performance 
ofOl 
workers 
(02) 



Inter- 
nationally 
recognized 
athletes or 
entertainers 

(PI) 



Artists or 

entertainers 

in reciprocal 

exchange 

programs 

(P2) 



Artists or 

entertainers 

in culturally 

unique 

programs 

(P3) 



Workers 
in inter- 
national 
cultural 
exchange 
programs 
(Ql) 



Workers in 

religious 

occupations 

(Rl) 



Free-Trade 
Agreement 

workers 
(TC, TN) ^ 



Macau 

Malaysia 

Nepal 

Oman 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Qatar 

Saudi Arabia 

Singapore 

Sri Lanka 

Syria 

Thailand 

Turkey 

United Arab Emirates 

Vietnam 

Yemen 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Algeria 

Botswana 

Cameroon 

Cape Verde 

Cote d'lviore 

Egypt 

Ethiopia 

Gambia, The 

Ghana 

Guinea 

Kenya 

Liberia 

Mali 

Mauritius 

Morocco 

Niger 

Nigeria 

Senegal 

Sierra Leone 

South Africa 

Sudan 

Tanzania 

Togo 

Tunisia 

Uganda , 

Zaire , 

Zambia 

Zimbabwe 

Other Africa 

Oceania 

Australia 

Fiji 

New Zealand 

Pacific Island Trust Territory 

Tonga 

Western Samoa 

Other Oceania 

See footnotes at end of table. 

114 



I 

17 



66 

1 
9 



2 
1 
5 
7 

250 

202 

45 
1 



9 
10 



6 

15 



109 

I 



I 

54 



2 
47 



36 

23 

13 



63 

10 

6 

5 

9 

II 

24 



373 

5 

10 

3 
I 

14 

48 

7 

6 

11 
I 

22 
I 

72 
3 

94 
1 

2 



2 
47 
10 

I 
12 

447 

343 

100 



1 
1 

77 
29 



81 
15 
48 



342 



4 
3 
1 
10 
1 
130 
9 

32 



5 
63 
21 

18 



10 



20 
3 

42 

18 
14 
10 



93 



12 
13 



5 
48 



28 
14 

12 
309 

7 
7 
24 
6 
147 
7 



266 



2 
24 
15 



1 

17 

5 



53 
3 
2 

58 
2 

15 



15 
8 
4 
10 
10 

217 
123 

66 

14 

6 



TABLE 41. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED AS TEMPORARY WORKERS, EXCHANGE VISITORS, AND 
INTRACOMPANY TRANSFEREES BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 

FISCAL YEAR 1994— Continued 



Region and country 
of citizenship 



Workers 

with 

extraordinary 

abiUty or 

achievement 

(OI) 



Workers 
accom- 
panying and 
assisting in 
performance 
ofOl 
workers 
(02) 



Inter- 
nationally 
recognized 
athletes or 
entertainers 

(PI) 



Artists or 

entertainers 

in reciprocal 

exchange 

programs 

(P2) 



Artists or 

entertainers 

in culturally 

unique 

programs 

(P3) 



Workers 
in inter- 
national 
cultural 

exchange 

programs 

(Ql) 



Workers in 

religious 

occupations 

(Rl) 



Free-Trade 
Agreement 

workers 
(TC, TN) ^ 



North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Anguilla 

Antigua 

Aruba 

Bahamas, The 

Barbados 

Bermuda 

British Virgin Islands 

Cayman Islands 

Cuba 

Dominica 

Dominican Republic 

Grenada 

Guadeloupe 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

Montserrat 

Netherland Antilles 

St. Kitts & Nevis 

St. Lucia 

St. Vincent & Grenadines , 

Trinidad & Tobago 

Turks & Caicos Islands .... 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador , 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

Other North America 



South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Paraguay 

Peru 

Suriname 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 



Stateless .., 
Unknown , 



692 

365 
175 
112 



79 



12 



40 



6 

24 



252 
74 

75 
16 
17 



3 
63 

3 

25 



351 

104 

71 

176 



5 
15 

24 



131 



116 

14 

64 

2 
I 

3 



4 
27 



14 



8,954 

1,360 
3,758 
3,443 

18 
1 
5 
2 
1 
1 

6 

1,261 

822 

I 

3 

91 

956 

6 

I 

4 

3 

258 

2 

1 

393 

1 

19 

181 

82 

92 

5 

13 



1,757 

155 

8 

493 

38 

632 

7 



38 

7 
379 



189 



393 

268 
96 
17 



12 

2 
2 
3 
2 



29 

4 



I 
12 



605 

169 
147 
265 



I 

29 
I 

5 



39 
159 



28 



24 



509 

106 
20 

181 

1 

79 

15 

50 

46 



3 

1 

78 



125 

45 

72 

5 



1,482 

714 
358 
250 



16 
4 
2 
1 

5 
92 
30 



2 

5 

36 



6 

3 
31 



160 

10 
39 
27 
31 
12 
23 
18 



433 

63 
19 

79 

37 

97 

26 

5 

3 

48 

I 

4 
51 



52 



24,837 

24,826 
II 



' Includes Mainland China and Taiwan. The number of nonimmigrant visas issued in fiscal year 1994 for Mainland China were: 6 HlAs, 1.250 HlBs, 4 H2As, 485 
H2Bs, 77 H3s, 4,269 Jls, 2,499 Lis, 23 Ols. 1 02, 267 Pis, 6 P2s, 187 P3s, 211 Qls, and 6 Rls. The number of nonimmigrant visas issued in fiscal year 1994 for 
Taiwan were: 5 HlAs, 718 HlBs, no H2As, 3 H2Bs, 6 H3s. 961 Jls, 221 Lis, 4 Ols, no 02s, 2 Pis, no P2s, 62 P3s, no Qls, and 31 Rls. (SOURCE: U.S. 
Department of State, Bureau of Consular Affairs, Visa Office.) 

^ Entries under the U.S. -Canada Free-Trade Agreement ended December 31, 1993; entries of Canadian citizens under this program dunng fiscal year 1994 were 5,031 
(excluding spouses and children). EnUies under die North American Free-Trade Agreement began January 1, 1994. 

NOTE: See Glossary for detailed descriptions of classes of admission. - Represents zero. 

115 



TABLE 42. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED PORT OF ENTRY AND REGION 

AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 

FISCAL YEAR 1994 



Region and country 
of citizenship 



All ports 



Agana 



Atlanta 



Boston 



Chicago 



Dallas 



Honolulu 



All countries 

Europe 

Austria 

Belgium 

Bulgaria 

Czechoslovakia 

Denmark 

Finland 

France 

Germany 

Greece 

Hungary 

Iceland 

Ireland 

Italy 

Luxembourg 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Soviet Union, former 

Russia 

Ukraine 

Other republics 

Unknown republic 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

Bangladesh 

China' 

Cyprus 

Hong Kong 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Kuwait 

Lebanon 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Saudi Arabia 

Singapore 

Sri Lanka 

Syria 

Thailand 

Turkey 

United Arab Emirates 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Egypt 

Ghana 

See footnotes at end of table. 

116 



22,118,706 

9,090,338 

167,474 

188,253 

11,115 

37,454 

121,434 

76,716 

907,216 

1,709,086 

71,917 

39,785 

17,681 

187,882 

613,913 

11,876 

461,943 

118,926 

56,303 

65,118 

17,919 

148,473 

107,655 

18,728 

9,630 

12,460 

320,701 

236,126 

334,915 

3,115,696 

30,207 

22,209 

6,498,850 

14,485 

615,250 

7,377 

128,316 

181,693 

70,126 

24,555 

211,376 

3.974,306 

20,637 

580,787 

17,505 

20,775 

67,951 

45,086 

200,943 

57,158 

67,928 

9,777 

10,463 

84,550 

49,109 

11,514 

27,183 

241,404 

35,320 
7,664 



846,056 

7,119 

129 
56 

1 

167 
47 

573 

826 

15 

11 

1 

57 

342 
1 

294 
48 
18 

257 

2 

20 

15 

4 

I 

82 

210 

331 

3,518 

104 

9 

816,512 

44 

42,089 

I 

3,222 

322 

905 

2 

32 

651,074 

5 

103,626 

1 

1 

358 

23 

13,692 

22 

506 

52 

2 

369 

14 

19 

131 

99 

10 
12 



519,226 

410,449 

7,837 

16,474 

270 

1,706 

2,474 

1,281 

22,570 

141,726 

1,729 

1,857 

43 

12,118 

6,648 

623 

24,057 

1,046 

1,741 

394 

443 

2,272 

1,703 

219 

260 

90 

15,502 

3,499 

25,864 

116,011 

1,673 

591 

49,902 

173 
828 
166 
142 

5,743 
637 
845 

4,618 
28,960 
561 
449 
333 
425 
274 
789 
331 
634 
149 
107 
155 
231 

2,521 
244 
587 

6,112 

765 
251 



495,064 

433,670 

4,818 

8,538 

188 

858 

3,180 

1,083 

38,409 

66,925 

5,981 

1,067 

101 

22,163 

23,606 

354 

18,300 

1,739 

1,052 

7,391 

147 

1,667 

820 

359 

375 

113 

3,515 

5,226 

15,027 

200,666 

1,160 

509 

33,570 

292 
975 
547 
354 

6,437 
691 
784 

5,520 

4,188 
757 
778 
909 

1,564 
645 

1,230 
706 

1,577 
472 
390 
494 
742 

2,049 
598 
871 

9,960 

1,155 
485 



969,901 

602,274 

11,063 

26,089 

881 

3,970 

8,464 

3,569 

52,378 

153,674 

5,107 

1,629 

68 

5,341 

40,269 

646 

18,803 

5,002 

12,248 

969 

2,854 

10,095 

7,021 

1,707 

552 

815 

5,417 

37,739 

34,926 

154,979 

3,693 

2,401 

237,683 

411 
17,943 

610 

3,945 

12,105 

1,958 

1,463 

4,755 

124,393 

3,500 

35,808 

942 
1,368 
1,793 
2,980 
9,537 
1,711 
2,567 

341 
1,007 
2,986 
2,252 
1,478 
1,830 

9,523 

1,377 
397 



404,126 

146,956 

2,923 

1,382 

121 

775 

1,123 

633 

21,913 

47,887 

589 

538 

43 

1,070 

4,252 

170 

2,925 

688 

697 

290 

174 

1,279 

988 

109 

135 

47 

3,926 

1,564 

1,920 

49,489 

397 

188 

56,047 

177 

2,745 

103 

1,497 

3,344 

238 

561 

943 

40,400 

168 

766 

230 

212 

188 

620 

509 

456 

206 

74 

111 

243 

1,268 

372 

616 

3,250 

239 
89 



2,111,834 

74,560 

1.309 

286 

29 

53 

800 

356 

8,519 

21,788 

69 

85 

82 

844 

1,486 

61 

1,737 

515 

107 

1,038 

10 

136 

105 

8 

1 

22 

240 

1,284 

2,411 

31,149 

93 

73 

1,927,983 

118 

80,169 

11 

17,424 

963 

8,674 

62 

353 

1,695,966 

14 

92,391 

71 

20 

5,737 

148 

7,285 

156 

10,546 

237 

12 

6,787 

78 

27 

734 

507 

27 



TABLE 42. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED PORT OF ENTRY AND REGION 

AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 

FISCAL YEAR 1994— Continued 



Region and country 
of citizenship 



All ports 



Agana 



Atlanta 



Boston 



Chicago 



Dallas 



Honolulu 



Kenya 

Morocco 

Nigeria 

Senegal 

South Africa 

Other Africa 

Oceania 

Australia 

New Zealand 

Pacific Island Trust Territory 
Other Oceania 

North America , 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Antigua-Barbuda 

Bahamas, The 

Barbados 

Cayman Islands 

Cuba 

Dominica 

Dominican Republic 

Grenada 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

Netherlands Antilles 

St. Kitts & Nevis 

St. Lucia 

St. Vincent & Grenadines ... 

Trinidad & Tobago 

Turks & Caicos Islands 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

Other North America 

South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Paraguay 

Peru 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Other South America 

Stateless 

Unknown 



8,198 
14,517 
21,436 

7,041 
76,761 
70,467 

588,557 

418,038 

133,461 

21,699 

15,359 

3,363,594 

118,407 
1,658,991 
1,034,952 

22,994 

281,257 
48,898 
23,167 
20,754 

100,957 

117,293 

9,344 

41,477 

203,935 
14,763 
12,279 
13,198 
7,681 
90,669 
7,802 
18,484 

551,165 
19,685 

117,834 
92,268 

140,077 

63,721 

47,017 

70,563 

79 

2,192,067 

406,182 

28,342 

622,220 

134,225 

244,396 

100,411 

16,245 

15,155 

157,712 

41,429 

421,021 

4,729 

21,774 

122,122 



3 

2 

II 

31 
30 

18,053 

2,785 

728 

13,554 

986 

277 

57 

114 

54 

6 

1 

2 

I 

1 

3 

5 

2 

17 
3 



9 
1 

3 
52 
4 
4 
6 
10 
15 

13 

304 

25 

3 

118 

22 

23 

9 

6 
79 

I 
18 

15 
3,677 



359 

192 

1,042 

23 

1,499 

1,981 

1,660 

1,296 

352 

12 

36,207 

759 

24,787 

9,741 

5 

4,025 

21 

244 

24 

20 

32 

3 

24 

3,486 

1,168 

8 

10 

g 

121 

8 

534 

920 

10 

481 

74 

83 

99 

24 

149 

11,143 

542 

52 

5,793 

347 

367 

99 

29 

135 

222 

340 

3,197 

20 

57 

3,696 



649 

270 

1,259 

80 

2,187 

3,875 

7,144 

6,179 

950 

3 

12 

4,645 

2,324 

936 

1,020 

17 

76 

54 

16 

8 

19 

49 

8 

142 

148 

13 

12 

9 

10 

96 

U 

332 

356 

13 

81 

54 

69 

48 

24 

67 

9 

2,669 

514 

62 

787 

288 

286 

105 

17 

10 

177 

45 

366 

12 

111 

3,295 



665 

258 

1,092 

81 

2,571 

3,082 

6,284 

4,872 

1,378 

2 

32 

93,108 

4,242 

81,903 

1,193 

12 

147 

71 

9 

27 

62 

220 

17 

88 

258 

15 

23 

18 

3 

124 

17 

82 

5,766 

34 

646 

820 

3,514 

166 

no 

476 
4 

11,523 

2,434 

256 

4,552 

1,121 

753 

398 

23 

94 

894 

337 

656 

5 

708 

8,798 



158 
61 
871 
8 
861 
963 

1,825 

1,430 
377 

18 

184,853 

2,672 

164,885 

845 

5 

47 

38 

1 

50 

140 

202 

6 

76 

129 

5 

4 

9 

5 

83 

3 

42 

16,450 

26 

6,316 

445 

8,968 

197 

227 

271 

1 

9,206 

1,638 

294 

2,175 

1,028 

883 

435 

12 

90 

1,303 

174 

1,169 

5 

159 

1,830 



10 

8 

15 

1 

317 

121 

100370 

64,947 

22,544 

7,901 

4,978 

2,034 

605 

918 

205 

19 

5 

6 

19 

3 

9 

32 

4 

41 

5 

2 

1 

25 

17 

17 

301 

9 
69 
26 
96 
23 
11 
67 

5 

2,749 

656 

32 
985 
218 
284 
107 
4 

65 
187 

42 
169 

233 
3,398 



See footnotes at end of table. 



117 



TABLE 42. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED PORT OF ENTRY AND REGION 

AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 

FISCAL YEAR 1994— Continued 



Region and country 
of citizenship 



Los Angeles 


Miami 


Newark 


New York 


Orlando 


San 
Francisco 


Washington 
DC 


2,681,447 


3,650,970 


631,406 


3,43236 


875,214 


1,119,554 


603,697 


789,887 


981,983 


483,400 


1,993,317 


686,781 


381,004 


423,114 


18,800 


23,798 


4,489 


50,818 


4,331 


9,448 


4,921 


9,160 


12,449 


2,634 


54,572 


7,649 


7,764 


22,245 


386 


240 


301 


6,996 


38 


185 


516 


2,698 


1,651 


1,170 


13,740 


833 


1,102 


1,572 


15,513 


9,492 


22,496 


26,157 


2,357 


4,986 


2,959 


4,018 


13,681 


4,973 


32,277 


477 


4,187 


1,279 


83,428 


95,434 


78,312 


186,247 


5,260 


40,232 


48,474 


171,380 


163,147 


83,738 


312,341 


53,079 


93,760 


84,715 


2,754 


4,803 


1,004 


34,695 


1,299 


1,278 


2,993 


3,587 


2,002 


4,114 


14.405 


1,446 


1,032 


1,895 


202 


382 


129 


5,443 


3,017 


58 


59 


8,114 


12,811 


5,678 


69,499 


10,018 


6.524 


3,421 


49,377 


123,415 


15,749 


243,794 


4,408 


12,213 


28,285 


1,125 


861 


166 


2,927 


1,159 


860 


495 


38,648 


75,051 


7,080 


82,092 


21,628 


20,681 


23,763 


8,612 


8,921 


37,292 


26,442 


2,064 


2,780 


2,061 


2,019 


1,979 


4,511 


20,954 


851 


843 


1,556 


2,701 


9,017 


8,924 


23,533 


718 


1,680 


944 


1,559 


452 


294 


9,585 


77 


352 


497 


7,469 


6,716 


2,253 


69,114 


870 


11,861 


17,876 


4,625 


5,632 


1,064 


48,188 


722 


9,890 


13,679 


516 


208 


517 


11,857 


67 


426 


1.336 


891 


177 


474 


4,079 


36 


374 


1.432 


1,437 


699 


198 


4,990 


45 


1,171 


1,429 


6,843 


85,413 


37,102 


104,990 


4,812 


3,977 


19,900 


21,890 


19,860 


53,102 


49,307 


4,008 


7,372 


3,731 


36,880 


38,369 


3,474 


85,359 


6,363 


13,489 


26,771 


289,098 


268,154 


100,800 


449,972 


548,628 


133,010 


120,012 


2,552 


2,278 


1,459 


9,426 


315 


752 


1,450 


1,074 


1,607 


2,156 


8,632 


1,076 


578 


724 


1,097,167 


111,639 


85,756 


703,350 


18043 


631,558 


89,960 


1,802 


356 


497 


8,531 


32 


303 


681 


197,900 


7,846 


17,193 


34,674 


356 


132,465 


2,143 


467 


360 


399 


3,041 


166 


190 


396 


34,528 


1,828 


824 


8,548 


567 


31,362 


305 


15,900 


9,188 


5,390 


71,361 


1,906 


10,559 


9,357 


31,670 


1,254 


530 


6,564 


189 


9,136 


976 


5,490 


629 


969 


3,578 


223 


1,669 


1,741 


11,785 


16,996 


6,611 


136,334 


1,290 


2,324 


2,922 


470,747 


47,083 


27,212 


207,456 


3,728 


314,219 


42,078 


1,304 


639 


530 


8,701 


150 


466 


1,208 


146,169 


7,557 


1,398 


86,408 


296 


41.063 


1,319 


881 


856 


223 


8.755 


623 


525 


1,307 


2,134 


1,378 


940 


5,863 


213 


454 


1,498 


35,657 


921 


698 


6,252 


520 


7,969 


621 


2,483 


1,127 


1,926 


25,182 


263 


899 


1.699 


66,146 


5,564 


1,922 


16,887 


571 


41,254 


1,343 


2,785 


1,823 


454 


27,845 


4,249 


706 


9,426 


22,840 


601 


880 


7,946 


283 


14.383 


330 


1,976 


434 


752 


2,335 


93 


452 


785 


1,042 


312 


345 


4,595 


137 


173 


542 


34,507 


669 


988 


5,583 


187 


17,093 


1,390 


3,350 


3,171 


14,104 


9,780 


1,196 


1,279 


2,980 


1,142 


276 


429 


1,141 


236 


255 


2,223 


4,462 


771 


542 


5,990 


769 


2,360 


2,690 


13,429 


23,989 


7,641 


107,839 


3,469 


3,790 


20,554 


2,954 


995 


695 


20,731 


349 


368 


1.748 


281 


264 


409 


3,210 


31 


78 


883 



All countries 

Europe 

Austria 

Belgium 

Bulgaria 

Czechoslovakia 

Denmark 

Finland 

France 

Germany 

Greece 

Hungary 

Iceland 

Ireland 

Italy 

Luxembourg 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Soviet Union, former 

Russia 

Ukraine 

Other republics 

Unknown republic 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

Bangladesh 

China' 

Cyprus 

Hong Kong 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Kuwait 

Lebanon 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Saudi Arabia 

Singapore 

Sri Lanka 

Syria 

Thailand 

Turkey 

United Arab Emirates 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Egypt 

Ghana 

See footnotes at end of table. 

118 



TABLE 42. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED PORT OF ENTRY AND REGION 

AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 

FISCAL YEAR 1994— Continued 



Region and country 
of citizenship 



Los Angeles 



Miami 



Newark 



New York 



Orlando 



San 
Francisco 



Washington, 
DC 



Kenya 

Morocco 

Nigeria 

Senegal 

South Africa 

Other Africa 

Oceania , 

Australia 

New Zealand 

Pacific Island Trust Territory 
Other Oceania 

North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Antigua-Barbuda 

Bahamas, The 

Barbados 

Cayman Islands 

Cuba 

Dominica 

Dominican Republic 

Grenada 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

Netherlands Antilles 

St. Kitts& Nevis 

St. Lucia 

St. Vincent & Grenadines .... 

Trinidad & Tobago 

Turks & Caicos Islands 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

Other North America 

South America 

Argentina 

BoHvia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Paraguay 

Peru 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Other South America 

Stateless 

Unknown 



516 

350 

1,000 

56 

5,153 

3,119 

317,186 

229,641 

80,207 

26 

7,312 

348,828 

3,022 

284,934 

1,844 

16 

134 

106 

29 

47 

74 

180 

42 

42 

462 

22 

19 

26 

29 

299 

61 

256 

59,024 

1,621 

9,923 

18,054 

23,949 

2,080 

2,393 

1,004 

4 

99,204 

16,976 

587 

48,226 

6,094 

8,938 

2,771 

51 

585 

12,189 

1,544 

1,176 

67 

3,206 

12,540 



331 

714 

890 

95 

17,608 

3,092 

13,247 

10,146 

2,891 

28 

182 

1,021,795 

3,240 
165,684 
514,389 

1,940 
152,235 
15,470 
19,242 
18,706 
35,325 
42,788 

2,154 

27,464 

137,479 

6,824 
438 

2,324 

2,225 
39,484 

7,038 

3,253 
338,480 
10,002 
73,990 
44,648 
74,741 
41,724 
37,899 
55,476 
2 

1,474,508 

280,117 

24,154 
338,549 
103,153 
186,183 

76,735 
4,791 

11,829 
125,650 

25,817 

293,446 

4,084 

143 

23,666 



338 
454 
884 
271 
1,470 
3,120 

6,524 

4,903 

1,563 

15 

43 

38,825 

1,180 

25,488 

11,515 

533 

1,451 

58 

7 

53 

2,702 

4,254 

14 

192 

1,607 

130 

17 

21 

24 

195 

6 

251 

635 

30 

136 

108 

97 

80 

74 

110 

7 

6,537 

1,300 

84 

2,299 

536 

642 

251 

161 

25 

366 

194 

667 

12 

141 

2,582 



2,306 
9,450 
8,616 
5,568 
29,011 
28,947 

27,299 

21,765 

5,291 

40 

203 

268,167 

4,703 

79,490 

166,381 

2,341 

695 

14,463 

57 

400 

20,055 

32,273 

2,280 

7,004 

46,456 

309 

255 

2,508 

1,797 

34,615 

42 

831 

17,587 

163 

5,100 

4,736 

4,032 

1,992 

343 

1,221 

6 

312,135 

68,335 

698 

122,417 

8,022 

22,861 

12,326 

7,173 

1,645 

3,253 

8,649 

56,585 

171 

941 

19,258 



191 

124 
226 

1,695 
853 

1,887 

1,494 

380 

13 

89,999 

471 
70,667 
11,100 

19 

8,041 

33 

65 

17 

39 

49 

13 

51 

1,785 

239 

4 

10 

5 

117 

38 

575 

7,754 

13 

6,568 

59 

407 

544 

66 

97 

7 

71,960 

1,612 

67 

54,487 

484 

336 

125 

60 

20 

220 

81 

14,454 

14 



2,787 



219 
120 

344 

23 

1,291 

1,347 

20,829 

17,716 

2,444 

27 

642 

64,886 

2,219 

55,943 

524 

37 

18 

10 

8 

35 

91 

6 

9 

111 

11 

5 

5 

4 

120 

3 

51 

6,199 

209 

861 

2,620 

749 

424 

547 

789 

1 

9,237 

1,201 

105 

4,697 

1,089 

511 

189 

18 

71 

646 

204 

487 

19 

1,940 

6,310 



906 

443 

1,909 

361 

4,253 

10,051 

11,894 

7,987 

3,862 

9 

36 

28,179 

1,104 

19,147 

780 

8 

229 

19 

31 

27 

65 

11 

109 

106 

6 

7 

12 

3 

118 

8 

21 

7,144 

94 

1,078 

3,143 

2,323 

130 

133 

243 

4 

23,635 

5,907 

200 

12,235 

1,479 

512 

212 

80 

41 

488 

1,538 

913 

30 

78 

6.283 



Includes Mainland China and Taiwan. A total of 453,751 nonimmigrant visas were issued in these two countries in fiscal year 1994: 160,070 to Taiwan and 
293,68 1 to Mainland China. (SOURCE: U.S. Department of Stale, Bureau of Consular Affairs. Visa Office.) " Includes unknown port of enU^. 

NOTE: Includes arrivals under the Visa Waiver Pilot program. See Nonimmigrant section of text. Excludes the following classes of admission processed in the 
Nonimmigrant Information System: for all countries — 1 1 1,403 parolees; 22,461 withdrawals and stowaways; and 1 14,471 refugees. 

- Represents zero. 119 



TABLE 43. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY AGE AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 

FISCAL YEAR 1994 



Region and country 
of citizenship 



All 
ages 



Under 15 

years 



15- 19 
years 



20-24 
years 



25-34 
years 



35-44 
years 



45-64 
years 



65 years 
and over 



Unknown 



All countries 

Europe 

Austria 

Belgium 

Bulgaria 

Czechoslovakia 

Denmark 

Finland 

France 

Germany 

Greece 

Hungary 

Iceland 

Ireland 

Italy ' 

Luxembourg 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Soviet Union, former 

Russia 

Ukraine 

Other republics 

Unknown republic 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland , 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

Bangladesh 

China' 

Cyprus 

Hong Kong 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Kuwait 

Lebanon 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Saudi Arabia 

Singapore 

Sri Lanka 

Syria 

Thailand 

Turkey 

United Arab Emirates 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Egypt 

Ghana 

See footnotes at end of table. 



22,118,706 

9,090338 

167.474 

188,253 

11,115 

37,454 

121,434 

76,716 

907,216 

1,709,086 

71,917 

39,785 

17,681 

187,882 

613,913 

11,876 

461,943 

118,926 

56,303 

65,118 

17,919 

148,473 

107,655 

18,728 

9,630 

12,460 

320,701 

236,126 

334,915 

3,115,696 

30,207 

22,209 

6,498,850 

14,485 

615,250 

7,377 

128,316 

181,693 

70,126 

24,555 

211,376 

3,974,306 

20,637 

580,787 

17,505 

20,775 

67,951 

45,086 

200,943 

57,158 

67,928 

9,777 

10,463 

84.550 

49,109 

11,514 

27.183 

241,404 

35,320 
7,664 



1,832,016 

687,814 

9,100 

11,380 

589 

1,778 

7,059 

5,157 

66,582 

96,652 

3,648 

2,511 

1,978 

14,308 

26,049 

959 

24,598 

7,446 

3,693 

3,958 

858 

9,973 

7,088 

1,279 

649 

957 

18,405 

15.336 

19,952 

332,551 

1,708 

1,586 

448,190 

1,979 

37,345 

405 

8,671 

12,541 
5,266 
2,484 

18,044 

247,091 

2.132 

45,028 
3,774 
1,501 
5,641 
6.023 

15,483 

13,477 
5.877 
764 
1,080 
6,006 
2.287 
1,767 
3,524 

21,491 

3,159 
515 



1,074,278 

452,109 

7.962 

9.381 

734 

3.402 

8,524 

5,092 

75.929 

83.073 

2,599 

2,923 

991 

7,842 

23,369 

557 

15,964 

6,794 

3,856 

3,091 

885 

11,636 

8.311 

1,437 

1.262 

626 

22.506 

13,989 

13,081 

124,031 

2,567 

1,331 

250,664 

923 
13.941 

363 
5,687 
4,680 
5,604 

828 

9,649 

163,334 

1,113 

14,687 

1.218 

695 
2,654 
2.662 
6.342 
2.989 
2,138 

284 

442 
4,655 
2,868 
1,348 
1,560 

10,233 

1,475 
257 



2,096,845 

704,662 

17,880 

14,693 

1,113 

4,914 

13,228 

5,265 

78,063 

126,068 

5,406 

3,850 

1,484 

19.409 

53.422 

798 

36,028 

11,011 

4,856 

4,601 

946 

9,769 

6,759 

1,339 

960 

711 

28,779 

23,234 

33,960 

200,196 

3,279 

2,410 

881,749 

1,521 

35,124 

1,711 

13,777 

16,630 

9,262 

1,119 

19.373 

669,475 

1,993 

44,791 

2,364 

1,723 

9,719 

4,546 

12,899 

5,841 

5,952 

904 

846 

8,992 

6,892 

2,912 

3,383 

18,377 

1,982 
390 



5,643,966 

2,230,194 

45,507 

47,076 

2,657 

8,328 

27,448 

17,099 

211,911 

463,990 

16,382 

7,982 

3,879 

50,268 

201,851 

3,032 

124,197 

26,287 

10,644 

15,173 

3,667 

31,165 

22,865 

3,947 

1,891 

2,462 

90,767 

49,761 

91,298 

667,501 

6,696 

5,628 

1,871,628 

3,398 
174,204 

1,884 
37,322 
54,361 
15,623 

5,264 

37,015 

1,200,256 

5,294 
152,810 

4,683 

5,729 
18,682 
10,357 
55,789 
16,225 
22,502 

2,712 

2,477 
20,888 
14,029 

3,141 

6,983 

60,556 

7,615 
1,863 



4,382,566 

1,776,397 

31,626 

42,194 

2.762 

7,534 

21,903 

17,389 

182,237 

312,264 

14,081 

8,674 

3,627 

35.328 

116,039 

2,476 

96,486 

23,945 

12,454 

14,546 

4,065 

38,836 

28,670 

4,588 

2,393 

3,185 

64,137 

44,167 

60,576 

608,143 

6,145 

4,763 

1,161,468 

3,283 

140,999 

963 

28,212 

31,992 

14,128 

4,564 

44,723 

608,544 

3,647 

129,825 

3,087 

3,561 

15,711 

8.425 

51,544 

10,975 

17,585 

2,053 

1,821 

19,789 

9,055 

1,347 

5,635 

60,581 

8,021 
2.383 



5,829,782 

2,671,113 

46,858 

53,407 

2,766 

9,587 

36,616 

23,228 

241,288 

526,836 

22,677 

11,082 

4,680 

49,606 

162,350 

3.465 

138.942 

36.571 

15.690 

18.727 

5.586 

42.471 

31,126 

5,363 

2,183 

3,799 

81,181 

77,041 

95,652 

951.342 

8,052 

5,412 

1,566,359 

3.029 
169,713 

1,719 
26,843 
49,122 
17,965 

7,103 

64,936 

918,264 

5,550 
161,683 

2,151 

5,883 
13,791 
11,201 
45,025 

6.605 
12.147 

2.488 

2,949 

21,338 

11,298 

775 

4,781 

59,402 

10,929 
2,015 



1,230,614 

560,686 

8,423 

9,985 

486 

1,864 

6,540 

3,435 

50,583 

99,133 

6.983 

2,703 

1,027 

10,748 

30,406 

579 

25,401 

6,775 

5.029 

4.884 

1.883 

4,471 

2.737 

757 

270 

707 

14,545 

12,327 

20,160 

229,533 

1,724 

1,059 

311,534 

320 

42,953 

312 

7,562 

12,042 

2,169 

3,039 

17.284 

164,675 

849 

31,159 

200 

1,616 

1,663 

1,779 

13.458 

836 

1.652 

554 

795 

2,669 

2,597 

143 

1,208 

10,221 

2,064 
227 



28,639 

7,363 

118 

137 

8 

47 

116 
51 

623 
1,070 

141 
60 
15 

373 

427 
10 

327 
97 
81 

138 
29 

152 
99 
18 
22 
13 

381 

271 

236 

2,399 

36 

20 

7,258 

32 

971 

20 

242 

325 

109 

154 

352 

2,667 

59 

804 

28 

67 

90 

93 

403 

210 

75 

18 

53 

213 

83 

81 

109 

543 

75 
14 



120 



TABLE 43. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY AGE AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 

FISCAL YEAR 1994— Continued 



Region and country 
of citizenship 



All 

ages 



Under 15 
years 



15- 19 
years 



20-24 
years 



25-34 
years 



35-44 
years 



45-64 
years 



65 years 
and over 



Kenya 

Morocco 

Nigeria 

Senegal 

South Africa 

Other Africa 

Oceania 

Australia 

New Zealand 

Pacific Island Trust Territory 
Other Oceania 

North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Antigua-Barbuda 

Bahamas. The 

Barbados 

Cayman Islands 

Cuba 

Dominica 

Dominican Republic 

Grenada 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

Netherlands Antilles 

St. Kitts & Nevis 

St. Lucia 

St. Vincent & Grenadines ... 

Trinidad & Tobago 

Turks & Caicos Islands 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

Other North America 

South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Paraguay 

Peru 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Other South America 

Stateless 

Unknown 



8,198 
14,517 
21,436 

7,041 
76,761 
70,467 

588,557 

418,038 

133,461 

21,699 

15,359 

3,363,594 

118,407 
1,658,991 
1,034,952 

22,994 

281,257 
48,898 
23,167 
20,754 

100,957 

117,293 

9,344 

41,477 

203,935 
14,763 
12,279 
13,198 
7,681 
90,669 
7,802 
18,484 

551,165 
19,685 

117,834 
92,268 

140,077 

63,721 

47,017 

70,563 

79 

2,192,067 

406,182 

28,342 

622,220 

134,225 

244,396 

100,411 

16,245 

15,155 

157,712 

41.429 

421,021 

4,729 

21,774 

122,122 



747 
1,051 
2,113 

325 
7,948 
5.633 

49,253 

35,439 
9,609 
2,895 
1,310 

366,962 

9,590 
187,094 
109,442 

2,342 

34,968 

5,813 

3,307 

224 

10,773 

12,131 

837 

2,941 

19,320 
1,500 
1,298 
1,028 
483 
9,648 
961 
1,868 

60,823 
2,421 

14.091 
9.132 

18,337 

5,461 

4,428 

6,953 

13 

247,173 

45,528 

2,993 

70,157 

13,865 

29,919 

12,715 

1,356 

1,609 

13,217 

2,923 

52,532 

359 

595 

10,538 



474 
719 
644 
235 
3,325 
3,104 

25,629 

18,474 

4,603 

1,941 

611 

180,960 

6,408 

91,762 

51,220 

1,198 

15,360 

2,346 

1,527 

252 

5,590 

6,395 

390 

1.235 

9,150 

667 

623 

534 

288 

4,131 

532 

1,002 

31,566 

1,096 

7,657 

4,696 

8,377 

2,880 

2,328 

4,532 

4 

147,963 

29,577 
2,365 

53,799 
6,170 

14,343 
6,762 
601 
1,133 
7,621 
2,070 

23,356 
166 

324 

6,396 



1,200 
1,643 
857 
570 
5,804 
5,931 

57,784 

41,992 

11,943 

2,602 

1,247 

279,620 

14,623 

145,264 

79,276 

2,258 

28,147 

3,375 

2,544 

501 

7,232 

8,873 

945 

1,627 

11,693 

953 

928 

1,320 

925 

5,091 

1,081 

1,783 

40,453 

2,093 

8,293 

6,592 

10,616 

4,910 

2,558 

5,391 

4 

143,136 

27,639 

1,953 
35.589 

7,797 
14.020 

7.387 
861 

1.116 
12,625 

2,280 

31,596 

273 

1,009 

10,508 



2,066 
4,417 
5,760 
1,834 
17,917 
19,084 

133,318 

93,289 

31,189 

5,045 

3,795 

850.200 

38,804 

419,859 

266,381 

6,463 

80,109 

12,168 

5,871 

1,374 

24,742 

29,503 

2,777 

8,885 

56,068 

3,162 

3,308 

4,346 

2,492 

18,623 

2,156 

4,334 

125,139 

5,153 

28,400 

21,173 

30,361 

15,837 

9,269 

14,946 

17 

467,933 

76,874 

5,953 

128.182 

28.556 

56.934 

20,237 

4,001 

3,666 

36,617 

8,678 

97,224 

1,011 

2,232 

27,905 



1,683 
3,070 
6,195 
2,597 
17,119 
19,513 

117,083 

83,019 

26,174 

4,335 

3,555 

746,053 

27,246 

349.505 

244,278 

5,527 

57,804 

12.215 

4,731 

1,817 

24,380 

27,830 

2,189 

12,059 

56,271 

3,816 

3,518 

3,312 

1,961 

20,745 

1,688 

4,415 

125,002 

4,263 

26.908 

21.709 

30.171 

16,749 

11,046 

14,156 

22 

493,262 

84,096 

6,353 

148,706 

33,321 

56,623 

22,036 

4,847 

3,375 

34,159 

8,906 

89,739 

1,101 

3,401 

24,321 



1,808 
3,183 
5,247 
1,378 
19,650 
15,192 

168,436 

119,774 

40,492 

4,137 

4,033 

757,569 

20.212 

374,178 

230,774 

4,485 

55,874 

10,975 

4.387 

9,577 

23,099 

26,527 

1.751 

10,772 

41,949 

4,129 

2,144 

2,274 

1,317 

26,084 

1,138 

4,292 

132392 

3,774 

26,374 

22,993 

32,384 

14,961 

12,907 

18,999 

13 

564,888 

115,395 

7,124 

155,232 

37,215 

58,112 

24,968 

3,875 

3,560 

41,752 

12,921 

103,175 

1,559 

9,816 

32,199 



189 
395 

584 

80 

4,911 

1,771 

36,196 

25,398 

9,332 

698 

768 

174,909 

1,284 
87,362 
51,599 

677 

8,299 

1,943 

771 

6,968 

4,924 

5,828 

445 

3,858 

9,180 

517 

420 

359 

200 

6.228 

234 

748 

34,659 

852 

5,885 

5,794 

9,510 

2,766 

4,368 

5,484 

5 

124,202 

26,522 

1,550 

29,774 

7,116 

13,646 

6,051 

688 

672 

11,456 

3,588 

22,883 

256 

4,359 

8,507 



' Includes Mainland China and Taiwan. A total of 453,751 nonimmigrant visas were issued in these two countries in fiscal year 1994: 160,070 to Taiwan and 
293,68 1 to Mainland China. (SOURCE: U.S. Department of State, Bureau of Consular Affairs, Visa Office.) 

NOTE: Includes arrivals under the Visa Waiver Pilot program. See Nonimmigrant section of text. Excludes the following classes of admission processed in the 
Nonimmigrant Information System: for all countnes — 1 1 1,403 parolees; 22,461 withdrawals and stowaways; and 1 14,471 refugees. 



121 



TABLE 44. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED CLASS OF ADMISSION 

AND STATE OF INTENDED RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1994 























Spouses 






Foreign 


Temporary 


Temporary 




Treaty 




Spouses 
and 


Tempo - 


and 
children 


State of intended 


All 


govern- 


visitors 


visitors 


Transit 


traders 






residence 


classes '■ ' 


ment 


for 


for 


aliens ' 


and 


Students 


children 


workers 


of temp. 






officials ' 


business ' 


pleasure ^ 




investors ' 




of 
students 


and 
trainees 


workers 

and 
trainees 


Total 


22.118,706 


105,299 


3,164,099 


17,154,834 


330,936 


141,030 


394,001 


33,720 


185,988 


43,207 


Alabama 


37,625 


1,112 


9,765 


18,804 


729 


737 


2,943 


415 


483 


211 


Alaska : 


46,222 


240 


4,402 


38,249 


530 


726 


417 


34 


501 


39 


Arizona 


152,316 


505 


29,656 


108,042 


37 


721 


5,699 


723 


1,558 


381 


Arkansas 


16,433 


24 


4,162 


8,084 


5 


162 


1,855 


196 


594 


130 


California 


3,265,123 


9,855 


488,601 


2,558,000 


12,404 


27,755 


69,235 


3,811 


25,459 


7,006 


Colorado 


223,009 


500 


36,765 


168,179 


119 


635 


6,982 


907 


2,291 


345 


Connecticut 


131,462 


402 


26,675 


79,517 


300 


3,256 


5,746 


423 


2,701 


1,005 


Delaware 


19,438 


149 


6,749 


9,143 


170 


419 


952 


69 


227 


92 


District of Columbia 


288,375 
4,382,669 


21,181 
8,862 


79,578 
418,075 


149,018 
3,816,539 


386 
48.620 


477 
12,893 


4,755 
23,546 


319 

1,727 


1,861 
18,057 


167 


Florida 


3,676 


Georgia 


239,419 


2,449 


80,414 


130,645 


681 


4,232 


6,527 


600 


3,085 


945 


Hawaii 


2,075,966 


2,563 


42,618 


2,012,587 


4,672 


2,449 


6,275 


360 


1,113 


147 


Idaho 


12,386 


8 


2,023 


7,655 


4 


69 


1,107 


62 


446 


33 


Illinois 


482,446 


2,038 


151,651 


280,116 


525 


6,138 


12,797 


1,717 


7,028 


2,031 


Indiana 


73,215 


121 


20,302 


36,252 


44 


1,685 


5,838 


620 


1,232 


518 


Iowa 


29,354 


45 


6,092 


14,063 


5 


144 


4.897 


414 


372 


157 


Kansas 


32,001 


432 


7,608 


15,465 


10 


256 


4,808 


367 


480 


203 




35,435 


254 


10,029 


16,975 


29 


1.565 


1.942 


292 


1,087 


225 


Louisiana 


149,892 


610 


37,212 


95,903 


6,364 


509 


3,822 


389 


931 


250 


Maine 


29,308 


29 


4,312 


19,611 


347 


80 


1,085 


51 


1,145 


68 




172,725 


5,677 


28,712 


98,811 


859 


1,366 


5,205 


545 


2,615 


809 


Massachusetts 


464,429 


1,431 


92,889 


303,354 


830 


2,053 


28,385 


1,711 


6,245 


1,410 


Michigan 


208,995 


486 


60,295 


107,030 


382 


5,416 


9,354 


1,384 


4.035 


1,560 


Minnesota 


102,244 


164 


29,193 


58,129 


55 


377 


4,971 


382 


1,232 


388 




12,849 


201 


2,344 


6,678 


387 


51 


1,364 


197 


200 


87 


Missouri 


67,669 


602 


20,427 


33,211 


24 


839 


5,830 


580 


1,100 


374 




12,600 


7 


1,102 


9,579 


21 


72 


674 


38 


194 


26 


Nebraska 


14,600 


18 


3,056 


7,867 


10 


100 


1,736 


136 


344 


138 


Nevada 


296,982 


467 


47,384 


245,045 


39 


314 


1,000 


83 


871 


124 


New Hampshire 


33,026 


32 


6,576 


19,781 


82 


138 


1,975 


139 


1,921 


118 




386,071 


917 


72,649 


256,759 


1.827 


10,869 


7,916 


957 


8,798 


3,443 


New Mexico 


32,943 

2,807,766 

113,529 


381 

13,486 

415 


5,847 

435,118 

35,550 


22,803 

2,148,915 

55,462 


13 

9,722 

231 


100 

21,587 

2.612 


1.268 

39,708 

4,324 


255 

2,902 

479 


396 

38,333 

5,300 


124 




6,039 


North Carolina 


668 


North Dakota 


6,875 
160,521 


9 

624 


826 
50,182 


4,328 
77,357 


14 
94 


41 
4,551 


785 
10,145 


91 
1,096 


100 
2,566 


30 


Ohio 


989 


Oklahoma 


41,234 


344 


9,932 


20,614 


25 


170 


6,243 


631 


881 


244 


Oregon 


76,934 


113 


12,537 


50,633 


826 


914 


6,008 


473 


802 


246 


Pennsylvania 


233,079 


1,010 


59,577 


128,823 


2,646 


1,981 


13,790 


1,582 


4,012 


1,294 


Rhode Island 


27,356 

55,258 

5,832 

69,600 


354 

120 

1 

163 


4,839 

12,974 

509 

20,663 


17,465 

33,895 

4,158 

35,991 


104 
179 

27 


215 

1,199 

27 

2,165 


2,387 

2,417 

605 

3,596 


86 

300 

67 

392 


321 

564 

55 

1,324 


73 


South Carolina 


223 


South Dakota 


22 


Tennessee 


404 


Texas 


824,924 


8,257 


196,622 


531,678 


9,830 


6,846 


21,692 


2,205 


11,075 


3,356 


Utah 


58,315 


320 


8,875 


41,604 


16 


180 


4.015 


443 


773 


158 


Vermont 


29,693 


11 


2,808 


22,583 


14 


214 


1,573 


31 


666 


31 




193,566 
228,830 


7,681 
1,426 


36,086 

44,125 


109,493 
151,781 


980 
2,392 


2,197 
3,342 


7,646 
12,719 


1,054 
671 


4,976 
3,356 


789 


Washington 


647 


West Virginia 


9,780 


9 


1,913 


5,017 


5 


80 


1.503 


107 


295 


66 


Wisconsin 


74,413 


68 


19,822 


41,144 


33 


359 


5,696 


507 


878 


330 


Wyoming 


9,068 


2 


646 


7,375 


2 


17 


353 


58 


174 


10 


Guam 


603,019 


456 


7,056 


583,321 


2,509 


2,334 


361 


11 


3,442 


357 




192,923 
19,073 


1,432 
27 


46,396 
2,241 


137,266 
15,746 


2,890 
383 


558 
100 


526 
102 


41 

1 


1,685 
251 


196 


Virgin Islands 


31 


Unknown 


2,749,891 


7,209 


317,639 


2,178,291 


217,504 


2,738 


6,901 


589 


5,557 


774 



See footnotes at end of table. 



122 



TABLE 44. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED CLASS OF ADMISSION 

AND STATE OF INTENDED RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1994— Continued 



State of intended 
residence 



International 
represen- 
tatives ' 



Represen- 
tatives of 
foreign 
information 
media 



Exchange 
visitors 



Spouses 

and 

children of 

exchange 



Fian- 
ces(ees) 
of U.S. 
citizens ' 



Intra- 
company 
transferees 



Spouses 

and 
children of 

intra- 
company 
transferees 



NATO 
officials ' 



North 
American 
Free-Trade 
Agreement 
workers ' ' 



Unknown 



Total 

Alabama 

Alaska 

Arizona 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut 

Delaware 

District of Columbia 
Honda 

Georgia 

Hawaii 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Kentucky 

Louisiana 

Maine 

Maryland 

Massachusetts 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi 

Missouri 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire 

New Jersey 

New Mexico 

New York 

North Carolina 

North Dakota 

Ohio 

Oklahoma 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania 

Rhode Island 

South Carolina 

South Dakota 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah 

Vermont 

Virginia 

Washinj^ton 

West Virt^inia 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming 

Guam 

Puerto Rico 

Virgin Islands 

Unknown 



74,722 

101 

4 

27 

2 

591 

66 

464 

9 

15,216 

982 

83 
66 

1 

115 

21 

8 
10 

3 
40 

5 

15,211 

258 

62 

21 

7 

54 

1 

5 

17 

17 

1,345 

22 

26,229 

39 

13 

26 

6 

14 

105 

14 

14 

12 

31 

282 

19 

3 

10,854 

111 

2 

35 

3 

39 

35 

11 

1,991 



27,691 

39 

103 

165 

9 

4,561 

138 

154 

17 

2,583 

2,601 

567 

775 
15 

964 
88 
12 
15 
24 

118 
13 

701 

552 

263 

117 

14 

54 

25 

13 

405 

19 

531 
63 
6,943 
57 
13 
87 
64 
82 

167 
18 

33 

9 

100 

1,655 

46 

21 

541 

395 

3 

41 

11 

145 

133 

9 

1,400 



216,610 

1,203 
532 

2,192 

939 

22,611 

3,446 

5,114 

761 

11,318 

6,019 

3,306 
903 
752 
8,005 
3,742 
2,324 
1,552 
1,272 
1,960 
1,911 

7,485 
15,701 

5,985 

4,393 
995 

2,867 
623 
855 
485 

1,597 

6,820 

990 

29,198 

3,864 

348 

6,692 

1,219 

2,513 

10,857 

923 

1,418 

276 

2,377 

9,064 

1,033 

1,129 

4,965 

3.486 

568 

3,512 

316 

15 

298 

25 

3,856 



42,561 

278 

35 

516 

126 

6,057 
749 
670 
144 
514 

1,242 

649 

238 

36 

1,768 

752 

442 

183 

220 

460 

56 

2,518 

3,773 

1,339 

817 

105 

551 

24 

154 

56 

81 

1,356 
221 

4,193 

814 

62 

1,378 
213 
461 

2,279 
157 

175 

25 

583 

2,731 

241 

79 
890 
676 

63 
590 

19 

3 
21 

778 



8,888 

55 
54 

188 

16 

1,944 

124 

126 
15 
49 

477 

161 

222 
29 

334 
72 
35 
51 
35 
62 
43 

184 

252 

284 

158 

19 

85 

31 

28 

94 

34 

269 

49 
754 
131 

30 
173 

65 
123 
241 

42 

52 

11 

81 

572 

64 

27 

245 

259 

15 

99 

8 

102 

19 

7 

189 



98,189 

222 

114 

680 

38 

14,773 

779 

2,621 

294 

299 

10,972 

2,796 

463 

52 

3,938 
962 
129 
230 
711 
350 
62 

874 

3,010 

4,339 

1,038 

58 

529 

49 

42 

170 

228 

6,595 

82 

14,724 

1,657 

40 

2,259 

213 

525 

2,416 

157 

837 

3 

770 

7,856 

189 

223 

1,580 

1,449 

60 

651 

17 

2,070 
917 

59 
2,018 



56,048 

114 

57 

504 

30 

8,710 

463 

1,883 

170 

98 

4,963 

1,603 
321 

20 
2,459 
718 
128 
143 
592 
271 

22 

517 

1,402 

3,035 

552 

17 

285 

12 

27 

77 

120 

4,236 

81 

6,935 

1,070 

12 

1,569 

183 

304 

1,341 

98 

672 

4 

605 

4,827 

113 

140 

894 

774 

36 

376 

7 

779 

467 

38 

1,174 



9,135 

270 

26 

163 

12 

646 

105 

24 

1 

378 

508 

121 

27 

101 
12 
10 
83 
33 
18 
7 

250 

102 

23 

8 

29 

67 

1 

6 

27 

9 

84 
106 
257 

95 

2 

127 

84 

8 

157 

51 

13 

2 
9 

2,227 

40 

8 

2,223 

188 

3 

6 

2 

6 
26 

5 
339 



30,870 

141 

158 

554 

49 

2,963 

406 

376 

56 

170 

2,777 

550 
151 

74 
703 
235 

76 
103 
147 
610 
460 

359 

1,062 

3,717 

247 

96 
190 
120 

65 
312 
159 

679 
137 
2,620 
760 
131 
602 

99 
342 
796 

52 

171 

46 

312 

4,053 

184 

130 

458 

1,022 

33 

266 

48 

6 

12 

36 

789 



Excludes the following classes of admission processed in the Nonimmigrant Information System: for all countnes — 111,403 parolees. 22.461 withdrawals and 
stowaways, and 1 14,471 refugees, ' Includes arrivals under the Visa Waiver Pilot program. See Nonimmigrant section of text. ' Includes spouses and unmarried 
minor (or dependent) children. ' Includes foreign government officials and dieir spouses and unmamed minor (or dependent) children in transit. ' Includes minor 
children of fiances(ees). ' Entnes under the U.S.-Canada Free-Trade Agreement ended December 31, 1993; entries of Canadian citizens under this program during 
fiscal year 1994 were 5,529 (including spouses and children). Entries under the North American Free-Trade Agreement began January 1, 1994. 



NOTE: See Glossary for detailed descriptions of classes of admission. 



• Represents zero. 



123 



V. NATURALIZATIONS 



Naturalization refers to the conferring of U.S. citizenship, 
by any means, upon a person after birth. There are five 
ways of becoming a U.S. citizen; naturalization in a court 
ceremony; naturalization through an administrative 
hearing; derivation through the naturalization of parents; 
acquisition at birth abroad to citizen parents; and 
legislation naturalizing certain groups of persons (see 
Limitations of Data). As part of the naturalization process, 
applicants pledge an oath of allegiance to the United 
States, thereby renouncing allegiance to their former 
countries of nationality. 

In fiscal year 1994, 407,398 persons received U.S. 
citizenship through naturalization, approaching the record 
level of 441,979 set 50 years ago. The historical 
significance of this number was apparent at the time, with 
the 1944 INS Annual Report concluding, "The record for 
this year... will probably mark the high peak in 
naturalization work in the Service for years to come." In 
1944, the three leading source countries for naturalizations 
were Italy, Germany, and the United Kingdom, which 
together accounted for nearly 60 percent of the total 
number of naturalizations. 

A number of administrative and legislative circumstances 
contributed to the high number of naturalizations in 1944. 
First, large backlogs in naturalizations were eliminated, 
reducing the number of pending cases to current year 
working levels. Second, Title X of the Second War 
Manpowers Act simplified requirements for naturalization 
for members of the armed forces. Over 48,000 non-citizen 
members of the armed forces gained citizenship under this 
legislation, including those servicemen acquiring 
citizenship through traveling INS representatives in the 
theaters of war. •* 

Administrative actions led to an increase in naturalizations 
in 1994, just as they had 50 years ago. The Green Card 
Replacement Program, which began in 1992, requires long- 
term permanent residents to replace their resident cards 
with new, more counterfeit-resistant cards. Many aliens 
chose to naturalize rather than apply for a new card, leading 
to an increase of 70 percent in naturalizations between 1992 
and 1994. As a result of the increase in naturalizations of 
long-term residents, the average time between immigration 
and naturalization increased to 10 years in 1994, up from a 
historical average of about 8 years. 



' From The Annual Report of the Immigration and Naturalization Service: 
Fiscal Year 1944, Earl G. Harrison, Commissioner, Immigration and 
Naturalization Service, June 30, 1944, p. 14. 



The leading countries of former allegiance were 
considerably different in 1994 compared to 1944. Mexico 
led all countries with 39,310, followed by the Philippines 
(37,304) and Vietnam (26,833). These countries of former 
allegiance have been the leading source countries every 
year since 1984, although the rankings have changed. Just 
under 43 percent of the persons naturalized in 1994 were 
formerly citizens of Asian countries, about 3 percentage 
points lower than last year. The 1994 data reflect the shift 
that has occurred in immigration since the post-war period. 
European immigration has steadily declined relative to 
other regions due primarily to the Immigration and 
Nationality Amendments of 1965, which eliminated 
country quotas that favored immigration from Western 
Europe. 

Nearly 407,400 people were 
naturalized during 1994. 

Naturalization Policy 

To naturalize, an immigrant must fulfill certain 
requirements set forth in the Immigration and Nationality 
Act concerning age, lawful admission, and residence in the 
United States. Additional requirements include the ability 
to speak, read, and write the English language; knowledge 
of the U.S. government and U.S. history; and having a 
good moral character. The general naturalization 
provisions specify that an alien must fulfill the following 
conditions: be at least 18 years of age; have been lawfully 
admitted to the United States for permanent residence; and 
have resided in the country continuously for at least 5 
years. These minimum requirements must be met for an 
alien to be considered for naturalization under the general 
provisions of immigration law. Approximately 84 percent 
of immigrants currently naturalize under the general 
provisions. The remaining immigrants who naturalize do 
so under the special provisions of the law (Chart N). 

The special provisions of naturalization law exempt aliens 
from one or more of the requirements of the general 
provisions. Spouses and children of U.S. citizens and 
military classes constitute the main special naturalization 
categories. The majority of people naturalizing as spouses 
of U.S. citizens may do so in 3 years rather than the 5 years 
prescribed under the general provisions. 

Children who immigrate with their parents generally do 
not naturalize, but derive U.S. citizenship through the 
naturalization of their parents. Children adopted by U.S. 
citizens may naturalize to become U.S. citizens, although 
they are no longer required to do so, since they are eligible 
for administrative naturalization by the INS. These 



124 



Chart N 
Persons Naturalized by Provision of Law: Fiscal Years 1908-94 



Thousands 
450-1 



375- 



300- 



225- 



150- 



75- 



i g 



I I Special provisions and unknown 
General provisions 




1908 



1988 1994 



Source; 1987-94, Table 46; \90»-»6, prewous Yearbooks. 



children may be naturalized in court ceremonies prior to 
reaching age 18; there are no residency requirements. 
Aliens who served honorably during World War I, World 
War II, the Korean Conflict, the Vietnam Conflict, or the 
Grenada Campaign, under certain conditions, may 
naturalize without prior admission to permanent resident 
status. Also, they need not have resided in the United 
States for a particular length of time. Lawful permanent 
resident aliens who have served honorably in the Armed 
Forces of the United States for as much as 3 years also are 
entitled to certain exemptions from the general 
naturalization requirements. Special provision 
naturalizations account for about 10 percent of the total 
number of naturalizations outside the general provisions, 
followed by naturalizations occurring under either military 
(2 percent) or other provisions (less than 1 percent). 

Every applicant for naturalization must file an application, 
Form N-400 (Application to File Petition for 
Naturalization) or Form N-402 (Application to File 
Petition for Naturalization in Behalf of Child). All aliens 
filing these applications who meet the preliminary 
documentary requirements must be interviewed by INS 
officers to determine their eligibility to naturalize. During 



the interview the officer discerns the applicant's knowledge 
and understanding of the English language as well as of the 
history and government of the United States. Recently, 
applicants have been allowed to take standardized tests that 
are used to determine knowledge and abilities. Those 
applicants found qualified are scheduled for a final hearing 
before a judge who performs the naturalization ceremony; 
alternatively, since 1992, many applicants have the option 
of taking the oath in an administrative hearing conducted 
by the INS. 

Data Overview 

As the sending areas of immigrants admitted to the United 
States have shifted, so have the origins of persons 
naturalized. Data by region of birth indicate that major 
changes occurred between 1961 and 1994 (Chart O). 
Naturalizations for Europe, the leading region through 
1975, comprised 62 percent of the naturalizations during 
the 1960s, but declined to 15 percent of the total during the 
1980s. Naturalizations of Asians have also decreased, 
from over 50 percent of the total in the period between 
1990 and 1992, to about 43 percent in 1994. This decrease 
marks a departure from the trend during the past few 



125 



Chart O 
Persons Naturalized by Decade and Selected Region of Birth: Fiscal Years 1961-94 



1961-70 

South America— 2.2% 1 i — Other— 1.5% 



North America— 20.9% 




1971-80 

South America— 5.3% , , Other— 2.3% 



North America — 28. 1 




1981-90 



South America 1 

6.5% 



Other— 3.1% 




North America— 26.2% 



South America- 
8.0% 



1991-94 

Other-^.2% 
Europe— 12.0% 



North America— 26.7% 




Source: 1994, Table 54; 1961-93, previous Yearbooks. 

decades; Asian naturalizations had steadily 
increased — from 13 percent of naturalizations during the 
1960s to 51 percent in 1991. Despite the decrease in 
overall percentages, Asians still account for the largest 
share of naturalizations. 

The predominance of Asia as the region of origin for 
naturalizations has echoed the increase in immigration 
from Asia as a result of the Immigration and Nationality 
Act Amendments of 1965 and the arrival of Indochinese 
refugees beginning in 1975. Asian immigrants have also 
historically exhibited higher naturalization rates than 
Europeans. The 5 leading countries of former allegiance 
of persons naturalized in 1994 were Mexico with 39,310 



followed by the Philippines (37,304), Vietnam (26,833), 
Mainland China (20,828), and India (20,454). Since 
most naturalizations occur under the general provisions 
of naturalization law, the majority of aliens naturalizing 
must have resided in the United States for at least 5 
years as lawful permanent residents. Since the 1950s, 
the median number of years of residence for the 
population naturalizing has remained fairly constant at 
about 8 years (Table I). During the last 2 years, 
however, the median length of residence increased to 9 
years in 1993, and to 10 years in 1994. The largest 
factor contributing to the increase in the length of time 
between immigration and naturalization is the Green 
Card Replacement Program. 



126 



Table I 
Median Years of Residence by Year of Naturalization and Region of Birth: 

Selected Fiscal Years 1965-94 



Region of birth 



1994 



1990 



1985 



1980 



1975 



1970 



1965 



Persons naturalized 

Europe 

Asia 

Africa 

Oceania 

North America .. 
South America .. 



10 



13 


13 


9 


10 


8 


9 


7 


8 


7 


7 


7 


6 


6 


6 


7 


7 


7 


7 


6 


6 


6 


10 


9 


8 


8 


7 


9 


8 


16 


15 


13 


11 


9 


7 


9 


11 


10 


8 


9 


10 


7 


7 



r/ie G/ee/! Car^ Replacement Program 

Beginning in the summer of 1992, INS began replacing the 
old Form 1-151 alien registration or "green card" issued 
prior to 1979 with a more counterfeit-resistant 1-551 card. 
The program was halted pending the resolution of a class 
action lawsuit that challenged the fee for obtaining a 
replacement card, but resumed in November 1993 after a 
district court affirmed the fee system. In general, the 
majority of naturalizations occur 6 to 8 years after the year 
of immigration; historically, the annual number of 
naturalizations declined for those who had been in the 
country longer than 8 years. Analysis of the data for fiscal 
years 1993 and 1994 indicates that this pattern has 
changed. 

As shown in Chart P, the number of aliens naturalized each 
year who obtained permanent resident status before 1978 
has increased — from 1992 to 1994 the total rose from 
50,037 to 110,015. During this same period, major 
regional differences in the median length of residence 
became evident among both regions and specific 
nationalities. Median length of residence in 1992 ranged 
from 7 years for both Asia and Africa, to 10 years for 
Europe, and 1 1 years for North America. By fiscal year 
1994, every region except Africa experienced an increase 
in the median number of years. South America, North 
America, and Europe showed the largest increases: South 
America rose from 8 years in 1992 to 11 years in 1994; 
North America rose from 11 years in 1992 to 16 years in 
1994; and Europe rose from 10 years in 1992 to 13 years in 
1994 (Chart Q). 

In general, increases in the number of naturalizations 
between 1992 and 1994 occurred among the countries that 
traditionally had the lowest naturalization rates, primarily 
countries in Europe and North and South America. The 



length of time between immigration and naturalization 
also increased among these countries. 

A relatively minor increase in the number of 
naturalizations occurred between fiscal years 1993 and 
1994 due to a one-time increase in the number of persons 
eligible for naturalization. More than 600,000 of the 2.68 
million aliens who gained permanent resident status under 
the provisions of the Immigration Reform and Control Act 
of 1986 became eligible for naturalization in fiscal year 
1994. Although only 10,000 became naturalized citizens 
in 1994, their numbers could increase over the next 
several years. By the end of fiscal year 1996 almost 2.5 
million legalized aliens will be eligible to apply for 
naturalization. 

Chart P 

Naturalizations of Immigrants in Residence 

before 1978 by Year of Naturalization: 

Fiscal Years 1989-94 

Thousands 
120 




1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 



127 



Chart Q 

Median Length of Residence of those 

Naturalized by Region of Birth: 

Fiscal Years 1992 and 1994 



Africa 
Asia 

Europe 

North 
America 

Oceania 

South 
America 



^^^^^51 


■ 1994 
la 1992 

.1 






r ' ' r ' 1 1 




///////////////\ 








1 










V////////////A 






\/ ////////// A \ 

\ 1 \ 1 1 1 1 





Years 



10 12 14 16 



Data Collection 

Data on persons naturalized in tiie United States are 
collected by approximately 65 INS offices where aliens 
intending to naturalize file their applications. The INS 
collects two types of data on naturalizations; workload 
statistics and data on the characteristics of aliens who have 
naturalized. The workload data consist of the number of 
naturalization applications received, the number of 
petitions filed with courts, and the number of aliens 
naturalized during a fiscal year. 

Data on the characteristics of aliens naturalized in a fiscal 
year also are collected by INS offices where aliens file 
their naturalization applications. These detailed 
characteristics are collected either through the manual 
coding of data from the naturalization application or 
through the automated Naturalization Casework System 
(NACS), an application tracking system which has been 
implemented in the larger INS offices. The data collected 
on aliens naturalized include demographic variables {e.g., 
date and country of birth, sex, marital status, and 
occupation) as well as immigration-oriented variables 
(e.g., date of admission for permanent residence and 
section of naturalization law). 

Limitations of Data 

Data on naturalizations collected by the INS are limited to 
aliens who have naturalized in court ceremonies or at 
administrative hearings. The data include those 
naturalizing as principals (Form N-400) and children 
whose parents are already U.S. citizens (Form N-402). 
Individuals who derive or acquire U.S. citizenship 



currently are not included in the data collected by the INS. 
The data on those children who automatically derive their 
citizenship through their naturalizing parents are collected 
only when the family requests a copy of the child's 
certificate of citizenship from the INS. This document 
may be requested at the time the parents (principal aliens) 
become naturalized or any time thereafter. No 
information is available for children who automatically 
derive citizenship without a request being made for 
certificates of naturalization. Thus, the number of 
children deriving citizenship through the naturalization of 
their parents each year is unknown. 

Aliens who become U.S. citizens through the legislative 
process also are not covered in data collected by the INS. 
A recent example of the legislative procedure occurred 
upon the dissolution of the Trust Territory of the Pacific 
through which the Northern Mariana Islands became a 
commonwealth of the United States, making its residents 
U.S. citizens. 

For some variables there is a relatively large proportion of 
cases with missing information — most occurred in certain 
INS offices. Approximately 52 percent of the records 
with missing information are located in Los Angeles, and 
18 percent in El Paso. These offices entered data on all 
persons naturalized in an automated system that did not 
contain all of the variables included in the statistical 
system. The percent of records with missing information 
by variable is: naturalization provision (6.3 percent); sex 
(1.7); marital status (5.5); occupation (27.7); state of 
residence (5.6); metropoUtan area of residence (5.5); and 
calendar year of entry (1.2). The number of persons 
whose marital status was "separated" at the time of 
naturalization was overstated in the Statistical Yearbooks 
for 1986-89. Persons who were single were mistakenly 
counted as separated in some offices. 



Naturalization Rates 

While every immigrant admitted to the United States has 
the right to become a naturalized citizen after fulfilling the 
requirements, large numbers of immigrants never become 
citizens. The term "naturalization rate" is used to refer to 
the proportion of an immigrant group that gains 
citizenship through naturalization. Naturalization rates 
vary greatly among different categories of immigrants. 
For example, immigrants who are young adults when they 
arrive, or who come from distant parts of the world such 
as Asia and Africa, tend to have high naturalization rates. 
Persons admitted in certain classes of admission, such as 
those reserved for refugees and people in professional 
occupations, also are very likely to naturalize. 



128 



Linked-Records Method 

The most precise way of calculating naturalization rates 
would be to compare the number of persons who naturalize 
with the number eligible to do so. The people who become 
citizens in any given year are drawn from the population of 
immigrants in all previous years who have survived, 
remained in the United States, and served the required 
waiting period of 5 years (or less for some categories of 
naturalization). The exact size of the total eligible 
population is very difficult to estimate, because it 
represents the cumulative effect of many decades of 
immigrant experience, and records are not kept of key 
components such as emigration and mortality. As an 
alternative to such an approach, the Immigration and 
Naturalization Service has been following the 
naturalization experience of two immigration-year cohorts, 
those of 1977 and 1982. 

These estimates of naturalization rates are done by linking 
the records of the 1977 and 1982 immigrants with their 
naturalization records starting in the year they became 
immigrants and for each subsequent year. Record linkages 
have been completed for all years through 1993, and the 
naturalization rates based on these linked records form the 
basis for this analysis. The calculations omit persons who 
were under age 16 in the year they became permanent 



resident aliens. Because children under 16 may 
automatically derive U.S. citizenship based on the 
naturalization of their parents, many children gain 
citizenship without having a record created for them in the 
naturalizations data base. Since we know from the annual 
naturalizations data that the median number of years of 
residence for persons naturalizing is 8 years, and that this 
was relatively stable over time until 1993 and 1994, an 
adequate period of time for analysis of these cohorts' 
naturalization patterns is thought to have elapsed. By the 
end of 1993, 41.5 percent of the 1977 immigrant cohort 
and 37.6 percent of the 1982 cohort had become 
naturalized citizens. 

Data Overview 

As Table J shows, naturalizations of the 1977 immigrant 
cohort peaked during their seventh and eighth years 
following admission to immigrant status (1983 and 1984). 
The annual numbers becoming citizens from this cohort 
declined beginning in 1984, reached a low point in 1991, 
and increased again in 1992 and 1993. Fiscal year 1992 
saw a general increase in applications for naturalization 
that is still continuing. One reason is thought to be the 
Green Card Replacement Program described above. 
People from the 1977 cohort will continue to naturalize for 
many years, since more than half of these immigrants have 



Chart R 
Naturalizations Through Fiscal Year 1993 of Immigrants Admitted in Fiscal Year 1977 by Year 

Percent 
Naturalized 




Thousands 



129 



not yet naturalized. The early, small peak of persons who 
naturalized during their fourth year (1980) illustrates the 
fact that some categories of immigrants are eligible before 
the 5-year waiting period required for the general 
naturalization provision. These include spouses of 
American citizens, for whom the waiting period is 3 years 
(see Naturalization Policy). 

Also, one of the largest single categories of immigrants in 
1977 was Cuban refugees, many of whom had lived in the 
United States since the 1960s and adjusted to immigrant 
status under the provisions of the Cuban Adjustment Act of 
1966. That legislation established an artificial "date of 
admission" to immigrant status as 30 months prior to the 
date of adjustment of status, which gave most of the 1977 
Cuban immigrant cohort an admission date in 1974 or 
early 1975 for naturalization purposes. 

Naturalizations of the 1982 immigrant cohort, also 
displayed in Table J, peaked during their seventh year 
following admission to immigrant status (1988). Like the 
earlier cohort, the 1982 immigrants will continue to 
naturalize for many years, but unlike it, the 1982 cohort 



did not contain a large number of persons eligible to 
become citizens before the usual 5-year waiting period 
had passed. A comparison of the cumulative 
naturalization rates for the two arrival cohorts (displayed 
in the last two columns of Table J) shows that during their 
first 4 years after gaining immigrant status the 1977 
cohort was naturalizing at a higher rate, but since the fifth 
year, the 1982 cohort has been naturalizing more rapidly. 
By the end of the twelfth year, the naturalization rate of 
the 1982 cohort was running more than 2 percentage 
points above that of the 1977 cohort. 

Immigrants who fail to naturalize, the majority in these 
cohorts to date, may be divided analytically into three 
categories: those who die before naturalizing; those who 
emigrate before naturalizing; and those who do not apply. 
Failure to apply may in turn have several explanations: 
problems in meeting the requirements of the naturalization 
process, such as the fees; requirements for passing 
examinations in the English language, history, and civics; 
the showing of "good moral character"; concern about the 
application process; and finally, for others, a positive 
decision not to apply for a variety of reasons. 



Table J 
Naturalizations Through Fiscal Year 1993 of Immigrants Admitted in Fiscal Years 1977 

and 1982 by Year 



Years since admission 
to immigrant status 



Number naturalized 



1977 cohort 



1982 cohort 



Cumulative percent naturalized 



1977 cohort 



1982 cohort 



Total naturalized 

Less than 1 year 

1 - less than 2 years 

2 - less than 3 years 

3 - less than 4 years .... 

4 - less than 5 years .... 

5 - less than 6 years 

6 - less than 7 years 

7 - less than 8 years .... 

8 - less than 9 years .... 

9 - less than 10 years .. 

10- less than 11 years 

11 - less than 12 years 

12 - less than 13 years 

13 - less than 14 years 

14 - less than 15 years 

15 - less than 16 years 

16 - less than 17 years 

Unknown 

X Not applicable. 
130 



145,935 

574 
2,907 
3,848 
6,626 
4,597 

16,319 
27,121 
24,462 
15,366 
9,790 

6,539 
6,039 
5,280 
4,247 
3,221 
3,513 
5,460 

26 



168,461 



41.4 



308 


.2 


663 


1.0 


1,430 


2.1 


11,118 


4.0 


20,181 


5.3 


28,656 


9.9 


39,514 


17.6 


25,194 


24.6 


16,365 


28.9 


10,238 


31.7 


8,190 


33.6 


6,586 


35.3 


X 


36.8 


X 


38.0 


X 


38.9 


X 


39.9 


X 


41.4 



18 



37.6 

.1 

.2 

.5 

3.0 

7.5 

13.9 

22.8 
28.4 
32.0 

34.3 

36.1 
37.6 
X 
X 
X 
X 
X 

X 



Age at the time of immigration plays a key role in 
determining who naturalizes and who does not. In the 
1977 cohort, the probability of naturalizing to date is 
highest for persons who were 23 years old when they 
became immigrants; fully half of that group became 
citizens by 1993. The pattern differs somewhat in the 1982 
cohort, with people who became immigrants at age 18 
being the most likely to have naturalized, and a second 
peak in the probability of naturalizing among those who 
were 28 years old in 1982 (Chart S). In both cohorts, 
persons in their late teens and twenties at the time of 
immigration generally are most likely to naturalize, and the 
rate declines steadily among older immigrants. In the 1977 
cohort, age 40 is the dividing line for naturalization rates 
above and below the average, but in the 1982 cohort, the 
comparable division is at age 35. The very low rates of 
naturalization for the elderly probably reflect their higher 
death rates as well as other factors. 

Naturalization rates also differ greatly by visa category, 
although changes in the immigration laws since these 
cohorts entered have made some of the categories less 
relevant to understanding naturalization patterns among 
more recent arrivals. More than 64 percent of the 1977 
immigrants admitted under the old seventh preference, the 
category reserved for refugees at that time, had naturalized 
by 1993. Fully 68 percent of the 1977 third preference 
immigrants, members of the professions and their 
immediate families, had also become citizens by 1993. 
Similarly, 48 percent of the third preference immigrants 
admitted in 1982 had naturalized by 1993. New laws 
governed the admission of refugees by 1982, but most 
refugee groups were still very likely to naturalize. Persons 
admitted in 1982 under the Refugee Act of 1980 had a 
naturalization rate of 48.5 percent by 1993, while 56.1 
percent of those granted political asylum under the same 
law had naturalized. Immigrants admitted under the 
Indochinese Refugee Act of 1977 had a 50.1 percent 
naturalization rate, while 46.3 percent of refugee-parolees 
admitted under a 1978 law naturalized by 1993. 

All immigrants admitted in 1977 under the numerically- 
limited preference categories have naturalization rates 
higher than the average for the entire cohort, although 
some are not appreciably higher. Second-preference 
immigrants (immediate relatives of permanent resident 
aliens) are especially likely to naturalize. The pattern is 
somewhat different in the 1982 cohort: persons admitted 
in the occupational preferences and the second preference 
had higher naturalization rates than average by 1993, but 
relatives of citizens entering in the numerically-limited 
preference categories were less likely to naturalize than the 
average for the cohort. 

For the 1977 cohort, the lowest naturalization rates are 
observed among the numerically-limited Western 



Chart S 

Naturalization Rates Through Fiscal Year 1993 

of Immigrants Admitted in Fiscal 

Years 1977 and 1982 by Age 

Naturalization rate (percent) 

50 



40- 



30 



20 



10 








Fiscal year 1977 immigrants 
Fiscal year 1982 immigrants 



Age 16 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70+ 

Hemisphere immigrants (24.8 percent; a category no 
longer in use), immediate relatives of U.S. citizens (34.6 
percent), and nonpreference immigrants (36.9 percent; 
another category no longer in use). Refugees admitted 
under the Cuban Adjustment Act have a 40.1 percent 
naturalization rate, slightly below the cohort average. 
However, the 1977 cohort of Cuban refugees has a 
relatively old age structure; when age is statistically 
controlled, their naturalization rate is more like that of 
other refugee groups. In the 1982 cohort also, immediate 
relatives of U.S. citizens have the lowest naturalization 
rate of the large immigrant categories, at 28.5 percent, and 
Cuban refugees appear less likely to naturalize than other 
refugees, at 30.6 percent. 

The differing tendency to naturalize among immigrants 
from different parts of the world is especially striking. In 
general, immigrants from Asia, Africa, and Eastern 
Europe are very likely to naturalize, while immigrants 
from Western Europe and the Western Hemisphere are 
unlikely to do so. Some interesting exceptions are 
observed; for example, few Japanese immigrants become 
citizens. Tables K and L display the 20 countries that 
were the largest sources of immigrants aged 16 or older in 
the 1977 and 1982 cohorts, respectively, with the 
corresponding numbers who have naturalized through 
1993 and their naturalization rates. 

For the 1977 cohort (Table K), the range is from 63.3 
percent naturalized for immigrants from the Soviet Union 
to only 14.5 percent of the Canadians. In addition to the 
Soviet Union, all of the countries with above average 

131 



naturalization rates are Asian except for Guyana. A similar 
pattern is evident for the 1982 cohort (Table L), although the 
list of top 20 countries differs somewhat. The naturalization 
rate for persons who immigrated from Taiwan in 1982 had 
reached 68.3 percent by 1993, while the lowest rate was 
observed among Germans, 9.1 percent. Again, the only 
non- Asian countries in the 1982 cohort with above average 
rates of naturalization are the Soviet Union and Guyana. 
Among the countries that appear in the top 20 in both years, 
the 1982 cohort's rates are lower, partly because they have 
had less time to naturalize, but in some cases the decline in 
the rate is greater than would be expected due to the time 
factor alone. The decline is particularly large among 
immigrants from Korea, Jamaica, and India. The overall 
higher rate at which the 1982 cohort is naturalizing despite 
the observed lower rate for many major source countries 
appears to be explained by the different composition of the 
two immigrant cohorts. In 1982, more of the top 20 source 
countries were in Asia, and a higher proportion of the 
immigrants had entered as refugees. 

Substantial differences in naturalization rates can also be seen 
among people in different occupational categories. In general, 
people in high status occupations, particularly medical 
professionals and engineers, have the highest naturalization 
rates. Categories of people without a substantial current 
attachment to the labor force, such as homemakers and those 
who report themselves to be unemployed or retired, have the 
lowest naturalization rates. These observations hold true for 
both the 1977 and 1982 cohorts. 



Limitations of Linked-Records Method 

This analysis is based on linking the records of individuals 
who became immigrants in 1977 and 1982 with 
naturalization records pertaining to those same individuals 
in subsequent years. Errors in either record may prevent a 
successful match, so some people who did naturalize may 
be classified as not having done so. This would cause the 
calculated naturalization rates to be understated. The rates 
are also understated to the extent that immigrants die 
before naturalizing. However, when age-specific U.S. 
death rates are applied to the 1977 immigrant cohort, a 
preliminary analysis indicates that mortality has an 
estimated effect of only about 3 percentage points on the 
calculated naturalization rate overall. This relatively small 
effect is due to the young age structure of the immigrant 
cohort, implying few expected deaths in the time frame of 
this analysis. 

The record linkage work was performed anew for this 
analysis. In the 1977 cohort, it added 6,598 matched 
naturalization records for persons aged 16 and older, of 
which 5,460 persons were naturalized in fiscal year 1993 
and the remaining persons in earlier years, primarily 1992. 
For the 1982 cohort, the record linkage work added 8,906 
records, including 6,586 persons who naturalized in fiscal 
year 1993. Small changes also appear for both cohorts in 
the distribution of years of naturalization beginning in 
fiscal year 1983, compared to the figures published in the 
1993 Statistical Yearbook. 



Table K 
Naturalization Rates Through Fiscal Year 1993 of Immigrants Admitted in Fiscal Year 1977 

by Selected Country of Birth 



Country of birth 



Immigrants in 1977 



Number 
admitted 



Naturalizations 
through 1993 



Rate 



Country of birth 



Immigrants in 1977 



Number 
admitted 



Naturalizations 
through 1993 



Rate 



Ail countries , 

Soviet Union 

Philippines 

China, Mainland 

Korea 

Guyana 

India 

Colombia 

Jamaica 

Cuba 

Haiti 



352,071 

4,535 
31,686 
14,421 
19,824 

4,115 

15,033 
6,138 
7,896 

57,023 
4,268 



145,935 

2,872 
19,635 

8,787 
11,060 

2,295 

8,066 
2,488 
3,200 
22,672 
1,631 



41.5 

63.3 
62.0 
60.9 
55.8 
55.8 

53.7 
40.5 
40.5 
39.8 
38.2 



Greece 6,577 2,080 31.6 

Trinidad & Tobago . 4,516 1,350 29.9 

Ecuador 4,063 1,028 25.3 

Portugal 6,964 1,743 25.0 

Dominican Republic 8,955 2,178 24.3 

United Kingdom .... 8,982 1,733 19.3 

Mexico 30,967 5,461 17.6 

Italy 5,843 975 16.7 

Germany 4,899 719 14.7 

Canada 9,000 1,309 14.5 

Other 96,366 44,653 46.3 



Ages 16 and over. Naturalizations through 1993 divided by the number of immigrants admitted. 



132 



Table L 
Naturalization Rates Through Fiscal Year 1993 of Immigrants Admitted in Fiscal Year 1982 

by Selected Country of Birth 



Country of birth 



Immigrants in 1982 



Number 
admitted 



Naturalizations 
through 1993 



Rate' 



Country of birth 



Immigrants in 1982 



Number 
admitted 



Naturalizations 
through 1993 



Rate 



AH countries 

Taiwan 

Philippines 

Vietnam 

Soviet Union 

Guyana 

China, Mainland 

h-an 

Cambodia 

India 

Korea 



447,766 

7,304 
36,015 
49,721 
11,837 

6,800 
23,409 

9,231 

8,921 

17,902 

23,000 



168,461 

4,991 

21,664 

28,977 

6,751 

3,394 

11,559 

4,486 
3,598 
6,969 
7,759 



37.6 

68.3 
60.2 
58.3 
57.0 
49.9 
49.4 

48.6 
40.3 
38.9 

33.7 



Colombia 

Laos 

Cuba 

Haiti 

Jamaica ... 



Dominican Republic 
United Kingdom .... 

Mexico 

Canada 

Germany 

Other 



6,637 

22,480 

6,955 

6,904 

13,213 

12,951 

11,325 

41,929 

7,787 

5,707 

117,738 



2,027 
6,340 
1,878 
1,768 
3,227 

2,509 

1,615 

5,002 

822 

521 

42,604 



30.5 
28.2 
27.0 
25.6 

24.4 

19.4 
14.3 
11.9 
10.6 
9.1 

36.2 



Ages 16andover. '^ Naturalizations through 1993 divided by the number of immigrants admitted. 



The naturalization rates reported here represent the 
cumulative experience of the 1977 and 1982 immigrant 
cohorts through 1993. These rates will continue to increase 
over time as more of these immigrants become citizens. 
The yearly increment is expected to remain fairly small, 
although the upturn in naturalizations in recent years is 
likely to have a continued effect. The experience of these 
cohorts will continue to be reported in future Yearbooks. 
This analysis covers only two cohorts. It is possible that 
immigrants arriving in earlier or later years behave 
differently with regard to naturalization, as indicated by the 
differences noted between the two cohorts. 

Country-Cohort Method 

Naturalization rates have been calculated using another 
method, comparing immigration and naturalization cohorts 
over a period of time by country of birth. Chart T shows 
the number of immigrants admitted from the 15 leading 
countries of birth who entered the United States during the 
1970-79 period, and the number of persons from those 
countries who naturalized during 1970-94 and reported 
entry during 1970-79. The rates computed by the country- 
cohort method generally correspond to the naturalization 
rates calculated by the record-linkage method, despite the 
fact that the country-cohort method is less precise. 
Overall, nearly 43 percent of these immigrants had 
naturalized by the end of fiscal year 1994. 

The naturalization rates calculated for the 1970-79 
country cohorts range from the low observation for 



Canada, with 17.1 percent having naturalized through 
fiscal year 1994, to Vietnam, with 92.6 percent. Of the 
15 countries with the greatest number of immigrants in 
the 1970-79 country cohorts, Asian countries have the 
highest naturalization rates. In addition to Vietnam, 
China (Mainland and Taiwan combined) (68.2 percent), 
the Philippines (65.9), Korea (61.1), and India (58.7) are 
the countries with the highest rates of naturalization 
calculated by this method. The two countries with the 
lowest rates are contiguous to the United States — Canada 
(17.1 percent) and Mexico (19.2). Other countries within 
North America have higher rates of naturalization, such 
as Cuba (34.8 percent) and Jamaica (38.5). 
Naturalization rates for the European countries range 
from 24.7 percent for the United Kingdom to 41.6 
percent for Greece. 

Limitations of Country-Cohort Method 

The country-cohort results are not as precise as those 
calculated by linking individual records because 
persons under the age of 16 who may have derived 
their citizenship are included in the number of 
immigrants in the denominator but are not counted as 
naturalizations in the numerator. Other errors may 
result from misreporting of the year of initial entry in 
either the immigrant or naturalized citizen records. On 
the other hand, by combining immigrants from several 
years, the country-cohort method may avoid possible 
bias from unusual immigrant characteristics in any 
single year. 



133 



Chart T 
Immigrants Admitted, Calendar Years 1970-79 by Selected Country of Birth 



OI 




X iivjsc Aim 


■ Ilgl CIIII.9. 


1.' ■s«,<ti i. ca 


13 xi^/u-^^t 




Percent 
Naturalized 


Mexico 


^^^//////////////////////////////////A 


19.2 


Philippines 


1^^^^^^^^ 








65.9 


Cuba 


^■■/////////////l 




34.8 


Korea 


^^^^//////A 


61.1 


China 

India 

Vietnam 


^mm////A 




68.2 
58.7 
92.6 


Dominican Republic 


mi//////A 


Total immigrants _ ■ Naturalized 
admitted 1 Not naturalized 


30.1 


Italy 


m//////A 


263 


Jamaica 


^////A 


38.5 


United Kingdom 


m/////A 












24.7 


Canada 

Portugal 

Greece 

Colombia 


w////yA 

Wl///A 


17.1 
34.1 
41.6 
46.8 


Thousands ( 


, . , ■ 1 • 1 • 1 • 1 ■ 

) 100 200 300 400 500 600 



NOTE: China includes Mainland China and Taiwan. 



The naturalization rate of 92.6 percent calculated for 
Vietnamese in the 1970-79 cohorts is substantially higher than 
the 66.1 percent naturalization rate through 1993 observed 
among Vietnamese in the 1977 cohort alone. The 1970-79 



cohort figures are dominated by the large number of 
Vietnamese refugees who arrived in 1975 and became 
permanent resident aliens in 1978, the first year they were 
allowed to adjust their status under the Indochina Refugee Act. 



134 



THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK 



TABLE 45. PETITIONS FOR NATURALIZATIONS FILED, PERSONS NATURALIZED, 

AND PETITIONS FOR NATURALIZATIONS DENIED 

FISCAL YEAR 1907-94 



Year 



Petitions filed 



Persons naturalized 



Total 



Civilian 



Military 



Not reported 



Petitions denied 



1907-94 ... 

1907-10 ... 
1911-20 ... 
1921-30 ... 
1931-40 ... 
1941-50 ... 
1951-60 ... 

1961-70 ... 

1961 

1962 

1963 

1964 

1965 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 

1970 

1971-80 ... 

1971 

1972 

1973 

1974 

1975 

1976 

1976, TQ 

1977 

1978 

1979 

1980 

1981-90 ... 

1981 

1982 

1983 

1984 

1985 

1986 

1987 

1988 

1989 

1990 

1991-94 .. 

1991 

1992 

1993 

1994 



14,924,966 

164,036 
1,381,384 
1,884,277 
1,637,113 
1,938,066 
1,230,483 

1,142,985 

138,718 
129,682 
121,170 
113,218 
106,813 

104,853 
108,369 
103,085 
102,317 
114,760 

1,556,307 

109,897 
121,883 
126,929 
136,175 
149,399 

157,932 
41,220 
186,354 
168,854 
165,434 
192,230 

2,375,727 

171,073 
201,507 
187,719 
286.440 
305,981 

290,732 
232,988 
237,752 
227,692 
233,843 

1,614,588 

206,668 
342,269 
522,298 
543,353 



13,779,022 

111,738 
1,128,972 
1,773,185 
1,518,464 
1,987,028 
1,189,946 

1,120,263 

132,450 
127,307 
124,178 
112,234 
104,299 

103,059 
104,902 
102,726 
98,709 
1 10,399 

1,464,772 

108,407 
116,215 
120,740 
131,655 
141,537 

142,504 
48,218 
159,873 
173,535 
164,150 
157,938 

2,214,265 

166,317 
173,688 
178,948 
197,023 
244,717 

280,623 
227,008 
242,063 
233,777 
270,101 

1,270,389 

308,058 
240,252 
314,681 
407,398 



13,035,922 

111,738 
884,672 
1,716,979 
1,498,573 
1,837,229 
1,148,241 

1,084,195 

130,731 
124,972 
121,618 
109,629 
101,214 

100,498 

102,211 

100,288 

93,251 

99,783 

1397,846 

98,858 
107,740 
112,944 
124,807 
135,323 

136,873 
46,705 
154,568 
168,409 
158,276 
153,343 

2,155,519 

162,227 
170,071 
175,678 
192,113 
238,394 

275,352 
224,100 
239,541 
231,198 
246,845 

U00,930 

299,373 
222,519 
303.211 
375,827 



663,500 



244,300 
56,206 
19,891 

149,799 
41.705 

36,068 

1,719 
2,335 
2,560 
2,605 
3,085 

2,561 
2,691 
2,438 
5,458 
10,616 

66,926 

9,549 
8,475 
7,796 
6,848 
6,214 

5,631 
1,513 
5,305 
5,126 
5,874 
4,595 

28317 
4,090 
3,617 
3,196 
2,965 
3,266 

2,901 
2,402 
2,296 
1,954 
1,630 

20,288 

1,804 
5,702 
7,069 
5,713 



79,600 



30,429 



74 
1,945 
3,057 

2.370 

506 

226 

625 

21,626 

49,171 

6,881 
12,031 

4,401 
25,858 



644,907 

17,702 
118.725 
165,493 
45,792 
64,814 
27,569 

23,557 
3,175 
3,557 
2,436 
2,309 
2.059 

2,029 
2,008 
1,962 
2,043 
1,979 

27,978 
2,028 
1,837 
1,708 
2,210 
2,300 

2,231 
568 
2,845 
3,894 
3,987 
4,370 

47,224 
4,316 
3,994 
3,160 
3,373 
3,610 

5,980 
6,771 
4,304 
5,200 
6,516 

106,053 

6,268 
19,293 
39,931 
40,561 



- Represents zero. 

NOTE: See Glossary for fiscal year definitions. See Naturalization section of text for an explanation of the data collected by the INS's workload measurement 



system and INS data on characteristics of persons naturalized, 
unreported information for 1990-92 and 1994. 



See Naturalization section of text for an explanation of the large number of naturalizations with 



136 



TABLE 46. PERSONS NATURALIZED BY GENERAL AND SPECIAL NATURALIZATION PROVISIONS 

FISCAL YEARS 1989-94 



Naturalization provisions 



1989 



1990 



1991 



1992 



1993 



1994 



Total naturalized 

General provisions 

Special provisions 

Persons married to U.S. citizens 

Children, including adopted children, of U.S. 

citizen parents 

Military 

Persons who served in the U.S. antied forces 
for 3 years 

Persons who served in the U.S. armed 
forces during World War I, World War II, 
the Korean hostilities, the Vietnam 
hostilities, or the Grenada campaign 

Lodge Act enlistees 

Persons honorably discharged from the U.S. 
armed forces following service in 
World War 11 

Natives of the Philippines who served 
honorably in the Philippine Army during 

World War II 

Other 

Surviving spouses of citizen members of the 
armed forces of the United States 

Employees of nonprofit organizations engaged 
in disseminating information promoting 
U.S. interests 

Persons who served on certain U.S. vessels 

Nationals but not citizens of the United States . 

Phihppine citizens who entered the United 
States prior to May 1, 1934, and have 
resided continuously in the United States .... 

Certain inhabitants of the Virgin Islands who 
renounced Danish citizenship 

Former U.S. citizens who lost citizenship by 
marriage 

Former U.S. citizens who lost citizenship by 
entering the armed forces of foreign 
countries during World War II 

Persons naturalized under private law 

Persons who perform ininisterial or priestly 
functions of a religious order in the 
United States 

Not reported 



233,777 
210.673 

22,479 

14,346 

6,087 
1,954 

1,314 



631 
5 



X 
92 



2 
29 

5 



15 

5 



19 
625 



270,101 

225,319 

23,156 

15,126 

6,339 
1,630 

1,208 



418 



X 
61 



I 
19 

5 



13 



17 



21,626 



308,058 

269,594 

31,583 

21,833 

7,901 
1,804 

1,139 



625 



35 
45 



3 
12 
10 



10 



6,881 



240,252 

197,559 

30,662 

19,151 

5,743 
5,702 

989 



429 



4,282 
66 



1 
14 
21 



12,031 



314,681 

273,857 

36,423 

22,392 

6,759 
7,069 

1,019 



500 



5,546 
203 

10 



I 
21 

14 



10 



38 



105 
4,401 



407398 

342,863 

38,677 
24,941 

7,718 
5,713 

1,028 



194 
3 



4,487 
305 



2 

27 
15 



67 



175 
25,858 



NOTE: See Naturalization section of text for explanation of the large number of naturalizations with unreported information for 1990-92 and 1994. 
- Represents zero. X Not applicable. 



137 



TABLE 47. PERSONS NATURALIZED BY SELECTED NATURALIZATION PROVISIONS 
AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF FORMER ALLEGIANCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1994 



Region and country 
of former allegiance 



Total 
naturalized 



General 
provisions 



Special provisions 



Total 



Married to 
U.S. citizens 



Children of 
U.S. parents 



Military 



Other 



All countries 

Europe 

Austria 

Belgium 

Bulgaria 

Czechoslovakia . 

Denmark 

Finland 

France 

Germany 

Greece 

Hungary 

Ireland 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Soviet Union 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

Afghanistan 

Bangladesh 

Burma 

Cambodia 

China, Mainland 

Cyprus 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Iraq 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Kuwait 

Laos 

Lebanon 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Saudi Arabia 

Singapore 

Sri Lanka 

Syria 

Taiwan 

Thailand 

Turkey 

Vietnam 

Yemen 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Algeria 

Camaroon 

Cape Verde 

Egypt 



407,398 

61,476 

277 

252 

228 

670 

248 

132 

1,698 

3,590 

2,538 

777 

1,615 

5,622 

687 

174 

6,857 

5,997 

3,250 

6,708 

794 

293 

560 

15,003 

2,917 

589 

173,550 

1,884 
1,151 

692 

3,754 

20,828 

191 
20,454 

451 
8,746 
1,635 
3,041 
1,292 
2,836 
11,389 

409 
5,643 
4,255 

484 

4,455 

37,304 

129 

196 

489 
1,631 
9,450 
1,467 
1,555 
26,833 

768 

138 

15327 
167 
172 
516 

2,430 



342,863 

54,252 

237 

218 

160 

611 

224 

112 

1,469 

3,116 

2,212 

634 

1,442 

5,230 

598 

151 

6,133 

5,677 

2,691 

5,812 

670 

264 

485 

13,049 

2,558 

499 

138,766 

1,723 

952 

592 

3,388 

17,628 

152 

17,822 

336 

7,444 

1,400 

2,297 

1,103 

2,024 

9,055 

235 

5,194 

3,067 

355 

3,624 

23,847 

67 

151 

395 

1,131 

7,938 

1,108 

1,198 

24,173 

273 

94 

12,442 

124 
125 
439 

1,787 



38,677 

4,170 

22 

22 

42 

30 

14 

13 

141 

233 

190 

70 

112 

156 

50 

15 

514 

132 

351 

351 

70 

14 

44 

1,277 

267 

40 

24,173 

87 
156 

47 

74 
2,215 

32 
1,836 

67 
500 
177 
574 

92 
687 
1,243 
154 
187 
925 
103 
655 
11,239 

48 

31 

54 
374 
769 
205 
260 
881 
462 

39 

2,166 

37 

38 

46 

493 



24,941 

3,098 

16 
19 

25 

22 

11 

11 

126 

183 

153 

54 

91 

146 

45 

12 

390 

75 

182 

222 

45 

12 

40 

983 

214 

21 

14,210 

44 
108 

37 

22 
1,804 

29 
1,249 

45 
442 
151 
479 

68 
588 
695 
134 

40 
796 

81 

473 

5,258 

31 

28 

45 
339 
576 
109 
243 
242 

29 

25 

1,950 

36 
29 

37 
444 



7,718 

977 
6 

2 

16 

6 

3 

1 

14 

31 

34 

15 

17 

10 

3 

2 

117 

53 

166 

126 

22 

2 

4 

260 

53 

14 

4,592 

43 

47 

8 

48 

392 
3 

580 
21 
54 
26 
91 
23 
99 

522 
19 

145 

125 
20 

178 

726 

17 

3 

8 

35 

189 
91 
14 

619 

433 
13 

176 

9 
9 

47 



5,713 
65 



1 

1 
17 
1 
1 
4 



25 



5,151 

1 
1 

4 



1 

15 
1 

2 
3 
2 
2 
5,087 



1 

5 

2 

10 



34 

1 



305 
30 

1 
1 



5 
220 

1 
11 
5 
2 
3 



2 
168 



1 
3 

1 

10 

1 
6 



See footnotes at end of table. 

138 



TABLE 47. PERSONS NATURALIZED BY SELECTED NATURALIZATION PROVISIONS 

AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF FORMER ALLEGIANCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1994— Continued 



Region and country 
of former allegiance 



Total 
naturalized 



General 
provisions 



Special provisions 



Total 



Married to 
U.S. citizens 



Children of 
U.S. parents 



Military 



Other 



Not 
reported 



Ethiopia 

Ghana 

Kenya 

Liberia 

Libya 

Morocco 

Nigeria 

Sierra Leone 

Somalia 

South Africa 

Sudan 

Tanzania 

Uganda 

Other Africa 

Oceania 

Australia 

Fiji 

New Zealand 

Tonga 

Western Samoa 

Other Oceania 

North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Antigua-Barbuda 

Bahamas, The 

Barbados 

Cuba 

Dominica 

Dominican Republic 

Grenada 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

St. Kitts & Nevis 

St. Lucia 

St. Vincent & Grenadines 

Trinidad & Tobago 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Paraguay 

Peru 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Other South America 

Stateless 

Not reported 



2.372 

1,112 
346 
620 
158 
681 

3,714 
399 
160 

1,091 
136 
236 
165 
852 

1,774 
313 
687 
256 
166 
171 
181 

120,734 

8,782 

39,310 

57,300 

613 

232 

1,423 

15,896 

382 

11,399 

815 

7,982 

12,173 

578 

378 

533 

4,896 

15342 

560 

965 

4,998 

2,625 

2,123 

2,269 

1,802 

33,974 

2,245 
783 

1,298 

1,129 
12,067 

3,791 

6,066 
257 

4,520 
654 

1,075 
89 

216 

347 



2,142 
954 
293 
500 
126 
373 

3,115 
333 
122 
901 
93 
197 
145 
673 

1,514 

271 
615 
204 
143 
136 
145 

105,780 

7,807 

31,676 

53,384 

550 

208 

1,344 

15,310 

337 

10,168 

780 

7,543 

11,320 

493 

331 

498 

4,502 

12,913 

496 

825 

4,366 

2,129 

1,806 

1,957 

1,334 

29,781 

1,911 
655 

1.019 

946 

10,884 

3,476 

5,556 
133 

3,644 

606 

874 

77 

202 

126 



98 

117 

34 

88 

18 

280 

484 

49 

33 

145 

35 

25 

9 

137 

189 

26 
59 
33 
16 
26 
29 

5,237 

500 

1,217 

2,235 

25 

23 

46 

95 

14 

823 

23 

280 

564 

27 

28 

19 

268 

1,285 

37 

64 

267 

241 

197 

186 

293 

2,706 

156 

70 
195 

95 
730 
147 
378 

79 
653 

29 
163 

11 

14 

22 



77 
97 
29 
74 
18 

275 

446 
44 
30 

130 

28 

23 

9 

124 

145 

22 
49 
29 
15 
21 
9 

3,527 

348 

916 

1,383 

14 

15 

31 

56 

9 

476 

10 

206 

315 

15 

19 

14 

203 

880 

23 

50 

201 

114 

128 

148 

216 

1,995 

139 

57 
136 

59 
511 
107 
243 

17 
558 

25 

134 

9 

10 

6 



16 

17 
4 
7 

4 

27 

3 

13 
7 
2 

II 

17 

3 
9 

2 

2 
1 

1,293 

125 
196 
663 

7 

3 

7 

24 

3 

322 

11 

67 

166 

7 

9 

4 

33 

309 

4 

12 

50 

116 

67 

24 

36 

644 

15 
11 
58 
35 

196 
30 

124 

61 

84 

3 

26 

1 

4 

15 



5 
2 
1 
6 

I 

11 
4 



12 

1 
1 

2 
1 
2 
5 

393 

24 
101 
176 

3 
5 
7 

12 
2 

24 
2 
7 

77 
5 

1 
31 
92 

10 
2 
14 
11 
2 
13 
40 

58 

1 

2 

1 

1 

21 

10 

11 

1 

5 

1 

3 

1 



15 



1 
14 

24 
3 
4 

13 

1 

I 
3 



132 
41 
19 
32 
14 
28 

115 

17 

5 

45 

8 

14 
11 
42 

71 

16 

13 

19 

7 

9 

7 

9,717 

475 

6,417 

1,681 

38 

I 

33 

491 

31 

408 

12 

159 

289 

58 

19 

16 

126 

1,144 

27 

76 

365 

255 

120 

126 

175 

1,487 

178 

58 

84 

88 

453 

168 

132 

45 

223 

19 

38 

1 



199 



- Represents zero. 



139 



TABLE 48. PERSONS NATURALIZED BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF FORMER ALLEGIANCE 

FISCAL YEARS 1985-94 



Region and country of 
former allegiance 



1985 



1986 



1987 



1988 



1989 



1990 



1991 



1992 



1993 



1994 



All countries 

Europe 

Czechoslovakia 

France 

Germany 

Greece 

Hungary 

Ireland 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Soviet Union 

Spain 

Switzerland 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

Afghanistan 

Bangladesh 

Burma 

Cambodia 

China, Mainland 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Iraq 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Kuwait 

Laos 

Lebanon 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Sri Lanka 

Syria 

Taiwan 

Thailand 

Turkey 

Vietnam 

Yemen 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Cape Verde 

Egypt 

Ethiopia 

Ghana 

Kenya 

Liberia 

Morocco 

Nigeria 

Sierra Leone 

South Africa 

Other Africa 

See footnotes at end of table. 



244,717 

45,599 

480 

1,145 

3,352 

4,283 

845 

911 

3,816 

585 

2,939 

3,579 

1,400 

8,935 

710 

309 

8,833 

1,908 

1,569 

113,084 

154 

337 

855 

860 

11,743 

10,357 

489 

3,431 

1,571 

2,117 

1,053 

1,628 

16,824 

44 

1,616 

2,964 

305 

1,950 

28,954 

267 

902 

3,407 

1,518 

932 

18,060 

300 

446 

5,305 

96 

1,803 

258 

284 

212 

108 

185 

166 

62 

954 

1,177 



280,623 

44,598 

697 

1,147 

3,248 

2,750 

824 

991 

3,110 

569 

3,140 

4,177 

1,816 

9,370 

658 

285 

8,609 

1,758 

1,449 

134,695 

297 

296 

888 

1,847 

11,151 

10,017 

538 

4,569 

1,659 

2,300 

1,011 

1,819 

18,037 

111 

3,426 

3,011 

315 

2,285 

31,002 

238 

1,096 

4,501 

1,750 

1,019 

30,840 

254 

418 

6334 

101 

1,888 

474 

497 

225 

109 

253 

211 

66 

1,296 

1,214 



227,008 

36,532 
699 

975 

2,315 

2,083 

661 

813 

2,601 

485 

2,731 

3,518 

1,909 

7,276 

487 

225 

7,102 

1,495 

1,157 

H3392 

528 

334 

634 

2,816 

9,208 

8,659 

425 

4,277 

1,316 

1,740 

752 

1,700 

14,233 

94 

3,159 

2,350 

336 

1,976 

25,296 

236 

890 

4,033 

1,327 

980 

25,469 

229 

395 

5,956 

196 

1,731 

714 

434 

197 

159 

239 

159 

96 

884 

1,147 



242,063 

36,351 

775 

950 

2,363 

2,239 

683 

827 

2,852 

449 

4,145 

3,236 

2,060 

5,304 

616 

254 

7,042 

1,484 

1,072 

114,849 

905 

419 

532 

3,132 

10,509 

9,983 

384 

4,970 

1,397 

1,815 

1,041 

1,834 

13,012 

119 

3,480 

2,262 

323 

2,174 

24,580 

230 

1,097 

5,716 

1,308 

1,242 

21,636 

317 

432 

7,122 
204 

1,960 

1,142 
617 
186 
224 
274 
274 
117 
746 

1,378 



233,777 

35,079 

949 

940 

2,196 

2,768 

580 

787 

2,492 

410 

5,002 

2,698 

2,190 

3,020 

490 

246 

7,865 

1,342 

1,104 

111,488 

1,051 

496 

479 

3,234 

11,664 

9,833 

352 

4,485 

1,387 

1,703 

727 

1,872 

11,301 

198 

3,463 

2,213 

362 

2,443 

24,802 

298 

908 

5,779 

1,167 

1,085 

19,357 

349 

480 

7,209 

223 

1,638 

1,246 

567 

202 

229 

243 

932 

137 

687 

1,105 



270,101 

37,264 

916 

1,091 

2,395 

2,270 

743 

742 

2,453 

410 

5,972 

2,491 

2,914 

2,847 

535 

302 

8,286 

1,640 

1,257 

124,675 

1,141 

696 

597 

3,525 

13,563 

11,499 

350 

5,973 

1,855 

2,102 

736 

2,408 

10,500 

247 

3,329 

2,797 

426 

3,330 

25.936 

335 

1,146 

6,895 

1,145 

1,214 

22,027 

419 

484 

8,770 

272 

1,945 

1,370 

714 

257 

283 

320 

1,415 

163 

697 

1,334 



308,058 

37,808 

843 

1,413 

2,197 

1,820 

814 

746 

1,976 

508 

5,493 

1,848 

3,471 

2,822 

436 

357 

9,935 

1,642 

1,487 

160,367 

1,392 

874 

827 

4,786 

16,783 

12,961 

603 

10,411 

1,641 

2,789 

938 

2,493 

12,266 

301 

3,594 

3,570 

477 

3,670 

33,714 

464 

1,480 

10,876 

1,379 

1,349 

29,603 

590 

536 

10,230 

178 

2,644 

1,453 

669 

273 

356 

365 

1,775 

194 

883 

1,440 



240,252 

30,781 

676 

1,124 

1,901 

1,769 

608 

738 

1,618 

378 

4,681 

1,884 

2,457 

1,648 

462 

310 

7,800 

1,452 

1,275 

121,965 

1,047 

967 

454 

2,749 

13,488 

13,413 

309 
6,778 
1,196 
2,376 

621 
2,297 
8,297 

299 
3,052 
2,881 

388 

3,350 

28,579 

333 
1,200 
6,408 

962 

1,124 

18,357 

528 

512 

9,628 

226 

2,098 

1,505 

692 

237 

359 

396 

1,862 

187 

650 

1,416 



314,681 

42,162 

629 
1,239 
2,554 
2,135 

624 
1,079 
3,495 

471 
5,551 
3,978 
2,699 
2,763 

615 

393 

10,158 

2,198 

1,581 

145,318 

1,539 

942 

469 

3,149 

16,851 

16,506 

408 

7,029 

1,522 

2,609 

989 

2,678 

9,611 

344 

3,945 

3,402 

418 

3,777 

33,864 

445 

1,312 

7,384 

1,169 

1,229 

22,427 

706 

594 

11,293 

216 

2,045 

1,858 

722 

307 

455 

482 

2,378 

292 

830 

1,708 



407398 

61,476 

670 
1,698 
3,590 
2,538 

777 
1,615 
5,622 

687 
6,857 
5,997 
3,250 
6,708 

794 

560 

15,003 

2.917 

2,193 

173,550 

1,884 
1,151 

692 

3,754 

20,828 

20.454 

451 
8,746 
1.635 
3.041 
1,292 
2,836 
11,389 

409 
5,643 
4,255 

484 

4,455 

37,304 

489 
1,631 
9,450 
1,467 
1,555 
26,833 

768 

654 

15327 

516 

2,430 

2,372 

1,112 

346 

620 

681 

3,714 

399 

1,091 

2,046 



140 



TABLE 48. PERSONS NATURALIZED BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF FORMER ALLEGIANCE 

FISCAL YEARS 1985-94— Continued 



Region and country of 
former allegiance 

Oceania 

Australia 

Fiji 

Other Oceania 

North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Antigua-Barbuda 

Barbados 

Cuba 

Dominica 

Dominican Republic 

Grenada 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

St. Kitts & Nevis 

St. Lucia 

St. Vincent & Grenadines 

Trinidad & Tobago 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

South America 

Argentina 

Bohvia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Peru 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Other South America 

U.S. possessions 

Stateless or not reported 



1985 



1986 



1987 



1988 



1989 



1990 



1991 



1992 



1993 



1994 



869 

166 
317 
386 

61,761 

3,824 

23,042 

26,899 

225 

885 

10,487 

205 

5,887 

267 

2,545 

4,809 

68 

69 

106 

1,280 

66 

7,996 

265 

819 

2,119 

1,408 

1,219 

965 

1,201 

15,227 

1,456 

484 

655 

1,213 

4,136 

1,739 

2,628 

1,969 

458 

348 

141 

22 

2,850 



1,057 

180 
368 
509 

73,899 

3,787 

27,807 

32,442 

178 

1,036 

13,818 

165 

5,980 

250 

2,608 

6,563 

75 

66 

103 

1,476 

124 

9,863 

366 

968 

2,628 

1,841 

1,400 

1,343 

1,317 

16,925 

1,593 

514 

615 

1,242 

5,156 

1,870 

2,784 

2,180 

337 

468 

166 

13 

3,102 



902 

115 

377 
410 

54,794 

2,919 

21,999 

21,751 

205 
794 

6,738 
266 

4,257 
290 

1,936 

5,196 
154 
221 
205 

1,427 
62 

8,125 
316 
658 

2,428 

1,490 
964 

1,118 

1,151 

13,945 

1,194 

401 

466 

955 

4,006 

1,519 

2,694 

1,844 

379 

373 

114 

3 

1,484 



779 

76 
353 
350 

65,096 

2,947 

22,085 

31,110 

550 

896 

11,228 

421 

5,842 

360 

2,350 

6,441 

325 

281 

250 

2,079 

87 

8,954 

426 

726 

2,291 

1,358 

1,229 

1,363 

1,561 

16,972 

1,288 

448 

553 

1,040 

5,021 

1,774 

3,535 

2,255 

406 

490 

162 

31 

863 



868 

81 
436 
351 

61,954 

2,922 

18,520 

31,952 

490 

931 

9,514 

436 

6,454 

413 

3,692 

6,455 

405 

249 

263 

2,552 

98 

8,560 

373 

676 

2,001 

1,281 

1,167 

1,271 

1,791 

16,503 

1,246 

424 

564 

887 

4,736 

1,671 

3,654 

2,267 

381 

521 

152 

52 

624 



881 

110 
374 
397 

64,730 

3,644 

17,564 

34320 

339 

970 

10,291 

399 

5,984 

459 

5,009 

6,762 

265 

204 

279 

3,198 

161 

9,202 

389 

589 

2,410 

1,280 

1,259 

1,520 

1,755 

19,548 

1,466 

471 

674 

866 

5,540 

2,052 

4,306 

2,829 

433 

751 

160 

52 

14,181 



1,045 

116 

477 
452 

71,838 

4,441 

22,066 

34,025 

478 

852 

9,554 

550 

6,368 

456 

4,436 

6,838 

699 

286 

324 

3,033 

151 

11306 

499 

792 

3,653 

1,832 

1,306 

1,732 

1,492 

20,928 

1,850 

519 

683 

920 

5,513 

2,215 

4,826 

3,088 

400 

747 

167 

53 

5,789 



891 

140 
398 
353 

56,710 

4,067 

12,880 

32,272 

376 

669 

7,763 

308 

8,464 

421 

3,993 

6,765 

307 

194 

254 

2,602 

156 

7,491 

304 

547 

2,056 

1,086 

1,248 

1,100 

1,150 

19,982 

1,237 

423 

679 

713 

6,439 

1,857 

4,717 

2,633 

371 

730 

183 

51 

244 



1,208 

230 
544 
434 

87,751 

6,662 

23,630 

47,061 

439 

855 

15,109 

285 

12,274 

552 

5,202 

7,976 

372 

236 

328 

3,293 

140 

10,398 

381 

672 

3,057 

1,682 

1,713 

1,500 

1,393 

26,464 

1,611 

571 

922 

862 

9,976 

2,703 

4,938 

3,274 

577 

829 

201 

76 

409 



1,673 

313 
687 
673 

120,734 

8,782 

39,310 

57300 

613 

1,423 

15,896 

382 

11,399 

815 

7,982 

12,173 

578 

378 

533 

4,896 

232 

15342 

560 

965 

4,998 

2,625 

2,123 

2,269 

1,802 

33,974 

2,245 

783 

1,298 

1,129 

12,067 

3,791 

6,066 

4,520 

654 

1,075 

346 

101 

563 



- Represents zero. 

NOTE: See Naturalizations section of text for an explanation of the large number of naturalizations witli unreported information for 1990-92. 



141 



TABLE 49. PERSONS NATURALIZED BY SEX, MARITAL STATUS, AND MAJOR OCCUPATION GROUP 

FISCAL YEARS 1989-94 



Sex, marital status, and occupation 



1989 



1990 



1991 



1992 



1993 



1994 



Total 

Male 

Single 

Married 

Widowed 

Divorced 

Separated ' 

Unknown 

Female 

Single 

Married 

Widowed 

Divorced 

Separated ' 

Unknown 

Not reported 

Major occupation group: 

Professional, technical, and kindred workers 
Managers and administrators (except farm) .. 

Sales workers 

Clerical 

Craftsmen and kindred workers 

Operatives and laborers 

Farming, forestry, and fishing workers 

Service workers 

Homemakers, children, and others with 
no occupation reported 



233,777 

115,825 

31,960 

72,119 

865 

6,111 

4,736 

34 

117,837 

25,788 

76,760 

3,850 

7,548 

3,841 

50 

115 



21,404 
12,923 
11,726 
25,371 
14,451 
26,940 
1,447 
29,332 

90,183 



270,101 



15,158 



23,876 
14,058 
13,938 
25,421 
16,270 
29,105 
1,253 
31,655 

1 14,525 



308,058 



127,847 


151,620 


38,723 


46,383 


79,082 


92,913 


1,054 


1,353 


7,788 


10,161 


531 


491 


669 


319 


127,096 


150,140 


30,040 


36,798 


82,822 


96,610 


4,433 


5,350 


8,452 


10,570 


574 


478 


775 


334 



6,298 



25,479 
15,776 
17,435 
40,778 
13,826 
21,136 
1,195 
57,643 

114,790 



240,252 

120.430 

31,596 

75,328 

1,391 

8,251 

236 

3,628 

114,273 

25,029 

72,841 

4,498 

8,153 

250 

3,502 

5,549 



23,456 
13,659 
10,437 
29.759 
11,211 
20,602 
1,316 
21,889 

107,923 



314,681 



791 



27,954 
24,047 
15,379 
34,926 
15,353 
27,893 
1,735 
27,749 

139,645 



407,398 



155,910 


193,510 


40,667 


48,705 


102,320 


122,385 


2,109 


2,158 


10,511 


12,888 


171 


134 


132 


7,240 


157,980 


206,882 


34,279 


42,982 


103,094 


128,975 


7,817 


9,966 


12,501 


16,321 


138 


144 


151 


8,494 



7,006 



35,718 
25,383 
16,575 
38.887 
17,663 
46,246 
2,134 
33,435 

191,357 



' The number of naturalized persons who were separated is overstated in fiscal year 1989. 

NOTE: See Naturalizations section of text for an explanation of the large number of naturalizations with unreported information for 1990-92 and 1994. 



142 



TABLE 50. PERSONS NATURALIZED BY STATE OF RESIDENCE 
FISCAL YEARS 1985-94 



State of residence 



1985 



1986 



1987 



1988 



1989 



1990 



1991 



1992 



1993 



Total 

Alabama 

Alaska 

Arizona 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut 

Delaware 

District of Columbia 
Rorida 

Georgia 

Hawaii 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Kentucky 

Louisiana 

Maine 

Maryland 

Massachusetts 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi 

Missouri 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire 

New Jersey 

New Mexico 

New York 

North Carolina 

North Dakota 

Ohio 

Oklahoma 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania 

Rhode Island 

South Carolina 

South Dakota 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah 

Vermont 

Virginia 

Washington 

West Virginia 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming 

U.S. territories and 
possessions 

Guam 

Northern Mariana Is. 

Puerto Rico 

Virgin Islands 

Other or unknown .. 



244,717 

609 

574 

2,576 

456 

70,519 

2,379 

3,709 

291 

582 

10,362 

1,804 
4,291 

285 

10,389 

1,159 

745 
1,331 

910 
2,490 

269 

6,116 

5,898 
5,582 
2,106 

432 
1,292 

152 

425 
1,489 

341 

15,278 

829 

37,250 

1,626 

203 

3,257 

1,819 

1,678 

4,630 

1,113 

1,289 
78 

846 
19,206 

793 

135 
5,147 
4,349 

278 
1,469 

118 



1,547 

939 
773 

504 



280,623 

664 

577 

3.121 

605 

105,284 

2,490 

3,650 

258 

817 

20,366 

1,834 
4,760 

288 

18,606 

1,275 

715 
1,226 

675 
2,575 

318 

5,116 
6,187 

3,758 
2,295 

381 
1,314 

161 

555 
1,254 

344 

6,483 

751 

39,571 

1,702 

'65 

3,373 

1,284 

1,473 

4,117 

1,476 

558 

168 

1,033 

13,439 

1,335 

223 
4,892 
2,684 

235 
1,462 

143 



1,274 

653 

235 

425 



227,008 

506 
509 

2,788 

540 

82,607 

1,878 

2,589 
329 
385 

8,041 

1,856 
4,070 

199 
9,809 

807 

229 
1,268 

630 
1,406 

354 

4,180 
5,219 
3,869 
1,623 

239 

1.493 

91 

167 
1,302 

295 

15,054 

4 

32,320 

1,208 

137 

3,439 

571 

1,335 

6,663 

1,310 

484 

69 

911 

13,266 

875 

120 

3,335 

3,261 

241 

829 

67 



1,156 

270 
454 

351 



242,063 

646 

622 

2,136 

417 

65.397 

2.252 

3,209 

347 

696 

15,589 

2,104 
3,763 

230 
6,330 
1,148 

454 
1,360 

438 
2,115 

214 

3,578 
4,640 
3,764 
1,107 

259 
1,226 

127 

403 
1,228 

253 

23,728 

930 

38,457 

1,609 

212 

2,853 

1,793 

1,566 

5,900 

1,219 

1,112 

96 

1,004 

18,625 

1,152 

233 
5,000 
4,915 

267 
1,406 

119 



1,297 

1,705 
738 

75 



233,777 

653 

490 

2,562 

374 

50,286 

2,535 

3,938 

365 

832 

14,216 

3.235 
6,426 

122 
13,761 

806 

655 
1,119 

572 
1,847 

377 

3,884 
5,928 
2,588 
2,045 

423 

1,370 

45 

402 
1,382 

399 

15,859 
924 

41,922 
1,644 
186 
2.651 
1.300 
1.985 
5.606 
1.025 

1,028 
144 

1.015 

17.372 

787 

115 

6,799 

4,485 

199 

940 

84 



1,469 

1,061 
1,433 

107 



270,101 

590 

607 

2,152 

388 

61,736 

1,414 

3,895 

301 

613 

22,978 

2,952 

5,077 

481 

19.868 

1,085 
609 
899 
514 

1,882 
342 

5,114 
5.923 
5,295 
2,126 

301 
1,267 

197 

376 
1,209 

300 

17,969 
820 

44,619 
1,362 
132 
3,037 
1,167 
1,736 
4,218 
1,970 

761 

87 

1,002 

24,529 

866 

175 

5,606 

3,519 

176 

477 

72 



1,146 

1,054 
180 

2,930 



308,058 

798 

463 

2.090 

413 

125.661 

2.004 

4,221 

310 

569 

23,281 

3,414 

3,955 

247 

11,637 

1.014 
489 
681 
338 

1,145 
280 

3.663 
4.810 
4.282 
1.862 

300 

890 
87 

339 
1.026 

303 

15.052 

386 

44.808 

1.856 

163 

3,184 

1,458 

1,867 

4,323 

927 

713 
117 

1.043 

16,266 

585 

200 

5.353 

3.289 
261 

1.499 
57 



1,318 

17 

853 

1,449 

442 



240,252 

598 

793 

3,037 

380 

52.41 1 

1.402 

5.070 

289 

786 

21,129 

2,299 

4,475 

208 

10.891 

1.323 
374 
911 
567 

1,709 
400 

4,620 
7.381 
2.616 
1.850 

315 
1.453 

127 

432 
1.533 

357 

16,598 

495 

43,447 

2.172 

119 

2.669 

876 

1.994 

3.839 

1,043 

670 

62 

979 

17,631 

649 

219 

4,662 

4,307 

137 

681 

50 



987 

24 

1,947 

538 

3,721 



314,681 

719 

530 

2,548 

405 

68,100 

2,732 

6,125 

423 

773 

26,628 

4,185 
4,960 

255 

17,394 

1,395 

578 
1,085 

534 
2.016 

584 

9.864 
6.574 
6.091 
1.921 

426 
1,379 

165 
4,411 
1,518 

387 

18,495 
665 

55,519 
2,397 
159 
3,382 
1,092 
2,146 
7,236 
1,720 

675 

85 

1,039 

26,403 

950 

221 

7,141 

5,741 

205 

6 

43 



1,131 

32 

1,852 

752 

889 



- Represents zero. 

NOTE: See Naturalizations section of text for an explanation of the large number of naturalizations with unreported information for 1 990-92. 



143 



TABLE 51. PERSONS NATURALIZED BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF FORMER ALLEGIANCE 

AND STATE OF RESIDENCE 
FISCAL YEAR 1994 





All 




China. 
















State of residence 


countries 


Canada 


Mainland 


Colombia 


Cuba 


Republic 


Guyana 


Haiti 


India 


Iran 


ToUl 


407,398 


8,782 


20,828 


12,067 


15,896 


11,399 


6,066 


7,982 


20,454 


8,746 


Alabama 


955 


28 


35 


10 


5 


8 


3 


2 


137 


56 


Alaska 


649 


18 


9 


5 


2 


10 


- 


2 


7 


5 


Arizona 


3,983 


188 


113 


41 


14 


6 


4 


2 


144 


85 


Arkansas 


754 


21 


19 


7 


2 




2 


1 


39 


10 


California 


90,279 


1,181 


7,771 


700 


814 


65 


81 


31 


3,179 


3,110 


Colorado 


3,185 


153 


100 


36 


5 


8 


7 


4 


92 


115 


Connecticut 


5,461 


268 


95 


231 


34 


70 


76 


213 


357 


71 


Delaware 


688 


28 


36 


2 


8 


5 


13 


10 


96 


18 


District of Columbia 


1,305 


11 


74 


27 


5 


40 


48 


25 


26 


30 


Florida 


35,389 


777 


375 


3.098 


11.479 


959 


333 


2.026 


582 


280 


Georgia 


5,419 


159 


142 


171 


72 


33 


66 


31 


515 


172 


Hawaii 


4,659 


54 


366 


5 


- 


5 


2 




16 


11 




304 


18 


22 


2 


1 




- 


- 


12 


5 


Illinois 


17,363 


195 


729 


340 


139 


44 


16 


75 


1,799 


189 


Indiana 


1,607 


67 


55 


15 


7 


5 


- 


2 


176 


51 


Iowa 


838 


51 


18 


6 


3 


1 


2 




49 


19 


Kansas 


1,063 


31 


19 


13 


10 


2 




- 


87 


38 


Kentucky 


777 


31 


18 


10 


2 


6 


5 


3 


84 


47 


Louisiana 


1,660 


19 


38 


49 


61 


2 


9 


4 


99 


28 


Maine 


473 


220 


19 


3 


- 


2 


- 


1 


1 


8 


Maryland 


9.571 


129 


388 


205 


43 


79 


264 


123 


884 


457 


Massachusetts 


14,589 


535 


1,100 


228 


58 


576 


67 


732 


663 


214 


Michigan 


7,730 


598 


179 


31 


60 


14 


24 


11 


665 


82 




2,985 
382 


156 
19 


77 
12 


23 
3 


7 


7 


67 
2 


6 
1 


111 
54 


75 


Mississippi 


9 


Missouri 


1,236 


50 


53 


14 


5 


1 


2 


5 


121 


38 


Montana 


81 


10 


7 


2 


- 


- 




- 


- 


1 


Nebraska 


4,146 


12 


14 


2 


2 


3 


1 


- 


24 


10 


Nevada 


1,935 


63 


60 


34 


70 


3 


2 


1 


59 


33 


New Hampshire 


920 


260 


31 


13 


4 


24 


5 


8 


47 


18 




24,618 


234 


527 


1,726 


1.299 


1.189 


572 


871 


2,639 


170 


New Mexico 


693 


21 


9 


3 


3 


2 


2 


1 


31 


24 




67,457 

2,092 

138 

4,536 


703 

114 

13 

175 


5.027 

58 

1 

193 


3,269 

45 

3 

46 


735 
13 

7 


6,646 

17 

1 

18 


4.092 
7 

44 


3,485 
9 
1 
9 


2,513 

233 

7 

501 


638 




53 


North Dakota 


6 


Ohio 


85 


Oklahoma 


1,287 


51 


16 


19 


5 


2 


4 


1 


78 


68 


Oregon 


2,480 


150 


186 


16 


15 


1 




1 


74 


85 




9,671 


273 


407 


187 


37 


82 


57 


102 


1,025 


144 


Rhode Island 


2.303 
1,392 


42 
57 


68 
113 


167 
41 


8 
8 


183 
10 


1 
6 


28 
4 


45 
143 


13 


South Carolina 


32 


South Dakota 


151 

1.573 


5 
78 


4 
38 


1 
12 


3 


1 
6 


8 


1 
2 


3 
192 


5 


Tennessee 


98 


Texas 


25.146 


317 


529 


515 


194 


80 


59 


20 


1,352 


619 


Utah 


1,157 


61 


42 


18 


4 


6 


- 


2 


24 


61 


Vermont 


370 


177 


8 


4 


1 




- 


- 


10 


4 


Virginia 


8,043 


125 


239 


137 


26 


38 


26 


21 


477 


407 


Washington 


6,868 


405 


459 


37 


14 


3 


6 


4 


171 


146 


West Virginia 


229 


12 


7 


5 


. 


_ 


3 


2 


44 


16 


Wisconsin 


11 








- 


- 


- 


- 


1 


- 


Wyoming 


120 


13 


7 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


11 


1 


U.S. territories and 






















possessions 






















Guam 


1,445 


4 


15 


3 


2 


1 


- 


1 


4 


3 


Northern Mariana Is 


37 




2 


- 




- 






1 


1 


Puerto Rico 


1.486 
1,116 


8 
1 


49 


96 


172 
3 


829 
40 


4 
4 


7 
5 


5 
10 


- 


Virgin Islands 


. 


Other or unknown 


22,593 


393 


850 


391 


435 


266 


70 


86 


735 


782 



See footnotes at end of table. 

144 



TABLE 51. PERSONS NATURALIZED BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF FORMER ALLEGIANCE 

AND STATE OF RESIDENCE 
FISCAL YEAR 1994— Continued 



















United 






State of residence 


Jamaica 


Korea 


Mexico 


Philippines 


Poland 


Portugal 


Taiwan 


Kingdom 


Vietnam 


Other 


Total 


12,173 


11,389 


39,310 


37,304 


6,857 


5,997 


9,450 


15,003 


26,833 


130,862 


Alabama 


20 


58 


18 


63 


6 


3 


46 


55 


63 


339 


Alaska 


6 


67 


26 


283 


8 


1 


7 


12 


8 


173 


Arizona 


4 


89 


1,816 


192 


36 


5 


73 


150 


155 


866 


Arkansas 


4 


22 


27 


61 


12 


1 


14 


52 


143 


317 


California 


185 


2,621 


14,824 


13,573 


352 


1,224 


3,778 


3,864 


11,209 


21.717 


Colorado 


18 


176 


505 


179 


75 


3 


74 


153 


305 


1,177 


Connecticut 


656 


47 


23 


150 


449 


222 


57 


288 


156 


1,998 


Delaware 


29 


26 


8 


65 


13 


1 


34 


49 


20 


227 


District of Columbia 


78 


16 


12 


65 


5 


2 


7 


42 


21 


771 


Florida 


3,162 


148 


285 


911 


215 


65 


110 


821 


602 


9,161 


Georgia 


201 


387 


139 


199 


36 


7 


153 


262 


408 


2,266 




5 


403 


28 


2,571 


7 


3 


68 


182 


245 


688 


Idaho 


. 


12 


69 


28 


3 


7 


3 


16 


23 


83 


Illinois 


126 


603 


3,625 


1,574 


1,814 


9 


211 


333 


302 


5,240 


Indiana 


11 


39 


301 


91 


39 


4 


44 


56 


56 


588 




4 


38 


55 


42 


8 


- 


21 


27 


159 


335 


Kansas 


8 


37 


145 


53 


7 


- 


26 


40 


169 


378 


Kentucky 


12 


48 


27 


65 


7 




22 


43 


59 


288 


Louisiana 


9 


21 


31 


78 


4 


1 


14 


47 


391 


755 


Maine 


2 


8 


5 


28 


23 


1 


6 


34 


15 


97 


Maryland 


444 


648 


53 


567 


84 


26 


304 


336 


356 


4,181 


Massachusetts 


264 


138 


32 


195 


344 


2,137 


181 


704 


1,259 


5,162 


Michigan 


65 


170 


207 


322 


320 


7 


118 


316 


281 


4,260 


Minnesota 


8 


70 


86 


122 


35 


3 


32 


104 


446 


1,550 


Mississippi 


9 


7 


11 


35 


- 


1 


3 


30 


61 


125 


Missouri 


11 


50 


62 


121 


24 


1 


51 


57 


130 


440 


Montana 


- 


4 


4 


10 


3 




1 


8 


1 


30 


Nebraska 


2 


22 


85 


3,697 


10 


- 


12 


19 


51 


180 


Nevada 


4 


64 


341 


436 


13 


2 


36 


61 


89 


564 


New Hampshire 


8 


23 


3 


28 


19 


26 


14 


60 


46 


283 




841 


563 


86 


1,754 


772 


971 


571 


679 


309 


8,845 




1 
5,140 


17 
1,179 


218 

253 


47 
1,863 


15 
1,073 


242 


25 
1,065 


46 
2,411 


45 
734 


183 


New York 


26,389 


North Carolina 


33 

4 

66 


78 

6 

150 


36 
10 

78 


115 

20 
219 


22 

3 

121 


4 
1 
5 


51 

2 
51 


109 

7 
254 


141 

9 

155 


954 


North Dakota 


44 


Ohio 


2,359 


Oklahoma 


9 


38 


189 


76 


5 


2 


30 


65 


225 


404 


Oregon 


1 


157 


122 


202 


20 


4 


50 


157 


369 


870 


Pennsylvania 


272 


502 


64 


439 


310 


62 


210 


471 


1,052 


3,975 


Rhode Island 


11 

12 

1 
10 


4 

53 

4 

58 


4 

21 
6 

45 


45 

154 
20 

77 


32 

10 

4 
14 


693 

1 

4 


3 
27 

46 


69 

113 

5 
110 


31 

88 

7 
85 


856 


South Carolina . . 


499 


South Dakota 


84 


Tennessee 


687 


Texas 


145 


474 


8,536 


1,057 


116 


17 


689 


698 


2,830 


6,899 


Utah 


2 


35 


122 


65 


17 


3 


22 


37 


133 


503 


Vermont 


I 


3 


4 


6 


4 


4 


3 


31 


4 


106 


Virginia 


73 


605 


57 


786 


50 


28 


170 


335 


830 


3,613 


Washington 


26 


476 


291 


1,274 


121 


14 


199 


384 


889 


1,949 


West Virginia 


4 


4 


3 


17 


2 




8 


15 


4 


83 


Wisconsin 




- 


1 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1 


1 


7 


Wyoming 


- 


5 


19 


13 


- 


- 


2 


9 


- 


40 


U.S. territories and 






















possessions 






















Guam 


4 


96 


8 


1,223 


- 


1 


13 


6 


12 


49 


Northern Mariana Is 


- 


2 




25 


- 


- 


- 


1 


- 


5 


Puerto Rico 


3 


1 


19 


9 


3 


- 


- 


15 


3 


263 


Virgin Islands 


10 


1 


- 


3 


2 






178 


- 


859 


Other or unknown 


149 


816 


6,265 


1,991 


170 


179 


693 


576 


1,648 


6,098 



■ Represents zero. 



145 



TABLE 52. PERSONS NATURALIZED BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF FORMER ALLEGIANCE 
AND SELECTED METROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREA OF RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1994 



Metropolitan statistical area ' 



All 
countries 



Canada 



China, 
Mainland 



Colom- 
bia 



Cuba 



Domi- 
nican 
Rep. 



Guyana 



Haiti 



India 



Total 

New York, NY 

Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA 

Miami, FL 

Chicago, IL 

Washington, DC-MD-VA 

San Francisco, CA 

San Jose, CA 

Houston, TX 

Boston-Lawrence-Lowell-Brockton, MA 

Oakland, CA 

Newark, NJ 

Philadelphia, PA-NJ 

Bergen-Passaic, NJ 

Nassau-Suffolk, NY 

Detroit, Ml 

Orange County, CA 

Fort Lauderdale, FL 

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA 

Jersey City, NJ 

San Diego, CA 

Dallas, TX 

Atlanta, GA 

Sacramento, CA 

Honolulu, HI 

Lincoln, NE 

Middlesex-Somerset-Hunterdon, NJ 

Riverside-San Bernardino, CA 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI 

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton, FL 

Baltimore, MD 

Orlando, FL 

Providence- Warwick-Pawtucket, RI 

Hartford, CT 

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk-Danbury, CT 

Fresno, CA 

Denver, CO 

Portland- Vancouver, OR-WA 

Phoenix-Mesa, AZ 

New Bedford-Fall River-Attleboro, MA 

Cleveland-Lorain-Elyria, OH 

Fort Worth-Arlington, TX 

Stockton-Lodi, CA 

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL 

San Antonio, TX 

Vallejo-Fairfield-Napa, CA 

Las Vegas, NV 

Modesto, CA 

New Orleans, LA 

Worcester-Fitchburg-Leominster, MA 

Monmouth-Ocean, NJ 

Other MSA 

Non-MSA 

Unknown 



407398 

56,971 
24,221 
20,540 
16,430 
14,368 
12,809 
11,460 
10,865 
10,822 
9,945 

7,275 
7,268 
5,994 
5,989 
5,866 
5,782 
5,101 
5,028 
4,603 
4,443 

4,423 
4,286 
4,106 
3,991 
3,762 
3,703 
3,095 
2,576 
2,499 
2,400 

2,355 
2,217 
2,146 
2,100 
2,062 
1,965 
1,948 
1,900 
1,810 
1,790 

1,738 
1,659 
1,539 
1,477 
1,422 
1,164 
1,160 
1,108 
1,091 
1,027 

53,181 

17,722 

22,196 



8,782 

279 

220 

76 

175 

134 

198 

74 

92 

321 

163 

56 

131 

61 

88 

448 
114 
234 
227 
8 
82 

94 

132 

38 

41 

2 

50 

73 

128 

113 

57 

69 

36 

123 

96 

6 

101 

105 

127 

36 

66 

40 

4 

71 

12 

25 

38 

7 

6 

78 

29 

2,412 

1,011 

375 



20,828 

4,689 

1,386 

98 

695 

508 

3,409 

776 

346 

1,037 

1,223 

134 
356 

79 
155 
126 
152 

70 
423 

57 

87 

76 

114 

315 

350 

3 

114 

51 

67 

37 

107 

49 
66 
26 
28 
56 
62 
141 
90 
8 
71 

22 
57 
47 
19 
29 
40 
25 
30 
31 
54 

1,593 

398 

846 



12,067 

2,791 

306 

1,949 

318 

298 

62 

32 

361 

188 

52 

569 
127 
592 
370 

17 

74 
515 

22 
346 

24 

51 

144 

12 

5 

1 

127 

43 

21 

218 

36 

198 

167 

63 

129 

7 

21 

16 

29 

9 

24 

26 
5 
103 
27 
10 
22 
II 
35 
20 
28 

830 

243 

373 



15,896 

656 

564 
10,131 

137 
67 
37 
31 

109 
45 
36 

376 
32 

138 
51 
15 
63 

330 
12 

713 
4 

33 

62 

5 



51 
53 

6 
357 

3 

147 

8 

7 

24 

2 

2 

12 

10 



13 
2 

325 
3 
3 

60 
1 

48 
9 

10 

466 
193 
432 



11399 

6,388 

22 

643 

41 

130 

6 

3 

39 

530 

6 

206 

50 

389 

197 

5 

7 
110 

1 
433 

7 

13 

28 



109 

6 

6 

59 

13 

86 

183 

10 

47 

3 
1 
4 
8 
12 

5 

2 

25 

6 



1 

28 
12 

842 

404 

268 



6,066 

3,892 

21 

84 

16 

311 

9 

2 

32 

46 

20 

315 

48 

31 

138 

17 

3 

89 

3 

146 

6 

10 
58 



55 
4 
65 
14 
19 

98 
1 

54 
8 
1 
5 



23 
6 

13 
1 

7 



18 
11 

237 

52 

69 



7,982 

3,119 

12 

1,199 

76 

152 

4 

7 

715 

6 

668 
101 

24 

319 

9 

3 

403 

2 

44 



4 

25 

I 



25 

3 

5 

204 

10 

104 
27 
16 

184 
1 
3 
1 
I 

4 
2 

1 

14 
I 



3 
10 

54 

263 
68 
84 



20,454 

1,672 

469 

93 

1,699 

1,021 

168 

643 

660 

540 

586 

494 
798 
499 
433 
502 
196 

89 
146 
375 

39 

351 
376 
194 

15 

5 

900 

92 
104 

74 
242 

92 

45 

125 

158 

155 

63 

38 

87 

18 

160 

79 
97 
56 
41 
48 
21 
84 
46 
66 
101 

3,892 

816 

691 



See footnotes at end of table. 



146 



TABLE 52. PERSONS NATURALIZED BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF FORMER ALLEGLVNCE 

AND SELECTED METROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREA OF RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1994— Continued 



Metropolitan statistical area ' 



Jamaica 



Korea 



Mexico 



Philip- 
pines 



Poland 



Portugal 



Taiwan 



United 
Kingdom 



Vietnam 



Total 

New York, NY 

Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA 

Miami, FL 

Chicago, IL 

Washington, DC-MD-VA 

San Francisco, CA 

San Jose, CA 

Houston, TX 

Boston-Lawrence-Lowell-Brockton, MA 

Oakland, CA 

Newark, NJ 

Philadelphia, PA-NJ 

Bergen-Passaic, NJ 

Nassau-Suffolk, NY 

Detroit, Ml 

Orange County, CA 

Fort Lauderdale, FL 

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA 

Jersey City, NJ 

San Diego, CA 

Dallas, TX 

Atlanta, GA 

Sacramento, CA 

Honolulu, HI 

Lincoln, NE 

Middlesex-Somerset-Hunterdon, NJ 

Riverside-San Bernardino, CA 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI 

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton, FL 

Baltimore, MD 

Orlando, FL 

Providence-Warwick-Pawtucket, RI 

Hartford, CT 

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk-Danbury, CT 

Fresno, CA 

Denver, CO 

Portland-Vancouver, OR-WA 

Phoenix-Mesa, AZ 

New Bedford-Fall River-Attleboro, MA 

Cleveland-Lorain-Elyria, OH 

Fort Worth-Arlington, TX 

Stockton-Lodi, CA 

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL 

San Antonio, TX 

Vallejo-Fairfield-Napa, CA 

Las Vegas, NV 

Modesto, CA 

New Orleans, LA 

Worcester-Fitchburg-Leominster, MA 

Monmouth-Ocean, NJ 

Other MSA 

Non-MSA 

Unknown 



12,173 

4,568 

77 

1,226 

121 

443 

12 

7 

85 

212 

19 

381 

279 

244 

396 

51 

6 

1,256 

12 

21 

10 

25 

177 

14 

5 

1 

96 

19 

8 

256 

106 

196 

10 

416 

178 

4 

3 

1 

3 

32 

6 
1 

46 

10 

5 

4 

3 
11 

25 

766 
183 
137 



11,389 

948 
1,162 
11 
544 
906 
152 
405 
142 
101 
189 

84 
405 
269 
129 

96 
277 

14 
274 

38 

32 

141 

259 

103 

390 

6 

73 

72 

63 

7 

257 

39 

4 

11 

13 

26 

105 

127 

54 

5 

53 

29 
9 

18 
43 
22 
40 
4 
9 
17 
29 

1,842 

547 

794 



39310 

182 

5,613 

90 

3,498 

91 

366 

567 

2,614 

22 

595 

15 

31 

27 

20 

106 

732 

25 

75 

12 

988 

887 
79 

321 
26 
11 
15 
1,066 
55 
35 



35 

3 

11 

7 

638 

309 

47 

420 

14 

302 
326 

19 
807 
123 
205 
305 

17 
4 
6 

7,649 

3,627 

6,264 



37,304 

1,466 
2,771 

164 
1,482 

800 
2,353 
1,785 

448 

152 
1,950 

400 
416 
377 
227 
238 
437 
106 
941 
472 
1,349 

172 

103 

438 

2,036 

3,656 

235 

349 

88 

71 

171 

97 

37 

45 

35 

104 

89 

169 

119 

9 

77 

53 

311 

66 

114 

738 

227 

35 

52 

15 

98 

4,150 

3,054 

1,957 



6,857 

786 
80 
32 
1,806 
78 
56 
50 
52 

170 
43 

199 

227 

242 

103 

261 

25 

41 

95 

78 

44 

26 

31 

12 

6 

3 

143 

9 

31 

33 

43 

15 
31 
314 
62 
2 
55 
19 
26 
12 
81 



42 

16 

3 

9 

1 

2 

45 

32 

973 

158 

147 



5,997 

167 
59 
18 
8 
45 
78 

136 
7 

572 

174 

628 

44 

53 

56 

3 

5 

7 

12 

155 

12 

5 

6 

32 

3 

85 
35 

3 
14 

3 

12 

672 

64 

93 

34 

1 

4 

5 

1,441 

3 



52 
4 

12 

2 

221 

1 

43 

38 

557 

133 

180 



9,450 

844 
1,299 
18 
188 
370 
407 
907 
273 
154 
531 

122 
136 
106 
127 

74 
338 

15 
176 

19 

56 

200 

125 

53 

67 

214 
89 
28 
13 
71 

31 
2 
22 
18 
18 
38 
43 
55 
2 
12 

59 

10 

5 

18 

14 

25 

1 

8 

14 
52 

1,065 

230 



15,003 

1,905 
667 
150 
291 

415 
1,180 
408 
373 
575 
733 

185 
316 
140 
221 
214 
131 
140 
303 
49 
128 

119 

194 

146 

176 

6 

149 

96 

80 

115 

107 

113 
61 
78 

123 
47 
72 

112 
96 
18 
87 

53 
29 
69 
33 
32 
42 
19 
24 
45 
65 

2,589 

932 

552 



26,833 

508 

1,739 

24 

253 

940 

914 

3,457 

1,586 

948 

902 

55 

842 

10 

55 

65 

1,718 

45 

701 

57 

522 

423 

328 

1,014 

239 

19 

47 

216 

375 

58 

55 

177 

29 

73 

45 

82 

250 

337 

106 

13 

43 

337 

241 

154 

42 

34 

36 

45 

279 

255 

2 

3,902 

616 

1,620 



Ranked by number of persons naturalized. See Glossary for definition of metropolitan statistical area. 
- Represents zero. 



147 



TABLE 53. PERSONS NATURALIZED BY MAJOR OCCUPATION GROUP 
AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF FORMER ALLEGIANCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1994 





Total 


Occupation 




Region and country of 
former allegiance 


Total 


Profes- 
sional 


Execu- 
tive 
admini- 


Sales 


Admini- 
strative 


Precision 
produc- 
tion. 


Opera- 
tors, 
fabri- 


Farming, 
forestry. 


Service 


No occu- 
pation 
or not 










stration 






craft. 


cators, 


and 












specialty 


and man- 
agerial 




support 


and 
repair 


and 
laborers 


fishing 




reported ' 


All countries 


407,398 


216,041 


35,718 


25,383 


16,575 


38,887 


17,663 


46,246 


2,134 


33,435 


191357 


Europe 


61,476 


35,249 


6,381 


4,823 


2304 


5,523 


2,851 


8,843 


240 


4,284 


26^27 


Austria 


277 


156 


31 


37 


9 


18 


17 


24 


- 


20 


121 


Belgium 


252 


138 


36 


23 


12 


23 


10 


21 




13 


114 


Bulgaria 


228 


98 


25 


12 


7 


14 


6 


26 




8 


130 


Czechoslovakia 


670 


413 


87 


36 


22 


48 


49 


113 


3 


55 


257 


Denmark 


248 


130 


22 


33 


15 


20 


10 


17 


1 


12 


118 


Finland 


132 


66 


9 


18 


4 


13 


6 


7 


- 


9 


66 


France 


1,698 


938 


208 


190 


92 


153 


46 


103 


10 


136 


760 


Germany 


3,590 


1,823 


315 


333 


166 


347 


151 


240 


16 


255 


1,767 


Greece 


2,538 


1,403 


194 


228 


66 


157 


126 


338 


12 


282 


1,135 


Hungary 


777 


426 


88 


46 


19 


47 


61 


73 


1 


91 


351 


Ireland 


1,615 


965 


226 


126 


64 


164 


78 


191 


6 


110 


650 


Italy 


5,622 


2,925 


327 


378 


230 


539 


348 


670 


18 


415 


2,697 


Netheriands 


687 


370 


89 


79 


32 


71 


30 


30 


4 


35 


317 


Norway 


174 


88 


23 


21 


5 


11 


7 


9 


1 


11 


86 


Poland 


6,857 


4,284 


589 


563 


175 


425 


388 


1,632 


15 


497 


2,573 


Portugal 


5,997 


4,517 


391 


201 


157 


458 


352 


2,518 


90 


350 


1,480 


Romania 


3,250 


1,711 


306 


178 


87 


220 


203 


393 


7 


317 


1,539 


Soviet Union 


6,708 
794 


3,525 
352 


1,044 
67 


358 
51 


189 

25 


597 
59 


198 

38 


798 
60 


15 

2 


326 
50 


3,183 


Spain 


442 


Sweden 


293 


156 


46 


37 


18 


18 


U 


17 


1 


8 


137 


Switzerland 


560 


322 


73 


83 


31 


55 


11 


29 


2 


38 


238 


United Kingdom 


15,003 


8,674 


1,988 


1,582 


772 


1,852 


496 


1,038 


3I 


915 


6,329 


Yugoslavia 


2,917 


1,489 


151 


181 


81 


163 


181 


438 


4 


290 


1,428 


Other Europe 


589 


280 


46 


29 


26 


51 


28 


58 


1 


41 


309 


Asia 


173,550 


93,840 


17,398 


11,993 


8,139 


16,458 


7,235 


17,142 


913 


14,562 


79,710 


Afghanistan 


1,884 


1,027 


112 


136 


157 


185 


78 


157 


4 


198 


857 


Bangladesh 


1,151 


610 


130 


78 


61 


105 


21 


96 


3 


116 


541 




692 


434 


75 


36 


36 


101 


35 


99 


3 


49 


258 


Cambodia 


3,754 


2,074 


192 


120 


141 


269 


177 


810 


15 


350 


1,680 


China, Mainland 


20,828 


10,733 


1,400 


1,173 


836 


1,598 


1,191 


1,875 


30 


2,630 


10,095 


Cyprus 


191 


102 


25 


18 


5 


24 


7 


9 


- 


14 


89 


India 


20,454 


12,472 


3,887 


2,120 


1,043 


2,227 


362 


1,984 


62 


787 


7,982 


Indonesia 


451 


245 


62 


35 


20 


45 


12 


33 


- 


38 


206 


Iran 


8,746 


5,045 


1,499 


1,101 


550 


679 


202 


484 


13 


517 


3,701 


Iraq 


1,635 


760 


120 


142 


159 


90 


29 


135 


2 


83 


875 


Israel 


3,041 


1,490 


355 


344 


172 


241 


89 


155 


5 


129 


1,551 


Japan 


1,292 


639 


104 


100 


81 


139 


39 


67 


7 


102 


653 


Jordan 


2,836 


1,464 


159 


352 


220 


171 


65 


297 


4 


196 


1,372 


Korea 


11,389 


5,311 


566 


1,283 


619 


874 


334 


795 


37 


803 


6,078 


Kuwait 


409 


210 


42 


35 


31 


27 


17 


37 


1 


20 


199 


Laos 


5,643 


3,308 


226 


128 


168 


408 


503 


1,324 


43 


508 


2,335 




4,255 


2,319 


442 


425 


310 


262 


148 


446 


9 


277 


1,936 


Malaysia 


484 


293 


91 


47 


24 


44 


12 


25 


2 


48 • 


191 


Pakistan 


4,455 


2,384 


447 


483 


304 


421 


93 


388 


13 


235 


2,071 


Philippines 


37,304 


20,764 


3,759 


1,533 


1,481 


5.063 


1,885 


2,683 


454 


3,906 


16,540 




129 
196 


53 
117 


13 
26 


10 
21 


9 
13 


3 
29 


3 
8 


6 
10 


1 


8 
10 


76 


Singapore 


79 


Sri Lanka 


489 
1,631 


313 
828 


112 

156 


47 
167 


29 
93 


52 
81 


13 
60 


35 
175 


3 


25 
93 


176 


Syria 


803 




9,450 


5.001 


1,524 


1,060 


383 


919 


135 


418 


13 


549 


4,449 


Thailand 


1,467 


823 


130 


116 


60 


132 


70 


106 


9 


200 


644 




1,555 


855 


187 


140 


94 


113 


69 


150 


1 


101 


700 


Vietnam 


26,833 


13,914 


1,526 


697 


1,001 


2,122 


• 1,567 


4,311 


167 


2,523 


12,919 




768 


165 


5 


29 


23 


28 


8 


27 


12 


33 


603 




138 
15,327 


87 
10378 


26 
2,499 


17 
1387 


16 
848 


6 
1,566 


3 
405 


5 
2,076 


34 


14 
1,563 


51 


Africa 


4,949 


Algeria 


167 


112 


35 


14 


9 


14 


5 


16 


1 


18 


55 


Cameroon 


172 


134 


45 


12 


6 


22 


6 


19 


1 


23 


38 


Cape Verde 


516 


423 


52 


8 


7 


28 


14 


280 


2 


32 


93 







See foomotes at end of table. 



148 



TABLE 53. PERSONS NATURALIZED BY MAJOR OCCUPATION GROUP 

AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF FORMER ALLEGIANCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1994— Continued 



Region and country of 
former allegiance 



Total 



Occupation 



Total 



Profes- 
sional 
specialty 



Execu- 
tive 
admini- 
stration 
and man- 
agerial 



Sales 



Admini- 
strative 
support 



Precision 
produc- 
tion, 
craft, 
and 
repair 



Opera- 
tors, 
fabri- 
cators, 

and 
laborers 



Farming, 
forestry, 

and 
fishing 



Service 



Egypt 

Ethiopia 

Ghana 

Kenya 

Liberia 

Libya 

Morocco 

Nigeria 

Sierra Leone 

Somalia 

South Africa 

Sudan 

Tanzania 

Uganda 

Other Africa 

Oceania 

Australia 

Fiji 

New Zealand 

Tonga 

Western Samoa 

Other Oceania 

North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Antigua-Barbuda 

Bahamas, The 

Barbados 

Cuba 

Dominica 

Dominican Republic 

Grenada 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

St. Kitts & Nevis 

St. Lucia 

St. Vincent & Grenadines 

Trinidad & Tobago 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Paraguay 

Peru 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Other South America 

Stateless 

Not reported 



2,430 

2,372 

1,112 

346 

620 

158 

681 

3,714 

399 

160 

1.091 

136 

236 

165 

852 

1,774 
313 
687 
256 
166 
171 
181 

120,734 

8,782 

39,310 

57,300 

613 

232 

1,423 

15,896 

382 

11,399 

815 

7,982 

12,173 

578 

378 

533 

4,896 

15,342 

560 

965 

4,998 

2,625 

2,123 

2,269 

1,802 

33,974 

2,245 
783 

1,298 

1,129 
12,067 

3,791 

6,066 
257 

4,520 
654 

1,075 
89 

216 

347 



1,319 

1,603 

799 

213 

455 

85 

417 

2,845 

313 

108 

639 

80 

148 

104 

581 

1,111 

192 
432 
149 
120 
104 
114 

58,260 

5,091 

19,242 

25,964 

365 

108 

714 

4,858 
235 

5,228 
389 

4,151 

6,630 
363 
218 
239 

2,466 

7,963 
268 
463 

2,919 

1,331 
975 

1,130 
877 

16,954 

1,121 

471 

694 

579 

5,591 

1,915 

2,936 

94 

2,577 

383 

551 

42 

154 

95 



301 

254 

174 

67 

93 

25 

73 

848 

83 

19 

219 

24 

32 

29 

126 

207 
69 

57 

43 

8 

10 
20 

6,839 

1,376 

1,066 

3,526 

54 

25 

112 

405 

28 

484 

75 

603 

1,177 

41 

20 

38 

464 

871 

33 

60 

280 

133 

77 

156 

132 

2,319 

220 

68 

142 

116 

671 

165 

417 

21 

311 

40 

139 

9 

54 

21 



213 

180 
80 
34 
41 
17 
67 

371 
34 
16 

139 
16 
26 
21 
98 

129 

28 
39 
35 
4 
4 
19 

5,270 

857 

1,636 

2,045 

19 

10 

46 

633 

15 

359 

27 

176 

487 

19 

14 

15 

225 

732 

41 

38 

246 

128 

77 

126 

76 

1,753 
197 

51 
101 

83 
506 
177 
256 

II 
250 

39 

76 
6 

24 



126 

190 

48 

16 

17 

11 

31 

208 

19 

14 

56 

3 

23 

7 

57 

92 

14 
36 
17 
8 
5 
12 

3,939 

427 
1,102 
1,861 

34 
14 
36 

422 
22 

511 
13 

204 

380 
51 
22 
17 

135 

549 
17 
22 

194 
68 
61 

118 
69 

1,239 

87 

53 

58 

42 

368 

131 

184 

6 

192 

32 

81 

5 



164 

245 

126 

29 

95 

7 

47 

432 

71 

21 

101 

11 

39 

24 

90 

236 

32 
92 
25 
39 
33 
15 

11,099 

865 

2,813 

5,697 

75 

21 

207 

981 

45 

1,050 

108 

715 

1,627 

79 

51 

68 

670 

1,724 

80 

123 

566 

248 

189 

264 

254 

3,974 

205 

95 

124 

118 

1.211 

505 

952 

11 

573 

74 

95 

11 

14 

17 



54 
69 
45 

7 
30 

7 
19 



15 

2 

5 

4 

27 

95 

8 

48 

6 

7 

11 

15 

5,700 

269 
2,436 
2,211 

50 

10 

47 

450 

47 

406 

42 

225 

587 

63 

37 

22 

225 

784 

19 

41 

340 

HI 

94 

84 

95 

1,354 

85 

35 

37 

43 

472 

174 

243 

6 

180 

44 

33 

2 

15 



245 

363 

165 

40 

66 

10 

78 

518 

40 

17 

71 

17 

15 

12 

104 

176 

32 
66 
17 
29 
19 
13 

14,518 

902 
6.835 
5,190 

36 

9 

143 

1,190 

31 

1,269 

39 

1,187 

837 

23 

35 

31 

360 

1,591 

38 

103 

549 

380 

239 

179 

103 

3,454 

165 
53 

123 

88 

1,442 

464 

366 
15 

567 

97 

68 

6 

18 

19 



892 

31 

744 

85 

4 
2 

19 
1 
9 
1 

22 

11 
7 
3 
1 
5 

32 

2 
7 
9 
4 



50 

4 
4 
4 
3 
16 
5 
4 
1 
6 
3 



212 

295 

160 

19 

113 

8 

101 

375 

58 

21 

33 

7 

7 

7 

74 

172 

9 

92 

6 

24 
21 
20 

10,003 

364 
2,610 
5,349 

93 

17 

123 

758 

46 

1,140 

84 

1,019 

1,524 

80 

36 

47 

382 

1,680 

40 

74 

737 

254 

234 

195 

146 

2,811 

158 
112 
105 

86 
905 
294 
514 

23 
498 

54 

59 
3 

22 



Includes homemakers, students, unemployed or retired persons, and others not reporting or with an unknown occupation. 
■ Represents zero. 



149 



TABLE 54. PERSONS NATURALIZED IN FISCAL YEAR 1994 BY CALENDAR YEAR OF ENTRY 
AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 

































Un- 


Region and country 
of birth 


Total 


1994 
and 
1993 


1992 


1991 


1990 


1989 


1988 


1987 


1986 


1985 


1984 


1983 


1982 


Before 
1982 


known 
or not 

re- 
ported 


All countries 


407398 


4,146 


1,409 


3347 


13,881 


24,613 


54386 


42,308 


25,681 


20,585 


17,103 


14325 


13,890 


166,670 


5,054 


Europe 


54,435 


258 


131 


343 


1,228 


3,001 


7,104 


4323 


2,262 


1,655 


1,447 


1319 


1,095 


29,750 


519 


Austria 


277 


1 


- 


1 


4 


9 


15 


9 


8 


6 


2 


7 


5 


200 


10 


Belgium 


243 


1 


3 


3 


8 


8 


14 


14 


13 


8 


12 


15 


6 


136 


2 


Bulgaria 


225 


15 


7 


3 


15 


14 


77 


26 


13 


9 


3 


5 


2 


35 


1 


Czechoslovakia 


693 


2 


- 


3 


12 


33 


141 


133 


76 


47 


32 


33 


14 


158 


9 


Denmark 


236 


- 


- 


1 


3 


10 


11 


2 


5 


5 


1 


8 


3 


184 


3 


France 


1,566 


2 


- 


10 


45 


61 


143 


136 


78 


63 


39 


45 


29 


906 


9 


Germany 


3,644 


13 


5 


9 


52 


59 


112 


93 


94 


75 


69 


56 


61 


2,880 


66 


Greece 


2,522 


3 


3 


18 


69 


81 


186 


144 


93 


70 


65 


57 


48 


1,645 


40 


Hungary 


809 


U 


3 


8 


27 


75 


199 


89 


67 


27 


24 


16 


7 


241 


15 


Ireland 


1.636 


1 


1 


1 


53 


61 


185 


226 


52 


45 


36 


26 


20 


915 


14 


Italy 


5,619 


7 


3 


10 


60 


62 


114 


130 


96 


92 


90 


66 


59 


4,733 


97 


Netherlands 


581 


1 


1 


2 


16 


9 


29 


11 


16 


7 


11 


18 


16 


437 


7 


Norway 


170 




1 


- 


7 


- 


8 


- 


3 


5 


1 


2 


2 


138 


3 


Poland 


6,880 


11 


13 


56 


225 


611 


1,183 


930 


604 


364 


320 


263 


294 


1,956 


50 


Portugal 


5,784 


1 


3 


3 


28 


49 


101 


127 


103 


85 


91 


82 


51 


5,049 


II 


Romania 


3,299 


31 


5 


96 


131 


281 


899 


607 


305 


234 


184 


158 


62 


278 


28 


Soviet Union 


6,896 
795 


124 
4 


57 
5 


45 
2 


143 
16 


1,065 
21 


2,725 
40 


940 
26 


129 
21 


78 

25 


49 

14 


74 
20 


89 
18 


1,318 
576 


60 


Spain 


7 


Sweden 


291 


2 


- 


3 


5 


2 


14 


7 


9 


10 


7 


13 


2 


215 


2 


Switzerland 


542 


- 


2 


4 


16 


17 


40 


46 


22 


13 


16 


19 


15 


325 


7 


United Kingdom 


8,088 


6 


11 


34 


173 


270 


547 


418 


316 


257 


287 


260 


228 


5,245 


36 


Yugoslavia 


2,949 


11 


4 


24 


107 


175 


238 


168 


124 


107 


81 


63 


55 


1,767 


25 


Other Europe 


690 


11 


4 


7 


13 


28 


83 


41 


15 


23 


13 


13 


9 


413 


17 


Asia 


179,989 


3,387 


890 


2,164 


8,640 


12,981 


32304 


24,524 


13,704 


10,716 


8,516 


7,058 


6,672 


45,110 


3323 


Afghanistan 


1,884 


- 


- 


7 


22 


91 


290 


313 


247 


160 


147 


180 


192 


229 


6 


Bangladesh 


1,166 


6 


5 


18 


65 


139 


395 


231 


99 


54 


34 


13 


10 


90 


7 


Burma 


809 


- 


2 


4 


27 


62 


188 


199 


66 


46 


28 


23 


13 


147 


4 


Cambodia 


3,747 


- 


3 


5 


6 


62 


279 


134 


105 


243 


357 


360 


396 


1,784 


13 


China, Mainland 


21,134 


49 


42 


242 


1.204 


1,701 


4,995 


3,379 


1,644 


1,155 


818 


701 


574 


4,530 


100 


Cyprus 


192 


- 


2 


3 


12 


15 


31 


23 


13 


11 


6 


2 


4 


67 


3 


Hong Kong 


6,109 


9 


5 


49 


302 


616 


2,124 


864 


359 


280 


196 


186 


126 


956 


37 


India 


20,508 


26 


44 


195 


766 


1,594 


3,688 


2,555 


1,491 


1,209 


983 


944 


730 


6,200 


83 


Indonesia 


497 


2 


2 


2 


23 


30 


87 


74 


43 


24 


32 


17 


13 


143 


5 


Iran 


8,732 


7 


2 


46 


217 


512 


1,302 


1,604 


1,005 


865 


772 


584 


355 


1,434 


27 


Iraq 


1,670 


2 


- 


11 


89 


117 


187 


135 


89 


62 


66 


93 


100 


708 


11 


Israel 


2,838 


10 


18 


58 


260 


276 


596 


430 


229 


152 


106 


86 


51 


545 


21 


Japan 


1,306 


12 


5 


12 


20 


30 


47 


34 


25 


28 


33 


26 


36 


987 


11 


Jordan 


2,735 


17 


25 


87 


353 


294 


444 


319 


180 


124 


82 


66 


64 


661 


19 


Korea 


11,441 


100 


171 


141 


360 


544 


1,235 


1,321 


947 


912 


686 


671 


535 


3,701 


117 


Kuwait 


429 


2 


1 


23 


86 


50 


83 


62 


26 


20 


8 


13 


4 


45 


6 


Laos 


5,657 


2 


2 


4 


20 


55 


244 


390 


464 


128 


240 


179 


219 


3,693 


17 


Lebanon 


4,239 


10 


15 


124 


499 


501 


1,132 


644 


216 


149 


85 


69 


50 


718 


27 


Macau 


179 


1 


- 


1 


6 


12 


43 


36 


12 


17 


6 


4 


3 


37 


1 


Malaysia 


493 


1 


1 


11 


43 


48 


95 


76 


36 


20 


26 


22 


15 


94 


5 


Pakistan 


4,447 


10 


13 


71 


282 


532 


976 


684 


404 


314 


265 


147 


125 


608 


16 


Philippines 


37,361 


2,896 


306 


749 


2,999 


3,550 


7,449 


5,234 


2,627 


1,835 


1,197 


855 


746 


4,331 


2,587 


Singapore 


192 


6 


- 


2 


17 


19 


38 


23 


17 


13 


9 


7 


6 


34 


1 


Sri Lanka 


495 
1,640 


1 
1 


5 


2 
45 


29 

224 


41 
206 


111 

418 


77 
221 


39 
96 


29 

77 


25 
44 


17 
27 


11 

24 


111 

237 


2 


Syria 


15 


Taiwan 


9,091 


20 


7 


75 


322 


813 


2,688 


2,108 


795 


609 


416 


369 


278 


564 


27 


Thailand 


1,454 


4 


8 


20 


40 


98 


138 


142 


78 


71 


69 


61 


65 


651 


9 


Turkey 


1,560 


2 


6 


28 


131 


122 


210 


180 


92 


78 


52 


65 


48 


536 


10 


Vietnam 


26,907 


16 


28 


68 


141 


781 


2,656 


2,941 


2,213 


2,003 


1,714 


1,247 


1,860 


11,128 


111 


Yemen 


775 


167 


170 


49 


41 


29 


63 


56 


24 


15 


7 


11 


10 


110 


23 


Other Asia 


302 


8 


2 


12 


34 


41 


72 


35 


23 


13 


7 


13 


9 


31 


2 







See footnotes at end of table. 



150 



TABLE 54. PERSONS NATURALIZED IN FISCAL YEAR 1994 BY CALENDAR YEAR OF ENTRY 
AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH— Continued 

































Un- 


Region and country 
of birth 


Total 


1994 
and 
1993 


1992 


1991 


1990 


1989 


1988 


1987 


1986 


1985 


1984 


1983 


1982 


Before 
1982 


known 
or not 

re- 
ported 


Africa 


15,673 


38 


28 


239 


1,092 


1,656 


3,148 


2,275 


1,262 


1,040 


959 


621 


569 


2,658 


88 


Algeria 


177 


- 


- 


3 


20 


14 


29 


22 


8 


11 


14 


10 


8 


35 


3 


Burkina Faso 


291 

176 


1 


2 
3 


2 
6 


11 
18 


28 
16 


56 
31 


41 
28 


30 
13 


15 
15 


20 
13 


12 
9 


17 
7 


57 
14 


. 


Cameroon 


2 


Cape Verde 


497 


- 




2 


27 


22 


59 


45 


32 


26 


22 


14 


25 


220 


3 


Egypt 


2,431 


12 


11 


63 


258 


340 


631 


364 


162 


96 


76 


57 


36 


304 


21 


Ethiopia 


2,373 


2 


1 


7 


38 


186 


454 


430 


212 


203 


231 


147 


163 


291 


8 


Ghana 


1,146 


1 


. 


10 


48 


139 


203 


169 


102 


83 


60 


43 


43 


242 


3 


Kenya 


405 


1 


2 


2 


17 


30 


65 


61 


29 


37 


31 


21 


11 


98 


- 


Liberia 


617 


3 


- 


8 


37 


83 


102 


73 


52 


35 


48 


33 


27 


112 


4 


Libya 


171 


- 


- 


2 


9 


9 


55 


26 


13 


11 


14 


2 


3 


25 


2 


Morocco 


724 


3 


1 


44 


182 


92 


140 


66 


29 


35 


28 


12 


5 


80 


7 


Nigeria 


3,408 


5 


6 


44 


199 


403 


614 


456 


308 


287 


239 


161 


134 


541 


11 


Sierra Leone 


403 


- 


1 


5 


26 


40 


83 


56 


38 


29 


22 


23 


12 


66 


2 




1,131 
263 


3 


- 


9 

3 


78 
13 


86 

24 


282 
50 


195 
53 


112 
21 


62 
19 


44 
27 


26 

3 


32 
8 


197 
41 


5 


Tanzania 


1 


Uganda 


200 


1 


- 


2 


3 


14 


37 


30 


20 


8 


11 


10 


7 


55 


2 


Other Africa 


1,260 
1,708 


6 

7 


1 
3 


27 
22 


108 
73 


130 
87 


257 
188 


160 
183 


81 
108 


68 
97 


59 
70 


38 
58 


31 
62 


280 
708 


14 


Oceania 


42 


Australia 


278 


- 




3 


9 


8 


20 


9 


4 


6 


7 


3 


7 


198 


4 


Fiji 


694 


1 


- 


6 


24 


41 


107 


124 


69 


61 


33 


24 


28 


174 


2 




231 
169 


- 


- 


5 
3 


9 
13 


12 
13 


21 
20 


12 
16 


11 

5 


11 

1 


7 
5 


11 

5 


10 
9 


122 

74 


- 


Western Samoa 


5 


Other Oceania 


336 

120,991 

8,362 


6 

271 

11 


3 

187 

18 


5 

318 

32 


18 

1,768 

114 


13 

4,959 

161 


20 

7,762 
311 


22 

7,556 
308 


19 

6,028 

224 


18 

5,184 

190 


18 

4,467 

203 


15 

3,993 

181 


8 

4,349 

179 


140 

73389 

6,341 


31 




760 




89 


Mexico 


39,294 


59 


24 


86 


435 


2.207 


1,894 


1.751 


1,292 


1.166 


973 


884 


786 


27.576 


161 


Caribbean 


57,948 


38 


46 


106 


789 


1,359 


4,044 


3,879 


3,361 


2,881 


2,501 


2,278 


2,804 


33,454 


408 


Antigua-Barbuda 


623 


. 


- 


- 


6 


27 


29 


58 


44 


42 


36 


57 


101 


218 


5 




235 




- 


2 


6 


7 


12 


20 


23 


14 


16 


11 


33 


91 


- 


Barbados 


1,433 


. 


2 


4 


16 


30 


98 


101 


83 


71 


68 


61 


60 


822 


17 


Cuba 


15.853 


4 




5 


17 


47 


421 


254 


209 


266 


245 


277 


291 


13.750 


67 


Dominica 


405 


1 


- 


1 


7 


14 


32 


44 


34 


24 


20 


13 


12 


199 


4 


Dominican Republic 


11,374 


17 


25 


49 


328 


332 


1,091 


785 


794 


670 


464 


502 


396 


5,820 


101 


Grenada 


829 






- 


6 


29 


44 


92 


66 


50 


59 


42 


44 


393 


4 


Haiti 


7,972 


7 


6 


8 


105 


307 


757 


766 


800 


687 


527 


382 


1.058 


2.505 


57 


Jamaica 


12,206 


5 


4 


19 


144 


364 


1,072 


1.279 


997 


791 


797 


687 


540 


5.409 


98 


St. Kitts & Nevis 


609 


- 


- 


- 


8 


14 


37 


41 


39 


37 


50 


54 


79 


240 


10 


St. Lucia 


394 


2 


- 


2 


9 


15 


39 


50 


28 


24 


23 


19 


18 


161 


4 


St. Vincent & 
































Grenadines 


540 


- 


- 


1 


8 


16 


45 


63 


45 


46 


37 


36 


27 


211 


5 


Trinidad & Tobago . 


4,865 


1 


6 


14 


124 


148 


347 


292 


177 


129 


139 


120 


121 


3.219 


28 


Other Caribbean 


610 


1 


3 


1 


5 


9 


20 


34 


22 


30 


20 


17 


24 


416 


8 


Central America 


15305 


163 


99 


94 


430 


1,230 


1,510 


1,614 


1,143 


942 


785 


647 


577 


5,969 


102 


Belize 


560 


1 


- 


3 


6 


39 


52 


72 


50 


33 


43 


30 


40 


187 


4 


Costa Rica 


958 


2 


5 


2 


29 


32 


54 


50 


40 


38 


23 


20 


26 


633 


4 


EI Salvador 


4,970 
2,621 


8 
56 


10 
50 


5 
22 


85 
66 


556 
182 


512 
203 


560 

224 


402 
140 


362 
162 


267 
122 


245 
88 


173 
86 


1.770 
1.207 


15 


Guatemala 


13 


Honduras 


2,129 
2.263 
1,804 


27 

1 

68 


13 

1 
20 


23 
13 
26 


62 
70 
112 


126 
195 
100 


183 
318 
188 


231 
345 
132 


221 

202 

88 


137 

127 

83 


144 

113 

73 


120 
85 
59 


92 
90 
70 


732 
694 
746 


18 




9 


Panama 


39 


Other North America 


82 


- 






- 


2 


3 


4 


8 


5 


5 


3 


3 


49 


- 


South America 


33,991 


176 


168 


256 


1,065 


1,888 


3,788 


3,414 


2,297 


1,873 


1,626 


1,255 


1,127 


14,856 


202 


Argentina 


2,238 


3 


1 


12 


87 


103 


206 


176 


128 


84 


76 


69 


55 


1.227 


11 


Bolivia 


777 


9 


8 


12 


24 


74 


84 


88 


69 


54 


57 


21 


24 


253 


- 


Brazil 


1,277 


20 


17 


23 


71 


85 


141 


122 


65 


49 


64 


39 


33 


534 


14 


Chile 


1,134 


4 


13 


13 


33 


62 


110 


105 


67 


68 


58 


35 


36 


520 


10 


Colombia 


12.075 


61 


51 


68 


254 


536 


948 


884 


672 


670 


559 


448 


356 


6.519 


49 


Ecuador 


3,797 


7 


4 


11 


52 


117 


227 


236 


145 


145 


132 


124 


128 


2.444 


25 


Guyana 


6,103 


2 


3 


16 


149 


329 


1.244 


1.027 


711 


408 


388 


286 


273 


1.211 


56 


Paraguay 


259 


44 


38 


5 


7 


14 


14 


14 


9 


8 


2 


2 


3 


98 


1 


Peru 


4.535 


17 


27 


78 


312 


441 


622 


569 


298 


264 


190 


151 


137 


1.398 


31 


Uruguay 


650 


2 


1 


1 


12 


30 


58 


61 


53 


31 


35 


24 


25 


316 


1 


Venezuela 


1.058 


6 


5 


16 


58 


89 


115 


118 


77 


83 


61 


53 


55 


319 


3 


Other South America 


88 


1 


- 


1 


6 


8 


19 


14 


3 


9 


4 


3 


2 


17 


1 


Not reported 


611 


9 


2 


5 


15 


41 


92 


33 


20 


20 


18 


21 


16 


199 


120 



■ Represents zero. 



151 



TABLE 55. PERSONS NATURALIZED BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF FORMER ALLEGLVNCE, AGE, AND SEX 

FISCAL YEAR 1994 



Age and sex 



All 
countries 



Canada 



China, 
Mainland 



Colombia 



Cuba 



Dominican 
Republic 



Guyana 



Haiti 



India 



Total 

Under 18 years 

18-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over 

Not reported 

Male 

Under 18 years 

18-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over 

Not reported 

Female 

Under 18 years 

18-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over 

Not reported 

Unknown sex 

Percent distribution 

Male 

Female 

Unknown 

Median age 

Male 

Female 

See footnotes at end of table. 
152 



407398 

9,661 

8,226 

38,981 

46,941 

58,611 

58,681 

46,083 

34,866 

27,015 

23,805 

19,285 

15,756 

10,818 

5,375 

3,274 

20 

193,510 

4,709 

3,805 

18,101 

22,194 

28,545 

28,880 

22,408 

16,335 

11,919 

10,281 

8,393 

7,913 

5.764 

2,818 

1,438 

7 

206,882 

4,669 

4,144 

19,965 

24,059 

29,169 

28,881 

22,855 

17,934 

14,684 

13,145 

10,594 

7.639 

4,887 

2,473 

1,773 

11 

7.006 

100.0 

47.5 

50.8 

1.7 

38.5 

38.3 
38.7 



8,782 

164 
119 
416 

489 

784 

957 

1.008 

1.075 

1,119 

907 

748 

509 

312 

115 

59 

1 

3,533 

81 

57 

207 

248 

344 

383 

389 

381 

396 

358 

274 

207 

135 

45 

27 

1 

5,178 
79 
61 

204 
238 
435 
570 
608 
686 
711 
540 
470 
299 
176 
70 
31 

71 

100.0 

40.2 

59.0 

.8 

47.0 

45.6 
47.8 



20,828 

460 

524 

2.655 

2,263 

2,746 

2,339 

1,813 

1,603 

1.043 

1.234 

1.275 

1.141 

896 

509 

326 

1 

9,019 

227 
213 

1,197 
818 
921 

1.034 
833 
749 
527 
592 
631 
515 
429 
221 
112 

11,135 

214 

291 

1.398 

1,397 

1.754 

1,238 

923 

802 

478 

587 

592 

581 

426 

258 

195 

1 

674 

100.0 

43.3 

53.5 

3.2 

38.8 

40.6 
37.1 



12,067 

273 

140 

681 

1,138 

1,707 

1,632 

1,281 

1.239 

1.178 

984 

768 

489 

279 

173 

105 

5,018 

134 
70 
318 
501 
754 
686 
547 
467 
484 
421 
300 
167 
104 
46 
19 

6,988 

136 
70 
357 
631 
949 
937 
727 
762 
689 
561 
465 
319 
174 
126 
85 

61 

100.0 

41.6 

57.9 

.5 

41.8 

40.4 
42.8 



15,896 

26 

81 

830 

1.014 

1.370 

1,031 

861 

777 

1,140 

1,843 

2.019 

1,939 

1.336 

843 

786 

7,083 
11 

43 
379 
479 
641 
527 
425 
385 
450 
771 
854 
918 
589 
317 
294 

8,733 

14 

37 

446 

531 

724 

497 

432 

386 

685 

1,063 

1,1.54 

1,013 

741 

521 

489 

80 

100.0 

44.6 

54.9 

.5 

57.3 

56.4 
58.0 



11399 

355 

240 

1,345 

1,659 

1,762 

1,528 

1,100 

700 

705 

643 

524 

389 

237 

132 

80 

4,472 
165 
101 
513 
648 
655 
599 
465 
306 
275 
256 
216 
143 
71 
39 
20 

6,862 

187 

138 

823 

1.000 

1.100 

922 

626 

394 

424 

382 

305 

244 

165 

93 

59 

65 

100.0 

39.2 

60.2 

.6 

36.1 

36.3 
36.0 



6,066 

139 
132 
652 
857 
919 
870 
732 
544 
367 
268 
240 
190 
98 
26 
32 

2,690 

61 

48 

274 

327 

412 

396 

345 

256 

165 

125 

111 

94 

47 

12 

17 

3333 

71 

82 

374 

525 

504 

472 

382 

285 

197 

138 

127 

96 

51 

14 

15 

43 

100.0 

44.3 

54.9 

.7 

36.8 

37.8 
36.1 



7,982 

67 

72 

566 

994 

1,336 

1,723 

1,262 

712 

489 

316 

196 

131 

69 

28 

21 

3,949 

30 

34 

213 

447 

639 

885 

698 

394 

263 

147 

103 

55 

27 

9 

5 

3,989 

36 

37 

348 

544 

688 

829 

561 

316 

223 

167 

91 

75 

41 

18 

15 

44 

100.0 

49.5 

50.0 

.6 

37.8 

38.4 
37.1 



20,454 

659 

670 

2,460 

2,614 

3,233 

3,028 

2,604 

2,055 

1,197 

774 

511 

341 

203 

75 

27 

3 

10,764 

272 

303 

1,188 

1,179 

1,706 

1,716 

1,389 

1.114 

700 

462 

307 

218 

140 

52 

18 

9,379 

362 
352 
1,240 
1,404 
1,491 
1,279 



1,170 

904 

472 

299 

194 

118 

61 

21 

9 

3 

311 

100.0 

52.6 

45.9 

1.5 

35.9 

37.0 
34.4 



TABLE 55. PERSONS NATURALIZED BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF FORMER ALLEGL\NCE, AGE, AND SEX 

FISCAL YEAR 1994— Continued 



Age and sex 



Jamaica 



Korea 



Mexico 



Philip- 
pines 



Poland 



Portugal 



Taiwan 



United 
Kingdom 



Vietnam 



Total 

Under 18 years 

18-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years , 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over .. 
Not reported 

Male 

Under 18 years 

18-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over .. 
Not reported 

Female 

Under 18 years 

18-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over .. 
Not reported 

Unknown sex 

Percent distribution 

Male 

Female 

Unknown 

Median age 

Male 

Female 

- Represents zero. 



12,173 

184 

162 

938 

1,545 

1,794 

1,712 

1,549 

1,207 

989 

725 

555 

430 

233 

101 

49 

4,784 

78 

77 

376 

601 

682 

643 

617 

509 

403 

289 

219 

149 

90 

40 

11 

7,336 

104 

85 

556 

934 

1,109 

1,064 

926 

693 

580 

433 

332 

281 

141 

61 

37 

53 

100.0 

39.3 

60.3 

.4 

39.3 

39.5 
39.2 



11,389 

805 

499 

2,019 

1,500 

1,672 

1,464 

949 

727 

504 

398 

298 

218 

179 

103 

52 

2 

4,777 

359 

224 

997 

649 

549 

493 

356 

309 

246 

197 

152 

108 

75 

36 

25 

2 

5,979 

400 

236 

919 

797 

1,042 

897 

528 

364 

220 

176 

130 

100 

92 

54 

24 

633 

100.0 

41.9 

52.5 

5.6 

32.7 
31.5 
33.1 



39310 

331 

424 

3,061 

4,181 

4,765 

4,739 

4,257 

3,549 

3,727 

3,545 

2,922 

1,707 

1,213 

508 

381 

18,229 

143 

165 

1,332 

2,120 

2,637 

2,379 

1,994 

1,570 

1,479 

1,433 

1,278 

778 

567 

199 

155 

20,482 

174 

248 

1,684 

2,006 

2,072 

2,298 

2,189 

1,918 

2,186 

2,053 

1,599 

905 

629 

301 

220 

599 

100.0 

46.4 

52.1 

1.5 

42.5 
40.8 
43.9 



37304 

969 
408 
2,444 
4,502 
5,153 
5,575 
3,694 
2,575 
1,720 
1,531 
1,355 
2,876 
2,600 
1,442 
458 
2 

17,192 

478 

203 

1,069 

1,616 

1,818 

2,079 

1,307 

1,046 

658 

607 

518 

2,129 

2,091 

1,227 

346 

19,681 

468 

199 

1,316 

2,831 

3,280 

3,439 

2,344 

1.497 

1,045 

906 

819 

721 

491 

212 

111 

2 

431 

100.0 

46.1 

52.8 

1.2 

39.6 

45.1 
37.5 



6,857 

150 

126 

418 

529 

959 

1,224 

1,055 

741 

417 

408 

325 

267 

154 

56 

28 

3,225 

67 

53 

223 

237 

477 

573 

521 

350 

187 

172 

129 

119 

75 

27 

15 

3,605 

81 

72 

194 

292 

480 

648 

533 

385 

230 

235 

193 

146 

77 

28 

11 

27 

100.0 

47.0 
52.6 

.4 

40.1 

39.8 
40.3 



5,997 

52 
104 
536 
749 
842 
847 
712 
531 
442 
461 
385 
191 
100 
32 
12 
1 

3,000 

27 

45 

244 

375 

406 

425 

371 

273 

225 

229 

206 

95 

56 

16 

7 

2,975 

24 

59 

291 

371 

435 

418 

339 

254 

215 

231 

178 

95 

43 

16 

5 

1 

22 

100.0 

50.0 

49.6 

.4 

39.2 

39.7 
38.6 



9,450 

233 

320 

1,091 

687 

1,438 

2,495 

1,771 

624 

296 

180 

107 

77 

62 

34 

35 

4,173 

120 

168 

516 

231 

500 

1,136 

840 

284 

134 

85 

44 

43 

37 

16 

19 

4,711 

100 

127 

495 

401 

831 

1,248 

826 

309 

147 

81 

57 

33 

24 

18 

14 

566 

100.0 

44.2 

49.9 

6.0 

36.9 

37.5 
36.5 



15,003 

309 

324 

1,558 

1,559 

1,831 

2,099 

1,665 

1,549 

1,263 

1,127 

768 

511 

272 

107 

60 

1 

6,629 

165 
162 
753 
750 
841 
1,049 
749 
616 
440 
418 
302 
204 
116 
46 
18 

8,155 

138 

155 

767 

788 

963 

1,009 

894 

917 

811 

696 

462 

301 

153 

60 

40 

1 

219 

100.0 

44.2 

54.4 

1.5 

39.6 

38.0 
41.4 



26,833 

687 

1,536 

6,064 

4,379 

3,783 

3,284 

2,638 

1,552 

995 

672 

517 

346 

211 

96 

72 

1 

14,324 

322 

736 

3,077 

2,541 

2,165 

1,715 

1,340 

809 

594 

345 

278 

203 

109 

52 

38 

11,654 

331 

723 

2,775 

1,727 

1,523 

1,469 

1,216 

701 

375 

305 

217 

133 

93 

38 

27 

1 

855 

100.0 

53.4 

43.4 

3.2 

31.0 

31.1 
30.9 



153 



TABLE 56. PERSONS NATURALIZED BY AGE AND SEX 
FISCAL YEARS 1985-94 



Age and sex 

Total 

Under 18 years 

18-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over 

Not reported 

Male 

Under 18 years 

18-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over 

Not reported 

Female 

Under 18 years 

18-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over 

Not reported 

Unknown sex 

Percent distribution .. 

Male 

Female 

Unknown 

Median age 

Male 

Female 



1985 



1986 



1987 



1988 



1989 



1990 



1991 



1992 



1993 



244,717 

9,470 

5,511 

31,526 

37,789 

42,292 

37,595 

23,463 

17,847 

12,419 

9,627 

7,355 

4,632 

2,977 

1,524 

680 

10 

115,114 

4.003 

2,474 

15,199 

17,717 

19,609 

18,090 

11,105 

8,651 

5,891 

4,457 

3,366 

2,131 

1,336 

742 

337 

6 

124,425 

5,344 

2,919 

15,823 

19,444 

21,899 

18.777 

11,856 

8,766 

6,186 

4,892 

3,734 

2,301 

1,493 

688 

301 

2 

5,178 

100.0 

47.0 

50.8 

2.1 

34.5 

34.6 
34.3 



280,623 

10,440 

7,380 

38,736 

46.155 

49.878 

41.401 

26,000 

18,630 

13,387 

9,965 

7,781 

5,149 

3,262 

1,646 

807 

6 

133,982 

4,527 

3.301 

18.578 

22.340 

23.575 

20.201 

12.567 

8,995 

6,423 

4,778 

3,557 

2,420 

1,515 

817 

386 

2 

140,087 

5,717 

3,982 

19,364 

22,894 

25,179 

20,211 

12,733 

9,095 

6,576 

4,923 

4,024 

2,589 

1,650 

770 

377 

3 

6,554 

100.0 

47.7 

49.9 

2.3 

33.8 

33.9 
33.6 



227,008 

7,701 

6,065 

30,919 

37,886 

40,829 

33,857 

21,757 

14,426 

10,631 

7,689 

6,296 

4,215 

2,603 

1,351 

778 

5 

109,548 

3,253 

2,702 

14,945 

18,649 

19,852 

16,705 

10,523 

6,966 

5,147 

3,628 

2,973 

1,975 

1.236 

617 

374 

3 

108,583 

3.972 

3.206 

14.930 

17.914 

19.494 

15.750 

10,283 

6,783 

5,008 

3,757 

3,076 

2.088 

1.274 

678 

369 

1 

8.877 

100.0 

48.3 

47.8 

3.9 

33.8 

33.9 
33.7 



242,063 

6,916 

5,819 

31,885 

39,715 

44,002 

36,381 

24,776 

15,873 

11,521 

8,251 

6,777 

4,667 

2,725 

1,636 

1,118 

1 

120,528 

3,270 

2,700 

15,834 

19,898 

22,164 

18,445 

12,397 

8,045 

5,643 

4,052 

3,196 

2,238 

1,327 

776 

542 

1 

119,599 

3,605 

3,102 

15,829 

19,521 

21,501 

17,613 

12.155 

7,696 

5,759 

4.137 

3.502 

2.383 

1.379 

850 

567 

1,936 

100.0 

49.8 

49.4 

.8 

34.2 

34.2 
34.2 



233,777 

6,336 

5,783 

29,799 

37,723 

42,938 

35,795 

24,710 

15,368 

11,099 

7,863 

6,479 

4,695 

2,610 

1,558 

1,012 

9 

115,825 

3,103 

2.693 

14.591 

18.582 

21,710 

18,276 

12,320 

7,684 

5,405 

3.795 

3,019 

2,203 

1,227 

726 

488 

3 

117,837 

3,232 

3,089 

15,193 

19,121 

21,208 

17,502 

12,379 

7,676 

5,686 

4,065 

3,454 

2,492 

1,381 

831 

523 

5 

115 

100.0 

49.5 

50.4 

Z 

34.4 

34.4 
34.4 



270,101 

6.539 

6.453 

31.778 

40,288 

46,984 

40,927 

27,745 

16,877 

12,785 

9,439 

7,638 

5,522 

2,970 

1,679 

1,231 

11,246 

127,847 

2,969 

2,892 

14,944 

19,088 

22,828 

20,275 

13,288 

7,918 

5,706 

4,197 

3,342 

2,478 

1,334 

762 

561 

5,265 

127,096 

3,018 

3,126 

14,859 

18,805 

21,636 

18.602 

13.050 

8.083 

6,370 

4,724 

3,860 

2,730 

1,455 

829 

624 

5,325 

15,158 

100.0 

47.3 

47.1 

5.6 

34.7 

34.7 
34.9 



308,058 

8.345 

8,529 

36,753 

45,079 

54,872 

48,707 

33,381 

20,622 

15,492 

11,779 

9,596 

7,323 

4,052 

2,049 

1,173 

306 

151,620 

3,900 

3,878 

17,836 

22,059 

28.049 

24,911 

16,568 

10,056 

7,368 

5,496 

4,462 

3,442 

1,916 

1,007 

563 

109 

150,140 

3,747 

4,463 

18,183 

22,104 

25,815 

22,907 

16,196 

10,207 

7,865 

6,106 

4,990 

3,777 

2,061 

1,009 

590 

120 

6,298 

100.0 

49.2 

48.7 

2.0 

35.0 

35.0 
35.2 



240,252 

7,105 

5,751 

25,790 

34,207 

42.074 

36.459 

25.108 

16,155 

11,883 

9,610 

8,738 

8,614 

5,275 

2.376 

1.103 

4 

120,430 

3,499 

2.503 

12.271 

16.836 

21.667 

18.927 

12.447 

7.906 

5,394 

4,298 

4,176 

5,150 

3,337 

1,445 

572 

2 

114,273 

3,240 

3,044 

12,807 

16,600 

19,478 

16,673 

12,091 

7,905 

6,255 

5,138 

4,413 

3.356 

1,859 

896 

516 

2 

5,549 

100.0 

50.1 

47.6 

2.3 

35.7 
35.8 
35.6 



314,681 

8,854 

6,812 

31,357 

37,957 

47,913 

45,436 

33,471 

23,969 

18,854 

17,165 

14,664 

12,979 

8,642 

4,314 

2,273 

21 

155,910 

4,428 

3,244 

15,032 

18,572 

24,405 

23.259 

16.741 

11.483 

8.461 

7.591 

6.783 

7.106 

5.096 

2.566 

1.130 

13 

157,980 

4.228 

3,543 

16,278 

19,334 

23,445 

22,110 

16,643 

12,427 

10,335 

9,537 

7,840 

5,850 

3,529 

1,741 

1,134 

6 

791 

100.0 

49.5 

50.2 

.3 

37.6 

37.6 
37.7 



■ Represents zero. Z Rounds to less than 0.05 percent. 



154 



TABLE 57. NATURALIZATION RATES THROUGH FISCAL YEAR 1993 OF IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED 
IN FISCAL YEAR 1977 BY MAJOR CLASS OF ADMISSION AND OCCUPATION 



Class of admission and occupation 



Immigrants in 1977 ' 



Number admitted 



Naturalizations through 1993 



Rate = 



Total, all immigrants , 

Classes of admission: 

1st pref , Unmarried sons and daughters of U.S. citizens 

2nd pref. Spouses and children of legal permanent residents 

3rd pref, Professionals or highly skilled immigrants 

4th pref. Married sons and daughters of U.S. citizens 

5th pref. Siblings of U.S. citizens 

6th pref. Needed skilled or unskilled workers 

7th pref, Refugee conditional entrants 

Nonpreference 

Independent Western Hemisphere 

Spouses of U.S. citizens 

Children of US, citizens 

Parents of U.S. citizens 

Special immigrants 

Cuban refugee adjustments 

Other 

Occupation: 

Professional specialty and technical occupations 

Architects 

Engineers, surveyors, and mapping scientists 

Mathematical and computer scientists 

Natural scientists 

Physicians 

Other health diagnosing occupations 

Health assessment and treating occupations 

Teachers (postsecondary) 

Teachers (except postsecondary) 

Counselors (educational and vocational) 

Librarians, archivists, and curators 

Social scientist and urban planners 

Social, recreation, and religious workers 

Lawyers and judges 

Writers, artists, entertainers, and athletes 

Professionals, unspecified 

Technologists and technicians (health) 

Technologists and technicians (except health) 

Executive, administrative, and managerial occupations 

Sales occupations 

Administrative support occupations 

Precision production, craft, and repair occupations 

Operator, fabricator, and laborer occupations 

Farming, forestry, and fishing occupations 

Service occupations 

No occupation 

Homemakers 

Unemployed or retired 

Students and/or children 

Unknown or not reported 



352,071 



1,366 
41,681 
10,339 

2,902 
48,527 

7,320 

7,666 

57,962 
24,128 
66,776 

3,855 
21,033 

1,453 

56,239 

824 



41,981 

401 
5,110 

851 
1,620 
7,006 
1,936 
6,347 
1,439 
4,456 
59 

279 

607 
1.897 

393 
4,339 
1,057 
1,386 
2,798 

19,955 
5,520 
20,267 
21.237 
46,510 
7,500 
25,084 

158,668 

88,197 

31,438 

39,033 

5,349 



145,935 



630 

23,776 
7,034 
1,225 

22,625 
3,239 
4,948 

21,396 

5,973 

25,583 

1,377 

4,733 

686 

22,528 

182 



23,692 

211 

3,178 

495 

873 

4,364 

1,243 

3,818 

754 

2,524 

28 

143 

288 

782 

150 

1,713 

645 

920 

1,563 

9,147 

2,503 
10,779 

8,297 
17,252 

1,744 
10,028 

60,106 

31,295 
8,297 

20,514 
2,387 



41.5 



46.1 
57.0 
68.0 
42.2 
46.6 
44.2 
64.5 

36.9 
24.8 
38.3 
35.7 
22.5 
47.2 
40.1 
22.1 



56.4 

52.6 
62.2 
58.2 
53.9 
62.3 
64.2 
60.2 
52.4 
56.6 
47.5 
51.3 
47.4 
41.2 
38.2 
39.5 
61.0 
66.4 
55.9 

45.8 
45.3 
53.2 
39.1 
37.1 
23.3 
40,0 

37.9 

35.5 
26.4 
52.6 
44.6 



' Ages 16 and over. 

Naturalizations through 1993 divided by the number of immigrants admitted. 



155 



TABLE 58. NATURALIZATION RATES THROUGH FISCAL YEAR 1993 OF IMMIGRANTS 
ADMITTED IN FISCAL YEAR 1977 BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 



Region and country 
of birth 



Immigrants in 1977 ' 



Number 
admitted 



Naturaliza- 
tions 
through 
1993 



Rate^ 



Region and country 
of birth 



Immigrants in 1977 ' 



Number 
admitted 



Naturaliza- 
tions 
through 
1993 



All countries 



Europe 

Austria 

Belgium 

Czechoslovakia .. 

Denmark 

Finland 

France 

Germany 

Greece 

Hungary 

Ireland 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Soviet Union 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 



Asia 

Bangladesh 

Burma 

China. Mainland 

Cyprus 

Hong Kong 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Iraq 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Lebanon 

Macau 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Singapore 

Sri Lanka 

Syria 

Taiwan 

Thailand 

Turkey 

Vietnam 

Yemen 

Other Asia 



352,071 

54,868 

342 

300 

504 

362 

231 

1,283 

4,899 

6,577 

771 

1,076 

5,843 

828 

283 

3,468 

6,964 

1,620 

4,535 

2,086 

485 

485 

8,982 

2,256 

688 

119,223 

460 

776 

14,421 

410 

3,146 

15,033 

658 

3,404 

1,996 

2,078 

3,602 

2,187 

19,824 

3,900 

248 

387 

2,563 

31,686 

226 

314 

1,342 

2,460 

3,009 

1,546 

2,724 

284 

539 



145,935 

16,023 

52 

59 

252 

49 

34 

356 

719 

2,080 

397 

253 

975 

136 

28 

1,533 

1,743 

1,077 

2,872 

374 

57 

141 

1,733 

869 

234 

68,619 

310 

513 

8,787 

204 

2,345 

8,066 

322 

1,712 

1,161 

1,287 

537 

1,306 

11,060 

2,438 

173 

219 

1,573 

19,635 

114 

178 

822 

1,888 

1,124 

568 

1,801 

153 

323 



41.5 

29.2 

15.2 
19.7 
50.0 
13.5 
14.7 
27.7 
14.7 
31.6 
51.5 
23.5 
16.7 
16.4 
9.9 
44.2 
25.0 
66.5 
63.3 
17.9 
11.8 
29.1 
19.3 
38.5 
34.0 

57.6 

67.4 
66.1 
60.9 
49.8 
74.5 
53.7 
48.9 
50.3 
58.2 
61.9 
14.9 
59.7 
55.8 
62.5 
69.8 
56.6 
61.4 
62.0 
50.4 
56.7 
61.3 
76.7 
37.4 
36.7 
66.1 
53.9 
59.9 



Africa 

Cape Verde 

Egypt 

Ethiopia 

Ghana 

Kenya 

Morocco 

Nigeria 

South Africa 

Tanzania 

Uganda 

Other Africa 

Oceania 

Australia 

Fiji 

New Zealand 

Tonga 

Western Samoa 

Other Oceania 

North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Anguilla 

Antigua-Barbuda 

Bahamas, The 

Barbados 

British Virgin Islands 

Cuba 

Dominica 

Dominican Repubhc 

Grenada 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

St. Kitts & Nevis 

St. Lucia 

St. Vincent & Grenadines 

Trinidad & Tobago 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

Other North America 

South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Peru 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Other South America 



7,713 
647 

1,964 
294 
392 
418 
366 
570 

1,331 
256 
200 

1,275 

2,930 

1,016 
551 
449 
349 
369 
196 

142,313 

9,000 

30,967 

89,885 

354 

614 

238 

2,134 

367 

57,023 

392 

8,955 

1,023 

4,268 

7,896 

699 

408 

456 

4,516 

542 

12381 

660 

1,221 

3,402 

2,825 

1,228 

1,351 

1,694 

80 

25,024 

2,136 

576 

1,128 

2,047 

6,138 

4,063 

4,115 

3,158 

947 

485 

231 



4,267 

232 
1,292 
167 
212 
245 
175 
183 
833 
167 
114 
647 

652 

79 
244 

81 

88 
123 

37 

45,816 

1,309 

5,461 

33,885 

115 

275 

56 

884 

61 

22,672 

180 

2,178 
454 

1,631 

3,200 
311 
178 
191 

1,350 
149 

5,142 
241 
424 

1,454 

1,100 

569 

595 

759 

19 

10,558 

865 

308 

265 

871 

2.488 

1,028 

2,295 

1,700 

491 

148 

99 



' Ages 16 and over. 
' Naturalizations through 1993 divided by the number of immigrants admitted. 



156 



VI. ENFORCEMENT 



This section covers actions by the Immigration and 
Naturalization Service to prevent illegal entry into the 
United States and to apprehend and remove illegal aliens in 
the United States. 

Data Overview: Apprehensions 

Apprehensions are arrests of aliens who are in violation of 
the Immigration and Nationality Act. Apprehensions of 
deportable aliens increased dramatically during the 1970s, 
reaching a total of 8.3 million for the decade. 
Apprehensions continued to increase during the 1980s, 
reaching a high of 1.8 million in fiscal year 1986. 
Following passage of the Immigration Reform and Control 
Act of 1986, apprehensions declined sharply in 1987, 
returning to the levels of 1983-84. By 1989 total 
apprehensions fell below one million for the first time 
since 1982. Apprehensions increased sharply in 1990; the 
number increased slowly through fiscal year 1993 
(Chart U). In fiscal year 1994 the number of 
apprehensions declined 18 percent. A special initiative in 
the El Paso sector. Operation Hold the Line, contributed to 
this decline along with increased resources for the Border 
Patrol. 

The INS began collecting and reporting the nationality of 
every apprehended alien in fiscal year 1987. The 1994 
data include 176 nationalities; aliens from Mexico 
dominated the statistics, accounting for 95 percent of the 
total. The next largest source countries were El Salvador, 
Guatemala, the Dominican Republic, Honduras, Canada, 
Cuba, Colombia, Jamaica, and Haiti. 

More than 30,000 criminal aliens 
were expelled during 1994. 



office takes control of the processing of the case and a file 
is created on the alien). An officer documents the grounds 
for deportability and prepares a case that may eventually 
be argued before an immigration judge. During this 
process an alien may be offered voluntary departure; if 
accepted, the expulsion is known as a "required departure 
under docket control." In some cases the offer of 
voluntary departure will not or cannot be made; those 
cases may result in deportation. Other possible outcomes 
include adjustment to a legal status, a stay of deportation, 
or an alien who absconds. A deported alien may not be 
admitted to the United States for a period of 5 years after 
deportation unless the Attorney General grants a waiver. 
An apprehended alien who accepts the offer of voluntary 
departure and pays the expense of departing can be legally 
admitted in the future without penalty. 

Another type of removal is exclusion. The Immigration 
and Naturalization Service has the initial responsibility for 
determining who may be admitted to the United States. 
Aliens who are refused admission have access to an 
appeals process. The INS removes those aliens who are 
ordered excluded and deported by an immigration judge or 
the Board of Immigration Appeals. 

The following table illustrates the relative sizes of the 
major expulsion types: 

Fiscal year 1994 Fiscal year 1993 
Voluntary departure 

with safeguard 1,022,976 1,236,863 

Deportations 39,620 37,216 

Exclusions 5,504 5,028 

Required departures 5,574 6,161 

The INS enumerates the largest category of expulsions, 
voluntary departure under safeguard, for workload 
management purposes. Little information is available for 
this group. About 99 percent of these removals are of 
Mexican nationals who are returned across the southern 
border soon after their apprehension. 



Data Overview: Removals 

The INS has several options in removing an alien from the 
United States. The best known is deportation; however, 
most aliens are actually removed under a process called 
"voluntary departure with safeguards." Under this 
procedure an alien admits to illegal status and agrees to 
leave the United States. The alien further agrees to remain 
in custody until departure, which is observed by an officer 
of the INS. If the alien refuses the offer of voluntary 
departure, or if no such offer is made, the alien is entitled 
to a hearing and is placed under "docket control" (an INS 



A removal statistic of great interest is the combination of 
deportations and exclusions. More demographic and 
immigration data are available for these categories than are 
available for the voluntary returns. Although these data are 
also available for required departures, the aliens in that 
category may be eligible for an immediate legal reentry to 
the United States and their "expulsion" does not have the 
same connotation as a deportation. In 1994 the INS 
expelled aliens from 145 countries; 23 countries had more 
than 100 expulsions each. Mexican nationals accounted for 
66.3 percent of all deportations and exclusions. The top 10 
nationalities accounted for 89.8 percent of all removals. 



157 



Chart U 
Aliens Apprehended: Fiscal Years 1951-94 



Thousands 



z,uuu - 














1,750 - 
1,500 - 
1,250 - 

1 f\r\r\ 


i 

i 






■ 


^ 


1,000 


■ 


/50 


M 


^■^H 


^1 


■ 


500 


IH^^fl 


^ 


^H 


^■^H 


^1 


■ 


n - 


^^fl 


^1 


^■^1 


^1 


■ 



1951 1955 



1960 



1965 



1970 



1975 



1980 



1985 



1990 1994 



Source: Table 59. See Glossary for fiscal year definitions. 



Country 



All countries 

Mexico 

El Salvador 

Honduras 

Dominican Republic 

Colombia 

Guatemala 

Jamaica 

Canada 

Nigeria 

China, Mainland 



Number 


Percent of 


removed 


total 


45,124 


100.0 


29,934 


66.3 


1,849 


4.1 


1,626 


3.6 


1,545 


3.4 


1,414 


3.1 


1,262 


2.8 


987 


2.2 


952 


2.1 


490 


1.1 


449 


1.0 



The passage of the Immigration Reform and Control Act in 
1986 helped the INS focus on the removal of those aliens 
determined to be the greatest threat to society. In 1986 the 
INS removed 1,015 aliens for criminal violations and 963 
for narcotics violations. The two types of violations thus 
accounted for 4 percent of all expulsions. Most of the rest 
of the expelled aliens were charged with illegal entry or 
with violating the conditions of their alien status. In 1994 



Fiscal 
year 



Total 

aliens 

removed 



Criminal and narcotics 
violations 



Number 



Percent 



1994 45,124 30,157 66.8 

1993 42,244 27,625 65.4 

1992 43,411 24,161 55.7 

1991 33,042 16,930 51.2 

1990 29,900 11,552 38.6 

1989 34,264 7,795 22.7 

1988 25,810 5,954 23.1 

1987 24,318 4,534 18.6 

the proportion of aliens removed who were charged with 
crimes or narcotics activity increased to 67 percent. 

Since 1986 the INS has devoted an increasing proportion 
of resources to drug interdiction at the border and to 
interagency cooperative task forces designed to eliminate 
trafficking in illegal drugs within the United States. The 
INS has improved its cooperation with other law 
enforcement agencies to ensure that aliens convicted of 



158 



crimes and incarcerated are brought into deportation 
proceedings at the end of their prison sentence. 

The Statistical Yearbook includes detailed statistics on 
exclusions for only those aliens who are denied entry after 
a formal exclusion hearing before an immigration judge. 
However, the overwhelming number of aliens who fail to 
gain admission withdraw their applications during the 
inspection process after the INS presents evidence that 
they are inadmissible to the United States. 

In fiscal year 1994, 961,444 aliens withdrew during the 
inspection process. Only 17,419 aliens continued their 
cases before an immigration judge. The United States 
formally excluded 5,504 aliens (some of these aliens had 
hearings that began in a previous fiscal year). Five 
countries accounted for more than 60 percent of the 
formal exclusions: Mexico (1,591); Canada (749); the 
Dominican Republic (424); China (406); and Colombia 
(256). 

Limitations of Data 

INS' current data systems cannot link an apprehension to 
its final disposition (removal, adjustment of status, etc.). 
Therefore, analysts should use caution when comparing 
apprehension and removal data. Apprehended aliens who 
choose to use the available appeals procedures will spend 
at least several months and perhaps several years in the 
process before final disposition of their cases. In other 
words, aliens apprehended in any given fiscal year are 
quite likely to be expelled (or adjusted to legal status) in 
some future fiscal year. 



In addition, INS statistics on apprehensions and removals 
relate to events, not individuals. For example, if an alien 
has been apprehended three times during the fiscal year, 
that individual will appear three times in the apprehension 
statistics. 

The data on removals under docket control reported in this 
and other Statistical Yearbooks should be used cautiously. 
One problem is the time lag in reporting expulsions. This 
time lag is different for deportations and exclusions. 
Slightly more than 93 percent of the deportations reported 
in fiscal year 1994 actually occurred in that fiscal year; 4 
percent were in fiscal year 1993 and the rest occurred 
earlier. Only 78 percent of the exclusions reported in fiscal 
year 1994 actually took place in fiscal year 1994; 17 percent 
occurred in fiscal year 1993, and the rest earlier. The data 
in this Yearbook have been adjusted to reflect the actual 
year of removal. The data for each fiscal year require 
updating and cannot be considered complete for at least 4 
years. For example, the removals reported during fiscal 
year 1994 that occurred in 1993 increased the number for 
fiscal year 1993 by almost 3 percent. 

Another area of caution involves changes in definitions 
across years. The INS has begun incorporating new 
information about the crimes of aliens removed in recent 
years. This change allows INS to more accurately count 
the number of criminals that it removes. The statistics in 
this Yearbook reflect these changes and update the data on 
reason for removal from fiscal year 1990 onward. For 
example, the number of deported aliens recorded as 
criminal in 1993 has increased from 18,870 (1993 
Yearbook) to 25,066 (1994 Yearbook). 



159 



TABLE 59. ALIENS APPREHENDED, DEPORTED, AND REQUIRED TO DEPART 

FISCAL YEARS 1892-1994 



Year 



Apprehended ' 



Aliens expelled 



Total 



Deported 



Required to depart ' 



1892-1994 

1892-1900 
1901-10.... 
1911-20.... 
1921-30.... 
1931-40.... 
1941-50... 

1951-60 .... 

1951 

1952 

1953 

1954 

1955 

1956 

1957 

1958 

1959 

1960 

1961-70 .... 

1961 

1962 

1963 

1964 

1965 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 

1970 

1971-80 .... 

1971 

1972 

1973 

1974 

1975 

1976 

1976, TQ 

1977 

1978 

1979 

1980 

1981-90 .... 

1981 

1982 

1983 

1984 

1985 

1986 

1987 

1988 

1989 

1990 

1991-94 ... 

1991 

1992 

1993 

1994 



31,943,615 

NA 

NA 

NA 

128,484 

147,457 

1,377,210 

3,598,949 

509,040 

543,535 

885,587 

1,089,583 

254,096 

87,696 

59,918 

53,474 

45,336 

70,684 

1,608,356 

88,823 

92,758 

88,712 

86,597 

110,371 

138,520 

161,608 

212,057 

283,557 

345,353 

8321,498 

420,126 

505,949 

655,968 

788,145 

766,600 

875,915 

221,824 

1,042,215 

1,057,977 

1,076,418 

910,361 

11,883328 

975,780 
970,246 
1,251,357 
1,246,981 
1,348,749 
1,767,400 
1,190,488 
1,008,145 
954,243 
1,169,939 

4,878,333 

1,197,875 
1,258,482 
1,327,259 
1,094,717 



29,678,905 

3,127 

11,558 

27,912 

164,390 

210,416 

1,581,774 

4,013,547 

686,713 

723,959 

905,236 

1,101,228 

247,797 

88,188 

68,461 

67,742 

64,598 

59,625 

1,430,902 

59,821 

61,801 

76,846 

81,788 

105,406 

132,851 

151,603 

189,082 

251,463 

320,241 

7,478,574 

387,713 
467,193 
584,847 
737,564 
679,252 
793,092 
199,207 
897,243 
1,003,886 
992,025 
736,552 

10,174,428 

840,595 

827,090 

949,832 

927,440 

1,062,654 

1,608,600 

1,113,514 

934,883 

861,189 

1,048,631 

4,582,277 
1,089,849 
1,144,021 
1,280,237 
1,068,170 



1,177,664 

3,127 

11,558 

27.912 

92,157 

117,086 

110,849 

129,887 

13,544 

20,181 

19,845 

26,951 

15,028 

7,297 

5,082 

7.142 

7,988 

6,829 

96374 

7,438 
7,637 
7,454 
8,746 
10,143 
9,168 
9,260 
9,130 
10,505 
16,893 

231,762 

17,639 
16,266 
16,842 
18,824 
23,438 
27,998 
8,927 
30,228 
28,371 
25,888 
17,341 

212,808 

16,720 
14,518 
18,232 
17,607 
21,358 
22,302 
22,324 
23,119 
30,425 
26,203 

144,144 

28,887 
38,421 
37,216 
39,620 



28,501,241 

NA 

NA 

NA 

72,233 

93,330 

1,470,925 

3,883,660 

673,169 

703,778 

885,391 

1,074,277 

232,769 

80,891 

63,379 

60,600 

56,610 

52,796 

1,334,528 

52,383 

54,164 

69,392 

73,042 

95,263 

123,683 

142,343 

179,952 

240,958 

303,348 

7,246,812 

370,074 
450,927 
568,005 
718,740 
655,814 
765,094 
190,280 
867,015 
975,515 
966,137 
719,211 

9,961,620 

823,875 

812,572 

931,600 

909,833 

1,041,296 

1,586,298 

1,091,190 

911,764 

830,764 

1,022.428 

4,438,133 

1,060,962 
1,105,600 
1,243,021 
1,028,550 



Aliens apprehended were first recorded in 1925. Prior to 1960, data represent total aliens actually apprehended. Since 1960, figures are for total deportable 
aliens located, including nonwillful crewman violators. ^ Aliens required to depart were first recorded in 1927. 
NOTE: See Glossary for fiscal year definitions. NA Not available. 



160 



TABLE 60. DEPORTABLE ALIENS LOCATED BY STATUS AT ENTRY 

AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF NATIONALITY 

FISCAL YEAR 1994 



Region and country 
of nationality 



All 
located 



Visitor 



Crew- 
man 



Student 



Temporary worker 



Agricul- 
ture 



Other 



Immi- 
grant 



Stow- 
away 



TWOV 



Entry 

without 

inspection 



All countries 

Europe 

France 

Germany 

Ireland 

Italy 

Poland 

Portugal 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

China, Mainland 

India 

Iran 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Lebanon 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Vietnam 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Liberia 

Nigeria 

Other Africa 

Oceania 

North America 

Belize 

Canada 

Costa Rica 

Cuba 

Dominican Republic .... 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Haiti 

Honduras 

Jamaica 

Mexico 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

Trinidad & Tobago 

Other North America ... 

South America 

Argentina 

Brazil 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Peru 

Venezuela 

Other South America ... 

Unknown or not reported 



1,094,717 

2,626 

140 
222 
33 
140 
34.i 
128 
529 
121 
968 

6,073 

1,168 
656 
284 
214 
100 
230 
267 
198 
348 
835 
535 

1,238 

2,103 

74 

713 

1,316 



272 

,078,132 

195 

3,862 

164 

2,472 

6,132 

7,466 

6,422 

1,894 

4,502 

1,968 

,040,302 

1,624 

222 

380 

527 

5,507 

95 

502 

2,149 

1,338 

249 

578 

208 

388 



13,342 

1,231 

79 
118 

12 

51 
192 

27 
292 

31 
429 

1,645 

105 
160 
118 
158 

49 
133 

83 
115 

95 

295 

8 

326 

828 

35 
286 
507 

158 

7,964 

58 

1,241 

64 

15 

235 

66 

137 

100 

111 

457 

4,905 

82 

77 

168 

248 

1,513 

48 
259 
630 
82 
36 
167 
124 
167 



833 

92 

I 
I 



5 
6 
I 

4 
74 

159 

8 
3 

I 
I 
1 
3 

3 
76 

I 
62 

16 

2 
14 

17 

474 



31 

8 

13 

204 

68 

51 

23 

41 

7 

2 

19 

75 

1 
35 

2 
10 
18 

4 

5 



978 

63 

9 
9 
2 
5 
6 
1 

10 
1 

20 

349 

38 
15 
50 
9 
15 
46 
14 
24 
27 
21 

90 

303 

9 
164 
130 

18 

185 

16 

2 

8 

5 

1 

I 

5 

6 

20 

94 

2 

7 

6 

12 

60 

2 
9 

14 
4 
I 
6 
6 

18 



140 

2 
1 



10 



1 

2 

4 
8 

5 
3 

1 

116 

I 

1 
1 



72 
30 



260 

28 

2 
1 

2 
2 
I 
5 
3 
12 

125 

3 
10 

I 

2 

4 

5 

92 



2 
4 

1 

79 



16 

48 



1 
4 

21 

3 



10,745 

485 

14 
51 
2 
59 
25 
70 

114 
24 

126 

963 

58 

37 

27 

10 

5 

29 

64 

23 

32 

233 

217 

228 

199 

9 

86 

104 

41 

8,297 

32 

97 

16 

331 

1,064 

200 

107 

151 

96 

914 

4,888 

44 

75 

161 

121 

760 

18 
7 

372 
92 

151 
65 
16 
39 



410 

7 
1 

1 



3 
I 

13 

1 

5 
7 

1 

290 

49 

I 

16 

135 



1 
33 
46 



92 

1 

71 

7 
5 
3 
1 

4 



59 
6 



34 

1 
1 
I 
9 
6 



1,064,068 

468 

22 

13 

10 

8 

104 
17 
36 
42 

216 

2,032 

926 

397 
67 
27 
17 
14 
83 
22 

165 
62 
37 

215 

351 

14 
105 
232 

22 

1,058,390 

102 

2,331 

69 

1,539 

4,588 

7,164 

6,140 

1,363 

4,203 

252 

1,029,039 

1,448 

43 

23 

86 

2,804 

19 

218 

940 

1,143 

30 
283 

47 
124 

1 



' TWOV represents transit without visa. See Glossary for definition. 

- Represents zero. 



161 



TABLE 61. ALIENS EXCLUDED BY CAUSE 
FISCAL YEARS 1892-1984 



Year 



Total 



Subversive 

or 
anarchist 



Criminal 

or 
narcotics 
violations 



Immoral 



Mental or 

physical 

defect 



Likely to 
become 
public 
charge 



Stowaway 



Attempted 

entry without 

inspection 

or without 

proper 
documents 



Contract 
laborer 



Unable to 

read (over 

16 years 

of age) 



Other 



1892-1984 

1892-1900 
1901-10 .... 
1911-20 .... 
1921-30 .... 

1931-40 .... 
1941-50 .... 
1951-60 .... 
1961-70 .... 

1971-80 .... 

1971 

1972 

1973 

1974 

1975 

1976 

1976, TQ 

1977 

1978 

1979 

1980 

1981-84 .... 

1981 

1982 

1983 

1984 



633,918 

22,515 
108,211 
178,109 
189,307 

68,217 

30,263 

20,585 

4,831 

8,455 
655 
617 
504 
589 
994 

1,228 
318 

1,035 
906 
937 
672 

3,425 
659 
698 
979 

1,089 



1,379 

10 

27 
9 

5 

60 

1,098 

128 

32 

11 
8 
2 
4 



1 

4 
2 

10 

5 
4 
1 



14,287 

65 
1,681 
4,353 
2,082 

1,261 

1,134 

1,791 

383 

837 
49 
60 
58 
93 
91 

75 
23 
146 
81 
95 
66 

700 

152 
183 
205 
160 



8,233 

89 
1,277 
4,824 
1,281 

253 

80 

361 

24 

20 

1 
5 
1 

3 
I 

2 
3 
1 
3 

24 
4 
10 



82,593 

1.309 
24,425 
42,129 
11,044 

1,530 

1,021 

956 

145 

31 

11 

5 
5 
2 
4 



219,421 

15,070 
63,311 
90,045 
37,175 

12,519 

1,072 

149 

27 

31 

2 
3 
6 
3 
5 



22 

13 
6 

3 



16,247 



1,904 
8,447 

2,126 

3,182 

376 

175 

30 

21 

4 



192,545 



94,084 

47,858 

22,441 

14,657 

3,706 

7,237 
536 
511 
415 
451 
854 

1,122 
288 
865 
798 
817 
580 

2,562 

486 
478 
728 
870 



41,941 

5,792 
12,991 
15,417 

6,274 

1,235 

219 

13 



13,679 



5,083 
8,202 

258 

108 

26 

2 



43,593 

190 

4,516 

14,327 

20,709 

1,172 
946 

1,158 
241 

237 
24 
21 
17 
36 
36 

22 
7 
16 
22 
16 
20 

97 
11 
8 
29 
49 



NOTE: From 1941-53, figures represent all exclusions at sea and air ports and exclusions of aliens seeking entry for 30 days or longer at land ports. After 1953, 
includes aliens excluded after formal hearings. See Glossary for fiscal year definitions. 
- Represents zero. 



TABLE 62. ALIENS EXCLUDED BY CAUSE 
FISCAL YEARS 1985-94 



Year 


Total 


Convictions for 

criminal or 

narcotics violations 


Related to criminal 

or narcotics 

violations 


Attempted entry 

without 

inspection 


Other 


1985-94 


35,918 

1,747 
2,273 
1,994 
2,691 
3,839 

3,697 
4,155 
4,990 
5,028 
5,504 


11,589 

297 
269 
426 
481 
773 

950 

1,411 
1,825 
2,559 
2,598 


6 

1 

4 

1 


22,284 

1.351 
1,900 
1,423 
2,043 
2,868 

2,543 
2,438 
2,902 
2,210 
2,606 


2,039 

99 
104 
145 
167 
198 

204 
305 
259 
258 
300 


1985 

1986 

1987 

1988 

1989 

1990 

1991 

1992 

1993 

1994 



NOTE: Data include aliens excluded after formal heanngs, 
changed in 1990. See Enforcement section of text. 
- Represents zero. 



See Glossary for fiscal year definitions. The definition of which aliens counted as criminal aliens 



162 



TABLE 63. ALIENS EXCLUDED BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 

FISCAL YEARS 1990-94 



Region and country of birth 



1990 



1991 



1992 



1993 



1994 



All countries 

Europe 

Albania 

Germany 

Italy 

Poland 

Romania 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

Bangladesh 

Burma 

China, Mainland 

India 

Iran 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Lebanon 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Sri Lanka 

Taiwan 

Thailand 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Cote d'lvoire 

Ghana 

Liberia 

Niger 

Nigeria 

Togo 

Other Africa 

Oceania 

North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Bahamas, The 

Cuba 

Dominican Republic ... 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

Trinidad & Tobago 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

Belize 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Other Central America 
Other North America 

South America 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Peru 

Venezuela 

Other South America 

Unknown or not reported 
- Represents zero. 



3,697 

145 

16 
12 
15 

2 

21 

6 

73 

523 
49 

15 

80 

13 

8 

43 

10 

18 

17 

127 

51 

49 

6 

3 

34 

138 

1 

47 

7 

25 

24 

34 

11 

2,486 

426 

665 

1,255 

6 

69 

342 

617 

155 

18 

48 

140 

7 

51 

21 

22 

39 



368 

7 

96 

119 

35 
55 
20 
8 
28 

26 



4,155 

164 

1 
12 
16 
17 

3 
47 

5 
63 

368 

33 

27 
53 
18 
12 
18 
3 
8 
17 
59 
34 
45 
11 

30 

122 

2 
41 

2 

22 
20 

35 

22 

2,996 

559 
1,110 
1,141 

10 

109 

411 

388 

156 

35 

32 

186 

8 

58 
50 
46 
24 



463 

13 

109 

177 

57 

41 

28 

6 

32 

20 



4,990 

193 

11 
22 
33 
3 
47 
10 
67 

786 

55 

1 

38 

140 

6 

11 

10 

7 

15 

14 

280 

90 

70 

4 

1 

44 

252 

5 

54 

9 

19 

98 

67 

19 

3,245 

768 

1,178 

959 

7 

115 

279 

285 

200 

39 

34 

339 

9 

134 

122 

40 

34 

1 

485 
11 
113 
161 
61 
41 
70 
12 
16 

10 



5,028 

162 

2 
15 
13 
12 

3 
44 
12 
61 

690 

46 

58 

226 

15 

9 
11 
12 
17 
37 
97 
48 
43 
12 

5 
54 

297 

11 
81 
20 
13 
103 
2 
67 

34 

3,417 

920 

1,317 

1,006 

12 

114 

505 

156 

178 

15 

26 

174 

16 

67 

52 

20 

19 



425 

23 
58 
190 
42 
46 
50 
6 
10 



5,504 

220 

9 
14 
14 
28 
13 
58 
20 
64 

1,052 

39 
10 
406 
173 
24 
11 
15 
10 
27 
17 
116 
82 
30 
14 
10 
68 

366 

13 
90 
12 
19 

144 
13 
75 

21 

3,370 

749 
1,591 

795 
10 
66 

424 
49 

200 
26 
20 

233 
15 
77 
85 
43 
13 
2 

467 

18 
67 
256 
14 
33 
54 
10 
15 



163 



TABLE 64. ALIENS UNDER DOCKET CONTROL REQUIRED TO DEPART 

BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF NATIONALITY 

FISCAL YEARS 1990-94 



Region and country of nationality 



1990 



1991 



1992 



1993 



1994 



All countries 

Europe 

Bulgaria 

France 

Germany 

Italy 

Poland 

Romania 

Soviet Union 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

China, Mainland 

India 

Iran 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Lebanon 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Nigeria 

Other Africa 

Oceania 

North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Cuba 

Dominican Republic ... 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

Trinidad & Tobago 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Other Central America 

South America 

Argentina 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Peru 

Venezuela 

Other South America 

Stateless or not reported ... 

- Represents zero. 



11,485 

867 

4 

77 

62 

37 

217 

5 

3 

178 

54 

230 

1,232 

43 
69 
63 
62 

243 
42 

103 
80 
35 

236 

256 

334 

26 
308 

90 

8,168 

126 

4,930 

442 

10 
238 

26 
109 

21 

38 

2,670 

1,103 

846 

320 

311 

90 

614 

32 
117 
25 
222 
46 
80 
38 
54 

180 



7,082 

761 

10 
49 
44 
28 

275 

12 

7 

111 
49 

176 

752 
50 
46 
55 
42 

113 
21 
61 
44 
23 

119 

178 

173 

10 
163 

55 

4,830 

101 

2,514 

449 

21 

241 

13 

94 

34 

46 

1,766 

629 

400 

220 

430 

87 

402 

38 
58 
14 
120 
41 
69 
21 
41 

109 



7,470 

672 

17 
49 
31 
13 

238 
16 
10 
98 
25 

175 

787 
91 

46 
46 
52 
59 
34 
41 
34 
39 
187 
158 

207 

30 
177 

54 

5,253 

117 

3,132 

415 

11 

272 

13 

73 

27 

19 

1,589 

612 

359 

174 

388 

56 

436 

35 
49 
16 
149 
42 
69 
30 
46 

61 



6,161 

472 
27 
29 
21 
15 

126 
32 
21 
80 
25 
96 

719 

87 
64 
54 
21 
35 
37 
48 
19 
27 
190 
137 

123 

23 
100 

50 

4,428 

89 

2,732 

478 

21 

343 

10 

60 

26 

18 

1,129 

541 

195 

119 

229 

45 

319 

13 
34 
19 
92 
38 
50 
19 
54 

50 



5,574 

502 

41 
18 
21 
18 
95 
65 
60 
72 
23 



640 

41 
65 
43 
19 
20 
27 
43 
30 
22 
236 
94 

82 

17 
65 

40 

3,999 

65 

2,657 

488 

29 

362 

19 

37 

17 

24 

789 

298 

140 

127 

190 

34 

290 

26 
35 
17 
91 
24 
59 
16 
22 

21 



164 



TABLE 65. ALIENS UNDER DOCKET CONTROL REQUIRED TO DEPART BY 
CAUSE AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF NATIONALITY 

FISCAL YEAR 1994 







Convictions 


Related to 


Entered 
without 


Violation of 




Region and country 


Total 


for criminal 


criminal or 


nonim- 


Other 


of nationality 




or narcotics 


narcotics 


inspection 


migrant 








violations 


violations 


status 




All countries 


5,574 


549 


9 


4,001 


758 


257 


Europe 


502 


16 


1 


248 


199 


38 


Bulgaria 


41 


- 


- 


24 


16 


1 


France 


18 




1 


8 


8 


- 


Germany 


21 




- 


6 


8 


3 


Italy 


18 




- 


9 


6 


2 


Poland 


95 




- 


54 


37 


3 


Romania 


65 




- 


29 


32 


2 


Soviet Union 


60 

72 




- 


27 
34 


23 
24 


9 


United Kingdom 


10 


Yugoslavia 


23 




- 


15 


7 


- 


Other Europe 


89 






42 


38 


8 


Asia 


640 


11 


3 


311 


278 


37 


China, Mainland 


41 




- 


26 


12 


2 


India 


65 


- 


- 


27 


30 


8 


Iran 


43 


2 


. 


20 


18 


3 


Israel 


19 


- 


- 


9 


10 


- 


Japan 


20 


- 


- 


9 


10 


1 


Jordan 


27 


2 


- 


8 


15 


2 


Korea 


43 


- 


- 


20 


22 


1 


Lebanon 


30 


- 


- 


8 


19 


3 


Pakistan 


22 


2 


- 


18 


2 




Philippines 


236 


2 


3 


123 


95 


13 




94 
82 


2 
2 


; 


43 
40 


45 
35 


4 


Africa 


5 


Nigeria 


17 


- 


- 


9 


7 


1 


Other Africa 


65 
40 


2 
1 


: 


31 
18 


28 
19 


4 


Oceania 


2 


North America 


3,999 


489 


4 


3,197 


153 


156 


Canada 


65 


8 


3 


22 


18 


14 


Mexico 


2,657 


394 


1 


2,131 


69 


62 


Caribbean 


488 


39 


. 


355 


33 


61 


Cuba 


29 




- 


4 


- 


25 


Dominican Republic 


362 


25 




310 


5 


22 


Haiti 


19 


- 


- 


10 


4 


5 


Jamaica 


37 


8 


- 


15 


9 


5 


Trinidad & Tobago 


17 


3 


- 


6 


5 


3 




24 
789 

298 
140 


3 
48 

20 
9 


- 


10 
689 

264 
126 


10 
33 

6 
2 


1 


Central America 


19 




8 


Guatemala 


3 


Honduras 


127 


11 


- 


105 


8 


3 


Nicaragua 


190 


4 


- 


174 


9 


3 


Other Central America 


34 


4 


_ 


20 


8 


2 




290 

26 


29 


1 


168 

15 


73 
11 


19 


Argentina 




Brazil 


35 


- 


- 


19 


14 


2 


Chile 


17 




- 


10 


6 


1 


Colombia 


91 


20 


1 


47 


11 


12 


Ecuador 


24 


3 


- 


16 


5 


- 


Peru 


59 


4 


. 


44 


11 


- 


Venezuela 


16 


1 


- 


5 


10 


- 


Other South America 


22 
21 


I 

1 


_ 


12 
19 


5 

1 


4 


Stateless or not reported 









NOTE: The definition of which aliens counted as criminal aliens changed in 1990. See Enforcement section of text. 
- Represents zero. 



165 



TABLE 66. ALIENS DEPORTED BY CAUSE 
FISCAL YEARS 1908-80 



Year 


Total 


Subver- 
sive or 
anarchist 


Criminal 
viola- 
tions 


Immoral 


Narcotics 
viola- 
tions 


Mental 

or 

physical 

defect 


Previ- 
ously 

excluded 
or 

deported 


Failed to 
maintain 
or comply 
with con- 
ditions of 
nonim- 
migrant 
status 


Entered 
without 
proper 
docu- 
ments 


Entered 
without 
inspec- 
tion or 
by false 
state- 
ments 


Public 
charge 


Unable 
to read 
(over 16 
years 
of age) 


Other 


1908-80 


812,915 

6,888 

27,912 

92,157 

117,086 

110,849 

129,887 

96,374 

231,762 

17,639 
16,266 
16,842 
18,824 
23.438 

27.998 
8,927 
30,228 
28,371 
25,888 
17,341 


1,528 

353 
642 
253 

17 
230 

15 

18 

2 
2 
7 
3 

1 
3 


48,330 

236 
1,209 
8,383 
16.597 
8,945 
6,742 
3,694 

2,524 
286 
266 
226 
191 
225 
272 
83 
285 
220 
264 
206 


16,582 

784 

4,238 
4,838 

759 
1,175 

397 

67 
9 

7 
7 
7 
4 
8 
2 
6 
4 
9 
4 


8339 

6,364 
374 

1,108 
822 
947 

1,462 

3,626 

232 
307 
395 
396 
583 
464 
110 
372 
314 
265 
188 


27305 

3,228 

178 

8,936 

6,301 

1,560 

642 

236 

38 

7 
3 
7 
7 
6 
2 

3 
1 
2 


41.022 

1,842 
9,729 
17,642 
4.002 
3.601 

4,028 

476 
487 
594 
440 
526 
481 
141 
315 
236 
202 
130 


124,465 

5,556 
14,669 
13,906 
25,260 
31.334 

33,740 

4.140 
3.966 
3.989 
3.839 
3,649 
3,782 
1,007 
3,150 
2,543 
1,901 
1.774 


154,896 

31,704 
45.480 
14,288 
35,090 
11,831 

16,503 

2,979 

2,710 

2,247 

2,086 

1,896 

1,185 

271 

1,066 

871 

707 

485 


334,889 

1,106 

4,128 

5,265 

5,159 

50,209 

54,457 

43,561 

171,004 

9,483 

8,486 

9.342 

11.839 

16.529 

21.777 

7.304 

25.012 

24.165 

22.525 

14,542 


22,556 

474 

9,086 

10,703 

1,886 

143 

225 

8 

31 

4 
6 

4 
2 
1 
1 
3 
1 
5 
3 
1 


16,672 

704 

5,977 

8,329 

1,746 

5 

1 
1 


16,241 

1 060 


1908-10 


1911-20 

1921-30 


1.566 
8.537 
2 737 


1931-40 


1941-50 


812 


1951-60 


1 112 


1961-70 


235 


1971-80 


182 


1971 


21 


1972 


26 


1973 


24 


1974 


14 


1975 


19 


1976 


24 


1976, TQ 

1977 


6 
15 


1978 


12 


1979 


10 


1980 


11 







- Represents zero. 

NOTE; Deportation statistics by cause were not available prior to fiscal year 1908. See Glossary for fiscal year definitions. 



TABLE 67. ALIENS DEPORTED BY CAUSE 
FISCAL YEARS 1981-94 







Convictions 


Related to 


Entered 

without 

inspection 


Violation of 




Year 


Total 


for criminal 
or narcotics 


criminal or 
narcotics 


nonim- 
migrant 


Other 






violations 


violations 


status 




1981-94 


356,952 


123,510 


3,951 

1,827 


198,245 


18,645 
15,831 


12,601 


1981-90 


212,808 


33,030 


153,283 


8,837 


1981 


16.720 


310 


54 


13,601 


1,959 


796 


1982 


14.518 


413 


64 


11,554 


1,796 


691 


1983 


18,232 


863 


93 


14.318 


1.958 


1.000 


1984 


17,607 


981 


80 


14.082 


1.702 


762 


1985 


21,358 


1,551 


151 


16.957 


1,916 


783 


1986 


22,302 


1.707 


165 


17.804 


1,863 


763 


1987 


22,324 


4.108 


273 


15,819 


1,273 


851 


1988 


23,119 


5.473 


308 


15,323 


995 


1,020 


1989 


30,425 


7.022 


342 


20,636 


1,243 


1,182 


1990 


26,203 


10,602 


297 


13,189 


1,126 


989 


1991-94 


144,144 


90,480 


2,124 


44,962 


2,814 


3,764 


1991 


28,887 


15,519 


476 


10,908 


968 


1,016 


1992 


38,421 


22,336 


690 


13.423 


856 


1,116 


1993 


37,216 


25.066 


485 


10,332 


523 


810 


1994 


39,620 


27.559 


473 


10.299 


467 


822 







NOTE: The definition of which aliens counted as criminal aliens changed in 1990. See Enforcement section of text. 



166 



TABLE 68. ALIENS DEPORTED BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF NATIONALITY 

nSCAL YEARS 1990-94 



Region and country of nationality 



1990 



1991 



1992 



1993 



1994 



All countries 

Europe 

France 

Germany 

Italy 

Poland 

Portugal 

United Kingdom 

Other Europe 

Asia 

China, Mainland 

India 

Iran 

Israel 

Japan 

Korea 

Lebanon 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Turkey 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Ghana 

Liberia 

Nigeria 

Other Africa 

Oceania 

North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Bahamas, The 

Barbados 

Dominica 

Dominican Republic 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

Trinidad & Tobago .. 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

South America 

Argentina 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Peru 

Venezuela 

Other South America .. 

Stateless or not reported . 



26,203 

415 

30 
36 
22 
40 
16 
143 
128 

556 

15 
50 
32 
31 
89 
20 
28 
42 
99 
24 
126 

333 

19 

10 

141 

163 

31 

23,332 

250 

14,781 

2,148 

40 

17 

60 

952 

214 

745 

76 

44 

6,153 

126 

34 

2,483 

1,647 

1,632 

127 

104 

1,405 

31 
62 
26 
965 
77 
52 
99 
49 
44 

131 



28,887 

448 

27 
31 
27 
75 
25 
154 
109 

455 
14 
27 
18 
34 
92 
18 
20 
33 
89 
20 
90 

272 
10 

125 
137 

38 

26,085 

262 

19,824 

1,709 

37 

19 

29 

711 

169 

610 

80 

54 

4,290 

84 

43 

1,506 

1.062 

1,262 

263 

70 

1,358 

24 
58 
33 
918 
95 
56 
96 
41 
37 

231 



38,421 

621 

30 
55 
47 
98 
40 
170 
181 

584 

38 
42 
44 
42 
22 
28 
28 
44 

130 
16 

150 

392 

15 

9 

204 

164 

40 

34,907 

279 

26,432 

2,444 

60 

20 

31 

1,073 

165 

929 

107 

59 

5,752 

97 

42 

1,949 

1,406 

1,847 

306 

105 

1,777 

35 

56 

26 

1,215 

108 

106 

126 

67 

38 

100 



37,216 

669 

44 
87 
43 
64 
42 
223 
166 

534 

36 
37 
45 
45 
29 
30 
36 
38 

119 
12 

107 

415 

24 

12 

233 

146 

42 

33,883 

229 

25,736 

2,487 

56 

27 

31 

1,142 

158 

886 

123 

64 

5,431 

114 

38 

2,000 

1,301 

1,637 

236 

105 

1,629 

16 
39 
43 
1,113 
90 
80 
158 
42 
48 

44 



39,620 

724 
49 
79 
47 
52 
45 
252 
200 

569 

43 
41 
40 
29 
39 
29 
35 
28 

145 
27 

113 

579 

32 

25 

346 

176 

64 

35,940 

203 

28,343 

2,288 

53 

27 

38 

1,121 

106 

787 

104 

52 

5,106 

82 

27 

1,772 

1,177 

1,583 

366 

99 

1,698 

28 

56 

37 

1,158 

103 
75 

141 
57 
43 

46 



■ Represents zero. 



167 



TABLE 69. ALIENS DEPORTED BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY TO WHICH DEPORTED 

FISCAL YEARS 1990-94 



Region and country 
to which deported 



1990 



1991 



1992 



1993 



1994 



All countries 

Europe 

France 

Germany 

Italy 

Poland 

Portugal 

United Kingdom 

Other Europe 

Asia 

China, Mainland 

India 

Iran 

Israel 

Japan 

Korea 

Lebanon 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Ghana 

Niger 

Nigeria 

Other Africa 

Oceania 

North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Bahamas, The 

Dominica 

Dominican Republic 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

Trinidad & Tobago . 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

South America 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Peru 

- Venezuela 

Other South America . 

Stateless or not reported 



2633 

374 
20 
37 
23 
36 
17 
126 
115 

529 

11 
40 
25 
35 
88 
19 
23 
45 
98 
145 

339 

20 
113 
135 

71 

43 

23,497 

319 

14,881 

2,165 

37 

50 

971 

216 

747 

72 

72 

6,132 

129 

33 

2,492 

1,632 

1,633 

111 

102 

1,410 

60 

28 

983 

77 
48 
99 
45 
70 

II 



28.887 

432 

19 
46 
21 
70 
26 
157 
93 

434 

8 
21 
14 
33 
89 
17 
15 
32 
88 
117 

272 
9 

75 
112 

76 

49 

26311 

330 

20,054 

1,726 

38 

46 

705 

169 

608 

76 

84 

4,201 

85 

38 

1,457 

1,038 

1,267 

251 

65 

1383 

67 
29 
945 
96 
56 
98 
35 
57 



38,421 

556 

19 
59 
45 
87 
39 
148 
159 

549 

28 
35 
36 
46 
24 
30 
25 
45 
122 
158 

386 

17 

89 

174 

106 

54 

35,081 

381 

26,627 

2,470 

62 

96 

1,017 

164 

928 

107 

96 

5,603 

100 

46 

1,895 

1,355 

1,826 

285 

96 

1,789 

55 

27 

1,233 

107 

104 

131 

57 

75 



37,216 

631 

34 
95 
43 
63 
41 
199 
156 

508 

27 
31 
30 
38 
29 
28 
29 
37 
117 
142 

402 

24 
77 
189 
112 

57 

33,983 

291 

25,897 

2,493 

56 

48 

1,127 

154 

883 

124 

101 

5,302 

117 

36 

1,975 

1,253 

1,602 

221 

98 

1,623 

38 
41 
1,110 
89 
80 
167 
37 
61 

12 



39,620 

671 

37 
79 
46 
49 
40 
225 
195 

556 

34 
37 
32 
30 
40 
32 
32 
31 
143 
145 

576 

33 

49 

319 

175 

77 

36,034 

246 

28,483 

2300 

53 

52 

1,109 

102 

789 

103 

92 

5,005 

82 

30 

1.766 

1,136 

1,553 

348 

90 

1,701 

53 

38 

1,180 

101 
75 

138 
49 
67 



168 



TABLE 70. ALIENS DEPORTED BY CAUSE AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF NATIONALITY 

FISCAL YEAR 1994 







Convictions 


Related to 


Entered 
without 


Violation of 




Region and country 


Total 


for criminal 


criminal or 


nonim- 


Other 


of nationality 




or narcotics 


narcotics 


inspection 


migrant 








violations 


violations 


status 






39,620 

724 


27,559 
339 


473 

7 


10,299 
193 


467 
163 


822 


Europe 


22 


France 


49 


15 


1 


13 


17 


3 


Germany 


79 


23 


- 


29 


22 


5 


Italy 


47 


25 


- 


10 


12 


- 


Poland 


52 


23 


- 


16 


12 


1 


Portugal 


45 


43 


- 


2 


- 


- 


United Kingdom 


252 


122 


4 


61 


57 


8 


Other Europe 


200 


88 


2 


62 


43 


5 


Asia 


569 


312 


4 


124 


103 


26 


China 


43 


14 


- 


21 


3 


5 


India 


41 


19 


1 


16 


5 


- 


Iran 


40 


26 


- 


5 


6 


3 


Israel 


29 


20 


- 


5 


4 


- 


Japan 


39 


7 


1 


12 


15 


4 


Korea 


29 


18 


- 


7 


3 


1 




35 


29 


1 


1 


3 


1 


Pakistan 


28 


19 


- 


4 


3 


2 




145 


81 


- 


24 


33 


7 


Turkey 


27 


11 


- 


11 


3 


2 




113 
579 


68 
451 


1 
1 


18 
62 


25 
50 


1 


Africa 


15 


Ghana 


32 


28 


- 


- 


4 


- 


Liberia 


25 


21 


- 


3 


1 


- 


Nigeria 


346 


302 


- 


19 


18 


7 




176 
64 


100 
40 


1 


40 
12 


27 
12 


8 


Oceania 




North America 


35,940 


25,080 


459 


9,573 


93 


735 


Canada 


203 


161 


7 


23 


4 


8 


Mexico 


28,343 


20,887 


431 


6,346 


47 


632 


Caribbean 


2,288 


1,952 


6 


258 


21 


51 


Bahamas, The 


53 


45 


- 


7 


1 


- 


Barbados 


27 


27 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Dominica 


38 


23 


- 


14 


1 


- 


Dominican Republic 


1,121 


919 


1 


167 


6 


28 


Haiti 


106 


98 


- 


8 


- 


- 


Jamaica 


787 


705 


3 


51 


9 


19 


Trinidad & Tobago 


104 


92 


1 


6 


1 


3 


Other Caribbean 


52 
5,106 


43 
2,080 


1 
15 


5 
2,946 


2 
21 


1 


Central America 


44 


Belize 


82 


65 




16 




1 


Costa Rica 


27 
1,772 
1,177 


17 
884 
436 


12 
2 


10 

855 
730 


2 
2 


_ 




19 


Guatemala 


7 


Honduras 


1,583 


474 


1 


1,084 


7 


17 


Nicaragua 


366 


116 




243 


7 


- 


Panama 


99 


88 


- 


8 


3 


- 


South America 


1,698 


1,313 


2 


319 


42 


22 


Argentina 


28 


19 




7 


1 


1 


Brazil 


56 


26 




22 


6 


2 


Chile 


37 


24 


- 


12 


- 


1 


Colombia 


1,158 


960 


1 


169 


19 


9 


Ecuador 


103 


74 


- 


25 


1 


3 


Guyana 


75 


68 


- 


5 


1 


1 


Peru 


141 


79 


1 


54 


4 


3 


Venezuela 


57 


39 


- 


13 


4 


1 




43 
46 


24 
24 


- 


12 
16 


6 

4 


1 


Stateless or not reported 


2 



NOTE: The definition of which aliens counted as criminal aliens changed in 1990. See Enforcement section of text. 



Represents zero. 



169 



TABLE 71. ALIENS DEPORTED AND UNDER DOCKET CONTROL 

REQUIRED TO DEPART BY STATUS AT ENTRY 

FISCAL YEARS 1989-94 



Status at entry 



1989 



1990 



1991 



1992 



1993 



1994 



Aliens deported: 

Total 

Immigrant (except displaced person or refugee) 

Displaced person or refugee 

Foreign government official 

Temporary visitor 

Visitor for business — Visa Waiver 

Visitor for pleasure — Visa Waiver 

Transit alien 

Crewman 

Treaty trader or investor 

Representative to international organization 

Returning resident alien 

Student — academic institution 

Student — vocational 

Entered without inspection 

Other temporary worker or industrial trainee .... 
Representative of foreign information media .... 

Exchange visitor 

Fiance(e) 

Intracompany transferee 

Other or unknown 

Aliens under docket control required to depart: ' 

Total 

Immigrant (except displaced person or refugee) 

Displaced person or refugee 

Foreign government official 

Temporary visitor 

Visitor for business — Visa Waiver 

Visitor for pleasure — Visa Waiver 

Transit alien 

Crewman 

Treaty trader or investor 

Representative to international organization 

Returning resident alien 

Student — academic institution 

Student — vocational 

Entered without inspection 

Other temporary worker or industrial trainee .... 
Representative of foreign information media .... 

Exchange visitor 

Fiance(e) 

Intracompany transferee 

Other or unknown 



30,425 

814 
60 

27 
1,606 

3 
47 
95 

5 

2 

233 

5 

26,861 

92 

9 

9 

6 

4 

547 



13,015 

111 
18 
11 

3,083 



202 

154 

34 

3 

501 

19 

1,270 

148 

2 

67 

19 

39 

334 



26003 

1,218 

57 

15 

1,604 

1 

68 

37 

154 

5 

3 

4 

187 

4 

21,856 

102 

2 

7 

5 

4 

870 



11,485 

154 

49 

13 

2,243 

1 

5 

64 

110 

26 

4 

311 

13 

7,860 

102 

3 

66 

20 

35 

406 



28,887 

1,543 

86 

8 

1,640 

2 

98 

46 

102 

16 

2 

175 

2 

24,293 

52 

1 

9 

9 

10 

793 



7,082 

117 

24 

8 

1,685 

29 
48 
53 
26 

2 

175 

9 

4,536 

71 

41 
11 

22 
225 



38,421 

2,410 

143 

18 

2,155 

2 

21 

38 

137 

10 

3 

288 

5 

32,189 

102 

3 

16 

15 

5 

861 



7,470 

145 

21 

6 

1,624 

2 

42 

44 

9 

1 

163 

10 

5,008 

107 

51 

26 

10 

201 



37,216 

2,778 

186 

11 

1,959 

17 

176 

33 

93 

9 

1 

208 

6 

30,801 

83 

5 

10 

10 

5 

825 



6,161 

120 
29 

1,292 

1 

3 

52 

37 

16 

2 
136 

5 

4,180 

57 

53 

16 

5 

157 



39,620 

2,885 

145 

11 

2,125 

11 

249 

54 

80 

6 

3 

3 

258 

7 

32,886 

68 

4 

18 

22 

4 

781 



5,574 

118 

32 

5 

1,096 

I 

19 

45 

26 

7 

2 

98 

4 

3,782 

147 

39 

13 

7 

133 



Excludes required departures of technical violators and direct departures under safeguards 
■ Represents zero. 



170 



TABLE 72. ALIENS DEPORTED AND REQUIRED TO DEPART BY REGION AND DISTRICT OFFICE 

FISCAL YEAR 1994 



Region and district office 



Total 



Deported 



Required to depart 



All regions 

Eastern Region 

Atlanta, GA 

Baltimore, MD 

Boston, MA 

Buffalo, NY 

Cleveland, OH 

Detroit, Ml 

Miami, FL 

Newark, NJ 

New Orleans, LA . 

New York, NY 

Philadelphia, PA .. 

Portland, ME 

San Juan, PR 

Washington, DC .. 

Central Region 

Chicago, IL 

Dallas, TX 

Denver, CO 

El Paso, TX 

Harlingen, TX 

Helena, MT 

Houston, TX 

Kansas, MO 

Omaha, NE 

St. Paul, MN 

San Antonio, TX .. 

Western Region 

Anchorage, AK .... 

Honolulu, HI 

Los Angeles, CA .. 

Phoenix, AZ 

Portland, OR 

San Diego, CA 

San Francisco, CA 
Seattle, WA 



1,068,170 

13,751 
602 
247 

624 

1,932 
141 
545 

1.526 
266 

2,820 
827 
267 
675 

3,046 
233 

363,750 

603 

7,067 

2,564 

89,360 

133,963 

214 

1,446 

462 

71 

240 

127,760 

690,669 

81 

435 

12,202 

161,564 

208 

490,822 

20,911 

4,446 



39,620 

6,190 

247 

172 

543 

265 

37 

60 

797 

175 

2.707 

594 

185 

34 

245 

129 

10,852 

252 
514 

1,703 

2,515 

1,928 

104 

1,327 

157 

42 

81 

2,229 

22,578 

32 

115 

5,683 

4,138 

145 

9,215 

840 

2,410 



1,028,550 

7,561 

355 

75 

81 

1,667 

104 

485 

729 

91 

113 

233 

82 

641 

2,801 

104 

352,898 

351 

6,553 

861 

86,845 

132,035 

110 

119 

305 

29 

159 

125,531 

668,091 

49 

320 

6,519 

157,426 

63 

481,607 

20,071 

2,036 



171 



TABLE 73. SERVICE PARTICIPATION IN THE CONTROL OF MARIJUANA, NARCOTICS, 

AND DANGEROUS DRUG TRAFFIC 
FISCAL YEARS 1984-94 





Type of contraband 




Year and seizure 


Marijuana 
(lbs.) 


Heroin 

(ozs.) 


Opium 

(ozs.) 


Cocaine 
(ozs.) 


Hashish 

(ozs.) 


Dangerous 

drug pills 

(units) 


Other 


Total 


1984: 


















Number of seizures 


1,104 


24 


2 


155 


79 


97 


40 


1,501 




37,700.7 
29,592,892 


412.9 
11,061,697 


27.7 
23,232 


3,605.8 
12,532,267 


77.8 
41.606 


46,065 
31,199 


X 

1,124,084 


X 


Estimated value of seizures (dollars) .. 


54.406,977 


1985; 


















Number of seizures 


1,853 


33 


4 


169 


200 


151 


47 


2.457 




72,469.9 
49,883,060 


371.4 
4,093,249 


34.9 
17,325 


22,142.9 
75,822,274 


92.4 
69,761 


13,290 
15,111 


X 

169,248 


X 


Estimated value of seizures (dollars) .. 


130,070,028 


1986: 


















Number of seizures 


2,377 


71 


3 


291 


391 


238 


110 


3.481 




143,232.8 
91,173,982 


990.4 
59,758,294 


65.1 
1,529,600 


44,200.5 
111,111,329 


460.7 
182,965 


160,392 
267,252 


X 
180,581 


X 


Estimated value of seizures (dollars) .. 


264,204,003 


1987: 


















Number of seizures 


4,003 


83 


3 


511 


279 


312 


201 


5.392 


Amount seized 


225,946.7 


1,327.4 


184.1 


209,259.8 


115.6 


654,437 


X 


X 


Estimated value of seizures (dollars) .. 


188,351,449 


27,261,814 


103,300 


435,983,013 


28,312 


2,525,201 


7,423.275 


661,676,364 


1988: 


















Number of seizures 


4,190 


126 


3 


676 


259 


231 


339 


5.824 


Amount seized 


333,7901 


1,307.0 


19.8 


236,520.4 


107.9 


104,043 


X 


X 


Estimated value of seizures (dollars) .. 


250,444,625 


40,370,058 


250,800 


505.038,974 


39,634 


145,194 


7.245,615 


803,534,900 


1989: 


















Number of seizures 


5,920 


368 


13 


1,609 


181 


224 


441 


8,756 


Amount seized 


556,864.7 
442,913,841 


23,767.6 
193,443,462 


231.3 
216,803 


641,487.5 
1,346,492,775 


79.0 
101,486 


6,113,197 
1,896,080 


X 

2,870,994 


X 


Estimated value of seizures (dollars) .. 


1,987,935,441 


1990: 


















Number of seizures 


4,759 


577 


X 


1,847 


X 


164 


388 


7,735 


Amount seized 


441,125.9 


6,193.0 


X 


832,419.0 


X 


73,249 


X 


X 


Estimated value of seizures (dollars) .. 


335,137,424 


56,229,417 


X 


1,334,308,733 


X 


230,468 


13,527,003 


1,739,433,045 


1991: 


















Number of seizures 


4,983 


403 


X 


1,624 


X 


133 


289 


7,432 


Amount seized 


388,104.3 


3,717.3 


X 


877.419.5 


X 


160,431 


X 


X 


Estimated value of seizures (dollars) .. 


330,633,986 


31,734,541 


X 


1,224,947,975 


X 


380,698 


5,783,668 


1,593,480,868 


1992: 


















Number of seizures 


6,162 


285 


X 


1,265 


X 


93 


276 


8,081 


Amount seized 


587,512.5 


6,859.6 


X 


796,681.0 


X 


362,199 


X 


X 


Estimated value of seizures (dollars) .. 


552,035,249 


70,081,917 


X 


1,008,758,349 


X 


2,763,233 


2,215.141 


1,635,853,889 


1993: 


















Number of seizures 


7,848 


270 


X 


1,217 


X 


111 


364 


9,810 


Amount seized 


683,649 
574,514,441 


5,977 
74,301,714 


X 

X 


863,740 
1,510,042,908 


X 
X 


75,921 
173,370 


X 

15,909,284 


X 


Estimated value of seizures (dollars) .. 


2.174,941,717 


1994: 


















Number of seizures 


7,151 


280 


X 


978 


X 


116 


414 


8,939 


Amount seized 


676,584 
547,456,311 


5,791 
33,210,874 


X 
X 


792,323 
1,618,594,122 


X 
X 


104,658 
445,487 


X 

34,407,812 


X 


Estimated value of seizures (dollars) .. 


2,234,114,606 



NOTE: Corrections to this table may have changed data when compared to previous Yearbooks. Starting in 1990, the reporting of opium seizures is combined with 
heroin, and hashish is combined with marijuana. 

X Not applicable. 



172 



TABLE 74. PRINCIPAL ACTIVITIES AND ACCOMPLISHMENTS OF THE BORDER PATROL 

FISCAL YEARS 1988-94 



Activities and 
accomplishments 


1988 


1989 


1990 


1991 


1992 


1993 


1994 


Persons aoDrehended 


980,522 

969,214 
928,278 

3,333 

9,969 

838,242 

4,237 

36,699 

10,373 

50,122 
6,643 

721,213,999 

700,523,810 
20,690,189 


906335 

891,147 
830,985 

2,592 

5,686 

727,400 

5,297 

54,865 

13,794 

50,638 
10,789 

1,212,724,491 

1,191,505,131 
21,219,360 


1,123423 

1,103353 
1,054,849 

4,661 

7,544 

865,739 

5,746 

42,758 

21,901 

71,049 
17,275 

843,562,055 

797,768,179 
45,793,876 


1,152,667 

1,132,933 
1,095,122 

4,707 

8,095 

978,807 

6,666 

31,145 

18,826 

64,170 
14,261 

950,199,178 

910,146,141 
40,053,037 


1,221,904 

1,199,560 
1,168,946 

5,488 

7,165 

1,065,159 

6,167 

24,447 

17,237 

69,538 
11,391 

1447,938,634 

1,216,833,993 
31,104,641 


1,281,721 

1,263,490 
1,230,124 

5,393 

7.403 

1.117.414 

5,249 

28,117 

15,266 

80,835 
10,995 

1382,898,517 

1,337,766,371 
45,132,146 


1,046,576 

1,031,668 
999,890 


Deportable aliens located 

Mexican aliens 


Working in agriculture 

Working in trades, crafts, 

industry, and service 

Welfare/seeking employment 


5,162 

8,068 

901,826 

3,400 


All others 


28.378 


Smugglers of aliens located 

Aliens located who were 
smuggled into the United States 

Seizures (conveyances) 

Value of seizures (dollars) 

Narcotics 

Other 


14,143 

92.934 
9,134 

1398,053,619 

1,555,731,987 
42,321,632 



NOTE: Data on aliens previously expelled, aliens located with previous criminal records, conveyances examined, and persons questioned shown in previous 
Yearbooks are not available starting with fiscal year 1990. 



173 



TABLE 75. PROSECUTIONS, FINES, AND IMPRISONMENT FOR IMMIGRATION 

AND NATIONALITY VIOLATIONS 

FISCAL YEARS 1988-94 



Action taken 



1988 



1989 



1990 



1991 



1992 



1993 



1994 



Prosecutions: 
Total disposed of . 

Convictions 

Acquittals 

Dismissals 



Prosecutions for immigration violations: 
Disposed of 

Convictions 

Acquittals 

Dismissals 



Prosecution for nationality violations: 
Disposed of 

Convictions 

Acquittals 

Dismissals 



Aggregate fines and imprisonment: 
Fines (dollars) 

Immigration violations 

Nationality violations 

Imprisonment (years) 

Immigration violations 

Nationality violations 



18,360 

12.208 

115 

6,037 



17,590 

11,929 

114 

5,547 



770 

279 

1 

490 



2,528,308 

2,523,933 
4,375 

5,012 

4,946 
66 



18380 

12,561 

105 

5,914 



17,992 

12,379 

105 

5,508 



588 

182 

406 



1,830,594 

1,828,694 
1,900 

4,579 

4,558 
21 



20,079 

12,719 

50 

7,310 



19351 

12,515 

48 

6,788 



728 

204 

2 

522 



2,935,664 

2,872.279 
63,385 

5,749 

5,642 
107 



18,882 

11,509 

80 

7,293 



18,297 

11,392 

77 

6,828 



585 

117 

3 

465 



2,622,659 

2,508.084 
114.575 

5,748 

5.610 

138 



14,655 

9,865 

57 

4,733 



14,138 

9.766 

57 

4,315 



517 
99 



418 



1,673,488 

1.670.839 
2.649 

5,592 

5,550 

42 



19,650 

12.538 

251 

6,861 



18,958 

12,252 

169 

6,537 



692 

286 
82 

324 



2,774,183 

2.766.523 
7.660 

8,754 

8.660 

94 



15,348 

10,646 

91 

4,611 



14,842 

10,486 
81 

4,275 



506 

160 

10 

336 



101,690,918 

101,683.838 
7.080 

8,931 

8.895 
36 



' Dismissed or otherwise closed. 
- Represents zero. 



TABLE 76, CONVICTIONS FOR IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY VIOLATIONS 

FISCAL YEARS 1988-94 



Violations 



1988 



1989 



1990 



1991 



1992 



1993 



1994 



All violations 

Immigration violations 

Entry of aliens illegally 

Reentries of deported aliens 

Bringing in. transporting, harboring, and 

inducing illegal entry of aliens 

Fraud, misuse of visas, entry permits, 

and other entry documents 

Fraud and false statements or entries 

Alien registration or alien address 

violations 

Producing, transferring, possessing, 

using, or selling false identification 

documents 

Conspire to defraud U.S 

Producing, processing, selling of a 

controlled substance 

Other violations 

Nationality violations 

False representation as citizens of U.S 

False statements and procurement of 

citizenship or naturalization unlawfully 
Reproduction and sale of citizenship and 

naturalization papers 

NA Not available. 



12,208 

11,929 

7,379 
314 

808 

298 
128 

28 



295 
757 

NA 
1,922 

279 

248 



28 



12461 

12379 

7,659 
381 

860 

228 
142 

73 



370 
560 

NA 
2,106 

182 

156 

3 

23 



12329 

12325 

8,162 
444 



1.431 

289 
83 

135 



597 
615 

NA 
569 

204 

137 

60 

7 



11309 

11392 

7.214 
547 

1.498 

318 
68 

93 



602 

252 

466 
334 

117 

69 

36 

12 



9,865 

9,766 

6.341 

477 

977 

306 
109 

39 



497 
121 

498 
401 

99 

59 

37 
3 



12,538 

12,252 

7,184 
767 



1,010 

546 
578 

14 



671 

221 

762 
499 

286 

221 

64 
I 



10,646 

10,486 

6,615 
803 

734 

427 
384 

16 



599 

134 

556 
218 

160 

129 

27 



174 



TABLE 77. WRITS OF HABEAS CORPUS, JUDICIAL REVIEW OF ORDERS OF DEPORTATION, AND 
DECLARATORY JUDGEMENTS IN EXCLUSION AND DEPORTATION CASES 

FISCAL YEARS 1988-94 



Action taken 



1988 



1989 



1990 



1991 



1992 



1993 



1994 



Writs of habeas corpus: 

Total disposed of 

Favorable to U.S. government 

Unfavorable to U.S. government 

Withdrawn or otherwise closed 

Total pending end of year 

Judicial review of orders of deportation 
(Section 106. INA): 

Total disposed of 

Favorable to U.S. government 

Unfavorable to U.S. government 

Withdrawn or otherwise closed 

Total pending end of year 

Declaratory judgements: 

Total disposed of 

Favorable to U.S. government 

Unfavorable to U.S. government 

Withdrawn or otherwise closed 

Involving claims of U.S. nationality (8 U.S.C. 1503) 

Favorable to U.S. government 

Unfavorable to U.S. government 

Withdrawn or otherwise closed 

Involving exclusion or deportation 

Favorable to U.S. government 

Unfavorable to U.S. government 

Withdrawn or otherwise closed 



198 

120 

8 

70 

184 



208 

121 
13 
74 

818 



383 

109 

11 

263 

202 

7 

1 

194 

181 

102 
10 
69 



254 

213 

g 

33 

125 



355 
174 
9 
172 
671 



305 

219 
11 

75 

17 

10 

7 

288 

209 
11 
68 



ISO 

122 
12 
16 

294 



264 

162 
29 
73 

709 



170 

123 
12 
35 



164 

119 
12 

33 



397 

363 
15 
19 

248 



392 

252 

35 

105 

593 



191 

141 
13 

37 



1 

3 

187 

141 

12 
34 



331 

278 
12 
41 

388 



608 

441 

57 

110 

708 



182 

137 
21 
24 

19 

17 
1 
1 

163 

120 
20 

23 



447 

405 

15 

27 

425 



807 

595 

97 

115 

766 



173 

137 
18 
18 

7 
6 

1 

166 

131 
18 

17 



343 

301 
21 

21 

553 



685 

575 
58 
52 

837 



145 

129 

3 

13 

4 

3 

1 

141 

126 
3 
12 



- Represents zero. 



175 



TABLE 78. PRIVATE IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY BILLS 

INTRODUCED AND LAWS ENACTED 

77TH THROUGH 103RD CONGRESS 



Congress 




Laws 
enacted 



103rd Congress 

102nd Congress ' 

101st Congress 

100th Congress 

99th Congress 

98th Congress 

97th Congress 

96th Congress 

95th Congress 

94th Congress 

93rd Congress 

92nd Congress 

91st Congress 

90th Congress 

89th Congress 

88th Congress 

87th Congress 

86th Congress 

85th Congress 

84th Congress 

83rd Congress 

82nd Congress 

81st Congress 

80th Congress 

79th Congress 

78th Congress 

77th Congress 

' Data on Bills introduced and Laws enacted by the 



4 

11 

7 

20 

15 

33 

42 

83 

138 

99 

63 

62 

113 

218 

279 

196 

544 

488 

927 

1,227 

753 

729 

505 

121 

14 

12 

22 



102nd Congress have been adjusted. 



176 



VII. PUBLIC USE 
FILES 



Information on aliens granted permanent resident 
(immigrant) status may be purchased on magnetic tapes or 
cartridges from the National Technical Information Service 
(NTIS). These files, which contain information on 
immigrants admitted from fiscal years 1972-94, are on 12 
tapes, each generally covering a 3-year span. Cartridges 
are available on a per-request basis. The variables 
included on the files for fiscal years 1988-94 are: 



♦ Port of entry 

♦ Month of admission 

♦ Year of admission 

♦ Class of admission 

♦ Age 

♦ Country of birth 

♦ Marital status 

♦ Sex 

♦ Nationality 

♦ Occupation 

♦ Type of case 



Country of 

chargeability 
Country of last 

permanent residence 

Nonimmigrant class of 
entry 

Nonimmigrant year of 
entry 

INS district of intended 

residence 
State and Zip code of 

intended residence 



The tapes are formatted in EBCDIC character set and are 
available in 9 track 1,600 bpi or 6,250 bpi. Data are 
available also on IBM 3480 compatible cartridges. 
Documentation for each year and other information about 
tapes and cartridges are available from the Computer 
Products Office of NTIS at (703) 487-4763. 

The Statistical Yearbook may also be purchased from 
NTIS in paper copy or microfiche form beginning with 
fiscal year 1965. Prior to 1978, INS statistical data were 
included in the Annual Report of the Immigration and 
Naturalization Service. Those reports contain descriptions 
of INS' activities and accomplishments in addition to the 
statistical tables. 

To order the Yearbook or the Public Use Files, call NTIS at 
(703) 487-4650. 



VIII. DATA GAPS 



The text and usual table on the estimated number of aliens 
and citizens admitted by state and port of entry are omitted 
from this edition of the Statistical Yearbook. The largest 
component of the admissions is the number of persons who 
enter at land border ports. Information developed from 
survey data indicates that the estimation procedures used 
during the past few years at some land ports have resulted 
in an overstatement of the total number of entries into the 
United States. The methodology used to derive estimates 
of the number of passengers per vehicle and the proportion 
of aliens and U.S. citizens is being evaluated and revised. 
Publication of this data series is expected to resume in 
future years. 

Although a considerable amount of detailed information is 
available about immigrants, temporary visitors, and other 
categories of international migrants to the United States, 
significant gaps remain in our knowledge about 
immigration to the United States. In some areas these 
deficiencies persist because of the inherent difficulty in 
estimating the numbers, as is the case for emigration and 
illegal immigration. As a result, no information about 
these two categories is included in the Statistical Yearbook 
tables. 

Emigration 

The collection of statistics on emigration from the United 
States was discontinued in 1957; no direct measure of 
emigration has been available since then. Estimates 
compiled in this country and stadstics collected in other 
countries indicate that emigration from the United States 
has increased steadily since the 1950s, exceeding 100,000 
per year since 1970. These figures are consistent with U.S. 
historical experience; between 1900 and 1990, 
approximately 38 million immigrants were admitted, and 
an estimated 12 million foreign-born persons emigrated. ' 
That is, for every 100 immigrants admitted, roughly 30 
returned home (see Table M). 

The U.S. Bureau of the Census currently uses an annual 
emigration figure of 195,000, which includes both citizens 
and aliens, for computing national population esUmates. 
However, statistics (shown below) on U.S. residents 
migrating to other countries published by the United 



Warren, Robert and Ellen Percy Kraly, 1985, The Elusive Exodus: 
Emigration from the United States, Population Trends and Public Policy 
Occasional Paper No. 8, March, Population Reference Bureau: 
Washington, DC. 



177 



Table M 
Immigration and Emigration by Decade: 1901-90 

Immigrants Emigrants Net Ratio; 

Period to the U.S. from the U.S. Immigration Emigration/ 

(Thousands) (Thousands) (Thousands) Immigration 

Total, 1901-90 37,869 11,882 25,987 .31 

1981-90 7,338 1,600 5,738 .22 

1971-80 4,493 1,176 3,317 .26 

1961-70 3,322 900 2,422 .27 

1951-60 2,515 425 2,090 .17 

1941-50 1,035 281 754 .27 

1931-40 528 649 -121 1.23 

1921-30 4,107 1,685 2,422 .41 

1911-20 5,736 2,157 3,579 .38 

1901-10 8,795 3,008 5,787 .34 

Source: 1992 Statistical Yearbook, Table 1; Warren, Robert and Ellen Percy Kraly, 1985, The Elusive Exodus: Emigration from the United 
States, Population Trends and Public Policy Occasional Paper No. 8, March, Population Reference Bureau: Washington, D.C. 



Nations and the Economic Commission for Europe 
indicate that emigration from the United States could be 
well above 200,000 annually. 

Accurate, detailed, and timely estimates of emigration are 
needed to develop and evaluate U.S. immigration policy, 
to derive accurate national and local population estimates 
(including estimates of illegal immigration), and to 
measure coverage of the decennial censuses. The sketchy 
data that are available indicate that emigration is a large 
and growing component of U.S. population change. 
However, partly because of inherent methodological 
difficulties, data on emigration from the United States are 
not being collected. 

Emigration from the United States to 

Top Ten Countries of Destination: 

Selected Years, 1980s 

All countries 241,000 

I.Mexico 55,000 

2. United Kingdom 31,000 

3. Germany 29,000 

4. Canada 20,000 

5. Japan 19,000 

6. Philippines 19,000 

7. Guatemala 13,000 

8. Indonesia 9,000 

9. Australia 8,000 

10. Italy 4,000 

Source: 1989 U.N. Demographic Yearbook, Table 28; Economic 
Commission for Europe, CES/710/Corr. 

178 



Illegal Immigrants 

In 1994, the INS constructed estimates of the resident 
illegal immigrant population residing in the United States 
as of October 1992. " The estimates were derived by 
combining detailed statistics for each component of change 
that contributes to the illegal immigrant population. 

For aliens from most countries of the world, the typical 
way of joining the illegal population is to obtain visas for 
temporary visits and stay beyond the authorized period of 
admission. This segment of the population, referred to as 
"nonimmigrant overstays", constitutes roughly half of the 
illegal immigrant population residing in the United States. 
The rest of the population enter surreptitiously across land 
borders, usually between official ports of entry. This part 
of the population, referred to as EWIs (entry without 
inspection), includes persons from nearly every country, 
but a large majority are from Mexico; most of the rest are 
natives of Central American countries. 

The figures shown in Table N are based on: estimates of 
the illegal immigrant population who established residence 
in the United States before 1982 and did not legalize under 
the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 (IRCA); 
and annual estimates of the number of EWIs and 
nonimmigrant overstays who established residence here 
during the 1982 to 1992 period. Estimates were derived 
for October 1988 and October 1992 for 99 individual 



Warren, Robert, 1994, Estimates of the Unauthi)rized Immigrant 
Population Residing in the United Stales, by Country of Origin and State of 
Residence: October 1992, Unpublished paper, U.S. Immigration and 
Naturalization Service. 



Table N 

Estimated Illegal Immigrant Population for Top Twenty Countries of 

Origin and Top Twenty States of Residence: October 1992 



Country of origin 



Population 



State of residence 



Population 



All countries 

1. Mexico 

2. El Salvador 

3. Guatemala 

4. Canada 

5. Poland 

6. Philippines 

7. Haiti 

8. Bahamas 

9. Nicaragua 

10. Italy 

1 1. Honduras 

12. Colombia 

13. Ecuador 

14. Jamaica 

15. Dominican Republic 

16. Trinidad & Tobago .. 

17. Ireland 

18. Portugal 

19. Pakistan 

20. India 

Other 



3,379,000 

1,321,000 

327,000 

129,000 

97,000 

91,000 

90,000 
88,000 
71,000 
68,000 
67,000 

61,000 
59,000 
45,000 
42,000 
40,000 

39,000 
36,000 
31,000 
30,000 
28,000 

618,000 



All states 

1. California 

2. New York 

3. Texas 

4. Florida 

5. Illinois 

6. New Jersey 

7. Arizona 

8. Massachusetts 

9. Virginia 

10. Washington 

11. Georgia 

12. Maryland 

13. Colorado 

14. Oregon 

15. New Mexico 

16. Nevada 

17. Pennsylvania 

18. North Carolina 

19. Connecticut 

20. District of Columbia , 

Other 



3,379,000 

1,441,000 
449,000 
357,000 
322,000 
176,000 

116,000 
57,000 
45,000 
35,000 
30,000 

28,000 
27,000 
22,000 
20,000 
19,000 

18,000 
18,000 
17,000 
15,000 
14,000 

151,000 



countries and for each continent of origin. The estimates 
for each country were distributed to States based on the 
U.S. residence pattern of each country's total number of 
applicants for legalization under IRCA; the results were 
summed to obtain state totals. 

The primary objective in deriving the estimates was to 
determine the number of illegal migrants who have 
established residence in the United States and therefore 
have the greatest impact on the U.S. population. Those 
who were in the country for brief periods but were not in a 
legal status for whatever reason are not included in the 
estimates. Examples of the latter include seasonal workers 
who cross the border to work for a few months in the 
summer, tourists who stay a few days or weeks longer than 
their period of admission, and nonimmigrants who work 
without authorization. 

The estimated total illegal immigrant population residing 
in the United States grew from 2.2 million in 1988, just 
after the close of the IRCA legalization program, to 3.4 



million in October 1992, an average annual growth of 
about 300,000. The estimates indicate that the total 
resident illegal immigrant population in the United States 
reached a peak of nearly 5 million at the beginning of the 
IRCA legalization program. In 1987-88, approximately 3 
million persons applied for legalization under the 
provisions of IRCA, reducing the remaining illegal 
immigrant population to just over 2 million in the fall of 
1988. 

As would be expected, Mexico was the leading source 
country in 1992, accounting for 1.3 million, or about 39 
percent of the total. Before IRCA, more than half of the 
illegal immigrants residing in the United States were 
from Mexico. The number and percentage of the 
population from Mexico were reduced substantially by 
the IRCA legalization program; in 1992, the illegal 
immigrant population from Mexico was estimated to be 
about half as large as it was prior to the legalization 
program. The top 20 countries of origin are shown in 
Table N. 

179 



California was the leading state of residence of the illegal primarily because the population from Mexico dropped 

immigrant population in 1992, with 1.4 million, or 43 sharply as a result of IRCA legalizations, especially the 

percent of the total. In California and Texas, the numbers Seasonal Agricultural Worker (SAW) program. The 20 

as well as the national share of the illegal immigrant states with the largest estimated numbers of illegal 

population were considerably smaller in 1992 than they immigrants in 1992 are shown in Table N. A total of 29 

were when IRCA was enacted. The reductions occurred states had fewer than 10,000 illegal immigrants. 



180 



Appendixes 



Immigration and Naturalization Legislation 
Immigration Limits: Fiscal Year 1994 

Glossary 

Data Sources 

Table Genealogy 



.PPENDIX 1 



Immigration and Naturalization Legislation 



The following compilation of federal immigration and naturalization statutes in the United States provides 
an overview of the legislative history of immigration to the United States. It is not exhaustive either for the 
number of bills enacted or for the specific points of law within each bill. This review of the federal legislative 
process fosters a general understanding of the major issues as they developed in the area of immigration and 
naturalization in the United States. The dates of enactment and Statutes-at-Large reference numbers are 
presented in chronological order; they provide a basis for further inquiry for more detailed information. 



Act 



Major Features 



Act of March 26, 1790 

(/ Statutes-at-Large 103) 



The first federal activity in an area previously under the control of the individual 
states, this act established a uniform rule for naturalization by setting the residence 
requirement at two years. 



Act of January 29, 1795 

(7 Statutes-at-Large 414) 



Repealed the 1790 act, raised the residence requirement to five years and required a 
declaration of intention to seek citizenship at least three years before naturalization. 



Naturalization Act of June 18, 1798 

(/ Statutes-at-Large 566) 



Provisions: 

a. Clerks of court must furnish information about each record of naturalization 
to the Secretary of State. 

b. Registry of each alien residing in the United States at that time, as well as 
those arriving thereafter 

c. Raised the residence requirement for naturalization to fourteen years. 



Aliens Act of June 25, 1798 

(1 Statutes-at-Large 570) 



Represented the first Federal law pertinent to immigration rather than 
naturalization. Provisions: 

a. Authorized the President to arrest and/or deport any alien whom he deemed 
dangerous to the United States. 

b. Required the captain of any vessel to report the arrival of aliens on board 
such vessel to the Collector, or other chief officer, of the Customs of the Port. 

This law expired two years after its enactment. 



Alien Enemy Act of July 6, 1798 

(7 Statutes-at-Large 577) 



Provided that in the case of declared war or invasion the President shall have the 
power to restrain or remove alien enemy males of fourteen years and upwards, but 
with due protection of their property rights as stipulated by treaty. 



Naturalization Act of April 14, 1802 

(2 Statutes-at-Large 153) 



Provisions: 

a. Reduced the residence period for naturalization from fourteen to five years. 

b. Established basic requirements for naturalization, including good moral 
character, allegiance to the Constitution, a formal declaration of intention, and 
witnesses. 



lPPENDIX 1 



Immigration and Naturalization Legislation 



7. Steerage Act of March 2, 1819 

(J Slatutes-at-Large 488) 



First significant Federal law relating to immigration. Provisions; 

a. Established the continuing reporting of immigration to the United States by 
requiring that passenger lists or manifests of all arriving vessels be delivered to the 
local Collector of Customs, copies transmitted to the Secretary of State, and the 
information reported to Congress. 

b. Set specific sustenance rules for passengers of ships leaving U.S. ports for Europe. 

c. Somewhat restricted the number of passengers on all vessels either coming to 
or leaving the United States. 



Act of May 26, 1824 

{4 Statutes-at-Large 36) 



Facilitated the naturalization of certain aliens who had entered the United States as 
minors, by setting a two-year instead of a three-year interval between declaration of 
intention and admission to citizenship. 



Act of February 22, 1847 

(9 Statutes-at-Large 127) 



"Passenger Acts," provided specific regulations to safeguard passengers on 
merchant vessels. Subsequently amended by the Act of March 2, 1847 expanding 
the allowance of passenger space. 



10. Passenger Act of March 3, 1855 

(10 Statutes-at-Large 715) 



Provisions: 

a. Repealed the Passenger Acts (see the 1847 act) and combined their provisions 
in a codified form. 

b. Reaffirmed the duty of the captain of any vessel to report the arrival of alien 
passengers. 

c. Established separate reporting to the Secretary of State distinguishing 
permanent and temporary immigration. 



1 1 . Act of February 19, 1862 

(12 Statutes-at-Large 340) 

1 2. Act of July 4, 1864 

(13 Statutes-at-Large 385) 



Prohibited the transportation of Chinese "coolies" on American vessels. 



First Congressional attempt to centralize control of immigration. Provisions: 

a. A Commissioner of Immigration was appointed by the President to serve 
under the authority of the Secretary of State. 

b. Authorized immigrant labor contracts whereby would-be immigrants would 
pledge their wages to pay for transportation. 

On March 30, 1868, the Act of July 4, 1864 was repealed. 



13. Naturalization Act of July 14, 1870 

(16 Statutes-at-Large 254) 



Provisions: 

a. Established a system of controls on the naturalization process and penalties 
for fraudulent practices. 

b. Extended the naturalization laws to aliens of African nativity and to persons 
of African descent. 



14. Act of March 3, 1875 

(18 Statutes-at-Large 477) 



Established the policy of direct federal regulation of immigration by prohibiting for 
the first time entry to undesirable immigrants. 
Provisions: 

a. Excluded criminals and prostitutes from admission. 

b. Prohibited the bringing of any Oriental persons without their free and 
voluntary consent; declared the contracting to supply "coolie" labor a felony. 

c. Entrusted the inspection of immigrants to collectors of the ports. 



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Immigration and Naturalization Legislation 



15. Chinese Exclusion Act of May 6, 1882 

{22 Statutes-at-Large 58) 



Provisions: 

a. Suspended immigration of Chinese laborers to the United States for ten years. 

b. Permitted Chinese laborers already in the United States to remain in the 
country after a temporary absence. 

c. Provided for deportation of Chinese illegally in the United States. 

d. Barred Chinese from naturalization. 

e. Permitted the entry of Chinese students, teachers, merchants, or those 
"proceeding to the United States ... from curiosity." 

On December 17, 1943, the Chinese exclusion laws were repealed. 



16. Immigration Act of August 3, 1882 

{22 Statules-at-Large 214) 



First general immigration law, established a system of central control of 
immigration through State Boards under the Secretary of the Treasury. Provisions: 

a. Broadened restrictions on immigration by adding to the classes of 
inadmissible aliens, including persons likely to become a public charge. 

b. Introduced a tax of 50 cents on each passenger brought to the United States. 



17. Act OF February 26, 1885 

(23 Statutes-at-Large 332) 



The first "Contract Labor Law," made it unlawful to import aliens into the United 
States under contract for the performance of labor or services of any kind. 
Exceptions were for aliens temporarily in the United States engaging other 
foreigners as secretaries, servants, or domestics; actors, artists, lecturers, and 
domestic servants; and skilled aliens working in an industry not yet established in 
the United States. 



18. Act OF February 23, 1887 

{24 Statutes-at-Large 414) 



Amended the Contract Labor Law to render it enforceable by charging the Secretary 
of the Treasury with enforcement of the act and providing that prohibited persons be 
sent back on arrival. 



19. Act OF March 3, 1887 

{24 Statutes-at-Large 476) 



Restricted the ownership of real estate in the United States to American citizens and 
those who have lawfully declared their intentions to become citizens, with certain 
specific exceptions. 



20. Act of October 19, 1888 

{25 Statutes-at-Large 566) 



First measure since the Aliens Act of 1798 to provide for expulsion of aliens — directed 
the return within one year after entry of any immigrant who had landed in violation of 
the contract labor laws (see acts of February 26, 1885 and February 23, 1887). 



21 . Immigration Act of March 3, 1891 

{26 Statutes-at-Large 1084) 



The first comprehensive law for national control of immigration. Provisions: 

a. Established the Bureau of Immigration under the Treasury Department to 
administer all immigration laws (except the Chinese Exclusion Act). 

b. Further restricted immigration by adding to the inadmissible classes persons 
likely to become public charges, persons suffering from certain contagious disease, 
felons, persons convicted of other crimes or misdemeanors, polygamists, aliens 
assisted by others by payment of passage, and forbade the encouragement of 
immigration by means of advertisement. 

c. Allowed the Secretary of the Treasury to prescribe rules for inspection along 
the borders of Canada, British Columbia, and Mexico so as not to obstruct or 
unnecessarily delay, impede, or annoy passengers in ordinary travel between these 
countries and the United States. 

d. Directed the deportation of any alien who entered the United States unlawfully. 



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Immigration and Naturalization Legislation 



22. Act of March 3, 1893 

{27 Statutes-al-Large 570) 



Provisions: 

a. Added to the reporting requirements regarding alien arrivals to the United 
States such new information as occupation, marital status, ability to read or write, 
amount of money in possession, and facts regarding physical and mental health. 
This information was needed to determine admissibility according to the expanding 
list of grounds for exclusion. 

b. Established boards of special inquiry to decide the admissibility of alien 
arrivals. 



23. Act of April 29, 1902 

(32 Statutes-al-Large 176) 



Extended the existing Chinese exclusion acts until such time as a new treaty with 
China was negotiated, and extended the application of the exclusion acts to insular 
territories of the United States, including the requirement of a certificate of 
residence, except in Hawaii. 



24. Act of February 14, 1903 

{32 Statutes-at-Large 825) 



Transferred the Bureau of Immigration to the newly-created Department of 
Commerce and Labor, and expanded the authority of the Commissioner-General of 
Immigration in the areas of rulemaking and enforcement of immigration laws. 



25. Immigration Act of March 3, 1903 

(32 Statutes-at-Large 1213) 



An extensive codification of existing immigration law. Provisions: 

a. Added to the list of inadmissible immigrants. 

b. First measure to provide for the exclusion of aliens on the grounds of 
proscribed opinions by excluding "anarchists, or persons who believe in, or 
advocate, the overthrow by force or violence the government of the United States, 
or of all government, or of all forms of law, or the assassination of public officials." 

c. Extended to three years after entry the period during which an alien who was 
inadmissible at the time of entry could be deported. 

d. Provided for the deportation of aliens who became public charges within two 
years after entry from causes existing prior to their landing. 

e. Reaffirmed the contract labor law (see the 1 885 act). 



26. Act of April 27, 1904 

(33 Statutes-at-Large 428) 



Reaffirmed and made permanent the Chinese exclusion laws, 
the territories from which Chinese were to be excluded. 



In addition, clarified 



27. Naturalization Act of June 29, 1906 

(34 Statutes-at-Large 596) 



Provisions: 

a. Combined the immigration and naturalization functions of the federal 
government, changing the Bureau of Immigration to the Bureau of Immigration and 
Naturalization. 

b. Established fundamental procedural safeguards regarding naturalization, such 
as fixed fees and uniform naturalization forms. 

c. Made knowledge of the English language a requirement for naturalization. 



28. Immigration Act of February 20, 1907 

(34 Statutes-at-Large 898) 



A major codifying act that incorporated and consolidated earlier legislation: 

a. Required aliens to declare intention of permanent or temporary stay in the 
United States and officially classified arriving aliens as immigrants and 
nonimmigrants, respectively. 

b. Increased the head tax to $4.00 (established by the Act of August 3, 1882 and 
raised subsequently). 

c. Added to the excludable classes imbeciles, feeble-minded persons, persons 



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Immigration and Naturalization Legislation 



Immigration Act of February 20, 1907 — cont. 



with physical or mental defects which may affect their ability to earn a living, 
persons afflicted with tuberculosis, children unaccompanied by their parents, 
persons who admitted the commission of a crime involving moral turpitude, and 
women coming to the United States for immoral purposes. 

d. Exempted from the provisions of the contract labor law professional actors, 
artists, singers, ministers, professors, and domestic servants. 

e. Extended from two to three years after entry authority to deport an alien who 
had become a public charge from causes which existed before the alien's entry. 

f. Authorized the President to refuse admission to certain persons when he was 
satisfied that their immigration was detrimental to labor conditions in the United 
States. This was aimed mainly at Japanese laborers. 

g. Created a Joint Commission on Immigration to make an investigation of the 
immigration system in the United States. The findings of this Commission were the 
basis for the comprehensive Immigration Act of 1917. 

h. Reaffirmed the requirement for manifesting of aliens arriving by water and 
added a like requirement with regard to departing aliens. 



29. White Slave Traffic Act of 
June 25, 1910 

(56 Statutes-at-Large 825) 



The Mann Act, prohibited the importation or interstate transportation of women for 
immoral purposes. 



30. Act of March 4, 1913 

{37 Statutes-at-Large 737) 



Divided the Department of Commerce and Labor into separate departments and 
transferred the Bureau of Immigration and Naturalization to the Department of 
Labor. It further divided the Bureau of Immigration and Naturalization into a 
separate Bureau of Immigration and Bureau of Naturalization, each headed by its 
own Commissioner. 



3 1 . Immigration Act of February 5, 1917 
(39 Statutes-at-Large 874) 



Codified all previously enacted exclusion provisions. In addition: 

a. Excluded illiterate aliens from entry. 

b. Expanded the list of aliens excluded for mental health and other reasons. 

c. Further restricted the immigration of Asian persons, creating the "barred 
zone" (known as the Asia-Pacific triangle), natives of which were declared 
inadmissible. 

d. Considerably broadened the classes of aliens deportable from the United States 
and introduced the requirement of deportation without statute of limitation in certain 
more serious cases. 



32. Act of May 22, 1918 

{40 Statutes-at-Large 559) 



"Entry and Departure Controls Act," authorized the President to control the 
departure and entry in times of war or national emergency of any alien whose 
presence was deemed contrary to public safety. 



33. Quota Law of May 19, 1921 

(42 Statutes-at-Large 5) 



The first quantitative immigration law. Provisions: 

a. Limited the number of aliens of any nationality entering the United States to 
three percent of the foreign-bom persons of that nationality who lived in the United 
States in 1910. Approximately 350,000 such aliens were permitted to enter each 
year as quota immigrants, mostly from Northern and Western Europe. 

b. Exempted from this limitation aliens who had resided continuously for at least 
one year immediately preceding their application in one of the independent 
countries of the Western Hemisphere; nonimmigrant aliens such as government 
officials and their households, aliens in transit through the United States, and 



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Immigration and Naturalization Legislation 



Quota Law of May 19, 1921 — cont. 



temporary visitors for business and pleasure; and aliens whose immigration is 
regulated by immigration treaty. 

c. Actors, artists, lecturers, singers, nurses, ministers, professors, aliens belonging 
to any recognized learned profession, and aliens employed as domestic servants 
were placed on a nonquota basis. 



34. Act of May 11, 1922 

{42 Statutes-at-Large 540) 



Extended the Act of May 19, 1921 for two years, with amendments: 

a. Changed from one year to five-years the residency requirement in a Western 
Hemisphere country. 

b. Authorized fines of transportation companies for transporting an inadmissible 
alien unless it was deemed that inadmissibility was not known to the company and 
could not have been discovered with reasonable diligence. 



35. Immigration Act of May 26, 1924 

(43 Statutes-at-Large 153) 



The first permanent limitation on immigration, established the "national origins 
quota system." In conjunction with the Immigration Act of 1917, governed 
American immigration policy until 1952 (see the Immigration and Nationality Act 
of 1952). 
Provisions: 

a. Contained two quota provisions: 

1 . In effect until June 30, 1927 — set the annual quota of any quota 
nationality at two percent of the number of foreign-born 
persons of such nationality resident in the continental United States in 
1890 (total quota- 164,667). 

2. From July 1 , 1 927 (later postponed to July 1 , 1 929) to December 3 1 , 
1952 — used the national origins quota system: the annual quota for 
any country or nationality had the same relation to 150,000 as the 
number of inhabitants in the continental United States in 1920 having 
that national origin had to the total number of inhabitants in the 
continental United States in 1920. 

Preference quota status was established for: unmarried children under 21; 
parents; spouses of U.S. citizens aged 21 and over; and for quota immigrants aged 
21 and over who are skilled in agriculture, together with their wives and dependent 
children under age 16. 

b. Nonquota status was accorded to: wives and unmarried children under 18 of U.S. 
citizens; natives of Western Hemisphere countries, with their families; nonimmigrants; 
and certain others. Subsequent amendments eliminated certain elements of this law's 
inherent discrimination against women but comprehensive elimination was not achieved 
until 1952 (see the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952). 

c. Established the "consular control system" of immigration by mandating that no 
alien may be permitted entrance to the United States without an unexpired 
immigration visa issued by an American consular officer abroad. Thus, the State 
Department and the Immigration and Naturalization Service shared control of 
immigration. 

d. Introduced the provision that, as a rule, no alien ineligible to become a citizen 
shall be admitted to the United States as an immigrant. This was aimed primarily at 
Japanese aliens. 

e. Imposed fines on transportation companies who landed aliens in violation of 
U.S. Immigration laws. 

f. Defined the term "immigrant" and designated all other alien entries into the 
United States as "nonimmigrant" (temporary visitor). Established classes of 
admission for nonimmigrant entries. 



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Immigration and Naturalization Legislation 



36. Act of May 28, 1924 

{43 Statutes-at-Large 240) 

37. Act of March 31, 1928 

(45 Statutes-at-Large 400) 



An appropriations law, provided for the establishment of the U.S. Border Patrol. 

Provided more time to work out computation of the quotas established by the 
Immigration Act of 1924 by postponing introduction of the quotas until July 1, 
1929. 



38. Act of April 2, 1928 

{45 Statutes-at-Large 401) 



Provided that the Immigration Act of 1924 was not to be construed to limit the right 
of American Indians to cross the border, but with the proviso that the right does not 
extend to members of Indian tribes by adoption. 



39. Registry Act of March 2, 1929 

{45 Statutes-at-Large 1512) 



Amended existing immigration law authorizing the establishment of a record of 
lawful admission for certain aliens not ineligible for citizenship when no record of 
admission for permanent residence could be found and the alien could prove 
entrance to the United States before July 1, 1924 (subsequently amended to June 3, 
1921 by the Act of August 7, 1939—53 Statutes-at-Large 1243). Later incorporated 
into the Alien Registration Act of 1940. 



40. Act of March 4, 1929 

{45 Statutes-at-Large 1551) 



Provisions: 

a. Added two deportable classes, consisting of aliens convicted of carrying any 
weapon or bomb and sentenced to any term of six months or more, and aliens 
convicted of violation of the prohibition law for which a sentence of one year or 
more is received. 

b. Made reentry of a previously deported alien a felony punishable by fine or 
imprisonment or both. 

c. Made entry by an alien at other than at a designated place or by fraud to be a 
misdemeanor punishable by fine or imprisonment or both. 

d. Deferred the deportation of an alien sentenced to imprisonment until the 
termination of the imprisonment. 



41 . Act of February 18, 1931 

{46 Statutes-at-Large 1171) 



Provided for the deportation of any alien convicted of violation of U.S. laws 
concerning the importation, exportation, manufacture, or sale of heroin, opium, or 
coca leaves. 



42. Act of March 17, 1932 

{47 Statutes-at-Large 67) 



Provisions: 

a. The contract labor laws were applicable to alien instrumental musicians 
whether coming for permanent residence or temporarily. 

b. Such aliens shall not be considered artists or professional actors under 
the terms of the Immigration Act of 1917, and thereby exempt from the 
contract labor laws, unless they are recognized to be of distinguished ability 
and are coming to fulfill professional engagements corresponding to such 
ability. 

c. If the alien qualifies for exemption under the above proviso, the Secretary of 
Labor later may prescribe such conditions, including bonding, as will insure the 
alien's departure at the end of his engagement. 



43. Act of May 2, 1932 

{47 Statutes-at-Large 145) 



Amended the Immigration Act of 1917, doubling the allocation for enforcement of 
the contract labor laws. 



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44. Act of July 1, 1932 

(47 Statutes-at-Large 524) 



Amended the Immigration Act of 1924, providing that the specified classes of 
nonimmigrant aliens be admitted for a prescribed period of time and under such 
conditions, including bonding where deemed necessary, as would ensure departure 
at the expiration of the prescribed time or upon failure to maintain the status under 
which admitted. 



45. Act of July 11, 1932 

(47 Statutes-at-Large 656) 



Provided exemption from quota limits (i.e., give nonquota status) the husbands of 
American citizens, provided that the marriage occurred prior to issuance of the visa 
and prior to July 1, 1932. Wives of citizens were accorded nonquota status 
regardless of the time of marriage. 



46. Act of June 15, 1935 

(49 Statutes-at-Large 376) 



Designated as a protection for American seamen, repealed the laws giving privileges of 
citizenship regarding service on and protection by American vessels to aliens having 
their first papers (i.e., having made declaration of intent to become American citizens). 



47. Act of May 14, 1937 

(50 Statutes-at-Large 164) 



Made deportable any alien who at any time after entering the United States: 

a. was found to have secured a visa through fraud by contracting a marriage 
which subsequent to entry into the United States had been judicially annulled 
retroactively to the date of the marriage; or 

b. failed or refused to fulfill his promises for a marital agreement made to 
procure his entry as an immigrant. 



48. Act OF June 14, 1940 

(54 Statutes-at-Large 230) 



Presidential Reorganization Plan, transferred the Immigration and Naturalization 
Service from the Department of Labor to the Department of Justice as a national 
security measure. 



49. Alien Registration Act of 
June 28, 1940 

(54 Statutes-at-Large 670) 



Provisions: 

a. Required registration of all ahens and fingerprinting those over 14 years of age. 

b. Established additional deportable classes, including aliens convicted of 
smuggling, or assisting in the illegal entry of, other aliens. 

c. Amended the Act of October 16, 1919, making past membership — in addition 
to present membership — in proscribed organizations and subversive classes of 
aliens grounds for exclusion and deportation. 

d. Amended the Immigration Act of 1917, authorizing, in certain meritorious 
cases, voluntary departure in lieu of deportation, and suspension of deportation. 



50. Act of July 1, 1940 

(54 Statutes-at-Large 711) 



Amended the Immigration Act of 1924, requiring aliens admitted as officials of 
foreign governments to maintain their status or depart. 



51. Nationality Act of October 14, 1940 

(Effective January 13, 1941 as 
54 Statutes-at-Large 1137) 



Codified and revised the naturalization, citizenship, and expatriation laws to 
strengthen the national defense. The naturalization and nationality regulations were 
rewritten and the forms used in naturalization proceedings were revised. 



52. Public Safety Act of June 20, 1941 

{55 Statutes-at-Large 252) 



Directed a consular officer to refuse a visa to any alien seeking to enter the United 
States for the purpose of engaging in activities which would endanger the safety of 
the United States. 



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Immigration and Naturalization Legislation 



53. Act OF June 21, 1941 

(55 Statutes-at-Large 252) 



Extended the Act of May 22, 1918 — gave the President power, during a time of 
national emergency or war, to prevent departure from or entry into the United States. 



54. Act of December 8, 1942 

(56 Statutes-at-Large 1044) 



Amended the Immigration Act of 1917, altering the reporting procedure in 
suspension of deportation cases to require the Attorney General to report such 
suspensions to Congress on the first and fifteenth of each month that Congress is in 
session. 



55. Act of April 29, 1943 

{57 Statutes-at-Large 70) 



Provided for the importation of temporary agricultural laborers to the United States 
from North, South, and Central America to aid agriculture during World War II. 
This program was later extended through 1947, then served as the legal basis of the 
Mexican "Bracero Program," which lasted through 1964. 



56. Act of December 17, 1943 

{57 Statutes-at-Large 600) 



Amended the Alien Registration Act of 1940, adding to the classes eligible for 
naturalization Chinese persons or persons of Chinese descent. A quota of 105 per 
year was established (effectively repealing the Chinese Exclusion laws — see the Act 
of May 6, 1882). 



57. Act of February 14, 1944 

(58 Statutes-at-Large U) 



Provided for the importation of temporary workers from countries in the Western 
Hemisphere pursuant to agreements with such countries for employment in 
industries and services essential to the war efforts. Agreements were 
subsequently made with British Honduras, Jamaica, Barbados, and the British 
West Indies. 



58. War Brides Act of 

December 28, 1945 

{59 Statutes-at-Large 659) 



Waived visa requirements and provisions of immigration law excluding physical 
and mental defectives when they concerned members of the American armed forces 
who, during World War II, had married nationals of foreign countries. 



59. G.I. Fiancees Act of June 29, 1946 
{60 Statutes-at-lMrge 339) 



Facilitated the admission to the United States of fiance(e)s of members of the 
American armed forces. 



60. Act of July 2, 1946 

{60 Statutes-at-Large 416) 



Amended the Immigration Act of 1917, granting the privilege of admission to the 
United States as quota immigrants and eligibility for naturalization races indigenous 
to India and persons of Filipino descent. 



61 . Act of August 9, 1946 

{60 Statutes-at-Large 975) 

62. Act of June 28, 1947 

{61 Statutes-at-Large 190) 



Gave nonquota status to Chinese wives of American citizens. 



Extended by six months the Attomey General's authority to admit alien fiance(e)s 
of veterans as temporary visitors pending marriage. 



63. Act of May 25, 1948 

{62 Statutes-at-Large 268) 



Amended the Act of October 16, 1918, providing for the expulsion and 
exclusion of anarchists and similar classes, and gave the Attorney General 
similar powers to exclude as the Secretary of State had through the refusal of 
immigration visas. 



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64. Displaced Persons Act 

OF June 25, 1948 

{62 Statutes-at-Large 1009) 



First expression of U.S. policy for admitting persons fleeing persecution. Permitted 
the admission of up to 205,000 displaced persons during the two-year period 
beginning July 1, 1948 (chargeable against future year's quotas). Aimed at reducing 
the problem created by the presence in Germany, Austria, and Italy of more than one 
million displaced persons. 



65. Act OF July 1, 1948 

(62 Statutes-at-Large 1206) 



Amended the Immigration Act of 1917. Provisions: 

a. Made available suspension of deportation to aliens even though they were 
ineligible for naturalization by reason of race. 

b. Set condition for suspension of deportation that an alien shall have proved 
good moral character for the preceding five years, and that the Attorney General 
finds that deportation would result in serious economic detriment to a citizen or 
legal resident and closely related alien, or the alien has resided continuously in the 
United States for seven years or more. 



66. Central Intelligence Agency Act 
OF June 20, 1949 

(63 Statutes-at-Large 208) 



Authorized the admission of a limited number of aliens in the interest of national 
security. Provided that whenever the Director of the Central Intelligence 
Agency, the Attorney General, and the Commissioner of Immigration determine 
that the entry of a particular alien into the United States for permanent residence 
is in the national security or essential to the furtherance of the national 
intelligence mission, such jdien and his immediate family may be given entry 
into the United States for permanent residence without regard to their 
admissibility under any laws and regulations or to their failure to comply with 
such laws and regulations pertaining to admissibility. The number was not to 
exceed 1 00 persons per year. 



67. Agricultural Act of October 31, 1949 

(63 Statutes-at-Large 1051) 



Facilitated the entry of seasonal farm workers to meet labor shortages in the United 
States. Further extension of the Mexican Bracero Program. 



68. Act of June 16, 1950 

(64 Statutes-at-Large 219) 



Amended the Displaced Persons Act of 1948. Provisions: 

a. Extended the act to June 30, 1951 and its application to war orphans and 
German expellees and refugees to July 1, 1952. 

b. Increased the total of persons who could be admitted under the act to 415,744. 



69. Act of June 30, 1950 

(64 Statutes-at-Large 306) 



Provided relief to the sheepherding industry by authorizing that, during a one-year 
period, 250 special quota immigration visas be issued to skilled sheepherders 
chargeable to oversubscribed quotas. 



70. Act of August 19, 1950 

(64 Statutes-at-Large 464) 



Made spouses and minor children of members of the American armed forces, 
regardless of the alien's race, eligible for immigration and nonquota status if 
marriage occurred before March 19, 1952. 



7 1 . Internal Security Act 

of September 22, 1950 

(64 Statutes-at-Large 987) 



Amended various immigration laws with a view toward strengthening security 
screening in cases of aliens in the United States or applying for entry. 
Provisions: 

a. Present and former membership in the Communist party or any other 
totalitarian party or its affiliates was specifically made a ground for inadmissibility. 



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Internal Security Act of 
September 22, 1950 — cont. 



b. Aliens in the United States who, at the time of their entry or by reason of 
subsequent actions, would have been inadmissible under the provisions of the 
Internal Security Act, were made deportable regardless of the length of their 
residence in the United States. 

c. The discretion of the Attorney General in admitting otherwise inadmissible 
aliens temporarily, and in some instances permanently, was curtailed or eliminated. 

d. The Attorney General was given authority to exclude and deport without a 
hearing an alien whose admission would be prejudicial to the public interest if the 
Attorney General's finding was based on confidential information the disclosure of 
which would have been prejudicial to the public interest of the United States. 

e. The Attorney General was given authority to supervise deportable aliens 
pending their deportation and also was given greater latitude in selecting the country 
of deportation. However, deportation of an alien was prohibited to any country in 
which the alien would be subject to physical persecution. 

f Any alien deportable as a subversive criminal, or member of the immoral 
classes who willfully failed to depart from the United States within six months after 
the issuance of the deportation order was made liable to criminal prosecution and 
could be imprisoned for up to ten years. 

g. Every alien residing in the United States subject to alien registration was 
required to notify the Commissioner of Immigration and Naturalization of his 
address within ten days of each January 1st in which he resided in the United States. 



72. Act of March 28, 1951 

(65 Statutes-at-Large 28) 



Provisions: 

a. Gave the Attorney General authority to amend the record of certain aliens who 
were admitted only temporarily because of affiliations other than Communist. 

b. Interpreted the Act of October 16, 1918 regarding exclusion and expulsion of 
aliens to include only voluntary membership or affiliation with a Communist 
organization and to exclude cases where the person in question was under sixteen 
years of age, or where it was for the purpose of obtaining employment, food rations, 
or other necessities. 



73. Act of July 12, 1951 

(65 Statutes-at-Large 119) 



Amended the Agricultural Act of 1949, serving as the basic framework under which 
the Mexican Bracero Program operated until 1962. Provided that: 

a. The U.S. government establish and operate reception centers at or near the 
Mexican border; provide transportation, subsistence, and medical care from the 
Mexican recruiting centers to the U.S. reception centers; and guarantee performance 
by employers in matters relating to transportation and wages, including all forms of 
remuneration. 

b. U.S. employers pay the prevailing wages in the area; guarantee the workers 
employment for three-fourths of the contract period; and provide workers with free 
housing and adequate meals at a reasonable cost. 



74. Act of March 20, 1952 

{66 Statutes-at-Large 26) 



Provisions: 

a. Amended the Immigration Act of 1917, making it a felony to bring in or 
willfully induce an alien unlawfully to enter or reside in the United States. 
However, the usual and normal practices incident to employment were not deemed 
to constitute harboring. 

b. Defined further the powers of the Border Patrol, giving officers of the 
Immigration and Naturalization Service authority to have access to private lands, but 
not dwellings, within 25 miles of an external boundary for the purpose of patrolling 
the border to prevent the illegal entry of aliens. 



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Immigration and Naturalization Legislation 



75. Act of April 9, 1952 

(66 Statutes-at-Large 50) 

76. Immigration and Nationality Act 

OF June 27, 1952 (INA) 
(66 Statutes-at-Large 163) 



Added the issuance of 500 immigration visas to sheepherders. 



Brought into one comprehensive statute the multiple laws which, before its 
enactment, governed immigration and naturalization in the United States. In 
general, perpetuated the immigration policies from earlier statutes with the 
following significant modifications: 

a. Made all races eligible for naturalization, thus eliminating race as a bar to 
immigration. 

b. Eliminated discrimination between sexes with respect to immigration. 

c. Revised the national origins quota system of the Immigration Act of 1924 by 
changing the national origins quota formula; set the annual quota for an area at 
one-sixth of one percent of the number of inhabitants in the continental United 
States in 1920 whose ancestry or national origin was attributable to that area. All 
countries were allowed a minimum quota of 100, with a ceiling of 2,000 on most 
natives of countries in the Asia-Pacific triangle, which broadly encompassed the 
Asian countries. 

d. Introduced a system of selected immigration by giving a quota preference to 
skilled aliens whose services are urgently needed in the United States and to 
relatives of U.S. citizens and aliens. 

e. Placed a limit on the use of the governing country's quota by natives of 
colonies and dependent areas. 

f. Provided an "escape clause" permitting the immigration of certain former 
voluntary members of proscribed organizations. 

g. Broadened the grounds for exclusion and deportation of aliens. 

h. Provided procedures for the adjustment of status of nonimmigrant aliens to that 
of permanent resident aliens. 

i. Modified and added significantly to the existing classes of nonimmigrant 
admission. 

j. Afforded greater procedural safeguards to aliens subject to deportation. 

k. Introduced the alien address report system whereby all aliens in the United 
States (including most temporary visitors) were required annually to report their 
current address to the INS. 

I. Established a central index of all aliens in the United States for use by security 
and enforcement agencies. 

m. Repealed the ban on contract labor (see Act of March 30, 1 868) but added 
other qualitative exclusions. 



77. Refugee Relief Act of August 7, 1953 

(67 Statutes-at-Large 400) 



Authorized the issuance of special nonquota visas allowing 214,000 aliens to 
become permanent residents of the United States, in addition to those whose 
admission was authorized by the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952. 



78. Act of September 3, 1954 

(68 Statutes-at-Large 1145) 



Provisions: 

a. Made special nonquota immigrant visas available to certain skilled 
sheepherders for a period of up to one year. 

b. Exempted from inadmissibility to the United States aliens who had committed 
no more than one petty offense. 



79. Act of September 3, 1954 

(68 Statutes-at-Large 1146) 



Provided for the expatriation of persons convicted of engaging in a conspiracy to 
overthrow or levy war against the U.S. government. 



A.1-12 



.PPENDIX 1 



Immigration and Naturalization Legislation 



80. Act of July 24, 1957 

{71 Slalules-at-Large 311) 

81 . Act of August 30, 1957 

(71 Statutes-at-Large 518) 



Permitted enlistment of aliens into the regular Army. 



Exempted aliens who were survivors of certain deceased members of the U.S. armed 
forces from provisions of the Social Security Act which prohibited the payment of 
benefits to aliens outside the United States. 



82. Refugee-Escapee Act 

OF September 11, 1957 

(71 Slatutes-at-Large 639) 



Provisions: 

a. Addressed the problem of quota oversubscription by removing the 
"mortgaging" of immigrant quotas imposed under the Displaced Persons Act of 
1948 and other subsequent acts. 

b. Provided for the granting of nonquota status to aliens qualifying under the 
first three preference groups on whose behalf petitions had been filed by a 
specified date. 

c. Facilitated the admission into the United States of stepchildren, illegitimate 
children, and adopted children. 

d. Conferred first preference status on spouse and children of first preference 
immigrants if following to join the immigrant. 

e. Set an age limit of fourteen for the adoption of orphans to qualify for nonquota 
status and further defined which orphans were eligible under the act. 

f Gave the Attorney General authority to admit certain aliens formerly 
excludable from the United States. 



83. Act OF July 25, 1958 

(72 Statutes-at-Large 419) 



Granted admission for permanent residence to Hungarian parolees of at least two 
years' residence in the United States, on condition that the alien was admissible at 
time of entry and still admissible. 



84. Act of August 21, 1958 

(72 Statutes-at-Large 699) 



Authorized the Attorney General to adjust nonimmigrant aliens from temporary to 
permanent resident status subject to visa availability. 



85. Act of September 22, 1959 

(73 Statutes-at-Large 644) 



Facilitated the entry of fiance(e)s and relatives of alien residents and citizens of the 
United States by reclassifying certain categories of relatives into preference portions 
of the immigration quotas. This was designed to assist in reuniting families both on 
a permanent basis, through the amendments to the Immigration and Nationality Act 
of 1952, and through temporary programs. 



86. Act of July 14, 1960 

(74 Statutes-at-Large 504) 



"Fair Share Refugee Act." 
Provisions: 

a. Authorized the Attorney General to parole up to 500 alien refugee-escapees 
and make them eligible for permanent residence. 

b. Amended the Act of September 2, 1958 to extend it to June 30, 1962. 

c. Amended the Act of September 11, 1957, which provided special nonquota 
immigrant visas for adopted or to-be-adopted orphans under 14 years of age, 
extending it to June 30, 1961. 

d. Amended the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952, adding possession of 
marijuana to the sections concerning excludable and deportable offenses. 

e. Made alien seamen ineligible for adjustment from temporary to permanent 
resident status. 



A.1-13 



.PPENDIX 1 



Immigration and Naturalization Legislation 



87. Act of August 17, 1961 

(75 Slatutes-at-Large 364) 



Provided that, in peacetime, no volunteer is to be accepted into the Army or Air 
Force unless the person is a citizen or an alien admitted for permanent residence. 



88. Act of September 26, 1961 

(75 Slatutes-at-Large 650) 



Liberalized the quota provisions of the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952: 

a. Eliminated the ceiling of 2,000 on the aggregate quota of the Asia-Pacific triangle. 

b. Provided that whenever one or more quota areas have a change of boundaries 
which might lessen their aggregate quota, they were to maintain the quotas they had 
before the change took place. 

c. Codified and made permanent the law for admission of adopted children. 

d. Established a single statutory form of judicial review of orders of deportation. 

e. Insured a minimum quota of 100 for newly independent nations. 

f. Called for the omission of information on race and ethnic origin from the visa 
application. 

g. Strengthened the law against the fraudulent gaining of nonquota status by 
marriage. 

h. Authorized the Public Health Service to determine which diseases are 
dangerous and contagious in constituting grounds for exclusion. 



89. Act of October 24, 1962 

(76 Statutes-at-Large 1247) 



Provisions: 

a. Granted nonquota immigrant visas for certain aliens eligible for fourth 
preference (i.e., brothers, sisters, and children of citizens) and for first preference 
(i.e., aliens with special occupational skills). 

b. Called for a semimonthly report to Congress from the Attorney General of first 
preference petitions approved. 

c. Created a record of lawful entry and provided for suspension of deportation for 
aliens who have been physically present in the United States for at least seven years 
in some cases and ten years in others. 



90. Act of December 13, 1963 

(77 Statutes-at-Large 363) 

91. Immigration and Nationality Act 

Amendments of October 3, 1965 

(79 Statutes-at-Large 911) 



Extended the Mexican Bracero Program one additional year to December 31, 1964. 



Provisions: 

a. Abolished the national origins quota system (see the Immigration Act of 1924 
and the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952), eliminating national origin, race, 
or ancestry as a basis for immigration to the United States. 

b. Established allocation of immigrant visas on a first come, first served basis, 
subject to a seven-category preference system for relatives of U.S. citizens and 
permanent resident aliens (for the reunification of families) and for persons with 
special occupational skills, abilities, or training (needed in the United States). 

c. Established two categories of immigrants not subject to numerical restrictions: 

1 . Immediate relatives (spouses, children, parents) of U.S. citizens, and 

2. Special immigrants: certain ministers of religion; certain former 
employees of the U.S. government abroad; certain persons who lost 
citizenship (e.g., by marriage or by service in foreign armed forces); and 
certain foreign medical graduates. 

d. Maintained the principle of numerical restriction, expanding limits to world 
coverage by limiting Eastern Hemisphere immigration to 170,000 and placing a 
ceiling on Western Hemisphere immigration (120,000) for the first time. However, 
neither the preference categories nor the 20,000 per-country limit were applied to 
the Western Hemisphere. 



-14 



.PPENDIX 1 



Immigration and Naturalization Legislation 



Immigration and Nationality Act 
Amendments of October 3, 1965 — cont. 



e. Introduced a prerequisite for the issuance of a visa of an affirmative finding by 
the Secretary of Labor that an alien seeking to enter as a worker will not replace a 
worker in the United States nor adversely affect the wages and working conditions 
of similarly employed individuals in the United States. 



92. Freedom of Information Act 
OF July 4, 1966 

(80 Statutes-at-Large 250) 



Provisions; 

a. Established that the record of every proceeding before the INS in an 
individual's case be made available to the alien or his attorney of record. 

b. Required that public reading rooms be established in each Central and District 
office of the INS, where copies of INS decisions could be made available to the 
public. 

Effective July 4, 1967. 



93. Act of November 2, 1966 

(80 Statutes-at-Large 1161) 



Authorized the Attorney General to adjust the status of Cuban refugees to that of 
permanent resident alien, chargeable to the 120,000 annual limit for the Western 
Hemisphere. 



94. Act of November 6, 1966 

(80 Statutes-at-Large 1322) 



Provisions: 

a. Extended derivative citizenship to children bom on or after December 24, 1952 
of civilian U.S. citizens serving abroad. 

b. Provided that time spent abroad by U.S. citizens (or their dependent children) 
in the employ of the U.S. Government or certain international organizations could be 
treated as physical presence in the United States for the purpose of transmitting U.S. 
citizenship to children bom abroad. 



95. Act of December 18, 1967 

(81 Statutes-at-Large 661) 



Facilitated the expeditious naturalization of certain noncitizen employees of U.S. 
nonprofit organizations. 



96. Act of June 19, 1968 

(82 Statutes-at-Large 197) 



Omnibus crimes control and safe streets legislation, declared it illegal for aliens who 
are illegally in the country and for former citizens who have renounced their 
citizenship to receive, possess, or transport a firearm. 



97. Act of October 24, 1968 

(82 Statutes-at-Large 1343) 



Amended the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952, providing for expeditious 
naturalization of noncitizens who have rendered honorable services in the U.S. 
armed forces during the Vietnam conflict, or in other periods of military 
hostilities. 



98. Act of April 7, 1970 

(84 Statutes-at-Large 116) 



Provisions: 

a. Created two new classes of nonimmigrant admission — fiance(e)s of U.S. 
citizens and intracompany transferees. 

b. Modified the H 1 temporary worker class of nonimmigrant admission (workers of 
distinguished merit and ability). 

c. Altered the provisions of the law regarding the two-year residence 
requirement, making it easier for nonimmigrants who have been in the United 
States as exchange visitors to adjust to a different nonimmigrant status or to 
permanent resident status. 



A.1-15 



.PPENDIX 1 



Immigration and Naturalization Legislation 



99. Act of August 10, 1971 

{85 Statutes-at-Large 302) 



Amended the Communications Act of 1934, providing that lawful permanent 
resident aliens be permitted to operate amateur radio stations in the United States 
and hold licenses for their stations. 



100. Act OF September 28, 1971 

(85 Statutes-at-Large 348) 



Amended the Selective Service Act of 1967. Provided that: 

a. Registration for the selective service shall not be applicable to any alien 
admitted to the United States as a nonimmigrant as long as he continues to maintain 
a lawful nonimmigrant status in the United States. 

b. No alien residing in the United States for less than one year shall be inducted 
for training and service into the U.S. armed forces. 



101. Act OF October 27, 1972 

{86 Statutes-at-Large 1289) 



Reduced restrictions concerning residence requirements for retention of U.S. 
citizenship acquired by birth abroad through a U.S. citizen parent and an alien parent. 



102. Social Security Act Amendments 
OF October 30, 1972 

{86 Statutes-at-Large 1329) 



Amended the Social Security Act, providing that Social Security numbers be 
assigned to aliens at the time of their lawful admission to the United States for 
permanent residence or temporarily to engage in lawful employment. 



103. Act of October 20, 1974 

{88 Statutes-at-Large 1387) 



Repealed the "Coolie Trade" legislation of 1862. Such legislation, passed to protect 
Chinese and Japanese aliens from exploitation caused by discriminatory treatment 
from immigration laws then in effect, had become virtually inoperative because 
most of the laws singling out oriental peoples had been repealed or modified. 



104. Indochina Migration and Refugee 

Assistance Act of May 23, 1975 

{89 Statutes-at-Large 87) 

105. Act OF June 21, 1976 

{90 Statutes-at-Large 691) 



Established a program of domestic resettlement assistance for refugees who have 
fled from Cambodia and Vietnam. 



Made Laotians eligible for programs established by the Indochina Migration and 
Refugee Assistance Act of 1975. 



106. Act of October 12, 1976 

{90 Statutes-at-Large 2243) 



Placed restrictions on foreign medical school graduates (both immigrants and 
nonimmigrants) coming to the United States for practice or training in the medical 
profession. Effective January 10, 1977. 



107. Immigration and Nationality Act 
Amendments of October 20, 1976 

{90 Statutes-at-Large 2703) 



1 08. Act of October 20, 1976 

Effective January 1, 1978 
{90 Statutes-at-Large 2706) 



Provisions: 

a. Applied the same 20,000 per-country limit to the Western Hemisphere as 
applied to the Eastern Hemisphere. 

b. Slightly modified the seven-category preference system and applied it to the 
Western Hemisphere. 

c. Amended the 1966 act, providing that Cuban refugees who are adjusted to permanent 
resident status will not be charged to any numerical limitation, provided they were 
physically present in the United States on or before the effective date of these amendments. 

Denied unemployment compensation to aliens not lawfully admitted for permanent 
residence or otherwise permanently residing in the United States under color of law. 



A.1-16 



.PPENDIX 1 



Immigration and Naturalization Legislation 



109. Act of August 1, 1977 

(91 Statutes-at-Large 394) 



Eased restrictions on foreign medical school graduates, e.g., exempted aliens who are 
of national or international renown in the field of medicine, and exempted certain 
alien physicians already in the United States from the examination requirement. (See 
Act of October 12, 1976.) 



1 10. Act of October 28, 1977 

{91 Statutes-at-Large 1223) 



Provisions: 

a. Permitted adjustment to permanent resident status for Indochinese refugees 
who are natives or citizens of Vietnam, Laos, or Cambodia, were physically present 
in the United States for at least two years, and were admitted or paroled into the 
United States during specified periods of time. 

b. Extended the time hmit during which refugee assistance may be provided to 
such refugees. 



111. Act of October 5, 1978 

{92 Statutes-at-Large 907) 



Combined the separate ceilings for Eastern and Western Hemisphere immigration 
into one worldwide limit of 290,000. 



112. Act of October 5, 1978 

{92 Statutes-at-Large 917) 



Provisions: 

a. Made several changes pertaining to the adoption of alien children, including 
permission for U.S. citizens to petition for the classification of more than two alien 
orphans as immediate relatives. 

b. Eliminated the requirement of confinuous residence in the United States for 
two years prior to filing for naturalization. 



113. Act of October 7, 1978 

{92 Statutes-at-Large 963) 



Made permanent the President's authority to regulate the entry of aliens and to 
require U.S. citizens to bear valid passports when entering or leaving the United 
States: 

a. Called for unrestricted use of passports to and in any country other than a 
country with which the United States is at war, where armed hostilities are in 
progress, or where there is imminent danger to the public health or the physical 
safety of U.S. travelers. 

b. Declared it the general policy of the United States to impose restrictions on travel 
within the United States by citizens of another country only when the government of 
that country imposes restrictions on travel of U.S. citizens within that country. 



114. Act of October 14, 1978 

{92 Statutes-at-Large 1263) 



Required any alien who acquires or transfers any interest in agricultural land to submit 
a report to the Secretary of Agriculture within 90 days after acquisition or transfer. 



115. Act of October 30, 1978 

{92 Statutes-at-Large 2065) 



Provided for the exclusion and expulsion of aliens who persecuted others on the 
basis of race, religion, national origin, or political opinion under the direction of the 
Nazi government of Germany or its allies. 



116. Act OF November 2, 1978 

{92 Statutes-at-Large 2479) 



Provided for the seizure and forfeiture of vessels, vehicles, and aircraft used in 
smuggling aliens or knowingly transporting aliens to the United States illegally. An 
exception was made where the owner or person in control did not consent to the 
illegal act. 



A.1-17 



lPPENDIX 1 



Immigration and Naturalization Legislation 



1 17. Panama Canal Act of 

September 27, 1979 

(93 Statutes-at-Large 452) 



Allowed admission as permanent residents to certain aliens with employment on or 
before 1977 with the Panama Canal Company, the Canal Zone government, or the 
U.S. government in the Canal Zone, and their families. 



118. Refugee Act of March 17, 1980 

(94 Statutes-at-Large 102) 



Provided the first permanent and systematic procedure for the admission and 
effective resettlement of refugees of special humanitarian concern to the United 
States: 

a. Eliminated refugees as a category of the preference system. 

b. Set the worldwide ceiling of immigration to the United States at 270,000, 
exclusive of refugees. 

c. Established procedures for annual consultation with Congress on numbers and 
allocations of refugees to be admitted in each fiscal year, as well as procedures for 
responding to emergency refugee situations. 

d. Defined the term "refugee" (to conform to the 1967 United Nations Protocol on 
Refugees) and made clear the distinction between refugee and asylee status. 

e. Established a comprehensive program for domestic resettlement of refugees. 

f. Provided for adjustment to permanent resident status of refugees who have 
been physically present in the United States for at least one year and of asylees one 
year after asylum is granted. 



119. Refugee Education Assistance Act 
OF October 10, 1980 

(94 Statutes-at-Large 1799) 



Established a program of formula grants to State education agencies for basic 
education of refugee children. Also provided for services to Cuban and Haitian 
entrants identical to those for refugees under the Refugee Act of 1980. 



120. Act of June 5, 1981 

(95 Statutes-at-Large 14) 



Supplemental appropriations and rescissions bill, reduced previously-appropriated 
funds for migration and refugee assistance, including funds provided for reception 
and processing of Cuban and Haitian entrants. 



121. Act of August 13, 1981 

(95 Statutes-at-Large 357) 



Federal appropriations bill for fiscal year 1982, also contained items restricting the 
access of aliens to various publicly-funded benefits. Immigration-related provisions: 

a. Precluded the Secretary of HUD from making financial assistance available to 
any alien unless that alien is a resident of the United States by virtue of admission or 
adjustment as a permanent resident alien, refugee or asylee, parolee, conditional 
entrant, or pursuant to withholding of deportation. Alien visitors, tourists, 
diplomats, and students were specifically excluded. 

b. Severely restricted eligibility of aliens to Aid to Families with Dependent 
Children. 



122. Immigration and Nationality Act 
Amendments of December 20, 1981 

(95 Statutes-at-Large 1611) 



"INS Efficiency Bill," amended the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952 and 
the Act of November 2, 1978: 

a. Authorized INS to seize vehicles without having to establish whether the 
owner was involved in the illegal activity in question. 

b. Eliminated the requirement that the government bear administrative and 
incidental expenses where an innocent owner is involved. 

c. Eliminated the requirement that the INS satisfy any valid lien or other third 
party interest in a vehicle without expense to the interest holder. 

d. Eliminated the required annual notification by aliens of their current address. 



A.1-18 



.PPENDIX 1 



Immigration and Naturalization Legislation 



123. Act of September 30, 1982 

{96 Statutes-at-Large 1157) 



Allowed admission as permanent residents to certain nonimmigrant aliens residing 
in the Virgin Islands. 



1 24. Act of October 2, 1982 

{96 Statutes-at-Large 1186) 



Greatly limited the categories of aliens to whom the Legal Services Corporation 
may provide legal assistance. 



125. Act of October 22, 1982 

(96 Statutes-at-Large 17 IS) 



Provided that children born of U.S. citizen fathers in Korea, Vietnam, Laos, 
Kampuchea, or Thailand after 1950 and before enactment, may come to the United 
States as immediate relatives or as first or fourth preference immigrants. 



126. Immigration Reform and Control 
Act of November 6, 1986 (IRCA) 

(100 Statutes-at-Large 3359) 



Comprehensive immigration legislation: 

a. Authorized legalization (i.e., temporary and then permanent resident status) for 
aliens who had resided in the United States in an unlawful status since January 1, 
1982 (entering illegally or as temporary visitors with authorized stay expiring before 
that date or with the Government's knowledge of their unlawful status before that 
date) and are not excludable. 

b. Created sanctions prohibiting employers from knowingly hiring, recruiting, or 
referring for a fee aliens not authorized to work in the United States. 

c. Increased enforcement at U.S. borders. 

d. Created a new classification of seasonal agricultural worker and provisions for 
the legalization of certain such workers. 

e. Extended the registry date (i.e., the date from which an alien has resided 
illegally and continuously in the United States and thus qualifies for adjustment to 
permanent resident status) from June 30, 1948 to January 1, 1972. 

f. Authorized adjustment to permanent resident status for Cubans and Haitians 
who entered the United States without inspection and had continuously resided in 
country since January 1, 1982. 

g. Increased the numerical limitation for immigrants admitted under the 
preference system for dependent areas from 600 to 5,000 beginning in fiscal year 
1988. 

h. Created a new special immigrant category for certain retired employees of 
international organizations and their families and a new nonimmigrant status for 
parents and children of such immigrants. 

i. Created a nonimmigrant Visa Waiver Pilot program allowing certain aliens to 
visit the United States without applying for a nonimmigrant visa. 

j. Allocated 5,000 nonpreference visas in each of fiscal years 1987 and 1988 for 
aliens bom in countries from which immigration was adversely affected by the 1965 
act. 



1 27. Immigration Marriage Fraud 
Amendments of November 10, 1986 

(100 Statutes-at-Large 3537) 



Provisions; 

a. Stipulated that aliens deriving their immigrant status based on a marriage of 
less than two years are conditional immigrants. To remove conditional status, the 
alien must apply within 90 days after their second-year anniversary of receiving 
conditional status. 

b. Required alien fiance(e)s of U.S. citizens to have met their citizen petitioner in 
person within two years of the date the petifion was filed. 



A.1-19 



.PPENDIX 1 



Immigration and Naturalization Legislation 



128. Amerasi AN Homecoming Act 
OF December 22, 1987 

(101 Statutes-at-Large 1329) 



An appropriations law providing for admission of children bom in Vietnam between 
specified dates to Vietnamese mothers and American fathers, together with their 
immediate relatives. They are admitted as nonquota immigrants but receive refugee 
program benefits. 



1 29. Act of September 28, 1988 

(102 Statutes-at-Large 1876) 



United States-Canada Free-Trade Agreement Implementation Act: 

a. Facilitated temporary entry on a reciprocal basis between the United States and 
Canada. 

b. Established procedures for the temporary entry into the United States of 
Canadian citizen professional business persons to render services for remuneration. 

c. No nonimmigrant visa, prior petition, labor certification, or prior approval 
required, but appropriate documentation must be presented to the inspecting officer 
establishing Canadian citizenship and professional engagement in one of the 
occupations listed in the qualifying occupation schedule. 



130. Act of November 15, 1988 

(102 Statutes-at-Large 3908) 



Provided for the extension of stay for certain nonimmigrant H- 1 nurses. 



131. Foreign Operations Act 
OF November 21, 1989 

(103 Statutes-at-Large 1195) 



An appropriations law, provided for adjustment to permanent resident status for 
Soviet and Indochinese nationals who were paroled into the United States between 
certain dates after denial of refugee status. 



1 32. Act of December 18, 1989 
(103 Statutes-at-Large 2099) 



The "Immigration Nursing Relief Act of 1989." Provisions: 

a. Adjustment from temporary to permanent resident status, without regard to 
numerical limitation, of certain nonimmigrants who were employed in the United States 
as registered nurses for at least three years and meet established certification standards. 

b. Establishment of a new nonimmigrant category for the temporary admission of 
qualified registered nurses. 



133. Immigration Act of 

November 29, 1990 

(104 Statutes-at-Large 4978) 



A major overhaul of immigration law: 

a. Increased total immigration under an overall flexible cap of 675,000 
immigrants beginning in fiscal year 1995, preceded by a 700,000 level during fiscal 
years 1992 through 1994. The 675,000 level to consist of: 480,000 family- 
sponsored; 140,000 employment-based; and 55,000 "diversity immigrants." 

b. Revised all grounds for exclusion and deportation, significantly rewriting the 
political and ideological grounds. For example, repealed the bar against the 
admission of communists as nonimmigrants and limited the exclusion of aliens on 
foreign policy grounds. 

c. Authorized the Attorney General to grant temporary protected status to 
undocumented alien nationals of designated countries subject to armed conflict or 
natural disasters. 

d. Revised and established new nonimmigrant admission categories: 

1. Redefined the H-l(b) temporary worker category and limited number 
of aliens who may be issued visas or otherwise provided nonimmigrant 
status under this category to 65,000 annually. 

2. Limited number of H-2(b) temporary worker category aliens who may be 
issued visas or otherwise provided nonimmigrant status to 66,000 annually. 



A.1-20 



.PPENDIX 1 



Immigration and Naturalization Legislation 



Immigration Act of 
November 29, 1990 — cont. 



3. Created new temporary worker admission categories (O, P, Q, and R), 
some with annual caps on number of aliens who may be issued visas or 
otherwise provided nonimmigrant status. 

e. Revised, and extended the Visa Waiver Pilot Program through fiscal year 1994. 

f. Revised naturalization authority and requirements: 

1. Transferred the exclusive jurisdiction to naturalize aliens from the 
Federal and State courts to the Attorney General. 

2. Amended the substantive requirements for naturalization: State 
residency requirements revised and reduced to 3 months; added another 
ground for waiving the English language requirement; lifted the 
permanent bar to naturalization for aliens who applied to be relieved from 
U.S. military service on grounds of alienage who previously served in the 
service of the country of the alien's nationality. 

g. Revised enforcement activities. For example: 

1. Broadened the definition of "aggravated felony" and imposed new 
legal restrictions on aliens convicted of such crimes. 

2. Revised employer sanctions provisions of the Immigration Reform 
and Control Act of 1986. 

3. Authorized funds to increase Border Patrol personnel by 1 ,000. 

4. Revised criminal and deportation provisions. 

h. Recodified the 32 grounds for exclusion into nine categories, including 
revising and repealing some of the grounds (especially health grounds). 



1 34. Armed Forces Immigration 
Adjustment Act of October 1, 1991 

(105 Statutes-at-Large 555) 



Provisions: 

a. Granted special immigrant status to certain types of aliens who honorably 
served in the Armed Forces of the United States for at least 12 years. 

b. Delayed until April 1, 1992 the implementation of provisions relating to O and 
P nonimmigrant visas. (See Act of November 29, 1990.) 



135. Act of December 12, 1991 

(105 Statutes-at-Large 1733) 



Miscellaneous and Technical Immigration and Naturalization Amendments Act, 
amended certain elements of the Immigration Act of 1990. Revised provisions 
regarding the entrance of O and P nonimmigrants, including the repeal of numerical 
limits of visas for the P categories of admission, and made other technical 
corrections. (See Act of November 29, 1990.) 



1 36. Chinese Student Protection 
Act of October 9, 1992 

(706 Statutes-at-Large 1969) 



Provided for adjustment to permanent resident status (as employment-based 
immigrants) by nationals of the People's Republic of China who were in the United 
States after June 4, 1989 and before April 11, 1990. 



137. Soviet Scientists Immigration 
Act of October 10, 1992 

(106 Statutes-at-Large 3316) 



Provisions: 

a. Conferred permanent resident status (as employment-based immigrants) on a 
maximum of 750 scientists from the independent states of the former Soviet Union 
and the Baltic states. The limit does not include spouses and children. 

b. Stipulated that employment must be in the biological, chemical, or nuclear 
technical field or work in conjunction with a high technology defense project. 

c. Waived the requirement that workers with expertise in these fields were 
needed by an employer in the United States. 



A.1-21 



.PPENDIX 1 



Immigration and Naturalization Legislation 



1 38. Act of December 8, 1993 

{107 Statutes-at-Large 2057) 



North American Free-Trade Agreement Implementation Act (supersedes the United 
States-Canada Free-Trade Agreement Act of September 28, 1988): 

a. Facilitated temporary entry on a reciprocal basis between the United States and 
Canada and Mexico. 

b. Established procedures for the temporary entry into the United States of 
Canadian and Mexican citizen professional business persons to render services for 
remuneration: 

1. For Canadians, no nonimmigrant visa, prior petition, labor certification, 
or prior approval required, but appropriate documentation must be presented to the 
inspecting officer establishing Canadian citizenship and professional engagement in 
one of the occupations listed in the qualifying occupation schedule; 

2. For Mexicans, nonimmigrant visa, prior petition by employer, and 
Department of Labor attestation are required in addition to proof of Mexican 
citizenship and professional engagement in one of the occupations listed in the 
qualifying occupation schedule; 

3. For Canadians, nonimmigrant visas are not required of spouses and minor 
children who possess Canadian citizenship; 

4. For Mexicans, nonimmigrant visas are required of spouses and minor 
children who possess Mexican citizenship; 

5. For Canadians, no limit to number of admissions; 

6. For Mexicans, a limit was set for a transition period for up to ten years at 
5,500 initial petition approvals per year. 



A. 1-22 



.PPENDIX 1 



Immigration and Naturalization Legislation 



Sources: 

American Council for Nationalities Service, Interpreter Releases, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (weekly). 

Auerbach, Frank L., Immigration Laws of the United States, The Bobbs-Merrill Company, Inc., Indianapolis, 1955. 

Gordon, Charles and Ellen Gittel Gordon, Immigration and Nationality Law, Matthew Bender & Company, New York, 1979. 

History of the Immigration and Naturalization Service, Report of the Senate Judiciary Committee for the use of the Select Commission 
of Immigration and Refugee Policy, 96th Congress, 2d Session, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1980. 

Hutchison, Edward P., Legislative History of American Immigration Policy, 1798- 1965, University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia, 1981. 

United States Statutes at Large, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC. 

U.S. Immigration and Naniralization Service, Annual Reports, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC. 

U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service, The I &N Reporter (entitled The INS Reporter, starting with Fall 1976 edition), 
U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (quarterly). 

U.S. Immigration Law and Policy: I952-I986, Report of the Senate Subcommittee on Immigration and Refugee Affairs, Senate Judiciary 
Committee, 100th Congress, 1st Session, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1988. 



A.1-23 



.PPENDIX 2 



Immigration Limits: Fiscal Year 1994 



The Immigration Act of 1990 (P.L. 101-649) restructured the immigrant categories of admission and made other 
modifications to the Immigration and Nationality Act (see Appendix 1, item 133 for details). This appendix describes 
the immigration limits in effect in fiscal year 1994. 

Preference Limits 

The Immigration Act of 1990 divided the preference classes into two general categories: family-sponsored and employment- 
based. Limits on the number of visas issued in these two categories are determined annually. 

Family-sponsored limits — The worldwide level for family-sponsored preferences is calculated as: 
465,000 (480,000 beginning in 1995) 
minus the number of aliens who were issued visas or adjusted to legal permanent residence in the previous 

fiscal year as 

1) immediate relatives of U.S. citizens, 

2) children bom subsequent to the issuance of a visa to an accompanying parent, and 

3) children bom abroad to lawful permanent residents on temporary trips abroad, 

plus certain unused preferences in the previous fiscal year. 

The 1990 Act specifies that the family-sponsored limit may not go below a minimum of 226,000 in any year. The number of 
legal permanent residents issued visas or who adjusted in fiscal year 1993 under categories 1-3 listed above was 261,224, 
and none of the visas were unused in 1993. The 1994 family-sponsored limit, therefore, was set to the minimum of 226,000 
(465,000 - 261,224 = 203,776). The limits for each of the family-sponsored preferences and their descriptions are shown in 
Table A. 

Employment-based limits — The 1990 Act specifies that the worldwide limit on employment-based preference immigrants is 
equal to 140,000 plus certain unused preference visas in the previous year. The limit for fiscal year 1994 was set to 143,213 
(140,000 + 3,213 unused visas in 1993 - 143,213). The employment-based preferences and their limits are described in 
Table A. 

Per-country limits — The per-country limit on preference immigration for independent countries is set to 7 percent of the total 
family and employment limits, while dependent areas are limited to 2 percent of the total. The 1994 limit for independent 
foreign states is 25,845 (7 percent of 369,213) and the limit for dependencies is 7,384 (2 percent of 369,213). 

Other Limits 

Spouses and children of aliens legalized under the provisions of the Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA) of 1986 
were allowed to immigrate to the United States beginning in fiscal years 1992 and ending in 1994. The number of visas 
issued annually was limited to 55,000 minus the amount that immediate relative immigrants exceeded 239,000 in the 
previous year. Since the number of visas issued to immediate relatives was 261,224 in fiscal year 1993, the limit for spouses 
and children of legalized aliens was set to 32,776 in 1994 (55,000 - (261,224 - 239,000) = 32,776). 

Aliens from countries "adversely affected" by the Immigration and Nationality Act Amendments of 1965 were limited to 
40,000 annually in fiscal years 1992, 1993 and 1994, plus any unused visas from the year before. The 1994 limit was 46,918 
(40,000 + 6,918 unused visas in 1993 - 46,918). A total of 34 countries were identified as being adversely affected by the 
1965 immigration amendments as evidenced by a decrease in total immigration after the amendments went into effect. A 
minimum of 40 percent of the 120,000 visas issued over the 3-year period is reserved for natives of Ireland. 

The limit on the number of annual asylee adjustments is set to 10,000; however, asylees who applied for adjustment before 
June 1, 1990 are exempt from the limit. This new limitation became effective in fiscal year 1991. The limit on asylee 
adjustments prior to 1991 was 5,000. 

A.2-2 



PPENDIX 2 



Immigration Limits: Fiscal Year 1994 



Table A 
Immigration Limits: Fiscal Year 1994 



Preference 



Description 



Limit 



Family-sponsored preferences 

First 
Second 



Third 
Fourth 

Employment-based preferences 

First 



Second 
Third 

Fourth 
Fifth 



Unmarried sons and daughters of U.S. citizens and their children. 

Spouses, children, and unmarried sons and daughters of permanent 
resident aliens. 

Spouses and children receive at least 77 percent of the visas 
issued. The remaining visas are issued to unmarried sons and 
daughters (at least 21 years of age). 

Married sons and daughters of U.S. citizens and their spouses and 
children. 

Brothers and sisters of U.S. citizens (at least 21 years of age) and 
their spouses and children. 



Priority workers and their spouses and children. 

Priority workers are (1) persons of extraordinary ability, 
(2) outstanding professors and researchers, and (3) certain 
multinational executives and managers. 

Professionals with advanced degrees or aliens of exceptional ability 
and their spouses and children. 

Skilled workers, professionals (without advanced degrees), needed 

unskilled workers, and their spouses and children. 
The number of unskilled workers is limited to 10,000. 

Special immigrants and their spouses and children. The number of 
certain religious workers is limited to 5,000. 

Employment creation ("Investors") and their spouses and children. 



226,000 

23,400 ' 
114,200^ 



23,400 ' 
65,000 ^ 

143,213 

40,918' 



40,918 ' 
40,918 2 

10,230 
10,229 



Other numerically limited 
immigrants specified in the 
Immigration Act of 1990 



Spouses and children of aliens legalized under the Immigration 
Reform and Control Act (IRCA) of 1986. 

Aliens from countries "adversely affected" by the Immigration and 
Nationality Act Amendments of 1965 and their spouses and 
children. 

Asylees and their spouses and children. 



32,776 



46,918 



10,000 



' Plus unused family 4(h preference visas. 
5th preference visas. 



Visas not used in higher preferences may be used m these categories. ' Plus unused employment 4th and 



A.2-3 



.PPENDIX 3 



Glossary 



Acquired Citizenship — Citizenship conferred at birth 
on children bom abroad to a U.S. citizen parent(s). 

Adjustment to Immigrant Status — Procedure allowing 
certain aliens already in the United States to apply for 
immigrant status. Aliens admitted to the United States in 
a nonimmigrant or other category may have their status 
changed to that of lawful permanent resident if they are 
eligible to receive an immigrant visa and one is 
immediately available. In such cases, the alien is counted 
as an immigrant as of the date of adjustment, even though 
the alien may have been in the United States for an 
extended period of time. 

Adversely Affected — See Nonpreference Category. 

Agricultural Workers — As a nonimmigrant class of 
admission, an alien coming temporarily to the United 
States to perform agricultural labor or services, as defined 
by the Secretary of Labor. This nonimmigrant category 
was established as a separate class of admission by the 
Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986. 

Alien — Any person not a citizen or national of the 
United States. 

Amerasian Act — Public Law 97-359 (Act of 10/22/82) 
provides for the immigration to the United States of 
certain Amerasian children. In order to qualify for 
benefits under this law, an alien must have been bom in 
Cambodia, Korea, Laos, Thailand, or Vietnam after 
December 31, 1950 and before October 22, 1982, and 
have been fathered by a U.S. citizen. 

Amerasian (Vietnam) — Immigrant visas are issued to 
Amerasians under Public Law 100-202 (Act of 12/22/87), 
which provides for the admission of aliens born in 
Vietnam between January 1, 1962 and January 1, 1976 if 
the alien was fathered by a U.S. citizen. Spouses, 
children, and parents or guardians may accompany the 
alien. 



Area Control — Enforcement operations conducted by 
the Immigration and Naturalization Service's 
Investigations Division to locate and apprehend aliens 
illegally in the United States. Area Control focused on 
aliens in places of employment where illegal aliens were 
concentrated. This enforcement technique declined in 
importance in the mid-1980s as the INS shifted its 
emphasis to employer sanctions (see Employer 
Sanctions). 

Asylee — An alien in the United States or at a port of 
entry unable or unwilling to return to his or her country of 
nationality, or to seek the protection of that country 
because of persecution or a well-founded fear of 
persecution. Persecution or the fear thereof may be based 
on the alien's race, religion, nationality, membership in a 
particular social group, or political opinion. For persons 
with no nationality, the country of nationality is 
considered to be the country in which the alien last 
habitually resided. Asylees are eligible to adjust to lawful 
permanent resident status after one year of continuous 
presence in the United States. These immigrants are 
limited to 10,000 adjustments per fiscal year. 

Beneficiaries — Those aliens who receive immigration 
benefits from petitions filed with the U.S. Immigration 
and Naturalization Service. Beneficiaries generally 
derive privilege or status as a result of their relationship 
(including that of employer-employee) to a U.S. citizen 
or lawful permanent resident. 

Border Crosser — An alien or citizen resident of the 
United States reentering the country after an absence of 
less than six months in Canada or Mexico, or a 
nonresident alien entering the United States across the 
Canadian border for stays of no more that six months or 
across the Mexican border for stays of no more than 72 
hours, or a U.S. citizen residing in Canada or Mexico 
who enters the United States frequently for business or 
pleasure, or an individual entering the U.S. on any flight 
originating in Canada or Mexico. 



Apprehension — The arrest of a deportable alien by the 
Immigration and Naturalization Service. Each 
apprehension of the same alien in a fiscal year is counted 
separately. 



Border Patrol Sector — Any one of 21 geographic areas 
into which the United States is divided for the 
Immigration and Naturalization Service's Border Patrol 
activities. 



A.3-2 



.PPENDIX 3 



Glossary 



Business Nonimmigrant — An alien coming 
temporarily to the United States to engage in commercial 
transactions which do not involve gainful employment in 
the United States, i.e., engaged in international commerce 
on behalf of a foreign firm, not employed in the U.S. 
labor market, and receives no salary from U.S. sources. 

Certificate of Citizenship — Identity document proving 
U.S. citizenship. Certificates of citizenship are issued to 
derivative citizens and to persons who acquired U.S. 
citizenship (see definitions for Acquired and Derivative 
Citizenship). 

Child — An unmarried person under 21 years of age who 
is: a legitimate child; a stepchild provided that the child 
was under 18 years of age at the time that the marriage 
creating the stepchild status occurred; a legitimated child 
provided that the child was legitimate while in the legal 
custody of the legitimating parent; a child adopted while 
under 16 years of age who has resided since adoption in 
the legal custody of the adopting parents for at least 2 
years; or an orphan, under 16 years of age, who has been 
adopted abroad by a U.S. citizen or has an immediate- 
relative visa petition submitted in his/her behalf and is 
coming to the United States for adoption by a U.S. 
citizen. 

Conditional Immigrant — See Immigration Marriage 
Fraud Amendments of 1986. 



Crewman Technical (or Nonwillful) Violator — Any 

crewman who through no fault of his or her own remains 
in the United States more than 29 days {e.g., a crewman 
hospitalized beyond the 29-day admission period). 

Cuban/Haitian Entrant — Status accorded 1) Cubans 
who entered the United States illegally between April 15, 
1980 and October 10, 1980 and 2) Haitians who entered 
the country illegally before January 1, 1981. Cubans and 
Haitians meeting these criteria who have continuously 
resided in the United States since before January 1, 1982, 
and who were known to the INS before that date, may 
adjust to permanent residence under a provision of the 
Immigration Control and Reform Act of 1986. 

Deferred Enforced Departure — See Extended 
Voluntary Departure. 

Deferred Inspection — See Parolee. 

Departure Under Safeguards — The departure of an 
illegal alien from the United States which is physically 
observed by an Immigration and Naturalization Service official. 

Dependent — Spouse, unmarried dependent child under 
21 years of age, unmarried dependent child under 25 
years of age who is in full-time attendance at a 
postsecondary educational institution, or unmarried child 
who is physically or mentally disabled. 



Country of Former Allegiance — The previous country 
of citizenship of a naturalized U.S. citizen or of a person 
who derived U.S. citizenship. 

Country of Last Residence — The country in which the 
alien habitually resided prior to entering the United 
States. 

Crewman — A foreign national serving in any capacity 
on board a vessel or aircraft. Crewmen are admitted for 
twenty-nine days, with no extensions. Crewmen required 
to depart on the same vessel on which they arrived are 
classified as D-ls. Crewmen who depart on a vessel 
different than the one on which they arrived are classified 
as D-2s. Although these aliens are nonimmigrants, 
crewmen are not included in nonimmigrant admission data. 



Deportable Alien — An alien in the United States 
subject to any of the 5 grounds of deportation specified in 
the Immigration and Nationality Act. This includes any 
alien illegally in the United States, regardless of whether 
the alien entered the country illegally or entered legally 
but subsequently violated the terms of his or her visa. 

Deportation — The formal removal of an alien from the 
United States when the presence of that alien is deemed 
inconsistent with the public welfare. Deportation is 
ordered by an immigration judge without any punishment 
being imposed or contemplated. Data for a fiscal year 
cover the deportations verified during that fiscal year. 
Airlines, ship companies, or port officials provide the 
Immigration and Naturalization Service with the 
departure data on aliens who are deported. 



A.3-3 



Appendix 3 



Glossary 



Derivative Citizenship — Citizenship conveyed to 
children through the naturahzation of parents or, under 
certain circumstances, to spouses of citizens at or during 
marriage or to foreign-born children adopted by U.S. 
citizen parents, provided certain conditions are met. 

District — Any one of thirty-three geographic areas into 
which the United States and its territories are divided for 
the Immigration and Naturalization Service's field 
operations or one of three overseas offices located in 
Rome, Bangkok, or Mexico City. Operations are 
supervised by a district director located at a district office 
within the district's geographic boundaries. 

Diversity Transition — A transition towards the 
permanent diversity program in fiscal year 1995, 
allocating 40,000 visas annually during the period 1992- 
94 to nationals of certain countries identified as having 
been "adversely affected" by the Immigration and 
Nationality Act Amendments of 1965 (P.L. 89-236). At 
least 40 percent of the visas must be allocated to natives 
of Ireland. 

Employer Sanctions — The employer sanctions 
provision of the Immigration Reform and Control 
Act of 1986 prohibits employers from hiring, 
recruiting, or referring for a fee aliens known to be 
unauthorized to work in the United States. Violators 
of the law are subject to a series of civil fines or 
criminal penalties when there is a pattern or practice 
of violations. 

Exchange Visitor — An alien coming temporarily to the 
United States as a participant in a program approved by 
the Secretary of State for the purpose of teaching, 
instructing or lecturing, studying, observing, conducting 
research, consulting, demonstrating special skills, or 
receiving training. 

Exclusion — The formal denial of an alien's entry into 
the United States. The exclusion of the alien is made by 
- an immigration judge after an exclusion hearing. Data for 
a fiscal year cover the exclusions verified during that 
fiscal year. Airlines, ship companies, or port officials 
provide the Immigration and Naturalization Service with 
the departure data on aliens who are excluded. 



Exempt from the Numerical Cap — Those aliens 
accorded lawful permanent residence who are exempt 
from the provisions of the flexible numerical cap of 
700,000 (675,000 beginning in fiscal year 1995) set by 
the Immigration Act of 1990. Exempt categories include 
refugees, asylees, Amerasians, adjustments under the 
legalization provisions of the Immigration Reform and 
Control Act of 1986, and certain parolees from the former 
Soviet Union and Indochina. 

Extended Voluntary Departure (EVD) — A special 
temporary provision granted administratively to 
designated national groups physically present in the 
United States because the U.S. State Department judged 
conditions in the countries of origin to be "unstable" or 
"uncertain" or to have shown a pattern of "denial of 
rights." Aliens in EVD status are temporarily allowed to 
remain in the United States until conditions in their home 
country change. Certain aliens holding EVD status from 
Afghanistan, Ethiopia, Poland, and Uganda, who have 
resided in the United States since July 1, 1984, were 
eligible to adjust to temporary and then to permanent 
resident status under the legalization program. The term 
"deferred enforced departure" (DED) has replaced EVD 
in general use. 

Fiance(e)s of U.S. Citizen — A nonimmigrant alien 
coming to the United States to conclude a valid marriage 
with a U.S. citizen within ninety days after entry. 

Files Control Office — An Immigration and Naturali- 
zation Service field office — either a district (including 
INS overseas offices) or a suboffice of that district — 
where alien case files are maintained and controlled. 

Fiscal Year — Currently, the twelve-month period 
beginning October 1 and ending September 30. 
Historically, until 1831 and from 1843-49, the twelve- 
month period ending September 30 of the respective year; 
from 1832-42 and 1850-67, ending December 31 of the 
respective year; from 1868-1976, ending June 30 of the 
respective year. The transition quarter (TQ) for 1976 
covers the three-month period, July-September 1976. 

Foreign Government Official — As a nonimmigrant 
class of admission, an alien coming temporarily to the 



A.3-4 



.PPENDIX 3 



Glossary 



United States who has been accredited by a foreign 
government to function as an ambassador, public 
minister, career diplomatic or consular officer, other 
accredited official, or an attendant, servant or personal 
employee of an accredited official, and all above 
aliens' spouses and unmarried minor (or dependent) 
children. 

Foreign Information Media Representative — As a 

nonimmigrant class of admission, an alien coming 
temporarily to the United States as a bona fide 
representative of foreign press, radio, film, or other 
foreign information media and the alien's spouse and 
unmarried minor (or dependent) children. 

Foreign Medical School Graduate — An immigrant 
who has graduated from a medical school or has qualified 
to practice medicine in a foreign state, who was licensed 
and practicing medicine on January 9, 1978, and who 
entered the United States as a nonimmigrant on a 
temporary worker or exchange visitor visa before January 
10, 1978. 

Foreign State of Chargeability — The independent 
country to which an immigrant entering under the 
preference system is accredited. No more than 7 percent 
of the family-sponsored and employment-based visas 
may be issued to natives of an independent country in a 
fiscal year. Dependencies of independent countries 
cannot exceed 2 percent of the family-sponsored and 
employment-based visas issued. Since these limits are 
based on visa issuance rather than entries into the United 
States, and immigrant visas are valid for 4 months, there 
is not total correspondence between these two 
occurrences. Chargeability is usually determined by 
country of birth. Exceptions are made to prevent the 
separation of family members when the limitation for the 
country of birth has been met. 

General Naturalization Provisions — The basic 
requirements for naturalization that every applicant must 
meet, unless a member of a special class. General 
provisions require an applicant to be at least 18 years of 
age, a lawful permanent resident with five years of 
continuous residence in the United States, and to have 
been physically present in the country for half that period. 



Geographic Area of Chargeability — Any one of five 
regions — Africa, East Asia, Latin America and the 
Caribbean, Near East and South Asia, and the former 
Soviet Union and Eastern Europe — into which the world 
is divided for the initial admission of refugees to the 
United States. Annual consultations between the 
Executive Branch and the Congress determine the ceiling 
on the number of refugees who can be admitted to the 
United States from each area. In fiscal year 1987, an 
unallocated reserve was incorporated into the admission 
ceilings. 

Hemispheric Ceilings — Statutory limits on immigration 
to the United States in effect from 1968 to October 1978. 
Mandated by the Immigration and Nationality Act 
Amendments of 1965, the ceiling on immigration from 
the Eastern Hemisphere was set at 170,000, with a per- 
country limit of 20,000. Immigration from the Western 
Hemisphere was held to 120,000, without a per-country 
limit until January 1, 1977. The Western Hemisphere 
was then made subject to a 20,000 per country limit. 
Effective October 1978, the separate hemisphere limits 
were abolished in favor of a worldwide limit of 290,000. 
This limit was lowered to 280,000 for fiscal year 1980, 
and to 270,000 for fiscal years 1981-91. 

Immediate Relatives — Certain immigrants who 
because of their close relationship to U.S. citizens are 
exempt from the numerical limitations imposed on 
immigration to the United States. Immediate relatives 
are: spouses of citizens, children (under 21 years of age) 
of citizens, parents of citizens 21 years of age or older, 
and orphans adopted by citizens who are at least 21 years 
of age. 

Immigrant — An alien admitted to the United States as a 
lawful permanent resident. Immigrants are those persons 
lawfully accorded the privilege of residing permanently in 
the United States. They may be issued immigrant visas 
by the Department of State overseas or adjusted to 
permanent resident status by the Immigration and 
Naturalization Service in the United States. 

Immigration Act of 1990 — Public Law 101-649 (Act of 
November 29, 1990), which increased total immigration 
to the United States under an overall flexible cap, revised 



A.3-5 



.PPENDIX 3 



Glossary 



all grounds for exclusion and deportation, authorized 
temporary protected status to aliens of designated 
countries, revised and established new nonimmigrant 
admission categories; revised and extended the Visa 
Waiver Pilot Program; and revised naturalization 
authority and requirements. 

Immigration Marriage Fraud Amendments of 1986 — 

Public Law 99-639 (Act of 11/10/86), which was passed 
in order to deter immigration-related marriage fraud. Its 
major provision stipulates that aliens deriving their 
immigrant status based on a marriage of less than two 
years are conditional immigrants. To remove their 
conditional status the immigrants must apply at an 
Immigration and Naturalization Service office during the 
90-day period before their second-year anniversary of 
receiving conditional status. If the aliens cannot show 
that the marriage through which the status was obtained 
was and is a valid one, their conditional immigrant status 
is terminated and they become deportable. 

Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA) of 1986 — 

Public Law 99-603 (Act of 1 1/6/86), which was passed in 
order to control and deter illegal immigration to the 
United States. Its major provisions stipulate legalization 
of undocumented aliens, legalization of certain 
agricultural workers, sanctions for employers who 
knowingly hire undocumented workers, and increased 
enforcement at U.S. borders. 

Industrial Trainee — See Temporary Worker. 

Immigration and Nationality Act — The Act, which 
along with other immigration laws, treaties, and 
conventions of the United States, relates to the 
immigration, exclusion, deportation, or expulsion of 
aliens. 

International Representative — As a nonimmigrant 
class of admission, an alien coming temporarily to the 
United States as a principal or other accredited 
. representative of a foreign government (whether officially 
recognized or not recognized by the United States) to an 
international organization, an international organization 
officer or employee, and all above aliens' spouses and 
unmarried minor (or dependent) children. 



Intracompany Transferee — An alien, employed by an 
international firm or corporation, who seeks to enter the 
United States temporarily in order to continue to work for 
the same employer, or a subsidiary or affiliate, in a 
capacity that is primarily managerial, executive, or 
involves specialized knowledge. 

IRCA — See Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986. 

Labor Certification — Requirement falling on certain 
persons whose immigration to the United States is 
based on job skills or nonimmigrant temporary 
workers (HI and H2 categories) coming to perform 
services unavailable in the United States. Labor 
certification is awarded by the Secretary of Labor when 
there are insufficient numbers of U.S. workers available 
to undertake the employment sought by an applicant and 
when the alien's employment will not have an adverse 
effect on the wages and working conditions of U.S. 
workers similarly employed. Determination of labor 
availability in the United States is made at the time of a 
visa application and at the location where the applicant 
wishes to work. 

Legalization Dependents — A maximum of 55,000 
visas were issued to spouses and children of aliens 
legalized under the provisions of the Immigration Reform 
and Control Act of 1986 in each of fiscal years 1992-94. 
The number of visas issued annually may be below the 
limit of 55,(X)0 (see Appendix 2). 

Legalized Aliens — Certain illegal aliens who were 
eligible to apply for temporary resident status under the 
legalization provision of the Immigration Reform and 
Control Act of 1986. To be eligible, aliens must have 
continuously resided in the United States in an unlawful 
status since January 1, 1982, not be excludable, and have 
entered the United States either 1) illegally before 
January 1, 1982 or 2) as temporary visitors before 
January 1, 1982, with their authorized stay expiring 
before that date or with the Government's knowledge of 
their unlawful status before that date. Legalization 
consists of two stages — temporary and then permanent 
residency. In order to adjust to permanent status aliens 
must have had continuous residence in the United States, 
be admissible as an immigrant, and demonstrate at least a 



A.3-6 



.PPENDIX 3 



Glossary 



minimal understanding and knowledge of the English 
language and U.S. history and government. 

Median Age — The age which divides the population 
into two equal-sized groups, one younger and one older 
than the median. 

Medical and Legal Parolee — See Parolee. 

Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs) — The general 
concept of an MSA is one of a large population nucleus 
together with adjacent communities which have a high 
degree of social and economic integration with that 
nucleus. Tabulations in the Statistical Yearbook include 
Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs), Primary 
Metropolitan Statistical Areas (PMSAs), and New 
England County Metropolitan Areas (NECMAs). MSAs 
and PSAs are defined by the Office of Management and 
Budget. PMSAs are components of larger metropolitan 
complexes called Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical 
Areas (CMSAs), which are not displayed in the Yearbook. 

National — A person owing permanent allegiance to a 
state. 

Nationality — The country of a person's citizenship. For 
nonimmigrant data, citizenship refers to the alien's 
reported country of citizenship. 

NATO Official — As a nonimmigrant class of 
admission, an alien coming temporarily to the United 
States as a member of the armed forces or as a civilian 
employed by the armed forces on assignment with a 
foreign government signatory to NATO (North Atlantic 
Treaty Organization), and the alien's spouse and 
unmarried minor (or dependent) children. 

Naturalization — The conferring, by any means, of 
citizenship upon a person after birth. 

Naturalization Court — Any court authorized to award 
U.S. citizenship. Jurisdiction for naturalization has been 
conferred upon the following courts: U.S. District Courts 
of all states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico; 
the District Courts of Guam and the Virgin Islands; and 
state courts. Generally, naturalization courts are 



authorized to award citizenship only to those persons who 
reside within their territorial jurisdiction. 

Naturalization Petition — The form used by a lawful 
permanent resident to apply for U.S. citizenship. The 
petition is filed with a naturalization court through the 
Immigration and Naturalization Service. 

New Arrival — A lawful permanent resident alien who 
enters the United States at a port of entry. The alien is 
generally required to present an immigrant visa issued 
outside the United States by a consular officer of the 
Department of State. Three classes of immigrants, 
however, need not have an immigrant visa to enter the 
United States — children born abroad to lawful permanent 
resident aliens, children bom subsequent to the issuance 
of an immigrant visa to accompanying parents, and 
American Indians born in Canada. 

Nonimmigrant — An alien who seeks temporary 
entry to the United States for a specific purpose. The 
alien must have a permanent residence abroad (for 
most classes of admission) and qualify for the 
nonimmigrant classification sought. The non- 
immigrant classifications are: foreign government 
officials, visitors for business and for pleasure, aliens 
in transit through the United States, treaty traders and 
investors, students, international representatives, 
temporary workers and trainees, representatives of 
foreign information media, exchange visitors, 
fiance(e)s of U.S. citizens, intracompany transferees, 
and NATO officials. Most nonimmigrants can be 
accompanied or joined by spouses and unmarried 
minor (or dependent) children. Although refugees, 
parolees, withdrawals, and stowaways are processed 
as nonimmigrants upon arrival to the United States, 
these classes, as well as crewmen, are not included in 
nonimmigrant admission data. See other sections of 
Glossary for detailed descriptions of classes of 
nonimmigrant admission. 

Nonpreference Category — Nonpreference visas were 
available to qualified applicants not entitled to one under 
the other preferences until the category was eliminated 
by the Immigration Act of 1990. Nonpreference visas 
for persons not entitled to the other preferences had not 



A.3-7 



.PPENDIX 3 



Glossary 



been available since September 1978 because of high 
demand in the preference categories. An additional 
5,000 nonpreference visas were available in each of 
fiscal years 1987 and 1988 under a provision of the 
Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986. This 
program was extended into 1989, 1990, and 1991 with 
15,000 visas issued each year. Aliens born in countries 
from which immigration was adversely affected by the 
Immigration and Nationality Act Amendments of 1965 
(Public Law 89-236) were eligible for the special 
nonpreference visas. 

North American Free-Trade Agreement (NAFTA) — 

Public Law 103-182 (Act of 12/8/93), superseded the 
United States-Canada Free-Trade Agreement as of 1/1/94. 
Continues the special, reciprocal trading relationship 
between the United States and Canada (see United States- 
Canada Free-Trade Agreement), and establishes a similar 
relationship with Mexico. See Appendix 1, Act of 
December 8, 1993, for specific provisions. 

Nursing Relief Act of 1989 — Public Law 101-238 (Act 
of 12/18/89), provides for the adjustment to permanent 
resident status of certain nonimmigrants who as of 
September 1, 1989, had H-1 nonimmigrant status as 
registered nurses; who had been employed in that capacity 
for at least 3 years; and whose continued nursing 
employment meets certain labor certification requirements. 
It also provides for a 5-year pilot program for admission of 
nonimmigrant nurses under the H-1 A category. 

Occupation — For an alien entering the United States or 
adjusting without a labor certification, occupation refers 
to the employment held in the country of last or legal 
residence or in the United States. For an alien with a 
labor certification, occupation is the employment for 
which certification has been issued. 

Orphan — For immigration purposes, a child whose 
parents have died or disappeared, or who has been 
abandoned or otherwise separated from both parents. An 
orphan may also be a child whose sole surviving parent is 
incapable of providing that child with proper care and 
who has, in writing, irrevocably released the child for 
emigration and adoption. In order to qualify as an 
immediate relative, the orphan must be under the age of 
sixteen at the time a petition is filed on his or her behalf. 



To enter the United States, an orphan must have been 
adopted abroad by a U.S. citizen or be coming to the 
United States for adoption by a citizen. 

Panama Canal Act Immigrants — Three categories of 
special immigrants established by Public Law 96-70 (Act 
of 9/27/79): 1) certain former employees of the Panama 
Canal Company or Canal Zone Government, their spouses 
and children; 2) certain former employees of the U.S. 
government in the Panama Canal Zone, their spouses and 
children; and 3) certain former employees of the Panama 
Canal Company or Canal Zone Government on April 1, 
1979, their spouses and children. The Act provides for 
admission of a maximum of 15,000 immigrants, at a rate 
of no more than 5,000 each year. They are not, however, 
subject to the worldwide limitation. 

Parolee — An alien, appearing to be inadmissible to the 
inspecting officer, allowed to enter the United States 
under emergency (humanitarian) conditions or when that 
alien's entry is determined to be in the public interest. 
Parole does not constitute a formal admission to the 
United States and confers temporary admission status 
only, requiring parolees to leave when the conditions 
supporting their parole cease to exist. Although these 
aliens are processed as nonimmigrants upon arrival, 
parolees are not included in nonimmigrant admission 
data. Types of parolees include: 

1) Deferred inspection — Parole may be granted to an 
alien who appears not to be clearly admissible to the 
inspecting officer. An appointment will be made for the 
alien's appearance at another Service office where more 
information is available and the inspection can be 
completed. 

2) Advance parole — authorized at an INS District office 
in advance of alien's arrival. 

3) Port of entry parole — authorized at the port upon 
alien's arrival. 

4) Humanitarian parole — authorized at INS 
headquarters, e.g., granted to an alien who has a serious 
medical condition which would make detention or 
immediate return inappropriate. 

5) Public interest parole — authorized at INS 
headquarters, e.g., granted to an alien who is a witness in 
legal proceedings or is subject to prosecution in the 
United States. 



A.3-8 



.PPENDIX 3 



Glossary 



6) Overseas parole — authorized at an INS District or 
suboffice while the alien is still overseas. 

Per-Country Limit — The maximum number of family- 
sponsored and employment-based preference visas that 
can be issued to any country in a fiscal year. The limits 
are calculated each fiscal year depending on the total 
number of family-sponsored and employment-based visas 
available. No more than 7 percent of the visas may be 
issued to natives of an independent country in a fiscal 
year; dependencies of independent countries cannot 
exceed 2 percent. The per-country limit does not 
indicate, however, that a country is entitled to the 
maximum number of visas each year, just that it cannot 
receive more than that number. Because of the combined 
workings of the preference system and per-country limits, 
most countries do not reach this level of visa issuance. 

Permanent Resident Alien — See Immigrant. 

Port of Entry — Any location in the United States or its 
territories which is designated as a point of entry for 
aliens and U.S. citizens. All district and files control 
offices are also considered ports since they become 
locations of entry for aliens adjusting to immigrant status. 

Preinspection — Complete immigration inspection of 
airport passengers before departure from a foreign 
country. No further immigration inspection is required 
upon arrival in the United States other than submission of 
INS Form 1-94 for nonimmigrant aliens. 

Preference System (prior to fiscal year 1992) — The 

six categories among which 270,000 immigrant visa 
numbers are distributed each year during the period 1981- 
91. This preference system was amended by the 
Immigration Act of 1990, effective fiscal year 1992. (See 
Preference System (Immigration Act of 1990).) The six 
categories were: unmarried sons and daughters (over 21 
years of age) of U.S. citizens (20 percent); spouses and 
unmarried sons and daughters of aliens lawfully admitted 
for permanent residence (26 percent); members of the 
professions or persons of exceptional ability in the 
sciences and arts (10 percent); married sons and 
daughters of U.S. citizens (10 percent); brothers and 
sisters of U.S. citizens over 21 years of age (24 percent); 



and needed skilled or unskilled workers (10 percent). A 
nonpreference category, historically open to immigrants 
not entitled to a visa number under one of the six 
preferences just listed, had no numbers available 
beginning in September 1978. 

Preference System (Immigration Act of 1990) — The 

nine categories since fiscal year 1992 among which the 
family-sponsored and employment-based immigrant 
preference visas are distributed. The family-sponsored 
preferences are: 1) unmarried sons and daughters of 
U.S. citizens; 2) spouses, children, and unmarried sons 
and daughters of permanent resident aliens; 3) married 
sons and daughters of U.S. citizens; 4) brothers and 
sisters of U.S. citizens. The employment-based 
preferences are: 1) priority workers (persons of 
extraordinary ability, outstanding professors and 
researchers, and certain multinational executives and 
managers); 2) professionals with advanced degrees or 
aliens with exceptional ability; 3) skilled workers, 
professionals (without advanced degrees), and needed 
unskilled workers; 4) special immigrants; and 5) 
employment creation immigrants (investors). The 
number of visas issued annually may vary; they are 
described in Appendix 2. 

Principal Alien — The alien from whom another alien 
derives a privilege or status under immigration law or 
regulations (usually spouses and minor children). 

Refugee — Any person who is outside his or her country 
of nationality who is unable or unwilling to return to that 
country because of persecution or a well-founded fear of 
persecution. Persecution or the fear thereof may be based 
on the alien's race, religion, nationality, membership in a 
particular social group, or political opinion. People with 
no nationality must be outside their country of last 
habitual residence to qualify as a refugee. Refugees are 
exempt from numerical limitation (though worldwide 
ceilings by geographic area are set annually by the 
President) and are eligible to adjust to lawful permanent 
residence after one year of continuous presence in the 
United States. Although these aliens are considered 
nonimmigrants when initially admitted to the United 
States, refugees are not included in nonimmigrant 
admission data. 



A.3-9 



.PPENDIX 3 



Glossary 



Refugee Approvals — The number of refugees approved 
for admission to the United States during a fiscal year. 
Refugee approvals are made by Immigration and 
Naturalization Service officers in overseas offices. 

Refugee Arrivals — The number of refugees the 
Immigration and Naturalization Service initially admits to 
the United States through ports of entry during a fiscal 
year. 

Refugee Authorized Admissions — The maximum 

number of refugees allowed to enter the United States in a 
given fiscal year. As set forth in the Refugee Act of 1980 
(Public Law 96-212) the annual figure is determined by 
the President after consultations with Congress. 

Refugee-Parolee — A qualified applicant for conditional 
entry, between February 1970 and April 1980, whose 
application for admission to the United States could not 
be approved because of inadequate numbers of seventh 
preference visas. As a result, the applicant was paroled 
into the United States under the parole authority granted 
the Attorney General. 

Region — Any one of four areas of the United States into 
which the Immigration and Naturalization Service divides 
jurisdiction for operational purposes — Eastern Region, 
Southern Region, Northern Region, and Western Region. 

Registry Date — Aliens who have continuously resided 
in the United States in an unlawful status since January 1, 
1972 are eligible to adjust to legal permanent resident 
status under the registry provision. Before the date was 
amended by the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 
1986, aliens had to have been in the country continuously 
since June 30, 1948 to qualify. 

Required Departure — The directed departure of an 
alien from the United States without an order of 
deportation. The departure may be voluntary or 
involuntary on the part of the alien, and may or may not 
have been preceded by a hearing before an immigration 
judge. Data for a fiscal year cover the required departures 
verified in that fiscal year. Airlines, ship companies, or 
port officials provide the Immigration and Naturalization 
Service with the departure data on aliens required to 
depart. 



Special Agricultural Workers (SAW) — Aliens who 
performed labor in perishable agricultural commodities 
for a specified period of time and were admitted for 
temporary and then permanent residence under a 
provision of the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 
1986. Up to 350,000 aliens who worked at least 90 days 
in each of the 3 years preceding May 1, 1986 were 
eligible for Group I temporary resident status. Eligible 
aliens who qualified under this requirement but applied 
after the 350,000 limit was met and aliens who performed 
labor in perishable agricultural commodities for at least 
90 days during the year ending May 1, 1986 were eligible 
for Group II temporary resident status. Adjustment to 
permanent resident status is essentially automatic for both 
groups; however, aliens in Group I were eligible on 
December 1, 1989 and those in Group II were eligible one 
year later on December 1, 1990. 

Special Immigrants — Certain categories of immigrants 
who were exempt from numerical limitation before fiscal 
year 1992 and subject to limitation under the 
employment-based fourth preference beginning in 1992: 
persons who lost citizenship by marriage; persons who 
lost citizenship by serving in foreign armed forces; 
ministers of religion, their spouses and children; certain 
employees and former employees of the U.S. Government 
abroad, their spouses and children; Panama Canal Act 
immigrants; certain foreign medical school graduates, 
their spouses and children; certain retired employees of 
international organizations, their spouses and children; 
juvenile court dependents; certain aliens serving in the 
U.S. Armed Forces, their spouses and children; and 
religious workers, their spouses and children. 

Special Naturalization Provisions — Provisions 
covering special classes of persons who may be 
naturalized even though they do not meet all the general 
requirements for naturalization. Such special provisions 
allow: 1) wives or husbands of U.S. citizens to be 
naturalized in three years instead of the prescribed five 
years; 2) a surviving spouse of a U.S. citizen who served 
in the armed forces to file in any naturalization court 
instead of where he/she resides; 3) children of U.S. 
citizen parents to be naturalized without meeting the 
literacy or civics requirements or taking the oath, if too 
young to understand the meaning. Other classes of 
persons who may qualify for special consideration are 



A.3-10 



.PPENDIX 3 



Glossary 



former U.S. citizens, servicemen, seamen, and employees 
of organizations promoting U.S. interests abroad. 

Stateless — Having no nationality. 

Stowaway — An alien coming to the United States 
surreptitiously on an airplane or vessel without legal 
status of admission. Such an alien is subject to denial of 
formal admission and return to the point of embarkation 
by the transportation carrier. 

Student — As a nonimmigrant class of admission, an 
alien coming temporarily to the United States to pursue a 
full course of study in an approved program in either an 
academic (college, university, seminary, conservatory, 
academic high school, elementary school, other 
institution, or language training program) or a vocational 
or other recognized nonacademic institution. 

Subject to the Numerical Cap — Those aliens accorded 
lawful permanent residence who are subject to the 
provisions of the flexible numerical cap of 700,000 
(675,000 beginning in fiscal year 1995) set by the 
Immigration Act of 1990. Categories subject to the limit 
include 480,000 family-sponsored immigrants (including 
a minimum of 226,000 family-sponsored preference 
immigrants and an unlimited number of immediate 
relatives of U.S. citizens); 55,000 legalization 
dependents; 140,000 employment-based preference 
immigrants; and 40,000 diversity transition immigrants. 
The cap can be "pierced" in fiscal years 1992-94 if the 
number of immediate relatives admitted exceeds 239,0(X). 
See Appendix 2 for a discussion of the limits. 

Suspension of Deportation — A discretionary benefit 
adjusting an alien's status from that of deportable alien to 
one lawfully admitted for permanent residence. Application 
for suspension of deportation is made during the course of 
a deportation hearing before an immigration judge. 

Temporary Protected Status (TPS) — Establishes a 
legislative base to the administrative practice of allowing a 
group of persons temporary refuge in the United States. 
Under a provision of the Immigration Act of 1990, the 
Attorney General may designate nationals of a foreign state 
to be eligible for TPS with a finding that conditions in that 
country pose a danger to personal safety due to ongoing 
armed conflict or an environmental disaster. Grants of TPS 



are initially made for periods of 6 to 18 months and may be 
extended depending on the situation. The legislation 
designated El Salvador as the first country to qualify for this 
program. Deportation proceedings are suspended against 
aliens while they are in Temporary Protected Status. 

Temporary Resident — See Nonimmigrant. 

Temporary Worker — An alien worker coming to the 
United States to work for a temporary period of time. The 
Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986, the 
Immigration Nursing Relief Act of 1989, and the 
Immigration Act of 1990 revised existing classes and 
created new classes of nonimmigrant admission. 
Nonimmigrant worker classes of admission are as follows: 

1 ) H- 1 A — registered nurses; 

2) H-IB — workers with "specialty occupations" 
admitted on the basis of professional education, skills, 
and/or equivalent experience; 

3) H-2A — temporary agricultural workers coming to the 
United States to perform agricultural services or labor of 
a temporary or seasonal nature when services are 
unavailable in the United States; 

4) H-2B — temporary non-agricultural workers coming to 
the United States to perform temporary services or labor 
if unemployed persons capable of performing the service 
or labor cannot be found in the United States; 

5) H-3 — aliens coming temporarily to the United States 
as trainees, other than to receive graduate medical 
education or training; 

6) O-l, 0-2, 0-3 — temporary workers with extra- 
ordinary ability or achievement in the sciences, arts, 
education, business, or athletics; those entering solely for 
the purpose of accompanying and assisting such workers; 
and their spouses and children; 

7) P-1, P-2, P-3, P-4— athletes and entertainers at an 
internationally recognized level of performance; artists 
and entertainers under a reciprocal exchange program; 
artists and entertainers under a program that is "culturally 
unique;" and their spouses and children; 

8) Q — participants in international cultural exchange 
programs; 

9) R-1, R-2 — temporary workers to perform work in 
religious occupations and their spouses and children. 



A.3-11 



Appendix 3 



Glossary 



Temporary visitors in the Exchange Visitor, Intracompany 
Transferee, and U.S. -Canada or North American Free-Trade 
Agreement classes of nonimmigrant admission also are granted 
authorization to work temporarily in the United States. See 
other sections of this Glossary for definitions of these classes. 

Transit Alien — An alien in immediate and continuous 
transit through the United States, with or without a visa, 
including, 1) aliens who qualify as persons entitled to 
pass in transit to and from the United Nations 
Headquarters District and foreign countries and 2) 
foreign government officials and their spouses and 
unmarried minor (or dependent) children in transit. 

Transition Quarter — The three-month period — July 1 
through September 30, 1976 — between fiscal year 1976 
and fiscal year 1977. At that time, the fiscal year 
definition shifted from July 1-June 30 to October 1- 
September 30. 

Transit Without Visa (TWOV) — A transit alien 
traveling without a nonimmigrant visa under section 238 
of the immigration law. An alien admitted under 
agreements with a transportation line, which guarantees 
his immediate and continuous passage to a foreign 
destination. (See Transit Alien.) 

Treaty Trader or Investor — As a nonimmigrant class 
of admission, an alien coming temporarily to the United 
States, under the provisions of a treaty of commerce and 
navigation between the United States and the foreign 
state of such alien, to carry on substantial trade or to 
direct the operations of an enterprise in which he has 
invested a substantial amount of capital, and the alien's 
spouse and unmarried minor (or dependent) children. 

Underrepresented Countries, Natives of — The 

Immigration Amendments of 1988, Public Law 101-658 
(Act of 11/5/88) allows for 10,000 visas to be issued to 
natives of underrepresented countries in each of fiscal 
years 1990 and 1991. Under- represented countries are 
defined as countries which received less than 25 percent 
of the maximum allowed under the country limitations 
(20,000 for independent countries and 5,000 for 
dependencies) in fiscal year 1988. 

United States-Canada Free-Trade Agreement — 

Public Law 100-449 (Act of 9/28/88) established a 



special, reciprocal trading relationship between the 
United States and Canada. It provided two new classes 
of nonimmigrant admission for temporary visitors to the 
United States — Canadian citizen business persons and 
their spouses and unmarried minor children. Entry is 
facilitated for visitors seeking classification as visitors 
for business, treaty traders or investors, intracompany 
transferees, or other business people engaging in 
activities at a professional level. Such visitors are not 
required to obtain nonimmigrant visas, prior petitions, 
labor certifications, or prior approval but must satisfy the 
inspecting officer they are seeking entry to engage in 
activities at a professional level and that they are so 
qualified. The United States-Canada Free-Trade 
Agreement was superseded by the North American Free- 
Trade Agreement (NAFTA) as of 1/1/94. (See North 
American Free-Trade Agreement.) 

Visa Waiver Pilot Program — Allows citizens of 
certain selected countries, traveling temporarily to the 
United States under the nonimmigrant admission classes 
of visitors for pleasure and visitors for business, to enter 
the United States without obtaining nonimmigrant visas. 
Admission is for no more than 90 days. The program 
was instituted by the Immigration Reform and Control 
Act of 1986 (entries began 7/1/88) and extended through 
1996 by the Immigration and Nationality Technical 
Corrections Act of 1994. Currently, there are 22 
countries participating in this program. 

Under the Visa Waiver Pilot Program, certain visitors 
from designated countries may visit Guam for up to 15 
days without first having to obtain a nonimmigrant 
visitor visa. Currently, there are 16 countries 
participating in this program. 

Withdrawal — An alien's voluntary removal of an 
application for admission to the United States in lieu of 
an exclusion hearing before an immigration judge. 
Although these aliens are technically considered 
nonimmigrants when applying for entry, withdrawals are 
not included in the nonimmigrant admission data. 

Worldwide Ceiling — The numerical limit imposed on 
immigration visa issuance worldwide beginning in fiscal 
year 1979 and ending in fiscal year 1991. The ceiling in 
1991 was 270,000 visa numbers. Prior to enactment of 
Public Law 96-212 on March 17, 1980, the worldwide 
ceiling was 290,000. 



A.3-12 



.PPENDIX 4 



Data Sources 



Data Series 



Form Number and Title 



Immigrants 

♦ New arrivals (except children born subsequent 
to issuance of immigrant visa to accompanying 
alien parents; children born to lawful permanent 
resident aliens during temporary visits abroad; 
and American Indians born in Canada) 

♦ Adjustments (and special new arrival cases listed 
above) 

Naturalizations 



Nonimmigrants 

Deportations 

Required Departures 

Exclusions 



Performance Analysis 
Refugees 

Asylees 

Apprehensions 



OF-155 — (State Dept.) Immigrant Visa and Alien 

Registration 
OF-230 — (State Dept.) Application for Immigrant 

Visa and Alien Registration 

1-181 — Memorandum of Creation of Record of 
Lawful Permanent Residence 

N-400 — Application to File Petition for Naturalization 
N-402 — Application to File Petition for Naturalization 

in Behalf of Child 
N-405 — Petition for Naturalization 
N-480 — Naturalization Petitions Recommended to 

be Granted 

1-94 — Arrival / Departure Record 

I-94W — Visa Waiver Arrival / Departure Form 

I- 1 54 — Deportation Docket Control Card 

1-154 — Deportation Docket Control Card 
1-161 — Record of Required Departure Authorized 
Prior to OSC Issuance 

1-259 — Notice to Detain, Deport, Remove, or 

Present Aliens 
1-275 — Notice of Withdrawal of Application for 

Admission to the United States 
1-295 — Notice of Decision (of Immigration Judge) 
1-296 — Notice of Alien Ordered Excluded by 

Immigration Judge 

G-23 — Report of Field Operations 

G-319 — Report of Applicants for Refugee Status 

under Section 207, INA 
1-94 — Arrival/Departure Record 
1-590 — Registration for Classification as Refugee 

1-589 — Request for Asylum in the United States 
1-213 — Record of Deportable Alien 



A.4-1 



.PPENDIX 5 



Table Genealogy 



1994 

Immigrants 

1. Immigration to the United States (historical ') 

2. Immigration by region and country of last residence (historical ') 

3. Immigrants admitted by region and country of birth (historical ') 

4. Immigrants admitted by type and class of admission (historical ') 

5. Immigrants admitted by region of birth and type and class of admission 

6. Immigrants admitted by class of admission and foreign state of chargeability under the preference categories 

7. Immigrants admitted by type of admission and country of birth 

8. Immigrants admitted by class of admission and country of birth 

9. Immigrants admitted by class of admission and country of last permanent residence 

10. Immigrants adjusted to permanent resident status by status at entry and country of birth 

1 1 . Immigrants admitted in current fiscal year by calendar year of entry, type of admission, and country of birth 

12. Immigrants admitted by age, and sex (historical ') 

13. Immigrants admitted by country of birth, age, and sex 

14. Immigrants admitted by marital status, age, and sex 

15. Immigrant-orphans adopted by U.S. citizens by sex, age, and country of birth 

16. Immigrant new arrivals by port of entry and country of birth 

17. Immigrants admitted by country of birth and state of intended residence 

18. Immigrants admitted by state of intended residence (historical ') 

19. Immigrants admitted by country of birth and metropolitan statistical area of intended residence 

20. Immigrant beneficiaries of occupational preferences admitted by type of admission and occupation 

21. Immigrants admitted by major occupation group and country of birth 

22. Immigrant conditional status removals and terminations under the Marriage Fraud Amendments by country of birth 

Refugees, Asylees 

23. Refugee-status applications (historical ') 

24. Refugee-status applications by geographic area and country of chargeability 

25. Refugee approvals and admissions by geographic area of chargeability (historical ') 

■ 26. Refugee arrivals into the United States by nationality (historical ') 

27. Refugees granted permanent resident status in current fiscal year by calendar year of entry and country of birth 

28. Asylum cases filed with INS District Directors and Asylum Officers (historical ') 

29. Number of individuals granted asylum by INS District Directors and Asylum Officers by nationality: (historical ') .. 

A.5-2 



lPPENDIX 5 



Table Genealogy 



1993 


1992 


1991 


1990 


1989 


1988 


1987 


1986 


1985 


1984 










Immigrants 










1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


I 


1 


1 


IMM 1.1 


IMM 1.1 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


IMM 1.2 


IMM 1.2 


3 


3 


3 


3 


3 


3 


3 


3 


IMM 1.3 


IMM 1.3 


4 


4 


4 


4 


4 


4 


4 


4 


IMM 1.5 


IMM 1.5 


5 


5 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


6 


6 


5 


5 


5 


5 


5 


5 


IMM 2.1 


IMM 2.1 


7 


7 


6 


6 


6 


6 


6 


6 


IMM 2.2 


IMM 2.2 


8 


8 


7 


7 


7 


7 


7 


7 


IMM 2.3 


IMM 2.3 


9 


9 


8 


8 


8 


8 


8 


8 


IMM 2.4 


IMM 2.4 


10 


9 


9 


9 


9 


9 


9 


9 


IMM 3.2 


IMM 3.2 


11 


11 


10 


10 


10 


10 


10 


10 


IMM 3.3 


IMM 3.3 


12 


12 


11 


11 


11 


11 


11 


11 


IMM 4.1 


IMM 4.1 


13 


13 


12 


12 


12 


12 


12 


12 


IMM 4.3 


IMM 4.3 


14 


14 


13 


13 


13 


13 


13 


13 


IMM 4.2 - 


IMM 4.2 ' 


15 


15 


14 


14 


14 


14 


14 


14 


IMM 2.5 ' 


IMM 2.5 ' 


16 


16 


15 


15 


15 


15 


15 


15 


IMM 5.1^ 


IMM 5.1^ 


17 


17 


16 


16 


16 


16 


16 


16 


NA 


NA 


18 


18 


17 


17 


17 


17 


17 


17 


IMM 5.2 


IMM 5.2 


19 


19 


18 


18 


18 


18 


18 


NA 


IMM 5.3 


IMM 5.3 


20 


20 


19 


19 


19 


19 


19 


19 


IMM 6.6 


IMM 6.6 


21 


21 


20 


20 


20 


20 


20 


18 


IMM 6.1 


IMM 6.1 


22 


22 


21 


21 


21 

Refugees 


21 
i, ASYLEES 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


23 


23 


24 


24 


24 


23 


23 


20 


NA 


NA 


24 


24 


25 


25 


25 


24 


24 


21 


REF1.3 


REF 1.3 


25 


25 


26 


26 


26 


25 


25 


22 


REFl.l 


REFl.l 


26 


26 


27 


27 


27 


26 


26 


23 


REF 2.2 


REF 2.2 


27 


27 


28 


28 


28 


27 


27 


24 


REF 5.2 


REF 5.2 


28 


28 


NA 


29' 


31' 


30' 


30' 


27' 


NA 


NA 


29 


29 


NA 


30' 


32' 


31' 


31' 


28' 


NA 


NA 



A.5-3 



.PPENDIX 5 



Table Genealogy 



1994 

Refugees, Asylees 

30. Asylum cases filed with INS Asylum Officers by selected nationality 

31. Asylum cases filed with INS Asylum Officers by asylum office and state of residence 

32. Refugees and asylees granted permanent resident status by enactment (historical ') 

33. Refugees and asylees granted permanent resident status by country of birth (historical ') 

34. Refugees and asylees granted permanent resident status by age and sex (historical ') 

35. Refugees and asylees granted permanent resident status by country of birth (historical ') 

36. Refugees and asylees granted permanent resident status by state of residence (historical ') 

37. Refugees and asylees granted permanent resident status by country of birth and metropolitan statistical area of residence 

Nonimmigrants 

38. Nonimmigrants admitted by class of admission and country of last residence (historical ') 

39. Nonimmigrants admitted by class of admission and country of citizenship 

40. Nonimmigrants admitted by class of admission (historical ') 

41. Nonimmigrants admitted as temporary workers, exchange visitors, and intracompany transferees by country 

of citizenship 

42. Nonimmigrants admitted by port of entry and country of citizenship 

43. Nonimmigrants admitted by age and country of citizenship 

44. Nonimmigrants admitted by class of admission and state of intended residence 

Naturalizations 

45. Petitions for naturalization filed, persons naturalized, and petitions for naturalization denied (historical ') 

46. Persons naturalized by general and special naturalization provisions (historical ') 

47. Persons naturalized by naturalization provisions and country of former allegiance 

48. Persons naturalized by country of former allegiance (historical ') 

49. Persons naturalized by sex, marital status, and major occupation (historical ') 

50. Persons naturalized by state of residence (historical ') 

51. Persons naturalized by country of former allegiance and state of residence 

' 52. Persons naturalized by country of former allegiance and metropolitan area of residence 

53. Persons naturalized by major occupation group and country of former allegiance 

54. Persons naturalized in current fiscal year by calendar year of entry and country of birth 

55. Persons naturalized by country of former allegiance, age, and sex 

A.5-4 



.PPENDIX 5 



Table Genealogy 



1993 


1992 


1991 


1990 


1989 


1988 


1987 


1986 


1985 


1984 










Refugees 


;, ASYLEES 










30 


30 


NA 


3P 


33' 


32' 


32' 


29' 


NA 


NA 


31 


31 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


32 


32 


29 


33 


38 


37 


37 


34 


REF4.1 


REF 4.1 


33 


33 


30 


34 


39 


38 


38 


35 


REF 4.2 ' 


REF 4.2 ' 


34 


34 


31 


35 


7 


7 


7 


7 


7 


7 


35 


35 


32 


36 


40 


39 


39 


36 


REF 4.3 


REF 4.3 


36 


36 


33 


37 


41 


40 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


37 


37 


34 


38 


42 


41 


40 


NA 


NA 


NA 










Nonimmigrants 










38 


38 


35 


39 


43 


42 


41 


37 


NIM 1.0 


NIM 1.0 


39 


39 


36 


40 


44 


43 


42 


38 


NIM 1.1 


NIM 1.1 


40 


40 


37 


41 


45 


44 


43 


39 


NIM 2.1 


NIM 2.1 


41 


41 


38 


42 


46 


45 


44 


40 


NIM 5.1 


NIM 5.1 


42 


42 


39 


43 


47 


46 


45 


41 


NIM 3.1 


NIM 3.1 


43 


43 


40 


44 


48 


47 


46 


42 


NIM 4.1 


NIM 4.1 


44 


44 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 










Naturalizations 










45 


45 


41 


45 


49 


48 


47 


43 


NAT 1.1 


NAT 1.1 


46 


46 


42 


46 


50 


49 


48 


44 


NAT 1.2 


NAT 1.2 


47 


47 


43 


47 


51 


50 


49 


45 


NAT 2.1 


NAT 2.1 


48 


48 


44 


48 


52 


51 


50 


46 


NAT 1.3 


NAT 1.3 


49 


49 


45 


49 


53 


52 


51 


47 


NAT 3.3 


NAT 3.3 


50 


50 


46 


50 


54 


53 


52 


48 


NAT 4.1 


NAT 4. 1 


51 


51 


47 


51 


55 


54 


53 


49 


NAT 4.2 


NAT 4.2 


52 


52 


48 


52 


56 


55 


54 


NA 


NAT 4.3 


NAT 4.3 


53 


53 


49 


53 


57 


56 


55 


50 


NAT 5.1 


NAT 5.1 


54 


54 


50 


54 


58 


57 


56 


51 


NAT 5.2 


NAT 5.2 


55 


55 


51 


55 


59 


58 


57 


52 


NAT 3.2 


NAT 3.2 



A.5-5 



.PPENDIX 5 



Table Genealogy 



1994 

Naturalizations 

56. Persons naturalized by age, and sex (historical ') 

57. Naturalization rates through fiscal year 1992 of immigrants admitted in fiscal year 1977 by major class of admission and 

occupation 

58. Naturalization rates through fiscal year 1992 of immigrants admitted in fiscal year 1977 by country of birth 

Enforcement 

59. Aliens apprehended, deported, and required to depart (historical ') 

60. Deportable aliens located by status at entry and country of nationality 

61. Aliens excluded by cause (historical ') 

62. Aliens excluded by cause (historical ') 

63. Aliens excluded by country of birth (historical ') 

64. Aliens under docket control required to depart by country of nationality (historical ') 

65. Aliens under docket control required to depart by cause and country of nationality 

66. Aliens deported by cause (historical ') 

67. Aliens deported by cause (historical ') 

68. Aliens deported by country of nationality (historical ') 

69. Aliens deported by country to which deported (historical ') 

70. Aliens deported by cause and country of nationality 

71. Aliens deported and under docket control required to depart by status at entry (historical ') 

72. Aliens deported and required to depart by region and district office 

73. Service participation in the control of marijuana, narcotics, and dangerous drug traffic (historical ') 

74. Principal activities and accomplishments of the Border Patrol (historical ') 

E>jtries, Litigation, Legal Activity 

75. Prosecutions, fines, and imprisonment for immigration and nationality violations (historical ') 

76. Convictions for immigration and nationality violations (historical ') 

77. Writs of habeas corpus, judicial review of orders of deportation, and declaratory judgements in exclusion and 

deportation cases (historical ') 

78. Private immigration and nationality bills introduced and laws enacted by Congress (historical ') 

' Historical tables show data for a number of years, which may vary in each edition of the Yearbook. ' Data not shown by age; 
shown by major occupation group. ' Data not shown by sex and age; shown by adoption category. ■* Data not shown by country of 
birth. ' Excludes cases filed with Asylum Officers; Asylum Offices established for fiscal year 1992. '" Data shown for refugees only. 



A.5-6 



PPENDIX 5 



Table Genealogy 



1993 


1992 


1991 


1990 


1989 


1988 


1987 


1986 


1985 


1984 










Naturalizations 










56 


56 


52 


56 


60 


59 


58 


53 


NAT 3.1 


NAT 3.1 


57 


57 


53 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


58 


58 


54 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 










Enforcement 










59 


59 


55 


57 


61 


60 


59 


54 


ENFl.l 


ENFl.l 


60 


60 


56 


58 


62 


61 


60 


55 


ENF1.2 


ENFL2 


61 


61 


57 


59 


63 


62 


61 


56 


ENF2.1 


ENF 2.1 


62 


62 


57 


59 


63 


62 


61 


56 


ENF2.1 


ENF 2.1 


63 


63 


58 


60 


64 


63 


62 


57 


ENF 2.2 » 


ENF 2.2 * 


64 


64 


59 


61 


65 


64 


63 


58 


NA 


NA 


65 


65 


60 


62 


66 


65 


64 


59 


ENF 3.2 


ENF 3.2 


66 


66 


61 


63 


67 


66 


65 


60 


ENF 4.3 


ENF 4.3 


67 


67 


61 


63 


67 


66 


65 


60 


ENF 4.3 


ENF 4.3 


68 


68 


62 


64 


68 


67' 


66' 


61' 


NA 


NA 


69 


69 


63 


65 


69 


68 


67 


62 


ENF 4.4 


ENF 4.4 


70 


70 


64 


66 


70 


69 


68 


63 


ENF 4.2 


ENF 4.2 


71 


71 


65 


67 


71 


70 


69 


64 


ENF 4.6 


ENF 4.6 


72 


72 


66 


68 


72 


71 


70 


65 


ENF 4.8 


ENF 4.8 


73 


73 


67 


69 


73 


72 


71 


66 


ENF 5.1 


ENF 5.1 


74 


74 


68 


70 


74 


73 


72 


67 


ENF 5.2 


ENF 5.2 








Entries, 


Litigation, Legal AcTrvrrv 








76 


76 


70 


72 


76 


75 


74 


69 


LlTl 


LIT 1 


77 


77 


71 


73 


77 


76 


75 


70 


LIT 2 


LIT 2 


78 


78 


72 


74 


78 


77 


76 


71 


LIT 3 


LIT 3 


79 


79 


73 


75 


79 


78 


77 


NA 


LEGl 


LEG 1 



' Data shown for asylees only for 1984-85 (REP 7.1), 1986 (31), 1987-88 (34), and 1989 (35). Data shown for refugees only for 1984-85 
(REF 5.1), 1986 (25), 1987-88 (28), and 1989 (29). Data shown by selected country of birth. " Data shown by cause and for current year 
only. ' Data are for calendar year. 

NA Not available. 

* U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE; 1996 - 407 - 994 / 50077 . , _ 



3 SS^^iSlllk