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BOSTON 

PUBLIC 

LIBRARY 




llZ*/io\ ^S 



, Department of Justice 

ligration and Naturalization Service 



1995 

Statistical Yearbook 

of the 

Immigration and 

Naturalization 

Service 




\'\c\(p a(-K S^O&c fpCcMa 



U.S. Department of Justice 

Immigration and Naturalization Service 



1995 

Statistical Yearbook 

of the 

Immigration and 

Naturalization 

Service 




Issued March 1997 




IMMIGRATION AND NATURALIZATION SERVICE 



March 1997 



Copies of each Statistical Yearbook from 1965 to 1995 (entitled Annual Report prior to 1978) can be purchased 
from the National Technical Information Service (NTIS), 5285 Port Royal Road, Springfield, VA 22161. Phone: 
(703) 487-4650. The NTIS order number for this report is PB 97-137624. 



Library of Congress 

National Serials Program 

International Standard Serial number: 

(ISSN) 0743-538X 



Suggested Citation 



U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service, Statistical Yearbook of the Immigration 
and Naturalization Service, 1995, U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, D.C., 1997 




U.S Department of Justice 

Immigration and Naturalization Service 



Office of the Commissioner 425 Eye Street N. W. 

Washington, DC. 20536 



The Attorney General 

United States Department of Justice 



I am pleased to submit the Statistical Yearbook of the Immigration and 
Naturalization Service for Fiscal Year 1995. This Yearbook contains information covering 
the entire spectrum of critical Service activities from border enforcement to naturalization. 
Answers to the most frequently asked statistical questions about immigration can be found 
in the Yearbook. 

During Fiscal Year 1995, the Service continued to focus on the Southwest border 
through deterrence of illegal entry and expanded apprehension capability through 
initiatives such as Operation Gatekeeper, as well as on facilitation of entry to support legal 
immigration and admissions processes. The Service also increased its removal of 
deportable aliens, particularly those with criminal backgrounds. In 1995, apprehensions 
reached the highest level since 1986 at 1.395 million, and a record 32,000 criminal aliens 
were removed. 

The number of naturalized citizens increased for a third consecutive year and 
reached a historical high of nearly 446,000. The total number of legal immigrants 
admitted decreased by 10 percent, from 804,400 in 1994 to 720,500 in 1995. 

Through this publication and other vehicles for informing the public we hope to 
contribute to the discussion of immigration policy and to a better understanding of the 
Service and its comprehensive immigration strategy. We hope that you and others find the 
information in this Yearbook useful. We will continue to provide accurate and current 
information about our immigration programs. 




-Doris Meissner 



1995 Statistical Yearbook 
of the Immigration and 
Naturalization 
Service 



Contents 



General Information Page 

Introduction 11 

I. Immigrants 13 

II. Refugees 72 

III. Asylees 76 

IV. Nonimmigrants/Parolees 98 

V. Naturalizations 130 

VI. Enforcement 161 

VII. Public Use Files 181 

VIII. Data Gaps 181 

Charts, Text Tables 
Charts 

A. Immigrants admitted by region of birth: selected fiscal years 1955-95 12 

B. Immigrants admitted to the United States from top five countries of last residence: 1821 to 1995 14 

C. Immigrants admitted: fiscal years 1900-95 17 

D. Immigrants admitted as immediate relatives of U.S. citizens: fiscal years 1970-95 18 

E. Percent age and sex distribution of U.S. population and immigrants admitted in fiscal year 1995 25 

F. Refugee and asylee initial admissions and admissions to lawful permanent resident status: fiscal years 1946-95.. 73 

G. Asylum applications filed with the INS: fiscal years 1973-95 77 

H. Nonimmigrants admitted by region of last residence: selected fiscal years 1955-95 98 

I. Nonimmigrants admitted as temporary workers, intracompany transferees, and exchange visitors from top 

twenty countries of citizenship: fiscal year 1995 99 

J. Nonimmigrants admitted as students and their families for top ten countries of citizenship: fiscal year 1995 100 

K. Nonimmigrants admitted by selected class of admission from top ten countries of citizenship: fiscal year 1995 .. 103 

L. Nonimmigrants admitted: fiscal years 1975-95 104 



Charts — Continued 



Page 

M. Nonimmigrants admitted by month and selected class of admission: calendar years 1992-95 105 

N. Persons naturalized by provision of law: fiscal years 1908-95 131 

0. Persons naturalized by decade and selected region of birth: fiscal years 1961-95 132 

P. Naturalizations of immigrants in residence before 1978 by year of naturalization: fiscal years 1989-95 133 

Q. Naturalizations through fiscal year 1995 of immigrants admitted in fiscal year 1977 by year 134 

R. Naturalization rates through fiscal year 1995 of immigrants admitted in fiscal years 1977 and 1982 by age 136 

S. Immigrants admitted, calendar years 1970-79 by selected country of birth and naturalizations of those 

immigrants: fiscal years 1970-95 139 

T. Aliens apprehended: fiscal years 1951-95 162 

Text Tables 

A. Categories of immigrants subject to the numerical cap: unadjusted and fiscal year 1995 limits 16 

B. Immigrants admitted by major category of admission: fiscal year 1995 19 

C. Percent of immigrants admitted by region and period: fiscal years 1955-95 22 

D. Immigrants admitted from top twenty countries of birth: fiscal year 1995 23 

E. Refugee status applications filed and approved and refugees admitted by selected nationality: fiscal year 1995 .. 74 

F. Asylum applications filed with the INS by Central Americans: fiscal years 1989-95 77 

G. Nonimmigrants admitted under the Visa Waiver Pilot Program by country of citizenship: fiscal years 1994-95 101 

H. Nonimmigrants admitted from top fifteen countries of last residence in fiscal year 1995, ranked by amount of 

change since fiscal year 1975 103 

1. Parolees admitted by selected class of admission from top five countries of citizenship: fiscal years 1992-95 106 

J. Parolees admitted by selected category of humanitarian parole from selected countries of citizenship: 

fiscal years 1992-95 107 

K. Median years of residence by year of naturalization and region of birth: selected fiscal years 1965-95 133 

L. Naturalizations through fiscal year 1995 of immigrants admitted in fiscal years 1977 and 1982 by year 135 

M. Naturalization rates through fiscal year 1995 of immigrants admitted in fiscal year 1977 by selected country 

of birth 137 

N. Naturalization rates through fiscal year 1995 of immigrants admitted in fiscal year 1982 by selected country 

of birth 138 

O. Immigration and emigration by decade: 1901-90 182 

P. Estimated illegal immigrant population for top twenty countries of origin and top twenty states of residence: 

October 1996 183 



Contents — Continued 

Detailed Tables 

Immigrants 

Page 

1. Immigration to the United States: fiscal years 1820-1995 27 

2. Immigration by region and selected country of last residence: fiscal years 1820-1995 28 

3. Immigrants admitted by region and selected country of birth: fiscal years 1985-95 32 

4. Immigrants admitted by type and selected class of admission: fiscal years 1988-95 34 

5. Immigrants admitted by region of birth and type and class of admission: fiscal year 1995 35 

6. Immigrants admitted by class of admission and region and selected foreign state of chargeability under 

the preference categories: fiscal year 1995 42 

7. Immigrants admitted by type of admission and region and selected country of birth: fiscal year 1995 44 

8. Immigrants admitted by selected class of admission and region and selected country of birth: fiscal year 1995 ... 46 

9. Immigrants admitted by selected class of admission and region and selected country of last permanent residence: 

fiscal year 1995 48 

10. Immigrants admitted who were adjusted to permanent resident status by selected status at entry and region and 

selected country of birth: fiscal year 1995 50 

1 1 . Immigrants admitted in fiscal year 1995, by calendar year of entry, type of admission, and region and selected 

country of birth 52 

12. Immigrants admitted by age and sex: fiscal years 1985-95 54 

13. Immigrants admitted by selected country of birth, age, and sex: fiscal year 1995 55 

14. Immigrants admitted by marital status, age, and sex: fiscal year 1995 58 

15. Immigrant-orphans adopted by U.S. citizens by sex, age, and region and selected country of birth: fiscal year 1995 59 

16. Immigrant new arrivals admitted by selected port of entry and region and selected country of birth: 

fiscal year 1995 60 

17. Immigrants admitted by selected country of birth and state of intended residence: fiscal year 1995 62 

18. Immigrants admitted by state of intended residence: fiscal years 1987-95 65 

19. Immigrants admitted by selected country of birth and selected metropolitan statistical area of intended residence: 

fiscal year 1995 66 

20. Immigrant beneficiaries of occupational preferences admitted by type of admission and occupation: 

fiscal year 1995 69 

21. Immigrants admitted by major occupation group and region and selected country of birth: fiscal year 1995 70 

6 



Tables — Continued 



Refugees, Asylees 

Page 

22. Refugee-status applications: fiscal years 1980-95 79 

23. Refugee-status applications by geographic area and selected country of chargeability: fiscal year 1995 80 

24. Refugee approvals and admissions by geographic area of chargeability: fiscal years 1988-95 81 

25. Refugee arrivals into the United States by selected country of citizenship: fiscal years 1989-95 82 

26. Refugees granted lawful permanent resident status in fiscal year 1995 by calendar year of entry and region and 

selected country of birth 83 

27. Asylum cases filed with INS District Directors and Asylum Officers: fiscal years 1973-95 84 

28. Number of individuals granted asylum by INS District Directors and Asylum Officers by selected nationality: 

fiscal years 1989-95 85 

29. Asylum cases filed with INS Asylum Officers by selected nationality: fiscal year 1995 86 

30. Asylum cases filed with INS Asylum Officers by asylum office and state of residence: fiscal year 1995 88 

31. Refugees and asylees granted lawful permanent resident status by enactment: fiscal years 1946-95 90 

32. Refugees and asylees granted lawful permanent resident status by region and selected country of birth: fiscal 

years 1946-95 91 

33. Refugees and asylees granted lawful permanent resident status by age and sex: fiscal years 1988-95 92 

34. Refugees and asylees granted lawful permanent resident status by region and selected country of birth: fiscal 

years 1986-95 93 

35. Refugees and asylees granted lawful permanent resident status by state of residence: fiscal years 1986-95 94 

36. Refugees and asylees granted lawful permanent resident status by selected country of birth and selected 

metropolitan statistical area of residence: fiscal year 1995 96 

Nonimmigrants 

37. Nonimmigrants admitted by selected class of admission and region and selected country of last residence: 

selected fiscal years 1981-95 108 

38. Nonimmigrants admitted by selected class of admission and region and selected country of citizenship: fiscal 

year 1995 110 

39. Nonimmigrants admitted by class of admission: selected fiscal years 1981-95 114 

40. Nonimmigrants admitted as temporary workers, exchange visitors, and intracompany transferees by region and 

selected country of citizenship: fiscal year 1995 116 

41. Nonimmigrants admitted by selected port of entry and region and selected country of citizenship: 

fiscal year 1995 122 

42. Nonimmigrants admitted by age and region and selected country of citizenship: fiscal year 1995 126 

43. Nonimmigrants admitted by selected class of admission and state of intended residence: fiscal year 1995 128 

7 



Tables — Continued 



Naturalizations 

Page 

44. Petitions for naturalizations filed, persons naturalized, and petitions for naturalizations denied: fiscal 

years 1907-95 140 

45. Persons naturalized by general and special naturalization provisions: fiscal years 1990-95 '. 141 

46. Persons naturalized by selected naturalization provisions and region and selected country of former allegiance: 

fiscal year 1995 142 

47. Persons naturalized by region and selected country of former allegiance: fiscal years 1986-95 144 

48. Persons naturalized by sex, marital status, and major occupation group: fiscal years 1990-95 146 

49. Persons naturalized by state of residence: fiscal years 1986-95 147 

50. Persons naturalized by selected country of former allegiance and state of residence: fiscal year 1995 148 

51. Persons naturalized by selected country of former allegiance and selected metropolitan statistical area of 

residence: fiscal year 1995 150 

52. Persons naturalized by major occupation group and region and selected country of former allegiance: 

fiscal year 1995 152 

53. Persons naturalized in fiscal year 1995 by calendar year of entry and region and selected country of birth 154 

54. Persons naturalized by selected country of former allegiance, age, and sex: fiscal year 1995 156 

55. Persons naturalized by age and sex: fiscal years 1986-95 158 

56. Naturalization rates through fiscal year 1995 of immigrants admitted in fiscal year 1977 by major class of 

admission and occupation 159 

57. Naturalization rates through fiscal year 1995 of immigrants admitted in fiscal year 1977 by selected 

country of birth 160 

Enforcement 

58. Aliens apprehended and expelled: fiscal years 1892-1995 164 

59. Deportable aliens located by status at entry and region and selected country of nationality: fiscal year 1995 165 

60. Aliens excluded by cause: fiscal years 1892-1984 166 

61. Aliens excluded by cause: fiscal years 1985-95 166 

62. Aliens excluded by region and selected country of birth: fiscal years 1991-95 167 

63. Aliens under docket control required to depart by region and selected country of nationality: fiscal years 1991-95 168 



Tables — Continued 



Enforcement 

Page 

64. Aliens under docket control required to depart by cause and region and selected country of nationality: 

fiscal year 1995 169 

65. Aliens deported by cause: fiscal years 1908-80 170 

66. Aliens deported by cause: fiscal years 1981-95 170 

67. Aliens deported by region and selected country of nationality: fiscal years 1991-95 171 

68. Aliens deported by region and selected country to which deported: fiscal years 1991-95 172 

69. Aliens deported by cause and region and selected country of nationality: fiscal year 1995 173 

70. Aliens deported and under docket control required to depart by status at entry: fiscal years 1990-95 174 

71. Aliens deported and expelled by region and district office: fiscal year 1995 175 

72. Service participation in the control of marijuana, narcotics, and dangerous drug traffic: fiscal years 1984-95 176 

73. Principal activities and accomplishments of the Border Patrol: fiscal years 1989-95 177 

Litigation, Legal Activity 

74. Prosecutions, fines, and imprisonment for immigration and nationality violations: fiscal years 1989-95 178 

75. Convictions for immigration and nationality violations: fiscal years 1989-95 178 

76. Writs of habeas corpus, judicial review of orders of deportation, and declaratory judgements in exclusion and 

deportation cases: fiscal years 1989-95 179 

Legislation 

77. Private immigration and nationality bills introduced and laws enacted: 77th through 104th Congress 180 

Appendixes 

1. Immigration and Naturalization Legislation A. 1-1 

2. Immigration Limits: Fiscal Year 1995 A.2-2 

3. Glossary A. 3-2 

4. Data Sources A.4-1 

5. Table Genealogy A. 5-2 

9 



NOTICE OF SPECIAL 
GEOGRAPHIC DEFINITIONS 

With the establishment of diplomatic relations with China, the United States recognized the People's Republic of China 
as the official name for this sovereign nation. Previous editions of the INS Statistical Yearbook have used the 
conventional term, China, Mainland to differentiate China from Taiwan. Starting with this edition of the Yearbook 
China, Mainland will be shown as the People's Republic of China. Though officially considered part of the People's 
Republic of China, Taiwan retains a statistical code and data for Taiwan will be shown separately when available. 

Recent changes in the political and geographical definitions of the Soviet Union, Yugoslavia, Czechoslovakia, and 
Ethiopia have led to inconsistencies in the reporting of data. Information for these republics and the independent states 
emerging from them are presented in this edition of the INS Statistical Yearbook as follows: 

1. Soviet Union — On January 1, 1992, the United States formally recognized 12 independent republics within the 
former Soviet Union: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Belarus; Georgia; Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Moldova; Russia; Tajikistan; 
Turkmenistan; Ukraine; and Uzbekistan. The Soviet Union has officially dissolved as an independent state. 
Nationality codes have been established for the independent republics in the various INS data bases. However, a code 
has been retained for the Soviet Union because, while data for fiscal years 1992-95 are generally available for the 
separate republics, they are not available for all data series. In these cases, data are aggregated and presented for the 
former Soviet Union and for available republics. 

2. Yugoslavia — On April 7, 1992, the United States formally recognized three independent states within the Socialist 
Federal Republic of Yugoslavia: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, and Slovenia. On February 8, 1994, Macedonia was 
recognized as an independent state. Yugoslavia has officially dissolved as an independent republic; however, for 
purposes of statistical reporting, it will be shown to include the four independent states as well as Montenegro and 
Serbia unless otherwise indicated. Montenegro and Serbia have asserted the formation of a joint independent state, but 
this entity has not been formally recognized as a state by the United States. Nationality codes have been established for 
the four independent states in the various INS data bases. However, a code has been retained for Yugoslavia because 
data for fiscal years 1993-95 are not available for all independent states for all data series. In these cases, data are 
aggregated and presented for the former Yugoslavia but exclude independent states shown separately. 

3. Czechoslovakia — On January 1, 1993, the United States formally recognized two independent states within the 
Czech and Slovak Federal Republic (CSFR or Czechoslovakia): the Czech Republic and Slovak Republic (Slovakia). 
Czechoslovakia has officially dissolved as an independent republic; however, for purposes of statistical reporting, it 
will be shown to include the two independent states. Nationality codes have been established for the two independent 
states in the various INS data bases. However, a code has been retained for Czechoslovakia because data for fiscal 
years 1994-95 are not available for the separate states for all data series. In these cases, data are aggregated and 
presented only for the former Czechoslovakia. 

4. Ethiopia / Eritrea — On April 27, 1993, the United States formally recognized Eritrea as a sovereign country, 
independent of Ethiopia. Data for fiscal years 1994-95 are not available for Eritrea for all data series; therefore, data 
for Eritrea are included with Ethiopia. 

In addition, there are known cross-reporting problems for certain pairs of countries with similar names or historical 
associations. These pairs of countries are: the People's Republic of China and Taiwan; the Dominican Republic and 
Dominica; Nigeria and Niger; Australia and Austria; Netherlands and Netherlands Antilles; and Mauritania and 
Mauritius. 

For each pair, persons from one country may be reported as being from the other country. This error will cause an 
understatement of the total number of persons from the larger country of the pair and an overstatement from the 
smaller country. For example, the number of immigrants from the Dominican Republic is likely to be understated 
while the number of immigrants from Dominica is likely to be overstated. 

10 



INTRODUCTION 




This Yearbook provides immigration data for 1995 along with 
related historical information. The major areas covered 
include: immigrants admitted for legal permanent residence; 
refugees approved and admitted; nonimmigrant arrivals (e.g., 
tourists, students, etc.); aliens naturalized; and aliens 
apprehended and expelled. 

The statistics for 1995 reflect a decline in immigration to the 
United States; an all-time high in the number of tourists to the 
United States; and an increase in the number of deportable 
aliens apprehended. 

Highlights for 1995 include: 

• 720,461 persons were granted legal permanent resident 
status in fiscal year 1995, a decrease of nearly 84,000 
from the year before. 

• Mexico was the country of birth of 89,932 
immigrants — the most of any country (12.5 percent). 
More than 37 percent of all immigrants were bom in Asia. 

• Two-thirds of all immigrants intended to reside in six 
states: California, New York, Florida, Texas, New 
Jersey, and Illinois. 

• Nearly one of four immigrants intended to reside in New 
York City or Los Angeles. 

• The republics of the former Soviet Union surpassed all other 
countries for refugee arrivals with 33,119 (34.7 percent). 

• More than 22.6 million nonimmigrants were 
admitted — 78 percent were tourists. 

Nearly 54 percent of all nonimmigrants arrived at four ports: Miami, New York, Los Angeles, and 
Honolulu. 

More than 364,000 nonimmigrants entered the United States as foreign students. 

Mexico was the leading country of birth of naturalization with 67,277 new citizens. 

Nearly 50 percent of persons naturalizing during the 1981-95 period were born in Asia. 

The naturalization rates as of 1995 for immigrants admitted in 1977 range from Germany (16.8 
percent) to the People's Republic of China (65.5 percent). Naturalization rates tend to be the 
highest for Asian, Eastern European, and African countries. 

Apprehensions of deportable aliens increased to 1.4 million — a 27-percent increase from 1994. 

More than 32,000 criminal aliens were removed during 1995. 



11 



Chart A. Immigrants Admitted by Region of Birth: 
Selected Fiscal Years 1955-95 



Thousands 
1,600 



1,400 



1,200 



1,000 



800 



600 



400 



200 



— □ 



North America 



Asia 
>] Europe 

South America 
Other 




1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 



Source: 1980-95, Table 3; 1955-75, previous Yearbooks. See Glossary for fiscal year definitions. 



12 



I. IMMIGRANTS 



Immigrants, as defined by U.S. immigration law, are 
persons lawfully admitted for permanent residence in the 
United States. They either arrive in the United States with 
immigrant visas issued abroad, or adjust their status in the 
United States from temporary to permanent residence. 
Certain groups of immigrants are subject to a numerical 
cap, while others are exempt from the cap. 

More than 720,000 immigrants were 

granted legal permanent resident 

status during 1995. 



The number of legal immigrants admitted in fiscal year 
1995 totaled 720,461, 10.4 percent below the 804,416 
immigrants admitted in 1994, and 20.3 percent lower than 
the 904,292 immigrants admitted in 1993. ' The number of 
immigrants admitted in 1995 is lower than in previous 
years partly because of changes in immigrant processing 
as a result of a change in the immigration law. At the end 
of 1994, Congress added Section 245(i) to the Immigration 
and Nationality Act, which allows aliens who are living in 
the United States without authorization, but who are 
eligible to acquire immigrant status, to apply directly with 
the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS). In 
earlier years, these aliens would have had to leave the 
United States and apply through the U.S. Department of 
State (DOS) at a U.S. consulate abroad. 

Fiscal year 1995 was the first year of implementation 
under Section 245(i) in which a portion of immigrant visa 
processing shifted from the DOS to the INS. During this 
transition, many of the aliens who applied for adjustment 
in 1995 will gain permanent resident status in 1996. 
Although the exact number is unknown, the largest impact 
of this shift in the application process occurs in the 
categories exempt from numerical limitation, such as 
immediate relatives of U.S. citizens. 



The decline in immigration in fiscal year 1995 occurred in 
four principal categories. 

♦ Decline in Employment-based Admissions 

Employment-based admissions were below the limit for the 
third consecutive year, with entries well below the annual 



All years cited refer lo the federal fiscal year which ends on September 30 



minimum limit of 140,000. Employment-based immigration 
declined from 123,291 in 1994 to 85,336 in 1995, a 31- 
percent decrease. Contributing to this decline was the near 
completion of the Chinese Student Protection Act (CSPA) 
program which utilized employment visa authority to admit 
Chinese nationals who were in the United States in 1989. 
Only 4,213 CSPA immigrants were admitted in 1995, 17,084 
below the 1994 total. Employment-based visas were 
immediately available in 1995 to all skilled workers except 
for nationals of the People's Republic of China and the 
Philippines. There continues to be a backlog for unskilled 
worker visas from all countries since the demand for visas 
exceeds the annual limit of 10,000. 

♦ Provision for Dependents of IRCA Legalized 
Aliens Ends 

The provision allowing up to 55,000 dependents of aliens 
legalized under the Immigration Reform and Control Act 
(IRCA) of 1986 to receive permanent residence ended in 
1995. About 52,000 aliens were admitted under this provision 
in 1992, 55,000 in 1993, and 34,000 in 1994. Only 277 aliens 
entered in 1995 as the program ended. The spouses and 
children of legalized aliens, however, continue to be eligible 
to enter under the family second preference or as immediate 
relatives of U.S. citizens if their petitioner naturalizes. 

♦ Immigrants Admitted as Spouses and Parents of 
U.S. Citizens Decline 

The number of spouses of U.S. citizens decreased by 15 
percent between 1994 and 1995 to 123,238, the lowest 
number admitted since 1984. The countries with the 
largest decreases were the Dominican Republic (7,816, -52 
percent), Mexico (6,004, -30 percent), and the Philippines 
(3,042, -22 percent). After two decades of increases, the 
number of parents of U.S. citizens declined for the third 
consecutive year. The number of parents admitted reached 
a high of 64,764 in 1992, but has declined by 25 percent 
since then, totaling only 48,382 in 1995. 

♦ Refugee Adjustments Decline Slightly 

The number of refugees adjusting to immigrant status 
declined by 7.5 percent to 106,827 in 1995, reflecting 
recent decreases in the number of refugees admitted into 
the United States. Refugees are eligible to adjust to 
permanent resident status one year after their arrival. 

While immigration decreased for most categories and areas 
of the world, there were two exceptions. 

♦ African Immigration Increases 

Immigration increased by 58.9 percent for aliens born in 
Africa, reaching a total of 42,456 in 1995 — the highest 



13 



Chart B. Immigrants Admitted to the United States from the Top Five 
Countries of Last Residence: 1821 to 1995 



Thousands 
16,000 -i 



14,000 - 



12,000 - 



10,000 - 



8,000 



6,000 - 



4,000 - 



2,000 - 



Ireland 

Germany 

United 
Kingdom 

France 

Canada 

Other 



Germany 

United 
Kingdom 

Ireland 

Canada 

Norway/ 
Sweden 

Other 



Ireland 




Germany 

United 
Kingdom 




Other 







Germany 



United 
Kingdom 



Ireland 



Italy 



Austria/ 
Hungary 



Soviet 
Union 



Canada 



United 
Kingdom 



Mexico 

Philippines 

China ' 

Dominican 
Republic 

India 

Other 



Mexico 

Canada 

Cuba 

Philippines 

United 
Kingdom 

Other 



Canada 

Germany 

Italy 

Mexico 

United 
Kingdom 

Other 



Germany 

Canada 

Mexico 

United 
Kingdom 

Italy 

Other 




Includes People's Republic of China and Taiwan. 2 Fifteen-year period. Source: Table 2. See Glossary for fiscal year definitions. 



14 



ever recorded for that continent. The increase in African 
immigration was primarily due to the new Diversity 
Program under the Immigration Act of 1990 that began in 
1995. This Diversity program allows for the annual 
immigration of up to 55,000 persons from countries which 
have experienced relatively low levels of immigration in 
past years. 

♦ Immigration of Spouses and Children of 
Permanent Residents Increases 

The number of spouses and children of legal permanent 
residents (family second preference) increased from 115,000 
in 1994 to 144,535 in 1995 due to an increase in the annual 
limits. The unused employment visas in any year are 
carried over in the following year and used to determine the 
family-sponsored preference limit. 

U.S. Immigration Program 

U.S. law gives preferential immigration status to persons 
with a close family relationship with a U.S. citizen or legal 
permanent resident, persons with needed job skills, or 
persons who qualify as refugees. Immigrants in other 
categories usually account for relatively few admissions. 
Since 1989, however, nearly 2.7 million former illegal 
aliens have gained permanent resident status through the 
legalization provisions of IRCA. 

Immigration to the United States in 1995 can be divided 
into two general categories: 1) those subject to the 
numerical cap and 2) those not subject to the numerical cap. 

Immigration Subject to the Numerical Cap 

Annual Cap on Immigration 

The Immigration Act of 1990 (IMMACT90) created an 
annual cap of 675,000 immigrants (excluding refugee and 
asylee adjustments and certain other categories). The cap 
encompasses 480,000 family-sponsored immigrants, 140,000 
employment-based immigrants, and 55,000 Diversity 
immigrants. Immediate relatives of U.S. citizens are family- 
sponsored immigrants but, unlike other family-sponsored 
immigrants, the number of immediate relatives who may 
enter in any year is unlimited. The cap can be exceeded, 
therefore, if the number of immediate relatives of U.S. 
citizens and other family-sponsored immigrants admitted 
exceeds 480,000. The cap can also exceed 675,000 in any 
year to the extent that family and employment visas went 
unused in the preceding year, since unused visas may be 
carried over for use in the subsequent year. 

Preference Immigrants 

The Immigration Act of 1990 maintained a preference 
system for legal immigrants rooted in family relationships 
and job skills. Table A provides a detailed description of 



the categories and limits for 1995. The Department of 
State is responsible for determining the annual limits and 
visa allocation. The Department of State calculates the 
number of visas for the preference categories each year 
based on usage during the preceding year, and within a 
minimum of 366,000 visas. 2 The per-country limit is also 
calculated annually and is limited to 7 percent of the 
annual total; the limit for dependent areas is 2 percent of 
the annual total. The maximum number of visas allowed 
under the preference system in 1995 was 
400,224 — 253,721 for family-sponsored immigrants and 
146,503 for employment-based immigrants. Within these 
overall limits, no more than 28,016 preference visas could 
be issued to persons born in any independent country and 
no more than 8,004 to natives of a dependent area. 

In 1990, Congress made the largest changes in family- 
sponsored preferences with modifications to the second 
preference category. The change effectively reduced the 
number of visas available for adult children of legal 
permanent residents beginning in 1992 and increased the 
number of visas available for spouses and minor children. 
Exemption from the per-country limit also allowed spouses 
and minor children of legal permanent residents from 
particular high-demand countries {e.g., Mexico and the 
Dominican Republic) to immigrate to the United States sooner 
than would have been possible under the previous system. 

In addition to increasing the level of employment-based 
immigration, IMMACT90 allotted a higher proportion of 
visas to highly skilled immigrants. Prior to IMMACT90, 
27,000 visas were issued to highly skilled immigrants and 
their family members and 27,000 were issued to certain 
skilled workers, unskilled workers, and their family 
members. Beginning in 1992, approximately 110,000 
visas became available to skilled immigrants and 10,000 
to unskilled workers. ' 

Transition Categories during 1992-94 

IMMACT90 made visas available during the 1992-94 
transition for up to 55,000 spouses and minor children of 
aliens legalized under IRCA. It limited the number of 
visas issued each year to 55,000 minus the amount by 
which immediate relative immigrants exceeded 239,000 in 
the previous year. In 1994, only 32,776 of these visas 
were granted because the number of immediate relatives 
visas exceeded 239,000 in 1993. 



* The 366,000 figure is (he sum of the 226,000 minimum for family- 
sponsored preferences and the 140,000 minimum for employment- 
sponsored preferences. See Appendix 2. 

The 110.000 visas reserved for highly skilled immigrants and their 
family members are allocated under the employment-based first, second, 
and third preferences Needed unskilled workers are limited to 10,000 
visas under a special category in the third preference. The remaining 
20,000 visas in the employment-based preferences are provided to special 
immigrants and immigrant investors who create jobs in the United States. 



15 



In 1990, Congress also sought to make visas available to 
countries adversely affected by the Immigration and 
Nationality Act Amendments of 1965. IMMACT90 
allowed for 40,000 immigrants to enter as Diversity 
immigrants each year during the transition period. 
Natives of 34 countries were eligible for the program in 
1992, based on a decrease in total immigration after the 
1965 amendments went into effect. 4 Congress also 
reserved a minimum of 40 percent of the 120,000 visas 



Natives of Canada were added to the eligibility list beginning in fiscal 
year 1993. 



issued over the 3-year period for natives of Ireland. This 
transitional Diversity program was replaced with a 
permanent program beginning in 1995, however, a total 
of 1,404 unused transitional visas were also made 
available in 1995. 

Diversity Program beginning in 1995 

Beginning in 1995 a total of 55,000 visas were made 
available annually to nationals of certain countries under 
the permanent Diversity Program. Nationals of countries 
with more than 50,000 numerically limited admissions 



Table A 
Categories of Immigrants Subject to the Numerical Cap: Unadjusted and Fiscal Year 1995 Limits 



Preference 



Provision 



Unadjusted FY 1995 
limit limit 



Family-sponsored immigrants 

Family-sponsored preferences 

First Unmarried adult sons and daughters of U.S. citizens 

Second Spouses, children, and unmarried adult sons and daughters of 

permanent resident aliens 

Third Married sons and daughters of U.S. citizens 

Fourth Brothers and sisters of U.S. citizens (at least 21 years of age) 

Immediate relatives of adult U.S. citizens (spouses, children, and parents) and 
children born abroad to alien residents 

Employment-based preferences 



First 

Second 

Third 

Fourth 
Fifth 

Diversity 

Diversity Transition 



Priority Workers 

Professionals with advanced degrees or aliens of exceptional ability 

Skilled workers, professionals, needed unskilled workers 
and Chinese Student Protection Act 

Special immigrants 

Employment creation ("Investors") 



465,000 ' 507,721 

226,000 253,721 
23,400 2 23,400 



114,200 ' 


141,921 ' 


23,400 ' 


23,400 ' 


65,000 ' 


65,000 ' 


Assumed 


Assumed 


254,000 ' 


254,000 ' 


140,000 


146,503 


40,040 4 


41,858 4 


40,040 


41,858 ' 


40,040 ' 


41,858 ' 


9,940 


10,465 


9,940 


10,464 


55,000 


55,000 


- 


1,404 



Total 



675,000 ' 710,628 



NOTE: The annual limit is adjusted based on visa usage in the previous year. 

1 The number of immediate relatives of U.S. citizens included in these figures is assumed to be 254,000. Immediate relatives may enter without any 
limitation; however, the limit for family-sponsored preference visas in fiscal year 1995 is equal to 480,000 minus the number of immediate relatives 
admitted in the preceding year. The limit on family-sponsored preference visas cannot go below a minimum of 226.000 — the worldwide limit of 480,000 
minus 254,000. 2 Plus unused family 4th preference visas. ' Visas not used in higher preferences may be used in these categories. 4 Plus unused 
employment 4th and 5th preference visas. - Represents zero. 



16 



Chart C 
Immigrants Admitted: Fiscal Years 1900-95 




1900 



1910 



1920 



1930 



1940 



1950 



1960 



1970 



1980 



1990 1995 



Source: Table 1. See Glossary for fiscal year definitions. 



over the preceding 5 years are excluded from participating 
in the Diversity Program. Each of the eligible countries is 
assigned to one of 6 regions and limits are determined by 
INS for each region. The limits are calculated annually 
using a formula based on the preceding 5 years' immigrant 
admissions and the region's population total. The 
maximum visa limit per country is 3,850. 

Immigration Exempt from the Numerical Cap 

Immigration usually totals more than the numerical limit 
of 675,000, and for some countries is more than the per- 
country limit, because certain immigrants are exempt from 
the numerical cap. The major categories of immigrants 
exempt from the numerical cap are: 

♦ Refugee and asylee adjustments; 

♦ Certain parolees from the Soviet Union and Indochina; 

♦ Suspensions of deportation; and 

♦ Aliens who applied for adjustment of status after having 
unlawfully resided in the United States since January 1, 
1982 IRC A legalization) and certain special agricultural 
workers. (The application period ended on November 
30, 1988 and most recipients of this status gained 
permanent resident status in fiscal years 1989-92.) 



Data Overview 

Approximately 9.7 million immigrants were granted 
permanent resident status during the past 10 years (1986- 
95), including 1.6 million legalized aliens who initially 
entered the United States before 1982. In comparison, 
during the decade beginning in 1905, when immigration to 
the United States was at its highest level, admissions 
totaled 10.1 million. Although similar in number, arrivals 
expressed as rates of immigration relative to the total U.S. 
population during these two time periods are quite 
different. The average annual number of immigrants 
admitted from 1986-95 was 3.9 immigrants per thousand 
U.S. residents; the annual rate during 1905-14 was 11.1. 

Immigration to the United States reached its lowest point 
during the Great Depression; in some years during the 
1930s more persons left the United States than entered. 
Immigration has generally increased since the end of 
World War II, and during 1991 it reached the highest total 
ever recorded (Chart C) as a result of the legalization 
programs. The number of persons granted permanent 
resident status in 1992 and 1993 decreased to 974,000 and 
904,000, respectively, principally due to decreases in the 
number of adjustments under the legalization provisions. 



17 



The total number of immigrants in a fiscal year includes 
those who arrived from overseas with immigrant visas and 
those who completed adjustment to immigrant status 
during the year. New arrivals do not correspond exactly to 
visas issued overseas by the Department of State. 

Immigration Subject to the Numerical Cap 

Family-sponsored preferences 

The number of family-sponsored preference immigrants 
admitted in 1995 was 238,122, an increase of 12 percent 
from 1994 (Table B). Since there are more than 3.5 
million persons who have been approved and are awaiting 
family-sponsored preference visas, the year-to-year 
fluctuations in arrivals are based on changes in the annual 
limit. Not coincidentally, the limit on family-sponsored 
visas also increased by 12 percent between fiscal years 



1994 and 1995, from 226,000 to 253,721. As usual, 
admissions were lower than visa issuances because some 
intending immigrants decided not to migrate to the United 
States after they received their visas or will immigrate 
during the next fiscal year. 

More than 60 percent of the family-sponsored preference 
immigrants in 1995 were admitted under the second 
preference category as spouses and children of permanent 
residents (144,535). This represents an increase of 26 
percent from the year before, while the annual limit on 
second preference visas increased by nearly the same 
percent. ! More than 69,000 second preference immigrants 
were exempted from the per-country limit. This exemption 



The family second preference limit increased from 1 14,200 in 1994 to 
141,921 in 1995. Any unused visas among the 23,400 allocated to first 
preference visas were added to the second preference limits in both years. 



Chart D 
Immigrants Admitted as Immediate Relatives of U.S. Citizens: Fiscal Years 1970-95 



Thousands 
160 -, 



140 - 



120 - 



100 - 



80 - 



60 - 



40 - 



20 



Spouses 




-\ — i 1 1 1 — ■ 1 — ■ 1 — ■ — | 1 — | 1 — | ■ — | — i 1 — ■ 1 — i 1 — i 1 — ' 

1971 1973 1975 1977 1979 1981 1983 1985 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 



Source: Table 4 



18 



Table B 
Immigrants Admitted by Major Category of Admission: Fiscal Year 1995 



Category of admission 



1995 



1994 



Number 



Change 



Percent 



All immigrants 

Subject to numerical cap 

Family-sponsored immigrants 

Family-sponsored preferences 

Unmarried sons/daughters of 

U.S. citizens 

Spouses & children of alien 

residents 

Married sons/daughters of 

U.S. citizens 

Siblings of U.S. citizens 

Immediate relatives of U.S. citizens 

Spouses ' 

Parents 

Children 2 

Children born abroad to alien 

residents 

Legalization dependents 

Employment-based immigrants 

Priority workers 

Professionals with advanced degrees 

or of exceptional ability 

Skilled, professionals, unskilled 

Chinese Student Protection Act .. 

Needed unskilled workers 

Others 

Special immigrants 

Investors 

Diversity Programs 

Diversity transition 

Diversity 

Not subject to numerical cap 

Refugees and asylees 

Refugee adjustments 

Asylee adjustments 

Parolees (Soviet Union & Indochina) 

Suspension of deportation 

Total, IRCA legalization 

Resident since 1982 

Special Agricultural Workers 

Other 



720,461 



804,416 



-83,955 



-10.4 



593,234 


662,029 


-68,795 


-10.4 


460,376 


463,608 


-3,232 


-0.7 


238,122 


211,961 


26,161 


12.3 



15,182 



144,535 



13,181 



115,000 



2,001 



29,535 



15.2 



25.7 



20,876 


22,191 


-1,315 


-5.9 


57,529 


61,589 


-4,060 


-6.6 


220,360 


249,764 


-29,404 


-11.8 


123,238 


145,247 


-22,009 


-15.2 


48,382 


56,370 


-7,988 


-14.2 


48,740 


48,147 


593 


1.2 


1,894 


1,883 


11 


.6 


277 


34,074 


-33,797 


-99.2 


85,336 


123,291 


-37,955 


-30.8 


17,339 


21,053 


-3,714 


-17.6 


10,475 


14,432 


-3,957 


-27.4 


50,245 


76,956 


-26,777 


-34.7 


4,213 


21,297 


-17,084 


-80.2 


7,884 


9,390 


-1,506 


-16.0 


38,148 


46,269 


-8,121 


-17.6 


6,737 


10,406 


-3,669 


-35.3 


540 


444 


96 


21.6 


47,245 


41,056 


6,189 


15.1 


6,944 


41,056 


-34,112 


-83.1 


40,301 


X 


X 


X 


127,227 


142,387 


-15,160 


-10.6 


114,664 


121,434 


-6,770 


-5.6 


106,827 


115,451 


-8,624 


-7.5 


7,837 


5,983 


1,854 


31.0 


3,086 


8,253 


-5,167 


-62.6 


3,168 


2,220 


948 


42.7 


4,267 


6,022 


-7,755 


-29.7 


3,124 


4,436 


-1,312 


-29.6 


1,143 


1,586 


-443 


-27.9 


2,042 


4,458 


-2,416 


-54.2 



Includes fiances(ees) of U.S. citizens. 
X Not applicable. Source: Table 4. 



Includes children of fiances(ees) of US. citizens. 



19 



has allowed for increases in immigration for persons born in 
Mexico and the Dominican Republic, and decreased their 
waiting times to enter the United States. The leading 
countries of birth for family second preference immigrants 
in 1995 were Mexico (52,167), the Dominican Republic 
(15,334), the Philippines (9,884), and India (8,135). Nearly 
three out of four visas issued to Mexicans under the family 
second preference were exempt from the per-country limit. 

The second largest category of family-sponsored 
immigrants includes brothers and sisters of U.S. citizens 
and their families (fourth preference), which is limited to 
65,000 each year. Approximately 57,500 family fourth 
preference immigrants entered in 1995; their leading 
countries of birth were India (7,825), Mexico (5,700), the 
Philippines (4,360), Vietnam (4,313), and the People's 
Republic of China (3,865). 

The other family-sponsored preferences are the first 
preference (unmarried sons and daughters of U.S. citizens) 
and the third preference (married sons and daughters of 
U.S. citizens). Nearly half of all first preference 
immigrants were born in Mexico (1,979), the Philippines 
(1,675), the Dominican Republic (1,332), Jamaica (1,313), 
or Cuba (1,169). The leading source countries for the 
family third preference immigrants in 1995 included 
Poland (2,468), Mexico (2,031), the People's Republic of 
China (1,833), and the Philippines (1,757). 

Immediate Relatives of U.S. Citizens 

Unlike family-sponsored preference immigrants, 
immediate relatives of U.S. citizens may enter without 
limitation. In 1995 the total number of immediate 
relatives admitted declined by 12 percent to 220,360. The 
number of spouses declined by 15 percent, parents 
decreased by 14 percent; however, the number of children 
increased by 1 percent. 

The number of spouses admitted in 1995 totaled 123,238, 
the lowest number of annual admissions since 1984. The 
leading source countries for spouses of U.S. citizens in 
1995 were Mexico (13,824), the Philippines (10,744), the 
Dominican Republic (7,078), the United Kingdom (5,018), 
Canada (4,388), and India (3,893). The countries with the 
largest decreases between fiscal years 1994 and 1995 were 
the Dominican Republic (7,816, -52 percent), Mexico 
(6,004, -30 percent), the Philippines (3,042, -22 percent), 
and Germany (955, -21 percent). The number of Mexican 
spouses of U.S. citizens approached 33,000 in 1986, but 
has generally decreased since then. 

After two decades of annual increases, the number of 
parents of U.S. citizens declined for the third consecutive 
year. The number of parents admitted reached a high of 



64,764 in 1992, but has declined by 25 percent since then, 
totaling only 48,382 in 1995. Parents of U.S. citizens 
primarily were born in Asian countries (57 percent). The 
leading source countries included the Philippines (5,680), 
the People's Republic of China (5,118), India (4,675), 
Mexico (4,348), and Iran (2,771). 

The increase in the number of children of U.S. citizens is 
largely due to an increase in the number of orphans 
admitted. The number of orphans admitted in 1995 was 
9,384, an increase of 14.4 percent over 1994. The number 
of Chinese orphans increased from 330 in 1993, to 748 in 

1994, but jumped to 2,049 in 1995. Other leading source 
countries were Russia (1,684), Korea (1,570), Guatemala 
(436), and India (368). The number of Korean orphans 
reached a high of 6,118 in 1986 and has declined in each 
subsequent year. Other children of U.S. citizens remained 
virtually unchanged between fiscal years 1994 and 1995. 
Nearly 47 percent of the children of U.S. citizens (other 
than orphans) were born in the Dominican Republic, the 
Philippines, or Mexico. 

Effect of Section 245(i) Adjustment Processing 

The demand for immediate relative visas in 1995 was 
greater than indicated by the decrease in number of 
admissions due to a change in immigrant visa application 
procedures. At the end of 1994, Section 245(i) was added 
to the immigration law allowing illegal residents who were 
entitled to immigrant status to remain in the United States 
and to adjust to permanent resident status by applying at an 
INS office. Prior to 1995, most illegal residents were 
required to leave the United States and acquire a visa 
abroad from the U.S. Department of State (DOS). This 
change in procedures shifted a large portion of the visa 
processing workload from the DOS to the INS. 

The INS received nearly 203,000 applications for 
adjustment to permanent resident status in 1994. 6 The 
number of requests for adjustment increased to more than 
470,000 in 1995, including more than 224,000 Section 
245(i) applications. This represents a 132-percent increase 
between fiscal years 1994 and 1995. The INS was granted 
additional resources and personnel to process these 
applications toward the end of 1995; therefore, there were 
temporary delays in processing the applications. Prior to 

1995, the normal working backlog of applications for 
adjustment was approximately 100,000. By the end of 
1995, the backlog had increased to 288,000. 

Aliens may apply for adjustment only after an immigrant 
visa is immediately available to them; historically more 
than 90 percent of the applications for adjustment have 



Excluding refugee and asylee adjustments 



20 



been approved. Most of the 288,000 persons awaiting a 
decision, therefore, will be allowed to adjust from a 
temporary to a permanent resident status. For those 
immigrants subject to numerical limitation, the increase in 
adjustments will be offset by a decrease in the number of 
visas issued abroad by the DOS. This will occur because 
the DOS regulates the number of visas processed so thai 
actual issuances match the annual limits. Just as the DOS 
will decrease their overseas visa issuances in 1996, they 
increased their visas issuance in 1995 to reach the annual 
limits. The effect of Section 245(i) processing in 1995, 
therefore, is concentrated in categories not subject to 
limitation such as immediate relatives of U.S. citizens. 
The number of immediate relative admissions is likely to 
increase in 1996 as the INS continues to work on 
eliminating the backlog. 

Legalization Dependents 

A maximum of 55,000 dependents of aliens legalized 
under the IRCA were allowed to receive permanent 
residence in 1992, 1993, and 1994. About 52,000 aliens 
were admitted under this provision in 1992, 55,000 in 
1993, and 34,000 in 1994. Only 277 aliens entered in 
1995 as the program ended; however, these spouses and 
children of legalized aliens are eligible to enter under the 
family second preference, or if their petitioner becomes a 
naturalized citizen, they may enter without limitation as an 
immediate relative spouse or minor child. 

Diversity Immigrants 

The number of immigrants admitted under the two 
Diversity programs increased by 15 percent between fiscal 
years 1994 and 1995: the transition program primarily 
covered the years from 1992 to 1994, while the permanent 
program began in 1995. 

The number of transitional Diversity immigrants admitted 
decreased from 41,056 in 1994 to 6,944 in 1995 as the 
program ended. Many of the 1 995 immigrants were issued 
visas in 1994 but entered the United States early in 1995. 
Another 1 ,404 unused transition Diversity visas were carried 
over from 1994 and issued in 1995. The Diversity transition 
immigrants were natives of countries that Congress 
determined to be adversely affected by the Immigration and 
Nationality Act Amendments of 1965. Potential immigrants 
among the eligible countries were selected through a 
postcard lottery, with a minimum of 40 percent of the visas 
issued to natives of Ireland. The leading source countries of 
those admitted in 1995 were Ireland (4,307), Poland (1,320), 
and the United Kingdom (800). 

The first immigrants admitted under the permanent 
Diversity program arrived in 1995. Although all of the 



55,000 Diversity visas were issued in 1995, many were 
issued toward the end of the fiscal year, resulting in only 
40,301 Diversity immigrants entering during the year. As 
was the case for the transitional program, aliens are selected 
for the permanent Diversity program through a postcard 
lottery, although the selection criteria for the two programs 
differ. Nationals of countries with relatively high numbers 
of immigrant admissions are excluded from participating in 
the Diversity program. Each of the eligible countries is 
placed in one of 6 geographic regions. An annual limit is 
determined for each of the 6 regions using a formula based 
on the preceding five years' immigrant admissions and the 
region's population total. Under this method, Europe was 
allocated 24,549 visas in 1995 and Africa was allocated 
20,200 visas. No single country can receive more than 
3,850 Diversity visas. The leading countries of admission 
in 1995 were Poland (3,596), Ethiopia (3,088), Nigeria 
(2,407), Egypt (2,229), and Romania (1,992). 

Employment-based Preferences 

The reforms of IMMACT90 increased the maximum 
number of employment-based immigrants from 54,000 in 
1991 to 140,000 in 1992. The actual number of 
employment-based immigrants has been lower than 140,000 
for the past three years, and totaled only 85,336 in 1995. 
Employment-based visas were immediately available to all 
skilled workers in 1995 except for nationals of the People's 
Republic of China and the Philippines, who were subject to 
per-country limitations. There continues to be a backlog for 
unskilled worker visas for all countries since the demand for 
these visas exceeds the annual limit of 10,000. 

Nearly 59 percent of the employment-based immigrants 
admitted in 1995 entered under the third preference. The 
50,245 immigrants admitted under this category included 
skilled workers, professionals, needed unskilled workers, 
their families, and aliens subject to the Chinese Student 
Protection Act (CSPA). The CSPA allowed certain 
Chinese nationals living in the United States to adjust to 
permanent resident status under the employment third 
preference. These Chinese students and other temporary 
residents had formerly been provided temporary safe 
haven in the wake of the Tiananmen Square incident in the 
spring of 1989. The employment-based totals in 1993 and 
1994 both included more than 20,000 aliens admitted 
under the CSPA. The number of CSPA immigrants 
admitted in 1995 decreased to 4,213 as the adjustment 
program neared closure. 

There were declines in immigration among the other 
employment third preference categories as well. The 
number of skilled workers and professionals decreased by 
18 percent to 38,148. The number of unskilled workers, 



21 



limited to 10,000 annually, added 7,884 to total 
immigration in 1995. An unusually high number of 
unskilled worker visas were issued towards the end of the 
year, so many aliens had not had enough time to enter the 
United States before the year ended. 7 The number of 
unskilled workers admitted in 1996, therefore, is likely to 
be greater than the 10,000 limit. 

The number of immigrants admitted under the first 
preference priority category in 1995 was 17,339 — 6,733 
workers and 10,606 family members. More than 58 
percent of these workers were multinational executives or 
managers. Other immigrants admitted under the first 
preference included aliens with extraordinary ability and 
outstanding professors or researchers. The next highest 
category in 1995 was the second preference. A total of 
10,475 professionals with advanced degrees or aliens of 
exceptional ability and their family members entered under 
the second preference, a decrease of 27 percent compared 
to 1994. Special immigrants entering under the 
employment fourth preference numbered 6,737 in 1995. 
This category included ministers, religious workers, former 
employees of the U.S. government, and retired employees 
of international organizations. More than one in three of 
the 1995 special immigrants were religious workers. The 



Immigrant visas may be used up to 4 months after issuance. 



number of persons entering under the employment fifth 
preference, the employment creation or "Investor" 
category, was only 540 in 1995, a 22 percent increase from 
the year before, but well below the 10,464 allowed by law. 

Immigrants Exempt from the Numerical Cap 

Nearly 18 percent of the immigrants admitted in 1995 
were not subject to the numerical cap. The largest 
category of unrestricted immigrants included refugee and 
asylee adjustments. A total of 106,827 refugees adjusted 
to permanent resident status in 1995, a 7.5-percent 
decrease from 1994 (Table B). Refugees are eligible to 
become immigrants 1 year after they enter the United 
States; therefore, there is a lag between their arrival and 
adjustment to permanent residency. Most of the refugees 
who adjusted in 1995 entered the United States in 1994. 
The decrease in 1995 refugee adjustments reflects 
decreases in the number of refugee arrivals in earlier years. 
The leading countries of birth of refugees included 
Vietnam (28,592), Ukraine (14,749), Cuba (12,039), and 
Russia (7,839). 

Asylees must also wait 1 year after they gain asylee status 
to apply for permanent resident status and, until 1992, there 
was a limit of 5,000 adjustments per year. IMMACT90 
increased the annual limit to 10,000 and exempted asylees 
who had applied for adjustment before June 1, 1990 from 



Table C 
Percent of Immigrants Admitted by Region and Period: Fiscal Years 1955-95 



Region 


1955-95 


1955-64 


1965-74 


1975-84 


1985-89 


1990-94 


1995 


All regions 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


Europe 


19.9 


50.2 


29.8 


13.4 


9.5 


11.8 


17.8 


North and West .... 


8.6 


28.6 
21.6 

7.7 


11.0 
18.7 

22.4 


5.2 
8.1 

43.3 


4.5 
5.1 

39.0 


3.7 
8.1 

28.2 


4.3 




11.3 


13.5 


Asia 


30.2 


37.2 




2.2 


.7 


1.5 


2.4 


2.7 


2.5 


5.9 




.6 


.4 


.7 


.8 


.6 


.4 


.7 




41.1 


35.9 
7.0 


39.6 
18.0 


33.6 
15.1 


41.7 
13.9 


51.7 
9.2 


32.1 




12.7 


13.4 




4.6 


2.4 
26.4 


2.5 
19.0 


3.7 
14.8 


6.2 
21.6 


6.8 
35.7 


4.4 


Other N. America . 


23.8 


14.3 




5.9 


5.1 


6.0 


6.6 


6.4 


5.3 


6.3 








Source: 1981-95. Table 3; 


1955-80, previous Yearbooks. 














22 

















Table D 
Immigrants Admitted from Top Twenty Countries of Birth: Fiscal Year 1995 



Change 



Category of admission 



1995 



1994 



Number 



Percent 



All countries 720,461 

1. Mexico 

2. Philippines 

3. Vietnam 

4. Dominican Republic 

5. China, People's Republic 

6. India 

7. Cuba 

8. Ukraine 

9. Jamaica 

10. Korea 

11. Russia 

12. Haiti 

13. Poland 

14. Canada 

15. United Kingdom 

16. El Salvador 

17. Colombia 

18. Pakistan 

19. Taiwan 

20. Iran 

Other 242,558 



804,416 



89,932 


111,398 


50,984 


53,535 


41,752 


41,345 


38,512 


51,189 


35,463 


53,985 


34,748 


34,921 


17,937 


14,727 


17,432 


21,010 


16,398 


14,349 


16,047 


16,011 


14,560 


15,249 


14,021 


13,333 


13,824 


28,048 


12,932 


16,068 


12,427 


16,326 


11,744 


17,644 


10,838 


10,847 


9,774 


8,698 


9,377 


10,032 


9,201 


11,422 



-83,955 



-10.4 



■21,466 


-19.3 


-2,551 


-4.8 


407 


1.0 


•12,677 


-24.8 


•18,522 


-34.3 


-173 


-.5 


3,210 


21.8 


-3,578 


-17.0 


2,049 


14.3 


36 


.2 


-689 


-4.5 


688 


5.2 


■14,224 


-50.7 


-3,136 


-19.5 


-3,899 


-23.9 


-5,900 


-33.4 


-9 


-.1 


1,076 


12.4 


-655 


-6.5 


-2,221 


-19.4 



244,279 



-1,721 



any numerical restrictions. As a result, the number of 
asylee adjustments increased from 4,937 in 1990 to 22,664 
in 1992. The number of asylee adjustments decreased to 
7,837 in 1995 as the backlog of those waiting for 
adjustment declined. The leading countries of birth for 
asylees in 1995 were the People's Republic of China (772), 
Nicaragua (686), Yugoslavia 8 (428), Haiti (408), and 
Ethiopia (400). The median length of time they resided in 
the country before adjustment was 4 years. 

Amerasian children who were fathered by U.S. citizens 
from 1962 to 1975 were allowed to immigrate to the 
United States beginning in 1988. The number of 
Amerasians and parolees decreased significantly between 
fiscal years 1994 and 1995. Amerasians admitted as 
immigrants in 1995 decreased by nearly 67 percent to 939. 



Includes Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Slovenia, and the former 
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. 



The number of Amerasians will continue to decline 
because almost all of the eligible Amerasians have 
migrated to the United States. The category "Parolees, 
Soviet and Indochinese" refers to aliens born in Indochina 
or the republics of the former Soviet Union who were 
denied refugee status abroad and paroled into the United 
States between August 15, 1988 and September 30, 1997. 
They have been allowed to adjust to permanent resident 
status since 1991. The number of these adjustments 
decreased by 63 percent between fiscal years 1994 and 
1995 to 3,086. 

The Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 
established two major legalization provisions. A two-step 
legalization process applied to 1) unauthorized aliens who 
had resided in the United States continuously since 1982 
and 2) unauthorized agricultural workers who worked in 
certain perishable crops for at least 90 days during 1986. 
Approximately 1 .76 million persons applied for temporary 



23 



resident status (first step) under the 1982 requirement and 
1.28 million persons applied as agricultural workers. 
Nearly 1.6 million aliens who had resided in the United 
States since 1982 and nearly 1.09 million Special 
Agricultural Workers were granted permanent resident 
status (second step) during the 1989-94 period. Since 
most of the persons eligible for adjustment had attained 
that status in 1994 or earlier, the number of adjustments in 
both programs in 1995 numbered only 4,267. 

Region and Country 

The largest share of immigrants in 1995 was from Asia 
(37.2 percent), followed by North America (32. 1 percent) 
(Table C). African immigrants comprised only 5.9 percent 
of the total; however, the 42,456 African immigrants 
admitted in 1995 were the most ever recorded for that 
region. Most of the increase in African immigration 
between 1994 and 1995 was due to admissions under the 
Diversity Program that began in 1995. 

Mexico was the leading source country of new 
immigrants with 89,932 immigrants or 12.5 percent of the 
total (Table D). Other leading sending countries included 
the Philippines (50,984), Vietnam (41,752), the 
Dominican Republic (38,512), and the People's Republic 
of China (35,463). The countries with the largest 
increases in immigration between fiscal years 1994 and 
1995 were Yugoslavia (4,902, 144.0 percent), Cuba 
(3,210, 21.8 percent), Nigeria (2,868, 72.6 percent), and 
Bangladesh (2,638, 76.8 percent). The countries with the 
largest decreases in immigration were Mexico (-21,466, 
-19.3 percent), the People's Republic of China (-18,522, 
-34.3 percent), Poland (-14,224, -50.7 percent), and the 
Dominican Republic (-12,677, -24.8 percent). 

Mexican immigration declined between 1994 and 1995 
in part due to the end of the provision for legalization 
dependents in 1994. Relatives of legalized aliens are 
now considered in turn for family-based second 
preference visas. If their legalized petitioner naturalizes, 
however, they may enter as immediate relatives of U.S. 
citizens. Mexican immigration was also lowered by the 
delay in processing Section 245(i) adjustment 
applications. 

The decrease in the number of immigrants from the 
People's Republic of China is primarily due to the near 
completion of the Chinese Student Protection Act. The 
number of immigrants from China entering under the 
CSPA declined by 18,453 between fiscal years 1994 and 
1995. Polish immigration declined in 1995 due to the end 
of the transitional Diversity program. 



Geographic Distribution 

Immigrants intended to settle in relatively few states and 
urban areas. The top six states of intended residence for 
immigrants admitted in 1995 were California, New York, 
Florida, Texas, New Jersey, and Illinois. These states 
accounted for two out of every three immigrants admitted in 
1995. They also have been the leading states of intended 
residence for new immigrants each year since 1971; 
California has been the leading state of residence every year 
since 1976. Among the leading states, immigration between 
fiscal years 1994 and 1995 was down 20 percent in 
California and Illinois, and up 7 percent in Florida. Other 
states with increases in immigration between 1994 and 1995 
were Georgia (23 percent), Minnesota (14 percent), and 
Michigan (11 percent). 

More than 23 percent of immigrants admitted in 1995 
intended to reside in either New York or Los Angeles. The 
leading metropolitan areas of intended residence included 
New York, NY (111,687) and Los Angeles-Long Beach, 
CA (54,669), followed by Chicago, IL (31,730), Miami- 
Hialeah, FL (30,935), Washington, DC-MD-VA (25,717), 
Orange County, CA (18,187), and Boston-Lowell- 
Brockton, MA (16,750). 

Sex and Age 

The sex ratio of the immigrants admitted in 1995 was 86 
males for every 100 females. This ratio is similar to 
recent historical levels; usually more females immigrate to 
the United States than males. During 1988-92, however, 
more men were admitted than women due to the IRCA 
legalization programs. In 1991, the peak year for IRCA 
legalization adjustments, the sex ratio reached 198 males 
for every 100 females. 

A comparison of age distributions shows that immigrants 
are relatively more concentrated in the age groups from 20 
to 34 years than the total U.S. population (Chart E). In 
1995, the median ages for the total U.S. population were 
33.1 years for males and 35.4 years for females. New 
immigrants in 1995 were younger, with median ages of 
27.4 years and 28.8 years, respectively. 

Occupation 

Approximately 34 percent of all immigrants admitted in 
1995 reported having an occupation at the time of entry or 
adjustment. Immigrants qualifying for immigrant status 
based on their job skills under the employment-based 
preferences (which totaled 37,444 admissions in 1995) 
enter the U.S. workforce in their reported occupations, as 
shown in Table 20. The remaining immigrants have 



24 



Chart E 
Percent Age and Sex Distribution of U.S. Population and Immigrants Admitted in Fiscal Year 1995 



10.0 



Age 




I | 




i 




|_ 




80 plus 




Male 




j" ' 


Female 




75 to 79 


































it 
















70 to 74 


1 Immigration, FY 1995 
1 U.S. Population 




65 to 69 










r 






60 to 64 
















— - 


55 to 59 


































50 to 54 










45 to 49 
















i 








40 to 44 






1 
















35 to 39 




i 






30 to 34 


1 


i 




25 to 29 






L~ 


i i 




20 to 24 










i 










15 to 19 






r~ 




1 






10 to 14 






"■ 




"T 






5 to 9 










1 








0to4 








j__ 


























■ i 










T ' 


1 ' 











8.0 



2.0 0.0 2.0 

Percent of total 



Source: U.S. population data are estimates for July 1, 1995 published by the U.S. Bureau of the Census, U.S. Population Estimates by Age, Sex, Race, 
andHispanic Origin: 1990 to 1995, Series PPL-41; immigrants, Table 12. 



reported either the occupation in their last job before 
immigration or the occupation in which they have been 
trained or are qualified to perform. 

More than 48 percent of the employment-based workers 
have a professional specialty or technical occupation. The 
leading occupational groups following professionals 
included: executive, administrative, and managerial (19.8 
percent); service (16.5 percent); precision production, 
craft, and repair (4.5 percent); and operator, fabricator, or 
laborer (3.6 percent). 

The leading occupations among the 17,906 immigrants 
reporting a professional or technical occupation were 
nurses (4,456); engineers (2,619); social, recreation, and 
religious workers (1,839); mathematical and computer 
scientists (1,231); natural scientists (1,230); and post- 
secondary teachers ( 1 , 1 66). Nearly two out of three of the 
priority workers (first preference employment-based) had 
an executive, administrative, or managerial occupation. 



The second preference professionals primarily were 
engineers (25.9 percent); executives, administrators, or 
managers (15.5); post-secondary teachers (11.5); 
physicians (10.5); and natural scientists (9.9). The third 
preference skilled workers included nurses (23.3 percent); 
service workers (19.5); and executives, administrators, or 
managers (10.1). Nearly two out of three immigrants 
admitted as needed unskilled workers reported service 
occupations, and two out of three special immigrants 
(employment fourth preference) were social, recreation, or 
religious workers. For most employment-based 
immigrants, labor certification from the Department of 
Labor is generally required so that the entry of such 
persons will not adversely affect U.S. workers' wages or 
working conditions. 

Data Collection 

Aliens arriving from outside the United States (new 
arrivals) generally must have a valid immigrant visa issued 



25 



by the U.S. Department of State to be admitted for legal 
permanent residence. Aliens already in the United States 
in a temporary status who are eligible to become legal 
permanent residents (adjustments) are granted immigrant 
status by the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service. 
The source of information on new arrivals is the 
immigrant visa (OF-155, Immigrant Visa and Alien 
Registration, U.S. Department of State), and the source of 
information on adjustments is the form granting legal 
permanent resident status (1-181, Memorandum of 
Creation of Record of Lawful Permanent Residence, U.S. 
Immigration and Naturalization Service). After the 
immigrant is admitted, the immigrant visa and adjustment 
forms are forwarded to the INS Immigrant Data Capture 
(IMDAC) facility for processing. The IMDAC facility 
generates records that are the source of the statistics on 
immigrants presented in this report. Variables collected 
include: port of admission; type (or class) of admission; 
country of birth, last residence, and nationality; age, sex, 
and marital status; occupation; original year of entry and 
class of entry for those adjusting from temporary to 
permanent residence; and the state and zip code of the 
immigrant's intended residence. 

Limitations of Data 

The number of immigrants admitted for legal permanent 
residence in a year is not the same as the number of net 



migrants who entered the United States in that year. The 
reasons for the difference in counts are: 

1) Immigrant adjustments are reported in the year the aliens 
adjust their status to lawful permanent residence and not in 
the year they migrate to the United States in a temporary or 
other (refugee or asylee) status. 

2) Some migrants (such as parolees, refugees, and asylees) 
may never be counted as lawful permanent residents even 
though they reside permanently in the United States (they 
are not required to adjust to permanent resident status). 

3) Information on emigration (immigrants permanently 
departing the United States) and information on net 
illegal immigration is not available (see Data Gaps 
section). 

Most immigrants adjusting to legal permanent resident 
status entered the United States on a permanent basis prior 
to their year of adjustment. All of the 4,267 immigrants 
who adjusted under the legalization provision of IRCA 
must have been lawful temporary residents of the United 
States since 1987, or earlier. Some of the others adjusting 
are refugees who must wait 1 year before applying for 
permanent residence status, and, therefore, do not appear as 
immigrants until they adjust their status. Some refugees 
may never appear as immigrants because they do not apply 
for permanent resident status, although most do adjust soon 
after they become eligible. 



26 



TABLE 1. IMMIGRATION TO THE UNITED STATES: FISCAL YEARS 1820 - 1995 



62,224327 
8,385 

143,439 

9,127 
6,911 
6,354 
7,912 
10,199 
10,837 
18,875 
27,382 
22,520 
23,322 

599,125 

22,633 
60,482 
58,640 
65,365 
45,374 
76,242 
79,340 
38,914 
68.069 
84,066 

1,713,251 

80,289 
104,565 
52,496 
78,615 
114,371 
154,416 
234,968 
226,527 
297,024 
369.980 

2,598,214 

379,466 
371,603 
368.645 
427,833 
200,877 
200,436 
251,306 
123,126 
121,282 
153,640 



2314 
91 

91 
176 
193 
248 
318 
315 
138 
352 
387 



1871-80 

1871 ... 

1872 ... 

1873 ... 

1874 ... 

1875 ... 

1876 ... 

1877 ... 

1878 ... 

1879 ... 
1880... 



1881-90 

1881 ... 

1882 ... 

1883 ... 

1884 ... 

1885 ... 

1886 ... 

1887 ... 

1888 ... 

1889 ... 

1890 ... 



1891-1900 

1891 

1892 

1893 

1894 

1895 

1896 

1897 

1898 

1899 

1900 



1901-10 

1901 ... 

1902 ... 

1903 ... 

1904 ... 

1905 ... 

1906 ... 

1907 ... 

1908 ... 

1909 ... 
1910... 



1911-20 

1911 ... 
1912... 

1913 ... 

1914 ... 
1915 

1916 ... 

1917 ... 

1918 ... 
1919... 
1920 ... 



2,812,191 

321,350 
404,806 
459,803 
313,339 
227,498 
169,986 
141,857 
138,469 
177,826 
457,257 

5,246,613 

669,431 
788,992 
603,322 
518,592 
395.346 
334,203 
490,109 
546,889 
444,427 
455,302 

3,687,564 
560,319 
579,663 
439,730 
285,631 
258,536 
343,267 
230,832 
229,299 
311,715 
448,572 

8,795386 

487,918 

648,743 

857,046 

812,870 

1,026,499 

1,100,735 

1,285,349 

782,870 

751,786 

1,041,570 

5,735,811 

878,587 
838.172 
1,197,892 
1,218,480 
326,700 
298.826 
295,403 
110,618 
141,132 
430.001 



1921-30 

1921 ... 

1922 ... 

1923 ... 

1924 ... 

1925 ... 

1926 ... 

1927 ... 

1928 ... 

1929 ... 

1930 ... 



1931-40 

1931 ... 

1932 ... 

1933 ... 

1934 ... 

1935 ... 

1936 ... 

1937 ... 

1938 ... 

1939 ... 

1940 ... 



1941-50 

1941 ... 

1942 ... 

1943 ... 
1944... 

1945 ... 

1946 ... 

1947 ... 

1948 ... 

1949 ... 

1950 ... 



1951-60 

1951 ... 

1952 ... 

1953 ... 

1954 ... 

1955 ... 

1956 ... 

1957 ... 

1958 ... 

1959 ... 

1960 ... 



1961-70 

1961 ... 

1962 ... 

1963 ... 

1964 ... 

1965 ... 

1966 ... 

1967 ... 

1968 ... 

1969 ... 

1970 ... 



4,107,209 

805,228 
309,556 
522,919 
706,896 
294,314 
304,488 
335,175 
307,255 
279,678 
241,700 

528,431 
97,139 
35,576 
23,068 
29,470 
34,956 
36.329 
50,244 
67,895 
82,998 
70,756 

1,035,039 

51,776 
28,781 
23,725 
28,551 
38,119 
108,721 
147,292 
170,570 
188,317 
249,187 

2,515,479 

205,717 
265,520 
170,434 
208,177 
237,790 
321,625 
326,867 
253,265 
260,686 
265,398 

3321,677 

271,344 
283,763 
306,260 
292,248 
296,697 
323,040 
361,972 
454,448 
358,579 
373,326 



1971-80 

1971 

1972 

1973 

1974 

1975 

1976 

1976, TQ 

1977 

1978 

1979 

1980 



1981-90 

1981 ... 

1982 ... 

1983 ... 

1984 ... 

1985 ... 

1986 ... 

1987 ... 

1988 ... 

1989 ... 

1990 ... 



1991-95 

1991 ... 

1992 ... 

1993 ... 

1994 ... 

1995 ... 



NOTE: The numbers shown are as follows: from 1820-67, figures represent alien passengers arrived at seaports; from 1868-92 and 1895-97, immigrant aliens 
arrived; from 1892-94 and 1898-1995, immigrant aliens admitted for permanent residence. From 1892-1903, aliens entering by cabin class were not counted as 
immigrants. Land arrivals were not completely enumerated until 1908. See Glossary for fiscal year definitions. 

27 



TABLE 2. IMMIGRATION BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF LAST RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEARS 1820 - 1995 



Region and country of 
last residence ' 



All countries 

Europe 

Austria-Hungary 

Austria 

Hungary 

Belgium 

Czechoslovakia 

Denmark 

France 

Germany 

Greece 

Ireland ' 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Norway-Sweden 

Norway 

Sweden 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Soviet Union 

Spain 

Switzerland 

United Kingdom ' ' 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

China '° 

Hong Kong 

India 

Iran 

Israel 

Japan 

Korea 

Philippines 

Turkey 

Vietnam 

Other Asia 

America 

Canada & Newfoundland " 

Mexico " 

Caribbean 

Cuba 

Dominican Republic ... 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

El Salvador 

Other Central America 
South America 

Argentina 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Other South America 
Other America 

Africa 

Oceania 

Not specified " 

See footnotes at end of table 

28 



8385 
7,690 



20 
371 
968 

3,614 

30 

49 

3 



5 
35 

14 

139 

31 

2,410 



387 

209 

1 

164 



164 
2 



143,439 

98,797 



27 

169 
8,497 
6,761 

20 

50,724 

409 

1,078 

91 



16 

145 

75 

2,477 

3,226 

25,079 



599,125 
495,681 



22 

1,063 

45,575 

152.454 

49 

207,381 

2,253 

1,412 

1,201 



369 
829 

277 

2,125 

4,821 

75,810 

40 

55 



11,564 


33,424 


2,277 


13,624 


4,817 


6,599 


3,834 


12301 



3,834 


12,301 


105 


44 


105 


44 


531 


856 



1,713,251 
1397,442 



5,074 

539 

77,262 

434,626 

16 

780,719 

1,870 

8,251 

13.903 



105 
550 

551 

2,209 

4,644 

267,044 

79 

141 

35 



1 
300 



16 

2 

33,030 



54 

9 

69.902 



II 

62,469 

41,723 
3,271 
13,528 



13,528 
368 



368 
3,579 



55 

29 

53,115 



2,598314 

2,452377 



4,738 

3,749 

76,358 

951.667 

31 

914,119 

9,231 

10,789 

20,931 



1,164 
1,055 

457 

9,298 

25,01 1 

423.974 



41,538 

41,397 



15 

74,720 
59,309 
3,078 
10,660 



10.660 
449 



449 
1324 



210 

158 

29,011 



2,314,824 

2,065,141 

7,800 

7,124 ' 

484 ' 

6,734 

17,094 

35,986 

787,468 

72 

435,778 

11,725 

9,102 

109,298 



2,027 
2,658 

2,512 

6,697 

23,286 

606,896 



64,759 

64,301 



186 



72 

166,607 

153.878 
2,191 
9,046 



9.046 
95 



95 
1397 



1,397 

312 

214 

17,791 



2,812,191 

2,271,925 

72,969 

63,009 

9,960 

7,221 

31,771 
72,206 

718.182 
210 

436.871 
55,759 
16,541 

211.245 
95,323 

115,922 
12,970 
14,082 

II ' 
39,284 
5,266 
28,293 

548,043 

1,001 

124,160 

123,201 



149 



243 

404,044 

383,640 

5,162 

13,957 



13,957 
157 



157 
1,128 



358 
10,914 

790 



TABLE 2. IMMIGRATION BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF LAST RESIDENCE 
FISCAL YEARS 1820 - 1995— Continued 



Region and country of 
last residence ' 



All countries 

Europe 

Austria-Hungary 

Austria 

Hungary 

Belgium 

Czechoslovakia 

Denmark 

France 

Germany 

Greece 

Ireland ' 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Norway-Sweden 

Norway 

Sweden 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Soviet Union 

Spain 

Switzerland 

United Kingdom ! ' 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

China l0 

Hong Kong 

India 

Iran 

Israel 

Japan 

Korea 

Philippines 

Turkey 

Vietnam 

Other Asia 

America 

Canada & Newfoundland " 

Mexico " 

Caribbean 

Cuba 

Dominican Republic .... 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

El Salvador 

Other Central America 
South America 

Argentina 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Other South America ... 
Other America 

Africa 

Oceania 

Not specified 1! 

See footnotes at end of table. 



3,687,564 

3355352 

592,707 " 

234.081 ' 

181,288' 

18,167 

50,231 
30,770 

505,152" 
15,979 

388,416 

651,893 
26,758 

321,281 
95,015 

226,266 
96,720 n 
27,508 
12,750 

505,290 a 

8,731 

31,179 

271,538 

282 

74,862 
14,799 



25,942 



3,628 

38,972 
3,311 
971 ' 
33,066 



33,066 
549 



549 
1,075 



8,795386 

8,056,040 

2,145,266 ' 
668,209 ! 
808,511 ' 
41,635 

65,285 
73,379 
341.498 2 
167,519 
339,065 
2,045,877 
48,262 
440,039 
190,505 
249,534 

69,149 

53,008 

1,597,306 ' 

27,935 

34,922 

525,950 

39,945 

323343 

20,605 



129,797 



11,059 

361,888 

179,226 
49,642 
107,548 



107,548 
8,192 



8,192 
17,280 



5,735,811 

4321,887 

896,342 ° 

453,649 

442,693 

33,746 

3,426 4 

41,983 

61,897 

143,945 " 

184,201 

146,181 

1,109,524 

43,718 

161,469 

66,395 

95,074 

4,813" 

89,732 

13,311 

921,201 ° 

68,611 

23.091 

341,408 

1,888' 
31,400 

247,236 

21,278 

2,082 



3.965 

14,063 



13,024 
33,523 : 



5,973 

1,143,671 

742,185 
219,004 
123,424 



123.424 
17,159 



17,159 
41,899 



41.899 

8,443 

13,427 

1,147 



4,107,209 

2,463,194 

63,548 
32,868 
30,680 
15,846 

102,194 
32,430 
49,610 

412,202 
51,084 

211,234 

455,315 
26,948 

165,780 
68,531 
97,249 

227,734 
29,994 
67.646 
61,742 
28,958 
29,676 

339,570 
49,064 
42,619 

112,059 

29.907 



12,739 

1316,716 

924,515 

459,287 

74,899 

15.901 ' 



58,998 
15,769 



15,769 
42,215 



42.215 
31 : 

6,286 

8,726 

228 



528,431 

347,566 

11,424 
3,563 " 
7,861 
4,817 

14,393 
2,559 

12,623 

114,058" 

9,119 

10,973 

68,028 
7,150 
8,700 
4,740 
3,960 

17,026 
3,329 
3,871 
1,370 
3,258 
5,512 

31,572 
5,835 

11,949 

16,595 

4.928 

496 
195 



528" 
1,065 

7,435 

160,037 

108,527 

22,319 

15,502 

9,571 

1,150 w 

191 J0 

4,590 
5,861 

673 !0 
5.188 
7,803 
1,349™ 
1,223 " 

337" 
4,894 
25 

1.750 

2,483 



1,035,039 

621,147 

28,329 

24,860 " 

3,469 

12,189 

8,347 

5,393 

38,809 

226,578 " 

8,973 

19,789 

57,661 

14,860 

20,765 

10,100 

10,665 

7,571 

7,423 

1,076 

571 

2,898 

10,547 

139,306 

1,576 

8,486 

37,028 

16,709 

1,761 
1,380 

476 " 
1,555 

107" 
4,691 

798 

9,551 

354,804 

171,718 
60,589 
49,725 
26,313 
5,627 
911 

16,874 

21,665 

5,132 

16,533 

21,831 

3,338 

3,858 

9,841 

12,218 

29,276 

7.367 

14,551 

142 



2,515,479 

1325,727 

103,743 

67,106 

36,637 

18,575 

918 

10,984 

51,121 

477,765 

47,608 

48,362 

185,491 

52,277 

44,632 

22,935 

21,697 

9,985 

19,588 

1,039 

671 

7,894 

17,675 

202,824 

8,225 

16,350 

153349 

9,657 
15,541 ' 

1,973 

3,388 
25,476 
46,250 

6,231 
19,307 

3,519 

335' 

21,572 

996,944 

377,952 

299.811 

123,091 

78,948 

9,897 

4,442 

8,869 : 

20,935 : 

44,751 

5,895 

38,856 

91,628 

19,486 

18,048 

9,841 

44,253 

59,711 

14,092 
12.976 
12,491 



29 



TABLE 2. IMMIGRATION BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF LAST RESIDENCE 
FISCAL YEARS 1820 - 1995— Continued 



Region and country of 
last residence ' 



All countries 

Europe 

Austria-Hungary 

Austria 

Hungary 

Belgium 

Czechoslovakia 

Denmark 

France 

Germany 

Greece 

Ireland 5 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Norway-Sweden 

Norway 

Sweden 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Soviet Union 

Spain 

Switzerland 

United Kingdom ' ■ 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

China' 

Hong Kong 

India 

Iran 

Israel 

Japan 

Korea 

Philippines 

Turkey 

Vietnam 

Other Asia 

America - 

Canada & Newfoundland " 

Mexico " 

Caribbean 

Cuba 

Dominican Republic ... 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

El Salvador 

Other Central America 
South America 

Argentina 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Other South America 
Other America 

Africa 

Oceania 

Not specified " 

See footnotes at end of table 

30 



4,493,314 

800,368 

16,028 

9,478 

6.550 

5,329 

6.023 

4,439 

25,069 

74,414 

92,369 

11,490 

129,368 

10,492 

10,472 

3,941 

6,531 

37,234 

101,710 

12,393 

38,961 

39,141 

8,235 

137,374 

30,540 

9,287 

1,588,178 

124,326 
113,467 
164,134 
45,136 
37,713 
49,775 
267,638 
354,987 
13,399 
172,820 
244,783 

1,982,735 

169,939 

640.294 

741,126 

264,863 

148,135 

56,335 

137.577 

134,216 

134,640 

34,436 

100,204 

295,741 

29.897 

77,347 

50,077 

138.420 

995 

80,779 

41.242 

12 



7338,062 

761,550 

24,885 

18,340 

6.545 

7,066 

7.227 

5,370 

32,353 

91,961 

38,377 

31,969 

67,254 

12,238 

15,182 

4,164 

11,018 

83,252 

40,431 

30,857 

57,677 

20,433 

8,849 

14,667 

18,762 

8,234 

2,738,157 
346,747 

98,215 
250,786 
116,172 

44,273 

47,085 
333,746 
548,764 

23,233 
280,782 
648.354 

3,615,225 

156.938 
1,655,843 
872,051 
144,578 
252,035 
138,379 

20,474 
128,911 
468,088 
213,539 
254,549 
461,847 

27.327 
122,849 

56.315 

255,356 

458 

176,893 

45,205 

1,032 



1,827,167 

146,671 

4,455 

3,511 

944 

701 

625 

629 

3,978 

10,887 

2,929 

4,608 

30,316 

1,303 

1,796 

554 

1,242 

17,106 

4,576 

6,786 

31,557 

2,663 

1,003 

16,768 

2,802 

1,183 

342,157 

23,995 

15,895 

42.707 

9,927 

5,116 

5,600 

25,430 

68.750 

3,466 

14,847 

126,424 

1,297,580 

19,931 

947,923 

138,591 

9,474 

41,422 

47,046 

22,977 

17,672 

110,820 

46,923 

63.897 

80,308 

4,231 

19.272 

9.962 

46,843 

7 

33,542 

7,061 

156 



973,977 

153,260 

3,934 

2,895 

1,039 

957 

874 

769 

4,492 

12,875 

2,168 

12,035 

11,962 

1,687 

2,296 

790 

1,506 

24,491 

2,774 

4,907 

37,069 

2,041 

1,303 

21,924 

2,741 

1,961 

344,802 

29,554 
16,802 
34,841 
6,995 
5,938 
11,735 
18,734 
63,478 
3,203 
31,172 
122,350 

445,194 

21,541 
214.128 
95,945 
10,890 
41,948 
10,756 
18.280 
14,071 
57,849 
26,077 
31,772 
55,725 

4,083 
12,885 

7.322 

31.435 

6 

24,707 

5.994 

20 



904,292 

165,711 
2,914 
1,880 
1,034 

776 

792 

762 

3,959 

9,965 

2,460 

13,396 

3,899 

1,542 

2,253 

713 

1,540 

27,288 

2,075 

4,517 

59,949 

1,791 

1,263 

20,422 

2,781 

2,907 

345,425 

57,775 

14,026 

38,653 

8,908 

5,216 

7,673 

17,320 

63,406 

3,487 

31,894 

97,067 

361,476 

23,898 
126,642 
98,185 
12,976 
45,464 

9,899 
16,761 
13,085 
58,666 
26,794 
31,872 
54,077 

2.972 
12,597 

7.400 

31.108 

8 

25,532 

6,144 



804,416 

166,279 
2,123 

1.314 

809 

621 

759 

639 

3,592 

8,940 

2,539 

16,525 

2,664 

1,359 

1,804 

515 

1,289 

27.597 

2,163 

2,932 

64,502 

1,756 

1,183 

17,666 

3,183 

3,732 

282,449 

58,867 
11,953 
33,173 
6,998 
3,982 
6,974 
15,417 
52,832 
3.880 
32.387 
55.986 

325,173 

22.243 

111,415 

103,750 

14,216 

51,221 

13.166 

13.909 

11,238 

40,256 

17,669 

22,587 

47,505 

2,474 

10,653 

5,943 

28,435 

4 

24,864 

5,647 



720,461 

132,914 

2,190 

1,340 

850 

694 

1.057 

588 

3,178 

7,896 

2,404 

4,851 

2,594 

1,284 

1,607 

465 

1,142 

13,570 
2,611 
4,565 

54.133 
1,664 
1.119 

14.207 
7,828 
4,874 

259,984 

41,112 

10,699 

33,060 

5,646 

3,188 

5,556 

15,053 

49.696 

4,806 

37,764 

53,404 

282,270 
18,117 
90,045 
96,021 
17.661 
38,493 
13,872 
16,061 

9.934 
32,020 
11.670 
20,350 
46,063 

2,239 
10.641 

6.453 
26,730 



5.472 
3 



TABLE 2. IMMIGRATION BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF LAST RESIDENCE 
FISCAL YEARS 1820 - 1995— Continued 

Data for years prior to 1906 relate to country whence alien came; data from 1906-79 and 1984-95 are for country of last permanent residence; and data 

for 1980-83 refer to country of birth. Because of changes in boundaries, changes in lists of countries, and lack of data for specified countries for 

various periods, data for certain countries, especially for the total period 1820-1995, are not comparable throughout. Data for specified countries are 

included with countries to which they belonged prior to World War I. 

Data for Austria and Hungary not reported until 1861. 

Data for Austria and Hungary not reported separately for all years during the period. 

No data available for Czechoslovakia until 1920. 

Prior to 1926, data for Northern Ireland included in Ireland. 

Data for Norway and Sweden not reported separately until 1871. 

No data available for Romania until 1 880. 

Since 1925, data for United Kingdom refer to England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland. 

In 1920, a separate enumeration was made for the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes. Since 1922, the Serb, Croat, and Slovene Kingdom recorded 

as Yugoslavia. 

Beginning in 1957, China includes Taiwan. As of January 1, 1979, the United States has recognized the People's Republic of China 

Data not reported separately until 1952. 

Data not reported separately until 1925. 

Data not reported separately until 1949. 

No data available for Japan until 1861. 

Data not reported separately until 1948. 

Prior to 1934, Philippines recorded as insular travel. 

Prior to 1920, Canada and Newfoundland recorded as British North America. From 1820-98, figures include all British North America possessions. 

Land arrivals not completely enumerated until 1908. 

No data available for Mexico from 1886-94. 

Data not reported separately until 1932. 

Data for Jamaica not collected until 1953. In prior years, consolidated under British West Indies, which is included in Other Caribbean " 

Included in countries "Not specified" until 1925. 

From 1899-1919, data for Poland included in Austria-Hungary, Germany, and the Soviet Union 

24 From 1938-45, data for Austria included in Germany. 

25 Includes 32,897 persons returning in 1906 to their homes in the United States 

NOTE: From 1820-67, figures represent alien passengers arrived at seaports; from 1868-91 and 1895-97, immigrant aliens arrived; from 1892-94 and 
1898-1995, immigrant aliens admitted for permanent residence. From 1892-1903, aliens entering by cabin class were not counted as immigrants. Land 
arrivals were not completely enumerated until 1908. 

See Glossary for fiscal year definitions. For this table, fiscal year 1843 covers 9 months ending September 1843; fiscal years 1832 and 1850 cover 15 
months ending December 31 of the respective years; and fiscal year 1868 covers 6 months ending June 30, 1868 

- Represents zero. 



31 



TABLE 3. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 

FISCAL YEARS 1985-95 



Region and country 
of birth 



All countries 

Europe 

Albania 

Austria 

Belgium 

Bulgaria 

Czechoslovakia 

Denmark 

Finland 

France 

Germany 

Greece 

Hungary 

Ireland 

Italy 

Latvia 

Lithuania 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Soviet Union 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

United Kingdom .... 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

Afghanistan 

Bangladesh 

Burma 

Cambodia 

China, People's Rep 

Hong Kong 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Iraq 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Kuwait 

Laos 

Lebanon 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Saudi Arabia 

Sri Lanka 

Syria 

Taiwan 

Thailand 

Turkey 

Vietnam 

Yemen 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Algeria 

Cameroon 



570,009 

63,043 

45 

419 

538 

249 

1,222 

478 

290 

2,187 

7,109 

2,579 

1,009 

1,397 

3,214 

25 

39 

1,217 

361 

9,464 

3,781 

5,188 

3,521 

1,413 

1,076 

729 

13,408 

1,662 

423 

264,691 

2,794 

1,146 

990 

13,563 

24,787 

5,171 

26,026 

1.269 

16,071 

1,951 

3,113 

4,086 

2,998 

35,253 

503 

9,133 

3,385 

939 

5,744 

47,978 

228 

553 

1.581 

14.895 

5.239 

1.691 

31.895 

435 

1,274 

17,117 

202 
123 



601,708 

62,512 

53 

463 

620 

221 

1,118 

554 

322 

2,518 

6,991 

2,512 

1.006 

1,839 

3,089 

26 

49 

1,261 

354 

8,481 

3,766 

5,198 

2,588 

1,591 

1,098 

677 

13,657 

2,011 

449 

268,248 

2,831 

1,634 

863 

13,501 

25,106 

5,021 

26,227 

1,183 

16,505 

1,323 

3,790 

3,959 

3,081 

35,776 

496 

7,842 

3,994 

886 

5,994 

52,558 

275 

596 

1,604 

13,424 

6,204 

1.753 

29.993 

480 

1,349 

17,463 

183 
130 



601,516 

61,174 

62 

483 

636 

205 

1,357 

537 

331 

2,513 

7,210 

2,653 

994 

3,060 

2,784 

23 

37 

1,230 

326 

7,519 

3,912 

3,837 

2,384 

1,578 

1,057 

759 

13,497 

1,827 

363 

257,684 

2,424 

1,649 

941 

12.460 

25,841 
4,706 

27,803 
1,254 

14,426 
1,072 
3,699 
4,174 
3,125 

35,849 
507 
6,828 
4,367 
1,016 
6,319 

50,060 

294 

630 

1,669 

11,931 
6,733 
1,596 

24,231 

727 

1,353 

17,724 

172 
132 



643,025 

64,797 

82 

514 

581 

217 

1,482 

558 

390 

2,524 

6,645 

2,458 

1,227 

5,058 

2,949 

31 

47 

1,187 

397 

9,507 

3,199 

3,875 

2,949 

1,483 

1.156 

751 

13.228 

1,941 

361 

264,465 

2,873 

1,325 

803 

9.629 

28,717 
8,546 

26,268 
1,342 

15,246 
1,022 
3,640 
4,512 
3,232 

34,703 
599 

10,667 
4,910 
1,250 
5.438 

50,697 
338 
634 
2,183 
9,670 
6,888 
1,642 

25,789 

619 

1,283 

18,882 
199 

157 



1,090,924 

82,891 

71 

501 

548 

265 

992 

593 

325 

2,598 

6,708 

2,491 

1,193 

6,961 

2,910 

57 

63 

1,193 

482 

15,101 

3,758 

4,573 

11,128 

1,550 

1,078 

788 

14,090 

2,496 

378 

312,149 

3,232 
2,180 
1,170 
6,076 

32,272 
9,740 

31,175 
1,513 

21,243 
1,516 
4,244 
4,849 
3,921 

34,222 
710 

12,524 
5,716 
1,506 
8.000 

57,034 

381 

757 

2,675 

13,974 
9.332 
2,007 

37,739 

966 

1,475 

25,166 

230 
187 



1,536,483 

112,401 

78 

675 

682 

428 

1,412 

666 

369 

2,849 

7,388 

2,742 

1,655 

10,333 

3,287 

45 

67 

1,424 

524 

20,537 

4,035 

4,647 

25,524 

1,886 

1,196 

845 

15,928 

2,828 

351 

338,581 

3,187 
4,252 
1,120 
5,179 

31,815 
9,393 

30,667 
3,498 

24,977 
1.756 
4,664 
5,734 
4,449 

32,301 
691 

10,446 
5,634 
1,867 
9,729 

63,756 

518 

976 

2,972 

15,151 
8,914 
2,468 

48,792 
1,945 
1,730 

35,893 

302 
380 



1,827,167 

135,234 

142 

589 

525 

623 

1,156 

601 

333 

2,450 

6,509 

2.079 

1.534 

4,767 

2,619 

86 

157 

1,283 

486 

19,199 

4,524 

8,096 

56,980 

1,849 

1,080 

696 

13,903 

2,713 

255 

358,533 

2,879 

10,676 

946 

3,251 

33,025 

10,427 

45,064 

2,223 

19,569 

1,494 

4,181 

5,049 

4,259 

26,518 

861 

9,950 

6,009 

1,860 

20,355 

63,596 

552 

1.377 

2,837 

13,274 

7,397 

2,528 

55,307 

1,547 

1,522 

36,179 

269 
452 



973,977 

14532 

682 

701 

780 

1,049 

1,181 

764 

525 

3,288 

9,888 

1,858 

1,304 

12,226 

2,592 

419 

353 

1,586 

665 

25,504 

2,748 

6,500 

43,614 

1,631 

1,463 

1,023 

19,973 

2,604 

471 

356,955 

2,685 

3,740 

816 

2,573 

38,907 

10,452 

36,755 
2,916 

13,233 
4.111 
5,104 

11,028 
4,036 

19,359 
989 
8.696 
5.838 
2,235 

10,214 

61.022 

584 

1,081 

2,940 

16,344 
7,090 
2,488 

77,735 
2,056 
1,928 

27,086 

407 
236 



904,292 

158,254 
1,400 

549 

657 

1,029 

1,000 

735 

544 

2.864 

7,312 

1,884 

1,091 

13.590 

2,487 

668 

529 

1,430 

608 

27.846 

2.081 

5,601 

58,571 

1,388 

1,393 

972 

18,783 

2,809 

433 

358,047 

2,964 

3,291 

849 

1,639 

65,578 
9,161 

40.121 
1.767 

14.841 
4,072 
4,494 
6,908 
4,741 

18,026 
1,129 
7,285 
5,465 
2,026 
8,927 

63,457 

616 

1.109 

2,933 

14.329 
6,654 
2.204 

59,614 
1,793 
2.054 

27,783 
360 
262 



804,416 

160,916 

1,489 

499 

516 

981 

874 

606 

471 

2,715 

6,992 

1,440 

880 

17,256 

2,305 

762 

663 

1,239 

459 

28,048 

2,169 

3,444 

63,420 

1,418 

1,140 

877 

16,326 

3,405 

522 

292,589 

2,344 

3,434 

938 

1,404 

53,985 
7,731 

34.921 
1,367 

11,422 
6,025 
3,425 
6,093 
3,990 

16,011 
1,065 
5,089 
4,319 
1.480 
8.698 

53,535 

668 

989 

2,426 

10,032 
5,489 
1,840 

41,345 

741 

1.783 

26,712 

364 
305 



See footnotes at end of table 

32 



TABLE 3. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 
FISCAL YEARS 1985-95— Continued 



Region and country 
of birth 



Cape Verde 

Egypt 

Ethiopia 

Ghana 

Kenya 

Liberia 

Morocco 

Nigeria 

Senegal 

Sierra Leone 

Somalia 

South Africa 

Sudan 

Tanzania 

Other Africa 

Oceania 

Australia 

Fiji 

New Zealand 

Tonga 

Other Oceania 

North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Bahamas, The .... 

Barbados 

Cuba 

Dominica 

Dominican Rep. 

Grenada 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

St. Lucia 

Trinidad & 

Tobago 

Other Caribbean 
Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

Other N. America 

South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Paraguay 

Peru 

Uruguay 

.-Venezuela 

OtherS America .. 

Bom on board ship . 

Unknown/not reported 

- Represents zero. 



627 

2.802 

3,362 

1,041 

735 

618 

570 

2,846 

91 

371 

139 

1,210 

271 

395 

1,714 

4,054 

1,362 
980 
679 
669 

364 

182,045 

11,385 
61.077 
83,281 

533 

1,625 

20,334 

540 
23,787 

934 
10,165 
18,923 

499 

2,831 

3,110 

26302 

1,353 
1,281 
10,156 
4,389 
3,726 
2,786 
2,611 



39,058 

1,844 

1.006 

2,272 

1,992 

11,982 

4,482 

8,531 

170 

4,181 

790 

1,714 

94 



760 

2,989 

2,737 

1,164 

719 

618 

646 

2,976 

91 

323 

139 

1,566 

230 

370 

1,822 

3,894 

1,354 
972 
610 
510 

448 

207,714 

11,039 
66,533 
101,632 

570 

1,595 

33,114 

564 

26,175 

1.045 

12,666 

19,595 

502 

2,891 
2,915 

28380 
1,385 
1,356 

10,929 
5,158 
4,532 
2,826 
2,194 
130 

41,874 

2,187 

1,079 

2,332 

2,243 

11,408 

4,516 

10.367 

190 

4.895 

699 

1.854 

104 



657 

3,377 

2,156 

1,120 

698 

622 

635 

3,278 

92 

453 

197 

1,741 

198 

385 

1,811 

3,993 

1,253 

1,205 

591 

545 

399 

216,550 

11,876 

72,351 

102,899 

556 

1,665 

28,916 

740 

24.858 

1,098 

14,819 

23,148 

496 

3,543 
3,060 

29,296 
1,354 
1,391 

10,693 
5,729 
4,751 
3,294 
2,084 
128 

44^85 

2,106 
1,170 
2,505 
2.140 
11,700 
4,641 
11,384 

291 
5,901 

709 
1,694 

144 



921 

3,016 

2,571 

1,239 

773 

769 

715 

3,343 

130 

571 

183 

1,832 

217 

388 

1,858 

3,839 

1,356 

1,028 

668 

434 
353 

250,009 

11,783 
95,039 
112357 

1,283 

1,455 

17,558 

611 

27,189 

842 

34,806 

20,966 

606 

3.947 
3,094 

30,715 
1,497 
1,351 

12,045 
5,723 
4,302 
3,311 
2,486 
115 

41,007 

2,371 
1,038 
2,699 
2,137 
10,322 
4,716 
8,747 

483 
5,936 

612 
1,791 

155 

3 
23 



1,118 

3,717 

3,389 

2,045 

910 

1,175 

984 

5,213 

141 

939 

228 

1,899 

272 

507 

2,212 

4360 

1,546 
968 
789 
646 
411 

607398 

12,151 

405,172 

88,932 

861 

1,616 

10,046 

748 

26,723 

1,046 

13,658 

24,523 

709 

5,394 

3,608 

101,034 

2,217 
1,985 
57,878 
19,049 
7,593 
8,830 
3,482 
109 

58,926 

3,301 

1,805 

3,332 

3,037 

15,214 

7,532 

10.789 

529 

10,175 

948 

2,099 

165 



907 
4,117 
4,336 
4,466 
1,297 
2,004 
1,200 
8,843 

537 
1,290 

277 
1,990 

306 

635 
3,006 

6,182 

1,754 

1,353 

829 

1,375 

871 

957358 

16,812 

679,068 

115351 

1,378 

1,745 

10,645 

963 

42,195 

1,294 

20,324 

25,013 

833 

6,740 

4,221 

146302 

3,867 
2,840 
80,173 
32,303 
12,024 
11,562 
3,433 
125 

85,819 

5,437 

2,843 

4,191 

4,049 

24,189 

12,476 

11,362 

704 

15,726 

1,457 

3,142 

243 



973 

5,602 

5,127 

3,330 

1.185 

1,292 

1,601 

7,912 

869 

951 

458 

1,854 

679 

500 

3,125 

6,236 
1,678 
1,349 

793 
1,685 

731 

1,210,981 

13,504 

946,167 

140,139 

1,062 

1,460 

10,349 

982 

41,405 

979 

47,527 

23,828 

766 

8,407 

3,374 

111,093 

2.377 
2,341 
47,351 
25,527 
11,451 
17,842 
4.204 
78 

79,934 

3,889 
3,006 
8,133 
2,842 

19,702 
9,958 

11.666 
538 

16,237 

1,161 

2,622 

180 



757 

3,576 

4,602 

1,867 

953 

999 

1,316 

4,551 

337 

693 

500 

2,516 

675 

352 

2,749 

5,169 

2,238 
807 
967 
703 
454 

384,047 

15,205 

213,802 

97,413 

641 
1,091 
11,791 

809 
41,969 

848 
11,002 
18,915 

654 

7,008 

2.685 

57,558 

1,020 

1,480 

26,191 

10,521 

6,552 

8,949 

2,845 

69 

55308 

3,877 
1,510 
4,755 
1,937 
13,201 
7,286 
9,064 

514 
9.868 

716 
2.340 

240 



936 

3,556 

5,276 

1,604 

1,065 

1,050 

1,176 

4,448 

178 

690 

1,088 

2,197 

714 

426 

2,757 

4,902 

2,320 
854 

1,052 
348 

328 

301380 

17,156 
126,561 
99,438 

686 
1,184 
13,666 

683 
45,420 

827 
10,094 
17,241 

634 

6,577 

2,426 

58,162 

1,035 

1,368 

26,818 

11,870 

7,306 

7,086 

2,679 

63 

53,921 

2,824 
1,545 
4,604 
1,778 
12,819 
7,324 
8,384 

668 
10,447 

568 
2,743 

217 



810 

3,392 

4,355 

1,458 

1,017 

1,762 

1,074 

3,950 

213 

698 

1,737 

2,144 

651 

357 

2,425 

4392 

2,049 

1,007 

918 

293 

325 

272326 

16,068 

111,398 

104,804 

589 

897 

14,727 

507 

51,189 

595 

13,333 

14,349 

449 

6,292 

1.877 

39,908 

772 
1,205 
17.644 
7.389 
5,265 
5,255 
2,378 
48 

47377 
2,318 
1,404 
4,491 
1,640 
10,847 
5,906 
7,662 

789 
9,177 

516 
2,427 

200 



33 



TABLE 4. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY TYPE AND SELECTED CLASS OF ADMISSION 

FISCAL YEARS 1988-95 



Type and class of admission 



Total, all immigrants . 

New arrivals 

Adjustments 



Total, IRCA legalization 

Residents since 1982 

Special Agricultural Workers 



Total, non-legalization 

Preference immigrants , 

Family -sponsored immigrants 

Unmarried sons/daughters of U.S. citizens ' 

Spouses of alien residents ' 

Married sons/daughters of U.S. citizens ' 

Siblings of U.S. citizens 2 

Employment-based immigrants ' ' 

Priority workers 

Professionals with advanced degrees or aliens of 

exceptional ability 

Skilled workers, professionals, other workers 

Special immigrants 

Employment creation 

Pre-1992 



Immediate relatives of U.S. citizens . 

Spouses 

Children' 

Orphans 

Parents 



Refugees and asylees . 
Refugee adjustments 
Asylee adjustments ... 



Other immigrants 

Amerasians (P.L. 100-202) 

Children bom abroad to alien residents 

Cuban/Haitian entrants (PL. 99-603) 

Diversity 

Diversity transition 

Legalization dependents 

Nationals of adversely affected countries (PL. 99-603) 
Natives of underrepresented countries (PL. 100-658) ., 

Parolees, Soviet Union or Indochina (PL. 101-267) 

Registered nurses and their families (PL. 101-238) 

Registry, entry prior to 1/1/72 

Suspension of deportation 

Other •. 



643,025 

377,885 
265,140 

X 

X 

X 

643,025 

259,499 

200,772 

12,107 

102,777 
21,940 
63,948 
58,727 
X 
X 

X 

5,120 
X 

53,607 

219340 

130,977 
40,863 
9,120 
47,500 

81,719 

76,274 
5,445 

82,467 

319 

2,997 

29,002 

X 

X 

X 

6.029 

X 

X 

X 

39,999 

3,772 

349 



1,090,924 

402,431 
688,493 

478,814 

478.814 
X 

612,110 

274,833 

217,092 

13,259 

112,771 

26,975 

64,087 

57,741 

X 

X 

X 

4,986 

X 

52,755 

217,514 

125,744 

41,276 

7,948 

50,494 

84,288 
79,143 

5.145 

35,475 

8,589 

2,740 

2,816 

X 

X 

X 

7,068 

X 

X 

X 

10,570 

3,384 

308 



1,536,483 

435,729 
1,100,754 

880,372 

823,704 
56,668 

656,111 

272,742 

214,550 

15,861 

107,686 

26,751 

64,252 

58,192 

X 

X 

X 

4,463 

X 

53,729 

231,680 

125,426 

46,065 

7,088 

60,189 

97364 

92,427 
4,937 

54325 

13,059 

2,410 

710 

X 

X 

X 

20,371 

8,790 

X 

2,954 

4,633 

889 

509 



1,827,167 

443,107 
1,384,060 

1,123,162 

214,003 
909,159 

704,005 

275,613 
216,088 

15,385 
110,126 
27,115 
63,462 
59325 
X 
X 

X 

4,576 

X 

54,949 

237,103 

125,397 
48,130 
9,008 
63,576 

139,079 

116,415 
22,664 

52310 
16,010 

2,224 

213 

X 

X 

X 

12,268 

9,802 

4,998 

3,069 

2,282 

782 

562 



973,977 
511,769 
462.208 

163342 

46,962 
116,380 

810,635 

329321 
213,123 

12.486 
118.247 

22.195 

60,195 

116,198 

5,456 

58,401 

47,568 

4,063 

59 

651 

235,484 

128,396 

42,324 

6,536 

64,764 

117,037 

106,379 
10,658 

128,793 

17.253 

2,116 

99 

X 

33,911 

52,272 

1,557 

880 

13,661 

3,572 

1,293 

1,013 

1,166 



904,292 

536,294 
367,998 

24,278 
18.717 
5,561 

880,014 

373,788 

226,776 
12,819 

128,308 
23,385 
62,264 

147,012 
21,114 
29,468 

87,689 

8,158 

583 

X 

255,059 

145,843 

46,788 

7,348 

62,428 

127,343 
115,539 
11,804 

123,824 
11,116 

2.030 

62 

X 

33,468 

55,344 

10 

2 

15,772 

2,178 

938 

1,468 

1.436 



804,416 

490.429 
313,987 

6,022 

4,436 
1,586 

798394 

335,252 

211,961 
13,181 

115,000 
22,191 
61,589 

123,291 
21,053 
14,432 

76.956 

10,406 

444 

X 

249,764 

145,247 

48,147 

8,200 

56,370 

121,434 

115,451 
5,983 

91,944 

2,822 

1,883 

47 

X 

41,056 

34,074 

X 

X 

8,253 

304 

671 

2,220 

614 



' Includes children. 
1 Includes spouses and children. 

1 Includes immigrants issued third preference, sixth preference, and special immigranl visas prior to fiscal year 1992. 
4 Includes orphans. 

X Not applicable. 



34 



TABLE 5. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY REGION OF BIRTH AND TYPE AND CLASS OF ADMISSION 

FISCAL YEAR 1995 



Type and class of admission 



Europe 



North 
America 



Total, all immigrants 

Total, subject to the Numerical Cap 

New arrivals 

Adjustments 

Total, not subject to the Numerical Cap 

New arrivals 

Adjustments 

Adjustments, IRCA legalization 

Total, subject to the Numerical Cap 

Total, family-sponsored immigrants 

Family-sponsored preferences 

Immediate relatives of U.S. citizens 

Children born abroad to alien residents 

Legalization dependents 

Employment-based preferences 

Diversity 

Diversity transition 

Total, family-sponsored preferences 

Total, family 1st preference 

1st preference, unmarried sons/daughters of U.S. citizens 

New arrivals (Fl 1, Al 1) 

Adjustments (F16, A16) 

1st preference, children of Fl 1, F16, All, A16 

New arrivals (F12, A12) 

Adjustments (F17, A17) 

Total, family 2nd preference 

Total, subject to country limitations 

Total, exempt from country limitations 

2nd preference, spouses of alien residents 

Subject to country limitations 

New arrivals (F21) 

New arrivals, conditional (C21) 

Adjustments (F26) 

Adjustments, conditional (C26) 

Exempt from country limitations 

New arrivals (FX1) 

New arrivals, conditional (CXI) 

Adjustments (FX6) 

Adjustments, conditional (CX6) 

2nd preference, children of alien residents 

Subject to country limitations 

New arrivals (F22) 

Adjustments (F27) 

Adjustments, conditional (C27) 

Exempt from country limitations 

New arrivals (FX2) 

New arrivals, conditional (CX2) 

Adjustments (FX7) 

See footnotes at end of table. 



720,461 

593,234 

378,839 
214,395 

127,227 

1,452 

121,508 

4,267 



128,185 

78,801 

43,679 
35,122 

49,384 

40 

49,254 
90 



267,931 

221,656 

149,371 
72,285 

46,275 

1,139 

44,972 

164 



42,456 

34,668 

21,432 
13,236 

7,788 

1 

7,718 

69 



4,695 

4,605 

2,448 
2,157 

90 

2 

79 

9 



231,526 

208,725 

134,614 
74,111 

22,801 

267 
18,787 
3,747 



593,234 

460376 

238,122 

220,360 

1,894 

277 

85,336 

40,301 

6,944 

238,122 

15,182 

11,219 
8,999 
2,220 
3,963 
3,570 
393 

144,535 

75,226 

69309 

38,828 

16,464 

9,356 

2 

7,099 

7 

22,364 

16,227 

5 

6,131 

1 

59,574 

19,187 

9,629 

9,555 

3 

40,387 

31,945 

3 

8,439 



78,801 

41,438 

9,752 
31,324 
362 
17 
13,605 
17,185 
6,556 

9,752 

1,234 

1,023 

789 

234 

211 

177 

34 

2,792 

1,773 

1,019 

1,194 
671 
459 

212 

523 
326 



927 
512 
395 
117 

415 
280 



221,656 

167,121 

84,177 

82,281 

663 

58 

48,059 

6,287 

131 

84,177 

3,897 

3,100 

2,584 

516 

797 
724 
73 

35,907 
26351 
9,556 

10,319 
5,902 
4,955 

946 

1 

4,417 

3,523 

1 

893 

6,859 

3,521 

2,832 

689 

3,338 
2,643 



34,668 

17,065 

4,538 

12,478 

49 

14 

3,829 

13,700 

60 

4,538 

538 

491 
398 
93 

47 

44 

3 

2327 

1,294 

1,033 

873 
369 
241 
1 
127 

504 

340 

2 

162 

725 
316 
270 
46 

409 

345 

1 

63 



4,605 

3,189 

985 

2,188 

16 

822 

581 

13 



59 

48 
28 
20 
11 
11 

209 

144 

65 

64 
39 
34 



208,725 

194,044 

121,650 

71,720 

674 

121 

13,354 

1,035 

171 

121,650 

8,000 

5,549 
4,437 
1,112 
2,451 
2,229 
222 

93,076 

39,014 

54,062 

23.464 
8,086 
2,543 
1 
5,536 
6 
15,378 
10,977 

4,400 

1 

48,462 

13,550 

5,041 

8,506 

3 

34,912 

27,722 

1 

7,189 



35 



TABLE 5. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY REGION OF BIRTH AND TYPE AND CLASS OF ADMISSION 

FISCAL YEAR 1995— Continued 



Type and class of admission 



Europe 



North 
America 



2nd preference, children of 2nd. pref spouse or child 

Subject to country limitations 

New arrivals (F23) 

Adjustments (F28) 

Exempt from country limitations 

New arrivals (FX3) 

Adjustments (FX8) 

2nd preference, unmarried sons and daughters of alien residents 

New arrivals (F24) 

Adjustments (F29) 

2nd preference, children of F24, F29, C24, C29 

New arrivals (F25) 

Adjustments (F20) 

Adjustments, conditional (C20) 

Total, family 3rd preference 

3rd preference, married sons/daughters of U.S. citizens 

New arrivals (F31, A31) 

Adjustments (F36, A36) 

3rd preference, spouses of F31, F36, A31, A36, C31, C36 

New arrivals (F32, A32) 

Adjustments (F37, A37) 

3rd preference, children of F31, F36, A31, A36, C31, C36 

New arrivals (F33, A33) 

Adjustments (F38, A38) 

Total, family 4th preference 

4th preference, brothers or sisters of U.S. citizens 

New arrivals (F41) 

Adjustments, (F46) 

4th preference, spouses of F41 and F46 

New arrivals (F42) 

Adjustments, (F47) 

4th preference, children of F41 and F46 

New arrivals (F43) 

Adjustments (F48) 

Total, immediate relatives of U.S. citizens 

Total, spouses of U.S. citizens 

New arrivals (IR1) 

New arrivals, conditional (CR1) 

New arrivals, widow or widower (1W1) 

Adjustments (IR6) 

Adjustments, conditional (CR6) 

Adjustments, entered as a fiance(e) (IF1) 

Adjustments, entered as a fiance(e), conditional (CF1) 

Adjustments, widow or widower (1W6) 

Total, children of U.S. citizens , 

New arrivals (IR2, AR1) 

New arrivals, conditional (CR2) 

New arrivals, entered as child or widow(er) (IW2) 

Adjustments (IR7, AR6) 

Adjustments, conditional (CR7) 

Adjustments, entered as child of a fiance(e) (IF2) 

Adjustments, entered as child of a fiance(e), conditional (CF2) 
Adjustments, entered as child or widow(er) (IW7) 

See footnotes at end of table. 



12,558 

6,000 

5,955 

45 

6,558 

6,473 

85 

24,174 

22,116 

2,058 

9,401 

9,266 

134 

1 

20,876 
5,719 
5,346 

373 
5,052 
4,779 

273 
10,105 
9,675 

430 

57,529 
19,332 
18,329 
1,003 
13,293 
12,895 

398 
24,904 
24,257 

647 

220360 

123,238 

16,222 
30,208 

43 
17,799 
52,992 

83 
5,839 

52 

48,740 

23,094 

7,187 

1 

5,509 

3,067 

34 

458 

6 



163 

82 

76 

6 

81 

76 

5 

429 

343 

86 

79 

70 

9 



3,413 

928 

865 

63 

874 

822 

52 

1,611 

1,552 

59 

2313 

636 

586 

50 

485 

456 

29 

1,192 

1,143 

49 

31,324 

22,448 

3,145 

5,267 

10 

2,101 

10,594 

9 

1,312 

10 

5,877 
1,202 

794 

547 

526 

2 

146 



4,456 

2,655 

2,643 

12 

1,801 

1,768 

33 

12,314 

11,549 

765 

1,959 

1,920 

38 

1 

9,406 

2,654 
2,516 

138 
2,286 
2,182 

104 
4,466 
4,304 

162 

34,967 

11,497 

10,915 

582 

8,663 

8,449 

214 

14,807 

14,470 

337 

82,281 

39,643 

6,132 

13,052 

21 

4,378 

13,094 

55 

2,901 

10 

15,153 

7,419 

1,175 

1 

1,100 

443 

18 

154 



262 

142 

140 

2 

120 

118 

2 

376 

314 

62 

91 

90 

1 



318 

93 

81 

12 

90 

79 

II 

135 

128 

7 

1355 

505 
481 
24 
316 
307 

9 
534 
528 

6 

12,478 

8,442 

730 
2,039 

1,315 
4,065 

4 

287 

2 

1,884 

1,286 
146 

245 
82 
2 
19 



644 

177 
172 

5 
140 
137 

3 
327 
320 

7 

2,188 

1,775 
260 
411 

1 
212 
784 

1 
106 



177 
65 
22 

52 
24 



6,221 
2,449 
2,427 

22 
3,772 
3,740 

32 
8,759 
7,815 
944 
6,170 
6,115 

55 



5,999 
1,591 
1,470 

121 
1,388 
1.312 
76 
3,020 
2,874 

146 

14^75 
5,215 
4,930 

285 
2,882 
2,771 

111 
6,478 
6,284 

194 

71,720 

39,079 

4,987 

6,671 

7 

8,279 

18,151 

11 

944 

29 

20,918 

11,533 
4,111 

3,042 

1,351 

12 

99 

6 



36 



TABLE 5. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY REGION OF BIRTH AND TYPE AND CLASS OF ADMISSION 

FISCAL YEAR 1995— Continued 



Type and class of admission 



Europe 



North 
America 



Total, orphans 

Orphans adopted abroad 

New arrivals (IR3) 

Adjustments (IR8) 

Orphans to be adopted 

New arrivals (IR4) 

Adjustments (IR9) 

Total, parents of adult U.S. citizens 

New arrivals (IR5) 

Adjustments (IRO) 

Children born abroad to alien residents (NA3) 

Total, legalization dependents 

Spouses of aliens granted legalization 

New arrivals (LB1) 

Adjustments (LB6) 

Children of aliens granted legalization 

New arrivals (LB2) 

Adjustments (LB7) 

Total, employment-based preferences , 

Total, employment 1st preference 

1st preference, aliens with extraordinary ability 

New arrivals (El 1) 

Adjustments (E16) 

1st preference, outstanding professors or researchers 

New arrivals (E12) 

Adjustments (El 7) 

1st preference, multinational executives or managers 

New arrivals (E13) 

Adjustments (El 8) 

1st preference, spouses of El 1, E16, E12, E17, E13, E18 .. 

New arrivals (E14) 

Adjustments (E19) 

1st preference, children of El 1, E16, E12, E17, E13, E18 . 

New arrivals (E15) 

Adjustments (E10) 

Total, employment 2nd preference 

2nd preference, professionals holding advanced degrees ... 

New arrivals (E21) 

New arrivals, Soviet Scientists Act (ESI) 

Adjustments (E26) 

Adjustments, Soviet Scientists Act (ES6) 

2nd preference, spouses of E21, E26 

New arrivals (E22) 

Adjustments (E27) 

2nd preference, children of E21, E26 

New arrivals (E23) 

Adjustments (E28) 

Total, employment 3rd preference 

Total, skilled workers, professionals, and their families 

3rd preference, skilled workers 

New arrivals (E31) 

Adjustments (E36) 



9,384 

5,167 
5,139 
28 
4,217 
4,210 
7 

48382 

34,903 
13,479 

1,894 

277 
105 
5 
100 
172 
12 
160 

85336 

17339 

1,194 

320 

874 

1,617 

76 

1,541 

3,922 

801 

3,121 

4,951 

963 

3,988 

5,655 

1,308 

4,347 

10,475 

4,952 

340 

1 

4,568 
43 

3,455 
349 

3,106 

2,068 
472 

1,596 

50345 

42361 

9,094 
1,993 
7,101 



2,660 

1,888 

1,879 

9 

772 
772 

2,999 
1,481 
1,518 

362 



13,605 

5,932 

559 

143 

416 

561 

38 

523 

1,382 

294 

1,088 

1,676 

314 

1,362 

1,754 

347 

1,407 

1,760 

812 

75 

1 

694 

42 
469 

52 
417 
479 

73 
406 

5,113 

4,565 

1,550 
399 

1,151 



4,843 

1,984 
1,978 

6 
2,859 
2,856 

3 

27,485 
21,048 
6,437 

663 

58 

27 

27 
31 



48,059 

6,056 

373 
78 

295 

785 
20 

765 
1,245 

200 
1,045 
1,901 

328 
1,573 
1,752 

408 
1,344 

6,656 

3,285 
140 

3,144 
1 

2,445 
205 

2,240 
926 
247 
679 

31,686 

29,122 

4,685 
1,034 
3,651 



104 

79 

78 

1 

25 

24 

1 

2,152 

1,290 

862 

49 

14 

8 
3 
5 
6 



3,829 

732 
54 
17 
37 
87 
5 
82 

147 
26 

121 

194 
39 

155 

250 
51 

199 

595 

269 

24 



175 
19 

156 

151 
29 

122 

1,895 

1,746 

434 



9 

6 
6 

3 
3 

236 

131 
105 



387 
41 
14 
27 
20 
3 
17 
93 
15 
78 
94 
12 
82 

139 
31 

108 

64 

36 

2 



304 

133 
24 
109 



764 

308 
296 
12 
456 
453 
3 

11,723 

8,311 
3,412 

674 

121 

33 
2 
31 



13354 

3,172 

93 

37 

56 

99 

8 

91 

813 

230 

583 

809 

223 

586 

1,358 

386 

972 

987 

357 
73 



233 
56 
177 
397 
110 
287 

7332 

4303 

1.488 

286 

1,202 



See footnotes at end of table 



37 



TABLE 5. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY REGION OF BIRTH AND TYPE AND CLASS OF ADMISSION 

FISCAL YEAR 1995— Continued 



Type and class of admission 



Europe 



North 
America 



3rd preference, professionals with a baccalaureate degree 

New arrivals (E32) 

Adjustments (E37) 

3rd preference, spouses of E31, E36, E32, E37 

New arrivals (E34) 

Adjustments (E39) 

3rd preference, children of E31, E36, E32, E37 

New arrivals (E35) 

Adjustments (E30) 

3rd preference, Chinese Student Protection Act 

Principals, adjustments (EC6) 

Spouses, adjustments (EC7) 

Children, adjustments (EC8) 

Total, unskilled workers and their families 

3rd preference, needed unskilled workers 

New arrivals (EW3) 

Adjustments (EW8) 

3rd preference, spouses of EW3, EW8 

New arrivals (EW4) 

Adjustments (EW9) 

3rd preference, children of EW3, EW8 

New arrivals (EW5) 

Adjustments (EWO) 

Total, employment 4th preference, special immigrants 

Total, ministers, spouses, and children 

Ministers 

New arrivals (SD1) 

Adjustments (SD6) 

Spouses of ministers 

New arrivals (SD2) 

Adjustments (SD7) 

Children of ministers 

New arrivals (SD3) 

Adjustments (SD8) 

Total, employees of U.S. government abroad, spouses & children 

Employees of U.S. government abroad 

New arrivals (SE1) 

Adjustments (SE6) 

Spouses of employees of US government abroad 

New arrivals (SE2) 

Adjustments (SE7) 

Children of employees of U.S. government abroad 

New arrivals (SE3) 

Adjustments (SE8) 

Total, Panama Canal Act (P.L. 96-70) 

Certain former emp of the PC Co and CZ government 

New arrivals (SF1) 

Adjustments (SF6) 

Accompanying spouses or children of SF1 and SF6 

New arrivals (SF2) 

Adjustments (SF7) 

Certain former emp. of U.S. government in Panama CZ 

New arrivals (SGI) 

Accompanying spouses or children of SGI and SG6 

New arrivals (SG2) 

See footnotes at end of table. 



5,792 

563 

5,229 

11,265 

2,749 

8,516 

11,997 

4,593 

7,404 

4,213 

4,134 

28 

51 

7,884 

3,636 

1,515 

2,121 

1,681 

887 

794 

2,567 

1,758 

809 

6,737 

1,993 

694 
230 
464 
460 
209 
251 
839 
456 
383 

902 

267 
265 

2 
210 
209 

1 
425 
424 

1 

30 

2 
1 
1 
3 
1 
2 
13 
13 
12 
12 



676 

79 

597 

1,158 

315 

843 

1,179 

436 

743 

2 

1 

1 



548 

268 
119 
149 
139 
70 
69 
141 
90 
51 



180 

69 

22 
47 
37 
18 
19 
74 
38 
36 

17 

7 
7 

4 
4 

6 
5 
1 



4,157 

369 

3,788 

8,085 

1,952 

6,133 

7,991 

3,207 

4,784 

4,204 

4,132 

26 

46 

2,564 

1,088 
629 
459 
654 
467 
187 
822 
673 
149 

3,235 

851 

323 
102 
221 
206 
88 
118 
322 
177 
145 

751 

209 

208 

1 

174 
174 

368 
368 



304 
41 
263 
443 
130 
313 
565 
239 
326 



149 

66 
21 
45 
36 
15 
21 
47 
34 
13 

591 

287 
93 
26 
67 
58 
28 
30 

136 
77 
59 

44 
16 
16 



438 

50 

388 

964 

206 

758 

1,410 

460 

950 

3 

1 

1 

1 

3,229 

1,552 
484 

1,068 
578 
211 
367 

1,099 
676 
423 

1,639 

475 
143 
60 
83 
110 
57 
53 
222 
128 
94 

56 

21 
20 

1 
14 
13 

1 
21 
21 



38 



TABLE 5. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY REGION OF BIRTH AND TYPE AND CLASS OF ADMISSION 

FISCAL YEAR 1995— Continued 



Type and class of admission 



Europe 



Oceania 



North 
America 



Total, foreign medical graduates (P.L. 97-116) , 

Foreign medical school grads., adjustments (SJ6) 

Accompanying spouses or children of SJ6 

Adjustments (SSI) 

Total, retired employees of international organizations 

and their families 

Retired employees of international organizations 

New arrivals (SKI) 

Adjustments (SK6) 

Accompanying spouses of SKI orSK6 

New arrivals (SK2) 

Adjustments (SK7) 

Unmarried children of SKI or SK6 

New arrivals (SK3) 

Adjustments (SK8) 

Surviving spouses of employees of international organizations 

Adjustments (SK9) 

Total, juvenile court dependents , 

Adjustments (SL6) 

Total, aliens serving in U.S. Armed Forces, spouses, & children 

Served in U.S. Armed Forces for 12 years (elig. after 10/1/91) 

New arrivals (SMI) 

Adjustments (SM6) 

Spouses of SMI orSM6 

New arrivals (SM2) 

Adjustments (SM7) 

Children of SMI orSM6 

New arrivals (SM3) 

Adjustments (SM8) 

Served in U.S. Armed Forces for 12 years (elig. before 10/1/91) ... 

New arrivals (SM4) 

Adjustments (SM9) 

Spouses or children of SM4 or SM9 

New arrivals (SM5) 

Adjustments (SMO) 

Total, religious workers and their families 

Religious workers 

New arrivals (SRI) 

Adjustments (SR6) 

Spouses of SRI or SR6 

New arrivals (SR2) 

Adjustments (SR7) 

Children of SRI orSR6 

New arrivals (SR3) 

Adjustments (SR8) 

Total, employment 5th preference 

5th preference, employment creation, not in targeted area 

New arrivals, conditional (C51) 

Adjustments, conditional (C56) 

5th preference, spouses of C51, C56 

New arrivals, conditional (C52) 

Adjustments, conditional (C57) 

5th preference, children of C51, C56 

New arrivals, conditional (C53) 

Adjustments, conditional (C58) 

See footnotes at end of table. 



210 

43 
1 

42 

11 
1 

10 

155 

8 

147 

1 

1 

478 

478 

616 

149 
51 
98 

195 
46 

149 

124 
58 
66 
60 
12 
48 
88 
22 
66 

2,506 

1,222 

211 

1,011 

539 
126 

413 
745 
270 
475 

540 

95 
38 
57 
71 
29 
42 
119 
53 
66 



477 
256 
35 
221 
116 
24 
92 
105 
46 
59 

59 

17 
3 

14 
13 
1 
12 
12 



17 
17 

615 

149 
51 
98 

195 
46 

149 

124 
58 
66 
60 
12 
48 
87 
22 
65 

940 

481 

51 

430 

201 

30 

171 

258 

57 

201 

426 

68 
32 
36 
52 
26 
26 
86 
44 
42 



205 

99 
19 
80 
41 
12 
29 
65 
23 
42 

16 

4 
1 
3 
3 
2 
1 
6 
6 



428 

428 



19 


634 


13 


266 


3 


66 


10 


200 


1 


128 




44 


1 


84 


5 


240 


1 


119 


4 


121 


3 


24 


2 


3 


2 


2 




2 




2 




13 
3 
10 



39 



TABLE 5. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY REGION OF BIRTH AND TYPE AND CLASS OF ADMISSION 

FISCAL YEAR 1995— Continued 



Type and class of admission 



Europe 



North 
America 



5th preference, employment creation, targeted area 

New arrivals, conditional (T51) 

Adjustments, conditional (T56) 

5th preference, spouses of T51, T56 

New arrivals, conditional (T52) 

Adjustments, conditional (T57) 

5th preference, children of T51, T56 

New arrivals, conditional (T53) 

Adjustments, conditional (T58) 

Toti.l, diversity 

Principals 

New arrivals (DV1) 

Adjustments (DV6) 

Spouses of DV1, DV6 

New arrivals (DV2) 

Adjustments (DV7) 

Children of DV1, DV6 

New arrivals (DV3) 

Adjustments (DV8) 

Total, diversity transition 

Natives of certain foreign states 

New arrivals (AA1) 

Adjustments (AA6) 

Spouses of AA1, AA6 

New arrivals (AA2) 

Adjustments (AA7) 

Children of AA1, AA6 

New arrivals (AA3) 

Adjustments (AA8) 

Total, not subject to the Numerical Cap 

Total, Amerasians (P.L. 100-202) 

Amerasians, bom in Vietnam from 1/1/62- 1/1/76 

New arrivals (AMI) 

Spouses or children of AMI or AM6 

New arrivals (AM2) 

Mothers, guardians, or next-of-kin of AMI or AM6 

New arrivals (AM3) 

Total, displaced Tibetans 

Children of DTI, DT6 

New arrivals (DT3) 

Total, employees of VS. businesses in Hong Kong and their families 

Employees of U.S. businesses in Hong Kong 

New arrivals (HK1) 

Spouses of HK1, HK6 

New arrivals (HK2) 

Children of HKI, HK6 

New arrivals (HK3) 

Total, IRCA legalization adjustments 

Entered without inspection before 1/1/82 (W16) 

Entered as nonimmigrant and overstayed before 1/1/82 (W26) 

Blanket EVD group (W36) 

Special agricultural workers (SAW), working in 1984-86 (S16) .... 
Special agricultural workers (SAW), working in 1986 (S26) 

See footnotes at end of table. 



79 
60 
19 
57 
46 
11 
119 
101 
18 

40301 

22,192 
14,981 
7,211 
8,174 
5,719 
2,455 
9,935 
8,018 
1,917 

6,944 

5,096 

4,948 

148 

795 

761 

34 

1,053 

1,026 

27 



5 
1 
4 
3 
2 
1 
9 
4 
5 

17,185 

8,950 
5,165 
3,785 
3,872 
2,417 
1,455 
4,363 
3,352 
1,011 

6,556 

4,950 

4,804 

146 

688 

660 

28 

918 

892 

26 



70 
57 
13 
49 
43 

6 
101 
93 

8 

6^87 
3,318 
2,648 

670 
1,265 
1,053 

212 
1,704 
1,522 

182 

131 

58 
58 



13,700 

8,488 
6,439 
2,049 
2,363 
1,883 

480 
2,849 
2,476 

373 

60 

32 

31 

1 

13 
13 

15 
15 



581 

256 
181 

75 
126 

95 

31 
199 
159 

40 

13 

3 
3 

3 
3 

7 
7 



1,035 

453 
254 
199 
215 
131 
84 
367 
262 
105 

171 

47 
47 

41 
39 

2 
83 
82 

1 



127,227 

939 

237 
237 
248 
248 
454 
454 

1 
1 
1 

127 

45 
45 
35 
35 
47 
47 

4,267 

2,517 

590 

17 

51 

1,092 



49384 



46375 

939 

237 
237 
248 
248 
454 
454 



124 

45 
45 
35 
35 
44 
44 

164 

16 
65 

3 
80 



7,788 



22,801 



2 
2 

3,747 

2,393 

353 

44 
957 



40 



TABLE 5. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY REGION OF BIRTH AND TYPE AND CLASS OF ADMISSION 

FISCAL YEAR 1995— Continued 



Type and class of admission 



Total, refugee and asylee adjustments 

Total, Cuban refugees (P.L. 89-732) 

Cuban refugees (CU6) 

Non-Cuban spouses or children of Cuban refugees (CU7) 

Total, Indochinese refugees (P.L. 95-145) 

Indochinese refugees (IC6) 

Refugee parolees (P.L. 95-412) (R86) 

Total, refugees (P.L. 96-212) 

Refugees (RE6) 

Spouses of refugees (RE7) 

Children of refugees (RE8) 

Other persons deriving refugee status (RE9) 

Total, asylees (P.L. 96-212) 

Asylees (AS6) 

Spouses of asylees (AS7) 

Children of asylees (AS8) 

Total, other adjustments 

Cuban/Haitian entrants (P.L. 99-603) (CH6) 

Individuals bom under diplomatic status in U.S. (DS1) 

Total, former H-l nurses (P.L. 101-238) 

Nurses (RN6) 

Accompanying spouse or child of RN6 (RN7) 

Parolees, Soviet Union or Indochina (LA6) 

Section 249, entered before 7/1/24 (Z33) 

Section 249, entered 7/1/24-6/28/40 (Z03) 

Section 249, entered 6/29/40-1/1/72 (Z66) 

Suspension of deportation — other than crewman, Section 244 (Zl 3) 

Total, other new arrivals 

American Indians bom in Canada (S13) 

Total, children born subsequent to issuance of visa 

Parent's visa type is family-sponsored preference (XF3) 

Parent's visa type is employment-based preference (XE3) 

Parent's visa type is immediate relative (XR3) 

Parent's visa type is not family-sponsored, employment-based or 
immediate relative (XN3) 



114,664 
9,579 
9,131 

448 

10 

10 

22 

97,216 

56,356 
15,388 

25,425 
47 

7,837 

5,095 

941 

1,801 

6,844 

42 

10 

69 

20 

49 

3,086 

2 

1 

466 

3,168 

385 

217 
168 

58 

7 
27 



Europe 



46,998 

57 
17 
40 

1 

1 



45,233 
25,611 
9,000 
10,590 

32 

1,699 
1,014 

289 
396 

2,256 



2,070 
1 



37 
148 



43,314 
4 

2 
2 

8 

8 
10 

40,543 

22,925 

5,615 

11,993 

10 

2,749 

1,838 

340 

571 

1,658 

1 
69 

20 

49 

1,011 



43 
534 



7,527 
2 



6,417 

3,981 

440 

1,995 

1 

1,108 

783 
109 
216 

191 



13 
173 



North 
America 



16,265 
9,290 
9,103 

187 

1 

1 

4 

5,010 

3,835 

330 

841 

4 

1,960 

1,293 
154 
513 

2,522 

42 

9 



1 

1 

340 

2,129 

264 

217 

47 

20 

2 

14 



South 
America 



497 
226 



12 

4 
3 

5 

259 
145 

38 
76 



26 
175 



1 Includes 2 persons with an unknown region of birth. 

NOTE: Symbol enclosed in parentheses is the visa or adjustment code. 

- Represents zero. 



41 



TABLE 6. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY CLASS OF ADMISSION AND REGION AND SELECTED 
FOREIGN STATE OF CHARGEABDLITY UNDER THE PREFERENCE CATEGORIES 

FISCAL YEAR 1995 



Region and 

foreign state 

of chargeability 



Family-sponsored preferences 



1st 
pref. 



2nd 
pref. 



3rd 
pref. 



4th 
pref. 



Employment-based preferences 



Total 



1st 
pref. 



2nd 
pref. 



3rd 
pref. 



4th 
pref. 



All countries 



Europe ................. 

Albania 

Belgium 

Bulgaria 

Czechoslovakia .. 

Finland 

France 

Germany 

Greece 

Hungary 

Ireland 

Italy 

Lithuania 

Netherlands 

Poland 

Portugal 

Portugal 

Macau 

Romania 

Soviet Union 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 



Asia 

Afghanistan 

Bangladesh 

Burma 

China, People's Rep. 

Hong Kong 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Iraq 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Kuwait 

Lebanon 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Sri Lanka 

Syria 

Taiwan 

Thailand 

Turkey 

Vietnam 

Yemen 

Other Asia 



323,458 

22^57 

222 

207 

293 

229 

143 

670 

1.104 

335 

250 

240 

615 

66 

391 

5,359 

1,632 

1,445 

187 

720 

2,623 

314 

244 

245 

5,169 

1,020 

466 

118,248 

208 
2,541 

800 
20,237 
4,428 
22,369 

331 
2,777 

856 

975 
1,675 
1,111 
8,952 

316 
1,685 

564 
4,073 
27,012 

499 

934 
6,424 

803 

614 
6,398 

644 
1,022 



238,122 

8,940 

221 

24 

35 

69 

13 

152 

209 

170 

51 

75 

214 

20 

52 

4,203 

1,017 

857 

160 

249 

224 

64 

44 

39 

1,155 

553 

87 

74^92 
163 

2,160 

711 

10,370 

3,258 

15,150 

185 

1.624 
696 
264 
104 
925 

4.388 
154 

1,195 
160 

3,340 

16,803 

178 

645 

3,706 
527 
236 

6,291 
625 
534 



15,182 

1,259 

110 

4 

10 

19 

2 

24 

54 

15 

26 

54 

26 

4 

10 

430 

7 

6 

1 

54 

54 

10 

13 

13 

257 

44 

19 

3,895 

27 
17 
14 

232 
90 

150 
10 
93 
25 
46 
14 
57 

158 
II 
83 
4 
58 
1,680 
6 
37 

175 
72 
14 

467 

254 

101 



144,535 

1,815 

1 
9 

4 

10 

3 

38 

35 

23 

5 

2 

37 

1 

14 

902 

222 

194 

28 

62 

58 

23 

11 

8 

224 

103 

20 

26330 

39 

1,451 

135 

3,383 

483 

5,838 

29 

592 

70 

58 

52 

226 

1,243 

51 

513 

65 

1,021 

9,030 

66 

210 

879 

214 

112 

404 

75 

91 



20,876 

3,450 

109 

6 

17 

32 

6 

39 

47 

21 

13 

2 

17 

14 

11 

2,474 

47 

29 

18 

87 

98 

2 

7 

8 

247 

126 

20 

9388 

59 

88 

99 

2,000 

299 

1,538 

20 

207 

230 

59 

14 

172 

413 

45 

231 

13 

235 

1,733 

12 

123 

346 

22 

25 

1,040 

259 

106 



57,529 

2,416 

1 

5 

4 

8 

2 

51 

73 

111 

7 

17 

134 

1 

17 

397 

741 

628 

113 

46 

14 

29 

13 

10 

427 

280 

28 

34,779 

38 

604 

463 

4,755 

2,386 

7,624 

126 

732 

371 

101 

24 

470 

2,574 

47 

368 

78 

2,026 

4,360 

94 

275 

2,306 

219 

85 

4,380 

37 

236 



85336 

13,617 

1 
183 
258 
160 
130 
518 
895 
165 
199 
165 
401 
46 
339 

1,156 

615 

588 

27 

471 

2,399 
250 
200 
206 

4,014 
467 
379 

43,856 

45 
381 
89 

9,867 

1,170 

7,219 
146 

1,153 
160 
711 

1,571 
186 

4,564 
162 
490 
404 
733 
10,209 
321 
289 

2,718 
276 
378 
107 
19 
488 



17339 

5,907 
1 

106 

91 

55 

49 

289 

517 

32 

97 

74 

182 

21 

162 

165 

25 

21 

4 

54 

1,124 

104 

111 

106 

2,168 

176 

198 

6,037 

2 

49 

4 

1,405 

302 

1,135 

28 

87 

31 

135 

863 
32 

496 
16 
57 
49 

137 

287 
50 
23 

632 
14 
81 
15 
2 

105 



10,475 
1,768 

13 
72 
39 
12 
64 

100 
44 
51 
20 
39 
9 
39 

132 
18 
11 
7 
80 

462 
39 
16 
27 

352 
90 
50 

6,637 

115 

17 

1,303 

125 

2,582 

29 

167 
22 
99 

115 
44 

200 
22 
91 
66 

168 

437 
65 
92 

706 

21 

49 

6 

5 

91 



50,245 
5,131 

57 

92 

54 

52 

148 

231 

71 

48 

54 

164 

16 

125 

699 

561 

549 

12 

236 

663 

95 

64 

53 

1,367 

162 

119 

27,528 

39 

167 

37 

7,000 

660 

3,162 

70 

887 

91 

407 

465 

98 

2,904 

113 

322 

273 

354 

8,213 

184 

158 

1,165 

197 

244 

62 

2 

254 



6,737 
752 

7 
3 

12 
12 
17 
37 
18 
3 
17 
13 

10 

160 

6 

6 

101 
135 

11 
9 

19 
112 

39 

11 

3,233 

4 

50 
29 
66 
15 
336 
17 

9 

16 

65 

127 

12 

899 

5 
18 
15 
69 
1,267 
22 
14 
62 
44 

4 
24 
10 
34 



See footnotes at end of table 
42 



TABLE 6. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY CLASS OF ADMISSION AND REGION AND SELECTED 

FOREIGN STATE OF CHARGEABILITY UNDER THE PREFERENCE CATEGORIES 

FISCAL YEAR 1995— Continued 









Family-sponsored preferences 






Employment-based preferences 




Region and 
















































foreign state 


Total 




1st 


2nd 


3rd 


4th 




1st 


2nd 


3rd 


4th 


5th 


of changeability 




Total 


pref. 


pref. 


pref. 


pref. 


Total 


pref. 


pref. 


pref. 


pref. 


pref. 




7,412 


3,631 


540 


1,283 


307 


1,501 


3,781 


703 


587 


1,895 


579 


17 


Algeria 


72 


9 


1 


1 




7 


63 


22 


16 


18 


7 




Cape Verde 


482 


479 


37 


288 


28 


126 


3 






2 


1 


- 


Egypt 


1,608 


1,080 


30 


301 


114 


635 


528 


111 


99 


268 


50 


- 


Ethiopia 


270 


155 


45 


86 


5 


19 


115 


6 


21 


33 


55 




Ghana 


602 


395 


133 


175 


19 


68 


207 


12 


36 


99 


60 




Kenya 


420 


253 


8 


30 


16 


199 


167 


27 


32 


75 


29 


4 


Liberia 


243 


138 


74 


44 


17 


3 


105 


10 


13 


42 


39 


1 


Morroco 


188 


80 


8 


42 


8 


22 


108 


17 


8 


69 


14 




Nigeria 


1,043 


193 


60 


110 


5 


18 


850 


59 


176 


461 


146 


8 


Sierra Leone 


183 


113 


54 


39 




20 


70 


6 


6 


52 


6 




Senegal 


31 


20 


5 


10 


3 


2 


11 


2 




6 


3 




Somalia 


35 


29 


7 


10 




12 


6 


2 


2 


2 




- 


South Africa 


1,161 


151 


36 


16 


42 


57 


1,010 


306 


85 


538 


80 


1 


Sudan 


67 


20 


2 


10 


1 


7 


47 


15 


19 


12 


1 


- 


Tanzania 


226 


165 


2 


14 


15 


134 


61 


13 


8 


27 


11 


2 




172 


123 


8 


23 


6 


86 


49 


8 


12 


25 


3 


1 


Other Africa 


609 


228 


30 


84 


28 


86 


381 


87 


54 


166 


74 






1,766 


924 


57 


143 


75 


649 


842 


396 


67 


317 


59 


3 


Australia 


597 


59 


19 


8 


18 


14 


538 


296 


49 


169 


23 


1 


Fiji 


657 


623 


15 


85 


37 


486 


34 


9 


1 


13 


11 




New Zealand 


274 


28 


7 


3 


1 


17 


246 


90 


15 


128 


11 


2 


Other Oceania 


238 


214 


16 


47 


19 


132 


24 


1 


2 


7 


14 




North America .... 


80,962 


67,491 


7,980 


39,015 


5,987 


14,509 


13,471 


3,244 


1,000 


7,556 


1,643 


28 


Canada 


7,033 


1,133 


322 


137 


385 


289 


5,900 


2,859 


801 


2,070 


143 


27 


Mexico 


24,644 


22,909 


1,982 


13,198 


2,033 


5,696 


1,735 


198 


64 


1,097 


375 


; 




36,859 


34,620 


4,972 


19,062 


3,129 


7,457 


2,239 


119 


93 


1,289 


738 




Barbados 


353 


301 


82 


79 


51 


89 


52 


2 


2 


47 


1 




Cuba 


3,709 


3,660 


1,167 


247 


983 


1,263 


49 


7 




4 


38 


- 


Dominica 


315 


291 


41 


159 


7 


84 


24 




2 


17 


5 




Dominican Rep. 


16,807 


16,527 


1,338 


11,709 


859 


2,621 


280 


40 


22 


123 


95 


- 


Grenada 


263 


215 


48 


86 


19 


62 


48 




1 


43 


4 




Haiti 


3,313 


2,993 


412 


1,703 


97 


781 


320 


3 


7 


92 


218 


- 


Jamaica 


8,741 


8,091 


1,320 


4,254 


605 


1,912 


650 


18 


19 


400 


213 


- 


Trinidad & 


























Tobago 


2,488 


1,859 


372 


593 


437 


457 


629 


39 


26 


450 


114 




Other Caribbean 


870 


683 


192 


232 


71 


188 


187 


10 


14 


113 


50 




Central America 


12,426 


8,829 


704 


6,618 


440 


1,067 


3,597 


68 


42 


3,100 


387 


- 


Belize 


287 


240 


29 


129 


28 


54 


47 


1 


1 


41 


4 




Costa Rica 


242 


168 


30 


74 


28 


36 


74 


13 


3 


32 


26 




El Salvador 


6,477 


4,302 


109 


3,864 


44 


285 


2,175 


13 


9 


2,028 


125 




Guatemala 


2,212 


1,520 


111 


1,158 


86 


165 


692 


12 


3 


589 


88 




Honduras 


1,909 


1,654 


194 


1,057 


110 


293 


255 


12 


6 


193 


44 


- 


Nicaragua 


802 


585 


101 


251 


69 


164 


217 


4 


12 


168 


33 




Panama 


497 


360 


130 


85 


75 


70 


137 


13 


8 


49 


67 




South America .... 


19,070 


13,435 


1,451 


6,640 


1,669 


3,675 


5,635 


1,052 


416 


3,684 


471 


12 




804 

685 

1,647 


188 
282 
351 


34 
37 
51 


74 
120 
203 


34 
18 
47 


46 
107 
50 


616 

403 

1,296 


173 

9 

369 


83 
10 
87 


328 

375 
678 


27 

9 

157 


5 






Brazil 


5 


Chile 


565 


288 


24 


112 


50 


102 


277 


58 


34 


168 


17 


- 


Colombia 


3,839 


2,939 


380 


1,590 


203 


766 


900 


119 


59 


662 


60 




Ecuador 


2,603 


2,149 


202 


1.241 


162 


544 


454 


23 


4 


388 


39 


- 


Guyana 


4,839 


4,609 


411 


1.962 


861 


1,375 


230 


7 


9 


187 


27 


- 


Peru 


2,929 


2.141 


212 


1,164 


199 


566 


788 


84 


69 


559 


76 




" Venezuela 


875 


351 


73 


129 


77 


72 


524 


197 


50 


225 


50 


2 


Other S America 


284 


137 


27 


45 


18 


47 


147 


13 


11 


114 


9 




No country limitation 


73,443 


69,309 




69,309 




■ 


4,134 






4,134 







Represents zero. 



43 



TABLE 7. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY TYPE OF ADMISSION AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 

FISCAL YEAR 1995 



Region and country 
of birth 



.Immigrants admitted 



Subject to 

numerical 

cap 



Not subject 

to numerical 

cap 



New arrivals 



Subject to 

numerical 

cap 



Not subject 

to numerical 

cap 



Adjustments 



Subject to 

numerical 

cap 



All countries 

Europe 

Albania 

Belgium 

Bulgaria 

Czechoslovakia 

France 

Germany 

Greece 

Hungary 

Ireland 

Italy 

Latvia 

Lithuania 

Netherlands 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Soviet Union, former ... 

Armenia 

Azerbaijan 

Belarus 

Moldova 

Russia 

Ukraine 

Uzbekistan 

Other republics 

Unknown republic 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

Afghanistan 

Bangladesh 

Burma 

Cambodia 

China, People's Republic 

Hong Kong 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Iraq 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Kuwait 

Laos 

Lebanon 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Saudi Arabia 

Sri Lanka 

Syria 

Taiwan 

Thailand 

Turkey 

See footnotes at end of table 



720,461 

128,185 

1,420 

569 

1,797 

1,174 

2,505 

6,237 

1,309 

900 

5,315 

2,231 

651 

767 

1,196 

13,824 

2,615 

4,871 

54,494 

1,992 

1,885 

3,791 

1,856 

14,560 

17,432 

3,645 

2,549 

6,784 

1,321 

976 

881 

12,427 

8,307 

2,398 

267,931 

1,424 
6,072 
1,233 
1,492 

35.463 
7,249 

1-4,748 
1,020 
9,201 
5,596 
2,523 
4,837 
3,649 

16.047 
961 
3,936 
3,884 
1,223 
9,774 

50.984 
788 
960 
2,362 
9,377 
5,136 
2,947 



593,234 

78,801 

1,105 

567 

1.685 

1,133 

2,485 

6,158 

1,221 

868 

5,300 

2,208 

250 

608 

1,194 

13,526 

2,604 

4,268 

12,352 

876 

217 

309 

232 

6,072 

2,192 

318 

592 

1,544 

1,283 

973 

877 

12,362 

3.497 

2,277 

221,656 

792 

6,017 

1,096 

1,191 

34,626 

7,060 

34,358 

951 

7.634 

1,737 

2,480 

4,817 

3,559 

16,010 

881 

569 

3,758 

1,179 

9,528 

50,604 

660 

923 

2,041 

9,351 

2,179 

2,858 



127,227 

49384 

315 

2 

112 

41 

20 

79 

88 

32 

15 

23 

401 

159 

2 

298 

11 

603 

42,142 

1.116 

1,668 

3,482 

1,624 

8,488 

15,240 

3,327 

1,957 

5,240 

38 

3 

4 

65 

4,810 

121 

46,275 

632 

55 

137 

301 

837 

189 

390 

69 

1,567 

3,859 

43 

20 

90 

37 

80 

3,367 

126 

44 

246 

380 

128 

37 

321 

26 

2,957 

89 



380,291 

43,719 

1,052 

202 

1,084 

582 

949 

3,169 

615 

374 

4,800 

844 

135 

375 

465 

8,999 

1,376 

2,815 

6,613 

532 

128 

135 

150 

3,215 

1,146 

179 

298 

830 

509 

439 

379 

4,882 

2,012 

1,049 

150,510 
629 

5,229 

915 

969 

21,300 

5,643 

24,280 

517 

4,866 

1,438 

843 

1,935 

2,609 

9.397 

453 

242 

2,268 

390 

7,429 

35,291 

419 

522 

1,294 

5.171 

1,225 

1,795 



378,839 

43,679 

1,052 

202 

1,084 

582 

949 

3,168 

615 

373 

4,791 

843 

135 

374 

465 

8,991 

1,375 

2,814 

6,612 

532 

128 

135 

150 

3,214 

1,146 

179 

298 

830 

509 

438 

379 

4,871 

2,011 

1,046 

149^371 

629 
5,225 

915 

967 

21,289 

5,515 

24,272 

517 
4.866 
1.438 

843 
1,932 
2,609 
9,392 

453 

242 
2,267 

390 
7,426 
35,262 

419 

522 
1,294 
5.169 
1,221 
1,795 



1,452 



1 
3 
1,139 



2 
11 
128 



340,170 

84,466 

368 

367 

713 

592 

1,556 

3,068 

694 

526 

515 

1,387 

516 

392 

731 

4,825 

1,239 

2.056 

47,881 

1,460 

1,757 

3,656 

1,706 

11,345 

16,286 

3,466 

2,251 

5,954 

812 

537 

502 

7,545 

6,295 

1,349 

117,421 

795 

843 

318 

523 

14,163 

1,606 

10,468 

503 

4,335 

4,158 

1,680 

2,902 

1,040 

6,650 

508 

3,694 

1,616 

833 

2,345 

15.693 

369 

438 

1.068 

4.206 

3,911 

1,152 



214395 

35,122 

53 

365 

601 

551 

1,536 

2,990 

606 

495 

509 

1,365 

115 

234 

729 

4,535 

1,229 

1.454 

5,740 

344 

89 

174 

82 

2,858 

1,046 

139 

294 

714 

774 

535 

498 

7,491 

1,486 

1,231 

72,285 
163 
792 
181 
224 
13,337 

1,545 

10,086 

434 

2,768 
299 

1,637 

2,885 
950 

6,618 
428 
327 

1,491 
789 

2.102 

15.342 

241 

401 

747 

4.182 
958 

1.063 



44 



TABLE 7. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY TYPE OF ADMISSION AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 

FISCAL YEAR 1995— Continued 





Immigrants admitted 


New arrivals 


Adjustments 


Region and country 
of birth 




Subject to 


Not subject 




Subject to 


Not subject 




Subject to 


Not subject 


Total 


numerical 


to numerical 


Total 


numerical 


to numerical 


Total 


numerical 


to numerical 






cap 


cap 




cap 


cap 




cap 


cap 


Vietnam 


41.752 


11,540 


30,212 


11,009 


10,075 


934 


30,743 


1,465 


29,278 


Yemen 


1.501 


1,497 


4 


1,346 


1,346 




155 


151 


4 




1.792 


1,760 


32 


1,086 


1,081 


5 


706 


679 


27 




42,456 


34,668 


7,788 


21,433 


21,432 


1 


21,023 


13,236 


7,787 


Algeria 


650 


645 


5 


356 


356 




294 


289 


5 


Cape Verde 


968 


968 




748 


748 




220 


220 




Egypt 


5,648 


5,582 


66 


4,007 


4,007 




1,641 


1,575 


66 


Ethiopia 


6,952 


4,912 


2,040 


4,015 


4,014 


1 


2,937 


898 


2,039 


Ghana 


3,152 


3,081 


71 


1,913 


1,913 




1,239 


1,168 


71 


Kenya 


1,419 


1,239 


180 


714 


714 




705 


525 


180 


Liberia 


1,929 


1,045 


884 


474 


474 


- 


1.455 


571 


884 


Morocco 


1,726 


1,722 


4 


937 


937 




789 


785 


4 


Nigeria 


6,818 


6,737 


81 


3,958 


3,958 




2,860 


2,779 


81 




919 
3,487 


882 
386 


37 
3,101 


514 
325 


514 

325 




405 
3,162 


368 
61 


37 


Somalia 


3,101 




2,560 
1,645 


2,527 
710 


33 
935 


1,021 
457 


1,021 

457 




1,539 
1,188 


1,506 
253 


33 


Sudan 


935 




4,583 


4,232 


351 


1,994 


1.994 




2,589 


2,238 


351 




4,695 


4,605 


90 


2,450 


2,448 


2 


2345 


2,157 


88 


Australia 


1,751 


1,744 


7 


650 


648 


2 


1.101 


1,096 


5 


Fiji 


1,491 


1,425 


66 


1,210 


1,210 




281 


215 


66 




727 
726 

231,526 


725 
711 

208,725 


2 
15 

22,801 


233 

357 

134,881 


233 

357 

134,614 


267 


494 
369 

96,645 


492 

354 

74,111 


2 




15 




22,534 


Canada 


12,932 


12,640 


292 


4,638 


4,406 


232 


8,294 


8,234 


60 


Mexico 


89,932 


86,079 


3,853 


46.409 


46.389 


20 


43,523 


39,690 


3,833 




96,788 


81309 


15,479 


65,113 


65,105 


8 


31,675 


16304 


15,471 




585 


564 


21 


164 


164 




421 


400 


21 


Barbados 


734 


727 


7 


394 


394 




340 


333 


7 


Cuba 


17,937 


5.478 


12,459 


4,998 


4,998 




12,939 


480 


12,459 


Dominican Republic .. 


38,512 


38,357 


155 


33,979 


33,975 


4 


4,533 


4,382 


151 


Grenada 


583 


581 


2 


356 


356 




227 


225 


2 


Haiti 


14,021 


11,328 


2,693 


8,395 


8,395 




5,626 


2,933 


2,693 


Jamaica 


16,398 


16,314 


84 


12,212 


12,211 


1 


4,186 


4,103 


83 


Trinidad & Tobago .... 


5,424 


5,403 


21 


3,095 


3,093 


2 


2,329 


2,310 


19 


Other Caribbean 


2.594 


2,557 


37 


1,520 


1,519 


1 


1,074 


1,038 


36 




31,814 


28,646 


3,168 


18,693 


18,686 


7 


13,121 


9,960 


3,161 


Belize 


644 


616 


28 


383 


382 


1 


261 


234 


27 




1,062 
11.744 
6,213 


1,042 
11,175 
5,903 


20 
569 

310 


556 
7,351 
3,862 


556 
7,348 
3,861 


3 

1 


506 
4,393 
2,351 


486 

3,827 
2,042 


20 




566 


Guatemala 


309 


Honduras 


5,496 


5,300 


196 


3,762 


3,762 




1,734 


1,538 


196 


Nicaragua 


4,408 


2,423 


1,985 


1,204 


1,202 


2 


3,204 


1,221 


1,983 


Panama 


2,247 


2,187 


60 


1,575 


1,575 




672 


612 


60 


Other North America ... 


60 


51 


9 


28 


28 




32 


23 


9 




45,666 

1,762 


44,779 
1,732 


887 

30 


27^98 
536 


27,295 
536 


3 


18368 

1,226 


17,484 
1,196 


884 


Argentina 


30 




1,332 


1,305 


27 


640 


640 




692 


665 


27 


Brazil 


4,558 


4,508 


50 


1,475 


1,474 


1 


3,083 


3,034 


49 


Chile 


1,534 


1,502 


32 


682 


682 




852 


820 


32 


Colombia 


10,838 


10,623 


215 


6,516 


6,516 




4,322 


4,107 


215 


Ecuador 


6,397 


6,343 


54 


4,816 


4,815 


1 


1,581 


1.528 


53 




7,362 


7,343 


19 


6,383 


6,383 




979 


960 


19 


Peru 


8,066 


7,756 


310 


4,575 


4,574 


1 


3,491 


3.182 


309 


Venezuela 


2.627 


2,500 


127 


958 


958 




1,669 


1,542 


127 


Other South America ... 


1.190 


1,167 


23 


717 


717 




473 


450 


23 


Unknown or not reported 


2 




2 








2 


" 


2 


- Represents zero. 





















45 



TABLE 8. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED CLASS OF ADMISSION 

AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 

FISCAL YEAR 1995 







Family- 


Employ- 


Immediate relatives of US citizens 


Refugee 






Suspen- 
sion of 
depor- 






Total 


spon- 
sored 
prefer- 


ment- 
based 
prefer- 










and 

asylee 
adjust- 


Diversity 

pro- 
grams ' 


IRCA 

legaliza- 
tion 




Region and 
country of birth 


Total 


Spouses 


Children 


Parents 


Other 1 
































ences 


ences 










ments 












720,461 


238,122 


85336 


220360 


123,238 


48,740 


48382 


114,664 


47,245 


4,267 


3,168 


7399 




128,185 

1.420 


9,752 


13,605 


31324 


22,448 


5,877 


2,999 


46,998 


23,741 


90 


148 


2327 


Albania 


219 


1 


288 


200 


70 


18 


314 


597 






1 


Belgium 


569 


28 


185 


247 


217 


20 


10 




101 






8 


Bulgaria 


1,797 


38 


258 


388 


186 


149 


53 


105 


1,000 




1 


7 


Czechoslovakia ... 


1,174 


72 


168 


488 


397 


51 


40 


38 


405 




1 


2 


France 


2,505 


153 


522 


1,361 


1,196 


112 


53 


7 


422. 




8 


32 


Germany 


6,237 


249 


916 


4,136 


3,512 


477 


147 


61 


821 


6 


4 


44 


Greece 


1,309 


187 


170 


736 


544 


66 


126 


50 


124 


10 


4 


28 


Hungary 


900 


58 


202 


432 


307 


63 


62 


28 


172 




1 


7 


Ireland 


5,315 


82 


148 


412 


354 


43 


15 




4,622 


6 




45 


Italy 


2,231 


247 


404 


1,210 


1,008 


76 


126 


7 


327 


7 


2 


27 


Latvia 


651 


5 


45 


127 


48 


70 


9 


387 


73 






14 


Lithuania 


767 


23 


51 


236 


94 


126 


16 


151 


298 






8 


Netherlands 


1,196 


54 


339 


617 


553 


34 


30 




179 


1 




6 


Poland 


13,824 


4,581 


1,158 


2,811 


1,586 


534 


691 


245 


4,916 


20 


23 


70 


Portugal 


2,615 


1,065 


582 


576 


419 


63 


94 


3 


368 


5 


2 


14 


Romania 


4,871 


281 


469 


1,525 


771 


428 


326 


592 


1,992 


1 


5 


6 


Soviet U, former . 


54,494 


286 


2,390 


5,547 


2,529 


2,640 


378 


40,120 


4,124 




13 


2.014 


Armenia 


1,992 


44 


192 


216 


165 


32 


19 


214 


423 




4 


899 


Azerbaijan 


1,885 


2 


28 


68 


51 


7 


10 


1,594 


118 






75 


Belarus 


3,791 


10 


47 


130 


83 


25 


22 


3,421 


122 




3 


58 


Moldova 


1,856 


12 


29 


100 


30 


47 


23 


1,597 


90 






28 


Russia 


14,560 


106 


1,306 


3,313 


1,199 


2,032 


82 


8,176 


1,346 




3 


310 


Ukraine 


17,432 


57 


378 


688 


458 


133 


97 


14,937 


1,068 




2 


302 


Uzbekistan 


3,645 


11 


57 


125 


57 


62 


6 


3,258 


125 






69 


Other republics . 


2,549 


13 


110 


268 


144 


103 


21 


1,863 


201 






94 


Unknown rep. ... 


6,784 


31 


243 


639 


342 


199 


98 


5,060 


631 




1 


179 


Spain 


1,321 


101 


250 


777 


641 


63 


73 


33 


150 


1 


3 


6 


Sweden 


976 


44 


195 


568 


527 


34 


7 




155 




2 


12 


Switzerland 


881 


42 


197 


463 


395 


47 


21 


1 


172 


1 




5 


United Kingdom .. 


12,427 


1,200 


4,015 


5,831 


5,018 


502 


311 


9 


1,199 


15 


23 


135 




8,307 


634 


467 


1,335 


847 


128 


360 


4,744 


1,055 


14 


51 


7 


Other Europe 


2,398 


103 


473 


1,213 


1,099 


81 


33 


103 


469 


3 


5 


29 


Asia 


267,931 


84,177 
192 


48,059 


82^81 


39,643 


15,153 


27,485 


43314 


6,418 


164 


534 


2,984 


Afghanistan 


1,424 


44 


471 


296 


14 


161 


616 


85 




16 




Bangladesh 


6,072 


2,869 


380 


826 


417 


84 


325 


36 


1,920 


9 


5 


27 


Burma 


1,233 


677 


91 


223 


149 


10 


64 


136 


105 




1 


- 


Cambodia 


1,492 


191 


22 


952 


583 


93 


276 


268 


26 




5 


28 


China, People's Rep. 


35,463 


10,018 


13,757 


10,813 


3,213 


2.482 


5,118 


803 


32 


4 


11 


25 




7,249 


4,389 


1.328 


1.025 


669 


145 


211 


48 


282 




7 


170 




34,748 


17,641 


7,164 


9,269 


3.893 


701 


4,675 


323 


130 


33 


21 


167 




1,020 
9,201 
5,596 
2,523 


194 

1.888 

750 

267 


140 

1,167 

153 

715 


481 
4,305 

803 
1,350 


348 
1,415 

339 
1,002 


61 
119 

36 
134 


72 

2,771 

428 

214 


62 
1,245 

3.848 
34 


116 

247 

31 

123 


1 

23 

3 

5 


6 
110 

7 
3 


20 




216 




1 




26 




4,837 


164 


1,581 


2.885 


2,571 


192 


122 


2 


156 


1 


10 


38 




3,649 
16,047 


1,117 
5,315 


175 
4,555 


2,198 
6,057 


1.334 
2,790 


229 
2,019 


635 
1,248 


64 
5 


60 
16 


4 
13 


16 
12 


15 




74 




961 

3,936 
3,884 
1,223 


240 

95 

1,251 

181 


191 

18 

491 

408 


398 

455 

1,948 

538 


368 

259 
1,180 

442 


23 
47 
123 
22 


7 
149 
645 

74 


63 
3.364 

48 
44 


49 

1 

51 

45 


4 


17 
2 

47 


3 




1 




44 




7 




9,774 


4,856 


725 


2,621 


1,619 


198 


804 


197 


1,215 


31 


11 


118 




50,984 


17,676 


10.172 


22.696 


10,744 


6,272 


5,680 


80 


10 


22 


169 


159 


Saudi Arabia 


788 


176 


150 


170 


132 


33 


5 


126 


139 




1 


26 




960 
2,362 


211 
652 


325 
288 


270 
1,059 


148 
631 


26 

70 


96 
358 


30 
258 


115 

30 


1 
1 


6 

15 


2 


Syria 


59 




9,377 
5,136 
2.947 


4.355 
603 
31. 


2,831 
281 
377 


2,109 
1,267 
1,057 


1.172 
858 
720 


280 

246 
96 


657 
163 
241 


2 

2,932 

58 


2 

19 

1,100 


3 
4 
2 


18 

7 
4 


57 




23 




38 







See footnotes at end of table 



46 



TABLE 8. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED CLASS OF ADMISSION 

AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 

FISCAL YEAR 1995— Continued 



Region and 
country of birth 



Family- 
spon- 
sored 

prefer- 
ences 



Employ- 
ment- 
based 
prefer- 
ences 



Immediate relatives of U.S. citizens 



Spouses 



Refugei 
and 
asylee 
adjust- 
ments 



Diversity 

pro- 
grams ' 



IRCA 
legaliza- 
tion 



Suspen- 
sion of 
depor- 
tation 



Vietnam .... 

Yemen 

Other Asia 



Africa 

Algeria 

Cape Verde .. 

Egypt 

Ethiopia 

Ghana 

Kenya 

Liberia 

Morocco 

Nigeria 

Sierra Leone 

Somalia 

South Africa 

Sudan 

Other Africa 



Oceania 

Australia 

Fiji 

New Zealand .. 
Other Oceania 



North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Bahamas, The ... 

Barbados 

Cuba 

Dominican Rep. 

Grenada 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

Trinidad & 
Tobago 

Other Caribbean 
Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

Other N. America 



South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Peru 

Venezuela 

Other S. America 

Unknown or not rep. 



41,752 
1,501 
1,792 

42,456 
650 
968 

5,648 
6,952 
3,152 
1,419 
1,929 
1,726 
6,818 
919 
3,487 
2,560 
1,645 
4,583 

4,695 
1,751 
1,491 

727 
726 

231,526 

12,932 

89,932 

96,788 

585 

734 

17,937 

38,512 

583 

14,021 

16,398 

5,424 
2,594 

31,814 

644 

1,062 

11,744 
6,213 
5,496 
4,408 
2,247 
60 

45,666 

1,762 
1,332 
4,558 
1,534 
10,838 
6,397 
7,362 
8,066 
2,627 
1,190 



6,810 
617 
471 

4,538 

12 
489 
1,193 
215 
606 
211 
173 
130 
544 
119 

35 
154 

31 
626 

985 

63 

645 
29 
248 

121,650 

1,229 

61,877 

44,521 

147 

336 

3,766 

20,141 

232 

7,279 

9,290 

2,167 

1,163 

14,009 

282 

234 

6,762 

3,145 

2,333 

804 

449 

14 

17,020 
262 

400 

593 

357 

3,808 

3,124 

5,041 

2,753 

469 

213 



100 

15 

415 

3,829 

62 

3 

509 

120 

206 

174 

101 

110 

857 

71 

6 

1,026 

47 

537 

822 

514 
37 

246 
25 

13,354 

5,748 

1,708 

2,272 

87 

56 

50 

278 

49 

317 

639 

634 

162 

3,620 

45 

73 

2,187 

696 

262 

219 

138 

6 

5,667 
628 

397 
1,294 
276 
899 
452 
236 
793 
532 
160 



4,623 
853 
559 

12,478 

233 
424 

1,626 

1,489 
929 
313 
610 
871 

2,923 
421 
139 
667 
192 

1,641 

2,188 

1,001 
393 
397 
397 

71,720 

5,300 

22,016 

33,766 

324 

325 

1,536 

17,814 

275 

3,547 

6,355 

2,410 

1,180 

10,609 

278 
699 
2,207 
1,916 
2,639 
1,289 
1,581 
29 

20369 

772 

456 
2,399 

841 
5,597 
2,504 
1.911 
3,813 
1,335 

741 



1,632 
296 

423 

8,442 
199 
161 

1,076 
855 
638 
256 
226 
717 

2,113 
219 
67 
464 
151 

1,300 

1,775 
920 

215 
368 

272 

39,079 

4,388 

13,824 

15,219 

228 

223 

534 

7,078 
155 

1,387 

3,495 

1,402 
717 

5,633 
132 
509 

1,101 
875 

1,401 

617 

998 

15 

11,851 

541 
262 

1,766 
551 

3,257 

1,427 
867 

2,048 
838 
294 



779 

536 

83 

1,884 

5 

153 

115 

303 

200 

36 

248 

32 

383 

130 

24 

56 

11 

188 

177 
73 
21 
21 
62 

20,918 

755 
3,844 
13,067 

73 

61 

468 

8,628 

78 

883 

1,898 

718 

260 

3,250 

98 
156 
518 
779 
921 
365 
413 
2 

4,731 

95 
88 
495 
187 
1,412 
568 
334 
774 
382 
396 



2,212 
21 
53 

2,152 

29 

110 

435 

331 

91 

21 

136 

122 

427 

72 

48 

147 

30 

153 

236 

8 

157 

8 

63 

11,723 

157 

4,348 

5,480 

23 

41 

534 

2,108 

42 

1,277 

962 

290 

203 

1,726 

48 
34 
588 
262 
317 
307 
170 
12 

3,787 
136 
106 
138 
103 
928 
509 
710 
991 
115 
51 



28,595 



7,527 
3 

29 

2,006 

54 

165 

855 

1 

26 

25 

3,095 

23 

935 

310 

63 

61 



16,265 

5 

37 
14,888 

1 

12,355 

22 

2,502 

4 

2 

2 

1335 

2 
8 
283 
158 
119 
727 
38 



497 

II 
9 

10 

10 
102 

II 

3 

241 

95 
5 



4 

12 

297 

13,760 

337 

51 

2,230 

3,088 

1,338 

536 

161 

611 

2,408 

269 

206 

671 

439 

1,415 

594 

153 

350 

52 

39 

1,206 

301 

24 

556 

6 

7 
126 

2 

25 

157 

5 

187 

41 

323 

2 

23 

5 

125 

54 

105 

9 

2 

1,526 

60 

40 
186 

23 
270 
226 
152 
367 
151 

51 



3,747 

19 

2,972 

375 

13 

5 

5 

120 

2 

129 

63 

16 

22 

381 

15 
9 
181 
92 
46 
28 
10 



186 

10 
5 
20 
10 
58 
25 
8 
29 
13 



173 

2 

24 
21 
10 
11 
18 

1 
29 
11 

6 



9 

1 

4 
1 
3 

2,129 

13 

581 

117 

3 

69 
1 

32 
9 



3 
1,418 

4 

3 

99 

57 

28 

1.221 

6 



175 
6 
13 
17 
6 
51 
14 
7 

33 
18 
10 



' Includes diversity transition and permanent diversity programs, 
entrant, Soviet and lndochine e parolee, and 1972 Registry provisions. 



Includes persons entering under the Amerasian, former HI registered nurse, Cuban/Haiuan 
- Represents zero. 

47 



TABLE 9. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED CLASS OF ADMISSION AND REGION 

AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF LAST PERMANENT RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1995 







Family- 


Employ- 


Immediate relatives of U.S. citizens 


Refugee 










Region and 
















and 


Diversity 
pro- 








country of last 


Total 


sored 


based 










asylee 


legaliza- 


sion of 


Other 1 


permanent 
residence 




prefer- 
ences 


prefer- 
ences 


Total 


Spouses 


Children 


Parents 


adjust- 
ments 


grams ' 


tion 


tation 






720,461 


238,122 


85^36 


220360 


123^38 


48,740 


48382 


114,664 


47345 


4,267 


3,168 


7,299 




132,914 


11,099 


13,799 


32,497 


23,188 


5,939 


3370 


48,850 


23,604 


93 


158 


2,814 


Albania 


1,247 


193 


1 


276 


190 


68 


18 


184 


592 






1 


Austria 


1.340 


51 


145 


343 


297 


15 


31 


656 


128 


2 


7 


8 


Belgium 


694 


45 


207 


314 


262 


25 


27 


6 


114 






8 


Bulgaria 


1,663 


32 


240 


367 


179 


145 


43 


101 


920 






3 


Czechoslovakia ... 


1,057 


64 


124 


451 


370 


50 


31 


24 


394 






- 


Denmark 


588 


25 


134 


329 


290 


17 


22 


13 


80 


1 




6 


France 


3,178 


285 


652 


1,694 


1,452 


130 


112 


21 


482 


2 


12 


30 


Germany 


7,896 


535 


1,084 


4,912 


4,062 


520 


330 


300 


1.009 


5 


8 


43 


Greece 


2,404 


222 


177 


802 


598 


72 


132 


1.035 


148 


9 


4 


7 


Hungary 


850 


53 


178 


422 


302 


67 


53 


17 


172 




1 


7 


Ireland 


4,851 


77 


145 


359 


301 


44 


14 




4,218 


7 


- 


45 


Italy 


2,594 


252 


407 


1,289 


1,074 


89 


126 


245 


363 


7 


2 


29 


Lithuania 


635 


18 


46 


169 


92 


71 


6 


97 


299 






6 


Netherlands 


1,284 


102 


318 


654 


579 


31 


44 


2 


200 


1 




7 


Poland 


13,570 


4,574 


1,084 


2,764 


1,474 


609 


681 


176 


4,858 


20 


23 


71 


Portugal 


2,611 


1,066 


571 


592 


431 


67 


94 


2 


358 


5 


2 


15 


Romania 


4,565 


271 


414 


1.469 


698 


450 


321 


510 


1,893 




6 


2 


Soviet Union 


54,133 


239 


2.181 


5,241 


2,390 


2,578 


273 


40,430 


3.693 




12 


2,337 


Spain 


1,664 


145 


275 


849 


693 


75 


81 


210 


172 


4 


3 


6 


Sweden 


1,142 


93 


229 


627 


557 


38 


32 


3 


176 




2 


12 


Switzerland 


1,119 


59 


269 


550 


460 


55 


35 


20 


216 


1 




4 


United Kingdom .. 


14,207 


1,957 


4,216 


6,054 


5,060 


495 


499 


29 


1,774 


17 


25 


135 


Yugoslavia 


7.828 


633 


430 


1,234 


766 


123 


345 


4,479 


983 


11 


51 


7 


Other Europe 


1,794 


108 


272 


736 


611 


105 


20 


290 


362 


1 




25 




259,984 
592 


82,170 

16 


45,867 

15 


80,171 

116 


38381 

80 


15,063 

2 


26,727 
34 


41,473 

414 


6,929 

20 


152 


510 

11 


2,712 


Afghanistan 




Bangladesh 


5,977 


2,863 


346 


816 


413 


86 


317 


36 


1,878 


9 


2 


27 


Burma 


953 


517 


67 


181 


112 


10 


59 


93 


94 




1 




Cambodia 


1,138 


138 


14 


845 


513 


91 


241 


97 


25 




3 


16 


China, People's Rep. 


30,384 


8,005 


12,848 


8,737 


2,966 


2.483 


3,288 


761 


9 


3 


5 


16 


Cyprus 


520 


109 


61 


309 


214 


38 


57 


4 


36 


- 


1 






10,699 


6,007 


1,699 


2,196 


989 


145 


1,062 


262 


336 




7 


192 


India 


33,060 


16,994 


6,710 


8,708 


3,704 


700 


4,304 


347 


85 


27 


20 


169 




1,247 

5,646 

2,213 

3,188 

5,556 

4,007 

15,053 

820 

995 

3,295 

1,440 


143 

1,095 

613 

289 

186 

1,234 

5,224 

153 

70 

1,043 

132 


126 
862 
125 
906 

1,789 
214 

3,793 

191 

6 

394 

378 


450 
2,833 

650 
1.511 
3,338 
2,400 
5,919 

304 

399 
1,711 

520 


336 

954 

266 

1.126 

2.898 
1,531 
2,698 
257 
222 
955 
415 


63 

87 

25 

146 

273 

253 

2,008 

8 

47 

96 

25 


51 

1,792 

359 

239 

167 

616 

1,213 

39 

130 

660 

80 


393 
583 
792 

44 
8 

64 
7 

92 
516 

46 
360 


107 

120 

22 

398 

185 

61 

13 

67 

1 

27 

40 


1 
19 
2 
8 
1 
5 
10 

4 


6 
103 

8 

3 
11 
18 
12 
11 

2 
51 


21 




31 




1 




29 




38 




11 




75 




2 




1 




19 




10 




10,177 
49,696 


4.841 
17,541 


665 
9,783 


2,940 
21,667 


1,725 
9.908 


206 
6,148 


1,009 
5,611 


367 
349 


1,199 

4 


31 

22 


13 
167 


121 




163 


Saudi Arabia 


2,830 


322 


270 


454 


347 


27 


80 


1,348 


414 




1 


21 




537 


70 


174 


240 


205 


19 


16 


45 


3 






5 




807 
2,135 
10,728 
10.028 


165 

587 

4,852 

609 


279 

233 

2,781 

294 


236 
1,005 
2,968 
1,279 


127 

587 

1.198 

836 


23 
68 
270 
248 


86 

350 

1,500 

195 


29 

249 

37 

7.786 


89 
33 

8 
17 


1 

3 
4 


6 
13 
23 

4 


2 




15 




56 


Thailand 


35 


Turkey 


4.806 


697 


412 


1,832 


872 


119 


841 


702 


1,141 


2 


5 


15 


United Arab 


























Emirates 


982 


305 


163 


217 


139 


23 


55 


22 


264 






11 


Vietnam 


37.764 


6,306 


31 


4,224 


1.298 


755 


2,171 


25,595 


1 




3 


1,604 


Yemen 


1,504 


607 


15 


851 


293 


537 


21 


8 


23 










1,207 


437 


223 


315 


197 


34 


84 


17 


209 






6 







See footnotes at end of table 

48 



TABLE 9. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED CLASS OF ADMISSION AND REGION 

AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF LAST PERMANENT RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1995— Continued 







Family- 


Employ- 


Immediate relatives of U.S. citizens 


Refugee 






Suspen- 




Region and 
















and 


Diversity 
pro- 


IRCA 




country of last 


Total 


sored 


based 










asylee 


legaliza- 


sion of 
depor- 
tation 


Other 1 


permanent 




prefer- 


prefer- 


Total 


Spouses 


Children 


Parents 


adjust- 


grams ' 


tion 








ences 


ences 










ments 










Africa 


39,818 


4,232 


3,403 


11,734 


7,762 


1,865 


2,107 


7,481 


12,645 


66 


178 


79 


Algeria 


560 


12 


56 


192 


158 


4 


30 


3 


293 




2 


2 


Cape Verde 


967 


487 


3 


424 


163 


153 


108 




52 






1 


Coted'Ivoire 


645 


42 


14 


218 


151 


49 


18 


289 


80 




1 


1 


Egypt 


5,462 


1,189 


462 


1,590 


1,066 


123 


401 


65 


2,098 


4 


24 


30 


Ethiopia 


5,896 


194 


96 


1,372 


744 


304 


324 


1,081 


3,122 


9 


20 


2 


Ghana 


3,005 


597 


168 


898 


589 


219 


90 


84 


1,240 


7 


9 


2 


Kenya 


3,751 


138 


117 


342 


248 


48 


46 


2,557 


577 


3 


13 


4 


Liberia 


1,396 


137 


93 


536 


220 


196 


120 


462 


138 


11 


19 




Morocco 


1,550 


119 


76 


761 


620 


32 


109 




591 


1 


1 


1 


Nigeria 


6,615 


551 


824 


2,860 


2,042 


382 


436 


25 


2,296 


19 


32 


8 


Senegal 


506 


54 


8 


168 


147 


13 


8 


7 


267 




2 




Sierra Leone 


961 


124 


70 


409 


204 


131 


74 


94 


250 


1 


11 


2 


Somalia 


1,363 


8 


4 


34 


25 


2 


7 


1,287 


24 


2 


4 




South Africa 


2,592 


159 


1,020 


695 


460 


57 


178 


24 


675 




9 


10 


Sudan 


1,499 


19 


35 


146 


124 


4 


18 


1,228 


70 






1 


Other Africa 


3,050 


402 


357 


1,089 


801 


148 


140 


275 


872 


9 


31 


15 




5,472 


1,111 


1,016 


2,525 


2,025 


220 


280 


107 


668 


9 


13 


23 


Australia 


2,399 


215 


697 


1,236 


1,098 


91 


47 


8 


223 




3 


17 


Fiji 


1,425 


609 


22 


376 


199 


22 


155 


62 


351 


1 


4 




New Zealand 


796 


57 


262 


409 


378 


24 


7 


- 


62 


1 


3 


2 


Other Oceania 


852 


230 


35 


504 


350 


83 


71 


37 


32 


7 


3 


4 




236,207 


122,552 


15,010 


73,228 


40,242 


20,960 


12,026 


16,199 


1,880 


3,761 


2,132 


1,445 


Canada 


18,117 


2,447 


7,404 


6,905 


5,625 


786 


494 


17 


969 


35 


21 


319 


Mexico 


90.045 


61,874 


1,774 


22,038 


13,841 


3,837 


4,360 


62 


19 


2,979 


582 


717 




96,021 


44,179 


2,191 


33,564 


15,053 


13,089 


5,422 


14,748 


573 


365 


112 


289 


Bahamas, The ... 


632 


137 


101 


352 


243 


72 


37 




11 


23 


3 


5 


Barbados 


765 


350 


60 


331 


229 


64 


38 




14 


5 




5 


Cuba 


17,661 
582 


3,666 
338 


46 
22 


1,479 
209 


505 
117 


460 
51 


514 
41 


12,258 
1 


118 
6 


2 


65 

2 


29 


Dominica 


2 


Dominican Rep. 


38,493 


20,172 


283 


17,754 


7,005 


8,642 


2,107 


24 


5 


120 


1 


134 




539 

13,872 
16.061 


234 
7,259 
9,102 


39 
288 
592 


243 
3,502 
6,256 


138 
1,355 
3,413 


77 

884 

1,904 


28 

1,263 

939 


2,455 
8 


22 

154 

6 


1 

124 
57 


32 
8 






58 




32 


Trinidad & 


5,382 


2,137 


621 


2,416 


1,399 


720 


297 


1 


185 


14 




8 




























Other Caribbean 


2,034 


784 


139 


1,022 


649 


215 


158 


1 


52 


19 


1 


16 


Central America 


32,020 


14,052 


3,641 


10,720 


5,722 


3,248 


1,750 


U70 


318 


382 


1,417 


120 




679 
1,178 


289 

277 


54 
86 


297 
746 


154 
539 


99 

158 


44 
49 


19 


2 
23 


18 
10 


3 
3 


16 


Costa Rica 


14 


El Salvador 


11,670 


6,727 


2,164 


2.193 


1,089 


518 


586 


284 


5 


176 


101 


20 


Guatemala 


6,240 


3,159 


708 


1,919 


877 


772 


270 


157 


125 


92 


56 


24 




5,505 
4,319 


2,339 

777 


266 
216 


2,638 
1,242 


1,395 

587 


922 
361 


321 

294 


124 
719 


50 
103 


46 
29 


27 
1,218 


15 




15 


Panama 


2,429 


484 


147 


1,685 


1,081 


418 


186 


67 


10 


11 


9 


16 


Other N. America 


4 






1 


1 






2 


1 










46,063 


16,958 


6,241 


20,205 


11,640 


4,693 


3,872 


553 


1,519 


184 


177 


226 


Argentina 


2,239 


307 


1,027 


797 


533 


95 


169 


13 


67 


9 


6 


13 


Bolivia 


1,345 


396 


409 


459 


263 


89 


107 


9 


43 


5 


12 


12 


Brazil 


4,695 


635 


1,392 


2,395 


1,732 


497 


166 


11 


185 


20 


18 


39 


Chile 


1,454 


347 


255 


794 


510 


188 


96 


9 


23 


9 


6 


11 


Colombia 


10,641 


3,795 


853 


5,468 


3,147 


1.406 


915 


101 


264 


55 


52 


53 


Ecuador 


6,453 


3,133 


505 


2,495 


1.417 


570 


508 


13 


228 


24 


14 


41 


Guyana 


6,939 


4,818 


195 


1,769 


784 


326 


659 


1 


138 


6 


7 


5 


Paraguay 


623 


56 


92 


467 


90 


362 


15 




6 


2 






Peru 


7.934 


2,723 


764 


3,742 


1.986 


772 


984 


246 


359 


30 


33 


37 


Venezuela 


3,124 


584 


647 


1,539 


988 


351 


200 


141 


163 


18 


19 


13 


Other S. America 


616 


164 


102 


280 


190 


37 


53 


9 


43 


6 


10 


2 


Unknown or not rep. 


3 














1 




2 







1 Includes diversity transition and permanent diversity programs 
entrant, Soviet and Indochinese parolee, and 1972 Registry provisions. 



Includes persons entering under the Amerasian. former HI registered nurse, Cuban/Haitian 



- Represents zero. 



49 



TABLE 10. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED WHO WERE ADJUSTED TO PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUS 
BY SELECTED STATUS AT ENTRY AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 

FISCAL YEAR 1995 







Visitors 


Visitors 




Tempo- 


Ex- 




Intracom- 


Refugees 


Entered 


Other 


Region and country 
of birth 


Total 


for busi- 
ness 


for plea- 
sure 


Stu- 
dents ' 


rary 
workers ' 


change 
visitors ' 


Fiances- 
tees) 2 


Dany trans- 
ferees ' 


and 
parolees 


without 
inspection 


and 
unknown 




340,170 
84,466 


3,879 
692 


83,526 
15,569 


18,002 
2368 


27,081 
4,959 


3,852 
1,468 


6^71 
1,496 


7386 
2,463 


112,401 

47,744 


47379 
1,159 


30,093 




6348 


Albania 


368 




27 


5 


1 


4 


4 




303 


8 


16 


Belgium 


367 


4 


74 


43 


73 


31 


9 


60 


3 


9 


61 


Bulgaria 


713 


10 


271 


81 


132 


49 


8 


9 


107 


25 


21 


Czechoslovakia 


592 


2 


315 


43 


76 


28 


27 


19 


43 


5 


34 


France 


1,556 


18 


413 


201 


207 


71 


61 


186 


25 


16 


358 


Germany 


3,068 


47 


943 


239 


333 


127 


151 


221 


134 


27 


846 


Greece 


694 


8 


273 


144 


82 


12 


25 


6 


73 


34 


37 


Hungary 


526 


2 


252 


39 


112 


33 


15 


14 


31 


1 


27 


Ireland 


515 


13 


216 


20 


78 


29 


24 


56 


3 


11 


65 


Italy 


1,387 


34 


585 


77 


133 


21 


33 


60 


31 


14 


399 


Latvia 


516 


6 


67 


8 


19 


11 


2 




376 


1 


26 


Lithuania 


392 


7 


165 


19 


16 


10 


10 


5 


152 




8 


Netherlands 


731 


11 


156 


62 


177 


38 


38 


89 


6 


6 


148 


Poland 


4,825 


34 


3,282 


138 


462 


83 


106 


22 


263 


235 


200 


Portugal 


1,239 


4 


657 


38 


21 


1 


27 


26 


25 


336 


104 


Romania 


2,056 


18 


1,010 


67 


174 


17 


63 


7 


528 


31 


141 


Soviet Union, former 


47,881 


302 


2,995 


304 


877 


545 


463 


180 


40,898 


49 


1,268 




1,460 
1,757 


16 
6 


273 
65 


5 

4 


34 

4 


11 

4 


2 
4 


2 
5 


1,108 
1,615 


6 

2 


3 




48 




3,656 

1,706 

11,345 

16,286 


5 

7 

159 

46 


131 

60 

1,136 

666 


5 

4 

197 

54 


25 

11 

527 

126 


6 
1 

364 
60 


15 

2 

280 

75 


1 

98 
37 


3.388 
1,584 
8,194 
14,843 


1 

21 

7 


79 




37 




369 


Ukraine 


372 


Uzbekistan 


3,466 


3 


98 


1 


18 


7 


10 


7 


3,162 


3 


157 


Other republics 


2,251 


21 


152 


16 


50 


31 


25 


9 


1,885 


2 


60 


Unknown republic 


5.954 


39 


414 


18 


82 


61 


50 


21 


5,119 


7 


143 




812 

537 

502 

7,545 


10 

11 

6 

104 


303 

135 

161 

2.149 


93 
103 

59 
304 


86 

60 

71 

1,357 


32 
21 
34 
159 


25 

19 

16 

318 


39 

63 

46 

1,206 


11 

12 

6 

105 


16 
3 
2 

58 


197 




110 




101 


United Kingdom 


1.785 




6,295 
1,349 


16 

25 


752 
368 


131 
150 


223 
189 


71 
41 


16 
36 


30 
119 


4,482 
127 


264 
8 


310 




286 




117,421 


1,587 


24,453 


10,691 


17,286 


1,786 


3319 


1,928 


46367 


2,930 


7,174 




795 


5 


96 


6 


1 


1 


22 


1 


573 


45 


45 




843 


9 


183 


127 


138 


34 


1 


3 


44 


239 


65 




318 

523 

14,163 


7 

5 

294 


84 

105 

2,661 


33 

2 

3,438 


24 

1 

1,848 


7 
986 


10 
36 

337 


4 
437 


123 

341 

2,341 


3 

12 
461 


23 




21 


China, People's Rep. 


1,360 




1,606 


42 


571 


322 


308 


14 


16 


136 


63 


51 


83 


India 


10,468 


138 


2,481 


911 


4,880 


291 


190 


232 


245 


585 


515 


Indonesia 


503 


6 


196 


86 


64 


3 


33 


12 


63 


1 


39 


Iran 


4,335 


38 


1,780 


542 


225 


9 


121 


39 


1,293 


84 


204 


Iraq 


4,158 


5 


145 


50 


38 


8 


37 


11 


3,782 


9 


73 


Israel 


1,680 


34 


950 


167 


215 


49 


19 


49 


43 


33 


121 


Japan 


2,902 


15 


377 


646 


352 


45 


193 


205 


33 


20 


1,016 


Jordan 


1,040 


18 


508 


281 


66 


15 


24 


9 


53 


15 


51 




6,650 

508 

3,694 

1.616 


209 
2 
3 
35 


3,121 
140 
264 

774 


1,174 

159 

8 

227 


471 

81 

2 

162 


33 

2 

56 


170 
20 
34 

77 


164 
16 

19 


38 

52 

3,344 

91 


405 

11 

1 

65 


865 




25 




38 


Lebanon 


110 


Malaysia 


833 


8 


318 


197 


166 


4 


24 


26 


49 


3 


38 


Pakistan 


2.345 


40 


773 


283 


321 


31 


33 


37 


192 


390 


245 


Philippines 


15.693 


403 


5,131 


233 


6,500 


73 


1,322 


165 


536 


310 


1.020 




369 

438 
1,068 
4,206 


4 

13 

17 

134 


71 

118 

497 

1,668 


51 

82 

142 

929 


93 

101 
74 
815 


2 
17 
23 
33 


6 

5 
43 
22 


4 
12 

8 
234 


120 
20 
194 

21 


8 

16 
26 

41 


10 




54 




44 


Taiwan 


309 




3,911 


39 


472 


159 


50 


3 


133 


9 


2,953 


5 


88 







See footnotes at end of table. 

50 



TABLE 10. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED WHO WERE ADJUSTED TO PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUS 

BY SELECTED STATUS AT ENTRY AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 

FISCAL YEAR 1995— Continued 







Visitors 


Visitors 




Tempo- 


Ex- 




Intracom- 


Refugees 


Entered 


Other 


Region and country 
of birth 


Total 


for busi- 
ness 


for plea- 
sure 


Stu- 
dents ' 


rary 
workers ' 


change 
visitors ' 


Fiances - 
(ees) 2 


pany trans- 
ferees ' 


and 
parolees 


without 
inspection 


and 
unknown 


Turkey 


1,152 


41 


422 


216 


121 


32 


24 


30 


88 


62 


116 


Vietnam 


30,743 


7 


239 


19 


16 


2 


248 


8 


29,649 


18 


537 


Yemen 


155 


3 


99 


15 


4 


1 


5 


1 


5 


7 


15 




706 
21,023 


13 
443 


209 
6,057 


186 
2,250 


149 
1382 


12 
320 


14 
324 


57 
358 


18 
7333 


4 
958 


44 




1398 


Algeria 


294 


5 


159 


37 


25 


26 


6 


3 


3 


5 


25 


Cape Verde 


220 




191 


5 




2 


14 






2 


6 


Egypt 


1,641 


42 


936 


128 


229 


30 


17 


40 


35 


66 


118 


Ethiopia 


2,937 


22 


549 


261 


29 


22 


21 


2 


1,888 


20 


123 


Ghana 


1,239 


35 


371 


122 


73 


27 


33 


1 


81 


384 


112 


Kenya 


705 


9 


126 


223 


78 


12 


10 


15 


164 


8 


60 


Liberia 


1,455 


17 


422 


69 


14 


6 


2 


3 


794 


27 


101 


Morocco 


789 


17 


430 


137 


20 


38 


19 


17 


16 


19 


76 


Nigeria 


2,860 


130 


1,143 


466 


343 


50 


110 


10 


59 


308 


241 




405 
3,162 


15 


253 
34 


45 
21 


10 
1 


10 
1 


8 
6 


1 


23 
3,038 


8 

7 


33 


Somalia 


53 




1,539 
1,188 


31 

11 


449 
115 


109 

84 


496 

23 


48 
5 


24 

2 


212 
1 


35 
896 


10 
4 


125 




47 




2,589 
2,245 


109 
58 


879 
948 


543 
159 


241 
409 


43 
33 


52 
114 


53 
231 


301 
53 


90 
36 


278 




204 


Australia 


1,101 


31 


388 


72 


241 


22 


78 


171 


15 


5 


78 


Fiji 


281 


2 


178 


16 


6 


1 


7 


7 


24 


23 


17 




494 
369 


11 
14 


156 
226 


21 
50 


156 

6 


10 


21 
8 


53 


4 
10 


8 


62 


Other Oceania 


47 




96,645 


679 


26,546 


1,471 


1,648 


136 


1,090 


1,863 


10,665 


39309 


13338 


Canada 


8,294 


60 


2,197 


460 


788 


56 


416 


1,611 


225 


80 


2,401 


Mexico 


43,523 


148 


7,754 


222 


171 


28 


293 


152 


343 


29,909 


4,503 




31,675 


358 


13,029 


609 


580 


33 


227 


67 


9351 


2,785 


4,636 


Bahamas, The 


421 


6 


256 


40 


35 


1 


2 


5 


8 


19 


49 


Barbados 


340 


9 


273 


11 


20 


- 


1 




1 


4 


21 


Cuba 


12,939 


27 


2,960 


7 


7 


1 


20 


1 


6,964 


217 


2,735 


Dominican Rep. .. 


4,533 


137 


2,382 


63 


92 


16 


80 


20 


28 


1,450 


265 


Grenada 


227 


9 


169 


3 


4 


1 


4 




5 


17 


15 


Haiti 


5,626 


27 


1,641 


56 


13 


3 


11 


3 


2,298 


673 


901 


Jamaica 


4,186 


91 


2,740 


193 


277 


7 


72 


6 


33 


315 


452 


Trinidad & 
























Tobago 


2,329 


37 


1,824 


162 


94 


2 


28 


28 


6 


42 


106 


Other Caribbean .. 


1,074 


15 


784 


74 


38 


2 


9 


4 


8 


48 


92 


Central America .. 


13,121 


113 


3,556 


178 


108 


19 


154 


31 


744 


6,434 


1,784 


Belize 


261 


4 


161 


11 


2 




1 




4 


63 


15 




506 
4,393 
2,351 


16 
5 
30 


324 
381 
649 


15 
17 
17 


11 
16 
13 


4 
5 
2 


24 
18 
17 


10 
5 
5 


6 
210 
109 


63 
3,172 
i,297 


33 




564 


Guatemala 


212 


Honduras 


1,734 


28 


645 


38 


21 


- 


38 


5 


47 


702 


210 


Nicaragua 


3,204 


18 


977 


25 


4 


7 


18 


2 


336 


1,112 


705 


Panama 


672 


12 


419 


55 


41 


1 


38 


4 


32 


25 


45 


Other N. America .. 


32 


- 


10 


2 


1 






2 


2 


1 


14 




18368 


420 


9,953 


1,063 


1,197 


109 


328 


543 


239 


3,086 


1,430 


Argentina 


1,226 


32 


622 


77 


189 


29 


11 


72 


4 


86 


104 


Bolivia 


692 


24 


292 


45 


21 


3 


7 


9 


8 


214 


69 


Brazil 


3,083 


83 


1,679 


218 


298 


22 


95 


255 


26 


220 


187 


Chile 


852 


23 


536 


45 


96 


10 


11 


21 


6 


39 


65 


Colombia 


4,322 


78 


2,372 


223 


184 


11 


96 


47 


46 


890 


375 


Ecuador 


1,581 


33 


811 


51 


23 


1 


19 


13 


18 


514 


98 


Guyana 


979 


28 


550 


34 


38 


2 


23 


6 


9 


202 


87 


Peru 


3,491 


65 


1,811 


143 


156 


14 


36 


39 


101 


815 


311 


Venezuela 


1,669 


37 


1,027 


196 


159 


14 


17 


77 


16 


27 


99 


Other S. America ... 


473 


17 


253 


31 


33 


3 


13 


4 


5 


79 


35 


Unknown or not rep .. 


2 


















1 


1 



Includes spouses and children. ' Includes children. - Represents zero. 



51 



TABLE 11. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED IN FISCAL YEAR 1995, BY CALENDAR YEAR AT ENTRY, 
TYPE OF ADMISSION, AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BERTH 





Total 


New 
arrivals 
1993-94 


Adjustments 


Region and country 
of birth 


1993-94 


1992 


1991 


1990 


1989 


1988 


1987 


1986 


1985 


1984 


Before 
1984 


Un- 
known 




720,461 


380,291 


88,265 


92,707 


37,262 


23,957 


20,009 


15,621 


12,600 


7,079 


7340 


6,489 


14,185 


14,656 




128,185 


43,719 


25,548 


32,280 


13,003 


4,440 


2,769 


1,510 


952 


638 


586 


398 


736 


1,606 


Albania 


1,420 


1,052 


70 


163 


71 


49 


3 


1 


2 


- 






3 


6 


Belgium 


569 


202 


217 


52 


35 


12 


11 


5 


3 


6 


6 




7 


13 


Bulgaria 


1,797 


1,084 


170 


147 


106 


123 


119 


21 


3 


3 


1 




3 


17 


Czechoslovakia 


1,174 


582 


260 


121 


69 


54 


40 


13 


3 


2 


2 


2 


10 


16 


France 


2,505 


949 


895 


287 


94 


56 


39 


25 


9 


17 


13 


17 


22 


82 


Germany 


6,237 


3,169 


1,831 


522 


193 


129 


60 


35 


18 


28 


17 


19 


58 


158 


Greece 


1,309 


615 


261 


140 


64 


44 


24 


26 


25 


14 


16 


11 


47 


22 


Hungary 


900 


374 


201 


75 


56 


44 


31 


43 


24 


13 


7 


1 


14 


17 


Ireland 


5,315 


4,800 


291 


87 


20 


12 


26 


13 


8 


8 


8 


2 


12 


28 


Italy 


2,231 


844 


789 


197 


80 


40 


33 


27 


22 


32 


20 


9 


37 


101 


Latvia 


651 


135 


104 


253 


107 


28 


14 


4 


2 


1 








3 


Lithuania 


767 


375 


105 


128 


69 


53 


23 


2 


3 


1 






3 


5 


Netherlands 


1,196 


465 


474 


104 


47 


23 


19 


9 


11 


2 


3 


2 


5 


32 


Poland 


13,824 


8,999 


831 


492 


510 


552 


704 


568 


348 


236 


195 


114 


147 


128 


Portugal 


2,615 


1,376 


204 


75 


69 


67 


168 


162 


141 


87 


122 


66 


26 


52 


Romania 


4,871 


2,815 


473 


343 


324 


377 


335 


58 


17 


10 


4 


5 


17 


93 


Soviet Union, former . 


54,494 


6,613 


9,817 


24,661 


10,026 


2,045 


749 


208 


61 


29 


25 


29 


69 


162 


Armenia 


1,992 


532 


91 


542 


425 


251 


86 


39 


14 


1 


3 


3 


4 


1 


Azerbaijan 


1,885 


128 


291 


1,048 


353 


38 


15 


1 


1 


4 


4 


1 




1 


Belarus 


3,791 


135 


713 


1,914 


851 


108 


38 


13 


2 




5 


2 


5 


5 


Moldova 


1,856 


150 


241 


999 


364 


60 


21 


4 


1 


7 


2 


3 


2 


2 


Russia 


14,560 


3,215 


2,964 


5,229 


1,986 


715 


276 


40 


17 


3 


1 


3 


16 


95 


Ukraine 


17,432 


1,146 


3,607 


8,378 


3,405 


537 


200 


71 


12 


7 


6 


6 


25 


32 


Uzbekistan 


3,645 


179 


297 


2,148 


907 


66 


12 


13 




2 


2 


5 


9 


5 


Other republics 


2,549 


298 


354 


1,300 


483 


71 


24 


4 


1 


3 


1 


1 


4 


5 


Unknown republic ... 


6,784 


830 


1,259 


3,103 


1,252 


199 


77 


23 


13 


2 


1 


5 


4 


16 


Spain 


1,321 


509 


475 


117 


41 


29 


28 


17 


16 


4 


15 


10 


17 


43 


Sweden 


976 


439 


312 


92 


39 


17 


11 


11 


1 


3 


9 


1 


8 


33 


Switzerland 


881 


379 


318 


84 


32 


14 


11 


9 


5 


2 


2 


1 


5 


19 


United Kingdom 


12,427 


4,882 


4,246 


1,385 


529 


288 


173 


120 


92 


65 


67 


43 


133 


404 


Yugoslavia 


8,307 


2,012 


2,472 


2,477 


305 


337 


101 


115 


126 


63 


52 


64 


72 


111 




2.398 


1,049 


732 


278 


117 


47 


47 


18 


12 


12 


2 


2 


21 


61 




267,931 

1,424 


150,510 


32,298 


36,564 


13,096 


9,079 


7,035 


4,101 


3,000 


1,983 


1,840 


1,720 


3^18 


3,187 


Afghanistan 


629 


73 


221 


164 


99 


112 


27 


9 


20 


3 


9 


16 


42 


Bangladesh 


6,072 


5,229 


193 


131 


108 


90 


55 


48 


56 


16 


28 


37 


30 


51 


Burma 


1,233 


915 


71 


76 


26 


30 


38 


44 


4 


3 


10 


4 


6 


6 


Cambodia 


1,492 


969 


121 


82 


71 


17 


37 


37 


29 


15 


19 


34 


56 


5 


China, People's Rep. . 


35,463 


21,300 


2,136 


2,801 


1,871 


2,410 


2,063 


631 


354 


182 


152 


129 


232 


1,202 




7,249 


5,643 


471 


267 


150 


135 


140 


99 


60 


45 


52 


44 


108 


35 


India 


34,748 


24,280 


3,930 


2,160 


1,372 


870 


568 


363 


302 


202 


132 


126 


166 


277 


Indonesia 


1,020 


517 


162 


107 


52 


33 


28 


24 


17 


19 


8 


8 


30 


15 


Iran 


9,201 


4,866 


1,108 


764 


385 


250 


230 


184 


215 


165 


222 


247 


441 


124 


Iraq 


5,596 


1,438 


1,435 


2,278 


217 


30 


65 


11 


6 


9 


13 


6 


67 


21 


Israel 


2,523 


843 


570 


285 


153 


127 


144 


105 


63 


53 


46 


29 


58 


47 


Japan 


4,837 


1,935 


1,567 


558 


264 


126 


69 


53 


44 


31 


18 


11 


39 


122 


Jordan 


3,649 


2,609 


230 


129 


100 


121 


157 


106 


60 


38 


23 


14 


25 


37 


Korea 


16,047 


9,397 


1,611 


1,112 


812 


770 


579 


381 


280 


163 


207 


177 


332 


226 


Kuwait 


961 


453 


88 


67 


58 


52 


91 


32 


27 


30 


24 


8 


12 


19 


Laos 


3,936 


242 


371 


1,424 


842 


284 


272 


224 


101 


66 


31 


13 


52 


14 


Lebanon 


3,884 


2,268 


451 


170 


153 


115 


84 


118 


142 


91 


54 


50 


101 


87 


Malaysia 


1,223 


390 


222 


141 


75 


73 


60 


79 


53 


34 


21 


19 


37 


19 


Pakistan 


9,774 


7,429 


569 


306 


263 


262 


214 


146 


110 


76 


54 


119 


85 


141 


Philippines 


50,984 


35,291 


4,130 


3,001 


2,632 


1,416 


851 


624 


611 


442 


460 


357 


798 


371 




788 

960 

2,362 


419 

522 

1,294 


149 
92 
191 


92 
49 
129 


32 
34 
301 


17 
57 

77 


23 
45 
84 


20 
47 
46 


8 
24 
86 


8 
26 

23 


3 

15 
26 


4 

20 
28 


7 
22 
50 


6 




7 


Syria 


27 


Taiwan 


9,377 


5,171 


1,109 


651 


409 


446 


374 


244 


115 


92 


108 


133 


456 


69 


Thailand 


5,136 


1,225 


682 


1,450 


764 


312 


198 


150 


130 


55 


38 


27 


78 


27 


Turkey 


2,947 


1,795 


378 


220 


101 


HI 


70 


89 


29 


31 


16 


16 


35 


56 


Vietnam 


41,752 


11,009 


9,914 


17,737 


1,555 


658 


333 


122 


45 


31 


41 


38 


159 


110 


Yemen 


1,501 


1,346 


39 


18 


33 


20 


9 


12 


4 


5 


2 


2 


2 


9 




1,792 


1,086 


235 


138 


99 


71 


42 


35 


16 


12 


14 


11 


18 


15 







See footnotes at end of table 



52 



TABLE 11. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED IN FISCAL YEAR 1995, BY CALENDAR YEAR AT ENTRY, 
TYPE OF ADMISSION, AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH— Continued 



Region and country 
of birth 



New 
arrivals 
1993-94 



Adjustments 



1986 



Before 
1984 



Africa 

Algeria 

Cape Verde 

Egypt 

Ethiopia 

Ghana 

Kenya 

Liberia 

Morocco 

Nigeria 

Sierra Leone 

Somalia 

South Africa 

Sudan 

Other Africa 

Oceania 

Australia 

Fiji 

New Zealand 

Other Oceania 

North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Bahamas, The 

Barbados 

Cuba 

Dominican Republic 

Grenada 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

Trinidad & Tobago ,. 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

Other North America .. 

South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Peru 

Venezuela 

Other South America .. 

Unknown or not reported 



42,456 
650 
968 

5,648 
6,952 
3,152 
1,419 
1,929 
1,726 
6,818 
919 
3,487 
2,560 
1,645 
4,583 

4,695 
1,751 
1,491 

727 
726 

231,526 

12,932 

89,932 

96,788 

585 

734 

17,937 

38,512 

583 

14,021 

16,398 

5,424 

2,594 

31,814 

644 

1,062 

11,744 

6.213 

5,496 

4,408 

2,247 

60 

45,666 

1,762 
1,332 
4,558 
1,534 
10,838 
6,397 
7,362 
8,066 
2,627 
1,190 



21,433 
356 

748 

4,007 

4,015 

1,913 

714 

474 

937 

3,958 

514 

325 

1,021 

457 

1,994 

2,450 

650 

1,210 

233 

357 

134,881 

4,638 

46,409 

65,113 

164 

394 

4,998 

33,979 

356 

8,395 

12,212 

3,095 

1,520 

18,693 

383 

556 

7,351 

3,862 

3,762 

1,204 

1,575 

28 

27,298 

536 

640 

1,475 

682 

6,516 

4,816 

6,383 

4,575 

958 

717 



4,722 

83 

33 

404 

387 

252 

213 

153 

210 

544 

35 

727 

655 

432 

594 

1,061 

678 

36 

259 



20,058 

5,224 

6,858 

6388 

150 

60 

2,030 

977 

36 

1,681 

824 

372 

258 

1,576 

35 

158 

343 

295 

245 

313 

187 

12 

4,578 
422 
101 

1,013 
219 
942 
280 
162 
624 
712 
103 



6,657 

46 

11 
244 
1,413 
172 
167 
592 

97 
359 

34 

2,240 

406 

431 

445 

411 
223 

21 
120 

47 

14,487 
1,399 
2,871 
9,340 

49 

52 

6,542 

796 

21 

1,076 

456 

217 

131 

870 

26 

67 

206 

138 

157 

183 

93 

7 

2^08 

170 

48 

414 

133 

483 

181 

96 

448 

287 

48 



1,963 

50 

7 

212 

320 

180 

87 

98 

68 

280 

43 

93 

166 

81 

278 

180 

71 
45 
34 
30 

7,413 

553 

2,343 

3,880 

27 

38 

2,253 

675 

11 

283 

385 

124 

84 

637 

10 

42 

178 

150 

121 

83 

53 



1,607 

90 

47 
303 

87 
405 
125 

72 
305 
147 

26 



1,734 
36 

7 

210 

178 

180 

57 

125 

90 

299 

99 

12 

99 

59 

283 

142 
41 

43 
25 
33 

7,029 

240 

3,690 

2,413 

17 

29 

881 

573 

13 

207 

452 

162 

79 

685 

13 

47 

195 

142 

162 

80 

46 

1 

1^33 

89 
55 

296 
68 

357 

141 
86 

308 
90 
43 



1331 

34 
9 

156 

184 
90 
34 

104 
77 

248 
48 
16 
44 
54 

233 

96 

26 
32 
16 

22 

7,154 

111 

4,214 

1,914 

22 

28 

214 

476 

31 

206 

514 

314 

109 

915 

22 

55 

342 

184 

190 

73 

49 



1,624 

90 
70 

250 
82 

414 

145 
87 

342 
98 
46 



1,089 

14 
77 
92 

135 
61 
23 
50 
80 

227 
28 
21 
37 
55 

189 

57 
8 

31 
3 

15 

7345 

64 

4,536 

1384 

26 

34 

104 

335 

31 

261 

357 

362 

74 

1,060 

17 

34 

370 

241 

185 

146 

67 

1 

1,619 

88 
85 
239 
70 
352 
145 
104 
412 
79 
45 



744 

4 

43 

65 

69 

64 

36 

41 

79 

142 

20 

9 

6 

20 
146 

53 

12 

17 

3 

21 

6,740 

32 
4,417 
1,186 

9 

21 

101 

191 

31 

180 

241 

324 

88 

1,105 

16 

24 

397 

194 

123 

296 

55 



1,111 

58 
63 

174 
45 

232 

145 
50 

251 
52 
41 



19 
41 
66 
47 
14 
50 
31 
123 
23 
6 
10 
14 
83 

37 
6 

20 
2 
9 

3,157 

24 

1,782 

766 

16 

22 

47 

66 

16 

143 

194 

195 

67 

585 

12 

4 

167 

117 

41 

223 

21 



737 
34 
33 

116 
17 

188 
49 
92 

153 
27 
28 



419 

3 

6 
54 
33 
19 
21 
45 
16 
112 
14 

5 
23 

2 
66 



5 
2 
14 

3,642 

35 
2,124 

519 
15 
11 
32 
44 
7 

179 

143 
64 
24 

964 
29 
12 

356 

191 
87 

272 
17 



832 

34 
75 
76 
32 

280 
86 
60 

138 
30 
21 



284 

4 

4 
43 
23 
15 

8 
29 

6 
69 
18 

3 
19 

3 
40 

16 

5 
4 
3 

4 

3,482 

17 

1,925 

530 

6 

12 

51 

70 

6 

212 

109 

41 

23 

1,010 

14 

14 

396 

194 

69 

313 

10 



589 

39 
24 
59 
25 
171 
101 
32 
97 
24 
17 



797 
11 
1 
59 
59 
74 
28 
94 
9 

287 

22 

9 

19 

11 

114 

77 
3 

7 
10 
57 

8,066 
122 

4,505 
1,410 

44 

16 

274 

168 

14 

507 

216 

78 

93 

2,026 

58 

29 

897 

308 

164 

518 

52 

3 

989 

68 
44 
61 
45 
244 
109 
95 
228 
58 
37 



NOTE: The year of entry for new arrivals is the year entering as an immigrant. The year of entry for adjustments is the latest year of entry as a nonimmigrant or the 
latest year of entry in another temporary status. 
- Represents zero. 



53 



TABLE 12. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY AGE AND SEX 
FISCAL YEARS 1985-95 



Age and sex 


198? 


1986 


1987 


1988 


1989 


1990 


1991 


1992 


1993 


1994 


1995 


Total 


570,009 


601,708 


601,516 


643,025 


1,090,924 


1,536,483 


1,827,167 


973,977 


904,292 


804,416 


720,461 


Under 5 years 


32,867 


33,767 


32,733 


31,063 


31,577 


33,520 


36,669 


37,487 


39,111 


36,085 


37,323 


5-9 years 


37,717 


39,720 


37,501 


38,186 


46,775 


51,922 


49,609 


58,445 


62,949 


57,194 


52,326 


10-14 years 


44,890 


47,152 


43,939 


44,531 


85,332 


95,453 


66,237 


73,619 


78,157 


71,716 


67,676 


15-19 years 


53,769 


56,283 


57,439 


57,859 


98,911 


125,516 


109,261 


94,374 


95,514 


82,796 


72,919 


20-24 years 


80,677 


79,640 


77,620 


77,938 


112,002 


181,258 


354,747 


116,280 


96,237 


85,538 


71,596 


25-29 years 


94,284 


95,318 


94,481 


96,188 


167,117 


274,035 


380,682 


150,783 


122,787 


103,588 


92,870 


30-34 years 


67,177 


72,449 


72,734 


79,439 


169,195 


251,589 


276,464 


124,603 


108,815 


92,563 


80,995 


35-39 years 


43,339 


47,574 


49,541 


58,525 


122,958 


173,723 


182,200 


88.564 


78,887 


67,830 


59,398 


40-44 years 


27,397 


30,039 


33,175 


41,720 


79,955 


112,988 


120,980 


61,663 


56,100 


50,030 


45,445 


45-49 years 


20,647 


22,469 


24,383 


29,708 


51.918 


71,425 


78,393 


43,275 


41,378 


38,756 


36,065 


50-54 years 


17.116 


19,161 


20,195 


23,888 


38,937 


51,949 


57,023 


34,230 


31.484 


29,041 


26,141 


55-59 years 


15,826 


18,028 


18,515 


20,887 


30,042 


39,776 


41,330 


28,368 


28,246 


26,402 


23,888 


60-64 years 


13,801 


15,905 


15,931 


17,549 


22,700 


30,329 


30,856 


24,537 


24,758 


23,103 


19,769 


65-69 years 


9,503 


11,226 


11,348 


12,359 


16,786 


21,338 


21,616 


18,604 


19,400 


18,832 


15,850 


70-74 years 


6,069 


7,012 


6,542 


6,827 


8,824 


11,021 


11,109 


10,202 


11,131 


11,232 


9,639 


75-79 years 


3,083 


3,689 


3,363 


3,836 


4,904 


6,369 


5,938 


5,222 


5,347 


5,438 


4,637 


80 years and over . 


1,847 


2,276 


2,006 


2,497 


2,841 


4,082 


3,680 


3,586 


3,888 


4,201 


3,867 


Unknown age 






70 


25 


150 


190 


373 


135 


103 


71 


57 




286,141 


300,777 


300,238 


324,521 


550,176 


818,443 


1,213,767 


496,724 


424,475 


372,691 


333,859 


Under 5 years 


16,005 


16,629 


16,058 


15,334 


16,027 


17,082 


18,580 


19,020 


19,550 


17,939 


17,891 


5-9 years 


19,387 


20.460 


19,184 


19,553 


23,968 


26,651 


25,228 


29,817 


32,092 


29,136 


26,779 


10-14 years 


23,445 


24,248 


22,727 


22,993 


43,667 


48,697 


34,112 


38,195 


40,286 


36,762 


34,824 


15-19 years 


27,286 


28,782 


29,219 


29,760 


50,379 


63,426 


64,888 


48,493 


48,672 


41,942 


36,888 


20-24 years 


39,843 


38,563 


36,963 


37,514 


53,691 


95,684 


263,149 


60,715 


41,829 


37,702 


31,631 


25-29 years 


49,941 


49,998 


49,125 


49,749 


86,229 


155,719 


268,701 


79,622 


54.859 


45,425 


40,751 


30-34 years 


35,779 


38,411 


38,344 


42,000 


87,875 


139,578 


188,466 


65,641 


51,845 


42,793 


37,756 


35-39 years 


22,320 


24,810 


25,699 


31,070 


63,936 


95,153 


122,263 


46,142 


37,413 


30,898 


26,757 


40-44 years 


13,973 


15,369 


16,969 


22,049 


41,265 


61,368 


80,507 


31,392 


25,560 


22,339 


20,01 1 


45-49 years 


9,957 


10,851 


12,045 


15,194 


26,432 


38,598 


52,509 


21,845 


19,388 


17,695 


16,053 


50-54 years 


7,323 


8,399 


9,091 


11,310 


18,746 


26,394 


35,955 


16,121 


13,889 


12,751 


11,445 


55-59 years 


6,442 


7,329 


7,738 


9,245 


13,583 


18,904 


23,893 


12,496 


11,916 


10,999 


10,044 


60-64 years 


5,696 


6,627 


6,691 


7,482 


9,917 


13,275 


15,741 


10,767 


10,318 


9,668 


8,486 


65-69 years 


4,159 


4,800 


5,148 


5,665 


7,445 


9,180 


10,331 


8,150 


8,110 


7,983 


7,046 




2,607 


3,003 


2,888 


2,956 


3,826 


4,639 


5,047 


4,559 


4,841 


4,753 


4,110 


75-79 years 


1,290 


1,549 


1,434 


1,608 


2,019 


2,518 


2,611 


2,206 


2,284 


2,202 


1,912 


80 years and over . 


688 


949 


873 


1,027 


1,095 


1,467 


1,507 


1,451 


1,565 


1,659 


1,445 


Unknown age 






42 


12 


76 


110 


279 


92 


58 


45 


30 




283,868 


300,931 


301,278 


318,504 


540,661 


717,764 


613,166 


477,062 


479,771 


431,684 


386,582 


Under 5 years 


16,862 


17,138 


16,675 


15,729 


15,542 


16,423 


18,086 


18,460 


19,561 


18,142 


19,428 


5-9 years 


18,330 


19,260 


18,317 


18,633 


22,803 


25,260 


24.370 


28,614 


30,855 


28,054 


25,546 


10-14 years 


21,445 


22,904 


21,212 


21,538 


41,657 


46,736 


32,112 


35,416 


37,866 


34,951 


32,850 


15-19 years 


26,483 


27,501 


28,220 


28,099 


48,523 


62,077 


44,357 


45,868 


46,838 


40,852 


36,028 


20-24 years 


40,834 


41,077 


40,657 


40,424 


58,307 


85,552 


91,576 


55,548 


54,403 


47,835 


39,964 


25-29 years 


44,343 


45,320 


45,356 


46,439 


80,880 


118,271 


111,944 


71,129 


67,922 


58,158 


52.118 


30-34 years 


31.398 


34,038 


34,390 


37.439 


81,305 


111,959 


87,968 


58,925 


56,962 


49,760 


43,238 


35-39 years 


21,019 


22,764 


23,842 


27,455 


59,012 


78,546 


59,910 


42,406 


41,472 


36,927 


32,639 


40-44 years 


13,424 


14,670 


16,206 


19,671 


38,684 


51,606 


40,452 


30,258 


30,534 


27,689 


25,433 


45-49 years 


10,690 


11,618 


12,338 


14,514 


25,481 


32,816 


25,870 


21,423 


21,986 


21,061 


20,012 


50-54 years 


9,793 


10,762 


11,104 


12,578 


20,189 


25,545 


21,058 


18,105 


17,594 


16,289 


14,695 


55-59 years 


9,384 


10,699 


10,777 


11,642 


16,455 


20,867 


17,432 


15,867 


16,330 


15,400 


13,843 


60-64 years 


8,105 


9,278 


9,240 


10,067 


12,783 


17,042 


15,109 


13,764 


14,438 


13,434 


11,282 


65-69 years 


5,344 


6,426 


6,200 


6,694 


9,340 


12,149 


11,278 


10,449 


11,290 


10,849 


8,804 


70-74 years 


3,462 


4,009 


3,654 


3,871 


4,997 


6,375 


6,053 


5,639 


6.289 


6,479 


5,529 


75-79 years 


1,793 


2,140 


1,929 


2,228 


2,883 


3,846 


3,325 


3,016 


3,063 


3,236 


2,724 


80 years and over . 


1,159 


1,327 


1,133 


1,470 


1,746 


2,614 


2,172 


2,132 


2,323 


2,542 


2,422 


Unknown age 






28 


13 


74 


80 


94 


43 


45 


26 


27 


Unknown sex 










87 


276 


234 


191 


46 


41 


20 


Percent distribution 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


Male 


50.2 


50.0 


49.9 


50.5 


50.4 


53.3 


66.4 


51.0 


46.9 


46.3 


46.3 


Female 


49.8 


50.0 


50.1 


49.5 


49.6 


46.7 


33.6 


49.0 


53.1 


53.7 


53.7 




26.8 


27J 


27.7 


28.7 


30.1 


30.1 


28.8 


28.5 


28.3 


28.3 


28.2 


Male 


26.7 


27.2 


27.6 


28.7 


30.1 


30.1 


28.6 


28.3 


27.8 


27.6 


27.4 


Female 


26.9 


27.4 


27.7 


28.7 


30.2 


30.2 


29.3 


28.8 


28.7 


28.9 


28.8 



• Represents zero. 



54 



TABLE 13. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH, AGE, AND SEX 

FISCAL YEAR 1995 



Age and sex 



All 
countries 



China, 
Mainland 



Republic 



El 
Salvador 



Germany 



Total 

Under 5 years 

5-9 years 

10-14 years 

15-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over . 
Unknown age 

Male 

Under 5 years 

5-9 years 

10-14 years 

15-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over . 
Unknown age 



Female 

Under 5 years 

5-9 years 

10-14 years 

15-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over . 
Unknown age 



Unknown sex 

Percent distribution , 

Male 

Female 



Median age 

Male 

Female 

See footnotes at end of table. 



720,461 

37,323 

52,326 

67,676 

72,919 

71,596 

92,870 

80,995 

59,398 

45,445 

36,065 

26,141 

23,888 

19,769 

15,850 

9,639 

4,637 

3,867 

57 

333,859 

17,891 

26,779 

34,824 

36,888 

31,631 

40,751 

37,756 

26,757 

20,011 

16,053 

11,445 

10,044 

8,486 

7,046 

4,110 

1,912 

1,445 

30 

386,582 

19,428 

25,546 

32,850 

36,028 

39,964 

52,118 

43,238 

32,639 

25,433 

20,012 

14,695 

13,843 

11,282 

8,804 

5,529 

2,724 

2,422 

27 

20 

100.0 

46.3 

53.7 

28.2 

27.4 
28.8 



12,932 

844 
1,125 

1,027 

927 

1,202 

1,954 

1,772 

1,385 

1.089 

747 

406 

205 

97 

73 

41 

17 

21 

6,207 

426 

578 

520 

483 

464 

864 

855 

665 

511 

386 

221 

111 

47 

41 

18 

10 

7 

6,725 
418 

547 

507 

444 

738 

1,090 

917 

720 

578 

361 

185 

94 

50 

32 

23 

7 

14 



100.0 

48.0 
52.0 

28.4 

28.7 
28.1 



35,463 

2,500 

1,817 

2,021 

2,072 

1,923 

3,768 

4,439 

3,543 

2,965 

2,524 

1,688 

1,651 

1,701 

1,395 

835 

394 

215 

12 

15,980 

276 

920 

1,077 

1,087 

663 

1,458 

2,094 

1,779 

1,483 

1,273 

778 

727 

853 

726 

453 

219 

105 

9 

19,479 

2,224 

896 

944 

985 

1,260 

2,310 

2,344 

1,763 

1,481 

1,251 

910 

924 

848 

669 

382 

175 

110 

3 



100.0 

45.1 
54.9 

34.1 

36.2 

32.2 



10,838 
626 
596 

991 

1,098 

807 

1,411 

1,576 

1,165 

718 

482 

365 

319 

274 

203 

106 

66 

35 

4,389 

311 

300 

548 

553 

311 

535 

599 

384 

225 

162 

122 

99 

94 

72 

40 

19 

15 

6,449 

315 
296 
443 
545 
496 
876 
977 
781 
493 
320 
243 
220 
180 
131 
66 
47 
20 



100.0 

40.5 
59.5 

29.7 
26.9 
31.3 



17,937 

347 

799 

730 

1,083 

1,450 

1,628 

1,925 

1,328 

1,349 

1,449 

1,377 

1,185 

973 

868 

595 

441 

408 

2 

9,295 
186 

376 
365 
521 
825 
999 
1,162 
759 
770 
772 
690 
540 
428 
387 
234 
145 
136 

8,641 

161 
423 
365 
562 
625 
629 
763 
568 
579 
677 
687 
645 
545 
481 
361 
296 
272 
2 

1 

100.0 

51.8 
48.2 

38.7 

36.2 
42.0 



38,512 

2,873 

5,627 

6,641 

5,433 

2,721 

3,684 

3,254 

2,327 

1,637 

1,181 

726 

746 

667 

472 

278 

142 

103 

18,297 

1,453 

2,781 

3,323 

2,549 

1,216 

1,761 

1,567 

1,071 

740 

521 

294 

273 

272 

231 

130 

62 

53 

20,214 

1,420 

2,846 

3,318 

2,883 

1,505 

1,923 

1,687 

1,256 

897 

660 

432 

473 

395 

241 

148 

80 

50 



100.0 

47.5 
52.5 

18.6 

17.8 
19.3 



6,397 
383 

443 
681 
826 
642 
858 
759 
485 
344 
252 
209 
141 
138 
115 
65 
32 
24 

2,916 

205 

226 

350 

420 

292 

402 

346 

191 

139 

82 

76 

45 

46 

46 

24 

16 

10 

3,481 

178 

217 

331 

406 

350 

456 

413 

294 

205 

170 

133 

96 

92 

69 

41 

16 

14 



100.0 

45.6 
54.4 

26.3 

24.6 
27.8 



11,744 

273 

634 

1,802 

2,530 

1,235 

1,641 

1,188 

774 

474 

310 

222 

208 

166 

134 

89 

33 

31 

5,468 

127 

352 

922 

1,321 

628 

793 

462 

281 

173 

120 

67 

72 

51 

46 

30 

11 

12 

6,276 
146 

282 

880 

1,209 

607 

848 

726 

493 

301 

190 

155 

136 

115 

88 

59 

22 

19 



100.0 

46.6 
53.4 

22.2 
20.1 
25.1 



6,237 

269 

286 

269 

275 

866 

1,393 

1,117 

624 

328 

282 

214 

126 

52 

48 

30 

14 

42 

2 

2,181 

138 

141 

133 

95 

121 

380 

411 

255 

151 

118 

101 

62 

35 

20 

11 

2 

6 

1 

4,056 

131 

145 

136 

180 

745 

1,013 

706 

369 

177 

164 

113 

64 

17 

28 

19 

12 

36 

1 



100.0 

35.0 
65.0 

29.2 

30.9 
28.4 



55 



TABLE 13. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH, AGE, AND SEX 

FISCAL YEAR 1995— Continued 



Age and sex 


Guyana 


Haiti 


Hong 
Kong 


India 


Iran 


Jamaica 


Korea 


Mexico 


Nigeria 


Pakistan 


Total 


7362 


14,021 


7349 


34,748 


9301 


16398 


16,047 


89,932 


6,818 


9,774 


Under 5 years 


318 


822 


419 


1,924 


153 


705 


1,933 


3,814 


327 


961 


5-9 years 


606 


1,023 


521 


1,647 


238 


1,393 


516 


9,763 


389 


716 


10-14 years 


775 


1,570 


922 


2,448 


543 


2,026 


1,422 


13,528 


436 


870 


15-19 years 


922 


2,510 


992 


2,813 


398 


2,269 


1,676 


14,264 


443 


919 


20-24 years 


489 


1,577 


423 


3,232 


541 


1,303 


1,003 


10,760 


585 


1,041 


25-29 years 


736 


1,380 


607 


5,665 


1,007 


1,799 


1,661 


10,364 


1,206 


1,388 


30-34 years 


736 


1,366 


867 


4,015 


922 


1,943 


1,519 


7,454 


1,360 


1,063 


35-39 years 


664 


964 


843 


2,567 


750 


1,472 


1,601 


5,162 


948 


765 


40-44 years 


613 


680 


724 


2,220 


597 


1,017 


1,365 


4,028 


420 


536 


45-49 years 


426 


406 


466 


1,941 


567 


798 


1,193 


3,233 


209 


359 


50-54 years 


338 


322 


135 


1,661 


516 


536 


676 


2,470 


134 


280 


55-59 years 


256 


305 


136 


1,584 


636 


397 


470 


1,899 


145 


295 


60-64 years 


208 


331 


80 


1,268 


777 


295 


371 


1,347 


99 


257 


65-69 years 


140 


340 


47 


917 


731 


208 


293 


873 


75 


164 


70-74 years 


75 


248 


37 


500 


497 


104 


193 


513 


32 


89 


75-79 years 


39 


110 


19 


224 


214 


66 


86 


234 


9 


49 


80 years and over 


21 


67 


4 


121 


113 


67 


68 


218 


1 


22 








7 


I 


1 




1 


8 








3^08 


6,561 


3,478 


16326 


4,077 


7,667 


7,011 


38,748 


3365 


4,832 


Under 5 years 


157 


399 


216 


979 


83 


352 


1,017 


1,956 


154 


479 


5-9 years 


319 


527 


267 


860 


127 


685 


271 


4,996 


208 


365 


10-14 years 


410 


784 


462 


1,280 


294 


974 


731 


6,971 


229 


489 


15-19 years 


461 


1,283 


515 


1,453 


170 


1,116 


888 


7,484 


223 


439 


20-24 years 


199 


767 


198 


900 


203 


579 


330 


5,515 


241 


425 


25-29 years 


327 


636 


273 


2,523 


370 


908 


477 


3,873 


484 


661 


30-34 years 


354 


679 


385 


2,234 


381 


974 


607 


2,312 


664 


597 


35-39 years 


303 


439 


363 


1,218 


329 


703 


632 


1,427 


588 


384 


40-44 years 


295 


310 


336 


966 


285 


454 


580 


1,013 


278 


253 


45-49 years 


189 


164 


231 


902 


260 


339 


555 


790 


124 


180 


50-54 years 


168 


132 


72 


748 


196 


200 


341 


671 


63 


116 


55-59 years 


118 


86 


71 


731 


215 


158 


201 


531 


47 


132 


60-64 years 


97 


94 


39 


629 


328 


90 


148 


447 


26 


125 


65-69 years 


60 


110 


20 


459 


349 


65 


104 


356 


19 


98 


70-74 years 


28 


84 


17 


255 


307 


31 


75 


211 


13 


45 


75-79 years 


16 


41 


7 


120 


129 


20 


31 


109 


3 


34 


80 years and over 


7 


26 


2 


68 


50 


19 


22 


83 


1 


10 








4 


1 


1 




1 


3 








3,854 


7,460 


3,771 


18,418 


5,124 


8,731 


9,036 


51,184 


3,452 


4,942 


Under 5 years 


161 


423 


203 


942 


70 


353 


916 


1,858 


172 


482 


5-9 years 


287 


496 


254 


787 


111 


708 


245 


4,767 


181 


351 


10-14 years 


365 


786 


460 


1,168 


249 


1,052 


691 


6,557 


207 


381 


15-19 years 


461 


1,227 


477 


1,360 


228 


1,153 


788 


6,780 


220 


480 


20-24 years 


290 


810 


225 


2,332 


338 


724 


673 


5,245 


344 


616 


25-29 years 


409 


744 


334 


3,141 


637 


891 


1,184 


6.491 


722 


727 


30-34 years 


382 


687 


482 


1,781 


541 


969 


912 


5,142 


696 


466 


35-39 years 


361 


525 


480 


1,349 


421 


769 


969 


3,735 


360 


381 


40-44 years 


318 


370 


388 


1,254 


312 


563 


785 


3,015 


142 


283 


45-49 years 


237 


242 


235 


1,039 


307 


459 


638 


2,443 


85 


179 


50-54 years 


170 


190 


63 


913 


320 


336 


335 


1,799 


71 


164 


55-59 years 


138 


219 


65 


853 


421 


239 


269 


1,368 


98 


163 


60-64 years 


111 


237 


41 


639 


449 


205 


223 


900 


73 


132 


65-69 years 


80 


230 


27 


458 


382 


143 


189 


517 


56 


66 


70-74 years 


47 


164 


20 


245 


190 


73 


118 


302 


19 


44 


75-79 years 


23 


69 


12 


104 


85 


46 


55 


125 


6 


15 


80 years and over 


14 


41 


2 


53 


63 


48 


46 


135 




12 


Unknown age 






3 










5 






Unknown sex 








4 










1 




Percent distribution .... 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


Male 


47.7 


46.8 


48.0 


47.0 


44.3 


46.8 


43.7 


43.1 


49.4 


49.4 


Female 


52.3 


53.2 


52.0 


53.0 


55.7 


53.2 


56.3 


56.9 


50.6 


50.6 




29.0 

28.5 


23.0 

21.3 


28.3 

26.8 


29.7 

30.3 


40.4 

41.4 


26.6 

25.8 


29.4 

27.9 


21.3 

18.7 


30.1 

31.0 


26.4 


Male 


26.8 


Female 


29.5 


24.9 


29.2 


29.1 


39.6 


27.3 


30.1 


25.3 


29.3 


26.0 



See footnotes at end of table. 

56 



TABLE 13. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH, AGE, AND SEX 

FISCAL YEAR 1995— Continued 



Age and sex 



Philippines 



Soviet 
Union 



United 
Kingdom 



Yugoslavia 



Total 

Under 5 years 

5-9 years 

10-14 years 

15-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over ... 
Unknown age 

Male 

Under 5 years 

5-9 years 

10-14 years 

15-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over ... 
Unknown age 

Female 

Under 5 years 

5-9 years 

10-14 years 

15-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over ... 
Unknown age 

Unknown sex 

Percent distribution 

Male 

Female 

Median age 

Male 

Female 

- Represents zero. 



8,066 

208 
471 
717 
942 
661 
984 
999 
788 
547 
382 
326 
241 
276 
233 
162 
75 
54 

3,495 

105 

243 

352 

465 

270 

433 

414 

317 

217 

147 

113 

85 

97 

95 

71 

37 

34 

4,570 

103 
228 
364 
477 
391 
551 
585 
471 
330 
235 
213 
156 
179 
138 
91 
38 
20 



1O0.0 

43.3 
56.7 

30.3 

28.7 
31.5 



50,984 

2,073 

3,158 

4,126 

4,766 

3,197 

7,068 

6,713 

4,792 

3,200 

2,408 

2,081 

2,273 

2,030 

1,646 

890 

357 

205 

1 

21,238 

1,069 

1,598 

2,155 

2,356 

1,085 

2,375 

2,941 

1,982 

1,300 

971 

767 

903 

737 

543 

271 

95 

90 

29,744 

1,004 

1,560 

1,970 

2,410 

2,112 

4,693 

3,772 

2,810 

1,900 

1,437 

1,313 

1,370 

1,293 

1,103 

619 

262 

115 

1 



100.0 

41.7 
58.3 

30.7 

30.0 
31.3 



13,824 

694 

849 

1,113 

1,353 

1,222 

1,708 

1,552 

1,437 

1,201 

900 

566 

480 

358 

200 

117 

36 

34 

4 

6,258 
346 
442 
559 

683 

508 

758 

728 

647 

544 

356 

224 

196 

132 

72 

42 

12 

6 

3 

7,566 
348 

407 

554 

670 

714 

950 

824 

790 

657 

544 

342 

284 

226 

128 

75 

24 

28 

1 



100.0 

45.3 

54.7 

29.9 

29.0 
30.8 



54,494 

3,341 
4,295 
3,887 
3,496 
3,841 
4,148 
4,447 
4,369 
3,701 
3,571 
1,887 
3,390 
2,633 
2,925 
2,191 
1,057 
1,310 
5 

25,226 

1,677 

2.209 

2,009 

1,779 

1,667 

1,889 

2,072 

2,023 

1,727 

1,621 

804 

1,441 

1,199 

1,385 

865 

403 

454 

2 

29,266 

1,664 
2,086 
1,878 
1,717 
2,174 
2,259 
2,375 
2,346 
1,974 
1,950 
1,083 
1,949 
1,433 
1,540 
1,326 
653 
856 
3 



100.0 
46.3 

53.7 

34.8 

33.4 
36.0 



9377 

246 

407 

956 

1,070 

495 

968 

1.339 

1,078 

1,173 

550 

272 

241 

273 

168 

82 

29 

30 

4,134 

128 
223 
518 
530 

274 

307 

528 

450 

470 

270 

115 

93 

84 

80 

39 

13 

12 

5,242 

118 

184 

438 

539 

221 

661 

811 

628 

703 

280 

157 

148 

189 

88 

43 

16 

18 



100.0 

44.1 
55.9 

32.0 

31.0 
32.7 



12,427 
592 

719 

722 

676 

1,223 

2,341 

2,181 

1,258 

885 

688 

491 

274 

125 

87 

66 

45 

53 

1 

6,405 

286 

366 

356 

348 

519 

1,121 

1,184 

705 

503 

399 

281 

169 

63 

45 

29 

16 

15 

6,022 

306 

353 

366 

328 

704 

1,220 

997 

553 

382 

289 

210 

105 

62 

42 

37 

29 

38 



100.0 

51.5 

48.5 

29.9 

30.8 
28.9 



41,752 
1,085 
2,562 
3,577 
3,117 
7,145 
4,782 
2,608 
2,377 
2,958 
3,363 
2,971 
2,082 
1,534 
930 
395 
175 



20401 
556 

1,378 

1,895 

1,602 

3,670 

2,299 

1,098 

818 

1,021 

1,636 

1,735 

1,141 

829 

518 

203 

75 

26 

1 

21,251 

529 

1,184 

1,682 

1,515 

3,475 

2,483 

1,510 

1,559 

1,937 

1,727 

1,236 

941 

705 

412 

192 

100 

62 

2 



100.0 
49.1 
50.9 

28.2 

27.1 
29.4 



8307 
399 
638 

735 

710 

778 

953 

1,032 

899 

717 

378 

278 

274 

220 

153 

72 

40 

30 

1 

4,176 
189 

317 

376 

331 

389 

497 

554 

451 

386 

182 

149 

126 

103 

65 

29 

14 

18 

4,131 

210 

321 

359 

379 

389 

456 

478 

448 

331 

196 

129 

148 

117 

88 

43 

26 

12 

1 



100.0 

50.3 
49.7 

29.7 
29.9 
29.5 



163,407 

8,590 

10,724 

12,334 

14,334 

20,616 

26,870 

22,213 

14,606 

9,667 

6,814 

4,885 

3,844 

3,150 

2,365 

1,305 

617 

466 

7 

79^45 

4.321 

5,507 

6,357 

7,201 

9,071 

12,901 

11.289 

7,446 

4,784 

3,226 

2,169 

1,639 

1,371 

1,017 

543 

248 

152 

3 

84,159 

4,269 

5,217 

5,977 

7,132 

11,544 

13,969 

10,924 

7,160 

4,883 

3,588 

2,716 

2,204 

1,779 

1,348 

762 

369 

314 

4 



100.0 

48.5 
51.5 

27.8 

27.8 

27.8 



57 



TABLE 14. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY MARITAL STATUS, AGE, AND SEX 
FISCAL YEAR 1995 



Age and sex 

Total 

Under 5 years 

5-9 years 

10-14 years 

15-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over 

Unknown age 

Male ........ 

Under 5 years 

5-9 years 

10-14 years 

15-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over 

Unknown age 

Female 

Under 5 years 

5-9 years 

10-14 years 

15-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over 

Unknown age 

Unknown sex 

Percent distribution 

Male 

Female 

Unknown 

Median age 

Male 

Female 

- Represents zero. Z Rounds to 

58 



Total 



Single 



Divorced 



Separated 



720,461 

37,323 

52,326 

67,676 

72,919 

71,596 

92,870 

80,995 

59,398 

45,445 

36,065 

26,141 

23,888 

19,769 

15,850 

9,639 

4,637 

3,867 

57 

333,859 

17,891 

26,779 

34,824 

36,888 

31,631 

40,751 

37,756 

26,757 

20,011 

16,053 

11,445 

10,044 

8,486 

7,046 

4,110 

1,912 

1,445 

30 

386,582 

19,428 

25,546 

32,850 

36,028 

39,964 

52,118 

43,238 

32,639 

25,433 

20,012 

14,695 

13,843 

11,282 

8,804 

5,529 

2,724 

2,422 

27 

20 

100.0 

46.3 

53.7 

Z 

28.2 

27.4 

28.8 



330375 

37,323 

52,326 

67,605 

69,238 

37,171 

27,423 

17,542 

8,410 

4,213 

2,574 

1,626 

1,391 

1,151 

1,015 

648 

354 

340 

25 

173,506 

17,891 

26,779 

34,786 

36,147 

21,270 

16,395 

10,730 

4,671 

2,077 

1,020 

521 

390 

284 

244 

132 

81 

74 

14 

156,859 

19,428 

25,546 

32,817 

33,088 

15,901 

11,028 

6,812 

3,739 

2,136 

1,554 

1,105 

1,001 

867 

771 

516 

273 

266 

11 

10 

100.0 

52.5 

47.5 

Z 

15.6 

16.0 

15.1 



358,615 



26 

3,249 

33,610 

63,981 

61,525 

48.735 

38,884 

30,955 

22,061 

19,424 

15,194 

11,183 

6,012 

2,352 

1,395 

29 

152,080 



16 

512 

10,021 

23,707 

26,162 

21,175 

17,095 

14.283 

10,324 

9,066 

7,622 

6,151 

3,493 

1,488 

950 

15 

206,526 



10 

2,737 

23,588 

40,273 

35,362 

27,559 

21.788 

16,672 

11,736 

10,357 

7,571 

5.032 

2,519 

863 

445 

14 

9 
100.0 

42.4 
57.6 
Z 
36.7 
38.7 
35.3 



15,728 



27 

97 

164 

225 

337 

582 

946 

1.702 

2,472 

2,920 

2,564 

1,737 

1,955 

2,128 



10 

24 

45 

41 

40 

62 

95 

157 

258 

406 

355 

275 

360 

13,600 



17 

73 

119 

184 

297 

520 

851 

1,545 

2,214 

2,514 

2,209 

1,462 

1,595 



100.0 

13.5 
86.5 

67J 
69.1 

67.0 



10,460 



4 

27 

208 

662 

1,191 

1,478 

1,528 

1,495 

1,178 

1,050 

673 

489 

268 

113 

93 

3 

3,659 



2 

14 

55 

274 

513 

609 

571 

484 

364 

295 

215 

128 

76 

32 

26 

1 

6,801 



2 

13 

153 

388 

678 

869 

957 

1.011 

814 

755 

458 

361 

192 

81 

67 

2 



100.0 

35.0 
65.0 

45.4 

43.2 
46.6 



1,404 



1 
6 

85 

164 

163 

202 

189 

170 

120 

114 

91 

65 

22 

7 

5 



1 

5 

68 

95 

88 

108 

115 

105 

80 

70 

59 

27 

15 

2 



100.0 

40.2 
59.8 

42.2 
41.7 
42.6 



less than 0.05 percent. 



TABLE 15. IMMIGRANT-ORPHANS ADOPTED BY U.S. CITIZENS BY SEX, 

AGE, AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 

FISCAL YEAR 1995 



Region and country 
of birth 



Sex 



Age 



Under 1 
year 



1 -4 years 



5-9 years 



All countries — ................ 

Europe 

Bulgaria 

Estonia 

Greece 

Hungary 

Latvia 

Lithuania 

Poland 

Romania 

Soviet Union, former 

Russia 

Ukraine 

Other republics 

Unknown republic 

Other Europe 

Asia 

Bangladesh 

Cambodia 

China, People's Republic 

Hong Kong 

India 

Japan 

Korea 

Lebanon 

Nepal 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Taiwan 

Thailand 

Turkey 

Vietnam 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Ethiopia 

Other Africa 

Oceania 

North America 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Dominican Republic .... 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

Trinidad 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

Other North America 

South America 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Paraguay 

Peru 

Venezuela 

Other South America 

- Represents zero. 



9384 

2,660 

108 

6 

8 

27 

59 

102 

32 

260 

2,049 

1,684 

5 

183 

177 

9 

4,843 

6 

10 

2,049 

26 

368 

61 

1,570 

20 

10 

8 

293 

23 

50 

9 

316 

24 

104 

69 
35 



764 
91 
115 

13 

50 

36 

10 

6 

555 

6 

19 

30 

436 

27 

10 

27 

3 

1,004 

21 

134 

86 

338 

70 

332 

15 

6 

2 



3^69 

1,277 

47 

3 

6 

9 

31 

51 

14 

118 

994 

825 

2 

84 

83 

4 

1392 

2 

5 

41 

13 

109 

36 

831 

6 

4 

3 

156 

12 

24 

6 

134 

10 

43 

30 
13 



351 

43 

50 
6 

25 

13 
4 
2 
258 
2 
7 

11 
211 

12 
3 

12 



502 

10 
84 
46 
164 
33 
155 
7 
3 



5,814 

1383 
61 

3 

2 

18 

28 

51 

18 

142 

1,055 

859 

3 

99 

94 

5 

3,450 

4 

5 

2,008 

13 

258 

25 

739 

14 

6 

5 

137 

11 

26 

3 

182 

14 

61 

39 

22 



413 

48 
65 

7 
25 
23 

6 

4 
297 

4 
12 
19 
225 
15 

7 
15 

3 

502 

11 

50 

40 

174 

37 

177 

8 

3 

2 



5330 

619 

1 

3 

2 
13 
33 

4 

31 

530 

430 

1 
72 
27 

2 

3,645 

1 

1 

1,679 

15 

157 

34 

1,449 

17 

2 

5 

77 

14 

1 

4 

180 

9 

15 

12 
3 



400 
40 
28 

4 
17 
5 
2 

331 

1 
2 
10 
311 
3 
2 
2 



646 

10 

48 

26 

239 

32 

285 

3 

3 



2,856 

1,441 

65 

2 

4 

15 

30 

52 

21 

183 

1,066 

898 

2 

82 

84 

3 

918 

2 
3 

347 
6 

149 
21 

114 
2 
6 
2 

123 
6 
39 
4 
85 
9 

38 

21 
17 



222 
28 
37 

5 
16 
12 

2 

2 
155 

1 

4 
18 
90 
18 

6 
18 

2 

234 
7 

30 
58 
53 
26 
45 
11 
3 
1 



518 

32 
2 
1 
9 
13 
17 
5 

33 

403 

316 

1 

25 

61 

3 



59 



TABLE 16. IMMIGRANT NEW ARRIVALS ADMITTED BY SELECTED PORT OF ENTRY 

AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 

FISCAL YEAR 1995 



Region and country 
of birth 


All 
ports 


Chicago 


Detroit 


El Paso 


Los 
Angeles 


Miami 


Newark 


New 
York 


San 
Francisco 


Other 




380,291 


. 17,954 


8,688 


42,907 


50367 


35,090 


7,946 


120,972 


30349 


66,018 




43,719 


7,679 


964 


20 


2,787 


962 


2,759 


17373 


1,532 


9,643 


Albania 


1,052 


154 


5 




6 


22 


40 


624 




201 


Austria 


221 


13 


13 




26 


19 


11 


74 


10 


55 


Belgium 


202 


33 


3 




12 


3 


7 


58 


10 


76 


Bulgaria 


1,084 


268 


15 


1 


44 


12 


11 


589 


21 


123 


Czechoslovakia 


582 


65 


16 




48 


6 


8 


301 


18 


120 


Denmark 


266 


28 


3 




37 


7 


31 


69 


16 


75 


Finland 


187 


19 


2 




10 


24 


8 


75 


9 


40 


France 


949 


76 


50 


1 


120 


33 


88 


222 


71 


288 


Germany 


3.169 


276 


261 


2 


175 


100 


175 


447 


143 


1.590 


Greece 


615 


33 


12 




35 


11 


9 


344 


9 


162 


Hungary 


374 


16 


12 




57 


15 


4 


163 


14 


93 


Ireland 


4,800 


128 


11 




147 


94 


73 


3,042 


327 


978 


Italy 


844 


51 


28 


2 


66 


44 


57 


382 


17 


197 


Latvia 


135 


13 


2 




4 


3 


6 


61 


1 


45 


Lithuania 


375 


111 


3 




17 


6 


21 


135 


6 


76 


Netherlands 


465 


27 


29 


1 


29 


23 


21 


96 


22 


217 


Norway 


196 


25 


4 




17 


8 


42 


16 


13 


71 


Poland 


8,999 


4,046 


91 




82 


45 


1,074 


3.236 


32 


393 


Portugal 


1,376 




2 


1 


15 


24 


423 


426 


13 


472 


Romania 


2,815 


723 


88 




281 


40 


15 


1,256 


84 


328 


Soviet Union, former ... 


6,613 


664 


61 


4 


882 


51 


140 


3,208 


273 


1.330 


Armenia 


532 


10 


9 




435 






34 


8 


36 


Azerbaijan 


128 


3 


1 




31 


2 


1 


57 


3 


30 


Belarus 


135 


14 


1 




9 


2 




89 


2 


18 


Moldova 


150 


19 


3 




14 




4 


75 


8 


27 


Russia 


3,215 


271 


25 


3 


176 


26 


44 


1,655 


158 


857 


Ukraine 


1,146 


194 


7 


1 


75 


13 


61 


633 


42 


120 


Uzbekistan 


179 


9 






22 


1 


4 


104 


5 


34 


Other republics 


298 


17 


4 




31 




5 


157 


15 


69 


Unknown republic 


830 


127 


11 




89 


7 


21 


404 


32 


139 


Spain 


509 


14 


5 


2 


23 


72 


72 


163 


13 


145 


Sweden 


439 


84 


6 




35 


34 


77 


61 


33 


109 


Switzerland 


379 


41 


6 




46 


20 


4 


91 


27 


144 


United Kingdom 


4,882 


310 


107 


1 


447 


211 


297 


1,209 


283 


2.017 


Yugoslavia 


2,012 


455 


125 


5 


114 


34 


41 


953 


61 


224 


Other Europe 


179 


6 


4 




12 


1 


4 


72 


6 


74 


Asia 


150,510 


8,727 


6,461 


36 


37,194 


872 


1,632 


42,927 


27397 


25,264 


Afghanistan 


629 


12 


1 




108 


1 


1 


371 


62 


73 


Bangladesh 


5,229 


108 


28 




342 


132 


34 


4.055 


33 


497 


Burma 


915 


19 


5 




291 


1 


31 


181 


337 


50 


Cambodia 


969 


10 


2 




689 


1 




125 


93 


49 


China, People's Rep. ... 


21,300 


816 


264 


17 


4,899 


64 


164 


6,033 


6.254 


2,789 




5,643 


133 


95 




1,377 


16 


35 


992 


2.251 


744 


India 


24,280 


2,796 


367 


2 


3,085 


175 


353 


11,171 


1.874 


4,457 


Indonesia 


517 


5 


14 




245 


4 


13 


53 


109 


74 


Iran 


4,866 


277 


112 


9 


1,619 


97 


150 


924 


452 


1,226 


Iraq 


1,438 


320 


536 




172 


15 


10 


241 


43 


101 


Israel 


843 


64 


12 


2 


120 


30 


34 


436 


37 


108 




1,935 


91 


112 




672 


6 


22 


162 


264 


606 


Jordan 


2.609 


642 


127 




261 


83 


44 


1,037 


99 


316 


Korea 


9.397 


538 


1.505 




2,495 


28 


12 


2,019 


1,079 


1,721 


Kuwait 


453 


76 


38 




71 


7 


14 


172 


10 


65 


Laos 


242 


3 


2 




141 




4 


16 


38 


38 


Lebanon 


2,268 


254 


249 


6 


330 


56 


65 


814 


63 


431 


Malaysia 


390 


11 


7 




152 


1 


2 


91 


73 


53 


Pakistan 


7,429 


488 


75 




452 


70 


86 


5,204 


283 


771 


Philippines 


35.291 


1,401 


2,312 




12,486 


19 


85 


2,042 


8,773 


8,173 




419 

137 


52 
5 


14 
5 




28 
43 


4 
1 


7 
2 


231 
17 


17 
34 


66 


Singapore 


30 




522 

1,294 


12 

178 


14 
95 




177 
240 


3 
14 


36 
39 


121 

472 


40 
42 


119 


Syria 


214 


Taiwan 


5,171 


110 


159 




2,447 


15 


251 


557 


1,122 


510 


Thailand 


1,225 


53 


65 




507 


2 


4 


89 


216 


289 


Turkey 


1.795 


56 


20 




144 


22 


63 


1,100 


53 


337 



See footnotes a( end of table. 

60 



TABLE 16. IMMIGRANT NEW ARRIVALS ADMITTED BY SELECTED PORT OF ENTRY 

AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 

FISCAL YEAR 1995— Continued 



Region and country 
of birth 


All 
ports 


Chicago 


Detroit 


El Paso 


Los 
Angeles 


Miami 


Newark 


New 
York 


San 
Francisco 


Other 


Vietnam 


11,009 


52 


46 




3,372 


1 


27 


2,898 


3,416 


1,197 


Yemen 


1,346 


88 


141 


- 


36 




20 


992 


46 


23 




949 
21,433 


57 
1,230 


39 
778 




193 
1,636 


4 
435 


24 
558 


311 
10,521 


184 
540 


137 




5,735 


Algeria 


356 


26 


3 




13 


19 


14 


218 


8 


55 


Camaroon 


234 


25 


2 




11 


3 


4 


86 


1 


102 




748 




2 








8 


578 


. 


160 


Egypt 


4,007 


147 


28 




415 


24 


30 


3,026 


29 


308 


Ethiopia 


4,015 


423 


60 




516 


42 


207 


581 


264 


1,922 


Ghana 


1,913 


65 


132 




44 


12 


39 


1.261 


13 


347 


Kenya 


714 


55 


14 




58 


20 


41 


212 


24 


290 


Liberia 


474 


16 


3 




3 


3 


46 


345 


1 


57 


Morocco 


937 


8 


8 




14 


9 


5 


834 


5 


54 


Nigeria 


3,958 


289 


419 




183 


42 


62 


1,539 


88 


1,336 


Senegal 


243 


3 


3 




4 




2 


226 


1 


4 




514 
325 


16 
9 


32 

4 




14 
6 


1 


3 

2 


263 

234 


17 

4 


168 


Somalia 


66 




1,021 

457 


42 
8 


15 
28 




170 
29 


204 
5 


17 
10 


277 
270 


31 
9 


265 


Sudan 


98 


Tanzania 


344 


28 


7 




47 


6 


21 


108 


5 


122 




1,173 
2,450 


70 
14 


18 
4 




109 
1,921 


45 
4 


47 
2 


463 
49 


40 
77 


381 




379 


Australia 


650 


12 


3 




412 


3 


2 


40 


63 


115 


Fiji 


1,210 








1,144 






1 


9 


56 




233 
262 


2 




. 


172 
169 


1 




6 


2 


50 


Tonga 


93 




95 
134,881 


277 


1 
461 


42,831 


24 
5,514 


22,090 


2,608 


2 
36,712 


3 
686 


65 




23,702 


Canada 


4,638 


117 


421 


4 


94 


50 


25 


386 


47 


3,494 


Mexico 


46,409 


67 


7 


42,788 


48 


26 


10 


40 


29 


3,394 




65,113 


22 


29 


23 


37 


17398 


2,563 


34303 


9 


10,829 




164 








2 


139 




6 




17 


Barbados 


394 










65 


1 


245 


- 


83 


Cuba 


4,998 


4 


3 


7 


15 


4,868 


28 


23 


- 


50 


Dominica 


429 










26 


12 


40 




351 


Dominican Republic . 


33,979 


2 


1 




3 


2,810 


2,286 


21,383 


4 


7,490 


Grenada 


356 




1 






40 




90 




225 


Haiti 


8,395 


2 




16 




4.294 


3 


3,875 




205 


Jamaica 


12,212 


13 


20 




14 


3,927 


228 


6,505 


3 


1,502 




241 
3,095 


1 


2 




3 


21 
1,139 


1 


56 
1,756 


1 


164 


Trinidad & Tobago ... 


192 


Other Caribbean 


850 




2 






69 


4 


224 


1 


550 




18,693 


70 


4 


14 


5333 


4,612 


9 


2,079 


601 


5,971 


Belize 


383 








65 


143 




9 


2 


164 




556 
7,351 
3,862 


1 

1 

43 


1 


1 

6 

7 


96 
3,017 
1,557 


247 
612 
721 


3 

1 
1 


63 
779 
329 


5 
345 
120 


139 




2,590 


Guatemala 


1,084 


Honduras 


3,762 


6 


1 




393 


1,307 


2 


849 


36 


1.168 


Nicaragua 


1,204 


2 






196 


660 


2 


18 


92 


234 


Panama 


1,575 


17 


2 




9 


922 




32 


1 


592 


Other North America 


28 


1 




2 


2 


4 


1 


4 




14 




27,298 
536 


27 
3 


20 

1 


20 


1315 

102 


10,727 
244 


387 

1 


13390 
158 


117 

2 


1,295 


Argentina 


24 


Bolivia 


640 








14 


596 




7 


1 


20 


Brazil 


1,475 


10 


2 




184 


502 


2 


560 


2 


212 


Chile 


682 


1 






64 


437 


2 


136 


3 


39 


Colombia 


6,516 


4 


2 




250 


2.898 


315 


2,722 


5 


313 


Ecuador 


4,816 


1 






197 


1,242 


10 


3,120 


7 


239 


Guyana 


6.383 




13 




8 


427 


5 


5,704 


2 


224 


Paraguay 


448 








14 


221 


2 


141 




69 


Peru 


4,575 


6 


1 




473 


3,438 


30 


476 


89 


57 


Uruguay 


154 








7 


77 




60 




8 


Venezuela 


958 


2 


1 




2 


602 


18 


242 


6 


84 


Other South America .. 


115 










43 


2 


64 




6 



Represents zero. 



61 



TABLE 17. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH AND 

STATE OF INTENDED RESDDENCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1995 



State of intended 
residence 


All 
countries 


Canada 


China, 
People's 
Republic 


Colombia 


Cuba 


Dominican 
Republic 


Ecuador 


El 
Salvador 


Germany 


Guatemala 


Total 


720,461 


12,932 


35,463 


10,838 


17,937 


38,512 


6397 


11,744 


6,237 


6,213 


Alabama 


1,900 


69 


107 


27 


4 


5 


10 


7 


78 


12 


Alaska 


1,049 


66 


42 


15 


2 


37 


1 


1 


34 


6 


Arizona 


7,700 


283 


270 


33 


13 


15 


12 


47 


111 


62 




934 


34 


35 


6 


5 


2 




20 


44 


7 


California 


166,482 


1,377 


10,256 


661 


428 


71 


385 


4,914 


1,035 


2,502 


Colorado 


7,713 


254 


276 


31 


1 


6 


12 


44 


125 


40 


Connecticut 


9,240 


232 


304 


372 


29 


249 


158 


42 


85 


87 




1,051 


23 


48 


8 


3 


13 


7 


9 


13 


9 


District of Columbia 


3,047 


13 


117 


16 


16 


98 


6 


435 


29 


52 


Florida 


62,023 


1,620 


639 


2,819 


15,112 


2,090 


495 


357 


654 


372 


Georgia 


12,381 


359 


362 


164 


61 


39 


18 


103 


208 


44 


Hawaii 


7,537 


167 


480 


7 




1 


1 


6 


57 


2 


Idaho 


1,612 


64 


46 


8 


3 


2 


2 


3 


28 


2 


Illinois 


33,898 


287 


986 


172 


96 


102 


285 


125 


158 


404 


Indiana 


3,590 


172 


221 


17 


3 


12 


11 


15 


74 


35 




2,260 


67 


52 


8 


1 




4 


16 


46 


22 


Kansas 


2,434 


70 


98 


12 


7 


3 


2 


29 


55 


22 


Kentucky 


1,857 


114 


84 


14 


1 


4 


3 


5 


71 


10 


Louisiana 


3,000 


134 


171 


37 


70 


32 


27 


27 


64 


54 




814 


142 


48 


3 


1 


6 


2 


3 


20 


6 


Maryland 


15,055 


151 


633 


156 


34 


179 


72 


686 


126 


166 


Massachusetts 


20,523 


395 


1,287 


273 


54 


1,970 


57 


179 


161 


169 


Michigan 


14,135 


784 


447 


34 


24 


44 


17 


7 


208 


59 


Minnesota 


8,111 


245 


212 


75 


13 


11 


18 


24 


63 


28 


Mississippi 


757 


29 


75 


8 


3 


8 


5 


2 


32 


2 


Missouri 


3,990 


107 


266 


31 


23 


5 


17 


9 


67 


25 


Montana 


409 


104 


20 


3 




1 






14 


- 


Nebraska 


1,831 


54 


52 


7 


3 


2 


3 


7 


30 


15 


Nevada 


4,306 


147 


148 


38 


220 


11 


11 


143 


48 


60 


New Hampshire 


1,186 


114 


58 


21 


1 


23 


13 


11 


27 


4 




39,729 


259 


1,134 


1,881 


805 


4,136 


1,221 


436 


171 


339 




2,758 
128,406 


36 
912 


55 
11,254 


6 

2,590 


92 
331 


10 
21,471 


6 
3,158 


5 
1,001 


30 
501 


26 


New York 


543 




5,617 

483 

8,585 


286 
115 
386 


235 

10 

525 


46 
54 


19 
8 


27 
44 


40 

7 


40 
11 


143 

8 

161 


33 






Ohio 


36 


Oklahoma 


2,792 


90 


104 


18 


2 


2 


4 


10 


51 


13 


Oregon 


4,923 


143 


371 


14 


1 


2 


7 


20 


72 


32 


Pennsylvania 


15,065 


349 


871 


225 


37 


304 


53 


30 


203 


41 




2,609 
2,165 


14 
147 


93 
108 


171 
34 


3 
2 


553 
6 


22 
8 


18 

7 


11 
88 


150 




16 


South Dakota 


495 


20 


12 


1 










5 




Tennessee 


3,392 


123 


135 


14 


3 


9 


5 


11 


59 


12 


Texas 


49,963 


987 


1,002 


373 


131 


101 


106 


1,656 


438 


352 


Utah 


2,831 


197 


105 


37 


1 


15 


11 


32 


30 


37 




535 
16,319 


92 
224 


30 
455 


1 

142 


36 


69 


2 
72 


1,120 


19 
181 


4 


Virginia 


187 




15,862 


706 


776 


34 


17 


15 


7 


40 


185 


63 


West Virginia 


540 


19 


29 


1 










21 


2 




4,919 

252 


113 

14 


176 

14 


16 
4 


9 


5 


1 


12 


65 

7 


31 


Wyoming 


1 


U.S. territories and 






















possessions 
























2.419 
171 


3 


66 
6 










1 




. 


Northern Mariana Is 


- 




7,160 
1,511 


5 
11 


55 

1 


98 

1 


209 


6.247 
453 


11 
1 


17 

1 


20 
3 


16 


Virgin Islands 


1 


Armed Services Posts ... 


122 


2 


1 


1 






1 








Other or unknown 


13 


2 



















See footnotes at end of table 



62 



TABLE 17. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH AND 

STATE OF INTENDED RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1995— Continued 



State of intended 
residence 



Guyana 



Hong 
Kong 



Nigeria 



Total 

Alabama 

Alaska 

Arizona 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut 

Delaware 

District of Columbia 
Florida 

Georgia 

Hawaii 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Kentucky 

Louisiana 

Maine 



Maryland 

Massachusetts ... 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi 

Missouri 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire 

New Jersey 

New Mexico 

New York 

North Carolina .. 
North Dakota .... 

Ohio 

Oklahoma 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania 

Rhode Island 

South Carolina .. 
South Dakota .... 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah 

Vermont 

Virginia 

Washington 

West Virginia .... 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming 



U.S. territories and 
possessions 

Guam 

Northern Mariana Is. . 

Puerto Rico 

Virgin Islands 

Armed Services Posts 

Other or unknown 



7362 
6 

2 

1 

116 

9 

108 

4 

34 

456 

67 

4 

16 

5 
2 
3 
8 

15 
1 

190 
77 
13 
96 



3 
3 

2 

696 

5,132 

17 
1 

28 

1 
66 

4 



14,021 

5 

1 

7 

1 

72 

28 

401 

69 

22 



58 
2 
11 
98 
12 

1 
1 

33 

2 

173 

1,287 

164 

29 

19 

119 

1 

14 

7 

1,306 
3 
3,508 
13 
12 
7 

15 
268 

40 



101 

82 

3 

1 

84 

39 

1 



7,249 

21 

5 

53 

1 

3,339 

35 

45 

II 

6 

191 

80 
184 

9 
170 
21 
17 

9 
14 
17 

6 

102 

261 

54 

40 

3 

32 

1 

2 

22 
10 

200 

5 

1,240 

30 

67 
7 
44 
91 
14 

28 

1 

26 

277 

11 

6 
97 
264 

9 
33 

1 



34,748 

237 

9 

218 

41 

6,646 

177 

488 

84 

38 

1,141 

887 

36 

29 

3,051 

292 

140 

148 

155 

197 

27 

1,029 

873 

1,247 

266 

85 
248 

16 

47 
115 

61 

3,958 

85 

4,859 

423 

28 

806 

268 

188 

1,350 

22 

194 
13 

310 

2,400 

74 

19 

931 

437 

83 

242 

5 



9,201 

49 
2 



19 

4,547 

101 

74 

9 

32 

300 

218 

8 

7 

162 

57 

21 

57 

46 

44 

14 

372 
155 
101 
80 
10 
51 
1 

6 
39 
12 

180 
22 

437 
69 
1 
99 
72 
93 

117 
II 

16 

2 

58 

609 

46 

5 

447 

161 

21 

51 

1 



16398 

14 

5 

9 

5 

209 

17 

930 

51 

97 

4,261 

213 

4 

1 

256 

21 

2 

4 

10 

13 

11 

487 
437 
113 

27 
7 
25 

1 
12 
9 

1,294 

4 

6,884 

51 



6 

8 

437 

8 

18 

2 

13 

146 

3 

2 

115 

10 

II 

28 



16,047 

101 

95 

127 

14 

4,789 

203 

111 

116 

5 

311 

423 

408 

11 

618 

116 

109 

43 

55 

53 

5 

788 
221 
266 
175 
II 
75 
32 
57 
75 
56 

1,043 

33 

1,757 

250 

6 

181 

57 

166 

546 

18 

49 

23 

72 

602 

64 

11 

806 

633 

24 

78 

5 



147 
I 

I 



89,932 

134 

56 

3,640 

167 

34,416 

2,677 

97 

91 

24 

1,922 

1,621 

45 

841 

6,500 

471 

337 

547 

80 

91 

20 

133 

89 
507 
348 

26 
270 

11 

495 

1,127 

27 

375 

1,655 

848 

407 

12 

212 

660 

1,166 

735 

24 

122 

12 

88 

22,792 

565 

6 

318 

2,489 

7 

503 

85 



6,818 

64 
8 
23 
15 
639 
41 
55 
21 
168 
158 

360 

1 

2 

344 

40 

15 

27 

21 

57 

2 

688 
195 
172 
137 
28 
53 
I 

6 
19 
8 

535 

6 

1,230 

131 

9 

95 

30 

16 

152 

58 

16 

42 

906 

10 

125 

40 

12 

30 

2 



See footnotes at end of table 



63 



TABLE 17. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH AND 

STATE OF INTENDED RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1995— Continued 



Slate of intended 
residence 



Philippines 



Soviet 
Union 



United 
Kingdom 



Yugoslavia 



Total 

Alabama 

Alaska 

Arizona 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut 

Delaware 

District of Columbia . 
Florida 

Georgia 

Hawaii 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Kentucky 

Louisiana 

Maine 

Maryland 

Massachusetts 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi 

Missouri 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire 

New Jersey 

New Mexico 

New York 

North Carolina 

North Dakota 

Ohio 

Oklahoma 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania 

Rhode Island 

South Carolina 

South Dakota 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah 

Vermont 

Virginia 

Washington 

West Virginia 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming 

U.S. territories and 
possessions 

Guam 

Northern Mariana Is. 

Puerto Rico 

Virgin Islands 

Armed Services Posts 

Other or unknown 

- Represents zero. 



8,066 

26 

16 

37 

4 

1,238 

76 

310 

7 

49 

1,607 

91 
10 
11 
152 
18 
6 
6 
12 
16 



230 
113 
13 
39 
11 
18 

3 
11 
36 

7 

1,534 
8 

1,275 
37 
1 
35 
34 
29 
77 
11 

9 
2 

12 
206 

59 

443 

53 

7 

15 

1 



50,984 

85 
268 
294 

83 

22,584 

151 

208 

48 

83 
1,806 

342 

4.308 

53 

2,690 

206 

65 

98 

90 

134 

31 

823 
229 
499 
169 

49 
167 

40 

49 
687 

44 

2,626 

62 

3,216 

262 

15 

300 

105 

224 

362 

50 

169 

13 

119 

1,997 

59 

14 

1,219 

1,381 

50 

144 

12 



1.985 

141 

5 

3 



13,824 

13 

18 
59 
4 

425 
86 

792 
14 
13 

373 

81 
6 
1 

4,982 
67 
21 
4 
2 
12 
18 

76 

400 

432 

27 

4 

31 

6 

13 

18 

13 

1,651 

11 

3,065 

35 

8 

147 

6 

16 

352 

50 

26 

3 

25 

184 

13 

6 
40 
81 

8 
83 

1 



54,494 

66 

77 

215 

17 

10,045 

782 

675 

42 

99 

1,021 

678 

16 

69 

3.384 

203 
94 

165 

197 
43 
62 

1,576 

2,253 

881 

800 

15 
406 

18 
119 

83 

66 

1,631 

68 

19,227 

241 

28 

1,481 

42 

313 

2,585 

158 

64 

73 
147 
824 
174 

35 

575 

2,186 

17 
437 

13 



9,377 

36 

5 

79 

13 

4,650 

65 

65 

10 

9 

211 

177 
87 
6 

213 
44 
33 
41 
11 
43 
4 

209 

163 

120 

56 

7 

32 

1 

12 

39 

22 

463 
32 

703 

91 

1 

142 
14 
48 

143 
10 



49 

592 

46 

4 

189 

243 

16 

51 

1 



12,427 

69 

28 

149 

52 

2.278 

238 

273 

41 

66 

1,514 

392 
66 
31 
339 
121 
42 
59 
90 
72 
40 

245 
529 
371 
166 
36 
78 
24 
28 
85 
67 

514 

57 

1,164 

223 

20 
265 

59 
136 
424 

43 

147 

7 

107 

717 

87 

32 

401 

254 

20 

118 

9 



41,752 

80 

28 

396 

123 

16,755 

600 

242 

11 

217 

1,194 

1,658 

332 
90 
583 
198 
430 
420 
185 
386 
60 

722 

1,247 

541 

853 

32 

449 

2 

454 

98 

129 

435 

92 

963 

623 

15 

350 

514 

695 

1,028 

30 

162 

9 

354 

4,251 

255 

17 

1,236 

2,101 

5 

81 

1 



8307 

6 

22 

134 

12 

770 

84 

188 

1 

8 

324 

212 

12 

28 

1,157 

124 

187 

8 

50 

31 

16 



215 
528 

107 

10 

368 

7 
43 
21 

445 

7 

1,553 

88 

57 

197 

15 

53 

194 

4 

12 

22 
113 
309 
67 
84 
78 
125 
9 
113 
1 



64 



TABLE 18. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY STATE OF INTENDED RESIDENCE 
FISCAL YEARS 1987-95 



State of intended 
residence 


1987 


1988 


1989 


1990 


1991 


1992 


1993 


1994 


1995 


Total 


601,516 


643,025 


1,090,924 


1,536,483 


1,827,167 


973,977 


904,292 


804,416 


720,461 


Alabama 


1,597 


1,402 


1,792 


1,775 


2,706 


2,109 


2,298 


1,837 


1,900 


Alaska 


992 


989 


1,013 


1,207 


1,525 


1,165 


1,286 


1,129 


1,049 


Arizona 


7,189 


6,697 


11,238 


23,737 


40,642 


15,792 


9,778 


9,141 


7,700 


Arkansas 


861 


808 


1,074 


1,245 


2,559 


1,039 


1,312 


1,031 


934 


California 


161,164 


188,696 


457,417 


682.979 


732,735 


336,663 


260,090 


208,498 


166.482 


Colorado 


4,562 


4,541 


7,101 


9.125 


13,782 


6,553 


6,650 


6,825 


7,713 


Connecticut 


8,058 


7,161 


8,430 


10.678 


12,365 


10,345 


10,966 


9,537 


9.240 


Delaware 


621 


685 


708 


868 


1,937 


1,034 


1,132 


984 


1,051 


District of Columbia 


2,572 


2,517 


4,759 


5,467 


5,510 


4,275 


3,608 


3,204 


3,047 


Florida 


54,654 


65,418 


48.474 


71,603 


141,068 


61,127 


61,423 


58,093 


62,023 


Georgia 


6,118 


5,677 


8.093 


10,431 


23,556 


11,243 


10,213 


10,032 


12,381 


Hawaii 


6,796 


6,637 


7.292 


8,441 


8,659 


8,199 


8,528 


7,746 


7.537 


Idaho 


682 


790 


1,875 


1,815 


7,088 


1,186 


1,270 


1,559 


1.612 


Illinois 


25,995 


27,726 


69,263 


83,858 


73.388 


43,532 


46,744 


42,400 


33,898 


Indiana 


2,279 


2,322 


2,580 


3,392 


4,512 


3,115 


4,539 


3,725 


3,590 


Iowa 


1,579 


1,697 


1,760 


2,252 


3,331 


2.228 


2,626 


2,163 


2,260 




1,804 


2,130 


3.842 


3,925 


5,620 


2,924 


3,225 


2,902 


2,434 


Kentucky 


1,381 


1,218 


1,396 


1,365 


1,753 


2,119 


2,182 


2,036 


1,857 


Louisiana 


3,824 


3,444 


3,925 


4,024 


4,917 


4,230 


3,725 


3,366 


3,000 


Maine 


855 


701 


795 


883 


1,155 


847 


838 


829 


814 


Maryland 


11,846 


11,502 


14,258 


17,106 


17,470 


15,408 


16,899 


15,937 


15,055 


Massachusetts 


16,630 


18,594 


20,990 


25.338 


27,020 


22,231 


25,011 


22.882 


20,523 


Michigan 


8,929 


9.073 


9,552 


10,990 


16,090 


14,268 


14,913 


12.728 


14,135 




5,621 


4,665 


5,704 


6,627 


7,461 


6,851 


7,438 


7.098 


8.111 


Mississippi 


862 


760 


845 


931 


1,254 


842 


906 


815 


757 


Missouri 


2,715 


3,082 


3,320 


3,820 


4,470 


4,250 


4,644 


4,362 


3,990 


Montana 


341 


415 


376 


484 


826 


493 


509 


447 


409 


Nebraska 


760 


837 


1,120 


1,573 


3,020 


1,486 


1,980 


1,595 


1,831 


Nevada 


2,562 


2,726 


5,242 


8,270 


10,470 


5,086 


4,045 


4,051 


4,306 


New Hampshire 


1,070 


1,004 


1,140 


1,191 


1,421 


1,250 


1,263 


1,144 


1,186 


New Jersey 


30,849 


32.724 


42,187 


52,670 


56,164 


48.314 


50,285 


44,083 


39,729 




2,302 

114,194 

3,181 

305 

5,930 


2.661 

109,259 

3,777 

324 

6,305 


7,210 

134,766 

4,634 

323 

7,185 


8,840 

189,589 

5,387 

448 

7,419 


13,519 

188,104 

16,772 

565 

8,632 


3,907 

149,399 

6,425 

513 

10,194 


3,409 

151,209 

6.892 

601 

10,703 


2,936 

144,354 

6.204 

635 

9,184 


2,758 




128,406 




5,617 


North Dakota 


483 


Ohio 


8,585 


Oklahoma 


2,131 


2,050 


4,366 


5,274 


6,403 


3,147 


2,942 


2,728 


2,792 


Oregon 


3,687 


3,722 


4,773 


7,880 


24,575 


6,275 


7,250 


6,784 


4,923 


Pennsylvania 


10.599 


11,837 


12,895 


14,757 


20,033 


16,213 


16,964 


15,971 


15,065 




2,425 

1,480 

304 
2,276 


2,390 

1,360 

254 

2,439 


3,134 

1,787 

265 

2,763 


3,683 

2,130 

287 

2,893 


3,644 

3,836 

519 

3,828 


2,920 

2,118 

522 

2,995 


3,168 

2,195 

543 
4,287 


2,907 

2,110 

570 

3,608 


2,609 




2,165 


South Dakota 


495 


Tennessee 


3,392 


Texas 


42,349 


43.271 


112,927 


174,132 


212.600 


75,533 


67,380 


56.158 


49,963 


Utah 


1,995 


2.113 


2,926 


3,335 


5,737 


2,744 


3,266 


2,951 


2.831 


Vermont 


517 


400 


436 


614 


709 


668 


709 


658 


535 


Virginia 


11,235 


11,908 


15,690 


19.005 


24,942 


17,739 


16,451 


15,342 


16,319 


Washington 


9,684 


9,890 


13,630 


15.129 


33,826 


15,861 


17,147 


18,180 


15,862 


West Virginia 


530 


482 


500 


552 


763 


723 


689 


663 


540 




2,912 
261 


3,288 
230 


4,210 
461 


5,293 

542 


5,888 
566 


4.261 
281 


5.168 
263 


5,328 
217 


4,919 




252 


U.S. territories and 




possessions 






















1,805 
X 


1,909 
X 


1,775 
140 


1,851 
105 


2,113 
114 


2,464 
67 


3,072 
158 


2,531 

120 


2,419 


Northern Mariana Islands 


171 




4,177 
1,466 


4,866 
1,652 


4,691 
1,767 


7.138 
1.733 


10,353 
2,083 


6,347 
1,754 


7,614 
1,610 


10,463 
1,426 


7.160 


Virgin Islands 


1,511 




3 




109 


397 


2,569 


703 


276 


209 


135 







- Represents zero. X Not applicable. 



65 



TABLE 19. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH AND SELECTED 

METROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREA OF INTENDED RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1995 



Metropolitan statistical area ' 



All 
countries 



Bangla- 
desh 



China, 
People's 
Republic 



Colom- 
bia 



Domi- 
nican 
Republic 



Equador 



El 

Salvador 



Total 

New York, NY 

Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA 

Chicago, IL 

Miami, FL 

Washington, DC-MD-VA 

Orange County, CA 

Boston-Lawrence-Lowell-Brockton, MA 

San Francisco, CA 

Houston, TX 

San Jose, CA 

San Diego, CA 

Oakland, CA 

Philadelphia, PA-NJ 

Newark, NJ 

Detroit, MI 

Dallas, TX 

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA 

Atlanta. GA 

Bergen-Passaic, NJ 

Fort Lauderdale, FL 

Nassau-Suffolk, NY 

Riverside-San Bernardino, CA 

Jersey City, NJ 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI 

Honolulu, HI 

Middlesex-Somerset-Hunterdon, NJ 

El Paso.TX 

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton, FL 

Denver, CO 

Sacramento, CA 

San Juan, PR 

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL 

Baltimore, MD 

Fresno, CA 

Phoenix-Mesa, AZ 

Portland-Vancouver, OR-WA 

Fort Worth-Arlington, TX 

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk-Danbury, CT 

Cleveland-Lorain-Elyria, OH 

Hartford, CT 

Las Vegas, NV 

Ventura, CA 

San Antonio, TX 

Providence-Warwick-Pawtucket, RI 

St. Louis, MO-IL 

Salinas, CA 

Stockton-Lodi, CA 

Austin-San Marcos. TX 

Monmouth-Ocean, NJ 

Salt Lake City-Ogden, UT 

Other MSA 

Non-MSA 

Unknown 

See footnotes at end of table. 



720,461 

111.687 
54.669 
31.730 
30,935 
25,717 
18,187 
16,750 
15,773 
14,379 
12,855 

12,077 
12,011 
11,440 
11,162 
9,899 
9,843 
9,652 
9,494 
9,385 
8,373 

8,039 
7,568 
7,032 
7,027 
6,063 
5,596 
4,996 
4,942 
4,823 
4,641 

4,414 
4,379 
4,352 
3,974 
3,971 
3,885 
3,771 
3,712 
3,218 
3,183 

3,144 
2,670 
2,669 
2,526 
2,488 
2,348 
2,311 
2,269 
1.910 
1,903 

116,837 

43,631 

151 



6,072 

3,210 

260 

59 

40 

326 

39 

102 

6 

92 

31 

11 

24 
106 

56 
132 
114 

18 
111 
161 

54 

115 

28 

25 
6 
4 

20 
1 

73 
2 
1 

5 
31 

16 
6 
66 
49 
14 
36 

3 
3 
5 
2 
10 



4 
443 
120 

1 



12,932 

345 
373 
229 
148 
187 
180 
295 
138 
181 
96 

103 
98 
181 
55 
494 
178 
320 
290 
52 
324 

69 
98 
12 
161 
116 
55 
6 
183 
166 
57 

3 
290 

62 

15 
187 
119 

67 
129 
106 

48 

110 
43 
80 
9 
51 
14 
10 
43 
27 
87 

4,367 

1.870 



35,463 

10,281 

3,365 

853 

201 

820 

372 

1,138 

2,869 

468 

957 

237 
1,395 
653 
254 
230 
265 
632 
271 
199 
94 

481 
149 
168 
184 
458 
209 
6 
50 
156 
277 

22 
70 

207 
48 

177 

282 
62 
82 

156 
87 

91 

42 
32 
88 
142 
18 
88 
65 
89 
76 

4,551 

1,293 

3 



10,838 

2,168 
297 
156 

1,726 

254 
99 

229 
48 

230 
35 

18 

32 

134 

625 

12 

42 

21 

136 

610 

501 

317 
49 

366 

52 

5 

126 
3 

186 
19 
10 

40 
94 
19 
6 
23 
13 
19 
223 
24 
79 

27 
22 
23 
171 
20 
II 
1 
16 
51 
22 

1,098 

329 

1 



17,937 

231 
269 
89 
13,670 
62 
38 
52 
48 
47 
10 

13 
15 

35 
182 
10 
27 
12 
46 
54 
340 



485 
II 

52 

1 

239 

1 

7 

105 

442 
13 
3 
8 
1 
I 
10 



218 
1 
8 
3 
9 

2 

30 

5 

1 

720 
273 



38,512 

20,606 

19 

98 

1,352 

298 

6 

1,877 

8 

65 

6 



261 

570 

9 



29 

1,547 

280 

706 

9 

1,073 

11 

1 

623 

4 



4,028 
90 
29 

12 

3 

126 
19 
60 

10 
3 
4 
552 
3 



1 

24 

8 

1.266 

2,689 

2 



6^97 

2,904 

278 

279 

294 

134 

27 

45 

17 

49 

3 

3 

8 

32 

416 

4 
23 

5 

16 

175 

84 

200 

19 

493 

15 

1 
69 

8 
27 

5 

3 

1 
15 



10 

98 

1 

14 

10 
6 

1 

22 

7 

1 

3 
2 
17 
7 

424 

104 

1 



66 



TABLE 19. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH AND SELECTED 

METROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREA OF INTENDED RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1995— Continued 



Metropolitan statistical area ' 



Guyana 



Hong 
Kong 



Total 

New York, NY 

Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA 

Chicago, IL 

Miami, FL 

Washington, DC-MD-VA 

Orange County, CA 

Boston-Lawrence-Lowell-Brockton, MA 

San Francisco, CA 

Houston, TX 

San Jose, CA 

San Diego, CA 

Oakland, CA 

Philadelphia, PA-NJ 

Newark, NJ 

Detroit, MI 

Dallas, TX 

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA 

Atlanta, GA 

Bergen-Passaic, NJ 

Fort Lauderdale, FL 

Nassau-Suffolk, NY 

Riverside-San Bernardino, CA 

Jersey City, NJ 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI 

Honolulu, HI 

Middlesex-Somerset-Hunterdon, NJ 

El Paso, TX 

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton, FL 

Denver, CO 

Sacramento, CA 

San Juan, PR 

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL 

Baltimore, MD 

Fresno, CA 

Phoenix-Mesa, AZ 

Portland-Vancouver, OR-WA 

Fort Worth-Arlington, TX 

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk-Danbury, CT 

Cleveland-Lorain-Elyria, OH 

Hartford, CT 

Las Vegas, NV 

Ventura, CA 

San Antonio, TX 

Providence-Warwick-Pawtucket, RI 

St. Louis, MO-IL 

Salinas, CA 

Stockton-Lodi, CA 

Austin-San Marcos, TX 

Monmouth-Ocean, NJ 

Salt Lake City-Ogden, UT 

Other MSA 

Non-MSA 

Unknown 

See footnotes at end of table. 



6,213 

381 
1,735 
399 
212 
360 
151 
152 
182 
143 
51 

50 
70 
23 
134 
13 
85 
35 
34 
37 
30 

124 

119 

46 

18 

1 

30 

3 

32 
20 
15 

2 

23 
16 
12 
56 
18 
29 
60 
18 
16 

37 

21 

32 

150 

18 

2 

3 

17 

20 

28 

715 

235 



7,362 

4,912 

53 

10 

81 

220 

2 
59 

7 
37 

3 



12 
57 

400 
10 
18 
3 

53 
72 

142 



159 
93 

4 
43 

27 
1 
3 

44 

27 

11 

1 

1 

2 

9 

18 

85 

2 
2 

4 



10 
1 

394 

94 

1 



14,021 

3,040 

16 

91 

2,329 

167 

1,238 

9 

42 

1 

30 

8 

239 

920 

31 

1 

31 

55 

31 

1,274 

359 

5 

112 

28 

1 

17 

1 

1,111 

28 



2 
131 
25 

1 

4 
13 

6 
306 

3 
55 



11 

91 

2 

1,811 

219 

1 



7,249 

1,113 
972 
166 
64 
150 
121 
236 
946 
145 
283 

83 
523 
90 
45 
33 
64 
238 
72 
32 
32 

74 
65 
13 
36 

177 
51 
4 

20 
23 

156 

2 
24 
34 
17 
43 
34 
20 
21 
25 

9 

13 
14 

7 
14 
18 

5 
14 
26 
16 

7 

649 

210 



34,748 

3,638 

1,363 

2,823 

143 

1,383 

549 

712 

364 

984 

1,115 

148 
1,120 
1,092 
810 
907 
673 
341 
634 
636 
156 

627 
342 
564 
228 

33 
1,243 

17 
134 

95 
267 

2 
188 
335 
268 
160 
133 
159 
181 
260 
144 

51 
104 

68 

21 
170 

24 
145 
157 
193 

65 

7,187 
1,592 



9,201 

279 
2,401 
146 
55 
701 
605 
121 
172 
204 
360 

236 
264 
79 
56 
52 
185 
142 
191 
49 
42 

96 
89 

2 
77 

7 
21 
10 
33 
75 
96 

47 
85 
24 
55 
79 
53 
26 
31 
33 

31 
65 
40 
10 
26 
4 
8 
51 
25 
44 

1,387 

231 



16398 

6,087 

123 

249 

1,352 

508 

6 

358 

14 

76 

4 

4 

20 

405 

543 

95 

28 

6 

178 

340 

1,538 

455 

14 

40 

27 

3 

116 

4 

524 

10 



152 

128 

1 

3 

8 

11 

297 

42 

539 

11 
7 
6 
7 
3 



78 
2 

1,652 

316 



16,047 

1,420 
2,914 

547 
30 
962 
714 
143 
153 
144 
248 

81 
164 
382 
142 
138 
188 
375 
310 
550 

43 

142 
156 

64 
143 
385 
101 

25 

18 
120 

71 



67 
329 
26 

75 
141 
67 

44 
47 
33 

58 
53 
34 
15 
53 
33 
29 
24 
67 
46 



1,231 
6 



89,932 

640 
8,139 
6,085 

214 

316 

3,241 

67 

731 
3,678 
1,006 

2,446 

975 

489 

52 

194 

3,107 

296 

684 

79 

64 

105 

2,896 

44 

195 

20 

57 

4,664 

183 

1.488 

362 

10 

264 

16 

1,992 

1,101 

426 

1,121 

35 

40 

19 

745 

1,246 

1,579 

23 

69 

1,627 

603 

651 

31 

309 

22,147 

13,357 

4 



67 



TABLE 19. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH AND SELECTED 

METROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREA OF INTENDED RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1995— Continued 



Metropolitan statistical area ' 



Philip- 
pines 



Soviet 
Union 



United 
Kingdom 



Total 

New York, NY 

Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA 

Chicago, IL 

Miami, FL 

Washington, DC-MD-VA 

Orange County, CA 

Boston-Lawrence-Lowell-Brockton, MA 

San Francisco, CA 

Houston, TX 

San Jose, CA 



San Diego, CA 

Oakland, CA 

Philadelphia, PA-NJ 

Newark, NJ 

Detroit, MI 

Dallas, TX 

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA . 

Atlanta, GA 

Bergen-Passaic, NJ 

Fort Lauderdale, FL 



Nassau-Suffolk, NY 

Riverside-San Bernardino, CA 

Jersey City, NJ 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI 

Honolulu, HI 

Middlesex-Somerset-Hunterdon, NJ . 

El Paso, TX 

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton, FL ... 

Denver, CO 

Sacramento, CA 



San Juan, PR 

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL 

Baltimore, MD 

Fresno, CA 

Phoenix-Mesa, AZ 

Portland-Vancouver, OR-WA 

Fort Worth-Arlington, TX 

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk-Danbury, CT 

Cleveland-Lorain-Elyria, OH 

Hartford, CT 



Las Vegas, NV 

Ventura, CA 

San Antonio, TX 

Providence- Warwick-Pawtucket, RI . 

St. Louis, MO-JL 

Salinas, CA 

Stockton-Lodi, CA 

Austin-San Marcos, TX 

Monmouth-Ocean, NJ 

Salt Lake City-Ogden, UT 

Other MSA 

Non-MSA 

Unknown 



9,774 

2,227 
369 
669 
120 
799 
132 
119 
60 
361 
117 

21 
174 
181 
157 
183 
178 

66 
178 

72 

79 

265 
99 

171 

46 

9 

166 
3 
36 
29 
76 

1 
23 

130 
19 
42 
10 

106 
54 
31 
66 

20 
10 
21 

5 
48 

5 

83 
41 
33 
41 

1,519 

304 



8,066 

1,046 

487 
140 
1,043 
670 
132 

91 
144 
100 

83 

32 

147 

51 

423 

8 

40 

41 

80 

577 

263 

190 
66 

289 
35 
7 

155 
3 
64 
58 
28 

11 
77 
35 
3 
25 
16 
16 

107 
16 

139 

30 
23 

8 
11 
13 
18 

4 
11 
22 
39 



223 
2 



50,984 

2,816 
6,924 
2,519 

480 
1,211 
1,158 

176 
2,595 

693 
1,941 

2,964 
2,333 
418 
635 
363 
271 
907 
148 
507 
123 

222 

923 

614 

112 

3,264 

362 

38 

123 

93 

483 

2 

205 

234 

142 

183 

198 

97 

94 

93 

47 

518 

415 

91 

46 

86 

279 

446 

59 

218 

48 

6,816 

5,180 

71 



13,824 

2,539 
165 

4,942 
35 
69 
56 
169 
32 
36 
33 

41 

40 

278 

398 

374 

45 

62 

75 

642 

67 

309 
16 

181 

25 

5 

187 
4 
45 
41 
13 

69 

45 

47 
11 
39 
212 
109 
415 

16 
12 
6 

50 
23 

1 

7 
44 
10 

1,477 

307 



54,494 

17,615 

4,592 

3,276 

252 

968 

252 

1,693 

2,347 

182 

594 

460 
383 

2,002 
484 
639 
316 

1,370 
640 
390 
140 

244 
83 
85 

744 
12 

267 
12 
94 

670 

899 



118 
1,008 
77 
101 
532 
147 
123 
914 
368 

75 
15 
46 
158 
324 
17 
12 
48 
160 
137 

7,297 

1,106 

6 



9,377 

536 
2,312 
183 
40 
298 
574 
138 
302 
269 
618 

92 
329 

89 
143 

56 
164 
190 
146 

67 

27 

95 

161 

27 

53 

78 

112 

3 

17 

42 

40 



9 
50 
16 
51 
31 
45 
14 
39 
33 

30 
48 
20 
9 
17 
7 
9 
35 
44 
36 

1,237 

396 



12,427 

799 
693 
276 
152 
398 
258 
442 
286 
253 
204 

157 
163 
290 
123 
226 
179 
157 
276 
102 
190 

119 
104 
40 
136 
49 
97 
16 
206 
121 
57 

4 
195 
87 
19 
107 
90 
60 
113 
65 
64 

66 
63 

45 
28 
41 
12 
13 
44 
34 
60 

3,622 

1,024 

2 



41,752 

313 
2,573 

487 

16 

1.888 

6,581 

990 

525 
1,836 
2,998 

1,460 

978 

748 

62 

113 

968 

1,432 

1,460 

7 

78 

65 
553 

47 
740 
319 

42 
7 

67 
504 
465 

1 

421 

108 

48 

333 

730 

680 

68 

69 

126 

76 

84 
134 

25 
269 

15 
179 
310 

28 
242 

8,371 

1,113 



Ranked by the number of immigrants. See Glossary for definition of metropolitan statistical area. - Represents zero. 



68 



TABLE 20. IMMIGRANT BENEFICIARIES OF OCCUPATIONAL PREFERENCES ADMITTED 

BY TYPE OF ADMISSION AND OCCUPATION 

FISCAL YEAR 1995 



Occupation 



Employment-based principals 



1st pref. 



2nd pref. 



3rd pref. 
(skilled 
worker or 
profes- 
sional) 



3rd pref. 

(other 

workers) 



4th pref. 



5th pref. 



All other 
immi- 
grants 



All occupations 

Professional specialty and technical occupations 

Architects 

Engineers, surveyors, and mapping scientists .. 

Mathematical and computer scientists 

Natural scientists 

Health diagnosticians 

Doctors 

Others 

Health assessment and treating personnel ... 

Nurses 

Others 

Teachers (postsecondary) 

Teachers (except postsecondary) 

Counselors (educational and vocational) 

Librarians, archivists, and curators 

Social scientists and urban planners 

Social, recreation, and religious workers 

Lawyers and judges 

Writers, artists, entertainers, and athletes 

Technologists and technicians (health) 

Technologists and technicians (except 

health) 

Executive, administrative, and managerial 

occupations 

Sales occupations 

Administrative support occupations (including 

clerical) 

Precision production, craft, and repair occupations 

Operator, fabricator, and laborer occupations 

Farming, forestry, and fishing occupations 

Service occupations 

No occupation 

Homemaker 

Unemployed or retired 

Students and/or children under age 16 

Unknown or not reported 

- Represents zero. 



720,461 

59,015 

480 
9,104 
2,128 
2,396 
5,007 
4,199 

808 
11,705 
8,138 
3,567 
3,730 
7,326 

189 

154 

583 
2,814 

853 
5,097 

742 

6,707 



37,444 

17,906 

72 

2,619 

1,231 

1,230 

917 

743 

174 

5,891 

4,456 

1,435 

1,166 

501 

40 

15 

63 

1,839 

29 

895 

157 

1,241 



24,850 


7,330 


11,609 


327 


18,322 


741 


18,395 


1,656 


51,532 


1,354 


12,517 


138 


46,637 


6,147 


434,803 


1,128 


96,293 


68 


96,250 


402 


242,260 


658 



6,733 

2^07 
8 

182 

178 

645 

206 

164 

42 

45 

4 

41 

467 

90 

3 

3 

17 

2 

6 

455 



4,426 



4,952 

4,064 

21 

1,282 

375 

493 

584 

519 

65 

161 

49 

112 

569 

116 

16 

7 

28 
16 
14 
70 
27 

285 



765 
14 



42,781 



19,020 

9,520 

42 

1,136 

678 

90 

116 

53 

63 

5,657 

4,391 

1,266 

111 

241 

16 

5 

18 

40 

7 

332 

122 

909 

1,911 
267 

559 

1,207 

586 

95 

3,700 

519 

51 

188 

280 

656 



3,636 
115 



54 
40 

89 

243 

731 

37 

2,327 



2,929 

1,889 

1 
9 

1 
5 

4 
1 
7 
1 
6 
9 
31 
5 



1,775 

1 

23 

3 

19 

40 
3 

38 
186 

35 
4 

89 
597 

12 
208 
377 



134 
3 



683,017 

41,109 

408 

6,485 

897 

1,166 

4,090 

3,456 

634 

5^14 

3,682 

2.132 

2,564 

6,825 

149 

139 

520 

975 

824 

4,202 

585 

5,466 

17,520 
11,282 

17,581 
16,739 
50,178 
12,379 
40,490 

433,675 
96,225 
95,848 

241,602 

42,064 



69 



TABLE 21. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY MAJOR OCCUPATION GROUP AND REGION 

AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 

FISCAL YEAR 1995 



Region and country 
of birth 



Occupation 



Profes- 
sional 
specialty 
and tech- 
nical 



Executive, 
admini- 
strative, 

and man- 
agerial 



Admini- 
strative 
support 



Precision 
produc- 
tion, craft, 
and repair 



Operator, 

fabricator, 

and 

laborer 



Farming, 
forestry, 

and 
fishing 



All countries 



Europe 

Albania 

Bulgaria 

Czechoslovakia 

France 

Germany 

Greece 

Hungary 

Ireland 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Soviet Union, former 

Armenia 

Azerbaijan 

Belarus 

Moldova 

Russia 

Ukraine 

Uzbekistan 

Other republics 

Unknown republic . 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 



Asia 

Afghanistan 

Bangladesh 

Burma 

Cambodia 

China, People's Rep. 

Hong Kong 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Iraq 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Kuwait 

Laos 

Lebanon 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Singapore 

Sri Lanka 

Syria 

Taiwan 

Thailand 



720,461 

128,185 

1,420 
1,797 
1,174 
2,505 
6,237 
1,309 
900 
5,315 
2,231 
1,196 

13,824 
2,615 
4,871 

54,494 
1,992 
1,885 
3,791 
1,856 

14,560 

17,432 
3,645 
2,549 
6,784 
1,321 
976 
881 

12,427 
8,307 
4,385 

267,931 

1,424 
6,072 
1,233 
1,492 

35,463 
7,249 

34,748 
1,020 
9,201 
5,596 
2,523 
4.837 
3,649 

16,047 
961 
3,936 
3,884 
1,223 
9.774 

50,984 

399 

960 

2,362 

9,377 

5,136 



242,877 

46,644 

620 

814 

481 

1,106 

2,906 

517 

388 

3,744 

979 

620 

7,203 

1,062 

2,162 

11,522 

438 

450 

725 

333 

3,631 

3,469 

510 

536 

1,430 

551 

420 

422 

5,982 

3,381 

1,764 

90,452 

333 

1,478 

548 

509 

15,360 

3,011 

11,327 

342 

2,788 

1,629 

951 

1,342 

1,145 

3,876 

238 

515 

1,385 

579 

2,645 

18,257 

166 

466 

719 

3,630 



59,015 

15,678 

220 
421 
203 
409 
896 
188 
166 

1,134 
272 
260 

2,413 

74 

941 

4,002 
181 
88 
190 
88 

1,593 

1,039 
136 
191 
496 
246 
149 
167 

2,159 
670 



25,726 

81 

439 

135 

70 

3,179 

734 

5,718 

112 

1,002 

194 

342 

389 

280 

1,293 

69 

39 

439 

200 

810 

7,082 

54 

196 

263 

1,257 

175 



24,850 

5392 

25 

63 

45 

293 

463 

58 

51 

533 

182 

156 

184 

58 

132 

764 

25 

22 

30 

21 

320 

194 

31 

34 

87 

85 

109 

116 

1,573 

158 

344 

12,089 

28 
175 

72 

27 

1,882 

930 

1,863 

85 
518 

72 
167 
460 
169 
576 

43 

4 

232 

150 

475 

2,281 

60 

85 

95 
1,126 

68 



11,609 

1,992 

8 
34 
14 
76 

189 
23 
11 

220 
36 
24 

232 
31 
77 

503 
24 
22 
29 
10 

154 

174 
26 
18 
46 
16 
27 
16 

259 

103 
93 

4,470 

39 
228 

63 

75 
420 
137 
408 

16 
258 

71 
114 

53 
122 
263 

25 

7 

119 

17 
163 
625 

12 

24 

73 
205 
151 



18322 

4,044 
19 

37 

36 

93 

555 

22 

36 

643 

62 

59 

534 

41 

150 

715 

30 

15 

50 

21 

264 

211 

17 

21 

86 

58 

29 

36 

595 

186 

138 

6,448 

20 
98 
56 
21 
1,112 

685 

725 
46 

235 
29 
68 

145 
56 

446 
19 
13 

108 
55 

111 
1,196 
12 
61 
32 

608 

102 



18395 

4,467 

59 

69 

63 

33 

159 

51 

38 

381 

54 

26 

1,414 

252 

243 

814 

64 

28 

58 

26 

156 

284 

47 

28 

123 

30 

23 

30 

305 

286 

137 

5,856 
31 

87 

88 

95 

510 

176 

228 

15 

219 

84 

65 

38 

91 

291 

14 

25 

149 

22 

49 

1,027 

2 

17 

78 

56 

65 



51332 

6305 

136 

73 

41 

28 

152 

50 

27 

233 

98 

22 

1,025 

245 

294 

2,365 

60 

165 

159 

77 

511 

850 

112 

112 

319 

41 

22 

15 

302 

1,035 

101 

13,858 

30 

66 

55 

76 

2,059 

91 

256 

15 

153 

802 

65 

20 

191 

431 

15 

309 

111 

12 

122 

1,479 

5 

9 

48 

82 

37 



12317 

745 

21 
2 
5 



70 
6 
13 
391 
72 
17 
15 



6334 

6 

46 

1 

64 

2,649 

1,083 
2 
19 

7 

3 

55 
48 

47 
18 

167 
1,291 

2 
18 
41 

44 



46,637 

8,021 

132 
115 

74 
166 
484 
100 

59 
530 
269 

60 

1,010 

289 

308 

2,344 

54 
110 
208 

90 
630 
711 
141 
132 
268 

72 

59 

42 
755 
898 
255 

15,471 
98 
339 

78 

81 

3,549 

258 

1,046 

51 

384 

370 

130 

234 

181 

528 

53 

71 

209 

123 

748 

3,276 

21 

72 

112 

255 

206 



See footnotes at end of table 



70 



TABLE 21. IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY MAJOR OCCUPATION GROUP AND REGION 

AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 

FISCAL YEAR 1995— Continued 





Total 


Occupation 




Region and country 
of birth 


Total 


Profes- 
sional 
specialty 


Executive, 
admini- 
strative, 


Sales 


Admini- 
strative 


Precision 
produc- 


Operator, 
fabricator. 


Farming, 
forestry, 


Service 


No occu- 
pation or 
not re- 








and tech- 
nical 


and man- 
agerial 




support 


and repair 


laborer 


fishing 




ported ' 


Turkey 


2,947 


1,310 


447 


222 


65 


77 


124 


108 


13 


254 


1,637 


Vietnam 


41,752 


13,994 


534 


106 


685 


241 


2,185 


6,744 


860 


2,639 


27,758 


Yemen 


1,501 


565 


17 


12 


12 


5 


5 


447 


45 


22 


936 




2.181 
42,456 


496 
16,991 


176 
5,578 


106 
2,265 


20 
1,005 


66 
1,549 


20 
916 


20 
2,157 


5 
153 


83 
3368 


1,685 




25,465 


Cape Verde 


968 


193 


20 


8 


7 


7 


28 


78 


2 


43 


775 


Egypt 


5,648 


2,558 


1,174 


580 


141 


185 


95 


88 


12 


283 


3,090 


Ethiopia 


6,952 


2,291 


477 


186 


199 


278 


120 


407 


19 


605 


4,661 


Ghana 


3,152 


1,494 


407 


79 


88 


139 


225 


153 


31 


372 


1,658 


Kenya 


1,419 


565 


184 


134 


34 


82 


23 


15 


7 


86 


854 


Liberia 


1,929 


610 


179 


55 


32 


62 


11 


95 


9 


167 


1,319 


Morocco 


1,726 


737 


160 


106 


55 


65 


67 


60 


10 


214 


989 


Nigeria 


6,818 


3,182 


1,446 


312 


198 


275 


102 


209 


29 


611 


3,636 


Sierra Leone 


919 


365 


106 


38 


29 


45 


18 


19 


5 


105 


554 


Somalia 


3,487 


879 


44 


28 


19 


35 


27 


541 


4 


181 


2,608 


South Africa 


2,560 


1,124 


487 


321 


41 


107 


46 


28 


8 


86 


1,436 


Sudan 


1,645 


673 


132 


46 


21 


48 


25 


256 


4 


141 


972 




5,233 
4,695 


2,320 
2,274 


762 
736 


372 
356 


141 
113 


221 
243 


129 
190 


208 
152 


13 
75 


474 
409 


2,913 




2,421 


Australia 


1,751 


933 


395 


191 


55 


94 


42 


45 


16 


95 


818 


Fiji 


1,491 


727 


105 


76 


38 


95 


89 


52 


33 


239 


764 


Other Oceania 


1,453 


614 


236 


89 


20 


54 


59 


55 


26 


75 


839 




231,526 


70,935 


8,153 


3,383 


3,007 


4,627 


5,749 


24,774 


4,667 


16,575 


160,591 


Canada 


12,932 


5,543 


2,440 


1,415 


303 


421 


176 


354 


35 


399 


7,389 


Mexico 


89,932 


25,296 


560 


362 


866 


851 


1,528 


13,440 


2,942 


4,747 


64,636 




96,788 


29374 


4,238 


1,210 


1359 


2,518 


3313 


7329 


1309 


7,898 


67,414 


Cuba 


17,937 


6,017 


926 


220 


244 


448 


634 


2,464 


59 


1,022 


11,920 


Dominican Rep. . 


38,512 


8,928 


1,407 


419 


496 


689 


1,291 


3,010 


692 


924 


29,584 


Haiti 


14,021 


3,931 


476 


112 


260 


239 


739 


951 


386 


768 


10,090 


Jamaica 


16,398 


6,842 


802 


182 


192 


846 


221 


498 


310 


3,791 


9,556 


Trinidad & 
























Tobago 


5,424 


1,815 


336 


158 


94 


184 


253 


237 


19 


534 


3,609 


Other Caribbean . 


4,496 


1,841 


291 


119 


73 


112 


175 


169 


43 


859 


2,655 


Central America . 


31,814 


10,699 


905 


389 


476 


837 


730 


3,651 


181 


3,530 


21,115 




1,062 
11,744 


343 
4,400 


71 

122 


25 
51 


8 
207 


36 

207 


24 
211 


96 

1,444 


6 

52 


77 
2,106 


719 


El Salvador 


7,344 


Guatemala 


6,213 


1,951 


196 


84 


65 


154 


157 


764 


65 


466 


4,262 


Honduras 


5,496 


1,643 


174 


96 


45 


115 


184 


688 


26 


315 


3,853 


Nicaragua 


4,408 


1,558 


183 


76 


106 


153 


97 


566 


25 


352 


2,850 


Panama 


2,247 


580 


129 


44 


35 


135 


29 


69 


3 


136 


1,667 


Other C. America 


644 


224 


30 


13 


10 


37 


28 


24 


4 


78 


420 


Other N. America . 


60 


23 


10 


7 


3 


- 


2 






1 


37 




45,666 


15,579 


3,144 


1365 


1,021 


1,411 


1316 


4,286 


343 


2,793 


30,087 


Argentina 


1,762 


678 


242 


130 


36 


66 


36 


74 


7 


87 


1,084 


Bolivia 


1,332 


512 


103 


31 


18 


50 


71 


53 


2 


184 


820 


Brazil 


4,558 


1,687 


492 


273 


67 


136 


87 


199 


18 


415 


2,871 


Chile 


1,534 


571 


156 


52 


43 


64 


36 


99 


4 


117 


963 


Colombia 


10,838 


3,792 


601 


191 


220 


179 


112 


2,019 


12 


458 


7,046 


Ecuador 


6,397 


2,252 


316 


85 


238 


236 


311 


562 


59 


445 


4,145 


Guyana 


7,362 


2,151 


351 


205 


94 


282 


333 


356 


207 


323 


5,211 


Peru 


8,066 


2,904 


534 


210 


259 


310 


172 


790 


28 


601 


5,162 


Venezuela 


2,627 


696 


270 


148 


27 


61 


9 


92 




89 


1,931 


Others. America .. 


1,190 


336 


79 


40 


19 


27 


49 


42 


6 


74 


854 


Unknown or not rep. 


2 


2 






1 




1 











' Includes homemakers, students, unemployed or retired persons, and others not reporting or with an unknown occupation. 
- Represents zero. 



71 



II. REFUGEES 



The Immigration and Nationality Act, as amended by the 
Refugee Act of 1980, governs the admission of refugees 
into the United States. A refugee, as defined by the Act, is 
any person who is outside his or her country of nationality 
and is unable or unwilling to return to that country because 
of persecution or a well-founded fear of persecution. 
Claims of persecution must be based on race, religion, 
nationality, membership in a particular social group, or 
political opinion. Persons within their country of 
nationality may be treated as refugees, provided that the 
President, after consultation with Congress, declares that 
they are of special humanitarian concern to the United 
States. The definition of refugee set forth in the Refugee 
Act of 1980 conforms to the 1967 United Nations Protocol 
on Refugees. 

U.S. Refugee Program 

At the beginning of each fiscal year, the President, after 
consultation with Congress to review the worldwide 
refugee situation, determines the number of refugees in 
need of resettlement who are of special humanitarian 
concern to the United States. The President then 
establishes the authorized number of admissions for that 
fiscal year. During the year, changes in the need for 
resettlement may require revisions in the overall limit on 
refugee admissions or reallocation among areas of the 
world. The admission ceiling of 112,000 for 1995 was 
allocated among geographic regions as follows: 



Geographic region of origin 



Ceilings 



Africa 7,000 

East Asia 40,000 

Eastern Europe / Soviet Union 48,000 

Latin America / Caribbean 8,000 

Near East / South Asia 5,000 

Unallocated, funded 2,000 

Unallocated, unfunded 2,000 



The authorized admission levels set the maximum number 
of refugees allowed to enter the United States in a fiscal 
year from each of the geographic areas of chargeability. 
The authorized ceiling was lowered from 121,000 in 1994 
to 112,000 in 1995, continuing a downward trend since the 
peak of 142,000 in 1992. An unallocated funded reserve 
of 2,000 was placed in the 1995 ceiling to allow for small 
increases in one or more areas as needed without 
subtracting refugee numbers from other areas. A separate 
unfunded reserve was established in 1987 so that 



additional refugees could be admitted with private sector 
funding for the costs of their resettlement. Cubans have 
been the major group admitted with private funding, but 
this program has also been used for small numbers of 
refugees from other countries. No refugees were admitted 
in 1995 under the privately-funded program. 

The ceiling for East Asia includes certain Vietnamese 
Amerasians, who enter the United States with immigrant 
visas. Although these aliens are immigrants rather than 
refugees, they are included in the refugee ceiling since 
they are eligible for refugee benefits in the United States. 
Only 939 Amerasians, including their family members, 
entered the United States in 1995. They are included in 
the immigrant rather than the refugee tables in the 
Statistical Yearbook. The Amerasian program is ending, 
since most of the eligible persons have already been 
identified and entered the United States. 

During 1995, refugees were interviewed and approved for 
admission to the United States by officers in twelve of the 
Service's eighteen overseas offices. To qualify for 
admission to the United States as a refugee, each applicant 
must meet all of the following criteria: be a refugee as set 
forth in the Refugee Act of 1980; be among the types of 
refugees determined to be of special humanitarian concern 
to the United States; be admissible under the Immigration 
and Nationality Act; and not be firmly resettled in any 
foreign country. Spouses and minor children of qualifying 
refugees also enter the United States as refugees, either 
accompanying or following to join the principal refugee. 
Occasionally these family members gain refugee status 
after arriving in the United States; this was the case with 
163 people in 1995. 

Under the Refugee Act of 1980, refugees are eligible to 
adjust to lawful permanent resident status, exempt from 
the worldwide annual limitation, after 1 year of residence 
in the United States. When they adjust status, their date of 
admission is recorded as their date of entry as refugees, so 
that the length of time spent in refugee status is counted 
toward the residency requirement for naturalization. 

Beginning in 1990, the administrative processing of 
refugee applicants residing in the Soviet Union was 
shifted to the United States. The resulting change in the 
application procedure created a discontinuity with prior 
INS data on refugee applications. Applicants from the 
former Soviet Union are now required to submit an initial 
questionnaire to the State Department's Washington 
Processing Center (WPC) in Rosslyn, Virginia. The WPC 
establishes interview priority for applications based on 
information supplied on the initial questionnaires and 
schedules interviews in Moscow. On the day of their 
interview, applicants submit completed refugee 



72 



Chart F 
Refugee and Asylee Initial Admissions and Admissions to Lawful Permanent Resident Status: 

Fiscal Years 1946-95 

Thousands 
350 -I 



300 - 
250 - 
200 - 
150 
100 - 
50 - 



Initial admissions 

Admissions to lawful permanent resident status 




1946 1950 



1955 



1960 



1965 



1970 



— i — 
1975 



1980 



1985 



1990 



1995 



Major refugee programs 



1949-53 Displaced Persons Act 

1954-57 Refugee Relief Act 

11/56-7/58 Hungarians paroled 

1959 Hungarian adjustments began 

1966-80 Refugee conditional entrants 



1978-84 

2/70-3/80 
1/59-3/80 
1967 



Indochinese Refugee 

Adjustment Act 
Refugee-Parolees admitted 
Cubans paroled 
Cuban adjustments began 



3/75-3/80 Indochinese refugees paroled 

1980 Refugee-Parolee adjustments began 
4/80 Refugee Act admissions began 

1981 Refugee Act adjustments began 
4/80-10/80 Mariel boatlift 

1985-87 Mariel adjustments 



NOTE: For the period 1946-56, admissions to lawful permanent resident status and initial admissions were the same. See Glossary for fiscal year definitions. 
Source: Tables 24, 28, and 31. 



applications to Service officers in Moscow. Since 1990, 
those applications have been counted as filed on the 
interview date. The 45,825 applications pending in 
Moscow at the end of fiscal year 1989 were 
administratively closed and forwarded to the WPC to 
receive a priority and interview date; therefore, the count 
of pending applications declined by this number between 
1989 and 1990. The 45,825 applications were added to the 
pool of initial questionnaires submitted to the WPC 
beginning in 1990. 

The number of initial questionnaires received at the WPC 
provides only a rough indication of the potential number of 
applications, because a questionnaire may include more 
than one person, and some potential applicants submit 
duplicate questionnaires. Many questionnaires never result 
in formal applications for refugee status, because they 
greatly exceed the yearly admissions allocated for the 



former Soviet Union. During fiscal year 1995, the WPC 
received 38,753 questionnaires and scheduled 36,105 
persons for Moscow interviews. About 24 percent of these 
potential applicants did not appear for their interviews. 
Applicants from the former Soviet Union who were in 
other countries at the start of fiscal year 1990 are still 
allowed to submit applications for refugee status directly 
to other INS refugee processing posts. Only 29 Soviet 
applications were filed outside of Moscow in 1995, 
including 11 spouses and children who received refugee 
status in the United States. 

Data Overview 

The United States first recognized refugees for entry into 
the country in fiscal year 1946. After that time many 
different refugee programs were enacted on an ad hoc 
basis, including the Displaced Persons Act and the Cuban 



73 



Table E 
Refugee Status Applications Filed and Approved, and Refugees Admitted, by Selected Nationality 

Fiscal Year 1995 



Nationality 



Refugee applications 
filed 



Refugee applications 
approved 



Refugee arrivals 



Total 

Vietnam 

Soviet Union (former) 
Bosnia-Herzegovina ... 

Somalia 

Iraq 

Cuba 

Sudan 

Iran 

Laos 

Ethiopia 

Other 



143,223 

69,987 

36,336 

16,491 

7,695 

4,173 

2,842 
2,251 
1,726 
458 
245 
1,019 



78,936 

22,563 

34,355 

11,426 

2,454 

2,173 

1,914 
1,825 
889 
439 
229 
669 



95,576 

28,653 

33,119 

8,412 

2,435 

3,241 

5,118 
1,654 

947 
3,323 

404 
8,270 



Source: Tables 23 and 25. 



and Indochinese Refugee Adjustment Acts. During the first 
decade of refugee programs, virtually all refugees entered 
the United States as immigrants. Since 1957, most refugees 
either have been paroled into the United States under 
special authority granted to the Attorney General by the 
Immigration and Nationality Act, or have entered in a 
statutory refugee status, to be adjusted to lawful permanent 
resident status at a later date. 

Chart F depicts initial refugee admissions and admissions to 
lawful permanent resident status for the period 1946-95. 
This graph demonstrates the time lag between initial 
admission and adjustment to immigrant status. At the onset 
of parole programs there generally were no mechanisms for 
adjustment to permanent status, thus creating a recurring 
need for special legislation. The Refugee Act of 1980 
addressed this situation by providing for routine adjustment 
of status by refugees one year after arrival. 

The number of applications for refugee status filed with 
INS increased by less than 1 percent from 1994 (142,068) 
to 1995 (143,223). The leading countries of chargeability 
of the applicants were Vietnam with 49 percent of the 
applications, the former Soviet Union (25 percent) and 
Bosnia-Herzegovina (12 percent). In 1995 the number of 
applications filed by Vietnamese increased by 28 percent 
over the 1994 level, while the number filed by former 
Soviet citizens dropped by 14 percent (Table E). The 
refugee processing program in Haiti closed at the end of 
fiscal year 1994, so applications filed by Haitians dropped 
from 10,400 in fiscal year 1994 to only 30 in fiscal year 
1995. Applications by Bosnians increased by 66 percent. 



The number of refugees approved for admission to the 
United States declined from 105,137 in 1994 to 78,936 in 
1995. The leading countries of chargeability were the 
former Soviet Union with 34,355 approvals, Vietnam with 
22,563, and Bosnia-Herzegovina with 11,426 (Table E). 
These three countries accounted for 87 percent of all 
approvals in 1995. The number approved from the former 
Soviet Union dropped for the third straight year, following 
the downward trend in applications. The number of 
refugees approved from Vietnam declined by 34 percent in 
1995, reflecting a substantial drop in the proportion of 
successful applications. 



More than 95,000 refugees arrived in the 
United States during 1995. 



Refugee figures include spouses and children who are 
cleared to join principal refugees already in the United 
States, and they count against the annual ceiling. Because 
of these family reunification cases, the data continue to 
show refugees being approved and arriving for some time 
after active refugee processing has ended for nationals of 
certain countries. Most of the refugee flow from Eastern 
Europe in fiscal year 1995 other than from Bosnia- 
Herzegovina was family reunification cases, and most of 
the caseload from Afghanistan, Ethiopia, and Haiti also 
falls into this category. Overall, 2.5 percent of the 
applications and 3 percent of the approvals were family 
reunification cases. 



74 



Refugee arrivals into the United States declined to 95,576 
in 1995 from the 1994 level of 114,976. The decline was 
distributed among most refugee source countries, 
including the two leading countries: the former Soviet 
Union with 33,119 arrivals and Vietnam with 28,653. 
These two countries comprise 65 percent of the total 
refugee arrivals for 1995 (Table E). The time lag between 
approval of a refugee application and the refugee's arrival 
in the United States may be 6 months or more. After 
approval, refugees must undergo health and security 
clearances, have sponsorship and placement arranged, and 
in some cases go through orientation and English language 
training. This time lag accounts for the discrepancies 
between approval and arrival figures in any given year. 

Reflecting earlier trends in refugee admissions, the number 
of refugees adjusting to lawful permanent resident status 
declined by 7 percent from 1994 (115,451) to 1995 
(106,827). The leading countries of birth for these 
refugees were the former Soviet Union (39,368), Vietnam 
(28,587), Cuba (12,039), Bosnia-Herzegovina (3,761), and 
Iraq (3,749). These five countries accounted for 82 
percent of all refugee adjustments. The number of 
refugees adjusting status from the former Soviet Union 
declined by about 22 percent from 1994, while the number 
from Vietnam and Cuba remained about the same. 

In order to adjust to lawful permanent resident status, a 
refugee must reside in the United States for 1 year in 
refugee status. For all refugees who adjusted status in 
1995, the median length of residence in the United States 
was 1.4 years. This analysis and others indicate that 
refugees tend to adjust soon after they become eligible. 
Nearly 82 percent of the 1995 refugee adjustment cohort 
entered the United States in 1993-94. An analysis based 
on arrival-year cohorts indicates that in recent years 
approximately one-fourth of the refugee arrivals have 
adjusted their status as soon as they complete their first 
year in the country. By the end of their second year, more 
than 80 percent have completed the process, and 93 
percent have done so by the end of their third year. 

The leading states of residence for refugees (and asylees) 
adjusting status in 1995 were California (26,104), New York 
(19,721), Florida (14,527), Illinois (5,060), Washington 
(4,793), and Texas (4,272). These six states accounted for 
65 percent of all refugee and asylee adjustments. Nearly 23 
percent of all refugees and asylees who adjusted status in 
1995 live in California. The leading metropolitan areas of 
residence for these refugees and asylees were New York 
(17,483), Miami (11,058), Orange County, CA (5,702), Los 
Angeles-Long Beach (5,226), and Chicago (4,920). 



Data Collection 

The Immigration and Naturalization Service collects data 
on refugees at three points during processing: when they 
apply for refugee status abroad, when they are admitted to 
the United States, and when they adjust to lawful 
permanent resident status. The INS overseas offices 
collect data on applicants for refugee status. Each office 
completes INS Form G-319, Report of Applicants for 
Refugee Status under Section 207, which reports refugee 
casework by the country to which each applicant is 
chargeable. 

Since 1987, data on refugee admissions have been 
entered into in the Nonimmigrant Information System 
(NHS). The system compiles refugee admissions by 
country of citizenship on a monthly basis from INS Form 
1-94, Arrival/Departure Record (see Nonimmigrants 
section). Since NIIS records each entry of a person with 
nonimmigrant status, a refugee traveling abroad and 
returning to the United States may be counted more than 
once during the fiscal year. As a result, the data on 
refugee admissions may overstate the number of initial 
admissions of refugees. The admission data may also 
include spouses and children coming to join family 
members who were granted asylum status. A 
comparison of NIIS data to data collected by other 
agencies indicates that INS refugee arrival figures were 
not overstated in 1995. 

Both the Bureau for Refugee Programs (Department of 
State) and the Office of Refugee Resettlement 
(Department of Health and Human Services) collect data 
on refugees admitted to the United States. The Bureau for 
Refugee Programs collects data through the 
Intergovernmental Organization for Migration, which is 
the agency responsible for arranging the transportation of 
refugees to the United States. The Office of Refugee 
Resettlement, responsible for the disbursement of funds 
for refugee benefits, collects detailed data on the 
characteristics of refugees at the time they are initially 
admitted to the United States. 

The Immigration and Naturalization Service collects data 
on refugees adjusting to lawful permanent resident status 
as part of its immigrant data series gathered by the 
Immigrant Data Capture System (IMDAC). The data 
collected include demographic variables as well as 
immigration-oriented variables (see Immigrants section). 
This is the only stage in the refugee process where the INS 
collects detailed information about the characteristics of 
refugees. 



75 



III. ASYLEES 



The Refugee Act of 1980 regulates U.S. asylum policy as 
well as governing refugee procedures. The Act, for the 
first time, established a statutory basis for granting asylum 
in the United States consistent with the 1967 United 
Nations Protocol on Refugees. An asylee must meet the 
same criteria as a refugee. The only difference is the 
location of the person upon application; the potential 
asylee is in the United States or applying for admission at 
a port of entry, and the potential refugee is outside the 
United States. 

U.S. Asylum Program 

Any alien physically present in the United States or at a 
port of entry may request asylum in the United States. 
According to the Refugee Act, current immigration status, 
whether legal or illegal, is not relevant to an applicant's 
asylum claim. An alien may apply for asylum in one of 
two ways: with an INS asylum officer, or, if apprehended, 
with an immigration judge as part of a deportation or 
exclusion hearing. Aliens who appear at the ports of entry 
without proper documents and request asylum are referred 
for exclusion hearings. The data reported in this section 
pertain only to asylum cases filed with INS asylum 
officers. An alien denied asylum by the INS may renew 
the asylum claim with an immigration judge. 

No limits are set by law on the number of individuals who 
may be granted asylum in the United States. Under 
immigration law, an approved asylee must reside in the 
United States for 1 year following his or her approval to be 
eligible to apply for adjustment to lawful permanent 
resident status. One year of the asylee's residence prior to 
adjustment is counted toward the naturalization residency 
requirement. Although asylee adjustments are exempt 
from the worldwide annual limitation on immigrants, the 
law places a ceiling on the number of asylees who may 
adjust each year. The Immigration Act of 1990 increased 
the ceiling from 5,000 to 10,000 per year, effective in 
fiscal year 1991. It also waived the annual ceiling 
beginning in fiscal year 1991 for those asylees who had 
met the required 1-year waiting period and filed for 
adjustment of status on or before June 1, 1990. 

The Asylum Officer Corps (AOC) assumed responsibility 
within INS for the adjudication of asylum claims on April 
2, 1991 . Before that date asylum claims had been heard by 
examiners in INS district offices. During fiscal year 1995 
asylum officers worked from eight sites: Los Angeles, San 
Francisco, Chicago, Newark, New York City, Arlington 
(Virginia), Miami, and Houston. The New York office 



opened at the beginning of fiscal year 1995, assuming 
some of the caseload that had previously been handled 
from Newark. Applicants who do not live near these 
locations may be interviewed by asylum officers who 
travel to other INS offices. 

In March 1994, the INS published proposed regulations 
designed to streamline the asylum decision process, 
discourage the filing of frivolous claims, and integrate the 
work of asylum officers with the work of the immigration 
judges in the Executive Office of Immigration Review 
(EOIR, an independent Justice Department agency) in the 
case of claims that do not appear to meet the standards for 
granting asylum. The plan also called for a doubling of 
the asylum officer corps in 1995. The final asylum reform 
regulations were published in December 1994, and took 
effect on January 4, 1995. 

Under asylum reform the INS standard is to conduct the 
asylum interview within 60 days after the claim is filed, 
and to identify and grant those cases that have merit in a 
timely fashion. If the INS asylum officer does not find the 
claim to be grantable at the interview, the applicant is 
referred immediately for deportation proceedings before 
EOIR (unless his nonimmigrant status is still valid). The 
immigration judge may grant the claim or may issue a 
denial and an order of deportation. Under this system the 
INS asylum officers issue relatively few denials, but an 
interview followed by a referral to EOIR represents the 
asylum officer's judgment that the application is not 
readily grantable. An applicant who fails without good 
cause to keep a scheduled appointment for an asylum 
interview is referred immediately to EOIR for deportation; 
this is considered to be one type of case closure. 



More than 154,000 asylum 

applications were filed in 

the United States during 1995. 

Data Overview 

The yearly number of asylum applications filed with the 
INS has fluctuated greatly since the effective date of the 
Refugee Act of 1980, as shown in Chart G. In fiscal year 
1995, 154,464 asylum cases were filed or reopened. This 
was a record high number for the fourth straight year, 
although a small increase over the 1994 total of 146,468. 
Central Americans accounted for two-thirds of the new 
claims; the trend in claims from Central America is shown 
in Table F. Nearly 76,000 new claims were filed by 
Salvadorans and more than 23,000 by Guatemalans. 



76 



Chart G 

Asylum Applications Filed with the INS: 

Fiscal Years 1973-95 

Thousands 
175 



i 




A 






1973 1975 1977 1979 1981 1983 1985 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 
NOTE: See Glossary for fiscal year definitions. Source: Table 27. 

Mexico, with 9,703 new claims, ranked third, and the 
People's Republic of China accounted for nearly 5,000. 
The 1995 figures were swelled by about 71,000 claims 
filed under the terms of the ABC settlement (see discussion 
below). Excluding them, about 84,000 applications were 
filed, a drop of more than 50,000 from fiscal year 1994. 
Moreover, applications surged just before the new 
regulations took effect, suggesting that many potential 
applicants preferred to submit their applications under the 
old rules. 



In recent years, the trend in asylum claims filed by persons 
from Central America has been driven in large part by 
what are known as ABC cases. In 1991 a settlement was 
reached in a class action lawsuit, American Baptist 
Churches (ABC) v. Thornburgh. Under its terms, many 
nationals of El Salvador and Guatemala were allowed to 
file or renew their claims for asylum. The Guatemalans 
had a filing deadline of March 31, 1992, which was the 
peak year for claims from Guatemalans. The 187,000 
Salvadorans who had registered for Temporary Protected 
Status (TPS) in 1991 became eligible to file for asylum at 
the expiration of their TPS period in 1992. They were 
later granted additional time under deferred enforced 
departure periods which extended until December 1994, 
and they had until January 31, 1996, to apply for asylum 
under the ABC agreement. The number of ABC claims 
filed by Salvadorans grew during fiscal year 1995 as the 
deadline approached. These claims are heard under the 
pre-reform regulations. 

During fiscal year 1995, the Asylum Officer Corps 
completed work on 108,042 claims, more than twice the 
53,399 cases completed in fiscal year 1994. The number 
of cases granted was 12,454, representing 20 percent of 
the cases adjudicated. These cases encompassed 17,493 
persons given asylum, a record high number. In fiscal 
year 1994, 8,131 asylum cases were granted, which was 
22 percent of the adjudicated cases. 

In 1995, 7,837 asylees adjusted to lawful permanent 
resident status. This number represents a rise of 31 
percent from the 5,983 asylees who became permanent 
resident aliens in fiscal year 1994. The backlog of 
registered asylees waiting to adjust status was gone by the 
end of fiscal year 1993, and the ceiling of 10,000 was 
sufficient to accommodate all who applied during 1994 
and 1995. Because more than 10,000 persons received 
asylum each year in fiscal year 1994 and fiscal year 1995, 
a potential backlog is building again. The largest groups 
of asylees who adjusted status in 1995 included 772 



Table F 
Asylum Applications Filed with the INS by Central Americans: Fiscal Years 1989-95 



Area of citizenship 



1989 



1990 



1991 



1992 



1993 



1994 



1995 



Central America 87,564 54,379 

Nicaragua 35,431 18,304 

El Salvador 29,680 22,271 

Guatemala 15,521 12,234 

Other 6,932 1,570 

Source: Table 29; applications received and reopened during year. 



28,114 


53,966 


54,898 


62,310 


104,228 


2,219 


2,075 


3,180 


4,682 


1,908 


10,244 


6,781 


14,616 


18,600 


75,860 


14,774 


43,915 


34,198 


34,433 


23,202 


877 


1,195 


2,904 


4,595 


3,258 



77 



Chinese, 752 persons from the former Soviet Union, and 
686 Nicaraguans. No other nationality adjusting status 
accounted for as many as 500 asylees. 

Approximately 111,000 individuals have been granted 
asylum by the INS under the provisions of the Refugee Act 
from 1980 through 1995. During the same period, 102,601 
asylees have adjusted to permanent resident status. The 
total numberof asylees adjusting status exceeds the number 
granted asylum by the INS because immigration judges 
and the Board of Immigration Appeals also grant asylum. 
In addition, persons whose asylum applications are 
successful can apply for their spouses and children to join 
them from abroad, and these relatives also adjust status as 
asylees. 

Data Collection 

Prior to April 1, 1991, data on asylum applicants reflect 
cases filed with INS district directors; and subsequently, 
cases filed with INS asylum officers on Form 1-589 
(Request for Asylum in the United States). A centralized, 
automated data system (RAPS, for Refugees, Asylum and 
Parole System) has been developed to support the 
processing of the existing caseload and new asylum 
applications. The system is designed to support case 
tracking, schedule and control interviews, and generate 
management and statistical reports. The system is capable 
of reporting asylum casework by nationality and other 
characteristics of asylum applicants. Data can be reported 
by case or by the number of persons covered, since a case 
may include more than one person. Data on asylum 
applicants have been collected by the INS for selected 
nationalities since July 1980, and since June 1983 for all 
nationalities. 

As with refugees, the Immigration and Naturalization 
Service collects data on asylees adjusting to lawful 
permanent resident status in the Immigrant Data Capture 
System (IMDAC) (see Immigrants section). Adjustment to 
immigrant status has been the only point at which detailed 
characteristics of asylees were collected in past years. The 
RAPS system is now able to provide data on selected 
characteristics of asylees at an earlier time. 

Limitations of Data 

The figures shown here for fiscal year 1995 differ slightly 
from preliminary statistics that were released by the 
Asylum Division in October 1995. The data presented 
here were tabulated from the RAPS system several months 
after the close of the fiscal year and incorporate late 
additions and corrections to the data base. Cases that were 



entered into the RAPS system during fiscal year 1995 
showing filing dates in fiscal year 1994 were treated as 
new cases in these tabulations. Other corrections resulted 
in a drop from 424,458 to 422,105 in the pending caseload 
as reported at the close of fiscal year 1994 and at the 
beginning of fiscal year 1995. Another change between 
1994 and 1995 concerns the identification of applicants 
from the former Soviet Union whose records are being 
recoded in the system to one of the succeeding republics. 
Therefore, the pending number of cases from the "Soviet 
Union" dropped, and the numbers for Ukraine and others 
increased. 

It is possible for an asylum case to have more than one 
action during a year, particularly if the claimant fails to 
pursue a claim and later reopens it. Therefore, some 
claims may be double-counted as received and reopened, 
or closed and denied or granted. For this reason and due to 
recent growth in the number of reopened claims, the 
pending caseload at the end of the year can no longer be 
calculated by taking the pending caseload at the beginning 
of the year, adding claims filed and subtracting claims 
completed. 

Tables 29 and 30 contain a column showing the number of 
applications that were reopened during the year. Most of 
these are cases that had been closed earlier without a 
decision. The number of asylum applications filed is 
defined here as the sum of the new applications received 
and the applications reopened during the year. The 
tabulations also contain columns showing the number of 
cases referred to the immigration judges, with and without 
an interview. A referral due to failure without good cause 
to keep an appointment for an interview is considered 
comparable to a closed case for statistical purposes. The 
approval rate is calculated as the number of cases approved 
divided by the number of cases adjudicated, which is 
defined as the cases approved, denied, and referred to 
EOIR following an interview. 

Data on applicants for asylum collected by the Immigration 
and Naturalization Service historically have covered only 
cases filed with the INS. Information has not been 
available on cases filed by apprehended aliens or cases 
denied or referred by the INS and renewed with the 
immigration judges in the Executive Office for Immigration 
Review. The two agencies are working to integrate their 
data systems to provide these data in the future. The data 
collected by the ENS at the time asylees adjust to permanent 
resident status include all aliens who adjust regardless of 
whether they were granted asylum by the INS, immigration 
judges, or the BIA. Adjustment data also include spouses 
and children of persons granted asylum. 



78 



TABLE 22. REFUGEE-STATUS APPLICATIONS: FISCAL YEARS 1980-95 



Year 


Applications 

pending 

beginning of year 


Applications 

filed during 

year 


Applications 
approved 
during year 


Applications 

denied during 

year 


Applications 

otherwise closed 

during year 


Applications 

pending 
end of year 


1980 (April-Sept.).. 

1981 

1982 

1983 

1984 

1985 

1986 


16,642 
14,957 
18,619 
11,668 
7,801 

12,681 
13,707 
15,895 
20,152 
27,441 

39,524 
20,369 
18,238 
15,028 
15,582 

12,471 


95,241 
178.273 
76.150 
92,522 
99,636 

80,734 
67,310 
85,823 
105,024 
190,597 

135,251 
123,492 
133,786 
127,676 
142,068 

143,223 


89,580 
155,291 
61.527 
73.645 
77,932 

59,436 
52,081 
61,529 
80,282 
95,505 

99,697 
107,962 
115,330 
106,026 
105,137 

78,936 


6,149 
15,322 
14,943 
20,255 
16,220 

18,430 
9,679 
13,911 
11,821 
33,179 

29,805 
12,644 
14,886 
20,280 
20,557 

32,412 


1,197 
3.998 
6.631 
2,489 
604 

1,842 
3,362 
6,126 
5,632 
4,005 

24,904 
5,700 
6.780 
5,107 

19,485 

34,251 


14,957 
18,619 
11,668 
7,801 
12,681 

13,707 
15,895 


1987 

1988 

1989 


20,152 
27,441 
85.349 


1990 


20,369 


1991 . ... 


17,555 


1992 

1993 

1994 

1995 


15.028 
11,291 
12,471 

10,095 



NOTE: The Refugee Act of 1980 went into effect April 1, 1980. The pending beginning of fiscal year 1990 does not match the pending end of fiscal year 1989 due 
to changes in the processing of Soviet refugees residing inside the Soviet Union. The figures beginning fiscal year 1990 exclude the initial questionnaires submitted 
by refugee applicants residing in the former Soviet Union. Changes in the number of applications pending from 1991 to 1992 and 1993 to 1994 are due to revisions 
in the data from reporting offices. 



79 



TABLE 23. REFUGEE-STATUS APPLICATIONS BY GEOGRAPHIC AREA AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CHARGEABILITY 

FISCAL YEAR 1995 



Geographic area 
and country of 
chargeability 



Applications 

pending 

beginning of year 



Applications 

filed during 

year 



Applications 
approved 
during year 



Applications 

denied during 

year 



Applications 

otherwise closed 

during year 



Applications 

pending 
end of year 



All countries 



Africa 

Angola 

Ethiopia 

Liberia 

Rwanda 

Sierra Leone . 

Somalia 

Sudan 

Togo 

Uganda 

Zaire 

Other Africa .. 



East Asia 

Burma 

Laos 

Vietnam 

Other East Asia . 



Eastern Europe and 
Soviet Union 

Albania 

Bosnia-Herzegovina 

Bulgaria 

Poland 

Romania 

Soviet Union ' 

Other Eastern Europe 



Latin America 

Cuba 

Haiti 

Other Latin America 



Near East 

Afghanistan 

Iran 

Iraq 

Other Near East 

Not reported 



12,471 

4,171 

39 
365 
21 

47 

3,136 
354 

39 
134 
36 



1 

129 

2 



2342 
37 
1,014 
25 
329 
334 
577 
26 

4,197 

41 

4,153 

3 

1,629 

65 

329 

1,228 

7 



143,223 

10,881 
1 

245 
117 
190 

80 
7,695 
2,251 

45 

33 
187 

37 

70,478 

24 

458 

69,987 

9 



52,958 

86 

16,491 

1 

24 

19 

36,336 

1 

2,877 

2,842 

30 

5 

5,912 

13 

1,726 
4,173 



78,936 

4,895 

1 

229 

57 

116 

48 

2,454 

1,825 

33 

5 

104 

23 

23,023 

13 

439 
22,563 



45,900 

54 

11,426 

1 

37 

26 

34,355 

1 

1,933 

1,914 
14 
5 

3,068 
6 



32,412 

5319 

12 
53 
45 
19 
5,006 
65 
12 
14 
81 
12 



21,596 

11 

19 

21,565 

1 



2,668 

49 
1,082 



1,536 



504 

502 

2 



2,325 

4 

424 

1,897 



34351 
1368 

32 
16 

1,116 

378 

12 
14 



2364 

2 
1,356 

3 

19 

984 



4,170 

3 
4,167 



59 

137 

3 



10,095 

3,270 

39 
337 
28 
60 
13 
2,255 
337 

41 

122 
38 



4,368 

18 
3.641 

25 
313 
307 

38 

26 

467 

464 



1,945 

64 

683 

1.194 

4 



The Washington Processing Center, which handles the administrative processing of potential applicants residing in the former Soviet Union, received 38,753 
pre-applicauon questionnaires in fiscal year 1995. See the Refugee section of the text for further explanation. - Represents zero. 



80 



TABLE 24. REFUGEE APPROVALS AND ADMISSIONS BY GEOGRAPHIC AREA OF CHARGEABILITY 

FISCAL YEARS 1988-95 



Geographic area of chargeability 



1990' 



1991 



1992' 



1993 ' 



1994' 



1995' 



Authorized admissions 

Africa 

East Asia 

Eastern Europe & Soviet Union 

Latin America & Caribbean 

Near East 

Unallocated Reserve 

Approvals 

Africa 

East Asia 

Eastern Europe & Soviet Union 

Latin America & Caribbean 

Near East 

Not reported 

Admissions ' 

Africa 

East Asia 

Eastern Europe & Soviet Union 

Latin America & Caribbean 

Near East 

Unknown 



87,500 
3,000 
38,000 
30,000 
3,500 
9,000 
4,000 

80,282 
1,304 
41,450 
26,645 
2,452 
8,431 



80382 

1,708 

35,160 

28,906 

4,319 

9,486 

803 



104,500 

2.000 
38,000 
50,000 
3,500 
7,000 
4,000 

95,505 

1,825 
35,196 

48,620 
2,848 
7,016 



101,072 

1,998 

36,989 

48,416 

5,033 

7,699 

937 



110,000 

3,500 
36,800 
58.300 
2,400 
6,000 
4,000 

99,697 

3,318 

30,613 

58,951 

1,863 

4,952 



110,197 

3,585 
37,192 
57,081 
5,786 
5,636 
917 



116,000 

4,900 
38,500 
53.500 
3,100 
6,000 
10,000 

107,962 

4,430 
33,560 
62,582 
2,263 
5,127 



100,229 

4,564 

37,063 

46,726 

5,107 

5,895 

874 



123,500 

6.000 
33,500 
64,000 
3,000 
6,000 
11,000 

115330 

5,667 
31,751 
68,131 

4,121 
5,660 



123,010 
6,152 

36,528 

65,230 

5,372 

8,824 

904 



116,000 

7,000 
36,000 
51,500 
3,500 
7,000 
11.000 

106,026 
6,813 
38,314 
52,090 
3,991 
4,818 



113,152 

7,098 
38,494 
50,844 
6,153 
7,847 
2,716 



117300 

7,000 
41,500 
55,000 
4,000 
6,000 
4,000 

105,137 

5,748 
40,639 
48,963 
2,513 
7,229 
45 

114,471 

5,928 
39,787 
51,100 
9,011 
6,595 
2,050 



111,000 

7,000 
39,000 
48,000 
8,000 
5,000 
4,000 

78,936 

4,895 

23,023 

45,900 

1,933 

3,068 

117 

95,576 

5,115 

33,709 

42,152 

8,984 

4,886 

730 



1 The authorized admission levels for 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, and 1995 were 116.500, 125,000, 131,000, 142,000, 132,000, 121.000, and 112,000, 
respectively, including 12,000 Amerasians in 1989, 15,000 in both 1990 and 1991, 18,500 in 1992, 16,000 in 1993, 3,500 in 1994. and 1.000 in 1995. Since 
Amerasians enter the United States on immigrant visas, they are not included as refugee arrivals in the INS' data. As a result, the authorized admission levels for 1989 
through 1995 for East Asia have been reduced accordingly. 
2 Admissions may be higher than approvals because of the arrival of persons approved in previous years. 

NOTE: Beginning in 1987, refugee admission data were compiled through the Nonimmigrant Information System. Since the system collects all entries of persons 
with nonimmigrant visas, initial arrivals of refugees may be overstated. 
- Represents zero. 



81 



TABLE 25. REFUGEE ARRIVALS INTO THE UNITED STATES BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 

FISCAL YEARS 1989-95 



Country of 


1989 


1990 


1991 


1992 


1993 


1994 


1995 


citizenship 


















101,072 


110,197 


100,229 


123,010 


113,152 


114,471 


95,576 


Afghanistan 


1,991 


1,835 


1,690 


1,841 


1,536 


222 


190 


Albania 


44 


103 


1,354 


1,195 


484 


232 


102 


Bosnia-Herzegovina 


1 


1 


' 


1 


1 


5,991 


8,412 




110 


352 


621 


152 


48 


64 


32 


Cambodia 


2,110 


2,347 


183 


233 


156 


86 


67 




210 


133 


192 


1,229 


269 


268 


1,541 


Cuba 


3,742 


3,980 


3,910 


4,001 


3,205 


2,904 


5,118 


Czechoslovakia 


257 


246 


175 


36 


13 


6 


8 




74 
1,750 


136 
3,255 


110 
3,889 


259 
2,981 


1,006 

2,722 


524 
428 


553 




404 


Ghana 


12 


17 


35 


191 


11 


24 


51 


Hungary 


1,071 


295 


25 


18 


10 


6 


3 




5,466 


3,603 


2,833 


2,037 


1,302 


954 


947 




115 


73 


812 


3,466 


4,561 


4,900 


3,241 




12,779 


8,667 


9,212 


7,964 


6,853 


5,999 


3,323 




13 


11 


38 


899 


1,034 


519 


150 




1,053 


1,239 


883 


361 


346 


216 


176 


Poland 


3,792 


1,883 


573 


249 


115 


104 


58 


Romania 


3,369 


4,625 


4,803 


1,664 


382 


267 


127 


Somalia 


68 


52 


305 


1,690 


2,802 


3,508 


2,435 




22 

39,076 

6 


39 

49,385 

8 


17 

39,116 

31 


10 

61,714 

134 


14 

49,559 

229 


5 

44,095 

1,253 






33,119 


Sudan 


1,654 


Uganda 


52 


31 


115 


92 


27 


12 


13 


Vietnam 


21.865 


26,023 


27,441 


26,921 


30,920 


33,204 


28,653 


Yugoslavia ' 


619 


130 


35 


123 


59 


129 


180 


Other 


1,406 


1,729 


1,831 


3,550 


5,489 


8,551 


5.019 



1 Data for Bosnia-Herzegovina are not available separately from Yugoslavia prior to fiscal year 1994; beginning in 1994, data for Yugoslavia exclude Bosnia- 
Herzegovina (see Notice page). 
2 Data for People's Republic of China and Taiwan are included in China. 

NOTE: Beginning in 1987, refugee admissions data were compiled through the Nonimmigrant Information System. In this system, data are collected for country of 
citizenship. Since the system collects all entries of persons with nonimmigrant visas, initial arrivals of refugees may be overstated. 
- Represents zero. 



S2 



TABLE 26. REFUGEES GRANTED LAWFUL PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUS IN FISCAL YEAR 1995 
BY CALENDAR YEAR OF ENTRY AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 



Region and country 
of birth 



Before 
1988 



All countries 

Europe 

Albania 

Latvia 

Poland 

Romania 

Soviet Union 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

Afghanistan 

Cambodia 

China, People's Republic 

India 

Iran 

Iraq 

Laos 

Syria 

Thailand 

Vietnam 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Ethiopia 

Liberia 

Somalia 

Sudan 

Other Africa 

Oceania , 

North America , 

Caribbean 

Cuba 

Haiti 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

El Salvador 

Nicaragua 

Other Central America . 
Other North America 

South America 

Peru 

Other South America 

- Represents zero. 



106,827 

45,299 

308 
376 
193 
266 
39,368 
4,316 
472 

40,565 

327 

268 

32 

2 

862 

3,749 

3,296 

8 

2,931 

28,592 

498 

6,419 

1,606 
664 

3,003 
806 
340 



14,305 
14,162 

12,039 
2,094 
29 
112 
4 
41 
67 
31 

238 

37 
201 



26,679 

10,157 

46 
69 
19 
23 
7,779 
2.118 
103 

11,937 

10 
17 
4 

256 
1,353 

301 
1 

357 
9,462 

176 

1,437 

133 
84 
708 
394 
118 

1 

3,082 
3,063 
1,875 
1,183 
5 
15 

5 
10 

4 

65 

11 

54 



60,702 

25,417 

148 

218 

56 

71 

22,514 

2,191 

219 

23,192 

155 

46 

19 

2 

352 

2,216 

1,384 

6 

1,327 

17,437 

248 

4,571 
1,266 

526 

2,216 

369 

194 



7,436 

7383 

6,479 

891 

13 

39 

16 

23 
14 

86 

7 
79 



13,959 

8,422 
64 
84 
26 
40 

8,123 

3 

82 

2,896 

104 
38 

4 

108 
167 
794 

662 

985 

34 

314 

136 
54 
72 
33 
19 



2,273 
2,238 

2,213 
19 
6 

25 
1 

6 
18 
10 

54 

13 

41 



2,529 

793 

44 
1 

13 

57 

657 



791 
16 



65 

4 
250 

243 
212 



883 
868 

865 
1 

2 
13 

1 

8 

4 
2 

10 

3 

7 



1,014 

215 

3 

1 

15 

39 

149 



558 
19 
22 



23 

2 
172 

134 

177 

9 

27 
19 

2 
1 
5 



211 
206 

204 

2 
5 
2 
2 
1 



635 

134 
1 

2 
17 
23 
84 



396 

3 
29 

2 

22 
172 



101 
95 

95 



215 

4 
13 



120 

1 

40 
11 
41 
4 
23 

579 

16 
103 

2 

22 

7 

139 

1 

63 

202 

24 

12 

11 



223 
223 

223 



83 



TABLE 27. ASYLUM CASES FILED WITH INS DISTRICT DIRECTORS AND ASYLUM OFFICERS 

FISCAL YEARS 1973-95 



Year 


Cases 
received 


Cases 
completed 


Cases 
approved 


Cases 
denied 


Cases 
adjudicated 


Percent 
approved 


1973-95 


1,097,526 

1,913 
2,716 
2,432 

42,173 
2,733 
896 
2,529 
3,702 
5,801 

26,512 

161,872 

61,568 
33,296 
26,091 
24.295 
16,622 

281,048 

18.889 
26,107 
60,736 
101.679 
73,637 

605372 

56,310 
103,964 
144,166 
146,468 
154,464 


640,870 

1,510 
2,769 
1,664 

10,847 

1,914 
370 
1,939 
2,312 
2,312 
2,000 

124,142 

4,521 
11,326 
25,447 
54,320 
28,528 

310,071 

45,792 
44,785 
68.357 
102,795 
48,342 

189,867 

16,552 
21,996 
34,228 
53,399 
63,692 


87,079 

380 
294 
562 

4,990 

590 
97 

754 
1,218 
1,227 
1,104 

25,162 

1,175 
3,909 
7,215 
8,278 
4,585 

24,067 
3,359 

4,062 
5,531 
6,942 

4,173 

31,624 

2.108 
3,919 
5,012 

8,131 
12,454 


231,748 

1,130 
2,475 
1,102 

5,857 
1,324 

273 
1,185 
1,094 
1.085 

896 

73,928 

3,346 
7,255 
16,811 
32,344 
14,172 

75,621 

7,882 
3,454 
8,582 
31,547 
24,156 

71,635 
4,167 
6,506 
17,979 
28,892 
14,091 


354,459 

1,510 
2,769 
1,664 

10,847 
1,914 

370 
1,939 
2,312 

2,312 
2,000 

99,090 
4,521 
11,164 

24,026 
40,622 
18,757 

99,688 

11,241 
7,516 
14,113 

38,489 
28,329 

138,891 

6,275 
10,425 
22,991 

37,023 
62,177 


24.6 


1973 


25.2 


1974 


10.6 


1975 


33.8 


1976-80 


46.0 


1976 

1976, TQ 

1977 


30.8 
26.2 
38.9 


1978 


52.7 


1979 


53.1 


1980 


55.2 


1981-85 


25.4 


1981 


26.0 


1982 


35.0 


1983 


30.0 


1984 


20.4 


1985 

1986-90 


24.4 
24.1 


1986 

1987 

1988 


29.9 
54.0 
39.2 


1989 

1990 


18.0 
14.7 


1991-95 


22.8 


1991 


33.6 


1992 


37.6 


1993 


21.8 


1994 


22.0 


1995 


20.0 







NOTE: The Refugee Act of 1980 went into effect April 1. 1980. Data for fiscal years 1982 and 1983 have been estimated due to changes in the reporting 
procedures during those two periods. Cases received include cases newly filed and cases reopened. Cases completed include approvals, denials, and cases otherwise 
closed. Cases otherwise closed are those in which the applicant withdrew the case from consideration, never acknowledged the request for an interview with the INS. 
or died. Cases adjudicated include approvals and denials; for 1995 also include 35,632 cases referred to an immigration judge following an interview. Percent 
approved equals cases approved divided by cases adjudicated. Since April 1. 1991, authority to decide most asylum claims has resided with the INS Asylum Officer 
Corps. See Glossary for fiscal year definitions. 



H4 



TABLE 28. NUMBER OF INDIVIDUALS GRANTED ASYLUM BY INS DISTRICT DIRECTORS 

AND ASYLUM OFFICERS BY SELECTED NATIONALITY 

FISCAL YEARS 1989-95 



Nationality 



All nationalities 

Afghanistan 

Bangladesh 

Bosnia-Herzegovina 

Bulgaria 

China, People's Republic 

Cuba 

El Salvador 

Ethiopia 

Guatemala 

Haiti 

Hungary 

India 

Iran 

Iraq 

Laos 

Lebanon 

Liberia 

Libya 

Nicaragua 

Pakistan 

Panama 

Peru 

Poland 

Romania 

Somalia 

Soviet Union, former ' .... 

Armenia 

Russia 

Ukraine 

Other republics 

Unknown republic 

Sri Lanka 

Sudan 

Syria 

Yugoslavia 2 

Other 



9,229 

23 
2 



17 
150 
107 
443 

517 

102 

II 

33 

4 

723 

17 

7 

76 

20 

39 

5,092 

23 

318 

24 

329 

650 

128 

127 

X 

X 

X 

X 

X 



28 
4 

211 



5,672 

24 
1 



26 
679 
229 
260 

382 

65 

3 

20 

256 
21 
38 
86 
10 

23 

2,277 

11 

251 

27 

39 

204 

204 

264 

X 

X 

X 

X 

X 



63 

14 

177 



2,908 

46 
1 



22 
348 
124 
185 

405 
49 

1 

5 
13 

232 
26 
36 
67 
53 

6 

703 

11 

3 

20 

6 
50 
117 
142 
X 
X 
X 
X 
X 

4 
31 
9 
3 

190 



3,959 

90 

2 



44 
277 
214 
110 

347 
94 

120 

1 

78 

231 
70 
56 
81 

209 

14 
341 

83 

3 

113 

2 
156 
122 
442 

2 
51 

7 

1 
381 

44 
73 
16 
72 

454 



7,464 

70 
33 
15 
75 
336 
319 
74 

352 
172 
636 
2 
357 

347 
101 
79 
65 

247 

22 

291 

176 

6 

241 

58 
258 
121 
923 

28 
233 

54 

20 
588 

16 
133 
638 
506 

795 



11,764 

159 
87 
164 
40 
414 
494 
187 

672 

373 

1,060 

13 

584 

638 

214 

85 

91 

305 

20 

520 

219 

1 

470 

3 
184 
150 
1,175 
75 
565 
191 
102 
242 

62 

248 

1,032 

742 

1,358 



17,493 

335 
349 
289 
59 
535 
524 
237 

1,108 

1,065 

749 

27 

1,108 

785 
204 
33 
91 
615 

20 

484 

512 

2 



10 
181 
286 
1,556 
409 
578 
218 
283 
68 

69 

397 

680 

1,125 

3,370 



1 The 3,959 individuals known to have been granted asylum were in the 2,740 cases in the data system. An additional 1,179 cases were granted asylum, but the 
number of individuals covered and their nationalities are unknown. 2 Data for Bosnia-Herzegovina are not available separately from Yugoslavia prior to fiscal year 
1993; beginning in 1993, data for Yugoslavia exclude Bosnia-Herzegovina (see Notice page). 5 Beginning in 1992, some claims filed by persons from the former 
Soviet Union were recoded under the new Soviet republics. 

- Represents zero. X Not applicable. 



85 



TABLE 29. ASYLUM CASES FILED WITH INS ASYLUM OFFICERS BY SELECTED NATIONALITY 

FISCAL YEAR 1995 





Cases pending 


Cases filed 


Cases 


Cases 


Percent 
approved 2 


Individuals 


Nationality 


beginning 


during 


reopened 


granted 


granted asylum 




of year ' 


year 


during year 


during year 


during year 


All nationalities 


422,105 


149,065 


5399 


12,454 


20 


17,493 


Afghanistan 


792 


145 


17 


175 


62 


335 


Albania 


685 


356 


22 


110 


35 


147 


Bangladesh 


7,837 


1,778 


80 


232 


18 


349 


Bosnia-Herzegovina ... 


283 


159 


2 


206 


87 


289 


Brazil 


1,703 


366 


11 


9 


4 


16 


Bulgaria 


1,713 


196 


30 


38 


10 


59 


Burma 


520 


163 


8 


177 


70 


215 


Cameroon 


502 


153 


11 


142 


56 


160 


China, People's Rep. .. 


26,967 


4,822 


165 


393 


12 


535 




1,031 


474 


18 


42 


11 


49 


Colombia 


2,829 


740 


28 


57 


14 


104 


Croatia 


503 


83 


3 


42 


41 


59 


Cuba 


6,508 


1,180 


80 


408 


63 


524 


Czechoslovakia 


563 


131 


8 


4 


5 


6 


Ecuador 


2,982 


1,709 


48 


11 


2 


15 


Egypt 


1,297 


229 


26 


105 


36 


196 




72,323 


75,138 


722 


200 


3 


237 


Ethiopia 


3,164 


835 


87 


936 


59 


1,108 


Fiji 


957 


88 


12 


24 


16 


51 


Gambia 


1,006 


598 


19 


53 


15 


62 


Ghana 


3,297 


685 


50 


63 


10 


67 


Guatemala 


126,679 


22,006 


1,196 


847 


7 


1,065 


Guyana 


1.180 


296 


14 


5 


6 


14 


Haiti 


20,436 


2,396 


175 


641 


29 


749 


Honduras 


7,258 


2,926 


237 


153 


6 


194 


India 


9,922 


3.135 


216 


946 


35 


1,108 


Iran 


2,233 


498 


36 


506 


60 


785 


Iraq 


500 


117 


8 


114 


60 


204 


Israel 


763 


64 


10 


10 


15 


17 


Jamaica 


1,209 


446 


19 


2 


1 


2 


Jordan 


961 


92 


11 


25 


14 


55 


Laos 


1,698 


72 


17 


24 


13 


33 


Lebanon 


1,767 


141 


15 


61 


23 


91 


Liberia 


4,767 


694 


51 


435 


46 


615 


Mali 


1,070 


250 


7 


14 


8 


14 


Mexico 


7,031 


9.148 


555 


52 


1 


83 


Nicaragua 


24,533 


1,712 


196 


286 


15 


484 


Pakistan 


8,545 


2,318 


168 


331 


20 


512 


Peru 


5,666 


1,297 


108 


365 


22 


688 


Philippines 


7,645 


832 


139 


41 


3 


54 


Poland 


3,353 


318 


30 


7 


2 


10 


Romania 


4,770 


467 


66 


136 


16 


181 


Senegal 


909 


439 


17 


23 


8 


24 




809 

524 


72 
186 


18 
19 


43 
253 


17 
86 


71 


Somalia 


286 


Soviet Union, former ! 


14.832 


2,211 


226 


1,073 


34 


1,556 


Armenia 


1,714 


525 


72 


253 


25 


409 


Russia 


5.349 


775 


73 


405 


37 


578 


Ukraine 


2.020 


541 


35 


174 


29 


218 


Other republics 


790 


359 


20 


213 


48 


283 


Unknown republic ... 


4,959 


11 


26 


28 


76 


68 




563 

627 

1,063 

1,131 


106 
239 
197 
464 


10 
11 
21 
24 


43 
288 
296 

2 


31 
81 
69 

2 


69 




397 




680 


Trinidad & Tobago 


2 


Turkey 


818 


162 


13 


26 


34 


31 


Yemen 


761 


111 


9 


29 


26 


40 




5,318 


725 


43 


686 


59 


1,066 




1,294 


110 


8 


49 


44 


84 


Other 


14,008 


4,790 


259 


1,215 


32 


1,646 



See footnotes at end of table. 



S6 



TABLE 29. ASYLUM CASES FILED WITH INS ASYLUM OFFICERS BY SELECTED NATIONALITY 

FISCAL YEAR 1995— Continued 



Nationality 



All nationalities 

Afghanistan 

Albania 

Bangladesh 

Bosnia-Herzegovina 

Brazil 

Bulgaria 

Burma 

Cameroon 

China, People's Rep. 

Cote d'lvoire 

Colombia 

Croatia 

Cuba 

Czechoslovakia 

Ecuador 

Egypt 

El Salvador 

Ethiopia 

Fiji 

Gambia 

Ghana 

Guatemala 

Guyana 

Haiti 

Honduras 

India 

Iran 

Iraq 

Israel 

Jamaica 

Jordan 

Laos 

Lebanon 

Liberia 

Mali 

Mexico 

Nicaragua 

Pakistan 

Peru 

Philippines 

Poland 

Romania 

Senegal 

Sierra Leone 

Somalia 

Soviet Union, former 

Armenia 

Russia 

Ukraine 

Other republics 

Unknown republic 

Sri Lanka 

Sudan 

Syria 

Trinidad & Tobago ... 

Turkey 

Yemen 

Yugoslavia 4 

Stateless 

Other 



Cases 

denied 

during year 



14,091 

38 
43 

180 

7 

44 

186 
28 
38 

290 
63 
99 
19 
83 
24 
40 
55 

1,719 

287 

81 

20 

115 

2,356 

16 

804 

661 

543 
120 
32 
22 
19 
69 
86 

81 
164 

21 
1,009 
746 
268 
416 
475 
284 
383 

29 
110 

18 
826 
313 
307 
126 

76 
4 

31 
19 
48 
29 
9 
27 
165 

19 

727 



Individuals 

denied asylum 

during year 



17^56 

65 
53 

258 
9 
73 

253 
30 
47 

358 
69 

165 
20 

102 
35 
56 
80 

1,786 

343 

150 

21 

121 

2.491 

21 

889 

703 

622 
181 
43 
39 
22 
101 
115 

105 

198 

21 

1,287 

1,158 

392 

634 

617 

329 
495 

29 
132 

18 
1,122 
425 
410 
158 
103 

26 

40 
24 
70 
50 
12 
31 
220 

29 

1,022 



Cases 

otherwise closed 

during year 



37,147 

24 

50 

677 

15 

103 

161 

36 

40 

1,889 

117 

325 

29 

1.338 

84 

694 

122 

3,513 

156 

38 

173 

301 

8,221 
191 
783 

1,732 

1,311 
157 
30 
90 
197 
70 



127 

178 

53 

4,677 

990 
1.186 

720 
1,156 

444 

393 

126 

83 

35 

1,480 

391 

532 

192 

74 

291 

56 
42 
131 
246 
118 
55 
252 

68 
1.796 



Cases to 

immigration judge, 
not interviewed 



8,718 

4 
20 
64 

6 
36 

7 
10 

4 

405 
36 
99 
6 
80 
8 
413 
16 

469 

10 

2 

53 

73 

2,893 

26 

168 

320 

166 
9 
4 
5 

36 
3 
1 

11 
24 
22 
2,086 
86 
128 
115 
60 

44 
8 

43 
5 

90 
32 
29 
17 
12 



Cases to 

immigration judge, 

interviewed 



35,632 

70 
163 
869 

23 
150 
146 

47 

74 

2,581 
264 
240 

42 
157 

46 
435 
129 

3,897 

354 

45 

273 

449 

8,765 

67 

754 

1,803 

1,180 
212 

44 
36 
123 
79 
75 

126 
341 
141 

3,228 
843 

1,050 
882 
734 

97 

356 

219 

99 

22 

1,268 

439 

373 

300 

151 

5 

65 
48 
87 

100 
42 
56 

321 



The total number of cases pending at the beginning of fiscal year 1995 is lower than the 424,458 reported at the end of fiscal year 1994 because of corrections to 
the data base. ' The number of cases granted divided by the sum of: cases granted; denied; and referred to an immigration judge following an interview. See 
Asylum section of text. ' Some pending cases filed by persons from the former Soviet Union were recoded under the new Soviet republics. ' Data for Yugoslavia 
exclude Bosnia-Herzegovina and CroaUa (see Nouce page). - Represents zero. 

87 



TABLE 30. ASYLUM CASES FILED WITH INS ASYLUM OFFICERS BY 

ASYLUM OFFICE AND STATE OF RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1995 



Asylum office and 

slate 

of residence 



Cases pending 
beginning 
of year ' 



Cases filed 
during 
year 



Cases 
reopened 
during year 



Cases 

granted 

during year 



Percent 
approved : 



Total 

Asylum office: 

Arlington 

Chicago 

Houston 

Los Angeles 

Miami 

Newark 

New York 

San Francisco 

State: 

Alabama 

Alaska 

Arizona 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut 

Delaware 

District of Columbia 
Florida 

Georgia 

Hawaii 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Kentucky 

Louisiana 

Maine 

Maryland 

Massachusetts 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi 

Missouri 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire 

New Jersey 

New Mexico 

New York 

North Carolina 

North Dakota 

Ohio 

Oklahoma 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania 

Rhode Island 

South Carolina 

South Dakota 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah 

Vermont 

Virginia 

Washington 

West Virginia 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming 

Guam 

Puerto Rico 

Virgin Islands 



422,105 



29,726 
13,008 
7,050 
145,070 
66,657 
74,673 
57,806 
28,115 



504 

400 
1,121 

444 
161,177 

967 

2,295 

1,582 

3.560 

66,037 

4,022 
251 
161 

3,272 
392 
633 
623 
380 
256 
112 

8,280 
8,486 
3,943 
1,115 
82 

365 

19 

1,610 

2,301 

111 

17,772 

89 

96,214 

3,003 

5 

1,346 

215 

2,979 

3,644 

2,644 

291 

77 

460 

5.101 

342 

53 

10,917 

1,634 

35 

223 

22 

81 
194 
263 



149,065 



14,107 
3,359 
4,056 
57,797 
13,515 
20,866 
26,085 
9,280 



169 

79 

484 

489 

64,400 

323 

592 

457 

1,998 

12,977 

2,112 

26 

38 

989 

114 

223 

317 

95 

75 

49 

3,448 

4,418 

561 

429 

19 

109 

5 

454 

744 

33 

6,826 

25 

33,350 

1,066 

1 

260 

61 

426 

633 

446 

145 

15 

247 

2,802 

130 

9 

5,416 

752 

4 

76 

3 

11 
42 
93 



5399 



556 
200 
172 
2,260 
525 
553 
591 
542 



9 
10 
31 
15 
2,604 
16 

7 

21 

74 

503 

52 
1 
2 

78 
7 
9 
6 
8 

14 
1 

130 

48 
28 
18 
1 
12 

19 

36 

1 

153 
2 



21 

7 

35 

28 

8 

4 

1 

11 

105 

10 

240 

47 

1 

7 

4 
10 
3 



12,454 



2,071 
848 
476 
2,767 
1,259 
1,281 
1,625 
2,127 



5 

12 

69 

9 

4,347 

65 

49 

5 

288 

1,261 

100 

7 

6 

338 

49 

15 

23 

8 

41 

5 

691 

133 

163 

105 

5 

33 

3 

27 

50 

4 

290 

10 

2,289 

128 

65 

22 

160 

140 

17 

18 

6 

47 

262 

35 

792 
188 

4 
41 

2 

14 
6 

2 



7 
11 
31 

4 
16 
21 
15 

3 
41 
22 

14 
16 
27 
23 
36 
22 
30 
23 
31 
18 

37 
16 
25 
45 
22 
34 
50 
16 
13 
27 

10 
30 
20 

17 
NA 
27 
39 
38 
27 
14 

17 
40 
32 
27 
30 

34 
39 
33 
37 
67 

48 

25 

5 



See footnotes at end of table. 



TABLE 30. ASYLUM CASES FILED WITH EMS ASYLUM OFFICERS BY 

ASYLUM OFFICE AND STATE OF RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1995— Continued 



Asylum office and 


Cases 


Individuals 


Cases 


Cases to 


Cases to 


Cases 


state 


denied 


denied asylum 


otherwise closed 


immigration judge. 


immigration judge. 


pending 


of residence 


during year 


during year 


during year 


not interviewed 


interviewed 


end of year 




14,091 


17356 


37,147 


8,718 


35,632 


464,121 


Asylum office: 




Arlington 


1,549 


1,931 


3,539 


526 


3,021 


33,229 


Chicago 


1,326 


1,777 


912 


112 


997 


12,221 


Houston 


483 


616 


360 


10 


963 


8.854 


Los Angeles 


5,905 


7,053 


15,260 


3,465 


13,536 


162,335 


Miami 


1,745 


2,209 


5,686 


1,556 


2,786 


67,298 


Newark 


1,020 


1,230 


4,819 


1.566 


7,413 


79,541 




98 


131 


5,397 


1,352 


4,712 


70,729 




1,965 


2,409 


1,174 


131 


2,204 


29,914 


State: 












Alabama 


8 


12 


30 


13 


59 


560 


Alaska 


45 


47 


46 




55 


323 


Arizona 


58 


80 


73 


24 


94 


1,297 




11 


14 


40 


1 


183 


690 


California 


7,348 


8,804 


15,513 


3,517 


14,827 


180,506 


Colorado 


56 


69 


68 


4 


196 


906 


Connecticut 


12 


22 


131 


68 


260 


2,367 


Delaware 


3 


3 


89 


92 


167 


1,687 


District of Columbia ... 


202 


234 


316 


26 


216 


4,528 


Florida 


1,709 


2,169 


5,177 


1,532 


2,744 


66,745 


Georgia 


48 


66 


449 


167 


559 


4,821 


Hawaii 


22 


41 


4 




15 


229 


Idaho 


4 


4 


9 


1 


12 


167 




844 


1,077 


379 


28 


319 


2,375 


Indiana 


50 


60 


20 


1 


36 


351 


Iowa 


24 


27 


27 


4 


30 


757 




18 
16 


24 
27 


54 
8 


4 
2 


35 
11 


806 




433 




49 
1 

579 


65 
1 

719 


23 

5 

750 


1 

65 


44 
22 

602 


177 




128 


Maryland 


9,061 




33 
167 


46 
240 


135 
383 


104 

41 


667 
314 


11,845 




3,439 




51 


82 
18 


55 
13 


9 


77 
7 


1,253 




65 




35 


52 


22 
3 


3 


29 
3 


353 




15 




46 

47 

1 


47 

68 

1 


63 
176 

2 


12 
16 
5 


95 

302 

10 


1,829 




2,459 




122 






329 


1,588 


589 


2,349 


19,558 




10 


13 


6 




13 


75 




817 
17 

93 


951 

25 

142 


8,104 
839 

94 


1,995 
127 

9 


8,195 
599 

80 


108,234 




2,361 




6 


Ohio 


1,268 


Oklahoma 


11 


21 


14 


1 


23 


207 


Oregon 


95 


110 


201 


12 


169 


2,775 


Pennsylvania 


57 


74 


146 


46 


331 


3,562 




4 
3 


4 
3 


22 
79 


20 
13 


103 
86 


2,927 




238 




6 
16 


8 
30 


2 
44 


1 
2 


3 
86 


74 




517 


Texas 


322 


407 


253 


7 


394 


6,690 


Utah 


29 


38 


25 
3 


1 


53 
9 


331 


Vermont 


50 


Virginia 


668 


839 


1,211 


132 


888 


12,693 


Washington 


113 


140 


106 


11 


184 


1,791 




6 


8 


3 




2 


24 


Wisconsin 


38 


58 


31 


4 


33 


154 


Wyoming 










1 


22 


Guam 


4 


4 


9 




11 


54 




9 


12 


108 


2 


9 


102 


Virgin Islands 


18 


21 


196 


6 


21 


114 



1 The total number of applications pending at the beginning of fiscal year 1995 is lower than the 424,458 reported at the end of fiscal year 1994 because of 
corrections to the data base. ! The number of cases granted divided by the sum of: cases granted; denied; and referred to an immigrauon judge following an 
interview. See Asylum section of text. - Represents zero. N A Not available. 

89 



TABLE 31. REFUGEES AND ASYLEES GRANTED LAWFUL PERMANENT 

RESIDENT STATUS BY ENACTMENT 

FISCAL YEARS 1946-95 



Enactment 



Total 



1946-50 



1951-60 



1961-70 



1971-80 



Total 

Presidential Directive of 12/22/45 

Displaced Persons Act of 6/25/48 

Orphan Act of 7/29/53 

Refugee Relief Act of 8/7/53 

Refugee-Escapee Act of 9/11/57 

Hungarian Refugee Act of 7/25/58 

Azores & Netherlands Refugee Act of 

7/25/58 

Refugee Relatives Act of 9/22/59 

Fair Share Refugee Act of 7/14/60 

Refugee Conditional Entrants Act of 10/3/65 

Cuban Refugee Act of 1 1/2/66 

Indochinese Refugee Act of 10/28/77 

Refugee Parolee Act of 10/5/78 

Refugee Act of 1980, 3/17/80 

Refugees 

Asylees 



3,091,185 

40,324 

409,696 

466 

189,025 

29,462 

30,752 

22,213 

1,820 

19,800 

142,103 

529,686 

175,157 

139,275 

1361,406 

1,258,805 
102,601 



213347 

40,324 

173,023 

X 

X 

X 



492371 

X 

236,669 

466 

188,993 

24,263 

30,491 

10,057 

1,432 

X 

X 

X 
X 
X 
X 

X 
X 



212,843 

X 

4 

X 

28 

5,199 

258 

12,156 

388 

19,714 

39,149 

135,947 
X 
X 
X 
X 
X 



539,447 

X 
X 
X 

2 
X 



X 
X 

82 
102,625 

252,119 

137,309 

46,058 

1350 

X 

1,250 



1,013,620 

X 
X 
X 

2 
X 



X 
X 

3 
329 

105,898 
37,752 
92,971 
776,664 
734,259 
42,405 



619357 

X 
X 
X 
X 
X 



X 
X 

1 

X 

35,722 

96 

246 

583,492 

524,546 
58,946 



NOTE: See Glossary for fiscal year definitions, 
immigrant status. 
X Not applicable. 



Data for fiscal years 1987-88 have been adjusted. The data no longer include Cuban/Haitian entrants granted 



90 



TABLE 32. REFUGEES AND ASYLEES GRANTED LAWFUL PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUS 

BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 

FISCAL YEARS 1946-95 



Region and country 
of birth 



Total' 



1946-50 



AU countries 



Europe 

Albania 

Austria 

Bulgaria 

Czechoslovakia 

Estonia 

Germany 

Greece 

Hungary 

Italy 

Latvia 

Lithuania 

Netherlands 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Soviet Union, former 

Russia 

Ukraine 

Uzbekistan 

Other republics 

Unknown republic .. 

Spain 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

Afghanistan 

Cambodia 

China 1 

Hong Kong 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Iraq 



Korea 

Laos 

Syria 

Thailand ... 

Turkey 

Vietnam .... 
Other Asia 



Africa 

Egypt 

Ethiopia 

Other Africa 



Oceania 

North America 

Cuba 

El Salvador 

Nicaragua 

Other North America 



South America 

Chile 

Colombia 

Peru 

Venezuela 

Other South America 

Unknown or not reported 



3,091,185 

1,211,572 

6,997 
17,445 
6,930 
37,903 
11,837 

101,687 
31,473 
76,361 
63,598 
40,115 
28,220 
17,638 

209,847 

5,076 

74,697 

370,448 

27,500 

51,280 

8,944 

32,147 

250,577 
10,685 
89,942 
10,673 

1,221,247 

32,185 
127,681 
43,573 

9,076 
17,923 
65,236 
22,699 

4,544 

4,627 
196,200 

4,742 
48,911 

7,026 

614,588 

22,236 

61,174 

8,828 
35,223 
17,123 

292 

591,209 

550,275 
4,790 
26,117 
10,027 

5,552 

1,049 

235 

570 

321 

2,669 

139 



213347 

211,983 

29 

4,801 

139 

8,449 

7,143 

36,633 

124 

6,086 

642 

21,422 

18,694 

129 

78,529 

12 

4,180 

14,072 

X 

X 

X 

X 

14,072 

1 

9,816 

1,082 

1,106 



118 

3 

4 
603 

59 

20 

8 

12 
7 

163 

3 

1 

159 



492^71 

456,146 

1,409 

11,487 

1,138 

10,719 

4,103 

62,860 

28,568 

55,740 

60,657 

16,783 

8,569 

14,336 

81,323 

3,650 

12.057 

30,059 

X 

X 

X 

X 

30,059 

246 

44,755 

7,687 

33,422 
1 

12,008 
1,076 
8,253 
192 
130 
3,803 
3,116 

119 

15 

1,427 

2 

3,280 

1,768 

1,354 
61 
353 

75 

831 

6 

1 

824 

74 
5 
X 
X 
X 

69 

55 



212,843 

55^35 

1,952 

233 

1,799 

5,709 

16 

665 

586 

4,044 

1.198 

49 

72 

3,134 

3,197 

1,361 

7,158 

871 

X 

X 

X 

X 

871 

4,114 

18,299 

778 

19,895 



5,308 

2,128 

7,658 

58 

119 

554 

1,316 

383 

13 

1,489 

7 

862 

5,486 

5,396 

2 
88 

21 

132,068 

131,557 

1 

3 

507 

123 

4 
X 
X 
X 
119 

15 



539,447 

71,858 

395 

185 

1,238 

3,646 

2 

143 

478 

4.358 

346 

16 

23 

8 

5,882 

21 

6,812 

31,309 

X 

X 

X 

X 

31,309 

5,317 

11,297 

382 

210,683 

542 

7,739 

13,760 

3,468 

222 

364 

6,851 

56 

65 

21,690 

1,336 

1,241 

1,193 

150,266 

1,890 

2,991 

1.473 

1,307 

211 

37 

252,633 

251,514 

45 

36 

1,038 

1,244 

420 
X 
X 
X 

824 

1 



1,013,620 

155312 

353 

424 

1,197 

8,204 

25 

851 

1,408 

4,942 

394 

48 

37 

14 

33,889 

21 

29,798 

72,306 

X 

X 

X 

X 

72,306 

736 

324 

541 

712,092 

22,946 

1 14,064 

7,928 

1,916 

1,385 

46,773 

7,540 

110 

120 

142,964 

2,145 

30,259 

1,896 

324,453 

7,593 

22,149 

426 
18,542 
3,181 

22 

121,840 

113,367 
1,383 
5,590 
1,500 

1,976 

531 

X 

X 

X 

1,445 

29 



127343 

53,195 

1,198 

54 

303 

119 

125 

82 

39 

80 

32 

493 

228 

7 

731 

4 

3,654 

45,900 

8,965 

16,977 

2,475 

11,357 

6,126 

37 

77 

32 

51,783 

2,233 

808 

1,154 

90 

16 

3,875 

1,856 

3 

1 

6,547 

115 

3,724 

79 

30,249 

1,033 

5,944 

35 
3,725 
2,184 

34 

15,926 

11,603 

811 

2,892 

620 

461 

17 
63 
176 
135 
70 



121,434 

54,978 

733 

25 

138 

41 

176 

84 

65 

37 

11 

568 

214 

3 

334 

2 

1,199 

50.756 

10,359 

19,366 

3,211 

12,101 

5,719 

55 

506 

31 

45,768 
1,665 

557 

774 

82 

41 

2,186 

4,400 

4 

3 

4,482 

34 

3,076 

156 

27,318 

990 

6,078 

37 
2,730 
3.311 

23 

14,204 

11,998 
275 
966 
965 

383 

8 
70 
153 
91 
61 



' Includes data for fiscal years 1991 and 1992. not shown separately. 2 Includes People's Republic of China and Taiwan. 

NOTE: See Glossary for fiscal year definitions. Data for fiscal years 1987-88 have been adjusted. The data no longer include Cuban/Haitian entrants granted 
immigrant status. - Represents zero. X Not applicable. 



91 



TABLE 33. REFUGEES AND ASYLEES GRANTED LAWFUL PERMANENT RESD3ENT STATUS BY AGE AND SEX 

FISCAL YEARS 1988-95 



Age and sex 



1989 



1990 



1991 



1992 



1993 



1994 



Total 

Under 5 years 

5-9 years 

10-14 years 

15-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over ... 
Unknown age 

Male , 

Under 5 years 

5-9 years 

10-14 years 

15-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over ... 
Unknown age 

Female 

Under 5 years 

5-9 years 

10-14 years 

15-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over ... 
Unknown age 

Unknown sex 

Percent distribution . 

Male 

Female 

Unknown 

Median age 

Male 

Female 



81,719 

3,914 

7,913 

7,686 

9,841 

9,673 

9,228 

8,796 

6,979 

5,004 

3,587 

2,644 

2,001 

1,509 

1,252 

788 

501 

391 

12 

45,148 

2,038 

4,170 

4,162 

5,748 

5,619 

5,114 

4,941 

3,940 

2,798 

2,035 

1,476 

1,083 

764 

578 

325 

201 

150 

6 

36371 

1.876 

3,743 

3,524 

4,093 

4,054 

4,114 

3,855 

3,039 

2,206 

1,552 

1,168 

918 

745 

674 

463 

300 

241 

6 



100.0 

55.2 
44.8 

26.0 

25.8 
26.2 



84,288 

4,712 

8,933 

8,425 

9,426 

9,279 

9,333 

8,675 

7,381 

5,155 

3,397 

2,719 

1,955 

1,705 

1,485 

755 

529 

395 

29 

45348 

2,424 

4,700 

4,496 

5,432 

5,168 

5,108 

4,575 

3,981 

2,820 

1,957 

1,462 

1,035 

795 

658 

344 

211 

164 

18 

38,922 

2,284 

4,232 

3,928 

3,991 

4,109 

4,225 

4,099 

3,398 

2,334 

1,440 

1,257 

919 

910 

827 

411 

316 

231 

11 

18 

100.0 

53.8 
46.2 

25.7 
25.4 
26.1 



97364 

5,315 

9,662 

8,839 

10,237 

10,067 

10,831 

10,250 

8,764 

6,527 

4,032 

3,360 

2,611 

2,309 

2,090 

1,144 

734 

569 

23 

51,843 

2,794 

5,057 

4,718 

5,835 

5,748 

5,884 

5,281 

4.629 

3,507 

2,213 

1,787 

1,382 

1,043 

929 

492 

304 

232 

8 

45,475 

2,514 

4,599 

4,118 

4.398 

4,313 

4,945 

4,962 

4,132 

3,019 

1,816 

1,571 

1,228 

1,265 

1.161 

652 

430 

337 

15 

46 

100.0 

53.2 

46.7 

Z 

27.1 
26.5 

27.8 



139,079 

6,721 
13,578 
12,494 
13,270 
12,859 
14,522 
15,044 
13,275 
10,790 
5,871 
5,148 
3,689 
3,780 
3,782 
2,023 
1,266 
938 
29 

72,189 

3,549 

6,972 

6,595 

7,417 

6,841 

7,690 

7,870 

6,971 

5,714 

3,249 

2,711 

1,814 

1,594 

1,545 

828 

478 

338 

13 

66,825 

3,169 
6,597 
5,891 
5,843 
6,011 
6,827 
7,170 
6,303 
5,066 
2,619 
2,437 
1,874 
2,186 
2,235 
1,193 
788 
600 
16 

65 

100.0 

51.9 

48.0 

Z 

28.7 
28.1 
29.4 



117,037 

5,760 

11,304 

9,250 

12,224 

13,280 

11,895 

10,738 

9,170 

8,078 

6,130 

5,207 

4,008 

3,481 

3,002 

1,655 

991 

819 

45 

60,583 

3,062 

5,766 

4,913 

6,724 

7.131 

6,381 

5,487 

4,640 

4,079 

3,293 

2,726 

2,037 

1,630 

1,295 

702 

395 

297 

25 

56,415 

2,698 

5,534 

4,336 

5,496 

6,145 

5,506 

5,244 

4,528 

3,998 

2,834 

2,479 

1,970 

1,849 

1,707 

953 

596 

522 

20 

39 

100.0 

51.8 
48.2 

27.8 
27.1 
28.6 



127,343 

5,563 

11,496 

9,971 

11,654 

13,869 

12,094 

10.703 

9,151 

9,068 

7,949 

6,294 

5.491 

4,747 

4,281 

2,443 

1,305 

1,223 

41 

64,885 

2,836 
5,910 
5,122 
6,170 
7,337 
6,518 
5,481 
4,544 
4,280 
4,248 
3.383 
2,699 
2,344 
1,924 
1,072 
535 
457 
25 

62,448 

2,727 
5,584 
4,847 
5,483 
6,531 
5,576 
5.222 
4,606 
4,787 
3,699 
2,911 
2,792 
2,403 
2,357 
1,371 
770 
766 
16 

10 

100.0 

51.0 
49.0 

29.6 

28.8 
30.5 



121,434 

5,181 

10,198 

9,451 

9,596 

13,115 

11,148 

9,978 

8,420 

8,031 

7,827 

5,969 

6,064 

5,053 

4,945 

3,143 

1,649 

1,641 

25 

61,790 

2,660 
5,259 
4,841 
5.067 
6,987 
6,290 
5,415 
4,176 
3,748 
4,019 
3,168 
2,860 
2,421 
2,306 
1.321 
644 
592 
16 

59,633 

2,519 
4,937 
4,608 
4,527 
6,128 
4,857 
4,563 
4,243 
4,282 
3,808 
2,801 
3,204 
2,632 
2,639 
1,822 
1,005 
1,049 
9 

II 

100.0 

50.9 

49.1 

31.0 

29.8 
32.4 



NOTE: Data for fiscal years 1987-88 have been adjusted. The data no longer include Cuban/Haitian entrants granted immigrant status 
go - Represents zero Z Rounds to less than 05 percent. 



TABLE 34. REFUGEES AND ASYLEES GRANTED LAWFUL PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUS 

BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 

FISCAL YEARS 1986-95 



Region and country of birth 


1986 


1987 


1988 


1989 


1990 


19' 1 


1992 


1993 


1994 


1995 




104383 


91,840 


81,719 


84,288 


97364 


139,079 


117,037 


127343 


121,434 


114,664 




11,868 


9,684 


11,418 


18348 


33,111 


62,946 


42,721 


53,195 


54,978 


46,998 


Albania 


43 


44 


66 


55 


64 


75 


539 


1,198 


733 


314 


Bosnia-Herzegovina 


1 


1 


1 


' 


1 


1 


1 


1 


337 


3,818 




134 


117 


129 


126 


178 


311 


562 


303 


138 


105 




1 


1 


9 


8 


6 


34 


315 


493 


568 


387 


Lithuania 


1 


1 


8 


5 


11 


75 


157 


228 


214 


151 


Poland 


3,949 


3,357 


4,242 


3,842 


3,903 


4,205 


1,512 


731 


334 


245 




4,308 


2,959 


3,028 


3,338 


3,186 


4,276 


4,971 


3,654 


1,199 


592 




1,654 


1,242 


1,642 


9,264 


23,186 


51,551 


33,504 


45,900 


50,756 


40,120 




X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


8,965 


10,359 


8,176 




X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


16,977 


19,366 


14,937 


Uzbekistan 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


2,475 


3,211 


3,258 


Other republics 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


11,357 


12,101 


8,689 


Unknown republic 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


6,126 


5,719 


5,060 




32 


34 


26 


23 


23 


66 


58 


77 


169 


926 




1,746 


1,929 


2,268 


1,687 


2,554 


2,353 


1,103 


611 


530 


340 




58,685 


52,600 


56,006 


56,751 


51,867 


49,762 


53,422 


51,783 


45,768 


43314 




2,600 


2,141 


2,597 


2,606 


2,144 


2.100 


2,082 


2,233 


1,665 


616 


Burma 


2 




1 


3 


2 


16 


19 


78 


114 


136 




13,300 


12.206 


9,255 


5.648 


4,719 


2,550 


1,695 


808 


557 


268 


China, People's Republic 


618 


540 


588 


500 


330 


620 


884 


1,153 


774 


803 


India 


35 


22 


35 


27 


14 


47 


34 


103 


133 


323 


Iran 


6,022 


5,559 


6,895 


8,167 


8,649 


8,515 


3,093 


3,875 


2,186 


1,245 


Iraq 


367 


310 


268 


191 


141 


193 


365 


1,856 


4,400 


3,848 


Laos 


7,556 


6,560 


10,348 


12,033 


9,824 


9,127 


8.026 


6,547 


4,482 


3,364 


Pakistan 


68 


65 


101 


142 


157 


166 


129 


185 


181 


197 




1 
23 


6 

34 


4 
67 


13 

273 


15 
393 


33 
252 


19 
96 


24 
115 


75 
34 


126 


Syria 


258 


Thailand 


3,240 


3,751 


3,587 


4,347 


4,077 


3,603 


4,048 


3,724 


3,076 


2,932 


Vietnam 


23,930 


20,617 


21.407 


21,883 


20,537 


21,543 


32.155 


30,249 


27,318 


28.595 




923 
2,547 


789 
1,719 


853 
2,121 


918 
2,269 


865 
2312 


997 
4,731 


111 
4,480 


833 
5,944 


773 
6,078 


603 




7,527 


Ethiopia 


2,102 


1,425 


1,723 


1,784 


1,682 


3,582 


3,268 


3,725 


2,730 


2,006 


Kenya 


4 


4 


18 


17 


31 


32 


42 


42 


98 


165 




2 


7 


6 


7 


26 


42 


25 


239 


851 


855 


Somalia 


14 


15 


20 


33 


38 


282 


330 


885 


1,572 


3,095 


Sudan 


121 


83 


80 


97 


60 


184 


369 


443 


402 


935 


Zaire 


56 


23 


23 


20 


14 


57 


72 


109 


113 


130 




248 
1 


162 
3 


251 
1 


311 
1 


361 


552 
1 


374 
9 


501 
34 


312 
23 


341 




63 




31,086 
30356 


27,677 
26,850 


11,912 
10,907 


6,740 

5,272 


9,910 

7,700 


21317 
8,005 


15,962 
9,969 


15,926 
11,700 


14,204 
12,672 


16,265 




14,888 


Cuba 


30,333 


26,817 


10.846 


5,245 


7,668 


7,953 


9,919 


11,603 


11,998 


12.355 


Haiti 


7 


11 


39 


11 




31 


16 


68 


664 


2.502 




16 
682 

289 
18 


22 
785 

172 
13 


22 
964 

170 
37 


16 
1,416 

198 

33 


32 
2,143 

245 
58 


21 
13,221 

1,249 
296 


34 
5,959 

743 
169 


29 
4,188 

811 
210 


10 
1,507 

275 
131 


31 




1335 




283 


Guatemala 


158 


Honduras 


37 


36 


71 


58 


66 


133 


105 


165 


81 


119 


Nicaragua 


324 


555 


645 


1,075 


1.694 


11,233 


4,668 


2,892 


966 


727 


Other Central America 


14 


9 


41 


52 


80 


310 


274 


110 


54 


48 




48 

195 

49 


42 

155 

46 


41 

260 

66 


52 

175 

38 


67 

264 

63 


91 

320 

46 


34 

442 

74 


38 

461 

63 


25 

383 

70 


42 




497 


Colombia 


102 


Peru 


30 


25 


59 


29 


35 


73 


74 


176 


153 


241 




116 


84 


135 


108 


166 


201 


294 

1 


222 


160 


154 


Born on board ship 


- 


Unknown or not reported 


1 


2 


1 


4 




2 


" 









' Data for Bosnia-Herzegovina are not available separately from Yugoslavia prior to fiscal year 1994; beginning in 1994. data for Yugoslavia exclude Bosnia- 
Herzegovina (see Notice page) NOTE: Data for fiscal years 1987-88 have been adjusted. The data no longer include Cuban/Haitian entrants granted immigrant 
status. - Represents zero. X Not applicable. 

93 



TABLE 35. REFUGEES AND ASYLEES GRANTED LAWFUL PERMANENT RESD3ENT STATUS BY SELECTED 
COUNTRY OF BIRTH AND SELECTED METROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREA OF RESD3ENCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1995 



Metropolitan statistical area ' 



All 
countries 



Afghan- 
istan 



China, 
People's 
Republic 



Ethiopia 



Iraq 



Total 

New York, NY 

Miami, FL 

Orange County, CA 

Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA 

Chicago, IL 

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA 

Washington, DC-MD-VA 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI 

San Diego, CA 

Boston-Lawrence-Lowell-Brockton, MA 

San Francisco, CA 

San Jose, CA 

Philadelphia, PA-NJ 

Atlanta, GA 

Detroit, MI 

Sacramento, CA 

Houston, TX 

Oakland, CA 

Dallas, TX 

Portland-Vancouver, OR-WA 

Denver, CO 

Baltimore, MD 

St. Louis, MO-IL 

Fresno, CA 

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL .... 

Cleveland-Lorain-Elyria, OH 

Fort Lauderdale, FL 

Rochester, NY 

Nashville, TN 

Fort Worth-Arlington, TX 

Milwaukee-Waukesha, WI 

Stockton-Lodi, CA 

Riverside-San Bernardino, CA 

Newark, NJ 

Hartford, CT 

Phoenix-Mesa, AZ 

Springfield, MA 

Jacksonville, FL 

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton, FL 

Jersey City, NJ 

Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill, NC-SC .... 

Des Moines, IA 

Tacoma, WA 

Grand Rapids-Muskegon-Holland, MI 

Kansas City. MO-KS 

Las Vegas, NV 

Salt Lake City-Ogden, UT 

Columbus, OH 

Louisville, KY-IN 

Lincoln, NE 

Other MSA 

Non-MSA 

Unknown 



114,664 

17,483 
11,058 
5,702 
5,226 
4,920 
3,363 
3,342 
3,329 
3,126 
2,827 

2,825 
2,683 
2,531 
2,520 
2,143 
1,575 
1,533 
1,442 
1.333 
1,118 

1,106 
1,017 
1,015 
969 
918 
904 
716 
688 
663 
658 

640 
610 
566 
550 
520 
500 
498 
450 
436 
434 

432 
431 
413 
405 
399 
388 
379 
375 
344 
338 

14,456 

2,366 



616 

159 

34 
29 

1 
102 

5 
21 

5 

11 

2 
12 

2 

3 

119 

1 

3 



803 

444 
6 
7 

68 

10 
4 

21 
4 
1 

14 



12355 

106 

9,727 

27 

157 

45 

6 

43 

7 

10 
38 

39 
8 
18 

15 
3 
7 

14 
7 

17 
1 



9 

3 

328 

1 
197 
60 



2 

2 

3 

96 

3 
7 

22 
163 
273 

8 
1 
1 
3 
19 



498 
165 



2,006 

10 
4 
4 

51 

41 
265 
362 
110 
107 

24 

21 
51 
34 
119 

5 
50 
60 
42 
23 



6 

11 

3 

4 

50 

2 

112 



203 
16 



2,502 

98 
321 



4 
10 
20 
60 
15 
30 
182 



109 
13 
3 



70 

3 

250 

5 

91 
5 



3 
46 
39 
2 
26 
114 
116 
69 



1,245 

105 

3 

46 

610 

32 

7 
56 

8 
15 

4 

12 
52 

11 
2 
6 
19 
22 
18 
4 

2 
9 
2 

2 
5 
2 



3,848 

25 

41 

50 

450 

117 

80 

18 

559 

40 

33 
11 

7 

48 

1,099 

2 
15 

103 
5 

3 

2 
71 

1 
18 
22 

18 
151 
13 

10 
31 
6 

22 
85 

28 

1 



1 


10 


2 


4 




29 


1 


14 


5 


31 




32 


136 


491 


18 


51 



See footnotes at end of table 



94 



TABLE 35. REFUGEES AND ASYLEES GRANTED LAWFUL PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUS BY SELECTED 

COUNTRY OF BIRTH AND SELECTED METROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREA OF RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1995— Continued 



Metropolitan statistical area ' 



Nicaragua 



Soviet 
Union 



Yugoslavia 



Total 

New York, NY 

Miami, FL 

Orange County, CA 

Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA 

Chicago, IL 

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA 

Washington, DC-MD-VA 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI 

San Diego, CA 

Boston-Lawrence-Lowell-Brockton, MA 

San Francisco, CA 

San Jose, CA 

Philadelphia, PA-NJ 

Atlanta, GA 

Detroit, MI 

Sacramento, CA 

Houston, TX 

Oakland, CA 

Dallas, TX 

Portland-Vancouver, OR-WA 

Denver, CO 

Baltimore, MD 

St. Louis, MO-IL 

Fresno, CA 

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL .... 

Cleveland-Lorain-Elyria, OH 

Fort Lauderdale, FL 

Rochester, NY 

Nashville, TN 

Fort Worth-Arlington. TX 

Milwaukee-Waukesha, WI 

Stockton-Lodi, CA 

Riverside-San Bernardino, CA 

Newark, NJ 

Hartford, CT 

Phoenix-Mesa, AZ 

Springfield, MA 

Jacksonville, FL 

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton, FL 

Jersey City, NJ 

Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill, NC-SC .... 

Des Moines, IA 

Tacoma, WA 

Grand Rapids-Muskegon-Holland, MI 

Kansas City, MO-KS 

Las Vegas, NV 

Salt Lake City-Ogden, UT 

Columbus, OH 

Louisville, KY-IN 

Lincoln, NE 

Other MSA 

Non-MSA 

Unknown 



115 

2 

4 
26 

2 
135 
86 

6 
17 

2 

2 
91 

7 
10 

1 
45 
14 
26 

2 
27 



151 
13 



7 
328 

9 
81 

3 

1 
49 

7 
1 

62 
15 

2 

3 

8 

20 

1 



3,095 

21 

21 
10 
25 
302 
375 
410 
556 
155 

72 

31 

258 

3 

1 

26 

14 

20 

20 

29 
4 
36 
18 



4 
145 

23 



51 

14 

1 
26 

4 
II 

1 
13 

245 
108 



40,120 

15,101 

169 

116 

2,202 

2,762 

1,156 

332 

576 

342 

1,241 

2,049 
391 

1,592 
464 
457 
830 
79 
244 
191 
407 

532 

857 

200 

56 

54 

770 

82 

338 

23 

21 

293 
2 

44 
299 
295 

27 
373 
154 

56 

29 

43 
24 

100 
37 

106 
16 
69 

155 

137 
40 

3,783 

403 

1 



248 
30 



2,932 

4 

17 
22 

9 
45 

2 

633 

42 

24 

6 
2 

12 
I 

62 

169 

2 

25 
6 
2 

9 
I 

373 
6 
5 



121 

214 
10 



874 
214 



28,595 

182 

3 

5,242 

1,512 

302 
1,121 
1,305 

468 
1,094 

791 

235 

1,830 

469 

1,254 

47 

266 

1,041 

655 

735 

539 

346 

71 

215 

23 

322 

20 

53 

122 

122 

498 

15 
139 
409 
21 
80 
204 
68 
49 
36 



151 
287 
244 
128 

27 
193 

36 
117 
246 



4,744 

286 

2 

7 

73 

715 
49 
40 
73 
81 

131 

104 

68 

67 

184 

258 

18 

54 

5 



19 

7 
359 

3 

68 
34 
24 
77 
20 
48 

34 
9 
3 
20 
25 
78 
9 
39 
27 
3 

40 
177 



19 
62 

29 

2 

946 
173 



Ranked by the number of refugees and asylees. See Glossary for definition of metropolitan statistical area. 
■ Represent zero. 



95 



TABLE 36. REFUGEES AND ASYLEES GRANTED LAWFUL PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUS 

BY STATE OF RESDDENCE 
FISCAL YEARS 1986-95 



State of residence 


1986 


1987 


1988 


1989 


1990 


1991 


1992 


1993 


1994 


1995 


Total 


104383 


91,840 


81,719 


84,2X8 


97364 


139,079 


117,037 


127343 


121,434 


114,664 


Alabama 


308 


236 


230 


182 


127 


136 


94 


118 


106 


67 


Alaska 


53 


44 


33 


41 


27 


72 


56 


62 


47 


20 


Arizona 


764 


633 


593 


655 


682 


890 


608 


973 


708 


628 


Arkansas 


268 


150 


194 


190 


76 


122 


99 


150 


111 


91 


California 


32,680 


23.907 


27,423 


36,136 


38,507 


45,594 


38,261 


39,516 


29,284 


26,104 


Colorado 


861 


831 


591 


705 


578 


1,342 


1,114 


1,106 


1,186 


1,296 


Connecticut 


974 


1.011 


933 


788 


1,162 


1.767 


1.111 


1.116 


904 


956 


Delaware 


9 


22 


39 


28 


48 


107 


39 


47 


51 


37 




178 
21,886 


139 
25,003 


169 
11,257 


225 
5,750 


295 
9,145 


508 
15.064 


408 
14.035 


355 
14.344 


413 
14,108 


445 


Florida 


14,527 




1,413 


1,475 


1,047 


787 


989 


1,777 


1,467 


1,765 


2,287 


2,672 


Hawaii 


377 


166 


449 


320 


255 


261 


245 


241 


239 


240 


Idaho 


188 


131 


159 


125 


114 


139 


169 


146 


217 


190 


Illinois 


2,769 


2,829 


2,366 


3,231 


3,419 


5,679 


4,411 


3,906 


4,122 


5,060 


Indiana 


272 


209 


229 


113 


130 


433 


248 


457 


463 


424 


Iowa 


148 


495 


534 


331 


467 


544 


445 


654 


467 


733 


Kansas 


514 


221 


530 


991 


291 


508 


691 


623 


655 


473 


Kentucky 


100 


263 


210 


129 


66 


84 


348 


286 


267 


430 


Louisiana 


1,008 


837 


928 


706 


470 


898 


938 


660 


614 


376 


Maine 


335 


242 


119 


137 


165 


281 


141 


131 


127 


135 


Maryland 


1,123 


1,044 


1,062 


1,062 


1,242 


2,148 


2,275 


1,497 


2,774 


2,244 


Massachusetts 


3,016 


3,415 


4,169 


3,758 


4,724 


5,289 


3,461 


4,303 


3,824 


3,639 


Michigan 


1,165 


1,124 


1,071 


1,164 


1,221 


2,384 


1,916 


2,596 


2,594 


2,979 


Minnesota 


2,119 


2,598 


1,594 


2,251 


2,656 


3,027 


2,338 


2,678 


2,989 


3,635 


Mississippi 


177 


174 


191 


121 


124 


80 


120 


66 


75 


38 


Missouri 


647 


571 


684 


510 


534 


908 


692 


1,029 


1,338 


1,303 


Montana 


24 


20 


43 


23 


9 


131 


61 


61 


42 


15 


Nebraska 


151 


115 


137 


104 


175 


221 


143 


663 


490 


574 


Nevada 


461 


251 


243 


248 


358 


464 


377 


400 


297 


411 


New Hampshire 


84 


153 


113 


120 


139 


189 


227 


155 


144 


185 


New Jersey 


5,489 


1,076 


1,632 


2,335 


1,339 


3,141 


2,603 


3,188 


2,680 


2.058 




112 
6,185 


102 
6,402 


151 
6,259 


133 
6,289 


26 
12,871 


142 
22,105 


166 
14,097 


215 
16,986 


196 
20.846 


179 


New York 


19.721 




446 

111 

1,439 


386 

51 

665 


666 

40 
776 


470 

26 

1,164 


337 

70 

770 


649 

42 

1,375 


684 

49 

2,734 


887 

180 

2,378 


1,162 

311 

2,254 


863 


North Dakota 


138 


Ohio 


1,791 


Oklahoma 


552 


366 


307 


247 


214 


204 


404 


258 


419 


418 


Oregon 


1,143 


887 


881 


912 


1,315 


2,624 


1,746 


2,619 


1,935 


766 


Pennsylvania 


2,055 


1,857 


2,466 


2,343 


2,983 


3.953 


3,827 


3,748 


3.313 


3,125 




702 
95 


576 
80 


476 
124 


469 
62 


395 
67 


635 
130 


488 

74 


385 
150 


321 
120 


287 


South Carolina 


154 




41 

537 


100 
621 


59 
591 


67 
512 


52 
448 


196 
525 


176 
668 


213 
869 


326 

942 


279 


Tennessee 


1,152 


Texas 


5,241 


4,433 


3,495 


2,703 


2,866 


4.911 


3.957 


4,862 


4,576 


4,272 


Utah 


485 


410 


492 


306 


364 


513 


363 


441 


500 


414 


Vermont 


41 


76 


81 


29 


85 


139 


68 


67 


70 


112 




1,772 


1,813 


2 052 


1 808 


1.692 


2,403 


1,891 


1,766 


2,258 


2.054 


Washington 


2,731 


2,841 


2,722 


2,161 


1,605 


2,194 


5,063 


6,018 


6,330 


4,793 


West Virginia 


39 


14 


9 


8 


5 


31 




6 


3 


6 


Wisconsin 


938 


675 


989 


1,251 


1,578 


2.011 


1,302 


1.868 


1,814 


2,052 


Wyoming 


7 


8 


2 




6 


4 


3 


1 


4 


1 


U.S. territories and possessions 






















Guam 


16 


14 


14 




4 


6 


16 


1 




13 




134 


76 
2 


95 


62 


77 


97 
2 


120 


133 


109 


84 


Virgin Islands 


5 


Unknown or not reported 


















2 


■ 


NOTE: Data for fiscal years 1987- 


i8 have been 


adjusted. Th 


e data no Ion 


;er include C 


uban/Haiuan 


entrants gran 


ted immigrar 


t status. 


- Represent* 


zero. 


96 























THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK 



97 



IV. NONIMMIGRANTS/ 
PAROLEES 



A nonimmigrant is an alien admitted to the United States 
for a specified purpose and temporary period but not for 
permanent residence. Although the typical nonimmigrant is 
a tourist who visits for a few days to several months, there 
are numerous classes of nonimmigrant admission, ranging 
from students to ambassadors. A total of 22.6 million 
nonimmigrant admissions were counted during fiscal year 
1995 — the largest number of nonimmigrant admissions to 
the United States in any year. This represents an increase 
of nearly 522,000 (2.4 percent) over 1994. 

Nonimmigrant Admission 

Nonimmigrants were first defined in the Immigration Act 
of 1819, but the Act of 1855 was the first to require the 
reporting of "temporary arrivals" separately. The Act of 
1924 defined several classes of admission that have been 
expanded in subsequent legislation. Though "tourists" 
(temporary visitors for pleasure) have consistently been by 



far the most numerous nonimmigrant class of admission to 
the United States, a wide variety of temporary visitors 
now fall within the nonimmigrant classification. Second 
in volume to tourists are business people coming to the 
United States to engage in commercial transactions 
(though not for employment in this country). 

Other categories of admission make up a much smaller 
share of the nonimmigrant total, such as foreign students 
and temporary workers. Temporary workers are admitted 
to the United States to perform services of an exceptional 
nature (such as athletes or entertainers) or to perform 
temporary services or labor when unemployed persons 
capable of performing such services or labor cannot be 
found in this country (such as agricultural laborers). 
Others who are granted authorization to work temporarily 
in the United States include exchange visitors who enter to 
study, teach, or conduct research; intracompany 
transferees, to render managerial or executive services in 
the United States to international firms or corporations; 
and industrial trainees. Though not strictly considered as 
employed in the United States, treaty traders and treaty 
investors enter temporarily to conduct trade or to invest 
substantially in enterprises under the provisions of treaties 
of commerce and navigation between the United States 



Chart H 
Nonimmigrants Admitted by Region of Last Residence: Selected Fiscal Years 1955-95 



Millions 




1955 



1960 



1965 



1970 



1975 



1981 



1985 



1990 



1995 



98 



Chart I 

Nonimmigrants Admitted as Temporary Workers, Intracompany 

Transferees, and Exchange Visitors from Top Twenty Countries 

of Citizenship: Fiscal Year 1995 




Thousands 



NOTE: China includes People's Republic of China and Taiwan. "Temporary workers and trainees" includes admission classes H, O, P, Q, 
and R (see Nonimmigrant Admission section of text and Table 40). Also, see Glossary for definitions of nonimmigrant classes of admission. 
Source: Table 40. 



99 



Chart J 
Nonimmigrants Admitted as Students and Their Families for Top Ten Countries of 

Citizenship: Fiscal Year 1995 




5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 



NOTE: China includes People's Republic of China and Taiwan. Source: Table 38. 



and foreign states. 

Nonimmigrants also include several types of temporary 
visitors who are connected in some way with a foreign 
government or who represent an international organization. 
Ambassadors, public ministers, diplomats, and consular 
officers serve temporarily in this country, bringing with 
them members of their immediate families as well as 
employees, attendants, and servants. Officers and 
employees of international organizations such as the 
United Nations add to the list of nonimmigrant visitors 
entering the United States each year. The Glossary 
contains a detailed definition of nonimmigrants, a listing of 
each of the nonimmigrant classes of admission, and a 
detailed definition of each class. 

The U.S. government has an "open door" policy for most 
nonimmigrant classes of admission. There are no 
restrictions on the total number of admissions each year; 
indeed, tourists (the majority of nonimmigrants) are 
encouraged to visit as a boon to the U.S. economy. 
Regulations govern such areas as the grounds for 
nonimmigrant admission, length and extension of stay, 



employment in the United States, accompaniment by 
family members, travel restrictions within the United 
States, and change of admission status. For example, 
ambassadors are allowed to remain in the United States 
for the duration of their service, students to complete their 
studies, visitors for business for a maximum of 6 months 
(plus 6-month extensions), and aliens in transit through 
the United States for not more than 29 days (with no 
extensions). 

Most types of nonimmigrants are not allowed gainful 
employment while in the United States, though exceptions 
may be granted, for example to students and to family 
members of international representatives. On the other 
hand, temporary workers come to the United States 
expressly for purposes of employment. Most 
nonimmigrant aliens may bring immediate family members 
with them; the exception is transit aliens other than foreign 
government officials. Transit aliens and fiance(e)s coming 
to the United States to marry U.S. citizens are the only 
nonimmigrants who are prohibited from changing to 
another nonimmigrant category while in this country. 



100 



The Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA) of 
1986 authorized the establishment of a pilot program that 
permitted certain nonimmigrants from qualified countries 
to enter the United States on a temporary basis without 
nonimmigrant visas. The Visa Waiver Pilot Program was 
originally extended only to approved countries that 
offered a reciprocal waiver of visas to U.S. citizens. The 
program is limited to admissions in the visitor for 
pleasure and for business classes of admission, with 
admission not to exceed 90 days. The Immigration Act of 
1990 revised the Visa Waiver Pilot Program and extended 



it through fiscal year 1994; subsequent legislation has 
further extended the program through Fiscal year 1997. 
To date, 25 countries are members of the Visa Waiver 
Pilot Program. Data for the two most recent entrants, 
Argentina and Australia, will be available for the latter 
part of fiscal year 1996. Entries for fiscal year 1994 and 
1995 are shown in Table G for current participant 
countries. A Probationary Program portion of the Visa 
Waiver Pilot Program also was established by the 1990 
Act. Ireland qualified for probationary status and was 
admitted April 1, 1995, until September 30, 1998. 



Table G 
Nonimmigrants Admitted Under the Visa Waiver Pilot Program by Country of Citizenship: 

Fiscal Years 1994-95 



Country of citizenship 



1995 



Visitors for pleasure 



1994 



Change 



Number Percent 



1995 



Visitors for business 



1994 



Change 



Number Percent 



All countries 9,407,254 8,969,404 437,850 4.9 942,538 

Japan 3,771,807 3,493,110 278,697 8.0 215,583 

United Kingdom 1,779,268 1,866,451 -87,183 -4.7 240,060 

Germany 1,226,169 1,152,969 73,200 6.3 115,469 

France 688,899 637,733 51,166 8.0 99,432 

Italy 403,018 427,334 -24,316 -5.7 51,426 

Netherlands 294,452 288,405 6,047 2.1 58,094 

Spain 210,184 195,150 15,034 7.7 20,757 

Switzerland 210,099 194,955 15,144 7.8 18,360 

Belgium 121,351 115,288 6,063 5.3 22,271 

Sweden 114,811 119,910 -5,099 -4.3 36,183 

Austria 109,172 95,021 14,151 14.9 9,431 

New Zealand 73,445 62,571 10,874 17.4 8,380 

Denmark 58,868 59,240 -372 -.6 14,280 

Norway 50,847 53,591 -2,744 -5.1 12,593 

Ireland 1 50,142 XXX 3,547 

Finland 37,818 37,958 -140 -.4 10,526 

Iceland 7,494 6,623 871 13.2 856 

Luxembourg 7,686 6,314 1,372 21.7 541 

Liechtenstein 706 591 115 19.5 56 

Brunei 465 433 32 7.4 74 

Andorra 461 369 92 24.9 40 

Monaco 389 289 100 34.6 14 

San Marino 252 234 18 7.7 13 

Unknown 189,451 154,865 34,586 22.3 4,552 

' Admitted April 1, 1995. NOTE: Data include entries under the Guam Visa Waiver Program. 



786,739 155,799 19.8 



203,479 


12,104 


5.9 


185,791 


54,269 


29.2 


91,937 


23,532 


25.6 


84,176 


15,256 


18.1 


43,619 


7,807 


17.9 


48,865 


9,229 


18.9 


18,187 


2,570 


14.1 


16,487 


1,873 


11.4 


17,033 


5,238 


30.8 


27,644 


8,539 


30.9 


7,755 


1,676 


21.6 


6,696 


1,684 


25.1 


11,618 


2,662 


22.9 


9,530 


3,063 


32.1 


X 


X 


X 


8,403 


2,123 


25.3 


734 


122 


16.6 


482 


59 


12.2 


31 


25 


80.6 


65 


9 


13.8 


21 


19 


90.5 


6 


8 


133.3 


10 


3 


30.0 


4,170 


382 


9.2 


X Not applicable. 







101 



Under the Visa Waiver Pilot Program, certain visitors from 
designated countries may visit Guam for up to 15 days 
without first having to obtain nonimmigrant visitor visas. 
The table below shows the countries participating in this 
program and entries for fiscal year 1995. 



Country of 
citizenship 



Visitors to Guam, FY 1995 



For pleasure For business 



149,141 



120,560 

16,164 

2,369 

1,656 

432 

196 

108 

70 

66 

66 

20 
16 
10 

5 
3 

3 

7,397 



1,115 

916 

47 

53 

4 

32 

4 
2 
4 
10 
2 



1 

1 
2 

37 



Total 

Korea 

Taiwan 

United Kingdom ' 

Japan 

Australia 

Nauru 

Indonesia 

Singapore 

New Zealand 

Malaysia 

Western Samoa 

Papua New Guinea ... 

Burma 

Solomon Islands 

Brunei 

Vanuatu 

Unknown 

' Includes Hong Kong. - Represents zero 



In December 1992, the Presidents of the United States and 
Mexico and the Prime Minister of Canada signed an 
agreement, enacted in December 1993, known as the North 
American Free-Trade Agreement (NAFTA). This law 
superseded the United States-Canada Free-Trade 
Agreement, establishing a special, reciprocal trading 
relationship among the United States, Canada, and Mexico. 
This agreement extended to the citizens of Mexico (with 
certain stipulations) and Canada the nonimmigrant class of 
admission exclusively for business people entering the 
United States to engage in activities at a "professional" 
level. Additionally, the agreement facilitates entry for 
Mexican as well as Canadian citizens seeking temporary 
entry as visitors for business, treaty traders and investors, 
and intracompany transferees. 

Entries under NAFTA began in February 1994. Data for 
fiscal year 1995 are shown for both NAFTA and the 
United States-Canada Free-Trade Agreement in Table 39. 
For a detailed description of the provisions of NAFTA, see 
Appendix 1, Act of December 8, 1993. 



Data Overview 

More than 22.6 million nonimmigrants arrived in the United 
States in fiscal year 1995 (Table 39). Of this total, a large 
majority (77.8 percent) entered as visitors for pleasure 
(tourists), with the next highest class of admission, 
temporary visitors for business, accounting for 14.5 percent. 
About 364,000 foreign students entered the United States to 
pursue a full course of study (predominantly in academic 
institutions) accompanied by more than 3 1 ,000 spouses and 
children. In addition, more than 201,000 persons entered as 
exchange visitors to study, teach, or conduct research in the 
United States, bringing with them more than 39,000 spouses 
and children. 



A record 22.6 million nonimmigrants 

were admitted to the United States 

during 1995. 



More than 184,000 representatives of foreign governments 
(less than 1 percent of total entries) entered the United 
States as nonimmigrants in 1995. This figure consists of 
nearly 104,000 foreign government officials, family 
members, and attendants (including ambassadors, public 
ministers, career diplomats, and consular officers), nearly 
72,000 foreign representatives to international organizations 
(including families and attendants), and nearly 9,000 
officials serving the North Atlantic Treaty Organization 
(NATO) (including family members). 

About 46 percent of all nonimmigrants arriving in 1995 
were citizens of one of four countries: Japan (19.7 percent), 
the United Kingdom (13.4), Germany (8.1), and Mexico 
(5.2). Tourists far outnumbered other classes of entry for 
almost every country of citizenship (Chart K). More than 
89 percent of Japanese nonimmigrants were tourists 
(visitors for pleasure), compared to less than 80 percent of 
citizens of France, and only about 61 percent of Chinese 
(People's Republic of China and Taiwan) (Table 38). 

Just as four countries dominated nonimmigrant admissions 
to the United States in 1995, so did four ports of entry. 
Miami (16.1 percent), New York (15.8), Los Angeles 
(12.1), and Honolulu (9.7) together accounted for more than 
half (54 percent) of all entrants (Table 41). The New York, 
Los Angeles, and Honolulu ports maintained their share in 
1995, while Miami decreased slightly from 1994. 

As noted, the 1995 total of more than 22.6 million 
nonimmigrant arrivals represents an increase of nearly 
522,000 (2.4 percent) from the previous fiscal year. Total 



102 



Chart K 
Nonimmigrants Admitted by Selected Class of Admission from Top Ten Countries of Citizenship: 

Fiscal Year 1995 



Japan 


m////////////////////////////^^^^^^ 


United Kingdom 


^///////////////////////////, 








Germany 


W///////////////A 






Mexico 


m///////A 




France 


W//////A 




Brazil 


W////A 






Korea 
China 


V///A 


■ Visitors for business 
^3 Visitors for pleasure 
□ Other 


Italy 


V///A 










Netherlands 


V//A 



Thousands 



500 1,000 1,500 2,000 2,500 3,000 3,500 4,000 4,500 



NOTE: China includes People's Republic of China and Taiwan. Source: Table 38. 



nonimmigrant admissions numbered about 6.3 million 
during 1975 and steadily increased to about 11.8 million 
in both 1981 and 1982. The number stabilized at about 
9.5 million from 1983 to 1985 (recording a low in 1984) 
then began a steady increase that continued from 1985 
to 1995 (Chart L). 



The overall volume of nonimmigrant arrivals has more 
than tripled since 1975. Temporary visitors (mostly 
tourists) arriving from Japan, the United Kingdom, and 
Germany show the largest absolute increases between 
1975 and 1995 (Table H). Canada does not appear on this 
list and Mexico ranks low because most of the millions of 



Table H 

Nonimmigrants Admitted from Top Fifteen Countries of Last Residence in Fiscal Year 1995, 

Ranked by Amount of Change Since Fiscal Year 1975 

(Numbers in thousands) 



Country of last residence 1995 1975 Change 

All countries 22,641 6,284 16,357 



Country of last residence 



1995 1975 Change 



1. Japan 

2. United Kingdom 

3. Germany 

4. Brazil 

5. France 

6. China 

7. Korea 



4,380 


791 


3,589 


2,857 


483 


2,374 


1,818 


320 


1,498 


847 


99 


748 


919 


174 


745 


614 


20 


594 


612 


20 


592 



8. Italy 

9. Venezuela ... 

10. Netherlands 

11. Switzerland 

12. Australia 

13. Argentina ... 

14. Spain 

15. Mexico 



527 
500 
400 
386 
428 
383 
305 



113 
98 
79 
71 

121 
88 
47 



Other 



1,214 1,977 



414 
402 
321 
315 
307 
295 
258 
-763 



6,451 1,784 4,667 



NOTE: China includes People's Republic of China and Taiwan. "Other" includes unknown and not reported countries 
Source: Table 37 and 1975 Yearbook 



103 



Chart L 
Nonimmigrants Admitted: Fiscal Years 1975-95 




1975 1977 1979 1981 1983 1985 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 

NOTE: Data estimated for last quarter of 1979 and no data available for 
1980. See Glossary for fiscal year definitions. 
Source: Table 37 and previous Yearbooks. 



visitors from these contiguous countries enter under 
expedited procedures and do not require visas or INS Form 
I-94s (Arrival/Departure Record) when entering the United 
States (see section on Data Collection). 

Admissions have a high degree of seasonality, with most 
nonimmigrants arriving in the United States in the summer 
months (peaking in July); there is a lesser but noticeable 
secondary peak in December. The trends for 1992 through 
1995 are illustrated in Chart M. 

Data Collection 

The Nonimmigrant Information System (NIIS) is designed 
to provide for each nonimmigrant a record of legal 
admission and departure. The system also produces 
statistics for such variables as age, country of citizenship, 
class of admission, visa-issuing post, port of entry, and 
destination in the United States. Many nonimmigrants 
enter and leave the United States more than once each year 
and the NIIS system records each entry separately. 

A description of the principal steps in the process of 
nonimmigrant admission to the United States is useful for 



understanding the data produced by the NIIS system. First, 
a nonimmigrant visa is secured at a U.S. Consulate abroad 
(except for those entering under the visa waiver 
program — see Nonimmigrant Admission section). These 
visas may be valid for multiple visits to the United States. 
Prior to departing for the United States, nonimmigrants are 
screened initially by the transportation company to insure 
that their documents are in order. During the trip, INS 
Form 1-94 is distributed to non-U. S. citizens. 

At the port of entry, each arriving nonimmigrant presents a 
visa, which is usually stamped in the passport, and a 
completed Form 1-94 to an immigration inspector. Among 
other actions, the inspector checks the form for 
completeness, determines the length of admission, and 
stamps the class of admission and port of entry on the form. 
The arrival portion is torn off and sent to a central data 
processing facility. The matching departure section of the 
form, usually stapled into the passport, is the 
nonimmigrant's proof of legal admission to the United 
States. This section of Form 1-94, collected at departure, is 
also sent to the data processing facility where it is processed 
and matched electronically to the arrival section of the form. 

The Nonimmigrant Information System also includes 
information on parolees {e.g., entering for humanitarian, 
medical, or legal reasons), withdrawals, stowaways, 
deferred inspections (allowed to enter to appear at an INS 
office where formal inspection can be completed), and 
refugees. Data for these classes of admission are not shown 
in the nonimmigrant tables but are included in summary 
form in footnotes to the appropriate tables. Additionally, 
refugee data are shown in the Refugee section and parolee 
data in the Parole section of the text and tables. 

The Nonimmigrant Information System also does not 
include data for permanent resident aliens returning after 
short visits abroad or for most of the millions of citizens 
of Canada and Mexico who cross the border for brief 
periods of time. Most aliens entering the United States 
from Canada or Mexico do not require documentation in 
the NIIS system. Canadians may travel for business or 
pleasure without travel restrictions for a period of 6 
months without obtaining nonimmigrant visas. Mexicans 
crossing the border frequently may apply for border 
crossing cards which can be used for admission to the 
United States for business or pleasure within 25 miles of 
the Southwestern border for a period not to exceed 72 
hours. 

Limitations of Data 

Development of the current NIIS data base system 
improved the collection and processing of data on 
nonimmigrant arrivals and departures, but caution must 



104 



Chart M 
Nonimmigrants Admitted by Month and Selected Class of Admission: Calendar Years 1992-95 



Thousands 



2,400 - 
2,200 - 








Visitors for pleasure 


J » 


2,000 - 
1,800 - 




■ % 

; % 

a m 




■ » ■ \ 

■ * ■ • 

I » ■ *• 

■ ■ ■ * 


B % 

\ 


1,600 - 
1,400 - 
1,200 - 
1,000 - 


,*' 


1 **. • 
» 


/ 


: - - ; \ / V' v \ / 


1 , 

V 


800 - 










600 - 
400 - 
200 - 

- 


T 


Other 


^; 


Visitors for business 

/ 

— 1 1 1 1 1 1 



Jan. 



July 
1992 



Jan. 



July 
1993 



Jan. 



July 
1994 



Jan. 



July 
1995 



Jan. 



still be exercised in interpreting the data. As mentioned, 
the data system records arrivals via collection of INS Form 
1-94; thus, data represent each arrival event during the year 
rather than the actual number of individuals admitted. 
Nonimmigrants in several classes of admission, especially 
students, intracompany transferees, and visitors for 
business, often enter (and leave) many times in any given 
year. 

Also, changes in the procedures for processing student 
records, whereby certain records were prematurely moved 
off-line and subsequently not included in annual totals, 
resulted in a substantial underreporting in the number of 
student arrivals for 1991 through 1993. These procedures 
have been revised and new student arrival figures 
developed for these years. Tables 37 and 39 reflect revised 
student arrival counts as well as minor differences in 
numbers for other classes of admission and country of last 
residence. 



Finally, there are gaps in the historical nonimmigrant data 
series due to the unavailability of arrival and departure 
records for July to September 1979, all of 1980, and for 
most characteristics for 1981 and 1982. Data for country 
of last residence and class of admission are the only 
variables available for 1981 and 1982. 



Parolees 

The Attorney General has the authority to allow the 
temporary admission of an alien who may appear 
inadmissible but whose entry is deemed to be in the public 
interest or justified on humanitarian grounds. Parole does 
not constitute formal admission to the United States. It 
confers only temporary status, and parolees are required to 
leave when the conditions supporting their admission are 
ended. 



105 



Parolees are processed as nonimmigrants, but their 
numbers are not reported in the nonimmigrant admission 
data. They are usually classified into three main 
categories: deferred inspections, port-of-entry/district 
advance parolees, and humanitarian/public interest 
parolees. In recent years, more than 100,000 parole 
admissions have been authorized annually. 

Deferred inspection is used when an alien does not appear 
to be clearly admissible. The parole is issued and an 
appointment is made for the alien to appear at another INS 
office, where more information is available and the 
inspection can be completed. These cases are usually 
resolved within 2 weeks, and the alien is admitted in the 
appropriate category. Deferred inspection has also been 
used to admit people in special situations. For example, in 
fiscal year 1993 and 1994 more than 12,000 nationals of 
El Salvador were given deferred inspection. Many of 
them were members of the ABC class (see Asylum 
section) admitted to file or renew claims for asylum. 



Parole may also be granted by advance arrangement with 
an INS District Office or, more commonly, at a port of 
entry. About half of all parole admissions are of this type. 
These cases are most common at the land border ports and 
often involve the reentry of permanent resident aliens who 
are not carrying their documents. Again, these cases are 
typically resolved rapidly when the documents are 
produced. 

Within the category of humanitarian parole, people may be 
admitted to receive medical treatment, to take part in legal 
proceedings as witnesses or defendants, or as part of a 
special overseas program. The latter category is the only 
one that may constitute a long-term admission to the 
United States. 

Table I displays the total number of parolees admitted 
from fiscal year 1992 through fiscal year 1995 by the three 
major categories of parole. Within each category, the five 
countries accounting for the largest number of parole 



Table I 
Parolees Admitted by Selected Class of Admission from Top Five Countries of Citizenship: 

Fiscal Years 1992-95 



Class of admission/ 
Country of citizenship 



1992 



1993 



1994 



1995 



All parolees 137,478 

Deferred inspections 18,970 

Mexico 5,568 

Canada 1,046 

El Salvador 548 

United Kingdom 661 

Philippines 546 

Other 10,601 

Port-of-entry & district advance parolees 70,937 

Mexico 12,244 

Canada 3,412 

Philippines 8,078 

Cuba 1,617 

United Kingdom 2,403 

Other 43,183 

Humanitarian, public interest, & 

overseas parolees 47,571 

Cuba 1,600 

Mexico 4,585 

Canada 1,700 

Soviet Union (former) 5,426 

Vietnam 16,998 

Other 17,262 



123,490 

27,819 

6,340 

1,017 

7,893 

686 

641 

11,242 

63,348 
11,548 
3,288 
4,916 
1,402 
2,195 
39,999 

32,323 
3,220 
5,068 
1,677 
2,270 
7,585 

12,503 



111,403 

23,742 

6,255 

884 

4,893 

555 

524 

10,631 

58,824 

11,761 

2,754 

3,664 

3,998 

1,918 

34,729 

28,837 
9,149 
4,974 
1,807 
1,909 
4,824 
6,174 



113,542 

9,311 
1,742 
670 
656 
404 
349 
5,490 

61,019 
15,182 
3,695 
3,118 
3,016 
2,456 
33,552 

43,212 
28,139 
3,454 
2,039 
1,697 
1,477 
6,406 



106 



admissions are shown. Our neighboring countries, Canada 
and Mexico, account for the most parolees in the deferred 
inspections and port-of-entry/district advance categories. 
Parolees from the United Kingdom and the Philippines 
also appear frequently in those categories. 

Table J presents more detail for the same years regarding 
admissions under the humanitarian parole categories. The 
annual numbers admitted have fluctuated according to the 
operations of the special overseas programs that account 
for the majority of admissions in this category. In 1994 
and especially 1995, most of the overseas parolees were 
Cubans under the 1994 migration agreement with Cuba. 
In 1992 and 1993, a total of about 11,000 Haitians were 
admitted to file claims for asylum. Most of the parolees 
from Vietnam, Cambodia, and the former Soviet Union 



arrived under special legislation after being denied 
refugee status. ' These persons are allowed to adjust to 
immigrant status after one year of residence in the United 
States. As the declining numbers from these countries 
show, these admissions are waning. 

About half of the 10,000 humanitarian parolees admitted 
annually for medical and related reasons are from Canada 
and Mexico. The rest come in small numbers from many 
other countries. Likewise, most of the several thousand 
annual admissions under public interest parole for legal 
and related reasons are from Canada and Mexico. 



1 The Foreign Operations Act of November 21, 1989 (see Appendix 1). 
This provision is commonly known as the Lautenberg Amendment. 



Table J 

Parolees Admitted by Selected Category of Humanitarian Parole from Selected 

Countries of Citizenship: Fiscal Years 1992-95 



Category of admission/ 
Country of citizenship 



1992 



1993 



1994 



1995 



All humanitarian parolees 47,571 32,323 28,837 

Overseas parolees & special programs ' 34,378 16,901 16,471 

Cuba 1,600 3,220 9,149 

Soviet Union (former) 5,426 2,270 1,909 

Vietnam 16,998 7,585 4,824 

Haiti 9,199 3,005 212 

Cambodia 998 726 94 

Other 157 95 283 

Humanitarian parolees (medical and 

related reasons) 10,680 10,128 10,335 

Land border countries: 

Mexico 3,542 4,265 4,290 

Canada 1,337 1,177 1,295 

Other countries: 

Pakistan 81 218 472 

India 167 209 344 

China, People's Republic 257 287 381 

Bangladesh 53 65 190 

United Kingdom 288 216 132 

Philippines 683 294 210 

Other 4,272 3,397 3,021 

Public interest parolees (legal and 

related reasons) 2,513 5,294 2,031 

Land border countries: 

Mexico 1,035 796 628 

Canada 359 499 482 

Other countries 1,119 3,999 921 

' Includes parole authorized by an INS overseas office and persons from the same countries with other humanitarian parole codes. 



43,212 

32,262 

28,139 

1,697 

1,477 

415 

57 

477 

8,878 

2,922 
1,369 

433 
259 
256 
249 
198 
185 
3,007 

2,072 

489 
612 
971 



107 



TABLE 37. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED CLASS OF ADMISSION 

AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF LAST RESIDENCE 

SELECTED FISCAL YEARS 1981-95 



Region and country of 
last residence 



All classes ' (in thousands) 



1981 



1985 



1990 ! 



1994 : 



Visitors for pleasure (in thousands) 



1985 



1990 : 



1994 1 



All countries , 

Europe , 

Austria 

Belgium 

Bulgaria 

Czechoslovakia 

Denmark 

Finland 

France 

Germany ' 

Germany, East 

Germany, West 

Greece 

Hungary 

Iceland 

Ireland 

Italy 

Luxembourg 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Soviet Union, former 

Russia 

Ukraine 

Other republics 

Unknown republic 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

Bangladesh 

China' 

Cyprus 

Hong Kong 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Iraq 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Kuwait 

Lebanon 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Saudi Arabia 

Singapore 

Syria 

Thailand 

Turkey 

United Arab Emirates 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Egypt 

Kenya 

Liberia 

Morocco 

See footnotes at end of table 

108 



11,757 

4,537 

58 

118 

1 

5 

62 

42 

441 

754 



66 

13 

11 

102 

264 

5 

217 

84 

41 

33 

6 

10 

X 

X 

X 

X 

144 

174 

183 

1,669 

29 

6 

2,290 

4 
111 

3 
75 
88 
21 
17 

6 
131 
1,372 
17 
77 
15 
26 
33 
28 
100 
57 
27 

8 
21 
18 

6 
35 

225 

34 
6 
6 



9,540 

3,129 

48 
67 
2 
6 
59 
37 
358 

5 

537 

51 

13 

8 

73 

240 

5 

139 

71 

46 

26 

5 

6 

X 

X 

X 

X 

103 

121 

155 

923 

22 

6 

2,627 

4 

183 

5 

101 

85 

32 

40 

2 

115 

1,555 

14 

91 

22 

19 

40 

28 

107 

60 

37 

7 

28 

16 

11 

24 

177 

27 

6 

6 

7 



17,574 

6,875 
108 
137 
7 
16 
105 
107 
742 

7 

1,186 

61 

23 

14 

108 

402 

10 

291 

114 

72 

40 

15 

86 

X 

X 

X 

X 

245 

299 

296 

2,338 

36 

10 

4,937 

6 

329 

7 

176 

125 

47 

18 

6 

175 

3,298 

19 

235 

18 

13 

44 

41 

143 

53 

54 

8 

45 

34 

12 

31 

186 

27 
8 
5 

II 



22,119 

8,646 

156 

199 
10 
36 

111 
70 

860 
1,699 



66 

39 

16 

156 

556 

16 

389 

114 

52 

51 

16 

143 

104 

19 

10 

II 

295 

224 

358 

2,962 

23 

28 

6,286 

13 
567 

8 

205 

140 

66 

12 

1 

203 

3,887 

15 

525 

22 

12 

59 

36 

173 

74 

79 

8 

85 

43 

22 

34 

228 

31 
9 
2 

12 



22,641 

8,777 

170 

203 

9 

53 

111 

70 

919 

1,818 



62 

41 

17 

154 

527 

17 

400 

105 

54 

52 

15 

162 

116 

22 

21 

3 

305 

216 

386 

2,857 

24 

30 

7,000 

13 

614 

9 

223 

155 

74 

11 

1 

215 

4,380 

13 

612 
21 
10 
67 
40 

171 
68 
97 
6 
94 
46 
23 
36 

228 

30 
II 

2 
12 



9,515 

3,601 

49 

91 

1 

3 

45 

31 

341 

618 



37 

10 

9 

88 

189 

4 

165 

50 

34 

23 

3 

4 

X 

X 

X 

X 

109 

135 

150 

1,388 

21 

4 

1,704 

2 
53 

2 
54 
57 
11 
12 

4 

102 

1,155 

8 
29 

8 
16 
21 
18 
60 
27 
19 

5 
12 
II 

3 
18 

130 

21 



6,609 

2,048 

34 
39 
1 
4 
36 
24 
226 

3 

373 

34 

10 

5 

55 

155 

3 

82 

41 

40 

18 

3 

2 

X 

X 

X 

X 

64 

71 

110 

598 

15 

1 

1,866 

2 
83 

2 
64 
52 
19 
33 

1 

80 

1,277 

7 
26 
10 
12 
19 
17 
59 
31 
23 

5 
15 

9 

6 
14 

101 

16 
3 



13,418 

5383 

87 
95 
5 
12 
75 
83 
566 

5 

969 

43 

15 

10 

81 

308 

8 

214 

80 

55 

30 

10 

53 

X 

X 

X 

X 

183 

230 

236 

1,899 

23 

3 

3,830 

4 

187 

4 

111 

75 

28 

16 

4 

128 

2,846 

13 

120 

12 

10 

27 

27 

76 

33 

32 

6 

25 

20 

7 

15 

105 

16 

4 
4 
7 



17,155 

6,944 

132 

153 

4 

25 

79 

48 

686 

1,450 



47 

27 

13 

126 

457 

13 

302 

80 

33 

39 

9 

44 

28 

8 

3 

5 

236 

154 

294 

2,461 

14 



5,023 

9 

353 

5 

145 

67 

37 

10 

Z 

150 

3,506 

9 

361 

13 

8 

34 

23 

87 

47 

47 

6 

52 

24 

12 

20 

138 

17 
5 

1 



TABLE 37. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED CLASS OF ADMISSION 

AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF LAST RESIDENCE 

SELECTED FISCAL YEARS 1981-95— Continued 



Region and country of 


All classes ' (in thousands) 


Visitors for pleasure (in thousands) 


last residence 


1981 


1985 


1990 2 


1994 ! 


1995 2 


1981 


1985 


1990 : 


1994 2 


1995 ' 




54 


44 


22 


18 


17 


25 


25 


11 


10 


10 


Senegal 


3 


3 


5 


6 


6 


1 


1 


2 


3 


3 




61 

52 

379 


40 
45 

365 


40 
67 

679 


84 
65 

609 


85 
66 

611 


45 
23 

315 


26 
22 

282 


26 
34 

562 


60 
34 

478 


59 




35 




478 




230 


255 


466 


433 


428 


188 


195 


380 


334 


327 




5 


6 


6 


6 


6 


4 


4 


4 


4 


4 




109 

34 

2,817 


90 
14 

2,189 


177 
31 

3,245 


126 

45 

3,727 


139 
37 

3,091 


95 

27 

2,480 


74 
9 

1,664 


153 

25 

2,463 


103 

37 

2,763 


115 




31 




2,240 




135 


154 


216 


279 


252 


75 


79 


119 


144 


127 




1,768 


945 


1,348 


1,714 


1,214 


1,634 


773 


1,061 


1,324 


893 




614 


774 


1,231 


1,167 


1,088 


526 


584 


963 


886 


831 


Antigua-Barbuda 


9 


12 


25 


26 


22 


7 


9 


16 


17 


15 




Z 


Z 


14 


22 


24 


Z 


Z 


10 


18 


19 




172 
19 


231 
24 


345 
47 


306 
52 


266 
49 


163 
15 


211 
17 


332 
34 


269 

38 


234 


Barbados 


36 


Bermuda 


4 


8 


8 


7 


7 


3 


5 


6 


5 


5 


British Virgin Islands 


4 


5 


16 


17 


15 


3 


4 


8 


11 


9 


Cayman Islands 


5 


24 


38 


41 


38 


4 


18 


31 


33 


31 


Cuba 


7 


10 


34 


20 


10 


5 


8 


33 


17 


8 


Dominica 


19 


6 


16 


14 


17 


16 


4 


11 


9 


12 


Dominican Republic 


78 


87 


189 


206 


186 


65 


57 


137 


150 


138 


Grenada 


3 


3 


6 


9 


7 


2 


1 


4 


6 


5 




9 


5 


8 


9 


11 


8 


4 


6 


8 


9 


Haiti 


43 


79 


72 


33 


56 


30 


56 


57 


27 


43 


Jamaica 


112 


126 


213 


202 


201 


93 


74 


132 


129 


130 




27 
4 


38 

4 


48 
11 


54 
13 


40 
12 


23 
3 


27 
2 


31 

7 


39 
8 


32 


St. Lucia 


8 




81 


90 


99 


88 


82 


70 


71 


81 


68 


64 




4 


6 


9 


11 


9 


3 


4 


7 


9 


8 




16 
300 

11 


16 
316 

11 


33 
449 

18 


37 
567 

22 


36 
536 

21 


12 

245 

8 


12 

228 

8 


20 
320 

12 


26 
408 

15 


25 




387 


Belize 


15 




43 
39 
83 


58 
50 
71 


86 
66 

124 


125 
88 
144 


123 
87 
135 


36 
33 
74 


41 
38 
53 


62 
46 
91 


91 
63 
108 


91 




63 




99 


Honduras 


47 


55 


80 


65 


60 


32 


37 


52 


39 


37 


Nicaragua 


25 


17 


16 


45 


38 


20 


14 


13 


34 


28 


Panama 


52 


54 


59 


78 


73 


42 


38 


43 


58 


54 




1 

1,449 

227 


Z 

832 

89 


Z 

1343 

175 


Z 

2,203 
406 


1 

2,481 

383 


Z 

1,256 

206 


Z 

606 

66 


Z 

1,016 

136 


Z 

1,718 
338 


1 




1,978 


Argentina 


320 


Bolivia 


23 


17 


21 


28 


25 


18 


10 


14 


19 


16 


Brazil 


201 


200 


393 


633 


847 


164 


148 


300 


507 


710 


Chile 


62 


40 


75 


131 


154 


48 


28 


54 


96 


117 


Colombia 


206 


164 


164 


238 


238 


173 


123 


122 


174 


174 




82 


53 


75 


102 


100 


71 


42 


57 


78 


77 




11 


11 


10 


12 


14 


8 


7 


6 


7 


9 


Paraguay 


8 


6 


9 


16 


19 


6 


3 


6 


12 


14 


Peru 


72 


59 


124 


148 


145 


60 


44 


97 


99 


98 


Surinam 


6 


8 


12 


5 


7 


5 


6 


10 


3 


5 




21 


10 


21 


40 


46 


17 


7 


16 


31 


37 


Venezuela 


530 


173 


264 


445 


500 


481 


122 


199 


353 


400 




Z 

60 


Z 

221 


Z 

308 


Z 

420 


Z 

453 


Z 

30 


Z 

40 


Z 

60 


Z 

91 


Z 


Unknown or not reported 


101 



' Excludes classes of admission processed in the Nonimmigrant Information System in the following years: for all countries — 1985 - 64,487 parolees, 3,239 
withdrawals and stowaways, and 68,044 refugees; 1990 - 90,265 parolees. 19.984 withdrawals and stowaways, and 110,197 refugees; 1994 - 111,403 parolees, 
22,461 withdrawals and stowaways, and 114,471 refugees; 1995 - 113,542 parolees, 21,567 withdrawals and stowaways, and 95,576 refugees. ! Includes arrivals 
under the Visa Waiver Pilot Program. See Nonimmigrant section of text. ' Prior to fiscal year 1982 and after fiscal year 1990, data for East and West Germany are 
included in Germany. 4 Includes People's Republic of China and Taiwan. ' Prior to fiscal year 1985, data for Niue are included in New Zealand. 

NOTE: Totals may not add due to rounding. X Not applicable. Z Less than 500 arrivals. JQO, 



TABLE 38. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED CLASS OF ADMISSION 

AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHD? 

FISCAL YEAR 1995 



Region and country of 
citizenship 



All 
classes ' 



Foreign 
govern- 
ment 
officials ' 



Temporary 

visitors 

for 

business ! 



Temporary 
visitors 

for 
pleasure : 



Transit 
aliens ' 



Treaty 

traders 

and 

investors 



Spouses 

and 
children 

of 
students 



Tempo- 
rary 

workers 
and 

trainees ' 



All countries ............. 

Austria 

Belgium 

Bulgaria 

Czechoslovakia 

Denmark 

Finland 

France 

Germany 

Greece 

Hungary 

Iceland 

Ireland 

Italy 

Luxembourg 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Soviet Union, former 

Russia 

Ukraine 

Other republics 

Unknown republic 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

Bangladesh 

China 6 

Hong Kong 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Kuwait 

Lebanon 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Saudi Arabia 

Singapore 

Thailand 

Turkey 

United Arab Emirates 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Egypt 

Kenya 

Morocco 

Nigeria 

South Africa 

Other Africa 

See footnotes at end of table. 



22,640,539 
9,268,222 

183,298 

194,067 

10,284 

55,283 

121,648 

77,743 

974,672 

1,836,133 

67,484 

41,664 

18,759 

184,450 

591,607 

13,177 

475,135 

110,428 

58,806 

66,653 

16,824 

169,175 

121,665 

22,716 

20,701 

4,093 

333.827 

228.682 

359,725 

3,023,068 

31.232 

24,398 

7,206,553 

15,117 

665,632 

138,426 

200,281 

77,046 

22,333 

221,130 

4,462,541 

18.724 

673,272 

17,761 

17,350 

78,103 

49,742 

198,699 

54,138 

82,767 

94.248 

51,939 

12,680 

54,624 

242,829 

33,984 
9,589 
13,895 
21,021 
77,327 
87,013 



103,606 

31334 

491 
566 
302 

476 

410 

754 

3,523 

3,082 

520 

262 

80 

302 

1,561 

63 

733 

457 

667 

377 

434 

4,108 

2,732 

669 

614 

93 

1,391 

561 

1,063 

8,528 

199 

324 

33,863 

1,224 

972 

27 

844 

1,262 

4 

3,231 

9,974 

941 

2,551 

900 

285 

833 

668 

1,626 

3.042 

1.323 

1,475 

737 

578 

1,366 

6,660 

2,235 
143 
792 
169 
463 

2.858 



3,275^35 

1,402,915 

21,679 

37,702 

1,927 

9,939 

27,368 

18,458 

141,143 

206.973 

9,000 

6,670 

2,284 

26,713 

85.085 

1,343 

91,864 

25,638 

9,669 

10,325 

3,138 

65,105 

53,327 

5,887 

4,551 

1,340 

39,445 

62,301 

40,926 

449,679 

4,045 

4,496 

779,475 

1,576 

164,417 

23,009 

38.221 

11,620 

1,816 

41,306 

251,675 

2.810 

122,234 

2,042 

3,289 

18,891 

6,132 

26,118 

6.119 

21,210 

18,092 

9,397 

1,389 

8.112 

55,460 

7,252 
1,699 
1,813 
6,152 
17,354 
21,190 



17,611,536 

7,313,092 

154,030 

146,895 

4,539 

37,954 

83,555 

51,072 

777,742 

1,551,150 

46,710 

29,409 

14,789 

147,042 

478,304 

11,377 

361,607 

72,836 

38,488 

50,397 

9,135 

56,599 

34,855 

10,553 

9,363 

1,828 

268,833 

147,777 

301,617 

2,436,381 

19,378 

15,476 

5,734,065 

9.099 

407,527 

100.324 

93,383 

45,530 

18,511 

160,666 

4,002,283 

11,649 

465,855 

10,906 

10.945 

45,439 

31,864 

101.197 

36,070 

54,593 

59,348 

29,652 

7,109 

32.115 

140,075 
18.633 
4.649 
9.433 

1 1 .427 
52,125 
43.808 



320333 

54,213 

467 

273 

611 

655 

1,640 

377 

1,920 

2,874 

5,336 

793 

31 

868 

4,089 

25 

2,033 

2,506 

3,489 

2,934 

1,479 

4,764 

3,167 

1,244 

133 

220 

1,072 

1,100 

356 

11,075 

2,565 

881 

120,566 

189 

21,775 

7,185 

7,933 

6.748 

126 

780 

6,957 

269 

15,999 

28 

275 

1,557 

684 

44,612 

331 

633 

2.305 

927 

1,253 

4364 

671 
104 
116 
235 
859 
2,379 



131,777 

47,572 

795 

851 

3 

115 

977 

577 

5,046 

10,386 

38 

5 

1 

203 

3,653 

20 

1,966 

1,085 

6 

11 

1 

36 

22 

3 

10 

1 

1,566 

841 

1,908 

17,364 

91 

27 

77,601 

5 

4,242 

36 

42 

17 

70 

3,892 

60,641 

6 

6.727 

2 

3 

12 

545 

890 

11 

36 

221 

189 

3 

11 

71 
9 

1 
11 

1 

13 
36 



364,220 

76,672 

1,288 

999 

1,006 

987 

1,088 

916 

7,892 

10,853 

2,960 

823 

460 

729 

4,741 

81 

2,522 

2,358 

1,051 

744 

643 

5,009 

3,480 

674 

795 

60 

8,141 

4,325 

5,543 

8,683 

2,111 

719 

211,010 

1,544 

34,030 
5,515 

14.626 

8,930 

522 

1,820 

59,894 
1.425 

36,785 
2,551 
778 
7,404 
3,826 
1,378 
4,155 
2,939 
9,850 
5,650 
2,771 
4.617 

9,853 

1.215 

1.795 

728 

675 

971 

4.469 



31360 

2,846 

32 
44 
69 
49 
30 
61 

233 

272 
47 
42 

149 
12 

107 

80 

75 

53 

37 

127 

461 

326 

65 

55 

15 

118 

71 

166 

386 

74 

51 

22,857 
200 

5,411 
101 

1,112 

351 

73 

210 

2,672 
101 

6.394 

1.006 

30 

573 

259 

56 

2.635 
143 
120 
217 
687 
506 

715 

175 
107 
15 
25 
71 
322 



196,760 

63,447 

992 

1,146 

274 

884 

936 

624 

6.486 

6,340 

796 

532 

127 

1,756 

3,094 

65 

2,893 

999 

1,072 

227 

285 

5,567 

4,324 

520 

610 

113 

2,671 

1.593 

1,252 

21,849 

689 

298 

64,635 

355 

5,092 

917 

24,146 

292 

228 

2,185 

9,804 

330 

2,918 

15 

626 

846 

1,515 

12,562 

98 

496 

418 

785 

3 

1,004 

4,866 
625 
207 
188 
656 
1.858 
1,332 



110 



TABLE 38. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED CLASS OF ADMISSION 

AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHD? 

FISCAL YEAR 1995— Continued 























Spouses 


















Spouses 


Tempo- 


and 






Foreign 


Temporary 


Temporary 




Treaty 






rary 




Region and country of 


All 


govern- 


visitors 


visitors 


Transit 


traders 








citizenship 


classes ' 2 


ment 
officials ' 


for 
business ! 


for 
pleasure 2 


aliens ' 


and 
investors ' 




of 
students 


and 
trainees ' 


workers 

and 
trainees 




594,149 


4,275 


105359 


455,498 


4,920 


525 


2,674 


172 


5,149 


1,151 




414,449 


3,709 


81,164 


309,027 


2,399 


500 


1,905 


110 


3,799 


941 




145,545 
19,598 


404 
14 


22,167 
36 


117,258 
19,429 


467 
18 


21 


551 
12 


40 

1 


1,192 

84 


195 


Pacific Island Trust Territory . 






14,557 


148 


1,992 


9,784 


2,036 


4 


206 


21 


74 


15 




2,778,160 


13,064 


562,603 


1,970,871 


64,341 


3,557 


36,897 


2,126 


43,521 


4,573 




114,219 


421 


24,406 


9,080 


559 


2,705 


11,688 


609 


10,256 


2,258 


Mexico 


1,177,771 


2,646 


256,230 


861,151 


11,464 


573 


11.586 


1,063 


19,180 


1,404 




968,417 


6,513 


177,604 


730,786 


25,912 


86 


9,276 


305 


11,957 


584 


Antigua-Barbuda 


19,505 


151 


5,645 


13,008 


341 


1 


220 


6 


55 


2 




247,462 


866 


24,677 


217,804 


553 


6 


2,877 


98 


228 


50 


Barbados 


45,675 


509 


9,664 


33,978 


711 


1 


368 


12 


149 


25 


Cayman Islands 


22,302 




3,408 


18,542 


63 


2 


270 


3 


3 


1 


Cuba 


10,508 


177 


1,436 


8,242 


106 


3 


10 




68 


5 




14,406 


59 


3,079 


10,316 


471 


1 


157 


8 


210 


20 


Dominican Republic ■ 


186,689 


486 


35,769 


134,501 


11,004 


14 


694 


29 


2,874 


265 


Haiti 


62,269 


2,399 


9,345 


47,799 


1,536 


2 


338 


6 


352 


3 


Jamaica 


202,066 


1,035 


54,423 


130,312 


5,845 


18 


1,880 


59 


7,005 


91 




10,445 
12,272 


135 
78 


3,240 
3,615 


6,541 
7,778 


342 
556 




119 
162 


3 


45 
13 


4 


St. Lucia 


3 


Trinidad & Tobago 


83,699 


394 


13,462 


65,485 


1,566 


7 


1,144 


38 


716 


81 




51,119 


224 


9,841 


36,480 


2,818 


31 


1,037 


43 


239 


34 




517,565 


3,483 


104,337 


369,704 


26,405 


193 


4,346 


149 


2,127 


327 


Belize 


19,246 


99 


4,557 


13,517 


508 




267 


3 


30 


22 




114,916 


303 


23,681 


84,786 


3,229 


90 


680 


41 


420 


99 




89,677 
130,689 


840 
952 


17,937 
27,805 


63.873 
95,425 


4,886 
4.391 


10 
15 


531 

652 


10 

40 


438 

314 


24 


Guatemala 


48 


Honduras 


58.263 


517 


11,717 


35,399 


8,555 


44 


704 


29 


405 


45 


Nicaragua 


39,300 


132 


7,022 


28,246 


2,841 


9 


243 


11 


112 


25 


Panama 


65,474 


640 


11,618 


48,458 


1,995 


25 


1,269 


15 


408 


64 




188 

2,451,277 
381,119 


1 

13,880 

2,132 


26 

356,896 

49,125 


150 

1,922,014 

312,536 


1 

66,568 

4,818 


2,254 
791 


1 

25,619 

2.814 


2,414 

257 


1 

14,623 

2,235 






3,544 


Argentina 


540 


Bolivia 


25,804 


619 


5,327 


16,006 


1,912 


139 


591 


18 


257 


23 


Brazil 


829,198 


2,567 


92,134 


688,741 


15,495 


172 


9,177 


764 


3,615 


1,008 


Chile 


154,488 


1,841 


27,680 


115,397 


4,274 


27 


878 


165 


795 


194 


Colombia 


245,338 


1,819 


48,989 


175,685 


6,739 


813 


3,675 


201 


2,255 


413 


Ecuador 


98,414 


1,038 


16,343 


74,195 


3,215 


18 


1,521 


86 


448 


122 


Guyana 


17,760 


156 


4,730 


11,009 


1,142 




187 


10 


141 


29 


Paraguay 


17,447 


279 


2,724 


12,992 


539 


119 


294 


16 


48 


12 


Peru 


153,475 


924 


23,622 


98,384 


23.981 


26 


1,382 


100 


1,617 


328 


Uruguay 


46,454 


485 


7,018 


35,958 


1,244 


1 


187 


37 


146 


44 


Venezuela 


475,133 


1,972 


77,795 


376,909 


2,476 


92 


4,841 


758 


3,033 


826 




6,647 
21,207 


48 
1 


1,409 
2,390 


4,202 
17,801 


733 
702 


56 
1 


72 
173 


2 
4 


33 
34 


5 


Stateless 


5 




78,142 


629 


10,237 


58,120 


4,659 


196 


1,322 


126 


485 


146 







See footnotes at end of table. 



Ill 



TABLE 38. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED CLASS OF ADMISSION 

AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHD? 

FISCAL YEAR 1995— Continued 







Represen- 




Spouses 






Spouses 




North 




Region and country of 


International 
represen- 


tatives of 
foreign 


Exchange 
visitors 


and 
children of 


ces(ees) 
of U.S. 


Intra- 
company 


children of 
intra- 


NATO 
officials J 


American 
"ree-Trade 


Unknown 




tatives ' 


nformation 
media ! 




exchange 
visitors 


citizens ' 


transferees 


company 
transferees 




Agreement 
workers ' 






71,982 
27,246 


24,220 
13,267 


201,095 
122,458 


39,269 
11,484 


8,561 
2,187 


112,124 
53,094 


61,621 
25,628 


8,579 
7,273 


31,106 


775 




131 




451 


204 


1,681 


163 


7 


676 


228 


7 








1,136 


287 


1,549 


214 


16 


1,066 


661 


401 




1 




238 


66 


847 


178 


25 


27 


16 






3 




291 


179 


3,170 


287 


31 


71 


63 


1 




1 




681 


152 


2,842 


274 


7 


807 


388 


292 








495 


119 


1,970 


245 


9 


1,175 


705 






1 




4,573 


1,024 


11,998 


1,079 


85 


6,601 


4,082 


63 




21 




2,604 


2,642 


21,558 


1,648 


155 


7,893 


3,375 


3,249 


- 


12 




364 


72 


924 


112 


43 


167 


41 


294 




3 




272 


133 


1,941 


370 


18 


108 


56 


4 




2 




103 


3 


446 


143 


3 


49 


33 


1 




1 




533 


210 


4,093 


132 


29 


1,216 


386 


7 


- 


3 


Italy 


1,594 


707 


4,667 


517 


47 


1,950 


748 


399 




5 


Luxembourg 


31 


17 


59 


4 




50 


30 


11 








1,450 


469 


4,063 


336 


45 


2,691 


1,490 


397 




4 




555 


172 


2,110 


264 


13 


608 


293 


317 




4 


Poland 


341 


168 


2,516 


402 


138 


153 


106 


5 




5 


Portugal 


311 


85 


504 


85 


37 


221 


79 


245 




2 




236 


83 


794 


123 


99 


27 


25 


1 




2 


Soviet Union, former 


2,838 


336 


16,657 


1,792 


816 


1,676 


1,127 


7 


- 


15 


Russia 


2,035 


279 


11,303 


1,436 


604 


1,371 


873 


5 




11 


Ukraine 


274 


24 


2,020 


155 


126 


162 


89 






1 


Other republics 


494 


25 


3,175 


168 


47 


115 


138 


2 




1 


Unknown republic 


35 


8 


159 


33 


39 


28 


27 






2 


Spain 


1,100 


561 


5,885 


689 


48 


1,303 


445 


207 




4 


Sweden 


949 


385 


4,307 


330 


36 


2.552 


1.206 


6 




3 


Switzerland 


628 


284 


2,653 


555 


22 


1,683 


799 


11 




2 


United Kingdom 


4,804 


4,661 


22,820 


1,280 


381 


20,210 


9,155 


1,344 




34 


Yugoslavia 


434 


198 


899 


107 


43 


68 


65 


1 




2 




234 


50 


1,505 


155 


34 


46 


26 


3 




1 




14,744 
393 


6,995 

4 


38,746 

244 


19,743 

79 


3,920 

7 


33,772 

23 


22,011 

7 


470 

1 


- 


217 




6 


China 6 


1,031 

57 


417 
41 


5,888 
412 


3.257 
33 


513 

22 


6,759 

444 


2,631 
229 


26 

5 


- 


28 




4 




2,785 
401 
374 
477 

1,582 
232 
529 
167 
354 
391 


99 

98 

13 

133 

4,699 
14 

1,043 

6 

23 

55 


3,311 
945 
126 

2,369 

9,753 
433 

3,636 
42 
410 

1,033 


1,226 
330 
109 

1,537 

5,540 
162 
3,942 
30 
82 
359 


255 
37 
156 

34 
225 

75 

205 

2 

82 

25 


1,854 

183 

57 

843 

19.579 

64 

1,821 

29 

49 

349 


1,192 
220 

44 

648 

14,152 

62 

1.556 

24 

36 

184 


9 
3 

9 
6 
1 
18 

2 




30 




2 




3 




6 




21 




3 




7 




1 




2 








983 

2,360 

143 

146 


26 
66 

4 
40 


1,518 

1,280 

478 

327 


769 
239 
668 
155 


41 

1.364 

3 

7 


167 
745 
130 
361 


120 
307 
201 
227 


14 

2 
2 




40 




25 




1 


Singapore 


1 


Thailand 


300 


61 


1,642 


136 


156 


61 


30 


1 




2 




585 


122 


2,446 


493 


20 


145 


83 


369 




5 




37 
1,417 

8,786 
730 


3 

28 

277 
68 


59 
2,394 

6,585 

1,375 


39 

558 

1,387 

457 


691 

423 

32 


1 
108 

974 

148 


58 

662 

115 


1 

1 

12 

2 


- 






30 




24 


Egypt 






415 


3 


277 


70 


9 


17 


14 






1 


Morocco 


309 


54 


311 


49 


23 


34 


9 


1 




1 


Nigeria 


559 


19 


387 


112 


176 


92 


82 






2 




308 

6,465 


61 

72 


1,304 
2,931 


250 
449 


20 
163 


491 
192 


351 
91 


2 
7 




6 


Other Africa 


14 


See footnotes at end of table 























112 



TABLE 38. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED CLASS OF ADMISSION 

AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 

FISCAL YEAR 1995— Continued 







Represen- 




Spouses 


Fian- 




Spouses 
and 




North 






















Region and country of 
citizenship 


represen- 


foreign 


Exchange 
visitors 


children of 


ces(ees) 
of U.S. 


Intra- 
company 


children of 
intra- 


NATO 
officials ' 


Free -Trade 


Unknown 




tatives ! 


information 
media ' 




exchange 
visitors 


citizens ' 


transferees 


company 
transferees 




Agreement 
workers ' 






1,851 


741 


4,886 


843 


116 


4,119 


1,826 


31 




13 


Australia 


1,230 


625 


3,478 


640 


80 


3,300 


1,505 


27 




10 




511 
3 


104 


1,309 


185 


26 


802 


309 


2 




2 


Pacific Island Trust Territory . 


1 




107 
6,804 


12 
867 


99 
14,659 


18 
2,472 


10 
1359 


17 
11,719 


12 
6,630 


2 
652 


31,106 






339 


Canada 


1,643 


96 


6,308 


834 


418 


7.054 


4,278 


526 


31,052 


28 


Mexico 


1,218 


344 


4,009 


1,110 


371 


3,280 


1,863 


69 


54 


156 




1,984 


301 


1,487 


191 


359 


660 


228 


46 


- 


138 


Antigua-Barbuda 


45 




20 




3 


5 




3 






Bahamas, The 


77 


29 


60 


27 


2 


66 


29 


11 




2 


Barbados 


154 


11 


50 


4 


10 


22 


4 


3 








1 


1 


3 


1 




2 








2 


Cuba 


224 


24 


28 


5 


64 




2 






114 




23 
246 


1 
63 


25 
333 


3 
59 


16 
109 


13 
168 


3 
60 


8 




1 


Dominican Republic ' 


7 


Haiti 


239 


7 


170 


11 


23 


25 


7 


5 




2 


Jamaica 


455 


14 


551 


31 


89 


179 


69 


6 


- 


4 




10 
35 

375 


5 


8 

14 
157 


3 

40 


2 
33 


8 
140 


1 

45 


9 


- 


1 




1 


Trinidad & Tobago 


2 




100 
1,958 

40 


146 
126 

5 


68 
2,849 

155 


7 

337 

4 


8 
211 

1 


32 
724 

32 


8 
261 

6 


1 
11 


■ 


T 




17 


Belize 






434 
365 
326 


41 
29 
15 


653 

525 
437 


110 
23 
95 


29 
33 
25 


238 
90 
103 


79 
52 
38 


2 
1 

4 




1 




10 


Guatemala 


4 


Honduras 


263 


14 


394 


28 


70 


63 


14 


1 




1 


Nicaragua 


273 


4 


316 


25 


7 


25 


8 


- 


- 


1 


Panama 


257 


18 


369 


52 


46 


173 


64 


3 


- 






1 
11,800 


2,004 


6 
12,978 


3,191 


482 


1 
8,192 


4,686 


89 








43 


Argentina 


1,809 


323 


1,411 


468 


15 


1,279 


552 


12 




2 


Bolivia 


533 


12 


257 


38 


9 


30 


33 








Brazil 


2,356 


585 


5,811 


1,268 


153 


3,214 


2,093 


42 




3 


Chile 


1,331 


248 


747 


237 


13 


423 


229 


4 




5 


Colombia 


1.592 


200 


1,215 


217 


154 


903 


446 


6 




16 


Ecuador 


435 


49 


548 


87 


37 


165 


102 


3 




2 


Guyana 


269 


6 


37 


12 


18 


10 


2 


2 






Paraguay 


155 


63 


140 


29 


5 


14 


17 


1 






Peru 


1,679 


125 


568 


145 


52 


365 


164 


4 




9 


Uruguay 


806 


107 


206 


75 


2 


99 


38 


1 






Venezuela 


775 


285 


2,018 


611 


23 


1,689 


1.010 


14 




6 




60 

2 


1 
3 


20 
21 


4 
6 


1 
5 


1 

47 


12 


; 






Stateless 




Unknown 


749 


66 


762 


143 


69 


207 


166 


52 




8 



' Excludes the following classes of admission processed in the Nonimmigrant Information System: for all countries — 1 13,542 parolees; 21.567 withdrawals and 
stowaways; and 95,576 refugees. 2 Includes arrivals under the Visa Waiver Pilot Program See Nonimmigrant section of text. ' Includes spouses and unmarried 
minor (or dependent) children. 4 Includes foreign government officials and their spouses and unmarried minor (or dependent) children in transit. ' Excludes entries 
of workers under the North American Free-Trade Agreement (shown separately). 6 Includes People's Republic of China and Taiwan. A total of 561,743 
nonimmigrant visas were issued in these two countries in fiscal year 1995: 359.501 to Taiwan and 202.242 to People's Republic of China. (SOURCE: U.S. 
Department of State, Bureau of Consular Affairs, Visa Office.) ' Includes minor children of fiances(ees). ' Due to misreporung, reliable counts by country of 
citizenship are not available; therefore, data are presented for country of last residence (see page 10). The number of nonimmigrant visas issued in fiscal year 1995 for 
Dominica was 1,876; the Dominican Republic, 85,138. (SOURCE: U.S. Department of State. Bureau of Consular Affairs, Visa Office.) 

NOTE: See Glossary for detailed descriptions of classes of admission. 

- Represents zero. 



113 



TABLE 39. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY CLASS OF ADMISSION 
SELECTED FISCAL YEARS 1981-95 



Class of admission ' 



1981 



1985 



1990 



1992 : 



1994 



All classes ! 



Foreign government officials and families 

Ambassadors, public ministers, career 
diplomatic or consular officers (Al) 

Other foreign government officials or 
employees (A2) 

Attendants, servants, or personal employees 
of Al and A2 classes (A3) 

Temporary vistors 

For business (Bl) 

Visa Waiver, business 

For pleasure (B2) 

Visa Waiver, pleasure 

Transit aliens 

Aliens in transit (CI) 

Aliens in transit to the U.N. (C2) 

Foreign government officials and families 

in transit (C3) 

Transit without visa (C4) 

Treaty traders and investors and families 

Treaty traders (El) 

Treaty investors (E2 ) 

Students 

Academic students (Fl) 

Vocational students (Ml) 

Spouses and children of students 

Academic students (F2) 

Vocational students (M2) 

Representatives (and families) to 

international organizations 

Principals of recognized foreign 

governments (Gl) 

Other representatives of recognized 

foreign governments (G2) 

Representatives of nonrecognized foreign 

governments (G3) 

International organization officers or 

employees (G4) 

Attendants, servants, or personal 

employees of representatives (G5) 

Temporary workers and trainees ' 

Registered nurses (HI A) ' 

Specialty occupations (H1B) ' 

Performing services unavailable in the 
United States (H2) 

Agricultural workers (H2A) 

Nonagricultural workers (H2B) 

Industrial trainees (H3) 

Workers with extraordinary 

ability/achievement (Ol) ' 

Workers accompanying and assisting in 

performance of Ol workers (02)' 

Internationally recognized athletes or 

entertainers (PI) ' 

See footnotes at end of table. 



11,756,903 
84,710 

NA 
NA 
NA 

10,650,592 

1,135,422 
X 

9,515,170 
X 

214,218 

NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 

80,802 

NA 

NA 

240,805 

NA 

NA 

31,056 

NA 
NA 

54,223 

NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 

44,770 
X 

NA 

NA 
X 
X 

NA 

X 
X 
X 



9,539,880 
90,190 

21,168 

67,084 

1,938 

8,405,409 

1,796,819 
X 

6,608,590 
X 

236,537 

138,957 
1,804 

7,010 
88,766 

96,489 

65,406 
31,083 

257,069 

251,234 

5,835 

28,427 

27,747 

680 

57,203 

8,316 

6,989 

271 

40,397 

1,230 

74,869 
X 

47,322 

24,544 

X 

X 

3,003 

X 

X 

X 



17,574,055 
96,689 

22,018 

72,511 
2,160 

16,079,666 

2,661,338 

294,065 

13,418,328 

4.528,112 

306,156 

153,801 
1,296 

6,190 
144,869 

147,536 

78,658 
68,878 

326,264 

319,467 
6,797 
28,943 

28,490 
453 

61,449 

8,256 

8,110 

376 

43,104 

1,603 

139,587 
X 

100,446 

35.973 
18,219 
17,754 
3.168 

X 

X 

X 



20,910,880 

102.638 
23,519 
77,099 
2,020 

19,229,066 

2,788.069 

527.655 

16,440,997 

7,971,149 

345,930 

168,289 
1,035 

7,581 
169,025 

152,385 
71,796 
80.589 

368,686 

360,964 

7,722 

32,601 

31,988 

613 

69,947 

8,439 



412 

50,674 

1,524 

163,262 

7,176 
110,223 

34,442 
16,390 
18,052 
3,352 

456 

258 

3,548 



21,566,404 
102,121 

23,783 

76,393 

1,945 

19,879,443 

2,961,092 

640.397 

16,918,351 

8,624,006 

331,208 

173,149 

796 

7.923 
149,340 

144,644 

65,362 
79,282 

370,620 

362,700 

7,920 

32,652 

32,103 

549 



72,755 

9,032 

8,962 

362 

52,856 
1,543 

162,976 

6,506 
92,795 

29,475 
14,628 
14,847 
3,126 

3,105 

964 

17,109 



22,118,706 
105,299 

24,237 

79,143 

1,919 

20318,933 

3,164,099 

786,739 

17,154,834 

8,969,404 

330,936 

175,285 

875 

8,359 
146,417 

141,030 

60,196 
80,834 

394,001 

386,157 

7,844 

33,720 

33,071 

649 

74,722 
9,662 

9,344 

352 

53,768 

1,596 

185,988 
6,106 

105,899 

28,872 
13,185 
15,687 
3,075 

5,029 

1,455 
22,500 



114 



TABLE 39. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY CLASS OF ADMISSION 
SELECTED FISCAL YEARS 1981-95— Continued 



Class of admission ' 



Artists or entertainers in reciprocal 
exchange programs (P2) ' 

Artists or entertainers in culturally unique 
programs (P3) ' 

Workers in international cultural exchange 
programs (Ql) ' 

Workers in religious occupations (Rl) ' .... 

Spouses and children of temporary 

workers and trainees ' 

Spouses and children of HI, H2, and H3 
workers (H4) 

Spouses and children of 01 and 02 
workers (03) ' 

Spouses and children of PI, P2, and P3 
workers (P4) ' 

Spouses and children of Rl workers (R2) ' 

Representatives (and families) of foreign 
information media (II) 



Exchange visitors (Jl) 

Spouses and children of exchange visitors (J2) 

Fiances(ees) of U.S. citizens (Kl) 

Children of fiances(ees) of U.S. citizens (K2) 



Intracompany transferees (LI) 

Spouses and children of intracompany 
transferees (L2) 



NATO officials and families (Nl-7) . 



Professional workers, U.S. -Canada Free- 
Trade Agreement (TC) ' 

Spouses and children of U.S. -Canada Free- 
Trade Agreement workers (TB) ' 

Professional workers, North American Free- 
Trade Agreement (TN) ' 

Spouses and and children of North American 
Free-Trade Agreement workers (TD) ' 

Unknown 



10,110 

10,110 

X 

X 
X 

16,708 

80,230 
27,793 

5,456 

742 

38,595 

26,449 

7,124 

X 
X 
X 
X 

142,520 



12,632 

12,632 

X 

X 
X 



110,942 
30,271 

6,975 
832 

65,349 

41,533 

8,323 

X 
X 
X 
X 

77 



28,687 

28,687 

X 

X 
X 



174,247 
40,397 

6,545 
673 

63,180 

39,375 

8,333 

5,293 

594 

X 

X 

189 



90 
1,131 



9 

2,577 



40,009 

39,155 

1 

152 
701 



189,485 
41,807 

7,783 
771 

75,315 

45,464 

8,880 

12,531 

1,271 

X 

X 

1,354 



422 
4,036 



994 

4,444 



39,704 

37,833 

322 

498 
1,051 



196,782 
42,623 

8,541 
816 

82,606 

49,537 

8,902 

16,610 

2.386 

X 

X 

446 



613 
4,942 



1,546 
5,951 



43,207 

40,490 

549 

562 
1,606 

27,691 

216,610 
42,561 

8,124 
764 

98,189 

56,048 

9,135 

5,031 

498 

19,806 

5,535 

878 



660 
5,315 



1,399 
6,742 



46380 

43,247 

751 

592 
1,790 



201,095 
39,269 

7,793 
768 

112,124 

61,621 

8,579 

X 
X 

23,904 

7,202 

779 



1 See Glossary for detailed descriptions of classes of admission. 
: Data for fiscal years 1992-93 differ from data published in previous Yearbooks due to corrections in the underreporting of student entries and more minor 
adjustments to entries for other classes of nonimmigrant admission. See Nonimmigrant section of text. 

1 Excludes classes of admission processed in the Nonimmigrant Information System in the following years: for all countries — 1985 - 64,487 parolees (Rl-3), 3,239 
withdrawals (R4) and stowaways (R5), and 68,044 refugees (RF); 1990 - 90,265 parolees (Rl-3), 19,984 withdrawals (R4) and stowaways (R5), and 1 10,197 refugees 
(RF); 1992 - 137,478 parolees, 25,839 withdrawals (WD) and stowaways (ST), and 123,010 refugees (RE); 1993 - 123,628 parolees, 26,435 withdrawals (WD) and 
stowaways (ST), and 113,152 refugees (RE); 1994 - 111,403 parolees, 22,461 withdrawals (WD) and stowaways (ST), and 114,471 refugees (RE); 1995 - 113.542 
parolees, 21,567 withdrawals (WD) and stowaways (ST), and 95,576 refugees (RE). 

' Excludes entries under the U.S.-Canada Free-Trade Agreement and the North American Free-Trade Agreement (shown separately). 
' Entries began October 1, 1990 (fiscal year 1991). 

6 Prior to October 1, 1991 (fiscal year 1992), H1B entries were termed "Distinguished merit or ability." 
' Entries began in April 1992. 

' Entries under the U.S.-Canada Free-Trade Agreement began January 1989 and ended December 31, 1993. Entries under the North American Free-Trade 
Agreement began January 1, 1994. 

NOTE: "Family," "immediate family," and "spouse and children" are defined as spouse and unmarried minor (or dependent) children. 

NA Not available. X Not applicable. 



115 



TABLE 40. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED AS TEMPORARY WORKERS, EXCHANGE VISITORS, AND 
INTRACOMPANY TRANSFEREES BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 

FISCAL YEAR 1995 



Region and country 
of citizenship 



Registered 
nurses 
(H1A) 



Workers 

with 

specialty 

occupations 

(H1B) 



Other temporary workers 
(H2) 



Agricultural 

(H2A) 



Non- 
agricultural 
(H2B) 



Industrial 

trainees 

(H3) 



Exchange 

visitors 

(Jl) 



All countries 

Europe 

Albania 

Austria 

Belgium 

Bulgaria 

Czechoslovakia 

Denmark 

Estonia 

Finland 

France 

Germany 

Greece 

Hungary 

Iceland 

Ireland 

Italy 

Latvia 

Liechtenstein 

Lithuania 

Luxembourg 

Malta 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Soviet Union, former 

Russia 

Ukraine 

Other republics 

Unknown republic .... 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

Afghanistan 

Bahrain 

Bangladesh 

Cambodia 

China ' 

Cyprus 

Hong Kong 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Iraq 

Israel 

Japan , 

Jordan , 

Korea 

Kuwait 

Lebanon 

See footnotes at end of table. 

116 



533,883 

238,999 

458 

3,349 

3,761 

1,148 

4,125 

4,585 

398 

3,769 

25,085 

35,791 

1,887 

2,581 

622 

7,065 

9,711 

417 

27 

469 

174 

56 

9,647 

3,717 

3,741 

952 

1,106 

23,900 

16,998 

2,702 

3,900 

300 

9,859 

8,452 

5,588 

64,879 

1,656 

24 

137,153 

34 

39 

622 

96 

17,739 

641 

1,773 

29,311 

1,420 

411 

104 

5,397 

39,136 

827 

8,375 

86 

1,085 



6,512 

522 



7 
6 
3 
371 
3 



5,501 

1 

28 

3 
95 

1 



117374 

42,722 

10 

486 

830 

166 

253 

668 

27 

483 

4,805 

4,894 

595 

373 

122 

825 

2,132 

43 

10 

38 

61 

3 

2,174 

569 

682 

167 

205 

2,696 

2,048 

275 

304 

69 

1,894 

1,157 

931 

14,899 

515 

9 

47,619 

3 

8 

285 

2 

3,497 

85 

682 

22,309 

256 

207 

68 

1.771 

6,731 

291 

1,674 

12 

534 



11,394 



14,193 

1,174 

15 
77 
86 

2 
17 
40 

2 

14 
73 
92 
16 

2 

47 

23 

7 



99 
16 

24 

7 

1 

71 

62 

4 

4 

1 

12 

65 

87 

255 

22 



3,971 



2,787 



5 
952 



525 
1 
1 



201,095 



097 


122,458 




395 


19 


1,681 


16 


1,549 


2 


847 


21 


3,170 


38 


2,842 




350 


8 


1,970 


132 


11,998 


204 


21,558 


4 


924 


6 


1,941 


1 


446 


40 


4,093 


91 


4,667 


2 


335 




8 


1 


368 




59 




42 


65 


4,063 


16 


2,110 


41 


2,516 


5 


504 


11 


794 


20 


16,657 


16 


11,303 


2 


2,020 


2 


3,175 




159 


84 


5,885 


21 


4,307 


60 


2,653 


169 


22,820 


20 


899 




7 


,139 


38,746 




15 




28 




244 




64 


66 


5,888 




531 


4 


412 


39 


3,311 


11 


945 


1 


126 




15 


11 


2,369 


791 


9,753 


22 


433 


90 


3,636 




42 


1 


410 



TABLE 40. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED AS TEMPORARY WORKERS, EXCHANGE VISITORS, AND 
INTRACOMPANY TRANSFEREES BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 

FISCAL YEAR 1995— Continued 





Total 


Registered 
nurses 
(HIA) 


Workers 

with 

specialty 

occupations 

(H1B) 


Other temporary workers 
(H2) 


Industrial 

trainees 

(H3) 


Exchange 

visitors 

(ID 


Intra- 
company 


Region and country 
of citizenship 


Agricultural 
(H2A) 


Non- 
agricultural 
(H2B) 


trans- 
ferees 
(LI) 




13 

2.228 

261 

579 

3,200 

14,587 

102 

706 

1,184 

560 

589 

2,121 

3,376 

63 

309 

97 

82 

12,425 

191 

30 

72 
160 
171 

51 

290 

2,148 

197 

35 
461 

95 
501 

30 
159 

54 

533 

1,135 

323 

70 
3,653 

75 
355 

48 
165 
216 
132 
174 
264 
637 

14,154 

10,577 
65 
3,303 
84 
37 
19 
69 


3 

10 
5,306 

3 

3 
1 

161 

1 

6 

1 

1 
67 

2 
71 

1 

9 

2 

156 

105 

51 


7 

716 

49 

3 

1,406 

5,028 

5 

83 

445 

305 

216 

181 

715 

1 

7 

8 

29 

3309 

70 
3 
2 
4 

72 

46 

461 

39 

7 
89 

9 

164 

14 

11 

19 

89 

399 

20 

34 

1,473 

27 

38 

4 
27 
36 
24 
15 
64 
49 

3,461 

2,754 

12 

687 

7 

1 


1 

7 

1 

115 

29 

86 


39 

7 
1,753 

2 
4 
5 

3 
54 

1 

4 

42 

267 

184 

4 

79 


47 

5 
15 

17 
1 

9 

3 

6 

42 
1 

2 
4 

4 
3 

1 

1 

22 

2 

2 

43 

36 

7 


4 

1,033 

171 

574 

1,518 

1,280 

97 

478 

327 

179 

320 

1,642 

2,446 

59 

276 

84 

36 

6485 

98 
5 

62 
154 

70 

39 

111 

1,375 

131 

23 
321 

77 
277 

13 

76 

30 
311 
387 
191 

27 
1,304 

48 
293 

39 
121 
150 

48 
125 
154 
525 

4,886 

3,478 

34 

1,309 

10 

3 

52 


1 

349 

15 

2 

167 




745 
130 




361 
29 




8 
61 




145 
1 




7 
2 
7 


Angola 

Benin 


974 

20 

19 

8 

1 




11 
1 




8 




148 
19 




14 






Mali 


17 
6 




3 




34 




92 




9 

2 




491 




1 

5 




14 




1 




9 




12 




10 




19 




4,119 




3,300 




6 




802 








3 








8 







See footnotes at end of table. 



117 



TABLE 40. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED AS TEMPORARY WORKERS, EXCHANGE VISITORS, AND 
INTRACOMPANY TRANSFEREES BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 

FISCAL YEAR 1995— Continued 





■ 
Total 


Registered 
nurses 
(H1A) 


Workers 

with 

specialty 

occupations 

(HIB) 


Other temporary workers 
(H2) 


Industrial 

trainees 
(H3) 


Exchange 

visitors 

(Jl) 


Intra- 
company 


Region and country 
of citizenship 


Agricultural 
(H2A) 


Non- 
agricultural 
(H2B) 


trans- 
ferees 
(LI) 




93,803 

47,479 
26,512 
14,104 

17 

80 

12 

354 

221 

109 

6 

8 

96 

248 

3,375 

49 

547 

7,735 

40 

25 

53 

35 

52 

1,013 

26 

3 

5,700 

217 

1,311 

1,053 

854 

862 

453 

950 

8 

35,793 

4,925 

544 

12,640 

1,965 

4,373 

1,161 

188 

202 

2.550 

54 

451 

6,740 

102 

1,454 


127 
26 
33 
64 

1 

9 
1 
2 

3 
1 

34 

13 
4 
3 

1 

40 

1 

5 
5 
11 
1 
5 

6 
1 

5 

1 
4 


9,748 

3,431 
3,655 
1,602 

21 

6 

156 

109 

79 

1 

7 

22 

342 

18 

53 

402 

8 

12 
17 
4 
7 
329 
9 

1,060 

19 
302 
146 
149 
139 

39 
266 

10,437 
1,793 

160 

2,617 

596 

1,315 

315 

97 

42 

1,111 

20 

117 

2,254 

22 

256 


10,890 

600 
6,067 
4,206 

14 
4,192 

17 

5 

12 
308 

49 

1 

256 
2 
7 


8.258 
3,062 
3,457 
1,584 

15 

1 

3 
1 
11 

7 

65 

441 

6 

3 

957 

4 

1 

69 

155 

28 
16 
13 
34 
7 
57 

426 

29 

3 

52 
22 
41 
19 

2 

46 

2 
210 

43 


338 

81 
188 
49 

1 

15 
3 
3 

1 

13 

2 
8 

3 

20 

3 

1 

4 

11 

1 

123 

1 

1 

34 

27 

26 

2 

5 

4 

1 

22 

5 


14,659 

6,308 
4,009 
1,487 

20 
3 
60 
50 
6 

3 
28 
25 
333 
17 
170 
551 

6 

8 

14 

21 

157 

13 

2 

2,849 

155 

653 

525 

437 

394 

316 

369 

6 

12,978 

1,411 
257 

5,811 
747 

1,215 
548 
37 
140 
568 
20 
206 

2,018 

21 
762 


11,719 




7,054 
3,280 




660 

1 
5 




66 

22 
4 

1 
2 

13 




168 




3 

25 




179 




2 








8 




18 




140 




2 




1 




724 




32 
238 




90 




103 
63 
25 

173 
1 




8,192 




1,279 

30 

3,214 




423 
903 




165 




10 




14 




365 




I 




99 




1,689 




47 




207 







See footnotes at end of table. 



118 



TABLE 40. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED AS TEMPORARY WORKERS, EXCHANGE VISITORS, AND 
EMTRACOMPANY TRANSFEREES BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 

FISCAL YEAR 1995— Continued 



Region and country 
of citizenship 


Workers 

with 

extraordinary 

ability or 

achievement 

(Ol) 


Workers 
accom- 
panying and 
assisting in 
performance 
of 01 
workers 
(02) 


Inter- 
nationally 
recognized 
athletes or 
entertainers 

(PI) 


Artists or 

entertainers 

in reciprocal 

exchange 

programs 

(P2) 


Artists or 

entertainers 

in culturally 

unique 

programs 

(P3) 


Workers 
in inter- 
national 
cultural 
exchange 
programs 
(QD 


Workers in 

religious 

occupations 

(Rl) 


North 

American 

Free-Trade 

Agreement 

workers 

(TN) 




5,974 

3,931 

3 

.77 

41 

10 

19 

71 

5 

29 

348 

314 

10 

23 

1 

86 

275 

1 

2 

1 

2 

145 

24 

43 

5 

4 

465 

416 

24 

23 

2 

144 

96 

68 

1,591 

25 

3 

478 

41 
4 

10 

33 
1 
3 
3 

75 
191 

26 

17 


1,813 

885 

8 
7 
1 
1 
6 

2 
42 
66 

5 

1 

87 

30 

1 

11 

1 
2 

84 

73 

6 

5 

54 

5 

2 

467 

2 

408 

22 

8 

109 
32 

1 

10 
14 
62 

56 

19 


22,397 

8,227 

2 
272 
150 

42 
469 

88 
1 

47 
540 
275 

63 

46 

344 

186 

6 

1 

1 

265 

107 

118 

17 

19 

1,397 

1,206 

127 

50 

14 

277 

180 

58 

3,191 

60 

5 

U98 

1 
1 
1 

367 

1 

33 

131 
4 
1 

154 

507 

5 

61 

34 


660 

175 
2 

30 
1 
1 

2 
4 
8 
2 
3 

4 
2 

3 

1 

7 

45 
36 
3 
3 
3 
4 
1 
3 
51 
1 

79 

1 

15 

1 
6 

1 

8 
19 

9 

4 


5^15 

1,828 

27 
18 
4 
46 
30 

19 
56 
120 
99 
52 

88 
58 
10 

44 

58 
26 
64 
1 
34 

711 

425 
55 

210 

21 

26 

23 

5 

204 
5 

1,833 

6 

31 

13 

295 

22 

939 

6 

11 

56 

184 

8 

111 

9 


1,399 
1,102 

15 

343 
168 

2 
111 

1 

229 

2 

5 
3 

2 
7 
5 

213 
1 

115 

55 

18 

4 

30 

1 


6,742 

1,723 

5 
30 
9 
5 
28 
16 
1 

15 

125 

189 

6 

20 

1 

167 

182 

1 

4 

1 

4 

59 

10 

64 

18 

11 

66 

35 

21 

9 

1 

157 

34 

34 

426 

35 

2,081 

14 
15 
109 

15 

515 

11 

3 

4 

85 

310 

2 

353 

2 

5 


23,904 


























































































































































































































See footnotes at end of table. 



















119 



TABLE 40. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED AS TEMPORARY WORKERS, EXCHANGE VISITORS, AND 
INTRACOMPANY TRANSFEREES BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 

FISCAL YEAR 1995— Continued 























Workers 


accom- 


Inter- 


Artists or 


Artists or 


Workers 




North 




with 


panying and 


nationally 


entertainers 


entertainers 


national 
cultural 
exchange 


Workers in 


American 


Region and country 


extraordinary 


assisting in 


recognized 


in reciprocal 


in culturally 


religious 


Free-Trade 


of citizenship 


ability or 


performance 


athletes or 


exchange 


unique 


occupations 


Agreement 




achievement 


of 01 


entertainers 


programs 


programs 


(Rl) 


workers 




(Ol) 


workers 
(02) 


(PI) 


(P2) 


(P3) 


(QD 




(TN) 




. 


. 


1 










. 




- 


2 


2 


10 


1 




26 






1 




1 




3 




20 


- 




- 


















5 




5 




66 




11 






42 


53 


40 


2 


19 




297 






- 














- 




2 
6 


1 
1 


4 
6 


1 






2 
17 






. 




1 

2 


4 


9 

12 


1 


2 
24 


6 


22 
3 










2 


1 


9 


1 






212 






9 


13 


6 




26 


1 


7 






2 




1 
1 




1 




1 

9 










1 


- 


. 








2 


. 




1 
103 


27 


430 


17 


408 


59 


9 
256 














1 










- 


Angola 










1 




2 


- 


Benin 
















- 












- 




1 


- 




1 




11 




3 


1 


2 


. 








9 








2 


- 




2 

27 


18 


30 
43 


10 


87 
38 




3 
23 




Egypt 


. 








1 








7 


- 








1 




2 


2 








1 




3 


. 


1 




18 










1 




8 










1 




14 




13 




11 


















2 


- 


Mali 


1 


8 


3 




54 














2 














6 




25 




12 


52 




- 




2 




4 




133 




48 






26 




73 




2 


1 








3 

27 


1 


123 


3 


19 




1 

77 










. 








5 




1 


2 


15 












- 






















- 












5 




9 


1 


12 






1 




39 




5 


- 


6 














16 




6 






4 




7 








13 






1 
311 


40 


30 
246 


10 


4 
132 


2 


7 
366 










242 


32 


203 


6 


51 


2 


155 






5 












4 






63 


8 


41 


3 

1 


80 




87 
83 






. 
















17 






1 




2 




1 




16 

4 












See footnotes at end of table. 


















120 



















TABLE 40. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED AS TEMPORARY WORKERS, EXCHANGE VISITORS, AND 
EMTRACOMPANY TRANSFEREES BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 

FISCAL YEAR 1995— Continued 





Workers 


Workers 
accom- 


Inter- 


Artists or 


Artists or 


Workers 




North 




with 


panying and 


nationally 


entertainers 


entertainers 


national 


Workers in 


American 


Region and country 


extraordinary 


assisting in 


recognized 


in reciprocal 


in culturally 


religious 


Free-Trade 


of citizenship 


ability or 


performance 


athletes or 


exchange 


unique 


exchange 


occupations 


Agreement 




achievement 


of 01 


entertainers 


programs 


programs 


(Rl) 


workers 




(Ol) 


workers 
(02) 


(PI) 


(P2) 


(P3) 


(QD 




(TN) 




816 


385 


10,21** 


319 


702 


109 


1,610 


23,904 




441 


160 


1,354 


245 


190 


31 


635 


23,861 




213 
104 


94 
120 


4,702 
3,608 


34 
30 


173 
264 


75 
2 


489 
324 


43 




















1 








- 


14 


- 






17 










- 


- 












2 




7 


12 


- 


2 


24 


- 




1 




20 


1 


- 




3 


- 




- 












8 


- 
















5 


- 








- 


2 








- 




12 


5 


26 




16 


- 


1 


- 






1 


109 






- 


13 


- 




7 


10 


1,918 


6 


1 


. 


119 


. 








1 








3 


. 




78 


1 
101 


228 
1,048 

7 


2 
2 


26 
146 

24 




37 

37 

1 

1 


. 




. 




. 




. 




1 


1 


3 
1 


- 


8 


- 


17 
6 
5 


. 




. 








3 


1 


226 


5 


43 




24 


















2 




















. 




58 

1 
11 
5 
2 
11 


11 

4 
1 

5 


554 

14 
225 

71 
207 

19 


10 

2 
2 
4 
1 
1 


75 

33 

29 
1 

12 


1 

1 


162 

8 
33 
27 
31 
21 
18 


. 




. 




. 




. 




. 




. 




. 




28 


1 


18 








24 


- 








1 










- 




324 

94 


60 

11 


1,801 

189 


58 

10 


390 

1 


6 

1 


650 

105 


. 




. 




1 

116 

19 

40 

1 


13 
4 
2 

4 


25 
532 

39 
576 

7 


17 
3 
7 
2 
2 


50 
76 
3 
87 
57 
16 


4 
1 


13 
153 

28 
148 

44 

10 


. 






Chile 














. 








4 








2 






5 




40 


1 


93 




55 






1 












11 






2 




19 


1 


1 




3 


- 




45 


26 


370 


15 


6 




78 


- 




2 


2 


5 








2 






9 


6 


71 


2 


22 


6 


54 





1 Includes People's Republic of China and Taiwan. The number of nonimmigrant visas issued in fiscal year 1995 for People's Republic of China were: 12 HIAs, 
1.875 HIBs, 4 H2As, 665 H2Bs, 81 H3s, 4,491 Jls, 4,121 Lis, 25 Ols, 7 02, 361 Pis, 6 P2s, 208 P3s, 100 Qls, and 20 Rls. The number of nonimmigrant visas 
issued in fiscal year 1995 for Taiwan were: 6 HIAs, 916 HIBs, no H2As, 3 H2Bs, 9 H3s, 1,008 Jls. 336 Lis. 5 Ols, 3 02s, 37 Pis, no P2s, 125 P3s, no Qls. and 41 
Rls. (SOURCE: U.S. Department of State. Bureau of Consular Affairs, Visa Office.) ' Due to rrusreporting, reliable counts by country of citizenship are not 
available; therefore, data are presented for country of last residence (see page 10). The number of nonimmigrant visas issued in fiscal year 1995 for Dominica was 
1 .876; the Dominican Republic, 85,138. (SOURCE: U.S. Department of State, Bureau of Consular Affairs, Visa Office.) 

NOTE: See Glossary for detailed descriptions of classes of admission. - Represents zero. 

121 



TABLE 41. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED PORT OF ENTRY AND REGION 

AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 

FISCAL YEAR 1995 



Region and country 
of citizenship 


All potts 


Agana 


Atlanta 


Boston 


Chicago 


Detroit 


Honolulu 


Houston 




22,640,539 


1,146,596 


560,102 


435,860 


1,010,121 


426,781 


2,190,088 


433,812 




9,268,222 


7,403 


431,265 


382,033 


672,148 


193,382 


67,419 


169,908 




183,298 


134 


9,118 


4,899 


11,791 


3,700 


1,283 


1,882 




194,067 
10,284 


63 


16,708 
313 


8,506 
188 


29,855 
837 


2,817 

78 


244 
33 


3,401 




113 


Czechoslovakia 


55,283 


14 


2,829 


1,278 


5,941 


1,544 


175 


516 




121,648 


134 


4,118 


3,120 


10,296 


1,788 


804 


2,231 




77,743 


56 


1,501 


1,251 


4,285 


539 


225 


984 




974,672 


543 


21,326 


31,528 


64,390 


28,066 


8,626 


44,508 




1,836,133 


901 


152,085 


58,087 


163,044 


69,646 


20.071 


17,960 




67,484 


26 


1,739 


5.220 


3,884 


1,308 


39 


1,540 




41,664 


3 


1,455 


982 


1,698 


978 


75 


431 




18,759 


1 


45 


96 


73 


17 


15 


34 




184,450 


52 


10,588 


23,286 


6,875 


949 


613 


1,444 




591,607 


355 


6,655 


19,555 


42,461 


7,669 


1,365 


5.911 




13,177 


10 


479 


392 


940 


271 


55 


110 




475,135 


213 


21,786 


14,610 


18,954 


20,040 


1,471 


13,302 




110,428 


62 


2,875 


2,295 


7,740 


1,362 


317 


3,599 


Poland 


58,806 


11 


1,778 


1,093 


15,034 


1,692 


153 


543 




66,653 


250 


873 


5,981 


994 


614 


774 


340 




16,824 


1 


495 


169 


2,711 


273 


9 


167 




169,175 


56 


3,780 


1,649 


14,412 


1,695 


120 


2,416 




121,665 


45 


2,809 


982 


9,267 


692 


98 


1,857 




22,716 


2 


471 


185 


3,274 


367 


11 


233 




20,701 


1 


447 


428 


1,590 


578 


9 


256 




4,093 


8 


53 


54 


281 


58 


2 


70 




333,827 


217 


14,531 


3,888 


4,839 


1,011 


197 


4,199 




228,682 


206 


5,938 


5,828 


44,889 


3,313 


1,020 


2,327 




359,725 


355 


26,313 


16,387 


36,437 


2,395 


3,609 


2,964 




3,023,068 


3,669 


121,511 


170,062 


173,148 


39,319 


25,951 


58,010 




31,232 


70 


1,642 


949 


3.799 


1,601 


99 


717 




24,398 


1 


784 


734 


2,821 


697 


76 


259 


Asia 


7,206,553 


1,120304 


58,616 


32,195 


231,259 


203350 


2,022,757 


21,823 


Bangladesh 


15,117 


24 


144 


275 


411 


180 


113 


304 


China ' 


665,632 
8,346 


32,149 
3 


1,425 
143 


994 

517 


17,640 

424 


15,464 
251 


75,629 
8 


1,505 




65 




138,426 


2,771 


298 


318 


3,491 


3,942 


16,505 


147 




200,281 


314 


7,172 


6,801 


13,664 


5,053 


975 


4,286 




77,046 


952 


436 


860 


1.861 


2,793 


10,675 


277 




22,333 


3 


827 


667 


1,391 


962 


52 


618 




221,130 


50 


4,560 


5,242 


5,229 


836 


245 


987 




4,462,541 


916,886 


31,169 


3,670 


132,321 


113,523 


1,783,109 


3,428 




18,724 


1 


401 


705 


3,233 


910 


12 


512 




673,272 


153,258 


5,073 


710 


23,460 


27,742 


99,233 


676 




17,761 


4 


321 


981 


986 


308 


35 


347 




17,350 


2 


386 


1,202 


1,076 


1,186 


10 


559 




78,103 


295 


293 


652 


1,778 


1,132 


6,101 


310 




49,742 


29 


1,048 


1.167 


3,204 


815 


129 


2,356 




198,699 


12,512 


387 


522 


6,645 


18,254 


7,577 


491 




54,138 


5 


619 


1,669 


1,504 


487 


98 


1.883 




82,767 


527 


152 


551 


2,696 


1,377 


14,058 


148 




8,813 
8,204 


60 
3 


106 
134 


384 
384 


368 

876 


354 
679 


181 
3 


150 




219 


Thailand 


94,248 


317 


296 


727 


3,420 


4,337 


7,207 


124 




51,939 


16 


2,535 


1,891 


2,388 


577 


60 


1,026 




12,680 




214 


558 


1,428 


478 


29 


668 




29,261 
242,829 


123 
106 


477 
5,662 


748 
8,140 


1,765 
9,892 


1,710 
4335 


713 
399 


737 




4386 


Egypt 


33,984 


7 


678 


871 


1,393 


685 


34 


671 




8,558 


10 


182 


261 


332 


255 


17 


115 



See footnotes at end of table. 



122 



TABLE 41. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED PORT OF ENTRY AND REGION 

AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 

FISCAL YEAR 1995— Continued 



Region and country 
of citizenship 

Kenya 

Morocco 

Nigeria 

South Africa 

Other Africa 

Oceania 

Australia 

New Zealand 

Pacific Island Trust Territory 
Other Oceania 

North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Antigua-Barbuda 

Bahamas, The 

Barbados 

Cayman Islands 

Cuba 

Dominica ! 

Dominican Republic ' 

Grenada 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

Netherlands Antilles 

St. Kitts& Nevis 

St. Lucia 

Trinidad & Tobago 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

Other North America 

South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Paraguay 

Peru 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Other South America 

Stateless 

Unknown 

See footnotes at end of table. 



All ports 



Agana 



Chicago 



9,589 
13,895 
21,021 
77,327 
78,455 

594,149 

414,449 
145,545 
19,598 
14,557 

2,778,160 

114.219 
1,177,771 

968,417 
19,505 

247,462 
45,675 
22,302 
10,508 
14,406 

186,689 

7,755 

62.269 

202,066 
9,357 
10,445 
12,272 
83,699 
34,007 

517,565 
19,246 

114,916 
89,677 

130,689 
58,263 
39,300 
65,474 
188 

2,451,277 

381.119 

25,804 

829.198 

154,488 

245,338 

98,414 

17,760 

17,447 

153,475 

46,454 

475,133 

6,647 

21,207 

78,142 



2 

1 

10 

44 
32 

14^51 
2,931 

710 
9,995 

715 

319 

49 

180 

55 

6 

3 
1 

1 

25 



3 
1 

1 

12 
2 

35 
5 

4 
2 
3 
1 
20 

299 

15 
1 

128 

18 

46 
7 
4 
2 

53 
2 

23 

30 
3,784 



516 

153 

983 

1,225 

1,925 

1,814 

1,442 

357 
2 
13 

35,472 

1,196 

24,156 

8,107 

5 

3,478 

41 

284 

25 

2 

41 

5 

39 

3,433 

261 

4 

4 

87 

398 

2,004 

23 

1,424 

124 

108 

118 

28 

179 

9 

24,514 

758 

71 

21,253 

476 

396 

112 

39 

116 

209 

703 

348 

33 

107 

2,652 



755 

220 

1,067 

1,819 

3,147 

4,701 

3,747 

938 

2 

14 

4,586 

2,155 

1,310 

862 

19 

81 

31 

9 

5 

6 

63 

10 

86 

147 

8 

18 

8 

85 

286 

246 

25 

68 

33 

36 

33 

14 

37 

13 

2349 

378 

41 

723 

285 

315 

88 

26 

7 

134 

54 

295 

3 

107 

1,749 



689 

207 

1,179 

2,580 

3,512 

7329 

5,649 

1,648 

10 

22 

75,231 

4,170 

67,194 

1,717 

12 

116 

50 

11 

23 

14 

212 

6 

837 

181 

13 

15 

15 

104 

108 

2,146 

56 

408 

361 

781 

133 

90 

317 

4 

8,524 

1,896 

156 

1,796 

1,320 

997 

394 

17 

37 

887 

232 

781 

11 

621 

5,117 



481 
135 
681 
711 
1,387 

2361 
1,614 

628 
9 
10 

19304 

13,314 

4,893 

835 

5 

87 

83 

29 

22 

24 

70 

5 

55 

209 

3 

11 

9 

166 

57 

460 

32 

71 

83 

95 

65 

28 

86 

2 

1,637 

163 

74 

435 

126 

229 

85 

37 

7 

236 

21 

219 

5 

802 

1,510 



23 
9 

15 
199 
102 

91,852 

53,342 
25,101 
9,347 
4,062 

1,639 

541 
619 
143 

6 

10 

7 

1 

2 

28 

1 

6 

16 

1 

2 

1 

14 

48 

323 

6 

86 

33 

79 

40 

6 

73 

13 

2,666 

706 

29 

991 

174 

272 

126 

11 

33 

135 

62 

113 

14 

204 

3,152 



123 



TABLE 41. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED PORT OF ENTRY AND REGION 

AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 

FISCAL YEAR 1995— Continued 



Region and country 
of citizenship 



Los Angeles 


Miami 


Newark 


New York 


Orlando 


San 
Francisco 


Washington 
DC 


2,741,628 


3,639,649 


617^26 


3,588,271 


832,015 


1,210,247 


590,482 


786,484 


991,757 


483371 


2,064,926 


657,428 


436359 


410379 


20,705 


26,557 


4,579 


53,864 


3,956 


11,459 


7,285 


10,385 


12,648 


4,235 


58,649 


2,257 


8.287 


20,516 


504 


334 


180 


5,883 


37 


165 


666 


3,877 


3,046 


1,203 


19,805 


763 


1,942 


2,634 


10,382 


10,714 


19,273 


25,433 


1,653 


5,283 


3,291 


2,672 


12,084 


4,149 


34,732 


450 


4,616 


1,417 


91,950 


115,707 


79,751 


204,191 


4,373 


46,825 


46,978 


173,019 


173,111 


74,785 


370.563 


52,074 


107,042 


85,624 


3,079 


4,573 


883 


33,513 


949 


1,292 


2,134 


3,635 


2,351 


566 


20.400 


1,136 


943 


1,893 


185 


366 


156 


4,890 


3,109 


56 


55 


8,474 


12,476 


2,973 


61,994 


7,456 


7,664 


3,283 


46,532 


115,534 


29,158 


215,451 


3,320 


12,335 


28,416 


1,389 


808 


163 


3,659 


1,080 


757 


488 


39,199 


71,653 


8,310 


93,255 


21,863 


20,846 


27,550 


5,319 


8,511 


36,140 


12,151 


1.999 


3,338 


1,626 


2,159 


2,043 


5,292 


19,763 


811 


645 


1,664 


2,912 


9,200 


10,131 


24,266 


735 


1,857 


862 


878 


547 


189 


8,931 


130 


213 


722 


13,305 


7,019 


1,692 


77,784 


708 


9,898 


16,147 


7,858 


6,112 


877 


55,225 


616 


8,626 


11,689 


688 


313 


471 


13,382 


46 


488 


1,433 


4,081 


350 


251 


8,101 


33 


518 


2,467 


678 


244 


93 


1,076 


13 


266 


558 


7,337 


85,430 


38,633 


118.605 


4,367 


4,671 


17,346 


12,506 


18,746 


55,227 


31,377 


3,468 


7,619 


4,287 


40,336 


41,868 


3,843 


84,527 


6,088 


17,184 


29,233 


282,411 


252,224 


99,315 


462,439 


533,334 


159,891 


103,700 


2,333 


2,163 


1,048 


10.152 


215 


814 


1,550 


1,001 


2,044 


1.697 


8.649 


1,097 


617 


1,012 


1,245357 


113,142 


83,175 


745,263 


18,116 


673,405 


91,723 


1,279 


361 


287 


8,434 


55 


325 


839 


233,546 


7,721 


17,775 


40,299 


248 


145,262 


3,307 


462 


495 


133 


4,262 


159 


189 


293 


36,031 


1,659 


803 


7,049 


473 


38,372 


288 


16,964 


9,461 


6,079 


77,716 


1,824 


10,510 


10,935 


33,463 


1,234 


888 


7,698 


174 


8,823 


957 


5,266 


559 


595 


3,457 


153 


1,451 


1,730 


10,759 


16,951 


15,728 


137,594 


1,242 


2,537 


2,038 


558,020 


50,046 


28,614 


217,333 


3,457 


305,357 


39,752 


1,049 


613 


311 


7,803 


186 


452 


1,092 


145,008 


6,440 


1,257 


92,733 


196 


69,818 


3,438 


848 


678 


157 


9,417 


465 


372 


1,260 


1,642 


1,253 


672 


5,402 


142 


449 


1,288 


42,747 


916 


728 


6,705 


440 


9,497 


631 


2,457 


1,074 


1.614 


28,633 


296 


912 


1.869 


70,323 


5,860 


1,495 


14,894 


440 


39,994 


1,321 


2,903 


1,642 


526 


23,302 


5,670 


668 


9.438 


30,994 


582 


916 


7,343 


221 


16,726 


359 


1.632 


355 


458 


2,197 


68 


383 


699 


799 


248 


241 


3,084 


84 


154 


436 


39,713 


670 


1,216 


5,745 


89 


17,127 


2,425 


3,425 


3,097 


1,655 


25,726 


1,007 


1,183 


2,612 


1,074 


298 


572 


1,413 


290 


263 


2,313 


4,953 


929 


455 


7,024 


737 


2,581 


2,403 


12,205 


26,686 


6,495 


110347 


2390 


3,723 


22,088 


2,628 


754 


673 


20,387 


250 


418 


1,881 


279 


322 


263 


4,771 


35 


77 


772 



All countries 

Europe 

Austria 

Belgium 

Bulgaria 

Czechoslovakia 

Denmark 

Finland 

France 

Germany 

Greece 

Hungary 

Iceland 

Ireland 

Italy 

Luxembourg 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Soviet Union, former 

Russia 

Ukraine 

Other republics 

Unknown republic 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

Bangladesh 

China' 

Cyprus 

Hong Kong 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Kuwait 

Lebanon 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Saudi Arabia 

Singapore 

Sri Lanka 

Syria 

Thailand 

Turkey 

United Arab Emirates ... 
Other Asia 

Africa 

Egypt 

Ghana 

See footnotes at end of table 

124 



TABLE 41. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED PORT OF ENTRY AND REGION 

AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 

FISCAL YEAR 1995— Continued 



Region and country 
of citizenship 



Los Angeles 



San 

Francisco 



Washington, 
DC 



Kenya 

Morocco 

Nigeria 

South Africa 

Other Africa 

Oceania 

Australia 

New Zealand 

Pacific Island Trust Territory 
Other Oceania 

North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Antigua-Barbuda 

Bahamas, The 

Barbados 

Cayman Islands 

Cuba 

Dominica ' 

Dominican Republic ' 

Grenada 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

Netherlands Antilles 

St. Kitts & Nevis 

St. Lucia 

Trinidad & Tobago 

Other Caribbean 

Central America , 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

Other North America 

South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Paraguay 

Peru 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Other South America 

Stateless 

Unknown 



534 

357 

853 

4,612 

2,942 

326,235 

228,417 

89,653 

63 

8,102 

252,003 

3,197 

183,569 

1,847 

20 

161 

93 

21 

74 

67 

240 

36 

54 

436 

12 

23 

46 

282 

282 

63385 

1,552 

11,346 

20,734 

24,536 

2,233 

1,840 

1,144 

5 

106389 

15,703 

592 

54,676 

7,886 

7,675 

3,874 

60 

587 

12,887 

1,128 

1,253 

68 

4,043 

8,912 



433 

646 

866 

20,185 

3,480 

14,202 

11,083 

2,960 

18 

141 

862,172 

3,197 

122,715 

432^44 

1,794 

83,204 

14,810 

18,329 

9,140 

4,711 

66,743 

1,757 

37,390 

131,038 

5,187 

364 

1,674 

43,956 

12,147 

304,007 

9,486 

68,422 

39,484 

65,206 

38,676 

31,633 

51,100 

9 

1,617,096 

263,897 

21,720 
418,344 
118,066 
185,066 

72,976 
4,899 

13,573 
121,573 

28,109 

364,641 

4,232 

124 

14,470 



349 

242 

763 

1,351 

2,854 

4,728 

3,468 

1,218 

18 

24 

29308 

1,179 

17,232 

10343 

287 

730 

63 

4 

72 

341 

6,516 

7 

126 

1,495 

97 

24 

24 

130 

327 

545 

34 

103 

112 

101 

84 

46 

65 

9 

8360 

1,246 

63 

2,401 

492 

2,418 

231 

104 

18 

467 

235 

563 

22 

90 

1,699 



2.407 
9,338 
8,602 
27,867 
36,975 

29,791 

23,948 

5,567 

31 

245 

249,805 

4,635 

57,768 

170,909 

2,179 

928 

13,233 

58 

414 

2,875 

52,355 

1,479 

14,999 

45,021 

194 

248 

2,257 

31,797 

2,872 

16,461 

162 

5,111 

4,778 

3,360 

1,755 

290 

1,005 

32 

376,665 

60,585 

794 

175,923 

10,199 

21,491 

13,472 

9,435 

1,733 

4,523 

10.204 

66,423 

1,883 

940 

10,534 



158 
71 
191 
1,117 
568 

1,723 

1,412 

302 



43,220 

394 

24,221 

6,954 

4 

4,736 

21 

7 

11 

3 

31 

4 

31 

1.841 

116 

2 

8 

57 

82 

11,643 

15 

8,830 

81 

2,591 

29 

40 

57 

8 

107,686 

5,970 

49 

94,604 

343 

640 

115 

39 

24 

93 

99 



75 
1,377 



235 

148 

338 

1,265 

1,242 

33,993 

30,935 

2,788 

17 

253 

49,493 

2,170 

39,878 

537 

1 

30 

17 

39 

20 

14 

64 

2 

26 

124 

11 

11 

2 

102 

74 

6,904 

132 

1,010 

2,942 

1,171 

343 

538 

768 

4 

7,424 

1,114 

91 

2,589 

1,563 

401 

188 

12 

115 

557 

195 

572 

27 

1,934 

4,016 



979 

715 

1,626 

5,702 

10,413 

12,949 

9,208 
3,677 

7 
57 

20,787 

1,328 

12,470 

656 

5 

30 

37 

5 

44 

5 

64 

20 

115 

103 

5 

4 

10 

131 

78 

6332 

29 

740 

3,400 

1,745 

169 

91 

158 

1 

29,674 

5,400 

152 

16,618 

1,902 

455 

141 

55 

41 

597 

2,879 

1,420 

14 

75 

2,807 



' Includes People's Republic of China and Taiwan. A total of 561,743 nonimmigrant visas were issued in these two countries in fiscal year 1995: 359,501 to 
Taiwan and 202,242 to People's Republic of China. (SOURCE: U.S. Department of State. Bureau of Consular Affairs. Visa Office.) ! Due to misreporting. reliable 
counts by country of citizenship are not available: therefore, data are presented for country of last residence (see page 10). The number of nonimmigrant visas issued 
in fiscal year 1995 for Dominica was 1,876; the Dominican Republic. 85.138 (SOURCE: U.S. Department of State, Bureau of Consular Affairs, Visa Office.) 

Includes unknown port of entry. 

NOTE: Includes arrivals under the Visa Waiver Pilot program. See Nonimmigrant section of text. Excludes the following classes of admission processed in the 
Nonimmigrant Information System: for all countries — 1 13,542 parolees; 21,567 withdrawals and stowaways; and 95,576 refugees. - Represents zero. 

125 



TABLE 42. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY AGE AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 

FISCAL YEAR 1995 



Region and country 
of citizenship 



All 

ages 



Under 15 
years 



15- 19 
years 



20-24 
years 



25-34 
years 



35-44 
years 



45-64 
years 



65 years 
and over 



All countries 

Europe 

Austria 

Belgium 

Bulgaria 

Czechoslovakia 

Denmark 

Finland 

France 

Germany 

Greece 

Hungary 

Iceland 

Ireland 

Italy 

Luxembourg 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Soviet Union, former 

Russia 

Ukraine 

Other republics 

Unknown republic 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

Bangladesh 

China 1 

Cyprus 

Hong Kong 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Kuwait 

Lebanon 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Saudi Arabia 

Singapore 

Sri Lanka 

Syria 

Thailand 

Turkey 

United Arab Emirates 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Egypt 

Ghana 

See footnotes at end of table. 



22,640,539 

9,268,222 

183,298 

194,067 

10,284 

55,283 

121,648 

77,743 

974,672 

1,836,133 

67,484 

41,664 

18,759 

184,450 

591,607 

13,177 

475,135 

1 10,428 

58,806 

66,653 

16,824 

169,175 

121,665 

22,716 

20,701 

4,093 

333,827 

228,682 

359,725 

3,023.068 

31,232 

24,398 

7,206,553 

15,117 

665,632 

8,346 

138,426 

200,281 

77,046 

22,333 

221,130 

4,462,541 

18,724 

673,272 

17,761 

17,350 

78,103 

49,742 

198,699 

54,138 

82,767 

8.813 

8,204 

94,248 

51,939 

12.680 

29,261 

242,829 

33,984 
8,558 



1,865,285 

691,275 

10,231 

12,199 

589 

2,469 

6,869 

5.144 

72,321 

104,868 

3,372 

2,535 

1,975 

14,925 

24,881 

1.050 

26.390 

6,499 

3,772 

4,171 

887 

12,180 

8,663 

1.293 

1,938 

286 

18,856 

14,086 

22,981 

314,508 

1,722 

1,795 

521,450 
1,729 

45,193 

508 

9.878 

13,763 
5,801 
2,217 

19,003 

297,062 

2,010 

52,259 
3,891 
1,117 
6,779 
7,032 

15,292 

13,006 
8,086 
760 
702 
6,759 
2.520 
2,202 
3,881 

20,975 

3,150 
491 



1,083,015 

450,413 

8,345 

10,142 

739 

4,801 

7,279 

4,490 

78,715 

88,199 

2,359 

2,837 

1,060 

8,037 

20,923 

661 

15,717 

5,496 

4,009 

2,936 

782 

12,101 

8,424 

1,485 

2,009 

183 

20,943 

11,451 

13,764 

120,385 

2,684 

1,558 

269,987 

779 
17,063 

366 
5,729 
5,160 
6,059 

694 
10,117 
174,794 

981 

15,929 

1,357 

553 
3,060 
2,994 
6,625 
3,196 
2.927 

232 

297 
5,100 
2,954 
1,302 
1,719 

10,592 

1,364 
308 



2,083,180 

671,577 

18,576 

14,646 

1,132 

7,867 

12,486 

4,964 

76,237 

124,299 

4,842 

4,292 

1,510 

19,510 

47,257 

910 

32,683 

9,773 

5,192 

4,592 

960 

11,761 

8,118 

1,562 

1,841 

240 

28,123 

21,153 

33,660 

179,089 

3,352 

2,711 

947,764 

1,518 

36,114 
1,692 

13,448 

18,327 

9,884 

966 

20,610 

726,881 

1,717 

47,565 
2,367 
1.339 

10,568 
4,661 

13,608 
5,565 
6,928 
739 
577 
9,919 
6,396 
2,786 
3,589 

18,640 

2,132 
418 



5,795,482 

2,273,522 

49,348 

48,151 

2,385 

12,371 

28,493 

17,889 

224,125 

495,836 

15,327 

9,046 

3,899 

48,583 

195,270 

3,327 

128,877 

23,600 

10,779 

14,857 

3,519 

35,382 

25,589 

4,785 

4,165 

843 

96,856 

49,066 

96,640 

647,005 

6,858 

6,033 

2,081,536 

4.027 
186,824 

2,262 
40,141 
61,219 
17,624 

4,583 

39,356 

1,345,160 

4,714 
184,710 

4,397 

4,942 
21,541 
11,315 
54,524 
14,225 
26,573 

2.306 

1.969 
23,598 
14.766 

3,486 

7.274 

59,571 

7,163 
2,071 



4,496,708 

1,846,613 

35,189 

43,409 

2,412 

11,125 

22,500 

18,124 

196,368 

345,178 

13,544 

8,799 

3,965 

32,952 

115,850 

2,884 

99,436 

22,682 

12,483 

15,372 

3,520 

43,485 

31,702 

5,756 

4,979 

1,048 

68,335 

43,951 

66,034 

607,281 

6,445 

5,290 

1,283,237 

3,329 

154,738 

1,202 

31.543 

34,291 

15,298 

4,255 

45,511 

677,558 

3,350 

152,899 

3,263 

3,077 

18,189 

9,535 

50,431 

10,808 

21,311 

1,995 

1,423 

21,481 

10,061 

1,540 

6,149 

60,966 

7,599 
2,767 



6,019,185 

2,755,727 

52,196 

54,956 

2,503 

14,030 

37,615 

23,600 

269,013 

571,447 

21,229 

11,515 

5,116 

48,526 

157,797 

3,703 

143,497 

35,833 

16,971 

19,607 

5,171 

48,583 

35,670 

6,793 

4,883 

1.237 

85,571 

76,901 

104,379 

931,797 

8,295 

5,876 

1,743,859 

3,278 
179.224 

1.949 
29.307 
54,026 
19,677 

6,511 

67,995 

1,045,185 

5,091 
183,051 

2,210 

4,912 
15,857 
12,118 
44,911 

6,331 
14,816 

2,253 

2,494 
24,130 
12,275 

1,021 

5,237 

61,137 

10,490 
2,251 



1,267,879 

572^67 

9,318 

10,448 

512 

2,525 

6,313 

3,477 

57,293 

105,365 

6,647 

2,573 

1,219 

11,578 

29,207 

638 

28,229 

6,439 

5,517 

4,966 

1,951 

5,441 

3,351 

1,003 

835 

252 

14,817 

11,792 

22,003 

221,176 

1,827 

1,096 

349,191 

421 

44,855 

351 

8,077 

13,068 

2,537 

2,880 

17,902 

193,188 

759 

35,755 

244 

1.312 

1,964 

1,893 

12,865 

791 

1,981 

509 

677 

2,934 

2,813 

198 

1,217 

10,014 

1,982 
230 



126 



TABLE 42. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY AGE AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP 

FISCAL YEAR 1995— Continued 



Region and country 
of citizenship 



All 
ages 



Under 15 
years 



15- 19 
years 



20-24 
years 



25-34 
years 



35-44 
years 



45-64 
years 



65 years 
and over 



Kenya 

Morocco 

Nigeria 

Senegal 

South Africa 

Other Africa 

Oceania 

Australia 

New Zealand 

Pacific Island Trust Territory 
Other Oceania 



North America , 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Antigua-Barbuda 

Bahamas, The 

Barbados 

Cayman Islands 

Cuba 

Dominica 2 

Dominican Republic 2 

Grenada 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

Netherlands Antilles 

St. Kitts & Nevis 

St. Lucia 

St. Vincent & Grenadines 

Trinidad & Tobago 

Turks & Caicos Islands ... 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

Other North America 

South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Paraguay 

Peru 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Other South America 

Stateless 

Unknown 



9,589 

13,895 

21,021 

7,028 

77,327 

71,427 

594,149 

414,449 

145,545 

19,598 

14,557 

2,778,160 

114,219 
1,177,771 

968,417 
19,505 

247,462 
45,675 
22,302 
10,508 
14,406 

186,689 

7,755 

62,269 

202,066 
9,357 
10,445 
12,272 
7,385 
83,699 
7,110 
19,512 

517,565 
19,246 

114,916 
89,677 

130,689 
58,263 
39,300 
65,474 
188 
2,451,277 

381,119 
25,804 

829,198 

154,488 

245,338 
98,414 
17,760 
17,447 

153,475 
46,454 

475,133 

6,647 

21,207 

78,142 



931 
1,098 
1,892 

367 
7,448 
5,598 

49,389 

34,748 

10,578 

2,861 

1,202 

287,224 

9,417 

119,164 

102,546 

1,895 

31,565 

4,998 

3,351 

173 

1,445 

17,986 

624 

5,344 

19,689 

1,109 

939 

994 

476 

9,007 

834 

2,117 

56,075 

2,466 

13,540 

8,869 

16,237 

5,091 

3,339 

6,533 

22 

287,242 
44,610 

2,639 
99,741 
17,373 
31.150 
12,864 

1,450 

1,909 
13,161 

3,583 

58,097 

665 

500 

7,230 



629 

847 

640 

269 

3,117 

3,418 

24,099 

17,136 

4,689 

1,812 

462 

140,134 

5,697 

56,996 

47,845 

975 

13,547 

2,134 

1,464 

160 

750 

9,103 

306 

2,409 

9,457 

518 

509 

474 

299 

4,174 

468 

1,098 

29,586 

1,110 

7,523 

4,361 

7,603 

2,680 

1,872 

4,437 

10 

183,952 

28,154 

2,110 

85,204 

7,737 

14,573 

6,758 

640 

1,430 

7,376 

2,278 

27,414 

278 

295 

3,543 



1.566 

1,487 

795 

570 

5,456 

6,216 

52,643 

37,245 

11,880 

2,294 

1,224 

221,064 

13,770 

99,761 

70,284 

1,683 

23,366 

3,023 

2,266 

270 

1,045 

13,138 

629 

3,120 

11,169 

595 

871 

1,126 

862 

4,524 

897 

1,700 

37,239 

2,025 

8,507 

6,082 

9,569 

4,112 

2,201 

4,743 

10 

163,865 

26,764 

1,614 

50,498 

9,104 

13.222 

7,344 

922 

1,309 

11,386 

2,600 

38,688 

414 

851 

6,776 



2,208 

3,930 

5,459 

1,673 

18,094 

18,973 

133,487 

92,950 

32,554 

4,296 

3,687 

702,509 

37,481 

304,065 

245385 

5,447 

69,017 

10,797 

5,481 

928 

3,707 

48,053 

2.141 

12,010 

54,002 

1.801 

2,762 

3,921 

2,275 

16,675 

1,997 

4,371 

115,538 

5,091 

27,187 

20,240 

27,819 

13,614 

7,632 

13,955 

40 

524,596 

74,527 

5,361 

167,594 

31.706 

56,410 

19,838 

4,107 

4,143 

35,735 

9,504 

114,243 

1,428 

1,922 

18,339 



1.878 

2,769 

6,083 

2,568 

18,062 

19,240 

119,404 

82,911 

29,434 

3,742 

3,317 

624,232 

26,552 

246,281 

234^03 

4.833 

52,091 

11,743 

4,470 

1,121 

3,337 

45,363 

2,021 

17,260 

56,090 

2,339 

3,057 

3,072 

1,902 

19,125 

1,566 

4,813 

117,156 

4,057 

25,915 

20,974 

28,402 

15,376 

9,484 

12,948 

40 

544314 

77,277 

6,054 

189,608 

37,389 

58,018 

21,273 

5,308 

3,896 

33,657 

9,675 

100,655 

1,404 

3,028 
15,014 



2,095 

3.179 

5,419 

1,461 

20,514 

15,728 

175,807 

122,277 

45,791 

3,830 

3,909 

641,612 

19,700 

277,163 

217,436 

3,997 

49,497 

10,951 

4,465 

4,757 

3,328 

42,995 

1,605 

16,217 

41,638 

2,619 

1.952 

2,296 

1,340 

24,156 

1,133 

4,490 

127362 

3,634 

26,177 

23,024 

31,433 

14,404 

11,030 

17,560 

51 

610,478 

105,512 

6,572 

197,838 

42,536 

57,363 

23,952 

4,323 

3,969 

40,636 

14,612 

111,056 

2,109 

9.756 

20,809 



237 

452 

685 

81 

4,540 

1,807 

38,493 

26,557 

10,486 

723 

727 

154,428 

1,363 

71,038 

48,520 

646 

7,755 

1,951 

772 

3,066 

748 

9,679 

411 

5,737 

9,511 

362 

320 

352 

216 

5,907 

204 

883 

33,494 

825 

5,817 

5,922 

9,303 

2,816 

3,637 

5,174 

13 

132,693 

23,679 

1,393 

37,638 

8,368 

13,779 

6,131 

983 

749 

11,191 

4,109 

24,334 

339 

4,783 

5,910 



1 Includes People's Republic of China and Taiwan. A total of 561,743 nonimmigrant visas were issued in these two countries in fiscal year 1995: 359,501 to 
Taiwan and 202,242 to People's Republic of China. (SOURCE: U.S. Department of State, Bureau of Consular Affairs, Visa Office.) ! Due to misreporting, reliable 
counts by country of citizenship are not available; therefore, data are presented for country of last residence (see page 10). The number of nonimmigrant visas issued 
in fiscal year 1995 for Dominica was 1,876; the Dominican Republic, 85,138. (SOURCE: U.S. Department of State, Bureau of Consular Affairs, Visa Office.) 
NOTE: Includes arrivals under the Visa Waiver Pilot program See Nonimmigrant secuon of text. Excludes the following classes of admission processed in the 
Nonimmigrant Information System: for all countries — 1 13.542 parolees; 21,567 withdrawals and stowaways; and 95,576 refugees. 

127 



TABLE 43. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED CLASS OF ADMISSION 

AND STATE OF INTENDED RESDDENCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1995 



State of intended 
residence 



All 
classes ' 



Foreign 
govern- 
ment 
officials ' 



Temporary 

visitors 

for 

business 2 



Temporary 
visitors 

for 
pleasure 2 



Transit 
aliens ' 



Treaty 

traders 

and 

investors 



Spouses 


Tempo- 


and 


rary 


children 


workers 


of 


and 


students 


trainees 



Total 

Alabama 

Alaska 

Arizona 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut 

Delaware 

District of Columbia 

Florida 

Georgia 

Hawaii 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Kentucky 

Louisiana 

Maine 

Maryland 

Massachusetts 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi 

Missouri 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire 

New Jersey 

New Mexico 

New York 

North Carolina 

North Dakota 

Ohio 

Oklahoma 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania 

Rhode Island 

South Carolina 

South Dakota 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah 

Vermont 

Virginia 

Washington 

West Virginia 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming 

Guam 

Puerto Rico 

Virgin Islands 

Unknown 

See footnotes at end of table. 



22,640,539 

38,915 

47,420 

150,548 

16,637 

3,253,671 

219,107 

135,883 

19,302 

248,774 

4,199,719 

238.295 

2,110,308 

12,681 

460,221 
70,861 
29,648 
32,231 
37,107 

131,586 
28,084 

169,334 

461,522 

207,905 

98,627 

13,062 

67,378 

13,242 

14,779 

307,935 

33,952 

371,090 

32,886 

2,712,700 

1 17,495 
7,007 

161,323 
38,495 
79,672 

217,678 
25,548 

60.318 

6.400 

74,798 

729,332 

61,517 

29,988 

191,757 

247,826 

10,078 

76,770 

8,949 

801,050 

166,893 

15,992 

3.526,243 



103,606 

990 

147 

668 

38 

8,680 

484 

442 

153 

19,197 

7,951 

1,970 

1,752 

16 

1,881 

125 

36 

435 

197 

609 

25 

5,676 
1,301 

381 

149 

184 

2,517 

6 

15 

312 

30 



343 

11,394 

451 

3 

669 

252 

77 

735 

276 

126 

7 

115 

6,886 

303 

9 

7,378 

1,151 

13 

60 

18 

623 

2,117 

39 

13,305 



3,275^35 

11,007 
4,016 

33,736 

4,349 

500,586 

40,148 

26,882 
7,322 

68,846 
412,036 

78,336 
38,583 

2,049 
149.183 
21,194 

6,680 

8,412 
11,280 
30,047 

4,456 

29,133 
95,101 
65,639 
29,491 

2,728 
19,920 

1,257 

3,298 
54,219 

7,064 

73,697 

5,766 
390,711 
38,611 

1,021 
52,719 

8,955 
14,306 
58,126 

4,758 

15,731 

581 

21,975 

199,258 

9,935 

2,722 

37,436 

50,802 

2,383 

21,695 

729 

7,493 

37,478 

2.050 

449,399 



17,611,536 

18,618 

40,492 

102,500 

8,250 

2,539,165 

162,114 

83,715 

8,714 

125,304 

3,651,539 

131,600 
2,053,339 
8,030 
260,914 
33,505 
14,396 
15,662 
17,432 
86,944 
18,888 

96,380 
301.411 
99,434 
54,637 
6,855 
32,135 
10,106 
7,999 
249,501 
20,797 

245,036 
22,750 
2,121.489 
56,378 
4,288 
76,099 
19,097 
52.232 
119,603 
16,218 

35,769 

4,561 

40,542 

437,290 

44,416 

23,331 

107,994 

164.600 

5,042 

42,287 

7,188 

781,290 

120,127 

13,154 

2,790.379 



320,333 

828 

433 

53 

10 

10.998 

97 

284 

155 

382 

41,993 

755 

4,402 

1 

357 

30 

9 

8 

14 

5,101 

348 

821 

627 

517 

55 

295 

39 

39 

3 

44 

38 

1,607 
20 

7,542 
173 
64 
93 
16 
717 

1,969 
81 

237 
2 

38 

8,255 

13 

11 

711 

2,910 

8 

40 



2,787 

2,668 

263 

221,372 



131,777 

998 
520 
788 
155 

25,293 

592 

3,064 

371 

398 

11,620 

4,030 

2,119 

65 

5,793 

1,649 

165 

231 

1,541 

456 

66 

1,242 
1,946 
4,829 
351 
42 
808 
66 
106 
250 
177 

9,705 

124 

19.078 

2,469 
32 

4,643 
207 
951 

1,829 
170 

1.464 

50 

1,820 

7,096 

204 

213 

2,252 

2,783 

108 

395 

21 

2,089 

537 

49 

3,757 



364,220 

2,774 

391 

4,866 

1,668 

64,505 

6,273 

5,358 

841 

4,257 

21,090 

6,168 
5,953 
1,002 
11,247 
5.394 
4,065 
4,176 
1,914 
3,382 
958 

5.073 
26,726 
9,045 
4,587 
1,295 
5,138 

615 
1,623 

982 
1,791 

7.138 
1,182 

34,602 
4,005 
649 
9,409 
6,008 
5,448 

11,778 
2,294 

2,091 

611 

3,354 

19.244 
3,599 
1,382 
7,139 

12,102 

1,382 

5,004 

323 

213 

456 

104 

11.546 



31,260 

385 

30 

569 

185 

3,555 

870 

375 

61 

257 

1,551 

566 
288 

54 
1,563 
609 
387 
379 
246 
408 

55 

492 
1,740 
1,274 
373 
157 
552 
36 
141 
71 
127 

831 
236 

2.536 

498 

91 

1,140 
600 
437 

1,235 
79 

219 

67 

327 

1,988 

384 

24 

970 

538 

168 

476 

36 

10 

53 

6 

955 



196,760 

605 

292 

1,895 

669 

27,710 

2,188 

3,113 

264 

1,655 

18,382 

3,369 
1,021 

394 
8,840 
1.229 

502 

523 
1,184 

944 
1,017 

2.964 

6,631 

5,016 

1,512 

268 

1.331 

186 

293 

769 

1,638 

8,464 

467 

36,232 

5.008 

114 
2,734 

902 

926 
4,307 

340 

812 

74 

1,215 

12,580 

715 

569 

5,189 

3,286 

127 

842 

155 

3,592 

1,583 

152 

9,971 



128 



TABLE 43. NONIMMIGRANTS ADMITTED BY SELECTED CLASS OF ADMISSION 

AND STATE OF INTENDED RESD3ENCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1995— Continued 







Represen- 




Spouses 






Spouses 




North 






















American 




State of intended 
residence 


represen- 


foreign 


Exchange 


children of 


ces(ees) 
of U.S. 


company 


children of 
intra- 


NATO 
officials 5 


"ree-Trade 


Unknown 




tatives ! 


nformation 
media ' 




exchange 
visitors 


citizens 5 


transferees 


company 
transferees 




Agreement 
workers ' 






71,982 


24,220 


201,095 


39,269 


8,561 


112,124 


61,621 


8,579 


31,106 


775 


Alabama 


63 


32 


1,202 


239 


51 


285 


178 


295 


143 


2 


Alaska 


5 


90 


579 


16 


45 


107 


73 


30 


118 


2 




23 


314 


1,946 


391 


182 


833 


521 


188 


648 


8 




5 


6 


886 


76 


27 


50 


46 


11 


68 


2 


California 


496 


3,981 


20,615 


5,537 


1,817 


18.842 


10,256 


445 


3,313 


180 


Colorado 


45 


172 


3,195 


630 


115 


745 


403 


118 


449 


6 


Connecticut 


430 


170 


4,739 


654 


111 


3,025 


1,922 


63 


406 


4 


Delaware 


8 


8 


657 


97 


23 


292 


171 


5 


62 






14,126 

877 


2,273 
2,176 


10,525 
5,519 


385 

1,110 


43 
541 


335 
11,180 


92 
4,951 


436 

412 


112 
2,693 


4 


Florida 


155 


Georgia 


97 


636 


3,373 


582 


130 


3,132 


1,686 


120 


623 


8 




42 


618 


783 


204 


223 


418 


261 


26 


110 


4 


Idaho 


3 


10 


737 


43 


29 


55 


41 




106 


- 


Illinois 


110 


360 


7,700 


1,611 


251 


4,629 


2,636 


59 


833 


11 




12 


68 


3,398 


750 


75 


1,148 


766 


13 


330 


3 


Iowa 


5 


21 


2,276 


405 


47 


190 


130 




114 


1 




7 


10 


1,407 


174 


43 


186 


178 


73 


139 


1 


Kentucky 


6 


44 


1,282 


192 


40 


835 


539 


40 


124 




Louisiana 


27 


95 


1,669 


356 


59 


380 


341 


25 


465 


1 


Maine 


16 


13 


1,604 


61 


33 


52 


22 


7 


397 


- 


Maryland 


14,496 


651 


6,864 


2,125 


186 


1,063 


572 


233 


419 


40 


Massachusetts 


242 


399 


13,940 


3,447 


255 


3,365 


1,604 


94 


1,141 


11 


Michigan 


33 


193 


6,025 


1,379 


241 


5,580 


3,736 


17 


2,721 


11 


Minnesota 


24 


65 


4,055 


714 


165 


1,057 


556 


10 


376 




Mississippi 


8 


6 


750 


99 


27 


50 


20 


34 


106 






64 


47 


2,618 


556 


88 


582 


260 


50 


217 


2 




1 


13 


612 


56 


20 


57 


8 


1 


144 


- 


Nebraska 


5 


10 


765 


169 


31 


67 


24 


9 


92 


3 


Nevada 


20 


354 


465 


56 


78 


209 


91 


61 


311 


9 


New Hampshire 


9 


13 


1,414 


100 


49 


219 


130 




220 


1 




1,188 


367 


5,545 


1,131 


300 


6,937 


4,240 


71 


769 


12 




31 
23,685 
32 
11 
145 


64 

5,721 

62 

9 

85 


969 

24,446 

3,784 

357 

5,894 


239 
3,877 

832 

39 

1,279 


44 
638 
120 

10 
151 


96 
15,631 
2,078 

73 
2,664 


85 
7,143 
1.435 

13 
1.840 


152 
183 
91 
1 
107 


172 
2,155 
806 
190 
656 


2 




115 




5 






Ohio 


6 


Oklahoma 


7 


23 


1,209 


200 


52 


269 


165 


99 


150 


2 


Oregon 


15 


69 


2,294 


464 


109 


571 


341 


3 


402 


2 


Pennsylvania 


52 


120 


9,458 


1,964 


219 


2,530 


1,389 


132 


727 


3 




8 

17 
9 
23 


17 

53 

57 
137 


756 

1,391 

253 

2,317 


119 

237 
23 
507 


33 

49 
15 
80 


145 

937 

16 

925 


92 

700 

7 

665 


30 
10 

13 


53 

172 

57 

319 


- 




2 








1 


Texas 


310 


416 


8,337 


2,429 


609 


9,335 


5.730 


2,030 


3,833 


59 


Utah 


7 


69 


836 


228 


60 


232 


139 


49 


200 




Vermont 


6 


15 


1,152 


76 


15 


159 


116 


4 


159 






10,225 


591 


4,499 


854 


255 


1,796 


958 


2,076 


494 


25 


Washington 


127 


222 


3,505 


687 


245 


1,750 


938 


136 


1,313 


8 


West Virginia 


4 


27 


456 


51 


6 


108 


65 


3 


53 


- 


Wisconsin 


16 


55 


3,467 


507 


73 


769 


477 


2 


260 


5 


Wyoming 


1 


23 


299 


20 


15 


29 


6 


1 


59 




Guam 


23 


170 


7 




86 


1,726 


621 


1 


7 


5 




42 

20 

4,673 


113 

12 

2,875 


281 

30 

7,953 


31 

7 

1,254 


27 

7 

318 


837 

53 

3,490 


373 

30 

1,839 


7 

2 

501 


11 

1 

1,088 


4 






Unknown 


50 



1 Excludes the following classes of admission processed in the Nonimmigrant Informauon System: for all countries— 1 13.542 parolees, 21,567 withdrawals and 
stowaways, and 95,576 refugees. ' Includes arrivals under the Visa Waiver Pilot program. See Nonimmigrant section of text. ' Includes spouses and unmarried 
minor (or dependent) children. ' Includes foreign government officials and their spouses and unmamed minor (or dependent) children in transit. ' Includes minor 
children of fiances(ees). 



NOTE: See Glossary for detailed descriptions of classes of admission. 



Represents zero. 



129 



V. NATURALIZATIONS 



Naturalization refers to the conferring of U.S. citizenship, 
by any means, upon a person after birth. There are five 
ways of becoming a U.S. citizen: naturalization in a court 
ceremony; naturalization through an administrative 
hearing; derivation through the naturalization of parents; 
acquisition at birth abroad to citizen parents; and 
legislation conferring citizenship upon certain groups of 
persons (see Limitations of Data). As part of the 
naturalization process, applicants pledge an oath of 
allegiance to the United States, thereby renouncing 
allegiance to their former countries of nationality. 

A total of 445,853 persons were reported naturalized in 
fiscal year 1995, reaching the record level set in 1944 
during World War II. Naturalizations, which declined 
sharply immediately after the war, have increased since 
1950. This trend accelerated during the 1990s due to a 
number of factors. In fiscal year 1992, INS initiated a 
"Green Card Replacement Program," which required 
long-term permanent residents to replace their permanent 
resident alien cards with new, more counterfeit-resistant 
cards. Many aliens chose to naturalize rather than apply 
for a new card. Also, beginning in fiscal year 1994, the 
first of the 2.68 million illegal aliens who were granted 
legal permanent residence under the provisions of the 
Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRC A) of 1986 
became eligible to naturalize. Naturalizations are 
expected to increase as more IRCA-legalized aliens 
become eligible to apply for citizenship. Fiscal year 1995 
marked the implementation of the Citizenship USA 
initiative which was designed to expedite the 
naturalization process. 

Naturalization Program 

To naturalize, an immigrant must fulfill certain 
requirements set forth in the Immigration and Nationality 
Act concerning age, lawful admission, and residence in 
the United States. These general naturalization provisions 
specify that an alien must: be at least 18 years of age; 
have been lawfully admitted to the United States for 
permanent residence; and have resided in the country 
continuously for at least 5 years. Additional requirements 
include the ability to speak, read, and write the English 
language; knowledge of the U.S. government and U.S. 
history; and good moral character. In fiscal year 1995, 92 
percent of immigrants naturalized under the general 
provisions (Chart N). The remaining immigrants who 
naturalize do so under the special provisions. 



The special provisions of naturalization law exempt aliens 
from one or more of the requirements of the general 
provisions. Spouses and children of U.S. citizens and 
military classes constitute the main special naturalization 
categories. The majority of people naturalizing as spouses 
of U.S. citizens may do so in 3 years rather than the 5 years 
prescribed under the general provisions. 

Children who immigrate with their parents generally do 
not apply to naturalize, but derive U.S. citizenship through 
the naturalization of their parents. Children adopted by 
U.S. citizens may apply to become U.S. citizens, although 
they are no longer required to do so, since they are eligible 
for administrative naturalization by the INS. These 
children may be naturalized in court ceremonies prior to 
reaching age 18; there are no residency requirements. 
Under certain conditions, aliens who served honorably 
during World War I, World War II, the Korean Conflict, the 
Vietnam Conflict, or the Grenada Campaign may 
naturalize without prior admission to permanent resident 
status. Also, they need not have resided in the United 
States for a particular length of time. Lawful permanent 
resident aliens who have served honorably in the Armed 
Forces of the United States for as many as 3 years also are 
entitled to certain exemptions from the general 
naturalization requirements. Special provisions accounted 
for about 7 percent of the total number of naturalizations 
during fiscal year 1995; the military and other provisions 
represented about 1 percent. 



Nearly 446,000 people were 
naturalized during 1995. 



Every applicant for naturalization must file an application, 
Form N-400 (Application to File Petition for 
Naturalization) or Form N-402 (Application to File 
Petition for Naturalization in Behalf of Child). All aliens 
filing these applications who meet the preliminary 
documentary requirements must be interviewed by INS 
officers to determine their eligibility to naturalize. During 
the interview the officer discerns the applicant's 
knowledge and understanding of the English language as 
well as of the history and government of the United States. 
Recently, applicants have been allowed to take 
standardized tests that are used to determine knowledge 
and abilities. Those applicants found qualified are 
scheduled for a final hearing before a judge who performs 
the naturalization ceremony. Alternatively, since 1992, 
many applicants have had the option of taking the oath in 
an administrative hearing conducted by the INS. 



130 



Thousands 
450 -i 



375 - 



300 - 



225 - 



150 - 



75 - 



1908 



Chart N 
Persons Naturalized by Provision of Law: Fiscal Years 1908-95 



I I Special provisions and unknown 
| General provisions 




1918 



1928 



1938 



1948 



1958 



1968 



1978 



1988 1995 



Source: 1987-95, Table 45; 1908-86, previous Yearbooks. 



Data Overview 

Until the 1970s, the majority of persons naturalized in the 
United States were born in Europe. After the passage of 
the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) Amendments 
of 1965, which eliminated country quotas that favored 
Western European immigration, Europe's share of 
naturalizations declined. Asia's share increased due to the 
1965 INA Amendments and the arrival of Indochinese 
refugees in the 1970s and 1980s. Asian immigrants also 
have had historically higher naturalization rates than 
Europeans. Since 1976, Asia has been the leading region 
of birth among persons naturalized. 

The origins of persons naturalizing each year underwent 
another shift in the 1990s. As the annual number of 
naturalizations accelerated, the share born in Asian 
countries decreased while the proportion from North 
American countries increased. Asia was the region of 
birth of 48.8 percent of persons naturalizing during the 
1980s and 46.5 percent during the first half of the 1990s 
(1991-95) (Chart O). In fiscal year 1995, however, Asia 
accounted for only 39.1 percent (174,188) of all 
naturalizations. North America's share of all persons 
naturalizing increased from 26.2 percent during the 1980s 



to 28.8 percent during 1991-95. In fiscal year 1995, a total 
of 155,449 or 34.9 percent of all naturalized citizens were 
born in North American countries, up 28.5 percent from 
the 120,991 in fiscal year 1994. 

Immigration resulting from IRCA provisions was partly 
responsible for the increase in North American 
naturalizations between fiscal years 1994 and 1995. The 
number of aliens legalized under IRCA who became 
naturalized citizens increased from 10,615 in 1994 to 56,047 
in 1995. Naturalizations from this group are expected to 
continue to climb as the number eligible to apply for 
citizenship increases; by the end of fiscal year 1996 the 
number eligible is projected to reach about 2.5 million. 

Mexico was the leading country of birth of persons 
naturalized in 1995 with 67,277. This represents a 71 
percent increase over 1994. About one-quarter of Mexican 
naturalizations resulted from IRCA legalization provisions. 
Other leading countries include the Philippines (33,694), 
Vietnam (28,156), the People's Republic of China 
(20,538), India (17,957), and Cuba (16,975). 

Between 1965 and 1992, the median number of years of 
residence between immigration and naturalization was 7 to 



131 



Chart O 
Persons Naturalized by Decade and Selected Region of Birth: Fiscal Years 1961-95 



1961-70 

South America — 2.2% 1 . Other— 1.5% 



North America— 20.9% 




South America — 

6.5% 



1981-90 

Other— 3.1% 




North America — 26.2% 



1971-80 

South America— 5.3% 1 i Other— 2.3% 



North America— 28.1% 



South America — 
8.0% 



North America— 28.8% 




Source: 1995, Table 53; 1961-94, previous Yearbooks. 



8 years. Following the introduction of the "Green Card 
Replacement Program", however, the median number of 
years of residence increased to 9 years in 1993 and 10 
years in 1994, as long-term residents opted for 
naturalization over replacement of their permanent alien 
cards. The number of persons naturalized who resided in 
the United States prior to 1978 continued to increase in 
1995 (Chart P). In fiscal year 1995, the median length of 
residence was 9 years (Table K) and it would have been 1 1 
years were it not for the naturalization of IRCA legalized 
aliens whose median duration of residence was 6 years. 
Long-standing regional variation in years of residence 
persisted in fiscal year 1995. Median years of residence in 
1995 was 6 years for naturalizing citizens born in Africa, 7 



years for Asians, 9 years for Europeans, 10 years for 
South Americans, and 14 years for North Americans. 

Data Collection 

Data on persons naturalized in the United States are collected 
by approximately 65 INS offices where permanent aliens 
intending to naturalize file their applications. The INS 
compiles two types of data on naturalizations: workload 
statistics and data on the characteristics of aliens who have 
completed the naturalization process. The workload data 
consist of the number of naturalization applications received, 
the number of petitions filed with courts, and the number of 
aliens naturalized during a fiscal year. 



132 



Table K 

Median Years of Residence by Year of Naturalization and Region of Birth: 

Selected Fiscal Years 1965-95 



Region of birth 



1995 



1990 



1985 



1980 



1975 



1970 



1965 



Persons naturalized 

Europe 

Asia 

Africa 

Oceania 

North America ... 
South America .., 



9 


10 


9 


10 


8 


9 


7 


7 


7 


7 


7 


6 


6 


6 


6 


7 


7 


7 


6 


6 


6 


11 


10 


8 


8 


7 


9 


8 


14 


11 


13 


11 


9 


7 


9 


10 


9 


8 


9 


10 


7 


7 



Data on the characteristics of aliens who have naturalized 
in a fiscal year also are collected by INS offices where 
aliens file their naturalization applications. These detailed 
characteristics are reported either through the manual 
coding of data taken from the naturalization application or 
through the automated Naturalization Casework System 
(NACS), an application tracking system which has been 
implemented in the larger INS offices. The data collected 
on aliens naturalized include demographic variables (e.g., 
date and country of birth, sex, marital status, and 
occupation) as well as immigration-oriented variables (e.g., 
date of admission for permanent residence and section of 
naturalization law). 

Limitations of Data 

Data on naturalizations compiled by the INS are limited 
to permanent residents who have naturalized in court 
ceremonies or at administrative hearings. The data 
include those naturalizing as principals (Form N-400) 
and children whose parents are already U.S. citizens 
(Form N-402). Currently, individuals who derive or 
acquire U.S. citizenship are not included in the data 
collected by the INS. Data on those persons who, as 
children, automatically derive citizenship through their 
naturalizing parents, are collected only when a copy of 
the certificate of citizenship is requested from the INS on 
Form N-600. This document may be requested at the 
time the parents (principal aliens) become naturalized or 
any time thereafter. No information is available for 
children who automatically derive citizenship without a 
request being made for certificates of naturalization. 
Thus, the number of children deriving citizenship 
through the naturalization of their parents each year is 
unknown. 



Aliens who become U.S. citizens through the legislative 
process also are not covered in data collected by the INS. 
A recent example of the legislative procedure occurred 
upon the dissolution of the Trust Territory of the Pacific 
through which the Northern Mariana Islands became a 
commonwealth of the United States, making its residents 
U.S. citizens. 

The records for fiscal year 1995 are relatively complete 
with few exceptions. Data for fiscal year 1994 had fewer 
complete records because some offices entered data on 
naturalized person on an automated system that did not 
include all of the variables in the statistical system. 

Chart P 

Naturalizations of Immigrants in Residence 

before 1978 by Year of Naturalization: 

Fiscal Years 1989-95 

Thousands 



120 



100 
80 -t 
60 
40 
20 




n 
i i 



1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 



133 



Naturalization Rates 

While every immigrant admitted to the United States has 
the right to become a naturalized citizen after fulfilling the 
requirements, large numbers of them never become 
citizens. The term "naturalization rate" refers to the 
proportion of immigrants who have gained citizenship 
through naturalization. Naturalization rates vary greatly 
among different categories of immigrants. For example, 
immigrants who are young adults when they arrive, or who 
come from distant parts of the world such as Asia and 
Africa, tend to have higher naturalization rates than other 
groups. Persons admitted in certain classes of admission, 
such as those reserved for refugees and immigrants in 
professional occupations, also are very likely to naturalize. 

Linked-Records Method 

The most precise way of calculating naturalization rates 
would be to compare the number of persons who naturalize 
with the number eligible to do so. Persons who become 
citizens in any given year would be drawn from the 
population of immigrants in all previous years who were 
alive, remained in the United States, and served the 
required waiting period of 5 years (or less for some 



categories of immigrants). However, the exact size of the 
total eligible population is very difficult to estimate, 
because it contains the cumulative effect of many decades 
of immigrant experience, and some vital information such 
as emigration and mortality is not collected. As an 
alternative to such an approach, the Immigration and 
Naturalization Service has been following the 
naturalization experience of two immigration-year 
cohorts, those of 1977 and 1982, and estimating their 
naturalization rates. Without further systematic study, it is 
unclear to what extent (if any) these two groups represent 
the entire immigrant population; however, estimations of 
this nature do provide some insights and empirical data. 

These estimates are derived by linking the statistical 
records of the 1977 and 1982 immigrant groups with 
naturalization records starting in the year they became 
immigrants and for each subsequent year. Record 
linkages have been completed for all years through 1995, 
and the naturalization rates based on these linked records 
form the basis for this analysis. The calculations exclude 
persons who were under age 16 in the year they became 
permanent resident aliens. Because children under 16 
may automatically derive U.S. citizenship based on the 
naturalization of their parents, many children gain 



Chart Q 
Naturalizations Through Fiscal Year 1995 of Immigrants Admitted in Fiscal Year 1977 by Year 



1977 
1978 
1979 
1980 
1981 
1982 
1983 
1984 
1985 
1986 
1987 
1988 
1989 
1990 
1991 
1992 
1993 
1994 
1995 

Thousands 



Percent 
Naturalized 

2 
.8 
1.1 
1.9 
1.3 
4.6 
7.7 
6.9 
4.4 
2.8 
1.9 
1.7 
1.5 
1.2 
.9 
1.0 
2.2 
2.1 
1.6 



10 



15 



20 



25 



30 



134 



citizenship without having a record created for them in an 
INS data base. Since we know from annual naturalization 
data that the median number of years of residence for 
persons naturalizing is 8 to 9 years, an adequate period of 
time for analysis of these cohorts' naturalization patterns 
has elapsed. By the end of 1995, 45.9 percent of the 1977 
immigrant cohort and 41.5 percent of the 1982 cohort had 
become naturalized citizens. 

Data Overview 

As Chart Q shows, naturalizations of the 1977 immigrant 
cohort peaked during their sixth and seventh years (1983 
and 1984) following admission as an immigrant. The 
annual numbers becoming citizens from this cohort 
declined beginning in 1984, and reached a low point in 
1991. There was a small surge of naturalization during 
1993 and 1994. This increase was generally thought to be 
due in part to the "Green Card Replacement Program" 
described earlier. Immigrants from the 1977 cohort will 



continue to naturalize for many years, since more than half 
of these immigrants have not yet naturalized. The early, 
small peak of persons who naturalized during their third 
year (1980) reflects the fact that some categories of 
immigrants are eligible to naturalize in fewer than 5 years, 
especially spouses of U.S. citizens, for whom the waiting 
period is 3 years (see Naturalization Program). 

Another large category of immigrants in the 1977 cohort 
was Cuban refugees, many of whom had lived in the 
United States since the 1960s and adjusted to immigrant 
status under the provisions of the Cuban Adjustment Act 
of 1966. That legislation established an artificial "date of 
admission" as 30 months prior to the date of adjustment of 
status, which gave most of the 1977 Cuban immigrant 
cohort an admission date in 1974 or early 1975 for 
naturalization purposes. 

Naturalizations of the 1982 immigrant cohort, displayed in 
Table L, peaked during their sixth year (1988) following 



Table L 
Naturalizations Through Fiscal Year 1995 of Immigrants Admitted in Fiscal Years 1977 

and 1982 by Year 



Years since admission 
to immigrant status 



Number naturalized 



Cumulative percent naturalized 



1977 cohort 


1982 cohort 


1977 cohort 


1982 cohort 


161,438 


185,726 


45.9 


41.5 


574 


308 


.2 


.1 


2,907 


663 


1.0 


.2 


3,848 


1,430 


2.1 


.5 


6,626 


11,118 


4.0 


3.0 


4,597 


20,181 


5.3 


7.5 


16,319 


28,657 


9.9 


13.9 


27,121 


39,514 


17.6 


22.8 


24,462 


25,195 


24.6 


28.4 


15,366 


16,372 


28.9 


32.0 


9,790 


10,259 


31.7 


34.3 


6,539 


8,272 


33.6 


36.2 


6,039 


9,048 


35.3 


38.2 


5,283 


9,403 


36.8 


40.3 


4,248 


5,229 


38.0 


41.5 


3,226 


X 


38.9 


X 


3,543 


X 


39.9 


X 


7,864 


X 


42.1 


X 


7,497 


X 


44.3 


X 


5,523 


X 


45.8 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 



Total naturalized 

Less than 1 year 

1 - less than 2 years 

2 - less than 3 years 

3 - less than 4 years .... 

4 - less than 5 years 

5 - less than 6 years 

6 - less than 7 years .... 

7 - less than 8 years .... 

8 - less than 9 years .... 

9 - less than 10 years .. 

10- less than 11 years 

11 - less than 12 years 

1 2 - less than 1 3 years 

13 - less than 14 years 

14 - less than 15 years 

15 - less than 16 years 

16 - less than 17 years 

17 - less than 18 years 

18 - less than 19 years 

19 - less than 20 years 

Unknown 

X Not applicable. 



66 



77 



135 



admission to immigrant status. Like the 1977 cohort, the 
1982 immigrants will continue to naturalize for many 
years, but unlike it, the 1982 cohort did not contain a large 
number of persons eligible to become citizens before the 
usual 5-year waiting period had passed. A comparison of 
the cumulative naturalization rates for the two arrival 
cohorts (displayed in the last two columns of Table L) 
shows that during their first 3 years after gaining 
immigrant status, the 1977 cohort was naturalizing at a 
higher rate, but since the fourth year, the 1982 cohort has 
been naturalizing more rapidly. By the end of the 
fourteenth year, the naturalization rate of the 1982 cohort 
was running about 3.5 percentage points above that of the 
1977 cohort. 

Immigrants who have not naturalized in these cohorts to 
date may be divided analytically into three categories: 
those who die before naturalizing; those who emigrate 
before naturalizing; and those who either do not apply or 
are not approved. There may be several explanations for 
the last category: problems in meeting the requirements of 
the naturalization process, such as fees; requirements for 
passing examinations in English language, history, and 
civics; necessity of showing "good moral character"; or 
personal decisions not to apply for various reasons. 

Age at the time of immigration plays a key role in 
determining who naturalizes and who does not. In the 
1977 cohort, the probability of naturalizing is highest for 
persons who were 25 years old when they became 
immigrants; about 54 percent of that group became 
citizens by 1995. The pattern differs somewhat in the 
1982 cohort, with people who became immigrants at age 
18 being the most likely (49 percent) to have naturalized 
(Chart R). In both cohorts, persons in their late teens 
through their early thirties at the time of immigration 
generally are most likely to naturalize, and the rate 
declines steadily among older immigrants. In the 1977 
cohort, age 43 is the dividing line for naturalization rates 
above and below the average, but in the 1982 cohort, the 
comparable division is at age 35. The very low rates of 
naturalization for the elderly may reflect their higher death 
rates as well as other factors. 

Naturalization rates also differ greatly by the original 
immigrant visa category, although changes in the 
immigration laws since these cohorts entered have made 
some of the categories less relevant to understanding 
naturalization patterns among more recent arrivals. 
Approximately 71 percent of the 1977 third preference 
immigrants, members of the professions and their 
immediate families, had become citizens by 1995. Among 
the six immigrant preference categories in the 1982 cohort, 
the professionals and their immediate families had the 
highest naturalization rate (52.2 percent) by 1995. 



Chart R 

Naturalization Rates Through Fiscal Year 1995 

of Immigrants Admitted in Fiscal 

Years 1977 and 1982 by Age 

Naturalization rate (percent) 

60 



50 
40 
30 
20 

io H 



o 




Fiscal year 1977 immigrants 
Fiscal year 1982 immigrants 



Age 16 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70+ 



More than 67 percent of the 1977 immigrants admitted 
under the old seventh preference, the category reserved 
for refugees at that time, had naturalized by 1995. 
Though new laws governed the admission of refugees by 
1982, most refugee groups were still very likely to 
naturalize. Persons granted political asylum in 1982 
under the Refugee Act of 1980 had a naturalization rate 
of 61.4 percent by 1995, while 53 percent of those 
admitted as refugees under the same law had naturalized. 
Immigrants admitted under the Indochinese Refugee Act 
of 1977 had a 54.8 percent naturalization rate, while 50.9 
percent of refugee-parolees admitted under a 1978 law 
naturalized by 1995. 

For the 1977 cohort, among the major immigrant 
categories, the lowest naturalization rates are observed 
among the former category of numerically-limited 
Western Hemisphere immigrants (30.3 percent), 
immediate relatives of U.S. citizens (37.3 percent), and 
the former category of nonpreference immigrants (42.2 
percent). Immigrants admitted as fiances or fiancees of 
U.S. citizens, and their minor children, have a 44.8 
percent rate, slightly below the cohort average. 
Continuing the trend of the 1977 cohort, immediate 
relatives of U.S. citizens in the 1982 cohort have the 
lowest naturalization rate of the major immigrant 
categories, at 31.4 percent. 

The differing tendency to naturalize among immigrants 
from different parts of the world is especially striking. In 



136 



general, immigrants from Asia, Africa, and Eastern Europe 
are very likely to naturalize, while immigrants from 
Western Europe and the Western Hemisphere are less 
likely to do so. Some interesting exceptions are observed; 
for example, few Japanese immigrants become U.S. 
citizens. Tables M and N display the 20 countries that 
were the largest sources of immigrants aged 16 or older in 
the 1977 and 1982 cohorts, respectively, with the 
corresponding numbers who have naturalized through 
1995 and their naturalization rates. 

For the 1977 cohort (Table M), naturalization rates range 
from a high of 65.5 percent naturalized for immigrants 
from the People's Republic of China to a low of 16.8 
percent of immigrants from Germany. For the 1982 cohort 
(Table N), all of the countries with above average 
naturalization rates are Asian except for the former Soviet 
Union and Guyana. The naturalization rate for persons 
who immigrated from Taiwan in 1982 had reached 70.9 
percent by 1995, while the lowest rate was observed 
among Germans, 10.6 percent. 

Among the countries that appear in the top 20 in both 
years, the 1982 cohort's rates are lower, partly because 
they have had less time to naturalize, but in some cases the 
decline in the rate is greater than would be expected due to 
the time factor alone. The decline is particularly large 
among immigrants from Korea, Cuba, Jamaica, and India. 
The overall higher rate at which the 1982 cohort is 
naturalizing despite the observed lower rate for many 



major source countries appears to be explained by the 
different composition of the two immigrant cohorts. In 
1982, more of the top 20 source countries were in Asia, 
and a higher proportion of the immigrants had entered as 
refugees. 

Substantial differences in naturalization rates can also be 
seen among immigrants in different occupational 
categories. In general, immigrants in high status 
occupations, particularly medical professionals and 
engineers, have the highest naturalization rates. 
Categories of immigrants without a current attachment to 
the labor force, such as those who report themselves to be 
unemployed or retired, and those with farming, forestry, 
and fishing related occupations, have the lowest 
naturalization rates. 

Significant differences in naturalization rates are found 
among persons by marital status. Among the 1977 cohort, 
approximately 54.1 percent of those who were single at 
the time of immigration have become citizens, while only 
about 43.1 percent of those who were married at that time 
have done so. A similar pattern is also observed for the 
1982 cohort. The naturalization rates are 49.4 percent and 
38.2 percent, respectively. 

Limitations of Linked-Records Method 

This analysis is based on linking the records of individuals 
who became immigrants in 1977 and 1982 with 



Table M 
Naturalization Rates Through Fiscal Year 1995 of Immigrants Admitted in Fiscal Year 1977 

by Selected Country of Birth 



Immigrants in 1977 ' 

Country of birth Number Naturalizations Rate . 

admitted through 1995 



Immigrants in 1977 ' 

Country of birth Number Naturalizations 

admitted through 1995 



All countries 352,070 

China, People's Rep. 1 4,42 1 

Soviet Union 4,535 

Philippines 31,686 

Guyana 4,115 

Korea 19,824 

India 15,033 

Colombia 6,138 

Cuba 57,023 

Jamaica 7,896 

Haiti 4,268 



161,438 



45.9 



9,444 


65.5 


2,965 


65.4 


20,094 


63.4 


2,439 


59.3 


11,745 


59.2 


8,877 


59.1 


3,126 


50.9 


26,668 


46.8 


3,587 


45.4 


1,841 


43.1 



Trinidad & Tobago . 4,516 

Greece 6,577 

Ecuador 4,063 

Portugal 6,964 

Dominican Republic 8,955 

United Kingdom .... 8,982 

Mexico 30,967 

Italy 5,843 

Canada 9,000 

Germany 4,899 

Other 96,365 



1,722 


38.1 


2,208 


33.6 


1,319 


32.5 


2,051 


29.5 


2,561 


28.6 


2,032 


22.6 


6,869 


22.2 


1,131 


19.4 


1,626 


18.1 


824 


16.8 


48,309 


50.1 



Ages 16 and over. Naturalizations through 1995 divided by the number of immigrants admitted 



137 



Table N 
Naturalization Rates Through Fiscal Year 1995 of Immigrants Admitted in Fiscal Year 1982 

by Selected Country of Birth 



Country of birth 



Immigrants in 1982 



Number 
admitted 



Naturalizations 
through 1995 



Rate 



Country of birth 



Immigrants in 1982 



Number 
admitted 



Naturalizations 
through 1995 



Rate 



All countries .... 447,766 185,726 41.5 

Taiwan 7,304 5,182 70.9 

Vietnam 49,721 31,407 63.2 

Philippines 36,015 22,555 62.6 

Soviet Union 11,837 7,234 61.1 

Guyana 6,800 3,751 55.2 

Iran 9,231 4,982 54.0 

China, People's Rep. 23,409 12,183 52.0 

Cambodia 8,921 3,928 44.0 

India 17,902 7,829 43.7 

Colombia 6,637 2,522 38.0 



Korea 23,000 8,472 36.8 

Laos 22,480 7,405 32.9 

Haiti 6,904 2,222 32.2 

Cuba 6,955 2,142 30.8 

Jamaica 13,213 3,957 29.9 

Dominican Republic 12,951 2,916 22.5 

United Kingdom .... 11,325 1,921 17.0 

Mexico 41,929 6,037 14.4 

Canada 7,787 981 12.6 

Germany 5,707 606 10.6 

Other 117,738 47,494 40.3 



Ages 16 and over. Naturalizations through 1995 divided by the number of immigrants admitted. 



subsequent years' naturalization records pertaining to those 
same individuals. Errors in either record may prevent a 
successful match, so some people who did naturalize may 
be classified as not having done so. This would cause the 
calculated naturalization rates to be underestimated. The 
rates are also underestimated to the extent that immigrants 
die before naturalizing. However, due to the relatively 
young age structure of these two immigrant cohorts, the 
effect of the latter factor is believed to be relatively small. 

The record linkage work was performed anew for this 
analysis. In the 1977 cohort, the data linkage added 15,503 
matched naturalization records for persons aged 16 and 
older, of which 7,755 persons were naturalized in calendar 
year 1995 and 7,711 in calendar year 1994. For the 1982 
cohort, the record linkage work added 17,265 records, 
including 7,949 persons who naturalized in calendar year 
1995. Small changes also appear for both cohorts in the 
distribution of years of naturalization beginning in fiscal 
year 1987, compared to the figures published in the 1994 
Statistical Yearbook. 

The naturalization rates reported here represent the 
cumulative experience of the 1977 and 1982 immigrant 
cohorts through 1995. These rates will continue to increase 
over time as more of these immigrants become citizens. 
Because of new programs recently implemented by the 
Immigration and Naturalization Service (such as the 
Citizenship U.S.A. Program initiated in 1995), the yearly 
increment is not predictable at this time. The experience of 



these cohorts will continue to be reported in future 
Yearbooks. This analysis covers only two cohorts. It is 
possible that immigrants arriving in earlier or later years 
behave differently with regard to naturalization, as 
indicated by the differences noted between the two 
cohorts. 

Country-Cohort Method 

Naturalization rates have been calculated using another 
method, comparing immigration and naturalization cohorts 
over a period of time by country of birth. Chart S shows 
the number of immigrants admitted from the 15 leading 
countries of birth who entered the United States during the 
1970-79 period, and the number of persons from those 
countries who naturalized during 1970-95 and reported 
entry during 1970-79. The rates computed by the country- 
cohort method generally correspond to the naturalization 
rates calculated by the record-linkage method, despite the 
fact that the country-cohort method is less precise. 
Overall, nearly 45 percent of the immigrants who entered 
in the 1970-79 period had naturalized by the end of fiscal 
year 1995. 

Of the 15 countries with the greatest number of 
immigrants in the 1970-79 country cohorts, Asian 
countries have the highest naturalization rates. Vietnam 
had the highest rate at 96.2 percent, followed by China 
(the People's Republic and Taiwan combined) (69.9 
percent), the Philippines (66.5 percent), Korea (62.6 



138 



percent), and India (60.8 percent). The two countries with 
the lowest rates are contiguous to the United 
States — Canada (18.4 percent) and Mexico (21.7 percent). 
Other countries within North America have higher rates of 
naturalization, including Cuba (37.3 percent) and Jamaica 
(40.3 percent). Naturalization rates for European countries 
range from a low of 26. 1 percent for the United Kingdom to 
a high of 42.4 percent for Greece. 

Limitations of Country-Cohort Method 

The country-cohort results are not as precise as those 
calculated by linking individual records because persons 
under the age of 16 who may have derived their citizenship 
are included in the number of immigrants in the denominator 



but are not counted as naturalizations in the numerator. 
Other errors may result from misreporting of the year of 
initial entry in either the immigrant or naturalized citizen 
records. On the other hand, by combining immigrants from 
several years, the country-cohort method may avoid possible 
bias from unusual immigrant characteristics in any single 
year. The naturalization rate of 96.2 percent calculated for 
Vietnamese in the 1970-79 cohorts is substantially higher 
than the 70.2 percent naturalization rate through 1995 
observed among Vietnamese in the 1977 cohort alone. The 
1970-79 cohort figures are dominated by the large number 
of Vietnamese refugees who arrived in 1975 and became 
permanent resident aliens in 1978, the first year they were 
allowed to adjust their status under the Indochina Refugee 
Act. 



Chart S 

Immigrants Admitted, Calendar Years 1970-79 by Selected Country of Birth 

and Naturalizations of Those Immigrants: Fiscal Years 1970-95 



Percent 















Naturalized 


Mexico 


^m^/////z 


v//////// 


2 21 - 7 


Philippines 


^m^^m^^zzzzl 


'//A 


| Natural 
%7^\ Notnati 


zed 
jralized 


66.5 


Cuba 


^mmk//////,>////A 


ants I 


37.3 


Korea 


^^^^//Zm 


62.6 


China 

India 

Vietnam 


M^p. . .1 

W//A 


Total immigi 
admitted 


69.9 
60.8 
96.2 


Dominican Republic 

Italy 

Jamaica 

United Kingdom 

Canada 

Portugal 

Greece 

Colombia 


W/////A 
M//////A 
VM////A 
W////A 
W/////A 
W////A 

W///X 


32.0 

27.4 
40.3 
26.1 
18.4 
35.8 
42.4 
50.9 


Thousands 


) 100 200 300 400 500 6( 


)0 



NOTE: China includes (he People's Republic of China and Taiwan 



139 



TABLE 44. PETITIONS FOR NATURALIZATIONS FILED, PERSONS NATURALIZED, 

AND PETITIONS FOR NATURALIZATIONS DENIED 

FISCAL YEAR 1907-95 



Persons naturalized 



Military 



Not reported 



Petitions denied 



15,885,173 

164,036 
1,381.384 
1,884,277 
1,637,113 
1,938,066 
1,230,483 

1,142,985 

138,718 
129,682 
121,170 
113,218 
106,813 

104,853 
108,369 
103,085 
102,317 
114,760 

1,556,307 

109,897 
121,883 
126,929 
136,175 
149,399 

157,932 
41,220 
186,354 
168,854 
165,434 
192,230 

2375,727 
171,073 
201,507 
187,719 
286,440 
305,981 

290,732 
232,988 
237,752 
227,692 
233,843 

2,574,795 
206,668 
342,269 
522.298 
543,353 
960,207 



14^24,875 

111,738 

1,128,972 
1,773,185 
1,518,464 
1,987,028 
1,189,946 

1,120363 

132,450 
127,307 
124,178 
112,234 
104,299 

103,059 
104,902 
102,726 
98,709 
110,399 

1,464,772 
108,407 
116,215 
120,740 
131,655 
141,537 

142,504 
48,218 
159,873 
173,535 
164,150 
157,938 

2314,265 

166,317 
173,688 
178,948 
197,023 
244,717 

280,623 
227,008 
242.063 
233,777 
270,101 

1,716,242 

308,058 
240,252 
314,681 
407,398 
445,853 



13,474393 

111,738 
884,672 
1,716,979 
1,498,573 
1.837,229 
1.148,241 

1,084,195 

130,731 
124,972 
121,618 
109,629 
101,214 

100,498 
102,211 
100,288 
93,251 
99,783 

1397,846 

98,858 
107,740 
1 12,944 
124,807 
135.323 

136,873 
46,705 
154,568 
168,409 
158,276 
153,343 

2,155,519 

162,227 
170,071 
175,678 
192,113 
238,394 

275,352 
224,100 
239.541 
231,198 
246,845 

1,639,401 

299,373 
222,519 
303,211 
375,827 
438,471 



666,968 



244,300 
56,206 
19,891 

149,799 
41,705 

36,068 

1,719 
2,335 
2,560 
2,605 
3,085 

2,561 
2,691 
2,438 
5,458 
10,616 

66,926 

9,549 
8,475 
7,796 
6,848 
6,214 

5,631 
1,513 
5,305 
5,126 
5,874 
4,595 

28,317 

4,090 
3,617 
3,196 
2,965 
3,266 

2,901 
2,402 
2,296 
1,954 
1,630 

23,756 
1,804 
5,702 
7,069 
5,713 
3,468 



83314 



30,429 



74 
1,945 
3,057 

2,370 

506 

226 

625 

21,626 

53,085 

6,881 
12,031 

4,401 
25,858 

3,914 



690,658 

17,702 
118,725 
165,493 
45,792 
64,814 
27,569 

23,557 
3,175 
3,557 
2,436 
2,309 
2,059 

2,029 
2,008 
1,962 
2,043 
1,979 

27,978 
2,028 
1,837 
1,708 
2,210 
2,300 

2,231 
568 
2,845 
3,894 
3,987 
4,370 

47,224 
4,316 
3,994 
3,160 
3,373 
3,610 

5,980 
6,771 
4,304 
5,200 
6,516 

151,804 

6,268 
19,293 
39,931 
40,561 

45.751 



- Represents zero. 

NOTE: See Glossary for fiscal year definitions. See Naturalization section of text for an explanation of the data collected by the INS's workload measurement 
system and INS data on characteristics of persons naturalized See Naturalization section of text for an explanation of the large number of naturalizations with 
unreported information for 1990-92 and 1994. 



140 



TABLE 45. PERSONS NATURALIZED BY GENERAL AND SPECIAL NATURALIZATION PROVISIONS 

FISCAL YEARS 1990-95 



Naturalization provisions 


1990 


1991 


1992 


1993 


1994 


1995 




270,101 


308,058 


240,252 


314,681 


407398 


445,853 




225,319 


269,594 


197,559 


273,857 


342,863 


411,822 




23,156 


31,583 


30,662 


36,423 


38,677 


30,117 


Persons married to U.S. citizens 


15.126 


21,833 


19,151 


22,392 


24,941 


22,222 


Children, including adopted children, of U.S. 
















6,339 


7,901 


5,743 


6,759 


7,718 


4,185 




1,630 


1,804 


5,702 


7,069 


5,713 


3,468 


Persons who served in the U.S. armed forces 
















1,208 


1,139 


989 


1,019 


1,028 


740 


Persons who served in the U.S. armed 














forces during World War I, World War II, 














the Korean hostilities, the Vietnam 














hostilities, or the Grenada campaign 


418 


625 


429 


500 


194 


208 












3 




Persons honorably discharged from the U.S. 














armed forces following service in 














World War II 


4 


5 


2 


4 


1 


- 


Natives of the Philippines who served 














honorably in the Philippine Army during 














World War II 


X 
61 


35 
45 


4.282 
66 


5,546 
203 


4,487 
305 


2,520 




242 


Surviving spouses of citizen members of the 




armed forces of the United States 


1 


2 


9 


10 


9 


3 


Employees of nonprofit organizations engaged 














in disseminating information promoting 














U.S. interests 


1 


3 


1 


1 


2 


1 


Persons who served on certain U.S. vessels 


19 


12 


14 


21 


27 


21 


Nationals but not citizens of the United States . 


5 


10 


21 


14 


15 


17 


Philippine citizens who entered the United 














States prior to May 1, 1934, and have 














resided continuously in the United States .... 




3 




10 




- 


Certain inhabitants of the Virgin Islands who 














renounced Danish citizenship 












- 


Former U.S. citizens who lost citizenship by 
















13 


10 


11 


38 


67 


21 


Former U.S. citizens who lost citizenship by 














entering the armed forces of foreign 














countries during World War II 


1 


1 


3 


1 


2 


3 


Persons naturalized under private law 


4 


3 


5 


3 


8 


6 


Persons who perform ministerial or priestly 














functions of a religious order in the 














United States 


17 
21,626 


1 
6,881 


2 
12,031 


105 
4,401 


175 
25.858 


170 




3,914 







NOTE: See Naturalization section of text for explanation of the large number of naturalizations with unreported information for 1990-92 and 1994. 
- Represents zero. X Not applicable. 



141 



TABLE 46. PERSONS NATURALIZED BY SELECTED NATURALIZATION PROVISIONS 

AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF FORMER ALLEGIANCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1995 



Region and country 
of former allegiance 



Total 
naturalized 



General 
provisions 



Special provisions 



Married to 
U.S. citizens 



Children of 
U.S. parents 



Military 



AU countries 

Europe 

Austria 

Belgium 

Bulgaria 

Czechoslovakia 

Denmark 

France 

Germany 

Greece 

Hungary 

Ireland 

Italy 

Latvia 

Lithuania 

Netherlands 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Soviet Union 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

Afghanistan 

Bangladesh 

Burma 

Cambodia 

China, People's Republic 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Iraq 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Kuwait 

Laos 

Lebanon 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Sri Lanka 

Syria 

Taiwan 

Thailand 

Turkey 

Vietnam 

Yemen 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Cape Verde 

Egypt 

Ethiopia 

Ghana 

See footnotes al end of table. 

142 



445,853 

66,027 

264 

206 

225 

570 

215 

1,431 

3,450 

2,086 

799 

1,873 

3,939 

189 

210 

694 

7,845 

3,901 

3,187 

16,172 

739 

259 

434 

14,143 

2,619 

577 

168312 

1,881 

1,271 

742 

3,296 

20,009 

17,880 

495 

10,407 

1,433 

2,674 

1.275 

2,449 

14,170 

320 

3,796 

3,927 

402 

4,752 

33,634 

492 

1,635 

9,316 

1,443 

1.494 

28,074 

496 

549 

17,020 

521 
2,478 
2,754 
1,533 



411,822 

61,803 

244 

181 

185 

522 

204 

1,287 

3,201 

1,906 

720 

1,775 

3,762 

182 

191 

653 

7,366 

3,803 

2,894 

15,510 

683 

244 

388 

12,981 

2,394 

527 

148,231 

1,794 
1,093 

661 
3,220 
17,915 
16,200 

438 
9,941 
1,269 
2,198 
1,198 
1,797 
13,176 

204 
3,695 
3,245 

327 
4,152 
24,879 

458 
1,328 
8,549 
1,291 
1,242 
27,243 

296 

422 

15,016 

491 
2,030 
2,658 

1,407 



30,117 

3,556 

15 

23 

36 

40 

9 

132 

211 

158 

71 

86 

129 

7 

17 

34 

412 

86 

233 

489 

48 

13 

43 

1,020 

202 

42 

18J30 

75 
155 

70 

57 
1,921 
1,461 

52 
415 
149 
429 

69 
604 
739 
107 

76 
638 

69 

532 

8,359 

34 
282 
686 
127 
239 
605 
167 
113 

1,873 

29 
420 

85 
111 



22,222 

2,965 

12 

20 

32 

32 

8 

120 

173 

140 

63 

76 

120 

7 

13 

32 

355 

57 

171 

392 

40 

12 

38 

827 

188 

37 

12,597 

46 

123 

64 

22 

1,651 

1,101 

44 

381 

131 

384 

60 

540 

532 

93 

25 

571 

65 

430 

4,785 

32 

270 

570 

80 

219 

270 

29 

79 

1,724 
19 

388 
71 
95 



4,185 

520 

3 
3 
4 
7 
1 
12 
25 
18 
5 
9 
5 

2 

1 

53 

26 

59 

96 

8 

1 

5 

160 

14 

3 

2,421 

29 

29 

4 

32 

257 

357 

7 

34 

18 

45 

5 

62 

183 

14 

48 

63 

4 

101 

439 

2 

12 

111 

44 

19 

330 

138 

34 

126 

10 
31 

14 
14 



3,468 
55 



3,033 

2 
2 
3 
6 
3 



242 
16 



179 

1 

7 
1 

2 

11 

1 
2 

1 
145 



TABLE 46. PERSONS NATURALIZED BY SELECTED NATURALIZATION PROVISIONS 

AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF FORMER ALLEGIANCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1995— Continued 



Region and country 
of former allegiance 



Kenya 

Liberia 

Libya 

Morocco 

Niger 

Nigeria 

Sierra Leone 

Somalia 

South Africa 

Sudan 

Tanzania 

Uganda 

Other Africa 

Oceania 

Australia 

Fiji 

New Zealand 

Tonga 

Western Samoa 

Other Oceania 

North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Antigua-Barbuda 

Bahamas, The 

Barbados 

Cuba 

Dominica 

Dominican Republic 

Grenada 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

St. Kitts & Nevis 

St. Lucia 

St. Vincent & Grenadines 

Trinidad & Tobago 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Paraguay 

Peru 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Other South America 

Stateless 

Nol reported 

- Represents zero. 



Total 
naturalized 



318 

722 
186 
625 
208 

4,412 
554 
202 
748 
173 
184 
218 

1,184 

1,774 
258 
681 

229 
216 
182 
208 

155,284 

7,598 

67,238 

54,792 

658 

204 

1,263 

16,994 

396 

9,892 

717 

7,855 

10,949 

555 

395 

476 

4,438 

25,656 

738 

1,055 

11,505 

4,327 

2,758 

3,610 

1.663 

36,544 

2.510 
1.102 
1,206 
1,200 
12.333 
5.126 
5,533 

208 
5.571 

655 

1,041 

59 

540 



General 
provisions 



286 
664 
173 
359 
189 
3,965 
506 
182 
672 
121 
171 
204 
938 

1,621 

239 
635 
209 
208 
163 
167 

150,202 

7,171 

65,916 

52,724 

633 

188 

1,220 

16,884 

375 

9,202 

697 

7,563 

10,444 

542 

365 

454 

4,157 

24,391 

717 

991 

11,203 

4,126 

2,565 

3,415 

1.374 

34,145 

2,370 

1.039 

1,032 

1,125 

11,663 

4.953 

5.183 

153 

5,028 

631 

923 

45 

515 



Special provisions 



27 
50 
10 

254 
18 

426 
43 
20 
74 
48 
13 
12 

233 

128 

17 
43 
17 
6 
13 
32 

4,210 

371 
1,092 
1,654 

13 

16 

33 

77 

14 

563 

13 

227 

388 

9 

24 

14 

263 

1,093 

17 

56 

262 

167 

156 

177 

258 

2,082 

127 

53 
154 

59 
579 
144 
295 

33 
496 

20 
108 

14 

24 
14 



Married to 
U.S. citizens 



19 

45 
10 

254 
16 

392 
41 
20 
69 
42 
10 
11 

222 

95 

12 
37 
15 
6 
12 
13 

3,134 

288 

849 
1,145 

8 
13 

22 

46 

12 

379 

8 

170 

239 

6 

19 

7 

216 

852 

12 

35 

210 

105 

Ii8 

148 

224 

1,683 

117 

47 

123 

42 

47S 

II I 

185 

10 

44-1 

20 

95 

II 

20 

4 



Children of 
US parents 



Military 



774 
60 
148 
379 



52 
104 



5 
21 
187 

18 
39 
56 
36 



289 

22 
93 
126 

4 
3 
8 

12 
1 

12 



143 



TABLE 47. PERSONS NATURALIZED BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF FORMER ALLEGIANCE 

FISCAL YEARS 1986-95 



Region and country of 
former allegiance 



All countries 

Europe 

Austria 

Czechoslovakia 

France 

Germany 

Greece 

Hungary 

Ireland 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Soviet Union 

Spain 

Switzerland 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia , 

Afghanistan 

Bangladesh 

Burma 

Cambodia 

China, People's Republic 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Iraq 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Kuwait 

Laos 

Lebanon 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Sri Lanka 

Syria 

Taiwan 

Thailand 

Turkey 

Vietnam 

Yemen 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Cape Verde 

Egypt 

Ethiopia 

Ghana 

Kenya 

Liberia 

Morocco 

Nigeria 

Sierra Leone 

South Africa 

Other Africa 

See footnotes at end of table 



280,623 

44,598 

192 

697 

1,147 

3.248 

2.750 

824 

991 

3.110 

569 

3,140 

4,177 

1,816 

9,370 

658 

285 

8,609 

1,758 

1.257 

134,695 

297 

296 

888 

1,847 

11.151 

10,017 

538 

4,569 

1,659 

2,300 

1,011 

1,819 

18,037 

111 

3,426 

3,011 

315 

2.285 

31.002 

238 

1,096 

4,501 

1,750 

1.019 

30.840 

254 

418 

6334 

101 

1,888 

474 

497 

225 

109 

253 

211 

66 

1,296 

1,214 



227,008 

36332 

105 

699 

975 

2,315 

2,083 

661 

813 

2,601 

485 

2,731 

3,518 

1,909 

7,276 

487 

225 

7,102 

1,495 

1,052 

113392 

528 

334 

634 

2,816 

9,208 

8,659 

425 

4,277 

1,316 

1,740 

752 

1,700 

14,233 

94 

3,159 

2.350 

336 

1,976 

25,296 

236 

890 

4,033 

1,327 

980 

25.469 

229 

395 

5,956 

196 

1,731 
714 
434 
197 
159 
239 
159 
96 
884 

1,147 



242,063 

36351 

93 

775 

950 

2,363 

2,239 

683 

827 

2,852 

449 

4,145 

3,236 

2,060 

5.304 

616 

254 

7,042 

1,484 

979 

114,849 

905 

419 

532 

3,132 

10,509 

9,983 

384 

4,970 

1,397 

1,815 

1,041 

1,834 

13,012 

119 

3,480 

2,262 

323 

2,174 

24,580 

230 

1,097 

5,716 

1.308 

1.242 

21,636 

317 

432 

7,122 

204 
1,960 

1,142 
617 
186 
224 
274 
274 
117 
746 

1,378 



233,777 

35,079 

71 

949 

940 

2,196 

2,768 

580 

787 

2,492 

410 

5,002 

2,698 

2,190 

3,020 

490 

246 

7,865 

1,342 

1,033 

111,488 

1,051 

496 

479 
3,234 
11,664 
9,833 

352 
4,485 
1,387 
1,703 

727 
1,872 
11,301 

198 
3,463 
2,213 

362 
2,443 
24,802 

298 

908 
5,779 
1,167 
1,085 
19,357 

349 

480 

7,209 

223 

1,638 

1,246 

567 

202 

229 

243 

932 

137 

687 

1,105 



270,101 

37,264 

83 

916 

1,091 

2,395 

2,270 

743 

742 

2,453 

410 

5,972 

2,491 

2,914 

2,847 

535 

302 

8,286 

1,640 

1,174 

124,675 

1.141 

696 

597 
3,525 
13,563 
11,499 

350 
5.973 
1.855 
2,102 

736 
2,408 
10,500 

247 
3,329 
2,797 

426 
3,330 
25,936 

335 
1,146 
6,895 
1,145 
1,214 
22,027 

419 

484 

8,770 

272 

1,945 

1,370 

714 

257 

283 

320 

1,415 

163 

697 

1,334 



308,058 

37,808 
113 

843 

1,413 

2,197 

1,820 

814 

746 

1,976 

508 

5,493 

1,848 

3,471 

2,822 

436 

357 

9,935 

1,642 

1.374 

160367 
1,392 

874 

827 

4,786 

16,783 

12,961 

603 

10,411 

1,641 

2,789 

938 

2,493 

12,266 

301 

3.594 

3,570 

477 

3,670 

33,714 

464 

1,480 

10.876 

1,379 

1,349 

29.603 

590 

536 

10,230 

178 

2,644 

1.453 

669 

273 

356 

365 

1,775 

194 

883 

1,440 



240,252 

30,781 

100 

676 

1.124 

1.901 

1.769 

608 

738 

1.618 

378 

4,681 

1,884 

2,457 

1,648 

462 

310 

7,800 

1,452 

1,175 

121,965 

1,047 

967 

454 
2,749 
13,488 
13,413 

309 
6,778 
1,196 
2,376 

621 
2,297 
8,297 

299 
3,052 
2.881 

388 

3.350 

28,579 

333 
1,200 
6,408 

962 

1.124 

18,357 

528 

512 

9,628 

226 

2,098 

1.505 

692 

237 

359 

396 

1.862 

187 

650 

1,416 



314,681 

42,162 

199 

629 

1,239 

2,554 

2,135 

624 

1,079 

3,495 

471 

5,551 

3,978 

2,699 

2,763 

615 

393 

10,158 

2,198 

1,382 

145318 
1,539 

942 

469 
3,149 
16,851 
16,506 

408 
7,029 
1,522 
2,609 

989 
2,678 
9,611 

344 
3,945 
3,402 

418 
3.777 
33.864 

445 
1,312 
7.384 
1,169 
1,229 
22,427 

706 

594 

11,293 

216 

2,045 

1,858 

722 

307 

455 

482 

2,378 

292 

830 

1,708 



407398 

61,476 

277 

670 

1,698 

3,590 

2,538 

777 

1,615 

5,622 

687 

6,857 

5,997 

3,250 

6,708 

794 

560 

15,003 

2,917 

1,916 

173,550 

1,884 
1,151 

692 
3,754 
20,828 
20,454 

451 
8,746 
1,635 
3,041 
1,292 
2,836 
11,389 

409 
5.643 
4,255 

484 
4.455 
37,304 

489 
1,631 
9,450 
1,467 
1,555 
26,833 

768 

654 

15327 

516 

2,430 

2,372 

1.112 

346 

620 

681 

3.714 

399 

1,091 

2,046 



144 



TABLE 47. PERSONS NATURALIZED BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF FORMER ALLEGIANCE 

FISCAL YEARS 1986-95— Continued 



Region and country of 
former allegiance 



Oceania 

Fiji 

Other Oceania 

North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean , 

Antigua-Barbuda 

Barbados 

Cuba 

Dominica 

Dominican Republic 

Grenada 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

St. Kitts& Nevis 

St. Lucia 

St. Vincent & Grenadines 

Trinidad & Tobago 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 



South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Peru 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Other South America ... 

U.S. possessions 

Stateless or not reported 



1,057 

368 
689 



899 

787 

807 

442 

178 

036 

818 

165 

5,980 

250 

2,608 

6,563 

75 

66 

103 

1,476 

124 

9,863 

366 

968 

2,628 

1,841 

1,400 

1,343 

1,317 

16,925 
1,593 

514 

615 

1,242 

5,156 

1,870 

2,784 

2,180 

337 

468 

166 

13 

3,102 



902 

377 
525 

54,794 

2,919 

21,999 

21,751 

205 
794 

6,738 
266 

4,257 
290 

1,936 

5,196 
154 
221 
205 

1,427 
62 

8,125 
316 
658 

2,428 

1,490 
964 

1,118 

1,151 

13,945 

1.194 

401 

466 

955 

4,006 

1,519 

2,694 

1,844 

379 

373 

114 

3 

1,484 



779 

353 
426 

65,096 

2,947 
22,085 
31,110 

550 

896 

11,228 

421 

5,842 

360 

2,350 

6,441 

325 

281 

250 

2,079 

87 

8,954 

426 

726 

2,291 

1,358 

1,229 

1,363 

1,561 

16,972 

1,288 

448 

553 

1.040 

5.021 

1,774 

3,535 

2,255 

406 

490 

162 

31 

863 



868 

436 
432 

61,954 

2,922 
18.520 
31,952 

490 

931 

9,514 

436 

6.454 

413 

3,692 

6,455 

405 

249 

263 

2,552 

98 

8,560 

373 

676 

2,001 

1,281 

1.167 

1.271 

1,791 

16,503 

1,246 

424 

564 

887 

4,736 

1,671 

3,654 

2,267 

381 

521 

152 

52 

624 



881 

374 
507 

64,730 

3,644 
17,564 
34^20 

339 

970 

10.291 

399 

5.984 

459 

5,009 

6,762 

265 

204 

279 

3,198 

161 

9,202 

389 

589 

2,410 

1,280 

1,259 

1,520 

1,755 

19,548 
1,466 

471 

674 

866 

5,540 

2,052 

4,306 

2,829 

433 

751 

160 

52 

14,181 



1,045 

477 
568 

71,838 

4,441 

22,066 

34,025 

478 

852 

9.554 

550 

6.368 

456 

4.436 

6,838 

699 

286 

324 

3,033 

151 

11306 

499 

792 

3,653 

1,832 

1,306 

1,732 

1,492 

20,928 

1,850 

519 

683 

920 

5,513 

2,215 

4,826 

3,088 

400 

747 

167 

53 

5,789 



891 

398 
493 

56,710 

4,067 

12,880 

32,272 

376 

669 

7,763 

308 

8,464 

421 

3,993 

6,765 

307 

194 

254 

2,602 

156 

7,491 

304 

547 

2,056 

1,086 

1,248 

1,100 

1.150 

19,982 

1.237 

423 

679 

713 

6,439 

1,857 

4,717 

2.633 

371 

730 

183 

51 

244 



1,208 

544 
664 

87,751 

6,662 

23,630 

47,061 

439 

855 

15,109 

285 

12,274 

552 

5,202 

7,976 

372 

236 

328 

3,293 

140 

10,398 

381 

672 

3,057 

1,682 

1,713 

1,500 

1.393 

26,464 

1,611 

571 

922 

862 

9,976 

2,703 

4,938 

3.274 

577 

829 

201 

76 

409 



1,673 

687 
986 

120,734 

8,782 

39,310 

57300 

613 

1,423 

15,896 

382 

11.399 

815 

7,982 

12,173 

578 

378 

533 

4,896 

232 

15,342 

560 

965 

4,998 

2,625 

2.123 

2.269 

1.802 

33,974 

2,245 

783 

1.298 

1.129 

12,067 

3,791 

6,066 

4,520 

654 

1 ,075 

346 

101 

563 



1,650 

681 
969 

155384 
7,598 

67,238 

54,792 

658 

1,263 

16,994 

396 

9,892 

717 

7,855 

10.949 

555 

395 

476 

4,438 

204 

25,656 

738 

1,055 

11.505 

4.327 

2.758 

3.610 

1,663 

36344 

2,510 
1.102 
1,206 
1,200 
12,333 
5,126 
5,533 
5,571 

655 
1,041 

267 

124 



NOTE: See Naturalizations section of text for an explanation of the large number of naturalizations with unreported information for 1990-91. 



145 



TABLE 48. PERSONS NATURALIZED BY SEX, MARITAL STATUS, AND MAJOR OCCUPATION GROUP 

FISCAL YEARS 1990-95 



Sex, marital status, and occupation 



Total 

Male 

Single 

Married 

Widowed 

Divorced 

Separated 

Unknown 

Female 

Single 

Married 

Widowed 

Divorced 

Separated 

Unknown 

Not reported 

Major occupation group: 

Professional, technical, and kindred workers 
Managers and administrators (except farm) . 

Sales workers 

Clerical 

Craftsmen and kindred workers 

Operatives and laborers 

Farming, forestry, and fishing workers 

Service workers 

Homemakers, children, and others with 
no occupation reported 



270,101 

127,847 

38,723 

79,082 

1,054 

7,788 

531 

669 

127,096 

30,040 
82,822 
4,433 
8,452 

574 
775 

15,158 



23,876 
14,058 
13,938 
25,421 
16,270 
29,105 
1,253 
31.655 

114,525 



308,058 

151,620 

46,383 

92,913 

1,353 

10,161 

491 

319 

150,140 

36,798 

96,610 

5,350 

10,570 

478 

334 

6,298 



25,479 
15,776 
17,435 
40,778 
13,826 
21,136 
1,195 
57,643 

114,790 



240,252 

120,430 

31,596 

75,328 

1,391 

8,251 

236 

3,628 

114,273 

25,029 

72,841 

4,498 

8.153 

250 

3,502 

5,549 



23,456 
13,659 
10.437 
29.759 
11,211 
20,602 
1,316 
21,889 

107,923 



314,681 

155,910 

40,667 

102,320 

2.109 

10,511 

171 

132 

157,980 

34.279 

103.094 

7,817 

12,501 

138 

151 

791 



27,954 
24,047 
15,379 
34,926 
15,353 
27,893 
1.735 
27.749 

1 39,645 



407398 



193,510 


212,126 


48,705 


51,532 


122,385 


143,463 


2,158 


2,844 


12,888 


14,083 


134 


138 


7,240 


66 


206,882 


232,877 


42,982 


47,909 


128,975 


148,942 


9,966 


15,442 


16,321 


20,241 


144 


209 


8,494 


134 



35,718 
25,383 
16,575 
38,887 
17,663 
46,246 
2.134 
33,435 

191,357 



39,309 
32.942 
20,022 
50,832 
21,318 
62.227 
2,699 
43,330 

173,174 



NOTE: See Naturalizations section of text for an explanation of the large number of naturalizations with unreported information for 1990-92 and 1994. 



146 



TABLE 49. PERSONS NATURALIZED BY STATE OF RESIDENCE 
FISCAL YEARS 1986-95 



State of residence 


1986 


1987 


1988 


1989 


1990 


1991 


1992 


1993 


1994 


1995 




280,623 


227,008 


242,063 


233,777 


270,101 


308,058 


240,252 


314,681 


407398 


445,853 


Alabama 


664 


506 


646 


653 


590 


798 


598 


719 


955 


855 


Alaska 


577 


509 


622 


490 


607 


463 


793 


530 


649 


675 


Arizona 


3.121 


2,788 


2,136 


2,562 


2,152 


2,090 


3,037 


2,548 


3,983 


4,041 


Arkansas 


605 


540 


417 


374 


388 


413 


380 


405 


754 


164 


California 


105,284 


82,607 


65,397 


50,286 


61,736 


125,661 


52,411 


68.100 


90,279 


136,727 


Colorado 


2,490 


1,878 


2,252 


2,535 


1,414 


2,004 


1,402 


2,732 


3,185 


3,744 




3,650 


2,589 


3,209 


3,938 


3,895 


4,221 


5,070 


6,125 


5,461 


6,400 


Delaware 


258 


329 


347 


365 


301 


310 


289 


423 


688 


596 


District of Columbia 


817 


385 


696 


832 


613 


569 


786 


773 


1,305 


1,417 




20,366 


8,041 


15,589 


14,216 


22,978 


23,281 


21,129 


26,628 


35,389 


30.950 


Georgia 


1,834 


1,856 


2,104 


3,235 


2,952 


3,414 


2,299 


4,185 


5,419 


5,380 




4,760 


4,070 


3,763 


6,426 


5,077 


3,955 


4,475 


4,960 


4,659 


5,182 




288 


199 


230 


122 


481 


247 


208 


255 


304 


337 




18,606 


9,809 


6,330 


13,761 


19,868 


11,637 


10,891 


17,394 


17,363 


20,118 


Indiana 


1,275 


807 


1,148 


806 


1,085 


1,014 


1,323 


1,395 


1,607 


1,432 


Iowa 


715 


229 


454 


655 


609 


489 


374 


578 


838 


970 


Kansas 


1,226 


1,268 


1,360 


1,119 


899 


681 


911 


1,085 


1,063 


1,131 


Kentucky 


675 


630 


438 


572 


514 


338 


567 


534 


777 


677 


Louisiana 


2,575 


1,406 


2,115 


1,847 


1,882 


1,145 


1,709 


2,016 


1,660 


2,699 




318 


354 


214 


377 


342 


280 


400 


584 


473 


639 


Maryland 


5,116 


4,180 


3,578 


3,884 


5,114 


3,663 


4,620 


9,864 


9,571 


11,256 


Massachusetts 


6,187 


5,219 


4,640 


5,928 


5,923 


4,810 


7,381 


6,574 


14,589 


11,721 




3,758 


3,869 


3,764 


2,588 


5,295 


4,282 


2.616 


6,091 


7,730 


8,076 


Minnesota 


2,295 


1,623 


1,107 


2,045 


2,126 


1,862 


1,850 


1,921 


2,985 


762 


Mississippi 


381 


239 


259 


423 


301 


300 


315 


426 


382 


386 


Missouri 


1,314 


1,493 


1,226 


1,370 


1,267 


890 


1,453 


1,379 


1,236 


1,439 


Montana 


161 


91 


127 


45 


197 


87 


127 


165 


81 


117 


Nebraska 


555 


167 


403 


402 


376 


339 


432 


4,411 


4,146 


2,999 


Nevada 


1,254 


1,302 


1,228 


1,382 


1,209 


1,026 


1,533 


1,518 


1,935 


2,897 


New Hampshire 


344 


295 


253 


399 


300 


303 


357 


387 


920 


559 




6,483 

751 

39,571 

1,702 

165 

3,373 


15,054 

4 

32,320 

1,208 

137 

3,439 


23,728 

930 

38,457 

1,609 

212 

2,853 


15.859 

924 

41,922 

1,644 

186 

2,651 


17,969 

820 

44,619 

1,362 

132 

3,037 


15,052 

386 

44,808 

1,856 

163 

3,184 


16,598 

495 

43,447 

2,172 

119 

2,669 


18,495 

665 

55,519 

2,397 

159 

3,382 


24,618 

693 

67,457 

2,092 

138 

4,536 


28,726 




647 




68.485 




2,077 




192 


Ohio 


3,205 


Oklahoma 


1,284 


571 


1,793 


1,300 


1,167 


1,458 


876 


1,092 


1,287 


1,806 


Oregon 


1,473 


1,335 


1,566 


1,985 


1,736 


1,867 


1,994 


2,146 


2,480 


1,807 


Pennsylvania 


4,117 


6,663 


5,900 


5,606 


4,218 


4,323 


3,839 


7,236 


9,671 


9,587 




1,476 

558 

168 

1,033 


1,310 

484 
69 
911 


1,219 

1,112 

96 

1,004 


1,025 

1,028 

144 

1,015 


1,970 

761 

87 

1,002 


927 

713 

117 

1,043 


1,043 

670 
62 
979 


1,720 

675 

85 

1,039 


2,303 

1,392 

151 

1,573 


1,536 




1,031 




103 


Tennessee 


635 


Texas 


13,439 


13,266 


18,625 


17,372 


24,529 


16,266 


17,631 


26,403 


25,146 


32,255 


Utah 


1,335 


875 


1,152 


787 


866 


585 


649 


950 


1,157 


1,558 


Vermont 


223 


120 


233 


115 


175 


200 


219 


221 


370 


522 


Virginia 


4,892 


3,335 


5,000 


6,799 


5,606 


5,353 


4,662 


7,141 


8.043 


10,270 


Washington 


2,684 


3,261 


4,915 


4,485 


3,519 


3,289 


4,307 


5,741 


6,868 


10,976 


West Virginia 


235 


241 


267 


199 


176 


261 


137 


205 


229 


318 


Wisconsin 


1,462 


829 


1,406 


940 


477 


1,499 


681 


6 


11 


950 


Wyoming 


143 


67 


119 


84 


72 


57 


50 


43 


120 


125 


U.S. territories and 






















possessions 






















Guam 


1,274 


1,156 


1,297 


1,469 


1,146 


1,318 


987 


1,131 


1,445 


1,465 


Northern Mariana Is 












17 


24 


32 


37 


53 




653 
235 


270 
454 


1,705 
738 


1,061 
1,433 


1,054 
180 


853 
1,449 


1,947 
538 


1,852 

752 


1,486 
1,116 


4 




1,204 


Other or unknown 


425 


351 


75 


107 


2,930 


442 


3,721 


889 


22,593 


1,970 



NOTE: See Naturalizations section of text for an explanation of the large number of naturalizations with unreported information for 1990. 1992 and 1994 
- Represents zero. 



147 



TABLE 50. PERSONS NATURALIZED BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF FORMER ALLEGIANCE 

AND STATE OF RESIDENCE 
FISCAL YEAR 1995 





All 




China. 




" 




El 








Slate of residence 


countries 


Canada 


'eople's Rep. 


Colombia 


Cuba 


Republic 


Salvador 


Haiti 


India 


Iran 


Total 


445,853 


7,598 


20,009 


12333 


16,994 


9,892 


11,505 


7,855 


17,880 


10,407 


Alabama 


855 


24 


23 


9 


7 




6 


1 


101 


33 


Alaska 


675 


31 


7 


14 


1 


21 


7 




5 


5 


Arizona 


4,041 


121 


70 


44 


16 


6 


50 


6 


113 


100 


Arkansas 


164 


1 


7 


2 


3 




2 




15 


3 


California 


136,727 


1,312 


9,135 


1,050 


1,478 


75 


5,446 


59 


3,280 


5,257 


Colorado 


3,744 


150 


103 


41 


19 


12 


37 


1 


95 


112 


Connecticut 


6,400 


273 


99 


372 


101 


84 


46 


224 


272 


82 


Delaware 


596 


25 


27 


7 


4 


3 


3 


9 


80 


14 


District of Columbia 


1,417 


16 


50 


21 


13 


31 


204 


18 


16 


35 


Florida 


30,950 


706 


228 


2,596 


11,255 


723 


261 


1,459 


510 


262 


Georgia 


5,380 


134 


139 


192 


100 


37 


39 


49 


423 


219 


Hawaii 


5,182 


66 


370 


16 


4 


1 


13 




12 


16 


Idaho 


337 


28 


8 


2 






3 




5 


5 


Illinois 


20,118 


145 


462 


231 


169 


30 


120 


93 


1.411 


202 


Indiana 


1,432 


74 


62 


13 


4 


16 


5 


2 


147 


43 


Iowa 


970 


31 


24 


7 


8 


2 


8 


1 


49 


33 


Kansas 


1.131 


20 


26 


5 


6 


1 


13 


2 


71 


55 


Kentucky 


677 


25 


26 


11 


2 


5 


2 


2 


68 


47 


Louisiana 


2,699 


28 


44 


68 


205 


6 


52 


7 


114 


37 


Maine 


639 


291 


21 


9 




1 


- 




3 


8 


Maryland 


11,256 


147 


324 


196 


112 


163 


890 


159 


750 


369 


Massachusetts 


11,721 


334 


700 


232 


89 


439 


137 


780 


441 


244 


Michigan 


8,076 


494 


216 


48 


31 


13 


15 


10 


667 


144 




762 
386 


59 
11 


26 
8 


8 

7 


1 
2 




1 

1 


1 
1 


25 
44 


10 


Mississippi 


6 


Missouri 


1,439 


26 


49 


18 


16 


7 


3 


3 


93 


39 


Montana 


117 


7 


6 




1 








4 


3 


Nebraska 


2,999 


18 


10 


3 


5 


2 


8 




26 


17 


Nevada 


2,897 


80 


60 


34 


96 


4 


136 


1 


43 


63 


New Hampshire 


559 


118 


17 


12 


1 


14 


6 


5 


27 


16 


New Jersey 


28,726 


226 


530 


2,146 


1.715 


1,275 


477 


998 


2,879 


250 




647 

68.485 

2,077 

192 

3,205 


18 

566 

90 

35 

101 


8 

4,843 

63 

7 
97 


7 

3,414 

28 

3 
25 


10 

987 

15 

33 


6,454 
23 

11 


6 

948 

24 

1 
17 


2 

3,653 

3 

5 


20 

2,158 

201 

7 

306 


8 




563 




67 




6 


Ohio 


68 


Oklahoma 


1,806 


47 


24 


14 


12 


6 


12 


1 


90 


90 


Oregon 


1,807 


80 


100 


8 


7 


1 


34 




49 


63 


Pennsylvania 


9,587 


205 


347 


214 


90 


99 


31 


161 


871 


143 




1,536 

1,031 
103 
635 


21 

45 
14 
40 


34 

62 
3 
16 


114 

60 

2 

22 


2 

3 
1 

1 


108 

4 
1 
3 


14 
4 

2 


22 
3 


19 

84 
4 
78 


6 




18 




1 


Tennessee 


27 


Texas 


32,255 


256 


561 


644 


222 


60 


1,496 


21 


1,078 


634 


Utah 


1,558 
522 


86 

234 


52 
14 


32 
3 


2 


8 
3 


77 
2 




15 
14 


73 


Vermont 


6 


Virginia 


10,270 


124 


242 


160 


53 


39 


752 


23 


565 


584 


Washington 


10,976 


512 


557 


52 


22 


15 


57 


6 


235 


247 


West Virginia 


318 


15 


7 


6 


1 


3 


1 


1 


55 


17 


Wisconsin 


950 


25 


29 


4 


2 


3 


4 




66 


15 


Wyoming 


125 


4 


8 


1 






1 




5 




U.S. territories and 






















possessions 
























1,465 


4 


16 


2 


1 




3 


1 


2 


3 


Northern Manana Is 


53 






















4 










2 






- 




Virgin Islands 


1.204 


1 


2 


2 


2 


34 


1 


7 


21 


1 


Other or unknown 


1.970 


54 


40 


102 


64 


44 


27 


55 


146 


38 



See footnotes at end of table. 
148 



TABLE 50. PERSONS NATURALIZED BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF FORMER ALLEGIANCE 

AND STATE OF RESIDENCE 
FISCAL YEAR 1995— Continued 



State of residence 


Jamaica 


Korea 


Mexico 


Philippines 


Poland 


Soviet 
Union 


Taiwan 


United 
Kingdom 


Vietnam 


Other 




10,949 


14,170 


67,238 


33,634 


7,845 


16,172 


9316 


14,143 


28,074 


129,839 




24 


53 


30 


51 


6 


8 


35 


52 


64 


328 




4 


77 


65 


216 


19 


11 


2 


18 


19 


153 


Arizona 


10 


80 


2,085 


179 


47 


21 


47 


140 


125 


781 




3 


7 


19 


18 


3 


1 


2 


9 


21 


48 




219 


4,758 


36,072 


13,791 


445 


3,237 


5,006 


4,416 


14,576 


27,115 


Colorado 


21 


237 


944 


160 


67 


181 


55 


190 


231 


1,088 


Connecticut 


731 


44 


52 


138 


537 


333 


58 


304 


167 


2,483 


Delaware 


30 


18 


13 


36 


11 


47 


19 


31 


5 


214 


District of Columbia 


69 


12 


20 


45 


3 


11 


6 


40 


16 


791 




2,012 


159 


342 


732 


175 


90 


102 


701 


707 


7,930 


Georgia 


209 


365 


228 


193 


32 


152 


150 


243 


301 


2.175 




18 


459 


69 


2,865 


4 


6 


63 


190 


304 


706 






5 


132 


25 


3 


11 


3 


14 


12 


81 


Illinois 


157 


1,112 


5,459 


1,549 


2,153 


982 


106 


320 


354 


5,063 


Indiana 


9 


51 


176 


73 


25 


71 


25 


96 


49 


491 


Iowa 


1 


27 


119 


45 


11 


29 


23 


37 


204 


311 


Kansas 


5 


31 


249 


66 


7 


58 


25 


25 


139 


327 


Kentucky 


7 


35 


33 


55 


2 


16 


13 


51 


33 


244 




13 


36 


74 


93 


9 


9 


32 


62 


571 


1,239 


Maine 


2 


6 


11 


30 


18 


4 


4 


53 


29 


147 


Maryland 


577 


780 


108 


531 


81 


352 


186 


375 


358 


4,798 


Massachusetts 


230 


121 


43 


137 


235 


1,095 


139 


533 


881 


4,911 


Michigan 


71 


147 


212 


357 


451 


258 


102 


276 


302 


4,262 


Minnesota 


2 


13 


28 


32 


17 


92 


8 


20 


113 


306 


Mississippi 


2 


5 


11 


42 


2 


2 


5 


15 


106 


116 


Missouri 


14 


53 


118 


123 


28 


92 


45 


58 


149 


505 


Montana 


2 


5 


9 


12 


3 


4 


3 


10 


2 


46 


Nebraska 


2 


31 


179 


2,367 


9 


34 


15 


19 


85 


169 


Nevada 


5 


58 


908 


460 


16 


8 


36 


107 


80 


702 




3 


11 


6 


15 


12 


10 


14 


59 


14 


199 




901 

2 

4.858 

34 

1 

38 


768 
12 
1,390 
99 
12 
74 


172 

352 

344 

55 

12 

82 


2,023 

22 

1,624 

125 

17 

149 


1,012 

8 

1,413 

39 

7 
84 


1,008 

1 

5,097 

12 

5 

340 


722 

7 

916 

30 

1 
48 


741 
18 
1,946 
72 
13 
129 


353 
18 
646 
172 
7 
108 


10,530 




128 




26,665 




925 




58 


Ohio 


1,490 


Oklahoma 


9 


56 


431 


84 


4 


9 


27 


93 


257 


540 


Oregon 


2 


74 


200 


135 


15 


48 


26 


139 


231 


595 


Pennsylvania 


310 


494 


79 


272 


297 


1,426 


144 


432 


824 


3,148 




4 
20 


3 
39 


10 
20 


21 
112 


31 
6 


53 
6 


1 
34 


36 
108 


15 

71 


1,022 


South Carolina 


332 




9 


9 
26 


5 
22 


11 

46 


5 
2 


1 
11 


30 


3 
59 


5 

22 


38 


Tennessee 


219 




136 


584 


15,569 


769 


88 


163 


524 


602 


2,737 


6,111 


Utah 


2 


22 


260 


73 


14 


72 


30 


72 


88 


580 


Vermont 


3 


5 


4 


11 


10 


8 


8 


47 


7 


143 




99 


708 


113 


851 


51 


85 


154 


326 


961 


4,380 




19 

3 


809 
13 


1,471 
5 


1,374 

37 


208 
2 


460 
3 


187 
5 


570 
23 


1,433 

3 


2,742 


West Virginia 


118 


Wisconsin 


11 


15 


97 


49 


34 


40 


25 


47 


32 


452 


Wyoming 


1 


3 


48 


6 




2 


4 


12 


3 


27 


U.S. territories and 






















possessions 






















Guam 


1 


100 


6 


1,218 




1 


21 


19 


19 


48 


Northern Mariana Is 




1 




40 


- 




2 






10 




10 




3 


2 


1 






107 


; 


1 




1.011 


Other or unknown 


24 


58 


64 


127 


83 


96 


41 


65 


45 


797 



■ Represents zero. 



149 



TABLE 51. PERSONS NATURALIZED BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF FORMER ALLEGIANCE 

AND SELECTED METROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREA OF RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1995 



Metropolitan statistical area ' 



All 
countries 



China, 
People's 
Republic 



Colom- 
bia 



Domi- 
nican 
Rep. 



El 
Salvador 



Total 

Los Angeles-Long Beach. CA 

New York, NY 

Chicago, IL 

Washington, DC-MD-VA 

Miami, FL 

Houston, TX 

San Francisco, CA 

San Jose, CA 

Orange County, CA 

Oakland, CA 



Boston-Lawrence-Lowell-Brockton, MA 

Newark, NJ 

Philadelphia, PA-NJ 

Riverside-San Bernardino, CA 

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA 

Bergen-Passaic, NJ 

Detroit, MI 

Nassau-Suffolk, NY 

Jersey City, NJ 

Dallas, TX 



Sacramento, CA 

Atlanta, GA 

Middlesex-Somerset-Hunterdon, NJ 

Honolulu, HI 

Fort Lauderdale, FL 

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL 

Baltimore, MD 

Ventura, CA 

Bridgeport-Stamford -Norwalk-Danbury, CT 
San Antonio, TX 



Lincoln, NE : 

Hartford, CT 

Phoenix-Mesa, AZ 

Denver, CO 

Fresno, CA 

New Orleans, LA 

Stockton-Lodi, CA 

Orlando, FL 

Las Vegas, NV 

Cleveland-Lorain-Elyria, OH 

Providence-Warwick- Pawtucket, Rl 

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton. FL 

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX 

Monmouth-Ocean, NJ 

Portland-Vancouver, OR-WA 

Vallejo-Fairfield-Napa, CA 

Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Lompoc, CA 

Salt Lake City-Ogden, UT 

Salinas, CA 

Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News, VA 

Other MSA 



445,853 

59,709 
58,766 
19.302 
18,063 
17,512 
13,906 
12,317 
12,231 
11,298 
9,575 

9,392 
7,985 
7,906 
7,106 
7,050 
6,814 
6,130 
5,618 
5,580 
5,208 

4,550 
4,443 
4,276 
4,104 
3,576 
3,353 
2,817 
2,787 
2,493 
2,491 

2,468 
2,424 
2,349 
2,299 
1,965 
1,914 
1,870 
1,832 
1,758 
1.648 

1,480 
1.477 
1,450 
1,424 
1,400 
1,312 
1,236 
1.191 
1.112 
1,095 

53,751 

20,574 

1,466 



7,598 

377 
214 
121 
174 
58 
77 
119 
100 
164 
119 

236 
73 
129 
102 
242 
43 
375 
66 
11 
60 

58 
106 
42 
46 
130 
180 
55 
54 
65 
14 

136 
82 
81 
13 
13 
14 
54 
55 
44 

17 
67 

1 
17 
50 
24 
41 
55 

4 
20 

2.082 

1,085 

33 



20,009 

2.861 

4,528 

450 

460 

63 

395 

3,156 
832 
291 

1,195 

652 

111 

297 

83 

487 

102 

137 

180 

34 

76 

320 

117 

144 

361 

39 

41 

91 

29 

28 

16 

4 
24 
57 
55 
39 
24 
44 
24 
42 
43 

33 
21 

1 
41 
75 
24 

9 
34 
14 
33 

1,368 

395 

29 



12333 

616 
2,965 

219 

309 
1,545 

496 
45 
42 

116 
47 

202 
654 
155 

82 

42 
728 

33 
356 
474 

64 

21 
166 
143 

15 
424 
209 

36 

19 
233 

20 

2 
94 
29 
23 

4 
51 

4 

156 

25 

13 

111 

112 

2 

58 

5 

5 

8 

26 

1 

17 

833 

190 



16,994 

1,062 

860 

167 

151 

9,789 

130 

39 

45 

127 

28 

82 
400 

85 
102 

16 
157 

14 

100 

1,042 

38 

14 
95 
68 
4 
240 
686 
12 
11 
45 
14 

1 

40 

13 

17 

6 

184 

5 

126 

91 

14 

2 
219 
5 
15 
5 
2 
2 
1 



418 
138 
56 



9,892 

32 
6,174 

27 

193 

468 

30 

4 

1 

9 



409 
193 
83 

8 

3 
382 

4 
211 
504 

7 

3 
26 
116 
1 
67 
56 
19 

43 
4 

19 

5 



62 

4 
7 

108 

32 



1 

5 
1 
8 

381 

114 

43 



11305 

3,529 

582 

118 

1,793 

152 
1,182 
762 
180 
158 
292 

118 

162 

22 

219 

16 

94 

6 

345 

162 

145 

65 
31 
31 
9 

38 
16 
22 
33 
33 
29 

1 
11 
40 
28 
15 
37 
22 
19 
45 
10 

13 
11 
8 

17 
24 
64 
10 
56 
8 
7 

508 

186 

21 



7,855 

32 

3,300 

90 

160 

732 

12 

5 

1 

3 

5 

767 
716 
165 

7 

5 
36 

8 
313 
42 

3 



48 

22 

291 

34 

25 

2 

199 

2 

14 
2 
1 



1 
112 



22 
166 



298 
59 
55 



17,880 

683 

1,457 

1,334 

995 

58 

595 

133 

631 

351 

471 

364 
513 
709 
172 
192 
554 
496 
403 
421 
205 

151 
311 
930 

10 

59 
114 
200 

54 
120 

42 

12 
94 
84 
67 

115 
57 
70 
79 
25 

143 

19 
36 
3 
153 
33 
31 
10 
12 
22 
38 

3,283 

661 

105 



See footnotes at end of table 



150 



TABLE 51. PERSONS NATURALIZED BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF FORMER ALLEGIANCE 

AND SELECTED METROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREA OF RESIDENCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1995— Continued 



Metropolitan statistical area ' 



Philip- 
pines 



Soviet 
Union 



United 
Kingdom 



Total 

Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA 

New York, NY 

Chicago, IL 

Washington, DC-MD-VA 

Miami, FL 

Houston, TX 

San Francisco, CA 

San Jose, CA 

Orange County, CA 

Oakland, CA 

Boston-Lawrence-Lowell-Brockton, MA 

Newark, NJ 

Philadelphia, PA-NJ 

Riverside-San Bernardino, CA 

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA 

Bergen-Passaic, NJ 

Detroit, MI 

Nassau-Suffolk, NY 

Jersey City, NJ 

Dallas, TX 

Sacramento, CA 

Atlanta, GA 

Middlesex-Somerset-Hunterdon, NJ 

Honolulu, HI 

Fort Lauderdale, FL 

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL 

Baltimore, MD 

Ventura, CA 

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk-Danbury, CT 
San Antonio, TX 

Lincoln, NE ! 

Hartford, CT 

Phoenix-Mesa, AZ 

Denver, CO 

Fresno, CA 

New Orleans, LA 

Stockton-Lodi, CA 

Orlando, FL 

Las Vegas, NV 

Cleveland-Lorain-Elyria, OH 

Providence-Warwick-Pawtucket, RI 

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton, FL 

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX 

Monmouth-Ocean, NJ 

Portland-Vancouver, OR-WA 

Vallejo-Fairfield-Napa, CA 

Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Lompoc, CA 

Salt Lake City-Ogden. UT 

Salinas, CA 

Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News, VA 

Other MSA 

Non-MSA 

Unknown 



10,949 

139 

4,346 

155 

551 

712 

65 

7 

4 

12 

13 

193 

373 
322 

26 

7 

223 

51 
341 

26 

29 

3 
184 
100 

17 
797 

93 

149 

2 

207 

10 



440 
5 
7 

6 
1 

129 

4 
27 



1 
30 

780 

134 

19 



14,170 

2.762 

1,190 

1,090 

1,062 

11 

173 

180 

400 

603 

253 

82 

80 
472 
191 
457 
419 

83 
130 

43 
198 

149 

304 
83 

439 
20 
38 

310 
34 
13 
26 

5 
7 

54 
133 
10 
19 
8 
42 
44 
27 

3 

7 

35 
74 
15 
13 
19 
41 
68 

1,730 

489 

32 



67,238 

17,064 

277 
5,256 

185 

81 

4,643 

616 
1.285 
1,943 

877 

34 

20 

50 

2,989 

182 
53 

110 

23 

19 

1,911 

946 
163 
33 
50 
25 
69 
21 

1,604 
27 

1,764 

11 

7 
874 
591 
990 

37 
723 

35 
482 

23 

9 

29 

1,389 

18 
71 
306 
728 
176 
592 
21 

10,979 

6.787 
40 



33,634 

5,456 
1,300 
1,481 

843 
87 

344 
1,748 
1,503 

685 
1,506 

113 
411 
330 
666 
964 
421 
269 
188 
527 
126 

307 

108 

303 

2,013 

51 

141 

168 

325 

54 

71 

2,329 

33 
133 
76 
70 
50 
236 
90 
274 
58 

16 

37 
6 
122 
110 
508 
70 
59 
158 
340 

3,024 

3,235 

91 



7,845 

166 

1,113 
2,157 
69 
17 
43 
41 
43 
45 
52 

123 
238 
217 

38 
172 
351 
385 
110 
106 

21 

15 

27 

170 

2 

23 
57 
43 
8 
72 
13 

1 

379 

40 

43 

2 

5 

1 

13 
15 
58 

31 
13 

46 
13 
2 
6 
12 
4 
7 

994 

182 

41 



16,172 

2,237 

4,682 

1,001 

257 

37 

95 

414 

249 

43 

75 

1,026 

249 

1,297 

12 

400 

296 

228 

130 

37 

46 



147 

246 

4 

6 

19 

169 

15 

129 

9 

7 

123 

20 

152 

24 

9 

4 

4 

5 

251 

53 

1 



6 
6 
69 
29 
15 

1.450 

131 

45 



9,316 

2,406 
759 
94 
261 
15 
269 
357 
736 
564 
531 

118 
197 

93 
173 
158 
104 

59 
102 

24 
131 

55 
136 
284 
61 
17 
19 
42 
34 
16 
19 

3 
19 
35 
25 
13 
12 

7 
18 
26 
13 

1 
7 
2 
56 
15 
10 
19 
19 
6 
25 

901 

220 

30 



14,143 

1,368 
1,490 
269 
445 
86 
308 
989 
405 
241 
668 

454 
214 
294 
113 
445 
140 
183 
184 
56 
103 

146 

175 
157 
180 
119 
156 
155 

73 
142 

35 

3 
91 
101 
94 

13 
33 
25 
80 
71 
62 

30 

47 

79 
94 
38 
53 
46 
12 
50 

2,382 

897 

49 



28,074 

3,855 

462 

300 

1,107 

25 

1,515 

1,011 

3,510 

3,210 

945 

710 
63 

703 

384 
1,105 
15 
91 
39 
62 

585 

828 

245 
59 

293 
64 

276 
60 
71 
43 
51 

47 
70 
100 
198 
73 
407 
259 
136 
46 
34 

14 

38 
1 

7 
223 
41 
34 
80 
60 
94 

3,776 

631 



' Ranked by number of persons naturalized. See Glossary for definition of metropolitan staustical area 
allowed to naturalize without meeting residency requirements, whose records were processed in Lincoln. NE. 
- Represents zero. 



Includes World War II veterans from the Philippines. 



151 



TABLE 52. PERSONS NATURALIZED BY MAJOR OCCUPATION GROUP 

AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF FORMER ALLEGIANCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1995 







Occupation 










Execu- 






Precision 


Opera- 








Region and country of 








tive 






produc- 


tors, 


Farming, 




pation 
or not 


former allegiance 


Total 


Total 




admini- 






tion, 


fabri- 


forestry. 


































specialty 


and man- 
agerial 




support 


and 
repair 


and 

laborers 


fishing 




reported ' 




445,853 
66,027 


272,679 
39370 


39309 
7,216 


32,942 

5,572 


20,022 

2312 


50,832 
6,938 


21318 

2,770 


62327 
9,528 


2,699 
206 


43330 
4,628 


173,174 




26,657 


Austria 


264 


146 


28 


37 


8 


22 


9 


28 




14 


118 


Belgium 


206 


108 


27 


13 


12 


24 


4 


20 


1 


7 


98 




225 


129 


25 


14 


9 


25 


15 


17 


1 


23 


96 




570 


354 


74 


37 


14 


37 


30 


111 


1 


50 


216 




215 


112 


27 


22 


6 


17 


5 


19 


4 


12 


103 


France 


1,431 


881 


201 


177 


79 


172 


37 


88 


4 


123 


550 




3,450 


1,863 


281 


320 


178 


356 


124 


380 


12 


212 


1,587 


Greece 


2,086 


1,171 


178 


198 


59 


120 


99 


292 


7 


218 


915 




799 


498 


81 


53 


24 


54 


67 


107 


3 


109 


301 




1,873 


1,268 


297 


175 


82 


215 


97 


236 


10 


156 


605 


Italy 


3,939 


2,336 


273 


416 


161 


373 


239 


545 


7 


322 


1,603 




189 


103 


32 


14 


7 


14 


8 


25 




3 


86 




210 


90 


19 


13 


9 


17 


7 


17 




8 


120 


Netherlands 


694 


386 


75 


78 


32 


66 


30 


60 


5 


40 


308 


Poland 


7,845 


4,673 


567 


523 


183 


529 


446 


1,896 


12 


517 


3,172 


Portugal 


3,901 


2,870 


303 


219 


140 


333 


223 


1,334 


46 


272 


1,031 


Romania 


3,187 


1,798 


304 


187 


93 


268 


197 


422 


9 


318 


1,389 




16,172 
739 


9,262 
422 


2,276 
85 


1,026 

73 


508 
33 


1.939 
65 


455 
33 


2,146 
82 


23 
5 


889 

46 


6.910 


Spain 


317 


Sweden 


259 


132 


31 


27 


8 


20 


2 


34 




10 


127 


Switzerland 


434 


239 


49 


57 


29 


37 


9 


34 


4 


20 


195 


United Kingdom 


14,143 


8,827 


1,788 


1,694 


749 


1,990 


460 


1,181 


41 


924 


5.316 


Yugoslavia 


2,619 


1,400 


141 


156 


67 


190 


150 


393 


9 


294 


1,219 




577 


302 


54 


43 


22 


55 


24 


61 


2 


41 


275 




168312 


97^91 


16,526 


14,104 


8375 


18310 


7332 


17,416 


862 


14,266 


70,921 


Afghanistan 


1.881 


1,103 


113 


149 


158 


217 


91 


180 


3 


192 


778 


Bangladesh 


1,271 


842 


141 


138 


98 


144 


29 


149 


2 


141 


429 


Burma 


742 


485 


75 


47 


38 


147 


45 


85 


2 


46 


257 


Cambodia 


3,296 


1,770 


159 


177 


150 


266 


146 


602 


10 


260 


1,526 


China, People's Republic 


20,009 


10,988 


1,225 


1,287 


867 


1,872 


1,158 


1,954 


35 


2,590 


9,021 


India 


17,880 


10,847 


3,168 


1.748 


986 


2,009 


361 


1,833 


42 


700 


7,033 


Indonesia 


495 


319 


68 


62 


30 


76 


12 


40 


1 


30 


176 


Iran 


10,407 


6,901 


1,675 


1,733 


811 


1,024 


294 


703 


36 


625 


3,506 


Iraq 


1,433 


560 


114 


122 


65 


75 


42 


102 


2 


38 


873 


Israel 


2,674 


1,626 


357 


385 


190 


280 


84 


189 


7 


134 


1,048 




1,275 


703 


101 


142 


80 


138 


27 


101 


10 


104 


572 


Jordan 


2,449 


1,285 


154 


291 


187 


155 


75 


229 


5 


189 


1,164 


Korea 


14,170 


7,246 


742 


1,847 


674 


1,157 


516 


1,333 


42 


935 


6,924 


Kuwait 


320 


163 


33 


23 


29 


19 


11 


30 


2 


16 


157 


Laos 


3,796 


2,228 


148 


89 


119 


309 


347 


888 


39 


289 


1,568 


Lebanon 


3,927 


2,188 


374 


492 


269 


275 


157 


371 


15 


235 


1,739 


Malaysia 


402 


261 


67 


49 


20 


46 


9 


29 


3 


38 


141 


Pakistan 


4,752 


2,873 


488 


618 


347 


462 


117 


594 


10 


237 


1,879 




33,634 


21,573 


4,084 


1,658 


1,607 


5,659 


1,850 


2,609 


347 


3,759 


12,061 




492 
1,635 


328 
890 


109 
142 


56 
195 


18 
101 


67 
115 


10 
67 


43 

173 


3 

2 


22 
95 


164 


Syria 


745 




9,316 


5,558 


1,309 


1,410 


521 


1,146 


142 


440 


14 


576 


3,758 


Thailand 


1,443 


954 


116 


175 


79 


169 


69 


166 


4 


176 


489 


Turkey 


1,494 


913 


169 


180 


94 


116 


66 


193 


1 


94 


581 


Vietnam 


28.074 


14,297 


1,326 


947 


971 


2,281 


1,573 


4,300 


223 


2,676 


13,777 


Yemen 


496 


175 


5 


29 


36 


26 


9 


35 


1 


34 


321 




549 

17,020 

521 


315 
12339 


64 

2,818 

77 


55 
1,712 


30 
947 


60 
2,040 


25 
419 


45 
2,573 


1 
36 


35 
1,994 


234 




4,481 


Cape Verde 


429 


11 


15 


20 


12 


269 


5 


20 


92 


Egypt 


2,478 


1,631 


302 


288 


141 


270 


67 


294 


4 


265 


847 


Ethiopia 


2.754 


1,989 


288 


200 


228 


339 


59 


487 


7 


381 


765 


Ghana 


1.533 


1,242 


272 


106 


62 


214 


34 


265 


2 


287 


291 


Kenya 


318 


201 


62 


40 


19 


29 


6 


28 


1 


16 


117 



See footnotes at end of table. 



152 



TABLE 52. PERSONS NATURALIZED BY MAJOR OCCUPATION GROUP 

AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF FORMER ALLEGIANCE 

FISCAL YEAR 1995— Continued 





Total 


Occupation 




Region and country of 
former allegiance 


Total 


Profes- 
sional 


Execu- 
tive 
admini- 


Sales 


Admini- 


Precision 
produc- 
tion, 


Opera- 
tors, 
fabri- 


Farming, 
forestry, 




No occu- 
pation 
or not 
































specialty 


and man- 
agerial 




support 


and 
repair 


and 
laborers 


fishing 




reported ' 


Liberia 


722 


538 


95 


58 


36 


112 


25 


76 


1 


135 


184 


Libya 


186 


112 


34 


21 


10 


9 


1 


27 




10 


74 


Morocco 


625 


441 


52 


69 


48 


43 


19 


112 




98 


184 


Niger 


208 


82 


30 


14 


4 


8 


7 


15 




4 


126 


Nigeria 


4,412 


3.526 


1,060 


513 


190 


576 


111 


606 


5 


465 


886 




554 


454 


98 


30 


33 


81 


14 


91 


2 


105 


100 


Somalia 


202 


142 


15 


13 


14 


26 


3 


42 




29 


60 




748 


528 


140 


125 


51 


100 


8 


68 


2 


34 


220 


Sudan 


173 


122 


16 


26 


16 


17 


9 


23 


2 


13 


51 


Tanzania 


184 


109 


15 


30 


12 


19 


7 


17 




9 


75 


Uganda 


218 


143 


38 


24 


11 


35 


5 


15 




15 


75 




1,184 
1,774 


850 
1,140 


224 
157 


144 
129 


57 
120 


142 
232 


32 
107 


138 
177 


5 
16 


108 
202 


334 




634 


Australia 


258 


153 


41 


31 


18 


26 


10 


16 




11 


105 


Fiji 


681 


436 


36 


43 


50 


87 


42 


65 


5 


108 


245 




229 
216 


150 
162 


40 
11 


27 

7 


18 
14 


27 
33 


10 
18 


17 
43 


1 

3 


10 
33 


79 


Tonga 


54 




182 
208 

155,284 


108 
131 

97,445 


9 

20 

9,597 


4 
17 

8,693 


7 
13 

6,130 


35 
24 

17,723 


13 
14 

8,859 


16 

20 

26,737 


2 
5 

1,511 


22 
18 

18,195 


74 




77 




57,839 


Canada 


7,598 


4,338 


1,119 


807 


398 


702 


219 


719 


44 


330 


3,260 


Mexico 


67,238 


42,792 


2,331 


3,433 


2,328 


6,593 


4,630 


15,325 


1,269 


6,883 


24,446 




54,792 


32,540 


4,735 


2,788 


2,263 


7,121 


2,308 


6,835 


94 


6396 


22,252 


Antigua-Barbuda 


658 


470 


71 


43 


48 


90 


68 


42 


3 


105 


188 




204 


122 


25 


12 


15 


29 


10 


10 




21 


82 


Barbados 


1,263 


958 


178 


79 


40 


284 


63 


167 




147 


305 


Cuba 


16,994 


6,817 


641 


806 


613 


1,316 


520 


1,753 


30 


1,138 


10.177 


Dominica 


396 


281 


36 


22 


35 


49 


41 


44 


1 


53 


115 


Dominican Republic 


9,892 


5,374 


430 


432 


484 


1,078 


403 


1,404 


13 


1,130 


4,518 


Grenada 


717 


523 


95 


40 


26 


153 


30 


74 


1 


104 


194 


Haiti 


7,855 


5,762 


919 


297 


270 


1,015 


213 


1.650 


17 


1,381 


2,093 


Jamaica 


10,949 


7,961 


1,588 


668 


476 


1,930 


567 


1,067 


16 


1,649 


2,988 




555 
395 


418 
278 


42 
32 


41 
18 


51 
25 


80 
55 


67 

37 


52 

42 


5 
3 


80 
66 


137 


St. Lucia 


117 


St. Vincent & Grenadines ... 


476 


341 


64 


24 


18 


102 


24 


53 


1 


55 


135 


Trinidad & Tobago 


4,438 


3,235 


614 


306 


162 


940 


265 


477 


4 


467 


1.203 




25,656 


17,775 


1,412 


1,665 


1,141 


3,307 


1,702 


3,858 


104 


4,586 


7,881 


Belize 


738 


502 


75 


61 


28 


131 


42 


79 


1 


85 


236 




1,055 
11,505 
4,327 


671 
8,698 
2,917 


73 
575 
230 


84 
741 
246 


43 
492 
152 


141 

1,363 

500 


43 
917 

273 


157 

1,894 

798 


8 
58 
17 


122 

2,658 

701 


384 




2,807 


Guatemala 


1,410 


Honduras 


2,758 


1,621 


98 


127 


122 


276 


161 


415 


7 


415 


1.137 


Nicaragua 


3,610 


2,339 


225 


327 


226 


579 


172 


351 


11 


448 


1.271 


Panama 


1,663 


1.027 


136 


79 


78 


317 


94 


164 


2 


157 


636 




36,544 

2,510 
1,102 


24,213 

1,610 

773 


2,830 

255 
106 


2,682 
308 

83 


1,699 

133 
71 


5,484 

309 

157 


1,778 

122 
51 


5,727 
280 
100 


64 

12 


3,949 

191 
205 


12331 




900 


Bolivia 


329 


Brazil 


1,206 


749 


141 


138 


53 


122 


43 


145 


4 


103 


457 


Chile 


1,200 


779 


128 


98 


60 


159 


55 


151 


2 


126 


421 


Colombia 


12,333 


7.942 


781 


787 


511 


1,626 


545 


2,314 


19 


1,359 


4,391 




5,126 


3,351 


277 


325 


208 


758 


307 


989 


12 


475 


1,775 




5,533 


3,903 


498 


328 


256 


1,327 


279 


622 


2 


591 


1,630 




208 


106 


17 


12 


9 


13 


13 


28 




14 


102 


Peru 


5,571 


3,861 


426 


398 


301 


796 


297 


906 


12 


725 


1,710 




655 


447 


52 


62 


28 


81 


34 


109 




81 


208 


Venezuela 


1,041 


653 


143 


139 


68 


123 


28 


79 


1 


72 


388 




59 

540 


39 
348 


6 

116 


4 
28 


1 
21 


13 

54 


4 
31 


4 
46 


1 


7 
51 


20 


Stateless 


192 


Not reported 


352 


233 


49 


22 


18 


51 


22 


23 


3 


45 


119 



1 Includes homemakers. students, unemployed or reured persons, and others not reporung or with an unknown occupation 
- Represents zero. 



I." 



TABLE 53. PERSONS NATURALIZED IN FISCAL YEAR 1995 BY CALENDAR YEAR OF ENTRY 
AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 



Region and country 
of birth 



1995 
and 
1994 



Before 
1983 



All countries 



Europe 

Austria 

Belgium 

Bulgaria 

Czechoslovakia .. 

Denmark 

France 

Germany 

Greece 

Hungary 

Ireland 

Italy 

Latvia 

Lithuania 

Netherlands 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Soviet Union 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 



Asia 

Afghanistan 

Bangladesh 

Burma 

Cambodia 

China, People's Rep 

Hong Kong 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Iraq 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Kuwait 

Laos 

Lebanon 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Sri Lanka 

Syria 

Taiwan 

Thailand 

Turkey 

Vietnam 

Yemen 

Other Asia 



Africa 

Cape Verde 
Egypt 
Ethiopia 



445,853 

60,263 

268 

212 

238 

667 

216 

1,320 

3,551 

2,088 

815 

1,895 

3,938 

183 

222 

613 

7,874 

3,710 

3,239 

16,530 

788 

247 

429 

7,991 

2,676 

553 

174,188 

1,888 

1,299 

833 

3,268 

20,538 

5,368 

17,957 

546 

10,432 

1,435 

2,485 

1,295 

2,271 

14,218 

420 

3,832 

3,917 

412 

4,752 

33,694 

496 

1.669 

8,842 

1,451 

1,513 

28,156 

497 

704 

17,624 

515 
2,504 
2,749 



3,438 



113 

1 



2 
1 
6 

15 

62 

6 

3 

2 
3 

3,063 

2 
1 

54 
6 
13 



2,788 



7 
1 

20 

28 

2 

12 

10 

70 

3 

17 

3 

13 

221 



2358 

234 

1 

2 
7 
6 



13 
13 
5 
5 
1 
3 
2 

28 
3 
15 
57 
6 
2 

33 
12 
3 

1357 

4 
19 

4 

1 
174 
50 
94 

4 
28 
31 
33 
10 
62 
62 
25 

3 
62 

4 

59 

630 

3 
29 
36 

8 

30 
49 
26 
17 

195 

2 
38 
5 



11,610 

1,215 

6 

7 

19 

19 

3 

49 

50 

75 

21 

23 

36 

3 

4 

5 

215 

16 

118 

231 

10 

4 

15 

167 

108 

11 

7316 

21 

69 

49 

10 

1,038 

238 

663 

24 

167 

73 

196 

10 

302 

217 

81 

12 

358 

30 

256 

2,625 

12 

161 

306 

31 

120 

174 

18 

55 

934 

12 
231 
26 



18,605 

3353 

5 

7 

30 

34 

4 

59 

58 

61 

30 

69 

55 

16 

16 

14 

317 

47 

292 

1,877 

16 

8 

20 

177 

113 

28 

9315 

65 
137 

28 

23 

1,100 

311 

1,027 

22 
322 

80 
246 

19 
205 
358 

37 

22 
296 

45 

374 

2,662 

37 
172 
513 

48 
103 
969 

46 

48 

1349 

17 
216 
189 



15,213 

17 

21 

88 

154 

8 

141 

126 

193 

241 

357 

111 

63 

64 

21 

2,828 

141 

1,111 

8,233 

41 

17 

30 

759 

395 

53 

39,646 

418 
577 
300 
200 

5,574 

1,843 

4,009 
138 

2,624 

307 

625 

83 

529 

1,531 
87 
179 

1,326 
107 

1,882 

8,422 
150 
456 

2,940 
288 
242 

4,569 
93 
147 

6,222 

54 

894 

1,003 



42,229 

5,647 

7 

9 

33 

96 

2 

85 

81 

117 

113 

132 

95 

16 

11 

12 

927 

74 

489 

2,587 

28 

8 

21 

490 

195 

19 

22,298 

219 

164 

125 

336 

2,858 

1,188 

1,971 

49 

1,464 

89 

372 

40 

238 

1,306 

44 

217 

556 

65 

552 

4,799 

96 

247 

1,717 

120 

150 

3,188 

35 

93 

2,156 

46 
363 
350 



28,420 

2,678 

14 

4 

8 

69 

4 

79 

72 

99 

54 

115 

81 

7 

15 

25 

543 

81 

263 

641 

25 

7 

21 

331 

106 

14 

13,943 

203 

96 

69 

121 

1,565 

355 

1,322 

60 

1,193 

75 

224 

50 

157 

1,181 

34 

264 

305 

33 

414 

2.789 

45 

126 

923 

128 

97 

2,014 

28 

72 

1,514 

29 
220 
281 



18,661 

1,462 

3 

7 

8 

54 

2 

45 

52 

68 

44 

39 

53 

3 

3 

10 

358 

55 

151 

105 

30 

3 

22 

266 

66 

15 

9,635 

169 
59 
43 
75 
1,021 

181 

966 
24 

879 
57 

155 

28 

75 

1,020 

19 

314 

124 
17 

244 

1,687 

25 

65 

501 
77 
61 
1,695 
13 
41 

800 

27 
102 
139 



15,966 

1,261 

4 

4 

2 

31 

4 

37 

64 

49 

26 

33 

76 

1 

4 

12 

234 

69 

164 

84 

14 

3 

17 

235 

81 

13 

7,986 

138 
41 
33 

196 

797 

174 

858 
36 

763 
25 
95 
23 
67 

902 
9 

100 
88 
21 

196 

1,203 

23 

54 

422 

69 

59 

1,557 

6 

31 

678 

23 
71 
115 



14,025 

1,161 

5 

4 

8 

9 

3 

40 

58 

51 

19 

22 

53 

2 

1 

13 

231 

65 

144 

76 

17 

2 

15 

260 

52 

11 

6,946 

130 

17 

21 

295 

605 

123 

723 

25 

832 

52 

54 

23 

48 

841 

9 

191 

74 

15 

132 

868 

17 

39 

293 

60 

61 

1,373 

6 

19 

601 

15 
38 
185 



11,746 

998 

2 

9 

2 

13 

2 

38 

48 

44 

7 

17 

57 

1 

2 

10 

189 

55 

94 

115 

12 

2 

6 

214 

50 

9 

5,648 

145 
22 
16 

285 

506 

114 

658 
16 

542 
48 
61 
25 
33 

679 
11 

117 

55 

5 

92 

691 
13 
32 

324 
49 
59 
1,026 
10 
14 

488 
15 

50 
98 



175,926 

26,611 
199 
136 

28 

175 

182 

733 

2,900 

1,298 

234 

1,077 

3,277 

68 

94 

485 

1.966 

3,100 

363 

2,384 

576 

190 

259 

5,030 

1,484 

373 

45333 

371 

84 

140 

1,716 

5,162 

762 

5,580 

146 

1,593 

590 

393 

975 

526 

5,936 

60 

2,400 

633 

66 

519 

3,949 

74 

274 

827 

566 

521 

11,430 

94 

146 

2389 

274 
266 
349 



See footnotes a( end of table. 



154 



TABLE 53. PERSONS NATURALIZED IN FISCAL YEAR 1995 BY CALENDAR YEAR OF ENTRY 
AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH— Continued 



Region and country 
of birth 


Total 


1995 
and 
1994 


1993 


1992 


1991 


1990 


1989 


1988 


1987 


1986 


1985 


1984 


1983 


Before 
1983 


Un- 
known 
or not 

re- 
ported 


Ghana 


1,541 


2 


1 


10 


49 


104 


712 


165 


123 


71 


44 


43 


38 


176 


3 


Kenya 


403 


2 


1 


3 


10 


24 


94 


54 


35 


30 


20 


22 


20 


86 


2 


Liberia 


726 


1 


1 


5 


17 


64 


270 


93 


55 


40 


36 


26 


17 


99 


2 


Libya 


195 






3 


8 


6 


93 


30 


14 


4 


8 


4 


4 


20 


1 


Morocco 


659 


1 


3 


38 


150 


83 


165 


69 


30 


23 


15 


10 


8 


62 


2 


Nigeria 


4,493 


5 


8 


41 


187 


346 


1,776 


492 


396 


188 


198 


144 


114 


587 


11 


Sierra Leone 


567 


2 




1 


18 


51 


218 


82 


52 


21 


16 


17 


19 


68 


2 


Somalia 


203 






4 


10 


20 


120 


13 


13 


3 


9 


2 


4 


5 






813 
213 


1 


1 
1 


8 
1 


33 

7 


46 
15 


188 

97 


154 

12 


75 
20 


49 

7 


39 
5 


25 

2 


24 
9 


169 

37 


1 


Tanzania 




Uganda 


250 


1 




1 


7 


13 


75 


38 


23 


15 


9 


10 


3 


54 


1 




1,793 
1,699 


8 
12 


1 
1 


35 
10 


169 
39 


155 

74 


463 
239 


195 
155 


148 
130 


81 
62 


70 
85 


58 
57 


65 
53 


337 
740 


8 




42 


Australia 


237 


2 




2 


5 


7 


15 


11 


4 


5 


3 


3 


11 


168 


1 


Fiji 


682 






1 


16 


43 


111 


90 


86 


35 


51 


30 


22 


1% 


1 




215 
218 


1 






5 
3 


4 
9 


19 
36 


19 
10 


8 

8 


8 

7 


7 
9 


13 
8 


4 
8 


127 
120 




Tonga 






347 
155,449 


9 
151 


1 
99 


7 
227 


10 
1,273 


11 
3,205 


58 
31,466 


25 
9,012 


24 
7,616 


7 
4,929 


15 
4350 


3 
3,936 


8 
3,440 


129 
85,123 


40 




422 


Canada 


7,096 


13 


9 


15 


96 


120 


384 


235 


214 


161 


116 


157 


114 


5,429 


33 


Mexico 


67,277 


19 


14 


52 


272 


1,352 


16,292 


2,996 


2,520 


1,291 


1,229 


1,051 


928 


39,163 


98 




55,446 


22 


25 


87 


590 


937 


5,761 


3,489 


2,924 


2373 


2,214 


1,939 


1,719 


33,140 


226 


Antigua-Barbuda 


667 






1 


6 


13 


111 


33 


53 


27 


32 


27 


33 


328 


3 


Bahamas, The 


218 


1 






7 


3 


41 


17 


16 


8 


11 


8 


11 


94 


1 


Barbados 


1,293 






1 


10 


22 


126 


80 


82 


60 


57 


52 


50 


747 


6 


Cuba 


16,975 




1 


2 


15 


23 


341 


465 


157 


156 


263 


222 


212 


15,088 


30 


Dominica 


428 




1 


2 


3 


11 


75 


38 


28 


22 


25 


24 


19 


177 


3 


Dominican Republic 


9,879 


7 


7 


30 


208 


285 


1,003 


837 


552 


557 


456 


411 


369 


5,097 


60 


Grenada 


726 


- 




1 


3 


8 


99 


48 


62 


46 


51 


42 


44 


317 


5 


Haiti 


7,855 


3 


8 


9 


77 


192 


1,597 


577 


641 


585 


450 


390 


306 


2,987 


33 


Jamaica 


11,031 


8 


4 


27 


126 


212 


1,555 


969 


963 


701 


672 


584 


513 


4.632 


65 


St. Kitts & Nevis 


570 








5 


11 


78 


38 


55 


22 


29 


44 


29 


258 


1 


St. Lucia 


412 




1 


2 


11 


11 


65 


42 


33 


21 


19 


15 


14 


174 


4 


St. Vincent & 
































Grenadines 


489 








5 


7 


99 


44 


44 


26 


27 


24 


25 


185 


3 


Trinidad & Tobago 


4,430 


2 


3 


12 


110 


131 


515 


275 


211 


119 


114 


82 


85 


2,762 


9 


Other Caribbean 


473 


1 






4 


8 


56 


26 


27 


23 


8 


14 


9 


294 


3 




25,614 


97 


51 


73 


315 


795 


9,028 


2,290 


1,956 


1,103 


989 


788 


677 


7387 


65 


Belize 


753 


1 




1 


6 


20 


189 


77 


68 


40 


32 


46 


33 


238 


2 




1,039 
11,461 
4,331 


9 
1 

15 


6 

28 


3 
12 
18 


16 

67 
39 


25 
336 
107 


157 
5,087 
1,344 


62 
1,053 

313 


58 
865 
349 


30 
454 
162 


23 
482 
150 


25 
326 
124 


21 

307 
102 


609 
2,452 
1,570 


1 




13 


Guatemala 


10 


Honduras 


2,751 


8 


8 


12 


58 


100 


667 


222 


233 


164 


129 


100 


101 


940 


9 


Nicaragua 


3,618 


5 


1 


7 


74 


120 


1,360 


430 


311 


160 


117 


104 


70 


851 


8 


Panama 


1,661 


58 


8 


20 


55 


87 


224 


133 


72 


93 


56 


63 


43 


727 


22 


Other North America 


16 










1 


1 


2 


2 


1 


2 


1 


2 


4 






36324 

2,496 


71 

1 


64 

1 


134 

6 


829 

59 


1,276 

84 


7,509 

391 


2,938 

171 


2,524 
141 


1,770 

87 


1,403 

64 


1,321 

63 


1,116 

58 


15366 

1,363 


103 


Argentina 


7 




1.104 
1.176 
1,203 


4 
9 
2 


1 
11 
2 


3 
4 
3 


19 
61 
18 


59 
69 

43 


332 
167 
221 


79 
92 
117 


81 
83 

85 


58 
46 
62 


45 
53 
37 


40 
54 
32 


34 
31 
39 


342 
489 
538 


7 


Brazil 


7 


Chile 


4 


Colombia 


12.355 


20 


16 


41 


218 


391 


2,277 


792 


720 


532 


512 


476 


374 


5,958 


28 


Ecuador 


5,132 


4 


2 


14 


43 


97 


727 


268 


242 


168 


151 


130 


132 


3,145 


9 


Guyana 


5,423 


1 


2 


7 


112 


138 


1,412 


723 


615 


476 


298 


278 


218 


1.118 


25 


Paraguay 


194 


22 


17 


3 


4 


7 


35 


8 


8 


10 


4 


1 


3 


71 


1 


Peru 


5,569 


5 


9 


-14 


236 


316 


1,621 


527 


405 


245 


179 


153 


168 


1.650 


11 


Uruguay 


650 








II 


20 


151 


41 


40 


25 


22 


33 


19 


286 


2 


Venezuela 


962 


3 


3 


9 


42 


49 


160 


115 


94 


60 


37 


58 


39 


291 


2 


Other South America 


60 








6 


3 


15 


5 


10 


1 


1 


3 


1 


15 




Not reported 


306 




1 


1 


4 


33 


133 


23 


15 


3 


3 


3 


3 


64 




20 



TABLE 54. PERSONS NATURALIZED BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF FORMER ALLEGIANCE, AGE, AND SEX 

FISCAL YEAR 1995 



Age and sex 



All 
countries 



China. 
People's 
Republic 



Dominican 
Republic 



El 
Salvador 



Total 

Under 18 years 

18-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over 

Not reported 

Male 

Under 18 years 

18-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over 

Not reported 

Female 

Under 18 years 

18-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over 

Not reported 

Unknown sex 

Percent distribution 

Male 

Female 

Unknown 

Median age 

Male 

Female 

See footnotes at end of table 
156 



445,853 

5,815 

8,139 

38,313 

46,396 

60,446 

64,723 

53,822 

41,265 

30,969 

27,960 

22,584 

18,418 

13,433 

7,677 

5,770 

123 

212,126 

2,857 

3,783 

17,963 

22,084 

29,935 

32,652 

26,476 

19,717 

13,981 

12.289 

10,086 

8,216 

6,256 

3,512 

2,250 

69 

232,877 

2,896 

4,331 

20,275 

24,223 

30,415 

31,962 

27,252 

21,474 

16,932 

15,609 

12,451 

10,174 

7,159 

4,161 

3,511 

52 

850 

100.0 

47.6 

52.2 

.2 

39.9 

39.5 
40.4 



7,598 

79 
89 
327 
423 
677 
759 
826 
990 
948 
833 
669 
511 
287 
119 
59 
2 

3,107 

32 

42 
175 
223 
321 
327 
325 
362 
328 
323 
262 
202 
120 
44 
20 
I 

4,484 

47 
47 
152 
199 
356 
430 
501 
627 
619 
510 
406 
308 
167 
75 
39 
1 



100.0 

40.9 

590 

.1 

48.2 

46.5 
49.1 



20,009 

324 

432 

2,089 

1,854 

2,406 

2,009 

1,556 

1,543 

1,059 

1,144 

1,239 

1,332 

1,339 

940 

741 

2 

9,082 

145 
176 
969 
674 
860 
966 
783 
786 
578 
587 
641 
617 
601 
405 
293 
1 

10,901 

177 

254 

1,118 

1,180 

1,545 
1,037 
769 
755 
481 
555 
596 
715 
737 
534 
448 



100.0 

45.4 

54.5 

.1 

42.8 

44.7 
40.9 



12^33 

114 

169 

598 

992 

1,689 

1,890 

1,509 

1,266 

1,165 

1,035 

729 

523 

310 

188 

154 

2 

5,138 

60 

85 

264 

440 

750 

864 

602 

517 

460 

427 

293 

198 

91 

46 

40 

1 

7,178 

54 
84 
334 
551 
935 
1.023 
905 
749 
704 
606 
434 
324 
219 
141 
114 
1 

17 

100.0 

41 7 
58.2 

I 

42.3 

40.8 
43.3 



16,994 

26 

109 

627 

714 

1,084 

929 

855 

738 

1,012 

1.780 

2,076 

2,268 

1,802 

1,312 

1,662 

7,088 
11 

60 
308 
355 
532 
500 
401 
349 
380 
697 
876 
979 
732 
422 
486 

9,897 

15 

49 

319 

357 

551 

427 

453 

389 

632 

1,082 

1,200 

1,288 

1,069 

890 

1,176 



100.0 

41.7 

582 

.1 

61.5 

59.7 
62.8 



9,892 

190 

220 

1,096 

1,313 

1.478 

1,341 

1,067 

611 

558 

603 

537 

338 

222 

179 

137 

2 

3,817 

99 

82 

438 

489 

556 

516 

420 

281 

223 

258 

202 

109 

64 

46 

34 

6,023 

90 
137 
655 
818 
916 
813 
636 
327 
330 
343 
333 
229 
158 
133 
103 
2 

52 

100.0 

386 

609 

.5 

37.4 
37.4 
37.3 



11,505 

61 

160 

833 

1.145 

2,093 

2,371 

1,763 

1,083 

678 

458 

338 

255 

139 

69 

50 

9 

5,424 

26 

69 

344 

567 

1.117 

1,206 

860 

503 

280 

163 

127 

77 

44 

18 

15 

8 

6,074 

35 

91 

488 

576 

976 

1,165 

900 

580 

398 

294 

211 

178 

95 

51 

35 

1 



100.0 

47.1 

52.8 

.1 

38.0 

37.4 
38.7 



7,855 

57 

74 

457 

855 

1,205 

1,550 

1,340 

836 

492 

369 

265 

186 

87 

50 

31 

1 

3,790 

27 

32 

182 

364 

542 

801 

692 

461 

265 

159 

121 

86 

36 

12 

9 

1 

4,035 

30 

42 

274 

488 

656 

744 

642 

373 

226 

207 

142 

100 

51 

38 

22 

30 
100.0 



39.1 

39.7 
38.6 



17,880 

448 

561 

2,084 

2.181 

2,635 

2,447 

2,180 

1,825 

1.322 

808 

581 

375 

248 

108 

71 

6 

9,512 

211 

253 

994 

1,005 

1.416 

1.416 

1.155 

964 

763 

475 

352 

218 

161 

70 

54 

5 

8,359 

237 

308 

1,089 

1,175 

1,216 

1.030 

1.024 

860 

559 

332 

229 

157 

87 

38 

17 

1 



100.0 

53.2 

46.8 

Z 

37.1 

38.1 
35.7 



TABLE 54. PERSONS NATURALIZED BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF FORMER ALLEGIANCE, AGE, AND SEX 

FISCAL YEAR 1995— Continued 



Age and sex 



Philip- 
pines 



Soviet 
Union 



United 
Kingdom 



Total 

Under 18 years 

18-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over ... 
Not reported 

Male 

Under 18 years 

18-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over ... 
Not reported 

Female 

Under 18 years 

18-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over ... 
Not reported 

Unknown sex 

Percent distribution . 

Male 

Female 

Unknown 

Median age 

Male 

Female 



10,949 

125 

151 

828 

1,345 

1,503 

1,592 

1,381 

1,178 

883 

722 

503 

373 

202 

101 

59 

3 

4,299 

59 

69 

300 

523 

585 

616 

541 

465 

360 

308 

196 

152 

76 

32 

16 

1 

6,607 

64 

81 

523 

817 

910 

971 

839 

708 

520 

411 

305 

219 

125 

69 

43 

2 

43 

100.0 

39.3 
60.3 



39.8 

40.0 
39.7 



14,170 

346 

485 

1,949 

1,665 

1.618 

1,666 

1,166 

955 

739 

811 

723 

736 

647 

402 

257 

5 

6,106 

167 

249 
990 
779 
597 
618 
436 
423 
360 
403 
291 
288 
253 
143 
108 
1 

8,026 

170 
236 
956 
880 
1.018 
1,045 
727 
530 
375 
407 
430 
447 
393 
259 
149 
4 

38 

100.0 

43.1 
56.6 



38.0 

37.1 
38.6 



67,238 

241 

536 

4,636 

6,783 

8,806 

9.350 

8,320 

6,380 

6,156 

5,523 

4,338 

2,793 

1,893 

840 

631 

12 

31,838 

117 

185 

1,785 

3,307 

4,750 

4.949 

4,001 

2,923 

2,623 

2,353 

2,026 

1,285 

944 

342 

242 

6 

35,159 

117 

341 

2,811 

3,451 

4,032 

4,378 

4,305 

3,440 

3,516 

3,142 

2,295 

1.497 

943 

497 

389 

5 

241 

100.0 

47.4 
52.3 



41.9 

41.0 
42.8 



33,634 

659 
387 
2,311 
4,063 
4,666 
5,049 
3,923 
3,030 
1,870 
1,519 
1,218 
1.521 
1,662 
1,292 
454 
10 

14,794 

334 

174 

1,043 

1,581 

1,716 

1,914 

1,467 

1,252 

756 

640 

485 

872 

1.205 

1,034 

313 

8 

18,819 

325 

212 

1,265 

2,482 

2,949 

3,133 

2,452 

1,774 

1,112 

876 

732 

649 

457 

258 

141 

2 

21 

100.0 

44.0 

56.0 

.1 

39.7 

42.1 
38.5 



7,845 

90 

126 

461 

466 

849 

1,289 

1,284 

993 

544 

580 

459 

381 

208 

63 

50 

2 

3,620 

41 

55 

222 

210 

389 

618 

625 

503 

264 

231 

182 

136 

89 

25 

29 

1 

4,218 

49 

71 

239 

256 

460 

671 

658 

489 

280 

348 

277 

245 

117 

38 

19 

1 



100.0 

46.1 

53.8 

.1 

42.5 
42.2 
42.8 



16,172 

195 

345 
1,353 

970 
1,555 
2,366 
2,126 
1,929 

710 
1,042 

809 
1,100 
1,053 

349 

265 
5 

7,438 
93 
181 

657 

419 

691 

1,102 

1,064 

975 

372 

487 

327 

411 

383 

148 

125 

3 

8,705 

92 

162 

695 

547 

861 

1,262 

1,059 

953 
338 
555 
481 
689 
669 
201 
139 
2 

29 

100.0 

46.0 
53.8 

42.9 

42.6 
43.4 



9316 

154 

426 

1.104 

717 

1,236 

2,076 

1,644 

727 

391 

235 

137 

149 

129 

115 

76 

4342 

85 

254 

546 

331 

488 

930 

794 

332 

175 

127 

69 

69 

62 

44 

36 

4,967 

68 

171 

558 

384 

747 

1,145 

849 

395 

216 

108 

68 

80 

67 

71 

40 



100.0 

466 

53.3 
.1 

37.5 
37.6 
37.4 



14,143 

218 

317 

1,342 

1,342 

1,836 

1,934 

1,693 

1,414 

1,149 

1,170 

784 

520 

249 

116 

56 

3 

6372 
109 
149 
680 
615 
869 
956 
816 
603 
425 
425 
338 
221 
93 
46 
26 
1 

7,751 
108 
166 
660 

723 

965 

977 

874 

809 

722 

745 

446 

298 

156 

70 

30 

2 

20 

100.0 

45.1 

54.8 

.1 

40.2 

39.0 
41.6 



28,074 

437 

1,380 

6,026 

4,262 

3,556 

3,211 

2,749 

1,766 

1,248 

982 

856 

740 

449 

266 

142 

4 

14,746 

209 

667 

3,206 

2,455 

1,957 

1,569 

1,369 

854 

701 

504 

450 

378 

220 

135 

70 

2 

13307 

224 

711 

2,815 

1,805 

1,596 

1,639 

1,379 

912 

547 

478 

405 

362 

229 

131 

72 

2 

21 

100.0 

52.5 

47.4 

.1 

32.6 

32.0 
33.4 



Represents zero. Z Rounds to less than 0.05. 



157 



TABLE 55. PERSONS NATURALIZED BY AGE AND SEX 
FISCAL YEARS 1986-95 



Age and sex 



1986 



1987 



1989 



1990 



1991 



1992 



1993 



1994 



Total 

Under 18 years 

18-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over 
Not reported 

Male 

Under 18 years 

18-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over . 
Not reported 

Female 

Under 18 years 

18-19 years 

20-24 years 

25-29 years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 

60-64 years 

65-69 years 

70-74 years 

75-79 years 

80 years and over 
Not reported 

Unknown sex 



Percent distribution . 

Male 

Female 

Unknown 



Median age 
Male 
Female 



280,623 

10,440 

7,380 

38,736 

46,155 

49,878 

41,401 

26,000 

18,630 

13,387 

9,965 

7,781 

5,149 

3,262 

1,646 

807 

6 

133,982 

4,527 

3,301 

18,578 

22,340 

23,575 

20,201 

12,567 

8,995 

6,423 

4,778 

3,557 

2.420 

1,515 

817 

386 

2 

140,087 

5,717 

3,982 

19,364 

22,894 

25,179 

20,211 

12,733 

9,095 

6,576 

4,923 

4,024 

2,589 

1,650 

770 

377 

3 

6,554 

100.0 

47.7 

499 

2.3 

33.8 

33.9 
336 



227,008 

7,701 

6,065 

30,919 

37,886 

40,829 

33,857 

21,757 

14,426 

10,631 

7,689 

6,296 

4,215 

2,603 

1,351 

778 

5 

109,548 

3,253 

2,702 

14,945 

18,649 

19,852 

16,705 

10,523 

6,966 

5,147 

3,628 

2,973 

1,975 

1,236 

617 

374 

3 

108,583 

3,972 

3,206 

14,930 

17,914 

19,494 

15.750 

10,283 

6,783 

5,008 

3,757 

3,076 

2.088 

1,274 

678 

369 

I 

8,877 

100.0 

48.3 

47.8 

39 

33.8 

33 9 

33 7 



242,063 
6,916 
5,819 

31,885 

39.715 

44,002 

36,381 

24,776 

15,873 

11,521 

8,251 

6,777 

4,667 

2,725 

1,636 

1,118 

1 

120,528 

3,270 

2,700 

15,834 

19,898 

22,164 

18.445 

12,397 

8,045 

5,643 

4,052 

3,196 

2,238 

1,327 

776 

542 

1 

119,599 

3,605 
3,102 
15.829 
19,521 

21,501 

17,613 

12,155 

7,696 

5,759 

4,137 

3,502 

2,383 

1.379 

850 

567 

1.936 

100.0 

49.8 

49 4 

.8 

34.2 

34 2 

34: 



233,777 

6,336 

5,783 

29,799 

37,723 

42,938 

35,795 

24,710 

15,368 

11,099 

7,863 

6,479 

4,695 

2,610 

1,558 

1,012 

9 

115,825 

3,103 

2,693 

14,591 

18,582 

21,710 

18.276 

12,320 

7,684 

5,405 

3,795 

3,019 

2,203 

1,227 

726 



117,837 

3,232 

3,089 

15,193 

19,121 

21,208 

17,502 

12,379 

7,676 

5,686 

4,065 

3.454 

2.492 

1,381 

831 

523 

5 

115 

100.0 

49 5 

50.4 

Z 

34.4 
34.4 
34.4 



270,101 
6,539 
6,453 
31,778 
40,288 
46,984 
40,927 
27,745 
16,877 
12,785 
9,439 
7,638 
5,522 
2,970 
1,679 
1,231 
11,246 

127,847 

2,969 

2,892 

14,944 

19,088 

22,828 

20,275 

13,288 

7,918 

5,706 

4,197 

3,342 

2,478 

1,334 

762 

561 

5,265 

127,096 

3,018 

3,126 

14,859 

18,805 

21,636 

18,602 

13,050 

8,083 

6,370 

4,724 

3,860 

2,730 

1,455 

829 

624 

5,325 

15,158 

100.0 

47 3 

47.1 

5.6 

35.3 
35.3 
35 5 



308,058 

8,345 

8,529 

36,753 

45,079 

54,872 

48,707 

33,381 

20,622 

15,492 

11,779 

9,596 

7,323 

4,052 

2,049 

1,173 

306 

151,620 

3,900 

3,878 

17,836 

22,059 

28,049 

24,911 

16,568 

10,056 

7,368 

5,496 

4,462 

3,442 

1,916 

1,007 

563 

109 

150,140 

3,747 

4,463 

18,183 

22,104 

25,815 

22,907 

16,196 

10.207 

7,865 

6,106 

4,990 

3,777 

2,061 

1,009 

590 

120 

6,298 

100.0 

49,2 

48.7 

2.0 

.35.0 

350 
35.2 



240,252 

7,105 

5,751 

25,790 

34,207 

42,074 

36,459 

25,108 

16,155 

11,883 

9,610 

8,738 

8,614 

5,275 

2,376 

1,103 

4 

120,430 

3,499 

2,503 

12,271 

16,836 

21,667 

18,927 

12,447 

7.906 

5.394 

4,298 

4.176 

5.150 

3,337 

1,445 

572 

2 

114,273 

3,240 

3.044 

12,807 

16,600 

19,478 

16,673 

12,091 

7,905 

6,255 

5,138 

4,413 

3,356 

1,859 

896 

516 

2 

5.549 

100.0 
50.1 

47.6 
2.3 

35.7 
35.8 
35.6 



314,681 

8,854 

6,812 

31,357 

37,957 

47,913 

45,436 

33,471 

23,969 

18,854 

17.165 

14,664 

12,979 

8,642 

4.314 

2,273 

21 

155,910 

4,428 

3,244 

15.032 

18.572 

24.405 

23,259 

16,741 

11,483 

8,461 

7,591 

6,783 

7,106 

5,096 

2,566 

1,130 

13 

157,980 

4.228 

3,543 

16,278 

19.334 

23,445 

22,110 

16,643 

12,427 

10,335 

9.537 

7,840 

5,850 

3,529 

1,741 

1,134 

6 

791 

100.0 
49.5 

50.2 
.3 

37.6 

375 
37.7 



407^98 
9,661 

8,226 

38,981 

46,941 

58,611 

58,681 

46,083 

34,866 

27,015 

23.805 

19,285 

15.756 

10,818 

5,375 

3,274 

20 

193,510 

4,709 

3,805 

18,101 

22,194 

28,545 

28,880 

22,408 

16.335 

11,919 

10,281 

8,393 

7,913 

5,764 

2.818 

1,438 

7 

206,882 
4,669 

4,144 

19,965 

24,059 

29,169 

28,881 

22,855 

17,934 

14,684 

13,145 

10,594 

7,639 

4.887 

2.473 

1 .773 

II 

7,006 

100.0 

47.5 

50.8 

1.7 

38.5 

38.3 
38.7 



■ Represents zero /. Rounds to less than 0.05 percenl 



ISX 



TABLE 56. NATURALIZATION RATES THROUGH FISCAL YEAR 1995 OF IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED 
IN FISCAL YEAR 1977 BY MAJOR CLASS OF ADMISSION AND OCCUPATION 



Class of admission and occupation 



Total, all immigrants 

Classes of admission: 

Unmarried sons and daughters of U.S. citizens 

Spouses and children of legal permanent residents 

Professionals or highly skilled immigrants 

Married sons and daughters of US citizens 

Siblings of U.S. citizens 

Needed skilled or unskilled workers 

Refugee conditional entrants 

Nonpreference 

Independent Western Hemisphere 

Spouses of US citizens 

Children of US, citizens 

Parents of U.S. citizens 

Special immigrants 

Cuban refugee adjustments 

Other 

Occupation: 

Professional specialty and technical occupations 

Architects 

Engineers, surveyors, and mapping scientists 

Mathematical and computer scientists 

Natural scientists 

Physicians 

Other health diagnosing occupations 

Health assessment and treating occupations 

Teachers (postsecondary) 

Teachers (except postsecondary) 

Counselors (educational and vocational) 

Librarians, archivists, and curators 

Social scientists and urban planners 

Social, recreation, and religious workers 

Lawyers and judges 

Writers, artists, entertainers, and athletes 

Professionals, unspecified 

Technologists and technicians (health) 

Technologists and technicians (except health) 

Executive, administrative, and managerial occupations 

Sales occupations 

Administrative support occupations 

Precision production, craft, and repair occupations 

Operator, fabricator, and laborer occupations 

Farming, forestry, and fishing occupations 

Service occupations 

No occupation 

Homemakers 

Unemployed or retired 

Students and/or children 

Unknown or not reported 



Immigrants in 1977 ' 



Number admitted 



352,070 



1,366 
41,681 
10,339 

2,902 
48,527 

7,320 

7,666 

57,962 
24,128 
66,775 

3,855 
21,033 

1,453 

56,239 

824 



41,981 

401 
5,110 

851 
1,620 
7,006 
1,936 
6,347 
1,439 
4,456 
59 

279 

607 
1,897 

393 
4,339 
1.057 
1,386 
2,798 

19.955 
5.520 
20,267 
21,237 
46,510 
7,500 
25,084 

158,667 

88.196 

31.438 

39.033 

5.349 



Naturalizations through 1995 



161,438 



677 
25,188 

7,343 
1.345 
24,557 
3,516 
5,145 

24,438 

7,308 

27,703 

1,512 

5,338 

720 

26,450 

198 



25,064 

217 

3,328 

519 

917 

4,674 

1,285 

4,001 

813 

2,673 

32 

150 

31! 

837 

160 

1.874 

66" 

951 

1,653 

9,840 

2,70.' 
11,55! 

9,374 
20,187 

1,969 
ll,31(i 

66,752 
35,299 

9.434 

22.01') 

2.6S * 



49.6 
60.4 
71.0 
46.3 
50.6 
48.0 
67.1 

42.2 
30.3 
41 5 
39.2 
25.4 
49.6 
47.0 
24.0 



59.7 

54.1 
65.1 
61.0 
56.6 
66.7 
66.4 
63.0 
56.5 
60.0 
542 
5.3.8 
51.2 
44 1 
40 7 

43 2 
63.3 
686 
59 I 
49.3 
48.9 
57 

44 I 
43 4 
26.3 

45 1 

42.1 

40.0 
30.0 
56 4 
50.2 



' Ages 16 and over. 

Naturalizations through 1995 divided by Ihe number of immigrants admitted 



159 



TABLE 57. NATURALIZATION RATES THROUGH FISCAL YEAR 1995 OF IMMIGRANTS 
ADMITTED DM FISCAL YEAR 1977 BY SELECTED COUNTRY OF BERTH 



Region and country 
of birth 



Immigrants in 1977 ' 



Number 
admitted 



Naturaliza- 
tions 
through 
1995 



Region and country 
of birth 



Immigrants in 1977 ' 




Naturaliza- 




Number 


tions 


Rate 2 


admitted 


through 




1995 




7,713 


4,528 


58.7 


647 


263 


40.6 


1,964 


1,319 


67.2 


294 


187 


63.6 


392 


238 


60.7 


418 


257 


61.5 


366 


182 


49.7 


570 


231 


40.5 


1,331 


856 


64.3 


256 


175 


68.4 


200 


119 


59.5 


1,275 


701 


55.0 


2,927 


735 


25.1 


1,016 


90 


8.9 


551 


274 


49.7 


449 


97 


21.6 


349 


98 


28.1 


369 


136 


36.9 


193 


40 


20.7 


142,313 


54,068 


38.0 


9,000 


1,626 


18.1 


30.967 


6.869 


22.2 


89,885 


39,662 


44.1 


354 


136 


38.4 


614 


307 


50.0 


238 


61 


25.6 


2,134 


1,037 


48.6 


367 


78 


21.3 


57.023 


26,668 


46.8 


392 


194 


49.5 


8,955 


2,561 


28.6 


1,023 


529 


51.7 


4,268 


1.841 


43.1 


7.896 


3.587 


45.4 


699 


349 


49.9 


408 


202 


49.5 


456 


224 


49.1 


4,516 


1,722 


38.1 


542 


166 


30.6 


12381 


5,890 


47.6 


660 


285 


43.2 


1,221 


471 


38.6 


3,402 


1,688 


49.6 


2,825 


1,291 


45.7 


1,228 


640 


52.1 


1,351 


679 


50.3 


1,694 


836 


49.4 


80 


21 


26.3 


25,024 


12,198 


48.7 


2,136 


995 


46.6 


576 


344 


59.7 


1,128 


299 


26.5 


2,047 


958 


46.8 


6,138 


3,126 


50.9 


4,063 


1,319 


32.5 


4,115 


2,439 


59.3 


3,158 


1.902 


60.2 


947 


529 


55.9 


485 


175 


36.1 


231 


112 


48.5 



All countries 



Europe 

Austria 

Belgium 

Czechoslovakia . 

Denmark 

Finland 

France 

Germany 

Greece 

Hungary 

Ireland 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Soviet Union 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 



Asia 

Bangladesh 

Burma 

China, People*s Republic . 

Cyprus 

Hong Kong 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Iraq 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Lebanon 

Macau 

Malaysia 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Singapore 

Sri Lanka 

Syria 

Taiwan 

Thailand 

Turkey 

Vietnam 

Yemen 

Other Asia 



352,070 

54,867 

342 

300 

504 

362 

231 

1,283 

4,899 

6,577 

771 

1,076 

5,843 

828 

283 

3,468 

6,964 

1,620 

4,535 

2,086 

485 

485 

8,981 

2,256 



119,226 

460 

776 

14,421 

410 

3,146 

15,033 

658 

3,404 

1,996 

2,078 

3,602 

2,187 

19,824 

3,900 

248 

387 

2,563 

31,686 

226 

314 

1,342 

2,460 

3,009 

1,546 

2,724 

284 

542 



161,438 

17,591 

61 

67 

263 

55 

40 

391 

824 

2,208 

405 

297 

1,131 

152 

32 

1,656 

2,051 

1,097 

2,965 

427 

66 

161 

2,032 

959 

251 

72,318 

317 

528 

9,444 

210 

2,404 

8,877 

330 

1,855 

1,260 

1,332 

601 

1,379 

11,745 

2,551 

182 

231 

1.655 

20,094 

119 

194 

857 

1,922 

1,202 

623 

1,911 

159 

336 



45.9 

32.1 

17.8 
22.3 
52.2 
15.2 
17.3 
30.5 
16.8 
33.6 
52.5 
27.6 
19.4 
18.4 
11.3 
47.8 
29.5 
67.7 
65.4 
20.5 
13.6 
33.2 
22.6 
42.5 
36.5 

60.7 

68.9 
68.0 

65.5 
51.2 
76.4 
59.1 
50.2 
54.5 
63.1 
64.1 
16.7 
63.1 
59.2 
65.4 
73.4 
59.7 
64.6 
63.4 
52.7 
61.8 
63.9 
78.1 
399 
40.3 
70.2 
56.0 
62.0 



Africa 

Cape Verde 

Egypt 

Ethiopia 

Ghana 

Kenya 

Morocco 

Nigeria 

South Africa 

Tanzania 

Uganda 

Other Africa 

Oceania 

Australia 

Fiji 

New Zealand 

Tonga 

Western Samoa 

Other Oceania 

North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Anguilla 

Antigua-Barbuda 

Bahamas, The 

Barbados 

British Virgin Islands 

Cuba 

Dominica 

Dominican Republic 

Grenada 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

St. Kitts& Nevis 

St. Lucia 

St Vincent & Grenadines 

Trinidad & Tobago 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

Other North America 

South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Peru 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Other South America 



Ages 16 and over. 
Naturalizations through 1995 divided by the number of immigrants admitted. 



160 



VI. ENFORCEMENT Data Overview: Removals 



This section covers actions taken by the Immigration and 
Naturalization Service to prevent illegal entry into the 
United States and to apprehend and remove deportable 
aliens from the United States. 

Data Overview: Apprehensions 

Apprehensions are arrests of aliens who are in violation 
of the Immigration and Nationality Act. Apprehensions 
of deportable aliens increased dramatically during the 
1970s, reaching a total of 8.3 million for the decade. 
Apprehensions continued to increase during the 1980s, 
reaching a high of 1.8 million in fiscal year 1986. 
Following passage of the Immigration Reform and 
Control Act of 1986, apprehensions declined sharply in 
1987, returning to the levels of 1983-84. By 1989 total 
apprehensions fell below one million for the first time 
since 1982. Apprehensions increased sharply in 1990, 
then slowly through fiscal year 1993, decreased in 
fiscal year 1994, and then increased in fiscal year 1995 
(Chart T). 

The INS began collecting and reporting the nationality 
of every apprehended alien in fiscal year 1987. The 
1995 data include 181 nationalities; aliens from Mexico 
predominated in the statistics, accounting for 96.1 
percent of the total. The next largest source countries 
were the Dominican Republic, Guatemala, El Salvador, 
Honduras, Canada, India, Jamaica, Colombia, and 
Nicaragua. 

In October 1994, the INS began Operation Gatekeeper, a 
commitment of resources to reduce illegal immigration 
along the heavily-traveled San Diego-Tijuana border area. 
The first phase of Operation Gatekeeper involved 
increased Border Patrol staffing and improvements to 
detection and identification technology. This phase 
coincided with the major devaluation of the Mexican peso 
beginning in December 1994. The number of 
apprehensions in this area increased dramatically from 
January through May 1995. In June, Phase II of 
Operation Gatekeeper began. This phase included 
intensifying enforcement efforts at the San Ysidro port of 
entry where increasing numbers of illegal aliens were 
attempting entry with fraudulent documents. The number 
of aliens intercepted and formally excluded increased 
greatly in the last 3 months of the fiscal year. In addition, 
Phase II included increased Border Patrol activity in 
eastern San Diego county. 



The INS has several options in removing an alien from the 
United States. The best known is deportation, the formal 
removal of an alien from the United States when the presence 
of that alien is deemed inconsistent with the public welfare. 
Deportation is ordered by an immigration judge. However, 
most aliens are actually removed under a process called 
"voluntary return under safeguards." Under this procedure 
an alien admits to illegal status and agrees to leave the United 
States without a hearing before an immigration judge. The 
alien further agrees to remain in custody until departure, 
which is observed by an officer of the INS. 

If the alien does not agree to these conditions, or if no such 
offer is made, the alien is entitled to a hearing before an 
immigration judge and is placed under "docket control" in 
which an INS office takes control of the processing of the 
case. Under certain circumstances the alien may be allowed 
by an INS District Director or immigration judge to 
voluntarily depart and pay for his or her departure, which 
must occur within a specified time frame. Although such 
departures are called "voluntary departure under docket 
control," they are required and verified. In some cases the 
offer of voluntary departure will not or cannot be made; 
those cases may result in deportation. Other possible 
outcomes of an immigration hearing include adjustment to a 
legal status, a stay of deportation, or an alien who absconds. 
A deported alien may not be admitted to the United States 
for a period of 5 years (20 years in the case of aggravated 
felons) after deportation unless the Attorney General grants 
a waiver. An apprehended alien who accepts voluntary 
return under safeguards or who agrees to voluntarily depart 
and pays the expense of departing can be legally admitted in 
the future without penalty. 



More than 32,000 criminal aliens 
were expelled during 1995. 



Another type of removal is exclusion. The INS has the 
initial responsibility for determining who may be admitted 
to the United States. Aliens who are refused admission 
may voluntarily withdraw their application for admission 
or request a hearing before an immigration judge. The 
INS removes those aliens who are ordered excluded and 
deported by an immigration judge or the Board of 
Immigration Appeals. 

The Statistical Yearbook includes detailed statistics on 
exclusions only for those aliens who are denied entry after a 
formal exclusion hearing before an immigration judge. 
However, the overwhelming number of aliens who are found 



161 



Thousands 



Chart T 
Aliens Apprehended: Fiscal Years 1951-95 



2,000 - 
1,750 - 
1,500 - 
1,250 - 
1,000 - 


i 

1 


^ 


1 
J 


m 




M M 






















n - 


|L_.««I^I 











1951 1955 



1960 



1965 



1970 



1975 



1980 



1985 



1990 



1995 



Source: Table 58. See Glossary for fiscal year definitions 



In fiscal year 1995, 971,444 aliens withdrew during the 
inspection process. Only 19,310 aliens continued their cases 
before an immigration judge. The United States formally 
excluded 8,154 aliens (some of these aliens had hearings that 
began in a previous fiscal year). Five countries accounted 
for more than 73 percent of the formal exclusions: Mexico 
(4,487); Canada (666); the Dominican Republic (340); the 
People's Republic of China (260); and Colombia (252). 

The following table illustrates the relative sizes of the 
major expulsion types: 

Fiscal year 1995 Fiscal year 1994 
Voluntary returns 

under safeguard 1,302,840 1,022,976 

Deportations 41,581 39,830 

Exclusions 8,154 5,678 

Voluntary departures 

under docket control 4,187 5,880 

The INS enumerates the largest category of expulsions, 
voluntary return under safeguard, for workload 
management purposes. Little information is available for 



this group. About 99 percent of these removals are of 
Mexican nationals who are returned across the southern 
border soon after their apprehension. 

A removal statistic of great interest is the combination of 
deportations and exclusions. More demographic and 
immigration data are available for aliens excluded or 
deported than are available for the voluntary returns. 
Although these data are also available for required 
departures, the aliens in that category may be eligible for 
an immediate legal reentry to the United States and their 
"expulsion" does not have ihe same connotation as a 
deportation. In 1995, the INS removed aliens from 149 
countries; 21 countries had more than 100 expulsions each. 
Mexican nationals accounted for 68.5 percent of all 
deportations and exclusions The top 10 nationalities 
accounted for 90.7 percent of all removals (see table 
below). 

The passage of the Immigration Reform and Control Act 
in 1986 helped the INS focus on the removal of those 
aliens determined to be the greatest threat to society. In 
1986 the INS removed 1,978 aliens for criminal and 



162 



Country 



All countries 

Mexico 

Honduras 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Dominican Republic 

Colombia 

Jamaica 

Canada 

Nicaragua 

Haiti 



Number 


Percent of 


removed 


total 


49,735 


100.0 


34,083 


68.5 


1,878 


3.8 


1,870 


3.8 


1,717 


3.5 


1,602 


3.2 


1,393 


2.8 


1,036 


2.1 


867 


1.7 


357 


.7 


326 


.7 



narcotics violations. The two types of violations thus 
accounted for 4 percent of all removals. Most of the rest of 
the expelled aliens were charged with illegal entry or with 
violating the conditions of their alien status. In 1995 the 
proportion of aliens removed who were convicted of 
crimes was 64 percent. 



enforcement agencies to ensure that aliens convicted of 
crimes and incarcerated are placed into deportation 
proceedings during or at the end of their prison sentence. 

Limitations of Data 

INS' current data systems cannot link an apprehension to 
its final disposition (removal, adjustment of status, etc.). 
Therefore, analysts should use caution when comparing 
apprehension and removal data. Apprehended aliens who 
choose to use the available appeals procedures will spend 
several months and perhaps several years in the process 
before final disposition of their cases. In other words, 
aliens apprehended in any given fiscal year are quite 
likely to be expelled (or adjusted to legal status, etc.) in 
some future fiscal year. 

In addition, INS statistics on apprehensions and removals 
relate to events, not individuals. For example, if an alien 
has been apprehended three times during the fiscal year, 
that individual will appear three times in the apprehension 
statistics. 



Fiscal 
year 



1995. 
1994. 
1993. 
1992. 
1991. 
1990. 
1989, 
1988. 



Total 
aliens 


Criminal and narcotics 
violations 


removed 


Number 


Percent 


49,735 


32,029 


64.4 


45,508 


30,361 


66.7 


42,383 


27,683 


65.3 


43,493 


24,203 


55.6 


33,087 


16,953 


51.2 


29,939 


11,569 


38.6 


34,288 


7,801 


22.8 


25,829 


5,956 


23.1 



Since 1986, the INS has devoted an increasing proportion 
of resources to drug interdiction at the border and to 
interagency cooperative task forces designed to eliminate 
trafficking in illegal drugs within the United States. The 
INS has improved its cooperation with other law 



The data on removals under docket control reported in this 
and other Statistical Yearbooks should be used cautiously. 
One problem is the time lag in reporting removals. The data 
in this Yearbook have been adjusted to reflect the actual 
year of removal. The data for each fiscal year require 
updating and cannot be considered complete for at least 4 
years. For example, the removals reported during fiscal 
year 1995 that occurred in 1994 increased the number for 
fiscal year 1994 by almost 1 percent. 

Another area of caution involves changes in definitions 
across years. The INS has begun incorporating new 
information about the crimes of aliens removed in recent 
years. This change allows INS to more accurately count 
the number of criminals that it removes. The statistics in 
this Yearbook reflect these changes and update the data on 
reason for removal from fiscal year 1990 onward. For 
example, the number of deported aliens recorded as 
criminal in 1993 increased from 18,870 (1993 Yearbook) 
to 25,066 (1994 Yearbook). 



163 



TABLE 58. ALIENS APPREHENDED AND EXPELLED 
FISCAL YEARS 1892-1995 





Apprehended ' 


Aliens expelled 


Year 












Deported 


Excluded ' 


Voluntary departures ' 


1892-1995 


33,338,169 


1,219,772 


678,230 


29,815,265 


1892-1900 


NA 
NA 


3,127 
11,558 


22,515 
108,211 


NA 


1901-10 


NA 


1911-20 .. 


NA 

128,484 

147,457 

1.377,210 

3,598,949 

509,040 

543,535 

885,587 

1,089,583 


27,912 
92,157 
117,086 
110,849 

129,887 

13,544 
20,181 
19,845 
26,951 


178,109 
189,307 
68,217 
30,263 

20,585 

3,784 
2,944 
3,637 
3,313 


NA 


1921-30 


72,233 


1931-40 


93,330 


1941-50 


1,470,925 


1951-60 


3,883,660 


1951 


673,169 


1952 


703,778 


1953 


885,391 


1954 


1,074,277 


1955 


254,096 
87,696 
59,918 
53,474 
45,336 
70,684 

1,608356 

88,823 


15,028 
7,297 
5,082 
7,142 
7,988 
6,829 

96374 

7,438 


2,667 
1,709 
907 
733 
480 
411 

4,831 

743 


232,769 


1956 


80,891 


1957 


63,379 


1958 


60,600 


1959 .. 


56,610 


1960 


52,796 


1961-70 


1334328 


1961 


52,383 


1962 


92,758 


7,637 


388 


54,164 


1963 


88,712 


7,454 


309 


69,392 


1964 


86,597 


8,746 


421 


73,042 


1965 


110,371 


10,143 


429 


95,263 


1966 


138,520 


9.168 


512 


123,683 


1967 .. . 


161,608 
212,057 


9,260 
9,130 


468 
460 


142,343 


1968 


179,952 


1969 


283,557 


10,505 


525 


240,958 


1970 


345,353 


16,893 


576 


303,348 


1971-80 


8321,498 

420,126 


231,762 

17,639 


8,455 

655 


7,246,812 


1971 


370,074 


1972 


505,949 


16,266 


617 


450,927 


1973 


655,968 


16,842 


504 


568,005 


1974 


788,145 


18,824 


589 


718,740 


1975 


766,600 


23,438 


994 


655,814 


1976 


875.915 


27,998 


1,228 


765,094 


1976, TQ 


221,824 


8,927 


318 


190,280 


1977 


1,042,215 


30,228 


1,035 


867,015 


1978 


1,057,977 


28,371 


906 


975,515 


1979 


1,076,418 
910,361 

11,883328 


25,888 
17,341 

212,911 


937 
672 

19,680 


966,137 


1980 


719,211 




9,961,750 


1981 


975,780 


16,720 


659 


823,875 


1982 


970,246 


14,518 


698 


812,572 


1983 


1,251,357 


18,232 


979 


931,600 


1984 


1,246,981 


17,607 


1,089 


909,833 


1985 


1,348,749 


21,358 


1,747 


1,041,296 


1986 


1,767,400 


22,314 


2,278 


1,586,320 


1987 


1,190,488 


22,342 


1,994 


1,091,203 


1988 


1,008,145 


23,136 


2,693 


911,790 


1989 


954,243 


30,449 


3,839 


830,802 


1990 


1,169,939 


26,235 


3,704 


1,022,459 


1991-95 


6,272,887 

1,197,875 
1,258,482 


186,149 

28,923 
38,487 


28,057 
4,164 
5,006 


5,752,027 


1991 


1.061,018 


1992 


1,105,721 


1993 


1.327,259 


37,328 


5,055 


1,243,211 


1994 


1,094,717 


39,830 


5,678 


1,028.856 


1995 


1,394,554 


41,581 


8,154 


1,313,221 



' Aliens apprehended were first recorded in 1925. Prior to 1960. data represent total aliens actually apprehended. Since 1960, figures are for total deportable 
aliens located, including nonwillful crewman violators. Aliens apprehended in one fiscal year may be expelled in a different fiscal year. ' Excluded aliens are not 
apprehended. ' Required departures and voluntary departures not under docket control; first recorded in 1927. 
NOTE: See Glossary for fiscal year definitions. NA Not available. 

164 



TABLE 59. DEPORTABLE ALIENS LOCATED BY STATUS AT ENTRY 

AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF NATIONALITY 

FISCAL YEAR 1995 





All 




Crew- 


Student 


Temporary worker 


Immi- 


Stow- 


TWOV 


Entry 
without 




Region and country 






Other 


of nationality 


located 




man 




Agricul- 
ture 


Other 


grant 


away 




inspection 






1394,560 

2,741 


11,905 
1,160 


1,279 
206 


896 


176 


218 


9,784 


691 


381 


1365,171 


4,059 




62 


3 


13 


440 


12 


3 


656 


186 


France 


93 


44 


2 


3 






9 






21 


14 


Germany 


202 


107 


2 


4 






51 






23 


15 




26 


11 


1 


1 






1 


1 




9 


2 


Italy 


124 


55 


6 


2 




1 


41 




2 


7 


10 


Poland 


273 


141 


11 


5 


1 


1 


38 






73 


3 




144 


32 


4 








74 






29 


5 


United Kingdom 


532 


299 


8 


16 


1 


1 


104 


2 


1 


53 


47 


Yugoslavia 


103 


35 


2 


1 




3 


26 






30 


6 


Other Europe 


1,244 


436 


170 


30 


1 


7 


96 


9 




411 


84 




7,612 

759 


1,419 

64 


179 

9 


333 

31 


12 

1 


59 

1 


1,036 

61 


14 

2 


4 


3,679 

550 


877 


China, People's Republic .. 


40 


India 


2,355 


145 


9 


27 




4 


50 


- 




2,023 


97 


Iran 


193 


70 


3 


39 


1 




25 


- 




44 


11 




211 


130 


1 


6 




1 


20 






41 


12 


Japan 


89 


32 


4 


20 


4 


2 


7 




- 


13 


7 




211 


92 


1 


46 


- 




38 






23 


11 


Korea 


341 


97 


16 


14 






73 






119 


22 


Lebanon 


135 


64 




13 






20 






25 


13 


Pakistan 


423 


97 


14 


26 


2 


1 


15 






230 


38 


Philippines 


702 


235 


73 


18 


3 


30 


233 




1 


50 


59 




462 


7 


1 






5 


234 


5 




23 


187 




1,731 
2,084 


386 
665 


48 
33 


93 
251 


1 
3 


15 
7 


260 
211 


7 
14 


3 
4 


538 
552 


380 




344 


Liberia 


84 


42 


4 


8 






10 


4 




5 


11 


Nigeria 


548 


221 


3 


123 


3 


5 


61 


1 


1 


81 


49 




1,452 
236 


402 
153 


26 
1 


120 
11 


. 


2 


140 
35 


9 


3 


466 
19 


284 




17 




1376,649 

186 


7,198 

47 


689 

3 


171 

2 


154 


126 


7391 

30 


570 


365 


1357,508 
98 


2,477 


Belize 


6 


Canada 


4,014 


1,098 


3 


9 


3 


12 


88 


1 




2,676 


124 




154 
1,057 


66 
13 


10 
1 


2 
1 




3 
8 


9 

157 


3 


1 


56 
349 


7 


Cuba 


. 525 


Dominican Republic 


6,613 


300 


42 


11 


2 


11 


1,344 


58 


7 


4,731 


: 107 




6,077 
6,450 


55 
92 


11 
46 


1 
1 


2 


1 


165 
65 


4 


2 


5,810 
6,216 


33 


Guatemala 


23 


Haiti 


1,096 


88 


347 


4 




1 


188 


5 




366 


97 


Honduras 


5,796 


100 


99 


5 


3 


3 


76 


10 




5,467 


33 


Jamaica 


2,108 


577 


39 


12 


84 


16 


881 


34 


4 


291 


170 


Mexico 


1,340,458 


4,206 


15 


99 


52 


65 


3,925 


438 


347 


1,330,017 


1,294 


Nicaragua 


1.488 


104 


46 


6 


4 


1 


42 


2 


4 


1,273 


6 


Panama 


222 


67 


5 


2 




1 


79 


8 




48 


12 


Trinidad & Tobago 


414 


181 


8 


7 


1 


1 


190 






15 


11 


Other North America 


516 


204 


14 


9 


3 


3 


152 


7 




95 


29 




5,226 

75 


1308 

35 


167 


68 

I 


4 


13 


671 

18 


81 


5 


2,754 
16 


155 




5 


Brazil 


625 


225 




11 


1 




17 


1 


1 


356 


13 


Colombia 


1,964 


564 


57 


25 




3 


336 


51 


3 


850 


75 




1,236 


93 


13 


7 






76 


6 


1 


1,029 


11 


Guyana 


263 


28 


15 


1 




8 


138 


21 




30 


22 


Peru 


554 


134 


50 


5 


3 




55 






294 


13 


Venezuela 


222 


126 


4 


11 




2 


11 


1 




62 


5 


Other South America 


287 


103 


28 


7 






20 


1 




117 


11 


Unknown or not reported 


12 


2 


4 














3 


3 



TWOV represents transit without visa. See Glossary for definition. 
Represents zero. 



165 



TABLE 60. ALIENS EXCLUDED BY CAUSE 
FISCAL YEARS 1892-1984 



Year 


Total 


Subversive 

or 
anarchist 


Criminal 

or 
narcotics 
violations 


Immoral 


Mental or 
physical 
defect 


Likely to 
become 
public 
charge 


Stowaway 


Attempted 
entry 
without 
proper 

documents 


Contract 
laborer 


Unable to 

read (over 

16 years 

of age) 


Other 


1892-1984 


633,918 

22,515 
108,211 
178,109 
189,307 

68,217 
30,263 
20,585 
4,831 

8,455 

655 
617 
504 
589 
994 

1,228 

318 

1,035 

906 
937 
672 

3,425 

659 

698 

979 

1,089 


1379 

10 

27 

9 

5 

60 

1,098 

128 

32 

11 
8 
2 
4 

1 
4 

2 

10 

5 
4 
1 


14,287 

65 
1,681 
4,353 
2,082 

1,261 

1,134 

1,791 

383 

837 
49 
60 
58 
93 
91 

75 
23 
146 
81 
95 
66 

700 

152 
183 
205 
160 


8,233 

89 
1,277 
4,824 
1,281 

253 
80 

361 
24 

20 
1 

5 
1 

3 
1 

2 
3 
1 
3 

24 

4 
10 
8 
2 


82,593 

1,309 
24,425 
42,129 
11,044 

1,530 

1,021 

956 

145 

31 

11 

5 
5 
2 
4 

1 

3 

3 

1 

2 


219,421 

15,070 
63,311 
90,045 
37,175 

12,519 

1,072 

149 

27 

31 

2 
3 
6 

3 
5 

7 

2 

1 
2 

22 

13 
6 

3 


16,247 

1,904 
8,447 

2,126 

3,182 

376 

175 

30 

21 

4 

1 

1 

2 

1 

7 

2 
2 
3 


192,545 

94,084 

47,858 

22,441 

14,657 

3,706 

7,237 
536 
511 

415 
451 
854 

1,122 
288 
865 

798 
817 
580 

2,562 

486 
478 
728 
870 


41,941 

5,792 
12,991 
15,417 

6,274 

1,235 

219 

13 


13,679 

5,083 
8,202 

258 

108 

26 

2 


43,593 


1892-1900 


190 


1901-10 

1911-20 


4,516 

14,327 


1921-30 


20,709 


1931-40 


1,172 


1941-50 .. 


946 


1951-60 


1,158 


1961-70 


241 


1971-80 


237 


1971 


24 


1972 


21 


1973 

1974 

1975 

1976 

1976, TQ 


17 
36 
36 

22 
7 


1977 

1978 

1979 

1980 

1981-84 


16 
22 
16 
20 

97 


1981 


11 


1982 

1983 


8 
29 


1984 


49 



NOTE: From 1941-53, figures represent all exclusions at sea and air ports and exclusions of aliens seeking entry for 30 days or longer at land ports. After 1953, 
includes aliens excluded after formal hearings. See Glossary for fiscal year definitions. 
- Represents zero. 

TABLE 61. ALIENS EXCLUDED BY CAUSE 
FISCAL YEARS 1985-95 







Convictions for 


Related to criminal 


Attempted entry 




Year 


Total 


criminal or 


or narcotics 


without proper 


Other 






narcotics violations 


violations 


documents 




1985-95 


44J1 2 


14,674 


6 


27,109 


2,523 


1985 


1,747 


297 




1,351 


99 


1986 


2,278 


270 




1,904 


104 


1987 


1,994 


426 




1,423 


145 


1988 


2,693 


482 


- 


2,043 


168 


1989 


3,839 


773 


- 


2,868 


198 


1990 


3,704 


952 




2,546 


206 


1991 


4,164 


1,415 


1 


2,443 


305 


1992 


5,006 


1,833 


4 


2,908 


261 


1993 


5,055 


2.566 


1 


2,220 


268 


1994 


5,678 


2,703 




2,651 


324 


1995 


8,154 


2,957 




4,752 


445 



NOTE: Data include aliens excluded after formal hearings See Glossary for fiscal year definitions The definition of which aliens counted as criminal aliens 
changed in 1990. See Enforcement section of text. 
- Represents zero 



166 



TABLE 62. ALIENS EXCLUDED BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF BIRTH 
FISCAL YEARS 1991-95 



Region and country of birth 


1991 


1992 


1993 


1994 


1995 




4,164 
165 


5,006 
195 


5,055 
164 


5,678 
234 


8,154 
219 








France 


6 


5 


11 


9 


12 




Italy 


16 


23 


13 


15 


11 




Netherlands 


8 


7 


1 


1 


12 




Poland 


17 


34 


13 


30 


22 




Romania 


3 


3 


3 


13 


27 




United Kingdom 


47 


47 


45 


60 


38 




Yugoslavia 


5 


10 


12 


21 


27 






63 


66 


66 


85 


70 






368 


787 


697 


1,065 


755 




Bangladesh 


33 


55 


46 


39 


35 




Cambodia 








2 


14 




China, People's Republic 


27 


38 


60 


408 


260 




India 


53 


141 


226 


175 


130 




Korea 


8 


15 


17 


28 


25 




Lebanon 


17 


14 


37 


18 


20 




Pakistan 


59 


280 


97 


117 


98 




Philippines 


34 


90 


48 


82 


56 






45 


70 
1 


46 

5 


32 
10 


12 
15 








Turkey 


7 


5 


2 


6 


13 






85 
123 


78 
253 


113 
299 


148 
372 


77 
444 








Coted' Ivoire 


2 


5 


11 


13 


14 




Egypt 


6 


4 


6 


7 


11 




Ghana 


41 


54 


82 


91 


132 




Guinea 


1 


11 


4 


4 


11 




Liberia 


2 


9 


20 


12 


20 






22 


19 


13 


20 


35 




Nigeria 


20 


98 


103 


146 


113 




Senegal 


1 


2 


8 


7 


17 






28 
22 


1 

50 

20 


6 

46 

35 


2 
70 

23 


11 
80 

15 














3,003 


3,256 


3,427 


3,500 


6,211 




Canada 


561 


771 


921 


817 


666 




Mexico 


1,110 


1,182 


1,319 


1,630 


4,487 






1,146 


961 


1,012 


813 


788 






10 


7 


12 


10 


12 




Cuba 


111 


117 


117 


66 


37 




Dominican Republic 


411 


279 


505 


432 


340 




Haiti 


389 


285 


156 


50 


128 






156 


200 


181 


205 


210 






36 


39 


15 


29 


27 






33 
186 

8 


34 
341 

9 


26 

175 

16 


21 

238 

15 


34 

270 

16 








Belize 






58 
50 


135 
123 


68 

52 


79 
86 


117 
81 




Guatemala 






46 


40 


20 


44 


28 




Nicaragua 


8 


7 


10 


8 


12 






16 

463 
13 


27 
1 

485 

11 


9 

430 

23 


6 
2 

476 

18 


16 

507 

22 
















Brazil 


109 


113 


58 


68 


50 






177 


161 


190 


260 


252 




Ecuador 


57 


61 


42 


15 


40 






41 
28 


41 

70 


50 
51 


35 

54 


59 

44 




Peru 






6 


12 


6 


10 


31 






32 
20 


16 

10 


10 

3 


16 
8 


9 
3 




Unknown or not reported 





- Represents zero. 



167 



TABLE 63. ALIENS UNDER DOCKET CONTROL REQUIRED TO DEPART 

BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF NATIONALITY 

FISCAL YEARS 1991-95 



Region and country of nationality 



All countries 

Europe 

Bulgaria 

France 

Germany 

Poland 

Romania 

Soviet Union 

United Kingdom 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

China, People's Republic 

India 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Laos 

Philippines 

Thailand 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Egypt 

Nigeria 

Other Africa 

Oceania 

Fiji 

Other Oceania 

North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Cuba 

Dominican Republic 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

Trinidad & Tobago 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Other Central America 

South America 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Peru 

Venezuela 

Other South America 

Stateless or not reported 



7,138 

769 

10 
49 

45 
279 

12 

7 

112 

50 
205 

761 

51 
46 

113 

22 

61 

3 

119 
28 

318 

173 

10 
10 
153 

56 

4 
52 

4,866 

103 

2,520 

453 

22 

243 

13 

94 

34 

47 

1,790 

24 

31 

643 

404 

220 

435 

33 

404 

59 
14 
120 
41 
70 
21 
79 



7,591 

689 

19 

49 
32 

244 
17 
10 

100 
26 

192 

816 

95 
48 
59 
36 
45 
2 

190 
27 

314 

214 

22 
30 
162 

54 

3 
51 

5314 

120 

3,150 

426 

12 

280 

15 

73 

27 

19 

1,618 

16 

24 

629 

365 

176 

392 

16 

441 

49 
16 
152 
43 
69 
31 
81 



6351 

495 

28 
29 
23 

129 
36 
24 
82 
25 

119 

756 

107 
65 
38 
37 
48 
11 

193 
23 

234 

134 

31 
25 
78 

51 

13 
38 

4338 

92 

2,772 

486 

21 

347 

10 

63 

26 

19 

1,188 

12 

16 

580 

204 

122 

236 

18 

327 
35 
19 
95 
40 
52 
19 
67 



5,880 

533 

46 
18 
21 

102 
72 
66 
74 
24 

110 

700 

48 

69 

21 

29 

55 

5 

245 

7 

221 

94 

11 
17 
66 

43 

17 
26 

4,163 

67 

2,731 

521 

32 

385 

20 

41 

18 

25 

844 

13 

9 

330 

143 

130 

206 

13 

322 

35 
20 
98 
28 
70 
16 
55 



4,187 

309 

31 
18 
20 
28 
41 
40 
53 
12 
66 

383 

30 
43 
14 
18 
31 
12 
151 
14 
70 

74 

15 
12 
47 

26 

10 
16 

3,145 

44 
2,278 

354 
23 

238 
28 
33 
13 
19 

469 
15 
12 

160 

122 

78 

73 

9 

243 

26 
11 
95 
18 
50 
19 
24 



168 



TABLE 64. ALIENS UNDER DOCKET CONTROL REQUIRED TO DEPART BY 

CAUSE AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF NATIONALITY 

FISCAL YEAR 1995 







Convictions 


Related to 


Entered 


Violation of 




Region and country 




for criminal 


criminal or 


nonim- 


Other 


of nationality 




or narcotics 


narcotics 


inspection 


migrant 








violations 


violations 


status 






4,187 
309 


429 

7 


12 


3,113 
157 


457 
125 


176 




19 




31 






13 


18 


- 




18 




- 


8 


9 


1 




20 


1 


- 


13 


5 


1 


Poland 


28 


1 




17 


8 


2 




41 


1 


- 


26 


12 


2 




40 

53 


1 
1 


1 


16 

20 


15 
30 


8 


United Kingdom 


1 


Yugoslavia 


12 




- 


8 


4 


- 




66 


2 


_ 


36 


24 


4 




383 

30 


12 

4 


2 


190 

12 


154 

14 


25 


China, People's Republic 






43 






22 


15 


6 




14 






6 


8 


■ 




18 


1 




7 


8 


2 


Korea 


31 




- 


11 


17 


3 


Laos 


12 


1 


- 


11 




- 


Philippines 


151 


3 


- 


81 


59 


8 




14 


-2 




6 


5 


1 




70 

74 
15 


3 
5 


- 


34 

41 

9 


28 

23 
6 


5 




5 


Egypt 


- 




12 


3 


- 


3 


4 


2 




47 
26 


2 
1 




29 
16 


13 
7 


3 




2 




10 




- 


9 


1 






16 

3,145 

44 


1 

366 

7 


7 

4 


7 

2,550 
16 


6 

102 

10 


2 




120 


Canada 


7 




2,278 


281 


3 


1,891 


48 


55 




354 

23 


55 

9 


■ 


232 
1 


19 


48 


Cuba 


13 




238 


34 




176 


4 


24 


Haiti 


28 


3 




19 


3 


3 




33 


7 




16 


4 


6 




13 






7 


4 


2 




19 
469 

15 
12 
160 
122 
78 


2 
23 

8 
8 
3 


" 


13 
411 

15 

8 
146 
102 
72 


4 
25 

4 
4 
8 
1 






10 




- 




- 




2 




4 




2 




73 


2 




65 


4 


2 




9 


2 




3 


4 






243 

26 
11 
95 
18 
50 
19 
24 

7 


37 
2 

1 
25 
2 
3 
3 
1 


2 

2 


155 

21 
4 

50 
15 
38 
11 
16 

4 


46 

3 
6 
17 
1 
9 
4 
6 


3 






Chile . 






1 






Peru 






1 




1 




1 


2 













NOTE: The definition of which aliens counted as criminal aliens changed in 1990. See Enforcement section of text. 
Represents zero. 



169 



TABLE 65. ALIENS DEPORTED BY CAUSE 
FISCAL YEARS 1908-80 



Year 


Total 


Subver- 
sive or 
anarchist 


Criminal 
viola- 
tions 


Immoral 


Narcotics 
viola- 
tions 


Mental 

or 
physical 
defect 


Previ- 
ously 

excluded 
or 

deported 


Failed to 
maintain 
or comply 
with con- 
ditions of 
nonim- 
migrant 
status 


Entered 
without 
proper 
docu- 
ments 


Entered 
without 
inspec- 
tion or 
by false 
state- 
ments 


Public 
charge 


Unable 
to read 
(over 16 
years 
of age) 


Other 


1908-80 


812,915 

6,888 
27,912 
92,157 
117,086 
1 10,849 
129,887 
96,374 

231,762 

17,639 
16,266 
16,842 
18,824 
23,438 

27,998 
8,927 
30,228 
28,371 
25,888 
17,341 


1,528 

353 
642 
253 

17 
230 

15 

18 

2 
2 
7 
3 

1 
3 


48330 

236 
1,209 
8,383 
16,597 
8,945 
6,742 
3,694 

2,524 
286 
266 
226 
191 
225 
272 
83 
285 
220 
264 
206 


16,582 

784 

4,238 
4,838 

759 
1,175 

397 

67 
9 

7 
7 
7 
4 
8 
2 
6 
4 
9 
4 


8339 

6,364 
374 

1,108 
822 
947 

1,462 

3,626 

232 
307 
395 
396 
583 
464 
110 
372 
314 
265 
188 


27305 

3,228 

178 

8,936 

6,301 

1,560 

642 

236 

38 

7 
3 
7 
7 
6 
2 

3 
1 
2 


41,022 

1,842 
9,729 
17,642 
4,002 
3,601 

4,028 

476 
487 
594 
440 
526 
481 
141 
315 
236 
202 
130 


124,465 

5,556 
14,669 
13,906 
25,260 
31,334 

33,740 
4,140 
3,966 
3,989 
3,839 
3,649 
3,782 
1,007 
3,150 
2,543 
1,901 
1,774 


154,896 

31,704 
45,480 
14,288 
35,090 
11,831 

16,503 

2,979 

2,710 

2,247 

2,086 

1,896 

1,185 

271 

1,066 

871 

707 

485 


334,889 

1,106 
4,128 
5,265 
5,159 
50,209 
54,457 
43,561 

171,004 
9,483 
8,486 
9,342 
11,839 
16,529 
21,777 
7,304 
25,012 
24,165 
22,525 
14,542 


22,556 

474 

9,086 

10,703 

1,886 

143 

225 

8 

31 

4 
6 
4 
2 
1 
1 
3 
1 
5 
3 
1 


16,672 

704 

5,977 

8,329 

1,746 

5 

1 
1 


16341 


1908-10 


1,060 


1911-20 


1,566 


1921-30 


8,537 


1931-40 


2,737 


1941-50 


812 


1951-60 


1,112 


1961-70 


235 


1971-80 


182 


1971 


21 


1972 

1973 

1974 

1975 

1976 

1976, TQ 

1977 

1978 

1979 

1980 


26 
24 
14 
19 
24 
6 
15 
12 
10 
11 



NOTE: Deportation statistics by cause were not available prior to fiscal year 1908. See Glossary for fiscal year definitions. 
- Represents zero. 



TABLE 66. ALIENS DEPORTED BY CAUSE 
FISCAL YEARS 1981-95 







Convictions 


Related to 


Entered 

without 

inspection 


Violation of 




Year 


Total 


for criminal 
or narcotics 


criminal or 
narcotics 


nonim- 
migrant 


Other 






violations 


violations 


status 




1981-95 


399,060 


152,811 


4,194 


209,722 


19,097 


13,236 


1981-90 


212,911 


33,056 


1,828 


153345 


15,842 


8,840 


1981 


16,720 


310 


54 


13,601 


1,959 


796 


1982 


14,518 


413 


64 


11,554 


1,796 


691 


1983 


18,232 


863 


93 


14,318 


1,958 


1,000 


1984 


17,607 


981 


80 


14,082 


1,702 


762 


1985 


21,358 


1,551 


151 


16,957 


1,916 


783 


1986 


22,314 


1,708 


165 


17,812 


1,865 


764 


1987 


22,342 


4,111 


274 


15,833 


1,273 


851 


1988 


23.136 


5,474 


308 


15,337 


996 


1,021 


1989 


30,449 


7,028 


342 


20,648 


1,249 


1,182 


1990 


26.235 


10,617 


297 


13,203 


1,128 


990 


1991-95 


186,149 


119,755 


2366 


56377 


3,255 


4396 


1991 


28,923 


15,538 


476 


10,919 


974 


1,016 


1992 


38,487 


22,370 


690 


13,449 


862 


1,116 


1993 


37,328 


25,117 


485 


10,383 


529 


814 


1994 


39,830 


27,658 


474 


10,391 


479 


828 


1995 


41,581 


29,072 


241 


11,235 


411 


622 



NOTE: The definition of which aliens counted as criminal aliens changed in 1990 See Enforcement section of text 

170 



TABLE 67. ALIENS DEPORTED BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF NATIONALITY 

FISCAL YEARS 1991-95 



Region anu country of nationality 



1994 



1995 



All countries 

Europe 

France 

Germany 

Italy 

Poland 

Portugal 

Spain 

United Kingdom 

Other Europe 

Asia 

China, People's Republic 

India 

Iran 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Lebanon 

Pakistan 

Philippines 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Ghana 

Niger 

Nigeria 

Other Africa 

Oceania 

North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

Caribbean 

Bahamas, The 

Barbados 

Dominican Republic .... 

Haiti 

Jamaica 

Trinidad & Tobago 

Other Caribbean 

Central America 

Belize 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

South America 

Argentina 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Guyana 

Peru 

Venezuela 

Other South America 

Stateless or not reported ... 



28,923 

450 

27 
31 
27 
76 
25 
7 
154 
103 

457 
16 
27 
18 
34 
92 
12 
20 
33 



274 
10 
63 

125 
76 

38 

26,112 

264 

19,834 

1,717 

37 

19 

716 

169 

612 

81 

83 

4,297 

84 

43 

1,510 

1,063 

1,262 

265 

70 

1,360 

24 
23 
58 
33 
919 
96 
56 
96 
41 
14 

232 



38,487 

626 

30 
55 
48 
98 
40 
11 
174 
170 

590 

39 

42 
44 
42 
22 
38 
28 
45 
132 
158 

392 

15 
57 
205 
115 

40 

34,955 

279 

26,457 

2,458 

60 

20 

1,079 

168 

934 

107 

90 

5,761 

97 

42 

1,954 

1,407 

1,849 

307 

105 

1,784 
36 

23 
56 
26 
1,221 
108 
106 
126 
67 
15 

100 



37328 

673 

44 
87 
44 
64 
42 
14 
226 
152 

547 
40 
38 
46 
45 
31 
31 
36 
38 
120 
122 

417 

24 

34 

234 

125 

42 

33,968 

232 

25,779 

2,502 

56 

27 

1,153 

159 

888 

123 

96 

5,455 

114 

38 

2,006 

1,307 

1,642 

243 

105 

1,635 

16 

23 
39 
43 
1,114 
93 
81 
158 
42 
26 

46 



39,830 

733 
49 
80 

47 
54 
45 
19 
255 
184 

585 

44 
41 
43 
31 
40 
27 
35 
29 
148 
147 

582 

32 

17 

349 

184 

65 

36,101 

208 

28,439 

2315 

53 

27 

1,135 

106 

795 

104 

95 

5,139 

83 

27 

1,783 

1,190 

1,588 

369 

99 

1,717 

27 
20 
57 
38 
1,169 

107 
75 

141 
60 
23 

47 



41381 

713 

52 
84 
55 
44 
34 
25 
218 
201 

519 

41 
28 
38 
31 
27 
25 
26 
44 
133 
126 

454 

41 

31 

211 

171 

70 

38,123 

201 

29,596 

2,573 

59 

25 

1,262 

198 

826 

118 

85 

5,753 

55 

33 

1,753 

1,636 

1.850 

345 

81 

1,666 

26 
25 
35 
52 
1.141 

120 
63 

153 

44 

7 

36 



171 



TABLE 68. ALIENS DEPORTED BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY TO WHICH DEPORTED 

FISCAL YEARS 1991-95 



Region and country 
to which deported 


1991 


1992 


1993 


1994 


1995 




28,923 


38,487 


37328 


39,830 


41,581 




433 

19 


559 

19 


635 

34 


680 

37 


677 

47 


Italy 

Poland 


46 
21 
70 


59 
46 
87 


95 
44 
63 


80 
46 
51 


84 
50 
46 




26 
157 
94 


39 
150 
159 


41 
202 
156 


40 
228 
198 


33 
209 




208 




436 

9 
21 


553 

29 
35 


521 

30 

32 


570 

35 
37 


489 


China, People's Republic 

India 


35 

25 




14 


36 


31 


35 


33 




33 


46 


38 


32 


33 




89 
11 


24 
35 


31 

28 


41 
26 


27 




24 




32 


45 


37 


32 


41 


Philippines 


88 
139 

274 


123 
180 

386 


118 
176 

404 


146 
186 

579 


134 
137 




445 




9 


17 


24 


33 


42 


Niger 


75 
112 
78 

49 


89 
175 
105 

54 


77 
190 
113 

57 


51 

320 
175 

78 


59 
184 
160 




76 




26,340 


35,133 


34,070 


36,198 


38,216 


Canada 


333 


381 


294 


253 


248 


Mexico 


20,065 


26,653 


25.943 


28,582 


29,742 




1,734 


2,487 


2,508 


2,328 


2,573 


Bahamas, The 


38 


63 


56 


54 


56 


Barbados 


18 


20 


28 


26 


24 


Dominica 


46 


96 


50 


53 


58 


Dominican Republic 


710 


1,023 


1.137 


1,124 


1,225 


Haiti 


169 


166 


155 


102 


195 


Jamaica 


610 


934 


885 


797 


825 


Trinidad & Tobago 


77 


107 


124 


103 


118 




66 
4,208 

85 


78 
5,612 


73 
5,325 


69 
5,035 


72 




5,653 


Belize 


100 


117 


83 


58 




38 
1,461 
1,039 


46 
1.900 
1.356 


36 
1,981 
1.258 


30 
1,775 
1,146 


33 




1,736 




1.576 


Honduras 


1,267 


1,828 


1,607 


1.559 


1.841 


Nicaragua 


253 


286 


228 


352 


332 


Panama 


65 


96 


98 


90 


77 




1,384 

67 


1,796 


1,629 


1,720 


1,674 


Brazil 


55 


38 


54 


38 


Chile 


29 


27 


41 


39 


55 


Colombia 


946 


1.239 


1.111 


1.190 


1.157 


Ecuador 


96 


107 


92 


106 


116 


Guyana 


56 


104 


81 


75 


64 


Peru 


98 


131 


167 


138 


150 




35 


57 


37 


52 


43 




57 
7 


76 
6 


62 
12 


66 

5 


51 


Stateless or not reported 


4 



172 



TABLE 69. ALIENS DEPORTED BY CAUSE AND REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF NATIONALITY 

FISCAL YEAR 1995 







Convictions 


Related to 


Entered 


Violation of 




Region and country 


Total 


for criminal 


criminal or 


nonim- 


Other 


of nationality 




or narcotics 


narcotics 


inspection 


migrant 








violations 


violations 


status 






41,581 
713 


29,072 


241 


11,235 


411 


622 




326 


6 


191 


168 


22 


France 


52 


23 




13 


14 


2 


Germany 


84 


29 




27 


25 


3 


Italy 


55 


28 




16 


11 




Poland 


44 


17 




16 


11 




Portugal 


34 


28 


- 


4 


1 


1 


Spain 


25 


6 


3 


4 


12 




United Kingdom 


218 


124 


3 


39 


42 


10 




201 


71 




72 


52 


6 




519 


288 


2 


119 


79 


31 


China, People's Republic 


41 


18 


- 


16 


2 


5 


India 


28 


13 


- 


10 


3 


2 


Iran 


38 


28 


- 


3 


7 




Israel 


31 


15 


- 


10 


6 




Japan 


27 


10 


- 


8 


8 


1 


Korea 


25 


11 


- 


8 


6 


- 


Lebanon 


26 


19 




6 




1 


Pakistan 


44 


28 




9 


2 


5 


Philippines 


133 


73 


1 


19 


28 


12 




126 
454 


73 
354 


1 
2 


30 
54 


17 
33 


5 




11 


Ghana 


41 


36 




2 


2 


1 


Niger 


31 


23 


1 


2 


5 




Nigeria 


211 


179 


1 


19 


8 


4 




171 
70 


116 
39 




31 
15 


18 
15 


6 




1 




38,123 

201 


26,722 
152 


225 
11 


10,546 

21 


92 

6 


538 


Canada 


11 


Mexico 


29.596 


22.158 


200 


6,755 


53 


430 




2,573 


2,253 


4 


248 


16 


52 


Bahamas, The 


59 


52 




4 


3 




Barbados 


25 


22 






1 




Dominican Republic 


1,262 


1,076 


2 


149 


4 


31 


Haiti 


198 


180 


1 


13 




4 


Jamaica 


826 


753 


1 


53 


5 


14 




118 


102 




12 


2 


2 




85 

5,753 

55 


68 
2,159 

46 


10 


15 

3,522 

9 


1 
17 


1 




45 


Belize 






33 
1,753 
1,636 


24 
902 

471 


5 

2 


9 

833 

1,147 


6 






13 




10 




1,850 


508 


1 


1,315 


7 


19 




345 


132 


2 


204 


4 


3 




81 


76 




5 








1,666 

26 


1,315 

16 


6 


303 

8 


24 

2 


18 








25 


18 




6 


1 




Brazil 


35 


10 




21 


3 


1 


Chile 


52 


27 




24 


1 






1,141 


993 


5 


126 


9 


8 




120 


74 


1 


41 


2 


2 




63 
153 


49 
92 




9 

57 


1 
2 


4 


Peru 


2 




44 


30 


- 


10 


3 


1 




7 


6 


- 


1 




- 


Stateless or not reported 


36 


28 


- 


7 




1 



NOTE: The definition of which aliens counled as criminal aliens changed in 1 990. See Enforcement section of text. - Represents zero. 



173 



TABLE 70. ALIENS DEPORTED AND UNDER DOCKET CONTROL 

REQUIRED TO DEPART BY STATUS AT ENTRY 

FISCAL YEARS 1990-95 



Status at entry 



1990 



1991 



1992 



1993 



Aliens deported: 

Total 

Immigrant (except displaced person or refugee) 

Displaced person or refugee 

Foreign government official 

Temporary visitor 

Visitor for business — Visa Waiver 

Visitor for pleasure — Visa Waiver 

Transit alien 

Crewman 

Treaty trader or investor 

Representative to international organization 

Returning resident alien 

Student — academic institution 

Student — vocational 

Entered without inspection 

Other temporary worker or industrial trainee .... 
Representative of foreign information media .... 

Exchange visitor 

Fiance(e) 

Intracompany transferee 

Other or unknown 

Aliens under docket control required to depart: ' 

Total 

Immigrant (except displaced person or refugee) 

Displaced person or refugee 

Foreign government official 

Temporary visitor 

Visitor for business- — Visa Waiver 

Visitor for pleasure — Visa Waiver 

Transit alien 

Crewman 

Treaty trader or investor 

Representative to international organization 

Returning resident alien 

Student — academic institution 

Student — vocational 

Entered without inspection 

Other temporary worker or industrial trainee ,... 
Representative of foreign information media .... 

Exchange visitor 

Fiance(e) 

Intracompany transferee 

Other or unknown 



26,235 

1,221 

57 

15 

1,608 

1 

68 

37 

154 

5 

3 

4 

189 

4 

21,877 

102 

2 

7 

5 

4 

872 



11,516 

154 

50 

13 

2,248 

1 

5 

64 

110 

27 



311 

13 

7,882 

102 

3 

66 

20 

35 

408 



28,923 

1,547 



1,646 
2 
98 
46 
102 
16 
2 

175 

2 

24,317 

52 

1 

10 

9 

10 

794 



7,138 

118 

25 

8 

1,697 

29 

49 
54 
26 



176 

9 

4,570 

71 

42 
12 



38,487 

2,418 

143 

18 

2,165 

2 

22 

38 

139 

10 

3 

287 

5 

32,232 

103 

3 

16 

15 

5 

863 



7,591 

148 

22 

6 

1.655 

2 

47 
44 
9 

I 

170 

10 

5,073 

107 

54 

26 

10 

207 



37328 

2,789 

186 

11 

1,967 

17 

178 

34 

93 

9 

1 

210 

6 

30,884 

83 

5 

10 

10 

5 

830 



6351 

125 

31 

1,331 



16 

2 

139 

6 

4.308 
58 

56 
16 



39,830 

2,904 

148 

11 

2,145 

11 

250 

55 

81 

6 

3 

3 

263 

7 

33,038 



18 

22 

4 

789 



5,880 

121 
34 

5 
1.184 

1 
19 
51 
29 

7 

2 

107 

4 

3,956 

151 

46 

15 

7 

141 



Excludes required departures of technical violators and direct departures under safeguards 
Represents zero. 



! ': 



TABLE 71. ALIENS EXPELLED BY REGION AND DISTRICT OFFICE 
FISCAL YEAR 1995 



Region and district office 



All regions 

Eastern Region 

Atlanta, GA 

Baltimore, MD 

Boston, MA 

Buffalo, NY 

Cleveland, OH 

Detroit, MI 

Miami, FL 

Newark, NJ 

New Orleans, LA .. 

New York, NY 

Philadelphia, PA ... 

Portland, ME 

San Juan, PR 

Washington, DC 

Central Region 

Chicago, IL 

Dallas, TX 

Denver, CO 

El Paso, TX 

Harlingen, TX 

Helena, MT 

Houston, TX 

Kansas, MO 

Omaha, NE 

St. Paul, MN 

San Antonio, TX ... 

Western Region 

Anchorage, AK 

Honolulu, HI 

Los Angeles, CA ... 

Phoenix, AZ 

Portland, OR 

San Diego, CA 

San Francisco, CA 
Seattle, WA 




Voluntary departures ' 



1307,027 

7,326 

973 
122 

47 
1,666 

82 
676 
440 

34 
225 
103 
220 
650 
1.9% 

92 

468,207 

708 

8,709 

973 

118.658 

165,316 

126 

63 

603 

166 

547 

172.338 

831,494 

37 

218 

5.294 

249.119 

45 

558,680 

15.835 

2.266 



Required departures and voluntary departures not under docket control. 
Represents zero. 



175 



TABLE 72. SERVICE PARTICIPATION IN THE CONTROL OF MARIJUANA, NARCOTICS, 

AND DANGEROUS DRUG TRAFFIC 

FISCAL YEARS 1984-95 





Type of contraband 




Year and seizure 


Marijuana 


Heroin 


Opium 


Cocaine 


Hashish 


Dangerous 

drug pills 

(units) 


Other 


Total 




(lbs.) 


(ozs.) 


(ozs.) 


(ozs.) 


(ozs.) 






1984: 


















Number of seizures 


1,104 


24 


2 


155 


79 


97 


40 


1,501 


Amount seized 


37,700.7 
29,592,892 


412.9 

11,061,697 


27.7 
23,232 


3,605.8 

12,532,267 


77.8 
41,606 


46,065 
31,199 


X 

1,124,084 


X 


Estimated value of seizures (dollars) .. 


54,406,977 


1985: 


















Number of seizures 


1,853 


33 


4 


169 


200 


151 


47 


2,457 


Amount seized 


72,469.9 


371.4 


34.9 


22,142.9 


92.4 


13,290 


X 


X 


Estimated value of seizures (dollars) .. 


49,883,060 


4,093,249 


17,325 


75,822,274 


69.761 


15,111 


169,248 


130.070,028 


1986: 


















Number of seizures 


2,377 


71 


3 


291 


391 


238 


110 


3,481 


Amount seized 


143,232.8 


990.4 


65.1 


44,200.5 


460.7 


160,392 


X 


X 


Estimated value of seizures (dollars) .. 


91,173,982 


59,758,294 


1,529,600 


111,111,329 


182,965 


267,252 


180,581 


264,204,003 


1987: 


















Number of seizures 


4,003 


83 


3 


511 


279 


312 


201 


5,392 


Amount seized 


225,946.7 
188,351,449 


1,327.4 
27,261.814 


184.1 
103,300 


209,259.8 
435,983,013 


115.6 
28,312 


654,437 
2,525,201 


X 

7,423,275 


X 


Estimated value of seizures (dollars) .. 


661,676,364 


1988: 


















Number of seizures 


4,190 


126 


3 


676 


259 


231 


339 


5,824 




333,790.1 
250,444,625 


1,307.0 
40,370,058 


19.8 
250,800 


236,520.4 
505,038,974 


107.9 
39,634 


104,043 
145,194 


X 

7.245,615 


X 


Estimated value of seizures (dollars) .. 


803.534,900 


1989: 


















Number of seizures 


5,920 


368 


13 


1,609 


181 


224 


441 


8.756 


Amount seized 


556,864.7 
442,913,841 


23,767.6 
193,443,462 


231.3 
216,803 


641,487.5 
1.346.492,775 


79.0 
101,486 


6,113,197 
1,896,080 


X 

2.870,994 


X 


Estimated value of seizures (dollars) .. 


1,987.935.441 


1990: 


















Number of seizures 


4,759 


577 


X 


1.847 


X 


164 


388 


7,735 


Amount seized 


441,125.9 


6,193.0 


X 


832,419.0 


X 


73,249 


X 


X 


Estimated value of seizures (dollars) . 


335,137,424 


56,229.417 


X 


1,334,308,733 


X 


230.468 


13,527,003 


1,739,433,045 


1991: 


















Number of seizures 


4,983 


403 


X 


1,624 


X 


133 


289 


7.432 


Amount seized ... 


388,104.3 
330,633,986 


3,717.3 
31,734,541 


X 
X 


877,419.5 
1,224,947,975 


X 
X 


160,431 
380,698 


X 

5.783,668 


X 


Estimated value of seizures (dollars) .. 


1,593.480.868 


1992: 


















Number of seizures 


6,162 


285 


X 


1,265 


X 


93 


276 


8.081 


Amount seized 


587,512.5 


6,859.6 


X 


796,681.0 


X 


362,199 


X 


X 


Estimated value of seizures (dollars) . 


552,035,249 


70,081,917 


X 


1.008,758.349 


X 


2,763,233 


2,215,141 


1.635.853.889 


1993: 


















Number of seizures 


7.848 


270 


X 


1,217 


X 


111 


364 


9,810 


Amount seized 


683,649 
574,514,441 


5,977 
74,301,714 


X 
X 


863,740 

1.510,042.908 


X 
X 


75.921 
173,370 


X 

15,909,284 


X 


Estimated value of seizures (dollars) 


2.174.941.717 


1994: 


















Number of seizures 


7,151 


280 


X 


978 


X 


116 


414 


8,939 


Amount seized 


676.584 


5.791 


X 


792,323 


X 


104,658 


X 


X 


Estimated value of seizures (dollars) 


547,456,311 


33.210.874 


X 


1,618.594.122 


X 


445,487 


34,407,812 


2,234,114,606 


1995: 




















6,708 

724,692 

635.665.582 


271 

13.307 

53.525.115 


X 
X 
X 


924 

84.719 

2.185,618.425 


X 
X 
X 


134 
250,970 
228,979 


369 

X 

35,632,299 


8,406 


Amount seized 


X 


Estimated value of seizures (dollars) 


2.910,670,400 



NOTE: Corrections to this table may have changed data when compared to previous Yearbooks. Starting in 1990, the reporting of opium seizures is combined with 
heroin, and hashish is combined with marijuana. X Not applicable. 



176 



TABLE 73. PRINCIPAL ACTIVITIES AND ACCOMPLISHMENTS OF THE BORDER PATROL 

FISCAL YEARS 1989-95 



Activities and 
accomplishments 


1989 


1990 


1991 


1992 


1993 


1994 


1995 




906,535 

891,147 
830,985 

2,592 

5,686 

727,400 

5,297 

54,865 

13,794 

50,638 
10,789 

1,212,724,491 

1,191,505,131 
21,219,360 


1,123,223 

1,103353 

1,054,849 

4,661 

7.544 

865,739 

5,746 

42,758 

21,901 

71.049 

17,275 

843,562,055 

797,768,179 
45.793,876 


1,152,667 

1,132,933 
1,095,122 

4.707 

8,095 

978,807 

6,666 

31,145 

18,826 

64,170 
14,261 

950,199,178 

910,146,141 

40,053,037 


1,221,904 

1,199,560 
1,168,946 

5,488 

7,165 

1,065,159 

6,167 

24,447 

17,237 

69,538 
11.391 

1,247,938,634 

1,216,833,993 
31,104,641 


1,281,721 

1,263,490 
1,230,124 

5,393 

7.403 

1,117.414 

5,249 

28,117 

15,266 

80,835 
10,995 

1,382,898,517 

1,337,766,371 
45,132.146 


1,046,576 

1,031,668 
999,890 

5,162 

8,068 

901.826 

3,400 

28,378 

14,143 

92,934 

9.134 

1,598,053,619 

1,555,731,987 
42,321,632 


1336,518 




1324,202 
1,293308 


Working in agriculture 

Working in trades, crafts, 

industry, and service 

Welfare/seeking employment 


4,487 

12,552 

1,185,761 

3,463 




27,231 


Smugglers of aliens located 

Aliens located who were 
smuggled into the United States 


12,796 

102,591 

9.327 


Value of seizures (dollars) 

Other 


733,049,906 

686,593,172 
46,456,734 



NOTE: Data on aliens previously expelled, aliens located with previous criminal records, conveyances examined, and persons questioned shown in previous 
Yearbooks are not available starting with fiscal year 1990. 



177 



TABLE 74. PROSECUTIONS, FINES, AND IMPRISONMENT FOR IMMIGRATION 

AND NATIONALITY VIOLATIONS 

FISCAL YEARS 1989-95 



Action taken 



1989 



1990 



1991 



1992 



1993 



Prosecutions: 
Total disposed of 

Convictions 

Acquittals 

Dismissals ' 

Prosecutions for immigration violations: 
Disposed of , 

Convictions 

Acquittals 

Dismissals ' 

Prosecution for nationality violations: 
Disposed of 

Convictions 

Acquittals 

Dismissals ' 

Aggregate fines and imprisonment: 
Fines (dollars) 

Immigration violations 

Nationality violations 

Imprisonment (years) 

Immigration violations 

Nationality violations 

1 Dismissed or otherwise closed. 
- Represents zero. 



18,580 

12,561 

105 

5,914 



17,992 

12,379 

105 

5,508 



588 

182 



1,830,594 

1,828,694 
1,900 

4,579 
4,558 

21 



20,079 

12,719 

50 

7,310 



19^51 

12.515 



728 
204 

2 
522 



2,935,664 

2,872,279 
63,385 

5,749 

5,642 
107 



18,882 

11,509 

80 

7,293 



18,297 
11,392 

77 
6,828 



585 

117 

3 

465 



2,622,659 

2,508,084 
114,575 

5,748 

5,610 

138 



14,655 

9,865 

57 

4,733 



14,138 

9,766 

57 
4,315 



517 
99 



1,673,488 

1,670,839 
2,649 

5,592 

5,550 

42 



19,650 

12,538 

251 
6,861 



18,958 

12,252 

169 

6,537 



2,774,183 

2,766,523 
7,660 

8,754 

8,660 

94 



15,348 

10,646 

91 

4,611 



14,842 

10.486 

81 

4,275 



506 

160 

10 

336 



101,690,918 

101,683,838 
7,080 

8,931 

8,895 
36 



TABLE 75. CONVICTIONS FOR IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY VIOLATIONS 
FISCAL YEARS 1989-95 



Violations 



All violations 

Immigration violations 

Entry of aliens illegally 

Reentries of deported aliens 

Bringing in, transporting, harboring, and 

inducing illegal entry of aliens 

Fraud, misuse of visas, entry permits, 

and other entry documents 

Fraud and false statements or entries 

Alien registration or alien address 

violations 

Producing, transferring, possessing, 

using, or selling false identification 

documents 

Conspire to defraud US 

Producing, processing, selling of a 

controlled substance 

Other violations 

Nationality violations 

False representation as citizens of US 

False statements and procurement of 

citizenship or naturalization unlawfully 
Reproduction and sale of citizenship 

and naturalization papers 

NA Not available 



12,561 

12379 

7,659 
381 

860 

228 
142 



370 
560 

NA 
2,106 

182 

156 

3 
23 



12325 

8,162 
444 



289 

83 



597 
615 

NA 
569 

204 

137 



11,509 

11392 

7,214 
547 

1,498 

318 
68 

93 

602 
252 

466 
334 

117 

69 

36 
12 



9,865 

9,766 

6,341 

477 

977 

306 
109 



497 
121 



498 
401 



12,538 

12,252 

7,184 
767 

1,010 

546 
578 



671 
221 

762 
499 

286 
221 

64 

1 



10,646 

10,486 

6,615 
803 

734 

427 
384 



599 

134 

556 

218 

160 

129 



178 



TABLE 76. WRITS OF HABEAS CORPUS, JUDICIAL REVIEW OF ORDERS OF DEPORTATION, AND 

DECLARATORY JUDGEMENTS IN EXCLUSION AND DEPORTATION CASES 

FISCAL YEARS 1989-95 



Action taken 



Writs of habeas corpus: 

Total disposed of 

Favorable to U.S. government 

Unfavorable to U.S. government 

Withdrawn or otherwise closed 

Total pending end of year 

Judicial review of orders of deportation 
(Section 106, INA): 

Total disposed of 

Favorable to U.S. government 

Unfavorable to U.S. government 

Withdrawn or otherwise closed 

Total pending end of year 

Declaratory judgements : 

Total disposed of 

Favorable to U.S. government 

Unfavorable to U.S. government 

Withdrawn or otherwise closed 

Involving claims of U.S. nationality (8 U.S.C. 1503) 

Favorable to U.S. government 

Unfavorable to U.S. government 

Withdrawn or otherwise closed 

Involving exclusion or deportation 

Favorable to U.S. government 

Unfavorable to U.S. government 

Withdrawn or otherwise closed 

- Represents zero. 



254 
213 



33 
125 



355 
174 
9 
172 
671 



305 

219 

11 

75 

17 

10 



288 

209 
11 



150 

122 
12 
16 

294 



264 

162 
29 
73 

709 



170 

123 

12 
35 

6 

4 



164 

119 

12 
33 



397 

363 

15 

19 

248 



392 

252 
35 
105 
593 



191 

141 
13 
37 



1 

3 

187 

141 
12 
34 



331 

278 
12 
41 

388 



608 

441 

57 

110 

708 



182 

137 
21 

24 

19 

17 
1 

1 

163 

120 

20 
23 



447 
405 

15 
27 
425 



807 
595 

97 
115 
766 



173 

137 
18 
18 

7 
6 



166 

131 
18 
17 



343 

301 
21 
21 

553 



685 

575 
58 

52 
837 



145 
129 

3 
13 

4 

3 



141 

126 
3 

12 



436 

353 

23 
60 
532 



823 
668 

101 

54 



158 

115 
19 
24 

10 

4 



148 

111 
17 
20 



174 



TABLE 77. PRIVATE IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY BILLS 
INTRODUCED AND LAWS ENACTED 
77TH THROUGH 104TH CONGRESS 



Congress 



Laws 
enacted 



104th Congress 

103rd Congress 

102nd Congress 

101st Congress 

1 00th Congress 

99th Congress 

98th Congress 

97th Congress 

96th Congress 

95th Congress 

94th Congress 

93rd Congress 

92nd Congress 

91st Congress 

90th Congress 

89th Congress 

88th Congress 

87th Congress 

86th Congress 

85th Congress 

84th Congress 

83rd Congress 

82nd Congress 

81st Congress 

80th Congress 

79th Congress 

78th Congress 

77th Congress 

- Represents zero. 



4 
11 
7 

20 

15 

33 

42 

83 

138 

99 

63 

62 

113 

218 

279 

196 

544 

488 

927 

1,227 

753 

729 

505 

121 

14 

12 

22 



180 



VII. PUBLIC USE 
FILES 



Information on aliens granted permanent resident 
(immigrant) status may be purchased on magnetic tapes or 
cartridges from the National Technical Information Service 
(NTIS). These files, which contain information on 
immigrants admitted from fiscal years 1972-95, are on 11 
tapes, each generally covering a 3-year span. The 
variables included on the files are: 



♦ Port of entry 

♦ Month of admission 

♦ Year of admission 

♦ Class of admission 

♦ Age 

♦ Country of birth 

♦ Marital status 

♦ Sex 

♦ Nationality 

♦ Occupation 



♦ Country of 

chargeability 

♦ Country of last 

permanent residence 

♦ Nonimmigrant class of 

entry 

♦ Nonimmigrant year of 

entry 

♦ INS district of intended 

residence 

♦ State and Zip code of 

intended residence 



The tapes are formatted in EBCDIC or ASCII character set 
and are available in 9-track 1,600 bpi or 6,250 bpi. 
Additionally, data are available upon request on IBM 3480 
cartridges. Documentation is included for each year and 
may be sold separately. 

The Statistical Yearbook may also be purchased from 
NTIS in paper copy or microfiche form beginning with 
fiscal year 1965. Prior to 1978, INS statistical data were 
included in the Annual Report of the Immigration and 
Naturalization Service. Those reports contain descriptions 
of INS' activities and accomplishments in addition to the 
statistical tables. 

To order the Yearbook or the Public Use Files, call NTIS at 
(703) 487-4650; FAX: (703) 321-8547. 



VIII. DATA GAPS 



The text and table on the estimated number of aliens and 
citizens admitted by state and port of entry are omitted 
from this edition of the Statistical Yearbook. The largest 
component of the admissions is the number of persons who 
enter at land border ports. Information developed from 
survey data indicates that the estimation procedures used 
during the past few years at some land ports have resulted 
in an overstatement of the total number of entries into the 
United States. The methodology used to derive estimates 
of the number of passengers per vehicle and the proportion 
of aliens and U.S. citizens is being evaluated and revised. 
Publication of this data series is expected to resume in 
future years. 

Although a considerable amount of detailed information is 
available about immigrants, temporary visitors, and other 
categories of international migrants to the United States, 
significant gaps remain in our knowledge about immigration 
to the United States. In some areas these deficiencies 
persist because of the inherent difficulty in estimating the 
numbers, as is the case for emigration and illegal 
immigration. As a result, no information about these two 
categories is included in the Statistical Yearbook tables. 

Emigration 

The collection of statistics on emigration from the United 
States was discontinued in 1957; no direct measure of 
emigration has been available since then. Estimates 
compiled in this country and statistics collected in other 
countries indicate that emigration from the United States 
has increased steadily since the 1950s, exceeding 100,000 
per year since 1970. These figures are consistent with U.S. 
historical experience; between 1900 and 1990, 
approximately 38 million immigrants were admitted, and 
an estimated 12 million foreign-born persons emigrated. ' 
That is, for every 100 immigrants admitted, roughly 30 
returned home (see Table O). 

The U.S. Bureau of the Census currently uses an annual 
emigration figure of 222,000, which includes both citizens 
and aliens, for computing national population estimates. 
Statistics (shown below) on U.S. residents migrating to 
other countries published by the United Nations and the 



Warren. Robert and Ellen Percy Kraly, 1985. The Elusive Exodus: 
Emigration from the United Slates, Population Trends and Public Policy 
Occasional Paper No. 8, March, Population Reference Bureau 
Washington, DC. 



181 



Table O 
I mmigration and Emigration by Decade: 1901-90 

Immigrants Emigrants Net Ratio: 

Period to the U.S. from the U.S. Immigration Emigration/ 

(Thousands) (Thousands) (Thousands) Immigration 

Total, 1901-90 37,869 11,882 25,987 .31 

1981-90 7,338 1,600 5,738 .22 

1971-80 4,493 1,176 3,317 .26 

1961-70 3,322 900 2,422 .27 

1951-60 2,515 425 2,090 .17 

1941-50 1,035 281 754 .27 

1931-40 528 649 -121 1.23 

1921-30 4,107 1,685 2,422 .41 

1911-20 5,736 2,157 3,579 .38 

1901-10 8,795 3,008 5,787 .34 

Source: 1992 Statistical Yearbook, Table 1; Warren, Robert and Ellen Percy Kraly, 1985, The Elusive Exodus: Emigration from the United 
States, Population Trends and Public Policy Occasional Paper No. 8, March, Population Reference Bureau: Washington, D.C. 



Economic Commission for Europe indicate that 
emigration from the United States could be substantially 
above 200,000 annually. 

Accurate, detailed, and timely estimates of emigration are 
needed to develop and evaluate U.S. immigration policy, 
to derive accurate national and local population estimates 
(including estimates of illegal immigration), and to 
measure coverage of the decennial censuses. The sketchy 
data that are available indicate that emigration is a large 
and growing component of U.S. population change. 
However, partly because of inherent methodological 
difficulties, data on emigration from the United States are 
not being collected. 

Emigration from the United States to 

Top Ten Countries of Destination: 

Selected Years, 1980s 

All countries 241,000 

1. Mexico 55,000 

2. United Kingdom 31,000 

3. Germany 29,000 

4. Canada 20,000 

5. Japan 19,000 

6. Philippines 19,000 

7. Guatemala 13,000 

8. Indonesia 9,000 

9. Australia 8,000 

10. Italy 4,000 

Source: 1989 U.N. Demographic Yearbook, Table 28; Economic 
Commission for Europe, CES/710/Corr. 

182 



Illegal Immigrants 2 

Background 

In 1994 the INS released detailed estimates of the 
undocumented immigrant population residing in the 
United States as of October 1992. ' Those estimates were 
useful for a variety of purposes, including planning and 
policy development at the national and state level, 
evaluating the effects of proposed legislation, and 
assessing the fiscal impacts of undocumented 
immigration. 

Over the past 2 years, the INS has revised those estimates 
and updated them to October 1996. The estimates 
presented here incorporate new data on the foreign-born 
population collected by the Census Bureau, improvements 
in the methodology recommended by the Government 
Accounting Office (GAO), suggestions provided by 
outside reviewers, and further analyses of INS' data 
sources and estimation procedures. Revised and updated 
estimates of the undocumented population have been 
computed for each state of residence and for nearly 100 
countries of origin. 



" These estimates were updated during and after fiscal year 1995. and 
they became available just before this Yearbook went to print They are 
included in this Yearbook as a convenience to the reader 

Warren, Robert, 1994, Estimates of the Unauthorized Immigrant 
Population Residing in the United States, by Country of Origin and Slate 
of Residence: October 1992. Unpublished paper, US. Immigration and 
Naturalization Service. 



Table P 

Estimated Illegal Immigrant Population for Top Twenty Countries of 

Origin and Top Twenty States of Residence: October 1996 



Country of origin 



Population 



State of residence 



Population 



All countries 5,000,000 

1. Mexico 2,700,000 

2. El Salvador 335,000 

3. Guatemala 165,000 

4. Canada 120,000 

5. Haiti 105,000 

6. Philippines 95,000 

7. Honduras 90,000 

8. Poland 70,000 

9.Nicaragua 70,000 

10. Bahamas 70,000 

11. Colombia 65,000 

12. Ecuador 55,000 

13. Dominican Republic 50,000 

14. Trinidad & Tobago 50,000 

15. Jamaica 50,000 

16. Pakistan 41,000 

17. India 33,000 

18. Dominica 32,000 

19. Peru 30,000 

20. Korea 30,000 

Other 744,000 



All states 5,000,000 

1. California 2,000,000 

2. Texas 700,000 

3. New York 540,000 

4. Florida 350,000 

5. Illinois 290,000 

6.New Jersey 135,000 

7. Arizona 115,000 

8. Massachusetts 85,000 

9. Virginia 55,000 

10. Washington 52,000 

11. Colorado 45,000 

12. Maryland 44,000 

13. Michigan 37,000 

M.Pennsylvania 37,000 

15. New Mexico 37,000 

16. Oregon 33,000 

17. Georgia 32,000 

18. District of Columbia 30,000 

19. Connecticut 29,000 

20. Nevada 24,000 

Other 330,000 



Methodology 

The estimates were constructed by combining detailed 
statistics, by year of entry, for each component of change 
that contributes to the undocumented immigrant 
population residing in the United States. For most 
countries of the world, the typical way of entering the 
undocumented population in the United States is to arrive 
as a nonimmigrant and stay beyond the specified period 
of admission. This segment of the population, referred to 
here as "nonimmigrant overstays", constitutes roughly 40 
percent of the undocumented immigrant population 
residing in the United States. The rest of the population, 
more widely publicized, enter surreptitiously across land 
borders, usually between official ports of entry. This part 
of the population, often referred to as EWIs (entry 
without inspection), includes persons from nearly every 
country, but a large majority of them are from Mexico; 
most of the rest are natives of Central American 
countries. 



Primary Sets of Data 

The figures presented here were constructed from five 
primary sets of data. Each set of data was compiled 
separately for 99 countries and each continent of origin. 

1) Entered before 1 982— estimates (as of October 1988) 
of the undocumented immigrant population who 
established residence in the United States before 1982 and 
did not legalize under the Immigration Reform and 
Control Act (IRCA) of 1986. The assumption used to 
estimate this part of the population is based on estimates 
developed by the Census Bureau using data from the June 
1988 Current Population Survey (CPS). 

2) Net overstays — estimates for 1982 to 1996 of the net 
number of nonimmigrant overstays, for 99 countries of 
origin, derived from INS data bases. Estimates were 
derived by: a) matching INS 1-94 arrival/departure 
records; b) adjusting for the incomplete collection ol 
departure forms; and c) subtracting the number oi 

183 



nonimmigrant overstays who subsequently either departed 
or adjusted to legal resident status. 

3) Net EWIs — estimates of the number from each country 
who entered without inspection (EWI) and established 
residence here between 1982 and 1996. A very large 
majority of all EWIs are from Mexico. Average annual 
estimates of Mexican EWIs were derived by: a) adjusting 
the CPS count of the Mexican-born population for 
underenumeration; b) subtracting the estimated legally 
resident population counted in the CPS; and c) subtracting 
the estimated number of net overstays. 

4) Mortality — estimates of the annual number of deaths to 
the resident undocumented immigrant population. The 
estimates were derived using an annual crude death rate of 
3.9 per 1,000, which was computed using a modified age 
distribution of IRCA applicants and age-specific death 
rates of the foreign-born population. 

5) Emigration — estimates of the number of undocumented 
immigrants who resided here at the beginning of a period 
(either October 1988 or October 1992), and who emigrated 
from the United States in the following 4-year period. 
Estimates of emigration are based on statistics published 
by the Census Bureau in Technical Paper No. 9. 

Construction of the Estimates 

Estimates of the undocumented immigrant population 
were derived for October 1988, October 1992, and 
October 1996 for 99 individual countries and for each 
continent of origin. The calculations were carried out 
separately for overstays and EWIs. 

Estimates by State of Residence 

In the earlier estimates for October 1992, the state 
distribution of the undocumented population was based on 
the U.S. residence pattern of each country's applicants for 
legalization under IRCA; the results were summed to 
obtain state totals. This assumed that, for each country of 
origin, undocumented immigrants who resided in the 
United States in October 1992 had the same U.S. residence 
pattern as IRCA applicants from that country. The revised 
and updated estimates presented here incorporate the same 
assumption for the October 1988 undocumented 
population. However, it was necessary to develop new 
methods of deriving state estimates for October 1992 and 
1996 that would reflect more recent patterns of geographic 
settlement. 

As noted, the estimates of the undocumented population 
were constructed separately for overstays and EWIs. This 
permitted the distribution of the overstay and EWI 
populations to states using data most appropriate for the 
type of population. For overstays, the cohorts that arrived 



in the 1988-92 and 1992-96 periods were distributed to 
state of residence based on annual estimates of overstays 
by state of destination for 1986 to 1989. For EWIs who 
entered during these periods, the totals were distributed to 
state of residence using INS statistics for the early 1990s 
on the destination of the beneficiaries of aliens who 
legalized under IRCA. 

Limitations 

Estimating the size of a hidden population is inherently 
difficult. Overall, the figures presented here generally 
reflect the size, origin, and geographic distribution of the 
undocumented immigrant population residing in the 
United States during the mid-1990s. The estimates 
probably reduce the range of error for the total population 
to a few hundred thousand rather than a few million, which 
was the error range during the late 1970s and into the 
1980s. The estimates for most countries should be fairly 
precise because they were constructed primarily from data 
on nonimmigrant arrivals, departures, and adjustments of 
status that have relatively small margins of error. 

Although the estimates are based on the most reliable 
information available, they clearly have limitations. For 
example, the estimates make no allowance for students or 
other long-term nonimmigrants, and the estimates for some 
countries could be underestimated because of special 
circumstances (e.g., Dominicans entering illegally via 
Puerto Rico; ships arriving undetected from China). 

The figures for some countries overstate the actual 
undocumented population. In general, the net 
nonimmigrant overstay figures are more likely to be 
overestimates than underestimates because the collection 
of departure forms for long-term overstays who depart 
probably is less complete than for those who depart within 
the first year. 

The estimates include a large number of persons who have 
not been admitted for lawful permanent residence but are 
permitted to remain in the United States pending the 
determination of their status or until conditions improve in 
their country of origin. This category includes many of the 
undocumented immigrants from El Salvador, aliens from 
other countries in a status referred to as "deferred enforced 
departure", and IRCA applicants whose cases have not 
been finally resolved. 

In a few cases, the estimates appear to be too high, but we 
have no basis for making downward adjustments. For 
example, the estimates for the Bahamas appear to be much 
too large because they imply that a relatively large 
proportion of the population is residing illegally in the 
United States, whereas large-scale undocumented 



immigration from the Bahamas has not been observed 
previously. In addition, undocumented immigration from 
Dominica is considerably higher than would be expected 
based on the number of IRCA applicants from Dominica. 
This overstatement could have occurred because of 
processing problems with 1-94 arrival/departure 
documents, with the result that overstays from Dominica 
are overestimated and those from the Dominican Republic 
underestimated. 

The number of EWIs is the most difficult component to 
estimate with precision, and errors in this component have 
the largest effect on the estimated undocumented 
population from Mexico. In particular, the shortage of 
information about two components — emigration of legally 
resident immigrants and undercount in the CPS — makes it 
difficult to derive acceptable residual estimates of the 
number of undocumented immigrants counted in the CPS. 

The estimates presented here are based on the most 
extensive array of figures ever compiled for the purpose; 
nevertheless, they should be used with caution because of 
the inherent limitations in the data available for estimating 
the undocumented immigrant population. This uncertainty 
was addressed by using alternative assumptions to produce 
"high" and "low" population estimates for October 1996. 
In the following discussion of the estimates, the mid-range 
population figures are used for simplicity of presentation. 

Results 

National Estimates 

The total number of undocumented immigrants residing in 
the United States in October 1996 is estimated to be 5.0 
million (Table P), with a range of about 4.6 to 5.4 million. 
The estimate for October 1996 is about 1.1 million higher 
than the revised estimate of 3.9 million for October 1992; 
this implies that the population grew by about 275,000 
annually during the 1992-96 period, about the same as the 
annual growth of 281,000 estimated for the previous 
period. The original INS estimates for October 1992 and 
October 1988, released in 1994, showed average annual 
growth of 300,000. 

The undocumented population grows at varying levels 
from year to year, but the data available to make these 
estimates do not permit the derivation of annual figures to 
measure year-to-year changes. However, the similar 
levels of growth for the 1988-92 and 1992-96 periods, 
281,000 and 275,000, respectively, suggest that the overall 
level of growth has been fairly constant over the past 
decade. This also indicates that the rate of growth of the 
undocumented resident population has declined since 
1988. 



State of Residence 

The estimates for states reflect the well-established pattern 
of geographic concentration of undocumented immigrants 
in the United States. As expected, California was the 
leading state of residence, with 2.0 million, or 40 percent, 
of the total number of undocumented residents in October 
1996. Seven states — California (2.0 million), Texas 
(700,000), New York (540,000), Florida (350,000), Illinois 
(290,000), New Jersey (135,000), and Arizona (115,000) — 
accounted for 83 percent of the population in October 1 996 
(Table P). 

The estimated undocumented population of California has 
grown by an average of about 100,000 annually since the 
end of the IRCA legalization program in 1988. More than 
83 percent of total growth of the undocumented population 
since 1988 has occurred in the top seven states. With the 
exception of Massachusetts (6,000), none of the remaining 
43 states grew by more than 3,000 undocumented residents 
annually. In 27 states, the undocumented population grew 
by an average of 1 ,000 or less each year. 

Country of Origin 

Mexico is the leading source country of undocumented 
immigration to the United States. In October 1996 an 
estimated 2.7 million undocumented immigrants from 
Mexico had established residence here (Table P). Mexican 
undocumented immigrants constituted about 54 percent of 
the total undocumented population. The estimated 
population from Mexico increased by just over 150,000 
annually in both the 1988-92 and 1992-96 periods. 

The estimated number of Mexican undocumented 
immigrants who arrived between 1990 and 1996 is based 
on data on country of birth and year of immigration 
collected by the Census Bureau in the March 1994, 1995, 
and 1996 Current Population Surveys (CPS). Demographic 
analysis of the CPS data indicates that approximately 
230,000 undocumented Mexican immigrants established 
residence annually between 1990 and 1996. This is the net 
annual addition of undocumented Mexicans who arrived 
during the period. Note, however, that it does not reflect 
the average annual growth of the Mexican undocumented 
population. To compute average annual growth it is 
necessary to subtract the number of undocumented 
Mexicans who lived here in January 1990 and who 
emigrated, died, or adjusted to legal permanent resident 
status during the 1990-96 period. This last step produces 
the estimate cited above of just over 150,000 annual growth 
of the Mexican undocumented population since 1988. 

In October 1996, 15 countries were each the source of 
50,000 or more undocumented immigrants (Table P). 
The top five countries are geographically close to the 



185 



United states — Mexico, El Salvador, Guatemala, 
Canada, and Haiti. Of the top 15 countries, only the 
Philippines and Poland are outside the Western 
Hemisphere. The estimated undocumented population 
from Poland has declined by more than 25 percent, from 
95,000 to 70,000, since 1988, possibly reflecting 
changed conditions in that country over the last several 
years. 

Although undocumented immigrants come to the United 
States from all countries the world, relatively few 
countries add substantially to the population. The annual 
growth of the undocumented population can be grouped 
into four disparate categories: 1) Mexico, with more than 
half of the annual growth, adds just over 150,000 
undocumented residents each year; 2) six countries — El 
Salvador, Guatemala, Canada, Haiti, Honduras, and the 
Bahamas — each add between 6,000 and 12,000 annually; 
3) thirteen countries each add about 2,000 to 4,000 
annually; and 4) the remaining approximately 200 other 
countries add a total of about 30,000 undocumented 
residents each year (Table P). A large majority of the 
additions each year, more than 80 percent, are from 
countries in the Western Hemisphere. 

Summary 

About 5.0 million undocumented immigrants were 
residing in the United States in October 1996, with a range 
of about 4.6 to 5.4 million. The population was estimated 
to be growing by about 275,000 each year, which is about 
25,000 lower than the annual level of growth estimated by 
the INS in 1994. 



California is the leading state of residence, with 2.0 million, 
or 40 percent of the undocumented population. The 7 states 
with the largest estimated numbers of undocumented 
immigrants— California (2.0 million), Texas (700,000), 
New York (540,000), Florida (350,000), Illinois (290,000), 
New Jersey (135,000), and Arizona (115,000) — accounted 
for 83 percent of the total population in October 1996. 

The 5.0 million undocumented immigrants made up about 
1.9 percent of the total U.S. population, with the highest 
percentages in California, the District of Columbia, and 
Texas. In the majority of states, undocumented residents 
comprise less than 1 percent of the population. 

Mexico is the leading country of origin, with 2.7 million, 
or 54 percent, of the population. The Mexican 
undocumented population has grown at an average annual 
level of just over 150,000 since 1988. The 15 countries 
with 50,000 or more undocumented immigrants in 1996 
accounted for 82 percent of the total population. The 
large majority, over 80 percent, of all undocumented 
immigrants are from countries in the Western 
Hemisphere. 

About 2.1 million, or 41 percent, of the total undocumented 
population in 1996 are nonimmigrant overstays. That is, 
they entered legally on a temporary basis and failed to 
depart. The proportion of the undocumented population 
who are overstays varies considerably by country of origin. 
About 16 percent of the Mexican undocumented population 
are nonimmigrant overstays, compared to 26 percent of 
those from Central America, and 91 percent from all other 
countries. 



186 



Appendixes 



Immigration and Naturalization Legislation 
Immigration Limits: Fiscal Year 1995 

Glossary 

Data Sources 

Table Genealogy 



THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK 



PPENDLX 1 



Immigration and Naturalization Legislation 



The following compilation of federal immigration and naturalization statutes in the United States provides 
an overview of the legislative history of immigration to the United States. It is not exhaustive either for the 
number of bills enacted or for the specific points of law within each bill. This review of the federal legislative 
process fosters a general understanding of the major issues as they developed in the area of immigration and 
naturalization in the United States. The dates of enactment and Statutes-at-Large reference numbers are 
presented in chronological order; they provide a basis for further inquiry for more detailed information. 



Act 



Major Features 



Act of March 26, 1790 

(7 Statutes-at-Large 103) 



The first federal activity in an area previously under the control of the individual 
states, this act established a uniform rule for naturalization by setting the residence 
requirement at two years. 



Act of January 29, 1795 

(/ Statutes-at-Large 414) 



Repealed the 1790 act, raised the residence requirement to five years and required a 
declaration of intention to seek citizenship at least three years before naturalization 



Naturalization Act of June 18, 1798 

(/ Statutes-at-Large 566) 



Provisions: 

a. Clerks of court must furnish information about each record of naturalization 
to the Secretary of State. 

b. Registry of each alien residing in the United States at that time, as well as 
those arriving thereafter. 

c. Raised the residence requirement for naturalization to fourteen years. 



Aliens Act of June 25, 1798 

(/ Statutes-at-Large 570) 



Represented the first Federal law pertinent to immigration rather than 
naturalization. Provisions: 

a. Authorized the President to arrest and/or deport any alien whom he deemed 
dangerous to the United States. 

b. Required the captain of any vessel to report the arrival of aliens on board 
such vessel to the Collector, or other chief officer, of the Customs of the Port. 

This law expired two years after its enactment. 



Alien Enemy Act of July 6, 1798 

(/ Statutesat-Large 577) 



Provided that in the case of declared war or invasion the President shall have the 
power to restrain or remove alien enemy males of fourteen years and upwards, but 
with due protection of their property rights as stipulated by treaty. 



6. Naturalization Act of April 14, 1802 

(2 Statutes-at-Large 153) 



Provisions: 

a. Reduced the residence period for naturalization from fourteen to five years. 

b. Established basic requirements for naturalization, including good moral 
character, allegiance to the Constitution, a formal declaration of intention, and 
witnesses. 



All 



.PPENDIX 1 



Immigration and Naturalization Legislation 



7. Steerage Act of March 2, 1819 

(3 Statutes-at-Large 488) 



First significant Federal law relating to immigration. Provisions: 

a. Established the continuing reporting of immigration to the United States by 
requiring that passenger lists or manifests of all arriving vessels be delivered to the 
local Collector of Customs, copies transmitted to the Secretary of State, and the 
information reported to Congress. 

b. Set specific sustenance rules for passengers of ships leaving U.S. ports for Europe. 

c. Somewhat restricted the number of passengers on all vessels either coming to 
or leaving the United States. 



Act of May 26, 1824 

(4 Statutes-at-Large 36) 



Facilitated the naturalization of certain aliens who had entered the United States as 
minors, by setting a two-year instead of a three-year interval between declaration of 
intention and admission to citizenship. 



Act of February 22, 1847 

(9 Statutes-at-Large 127) 



"Passenger Acts," provided specific regulations to safeguard passengers on 
merchant vessels. Subsequently amended by the Act of March 2, 1847 expanding 
the allowance of passenger space. 



1 0. Passenger Act of March 3, 1855 

(10 Statutes-at-Large 715) 



Provisions: 

a. Repealed the Passenger Acts (see the 1 847 act) and combined their provisions 
in a codified form. 

b. Reaffirmed the duty of the captain of any vessel to report the arrival of alien 
passengers. 

c. Established separate reporting to the Secretary of Stale distinguishing 
permanent and temporary immigration. 



Act of February 19, 1862 

(12 Statutes-at-Large 340) 



Prohibited the transportation of Chinese "coolies" on American vessels 



Act of July 4, 1864 

(13 Statutes-at-Large 385) 



First Congressional attempt to centralize control of immigration. Provisions: 

a. A Commissioner of Immigration was appointed by the President to serve 
under the authority of the Secretary of State. 

b. Authorized immigrant labor contracts whereby would-be immigrants would 
pledge their wages to pay for transportation. 

On March 30, 1868, the Act of July 4, 1864 was repealed. 



1 3. Naturalization Act of July 14, 1870 

(16 Statutes-at-Large 254) 



Provisions: 

a. Established a system of controls on the naturalization process and penalties 
for fraudulent practices. 

h. Extended the naturalization laws to aliens of African nativity and to persons 
ol African descent. 



Act of March 3, 1875 

l IS Statutes-at-Large 477) 



Established the policy of direct federal regulation of immigration by prohibiting for 
the first time entry to undesirable immigrants. 
Provisions. 
,i Excluded criminals and prostitutes from admission. 

b. Prohibited Ihe bringing of any Oriental persons without their free and 
voluntary consent; declared the contracting to supply "coolie" labor a felony. 

c. Entrusted the inspection of immigrants to collectors of the ports. 



PPENDIX 1 



Immigration and Naturalization Legislation 



15. Chinese Exclusion Act of May 6, 1882 

(22 Statutes-at-Large 58) 



Provisions: 

a. Suspended immigration of Chinese laborers to the United States for ten years. 

b. Permitted Chinese laborers already in the United States to remain in the 
country after a temporary absence. 

c. Provided for deportation of Chinese illegally in the United States. 

d. Barred Chinese from naturalization. 

e. Permitted the entry of Chinese students, teachers, merchants, or those 
"proceeding to the United States ... from curiosity." 

On December 17, 1943, the Chinese exclusion laws were repealed. 



16. Immigration Act of August 3, 1882 

(22 Statutes-at-Large 214) 



First general immigration law, established a system of central control of 
immigration through State Boards under the Secretary of the Treasury. Provisions: 

a. Broadened restrictions on immigration by adding to the classes of 
inadmissible aliens, including persons likely to become a public charge. 

b. Introduced a tax of 50 cents on each passenger brought to the United States. 



17. 



Act of February 26, 1885 

(23 Statutes-at-Large 332) 



The first "Contract Labor Law," made it unlawful to import aliens into the United 
States under contract for the performance of labor or services of any kind. 
Exceptions were for aliens temporarily in the United States engaging other 
foreigners as secretaries, servants, or domestics; actors, artists, lecturers, and 
domestic servants; and skilled aliens working in an industry not yet established in 
the United States. 



Act of February 23, 1887 

(24 Statutes-at-Large 414) 



Amended the Contract Labor Law to rendei n enforceable by charging the Secretary 
of the Treasury with enforcement of the act and providing that prohibited persons be 
sent back on arrival. 



19. 



Act of March 3, 1887 

(24 Statutes-at-Large 476) 



Restricted the ownership of real estate in the United States to American citizens and 
those who have lawfully declared their intentions to become citizens, with certain 
specific exceptions. 



20. 



Act of October 19, 1888 

(25 Statutes-at-Large 566) 



First measure since the Aliens Act of 1798 to provide for expulsion of aliens — directed 
the return within one year after entry of any immigrant who had landed in violation of 
the contract labor laws (see acts of February 26, 1885 and February 23, 1887). 



21. Immigration Act of March 3, 1891 

(26 Statutes-at-Large 1084) 



The first comprehensive law for national control of immigration. Provisions: 

a. Established the Bureau of Immigration under the Treasury Department to 
administer all immigration laws (except the Chinese Exclusion Act). 

b. Further restricted immigration by adding to the inadmissible classes persons 
likely to become public charges, persons suffering from certain contagious disease, 
felons, persons convicted of other crimes or misdemeanors, polygamists, aliens 
assisted by others by payment of passage, and forbade the encouragement of 
immigration by means of advertisement. 

c. Allowed the Secretary of the Treasury to piescribe rules for inspection along 
the borders of Canada, British Columbia, and Mexico so as not to obstruct or 
unnecessarily delay, impede, or annoy passengers in ordinary travel between these 
countries and the United States. 

d. Directed the deportation of any alien who entered the United States unlawfully. 



A.l-3 



Appendix i 



Immigration and Naturalization Legislation 



22. 



Act of March 3, 1893 

(27 Statutes-at-Large 570) 



Provisions: 

a. Added to the reporting requirements regarding alien arrivals to the United 
States such new information as occupation, marital status, ability to read or write, 
amount of money in possession, and facts regarding physical and mental health. 
This information was needed to determine admissibility according to the expanding 
list of grounds for exclusion. 

b. Established boards of special inquiry to decide the admissibility of alien 
arrivals. 



23. 



Act of April 29, 1902 

(32 Statutes-at-Large 176) 



Extended the existing Chinese exclusion acts until such time as a new treaty with 
China was negotiated, and extended the application of the exclusion acts to insular 
territories of the United States, including the requirement of a certificate of 
residence, except in Hawaii. 



24. 



Act of February 14, 1903 

(32 Statutes-at-Large 825) 



Transferred the Bureau of Immigration to the newly-created Department of 
Commerce and Labor, and expanded the authority of the Commissioner-General of 
Immigration in the areas of rulemaking and enforcement of immigration laws. 



25. Immigration Act of March 3, 1903 

(32 Statutes-at-Large 1213) 



An extensive codification of existing immigration law. Provisions: 

a. Added to the list of inadmissible immigrants. 

b. First measure to provide for the exclusion of aliens on the grounds of 
proscribed opinions by excluding "anarchists, or persons who believe in, or 
advocate, the overthrow by force or violence the government of the United States, 
or of all government, or of all forms of law, or the assassination of public officials." 

c. Extended to three years after entry the period during which an alien who was 
inadmissible at the time of entry could be deported. 

d. Provided for the deportation of aliens who became public charges within two 
years after entry from causes existing prior to their landing. 

e. Reaffirmed the contract labor law (see the 1885 act). 



26. 



Act of April 27, 1904 

(33 Statutes-at-Large 428) 



Reaffirmed and made permanent the Chinese exclusion laws. In addition, clarified 
the territories from which Chinese were to be excluded. 



27. Naturalization Act of June 29, 1906 

(34 Statutes-at-Large 596) 



Provisions: 

a. Combined the immigration and naturalization functions of the federal 
government, changing the Bureau of Immigration to the Bureau of Immigration and 
Naturalization. 

b. Established fundamental procedural safeguards regarding naturalization, such 
as fixed fees and uniform naturalization forms. 

c. Made knowledge of the English language a requirement for naturalization. 



28. Immigration Act of February 20, 1907 

(34 Statutes-at-Large 898) 



A major codifying act that incorporated and consolidated earlier legislation: 

a. Required aliens to declare intention of permanent or temporary stay in the 
United States and officially classified arriving aliens as immigrants and 
nonimmigrants, respectively. 

b. Increased the head tax to $4.00 (established by the Act of August 3, 1882 and 
raised subsequently). 

c. Added to the excludable classes imbeciles, feeble-minded persons, persons 



A. 1-4 



Appendix i 



Immigration and Naturalization Legislation 



Immigration Act of February 20, 1907 — cont. 



with physical or mental defects which may affect their ability to earn a living, 
persons afflicted with tuberculosis, children unaccompanied by their parents, 
persons who admitted the commission of a crime involving moral turpitude, and 
women coming to the United States for immoral purposes. 

d. Exempted from the provisions of the contract labor law professional actors, 
artists, singers, ministers, professors, and domestic servants. 

e. Extended from two to three years after entry authority to deport an alien who 
had become a public charge from causes which existed before the alien's entry. 

f. Authorized the President to refuse admission to certain persons when he was 
satisfied that their immigration was detrimental to labor conditions in the United 
States. This was aimed mainly at Japanese laborers. 

g. Created a Joint Commission on Immigration to make an investigation of the 
immigration system in the United States. The findings of this Commission were the 
basis for the comprehensive Immigration Act of 1917. 

h. Reaffirmed the requirement for manifesting of aliens arriving by water and 
added a like requirement with regard to departing aliens. 



29. White Slave Traffic Act of 
June 25, 1910 

(36 Statutes-at-Large 825) 



The Mann Act, prohibited the importation or interstate transportation of women for 
immoral purposes. 



30. 



Act of March 4, 1913 

(37 Statutes-at-Large 737) 



Divided the Department of Commerce and Labor into separate departments and 
transferred the Bureau of Immigration and Naturalization to the Department of 
Labor. It further divided the Bureau of Immigration and Naturalization into a 
separate Bureau of Immigration and Bureau of Naturalization, each headed by its 
own Commissioner. 



3 1 . Immigration Act of February 5, 1917 

(39 Statutes-at-Large 874) 



Codified all previously enacted exclusion provisions. In addition: 

a. Excluded illiterate aliens from entry. 

b. Expanded the list of aliens excluded for mental health and other reasons. 

c. Further restricted the immigration of Asian persons, creating the "barred 
zone" (known as the Asia-Pacific triangle), natives of which were declared 
inadmissible. 

d. Considerably broadened the classes of aliens deportable from the United States 
and introduced the requirement of deportation without statute of limitation in certain 
more serious cases. 



32. 



Act of May 22, 1918 

(40 Statutes-at-Large 559) 



"Entry and Departure Controls Act," authorized the President to control the 
departure and entry in times of war or national emergency of any alien whose 
presence was deemed contrary to public safety. 



33. 



Quota Law of May 19, 1921 

(42 Statutes-at-Large 5) 



The first quantitative immigration law. Provisions: 

a. Limited the number of aliens of any nationality entering the United States to 
three percent of the foreign-bom persons of that nationality who lived in the United 
States in 1910. Approximately 350,000 such aliens were permitted to enter each 
year as quota immigrants, mostly from Northern and Western Europe. 

b. Exempted from this limitation aliens who had resided continuously for at least 
one year immediately preceding their application in one of the independent 
countries of the Western Hemisphere; nonimmigrant aliens such as government 
officials and their households, aliens in transit through the United States, and 



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Immigration and Naturalization Legislation 



Quota Law of May 19, 1921 — cont. 



temporary visitors for business and pleasure; and aliens whose immigration is 
regulated by immigration treaty. 

c. Actors, artists, lecturers, singers, nurses, ministers, professors, aliens belonging 
to any recognized learned profession, and aliens employed as domestic servants 
were placed on a nonquota basis. 



34. 



Act of May 11, 1922 

(42 Statutes-al-Large 540) 



Extended the Act of May 19, 1921 for two years, with amendments: 

a. Changed from one year to five-years the residency requirement in a Western 
Hemisphere country. 

b. Authorized fines of transportation companies for transporting an inadmissible 
alien unless it was deemed that inadmissibility was not known to the company and 
could not have been discovered with reasonable diligence. 



35, 



Immigration Act of May 26, 1924 

(43 Statutes-at-Large 153) 



The first permanent limitation on immigration, established the "national origins 
quota system." In conjunction with the Immigration Act of 1917, governed 
American immigration policy until 1952 (see the Immigration and Nationality Act 
of 1952). 
Provisions: 

a. Contained two quota provisions: 

1 . In effect until June 30, 1 927 — set the annual quota of any quota 
nationality at two percent of the number of foreign-born 
persons of such nationality resident in the continental United States in 
1890 (total quota- 164,667). 

2. From July 1, 1927 (later postponed to July 1, 1929) to December 31, 
1952 — used the national origins quota system: the annual quota for 
any country or nationality had the same relation to 150,000 as the 
number of inhabitants in the continental United States in 1920 having 
that national origin had to the total number of inhabitants in the 
continental United States in 1920. 

Preference quota status was established for: unmarried children under 21; 
parents; spouses of U.S. citizens aged 21 and over; and for quota immigrants aged 
21 and over who are skilled in agriculture, together with their wives and dependent 
children under age 16. 

b. Nonquota status was accorded to: wives and unmarried children under 18 of U.S. 
citizens; natives of Western Hemisphere countries, with their families; nonimmigrants; 
and certain others. Subsequent amendments eliminated certain elements of this law's 
inherent discrimination against women but comprehensive elimination was not achieved 
until 1952 (see the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952). 

c. Established the "consular control system" of immigration by mandating that no 
alien may be permitted entrance to the United States without an unexpired 
immigration visa issued by an American consular officer abroad. Thus, the State 
Department and the Immigration and Naturalization Service shared control of 
immigration. 

d. Introduced the provision that, as a rule, no alien ineligible to become a citizen 
shall be admitted to the United States as an immigrant. This was aimed primarily at 
Japanese aliens. 

e. Imposed fines on transportation companies who landed aliens in violation of 
U.S. Immigration laws. 

f. Defined the term "immigrant" and designated all other alien entries into the 
United States as "nonimmigrant" (temporary visitor). Established classes of 
admission for nonimmigrant entries. 



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.PPENDIX 1 



Immigration and Naturalization Legislation 



36. Act of May 28, 1924 

(43 Statutes-at-Large 240) 

37. Act of March 31, 1928 

(45 Statutes-at-Large 400) 



An appropriations law, provided for the establishment of the U.S. Border Patrol. 



Provided more time to work out computation of the quotas established by the 
Immigration Act of 1924 by postponing introduction of the quotas until July 1, 
1929. 



38. 



Act of April 2, 1928 

(45 Statutes-at-Large 401) 



Provided that the Immigration Act of 1924 was not to be construed to limit the right 
of American Indians to cross the border, but with the proviso that the right does not 
extend to members of Indian tribes by adoption. 



39. 



Registry Act of March 2, 1929 

(45 Statutes-at-Large 1512) 



Amended existing immigration law authorizing the establishment of a record of 
lawful admission for certain aliens not ineligible for citizenship when no record of 
admission for permanent residence could be found and the alien could prove 
entrance to the United States before July 1, 1924 (subsequently amended to June 3, 
1921 by the Act of August 7, 1939—53 Statutes-at-Large 1243). Later incorporated 
into the Alien Registration Act of 1940. 



40. 



Act of March 4, 1929 

(45 Statutes-at-Large 1551) 



Provisions: 

a. Added two deportable classes, consisting of aliens convicted of carrying any 
weapon or bomb and sentenced to any term of six months or more, and aliens 
convicted of violation of the prohibition law for which a sentence of one year or 
more is received. 

b. Made reentry of a previously deported alien a felony punishable by fine or 
imprisonment or both. 

c. Made entry by an alien at other than at a designated place or by fraud to be a 
misdemeanor punishable by fine or imprisonment or both. 

d. Deferred the deportation of an alien sentenced to imprisonment until the 
termination of the imprisonment. 



41. 



Act of February 18, 1931 

(46 Statutes-at-Large 1171) 



Provided for the deportation of any alien convicted of violation of U.S. laws 
concerning the importation, exportation, manufacture, or sale of heroin, opium, or 
coca leaves. 



42. 



Act of March 17, 1932 

(47 Statutes-at-Large 67) 



Provisions: 

a. The contract labor laws were applicable to alien instrumental musicians 
whether coming for permanent residence or temporarily. 

b. Such aliens shall not be considered artists or professional actors under 
the terms of the Immigration Act of 1917, and thereby exempt from the 
contract labor laws, unless they are recognized to be of distinguished ability 
and are coming to fulfill professional engagements corresponding to such 
ability. 

c. If the alien qualifies for exemption under the above proviso, the Secretary of 
Labor later may prescribe such conditions, including bonding, as will insure the 
alien's departure at the end of his engagement. 



43. 



Act of May 2, 1932 

(47 Statutes-at-Large 145) 



Amended the Immigration Act of 1917, doubling the allocation for enforcement of 
the contract labor laws. 



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.PPENDIX 1 



Immigration and Naturalization Legislation 



Act of July 1,1932 

(47 Statutes-at-Large 524) 



Amended the Immigration Act of 1924, providing that the specified classes of 
nonimmigrant aliens be admitted for a prescribed period of time and under such 
conditions, including bonding where deemed necessary, as would ensure departure 
at the expiration of the prescribed time or upon failure to maintain the status under 
which admitted. 



45. 



Act of July 11, 1932 

(47 Statutes-at-Large 656) 



Provided exemption from quota limits (i.e., give nonquota status) the husbands of 
American citizens, provided that the marriage occurred prior to issuance of the visa 
and prior to July 1, 1932. Wives of citizens were accorded nonquota status 
regardless of the time of marriage. 



46. 



Act of June IS, 1935 

(49 Statutes-at-Large 376) 



Designated as a protection for American seamen, repealed the laws giving privileges of 
citizenship regarding service on and protection by American vessels to aliens having 
their first papers (i.e., having made declaration of intent to become American citizens). 



47. 



Act of May 14, 1937 

(50 Statutes-at-Large 164) 



Made deportable any alien who at any time after entering the United States: 

a. was found to have secured a visa through fraud by contracting a marriage 
which subsequent to entry into the United States had been judicially annulled 
retroactively to the date of the marriage; or 

b. failed or refused to fulfill his promises for a marital agreement made to 
procure his entry as an immigrant. 



48 



Act of June 14, 1940 

(54 Statutes-at-Large 230) 



Presidential Reorganization Plan, transferred the Immigration and Naturalization 
Service from the Department of Labor to the Department of Justice as a national 
security measure. 



49. Alien Registration Act of 
June 28, 1940 

(54 Statutes-at-Large 670) 



Provisions: 

a. Required registration of all aliens and fingerprinting those over 14 years of age. 

b. Established additional deportable classes, including aliens convicted of 
smuggling, or assisting in the illegal entry of, other aliens. 

c. Amended the Act of October 16, 1919, making past membership — in addition 
to present membership — in proscribed organizations and subversive classes of 
aliens grounds for exclusion and deportation. 

d. Amended the Immigration Act of 1917, authorizing, in certain meritorious 
cases, voluntary departure in lieu of deportation, and suspension of deportation. 



50. 



Act of July 1, 1940 

(54 Statutes-at-Large 711) 



Amended the Immigration Act of 1924, requiring aliens admitted as officials of 
foreign governments to maintain their status or depart. 



51 . Nationality Act of October 14, 1940 

(Effective January 13, 1941 as 
54 Statutes-at-Large 1137) 



Codified and revised the naturalization, citizenship, and expatriation laws to 
strengthen the national defense. The naturalization and nationality regulations were 
rewritten and the forms used in naturalization proceedings were revised. 



52. Public Safety Act of June 20, 1941 

(55 Statutes-at-Large 252) 



Directed a consular officer to refuse a visa to any alien seeking to enter the United 
States for the purpose of engaging in activities which would endanger the safety of 
the United States. 



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PPENDLX 1 



Immigration and Naturalization Legislation 



53. 



Act of June 21, 1941 

(55 Statutes-at-Large 252) 



Extended the Act of May 22, 1918 — gave the President power, during a time of 
national emergency or war, to prevent departure from or entry into the United States. 



54. 



Act of December 8, 1942 

(56 Statutes-at-Large 1044) 



Amended the Immigration Act of 1917, altering the reporting procedure in 
suspension of deportation cases to require the Attorney General to report such 
suspensions to Congress on the first and fifteenth of each month that Congress is in 
session. 



55. 



Act of April 29, 1943 

(57 Statutes-at-Large 70) 



Provided for the importation of temporary agricultural laborers to the United States 
from North, South, and Central America to aid agriculture during World War II. 
This program was later extended through 1947, then served as the legal basis of the 
Mexican "Bracero Program," which lasted through 1964. 



56. Act of December 17, 1943 

(57 Statutes-at-Large 600) 



Amended the Alien Registration Act of 1940, adding to the classes eligible for 
naturalization Chinese persons or persons of Chinese descent. A quota of 105 per 
year was established (effectively repealing the Chinese Exclusion laws — see the Act 
of May 6, 1882). 



57. 



Act of February 14, 1944 

(58 Statutes-at-Large 11) 



Provided for the importation of temporary workers from countries in the Western 
Hemisphere pursuant to agreements with such countries for employment in 
industries and services essential to the war efforts. Agreements were 
subsequently made with British Honduras, Jamaica, Barbados, and the British 
West Indies. 



58. War Brides Act of 

December 28, 1945 

(59 Statutes-at-Large 659) 



Waived visa requirements and provisions of immigration law excluding physical 
and mental defectives when they concerned members of the American armed forces 
who, during World War II, had married nationals of foreign countries. 



59. G.I. Fiancees Act of June 29, 1946 
(60 Statutes-at-Large 339) 



Facilitated the admission to the United States of fiance(e)s of members of the 
American armed forces. 



60. 



Act of July 2, 1946 

(60 Statutes-at-Large 416) 



Amended the Immigration Act of 1917, granting the privilege of admission to the 
United States as quota immigrants and eligibility for naturalization races indigenous 
to India and persons of Filipino descent. 



62. 



Act of August 9, 1946 

(60 Statutes-at-Large 975) 

Act of June 28, 1947 

(61 Statutes-at-Large 190) 



Gave nonquota status to Chinese wives of American citizens. 



Extended by six months the Attorney General's authority to admit alien fiance(e)s 
of veterans as temporary visitors pending marriage. 



63. 



Act of May 25, 1948 

(62 Statutes-at-Large 268) 



Amended the Act of October 16, 1918, providing for the expulsion and 
exclusion of anarchists and similar classes, and gave the Attorney General 
similar powers to exclude as the Secretary of State had through the refusal of 
immigration visas. 



A. 1-9 



Appendix 



Immigration and Naturalization Legislation 



64. Displaced Persons Act 

of June 25, 1948 

(62 Statutes-at-Large 1009) 



First expression of U.S. policy for admitting persons fleeing persecution. Permitted 
the admission of up to 205,000 displaced persons during the two-year period 
beginning July 1, 1948 (chargeable against future year's quotas). Aimed at reducing 
the problem created by the presence in Germany, Austria, and Italy of more than one 
million displaced persons. 



65. 



Act of July 1, 1948 

(62 Statutes-at-Large 1206) 



Amended the Immigration Act of 1917. Provisions: 

a. Made available suspension of deportation to aliens even though they were 
ineligible for naturalization by reason of race. 

b. Set condition for suspension of deportation that an alien shall have proved 
good moral character for the preceding five years, and that the Attorney General 
finds that deportation would result in serious economic detriment to a citizen or 
legal resident and closely related alien, or the alien has resided continuously in the 
United States for seven years or more. 



66. Central Intelligence Agency Act 
of June 20, 1949 

(63 Statutes-at-Large 208) 



Authorized the admission of a limited number of aliens in the interest of national 
security. Provided that whenever the Director of the Central Intelligence 
Agency, the Attorney General, and the Commissioner of Immigration determine 
that the entry of a particular alien into the United States for permanent residence 
is in the national security or essential to the furtherance of the national 
intelligence mission, such alien and his immediate family may be given entry 
into the United States for permanent residence without regard to their 
admissibility under any laws and regulations or to their failure to comply with 
such laws and regulations pertaining to admissibility. The number was not to 
exceed 100 persons per year. 



67. Agricultural Act of October 31, 1949 

(63 Statutes-at-Large 1051) 



Facilitated the entry of seasonal farm workers to meet labor shortages in the United 
States. Further extension of the Mexican Bracero Program. 



68. 



Act of June 16, 1950 

(64 Statutes-at-Large 219) 



Amended the Displaced Persons Act of 1948. Provisions: 

a. Extended the act to June 30, 1951 and its application to war orphans and 
German expellees and refugees to July 1 , 1952. 

b. Increased the total of persons who could be admitted under the act to 415,744. 



69. 



Act of June 30, 1950 

(64 Statutes-at-Large 306) 



Provided relief to the sheepherding industry by authorizing that, during a one-year 
period, 250 special quota immigration visas be issued to skilled sheepherders 
chargeable to oversubscribed quotas. 



70. 



Act of August 19, 1950 

(64 Statutes-at-Large 464) 



Made spouses and minor children of members of the American armed forces, 
regardless of the alien's race, eligible for immigration and nonquota status if 
marriage occurred before March 19, 1952. 



Internal Security Act 
of September 22, 1950 

(64 Statutes-at-Large 987) 



Amended various immigration laws with a view toward strengthening security 
screening in cases of aliens in the United States or applying for entry. 
Provisions: 

a. Present and former membership in the Communist party or any other 
totalitarian party or its affiliates was specifically made a ground for inadmissibility. 



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.PPENDIX 1 



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Internal Security Act of 
September 22, 1950 — cont. 



b. Aliens in the United States who, at the time of their entry or by reason of 
subsequent actions, would have been inadmissible under the provisions of the 
Internal Security Act, were made deportable regardless of the length of their 
residence in the United States. 

c. The discretion of the Attorney General in admitting otherwise inadmissible 
aliens temporarily, and in some instances permanently, was curtailed or eliminated. 

d. The Attorney General was given authority to exclude and deport without a 
hearing an alien whose admission would be prejudicial to the public interest if the 
Attorney General's finding was based on confidential information the disclosure of 
which would have been prejudicial to the public interest of the United States. 

e. The Attorney General was given authority to supervise deportable aliens 
pending their deportation and also was given greater latitude in selecting the country 
of deportation. However, deportation of an alien was prohibited to any country in 
which the alien would be subject to physical persecution. 

f. Any alien deportable as a subversive criminal, or member of the immoral 
classes who willfully failed to depart from the United States within six months after 
the issuance of the deportation order was made liable to criminal prosecution and 
could be imprisoned for up to ten years. 

g. Every alien residing in the United States subject to alien registration was 
required to notify the Commissioner of Immigration and Naturalization of his 
address within ten days of each January 1st in which he resided in the United States. 



72. 



Act of March 28, 1951 

(65 Statutes-at-Large 28) 



Provisions: 

a. Gave the Attorney General authority to amend the record of certain aliens who 
were admitted only temporarily because of affiliations other than Communist. 

b. Interpreted the Act of October 16, 1918 regarding exclusion and expulsion of 
aliens to include only voluntary membership or affiliation with a Communist 
organization and to exclude cases where the person in question was under sixteen 
years of age, or where it was for the purpose of obtaining employment, food rations, 
or other necessities. 



73. 



Act of July 12, 1951 

(65 Statutes-at-Large 119) 



Amended the Agricultural Act of 1949, serving as the basic framework under which 
the Mexican Bracero Program operated until 1962. Provided that: 

a. The U.S. government establish and operate reception centers at or near the 
Mexican border; provide transportation, subsistence, and medical care from the 
Mexican recruiting centers to the U.S. reception centers; and guarantee performance 
by employers in matters relating to transportation and wages, including all forms of 
remuneration. 

b. U.S. employers pay the prevailing wages in the area; guarantee the workers 
employment for three-fourths of the contract period; and provide workers with free 
housing and adequate meals at a reasonable cost. 



74. 



Act of March 20, 1952 

(66 Statutes-at-Large 26) 



Provisions: 

a. Amended the Immigration Act of 1917, making it a felony to bring in or 
willfully induce an alien unlawfully to enter or reside in the United States. 
However, the usual and normal practices incident to employment were not deemed 
to constitute harboring. 

b. Defined further the powers of the Border Patrol, giving officers of the 
Immigration and Naturalization Service authority to have access to private lands, but 
not dwellings, within 25 miles of an external boundary for the purpose of patrolling 
the border to prevent the illegal entry of aliens. 



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PPENDLX 1 



Immigration and Naturalization Legislation 



75. 



Act of April 9, 1952 

(66 Statutes-at-Large 50) 



76. Immigration and Nationality Act 
of June 27, 1952 (INA) 
(66 Statutes-at-Large 163) 



Added the issuance of 500 immigration visas to sheepherders. 



Brought into one comprehensive statute the multiple laws which, before its 
enactment, governed immigration and naturalization in the United States. In 
general, perpetuated the immigration policies from earlier statutes with the 
following significant modifications: 

a. Made all races eligible for naturalization, thus eliminating race as a bar to 
immigration. 

b. Eliminated discrimination between sexes with respect to immigration. 

c. Revised the national origins quota system of the Immigration Act of 1924 by 
changing the national origins quota formula: set the annual quota for an area at 
one-sixth of one percent of the number of inhabitants in the continental United 
States in 1920 whose ancestry or national origin was attributable to that area. All 
countries were allowed a minimum quota of 100, with a ceiling of 2,000 on most 
natives of countries in the Asia-Pacific triangle, which broadly encompassed the 
Asian countries. 

d. Introduced a system of selected immigration by giving a quota preference to 
skilled aliens whose services are urgently needed in the United States and to 
relatives of U.S. citizens and aliens. 

e. Placed a limit on the use of the governing country's quota by natives of 
colonies and dependent areas. 

f. Provided an "escape clause" permitting the immigration of certain former 
voluntary members of proscribed organizations. 

g. Broadened the grounds for exclusion and deportation of aliens. 

h. Provided procedures for the adjustment of status of nonimmigrant aliens to that 
of permanent resident aliens. 

i. Modified and added significantly to the existing classes of nonimmigrant 
admission. 

j. Afforded greater procedural safeguards to aliens subject to deportation. 

k. Introduced the alien address report system whereby all aliens in the United 
States (including most temporary visitors) were required annually to report their 
current address to the INS. 

1. Established a central index of all aliens in the United States for use by security 
and enforcement agencies. 

m. Repealed the ban on contract labor (see Act of March 30, 1 868) but added 
other qualitative exclusions. 



77. Refugee Relief Act of August 7, 1953 

(67 Statutes-at-Large 400) 



Authorized the issuance of special nonquota visas allowing 214,000 aliens to 
become permanent residents of the United States, in addition to those whose 
admission was authorized by the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952. 



78. 



Act of September 3, 1954 

(68 Statutes-at-Large 1145) 



Provisions: 

a. Made special nonquota immigrant visas available to certain skilled 
sheepherders for a period of up to one year. 

b. Exempted from inadmissibility to the United States aliens who had committed 
no more than one petty offense. 



79. 



Act of September 3, 1954 

(68 Statutes-at-Large 1146) 



Provided for the expatriation of persons convicted of engaging in a conspiracy to 
overthrow or levy war against the U.S. government. 



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.PPENDIX 1 



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80. Act of July 24, 1957 

(71 Statutes-at-Large 311) 

8 1 . Act of August 30, 1957 

(71 Statutes-at-Large 518) 



Permitted enlistment of aliens into the regular Army. 



Exempted aliens who were survivors of certain deceased members of the U.S. armed 
forces from provisions of the Social Security Act which prohibited the payment of 
benefits to aliens outside the United States. 



82. Refugee-Escapee Act 

of September 11, 1957 

(71 Statutes-at-Large 639) 



Provisions: 

a. Addressed the problem of quota oversubscription by removing the 
"mortgaging" of immigrant quotas imposed under the Displaced Persons Act of 
1948 and other subsequent acts. 

b. Provided for the granting of nonquota status to aliens qualifying under the 
first three preference groups on whose behalf petitions had been filed by a 
specified date. 

c. Facilitated the admission into the United States of stepchildren, illegitimate 
children, and adopted children. 

d. Conferred first preference status on spouse and children of first preference 
immigrants if following to join the immigrant. 

e. Set an age limit of fourteen for the adoption of orphans to qualify for nonquota 
status and further defined which orphans were eligible under the act. 

f. Gave the Attorney General authority to admit certain aliens formerly 
excludable from the United States. 



83. 



Act of July 25, 1958 

(72 Statutes-at-Large 419) 



Granted admission for permanent residence to Hungarian parolees of at least two 
years' residence in the United States, on condition that the alien was admissible at 
time of entry and still admissible. 



84. 



Act of August 21, 1958 

(72 Statutes-at-Large 699) 



Authorized the Attorney General to adjust nonimmigrant aliens from temporary to 
permanent resident status subject to visa availability. 



85. 



Act of September 22, 1959 

(73 Statutes-at-Large 644) 



Facilitated the entry of fiance(e)s and relatives of alien residents and citizens of the 
United States by reclassifying certain categories of relatives into preference portions 
of the immigration quotas. This was designed to assist in reuniting families both on 
a permanent basis, through the amendments to the Immigration and Nationality Act 
of 1952, and through temporary programs. 



86. 



Act of July 14, 1960 

(74 Statutes-at-Large 504) 



"Fair Share Refugee Act." 
Provisions: 

a. Authorized the Attorney General to parole up to 500 alien refugee-escapees 
and make them eligible for permanent residence. 

b. Amended the Act of September 2, 1958 to extend it to June 30, 1962. 

c. Amended the Act of September 11, 1957, which provided special nonquota 
immigrant visas for adopted or to-be-adopted orphans under 14 years of age, 
extending it to June 30, 1961. 

d. Amended the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952, adding possession of 
marijuana to the sections concerning excludable and deportable offenses. 

e. Made alien seamen ineligible for adjustment from temporary to permanent 
resident status. 



A.l-13 



PPENDIX 1 



Immigration and Naturalization Legislation 



87. 



Act of August 17, 1961 

(75 Statuies-at-Large 364) 



Provided that, in peacetime, no volunteer is to be accepted into the Army or Air 
Force unless the person is a citizen or an alien admitted for permanent residence. 



Act of September 26, 1961 

(75 Statutes-at-Large 650) 



Liberalized the quota provisions of the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952: 

a. Eliminated the ceiling of 2,000 on the aggregate quota of the Asia-Pacific triangle. 

b. Provided that whenever one or more quota areas have a change of boundaries 
which might lessen their aggregate quota, they were to maintain the quotas they had 
before the change took place. 

c. Codified and made permanent the law for admission of adopted children. 

d. Established a single statutory form of judicial review of orders of deportation. 

e. Insured a minimum quota of 100 for newly independent nations. 

f. Called for the omission of information on race and ethnic origin from the visa 
application. 

g. Strengthened the law against the fraudulent gaining of nonquota status by 
marriage. 

h. Authorized the Public Health Service to determine which diseases are 
dangerous and contagious in constituting grounds for exclusion. 



89. 



Act of October 24, 1962 

(76 Statutes-at-Large 1247) 



Provisions: 

a. Granted nonquota immigrant visas for certain aliens eligible for fourth 
preference (i.e., brothers, sisters, and children of citizens) and for first preference 
(i.e., aliens with special occupational skills). 

b. Called for a semimonthly report to Congress from the Attorney General of first 
preference petitions approved. 

c. Created a record of lawful entry and provided for suspension of deportation for 
aliens who have been physically present in the United States for at least seven years 
in some cases and ten years in others. 



90. Act of December 13, 1963 

(77 Statutes-at-Large 363) 

91. Immigration and Nationality Act 

Amendments of October 3, 1965 

(79 Statutes-at-Large 911) 



Extended the Mexican Bracero Program one additional year to December 31, 1964. 



Provisions: 

a. Abolished the national origins quota system (see the Immigration Act of 1924 
and the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952), eliminating national origin, race, 
or ancestry as a basis for immigration to the United States. 

b. Established allocation of immigrant visas on a first come, first served basis, 
subject to a seven-category preference system for relatives of U.S. citizens and 
permanent resident aliens (for the reunification of families) and for persons with 
special occupational skills, abilities, or training (needed in the United States). 

c. Established two categories of immigrants not subject to numerical restrictions: 

1 . Immediate relatives (spouses, children, parents) of U.S. citizens, and 

2. Special immigrants: certain ministers of religion; certain former 
employees of the U.S. government abroad; certain persons who lost 
citizenship (e.g., by marriage or by service in foreign armed forces); and 
certain foreign medical graduates. 

d. Maintained the principle of numerical restriction, expanding limits to world 
coverage by limiting Eastern Hemisphere immigration to 170,000 and placing a 
ceiling on Western Hemisphere immigration (120,000) for the first time. However, 
neither the preference categories nor the 20,000 per-country limit were applied to 
the Western Hemisphere. 



A.l-14 



.PPENDIX 1 



Immigration and Naturalization Legislation 



Immigration and Nationality Act 
Amendments of October 3, 1965 — cont. 



e. Introduced a prerequisite for the issuance of a visa of an affirmative finding by 
the Secretary of Labor that an alien seeking to enter as a worker will not replace a 
worker in the United States nor adversely affect the wages and working conditions 
of similarly employed individuals in the United States. 



92. Freedom of Information Act 
of July 4, 1966 

(80 Statutes-at-Large 250) 



Provisions: 

a. Established that the record of every proceeding before the INS in an 
individual's case be made available to the alien or his attorney of record. 

b. Required that public reading rooms be established in each Central and District 
office of the INS, where copies of INS decisions could be made available to the 
public. 

Effective July 4, 1967. 



93. 



Act of November 2, 1966 

(80 Statutes-at-Large 1161) 



Authorized the Attorney General to adjust the status of Cuban refugees to that of 
permanent resident alien, chargeable to the 120,000 annual limit for the Western 
Hemisphere. 



94. 



Act of November 6, 1966 

(80 Statutes-at-Large 1322) 



Provisions: 

a. Extended derivative citizenship to children bom on or after December 24, 1952 
of civilian U.S. citizens serving abroad. 

b. Provided that time spent abroad by U.S. citizens (or their dependent children) 
in the employ of the U.S. Government or certain international organizations could be 
treated as physical presence in the United States for the purpose of transmitting U.S. 
citizenship to children bom abroad. 



95. 



Act of December 18, 1967 

(81 Statutes-at-Large 661) 



Facilitated the expeditious naturalization of certain noncitizen employees of U.S. 
nonprofit organizations. 



96. 



Act of June 19, 1968 

(82 Statutes-at-Large 197) 



Omnibus crimes control and safe streets legislation, declared it illegal for aliens who 
are illegally in the country and for former citizens who have renounced their 
citizenship to receive, possess, or transport a firearm. 



97. 



Act of October 24, 1968 

(82 Statutes-at-Large 1343) 



Amended the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952, providing for expeditious 
naturalization of noncitizens who have rendered honorable services in the U.S. 
armed forces during the Vietnam conflict, or in other periods of military 
hostilities. 



Act of April 7, 1970 

(84 Statutes-at-Large 116) 



Provisions: 

a. Created two new classes of nonimmigrant admission — fiance(e)s of U.S. 
citizens and intracompany transferees. 

b. Modified the H 1 temporary worker class of nonimmigrant admission (workers of 
distinguished merit and ability). 

c. Altered the provisions of the law regarding the two-year residence 
requirement, making it easier for nonimmigrants who have been in the United 
States as exchange visitors to adjust to a different nonimmigrant status or to 
permanent resident status. 



A.l-15 



.PPENDIX 1 



Immigration and Naturalization Legislation 



99. 



Act of August 10, 1971 

(85 Statutes-at-Large 302) 



Amended the Communications Act of 1934, providing that lawful permanent 
resident aliens be permitted to operate amateur radio stations in the United States 
and hold licenses for their stations. 



100. Act of September 28, 1971 

(85 Statutes-at-Large 348) 



Amended the Selective Service Act of 1967. Provided that: 

a. Registration for the selective service shall not be applicable to any alien 
admitted to the United States as a nonimmigrant as long as he continues to maintain 
a lawful nonimmigrant status in the United States. 

b. No alien residing in the United States for less than one year shall be inducted 
for training and service into the U.S. armed forces. 



101. 



Act of October 27, 1972 

(86 Statutes-at-Large 1289) 



Reduced restrictions concerning residence requirements for retention of U.S. 
citizenship acquired by birth abroad through a U.S. citizen parent and an alien parent. 



102. Social Security Act Amendments 
of October 30, 1972 

(86 Statutes-at-Large 1329) 



Amended the Social Security Act, providing that Social Security numbers be 
assigned to aliens at the time of their lawful admission to the United States for 
permanent residence or temporarily to engage in lawful employment. 



103. 



Act of October 20, 1974 

(88 Statutes-at-Large 1387) 



Repealed the "Coolie Trade" legislation of 1862. Such legislation, passed to protect 
Chinese and Japanese aliens from exploitation caused by discriminatory treatment 
from immigration laws then in effect, had become virtually inoperative because 
most of the laws singling out oriental peoples had been repealed or modified. 



104. Indochina Migration and Refugee 
Assistance Act of May 23, 1975 

(89 Statutes-at-Large 87) 



105. 



Act of June 21, 1976 

(90 Statutes-at-Large 691) 



Established a program of domestic resettlement assistance for refugees who have 
fled from Cambodia and Vietnam. 



Made Laotians eligible for programs established by the Indochina Migration and 
Refugee Assistance Act of 1975. 



106. 



Act of October 12, 1976 

(90 Statutes-at-Large 2243) 



Placed restrictions on foreign medical school graduates (both immigrants and 
nonimmigrants) coming to the United States for practice or training in the medical 
profession. Effective January 10, 1977. 



107. Immigration and Nationality Act 
Amendments of October 20, 1976 

(90 Statutes-at-Large 2703) 



108 Act of October 20, 1976 

Effective January 1, 1978 
(90 Statutes-at-Large 2706) 



Provisions: 

a. Applied the same 20,000 per-country limit to the Western Hemisphere as 
applied to the Eastern Hemisphere. 

b. Slightly modified the seven-category preference system and applied it to the 
Western Hemisphere. 

c. Amended the 1966 act, providing that Cuban refugees who are adjusted to permanent 
resident status will not be charged to any numerical limitation, provided they were 
physically present in the United States on or before the effective date of these amendments. 

Denied unemployment compensation to aliens not lawfully admitted for permanent 
residence or otherwise permanently residing in the United States under color of law. 



.PPENDIX 1 



Immigration and Naturalization Legislation 



109. Act of August 1, 1977 

(91 Statutes-at-Large 394) 



Eased restrictions on foreign medical school graduates, e.g., exempted aliens who are 
of national or international renown in the field of medicine, and exempted certain 
alien physicians already in the United States from the examination requirement. (See 
Act of October 12, 1976.) 



110. 



Act of October 28, 1977 
(91 Statutes-at-Large 1223) 



Provisions: 

a. Permitted adjustment to permanent resident status for Indochinese refugees 
who are natives or citizens of Vietnam, Laos, or Cambodia, were physically present 
in the United States for at least two years, and were admitted or paroled into the 
United States during specified periods of time. 

b. Extended the time limit during which refugee assistance may be provided to 
such refugees. 



111. 



Act of October 5, 1978 

(92 Statutes-at-Large 907) 



Combined the separate ceilings for Eastern and Western Hemisphere immigration 
into one worldwide limit of 290,000. 



112. 



Act of October 5, 1978 

(92 Statutes-at-Large 917) 



Provisions: 

a. Made several changes pertaining to the adoption of alien children, including 
permission for U.S. citizens to petition for the classification of more than two alien 
orphans as immediate relatives. 

b. Eliminated the requirement of continuous residence in the United States for 
two years prior to filing for naturalization. 



113. 



Act of October 7, 1978 

(92 Statutes-at-Large 963) 



Made permanent the President's authority to regulate the entry of aliens and to 
require U.S. citizens to bear valid passports when entering or leaving the United 
States: 

a. Called for unrestricted use of passports to and in any country other than a 
country with which the United States is at war, where armed hostilities are in 
progress, or where there is imminent danger to the public health or the physical 
safety of U.S. travelers. 

b. Declared it the general policy of the United States to impose restrictions on travel 
within the United States by citizens of another country only when the government of 
that country imposes restrictions on travel of U.S. citizens within that country. 



114. 



Act of October 14, 1978 

(92 Statutes-at-Large 1263) 



Required any alien who acquires or transfers any interest in agricultural land to submit 
a report to the Secretary of Agriculture within 90 days after acquisition or transfer. 



115. 



Act of October 30, 1978 

(92 Statutes-at-Large 2065) 



Provided for the exclusion and expulsion of aliens who persecuted others on the 
basis of race, religion, national origin, or political opinion under the direction of the 
Nazi government of Germany or its allies. 



116. 



Act of November 2, 1978 

(92 Statutes-at-Large 2479) 



Provided for the seizure and forfeiture of vessels, vehicles, and aircraft used in 
smuggling aliens or knowingly transporting aliens to the United States illegally. An 
exception was made where the owner or person in control did not consent to the 
illegal act. 



A.l-17 



PPENDIX 1 



Immigration and Naturalization Legislation 



Panama Canal Act of 
September 27, 1979 

(93 Statutes-at-Large 452) 



Allowed admission as permanent residents to certain aliens with employment on or 
before 1977 with the Panama Canal Company, the Canal Zone government, or the 
U.S. government in the Canal Zone, and their families. 



118. Refugee Act of March 17, 1980 

(94 Statutes-at-Large 102) 



Provided the first permanent and systematic procedure for the admission and 
effective resettlement of refugees of special humanitarian concern to the United 
States: 

a. Eliminated refugees as a category of the preference system. 

b. Set the worldwide ceiling of immigration to the United States at 270,000, 
exclusive of refugees. 

c. Established procedures for annual consultation with Congress on numbers and 
allocations of refugees to be admitted in each fiscal year, as well as procedures for 
responding to emergency refugee situations. 

d. Defined the term "refugee" (to conform to the 1967 United Nations Protocol on 
Refugees) and made clear the distinction between refugee and asylee status. 

e. Established a comprehensive program for domestic resettlement of refugees. 

f. Provided for adjustment to permanent resident status of refugees who have 
been physically present in the United States for at least one year and of asylees one 
year after asylum is granted. 



1 19. Refugee Education Assistance Act 
of October 10, 1980 

(94 Statutes-at-Large 1799) 



Established a program of formula grants to State education agencies for basic 
education of refugee children. Also provided for services to Cuban and Haitian 
entrants identical to those for refugees under the Refugee Act of 1980. 



120. 



Act of June 5, 1981 

(95 Statutes-at-Large 14) 



Supplemental appropriations and rescissions bill, reduced previously-appropriated 
funds for migration and refugee assistance, including funds provided for reception 
and processing of Cuban and Haitian entrants. 



121. 



Act of August 13, 1981 

(95 Statutes-at-Large 357) 



Federal appropriations bill for fiscal year 1982, also contained items restricting the 
access of aliens to various publicly-funded benefits. Immigration-related provisions: 

a. Precluded the Secretary of HUD from making financial assistance available to 
any alien unless that alien is a resident of the United States by virtue of admission or 
adjustment as a permanent resident alien, refugee or asylee, parolee, conditional 
entrant, or pursuant to withholding of deportation. Alien visitors, tourists, 
diplomats, and students were specifically excluded. 

b. Severely restricted eligibility of aliens to Aid to Families with Dependent 
Children. 



1 22. Immigration and Nationality Act 
Amendments of December 20, 1981 

(95 Statutes-at-Large 1611) 



"INS Efficiency Bill," amended the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952 and 
the Act of November 2, 1978: 

a. Authorized INS to seize vehicles without having to establish whether the 
owner was involved in the illegal activity in question. 

b. Eliminated the requirement that the government bear administrative and 
incidental expenses where an innocent owner is involved. 

c. Eliminated the requirement that the INS satisfy any valid lien or other third 
party interest in a vehicle without expense to the interest holder. 

d. Eliminated the required annual notification by aliens of their current address. 



Appendix 



Immigration and Naturalization Legislation 



123. 



Act of September 30, 1982 

(96 Statutes-at-Large 1157) 



Allowed admission as permanent residents to certain nonimmigrant aliens residing 
in the Virgin Islands. 



124. 



Act of October 2, 1982 

(96 Statutes-at-Large 1186) 



Greatly limited the categories of aliens to whom the Legal Services Corporation 
may provide legal assistance. 



125. 



Act of October 22, 1982 

(96 Statutes-at-Large 1716) 



Provided that children born of U.S. citizen fathers in Korea, Vietnam, Laos, 
Kampuchea, or Thailand after 1950 and before enactment, may come to the United 
States as immediate relatives or as first or fourth preference immigrants. 



126. Immigration Reform and Control 
Act of November 6, 1986 (IRCA) 

(700 Statutes-at-Large 3359) 



Comprehensive immigration legislation: 

a. Authorized legalization (i.e., temporary and then permanent resident status) for 
aliens who had resided in the United States in an unlawful status since January 1, 
1982 (entering illegally or as temporary visitors with authorized stay expiring before 
that date or with the Government's knowledge of their unlawful status before that 
date) and are not excludable. 

b. Created sanctions prohibiting employers from knowingly hiring, recruiting, or 
referring for a fee aliens not authorized to work in the United States. 

c. Increased enforcement at U.S. borders. 

d. Created a new classification of seasonal agricultural worker and provisions for 
the legalization of certain such workers. 

e. Extended the registry date (i.e., the date from which an alien has resided 
illegally and continuously in the United States and thus qualifies for adjustment to 
permanent resident status) from June 30, 1948 to January 1, 1972. 

f. Authorized adjustment to permanent resident status for Cubans and Haitians 
who entered the United States without inspection and had continuously resided in 
country since January 1, 1982. 

g. Increased the numerical limitation for immigrants admitted under the 
preference system for dependent areas from 600 to 5,000 beginning in fiscal year 
1988. 

h. Created a new special immigrant category for certain retired employees of 
international organizations and their families and a new nonimmigrant status for 
parents and children of such immigrants. 

i. Created a nonimmigrant Visa Waiver Pilot program allowing certain aliens to 
visit the United States without applying for a nonimmigrant visa. 

j. Allocated 5,000 nonpreference visas in each of fiscal years 1987 and 1988 for 
aliens bom in countries from which immigration was adversely affected by the 1965 
act. 



127. Immigration Marriage Fraud 
Amendments of November 10, 1986 

(100 Statutes-at-Large 3537) 



Provisions: 

a. Stipulated that aliens deriving their immigrant status based on a marriage of 
less than two years are conditional immigrants. To remove conditional status, the 
alien must apply within 90 days after their second-year anniversary of receiving 
conditional status. 

b. Required alien fiance(e)s of U.S. citizens to have met their citizen petitioner in 
person within two years of the date the petition was filed. 



A.l-19 



.PPENDIX 1 



Immigration and Naturalization Legislation 



128. Amerasian Homecoming Act 
of December 22, 1987 

(101 Statutes-at-Large 1329) 



An appropriations law providing for admission of children born in Vietnam between 
specified dates to Vietnamese mothers and American fathers, together with their 
immediate relatives. They are admitted as nonquota immigrants but receive refugee 
program benefits. 



129. 



Act of September 28, 1988 

(102 Statutes-at-Large 1876) 



United States-Canada Free-Trade Agreement Implementation Act: 

a. Facilitated temporary entry on a reciprocal basis between the United States and 
Canada. 

b. Established procedures for the temporary entry into the United States of 
Canadian citizen professional business persons to render services for remuneration. 

c. No nonimmigrant visa, prior petition, labor certification, or prior approval 
required, but appropriate documentation must be presented to the inspecting officer 
establishing Canadian citizenship and professional engagement in one of the 
occupations listed in the qualifying occupation schedule. 



1 30. Act of November 15, 1988 
(102 Statutes-at-Large 3908) 

131. Foreign Operations Act 

of November 21, 1989 

(103 Statutes-at-Large 1195) 



Provided for the extension of stay for certain nonimmigrant H-l nurses. 



An appropriations law, provided for adjustment to permanent resident status for 
Soviet and Indochinese nationals who were paroled into the United States between 
certain dates after denial of refugee status. 



132. 



Act of December 18, 1989 

(103 Statutes-at-Large 2099) 



The "Immigration Nursing Relief Act of 1989." Provisions: 

a. Adjustment from temporary to permanent resident status, without regard to 
numerical limitation, of certain nonimmigrants who were employed in the United States 
as registered nurses for at least three years and meet established certification standards. 

b. Establishment of a new nonimmigrant category for the temporary admission of 
qualified registered nurses. 



133. Immigration Act of 

November 29, 1990 

(104 Statutes-at-Large 4978) 



A major overhaul of immigration law: 

a. Increased total immigration under an overall flexible cap of 675,000 
immigrants beginning in fiscal year 1995, preceded by a 700,000 level during fiscal 
years 1992 through 1994. The 675,000 level to consist of: 480,000 family- 
sponsored; 140,000 employment-based; and 55,000 "diversity immigrants." 

b. Revised all grounds for exclusion and deportation, significantly rewriting the 
political and ideological grounds. For example, repealed the bar against the 
admission of communists as nonimmigrants and limited the exclusion of aliens on 
foreign policy grounds. 

c. Authorized the Attorney General to grant temporary protected status to 
undocumented alien nationals of designated countries subject to armed conflict or 
natural disasters. 

d. Revised and established new nonimmigrant admission categories: 

1. Redefined the H-l(b) temporary worker category and limited number 
of aliens who may be issued visas or otherwise provided nonimmigrant 
status under this category to 65,000 annually. 

2. Limited number of H-2(b) temporary worker category aliens who may be 
issued visas or otherwise provided nonimmigrant status to 66,000 annually. 



A. 1-20 



.PPENDIX 1 



Immigration and Naturalization Legislation 



Immigration Act of 
November 29, 1990 — cont. 



3. Created new temporary worker admission categories (O, P, Q, and R), 
some with annual caps on number of aliens who may be issued visas or 
otherwise provided nonimmigrant status. 

e. Revised, and extended the Visa Waiver Pilot Program through fiscal year 1994. 

f. Revised naturalization authority and requirements: 

1. Transferred the exclusive jurisdiction to naturalize aliens from the 
Federal and State courts to the Attorney General. 

2. Amended the substantive requirements for naturalization: State 
residency requirements revised and reduced to 3 months; added another 
ground for waiving the English language requirement; lifted the 
permanent bar to naturalization for aliens who applied to be relieved from 
U.S. military service on grounds of alienage who previously served in the 
service of the country of the alien's nationality. 

g. Revised enforcement activities. For example: 

1. Broadened the definition of "aggravated felony" and imposed new 
legal restrictions on aliens convicted of such crimes. 

2. Revised employer sanctions provisions of the Immigration Reform 
and Control Act of 1986. 

3. Authorized funds to increase Border Patrol personnel by 1,000. 

4. Revised criminal and deportation provisions. 

h. Recodified the 32 grounds for exclusion into nine categories, including 
revising and repealing some of the grounds (especially health grounds). 



1 34. Armed Forces Immigration 
Adjustment Act of October 1, 1991 

(105 Statutes-at-Large 555) 



Provisions: 

a. Granted special immigrant status to certain types of aliens who honorably 
served in the Armed Forces of the United States for at least 1 2 years. 

b. Delayed until April 1, 1992 the implementation of provisions relating to O and 
P nonimmigrant visas. (See Act of November 29, 1990.) 



135. 



Act of December 12, 1991 

(105 Statutes-at-Large 1733) 



Miscellaneous and Technical Immigration and Naturalization Amendments Act, 
amended certain elements of the Immigration Act of 1990. Revised provisions 
regarding the entrance of O and P nonimmigrants, including the repeal of numerical 
limits of visas for the P categories of admission, and made other technical 
corrections. (See Act of November 29, 1990.) 



1 36. Chinese Student Protection 
Act of October 9, 1992 

(106 Statutes-at-Large 1969) 



Provided for adjustment to permanent resident status (as employment-based 
immigrants) by nationals of the People's Republic of China who were in the United 
States after June 4, 1 989 and before April 11,1 990. 



1 37. Soviet Scientists Immigration 
Act of October 10, 1992 

(106 Statutes-at-Large 3316) 



Provisions: 

a. Conferred permanent resident status (as employment-based immigrants) on a 
maximum of 750 scientists from the independent states of the former Soviet Union 
and the Baltic states. The limit does not include spouses and children. 

b. Stipulated that employment must be in the biological, chemical, or nuclear 
technical field or work in conjunction with j high technology defense project. 

c. Waived the requirement that workers with expertise in these fields were 
needed by an employer in the United States. 



A.l-21 



.PPENDIX 1 



Immigration and Naturalization Legislation 



138. 



Act of December 8, 1993 

(107Statutes-at-Large 2057) 



North American Free-Trade Agreement Implementation Act (supersedes the United 
States-Canada Free-Trade Agreement Act of September 28, 1988): 

a. Facilitated temporary entry on a reciprocal basis between the United States and 
Canada and Mexico. 

b. Established procedures for the temporary entry into the United States of 
Canadian and Mexican citizen professional business persons to render services for 
remuneration: 

1. For Canadians, no nonimmigrant visa, prior petition, labor certification, 
or prior approval required, but appropriate documentation must be presented to the 
inspecting officer establishing Canadian citizenship and professional engagement in 
one of the occupations listed in the qualifying occupation schedule; 

2. For Mexicans, nonimmigrant visa, prior petition by employer, and 
Department of Labor attestation are required in addition to proof of Mexican 
citizenship and professional engagement in one of the occupations listed in the 
qualifying occupation schedule; 

3. For Canadians, nonimmigrant visas are not required of spouses and minor 
children who possess Canadian citizenship; 

4. For Mexicans, nonimmigrant visas are required of spouses and minor 
children who possess Mexican citizenship; 

5. For Canadians, no limit to number of admissions; 

6. For Mexicans, a limit was set for a transition period for up to ten years at 
5,500 initial petition approvals per year. 



139. 



Act of September 13, 1994 

(108Statutes-at-Large 1796) 



Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994. Provisions: 

a. Authorized establishment of a criminal alien tracking center. 

b. Established a new nonimmigrant classification for alien witness cooperation 
and counterterrorism information. 

c. Revised deportation procedures for certain criminal aliens who are not 
permanent residents and expanded special deportation proceedings. 

d. Provided for expeditious deportation for denied asylum applicants. 

e. Provided for improved border management through increased resources. 

f. Strengthened penalties for passport and visa offenses. 



A. 1-22 



.PPENDIX 1 



Immigration and Naturalization Legislation 



Sources: 

American Council for Nationalities Service, Interpreter Releases, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (weekly). 

Auerbach, Frank L., Immigration Laws of the United States, The Bobbs-Merrill Company, Inc.. Indianapolis, 1955. 

Gordon, Charles and Ellen Gittel Gordon, Immigration and Nationality Law, Matthew Bender & Company, New York, 1 979. 

History of the Immigration and Naturalization Service, Report of the Senate Judiciary Committee for the use of the Select Commission 
of Immigration and Refugee Policy, 96th Congress, 2d Session, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1980. 

Hutchison, Edward P., Legislative History of American Immigration Policy, 1798-1965, University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia, 1981 . 

United States Statutes at Large, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC. 

U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service, Annual Reports, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC. 

U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service, The I & N Reporter (entitled The INS Reporter, starting with Fall 1976 edition) 
U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (quarterly). 

U.S. Immigration Law and Policy: 1952-1986, Report of the Senate Subcommittee on Immigration and Refugee Affairs, Senate Judiciary 
Committee, 100th Congress, 1st Session, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1988. 

Immigration and Nationality Act (Reflecting Laws Enacted As of May 1, 1995), Prepared for the use of the Committee of the Judiciary of 
the House of Representatives, 104th Congress, 1st Session, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1995. 



A.l-23 



Appendix 2 



Immigration Limits: Fiscal Year 1995 



The Immigration Act of 1990 (P.L. 101-649) restructured the immigrant categories of admission and 
made other modifications to the Immigration and Nationality Act (see Appendix 1, item 133 for 
details). This appendix describes the immigration limits in effect in fiscal year 1995. 

Preference Limits 

The Immigration Act of 1990 divided the preference classes into two general categories: family- 
sponsored and employment-based. Limits on the number of visas issued in these two categories are 
determined annually. 

Family -sponsored limits — The worldwide level for family-sponsored preferences is calculated as: 

480,000 

minus the number of aliens who were issued visas or adjusted to legal permanent residence in 

the previous fiscal year as 

1) immediate relatives of U.S. citizens, 

2) children born subsequent to the issuance of a visa to an accompanying parent, 
and 

3) children born abroad to lawful permanent residents on temporary trips abroad, 

plus certain unused preferences in the previous fiscal year. 

The 1990 Act specifies that the family-sponsored limit may not go below a minimum of 226,000 in any 
year. The number of legal permanent residents issued visas or who adjusted in fiscal year 1994 under 
categories 1-3 listed above was 255,709, and 29,430 employment-based visas were unused in 1994. 
The 1995 family-sponsored limit, therefore, was set to 253,721 (480,000 - 255,709 + 29,430 = 
253,721). The limits for each of the family-sponsored preferences and their descriptions are shown in 
Table A. 

Employment-based limits — The 1990 Act specifies that the worldwide limit on employment-based 
preference immigrants is equal to 140,000 plus certain unused preference visas in the previous year. 
The limit for fiscal year 1995 was set to 146,503 (140,000 + 6,503 unused family-sponsored visas in 
1994 = 146,503). The employment-based preferences and their limits are described in Table A. 

Per-country limits — The per-country limit on preference immigration for independent countries is set to 
7 percent of the total family and employment limits, while dependent areas are limited to 2 percent of 
the total. The 1995 limit for independent foreign states is 28,016 (7 percent of 400,224) and the limit 
for dependencies is 8,004 (2 percent of 400,224). 

A.2-2 



.PPENDIX 2 



Immigration Limits: Fiscal Year 1995 



Table A 
Immigration Limits: Fiscal Year 1995 



Preference 



Description 



Limit 



Family-sponsored preferences 

First 
Second 



Third 
Fourth 

Employment-based preferences 

First 



Second 
Third 

Fourth 
Fifth 



Unmarried sons and daughters of U.S. citizens and their children. 

Spouses, children, and unmarried sons and daughters of permanent 
resident aliens. 
Spouses and children receive at least 77 percent of the visas 
issued. The remaining visas are issued to unmarried sons and 
daughters (at least 21 years of age). 

Married sons and daughters of U.S. citizens and their spouses and 
children. 

Brothers and sisters of U.S. citizens (at least 21 years of age) and 
their spouses and children. 



Priority workers and their spouses and children. 

Priority workers are (1) persons of extraordinary ability, 
(2) outstanding professors and researchers, and (3) certain 
multinational executives and managers. 

Professionals with advanced degrees or aliens of exceptional ability 
and their spouses and children. 

Skilled workers, professionals (without advanced degrees), needed 
unskilled workers, and their spouses and children. 
The number of unskilled workers is limited to 10,000. 

Special immigrants and their spouses and children. The number of 
certain religious workers is limited to 5,000. 

Employment creation ("Investors") and their spouses and children. 



253,721 
23,400 ' 

141,921 2 



23,400 : 

65,000 : 

146,503 

41,858 3 



41,858 2 
41,858 2 

10,465 
10,464 



Other numerically limited 
immigrants specified in the 
Immigration Act of 1990 



Diversity immigrants. 55,000 

Aliens from countries "adversely affected" by the Immigration and 

Nationality Act Amendments of 1965 and their spouses and 

children (Diversity Transition immigrants). 1,404 

Asylees and their spouses and children. 10,000 

1 Plus unused family 4th preference visas. 2 Visas not used in higher preferences may be used in these categories ' Plus unused employment 4th and 
5th preference visas. 



A.2-3 



.PPENDIX 3 



Glossary 



Acquired Citizenship — Citizenship conferred at birth 
on children born abroad to a U.S. citizen parent(s). 

Adjustment to Immigrant Status — Procedure allowing 
certain aliens already in the United States to apply for 
immigrant status. Aliens admitted to the United States in 
a nonimmigrant or other category may have their status 
changed to that of lawful permanent resident if they are 
eligible to receive an immigrant visa and one is 
immediately available. In such cases, the alien is counted 
as an immigrant as of the date of adjustment, even though 
the alien may have been in the United States for an 
extended period of time. 

Adversely Affected — See Nonpreference Category. 

Agricultural Workers — As a nonimmigrant class of 
admission, an alien coming temporarily to the United 
States to perform agricultural labor or services, as defined 
by the Secretary of Labor. This nonimmigrant category 
was established as a separate class of admission by the 
Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986. 

Alien — Any person not a citizen or national of the 
United States. 

Amerasian Act — Public Law 97-359 (Act of 10/22/82) 
provides for the immigration to the United States of 
certain Amerasian children. In order to qualify for 
benefits under this law, an alien must have been born in 
Cambodia, Korea, Laos, Thailand, or Vietnam after 
December 31, 1950 and before October 22, 1982, and 
have been fathered by a U.S. citizen. 

Amerasian (Vietnam) — Immigrant visas are issued to 
Amerasians under Public Law 100-202 (Act of 12/22/87), 
which provides for the admission of aliens born in 
Vietnam between January 1, 1962 and January 1, 1976 if 
the alien was fathered by a U.S. citizen. Spouses, 
children, and parents or guardians may accompany the 
alien. 



Area Control — Enforcement operations conducted by 
the Immigration and Naturalization Service's 
Investigations Division to locate and apprehend aliens 
illegally in the United States. Area Control focused on 
aliens in places of employment where illegal aliens were 
concentrated. This enforcement technique declined in 
importance in the mid-1980s as the INS shifted its 
emphasis to employer sanctions (see Employer 
Sanctions). 

Asylee — An alien in the United States or at a port of 
entry unable or unwilling to return to his or her country of 
nationality, or to seek the protection of that country 
because of persecution or a well-founded fear of 
persecution. Persecution or the fear thereof may be based 
on the alien's race, religion, nationality, membership in a 
particular social group, or political opinion. For persons 
with no nationality, the country of nationality is 
considered to be the country in which the alien last 
habitually resided. Asylees are eligible to adjust to lawful 
permanent resident status after one year of continuous 
presence in the United States. These immigrants are 
limited to 10,000 adjustments per fiscal year. 

Beneficiaries — Those aliens who receive immigration 
benefits from petitions filed with the U.S. Immigration 
and Naturalization Service. Beneficiaries generally 
derive privilege or status as a result of their relationship 
(including that of employer-employee) to a U.S. citizen 
or lawful permanent resident. 

Border Crosser — An alien or citizen resident of the 
United States reentering the country after an absence of 
less than six months in Canada or Mexico, or a 
nonresident alien entering the United States across the 
Canadian border for stays of no more that six months or 
across the Mexican border for stays of no more than 72 
hours, or a U.S. citizen residing in Canada or Mexico 
who enters the United States frequently for business or 
pleasure, or an individual entering the U.S. on any flight 
originating in Canada or Mexico. 



Apprehension — The arrest of a deportable alien by the 
Immigration and Naturalization Service. Each 
apprehension of the same alien in a fiscal year is counted 
separately. 



Border Patrol Sector — Any one of 21 geographic areas 
into which the United States is divided for the 
Immigration and Naturalization Service's Border Patrol 
activities. 



A.3-2 



PPENDIX 3 



Glossary 



Business Nonimmigrant — An alien coming 
temporarily to the United States to engage in commercial 
transactions which do not involve gainful employment in 
the United States, i.e., engaged in international commerce 
on behalf of a foreign firm, not employed in the U.S. 
labor market, and receives no salary from U.S. sources. 

Certificate of Citizenship — Identity document proving 
U.S. citizenship. Certificates of citizenship are issued to 
derivative citizens and to persons who acquired U.S. 
citizenship (see definitions for Acquired and Derivative 
Citizenship). 

Child — An unmarried person under 21 years of age who 
is: a legitimate child; a stepchild provided that the child 
was under 18 years of age at the time that the marriage 
creating the stepchild status occurred; a legitimated child 
provided that the child was legitimate while in the legal 
custody of the legitimating parent; a child adopted while 
under 16 years of age who has resided since adoption in 
the legal custody of the adopting parents for at least 2 
years; or an orphan, under 16 years of age, who has been 
adopted abroad by a U.S. citizen or has an immediate- 
relative visa petition submitted in his/her behalf and is 
coming to the United States for adoption by a U.S. 
citizen. 



Conditional Immigrant — 

Fraud Amendments of 1986. 



See Immigration Marriage 



Country of Former Allegiance — The previous country 
of citizenship of a naturalized U.S. citizen or of a person 
who derived U.S. citizenship. 

Country of Last Residence — The country in which the 
alien habitually resided prior to entering the United 
States. 

Crewman — A foreign national serving in any capacity 
on board a vessel or aircraft. Crewmen are admitted for 
twenty-nine days, with no extensions. Crewmen required 
to depart on the same vessel on which they arrived are 
classified as D-ls. Crewmen who depart on a vessel 
different than the one on which they arrived are classified 
as D-2s. Although these aliens are nonimmigrants, 
crewmen are not included in nonimmigrant admission data. 



Crewman Technical (or Nonwillful) Violator — Any 

crewman who through no fault of his or her own remains 
in the United States more than 29 days (e.g., a crewman 
hospitalized beyond the 29-day admission period). 

Cuban/Haitian Entrant — Status accorded 1) Cubans 
who entered the United States illegally between April 15, 
1980 and October 10, 1980 and 2) Haitians who entered 
the country illegally before January 1, 1981. Cubans and 
Haitians meeting these criteria who have continuously 
resided in the United States since before January 1, 1982, 
and who were known to the INS before that date, may 
adjust to permanent residence under a provision of the 
Immigration Control and Reform Act of 1986. 

Deferred Enforced Departure — See Extended 
Voluntary Departure. 

Deferred Inspection — See Parolee. 

Departure Under Safeguards — The departure of an 
illegal alien from the United States which is physically 
observed by an Immigration and Naturalization Service official. 

Dependent — Spouse, unmarried dependent child under 
21 years of age, unmarried dependent child under 25 
years of age who is in full-time attendance at a 
postsecondary educational institution, or unmarried child 
who is physically or mentally disabled. 

Deportable Alien — An alien in the United States 
subject to any of the 5 grounds of deportation specified in 
the Immigration and Nationality Act. This includes any 
alien illegally in the United States, regardless of whether 
the alien entered the country illegally or entered legally 
but subsequently violated the terms of his or her visa. 

Deportation — The formal removal of an alien from the 
United States when the presence of that alien is deemed 
inconsistent with the public welfare. Deportation is 
ordered by an immigration judge without any punishment 
being imposed or contemplated. Data for a fiscal year 
cover the deportations verified during that fiscal year. 
Airlines, ship companies, or port officials provide the 
Immigration and Naturalization Service with the 
departure data on aliens who are deported. 



A 3-? 



PPENDIX 3 



Glossary 



Derivative Citizenship — Citizenship conveyed to 
children through the naturalization of parents or, under 
certain circumstances, to spouses of citizens at or 
during marriage or to foreign-born children adopted by 
U.S. citizen parents, provided certain conditions are 
met. 

District — Any one of thirty-three geographic areas into 
which the United States and its territories are divided for 
the Immigration and Naturalization Service's field 
operations or one of three overseas offices located in 
Rome, Bangkok, or Mexico City. Operations are 
supervised by a district director located at a district office 
within the district's geographic boundaries. 

Diversity Transition — A transition towards the 
permanent diversity program in fiscal year 1995, 
allocating 40,000 visas annually during the period 1992- 
94 to nationals of certain countries identified as having 
been "adversely affected" by the Immigration and 
Nationality Act Amendments of 1965 (P.L. 89-236). At 
least 40 percent of the visas must be allocated to natives 
of Ireland. 

Employer Sanctions — The employer sanctions 
provision of the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 
1986 prohibits employers from hiring, recruiting, or 
referring for a fee aliens known to be unauthorized to 
work in the United States. Violators of the law are 
subject to a series of civil fines or criminal penalties when 
there is a pattern or practice of violations. 

Exchange Visitor — An alien coming temporarily to the 
United States as a participant in a program approved by 
the Secretary of State for the purpose of teaching, 
instructing or lecturing, studying, observing, conducting 
research, consulting, demonstrating special skills, or 
receiving training. 

Exclusion — The formal denial of an alien's entry into 
the United States. The exclusion of the alien is made by 
an immigration judge after an exclusion hearing. Data for 
a fiscal year cover the exclusions verified during that 
fiscal year. Airlines, ship companies, or port officials 
provide the Immigration and Naturalization Service with 
the departure data on aliens who are excluded. 



Exempt from the Numerical Cap — Those aliens 
accorded lawful permanent residence who are exempt 
from the provisions of the flexible numerical cap of 
675,000 set by the Immigration Act of 1990. Exempt 
categories include refugees, asylees, Amerasians, 
adjustments under the legalization provisions of the 
Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986, and certain 
parolees from the former Soviet Union and Indochina. 

Extended Voluntary Departure (EVD) — A special 
temporary provision granted administratively to 
designated national groups physically present in the 
United States because the U.S. State Department judged 
conditions in the countries of origin to be "unstable" or 
"uncertain" or to have shown a pattern of "denial of 
rights." Aliens in EVD status are temporarily allowed to 
remain in the United States until conditions in their home 
country change. Certain aliens holding EVD status from 
Afghanistan, Ethiopia, Poland, and Uganda, who have 
resided in the United States since July 1, 1984, were 
eligible to adjust to temporary and then to permanent 
resident status under the legalization program. The term 
"deferred enforced departure" (DED) has replaced EVD 
in general use. 

Fiance(e)s of U.S. Citizen — A nonimmigrant alien 
coming to the United States to conclude a valid marriage 
with a U.S. citizen within ninety days after entry. 

Files Control Office — An Immigration and Naturali- 
zation Service field office — either a district (including 
INS overseas offices) or a suboffice of that district — 
where alien case files are maintained and controlled. 

Fiscal Year — Currently, the twelve-month period 
beginning October 1 and ending September 30. 
Historically, until 1831 and from 1843-49, the twelve- 
month period ending September 30 of the respective year; 
from 1832-42 and 1850-67, ending December 31 of the 
respective year; from 1868-1976, ending June 30 of the 
respective year. The transition quarter (TQ) for 1976 
covers the three-month period, July-September 1976. 

Foreign Government Official — As a nonimmigrant 
class of admission, an alien coming temporarily to the 
United States who has been accredited by a foreign 



A.3-4 



PPENDIX 3 



Glossary 



government to function as an ambassador, public 
minister, career diplomatic or consular officer, other 
accredited official, or an attendant, servant or personal 
employee of an accredited official, and all above 
aliens' spouses and unmarried minor (or dependent) 
children. 

Foreign Information Media Representative — As a 

nonimmigrant class of admission, an alien coming 
temporarily to the United States as a bona fide 
representative of foreign press, radio, film, or other 
foreign information media and the alien's spouse and 
unmarried minor (or dependent) children. 

Foreign Medical School Graduate — An immigrant 
who has graduated from a medical school or has qualified 
to practice medicine in a foreign state, who was licensed 
and practicing medicine on January 9, 1978, and who 
entered the United States as a nonimmigrant on a 
temporary worker or exchange visitor visa before January 
10, 1978. 

Foreign State of Chargeability — The independent 
country to which an immigrant entering under the 
preference system is accredited. No more than 7 percent 
of the family-sponsored and employment-based visas 
may be issued to natives of an independent country in a 
fiscal year. Dependencies of independent countries 
cannot exceed 2 percent of the family-sponsored and 
employment-based visas issued. Since these limits are 
based on visa issuance rather than entries into the United 
States, and immigrant visas are valid for 4 months, there 
is not total correspondence between these two 
occurrences. Chargeability is usually determined by 
country of birth. Exceptions are made to prevent the 
separation of family members when the limitation for the 
country of birth has been met. 

General Naturalization Provisions — The basic 
requirements for naturalization that every applicant must 
meet, unless a member of a special class. General 
provisions require an applicant to be at least 18 years of 
age, a lawful permanent resident with five years of 
continuous residence in the United States, and to have 
been physically present in the country for halt that period. 



Geographic Area of Chargeability — Any one of five 
regions — Africa, East Asia, Latin America and the 
Caribbean, Near East and South Asia, and the former 
Soviet Union and Eastern Europe — into which the world 
is divided for the initial admission of refugees to the 
United States. Annual consultations between the 
Executive Branch and the Congress determine the ceiling 
on the number of refugees who can be admitted to the 
United States from each area. In fiscal year 1987, an 
unallocated reserve was incorporated into the admission 
ceilings. 

Hemispheric Ceilings — Statutory limits on immigration 
to the United States in effect from 1968 to October 1978. 
Mandated by the Immigration and Nationality Act 
Amendments of 1965, the ceiling on immigration from 
the Eastern Hemisphere was set at 170,000, with a per- 
country limit of 20,000. Immigration from the Western 
Hemisphere was held to 120,000, without a per-country 
limit until January 1, 1977. The Western Hemisphere 
was then made subject to a 20,000 per country limit. 
Effective October 1978, the separate hemisphere limits 
were abolished in favor of a worldwide limit of 290,000. 
This limit was lowered to 280,000 for fiscal year 1980, 
and to 270,000 for fiscal years 1981-91. 

Immediate Relatives — Certain immigrants who 
because of their close relationship to U.S. citizens are 
exempt from the numerical limitations imposed on 
immigration to the United States. Immediate relatives 
are: spouses of citizens, children (under 21 years of age) 
of citizens, parents of citizens 21 years of age or older, 
and orphans adopted by citizens who are at least 21 years 
of age. 

Immigrant — An alien admitted to the United States as a 
lawful permanent resident. Immigrants are those persons 
lawfully accorded the privilege of residing permanently in 
the United States. They may be issued immigrant visas 
by the Department of State overseas or adjusted to 
permanent resident status by the Immigration and 
Naturalization Service in the United States. 

Immigration Act of 1990 — Public Law 101-649 (Act of 
November 29, 1990), which increased total immigration 



A.3-5 



Appendix 3 



Glossary 



to the United States under an overall flexible cap, revised 
all grounds for exclusion and deportation, authorized 
temporary protected status to aliens of designated 
countries, revised and established new nonimmigrant 
admission categories; revised and extended the Visa 
Waiver Pilot Program; and revised naturalization 
authority and requirements. 

Immigration Marriage Fraud Amendments of 1986 — 

Public Law 99-639 (Act of 11/10/86), which was passed 
in order to deter immigration-related marriage fraud. Its 
major provision stipulates that aliens deriving their 
immigrant status based on a marriage of less than two 
years are conditional immigrants. To remove their 
conditional status the immigrants must apply at an 
Immigration and Naturalization Service office during the 
90-day period before their second-year anniversary of 
receiving conditional status. If the aliens cannot show 
that the marriage through which the status was obtained 
was and is a valid one, their conditional immigrant status 
is terminated and they become deportable. 

Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA) of 1986 — 

Public Law 99-603 (Act of 1 1/6/86), which was passed in 
order to control and deter illegal immigration to the 
United States. Its major provisions stipulate legalization 
of undocumented aliens, legalization of certain 
agricultural workers, sanctions for employers who 
knowingly hire undocumented workers, and increased 
enforcement at U.S. borders. 

Industrial Trainee — - See Temporary Worker. 

Immigration and Nationality Act — The Act, which 
along with other immigration laws, treaties, and 
conventions of the United States, relates to the 
immigration, exclusion, deportation, or expulsion of aliens. 

International Representative — As a nonimmigrant 
class of admission, an alien coming temporarily to the 
United States as a principal or other accredited 
representative of a foreign government (whether officially 
recognized or not recognized by the United States) to an 
international organization, an international organization 
officer or employee, and all above aliens' spouses and 
unmarried minor (or dependent) children. 



Intracompany Transferee — An alien, employed by an 
international firm or corporation, who seeks to enter the 
United States temporarily in order to continue to work for 
the same employer, or a subsidiary or affiliate, in a 
capacity that is primarily managerial, executive, or 
involves specialized knowledge. 

IRCA — See Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986. 

Labor Certification — Requirement falling on certain 
persons whose immigration to the United States is 
based on job skills or nonimmigrant temporary 
workers (HI and H2 categories) coming to perform 
services unavailable in the United States. Labor 
certification is awarded by the Secretary of Labor when 
there are insufficient numbers of U.S. workers available 
to undertake the employment sought by an applicant and 
when the alien's employment will not have an adverse 
effect on the wages and working conditions of U.S. 
workers similarly employed. Determination of labor 
availability in the United States is made at the time of a 
visa application and at the location where the applicant 
wishes to work. 

Legalization Dependents — A maximum of 55,000 
visas were issued to spouses and children of aliens 
legalized under the provisions of the Immigration Reform 
and Control Act of 1986 in each of fiscal years 1992-94. 

Legalized Aliens — Certain illegal aliens who were 
eligible to apply for temporary resident status under the 
legalization provision of the Immigration Reform and 
Control Act of 1986. To be eligible, aliens must have 
continuously resided in the United States in an unlawful 
status since January 1, 1982, not be excludable, and have 
entered the United States either 1) illegally before 
January 1, 1982 or 2) as temporary visitors before 
January 1, 1982, with their authorized stay expiring 
before that date or with the Government's knowledge of 
their unlawful status before that date. Legalization 
consists of two stages — temporary and then permanent 
residency. In order to adjust to permanent status aliens 
must have had continuous residence in the United States, 
be admissible as an immigrant, and demonstrate at least a 
minimal understanding and knowledge of the English 
language and U.S. history and government. 



A. 1-6 



PPENDIX 3 



Glossary 



Median Age — The age which divides the population 
into two equal-sized groups, one younger and one older 
than the median. 

Medical and Legal Parolee — See Parolee. 

Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs) — The general 
concept of an MSA is one of a large population nucleus 
together with adjacent communities which have a high 
degree of social and economic integration with that 
nucleus. Tabulations in the Statistical Yearbook include 
Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs), Primary 
Metropolitan Statistical Areas (PMSAs), and New 
England County Metropolitan Areas (NECMAs). MSAs 
and PSAs are defined by the Office of Management and 
Budget. PMSAs are components of larger metropolitan 
complexes called Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical 
Areas (CMSAs), which are not displayed in the 
Yearbook. 



National 

state. 



A person owing permanent allegiance to a 



Nationality — The country of a person's citizenship. For 
nonimmigrant data, citizenship refers to the alien's 
reported country of citizenship. 

NATO Official — As a nonimmigrant class of 
admission, an alien coming temporarily to the United 
States as a member of the armed forces or as a civilian 
employed by the armed forces on assignment with a 
foreign government signatory to NATO (North Atlantic 
Treaty Organization), and the alien's spouse and 
unmarried minor (or dependent) children. 

Naturalization — The conferring, by any means, of 
citizenship upon a person after birth. 

Naturalization Court — Any court authorized to award 
U.S. citizenship. Jurisdiction for naturalization has been 
conferred upon the following courts: U.S. District Courts 
of all states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico; 
the District Courts of Guam and the Virgin Islands; and 
state courts. Generally, naturalization courts are 
authorized to award citizenship only to those persons who 
reside within their territorial jurisdiction. 



Naturalization Petition — The form used by a lawful 
permanent resident to apply for U.S. citizenship. The 
petition is filed with a naturalization court through the 
Immigration and Naturalization Service. 

New Arrival — A lawful permanent resident alien who 
enters the United States at a port of entry. The alien is 
generally required to present an immigrant visa issued 
outside the United States by a consular officer of the 
Department of State. Three classes of immigrants, 
however, need not have an immigrant visa to enter the 
United States— children born abroad to lawful permanent 
resident aliens, children born subsequent to the issuance 
of an immigrant visa to accompanying parents, and 
American Indians born in Canada. 

Nonimmigrant — An alien who seeks temporary 
entry to the United States for a specific purpose. The 
alien must have a permanent residence abroad (for 
most classes of admission) and qualify for the 
nonimmigrant classification sought. The non- 
immigrant classifications are: foreign government 
officials, visitors for business and for pleasure, aliens 
in transit through the United States, treaty traders and 
investors, students, international representatives, 
temporary workers and trainees, representatives of 
foreign information media, exchange visitors, 
fiance(e)s of U.S. citizens, intracompany transferees, 
and NATO officials. Most nonimmigrants can be 
accompanied or joined by spouses and unmarried 
minor (or dependent) children. Although refugees, 
parolees, withdrawals, and stowaways are processed 
as nonimmigrants upon arrival to the United States, 
these classes, as well as crewmen, are not included in 
nonimmigrant admission data. See other sections of 
Glossary for detailed descripuons of classes of 
nonimmigrant admission. 

Nonpreference Category — Nonpreference visas were 
available to qualified applicants nol entitled to one under 
the other preferences until the category was eliminated 
by the Immigration Act of 1990. Nonpreference visas 
for persons not entitled to the other preferences had not 
been available since September 1978 because of high 
demand in the preference categories. An additional 
5,000 nonpreference visas were available in each of 



A.3-7 



.PPENDIX 3 



Glossary 



fiscal years 1987 and 1988 under a provision of the 
Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986. This 
program was extended into 1989, 1990, and 1991 with 
15,000 visas issued each year. Aliens born in countries 
from which immigration was adversely affected by the 
Immigration and Nationality Act Amendments of 1965 
(Public Law 89-236) were eligible for the special 
nonpreference visas. 

North American Free-Trade Agreement (NAFTA) — 

Public Law 103-182 (Act of 12/8/93), superseded the 
United States-Canada Free-Trade Agreement as of 1/1/94. 
Continues the special, reciprocal trading relationship 
between the United States and Canada (see United States- 
Canada Free-Trade Agreement), and establishes a similar 
relationship with Mexico. See Appendix 1, Act of 
December 8, 1993, for specific provisions. 

Nursing Relief Act of 1989 — Public Law 101-238 (Act 
of 12/18/89), provides for the adjustment to permanent 
resident status of certain nonimmigrants who as of 
September 1, 1989, had H-l nonimmigrant status as 
registered nurses; who had been employed in that capacity 
for at least 3 years; and whose continued nursing 
employment meets certain labor certification requirements. 
It also provides for a 5-year pilot program for admission of 
nonimmigrant nurses under the H-l A category. 

Occupation — For an alien entering the United States or 
adjusting without a labor certification, occupation refers 
to the employment held in the country of last or legal 
residence or in the United States. For an alien with a 
labor certification, occupation is the employment for 
which certification has been issued. 

Orphan — For immigration purposes, a child whose 
parents have died or disappeared, or who has been 
abandoned or otherwise separated from both parents. An 
orphan may also be a child whose sole surviving parent is 
incapable of providing that child with proper care and 
who has, in writing, irrevocably released the child for 
emigration and adoption. In order to qualify as an 
immediate relative, the orphan must be under the age of 
sixteen at the time a petition is filed on his or her behalf. 
To enter the United States, an orphan must have been 
adopted abroad by a U.S. citizen or be coming to the 
United States for adoption by a citizen. 



Panama Canal Act Immigrants — Three categories of 
special immigrants established by Public Law 96-70 (Act 
of 9/27/79): 1) certain former employees of the Panama 
Canal Company or Canal Zone Government, their spouses 
and children; 2) certain former employees of the U.S. 
government in the Panama Canal Zone, their spouses and 
children; and 3) certain former employees of the Panama 
Canal Company or Canal Zone Government on April 1, 
1979, their spouses and children. The Act provides for 
admission of a maximum of 15,000 immigrants, at a rate 
of no more than 5,000 each year. They are not, however, 
subject to the worldwide limitation. 

Parolee — An alien, appearing to be inadmissible to the 
inspecting officer, allowed to enter the United States 
under emergency (humanitarian) conditions or when that 
alien's entry is determined to be in the public interest. 
Parole does not constitute a formal admission to the 
United States and confers temporary admission status 
only, requiring parolees to leave when the conditions 
supporting their parole cease to exist. Although these 
aliens are processed as nonimmigrants upon arrival, 
parolees are not included in nonimmigrant admission 
data. Types of parolees include: 

1 ) Deferred inspection — Parole may be granted to an alien 
who appears not to be clearly admissible to the inspecting 
officer. An appointment will be made for the alien's 
appearance at another Service office where more information 
is available and the inspection can be completed. 

2) Advance parole — authorized at an INS District office 
in advance of alien's arrival. 

3) Port of entry parole — authorized at the port upon 
alien's arrival. 

4) Humanitarian parole — authorized at INS 
headquarters, e.g., granted to an alien who has a serious 
medical condition which would make detention or 
immediate return inappropriate. 

5) Public interest parole — authorized at INS 
headquarters, e.g., granted to an alien who is a witness in 
legal proceedings or is subject to prosecution in the 
United States. 

6) Overseas parole — authorized at an INS District or 
suboffice while the alien is still overseas. 

Per-Country Limit — The maximum number of family- 
sponsored and employment-based preference visas that 



A.3-8 



Appendix 3 



Glossary 



can be issued to any country in a fiscal year. The limits 
are calculated each fiscal year depending on the total 
number of family-sponsored and employment-based visas 
available. No more than 7 percent of the visas may be 
issued to natives of an independent country in a fiscal 
year; dependencies of independent countries cannot 
exceed 2 percent. The per-country limit does not 
indicate, however, that a country is entitled to the 
maximum number of visas each year, just that it cannot 
receive more than that number. Because of the combined 
workings of the preference system and per-country limits, 
most countries do not reach this level of visa issuance. 

Permanent Resident Alien — See Immigrant. 

Port of Entry — Any location in the United States or its 
territories which is designated as a point of entry for 
aliens and U.S. citizens. All district and files control 
offices are also considered ports since they become 
locations of entry for aliens adjusting to immigrant 
status. 

Preinspection — Complete immigration inspection of 
airport passengers before departure from a foreign 
country. No further immigration inspection is required 
upon arrival in the United States other than submission of 
INS Form 1-94 for nonimmigrant aliens. 

Preference System (prior to fiscal year 1992) — The 

six categories among which 270,000 immigrant visa 
numbers are distributed each year during the period 
1981-91. This preference system was amended by the 
Immigration Act of 1990, effective fiscal year 1992. 
(See Preference System (Immigration Act of 1990).) 
The six categories were: unmarried sons and daughters 
(over 21 years of age) of U.S. citizens (20 percent); 
spouses and unmarried sons and daughters of aliens 
lawfully admitted for permanent residence (26 percent); 
members of the professions or persons of exceptional 
ability in the sciences and arts (10 percent); married sons 
and daughters of U.S. citizens (10 percent); brothers and 
sisters of U.S. citizens over 21 years of age (24 percent); 
and needed skilled or unskilled workers (10 percent). A 
nonpreference category, historically open to immigrants 
not entitled to a visa number under one of the six 
preferences just listed, had no numbers available 
beginning in September 1978. 



Preference System (Immigration Act of 1990) — The 

nine categories since fiscal year 1992 among which the 
family-sponsored and employment-based immigrant 
preference visas are distributed. The family-sponsored 
preferences are: 1) unmarried sons and daughters of U.S. 
citizens; 2) spouses, children, and unmarried sons and 
daughters of permanent resident aliens; 3) married sons 
and daughters of U.S. citizens; 4) brothers and sisters of 
U.S. citizens. The employment-based preferences are: 1) 
priority workers (persons of extraordinary ability, 
outstanding professors and researchers, and certain 
multinational executives and managers); 2) professionals 
with advanced degrees or aliens with exceptional ability; 
3) skilled workers, professionals (without advanced 
degrees), and needed unskilled workers; 4) special 
immigrants; and 5) employment creation immigrants 
(investors). The number of visas issued annually may 
vary; they are described in Appendix 2. 

Principal Alien — The alien from whom another alien 
derives a privilege or status under immigration law or 
regulations (usually spouses and minor children). 

Refugee — Any person who is outside his or her country 
of nationality who is unable or unwilling to return to that 
country because of persecution or a well-founded fear of 
persecution. Persecution or the fear thereof may be based 
on the alien's race, religion, nationality, membership in a 
particular social group, or political opinion. People with 
no nationality must be outside their country of last habitual 
residence to qualify as a refugee. Refugees are exempt 
from numerical limitation (though worldwide ceilings by 
geographic area are set annually by the President) and are 
eligible to adjust to lawful permanent residence after one 
year of continuous presence in the United States. 
Although these aliens are considered nonimmigrants when 
initially admitted to the United States, refugees are not 
included in nonimmigrant admission data. 

Refugee Approvals — The number of refugees approved 
for admission to the United States during a fiscal year. 
Refugee approvals are made by Immigration and 
Naturalization Service officers in overseas offices. 

Refugee Arrivals — The number of refugees the 
Immigration and Naturalization Service initially admits to 
the United States through ports of entry during a fiscal year. 



A.3-9 



.PPENDIX 3 



Glossary 



Refugee Authorized Admissions — The maximum 
number of refugees allowed to enter the United States in a 
given fiscal year. As set forth in the Refugee Act of 1980 
(Public Law 96-212) the annual figure is determined by 
the President after consultations with Congress. 

Refugee-Parolee — A qualified applicant for conditional 
entry, between February 1970 and April 1980, whose 
application for admission to the United States could not 
be approved because of inadequate numbers of seventh 
preference visas. As a result, the applicant was paroled 
into the United States under the parole authority granted 
the Attorney General. 

Region — Any one of three areas of the United States 
into which the Immigration and Naturalization Service 
divides jurisdiction for operational purposes — Eastern 
Region, Central Region, and Western Region. 

Registry Date — Aliens who have continuously resided 
in the United States in an unlawful status since January 1, 
1972 are eligible to adjust to legal permanent resident 
status under the registry provision. Before the date was 
amended by the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 
1986, aliens had to have been in the country continuously 
since June 30, 1948 to qualify. 

Required Departure — The directed departure of an alien 
from the United States without an order of deportation. 
The departure may be voluntary or involuntary on the part 
of the alien, and may or may not have been preceded by a 
hearing before an immigration judge. Data for a fiscal 
year cover the required departures verified in that fiscal 
year. Airlines, ship companies, or port officials provide 
the Immigration and Naturalization Service with the 
departure data on aliens required to depart. 

Special Agricultural Workers (SAW) — Aliens who 
performed labor in perishable agricultural commodities 
for a specified period of time and were admitted for 
temporary and then permanent residence under a 
provision of the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 
1986. Up to 350,000 aliens who worked at least 90 days 
in each of the 3 years preceding May 1, 1986 were 
eligible for Group I temporary resident status. Eligible 
aliens who qualified under this requirement but applied 
after the 350,000 limit was met and aliens who performed 

A. 3-10 



labor in perishable agricultural commodities for at least 
90 days during the year ending May 1, 1986 were eligible 
for Group II temporary resident status. Adjustment to 
permanent resident status is essentially automatic for both 
groups; however, aliens in Group I were eligible on 
December 1, 1989 and those in Croup II were eligible one 
year later on December 1, 1990. 

Special Immigrants — Certain categories of immigrants 
who were exempt from numerical limitation before fiscal 
year 1992 and subject to limitation under the 
employment-based fourth preference beginning in 1992: 
persons who lost citizenship by marriage; persons who 
lost citizenship by serving in foreign armed forces; 
ministers of religion, their spouses and children; certain 
employees and former employees of the U.S. Government 
abroad, their spouses and children; Panama Canal Act 
immigrants; certain foreign medical school graduates, 
their spouses and children; certain retired employees of 
international organizations, their spouses and children; 
juvenile court dependents; certain aliens serving in the 
U.S. Armed Forces, their spouses and children; and 
religious workers, their spouses and children. 

Special Naturalization Provisions — Provisions 
covering special classes of persons who may be 
naturalized even though they do not meet all the general 
requirements for naturalization. Such special provisions 
allow: 1) wives or husbands of U.S. citizens to be 
naturalized in three years instead of the prescribed five 
years; 2) a surviving spouse of a U.S. citizen who served 
in the armed forces to file in any naturalization court 
instead of where he/she resides; 3) children of U.S. 
citizen parents to be naturalized without meeting the 
literacy or civics requirements or taking the oath, if too 
young to understand the meaning. Other classes of 
persons who may qualify for special consideration are 
former U.S. citizens, servicemen, seamen, and employees 
of organizations promoting U.S. interests abroad. 

Stateless — Having no nationality. 

Stowaway — An alien coming to the United States 
surreptitiously on an airplane or vessel without legal 
status of admission. Such an alien is subject to denial of 
formal admission and return to the point of embarkation 
by the transportation carrier. 



.PPENDIX 3 



Glossary 



Student — As a nonimmigrant class of admission, an 
alien coming temporarily to the United States to pursue a 
full course of study in an approved program in either an 
academic (college, university, seminary, conservatory, 
academic high school, elementary school, other 
institution, or language training program) or a vocational 
or other recognized nonacademic institution. 

Subject to the Numerical Cap — Those aliens accorded 
lawful permanent residence who are subject to the 
provisions of the flexible numerical cap of 675,000 set by 
the Immigration Act of 1990. Categories subject to the 
limit include 480,000 family-sponsored immigrants 
(including a minimum of 226,000 family-sponsored 
preference immigrants and an unlimited number of 
immediate relatives of U.S. citizens); 55,000 diversity 
immigrants; and 140,000 employment-based preference 
immigrants. The cap can be "pierced" if the number of 
immediate relatives admitted exceeds 254,000. See 
Appendix 2 for a discussion of the limits. 

Suspension of Deportation — A discretionary benefit 
adjusting an alien's status from that of deportable alien to 
one lawfully admitted for permanent residence. Application 
for suspension of deportation is made during the course of 
a deportation hearing before an immigration judge. 

Temporary Protected Status (TPS) — Establishes a 
legislative base to the administrative practice of allowing a 
group of persons temporary refuge in the United States. 
Under a provision of the Immigration Act of 1990, the 
Attorney General may designate nationals of a foreign state 
to be eligible for TPS with a finding that conditions in that 
country pose a danger to personal safety due to ongoing 
armed conflict or an environmental disaster. Grants of TPS 
are initially made for periods of 6 to 18 months and may be 
extended depending on the situation. The legislation 
designated El Salvador as the first country to qualify for this 
program. Deportation proceedings are suspended against 
aliens while they are in Temporary Protected Status. 

Temporary Resident — See Nonimmigrant. 

Temporary Worker — An alien worker coming to the 
United States to work for a temporary period of time. The 
Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986, the 
Immigration Nursing Relief Act of 1989, and the 
Immigration Act of 1990 revised existing classes and 



created new classes of nonimmigrant admission. 
Nonimmigrant worker classes of admission are as follows: 

1) H-1A — registered nurses; 

2) H-1B — workers with "specialty occupations" 
admitted on the basis of professional education, skills, 
and/or equivalent experience; 

3) H-2A — temporary agricultural workers coming to the 
United States to perform agricultural services or labor of 
a temporary or seasonal nature when services are 
unavailable in the United States; 

4) H-2B — temporary non-agricultural workers coming to 
the United States to perform temporary services or labor 
if unemployed persons capable of performing the service 
or labor cannot be found in the United States; 

5) H-3 — aliens coming temporarily to the United States 
as trainees, other than to receive graduate medical 
education or training; 

6) O-l, 0-2, 0-3 — temporary workers with extra- 
ordinary ability or achievement in the sciences, arts, 
education, business, or athletics; those entering solely for 
the purpose of accompanying and assisting such workers; 
and their spouses and children; 

7) P-l, P-2, P-3, P-4— athletes and entertainers at an 
internationally recognized level of performance; artists 
and entertainers under a reciprocal exchange program; 
artists and entertainers under a program that is "culturally 
unique;" and their spouses and children; 

8) Q — participants in international cultural exchange 
programs; 

9) R-l, R-2 — temporary workers to perform work in 
religious occupations and their spouses and children. 
Temporary visitors in the Exchange Visitor, Intracompany 
Transferee, and U.S. -Canada or North American Free-Trade 
Agreement classes of nonimmigrant admission also are granted 
authorization to work temporarily in the United States. See 
other sections of this Glossary for definitions of these classes. 

Transit Alien — An alien in immediate and continuous 
transit through the United States, with or without a visa, 
including, 1) aliens who qualify as persons entitled to 
pass in transit to and from the United Nations 
Headquarters District and foreign countries and 2) 
foreign government officials and their spouses and 
unmarried minor (or dependent) children in transit. 

A. 3- 11 



.PPENDIX 3 



Glossary 



Transition Quarter — The three-month period — July 1 
through September 30, 1976 — between fiscal year 1976 
and fiscal year 1977. At that time, the fiscal year 
definition shifted from July 1-June 30 to October 1- 
September 30. 

Transit Without Visa (TWOV) — A transit alien 
traveling without a nonimmigrant visa under section 238 
of the immigration law. An alien admitted under 
agreements with a transportation line, which guarantees 
his immediate and continuous passage to a foreign 
destination. (See Transit Alien.) 

Treaty Trader or Investor — As a nonimmigrant 
class of admission, an alien coming temporarily to the 
United States, under the provisions of a treaty of 
commerce and navigation between the United States 
and the foreign state of such alien, to carry on 
substantial trade or to direct the operations of an 
enterprise in which he has invested a substantial amount 
of capital, and the alien's spouse and unmarried minor 
(or dependent) children. 

Underrepresented Countries, Natives of — The 

Immigration Amendments of 1988, Public Law 101-658 
(Act of 11/5/88) allows for 10,000 visas to be issued to 
natives of underrepresented countries in each of fiscal 
years 1990 and 1991. Under-represented countries are 
defined as countries which received less than 25 percent 
of the maximum allowed under the country limitations 
(20,000 for independent countries and 5,000 for 
dependencies) in fiscal year 1988. 

United States-Canada Free-Trade Agreement — 

Public Law 100-449 (Act of 9/28/88) established a 
special, reciprocal trading relationship between the 
United States and Canada. It provided two new classes 
of nonimmigrant admission for temporary visitors to the 
United States — Canadian citizen business persons and 
their spouses and unmarried minor children. Entry is 
facilitated for visitors seeking classification as visitors for 



business, treaty traders or investors, intracompany 
transferees, or other business people engaging in 
activities at a professional level. Such visitors are not 
required to obtain nonimmigrant visas, prior petitions, 
labor certifications, or prior approval but must satisfy the 
inspecting officer they are seeking entry to engage in 
activities at a professional level and that they are so 
qualified. The United States-Canada Free-Trade 
Agreement was superseded by the North American Free- 
Trade Agreement (NAFTA) as of 1/1/94. (See North 
American Free-Trade Agreement.) 

Visa Waiver Pilot Program — Allows citizens of 
certain selected countries, traveling temporarily to the 
United States under the nonimmigrant admission classes 
of visitors for pleasure and visitors for business, to enter 
the United States without obtaining nonimmigrant visas. 
Admission is for no more than 90 days. The program 
was instituted by the Immigration Reform and Control 
Act of 1986 (entries began 7/1/88) and extended through 
fiscal year 1997 by subsequent legislation. Currently, 
there are 25 countries participating in this program. 

Under the Visa Waiver Pilot Program, certain visitors 
from designated countries may visit Guam for up to 15 
days without first having to obtain a nonimmigrant 
visitor visa. Currently, there are 16 countries 
participating in this program. 

Withdrawal — An alien's voluntary removal of an 
application for admission to the United States in lieu of 
an exclusion hearing before an immigration judge. 
Although these aliens are technically considered 
nonimmigrants when applying for entry, withdrawals are 
not included in the nonimmigrant admission data. 

Worldwide Ceiling — The numerical limit imposed on 
immigration visa issuance worldwide beginning in fiscal 
year 1979 and ending in fiscal year 1991. The ceiling in 
1991 was 270,000 visa numbers. Prior to enactment of 
Public Law 96-212 on March 17, 1980, the worldwide 
ceiling was 290,000. 



A.3-12 



.PPENDIX 4 



Data Sources 



Data Series 



Form Number and Title 



Immigrants 

♦ New arrivals (except children born subsequent 
to issuance of immigrant visa to accompanying 
alien parents; children born to lawful permanent 
resident aliens during temporary visits abroad; 
and American Indians born in Canada) 

♦ Adjustments (and special new arrival cases listed 
above) 

Naturalizations 



Nonimmigrants 

Deportations 

Required Departures 

Exclusions 



Performance Analysis 
Refugees 

Asylees 

Apprehensions 



OF-155 — (State Dept.) Immigrant Visa and Alien 

Registration 
OF-230 — (State Dept.) Application for Immigrant 

Visa and Alien Registration 

1-181 — Memorandum of Creation of Record of 
Lawful Permanent Residence 

N-400 — Application to File Petition for Naturalization 
N-402 — Application to File Petition for Naturalization 

in Behalf of Child 
N-405 — Petition for Naturalization 
N-480 — Naturalization Petitions Recommended to 

be Granted 

1-94 — Arrival / Departure Record 

I-94W — Visa Waiver Arrival / Departure Form 

1-154 — Deportation Docket Control Card 

1-154 — Deportation Docket Control Card 
1-161 — Record of Required Departure Authorized 
Prior to OSC Issuance 

1-259 — Notice to Detain, Deport, Remove, or 

Present Aliens 
1-275 — Notice of Withdrawal of Application for 

Admission to the United States 
1-295 — Notice of Decision (of Immigration Judge) 
1-296 — Notice of Alien Ordered Excluded by 

Immigration Judge 

G-23 — Report of Field Operations 

G-319 — Report of Applicants for Refugee Status 

under Section 207, INA 
1-94 — Arrival/Departure Record 
1-590 — Registration for Classification as Refugee 

1-589 — Request for Asylum in the United States 
1-213 — Record of Deportable Alien 



A.4- 



.PPENDIX 5 



Table Genealogy 

1995 

Immigrants 

1. Immigration to the United States (historical ') 

2. Immigration by region and country of last residence (historical ') 

3. Immigrants admitted by region and country of birth (historical ') 

4. Immigrants admitted by type and class of admission (historical ') 

5. Immigrants admitted by region of birth and type and class of admission 

6. Immigrants admitted by class of admission and foreign state of chargeability under the preference categories 

7. Immigrants admitted by type of admission and country of birth 

8. Immigrants admitted by class of admission and country of birth 

9. Immigrants admitted by class of admission and country of last permanent residence 

10. Immigrants adjusted to permanent resident status by status at entry and country of birth 

1 1 . Immigrants admitted in current fiscal year by calendar year of entry, type of admission, and country of birth 

12. Immigrants admitted by age, and sex (historical ') 

13. Immigrants admitted by country of birth, age, and sex 

14. Immigrants admitted by marital status, age, and sex 

15. Immigrant-orphans adopted by U.S. citizens by sex, age, and country of birth 

16. Immigrant new arrivals by port of entry and country of birth 

17. Immigrants admitted by country of birth and state of intended residence 

18. Immigrants admitted by state of intended residence (historical ') 

19. Immigrants admitted by country of birth and metropolitan statistical area of intended residence 

20. Immigrant beneficiaries of occupational preferences admitted by type of admission and occupation 

21. Immigrants admitted by major occupation group and country of birth 

Refugees, Asylees 

22. Refugee-status applications (historical ') 

23. Refugee-status applications by geographic area and country of chargeability 

24. Refugee approvals and admissions by geographic area of chargeability (historical ') 

25. Refugee arrivals into the United States by country of citizenship (historical ') 

26. Refugees granted permanent resident status in current fiscal year by calendar year of entry and country of birth 

27. Asylum cases filed with INS District Directors and Asylum Officers (historical ') 

28. Number of individuals granted asylum by INS District Directors and Asylum Officers by nationality: (historical ') 



A.5-2 



.PPENDIX 5 



Table Genealogy 



1994 


1993 


1992 


1991 


1990 


1989 


1988 


1987 


1986 


1985 










Immigrants 










1 


1 


1 


1 


i 


1 


1 


1 


1 


IMM 1.1 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


IMM 1.2 


3 


3 


3 


3 


3 


3 


3 


3 


3 


IMM 1.3 


4 


4 


4 


4 


4 


4 


4 


4 


4 


IMM 1.5 


5 


5 


5 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


6 


6 


6 


5 


5 


5 


5 


5 


5 


IMM 2.1 


7 


7 


7 


6 


6 


6 


6 


6 


6 


IMM 2.2 


8 


8 


8 


7 


7 


7 


7 


7 


7 


IMM 2.3 


9 


9 


9 


8 


8 


8 


8 


8 


8 


IMM 2.4 


10 


10 


9 


9 


9 


9 


9 


9 


9 


IMM 3.2 


11 


11 


11 


10 


10 


10 


10 


10 


10 


IMM 3.3 


12 


12 


12 


11 


11 


11 


11 


11 


11 


IMM 4.1 


13 


13 


13 


12 


12 


12 


12 


12 


12 


IMM 4.3 


14 


14 


14 


13 


13 


13 


13 


13 


13 


IMM 4.2 2 


15 


15 


15 


14 


14 


14 


14 


14 


14 


IMM 2.5 ' 


16 


16 


16 


15 


15 


15 


15 


15 


15 


IMM 5.1 ' 


17 


17 


17 


16 


16 


16 


16 


16 


16 


NA 


18 


18 


18 


17 


17 


17 


17 


17 


17 


IMM 5.2 


19 


19 


19 


18 


18 


18 


18 


18 


NA 


IMM 5.3 


20 


20 


20 


19 


19 


19 


19 


19 


19 


IMM 6.6 


21 


21 


21 


20 


20 

Refugees 


20 
, ASYLEES 


20 


20 


18 


IMM 6. 1 


23 


23 


23 


24 


24 


24 


23 


23 


20 


NA 


24 


24 


24 


25 


25 


25 


24 


24 


21 


REF 1 .3 


25 


25 


25 


26 


26 


26 


25 


25 


22 


REF1.1 


26 


26 


26 


27 


27 


27 


26 


26 


23 


REF 2.2 


27 


27 


27 


28 


28 


28 


27 


27 


24 


REF 5.2 


28 


28 


28 


NA 


29 s 


31 5 


30' 


30' 


27' 


NA 


29 


29 


29 


NA 


30' 


32' 


31' 


31 ' 


28' 


NA 



A.5 \ 



.PPENDIX 5 



Table Genealogy 

1995 

Refugees, Asylees 

29. Asylum cases filed with INS Asylum Officers by selected nationality 

30. Asylum cases filed with INS Asylum Officers by asylum office and state of residence 

31. Refugees and asylees granted permanent resident status by enactment (historical ') 

32. Refugees and asylees granted permanent resident status by country of birth (historical ') 

33. Refugees and asylees granted permanent resident status by age and sex (historical ') 

34. Refugees and asylees granted permanent resident status by country of birth (historical ') 

35. Refugees and asylees granted permanent resident status by country of birth and metropolitan statistical area of residence 

36. Refugees and asylees granted permanent resident status by state of residence (historical ') 

Nonimmigrants 

37. Nonimmigrants admitted by class of admission and country of last residence (historical ') 

38. Nonimmigrants admitted by class of admission and country of citizenship 

39. Nonimmigrants admitted by class of admission (historical ') 

40. Nonimmigrants admitted as temporary workers, exchange visitors, and intracompany transferees by country 

of citizenship 

41. Nonimmigrants admitted by port of entry and country of citizenship 

42. Nonimmigrants admitted by age and country of citizenship 

43. Nonimmigrants admitted by class of admission and state of intended residence 

Naturalizations 

44. Petitions for naturalization filed, persons naturalized, and petitions for naturalization denied (historical ') 

45. Persons naturalized by general and special naturalization provisions (historical ') 

46. Persons naturalized by naturalization provisions and country of former allegiance 

47. Persons naturalized by country of former allegiance (historical ') 

48. Persons naturalized by sex, marital status, and major occupation (historical ') 

49. Persons naturalized by state of residence (historical ') 

50. Persons naturalized by country of former allegiance and state of residence 

5 1 . Persons naturalized by country of former allegiance and metropolitan area of residence 

52. Persons naturalized by major occupation group and country of former allegiance 

53. Persons naturalized in current fiscal year by calendar year of entry and country of birth 

54. Persons naturalized by country of former allegiance, age, and sex 

A.5-4 



PPENDIX 5 



Table Genealogy 



1994 


1993 


1992 


1991 


1990 


1989 


1988 


1987 


1986 


1985 










Refugees 


i, ASYLEES 










30 


30 


30 


NA 


31 5 


33 5 


32' 


32' 


29' 


NA 


31 


31 


31 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


32 


32 


32 


29 


33 


38 


37 


37 


34 


REF4.1 


33 


33 


33 


30 


34 


39 


38 


38 


35 


REF 4.2 > 


34 


34 


34 


31 


35 


7 


7 


7 


7 


7 


35 


35 


35 


32 


36 


40 


39 


39 


36 


REF 4.3 


37 


37 


37 


34 


38 


42 


41 


40 


NA 


NA 


36 


36 


36 


33 


37 


41 


40 


NA 


NA 


NA 










Nonimmigrants 










38 


38 


38 


35 


39 


43 


42 


41 


37 


NIM 1.0 


39 


39 


39 


36 


40 


44 


43 


42 


38 


NIM 1.1 


40 


40 


40 


37 


41 


45 


44 


43 


39 


NIM 2.1 


41 


41 


41 


38 


42 


46 


45 


44 


40 


NIM 5.1 


42 


42 


42 


39 


43 


47 


46 


45 


41 


NIM 3.1 


43 


43 


43 


40 


44 


48 


47 


46 


42 


NIM 4.1 


44 


44 


44 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 










Naturalizations 










45 


45 


45 


41 


45 


49 


48 


47 


43 


NAT 1.1 


46 


46 


46 


42 


46 


50 


49 


48 


44 


NAT 1.2 


47 


47 


47 


43 


47 


51 


50 


49 


45 


NAT 2.1 


48 


48 


48 


44 


48 


52 


51 


50 


46 


NAT 1.3 


49 


49 


49 


45 


49 


53 


52 


51 


47 


NAT 3.3 


50 


50 


50 


46 


50 


54 


53 


52 


48 


NAT 4.1 


51 


51 


51 


47 


51 


55 


54 


53 


49 


NAT 4.2 


52 


52 


52 


48 


52 


56 


55 


54 


NA 


NAT 4.3 


53 


53 


53 


49 


53 


57 


56 


55 


50 


NAT 5.1 


54 


54 


54 


50 


54 


58 


57 


56 


51 


NAT 5.2 


55 


55 


55 


51 


55 


59 


58 


57 


52 


NAT 3.2 



A.5-5 



PPENDIX 5 



Table Genealogy 



1995 

Naturalizations 

55. Persons naturalized by age, and sex (historical ') 

56. Naturalization rates through current fiscal year of immigrants admitted in fiscal year 1977 by major class of admission 

and occupation 

57. Naturalization rates through current fiscal year of immigrants admitted in fiscal year 1977 by country of birth 

Enforcement 

58. Aliens apprehended and expelled (historical ') 

59. Deportable aliens located by status at entry and country of nationality 

60. Aliens excluded by cause (historical ') 

61. Aliens excluded by cause (historical ') 

62. Aliens excluded by country of birth (historical ') 

63. Aliens under docket control required to depart by country of nationality (historical ') 

64. Aliens under docket control required to depart by cause and country of nationality (historical ') 

65. Aliens deported by cause (historical ') 

66. Aliens deported by cause (historical ') 

67. Aliens deported by country of nationality (historical ') 

68. Aliens deported by country to which deported (historical ') 

69. Aliens deported by cause and country of nationality 

70. Aliens deported and under docket control required to depart by status at entry (historical ') 

71. Aliens deported and expelled by region and district office 

72. Service participation in the control of marijuana, narcotics, and dangerous drug traffic (historical ') 

73. Principal activities and accomplishments of the Border Patrol (historical ') 

Entries, Litigation, Legal Activity 

74. Prosecutions, fines, and imprisonment for immigration and nationality violations (historical ') 

75. Convictions for immigration and nationality violations (historical ') 

76. Writs of habeas corpus, judicial review of orders of deportation, and declaratory judgements in exclusion and 

deportation cases (historical ') 

77. Private immigration and nationality bills introduced and laws enacted by Congress (historical ') 

1 Historical tables show data for a number of years, which may vary in each edition of the Yearbook. 2 Data not shown by age; 
shown by major occupation group. ' Data not shown by sex and age; shown by adoption category. 4 Data not shown by country of 
birth. ' Excludes cases filed with Asylum Officers; Asylum Offices established for fiscal year 1992. 6 Data shown for refugees only. 



A.5-6 



PPENDIX 5 



Table Genealogy 



1994 


1993 


1992 


1991 


1990 


1989 


1988 


1987 


1986 


1985 










Naturalizations 










56 


56 


56 


52 


56 


60 


59 


58 


53 


NAT 3.1 


57 


57 


57 


53 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


58 


58 


58 


54 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 










Enforcement 










59 


59 


59 


55 


57 


61 


60 


59 


54 


ENF 1.1 


60 


60 


60 


56 


58 


62 


61 


60 


55 


ENF1.2 


61 


61 


61 


57 


59 


63 


62 


61 


56 


ENF 2.1 


62 


62 


62 


57 


59 


63 


62 


61 


56 


ENF 2.1 


63 


63 


63 


58 


60 


64 


63 


62 


57 


ENF 2.2 " 


64 


64 


64 


59 


61 


65 


64 


63 


58 


NA 


65 


65 


65 


60 


62 


66 


65 


64 


59 


ENF 3.2 


66 


66 


66 


61 


63 


67 


66 


65 


60 


ENF 4.3 


67 


67 


67 


61 


63 


67 


66 


65 


60 


ENF 4.3 


68 


68 


68 


62 


64 


68 


67 ' 


66" 


61' 


NA 


69 


69 


69 


63 


65 


69 


68 


67 


62 


ENF 4.4 


70 


70 


70 


64 


66 


70 


69 


68 


63 


ENF 4.2 


71 


71 


71 


65 


67 


71 


70 


69 


64 


ENF 4.6 


72 


72 


72 


66 


68 


72 


71 


70 


65 


ENF 4.8 


73 


73 


73 


67 


69 


73 


72 


71 


66 


ENF 5.1 


74 


74 


74 


68 


70 


74 


73 


72 


67 


ENF 5.2 








Entries, 


Litigation, Legal Activity 








75 


76 


76 


70 


72 


76 


75 


74 


69 


LIT1 


76 


77 


77 


71 


73 


77 


76 


75 


70 


LIT 2 


77 


78 


78 


72 


74 


78 


77 


76 


71 


LIT 3 


78 


79 


79 


73 


75 


79 


78 


77 


NA 


LEG 1 



7 Data shown for asylees only for 1985 (REF 7.1), 1986 (31), 1987-88 (34), and 1989 (35). Data shown for refugees only for 1985 
(REF 5.1), 1986 (25), 1987-88 (28), and 1989 (29). Data shown by selected country of birth. ■ Data shown by cause and for current year 
only. ' Data are for calendar year. 
NA Not available. 

A.5-7 



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