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Full text of "Statistics of income : compiled from the returns for ..."

BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 9999 06316 239 8 



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G-l VE N B Y 



a. s. sui^iHii^: 



i </^ V. 






TREASURY DEPARTMENT 

UNITED STATES INTERNAL REVENUE 



Statistics of Income 



COMPILED FROM THE RETURNS FOR 191 7 
UNDER THE DIRECTION OF THE 
COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE 




WASHINGTON 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 
1919 



Q 



^ 



TREASURY DEPARTMENT 

UNITED STATES INTERNAL REVENUE 



Statistics of Income 



COMPILED FROM THE RETURNS FOR 1917 

UNDER THE DIRECTION OF THE 

COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE 




WASHINGTON 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 

1919 




% 



~\[jriJ- '/Vf- 1,(^1^ 



'VI 

C tr^ I . 



,. ... ...... ... ... . . ... . ,., 



CONTENTS 



ANALYTICAL TEXT AND STATISTICAL TABLES. 

Page. 

Official transmittal 5 

Personal income-tax returns 5 

Text tables — 

Simple and cumuIatiAe distribution of personal returns, calendar year 

1917, by income classes 5 

Number of personal returns filed, calendar years 1917 and 1916, by 

income classes w 7 

Net income reported by personal returns, calendar years 1917 and 1916, 

by income classes 7 

Income tax yield of personal returns, calendar years 1917 and 1916, by 

income classes 7 

Number of personal returns, calendar years 1917 and 1916, by States 

and Territories 8 

Net income reported by personal returns, calendar years 1917 and 1916, 

by States and Territories 9 

Number of personal returns and net income reported, income classes 

$1,000 to $2,000, calendar year 1917, by States and Territories 10 

Tax yield of personal returns, calendar years 1917 and 1916, by States 

and Territories 11 

Classification of personal returns, by sex and family relationship 12 

Text table — Distribution of incomes from personal returns reporting 
net incomes of $2,000 and over, calendar year 1917, by sex and family 

relationship 12 

Exemption from normal tax (personal returns) 12 

Text table — Income exempted from normal tax, income subject to 
normal tax, and corresponding percentages, personal returns report- 
ing net incomes of $2,000 and over, calendar year 1917 12 

Service, business, and property as sources of income (personal returns). . . 12 
Text table — Personal incomes, calendar years 1917 and 1916, by sources. 13 
Income from personal service, business, and property, by income classes 

(personal returns) 14 

Text tables — 

Income from personal service and business compared with income 
from property, by income classes, net incomes of $2,00Q and 

over, calendar year 1917 14 

Distribution of personal income by sources and by income classes, 
calendar year 1917, showing the amounts returned expressed 

in percentages 15 

Returns by principal sources of income (personal returns) 15 

Text table — Incomes from principal sources, net incomes of $2,000 and 

over, calendar year 1917 15 

Income from business (personal returns) 16 

Text table — Personal incomes from business, calendar year 1917, by 

industries --• -• ^ ji^3 4.'i..i'o.4.'^.'o. ". 16 

Partnership war excess-i ao^its "ax .^ '"-V-''^- -'-''''^ •'•'>■-■ 16 

Corporate income-tax revur^ns 16 

Gross income, net income, and tixes (corporate returns) 17 

Text table — Comparing corporate income and taxes, calendar vi- i-s 

1917 and 1916 ".... 17 

Distribution of corporate ir.come by ir.d'istrial groups IS"" 

Text table — T3istrifcuticn o' corpoiace income b,' industrial groujjs, 
di^•ided into those reporiing nei income and those reporting no )iet 

income, calendar year 1917 18 

Sources of income and nature of deductions 19 

Text tables- 
Distribution of corporate income, by sources of income and nature 

of deductions, calendar year 1917 19 

Sources of corporate incomes and nature of deductions, by indus- 
trial groups, showing amounts returned expressed in percentages, 
calendar year 1917 20 

3 



4 COIsTTENTS. 

Tage. 

Returns of undistributed net income , 20 

Income returns, by States 21 

Combined personal and corporate income 2] 

Text table — Returns, by States and Territories 21 

Foreign iNCOitiE reported on personal returns 22 

Foreign investments in the United States "22 

Progress of income taxation 22 

Statistical tables: 

Personal income tables — 

Distribution of incomes by States — 

1. For the United States 24 

Distribution of incomes by classes — 

2. For the United States 26 

2a. By States and Territories 72-173 

3. Simple and cumulative distribution for the United States 28 

Sex and family relationship — Distribution by States — 

4. For the United States 30 

Sex and family relationship— Distribution by income classes — 

5. For the United States 34 

Distribution of income by sources and by States — • 

6. For the United States 36 

Distribution of income by sources and by income classes — 

7. For the United States. 40 

Distribution of income by principal sources and by States — 

8. For the United States.... 42 

Distribution of income by principal sources and b> income classes — 

9. For the United States 44 

Number of personal returns by income classes and by States and 

Territories, calendar years 1917 and 1916 — 

10. For the United States. .' 45 

Partnersliip returns — 

11. Distribution of returns by States for the United States 52 

Corporate income tables- 
Distribution of income by States — 

12. For the United States 53 

Distribution of income by industrial groups and by States for the 

United States — 

13. Agriculture and related industries 55 " 

• 14. Mining and quarrying - 57 

15. Manufacturing 59 

16. Construction - - 61 

17. Transportation and other public utilities 63 

18. Trade 65 

19. Personal service 67 

20. Finance - - 69 

Income from foreign investments in the United States-;- 

21 . Returns filed by nonresident aliens and by foreign corporations 71 



r- 




1 


i i 








i: ■ 




















i i 

— t 
1 




. 


L 























CHART 


iHOWINC 


BY 


INCOME 


CLksns 


THE NUMtfK OF rERSONM RETURNS 


FILED 


FOR THt 


CALENDAR. 


YEAR 


ENDED 


DECEMBER 31, 1917. 


























INCOME CLASS 




TH0USAHD5 


[ 


s 2 s ; s s g s s 1 ? s s 1 ? s ? 1 1 8 2 2 s $ s s s s s 1 1 3 s ; 5 g S s 1 1 ? 2 a ^ 5 1 5 f 1 n 


ooooooo oo 


• 1,000 TO * 2,00 


^^^^^pggg^mmmii 








toco •• Z.50 






























2.S00 •• 3,000 




















































3.000 ■ 4,0 




■■■■■■■■■iHHHHBH 


















































4.000 " 5,00 


iHi^riiiiiiiiiiJIilMi^rik^A^^ 




















TAtLt SHOWINi: TOTAL NUMBEK OF PERSOMAL RETURNS FILED FOR THE 
CALENDAR TEAR ENDEt DECEMBER 31, 1917, tDTRItUTED BT INCOME CLASSU. 

INCOME CLASS NUMBER OF RETURNS 


























HlMMlMMMiMMHHi 






















































■HHBHHHi 




































































7000 " 8,000 


hMAto^MAkMlfe* 1 














































» 1,000 TO t 2.000 
2.000 " 2.500 




.440.758 
480.486 


























MHRH^^^B 






8.000 •■ 9.000 


■■■■■■■■■ 
















































2.500 








8.22 1 


























^^^^^^1 






9.000 " 10.000 11111111 


















































4 noo unnn im nas 


























10.000 •• 11,000 mmn 






















































6.000 " 7.000 
7.000 ,. 8.00 
8.000 ■■ 9,000 
9.000 " 10,000 
10,000 11,000 


6 


4.01 
4.365 
1.769 
4,536 
9.22 1 


























11.000 " 12.000 im 
















































































7 


r2,000 •■ 13.000 HI 
















































































13.000 " (4.000 IH 




















































17 ODO .. n noo 17 \fn 

H,nOO ,. 14000 10,477 

14, noo „ n noo o,/*' 
i«ono 7nnnn 79,a«£ 
7n,oon ,. 7C.OOO iK,f06 


























14.000 ■■ 15,000 III 




































, 








































■■ 20000 mi^g 












































































20.000 " 25.000 ^H 






















































25.000 .. 30,000 
30.000 40.00C 
40.000 - 50,00c 
50.000 » 60,000 




2,733 
7,087 
4.54 1 


























2S,000 ■■ 30.000 ■! 
















































































30,000 ■■ 40.000 mH 


















! 


































6n,noo TO.nno ?,«.t4. 
To.onn - An,non '.'■'Z 


























40.000 •■ 50.000 H^ 
























































80,000 90.000 
90,000 ~ 100,000 
100.000 150,000 
150,000 - 200,000 
200.000 . 250.000 
250.000 .. 300,000 
300.000 • 400. OOC 
400.000 - 500,000 
500,000 .. 750,000 
750.000 - 1.000,000 




1.539 
1,1 63 
3.30Z 
1.502 
_ 705 
_ 341 
_380 
_ 179 
_225 
90 




























50.000 ■■ 60.000 1^ 


















































































60.000 - 70.000 1 














































































■ 




70.000 •> 80.000 1 


















































































80.000 " 90.000 




















































































M,000 » 100.000 


























































1 onn nnn i.cnnnnn 6 7 

1 500 ODO ,. 7,000 000 1% 

2 000 000 ., 3ooo,nnn 74. 
^nnnnr.n .. 4 ooo non s 
4 000 000 „ .sooo.nnn A 


























100.000 - 150.000 


1 
















































































150.000 •• 200.000 


















































































200.000 ■■ 250.000 


























































TOTAL NllM»t» OF FtHONAL RnUANS FILEO 






























1,472,890 


250.000 " 300,000 


























































JOINT RETURN) OF HUJIAKtS AND WIVES WITH OR WITHOUT 

DCrCNtENT CHILttEH. ALIO HUSIANDI WHOSE HIVCS.THOUCH 

llVlUt WITH TNIM.fllEll !F7»l«X' «FI1H1I1 14«0 7?< 


























300.000 '• 400.000 


















































































400.000 X 500.000 


























































WIVES MAKIHC lIFAlAIt RnUIHS FROM HUSlANtS 




0.550 




























500.000 ~ 750.000 


























































SIKSlt WOMEN, HIA«S OF FAMILIES 2S,368 

iiutll MF», 111 OTHfIL l«<l.?(i^ 


























750000 ■• i.000.000 


















































































1.000.000 '• 1.500.000 


























































SIHCLC WOMEN, ALL OTH 
TOT 

INCOME CLASS * 1.000 T 


» 63.580 




























1.500.000 •• 2.000.000 


























































'2.000 NOT OlSTRItUTED 


























2.000.000 " 3.000.000 


























































M S[< MH FAMILT RELATION 
<AANI) 1 


IHI* 1,640,758 


























IITAI ^ 472 890 


3.000000 ■■ 4.000.000 




















































































4.000.000 " 5,000,000 


















































































" 


















-- 
























J.OOO.OOO AND OVER.. 






































































































\ 






















>ooobpooooooboboooooOoooo poo 00 00000,0 000000 OOOO OOOO oo/ooobooo66 
-■<<nxi<l-0'~««>0-. «ln«lo•o^.aOvO-l.ln1*IQ«l^«^o-•ln••<Ov9rtcoa^o-Sn'*•o^s».«<^p-/«o;o-Mln<t>n<• 


THOUSANDS 



149190—19. (To face page 5.) 



STATISTICS OF INCOME, CALENDAR YEAR 1917. 



Treasury Department, 
Office of Commissioner of internal Revenue. 

Washington, D. C, October 2, 1919. 
Hon. Cahter Glass, 

Secretary of the Treasury. 
Sir: I have the honor to transmit the followmg report relatmg to 
the statistics of income compiled from the returns of net income 
(personal, corporate, and partnership) for the calendar vear ended 
December 31, 1917. 

PERSONAL INCOME-TAX RETURNS. 

Intensi^'e study M'as made only with respect to those reportmg 
income of $2,000 or more. This limitation has saved the Bureau the 
labor and cost of a critical analysis of 1,640,758 returns, the data from 
which would have been of no practical benefit for the purposes of the 
statistics. 

The total number of personal returns filed for the calendar year 
ended December 31, 1917, was 3,472,890, reporting net incWe 
amounting to $13,652,383,207. These exceeded those for 1916 by 
3,035,854 returns and $7,353,805,587 in net income reported. 

Returns reporting net income of $2,000 and over numbered 
1,832,132, with total net income of $11,191,246,207. The mcome-tax 
(normal tax, surtax, and war-excess i)rofits tax) of these returns 
amounted to $675,249,450. The average tax per individual was 
$368.56 and the average tax rate 6.03 per cent of the aggregate net 
income. 

The following table visualizes the distribution of the personal 
returns by income classes, showing the number of returns hied, the 
amount of net income, and the tax yield; also cumulative totals and 
relative percentages: 

Simple and cumulative distribution of personal returns, calendar year 1917, by income 
classes (extract from Table 3) . 



Incomp classes. 



$1,000 to $2,000 

$2,000 to $3,000 

$3,000 to $5,000 

$5,000 to $10.000 

$10,000 to $25,000. . . , 

$25,000 to $50,000 

■$50,000 to $100,000... 
$100,000 to $150,000.. 
$150,000 to $300,000.. 
$300,000 to $500,000.. 
$500,000 to $1,000,000 
$1,000,000 and over.. 

Total 



Returns. 



Simple 
distribution. 



Number 

in each 

class. 



1, 640, 758 

a38,707 

560, 763 

270, 666 

112,502 

30, 391 

12,439 

3,302 

2,347 

559 

315 

141 



Per cent 
of total. 



47.25 

24.16 

16.15 

7.79 

3.22 

.87 

.35 

.10 

.07 

.02 

.013 

.007 



3,472,890 100.00 



Cumulative 
distribution. 



Over ; Under 
tlie class I the class 
below. above. 



3,472,890 

1,832,132 

993,425 

432, 662 

161,996 

49,494 

19, 103 

6,664 

3,362 

1,015 

456 

141 



1,640,758 
2, 479, 465 
3,040,228 
3,310,894 
3,423,396 
3,453,787 
3,466,226 
3,469,528 
3,471,875 
3,472,434 
3,472,749 
3,472,890 



Cumulative 
percentages. 



Over Under 
the class the class 
below. above. 



100.00 

52. 75 

28.59 

12.44 

4.65 

1.43 

.56 

.21 

.11 

.04 

.02 

.007 



47.25 
71.41 
87.56 
95.35 
98.57 
99.44 
99.79 
99.89 
99.96 
99.98 
99. 993 
100.00 



6 



STATISTICS OF INCOME. 



Simple and cumulative distribution of personal returns, calendar year 1917, by income 
classes {extract from Table 3) — Continued. 





Net income. 




Simple 
distribution. 


Cumulative distribution. 


Cumulative 
percentages. 


Income classes. 








Amount in 
each class. 


Per 

cent 

of total. 


Over the class 
below. 


Under the class 
above. 


Over 

the 

class 

below. 


Under 

the 

class 

above. 


$1,000 to $2,000 . 


$2,461,137,000 

2,064,977,328 

2, 115, 864, 601 

1,827,508,088 

1,687,165,619 

1,042,320,083 

846,894,335 

400,492,040 

474,651,960 

209,904,969 

214, 631, 270 

306,83.5,914 


18.04 
15.12 
15.50 
13.39 
12.36 
7.63 
6.20 
2.93 
3.48 
1.54 
1.57 
2.24 


$13,652,383,207 

11,191,246,207 

9,126,268,879 

7,010,404,278 

5,182,896,190 

3,495,730,571 

2,453,410,488 

1,606,516,1.53 

1,206,024,113 

731,372,153 

.521,467,184 

300,835,914 


$2,461,137,000 
4,526,114,328 
6, 641, 978, 929 
8,469,487,017 
10,156,652,636 
11,198,972,719 
12,045,867,054 
12,446,359,094 
12,921,011,0,54 
13,130,916,023 
13,345,547,293 
13,652,383,207 


100.00 

81.96 

66.84 

51.34 

37.95 

25.59 

17.96 

11.76 

8.83 

5.35 

3.81 

2.24 


18 04 


$2,000 to $3,000 


33 16 


$3,000 to $5,000 


48 66 


$5,000 to $10,000 


62 05 


$10,000 to $25,000 . 


74 41 


$25,000 to $50,000 


82.04 


$50,000 to $100,000 


88.24 


$100,000 to .$1.50,000 

$150,000 to $300,000 

$300,000 to $.500,000 

$500,000 to $1,000,000 

$1,000,000 and over 


91.17 
94.65 
96.19 
97.76 
100.00 


Total 


13,652,383,207 


100.00 























Tax (income tax, surtax, and war excess-profits tax). 


Income classes. 


Simple 
distribution. 


Cumulative distribution. 


Cumulative 
percentages. 




Amount in 
each class 


Per cent 
of total. 


Over the 
class below. 


Under the 
class above. 


Over 

the class 

below. 


Under 

the class 

above. 


81,000 to $2 000 . 


0) 
$9,097,378 
18,283,457 
44,066,389 
80, 695, 149 
76, 593,. 344 
85, 027, 556 
55,766,236 
86,718,1.57 
50,227,598 
59,349,187 
109,424,999 




(') 
$675,249,450 
666,152,072 
647,868,615 
603,802,226 
523,107,077 
446,513,733 
.361,486,177 
305,719,941 
219,001,784 
168,774,186 
109,424,999 


(') 

$9,097,378 

27,380,835 

71,447,224 

152,142,373 

228,735,717 

313,763,273 

369,529,509 

456,247,666 

.506,475,264 

.565,824,4.51 

675,249,450 






$2,000 to $3,000 


1.34 
2.71 
6. .53 
12. 25 
11.34 
12.58 
8.26 
12.85 
7.14 
8.79 
16.21 


100.00 
98.66 
95.95 
89.42 
77.17 
65.83 
.53.25 
44.99 
32.14 
2.5.00 
16.21 


1.34 


.$3,000 to $5,000 


4.05 


$5,000 to $10,000 


10.58 


$10,000 to $25,000 


22.83 


$25,000 to $50,000 


34.17 


$.50,000 to $100,000 


46.75 


$100,000 to .'«150,000 

$1.50,000 to $300,000 

$300,000 to $500,000 

$.500,000 to $1,000,000 

$1 ,000,000 and over 


.55.01 
67.86 
75.00 
83.79 
100.00 




675,249,4,50 


100. 00 





















1 No tabulation was made of the tax returned by incomes under $2,000 



COMPARATIVE TABLES, PERSONAL RETURNS, CALENDAR YEARS 1917 

AND 1916. 

The following comparative tables show, by income classes and by 
States, the number of returns filed, the total net income reported, 
and the tax yield. Among the outstanding features of these tables 
are the increases for 1917 in the number of returns and total net in- 
come reported in the smaller income classes, and the falling ofT in the 
larger income classes. 



STATISTICS OF INCOME. 7 

Number of personal returns filed, calendar years 1917 and 1916, by income classes. 



Ineonip classps. 



$1,000(0 $2,000 

$2,000 to $3,000 

$3,000 toS5, 000 

$5,000 to «10, 000 

$10,000 to S25,000 

$25, 000 to 850. 000.... 
$50,000 to SlOO, 000... 
$100,000 to $150,000.. 
$1.50.000 to $300,000.. 
$300,000 to S500, 000.. 
$500,000 to ?1,000.000 
S1,000,000 and over.. 

Total 





1917 


1916 


Increase (+) or 
decrease ( — ). 




1,640,758 

838,707 

560, 763 

270,666 

112,502 

30,391 

12,439 

3,302 

2,347 

559 

315 

141 




+ 1,640,758 






+ 838,707 




157, 149 

1.50,553 

80, 880 

23,7.34 

10,452 

2,900 

2,437 

714 

376 

206 


+ 403,614 




+ 120, 113 




+ 31, 622 




+ 6,657 




+ 1,987 




-r 402 




90 




- 155 




61 




65 








3,472,890 


1437,0.36 


+3,0.35,854 







' Includes 7,635 returns of married women making .separate returns from husbands. The not incomes 
shoisTi by those returns were for statistical purposes combined with husbands' returns and in each ease 
treated as one return in its proper income class. 

Net income reported by personal returns, calendar years 1917 and 1916, by income vlafne^ 



Income classes. 



1917 



1916 



Increase (+) or 
decrease ( — ). 



$1,000 to $2,000 

$2,000 to $3,000 

$3)000 to $5, 000 

$5,000 to $10,000 

$10, 000 to $25, 000.... 
$2.5,000 to $.50,000.... 
$50,000 to $100,000... 
$100,000 to $150,000.. 
$150,000 to $300,000.. 
$300,000 to $500,000.. 
$500,000 to $1,000,000 
$1.000,000 and over.. 

Total 



1 $2, 461, 137, 000 

2,064,977,328 

2,115,864,601 

1,827,508,088 

1,687,165,619 

1,042,320,083 

846,894,335 

400,492,040 

474,6.51,960 

209,904,969 

214,631,270 

306, 835, 914 



13,652,383,207 



1,037 
1,235 
822: 
722 
357 
.505 
27i: 
256: 
464: 



669,015 
247,977 
015,786 
661,658 
795, 474 
355,318 
859, 406 
938,017 
771,325 
263,644 



6,298,577,620 



+$2,461 

+ 2,064 

+ 1,491 

+ 7C0 

+ 452 

+ 219 

+ 124 

+ 43 

31 

62 

42 

- 1.57 



,137,000 
977,328 
195, 586 
260,111 
149, 833 
658, 425 
098, 861 
136, 722 
207, 446 
033,048 
140,055 
427,7.30 



+ 7,3.53,805,587 



' Determined on ba.sis of the number of returns filed and the average net income. 
Income tax yield of personal returns, calendar years 1917 and 1916, by income classes.. 



$2,000 to $3 ,000 

$3,000 to $5,000 

.$5,000 to 810,000 

$10,000 to $25 ,000 

$25,000 to $50,000 

$50,000 to 8100,000.... 
$100,000 to $1.50 ,000... 
1150 ,000 to $300,000... 
$300,000 to $500,000... 
$500,000 to $1,000,000. 
$1,000,000 and over.. 



Income classes. 



Total 675,249,450 



$9,097,378 
18,283,457 
44, 066, 389 
80, 695, 149 
76,593,344 
85, 027, 556 
55, 766, 236 
86,718,157 
50, 227, 598 
59,349,187 
109, 424, 999 



1916 



Increase. 



S775, 804 
6,301,183 
11,637,014 
11,602,681 
16, 298, 587 
12, 423, 481 
24,007,267 
17,951,410 
20,901,911 
51,487,356 



097, 37? 
507,653 
765,206 
058, 135 
990,663 
728,969 
342, 755 
710, 890 
276, 188 
447,276 
937,643 



173,386,694 601,862,756 



STATISTICS OF IlN'COME. 

Number of ptrsonul nturns, calendar ijiurs 1911 and 1916, by States and Territories. 



States and Territories. 



Alabama 

Alaska 

Arizona 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut 

Delaware 

District of Columbia. 

Florida 

Georgia 

Hawaii 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Kentucky 

Louisiana 

Maine 

Maryland 

Massachusetts 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi 

Missouri 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire 

New Jersey 

New Mexico 

New York 

North Carolina 

North Dakota 

Ohio 

Oklahoma 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania 

Rhode Island 

South Carolina 

South Dakota 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah , 

Vermont , 

Virginia 

Wasliington 

West Virginia 

Wisconsin , 

Wyoming 



21,844 
4,570 
12, 264 
17,839 

182,232 
40, 627 
64, 472 
8,032 
29, 737 
15,336 
38,252 
3,131 
16,414 

319, 497 
85, 021 

114,970 
63,065 
34, 692 
32, 317 
17,112 
60,954 

156,111 

111,562 
80,009 
15,382 
91,608 
28,646 
82,472 
6,623 
10,809 

134,960 
11,616 

489,089 
22,977 
20, 941 

190,273 
48,758 
25,071 

328, 171 
23,927 
22,321 
39, 654 
31,451 
95,416 
14,636 
7,258 
37,951 
56,322 
28, 281 
70, 554 
7,663 



1916 



Increase. 



2,097 

243 

994 

2,255 

21,208 
4,435 
9,713 
1,346 
6,808 
1,779 
3,444 
1,144 
756 

37, 525 
7,004 
8,497 
4,290 
3,887 
4, 517 
2,823 
9,674 

32,291 

11,448 
7,556 
1,440 

12,956 

1,801 

4,286 

364 

1,735 

19,701 
813 

93,155 
2,207 
1,176 

21,774 
2,539 
2,800 

40,289 

3,745 

1,204 

971 

4,414 

10, 514 
1,259 
1,100 
4,190 
5,360 
2,575 
8,261 
673 



Total 13,472,890 



'437,036 



19,747 
4,327 
11,270 
15,584 

161,024 
36, 192 
54,769 
6,686 
22,929 
13, 557 
34, 808 
1,987 
15, 65S 

281, 972 
78,017 

106,473 
58,775 
30,805 
27,800 
14,289 
51,280 

123, 820 

100, 114 
72,453 
13, 942 
78,652 
26,845 
78, 18i- 
6,259 
9,074 

115,259 
10,803 

395,934 
20,770 
19,765 

168,499 
46,219 
22,271 

287,882 
20,182 
21,117 
38,683 
27,037 
84,902 
13,377 
6,158 
33,761 
50,962 
25,706 
62,293 
6,990 



3,035,854 



1 Net incomes $1,000 and over. 



2 Net incomes $3,000 and over. 



STATISTICS OF INCOME. V 

Ni.( income reported by personal returns, calendar yiars 1917 and 1916, by States and 

Territories. 



States and Territories. 


1917 


1916 


Increase. 


Alabama 


m, 209, 562 

6,508,506 

31,954,008 

58,498,287 

501,451,546 

108,657,875 

199,926,724 

50,597,176 

82,375,392 

45, 319, 996 

116,171,112 

21,524,255 

33,835,514 

863,784,600 

202,595,926 

255,068,861 

161,275,002 

102, 899, 244 

115, 896, l.SO 

55, 115, 710 

208,011,789 

601,311,502 

302,002,410 

22:3,995,603 

52,550,713 

:j0tr,300,187 

59,292,992 

202,728,895 

10,963,316 

35, 742, 296 

421,757,424 

20, 892, 721 

2, 439, 736, 148 

69, 649, 131 

49,053,723 

598,090,922 

139, 660, 858 

66,587,02:3 

1,110,800,293 

93,663,069 

55,375,849 

85,434,860 

91,993,540 

296,541,837 

33,877,446 

24,815,804 

103,861,359 

126,775,115 

86,279,550 

175,150,253 

24, 684, 103 


$18,469,010 

1,878,419 

11,777,241 

17,683,678 

228,324,945 
53,854,130 

133,858,341 
57,798,410 
67,334,621 
17,401,202 
32,992,965 
20,362,022 
7,927,064 

484, 290, 833 
74,637,683 
65,604,874 
39,638,465 
;58,506,976 
51,274,633 
30,435,945 

121,009,054 

474,292,762 

162,533,104 
93,201,384 
14,8:31,796 

147,069,303 
19,467,019 
36,559,607 
2,799,775 
19,557,542 

254,068,880 

7,486,732 

1,922,864,651 

24,825,826 

9,219,055 

318,822,511 
66,811,462 
24,668,572 

643,243,991 

65,257,163 

9,882,947 

7,474,252 

39,887,675 

113,278,037 
14,281,206 
14,628,955 
42,216,464 
49,697,247 
:!0,170,809 
87,614,595 
6,523,787 


$41,740,552 


Alaska 


4,630,087 


Arizona 


20,176,767 




40,814,609 




273,126,601 




54,803,745 




66, 068, 383 


Delaware 


17,201,234 
15,040,771 




27,918,794 




83, 178, 147 


Hawaii 


1,162,233 


Idaho 


25,908,450 




379,493,767 




127,958,243 




189,463,987 




121,636,537 




64,392,268 




64,621,547 


Maine 


24,679,765 




87,002,735 




127,018,740 




139,469,306 




130, 794, 21y 




37,718,917 




159,230,884 




39,825,973 




166,169,285 




8,163,541 




16,184,754 




167,688,544 


New Mexico 


13,405,989 




516,871,497 




44,823,305 




:39,834,668 


Ohio . 


279,268,411 




72,849,39t> 




41,618,451 




467,556,302 


Rhode Island 


28,405,90«j 




45,492,902 


South Dakota 


77,960,608 




52,125,865 


Texas 


183,263,800 




19,596,240 


Vermont 


10,186,849 




61,644,895 


Washington 


77,077,868 




56,108,741 


Wisconsin . 


87,535,658 




18,160,316 








2 11,191,246,207 
* 2,461,137,000 


3 6,298,577,620 


4,892,668,587 
2,461,137,000 


Net income (§1,000 to 82,000) 








(•rand total . 


13,652,383,207 


6,298,577,620 


7,353,805,587 





1 Decrease. 

2 Net incomes $2,000 and over. 

3 Net incomes $3,000 and over. 

< See following table for distribution of returns and net income of income class $1,000 to S2.000, by States 
and Territories. 



10 



STATISTICS OF INCOME. 



Numbtr of persmial returns and net incomes reported, income classes ^1,000 to $2,000, 
calendar year 1917, by States and Territories. 



states and Territories. 


Numb r of 
returns. 


Net income. 


Alabama 


8,866 

2,694 

5,121 

6,532 

87,438 

19,464 

32,840 

3,908 

14,655 

6,039 

14,403 

243 

8,420 

170,784 

39,113 

54,810 

27,256 

14,618 

12,302 

7,890 

30,281 

77,467 

57,215 

34,343 

6,142 

37,151 

14,610 

32,840 

3,640 

4,734 

66, 190 

7,168 

222, 866 

9,714 

8,120 

94,877 

20,727 

12, 106 

166,668 

12,311 

10,361 

16,240 

13,314 

35, 837 

7,445 

3,150 

17,881 

28,635 

13,188 

35,360 

2,781 


?13,299,000 
4,041,000 


Alaska 


Arizona 


7 681 500 


Arkansas 


9,798,000 
131,157,000 


California 


Colorado 


29,196,000 
49,260,000 

5,862,000 
21,982,500 

9, 058, 500 
21,604,500 


Connecticut 


Delaware 


District of Columbia 


Florida 


Ceorgia 


Hawaii 


364,500 

12,630,000 

256,176,000 

58, 609, 500 

82 215 000 


Idaho 


Illinois 


Indiana . . 


Iowa 


Kansas 


40,884,000 
21,927,000 
18,453,000 


Kentucky 


Louisiana 


Maine 


11,835,000 
45,421,500 


Maryland 


Massachusetts 


116,200,500 
85, 822, 500 


Michigan • 


Minnesota 


51,614,500 

9,213,000 

55,726,600 

21,915,000 

49,260,000 

5,460,000 

7 101 000 


Mississippi 


Missouri 


Montana 


Nebraska 


Nevada 


New Hampshire 


New Jersey 


99, 285^ 000 


New Mexico 


10,752 000 


New York 


334,299,000 
14,571 000 


North Carolina 




12,180,000 
142 315 500 


Ohio 


Oklahoma 


3l'O90'50O 


Oregon 


18^159' 000 
250 002 000 


Pennsylvania 


Rhode Island 


is' 466' 500 


South Carolina 


15'54l'500 


South Pakota 


24' 360 000 


Tennessee 


19' 971 '000 


Texas 


53 755 500 




11 167' 500 


Vermont 


4 725' 000 




26,821 500 




42,952 500 




19,782,000 


Wisconsin 


53, 040, 000 


Wyoming 


4,171,500 








1,640,758 


12,461,137,000 





> Determined on basis of number of returns filed and average net income. 



STATISTICS OF INCOME. 11 

Tax yield of personal returns, calendar years 1917 and 1916., by States and Territories. 



States and Territories. 



Alabama 

Alaska 

Arizona 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Counecticut 

Delaware 

District of Columbia 

Florida 

Georgia 

Hawaii 

Idaho , 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Kentucky 

Louisiana 

Maine 

Maryland 

Massachusetts 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi 

Missouri 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire 

New Jersey 

New Mexico 

New York 

North Caroliaa 

North Dakota 

Ohio 

Oklahoma 

Oregon 

I'eiuisylvania 

Rhode Island 

South rarolina 

South Dakota 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah 

Vermont 

Virginia 

Washington 

West Virginia 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming 

Total 



1917 



81,936,211 

105,098 

968,564 

1,783,510 

19,489,788 
4,992,255 

10,270,621 
9,311,772 
4,301,536 
1,525,131 
3, 107, 754 
1,172,425 
756,288 

47,412,500 
5,591,563 
4,903,197 
5,158,660 
2,798,478 
4,815,035 
2,389,741 

12,078,942 

43,711,983 

14,592,959 
8,016,177 
2,191,806 

10, 512, 446 
1,403,943 
4, 960, 122 
205, 908 
1,470,316 

25, 054, 761 

642, 866 

249, 579, 422 

2, 651, 504 

8.36, 474 

30, 989, 654 
5, 477, 296 
3,178,781 

77, 804, 835 
8, 6.S4, 074 
1,713,335 
1,010,552 
2,662,388 

13,092,667 
1,290,946 
1,428,068 
3, 752, 251 
4,094,267 
3, 172, 724 
5, 366, 192 
810, 664 



1675,249,450 



1916 



$175,989 

17,022 

191.519 

157, 513 

3,595,636 

1,055,758 

2,824,846 

3,695,605 

1,068,644 

322, 636 

378,062 

366,802 

140, 496 

10,947,250 

1,165,961 

518,845 

555,943 

384,497 

778,693 

. 371,367 

2,405,523 

10,892,685 

3,340,682 

1,553,282 

195,054 

2, 37.?, 327 

304, 448 

347, 778 

18,505 

258,173 

5,-545,231 

83,935 

77, 970, 521 

560, 970 

66, 344 

7, 722, 306 

4, 347, 797 

337,051 

17,612,739 

1,915,104 

77, 198 

48, 563 

413,078 

2, 643, 697 

167,688 

365,004 

593, 304 

776, 470 

416,386 

1,253,257 

67, 510 



2 173,386,694 



Increase. 



51,760,222 

89,076 

777,045 

1,625,997 

15,894,152 

3,936,497 

7,445,775 

5,616,167 

3,232,892 

1,202,495 

2, 729, 692 

805, 62:3 

615,792 

36,465,250 

4,425,602 

4,384,352 

4,602,717 

2,413,981 

4,036,342 

2,018,374 

9,673,419 

32,819,298 

11,252,277 

6, 462, 895 

1,996,752 

8, 139, 111' 

1,099,495 

4, 612, 344 

187,403 

1,212,143 

19,509,530 

558, 931 

171,608,901 

2,090,534 

790, 130 

23,267,348 

1, 129, 499 

2,841,730 

60,192,096 

6, 768, 970 

1,636,137 

961,989 

2,249,310 

10, 448, 970 

1, 123, 258 

1,063,064 

3,158,947 

3,317,797 

2,756,338 

4,112,935 

743, 154 



501, 862, 756 



1 Net incomes $2,000 and over. 



2 Net incomes $3,000 and over. 



12 



STATISTICS OF INCOME. 



CLASSIFICATION OF PERSONAL RETURNS, 

TIONSHIP. 



BY SEX AND FAMILY KELA- 



In stiidAnng the nature of the returns in connection with the specific 
personal exemptions provided by the income-tax law, a distribution 
of the returns was made according to the status of family relation- 
ship, a resume of which is given in the table below: 

Distribution of income from personal returns reporting net incomes of $2,000 and over, 
calendar year 1917, by sex and family relationship. — (Summary from Tables 4 and 5.) 



Returns. 



Distribution. 



Joiiit returns of husbands and wives, with or with- 
out dependent children, and of hu.sbands whose 
wives, though living with them, filed separate 
returns 

Wives makuig separate returns from husbands 

Single men , heads of families 

Single womeu, heads of families 

Single men, all other 

Single women, all other 



Number. 



, 450, 723 
20, 530 
72, 668 
25, 368 
199,263 
63, 580 



Total i 1, 832, 132 



Per cent 
of total. 



79.18 
1.13 
3.98 
1.39 

10.85 
3.47 



100. 00 



Net income. 



Amount. 



S8, 390, 968, Sol 
307, 045, 768 
412,096,152 
174,811,281 
1,349,784,238 
556,539,917 



11,191,246,207 



Percent 
of total. 



74. 98 
2.74 
3. 68 
1.57 

12.06 
4.97 



100.00 



EXEMPTIONS FROM NORMAL TAX (PERSONAL RETURNS). 

The amount of net income relieved from normal tax through the 
deductions on account of personal exemptions, dividends, contri- 
butions, and war excess-profits tax is shown in the following table: 

Income exempted from normal tax, income subject to normal tax, and corresponding 
percentages, personal returns reporting net incomes of $2,000 and over, calendar year 
1917. 



Distribution. 



Percent 

of total 

net income. 



Exemptions: 

Personal exemption 

Dividends 

Contributions , 

War excess profits tax 

Total exemptions 

Net income subject to normal tax 

Total net income retiuned (class $2,000 and o\er) 



$3,773,079,800 

2,848,842,499 

'245,080,088 

101,249,781 



6,968,252,168 
4,222,994,039 



11,191,246,207 



33. 72 

25.46 

2.19 

.90 



62.27 
37. 73 



100.00 



SERVICE, BUSINESS, AND PROPERTY AS SOURCES OF INCOME (PER- 
SONAL returns). 



The income-producing factors in the United States in so far as 
they are reflected by the personal returns of net income are exhib- 
ited in the following table, which shows both for 1917 and 1916 the 
aggregate amounts reported under the two main divisions, "Income 
from personal service and 'Income from property." 



STATISTICS OF INCOME. 



13 



Of especial interest is the proportion from each source and the 
variations in the amounts reported by each source between 1917 and 
1916. 

Personal incovie, calendar years 1917 and 1916, bij sources. 



• 




1917 


1916 




r)islnbutioti. 


Amount. 


Per cent 

of 

total 

income. 


Amoimt. 


Per cent 

of 

total 

income. 


Increase. 


Income from personal service: 
Salaries, wages, commissions, 
bonuses, directors' fees, etc.. 
Business, trade, commerce, 
partnership, farming, and 
profits from sales of real es- 
tate, stocks, bonds, and 


$3, WS, 437, 902 
3,958,670,028 


30.21 
32.77 


$1,478,346,372 
3, 010, 4W, 924 


17.70 
36. 06 


S2, 170, 091,. 530 
948, 265, 104 








Total 


7, 607, 107, 930 


62.98 


4,488,751,296 


53.76 


3,118,356,634 






Income from property: 
Rents and royalties. . 


684,343,399 

936,715,456 
2,848,842,499 


5.67 

7.76 
23.59 


643,802,657 

1,080,879,405 
2,136,468,625 


7.71 

12.94 
25.59 


40,540,742 
1 144, 163, 949 


Interest on bonds, notes, 
Including fiduciaries 
foreign sources 


etc., 
and 


Pividends 


712, 373, 874 








Total 


4,469,901,354 


37.02 


3, 861, 150, 687 


46.24 


608, 750, 667 








Total income 


12,077,009,284 
8&5,763,077 


100.00 
7.33 


8,349,901,983 
2,051,324,363 


100.00 
24.57 


3,727,107,301 
1,165,561,286 


Less general deductions 






Total net income . 


211,191,246,207 


92.67 


3 6,298,577,620 


75.43 


4,892,668,587 





1 Decrease. 

2 Compiled from returns reporting net incomes of $2,000 and over. 
' Compiled from returns reporting net incomes of §3,000 and over. 

In the study of the above table it should be observed that in 1917 
the figures represent net amounts, the gross income having been 
reduced by the deductions applicable to each source. The item 
''General deductions" represents such other deductions as were not 
chargeable to any of the sources of income and includes interest on 
personal indebtedness, taxes on dwellings and personal property, 
and other taxes not reported elsewhere; also other miscellaneous 
deductions, not including contributions. The amounts shown for 
1916 represent gross income, the general deductions not having been 
allocated to the several sources. 



u 



STATISTICS OF INCOME. 



INCOME FROM PERSONAL SERVICE, BUSINESS, AND PROPERTY BY 
INCOME CLASSES (PERSONAL RETURNS). 

A further distribution of income from personal service and business, 
and income from property is shown by income classes in the succeed- 
ing table. This table also shows by percentages the proportion from 
each source. 

Income from personal service andbusinesscompared with income from property, by incoiti 
classes, net incomes of $2,000 and over, calendar year 1917. — {Summary from Table 7 ) . 



Income classes. 



Income from 

personal 

service and 

business. 



Per cent 
of total 
income 
in each 
class. 



Income from 
property. 



Per cent 
of total 
income 
in each 
class. 



Total inconif. 



$2,000 to $4,000 

$4,000 to $5,000 

$5,000 to $10,000 

$10,000 to $20,000 .... 

$20,000 to $40,000 

$40,000 to $60, 000 

$60,000 to $80,000 

$80,000 to $100,000 

$100,000 to $1.50,000.... 
$150,000 to $200,000.... 
$200,000 to $250, 000.... 
$250,000 to $300,000. . . . 
$;500, 000 to $500,000.... 
$500,000 to $1,000,000.. 
$1,000,000 to $1,500,000 
$1,500,000 to $2,000,000 
$2,000,000 and over.... 

Grand total 



251,585,664 
6&8,322,S57 
373, .534, 184 
792,379,172 
550,799,694 
253, 927, 860 
141,503,047 
91,091,074 
143.414,682 
76,627,988 
50, 444, 550 
26,759,005 
66,243,497 
50, 548, 088 
10,372,251 
14, 663, 591 
14,890,726 



87.57 
78.01 
70.39 
56. 63 
46.97 
42.04 
37.55 
35. 70 
34. 20 
32. 49 
30.68 
26.62 
29.73 
21.66 
11.95 
24.61 
7.98 



$461,601,111 
196,797,887 
577,832,525 
606,946,607 
621,849,074 
350,030,430 
235,368,182 
164, 073, 878 
275,870,023 
159, 237, 481 
113,973,667 
73, 756, 466 
156, 527, 575 
182,794,264 
76,367,250 
45, 145, 208 
171,729,726 



12.43 
21.99 
29.61 
43.37 
53. 03 
67.96 
62.45 
64.30 
66.79 
67.51 
69.32 
73.38 
70.26 
78.34 
88.04 
75.48 
92.01 



$3, 713, 

895, 

1,951, 

1,399, 

1,172, 

603, 

376, 

255, 

419, 

236, 

164, 

100, 

222, 

233, 

86, 

59, 

186, 



186, 775 
120, 744 
366, 709 
325, 779 
648, 768 
958,290 
871,229 
164,9,52 
284, 705 
te, 469 
418,217 
.515,471 
771,072 
342,352 
739,501 
808, 799 
620, 4.52 



7,607,107,930 



62.98 



4,469,901,354 



37.02 



12,077,009,284 



Income classes. 



$2,000 to $4,000 

$4,000 to $5, 000 

$5,00010 $10,000 

$10,000 to $20,000 

$20,000 to $40,000 

$40,000 to $60, 000 

$60,000 to $80, 000 

$80,000 to $100,000 

$100,00010 $1.50,000... 
$150,000 to $200,000... 
$2(X),000to.$250,000... 
$250, 000 to $300, 000... 
$.300,000 to $500. 000... 
$500,000 to $1,000,000. . 
$1,000,000 to $1,500,000 
$1,500,000 to $2,000,000 
$2,000,000 and o.-er... 

Grand total 



( rcneral 
deductions. 



$360 




885,763,077 



Per cent 
of total 
income 
in each 
class. 



9.72 
7.43 
6.35 
6.21 
6.03 
6.65 
5.63 
4.86 
4.48 
5.04 
4.43 
6.94 
5.78 
8.02 
7.29 
5.89 
8.83 



7.33 



Total net 
income. 



$3,362, 

828, 

1, 827, 

1,312, 

1,101, 

.563, 

355, 

242, 

400, 

223, 

157, 

93, 

20J, 

214, 

80, 

56: 
i7o; 



265,187 
676, 742 
608,088 
292, 482 
893,206 
775,056 
6.55, 663 
763,630 
492,040 
982,310 
131,303 
538,347 
904,969 
631,270 
413, 5 19 
286,944 
135,421 



11,191,246,207 



Per cent 
of total 
income 
in each 
el as.-;. 



90.28 
92.57 
93.65 
93.78 
93.97 
93.34 
93.37 
95.14 
95. 53 
94.96 
95. 57 
i>3. 06 
94.22 
91. 9!^ 
92.71 
94.11 
91.16 

92.07 



STATISTICS OF INCOME. 



15 



An interpretation of Table 7, to show in percentages the distribu- 
tion of personal incomes by sources, is given in the succeeding table: 

Duitribution of personal income by sources and by incovie classes, calendar year 1917, 
showing the amounts returned, expressed in percentages. 



Income classes. 



Wages 

and 
salaries, 



$2,000 to ?4,000 

$4,000 to $5,000 

$5,000 to 810,000 

810,000 to 820,000 

$20,000 to $40,000 

$40,000 to $60,000 

$60,000 to $80,000 

$80,000 to $100,000 

$100,000 to $150,000... 
$150,000 to $200,000. . . 
$200,000 to $250,000... 
$250,000 to $300,000... 
8300,000 to $500,000... 
$500,000 to $1,000,000.. 
$1,000,000 to $1,500,000 
$1,500,000 to 82,000,000 
$2,000,000 and over... 

Grand total 



41.82 

33.60 

33.87 

30.89 

25.20 

21.23 

18.56 

17.61 

15.05 

12.01 

11.75 

8.71 

9.59 

5.88 

2.62 

3.54 

2.18 



30.20 



Busi- 
ness. 



39. 80 

36.25 

27.20 

15.66 

11.11 

9.63 

7.17 

5.77 

6.47 

6.00 

5.03 

3.29 

4.94 

5.71 

3.12 

4.67 

.09 



23.73 



Part 
nership 
profits. 



3.96 

5.18 

6.61 

7.11 

7.77 

8.35 

8.68 

9.30 

9.54 

10.91 

11.12 

11.35 

11.53 

7.61 

4.62 

11.40 

3.05 



Profits 
from 

sales of 
real 

estate, 

stocks, 
and 

bonds. 



8.42 



1.98 
2.97 
2.71 
2.96 
2.93 
2.83 
3.15 
3.02 
3.14 
3.58 
2.82 
3.28 
3.68 
2.47 
1.59 
4.90 
2.69 



2.63 



Rents 
and 

royal- 
ties. 



7.55 
7.05 
6.48 
5.59 
4.42 
3.71 
3.30 
3.18 
2.68 
2.72 
2.70 
2.50 
2.51 
2.05 
1.57 
.73 
2.28 



Divi- 
dends. 



5.67 



3.54 
7.76 
14.32 
27.30 
37.28 
43.48 
47.42 
48.89 
50.77 
51.42 
53.35 
56.48 
53.79 
62.11 
71.00 
62.94 
75.35 



23.59 



Interest 

and 
invest- 
ment 
income. 



1.35 
7.19 
8.81 
10.49 
11.29 
10.77 
11.72 
12.23 
12.35 
13.36 
13.2:3 
14.39 
13.96 
14.17 
15.48 
11.82 
14.36 



7.76 



Total 
income. 



100.00 
100.00 
100.00 
100.00 
100.00 
100.00 
100.00 
100.00 
100.00 
100.00 
100.00 
100.00 
100.00 
100.00 
100.00 
100.00 
100.00 



100.00 



RETURNS BY PRINCIPAL SOURCES OF INCOME (PERSONAL RETURNS). 



Data as to the composition of personal returns reporting net in- 
comes of $2,000 and over, viewed as to the predominating sources 
of income, are given below. 

Income, from, principal sources, net incomes of $2,000 and over, calendar year 1917. — 

(Summary frovi Table S.) 



Principal sources of income. 


Number of 
returns. 


Amount of in- 
come from this 
source on these 
returns. 


Amount of in- 
come from this 
source on all 
returns. 




789,992 
710,357 
331, 783 


$2,956,270,777 
3,340,050,344 
2,876,203,565 


$3,648,437,902 
3,958,670,028 




Property 


4,469,901,354 





16 



STATISTICS OF INCOME. 



INCOME FROM BUSINESS (PERSONAL RETURNS). 

Statistics relative to business operations netting $2,000 and over 
were compiled and are shown in summary form in the following 
table. These data represent only such amounts reported by indi- 
viduals as were derived from business operations and do not neces- 
sarily indicate the principal occupations of, or the total incomes 
reported by, the persons making the returns. 

Personal incomps from business, calendar year 1917, by industries. 



Industries. 



Number of 
returns. 



Gross sales. 



Business 
expense. 



Net income. 



Agriculture and animal husbandry 

Mining , 

Manufacturing and mechanical indu'stries. . 

Construction, plaiming, and supervising, 
excavating, equipping, and installing, 
wrecking, raising, and moving, etc 

Public utilities — Water and rail transporta- 
tion and related services 

Trade, wholesale and retail 

I'ersonal service, domestic service, amuse- 
ments, and professional service 

Finance — Banks and related business 

Combinations — Individuals engaged in 
business falling in two or more principal 
divisions 

Special cases — Individuals whose business 
was not sufTiciently defined to be classed 
by principal divisions 



251,838 

1,882 

22,850 



12, 791 

6,843 
134, 862 

111,207 
3,065 



33, 73S 
33,453 



$1,622,907,759 

45, 750, 672 

1,271,122,965 



349,592,997 

196, 2S3, 538 
6,026,670,809 

1, 198, 130, 773 
114,246,119 



1, 132, 193, 168 
532, 460, 268 



S816, 743, 802 

31, 851, 806 

1,126,880,453 



290, 204, 435 

166,758,911 
5, 262, 829, 124 

716, 052, 860 
94, 607, 003 



943, 457, 328 



.388,527,513 



•?806,163,957 

13, 898, 866 

144,242,512 



59,388,562 

29,524,627 
763,841,685 

482,077,913 
19, 639, 116 



188,735,840 
143,932,755 



Total. 



612,629 



12,489,359,068 



9, 837, 913,-235 



2,651,445,833 



PARTNERSHIP WAR EXCESS-PROFITS TAX. 

The revenue act of 1917 provides that in addition to the taxes 
imder existing law and under this act, there shall be levied, assessed, 
collected, and paid for each taxable year upon the income of every 
corporation, partnership, or individual, a tax known as war excess- 
profits tax. This is the first income tax specifically assessed on the 
income of partnerships as such. Previously the income of partner- 
ships was taxed only as reported in the returns of net income of 
the individual partners. 

There were 31,701 partnership war excess-profits tax returns filed, 
showing total tax of $103,887,984. (Table 11.) 

CORPORATE INCOME-TAX RETURNS. 



Corporate income-tax returns for the calendar year 1917, num- 
bered 351,426. Of these 232,079 reported net income aggregating 
$10,730,360,211, producing income tax amounting to $503,698,029, 
war excess-profits tax of $1,638,747,740, total, $2,142,445,769. For 
the calendar year 1916, the returns numbered 341,253, of which 206,- 
984 reported net income amounting to $8,705,908,984, yielding a 
tax of $171,805,150. The increase over 1916, was 10,173 in total 
number of returns, 25,095 in the number of returns reporting net 
income, $1,964,451,227 in net income and $1,970,040,619 in taxes. 



STATISTICS OF INCOME. 17 

GROSS INCOME, NET INCOME, AND TAXES (CORPORATE RETURNS). 

The great inflation in prices experienced in 1917, and its corre- 
sponding effect on business turnover, is forcibly brought to the 
attention in the accompanying table, in which the corporate income 
returned for 1917 and 1916 is compared. 

Comparing corporate income and taxes, calendar years 1917 and 1916. 





Number 
of corpo- 
rations. 


Per 
cent of 
total 
niun- 

ber. 


Gross income. 


General deductions. 


Net income. 




Amount. 


Ratio 
to gross 
income. 


Amount. 


Ratio 
to gross 
income. 


Corporations report- 
ing net income: 
Total for 1917.... 
Total for 1916.... 


232,079 
206,984 


66 
61 


S79, 540, 004, 891 
32,531,096,969 


$6S, 809, 644, 680 
23,765,187,985 


Per ct. 

87 
73 


$10,730,360,211 
8,765,908,984 


Per ct. 
13 
27 


Increase for 
1917 .... 


25,095 
12 




47, 008, 907; 922 
144 


45,044,456,695 
189 




1,964,451,227 
22 




Ratio tototal for 1916 
(per cent) 








Corporations report- 
ing no net income: 
Total for 1917.... 
Total for 1916.... 


119,347 
134,269 


34 
39 


$5,153,234,312 
2,796,534,046 


$5,782,841,874 
3,453,438,457 


112 
123 


1. $629, 607, 562 
1666,904,411 




Ijicrease for 

1917 

Ratio tototal for 1916 
(percent) 


J 14,922 




2,356,700,266 

84 


2,329,403,417 
67 




2 27,296,849 
















Grand total for 1917.. 
Grand total for 1916.. 


351,426 
341,253 


100 
100 


$84,693,239,203 
35,327,631,015 


$74,592,486,554 
27,218,626,442 


88 
77 


$10,730,360,211 
8,765,908,984 


13 
25 


Increase for 
1917 


10, 173 
3 




49,365,608,188 
140 


47,373,860,112 
174 




1,%4,451,227 
22 




Ratio to grand total 
for 1916 (percent).. 









War excess 
profits tax. 


Total tax. 




Income tax. 


Amount. 


Ratio 

to 

gross 

income. 


Ratio 

to 

net 

income. 


Corporations reporting net income: 

Total for 1917 


$503,698,029 
171,805,150 


$1,638,747,740 


$2,142,445,769 
171,805,150 


Per ct. 
3 
.53 


Per ct. 
20 


Total for 1916 


2 









Increase for 1917 


331,892,879 
193 




1,970,640,619 
1,147 






Ratio to total for 1916 (per cent) 
















Grand total for 1917 


503, 698, 029 


1,638,747,740 


2,142,445,769 
171,805,150 


3 
.49 


20 


Grand total for 1916 


171,805,150 


2 










Increase for 1917 


331,892,879 
193 




1,970,640,619 
1,147 






Ratio to grand total for 1916 (per cent) 

















iDeflcit. 
140190—19 2 



'Decrease. 



18 



STATISTICS OF INCOME. 



DISTKIBUTION OF CORPORATE INCOME BY INDUSTRIAL GROUPS. 

The following table shows the returns of corporations distributed 
b}^ industrial groups and divided into those reporting net income and 
those reporting no net income. 

Distribution of corporate, income by industrial groups, divided into those reporting wl 
income and those reporting no net income, calendar year 1917 . 



Industrial groups. 



Agriculture and related 
Industries.. 

Mining and quarrying . 

Manufacturing . . .". 

Construction 

Transportation and 
other public utilities. 

Trade 

Personal service 

Finance , 

Inactive concerns and 
concerns whose busi- 
ness was not deflnod . . 

Total 



Total 

number 

of cor- 

p orations 

reporting 



Corporations showing net income. 



Number. 



9, G60 
12, 949 
79,G42 
10, 743 

26,442 
91,057 
18,594 
(58, 3(52 



33, 977 



Per cent 
of total 
number 
of cor- 
porations 
reporting 
in each 
group. 



5, (533 
•5,371 

58, 788 
7,073 

18, 673 
72, 947 
12, 16P 
49, 1(55 



1,269 j 



58.31 
49.20 
73.81 
(55.84 

70.62 
80.11 
65.40 
71.92 



3.73 



Gross income. 



351,426 232,079 1 66.04 



S673, 441, 024 

3, 686, 300, 228 

-40,437,71(5,898 

1,252,798,052 

8,111,268,817 

19, 804, 255, 613 

957,612,542 

4,597,751,999 



18,859,718 



Total 
deductions. 



$575, 576, 398 

2, 737, 883, 616 

34,701,711,263 

1,127,981,867 

6,807,444,813 

18,323,194,833 

887, 831, 894 

3, 634, 891, 806 



13, 128, 190 



79,540,004,891 



68,809,644,680 



Net income. 



$97,864,626 

948,416,612 

5,738,005,6i35 

124, 816, 185 

1,303,824,004 

1,481,060,780 

69,780,648 

962, 860, 193 



5,731,528 



10,730,360,211 



Industriil groups. 



Agriculture and related industries 

Mining and quarrying 

-Miuiufafturing , 

Construction , 

Transportation and other public utilities . . . 

Trade 

Personal service 

Finance 

Inactive concerns and concerns whose busi- 
ness was not defined 

Total 



Corporation sho'wing net income. 



Income tax. 



War excess 
profits tax 



Total tax. 



44, 494, 220 

43, 791, 458 

263, 058, 008 

5,334,965 
66,597,817 
(18, 695, 143 

3, 507, 094 
47, 913, 264 

306, 060 



503, 698, 029 



$16,382,345 

168, 573, 561 

1,0(3.3,902,472 

24,390,255 

60,4.50,199 

256,152,243 

6, 962, 977 

41, 766, 797 

166, 891 



1, 638, 747, 740 



$20,876,565 

212,365,019 

1,326,960,480 

29, 725, 220 

127, 048, 016 

324,847,386 

10,470,071 

89, 680, 061 

472,951 



2,142,445,769 



Per cent 

of total 

tax. 



0.97 
9.91 

61. 93 
1.39 
5.93 

15.16 

.49 

4.19 

. 03 



100.00 



Industrial groups. 



Agriculture and related industries. . 

Mining 2nd quarrying 

Manufacturing 

Construction 

Transportation and other public 

utilities 

Trade 

Personal service 

Finance 

Inactive concerns and concerns 

whose business was not defined. . 

Total 



Corporations showing no net income. 



Number. 



4,027 

6,578 

20,854 

3,670 

7,769 
18,110 

6,434 
19, 197 

32,708 



Per cent 
of total 
number 
of cor- 
porations 
reporting 
in each 
group. 



41.69 
50.80 
26.19 
34.16 

29. 3S 
19.89 
34.60 
28. 08 

96.27 



flross income. 



Total deduc- 
tions. 



119,347 



33.96 



S103,304,963 

228,239,189 

1,762,918,585 

271,649,409 

413,828,414 

1,461.238,475 

277,071,645 

603,332,354 

31,651,278 



5,153,234,312 



Deficit . 



S123,692,884 

292,141,759 

1,940,191,468 

296,693,764 

473,973,325 

1,561,214,919 

307,285,568 

719,929,471 

67,718,716 



5,782,841,874 



120,387,921 
63,902,570 

177,272,883 
25,044,355 

1)0,144,911 
99,976,444 
30,213,923 
116,697,117 

36,067,438 



629,607,562 



STATISTICS OV INCOME. 



19 



SOURCES OF IXCOME AND XATUKE OF DEDUCTIONS. 

The factors entering into the composition of corporate income and 
deductions are given in the succeeding tahle, which shows by indus- 
trial groups the amounts received in aggregate by all corporations, 
both those reporting net income and those reporting no net income, 
from the principal sources of income and the amounts deducted accord- 
ing to the nature of the deduction. 

Di.ttnbutifm of corporctc income by sources of income and iiature of deductions, calendar 

year 1917. 



Industrial groups. 



Agriculture and related 
industrie.s 

Mining and quarrying 

Manufactming. . . .' 

Construction 

Transportation and other 
public utilities 

Trade 

Personal service 

Finance 

Inactive concerns and con- 
cerns whose business 
was not defined 



Sources of income. 



Gross sales 

and other 

income from 

operations. 



Nature of deductions. 



$743,198,308 

3,683,994,266 

41,116,373,110 

1,445,912,195 

7,305,473,770 

20,687,228,070 

1,142,542,031 

2,427,3.30,848 



44,124,966 



Cost of goods, 

other income, includes cost 

rents, royal- i of manufacture 

ties,divl- ; or production 

dends, etc. and cost of 

raw materials. 



Total 78,596,177,564 6,097,081,639 ' 43,687,462,955 



«33,547,679 

230,545,151 

1,084,262,373 

78,535,266 

1,219,623,461 

578, 266, 018 

92,142,156 

2,773,753,505 



6,386,030 



.?352,539,546 

1,388,807,595 

24,878,277,623 

752, 472, 277 

928,510,087 

14, 472, .523, 953 

301,389,647 

576,847,885 



36,094,342 



Labor, wages, 
commissions , 
not included 

in cost of 
manufactm'e 
or production 



.SS5,S87,779 

466,654,374 

3,315,532,996 

226, 655, 134 

487,256,627 

1,418,880,557 

312,676,395 

216.977,931 



7,935,370 



6,538,457,163 



Salaries of 
officers. 



S17, 405, 148 
37,508,814 

555,921,066 
48,761,590 

59, 062, 799 
401,785,534 

60,701,493 
191,993,195 



1,756,137 
1,374,895,776 





Nature of deductions. 


Industrial groups. 


Miscellaneous 
expenses, 

repairs, rents, 
royalties in 
lieu of rent. 


Interest paid. 


Depreciation 

and Domestic tax. 
depletion, j 


Total deduc- 
tions. 


Agricultiu-e and re- 
lated industries 

Mining and quarrying 
Manufacturing 


$186,745,761 

673,534,737 

6,431,816,470 


.$22,303,015 

70,519,958 

402. 8.34. 842 


$21,402,906 $12,985,127 

338,299,673 1 54,700,224 

724,428,231 ! 333,091,503 

24,319,745 j 7,141,000 

306,418,324 270,206,706 
133,981,018 120,295,692 
32,186,041 i 21,387,719 
87,784,600 i 217,780,612 

2,776,769 3,032,771 


$699,269,282 

3,030,025,375 

36,641,902,731 


Construction 


344,653,423 ! 20.' 672! 462 


1„424,675,631 


Transportation and 

other public utilities 

Trade 


4,543,560,333 
3,178,067,491 

447,184,678 
2, 298, 122, 629 

25,543,583 


686,403,262 

158,895,507 

19,591,489 

765,314,425 

3,707,934 


7,281,418,138 
19,884,409,7.52 


Personal ser\'ice 

Finance 

Inactive concerns and 
concerns whose bus- 
iness was not defined 


1,195,117,462 
4,3.54,821,277 

80,846,906 


Total 


18, 129, 229, 105 


2,1.50,242,894 


1,671,577,307 | 1,040,621,354 


74,592,486,554 



Industrial groups. 



I Net income be- 
j fore deducting 
[ income tax and 
I wai' excess 
profits tax. 



Agricultiu'e and related industries ' > .$77,476,705 

Mining and quarrying SS4, 514,042 

Manufacturing . . . ." j 5, 558, 732, 752 

Construction 99, 771, 830 

Transportation and other public util- 

ities ! 1 , 243, 679, 093 

Trade i 1, 381,084, 336 

Personal scrN-ice ! 39, 566, 725 

Finance i 846, 263,076 

Inactive concerns and concerns whose 

business was not defined i 30, 335, 910 

Total ! 10, 100, 752, 649 



Income and 
war excess 
profits tax. 



Net income 
I after deducting 
income and 
war excess 
profits tax. 



$20, 876, 565 

212,365,019 

1,326,960,480 

29, 725, 220 

127,048,016 

324, 847, .386 

10,470,071 

89,680,061 



$56, 600, 140 

672,149,023 

4,231,772,272 

70,047,610 

1,116,631,077 

1,056,236,950 

29,096,654 

756,583,015 



472,951 130,808,861 



2,142,445,769 7,958,307,880 



Total gross 
income.. 



$776,745,987 

3,914,539,417 

42,200,635,483 

1,524,447,461 

8,525,097,231 

21,265,494,088 

1,234,684,187 

5,201,084,35;) 

50, 510, 990 



84,693,239,203 



" Deficit. 



20 



STATISTICS OF INCOME. 



In the table immediately following the amounts reported by cor- 
porations, as shown above, according to sources of income and nature 
of deductions, are expressed in percentages to show the proportionate 
distribution of the total gross income. 

Sourcts of corporate income and nature of deductions by industrial groups, showing 
amounts returned expressed in percentages, calendar year 1917. 





Sources of income." 




Nature of deductions. 




Industrial groups. 


Gross 
sales and 
other 
income 
from 
opera- 
tions 


Other 
income, 

rents, 
royalties, 

divi- 
dends, 

etc. 


Cost of 
goods; 
includes 
cost of 
manufac- 
ture or 
produc- 
tion and 
cost of 
raw 
material. 


Labor, 
wages, 
commis- 
sions not 
included 
in cost of 
manufac- 
ture or 
produc- 
tion. 


Salaries 

of 
officers. 


Miscel- 
laneous 
expenses, 
repairs, 
rents, 
royalties 
in lieu 
of rent. 


Interest 
paid. 


Agriculture and related indus- 


95.65 
94.13 
97.45 
94.85 

85.69 
97.25 
92.53 
46.67 

87.37 


4.35 
5.87 
2.55 
5.15 

14.31 
2.75 

7.47 
53.33 

12.63 


45.37 
35.48 
58.96 
49.36 

10.89 
68.05 
24.41 
11.09 

71.47 


11.05 
11.92 

7.86 
14.87 

5.72 

6.67 

25.32 

4.17 

15.71 


2.24 

.96 

1.32 

3.20 

.69 
1.89 
4.92 
3.69 

3.48 


24.04 
17.21 
15.24 
22.61 

53.30 
14.94 
36.22 
44.19 

50.58 


2.87 


Mining and quarrying 


1.80 


Manufacturing. 

Construction 

Transportation and other pub- 
lic utilities 


.95 
1.35 

8.05 


Trade 

Personal service 


.75 
1.59 


Finance 

Inactive concerns and concerns 
whose business was not de- 
fined 


14.72 
7.34 


Grand total 


92.81 


7.19 


51.59 


7.72 


1.62 


21.41 


2.54 








Nature of deductions. 


Net in- 
come be- 
fore de- 
ducting 
income 
tax and 

war 
excess 
profits 

tax. 


Income 

and war 

excess 

profits 

tax. 


Net in- 
come after 
deducting 
income 
and war 
excess 
profits 
tax. 




industrial groups. 


Deprecia- 
tion and 
deple- 
tion. 


Domestic 
tax. 


Total de- 
ductions. 


Total 
gross in- 
come. 


AgricultiU'e and related indus- 
tries 


2.77 
8.64 
1.72 
1.59 

3.59 

.63 

2.61 

1.69 

5.50 


1.68 

1.41 

.79 

.47 

3.17 

.67 

1.72 

4.19 

6.00 


90.02 
77.42 
86.84 
93.45 

85.41 
93.50 
96.79 
83.74 

160.08 


9.98 
22. 58 
13.16 

6.55 

14.59 
6.50 
3.21 

16.26 

0) 


2.69 
5.43 
3.14 
1.95 

1.73 
1.53 

.85 
1.72 


7.29 
17.15 
10.02 

4.60 

12.86 
4.97 
2.36 

14.54 


100.00 


Mining and quarrying 


100.00 


Manufacturing 


100.00 


Construction 


100.00 


Transportation and other pub- 
lic utilities 


100.00 


Trade 


100.00 




100.00 


Finance 


100.00 


Inactive concerns and concerns 
whose business was not de- 
fined . 












Grand total 


1.97 


1.24 i 88.09 


11.91 


2.52 


9.39 


100.00 











1 Deficit. 
RETURNS OF UNDISTRIBUTED NET INCOME. 

The revenue act of 1917 required every corporation to file a return 
and to pay a tax of 10 per cent upon such amount of net income 
remaining undistributed six months after the end of each calendar 
or fiscal year as was not actually invested and employed in the 
business or retained for em]:)loyment in the reasonable requirements 
of the business or was not invested in o])ligations of the United States 
issued after September 1, 1917. 

NumVjer of retiiriis filed 6, 038 

Total tux \4eld §775, 125. 12 



STATISTICS OF INCOME. 



21 



INCOME RETURNS BY STATES. 

COMBINED PERSONAL AND CORPORATE INCOME. 

The following table exhibits by States and Territories the com- 
bined personal and corporate incomes and income taxes for the 
calendar year 1917. In regard to this table the following is quoted 
from the "Statistics of Income, compiled from the returnsfor 1916": 

The figures do not represent, however, what may be caUed the geographical dis- 
tribution of income. They are based upon the returns filed in each State. An 
individual files his income-tax return in the State in which he resides and a corpora- 
tion files its income tax in the State in which its principal place of business is located. 
Consequently income reported by an indi^^dual or corporation in one State may have 
been derived from sources in other States. 

* * * From the foregoing it will be clear that there is no way of ascertaining 
trom the income-tax returns the amount of income earned in the respective States or 
the amount of tax paid on that basis. 

Returns by States and Territories. 



States and Territories. 



Alabama 

Alaska 

Arizona 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut 

Delaware 

District of Columbia 

Florida 

Georgia 

Hawaii 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Kentucky 

Louisiana 

Maine 

Maryland 

Massachusetts 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Missis.sippi 

Missouri 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Ilampshire 

New Jersey 

New Mexico 

New York 

North Carolina 

North Dakota 

Ohio 

Oklahoma 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania 

Rhode Island 

South Carolina 

South Dakota , 

Tennessee , 

Texas 

Utah 

Vermont 

Virginia 

Washington 

West Virginia 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming 

Total 

Net income (S1,000 to 
?2,000) 

Grand total 



Net income. 



Total personal. 



$60, 209, 562 

6, 508, 506 

31,954,008 

,58, 498, 287 

501, 451,. 546 

108, 657, 875 

199,926,724 

50, 597, 176 

82,375,392 

45,319,996 

116,171,112 

21,524,255 

33,835,514 

863,784,600 

202,595,926 

255,068,861 

161,275,002 

102,899,244 

115,896,180 

55,115,710 

208,011,789 

601,311,502 

302,002,410 

22.i,995,60J 

52, 550, 713 

306,300,187 

59,292,992 

202, 728, 895 

10,963,316 

35, 742, 296 

421,757,424 

20,892,721 

,439,736,148 

69,649,131 

49,053,723 

598,090,922 

139, 660, 858 

66,587,023 

,110,800,293 

93,663,069 

55,375,849 

85,434,860 

91,993,540 

296,541,8:37 

33,877,446 

24,815,804 

103,861,3.59 

126,775,115 

86,279,5.50 

175,150,2.53 

24,684,103 



Total 
corporate. 



$60, 



111,191,246,207 



31, 

23, 

322, 

96, 

181, 

128, 

34, 

18, 

73, 

38, 

1^, 

1,1.33, 

138, 

77, 

121, 

82, 

88, 

55, 

109, 

831, 

307, 

273, 

14, 

302, 

31, 

46, 

16, 
256, 

1-1, 

2,201, 

91, 

9, 

936, 
76, 
34, 
1,476, 
76, 
54, 
10, 
68, 

208, 
49, 
12, 

136, 
84, 

109, 

149, 
9, 



430, 518 
997, 554 
808,428 
999,993 
260,909 
761,318 
855, 545 
477, 428 
393, 560 
677, 504 
150, 726 
002,867 
951,419 
783, 726 
322,867 
849,313 
396,212 
895, 744 
178, 618 
824,560 
891,583 
735,324 
749, 892 
447, 667 
814,159 
119,274 
302, 667 
189,285 
805,024 
319,046 
292, 144 

592. 888 
11.5,746 
608,121 
795, 608 
483,205 
978, 232 

385. 889 
497, 279 
653,837 
561,6:34 
856, 357 
770,977 
191,837 
028,217 
6:30, 109 
977,815 
300,592 
543,951 
917,972 
785,041 



Total personal 
and corporate. 



S120,640,080 
7,506,060 

63,762,436 

82,498,280 
823,712,455 
205,419,193 
381,782,269 
179,074,604 
116,768,952 

63,997,500 
189,-321,838 

59,527,122 

48,786,933 
1,997,568,326 
340,918,793 
332,918,174 
282, 671, 214 
185,794,988 
204,074,798 
110,940,300 
317,903,372 
1,433,046,826 
609,752,302 
497, 443, 270 

67,364,872 
608,419,461 

90,595,659 
248, 918, 180 

14,768,340 

.52,061,342 
678,049,568 

3.5,485,609 

4, 640, 851, 894 

161,257,252 

.58,849,331 
1,534,574,127 
216,639,090 
100,972,912 
2, 587, 297, 572 
170,316,906 
109,937,483 

96,291,217 
160,764,517 
.i04,733,674 

S2, 905, 663 
37,445,913 
240,839,174 
211,075,707 
195, 823,. 501 
:f25, 068, 225 
:!4,469,144 



Per cent 

for each 

State. 



.49 

.03 

.26 

.34 

3.38 

.84 

1.57 

.74 

.48 

.26 

.78 

.24 

.20 

8.19 

1.40 

1.37 

1.16 

.76 

.84 

.46 

1.30 

5.88 

2.50 

2.04 

.28 

2.50 

.37 

1.02 

.06 

.21 

2.78 

.15 

19.03 

.66 

.24 

6.29 

.89 

.41 

10.61 

.70 

.45 

.59 

.66 

2.07 

.34 

.15 

.99 

.87 

.80 

1..33 

.14 



Tax. 



21,921,606,4)8 
2,461,137,000 



10,7:^0,;360,211 24, b82, 743,418 



10. 10 
100.00 



Total personal! Per cent 
corporate and for each 
partnership. State. 



.60 
.01 
.27 
.21 
2.75 



$17,614,492 

373,648 

7, 746, 771 

6,242,757 

80,390,805 

19,9.35,790 

55,939,355 

38,937,754 

9,062,963 

4,122,463 

16,235,369 

12,896,316 

3,290,146 

272,085,689 

34,710,086 

17,864,890 

25,266,070 

20,705,414 

25,052,123 

10,988,253 

32,603,627 

199,333,095 

76,537,728 

58,017,257 

4,616,788 

68,790,636 

5,357,408 

11,904,415 

679, 598 

4,983,417 

7:3, 640, 865 

3,969,076 

676, 277, 636 

2:3,667,705 

3,027,652 

254,297,025 

21,:334,19( 

9,869,571 

478,235,23- 

26,375,451 

11,105,36.- 

2,8-36,881 

16,743,703 

51,825,608 

8,677,866 

3,857,415 

23,373,099 

18,678,184 

32,256,654 

36,698,043 

2,550,858 



1.92 

1.33 

.31 

.14 

.56 

.44 

.11 

9.31 

1.19 

.61 

.87 

.70 

.86 

.38 

1.12 

6.83 

2.62 

1.99 

.16 

2.35 

.18 

.41 

.02 

.17 

2.52 

.14 

23.15 

.81 

.10 

.8.70 

.73 

..34 

16.37 

.90 

.38 

.10 

. 57 

1.77 

.30 

.13 

.80 

.64 

1.10 

1.26 

.09 



(■2) 



2,921,583,203 I 100.00 



Net incomes of $2,000 and over. 2 No tabulation was made of the tax returned by incomes under ?2.00O. 



22 



STATISTICS OF INCOME. 



FOREIGN INCOME REPORTED ON PERSONAL RETURNS. 

Foreign incomes of $50 and over (interest on bonds of foreign 
countries, dividends and interest on stocks and bonds of foreign 
corporations, salaries from foreign corporations, and income from 
business in foreign countries) reported in personal returns showing 
net incomes of $2,000 and over. 

Number of returns reporting income from foreign sources 33, 470 

Total amount ?45, 349, 590 

FOREIGN INVESTMENTS IN THE UNITED STATES. 

The income reported by nonresident aliens and corporations con- 
trolled by nonresident aliens is shown m Table 21. The number of 
personal returns was 3,602, reporting net income of $75,926,572, 
and total tax (normal, surtax, and war excess-profits tax) amount- 
ing to $7,116,824. The total number of foreign corporations making 
returns was 838, of which number 706 showed a net income aggre- 
gating $62,692,382, and total tax amounting to $5,692,224. 

PROGRESS OF INCOME TAXATION. 

A general review of the increase in the number of returns and 
income reported for the years since the inception of the present 
epoch of income taxation is given in the following comparative 
tables: 

Number of personal returns, calendar years 1914-1917 , hi/ income (iassr~i. 



Income classes. 



$1,000 to 52,000 

$2,000 to S2, 500 

$2,500 to S3, 000 

$3,000 to $4,000 

$4,000 to $5,000 

$5,000 to $10,000 

$10,000 to $15,000 

$15,000 to 820,000 

$20,000 to $25,000 

$25,000 to $30, 000 

$30,000 to $40,000 

$40,000 to $50,000 

$50,000 to $100,000. . . . 
$100,000 to $150,000. . 
$150,000 to $200,000. .. 
$200,000 to $250,000. . . 
$250,000 to $.300,000. . . 
$300,000 to $400,000. . . 
$400,000 to $500,000. . . 
$500,000 to $1,000,000. 
$1,000,000 and over... 



Total. 



Married women making returns separate from husbands . 
Total number of returns filed 



1914 



1915 



357,515 



357,515 



82, 754 


69,045 


66,525 


58,949 


27,448 


120,402 


34, 141 


34,102 


15, 790 


16,475 


8,672 


9,707 


5,483 


6,196 


6, 008 


7,005 


3, 185 


4,100 


5,161 


6,847 


1,189 


1,793 


406 


724 


233 


^86 


130 


216 


147 


254 


69 


122 


114 


209 


60 


120 



336, 652 



336,652 



1916 



85,122 

72, 027 

150,553 

45,309 

22, 618 

12,953 

8,055 

10,088 

5,611 

10,452 

2,900 

1,284 

726 

427 

469 

245 

376 

206 



429, 401 
2 7,635 



437,036 



1917 



1,640,758 

480,486 

358,221 

374,958 

185,805 

270,666 

65,800 

29,896 

16,806 

10,571 

12, 733 

7,087 

12,439 

3,302 

1,302 

703 

342 

380 

179 

315 

141 



3,472,? 
(2) 



3.472,890 



1 The returns for 1913 are omitted, as thev pertain only to the last 10 months of that year. 

2 The net incomes roported on separate returns made l^y husband and wife in 1916 are conbined ;uid 
included as one return in the figures for tlie se\ eral classes. In 1914, 1915, and 1917 the returns of married 
women filed separately are included in their individual income classes independent of husbands' income. 



I 



STATISTICS OF INCOME. 

Cordparatirc yearb/ returns of net ivcomc. 
PERSONAL. 



23 



Year. 


Number of 
returns. 


Net income. 


Increase from 
year to year. 


1913. . 


' 357 59S 
1357,515 
1 336, 652 
1437,036 
S3, 472, 890 


2 «3 pnn nno nnn 




1914 


2 4,000,000^000 


SSI 00 000 01 Nl 


1915 


2 4, 600, 000, 000 600, 000 000 


1916. .' 


6,300,000,000 1,700 000 000 


1917 


13,700,000,000 7 400 OOo'oim) 









CORPORATE. 



Year. 



1909 
1910 
1911 
1912 
1913 
1914 
1915 
1916 
1917. 



Total 
number 
of returns. 



262,490 
270,202 
2S8, 352 
305,336 
316,909 
6 299,445 
6 366,443 
341,253 
351,426 



Returns 
showing 
taxable 
income. 



1 52, 498 

< 54,040 
* 55, 129 

< 61, 116 
188,866 
174,205 
190,911 
206,984 
232,079 



Returns 

showing 

no taxable 

income. 



209,992 
216, 162 
233,223 
244,220 
128,043 
125,240 
175,532 
134,269 
119,347 



Net incomes. 



$3,590, 
3,761, 
3,503, 
4,151, 
4,714, 
3,940, 
5,310, 
8, 765, 

10,370, 



000,000 
000,000 
000,000 
000, 000 
000,000 
000,000 
000,000 
900,000 
400,000 



Increase from 
year to year. 



$171,000,000 
6 258,000,000 
648,000,000 
563,000,000 
5 774,000,000 
1,370,000,000 
3,4.55,900,000 
1,604,500,000 



1 Returns reporting net income of 33,000 and over. 

2 Determined on the basis of the number of returns filed and the axerage net income in each class. 
2 Returns reporting net incomes of $1,000 and over. 

■1 Returns showing net income in e.'ccess of $5,000 e-xemption. 
6 Decrease. 

6 1915 contains approximately 30,000 returns showing no net income wliich properly belong and should 
be included in 1914. (See Annual Report, Commissioner of Internal Revenue, 1916, p. 26.) 



Com paralive yearly inconu 


'-tax y'ldd. 






Year. 


Personal. 


Partnership. 


Normal tax. 


Additional 
tax. 


War excess 
profits tax. 


Total tax. 


War excess 
profits tax. 


19131 


$12,728,038 
16,559,493 
23,995,777 
51,440,558 

140,653,937 


$15,525,497 

24,480,669 

43,947,818 

121,946,136 

433,345,732 




$28,253,535 

41,046,162 

67,943,595 

173,386,694 

675,249,450 




19141.. 






19151 






1916« 






1917 


$101,249,781 


$103,887,984 





Year. 


Corporation. 


Grand total. 


Income tax. 


War excess 
profits tax. 


Total tax. 


1913 1 


3 $43, 127, 740 




3 $43,127,740 
39,144,532 
56,993,657 
171,805,150 

2,142,445,769 


$71,381,275 


1914 1 


39, 144,. 532 

56,993,6.57 

171,805,1.50 

503,698,029 




80,190,694 


19151 




124, 937, 252 


1916 2 




345,191,844 


1917 


$1,638,747,740 


2,921,583,203 





1 Annual report of the Commissioner of Internal Revenue for the fiscal year ended June 30, immediately 
following the years shown above. 

2 Statistics of income, compiled from the returns filed for 1916. 

3 Includes excise tax, $10,671,077. Act of Aug. 5, 1909. 

• RespectfuJlv, 

Daniel C. Ropek, 
Commissioner of Internal Revenue, 
Approved: 

Carter Glass, 

Secretary of the Treasury. 



24 



STATISTICS OF INCOME. 



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;oooooooooooo 
5.0 »o 00 00 00 00 0^0 
i'c^'"CN"co'cQ''^''rtrif3"»o'o"tCiyfar 
L- (y3 «y? r/:' w v? •■/;■ vi- 'x» '/.► v* <•/> ^ 



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STATISTICS OF INCOME, 



27 



'C O CO »0 -^ "^ CS Q 
~. OC O O CO « t~ >« 


° 




-JC CO o o 5 --o 'J5 ^ 


o 
>o 

00 
CO 


;f X. ^ O O 2 O — 
f- S t-^ CO t^ c o t- 


163 

219 

360 

614 

984 

1,499 

1,760 

4,937 


O r^ CO O O c<? u; o 

-T- -r t» r- ^ -^ rjc ~» 

v: ~5 t^ o o o o C3 


of 

CO 


i'-5 '5 tS S CO ci oc o 

X 'J" — ■ c-> o -r o t^ 




1,422,518 
865, 465 
209, 804 
807,754 




o<r 


oo> cooocjoto 

CO 00 lO CO t^ o » 


CO 

in 
c5 

c-r 


•* 00 -^ »0 CO c; CO 
QC^JCO— lOO CO 
5 CO C<l CO C-1 


C0 05C<I-*"30-1>J- 

t~ c-j -H c^ c 05 o c: 


01 




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— ' t- -^ 03 00 LO CO cs] 
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CO 
CO 




to tS 00 -t" M I^ O C 

osoocooor^cococs 
o 00 er: lO t^ C-. .-o -a 


r^ 

§ 




1,608 
728 
684 

1,170 

656 

133 

19 

91 






0» t~ "5 O -* O O 0< 


J S 
^ 




OC0U3C0CO;0(N»- 


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28 



STATISTICS OF INCOME. 



TABLE 3.— PERSONAL RETURNS— SIMPLE AND CUMtTLATIVE DIS- 
TRIBUTION BY INCOME CLASSES. 



(Income returned for tbe calendar year ended Dec. .31, 1917.) 



Income class. 



Returns. 



Simple distribution. 



Number 
in each 
class. 



Per cent 
of total. 



Cumulative distribu- 
tion. 



Over the 
class below. 



Under the 
class above 



Cumulative 
percentages. 



Over 

the class 

below. 



Under 

the class 

above. 



$1,000 to $2,000 

$2,000 to $2,.500 

$2,500 to $3,000 

83,000 to $4,000 

$4,000 to .'SS.OOO 

85,000 to $6,000 

$6,000 to $7,000 

.$7,000 to SS.OOO 

$8,000 to $9,000 

$9,000 to $10, 000 

$10,000 to $11,000 

$11,000 to $12,000 

$12,000 to $13,000 

$13,000 to $14,000 

$14,000 to $1.5,000 

$15,000 to $20,000 

$20,000 to $25,000 

$25,000 to $30,000 

$30,000 to $40,000 

$40,000 to $50,000 

$50,000 to $60,000 

$60,000 to $70,000 

870,000 to $S0,000 

.$80,000 to $90,000 

$90,000 to $100,000 

$100,000 to $150,000... 
$150, 000 to $200, 000... 
$200,000 to $2.50,000.... 
$250,000 to $300,000... 
$300,000 to $400,000. . . 
$400,000 to $500 000... 
.$500,000 to $750,000. . . 
$750,000 to $1,000,000.. 
$1,000,000 to $1,500,000 
$1,500,000 to $2,000,000 
$2,000,000 to $3,000,000 
$3,000,000 to -$4,000,000 
$4,000,000 to $5,000,000 
$5, 000, 000 and over... 

Grand total 



1,640,758 

480,486 

358,221 

374,958 

185,805 

105, 988 

64,010 

44,363 

.31,769 

24, 536 

19,221 

15,035 

12,328 

10,427 

8,789 

29, 896 

16,806 

10, .571 

12, 733 

7,087 

4,541 

2,954 

2,222 

1,539 

1,183 

3,302 

1,302 

703 

342 

380 

179 

225 

90 

67 

33 

24 

5 

8 

4 



47.25 
13.84 
10.32 
10.80 
5.35 
3.05 
1.84 
1.28 
.91 
.71 
.55 
.43 
.35 
.30 
.25 
.86 
.48 
.30 
.37 
.20 
.13 
.09 
.06 
.04 
.03 
.10 
.04 
.02 
.01 
.01 
.01 
.01 
.003 
.002 
.001 
.001 
.001 
.001 
.001 



3, 472, 890 



3,472,890 

1,832,132 

1,351,646 

993, 425 

618,467 

432, 662 

326, 674 

262, 664 

218,301 

186,532 

161,996 

142, 775 

127, 740 

11.5,412 

104,985 

96, 196 

66, 300 

49, 494 

38,923 

26, 190 

19, 103 

14, 562 

11,608 

9,386 

7,847 

6,664 

3,362 

2,060 

1,357 

1,015 

635 

456 

231 

141 

74 

41 

17 

12 

4 



1,640,758 
2,121,244 
2, 479, 465 
2.854,423 
3,040,228 
3,146,216 
3.210.226 
3,254,589 
3. 286, 3.58 
3,310,894 
3,330,115 
3,345,150 
3,357,478 
3,367,905 
3,376,694 
3,406,590 
3,423,396 
3,433,967 
3,446,700 
3, 453, 787 
3,458,328 
3,461,282 
3,463,504 
3,465,043 
3,466,226 
3, 469, 528 
3,470,830 
3, 471, 533 
3,471,875 
3, 472, 255 
3. 472, 434 
3; 472, 659 
3,472,749 
3,472,816 
3,472,849 
3,472,873 
3, 472, 878 
3,472,886 
3, 472, 890 



100. 00 

52.75 

38.91 

28.59 

17.79 

12.44 

9.39 

7.55 

6.27 

5.36 

4.65 

4.10 

3.67 

3.32 

3.02 

2.77 

1.91 

1.43 

1.13 

.76 

.56 

.43 

.34 

.28 

.24 

.21 

.11 

.07 

.05 

.04 

.03 

.02 

.01 

.007 

.005 

.004 

.003 

.002 

.001 



47. 2.i 
61.0*) 
71.41 
82.21 
S7. 56 
90.61 
92.45 
93.73 
94. 64 
95. 35 
95.90 
96.33 
96. 6S 
96.98 
97.23 
98.0!) 
98.57 
98.87 
99.24 
99.44 
99.57 
99.66 
99. 72 
99.76 
99.79 
99.89 
99.9.3 
99. 95 
99.96 
99.97 

99.9;> 
99.99 
99.993 
99.995 
99.996 
99.997 
99.998 
99.999 
100.00 



Income class. 



Net income. 



Simple distribution. 



Amount in 
each class. 



Per cent 
of total. 



Cumulative distribution. 



Over the class 
below. 



Under the class 
above. 



Cumulative per- 
centages. 



Over 

the class 
below, 



Under 
the class 
above. 



■$1,000 to $2,000... 
$2,000 to $2,500... 
$2,500 to $3,000... 
$3,000 to $4, 000... 
84,000 to $5,000... 
$5,000 to $6,000... 
$6,000 to $7,000... 
$7,000 to $8,000... 
$8,000 to $9,000... 
$9,000 to 810,000.. 
$10,000 to $11,000. 
811,000 to $12,000. 
$12,000 to $13,000. 
.$13,000 to $14,000. 
814,000 to $15,000. 
$1.5,000 to $20,000. 
.$20,000 to $2,5,000. 
$25,000 to $30,000 . 
$30,000 to $40,000. 
$40,000 to $.50,000. 
$50,000 to $60,000. 
.$60,000 to 870,000. 



82, 461 
1,085 
978 
1,287 
828 
578 
414, 
333, 
269, 
231, 
201, 
172, 
1.53, 
140, 
127, 
515, 
.374, 
288, 
438, 
315 
248, 
190, 



,137,000 
,990,827 
986,501 
287,859 
,.576,742 
763,780 
007. .386 
309; 938 
674,124 
7,52,860 
554,224 
895,924 
.830,839 
692,242 
3.52,013 
967,240 
873,137 
48.5,260 
.534,809 
300,014 
475,042 
304.946 



18.04 
7.95 
7.17 
9.43 
6. 07 
4.24 
3.03 
2.44 
1.98 
1.70 
1.48 
1.27 
1.13 
1.03 
.93 
3.78 
2.74 
2.11 
3.21 
2.31 
1.82 
1.39 



.$13,652, 
11,191, 
10,105, 
9,126, 
7,8.38, 
7,010, 
6,431, 
6,017, 
5,684, 
5,414, 
5,182, 
4,981, 
4,808, 
4,654, 
4,. 513, 
4,386, 
3,870, 
3,495, 
3,207, 
2,768, 
2,453, 
2,204, 



383,207 
246, 207 
255,380 
268,879 
981,020 
404,278 
640,498 
633,112 
323,174 
649, 050 
896, 190 
341,966 
446,042 
015,203 
922,961 
570,948 
603,708 
730,571 
245,311 
710,502 
410,488 
935, 446 



82,461, 

3,547, 

4,526, 

5,813, 

6,641, 

7,220, 

7,634, 

7,968, 

8,237, 

8,469, 

8,671, 

8,843, 

8,997, 

9,138, 

9, 265, 

9,781. 

10,156, 

10,445, 

10,883. 

11,198, 

11,447, 

11,637, 



137,000 
127,827 
114,328 
402,187 
978,929 
742,709 
750,095 
060,033 
734,157 
487, 017 
041,241 
937, 165 
768,004 
460,246 
812,259 
779,499 
652,636 
137, 896 
672,705 
972,719 
447,761 
752,707 



100.00 
81.96 
74.01 
66.84 
57.41 
51.34 
47.10 
44.07 
41.63 
39.65 
37.95 
36.47 
35.20 
34.07 
33.04 
32.11 
28.33 
25.59 
23.48 
20.27 
17.96 
16.14 



18.04 
25.99 
33.16 
42.59 
48.66 
52.90 
,55.93 
.58. 37 
60. .35 
62.05 
63., 53 
64.80 
65.93 
66.96 
67. 89 
71.67 
74.41 
76. .52 
79.73 
82.04 
83.80 
85. 2r, 



STATISTICS OF INCOME. 



29 



TABLE 3.— PERSONAL RETTJBNS— SIMPLE AND CUMULATIVE DIS- 
TRIBUTION BY INCOME CLASSES— Continued. 





Net income. 


Income class. 


Simple distribution. 


Cumulative distribution. Cumulative per- 
; centages. 




Amount in 
each class. 


Per cent 
of total. 


Over the class 
below. 


Under the class 
above. 


Over 
the class 
below. 


Under 
the class 
above. 


870,000 to $80,000 


165,350,717 
131,133,311 
111,630,319 
400,492,040 
223,982,310 
157,131,303 
93,538,347 
130,749,858 
79,155,111 
136,690,441 
77,940,829 
80,413,549 
56,286,944 
58,724,464 
16.898,985 
37,269,593 
57,242,379 


1.21 

.96 

.82 

2.93 

1.64 

1.15 

.69 

.96 

.58 

1.00 

.57 

.59 

.41 

.43 

.12 

.27 

.42 


2,014,630,500 

1,849,279,783 

1,718,146,472 

1,606,516,153 

1,206,024,113 

982,041,803 

824,910,500 

731,372,153 

600,622,295 

521,467,184 

384,776,743 

306,835,914 

226,422,365 

170,135,421 

111,410,957 

94,511,972 

.i^?. 242. 379 


11,803,103,424 id 7"^ 


86.46 
87 42 


580,000 to S90,000 


11,934,2.36,735 
12,045,867,054 
12,446,359,094 
12,670,341,404 
12.827,472,707 
12,921,011,054 


13-54 
12.58 
11.76 
8.83 
7.19 


590,000 to 5100,000 




5100,000 to $150,000 


91 17 


-5150,000 to 5200,000 


92.81 
93.96 
94.65 
95 61 


5200,000 to 5250,000 


5250,000 to 5300,000 


5300,000 to 5400,000 


13,051,760,912 : 5.35 
13,130,916,023 i 4.39 
12,267,606,464 3-81 
13,345,547,293 1 2.81 
13,425,960,842 1 2.24 
13,482,247,786 j 1.65 
13,540,972,250 . 1.24 
13,557,871,235 .81 
13,595,140,828 ' .69 
13,652.383,207 | .42 


5400,000 to $500,000 


96 19 


$500,000 to $750,000 


97.19 
97.76 
98.35 
98.76 
99.19 
99.31 
99.58 
100.00 


$750,000 to $1.000,000 

51,000,000 to Sl,.500,000 

5l,.500,000 to $2,000,000 

82,000,000 to $3,000,000 

53,000,000 to $4,000,000 

84,000,000 to §5,000,000 

$5,000,000 and over 






Grand total 


13,652,383,207 


1 1 






' 





Income class. 



5 1,000 to $2,000 

$2,000 to 52,500 

82,500 to $3,000 

53,000 to $4,000 , 

$4,000 to 55,000 

55,000 to $6,000 

56,000 to $7,000 

57,000 to $8,000 

58,000 to $9,000 

59,000 to $10,000 

510,000 to 511,000 

$11,000 to 512,000 

$12,000 to 513,000 

513,000 to $14,000 

$14,000 to 515,000 

515,000 to 520,000 

520,000 to $25,000 

825,000 to 530,000 

■530,000 to $40,000 

540,000 to $50,000 

$50,000 to $60,000 

.560,000 to $70,000 

570,000 to 580,000 

580,000 to $90,000 

890,000 to $100,000 

5100,000 to $150.000.... 

•5150,000 to 5200,000 

$200,000 to $250.000.... 

8250,000 to $300,000 

$300,000 to $400,000.... 
5400,000 to $500,000.... 
5500,000 to $750,000.... 
•5750,000 to $1,000,000.. 
51,000,000 to $1,500,000. 
51,500,000 to $2,000,000. 
$2,000,000 to $3,000,000. 
•53,000,000 to .54,000,000. 
54,000,000 to $5,000,000. 
$5,000,000 and over 



Tax (income tax, surtax, and war excess profits tax). 



Simple distribution. 



Amount 
in each class. 



Grand total. 



0) 

$3,541 

5,555 

9,802: 

8,481' 

8,418 

9,088 

10,019 

8,824, 

7,714, 

7, 287, 

6, 889, 

6, 328, 

6, 201, 

5, 972, 

a5,824, 

22, 190, 

19,234, 

31,865, 

25,493, 

21,908, 

18,661, 

16,612, 

14,375, 

13,468, 

55, 766, 

37,259, 

30,008, 

19,450, 

29,217, 

21,010. 

36,853, 

22, 495, 

24,170, 

20,291, 

23,633, 

7, 495, 

14,084, 

19, 750, 



,568 
810 
,256 
,201 
,718 
,735 
,820 
209 
907 
605 
735 
994 
960 
147 
400 
308 
340 
843 
161 
907 
822 I 
348 
890 ! 
589 i 
236 t 
152 
269 
736 I 
575 
023 
840 I 
347 j 
786 1 
070 I 
040 
093 1 
085 j 
925 I 



Per 

cent 

of 

total. 



Cumulative distribution. 



Over the 
class below. 



.52 I 
.82 I 
1.45 I 
1.26 i 
1.25 
1.35 I 
1.48 i 
1.31 ! 
1.14 i 
1.23 I 
1.02 ! 
.94 ! 
.92 
1.03 

3.82 

3.29 

2.85 

4.72 

3.77 

3.24 

2.76 

2.46 

2.13 

1.99 

8.26 

5.53 

4.44 

2.88 

4.33 

2.81 

5.46 

3.33 

3.58 

3.01 

3.50 

1.11 

2.09 

2.92 



675, 249, 450 



0) 
5675, 249, 4.50 
671,707,882 
666,152,072 
656,349,816 
647,868,615 
639,449,897 
630,361,162 
620,341,342 
611,517,133 
003,802,226 
596,514,621 
589,624,886 
583, 295, 892 
577,093,932 
571,121,785 
545,297,385 
523,107,077 
503,872,737 
472, 006, 894 
446, 513, 733 
424,604,826 
405,943,004 
389, 330, 656 
374,954,766 
361,486,177 
305,719,941 
268, 460, 789 
238,452,520 
219,001,784 
189,784,209 
168,774,186 
131,920,346 
109,424,999 
85,254,213 
64,963,143 
41,330,103 
33, 835, 010 
19,750.925 



Under the 
class below. 



83,541,568 

9,097,378 

18, 899, 634 

27,380,835 

35, 799, 553 

44, 888, 288 

.54,908,108 

63,732,317 

71,447,224 

78,734,829 

85,624,564 

91,955,558 

98,155,518 

104, 127, 665 

129,952,065 

152, 142, 373 

171,376,713 

203,242,556 

228, 735, 717 

250,644,624 

269,306,446 

285,918,794 

300, 294, 684 

313,763,273 

369,529,509 

406,788,661 

436,796,930 

4.56,247,666 

485,465.241 

506, 475, 264 

543, 329, 104 

565,824,451 

589,995,237 

610,286,307 

633, 919, 347 

641,414,440 

655,498,525 

675, 249, 450 



Cumulative 
percentages. 



Over 

the 
class 
below. 



100.00 
99.48 
98.66 
97.21 
95.95 
94.70 
93.35 
91.87 
90.56 
89.42 
88.19 
87.17 
86.23 
85.31 
84.28 
80.46 
77.17 
74.32 
69.60 
65.83 
62.59 
59.83 
57.37 
55.24 
53.25 
44.99 
39.46 
35.02 
32.14 
27.81 
25.00 
19.54 
16.21 
12.63 
9.62 
6.12 
5.01 
2.92 



Under 

the 

class 

above. 



0.52 

1.34 

2.79 

4.05 

5.30 

6.65 

8.13 

9.44 

10.58 

11.81 

12.83 

13.77 

14.69 

15.72 

19.54 

22.83 

25.68 

30.40 

34.17 

37.41 

40.17 

42.63 

44.76 

46.75 

55.01 

60.54 

64.98 

67.86 

72.19 

75.00 

80.46 

83.79 

87.37 

90.38 

93.88 

94.99 

97.08 

100.00 



' No tabulation was made of the tax returned by incomes under $2,000. 



30 



STATISTICS OF INCOME. 



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STATISTICS OF INCOME. 



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^OCOCO»OCO^^^-00^*OOiC<lfOTJ1cOI— (OiO'-H'TtiicaiOiC^OicCOCOCOtJOcOTrOiOCOOiO 
</: ^oOi-^ccOiC^t^i:^t^T-H*ooO'-Hcct:^i-HcOcONOi":'r^"rj«'^OcOr-H»0'^cOT-^osoocrr)0 

e*& CO*-li-l rW OseCrfCqT-Hi-H COCOCM^CC-HCC -^ "^ CDN 



rH■^l005coGOooolOQO■^alcococol^Tr'^-o<y^0500co■^t--Cl'fl'«D■^t'cocoT-Hc/:lOu^"^ 



C^i-HOOi— iCXriC^^CnCvl^t'C^OlGOl^OiCO'— 't^i— 'tTJiOC^-— ICOCOOll---'— ITT 



O CO t^ 03 000 



C^ai050cni-HTrOCOOCOCC»OCCCCOOl03COt^:Dt^O«0^i— lOOCCOiOC^C^CDrr-^OJOO 



Oi Oi 1— ( GO "^ - 



•^ClCOOOOC^CCi-*t 



Cvti^TTt't^i— l-^iO.-lOO(NOGiC-OCiOOO'-HaiI^-Ot-Ot^Olt 



DCCCOOOO'^CC05"^i-HO'-<Tf(N:OiOCOt'^000005COOOCO 



iCcococoooair-o:(N»oocot--T-i-^cDi-Ht-^t— lOiooc. occQC^ 



Hi-(iO(N CO 



^C^'^OCOCOI^-'^OCCv:)!—! 



O CO 00 CC N CO T-H t^ O r-4 CO 1-H O N CC i— I CZ) »-l C^ i-H CO 



oococoi>-'n'ooc<i"^cst^oioo--**coccooi'^w:>c<»coTrr-*coot-^cocsco»oocococoi-tcDi— t 
^^^^"^OC5':Dcoc^<x^o■^c^05'-HOcoo^-■'-^c^^>•"^'^cD-T^o--■2coQC^:-t^■^c^^c^cnco 
osooi— icoi>''-HcO'— <oc^ocooc>t--a5'-Hoooo(McococococsiTrocooiOr^'^c^c^occoo 

c^r-ri-^T4^T:t^i--r.--rTr"io*orco^c^i>rci6'»rrc!ru^crcroro oo^'^io" oT-^ ■^oiNcoccTrcococ^ioGc 

-— — -- — — ^..-. — — ..-. — •"^iC"*^ >Oi— t-^ CD cOi— (i-hOC*^ 



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STATISTICS OF INCOME. 



37 



.-ir-.-^c^OitD'^rt'-^ocoirccr. <M 



CMCDtP^C^Ic 



■^ •— I 05 CO •— I CO O ■■ 



c^-^wicr-cDcoic-^or*»-<ooo 



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^HTf'CsiocNit^i-tr^ao-T^-ocsiro 



'cDtocD'O^ r^cocot-»c^ 



COOiOOiOcCC^JtOOiOr-t-rrGiOO 



t^ GO oC' r-^ '^ 1— ' c 



■< CO CO ^- >— < CO as 



o03Ci03r^cocoai(Mco(M^^as^ 
i-HOic^oco^TOOiO'-<(Ncsic^ao 



^COi-Ii-HCOC^iCfH 



CM COOfM 



OiOOOfMOliOt^b-TTii-ICDr^COOO 

COOSO'^(N-^t^'^CSICOOOu:3rH-rr 
i-tTHrriOCOCOCOTticDC^Oi-^COt^ 



OiC'-<05'— <Oir--ri— i-TiC^-'— I.— I 
OOCCCM-ri— ii-HOO-^OiOOiTTCOO 



1— tiOOOiOOiO-^OSOOSI-^CMOi 
t*COCTiCO'^GCt^Oi»OOQC(MO 



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3 .-t M O CM C 



-rt-t^CMOost^'Mt^Oi-Haioos 

aDt^cococsjocMTrcoc^-rccMoo 



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t^cMcsiooot^otcccr^ocooor- 

"O'-tcOC^CDCCO'^'— ICOCOCOQC'OS 



aiCMco«-ftooO'rooaii--f--'-HGo 

CMrO'^OOCOC^CCOlI^C^'COO.-H 
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fOccooGO'^OfrocoTricoi;ct>--^co 

i-H CO 1-1 1-4 -t« i-H 1-H (M 



COtDOscOOOOSC^eO'^^'— iiCO 

OiOi— 'TTOi-HOCOcDCDiOOSOCcD 
t-^CiOOOtOiOCMQC-^T-tt-^i— iCM 



- ■OiJ^co^^oiiOio-^CMr-iooc; 
coaio-HC^-^ioiooir-coioc^aco 



t-* CM CS 00 I-" GO C 



D Oi t- Oi 1-H O 



i-Hr^c^iooi-^c^cooi— <^-05G0O 

CM GC CM .-1 COr^^ -^ -T* CM lO 



^COzOO-'^t^OSi— (OOOt^CO-*CM 

toO'-HOi-^cor^asoi^ociooioc 

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CM '-T^i-r-rrGo'ort'rTjro'r^u^io'Tjr 

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1 : ; c3 J ; : : : : : J : : 
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:^lI^ °3 « u • • t^ ^ ^.Wtp, d 



38 



STATISTICS OF INCOME. 



CpOOC0'^t--Cq^-asal1-HOf-^OCSOO■^001-H00Of-^O•-HG0050i'-^CDC^IC^Tt<C*:lC^W 

ooioo5ioioc^oir-.-Ht^(Mc*:}ooo:':or--aioi«— <.— »T 






Oc01—lGO^ccoiQ<^^lOco^(^:lCOC«tOw^^^lOlCGO^<^»^^:l<^^ 






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Tt'00Tt^C0^-^^-»Ol0l0lX'M»O0000OOiOC0^ClOcDcCC0 0C'CD^^Oi00'-HMcCO^-OcDTH't'05 

y?c^ooTt^oc^l^^oc^c^o5l^■^T)*cooc^oocoocDa^co--Ha501-HOi^OMooeooO'*ooooi^H 

OiOCOC005GO>0?OCCCCiOO>05CO<— "t^ClOCDi— trt<00CD^Or^<-H0SC^iO0iC^05OC0C000N 

MOOfOOOOOO^'OCDClCO'^GCiOCOOO-^J't^Oir^OiOCO cccoc^iOr~^a^cot^t>^'-^o^':o'<£p 

c^i-^ir^^t^ooicc^f^oc^cococ^t~-'-<*oa>'-iooo^i:Doooooit^r^ccoor^i-Hr^r^(X>c^^ 

^ csc*5"^o:coM»C'^o«— icooct^x)eci-t^cO'^'— <.— icooccwrtH t-^ N or^Ttrio'irrc<rM*'io' 

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STATISTICS OF INCOMK. 



39 






OcDr--eoc5"^i--'-H:Dr-i--iOCO 









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40 



STATISTICS OF I]SrCOM:K 



w V. 



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ccocoa-.-HCst^tNoooTHio.-^fC'Co^ 

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STATISTICS OF INCOMK. 



41 



r- c^ c/) i>» CO 



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OOCqO'M'^iOr^cOOOcDi— II— it-'^COOCS 
t-irHCOfOcDOSOOi— KNOO'^fiOl-^COl'-GOcCi 



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OOC*^OlOOcDOOi— iTjicDOOli-COC^C^ 



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lOCOO^i-li— lOOlOOOl-^OOOOOOcOcDcO 

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c^-»i*»C'— «c^-^cDXJi-<i— ic-ic^eo>Oi— ii-ic^ 



42 



STATISTICS OF INCOME. 



O 

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'• n 




5C 


'. I— 1— ICS -< 


C^C<) '. '. '. 


o 

CO 


3 


Inco ! ■ • 


(N '>0 I CO 


o 

lO 


■D 


; i,-(CM — ct-i 


CO I ! 1 '. 


CO 


^ 


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TT -rr t~ ) 00 




t» 


Ic^ eOi-1 'a 


rH Clio I '. 


CO 

o 


.' (5 

§"3 
SI 


South Dakota 

Tennessee 

Tevas 

Utah 

Vermont 


w asninitnn 

Wisconsin 

W yomine 

Married women makins; re- 
turns separate from hus- 
bands • 


c 














2±? 



52 



STATISTICS OF INCOME. 



TABLE 1 1 .—PARTNERSHIP RETURNS— DISTRIBUTION OF RETURNS, 
BY STATES, FOR THE UNITED STATES; shov:i7ig the number of i eturm hi 
each State and the amoitnt of tax. 

[Returns filed for the calendar year 1917.] 



States and Territories. 


Number of returns. 


War excess 


Total. 


Taxable. 


profits tax. 


Alabama 


190 
21 

77 

243 

720 

150 

1,005 

72 
238 
222 
29S 

14 

25 
1,590 
640 
831 
267 
274 
644 
167 
552 
1,943 
715 
446 
168 
631 

42 
183 

17 
109 
648 

51 

7,772 

235 

29 
1, 515 
318 
242 
5,116 
372 
30S 

53 
323 
670 

22 

72 
249 
334 
382 
462 

34 


188 
8 

77 
242 
718 
146 
167 

3S 
113 

89 
249 

14 

24 
1,589 
301 
302 
262 
197 
40b 

81 
299 
1,444 
324 
203 
167 
308 

40 
143 

17 

53 
314 

51 

-3,560 

168 

28 

820 

310 

104 

1,807 

64 
155 

51 
323 
666 

21 

34 
231 
150 
176 
200 

33 


S.503,934 


Alaska 


17 690 


Arizona 


179 344 


Arkansas 


496 948 


California 


2,516,749 


Colorado 


287, 438 


Connecticnt 


926,041 


Delaware 


471,367 


District of Columbia. 


644,270 


Florida 


196 263 


Georeia 


814, 638 


Hawaii 


342,890 


Idaho 


36, 406 


Illinois 


5,654,370 


Indiana 


939, 354 


Iowa 


444,365 


Kansas 


495, 535 


Kentucky 


516, '^13 


Lo"i.siana 


2, 679, 449 


Maine 


615,986 


Maryland 


1.824,892 


Massachusetts 


18,396,407 


Micliigan 


976, 261 




1,102,810 


Mississinpi 


497, 525 


Missouri 


826, 179 


Montana 


62,149 


Nebraska 


215, 737 


Nevada 


42,223 


New Hampshire 


331,789 


New Jersey 


1,305,415 


New Mexico 


121,518 


New York 


32,227,563 


North Carolina 


663, 103 


North Dakota 


26, 492 


Ohio 


.5,189,668 
1,3S0,178 


Oklahoma 


Oregon 


3.59,019 


Pennsyl vania ■ 


12, 534, 720 




454,667 


South Carolina 


322, 908 




45, 361 


Tennessee 


1,239,344 


Texas 


2, 728, 5.50 


CItah 


37,289 


Vermont 


228, 765 


Virginia 


672, 468 


Washington 


440, 595 




452, 225 


Wisconsin 


43 -J, 401 


Wyoming 


64, 613 






Total 


31,701 


17,475 


103,887,984 





STATISTICS OF INCOME. 



5S 



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COCSf— iM,— (Oi-iCTli— iGT'OiTii^ C0^'~l"-CD>r:t^aS"^OcDa:'0i0^t^cr t-- 
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I— «o o r- . — . . -._-,-.. — _- 

03.— ic^Osc^ocooOi'-'rco-^coOfMCi-^iC'C^'^aoo 



ocncooi-OiOV'OsciOi-ii-iOO"^-^.— i»oro 

■■ . OC' l^ o C^l -*■ C^ ^ C r-H 



■ CO o o "^ CO "T^j -^ o or,. GT' a: .-H 



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CO i-tCOTfOr-i-HCOCO T-iOOGCO-rtiTj^CSiOCN'X'iO.-iGCC^CO .-iCO 

©& C^T-H -rfl— 1 COi— iT-t-— I !?»■ 






;S51 



rfCOCO>'^I^"^COOrO»Ci— iC^C^05cO"J^r 



'OC^"**'COCOCOG«OC''— »CCCOGOr>-- 



CO•--CO■^C^*-'^'^"*OlO--'^J^OOOOOOOOaCCCCOCOI•-OS^CDOC■CO■^<' 

cocococ^'-HCO"<^c^''^^^05(N'^i>6TJ^OOOT}^^^1-HV-y:■coOl^>^^-•c^ 

CO'.':)^!M»-':)U7CO"^COCO^CO'«rCOCSCOCSCOCSC^COC^C^IMCNCOCO.-^CDC^CO 



Sa 



t^Oi05COG<:05CO»CC^COt--.0" OCt--Tj*r-.cOi— tCOO i-i,— iOcD-n"C;(Nt--0 
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T-Ci-Hl>-lO"<J*Or^-<:J<'<ji»-iOSC^OOOii-l3005l>-OS05C005aC CNCCiOCOI>»COC^GO 

^-^^ ar-^iT^ ^ t^c^c^ i-h" rHcoc4'cs uoi-T co 



^^,_HOiC^Gr'Oscoci^^*coc<llroc^Xl^^^|^^oo^^0^ocr. niocco--cato— ' 

t--OcO<-iI:--cDOCOi-<i-'tr::»0^!NCOLOC53COOCOGCTrX'(NOcCi— COO — C^ 



CO c^c^ cs 



r^oco05Qor-co'f^i>-C5r^i— iC<iCiCscr"-cooscoco"'i"''Ot^—'':ocC'i>.(Ncn 



3CC O "- ^C 



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iC^C COCOt-fOOiO-rfoC'^COOOI^-CO'Ct^l 



—, ^ irt zo y— CC 
rc^'Tt^OcoorrcocD 



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ocooC"*'^aiTtiM(M^c^O"^c^ior^r^ooocr^OQOi-it^coco cot^ 



1-1 1-t 1-^ iM 1— . 1— I 1-1 ^ ^HCOCO-" 



iOcrcrcDr— r^c^r^QTOiO^HCOC'i-'cD 

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O c^ o «- CO i-H •*?' i-^ ic o r- »-o 



>CO'^r-Hi— ■cOCSi-'Oli— '1— iCOCOCDi'^r-CSiCrJi'^OcD 



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■x;a50coc^io»-oGtcccocor*-oo-^cDcoo 



i-i^tNOcOCNCOMt^COOOCCO'^r— CCCD 

OiOi— 'C/:o.-iTfcO''~i-!Nr^coc^Oi'0''^ 

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iccococor^coX'.-i3"r^ -r^c 



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"COCD'>)'~ .— ■CO"^CDOO'-'''^C5CO-- — 00 



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cy^i^'ccTt-h ^^co^cT^1--H"o t^cd^'^i CO co''--^o"'^<'^*'or"co cj^ (n'c^'io"'^'' 

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C^ 1-1 i-h"»C t}rtdjo"_r CO^i-t CO^CcTcO^iO C^'^C^iC O rf CO tI* i— ( C^" C^ 



cr-^o^coCTiccc^or o-fcor— oicor 



i-iifr(NO^O.-^'rJ<C^CDO(MCDi— ■(MCDwi— ^1— lOGCC^IO 



• c^jr^O-t't^"^-+'cD'^ 



LO LO "^ Oi Oi CO irr ' 



iQ irr r- oc -^ r^ c 



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■ 1— I O GC C , -. - - - - ^ - 

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Or^^'' OSOi— iLCr-C0t^O(N-HCOrMOCD'''00'^' 



COOO OS CDCDi 



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■^oxoic<it--x-rt*cocO'— 'Oor^cocccox.-'Xxr--r-Tj"GO— "CO — xcoc^ 

CD CO (M (N CT> X C^J CO 1-t I^ "" '■ 



^co^^(^^xXlOOc 



)0*^,-l'— co-^ ^o 



1-iX COC^ CO 






OOGCC^Or^i— COXO'^'Mf-MCDf~>X-^COCO(^OiCTt*OOC^i^cOCCOOC^ 

rr-i-xr-co-^'- cor^co^-csir-c^O'-x^'' c;Or-(i'-^coO'^CN'*"<N — ^^ 
c^coc^c>i-HcooTfco'^cD03r^»"OcocDO-^xXf-tcoLot.ocs--cocccrjco 



ci-rfi'r^c^co'^rroor^'^coc^i— iC^»'"co.— 'COcOT-'^^*'''XiococDio>'^Gft 

0iC0'*CD'^C0C50iC0'~'^OCDC0"^'^'^r^!M'^C0'fOCMi-^-^'~'"f~-CD-^ 

c^-rf a>^ »-i^x cNMcotMXirj^cococscDco'^asci'^LC-^osX-^X'*-^-^ 

O IC 1— I O F-( t^ CO ci"i-ro CO f^ rH"cf iC O 1—1 C!^<S<£> CTS -H ^- Co"0i -^ "rt^ «0 CO »C t^ 

1— < c^O'^r^osxcor^t^c^cs'^1— ""^cr. coTt<'^coo^'^'^co*^'~'~cocofi^ 

CO i-(CSC^tOCOcOC^i— tCOi-(i-H"^COt>-CDiOCOCOX-^COOii-(t-^C^iO 1— (X) 
co" i-T Co't-h" rf*"(M"i-r C-f ^ 



xOcDioo>"cOi— <X'^000(Mr^»-«cor--,-*oeoOcor--os'^cDOCt-»M'CO 

t!~ tNi-icDCOCOasCDCOrO'^XO.-iCD^-GSC<Ii— OiCTjr--t--0''"'^l'~ X-^cri-O 
l>-C^I"-C^005TfX 005COr^-HCDt--OXX 1— iCOCO-^iM.— (CO'^'t^'CcOCt^ 



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- co-^ -^ ^ CO r 



• X O ■*+* 1— ' -- ■: 
' r^CSOi— tC^Oco* 



icocDM'^oO'^'*"- 



■'Xt^I^COO'TjiX-^.-Hl^-XOiMCDXXi— >C^XCO'~^-C>CO':t^Tp 
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r^ ir cocor^t^.— icDOi-tt«coco'^''~coo>"coOTf'^i'--.-txiiC'-'i'*^coioc^ 

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s-'^ 

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cf rHotTco^co" i-HTjT ,-H-^cD^co^cococo c^c^ ci^t^t-^^oTc^co" ccT 



C3J^ ^ c3 ' 



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t^i— iOCScOi-Hr--r-— ixJO^' i-H'yc/"i— 'XO^. f^i— '• 00> i-^-^r-XiOt^i— « 
rJ*C^T}«ic COCOOOC^OOCDXCOOC^I'O'.-'". OcOC^l-Cl-^XXt^COC: f—i-i 

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<;^<;-=:5ooftP5cBS55,5W^K;g;^S!^SSS:^2;lz^;2: 



54 



STATISTICS OF INCOME. 



O 

I 
03 

< 
H 
03 

n 

M 

o 

H 

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o 

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M 

pq 

M 

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CO'^COOI^-CO'^OQO'iSt^.CcOCC'OOOCiai'^O'* 



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I lO w »o c^ -** : 



lO — o "O lo -r ro -H -t' re -Tj- icrc CO c^ c^ cc -:t^ oj CN 



ro3.'^c:)cqci-H-ticot^rDioaccN)roc£)C^cr:o<M 

CO '^^X3 ■^OOC^CO-^CO'OOi'-tCTiQOaiCDCDOCO 

w'3 r-r^*'-H"^*'c-'"co"'':o'o <X^'^':^CCt^:^'^^rO 



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o"^ So ^-^ noD 



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(NCC"^'-lOOC:C:)'^»OliOOOGCCNCOOT-HrJ^^. CO'* 

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oi ^M cowcoooc^aDt^r-o»o»ocoor^t>«'— iC3 



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iCCOCMi-HCN'^iOCO'^COi— iNCM'^CNCO'^COCOCO 



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CM r^ ^ i>- ,-H -o -'i ,-1 CO '■ 



OJO^CMTf^G^Ir^f^COCMCM'-^'^t^ 

ai^-io-^oit"--— ft>.'^c^i-oa;cocM 
oico'OOiai'Oiot-*ioco«ocDc-iTt< 



i^cMrfiooicy:cccoior-cDco t^ 

CM^-'-^CD'r-r'rjroo'irr —TtC-^'csr CO" 



1-1'^ .-ICO 



UOCJ-^OSCO— lb-CM"*'-'^COt^COCO 
O O CD C^4 '^ -^ 01 O C^) O CO c^ CM -— 

1— «cO'^'-^•^»c»-'ala)coc/:■co•^I>■ 



. ■-** CO -^ '^ CD o 



cy CO T-i o CO .-* CO o CO CM 



'ThCicoco-^OTt^oioo-'^ior^o 



_>COCOt— t^CM-Ht^r 



' CO -:f O CO — 1 



CMCMt-OI^iC— <cOO'Dr^COCOOl 

'-rot^»oi^"'^CM^'"0-^^-^i:^>o 
t^cooc Oio o c^ o r-i o Oi as i>- 

.-rco"CM"c/'"oro"orc>rCM 0':^'"c^ oT 
CM 11 rH .-I 



'^uTOCOOt^nrcOCOOOCM'^CO 

co.-i>ocoor-050occri-^i-ti-<CM 



COCDcDcDiCcD'^CM' 



t^t^CM-Hr-iiOCO-^^cDi-t- 
Tt*C1CD05'-HiOi:^i-''^GO-^CO 

CO.-I 1-IC^4 



r^'^'^.-iaj'f:)'^ iocMt^coi-c 
lOCMccr-i-tr-coc^.-H ^ 

n CM i-HOO 



COt^OCOTt<LOO>CTiCMCOcD 

CO 'y~i Tt^ ^ — -. ^, .-. ^ ^ ^ 

i-^-^ CM 



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"7^ ^ "q^ .^ "^ ^ 03 ^ "i "2 S c3 OJ o OL- 03 g3 .=; .y .2 .2 



58 



STATISTICS OF INCOME. 






CO O o: CI' c^ rr : 



5t^»ot-^ccyDasr-r^t^(Mto-^ai^(Ncor^ 



OicoOoOOC5aiCO"/)»-0 0'-H---rOcOCiO^HiOOO.— <-— itNCi 



OO-^i-HOCOOi'C-^ 



r— o-^ox !>■"/:) c^Oi'-H05c^cot-*o 



1— ic040i-4^tot--»ooto-o.— loi-rf.— tLrasco'-^cO'3irM"'rO'ro 
— c^o crc^i-HOii-Haico^cO'— icoot^c-"C^osc^r^"'-eoo 



05X' 1-H05 



1— tOu^l-^C0i0t-i0iCi0(-iCJ(NC<»CSOTj<OC0l-*O'-0C5C0ai 



lOi-^riH,— irr>r>-»ffO>— i-t^t— or-':oco'-OOit>-0'-<.— I 



CD O -X: M O CMC- '-D C<» lO -O 'X^' O r 

iMOi-^riHi— i:c>r*>ffcD>— i-ft— or 
CO* c'T ifTurT-^*" "^tc" i>r 









h-OrOt-^C'OCOiOOr-tOii-HiM'/'O^'C^Ot— i,-4iOC^t— C^i— i-x> 
CO (N O '^ C^ -* -O C7> -T- i>- 1-- ri -rr O ^ «0 tC -<:i r-l -/-I O O "O V^ CC 



'iOr-if-HO'oaiO'Mcr'3> 
■ H CO CO '-'" -x; ■ - ■ — 

^ .-hWcO 



t- v:. Tt< CO CO '-'* -x; »o ^ o CO -o iC' CO r- no CM '* !>• "-o -f lO — < TO 



-^ 1-H lO -^ :c 



CO— (lOCMrH cOt^OiCO'^OiO^COCO 

tf^cM^ar co'i^^-i^i-r 



S"So 9 £ ^ 2 s §ta 

r^ Qj+o ^ S 2 <^ 2 ^-2 



i=lX! ' 



§ GJ o pr c S ^ C S 



CSli0-X)OC0CMCMh-t^0i05OC0Or-C0X)CMCM-0(M-^--0t^O 
CMOO(NOI>-(N^i-HCM050t— CMOCOCOOS'^iOOOyDOOOO'^rH 



COCO*r)OtCt-.COiOt>.»Or-iC5-)COt-CO'-Ht— cD--oio--cr— o»o 
|>.iO[>."OCOWiO»OCMCM'^OC^O-^XCO'^t~^COCO"jO(N':DiO 



lO T-( c-1 "^ r— T-* CO X: CO t— — I o CO o Oi 'O »c "'^ c-i yj c/D 



r* CM o — ^ CO C5 . 

^ i-H T-H CO 



CMOCOiO rp O -* I 



O -r) O O C5 O X ^ O CO --O -H WM O -H -/j C"-> CO CO -H <>» CO ^ 

loooooi-Hooooio^ioc^oooco^xoorHco: 



Th as r^ t- 1— ^H -JO t 

GC lO lO 05 O t-- C 



*COt--cO^^cO-*-^C0h--t^^CMCM3St 

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t- r- CM lO c<< CO o CO - 



lO '>4 CM iO CM 



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fe s ^ -^ 



CO 1— I rH -^ ■-/■.■ ^ 'O h- .—I CM O ^ t— >0 -t* CM X CM Oi i-H - 



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cDir:co-^a30x»o-^CMCMCMr-'-0-^c^ai"^OCMW 



'-D t-^ O Cl C^ »-H »0 1— I I- T-H C^l O CO O CO CO Tf< -I* CM lO 
cOiOO CO'O CO^ ,-.— i-^T-HCO'^cOOSV', t— 

i-H 00 "* O^ C5 CO -:t^ :0 to 1-H Ci CM CM 



CDf-HrHt^'XXCO'— ' 



CMCM^w^HXcoco■^a>rMc^^oa^coo^>. 

CDf-HrH' — ■ .- — 



OCiOiOOX-OCO-OCOC^r^-HOO 



O'^y^C-O-rr^'^CTi^O'-^COOOS 



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T-t ai CM CO ^ o -o c— t 

CM CM v: ^ ry en -^ '- 



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CM CM -^ X C^ CO l-^ O CO 'O X r- lC CO O CO :0 t— CO 'O CO CO <-H CO Oi 
1— ll>-CO*-<CO»0-^XXCOT-HC03iOO-05C005'-HCOiOXiC"^CO 



O — I -O 1-H CM t— lO O O CM i:— h- Oi >C Oi — I —^ CO 'jC: ;]2 '^ '^ "^ '-5 22 
cOrHCM 0;ascOOCMGiXC<IOt-rtiXl"^CSCM35COai'~HCOO 



CO X Ol CM '<*< ^ CO X :0 CO O 



X- X O) t- '^ c 

Co'cm"-^ OO^'-rTfH'ci'cM* 



COCJC^OCMCOXCOOlCM'-CiOiiO-^OaiOcOXCM'^^O'^ 
CMCOCOrHCOO'— tr-CMCM^'— 'lOCnr-V^COt—XC^OCO'O 
t-- !>■ CO C^l CO CM Oi Xi 1-- CO 'O OS r — -— -^ 



CO'O-^ CM 



<N t- CO -^ CM CO ' 



ocM'^Oii-— inoico-t^io^ooTt* 



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CM OCO OOOSCO C 



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■< X 1^- rH ■'^fi C;i i-H Oi 



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COlCC0C0t--t<0r0lC-HO35-. . =!;_;--=:_:■- 

COUO^OsCMCO-McDi— li^'SXiO'COCMOOiCOOSOlcOCO 

o'r^t^i-T co^-^'-TyT -i^co'co'co co lO cm o -rr* 

1-lC^t-^ .-it.O — I COC^»t-* i-li-l05i-lrH 

"O CO --I CO <-< >-< 



CO CO rH O - 



M -^ Ol >0 CO CM ^ -^ t— t-- lO CO 



■■o^oe^coxcMcocoTt«coc>iCD^ 



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-+* X O Tt< .-( 00*0 COXr-iiOOOiOO»Ot>"COX-^cOCM-^i-t;^ 
COrH-^ COi-HXf-l COt--CM»0 t-H i— iuoOi— IXCOCM'O*^ 
CM 10»00 i-Hi-Hr-t CO 



OiOsr-CCXOiXOS'-'XcOCOCOOOiOC^l'— lOC^l 

cocoo ^»^*oc^^»HlO^--cocDT-l^-^co^-oscoc^ 

CM C< ^H CD t^ Oi -** — . rvi -^ 



O C<1 fH O CM -^ 1-H »0 en -/D 

C0t~*OScOC^COl-COC^Oi 

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STATISTICS OF INCOME. 



59 



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iTjHc^iOai-^OOCOCiOiOiCOCCCDCOCiCOCOOCOC^I 



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,— (a:ai^ococo(N MOt^cocciocoooooTfoc^:o 



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5ojt-.-Hp-i5co— imcOrtiNmcorfco'Oooico^iMt^tD.-. 

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cOt^COCOC0XiO>OOX)X)^<:O'-H00iO:>DC0X)I>.-3)r-HOiC.0^ 

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era' t^CO^C^T— r lO'csT cf-^^CN'o'Lo'oO =£> p O -^ 



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-TtT-j^Cc^ rH o^cToo ^r^rtirrCoTrH^r-rr-rtM Qcr^to(Ncct~<>o-*'Tf4 

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t^»C0C0C^TOC0O.-lO0i(Mi-ll^05r^CT.-— l(NOINC^OCt03 

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60 



STATISTICS OF INCOME. 



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c Tt< 1— I r-- CD CNi t^h- c^'^-n'rt^ iococ^cot^ooc^-^tozo^aiiii''^o>5' 

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3Cc^o050iM"rpcoon:oco»-Hi— (cco5^*^-c<^oc■cooooooco<Xl 
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oc^!rO':occCjTti':ccs'^'*05"rttcscocC'-HCO-7i oToToc co'co'cc'o'' 

iCc0C^C0i0'0--;t<iCr-CCr^O'^'^CC0lt0i-Hl>-C0i— I.— .lOOCOCS 

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66 



STATISTICS OF INCOME. 



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78 



STATISTICS OF INCOME. 






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STATISTICS OF INCOME. 



79 



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■— cdxcs-hi-ox;— >»cooico-H!r:oa; — r-c^icoccocMco 

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STATISTICS OF INCOME. 






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t— icsooa5«-Hi-HOL':':D(^cc.— "h-ooo^r^cscocC'-'-xsoC'i-'toiccc 






r^ »o Ci »o cs ^ "O o; to 1— "C 1-^ t^ t-^ cc cc tc -^ io "^ cc cc c^ I— 
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— iC1(N"OcOOOOX>COC'0 0-^-t^:0'^0 ocoocnci" 



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: 'T r^ — < X! CO »o 00 CO t^ OC' o CO oC' t^ 01 CO '^ t^ o » ■: »o c: 
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■' ^t c^''c^'~ cc xTtjT c^c^i-^'cc'^ii oi co'^^'co x"»o''t~-'''t^'"tfr^' co* co' 

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^.-'0^-co^^■^t^^O'-^l-H1-lOlco«o»oot~*c^lOt— —'ccr^ 

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g § § g g 3 g g g =■ ^' s = i s.S>,s 2 8 8^8 o SS^S^S^c'^ 

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STATISTICS OF INCOME. 



89 









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— ■■-.Olt---!T'Oi"<*'COCS|CCXOitOO^CV|-1'Cl-^'rt<Oi-'COd 

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c^cic^c^I^f re Tp "^uf 'C -^l-^ X a> ^ — ^ 
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90 



STATISTICS OF INCOME. 



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97 



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r~oc;oot-~comi-';ocn'»Moii-i0 0oooc<5Cco-3'00«o:(Nt-«)t^T-iNt^t>.t~ 



lO -rr cc »« ro ^ > 



■^OSt^t^^HOlOCCCOOSiO'^'^COCwt: 



00-HC5Ost^>O'.OtO- 



<M — . w 



-t^o^-coXwooo-ro;o:' 



1 Sr-CRIM 



tOC<lTrOO(NC<30"3"mOiOOOXTtWOOrt03QOrH-Tt~CS-r(MOP)C>5t^<MOOI« 

Toct^-OiOccc^^c^iooiiNoocc^oooost^oot^aii^^Host^ociMcco; 



tocd 

>oo 

oo"'o" 

C<3<M 



:CCiir3'<rO>Oi^'^t 



: o L':; -^ t-H o - 



^COlOCCMOCOOSCOOO-^OiOSOOO 



xi>0"-*r~t^OC^«-^".ooo:ocM 






^H'^r^rooO'^oOL'^oosc^oios'^oo 



c:r^^O!N*oc^^o^r*'^3i»ctooc^-rQCOi^^iowcot-'OOt^o 






-J3 O « 03 O -H • 



»--:^Ht^ai^ot^(M:£C;t^:ococ;^0(Nccoo«u5 



,-1 ,-1 CQ M r-l —1 



Ot^O'TCCCCMCSC^I^I^O-rtCif^-^COC'lCOC 



II- — r ^ ^ , 



c^aia^lO»-^oco^c^^5t^^occ<^^c^^cct^pOTJ•rHCC05(^^Or^eoo^^^*o^^c^l^;■^ 

OCNOO-^OOiO-^jllN— '00--tat^O-cMmr-iiOOO-^OCCOOU3-^«C»0<N 

oOrtCOCst^o^oo cocaoococcc^3C^i^.-'-rcS'-<c^«-< 



-jrr-cNt^ a> « (N" 



OQ O Q 

_ ._ ._ _ _ __o_o_o_o_ 

o o o d o d = c 2 d o c c 5 S = = r 5 5 2 £ S 2 S = ; 5 „-Jg ^ J^ S X 

•B 9t' «p «e •© » efe <« ap «■.■ V.' * y; -y.- _^ J. _1^ J. j^ ^ ^ j ^ j, _^ ^ j, _L J. S S « =5 H 

0(ioo®oioocoocoo5 5SS5£co£oS55 2 — Soo5 

8QOOOOOOOCooco = coc:c;c:c:occ;c;_ = c:c: _-_-_--.-_- 
_c5_i.-3 u^o^o^o^o^o c_ CiO_o_o_ j_-^-^-„-_-,,"^',_- — '^-cr' d o' do's <o o >5 o 

CiC^cSc^yS^C^'^^*0*fS d"t^"00*'d'-H ^Hini-it^T-HCqC^CC'riO^r-OOOi'-H'-iWCqcO 



STATISTICS OF INCOME. 



101 



t- CO 
00 t^ 






, - C fT) Oi lO Cl t^ lO CD to y5 cr- OC O T-H Ci w Lt O M -t- M CO 

^r-^c^fOc^?oirc-r-g^-^V'f:Dcxc5i-H^T4M-rrocNico^ 



oC' c^ 1-H T 1^ X X; o »r: CO »o t^ -H GO >o "-H r- o (N 00 CO r* -^ 

0Ci-(CD-^OCGCrrCC:OI-^C5-rCOC^CO«COCO'X>r^CC00«D 



^ ifi lO »0' T" T - 



^O';0"^I^c•l — r^ro"«rccO'-<'> 



■• o 05 »o 1-H t- cc r^ 
,_- - - -iO lo r- o too -'" 

|oocDr---^05cor-cDcDccciOiioor)" 



C^ w 1-H -H CO 



to Oi CD ai CO o .-t OJco-t^<N ; 



»occoOTriONC<it~-t^r^CSt^-rCT'C^coccOiio 

-H00CDCOi-tiOC<ICCt--.^^COC^I00O5CD--COaJTr' 
00CM05tCO^WOiC0it^COTrl>.C5C5TfiCSCq 

^C9">cco'coiO'<r"ii^co"coco"cNQCO'^*co""^"»o' 



i-HOOOCS^OOCOOCO-^QOOOiiOCOOOoOOr^OlOSC^ 

co»cioocc^cDcccor~-ooo5C^oorooocDi>.c<oOi 

cDr-(i-(OOii-lOiC^O^CCCDcC(NO'— lOC^C^CS'T 

c^'»c t^x*x"Gc"oc"o"o'o"--H'i-ro T^"o*cr;'o'coMi--rcN 



SCDOC^Oi-nfM^COiOCOCCMOOOiCOf-HCOOOO 



lOi— i»COscDCOOOir-cDCM 



■ " OC' ?o 00 c 



.— icD-rXoocoioxic^.— (oooC'focor-c^cocooc-oo 



- (N T-t I- -H . 



tOlOC'lCDOh'OGOM; 



■rcroC'^CscNC^i^osi^-^iorcrO'-H 



CCiOCCCCCDCOCl.— lCCOiOll--i— iOCOi-<OC:C.— lOii— (l--:DcO»i^00(NTPr^ 

Mt^r^.— ioiO'--tcDicor^i>-cst-*r*'*i-Hrroor^oooaiM'cut^os05io 
iocQr^CMcct^c<i--Tooo»r:!r^O'^oC'^OM-f^o>ctooii— i-TrO»COro 



C^ooo-rxr^cDC^' 



■coa:i-C5ioooi'rt-a5a>cC!ioc«ooccwr- 



OSCCt--M-^iCa:-:r,— OStN-piCCOCCOlCC— 'CO(M»OOCi— ic^.^oi>.coc<i 



■I (M .-( ^ O f-H 



«--tiOrOCS-^r-lCS.-( 



cOi-icoo:rC'-«MOi»ooosNcnos'^r»OiO»CMOOTp,-i005-*NOoOi-Hu'3 

OOiOCCiCO'^CDt^Oi^OOt^OOOWOO'rri— iGO'^CDCOOOlCOiOOOr^r^ 

O3OC«CCOC00CO'^r-iC0C'T^ascCtC0iOCDO00rHCCCC0C''rO>OWC^ 



' ooooo 

.JOOOO o *-< 



g o o o p o <!.■ -t: 



gg oooo 
o^oo'^ggg, 
Q O S ^"c^'^co 

o o o '-I'-i.'-l'-l'-^'-l 
oooooooco 

-T-T-TQ O O O C O 

o S S R"^'==^*=^-,'=iR 



^^ — oo 

ooooo 



jT-if-Ht>.CDl^OOCiOt-lwt-*i— iC^t^0CCOCi00cOO5«O 
■-- ■'TrcOOiC^t^C^TrTfMasO<McO'^ioascOO 



05iCOit^TriCOC005iCiC«— irTf— iCCOCSOr 



"^CCiiOOt^iOOOCOif3 
CDi— iCDiOCOCOCir^Oi 

cocccooooor-c^tjco 



-OccicDCCC*^«OcD»ONi— 'OOifO"" 



■^ 00 CD' 00 -«f O 1^ C 



COt^(M»f:;^Hr^COCO«»Ct^rrcOCOCC-^--<OCSOOr-(OOCOOiOCOOCOt^o6rr 

c<»»ct^*0"^cc.— ("^ t^r'-csi>-iOF-HO^oct-.iocDi>«Oir-tcsx>ccrocsc*:'w 



: « C4 »-( i-H .-4 1-1 



CC C^ .-I r-< fH ,-1 






-lOCOQOOC^OOr-iCOCOOOOSiOt-UDCCiO- 
OOrCOOcOOOit-cCtO^^tOiONC^i-H 



•CO WCCtH 



OOOOOOOO 



OOOOOO 



OOOOO 
»r^«C_0^0 0_ 

c^ci"ro cc"^ 

ooooo 

0_^0 "O U5 o 



: oo oo o o o 



oooo 
oooo 
o_^oo_^o_ 



o o o o o o c 



i O r-. M -H — -< C 



OOOOOO 
— OOO OO _ 
OOOOOO 

foo^ooo^o 



- .ooooo 

• OOOOOO 



oooooooQooo ooooo. 



V^-^O lO o »o o o 



O O ^- CS CM TO • 



ooooooo 



ooo 



oooo 



oooo 
oooo 
°o,o-^- 



ooc 



w<i<&^o?e@e@a@e«»««<«e@«^ 



= oooooooc 
:ooooooo<; 
fo-ioOOOOOt: 









102 



STATISTICS OF INCOME. 



'^^ 






r^SGQ 



02- 




W :' 




M 5: 




M -£ 




< - 




y^ ■- 




o 5 








>< -~ 




w-.^ 


•3 


-^ 


3 




1 


gi 




o - 

^5 


1 


M 


H 


Pm^ 


T 




X 


0-5 


H 


M „ 


?! 


H -' 




t3 ? 




PP~; 




M - 




(A- 




H-^ 




W :; 





^ =■ 

o 

w 



Average 

rate ol 

tax. 
























t^ 


Total 1 ;ix. 






















03 
^ i 


1 

o 

a 

i 

o 
y. 

1 






















of 


m 


iil 

O i-i — 




















51 


C<1 

0" 


Surtax. 




















i 


i 




§5 i 
Z 




















C3 


Exemptions from normal 
tax. 


c 

"^ 1 




















1 1 

§ i 

i 


[ 
2 . ' 

9 " 1 























2 i 




Total net 
income. 




















i 


CO 

to 



Number 

of 
returns. 































• 1 

8 

£ 


o 
o 

X 

g 

c 


— 

'7 












C 

2 
■6 


1 






c 



1 
1 
\ 

i 






1— i^CSi— i^C^CCfO 



o o i» 00 r* lO o 10 00 



cc c coocc 



-H rM?^^ CC • 



'>**iO0O'«*t^^'-tO0O0 

o'cT.-H'orrarQ'o'Qo'iri'' 

1— lC^-*rP-tiC>0--J'CO 



eot-"*b-oot^ocoTj< 

lOOOiO-^OOOO^CO 



C0 0C■OOr^O:;WC^•-H 
iOOCCO-^COi-iCOt^:C 



-Oi^-^iCOOiCOOOt-^'^^ 



_ _ . , ^ _J, ,- — K 

"offaTc 



^1— it^Ot^t^OOCCOCCOiC 









CO cc n" t 
^ '*■ O '- 



ec-:t*ooa. i-i050iC<»"<**r-coco»ccr:ooQC:D 

i-iOCOOi-Ht^t^CSOiiOODCNt-HaiiCO^rsOO 



Oi^fMiOO^OC'r-OJiOC 



--C W CO O (M CC 



(Noc-fcs^ca-.xoo 



CO CO ciOii-Hi-'.— i-H 



OOtOiC'^iOcOi-iOcOCOI>l>OiCOOr-<(M'rf 



OeO-— '0:n0t^'-<a:t0C0l>r^cC*-'Oi-i0i0C 



; ,—1 CI -x; 1— < oC' 



t^ ^ 0:1 1^ -O t 



OOOCOO»Oi-HOO'OOOi"*CO'-tOCOCOt*CO 

CM -^ o t- CO c^ i-H lO »-< 00 ca o; t^ >.-: ^ CO (M 



-rji O: ,— I 01 »-< *C CO <— < 1-4 



" :■ O O O O C C c: • ^r ^-- 

^^o o o c_o c ^- ;:^ ^ ^ , 
c^CNrco^co^'r'-^>o''Q"'=^^'t^'^~'^ ^^ ^f^^' 

OOOOQOQQOOOO — 00^ — ^ 

o o^u^^^io o^o^o o o o o o o^o^-r^^"^^" 
CM''e4^CM'^c^co"co""^'^i-o"irri:crh-rararr-i ^ ^ ,^ 



STATISTICS OF INCOME. 



103 



««-•:: ^ M (N lO tC t'- lO O •-': I 



:£ lO C^ -* ctj O C-J 



:c « -r -JD -jf t^ t^" t^ oo t^ o; oi iH ^* o lo ir: CO CO 

r-H CO (N — t ,-H ^ r-t 



t— ffiOlCOtCCTT-GC'^t^O-^Oit^'^-MvC^''^^ 



'foico^ooc^ 

coo OJ O '^ (N - 



^^O'^coasi— '(Nt^-*oco»o 

■i.O'OI>iO:OCO(MiCOOOt-CO 



'-HCO-^^C^COl— t^Ot^--C»00<N— ^t^^Oi 
?OOr^Cit^GOOOi^COCO':OiOt^OOCO'r}*rtH- 

r-H »-o -r -r t^ Lo irt CO CO oi c^ X! »o cy:> CO -* -H ic c 



CO lO f LO -^ »r: i-o lc ^ iiO ^ t- 1- 

3rcOd«-Oa:o:cO^Ol>.C^l-*Oi 
OOt^i-HCO^-tOCOOIOOit^t^T-H 

c^t^i>rr^Tjr<>rr^"'*'io"wf"io"c^rco' 

(N CI W C^ ^ -^ »-i ^ 



eo:ooo:.--ca:occor^Oi^i-ii:^cD-**N 
OiO.— tC5icc^cO"*»o«-<ciOi-ias!io»c 



OOS-J"--COCt^t^O:^t^(NcOt^i-Hi-(^^ 

§<N'rftN.-<COtO^CO'^Ir^OOO^OCi'rf 
O-^OJ-etirrt-OC^OlOi.-ir^iOCCiO 

fCOO»-'r^C^(MiCCDCCiO--iCOCOOOi— 1^ 



-HOii-tcor^os-^T-i oaiOcc:or*as-^ 

MtiOi^OOCOCasOcOOsC^fMOCOOiCOC: 

N'*c^rcr»o''(xrTi-'^u:r'rir^*^orc)o't>^cr'y:rfo''»(:r' 

»OiCa:cot:^NOH>iOC^C^asiOOOCO'-(C 



S£g2 



t T -^ Oi CC C<i Oi xO Oi ^-":0 Oi 
Ol>.'^OCO'-tOCCO-tO'^'-C'r-t 



: OC' CO c-s (M CO CD Tf _ 

- ,..,. _ iOOJCOCiOl'^OlC"' 

rOiccocoos"<^i— loooociioy^t^i-ocow- 

r«''co*'^*"»c'(N''^"'-rw' 



■^C^00r-Ot>C0Oi^«D-*.-ic0'^rt*>C 
•^"•I^U^C^COi— iCOt^iO.— tOOOO'— 't---:f 

coocsi-»-riC(Nooi-Hict^oiiO!r!i>o 

ot-^cocodscocoiOOoC'-H^woo^' 
CO CI — < 5i cs w ^ ^ ,_, CO ^ -H ^ 



oo^o:roir^t*icccc^o<:c»C'— locooi 
c^ir5iO'-*coTrr-'«^c^r*aJcc«OQ0t— lo 

OiOOOOC^CJjCcOC^NOOOC^OiOCC 

'^''<N^o''-H'tCc^^'^(jrcc^^'^co'oirc<rGi6^o"'(j-*' _ 

Or--C^«-*';DCOO"rf.-H.-*0005010c;iCOir''^' 
i-HOJi-HOcDOiOC^-^OiC'XiCOOOOCQC-C-C.- 

■^'^»c^o^or^^^-'^^^lo''^t^co*^c^oo^^(^^^''(^f 



'■^OC0'X'-H01-^f'.-1*c 



DCsliOO'^OCC^OOiOCOtNt^C^i-* 



CO I>- 00 <N !>. CI 



:c ■ — * ■ i-o o -t* o <M CO I- cc 
i-i '--Ic^c4rococococo 



• CM O 30 :£ C<» CQ "* uo 

• t^ CO lO CT> I- i-H(N CD 

• asOOOiCCOOiOsQO 



"*OOt-OCO'*I^ 



O O CO CM c<» ^ ».o _ 

^OOfMCscoi^Ci T? 

l^ CO Oi t^ O: CO O o 

^ ^ a; 



• OOTf<r-i;OTt*LOaiO 

• O CO lO CD Oi '* -^ t^ 

• CO i-H t* GC CM CO t^ CO 



- -XH-- -^ O '^ f^ 



• '^os CO ^ OiM wofl S 
• ocD'^cMi>-cot^r~- .ii 

•OOl-^OCMOS'-HiO'* *^ 



. O t-* L-O CO t^ CO t-- CO 



^ . CO 00 I- OC' O O CM C^ X 
CO .00 ^^ Oi 00 O »C CM CO c3 



•OOOOCMOs^OsCs 
■cDOCOCOCMC^i-H^ 



CO 00 lO -^ CO 00 1-1 O -^ »-0 CO t- CZJ LO -^ <-• -^ 
I-- CM »0 O CD 3C CO CO CD O (-- CO t- CO O 00 OC' 
»O0C'00-^CM>O00i— iiOOO'^OlCOCOCO'— <Oi 

ccToc" i^ co'o^cd'^oi ' i^t^crT t^orTo' 1-^cd" c^r 

"'■'""■ ■■' GO •*< 'X i^ CD -t" CM 1-H -f »- 



t^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ 



; CM CI c^i -H .-t oi 



^ CO--" OiT-HC 



'^ »C O CO 00 lO ».o I 



lO W I-- O GC' X' CO CM OJ CD CM 



^ocoo c 



^l>-CMOCM05cOOt^Xi.Oi-HX'^'>fXOS 

ofTio oTi-^-r-^"' cm' t -T^-^'cToric'cM'irrcr'^ 

,-HC^a -r*. (-- -f -j*cOCM^CMC<l'-l'-H 



OOQ O O OC C 



cDc:oooocS'H== = =: = = C'c' 



JOOOC30000- 



?^o_o_ 

1 CM CO 






<5© <y^ e*^ yi> e^ ©?- ^ I ' 






I I I I I <^ 

O C C' O O C: c- 
c: c; c c: o o ^ 



s»» i^- v.- ly. >.' y f,-: ^ r^ ■:/. i/^ n. 




SrH to CO-^OOiCOcOcOOOOOf-OSOOOOO 
>CD>O:O^^t--Tf^^i-itD>Ct^00-^O5Xt-^ 



r-^ C^ CI 



-,' . -,' . J," . -.' . -.,' o o o 

'r^ '^^ ^ v!? "t" ~" '"•*■——'- >^" ^' -? ^ ^ ^^ 

— o o 



T^^ ^^^f^^^.' y^^^t^i/-:-^'; >^^ S^. 



104 



STATISTICS OF IXCOME 



«.!:| 



-^cyj 



CO 


■^ 


W 




(fl 


?> 


QQ 


c 


hi 


5u 


O 


<C 






>^ 


^ 


m 


-^ 










w 


^ 


P4 


>< 


^ 




O 


^ 


O 


■~^ 


^ 


5 


M 


^ 






pci 


T3 


o 


^, 




'W 


J? 


i 


O-tj 


M 




H 


■' 


P 


b 


pq 


<; 


M 


2 


a 




H 




(fi 


s: 



Pi 

W % 

*^? 

J2! =■ 

O 

CQ 

P4 



■ t--Tt<0sO05050iCCQ0cDO 
:eCOI>-CQCD»OC35r-(OOOSGO 



^(^^occ{Nco<^^^ocooo(^^ 



^.,^_^^ 



"cxTo c<r>o t-*"^ cT 

--S ^ -1* rf* CO 



i^ <:3X3 



CO lO 00 CD -^ >C Tt* t- C^ t^ 
':OCC00t3COC0t^CC»O'^ 
•TOCqO'X'tNOOi-trHC^I 






OC0CC'-'0005»0'-(00C0 

iO(r'ooi-HcoiO':cic<»THoo 

O rt' CO « QO l:^ 1-1 as 05 



CO CC -I' LO i-t O CO 



O 1^ CD OON 00 



oboe 



CD r- »0 CO M -^ CO 00 'X! t^ , 

W? COCOC0»OC^(N thC 



Stccsir^osr^co'O^Hoo 
CO 00 CD C*^ 01 CD CO tc »c 
cNCMooooOirhi-Ha:-^ 

--. ^ -^ (M C<) -M i-< r-^ N 



»0 t~^ <C »C »C W CO 00 CO o 

t^oosoi^ooocDoor- 

O »0 -^ N CO CD »C O CD t-^ 
-^oT oTcT cTo" -1^ t-^cD^ rt^ ^ 
"^(NOCl'^CDO'^OOClCr' 
1-1 ^ CD -t^ "O (^ CS C^» — ' rH v_. 



00 CM -— ' 1^ CD -— I >(^ tC 00 "^ 
.— tt^*-i'^COCDCD-t<iO'<*< 

lOCSOcOt^iCt^COC^CD 

arcD^t^orT'-rcri-o'co'M co" 



Cv?,-) ^co— t 



JMcDOtOt-'^OCMOS 



oTo ^■^00O5O5CDI^-H 



I -t^ r-^ O t^ CD 'Or- 1 00 c 
^»Oi-HCN»iC)-<»'t^CD'X>C 



CO O 'C (N tOi.O OS ^ 



Cvl i-Hi-* 1-H 



C O ; 



-r «> c-) lo -1" ->> — -< 



Tj* 00 O CC 00 



lO O ^ O CO 
t~ rt Cll IM lO 
»0 W T-H CI lO 

CC -^ 00 -P'O 



eSNMr-(i-( 



S o -<=• S o o o o <SS ^ 
'-I'-i.o lo S lo S o o "O -" 



ii 



O <C O O O O O O O O ^ CN C^ CO -t^ 'O I- r-i ^|- I I*- "f "f '?- 

oi c^i CO "^ »o CO 1 ~ CO o <-« vi' vj </:' (>:> €/:> CO ?/:' w^ o A A o o o 
«' 'y;> ""-V "^ "? ^^' ''r* ''P *^' ^r* J, Js Zt ZL Zl ^ ZL Zl O O O O Q o 

— — c; coooooooooooooooooooo 







>0000'CiOiOOOO»0 



"o'o*"o"o'o" 5^ 



(^' v.- «/.• '/:* '/:• I 



:- O O O O O O O 'C CD lO O' O <=> »0 -^ V — ^ — -, — ^ — ^ 73 

D-f'Ocor-QOOi'— <'-'C^c^co"^»ot--i— I,— ic^jco-f^ifrr" 
> ao «^ (^ «^ «j «y> v> tf? <y> V? w w v> 1^ "V? w «' <!/> v.- CO 'wJ 



STATISTICS OF INCOME. 



105 



•-* c t- cn cc IN oc t^ c: ct -x t- c^ c: x r- oc CO c-1 CI 1-1 L-: oc -f 
.-^ c^i c^ w ro -* *r -^ -^ -^ L-^ ic tr t- x^ »^ o >o -*! 1-^ cc t-^ o ro 



CO 'f -^ (M CO oiic o r^ cr cr, --c '^ 'X x -r t^ --C ^ X c^4 c<c r^ ^^ oc 
ot^r^^c^rc:oaitNt^x--crcr3CJC:;j;roicci-^c^t^iC'^ 

T^o t^ 'O ^ c. o t^ ^ '^ c^ :<: i-T ^ I " 



rc^iCi-T^icxcsoscsi 



; -^ ,— , C^ ,— ( • 



?«(Mr-tOCcC^^5COX;»COOO 
t^rCi-HCC^iCTt^OlOOOOO 



05 I 


00 








■* 






cq • 


o 







re ic cr. o cc'^ -^ — • '-C - 



' OC' Ci t^ i-< C^ (N »-0 -^ 



.,.-_,,-(,—, ^ ,—, cc! cc .-( re cc 1-1 



f ^ CM t- M '-o oc w-c M c^ ro -^ CJ »c oc ^ o -- s— ^ w.^ ■— 
■^C^Lrri-'f"r<rcr^r'r3c^crr^cr??'o^crQc'-i^u:rr"^o''^(r>ro' 



t O OC iC CO Ci — 
■< O i-O O GC CO ^ 



:C !M C5 »C r-( CO ■ 



-«^C7;COCO-f^QC--CCOMCMOOOCt^t^t^COCOCn=CO 
rfOCCOOOCXsCOGCCir^'^C-.OXOCCCC^OJCiQC'OiiMt-':) 

N i^ CO ^ r^ »--: ic CO re re c: -^ -t- -^ CO CM c^i „ ,— ^ ; 

^^ ^^ _ 



CM.-HCC^COM^OCOOiCC^OCCue-t'1-HCCCOC 



•^ CI 

'-ti-HCM 
_: O »C -^ 

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114 



STATISTICS OF INCOME. 



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378, 826 
389, 173 
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358,336 
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53,615 
63,207 
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268,958 
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587,351 

995,296 

941,623 

1,389,180 

2,462,843 

1,231,116 

2,678,987 

210,417 

3,700,311 

3,7J8,816 

3,791,775 

3,256,684 

3,305,148 

3,109,426 

3, 620, 276 

2,9,54.242 


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300, 184 

60,711 
482,018 

61,231 
814,237 

45, 425 
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16,951 
440.600 
358,585 
292, 541 
228, 786 
243,527 
212,532 
898, 765 
162,857 


$14, 045, 174 
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4,423,777 
48,715,081 

2, 717, 621 
65, 466, 393 

1, aS8, 134 
39,912,718 
287,464 
28,. 543, 265 
20,588,-365 
17,397,378 
13,278,751 
12, 166, 759 
10, 683, 174 

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17, 700 

1,012 

17, 779 

801 

19, 040 

382 

8,950 

54 

5,219 

3,193 

2.310 

1,570 

1,286 

1,021 

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STATISTICS OF INCOME. 



115 






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irrcrcc'tc'w c^' «5^ i^co i-H x'i>^>o"^'^'-^co cooo'cd"cc'cc^coc^^c^M T^ 



(M ^ i-H r-i 




'«j'OOiOO-r'r-(Nr^O(N^OCOOCOOC^OOOCCiOr^Oi-i<M»JtiCOTr(r'COl--t^CO.-«r-C^ 



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■^XtCOOOCOCOQOcOOOC^ 



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•— '•^OOiOOCCCC'-HOX'iOCO'-H.— t00l>-COO5O5 



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to (^ -H ^H (M CO *r "O r:? 



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126 



STATISTICS OF INCOME. 



Hum 



03 p 






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^^t>^|^^o^c^-^^I>^c/^lJt"a^c<i'c^cs^'-^o^<c^cc'QO 

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STATISTICS OF INCOME. 



127 






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'c'cc^oTcc'tc'crco'co'c^ lo'^c'CT' 

Cl 1-H C-J r-l CJ ^ X C^ 



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cc»-Htcnr^OTi«-rc^cD^r-HcCs; 



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w «o c< N m ^ ^ 



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cc r^ CD c^ X ^ - 



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128 



STATISTICS OF INCOME. 



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CO 

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lO -^ I-^ I- OO lO I'- CO O O (M CO QO Tf 

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OSCC^i-Ht^iOCSt-^t^cOCOtNC^O 



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(Mooiocoi-i.-iiooi^co» '~ -- 



CO O -^ 'O ' 



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i-ti-iOCCCt— CCCNCOi 



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Sx 



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oo-rr'coi— tc^t"^i-Hi— icit^-i— "oocof- 
1— iTrc^c^TTcoot^c^coco-Ht^— < 



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^ C^5 c^ "^C^^ 



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rf _i -H (M C 



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STATISTICS OF INCOME. 



129 



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.-H — I ,-( .-H ,-1 —( C^C^^C^^,-. ,-( (M ,-. C^ rH 



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cOcOcDt*'<rO-^"^"^i00500C^iOt-COOi 



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i-H .-H W ,-H (M .-H ,— ( T-H 1— I lO -^ C^ »0 ^ r-l l-H 1-H ^ 



r*C^C^00(N00'-'l>'.-HO00CQ0i(N.-tC000»0c000iOO 

0"rraiOiocccct^(MGOccoocooiO-T>i— idcor^^or- 



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130 



STATISTICS OF INCOME. 



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STATISTICS OF INCOME. 



131 



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132 



STA:riSTics of income. 



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STATISTICS OF INCOME. 



138' 



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