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',.jui^.A.- U.^. ^tai.^' 







HENEY F. BERRY, i.s.o., m.a., 



Puhltthed tDith the approval of the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, under the authority qf 
the Lords Commiisionert qf HU Hajesty't Treasury. 




And to be parohased, either directly or through any Bookseller, from 




Price Ten Shillings. 





The earliest printed edition of the Statutes of Ireland 
is that of Sir Henry Sydney, which was published in 
London, by R. Totell, 1572, with the following title :— 
** In this volume are contained all the Statutes from 
the tenthe yere of King Henrie the Sixt, to the xiiii. 
yere of our most gracious and soueraygne lady Queene 
Elysabeth ; made and established in her Highness' 
Realme of Ireland." Anthony d Wood, in his A then, 
Oxon, (Vol. I., col. 513), notices the volume, stating 
that he had seen Sir Henry Sydney's Miscellanies of 
Irish Affairs ; " who had also caused the Statutes of 
Ireland to be first published in print." Sir Henry, 
who acted as Lord Justice or Lord Deputy of Ireland 
on four occasions during the period 1558-1578, 
published his work on the conclusion of his third 
Viceroyalty, and states in his Preface that he had 
caused the Justices of both Benches, the Chief Baron 
of the Exchequer, and the Master of the Rolls of 
Ireland, to confer together for the copying out and 
examining such Statutes as were then of record and 
not published ; which they did, and delivered the same 
perfectly written and examined. As this edition only 
commenced at the period when Vol. II. of the present 
edition will begin, no further notice of it is necessary 

Sir Richard Bolton, who was Recorder of Dublin, 
and represented that city in Parliament in 1613, who 
became Chief Baron of the Exchequer in 1625, and 
finally Lord Chancellor of Ireland in 1639, published 


an edition of the Irish Statutes, which was printed in 
Dublin, 1621,^ by the Society of Stationers, then 
printers to His Majesty, under the title, ** The Statutes 
of Ireland, beginning the Third year of King Edward 
the Second, and continuing until the Parliament begun 
in the eleventh year of the Reign of our most gratious 
sovereign Lord King James, and ended in the 
thirteenth year of his Eeign of England, France, and 
Ireland. Newly perused and examined with the 
Parliament Rolls; and divers Statutes imprinted in 
this Book, which were not formerly printed in the old 
Book." Sir Richard's Preface is worthy of perusal. 

For the entire period, down to the end of the reign 
of Henry V., which is that covered by the present 
volume, there are included in the edition of 1621, d-c, 
only some five chapters of the Statutes passed in t\\e. 
third year of King Edward II. , which occupy but two 
pages of the volume. This is also the case with the 
^ next collection — that of 1765 — *' The Statutes at large, 
passed in the Parliaments held in Ireland," which was 
printed in Dublin by Boulter Grierson. Vol. I. extends 
from 3 Edward II. to 1612 inclusive. Of about 1,300 
chapters of the enactments of the early Anglo-Irish 
Parliaments, contained in the rolls and records down 
to and including the reign of Richard the Third, only 
about sixty-six are to be found in the hitherto pub- 
lished editions of the Statutes of Ireland. This was 
a calculation made by the late Sir John Gilbert, who 
testified that the most valuable illustrations of the 
history of the English government in Ireland are 
derivable from these Anglo-Irish Statutes. (History 

1 This Tolmne wu reprinted in 167S by Benjamin Tooke, printer to Hifl 
Majesty, with the addition of the Acts to the Session 17 and 18 Charles 11. ; acd 
it was again reprinted in 1723, without further additions. 


of Dublin, Vol. I., prefa<5e to ed., 1854.) The fact 
that 80 few of these enactments had been printed, and 
their great importance, induced the Irish Eecord*- 
Commissioners, in the early part of the nineteenth 
centnry, to take measures for their publication; and 
on 18th February, 1811, they resolved that a complete 
and authej[itic edition of the Statutes and Ordinances 
of Ireland should be prepared and printed. It was to 
include *'. every law, as well those repealed or expired, 
as such as were then in force, with a Chronological 
list and Tables of *he principal matters." With a view 
to this plan being carried out, Suh-Commissioners on 
the Statutes were appointed; the English Sub- 
Commissioners were communicated with, and by 
25th March, 1812, some hundreds of ancient 
Statutes, &c., previous to the teoth year of King 
Henry VII. had been collected and transcribed. In 
1817, report was made that search had taken place in 
several repositories in England, and in 1819, such 
progress had been made in collecting materials for 
notes, introductory matter, tables, &c., that it seemed, 
as if the work would soon issue. In a report of the 
Sub-Commissioners, dated 1st February, 1820 (Vol. 
II., p; 645), submitting their views, they pointed out 
thatt they had been ordered to follow, without any 
deviation, the plans of the English Sub-Commissioners, 
and were further directed, at a later period, ^o include 
in their edition English Statutes binding in Ireland, 
" of which transcripts should be found upon our rolls, 
or in books of record in this country." 

: With respect to the nature of the materials for theii^ 
work, the Sub-Commissioners stated that most of it 
threw Kght on the ancient laws and historjr of Ireland.* 
^ir lUcho^ Bolton, in his dedieatory epistle, prefixed^ 



to his edition of 1621, states that he printed Statute^ 
formerly printed and not expressly repealed, for two 
reasons, **the one, lest perad venture any should 
unadvisedly taxe me of partiaUtie, that matters of 
greater moment were omitted, and matters of lesse 
consequence published ; and the other was, that 
although the said Statutes be out of use or determined 
at this day, yet the same may well serve for an 
historical! use, whereby the judicious reader may partly 
disceme both the state of the Church and Common- 
wealth in those times." Similar motives had influence 
in determining the plan formed for the present volume. 
Most subsequent laws are made with reference to 
those which have gone before, of which they are 
usually corrections or improvements. For the better 
understanding of the legislation of later periods, then, 
it is of the utmost importance to the historian and 
statesman, to be furnished with authentic transcripts 
of the ordinances enacted in prior periods. 

It was not until the year 1822, that the printing of 
the Commissioners' contemplated edition of the 
Statutes came under consideration, but by 1824, it 
^appears to have been abandoned, and the publication 
of the ancient Statutes and Ordinances of Ireland was 
reported as ** suspended." The question of expense 
seems to have weighed largely with Government when 
the question of printing came before them ; and 
difficulties appear to have arisen among the Record 
Commissioners themselves through an endeavour to 
treat the work from an exclusively legal point of view. 
In a work of the kind (and especially in one planned 
as the present) this would be well-nigh impossible, 
and could only have led the Commissioners to ultimate 
failure. For the early period covered by the present 


volume, the enactments contained in it must chiefly 
be looked at from the standpoint of the historian, 
while the student of law will find much of great 
im(!ortance to him. The aim has been to afford to both 
authentic data for their investigations and conclusions. 

The materials for the edition contemplated by the 
Record Commissioners, including drafts, fair trans- 
cripts and translations, which had been deposited in 
the State Paper Department, Dublin Castle, were 
transferred to the Public Record Office ; and Sir 
Samuel Ferguson, during his tenure of office as 
Deputy Keeper of the Records, purposed to have the 
task of revision, with a view to publication, undertaken. 
Owing to the pressure of more absolutely necessary 
business, however, the work had to be postponed. His 
successor. Dr. J. J. Digges La Touche, later on, 
thought that the time had come when it might be 
undertaken anew, and under his supervision, consider- 
able progress was made in comparing the Record 
Commissioners* transcripts and translations with the 
original records. At his death, it was still unfinished, 
and among the earliest plans formed by the present 
Deputy Keeper of the Records, on his appointment, 
was that of bringing to completion the publication of 
these early Statutes, &c., the preliminary steps for 
which had been taken nearly ninety years previously. 
The Right Hon. Sir A. M. Porter, Bart., Master of the 
Rolls in Ireland, authorised the scheme; the sanction 
of the Commissioners of H. M. Treasury was obtained, 
and a letter of the Under Secretary, dated 10th April, 
1901, conveyed the approval of His Excellency the 
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. 

This edition deals with what appears, at each 
particular period, to have been promulgated aa the 

TUl ^BEPACfi. 

Statute law in Ireland; under the older Kings, by 
writs and mandates, addressed by virtue of their royal 
prerogative, to the executive and legal officials in this 
4 country ; Statutes and Ordinances passed in Ireland ; 
^ and such as when made in England, were, by the King's 
authority, transmitted for oJ)8ervance here. Lynch, in 
his Feudal Dignities, remarks that by such writs, 
patents, and ordinances, the Commop Law was 
expounded, and enforced. At what period or in what ^ 
reign the King's ordinances completely yielded to the 
more constitutional authority of parliamentary enact- 
ments, has never yet been precisely ascertained. This 
edition is based on the historical value of the rolls and 
records; and the historical and constitutionar weight of 
the entries is quite unaffected by any present-day legal 
value which the acts may claim to possess. Hence 
the edition endeavours to bring together and embody 
at one comprehensive view, every writ, ordinance, and 
statute now extant, known to have been of force in 
Ireland from the time of King John to the end of the 
reign of Henry the Fifth — ^in other words, all acts and 
proceedings of the Parliament in Ireland, or of the '^ 
Statute law recorded as being, by due sanction, 
directed for observance here. This necessitated a 
Considerable addition to the work of the Becord Com- 
missioners^ as is evident from the fact that while their 
first volume of fair transcripts intended for publication, 
included (up . to the last-mentioned date) twenty-six 
documents, the present work numbers ninety writ^^ 
ordiiiances, and statutes. ! ; » 

Th'fe decisioir to limit Volun^e J, of this edition to 
the end of the reign of Henry V. was come to, in 
consequence of the setie^ 6i statute rolfs conimencing 
in the^eign of Henry VI. • While the material for this 


volume has been derived from various manuscript 
sources, the contents of future ones will be drawn from 
the statute rolls themselves, and some progress has 
already been made in the preparation of Volume II. 

In this collection, the translations of English 
statutes, and ordinances of the King and Council in 
England, which were transmitted to be observed in 
Ireland, are printed in smaller type. 

Where such are found in the Statutes of the Realm^ 
independent translations have been made, and thus the 
language has been modernised. When the text of 
such statutes or of the mandates sanctioning them is 
extant in the Irish Eecords, or has not yet been pub- 
lished in works of authority, it is here printed.^ 
Otherwise, a translation only is printed here, and a 
reference given to the work in which the text may be 

It now becomes necessary to direct attention to the 
original MS. sources dealt with. 

1. The Irish Statute Eolls. (These, however, do 
not come within the limits covered by this volume.) 

2. Records of parliament prior to the reign of Henry 
VI. These are contained principally in the Eed Book 
of the Exchequer in Ireland, which may be said to be 
mainly a corpus of the Statute law, probably at first 
compiled about the time of Edward I., for the guidance 
of the Court of Exchequer. In it are found the Great 
Charter of Ireland, 1 Hen. III.; the Statutes of 
Mortmain, Rhuddlan, Westminster the First and 
Second, Gloucester, and Merchants ; certain ordinances 

1 1n one or two coms, entries hare been published in the series of CSalendan of 
Patent and Oloee Rolls printed by the English Record Office^ since these ptges 
went to press. 


of the parliament of Kilkenny, 3 Edward II.; the 
Statute concerning False money; the Statutes of 
Lincoln and York ; ordinances of parliaments at 
Dublin; Petitions to the King, 16 Edward III., the 
answers to which were to be treated as ordinances; 
the Statute of Absentees, 3 Kichard II. ; the Statutes 
enacted as to the jurisdiction of Admirals, 13 and 15 
Kichard II., and a Statute at Dublin, 11 Henry IV., 
as to labourers and sheriffs. 

The Bed Book also contains a set of Articuli Cleri, 
19 Edward I. (1291), which are of extreme interest to 
the Irish ecclesiastical historian, especially as they 
have not hitherto been printed, and are practically 
unknown. The Articuli Cleri in Statutes of the Realm 
(Vol. I., p. 171) are dated 9 Edward II. (1316), so 
that the Irish articles are the more remarkable as 
being twenty-five years anterior in point of date to the 
English ones. The articles are in the form of complaints 
by Irish prelates and clergy, with replies by the Justiciar, 
and further replies by the King himself, which laid 
down the law on each subject. The references to local 
customs and rights in particular dioceses are frequent, 
and Lynch, in his Feudal Dignities, in a short notice 
of these articles, remarks that ecclesiastical jurisdic- 
tion in Ireland at the period, appears to have been of 
the most extensive character. The subjects complained 
of include the intrusion of the secular power and its 
ofiScials into the affairs of the Church, notably in the 
matter of clerks being compelled to obey the law of 
the land as to capture of felons; as to sanctuary; 
ill-treatment and arrest of clerics engaged in spiritual 
ministrations ; also as to prohibitions. They also deal 
with cognisance by Courts Christian of purely 


ecclesiastical crimes; of their jurisdiction, ifi. testa- 
mentary matters, and in marriage and divorce; and. as 
to the right of Excommunication. 

Publication of the Red Book had been in contempla- 
tion, but since the text of the greater portion of its 
contents appears in the present volume, the necessity 
for this is now obviated. The Editors of the Statutes 
of the Realm had used it for the collation of, certain 
statutes y but it was not resorted to for various readings 
in the cases of the Statutes of Gloucester,. De Viris 
Keligiosis (or Mortmain), Bhuddian,. Merchants^ 
Lincoln, and York. 

3. The Patent and Close Eolls of Ireland. 

4. The Patent and Ck)se Rolls of England. 

5. The Plea and Justiciary Eolls of Ireland. 

6. Memoranda Eolls of the Exchequer,. Ireland. 

These are all legal official records, in which enact- 
ments and ordinances are usually found enrolled, and 
they are, of necessity, of the highest authority. 

There is a further source which has been drawn on^ in. 
the shape of records, which, while official in character » 
not being preserved in legal repositories, are not ^ 
perhaps, of equal importance in point of authority. 
7 (a). First in this miscellaneous class, stands a civic 
record, the Liber Albua of the Corporation of Dublin. 
As the statutes and ordinances enrolled in the pages 
of this venerable record were transmitted by writ to 
the mayor and bailiffs of Dublin, for proclamation and 
objservance, it is the authority for including them 
among statutes applicable to Ireland. 

(fe). The Liber Niger of Christ Church Cathedral, 
Dublin, a record which contains the enactments of 
an Irish parliament (see p. 195) and enrolments of 
some English statutes^ 


(c). M8S. in the British Museum. 

id). Carew MSS., in the Library of Lambeth Palace. 

(e). A MS. in the Ussher Collection, Library 
of Trinity College, Dublin, which contains transcripts 
or abridgments of certain Irish statutes. 

(/). The Red Book of the Diocese of Ossory contains 
an Inspeximus of the Magna Carta of K. Henry III. 
(English); Statute of Westminrter the Second, 13 
Ed. I. ; ordinances and statutes made at Kilkenny, 
1851 ;^ and the ordinances against absentees from 
Ireland, 1379^. 

Attention must be directed to the proceedings 
recorded in pp. 229-237 of this work, as being of 
especial interest to the student of the growth and 
manner of parliamentary procedure at an early period 
of its institution in Ireland. In 1300, the King issued 
his writ, assigning to two officials the duty of asking 
contributions towards an Irish subsidy, in aid of his 
war with Scotland, which was sent to all cities and 
burghs throughout Ireland. The Justiciar thereupon 
summoned a general parliament to meet at Dublin, 
to which were summoned representatives of counties, 
cities, and burghs. Before its meeting, he decided to 
hold interviews with the mayors and citizens of the 
cities and burghs to be represented, when they pro- 
mised contributions towards the subsidy. Parliament 
then met, but the members, speaking as representa- 
tives of their separate constituencies, pleaded want of 
authority to grant the subsidy, and suggested to the 
Justiciar that he should personally apply to the 
Ipealities they represented. He acted on the suggestion, 

' ' * : ' } t — r— ^ — ■ ' }. ' — : — ■ 

1 The enrolment in the Ked Book of Oasory has been coUated with that in the 
Memoranda fioQ. (See p. 874) In claoae 8 of these ordtnancee, the word men^ur 
in the Mem. Boll appean aa metmw in the Bed Book ; the danae nombefed 15 
in the latter, as to the Usher of the Ezcheqn«r taking only aOs. for his fee» b not 
f onnd In the Boll ; and in clause 28, as to uking Sheriffs' aooounts, Waterf ord is 
iabstltufted for Wexford 


and received further contributions. Again, in 1310, 
writs were issued to certain magnates, for a Parbament 
to meet at Kilkenny. The sheriffs were also to 
summon representatives of the counties, cities, and 
burghs, to assist the Justiciar and council in making 
ordinances. In this Parliament, the King requested 
the assembly to choose two prelates, and two men of 
note, who were to choose sixteen of the wisest men, 
for deliberation. Certain prelates and magnates were 
elected, and sworn, and they seemed to have formed 
an inner council of representatives for the enactment 
of ordinances. 

It is remarkable that nineteen of the ordinances 
made in the parliament of Kilkenny, 1366, had been 
previously enacted in almost precisely the same words 
in a parliament of 1351, held in the same city. 

With regard to the Petitions or form of Declaration 
sent to King Henry V. in the ninth year of his reign 
fiom a parliament assembled at Dublin, some doubt 
may aris$ as to the propriety of printing the document 
in a volume of professedly statutable enactments, 
inasmuch as the King's answers are not annexed. Such 
answers, as in previous instances, would have had 
legislative force ^ but as the articles, merely in the form 
of complaints, throw much light on the government 
of this country and its social state during the period, 
and 9iilce they issu^ with the authority of the Irish 
parliament, there seemed every reason for including 
them. The Statute of Marlborough, 52 Hen. III., 
which in Ireland is only found in the Liber Niger of 
Chiist Church, is not included in this collection. 
B^ing an English statute, not enrolled in any legal 
record, and no King's writ appearing for its observance 
here, it did not come within the rules laid down. So 


long after its enactment, however, as the 13 Edward 
n./ a parliament at Dublin agreed to hold it. ,Jt will 
be foohd in JStatuUs of the Realm^ I-, p. 19. 

During the reign of . King John cpnimenced 
the gradual extension of English law over Ireland. 
Just as in England, a body of law was being^ formed 
here, based on writs that issued out of Chancery, and 
on judicial decisions. Pollock and Maitland, in their 
History of English Late, remark that a collection of 
formulas which Henry the Third sent to the Irish 
Chancery in 1227, shows by comparison with Glanvill's 
Treatise, how the number of writs to be had, of course, 
had grown in forty years. The writ transmitting this 
collection of formulas, is printed at p. 22 of this work. 
The collection is not found in any public legal record ; 
but a description of the contents of the Eegister of Writs 
is given in the Harvard Law Review, lj689 (Vol. III., 
p. 110), in an article on it by the laite Professor F. W. 
'Statutes TtidAe in England, which were to be 
observed in Ireland, were setlt Wy means of a trans- 
'cript under seal from England, to the Chancery of 
Ireland, with a writ for their enrolment directed to 
^he Chancellor. From the Chancery, they were 
Exemplified imder the great seal of Ireland, and sent 
*1!o the two Berfches and the Exchequer, and they were 
ffequentfy proclaimed in the counties. Sometimes 
the ^ writ requiring proclamation was addressed to the 

• 'A Statute such as that made at Ehuddlan, 12 
Edward I., which solely concerned the reventie, 
sheriffs' accounts, and their mode of accounting, &c., 
^appears only to have been transmitted from England by 
writ addressed to the Treasurer, Barons, and Chamber- 
•ftiins of the- Exchequer. 


TSie Calendar of the Justiciary Eolh of Ireland; 
1295-1303, riBcently published, affords highly important' 
evidence of the mode in which the Irish courts*- 
administered the law, and a reference to the Index of 
Stibjects shows that the following English statutes 
were directly cited in cases before the Justiciar's 
Court in Ireland for that period, viz. :— Merton, 
Mortmain, Westminster I. and.TI., Gloucester; 
Merchants, Quia Emptores, and False Money. All 
these-, save Quia Emptores, were transmitted ' loi* 
observance here, and treated as the law of the land :> 
The presumption is, that though its enrolment 'liete id 
not now forthcoming, this Statute had also been duly 
transmitted. +* 

In his Preface, the editor remarks that the^ law 
administered in the Justiciar's Court was the common, 
law of England, and such statutes as were transniiljt^cj . 
to be acted on in Ireland. A case is cited as ^en<ding i 
to suggest that a statute of England might, be con- 
sidered to be of force here, even though it lacked such 
sanction. In this connection, as to the decisions, o^ 
the courts under English statutes, the pijiblication of 
the later volumes of this series of. Calendars will. b4 
important to students of ancietit leg^l procedure. 'in 
this country. The Statute of Mortmain and chap'tef 
XVIII. of the Statutes of Westminster the, second, ASto 
election in recovery of debt, appear to have b^en* befom 
the Justiciar's Court more frequently than any of th^ 
others ; and when the remaining Calendars appear, :wa 
i|ball be in a more favourable position for judging the 
amount of weight and authority q^corded-to ^tiiieBid 
English Statutes by our Irish judicial bench. 

In the interpretation of the law, the cjiistoms and 
tisages/of Ireland had frequently to' be to^n into 
acdotintr! • ^e ciisto'm as to Dower had always" the 


force of law in this country, and special usages pre- 
vailed here in wardship, forfeiture, distraint, &c. For 
that as to the goods of a Testator, see p. 227. Ancient 
Irish custom as to hostages is cited at p. 443 ; and the 
customs and usages of Ireland are frequently 
mentioned as being reserved in particular instances. In 
the matter of Writs of Bounds, it was directed that in 
land inhabited by Irish, bounds should be made 
aqcording to the custom of Ireland; while in places 
inhabited by English, they should be according to the 
custom of England. (Close Boll, Eng., 7 Hen. III., 
m. 19.) 

From the time of Edward the First, a large. number 
of enrolments in the Justiciary Bolls of the Exchequer 
are entitled ** Pleas of Parliament," which include 
suits, petitions, and questions of a public character 
and of such importance that the adjudication on them 
of the Justiciar and Council in parliament was deemed 
necessary. The decisions in many instances might 
rank as ordinances, but while it seemed necessary to 
mention them, it was felt that their peculiar nature, 
the distinctly local character of. many of them, and 
their great number, precluded the possibility of includ- 
ing these pleas in the work. 

In the appendix will be found enumerated , as recited 
in records, several ordinances and proceedings in 
parliaments and great councils, which either have 
not sufficient authority to be placed in the body of the 
wdrk, or like the Pleas of Parliament, are only of a 
local' or temporary nature. 

Thanks are due to the Bight Eev. Dr. Crozier, 
Bishop of Ossory ; to the Very Bev. the Dean of Christ 
Church, Dublin; the Librarian of Trinity College^ 


Dublin : the Town Clerk and Corporation of the City 
of Dublin; G. F. Warner, Esq., D. Litt., Keeper of 
the Manuscripts in the British Museum; and the 
Librarian, Lambeth Palace Library, for their kind- 
ness in affording access to the manuscripts in their 
custody; also to Sir Henry Maxwell Lyte, k.c.b,, 
Deputy Keeper of the Public Records, for supplying 
transcripts of certain documents of record in his 
Department. The editor has also to acknowledge his 
deep sense of the courtesy and help extended by the 
officials of those Institutions and Departments. 

Public Record Office of Ireland, 
30th January, 1907. 

After the last sheet of this work had gone to pren, % fmgmflat of the 
enrolment of the Statutes made at York in the 9th year of King KdYrard 
the Third was found in a paroel of Equity Pleadings of the year 1707. 

Tliis enrolment is mentioned in the ''Inrentory of the Statute Rolls 
preserved in the Rolls office, Chancery,*' appended to a Report made by 
Mr. James Hardiman, Sub-Commissioner, dated 9 January, 1819. 
{Reports of the Irish Record CommUsUmen, 1816-1820, p. d58> Mr. 
Hardiman observes that this membrane, found among the miscellaneous 
records, and afterwards made up into a roll, contains three Statutes 
enacted at York ; which very probably were transmitted from England to 
be observed here. It then bore no ancient mark or indorsement of any 
description, and was in good preservation. The membrane must have been 
misplaced and torn after that date, as the first of these Statutes, -save its 
last line, is all that is now forthcoming. The text of this enactment Will 
be found in Statutes of the Reoim, Vol. I., p. 209.— H. F. B. 

; ^i9.: , r\. V 



A.D. Reign. 

Description of the Instrument. 







A -6. I King's Writ making the Justiciar's 
I Writs current in Ireland. 

-9. , King's Writ as to writs, and pleas 
of the Crown, Ac. 

-9 I King's Writ ordaining that Irish 
robbers be dealt with according 
to the law of England. 

Henry III. 
1216. A'-l. 

















The Great Charter of Ireland, 

King's Writ commanding pleas of 
Bounds to be dealt with In 
Ireland as in England, Ac. 

King's Writ altering the Umitatlon 
in Writs of Mort Sancestor In 

King's Writ commanding the laws 
and customs of England to be 
kept in Ireland as in King 
John's time. 

Statute of Ireland — of lands given 
in free marriage (as to who shall 
be tenant by the curtesy). 

King's Writ transmitting the form 
of writs of course for observ- 
ance in Ireland. 

King's Writ commanding that 
King John's Charter as to 
EngUsh laws and customs be 
observed in Ireland. 

King's Writ commanding that 
pleas of lay fee and advowson 
of churches be not pleaded in 
Court Christian. 

King's Writ commanding that the 
Writ of Bounds run in Ireland 
as in England. 

The Provisions of Merton (to be 
observed in Ireland^ 

Pat. BoU (Eng.) 
6 John. 

Pat. Boll (Eng.) 
9 John. 

Pat. BoU (Eng.) 
9 John. 

Bed Book of the 
Exchequer. Ire- 

Close BoU (Eng.) 
6 Hen. m. 

Pat. BoU (Eng.) 
« Hen. ni. 

Pat. BoU (Eng.). 
10 Hen. in. 

Lansdowne MS. 
480, B. Mns. 

Cott. MSn JuUus, 
D.IL, B.M1M. j 

Close BoU (Eng.), 
12 Hen. III. 

Pat. Bolls (Eng.), 
18 Hen. HL 

Close Boll (Eng.|, 
19 Hen. III. 

Cott. US., Oand.. 
D. n. (B. Mus.) 
printed In StaL 










A.D. R«ign. 

Description of the InB^iiment. 



Hejthy m.— 


12S6. A^'-SO, 








1269. -63, 

1279. A^-7. 







The Statute of Ireland con- 
cerning Coparoenen). King's 
Writ transmitting this custom 
of Enfdand for observance in 

King's Writ altering the Undtation 
in certain Writs in Ireland. 

King's Writ commanding the 
custom of England, as to those 
bom before wedlock, to be ob- 
served in Ireland. 

King's Writ commanding the Writ 
of Bounds (if abrogated) to be 
recalled into use in Ireland. 

King's Writ transmitting form of 
Writ of Bastardy, and com- 
manding the Engllsb custom 
to be observed in Ireland. 

King's Writ commanding Writs of 
right that run in Enfdand to 
run in Ireland, and that the 
laws and customs of England 
be observed in Ireland. 

Ordinance of the Justiciar's Coun- 
cil, with consent of magnates 
and commonalty of Ireland, 
as to uniformity of wd^ts and 
measures throughout Ireland, 

The Statute of Mortmain (as to 
men of religion). 

The Stotute of Rhnddlan— Pro- 
visions made in the Exchequer. 

Memorandum as to the Statutes 
of Westminster I. and II., th« 
Statute of Gloucester, and the 
Statute of Merchants having 
been sent to Ireland for pro- 
clamation and observance. 

The Statutes of Westminster the 

The Statutes of Gloucester, 
Statute of Merchanta, 

SUttttes of 

Westminster the 

CTlose Roll (Bng.). 
20 Hen. IQ., 
printed in Stat, 

Pat. Roll (Eng,) 
21 Hen. m. 

Close Boll (Eng.) 
21 Hen. ni. 

Close Boll (Eng.), 
21 Hen. HI. 

Close Boll (Eng.), 
22 Hen. III. 

Pat. Boll (Eng.). 
SO Hen. nl., 
printed in Stat, 

Flea Boll, arel.) 
Xo. 6. 

Bed Book of the 
Exchequer, Ire- 

Bed Book of the 
Exchequer, Ire- 

aose Boll (Bng.). 
13 Edw. I. 

Bed Book of the 
Exchequer, Ire- 

Bed Book of the 
Exchequer, Ire- 

Statute Boll (Bng.), 
18 Bdwd. £, 
inted in Stat, 

Bed Book of the 
Bxchequer, Ire- 


















Description of Uie Instrument. 





1291. A%-1», 

1293. -21, 

1297. -26, 

1299. -27, 

1299. -27, 

1800. -28, 

1300. -28, 

1300. -28, 

1307. -35. 

1308. A*. 1. 

1308. -1, 

1310. -8, 

Aiticull aeri. Articles of the 
. aergy. 

Ordinances made in England, with 
the King's Writ commanding 
their observance in IreUind. 

Ordinances made in a General 
Parliament held in Ireland. 

Ordinances made by the Chief 
Justiciar and the King's Coun- 
cil. (Pleas of Parliament at 

Certain ordinances concerning 
false m<mey, Ac, made in Eng- 
land, with King's Writ com- 
manding them to be observed 
in Ireland. 

Certificate by the King's Council 
in Ireland of the custom of 
Ireland as to the goods of a 

Pleas of Parliament at Dublin. 
Proceedings in a General Par- 
liament at Dublin in relation 
to grants towards a subsidy in 
aid of the war with Scotland, 
as requested in a writ of the 

King's Writ commanding that no 
silver or other white money, 
silver vessels or silver in bulk, 
be carried out of Ireland. 

The English Statute as to fieligious 
persons — De asportatis Be- 
ugiosorum — made at Carlisle, 
with King's Writ for observ- 
anoe in Ireland. 

King's Writs transmitting the 
Statute of Winchester for ob« 
servance in Ireland, with regu- 
lations for preservation of the 
peace, Ac. 

The Statute of Winchester, 

Parliament of Kilkenny. King's 
Writa for the Parliament ; and 
the Ordinances enacted therein. 

Bed Book of the 
Exchequer, Ire- 

Bed Book of the 
Exchequer, Ire- 

Black Book of 
Christ Church, 

Justiciary BoU 
(Ird.). 27 Bdwd. 

Justiciary Boll 
(Irel.). 27 Edwd. 
I., and Bed Book 
of the Ex- 
chequer, Ire- 

Justiciary BoU 
(Irel.) 28 Edwd. 

Justiciary Boll 
(Irel.), 28 Edwd. 

Justiciary Boll 
(Irel.), 28 Edw. 

Justiciary Boll 
(Irel.), 36 Edwd. 

Plea Boll (Irel.), 
1 & 2 Edwd. II. 

Statute BoU (Eng.;, 
13 Edwd. I., 
printed in 8UU. 










Pat. BoU 
3 Edwd. 








A.D* Beign. 

DeBcriptton of the Initnuneiit. 





1810. A*.-8, 

1816. -10, 

1820. -18, 

1881. 'li, 

1828. -17, 

1824. -17, 

1824. -17, 

1826. -10, 

1820. -19. 

edwd. m. 

1831. A'-.e, 

1881. -5, 

Ordinancee of a Parliament (pre- 
samably further ordinances of 
the same Parliament of Kil- 
kenny), with excommunication 
pronounced In St. Ganioe's, Kil- 
kenny, against those contra- 
vening them. 

OfOlnanoe made by the Justiciar 
and Council as to rents of alien 
absentees' lands being expended 
for defence of the county. 

Ordinances in a Parliament at 
Dublin. Amongst others, the 
Statutes of Wesoninster I. and 
n., Merton, Marlborough, and 
Gloucester to be examined, and 
points in them applicable to 
Ireland to be confirmed and held. 

King's Writ commanding tliat 
Oie Irish admitted toEnglish 
law use same concerning life 
and Umbs. 

Ordinance made for the state of 
Ireland at Nottingham, with 
Writ transmitting it for observ- 
ance in Ireland. 

Writ transmitting the Statutes of 
Lincoln and York, and com- 
manding their observance in 

Statute of Lincoln, 

SUtnte of York, 

Ordinances made in a full Par- 
liament at Dublin. 

Statute of Ireland. King's Writ 
confirming and ratifying the 
Statutes, Ac, made at Kil- 
kenny and Dublin, in the 
8rd, 18th, 17th, and 10th 
years of his reign. 

Ordinances of the Staple of Eng- 
land, Ireland, and wales, trans- 
mitted by Khig's Writ to the 
Mayor of Dublin for observance. 

Articles of the last Parliament at 
Westminster made for the im- 
provement of Ireland, with 
King's Writ for their observ- 
ance in Ireland. 

King's Writ commanding that 
castles, lands, Ac, granted after 
the King undertook the govern- 
ment^ be resumed into his hands. 

Red Book of the 
Exchequer, Ire- 

Memoranda Boll. 
Exchequer (Irel.) 
3-11 Edwd. U. 

Bed Book of the 
Exchequer, Ire- 

Pat. Boll (Eng.), 
14 Edwd. II., 
(printed in 

Prynne's Ani- 

Statute BoU (Eng.), 

17 Edwd. II.. 
printed in Stat. 

Bed Book of the 
Exchequer, Ire- 


aose Boll (Irel.), 

18 Edwd. II. 

aose BoU (Irel.), 
20 Edwd. II. 

Liber Albus, Car- 
poration of Dub- 

Memoranda Boll, 
Exchequer, Ire- 
land, 6 A 6 
Edwd. III. 

Memoranda Boll, 
Exchequer, Ire- 
land. 6 A 9 
Edwd. ni. 














A.D. B«ign. 

Description of the Instrament. 

EJDWD. in.— 


1332. A^-6. 


King's Writ commanding ob- 
servance in Ireland of the Sta- 
tutes made at Westminster. 
1327, 1330, 1331: and at 
Northampton, 1328. 

-16, Petitions sent by tiie prelates, 
earls, barons, and.conmionalty 
of Ireland to the King, which 
on being examined by hb 
Council the King answered ; 
the answers to be held and 

King's Writ, authorizing the pur- 
port of the answers to be pub- 
fished and observed in Ireland, 
&c., Ac. 



-18 King's Writ that none are to sup- 
ply the Irish at war against the 
King with victuals. Ac, and 
i that one peace and one war be 
observed throughout Ireland. 

-23, King's Writ transmitting to the 
I mayor and bailiffs of Dublin 
the English Statute of Servants 
I and Labourers, and command- 
ing it to be proclaimed and 
observed in the city. 

I (Cap. XIV. of the Ordinances of 
* 1351 ordained that the English 
Statute of Labourers sent to 
Ireland be sent to all sheriffs, 
seneschals, mayors, ifcc, for 

1349-50. -24, Memorandum as to the Statute 
which enacted that magnates 
having lands in Ireland should 
have there men-at-arms, &c. 

1340-60. -24, Extract, from Ordinance in a Par- 
liament at Westminster as to 
issues of lands in Ireland being 
spent in their defence, Ac, 







Ordinances made in a Great 
Council at Kilkenny. 

Ordinance of the Council against 
forestallers of fish, &c. 

King's Writ conveying an Ordin- 
ance of the King and Council 
in England as to the correction 
of errors in Parliaments to be 
held in Ireland. Ac, 


Statute Roll (Eng.) 
6 Edwd. lU., 
printed in 3tai. 

Red Book of the 
Exchequer, Ire- 

16 Edwd. lU., 
printed in Hy- 
mer'B Foedera, 
vol. n. 

Close RoU (Irel.), 
18 Edwd. m. 

Liber Albus, Cor- 
poration of Dub- 

Red Book of the 
Exchequer, Ire- 

Rot. Rom. (Eng.), 
24 Edwd. III., 
(printed in Ry- 
mer's Foedeta, 
vol. in). 

Memoranda Roll, 
Exchequer, Ire- 
land, 26 & 26 
Edwd. III. 

aose RoU (Irel.), 
29 A 30 Edwd. 


aose RoU (Eng.), 
29 Edwd. m., 
printed in Ry- 
mer's Foedera 
vol. lU. 














A.D. Reign. 

DescriptioQ of the iDstroment. 



EDWD. ni.— 

can tinned. 
1367. A°.-31. 

1361. -35, 

1361. -35, 

1366. -40, 

1368. -42, 

Rich. II. 

1377. A°.-l, 

1380. -8, 

1380. -4, 

1380. -4, 

1380. -4. 

1386. -9, 

1385. -0, 

Ad Ordinance made for the estate 
of the land of Ireland. 

Kind's Writ commanding tliat 
clerks of the Irish race, faithful 
subiects, be not excluded from 
ecclesiastical benefices, (by Pe- 
tition of Parliament). 

Ordinances of the King and Coun- 
cil in England as to sheriffs, 
seneechals. and levying the 
King's debts, transmitted by 
Writ for observance in Ireland. 

The Statutes of Kilkenny, 

An Ordinance concerning the land 
of Ireland made in a Parlia- 
ment at Dublin. 

Agreement in a Parliament at 
Tristeldermot. granthig Murgli 
Obryen a subsidy, on condition 
of his withdrawing his forces 
from Leinster. 

Petitions on behalf of Ireland 
presented to the English Par- 
liament, with answers of the 
Khig in the nature of Ordi- 
nances made with assent of 

Grant by a Parliament at Dublin 
for the levying of certain small 
new customs. 

Subsidy of a Tenth granted by the 
prelates and clergy in a Par* 
Uament held at Dublin. 

Confirmation of Cap. XIV. of the 
Statutes of Kilkenny, as to no 
Irishman or Scot being ad- 
mitted to the profession of a 
religious house. 

King's Writ, founded on Petition 
to a Great Council held at Dub- 
lin, as to the people of Ireland 
not being molested, contrary 
to their liberty and privilege, 
by the execution oi writs out 
of England. 

Agreement in a Great Council to 
send messengers to the King, 
to ask him to visit Ireland. 

Statute Roll (Eng.),' 
31 Edwd. III., ! 
printed In Stai, 

Close Roll (Lng.\ 
35 Edwd. m.. 
printed in 
llymer's Foe- > 
dero, vol. III. 

Memoranda Roll, ; 
Exchequer (Irel.)t 
S4and36Edwd. • 

Carew MS.. 603, > 
Lambeth Palace 

aose Roll (Eng.), 
42 Edwd. m., 
printed in 

Rymer's Fm - 
dera, vol. IIL 


Close Roll (Irel.), 
I RIc. II. 

Rot. Pari. (Eng.), < 
3 Rlc. If., I 
ninted In 

Prynne's Ani- I 

Pat. Roll (Irel.), 
5 Ric. n. 

Close RoU (Ird.). 
4 Rlc. n. 

Close RoU (Ire!.), 
4 Ric. U. 

Close Roll (Irel.), 
9 Ric. II. 

aose Roll (Irel.), 
9 Rlc. II. 















A.D. Reign. 

Rich. II.-— 

1385. A'.-9. 

1388. -12. 

1380. -13, 
1391. -15, 
1304. -18. 


1300. A'.-l. 

1402. -3, 
1412. -3, 

1402. -3, 

1402. -3, 

1401^10. -11, 
1410. -11, 

Degcription of the Instrument. 


Declaration made by Philip de { 
Courtenay, lieutenant of Ire- i 
land, in a Great Council at i 
Dublin, as to persons whom he | 
might have aggrieved. 

Ordhianoe that the English Stat- 
utes of Artiflcen, Labourers, 
and Servants be observed in 
Ireland, and as to their wages, 

Ordinance by the Irish Parliament 
that none buy falcons, hawks, 
&c., in Ireland, for sale there 
or in England. 

King's Writ, commanding ob- 
servance in Ireland of certain 
articles in English Statutes of 
Edward III., and Richard II. 

Ordinance in a Parliament at 
Dublin that necessaries be not 
sold to anylrishman not abiding 
among English lieges. 

The Statute of Absentees, 3 Ric. n. 
(Eng.), transmitted by Writ 
commanding its observance in 

Statutes and Ordinances made in a 
Partiament at Dublin. 

The Statute enacted against Ad- 
mirals, 18 Ric. II., ordered to 
be observed in Ireland, by an 
Irish SUtute, 3 Hen. IV. 

The Statute enacted against Ad- 
mirals, 15 Ric. n., ordered to 
be observed In Ireland, by an 
Irish Statute, 3 Hen. IV. 

Article against forcible entry, made 
in a Parliament at Dublin, sent 
with King's Writ for observ- 

Statutes made in a Parliament at 
Dublin as to labourers, and 
as to sherifb. 

An abridgment of Statutes made 
in a pariiament at Dublin. 
(Certain of the articles are only 
in the nature of bills, no enact- 
ments having been made on 

aosp Roll (Irel.), 
Ric. II. 

Liber Albus, Cor- 
poration of Dub- 

Pat. RoU (Irel.), 
13 Ric. II. 

Liber Albus. Cor- 
poration of Dub- 

Close RoU (Irel.), 
18 Ric. II. 

Red Book of the 
Exchequer, Ire- 

Pat. RoU arel.), 
8 Hen. IV. 

Red Book of the 
Exchequer, Ire- 

Red Book of the 
Exchequer, Ire 

Plea RoU (Irel.), 
3 Hen. IV. 

Red Book of the 
Exchequer, Ire- 

Ussher MS. E. 1. 
41,Llbrary, Trin- 
ity CoUege, Dub- 
















A.D. BeigD. 

HBN. IV.-. 


lilli A°.-13, 

Hen. v. 






Descriptloii of the lOBtrumept. 


English Statutes against Pro- 
visors, Ac.f sent by King's 
Writ, commanding them to be 
enrolled, proclaimed, and ob- 
served in Ireland. 

Statute of a Parliament at West- 
minster, as to Irish clerks, 
beggars. &c., being sent out of 
England, &c. 

Statute of a Parliament at West- 
minster, conftarming an Irish 
Statute against Irishmen being 
prelates In Ireland, Ac, 

Petitions, or a Declaration of the 
community of the land of 
Ireland, In a Parliament at 
Dublin, sent to the King in 
England. Answers (if any) 
do not appear to have been 

Pat. RoU (Irel.), 
13 Hen. IV. 

SUtute Roll (Eng.), 
1 Hen. v.. printed 
in Stat. Realm, 

Statute RoU 

(Eng.). 4 Hen. v., 
printed in Stat, 

Pat. Boll (Irel.), 
9 Hen. V. 












6 JOHN. A.D. 1204. 
[Patent Roll (Engl.) 6 John ^n. 6J.* 

THE King, &c., to his Justiciar, barons, knights, and all Writs made 
his faithful subjects of Ireland, ike. Know ye that we f^^tion!"*'' 
have granted authority to our Justiciar of Ireland that his 
writs shall run throughout our entire land and dominion of 
Ireland, namely — the writ of Eight, of half a knight's fee and 
less ; and of Mart cTaneestor likewise of Jialf a knight's fee and 
less ; and the limitation of Mort cFanceator shall be after the 
passage of King Heniy our father, from Ireland into England ; 
and the writ of Novel Disseisin shall have its limitation after 
our first coronation at Canterbury, and the writ of Fugitives 
and Villeins shall have its limitation after the taking of Dub- 
lin ; and the writ for making bounds between two vills 
(except baronies); and so we command and strictly enjoin 
that you cause these things so to be done and firmly observed 
throughout our entire jurisdiction of Ireland. Witness myself 
at Westminster the 2d day of November. 

9 JOHN. A.D. 1207. 
[Patent Roll (Engl.) 9 John m. 4/^* 

THE King to all, &c., of all Ireland, Ac. You well know King*s Writs 
that as we are bound to maintain and guard your rights, f?^^®*" °^ 
so are you bound to preserve and defend our lights in all 
things. And inasmuch as we are unwilling that you should 
be governed henceforth except by law and judgment, or that 
anyone should take anything from you at his will, or should 
be able to disseise you of your free tenements unjustly and 

1 The text is printed in Hot. Lit, Pat. in turri Lond., 1201-1216, p. 47 ; 
also in Prynne'a AnimadverHoru (1669)| p. 250. 
* The text is printed in Bot, Lit. Pat, in turri Land,, 1201-1216, p. 76. 



without judgment, or that you should be impleaded of your 
free tenements by writ of any save of us or of our Justiciar, 
but that justice may be shown to you therein by us, We strictly 
forbid you, by the fealty whereby you are bound to us, to 
answer for any or in the court of any, of your free tenements 
save by precept and writ of us or of our Justiciar, or to 
answer of any plea of the Crown save before us or our Jus- 
ticiar or before the Justices whom we or the said Justiciar 
shall send among you for the upholding of the law, and be 
you faithfully in aid to the said Justiciar so to maintain 
this. And if anyone presume to contravene this or to inter- 
fere with you, you shall have recourse to our said Justiciar, 
whom we have enjoined to remedy it for you with our power 
and your assistance, wherefore we will and command this to 
be thus strictly observed. We forbid, Ac, upon forfeiture of 
life and limbs, that anyone sell or buy by other money than 
Irish ^^^ money of Ireland, which we will to be current throughout 

currency. our whole realm and no other. Witness myself at Woodstock 
the 9th day of November. 

9 JOHN. A.D. 1207. 
[Patent Roll (Engl.) 9 John m. 2f.y 
Irish robbers, fliHE King to M[eiler], son of Henry, Justiciar of Ireland, 
d*^it*^ ^ ^^'^ ^^'^ ^ *^^ other his barons and faithful subjects of 

according to Ireland, <fec. Know ye that at the wish and advice of our 
England? beloved and faithful Earl W[illiam] Marescal, and Walter 
de Lascy, and other of our baix)ns of Ireland, who were with 
UR in England, and by advice of our faithful subjects of Eng- 
land, we will and ordain that the robbers of Ireland be driven 
out of our land of Ireland, and that they and those who 
receive them be dealt with according to the law of England. 
And so we command you that thus you cause it to be done, 
and in witness hereof, we send you these our letters patent. 
Witness myself at Southampton the 23d day of March. 

1 The text is printed in Hot. LU. Pat, in iurri lond,^ 1201-1216, p. 80 ; 
also in PrvQnA*R Animadtrraunu (1669), p. 260. 

I. flENRY lit 


1 HENRY III. A,D. 1216. 

[Red Book of the Exchequer in Ireland, fol. 69-73.] 

The Great Charter of Ireland. 
■ENRICUS dei gra Rex yTENRY, bj the grace of 

JUL God, King of England, 
lord of Ireland, Duke of Nor- 
mandy and Aquitaine, Count 
of Anjou, to the archbishops, 
bishops, abbots, earls, barons, 
justices, foresters, sheriffs, 
provosts, ministers, citizens, 
bailiffs, and his faithful people, 
greeting. Know ye that we, 
having regard to God and for 
the salvation of our soul and 
[the souls] of all our ancestors 
and successors, to the honour of 
God and for the exaltation of 
Holy Church and the amend- 
ment of our kingdom, by the 
advice of our venerable fathers, 
the lord Gualo, cardinal priest 
by the title of St. Martin, and 
legate of the Apostolic See; 
P[eter] of Winchester ; R. of 
St. Asaph; J[ocelyn] of Bath 
and Glastonbury ; S[imon] of 
Exeter; R[ichard] of Chi- 
chester; W[illiam] of Coven- 
try; B[euedict] of Roches- 
ter; H[enry] of Uandaff; 
... of St. David's ; . . . 
of Bangor ; and S[ilvester] of 

' Interlined. 

'''The Red Book reads London^ while Statutes of the Realm has LandaVf 
which is correct, as Henry was Bishop of Llandaff, 1191-1219. The Bishop 
of London in 1216 was William de S. Mere I'eglise. 

' So in Red Book. In 1216 Gervase was Bishop of St. David's, and 
Cadwgan of Bangor. 

Anglie Dds Hy^nie 
Dux Norman * A quit Comes 
Andegauie Archiepis Epis 
Abbatib3 Comitib3 Baronibj 
Justiciar fforestar vicecomi- 
tib3 ^poitis Ministris Civib3 
balliuis % fidelib3 suis salutem. 
Sciatis nos intuitu di '^ pro 
salute anime iire % omniu 
antecessc^ « successof^ nro^ 
ad honorem dei « exaltacoem 
see Ecctie « emendacom Regni 
nri p consilium venerabilium 
patrum iiroj^ dni Guale tt sci 
Martini ^sbiPi cardinal % 
apostolice sedis legati P : 
Wintoii. R:de sco assapho 
J:Bathon % Glaston : S. 
BIzoil RrCicestren. W ; 



B : Roffeii. 


Bangoreii « S 


Wygorn epo)^ « nobiliu rirdf. Wilti Marescalli Comitis Penbroc 
R : Comitis Cestr W:de feirsu^ Comitis de Derb W. Comitis 
do Aubemarle Hubert! de Burgo Justiciar iiri Sauaricii de 
malo leone WiHmi Bruerie pat»8 WiHi Bruer fit Roberti de 
curtenai Falkesii de Breute Beginaldi de vautort W:de laci 
Hugon de motuo mari JoK de Monomuto W :de Beuehaump 
W:de Cliffoi^ R:de mortuo mari WiHi de Cantilupo Mathei 
fit Herberti Jolinis marescalli Alani Bassett P:de albimiaoo 
Johnis extranei % alioj^ fideliuui nrc^. C. In i>^mis conoesi 
deo hac ^senti carta iira coiifirmasse p nobis % heredib3 nris 
impi)etuu qd Hy^nicana ecca libera sit % habeat iura sua 
integ « libertates suas iilesas, Concessimus % omnib3 liberis 
hominibj de regno oro p nob « heredibus imppetuum omnes 
libertates subsc^ptas habendas « tenendas eis % heredib3 sois 
de nob « heredib3 nris. C. Si quis Comitu ut baronu no^ 
slue alio]^ tenentiu de nob in capite p luiciu militare 
mortuus fuerit % cum decesserit heres suus plene etatis 
fuerit « releu debeat habeat hereditate suam p antiquu 
releuiu silioet heres ut heredes comitis de Baronia cofii 
integ^ P centum lib*s. Heres ut hei^des baronis de Baronia 
baronis integ* p centum libras. Heres ut heredes militis de 
feudo militis integro p centu solidos ad plus « qui min^ 
debuerit minus det scdm antiq^m consuetudinem feodo^. Si 
autem heres alicui^ taliu fuerit infra etatem dominus eius non 
hebit custodiam ifiius nee Pre sue anteq^m homagium eius cepit 
% posq^m tat heres fuerit in custodia ad etatem pueneiit sil3 
viginti % vnius annoj^ Habeat hereditatem suam sine releuio % 
sine fine. Ita tamen qd si ipe dum infra etatem fuerit miles, 
nichilho Pra remaneat in custodia dni sui us(^ ad ^dm Pminu. 

1. HENRT IlL 7 

Worcester, bishops ; and of the nobles, William Marescal, earl 
of Pembroke, R[alph], earl of Chester ; W[illiam] de Ferrars, 
earl of Derby ; WplHam], earl of Albemarle ; Hubert 
de Bargo, our Justiciar ; Savaric de Malo Leone ; William 
Bruere, the father ; William Bruere, the son ; Robert de Cur- 
tenai, Falk de Breute, Reginald de Vautort, W[idter] de Laci, 
Hugh de Mortimer^ John of Monmouth, W[alter] de 
Beuchaump, W[alter] de Clifford, R[obert] de Mortimer, 
William de Cantilupo, Matthew son of Herbert ; John 
Marescal, Alan Basset, P[hilip] de Albuniaco, John Lestrange, 
and other our lieges. ^ 

Firstly we have granted to God, [and] by this our present Irish Church 
Charter have confirmed for us and our heirs for ever that the '^®* 
Irish Church shall be free, and have all her rights entire and 
liberties inviolable. 

We have also granted to all free men of our kingdom, for us 
and our heirs for ever, all the liberties underwritten, to have 
and to hold to them and their heirs of us and our heirs. 

If any of our Earls or Barons or others holding of us in chief Reliefs. 
by knight service die, and at the time of his death his heir 
be of full age and owe Relief, he shall have his inheritance by 
the ancient Belief, namely, the heir or heirs of an Earl for 
the entire barony of the Earl by one hundred pounds ; the 
heir or heirs of a Baron for the entire barony of the Baron by 
one hundred pounds; the heir or heirs of a Knight for a 
whole Knight's fee by one hundred shillings at the most : and 
he who owes less shall give less, according to the ancient 
custom of the fees. 

But if the heir of any one of such be under age, his lord Wardship 
shall not have the wardship of him nor of his land before that *"^ Homage, 
he take of him homage. And when such heir who shall have 
been in ward shall come to age, that is to say of twenty-one 
years, he shall have his inheiitance without Relief and with- 
out fine ; provided that if he while under age become a 
knight, nevertheless his land shall remain in the custody of 
his lord up to the said term. 


Costofl Pre hi^ « heredis qui in^ etatem fuerit non capiat de 
Pra hered msi racionabiles exitus « racionabiles oonsuetadines 
« racionabilia luicia % hoc sine distrticcbne ut vasto hominu 
ut r^ ; « si nos comiserim^ ciistodiam alic tat Pre vioecbi ut 
alicui alii qui de exitib3 Pre iilius no^ respond^e debeat « Ule 
destruocionem fecerit de custodia ut vastum ; Nos ab eo 
capiem^ emend « terra c5^committat^ duob3 legalib3 « discretis 
hominib3 de feudo illo q^ de exitib3 respondeant noB ut ei 
cui illc« assignafiimus. £t si dederimus ut vendideribus^ 
alicui custodiam alicui^ tat Pre <c ille destruccbem inde 
feoerit ut vastum amittat custodiam illam % t^dat' dnob3 
Iegalib3 « discretis hominib3 de feodo illo qui similiP noB 
inde respondeant sicut ^dcm est. Gustos aute q'mdiu 
custodiam Pre hab&it sustentet domoa parcos viuaria stangna 
molendina % cePa ad Ulam Pram ptinencia de exitib3 Pre 
eiusd, "i reddet hcredi cu ad plenam etatem puelfit Pram 
suam totam instauratam de carucis « omnib3 aliis reb3 
admin^ scdm qd illas recepit. Hec omnia obseruent' de 
custodia Archiepatuu Epatuu AbbaciaJ^ p^oratuu ecclesiaj^ * 
dignitatuu vacanciu excepto q^ custodie hi^ uendi non debent 
Heredes maritanf absq^ dispagacbne. Vidua p^ mortem mariti 
sui statim % sine dilacbne aliq* habeat maritagiu suu % 
hereditatem suam nee aliquid det p dote sua ut maritagio ut 
lieditate sua q^n hereditatem marit^ suus % ipa tenuert 
die obitus ifSius mariti « maneat vidua in domo mariti sui 
p xl* dies post mortem ipius mariti sui infra quos ei 
assignet^ dos sua n^ p'us ei fuerit assignata ut nisi dom^ 
ilia ffiit castru % si de castro recesserit statim puideat^ 
ei dom^ competens in qua possit honeste morari quousq^ 
dos sua ei assignet' scdm qd jpdcm est. Nulla vidua distr 

ISO iiiM& 

I. HBKRT iir. 9 

The gaardian of such land and heir, who may be under age, Waste on 
shall nofc take of the land of the heir save reasonable issues, ,^nor? * 
reasonable customs, and i*ea8onable services, and these without 
destruction or waste of men or goods. And if we commit the 
custody of any such land to tlie Sheriff or any other who 
ought to answer to us of the issues of that land, and he make 
destruction or waste of what is in his custody, we shall take 
of him amends, and the land shall be committed to two lawful 
and discreet men of that fee, who shall answer of the issues to 
us, or to him to whom we shall have assigned them. And if we 
shall give or sell to anyone the custody of any such land, and 
he make destruction thereof, or waste, he shall lose that custody, 
and it shall be delivered to two lawful and discreet men of 
that fee, who likewise shall answer to us thereof, as aforesaid. 

But the guardian as long as he has custody of the land Quardian to 
shall keep up the houses, parks, vivaries, ponds, mills, and houses &c. 
other things pertaining to that land out of the issues of the 
said land, and shall I'estore to the heir, when he shall have 
come to full age, all his land stored with ploughs, and all other 
things, at least as he received them. 

All these things shall be observed in i-egard to the custody Same in cases 
of vacant archbishoprics, bishoprics, abbacies, piiories, churches gees*^. 
and dignities, save that such custodies ought not to be sold. 

Heirs shall be married without disparagement. A widow Marriage of 
immediately after the death of her husband, and without any **"' 
delay, shall have her marriage [portion] and her inheritance, Widows, 
neither shall she give anything for her dower or marriage 
[portion] or inheritance, which inheritance her husband and 
she herself held on the day of the death of the said husband, 
and the widow may remain in the house of her husband for Quarentine. 
forty days after her said husband's death, within which her 
dower shall be assigned her, unless it shall have been assigned 
her previously, or unless that house be a castle, and if she 
depart from the castle, immediately a competent house shall be 
provided for her in which she may honourably dwell until her 
dower be assigned her as aforesaid. No widow shall be com- 


ad se maritand du volfiit vifie sine marito. Tta tame qd 
securitatem faciat qd se non maritabit siDe assensu nro ai 
de nob ten&it ut sine asseiisu dni sui si de alio ienuerit. 
Nos ut balliui nri non saysiemus fram aliq^m n^ redditu p 
debito aliq^ q'^mdiu catalla debitoris ^sencia suffidut ad 
debitu reddend % ipe debitor patus inde satisfa& nee ptgii 
ipius debitoris dist^ngant^ q'mdiu ipe capital debitor sufficit 
ad solucoem debiti. Et si capital debitor defe&t in soliicone 
non habens vnde i^ddat aut reddle nolit cum possit plgii 
respondeant de debito % si yolfiint habeant t^ras % reddit 
debitoris quousq^ sit eis satisfcra de debito qd ante p eo soluerut 
n* capital debitor monst^ierit se quietu esse uersus eosd 
ptgios. Ciuitas Dublin habeat omnes antiqs libertates « liberas 
cdsuetudines suas. PrePea volum^ « concedim^ qd omnes 
alie ciuitates ville "^ Burgi « omnes portus habeant omnes 
libertates * liberas consuetudines suas. NuUus distringat' ad 
faciend mai^ $uiciu de feodo militis n"* de alio libero tenemeto 
q*m inde debetur. Comunia placita non seq^nt^ curiam nram 
S3 teneanf in aliqao c^to loco. Becognicoee de noua 
dissejsina de morte antecessoris % de ultima ^sentacone no 
capiant^ nisi in suis Comitatib3 % hoc modo. Nos ut si ext* 
regnu fuerim^ capitalis Justic nr mittem^ duos justiciar p 
vnuquemq^ comitatu p qtuor vices in anno qui cu q*tuor 
militib3 cui^libet comitat electis p comitatum capiant >( in 
comitatu % in die % loco Comitatus Assisas f^dcas. Et si in die 
Comitatus assise ^dicte capi ii possuat, tot milites % libere 
tenentes remaneat de illis qui inPfuert comitatui die illo p q^'s 
possit sufficient indicia fieri scdm qd negociu fSit mai^ ut min^. 


pelled to marry while she wishes to live without a husband, Remarriage. 
provide<l| nevertheless, that she give security that she will not 
many without our assent, if she hold of us, or without the 
lussent of her lord, if she hold of another. 

We or our bailiffs shall not seize any land or rent for any Seizure for 
debt as long as the chattels of the aebtor at hand suffice for 
paying the debt, and the debtor himself be prepared thereout 
to satisfy. Neither shall the sureties of the debtor himself be 
distrained as long as the principal debtor himself suffice for the 
payment of the debt. And if the principal debtor fail in payment, 
not having whereof he can pay, or be unwilling to pay when 
he is able, the sureties shall answer for the debt, and if they 
wish they may have the lands and rents of the debtor until 
satisfaction be made to them for the debt which they already 
paid for him, unless .the principal debtor show that he is quit 
as regards those sureties. 

The City of Dublin shall have all its ancient liberties and liberties of 
free customs : moreover, we will and grant that all other Dublin, Ac 
cities, towns, and burghs, and all ports shall have all their 
liberties and free customs. 

No one shall be distrained to do more service of a knight's DiBtreas for 


fee or of any other freehold than is thereout due. 

Common Pleas shall not follow our Court, but shall be held Common 
, . , Pleas, 

m some certam place. 

i oiNovd Disseisin, oiMort d ancestor y and of DatTein Assises. 
presefUment shall not be taken except in their own counties, 
and in this way. We, or if we be out of the kingdom, our 
Chief Justiciar, shall send two justices through every county 
four times in the year, who, with four knights of eyery 
county elected by the county, shall take, both in the county 
[court] and on the day and place of the county, the aforesaid 
assises ; and if on the day of the oounty [court] the aforesaid 
assises cannot be taken, so many knights and free tenants of 
those who were present at the county [court] on that day shall 
remain, by whom it may be competent to make judgments 
according as the business shall be more or less. 


Liber homo n afflciei? p puo delicto n* scdm modu delicti, « 
p magno delicto scdm magnitudinem delicti saluo oontenemSto 
8U0 % Scator eodm m^ salua ficandasia sua et villanus eodem 
m** aficietur saluo wannagio suo si inciderit in mlam nnun. 
£t nulla ^dcoJ( mlf^ ponat' n> p sac^eut plx^ « legaliu 
hominu de visneto. Comites % Barones non aficient' n' p 
pares suos « non n^ scdm modu delicti* Nullus clericns 
aficiet^ n^ scdm formam §dcof « non scdm qMititatem 
beneficii sui eccasticL Nee villa nee homo dist^ngef fa& 
pontes ad ripariaa nisi q^ ab antiq^ « de iure faJSe debent. 
Nullus vie Constabular Coronatores vt alii balliui nn teneant 
placita corone iire. Si aliq^s tenens do nob laicu feodu 
moriat' % vicecomes vt balh» nr ostendat lltFas iiras patentes 
de sumdicone nra de debito quod defuctus nob debuit, 
liceat vicecomiti ut Balliuo uro attachiare « inbiiare catalla 
defucti inuenti^ in laieo feodo ad valenciam illius debiti p 
visum legaliu hominu. Ita tamen qd nichil inde amoueaf^ 
don* psoluat' nob debitu qd claru fuit * residnu relinqH*^ 
executorib3 ad faciend testamStu defOcti. Et si nich debeat' 
ab ipo omia catalla cedant defucto saliiis uxori sue <« pu^ 
suis racionabilib3 ptib3 suis. Nullus Constabular ul eius 
baits capiat blada ut alia catalla alicui^ qui non sit de villa 
ubi castr suu est nisi statim inde reddat denarios ut respectum 
inde tiro possit de voluntate venditoris; si autem de villa 
fu^it, teneat^ infra tres sept^ fJcium reddere. Nullus 
Constabulai^ distringat aliquS militem ad dand denarios p 
custodia cast* si ipe eam fa& volu^it in pp*a psona sua ut p 
alium pbum homine si i{5e eam fa^e non possit ppF radonabiiem 

1 So In MS. 

I. HENRY ni. 18 

No freeman shall be amerced for a small fault, bat acoording AmeroemenU 
to the measure of the fault, and for a great fault acoording to ^^ ' 

the magnitude of the fault, saving his contenement ; and a 
merchant in the same waj, saving his merchandise ; and a 
villein shall be amerced in the same ifvay, saving his wannage, 
if he fall into onr mercj ; and none of the said amercements 
shall be assessed but by the oath of good and lawful men of 
the venue. Earls and barons shall not be amerced except by P^n. 
their peers, and according to the measure of their fiBLulU 
No clerk shall be amerced except according to the form of Clerks, 
the aforesaid, and not according to the quantity of his 
ecclesiastical benefice. 

No town nor individual shall be distrained to make bridges Bridges. 

over rivers, except those who of old and of right ought to 

make them. 

No sheriff, constable, coroners, or other our bailiffs shall PI®" of the 
_ - , _ ^ Crown, 

hold pleas of our crown. 

If any holding a lay fee of us die, and our sheriff or bailiff Crown debts 
show our letters patent of our summons of debt, which the ^ * eceased, 
deceased owed us, it shall be lawful for our sheriff or bailiff 
to attach and schedule the chattels of the deceased, found in 
the lay fee, to the value of that debt, by view of lawful men ; 
provided, nevertheless, that nothing thereof be removed until 
there be paid us the debt which was clear, and the residue 
shall remain to the executors to fulfil the testament of the 
deceased ; and if nothing be owing by him, they shall give up 
all chattels to the deceased, saving to his wife and children 
thdr reasonable portions. 

No constable or his bailiff shaU take com or other chattels Purvejanoe 
of anyone who be not of the vill where his castle is, unless he . ^ 

forthwith pay money therefor, or by the will of the vendor 
he can have respite thereof; but if he be of the vill, he 
shall be bound to pay the price within three weeks. 

No constable shall distrain any knight to pay money for CtstU wurd. 
guarding his castle, if he be willing to do it in his own person, 
or by any other good man, if he cannot for reasonable 


causam, « si nos duiPim^ ut miserim' eu in ex&itQ erit qaiet' 
de custodia sodm q*ntitaie tSpis quo p nos f&it in ex&ita. 
Nnllas vicecomes vt Balliuns nr vt alius capiat eq*8 a) 
carectas alicui^ p cariagio faciendo n^ reddat liberacoem 
antiqnit^ statuta, scil3 p carecta ad duos equos decern denarios 
p diem « p carecta ad tres equos qHuordecim denarios p 
diem. Nee nos nee balliui nri capiem^ alienu boscu ad cast* 
ut alia Agenda nostra nisi p voluntatS ipios cui^ boscos ille 
fu^it. Nos non tenebim^ Pras ill<^ qui conuicti fu^nt de 
felonia n* p vnu annu * vnu diem « tuc reddant' Pre dnis 
feodoj^. Et omes Kydelli deponant' de cePo p totam Auenlilh 
9^ p totam hybm nisi p costeram maris. Breue quod yocat' 
^cipe de cePo non fiat alicui de aliquo tenemento vnde 
liber amitPe possit curiam suam. Yna mensura vini sit p 
totum regnum nrm % yna mensura c^uisie % vna mensura 
bladi scil5 q^rPiu Dublin, % vna latitude panno^ tinctoj^ 
Kussettoj^ haubergettoj^ scilj due ulne infra listas. De 
ponderib3 ante sit ut de mensur. Nichil def de cePo p Bri 
Inq'sicois de vita ut membris 83 gHis concedat^ % non 
negef. Si aliq*s teneat de nob p feodi firmam at socagium 
ut p burgagiu « de alio teneat Pram p luiciCL militare n"" 
habebim^ custodiam heredis n'' Pre sue que est de feudo 
alPius oocasione illius feodi firme ut socagii ut burgagii. 
Nee habebim^ custodiam illius feodi firme ut socagii ut 
burgagii n* i^a feodi firma debeat Suiciu militare. Nos non 
habebim^ custodiam alicuius Pre ut Kedis q*m tenet de alio 
p $uiciu militare oocasione alicui^ pue SianSe q^ tenet de 
no^ p ?uiciu reddendi noB cultellos ut sagittas ut hui^modi. 


cause do it himself ; and if we bring or send him on an 
expedition, he shall he quit of [castle] ward for the time he 
was on the expedition with us. 

No sheriff or bailiff of ours or any otter shall take horses or Purveyance, 
carts of any man for making carriage unless he pay the price c^^rtB. 
of old time appointed, that is to say — for a cart for two 
horses, ten pence a day, and for a cart for three horses, four- 
teen pence a day. Neither we nor our bailiffs shall take the 
wood of another for castles or caiTying out other our works Wood. 
unless by the will of him to whom the wood belongs. 

We will not hold the lands of those who shall be convicted Lands of 
of felony, save for a year and a day, and then the lands shall 
be restored to the lords of the fees. 

Also all weirs shall henceforth be put down through the Weirs, 
whole of the Anna liffey and all Ireland, except by the sea 

The writ which is called *' precipe " from henceforth shall Writ of 

not be granted to anyone of any tenement whereby a freeman 

may lose his court. 

There shall be one measure of wine throughout our entire Uniform 
; . , J ^11 m measures and 

kingdom, and one measure of ale, and one measure of corn, weights. 

that is to say, the quarter of Dublin ; and one breadth of 

dyed cloth, russets and habergets, that is to say, two ells 

within the lists ; and let it be of weights as of measures. 

Nothing shall henceforth be given for a Writ of Inquisition Write of 
of life or limbs, but it shall be freely granted and not denied. 

If any hold of us by fee-farm, or by socage or burgage, and Wardship of 
he hold land of another by knight service, we shall not have lands bj 

the wardship of the heir, nor of his land, which is of the fee <^^*r" 

sei' T ices. 

of another, by reason of that fee-farm or socage or burgage ; 
nor shall we have the custody of such fee-farm or socage or 
burgage, unless the same fee-farm owe knight service. We shall 
not have the wardship of any heir, or of any land which 
he holds of another by knight service, by reason of any petty 
serjeanty which he holds of us by the service of rendering to 
OS knives or arrows or such like. 


Null' balliuus ponat de cePo aliquem ad legem simplici 
loquela sine tastib3 fidelib3 ad h inductis. Null' liber fee 
capiat' ut inp^ionet' ut diaseisiat' aut uUaget' ant ezulet' 
aut aliq^ alio m^ destruat'. Nee sap eu ibim' n* sup eu 
mittem' n* p legale iudiciu pariu suoj^ ut p legem f're. 
Nulli vendemus nulli negabim' aut differemus rectum aut 
iusticiam. Omnes iScatore^ n* publioe antea ^hibiti fueriiit 
habeant saluQ % securil ezire de HyBm^ % venire in Hybm 
« morari « ire p Hybm tarn p Pras q*m p aquas ad emend 
« vendend sine omnib3 malls toltis p antiq^ % rectas con- 
suetudines ^terq^m in tempe guerre. Et si sint de Fni 
cent* nos guerrina « si tales inueniant' in Pra nra in 
p'ncipio guerre attacbient' sine dampno coqx)]^ ut reini 
don^ sciat' a noB ut a capital! Justic iiro q^modo iScatores 
Pre nre t^^ntur q* ttlc inuenient' in Pi*a oont^ nos guerrina. 
Et si nri salui sint ibi alii salui sint in Pra Bra. Si quis 
tenu^it de aliqua escbaeta sicut de honore Walingford 
Notingham Bolon LancasPe uel aliis escbaetis q* sunt in 
manu iira « sunt bait)nie % obierit heres eius no det aliud 
releuiu nee faciat nob aliud fuiciu q^m faceret baroni, 
si Pra ilia esset in manu baronisj % nos eodem m^ ea 
tenebim' quo baro eam tenuit. Homines qui manent ext* 
forestam no veniant de cePo coram Justiciar iiris de 
foresta p cOmunes stlmonicones n* sint in placito ut ptgii 
alicui' vt aliquo]^ qui attachiati sint p foresta. Omnes 
homines q* fundauei^t Abbacias vnde habent cartas 
Begu Angt ut antiq^ tenuram habeant ea^ custodiam 
ca vacu^int sicut hre debent « sicut sup* declarata. 

ISO in MS. 


No bailiff shall henceforth put any man to law upon Witnemcs 
a simple statement, without trustworthy witnesses brought in 
for the same. 

No freeman shall be taken or imprisoned or disseised or No freeman 
outlawed or exiled, or in any otherwise destroyed; nor will we imprisoned, 
pass upon him nor send upon him but by the lawful judgment Jjf'*!^"* ?^ 
of his peers or by the law of the land. We will sell to no man, the land, 
we will deny to no man, or delay, right or justice. 

All merchants, unless they ^ ere before publicly prohibited. Freedom of 
shall hare safe and secure [conduct] to depart from Ireland, merchants, 
and come into Ireland, and to tarry in and go through Ireland, 
as well by land as by water, to buy and sell, without all the 
evil extortions, by the old and rightful customs, except in time of 
war. And if they be of a land in a state of war against us. Save in time 
and if such are found in our land in the beginning of the war, ^ ^*'^' 
they shall be attached without harm of bodies or goods, until 
it be known by us or our Chief Justiciar how the merchants 
of our land are treated, who then shall be found in the land 
in a state of war against us. And if ours be safe there, 
the others shall be safe in our land. 

If any hold of any escheat, as of the honor of Wallingford, Service of an 
Nottingham, Boulogne, Lancaster, or any other escheats which of *^^^^ 
are in our hand, and are baronies, and die, his heir shall not 
give any other relief nor render to us other service than he 
should do to the Baron if that land were in the hand of the 
Baron ; and we in the same way will hold it as the Baron 
held it. 

Men that dwell out of the forest from henceforth shall not Forest 
come before our justices of the Forest by common summons, 
unless they be impleaded or be sureties for some person or 
persons who were attached for the forest. 

All men who have founded abbeys, for which they have Custody of 
charters of the Kings of England or ancient tenure, shall have ^*^*^ * ^^' 
the custody of them when they become vskcant, as they ought 
to have, and as is above declared. 


Oranes foreste que afibrestaie sunt tempe J: Regis pat^s mi 
statim deafibrestenf^ % Ita fiat de ripariis que p eumdem J. 
tempore suo posite sunt in defense. !Nullus capiaf^ ut 
imp^sonet' pp appellu femine de morte alPius q*m viri 
sui. Omnes aute istas ccysuetudines ^dcas « libertates quas 
concessim^ in regno iiro tenendas q^tu ad nos ptinet erga 
nroB, omnes de regno nostro tarn clerici q*m laici conseruGt 
q^ttl ad se ptinet erga sues. Quia vero quedam capitla in 
p*ori carta coniinebanf que grauia % dubitabilia uidebant^ 
scil3 de scutagiis % auxiliis assidendis, De debitis Judec^ « 
aliof % de libertate exeundi de regno iiro % redeundi in regnu 
nrm, De forestis « forestariis^ De Warenis « Warenariis, 
de oonsuetudinib3 comitatuQ, Et de Ripariis % ea^ custodib3 
placuit sup* dcis ^latis % magnatib3 ea esse in respectu q^usq^ 
plenius consilium habuerim^ « tiic faciemus plenissime tarn 
de hiis q*m de aliis que occurrerint emendenda id qd ad 
comune omnitl vtilitatem ptinu^it * pacem * statu iinn * 
regni nri. Quia vero sigillum nondu habuimus ^sentem 
cartnm sigillis venerabilis pat's nri dni Guale ft sci Martini 
^sbiPi Cai-dinat apostolice sedis legati, Et Wilti Marescalli 
Comitis Fembrok Rectoris iiri % regni nri fecim^ sigillari. 
Testibj oniibj ^nolatis % aliis multis. Datu p man^ ^dco)^ 
dni legati % Wilti Marscalli apud Bristol! duodecimo die 
^ouembr regni nri Anno p*mo. 


All forests which were afforested in the time of King John, Disafforesta- 
our father, shall be immediately disafforested ; and so let it be '^°' 
done in the case of rivers which were placed in defence by the Rivera, 
said John in hu time. 

No one shall be taken or imprisoned on account of the Appeal for 


appeal of a woman for the death of any other than her 

And all those customs and liberties, afoi'esaid, which we 
have granted to be held in our kingdom, as far as to us apper- 
tains towards our men, everyone in our realm, as well clergy 
as laymen, shall observe, as far as appertains to them, towards 
their men. 

Inasmuch, however, as certain chapters were contained in poatpone- 

the former charter which seemed grievous and doubtful, that ^^^\ ^^ 

^ ^ certain 

is to say, about assessing scutages and aids, as to debts of artioles. 

Jews and others, and liberty of leaving our kingdom and 

returning to our kingdom, as to foi'ests and foresters, warrens 

and warreners, about customs of counties, and rivers and 

their keepers, it seemed good to the aforesaid prelates and 

magnates that these should be held over until we should have 

had fuller counsel, and then we shall, in the fullest manner, 

as well with regard to these things as to others which happen 

to require amendment, do what pertains to the common 

utility of all and the peace and good estate of us and our 


And because we have not yet a seal, we have caused this 
present charter to be sealed with the seals of our venerable 
father, the lord Gualo, cardinal priest by the title of St. 
Martin, legate of the Apostolic See, and of William Marescal, 
earl of Pembroke, governor of us and of our kingdom. 
Witness all the aforesaid and many others. 

Given by the hands of the aforesaid Lord Legate and 
William Marescal, at Bristol, the twelfth day of November, 
in the first year of our reign. 



6 HENRY III. A.D. 1222. 
[Close Roll (Engl.) 6 Henry ITL m, lOy 

Pleaaof IRELAND.} The King to the said Archbishop [Henry 

Ireland as In '- de Loundres, Archbishop of Dublin], greeting. We have 

England. heen given to understand that pleas which are moved in Ireland 

by writ of making of bounds are dealt with otherwise than iti 

our kingdom of England, insomuch that they against whom 

snch writs are obtained in Ireland sometimes, as is said, lose 

seisin of their lands by the sole verdict of those by whom the 

bounds are made, as if they were perambulators, no defence 

which they offer helping them, which is manifestly contrary 

to the custom of our realm of England, because he against 

whom a writ of bounds is obtained in England may have the 

defence of the duel and otherwise, as if a plea had been moved 

against him by writ of right. Wherefore we command you 

that henceforth you cause pleas of bounds in Ireland to be 

held and dealt with as they are wont to be held and dealt 

with in our kingdom of England, as you well know that the 

countries are ^*^® ^^ ^^^ ^*^^ ^^ Ireland and of England are and ought to 

and ought to ^e the ^me. Witness H[ubertl de Burgo, our Justiciar, at 
be the same. , i 

Westminster, the 17th day of May, in the 6th year of our reign. 

6 HENRY III. A.D. 1222. 
[Patent Roll (Engl.). 6 Henrt III, m. 2].« 

Limitation of TRELAND} : The King to the Archbishop of Dublin and 
cToLeffor as ^ Justiciar of Ireland, greeting. At the petition of 

in England, y^^ gjj^ ^f q^j magnates of Ireland, we have granted and we 
will that a change of the limit which is usually written in writs 
of mart cPcmceBtor be henceforth made in Ireland, as is appointed 
in England, that is to say, that in place of this clause " afcer 
the first coronation of King Henry our giundfather" it be 
written thus, ** after the first coronation of King Richard our 
uncle." And therefore we command you that henceforth you 

1 The text is printed in Jtot. Lit, Claw, in turri Lond., 1204-1224, p. 497. 
s The text is printed in FaUrU RoUt 1216—1225 CP.R.O. Beriee), p. 886. 

X. & XI. HENftY m. 2l 

cause Bucli writs to be made in this form, saving however the 
process of the recognitions and pleas which have been moved 
under the first form. And this we notify to the archbishops, 
bishops, abbots, priors, earls, barons, knights, free tenants, and 
all i>ersons of our realm of Ireland. 

In witness whereof we send you these our letters patent ; 
witness H[ubert] <fec. at the Tower of London, the 18th day of 
July in the sixth year of our reigu ; by the same. 

10 HEKRY III. A.D. 1226. 
[Patent Roll (Ekgl.) 10 Henry III., m. 4.]^ 

IRELAND}. The King to his beloved and faithful xawb and 
G[eoffrey] de Marisco, Justiciar of Ireland, greeting. ^^^^ 
We command you that you keep and cause to be kept the be kept in 
laws and customs of our land of England in our land of 
Ireland, as the lord King Jolm our father enjoined them 
to be kept when he was last in that land. In witness 
whereof, &c. Witness myself at Windsor, the 29th day 
of June. 

11 HENRY in, A,D., 1226. 

Statute of Ibeland — Op Lands Given in Peee 

1X7 HEN anyone shall have taken land in marriage with Who shall be 

* ^ a wife, if he have begotten of his said wife an heir, ^^^^urt^y. 

be it son or daughter, who shall be heard to cry within 

four walls, if the said husband survive his wife, whether the 

heir live or not, that [land in] mamage shall remain [to 

him] for life, and after his death shall revert to the 

donor or to his heir. But if he have no heir by his wife, 

1 The text la printed in Patent EoUs 1225-1232 (P.R.O. Beries) p. 48. 

s Entitled " Statutum de Hibernia de terra data in liberum naari- 
ta^um," in HarUian MS, (Brit. Mus.), No, 1807, fo. 248. The text taken 
from MS. Lan»d., 480, fo. 188 b., which is entitled "Statutum de 
tenentibuB per legem Anglie/' is printed in Statutes of the Realm, I. 220, 
among those of uncertain date. By a writ enrolled in Pat, Pot, 
(Engl.) 11 Henry III. (see Patent RoUs 1225-1282, P.R.O. Beries, p. 96), 
tbi> law and custom were to be of force in Ireland. See also Black- 
ston^i Com,, Book II., ch. 8. 



then after the death of the wife, it shall reverfc to the donor 
or to his heir. And this is the cause wherefore [for land 
given] in marriage, homage is not wont to be r^oeived ; for 
if any land were so given in marriage, or otherwise that 
homage were received, then it might never lawfully revert 
to the donor or his heirs as is aforesaid. And the same 
judgment shall be of the second husband as is said of the 
first, whether there be left any heir of the first or not. 

12 HENRY III. A.D. 1227. 

[Cotton MS. Julius D. IT., 
/. 143 6. British Museum.] 

Hdi gra Rex anglie, 
. Dns hiBnie dux 
Nermann et Aq*etanie 
Comes Andeg, Archiepcis, 
Epcis, Abbatib3, Comitib3, 
Baronib3, Militib3, li^ ^^' 
entib3, * omib3 Ballivis * 
fideUb3 suis toti^ hibnie 
Salute. Qm volum^ scdm 
qsuetudine regni iiri Anglie 
singulis qqrentib3 de injuria 
in regno iiro HiBnie Justiciam 
exhibi; for»m bviQ de cursu 
quib3 id fi solet fisenti sc^pto 
duxim^ inserend % ad vos 
t*nsmittend ut p ea que ad 
casus certos % nominates in 
sc*pto isto Justicia inf vos 
p bre * sigillu Justic nri 
HiBnie teneat^ Teste me 
ifk) apud Cant Decimo die 
Novembria Anno r nri xij,° *c. 

H[ENRY] by the grace 
of God, King of 
England, lord of Ireland, duke 
of Normandy and Aquitaine, 
count of Anjou, to the arch- 
bishops, bishops, abbots, earls, 
barons, knights, free tenants 
and all his bailiffs and faith- 
ful people of all Ireland, 
greeting. Whereas we will 
that justice should be ex- 
hibited to those who complain 
of injury in our realm of 
Ireland, according to the 
custom of our realm of 
England, we have thought fit 
that the form of writs of 
course by which that is wont 
to be done should be inserted 
in this present writing and 
transmitted to you, so that by 
those which [apply] to the 
particular cases, and are 
named in this writing, justice, 
by writ and seal of our 
Justiciar of Ireland, may be 
maintained among you. Wit- 
ness myself at Canterbury, 
the tenth day of November in 
the twelfth year of our reign. 
Here follows a Schedule of the Writs.^ 

« For a detailed notice of them, see History of the Register of 
Original Writs, by Professor F. W. Maitland. (Harvard Law Review, 
Oct, 1889, Vol. III., No. 8). 


12 HENRY III. A.D. 1228. 


[Close Roll (Engl.) 12 Henry III, m, 8.] 
E legib3 « cOsuetud 

observandis i Hibn.} 
Bx eide Ric. Mandam'' vob 
ni? gcipi^tes q*tin^ 8to die * 
30 faciatis venire cora vob 
cMepos, epos, abbes, p^ores, 
mites « barones, milites % 
>e tenetes % ballios single^ 
mitatuu « cora eis publice 
gi faciatis carta dni J. R pris 
i cui sigillu suii appensti est, 
la fi fee "^ jurari a magna- 
b3 Hibii de legib3 « qsuetu- 
nib3 Angt obSvand i Hibn. 
t pcipiatis eis ex pte iira qd 
tges illas % qsuetudies in 
irta pdca qtentas dece%o 
mi? teneat % obJvet, % hoc 
le p singlos comitat^ Hibn 
lamari faciatis * tefii,phibetes 
'miP ex pte nra t sup 
)risfcara nram ne quis cot* 
oc mandatu iirin venire 
sumat, eo exoepto, qd n* de 
lorte n® de catallis HibnensiU 
ccisoj nicb statuat*" ex pte 

OF laws and customs to be 
observed in Ireland.} 
The King to the said Richard 
[de Burgh, Justiciar of Ire- 
land]. We command you, 
firmly enjoining that on a 
certain day and at a certain 
place you cause to come 
before you the archbishops, 
bishops, abbots, priors, earls, 
and barons, knights, and free 
tenants and bailiffs of the 
several counties, and before 
them cause to be publicly 
read the charter of the lord 
King John our father, to 
which his seal was appended, 
which he caused to be made 
and to be sworn to by the 
magnates of Ireland, concern- 
ing the observance of the laws 
and customs of England in 
Ireland ; and enjoin them on 
our behalf that those laws and 
customs in the said charter 
contained they henceforth 
firmly keep and observe, and 
cause this [ordinance] to be 
proclaimed and kept through- 
out the several counties of 
Ireland, firmly forbidding on 
our behalf and upon forfei- 
ture to us, that anyone should 
presume to contravene this 

King John's 
Charter as to 
obaervanoe of 
English laws 
and customs 
in Ireland to 
be observed. 

of this 



Respite to 
as to death 
and chattels 
of Irishmen 

nra cit* q^ndedm dies a die 
Sci Micfe anno r n xij®, sup 
quo respectu dedim^ magna- 
tib3 nris HiBn uscjj^ Pminu 
Pdcm. T. ut sup*. 

[».«., 'T. me ipo apd Westm. 
viij. die Maii, anno xij®.'] 

our mandate, excepting that 
of the death or of the chattels 
of Irishmen slain, nothing be 
decided on our behalf before 
the quinzaine of Michaelmas 
in the twelfth year of our 
reign, upon which point we 
have given respite to our 
magnates of Ireland until the 
said term. Witness as above 
[i.e, witness myself at West- 
minster the 8th day of May, 
in the twelfth year]. 

18 HENRY ni. A.D. 1233. 

[Patent Roll (Enql.) 
TTIBN. de placitis laici 
-*--*- feodi « advoc ecctiaj^. } 
Rex com, ba?, militib3 * libis 
hoib3 * oi^3 aliis de Pra 
HiBnie, salt. Q'a manifesto 
ee dinoscit^ q» corona % 
dignitate iiram « cosuetud % 
leges regni iiri Angt quas 
bone memorie dns J. rex pr 
nr de coi diij de HiBn cdsensu 
Teneri statuit in Pra ilia qd 
placita teneanf i cur Xpianit 
de advoooib3 ecchaji « capplla^ 
vel de laico feodo vel de 
catati q no sut de test vt 

18 Henry III. m. 17.] 
"TRELAND— Of pleas of 
-■- lay fee and advowsons 
of churches. The King to 
the earls, barons, knighti, 
and free men and all others 
of the land of Ireland, greet- 
ing. Whereas it is clearly 
discerned to be contrary to 
our crown and dignity and 
the customs and laws of our 
realm of England, which the 
lord King John our father, of 
happy memory, with the com- 
mon consent of all men of 
Ireland, ordained to be kept 
in that land, that pleas should 
be held in a court Christian 
concerning advowsons of 
churches and chapels or of lay 
fee or of chattels, v/hich are 



mat^monio; vob mandam^ phi- 
bentes qHinus iL^i pt i cur 
Xpian nullateu^ Seq* ^sumatis 
1 manifefltu dignitatis % corone 
nre ^judiciu Scit^i p fto qd si 
f e&tis dedim^ i mandatis justic 
nro Hibn statuta cur nri i 
Angt q» t^ns^ores h^ mand 
nri cii justicia pcedat % qd 
nrm est exeqH^ In c^ «c, 
T. ut 8^. [».«., T. 5L Ap Win- 
checuB, xxviij. die Oct a. r. 
n. xviij®.] 

Et mand est arcfe epis 
abBtib3 priorib3 archid decanis 
% oib3 ^latis % psonis ecctias- 
ticis qd h^i pt i cur Xj^ianit 
tefie n5 ^sumat. 

Et mand est justic HiBn 
p liPas ct qd ^dcas liPas pat 
publico legi « tefii fac. 

not connected with testamen- Pleas of laj 
tary or matrimonial matters, advowson of 
we forbidding that you should ^^^"/J^ 
presume in anywise to sue in a court 
such plea in a court Christian, "" **°* 
to the manifest prejudice 
of our dignity and crown, 
command you that it be pro- 
claimed for certain, that if you 
do so, we have given it in 
command to our Justiciar of 
Ireland [that according to] the 
statutes of our court in Eng- 
land he should justly proceed 
against transgressors of this 
our mandate and execute what 
belongs to us. In witness, 
Ac., witness as above [».«., 
witness the King at Winch- 
combe the 28th day of October, 
in the 18th year of our reign]. 

And it was commanded to 
the archbishops, bishops, 
abbots, priors, archdeacons, 
deans, and all prelates and 
ecclesiastical persons that they 
presume not to hold such pleas 
in a court Christian. 

And it was commanded to 
the Justiciar of Ireland by 
letters close that he' cause 
the said letters pateni to be 
publicly read and kepi 


19 HENRY III. A.D. 1234. 

[Close Roll (Engl.) 19 Henrt III. m. 23 d.] 
^ TTYBN. de diviflis fac 

Z xl 

The Writ as UJ *^^''- "** aivioia mc i 
to making of XX HyBn.} Rex eide 
boundi to run . . ,- ^^ . 

in Ireland as JUBtic salt. Quia datu est 
in England. ^^^^ j^yj.^ ^^ justicia quo 

ad divisas faciendas in? Pras 
di^saj^ viUaJ^ in Pra iira HiBii 
nimis progat' « dapnQ ex eo 
sepi^ qtingit eo qd Bre nrm 
de divisifl faciendis no currit 
in ptib3 ^dcis, voB mandam' 
qd ore illud de cePo ibide 
currere faciatin in forma qua 
currit in Pra nra Angt. Ut 
nut de forma ipius bris pleni^ 
ftioremini ifiam liiPis nris pat 
duxim^ inserenda % vob trans- 

Dns rex mittit ei forma 
litP«^ de divis faciendis «c. 

[Bracketed with other 
entries under the following 
date :— *T. R. ap Scm Alban 
xxvij die Nov.'] 

IRELAND. Of the mak- 
ing of bounds in Ireland. } 

The King to the said 
Justiciar [Maurice FitzGerald, 
Justiciar of Ireland] greeting. 
Whereas we have been gircn 
to understand that as regards 
the making of bounds between 
the lands of divers vills in our 
land of Ireland, justice is too 
much delayed and injury often 
happens from this cause, that 
our writ of the making of 
bounds does not run in the 
parts aforesaid, we command 
you that you cause that writ 
to run therein henceforth in 
the form in which it runs in 
our land of England. In 
order however that you may 
be more full}' informed of the 
form of the said writ, we have 
thought fit to insert it in our 
letters patent and to transmit 
it to you. 

The lord the King also 
sends to him the form of 
lettei*8 concerning the making 
of bounds, <l£C. 

[Witness the King at 8t. 
Albans the 27th day of 


20 HENRY III. A.D. 1236. 

The Pboyisioks op Merton.^ 

It was provided in the court of our lord the King, holden at Morton on 
Wednesday the morrow of the feast of St. Vincent, the 20th year of 
the reign of King Henry the son of King John, before [Edmund] Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury, and [his bishops suffragan] and before the greater 
part of the Earls and Barons of England being tiiere assembled for the 
coronation of the said King and Alianor the Queen, for which they 
all were called ; when it had been treated for the commonweal of the 
realm, upon the articles underwritten, it was thus provided and granted 
as well by the aforesaid Archbishop, Bishops, Earls and Barons, as by the 
King himself and others. 

I. First, of widows who after the death of their husbands are deforced Damages to 
of their dowers, and cannot have their dowers or quarentine without i^iciow on writ 
plea, whosoever deforce them of their dowers or quarentine of the lands, ^f Oower. 
whereof their husbands died seised, and that the said widows after shall 

recover by plea, they that are convicted of such wrongful deforcement 
shall yield damages to the said widows ; that is to say, the value of the 
whole dower to them belonging, from the time of the death of their 
husbands unto the day that the said widows, by judgment of court, have 
recovered seisin thereof ; and the deforcers nevertheless shall be amerced 
at the King's pleasure. 

II. Also, from henceforth all widows may bequeath the com of their Widows may 
ground, as well of their dowers as of other their lands and tenements, bequeath 
saving to the lords [of the fee] the services which are due for their com of thejr 
dowers and other tenements. lands. 

III. Also, if any be disseised of their freehold, and before the Justices » '. , 
in Eyre have recovered seisin by assise of novel disseisin, or by confession '^^^"T **"* 
of them who did the disseisin, and the disseisee has had his seisin by the P"°"J™? . 
sheriff; if the said disseisors afterwards after the eyre of the Justices, m Kedisseisin. 
have disseised the same plaintiff again of the same freehold, and thereof 

are convicted, they shall be forthwitii taken and kept in the King's prison 
until they shall be discharged by the lord the King, by fine or by some 
other means. And this is the form how such convicted persons ought 
to be punished, that is to say, when the plaintiffs come to court they 
shall have the lord the King's writ directed to the sheriff, in which 
shall be contained the narration of disseisin done upon disseisin : and 
so it shall be commanded to the sheriff, that he, taking with him the 
keepers of the pleas of the crown, and other lawful knights, in his proper 
person shall go to that tenement or pasture, whereof the plaint has been 
made, and before liiem, by the first jurors and other neighbours and 
lawful men, shall make diligent inquisition thereof ; and if he find him 
disseised again, as is aforesaid, tiien let him do according to the 
provision aforementioned ; but if not, then the plaintiff shall be amerced 
[by the King] and the other go quit ; neither ought the sheriff to 
prosecute such plaint without special precept of the lord the King. In 
the same manner it shall be done to them who shall have recovered 
seisin by assise of mart cTancestor; and so shall it be of all lands and 
tenements recovered in the King's Court by inquests, if afterwards they 
be disseised by the first deforcers, against whom they have recovered in 
anywise by inquest. 

* Text taken from Ma (Brit. Mas.) Cott Olacd, D., n., fo. 142, is printed io 
StatuUt of the Realm, L p. 1. 



Common of IV. Also, inasmuch as many great men of England, who have enfeoffed 

pasture by knights and their freeholders of small tenements in their great manors, 
freeholders have complained that they cannot make their profit of the residue of 
within great their manors, as of wastes, woods, and pastures, while the same feoffees 
manors. have sufficient pasture, as much as belongs to their tenements ; it is 

thus provided and granted, that what persons so enfeoffed bring aesise 
of noTel disseisin for their common of pasture, and it is recognized before 
the justices, that they have as much pasture as suffices for their tene- 
ments, and that they have free ingress and egreas from their tenements 
unto Uieir pasture, then let them be contented therewith ; and they of 
whom they had complained shall go quit of that which they have made 
their pront of the lands, wastes, woods, and pastures ; and if they 
allege that they have not sufficient pasture, or sufficient ingress and 
egress as appertains to their tenements, then let the truth be inquired by 
assise ; and if it be recognized by the assise, that their ingress or egress 
were in any way hindered by the same [deforcers] or that they had not 
sufficient pasture and sufficient ingress and egress, as is aforesaid, then 
shall they recover their seisin by view of the jurors : so that by their dis- 
cretion and oath, the plaintiffs shall have sufficient pasture, and sufficient 
ingress and egress in form aforesaid ; and the disseisors shall be ameroed 
by the King, and shall yield damages, as they ought to have rendered 
before this provision. And if it be recognized by the assise, that the 
plaintiffs have sufficient pasture with free and sufficient ingress and 
egress as'is aforesaid, then the others may make their profit lawfully of 
the residue, and go quit of that assise. 

y. Likewise, it is provided and granted by the lord the King, that 
from henceforth usuries shall not run against any under age, from the 
time of the death of his ancestor, whose heir he is, unto his lawful age ; 
so nevertheless, that payment of the principal debt, together with the 
usury before the death of his ancestor, whose heir he is, remain not 
[unpaid] by reason of this. 

VI. Of heirs abducted or detained by force [or married*] by their kin- 
dred, or by others, it is thus provided : that whatsoever layman be con- 
victed of this, that he has so detained, abducted, or married any child, 
he shall yield to the loser the value of the marriage ; and for the offence 
his body shall be taken and imprisoned until he have recompensed the 
loser, if the child be married ; and further, until he have satisfied the lord 
the King for the trespass ; and this shall be done of an heir under the 
age of fourteen years. And touching an heir being fourteen years old or 
above, unto full age, if he marry without licence of his Lord to 
defraud him of the marriage, and his Lord offer him reasonable marriage, 
without disparagement, then his Lord may hold his land beyond the term of 
his age, that is to say, of one and twenty years, for such time as he may re- 
ceive thereout double the valueof the marriage according to the estimate of 
lawful men, or according to what had been offered him before for the said 
marriage without fraud and collusion, and according to what maybe proved 
and disparage* in the King*s Court. And as touching Lords, who have married those 
ment of a that they have in ward to villeins, or others, as burgesses, where they be 
Ward in disparaged, if any such heir be under the age of fourteen years, and of 

marriage. sucn age that he cannot consent, then, if his kindred complain, the Lord 

shall lose the wardship, up to the legal age of the heir ; and all the 
profit that thereof shall have been ttiken, shall be converted to the use 
of the heir being under age, according to the disposition and provision of 
his kindred, for the disgrace done to him ; but if he be fourteen years 
and above, so that he might consent, and shall have consented to such 
marriage, no penalty shall follow. 

Usury shall 
not run 

Penalties for 
&c, of a Ward; 
forfeiture of 

Several M8S. insert '* aeu maritatls " here. 


VII. If an heir, of what age soever he be, will not marry at the request In what case 
of his Lord, he shall not be compelled thereunto ; but when he shall a Ward shall 
have come to full age, he shall give to his Lord, and pay him as much as pay to his lord 
any would have given him for the marriage, before he receive his land ; the value of 
and that whether he will marry himself, or not ; for the marriage of him his marriage, 
who is under age of mere right appertains to the Lord of the fee. 

VIII. Touching the narration of descent in a writ of right from an Limitation of 
ancestor from the time of King Henry the elder, the year and day [on writs, 
which he died], it is provided, that from henceforth it be not made of -rc-^.-i. * ---ui, 
sa long time, but from the time of King Henry our grandfather ; and * ° "*> 
this provision shall take effect at Pentecost, the one and twentieth year 

[of our reign,] and not before, and the writs before purchased shall pro- Mort d'an- 
ceed ; writs of mort d'ancestoTj of natives, and of entry, shall not go cestor, &o. 
beyond the last return of King John [from Ireland] into England ; writs w^ygi 
of novel disseisin shall not go beyond the first voyage of our lord the ^g-gioin 
King that now is, into Qascony^ ; and this provision shall take effect 
from the time aforesaid, and writs purchased before shall proceed. 

IX. To the King's writ of bastardy, whether one born before One born 
wedlock may have his inheritance in like manner as he that is born after, before 

all the Bishops answered that they would not, and could not answer to it ; marriage of 
because it was against the common order of the Church. And all the purents a 
Bishops requested the Magnates to consent that such as were born before bastard, 
wedlock should be legitimate, as well as they that are born after wedlock, 
as to the succession of inheritance, forasmuch as the Church holds such as 
legitimate. And all the Earls and Barons with one voice answered, that 
they would not change the laws of England, which hitherto have been 
used and approved. 

X. It is provided and granted, that every freeman, who owes suit to Attornies in 
the County, Trything, Hundred, and Wapentake, or to the court of his several courtfl. 
Lord, may freely make his attorney to do those suits for him. 

XI. Concerning trespassers in parks and vivaries it was not decided ; Trespassers 
because the Lords demanded their own prison of such as they should take in parks, 
in their parks and vivaries, which the lord the King denied ; wherefore 

it was deferred. 

Close Roll (Engl.) 20 Hbn. III. mASd, 

The Constitutions made at Merton above enrolled, namely on the 8th 
day of February, were sealed with the seal of the lord the King [and] 
transmitted into Ireland to run in those parts and to be observed as in 
England, and of this mention is made in the writ directed to the Justiciar 
of Ireland within enrolled 

The King to his beloved and faithful M[aurice] FitzGerald, his 
Justiciar of Ireland, greeting. The bearer of these presents showed to us 
that whereas he lately in our Court before our justices for this purpose 
lately by you constituted in Ireland, recovered his seisin, against a certain 
man, of his free tenement, his said adversary afterwards again disseised him 
of the same tenement, and accordingly, we send you under our seal, the 

' Six other MS8. read " Brittany " here. 

* The particular case presented to the King by George DesafPuble on 
behalf of Luke. Archbishop of Dublin, and Maurice FitzGerald, Justiciar of 
Ireland, was one regarding persons bom before and alter wedlock. (See cap. IX.) 



Constitution lately in such case made before us and our magnates of 1 
land, and also other articles for the improvement of our realm, commanding 
that with the advice of the venerable father L[uke] archbishop of DubUn, 
you cause that Constitution to be read and from henceforth strictlj 
observed in our Court in Ireland, and that you cause full justice to be 
administered to the said complainant according to the same. 
Witness the King as above [i.e. at Mortlake, 9th May].'^ 

of the law of 
England as 
to lands 
descending to 

The King's 

Lands held of 

The eldest 
shall not have 
homage of the 

20 HENRY IIL, A.D. 1^36. 
Thi Statutb of Ireland. 


HENRY, by the grace of Qod, King of England, A:c. To his beloved 
and trusty M[aurice] FitzQerald, his Justiciar of Ireland, greeting. 

Whereas certain Knights from your parts of Ireland lately coming to 
us, have informed us that when an inheritance devolves on sisters in our 
kingdom of Ireland, our justices in eyre in those parts are in doubt 
whether younger sisters ought to hold of the eldest sister, and do homage 
unto her for their portions, or of the chief lord and do homage unto 
him ; and forasmuch as the said Knights have requested that it be 
certified by us how it has been used heretofore in our kingdom 
of England in like case ; at their instance, We make known to you 
that in our kingdom of England the law and custom in such case 
always was, that if any hold of us in chief and have daughters as 
heirs, on the death of the father our ancestors and We have always had 
homage of all the daughters, and each of them in this case holds of us in 
chief, and if they were under age We have had the ward and marriage 
of them. But if he hold of any other than of us, and the sisters be 
under age, the lord shall have the ward and marriage of them all, 
and the eldest only shall do homage to the lord for all the sisters, and 
when the other sisters come to age they shall do services to the lords 
of the fee by the hands of the eldest, nor can the eldest by this occasion 
seek from her younger sisters homage or ward or any other mark of sub- 
jection, and for this reason ; that whereas all are sisters, as one heir of 
one inheritance, if the eldest should have homage of the other sisters 
and wardship, then the same inheritance would be divided, so that the 
eldest sister would become altogether and at once seignoress and heir of 
the one inheritance, that is to say, heir of her own part and seignoress of 
her sisters, which in this case could not happen, inasmuch as the eldest 
can demand no more than the youngest, save the chief messuage, by 
reason of esnecy ; and moreover since the eldest is heir of <«11 the other 
sisters if they should die without an heir of their own, if she could have 
the wardship of her sisters or their children, this would be (as it were) to 
commit the lamb to the wolf to be devoured. And theretore we command 
you that the aforesaid customs in this behalf, which we hold in our 
realm of England according to what is aforesaid, you cause to be pro- 
claimed and strictly observed in our realm of Ireland. Witness the King 
at Nottingham, the 80th day of August. 

* The Provisions of Merton were re-enacted for Ireland by Statute in a 
parliament held in Dublin, 13 Edward n., cap. 2. 

'Text taken from Close BoU (Eng.) £0 Hen. IIL m. id., is prlnlnd Iv 
Statutet of the BMlm, I. p. 6. 



21 HENRY III. A.D. 1236. 
[Patent Roll (Engu) 21 Henrt III. m. 10.] 

DBpvisione novo)^ bfiuin. } 
Rex archiepis, epis, 
abBtib5, priorib3, oomb3 bar, 
militib3 « omib3 liBe tenentibj 
in HiBnia constitutis salt. 
Sciatis qd in ^sencia veii 
pris E. Cant archiepi Epo^ 
abbm comitu % bar de regno 
Angt « de coi qsilio eorumdS 
magnatu nap pvisu fuit qd 
queda bria nra de cursu 
mutent' in artictis Bubs(^ptis^ 
vid in narracone descens' ab 
ancessorib3 in bri de recto q 
p^iui f i solet a tempo H. regis 
senis anno « die quo obiit; 
pvisu est qd decePo nd fiat 
compute a tarn longinq® tempo, 
set a tempo regis, H. avi nri. 
Bria mortis aiicess % bria de 
nativis quo^ Pmin^ prins fuit 
p^ p^mam cor R. reg avncti 
nri ; decePo n5 excedat ultimu 
reditu dni J. regis pris nri de 
Hybn in Angt. Bria vero 

OF the provision of new Limitation of 
Writs. The Kingto^S^i" 
the archbishops, bishops, 
abbots, priors, earls, barous, 
knights, and all fi'ee tenants 
in Ireland, greeting. Know 
ye that in the presence of the 
venerable father E[dmand] 
archbishop of Canterbury, the 
bishops, abbots, earls, and 
barons of our realm of Eng- 
land, and with the common 
counsel of the said magnates, 
it was lately provided that 
certain of our writs of course 
should be changed in the 
points underwritten, that is 
to say, in the narration of 
descent from ancestors in the 
writ of right, which formerly 
was wont to be made from 
the time of King Henry the 
elder, the year and day on 
which he died, it is provided 
that henceforth the reckoning 
shall not be made from so 
distant a time, but from the 
time of King Henry our 
grandfather ; writs of mort ^^rt 
(Tanceitor jind writs of *"^^ ^* 
viUeinSj whereof the limit 
was formerly after the first 
coronation of King Richard 
our uncle, shall henceforth 
not go beyond the last return 
of the lord King John, our 
father, from Ireland into Novel 
England ; and writs of novel dioeeiflin. 



novo disseiAine qu(^ Pmin^ 
p^u8 fuit p^ p^ma oor nram ap 
Westm; decefo no ezcedat 
t^nsfretacomnram in Britannia 
q fuit p^mo die Maii, anno r 
n xiiij**, « fiat sic Pmin^ p^ 
t^nsfretacom nram in Britann. 
Sic ante intlligenda ent pvisio 
^dca ; qd qstico ista locu fiat 
« vigorem ad Pentecosten ft r 
n xxj® % n5 anteii « bria p^us 
impetHa sub Pminis p^oribj 
^cedat. Qm igit' v^olum^ qd 
eed leges « qsuetudles q 
oblvant*^ in regno nro Angt 
teneant' in HyBn mandavim^ 
justic nro HyBnie qd ^visione 
^dcam p tota batiia sua clumari 
« firmi^ in HiBn teneri fac, 
« hoc YoB significam^ ut de 
pvisione ^dca yoe A;ificem^, « 
q^tu in YoB est ea teneatis. 
T. 9: ap Westm, ut s». [i.e., 
*T. 1^ Ap Westm, xx. die 


di$$eisinf whereof the limit 
was formerly after our first 
coronation at Westminster, 
shall henceforth not go beyond 
our crossing into Brittany 
which was on the first day 
of May, in the fourteenth 
year of our reign, and the 
limit shall be made thus, after 
our crossing into Brittany. 
The said proYision however 
is to l)e so understood that 
this ordinance shall have 
place and force at Pentecost 
in the twenty-first year of 
our reign and not before, and 
writs purchased previously 
under the former limits shall 
proceed ; Since therefore we 
will that the same laws and 
customs which are observed 
in our realm of England, be 
kept in Ireland, we have 
commanded our Justiciar of 
Ireland that he cause the 
said provision to be pro- 
claimed throughout the whole 
of his jurisdiction and to be 
strictly kept in Ireland, and 
this we notify to you that we 
may certify you of the said 
provision, and as far as in you 
lies, you may keep the same. 

Witness the King at West- 
minster as above [i.e, witness 
the King at Westminster the 
twentieth day of March]. 



21 HENRY in. A.D. 1237. 

[Closb Roll (Enol.) 

HIBN. de Natis an 
mrimoniu.} Rex justic 
8U0 Hibn salt. Significam' 
voB sic alias significavim' qd 
si nat^ an ninmoniu cui 
movet' questio cognoscat se 
ee natii an mrimoiuiu ; n* 
petere potest heditate n* 
petita retifie sodm co^uetudine 
Angty n* tat si dicat se nntu 
ee post no est miitendus ad 
cur XfSianitatis eo qd cler 
tale ht p legitiroo. Et lo 
YoB mandamus q^tin^ scdm qd 
^dcm est i ptibj vris id fi 
faciatis. T. ut s». [viz., 'T. 
9: ap Noting, vj. die Oct.] 

21 Hbnbt III. m. 2.] 

IRELAND: Of those bom of those bom 
before wedlock.} The ^J^^^ 
King to his Justiciar of 
Ireland [Maurice FitzGerald], 
greeting. We notify to you, 
as on another occasion we 
haye notified, that if one bom 
before wedlock, regarding 
whom question arises, acknow- 
ledge that he was bom before 
wedlock, he cannot according 
to the custom of England, 
either sue for an inheritance 
or retain it when recovered, 
nor if svLoti peraon say he 
was lK>m after wedlock, is 
he to be sent to a court 
Christian, because the clergy 
hold such as legitimate. And 
therefore we command you 
that you cause it to be done 
in your parts according to 
what is aforesaid. Witness as 
above [i.e. witness the King, 
at Nottingham the 6th day of 


21 HENRY III. A.D, 1237. 

Writ of 

[Closk Roll (Engl.) 

XTIBN. de Bri de divisis.} 
-*— *- Mand eat justic Hifeii 
qd si Bre "^ de ronaB divisis 
faciendis fuit i usu i Hibn anq^ 
Rics Duket « Sim de HaH 
q^a Rex illuc misit ad itifiand 
ad ptes illas venisset « si p 
i{k)s sn coi assensu magnatu 
HiBii fuit abrogatum "^ ne 
cursale eet phibitu ; tiic p poS 
cosiliu « assensu eoj^d magnatu 
^dcm hre fac i usii revocari 
« p illud placitari eod m^ quo 
fi cosuevit anq* ipi Ric «» Sim 
i HiBn venissit p j^cept '^, 
T. ut s». [viz., «T. 9:. ap 
Noting, vj. die Oct.'] 

21 HB2JRT III., TO. 2.] 

IRE1.AND : Of the Writ 
. of Bounds.} The Jus- 
ticiar of Ireland [Maurice 
FitzGeraldJ is commanded 
that if the King's writ con- 
cerning the making of reason- 
able bounds were in use in 
Ireland before Richard Duket 
and Simon de Hall, whom the 
King sent thither [as justices] 
in eyre, had come to those 
parts, and if it were abrogated 
by them and forbidden to run 
without the common assent 
of the magnates of Ireland, 
then by the common counsel 
and assent of the said mag- 
nates he sliould cause the writ 
aforesaid to be recalled into 
use, and pleas to be pleaded 
by it in the same manner in 
which it was accustomed to be 
done, before the said Richard 
and Simon had come into 
Ireland by the King's com- 
mand. Witness as above 
[f.e. Witness the King at 
Nottingham the sixth day of 

22 HENRY III. A.D. 1238. 


[CuMB Roll (Engl.) 22 

HYBN. Bre de Bastardo. 
1^ justic HyBn salt. 
Sciatis q h est qsaetudo nsitata 
in regno nro Angt q*ndo 
bastardus aliq^s morit' sine 
hei-ede de se ; Pra q* teniiit 
debet refti ad illu de q^" 
bastard' ille tenuit Pram ilia 
I capite « ut sciatis forma 
brevis nri in casu illo ; mittim' 
voB forma ilia litPis mis 
inclusa, voft madates q*tin' 
hre illud usitari faciatis i tali 
casu in fra nra IlyBn, jux* 
forma ilia pvidetes RoBto de 
Hjda, « uxori sue justicie 
plenitudine exhiBi. T. 1^ ap 
Theok, V. die Ap*t, anno xxij*». 

Henry III. m. 16 d.] 

IRELAND : Writ as to a BMturd 
Bastard.} The King dying witti- 
to his Justiciar of Ireland ^'^^ "^ *'•^• 
[Maurice FitzGerald], greet- 
ing. Know ye that this is 
the custom used in our realm 
of England, when a bastard 
dies without heir i)f his body, 
the land which he held ought 
to revert to him of whom the 
bastard held that land in chief, 
and that you may know the 
form of our writ in that case, 
we send you that form en- 
closed in our letters, com- 
manding you that you cause 
tliat writ to be used in such 
case in our land of Ireland 
according to that form, pro- 
viding that full justice be 
shown to Robert de Hyda 
and his wife. Witness the 
King at Tewkesbuiy the 6th 
day of April in the twenty- 
second year. 

30 HENRY III., A.D. 1240. 

As TO THi Laws of England buno Obsxrvbd nf Ibbland.^ 

The King, Sec. Forasmuch aa for the common benefit of the land of Laws and 
Ireland and the unity of the King's dominions, the King wills and customs of 
by the Common Council of the King it is provided that all the laws and England to be 
eostoms which are observed in the kingdom of England should be observed in 
observed in Ireland, and the said land should be subject to the said laws, Ireland, 
and should be ruled by the same, as the lord. King John, when he was last 
in Ireland, ordained and ordered to be done. Forasmuch also as the Writs of 
King wills that all writs of common right which run in England should ^{fA^^ 
likewise run in Ireland under the King's new seal, it is commanded to 
the Archbishops, &c., that for the peace and quiet of the said land they 
permit them to be ruled and governed by the same laws and follow 
them in all things. In witness whereof, ko. Witness the King at 
Woodstock, the 9th day of September. 

1 The text taken from Patent RoU (Engl.) 30 Hen. III. m. 1, ia printed in 
Bymer'a Foedera I., p. 908. 




53 HENRY HI. A.D. 1269. 

[Plea Roll, Trbland. No. 5. — Roll of Justices 
Itinerant, m. 10.] 

PROVISn « statutu est de cosilio dni R. de XTfford, 
capital juptic HiBii « alio)^ fideliu dni E. qui sut piP^ 
de ej^ cosilio « do cocensu oium magnatain « tod^ coital 
HiBii q** una « eadem roensura cujHibet geSis bladi una « 
eadem lagena una % eade podera « una « eadem ulna 
sit de cePo p totam HiBn sic sut in civitate london cdstituta 
« appbata. Et q** aliq^s de cePo qui aliq* vina heat 
A-ondicoi Qxponeuda doliu vini n5 vondat n^ ad ^ciu quo pot'it 
di m^ lucri reportare. Et qd aliq^s IvientQ qui bladum 
recipe debent 9s cosue^unt p pastu suo de cefo no recipeant 
n* mensuram bladi scit q'^teriu london ad dnodeci septim. Et 
si aliq^ Iviens hoc c5teinp?it « ad recipiend negligens f&it 
bn liceat dno suo illu p corp suu castigare % imp^sonare. 

7 EDWARD I. A.D. 1279. 

[Red Book of the Exchequer, Treland, fol. 96 d.] 

Statuta M )EX Justiciariis siiis de Banco saltm. Cum dudum 

devirui Jl\) puisuni fuisset qd viri Rdigiosi feoda aliquo^ n5 

igioBiB. ingrederent' sine licencia « voluntate capitalia dn(^ de quib5 
feoda ilia inmediate tenent' % viri Religiosi postmodum 
nichilomin^ tam feoda sua ppria q^ alio)^ hactenus ingressi sint 
ea sibi appropriando % emendo 9s oliqii ex dono alic^ reoipiendo p 
quod Suicia que ex hui^modi feodis debent' <c que ad defensionem 

^ loterlined. 


53 HENRY III. AD. 1269. 

Unifokm Weights and Measubss thbouohout 

IT is provided and enacted bj the council of Sir K[obei't] de 
Ufford, Chief Justiciar of Ireland, and other of the faithful 
people of the lord Edward who are likewise of his council, and 
with the consent of all the magnates and the entire commonalty 
of Ireland, that one and the same measure of every kind of corn, 
one and the same gallon, one and the same weights, and one 
and the same ell shall be from henceforth throughout «11 
Ireland, as they are ap|K>inted and approved in the city of 
London. And that anyone from henceforth who may have Price of wines, 
any wines to be ex|)06ed for sale shall not sell the tun of wine 
unless at a price at which he can gain half a mark of profit. And 
that any of the Serjeants who ought and were accustomed to AllowaaceB to 
receive corn for their subsistence, from henceforth shall only ''®"^"^**- 
receive a measure of com, to wit, the quarter of London, every 
twelve weeks; and if any serjeant despise this and be neglectful 
in taking [his allowance], it shall be lawful for his lord to 
chastise and imprison him in his body. 

7 EDWARD I. A.D. 1279. 

Statute as to Men of Reugion. 
(Al80 called the Statute of Mortmain). 

rpHE King to his Juaticcs of the Bench, greeting. Whereas, of late it No land shall 
-^ was provided, that men of religion should not enter into the fees of ^ aliened in 
any persons without licence and will of the chief Lords, of whom those fees ^^^ ^^^ ^^ 
are immediately held ; and notwithstanding, men of religion haye after- forfeiture, 
wards entered as well into their own fees, as those of other men, appro- 
priating and buying them for themselves, and sometimes receiving them 
of the gift of others, whereby the services that are due of such fees, and 
which from the beginning were provided for defence of the realm, are 


Regni ab inicio puisa fueruat indebiie subtrahunt' « diii 
Capitales eschaetas suas inde amittunt; nos sup hoc p utilitate 
Bogni coQgruQ remediQ puideri volentes, de consilio ^latc^ 
Comitu % alioj^ fideliu Regni nri de conRilio nro existencium 
puidim^ statuim^ % ordinani' qd nuUus Religiosus aut alius 
quicuc^ Pras aut ten aliqua er9e vel vendere aut sub colore 
donacionLs aut Pmini vel alPius tituli cui'cuq^ ab aliquo recipe 
aut alio quouismodo arte vel ingenio sibi appriare ^sumat sub 
forisfcura eoj^d p quod ad manu mortua terre % ten bui^inodi 
deueniant quoquomodo. Prouidim^ etiam qd si quis religiosus 
aut alius contra ^sens statutum aliquo niodo arte vel ingenio 
venire ^sumpserit; Liceat nobis % aliis inmediatis capitalib3 
dnis feodi taliter alienati illud infra anna a tempore alienacionis 
hui'modi ingredi « tenere in feodo 9t iiereditate. Et si capitalis 
dns inmediatus negligens fBil % feodum bui'modi ingredi 
noluerit infra anna, tuc liceat px® capitali dno mediato feodi 
illius infra dimidia annu sequ^te feoda illud ingredi % tenere 
sicut ^dcm est. Et sic quilib3 dns mediatus f aciat si ppinquior 
dns in ingrediendo hui^modi feoda negligens f&it ut ^dcm est. 
Et si omes hui^modi capitales dni hui^modi feodi qui plene 
fuerint etatis % infra q*tuor maria % extra p^sonam p vna anna 
negligcntes vel remissi fuerint in hac parte ; nos statim post 
annum completum a terope quo hui'modi empciones donacoes 
aut alias appropriaciones fierL contigerit, terras 9s ten hui'modi 
capiem^ in mana nram « alios inde feoffabimus pro certa 
seruicia nobis inde ad defensionem Regni nostri facienda; saluis 
capitalibus dnis feodo]^ illoj^ Wardis eschaetis % aliis ad ipos 
ptinentib3 ac seruiciis inde debitis % consuetis. Et ideo vobis 
mandamus qd statutum coram vobis Legi % decetero firmiter 
teneri « ob?uari faciatis. Teste Rege apud Westmonaster xv^ 
die Kofi anno r sui septimo. 


unduly withdrawn, and the chief Lords lose their escheats thereout. 

We, therefore, for the profit of the realm, intending to provide suitable 

remedy, by the advice of the Prelates, Earls, and other lieges of 

our kingdom, being of our Council, provide, establish, and ordain, 

that no person, religious or other, whosoever, presume to buy or 

sell any lands or tenements, or to receive them from any under 

pretence of gift or term, or any other title whatsoever, or by any other 

craft or device to appropriate same to himself, under forfeiture of the 

same, whereby such lands and tenements may any wise come into 


We provide also, that if any person, religious or other, presume by '^^^ j^^j^ ^^ 

any other craft or device to oflfend against this statute, it shall be the fee shall 

lawful to us and other immediate chief Lords of the fee so aliened, to "uccessively 

take benefit 
enter into the same within a year from the time of such alienation, and of the 

to hold it in fee and inheritance. And if the immediate chief Lord lie forfeiture, 
negligent, and will not enter into such fee within the year, then it shall 
be lawful for the next chief Lord mediate of the same fee to enter into 
the same fee within half a year next following, and to hold it as before 
is said. And so every Lord mediate may do, if the next Lord be negligent 
in entering into such fee, as is aforesaid. And if all such chief Lords 
of such fee, who shall be of full age, and within the four seas, and 
out of prison, be negligent or remiss in this behalf for one year, we, On their 
immediately after i^e completion of a year from the time it happened i^^g^^t for 
that such purchases, gifts, or other appropriations were made, shall take ^l kL^*^** 
such lands and tenements into our hands, and shall infeoff others thereof, in shall ta!ke. 
consideration of certain services to be rendered to us thereout for the defence 
of our realm ; saving to the chief Lords of the same fees their wardships, 
escheats, and other things appertaining t-o them, and the services there- 
out due and accustomed. And therefore we command you, that you cause 
the aforesaid Statute to be read before you, and from henceforth to be 
firmly kept and observed. Witness the King at Westminster, the 
fifteenth day of November, in the seventh year of his reign. 


12 EDWARD I. A.D. 128i. 
[Red Book of thb Exchbqueb in Ireland, fol. 79.]^ 

EDWARDUS dei gra Rex AngtDns Hifen * Dux AquitThei 
t Baronibj deScNsio acCafiariis suis sattm. Vt indempni- 
tati nre % pofSlo regni iiri in aliqiiibj que nos % poptm nrm 
^dcm % sc*cio nro ^dco contingut ^piciatur volum^ % ^uidimus 
qd non sc'bantur de oefo coipa Com in Rotut anualib3 S3 
scribantur in quodam rotulo et iegantur singulis annis sup 
oompotu vie. Singula videit de singulis [Coini]^tatib3 et ut 
sciatur si quid inde accidere possit ex q*cum(^ causa 
remanencia vero firma^ eo^dS Com[post Pr]'as datas bc'bant' 
in rotulis aniialib3 % ofientur inde vie, in quib3qnide remiuien- 
tib3 asBocienf libta[coeB «p elerooie constitute « alie allocacones 
si quas vie tiu^int de exitib3 battle sue p bria sua. Et quia 
[ad sugj^gestione diu^s<^ Baltio^ nro^ fiunt bria nra de 
diu^sis allocaGoib3 ad graue dampnu nrm volum^ [% puidij'mus 
qd de hui^modi allocacoib3 sic faciendis de oePo fiat vis^ in 
sc*cio "^ hui^mod visu fidetr f oo[iidem]' Thes « Barones certifi- 
cent Cancellar nrm do debit allocacoib3 faciendis. Et fiant 
bria de allocacoib3 [juxta]' c^tificacoem ^dcam. Scribanf^ 
% in eisdem rotut anualib3 firme vie, pficua Com, firme 
seriantiaj^ [«]' asserto]^ firme Oivitat Burgo^ vill^ « alie 
firme de quib3 responsu est annuatim ad scNrm ^cm [Item]' 
sc*bant' in eisdem rotut omia debita atPminata omia grossa 
debita de quib3 spes est qd aliquid mde reddi [possitp Item 
omia debita que videntur ee ^a.^ Cum v^ pventa fu^t in 
compot ad titulu de nouis obligatis^ nO sc'bant' in rotlo anuali 

1 This statute being found in the Bed Book* but without writ for its obserr- 
anoe in this oountry, is placed as of the year of its enactment. 

9 Obliterated. 

" Aisoeimiur. The Olose Boll (from which the text in StaL Bealvi is taken) 
reads aUocentur, 

* Close Boll reads elara. 

« Close Boll reads oblatit. In the Exchequer this signified old debts brought 
from precedent years an<l put to the present sherilTs charge.i 

XII. EDWARD 1. 41 

12 EDWARD I. A.D. 1284. 

Statute of Rhuddlan — Provisions made in the 

EDWARD by the grace of God, King of EDgland, lord of Ireland and 
Duke of Aquitaine, to his Treasurer, Barons, and Chamberlains of 
the Exchequer greeting. To the intent that provision may be made, 
for the indemnity of us and of the people of our realm, in certain 
things which concern us and our said people, in our said Exchequer, we 
will and provide that from henceforth the bodies of the counties be not 
written in the Annual rolls, but that they be written in pne certain 
roll and be read every year upon the account of the sheriffs ; each to 
wit) of the several counties, that it may be known if anything can 
thereof accrue to us by any reason ; but the remanents of the farms 
of the said counties shall be written after '' lands granted," in the Annual 
Rolls, and the sheriffs shall be therewith charged, in which remanents the 
Liveries and Alms assigned shall be included, and other allowances. Allowances 
if the sheriffs have any, of the issues of their bailiwick by their writs. And and amounts 

because at the suggestion of divers of our bailiffs, our writs are made of o'^*"tt* "i<* 

divers allowances, to our great loss, We will and provide that of such 

manner of allowances so to be made, from henceforth view be made 
in the Exchequer ; and such view being faithfully made, the said 
Treasurer and Barons shall certify our Chancellor of the due allowances 
to be made, and writs of allowances shall be made according to the afore- 
said certificate. Also there shall be written in the said Annual Rolls the 
farms of the Sheriffs, the profits of counties, the farms of Serjeanties and 
Assarts, the farms of cities, burghs, towns, and other farms whereof 
answer is made yearly at the aforesaid Exchequer. There shall also be 
written in the said Rolls all debts attermined, all gross debts whereof 
there is hope that something may be recovered ; also all debts which 
$eem to be just. But when they come in the account to the 


nisi ea de quibj respondent [spes est» vic]^ % debita innenia 
in origmalibus que videntur esse vera % clara. D. finni^ 
vero mortuis % debitis de quibus nd est spes fiat un^ rotulus 
« irrotulent*^^ Ck)m 9t legant' singiit annis sup cou^.p vie. 
£t debita de quib3 vie respondent sc'bant'^ in rotulo anuali 
% ibi aoquietent^ Item volum^ <s puidim^ qd pclamef^ in 
singlis Coin qd omes illi qui tint talt de sc\;io de debitis 
suis vt ancessor]^ suo^ ibidem solut nodu hacten' allocatis 
qd adhuc veniant [in suminonieoem sc^cii iibeut bui'modi 
tallias vie suis allocand]' ad Bc^;m sup compot suos % ^dci 
vie fac ilt a q'bj talt sic recepint sc^ptur suas testificantes 
recepcoem illam talt sua^ sumam <« occ^)em debito^. InPsint 
reoepcoi talt ^dca^ duo niilites fideles ad hoc deputati inP 
quos ^dci vicecom fac Cjrog^spti de hui^modi recepcone sigilla 
eoj^ alPnati inuenta> Frefati v^ milites ad hoc dcputandi 
mittant ad sc^m ad Pminu statuend ptes suas Cyrog^sph 
svLQif. ^dcoj^ in forma ^dca ut p visu « testimoniu eoj^dem 
dee Talt p vicecom sic recept exibeantur sup comp suos « 
allocent'. Froclamet' insup qd nisi illi qui hnt h^modi talt 
libent eas vie « milit ut ^dcm est extuc dist^ngentur p toto 
debito « talt ^dce p nd solutis reputabant''. Item ut debita 
quo adhuc veniut in sumdib3 unde debitores pferut Talt 
oont^ div^sos vie defer rent^* « acquietent^. Providim^ % qd 
aliqui sint ad hoc assignati ex pte iira in siuglis Coih qui 
heant plena ptatem inq*rendi de h^modi debitis % vocadis^ 
coram eis tarn soluentes q^ vie hedes assignat aut teuGtes 
Pras e<^ si ipi mortui fu^int qui hui'modi recepint « insup 
pcedend ad inq'sicoem % capiendi si ncce ffu^it sine ptes sint 
^sentes co* qnas talt ^dce fu^int osteuse sine non. testificata 
tn p*us p vie suma^ eisdem inde fonabili facta « inquisita « 

1 The words in brackets are in Close BoU, bnt not in the Red Book. 

3 The Olose Boll leads irUitulerUur. 

■ The sentence in br&okets is in the Olose Boll, but not in the Bed Book. 

* Munita in Otoee BoU. 

A DepuUntur in another MS, 

• So in MS. 

7 Summonictone in Close Boll, 


title "Nova oblata/' nothing shall be written in the Annual Roll 
except those of which [there is hope of payment, and the Sheriffs] 
answer, and debts found in the Originals which seem to be just and 
clear. Of dead farms and debts of which there is no hope, one Roll a Roll of 
shall be made, and the counties shall be enrolled in it (or) [if shall be desperate 
entitled " comU<Utu"'] and read every year upon the account of the ^ 
Sheriffs, and the debts whereof the Sheri&'answer shall be written in the 
Annual Roll and there shall be acquitted. Moreover, We will and pro- Tallies for 
vide that proclamation be made in every county that all those who have ^oots. 
tallies of the Exchequer of their own debts or of those of their ances- 
tors paid there, not yet allowed, that yet may come [in the summons 
of the Exchequer, deliver to their Sheriffs such tallies to be allowed] at 
the Exchequer upon their accounts, and the aforesaid Sheriffs shall make 
to those from whom they shall so have received tallies, their writings 
testifying the receipt of their tallies, the amount and occasion of tlie 

Two trustworthy Knights deputed for this purpose, shall be present at Indentures 
the receipt of the said tallies, between whom and the said Sheriffs shall be thereof, 
made indentures of such receipt, confirmed by their seals interchange- 

The aforesaid Knights to be deputed for this shall send to the Ex- 
chequer at a term to be appointed, their parts of their said indentures in 
form aforesaid, so that by view and witness thereof, the said tallies so 
received by the Sheriffs may be exhibited upon their accounts and 
allowed. Moreover, proclamation shall be made that unless those who Tallies not 
have such tallies deliver them to the Sheriffs and Knights as aforesaid, uoli^^^ 
that thenceforth they shall be distrained for the whole debt, and the afore- 
said tallies shall be reckoned as unpaid. Also that the debts which 
hitherto come in summons, whereof the debtors proffer tallies against 
divers Sheriffs, shall be defalked and acquitted. Moreover we provide 
that certain persons assigned thereunto on our behalf [be sent] into Commissions 
every county, who shall have full power of enquiring of such debte and *° o^quire of 
also of calling before them as well the payers as the Sheriffs, the heirs. Debts, 
assigns, or the tenants of their lands, if they be dead who have received 
such ; and in addition, if there be necessity, of proceeding to take 
inquest, whether the parties against whom the said tallies were shown be 


disoussa « n ^sencia pciu sup hiis v^itate fadent del 
inquisitores rotolos de omib^ debitis oora eis cOuictis vt con- 
feasis « irrotiatis debitf ^dcis statl frangatur tali eof. 
Yicecom % tieant penes se sb sigilt suis inquisitor insc^pta 
rotlo^ §^c6f. « supsedeant distHscom faciend p debitf in eiadem 
cOtentis donee aliud inde hu^int in mandatis. ^£ati v^ 
inqiusitores mittant ad sc^sm sb sigilt siiis rolulos ^cos ut ibi 
p scrutiniQ inde^ faciend examinent' que debita in pte vt in toto 
sint soluta % que nO % fca examinacone ^dca on^enf^ vie % 
aoq^tont'' debitores [scdm]^ qd p eande fu^it faciendu. Item 
volum^ % puidiin^ qd Cam^arii no faciant de cePo vie aeu [aliis]^ 
qQib3Cu<^ Baltis talt dividend nisi reoept^ prius ab eis pticlis 
sQmas % occoes debito^ % noia [ea]^ soluenciu continetib3 in 
quaaq^dS pticlas velint h'modi dividend ptiri qnib5 sb sigilt 
e<^ [reoeptis]^ nO licet eas in alias pticlas aliq*ten' mutare. 
Puidim^ « qd oia debita ad que vie re8pond[ent qdp debitores 
nichil hut in balliuis suis n* tiu^ut tpe quo on^ati fu^int de 
eisdem debitis vt qd nO [sunt]^ luenti ezt^hant' % sc'bant' in 
rotulis % tMant' rotuli illi viris fide digii « circusp'tis q* inde 
fac[iant inquisicoem]^ i foi* p Thes « Baroii puidend. Et q3 
p queda ptcita in sc^cio nro hacten^ tenta que [cos seu 
ministros]^ Bros eiMem sc^cii no cdtingut iira % popli iiri negocia 
oora eisdem indebite progant' « imped[iuntur voluj^m^ % 
ordinam^ qd nHm ptcitum decePo teneat' in ^dco sc^;io n^ 
iltd quod tangat [nos vel mini]^stros nros ^dcos. Et ido voB 
mandam^ qd ^missa oora voB distincte % afSte [legi rotulari %y 
de cePo obsuenuiri faciatf in sc^cio ^dco. In c^ rei testimoniu 
has tras Bras ^ 

1 ObUteratod. 
• InterUned. 

Xn. EDWARD r. 45 

present or not, reasonable summons made to them therefor being first 
testified by the Sheriflf ; and the truth in these matters being inquired 
into and discussed in presence of the parties, the said inquisitors shall 
make Rolls of all debts proved or confessed before them, and the said 
debts being enrolled, forthwith the tallies of the same shall be broken. 
Also the Sheriffs shall have in their custody under the seals of the 
inquisitors transcripts of the said Rolls, and shall surcease making 
distraint for the debts contained in them, until they shall have other- 
wise in command therefor. The said inquisitors shall send to the 
Exchequer under their seals the aforesaid Rolls, that there by scrutiny 
thereof to be made, examination may be had what debts are paid 
in part or in the whole and what not, and the aforesaid examination 
being made, the Sheriffs shall be charged and the debtors acquitted 
according to what ought to be done by the same. 

Also we will and provide that the Chamberlains from henceforth shall Tallies to 
not make to the Sheriffs or any other bailiffs whomsoever tallies to •*»eriffs. 
be divided, unless they first receive from them particulars containing the 
amounts and occasions of the debts and the names of those paying them, 
into whatsoever particulars they wish such tallies to be divided, and 
those being so received under their seals, it shall not be lawful to change 
them by any means into other particulars. 

Moreover, we provide that all debts as to which the Sheriffs make Enquiry is 
return, that the debtors have nothing in their bailiwicks, nor had at the u ^^x foijj^^** 
time when they were charged with the same debts, or that they be not Ac. 
found, shall be estreated and written in Rolls, and these Rolls delivered 
to trustworthy and circumspect men who shall make enquiry thereof in 
the form to be provided by tiie Treasurer and Barons. And because Ko suit to be 
by certain pleas heretofore held in our Exchequer which do not con- P'^?^*^*®^ 
cem us or our officers of the said Exchequer, our affairs and those of nQioag |t 
our people before them are unduly postponed and hindered ; We will and conceru the 

ordain that no plea be henceforth held in the said Exchequer, unless what ^1?-^ or his 

M. # . ^ 1 1 # omeers tnere. 

specially concerns us or our officers aforesaid, and therefore we com- 
mand you that you cause the premises to be distinctly and openly read 
before you, inrolled, and henceforth observed in the said Exchequer. 
In Witness whereof, these our letters, &c. [Witness tiie King at 
Rhuddlan, the 28rd day of March in the twelfth year of our reign.] ^ 

* This sentence Is completely eftoced in the Bed Book. Cott. MS, Vesp. B. 7. 
reads " apud Both.'xxiv. me Mali anno z.," bnt the King was not at Rhuddlan at 
that date. An English Exchequer MS. Ub, Smc, x. reads **apud Both, zzlii. 
die Mart anno regnl nri xii.*' The King wan at RhuddUin on that day, and 
had been there for some time previously, so this would appear to be the 
correct date. See Sweetman's Cat. Doeuvienta relating to Ireland and Cat. J\it. 
BoU (P. R. O., series) 1381-92, p. 117. 


13 EDWARD I. A.D. 1285. 

[Closb lloLL Engl. 13 Edwabd I. m. 3 d] 

D Statutis Liberatis. 

MEMO* q** clie YeRia in festo Exaltacois S^ Crucis anno 
*c xiij® apud Wynfcon liTSata ffint Ro^o Bretun ctico 
veflaB pris W. WaPford Epi tuc justic HiBfi quedam statiita 
p i*egem et consiliu suu edita et pvisa videtb slabuta Westm 
stabim posb coronatoni r edita et statiita Glouc et statuta 
p n)catorib3 fca ao statiita Westmon in pliamento reg pascti 
anno ^dco pvisa et fca in HitSn deferenda et ibide pclamanda 
et ob^vanda. 

[Red Book of the Exchequer in Ireland, fol. 8]-91.p 

C^ES sunt les eatablisemenz le Rey Edward le fiz le Rey 
J Henry fez a Weymoster a son p*mer parleraeut general 
aprea son coronnement aprcs la CI use Paske Ian de son 
Regne tierz par son conseil o par le assentement des 
Eroeucskes Eueskes Abes Priurs Contes Barons e la 
COmiinaute de la tore ileokes somons Pur ceo ke nostre 
seygnur le Rey ad graunt volente e desir del estat de son 
Roaume adroscer en les choses ou mestier est del amende- 
ment e ceo pur le comun profit de seint Eglise e del reaume. 
Et pur ceo 4 1^^^ de seint Eglise ad este maumeue e les 
prelaz e les religious^ de la tere greuez en mulz de mafies 
e le poeple autrement trete e la pees meins garde 4 ^bre 
ne deust e les leys niesusees e les meffesaunz meins puniz 4 
estre ne dussent pur quel les genz doterent le meins a meffere ; 
si ad le Rey ordine e establi les choses desuz escrites 4 ^ 
entent 4 seient profitables e couenables a tut le Reaume. 
C. Enprimes veut le Rey e comaunde 4 ^^ P<^^ ^^ ^^^ 
Eglise e de la tere seit bien garde e meintenue en tuz poinz 
e 4 cdmune droiture seit fet a tuz ausi bien a poui'es com 
as riches saunz regard de nuly. C. Purceo 4 ^^ Abbeyes 
e les mesons de Religions ont este 4iorchargez e greue 
malement par la venue des g^unz genz e autres 4 ^i^i^ ^^ 
sofiseient a eaus meismes receiure par quei les religious^ sent 

^ See Writ 19th year (aboTe) commanding observance of this Slatate In Lwland. 
This Statute was re-enaoted for Ireland by Statute la a Parliament held in 
DabUn, 18 Edward IL cap. 2. 

- ReligionB in MS. • 

Xlir. EDWARD I. 47 

13 EDWARD I., A.D. 1285. 
As TO StatutIw Deliybbed. 

BE it remembered that on Friday the Feast of the Writ for 
Exaltation of the Holy Cross [14 September] in the 13th obMryance In 
year, &c., at Winchester, were delivered to Roger Bretun, Ijfel^^^ <>' 
clerk of the Venerable Father W.i (recU Stephen) bishop of ^'[J^n^Jj,, 
Waterford then Justiciar of Ireland, certain Statutes by Qloucester, 
the King and his Council made and provided, namely, the ^nd those of 
Statutes of Westminster made immediately after the King's Merchants, 
coronation, and the Statutes of Gloucester and the Statutes 
made for Merchants, and the Statutes of Westminster in the 
parliament of tho King at Easter in the said year provided 
and made, to be brought into Ireland and there to be pro- 
claimed and observed. 

TsB Stattttib ov Wsstminstbr ths First; (snaotsd in Enolakd 
3 EnwABD I. J 

THESE are the Acts of King Edward, son of King Henry, made at 
Westminster at his first Parliament general after his coronation, 
on [the morrow] after the Close of Easter in the third year of his reign, 
by his Council, and by the assent of the archbishops, bishops, abbots, 
priors, earls barons, and the commonalty of the land thither summoned. 

Because that our lord the King has a great wish uid desire to redress 
the state of his realm in things which require amendment, for the com- 
mon profit of Holy Church, and of the realm : and because the state 
of Holy Church has been 411 kept, and the prelates and religious persons 
of the land grieved in many ways, and the people treated, and the peace 
kept, otherwise than they ought to be, and the laws misused, and 
offenders less punished than they ought to be, by reason whereof people 
feared the less to offend ; the King has ordained and established these 
things underwritten, which he thinks to be profitable and suitable 
unto the whole realm. 

L First, the King wills and commands, that the peace of Holy Church Pe^oe of H6I7 
and of the land be well kept and maintained in all points, and that ^^^^^^ 
common right be done to all, as well poor as rich, without respect of 
person. And because that Abbeys and Houses of Religion of the land 
have been overcharged, and sore grieved, by the resort of great men 
and others, so that their goods have not been sufficient for themselves, 
whereby the Religious are so reduced and impoverished, that they cannot 

' 80 in original Stephen Fulbom was Bishop of Waterford and Justiciar of 
Ireland at this date. 


issi abessez et enpou^ez 4 ^los no pout sustenir ens meiamea 
ne la charge de la charite 4 ^l^s solient fere ; pur oeo 
purueu est 4 ^^^J yeugne manger herbi§ ne gisir en meson 
de Religion de autri auoeson ^ de la sone al cust de la meson 
sil ne seit prie e requis especialment par le gouernr de la 
meson auaunt qil ivengne e 4 ^^^ & ^^ custages demeine 
vengne gisii- desoremes en meson de Religion en contre la 
volente de la meson. Et par ces estatuz ne entent pas le Rej 
4 grace de especialte^ seit sostret a bosoingnus e 4 lea anouwez 
des mesons ne puisent par lur venues sorkarker e destrure. 
C. Purueu est ensement 4 z^ul g^nt ne petit par colur de 
parente ou de especialte ou de autre affinite ne par acheson 
ne courge en autri parks ne pesche en autri viuers ne 
herberge en autri manor ne en meson de prelat de home de 
Religion ne de autre encontre la volente e le conge del 
seygnnr ou del baillif al const le seygnur deleinz ne a son 
const demeine. Et si il Tongne par le gre ou saunz le gre 
le seygnur ou le baillif nule serure buys fenestre ne nolo 
manere de fermine ne face ouerir ne depescer pur sey ne 
par autre ne nule manere de vitaille ne de autre chose ne 
prengne par colur de achat ne autrement. C. E 4 nul ne 
face batre ne prendre nule manere de vitaille ue autre biens 
de nuly prelat home de religion persone ne de autre ne de 
Clerk ne do lay par colur de achat ne autrement encontre 
la bone volente on le conge de celuy a ki la chose Sra ou le 
gardein dedenz vile marcbaunde ou dehors. C. Et 4 ^^^ 
ne prengne Chiuaus beof s chars charettes niefs ne batons a 
fere cariages saunz la bone volente ou le conge de celuy a 
ki la chose serra e si par la volente de celuy le face, lors 
meintenaut face son gre solum le couenat fet entre eaus. £t 
ceaus 4 vendront encontre les estatuz auauntdiz e de ceo seiont 
ateinz, scient aiugez a la prison le Rey e de ileokes reinz solum 
la q^tite e la manere del trespas solum ceo 4 le Rey ou sa Court 
verra 4 hien seit. Et fet a sauer 4 si ceaus a ki le trespas ert 
f eit veillent suire les damages 4 ^ auerunt ens, lor seiTa regarde 
e retume al double e ces 4 ^^ trespas auerunt fet seiont 
puniz a la manere auauntdite, e si nul ne voudra suire, le 
Rey eit sa suite com de chose fete encontre son defens 
e encontre sa pees. Et le Rey fra enquere de an en an si 
com quidera 4 hien seit quele gent eient tel trespas fet « 
ceaus 4 aerrunt enditez en tieles enquestes Snint atachez 

' Five other MS8. read hondtaliU, 


maintain ihemselres, nor the charge of the charity which they have 
been accustomed to extend ; therefore it is provided, that none oome to Belief to 
eat, lodge, or rest in a House of ReUgion of any other's foundation HjJJjJj'Som 
than his own, at the cost of the House, unless he be specially Purveyance, 
invited and asked by the head of the House before his coming. 
And that none, at his own costs, henceforth come to rest in any House 
of Religion against the will of the House. And by this Statute the 
King intends not that the grace of hospitality should be withdrawn 
from such as need, nor that the patrons of Houses should over- 
charge, or burden them by their visits. It is provided also, that none, 
small or great, by colour of kindred, affinity, or any other alliance 
or for any cause, course in another's parks, or fish in another's 
ponds, or lodge in another's manor or in the house of a prelate, or Religious 
person, or other, against the wiU and leave of the lord, or of the bailiff, at 
the cost of the lord there, or at his own cost. And if he come with 
the good-will, or without the will of the lord or of the bailiff, that he 
cause no lock, door, window, or any kind cf fastening, to bo opened or 
broken, by himself, or any other, nor that he take any manner of victual* 
or other thing, by colour of purchase, or otherwise. And that none 
thresh [com] or take any manner of victual or other goods, of any prelate, 
Religious pwson, or any other, clerk or lay-person, by colour, of purchase, 
or otherwise against the good-will or leave of him whose the thing shall 
be, or of the keeper, be it within a market town, or without. And that 
none take horses, oxen, carts, waggons, ships, or barges, to make carriage, 
without the good-wiU or leave of him whose the thing shall be ; and if 
he do it by the will of the party, then straightway he shaU make satis- 
faction according to t^e agreement made between them. And that they 
who shall offend against the aforesaid Statutes, and thereof be attainted, 
be committed to the King's prison, and there make fine, according to the 
greatness and manner of the trespass, as the King or his Court think 
beet. And it is to be known, that if they against whom the trespass 
was committed, will sue, the damages that they shall have sustained 
shall be awarded to them and restored to the double; and they that shall 
have committed the trespass, shall bo punished in the manner above said : 
and if they will not sue, the King may have his suit, as for a thing 
oonunitted against his prohibition, and against lus peace. And the 
King shall cause enquiry to be made from year to year, if he think well, 
as to what persons have committed such trespasses ; and they that 
shall be indicted in such Inquests shall be attached and distrained by the 



e destreinz {lar la graunt destresoe de venir a an oertein 
Jour ke contenge le espace de vn rooys on la Gourfc le Bej 
la oil 11 plerra e si oeaus yengnet a tiel Joor, seient destreinz 
derechief par mesnie la destresoe do venir a vn ^in Jour 
4 contigne seet^ sesmeines. Et si ceaus adunk ne vengnent 
seient iugez com ateinz e rendent le double par la suite le 
Rey a ceaus 4 ^^ damage aueront e seient greuousement 
puniz solum la manere del trespas. 0. Et le Rey defent 
e comaund 4 ^^^ desoremes ne face mal ne damage ne 
greuaunce a nul home de Religion psone de seient Egliae ne 
a autre par acheson qil eyent vye le hostel ou le manf a 
nuly ou par aoheson de ceo 4 auku se pleient en la Court 
de ceo qil sen sent greue de aukunes choses auauntdites 
e si nul le face e de ceo seit ateint, seit encoru en la peyne. 
auauntdito. C. Et est porueu 4 ^^ poinz auauntdiz lient 
ausi bien nos ConseiUera Justices de fforest e nos autres 
Ju8tic(> come autre gent C. Et 4 1^ poinz auauntdiz 
seient meuz tenuz e gardees si defsd le Rey sor sa grene 
forfeture 4 ^^^ prelat Abbe home de Religion ou baiillif de 
aukun de eaus ne receiue nul home encontre la forme auaunt- 
dite. C. Et 4 nul ne enuoye a meson ne a manor de Religion 
ne de autre home gonz Chiuaus ne Chiens a soiorner ne nul 
ne les receiue. Et qi le fra, por ceo 4 c<)0 est encontre le 
defens e le comaundement le Rey il serra puni greuement. 
C. Unkore est ix>rueu 4 viscontes ne herberget en nul liu oud 
plus 4 oud cink ou sis Chiuaus ne 4 il ne greuent la gent de 
Religion ne autres par lour souent venir ou gisir a lour 
mesons ou a lour manors. C. Porueu est ensement 4 kaiit 
Clerk est pris por ret de felonie e il seit demaunde p le 
Ordinaire il lui seit liuere solum le priuilege de seient Eglise 
en tiel peril com il i apent solu les custumes auaunt ces 
oures vsees e le Rey amoneste les ^az e lour enioynt en 
la fei qil li deuient e por le comun profit e la pees de 

Other MSB. KAdtU. 


gi«at distress, to come at a oertain day, within the space of a month, 
into the King's Court, where it shall please him; and if they oome 
[not] at that day, that they be distrained anew by the same distress, to 
come at a certain day, within seven weeks. And if they come not 
then, that they bo judged as attainted, and render double, by the suit of 
the King, to those who shall suffer the damage, and be heavily punished 
according to the manner of the trespass. 

And the King forbids and commands, that no one from henceforth No rait for 
do hurt, damage, or injury to any Religious person, parson of Holy ^ijj^ 
Church, or any other, because they have refused lodging or food unto 
any, or because that any one complains in Court that he feels himself 
aggrieved in any of the things above mentioned : and if any do this 
and thereof be attainted, that he incur the penalty aforesaid. 

And it is provided, that the pointo aforesaid bind as well our 
Councillors, Justices of the Forest, and other our Justices, as other 

And that the aforesaid pointe may be the better maintained and 
observed, the King forbids upon heavy forfeiture, that any Prelate, 
Abbot, Religious person, or the bailiff of any of them, receive any 
man contrary to the form aforesaid. 

And that any send to a house or manor of Religion or that of any 
other person, men, horses, or dogs, to sojourn, nor that any receive 
them ; and he who shaU do this (seeing that it is contrary to the King's 
prohibition and command) shaU be heavily punished. 

It is further provided, that from henceforth Sheriffs lodge not in Sheriffs 
any place with more than five or six horses ; and that they do not "**°^' 
burden Religious persons, or others, by their often coming or lodging 
at their houses or their manors. 

II. It is provided also, that when a clerk is taken on a charge of Delivery of 
felony, and he be demanded by the Ordinary, he be delivered to him tJtJj*"*^*®^ 
according to the privilege of Holy Church, on such peril as thereto attaches, Ordinary, 
according to the customs heretofore used. And the King admonishes 
the prelates, and enjoins them upon the fealty that they owe to him, 
and for the common profit and peace of the land, that they in no manner 



la tere 4 c^us ^ sunt enditez de tiel ret par solempoe 
enqueste des prodes homes fete en la Court le Rej en nule 
manere ne lea deliurent saunz duwe purgacion issi 4 lo ^J 
neit mester de mettre i autre remedie. C. Purueu est enaement 
4 nule rien ne seit desoremes demaunde ne pris ne leue p' 
eschap de larun ou de felon ieske ataunt 4 ^® eschap seit 
aiuge par Justices erraunz e ky autrement le fra, si rendra 
a celuj ou a ceaus qi laueront paez q*nt q il auera reoeu e an 
Rey ensement ataunt. C. De wrek de mer est aoorde 4 l& ou 
home chien ou chat eschape vif hors de la Kief ou le batel 
ou nule rien 4 leinz seit, ne seit iuge a Wrek roes seient 
]es choses sauuees e gardees par veue del visconte e del 
Goruner e des bailliz le Rey en la main de ceaus de la 
Tyle ou les choses sont trouez issi 4 &i nul siwe ceus biens e 
pnisse prouer qil seient soens ou a son seygnur ou en sa garde 
periz dedens Ian e le jour saunz delay li seient renduz. Et 
si noun, remaignet au Rey e seient prisez par le visconte e le 
Coruner a la vilee a respoundre deuaut Justices del Wrek 4 
apent au Rey, Et la ou Wrek apent a autre 4 ^ ^7 
si lait p meime la manere. Et qi autrement le fra, e de ceo 
seit ateint, seit a garde a la prison e reint a la volente le Rey 
e rendra les damages ensement. Et si la baiUif le face e seit 
desauowe del seygn** e lo seygn' ne ne otrie a luy^ respoingne 
le haillif si il ad de queL Et sil nad de quei, rende le seygn' le 
cors del baillif al Rey. C. Pur ceo 4 elections deuient estre 
fraunches, le Rey defent sur sa greue forfeture 4 i^ul haut 
home ne autre par poer de armes ne par malice^ ne desturbe 
de fere frauche election. C. Et 4 ^^ ^^^^ Cite Burg ou Yile 
ne nul home seit amercie saunz renable acheson e solum la 
q^tite del trespas ceo est a sauer fraunk home aauue son 
oontenemet marchaund sauue sa marchaundise yilayn sauue 
son gaignage e ceo par lour piers. 0. Des prises des 
C.^K>nestables ou Chasteleyns fetes de autres 4 de la gent de la 
vile ou les Chasteaus sunt assis, purueu est 4 nul Conestable 

1 Another HS. reads manatee. 


deliver, without due purgation, those who are indicted on Buoh aocusa- 
tion by solemn Inquest of lawful men made in the King*8 Courts so 
that the King need not to provide any other remedy in that case. 

in. It is provided also, that nothing from henceforth be demanded or No fines for 
taken or levied, for the escape of a thief or a felon, until the escape be j^S!^^|SJ|iS,? 
adjudged by the Justices in eyre. And that he that shall do otherwise, 
shall restore to him or them that shall have paid it, as much as he 
shall have received, and as much also unto the King. 

IV. Concerning wreck of the sea, it is agreed, that where a man, a Wrack of the 
dog, or a cat escape alive out of a ship, [that the ship] or barge, or 

any thing within it, be not adjudged wreck ; but that the goods be Oostody ot 

saved and kept by view of the Sheriff, Coroner, and the King's 

bailiffs, in the hand of those of the vill where the goods were 

found ; so that if any sue for those goods, and can prove that 

they be his, or his lord's, or were lost in their keeping, within a 

year and a day, they be restored to him without delay. And if 

not, that they remain to the King, and be taken by the Sheriff 

and the Coroner to the vill, to answer before the Justices of the 

wreck that belongs to the King. And where wreck belongs to another 

than the King, that he have it in like manner. And he that shall do 

otherwise, and thereof be attainted, shall be committed to prison, and 

make fine at the King's will, and also yield damages. And if the bailiff 

do it, and be disavowed by the lord,' and the lord wiU not pretend any 

title, that the bailiff answer, if he have whereof ; and if he have not 

whereof, that the lord deliver the bailiff's body to the King. 

V. Because elections ought to be free, the King forbids, upon Freedom of 
heavy forfeiture, that any great man or other, by force of arms, or by 

malice, disturb any from making free election. 

VL And that in no city, burgh, or town, any be amerced, with- Amercements 
out reasonable cause, and according to the greatness of the trespass ; oi^je. 
that is to say, every free-man saving his contenement, a merchant 
saving his merchandise, a villein saving his wannage, and that by their 

Vn. Of prises taken by constables, or castellans, of others than of ^^^^ 
the people of the vill where the castles are situate ; it is provided, 


ne Ghastelejrn desoremes nule manere de prise ne faoe daatre 
houme 4 ^^ autre home 4 ^e la vile ou son Ohastel est assis, e 
oeo seit paie ou gre fet dedenz quarante Jours si oeo ne seit 
aunciene prise due au Rey ou al Giiastel ou al seygnur del 
Chastel. C. Eb 4 i^^^^ nen seit pris p*" beaupleyder si com 
autre fiez fu defendu en le tens le Bey Henry piere le Bey 4 
ore est C. £t pur ceo 4 la pees de la tere ad este feblement 
garde auaunt oes oures par defaute de bone suite fete sur les 
felond solum doue manere e nomeement par acheson des 
fraucliises ou les felons sunt reoettez, purueu est 4 ^^'^ 
comunaumSt seient prez % aparaUlez al maundemSt e a la 
somonse des viscontes ou autri^ del pays de suire e de arester 
le' fel5s q^nt mester serra ausi bien dedenz fraunchises cum 
de hors. Et ces 4 ceo n® frut, e de ceo seient ateinz, le Bey 
prendra a eus greuement. Et si la defaute seit troue sor 
le seygn' de la fraunchise le Rey se prendra a meime la 
frauncbise, e si la defaute seit al baillif eit la prison de vn an e 
puis seit greuement reint e si il nad de quei, eit la prison 
de deus aunz. C. Et si visconte ou autre baillif dedenz 
fraunchises ou» dehors pur louer ou par priere ou par nule 
manere de affinite concelent on consentent ou procurent de 
conceler les felonies fetes en lour baillies ou ke il se feignent 
de arestier on de atacher les mesfesaunz par la ou il purront 
ou autrement se feingnet de fere lur office e nule manere de 
fauor des mefiesaunz e de ceo seient ateinz 4 il eient la prison 
de vn an, e puis seient g^uemSt reinz, e si il ne vnt de quei, eiet 
la p^son de quatre' aunz. 0. Pur ceo 4 petite gent e meins sages 
sunt esluz ia de nouel comunaumet al office de Coruner e 
mestier serreit 4 prodes homes leans % sages se intremeisent 
de eel office, purueu est q par tuz les contiez sient esluz 
snffisaunz Coruners des pP leals e plus sages Chiualers 4 
meus sachent veillent e puissent a eel office entedre e 4 
loiaument attachent e re^sentent les appeaus de la Conine 
e les viscotes eient contreroules one les Coruners ausi bien 

' So in MS. for au eri, 
> Other MS8. read lij. 


that no constable, or castellan, from henceforth exact any prise, of any 
other man than of the vill where his castle is situate ; and that it be 
paid, or else satisfaction be made within forty days, if it be not an 
ancient prise due to the King, or to the castle, or to the lord of the castle. 

VIII. And that nothing be taken for Fair-pleading, as has been pro- Beau-pleader, 
hibited heretofore in the time of King Henry, father of the King that 

now is. 

IX. And forasmuch as the peace of the land has been badly kept Pursuit of 
heretofore for lack of making effectual pursuit after felons in due manner, ^ ^'^ 
and especially because of franchises, where felons are received ; it is 
provided. That all generally be ready and prepared, at the command and 
summons of the sheriffs, or at the cry of the country, to pursue and arrest 

the felons, when any need shall be, as well within franchises as without; 
and that they that will not so do, and thereof be attainted, the King 
shall take heavy fine from them. And if the default be found in the lord 
of the franchise, that the King shall take the same franchise to himself ; 
and if the default be in the bailiff, that he have one year's imprisonment, 
and after that be heavily fined ; and if he have not whereof, that 
he go to prison for two years. 

And if the Sheriff, or other bailiff within franchisee, or without. Punishment 
for reward, or by reason of entreaty, or for any manner of °J °,^p^J^Jj*' 
affinity, conceal, or consent, or procure concealment of the 
felonies committed in their liberties, or that they forbear to arrest 
or attach the evil doers, when they might do so, or otherwise forbear 
to execute their office, for any manner of favour towards such 
evil doers, and be thereof attainted, that they have one year's im- 
prisonment, and after be heavily punished; and if they have not 
whereof, that they suffer imprisonment for four years. 

X Forasmuch as mean and unwise persons now of late are commonly Who shall be 
chosen to the office of Coroner, and it is requisite that persons of Ooronors. 
good standing, lawful, and wise, should occupy such office ; it is pro- 
vided, that through all the counties, sufficiently-qualified men be chosen 
to be Coroners, of the most lawful and discreet knights, who best under^ 
stand, are willing and able to attend on this office, and who will lawfully 
attach, and present tJie appeals of the Crown ; and that the sheriffs have 

56 liABLY STAf UT^ OF IttELAl^D. 

des appeaufl com dea enquestes atiachemenz « autreB choaeB 
4 a eel office appeudent Et 4 nul Coroner rieii ne demaunde 
ne prenge de null por fere son office sur peine de la greue 
forfeture le Rey. O. Et pur ceo 4 plusurs rettez de mort 
de home e 4 ^^^^ copables de mesme la mort se sont par 
fauorables enquestes prises par viscontes e par bref le Bey 
kest appele odio % atia repleuiz ieskes al ayre des Justices 
erraunz; purueu est 4 teles enquestes seient des Coruners 
prises par prodes homes esluz par sermSt dount les dens 
seient Obiualers al meins 4 P^ ^^^ affinite ne atouchent 
les ptes ne autrement ne seient sustenuz.^ C. PuruQU est 
enseroent 4 ^^ felons escriez e 4 ^^^ aptement de male 
fame e ne se voillent mettre en enquestes des felonies 4 
vm les met sure deuaunt Justices a la suite le Bey 4 ^ 
seient remis en la prison forte % dure come oeaus 4 refusent 
la cdmune ley de la tere, mes ceo nest mie a entendre por 
p%ons 4 sunt pris pur legiere suspeciun. C. Et le Bey 
defent 4 i^ul ne rauie ne prengne a force damoysele dedenz 
eage ne autre femme maugre seen e si nul le fet^ a la 
suite celi 4 suiwera dedenz les q^rante iours le Bey en 
fra oomune dreyture. Et si nul n«* oomence sa suite de denz 
quarante iours, le Bey ensiwera e ces qil entrouera oopablesi 
si aueront la p^n de deus aunz e puis serrut reinz a la 
Tolente le Bey. Et sil ne vnt dount estre reinz, a la 
volente le Bey si seyent puny par plus longe p^n solum 
ceo 4 Id trespas le demaunde. C. Pur ceo 4 ^^™ ^^d Yse 
de vtlaer en aukun pays la gent appellee del comaundemet 
force aide e recettement dedenz mesme le Pme 4 ^^^ deit 
vtlaer celui qest appele del fet, purueu est e g^te par le 
Bey 4 i^ul ne seit vtlae pur appel del comaundemet force 
aide ou reoettem^t iesqes ataunt 4 ^^ appele del fet seit 
ateint issi 4 vne mesme ley seit de ceo par tote la tere, mes 
celi 4 ftpde ne lease pas pur ceo de attacher son appel al 

^ SeeU saspetdnoB. Intoriinad. 

Xitt EDWAKt) I. 57 

oounter-roUs with the Coroners, as well of appeals, aa of inquests, attach- 
ments, and other things which to that office belong ; and that no Coroner 
demand or take any thing of any man for executing his office, upon pain 
of heavy forfeiture to the King. 

XL And forasmuch as many indicted of homicide, and who are loqneats of 
guilty of the same, by favourable inquests taken by the Sheriffs, and by ^'"^ 
the King's writ called Odio et Alia, are replevied until the eyre of the 
Justices in eyre; it is provided, that such inquests of Coroners be 
taken by discreet men chosen by oath (of whom two at the least to be 
knights), who are not connected with the prisoners by any affinity, nor 
are otherwise to be suspected. 

XII. It is provided also, that proclaimed felons, and those who are punishment of 
openly of ill fame, and will not put themselves in inquests of felonies {he ^nmi^°' 
that men put them on before the Justices at the King's suit, be sent to ^^« 

prison strong and hard, as those that refuse the Common Law of the 
land. But this is not to be understood in the case of prisoners who 
are taken on slight suspicion. 

XIII. And the King prohibits that any do ravish, or take by force, Rape, 
any maiden under age [either with her own consent, or without, or 

any wife or maiden of full age],^ or any other woman against her will ; 
and if any do this, the King shall do common right at the suit of him 
that will sue within forty days. And if none commence his suit within 
forty days, the King shall sue, and those who shall be found guilty, 
shall have two years' imprisonment, and after be fined at the King's 
pleasure ; and if they have not whereof to be fined at the King's 
pleasure, they shall be punished by longer imprisonment, according as 
the trespass requires. 

Xiy. Forasmuch as it has been used in some districts to outlaw Fioceedlngs In 
the person appealed of commandment, force, aid, and receipt within the *PP^- 
same term that he who is appealed of the deed should be outlawed ; 
it is provided and granted by the King, that none be outlawed upon 
appeal of conunandment, force, aid, or receipt, until he that is appealed 
of the deed be attainted, so that one and the same law be used therein 
through the whole land ; nevertheless he that appeals, by reason 

^ This addition appears In other HB8. 


pchein Oonte vera oeaus ausi bien com vers les appelez 
del fet, mes le exigende de eaus demeorge iesqes ataant 
4 les appelez del fet seient ateinz par vtlagherie ou 
autrement C. Pur ceo 4 les viseontes % autres qi vnt pris 
detenue en p^on genz rettez de felonies « meinte foiz ont 
lesse la gent 4 ^^ sunt raie repleuisables e ont detenuz en 
prison oeaus 4 estoient repleuisables par acbeson de gaigner 
des vns % de greiter les autres, Et p' ceo 4 ftaaiint oes vres 
ne fa mie Vmine ^inemSt quous furent repleuisables « 
queus noun, hors pris ceaus 4 estoient pris por mort de home 
ou par comaundement le Rej ou de ses Justices ou por 
la foi^este ; purueu est « comaunde par le Rej 4 ^^ prisons 
4 Eiunt auaunt vtlagez <(^ ceus 4 eient foriure la tore Prouurs 
toz^ 4 sont pris ou meinoure ceaus 4 ^^^ dei)esoe la p^n 
le Rey larons apertement escriez « notoyres « ceaus 4 aont 
appellez de prouurs taunt come le puur vist sil ne seient 
de bone fame e ces 4 sont ])ris pur arson felonessement fete 
ou p' fause moneye ou fauseours del seel le Rey ou esoomenge 
pris par priere le Eueske ou pur aperte mauueiste ou treson 
4 touche le Rey mt^sme ne seient on nule mafie repleuis- 
ables par le Gomun bref ne saunz brief, mais oeaus 4 soient 
enditez de larcin par enqueste des viseontes ou des bailliz 
prises de lur office ou pur legiere suspecion ou pur petit 
larcin 4 "^^ amonte a la value de duze doners sil ne seit 
rette de larcin auaunt eel houre ou rette de recettement 
des felons ou del comaundement ou de la force ou del aide 
fete ou des autres des trespas pur le quel om ne deit pdre 
vie ne membre, Et home appelle de prouur puis la mort 
le prouur sil ne seit apert laron escrie seit desoremes loose 
par suffisaunte pleuine dont le visconte veiUe respondre 
% ceo saunz rien doner de lour. Et si viseontes ou autres 
lessent par pleuine nul 4 ne seit repleuisables si ceo seit 
visconte Conestable ou autre baillif de feo 4 <^it garde des 



of this, Bhall not intermit the proeecution of his appeal at the next 
County Court against them, as well as against those appealed of the 
deed ; but that their exigent remain, imtil those who are appealed of 
the deed be attainted by outlawry or otherwise. 

XV. Forasmuch as sheriffs, and others, who have taken and kept Dallment of 

in prison persons accused of felonies, and frequently have let out 

such as were not repleviable, and have kept in prison such as 

were repleviable, because they would gain of the one and injure 

the other ; and forasmuch as before this time it was not certainly 

determined who were repleviable, and who not, but only those that 

were taken for homicide, or by command of the King, or of his justices, 

or for the forest; it is provided, and by the King commanded, that Offenders not 

the prisoners who before were outlawed, and those who have abjured 

the realm, approvers, all who are taken with the mainour,those who have 

broken the King's prison, thieves openly proclaimed and notorious, and 

those who are appealed of approvers, so long as the approver lives (if 

they be not of good fame), and such as are taken for arson feloniously 

done, or for false money, or for counterfeiting the King's seal, or persons 

excommunicate, taken at the request of the Bishop, or for manifest 

evil-doing, or treason touching the King himself, be in no wise 

repleviable by common writ, or without writ. But that those that Offenders 

are indicted of larceny, by inquests taken before sheriffs or bailiffs 

by reason of their office, or on slight suspicion, or for petty 

larceny that does not amount above the value of twelve pence, if 

they were not indicted of larceny aforetime, or indicted of receiving 

of felons, or of commandment, or force, or of aid given, or of other 

of the trespasses for which one ought not to lose life or limb, and 

a man appealed of an approver after the death of the approver (if he be 

not openly a proclaimed thief), from henceforth be let out by sufficient 

surety, whereof the sheriff will be answerable, and that without giving 

ought of their goods. And if the sheriffs, or others, let any go at large 

by surety, who are not repleviable, if he be sheriff, constable, or other 

bailiff of fee, that has keeping of prisoners, and thereof be attained, ho shall 


p^onfl e do oeo aeit ateint, perde le feo « la baillia a tos 
ioars. Et ai visconte Oonestable on boillif ou cell qad oel 
feo par garder les p^K>ii8 eit ceo fet saunz la volente son 
Bejgn' ou autre baillif ^ ne seit de feo, eit la p^n de treu 
aunz e seit reint a la volente le Bey. Et si nul detient les 
prisons repleuisables puis 4 1^ prison eit offert soffisannte 
senrte il serra en la greue fici le Bej. Et si 11 prent loner 
por le delinerer, il rendra le double al prison e ensement 
serra en la g^ue merci le Bey. 0. Endreit de oeo 4 aukunes 
gens pnent e prendre font les auers de autri e les enchacent 
hors del Conte ou les auers serront pris ; purueu est 4 ^^ 
ne le fiioe e si nul le fet, seit greuement reint solum 4 ^ 
est ooutenu en les cetatuz de marleberge fez en tens le 
Bey Henri piere le Bey 4 ore est. Et par mesme la manere 
seit fet de ceaus 4 pernent les auers e 4 ^ont destresce en 
autri feo plus greuement seient puniz si la manere del 
trespas le demaunde. 0. Purueu est ensemet 4 ^ ^^^ 
desoremes prengne les auers de autri e les face chacier a 
Ohastel ou a forcelet e ileokes dedenz le Clos del Chastel 
on del forcelet les deteingne encontre gage e plegge puis 
4 les auers sent solempnement demaunde par le yisconte 
ou par autre baillif le Bey a la suite del pleintif 4 le visconte 
ou le baillif pris oue lui poer de son Conte ou de sa baillie 
Yoyst asayer de fere la pleuine des auers a celui 4 P^"^ 
les auera ou a son seygn' ou as autres des homes son seygn' 
qi onqea seit troue ou les auers serrunt chaoez e si lem 
deforce, adonkes la deliuerance des auers ou kil ne troesse 
home pur le seygnur ou pur celuy 4 l^ auera pris qi en- 
respoingne e face la deliuerance apres ceo 4 ^yg^' ^^ pnur 
par visconte ou par baillif en serra amoneete sil est en pais 
ou pres ou kil porra par le pemur on par autre des seons 
couenablement estre gamiz de fere la deliuerance sil fust 
hors de eel pais q^t la prise fu fete e en face adonkes 

'^ Ott In other 


loee the fee and the bailiwick for ever. And if the sheriff, constable, or 
bailiff, or he who has such fee for keeping of prisoners, have done this 
without the will of his lord, or other bailiff that is not of fee, he shall have 
three years* imprisonment, and be fined at the King's pleasure. And 
if any detain repleyiable prisoners after that the prisoner have offered 
sufficient surety, he shall be in the grievous mercy of the King. And if 
he take reward for the deliverance, he shall pay doable to the prisoner, 
and also shall be in the grievous mercy of the King. 

XVI. Because that some persons take, and cause to be taken, the DlstTaMont 
beasts of another, and drive them out of the county where the beasts 

shall be taken, it is provided that none do so ; and if any do it, that he be 
heavily fined, according to what is contained in the Statutes of Marl- 
borough, made in the time of King Henry, father to the King that now is. 
And in the same manner that it be done to them who take beasts, and 
distrain in the fee of another, that they be more heavily punished, 
if the manner of the trespass do so require. 

XVII. It is provided also, that if any from henceforth take the beasts Bemedy If 
of another, and cause them to be daven into a castle or fortalice, and imponuded In 
there within the close of the castle or fortalice detain them against ^ ^^^^ 
gage and pledge, after that the beasts are solemnly demanded by the 

sheriff, or by some other bailiff of the King, at the suit of the plaintiff, 
the sheriff or bailiff, taking with him the posse of his county or of his 
bailiwick, attempt to make replevin of the beasts from him that shall 
have taken them, or from his lord, or from others, being men of his 
lord, whoever he he, found where the beasts shall be driven. And if any 
deforce him then of the deliverance of the beasts, or that no man 
be found for the lord, or for him who shall have taken them, who 
would answer and make the deliverance, after such time as the lord 
[or] taker shall be thereto warned by the sheriff or baiUff, if he be in the 
country, or near, or that he can be conveniently warned by the taker, 
or by any other of his own people to make deliverance, if he were out 
of that country when the taking took place, and did not then cause the 


meintenaunt les auers deliuercr 4 ^^ 1^7 por le despit e 
por le trespas face a batre le Chastiel ou le foroelet saunz 
releuer e tut le damage 4 ^^ pleintif auera receu de see a&s 
ou de son gaingaage desturbe ou en autre manere puis la 
p*mere demaunde des a&s fete par le visconie ou par le 
baillif li seient restorrez al double de celui qi les auera 
pris sil ad de quel. Et si nad de quei, del seygnur quel oure 
ou en quele mafie la deliueraunoe seit feiie apres ceo 4 1® 
visconte ou le baillif serra venu pur la deliueraunce fere. Et 
fet a sauer 4 ^^ ou le visconte deuora fere return del brief 
le Rej al baillif le seygn'' del Chastel ou del forcelet ou 
a autre a qi le return del brief le Rey a ceo apent^ Si le 
baillif de oele fraunchise ne face la deliuerance pui' qil 
leuera receu, eit le visconte eel office saunz delai si com il 
est auauntdit e sur lauaundite peine. Et par mesme la manere 
seit fet la deliuerance par attachemenz de pleinte fete saunz 
brief e sur mesme la peine, e ceo fet a entendre par tut la 
ou le brief le Rey Gurt. Et si ceo est en la marche de Gales 
ou aillurs la ou le brieff le Rey ne curt mie, le Rey qi en 
est souerein seygn** en f ra dreit a ceaus 4 pleinde se voudront 
C. Pur ceo 4 ^^ comune fin e le amerciement de tut le 
Gonte en eyre de Justices pur fans iugement ou por autre 
trespas est ossis par viscontes barators des Gontez malement 
ensint 4 ^^ somunse est meinte foiz encrue e les parcelea 
autremSt assises 4 ^'^^'^ °® deusent al damage del people e 
plusors foiz paie as viscontes barettors 4 point ne^ les aqiutent ; 
purueu est e voet li Reys 4 desoremes en eyre de Justices 
deuaunt eaus auaunt lor departir seit cele somonse assise par 
serement des Ghiualers e des prodes homes sor tuz ceaus 4 
eskoter ideueront e Justices f[acent]' mettre les parceres en 
lur estretes qil liueront al Escheker non pas la somdse totale. 
G. Eodreit des viscontes e autres 4 respoingnut par lour mayns al 
Escheker e qi vnt receu de les dettes le Rey henri piere le Rey 

^ InterUned. 
« OUStented. 


beasts to be straightway delivered, that the King, for the despite and 
the trespass, cause the castle or/ortalice to be battered down beyond 
recovery ; and all the damage that the plaintiff shall have sustained in his 
beasts, or in the disturbance of his wannage, or in any other manner, after 
the first demand for the beasts made by the sheriff or bailiff, be restored 
to him double by him who shall have taken them, if he have whereof. 
And if he have not whereof, that he have it of the lord, at what time, 
or in what manner the xleliverance be made, after that the sheriff or 
bailiff shall come to make deliverance. And it is to be understood, that 
whereas the sheriff ought to return the King*s writ to the bailiff, the 
lord of the castle, or fortalice, or to any other, to whom the return of 
the King's writ in this behalf belongs, if the bculiff of that franchise 
make not deliverance after that he shall have received it, then that 
the sheriff have that office without delay, as is aforesaid, and upon the 
aforesaid penalty. And in like manner that deliverance be made by 
attachments of plaint made without writ, and upon the same penalty ; 
and this is to be attended to in all places where the King's writ runs* 
And if this be done in the march of Wales, or in any other place, 
where the King's writ runs not, the King, who is Sovereign Lord, shall 
do right therein unto those who will make complaint. 

XVIII. Forasmuch as the common fine and amercement of the whole AsBesting of 
county, in the eyre of the justices, for false judgment, or for other tres- on the county, 
paw, are unjustly assessed by sheriffs barrators in the counties, so 
that the sununons is many times increased, and the parcels otherwise 
assessed than they ought to be, to the damage of the people, and many 
times payment is made to the sheriffs barrators, who do not acquit 
them ; it is provided* and the King wills, that from henceforth in the 
eyre of the justices, before them, prior to their departure, such summons 
be assessed by the oath of knights and good men, upon all those 
who ought to pay ; and that the justices cause the parcels to be put 
into their estreats, which they shall deliver to the Exchequer, and not 
the total summons. 

XIX With respect to the fi^erifb, or others, who answer by their Aoqiiittance of 
own hands to the Exchequer, and who have received the debts of King S p»ymtn?to 
Henry, father of the present Sang, [or the King's own debts before this Bherifl. 


4 ore eat e 4 ne ont mie les detturs aquite al Escheker; purueu est 
4 le Rey enueyra bone genz par tuz les Gontez a oyr tuz ioeaus 
4 de ceo pleindre se vodront e a Pminer ensint la bosoygne 4 
ceaus 4 purrut mostrer qil eyent ensint paiez, a tuz iourz en 
seront quites le ql 4 ^^ viscontes ou autres serront morz ou 
vifR en c^teine fourme 4 l^r serra bailie. Et oeaus 4 issint 
lauerunt fet sil seient en yye, serront puniz greuement e si il 
seient morz, lour heyres respoingnSt e seient chargez de la dette. 
Et oomaund le Rey 4 1^ viscontes e les autres auaundiz 
deaoremen loiaument aquitSt les detturs al prochein acounte 
puis q il auera la dette receu e adonkes seit la dette aloue al 
Escheker issi 4 ^^ ivengne en somonse. Et si visconte 
autrenient le face e de ceo seit ateint, si rendra al ])1eintif le 
trebble de ceo qil aue[ra d]^e lui receu e seit reint a la volente le 
Bey. Et bien se garde chekun qil eit tiel receuour por qi il 
Youdra respondre kar le Rey se pr@dra del tut as viscontes e a 
lur heyrs. Et si autre 4 respoingne par sa mayn al Escheker 
la face, si rende le treble al pleintif e seit reint en mesme la 
nianere. Et 4 ^^ viscontes facent tailles a tuz ceaus 4 li 
paoront la dette le Rey e 4 la somonse del Escheker a tuz les 
detturs 4 demaunder voudront la veue lor face mostrer sauz 
vier le anuli ; e ceo saunz rien doner e ki nel fra, le Rey se 
prendra a li greuousement. C. Purueu est de meffesors de 
parks e de viuers 4 si nul seit de ceo ateint par la suite le 
pleintif seient esgarde bones e hautes amendes solum la 
manere del trespas e la p^son de treys aunz, e de illoekes 
seit reint a la volente le Rey sil ad dont estre issint reint e 
lors truisse bone seurte 4 mes ne mefface et sil nad dont estre 
reint apres la p^son de treis aunz, tix>ue mesme la seurte. Et 
sil ne puisse trouer la seurte, foriui^ge le reaume. Et si nul 
de ceo seit rette seit futif e ne eit tere ne tenement par 
quei il puise estre Justize; si tost come le Rey auera ceo 
troue par enqueste bono seit demaunde de Counte en Counte. 



time],* and have not acquitted the debtors in the Exchequer ; it is pro- 
Tided, that the King shall send good men through all the counties, to hear 
all those vfho wish to complain thereof, and to determine the business in 
such a manner that those who can prove that they have so paid, be thereof 
acquitted for ever (whether the Sherifis or others be dead or living), in a 
certain form that shall be delivered them. And that those who have [not] 
so done (if they be living) shall be heavily punished ; and if they be dead, 
that their heirs answer, and be charged with the debt. And the King 
commands, that Sherifis and others aforesaid, from henceforth lawfully 
acquit the debtors on the next account after they shall have received the 
debt ; and then the debt be allowed in the Exchequer, so that it come 
no more into the summons. And if the Sheriff do otherwise, and thereof 
be attainted, he shall pay to the plaintiff thrice as much as he shall have 
received of him, and be fined at the Sang*s pleasture. And let each 
take heed, that he have such a receiver as he will answer for ; because 
the King will take account of everything from the Sheriffs and their 
heirs. And if any other, that is answerable to the Exchequer by his 
own hand so do, he shall render treble to the pl^ntiff, and be fined in 
like manner. And that the Sheriffs make tallies tor all those who shall Tallies of 
pay their debt to the King ; and that the summons of the Exchequer P^Tin^^t. 

be shewed to all debtors that will demand a sight thereof, without ^SH^^HJ^ 

o summons. 

denying any, and that without giving anything ; and from him that 
will not do so, the King shall take heavily. 

XX. It is provided in the case of trespassers in parks and vivaries» TremsKn In 
that if any be thereof attainted at the suit of the plaintiff, good and sub- vivarles. 
stantial damages be awarded according to the manner of the trespass, 
and that they have three years' imprisonment, and after be fined at 
the King's pleasure, if he have whereof to be so fined, and then find 
good surety, that he will not trespass again; and if he have not whereof 
to pay the fine, after three years' imprisonment, that he find like surety ; 
»nd if he cannot find the surety, that he abjure the realm. And if 
any accused tiiereof be fugitive^ and have no land or tenement whereby 
he may be made amenable to justice, so soon as the King shall find it 
by good inquest, that proclamation be made from county [court] to 

' This addition occurs in an English Exchequer M3, 



Et si nul ne veut venir seit vtlae. £fc purueu est 4 bI nul 
ne suit dedenz Ian e le iour puis le tresjias fet, le Bey 
auera la suite. Et oeaus 4 ^ entrouera rettez de ceo par 
bone enqueste, serront puniz par mesme la manere en tuz 
poinz si com desiis est dit. Et si nul tiel meffcsor seit ateint 
qil eit pris en parks bestes damasches ou autre chose en 
manere de Roberie en venaunt ou en demoraunt oa en 
retournant seit fet de lui comune lei com apiert a celui 4 
est ateint de aperte roberie e larcin ausi bien a la suite le 
Bey come de autre. C. Endreit des teres des heyrs de denz 
age 4 sont en la garde lur seygnur ; purueu est 4 les gardeins 
les gardent % sustengnent saunz destruction fere en tote ries. 
Et 4 ^^B maneres do gardes seit fet en tuz poinz solum 
ceo 4 il ^^ contenu en la graunt chartre des fraonchiBes 
le Bey henri piere le Bey 4 ore est, e issi seit usee desoremes 
e par mesme la manere seient gardez les Erceueschees 
Euescbees Abbeyes Eglises % dignetiez en tens de vacacions. 
C. Des heyrs dedenz age saunz le Gre de lur gardeins 
auaunt le age de q^torze aunz seit fet solum ceo qil est 
cotenu en la porueaunce de Mertoii. Et de ceo 4 ftront 
mariez saunz le gre de lur gardeins puis qil aueront passe 
q^torze aunz, le gardein eit la double value de son manage 
solum la tenur de mesme la porueaunce. Estre ceo 4 oeaus 
qi aueront sostret le manage rendent la dreite value del 
manage al gardein por le trespas, Et ia le meins le Bey eyt 
les amendes solum mesme oele porueaunce de celi 4 lauera 
issi sustret C. Des heyrs femeles puis 4 eles aueront 
acumpliz le age de ziiij aunz, Et le seygn' a ki le manage 
apent ne ]e voudra marier mes pur coueitise de la tore la 
vodra tenir desmarie; purueu est 4 le seygn' ne puise auer 
ne tenir par acheson del manage la tore a eels heyrs femeles 
outre deus aunz apres le Pme des auauntdiz quatorze aunz. 
Et si le seygn' dedenz eels deus aunz ne les mai*ie donkes 
eyent eles action de recouerir lor heritage quitement saunz 
ren doner por la garde e por le manage. Et si eles par 
malice ou par mauueys conseil ne se veillent par lor chief 


oounty [court] ; and if he will not come, that he be outlawed. It is pro- 
vided that if any sue not within the year and day after the trespass com- 
mitted, the King shall have the suit ; and those whom he shall find 
guilty thereof by lawful inquest, shall be punished in like manner in all 
points as aboye-said. And if any such trespasser be attainted, that he 
has taken tame beasts, or any other thing, in parks, by way of robbery. Bobberies 
in coming, tarrying, or returning, that the Common Law be executed ^ ^'^ °* 
upon him, as upon him that is attainted of open robbery and theft, as 
well at tiie suit of the King, as of another. 

XXI. With respect to lands of heirs under age, who are in wardship t^,>ii, ^q wbi^ 
of their lord ; it is provided that the guardians keep and maintain ^J^ ^^^ 
them (the lands) without making desl^uction of any thing ; and that 
in the case of such manner of wards it be done in all points, as is contained 
in the great Charter of Liberties of King Henry, father to the King 
that now is, and that it be so used from henceforth. And in the same 
manner that Archbishoprics, Bishoprics, Abbacies, Churches, and 
Dignities be kept in time of vacancy. 

XXIL In the case of heirs [married] under age, without the consent Maniage of 
of their guardians, before the age of fourteen years, that it be done ^**^ 
according as is contained in the Provision of Merton. And of those 
that shall be married without the consent of their guardians, after they 
shali have passed fourteen years, that the guardian have double the 
value of their marriage, according to the tenor of the said Provision. 
Moreover, that those who shall have withdrawn their marriage, pay 
the right value of the marriage unto their guardian for the •trespass ; 
and nevertheless that the King have the amends, according to the same 
Provision, of him who shall have so withdrawn. 

In the case of heirs female, after they shall have attained the age of Marriage ol 
fourteen years, and the lord, to whom the marriage belongs, will not '*"*■*• ^iirnsaB, 
many them» but for greed of the land will keep them unmarried ; it is 
provided, that the lord cannot* by reason of marriage, have or keep 
the land of such heirs female more than two years after the term of the 
said fourteen years. And if the lord within the said two years do not 
marry them, then that they have an action to recover their inheritance 
quit* without giving any thing for their wardship, and marriage. 
And if they of malice, or by evil counsel, will not be married by their 

F 2 


seygn^ marier ou eles ne seient desparagez, q le seygn' tiengne 
la tere e le heritage i«sqea al age del madle oest a sauer 
de vint vn an e out^ taunt qil eit pris la value del manage. 
C. Purueu est ensement 4 ^^ ^^^^ Burg vile feire marche 
ne aeit nul home forein 4 ^^^ cle ceet reaume destreint 
[p' dette]^ dont il ne seit dettur ou plegge^ e qi le fim, il 
serra greuement puni e saunz delai de la destresoe deliuere 
par les par les' Baillifs del lui ou par autres baillifs le Rey. 
C. Purueu est ensement 4 ^^^ eschetur visoonte ne autre 
baillif le Key par colur de son offioe saunz especial garaunt 
ou comaundement ou A^ein auctorite 4 ftpent a son offioe ne 
deseisse nul houme de son fraunk tenement ne de chose 4 
touche fraunk tenement £t si nul le fet, seit a la voiente 
le desaisi 4 le Hey de son office le face amender a sa pleinte 
ou qil eyt comune lei par brief de nouele deseisine. Et 
celui 4 serra de ceo ateint il rendra les damages' a mesme 
le pleintif e serra en la greue iSci le Bey. C. Nul ministre 
le Rey ne mainteingne par li ne par autre les plez poles 
ou bosoingnes 4 sont en la Court le Bey de teres tenemenz 
ou de autre chose por auer part de ceo ou autre pfit par 
oouenaunt fet entre eaus, e qi le fra seit puni a la voiente 
le Bey. C. Et 4 ^^^ visconte ne autre ministre le Bey 
ne prenge louer por fere son office mes seient paiez de ceo 
qil prengent del Bey, e qi le fra, rendra le double e serra 
puni a la volete le Bey. C. Et 4 Rul Clerk de Justice de 
Eschetour ou de enquerour nule ries ne prengne por linerer 
Chapitres hors pris solement Clers des Jiuriices en lour eyre 
e ceo deus souz de cheskun Wapentacke Hundred ou vile 
4 respount par duze ou par sis solum ceo 4 auncienemet 
fut vsee. Et qi autrement le fra, rendra le treble de ceo 
qil auera pris e pdra la fuice son seygn' par vn an. C. Et 
4 nul Clerk de Bey ne de ses Justices ne receiue desoremes 
presentement de Eglise dont plai ou oontek seit en la Court 

1 1n anodier MS. 

* Words repeated in MS. 

» !phree other SfSS, r«^ dot^bU bere. 


chief lord where they be not disparaged, then the lord may hold the 
land and inheritance until they have attained the age of an heir male, 
that is to say, of one and twenty years, and further until they have 
taken the value of the marriage. 

XXTTT. It is provided also, that in city, burgh, town, fair, or Digtress for 
market, no man, who may be foreign of this realm* be distrained ^^^J***"** 
[fox any debt] for which he is not debtor or pledge ; and whosoever shall 
do it, that he be heavily punished, and without delay the distress be 
delivered by the bailiiSB of the place, or by other the King's bailifb. 

XXiy. It is provided also, tliat no Escheator, Sheriff, or other Bailiff Unlawful 
of the King, by colour of his office, without special warrant or command, King^i officers, 
or authority certain pertaining to his office, disseise any man of his 
freehold, or of any thing belonging to his freehcdd. And if any do this, 
that it be at the will of the disseisee, whether the King by his office cause 
it to be amended at his complaint, or that he sue at Common Law by a 
writ of NoffdDisseisin, And that he who shall be attainted thereof pay 
[double] the damages to the plaintiff, and be in the grievous mercy of the 

XXV. That no officer of the King by himself or by; another maintain Champerty hf 
pleas, suits, or matters which are in the King's Courts, for lands, tene- ^^*^ *^"' 
ments, or other things, so as to have part thereof or other profit by 
covenant made between them ; and he that does tlus, shall be punished 

at the King's pleasure. 

XXVI. And that no Sheriff, or other the King's officer, take any ExtoitUmby 
reward for executing his office, but that they be paid of that which they King's offlooro. 
take of the King ; and he that shall so do, shall yield twice as much, and 

be punished at the Bling's pleasure. 

XX Vn. And that no clerk of a Justice, Escheator, or Inquisitor, jBxtortion by 
take any thing for delivering articles, but only clerks of Justices in clerks of 
their eyre, and for this two shillings, of every wapentake, hundred, or 
vin that answers by twelve, or by six, according as it has been used of 
old time ; and he that does contrary shall pay thrice as much as he 
shall have taken, and lose the service of his lord for one year. 

XXVin. And that no clerk of the King, or of his Justices, from MaJntenaoca 
. henceforth receive the presentation of a church, as to which any plea *>yoffloer8 of 

70 EARLY statutes O^ IRtiLANb. 

le Rej saunz le especial conge le Key e ceo defeat le Rej 
Bour peine de perdre son fuice. C. Et 4 ^^ Cleric de 
Justice ne de visconte ue meintengne parties en quereles 
ne en besoignes ^ sont en la Court le Rey ne fraude ue 
face par c5mune dreiture delaer ou destorbier. Et si nul le 
fet il serra puni par la peine plus-pcheinement dite ou par 
plus greuouse si le trespas le requiert. C. Puinieu est 
easement <| si nul liaunt Cotour ou autre face nul nianere 
deceyte ou collusion 4 ^^^ ^^ ^ Court le Rey ou oosente 
de fere la en deceyte de la Court por engingner la Court 
ou la partie, e de ceo seit ateint, lors eyt la prison de vn 
an e de vn lour e mes ne seyt oy en la Court a conter pur 
nuly. Et si ceo est autre 4 Contour par mesme la manere 
eyt la prison de vn an e de vn iour almeins. Et si I0 
trespas demaunde greinure peine seit a la volente le Rey. 
C. Pur ceo 4 toiuIb de genz se pleingnent 4 ^^ &iunz 
Criurs de feo e les autres uiarchals des Justices en eyre^ 
des Justices pnent atort deners de oeaud 4 recourent seisine 
de tere ou 4 gaing^ent lour quereles des fins leuez des Jurours 
vilees prisons e des autres attachez al pie de la Coroune 
autrement 4 ^^^^ ^^ deussent en mulz de maneres, Et de 
ceo qil iad plus graunt nouinbre de ceaus 4 c^uer ne deust, 
par quei le pople est malement greue, le Rey 4 tiels choses 
ne seient fetes desoremes, e si nul seriaunt de fee le face le 
office seit pris en la main le Rey. Et si marescbaus des 
Justices le facent, seient puniz greuement a la volente 
le Rey, e a tuz les pleintifs lun e lautre rendra le 
treble de ceo qil auera issi pris. C. De ceaus 4 pement 
outhouse tounuz enconti-e cdmiin vsage del reaume ou ville 
marcbaunde ; p'ueu est 4 si nul le face en la Court le Rey 
niesme 4 '^^^ ^ ^^ ferme, le Rey prendia la fHinchise del 
marche en sa mein. Et si ceo est autri vile e ceo seit fet par 
le seygn*^ de mesme la vile le Rey le fra par mesme la manere. 
Et si ceo fet par le baillif sauz coniaundement le seygn', il 

I Another MS. reftdn et de* autru here. 

Xin. EDWARD I. 71 

or debate is in the King's court, without special licence of the King ; 
and this the King forbids, upon pain of losing his service. 

And that no clerk of any Justice or Sheriff, maintain parties in any 
quarrels or matters which are in the King's court, or work any fraud, 
whereby common right may be delayed or disturbed. And if any so 
do, he shall be punished by the penalty last aforesaid, or more heavily, if 
the trespass do so require. 

XXIX It is provided also, that if any Serjeant counter, or other, Deoeitoby 
do any manner of deceit or collusion in the King's Court, or consent to 
make it, in deceit of the Court, to beguile the Court, or the party, and 
thereof be attainted, he be imprisoned for a year and a day, and from 
thenceforth be not heard to plead in Court for any one. And if he be 
other than a counter, that he be imprisoned in like manner for a year 
and a day at lecut ; and if the trespass require greater punishment, it 
shall be at the King's pleasure. 

XXX. Forasmuch as many complain that the Serjeants criers of Extortion by 
fee, and the marshals of the Justices in eyre [and of other] ^^^ ^^ 
Justices take money wrongfully of those who recover seisin of land, or 
of them that gain their suits, of fines levied of jurors, towns, 
prisoners, and of others attached upon pleas of the Crown, otherwise than 
they ought to do, in divers manners ; and forasmuch as [the Justices] have 
a greater number of them than they ought to have, whereby the people 
are sore grieved. The King [forbids] that such things be. done from 
idenoeforth ; and if any Serjeant of fee does it, his office shall be taken 
into the King's hand. And if the Justices' marshals do it, they shall 
be heavily punished at the King's pleasure ; and as well the one as the 
other shall pay to the complainants the treble value of what they 
shall have so taken. 

yyYT Touching those who take excessive toU, contrary to the com- Excessive toll 
mon custom of the realm, in market-towns ; it is provided, that if any £^|^^^ 
do so in the court of the King himself, which is in fee-farm, the 
King shall take into his own hand the franchise of the market. And if it 
be another's vill, and that this be done by the lord of the same vill, that 
the King shall do in like manner. And if it be done by the bailiff, without 


rendra ataunt por la outraiouse prise com il vousist auer pris 
de li si il eusfc enporte son tounu, e ouesqes oeo il auera la 
I^n de xl ioure. C. Des Citeins e des Burgejs a ki le Bey oo 
son piere ad g*nte murage por lor vile enclore, £t 4 ^^'^ 
murage prengnet autrement qil lor est g^nte, e de oeo seit 
ateint; purueu est qil perdent cele grace de tut le tens ^ serra 
auenir e serrut en la greuouse merci le Rej. C. De oeaus ^ 
pnent vitaile ou uule riens a1 eos le Rey a creaunoe on a 
gamison del Chastel or aillurs [e k*nt il ount reoeu le 
paiement a la chekere, en garderobe ou aillon]^ deteingnet 
la paie des creaunceors a g*nt damage de eaus en esdaundre 
del Bey; purueu est 4 ceaus 4 ont teres % tenemenz 4 meinten- 
aunt seit ceo leue de lour teres « de lur chateaua % paie as 
creaunceors oue le damage qil aueront eus e seient reinz por 
lur tresi)as e sil neient teres ne tenemez, seient en p^n a la 
Yolente le Bey. C. De oeaus 4 paent ptie des dettes le Bey ou 
autres louers pernent des creaunceors le Bey por fere la paie 
de mesme odes dettes; purueu est qil rendent le double e 
seient puniz greuement a la volente le Bey. C. De ceaus 4 
pernent chiuaus ou Charettes a fere les cariages le Bey plus 
4 mester ne serroit e pernent louer pur relesser les chiuaus on 
les charettes ; purueu est 4 si nul de la Court le face, il serra 
greuement chastie par les mareschaus e si ceo seit fet hors de 
la Curt ou par autre q il seit ateint si rendra le treble e serra 
en la p^son le Bey xl lours. C. Purueu est 4 nul visoonte ne 
seoffre baretour meintenir paroles en Conte ne seneschaus de 
g^t seygnurs ne autre sil ne seit attome son seygnur a suite 
fere ne rendre les Jugemenz des Contez ne pronucier les 
Jugemenz sil ne seit especialment prie ^ requis de ceo fere 
de tuz les suitiers e les attomez des suifs 4 i serront a la 
Jomeie e si nul le face, le Bey se prendi*a greuousement e al 
visconte e a luy. C. Pui* ceo 4 plusors vnt souent troue « conte 
com troueurs dont descord % manere de descord ad este souent 
entre le Bey e son pople ou aukuns^ homes de son rcaume est 

* This Bentence oGcan in all tbc other M88. and old printed oopica 
' Foar otlier USS. read hauUa here. See Stat. Realm. 


the command of the 1(»d, he shall reetore as mnoh for the exoessive 
taking, as he would have taken of him, if he had carried away his toll, 
and morooTer have forty days imprisonment. 

Touching citizens and burgesses, to whom the King or his father Murage, 
had granted murage to enclose their vills, and who take such murage 
otherwise than it was granted unto them, and thereof are attainted ; 
it is provided that tiiey lose that privilege for all time to come, and be in 
the grievous mercy of the King. 

XXXTI. Concerning those who take yictnab or other things to the Defaults of 
King's use on credit, or for the provisioning of a castle, or otherwise, l*^"^^*'"- 
[and when they have received payment in the Exchequer, in the ward- 
robe, or elsewhere], they with-hold it from the creditors, to their 
great damage, and discredit of the King ; it is provided that in the case 
of those that have lands and tenements, it be immediately levied of 
their lands, and of their goods, and paid to the creditors, with the 
damage they shall have sustained, and that they be fined for their 
trespass ; and if they have no lands or tenements, that they be im- 
prisoned at the King's wilL 

Conoeming those who take part of the King's debts, or take other re- purchasing the 
wards of the King's creditors to make payment of the same debts ; Kmjsdewt. 
it is provided, that they pay the double thereof, and be heavily punished 
St the King's pleasure. 

Gonceming those who take horses or carts for the King's carriage purveyance of 
mOTe than need be, and take rewards for releasing such horses or carts ; ^^S"^"^ 
it is provided, that if any of the Court so do, he shall be heavily 
punished by the marshals ; and if it be done out of the Courts or by 
another and he be thereof attainted, he shall pay treble, and remain 
in the King's prison forty days. 

XXXTTI. It is provided, that no Sheriff suffer any barrator to maintain Barrators at 
suits in the county [court], neither seneschals of great lords, nor other ^'"'^ CJonna. 
(unless he be attorney for his lord) to make suit, or to give judgments 
in the county [courts], or to pronounce judgments, if he be not specially 
prayed and required to do this by all the suit<»B, and attorneys of the 
suitors, who shall be in Court ; and if any do so, the King shall 
punish heavily both the Sheriff and him. 

XXXIV. Forasmuch as many are oftentimes found and accounted Slanderous 
inventors of tales, on account of whom discord, and occasion of '^P^'^^ 
discord, have many times arisen between the King and his people, 
or some [great] men of his realm ; by reason of the injury that has 


defendu pur 1e damage 4 ^ ^^ ^ vncore purreit auenir ^ 
desorenauaunt nul ne aeit si hard! de dire ne de contier nale 
fause nouele ou controueure dont nul desoord ou maniere de 
desoord ou desclaundre puisse sourdro entre le Rey e son pople 
ou les hauz houmes de son reaume, Et ki le fra, seit pris « 
detenuz en pHM)n iesqes ataunt 4 il eit troue oeluy en la Court 
dont la parole serra men. 0. Des hauz houmes e lour bailliz e 
des autres hors pris les ministres le Rey qi especiale auctorite 
est done de ceo fere 4 & ^ pleinte de aukiins ou par lur 
auctorite demeine attachent autres ou lour biens trespasaunz 
par lour peer a respondre deuaut eaus des Contraks 
oouenauntes e des trespas fet hor de lour pouer e iurisdiction 
la ou il ne tiengnent rien de eaus ne dedenz la fraunchise ou 
lour peer est en ^iudice le Rey e de la ooroune e al damage 
del pople ; purueu est 4 nul desoremes nel face, Et aukun le 
fet il rendra a celui 4 serra attache son damage al double e 
serra en la greue mere! le Rey. C. Pur ceo 4 auaunt ces vres 
ne fut vnkes resonable aide a fere fiuz chiualers ou a fiUea 
marier mise en c^tein ne q*nt ele deuoit estre prise ne quel 
houre par quel les vns leuerent outraiouse aide plus tost 4 ne 
sembloit mesP dont le pople se senti greuee; purueu est 4 
desoremes de fee de chiualer entier solement seient donez vint 
souz e de vint liurees de tere tenues par socage vint souz e de 
pl^ plus e de meins, solum le afferaunt e 4 nul ne puisse leuer 
tiel aide de fere son fiuz chiualer taunt 4 son fiz seit de age 
de quinze aunz ne a sa fille marier taunt 4 ele seit de age de 
set aunz, Et de ceo serra fet mencion en le brief le Rey 
forme sur ceo qHit il le veiile demaunder. Et sil auent 4 le 
piere q*nt il auera leue tiel ayde de ses tenaunz meorge auaunt 
4 il eyt sa fille marie les essecutors le piere seient tenuz a la 
fille entaunt com le piere auera receu e si les biens ne soffisent, 
le heir seit tenu de ceo a la fille. C. Purueu est % acorde 
ensement 4 si nul houme seit ateint de deseissine fete en tens 
le Rey 4 ore est ou roberie de nul maner de chatel ne de 
meoble par reconisaunce de assise de nouele deseisine le 
iugement seit tiel 4 ^^ pleintif recouera sa seisine e ses 

Xlll. EDWARD L 75 

ftnd stiil may happen, it is forbidden, that from hencefortli any be bo 
preBumptuous as to tell or publish any false news or tale, whereby 
discord, or occasion of discord or slander may grow between the King 
and his people, or the great men of his realm ; and he that shall so 
do, that he be taken and kept in prison, nntil he haye brought into 
Coort, him by whom the tale shall have been set in motion. 

XXXV. Concerning great men and their bailiffs, and others (the Paniihmeot 
King's officers excepted, nnto whom special authority is given to the lawful 
do BO) who at the complaint of some, or by their own authority, attach f^i|[^hti^" ^ 
others passing with their goods through their jurisdiction, to answer 

before them of contracts, covenants, and trespasses, done out of their 
power and jurisdiction, where they hold nothing of them, or within 
the franchise, where their power is, in prejudice of tiie King and his 
crown, and to the damage of the people ; it is provided, that none from 
henceforth do so ; and if any so do, he shall pay to him who shall be 
attached, his damages double, and shall be in the grievous mercy of the 

XXXVI. Forasmuch as heretofore, there was not any reasonable aid. Aids for 

for making sons knights, nor for 'marrying daughters, arranged for and marriage. 

certain, neither how much should be taken nor at what time, whereby 

some levied excessive aid, [and] sooner than seemed necessary, whereby 

the people felt themselves grieved ; it is provided that henceforth of the 

whole fee of a knight, twenty shillings only be given, and of twenty 

librates of land held in socage, twenty shillings, and of more, more ; 

and of less, less, according as they assess it; and that none can levy 

such aid for making his son a knight until his Bon be fifteen years of 

age, nor for marrying his daughter until she be of the age of seven 

years; and that mention be made of that in the King's writ founded 

thereupon, when any will demand it And if it happen that the father, 

after he shall have levied such aid of his tenants, die before he has 

married his daughter, that the executors of the father be bound to the 

daughter for so much as the father shall have received, and if [the 

father's] goods be not sufficient, that the heir be bound therein to 

the daughter. 

XXXvIL It IB provided also and agreed, that if any man be attainted Disseisin with 
of disseisin done in the time of the King that now is, with robbery of ^[d^Moro!^ 
any manner of goods or movables, by recognition of assise of Novd 
disseitin, the judgment be such, that the plaintiff recover his 


damages ausi biea des chateaus e del moeble auauntdit oom 
del eel, £t le deseisisar seit reini le quel 4 ^ seit ^aent oa 
noun, iasi 4 si ii seit en^set primes seit agarde a la prison. £t 
par mesme la manere seit fet de desetsine fet a force « armes 
tut ne face om roberie. C. Pur ceo 4 aukune genz de la tere 
doutent meins de faire fiftus foment 4 ^ere ne deussent p' quel 
m>ilt de gent sont desheritez e pdent lour droit ; pumeu est 4 
desoremes le Bei de -son office dorra ivteintes sur les enquestes 
en plai de tere ou de fraunchise [ou de chose]^ 4 louche 
fraunk tenement q*nt il li semblera 4 bosoigne seit. G. Et 
pur ceo 4 lo ^^^"^ ^^ ii^^l^ passe puis 4 l*s briefii de snz 
nomeez furent aut^iz limitez; purueu est 4 om oonte de 
decente en le brief de dreit 4 ^^ ^'^ seit oy por demaunder 
la seisine son auncestre de plus lointein seisine 4 ^^ ^^^ 
le Rey Richard oncle le piere le Rey 4 ore est^ e 4 io brief 
de nouele deseisine e de porpartie 4 ^^ apelle nnp obiit 
eient le terme puis le primer passage le Rey Henry piere 
nostre seign' le Rey 4 ore est en Gascoyngne. Et lo brief 
de mort dauncestre de oosinage del Ael e de entre e brief 
de Neiuete eyent le Fme del Corounemet le Rey Henri e 
ne mie auaunt, mes 4 ^^2 les briefii ore aparmesme* ou 4 
lem p>^chaoera entre ci e la seint Johan en tu an seient 
pledez del tens 4 anaunt soleient estre pleidez. 0. Et pur 
ceo 4 niulz de genz sont delaez de loar dreit pur fansement 
Toucher gaiuunt; purueu est en brief de possession tut a 
primes si com en brief de mort dauncestre cosinage del Ael 
nup obiit de entrusion e en autres briefs semblables par 
les queus teres ou tenemenz seient demadez 4 deiuent 
decendre reuertir remeindi'e ou escheir par mort dauncestre 
ou de autre 4 si le tenaunt vouche a garaunt e le demaundaunt 
le centre pleide e veille avenger par assise ou par pais ou 
en autre manere si com la Court le Rey agardera 4 lo 
tenat ou son auncestre qi heyr il est fust le primer ki entra 
apres la mort celui qi seisine il demaunde, seit la Terrement 

1 7h€8e words occur in another M8. 
' Purchatez in another MS. 


and hiB damages, as well of the goods and movables aforesaid, as of it 
[the freehold], and the disseisor be fined, whether he be present or not, 
provided that if he be present, he be first committed to prison. And 
that in like manner it be done of disseisin with force and arms, 
although it be nol done with robbery. 

XXXVIIL Forasmnoh as certain people of the land hesitate less Attaints on 
than they ought to^ about taking a false oath, whereby many are dis- pi^as of land, 
herited, and lose their right ; it is provided, that the King, of his office* 
from henceforth grant attaints upon Inquests in plea of land, or of 
franchise, [or of anything] touching freehold, when it shall seem to 
him necessary. 

XXXIX. And forasmuch as it is a long time since the writs under- Llmltatlona of 
named were formerly limited ; it is provided, that [in] the narration PJ*«*»Pw®'^' 
of descent in a writ of Right, none be heard to demand the seisin 
of his ancestor, as to a seisin earlier than the time of King Richard, 
uncle to the father of the King that now is ; and that the writ of Novel 
Disseisin, and that of Purpartt/f which is called Nuper Obiitt have their 
limitation from the first voyage of King Henry, father to our lord the 
KJng that now is, into Gascony. And that the writ of Mart^ancesior, 
of Cosenage, of Aidy of EnJbryt and of Neifty, have their limitation from 
the coronation of King Henry, and not before. Nevertheless that all 
writs now purchased or that shall be purchased between this and the 
feast of St. John, for one year, be pleaded as from the time that hereto- 
fore they have been used to be pleaded. 

XL. Forasmuch as many people are delajred of their right by false Vouohing to 
-vouching to warranty ; it is provided, that in writs of Possession, first ^*^'*°*^' 
of an, as in writs of MarkTaneestor, Cosena^ Aid, Nuper Obiit, In- 
trusionf and other like writs, whereby lands or tenements are demanded 
which ought to descend, revert» remain, or escheat by the death of an 
ancestor, or of other, if the tenant vouch to warranty, «nd the 
demandant counterplead him, and will aver by assise, or by the country, 
or otherwise, as the King's Court shall award, that the tenant, or his 
ancestor (whose heir he is) was the first that entered after the death of 
him, the seisin of whom he demands ; that the averment of the demand- 


del deroaundaunt receu si le tonaunt le veille atendre; si 
oeo noun, seit bote vtre a autre reepons sil ne eit son garaunt 
en present 4 il voille graunter de son gre e meintenaunt 
entrer en respons aauae al demaundaut ses exceptions encontre 
li sil voille voucher outre com il auoit auaunt com le primer 
teoaunt. C. De rechief en totes maneres des briefs de 
Entre font mencion des degroz 4 i^ul desoremes ne voucho 
hors de la lingne. En auti« briefs de entre 4 l& ou nule 
mencion nest fet des degrez les qneus briefs ne soient 
sostenuz fors la ou les auaundiz briefe des degrez ne poent 
gisir ne lui tenir de dreyt. C. Et on brief de dreit purueu 
est 4 si le tenaunt vouche a garaunt e le demaundaunt le 
yeille contrepleider e seit prest de anerr^ par pays 4 oo^i 4 
est Youche ou ses auncestres vnkes naueyent seiaine de la 
tere ou del tenement demaunde fee ne Juise par la meyn 
le tenaunt ou de see auncestres puis le tens oely de qi seisine 
le demaundaunt conte iesqes al tens 4 1® brief fu purchace 
« le pie meu, par quei il poent auerrer 4 le tenaunt ou ses 
auncestreM feoffez seit lavorrenent del demaundaunt receu 
si le tenaunt le voille attendre. Si ceo noun, seit le tenaunt 
bote a autre respons sil neit son garaunt en^sent qil voille 
garauntir de son gre et meintenaunt entrer en respons 
sauue al demaundaunt ses excepcions encountre li si com 
il auoit auaunt encontre le primer tenaunt. Et lauauntdit 
excepcion eit lui en brief de mort de aunoestre e en autres 
briefs auaunt nomez ausi bien com en briefe 4 touchent 
droit Et si le tenaunt par cas eyt ohartro de garauntie 
de autre houme de coste 4 ^ ^^^ oblige en nul de les 
auauntdiz cas a la gai-aimtie de son eindegre sauue li 
seit son recouerir par brief de garauntie de chartre de la 
Channcelerle le Bey q*nt il voudra purchacer mes 4 le plai 
ne seit per ceo delaio. C. De fment de Cbampyona est 
porueu pur ceo 4 relement anient 4 le Champion al demaun- 
daunt ne seit piurs einz ceo 4 il ^^^^ 4 ^^ ou son piere vit 
la seisine son seyngn' ou de son auncestre, e son piere lui 
comaunda fere la desrene 4 ^^ ^^ seit le Champion al 


ant be received, if the tenant will abide thereby, and if not, that he be 

farther put to another answer, if he have not his warrantor present, 

who will freely warrant him, and immediately enter in answer, saving 

to the demandant his exceptions against him, if he will vouch over, as 

he had before in the case of the first tenant. 

That from henceforth in all manner of writs of Entry [which] make In writs of 

mention of degrees, none vouch out of the line. In other writs of vo^her out 

Entry where no mention is made of degrees ; such write shall not be °' **** ^"•' 

maintained, save where the aforesaid writs of degrees cannot lie, nor 

of right hold place. 

And in a writ of Right it is provided, that if the tenant vouch to Counter- 

Dloadinfif to 
warranty, and the demandant will counterplead him, and be ready to youcher in 

aver by the country, that he that is vouched, or his ancestors, never ^"^* °' right 

had seisin of the land or tenement demanded, fee or service by the hand 

of the tenant, or his ancestors, since the time of him, of whose seisin 

the demandant declares, until the time that the writ was purchased, and 

the plea moved, whereby he might aver that the tenant or his ancestors 

were enfeoffed, that the averment of the demandant be received, if the 

tenant will abide thereby. If not, that the t-enant be put to another 

answer, if his warrantor be not present who will freely warrant him, 

and immediately enter in answer, saving to the demandant his exceptions 

against him, as he had before against the first tenant. And that the 

said exception have place in a writ of Mortd'ancesior and in the other 

writs before-named, as well as in writs that concern right. And if 

perchance the tenant have a charter of warranty of another collateral, 

who is bound in none of the cases before mentioned to the warranty 

of his own accord ; that his recovery, by a writ of warranty of charter 

out of the King's Chancery be saved to him whenever he will purchase 

it ; howbeit that the plea be not therefor delayed. 

XLL Touching the oath of champions, forasmuch as it seldom nhamDimi'i 
happens, but that the champion of the demandant is forsworn, in that o&th. 
he swears, that he or his father saw the seisin of his lord, or of his ances- 
tor, [and that] his father commanded him to dereign ; it is provided 
that from henceforth the champion of the demandant be not compeUed 
to swear to it : nevertheless that his oath be kept in all other pdnts. 


demaundaunt destreint a oeo iurer mea seit le Iment gardo 
en tiiz ses autres poinz. G. Fur oeo 4 ^^ hriefB de assifles 
e de atteintes e iurees de vtrum )es iurors aont traoaillez 
par assoigne des tenaunz ; purueu est 4 clel houre qil eit 
vne fiez apparu en Court 4 ^^ ^^ puisse essoneyr mes 
face attorne a suire pur li sil veilie; si oeo noun, seit le 
assise ou la iuree prise par la defaute. C. Pur oeo 4 ^ 
demaundaunz sont souentefoiz delaez de lour droit por ceo 
qil iad plusors parceners tenauoz iointement feoffez ou nul 
ne siet son seueral dont nul ne poet respondre saunz autre 
ou 4 il ^ plusors parceners tenaunz iointement feoffez 
ou mil ne siet son seueral e ceus tenaunz souent foorchent 
par assoingne, issi 4 cheskun eyt vn assoingne purueu est 4 
desoremes i ceaus tenaunz no eyent assoingne, fors 4 & ^i^^ 
ioumee « nient plus 4 ^^ ^^^ tenaunt issi 4 nies puissent 
fourcher for taunt soulement afi vn assoigne. C. Pur oeo 
4 mulz de genz se font fausement assoingner de vtre mer 
la ou il furet en Eugletere le iour de la somonse, purueu 
est 4 desoremes 4 ^^^^ assoingne ne seit pas del tut alouwe 
si le demaundaunt le Cbalenge e prest est de auerrer qil 
fut en Engletere le iour 4 la somonse fu fete e treis semeines 
apres mes seit a iome en ceste fourme 4 s^ le demaundaunt 
a tiel iour suie la verrement par pais ou si 00m la Court 
le Bey agardera e seit ateint 4 ^^ tenaunt fut dedenz les 
quatre meers le iour qil fu somons e tres semeines apres, 
issi 4 ^ poeit estre resonablement garni de la somonse seit 
le assoingne tume en vne defaute e ceo fet a entendre taunt 
soulement deuaunt Justices. C. Des delais en tote manors 
de brefe de attachemenz est purueu 4 s^ ^^ tenaunt ou le 
defendaunt apres le attachement tesmoingne face defaute 4 
meintenaunt seit le graunt destresoe agarde e si le Tisoonte 
ne respoingne soffisaument al iour, seit greuousemet aiSde. 
Et sil maunde qil ad fet le execucion en due manere e les 
issues baUlez as mainpernors adonkes seit maunde al visoonte 
4 al autre iour face venir les issues deuaunt Justices e si 
le attache veut sauuer ses defautes eit les issues e sil ne 


XUL Fofasmooh as in writs of Assise, AUainis, and juries of Utrum, Ko essoin hf 
lurors are troubled by reason of the essoins of tenants ; it is provided, {^^Sunumf 
that after the tenant h» once appeared in Court he be no more essoined* 
but make his att(Nmey to sue for him, if he will ; if not, let the assise or 
jury be taken by default. 

XLHL Forasmuch as demandants are oftentimes delayed of their Snoint by 
right by reason that there are many parceners tenants, jointly en- P****"*"* *^ ' 
feoffed, where none knows his several, no one of whom can be compelled 
to answer without the other, or there are many pareeners tenants, 
jointly enfeoffed, where none knows his several, and such tenants often- 
times foureK by essoin, so that each of them has an essoin ; it is 
provided, that from henceforth those tenants do not have essoin, but 
at one day, and no more than one sole tenant ; so that they can no 
mcwe foureh, but only have one essoin. 

XLIV. Forasmuch as many persons cause themselves falsely to be nnqp^ ^f 
essoined for being over the sea, whereas they were in England the day ultra mare, 
of the summons ; it is provided from henceforth, that such essoin be not 
always allowed, if the demandant challenge it<, and be ready to aver that 
he was in England the day the summons was made and three weeks after ; 
but that it be adjourned in this form : that if the demandant at such a 
day prosecute the averment by the country, or as the King's Court 
shall award, and it be proved that the tenant was within the four seas 
the day that he was summoned, and three weeks after, so that he might 
be reasonably warned of the summons, the essoin be turned into a 
default ; and this is to be understood only before Justices. 

XLV. Concerning delays in all manner of writs of attachment, it is pro- process to 
Tided, that if the tenant or defendant, after the attachment, make ^'^EJS^ 
default^ that straightway the great distress be awarded ; and if the sheriff 
do not make sufficient return by the day, that he be heavily amerced; and 
If he return, that he has made execution in due manner, and the issues 
delivered to the sureties, then that the sheriff be commanded, that he 
cause the issues to come before the Justices at another day, and if the party 
attached come to save his defaults, that he have the issues ; and if 


veut eit Je Bey lea issues. Et Justices a Ics plez le Rey 
les facent liuerer en garde robe. Justices del Baunc a Wey- 
mostier les facent liuerer al Escheker. Justices en Eyre al 
visconte de oel Counte ou ii pleident ausi bien de oel conte 
com de foreins Countiez e de ceo seit charge en somonse 
par roule des Justices. 0. Purueu est ensement e par le 
Rey comauude 4 Justices al Baunk le Rey e Justices del 
Baunk a Weymostier parpleydent les plez aterminez a vn 
iour einz ceo 4 riens f*^y^ attame ou comence des plez del 
iour ensiuaunt hors pris 4 les assoingnes seient entrez iugez 
« renduz. Et par acheson de ceo nul houme se fie 4 il i^® 
viengne a son iour 4 done lui est 0. Purueu est eDsemeni 
4 si nul dosoremes purchace brief de nonele deseisiae e si 
celui sur qi le brief vient com principal deseisisour meorge 
auaunt 4 le assise seit passe 4 1® plointif eyt son brief de 
ent* funde sur deceisine sour le heyr ou sour les heyrs al 
de8eisi£K>ur de quel age qil seient en mesme la manere eit 
le heyr ou les heyrs al deseisi lour brief de entre sur les 
deseisisours de quel age qil seient si par auenture le deseisi 
meorge auaunt qil eit son purchaz fet Issi 4 pur le noun 
age de heyrs de vne part « de autre ne seit le brief abatn 
ne le plai delaie mes a q^nt lom poet saunz lei offendre 
seit haste pur la f resche suite apres la deseisine. En mesme 
la manere seit eel point garde endreit de prelaz gent de 
religion e autres as queus teres ou tenemez en nule manere 
puissent deuenir apres autri mort le quel qil seient deseisiz 
ou deseisisoTs. Et si les parties en pleidaunt deoendent en 
enqueste e ele passe encontre le heyr [dedenz age % nomeemet 
encontre le heyr] al deseisi, qil en tiel cas eit lateinte de 
la grace le Rey. 0. Si gardein chief seyngn^^ feofie nul 
houme de la terre 4 est del heritage al enfaunt 4 est de 
denz oge e en sa garde a la deseriteson del heyr, purueu 
est 4 le heyr meintenaunt eyt son recouerir par bref de 
nouele deseisine -ver son gardein e ver le tenannt e seit la 
seisine bailie par Justices si ele seit i*ecofiee al jpchein ami 


he come not, that the Kiug have the issues. And that the Justices of the 
King's Pleas cause them to be delivered in the Wardrobe; and the 
Justices of the Bench at Westminster cause them to be delivered to the 
Exchequer ; and the Justiees in eyre unto the sheriff of that county 
where they plead, as well of that county as of other counties, and be 
charged therewith in summons by the roll of the Justices. 

XLVL It is provided also, and commanded, by the King, that the Order of 
Justices of the King's Bench and the Justices of the Bench at West- •'™* ^ ••■• 
minster decide pleas atterminable at a certain day, before any matter 
be entered upon or commenced, of the pleas of the day following, saving 
that the essoins be entered, judged, and allowed ; but by reason hereof, 
let none presume that he come not at the day given to him. 

XLVIL It is provided also, that if any from henceforth purchase a Non-age of 
writ of Novel disaeiain, and he against whom the writ was brought as 4" 

principal disseisor, die before the assise be passed, that the plaintiff 
have his writ of Eniry grounded upon disseisin against the heir or heirs 
of the disseisor, of what age soever they be. In the same manner the 
heir or heirs of the disseisee have their writ of entry against the dis- 
seisors, of what age soever they be, if peradventure the disseisee die 
before he has made his purchase; so that for the nonage of the heirs of 
the one party, and of the other, the writ be not abated, nor the plea 
delayed ; but as much as a man can without offending the law, haste 
must be made to make fresh suit after the disseisin. In like manner, 
that this point be observed towards prelates, men of religion, and others, 
to whom lands or tenements can in no wise descend after others' death, 
whether they be disseisees or disseisors. And if the parties in pleading 
come to an inquest, and it pass against the heir [under age, and espe- 
cially against the heir]^ of the disseisee, that in such case he have an 
attaint by the King's grace. 

JLLVnL If a guardian, being the chief lord, enfeoff any man of land. Unlawful 
that is the inheritance of an infant who is under age, and in his ward- fjtSSiinwMd. 
ship, to die disherison of the heir ; it is provided, that the heir forth- 
with have his recovery by writ of Novel Disseisin against his guardian^ 
and against the tenant ; and the seisin be delivered by the Justices, if 

Theio wards oocnr in four of the principal MSS Bee Stat. Bealm, 

Q 2 


a ki le heritage ne purra deoendre pur aproer al eos lenfaunt 
e a respondre al hejr des issues com il vendra a son age 
e le gardein pde a tote sa vie la garde de mesroe la chose 
recouere e de tut le remenaunt del heritage qil tient en 
noun del heyr. Et si autre gardein 4 chief seyng' le face, 
pde la garde de tote cele chose e seit a greue peine dever 
le Rei. £t si lenfaunt seit aloingne ou destpurbe par le 
gardein ou par le feofie ou par aut* par quei il ne pnisse 
sasise suire, sine par lui yn de ses procheins amis 4 voudra 
e seit reoeu. C. En href de douayre dont dame riens nad 
mes ne seit le bref abatu par excepcion del tenaunt por 
ceo 4 ®lo auera receu son douayre de aut* houme auaunt 
son bref purchace sil ne puisse mostrier 4 ele eyt reoeu 
partie de douayre de li mesme e en mesme la vile auaunt 
son bref purchace. C. Et pur ceo 4 lo R^y ^^^ ^^ choees 
al honur de dieu e do seint Eglise e pur le comun prou e 
le aleiaunce de ceus 4 grcuez sont il ne voet mie 4 <^utre 
foiz puisent toumer a ^iudice de lui ne de la coroune mes 
4 les dreiz 4 li aportiengn^t li seient sauuez en tuz ses aut*& 
poinz. C. Et pur ceo 4 grannt charite serroit de fere dreyt 
a tuz e en tuz tens ou meaV serroyt 4 P^r assentement des 
prelaz assises de nouele deseisine de mort daQoest* « de 
drein present feussent prises en laduent e en septuagesme 
e en quaremme ausi bien com lem fet les enquestes e ceo 
prie le Key as Eueskes. 

Xlfl. EDWABD I. 85 

it be reooyered, to the next friend, to whom the inheritance cannot 
descend, to improye it for the use of the infant, and to answer for the 
iasues to the heir, when he shall come to his full age ; and that the 
guardian, during his life, lose the wardship of what was reooyered, and 
all the rest of the inheritance that he holds in the heir's name. And if 
another guardian than the chief lord do it, that he lose the wardship of the 
whole and be heayily punished on the King's part. And if the infant be 
remoyed, or disturbed by the guardian, or by the feoffee, or by any 
other, by reason whereof he cannot sue his assise, then one of his next 
friends, that will, may sue for him, and he shall be admitted, 

XIIX. That in a writ of Dotoer, [called] Vnde nikU habetp the writ piaalnDower« 
slwte not by the exception of the tenant, because she [the widow] shall 
have receiyed her dower of another man before her writ was purchased, 
if he cannot show that she has receiyed part of her dower of himself, 
and in the same yill, before her writ was purchased. 

L. And forasmuch as the King has ordained these things to ^Oaayioffforthe 
honour of God and Holy Church, and for the Commonweal, and for the Crown. 
relief of those who are aggrieved ; he wills not that at any other time, 
they should be turned to the prejudice of himself, or of his Crcwn ; 
but that such rights as appertain to him, should be saved in all other 

LL And forasmuch as it is great charity to do right unto all men, Timeof takins 
at all times, where need be, [it is provided] by the assent of the Prelates ^Jjf^^^ 
that Assises of Novd Disseisin, MarttT ancestor, and Darrein PreJienimeni, 
be taken in Advent, Septuagesima, and Lent, just as Inquests may 
be taken ; and this the King requests of the Bishops. 


13 EDWARD I. A.D. 1285.1 
[Rbd Book of thb Exchkqukr ik Irstjlvd, roL. 92-96i] 
T An de grace MP (yC Lxxviij e del Regno le Rey Edward 
-■— ■ fiz le Rey Henri sime a Glouccstr le moys de Aust 
porueaunt mesme le Rey pur lamendement de son Reaume e 
pur plus plenere exhibicion de drete si com le ^fit de office 
regal demaimde appellez le plus descrez de son R^gne and 
bien ausi bien^ des greindres com des mendres ; establi est e 
concordaument ordine 4 oome mesme le Regno en plusors 
diuers cas ausi bien des fraunchises come de autres choses en 
les queles auaunt lei failli e a eschuire les tres gref damages e 
les nient noumbrables deseritesons les quels icel manere 
defaute de lei list a la gent del reaume eit mester de diuers 
suppledons de lei e de noueles porueaunoes les estatuz ordine- 
mens e porueaunoes suz escrites de tote la gent del Regne 
desoremes fermement seit gardez. 

Cum prelaz Oountes Barons e autres del Regne cleiment 
auer diuerses fraunchises a les quels examiner e iuger le 
Rey ad mesmes eels prelaz Countes Barons e autres auoit 
done iour : Purueu est e concordaument graute 4 ^^ 
auauntdiz prelaz Countes Barons e autree eels manere de 
fraundiises uset issint 4 i^^i^ ^^ ^^^ acresse par vsurpacion 
ou occupacion ne rien sur le Rey ocupet iesqes a la 
^heine venue le Rey par le Conte ou a la ^heine venue 
des Justices erraunz as comuns plez en mesnie le Counte ou 
iesqe le Rey comaunde aut® chose salue le droit le Rey com il 
enuoudra parlor solum ceo qil est contenu en le bref le Rey e 
de ceo sient maunde brefs as viscontes baillifs e autres por 
cheskun demaimdaunt e seit la fourme del bref chaunge e 
solum la di&sete des fraunchises les quels cheskun deime auer. 
0. E les viscontes par totes lour baiUies frunt comunaumefc 
crier ceo est a sauer en Cites en Burgs on viles marchaudes e 
aillurs 4 touz ceaus qi aukuns fraunchises cleiment auer par 

1 See Writ ISth year (p. 46), commanding observance of this Statnte In Ireland. 
This Statute was re-enacted for Ireland by Sttotute in a Parliament held at 
Dublin, IS Edward II., cap. 2. 

s Words repeated in MB. 


13 EDWARD L A.D. 1285. 

Thb Statutxs of Glouosstxr. (Enacted in England. 6 Edward I.) 

THE year of grace 1278, and the sixth of the reign of King 
Edward, son of King Henry, at Gloucester, in the month of 
August, the King himself providing for the amendment of his realm, and 
for a fuller display of justice, as the good of the kingly office requires, 
having called unto him the most discreet persons of his kingdom, as 
well of the greater as of the lesser, it was established and ordained with 
one accord, that whereas the same kingdom, in many divers cases as 
well of franchises as of other things, wherein aforetime the law has failed, 
and to avoid the very grevious damages and innumerable disherisons 
which this default of the law has caused to the people of the realm, haa 
need of divers additions to the law, and of new provisions; that there- 
fore the statutes, ordinances, and provisions nnder-written be hence- 
forth steadfastly observed by aU the people of the kingdom. 

Whereas the prelates, earls, barons, and others of the kingdom, claim FranohisCB 
to have divers franchises, for the examination and judgment whereof be ^l^imtll 
the King had appointed a day to the said prelates, earls, barons, and SeSof.*"^" 
others ; it is provided and granted with one accord, tiiat the aforesaid 
prelates, earls, barons, and others, use such manner of franchises, so that 
nothing accrue to them by usurpation or encroachment, and that they 
encroach nothing against the King, until the next coming of the King 
throogh the county, or the next coming of the Justices in ejre for com- 
mon pleas into the same county, or until the King otherwise command; 
saving the King's right when he wishes to demand it, according to what 
it contained in the King's writ. And hereof let writs be issued to 
the Sheriffs, Bailiffs, and others, in behalf of every one demanding it; 
and that the form of the writ be changed according to the diversity of 
the franchises that each claims to have. 

And that the Sheriffs cause it to be commonly proclaimed through- FroceedlDga 
out their bailiwicks, that is to say, in aties. Burghs, Market Towns, F^I^iItoU!' 
and elsewhere, that all those who claim to have any franchises by the 


les chartres Lee predecessors le Rej Reys de Engletore on en 
autre manero sient deuaunt le Rey ou deaaunt JusUoes en 
eyre a ftein iour e lui a mosfcrer quels manere de traunchises il 
cleiment auer e par quel garaunt. E les risoontes mesme 
donkes front ileokes paonaument od lour baillifs « lour 
ininistres a ftefier le Rey sur les auauntdites f raunchisee e 
antres choses 4 oe^ fraunchises touchent £ oeste crie deuaunt 
le Rey oontingne gamisement de treis semeynes. C. Bn 
me%me la manere front les Yiscontes crier en eyre de Justices 
e en mesme la manere ferront il psonaument od lour baillifs e 
lour ministres a ftefier les Justices de tiels manere de 
fraunchises e des autres choses 4 ceaus fraunchises touchent. 
Et oeste crie contiengne gamisement de q^raunte ioam 
si com la comune somonse cotient issi 4 s^ !& partie 4 
deime auer fraunchise seit deuaunt le Rey ne seit pas mis 
en defaute deuaunt les Justices en eyre pur ceo 4 1® ^^J 
de sa grace especiale ad graunte 4 il gardera la partie de 
damage q^t a eel aioumement. £ si cele partie seit en pUy 
sour tiels manere de fraunchises deuaimt vne peire des Justices 
auauntdiz mesmes les Justices deuaunt les quels la partie est 
plai garderont la partie de damage deuaunt autres Justices. 
E le Rey deuaunt li mesme mes qil sache par les Justices 4 1& 
partie feust en plai deuaunt ous si com ii est auauntdit. Et si 
ceaus 4 cleiment tiels fraimchises auer ii viengnet al iour 
auauntdit, donkes seient les fraunchises en noun de destresoe 
prises en la main le Rey par le yiscont<e del lui issi 4 tiel 
manere de fraunchises ne vsent ieskes il yiegnent a receiure 
dreit. C. E q*nt il viengnent par cele destresce, lour fraunchises 
lour seiet repleuies sil les demaundent les quels replenies 
respoingnet meintenant en la forme auadite. £ si par auenture 
les parties exceptent 4 il ne deiuent nient de ceo respondre saGe 
bref original, donke si il pusse estre sen 4 eus de lour ppre 
fet eyent vsui'pe ou oconpe aukuns fraunchises sour le Rey 
ou sour ses ^decessors, dit lour seit 4 meintenaut respoingoent 
saunz bref e puis receiuent iugement si com la Court le 
Rey agardera. E si il dient outre 4 lour auncestre e lour 
dtuncestres de mesme les fraunchises morurent seisis, seit 01 

Xtn. EDWARD I. 8& 

charters of the King's predeoessorBy Kings of England, or in other 
manner, be before the King or before the Jnstioes in eyre, at a cer- 
tain day and place, to shew what manner of franchises they claim to 
have, and by what warrant And the Sheri£EB themselves shall then be 
there personally, with their bailiffs and officers, to certify the King upon 
the aforesaid franchises and other matters touching such franchises. 
And that this proclamation before the King contain three weeks' 

And in like manner the Sheriffs shall make proclamation in the circuit 
of the Justices, and in like manner they shall come personally with their 
bailiffs and officers, to certify the Justices of such manner of franchises, 
and other matters touching such franchises. And that this proclamation 
give forty days' notice, as the common summons contains ; so that if 
the party who claims to have a franchise be before the King, he be not 
put in default before the Justices in eyre ; forasmuch as the King of 
hia special grace has granted that he will save the party harmless in 
respect of this adjournment And if any such party be in plea upon such 
manner of franchises before two of the aforesaid justices, that the same 
justices before whom the party is in plea, saye the party harmless be- 
fore other justices ; and the King likewise before himself, when he knows 
from the justices that the party was in plea before them, as is before 
said. And if they that claim to have such franchises come not at the day seiaer of 
aforesaid, then that the franchises be taken into the King's hand by the n^^p^^?" 
Sheriff of the place, by way of distress, so that they use not such manner ^^^' 
of franchises until they come to receive justice. 

And when they come upon that distress, that their franchises be 
replevied, if they demand them, which replevies they shall answer 
forthwith in the f<nrm aforesaid. And if pcradventure the parties make Bxception for 
exception that they ought not to answer thereupon without an original ^[^giiial Writ 
writ then if it can be known that they havo^ by their own act, 
usurped or occupied any franchises against the King or his predecessors, 
that they be told forthwith to answer without writ and afterwards 
receive judgment as the King's Ck>urt shall award. And if they allege 
further that their ancestor or ancestors died seised of the same franchises, 


e meintenaimt seit la verite enquise e solum oeo aillent les 
Justices auaunt en la bosoingne. E si il seifc trooe 4 lour 
aunoestre en morust seisi, donkes eit le Bey bref original 
de sa Ohaunoelerie en la forme fete de oeo. 0. Le Rej 
maude saluz al visconte sommonez par bons somenors vn 
tiel 4 il seit deuaunt nus a tiel )ui a nre pcheine venue en 
tiel Counte ou deuaunt Justices as primeres assises com 
il en celes parties yendront a mostrer par quel garaunt il 
cleime auer quitaunce de tounue pnr sei ou ses homes par 
tut nre reaume par continuacion apres la mort tel iadis son 
^decessor. E ejez ileokes les somenurs e ceo bref. £ si 
les parties viengneut al iour, respoingnent e seit replie « 
iuge. E sil ne viengnet ne se essoingnet deuaunt le Bey 
e le Rey demeorge outre en eel Counte, seit comaunde al 
visconte qil les face venir al quart iour a quel iour si il ne 
yiengnet e le demerge outre en eel Counte seit fet si com 
en eyre de Justices.. E si le Bey departe del Counte, seient 
les parties aiomeez a bref iour e eyent renables delays iouste 
les desorecions des Justices si com en actions psoneles. E 
les Justices E les Justices^ en eyre facent de ceo en lour 
eyres solum le ordeinement aaauntdit e solum ceo 4 ^^1^ 
manere de plez deiuent estre deduz en eyre. C. Des pleintes 
fetes « a fere des baillifs le Bey e de autri baillifs seit 
solum le ordeinemet auaunt fet de ceo e solum les enquestes 
de ceo auaunt prises % de ceo frount les Justices en eyre, 
solom ceo 4 1® Bey « lour ad enioint e solum les articles 4 
le Bey lour ad liuere. C. Ovm auaunt ces houres damages 
ne feussent agardez en assises de nouele deseisine fors taunt 
soulement vers les deseisisors ; purueu est 4 si les deseiaisors 
alienent les tenemenz e ne eient dount les damages puissent 
estre leuez 4 <^us en qi mains iceus tenemenz deuendront, 
seient chargez des damages issint 4 cheskun respoingne de 
son tens. C. Purueu est ensement 4 ^^ deseisi recoure 
damage en bref de entre founde sour nouele deseisine vers 
celi qi est troue tenaimt apres le deseisisor. C. Purueu 

« Words repeated in "MB, 

Xlll. EDWARD 1. 91 

that they he heard, and f(^hwiih inquiry he made of the tmth, and Proeeedinn 
according thereto that the justices proceed in the business. And if it FraQciSaM by 
be found that their ancestor died seised thereof, then the King shall JJj^g^'g^ 
have an original writ out of his Chancery in the form in that case 

*' The King to the Sheriff, sends greeting ; summon by good sum- Form of Writ 
moners such an one, that he be before us, at such a place, upon our 
next coming into such a county ; or before the justices at the first 
assises, when they shall come into those parts, to shew by what warrant 
he claims to be quit of toll, for him or his men, throughout our realm, 
by continuance after the death of such an one late his predecessor. 
And haye there the summoners and this Writ." 

And if the parties come at the day, that they answer, and reply be Froceedinin 
made, and judgment given. And if they come not, nor essoin them- 
selves before the King, and the King tarry longer in that county, that 
the Sheriff be commanded to cause them to come at the fourth day; 
at which day if they come not, and the King tarry longer in that county, 
let it be done as in the eyre of the justices. And if the King depart 
out of the county, the parties be adjourned unto a short day, and 
have reasonable delays, according to the discretion of the justices, as 
in actions personal. And that the Justices in eyre proceed herein, 
in their eyres, according to the ordinance aforesaid and according as 
such manner of pleas ought to be proceeded on in the e3rre. 

Concerning complaints msde and to he made of the King's bailiffs, Complslnta 
and of the bailiffis of others, that it be done according to the ordinance sheriffs. 
before made thereof, and according to the inquests before taken there- 
upon. And the Justices in eyre shall do therein, according to what the 
King has enjoined them, and according to the articles which the King 
has delivered to them. 

L Whereas heretofore damages were only awarded in Assises of Novd DamagM in 
dUseisin, against the disseisors, it is provided, that if the disseisors j^^, ' 

alien the tenements, and have not whereof the damages may be 
levied, that they to whose hands such tenements shall come, be charged 
with the damages, so that every one answer for his time. 

It is provided also, that the disseisee recover damages in a writ of 
Entry, grounded on Novd diueisin against him that is found tenant 
after the disseisor. 


est eziflement 4 1a ou enauaunt oes houres damages ne fareat 
agardez en pie de mort de auncestre fors en cas la ou 
tenemeDt feust reoouere vers chief seygn' 4 deaoreities 
damages seient agardez en tuz cas on em reconre par assise 
de mort de auncestre si com est auauntdit en assise de 
nouelo deseisine. En mesme la manere reooare lem damages 
par bref de Oosinage del Ael ou de BesaeL^ O. Et seit 
desoremes en mesme la manere cheskon tenu a rendre 
damages la on om recoure yer lui de sa entnision on de ntm 
fez demeyne. C. £ si enfaunt dedenz age seit tenu hors 
de son heritage apres la mort son Gosin Ael ou Besael par 
quei il couengne 4 ^ p'chace bref e son adfisaire yiengne 
on Court e en responaunt alegge feffement ou autre chose 
par quei Justices agardent enqueste la ou enqueste fust 
delaie iesqes al age si passe ore lenqueste ausi com il fu 
de age. Establi est ensement 4 si home aJiene tenement 4 
il tient par la lei de EnglePe son fiz ne seit pas bane par 
le fet son piere par qi nul heritage ne li est decendu a 
demaunder e recouerer par bref de mort daunoestre la seisine 
sa mere tut face la cbartre son piere menoion 4 lui 1^ ses 
heirs seient tenuz a la garauntie. E si heritage lui aeit 
decendu p son piere, donke seit il forclos de la value del 
heritage 4 lui ^^ decendu. E si entens apres heritage lui 
decent par mesme le piere, donk auera le tenaunt yera lui 
recouerir de la seisine sa mere par bref de iugement 4 istra 
des roules des Justices deuaunt les queus le plai fu plede 
e resomoundre son garaunt si com ad este fet en autre Gas 
ou le garaunt vint en curt e dit 4 nen ne lui est decendu 
de lui par qi fet il est youche. O. En mesme la manere 
le issue del fiz par bref del Ael Gosin e del Besael. Ensement 
en mesme la manere ne seit le heyr la femme apres la mort 
le piere e la miere barre de action par la Chartre son piere 
sil demaunde le heritage ou manage la mere par bref de 
entre 4 ^^^ piere entens sa mere aliena dont nule fin est 

^ Other IfSS. have here a claiue giving ocwtB where damages are reoovered. 
See Stat. Realm, L p. 47. 

Xni. EDWARD I. 93 

It IB provided also, that where before this time damaffm were not I^ITcwId'an- 
awiurd<H) in a plea of Mortd'aneettor (except in case where the tenement 
was recovered against the chief Lord) that from henceforth damages be 
awarded in all cases where a man recovers by Assise of Mortffanctstor, 
aa before said in assise of Novel disseinn. And in the same way, that 
damages be recovered by writ of Co9tnagt, Aid, and BesfM, Coinage, fta 

And that every person from henceforth be bound in the same way to 
render damages, where one recover against him on his own intrusion, 
or his own act. 

II. And if a child under age be kept out of his heritage after the No delay for 

000^100 of the 
death of his cousin, grandfather, or great grandfather, whereby it be- demandant 

comes necessary for him to purchase a writ, and his adversary come 

into courts and in answering alleges a feoffment, or other thing, 

whereupon the Justices award an inquest; whereas the inquest was 

deferred unto the full age [of the infant], now the inquest shall pass as 

if he were of age. 

in. It is established also, that if a man alien a tenement, that he AUeDatton by 
holds by the law of England, his son be not barred by the deed of his curtesy vol I. 
father, from whom no inheritance descended to him, from demanding and 
recovering by writ of Mortd^aneeiior, the seisin of his mother, although 
the charter of his father mention, that he and his heirs should be bound 
to warranty. And if any inheritance descend to him from his father, 
then that he be barred from the value of the inheritance that has de- 
scended to him. And if in time after, any inheritance descend to him 
by the same father, then the tenant shall have recovery against him 
of the seisin of his mother by writ of judgment that shall issue out of 
the rolls of the Justices, before whom the plea was pleaded, and re- 
summon his warrantor, as has been done in other cases where the 
warrantor comes into court, and says, tiiat nothing descended to him 
from him by whose deed he is vouched. 

And in like manner that the issue of the son [recover] by writ of 
Aidf Cosenage, and Besaid, Also that in like manner the heir of the 
wile be not barred of action after the death of the father and the 


leuee en la Court le Bej. C. Ensement si home lest sa 
tere a ferme ou a trouer estouer ou viure ou yestnre 4 
amon a la quarte partie de la veneje value de la tere e 
celni q tieut la tere iseint charge la lesae gisir frische isBi 
4 lem ni pusse trouer destreeoe par deus aunz ou treb saunz 
fere la ferme rendre ou saunz fere oeo 4 ^^t oontenu en le 
esorit de les, establi est 4 apres les deus aunz passes eit le 
lessur action a demaunder la tere en demeine 4 ^ auera 
])ar bref en la Chauncelerie. E si celui ver qi la tere est 
demaunde viengne auaunt iugement e rende les arrerages 
% les damages e treoue seurte tele com la Court verra 4 
seit suffisaunt a rendre en apres oeo 4 ^^ oontenu en le 
Escrit si il retiengne la tere e si il demeort desqe ataunt 
4 ele seit reoouere par iugement, si seit encoreue a remenaunt 
Ensement purueu est 4 lorn eit desoremes bref de Wast en 
la Chauoelerie fet de ceo 4 liome qi tient par la lei de 
Engletere ou en autre nianere a terme de vie ou a terme 
daunz ou femme en douayre « celi qi serra ateint del Wast 
si pde la chose qil ad Wastee e estre oeo face le gre del 
treble de oeo 4 lo Wast serra taze. C. Endreit de wast 
fete en garde seit fet solom oeo 4 ^ oontenu en la graunt 
chartre e par la ou il est contenu en la chartre 4 oel^ 4 
auei*a fet Wast en garde pde la garde; acorde e 4 il rende 
al hejr les dammages del Wast si il ne seit 4 ^ garde pdue 
ne soffise mie a la value des damages auaunt le age del 
hejr de mesme la garde. 

Purueu est ensement 4 si home meort « oit plusors hejm 
dont le vn est fiz ou fille frere ou seor neuou ou niece e 
les autres seient en plus loingtein d^gre les hejrs ejent 
desoremes reoouerir par bref de la Chauncelerie de mort de 

Ensement si feme Tent ou doune en fee ou a terme de 
vie tenement 4 ele tiet en douayre ; establi est 4 le heyr ou 
autre a ki la tere deuereit refitir apres le deces la femme 
eit meintenaunt son recouerir a demaunder la tere par bref 
de entre fet de ceo en la Chauncelerie. 

Xni. EDWARD I. 95 

mother, by the charter of his father, if he demand by writ of entry the 
inheritance or marriage [portion] of the mother which his father aliened 
in the time of his mother, whereof no fine was levied in the King* a 

IV. Also if a man let his land to farm, or to find estovers, whether Bemedy by 
food or raiment, amounting to the fourth part of the true value of the Sftmumt m °* 
land, and he who holds the land so charged lets it lie uncultivated, so that '^-'v™* 
the party can find no distress there by the space of two or three years* 

without [the farmer] paying the rent or doing as is contained in the 
writing of the lease; it is established, that after the two yean have passed, 
the lessor have an action to demand the land in demesne, which he 
shall have by a writ in the Chancery. And if he against whom the land is 
demanded come before judgment, and pay the arrears and the damages, 
and find surety (such as the Court shaU think sufficient) to pay from 
thenceforth as is contained in the writing, that he keep the land. And 
if he tarry until it be recovered by judgment, that he be barred for 

V. It is provided also, that from henceforth a man have a writ of Action of waits 
waste in the Chancery made thereupon against him who holds by the 

law of England, or otherwise for term of life, or for term of years, or 
a woman in dower. And that he who shall be attainted of waste, 
lose the thing that he has wasted, and moreover give as compensa- 
tion treble what the waste shall be assessed at. 

And in respect of waste made in the wardship, that it be done as is 
contained in the Great Charter. And where it is contained in the 
Charter, that he who shaU have committed waste in a wardship, lose 
the wardship, it is agreed that he render to the heir damages for the 
waste, if it be that the lost wardship do not amount to the value ef the 
damages before the age of the heir of the same wardship. 

VL It is provided also, that if a man die, having many heirs, of one Writ of 
whom one is son or daughter, brother or sister, nephew or niece, and tm^Ym^^ 
the others be in a further degree, the heirs recover from henceforth by heirs, 
writ of MoMancMtoT out of Chancery. 

VIL Also if a woman sell or give in fee, or for term of life, the tene- ^,j^ of entry 

ment that she holds in dower ; it is ordained, that the heur, or other to *" «*«* prwito 

on alienation 
whom the land ought to revert after the death of the woman, have his of dower. 

present recovery to demand the land by a writ of entry made thereof 

in the Chancery. 


Furneu est euaement 4 viscontes pledent en Coontiez 
les plez de trespas ausi com il solient estre pledez. E 4 ^^^ 
desoremes eit bref de trespas deuaunt Justices sil na fie par 
fej 4 1^ biens emportiez vaillent quaraunte souz al meina. 
£ si il se pleint de baterie a fie par fei 4 s^ pleinte est 
veritable. C, De plajes e de mahains eit om bref si com 
om soleit e graunte est 4 ^^ defendaunz puiasent desoremes 
fere aturnez en tiels plaiz on apel nest issi 4 si^ aeient 
ateinz del trespas en lour absence seit maunde al viaoonte 
4 il seient pris e eient donke la peine 4 ^ auereient sil 
eussent este ^sent quant le iugement fu rendu. £ si les 
pleintifs desoremes en tiel trespas se facent essonier apres 
la premore aparaunoe seit ionr done ieske a la venue des 
Justices e les defendaunz en dementers seient en pees en 
tiels plez e en aut^s plez la ou attachemenz e destrescee 
gisent. E si le defendaunt se face essonier de Suise le Bej 
e ne porte son garaunt al iour 4 ^t done a son esaonenr 4 
il rende al plentif les damages de la ioume de vint souz 
ou de plus solom la descrecion des Justices e ialemdns 
en la grene fici le Bej. 

Le Bey comaunde 4 i^ul bref de la Chauncelerie seit graunte 
de mort de home de enqre si houme ocie autre par mesau- 
enture ou sei defendaunt ou en autre manere par felonie 
mes si tiel seit en prison e deuaunt Justices erraunz ou 
Justices assingnez a Oaoles deliuer^ si mette en pais de bien 
« de roal e lem troesse par pais 4 ^ ^^^ ^et sei defendaunt 
ou par mesauenture donke par record des Justices face le 
B^j sa grace si lui plest. 

Cum il seit contenu en lestatut le Bey 4 ore est 4 deus 
parceners ou deus 4 tienet en comune ne puissent fourcher 
par assoingne del oure qil auerunt vne feiz apparu en (}ourt ; 
purueu est 4 mesnie ceo seit garde e tenuz ou houme e sa 
femme sont enpledez en la Court le Bey. 

Purueu est ensement en la Cite de Londres 4 si houme 
baud son tenement a Pme de aunz e celui a qi le fraunk 
tenement est se face enpleider par collusion e face defaute 


VUL It is provided also, that Sheriffs plead pleas of treepaas in ^^^^°^^^ 

County-courts, as they have been aooustomed to be pleaded. And that unespass shall 

none from henceforth have writ of trespass before justices, unless he 

swear by his faith, that the goods affected are worth forty shillings at 

the least. And if he complain of battery, he swear by his faith, that 

his plaint is true. 

Touching wounds and maims, that a man have a writ as he was wont Defendants 

may plead by 
to have it. And it is granted, that the defendants henceforth in such atlomeya. 

pleas may make attorneys, where appeal does not lie, so that if they be 

attainted of the trespass in their absence, the Sheriff be commanded to 

take them, and they haye then the penalty which they would have 

had, if they had been present when the judgment was given. 

And if the plaintiffs from henceforth in such trespasses cause them- ^S2u|S#|uLk| 

selves to be essoined after the first appearance, that a day be given aefendants. 

them until the coming of the Justices, and the defendants in the mean 

time be in peace in such pleas, and in other jdeas where attachments 

and distresses lie. And if the defendant essoin himself of the King's 

service, and do not bring his warrant at the day that is given to his 

esBoiner, that he render the plaintiff damages for his journey twenty 

shillingB or more, according to the discretion of the justices, and 

further be in the heavy mercy of the King. 

IX. The King commands that no writ be granted out of the Chancery No Writ out of 
for the death of a man, to enquire whether one man kill another by mis- eartain etses 
adventure, or in his own defence, or in any other manner feloniously ; homicide, 
but if such be imprisoned and [be brought] before the Justices in eyre 

or jnstioeB assigned lor gaol-delivery, if he put himself upon the country 
for good and evil, and it be found by the country, that he did it in his 
own defence, or by misadventuro, then on the record of the justices 
the King will grant him his grace, if it please him. 

X. Whereas it is contained in the statute of the King that now is. One essoin for 
that two parcenens, or two that hold in common, may not fourch by 

essoin, after that they shall have once appeared in court ; it is provided 
that the same be observed and kept^ whero a man and lus wife aro im- 
pleaded in the King's Court 

XL It is provided also, in the city of London, that if any man lease Feigned 
his tenement for term of years, and he to whom the freehold be- Lradoni«alBBl 
lon^ cause himself to be impleaded by collusion, and [make default * ^™'^- 


apres defEiute yiengne en Curt e voille rendre pur fere !• 
fermer pdre son terme e le tenaunt eit queielee issi 4 ^^ 
termer puisse auer reoouerir par bref de oouenaunt; le Meyre 
e les baillifs puissent enquero par bon yisne en la ^senoe 
le Pfi e del demaundaiint le quel le demaondaunt pleida 
par dreit qil aueit ou par collosion on par frande pur fere 
le termer perdre son terme. £ si trone seit par enqueste 
4 le demaundaunt meust son plai par bon dreit qil aueit 
si seit le iugement fiimj maintenaunt. E si troue seit qil 
pleidast par fraude pur tolir le Pme al f^mer le execncion 
del iugement pur le demaundaunt seit sospendu iesqes apres 
le Pme passe. En mesme la manere seit fet equite en tiel 
cas deuaunt Justices si le termer le chalenge auaunt le 

Purueu est ensement 4 si houme enpleide de tenement en 
mesme la Citee vouche forein a garaunt 4 ^ viengne a la 
Chauncelerie e eit bref a somoundre son garaunt a certein iour 
deuaunt les Justices del Baunk e vn autre bref al Meyre « as 
baillis dt) Londres 4 ^ soursesent de la parole 4 ^t deuaunt 
eus par bref iesqes ataunt 4 la parole de la garauntie seit 
Pmine deuaunt les Justices del Baunk. E q^nt la parole al 
Baunk ?ra Pmine e ?ra dit al garaunt 4 il voist en la Gitee e 
respoingne del chief plai e le demaundaunt par sa suite eit 
bref des Justices del Baunk al Meyre % as baillife 4 ^ ^oisent 
auaunt en le plai. E si le demaundaunt reooure ; viengne le 
tenaunt as Justices del Baunk e eit bref al Meyre e as bailli£B 
4 si le tenaunt eit sa tere perdue 4 il faoent estendre la tere e 
retoument lestente al Baunk a A^in iour e apres seit maunde 
al visconte del pays ou le garaunt fu somons 4 il ^ui face auer 
de la tere le garaunt a la vaillaunce. 

Purueu est ensement 4 del faoure 4 le plai serra meu en la 
Cite de Londres p bref le tenaunt ne eit pas poer de fere Waiit 
ne estreppement del tenement 4 est demaude pendaimt le plai e 
ceo f acent le Meyre % les baillifs garder a la suite le demaudaut. 
E mesme le ordeinement e estatut seit garde en autres 
Citees « Burgs « ailleurs par tut le reaume. C. Le Bey 

Xin. EDWARD I. 99 

after default^ or oome into the Courts and wish to give it ap, to make 
the termor lose his term, and the tenant make this contention, that 
the termor can haye recovery by "writ of covenant, the Mayor and Bailiffs 
may inquire by a good venue, in the presence of the termor and the 
demandant, whether the demandant pleaded by right that he had, or 
by collusion, or by fraud, to make the termor lose his term. And if 
it be found by the inquest, that the demandant moved his plea upon 
good right that he had, that judgment be given forthwith. And if it 
be found, that he imjdeaded him by fraud, to take the term from the 
termor, then that the execution of the judgment for the demandant 
be suspended until the term be expired. In like manner that equity 
be done before the justices in such case, if the termor claim it before 

XTT. It is provided also, that if a man, impleaded for a tenement in Vooohlng a 
the some city, vouch a foreigner to warranty, that he come into the i^^^ 
Chancery, and have a writ to summon his wazrantor at a certain day 
before the justices of the Bench, and another writ to the Mayor and 
Bailiffs of London, that they surcease from the plea that is before them 
by writ, until the plea of the warranty be determined before the justices 
of the Bench. And when the plea at the Bench shiskll be determined, the 
party warranted shall be commanded to go into the city, and answer 
to the chief plea. And that the demandant by his suit have a writ of 
the justices of the Bench to the Mayor and Bailiffs, that they proceed 
in the plea. And if the demandant recover, that the tenant come before 
the justices of the Bench, and have a writ to the Mayor and Bailiffs, 
that if the tenant have lost his land, they cause the land to be valued, 
and return the extent at a certain day into the Bench, and after that 
it be commanded to the Sheriff of the district where the warrantor was 
summoned, that he cause him to have of the land of the warrantor to 
the value. ^ 

Xm. It is provided also, that after such time as the plea shall be Waste 

moved in the City of London by writ, the tenant have no power to make pending Poit 

m London. 

& See JJher Ciutumarum. Lend. Vol. II., pb I., p. 100-177 as to the correotlon 
of this artMe. 



graunte as Citeins de Loandres 4 1& oa auaunt oes hoares 
oeaus 4 fureiit deseisis de fraunk tenemenk en mesme la Citee 
ne poerent recouerir lour damages auaunt la venue des Justices 
a la Tour ; 4 <^^ deseisis desoremes eient lour damages par la 
reconisaunce del assise par la quele il reooueront le tenement e 
les deseisors seient amerdez deuaunt deus Barons del Escfaeker 
qi yne fiez par an vendront en la Citee pur oeo fere. £ oeo 
seit maunde al Tresurer % as Barons qil facent cheskon an 
par deus de eaus apres lour leuer de la Chaundeloure e les 
aficiemenz par uomonse del Escheker seient leuez e al eos le 
Bey al Escheker liuerez. 

Purueu est ensement 4 1® Me3rre % les baillifs auaunt la 
venue de oes Barons enq^rront des vins venduz encontre le 
assise e le ^senteront deuaunt eaus a lour venue. E donke 
seient amerciez la il soleient atendre la venue des Justices. 
Donee a Glouc le dimenge pchein apres la feste seint Piers a 
la Goule de Aust Ian auauntdit. 

Xlli. EDWARD t. 101 

any waste or estarepement of the tenement in demand, pending the plea ; 
and that the Mayor and Bailifb cause it to be kept at the suit of the 
demandantb And that the same ordinance and statute be observed in 
other cities, and burghs, and elsewhere throughout the realm. 

mXIV. The King grants unto the citizens of London, that whereas DaoiMeton 

heretofore they that were disseised of freehold in the same city Londoa 

could not recover their damages before the coming of the justices 

to the Tower, that from henceforth the disseisees have their damages 

by recognition of the assise whereby they recovered the tenement, 

and the disseisors be amerced before two Barons of the Exchequer, who 

shall come once a year into the city to do it. And that it be commanded 

to the Treasurer and the Barons, that they do this every year by two 

of them after their Oandlenuts rising. And that the amercements by 

summons of the Exchequer be levied, and be delivered to the King's 

use, at the Exchequer. 

XV. It is provided also that the Mayor and Bailifb before the coming Wines told in 
of these Barons, enquire of wines sold contrary to the assise, and make contrary to 
presentment before them at their coming and then that they be amerced, ^^* ^ 
whereas they were wont to wait the coming of the Justices. 

Qiven at Gloucester the Sunday next after the feast of St. Peter in 
the gule of August the year aforesaid. 

13 EDWARD I. A.D. 1285. 
A Stattttb 07 Mbbohakts.^ 

Forasmuch as merchants, who heretofore have lent their goods to 
divers persons, have fallen into poverty, because there is no speedy 
law provided, by which they may quickly recover their debt at the day 
assigned for payment; and for this cause many merchants have re- 
frained from coming into this land with their merchandise, to the 
damage of the merchants and of all the realm ; the Kins by himself and 
by^his Council at his Parliament which he held at ActonBumel, after the 
feast of St. Michael, in the eleventh year of his reign, made and ordained 
an Act thereupon for the relief of the merchants ; which ordinance 
and act the King commanded should -be firmly kept and observed 
throughout his realm, whereby the merchants have had relief, and less 
loss and trouble in recovering their debts, than before they were wont. 
But forasmuch as the merchants since complained to the King, 

^ The text taJcen from StatuU Boll ^Engl.) m. 40d, is printed in Statutes qf th€ 
Bee Writ Cp. 48), ISth year, oommaoding obiervance of this Statute in Ireland. 


that the Sheri£b misinterpreted hifi statute, and sometimes by malice 
and false interpretation delayed the execution of the statut^ to tiie 
great damage of merchants ; the King at his Parliament at West- 
Form of minster after Easter in the thirteenth year of his reign, caused the 
asStute "* said statute made at Acton Bumel to be rehearsed ; and for the de- 
Merchant. claration of certain articles of his statute aforesaid, has ordained and 
established that a merchant who wishes to be secure of his debt, cause his 
debtor to come before the Mayor of London, or before another chief warden 
of a town, or of another good town, where the King shall appoint, and 
before the Mayor or chief warden, or other sufficient man cnosen and 
sworn thereto, when the Mayor or chief warden cannot attend, and 
before one of the clerks that the Kine shall thereto assign, when both 
cannot attend, to acknowledge the debt and the day of payment ; and 
that the recognizance be enrolled by the hand of one of the clerks afore- 
said, who shall be known, and that the roU be double, whereof one 
part shall remain with the Mayor or chief warden, and the other with the 
clerk that thereto shall be &st named ; and further, that one of the 
said clerks with his own hand make a writing oblisatory, to which writing 
the seal of the debtor shall be put, with the King's seal provided for 
the same ; which seal shall be of two pieces, whereof the greater 
piece shall remain in the custody of the Mayor, or the chief warden, 
and the other piece in the hand of the aforesaid clerk. And if the debtor 
do not pay at the day limited to him, if the merchant come to the 
Mayor and clerk with his bill obligatory ; and if it be found by tiie roU 
Creditor'a ^ ^7 ^® ^'^^> ^^^ ^^^ ^^^^ ^^ acknowledged, and that the day assisned 
remedy if debt^ be passed, that the Mayor or chief warden cause the body of the debtor 
be not paid. to be taken (if he be a layman) whenever he be found in their juris- 
diction, and commit him to the prison of the town, if there be a prison, 
and that he remain there at his own costs, until he has made satis- 
faction for the debt. And it is commanded that the keeper of the town 
prison retain him upon the delivery of the Mayor or warden ; and if 
he will not receive him, that the keeper of the prison straightway answer 
for the debt, if he have whereof ; and if he have not whereof, that he who 
committed the prison to his keeping answer. And if the debtor cannot 
be found within the jurisdiction of the Mayor, or chief warden, then 
Oertiflcate of that the mayor or chief warden send to the Qiancellor, under the Kins*8 
toto^amMrv ®®*^ aforesaid, the recosnizance made of the debt ; and the Chanceluir 
anoery. ^jj^^^^ ^ .,^|. ^ ^j^^ SheriflF, in whose bailiwick the debtor shall be 
found, that he take his body (if he be a lajrman) and keep him in safe 
prison until he has made some satisfaction for the debt ; and within 
Within what ' a quarttsr of a year after he shall be taken, that he have his chattels 
t?v Bell his ^ ^^ lands delivered, so that out of his own he may levy and pay 
^2, the debt ; and that it be lawful for him, during the quarter, to sdU 
his lands and tenements for the discharge of his debts, and his sale 
shall be good and valid. And if he do not make satisfaction before the 
end of the quarter, that all the goods of the debtor and all his lands by 
reasonable extent, be delivered unto the merchant to hold them untu 
the debt shall be fully levied ; and nevertheless that the body remain 
The merchant's ^^ P^on as aforesaid^ and the merchant find him bread and water; 
estate In the ^^^ ^^ merchant have such seisin in those tenements delivered unto 
debtor's lands, him or his assignee, that he can bring a writ of Novd disseUin, if 
he be put out, and redisseisin also, as of freehold, to hold to him 
and his assigns until the debt be paid ; after the debt is levied and 
paid, that the body of the debtor be delivered with his land. And in 
the writ that the Chancellor shall issue, mentiixi be made, that the 
Sheriff is to certify the Justices of the one Bench or of the other, how 
he has performed the King's commandment, by a certain day, at which 
day that the merchant sue before the justices, if satisfaction be not 

Xin. EDWARD I. lOd 

made him I and if the Sheriff do not return the writ, or do return that 
the writ came too late, or that he directed it to the bailifib of some 
franchise, that the Justices do as it lb contained in the last Statute of 
Westminster. And if, in case the Sheriff return that the debtor is not 
found, or that he is a clerk, that the merchant have a writ to all the Sheriffs 
where he shall have land, that they deliver unto him all the chattels and 
tenements of the debtor by reasonable extent, to hold unto him and his 
assi^^ in the form aforesaid ; and nevertheless he have a writ to what 
Sheriff he will, to take his body (if he be a layman) and to hold it in 
manner aforesaid. And let the keeper of the prison take heed, that 
he will have to answer for the body, or for the debt. And after the debtor's 
lands shall be delivered to the merchant, it shall be lawful for the debtor 
to sell his land, so that the merchant have no damage of his approve- 
ments ; and saving always to the merchant his damages, and all necessary 
and reasonable costs of his labours, suits, delays, and expenses. And Debtoi'i 
if the debtor find pledges who acknowledge themselves to be principal soretiet 
debtcHs, aftsr the day umited, let it be done to the pledges in everythinff 
as is said of the principal debtor, as to the arrest of bodv, delivery m. 
lands, and other things. And when the lands of the debtors shaU be 
delivered unto the merchant, that he have seisin of all the lands that 
were in the hand of the debtor the day on which the recognizance was 
made, into whose hand soever they shall afterwards have come, either 
by feoffment, or otherwisa And after the debt has been paid, that 
the lands granted away by the debtor by feoffment return back to the 
f eoffeov as the other lands to the debtors. And if the debtor or pledge Merchant to 
die, that the merchant be not able to recover by taking the body of have ^^|l|^d 
the heir, but by his lands, as bef oresaid, if he be of age, or when he shall of^the'beir. 
be of age. 

And that a seal be provided, to serve for fairs, and this seal shall be j^ g^ai for fain, 
sent to every fair under the King's seal by a sworn clerk. And that by 
the keeper df the fair and the community of merchants, two lawful mer- 
chants of the city of I^ondon be chosen, who shall make oath, and the 
seal be opened before them, and the one piece be delivered unto the 
aforesaid merchants, and the other remain with the clerk ; and before 
tiiem, or one of the merchants (if both cannot attend) the recognizances 
be taken, as beforesald. And before any recognizance be enrolled, 
that the penalty of the statute be openly read bef eve the debtor ; so 
that at another time he cannot say that any put another penalty 
than that whereto he bound himself. And to provide the costs Duty to the 
of the said clerk, the Kins shall take of every pound a penny, in evenr ^.*°^^ ^ 
town where the seal shall be, except fairs, where he shall take three half- °^^^^^ 
pennies of the pound. This ormnance and act the King wills to be 
observed from henceforth throughout his realm of England and of Ireland, This Act not to 
between any that will of their own accord make such recognizances, extend to Jews 
except Jews, to whom this ordinance extends not And that by this Writ of Debt 
act the writ of debt be not abated; and that the Chancellor, the not abated. 
Buons of the Exchequer, Justices of tilie one Bench and of the other, ohanoeUor. 
and Justices in eyre, be not estopped from taking recognizances of Justices, Sto^ 
debts from any who wish to make such before them, but that the execu- JSm^i^™ 
tions of recognizances made before them shall be not done in the form asheretofor? 
afcHesaid, but by the law and usage and in the manner elsewhere pro- 
vided in another statute. 


13 EDWARD I. A.D. 1285. 

[Rbd Book of thb Exchequer in Ireland, fol. 97-119]. 

Statuta dni Regis Edwardi fit Regis henr' f ca apd Westm ad 
Pascha anno r sui Pciodecimo^ 

CD M nuper dominus iir Rex in quindena sancti Johannis 
Baptiste anno Regni sui sexto conuocatis Prel&tis 
Comitib3 Baronib3 % consilio suo apud Gloaoestriam quia 
plures de regno suo exheredacionem paciebant' eo qd in multis 
casibj vbi remedium apponi debuit ptius n5 fuit p j^decesBores 
8U0B aut ipm remedium prouisum ; quedam statuta populo suo 
valde necessaria % vtilia ediderit p que populus suus Angli- 
canus % Hibemicus sub suo regimine gubematus, oeleriorem 
iusticiam (^^ prius in suis oppre8sionib3 consecut^ est. Ac 
quidam casus in quib3 lex deficiebat remanserint indefminati 
quedam eciam ad reprimend o^ssione populi remanseiint 
statuenda; Dominns Rex in parleamento suo post Pascha anno 
Regni sui terciodecimo apud WestraonasViu multas opj^siones 
populi % lega defectus ad supplecionem dco^ statutoj^ apud 
Gloucestr edito}^ recitari fecit statuta eJidit ut patebit in 
DetenemeutiB Inprimis de tenementis que multociens dant' sub condicione 
eoodicione. videlicet cum aliq^s dat terram suam alicui viro « eius uxori 
« heredib3 de ipis viro % muliere pc^tis adiecta condicione 
exfissa tali, qd si bui^modi vir ^ mulier sine herede de ipis 
viro % mnliere procreate obissent, terra sic data ad donatorem 
vel ad eius beredem refitat'. In casu eciam cum quis dat 
tenementu in liberum maritagiu quod donu habet codicone 
annexam licet n5 exprimat' in Carta doni que talis est qd si 
vir % mulier sine herede de if^is procreato obierint, ten sic 
datum ad donatorem vel ad eius herede refitatur. In casu 
eciam cum quis dat tenementu alicui % heredib3 de corpore 

1 See writ (p. 46) 18th year, coxnxnandiDg oiBervance of this statnte in Irolaiid. 
It was re-enaoted for Ireland by statute in a PBrliajnent held in Dublin, 13 
Edward II., cap. 9. 

Xtll. EDWARb 1. l06 

13 EDWARD I. A.D. 1286. 

Thx Statutes of Westmikstbb (thb Sbcond). 

Statutxs or thb lobd Kino Edward, son or Kino Hsnbt, icadi at 


Whereas of late the lord the King, in the quinzaine of Saint John the 
Baptist* in the sixth year of his reign, having called together the Prelates, 
Earls, Barons, and his Gonncil at Gloucester, ^nd considering that divers 
of his realm were disherited, by reason that in many oases, where re- 
medy should have been applied, there was none provided by his pre- 
decessors, or himself, ordained certain statutes, very necessary and 
profitable for his people, whereby his people, English and .Irish, 
subject to his rule, have obtained more speedy justice in their oppressions, 
than they had before ; and certain cases, wherein the law failed, re- 
mained tmdetermined, and some things remained to be enacted, 
to restrain the oppression of the people : the lord the King in his 
Parliament, held after Easter, in the thirteenth year of his reign at 
Westminster, caused many oppressions of the people and defaults of 
the law, for the supplementing of the said statutes made at Gloucester, 
to be rehearsed, and provided statutes, as shall appear here following. 

L First, concerning tenements that many times are given upon con- of tenements 
dition, for instance, where anyone gives his land to any man and his ^^ti^° 
wife, and to the heirs begotten of the same man and woman, with such 
condition expressed that if suoh man and woman die without heir of the 
same man and woman begotten, the land so given shall revert to the donor 
or his heir. In case also where one gives a tenement in frank marriage, 
which gift has a condition annexed, though it be not expressed in the 
deed of gift, which is suoh, that if the husband and wife die without heir 
begotten of them, the tenement so given shall revert to the donor or his 
heir. In case also where one gives a tenement to another and the heirs 
of his body issuing ; it seemed hard, and yet seems, to such donors and 


8UO ezeutib3 duram vMebaf « adhuc Tid^tar donatorib3 
hui'modi « heredib3 donate^ qd Yolnntas ifSoJi in donis buLb 
ex^ssa n5 fiiit prios nee adhuo obSuata. In omib3 ecia 
predds casib3 post prolem soscitatam « ezeunte ab ipis 
quib3 ^^ sic fuit datum condicionaUter hacus(^ habnenint 
hui^modi feoffati potestatem alienandi ten sic datum « 
exheredandi exitum ifk^ oont^ voloHtatem donate]^ « formam 
in dono suo expressam. Et pref^ea cum deficiente exitu de 
hui'modi feofiBiitis ten sio datum ad donatorem vel ad eius 
heredes refiti debuit p formam in Carta de dono hui'modi 
ex^ssam lioet exitus si quis fuit obisset, p fcm « feoffiimentu 
eo^ quib3 ten sic fuit datum sub oondicione exclusi ffiint 
hucusq^ de reSsione ec^dem ten quod manifeste fuit oont^ 
formam sui doni ppP quod dns Rex ppendens qd noc^ % 
vtUe est in ^dcis ca8ib3 appofie remediu, statuit qd voluntas 
donatoris scdm formam in Carta doni sui manifeste exj^ssam, 
decef^o ob?uetur ita qd no lleant illi quib3 ten sic fuit datum 
sub condicione potestatem alienandi ten sic datum q<*min' 
ad exitum illoj^ quib3 ten sic ffiit datum remaneat post ec^ 
obitum vel ad donatore vel ad eius heredes si exitus defidat 
p hoc qd nullus exitus sic omnino vel si aliq% exitus f8it p 
mortem deficiet herede hui^modi exitus deficiente. Nee lieat 
decetero scds vir hui^modi mulieris aliquid in ten sic dato p 
condicom post morte uxoris sue p legem Angt. Nee 
exitus de scdo viro % muliere successione hereditariam set 
statim post mortem viri % mulieris quib3 ten sic fuit datum 
post eof obitum ad eoif. exitum vel ad donatore vel ad eius 
hered^m vt ^dcm est refitaf. Et quia in nouo casu nouii 
remediu est apponend fiat impetranti tale breue. Precipe A. 
qd iuste %c reddat B. tale maneriu cum ptin qd C. dedit 
tali viro % tali mulieri « heredib3 de ipiB viro « muliere 
exeuntib3 vel qd C. dedit tali viro in liberum mantagiil 
cum tali muliere « qd post mortem ^dcoji viri « mulieris 
^dco B. filio ^dco]^ viri « mulieris descendere debet p formam 
donacQis ^dce ut die vel qd C. dedit tali « heredib3 de 
oorpore suo exeuntib3 et qd post mortem ifSius talis ^oo 

Xltl. EDWARD I* 107 

their hem, jthat their will ezpreased in their gifts, was not hereto- 
f are, nor yet is obserred ; in all the cases aforesaid, after issne be- 
gotten and issuing from them, to whom the tenement was so given 
conditionally, heretofore such feoffees had power to alien the tenement 
so given, and to disinherit their issue of the tenement, contrary to the 
will of the donors, and to the form expressed in the gift. And further, 
on failure of the issue of such feoffees, the tenement so given ought 
to return to the donor, or his heirs, by form expressed in the deed of 
gift, though the issue, if any there were, had died ; by the deed and 
feoffment of those, to whom the tenement was so given upon condition, 
[the donors] have heretofore been barred of their reversion, which was 
manifestly repugnant to the form of their gift ; wherefore the lord 
the King, perceiving how necessary and expedient it is to provide in such gifts, 
remedy in the aforesaid cases, has ordained, that the will of the donor, ^SaU Im^ 
according to the form in the charter of his gift manifestly expressed, be obeerved. 
from henceforth observed ; so that they to whom the tenement was 
given nnder condition, have no power to alien the tenement so given, 
but that it remain to the issue of those to whom it was given after their 
death, or revert to the donor or his heir, if issue fail by reason that there 
is no issue at all, or if there be any issue it fail by death, the heir of such 
issue failing. Nor that the second husband of such woman, from 
henceforth, have any thing in the tenement so given upon condition, 
after the death of his wife, by the law of England, nor the issue of the 
second husband and the wife succeed in the inheritance, but immediately 
after the death of the husband and wife, to whom the tenement was 
so given, after their death it come to their issue, or revert to the donor, 
or his heir, as before is said. 

And forasmuch as in a new case a new remedy must be provided. Writs of 
let this manner of writ be granted to the party seeking it ; Praecipe. A. Descender. 
quod juste, due, reddat B, tale maneriutn. cum pertinentiis, quod C. 
dedit tali viro do tali mulieri, ds haeredihus de ipsis viro <£r m%diere 
exeuniibus (or thus) : — Quod C, dedit tali viro in liberum maritagium 
cum tali muliere, dr quod post mortem praedictorum viri ds mulieris, prae- 
dicto JEf. filio praedictorum viri ds mvlieris descendere debet per formam 
dotuUionis praedictae, ut dicit, (or thus) : — Quod C. dedit tali de haeredibus 
de corpore suo exeuniibus, <k quod post mortem ipsius talis, praedicto B, 


R filio ^ci talis desoendere debet p formam «c. Breue p 
qaod donator habet recupare suu deficiente exitu satis est in 
USQ in Cancellitf^. Et sciend est qd hoc statutu quo ad 
alienacom tenementi contra formam doni imposteru facienda 
locu habet « ad dona p^ f ca no extendit^ Et si finis sap 
hoi'modi ten imposteru leuef^, ifSo iure sit nullus nee habent 
heredes aut illi ad qaos spectat refisio, licet plene siut etatis 
in Angt % extra p^nam necesse appofie clamiu snu. 
Deponeftd Quia dni feodo^ distringentes tenentes sues p fviciis sibi 

def«nd«ntia. d^bitis multociens g^uantur p hoc qd tenentes sui districtinn 
soam p bre ut sine bii replegiafiint ac ipi dni cu ad queri- 
moniam tenendu suoj^ ad Comitatu vel ad aliam Goiiam 
habentem potestatem placitandi placita de vetito namio p 
attachiamentu vefiint 9b racionabilem « instam districtom 
aduocafiint p hoc qd tenentes deaduocant nichil tenere nee 
clamare tenere de eo qui districtom fecit % aduocaoit remanet 
qui dist^nxit in mia « tenentes sui quieti qmb3 p ilia 
deaduocacone p reoordu Coih sine aliaj^ Curia^ que reooidu 
no habent pena infligi no potest, decePo pmsum est « statutu 
qd cum hui'modi dni in Co& ut in hui^modi Gur justiciam de 
hui'modi tenentib3 suis consequi no possint <^^ cito attachiati 
fuerint ad sectam tenenciu suo^ conoedat^ eis breue ad 
ponendu loquelam coram Justic coram quib3 « non alibi 
iustida hui'modi dnis exhiberi poPit Et inseratur causa in 
breui, Quia talis dist^nxit in feodo suo p s^uicio « consuetud 
sibi debitis nee p istud statutu derogat^^ legi cdi vsitate que 
a5 pmisit placitum aliqnod poni coram Justic ad peticom 
defendentis quia licet prima facie videat' tenens actor « dns 
defendens liito tamen reepectu ad hoc, qd dns dist^ngit « seq^t' 
p fnicio % Gonsuetudine sibi a n^tro existentib3 realiP pocius 
apparebit actor sine querens (^^ defendens. Et vt in dto sint 
Justic de qua recenti seisina pot'utdni aduocare i^onabDem 
districtom sup tenentes sues ; deoef^o concordatu est qd ronabii 
districto poPit aduocari de seisina antecessor vel ^deceeso^ 
suo^ a tepe quo breue none dissle currit. C. Et quia all- 
quando contingit qd cum tenens postq^^ replegiauerit afiSa sua 


iUio praedidi talis deseendere dthet per formam, dfc. The writ whereby 

tlie donor has his recovery on failure of issue, is well in use in the 

Chancery. And it is to be understood that this statute shall hold 

piaoe as to an alienation of a tenement contrary to the form of the gift 

hereafter to be made, and shall not extend to gifts made before ; and if a 

fine be levied hereafter upon such tenement, that it be void in the law, A fine shan not 

nor have the heirs, or they to whom the reversion belongs, though in talL^ 

they be of full age, within England, and out of prison, need to make 

their daiuL 

II. Forasmuch as lords of fees distraining their tenants for services ^,1^ gf f^„^ ^^^ 
due to them, are frequently aggrieved, because their tenants do re- S^ tSSant 
plevy the distress by writ, or without writ ; and when the lords them- 
selves, at the complaint of their tenants, shall have come by attachment 
to the county [court], or to another court, having power to hold pleas of 
withernam, and avowed the distraint as good and lawful, by reason that 
the tenants disavow holding anything, nor claim to hold of him who 
made the distress and avowed it, he that distrained remains amerced, 
and his tenants go quit ; on whom punishment cannot be inflicted ior 
such disavowal by record of the county, or of other courts not having 
recOTd ; it is provided and ordained from henceforth, that where such 
lords cannot obtain justice in County or such courts against their 
tenants, as soon as they be attached at the suit of their tenants, a writ a Becordare 
be granted to them to remove the plea before the Justices, before whom ^^^SPoot ^^ 
and not elsewhere, justice may be ministered unto such lords. And that q t^"**^ 
there be inserted in the writ the cause wherefore such a man distrained 
in his fee for services and customs to him due ; nor by this Statute 
is the common law in use taken away, which did not permit any 
plea to be moved before justices at the suit of the defendcuit ; 
for though it appear at first sight that the tenant is plaintiff, and the 
lord defendant^ nevertheless, having respect to this, that the lord 
distrains, and sues for services and customs in arrear, he will 
appear rather to be actor, or plaintiff, than defendant. And 
that the Justices may know upon what fresh seisin the lords 
may avow the distress reasonable upon their tenants ; it is agreed 
that from henceforth reasonable distress may be avowed upon 
the seisin of their ancestors or predecessors from the time that the 
writ of Nmd disseisin runs. And because it sometimes happens that 


« afiia ilia vendit % elongat quominus retamu fieri possit dno 
distringenii si adiudicet', puisum est qd vie aut balliai deoet^o 
no redpiant a 00Qqaere]itib3 solum^ pleg de psequendo anteq^^ 
delibacom faciant de afiiis set ecia de aSiis retomand si 
adiudicet retamu. Et si qois alio modo plegios reoepit, 
respondeat ipe de ^cio a&o^ % lieat dns dist^ngens recupare p 
bre qd reddat ei tot afiia uel tot catalla. £t si n5 feeat 
balliaas vnde reddat, reddat supior suus. C. Et quiff aliqn 
contingit qd postc^^ adiudicatum ffiit dist^ngenti retumu afiioji 
« sic dist*ctus pV^^ afiia sic retomata ifum replegiafiit cam 
viderit dist^ngente copente in Curia paratom sibi respondere 
defaltam fefit; ob c^^ iPum adiudicabit' dist^ngenti returnu 
afiio]^ « sic bis tercio % in infinitu replegiabunt' affia nee 
habebut indicia Curie dni Regis in hoc casu effcm sup quo 
no fuit prius remediu puisum ; Ordinat^ est in hoc casu talis 
pcessus qd c^^cito adiudicatum ffiit dist^ngenti retumu afiic^ 
p bre de iudicio mandet^^ vie qd returnu hre faciat dist^ngenti 
de aSiis in quo breui qd vie ea no deliCet sine bri in quo fiat 
mencio de iudicio p Justiciarios reddito quod fieri no pof it 
nisi p bre quod exeat de rotulis Justiciar coram quib3 deducta 
fuerit loquela. Cum igit' adierit Justic % petierit iPum a8ia 
replegian, fiat ei hoc bre de iudicio, qd vie capta securitate 
de psequend % eciam de a3iis uel catallis retornand uel e<^ 
^cio si adiudicet^ retumu, deliBet ei afiia vel catalla prius 
retornata % attachiet^ ille qui dist^nxit ad veniendu ad £tum 
diem coram Justic cora quib3 placitum deducat' in ^sencia 
parciu. Et si iPato ille qui replegiafiit fe&t defidta vel alia 
occasione adiudicet' retumu districtionis iam bis repl^ 
remaneat districto ilia imppetuu irreplegiabilis set si de 
nouo % de noua causa fiat districtio de noua districtione Suet' 
pcessus sup^ics. 
De ten. quod In casu quando vir amisit p defaltam tenementu quod fait 
amiMo'per**'^^* ius uxoris sue durum fuit quod uxor post mortem viri 
defaltam viri. gui no feuit aliud recupare q^* p bre de recto, ppP 
quod dns Bex statuit qd mulier post morte viri soi 
heat recupare p bre de ingressu cui if^ in vita sua con- 


the tonality after he has replevied his beasts, sells or eloins them, whereby 
return cannot be made unto the lord that distrained, if it be adjudged ; 
it is provided, that sherifib or bailifib from henceforth not only receive 
from the plaintifiEs pledges to prosecute the suit, before they make 
deUveranoe of the beasts, but also for the return of the beasts, if return Pledges to 
be adjudged. And if any shall have taken pledges othemnse, let Beplevlii. 
him answer fcHr the price of the beasts, and the l(vd that distrains 
have his recovery by writ, that he restore to him so many beasts or 
cattle; and if the bailiff have not whereof to restore, that his 
superior restore. And forasmuch as it sometimes happens that after 
the return of the beasts has been adjudged to the distrainor, and the Beplevin of 
party so distrained, after the beasts are returned, replevies them judgment for 
again, when he shall see the distrainor appearing in court ready to '^^^'™' 
answer him, shaD make default, whereby return of the beasts ought to 
be awarded again unto the distrainor, and so the beasts shall be reple- 
vied twice or thrice, and infinitely, and the judgments of tiie King's 
Court shaJl have no effect in this case, upon which there was no remedy 
provided; in this case such process is ordained, that so soon as 
return of the beasts shall be awarded to the distrainor, the sheriff 
be commanded by a writ of judgment to make return of the beasts to 
the distrainor; in which writ it shall be expressed, that the sheriff 
deliver them not without writ, in which mention is made of the 
judgment given by the justices, which cannot be d<nie except by a 
writ which may issue out of the rolls of the justices before whom 
the plea was moved. Therefore when he comes to the justices, and Writ of second 
desires replevin of his beasts again, that he have a writ of judg- deliv«"*°<^^ 
ment that the sheriff taking surety for the prosecution, and also 
of the beasts or chattels to be returned, or the price of them, if return 
be awarded, deliver to him the beasts or chattels before returned, and that 
the distraincv be attached to come at a certain day before the Justices, 
before whom the plea was moved, in presence of the parties ; and if he 
who replevied make default again, or for another cause return of the Distress irre- 
distress be awarded, being now twice replevied, that distress remain ^ ® ^ ®* 
for ever irrepleviable ; but if a distress be taken anew, and for a new 
cause, that the process abovesaid be observed in the new distress. 

HL In case when a man lost by default the tenement which Of a tenement 
was the right of his wife, it was hard that the wife, after the ^^s r^t 
death of her husband, had no other recovery but by a writ^he\^nd. 
of right ; wherefore the lord the King has ordained, that a woman, 
after the death of her husband, have recovery by a writ of entry. 


tradift no potuit qd in forma ^ca erit placitand si oont* 
petioom mulieris tenena excipiat qd huit ingrm p iudiciu « 
oompto qd p de&ltam ad quod tenena ncce habet respondeie 
si ab 60 qaeraf tuc ncce habet ultlas ostend^e ins suii sodm 
formam breuis qnod prius impet^t sup viram « vzorem. 
Et si verificare poterit qd ius habet in tenemento petite 
nichil capiat mulier p bro suu quod si ostend^e n6 poKt, 
recnpet mnlier ten petitam hoc obsfiato qd si vir absentafiit 
se « nolfiit ius uxoris sue defendere vel inuita uxore reddere 
voluerity si uxor ante iudiciu venerit parata petenti rospondere 
« ius suu defendere admittat^^ uxor. Eodem modo si tenens 
in dotem p legem Angt vel aliter ad Pminu Tite vel p donu in 
quo reseruat' refisio fefit defaltam vel reddere voluerit 
admittant' heredes % illi ad quos spec tat refisio ad responsione 
si vefiint ante iudiciu. Et si sup defaltam vel reddicom 
reddatur iudiciu tuc heant heredes « illi ad quos spectat 
refisio post morte hui'modi teneciQ recupe p bre de ingressu 
in quo fuet'^ idem pcessus sicut dcm est sup* in casu vbi vir 
amittit p defaltam tenementii uxoris « sic in casib3 ^dcis due 
concurrut actiones vna inf petente % tenente « alia inS 
pet^nte^ ius suu ostendente « petentem. In casu quando vir 
implacitat^ de tenemento reddit ten petitQ adfitorio suo de 
piano post mortem viri Justic adiudicant mulieri dotem suani, 
si p breue petat set in casu quando vir amittit ten petitO p 
defaltaiUf si mulier post morte viri sui petat dotem comptu 
est qd p aliquos Justic adiudicata ffiit doe mulieri petenti no 
obstante defalta qua vir suus fecit coram aliis Justic in 
oont^ria oppinione existentib3 % cont^u iudicantib3, Yt de 
cef o hui^modi ambiguitas amputetur sic in ^ ordinata est 
qd in vt^ casu audiaf mulier qui dotem petit. Et si 
excipiat^ cont* ipam qd vir ipius ten vnde dos petita est 
amisit p iudiciu p quod dotem hre no debet. Et si querat' 
p quod iudiciu « comptu ffiit qd p de&ltam ad quod 

^Tanentwn in 3UiHU$ BolU England, 


whefeio she ooold not disagree during his life, whioh shall be pleaded 
in form aforesaid : if the tenant do except against the demand of 
the ^irife, that he had entry by judgment, and it be found by 
defatdt, whereto the tenant of necessity must make answer, if it be 
demanded of him, then it is necessary for him further to show his 
right according to the form of the writ that he purchased before 
against the husband and the wife. And if he can verify that he has 
right in the tenem^it demanded, the woman shall take nothing by her 
writ ; which, if he cannot show, the woman shall recover the tenement 
in demand ; this being observed, that if the husband absented himself, and 
would not defend his wife's right, or against his wife's consent wished to 
render it» if the wife came before judgment, ready to answer the demand- 
ant» and to defend her right, that the wife bo admitted. likewise if 
tenant in dower, by the law of England, or otherwise for term of life, 
or by gift, in whioh the rov^Bion is reserved, made default* or wished 
to surrender, the heirs, and they to whom the reversion belongs bo ad- 
mitted to their answer if they shall have come before judgment ; and 
if upcm such default, or surrender, judgment be given, that then the 
heirs, and they unto whom the revision belongs after the death of 
such tenants, have their recovery by a writ of entry, in which like 
process shall be observed as is aforesaid, in case where the husband by 
default loses his wife's tenement ; and so in the cases aforesaid two 
actions do concur, one between the demandant and tenant, and 
another between the tenant showing his right, and the demandant. 

IV. In case where the husband, being impleaded for a tenement* too wife endow- 
easily gives up the tenement demanded to his adversary ; after the JS^j^j^J^ 

death of the husband, the justices award the wife her dower, if she ^^^!°*^ J'^' 

nnsDanci Dy 
demand it by writ; but in case where the husband loses the tenement defMlt. 

in demand by default, if the wife, after the death of her husband, do- 
mand her dower, it has been found, that some justices have awarded 
unto the woman her dower notwithstanding the default which her 
husband made, other justices being of the contrary opinion, and judging 
to the contrary ; that from henceforth such ambiguity may be taken 
away, it is thus ordained for certain, that in both cases the woman de- 
manding her dower bo heard ; and if it be alleged against her, that her 
husband lost the tenement, whereof the dower is demanded, by judg- 
rnent^ whereby she ought not to have dower, and if it be enquired by 
what judgment, and it be found that it was by default, whereunto the 


ncce habet respondere tQc oporiet tenente yltias reBpondere 
% ostendere qd ipe tenens ius habuit « habet in ^co tea acdm 
forma bris quod p^' sup vinun impet^it. £t si ostendere 
poPit qd vir mulieris no habuit ius in ten nee aliqub alius 
q^^ ipe qui tenet tiic reoedat quiet' « vxor nichil capiat de 
dote quod si ostendere no poPit, recupet mulier dotem suam. 
£t sic in casib3 istis « in quib3dam 8equentib3, scilicet quando 
vxor dotata amittit dotem p defaltam % tenetes in maritagiu 
p legem Angt % ad Pminu vite « feodu talliatu cocurrut 
pluree actiones quia hui'modi tenentes cum opteat eos peFe 
ten sua p de£altam amissa, « ad hoc puentum f 6it qd tenens 
necesse habet ostendere ius bug no possiit ipi sine hiis ad 
quoe spectat refisio de iure respondere « ideo conoedit^ eis qd 
vocent ad Warantu ac si essent tenentes si Warantum fieant 
% cu Warantus Warantizatfiti poedat pladtum inP ilium qui 
seisitus est % Warantu sodm tenore breuis quod tenens prius 
impetrauit « p quod recupauit p defaltam % sic ex plurib3 
actionib3 ad vltimu puenietur ad vnum iudiciu videlicet ad 
hoc qd hui'modi petentes recupent petidonem suam vel qd 
tenentes eant quieti. Et si actio hui'modi tenentis qui ncoe 
habet ostendere ius suum mota ffiit p bre de recto licet 
magna assisa vel duellum iungi non possunt p verba coDsneta, 
iungi tarn possunt p verba sads apta^ quia cu tenentes in hoc 
qd ostendunt ius suu quod competit els p bre quod prius impe- 
t^fiit sio loco actoris .bene poPit Waiunt' defendere ius tenentis 
qui loco petentis vt dcm est habetur « seisinam antecessoris 
sui % o£ferre % defendere p corpus liberi hominis sui vel pofie 
se in magnam assisam « pePe reoognicbm fieri vtrum ipe mains 
ius heat in tenemto petite, an ^dcus talis vel alio mode poftt 
iugi magna assisa sic, Talis Warant^ defed^ ius ^ « cognoscit 
seisinam antecessoris sui % ponit se in Tnii£rn«^nf^ mmi^ m % 
petit recognicbm fieri vtrum ipe maius ius heat in teii ^doo vt 
in illo de quo feoffiiuit tale vel qd talis remisit « quietu 
clamauit %c an ^dcs talis. 

De muliere Cvm aliqiiando contingat qd mulier nd habens ius petendi 

i?i!f^*®"^ dotem herede alicui' infra etatem existente impetret hre de 


tenant mast answer ; then it behoves the tenant to answer further, and 
to show that he had right, and has, in the aforesaid tenement^ according 
to the form of the writ that he purchased befwe against the husband. 
And if he can show that the husband of the wife had not right in the 
tenement, nor any other than he who holds it, that the tenant go quit, 
and the wife recover nothing of her dower ; which thing if he cannot 
show, that the wife recover her dower. 

And so in these cases, and in certain others following, that is to say, ^™®JJ^/**'m. 
when the wife being endowed loses her dower by default, and tenants Ac who lose 
in marriage, by the law of England, or for term of life, or in fee-tail, default 
divers actions concur ; for such tenants, when they ought to demand 
their tenements lost by default, and when it is come to this 
that the tenant is compelled to show his rights they cannot make 
answer without those to whom the reversion of right belongs ; there- 
fore it is granted unto them to vouch to warranty, as if they were 
tenants, if ^ey have a warranty. And when the warrantor has 
warranted, that the plea pass between him who is seised and the 
warrantor, according to the tenor of the writ that the tenant purchased 
before, and by which he recovered by default; and so from many 
actions it comes at length to one judgment, which is this, that such 
demandants recover their demand, or that the tenants go quit. And 
if the action of such a tenant, who is compelled to show his right, be 
moved by a writ of right, though the great assise or duel cannot be joined 
by the words accustomed, yet they may be joined by words convenient : 
for when the tenants, in that they show their right which belongs to them, 
by the writ that they befwe purchased, [are] so in place of plaintiff, the 
warrantor may well defend the right of the tenant, who is accounted 
in place of the demandant as before is said, and offer to defend the seisin 
of his ancestor by the body of lus freeman, or put himself upon the 
great, assise, and pray recognition to be made, whether he have more 
right in the 'tenement demanded, or the i>arty before named ; or 
otherwise the great assise may be joined thus : Talis warrantua defendit 
jus, ike, et cognoscU seisinam arUecessoris sui ei ponit se in magnam 
assiscbfn, et petit reeognitianem fieri utrum ipse majus jus habeat in tene- 
menio praedicto ut in iUo de qiM feoffavit talenif t^ quod talis remisit 
ei guietum clamavit, <fke,, an praedictus talis. 

And where sometimes it happens that a woman, not having right to Of a woman 

demand dower, the heir being under age, purchases a writ of dower dower a^nst 





amiBBa per 

De terra 
amiesa per 

De maritagio 
amiflso per 

De aduoca- 
cione eccleBia* 

dote sup custodem et custos p figiuore muli^ dotem reddiderit 
vel defaltam fefit vel placitu inP eos ita ficte p oollnsioiie 
defendent p quod dos mulieii hui'modi in ^uidiciu h^nedis 
adiudicata fuerit ; puiBum est qd heres cum ad etatem paeffit 
heat actionem petendi seisinam anteoessoris sui uersus 
hui^modi mulierem qoalem hret &us alium quecu(^ deforaa- 
tore. Ita tn qd salua sit mulieri fisus petente exoepcio 
ostendendi qd ius lleatin dote sua quod si ostendere poPit reoedat 
quieta « dotem suam retineat % sit heres in mia % aficdet^ 
gHuf^ sodm diucrecom Justic, sin aute recupet heres peticom 
suam. C. Eodem modo Suet' mulieri si heres vel alius earn 
implacitafiit de dote sua si dotem suam p defaltam amiserit 
in quo casu sua defalta nO sit ei ita ^iudicialis quia dotem 
suam si ius heat recupare possit « fiat ei tale breue. Precipe 
A. qd iuste %c, reddat tali que fuit vxor talis tantam terram 
cum ptin in tali villa qua clam esse racionabilem dotem suam 
vel de racionabili dote siia et qua ^dcs talis ei deforc. C. £t 
ad istud bre heat tenens excepcom suam ostendendo qd ius 
no habet in dote, quod si verificare pot'it, recedat quietus. 
Alioquin recupet mulier ten quod prius tenuit in dotem. Et 
cum tempib3 retroactis aliquis amisisset Pra suam p defaltam 
nO huit aliud recupare q^^ p bre de recto quod eis oompePe no 
potuit qui de mero iure loqui nO poPunt veluti tenentes ad 
Pminu vite vt p liberum maritagiu vel p feodum talliatum in 
quib3 c^b3 saluat' refisio ', prouisum est qd decePo n5 sit eoj^ 
defalta eis ita ^iudicialis quin statum suu si i^ heant recupare 
possint p aliud bre q^^ p bre de recto. 

C. De maritagio amisso p defaltam, fiat bre tale. Precipe 
A. quod iuste «c reddat £. maneriu tale cu ptin quod clam 
esse ius ^ maritagiu suu % quod ^dcs tat ei iniuste defoic. 
Eodem modo de tenemento tento ad Pminu vite p defalta 
amisso fiat breue. Precipe tali qd iuste «c reddat tali tmLffinTn 
%c quod clam tenere ad Pminum vite^sue % qd talis ei iniuste 
%c similiP qd clam tenere sibi % heredibus suis de corpore sue 
exeuntib3 et quod talis ei iniuste %c. 

Cvm de aduocacionib3 ecci^ nO sint nisi tria breuia 
originalia vidett bre de r%o « duo de possessione sdlioet 

Xni. EDWARD 1. 117 

against a gnardian, and the guardian ehaU restare the dower of the 
woman by favour, or shall make default* or by coUusion defend the 
plea so faintly, whereby the woman shall be awarded her dower in 
prejudice of the heir : it is provided, that the heir, when he shall come 
to age^ have an action to demand the seisin of his ancestor against such 
a woman, as he should have against any other deforceor ; yet so, that 
the woman have her exception saved against the demandant, to show 
that she have right to her dower, which if she can show, that she go 
quit and retain her dower, and the heir be in mercy and be heavily 
amerced, according to the discretion of the justices ; and if not, that 
the heir recover his demand, &o. 

In like manner that the woman be protected, if the heir or any Of dower 
other implead hCT for her dower, if she lose her dower by default, ** ^ ® * 
in which case her default shall not be so prejudicial to her, but that she 
recover her dower, if she have right, and that she have this writ : 
Praecipe A. quod jtute, dsc, reddat tali quae fnil uxor Udia tantam 
terram cum pertineniiie in tali villa quam damat esse raeionabilem dotem 
suam, vd de racionabili dote sua, ei quam pm^ediciua talis ei deforceat. 
And to this writ that the tenant have his exception, to show that she 
had no right in the dower ; which if he can verify, he shall go quit ; 
if not, that the woman recover the tenement which before she had in 

And when in times past, anyone had lost his land by default, he of land lost 
had no other recovery than by a writ of right, which was not com- ^ de^*^t. 
petent to those who could not claim of mere right, as tenants for term 
of life, in frank marriage, or in fee-tail, in which cases a reversion is re- 
served ; it is provided, that from henceforth their default be not so 
prejudicial, but that they may recover their estate by another writ 
than by a writ of right, if they have right 

For land in frank marriage, lost by default, such a writ shall be made: Of marriage 
— Praeevpe A. quod juste, dsc, reddat B. manerium tale cum pertinentiis, defanft. 
quod damai esse jus et maritagium suum, et quod praedietus talis ei injuste 
deforeeaL Likewise of a tenement held for term of life, lost by default. For tenant 
this writ shall be mlule :— Praecipe tali quod juste, dec, reddai tali '^' ^^^^' 
maneriumt dfc, quod damat tenere ad terminum vilae suae, ei quod talis 
€% injusie, Ac; likewise quod damat tenere sibi, et Jiaeredibus suis de For tenant 
eorport sua exeuntHms, et quod talis ei injuste, die. 

V. Whereas of advowsons of churches there are but three original writs. Of advowson 
that is to say, the writ of right, and two of possession, namely, darrein ^ ^ arches. 

118 £ARLt StAtUTBS OF tRELAl^D. 

vltime ^sentadonis « qnare impedit « hncaac^ vsitiitam 
fuerit in r^gno qd cum aliquis ins no habens ^aentaadi 
^aentafiit ad aliq^ eocam cuius ^sentatus sic admiasas ipe 
qni Tenu est patronus p nullu aliud bro recupare potnit 
aduocacoiu suam q^* p bre de recto quod habet Pminari p 
duellum vel p magnam asa^m p quod heredes infra etatera 
exislentes p fraudem « negligecia custodum heredes edam 
fliue maiores sine minores p negligenciam vel p fraude tenedu 
p legem Angt vel mulieru tenenciu in dotem vel alio 
modo ad Pminu vite vel annoj^ vel p feodum talliatom 
multociens exheredacom paciebant^^ de aduocacoib3 suis vel 
ad minus qd melius eis fuit ponebant'^ ad bre de recto « in 
casn oroino ezheredati extiPint bueusc^; statutnm est qd 
hui'roodi ^sentaciones no sint hui^modi rectis heredib5 ant 
illis ad quos post mortem aliqno^ hui'modi adnocadones 
refid debent ita ^iudiciales quin quocienscuq^ aliquis ins 
n5 habens tempe hui^modi custodii^ ^sentafiit, vel tempore 
tenenciu in dotem vel p legem Angt vel alio modo ad f minu 
vite vt annoj^ vel p feodum talliatum in pxia vacacone postq^^ 
heres ad etatem puefiit vel aduocaco post morte in forma 
^dca tenenciu ad heredem plene etatis existente refitit'; 
habeat eandem actionem « excepcom p bre de aduocacioDc 
possessoriu quale tiret vltimus antecessor hui^modi heredis 
plenam habons etatem in vltima vacacione tempe suo acci- 
dentem ante mortem suam vel B,hc^^ dimissio fca fuit ad 
fminu vel ad feodu talliatum vt ^dcm est hoc idem obfuetur 
de ^sentacionibj fcis ad ecctias de hereditate vlxos^ tempore 
quo fuerint sub potestate vir(^ su(^ qaib3 p istud statntu 
subueniat' p remediu supradcm viris eciam religiosis Epis 
Archidis rectoiibus occi^ % aliis psonis eccasticis p Olud 
idem statutum snbueniat^ Si aliquis ius n5 tins ^sentandi 
^sentafiit ad eccas domib3 ^uis ^lacie dignitati aut psonatui 
spectantes tpe quo vacafiint ^lacie dignitates aut psonatuB 
hui^modi. Nee tamen ita large intelligat' istud statutu 
qd psone ad quaj^ remediu statutu istud est editu lieant 
recupare suum sup'^cra dicentes qd custodes tenentes in 

Xlli. EDWARD i. 119 

presenimenit and quart impedii ; and hitherto it has been used in the 
realm, that when any not having right to present^ had presented to any 
choroh, whose presentee so being admitted, he who is true patron 
could reooYer his advowson by no other writ than by a writ of right, 
which has to be determined by the dnel or by the great assise, 
whereby heirs nnder age, by frand, and by negligence of their 
guardians, and heixs whether of full age or nnder age, by negligence 
or frand of tenants by the law of England, women tenants in dowen 
or otherwise for term of life, or years, or in fee-tail, many times 
suffered disherison of their advowsons, or at least, which was the 
better for them, were pnt to their writ of right, and in that case 
hitherto they were utterly disinherited : it is provided, that such pre- 
sentations be not so prejudicial to the right heirs, or to those to whom 
snoh advowBons ought to revert after the death of any persons: for 
as often as any man not having right, shall have presented during the 
time that such heirs are in ward, or during the estates of tenants in 
dower, by the law of England, op otherwise for term of life, or of years, 
or in tail, at the next avoidance, when the heir shall have come to age, 
or when after the death of the tenants in form aforesaid, the advow- 
son revert to the heir being of full age, that he shall have such action \7rit of 
and exception by possessory writ of advowson, as the last ancestor of p^^^^^? 
such an heir, being of full age, should have had at the last avoidance 
in his time^ happening before his death, or before the demise was made 
for term of life, or in fee-tail, as is beforesaid. The same shall be observed 
of presentations made to churches, of the inheritance of wives, while 
they were under the power of their husbands, to whom aid may be 
g;iven by this statute by the remedy aforesaid. Also that men of 
religion, bishops, archdeacons, rector of churches, and other ecclesias- 
tical persons, be aided by this statute, if any not having right of pre- 
sentation shall have presented to churches, belonging to their houses, 
prelacy, dignity, or parsonage, while such prelacies, dignities, or 
parsonages have been vacant. 

Neither shall this statute be so largely understood, that persons, for 
whose remedy this statute was ordained, have their recovery afore- 


dotem p l^pem Angt vei alias ad f minu Tite vol axkncf vet 
viri ficte defenderunt pladtum p ipos vel oont^ ipos motu 
quia iadicia in Curia Regis reddita p istud statutu n5 adni- 
chilent' set stet iudiciu in suo robore q^^usc^ p iudiciu Curie 
Re^ tauK^^ erroniu si error inueniat', adnullet' vol assia^ ultie 
^sentaoionis vel inquisicio p bre quare impedit ai thiaierit 
p attinetam vel ftificaconem adnnllet'^ que gratis oonoedat^ 
£t decePo vna forma placitandi in breuib3 Tltime ^aenta- 
cionis % quare impedit inP Justic obSnet'^ quo ad hoc qd si 
para rea excipiat de plenitudine eocie p suam ppriam 
^sentacom, no ppf^ iUam plenitudine remaneat loquela 
dumodo breue infra semestre temp^ impetret'^ %*%^ infra 
infra aemestre temp^ ^aentacio recupari nd possit. Et cum 
aliqn inP clamantes plures aduocacom alicui' eccie pax ffiit 
formata inP partes « inrotulata coram Justic in rotulo vel in 
fine sub hac forma qd vnus primo ^sentot et in sequenti 
vacadone alius, « in Pcia Pcius et sic de plurib3 si plures aint 
Et cum vnus ^eentafiit « habfiit suam ^sentacbm quam tie 
debet p formam illius oonuencionis et in pxia vacacione 
impediat^^ ille ad que spoctat seques ^sentacio impediaf p 
alique qui fuit para illiua conuencionis vel lo^ eius ; statute 
eat qd deoePo no heat bui^modi impedit^ neoesse pquirere bre 
quare impedit set heat recursum ad rotulum vel ad finem et si 
in rotulo vel in fine compta f&it ^dca pax vel oonuencio^ man- 
detur vie qd scire faciat parti impedienti qd sit ad alique breue 
diem continete spadum quindecim di^ vel triu septimana]^ 
scdm qd locus est ppinquus vel remotus oatens si quid sciat 
di& quare talis ^sentacom suam habere nd debeat. Et si no 
venerit vel forte vefiit nichil sciat di& quare sic impedit' 
^sentacom suam haBe n5 debeat radone alicui' fci poet 
pacem irrotulatam vel cirog^hatam recupet ^sentacionem 
suam cum dampnis suis. Et cu contingat qd post mortem 
ancessor qui ad aliquam eccam ^sentauit assignata ffiit ilia 
adnocacio in dotem alicui' mulieris vel teneatur p l^^em 
Angt % tenentes in dotem vel p legem Angt ^sentaitit % verus 
heres p't mortem hui'modi tenenciu p l^;em vel in dotem 

Xm. EDWARD L 121 

said, aaflertiiig that goardians, tenants in dower, by the law of England* 
or otherwise for term of life, or of years, or husbands, have faintly 
defended pleas moved by them, or against them ; because the judg- 
ments given in the King's Court are not annulled by this statute, but ^?^P^°^ 
the judgment is to stand in its force, until it be reversed by judgment good untU 
of the King's Court as erroneous, if error be found ; or assise of darrein 
pruenimenif or inquest by a writ of quare impedU, if it be passed, be 
annulled by attaint, or certification, which may be freely granted. And 2^Jj2JS2^ 
that from henceforth one form of pleading be observed among justices ^^ ^^j^,..^ 
in writs of darrein presentment and quare impedU, in this respect, if the within six 
defendant alleges plenarty of the church by his own presentation, that 
the plea be not delayed by reason of the plenarty ; provided that the writ 
be purchased within six months, though he cannot recover his presen- 
tation within the six months. And sometimes when an airreement I^rewntation 
,„,, ,, ,..,, . bytnmsundef 

snail have been made between many claiming the advowson of any an agreement 

church, and inrolled before the justices in the roll, or by fine, in this 
form, that one shall present the first time, and at the next avoid- 
ance another, and the third time a third ; and so of many, in case 
there be many : and when one shall have presented, and had his 
presentation, which he ought to have, according to the form of their 
agreement, and at the next avoidance he to whom the succeeding 
presentation belongs, is disturbed by any who was party to the said 
agreement, or by some other in his stead ; it is provided, that Bemedy for 
from henceforth he who is so disturbed have no need to sue a 
writ of quare impedit, but that they resort to the roll or fine ; 
and if the said concord or agreement be found in the roll or fine, 
then that the sheriff be commanded that he notify to the disturber, 
that he be ready at some short day, containing the space of fifteen 
days, or three weeks, as the place happens to be near or far, to show if 
he can aUege any thing, wherefore such party ought not to have his 
presentation. And if he come not, or peradvonture come, and can 
all^e nothing to bar the party of his presentation, by reason of any 
thing done since the agreement was enrolled or written, that he recover 
his presentation with his damages. And where it happens that after Remedy for 
the death of the ancestor who presented to a church, the same advowson p^JSntoSSi*** 
shall have been assigned in the dower of any woman, or be held by ttie f^IJtXf^^' 
law of Bngland, and the tenants in dower or by the law of England shall ended, 
have presented, and after the death of such tenants by the law of 


impediat' ^sentare cu eccia vacafiLt, poisum est qd deoePo nt 
in Alectione impediti ytru pquirere velit p bre qoare imped* vel 
vltime pre8entacoi& Hoc eoiam obfuetur de adaocac6ib3 
dimissis ad Pminu vite vt annc^ vel ad feodum talliatom. 
Et decePo ia bnb3 vltime j^sentacioms « quare impedit 
adiudicont'^ dampna vidett si tempus semestre t^naierit p 
impedimentu alicoitis. Ita qd Eps eccam cooferat « venu 
patronoB ea vice ^sentacbm suam amittat adiudioenf dampna 
ad valorem eccie de daob3 annis. Et si temp^ n5 t*nsimt 
set disronef^ ^sentacio infra tempus ^dcm tuc adiudicent' 
dampna ad valorem medietatis eoce p annu. Et si impeditor 
nichil Keat vnde restitfie possit dampna in casu quando Eps 
confert p lapsum temporis puniat' p p^nam du<^ anm^. 
Et si aduocacio disronetur infra temp' semestre, puniat*^ tamen 
impeditor p p'sonam dimidii anni. Et decetero ooncedanf 
breuia de oapellis ^bendis vicariis ho8pitalib3 Abbatiis 
Prioratibus % aliis domib3 que sunt de aduocaQionib3 aliqno^ 
que prius conoedi nd oonsuefint. Et cum p breue Indicaoit 
impediat' rector alicui' eccie ad petend decimaa in vicina 
pochia Keat patronus rectoris sic impediti bre ad petend 
actionem decimi^ petita^ et cu disronafiity pcedat pladtum 
postmodum in Curia xpianitatis quatenus disronatO ffiit in 
Our Regis. Cum aduocacio descendit participib3 licet vnua 
bis j^sentet « bis vsurpet sup coheredem nd ppP hoc exdusas 
sit ille in toto qui f\iit negligens S3 alias heat tumu suu 
^sentandi cum accident. 
De Waranto Cvm quis petat tenementu fsus alium « imptitat' vocaffit 
r^li^itatum ^ Warantu « Waratus dedicat Warantiam « diu pendeat 
placitum inV tenente % Warantu cu ad vltimu conuincat>^ 
qd vocat^ ad Warantu Warantizare teaet^^ p legem « oonsue- 
tudine hactenus vsitatam, n5 fuit alia pena inflicta vocato 
qui Warantizare dedudt nisi tantu qd Warantizaret « esset 
in mia quia prius n5 Warantizauit quod durum fuit petenti 
qui multociens p oollusionem ivS tenentem « Warantu 
magnas sustinuit dilaciones, ppt? qd statuit dns Bex qd sicnt 
tenens amitPet tenementu petitu si vocasset ad Warantom 

tm, EDWARD t lis 

England or in dower, the true heir is disturbed in presenting whea the 
ohnroh shall have been void, it is provided, that from henceforth it be in 
the election of the party disturbed, whether he will sue by writ of 
quart impedit, or of darrein jMreseiUmeni, The same shall be observed 
in adyowBpns demised for term of life, or years, or in fee-taiL 

And from henceforth, in writs oi darrein preaerUment and quareimpedit, Damaees in 
damages be awarded, that is to say, if the period of six months shall uSd Ainv^ 
have passed by the disturbance of any, so that the Bishop confer PresentmenL 
the church, and the true patron lose his presentation for that time, 
that damages be adjudged to two years' value of the church. And 
if the six months be not passed, but the presentment be deraigned 
within the said time, then damages be adjudged to the half-year's value 
of the church. And if the disturber have not whereof he can recom- 
pense damages, in case where the Bishop confers by lapse of time, he 
shall be punished by two years* imprisonment : and if the advowson be 
deraigned within the six months, yet that the disturber be punished 
by imprii»onment of half a year. 

And from henceforth that writs be granted of chapels, prebends. Writs for 
vicarages, hospitals, abbeys, priories, and other houses which are of p^f^'^g^ 
the advowsons of any, that have not before been used to be granted, "vloaragee, Ao. 
And when by a writ of Indieavit, the rector of any church is hindered 
in demanding tithes in the next parish, that the patron of the rector 
so hindered have a writ to demand the action of the tithes demanded, 
and when it is deraigned, then that the plea proceed in a court 
Christian as far as it was deraigned in the King's court. When an Uiurpation by 
advowson descends to parceners, although one present twice, and usurp on\nSS!her?'^ 
upon the coh^, he that was negligent shall not be totally barred, on 
this account, but another time shall have his turn to present when it 

VL When anyone demands a tenement against another, and the Of warrantor 
party that is impleaded vouches to warranty, and the warrantor denies the ^rty ^ 
the warranty, and the plea long pends between the tenant and the^™^^^^ 
warrantor ; and at length, when it is proved that the vouchee is bound 
to warranty, by the law and custom hitherto used, there was no other 
punishment assigned for the vouchee who denied his warranty, but 
only that he should warrant and should be amerced, because he did 
npt warrant before; which was prejudicial to the demandant, who 
suffered oftentimes great delays by collusion between the tenant and 
the warrantor ; wherefore the lord the King has ordained that like as 
the tenant should lose the tenement demanded, if he vouched to 


« WarantoB ae poaset deuolfie a Warantia eodem modo 
amittat Warant^ si Warantiam dedioat « oonnincatur qd 
Warantizare debeat. Et si inqoisicio pemdeat mf tenente « 
Warantu % petens petat breue ad fiiciendu yenire Jaratam, 
oonoedatar eL 
Deadmensu- Custodi deoePo oonoedaf breae de amensoracioiie dotis 
nee p sectam castod si ficte et p collnsioiiein sequatnr yersns 

Custodi per mulierem tenentem in dotem precludat' heres omn ad etatem 
pnefiit ad dotem mensnrand sodm p legem rre fuit amensn- 
randa et € in isto breui (^ in bri de amensuracione pastare 
celerior f^ prins deoef'o sit poessus ita qd com poentam 
fuerit ad magnam discrecom denf dies infra qnoe duo 
Gomitatas teneanf ad quos publica fiat pclamacio qd 
defendens veniat ad diem in bri oontentu querenti respons, 
ad que diem si vefiit, poedat placitiim inP eos et si no vefiit^ 
« pclamado supradco meo^ p viS testificata fuerit pcedaf p 
defaltam ad amensoracionem faciendam. 
De admensu- Ovm p plaoitom motiun p breue de amensuracione pasture 
^'^^ pastura ffiit amesurata aliqnando coram Justic aliquando in 

per Breu^ Comitatu multociens contingat qd post hui^modi amensuracom 
fcam iPnm ponat ille qui prius supofiafiit pasturam illam plura 
afiia (^^ ad ipm ptinet habend nee hucusc^ puisum fuiaset 
remediu; statutu est q^ de supo&acone soda fiat remediu 
oonquerenti sub hac forma qd eonquerens tieat bre de iudicio 
si coram Justic amensurata f8it pastura qd'vic in jtaencia 
parciu ^munitaj^ si inPesse voluerint inquirant de soda 
snpofiacone que si inuenta ffiit, mandetur Justic sub sigUlo 
vie « sigillis Jur. Et Justic adiudicent eonquereti dampna « 
ponant in extraetis valorem animaliu que supofians post 
admeusuracom fcam posuit in pastura vltra quod debuit % 
extractas liBent Baronu^ de sc*cio vt inde respondeant dno 
Begi. Si in Comitatu lea fBit admensuracio, tue ad 
instaneiam querentis exeat breue de Cancellaria qd inquirat 

* So in MS. for modo, 

* So in MR for Banmfbtu, 


wananty, and the warrantor oonld discharge himself of the warranty, 

in the same way that the warrantor lose if he denies his warranty, 

and it be proved that he is bound to warranto And if an inquest be venire faeku 

depending between the tenant and the warrantor, and the demandant ^^^Sl*'^^* 

require a writ to cause the jury to come, it be granted him. 

VIA. A writ of admeasuremetU of dower shall be from henceforth AdmesBue- 

ment ox dower 
granted to a guardian ; neither shall the heir, when he shall have come to gianted to 

age, be barred by the suit of a guardian, who may sue against the tenant ^rfj^ ^ 
in dower feignedly, and by collusion, but that he may admeasure the 
dower, as it ought to be admeasured by the law of the land. And as well Prooen there- 
in this writ, as in a writ of admeasuremeiU of pasture there be more speedy SlnMasoRL. 
process than has been used hitherto ; so that when it shall have come ^J^ta^ 
to the great distress, days shall be given, within which two county 
[courts] may be held, at which pubUo proclamation be made, that the 
defendant come in at the day contained in the writ, to answer to the 
plaintiff ; at which day, if he shall come, that the plea proceed between 
them ; and if he come not, and the proclamation shall be testified by the 
sheriff in manner aforesaid, that upon default they proceed to make 

Yin. Whereas by a plea moved upon a writ of admeasuremefU of Admeasure- 
ptuiure, the pasture has been admeasured sometimes before the justices, ^Sture by 
sometimes before the sheriff in the county [court] it often happens ^"^^^ 
that after such admeasurement made, he who first overcharged the 
pasture again places more beasts on it than he ought to keep, nor has 
any remedy been hitherto provided ; it is ordained, that upon the second 
overcharge, remedy be made to the plaintiff in this manner; if the 
pasture were admeasured before the justices, that the plaintiff have 
a writ of judgment, that the sheriff in presence of the parties being 
summoned, if they wish to be present, inquire of the second over- 
charge; which if it shall be found, it be returned to the justices, under 
the seal of the sheriff, and the seals of the jurors ; and the justices 
adjudge damages to the plaintiff, and put in the estreats the value 
of the beasts which the overcharger placed, beyond what he ought, 
in the pasture after such admeasurement made, and deliver the 
estreats to the Barons of the Exchequer, that they may thereof answer 
to the lord the Ejng. If such admeasurement shall be made in the 
county [court], then, at the request of the plaintiff, that a writ issue 
cwt of ohanoery, that the sheriff inquire of such overcharge ; and for 


sup hui^modi supofticoe. Et de afiiis positds ia pastura vltn 
debits nufiu vel de ^cio dno ftegi ad sc^cm respondeat. Et 
ne Ticecom fraudem faciant dno Begi in isto casu, conoordatO 
est qd omia hui^modi brema de scda supofiacone que exeunt 
de Oanoellar irrotulentur et in fine anni mittaf^ fnsc^ptom ad 
BC^cm sub sigiUo Canoellar vt videant Thes % Baron de ecHio 
qualiP vie respondebut de exLtib3 hui^modi breuiu. Eode 
modo irrotulenf^ breuia de redisseis* % mittant^ ad sc^nn 
in fine anni 
Demfidia Cvm capitales dni dist^ngant feodum suu p luiciis « 

consuetudinib3 s^ debitis et medius sit qui tenente acquietare 
^ debet cum no iaceat in ore tenentis p^t p^ma distHxom 
replegiafiit dediSe demandam Capitat dni qui aduocat in Oiiria 
dni Begf iustam districcom sup tenente suu vidett sup mediu 
multi p hui^modi districtioneB hucusc^ grauati extiterint p hoc 
qd medius licet Kret p quod dist^ngi posset magnas feoerunt 
dilaciones anq^^ ad Curiam vefiunt ad respondend hui^modi 
teneniib3 suis ad breue de medio, p hoc eciam qd durus fuit 
in casu quando medius nich habuit in casu eciam quando si 
tenons paratus esse faSe Capitali dno luic « consuetudies 
exactas et capitalis dns fuicia « consuetudies sibi debitas 
renuebat recipe p nianum alterius c^* p manum pximi tenentis 
sui « sic amiserut hui^modi tenentes in dnico pficuii terra]^ 
sui^, aliquando ad tempus aliqn toto tempore suo^ n® fuit antea 
aliquod remediu in hoc casu puisum ; ordinatum est % puisum 
iu hoc casu remedium imposterum sub hac forma c^"cito 
hui^modi tenens in dnico habens mediu mi ijpm % capitalem 
dnm distringit^ statim pqiiirat sibi tenens breue de medio. 
Et si medius habens terram iu eodem Cofti defu^t vsq^ ad 
magnam districcom detur querenti i bri suo de magna 
districtione talis dies ante cui^ aduentu duo Co& teneant' 
et ^cipiatur vie qd distringat mediu p magnam districtora 
put in bri continet^ Et nomin^ vie in duob5 plenis 
Comitatib3 solempniP proclamari faciat qd hui^modi medi' 
veniat ad diem in breui contentu responsur^ tenenti suo. Ad 
quern diem si vefiit, pcedat placitu inP eos modo consueto ; et si 


the beasts put into the pasture beyoad the due number, or lor the value 

of them, lei him answer to the lord the Ejng at his Exchequer. And 

lest the sheriffs may defraud the lord the King in this ease, it is agreed, 

that all such writs De seeunda superoneratione that issue out of chan- Writs De 

oery, be inroUed, and at the end of the year a transcript be Bent tupertMeratioru 

into the Exchequer under the Chancellor's seal, that the Treasurer and InroUea. 

Barons of the Exchequer may see how the sheri£b shall answer of the 

issues of such writs ; in the same way, writs of redisseisin shall be a]so writs of 

inrolled and sent into the Exchequer at the end of the year. re-distdsln. 

IX When chief lords distrain in their fee for services and customs to Of the mesne, 
them due, and there is a mesne who ought to acquit the tenant, since it lies 
not in the mouth of the tenant, after he shall have replevied the first dis- 
tress, to deny the demand of the chief lord, who avows in the lord the 
King's courts that the distress is lawfully taken upon lus tenant, namely* 
upon the mesne ; many have been hitherto oppressed by such distresses, 
inasmuch as the mesne, notwithstanding that he have whereby he may 
be distrained, made long delays before he came into the court to answer 
to such his tenants to the writ of mesne ; and further, the case was very 
hard when the mesne had nothing ; in case also when if the tenant was 
ready to perform to the chief lord the services and customs demanded, 
and the chief lord refused to take the services and customs due to him, by 
the hand of any other than of his next tenant» and so such tenants in 
demesne lost the profit of their lands sometimes for a time, and sometimes 
fcMT their whole time, and heretofore no remedy has been provided in 
this case : there is ordained and provided a remedy for the future in this 
f c»m ; that so soon as such tenant in demesne, having a mesne between The writ of 
himself and the chief lord, is distrained, immediately the tenant pur- Sewprooen 
ohase a writ of mesne ; and if the mesne having land in the same ^^'^^ 
county, absent himself until the great distress, the plaintiff have such 
day given him in his writ of great distress, before the coming of which 
day two county [courts] may be held, and the sheriff be commanded to 
distrain the mesne by the great distress, like as it is contained in the 
writ ; and nevertheless the sheriff in two full counties cause to be pro- 
claimed solemnly, that such mesne come at a day contained in the 
writ, to answer his tenant: at which day if he come, that the plea 
proceed between them iu the accustomed manner ; and if he do not 


nd Tofiit, amittat hui^modi medius fuiciu tenentis Bui amodo 
nO roBpondeat ei tenens in aliquo set omisso illo medio, 
respondeat capitali dno de eisdem fuiciis que prius fa8e debait 
^doo medio. Nee fceat capitalis dns potestate dist^ngendi 
dam j^dos tenens offerat ei Inicia debita « oonsueta. Et ai 
capitalis dns exegit plusc^^ medius ei faSe deberet tleat lenens 
in hac casu excepcbm qua hret medi^ Si u^ medius nichil 
habuit in potestate Regis, nichilomin^ pquirat tenens bre suu 
de medio ad vie Gomitat' illius in quo dist^ngit^ Et si vie 
mandatiit qd medius nichil habet vbi potest sumoneri, 
nicbilomin^ sequat' bre de attachiamento. Et si vie mandafiit 
qd nichil habet p quod |K)t68t attachiari, nichilondn^ sequat^ 
bre de magna districtone et fiat pclamado in forma ^dca. Si 
uero medius n5 habeat Pram in CoiSi in quo fit districto set 
tleat Pram in alio Com, tuc exeat bre originale ad sQmon 
media ad vie Com in quo fit districtio. Et cum testificatnm 
f&it p ilium vie qd nichil habet in Cofii suo, exeat bfe de 
iudicio ad sumonend mediu ad vie Com illius in quo 
testificatu f 8it c^ lit ten « fiat secta in illo Com quousc^ pueniat 
ad magnam districcom « pclamaconem sicut dcm est sup* de 
medio habente Pram in eodem Co& in quo fit districtio et 
n*omin^ fiat secta in Coin in quo nichil habet sicut dcm est 
sup* de medio nich habete quousq^ pueiat' ad magnam 
districcom « pclamacom % sic i)06t pclamacom in vtroc^ Com 
fcam abiudicet' medius de feodo « ?uicio suo. Cum aliqn 
contingat qd tenes in dnico feoffiikt^ est ad tenend p min' 
Suiciu (^^ medius fa^e debuit capitali dno cum post hui^modi 
pclomacom attomat^ sit tenens capitali dno medio omisso, 
neoesse hebit tenens respondere capitali dno de luiciis % 
oon8uetudinib3 que medius ei prius facere debuit. Et postc^* 
vefiit medius in Cur « cognofiit qd acquietare debet teneiiietu 
suu vel adiudioet^ ad acquietand si ^xnt hui^modL cognioom 
aut iudiciu querimonia pueiat qd medius n5 aoquietat 
tenentem tuc exeat bre de iudicio qd vie dist^ngat medium ad 
acquietand tenente % ad essend coram Justic ad Stum diem 
ad ostendend quare p^us n6 acquietauit. £t cum p districcom 


oome. that then Baoh mesne lose the servioe of his tenant, and from 

thenceforth the tenant may not answer hhn in any thing ; but, the same 

mesne being excluded, that he answer unto the chief lord of such 

services as before he ought to have performed to the said 

mesne ; nor shall the chief lord have power to distrain, so long as 

the afcvesaid tenant offer him the services due and accustomed ; 

and if the chief lord shall have exacted more than the mesne ought to 

render to him, that the tenant in such case have such exception as the 

mesne should have. And if the mesne had nothing within the King's 

jurisdiction, the tenant nevertheless may purchase his writ of mesne 'nie meme 

to the sheriff of that county wherein he is distrained. And if the sheriff ^^^^ff^ ^' 

shall have returned, that the mesne has nothing whereby he may bo JSfJI^ J° 

summoned, nevertheless that he sue a writ of attachment. And if appearance. 

the sheriff return, that he has nothing by which he may be attached, 

he nevertheless may sue a writ of great distress, and proclamation 

shall be made in form aforesaid. And if the mesne have no land 

in the county in which the distress is taken, but have land in 

another county, then that a writ original to summon the mesne, issue 

unto the sheriff of the county where the distress is taken. And when 

it shall have been returned by the said sheriff that he has nothing 

in his county, that a writ of judgment issue, to summon the mesne, 

unto the sheriff of that county in which it shall be testified that he 

has tenements, and suit shall be made in that county, until the process 

come to the great distress and proclamation, as abope is said of the mesne 

having land in the same county in which the distress is taken ; and 

nevertheless that suit be made in the county in which he has nothing, 

as above is said of the mesne that has nothing, until the process come 

to the great distress and proclamation ; and so after proclamation made 

in each county, that the mesne be forejudged of his fee and service. 

And where it happen sometimes, that the tenant in demesne is in- 

feoffed to hold by less service than the mesne ought to render unto the The tenant 

chief lord, when after such proclamation the tenant has attorned to ie« lerTioe 

the chief lord, the mesne being excluded, the tenant must of necessity j ° ^ 

answer unto the chief lord for the services and customs which the mesne 

ought before to render to him. And after the mesne shall have come Frooaediogi 

into court, and confessed that he ought to acquit his tenant,^ <^' mesne appean . 

be adjudged to acquit, if after such confession or judgment 

it is complained that the mesne does not acquit his tenant, that then 

a writ of judgment issue, that the sheriff distrain the mesne to acquit 

mother MSS. have Unentenu 


euefiit, audiaf querens et si querens verificare poPit qd ipm nO 

aoquietauit, satisfaciet de dampnis « p indiciu reoedat tenena 

q'et^ de suo medio « attomet' capital! dno. Et si ad p'mam 

districcbm n6 vefiit exeat bre de alia distriotioiie « fiat 

pclamacio postq^^ testificata ffiit pcedat' ad iudiciu sicnt 

»upius dcm est. Et sciend qd p hoc statutu nd exdndont^ 

tenentes quin tleant Warantiam si de tenementis suis implaci- 

tant' sup medios suos % eoJ& heredes sodm quod priua 

habuerunt. Nee eciam excludunt^ tenentes quin aequi 

possint versus medios suos scdm consuetudine p^os vsitatam 

.si viderint qd pcessas eqlf. plus valeat p antiq^^ oonsuetadinS 

q^^ p istud statutu. Et sciend est qd p istud statatii no 

puidef^ remediu quib3cu(^ mediis set solum® in casa cu ait 

vnus medius tantum inP dnm dist^ngente « tenente % in casa 

quando medius ille est plene etatis. Et i cSu quando tenens 

sine ^iudicio alPius c^^ medii attomare se potest o^itali dno 

qod dcm est p mulierib3 tenentib5 in dotem, tenetib3 p legem 

Angt vel alit^ ad Vminu vite vt p feodum talliatum qmb3 p 

aliquib3 causis nodu est puisum remediu set deo date alias 


06 Libera- Cyid. in itifie Jusiic proclamatum f&t qd omnes qui breuia 

donebreuium liberare voluerint ea liberent inf* certom {^minu post que 
in Itmere '^ ^ 

Ju»ti- nullum breue recipiaf^ mtti de hoc condetes cum moram 

cianoruQu foSiat usq^ ad ^dcm f minu « nullu breue sup eos f&t liBatnm 

de licecia Justic recedunt post quo^ recessum adfisarii sui 

i|k^ absenciam pcipientes breuia sua porrigunt in cera que 

aliquando p fauorem aliquando p vie p dono recipiuntur « illi 

qui secure credebant reoessisse, ten sua amittut vt hui'modifraudi 

subueiat^ imposterum ; statuit dns Rex qd Justic in Itifiib3 suis 

statuant Pminu q^ndene vel mcnsis minoris vel maioris Pmini 

scdm qd Com ffiit maior vel minor inf^ que Fminu publico 

pclamet^ qd omes qui breuia liberare voluerint ea liberent cit^ 

ilium fminu % in aduentu illius f mini Stificet vie capitalem 

Justic itifiis quot breuia habet « que % ultra ilium Pminu 

nullum breue recipiatur quod si receptum fuerit processus p 

^lud feus p nullo bt^beatur excepto qd bre cassatuQi duraiite 


his tenant, and to be at a certain day before the jnsttoes, to show why 
he had not acquitted him befdre. And when he has come by force of 
the distress, let the plaintiff be heard ; and if the plaintiff can protre 
that he has not acquitted him, he shall satisfy the damages, and by Damages in 
judgment the tenant shall go quit from his mesne and attorn unto the jxMmio 
chief lord. And if he come not at the first distress, let a writ issue for 
another distress and let proclamation be made ; and after it is returned 
let it proceed to judgment, as beforesaid. And it is to be under- 
stood, that by this statute, tenants are not excluded, but that they 
have warranty of their mesnes and the heirs of them, if they be impleaded TenaDts may 
of their tenements, as they have had before. Nor that the tenants of the i 

be excluded, but that they may sue against their mesnes, as they used 

hitherto, if they see that their process may avail more by the old custom, 

than by this statute. And it is to be understood, that by this statute 

no remedy is provided to any mesnes, but only in case where there is 

but one mesne only between the lord that distrains and the tenant, p^f ^)^^ 

and in case where that mesne is of full age ; and in case where the JJ^b^ U ^ 

tenant may attorn unto the chief lord, without prejudice of any other ordained. 

than of the mesne, which is said for women holding in dower, tenants 

by the law of England, or otherwise for term of life, 'or in fee- tail, to 

whom for certain causes remedy is not yet provided, but, God willing, 

it shall be at another time. 

X When in the circuit of justices it shall have been proclaimed, that of delivery of 
all who wish to deliver writs, should deliver them within a certain term, ^J^QtSt 
after which no writ should be received ; many trusting to this when Jv^kwi. 
they shall have waited until the said term, and no writ was served upon 
them, depart by licence of the justices ; after whose departure 
their adversaries, perceiving their absence, deliver their writs in wax, 
which sometimes by favour, and sometimes for reward, are received by 
the sheriff, and those who believed they had departed in security lose 
their tenements ; for the remedy of such fraud hereafter, the lord the 
Kiag" has ordained that the justices in their eyres appoint a term 
of fifteen days, or a month, the term shorter or longer, according 
as the county shall be larger or smaller, within which term it be 
publicly proclaimed, that all who wish to deliver their writs, deliver 
them before the same term; and when the time comes, the sheriff 
o«utify the chief justice of the eyre how many writs he has, and what, 
and that no writ be received after that term; and if it shall be received, 
the process issuing thereupon be of no effect, except that a writ abated 
may be revived any time during the whole eyre. Also writs of doufer 




D« attomatis 
in Itioere 

De hi is qui 

toto itinere releuari poPit. fireuia eciam de dote de viris qui 
obierint infra siimoiiioom itineris assise vltime ^sentadonia 
¥ quare impedit, De ecciis vacantib3 infra sumonidonem 
^dcam quocuc^ tempore ante reoessum Justic recipiant'. 
Brenia edam none dissle qaocnmc]^ tempore fca fuent dissia 

In Itifiib3 Justic oonoedit diis Rex de gra spedali qd illi 
qui tenementu habent in difisis CoA in quib5 Justic itifiant 
vel de quib5dam tenementis in Com in quo Justic Iti&nt 
timent implacitari « de aliis tenementis in Com in quo Justic 
no itinerant impladtant^ coram Justic apud Westm vel de 
Banco dni Regis vel oora Justiciar ad assisas capiend assign 
vel in aliquo Coffi coram vie vel in ali<^* Cur Baron faSe 
possint gefiale attomatum ad sequend p eis in omib3 pladtis 
in Itinere Justic p ip\B vel cont* i{k)6 metis vel mouend 
durante itifie quiquide attomatus vel attomati tleant potes- 
tatem in placitis rootis in itifie quousc^ placitu Pminetur vd 
dns suus ipm amofiit nee p hoc excusenf si sint in Juratis 
assis coram eisdem Justiciariis. 

De 8eruientib5 Balliuis' OaSariis « quib3cu(^ receptorib5 
qui ad compotum reddendii tenent^ ooncordiP est ordinatum 
% statutum qd cu dns hui^modi seruientum dederit eis anditorea 
oompoti « oontingat i^ esse in arreragiis sup compotum 
suum arestenf corpora eof % p testimoniu auditc^ c6poti 
eiusd mittantur % liberenf pxie gaole dni Regis in ptib5 iUis 
« a vie seu custode eiusde gaole redpiant' % mandpant'' 
carceri in ferris « sub bona custodia « in ilia p^sona remaneat 
de sue pprio viuentes qnousq^ dnis suis de arreragiis plenar 
satisfe&nt. Attamen si quis sit gaole liberatus oonquerat^ qd 
auditores compoti ipm iniuste gHianert onerando de receptis 
que no recepit vel n5 allocando expensas aut liberaciones 
ronabiles « inueniat amioos qtd eum manucape voluerint ad 
duceud liberef^ eis. Et scire fac vie in cui^ potestate fuerit 
dns^ qd sit coram Baronib3 de sc*cio ad aliquem ftnm diem 

1 Ro in MS. ; dno in other MSa 

Xllt. EDWARD t ld3 

of men who died within the summons of the eyre, assises of darrein 
presentment, and quare impedit, of churches vacant within the aforesaid 
summons, may be received at any time before the departure of the 
justices. Also writs of novd disseisin, at what time soever the disseisin 
was done, be received. 

In the eyres of the justices, the lord the King of his special Of •ttoaaaya In 
grace grants, that those who have tenements in divers counties, where the iuttices. 
the justices make their circuit, or fear to be impleaded of certain 
tenements in counties where the justices make their circuit, and are 
impleaded of other tenements in counties where the justices have no 
circuity as before the justices at Westminster, or in the King's Bench 
or before justices assigned to take assises, or in any county [court] before 
sheriffB, or in any court Baron, may make a general attorney to sue 
for them in all pleas in the circuit of justices moved or to be moved 
for them, or against them, during the circuit, which attorney or attorneys 
shall have power in pleas moved during the circuit, until the plea be 
determined, or his lord remove him ; yet that they be not excused 
thereby, from being put on juries or assises before the same 

XL .Concerning Serjeants, bailififo, chamberlains, and all manner of Of thom who 
receivers, who are bound to yield account, it is with one oonsent agreed render 
and ordained, that when the lord of such servants assigns auditors ^^"'^^ 
of their account^ and it happens that they are in arrear upon their ac- 
oount» their bodies be arrested and by the testimony of the auditors of 
the said account, they be sent and delivered to the next gaol of the lord 
the KJng in those parts, and be received by the sheriff or keeper of the 
gaol, and imprisoned in irons under safe custody, and remain in the same 
prison living at their own cost, until they shall have satisfied their lords 
fully of tie arrears. Nevertlieless if any person being so committed 
to gaol, complain that the auditors of account have injured him 
unjustly, charging him with receipts that he has not received, or not Prooeedlngi 
allowing him expenses, or reasonable disbursements, and he can find ^l^movad into 
friends who will mainprise to bring him (ibefore the Barons of the Ex- ***® Bxchequer. 
chequer], that he be delivered unto them. And the sheriff, in whose 
power he shall have been, cause lus lord to know, that he be before 
the Barons of the Exchequer at a certain day, with the rolls and uiUies 


cu rotulis « talliis^'p quos compotu reddiderit « in ^sencia 
Baronu vel auditor quos assignare voluerint reoitet' compot^ 
% fiat paitib3 iusticia ita qd si ffiit in arrei*agiiBy comittat' 
gaole de £Biete vt supMcm est. £t si defiigerit % gratis 
compotum reddere noluerit, sicut alibi in aliis statatis condnet' 
distringat' ad veniend coram Justic ad oompotu reddend si 
lieant p quod dist^ngi possit, « si ad Cur vefiint dent' auditores 
oompoti cora qnibj si ffiint in arreragiis si statim arreragia 
sol&e nd possint cOraittant' gaole custodiendi in forma j^dca. 
£t si defttgerint « testatu f&it p \ic qd nd sunt inuenti 
exiganf^ de Com in Comitatum quousq^ vtlagent' « sint 
hui^modi incaroerati irreplegiabiles. Et caueat sibi vie vel 
Custos eiusdem gaole sine sit in liBtate siue extra qd p 
comune bre quod dicitur replegiari vel alio modo sine assensu 
dni ifim a p^sona exire nd pmittat quod si fecerit, % sup hoc 
conuincat' respondeat dno de dampno p hui^modi luiente 
sibi illato scdm quod p pna,m. verificare pofit % ita YSeat recu- 
pare suu p bfe de debito. Et si custos gaole nd ^eat p quod 
Justidet'^ vel vnde soluat respondeat supior suus qui custodiam 
hui^modi gaole sibi cdmisit p idem bre. 
De f alfft9 Qvia multi p maliciam volentes alios grauare pcurant falsa 

appelliR appella fieri de homiddio « aliis feloniis p appellatores nichil 

habentes vnde dno Regi p falso apfSllo nee appellatis de 
dampnis respondere possint statute est qd cum aliquis sic 
apfSllat^ de felonia sibi imposita se acquietafiit in Our Regis 
modo debito vel ad secta appellatoris vel dni Regis, Justic 
coram quib3 auditu erit hui^modi appellu « terminatu pimiant 
appellatorem p p^onam vni^ anni, et nichilomin^ restituat 
hui^modi appellatores appellatis dampna p discrecom Justic 
liito respectu ad p^sonam vel arrestacbm qua occadone 
hui^modi appellator^ sustinfiut appellati % ad infamiam qua p 
inp^sonametu vel iJio modo incurrerunt et nichilomin^ versus 
diim Regem g*uius redimant>^. Et d forte hui^modi appellar 
tores no lieant vnde pdca dampna restitSe possint inquirat' 

Appellorum in other M8& 

Jtiii. edWard i. ISS 

by which he made his account ; and in the*preaence of the Barons, or the 
auditors whom they will assign, the account be rehearsed, and juatioe 
bo done to the parties, so that if he shall be found in arrear, he be com- 
mitted to the gacd of the Fleet, as above is said. And if he flee, and will 
not render account willingly, as is contained elsewhere in other statutes, 
he be distrained to come before the justices t^ make his account, if he 
have whereof he can be distrained. And if they shall come to 
the Ooort, auditors of account be assigned, before whom if they shall be 
found in arrear, if they cannot pay the arrears forthwith, they bo 
committed to the gaol to be kept in manner aforesaid. And if thny Ezigeiiti 
flee, and it be returned by the sheriff that they cannot be found, that ^oDountaat 
they be proclaimed from county to county, until they be outlawed, and 
let such prisoners be not repleviabla And let the sheriff or keeper of 
such gaol take heed, whether it be within a franchise, or without^ that The Bhsriff 
he do not suffer him to go out of prison by the common writ called answerable on 
repUgiari^ or by other means, without assent of his lord ; and if he do, Soooontei^ 
and thereof be convicted, that he be answerable to the lord for the 
damage done to him by such servant, according as it may be found 
by the country, and he may have his recovery by writ of debt. And 
if the keeper of the gaol have not wherewith he may answer to justice, 
or whereof he may pay, that his superior, who committed the custody 
of soeh gaol unto him, be answerable by the same writ. 

Xn. Forasmuch as many, through malice intending to injure others^ Of false 
procure false appeals to be made of homicide and other felonies by ^I*^^ 
appellors, having nothing to satisfy the lord the King for the false appeal, 
nor the parties appealed for their damages ; it is ordained, that when 
any, being so appealed of felony imputed to him, shall have acquitted 
himself in the King's court in due manner, either at the suit of the appel- 
lor, or of the lord the King, the justices before whom such appeal shall 
be heard and determined, punish the appellor by a year's imprisonment, a year's 
and the appellois nevertheless restore to the parties appealed their i°>P'^i>™«nt 
damages, according to the discretion of the justices, having respect to 
the imprisonment or arrest that the parties appealed sustained by 
reason of such appeals, and to the infamy that they have incurred by 
the imprisonment or otiierwise, and nevertheless make a grievous fine 
unto the lord the King. And if peradventure such appellors have 
not wherewith to recompense the said damages, it shall be inquired 


p aacrm pbok % lag hoiu p quo]^ abettum formatum fiierit 

hui^moJi appellu p maliciam si appellatus hoc petat. Et si 

inaeiat' p illam inquisicbm qd aliquis sit abettator p maliciaro 

p breue de iudicio ad sectam ap])ellati diaft*ngat' ad veniend 

ooi'a Justiciariis. Et si legittimo modo connictos fiierit de 

hui'modi abetto p malidam, punia'^ p p^sonam ^ ad restitucom 

dampnc^ teneat' sicut supius dcm est de appellatore. Nee 

iaceat deoePo appellatori de appello de morte hominis essoniu 

in quacuq^ Ciiria appellam fSit f^minand. 

De vioeoom- Qvia vioeoomites multociens fingentes aliquos coram eis in 
itibuB , , .... 

homines non tumis auis indictatos de furtis % aliis malefcis ca]>iunt 

oacieiitibuB in ^<>nii^®8 no culpabUes nee legittio modo indictatis % 

turnisBuifl. «ofi imprisonant % ab eis pecuniam extorquent % cu 

legittio modo p xij^"' Juratores no fuerint indictati; statutii 

est qd yiceoomites in tumis suis « alibi cum inquirere 

heant de roalef toribj p ^oeptii dni Regis vel ex officio sao p 

leg holes ad minus duodecim, faciant inquisiciones suas de 

hui^modi maleftoiib3 qui inquisicionib3 illiB sigiUa sua 

apponant et illoa quos p hui^modi inquisicones inueneiint 

culpabiles capiant « imprisonent scdm qd alias fieri consueuit. 

£t si alios imprisonaQint q^^ p hui^modi inqui8ia>nes indictatos 

heant hui^modi imprisonati actionem suam p bre de impri- 

sonameto versus vie sicut herent versus quacumq^ aliam 

psonam qui eos imprisonaret sine Waranto "^ sicut dcm est 

de vie obluet' de quolibet balliuo HBtatis. 

De Tatto Ovm de vasto foo in hei^itate alicui^ p cnstodes teneutes 

Cuttoaem ^^ dotem p lege Angt vel .ali^ ad f^minu vite consueSit fieri 

bre de phibicione vasti p quod bre mtti fuerunt in errore 

credentes qd illi qui vastum fecerunt n5 habuerunt necesse 

respondere nisi tantu de vasto fco post phibicom eis dii^ectam; 

dna Bex vt hui^modi error de ceFo tollat^ statuit qd de vasto 

quocuq^ modo ad nocumentu alicui^ fco n5 fiat deoePo bfe de 

prohibicione vasti set bre de sumonendo ita qd ille de qnu 

querif respondeat de vasto fco quocuq^ tempore et post 

sumonicbm si nO vefiit attachiet' et post attachiamentu 

distngat'^ eb post districcom si no vefiit mandet'^ vie qd in 

iiri. Kdwaed 1. 137 

by oath of good and lawful men by whoee^abetment such appeal was Inquiry ot 
formed by malice, if the party appealed desire it ; and if it be found by appeals and 
the same inquest, that any man is abettor through malice, at the suit ^ent.^" ' 
of the party appealed, he be distrained by a writ of judgment to 
come before the justices ; and if he be lawfully convicted of such 
malicious abetment, he be punished by imprisonment and bound to 
restitution of damages, as before is said of the appellor. And that ^q essoin for 
from henceforth in appeal of the death of a man, no essoin lie for the *l*o>PP®'i<»'- 
appellor, in whatsoever court the appeal shall come to be determined. 

XYTT. Forasmuch as sheriff, oftentimes feigning certain persons of sheriflb 
to be indicted before them in their turns, of thefts and other trespasses, ^]ty,^|^heir 
take men that are not guilty or lawfully indicted, and imprison them, tamo. 
and exact money from them, whereas they were not lawfully indicted 
by twelve jurors ; it is ordained, that sherifib in their turns, and in 
other places, when they have to enquire of malefactors by the lord the 
King's precept, or by their office, make their inquests of such 
malefactors by lawful men, twelve at the least, who shall put their 
seals to such inquests ; and those that they shall have found guilty by 
such inquests, they take and imprison, as has been accustomed at other 
times to be done. And if they shall have imprisoned others than such 
as have been indicted by such inquests, the parties imprisoned may have 
their action by a writ of impriaonment against the sherifib, as they 
should have against any other person who should imprison them 
without warrant; and as it has been said of sberifiEs, so be it 
observed of every bailiff of a franchise. 

XIV. Whereas for waste done in the inheritance of any person, by Wute done by 
guardians, tenants in dower, tenants by the law of England, or other- ^ ^^"^ 
vnae for term of life, a writ of prohibition of waste has been used to 
be granted, by which writ many in error, thinking that those who bad 
done the waste had not need to answer, except of waste done after 
the prohibition to them directed; to remove from henceforth 
this error, the lord the King has ordained, that of all manner of waste 
done to the damage of any person, there be not from henceforth 
a writ of prohibition of waste awarded, but a writ of summons, so 
that he of whom complaint is made, answer for waste done at any time ; 
and if he come not after the summons, that he be attached, and after the 
attachment he be distrained ; and if he come not after the distress. 



pro minoribuB 
infra etatem. 

De maritagio 
tenentis de 

De easonia de 
malo lecti iii 
Itinere Justi- 

De debito 

ppria psona assumpto secum duodecim %c accedat ad locam 
vasiatum « inquirat de vasto « retumet inq^aicbm et port 
q^^ retomata f6it pcedat' ad iadiciu aodm qd qtine' iu statato 
prius edito apud Westffi.* 

In omi casu quo minores infra efcatem implacitare poflBont^ 
conoessum est qd si hui'modi minores elongati flint quo minos 
psonaliP sequi possint; ppinq'ores amici admittantur ad 
sequend p eis. 

In casu quo alicui minori descendat'^ hereditas ex parte 
pris qui tenuit de vno dno % ex parte matris que t^iuit de 
alio dno, dubitacio hucusq^ extiPit de maritagio hni'modi 
minoris ad quern de duob3 dnis ptineat ; ooncordatu est qd ille 
dns deceFo habeat maritagiu antecessor prius fuit feo&tus 
no hito respectu ad sexum nee ad q^titatem tenementi set 
solumodo ad antiquiu feoffiimentu p ?uiciu militare. 

In ItiRe Justic no admittat' decef'o essonia de malo lecti 
de ten in et^e Com nisi ille q^ se fadt essoniare veraciP ait 
infirm' quia si excipiaf^ a petente qd tenens no est infirmus 
nee in Ulo statu quo venii'e n5 potuit coram Justic admittat' 
eius calumpnia. Et si hoc p inq^sicbm conuinci poPit^ veiacil^ 
illud essoniu in defalta nee iaceat decetero istad esaoniu in 
bn de recto inP duos clamantes p vnu descensum. 

Cvm debitum f9it nscupatum vel in Cur R^gis recognitu 
vel dampna adiudicata, sit decePo in electione qui seqnif^ p 
hui'modi debito aut dampnis sequi bre qd vie fieri fac de 
Pris % catatt vt quod vie liBet ei omia catalla debitoiia, 
exceptis bob3 % aifris caruce « medietate terre sue quouac^ 
debitu fOit leuatum p ronabile preciu % extentam et ai eiciat' 
ab illo tenemento beat recupare p bre none dissie « poatea 
per bre redissie si ncce fQit 

Another MS. reads " Gloucester.*' See Stat Glofooetter, cap. v. (p. SB). 
Vertatur in other MSa 

iltl. EDWARD t. 139 

the 8heri£F be commAnded that in proper person he take with him Inquiry of 
twelve Ac, and go to the place wasted, and inquire of the waste and "^^ 
return an inquest and after the inquest returned, it proceed to 
judgment, as it is contained in the statute first made at West- 

XV. In every case in which minors under age may plead, it is granted of noit for 
that if such minors be eloined, so that they cannot sue personally, their °°'** 
next friends be admitted to sue for them. 

XVL In case where an inheritance descends to a minor, on the side of Marriage of a 
the &ther, who held of one lord, and on the side of the mother who of diyen lords, 
held of another lord, there has hitherto been doubt, as to the marriage 
of such a minor, to which of the two lords it should belong ; it is agreed, 
that from henceforth that lord have the marriage, of whom the ancestor 
was first infeoffed, not haying respect to the sex, nor to the quantity 
of the tenement, but only to the more ancient feo£Ement by knight 

XVII. In the eyre of the justices, an essoin de malo lecti shall not of the Assoin 
be from henceforth allowed for a tenement in the same county, unless f* the eyre of 
he that caused himself to be essoined be sick indeed ; for if the demand- the Justices. 
ant make exception that the tenant is not sick, nor in such plight but that 
he may come before the justices, his challenge shall be admitted. And if 
it can be so proyed by inquest, that essoin shall be turned to a default ; 
and from henceforth such essoin shall not lie in a writ of right between 
two claiming by one descent. 

XVm. When a debt shall have been recovered or acknowledged in the or a debt 
Bang's court, or damages adjudged, it shall be from henceforth in the elec- '^^^^^'^ 
tion of him who sues for such debt or damages, to sue out a writ that the 
sheri£F cause him to have of the lands and chattels, or that the sheriff 
shall deliver to him all the chattels of the debtor, saving only his oxen 
and beasts of the plough, and the one half of his land, until the debt 
be levied upon a reasonable valuation and extent ; and if he be put out 
of that tenement, he shall have recovery by a writ of novd disseisin, 
and afterwards by a writ of redisseisin, if need be. .... 



De bonis 
intestati ad 

sione in breui 
et consangui- 

De aeruicio 
detente per 

De tenentibuB 
in ComniunL 

Cvm post morte alicui^ decedentis intestati vel obligati 
aliquib3 ^ debito bona eius deueniant ad ordinariii diaponenda, 
obliget^ de oePo ordinarius ad respondend de debitis quaten^ 
bona dofucti sufficiut eo modo quo executores respondere 
tenerent' si testamentd f ecisset 

Cvm Justic in placito mortis ancessor admitPe oonsneSint 
responsione tenentis qd petens no est ppinquior heres aiioessor 
de cui' morte ten petitur % hoc p assisam inquirere, concor- 
datum est qd in brib3 de consang^nitate Auo % pauo que 
sut ei^de nature admittat^ ilia responsio « iaquiraf % scdm 
inqu^cbm ad iudiciu prooedat^ 

Cvm in statuto apud Gloucestr contineat'^ qd si qais 
dimiserit ten alicni, ad reddend valorem quarte partis 
tenementi % maioris ^eat ille qui dimisit vel eios heres postq^^ 
oessatum fQit a sohicone p bienpiu actom petendi ten sic 
dimissu in dnico. Eodem modo concordatum est qd si quis 
detineat dno suo Suiciu debitu vel cons dno suo p bienniu ; 
heat dns actione petendi tenemetu in dnico p tale bre. Precipe 
A. qd iuste %c reddat B. tale ten quod O. de eo tenuit p tale 
seruiciu et quod ad ^dcm B. reQti debet eo qd ^dcs A« in 
faciendo ^dcm luicium p bienniii cessauit vt dicit. Et n5 
solum in isto casu set in casu in quo fit mecio in ^co statuto 
Glouc^ fiant bria de Ingressu heredi petenti sup herede tenetis 
« sup eoa quib3 alienatum fSit hui^modi tenemetu. 

Cvm duo vel plurcs teneant boscam, turbariam, piacariam 
vt alia hui^modi in comuni absq^ hoc qd aliquis sciat suu 
sepale % aliquis eo]^ faciat vastum cont* voluntatem alBus ; 
moueaf^ actio p breue de vasto « beat defendens cum ad 
iudiciu veflit eleccionem capiendi partem soam in fto looo 
p vie « visum 9t sacrm % assignacione vicino^ ad hoc electc^ « 
Jurator vel concedat qd nichil capiat deoefo in hui^modi bosoo 
turbaria % aliis nisi scdm qd pticipes sui cape voluerint. £t si 
eligat cape ptem suam in £to loco, assignet^ ei in sua parte locus 
vastatus scdm qd fuit anteq^^ vastii fecit. Bre in hoc casu. Cum 
A. % B. teneant boscum p indiuiso B. fecit fecit^ vastum «c. 

> Bepeated in MS 

Xni. EDWARD I. 141 

XIX. When after the death of a person dying intestate, who is bound Of the goodi 
to any persons for debt, the goods come to the Ordinary to be disposed, intestate oome 
^e Ordinary from henceforth shall be bound to answer the debts as ordinary. 
far as the goods of the deceased extend, in the same way as the 
executors should have been bound to answer, if he had made a 

TY. Whereas justices in a plea of morid'anceitor, have been accus- Of the answer 
t<»ned U> admit the answer of the tenant, that the plaintiff is not next mort^aneutor 
heir of the ancestor, by whose death he demands the tenement, and ^ ooKnage, 
Ijis ready]' to inquire the same by assise ; it is agreed, that in writs of 
eosenage, aid, and hesaid^ which are of the same nature, that answer 
be admitted and inquired, and according to the inquisition they 
proceed to judgment. 

XXI. Whereas in a statute made at Gloucester, it is contained, that As to serriee 
if any demise a tenement to another, to pay the value of the fourth two ymrs.^' 
part of the tenement and more, he who demised, or his heir, after 
the payment has ceased by the space of two years, have an action to 
demand the tenement so demised in demesne -. in like manner it is 
agreed, that if any withhold from his lord his due or accustomed 
service by the Ispace of two years, the lord have an action to demand 
the tenement in demesne, by such a writ ; Praieeipe A. quod juste, Ac, 
reddat B. tale tenemenium quod C, de eo tenuU per tale servUium, do quod 
ad praedictum B, reverti debet, eo quod praedicius A. in faciendo prae- 
dictum servicium per biennium cessavit, ut dieit. And not only in this 
case, but also in the case whereof mention is made in the ^ said 
statute of Gloucester, that writs of entry be made for the heir demand- For heir asainst 
ing against the heir of the tenant, and against those to whom such ® ' ^' ®^^* 
tenement shall be aliened. 

yYTT. When two or more hold wood, turbary, fishery, or other such Of tenants 
things in common, wherein none knows his several, and any of them 
commit waste against the will of another, an action may be moved by a 
writ of waste"; and when it shall have come to judgment, the defendant 
may choose either to take his part in a place certain, by the sheriff, 
and^by the view, oath, and assignment of neighbours, chosen and 
sworn for this purpose, or else he agree to take nothing from hence- 
forth in such wood, turbary, and other things but as his parceners 
will take. And if he choose to take his part in a place certain, the 
part wasted shall be assigned to him in his part, as it was before he 
committed the waste. The writ is such in this case : — Cum A, do B, 
teneant boscum pro indiviso, B, fecit vastum, dkc. 

^ ParaUu at is read here in other M8& 



De oompoto 
pro execu- 

De noua 



Habeat deoePo ezecutores breue de coippoto t eandem 
actione « pcessu p illud bre qualem habuit % haberet mortuus 
81 vixisset. 

In ca8ib3 quib3 conoedit^ bre in Cancellar de foo alicoi' 
deoePo nO reoedant querentes a Gar Regis aine remedio p eo 
qd ten t^nsfert' de vno in alia « in registo de Ganoellar n5 
est inuentu aliquod bre in illo casu speciale sicuti de domo 
muro ficato conoedif^ bre sup eum qui leuauit £t si 
t^sferaf^ domus murus « hiis consimilia in aliam psonam 
breue dea^gat' set decePo cu in vno casu conoedit' bre, in 
simili casu simili remedio indigente sicut prius fit bre. C. 
Questus est nobis A. qd B. inuiste «c leuauit domu Scatnm 
% alia que sunt ad nocumentu si bui^modi leoata ad noca- 
metu t^sferat' in aliam paonam decePo fiat sic. G. Questiu 
est nobis A. qd B. % G. leuauerunt «c. Eodem modo sicat 
psona alicui' eccie recupare potest comuna pasture p bre 
none dissie, eodem modo deoePo recupet successor sup dissei- 
sitorE vel ei^ herede p bre qd pmittat licet bui^modi bre 
prius a Ganoellaiia no fuit concessum. £ode modo sicut 
conceditur bre de vtrum aliquod ten sit liKa elemosina alicoi' 
ecche vel laicum feodum talis, fiat decePo bre vtrum sit libera 
elemosina talis ecce vel alteHus. G. In casu quo libera 
elemosina vnius eccie f^nsfert' in possessione alPius eccie; « 
quocienscuq^ decePo euefiit in Gancellaria qd in vno casu 
repif^ bre % in cOmuui casu cadente sub eodem iure % simili 
indigente remedio, ooncordet clici de Gaucellaria in bri £aciendo, 
vel atterminent querentes in pxio parliamento scribant casus 
in quib3 ooncordare no possunt « refeitmt ad pximu pleamentu 
« de consensu iur pit(^ fiat bre ne contingat decefo qd Gur 
diu deficiat querentib3 in iusticia pquirenda. 

Qvia nd est aliquod bre in Gancellar p quod querentes 
habent ita festinum remediu sicut p bre noue dissie dns Bex 
voluntate habens qd celeris fiat iusticia et qd dilaciones in 
ptitis amputent' vel abreuient' concedit qd bre noue dissie 
locum beat in ptib3 casib3 c^^ prius habuit <c concedit qd de 
estoueriis bosc pficuo capiendo in bo900 de nuGib3 « glande 


XXm. Executors from henoetoth shall have a writ of account, [Writ of] 
and the same action and process by the same writ, as the deceased execntor& 
had and might have had if he had lived. 

XXIV. In cases in which a writ is granted in Chancery for the writs In con- 
act of any, the plainti^ from henceforth shall not depart from the ' ^^^ 
King's court without remedy, because the tenement is transferred 
from one to another, and in the register of the Chancery there is 
no special writ found in this case ; as of a house, waU, market, the writ 
is granted against him who set it up ; and if the house, wall, and 
such like be aliened to another, the writ is denied ; but from 
hencefcffth, whereas in one case a writ is granted, in like case re- 
quiring like remedy, the writ shall be made as before : Quaestua eat 
nobis A. quod B. inpute, <C;c, UvavU domum, mercatum, df alia 
quoA awni ad nocumerUum, &o. And if such things set up be aliened to 
another person, henceforth it shaU be made thus : — Quaestua est nobis 
A, quod B, ei C. kvaverurU, &c. In like manner, as a parson of a 
church may recoyer common of pasture by writ of novd disseisin, like- 
wise from henceforth his successor shall recover by writ of qtwl per' Quod permittai 
miUat against the disseisor or his heir, though a like writ were not a psiwm^'^ ^ 
granted out of the Chancery before. And in like manner, as a writ 
of iOrum is granted whether any tenement be the free alms of any Juris utrum 
ohuroh, or the lay fee of such a man, from henceforth a writ shall ajainrt an- 
be made whether it be the free alms of such church, or of another, ^^^^'' 
in case where the free alms of one church are transferred to the 
possession of another church. And whensoever from henceforth it 
shall happen in the Chancery, that in one case a writ is found, and in 
like case falling under the same law, and requiring like remedy [is found 
nonep the clerks of the Chancery shall agree in making a writ, or shall 
atterm the plaintifEs until the next parliament, and they shall write 
the cases in which they cannot agree, and refer them to the next parlia- 
ment and by consent of men learned in the law, a writ shall be 
made, lest it happen hereafter that the court should long time fail 
to minister justice to complainants. 

XXV. Forasmuch as there is no writ in the Chancery whereby plain- of enlarging 
tifEs can have so speedy remedy, as by a writ of novel disseisin ; the lord ^^^^ di$aeisin, 
the King, willing that justice may be speedily done, and delays 
in moving pleas taken away or shortened, grants that a writ of novel 
disseisin hold place in more cases than it has done heretofore ; and 
grants, that for estovers of wood, profit to be taken in a wood by gathering 

1 The worOs Non reperitur are iniertea in old printed oopie^. 


% aliis fructib3 oolligend de oorredio liberacioue bladi aut alio]^ 
victualiu aut necessario]^ in loco ^ annuatim recipieDd 
tolneto, tronagio. passagio^ pontagio % hiis siinilib3 in SiiB locis 
capiend. Custodes paroc^ boso(^ forestaj^ chacea^ warenna^ 
porta^ « aliis balliuis % officiis in feodo, iaceat de oePo assiaa 
none dissie « I omib3 supMcis modo consuetOi fiat bre de liBo 
ten. Et sicut eciam p^us iacuit « locum habuit in oomuna 
pasture ita decePo locum heat in oomuna turbarie piacarie % 
aliis comunis % hiis siiuilib3 quas quia habet ptinentes ad 
liberu ten vel eciam sine ten per spale factu adminus ad 
f minu vite. In casu eciam quando quis .tenens tenementu 
ad Emiuu anno^ vel in custodia illud alienat in feodum « p 
ilia alienacbm t^nsfert liberum ten in feo£fatum, fiat remediu 
p bre noue dissie % heant' ^ diBseisitorib3 tjun ille qui €eo£Eat 
q^ feoffatus, ita qd viuente altera eo^ locum heat bre 
predcm. Et si p mortem psoni^ oesset remediu p ^dcm bre, 
fiat remediu p bre de ingru. Et q*muis supius fiat mencio 
de* aliquib3 casib3 de quib3 locum ud habuit prius bre noue 
dissie, nO ppP hoc credat aliquis illud brene nd oompePe vbi 
prius competebat. Et licet dubitafiut quidam vtrum in casa 
quo quis pascit alterius sepale fieri poBt remediu p ^dcm 
breue, teneaf p certo qd in casu illo p ^dcm bre bonu % Stum 
est i-emediu. Et caueant decefo illi qui noiafi sunt disseisi- 
toi*e8 qd nO ppouat falsas excepcones p quas capcio assise 
difieratur^ dicendo qd alias assisa uransiuit inP easdem partes 
de eodem tonemento, vel dicendo « menciendo qd bFe de alcioti 
natura |)endet inf easde partes de eodem tenemento « sup 
hiis consimilib3 vocet rotulos uel recordu ad Warantu vt p 
ill am vocacbm asportare possiut vesturam leuare rcdditus % 
alia pficua ad magnu detrimentu quorentis quia licet prius 
illam penam no huit qui hui^modi falsas excepcones mendacit 
pposuit, nisi tantu qd post mendaciu suu conuictum pcessuni 
fnit ad capcione assise dns Rex cui odiose sunt hui'modi false 
excepcones, statuit qd si quis disseisitor noTat^ psonaliP pponat 
illam excepcom ad diem sibi datum si defeSit de Waranto 
quod vocauit heatur p disseisitore absc^ recognicbne assie % 


of nuts, aconu, and other fruits, for a oorody, deliyery of oom or other 

▼ictaals or necessaries to be received yearly in a place certain, toll» 

tronage, passage, pontage, and such like, to be taken in places certain* 

keeping of parks, woods, forests, chases, warrens, gates, and other 

baOiwioka and offices in fee, from henceforth an assise of novd di^- 

aeisin lie ; and in all cases aforesaid, according to the accustomed manner, 

the writ de libero tenemenSo be made; and as formerly it lay and held 

place in common of psatnre, so from henceforth it hold place in 

oommon of turbary, fishery, and such like commons, which any 

man has appendant to a freehold, or without freehold by special 

deed, at the least for term of life. In case also when any man holding 

a tenement for term of years, or in custody, alien it in fee, Bemedv oo 

and by such alienation transfers the freehold to the feoffee, that tenant for 

the remedy be by a writ of novd disseisin, and as well the feoffor as the ^^JSSl^ 

feoffee be held for disseisors, so that during the life of either of them the 

said writ hold place ; and if by the death of the parties, remedy by 

that writ cease, then let remedy be given by a writ of entry. And 

albeit that mention is made above of som^ cases wherein a writ of novel 

disseisin held no place before, let no man think therefore that this writ 

lies not now where it lay before ; and though some have doubted whether 

a remedy should be had by this writ in case where one grazes the several 

[pasture] of another, let it be held for certain, that there is a good and 

a snre remedy in that case by the said writ And let those who are 

named disseisors beware from henceforth that they allese not false ex- Penalty for 

failing In an 
oeptions. whereby the taking of the assise may be deferred, saying, exception 

that at another time an assise of the same tenement passed between the Sef endantf 
same parties, or saying and falsely, that a writ of a higher nature is 
pending between the same parties for the same tenement, and upon 
these and like matters do vouch rolls or record to warranty, that by the 
same vouching they may carry away the crops, receive the rents and 
other profits, to the great damage of the plaintiff. And whereas 
formerly no other penalty was limited against him who falsely alleged 
such nntrue exceptions, but only that, after his falsehood proved, 
the assise proceeded to be taken ; the lord the Ring to whom sooh 
false exceptions are odious, has ordained, that if any, being named 
disseisor, personally allege that exception at the day to him given, if 
he fail of the warranty that he has vouched, he be adjudged for a dis- 
seisor without recognition of the assise, and restore his damages before 


restituat dapna prius inquisita vel post inquirend dnplo, 
% nichilomin' p falsitate sua puniaf p p'sona vni' annL £t 
8i ilia exoepcio pponaf p balliuu nd ppP hoc differat^ capcio 
aasie « iudiciu sup i-estitucooe ten % dampn(^, ita tamen qd 
si dns illius batti qui absens ffiit postmod veniat coram 
Justic qui ass^m oeperunt « offerat verificare p recordu vel 
rotulos qd assisa alias t^nsiuit de eod ten inP easdem ptes 
\e\ qd querens alios se retraxit de breui cosimili vel pladtnm 
pendeat p bFe de alciori natura, fiat ei bre de faciendo venire 
sup hoc i^ecordu « cu illud h8it % videant Justic qd record ita 
ei missum valeret ante iudiciu qd p illud excluderef^ quereiiB 
ab aocone sua, statim faciant Justic scire parti qui prius 
reoupauit qd sit ad ^uni diem ad que reheat defeudens seis^m 
suam % dampna si qua prius soluit p p>mu iudiciu simul cum 
dampnis que habuit post p^mu iudiciu redditu que ei resti- 
tuatur in duplo sicut ^cm est. Et nichilomin^ puniat^ ille 
qui primo recupauit p p^sona scdm discrecbm Justic. Eodem 
modo si defendens cont* que t^nsiuit assisa in saa abeenda 
ostendat cartas vel quietas clamancias sup qua^ confectione nd 
ffiot Juratores examinati nee examinari potfiut p eo qd de eis 
nO fiebat mencio in placitando % pbabiliP ignorare poPunt 
confectores hui^'modi scripto^ Justic visis scriptis illis fodat 
scire parti qui recupauit qd ad ^um die « venire fac Jurator 
eiusde assie. Et si p veredcm Jur vt forte p irrotulameniu 
8c*pta ilia verificafiit, puniat^ ille qui ass^m impet^it oont* f cm 
suu p penam supMcam. C. Nee capiat decei?o vie a disseisito 
boue set a disseisitore tantu. Et si plures sit disseisitores in 
vno breui noiati nichilomin^ de vno boue sit oontentus nee 
exigat bouem nisi de ^cio q^nq^ solid(^ « qHuor denaric^ vel ^0. 
De redi«ei- jn bremb3 de redissina adiudicent^ decePo dampna in duplo 
et sint redisseisitures decePo irreplegiabiles p comune bre. 
£t sicut in statuto Merton puisum f uit Ulud breue de hiis qui 
disseisiti fuerint postq^^ recupafiint p asshn none dissTe mortis 
anoessor aut p alias Jur ulPius deceFo heat illud breue locum 
illis qui recupafiut p defaltam reddicom aut alio modo sine 
recognicone assisa^ aut Jurata]^. 



inquired of, or to be inquired of, two-fold, and nevertheless be punished by 
a year's imprisonment for his falsehood. And if that exception be alleged 
by a bailiff, that the taking of the assise be not delayed therefor, nor 
judgment upon the restitution of the tenement, and damages ; yet 
nevertheless, that if the lord of the said baili^ who was absent, come 
afterwards before the justices who took the assise, and offer to prove In what oaiie 
by recoid or rolls, that at another time an assise passed between the astise lies, 
same parties of the same tenement, or that the plaintiff at another 
time withdrew his suit in a like writ, or that a plea is pending by a 
writ of a higher nature, let a writ of venire facias be granted to him 
upon this record ; and when he has the same, and the justices see, that 
the record so sent to him would have availed before the judgment, so 
that the plaintiff by it should have been barred of his action, the 
justices forthwith cause the party who first recovered, to be warned 
that he be at a certain day, at which the defendant may have 
again his seisin and damages, if he paid any before by the first judg- 
ment, together with the damages which he sustained after the first judg- 
ment given, which shall be restored him twofold, as aforesaid ; and 
nevertheless that he who first recovered be punished by imprisonment 
according to the discretion of the justices. In the same manner if Proceedings on 
the defendant, against whom the assise passed in his absence, show any pleaded by 
charters or quit claims, upon the making of which the jurors were not SefSSd^t's 
examined, nor could be examined, because there was no mention made ^bsenoe. 
of them in pleading, and by probability they might be ignorant of the 
making of such writings, that the justices, upon the sight of those writings, 
cause the party that recovered, to be warned that he appear at a certain 
day, and cause the jurors of the same assise to come ; and if he verify 
those writings by the verdict of the jurors, or perchance by enrolment, 
that he who purchased the assise contrary to his own deed, be punished 
by the penalty aforesaid. And the sheriff from henceforth shall not 
take an ox from the disseisee, but from the disseisor only ; and if there 
be many disseisors named in one writ, yet shall he be contented with 
one ox ; nor shaU receive any ox save of 5tf. 4d, price, or the value. 

XXVI. In writs of redisseisin, from henceforth double damages shall Of redisieUln. 
be awarded, and the redisseisors shall not be repleviable hereafter by 
the common writ. And as in the statute of Merton the same writ was 
provided for those who were disseised after they had recovered by aasise 
of novel disseisin, mortd^ancestor, or other jurieR, so from henceforth 
the same writ shall further hold place for those who have recovered by 
default, reddition, or otherwise, without recognition of assises or juries. 




De aiiocacioue 
eesonii poet 

Do transgres- 

De asBigna- 
ciooe Justi- 
ciariorum in 

Pofitc]^^ aliquis posuerit se in inq^sicom ad pxm diem 
allocet' ei essoniu set ad alios dies sequentes p esscm ii5 
differat' capcio inqoisicbms siue pnus habuit esson siae no. 
Nee admittat^ esson post diem datum preoe parciu in casu 
qno partes c6senciunt venire sine esson. 

C. Cvm p statutu Glouoestr statuaf^ qd postq^* tenentes 
semel oompariierint nd allooetur eis esson in breuib5 asflosa^, 
eodem modo decePo obluef de petentib3. 

Breue de transgressione ad aucliend % Pminand decef o no 
coneedaf^ coram aliquibus Justiciar ezceptis Justic de vtro^ 
Banco % Justic Itinerant nisi p enormi t^nsg^ssione vbi neoesse 
est festinu appofie remediu, dns Bex de speciali gra hoc duSit 
concedend. Nee eciam conoedat'^ decefo bre ad audiend « 
Pminand appella coram Justiciariis assign nisi in speciali casu 
% certa causa dns Box boc ^cepit, set ne hui^modi appellati 
vel indictati diu detineanf in p^sona heant bfe de odio « 
atya sicut in magna Carta 9^ aliis statutis dcm est. 

Assignenf decePo duo Justic iurati odram quibj % no aliis 
capiant' assie none dissie mortis ancesaor « attincte « associant 
sibi duos vt vnu de di8orecorib3 miHib3 ^'^ ^ quern reSint 
% capiant assisas ^dcas % attinctas ad plus ter p annu vidj 
semel inP qnindenam sci JolLis Bapt ns gulam Aug^ti et iPnm 
in? festum Exaltacionis see crucis % oetabis sci Michis et Pcio 
inP festum Epiphie « festu Pur beate Marie et in qnolibet 
Com ad qualibet capcom anteq^^ recedant statuant diem de 
reditu suo ita qd omes de Com scire possint e<^ aduentum et 
de Fmino in Pminu adioment assis si p vocacouL Waranti p 
essoii p defcm recognitoi^, si ad \'nu die capcio eo^ differatur. 
Et si aliqua de causa viderint qd vtilis sit qd assisa mortis 
antecessoris p esson vel vocacom Waranti rospectnate 
adiomenf in Banco liceat eis hoc fa&. Et tuc mittant Justic 
de Banco recordum cu bri originali. Et cum loquela paeniat' 
ad capoom assie remittat^ loquela cu bn originali p Justic 
de Banco ad priores Justic coram quib3 capiat' assist, set 
decefo dent Justic d^ Banco in hui^modi assis adminus quatuor 
dies p annUf 

XiiT. edWakd i. 149 

' XXVII. After anyone shall have put hiniRelf upon an inquest, an essoin Allowanfle of 
shall be allowed him at the next day ; but at the other days following, SS^j^tT^^' 
the taking of the inquest shall not be delayed by essoin, whether 
he were essoined before, or not ; nor shall any essoin be allowed 
after a day given yreet partium, in case where the parties consent to 
oome without essoin. 

XXVm. Whereas by the statute of Gloucester* it is provided, that JJjJ^JJ^'i^' 
after the tenants shall have once appeared, no essoin be allowed them 
in writs of assises ; in like manner it shall be from henceforth observed 
of demandants. 

XXIX A writ of trespass, ad audiendum <Cr terminandum, from hence- Of trespass, 
forth shall not be granted before any justices, except justices of either 
Bench, and justices in eyre, unless it be for a heinous trespass, where it 
18 necessary to provide speedy remedy, and the lord the King of his 
special grace has thought it good to be granted. And from hence- 
forth a writ to hear and determine appeals before justices assigned 
shall not be granted, except in a special case and for a cause certain 
the lord the King shall have commanded it But lest the parties 
appealed or indicted be kept long in prison, they shall have a writ de 
odio df (Uia, as it is declared in Magna Charta and other statutes. 

XXX. From henceforth two Justices sworn shall be assigned, before Aflsisnment of 
whom, and not others, assises of novel diMeiain, mortd^aneuior, and counties. 
aitaiiU shall be taken, and they shall associate with them one or two 
of the most discreet knights of the county into which they shall come ; 
and they shall take the aforesaid assises and attaints, at the most, thrice 
in the year ; that is to say, once between the quinzaine of Saint John 
the Baptist and the gule of August; and again, between the feast 
of the Exaltation of. the Holy Cross, and the utas of saint Michael ; 
and the third time, between the feast of the Epiphany and the feast 
of the Purification of St. Mary ; and in every county, at every taking 
of assises, before their departure, they shall appoint the day of their 
return, so that every one of the county may know of their coming. Adjournment 
and shall adjourn the assises from term to term, if the taking of them ^ 
be deferred at any day by vouching to warranty, by essoin, or by default 
of recognitors. And if for any cause they see that it be profitable that 
assises of morid'aneestorf being respited by essoin or vouching to war- 
ranty, ought to be adjourned into the Bench, it shall be lawful for them 
to do it. And then they shall send the record with the original writ 
to the justices of the Bench ; and when the plea is come to the 
taking of the assise, the justices of the Bench shall remit the plea 
with the original writ to the former justices before whom the assise 
shall be taken. But from henceforth the justices of the Bench in such 

^ Properly Westminster L (see o. tf). 



Coram ^fatis Justic assign vt parcaf laborib3 « expeos 
atrminent^ inquisicoes capiende de transgre8sionib3 placitatis 
coram Justic de vtroc^ Banco nisi ita euormis sit t*n8gre8sio 
qd magna indigeat examinacione, atPminent' eciam cor* eis 
inquisiciones de aliis placitis placitatis in vtroq^ Banco in 
qaib3 facilis est examinacio vt quando dedicit^ ingressus vel 
seisina alicui^ vol in casu cu de vno articulo sit inqnirend. Set 
inquisicio de grossis placitis « plurib3 articulis que magna 
indigent examinacione capiant' coram Justic de Bancis nisi 
ambe partes petant qd inquisicio capiaf^ coram aliq'jib3 de 
societate cum in partes illas vefiint quod decet'o no fiat nisi p 
duos Justic vel vnu cu aliquo milite de Com in que ptes 
oonsenciiit nee atf minent' hui^modi inquisicbnes coram aliquib3 
nisi statuat' £ius dies % locus in Com in ^sencia parciu 
* dies « locus iserant' i bri de Judico p hec verba. Precipim^ 
tibi qd venir fac coram Justic apud Westm in octabis sci 
Mic^is nisi talis « talis tali die % loco ad ptes illas venerint 
xij %c. Et cu hui^modi inquisicones capte fuerint retoment' 
in Bancis % ibi fiat iudiciO % inirrotulent'. Et &i omissa 
forma predicta alique inquisicbues capiant^ p nullis habeant' 
excepto qd assisa vltime ^sentacionis % inquisicones sup 
quare impedit atterminent' in ppiio Com coram vno Justiciar 
de Banco % vno milite ad ^s tamen diem % locum in 
Banco statutos sine defendens cOsenciat vel nd % ibi 
statim reddatur iudiciu. Meant de cePo omes Justic de Bancis 
« Itifiib3 cUcos irrotulantes omnia placita coram eis placitata 
sicut antiquit^ hre consuefiut. 

Item ordinatum est qd Justic ad assisas capiend assignati 

no compellant Juratores dre precise si sit disseisit^ vel nd 

dura® voluerint di& veritatem fci « pePe auxilium Justic, set si 

sponte velint di& qd disseis est vel no admittat' enj^ dcm sb 

suo piclo. Et decePo no ponant Justic in assisis aut Juratis 

aliquos Juratores nisi eos qui ad hoc p*mo fuerint sumoniti. 

Deexcep- Cvm aliquis implacitat^ coram aliquib3 Justic pponat 

propoBitis non excepcom « petat qd Justiciar eam allocent quam si allocare 

allocatib. noluerint si ille qui excepcom pponit scribat illam excepoom 

Ne Justic 



Xlll. EDWARD i. 161 

assises shall give four da3ra at the least in the year. Inquisitions to be Inauiaitioiis of 
taken of trespasses pleaded before the justices of either Bench shall be attermlned be- 
attermined before the said justices assigned, to spare labour and expense, I ^"^ ^ ^^^^ 
except the trespass be so heinous that it shall require great examina- 
tion; inquisitions also of other pleas pleaded in either Bench, shall 
be attermined before them, in which the examination is easy, as 
when the entry (n* seisin of any is denied, or in case when one article 
is to be inquired of ; but inquisition of great pleas and many articles, 
which require great examination, shall be taken before the justices of 
the Benches, unless both parties desire that the inquisition be taken 
before some of the associates when they shall come into those 
parts; so that from henceforth it shall not be done but by two 
justices, or one, with some knight of the county,^ upon whom the 
parties agree ; and such inquisitions shall not be attermined before 
any, unless a day and a place qertain be appointed in the county, 
in presence of the parties, and the day and place inserted in a 
writ of judgment in these words : — Praecipimus tibi quod venire 
facitu coram justiciariis apud WestmonaHerium in odabis Saneti Writ of Mtoi 
Michadis, nisi talis <b talis tali die do loco ad partes illas venerinl, duo- 
decim, &o. And when such inquests be taken, they shall be returned 
into the Benches, and there shall judgment be given, and they 
shall be inroUed. And if any inquisitions be taken otherwise than 

after this form, they shall be of no effect, except that an assise of darrein ^mim t of 

dorreln wtstnt' 
presentment and inquisitions of qyare impedit shall be attermined in ment ana auar§ 

their own county before one justice of the Bench and one knight, at attermined in 

a day and place certain in the Bench assigned, whether the jdefendant * countla* 

consent or not, and there the judgment shall be given immediately. 

All justices of the Benches and in eyres from henceforth shall have 

clerks to inroU all pleas pleaded before them, as in old times they 

were wont to have. 

And also it is ordained that the justices assigned to take assises shall Justloas shall 
not compel the jurors to say precisely whether it be disseisin or not, jnron. 
provided that they will tell the truth of the fact, and require aid of 
the justices ; but if they will freely say that it is disiieisin or not, 
their verdict shall be admitted at their own peril. And from hence- 
forth the justices shall not put in assises or juries any other jurors 
than those who were summoned to the same at the first. 

XX XL When one that is impleaded before any of the justices alleges As to exoep- 
an exception, and prays that the justices will allow it, which if they will BoTaUo^vedf 
not allow, if he who alleged the exception write the said exception, 

> See writ (Plea Boll, 5 Bd. II., m. 24, art 108) directing enforcement of this 
chapter as to inquisitions of Trespasses. Cos. Cork, Limeriok and Tipperary. 


% petat qd Justic apponat sigillu suu in testimoniu, Justic 
sigiH suu apponat % si vnus appofie noluerit apponat alius 
de societate. Et si forte ad querimoniam de foo Justic venir 
fac dns Rex record coram eo « ilia excepcio nd inueniat' in 
rotulo « querens ostendat excepcom sc^ptam cu sigillo Justic 
appenso ; mandet' Justic qd sit ad ^um diem ad oognoscend 
sigillu suu vel dedicend. Et si Justic sigillu suu dedi& no 
possit poedat' ad iudiciu scdm illam exepcom put admHeda 
esset vt cassanda. 
DeReligiosis Cym religiosi « alie psone eccastice implacitent alique * 
implacitat^ fefit defallam ob quam tenementum amitPe debeat 
quia Justiciar huousc^ timuerunt qd si implacitat' fe^it 
defaltam p collusione vt cum petentes oocasione statuti per 
titulum doni aut alterius alienacionis seisinam de ten oonsequi 
nd possent per illam defaltam oonsequerenf « sic fierit fraus 
htatuto ; ordinatu est p dnm Rege « concessum qd in hoc casu 
postq^^ defalta fca fuerit inquiraf p priani vtru petens tieat 
ius in sua peticione aut nO. Et si comptu ffiit qd ^dcs 
petes ius habuerit pcedat' ad iudiciu p petente « recupet 
seisin&m suam, et si ius nd habuerit incurrat^ ten 
pximo dno feodi si illud petat infra annu a tempore 
inquisicionis capte. Et si infra annu no petat ; supiori dno 
incurrat' si petat infra dimidiu post illu annu. Et sic 
heat quilib3 diis post pxm dnm spacium dimidii anni ad 
petend sucoessione quousc^ pueiat' ad Regem cui ad vltimu p 
defectu alio]^ dn(^ tenementu incurrat^ Et ad calumpniand 
Juratores inquisicionis admittant' quicuc^ capitales dni f«3od(^ 
« similiP p Rege q' calupniare volfiit. Et remaneat terra 
postq^^ iudiciu claru f8it in manu dni Regis quousc^ ten p 
petente vel p alique capitale dnm disronet' et ofietur vie ad 
re8ix)ndend ad so^m. 
Dehiisqui Qvia multi tenetes erigunt cmoes in ten suis aut erife 

in tenemetit pmittut in ^iudiciu dndf suo]^ vt tenetes p p^uilegia templarioj^ 
sais. ^ hospitalaric^ tueri so possent cont^ capitales dnos feodoj^; 

statutum est qd htu'modi ten capitalib3 dnis aut Regi incurrant' 
eodem modo quo statuit' alibi de ten alienatis ad manum 

Xm. EDWARD r. 15S 

and require that the justice affix his seal in testimony, the justice 
shall affix his seal; and if one will not, another of his fellows shall affix 
it. And if the lord the King, upon complaint of what the justices 
haye done, cause the record to come before him, and that exception 
be not found in the roll, and the plaintiff shew the exception written, 
with the seal of a justice affixed, the justice shall be commanded to 
appear at a certain day, to confess or deny his seal ; and if the justice 
cannot deny his seal, they shall proceed to judgment according to the 
said exception, as it ought to be allowed or disallowed* 

XXXTT. When men of religion and other ecclesiastical persons im. As to Ralifftons 
plead anyone and the party impleaded shall haye made default* 
whereby he ought to lose the tenement, forasmuch as the justices have 
hitherto feared that if the party impleaded shall have made default 
by oollusion, that where the demandants, by occasion of the statute, 
could not obtain seisin of the tenement by title of gift, or other 
alienation, he should obtain it by reason of the default, and so fraud 
would be done by statute; it is ordained by the lord the King, and 
granted, that in this case, after default shall haye been made, it be 
inquired by the country, whether the demandant have right in his 
petition, or not; and if it be found that the said demandant shall have 
had right, that it pass^to judgment for the demandant, and he recover 
his seisin ; and if he have not right, that the tenement accrue to the 
next lord of the fee, if he demand it within a year from the time of 
the inquest taken ; and if he do not demand it within the year, it 
accrue to the next lord above, if he demand it within half a year after 
that year. And so every lord after the next lord may have the space of 
half a year to demand it successively, until it come to the King, to 
whom at length, through default of other lords, the tenement shall 
accrue ; and to challenge the jurors of the inquest, that each of the Ohallenge of 
chief lords of the fees be admitted, and Ukewise he who wills to ^^^i^^*^ 
challenge for the King ; and after judgment shall be clear, the land 
remain in the King's hand, until the tenement be deraigned by the 
demandant, or some other chief lord, and the sheriff be charged to 
answer at the Exchequer. 

XXXTTL Forasmuch as many tenants set up, or permit to be set up. Of those who 
crosses in their tenements, in prejudice of their lords, in order that the In^their"**^^ 
tenants may defend themselves against the chief lords of the fees, by tenement* 
the privileges of Templars and Hospitallers ; it is ordained, that such 
tenements be forfeited to the chief lords, or to the King, in the same 
manner as is provided elsewhere as to tenements aliened in mortmain. 


Demulieribus Purueu est ^ 8^ home rauist femme espouse damoysele 

raptk. "* ^^ autre femme desoremes p la ou ele ne se est assentue ne 

auaunt ne apres, eit iugement de vie % de membre. Et 

ensemeut par la ou home rauist femme dame espouse damoysele 

ou autre femme a force ; tut seit 4 elo so assente apres, eit tiel 

iugement come deuaunt est dit si il seit ateint a la suite le Rey 

« la eyt le Rey sa suite. 

De mulieribus De mulieiibj abductis cum bonis viri heat Rex sectam de 
abductis. i • . . « ,. . . 

bonis sic asportatis. Et vxor si sponte reliquent virum suum 

% abierit « moret' cum adultero suo amittat imppetunm actionem 

petendi dotem suam que ei compePe posset de ten ^dci viri 

sui si sup hoc conuincaf, nisi vir suus sponto »« abs^ 

cohcione eccastica ea reconciliet % secum cohitare pmittat, in 

quo casu restituatur ei actio. 

De monialibus Q^ii monialem a domo sua abducat, licet raonialis consenciat 

a uc IB. puniat' p p^na trium anno]^ * satisfaciat domui a qua 

abducta ffiit competenP % nichilomin^ redimat' ad voluntatcm 


Depueriasiue De pueris siue masculis sine femelt qu(^ maritagiu ad 

alique ptineat raptis % abductis % ille qui rapuit nO habens 

ius in maritagio, licet post restituat puerum nO maritatum 

vel de maritagio satisfe^it, puniat' tamen p t^nsgressione p 

prisonam diio]^ annoj^ Et si no restitfiit vel heredem post 

annos nubiles maritafiit % de maritagio satisfa& no poPit; 

abiuret regnum vel habeat ppetuam p%onam. Et sup hoc 

habeat querens tale breue. Si A. fe^it te secur %c pone p vad 

%c B. qd sit cora Justic iiris tali die osteni quare talem 

heredem infra* etatem existente cui^ maritagiu ad ipm ptinet 

tali loco inuentum rapuit « abduxit oont* voluntatem ipius 

A. % cont^ pacem %c. Et si heres sit in eodem Codfi tuc 

addat' ista clausula. Et diligenter inquiras vbi ille heres 

est in Balliua tua « ipm vbicuq^ fuerit inuent^ capias et 

saluo « secure custodias ita qd eum heas coram ^fatis 

Justic oris ad ^fatii Cminum ad reddend cui §dcoif A. vel 

B reddi debeat. C. Et fiat secta versus partem de q* quer' 

quous^ per districtione vefiit si heat p quod distringi poPit 

Xtll. EDWARD I. 156 

XXXIV. It is provided, that if a man from henceforth do ravish a Bape of 

women and 
married woman, a maid, or other woman, where she did not consent, ifirls. 

either before or after, he have judgment of life and of limb; and like- 
wise where a man ravishes a woman, married lady, maid, or other 
woman, with force, although she consent after, that he have such judg- 
ment as beforeeud, if he be attainted at the King's suit, and there the 
King have his suit. 

Of women carried away with the goods of a husband, the King Of women 
shall have the suit for the goods so taken away. And if a wife will- 
ingly leave her husband, and go away, and continue with her adulterer, 
she shall be barred for ever of action for demanding her dower, that she 
ought to have of her said husband's tenements, if she be convict 
thereupon, unleas her husband willingly, and without coercion of the 
church, become reconciled to her, and suffer her to dwell with him ; 
in which case action shall be restored to her. 

He who carries away a nun from her house, although the nim J^[J**^*^ 
consent, shall be punishe d by three years' imprisonment, and shall 
make suitable satisfaction to the house from whence she was taken, 
and nevertheless shall make fine at the King's wilL 

XXXV. Concerning children, male or female, taken and carried Taking away 
away, whose marriage belongs to any person, if the ravisher have no 

right in the marriage, though afterwards he restore the child unmarried, 
or else shall have made]satisf action for the marriage, he shall neverthe- 
less be punished for his offence by two years' imprisonment. And if 
he shall not restore, or shall have married the heir after marriageable 
years, and* be not able to satisfy for the marriage, he shall abjure 
the realm, or have perpetual imprisonment ; and thereupon the 
plaintiff shall have such a writ : — 8i A. fecerit te securuiUf dsc. Writ of 
Tpone per vadium, <f?c, B, quod ait coram justiciariia nostrie tali ^^d. ™^ 
die osUnsurus, quart talem haeredem infra aetaiem existenUm, cujus 
maritagium ad ipeum pertinet, tali loco inventum rapuit <fr abduxit 
contra voluiUatem ipsiua A. df contra paeem, dsc. And if the heir ^ the proper 
be in the same county, then this clause must be thereto added : — Et ^'^^^'V* 
dUigenter inqtiiraa, ubi Hie haerts est in balliva tua ; ds ipaum 
{ubicunque fuerit inventus) capias do salvo df secure custodias, ita quod 
eum habeas coram praefatis justiciariis nostris ad praefatum terminum, 
ad reddendum eui praedictorum A. vel B. reddi deheat. And let suit 
be made against the party* of whom comprint is made, until he shall 


vel p cotumaciam si nd sit iusticiabilis exigat' « vtlaget'. Si 
forte hui^modi herea ducat' % transfera' in alium Com tuc 
vie illiuB Coiii fiat Bre sub bac forma. C. Questus est nobis A. 
qd B. nup talem beredem infra etatem « in custodia sua 
aidstente tali loco in Coiii tali rapuit % de Com illo ad talem 
locum in Com tuo abduxit cont^ voluntatem ipius A. « pacem 
nram. Et ideo tibi ^cipim^ qd ^dcm berede vbicuc^ eum in 
Balliua tua inueniri poPis capias 9i saluo « secure eum custodial 
ita qd eu heas cora Justic nris tali die « loco que diem idem A. 
babet versus ^dcm B. ad reddend cui de iure reddi debeat. Bt 
si beres auteq^^ inueniri poPit vel «iq^» restituat' querenti 
obierit nicblLomin^ pcedat pladtum inP eos quousq^ Pmine' 
cui restitui deberet si supstes fuisset nee excusabit' aut 
alleniabif^ ille qui iuiste rapuit bui^modi beredem de pena 
supMca ]XN3t morte hered cui^ extitit male fidei possessor 
dum vixit. Et si querens obierit ante placitu Pminatu si 
ius ei competebat racione pprii feodi sui resumoneat' loquela 
ad sectam bered querentis « pcedat placitum debito ordine, 
si vero p alium titulum dno^ competat ei ius sicut titulo 
donacionis vendidonis aut alio bui^modi titulo ; tuc resum 
loquela ad secta executor querentis « pcedat placitu vt j^dcm 
est. Eodem modo si moriat' pars defendens antec^ placitum 
Pminet' vel beres restituat', pcedat placitum p resumon inS 
querentem vel eius beredem seu executores « executores 
defendentis vel eius beredem si executores nO sufliciant quo 
ad satisfactdm de valore maritagii scdm quod in aliis statutis 
continetur, set nd quo ad penam prisone qua quis p alieno 
fco no est puniendus. Eodem modo cum pendeat placitum 
in? partes de custodia terre vel beredis vel vt^usq^ p cOe 
bre quod incipit. Precipe tali qd reddat %c fiat resum inP 
beredes % executores querentis. Et similiter beredes aut 
executores defendentis si mors alteram partem l^ueniat ante 
placitum f'minatum. Et cum pueniatur ad magnam districcom 
detur ('minus infra tres Comitat^ teneant' ad minus. In quoj^ 

* Thii word does not ooenr in other MSS. 


oome in by distreeB, if he have whereby he may be distrained ; 
or else for his contumacy, if he be not brought to justice, he shall 
be proclaimed and be outlawed. If perchance such heur be carried Writ, if heir 
and transferred into another county, then a writ shall be made to another couoty 
the sheriff of that county in this form : — Qwustus est nobis A, quod 
B, nuper kUem haeredem infra aetatem A in custodia sua existentem 
tali loeo in comitatu tali rapuU, A de comitaiu Hlo ad talem locum 
in comitahi tuo abduxU contra voluntatem ipsius A. df pacem nostram. 
Bt ideo tibi jfraedpimus, quod praedictum haeredem {ubicunque eum in 
bailiva tua invenire poteris) capias, ds salvo ds secure eum custodias, 
iia quod eum habeas coram justidaHis nostris, tcdi die do loeo quern 
diem idem A.- habet versus praedictum B, ad reddendum cui de jure reddi 
debeai. And if the heir die before he can be found, or before he can be 
restored to the plaintiff, nevertheless the plea shall proceed between Death of heir 
them, until it be decided to whom he ought to have been restored if ea<£oS.^ 
he had been living; neither shall he who unjustly ravished such an heir 
be excused or relieved of the punishment aforesaid after the death of the 
heir, whom he became possessed of by wrong while he lived. And if 
the plaintiff die before the plea be determined, if the right belonged to Death of 
him by reason of his proper fee, the plea shall be resummoned at the suit ^ ^ 
of the heir of the plaintiff, and the plea shall proceed in due order ; 
but if the right belong to him by another title, as by a title of gift, sale, 
or other such like title, then the plea shall be resummoned at the suit 
of the execut(»8 of the plaintiff, and the plea shall proceed as before- 

In the same manner if the defendant die before the plea be tried. Death of 

or the heir be restored, the plea shall proceed by resummons between the 

plaintiff, or his heir or executors, and the executors of the defendant, 

or his heir, if the executors be not sufficient to satisfy for the value of 

the marriage, according as it is contained in other statutes, but not as 

to the penalty of impri^nment, for none ought to be punished for 

the offence of another. In the same manner when a plea is pending Resummons 

between parties as to custody of land, or of an heir, or of both, by the custodia, 

common writ which begins Praecipe tali, quod reddat, etc,, resummons 

shall be made between the heirs and executors of the plaintiff, and 

likewise the b^irs or executors of the defendant, if death prevent the 

other party before the plea is determined ; and when it has passed 

to the great distress, a term shall be given, within which three county 



De pro- 
placita per 

Quod dia- 
trictio fiat per 

De hiis qui 
debent poni 

quolibet Comitatu fiat publica pclamacio qd deforc veniat ad 
Baocu ad diem in bri contentu respons qaerenti. Ad quern 
diem si no vefiit % pclamacio fit semel sodo % Pcio testificata 
fuerit, pcedatur ad iudiciu p querenti saluo iure defendentis 
si postmod inde loqui voluerit. Eodem modo fiat in bri de 
t^nsgressione cum quis querit' se eiectum fuisse de hui'modi 

Qvia dni Gur « alii qui Curias tenent % senescalli volentes 
grauai'e subditos suos cum no heant legale viam eos grauandi 
^uitint alios mouere querelas vers^ eos « dare vad % 
ofierre plegios vel impetr^ bria « ad sectas hui^modi 
querenciu compellunt eos soqui Com Hundr « Cuf quousq^ 
fine fe^int cu ipis p voluntate sua ; statutu est qd hoc 
decefo no fiat. Et si aliquis p hui^modi falsas querimonias 
ffiit attachiatus replegiet districcom sua sic captam « poni 
faciat loquelam cora quib3 si vie vel alius Balliuus vel dns 
postq^^ sic districtus formafiit querimonia aduocauerit 
districcom iustam rone hui^modi querimonia^ coram eia fcajs 
« replicet' qd hui'modi querimonie versus eos mouebant' 
maliciose ad instanciam seu pcuracom vie vel ali(^ Balliuc^ 
aut dno^ admittaf^ ilia replicaco. Et si sup hoc conuicti 
f&it versus diim Regem redimant' % nichilomin^ hui^modi 
sic grauatis dampna in triple i*estituant 

Qvia eciam Balliui ad quos ex officio ptinet districcones 
fa^e grauare volentes subditos suos vt ab eis pecuniam 
extorqueant mittunt ignott^s ad faciend dist^ctoes ea intencione 
vt subditos grauare possent p hoc qd sic districti nO hentes 
noticia psona]^ no pmittut hui'modi districcones sup eos 
fieri ; statutu est qd nulla dist^ctio fiat nisi p Ballinos Jiir 
% notos. Et dist^ngentea si alio modo feftnt « de hoc 
couicti ffiint si g^nati bre de f^nsgressione impet^ierint 
restitiiant grauatis dampna et ^s' Regem gi-auiP puuiant^ 

Qvia eciam vicecomites hui^raodi^ BaHi liBtatum consue&unt 
grauare subditos suos ponendo in assis Jur homines languidos 

1 The English Statute BoU reads " hund" " here. 

XIII. EDWARD 1. 159 

courts at the least may be held, in every of which open proclamation 

shall be made, that the deforcer come into the Bench at the day 

contained in the writ, to answer the plaintiff ; at which day if he come 

not, and the proclamation be so returned once, twice, and thrice, the 

judgment shall pass for the plaintiff, saving the right of the defendant, 

if afterwards he wishes to plead thereof. In the same manner it shall The like in 

be done in a writ of trespass, when anyone complains that he was ciutodie. 

ousted from such custodies. 

XXXVI. Forasmuch as lords of courts, and others who hold courts, and Of those who 

procure plf'as 
seneschals, intending to harass their tenants, where they have no lawful through 

means of harassing them, procure others to move complaints against 
them, and to give gages and offer pledges, or to purchase writs, and 
at the suit of such plaintiffs compel them to follow the county, hundred, 
and courts, until they shall have made fine with them at their will ; it 
is ordained, that it be not henceforth so done, and if any be attached 
upon such false complaints, that he replevy his distrera so taken, and 
cause the plea to be brought [before the justices], before whom if the 
sheriff, or other bailiff, or lord, after that the party distrained shall 
have framed his plaint, will avow the distress lawful by reason of 
such complaints made before them, and it be replied that such com- 
plaints were moved maliciously against them by the solicitation or 
procurement of the sheriff, or other bailiffs, or lords, that replication 
shall be admitted ; and if they be convict hereupon, that they make 
fine to the King, and nevertheless restore treble damages to the parties 
so injured. 

XXXVII. Forasmuch also as bailiff, to whose office it belongs to That distress 
make distresses, intending to harass those within their jurisdiction that bai&s known, 
they may exact money from them, send strangers to make distresses, 

to the intent that they might harass such, by reason that the parties 
so distrained, not knowing such persons, will not suffer such distresses 
, to be made upon them ; it is provided, that no distress be made, but 
by bailiffs sworn and known. And if those distraining shall do other- 
wise, and thereof be convict, if the parties injured will purchase a 
writ of trespass, they shall restore damages to the parties injured, and 
be heavily punished towards the King. 

XXXVIIL Forasmuch also as sherifb, [hundreders], and bailiffs of persons who 
liberties, have used to harass those within their jurisdiction by putting SJI to Msiaef. 


decrepitoB ppetua vol temporali infirmitaie languentes homines 
eciam tempore sumoniconis sue in fSria nd cOmorantes 
sumonedo eciam effrenatam multitudine JuratoJ^ ita vt sic 
a quib3da eos in pace dimittendo pecuniam eztorqueant « 
sic iiunt assie « Jur mnltociens p paupiores diuitib3 p suo 
dando domi comoTantib3 ; statutu est qd de cePo no sumoneanf 
in vna assis* plures <^ viginti quatiior senes % videlicet 
vltra sexaginta % decern annos ppetuo languid! vi tempore 
siimonicois infirmi vel in patria nO cOmorantes nO ponant' 
in Juratis vel in minorib3 assis nee ecia ponanf in assis 
aut Jut licet in ppH> Com capi debeant aliqui qui min' ten 
teneant c^^ de valore viginti solido^ p annu. Et si hui'modi 
assise % Jurate extra Oomitatu capi debeant, nO ponat' in 
eis aliquis qui minus tenementu habeat (^a ad valenciam 
Quadraginta solid(^ p annu illis exceptis qui testes sunt in 
Cartis vt aliis scriptis quo^ ^sencia posita^ est dum tamen 
potentes sint ad laborandu. Nee deb3 istud statutu extendi 
ad magnas assisas in quib3 optet aliquando pofie milites in 
pat^ nd residentes ppP paucitate militum dum tamen ten 
in Com tieant. Et si viceoomites vt subvic sui seu Bafii 
liBtatu cont^ istud statutu in aliquo articulo vefiint % sup 
hoc couincanf, restituant dampna grauatis et nichilomin^ 
sint in mia Regis ; et heat Justic ad assist capiend assignati 
cu in Com vefiint potestatem audiendi querimonias singulo^ 
coquerenciu quo ad articulos in isto statute contentos % 
iusticiam in forma ^dca exhibend. 
De vioecomi- Qvia Justic ad quc^ officiu spectat vnicuic^ coram eis 
retonumtibus placi*»iiti iusticiam exhibere frequencius impediunf^ quo 
breaia. min^ officiu suu debito mode exequi possunt p hoc qd vie 

breuia originalia % iudicialia no retomant p hoc € qd ad 
breuia Regis falsum retomant responsum puidit diis Rex « 
ordinauit qd illi qui timent malicia vie liberent breuia sua 
originalia <« iudicialia in pleno Com vt in retro Coin vbi fit 
coUectio deuaric^ dni Regis % capiat^ bilettii de vie ^aente 

The BngUah Stainte Boll reads nseeuaria here. 

XIII. EDWAlll) I. 161 

in assise? and juries men diseased, decrepit, or having chronic or tem- 
porary sickness, also men who dwelt not in the country at the 
time of their summons, and also by summoning an unreasonable number 
of jurors, to extort money from some of them for letting them go in 
peace, and so the assises and juries pass many times by poor men, while 
the rich men abide at home by reason of their bribes ; it is ordained, 
that from henceforth in one assise no more be summoned than twerty- 
four ; and that old men. above threescore and ten years, men con- 
tinually sick, or infirm at the time of the summons, or not dwelling 
in that country, be not put in juries or petit a&sises : nor that any be 
pat in assises cr juries, though they ought to be taken in their own 
county, who hold a tenement of less value than twenty shillings yearly. 
And if such asjises and juries ought to be taken out of the county, none 
be placed in them who have a tenement worth less than forty shillings 
yearly, except such as are witnesses in charters or other writings, whose 
presence is necessary, provided they are able to work. Nor ought this EzoeptlonaB to 
statute extend to great assL^ies, in which at times it behoves knights not 
resident in the country to be plckced, owing to the scarcity of knights, pro- 
vided that they have tenements in the county. And if sheriffs, or their 
under-sheriffs, or bailiffs of liberties, offend in any point against this 
statute, and thereupon be convicted, that they restore damages to the 
parties injured, and they nevertheless be amerced to the King ; and that 
justices assigned to take assises, when they come into the county, have 
power to hear the plaints of all complainants as to the articles contained 
in this statute, and to minister justice in form aforesaid. 

XXXIX. Forasmuch as justices, to whose office it belongs to minister' Of nheriffs 
justice to each one suing before them, are many timen hindered in due recuma to 
execution of their office, because sheriffs do not return writs original "^^^^ 
and judicial ; and also because they make false return to the King's 
writs ; the lord the King has provided and ordained, that those who fear 
the malice of sberiffd, deliver their writs original and judicial in the full 
county court, or in the rere county court, wher^ t^^e collection of the 
King's money is made ; and a bill be taken of the sheriff, being present, 


vt subvic in quo biletto contineant' noia parciu * teiiemento]^ 
que noiano' in bri. Et ad requisicom illiua qui bfe liberauit 
apponaf sigiilu vie vt subvic in testimon * fiat mencio de die 
liberaconis breuis. Et si vicecomites vt subvic hui^modi 
biletto sigilla sua appofie nol&int, capiat' testimoniu militum 
« alioj^ fidediguo^ qui ^sentes ffiint qui sigilla sua hui^modi 
biletto apponant. Et si vie bria sibi libeiata n6 retornaflit 
% sup hoc ad Justic pueniat querimonia mandet' per breue 
de Judicio Justic ad assist capiend assign qd inquirant p 
eos qui ^sentes ffiint quando bre vie liberatu fuit si scifiint 
de ilia liberacone « inquisicio retomet'. Et si comptu fSit 
p inquisicom qd bre ei fuit libatum adiudicenf petenti vel 
querenti dampna habito respectu ad quantitate t qualitate 
actionis % ad piculum quod ei euenire posset p dilacpm qua 
paciebat^ Multociens eciam capiunt placita ditonem p hoc 
qd vie respondet qd |)cepit BaHis alicui' libertatis qui nichil 
fe^unt * ndiat libtates que nuq^» returnu briu habuerunt ppP 
quod ordinauit dns Rex qd Thesaurarius de sc*cio liberet in 
rotulo omnes libtates in quib3cuq^ Conntatib3 que habent 
returnu breuiu. Et si vie respondet qd returnu fecit Balliuis 
alterius libtatis q^^ alicui^ contente in ^dco rotulo statim 
puniaf vie tamq^^ exheredator Regis « Corone sue. Et si 
forte res|K)ndet qd retomauit BaHis alicui' libtatis que 
veracif returnu habet maiidet' vie qd no omittat ppF 
jideam libtatem quiu exequaf |iceptQ dni Regis, et 
qd scire faciat BaHis quib3 j^ecit returnu qd sint ad dieiu 
in bri contentu ad i-es^K^ndend q*^ de ^^cepto dni Regis 
execucbm nO fe&int. Et si ad dieiu vefiint « se acq*etent 
qd returnu nO fuit eis fcni, statim condampnet' vie dno illius 
liBtatis « sitr ^larti lese p ditonem in restitucom dampn<^. Et 
si Batti ad diem no veneiint vel veMnt % supMco modo se nd 
acq^tafiint in quolibet bri de iudicio q^Miu durat placitu 
^cipiat' vie qd nO omittat ppf libtate *c. Multociens ecia 
fabum dant responsum quo ad illu articulu qd de exitib3 «c 
mandantes aliquondo « mecientes qd nulli sunt exitus 
aliquando qd i>arui sunt exitus cu de maiorib3 vespondero 

Xlll. EDWAttI) I. 103 

or under8heri£F. in which bill the names of the partiea and tenements 

namod in the writ shall be contained : and that at the request o! him 

who delivered the writ, the seal of the sheriff or undersheriff be put in 

testimony, and mention be made of the day of the delivery of the writ. 

And if the sheriffs or undersheriffs will not put their seals to such bill, 

the testimony of the knights and other credible persons who shall be 

present, who put their seals to such bill, be taken. And if the sheriff shall ^^j^^i?"^ , 
*^ ' noo-retam of 

not have returned writs delivered to him, and complaint thereof come to writs, 
the justices, that a writ of judgment go to the justices assigned to take 
assises, that they inquire by those who were present at the delivery of 
the writ to the sheriff, if they knew of that delivery, and an inquest be 
returned. And if it be found by the inquest, that the writ was delivered 
to him, that damage8i)e awarded to the demandant or plaintiff ; having 
respect to the quantity and quality of the action, and to the peril that 
might have come to him by reason of the delay that he sustained. [And 
that by this means there be remedy, when the sheriff returns that the 
writ came so late, that he could not execute the King's commandment.]' 

Oftentimes also pleas are delayed by reason that the sheriff returns JJ^i®!® ^ 
that he has commanded the bailiffs of some liberty who did nothing ratumed. 
therein, and names liberties that never had the return of writs ; where- 
upon the lord the King has ordained, that the treasurer of the Exchequer 
deliver [to the justices] iu a roll, all the liberties in all counties that have 
return of writs. And if the sheriff answer that he has made return to the 
bailiffs of another liberty than of any contained in the said roll, the sheriff 
be forthwith punished as a disheritor of the lord the King and his crown. 
And if perchance he an^swer that he has made return to the bailiffs 
of some liberty that indeed has return, the sheriff be commanded, that 
he omit not by reason of the aforesaid liberty, but execute the lord the 
King's precept ; and that he cause the bailiffs to whom he made return 
to know that they be ready at a day contained in the writ, to answer 
wherefore they did iiot execute the lord the King's precept ; and if 
they shall come at the day, and acquit themselves, that no return of the 
writ was made to them, the sheriff be forthwith condemned to reader 
damages to the lord of that liberty, and likewise to the party injured 
by the delay. And if the bailiffs shall not come at the day, or shall 
come and not acquit themselves, in manner aforesaid, in every writ of 
judgment, so long &s the plea depend, the sheriff be commanded that 
he omit not by reason of the liberty, &c. 

Many times also [sheriffs] make false return as touching this article, SheriflH* false 
quod de exifibus, kc, returning sometimes, and lying, that there arc no j 

This MDtencs which is not in tbo Bad Book is from tho English Statute 

M :: 


possint, aliqiiando nQ facientes mencione de exitib5, p[# quod 
oi*dinatu est * cocordatum qd si querens petat auditum 
responsionis vie, ooncedatur ei. Et si offerat verificare qd vie de 
maiorib3 exitib3 respondere potuit, fiat ei bre de Judicio ad 
Justic ad assisas capiendas assign qd inquirant in ^seneia vie 
si inPesse volSit de quib5 « quantis exitib5 vie respondere 
potuit a die reoepcionis bris vsq^ ad diem in breui contentu. Et 
cum inquisicio retornata ffiit si de pleno prius non respondit 
ofief de supplusagio p extractas liBatas ad sc^cm % nichilomin' 
grauiter an)ciet^ p concelamento. Et sciat vie qd redditus blada 
in grangia "^ omia mobilia preter equitatura indumenta « 
vten-silia dom' continet' sub noie exituu. Et ^oep^^diis Rex 
qd vie p hui'modi falsis responsis semel % iterum si sit neoesse 
castiget' p Justic. Et si tertio deliquerint alius no apponat 
manu q^^ diis Rex. Multocies eciam falsum dant i*esponsum 
mandando qd nO potSut psequi ^ceptu Regis ppF resistenciam 
potestatis alicui" magnatis, de quo caueant vicecom decePo 
quia hi^modi responsio multu redundat in dedecus dni Reg ; % 
q^*cito sub Balliui sui testificentur qd inuenerut hui^modi 
resistenciam, statim omib3 omissis assupto secu posse Com sui 
oat in ppria psona « faciat execucom. Et si inueniat sub BaHTos 
suos mendaoes puniat eos p prisonam ita qd alii p eolf penam 
castigent''.. Et si inueniat eos veraces^ ccustiget resistentee p 
p^sonam a qua nd deliberenf sine speciali ^cepto dni Regis. Et 
si forte cum vie vefiit resistencia inuefiit f tificet Curiam dc 
ndil)5 resistenciu auxilianciu consencienciu |)cipienciu % faut(^ 
<« p bre de iudicio attachient^ hui^modi p corpora ad veniend 
ad Cur^. Et si de hi^ resistencia cduincant'^ punianf scdm qd 
dno Regi placfiit, nee intromittat se aliquis minister dni Reg 
de pena hui^modi infligenda <^ diis Rex hoc sibi sf^liP 
reseruat p eo qd hui^modi resistentes censent^ pacis sue % r^ni 
sui peiii'batores. 
De iure Cvm quis alienet ius vxoris sue, concordatum est qd decePo 

virum. secta mulieris aut eius heredis no differat' post obitu viri p 

mmore etate heredis qui Warantizare debet set expectet 
emptor qui ignorare no debuit qd ius alien u emit vsq^ ac^ 
etate Waranti sui de Warantia sua habend^. 


issues, sometimes that the issues are small when they might return great, 
and sometimes not making mention of any issues ; wherefore it is 
ordained and agreed, that if the plaintiff demand hearing of the sheriff's 
return, it be granted him ; and if he offer to aver that the sheriff might 
have answered of greater i-tsues. that he have a writ of judgment to the 
justices assigned to take assises, that they inquire in presence of the 
sheriff, if he wish to be there, of what and how gre^t issues the sheriff 
might have answered from the day of the receipt of the writ unto the 
day contained in the writ. And when the inquest shall have been re- 
turned, if he have not before answered for the whole, that he be charged 
with the overplus by estreats delivered in the Exchequer, and nevertheless 
be heavily amerced for the concealment And let the sheriff know that What shall be 
rents, corn in grange, and all movables, except harness, clothing, Jf^u^g"*®** 
and household stuff, be contained under the title of Issues, And the 
lord the King commands, that sheriffs be punished by the justices 
once and again if need be, for such false returns ; and if they offend a 
third time, none other than tho lord the King shall apply his hand. 
They make also many limes false answer, returning that they could not 

execute the King's precept on account of the resistance of some great Reaistanoo of 
* ' ' ® execution of 

man ; whereof let the sheriffs beware from henceforth, for such answer process. 

redounds much to the dishonour of the lord the King ; and as soon as 
his under-bailiffs testify that they shall have found such resistance, forth- 
with everything being laid aside, taking with him the posse eomiiatus, 
let him go in his own person and make execution ; and if he find 
his under-bailiffs false, let him punish them by imprisonment, so that 
others by their punishment may be corrected ; and if he find them true. Punishment 
he shall punish those who resist by imprisonment, from whence they shall 
not be delivered without the lord the King's special commandment. 
And if perchance the sheriff, when he shall have come, find resistance, 
he shall certify the court of the names of the rcsisters, aiders, con. 
sen ten, commanders, and favourers, and by a writ of judgment such 
shall be attached by their bodies to come to the court; and if 
they be convicted of such resistance, they shall be punished at the 
King*s pleasure. Neither shall any officer of the lord the King inter- 
meddle in assigning such punishment, for the lord the King specially 
reserves it to himself, because those who so resist are reputed dis- 
torbere of his peace and realm. 

XL. Where anyone aliens the right of his wife, it is agreed that Of ri^ht 
£rom henceforth the suit of the woman, or her heir, after the death of husband/ ^ 
the husband, be not delayed by the nonage of the heir who ought to 
warrant, but let the purchaser, who ought not to have been ignorant 
that he bought another's right, wait to have his warranty until 
the full age of the warrantor. 


Det«nementlfl Statuit dns Rex qd si Abbaten Piiores Custodes liospitaliu 
elwnoainam '^ *^^^ domo^ Religiosa^ fundata^ ab ipo vel a pgenitorib5 suis 
alienatis. alienauerint decePo ten domib5 ipis ab ipo vel a pgenitorib3 
suis collata ten ilia in manu dni Regis capianf % ad 
voluntate suam teneant' % emptor amittat suu recnpare te 
de ten q^* de pecunia qua pacauit. Si aute domus ille a 
Coinitib3 Baronib5 vel aliis fundate fuerint de ten sic 
alienatis heat ille a quo vel a cui' antecessorib3 ten sic 
alienatu coUatu fuerit, bre ad recupandu ten in dnioo quod 
tale est. 

C. Precipe tali Abbati qd iuste *c reddat B. tale ten quod 
*eidem domui coUatu fuerit in liberam elemosinam p ^dcm 
B. vel antecessores sues et qd ad ^dcm B. re&ti debet p 
alienacom qua ^dcs Abbas fecit de ^dco ten oont^ forma 
collacionis f^dce vt dicit. Eodem modo de ten dato p cantaria 
sustentanda vt luminari in aliqua eoca vel Capella vel alia 
elemosina sustentanda si ten sic datu alienet'. Et si forte 
ten sic datum p cantaria luminari potnra paupu vel alia 
elemosina facienda no fuerit alieiiatum set subtracta fBit 
hui^modi elemosina p bienniu competat accio donntori aut 
eius heredi ad petend ten sic datum in dnico sicut statutu 
est in statuto Gloucestr de ten dimissis ad faciend vel 
reddend quartam partem valoris tenemeuti vel maioris. 
DemareBcallii De Marescallis dni Regis de feodo, Camerariis, Custodib3 
miiustriB hostioj^ in ItiSe Justic * ?uientib3 virgam portantib3 coram 
domini Regia. Jugtic apud Westm qui illud habent de feodo qui plus 
exigunt racione feodi sui qua exi^e consueurut scdm qd 
roulti querunt^ p eos qui statum Our a multo tempore 
viderunt * sciunt diis Rex inquiri fecit que statum ^dci 
ministri de feodo tire qsuefiunt temporib3 retroactis. Et p 
inquisiciones statuit « ^cepit qd marescallus de feodo qui 
de nouo exigit palefridum de Comitib5 * Baronib3 ^ *l'>s p 
ptem Baronie tenentib3 palefridnm quando homagiu fecerunt 
« nichilomin^ ad miliciam eotfi alium palefHd. Et de quib^da 
de quib3 palefridu tire no debuit, palefridu de nouo exigit 
ordinauit qd ^dcs marescallus de quolibet Comite % Barone 

XTTT. FDWARt) t. l67 • 

XLT. The lord the Kinc has ordainrd, that if abbots, prion, wardens Ot tenament* 

'^ , given in «1m)i 

of hoRpitalfl and other rclif^ious houAes founded by him or by his progeni- lieing alloned. 

tors, from henceforth shall have aliened the tenements bestowed upon 
their houses by him or by his progenitors, those tenements be taken into 
the lord the King's hand, and held at his will, and the purchaser lose his 
recovery as well of the tenements, as of the money that he paid. And 
if the houses were founded by Earls, Barons, or other persons, that for 
the tenements so aliened, he by whom, or by whose ancestor, the tene- 
ment so aliened was bestowed, have a writ to recover the tenement in de- 
mesne, which is thus : — Praeripe tali abbati, quod jvMe^ etc,, reddal B„ "^rjt of 

• , contra farmam 

tale tenementum quod eidem domui colkUum fu'rii in liberam demostnam eolhitionit. 

per praedietum B. vet anteeessores suos, <b quod ad praedictum B, reverti 

debet per alienatiojiem quam praedietus abbas fecit de praedicto tenemeniOf 

contra formam cdUationvt praedictae, ut dicit. In like manner for a tene- lAuds for 

ment given for the maintenance of a chantry, or of a light in any church of a ohaatry, 

or chapel, or other alms to be maintained, if the tenement so given be 

alieneci But if the tenement so given for a chantry, light, sustenance 

of poor people, or other alms to be done, shall not be aliened, but Writ of 

11, ,1 -ft ce*»npit on 

such alms be withdrawn by the space of two years, an action he for withdrawal 

the donor or his hdr to demand the tenement so given in demesne, 
as is ordained in the statute of Gloucester for tenements demised, to do 
or to render the fourth part of the value of the tenement or more. 

XLII. Concerning the lord the King's marshals of fee, chamberlains, [Fees] of the 
door keepers in the eyres of the justices, and Serjeants bearing the verge marshals and 
before the justices at Westminster, who have the same office in fee, other offlcerB. 
who exact more by reason of their fee than they were wont to exact, ac- 
cording as many complain by those who have seen and known the order of 
the court for a long time ; the lord the King has caused enquiry to be 
made, what position the said officers of fee were wont to hold in time 
past, and by inquest has ordained and commanded, that a marshal of 
fee, who anew exacts a palfrey of Earls and Barons, and others holding by 
a part of a Barony, when they have done homage, and nevertheless an- 
other palfrey when they are made knights, and exacts a palfrey of 
some that ought not to give one ; he has ordaiued that said marshal FromEarU 
be content with one palfrey from every Earl and Baron, holding by 


integram Baroniam tenente de vnico palefrido sit contentus 
vel de precio quale antiquit^ de consuetudiiie pcipe cdHueuit. 
Ita qd si ad homagiu quod fe^it palefridu vel preciu in 
forma |)dca cepit ad luiliciam suain nicbil capiat. Et si 
forte ad homagiu nichil cepit^ ad milicia capiat. De Abbatib3 
* Priorib3 integram -Baroniam tenentib3 cu boma^O vel 
fidelitate fe^int p Baroniis suis capiat palefridu vel fJciu vt 
|)dcm est. Hoc idem de Archiepis « Epis ob§uand est. De 
hiis aute qui parte Baronie tenent sine sint Beligiosi siue 
seculares capiat scdm porcom partis Baroni» qua tenent. De 
Religiosis tenentibj in liberam elemosinam % no p Baroniam 
vel ptem Baronie nichil decefo exigat marescallus % 
concessit dns Rex qd p hoc statutu nd |)cludatur marescallus 
suus de feodo in plus petendo si inposteru ostendere poPit 
qd ius tieat plus petendL CaiSarii dni Regis heant decePo de 
Archiepis Epis AbBib3 Priorib3 ^ aliis psonis eccasticis 
Comitib3 Baronib3 integram Bai*oniam tenentib3 i^onabilem 
iinem cum homagiu aut fidelitate p Baron fe^ut. Et si pte 
Baronie teneant capiant ronabile fine scdm porcom ipos 
contingente. Alii uero AbBes % Priores % Religiosi % seculai^es 
no tenentes p Baroniam vel pte Baronie no dist^inganf ad 
fine faciend scdm qd de tenentib3 p Baroniam vel pie 
Baronie dcm est, set sit CaiSarius de supiori indumento 
contentus vel de ^cio indumenti qd plus dcm est p 
Religiosis q^^ 8ecularib3, quia houestius est qd Religiosi 
faciant fine p supiori indumento q^^ exuant^ 
De Gonser- Prohibeat^ decePo hospitalariis « Templariis ne decePo 

Priuilegio- trahant alique in placitu coram ConseruKtorib3 priuilegioj^ 
rum. suoJ^ de aliqua re cui^ coguicio spectat ad forum Regiu, quod 

si fe^int p^mo restitutis dampnis parti grauate versus dnm 
Rege graui^ puniant^. Prohibet % dus Rex Conseruatorib3 
p^uilegio^ eo]^de ne decePo ad instanciam hospitalario]^ aut 
Templario^ aut alio]^ p^uilegiato^ concedant citaciones 
priusq^^ exprimat' uup qua re fieri debeat citacio. Et si 
viderunt hui^modi conseruatores qd |>etat' citacio de aliqua 
re cui' cognicio ad foru spectat regiu, huiusmodi couseruatoi^s 

xin. kdWahd 1. 169 

an entire Barony* or with the price of it, such as he was wont to 

have of old by oustom ; so that if at the homage ho Bhall have taken a 

palfrey, or the price, in form aforesaid, he take nothing when he is 

made knight ; and if he shall have taken nothing at the homage, he 

take it when he is made knight. Of Abbots and Priors holding an From AbboU 

entire Barony, when they shall have done* homage or fealty for their 

Baronies, he take one palfrey, or the price, as aforesaid ; and that 

this also be observed as to Archbishops and Bishops. Of those who ArohbiBhops 

and Bishops, 
hold but a part of a Barony, whether they be religious or secular, he 

take according to the portion of the part of the Barony that they hold. 

Of men of religion holding in free alms and not by a Barony, nor part Men of 

of a Barony, the marshal from henceforth shall demand nothing : and the 

lord the King has granted, that by this statute his marshal of fee be not 

barred from demanding more, if hereafter he can show that he has right to 

demand more. The lord the King's chamberlains from henceforth shall Fees of the 

have of Archbishops, Bishops, Abbota, Priors, and other ecclesiastical Ohamberlaios 

persons, of Earls and Barons holding an entire Barony, a reasonable 

fine when they shall have done homage or fealty for their 

Baronies ; and if they hold by a part of a Barony, that they take 

a reasonable fine according to the portion to them belonging. 

But other Abbots, Priors, and persons religious and secular, 

who hold not by a Barony, or part of a Barony, shall not be 

distrained to make fine, as it is said of those who hold by a 

Barony,' or part of a Barony, but the chamberlain shall be content 

with the upper garment, or with the price of the garment, which is 

said more in favour of religious than of secular persons ; for it is more 

fitting that religious men should make fine for their upper garment, 

than put it ofif. 

XLIII. Be it prohibited from henceforth to hospitallers and tern- -^to Iceepers 
^ * ^ of privileges, 

plazs, that hereafter they bring any man in plea before the keepers of 

their privileges for any matter, the cognisance whereof belongs to the 
King's court ; which if they shall do, first having restored damages 
to the party injured, they shall be heavily punished toward the lord 
the King. The lord the King also prohibits the keepers of the said 
privileges from henceforth granting citations at the instance of 
hospitallers, templars, or other persons privileged, until it be expressed 
on what matter the citation ought to be made ; and if such 
keepers see that a citation is required upon any matter, the cogni- 
sance whereof belongs to the King's court, such keepers shall neither 
make nor acknowledge the citation. And if the keepers shall have 


noc citiicom facinnt ncc ooffnoficant. Et si aliP fe^int 
c6»erlla^ore8 respondeant parti lese de daropnis <^ nichilomin' 
versus drim Regem grauiP punianf. Et q hui^modi 
priuilegiati impefnt ConReruator^ subpriores Precentores 
Sacnstas viros Religiosos qd nichil habent vnde lesis ant 
dno Regi satisfacere possunt qui audaciores sunt ad ledend 
dignitatem dni Regis q^* eof supiores quib; p eoj^ tempalia 
pena potest infiigi. Caueant deoePo ^lati hui^modi 
obedienciaric^ ne permittant obedienciarios suos lunnfie Hibi 
iurisdinc^m in ^iudiciu dni Reg % corone sue. Quod si 
fe^int, p fco ipoj^ respondeant supiores ac si de pprio fco 
suo conuicti essent. 
DeCustodibus T>e Custodib3 hostio]^ in ItiAib3 <« virgam portantib3 coram 
hoBtiorum Justic de Banoo, ordinatum est qd de qualibet aasisa « 
coram iurata quam custodiut capiant quatuor denar tantu. De 

Cyrograffis nichil. D. hiis qui recupant deniandas suas p defalta 
reddicom rel alio modo p iudiciu sine assisa 9f- Jur ; De hiis 
qui recedunt sine die per defaltara petentis vel querentis 
nichil capiant. Et si quis recupauit demanda vers^ plures 
p vnu bre * p recognicbm assie vel Jurate de quatuor denar 
tantu sit contentus. Et similiP si plures in vno bri nominati 
p recognicbm assie vel Jurate de quatuor denar tm sint 
contenti. De hiis qui faciut homagiii in Banco de supiori 
panno sint contenti. De magnis sussis attinctis Juratis « duello 
pcusHO duodeci denar tantu recipiant. De hiis qui vocati sunt 
coram Justic ad sequend vel defendend placitu sufi nichil dent 
p egressu vel ingru. Ad placita Corone de qualibj duodena 
duodecim denar tantu capiant'. De quolibet prisonc delicto 
quatuor deri tantu capiant'. De quolibet cui^ pax pclamata 
f&it duodecim denar tantu oapia'. D. inuentorib3 vicinia « 
aliis attachiatis villatis quatuor hominib3 « ^podto deoennariis 
nichil capiat'. De Cyrog*phariis * Cyrog»pho faciendo statutu 
est qd de quatuor solid sint contenti. De Cticis scribentib3 
breuia originalia « Judicialia statutQ est qd p bri de denar 
sint contenti Et iniugit dns Rex omib3 % singolis Justiciar 
suis in fide % sacro quib3 ei tenent' qd si hui^nodi ministri 
cont* ^dcm statutu in aliquo vefiint « querimonia ad eos 


done otherwise, the keepers shall answer to the party injured for damagw, 
and nevertheless shall be heavily puni8he<l as regards the King. And foras- 
much as such privileged persons depute keepers, sub-priors, chantors, 
sacristans, who are men of religion, having nothing wherewith to 
satisfy the parties injured, or the lord the King, who are more bold to 
offend the lord the King*8 dignity than their superiors, to whom punish- 
ment may be assigned by their temporalities ; let the prelates of such 
ol)edientiaries henceforth beware, that they do not sufifer their 
obedientiaries to assume to themselves any jurisdiction in prejudice of the 
lord the King and his crown ; and if they shall so do, their superiors shall 
answer for their deed, as if they were convicted upon their own act. 

XLI V. Concerning door keepers in the circuits, and those bearing the of door 
verge before the justices of the Bench ; it is ordained, that of everv eef^^?befora 
assise and jury that they keep, they take 4d. only, and for the chirographs ^^^ Justices, 
nothing. Of those who recover their demands by default, reddition, or 
otherwise by judgment without assise and jury ; of those who go without 
a day by default of the demandant or plaintiff, they take nothing. 
And if any recover his demand against several by one writ, and by re- 
cognition of assise or jury, they be content with 4d, only. And likewise if 
many named in one writ recover by recognition of assise or jury, they 
be content with 4d. Of those who do homage in the Bench, they be content 
with the upper garment. Of great assises, attaints, juries, and the 
duel waged, they take I2d. only. Of those who are called before justices, 
to sue or to defend their plea, they take nothing for coming in 
or going forth. At the pleas of the crown, for every jury, 12^. only be 
taken. Of every prisoner delivered, 4d, only be taken. Of every one 
whose peace shall be proclaimed, I2d, only be taken. Of finders, of the 
neighbouring and other vilLs attached, of the four men and the 
provost, of the tythingmen, nothing be taken. Of chirographers, for Chirographen. 
making a chirograph, it is ordained, that they be content with 4s. Of 
clerks writing writs original and judicial, it is ordained, that they be con- Olerlu writing 
tent with Id. for a writ. And the lord the King charges aU and singular o''»«*°»l ^''^^» 
his justices, on the fealty and oath whereby they are bound to him, that 
if such officers shall ofifend in any thing against this statute, and com- 
plaint shall come to them, they inflict on them reasonable punishment : 



De reoordis 
et inrotulatis 
in Canoett 
vel coram 

De vastls 

pueffint penam eis infligaut ronabilem ; et si iterum deliquerint 
maiore penam eis infligant qua castigari fiito debeant. Et si 
f'cio deliquerint, « sup hoc conuicti ffiint si sint ministri do 
feodo amittant feodu suu si alii sint, aniittant Cur Regis nee 
redeant sn ipTus Regis speciali |Jcepto aut gracia. 

Qvia de hiis que recordata sunt coram Cancellai^ dni Regis 
« eius Justic qui recordu habent % in rotulis eo]^ irrotulata nd 
debet fieii pcessus plaoiti p sumonicones attach essoii visus Pre 
« alias solempnitates Cur sicut fi cdsueuit de oont^stibj % 
c6uencbib3 fcis extra Cur, obluand est decefo qd ea que 
inueniut^ irrotulata coram hiis qui recordu habent vel in finib3 
contenta sine sit contractus sine conuencones sine obligacones 
sine seruicia aut c5suetudines recognita sine alia quecuc^ 
irrotulata quib3 Cur dni Reg sine iuris « consuetud[inis] 
offensa auctoritate ^stare potest taleai decePo habent vigore 
qd n6 sit necesse inposteru de hiis plaoitare, set cu ve%t 
coquerens ad Cur dni Reg si recens sit cognitio vel finis vidett 
infra annu in bri leuatus statim tieat bre de execucone illius 
recognicois fee. Et si forte a maiori tempore t'^iisacto fca 
fuerit ilia recognicio vel finis leuat^ ^cipiat' vie qd scire faciat 
parti de qua sit querimonia qd sit ad ftum diem ostens si quid 
sciat di£e quare hui^modi irrotulata vel in fine contenta 
execucom hre nO debeant. Et si ad die nd vefiit vt forte 
veflit % nichil sciat diSe quare execucio fieri no debeat, ^cipiat' 
vie qd rem irrotul&tam vel in fine contenta exequi faciat. 
Eodem modo mandet' ordinario in suo casu obluato nichilomin' 
qd sup'^dcm est de medio qui p recogniebm aut Judidu 
obligatus est ad acquietand. 

Cvm in statute edito afkl fiton conoessam fuerit qd dm 
vasto)^ bo5ico)^ % pasturs^ appruiare se possint de vastis Boscis 
« pasturis illis nd obstante contMiccbe tenendu suoj^ dumodo 
tenentes ipi tierent sufficiente pastura ad ten suu % llBo igressu 
% egressu ad eandem et p eo qd nulla fiebat mencio inP vidnQ 
« vicinum multi dni vasto]^ bosco]^ % pastura^ hucu8<^ impediti 
extiterunt p contMiccom vicinc^ sufficiente pastura llnoium. 
Etq forinseci tenentes no habent maius ins cOmunicandi in 
vasto aut pastura alicui^ dni q^^ pprii tenentes ipius dni, statutu 
est decet?o qd statutu a[)ud Mertoii puisu inter dnm « tc^netes 


and if they offend a second time, they inflict on them greater punishment, Punishment of 
by which they may be duly corrected : and if they shall offend a third 
time, and be thereupon convicted, if they be officers of fee, they lose their 
fee ; if they be others, that they be dismissed the King's court, and that 
they return not without the special precept or grace of the King himself. 

ZLV. Inasmuch as of such things as are recorded before the Chan- Of reoords and 
oellor of the lord the King and his Justices who have record, and are ohancory or 
inrolled in their rolls, process of plea ought not to be made by summons, J^tj^^® 
attachment, essoin, view of land, and other solemnities of the court, as 
has been used to be done of contracts and covenants made outside court ; 
from henceforth it is to be observed, that those things which are found 
inroUed before those who have record, or contained in fines, whether they 
be contracts, covenants, obligations, or services or customs acknow- 
ledged, or other things whatsoever inrolled, wherein the lord the King's 
court, without offence of law and custom, may exercise authority, from 
henceforth shall have such force that hereafter it may not be necessary 
to plead concerning them ; but when the plaintiff shall have come to the 
lord the King's court, if the recognition or fine be recent, that is to say, 
levied in writ within the year, that he forthwith have a writ of 
execution of that recognition made. And if the recognition 
shall have been made, or the fine levied at a time further back. Scire facias 
the sheriff shall be commanded that he cause the party of whom 
complaint is made, to know that he be [before the justices] at 
a certain day, to show if he have anything to say why such 
matters inrolled or contained in the fine ought not to have execution. 
And if he shall not come at the day, or perchance come, and can assign Bxeoution by- 
no reason why execution ought not to be had, the sheriff shall be com ^ ° ° "* 
manded to cause the thing inrolled or contained in the fine to be 
executed. In like manner, that the Ordinary be commanded in his case, or Ordinary, 
observing nevertheless what is before said of a mesne, who by recognition 
or judgment is bound to acquit. 

XL VI. Whereas, in a statute published at Merton, it was granted that Of approval of 
lords of wastes, woods, and pastures, may approve the said wastes, ^ 
woods, and pastures, notwithstanding the objection of their tenants, 
provided that the tenants themselves have sufficient pasture to their 
tenements, with free ingress and egress to the same : and forasmuch as 
no mention was made between neighbour and neighbour, many lords of 
wastes, woods, and pastures, have been hindered heretofore by the 
objection of neighbours having sufficient pasture : and because foreign 
tenants have no more right to common in the waste or pasture of 
any lord than the lord's own tenants ; it is ordained, that the statute 
of Merton, provide between tlje lord and his tenants, from henceforth 


locu heat decePo inf dnos vasto^ bosco]^ % pastura^ t vicinos 
ita qd dni hui'modi vasto^ bosco]^ aut pasturaji salua sufficienti 
pastura hominib^ suis ^ viciuis appropriate se pofisint de 
residue. Et hoc obSuef^ de hiis qui clamant pastura tanq^* 
ptinente ad ten suu. Set si quis clamat coiuuna p speciale 
feofifamentu vel conoessione ad ^um nuSu afiioj^ vel alio 
luodo c^* de iure comuni here deberet cu conuencio legi 
deroget heat suu recupare quale here debet p forma 
cocessionis sibi fee ; occasione molendini venticii Bercar 
vaccar augmentacois Our necessar aut curtilagii decePo 
no grauef^ quis p ass"'m noue disse de comuna pasture. 
Et cu contingat aliqii qd aliquis ius habens appruiare 
se fossatum aut sepem leua&it « aliqui noctanP vel alio 
tali tempore qd nO credant fcm eo^ sciri fossatum aut 
sei)em pstraSint, nee sciri poPit p veredcm assTe aut Jurate 
qui fossatu aut sepe pstHierunt nee velint hoTes de villatis 
vicinis indictare de hui'modi fco culpabiles ; dist^ngantf^ ppinque 
viliate. circuadiacentes leuare fossatu aut sepe ad custum 
ppriu « dampna reslit&e. Et cum aliquis ius no habens 
coicandi vsurpet comuna tepe quo heredes extiPint infra 
etate vel vxor sub po testate vir<^ existenciu vel pastura sit 
in manu tenenciu in dotem p legem Angt alias ad Pminum 
vite vel anno]^ vel p feodw talliatu ; et pastura ilia diu vsi 
ffiint mtti sunt in oppinione qd hui'modi pasture debent 
dici ptinere ad liberu ten * qd hi'modi possessori compePe 
debet actio p bre noue dissTe si ab hui^modi [tastura deforciet' 
set decePo tenend est qd hntes hui^modi ingressum a temjiore 
quo currit bre mortiu antecessor si antea comuna no 
habuerunt, no heant i-ecupai'e p bre noue dissie si fuerint 
Deaquia' Prouisuui est eciam qd aque de Humbre Vse Trente Doon 

defenao.**^ Ay re Derwente WJierf Tyd Yore swale Tese * omes alie 
aque in quib3 salmones capiunt^ in regno ponant^ in defense 
quo ad salmones capiend a die Nat beate Marie vsc^ ad 
diem sci Martini* Et simitr qd salmunculi no capiantur 
nee dest^ant^ p i*etia nee p aliqua ingenia ad stagna 
molendinoj^ a medio April vsq^ ad Natiuitate sci Johis Bapt 
«t in partib3 vbi hui^niodi riparie ffiint asaignent' coseioiatores 

XIII. EDWARD 1. 175 

hold place between lords of wastes, woods, and pastures, and their Lordi may 
neighbours ; so that the lords of such woods, wastes, or pastures, saving j^qj^ amiDRt 
sufficient pasture to their men and neighbours, may be able to make Siuwrie^avine 
approvement of the residue. And that this be observed of those who thorn suffloien 
claim pasture as appurtenant to their tenements. But if any one claim 
common by special feoffment or grant for a certain number of beasts, or 
in any other way than he ought to have of common right, since covenant 
abrogates the law, that he have such recovery as he ought to have 
had by form of the grant made to him. By reason of a windmill, sheep- 
cote, dairy, enlarging of a court necessary, or curtilage, no man from 
henceforth shall be injured by assise of novel disseisin for common of 

pasture. And where sometimes it happens, that one havine risht to Destruct'on of 

o c » dyke or 

approve, raises a dyke or hedge, and some, either by night, or at any other hedpo made 

time, when they suppose their deed would not be known, shall have over- ^ "* ^^^ 

thrown the dyke or hedge, and it cannot be known by verdict of assise or 

jury, who overthrew th6 dyke or hedge, and men of the neighbouring 

▼ills will not indict those guilty of such deed, that the neighbour- Neighbour. n:^ 

ing vills be distrained to make up the dyke or hedge at their own cost, ^g^orablo. 

and to yield damages. And where one, having no right of common. Usurpation 

usurps common during the time that heirs shall have been under age, or during UuT 

a woman under the power of husbands, or whilst the pasture is in the ©b***® ot 

hand of tenants in dower, by the law of England, or otherwise for term tenanto. 

of life or years, or in fee-tail, and have used the pasture for a long time, 

many are of opinion, that such pastures ought to be said to belong to 

the freehold, and that such possessor ought to have action by a writ of 

novel disseisin, if he be deforced from such pasture ; but from henceforth 

it is to be held that they having such entry from the time in which 

a writ of martd^ ancestor runs, if they had no common before, have no 

recovery by a writ of novd disseisin, if they be deforced. 

XLVII. It is provided, that the waters of the Humber, Ouae, Trent, Of watere put 
Don, Aire, Derwent, Wharfe, Nid, Yore, Swale, Tees, and aU other *° **®^®°°<^- . 
waters wherein salmon are taken within the kingdom, be put in defence 
as to taking salmon from the day of the nativity of St. Mary to St 
Martin's day ; and that likewise young salmon be not taken or destroyed 
by nets, or other engines at millpooLs, from the middle of April up to the 
nativity of St. John the Baptist. And in places where there are such 
rivers, there be assigned conservatqrs under this statute, who being sworn» 
may oftentimes see and inquire as to offenders. And for the first tres- 
pass, that they be punished by burning of their nets and engines. And 


istius statuti qui ad hoc iurati sepius videant * iaquirant 
de t*n8gressorib5 et in prima t*nsgressione puniant' p coni- 
bustione retiu * ingeniojL. Et si iPato deliqrit puniant' p 
p^sonam vni^ q*rterii anni. Et si iPato deliqiierint puniant^ 
p prisona vni' anni. Et sic multiplicata t^nsgressione crescat 
pene inflictio. 
De visu terre. De visu terre ordinatum eat « statutum qd decoPo no 
conoedat^ visus nisi in casii qii visus est necessarius sicuti 
si aliquis amiltat ten p defaltam % ille qui aiuisit suscitet 
bre fibd pebend idem ten « in casu quando quis p aliqua 
dilatoria cassat bre post visum t^rre sicut p n6 tennram 
vel male noiando villam vel hui^modi si suscitet aliud bre 
in hoc casu * supiori decePo n5 conoedat' visus dum<> visu 
habuit in pH)rib3 breuib5. In bi"ib3 de dote cu petit' dos de 
ten qd vir vxoris alienauit tenenti aut eius antecessori cu 
ignorare n6 debeat tones quale ten vir vxoris alienauit sibi 
vel antecessori suo lieet vir n5 obiit seisitus nichilominus 
tamen tenenti decePo no erit visus concedendus. In breui 
eciam de Ingressu Cassato p hoc qd petens mi>le noiauit 
ingrum si petens suscitet aliud bf^e de alio ingressu si tenons 
in priori breui habuit visum, in scdo nd habebit. In omib3 
ecia breuib3 p que ten potent' racione dimissionis qua (jetens 
vel eius antecessor fecit tenenti « no antecessori sicuti qd ei 
dimisit du fuit infra etate no coi)os mentis in prisona % 
consimilib3 n5 iaceat decePo visas, set si dimissio fca fuit 
antecessori iaceat visus sicut prius. 

Omnia ^dca statuta incipiant conseruari ad festum sci 
Michis px ventui' ita qd occasione aliqu(^ delicto^ cont* 
aliquod ^dcb)|L statute^ cit^ j^dcm festu ppet'^toji pena 
delinquentib3 de quib3 niencio fit in statutis no infiigaf, sup 
vero statutis in defectu legis % ad remedia editis ne diucius 
querentes cu ad Cur vefiit recedant de remedio despati, l^eant 
breuia sua in suo casu puisa, set no placitetur vsq^ post predcm 
festum sci Michist 


if they offend again, that they be punished by imprisonment for a 
quarter of a year. And if they ofifend again, that they be punished 
by imprisonment for a year ; and as the trespass increases, let the 
infliction of the penalty increase. 

XLVin. As to view of land, it is ordained and provided, that from Of view of 
henceforth view be not granted but in case when view is neces- 
sary ; as if one lose a tenement by default, and he who lost move a 
writ to demand the same tenement; and in case when any one 
by an exception dilatory abates a writ after the view of the land, as 
by non-tenure, or misnaming of the vill, or such like, if he move 
another writ, in this case, and in the case before-mentioned, from hence- 
forth view be not granted, provided he had view in the farmer writs. In 
writs of dower, where the dower is demanded of tenement that the husband 
of a wife aliened to the tenant or his ancestor, where the tenant ought 
not to be ignorant what tenement the husband of the ¥rife aliened to him 
or his ancestor, though the husband died not seised, nevertheless from 
henceforth view shall not be granted to the tenant. In a writ of entry 
also, which is abated because the demandant misnamed the entry, if 
the demandant move another writ of entry, if the tenant had view 
in the former writ, he shall not have it in the second. In all writs also 
by which tenements are demanded by reason of a demise made by the 
demant^ant, or his ancestor, to the tenant, and not to the ancestor, 
as that which he demised to him, while he was under age, not of sound 
mind, in prison, and such like, that view do not lie henceforth ; but if 
the demise were made to the ancestor, that view lie as heretofore. 

[XLIX. The Chancellor, Treasurer, Justice, or any of the King's Purchasing 
Council, a clerk of the Chancery, of the Exchequer, of a Justice or other jq g^^ ^^ ' 
officer, or any of the King's house, clerk or lay, shall not receive any 
church, or advowson of a church, land, or tenement in fee, by gift, or by 
purchase, or to farm, or by champerty, or otherwise, so long as the thing 
is in plea before us, or before any of our officers ; nor shall they take 
any reward thereof. And he who does any such thing, either by himself, 
or by another, or commits any fraud therein shall be punished at the 
King's pleasure, as well he who shall purchase, as he who shall do it.]^ 

L. All the said statutes shall begin to be observed at the feast of St. Gommenoe- 
Michael next ensuing, so that by occasion of any offences committed be- Sregoing * 
fore the said feast, contrary to any of the said statutes, no punishment statutes, 
(mention whereof is made in these statutes) shall be inflicted upon the 
offenders. Moreover, concerning statutes provided for cases where the 
law fails, and for remedies, lest any longer suitors, when they shall 
have come to court should depart from thence hopeless of remedy, 
shall have vmts provided in their cases, but they shall not be 
pleaded until after the feast of St Michael aforesaid. 

1 This clause, which is in Freooh, is not in the Statute Boll or In the Bed Book 
(Dublin). It is printed in Statufes of the Realm from another MS. See note 
1^.96 ot Statutes of the Bealm, 

- N 



19 EDWARD I. A.D. 1291. 

[Red Book of the Exchequer in Ireland, fol. 74-75.] 

[Articuli Cleri] 

* Justic Hybn a die Pasche in tres sepiimAn 

Anno 1^ 9: Edwardi decimo [nono].' 
i. Aiticalus. C. Si fur at lat^ ut aliq^s feloniam cdroittens t*^nsitum feccrit 

p loca ubi aliquis flatus vt clericus infra sac^s constitute 
existat, qui damorem si non fecerit p quern clamorem fur 
lit latro feloniamve comittens capi possit, flatus ut clericus 
predSus attachiat' p minist*^s seculares « carceri maucipabit' 
sicut patet de quodam plcio de Esmayn^ incarSito apd Roscre 
p minist^s dni regis. 

Retpons. Si simpliciP ex causa tali responded ^d non est Lucarcer- 

andus, set si subfuerit legitia potest Sciat' ergo ra5o capcois, 

et fiet iusticia. 

Sequif responco p Regem. 

Rex. Rex vult qd nuUus clericus ut ^mittit' arestet' in tali casu 
ut clamor huiusmodi leuet' p eum aut ea de causa in aliquo 
^ seu licet clamorem non leuauerit occonetur. 

ii. articulus. C. Item si quis ad eccam p quoc^ delicto confu^t non 
pmittif p minist^s laicales qd neccia % victualia p quemcuq^ 
. . . .^ qfiigienti ministrenf sub pcna certa 6rmiF iniu- 
gen da. Set in ipa ecca compedib5 confugientem detineri 
fafint * apd Locbrecti Clonfert dioc. 

Reap. Multa p inmunitate eclie Reg % Regni tempo % loco 

guerrinis pmittenda sunt que alias pmitti non debent. In- 
quirat' . . .^ de facto « tiet inde iusticia. 

Sequitur alias responsio p Regem. 

Rex vult qd hi fugitiuns ad eccam bene custodiaf eo m^ 
quo inf ssus fuerit usq^ ad terminu debitum « h&beat victualia. 

^ Top of folio cut awa^' here. 

' The word wmo is very indistiDct, but has been adopted here, as in the 
Reports of the Record Ck>mnii88ioners (1810-1816), plate viii., is foand a fao- 
simile of portion of this folio (74) of the Red Rook, which reads hmo. 
* Asmain — Asmayn, an obsolete parish in the Deanerv of CasheU 

i ObliUrated. 


19 EDWARD L A.D. 1291. 
Articles of the Clbbqy. 

the Justiciar of Ireland in three weeks from 

the day of Easter in the 19th year of the reign of King 

If a thief or robber, or any one committing a felony, lat Articlei 
make his way through places where any prelate or clerk AtUchmwit 
in Holy Orders is established, if he shall not have made cry, not makiug 
by which cry the thief or robber or person committing the ^"* •"^ ^>' 
felony might be captured, the prelate or clerk aforesaid is 
attached by the secular officers and will be committed to 
prison, as appears in the case of a certain prelate of 
Esmayn imprisoned at Roscrea by the officers of the lord 
the King. 

If simply fr(»n such cause, the answer is, that he should Reply, 
not be imprisoned ; but if he should have assisted the thief, 
[the imprisonment] may be lawful. Therefore, let the 
reason of the imprisonment be known and justice shall be 

A reply by the King follows. 

The King wills that no clerk, as aforesaid, should be The King 
arrested in such case, or cry of such kind raised by him, 
or that [he be troubled] on that account in any . . . even 
though he may not have raised cry. 

Item, if any one fly for refuge to a church for any crime, 2ml Article. 

it is not permitted by the lay officers that neceesariee and J^®*'?^!®* 
* ''J for fugitives 

victuals should be ministered by anyone ... to the fugi- to churches. 

tive, under a fixed penalty, firmly to be enjoined ; but they 

cause the fugitive to be detained in fetters in the church 

itself, [as lately] at Loughrea in the diocese of Clonfert. 

Many things have to be permitted for the immunity of Reply, 
the Church, the King and the Kingdom, at a time and at 
the seat of war, which at another time ought not to be 
permitted ; let enquiry be made about the fact and justice 
therein done. 

Another reply by the King follows. 

The King wills that a fugitive of this kind should be The King, 
well guarded at th^ church, in suqh ^ way tha( there should 

N 2 



Efc si eccani post lapsum termini scdm legem euacuare re- 
cusauerit, victualia fiiibt^hant*" eidem. 

iii. articttlns. C. Item cJerici ad querelam alii^iio]^ p ^dcos minist^s incar 

cerati ita g*uiP « vili carcere tenent' qd ubi legitie de ermine 
sibi inposito coram suis prelatis se purgare possent non 
audiunf^ 83 metu pena]^ « coipu suoj^ cruciatuu fine ut re- 
dempcionem in contemptii clauu ecctie % ordis clericalis non 
modicu preiudiciu facere compel lunt'. Et si prelati debitum 
suam officio excercuerint attachianf % amerciant'^ sicut nup 
accidit in dioc ffernens "^ Darens. 

ffernens % Darens sunt loca Ubertatuu de quib3 dns Rex 
resp. iusticia faciet coq*'rentib3 scdm iura. 

Seq'' alia i-esp p Rege. 

Rex. Rex vult qd in casu ubi non iaoet vite \iel membro]^ amissio 

fiat finis p t^sgressionib3 suis. Et e conuerso liberent' 
prelatis tales quales inueniuntur. 

inj. urticulus. C. Item ^lati * alii clerici minores * religiosi ad diffa- 
macoem seu indictacoem laicoj^ capiunt^ indistincte % carceri 
niancipanf n° ad nionicoem j^lato]^ sic deberent liberant' S3 
vilius ppP hoc in carcere detinent'. Hoc coiP accidit T plurib3 
p*soni8.^ PrePea hodie nitunt' judices seculares « max® 
minist* dni Reg qd clerici licet laicu feodum non habeant de 
oib3 accoib3 psonalib3 % t^sg^ssionib3 seu delictis res- 
l)ondere debeant coram eis omisso suo Epo cont* omia iura cu 
actor forum rei sequi debeat 

reap, fcm p 

Iniui*iam passi coq^rant' de fco ^ cora Justic 9s fiet eis 
TkP MS. here is much worn : the word might be read ptonis. 


be accees up to tke due terni, and that h^ »hould have 
victuals; and if he refuse to leave the church after ttio 
lapaa of the term according to law, tlie victuals should be 
withdrawn from him. 

Item, clerks imprisoned at the complaint of any, are 3rd Article 
detained by the said officeirs so grievously and in so vile a ^^^^^°^^* 
prison, that in cases where they might be able to purge arreet^^d. 
themselves legally of the crime imputed to them before 
their prelates, they are not heard, but through fear of 
puniflhmente and of their bodies being tortured, they are 
forced to pay a fine or ransom, in contempt of the keys 
of the Church, and to the very great prejudice of the 
clerical order. And if the prelates exercise their due office, 
they are attached and fined, as lately happened in the 
dioceses of Ferns and Kildare. 

Ferns and Kildare are places of Liberties, of which the Replj. 
lord the King will do justice to complainants, according 
to right. 

Another reply by the King follows. 

The King wills that in case where loss of life or limbs The King, 
lies not, a fine for thedr offfences be made ; and on the other 
hand, that such as are found so be delivered to the pre- 

Item, the prelates and other the minor clergy and the 4th Article, 
religious, are taken at the accusation or indictment of compelled to 
laymen, without distinction, and committed to prison ; nor, answer before 
at the warning of the prelates are they liberated, as they 
ought, but the more vilely on this account are they detained 
in prison. This commonly happens in many prisons. 
Moreover, the secular judges, and specially the officers of 
the lord the King, now contend that clerks, although they 
have not a lay fee, should answer before them as to all 
personal actions and trespasses or faults, ignoring their 
Bishop, contrary to all right, since the complainant ought 
to follow the tribunal of the accused. 

Let those who have sufiPered injury ihake complaint as Heplj made 
to the certain fact before the Justiciar, and justice shall be ^^ **** '^'"^ 



iusticia. Et si instia in iure sibi defaerit ORtendat sua 
g^uamina Regi % consilio suo "f^ vocato Justiciario fiet iustia. 

▼. articulus. C. Item si prelati qui curam habent aiiiira^ precipue maloji 

xpiano]^ vid3 utlagatoj^ * pacis pturbato]^ p qnib5 vcicandis 
Jefius xps de celis descendit qui in Ewnglio ait non veni 
vocaro justos 83 peccatores ad eosdm monend corigend % ad 
pacein inducend acoesserint ne 8ang*s eof a manib5 suis 
req^ranf % sic cum eisdm spualit^ ad corectiom ec^dm % ad 
satm aSsf sutCf aliquo m^ comunicauerint statim attachiant^ ac 
si maliciis eo^ essent consencientes n^ auctores % fautores 
ec^dm 1^ receptatores ^ freqnenP accidit in omib3 marchiis. 

Rspoiis. Ad immunitatem tam ecce q^ Regis % Eegni qm sejie 

uocaii « eciani ad requisicoem prelate^ concedi consueuit 
brachiu seclai^ £t si qui passi sunt iniuriam conq^ranf de 
fco ^ « fiet eis iusticia. Sequit^ it 

Rex. Quia quidam prelati Hjbemici freq^P hui^modi fadut p 

velamina {xxdus p malo q*in p bono Rex vult qd nullus huius- 
modi Imonem facia t absq^ presentacoem % consilio Justic. 

V j. articultts. C. Item cum dns Rex ofns croceas tam in libertatib3 q*in 
ext*^ sibi specialiP retinuerit videt' prelatis qd laici tenetes de 
CKicea % eciam clerici coram sen libertatum I'espondere non 
debent licet multociens dci sen ipos in exigend .... 
« n* veffint ifk)s fa^t utlagari, % sic nitunt^ auferre dno 
Regi fines « redempcoes % catalla alia que sibi possent 
aecedere ut in diosesi ffemens. 

reap. Dns Rex de g*uaminib3 s* fact fac accoem « oePi se 

sencientes g^uati qq^ri )K)Put "r fiet eis iustic. Sufficit ista resfS. 

tlX. EDWARD Ir l83 

done them ; and if justice be lacking to them in law, let 

them present their grievancee to the King and his Council, 

and the Justiciar being summoned, justice shall be done. 

Item, if the prelates who have cure of souls, (eepecially 5th Article. 

of bad Christians, namely, of outlaws and disturbers of the Attachmeot 

' -^' of clerks whan 

peacei, for the calling of whom Jesus Christ descended from spiritually 

heaven, who says in the Gospel, " I came not to call the JJ{^*^^**^ 
righteous, but sinners,") go to them to warn, correct and 
lead them to peace, lest the blood of these be required at 
their hands; and so when for their correction and the 
saJvotion of thedr souls they have spiritually communi- 
cated with them in any way, they ore attached forthwith, 
as if they were consenting parties to their evil deeds, 
though neather advisera, favorers nor harbourers of them ; 
and it frequently happens in all the nuirches. 

For the immunity as well of the Church aa of the King Replj. 
and Kingdom, the secular arm is frequently wont to be in- 
voked, and also to be granted, at the request ol the pre- 
lates. If those who have suffered injury complain about a 
certain fact, justice shall be done them. There follows 

Because certain Irish prelates frequently make this The King 
a pretence, rather for an evil than ai good purpose, the 
King wills that no one hold such communicatiooij without 
presentation, and by the advice of the Justiciar. 

Item, whereas the lord the King has specially retained to 6th Article. 

himself all Crosses, as well in liberties as without them. Lay tonanU 

of a Gross 
it seems to the prelates that lay tenants of a Cross, and also and the clergy 

the clergy, ought not to answer before the seneschals of the ^^^ ^hJ^ 

liberties, although frequently the said seneschals [put] seneechala of 

them in exigent, and unless they come, cause them to be '^ 

outlawed, and so they strive to talce away from the lord 

the King, fines and ransoms and other chattels, which 

might come to him, as in the diocese of Ferns. 

The lord the King will take action as to injuries done to Replj. . 
himself; and others, feeling themselves aggrieved, may 
complain, and justice shall be done them. 

Hiis reply is sufficaent. 



vij. urUcului c. Kin cu- Vire phibicois ad coi-onam dni Reg dicaf ptifie 
dci Ren « minist libertatu Lagen ^ alia^ li)>ertatu dnis 8uis 
dom bre phibicois usurpare * app^are . . . .^ erenf t sub- 
ditis snis in foro eccastioo cam lic3 spualcm pseq®ntib5 bre de 
phibicoe de g*uauiinib3 scdm form qua dns Rex sc'bit, Et si 
cont* dcm phibicom causam suam ampli^ pseq^nt^ g*uiP . . . 

^ libertatis « regie dignitatis 

^iudiciu non modicO % g^uamen. 

. . . . conquerant g^uati « fiet eis iiisticia. Sufficet ista 


viij.ariiculua C. Ciim ome HacHegiu sit c^inen eccasticu % inie& manus 
violentas in clericu religiosu vt confisum sit sacUegiu p oon- 
seq^ns deliet ptinere ad judicem eccasticu. Et tn phibetur 
)iiis dieb3 Judici eccastico ne de tali crimine cognoscat 
^ si tales sac^legi remanent in excoicacoe % in fideliu 
coinunione « q^ sut p dl sentenciam sepati sicut pat3 in 
Priore de Instyok « dno Epo fernesi cuius lis pendet. Idem 
dicut ^lati de omi crimine eccastico utpote incestu adulPio 
fornicacoe nsura heresi symonia sortilegio qd est cout^ fide 
catholicam directe piurio fidei lesione « aliis niultis de quib3 
ecca cognoscere consueuit ad correccione « sal u tern aiarum 
a tenipe a quo non cxtat memoria. 

reif. Dns Rex no intedit jilatis ecce sue fjiudicari S3 qq*'i-etilj3 i 

hiis * aliis iusticia in sua curia exhilxjre. Sequit^ alia reap p 1^. 


Ad redded « restitucoem faciend de bonis abtis ab ecca 

> Obliterated. 

XlX. EDWAftt) I. 185 

Item, whereas a writ of prohibition is declared to apper- 7th Article 
tain to the crown of the lord the King, the said sene- liberties 
schaJs and officers of the liberties of Leinster and other usurping 
liberties [are wont] to uaurp and appropriate the said prohibition, 
writ of prohibition to their lords, and [direct to] their sub- 
jects prosecuting a cause, although spiritual, in the ecclesi- 
astical court, a writ of prohibition as to their grievances, 
according to the form which the lord the King writes. And 
if, contrary to the said prohibition, they prosecute their 
cause further, they are heavily [amerced for the profit of] 
the liberty, to the no small prejudice and injury of the 
royal dignity. 

Let thoee who are aggrieved make complaint, and jua- Reply 
tice shall be dome them. 

This reply is sufficient. 

Inaamuch as all sacrilege is an ecclesriaatical crimei, and 8th Article, 
the laying violent hands on a clerk, religious person or lay crimee^o*uld 
brother, is sacrilege, consequently it ought to appertain to be in the 
an ecclesiastical judge; and, nevertheless, in these days it^^^^^cal 
is prohibited that an ecclesiastical judge take cc^isance judges, 
of such crime, and so such sacrilegious persons remain 
in excommunication and in [exclusion from] the com- 
munion ot the faithful, because they are by divine 
sentence separated, as appears in the case of the 
Prior of Inistioge, and the lord Bishop of Ferns, 
whose suit is pending. The prelates say the same of every 
ecclesiastical crime, namely, incest, adultery, fornication, 
usury, heresy, simony, soothsaying (which is direcUy con- 
trary to the Catholic faith), perjury, breach of faith, 
and many other thin^, about which the Church is wont 
to take cognisance for the correction and salvation of souls, 
from a time to which memory runneth not. 

The lord the King does not intend to prejudice the pre- IUi>lj. 
lates of his Church, but tcr those making complaint in 
these and other matters, to exhibit justice in his Court. 

Another reply by the King follows. 

As to restoring and making restitution of goods taken The King. 
from a church, and as to trespasses against the peace 



IX. articului« 



ac de t*nsgr q* pace fib Ij^ qnosSe tn de sentecia lata q^rit*^ 
Batisfacco de filato. 

0. Item cu dns Rex omes cas testamenta^ ad foru Eecas- 
ticu ptide recognoscat « ecca Hybemicana in possessione 
iurisdicoiR eaj^dm a tenipe a quo nd extat mem vid5 S^ 
creditores cui'cuq^ defucti exsecutores ipius Testatoris in foro 
eccastico conueniat « ab ipis ex8eeutorib3 conueniant' balti 
seculares indices eccasticos sup hoc inpediut % bre de 
phibicoe tarn ante latam sniam quam post eis dirigunt qui si 
cont*uenevint attachianf^ incarcerant' « amerciant' « nuc 
pendit causa in cur. 

Assignef^ causa pendes « fiet conquerenti insticia. Sequit' 
alia responsio p Begem. 

Oinia in tastamto verbata % specialiP legata ad foru 
eccasticu spectant % cePa de quib3 non fit menco sptat ad 
Rege scdm fores % leges Anglicanas. 

X. ariicului. 

C. Itm si quis ad eccam aliq*^ queqm ^sentauerit % 
prelat^ inq^s debitam ^ut moris est « cdsuetudinis appbate 
fads voluerit hoc s^ non pmittif set n^ incotineti jisentatu 
adniittat p minist^'s Regis attachiat^ ut i Ossoriensi diosesi. 


Inq*rere poPent prelati cum velint ex officio. £t si quis 
inq*r^e pliibet** ostendat bre * fiat iustic qq^'reti Suffic ista 

xi. uticnlua. C. Itm cum Judex eccasticus iudicat' est ad legem suam 
faciend coram Justic de Banco de eo qd tenuit plac in cur 
xjSianit conf^ phibicom dni ^ iusticiar c5pellunt ipos iurare 
qd nee ante phibicoem porrectam n"* post tenuit placitu aliquod 


the King has cognisance; nevertheless in case of sentence 
delivered, let satisfaction be sought from the prelate. 

Item, whereas the lord the King acknowledges that all 9th Article, 
causes of testaments appertain to the ecclesiastical court, '^^^^^^ 

and the Irish Church is in poesessioci of the jurisdiction of the eteleaias- 
the same from a time to which memory runneth not, ^ '^^ 
namely, that the creditors of anyone deceased may summon 
the executors of the said testator in an ecclesiastical court, 
and they may be summoned by the executors them- 
selves; secular sheriffs thereupon hinder the ecclesiastical 
judges, and they direct to them a writ of prohibition, as 
well before sentence passed as after ; who, if they contrsr 
vene it^ are attached, imprisoned and fined, and at present a 
cause is pending in court. 

Let the pending cause be stated, and justice shall beltoplj. 
done to the complainant. 

Another reply by the King follows. 

All things named in a testament and specially be- The King 
queathed, belong to the ecclesiastical court, and pther 
things, about which no mention is made^ belong to the 
King, according to the English courts and laws. 

Item, if anyone shall have presented someone to any loth Article, 
church, and the prelate wii^ to make due enquiry, ^^<^^' ot nnU^ for 
ing to the approved manner and custom, it is not permitted enquiring m 
him, but unless he immediately admit the person presented, tio^TT' 
he is attached by the King's officers, as in the diocese of churches. 

The prelates can make enquiry when th^ wish, by Reply. 
virtue of their office, and if anyone is prevented from enr 
quiry, let him exhibit a writ and let justice be done to the 

This reply is sufficient. 

Item, when an ecclesiastical judge is adjudged to make 11th Article, 
his law before the judges of the Bench, in that he held pleas ^>^**>*>*^<*""- 
in a court Christian contrary to the prohibition of the lord 
the King, the justices compel them to swear that neither 
before the prohibition was presented nor after, did he hold 
any plea; and this they do to the grievous injury of the 

188 Early statutes of irEland. 

% hoc faciunt in graue daropnu Oixlinario]^ '^ in pictm ali^ 
quia phibico porrecta exntendi debet ad futura no ante ad ut 
in ffemenens Dioses. 
reflpont. j^^ ^ habere debet * consueiiit quedam plac sp^'tancia 

ad coronam * |?latis s* hui'modi usurpantib3 tam de iure qm 
de cosuetudine phibere p bre qd minime fa^e oix)rteret n* in 
])relatoJ^ faiiorem verutanie conqnerant' g^uati * fiat eis 

Sequit' ah'a i'e8i)onco p Regem. 

Rex. ^^^ ^^1* 4<^ cessant indices post receptam phibicom in 

caRib3 qnib3 phibico iacet in ceteris uero non. 

zij. articalus. G. Item SI prelatus subditu suum lite ^ in casu a iure 
pmisso exconauerit * ille sic excoicatus qneremoniani minist's 
dni Regis sup hoc deposuerit prelatus sic excoicans attachiat' 
p bre qr excoicauit % psessum suu coram predcis minist^s 
exhibere conipellit' et conipellif index p bre de cancellar dcm 
excoicatu absolfie cu nullus Judex sclaria debeat cognoscere de 
sentencia excoicacois que est pena mere spualis. 

retpoDs. Ex quo dicitur qd p bre ostendaf bre y iniuriam paasi 

coq"rant' * fiet iusticia. 
Sequit' alia resp p Regem. 

Rex. Ex quo dicit' qd p bre ostendaf bre * quod oorigend f iierit 

in bri corigat'. Et qui bre lii^ ex ire p[mi]serit vitupetur et 
Bubripiaf % passis iniur fiet Justicia. 

ziij. . C. Itm si quis petat coram Judice eccastico bona sibi 

pmissa cu ux sua mat'monii causa cont^hendi porigif s^ Regia 
phibico « si cont^enerit attachiat^ % amerciabit^. Idm 
aocidit si diuoco legitime celebrate Judex qui diuorcm cele- 
brauit de rebus mobilib3 restituendis cognofe velit. 


Ordinaries, and to th© endangering of souls; because the 
prohibition when presented ought to be extended to the 
f uture, but not to the [past], aa in the diocese of Ferns. 

The lord the King ought and has been wont to have Beply. 
certain pleas appertaining to the Crown, and the right to 
prohibit by writ prelates usurping such to themselves, as 
well of right as of custom. Which (the practice complained 
of) should by no means be done unless in favour of the 
prelates ; however, let those aggrieved make complaint and 
let justice be done them. 

Another reply by the King follows. 

The King wills that the judges do not proceed after The King. 
receipt of the prohibition, in cases in which a prohibition 
lies ; but in others not. 

Item, if a predate duly, and in a case permitted by law, 12th Article. 

excommunicate hia subject^ and the one so ef&communi- ^^^^^ ^^ 

cated thereupon lay a complaint before the officers of the cation. 

lord the King, the prelate so eacoommuni eating is attached 
by writ [to answer] wherefore he excommunicated, and he 
is compelled to exhibit his process before the aforesaid 
officers; and the Judge is compelled by \ rit out of Chan- 
cery to absolve the said excommunicated person, though no 
secular judge should* have cognisance of a sentence of ex- 
oommunication, which is a purely spiritual punishment. 

On which it is answered that the writ should bo ex- Reply. 
hibited by writ, and let those who have suffered injury 
complain and justice shall be done them. 

Another reply by the King follows. 

On which it is answered that the writ should be ex- Tlie King, 
hibited by writ, and that what should be corrected in the 
writ be corrected, and. let him who permitted such a writ 
to issue be rebuked and removed, and justice shall be done 
to those who have suffered injury. 

Item, if anyone seek before an ecclesiastical judge goods 13th Article. 
promised to him with his wife, by reason of contracting ^f eccleaiM- 
matrimony, a royal prohibition is directed to him, and if l^i^al i^^g^ 
he contravene it, he is attached and fined. connected 


reepons Ostendatur casus « conquerat'' grauatus « fiat eis instic. 

Sequit' alia responsio p Regem. 

K«x- Ju8tici£u^ respondeat se p oerto intendere qd Rex totis 

temporib3 ret^actis optinuit oognoscere in tali casu i Anglia 
« HjBn p quod Ki defaoere nequit sine Bege. Unde si quis 

in hac parte g^uamina ^ ostendat Begi qui 

justiciam inde faciet c|^ instic nequit dnm suum eicere a 

21 EDWARD L A.D. 1293. 

[Red Book of the Exchequer in Ireland, fol. 77.] 

EDWARD (JS dei gra Hex Angt dns HyBn % Dux Aquil 
Thes % Baronib3 suis de sc*cio Dublin sattm. Mittimus 
voB quasdam ordinaciones presentibj inf clusas quas in Pra iira 
HyBn volum' obseruari voB mandantes qd dcas ordinaciones 
sodm sui^ tenorem in oninib3 suis articlis fieri « obseruari 
faciatis. £t hoc nuUatenus omittatis. T. me ipo apud 
Gantuaf xii. die Jut anno r ii vicesimo p^mo. 

Ces sount les Ordinaunces qe le Key ad comaunde fere e 
garder en sa tere de Irlaunde. 

Des viscountes e autre bayllyfs qe souent vnt este mys 
par le graunt sel de Englecere pur quey il vnt este meyna 
obeyssaunz al E^heker de Irlaunde e aussy de ceus qe sunt 
niys par la Justice meymes ; acorde est qe les viscuntes seyent 
mys {lar le Tresorer e les Baruns del Escheker ausy 
come en EnglePe e par eus seyent remuez e ne pas par 
autres e deuaunt eus seyent responables de quaunt qe 
apent a lur offyc«) e les bayllyfs qe respounent al 

^ Obliterated * So ia original. 


The same happena if a divorce having been lawfully pn>- with marriage 
naunced, the judge who pronounced the divorce wishes t)o •°^*^'^<'«» 
take cognisance about restaring movables. 

Let a case be shonvn and let the injured party complain Reply. 
and let justice be dome them. 

Another reply by the King follows. 

Let the Justiciar reply that he certainly means that the The King. 
King in all times past had cognisance in such case in Eng- 
land and Ireland; for which reason he cannot do away 
with such, without the King. Wherefore, if anyone in this 
behalf [suffer] grievances, let him show them to the King, 
who will therein do justice, because the Justiciar cannot 
thrust out his lord from seisin. 

21 EDWAKD I. A.D. 1293. 

EDWARD by the grace of God, king of England, lord 
of Ireland and duke of Aquitaine, to his Treasurer 
and Barons of the Exchequer of Dublin, greeting : We send 
you certain ordinances enclosed in these presents, which we 
will to be observed in our land of Ireland, commanding you 
that you cause the said ordinances to be performed and 
observed according to their tenor in all their articles ; and 
that this you in no wise neglect. Witness myself at 
Canterbury on the twelfth day of July in the twenty-first 
year of our reign. • 

These are Uie ordinances that the King has commanded 
to be performed and observed in his land of Ireland. 

I. Concerning sheriffs and other bailiffs who have Appointment 
often been appointed by the great seal of England, on J^fj^lJl®""*^ 
which acooiunt they have been less obedient to the Ex- 
chequer of Ireland, and also concerning those who are af>- 
pointed by the Justiciar himself, it is affreed that the 
sheriffs be appointed by the Treasurer and the Barons of 
the Exchequer, so as in England, and be by them removed 
and not by others, and be answerable before them for 


Escheker par lur mayn demeyne, seyeDt niys par ceiis del 
Escheker. E ceus qe sunt repiinables as viscnntes, seyent mys 
par les viscuntes. E seyt charge checun viscunte par sun ser- 
ment, qaunt il fra le serment qil mette tieus pur qs il vodra 
respoundre aussy come en EnglePre, e ne pur qaunt seS'^ent les 
viscuntes entendauns as niaundemens la Justice e qaunt qe a 
hiy apent. 

Des teres tenues en chef du Key qe sunt aloingnees 
saunz conge le Key dount ceus de Trlaunde dyunt qil pount bicn 
f ei'e e touH Jours le vnt fet ; acorde est qe taunt tast come eles 
sunt alyenez, seyent pryses en la mayn le Rev par le Eschetur 
ausy come en Engletere e issi demeorgent taunt qil eyent fet 
gi'e le Rey. E eyent la Justice le Tresorer e le Conseyl 
ioyntement poer de prendre tels manei-e de fyns. E desoremes 
ne eyt nul poer de feffer autre de tere qe est tenue en chef du 
Rey, for a tenyr du Rey en chef e ce par conge du Rey 
ou de la Justice, si il ne seyt en tere de gerre on de 
marche e la eyent bien poer les seygnurs qe tengt del Rey a 
feffer autres a tenyr de eus pur defendi*e la terre a prou de 
eus e al encres de la seygnurye le Rey e de sa pes. E qe tel 
poer eyent les seygnurs en ce dreyn cas de fere feffemenz 
taunt qe le Rey emparle autra fiez ou taunt qil le vjiyle 
repeler Issi neqedent qe les feffemens qe auerunt este fee 
auaunt ce repel estoysent, e seyent fenns e estaWes. 

Acorde est qe nul Seneschal de ffraunchyse seyt Justice 
de Eyre ne de Bank ou aylours ou fraunchises deyuent estre 

Del Quinzyme de Irlaunde seyt fet solume la fourme qil 
ount ylleqes e sicome f u fet en Engletere e les despenses des 
Taxurs e des Cuyllurs seyent en la descreciun del Tresorer e des 
Baruns del Eschekere de Irlaunde ausy come en Engletere, 


whatever appertains to their office^ and that the bailiffs 
who answer to the Exchequer by their own hand be ap- 
pointed by those of the Exchequer, and those who are 
answerable to the sheriffs be appointed by the sheriffs ; and 
that each sheriff be charged by his oath when he shall take 
the oath that he appoint such persons as he will be ansrv^er- 
able for, so as in England, and that nevertheless, the 
sheriffs be intentive to the commands of the Justiciar and 
as much as to him appertains. 

II. Concerning the lands held in chief of the King, Lands held of 
which are alieaiated without licence of the King, as to ^y^^^ .*"^ '** 
which those of Ireland say that they have full power to alienation 
do, and always have done so, it is agreed that as soon aa licence, 
they are alienated, they be taken into the hand of the 

King by the Escheator, so as in England, and so remain 

until they have made satisfaction to the King; and that 

the Justiciar, the Treasurer, and the Council jointly have 

power to take such kind of fines; and that henceforth Fooffmcnti. 

none have power to enfeoff another of land which is held in 

chief of the King, to hold of the King in chief, and 

that by leave of the King or of the Justiciar, if it be not . 

in land of war or in the marches^ and that there the lords 

that hold of the King have full power to enfeoff others to 

hold of them for the defence of the land, to their profit 

and to the increase of the lordship of the King and of his 

peace; and that the lords have such power in this last 

case to make feoffments, until the King advises at another 

time or until he wish to recall it. So nevertheless that 

the feoffments which have been made before this recall, 

shall be and are firm and established. 

III. It is agreed that no seneschal of a liberty be a Jus- ^^ aeneechal 

tice Itinerant or of the Bench, or elsewhere where fran- to be Justic* 

where fran- 
chisee ought to b^ tried. chises to be 

IV. Concerning the " Fifteenth " in Ireland, let it be Collection 

done aocordine to the form that they have there, and as of the 

was done in England, and the expenses of the Taxers and 

of the Collectors be in the discretion of the Treasurer 

and of the Barons of the Exchequer of Ireland, so as in 




E ausoy veut le Rey qe lea teres le Rey e lea Curz qe sunt 
baylles a ferme a tenyr a la volunte le Rey pur meyns qe la 
dreyte value seyent reprys en la mayn le Rey e baylles a 
certeyne gena qe res^wynent pur la verreye value ausy come le 
Tresorer verra qe meuz seyt a fere al prou le Rey. 

E ueut le Rey qe les fez des Justices e autre niynystres le 
Rey en Irlaunde les quels fez il soleynt prendre al comencement 
del terme pur le terme qe fust auenyr qe Justicea et toua les 
autres qe fe pernunt seyent paez de lur fez a la fyu de checun 
terme aussy come il est fet en Engletere. 

25 EDWARD I. A.D. 1297. 

P di^isione 
% meliori 

[The Black Book op Christ Church, Dublin, fol. 6-8.]^ 
De consilio HiBnie p magnates totius illius insula. 

JUSTICIARIUS hie de coi consilio dni Reg in hac Pra 
ad pace firmius stabiliend ordinauit ^ statuit gefiale 
pliametu hie ad hue die. Et madatu fuit Archiepis, Epis, 
Abbatib3, « P^orib3 quo^ ^sencia videt' ad hoc ee necessaria, 
n*n6 * Comitibj Baromb3 % aliis optimatib3 Pre hui^ videlic3 
unicuique eoj^ p se qd eent hie ad hue die %c. Et nictiomin' 
f^ceptu fuit vicecomitib3 Dublin, Louetfi, Kyldar, WaPflTord, 
Typerary, Cork, Lyi9yk, kerr, Connac, * Roskoman, n"no * 
Senescalt libertatu Mydye, Weyseford, katherlagti, kylkeny, % 

1 The entry in the Black Book is without date. William Lynch, in his 
Let/al IfutituUonsy &&• in Ireland^ and others, attribute this parliament to 
the 23rd year of K. Edward I., while Sir William Betham, in his Rarlg Par- 
Uanents of Ireland, adduces evidence of its having been held in 1297, in the 
25th year of that King's reign. Betham noticed that in the' record itself, 
Richvd Taf! and William de Hacche appear as Sheriffs of Dublin and Louth, 
respectively, and, on search, he found them accounting as such in the Great 
Roll of the Pipe for that year. 

The statute enacts that the Liberty of Kildare shall be a county in 
itself, with sheriff, &c. ; and a Justiciary Koll, 2^5 Edward J., confirms 
Bethaut*s dating of the enactment. B'rom an entry at m. 19 of this Boll, 
wherein are recorded Common Pleas held before John Wogan, Chief Justiciar, 
PD 5th May, 1297, it appears that in a certain case the seneschal of the 


V. Aud also the King wills that the lands of the King Resumption, 
and the courts, which are let to farm, to hold at the will of f n<*/«letting 
the King, for lees than the right value, be resumed into the 

hand of the King, and let to certain persons who shall 
answer for the true value, so aa the Treaaurer shall see 
what is beet to be done for the profit of the King. 

VI. And the King wills that the fees of the Justices and Fees of 
other ministers of the King in Ireland, which fees they are ijj^j^'i^t*' * 
aQCustomed to take at the beginning of the term for the end of each 
term to come — that Justices and all the others who take 

fees be paid their fees at the end of each term, so as it is 
done in England. 

25 EDWARD I. A.D. 1297 

F the Council of Ireland by the magnates of all that 

The Justiciar here, with the common council of the lord For division 
the King in this land, in order to establish peace ^lo^^® ^'^bStl? 
firmly, ordained and appointed a general parliament here rule of ilie 
at this day. And it was commanded to the Archbishops, ^** ™' 
Bishops, Abbots, and Priors, whose presence seems to be 
hereunto necessary, also to the Earls, Barons, and other 
chief persons of this land, to wit, to each of them sever- 
ally, that they should be here at this day, &c. And like- 
wise it was commanded to the sheriffs of Dublin, Louth, Kil- 
dare, Waterford, Tipperary, Cork, Limerick, Kerry, Con- 
naught, and Roscommon, and also to the seneschals of the 
liberties of MeatH, Wexford, Carlo w, Kilkenny, and Ulster, 

Liberty of Kildare had, some little time before, failed in actiatc on a writ, 
and the record goes on to say that becaoae a sheriff is newly created there, in 
place of a seneschal, the sheriff is directed to distrain the parties. This 
entrv tends to prove that the parliament which enacted this statute sat in 
the early part of 1297. 

The text of the above will be found printed in the Miscellawf, Irish Archmo- 
loffical Societjf, 1846, p. 15, and Betham has a translation at p. 262 of his 
work, above cited. 

o 2 


vltoii, qd unusq^ eojj p se vidftlic3 viceoomes in pleno 
Comitatu suo % Senescallus in plena Cur* sua libtatis sen p 
assensu Comitatus sui sen li^tatis eligi fa^et duos de 
pbiorib5 * di8crecorib5 militib3 de singut Comitatib3 % 
UBtatib3, qd hie nuc inPessent plena potestatem babentes de 
tota coitate Comitat * liBtatis %c, ad faciend * recipiend *^ « 
qd quilib3 vicecomes % Senescallus fuisset-^ hie in pp^is psonis t^c. 
Et Thorn My dens, Niclis Leglinens, *c Epi, * Ricardus de 
Burgo Comes vltonye modo venit, « similiP Ricard^ Taff vie 
Dublinye, Wilts de hacche, vie Louetti, %c, Walt^ Trouman 
seneschalus de Trym *c, simitr veniut, * brevia sua retornata, « 
WalPs de la Haye * Eustacius le Poer electi p coitate libtat 
Kylkenn Jeorgius de Rupe electus p coitate Comitatus Lynlyk, 
«c -vefiut. Et Nicholaus Ardmacadens Archieps « cePi 
absenciam sua excusantes miserut hie pcuratores seu attornatos 
9U08, videlie3 ^dcs Archieps I. * N. '^c, set Wilts Archieps 
Tuamens *c, no veii. Et similiP Hugo de Leis un^ electo^ p 
Comit de LynJyk, %c no veflut. Ideo ipi in mia. Et in ^sencia 
^dco]^ 'Epo'S^ Mydens, Leglinens, % Comit * Baronu * alic^ 
optimatu hie c5penciu de coi consilio dni Reg in hac Pra fee 
fflut queda pvisiones, « vnanimiP ab dibits^ concordate « con- 
cesse saluo Jure dni Reg *c. 

In p*mi8 quia visu est qd Comitat' Dublin nimis est confua' 
« ptes eius nimis ab inuiee remote % dispse, v^|x>te vltonia 
* Mydia, » postmodu Lagenya cu valle Dubliii *c, p quod min* 
copetnP lieseruit' dno Regi in ^ceptis suis, % Curie sue, n*n6 * 
ppts suus min' sufficienP regit' siue gubernat'. Concordatu est 
qd de cePo sit q*da vicecomes in vltonya tarn de Croceys 
vltonye q*m ad faciend execu cones in- libtate vltonye cu 


XXV. EDWARD i. 197 

that each of them by himself, to wit, the sheriff in hh full 
county court, and the seneschal in his full court of the 
liberty, by the assent of his county or liberty, should cause to 
be elected two of the most honest and discreet knights of the 
several counties and liberties, that they should now be pre- 
sent here, having full power from the whole community of 
the county and liberty, &c., to do and to receive, &c., 
that each sheriff and seneschal should be here in their pro- 
per peirsons, &c. And Thomas bishop of Meath, Nicholas 
bishop of Leighlin, &c., and Bichard de Burgo earl of 
Ulster, now come, and in like manner Richard Taff" sheriff* 
of Dublin, William de Hacche sheriff of Louth, &c., Walter 
Trouman seneschal of Trim, <fec., likewise come, and their 
writs returned, and Walter de la Haye and Eustace lo Poer, 
elected by the community of the liberty of Kilkenny, 
George de Rupe, elected by the community of the county of 
Limerick, &c., came. And Nicholas archbishop of Armagh 
and the others, excusing their absence, sent here their proc- 
tors or attorneys, to wit, the said Archbishop J. and N., &c., 
but William airchbishop of Tuam, <kc., came not. And in 
like manner Hugh de Leis, one of those elected by the 
county of Limerick, <fec., came not. Therefore they in 
mercy. And in presence of the aforesaid Bishops of. 
Meath and Leighlin and the Earl and Barons, and other 
chief persons here appearing of the common council of the 
lord the King in this land, certain provisions were made 
and by all unanimously agreed to and granted, saving the 
right of the lord the King, <fec. 

I. Firstly, whereas it is seen that the county of Dublin 
is too much scattered, and the parts thereof too far 
removed from each other and dispersed, as well Ulster and 
Meath, and then Leinster with the vale of Dublin, 
Ac, whereby it less competently obeys the lord the King 
in his precepts and those of his court, and also his 
people is less adequately 111 led or governed. It is agreed 
that henceforward there be a sheriff* in Ulster, as well Sheriff iu 
of the crosses of Ulster, as to carry out executions ^^*®'' 
in the liberty of Ulster, when default is found in the 


defectus inneniat'^ in Senesca]t ^dce HBtatis, % qd vicecom 
Dublin am^ se no int^mittat in vltonya. Ck)ncordatu est ecia 
qd Mydya sit nn^ Comitat' p se, tarn videlic3 ^'^ liBtatis de 
Trym q*m Pra Teobaldy de Verdon, * omnes Pre Cixxjearu inf* 
|>cinctu My dye existetes, « qd de cePo sit ibi ^us viceoomes « 
Comitatu suu ten eat apd keules quolibet die Jouis poet 
Comitatu Dublin « ipe execucones faciet in ^dca liBtate de 
Tiym cu defectus inueniaf *c. Et pdes Teobaldus de Verdon 
p se % Almarico de sco Amando tenete suo <« eoj^ heredib3 
concessit, qd ipi de cetero faciet secta ad ^dcm Comitatu Mydie 
p sic qd absoluant' a sectis q^ deBnt ad Comitatu Dublin, % 
eis cocedit^ Comitatus etia kyldar q^ quonda fuit libertas 
intendens Gomitatui Dublin sit de cePo Comitat' p se una cu 
Pris Croceis ^ aliis Pris pticipu dnici lagen inf* pcinctu eiusdm 
c5tentis a iurisdiccone vicecomitis Dublin totaliP absolute 
Et sit ibi vicecomes sicut nuc est ^^fc. 

Itm quia quida magmites % alii q^ q^a Pras tint in Marchiis 
ppe hybnicos % alias Pras in Pra pacis nianet, % morant' in 
mafiiis suis in Pra pacis Pris suis in Marchiis relictis vastis, % 
incultis, % sn custodia % f clones hybnici p mediu hui'modi 
Praru vastaru in Marchiis suis fuseuntos libe pt^nseut ad ppt*nd 
roberias, homicidia, et alia mala sr anglicos ^ p eas i-edeut sn 
arrestacone, clamore, vt impediinto, p quod q*i)lures Marchie vt 
onino destruutur, au' p maiori pte ruinose sut Anglici inbabi- 
tates * felonibus ol>ediut : ut q'si in exiliu efiugant'. Con- 
cordatu est q teutes hui^modi cui'cuq^ f&int auctoritatis seu 
condiconis apponat % heant Wardas in Pris suis in March ia 

^XV. EDWARD I. 199 

seneschal of the aforesaid liberty, and that the sheriff of 
Dublin intermeddle not henceforth in Ulster. It is MeatA to be a 
also a^eed that Meath be a county by itself, to wit, as well gherif!? ^ 
the land of the liberty of Trim as the land of Theobald de 
Verdon, and all the lands of the crosses being within the 
precinct of Meath, and that there be henceforth a 
sheriff there, and that he hold his county court at Kells 
on each Thursday after the county court of Dublin, 
and he shall make executions in tbe afoiresaid liberty 
of Trim when default is found, Ac. And the afore- 
said Theobald de VerdoD, for himself and Almaric de 
Saint Amand his tenant and their heirs, granted that they 
will henceforth do suit at the said county court of Meath 
aforesaid, so that they be absolved from the suits 
which they owe at the county court of Dublin, and it is 
granted unto them. Moreover that the county of Kil- Kildare a 
dare, which was formerly a liberty intentive to tne g^eriit 
county of Dublin, be henceforth a county by itself, 
together with the Cross lands and other lands of the 
parceners of the lordship of Leinster, contained within the 
precinct of the same, totally discharged from the jurisdic- 
tion of the sheriff of Dublin. And that a sheriff be there 
as now is, &c. 

II. Likewise whereas some great persons and others who 
have divers lands in the marches near the Irish, and other 
lands in a land of peace, remain and dwell in their manors 
in a land of peace, their lands in the marches being left 
waste and uncultivated and without a guard; and Irish 
felons by means of such waste lands in their marches, pass 
freely thro<ugh to perpetrate robberies, homicides, and 
other mischiefs upon the English, and return through them 
without arrest, hue-and-cry, or hindrance; whereby very 
many marches arc eithei- altogether destroyed or are for 
the greater part ruinous, and the English inhabitants either 
obey felons or are driven as it were into exile. It is agreed Marches to be 
that tenants of this kind, of whatever authority or condi- S"**^®^ 
tion they be, place and have wards in their lands in 
the march, according to the quantity of those lands, lest 


iux'^ q^ntitate iraru illaru ne malef 101*66 pf^nseat p Pras illas 
inpunes, ut no psecuti, «r qiiocieiis necesse fflit tentes hui'modi 
ad hoc dist^ngant' p capcone Pi-aru illaru in manu dni Reg, % 
modis aliis q'b5 Cui* dni Reg meli' videbit' expedire. 

Q Freqnt ecia accidit qd felones evadiit cu predis suis aliq*ndo 
captis in Vra pacis p eo qd corapat^ote no tint equos ad arma 
ad inseqnd eos sicut expediret Q*ppP concoi-datu est % con-, qd quilib3 tenes xx librafats Pre sine in roai^chia siue in 
Pra pacis cui^cuque fSit codiconis liabeat vnu Equ conipetnP 
cooptii, una cu cePis armis q ad hoc ptint cotinue puiptu in sua 
Tiiansione. Alii aute tentes heant hobinos * alios Equos dis- 
cooptos iux* suas facultates. Et quociens defcs repiat' in aliq® 
dist*rigat' deficiens * puniat' scdm arbit^u Justic, vie * seii. 
Magnates ecia % alii q* morant' in anglia ul alibi ex* Pra ista 
qui pficua Pre sue t^nsPri fe^ut ad eos ab hac Pra ^ nicti hie 
diniitt<Jte8 ad saluand tenefhta sua seu tentes eorude de cePo 
praittat porconem cdpetete remade, salt! in manibus balliuo^ 
suo^ p q*m Pre sue pp*e copent^ saluari poterint * defendi si 
guerra seu pacis pt'bacione p aliq'^s contif it ibi suscitari Et 
ad hoc faciend cu op^ f fiit p vicecom siue senescallu efficaciP 

C. FreqnP ecia euadunt felones cu fid is suis p eo qd c6pat*ot« 
simul cu eis no insurgut S5 quida eoj^ q'^i qgaudetes dapno- % 
ruine vicini sui quo iuste dolere deBent se simulat « tabescut 
pmitt^tes felones hi^ cu ^dis suis indepnes f^sire. Q*mobr§ 

Interlined ; for competenUr. 

iXV. EDWAKD 1. 201 

malefactors paaa through those lands unpunished or not 
pursued, and as often as it shall be necenary, tenants of 
this kind may be distrained thereunto, by taking their 
lands into the hand of the lord the King, and by other 
methods which the court of the lord the King shall see 
most expedient. 

III. Frequently also it happens that felons escape with 
their booty, sometimes taken in a land of peace, because the 
country people have not armed horse to pursue them as 
would be expedient. Wherefore it is agreed and granted Certain 
that every tenant hoklinfi; xx. librates of land, whether in tenftnts to 
the march or in land of peace, of whatsoever condition with arma, 
he be, have a horse suitjtbly capansoned^ together with '» "^^^y* 
the other arms which hereunto pertain, constantly ready 

in his dwelling. And that other tenants have hobbies 

and other horses unarmed according to their abilities. 

And as often as default shall be found in any one, that 

the defaulter be distrained and punished, according to 

the discretion of the Justice, sheriff, and seneschal. The 

magnates also and others who reside in England or else Reeidenta out 

where out of this land, who cause the profits of their contribute for 

land to be transmitted to them from this land, leaving »** defence. 

nothing here to protect their tenements or the tenants 

thereof, shall from henceforth permit a competent portion 

to remain at least in the hands of their bailiffs, whereby 

their own lands may be sufficiently saved and defended, 

if it happen that war or disturbance of peace should be 

excited there by any persons. And that when it shall 

be necessary they shall be effectually distrained by the 

sheriff or the seneschal to do this. 

IV. Frequently aJso felons eecape with their spoils, by 
reason that the country people do not rise together with 
them [those plundered], but some of them, as if exulting 
in the damage and ruin of their neighbour, at which they 
ought justly to grieve, feign and conceal themselves, per- 
mitting such felons to pass unhurt with their spoils. 


coconlatn eflt 9^ concessu, qd cu latrones seu robiatores vefiint 
in aliq'^m pat^ ad capied f^das vt aliud malu faciend oma 
copat^ote q* cici^ ad noticia sua poPit aduent' illoru deuenire 
simul insurgat, * illos inseq^nf^ cu effectu. Q*cuq^ ^o copat'otaru 
illoj^ couinci poPit qd in insurgedo vel in illos inseqndo n'gliges 
f&it ut remissus erga dominu Rege g*idF puniat% % leso pte rei 
pdiie i*estitaat iux^ culpa n^'ligecie sue ut I'emissionis, % scdm 
disc^cone Justic ad hni^modi qrela audienda assignati 

C. Quia ecia comuitas Pre huius multu hacten^ g^uata fuit p 
ex&it^ quos magnates duxerut sine Warato p mediu Pre pacis % 
Marchiaru y^ guerra no fuit. Cocordatu est « cooessu qd nulli 
licebit de cetero ex&itu du^ie ex* Pra sua n' sr hoc liceda a 
Capit Justic ut madatu llfiit sf^ale, % tuc oms quotq^ ddPit 
pcipiet vadia sua de suo ductore, uii raconabiliP poPint in suo 
Itifie sustetari. Q* ante huic ordinaconi cont^efiit erga dnm 
Rege gHiiP puniat% % lesis dapna resiituot, taxanda p visnetu 

C. Fuit ecia eade Cdmunitas multocies g^uata p magnates « 
alios habstes kaernias viuStes cotinne sGptib3 alienis ta in 
MarcLiis q*^ in Pra pacis p quod ppts veheniP esi^ depaupat^ sr q** 
cocordatu est % cdcessu qd nullus de cePo cui^cuque f&t auctori- 
tatis vt codiconis teneat kaernias seu hoies ociosos plures aut 
alios q'^m ipemet poPit % vdl&it de suo pp^o snstifie, n' aliqs hui^ 
hominu ocioso)^ aliq*d de cePo capiat ab aliq° vicino dni sui 
aut alio q* volutate donatoiis no coact^, qd si fiat de cePo ille 


XXV. EDWARD t 203 

Wherefore it ia agreed and granted that when thieves or Country 
lobbers shaJl come into any country to take apoils or to do ^^^® ^ 
any other mischief, all the country people, as soon as their robbers, &c. 
approach can come to their knowledge, rise together 
and effectually pursue them. And whosoever of those 
country people can be convicted of having been negligent 
or remiss in rising or in pursuing them shall be heavily Penalty, 
punished towards tbe lord the King, and shall restore to 
the injured party a proportion of the property lost, accord- 
ing to the criminality of his negligence or remissness, and 
according to the discretion of the Justice assigned to hear 
such complaint. 

y. Because also the commonalty of this land was 

hitherto much aggrieved by armies, which great men 

have led without warrant through the midst of a land of 

peace and of marches where there was no war. It is 

agreed and granted that from henceforth it shall not be No army <u 

be led 
lawful to anyone to lead an army out of his own land, through land 

unless he shall have had a licence for this from the Chief of peace 

Justiciar, or a special mandate, and then all, as many as he licence. 

shall have led, shall receive their wages from their leader, 

that they may be reasonably supported on their expedition. 

And he who shall contravene this ordinance shall be 

heavily punished towards the lord the King, and restore to 

the injured their damages to be assessed by a competent 

[jury of] the neighbourhood. 

VI. The same commonalty has also on many occaaions 
been aggrieved by magnates and others having kernes, con- 
tinually living at other people's expense, as well in the 
marches as in land of peace, whereby the people is exces- 
sively impoverished. Wbereupon it is agreed and granted 
that no person henceforward, of whatsoever authority or No one to 
condition he be, keep kernes or idle men more or ||^P ™°" 
other than he himself can and will, out of his own resources, idle men than 
support; nor shall any of such idle men henceforth g^J^^t 
take anything from any neighbour of his lord or other, 
against the unconstrained will of the giver ; which if it be 
done henceforward, he who shall have kept such idle men 


q* hui^ ocio5ios ten&it g*ui^? puniaf p Jnstic vicecomitS « aenes. 
callu, « lesis dapna restitnat, « ocobus ille capiat^ « imp^sonet'' 
quousq^ gram a Cur* dni Reg fifiit optifie n' an pleuina qd bn 
se geret in posPu dimittatur a p^ona. 

C. Fre^nV ecia felonen hyBnici ad scelera ppetranda forcores 
But eff ti p hoc qd cu ad guen*a ffiint ut aliqm intedut destruere 
pq4*ut trebas seu treugas per quosdam anglicos de vicinis suis 
8* dari p i?fcu temp^ ut integrius <t securi'' vacare possiut ad 
alios vicinos suoa destruedos. q<^a cu deatrujPint aepe cotingit qd 
iidem hybnici eoadm quos p^us amicoa ce a^ aimularut inf^ temp' 
t^be aeu treuge paequnf^, forceletta eo^ % maSia deatruut « 
coburut. £t ne hui' piculu eueniat de cePo, Cocordatu est % 
cocessu qd nuUi licebit de cefo hro ut teSe trebas aeu treugas 
ca hybniciB ad guerra, ut extra pace exi8tentib3, nisi treba 
ilia seu treuga sit uni&sat et equat &sus oinea, nullo fideliu 
excepto ut relicto. Q*. aut atr treba seu treuga cepit ut 
cocesserit hybnicis ex* pace exiatentib3 puniat' erga dnm BegS 
. tanq^ pticeps malef ti hui^modi hybnico^ % leso pt§ rei pdite 
restituat aicut supius dcra est de copatH>ta cu vicino suo sr 
feloQg insurgere no volete. 

C. Freqn(;' ecia hybnici ad guerra cdcitant' p hoc qd cu ad pace 
sint ut treba sen t^uga Kfiint gefiale p 8i\x tSp^ ut tuico pacis 
p Cur*m dni Reg eis coceasa f&it, q^da cupiditate ducti q^da v^ 
vindicte ca ut inuidie seu namii capiSdi insidiatea eis aubito ut 
noctanP ruut in eos Fraa eo^ it*nt ^daa rapiut, ut eo^ afiia aut 


shall be heavily punished by the Justice, sheriflF and sene- 
schal, and indemnify the injured, and that such idle man 
be taken and imprisoned until he shall have deserved to 
obtain grace from the court of the lord the King; nor 
shall he be discharged from prison without bail for his 
good behaviour in future. 

VII. Frequently also Irish felonsi are better enabled to 
perpetrate crimes by this means, namely, that when they 
happen to be at war, or intend to destroy any person, iJiey 
demand truces or armistices to be given to them by some 
of the English of their neighbours for a certain time, that 
they may be more completely and securely at leisure to de- 
stroy their other neighbours, whom, wljen they have de- 
stroyed, it often happens that the same Irishmen within 
the time of the truce or armistice attack those whose 
friends they had before pretended to be, and destroy and 
burn their forcelets and manors. Therefore lest such a 
danger occur hereafter, it is agreed and granted that it 
shall not be lawful to any person henceforth to have or 

to hold truces or armistices with the Irish, being at war or All truces 
out of the peace, unless that truce or armistice be universal ^^^ ^J^^ * 
and equal towards all, none of the lieges being excepted or universal, 
left out; and that he who otherwise shall have taken or 
granted a truce or armistice to Irishmen being out of the 
peace, shall be punished towards the lord the King as a 
partaker of the guilt of such Irishmen, and shall restore to 
the injured party a proportion of the property lost, as is 
above said of a countryman not willing to rise with his 
neighbour against a felon. 

VIII. Frequently also the Insh are stirred up to war 
heireby, that when they are at peace or have had a general 
truce or armistice for a certain time, or tuition of the 
peace has been granted to them by the Court of the lord 
the King, some led by covetousness, others from motives of 
revenge, envy, or of taking pledges, lying in wait for them, 
rush suddenly or by night upon them, enter their lands, 
carry off spoils or take and lead away their cattle or the men 


holes nich mali salti tpe illo medio fisus aliqm ppet^ntes in 
Marchiis suis inuetos capiut « abducut, p quod hyBnici illi 
cu leues sit aio stati ad guerra psiliut, % v* pat*a debilior 
ee credit', ibi de|)daiit' ta illos q» in nuUo pticipes ffiiit 
f^nsgressionis eis fee n° inde ciuerunt aut ad hoc cdsenserut 
q*m amicos <« affines hui^ f^nsgresso]^ p quod pat*e locis pluribns 
deuastant', « eo cici^ quia raro accidit qd hui^ t^nsg^^ssores se 
fideliP int^^ittat ad pace marchiaru sustStanda. Et ad malu 
hui' vitand, decePo cocordatu est « c5cessu q nuUi licebit in 
futuru q*^uq^ hybnicos ad pacS existetes ut habetes ^ t^ba 
seu treuga durate tpe trebe seu t^uge, vt durate tpe tuiconis 
|>acis eis qoesse dum^ hyBnici illi pacS tenfiit tpe illo luad^e, seu 
insultare q'HsOq^ de ca rt colore, n* aliqki ab eis rape seu cape 
oonf^ volutate eoj^ no coacta, q si quis q^venire ^supserit g^uii^ 
erga dnm Rege puniat', tanq^ pacis sue pt^bator, ^ niello* 
bybnicis sic lesis dapna restituat taxanda p visnetii c5petete. 

C. Fi-eqnf ecia accidit qd cu hybnici se dederint ad guerrand 
ex arrupto uel inpuiso Capit Justic tuc in ptib3 i-emotis agete 
pauci uel nulli repiutur q* resistat * eo^ malefca rep^mat ut 
pturbst p q sepius trre marchiaru q^mplurimu deuastant^ Ad 
quod piculu vitand inp'teru c6cordatu est * cocessu qd q*m 
cici^ hybnici p homicidia ut incedia seu [idas capiedo se posfiint 
ad guerrand oins degStes in Comitatu seu libtate v^ hybnici illi 
sut moi*ate8, i: ecia vicini sui de cofinio Marchiaru stiaru 
cocordiP % insimul insurgat in hybnicos, % eis guerra manu- 
teneat 8uptib3 suis pp4s q"usq^ hybnici illi ad iiacS se reddidint 
vel trebas seu treugas optinfiit a magnatibj i^re illius ad hoc 


found in their marches, who at least in the meantime are 
committing no mischief against any person ; whereby thode 
Irish, as they are excitable, rush instantly to war, and 
wherever the country is belieived to be weakest there they 
plunder, aa well those who were in nothing partakers of the 
wrong done them, nor did they know thelreof or consent 
to it, as the friends and kin of such transgressors, where- 
by the countries are devastated in many places and so much 
the sooner, because it rarely happens that such trans- 
gressors interfere loyally to support the peace of the 

marches. Therefore to avoid such mischief hereafter, it is ^^ Irishman 

at peace or in 
agreed and granted that it shall not be lawful to any per- truce to be 

son in future for any cause or pretence to invade or attack * ^**^*®^ 

any Irishmen being at peace, or having a fixed truce or 

armistice, during the time of the truce or armistice or 

during the time of the tuition of the peace granted to them, 

provided those Irishmen shall have kept the peace during 

such time, nor to seize or take anything from them 

against their unconstrained will ; which if any person shall 

presume to contravene, he shall be heavily punished 

towards the lord the King as a disturber of his peace, and 

ahall also restore to the Irish so injured, their damages to 

be assessed by a competent [jury of] the neighbourhood. 

IX. Frequently aJso it happens that when the Irish have 
betaken themselves suddenly or uneKpectedly to war, the 
Chief Justiciar acting then in remote parts, few or none 
are found who can resist and repress or interrupt their 
ravages ; whereby the lands of the marches are very often 
extensively devastated. To obviate which danger in future, ' 
it is agreed and granted that as soon as the Irish by homi- 
cides or burnings or plunderings shall have set them- Dwellers in a 
selves to war, aJl persons dwelling in the county or liberty ^xJ'^V'L^^®" 
where those Irish are remaining, and also their neighbours rise, 
on the confine of their marches, shall with one accord and 
jointly rise upon the Irish and maintain war upon them at 
their own expense, until those Irishmen shall have rendered 
themselves to peace or obtained truces or armistices from 
the magnates of that land, hereunto deputed, or the Chief 


deputatis, vt qd Capitat Justlciari' aliud inde duiPit ordinand. 
Huic ecia ordinaconi no obedies p Justic, Ticecom, Reu senes- 
callu distringat', <r p rebellione sua paniat^ p defiitis ciilpe 

C. Hybnici ecia de densitate bosco^ * pfundiiate moraru 
adjac6siu confidstes asflrinnt audacia cicius delinqndi maxime cu 
via regia locis q^mplurimis spissitudine bosci utociP crescentis ia 
sfit indensate % obtnise qd vix aliq^s % pedeat^s p eas poBt 
f^nsire p qaod cu Hybnici post malefca sua refitentes ad 
boscu huiusmodi ut mora i)08sint ptinjje licet c6pat*ote comunif 
Tellent eos inseq* « eos inseq'^tur euadut sepi' sn dpno v^ si 
paPet accessus, ab eis q* eos inseqnt' forent de^hensi. Sup q® 
ordinatu est ^ cocessu qd dni bosco^ p mediu quoj^ yia regia 
fuit ab antiq® vna cu tentib5 auis passus v via regia fore deb5 
basso ppe ^rd % sat large 8uptib3 suis « tenciu suo^ sciiidi 
faciat % col pari, adoo qd via pateat satis larga % a spinis % 
arboribus ta stantib3 q*m jacStib5 totaliP emudet^ Si 
v^ dns « tentes sui de loco v* passus colpandus ffiit suflPre 
n poPut sn magno dapuo custagia ad hui'modi colpaconem necca 
tuc dns Rex vt Capit Justiciarius hre faciat eis auxiliu de tota 
pat^a adjacSte. Et si dns ille cu tentib3 suis s"" fa& n^'gleic'it p 
vicecom dist^ngat' ad hoc faciend, vel Capit Justic iUud fieri 
faciat suptib3 eo^, ^ nicliomin^ erga dnm Rege g*uiP punianf. 
Potes ecia * Calceta repent' in locis suis sicut ee debent % 
solent % v^ disrupta % cdfracta f&int siue potes siue Calceta, % 
ille q^ ea repare tenet'' non sufficiat ad tata custagia pat^e 


Justiciar shall have determined to order anything elsa 
therein. And that he who is not obedient to this ordin- 
ance shall also by the Justice, sheriff or seneschal be 
distrained and punished for his rebellion lMx;ording to the 
deserts of his crime. 

X. Likewise, the Irish confiding in the thickness of the 
woods and the depth of the adjacent bogs become more 
rapidly daring in doing mischief, especially when the 
King's highway in very many places is now so closed up 
and obstructed by the thickness of quickly growing 
wood, that scarcely any person, even on foot, can pass 
through them, whereby when the Ir:i»h returning after their 
misdeeds can reach a wood of this kind or a bog, although 
the country people in a body should wish to pursue them, 
and do pursue them, they often escape without hurt, where- 
as if acoees were open, they would be caught by thoee who 
pursue them. Whereupon it is ordained and granted that Ancient high- 
the lords of the woods through the midst whereof the JJooda tabt " 
King's highway anciently was, shall with their tenants preaenred, 
cause passes, where the King's highway should be, to be^dcleM-ed. 
cut and cleared low down, close to the ground, 
and sufficiently wide, at their own expense, and 
that of their tenants, so that a road of a suffi- 
cient width may be opened, and totally cleared 
from briars and trees as well standing as lying. 
But if the lord and his tenants of the place where the Adjacent 
pass should be cut, cannot without great loss support the aid. 
coats necessary for such cutting, then that the lord the King 
or the Chief Justiciar do cause them to have aid from the 
whole adjacent country. And if that lord with his tenants 
shall have neglected so to do, that he be distrained by the 
sheriff to do the same, or the Chief Justiciar may cause it 
to be done at their expense, and that they nevertheless be 
heavily punished towards the lord the King. That bridges Bridges and 
also and causeways be repaired in their places as they ^^^^^*x^ 
ought and used to be, and where either bridges or cause- 
ways shall be broken and demolished, and he who is bound 
to repair them is not sufficient for such great expense, that 



ad qMof pfectu erut releuata inuenisk colter ad ea releuand 
% releuata manuteneat ille q* tenet', « nichomin' cu facultaa 
ei Bubffiit, reddat unicui% qd paoavit, Capit aut6 JustiS g^uiV 
puniat qnoB hiiic ordinaconi q^ioa inuefiit ut rebelled. Tota ecia 
comunitaa lagen q quonda fuit vna lifetas simul leuent simul 
qt%uant iiDiul guerram fisus hyBnicoa manuteneant vnanimi 
cOflilio ducant^ « qMicStes « discorded g^uif* puniat'. 

C. Anglici ecia quasi degefies modemis tpibus hyBnicalib3 se 
induut vestitfitis, % habetes Capita semirasa capillos a ret^ 
capitis nut^unt « allogat, « illos Culan vocat hyBnicista habitu 
q^m facie sese cOformates p q freqnP aocidit anglicos quosda ^ 
hyBnicis reputatos iiiPfici 1]C3 anglicc^ 9f hyBnico)^ occino 
difisos modos postulat punisdi, % p occisionS hui^ in? q*mptimoa 
iimicicie mafia geflat' « rancoris. Affines q*'5 ta occisoris q* 
occisi sepe pbt^nat' alPnati relud inimici. Et eo circa 
cOcordatu est % conc^ssu qd oihn auglici in hac f ra saltT in 
Oapite q plus visui se ^sentat mores « tonsura gerant anglio(^» 
n* amplius ^sumat au^e comes in ColanQ, quod si fe^int Justic 
vicecofh Senescallus liBtatu dni ecia in qu<^ dnio anglici hui^ 
replant', « eoj^ senescallus anglicos illos p f ras « Catalla sua, 
n'n « p arestaconem corpis sui « imprisonaraentu si necc fSit 
habitu hyBnlcalem salti in Ca})ite seu CapiH relinqre dist'ngat, v 
cOpellant, n"" amplius respodeat' anglico capd habentl in forma 
hyBnici t^nsmutatu q*m hyBnico responded si in casu cdsimili 
qstus eet. 


the districts for whose benefit they shall be raised shall find 
means in common to rebuild them, and that when rebuilt 
he who is bound shall maintain them, and that nevertheless 
when ability shall serve him he shall restore to every per- 
son what he has paid. And that the Chief Justiciar Penalty, 
heavily punish those whom he shall find adverse or rebel- 
lious to this ordinance. Also that the whole community 
of Leinster, which formerly was one liberty, shall together 
levy, together contribute to, together maintain, war 
against the Irish, be led by a common counsel, and that the 
refractory and discordant be heavily punished. 

XI. Englishmen also as degenerate in modern times, 
attire themselves in Irish garments and having their heads 
half shaven, grow and extend the hairs from the back of the 
head and call them Culan, conforming themselvee to the 
Irish, as well in garb as in countenance, vrhereby it fre- 
quently happens that some Englishmen reputed as Irish- 
men are slA-in, although the killing of Englishmen and of 
Irishmen requires different mode® of punishment. And 
by such killing matter of enmity and rancour is generated 
amongst many. The kindred also, as well of the slayer as 
of the slain, are often by turns struck down as enemies. 
And therefore it is agreed and granted that all Englishmen 
in this land wear, at least in that part of the head 
which presents itself most to view, the mode and tonsure 
of Englishmen, nor longer presume to turn their hair 
in the Culan, which if they shall do, that the Justice, Englishmen 
sheriff, seneschal of liberties, and also the lords in not to uie 
whose lordship such Englishmen may be found, and their ^^^^ ^ * 
seneschal distrain and compel those Englishmen by I"Bhmen. 
their lands and chattels, and also, if it shall be necessary, by 
arrest of their body and imprisonment, to relinquish the penalty. 
Irish dress at least in the head or hair, and that there 
be no further answer made to an Englishman having his 
head transformed in the fashion of an Irishman, than would 
be made to an Irishman if he should complain in the like 



C. Assignent' de cePo in quolib:; Gomitatu % qualib5 HKtate v^ 
hiBnici st inhabitates duo magnates q^ cu Capitalis Jiisticiarius 
in remotis ptib3 extiPit cu hyfenici pciu illaru ' ad 

guerra se pontib5 licite tractent ^ bono pacis, ^ si deposcat 
comunis vtilitas eis p aliq curtum tpis spaciu trcuga seu treba 
sub bo* securitate hinc inde facienda c5cedat gefiale, « stati 
madent Capit Justic quid agaf sr hoc distincte i^ apte ut ipe 
Justiciari' cdp^s remediu sr hoc faciat ordinare-. 

27 EDWARD I. AD. 1299. 

[JuBTiciAEY Roll, 27 Edward I. m. 20.] 
Placita Parleamenti apud Dubtn coram Johe Wogan Ca[)it 
Justic Hibn 9e consilio Regf *c. a die Paacli in xv. dies 
anno r P: E. xxvii<*. Wogan. 

AD ^cauendu dampno quod posset euenire p falsas monetas 
quas diflsi iScatoi-es ext»nei ducunt in banc Pram de 
quib3 quidem monetis aliq* libra non valet ult* quinc^^ solidos 
sFlinguoJ^ * aliq* libra veilet paru plus, et facte sunt huiusmodi 
monete apud ffaukemont ^ aliis difisis locis in Alemannia ubi 
de gra Regf prius fuit pmissu qd moneta que vocatur les 
Ballardz, * monete consimiles de quib5 quett libra valet ad 
min'^ decern * octo solid currerent inP monetam Regf vocatis 
coram Justic hie % consilio *c duob5 de legaliorib5 Ciuib5 r 
Burgen8ib5 cuiustt Ciuitatis * Burgi ubi huiusmodi ficatores 
applicant in hac Pra, electis ad hoc p CJoinitates ^dco^ C?iui- 
tiituu * Burgoj^ p Pdcos Justic * consiliu et de assensn ^dco^ 
Ciuiu * Burgeii, concordatu est * puisu, qd in quott portu, 
Ciuitate ^ Burgo, « feriis vbi huiusmodi n)catores applicant % 

' Blank in original, * 8o in MS. for ordinari. 

XXVil. EDWAKD 1. 213 

XII. That there bo henceforth aesigned in every county In abeenoe of 
and every liberty where tlie Irish aa-e inhabitants, two ^j^gnj^tea in 
magnates, who when the Chief Justiciar happen to be in each county 
remote parts, when the Irish of those parts may j^ace. 

lawfully treat for the good of peace with those placing 
themselves in a state of war; and if the common advan- 
tage demand, may grant them, for some short space of 
time, a general truce or armistice, under good security to 
be given hereupon, and shall immediately send to the 
Chief Justiciar what is done hereupon, distinctly and 
openly, that the Justiciar himself may cause a sufficient 
remedy to be ordained hereupon. 

27 EDWARD I. A.D. 1299. 

PLEAS of Parliament at Dublini before John Wogan, 
Chief Justiciar of Ireland, and the Council of the 
King, in fifteen days from Eaeter in the 27th year of the 
reign of King Edward. 

To provide against loss which may arise by false moneys Against false 
which divers foreign merchants bring into this land, of ^o'J^y *»d for 
which moneys any pound is not. worth above five shillings the currency, 
sterling, and another pound worth little more, and such 
moneys are made at Faukemont and divers other places in 
Germany, where by the King's grace it was before per- 
mitted that money which is called the Ballards 
and like moneys, of which each pound is worth at 
least eighteen shillings, should run with the King's 
money; having called before the Justiciar here and 
the Council, ifec, two of the most worthy citizens and 
burgesses of each city and burgh where such mer- 
chants arrive in this land, elected for this by the com- 
munities of the said cities and burghs. It is agreed and 
provided by the said Justiciar and Council, and with the 
assent of the said citizens and burgesses, that in each port, 
city and burgh, and fairs, where such merchants arrive and 


ex^cent, assignantur Ste psone legales ad hoc iurate ad scrutand 
* &;hiand nlcatores quoscuq^ tain in Naui q^ ext*, si huiusmodi 
falsas monetas ferant uel liabeaut et nioneta de qua habetur 
Buspicio mali, statim assaietur p dimidiam vnciam. £t si 
comptu ffiit qd libra monete illiiis non valeat iinam m^rcam 
uel amplius, tunc moneta ilia que sic falsa repietur arestabit' % 
saluo custodietur p ^dcos serutatores quousq^ p consiliu Kegf 
aliud inde tiuerint in mandatis, et in Sc^io videbit' si debeat 
Regi fomfieri uel non. Monete vero qua^ vna libra valet 
vnam m^rcam vel vlt* et etiani omes alic monete de argento 
modo sparse % diuulgate in hac Pra, nisi fisse vel fracte ffiint 
vlt* mediu currant p totam fram, quousq3 aliud inde ffiit 
ordinatu. Et q^ fama comis est qd ntcatores huiusmodi tulerut 
% asportafiut monetam dni Regf % argentu ))uru ex* banc fram 
ad escambiend in ptib3 alien is p falsa moneta in has ptes 
doferenda ; puisu est ^ ordinatu qd ^dci serutatores scrutenf 
% cherchient naues, marinellos, nicatores, ^ alios quoscuq^ « 
non pmittant monetam Regf, nee aliquod aKud argentu puru 
t^nsuehi ex* banc Pram, ad aliquod escambiu faciendu, uel ad 
alias iScandisas ex&endas {^q* ad ronabiles misas marinello]^ 
illo]^ « iScatojiL et saluis niagnatib5 alibi morantib5 exitib3 Fra^ 
8ua^ quas habent in hac Pra, ducendis uel mittendis ad eos 
Bcdm quod inde p consiliu K hie ffiit ordinatu. 

Fostea in septimana Pentecostes, dns Hex mandauit sup hoc 
Justic hie bre suu patens, sicut patet iuferius in rotulis istius 
f mini *c. 

Audita etiam querimonia Corhitatu difiso^ Ck)mitatuu, de 
eo qd famuli, carucarii, carectarii, trituratores % alii luientes 
Bui oontempnut luire de luiciis de quib3 . luire solebant ^ 
fertilitate instantis anni vocatis de difisis Comitatib3, ]yiilitio3 
% aliis pbiB ^ legalib3 homib3, concordatu est « puisu, qd 

XXVlt. EDWARD L 215 

occupy themselves, there be aasi^ed certain lawful per- 
sons sworn for this purpose, to examine and search all mer- ^®"^^ ^ 
chants as well in ship as without, if they cajiy or have »uch gearch foreign 
false moneys, and money of which there is suspicion of morchwit«. 
badness, be forthwith assayed by the half ounce. And if it 
shall appear that the pound of that money be not worth False money 
one mark or more, then that money which is so found false 
be seized and safe kept by said searchers, until by the 
King's Council they shall be otherwise commanded about 
it, and it appear in the Exchequer if it ought to be forfeited 
to the King or not. Moneys however, of which one pound 
is worth one mark or more, and also all other 
moneys of silver now sci^ttered and commonly used 
in this land, unless they be split or broken beyond 
the middle, shall be current through the whole land, 
until it shall be otherwise ordained therein. And be* 
cause it is common fame that such mefrchants carry and 
bring away money of the lord the King and pure silver 
out of this land, to exchange in foreign parts for false 
money to be brought into these part^ : it is provided and 
ordained that the said searchers examine and search ships, 
mariners, merchants and others whomsoever, and do llot 
permit the King's money or any other pure silver to beTheKing'i 
carried out of this land to make any exchange, or to use PJ^"®^ .°^' ^ 
other merchandise, except for reasonable expenses of the away, 
said mariners and merchants; and saving to magnates 
dwelling elsewhere the issues of their lands, which they 
have in this land, to be brought or sent to them, according 
as thereof shall be ordained by the King's Council here. 

Afterward in the week of Pentecost, the lord the King 
directed his writ patent upon this to his Justiciar here, as 
appears below in the rolls of that term. 

Also having heard a complaint of the communitiee of RegulationB 
divers counties, for that servants, ploughmen, carters, "" ^ ienranU 
threshers, and other their servants refuse to serve about wage*.*" 
the services for which they were accustomed to serve, on 
account of the fertility of the present year ; there having 
been called from divers cotmties, the knights and other 


huiusmodi .^ientes desemiant sicut solebant « cu dnis sais 
stent, cu quib3 prius stePunt, <)^ pcipiant liBacones 9s stipendia, 
siciit aliis annis solebant, nee liceat alicui dno dare uel liBare 
fainulis suis maiores litSacones vel ampliora stipendia, q^ 
dari solebat in prLi, qua morant^ Nee alicui liceat allopare 
seu teRe ?uient€ vel ancillam vicini sui seu alPius sine voluntate 
illius cu quo prius stePat, et qui cont^iie^it alPi ista^ ordinaconu, 
cadat in miam dni Regf ad niin^ de diuiidia m'^rca q'^m vie loci 
statim leuabit, <« restituant n^omin^ lesis dampna sua. Et 
viceeomites similiP in balliuis suis tarn infra liBtatem q*m ext» 
fjmunient huiusmodi ^uientes « ancillas cuiuscuq^ condiconis 
qui nolfiint vel contempdetint .^uire conf^ ^dcas puisiones, qd p 
p^sonam punienf iux* deiSita «f omib5 modi[sp aliis, quib3 fJdci 
^dcecomites viderint expedire. £t fiat inde pclamaco, in quatt 
villa nJe[at] ^ feria <rc. Et hoc mandatu est tam viceoomitib5 
q^m Senescallis liBtatu %c. 

Inhibitu est etiam sicuc antiquit' fieri eonsueuit, qd porci de 
cefo non pascant in Corraghto de Kildar, quod eat comis 
pisturti *c. in solo dni Reg(\ Et vie puuiat illos, qui porcos 
suos fugent uel heani ibi fodientes uel paseenles, prius p miam, 
% lK>stea p amissom porco)^ illo]^ ^ g*uius si sepius sic 

Audita alias peticone Maioris % BalliuoJ^ Giuitatis Regf Cork, 
de eo qd habent allocacom in Sc*cio de xii. libr, ix. s. * qHuor 
den, quos soltiut p |{eeptu Kegf p fretto cuiusdam nauis que 
vocata fuit le Snack « p victualib5 in ea positis, ad f^suehend 
in Yascon, ad ex^citu K tuc ibidni existent^. Que quideni 
nauis in Itifie illo sine culpa alicuius a casu piclitata fuit cu 

^ Torn. 


good and lawful mcii, it is agreeil and providexl that such 
6orvant€ should serve as they were accustomed, and should 
s1:ay with their lords with whom they stayed before, and 
receive the liveries and wages as in other years they 
were accustomed ; nor is it permitted to any lord to give 
or deliver to his servants greater liveries or larger wages 
than was accustomed to be given in the country where they 
dwell. Nor is it permitted to anyone to draw away or keep 
a servant or maid of his neighbour or of another, without 
the will of him with whom he stayed before. And whoso 
shall contravene either of these ordinances, let him fall !n 
amercement of the lord the King, at least of half a mark 
which the sheriff of the place shall forthwith levy, and 
nevertheless they shall restore their damages to the injured 
persons. And sheriffs likewise in their bailiwicks, as well 
within liberty as without, shall warn such servants and 
maids, of whatsoever condition, who are unwilling or refuse 
to serve, contrary to the aforesaid provisions, that they 
shall be punished by prison according to their deserts, and 
in all other ways, in which the said sheriffs may see to be 
expedient. And let proclamation be made thereof in each 
m^ket town, fair, &c. And this is coiumanded as well to 
sheriffs as to seneschals of liberties, &c. 

It is forbidden also, as anciently was accustomed Against swine 
to be done, that swine henceforth feed in the Curragh Jf^'*"^' *" ^ 
of Kildare, which is common pasture, &c., in the soil of Kiklaip. 
the lord the King. And let the sheriff punish those who 
drive their swine or have them there rooting or feeding, 
first by amercement and afterward by lose of those swine, 
and more heavily if they more often so offend. 

Having heard at another time a petition of the mayor Allowance to 
and bailiffs of the King's city of Cork, for that they should Mayor of 
have allowance in the Exchequer of 121. 9s. 4e/. which they certain 
paid by the King's precept for freight of a certain ship '"^^K**** *®' 
which was called the Snack and for victuals placed in her, 
to be conveyed into Gascony to the King's army then 
being there; which ship was in that voyage, without 



^dcis yictualibj et similiP qd Lament allocacbm in ^dco ScNsio 
de octo m*rcis % duob3 solid, quos similiP solfint ad repacom 
Gttole de Cork p bre R de Sc*cio, sub testio Nichi de Clere 
tunc Thes «c ; concordatum fuit qd magr Thomas Cantok 
Canoellarius %c p pbos % leg homles de ptib3 ^dcis no suspectos 
*c inquireret inde plenius ^itatem, qui p sacrm pboj^ *c inde 
fecit mquisicbm *c que dicit qd ^dci maior % Balliui solfint 
xii. ti. ix s. % qHuor den p fretto ^dce nauis « p victualib5 in 
ea missis #sus Vascon occone f dca et qd jJdca nauis in Itifte 
illo piclitata fuit cum oiTiib5 reb3 in ea existentib3 in la Brade- 
pulle in portu Bristolt sine culpa alicuius. Et e[tiam]^ qd 
^dci maior % Balliui p ^ceptu dni ft p ^dcm bre solfiut octo 
niarcas % duos solid ad rep[acom]' ^dce Gaole p manus 
RotSti Pult»m « Elye Sage conciuiu suo^ tc. To tieant inde 

allocacbm ^ ex assensu « consensu tocius 

coDsilii «c. 

Concordatu est %c. qd Prior Olm ScoJ^ iux» Dubtn Jleat q*tur>r 
magnas quercus in for . . . ^ Regis de Glencry ad repacom 
molendini sui « Pontis ^sus Steyne %c. ad vtilitatem [transe]^ 
unciu %c. 

Kyldai. Concordatu est p Justic % consiliu qd de cePo denf Con- 

stabulary Cast dni Regis Kyldar quod [est in]^ Marchia p 
custodia eiMem Cast p annu p ^eodo suo viginti libre. Et vie 
Com ei'dem p feod[o suo per] ^ annu decern libre fJP feodii 
quod capit p turnis suis in |Jdco Comitatu. 


kXVII. EDWARD i. 219 

fault of anyone, by chance lost, with the said vic- 
tuals. And likewise that they should have allowance in 
said Exchequer, of 8 marks and 2 shillings, which likewise 
they paid towards the repair of the gaol of Cork, by King's Repair of 
writ from the Exchequer, under the te^e of Nicholas de ^ ^^ ' 
Cleona then treaaurer, <fec. It waa a^eed that master 
Thomas Oamtok the chancellor, &c., by good and lawful 
men of said parta not suspected, &c., should enquire more 
fully the truth of the matter. Who by the oath of good, &c., 
made enquiry thereof, &c., who say that the said mayor 
and bailiffs paid 121. 9«. 4^. for freight of said ship, and 
for victuals sent in her towards Gaiscony on the occasion 
aforeoaid. And that said ship in that voyage was 
lost, with all things in her, in the Bradepulle in the 
port of Bristol, without fault of anyone. And also that 
the said mayor and bailiffs, by the lord the King's precept 
by the said writ, paid 8 marks and 2 shillings towards the 
repair of said gaol, by the hands of Robert Pultram and 
Elias Sage, their fellow citizens, &c. Therefore let them 
have allowance thereof, . . .^ . by assent and consent 
of the whole council, &c. 

It is agreed, &c., that the Prior of All Saints near Dublin p^^j, ^f x]i 

have four great oaks in the King's forest of Glencree for Saints, to 

hav6 oaks 
the repair x>f his mill and bridge towajrds Steyn, &c., for the fromGlenoree. 

use of passengers, &c. 

It is agreed by the Justiciar and Council that from ^^ ^f ^j^^ 
henceforth there be given to the constable of the castle of constable of 
the lord the King at Kildare, which [is in the] march, for 
custody of the same castle by the year, for his fee, twenty 
pounds; and to the sheriff of the same county for his fee 
[by the] year, ten pounds, besides the fee which he takes 
for his turns in the said county. 


27 EDWARD T. A.D. 1299. 


[Justiciary Roll, 27 Ed. L m. 31, and 
Red Book op the Exchequer in Ireland, fol. 66]. 
|SrS Rex mandauit Jiistic hie die Mart in septimana 
Penthecost bi^e suu patens in hec verba. 
Mon«t. Edward par la grace de dieu Rey Dengletere, seignur 

Dirlaund, e Due Daqtiit, a son chier e feal Johan Wogan 
Justiee Dirlaund salus, For ceo qe iire Realme, e les autres 
teres de iire seignurie, sent I'^plenies de difises malueises 
money es, qe sont appelez Pollarz, Crokarz, e par autres nouns, 
les queles sont portees e mises en dyt Realme e aillors en iire 
poer par di&ses genlz de la outre, e le3ms despendues difisement 
a g*unt damage de nous e de tut nre poeple, nous par comiin 
assentement des Prela«, des Countes, e des Barouns de meisme 
le Realme, auoms sur ceo ordene e establi i-emedye, solonc les 
articles, qi sensuent. Premerement qe nul desormes tieus 
money es ne porte, en le dit iire Realme, ne aillors en iire poer, 
sour forfeture de vie e des biens, e de q*nt qU porra forfaire 
Issint tote veies, qe tutes gentz de queqe tere, ou de queuqe 
pays il seynt, pussent sauuement porter a iire Cheaunge, totes 
maneres de monoye de bon argent, de queuqe eoyn de la outre, 
ou de queuqe value qe eles seint, saunz ceo qeles soyent 
forfetes. E por ceo qe cest establissement valer ne porra, si 
bieu ne seit meintenu, ordene est qe bone garde e estreite se 
face, en tous les liuz sur la costere de la mer, es pors, e aillors, 
ou nule manere de ariuaille est, par boens e leans Juretz qe 
ceaus qi tieles, ou autres mauueises monoyes, porteront, 
arrestent one mesmes les monoyes, e oue tut ceo qil aueront, e 
qe mesme eels enuoyent a celui ou a oeaux qi de par no^ 
poer auera, ou auei-ont^ por faire iuyse de eaux. Mes cesti 
poer pur ceo qe no' ne sumes pas vncore auisez, queu maner 
de iuyse notis en voudronis faire, auonis no' retenu a nous 

XXVn. EDWARD I. 221 

27 EDWARD I. A.D. 1299. 

THE lord the King sent to the Justiciar here on Tuesday 
in the week of Pentecost, his writ patent in these 
words : — 

Edward by the grao© of God, King of England, lord Monejr. 
of Ireland and Duke of Aquitaine, to his beloved 
and faithful John Wogan, Justiciar of Ireland, greeting. 
Whereas our realm and the other lands of our seignory are 
filled with divers bad moneys, which are called Polla/rdi^, 
Crohards, and by other names, which are brought and 
sent into the said realm and elsewhere within our juris- 
diction, by divers persons from abroad, and therein 
diversely expended, to the great injury of us and all our 
people, we, by common assent of the prelates, earls, and 
bajrons of the fjaid realm, have thereupon ordained and 
established a remedy according to the articlee following: — 

In the first place, that no one hereafter bring such FalRe monej 
moneys into the said realm, or elsewhere within our juris- f^po^t^d on 
diction, on forfeiture of life and goods, and of whatever forfeiture of 
he can forfeit; so always that all persons, of whatsoever ^^^^ ^^ "' 
land or country they be, may safely bring to our exchange 
all manner -of money, of good silver, of whatsoever coin, 
from abroad, or of whatsoever value they be, without their 
being forfeited. 

And inasmuch as this ordinance cannot avail if it be not Wardens at 
well maintained, it is ordained that good and strict guard appointed, to 
be kept in all places on the sea coast, at the ports and enforce this 
elsewhere, where any manner of arrival takes place, by 
good and lawful men sfwom, who shall arrest those that 
•bring such or other bad moneys, with the said moneys, and 
with all that they shall have, and shall send them to him 
or them, who on our behalf, shall have power to do judg- 
ment on them. But this power, inasmuch as we are not yet 
advised what manner of judgment we will do therein, we 
have reserved to ourselvee. 


mesmes. E volonis q'^iint al arrest auauntdit, qil ne face en 
ceste manere. Cest a savoir qe la ooniunaute de chescun port 
elise deus boens e leaus hoenis de ineame le Port por*les queus 
les elisours voudront respoundre, qi cue les baillifs de meeme 
le Port arrestent e cerchent leaument e saimz desport touz 
ceaus qi ariueront denz leui-s gardes, e tut ceo qil porteront, e 
les cors de ceaus qil troiieront qi tieles ou autres mauueises 
monoyes aueront portez eiiuoyeiit saimz delay a nrc chief 
prisoun du Counte en quel il serront aiiuez. E voloms e 
couiaundoms, qe lo gardein de mesme la prisoun les receyne-e 
sauuement les ga.rde, tant qe no^ sachoms la manere du fait, 
e qe nous sur ceo eyoms maunde iire volente. E la monoye e 
autre argent sil yeit deyuent mesmes les gardeins enueier 
6 lyuerer a iire g*unt cfaaunge, e des autres biens eaiis mesmes 
charger e respoundre a iire Escheker. Dautrepart ix>r ceo qe 
nous auoras entendu, qe len contrefait par de la le bon ester- 
lingc de malueis e de fans metal por pins g'Hmt damage faire 
a nre Realme auaimtdit ; nous auoms ensement ordene, qe 
touB ceaus qi esterlings i)oi'teront de la outi*e, en mesme le 
Realme, ou aillors en nre iK)er, de^aient bailler, e bail lent 
mesmes ceaus esterlings as ditz gardeins des Pors ou il 
ariueront. E qe mesmes ceaus gardeins suz leui-s seaus, 
e suz le seaux de ceaus qi les porteront. e par bon 
temoignage des bones gentz de mesmes les Pons les enuoyent 
tauntost as ^cheins assayonrs, q assignez serront par no' pur 
le assay faire dc la monoye. E deiuent mesmes les gardeins 
enuoyer les cors, oue les deners, sauuement e en curteise 
manere. E si les assaiors trossent les deners bons e leaus en 
poys e en argent e en tutes autres choses, solonc la vyel 
estaundard Dengletere, meintenaunt desarestent les cora e lour 
delyurent les deners qil aueront ensi portez. E si faus soyent 
tronez, forfe« soyent, e les core a nre volente. Derechef 
ordene est qe nul desorraes de nre Realme ne de nre poer, ne 


And as to the arrest aforesaid, we will that it be made Arr«t and 
in this wise, namely, that the community of evei^ port ^ * 
choose two good and lawfid men of the said port, for whom 
the electors will answer, who with the bailiffs of the same 
port, shall arrest and searoh faithfully and without favour, 
all those who shall arrive within their wards, and all that 
they shall bring, and the bodies of those whom they shall 
find, who shall have brought such or other bad moneys, 
they shall send without delay to our chief prison of the 
county wherein they shall iarrive. And we will and com- 
mand that the keeper of the said prison receive and safely 
guard them, until we be informed of the manner of the 
fact, and have thereupon made known our pleasure. And 
the money and other silver, if any there be, the same 
wardens ought to send and deliver to our great Ex- 
change, and to charge themselves with the other 
goods and to answer at our Exchequer. Moreover, 
whereas we have heard that the good sterlings are 
counterfeited beyond these parts, with base and false Foreign 
metal, to the very great injury of our realm afore^ JSivwed U)^^ 
said, we have also ordained that all thoee who shall bring the Wardeni, 
sterlinga from abroad into the said realm or elsewhere 
within our jurisdiction, ought and do hand over the said 
sterlings to the said wardens of the ports where they shall and examined 
arrive. And that the same wardens under their seals and ^ "^^ye"- 
the seals of those who shall bring them, and by faithful 
testimony of good men of the said ports, shall send 
ihem at once to the nearest aseayers, who shall be 
assigned by us to make the assay of money. And the said 
wardens ought to send the bodies, with the money, safely 
and in a courteous maimer. And if the assayars find the 
money good and lawful in weight and in silver, and in. all 
other things aocording to the old standard of England, 
then they shall discharge the bodies from arrest, and 
shall deliver to them the money which they shall have 
so brought. And if they be found false, they shall be for- FaUe money 
feited and the bodies be at our will. 

Moreover, it is ordained that from hemcef ortb no one of Wools, tin, 

our realm or of our jurisdiction sell or part with wool, only for good 



vende ne lesse leynes, ne quyrs, ne peaus, ne plum, no esteim 
fore qe pur boens e leaus esterlings, ou pur plates^ dargent 
assae e merche a iire g^unt eschaunge, ou en eschaunge de bon 
e de leal, e de suffisaunte marchaundise. E si nul le fait autre- 
ment e de ceo seit ateint par lea ditz gardeins ou par autrcs 
do nos mmistres, qe les choses ensint vendues ou lessees, 
nous seyent forfaites. Oiicore est oitlene qe nule bone monoye 
dargent de nre coyn ne dautri ne nul argent en plates,' ne en 
autre manere, ne isse, ne jwrte ne seit hors de nre Reaime, ne 
hors de nre poer en les parties de la outre saunz especial congie 
de nous, sor la peyne desusdite. E a ceste chose garder 
ensemblement oue les autres poins auauutdis ; deiuent mesmes 
les gardeins mettre diligence e peyne en tutes les bones maneres 
qil porront. E ceaus mesmes auaunt qil receiuent la garde 
auauntdite deiuent iurer deuaunt les vescontes ou deuaunt loer 
chiefs gardeins la ou il ne sent as vescontes respouauns qil feront 
tendront e gardront leaument e saunz nule laschesse taunt com 
en eaus est, tot ceo qe a ceste garde apartient, solonc la 
fourme auauntdite. E sil facent reles ou desport a nuly pur 
doun ou pur fauour, ou en aacune autre mauere, e de ceo 
seient atein«; qil soient en foifaiture de vie e q*unt qil ount. 
Derechef coui ord«ne seit, qil yeit table a Doure e aillors, ou 
nous ovdeneroms passages ft^ynes por chaunger despenses 
necessayres as alauns e as venauns ; si auoms ia assigne Johan 
Bellard Johan Galleys e leurs compaignons a tenyr table a 
Doure de par nous de tute manere des monoyes, E voloms 
qil facent iloeqs chaunge }X)r despenses necessaires as alauDx la 
outre e as venauua de dela par reue e p temoignage du countre 
roulur, qi no' ymettroms. E qe totes gentz qe vendront de la 
outre, portauua monoye qe curt en poer le Rey de flfhmce 

^ Statute Roll (Engl.) reads plaie. The word appears to have been used 
for bar or sheet gold and silver. In later Statutes " plate" would seem 
to indicate wrought or flattened metal — a more strictly accurate use of 
the wrrd — derived as it is from a common origin with irXarvc, our own 
word jUfxt. an'l the Spanish plata. See Cripps* Old Englith PlatCy p, 30. 


leather, hides, lead or tin| except for good and lawful ster- 
lings or for silver plates, assayed and marked at our great 
Exchange, or in exchange for good and lawful and suffi- 
cient merchandise. And if anj do otherwise and be thereof 
attainted by the said wardens, or by other our officers, that 
the things thus sold or parted with be forfeited to us. 

Furthermore, it is ordained that no good money of silver Coin, silver 
of our coin or of any other, nor any silver in platee or^t*tobe ' 
otherwise, issue, or be carried or be out of our realm, or out exported, 
of our jurisdiction into parts abroad, ivithout special leave 
of us, under the penalty aforesaid. And for observance of 
this matter, together with the other pointe aforesaid, the 
said wardens should use diligence and pains by every proper 
means in their power. And these same, before they 
.receive the said wardenship, ought to swear before the^**^°' 
sheriffs, or before their chief wardens in places where they 
are not answerable to the sheriffs^ that th^ will do, keep 
and observe faithfully and without any neglect, so far as in 
them is, all that to this wardenship appertains, according 
to the form aforesaid.. And if they release or spare any, 
for gift or favour, or in any other manner, and of this be 
attainted, that they incur forfeiture of life and of ail they 

Moreover, as it is ordained that there be at Dover and Exchange 

tables at 
elsewhere, where we shall ordain fixed places of passage, a Dover, &c. 

table to change what is for necessary expenses to those 
going and coming; We have therefore assigned John Bel- 
lard, John Galleys and their companions, to hold a table at 
Dover on our behalf, of all manner of money. And we will 
that they give there change for necesBary expenses to those 
going abroad, and to those coming from thence, by view 
and testimony of a controller, whom we shall send there. 
And that all persons who shall come from abroad, bringing 
money which is current in the jurisdiction of the King of 


portent mesme la monoye a la dito table e Uoeqs receiuent al 
auenaunt de la monoye qe curt en nre Realme. E sil seyent 
trouez nule part aillors one tiele moneye qe mesme la monoye 
nous seit forfait e le forfet tourae a la dite table a nre oes. 
For quoy nous vo' maundoms fermemt enioynauns ke 
meintenaunt veuue cestes lettres tuz les articles e poins avaont 
ditz facez crier e pupler en cytes b'^gs viles marchaundes 
por» e en tou» autres lieus par my vre baillie p la ou v^ #rez 
q seit a fere e gardeins establir e iurer a oeste nre ordenaunce 
tenir e garder en la furme susdite sur les peines en meismes 
ceste fourme contenues. Donees a Stebenheth le quinzime 
Jour de May le an de n r xxyii"^.. 

28 EDWARD I. A.D. 1300. 

[JusTiciART Roll, 28 Edward I. m. 27d.y 
Q £T cduocatis illis qui sunt de cosilio dni K in Hi^n tam Epis 
O q^m aliis nuc degStib3 in Pra ilia reooixlatii est p omes 
nnanimiP qd cosuetudo in Hibii vsitata de bonis testato]^ talis 
est qd vbi inP viru et vSem pies restat suscitata bona 
testatoris equaliP erut t^ptita inf vini vx et plem deductia 
p^us debitis ronabUiP deduoendi& Et si pies no supest tuc 
bona testatoris inP viru et v^em oonsitr erut equaliP biptita. 

* The circumBtancee which led ix> this authoritative pronouncement of 
the custom of Ireland regarding the goods of a testator will be found 
fully set out in Sweetman's Calendar of DocumerUs reUUing to Irdand, 
1293-1301, pp. 346-3. The suit in which the question arose was that of 
William de Calne and Rohesia, his wife, against Reginald de Dene, and 
the prooeedings are calendared from a Coram Beat Roll, Edward L Na 
162, Ro. 41. 

A writ commanding the Justiciar of Ireland to distrain the defendant^ 
together with the above stf^tement of the custom, is all that appears in the 
justiciary Roll. 


France, bring the eame money to the said table, and there 
that they receive instead money which is current in our 
reaJm. And if they be found anywhere else with such 
money, that the said money be forfeited to ua, and the 
forfeit turned to the said table for our use. 

Wherefore we command you, firmly enjoyning that 
forthwith upon sight of these letters, you cause to be pro- 
claimed and published all the articles and points aforesaid 
in the cities, burghs, market-towns, ports, and in all 
other places throughout your bailiwick, where you shall 
see that it ought to be done, and establish wardens and 
^swear them to hold and observe this our ordinance in 
form aforesaid under the penalties in this same form con- 
tained. Given at Stepney the fifteenth day of May in the 
27th year of our reign. 

28 EDWARD I. A.D. 1300. 

BUT those being called togetheir who are of the Coun- Custom of 
cil of the Lord the King in Ireland, as wt^l thej^°^j"^*° 
bishops as others now dwelling in that land. It is testified testator, 
by all unanimously, that the custom used in Ire- 
land as to the goods of testators is such, that where ofi*- 
spring begotten, between a man and wife survive, the goods 
of the testator shall be divided equally into three parts, 
between the man, the wife, and the offspring, debts reason- 
ably to be deducted being first deducted. And if iseue do 
not survive, then the goods of the testator shall in like 
manner be equally divi4e4 i&to two part^ betw^n the man 
and the wif a 




28 EDWARD I. A.D. 1300. 

Sufasidia r\^S Rex mandauit bre suu in hoc verba. Edwardus del 

gra Rex Angt Dns Hibn « Dux Aquit Comitibj 

[Justiciary Roll, 28 Edward L m, 2/1] 

Flacita de Parliamento Dubhi a die Paach in xv. dies anno 

R 9: E. xxviii* 

6aroiiib3 niilitib3 % cefis fidelib3 suis p terrain Hi^n con- 
stitutis saltm. Sciatis qd cum ad saluacbem Corone nre regie 
cdem(^ regni nri % f'ra]^ xira^ yUlitatem iam ordinafiimus % 
eciam pponamus esse in pximo f«8to Natiuitads hi JoHis Bapte 
apud Karliolu cum equis « armis % subsidio magnatum % pceru 
nr(^ ad pficisoend exinde ad rebellions Scot(^ inimico^ % 
rebelliu nn^ cam del auxilio rep^mendam, ad quod negociu 
comodius exequend vro auxilio % subsidio indigem^ dit % fid 
nros Johem Wogan Justic nrm % magrm Thorn de Cantok 
Canoellariu nrm Hibii, vna cum Baronib3 de Sc*cio Dubtn 
assignauimus ad petend % i-equirend noie iiro a voB « qaoh 
yf m, subsidiu quod ad tarn ardui negocii felicem cdsumaconem 
ac nri « vri cOmodu « honorem videbitur oportimu et ad omia 
alia « singula . . .^ que ^fati Justic Cane % Barones sen 
aliqui ex ipis quos ad hoc vacare conti^t sup ^missis « ea 
conting6tib3 viderint facienda. In cujus rei testimoniu has tras 
iiras fieri fecimus patentes. T. meifk> apud Bljdam xviii 
d[ie]^ Januar anno regni mi vicesimo octauo. Mandauit 
% consimilia bria omibj Ciyitatib3 % Burgis p totam HiBn. 
ppp que Justic sum fecit gefiale parliamentum apud Dubtn in 
quindena Pascfi, videlt qd Prelati « magn[ates]^ omes venirent 


XXVni. EDWARD I. 229 

28 EDWARD I. A.D. 1300. 

PLEAS of Parliament at Dublin in fifteen dayi from 
the day of Easter, in the 28th year of the redgn 
of King Edward. 
The lord the King sent his writ in these words: Subsidy of 
Edwaid by the grace of God, king of England, lord of Ire- ^^^^^ 
land^ and duke of Aquitaine, to the earls, barons, knights 
and other his faithful people established through the land 
of Ireland, greeting. Know that whereaa for the safety of 
our royal crown, and the common advantage of our king^ 
dom and of our lands, we have now ordained, and also we 
purpose to be, on the next feast of the Nativity of 
S. John the Baptist, at Carlisle^ with horses and arms and 
support of our magnates and commandena, to set out thero- 
from to repress with the help of Grod the rebellion, of the 
Scotch enemies and our rebels; for the more successful exe- 
cution of which business we need your assistance and aid. 
We have assigned our beloved and faithful John Wogam 
our justiciar, and master Thomas de Cantok our chancellor 
of Ireland, with the barons of the Exchequer at Dublin, to 
ask and request in our name from you and each of you, the 
subsidy which shall appear suitable to the successful issue 
of so serious an undertaking, and to the advantag^e and 
honor of us and you, and for ail and singular other things 
which the aforesaid Justiciar^ Chancellor and Barons or 
any of them (who happen to have leisure for this) may see 
necessary to be done in the premises, and what relates 
thereto. In witness whereof we have caused these our 
letters to be made patent. Witness myself at Blyth, the 
18th day of January, in the 28th year of our reign. 

He sent also like writs to ail cities and burghs 
throughout the whole of Ireland. 

On account of which, the Justiciar caused to be sum- Parliftment 

moned a general Parliament at Dublin in the quinzainc of ""i^moned to 

meet at 
Easter, viz. : that the prelates and the magnates should all Dublin. 


ibi in pp^ia psonis %c et qd Coitates Comitatua per duos tree 
Tel quatuor ad hoc p ifkM electos % specialem potestatem 
ftentes ac si omes fuiasent ^sentes % sitr Coitates Ciuitatom % 
Burgof p duos vel tres «c. Set Justic ante pliamtu illiid 
decreuit alloqui Maiores « pbiores holes Civitatu « Burgi^ 
occone ^dci snbsidii. Et p^mo venit a^ Drogheda scitt in 
yigit dnice in Ramis Palm, vbi porrectis tris dni ^ Maiori % 
Coitati "BvLVg^ illius p ipm dnm ^ directis % hito cu eis sup 
biis diligenti tractatu ^dci Maior Bal[ti]i % Coitas ex rtN^ pte 
aqae ad pSend beniuolencia dni ^ % gram de ficandisis que 
emerut p mone[ta8]^ inhibitaa "ic, optulerut dno R CC % Ix 
mr unde sup villam ex pte vriel CC mF « sup villam ex pte 
mid Ix mr. Et exinde ^fatus Justic circuiuit Ciuitates % 
Burgos %c. Et Maior Balti « Coitas Ciuitatis Dubhi oonces- 
serunt dno ^ ad ^dcm subsidiQ CC mf^. Et Coitas Burgi 
Comitis Norff de Ros concesserunt dno ^ ad ^dcm subsidiu 
xl tL Et Ciuitas ^ WaPford C mi". Et villata de Kilmydan 
in eodem Com sot. Et villata de Athmethan in eodem Com 
C s. Et villata de Stratbaly in eodem Com quinc^ Centenas 
pisciu precii C i. Et villata de Dnngaruan in eodem Cofi 
quindeci Centenas pisciu prec xv ti. E Coitas Ciuitatis 1^ 
Ljmer xl mr. Et villata de Imelagli in eodem Com xx mr. Et 
Ciuit[as]i K de Cork CClx mr. Et villata Gilbti fit Thome 
de Clare del Yoghul in eodS Cofti xl ti « q^nq^ Centenas pisciu 
precii C sot. Et villata Archie^i Casselt de Casseli in Cofi 
Typar xx liB. Et villata Otonis de Grandisono de Clomele 

I Obliterated. 

XXVIII. fiDWAllD 1. 2dl 

come there in their own persons, &c , and that the com- 
munities of the counties by two, three or four, elected for 
this by themselves, and having special authority as if all 
were present, and likewise the communities of the cities 
and burghs by two or three, &c. 

But the Justidaa: before that parliament decided to Prior to it, 
apeak with the mayor, and good men of the cities «k1 ^^^^2^ 
burghs, on account of the aforesaid subsidy. And first he with Mayon, 
came to Drogheda, viz. : in the vigil of Palm Sunday, 
where having exhibited the letters of the lord the King Droghediu 
directed by the King himself to the mayor and community 
of that burgh, and having had diligent treaty with them 
upon these matters, the af oreeaid mayor, bailiffs, and com- 
munity on each side of the river, for the purpose of earning 
the goodwill of the lord the King, and favour concerning 
merchandise which they had bought with forbidden money, 
&c., presented to the lord the King 260 marks, of which 
upon the town at the Uiiel side 200 marks, and uj^n the 
town at the Meath side 60 marks. 

And from Uience the said Justiciar went round the Orants 
cities and burghs, &c. And the mayor, bailiffs, and com- ^^^^ **** 
munity of the city of Dublin granted to the lord the King 
towards the aforeeaid subsidy 200 marks. And the com- 
munity of the earl of Norfolk's burgh of Ro9 granted to 
the lord the King towards the aforesaid subsidy 40^. And 
the King's city of Waterford 100 marks. And the town 
of Kilmeadan in same county 100«. And the town of 
Affane in same county lOOs. And the town of Stradbally 
in the same county 5 hundred of fish of the value of 100«. 
And the town of Dungarvan in same county 15 hundred 
of fish of the value of 15/. And the community 
of the King's city of Limerick 40 marks. And 
the town of Emly in the same county 20 marks. 
And the King's city of Cork 260 marks. And Gilbert, 
son of Thomas de Clare's town of the Youghal, in the 
same county 40Z, and 5 hundred of fish of the value of 100«. 
And the archbishop ci Caahel's town of Caahel in county 
Tipperary 20/. And Oto de Orandison's town of donniel 


xii mr. Et villata Prions de Athisshil de Athissil v mr. £t 
Yillata QL del Carrik xl s. £t villata de Artfynan in eodem 
Com pr^ teneteB Hospital: xl s. Et yillata del Nanagti xl s. 
Ei yillata de Moydrifny i mr. Et villata de Thiirlis xl L Et 
villata de ffitherid x mr. Et villata de Moydissel in eode 
Com xl s. Et Burgas de Kilkenn xl fL 

Et postea ad ^dcm parliamentum ven Magnates % Coitates in 
forma demandata « di^sis^ de eis se exensantes a ^stando 
subsidio peciemnt qd Justic iret p prias « ipi libenP forent 
in auxiliti qd Coitates in ppriis psonis sois concederent 
se prestare snbsidiu « ipi magnates preP prelatos tuc 
ciim eis coutribuerent %c. Et Justic eis oonsenciens p^mo 
iuit apud Trjm in liBtate Galfri de GejneuOl ubi 
Coitas veniens, « tiito cum eis diligenti t*ctatu %c concesse- 
runt ad ^dcro subsidiu GO mr. Et in crastino Coitas 
CoiSn Midie veniens ibidem preP Crooeas «c oonoesserunt 
sitr «c 00 mi^. Et Coitas Crocea^ Midie preP tenentes 
A.bbatu de Mellifonte % Diueleek « Arcbiepi Ardmac xx ti. 
Et teuetes ^dci Archiepi in Midia de ten de Arkagli x mr. Et 
tenetes sui de Kilmoon x mr. Et tenStes ^dci Abbis de 
Mellefonte ex pte Midie xx ti. Et tenStes ^dci Abbis see 
Marie de Diueleek xl s. Et Coitas Coih Louetb preP tenStes 
^dc(^ Archiepi % Abbis de Mellifonte concesseiH^ «c, iiii™ ti. 
Et tenetes ^dci Arcbiepi in ^dco Com xx ti. Et tenentes 
f/dci Abbis in eodem Com xx ti. Et Coitas Com Dubhi preP 
libtates % tenentes religios « Croc C ti. Et tenentes Crocee 
Archiepat[us]^ Dubhi cum forinsecis tenStib3 de eodem food 

I So in MS. for diverti. 


12 marks. And the prior of Aihassel's town of Athaasel 
5 maxks. And the King's town of Cafnck 40«. And the 
town of Ardfinnan in same county, except the tenants of 
Hospital, 4Q«. And the town of the Nenagh 4Q«. And 
the. town of Modreeny 1 mark. And the town of Thnrles 
40«. And the town of Eethard 10 marks. And the town 
of Modeehil in same county 40«. And the burgh of Kil- 
kenny 40/. 

And afterwards came to the aforesaid Faarliament the Parliament 
magnates and communities in the manner commanded. And ^^ 
divers of them excusing themselves from giving a subsidy 
asked that the Justiciar should go through the countries, Justiciar 
and they would willingly asadst, that the communities in ^^^^ tour 
their own persons should grant that they would give the subsidy, in support of 
and the said magnates (except the prelates) would then 
contribute with them, &c. And the Justiciar consenting 
to them, went first to Trim in the liberty of Geoffrey de ^^7^"** ta 
Geynevill, where the community coming and diligent treaty from Meath. 
having been had with them, tkc, they granted towards the 
aforesaid subsidy 200 marks. And on the mjocrow, the 
community of the county of Meath (except the Crosses) 
coming there, <&c-, granted likewise, &c , L'OO marks. And the 
community of the Crosses of Meath (except the tenants of 
the abbots of Mellifont and Duleek and of the archbishop 
of Armagh) 20^. And the tenants of the aforesaid archbishop 
in Meath, of the tenement of Arkagh, 10 marks. And 
his tenaints of Kilmoon 10 marks. And the tenants of the 
aforesaid abbot of Mellifont on the aide of Meath 201. 
And the tenants of the aforesaid abbot of S. Mary of 
Duleek 40«. And the community of the county Louth 
(except the tenants of the aforesaid archbishop and abbot 
of Mellifont) granted, kc., SOL And the tenants of the 
aforesaid archbishop in the aforesaid county 20^. And 
the tenants of the aforesaid abbot in same county 20Z. 

And the community of the county Dublin (except liber Qrants from 
ides and tenants of religious houses and Crosses) lOOZ. ^^I'l'''- 
And the tenants of the Cross of the archbishopric of Dublin^ 


preP villam sci Sepulchri Dubtn C mr. Et teaentes Prions 
sci Johis extra Novam portam Dubtn xl s. Et tenStes Prions 
see Triaitatis Dubtn C s. Et tenStes AbBis see Marie Dubtn 
xl s. Et tenStes Abbatisse del Hogges Dubtn ii mr. £t 
tenentes Orooee ffemen xii mr. Et tenetes Crocee Legblinen 
vi mr. Et tenetes Crooee Ossor xz mr. Et Coitas libertatis 
Weys iiii" mr. Et tenentes de Offelmeth in liBtate Eathert 
preP AbBias . . ^ ti. Et tenentes Jo^ de Hastynges de 
Oboy in eadem liBtate iiii mr. Et tenentes de Obargy in 
eadem liBtate cum villata de Eathert x mr. Et tenentes de 
ffotherid in eadem liBtate xx mr. Et tenStes de Odroon in 
eadem liBtate xx mr. Et tenentes libtatis Elilkenn C tL Et 
Coitas Com Kildar C mr. Et Coitas Coin WaPford preP 
^dcas villatas C ti. Et Coitas Com Cork pref villas nicatorias 
CC tL Et Coitas Coin Lyme? pre? villas flcator CC mr. Et 
Coitas Com Typar ^ villas mercator CC tL Et villata de 
Athdare in Com Lyme? v m?. Et villata de Bathgel in 
eodem Com xl s. Et viUata de Inskefty xl s. Et villata de 
Ardagli in eodem Com xl s. Et villata de Cromoth in 
eodem Com v m?. Et villata de Kilme . . \ £t villata 
de Dermochi in eode Cofh i m?, Et villata de Natberla . . ^ 
Et villata de Any xl s. Et vUlata de Grene xx s. Et villata 


ixvin. EDWARD 1. 235 

with outside tenants of that fief (except the vill of S. 
Sepulchre, Dublin) 100 marka And the tenants of the 
prior of S. John outside the New Gate Dublin, 40«. And 
the tenants of the prior of the Holy Trinity, Dublin, 100«. 
And the tenants of the abbot of S. Mary, Dublin, 40«. 
And the tenants of the abbess of the Hogges, Dublin, 2 

And the tenants of the Cross of Ferns 12 marks. And Crossee of 
the tenants of the Croe© of Leighlin 6 marks. And the LejgiJiiij^ ^nd 
tenants of the Cross of Ossory 20 marks. And the com- Ossory. 
munity of the Liberty of Wexford 80 marks. And the Wexford, 
tenants of Ui Felme in the liberty of Carlow (except the 
abbeys) [lOZ].^ And the tenants of John de Hastynges, of 
Oboy in same liberty, 4 marks. And the tenants of Ui 
Bairche in same liberty, with the town of Carlow 10 marks. 
And the tenants of Forth in same liberty 20 marks. And 
the tenants of Idrone in same liberty 20 marks. And the 
tenants of the liberty of Kilkenny 1001. And the com- Kilkenny, 
munity of the county Kildare 100 marks. And the com- Kildare. 
munity of the county Waterfo(rd (except the aforesaid Waterford. 
towns) lOOZ. And the community of the County Cork Cork, 
(except the market towns) 200/. And the community of 
the county Limerick (except the market towns) 200 marks. Co. Limeriok. 
And the community of the county Tipperary (except the Tipperary, 
market towns) 200/. And the town of Adare, in county * 
Limerick, 5 marks. And the town of BathkeaJe in. same 
county 40«. And the town of Askeaton 40«. And the 
town of Ardagh in the same county 40«. And the town 
of Croom in the same county 5 marks. And the town of 
Kilmallock [in same county, 20/].^ And the town of Dermochi 
(Darragh) in same county 1 mark. And the town of Aherlow 
[2 marks] ^ And the town of Aney 40«. And the town of 

1 Supplied from Pipe Roll, 81 Ed. I.,. No. 82, which contains aocountB 
of the collection ol this suhsidy. 


de . . . 1 . Efc sciend qd tenStes de Croceis Momonie 
concediint qd i^i dabunt de suo quantam aooed . . . ^ biui 
de li^litate sua % nO occone alicui' ten incroceati ; % sub tali 
forma qd non ven , . ^ cdsuetudinem alias «c., % eis 

Q^ 3 f^ Placita de Farliamento apud Dubhi coram JoHe Wogan 

Capit Justic <cc. % aliis de oonsilio %c., a die Paacli in xv dies 
anno B 9: K xxviii^. 

m. dd. ConoordatQ est eoiam qd nulla moneta portet' ex* fa^nc fram 

sine spali War «c et qd nullus applicet in h*nc Pram alibi qHn 
in reotis portubj «c sub g*ui forisfcura «c. 

Concordatu est qd moneta pollardo]^ % alia^ moneti^ con- 
simitm arestatc^ in manus mercatoj^ vbicuc^ in hac terra, 
reliBentur l9catorib3 duoend ad cambiu Regf in Angt ut in 
h^nc terra. Et qd inde fiant bna quibuscuc^ pet6ntib3. 

> OUitmted. 


Greaiii 20«. And the town of [Karkinlish (Cahirconliah) 
40«].i And be it known that the tenants of the Crosses 
of Munster grant that they will give of their own as much 

of their liberality and not by occasion of any 

holding in cross lands, and under such form that [it shall 
not come to be a] custom at some other time, &c., and it is 
granted to them. 

Pleas of Parliament at Dublin before John Wogan, Chief 
Justiciar, 4&c., and otheni of the Council, &c., in fifteen 
days from Easter day in the 28th year of the reign of 
King Edward. 

It is agreed also that no money be carried out of this No money to 
land without special warrant, &c., and that no one land in ^ S^i^a^"* 
this land elsewhere than in regular ports, dbc, under heavy &c. 
forfeiture^ Ac. 

It is agreed that money of pollards and other like moneys Pollard 
seized in the hands of merchants wheresoever in this ^^^'to^ 
land, be re-delivered to the merchants, to bring to ^^®^^i*° 
King's Exchange in England or in this land; and that for re-coining 
writs be made therefor to any demanding. 

Supplied from Pipe Roll, 81 Ed. I., No. 32, which accounts for this 

28 EDWARD I. A.D. 1300. 

[Justiciary Roll, 28 Edwabd I. m. 13/1] 
Cdmunia ptita apud le Naas coram Cap JuBtic HiBn de mense 
Pascli anno R B E. xxviii^ Wogan. 

DNS Rex mandavit hie bre suum in hec verba. Edwardna 
del gra Rex Ang! Diia HiBB % Dux Aqnit diioo % fid 
8U0 JoHi Wogan, Justic suo HiBn sattm. Cum nup in parlia- 
mento nro apud Stybenhethe inP oePas ordinacoes ibidem factas 
dof imus ordinand qd nlla bona moneta argenti de nro vt 
alPius Cuneo vel argentum aliqnod in massa vt alio quonia 
modo regnu ni^m exiret vel extra idem regnii vel potestatem 
nram ad ptes t^nsmar deferretur sine lioencia Era s^li sub 
foriftf cura vite % bon(^ et olm alio^ que forisfieri noB poasent 
et iam p coi vtilitate regni iiri monetam Pollardc^ Crocard(^ « 
quascumq^ alias similes, monetas de consilio p^um nro^ o!o 
repbafiimus ac eciam ordinafiimus qd nulla moneta alia q*m 
sterlingoj^ de cuneo nro currat de oePo in dco Regno n* vsnat % 
Heatur^ p quod yolu[m']^ qd ordinaco predca firmius % inuiola- 
bilius obseruetur, voB mandam' firmiP iniungentes qd nllam 
monetam argenteam vt aliq^ aliam monetam albam de nro tI 
alftus Cuneo vt vasa aliqua argentea s[ea]^ argentQ aliqnod in 
massa vt alio quouis modo a Pra iira HiBn ad ptes t^nsmar 
deferri pmittatis sine licencia iira spali sub pena supins 
annotata. Et istud mandatu iirm sicut cdmodu regni iiri diligitis 
p totam Pram liram pdcam de q*ndecim diebus in q^ndecim dies 
publico pclamari % obseruari firmiP faciatis p custodes ad hoc 
alias deputatos vt de novo si ncce fflit depulandos. T. meipo 
apFud] Scm Albanu xi* die Aprit anno r n vicesimo octano. 

Et hoc idem mandatum est omib3 vie « Sen liBtatum in 
HiBn «c. 



28 EDWARD I. A.D. 1300. 

COMMON Pleao at the Naas before the Chief Justiciar 
of Ireland, of the month of Easter in the 28th year 
of the reign of King Edward. 

The lord the King sent his writ here in theee 
words: — Edward, by the grace of God, king of Eng- 
land, lord of Ireland, and duke of Aquitaine, to his beloved 
and faithful John Wogan, his Justiciar of Ireland, greet- 
ing. Whereas lately in our parliament at Stepney, amongst 
other ordinances there made, we thought fit to ordain 
that no good money of silver, of our or other's coinage, or 
any silver in bulk or in any other way, should leave our 
kingdom or be carried out of our said kingdom or juris- 
diction to parts over the sea^ without our special licence, 
under forfeiture of life and goods and all other things 
which can be forfeited to us. And now for the common 
benefit of our kingdom, with the advice of our nobles, we 
have altogether condemned the money of Pollards, Cro- 
cards and other like moneys whatsoever, and also have 
ordained that no money other than of sterlings of our 
coinage be current from henceforth in the said kingdom ; 
nor even be held proper for iise. Inasmuch aa we will that the 
said ordinance be more strictly and inviolably kept^ we 
command, strictly enjoining you, that you allow no silver 
money or any other white money of our or other's coinage, No silver or 
or any silver vessels or any silver in bulk or in any other ^^®^ ^^W© 
way, to be carried from our land of Ireland to parts over in plate or 
the sea^ without our special licence under the penalty above carried out of 
speciGed. And, that this our mandate, as you cherish the Ireland, 
profit of our kingdom, you cause to be publicly proclaimed 
throughout the whole of our said land fortnightly, and to 
be strictly kept by wardens, for this purpose on another 
occasion appointed, or if need be to be appointed afresh. 
Witness myself at St. Albans the 11th day of April, in 
the 28th year of our reign. 

And this same is commanded to all sheriffs and senes- 
chals of liberties in Ireland. 


35 EDWARD L A.D. 1307. 

[JusTici^Y Boll, 35 Edward I. m. 16/.] 

de^ReHgTwiJ? \\^^ ^^ mandauit bre suu hie *c in hec verba. Edwardus 

. . JLJ dei gra Rex Angt dns HiBn % dux Aquit ditoo % fideli 

suo Johi Wogan Justic suo HiBn vel eius locum tenenti saltm 

cum ad coem populi regni iiri vtilitatem % tocius dnii nri stat^ 

melioracionem in parliamento nro apud Karliolu quedam edi- 

derimus statuta in Angl Hi^ii Wallia % Scocia futuris tempib3 

obseruanda queq^ vobis mittim' sub sigillo iiro signata in 

Vra nra HiBn publicanda <^ sub penis in eiadem ntatutis 

oontentis obseruari facienda vobis mandamus qd statuta iUa 

in singtis Comitatib3 Pre nro predce legi publicari « obseruari % 

f^nscripta eo^dem sub sigillo quo vtimur in HiBn sin^is 

Abbatib3 Priorib3 Custodib3 domc^ religios*^ Cluniaoen Cister- 

cien « PremoQstraten « sc(^ Augustini « Benedci ordinu in 

plenis capitulis domo^ su^ bis in anno legenda « sub penis 

suprM^cis obseruanda f^smitti faciatis. T. mei(k> a]>i:id Kart 

iiii^ die April anno r n t^cesimo quinto. Et simitr prefiatus 

dns Rex misit hie %c. ^dcm statutum sub sigillo suo Angt in 

hec verba.* 

* In the old printed copies this statute is entitled, " Statutom de 
sportatis KeUgiosorum." 

* The Latin text of the statute follows in the rolL 


35 EDWARD I. A.D. 1307. 
Statute as to Beligious Persons. 

THE lord the King seat his writ here, &c., in these 
words : — Edwai^, by the grace of Grod, king of 
England, lord of Ireland, and duke of Aquitainei to hia 
beloved and faithful John Wogan, his Justiciar of Ireland 
or his deputy, greeting. Whereaa for the common utility 
of the people of our reaJm and the improvement of the 
state of our entire dominion, in our Parliament at Car- 
lisle, we published certain statutes to be observed in future 
in England, Ireland, Wales, and Scotland, and which we 
transmit to you, sealed under our seal, to be published in 
our land of Ireland, and under the penalties of the said 
statutes contained, to cause to be observed; we command 
you that the said statutes in every county of our af oreeaid 
land, you cause to be read, published, and observed, and 
transcripta of the same under the seal which wa use in 
Ireland, to all abbots, priors, wardens of religious houses 
of the duniac, Cistercian and Premonstratensian Orden^ 
and of those of Saints Augustine and Benedict^ in full 
chapteirs of their Houses twice in the year to be read, and 
under the af oretfaidi penalties to be observed, you cause to 
be transmitted. Witness myself at Carlisle the 4th day of 
April in the thirty-fifth year of our reign. 

And likewise the aforesaid lord the King sent here, &a, 
the aforesaid statute under his seal of England in these 
words : — 

[Statute as to Religious Persons]. (') 

Lately it came under the notice of the lord the King by the grievous 
complaint of the magnates, chief men, and other nobles of his realm, 
that, whereas Monasteries, Priories, and Religious Houses were founded 
to the praise and honour of God, and the advancement of Holy Church, 

0) The text taken from Statute Boll {Sngl) m. 83. is printed In Statute* €f th$ 
Bealnh I. Ik. UO. 



persons shall 
■end no tax, 
Ac^ beyond 

by the King and his progenitors and by the said magnates and nobles 
and their anoestcvs, and very many lands and tenements were given 
by them to the said Monasteries* Priories, and Houses and to the 
Religious serring God therein, so that as well clergy as laymen 
shoTud be admitted aocordins to their sufficient ability, and that 
the sick and weak might find sustenance, hospitality, g^fts of alms, 
and other pious deeds might be exercised, and for the souls of the 
aforesaid founders and their heirs prayers might be made in them. The 
Abbots, Priors, and Wardens of the said nouses and certain aliens, 
their superiors, as the Abbots and Priors of the Cluniac, CSster- 
oian, Premonstratensian orders and of those of Saints Augustine and 
Benedict, and many others of other religion and order have lately upon 
several monasteries and houses subject to them in England, Ireland, 
Scotland, and Wales, fixed divers unaccustomed heavy and insup- 
portable tallages, payments, and impositions, and of their own pleasure 
have ordained the same, without consulting our lofd the King and his 
sreat men, contrary to the laws and customs of the said realm, where- 
by it has come to psss that the number of Religious persons and other 
servitors in such Houses and Religious places oppreased by such 
tallages, payments, and impositions, is diminished, the worship of 
God and alms to the poor, the sick, and weak are withdrawn, the health 
of the living and the souls of the dead are miserably defrauded ; hos- 
pitality, almsgiving, and other works of charity cease, and so, what 
had formerly been charitably dedicated to pious uses and to the advance- 
ment of the service of God, is now changed into an evil tax. Where- 
fore, besides those things which are mentioned before, no small scandal 
grows among the people, and innumerable losses in the disheriting of 
the said founders and their heirs are known without doubt to lukve 
happened, and moreover, it may be presumed are likely to happen again, 
unless for such and so grievous injuries there be provided a speedy and 
safe remedy ; therefore, the said lord the King, considering that it would 
be very injurious to him and to his people if he should any longer 
suffer such ^reat losses and insolencies to go on under a doak; and 
therefore, bemg willing to maintain and defend the monasteries, priories, 
and other religious houses and places founded in the reaLn and 
lands subject to his sway, according to the will and pious intentions 
of the said founders, and from henceforth to provide fitting remedy 
against such oppressions, as he is bound ; by the advice df the JSaris, 
Barons, magnates, great men, and other nobles, and the commons 
of his kingdom in his parliament at Westminster on Sunday next 
after the Feast of St Matthias the Apostle, in the thirty-third year 
of his reign, ordained and enacted, that no Abbot* Prior, Master, 
Warden, or anv other Religious person of whatsoever condition, state, 
or religion he be, being under his power and jurisdiction, any tax im- 
posed oy their superiors, the Abbots, Prims, Masters, Wardens of Re- 
ugious Houses or places, or in any way assessed among themselves, 
out of his kingdom and dominion under the name of rent* tallage, 
tribute, or any kind of imposition, or otherwise by way of exchange, 
sale, mutual or other contract or by whatever other name it may be 
termed, by themselves or by merchants or others, secretly or openly, 
by any art or device, shall carry or transmit or cause to be carried 
or transmitted in any way ; nor shall any of them depart to places 
outside by reason of visitation or under any other invented pretence, 
that so they may bring the goods of their Monasteries and Houses 
outside the aforesaid kmgdom and dominion ; and if any presume to 
contravene this present Statute, let him be heavily punished, the nature 
of his offence being considered and the contempt shown the King's 
prolubition weigheqC 


HoreoTer, the said lord the King forbids all and wngiilar Abbots Prion, Impositioiis 
Masters, Wardens of Religions Houses and placM, being aliens, to »[M^Po tbo 
whose newer, subjection, and obedience the Houses of the said orders ^Jto^^aUeos. 
in lus Kingdom and dominion are subjeot, fr<Hn henceforth imposing 
or in any way assessing tallages, taxes, impositions, tributes, or any 
other burdens on any Monasteries, Priories, or other Religious Houses, 
so subjeot to them as aforesaid ; and this on forfeiture of everrthing 
they may have in their own power and that they can forfeit in future. 

And moreover, the lord the King ordained and established that Abbots The common 
of the Cistercian and Premonstratensian orders and other ReUgions orders, »**^" **' Abbeys, 
whose seal hitherto has been wont to remain in custody of the Abbot 
and not of the Convent, shall have a common Seal from henceforth, 
and they shall deposit it in the custody of the Prior of the Monastery 
or House, and four of the most worthy and discreet of the Convent 
of that i^ace, to be kept safe under the private seal of the Abbot of 
the same place ; so that the Abbot or Superior who is over the house 
can by no means of himself make binding any contract or obligation, 
as heretofore he has been wont to do. And should it happen that any 
writings obligatory of donations, purchases, sales, alienations, or other 
contracts whatsoever, should be found sealed with any other seal than 
with such common seal kept as aforesaid, ihej shall lie held altogether 
void and as of no force. But it is not the King's intention to exclude Abbots aliens 
Abbots, Priors, and other Religious persons, being aliens, by the Sta- may visit their 
tutes and ordinances above expressed, from exeroising the office of ^p^S^"^ 
visitation in his kingdom and dominion, but they may visit freely, 
by themselves or others, the monssteries and other places subject to 
them in his aforesaid kingdom and dominicm, according to the duty 
of their office, in those things only which appertain to the regular 
observance and discipline of their order; Provided, that they who 
exercise this office of visitation bring or procure to be carried outside 
the said kingdom and dominion, none of the goods or things of such 
Monasteries, Priories, and Houses, except only their leaaonabte and 
moderate expenses. 

And although the pronouncing and publication of the before written Ctommenoe- 
ordmances and statutes, for certain reasons, and that they might ment of the 
proceed with the greater deliberation and completeness, remained ^|^(([|^ 
suspended from the lastparliament to the present paniament at Carlisle, 
in the Octaves of Saint Hilary in the thirty-fifth year of the reign of the 
said lord Kin^ Edward, the lord the Kmg, after fuU deliberation and 
debate had with the Earls, Barons, great men, and other nobles and 
the commonalty of his realm, touchins the premises, with their unani- 
mous agreement and consent, ordainea and enacted that the aforesaid 
ordinances and statutes under the form, manner, and conditions above 
contamed, from the 1st day of May next ensuing, shall be steadfastly 
observed to be of force in future times, and that offenders against 
them shall henceforth be subject to the penalties above prescriMd. 



1 EDWARD IL A.D. 1308. 

[Flba Roll, 1 and 2 Edwabd II. m. 76 /.] 

ADHUC de cbib3 ptitis apd Dubtn ooram Jofle Wogan 
Jnstic HiBii a die sci JoHis Bapte in xv dies anno regni 
K Edwardi fit K K scda 
^n«^' Dns Rex misit hie quoddam bre suu in hec verba: 

Ed ward us dei gfa Rex Angt Dns hi^ii % Dux Aquit dilco % fid 
suo Jolli Wogaa Juscic suo Hibn saltm ; Quia pacem nram p 
totam Pram iiram Hibn firmiP « inuiolabiliter obseruandam 
opam instants oepim^ adimplere « eo affectuosius quod ad hoc 
vinclo astringim' iuramenti « ad malieiam maleft<^ % pacis 
nre pturbat(^ rep'mend expediens fore % Ttile reputam^ qd 
statu ta nup apud Wynton editum in omib3 « singlis suis articliB 
ac eciam quidam articli quos nup de consilio iiro p coRseruacbe 
pacis lire in Angt « de nioneta nra nO mutanda -nee cambienda 
set p tanto valore p quanto currere consueuit currenda 
ordinsmus obseiTandos « quos vobis mittim^ ^8entib5 inPclusos 
p totam Pram iiram Hibn firmiP obsement' ; vobis mandam^ 
firmiP iniungentes qd statuta iUud % articles ^dcos in CiuitSbns 
Burgis villis ficatoriis « locis aliis tarn infra LiBtates q*m ext* 
ubi videritis expedire 2egi « publico pdamari obsemari fac 
firmiP « teneriy et in quolibet Coih assignetis p biia nra 
sub sigillo iiro quo vtim' in Hibii duos de pbiorib3 legaliorib3 % 
discreciorib3 Militib3 eiusdm Gomitatus put opus f&it Tna cu 
Tic Comitat^ illiits ad ^dca statutum % articles obsemanda % 

I. EDWARD n. 245 

I EDWARD 11. A.D. 1308, 

STILL of oommon pleas at Dublin before John 
Wogan, Justiciar of Ireland, in fifteen days from 
the day of St. John the Baptist, in the second year of tiie 
reign of King Edward, son of King Edward. 

The lord the king sent here a certain writ of his in England, 
these words: Edward, by the grace of Qod, king of 
England, lord of Ireland and duke of Aquitaine, to his 
beloved and faithful John Wogan, his Justiciar of Ireland, 
greeting. Inasmuch as we have taken instant pains to 
accomplish the strict and inviolate keeping of our peace 
throughout our whole land of Ireland, and with the 
more care because we are hereto bound by the bond of an 
oath, and [inasmuch as] for the repression of the wicked- 
ness of evild«iers and disturbers of our peace, we think it 
will be expediesit and useful that the statute lately pub- 
lished at Winchester, in all and singular its articles, and also statute of 
certain articles which with our council we lately ordained Wincheiter, 
to be observed for the preservation of our peace in England, and certain 
and for not altering or exchanging our money, but for it *'*'^«* ■* *^ 
to be curreint, for such value as it was accustomed to be observed in 
currrait> and which we send to you enclosed in these '^^ 
presents, should be strictly kept throughout our whole land of 
Ireljknd, we command and strictly enjoin you that you cause 
that statute and the articles aforesaid to be read and publicly 
proclaimed in cities, burghs, market towns and other places, as 
well within liberties as without, where you shall deem it expe- 
dient, to be strictly kept and observed ; and [that] in each 
county you appoint by our writs under our seal which we 
use in Ireland, two of the most approved, lawful and dis- 
creet knights of the said county, as need shaJl be, together rp^o knifhu 
with the sheriff of that county, to keep and guard the said f^^ sheriff 
statute and articles, and to do and fully perform all that ^li^j to lee 


custodienda « oinia que ad ea ptinent facienda % pleni' 
ezequenda. Ita qd fideles nri « totus populos pcia illa^ sab nro 
regimine « domino^ qaiecius « tranquillius viaere yaleant vt 
optam^ T'. meifk) apud Langeleye vi die Jun anno r n p^mo. 

Cm misit quoddam aliud bre hie in hec verba. Edwardos dei 
graBez Angt Dds HiBn « Dux Aquit ditco « M suo Jofti Wogan 
Jufltic suo Hi^ saltm. Intellexim' a nOnullia qd q^mptreB 
inimici nri « alii malefactores « imcia nre ptorbatores homicidia 
inoendia de^dacbes % alia dampnag^vissima nocte dieq^ in HiBE 
multipliciP ppetrantes de Com in Oo& yagant' « discomint 
ob defectil « negligenda plurimc^ qui a partib5 quibj moraat' 
Tsc^ ad ptes vicinas in quibj hui^moi mala ppet^tnr ad 
defensionS « salaacbem pcia eaj^dem in sabsidifl vicino^ suiof. 
ibidm habitancifl se difitere recusarunt hactenus % recosant. 
Et quia ad pacem iiram in terra ^dca inuiolabiliP observand 
qua cordiP affectamus necnO ad maliciam « hoetiles agreesua 
hui^moi inimic(^ « malefacix^ yiriliP rep'mendos expediens 
esse intendim^ pcul d[ubiop « neoesse qd omes % singli de 
quibuscumq^ Com ad pacem « fidem nram existentes ynanimea 
sint % Concordes [inter]' se i{k)s mutuo iuuantes ad resistenciam 
cont* inimicoB « malefcbres illoB in quoctiq^ Com yel pria IpoB 
hoi'moi inflB[usp £a& conti^fc potenP « yiriliP facienda ; yoB 
mandam^ qd de cOsilio nro pcia Ulaf ordinetis % in singlis viUia 
qmb3 e[xpedi]*en8 yideritis publice pclnmari faciatis qd omes 
% flingU de Co& iUo qu6 hui'modi inimici « malefoores agreasi 
f8i[ntp ad maliciam illojs p cOservacoe pacis nre « defensione 

* So in KS. for domMo. • Torn . 

t. edWabd It, 247 

appertains to them : so that our faithful subjects and the whole "^id statuta 

, and articles 

people of those parts may be able to live more quietly and carried out. 

peaceably under our rule and government^ as we wish. 

Witness myself at Langley, the 6th day of June, in the first 

year of our reign. 

Likewise he sent a certain other writ here in these 
words : Edward, by the grace of Qod, king of England, 
lord of Ireland and duke of Aquitaiie, to his beloved 
and faithful John Wogan, his Justiciar of Ireland, 
greeting. We have been infoormed by some that very 
many of our enemies and other evildoers and disturbers of 
our peace, frequently committing homicides, buinings, 
robberies and other very serious injuries, by night and 
day in Ireland, wander from county to county, and run 
to and fro, by reason of the default and negligence of most 
men, who have hitherto refused and do refuse to turn 
aside from the parts in which they live to the neighbouring 
parts in which such evils are committed, for the defence 
and safety of the said partn, to aid their neighbours 
who dwell there. And inasmuch as for the inviolable 
keeping of Cfox peace in the said land, which we heartily 
desire, and also for the stem reporession. of the wickedness 
and warlike attacks of such enemies and evildoers, 
we deem it, without doubt, to be expedient and necessary 
that all and singular of whatsoever county, being of 
our peace and fealty, be of one mind and at 
unity among themselves, mutually aiding to make 
powerful and strenuous reeistaoice against those enemies 
and evildoers^ in whatsoever county or territory it may 
happen that they make such incursions; we command you 
that with oar council of those parts, you ordain and i^ 
every town where you shall deem it expedient, you cause 
to be publicly proclaimed, that all and siogular of 
that county which such enemies and evildoers have at- 
tacked, in order to withstand their, wickedness, for the 
preservation of our peace and the defence of the said parts 


pciQ ^dca^ repellendam q^^ciens opus ffiit % eis inde p vt[eBiaP 
% damore yt alio modo cdstiPit cu toto posse suo se difif e nO 
postponant ad dcos inimioos « malefcbres ta[m inf^]' liBtatas 
q*in ezt* iosequendos % eo potencius quo fieri poPit repellendos. 
Et si quos rebelles negligentes i[nueneriti8]* in bac pte y\ 
remissos eos tamq^ pacis nre violatores « mandate)^ nit^ 
cOtemptores taliP puniri faciafcis [ut]' punicio ilia timorem aliii 
^beat similia oomittendi. T^meifk) a^d Langele t** die Jun 
anno r ii p'[mo]'. 

Et sup hoc misit dns Bex Justic hie %c l>n8(^ptu statuti 
SUtuttt Wvnton custodiend « observand in bao tra in b • . ^ a&l 

^ ca voluntate dni K de tenore p^mi Inris bio — Diis Bex de oonsilio 

suo afki Westfh xvvP die Marcii [anno]^ regni sui p^mo 
ordinauit qd statutQ a{kl Wjnton edita in oib3 *^ singlis snis 
articlis p tofcam Pram HiBn firmiP obseruet' [et q']^ statntu 
illud in singlis Ciuitatib3 Pre ^dce necnO in Ciuitatib3 Burgis 
bundr villis ficatoriis « locis aliis ibidem [tarn] infra liBtates 
q*m ext* % vbi magis videbit' expedire publico recitet' custodiat' 
« in Siuglis suis articlis ut ^dcm est [firmiP] obseruet^ Et si 
qui in Pra ^dcu jux* form^ statuti attacbiabiles inueniri eotifit 
attacbienf « saluo custodian^ don* dc[s]^ dns E aliud inde 
^cepit. Et si forte diffuf int tunc p posse single^ Comitatua 
eiusdem Pre si necesse ffiit assumptu oQ omni diligencia 
pseqhit' de Hundr in Hundrm de (}om in CoiSi tarn inf^ liBtates 
q^ ext* jux* form^ statuti ^dci quousc^ arrestent' « arrestati 
saluo custodiant' in forma ^dca. Yult « dcs dns & qd ex pte 


f. EDWARD IT. 249 

as often as need shall be^ and they be assured thered by All of a 
hue and cry, or in any other manner, delay not to turn ^JJ^j^ to 
aside with all their power to pursne the said enemiea and ponue the 
eyildoerSi as well within liberties as without, and to with- ' 

stand them as strongly as can be done. And if you shall 
find any disobedient or negligent in this behalf, or remiss, 
you cause ihem to be punished as breakers of our peace and 
despisers of our commands, in such manner that that punish- 
ment may inspire others with fear of committing similar acts. 
Witness myself at Langley, the 5th day of June, in the first 
year of our reign. 

And hereapon the lord the king sent to the Justiciar Stetute of 
here, Ac., a transcript of the statute of Winchester, to be ^'jj|^****' 
kept and observed in t>his land • . together with the observed in 
will of the lord the king concerning the tenor of the first 
writ here. 

The lord the king, by his council at Westminster, on 
the 17th day of March, in the first year of his reign, 
ordained that the statute published at Winchester be 
strictly kept in all and singular its articles t>hroiughaut the 
whole land of Ireland, and that that statute in every city 
of the said land, and also in the cities, bnrghs, hundreds, 
maxket towns and other places therei, as well within 
liberties as without, and where it shall be deemed most 
expedienit^ be publicly read, kept^ and in every of its 
articles as is aforesaid, strictly observed. And if it happen 
that any persons are found in the said land to be attaohable 
according to the form of the statute, that they be attached 
and kept safely, until the said lord the king have given 
other order thereupon. And if perchance they flee, then in 
proportion to the power of every county of the said land, if it 
be thought necessary, that they with all diligence pursue them 
from hundred to hundred, from county to county, as well with- 
in liberties as without, according to the form of the aforesaid 
statute, until they be arrested, and being arrested, they be kept 
safely in form aforesaid. The said lord the king also wills that^ 


Boa ^cipiai' firniiP « injQge[t']i oibj Bafiis « Constabular in 
villis % handr p oonsemacoe pacis sue in ^dcis Comitatibj 
deputatia tarn infra LiBtates q*m ext* qd ipi eandem diligcncia 
p pads ipius K oo8eruac»e apponant « tatr fie lieant in hac 
pte ne penam in dco Btatuto c6tentam incurrant « nictLomtn^ 
inp^nent' « g^uif ad vohintate dni & redimant^ ab eadem. 
Et si qui in Comitatib3 predcia sap ^missis exeqaendis cOtrarii 
inuenti fSint ant rebelles, tac ipi p eof oorpa arrestent' « salno 
cu8tod[ient''|^ don* idem dns K aliud inde mandafiit Vult 
eciam ^dcs dns ft % ^cipit firmiP qd in singlis locis ComitataQ 
^dco]^ pablice distincte « apte det^ 8[ciri]* oib3 « singlis ex pte 
sua qd ipe monetam suam tanti ponderis tantiq^ Taloris in oib5 
existere q*nti moneta dni £. pria sui fuit « in eadem moneta 
nois sni supsc^psionem veraciP esse attendSs nd vult monetam 
illam mutare sea cambire neo vult qd moneta ilia nee moneta 
de cuneo Pre sue Scocie qua currere « recipi vult sicnt tempe 
dci f^ris sui currere « recipi cCsueuit, licet nois sui supsc^poo no 
sit in eads vilipendant' seu refutenf; nee etiam qd aliqua 
bona victualia seu ficandise quecQq^ vlt* veru valorS ecf dem 
occone moneta]^ Ulaf oar[ius]' q'm tempe eiusdem jpris sui 
vendi cdsnefiant vendant' decePo vt emant' maxime cu monete 
iUe tantu valeant hiis dieb3 q*ntu monete dci pris sui valfiut. 
Et vt bee ordinaco sua de moneta « de reb3 venalib3 in singlis 
Cimtatib3 Burgis villis ficatoriis in CoiS^ ^dcis firmiter % 
inuiolabitr obseruet' ad eligend « assignand noie suo de quatt 
Oiuitate duos Clues « de quott B[urgop duos Burgens^ neend 

iTorn. •Ented. 

I. EDWARD n. 251 

on his behalf, it be stricUy commaBded and enjoined to all - 
bailiffs and constables in towns and hundreds, appointed for 
the preservation of his peace in the said counties, as well 
within liberties as without^ that they bestow the same dili- 
gence for the preservation of the peace of the said king, and 
Bo behave in this behaJf that they may not incur the punish- 
ment contained in the said statute, and nevertheless that 
they be imprisoned and heavily ransomed therefrom at the 
will of the lord the king. And if any be found in the 
counties aforesaid, hindering the execution of the premises, 
or disobedient, then that they be arrested by their bodies 
and kept safely till the said lord the king give other 
command thereupon. The aforesaid lord the king also 
wills and strictly commands, that in every place of the 
counties aforesaid it be publicly, plainly and openly 
made known to all and singular, on his behalf, that he, 
noticing that his mondy is of such weight and such value, 
in all points, as the money of the lord Edward his father. The king's 
and that upon the said money there is truthfully the |^^°Jto^*o^ 
superscription of hia name, wills that the said money be ezehanged. 
not altered or exchanged, sind that neither that money nor 
money of the die of his land of Scotland, which he wills to be 
current, and to be received as it was wont to be current and 
to be received in the time of his said father, although the 
superscription of his name be not thereon, be depre- 
ciated or refused ; nor further that any goods, victuals or 
merchandise whatsoever henceforth be sold or bought 
beyond their true value, by reason of those moneys, at a 
dealer price than they were wont to be sold in the time of 
his said father, particularly since those moneys are worth as 
much in these days as the moneys of his said father were 
worth. And in order that this his ordinance coiv- 
oeming money and things for sale may be strictly and 
inviolably kept in every city, buigh and market town in 
the said counties, [the king wills] to choose and appoint in his 
name two citizens from each dty, and two burgesses from 


de quaH villa ficaiom duos pbos « le^ hdies de GoA ^dcia 
qui ^stito 8a[cfo]^ coram vie % illis Milit qui ad ^nnsBCf 
cdaeraacbm aasignent' ^missa oia % singla in Ciuit Burg « villii 
^dcis distriete % firmiP fadant obeemarL Idem dna K mlt qd 
p bre saQ sub ngillo siio quo vtit^ in HiBn vie « Mi]itib5 ^dcia 
in flinglis Oomitatib3 ibidem oOmiasio sua fiat in hae pte. [Yultp 
insup ^&tU8 doB K qd fd qui ^doe ordinacbi soe oontfrii 
aut rebellea monetam Buam ^dcam vilipendentes aui etiam 
foristaUarii atiqui qui efiint vt arrafiint bona alioj^ vt sic 
poRtmoda p m[anu8l' suas pp^ carius ea vendant ad tocius 
populi 9ui det^ment<u inpeniri conti^i, p ec^ ooipa atta[cbient'y 
% saluo custodiant' don* i^e dns ft aliud inde ^pit 


I EDWABD 11. 253 

each buTfh, and twa approved and lawful men from each Pewona to be 

- •*. m .1 1 % • »ppoiiited for 

market town of the coonties af oreBaidy who taking an oanTiiig out 

oath before the sheriffs and those knights, who shall be ap- ^^ '^^^ 

pointed for the maintenance of the premises, shall cause 

all and singular the premises to be strictly and steadfastly 

kept in the cities, burghs and towns aforesaid. The said 

lord the king wills that by his writ under his seal which 

he uses in Ireland, his oommisaion may be made to the 

sheriffs and knights aforesaid, in every county there, in 

this behalf. Further the said lord the king wills, that if 

any happen to be found opposing his said ordinance, 

or disobedient, by depreciating his said money, or further 

any forestallers who ahail buy or give earnest for the goods 

of others, that so afterwards they may by their own hands 

sell them at a dearer price, to the injury of all his people, 

that they be attached l^ their bodies, and kept safely until 

the said lord the king give other order thereon. 


1 EDWARD n. A.D. 1308. 
Thb Statdtb or Whtohssteb.' 
[Enacted in England, 13 Edwabd L, A.D. 1285]. 

FrMtaBoitfthall L Foraamuoh as from day to day, robberies, homicides, and burnings 
felooB from M^ more frequently committed than heretofore they were wont to 
tows to town. ^ j^^ felons cannot be attainted by the oath of jurors, who 
had rather suffer felonies committed against strangers to pass 
without penalty than indite the offenders, of whom great part are 
people of the same country, or at the least, if the offenders be of 
another country, their reoeivers are of the neighbourhood ; and this 
they do, because an oath is not put unto jurors, nor upon the 
country where the felonies were committed, as to the restitution of 
damages; hitherto no penalty has been*' provided for their conceal- 
ment and their laches; our lord the King, to abate the power 
of felons, has established a penalty in such case, so that from hence- 
forth, for fear of the penalty more than for fear of any oath, they shall 
not spare any, nor conceal any felonies; and he commands that 
proclamation be solemnly made in all counties, hundreds^ markets, 
fairs, and all other places where there shall be a formal assemblage 
of people, so that none may be able to excuse himself by ignorance, 
that from henceforth every country be so well kept, that immediately 
after the commission of robberies and felonies fresh suit be made 
from town to town, and from country to country. 

InquetU of IL Likewise, if need require, that inquests be made in towns, by 

eonies. ^^ ^^^^ ^ sovereign of the town, and afterwards in hundreds, 

and in franchises, and in counties, and sometimes in two, three 
or four counties, in cases where felonies shall be committed in 
the nutfohes of counties, so that the offenders may be attainted. 
And if the country answer not for such manner of misdoers, the penalty 
shall be such, that every country, that is to say, the people dwelling 

* The text taken from the Statute Boll (Engl) m. 41. is printed In Staiutcs nf 
the nealm, L, p. 98. This statute was ordered to be observed in Izehud by the 
ddlnonce made at Westminster. 17th March. 1906, quoted in the pTcoediog 

I. EDWARD II. 265 

in the country, be answerable for the robberies committed, and 

for the damages ; so that the whole hundred where the robbery shall 

be committed, with the franchises that are within the precinct of the 

same hundred, be answerable for the robbery done. And if The hnsdred 

the robbery be committed in bounds between hundreds, that both the robberies. 

hundreds, together with the franchises, be answerable ; and after 

that the felony or robbery is done, the country shaU have no longer 

space than forty days, within which it shall behove them to make The ooantrr 

satisfaction for the robbery and offence, or else that they answer for f^ days. 

the bodies of the offenders. 

ni. And forasmuch as the King wills not that his people should be Commence- 
suddenly impoverished by reason of this penalty, which may seem hard Rtaiute. 
to anyone, he grants that it be not incurred immediately, but that the 
penalty be respited until Easter next following, and within that 
time the iGng shall see how the country shall bear itself, and whether 
such robberiee and felonies shall cease. After which term let all be 
assured, that the aforesaid penalty shall run generally, namely, that 
every country, that is to say, the people dwelling in the country, be 
answerable for robberies and felonies committed in their country. 

IV. And for the greater security of the country, the King commands. At what time 

that in the great towns, which are enclosed, the gates be closed ShaU te opened 

from sunset until sunrise ; and that no man lodge in the suburbs, ^"^ 

or in any foreign part of the town only in the dajrtime, nor yet 

in the daytime, if the host will not answer for him ; and that the Lodgers in the 

bailiffs of towns every week, or at the least every fifteenth day, 

make inquiry as to all persons lodging in the suburbs, and in 

foreign parts of the towns; and if they find any who receives or 

lodges in any manner persons who may be suspected of being 

against the peace, that the bailiffs do right therein. And 

it is commanded, that from henceforth watches be kept, as .^ ^ ^^. 

*^ At what time 

has been used in times past^ that is to say, from the day of the night 

the Ascension to the day of St. Michael, in every city by six men at begin and end. 

every gate ; in every borough by twelve men ; in every town by six 

men or four, according to the number of the inhabitants who dwell 

[in the town], and that they keep watch continually all night, from 

sunset to sunrise. And if any stranger pass by them, that he be Strangers may 

arrested until morning ; and if no suspicion be found, that he go quit ; tbe^iS^t ^ 

and if they find cause of suspicion, that he be delivered to the sheriff ^^^^ • 

forthwith, and that he receive him without danger, ajid keep him 

safely, imtil he be liberated in due manner. And if they will not suffer 


or hne-ond-ory themselTea to be amsted, that hae-and-cry be raised against them, 

madeafter ^^ ^^^^^ ^y^^ ^^^^ watoh follow with all the town, with the 

towns near, with hue-and-cry from town to town, until they be taken 

and deliyered to the sheriflf, as before is said ; and for the arrest of 

such strangers, that none be called in question. 

Highways to y. And further, it is commanded, that highways from one market 

shall be town to another be enlarged, where there are woods, hedges, 

^^^'^^* or ditches, so that there be neither ditches, underwood, nor bushes 

wherein a man may lurk to do hurt^ near the road, witiiin two hundred 

feet on the one side, and two hundred feet on the other side, provided 

that this statute extend not to oaks, or to great woods, so as it 

be clear underneath. And if by default of the lord who will not abate 

the ditch, underwood, or bushes in the manner aforesaid, any robberies 

The lord be done, that the lord be answerable therefor ; and if murder be done, 

the lord make fine at the King'a pleasure. And if the lord be 

not able to clear away the underwood, that the country aid him in doing 

it. And the King wills, that in his demesne lands and woods, within 

Purki adjoin- his forest and without, the roads be enlarged as aforesaid. And if, 

perchance, a park be near the highway, it is requisite that the lord of 

the park diminish his park, so that there be a space of two hundred 

feet from the highway, as before said, or that he make such a wall 

ditch, or hedge, that evil doers will not be able to pass or return, to do 


What armour ^^ ^"^ further, it is commanded, that every man have in I it house 
SaSSaye'in i^rmour, to keep the peace, according to the ancient assise; that ia 
his houie. to say, that every man between fifteen years of age, and sixty years, 

be assessed and sworn to arms, according to the quantity of their 
lands and chattels ; that is to say, for fifteen pounds [value of] lands, 
and chattels of forty marks, an hauberk, a headpiece of iron, a sword, a 
knife, and an horse ; and for ten pounds of land, and twenty marks 
of goods, an hauberk, a headiMece, a sword, and a knife ; and for one 
hundred shillings of land, a doublet, a headpiece of iron, a sword, and 
a knife ; and for forty shillings of land and more, up to one hundred 
shillings, a sword, a bow, arrows, and a knife ; and he that has less 
than forty shillings in land, be sworn to gisarms, knives, and other 
small arms ; and he that has less than twenty marks in goods, have 
swords, knives, and other small arms. And that all others who can 
have them, have bows and arrows out of the forest^ and in the 
Viw of arms, forest, bows and bolts, and that view of arms be made thrice 
every year. And that in every hundred and franchise two constables 

I. EDWARD n. 257 

be elected, to make the Tiew of arms; and that the constables afore- Presentinetitof 

said present before the juBtices assigned, when they shall come to the against this 

country, the defaults that they shall have found in arms, and in ^ ^ 

suits of towns, and in highways ; and also present those who lodge 

strangers for whom they will not answer, in country towns. And 

that the justices assigned present at every parliament unto the King, 

and the King shall provide remedy therein. And that from henceforth 

sheriffs and bailiffs within franchises and without, be they greater or 

lesser, who have any bailiwick or forestry in fee, or otherwise* 

take good heed that they follow the cry with the country ; and as they 

are able, that they have horses and arms, so to do ; and if there be any 

that do not, that the defaults be presented by the constables to the 

justices assigned, and afterwards by them to the King, as aforesaid. _ . 

And the King commands and forbids that from henceforth, for the markets shall 

honour of Holy Church, fairs or markets be held in church-yards. ohorch-yards. 

Given at Winchester, the eighth day of October, in the thirteenth 
year of the King's reign. 



3 EDWARD II. A.D. 1310. 

[Fatsnt Boll. 3 Edward II. m. 3/.] 


-L de Burgo Com Ylton saltm. Quia 8ap qmbnadaui 
arduis negotiis nos % statu Pre nre cdtingentib3 Yobiacu Itore 
volum^ t*ctatu spalem vobis mandam' qd Bitis in pp^t pfloii«* 
vra apud Kjlkenn die Lune in Octabis Pur Be Marie ad 
t*ctand « pliameniand cu Justic iiro Hibn « aliis de oons « 
cu cePis poerib3 « magnatibj Pre ore sup eisdem n^otiis. 
Et boc nullaten^ omittatf in fide qua nob tenemini et feeatis 
ibi hoc bre. T'. J. Wogan «c. apud Dublin viij die Jaii anno 
r n Pcio. 

ari. 45. ConBimilia bfia mandata sunt difisis hoibus in Hi^ vi- 


Jolii de Barry 
Jo&i de Cogan 
Maur de Cami 
Maur de Rocbeford 
Jolii le Poer de Donjl 
Jolii le Wyte Poer 

Rico le Waleys 
Jacobo de Eetyng 
Rico de Valle 
WalPo de VaUe 
Wilto de SCO Leodar 
WalPo le Bret 
Wilto de Burgo 
Jordano de Exon seniori 
Jordano de Exon J union 

Matho de Caunteton 

Wilto de Caunteton 

Beymudo Leroedekne 

Nicho de Carey 

Plio de Barry de Carrigdonegan 

Pfeo de Barry de - . . .^ 

Robto de Barry 

Simoni de Genuitt 

Rico de Exonia 

Nigello le Brun 

Johi de Staunton 

WalPo de Lacy 

Hugoni de Lacy 

JoKi Tuyt 

Rico fit Joliis 

WalPo de Cusak 

* The enactments of this parliament wer« oonflrm«d by a later one held at 
Kilkenny. 19 Ed. II. 
? OblUerfited. 


3 EDWARD 11. A.D. 1310. 

[Parliament of Kilkenny.] 

r IIHE Kiag to Richard de Burgo, earl of Ulster, greeting. 
J- Inasmuch as upon certain difficult matters concerning 
us and the state of our land, we are desirous of speciallj 
treating with you; We command you that you be in your 
own person at Kilkenny, on Monday in the Octaves of the 
Purification of Saint Mary, to treat and deliberate with our 
Justiciar of Ireland and others of the Council, and with other 
nobles and magnates of our land, upon these matters ; and by 
no means neglect this, on the fealty by which you are bound 
to us ; and have there this writ Witness J. Wogan, kc., at 
Dublin, the 8th day of January, in the third year of our reigu. 
Like writs are sent to divers men in Ireland, namely : — 

John de Barry. Matthew de Oaunteton. 

John de Cogan. William de Caunteton. 

Maurice de Garru. Raymond the archdeacon. 

Maurice de Rocheford. Nicholas de Curcy. 

John le Poer of DunhilL Philip de Barry of Carrig- 

John le Wyte Poer. Philip de Barry of . . . 

Robert de Barry. 

Richard le Waleys. Simon de Genvill. 

James de Ketyng. Richard de Exeter. 

Richard de Valle. Nigel le Bnin. 

Walter de Valle. John de Staunton. 

William de St. Leger. Walter de Lacy. 

Walter le Bret. Hugh de Lacy. 

William de Burgo. John Tuyt. 

Jordan de Exeter, the elder, Richard, son of John. 
Jordan de Exeter, the younger. Walter de Cusak. 

s 2 



JoM de Boneuilt 
Oalfro le Bret 
Begin Russel 
Fllo Xpohe 
Miloni de Curcy 
NicHo fit Maur 
Georgio de Rupe 
Wilto de Rupe 
Jolli fit TH Lengieys 

David de sco Albino 
Rico Tuyt 
Wilto de London 
Baldewyno le fflemyg 

Ptio de Maondouilt 
WalPo de Sey 
Wilto le fyz Waiyn 
Thome le fyz WaP 
Pagano de Eledoune 
RoBto psone 
Nicho le Blond 
"Wilto Stnuigbowe 

Simcni fieypo 


Thome de Maundeoilt 

Hugoni Byset 

Johi Byset 
Alano fit Warini 

Edifn de Penbrok 
Hugon Byset 
Petro de Maundouilt 
Ro^ de SCO bofioo 
Miclli de Kylkenan 
WalPo Sarexyn 
Hngoni de Balydouenald 
Henr Ep clogher 

Wilto Taaf Matho fiit Hugon de Hanewode 

Jotii fit Martini de Maundouilt JoM fit Alani de Logan 

Ade de Logan Miloni de Eldoune 

Ptio de Borquei JoHi Talbot 

Henr le (fiemyng Rico le Sauage 

Johi Scargyl Wilto Calf 

Thome le Taillur Alono de Insula 

HI. toWARD ii. 261 

John de Bonevill. 

Geoffirey le Bret. 

Reginald Russell. 

Philip Christopher. 

Milo de Curcy. 

Nicholas, son of Maurice. 

George de Roche. 

William de Roche. 

John, son of Thomas Lengleys. 

David de St. Aubin. Simon Feypo. 

Richard Tuy t. Richard Taaf. 

William de London. Thomas de Maundevill. 

Baldwin le Flemyng. Hugh Byset, 

John Byset. 

Alan, son of Warine. 

Philip de MaundovilL Edmond de Pembroke. 

Walter de Sey. Hugh Byset. 

William le fyz Waryn. Peter de MaundovilL 

Thomas le fyz Walter. Roger de Holywood. 

Pagan de Eledoune. Michael de Kylkenan. 

Robert of the parson. Walter Sarexyn« 

Nicholas le Blund. Hugh de Balydouenald. 

William Strangbuwe. Henry, bishop of Clogher. 

William Taaf. Mathew, son of Hugh de Hane- 
John, son of Martin de Maun- wode. 

dovilL John, son of Alan de Logan. 

Adam de Logan. Milo de Eldoune. 

Philip de BorqueL John Talbot. 

Henry le Flemyng. Richard le Savage. 

John Scargyl. William Calf. 

Thomas le TaiUur. Alan de Insula. 


Willo Byset 
Bioii Slemeryche 
Miloni de Swerdes 
HaBto Byaet 
HuBto le Waleyg 
Jol&i de Laiigeton 
Jolii Pynxebok 

•I. 4/* Et dns Rex mandauit omib3 vie suis de Vra ^dca qd venire 

fac ibidem ad diem ^dcm de quolibj Oofii duos Milites. Et de 
qualibet ciuitate vt Borgo duos Giues y\ duos bui^ens Rentes 
plenam (Statem ex pte Coih ^dc(^ Co& Giuitatum et Buigoj^ 
ad pliamentand t"ctand « ordinand cu ^dco Justic « oons nro 
« cu oeVis pceribj f re ^oe sup eisdem n^^tiis « ad faciend 
« consenciend ordinacoib3 ibidem p i{kw ordinand. 

Ad quern diem ^dcus Justic « alii de cons dni B ibidem 
existentes congregatis cora ipis o&ib3 ibide sumonitis 
OBtenderQt ex pte dni B quandam peticbem sub forma que 

sequit^ tenore yerb<^ For coe q toutes choses vendables 

sunt encberiz trop out^ousement autrement q ne furent en nut 
temps e encheriscent de iour en lorr a gHmt damage dn Roy 
e du pople de sa Pre Dyrlaunde, Prie le dit iire seign' le Roy 
p sa Justice « son consail q ci est a prelec Countes e Barouns e 
autres bones gens de la comunyaute de la Pre q sunt venuz p 
somunoe q en la foy qil deyuent a li e a sa corone voillont de 
cestcs cboses % de autres q touchent la garde la pees de la Pre 
Dyrlaundo veer les defautes e sur ycoe e autres choses q plus 
plenement ?ront mustrez p la dite Justice mettre tielt consail 
tiel remedye e tiel eyde qil soit a lonur de dex e de seynte 
Eglise e a cSinun pfit du Roy e du pople de sa Pre Dyrlaunde 
auaunt dite. E pur coe q semble acombrouse chose q tous 

lit EDWARD II. 26d 

William B^set. 
Richard Slemerjche. 
Milo de Swords. 
Hubert Byset. 
Hubert le Waleys. 
John de Langeton. 
John Fynxebek. 

And the lord the King commanded all hia sherifiGs of the Sheriflb to 
aforesaid land, that they should cause to come there at the p^JI^^'^tiTU. 
day aforesaid, of every county two knights, and of every city 
or burgh two citizens, or two burgesses, having full power on 
behalf of tlie communities of the aforesaid counties, cities and 
burghs, to parley, treat and ordain with our said Justiciar and 
Council, and with the other nobles of the said land upon 
these matters, and to do and agree in the ordinances there by 
them to be ordained. 

At which day the aforesaid Justiciar and others of the Council King requoita 
of the lord the Eang there being, all who were summoned g^^ ^^^ 
thither being met together before them, presented on behalf 
of the lord the king a certain request in the form which follows 
in the tenor of these words : — Whereas all things saleable are 
become so excessively increased in price, otherwise than they 
were at any time, and they increase in price day by day, to the 
great damage of the King and of the people of his land of Ireland, 
our said lord the King, by his Justiciar and his Council here 
present, prays the prelates, earls and barons, and other good 
men of the community of the land who are come by summons, 
that on the fealty that they owe to him and to his crown, they 
will, of nhoae things and of others which touch the preservation 
of the peace of the land of Ireland, see into the defaults, 
and on this and other things that shall be more fully shown by 
the said Justiciar, afford such counsel, remedy and aid as may 
be for the honour of God and of Holy Church, and to the 
common profit of the King and of the people of his land of Ireland 
aforesaid. And forasmuch as it seems a cumbrous proceeding 


ceauz q sunt venuz p sumoanoe seyent ordinim de oeBtes 
choses, p^ nre seign' p sa Justioe e sun oonsayl q ci est q tonte 
la comune e)j8e?it dens prelas ou deus autres pdoms hOmes e 
q eaux qaatre elisent de eaux memes % des autres des plus 
sages q ci sunt xyj q melx sachent voillent « puissent p ateent 
de la comuaute auaunt dite oonsayl eyde e remedye mettre 
ou le consayl le Boy en la forme auaunt dite. Pretextu cui^ 
peticois « ... 1 itas ad ^dca faciend « ordinand 

eli^unt EfSm Osaor Epm lysm Ef^ni Imet Johem de Barry 
Eustach le Poer quiquidm etci eligunt ad se Etcm Leghlyn 
Coixi niton Porem Hospital sci Johis Jerhn in HiBn Maur de 
fforte Jordanu de Exon seniore ffulconS de ffraxineto Jo!iem 
de Druyt WalPm Wcgan Witim de Bupe Hugon Oanoun « 
Dauid le Maziner, qui sf^f^ ad hoc iur t^;tarut adiuncte cu 
delib^acone « tarn de assensu % de cOsensu « lustic « cons dni 
H. qHa cditatis ^dce ordinunt % ad ppetuam rei memoriam 
statuerunt quasdam prdinacones sub hac forma que sequif 
tenore yerbo^ *c. 

Les p^ndpales causes p' quei ioutes choses yendables 
sunt encheriz souent p^ coe q marchauns est[ranger8 «p 
autres passaunt p pays sount robez de Inr biens p oeux de 
g*nt lygnage yer quels il ynt en plusours ioim ca en arire pey 
de reco&er ou . . . ^ est • ^ « enp^onez e detenuz en 

boys taunt qil seyent reyns a la yolente des tiels meffesounk 
Et p' coe auxi q tiels meffesours pnent auxi bien en yiles come 
de boys payn yyn Aioise chars e autres yitaylles % choaes 
yendables ou kil seyent saun* renable paje fere par quei 
niarchauns nosent p pays passer marchaundyse mener ne 
mustrer nyent plus denz yille q de bois, Acorde est p oOmun 
assent . • ^ cdmun consail de la Pre com de o5mun 

• ObUtantted. 

III. EDWABD n. 266 

that all those who have come hj sammonB should be ordainers of 
these things, our lord, by his Justiciar and his Council here 
present, prays that all the assembly choose two prelates 
with two other men of note, and that these four choose 
of themselves and others, the wisest that are here, sixteen 
who best know how, are willing and able^ by the assent of the 
community aforesaid, to afford counsel, aid and remedy [in 
oonjiinction] with the King's Council, in the form aforesaid. 

By reason of which request, and . . . the community Special coun- 
olected, to perform and ordain the aforesaid things, the Bishop ^^ ^ ^ted. 
of Ossory, the Bishop of lasmore, the Bishop of Emly, John 
de Barry, Eustace le Peer, who being chosen, elected to join 
them, the bishop elect of Leighlin, the Earl of Ulster, the Prior 
of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem in Ireland, Maurice 
de [Boche]f ort, Jordan de Exeter, the elder, Fulk de la Freigne, 
John de Druyl, Walter Wogan, William de Boche, Hugh 
Canoun, and David le Maziner; who being specially sworn 
for this purpose, treated together with deliberation, and as 
well with the assent and consent of the Justiciar and Council 
of the lord the King as of the community aforesaid, or- 
dained and in perpetual remembrance of the matter, enacted 
certain ordinances in the form of words which follow. 
The principal causes why all things saleable are often in-CauseBof, 
creased in price are because that merchants [strangers and] j^^^^^ 
others pasaini^ through the country are robbed of their goods 
by those of great lineage, against whom they have frequently 

heretofore had small means of recovery, and 

imprisoned and detained in woods at the will of such malefac- 
tors, until they be ransomed; and because also such malefactors 
take, as well in towns as in the woods, bread, wine, beer, flesh, 
and other victuals, and things saleable, wherever they be, 
without making reasonable payment, by reason whereof 
merchants dare not pass through the country, to convey or 
expose their merchandise any more in the town than in the 
wood, It is agreed by common assent [as well] of the 
jommon council of the land, as of the common council of the 

266 KARLt statCtbs op irkland. 

[oon]*iail le Roy q chekun cheif de g^int lygnage enp^gna 
chastier ceaux de sun lygna^ . . ^ la Ley 

solome ^ poor. E si par cas un cheyaytayn de lygnage 

ue soit mye assez pur iusticer les mefessurs ^ 

iustioe q oue le eyde des autres cheuetayns oue le poer le Roy 
des • ^ q Boont . ^ « a toutes les 

autres ohoses q a la garde de la pees le Roy apendent lealment 

fere ^ de li se coniusent 

estre tenuz e solom caste ordinance . • ^ 

q en chekun Counte seyent establyz dex pdoms hOmes ou 
plus ...... ^ pdoms homes 

ou plus sil eyent ensemblement ou le yesoounte e Coronas 

. ^ enquere de tutz man^e 
meffesours « memos iceaux chastyer % enp^soner « . 
. ^ q le Roy a coe assignera. 
Acorde est auxi p' bien de la pees ke p' amendement 

. ^ cest asafi de la 
MoDeye (^) % des forstaillurs (^) de Marche 

^ p' la pees garder . . . ^ % puplie 

% ferment tenu« en tous ces poyns de . . • .^ 

*E p' coe q marchauns e la cdmune de pople de ceste Pre 
sunt . . ^ po&yz « destniit p les p^es de g*unt seign's 
de la Pre q pnent la il vount p pays coe q lur pleist sanns 
renable pae ou gre fere a ceaux de qi les choses sunt p*ses. 
E auxi de coe qil vount soiorfi de gre e hbe^ oue bonez 
gens du pays centre lur volente p'^ eaux dectrure « enpofier, 

« ObUtented. 

* Lynch, in hit Leaal IrutituUons, ix., Ireland, p. 6S. mjs that tha itAftutM of 
Anns, monev, and forettalUng were confirmed dv this enactmenti 8tatat6i 
oonoerniog false and other money were made 87 £d. L and 28 Ed. L 

• Printed at ohap. L, Statutes 1310, in atatutet of Ireland, ad. Sir Biohaid 
Bolton, 1821. 

UI. EDWARD 11. 267 

King, that every chieftain of great lineage take on himaelf BTery chief- 

tMO to puoisb 
to puniah those of hifl own lineage those of hii 

the law according to his power. And if by chance a chieftain of ^^'^"^ '**^®' 

lineage be not sufficient to bring to justice the malefaotoiv 

that the Justiciar with the help 

of the other chieftains, with the King's power 

. • . and all the other things that to the presenration of 

the King's peace belong loyally to do 

• , acknowledge themselves to be held and according to 

this ordinance 

. . . . that in every county be established ten men of note Ten in each 
^w, «»«w» county, with 

or ^^^ theShiriff 

men of note or more, if such there be, together with the ^^ Coroners, 

to hold 
Sheriff and Coroners^ • . . enquiry and 

. . . . enquire of all manner of malefactors, and these same §J^J^ *^*^' 

to punish and imprison and 

whom the King shall assign for that 


It is agreed also for the good of the peace that for the 
amendment •..•..••• 

that is to say, of money, and of forestallers of the Honey. 

market, for the preservation Foreetallers. 

of the peace and published, and firmly held 

in all these points 

And wheieas merchants and the common part of the people 
of this land are [much] impoverished and oppressed by the 
prises of great lords of the land, who take what they will 
through the country, as it pleases them, without making 
reasonable payment or satisfaction with those from whom the 
things are taken ; and also whereas they will sojourn at their 
pleasure, and lodge with the good people of the country against 
their will, to destroy and impoverish them, It is agreed and 
assented that no such prises be henceforth made, without No priiee to 
reasonable payment or satisfaction being made, and that no one ^ "'•^ ^***^" 


Acorde est % aasentu q nuls teles p^ses seyent decy en 
auaunt fetes saunz renable paye ou gre fere. E q nal ne 
Oberge ne soiome a meyson de aatri p tiel malice enoon? le 
gre de oeli qi la mesoun est p' ses biens destruie. E si nult 
le fet seyent tieles p^s.^ 

^ Thd entry Sn the roU la incomplete. 

HI. EDWARD 11. 269 

lodge or sojoura at the house of another, through such evil out payment 
motiye, against the will of him whose house it is, to destroy his ^S'^™®"* 
goods, and if any do it^ such prises [and such manner of lodge with 
destructions shall be held for open robbery, and the King shall j^inJt his 
have the suit thereof, if others will not, nor dare not sue.]' ^iH* 

[In Sir Richard Bolton's edition of the Irish Statutes (1621), 
thefoUomng^ which are not found in the Patent RoU {above) or 
in the entry in the Red Booh of the Exchequer of Irelcmd^ which 
follows, appear as Chapters II. and V, respectively of the Statutes 
enacted in this Parliament of 1310. 

It is agreed also that none shall keep idle people nor keam [Cap. II.] 

in time of peace, to live upon the poor of the country, but that Kearns and 

those, which will have them, shall keep them at their own Qot to^ 

charges, so that their free tenants, nor farmers, nor other ^?P* *** ^?* 
®^ * ^ ofpeaoeat 

tenants be not charged with them. And if any idle man or charge of 
keam take anything of any person against his will, in* the form °^ ' 
aforesaid, the wardens of the peace and the sheriff of the county, 
where such act shall be done, shall do with him as ik ith an open 
robber, as often as they shall have notice thereof, by indict- 
ment, or by the suit of the King or the party. 

It is ordained and provided that there shall be certain [Cap. VJ 

justices assigned to take the assizes of Mortdauncestor, and of Justices 

Ifovel Disseisin, in all the counties of Ireland, and to deliver to make 

the gaols, in the same counties, and that they shall make es. ^^^^ ^^ 

treats of the fines and amerciaments, chattels of felons and Exchequer. 

other manner of profits which appertain to the King, throughout 

tbeir offices, and such estreats shall deliver into the Exchequer 

twice every year, that is to say, at Easter term and Michaelmas 


1 Bnpplied ttcim Statutis of IrOand, 8 Bd. IL to 13 Jao. L, edited by Sir Bicliard 
Bolton, lan. 


3 EDWARD 11. A.D. 1310. 
[Red Book of the Exghequbb in Irslakd, fol. 25.] 

C»pm.T.i A CORDB est ausint e asaenta qe nul g^t seign' ne 
-^--^ autre ne face duresoes nianaoes noun duemet ^ . • 8 
p"^ auoir de lour g^t raunooun par tiele voie de eztorsioun 
ne p^ doner les ^teccion. E ceaux qi tieles manieres de 
^itecciouns dounent ou receyuent autre qe le Rei ausiblen 
. 2 le Receyuour cdme le donour a la volentee 
le Rei forsp^s soulement les seign's q par reaoun de lour reale 
frauncbise prount pteccioun doner donz lour fraunchises. 
^^ Acorde est ausint e assentu qe si nul hdme feffe autre 

Capm. Tj. de sa Pre en lentente de aler de guer[re]^ ou de fere autre 
felonie, e apres la felonie fete de auoir ariere sa Pre auaundit« 
qe [ti]'eles manieres de feffementz soient tenuz pur nuls. 
Mes tantost apres la felonie fe[te]^ eit le Rei Ian e le 
Wastf de meismes les tenemetz e puis les eit le chief seiga' 
come sa eschete. Issint nep'q^nt qe la verite du fet e la 
maniere du feflfement seit p^mes enq»s [pj^ar brief de la 

Capm Tij. Acorde est ausint qe nul sur peyne de vie e de membre 
ne doune ne vende ne par nul artf ne par nul engyn face 
auoir a null Engleis ne Irreis qi aptement countre la pees 
le Rey seit, yuyres ou vitailles ne autre chose qe aleir le 
puisse, ne oue luy ne tiegne pole ne cdpaignye ne luy face 
ne consail ne aide ne fauour ne luy doigne. Mes list a chescu 
qi a la pees le Rei seit a ooure sur tiels manieres de f elouns, 
e les destruyre t^nt quil se Toillent faire iustizables a la pees 

ng. „ J-* Acorde est ausint p* bien de la pees des pties de Leynestere 
q si nul home Irreis ou Engleis seit de guerre en un des 
quaire Counteez de Leynestere, qe toutz les quatre Counteez 

* The earlier pari ia wanting In the Red Book. 

4 Oblitereted. 



3 EDWARD II. A^D. 1310. 

IT is also agreed and assented that no great lord or other Cap. T. (^ 
person unduly make duresse or menace [to anyone] to have ^!^^ '^^ 
of them great ransom by such way of extortion, or give them tions bub the 
protection. And that those who give or receive such manner of '°^' 
protection, other than the King, as well the receiver as the giver, 
be at the will of the King, except only the lords, who by franchieeB. 
reason of their royal franchise, may give protection within their excepted, 

It is also agreed and assented that if any man enfeoff Cap* VI. O 
another of his land, with the intent of going to war or com- ^!^"^^ 
mitting any other felony, and after the commission of the intent to rebel 
felony, to have ag«iin his aforesaid land, that such manner of felony voicL 
feoffments be held for nought; but that presently after the 
felony committed, the King have the year and the wastes 
of the same tenements, and that afterwards the chief lord 
have them as his escheat, so nevertheless that the truth 
of the fact, and the manner of the feoffment be first enquired 
of by writ out of Chancery. 

It is also agreed that no one, upon pain of life and limb, Cap. VII. 
give or sell, or by any arts or contrivance, cause any Englishman f^liy 
or Irishman, who may be openly against the King's peace, to ▼ictuals or 
have provisions or victuals or any other thing that might be rebellion, 
for Ids sustenance, or hold parley or company with him, or 
afford him counsel or aid or show him any countenance. But it 
shall be lawful for everyone who is in the King's peace, to 
pursue such manner of felons and destroy them, until they Pursuit of 
be willing to become amenable to the King's peace. "^^ * 

It is also agreed, for the welfare of the peace of the districts Q^p^ y|jj^ 
of Leinster, that if any man, Irish or English, be at war Kone at war 
in one of the four counties of Leinster, that all the four counties ^^ ^ ^^^ 

1 Printed in Sir Bichard Bolton's edition of the Statutes (1021), as cap. m. 
* rrinted lo same as cap. IV. 


de LeyoeBtere deyaent tenir de guerre, issint qil ne aeit 
receu a pees sauntz assent des sen des quatre Countoes 
auaiitditz, e taut cOme nul seit issint de guerre nul des 
qnatre Oountees auaatditz, ne luy doiine ne luy vende vyure 
ne vitailles, ne nule autre chose sicOme est auautdit sur la 
peyne auaOtdite. 
Capm. iz. Acorde est ausint e assentu qe oeauz qi vnt Pres en Marche 
facent garder lour M^rchez e si nul par lour necgligenoe e 
lour apte defaute e p' lour yeisins « les Pres des veisins 
destrnyre, soeffrent de gree e p' malioe lour dites marches 
destruyre « p' prendre par felouns Irreis ou autres la ou il 
les puissent auoir defenduz e poynt ne flret ne fere ne yoleient. 
Mes p^ lour apte defaute les passages e les chemyns des 
marchatz e de autres qe sunt a la pees le Bei sount estopeez. 
E par taunt entree est done as Irreis felouns en les Pres 
de pees qi p'prendrount e destruyerount les Pres veisines ; en 
tiel cas list au Bei ou au chief seignur de qi les dites marches 
s'rount tenues qe sul conquerent les dites Marches, de tenir 
les en lour mayns taut qe les coustages luy soient renduz, 
les quels il auera mys ausi bien p' la Pre conquerre oOme 
de le affermer e garder. 
Capn> X. Acorde est ausint qe defendu seit a toutz les Religious 

qe meynent en Pre de pees ou Pre Engleis qil ne receyuent 
en lour ordre ne en lour Religioun si ceaux noun qe sount 
de la nacioun des Engleis, e si autrement le facent le Bey 
se prendra a eaux cOme a ceals qi sount despisours de son 
cOmaundement. E lour auowez se ^ndret ausint a eaux come 
a ceaux qi sunt desobeissauntz e cont^riauntz a ceste ordenatice 
fete par le cOmun consail de la Pre. 
Capm.zj. Acorde est ausint qe p' ceo qe cestes ordenaunoes aount 
si sollempnemet fetes pur commun pfit de tote la Pre 
Dirlaunde, sil ne soient fermemet tenues e gardees sans 
blemysement en nul poynt par durablement, g*nt damage 
s'reit a tote la Pre auautdite seieut les articles des ordenaunoes 

in. ED\Ti^RD II. 273 

of Leinster ought to hold him as at war, so that he bo not counties of 

Leinster to 
received to peace without the asaent of the seneschals of the hare victuals 

four counties aforesaid, and so long as any be so in rebellion^ "^PP 

that no one of the four counties aforesaid give or sell him pro 

visions or victuals or any other thing as aforesaid, upon the 

penalty aforesaid. 

It is also agreed and assented that those who have lands in ^^' ^• 
the march, cause their marches to be guarded, and i^ harolanda in 
any, by their negligence and their open default, and so as to the marches 
destroy their neighbours and their neighbours' lands, wilfully them, 
and of malice, suffer their said marches to be destroyed and 
taken by Irish felons or others, whereas they might have de- 
fended them, and they do it not nor are willing to do it; 
but by their open default, the passes and the roads used 
by merchants and others who are in the King's peace, are 
stopped. And thereupon entrance is given to Irish felons into Where roads 
lands at peace, who thus shall take and destroy the neighbouring J^^^^* ^'* 
lands ; in such case, it shall he lawful for the King or the lord to hold 
chief lord, of whom the said marches shall be held, if they oonquored, 
conquer the said marches, to hold them in their hands until the ^^^ repaid 
charges be paid them, which they shall have expended as well guarding, Ao, 
in conquering the land as in securing and guarding it. 

It is also agreed that it be forbidden to all the Religious who Cap. X. 

dwell in a territory at peace or in English land, to receive into 9''^^ **^**® °' 

the English 
their order or into their religion any, save those who are of the nation to be 

English nation, and if they do otherwise, the King shall act SBUirious 

towards them as in the case of those who are despisers of orders. 

his command; and their patrons shall demean themselves 

towards them as in the case of those who are disobedient and 

opposed to this oi-dinance, made by the common council of the 


It is also agreed that, inasmuch as these ordinances are thus Cap. XI. 

solemnly made for the common benefit of the whole land of Ire- Fofcfifoing 

ordinanoes to 
land, if they be not firmly held and kept without infringement be published. 

in any point for ever, there would be great injury to the whole 

land aforesaid, the articles of the aforesaid ordinances be read 

T . 


auautdiies ci deuaunt tut le poeple lu e publie e qe Eroeuefiq 
Euesq e autres ^latz qi ci sount escnmengont sollempnement . J 
ceaux qi enoountre cestes ordenaonces en nul point yen- 
drount p*ueement ou ap[tement]^ par force ou par artf ou 
par engyn on en nule maniere quele qe ele Beit. E estre 
[ceo]^ soieut les articles auautditz maundes desouz le seal 
le Eei a toutz les Erceuesqs d[e la ditj^f re e qe eaux facent 
les ditz articles en chescune Eglise Gathedrale de tote lour 
p[vin]'ce e aillours la ou il voient qil fet afera pur bien 
de la pees le Rei lire e publier [ep uiaunder ceo qe en 
eaux est quil soient par tut tenuz. £ de fere escumeng^ en 
cb[es]^cune eglise Gathedrale e pochiale toutz ceaux qi Yount 
encoutre les dites ordinau[ces]* en nul poynt aptement ou 
p'ueement sicOme est availtdit. 


Auctoritate ^dca^ ordinacionu puisionu « concessionu 
veflabit paP M : Ar^eps Casset W : Ossor Eps. W : Imet Eps, R : 
Lismor Eps. M : Leighlin Etcs confirmatus % ceteii ^relati xij"* 
die ffebr in Maiori eccia sci Kenni de Kilkenny in ^sencia 
dno^ Rici Com Yltoii John Wogan Justic Hi^ii, lUci de Glare, 
Johis fit Thome, JoHis de Barry, Maur de Rupeforti « alioJjL 
ptimc^ magnatu fre Hibii % de e<^dem assensu pnudarut 
q*mdam sentenciam in hec verba. 

Nos M : miseracione diuina Archieps Gasselens. W : Ossor. 
W : Iroet. R. Lismor "Epi « M : Leighlin Etcs confirmatus 
auctoritate dei pat% omipotentis %M% spti sci « gtiose semp 
yirginis gntricis dei Marie « Bi Archangti Micfeis « Omum 
Angt(^ Bo^ Petri % Pauli« Omium Apl(^ Marti^ Gonfesso^ % 
virginu excoicamus anathematizamus dampnam' « a liniinib3 
see Mat^s eccie sequest^mus omes % singulos qui amodo pacem 

^ Obllteii^ted. >TonL 


and published before all the people, and that the archbishops 
and bishops and other prelates who are bere, solemnly excom- Offenders to 
municate those who against these ordinances in any point offend, muQid^ted 
secretly or openly, by force or by contrivance or design, or in 
any manner, whatsoever it be. And further that the articles 
aforesaid be sent under the King's seal, to all the arch- 
bishops of the [said] land, and that they cause the said articles 
to be read and published in every cathedral church of their 
entire pro[vince] and elsewhere, wherever they see fit that it 
should be done for the welfare of the King's peace, [and] com- 
mand (as far as in their power) that the [said articles] be, 
in all points, observed ; and that they cause to be excommuni- 
cated, in every cathedral and parish church, all those who act 
contrary to the said ordinances, in any point, openly or 
secretly, as aforesaid. 

Sentence. — By authority of the aforesaid ordinances, 
provisions and grants, the venerable fathers M[aurice], 
archbishop of Cashel, W[illiam], bishop of Ossory, 
W[i]liam], bishop of Emly, B[ichard], bishop of lismore, 
M[aurice, bishop] elect and confirmed of Leighlin, and other 
prelates, on the 12th day of February, in the great church of 
St. Canice, Kilkenny, in presence of the lords, Richard, earl 
of Ulster, John Wogan, justiciar of Ireland, Richard de Clare, 
John son of Thomas, John de Barry, Maurice de Rochfort, 
and many other magnates of the land of Ireland, and with their 
assent, pronounced a certain sentence in these words, — 

"We, M[aurice]. by divine mercy, archbishop of Cashel, Excom- 
W[illiam] of Ossory, W[illiam] of Emly, R[ichard] of Lismore, pronounced 
bishops, and M[aurice, bishop] elect and confirmed of Leighlin, JpStCanice's, 
by authority of God the father Almighty, the Son and the 
Holy Spirit, and of the ever glorious Virgin Mary, mother of 
God, St. Michael the archangel and all angels, saints Peter 
and Paul, and all the apostles, martyrs, confessors and virgins, 
excommunicate, anacheroatize, condemn, and from the threshold 
of Holy mother church, exclude all and singular those who shall 

T 2 


dni Regis in f ra HiBn scienP maliciose violaaerint pt'bafiini sea 
Tiolari « pturbsri manda&int concesseriot vol assenserint p se 
yel alios consilio yel auzilio arte yel ingenio cum 5ib3 faatoTib5 
siue dam yel palam cui^cumq^ ffiint oondicioniSy simili modo 
omes illos « singulos cai'cumq^ condicionis fSint qui ordinaciones 
^dcas in hoc parliamento ordinatas pi'bafiint yiolafiint aeu 
irrita&int mandafiint seu tempta&int seu fauorem auxiliu aut 
receptamentu pi'batorib5 « violatorib3 scienP dederint quoqno 

Apres totes les auautdites bosoignes cheuyes en la fourme 
auaQtdite ordene f ut par la Justice e par le consail le Bei p' 
ceo qe multz des gens sunt fetz yiscountes par resoun de g^te 
Pres « tenements qil tienent qi poy sount saehauntz del oflSce 
yiscountell « bien deyuent estre qe il ne ynt guers de tieles 
choses apris^ — 

■ Endy incomplete. 

III. KDWARD 11. 277 

hoQoeforth, the peace of the lord the King in the land of Ire- 
landf knowingly, malicioualj, violate or disturb, or command, 
grant or assent to its being violated or distui-bed, by themselves 
or others, by counsel or aid, art or design, with all their 
favourers, whether secretly or openly, of whatsoever condition 
they be ; in like manner, all and singular those, of whatsoever 
condition they be, who the aforesaid ordinances in this parlia- 
ment ordained, shall disturb, violate or make void, or assail, or 
knowingly give aid or shelter to disturbers and violators in 
any manner. 

After all the aforesaid businesses concluded in form aforesaid, 
it was ordained by the Justiciar and by the King's council, 
that whereas many of the people are made sheriffs by reason of 
the great lands and tenements that they hold, who, little learned tJi^suitaUa 
in the office of sheriff (and they should be well skilled therein), appointed 
seeing that they have little acquaintance with such things — •w™- 


10 EDWARD IL A.D. 1316. 
[Mehorakda Roll, Exche<)ueb, 3-11 Edward II. m. 13 dp 

CUM p ditcm % fidelem nrm Edmudum le BotiJler Justic 
nrm HiBii « totum oons nrm ibidem p pacis nre oon- 
8eraaa>iie « coi pojSli nri Ytilitate iam concordaui sit % 
ordinatu, qd omes % singuli redditus firme pficua « alii qaicum<^ 
exitus PraJ^ % ten qn(^cu(|^ alienigena^ « ex^e<^ hoim in 
^dca fra iira HiBn qui ex* eandem fium nram se tenent 
ns redditus % firmas suas plenarie ibidem recipiunt « alibi 
expendunt p sua voluntate n* custus aeu misas aliquas in 
defensione Pra^ % ten suoj^ ^dcdf. appofie curant, p quod p 
maiori pte in e<^ deftm tarn fre % ten nra q*m alio^ fideliu 
iiro^ ibidem et fre % ten sua ppria p difiaos maleftores « 
pacis nre pfbatores hucvsc^ destniunt' « vasta iacent « 
inculta in nri % toci^ populi nri ^dci dampnu gHussimii % 
intollerabile, de cetero ad opus nrm leuenf^ coUigant' « 
recipiant', ita qd tota pec inde pueniens in Thei nnn apd 
Dublin sine ditone liBef^ ibidem in depoaito remanenda « 
p pacis nre conseruacione « ^dce Pre nre defendone cu tempis 
acciderit oportunitas ex^jendenda. 

^ This enactment is recited in a writ dated 11th Septeniber. 10 Edward IL 
and, from the wordiam in the preamble, it would appear to have been made 

Inst prior to that date. Edmund le Botillec was appointed Justiciar of Ireland 
>7 writ of 4 Jan.. 8 Ed. II. (1314-16), holding that office untU 1818. (|9ee ZXYL 
Report Dep. Keeper Records. Ireland, Appendix IIL. p. 68. noted 

t. EDIfARD tl. 27d 

10 EDWARD IL A,D. 1316. 

WHEREAS by our beloved and faithful Edmund le 
Botiller, our justiciar of Ireland, and our whole 
council there, for the preservation of our peace and the 
common benefit of our people, it is now agreed and 
ordained that all and singular the rents, farms, profits, Roita of alien 
and other issues whatsoever of lands and tenements of ig^^ to be 

any aliens and foreiimers whatsoever in our aforesaid land f*?^'^^®^ 
•^ *=* for defoDce of 

of Ireland, who keep themselves outside our said land, and the country, 
their rent-t and farms fully there receive, and expend themr 
elsewhere at their pleasure, nor care to apply any costs or 
expenses in the defence of their lands and tenements 
aforesaid, whereby principally through their defaulc, as well 
our lands and tenements as those of other our liegemen there, 
and their own lands and tenements, by divers malefactors and 
disturbers of our peace have been heretofore destroyed, and lie 
waste and uncultivated, to the very grievous and intolerable 
injury of us and all our people aforesaid, from henceforth 
be levied, collected and received to our use, so that all the 
money thereout arising shaU be delivered into our treasury at 
Dublin, without delay, there to remain in deposit^ and to be 
expended for the preservation of our peace and the defence of 
our land aforesaid, whensoever occasion shall require. 


13 EDWARD IL A.D. 1320. 

[Red Book of the EIxohequbb in Ibeland, fol. 27.] 

Fi^BDINAjGONBS^ acte in parliamento Dublin in menae 
L V>^ Pasche anno regni Reg E. fit Reg B. tercio decimo, 
coram Ro^o de Mortuo Mari Justic HiBn « oonailio dni R^is 
« [aj^liis magnatibus terre Hite tanc ibidem existentibus, in 
forma que sequit'. 

Edward par la grace dieu Rej Dengleterre Seignear 
Dirlaunde % Ducks Daquitayne [as]^ Meir « aa Bailli& de 
Dyuelyn salutz. Come par cdmun assent de nre Justice 
Er[che]^uesq8 Euesqs Countes Barouns « tote la cOmunalte de 
lire Pre Dirlaunde a nre plement a Dyuelyn tenutz au meys de 
Pasche Ian de nre Regne treszyme seit acorde « assentu [q]^ les 
ordenaunces souzescrites soient fenuement tenutz « establitz en 
tote nre Pre auant dite ceo est asauoir, pur lez g*nte greuaunces 
ns oppressiouns q nre poeple en Irelaunde ad suffert ca en arere, 
p defaute quil ny auoit certeyn remedy ne recourir ordeinetz 
en plusors cas ou mesf^ feust, q toutz les articles snsditz en le 
hon' de dieu et de seinte Eglise « p' le profit du poeple auaunt- 
dit seient pleynement desore en auant tenuz e gardez en touc 

Capm. A de p'mes acorde est q seinte Eglise soit fraunche « eit 

pnmum ^^ ^^ fraunchises et ses fraunches custumes saunz nule 

manierre de blemissement, et q la g^nde chartre le Roy graunte 
a la clergie « au poeple Dirlaunde soit puplie « tenutz en touz 
poyns. £t q tou« les articles contenuz de souz le g^d seal 
Denglet^re a desclarer en quelt cas la phibicion le Roy deit 
estre garde et en quelt noun soit puplie % tenuz. 
Gapm. ij. Acorde est auxsint q les estatus de Weymoust' le p^mer i le 

secouud, M^'ton, Marleberge, et Gloucestre seent tenutz et les 

^ These ordinances were conflrmod in a parliament held in Kilkenny, 19 
Edward IL 
< Obliterated. 


13 EDWARD II. A.D. 1320. 

ORDINANCES enacted in a parliament at Dublin in the 
month of Easter, in the thirteenth year of the reign of 
King Edward, son of King Edward, before Roger de Mortimer, 
justiciar of Ireland, and the council of the lord the King, and 
other magnates of the land of Ireland then there being, in 
the form following : — 

Edward bj the grace of God, King of England, lord of Ire- 
land and duke of Aquitaine, t(* the mayor and bailiffs of Dublin 
greeting : Whereas by common assent of our Justiciar, the 
archbishops, bishops, enrls, barons and the entire commonalty 
of our land of Ireland, in our parliament held at Dublin in the 
month of Easter, in the thirteenth year of our reign, it is agreed 
and assented that tlie under written ordinances be firmly held 
and established in all our land aforesaid, that is to say, in con- 
sideration of the great grievances and oppressions which oar 
people in Ireland have suffered in the past, by reason of their 
having no certain remedy or recovery ordained in many cases 
where need was, [and] that all the underwritten articles, in the 
honour of Qod and of Holy church, and for the profit of the people 
aforesaid, be henceforth fully observed and kept in all points. 

Firstly, it is agreed that Holy church be free, and have all Chap. T. 
her liberties and free customs without any manner of infringe- 
meut) and that the great charter of the King granted to the 
clergy and people of Ireland be published and observed in all 
points ; and that all the articles contained under the great seal 
of England declaring in what case the King's piohibition, and 
in what name, ought to be observed, be published and held. 

It is also agreed that the Statutes of Westminster the First Ceuf. IL 
and the Second, of Merton, of Marlborough and Gloucesteri be S'^f^'"' 

■ minster the 

1 The Statutes of Westminster the First and Second, and the Statnte of First, and 
Qlouoeeter were ordered to be observed in Ireland by Writ IS Edw. I. (see p. 46), other statutea. 
and are imoUed in the Bed Book of the Exchequer in Ireland. The provisions 

of Merton wera to be observed under Writ W Hezury IIL (see p. 20). The 
Statute of Marlborough (62 Henry IH), would not appear to hav 
previously authoriz 
Rsalm, VOL I., p^ 19. 

Statute of Marlborough (62 Henry IH), would not appear to have been 
eviously authorized ior observance here ; it will be found in SMuU$ of ths 


altres estatutz fetz en Engleterre p le Roy « son conseil seent 
redietz « examinetz deuaunt le conseil le B07 entre cy « le 
proschein plement % la puplietz ^ leg points q oouenables sount 
pur le poeple e la pees de la terre Dirlande soient illuesqes 
confermetz et tenutz, salues toutz iours les bones cnstames et 
usages de la terre. 
Capm. iij. Et p^ oeo q le comun poeple Dirlaunde est mtt greue et a poy 

destruyt et les terres de seinte eglise et du pople sount gasteiz 
% destruytz par diuerses meffesours en la mafie qen suyt, oeo 
est asauoir q tout pleyn des gentz maundent lour gentz, 
chiuaux, cheens, et oyseals pur soiomer as mesouns des bones 
gentz Religiouns e altres enoontre lour voluntie et pernent * 
destruyent lour biens % ausi altres sount q sount ou se fount 
des lynages et cuyllent g^de conpaignie a eaux des bobelours 
vdyues gentz et altres mauoys, encontre )a pees « autres 
gentz a pee q vount de ville en ville de home en home, 
demandauntz curtoisies des denieires bleetz « altres manierres 
des vitailles, % si home ne les doun ar lour voluntie il manacent 
la gent de vie « de membra % ialemeyuH pnent les biens des 
bones gentz en noun de gage, % les tenent taunt quil eent lour 
demaunde. Parquey p'ueu aoorde % assentu est q come tiels 
mafies de mefesours vendront en pays q bu « cry soit 
leue s' eaux, a quey tout le poeple lieue « les p'sue % preigne 
sil 80 Youdront rendre, et tauntost soient maundetz a la p^sone 
le Boy et la demoergent taunt q dreit seit fait de eaux come 
de eaux q sount encontre la pees le Roy et les biens % les 
chyuaux cheens % oyseaux soient forfetz au Roy ou a seign'' 
de iraunchise ou a Baroun qad conissaunce de meynoenre 
ou tieuz trepasses soient faitz. Et sil ne se vuillent my 
rendre soient pursuitz % fait de eaux come de felouns enoontre 
la pees. Et en meisme la mafie soit fait de Keemes q*nt 
il vendront en pais et rien pernent centre la voluntie de 
nully. Et auxsi des gentz q viegnent oue g^nde compagnie 
des gentz maliciousement a la mesoun dacun saunz estre 
requis et despendut et gastent les biens de loianx gentz en 

Xm. EDWARD li. 283 

held, and the other statutes made in England bj the King and 

his council be read and examined before the King's council 

between this and the next parliament, and there published, and 

that the points which are applicable to the people and the peace 

of the land of Ireland be from thenceforth confirmed and held, 

saving always the good customs and usages of the land. 

And inasmuch as the common people of Ireland are greatly Chaf. 111. 

• -^ j^gninat those 
distressed and well nigh destroyed, and the lands of Boly ^go commit 

Church and of the people are wasted and destroyed bjr divers ^^^ 

evildoers, in manner following, that is to say, that all manner 

of men send their people, horses, dogs and birds, to lodge 

in the houses of honest folk, religious [communities] and others 

against their will, and take and desti-oy their goods; and others 

there are also, who are or pretend to be men of birth, and they 

collect to themselves a great company of hobelers, idle men 

and other evil persons against the peace, and other men on 

foot, who go from town to town, from man to man, demanding 

presents of money, com and other kinds of victuals, and if one 

gives them not at their will, they threaten people with loss of 

life and limb, and further, they take the goods of honest people, 

by way of pledge, and hold them until they have their demand. 

Wherefore it is provided agreed and assented, that when such 

class of evildoers come into the country, hue and cry be raised uue and cry 

against chem, at which all the people rise and pursue them, ^^i^g'^i^Qg 

and apprehend them, if they will give themselves up, and b&ndB, who 

» .r o ri demand enter- 

that they be immediately committed to the King's prison, and tainment 

there remain until right be done of them, as those who are 

against the King's peace, and that their goods, horses dogs penalty on 

and birds be forfeited to the King, or to the lord of. the liberty 

or to the baron who has oogmsanoe of mainour, where such 

trespasses are committed. And if they will not give themselves 

up, that they be pursued, and it be done to them as to felons 

against the peace. And in the same way it be done to kernes, 

when they come into the country and take anything against the 

will of any. And also as regards those who come of malice with 

a great company of men to the house of any without being 



abessauntz « destruyauntz le poeple. Defendu [est q]^ nol 
desormeB le face, et quy le fra soit fait de lay oome des felouna 
soutz ditz. £t [en mej^me la mafie soit fait en fraunchises 
de ceaux q trepassent en les fraunchises et [en bapronnyaa 
q ount oonissaunces de meynoeure. Et si tiels meffesotirs 
se fuent e ne [se]' vuUlent mye iusticer a la pees le Bey 
les seignnrs des fraunchises « lour seneschaux les facent 
prendre « maunder a la p^ne le Bey si les trespas soient 
faitff en le Gildable. Et si en fraunchises soient faitz, facent 
les seignurs e lour Seneschaux mys par eaux si oome est 
auant dit. 
C»p3i. iiij. Et pur oeo q le cdmun poeple est mult grene p vdyues 

gene « altres q portent rentes de diuerses gentz de la terre 
pur estre de lour auowerye « en lour proteccions par lour 
tres patentes et par taunt sount enbauditz de meffere, et 
charger veysins « le pople par quey hOme ne poet lour biens 
enioyer lour dreit pursure ne defendre pur doute de tiel 
manierre dauowerye; Acorde est q nul ne face proteccion 
desormes si le Rey noun et seignur de fraunchise. Et purueu 
est q le viescount enquierge de Counte en Counte qux sunt 
ceaux portours de tiels manierree de rentes fesours « 
receyuours de tiels protecdons % 4es preignent, et sU seient 
atteyntez devaunt Justices assignes ou la cbef Justice, eyent 
la p^one dun an en chastiement de eaux et des altres. Et 
les justices assignetz ou la chef Justice facent dreit a tou« 
ceaux q de eaux se vodrount pleyndre. Et q nul graunt 
seignur ne altre preygne vyures vytailles ne autres chateaux de 
nul derc ne de nul lay ne de lour tenauns ou altres centre lour, 
voluntie, et quy le fra et quy le /ra' et de ceo seyt atteynt 
soit puny solomc la quantite du trespas.^ Et q nul viesoounte 
ministre ne altre de la terre nie affoerent nul amerciement 
de nuly si noun par lour perres a oeo metz. Et qui le fra 
« de ceo seit atteynt rende a la partie ses damages en double 
et soit aficie greuousemet. 

1 Obliterated. * Wordi repeated in M8. 

• From this to the end of the poracrraph appean to have been scored oat in 
ink, and the leoring afterwardi lorapea oat 

xni. EDWARD n. 286 

bidden, and spend and waste the goods of loyal men, in abusing 
and destroying the people ; it is forbidden that any henceforth 
do this, and whoever shall do it, that it be done to him as to the 
felons aforesaid. And in the same m ay, that it be done in liber- 
ties to those who commit trespass in the liberties and baronies, 
which have cognisance of mainour. And if such evildoers flee 
and will not submit to the King's peace, that the lords of the 
liberties and their seneschals cause them to be apprehended 
and committed to the King's prison, if the trespass be com- 
mitted iu geldable land ; and if in liberties, that the lords and 
their seneschals appointed by them do as aforesaid. 

And whereas the common people are much troubled by Cbat. TV. 
idle men and others who bear rents of divers people of 
the land, for being of their avowry and protection by 
their letters patent, and who thereby are emboldened in 
evil doing and burdening their neighbours and the people, 
on account of which none can enjoy their goods, prosecute 
or defend their rights for fear of such kind of patronage; 
it is agreed that none henceforth grant protection, except the Kone to grant 
King and the lord of the liberty. And it is provided that the S[ve^e^K£ng 
sheriff enquire, from county court to county court, who they are *»*d lord* o£ 
that bear such kind of rents, the makers and receivers of such 
protections, and that they apprehend them, and if they be con- 
victed before the justices assigned or the Chief J usticiar, that they 
be imprisoned for a year, as a punishment to them and others. 
And that the Justices assigned or the Chief Justiciar do right 
to all those who will complain of them. And that no great Ko great lord 
lord or other person take provisions, victuals or other goods, of ^^J^^ ^f 
any clerk or layman or of their tenants or others against their any against 
will, and whoso will do it and is of this convicted, that he be 
punished according to the amount of the trespass. And that no 
sheriff, officer or other of the land assess any amercement on 
any, except by their peers for this purpose appointed; and 
whoso will do it and is of this convicted, pay to the party his 
damages two>fold and be heavily fined. 


Capm.T. Et q en chescnn Gountee aeent justices assignes ceo est 

asaa' un home de Court sage et loial et pnissaunt^ qiiy oue 
deaux cbiualers du Countee ou altres bones gens couenables 
a ceo assignetz, deuaiint qux « nuls altres ou deanx de eaux 
si touB ne puissent entendre, dount celuy de Court seit lun, 
sauue le poer la Justice Dirlaunde ou altre cause couenable, 
seient les assises certificacions et atteyns p'Fes « la Oaole 
delyueretz q»iit meister serra. Et les dites Justices enquer- 
gent a chescun sessyon ou a meyns deaux foitz par an, ooment 
les viescountes et south viescountes seriauntz et sontzseri- 
auntz eyeut fait lour offices et la pees garde sur les articles 
Busdites. Et q meisme ceaux Justices enquergent des vies- 
oounts southviesoountes et lour clers seriauntz et lour 
soutzministres coment il se portent en lour offices et faoent 
droit de eaux et oyent « Pminent les pleintes de chescuny 
q de ceaux pleyndre se vodra. Et si les treis ne pount 
entendre deaux do eaux le facent. Et q nul hdme eyt 
cOmission de Justicerie saunz le oonseil le Rey, ceo est a sauoir 
la chef Justice, Cbauncelier, Thresorier, Justices du Baunk 
et Barouns del Eschekier. Et ordeyne est q ceaux q deyuent 
venir a hu *« crye et ne yenont poynt seient deuaunt les 
Justices assignetz reyns a suyte de partie ou a ^sentemenl 
de yiescounte a la suyte le Key, sil seent atteyntz e rendent 
a la partie greue ses damages en double. 

Cftpm. Tj. [Et q la]' chief Justice a ses venues par pais q»nt luy plerra 

enquierge coment [les minj^istres del Eschekier et du Baunk 
Justices, assignes et altres ministres % lour . ' portent 

en lour office et ceaux qnyl trouera en defaote les face pnnir 
solomc [son discj'recion. Et si nul ministre seit atteynt du tres- 
pas tochaunt son office a suyte [la parjtie, eyt la partie recourir 
de ses damages ?s lui, et ialemeyns seyt puny [p le]^ Rey 
solomc la manierre du trespas. 

1 0Uitenited. ' Ton. 

Xin. EDWARD II. 287 

And that in each county justices be assigned, that is to Chap. V. 

Hay, a man of court, wise, and lawful and powerful, who, ^jlj'jjj^ 

with two knights of the county or other good men suitable, kni^hta, in 

for this purpose assigned, before whom and no others, or two of to hold 

them, if all cannot hear [the cases] (of whom the man of court ?y"** *^' 

to be one), saving the authority of the Justiciar of Ireland 

or other fitting cause, shall be held the assizes, certifications 

and attainders, and the gaol be delivered, when there shall be 

occasion. And the said justices shall enquire at each session, The justices 

or at least twice a year, how the sheriffs and sub-sheriffs, ^ ^2"*'* ** 

Serjeants and under Serjeants, have performed their offices, 'ormwice of 

their cTutieB 
and presei'ved the peace upon the articles aforesaid. And by the 

that the same justices enquire of the sheriffs, sub-sheriflfe ^"^ ' 

and their clerks, Serjeants and their under officers, how 

they behave in their offices, and do right of them, and 

hear and deteimine the complaints of any who wish 

to complain of them, and if the three cannot hear [the 

cases], that two of them do it. And that no one have a 

commission of the justiceship, without the King's council, that 

is to say, the Chief Justiciar, chancellor, treasurer, justices of 

the Bench, and the barons of the Exchequer. And it is ordained 

that those who ought to come to hue and cry, and come not, 

be arraigned before the assigned justices at suit of the party, 

or on the presentment of the sheriff, at suit of the King, and 

if they be convicted, pay to the injured party his damages 


[And that] the Chief Justiciar on his journeys through the Chap. VI. 

country, when it shall please him, enquire how the officers of justiciar in 

the Exchequer and of the Bench, the justices assigned, and ^"io;*™«y»*<* 

wo enqutte as to 

other officers and their [deputies] behave in their offices, and the officers of 

those whom he shall find to be at fault, he cause to be punished, J^d^e '^^^ 

according to his discretion. And if any officer be convicted of justices of 

any offi^nce touching his office, at suit of [a party], that the 

party have recovery of his damages against him, and further, 

that he be punished by the King according to the nature 

of the offisnoe. 


Capa rij. [£t q cej^aux q alionent lour ierre en voluntie de aler en 

gerre seit fait de eaux solomc[oe]^ q est contennz en lea 
ordenaunoes/at<e« a ^ de Kilkenny*. Et qnil eyt parlement 
chescun an .^ foits a meyns en quel lieu qnyl semble a 
]a Justice % au conseil q meuz sait a faire, [<«] q tons les g^os 
seignurs, Prelatz « autres j yiegnent al pil q apent. 
Capm. viij. ^t q nnl plee seit plede en Leschekier fors q ceaux pleez 

q tonchent le Rey, Ministres [de]^l Eschekier de la Goule 
Daugust taunt q a la seint Micbiel, et de somer dymenge en 
Quarreme taunt qa la Cluse Pasq. 
G»pm. ix, Et q vne mensure et un peys seit par tote Irlaunde ceo est 

a sauoir furment % dautre blie, la quarter de furment de Lundres 
de viij peocf , desqux les vij rees * le vtyme coumble, et dea 
aueynes xiiij peccf coumbletz. Et les busseaux galouns de Tyn 
% de Ceruoise et les altres mesures seent. acoordauntz al 
Estandard le Rey par toute Irelaunde. 
0»pm. X. Et q nul viesoounte lease dosore par meynp^se nul p^sone sil 

ne soit mejnpernable p ley saunz especial maundement de la 
chef Justice, et quy altrement le fait seyt reynt a la voluntie 
]e Rey. 
Capm. zi. Et si nul face Boberie on altres felonies en les Crooes q les 

Seneschaux des ffraunchises q ount retoum des brefs viegnent 
en eyde de ^ndre les felouns a larequeste des seign's de Croccs 
« des seriauns le Bey des dites Croces sur la greue forfeture le 
Rey ausi souent come par eaux serrount requis. 
Capm. zij. Et chescun seneschal de fraunchise q ad retoum des Breff 

seit cntendaunt a altre pur la pees meyntenir et de prendre 
les felouns demorauns en lour baillie p' felunie faito en altry 
franchise et deliurer les ditz felouns al Seneschal de la 
ffraUchise ou il sonnt enditetz. Et q chescun viescounte le Bey 
seit entendaunt a autry maundement de ^ndre et de receuir 
les felouns le Rey aillours enditetz et de eaux sauuement 
garder taunt q il seyent delyures p lay de terre. 

« T<viL « Interlined. • 8 Ed. IL. o. 6 p. 870.) 


[And that] in the oase of those who alienate their land Chap. VII. 
throagh a desire to go to war, it be done to them in ao- ^[^^|^\ 
cordance with what is contained in the ordinances made at view to going 
Kilkenny. And that there be a parliament each year . • . Pi^^i^^ent 
times at least, in the place which seems best to the Justiciar each year, 
and the council [and] that all the great lords, prelates and 
others come thither on the penalty that attaches. 

And that no plea be pleaded in the Exchequer, save those Chap. VIII. 
pleas which touch the King [and] the officers of the Exchequer, "j*^ in the 
from the first of August until St. Michael, and from the last Exchequer. 
Sunday in Lent until the close of Easter. 

And that there be one measure and one weight throughout Chap. IX. 
all Ireland, that is to say, wheat and other grain, [to be ^| ^^^" 
measured by] the quarter of wheat of London, of eight pecks, weight 
seven of which to be rased, and the eighth heaped ; and of oats Ireland, 
fourteen pecks heaped. And that the bushels, gallons of wine 
and ale, and the other measures be in accordance with the 
King's standard throughout all Ireland. 

And that no sheriff henceforth let any prisoner to mainprise, Chap. X. 
if he be not mainpernable by law, without the special com- No one tobe 
mand of the Chief Justiciar, and whoso does otherwise, that he unless main- 
be punished at the King's will. |j^™* ® ^ 

And if any commit robbery or other felony in the Crosses, chap. XI. 
that the seneschals of liberties, who have the returning of ^?°®??^*^®' 
writs, come to aid in capturing the felons, on request of the aid in captur- 
lords of the Crosses, and the King's Serjeants in the said ^^ Crosses! 
Crosses, upon heavy punishment by the King, as often as they 
shall be requested by them. 

And that every seneschal of a liberty, who has the returning q^^ ^jj 
of writs, be intentive to another, for the maintenance of the Seneschals of 
peace, and apprehension of felons abiding in their bailiwicks, for aid in case of 
felony committed in the liberty of another, and for delivering the '®^°^ ^^ 
said felons to the seneschal of the liberty wherein they are in- liberty. 
dieted. And that every of the King's sheriffs be intentive to the 
mandate addressed to another, in apprehending and receiving g^rnVwa^ ^ 
the felons of tlie King elsewhere indicted, and in safely guard- 
ing the same, imtil they be delivered by the law of the land. 



Cap«. xiij. Par quey vous comandoms q oestes ordenaiinces facez lire 

et puplier en cbescune bone vile de vre baillie et oeles siir la 
peyne q est done fermement tenir. Doii de soutz nre g^t 
Real Dirlaunde le xv iour de May Ian de iire Regne susdlt 

Oftpin.nij. Et aoorde est q si nale hdme viegne countre cestes 

ordeinaunces apertement^ q meyntenaunt Lordenaiy da lieu 
ou ses cOmissaris les faoent escomenger saunz de nuly estre 

(reels xiiij ) 

Xlir. EDWAHD II. 291 

Wherefore we command jou that you cause these ordinances Chap. XIII. 
to be read and published in every good town in your bailiwick, 
and the same to be strictly observed, under the penalty ap- 
pointed. Given under our great seal of Ireland the 15th 
day of May, in the aforesaid year of bur reign. 

And it is agreed that if any man openly contravene these Chap. XIII 
ordinances, the Ordinary of the place or his commissaries OjJ^^ry to 

forthwith cause him to be excommunicated, without any "oomniuDi 
, ,- eate offenders, 


V 2 


14 EDWARD n. A.D. 1321. 

[Da Lioa ANoxJCiiNA di vita it iobmbbis is Hibibhia utxnda.]* 

Of THi USB IS Ibbland of thb EirausH Law conoxbhino ufx akd 


IrlBh admitted "^^^ King to his Justiciar of Ireland, who now is and who for the tim^ 
tS^'^ilSi*^ shall be, or to his lieutenant, greeting. Know ye that whereas in the 
***d*u"*S? ^* **°^® ®' *^® ^^^ Edward of famous memorj, formerly King of England, 
our father, and afterwards in our time, it has been frequently shewn 
to our said father and to us, with heavy complaint^ that because 
the Irish admitted to English law in the said land did not 
previously enjoy the said law concerning life and limbs, our peace 
in the said regions was disturbed in many ways, and evil-doers there 
not being punished, were emboldened to commit divers felonies, to tbs 
grievous injury of our people of the said regions ; and [whereas] at length 
in our Parliament summoned at Westminster in the octave of 8t- 
Michael last past, prayer was made to us that we should cause a 
remedy to be applied hereupon, we therefore, wishing to provide for 
the peace and quietness of our said people, will that aU the Irish pre- 
viously admitted to English law and those who hereafter shall happen 
to be admitted thereto, do use henceforth the said law concerning 
life and limbs, and by these presents we command that the Irish so 
admitted and to be admitted to the said law, as well within liberties as 
without, be treated according to the custom of the English, always 
. iQf^f saving in all things the right of us and of other lords, in the goods and 
rlffbt in goods chattels of the tuUivi who are commonly called in those regions 
^ beiaghes, who may happen to be admitted to the said law, and of their 

issue, as regards the possession of those goods and chattels. In 
witness whereof, &c. Witness the King at Westminster the twentieth 
day of January. (To last for five years). 

By the King himself and by petition of the Council 

' The text taken from Patent Boll (Eng.), 14 S4. Ut, p(. 8, m. SI, is printed tn 
Prynne's AnimadvertUmt (1669), p. 903, 

XVn. EDWARD II. ids 

17 EDWARD n. A.D. 1323. 


Ordjkanox madx fob thx statb of thb iakd of Irxlaitd. 

Edward by the grace of God, King of England, lord of Ireland, 
dnke of Aqnitaine, to all those who shall see or hear these present letteis, 
greeting. Know ye that for the amendment of the goyemment of 
our land of Ireland, for the greater peaoe and tranquillity of our people 
in that land, at Nottingham in the ootaves of St. Martin, in the seven- 
teenth year of our reign, by assent of our Council there, the points 
below written were assented to and agreed on, to the end that they may 
be held and firmly kept in the same land. 

I. Firstly, that the Justiciar of Ireland or any other our officer in JnsiiSoiAr aod 
that land, so long as they be in our offices there, shall not purchase land f^d^^t to'^ 
or tenement within the limits or bounds of their jurisdictions, without ^^{S^???.^?^ 
our special leave ; and if any do the contrary, that which he shall have lurisdicttonB. 
purchased shall accrue and be forfeited to us and to our heirs, saving 
to the chief lords of the fee the services due and accustomed, of the 
lands and tenements so accruing and forfeited to us. 

n. Also, that our Justiciar of Ireland or any of our other officers i^ot to take 
there, by pretext of their offices, shall not take victuals or other things 2!!n^ifl^thewill 
of any person against his will, except in case of necessity, for the common o^fti>y> 9^pt 
profit of the land ; and then that he do it by the advice and assent 
of the greater part of our Council in those parts, and by writ of our 
Chancery of Ireland, and in case that we or our heirs shall so command, 
by writ of our Chancery of England or by our other letters. 

m. Also, that our said Justiciar or any of our other officers there, by Not to arrest 
pretext of their office, do not arrest ships or other goods of strangers, ^gj^nugen^Ac. 
or of our own people, but that all merchants and others may carry com 
and other victuals and merchandises out of our land of Ireland into our Herohants to 
realm of England and into our land of Wales, except in the case afore- ^SJlJJ^Sf^to' 
said, paiying the customs due and usual ; provided always that to Bngland ; 
they make sufficient surety that they will not go unto or have dealings ^^j^i ^ ^y^ ^^ 
with our enemies of Scotland or with our other enemies, if any there gj^tch^or^ther 


^ Text taken from Statute Roll (Bngl.), 17 Edward IL, m. 80, is printed In 
Statutes of (he Healm, L, p. 193, and in Rymer's Fasdera, Vol. 11^ part I^ pp. 633-9. 


be ; and if any Jiutioiar or other officer do the contrary of the thing! 
aforesaid and thereof be attainted, that he make satisfaction to the 
plaintiff in double damages, and neyertheleSB be heavily punished on 
our behalf* 

Fee for aeal, ^^* '^^f ^^^^ ^^' ^^ *^ ^^ ^^ Justiciar of Ireland for eveiy bill of 

frttce." ^*"" **' grace, four pence, and for the writing of every bill two pence be 
henceforth taken and paid, and no more. 

Fee of Mafihal V. Also* from him who is committed to prison by authority of our 
Courts when he shall be delivered, that four pence be taken for the fee 
of the Marshal, and no more. And if it happen that anyone contravene 
the things aforesaid and thereof be attainted at our suit or at the suit 
of the party, that he make satisfaction to the party and be heavily 
punished on our behalf. 

Pardon for VL Also, that no pardon of «the suit of our peace for homicide 

felony notto be ^^ ^^^ other felony or protection for him who shall be arraigned or 
thelcing^i^^^^ indicted of such felonies, be made or granted henceforth by our 
apocial man- Justiciar of Ireland, nor sealed with our seal there, without special 
mandate of ourself imder any of our seals of England; saving 
that our said Justiciar and our Chancellor of Ireland, with the 
advice of our Council of Ireland, may grant pardon of felonies com- 
mitted before the date of these presents, according as they see it ought 
to be done for our honour and profit^ and the peace and taranquillity 
of our people there, and according to the mandate which they have 
from us. Provided always that for the felonies which they shall conk- 
mit henceforth, no pardon be made or protection be granted without 
special mandate of ourself, as is aforesaid. 

8«^hi2 VII. Also» that no original writ pleadable at the common law, be 

received by any of our officers without a writ^ sealed under our great 
seal of Ireland, nor any process be made by other writ^ save that by 
our seal of our Exchequer of Ireland ; of things which concern 
that place, that it be done as by reason it ought to be, and aooordiog 
to what has heretofore been accustomed. 

Adjonmmeiit VIU. Also, that our Justiciar of the said land by his writs or 
Niwd DluettitL letters do not delay or adjourn an assise of Novd JHateitin before him» 

except in the county where he shall be present, and while he tarries 

in the same county. 
In witness whereof we have caused these our letters to be made 

patent. Given at Nottingham the 24th day of November, in the 

17th year ui uur reigu. 


Patbnt Roll (Esol,), 17 Edward II., Pr. 1, m. 3. 

The King to his Chancellor of Ireland for the time being, greeting. Publication in 
Certain articles concerning us and the state of our land of Ireland and jand of the ^^ 
of our officers there, by us ordained with the advice of our Council, we Suned'ln'the 
send to yon under our seal in patent form, commanding that you cause ^^^ ordinance. 
those articles to be enrolled in the rolls of our said Chancery, and the 
same to be exemplified under our seal of Ireland in patent form, and to be 
sent to our Justiciar of our said land, and to olir Justices of the Bench 
at Dublin, and to our Treasurer and Barons of the Exchequer at Dublin, 
and to our other officers in the said land, where you shall see fit ; com- 
manding them and on our behalf strictly enjoining, that they cause all 
and singular the said articles to be published in their Places and juris- 
dictions, and as far as to them appertains, to be observed, according to 
the form of the said articles. And that the said Justices, Treasurer, 
and Barons likewise cause the same articles to be enrolled in their 
rolls. We will further and enjoin you, and command, that at the prayer 
and suit of any person, complaining of an attempt or attempts contrary 
to the said articles or to any one of them, as often as you shall be re- 
quired, under our said seal of Ireland, as well for us as for such 
complainants, you make due and speedy remedy, so that you cannot 
be blamed for any default, indifference, or neglect. In witness, &c. 
Witness the King at Nottingham the 24th day of November. 


17 EDWARD 11. A.D. 1324. 
[Rid Book of thb Exchequbb ik Ibkland, fol. 33.] 
EMOHJ^and qd q^rto die Mali Anno Begni Regf 


Edwardi fit K E. dedmo septimo dns [KJ^mandauit 
Cancellar suo HiBn quedam statuta apud lincoiti % Ebof 
edita « ea in eade [pn]%licari « obseruari ^oepit p Bre qnod 
sequit' in %l verba. 

fEl^wardus dei grS Bex Angt Dns HiBn % Dux Aqiiit 
Oancellar suo HiBn saltm. [qj^uedam statuta p nos de asaensa 
Prelate^ Comitu Baron % cditatis regni nri nup[ap]^ud linootn 
« quedam alia statuta postmodu apud Ebor fca que in dca Pra 
nra HiBn ad cSem vtilitatem populi nri eiusdem Pre obseruari 
Yolum^ vobis mittim^ sub sigillo nro mandantes qd statuta ilia 
in Cancellar nra custodiri ao in rotulis eiusdem Cancellar 
irrotulari « sub sigillo nro quo vtim' iu HiBn in forma 
patenti exemplificari, % ad singtas placeaa nras in Pra ^dca « 
singulos Comitate eiusdem Pre mitti faciatis p bna nra sub 
dco sigillo minist^s iiris placei^ illi^ % yicecomitib3 dco^ 
Comitatuu mandantes qd statuta ilia cora ipia publicari % ea 
in omib5 % singlis suis articulis q^tu ad oof singles ptinet 
firmiP fac obseruari. T. mei^o apud Notiugh^ xx di^ 
Novembr Anno r n decimo septimo. 
p ifSm Begem « consiliu. 

> OUlteimted. Toral 

XVIT. EDWARD 11. 297 

17 EDWARD II. A.D. 1324. 

BE it remembered ihat on the fouxih day of May in the 17 th 
year of the reign of King Edward, son of King Edward, 
the lord the King sent to his Chancellor of Ireland certain 
statutes made at Lincoln and York, and ordered them to be 
published and observed in the same, by writ which follows in 
these words : 

Edward by the grace of God, King of England, lord of Ire- J^^g^J^ 
land, and Duke of Aquitaine, to his Chancellor of Ireland, xj^jj^^^fd 
greeting. We send you under our seal, certain statutes lately ^J^^*^ 
made by us, with the assent of the prelates, earls, barons, and l»»l»"^ 
commonalty of our Kingdom at Lincoln, and certain other 
statutes afterwards made at York, which we will to be ob- 
served in our said land of Ireland, for the common profit of our 
people of the Raid land, commanding that these statutes be 
preserved in our Chancery, and be enrolled in the rolls of the 
said Chancery, and be exemplified under our seal which we use 
in Ireland, in patent form, and that you cause them to be sent 
to our several places in the said land, and the several counties 
of the said land, by our writs under our said seal, to our 
officers of these places and the sherifEs of the said counties, 
commanding that these statutes be published before them, and 
that they cause them to be observed in all and singular their 
articles, as far as to each of them appertains. Witness myself 
at Nottingham the 20th day of November, in the 17th year of 
our reign. 

By the King himself and the Council. 


17 EDWARD II A.D. 1324. 

[Red Book of toe Exohbqusr ik Ibklamd, fol. 33.] 

Statuta apud Lmooln. 

PUR oeo q Bre seign' le Roi Edward Bm au Roi Edward a 
80X1 plement a Nicole a la q'nzexne de la seini Hillbr 
Ian de son regno neuisme p domonstraunce des Prelatz Countes 
Barons « autr^s g*ntz du Roiaume somonus a oel plement p 
greuouses plejntes del poeple entendi g^ntz damages estre 
faitz a luy % trop grieff op^ssiouns % desLeritaunoes a son 
poeple p la reson q meintz suffisauncz viscountes gardejns des 
Hondretz ount este auant ces houres % vnoore sount en dit 
Roinume nre seign' le Roi voillaant escheure teox mauz 
opjpssions « desheritaunoes del assent dez ^atz Contes « 
Barons % les g*ntz auantditz en son dit plement p'uoit « 
establi q viscontes dt<soremes soient mis p le Chaonceller le 
Tresoror % les Barons del Escheker « p les Justices et en 
absence del Chaunceller le Tresorer Barons % Justices q nol 
ne soit visconte sil neit f re soeffisanment en mesme le Countee 
ou 11 Ira yiscont pur respondre au Roi « an poeple « q nul 
q seit seneschal! ou Ballif de g^nt seign' soit fait yisconte 
sil ne oste de autre luise mes tiel q soit q de tutt puys entendre 
al office de yisoonte faire p' le Roi ou p' le poeple « q 
Chaunceller Tresorer Barons « Justices faoent « metient en la 
mafie auantdit saunz autr regarde auer. En mesme la mafie 
est acorde <« establi q les Hundretz quel qil soient au Roi 
ou as autres soient gardez p gentz couenables eanz Pres 
sufficianoe en mesme le Hundred ou en ]e Counte ou le 
Hundred Ira, « si ascuns viscontes ou Hundredeis soient a oeo 
meins suffisans soient tantost remuez « autres couenables mys 
en la fourme auantdit « q les Hundreds soient losses % bailletz 
a teux gentz a renable feer issint qil ne ooueigne pas qil faoent 
eztorsion sur le poeple p' trop vtrageouse ferme % q nul 
▼isoonte ne Hundreder ne bailie a autre son office a garder a 
ferme ne en autr mafie % q les execucions des Brefs q vendront 
as yiscontes soient faites p les Hundrederes oonuz « iures en 
plein Counte ^ nemje p autres sil ne soit en[g*nt]^ de&ute ou 
notoire destourbance des Hundreders « adonqs soient faites p 
Auir^M [couena]^bles % iuretz issint q le poeple puisse sauoire 
a qi seure tels execudons sauue tou2[iours]^ retorn des brefs 
a ceux q les ount % auer deuient. 

^ObUtomtod. 'Torn. 


Statxttbs at Lincoln. 

(Enacted in England, 9 Edwabd II., a.d. 1816.) 

'OORASMUCH as our lord King Edward, son to King Edward, at hia 
'** parliament at Lincoln in the qninzaine of St. Hilary, in the ninth 
year of his reign, on the showing of the Prelates, Earls, Barons, and other 
magnates of the realm, summoned to that parliament, on the grieyous 
complaints of the people, perceived great damage to be done to him, 
and very grieyous oppressions and disherisons to his people, by reason 
that insufficient sheriffs [and] wardens of hundreds have heretofore 
been, and yet are, in the said realm ; our lord the King, desiring to 
prevent such evil oppressions and disherisons, by the assent of the 
Prelates, Earls, and Barons, and the magnates aforesaid, provided and 
established in his said parliament, that sheriffs from henceforth Sherlflh to be 
be appointed by the Chancellor, the Treasurer, and the Barons theSzJh^aer 
of the Exchequer, and by the Justices ; and in the absence of the Chan- 
cellor, by the Treasurer, Barons, and Justices : and that none be y^y^Q ^y^^^ ^^ 
sheriff, if he have not sufficient land in the same county where he shall ^Sj^tJf ** °' 
be sheriff, to answer to the King and the people ; and that no one ^bey shall be 
who is seneschal or bailiff to a great lord be made sheriff, except 
he be removed from the other service, but that he be such a one as can 
wholly attend to the execution of the office of sheriff, to do for the King 
or for the people ; and that the Chancellor, Treasurer, Barons, and Jus- 
tices do and assign in manner aforesaid, without having any other re- 
gard. And in like manner it is agreed and established, that the hundreds ^^^ ^|^^jj 
whether they belong to the King or to others, be guarded by suit- have the 
able persons, who have sufficient lands within the same hundred, or in hundred, 
the county where the hundred shall be ; and if any sheriffs or hundreders 
be insufficient therefor, that they be presently removed, and other 
suitable persons appointed in form aforesaid, and that the hundreds _ ^^^ 
be leased and committed to such persons at a reasonable rent, so that be farmed, but 
they be under no necessity to practice extortion on the people, by 
reason of too excessive a rent. And that no sheriff or hundreder 
lease his office to any other, to hold in farm or otherwise ; and that 

the executions of writs that shall come to the sheriffs be made « ^. . 

Exeoatlon of 
by the hundreders recognised and sworn in full county court, writs by the 

and not by others, unless it be in case of a serious default or notorious 

disturbance of the hundreders ; and then that they be made by 

other suitable persons and sworn, so that the people may know to whom 

to sue such executions ; saving always the return of writs to those 

that have, or ought to havo them. 


17 EDWARD II. A.D. 1324. 

[Red Book op the Exchequer in Ireland, fol. 34.] 

Statula apud Ebor edita. 

PUR oeo q pliisurs gentz du Roialme DenglePre « de la 
Vre Dirlaunde onnt einz ces [houj^res souentefoitz 
Buffert meschletB % desheritesons p encheson de ceo q en aBCun 
caa ou defaute de lei fast remedie ne fust ordeine « aasaint 
pur oeo q ascuns poyntz des estatus auant iaitz auolent 
meatier desclariBsement, Noatre aeign' le Roi Edward fuitz au 
Roi Edward deairaont plener droit eatre fait a aon poeple a 
aon plement a Efiwjk aa troia aimoignea de aeint Michel Lan de 
aon regno duziame p aaaent dea Prelatz^ Countea, Barona « la 
Ooaute de aon roialme illoqa aaaemblez fiafc lea eatabliaaementz 
% lea eatatua q aenaoient lea queuz il voet qe en le dit roialme 
« en la dite f re aoient fermement tenuz. En p^mea p' difiaea 
meachiefa qe ount eate de ceo q lea tenantz en aaaiaea do nouele 
diaaeiaine ne poeint auant cea hourea fere attomez, acorde eat 
q lea tenantz en brefa de nouele diaaeiaine deaore puiaaent faire 
attomez. Et nentent mie le Roi p tant q lea tenantz % lea 
defendantz eu aaaiaea de nouelle diaaeiaine ne puiaaent pleder 
p Baillif come auant aoleient ail voillent. Et enaement 
acorde eat qe qant chartre quiteclamance aoquitance ou autre 
eacript aoit declit en la Court le Roi en queux aoient teatmoig- 
nea nomez aoit pees fait de fere venir lea teatmoignea come 
auant ad eate vaeez iasint q ail ne veignent a la graunt 
deatreace anr eux retoumez ou qe ret'nez aoit, qil ne ount rien 
ou ne aount trouez q adonk ne aoit leaae la priae de lenqueate 
p abaence dea tieux teatmcignea. Et ai lea teamoignea veignent 
p la gHit deatreace « lenqueate p aacune encheaoun remeigne 
a prendre aoit meamea le lour done a ceux teatmcignea qe 
iaaint vendront qeate done a lenqueate ^ndre. A queu lour 
ai tieux tearaoignea ne veignent, aoient lour iaauea a' eux 
primea retourueez forfaitz « la priae de lenqueate ne remaigne 
p lour abaence. Et pur abaence dea teatmoigna qe aount dea 
ffiraunchiaea ou bref le Roi original ne court mie ne aoit la 
priae de tiel enqueate leaaee. Et come il aoit contenu en 
leetatut fait a Weatm le aecund lour de AueriU lan du r^gne 



(Enacted in England, 12 Edwabd II., a.d. 1318.) 

nniOfiASMUGH as many people of the realm of England and of the land 
-^ of Ireland have heretofore often times suffered misohiefs and disheri- 
sons, by reason that in some cases where the law failed, no remedy 
was ordained ; and also forasmuch as some points of the statutes 
heretofore made had need of explanation; our lord King Edwardt 
son to King Edward, desiring that full right be done to his people* 
in his parliament at York, in three weeks of Saint Michael, the twelfth 
year of his reign, by the assent of the Prelates, Earls, Barons, and the 
commonalty of his realm there assembled, ordained the acts and the 
statutes here following, the which he wills to be firmly observed in 
the said realm and in the said land. 

I. First, for divers mischiefs that have arisen, because tenants in Tenants in 
assises of Novd Disseisin could not heretofore make attorneys ; it is g^ mmke ** 
agreed that the tenants in writs of Novd Disseisin from henceforth ^^^^^y- 
may make attorneys. Tet the King does not intend hereby that the 

tdnants and defendants in assises of Novd Disseisin be not able to plead Pleading by 
by a bailiff, if they will, as they have used to do heretofore. 

II. Also it is agreed, that when a charter, quit-claim, acquittance, or Inquests not to 
other writing is denied in the King's Court, wherein witnesses are absence d 
named, process be made to cause the witnesses to come as before J^SS."^ 

has been used ; so that if they come not at the great distress on them 
returned, or that it be returned that they have nothing, or that they 
cannot be found, that then the taking of the inquest be not de- 
layed by the absence of such witnesses. And if the witnesses come 
by the great distress, and the inquest for some cause remains to be 
taken, that the same day be given to those witnesses who shall so 
come, as is given for the taking of the inquest. At which day, if such 
witnesses come not, that their issues that were first returned upon 
them be forfeited ; and the taking of the inquest be not deferred 
because of their absence. And by reason of the absence of witnesses 
that belong to franchises, where the King's original writ does not run, 
that the taking of such inquest be not delayed. 

ni. And whereas it is contained in the statute made at Westminster Inquests deter- 

the second day of April, in the 27th year of the reign of Edward, father Benohe« mar ^ 

be taken In the 


Edward piero nre seiga' le Roi qe ore est viat septimo qe les 
enquestes « les oonissaunces deaant Justices del vn bannck « 
de lauiro a iugez faissent prises deaant ascnn des Justices des 
places associez a luj vn Ohiualler du Couuteo ou les enquestes 
Iroient a prendre si les enquestes ne faissent de g*nt 
examinement « qe en tiels enquestes ^ndre fust fait sicom les 
Justices verroient q fust a fere au plit du roialme le quel 
estatat ad bosoigne destre mous [declare.]^ Acorde est qe les 
enquestes « Jureetz qe sonnt % Irount aprondre en pleez de 
Pre[qe ne soj^nt mje de g^t exaroinement soient prises en 
pays deuant vne Justice de la place [ou le p]^lee est associez a 
luj vn pdhOme du pais chiualler ou autre issint qe Stein iour 
[seit dpone en Banck « ^in iour % leu en pays en ^sence des 
pties si le demaundant le prie. [Et]^ auxi les enquestes % 
Jurets en plee de Pre q demaundent g^t examinement soient 
[pris]^e8 en pais en la fourme susdite deuant deux Justices da 
Baunk « eit la Justice ou [les]^ Justices poer a recorder 
nounsntes « defautes en pays as iours « lieus q ?ront assignee 
come desus est dit. Et ceo qil afiont fait en les choses 
susdites, soit reporte en Baunk au iour done % illoqs enrolle 
« sur oeo iugement rendu. £t nentent mie le Roi qes les 
dites enquestes % Jurets ne puissent estre prises en Bank si 
eles yiengent ne qe cest estatut sestent a graont assises. 
Et auxi Tue Justice del vn Baunk « de lautre associe a luy 
vn pdhome du pais chiualer ou autre a la requeste du pleintif 
preigne les enquestes des pleez pledeez « a pleder qe sount 
meuez p attachementz % destresces. Et eit poer de recorder 
les nounsntes come desus est dit^ « ^ndre les enquestes p 
defautes illoqes faites. Et qant a les assises de drein ^sent 
% les enquestes s' bref de quare impedit prendre, soit tBii come 
il est contenuz en ie secound estatut de Westih. Et eit la 
Justice poer de recorder nounsntes « defautes en pais « s' oeo 
iugement doner come en Baunk « seit reporte en Baunk ceo 
qil afia fait « ilioqs soit enroule. Et si issint aueigne qe le 
Justices ou la Justice qe ?rount ou ?ra assigne de ^ndre tieles 
enquestes en pais ne veignent pas ou ne veigne en pais au iour 



of our lord the King that now is, that inquests and recognitions adjudged 
before Justices of the one Bench and of the other, for judgment, should 
be taken before any of the Justices of the jAaces, there being associated 
with him a knight of the county where the inquests should happen to 
be taken, if the inquests should not demand great examination ; and 
that in taking such inquests the Justices do as they see most ex- 
pedient for the profit of the realm ; which statute has need of being 
more fully declared. It is agreed that inquests and juries that are and 
shall have to be taken in pleas of land, that require not great examina- 
tion, be taken in the country before a Justice of the Place where the 
plea is» there being associated with him a substantial man of the country, 
knight or other, so that a certain day be given in the Bench, and a 
certain day and place in the country, in the presence of the parties, 
if the demandant request it. 

And also that the inquests and juries, in pleas of land that require 
great examination, be taken in the country, in the manner above- 
said, before two Justices of the Bench. 

IV. And that the Justice or Justices have power to record non- JusticeB in 
suits and defaults in the country, at the days and places which shall naiynoSI 
be assigned, as before is said. And what they shall have done in the f^t^a»l^^ 
things aSove-mentioned, be reported in the Bench on the appointed 
day, and there inrolled, and thereupon judgment be given. And 
the King does not intend that the said inquests and juries should not 
be taken in the Bench, if they come, nor that this statute should extend 
to great assises. And also that a Justice of the one Bench and of the 
other, having associated with him a substantial man of the country, 
knight or other, at the request of the plaintiff, take inquests of pleas 
pleaded and to be pleaded, that are moved by attachments and dis- 
tresses; and have power to record nonsuits as above is said, and 
to take the inquests by defaults there made. And as to taking i 

of Darrein Presentment and the inquests upon writ of Quare Impedit, Assises of Dar* 

that it be done as is contained in the Statute of Westminster the second, ment, fto. 

And that the Justices have power to record nonsuits and defaults in 

the country, and to give judgment thereupon, aa in the Bench, and 

what they shall have done be reported in the Bench, and there be 

inrolled. And if it happen, that the Justices or Justice that shall be 

assigned to take such inquests in the country, come not into the 

country at the day assigned, yet that the parties and the persons of 

the inquests keep their day in the Bench. 


asaigne, iadumeins lea pties « les gentz de lenqueste gardcut 
lour iour en Baunk. Et p' ceo q soaenere pleinte ad este 
faite en la Court le Roi qe les returns qe Baillifs des 
ffraunchises qe ount plein return des Brefs le Roi ouut li&ez 
as yiscountes apres ount este chaungez % en autre miafle 
retoumez en la Court le Roi a g*nt damage des ascuns des 
pties % en deleiaunce de droittura. Acorde est qe des ret'nez qe 
desore se ferrount as visoountes p Baillifs des tieles ffiraunchises, 
Boit fait endenf^e plenere entre le Baillif de la ffraunchise nome 
p son ppre noune % le viscount nome p son ppre nomz. Et si 
nul yiscounte chaunge retourn issint Ufiez a lui p endent'e % 
de ceo soit atteint a la suite le seign' de la ffraundiise donnt 
il afia tiel retourn receu si le seign*^ afia damage encoru on sa 
ffraunchise soit enblemie a la suite de la ptie qe aSa damage 
encoru p cele encheson, soit puni defis le Roi come de faus 
return « rende au seign' « a la ptie damage a double. Aussint 
est acorde qe desore viscontes « autres Baillifs qe receiuent 
brefii le Roi Retournables en sa Court mettent [leur]^ ppres 
nounes od lour retoums issint qe la Court puisae sauoire a qi 
^ndre des tieux retoums ei mestier soit Et nul visconte ou 
autre baillif en ses returns entrelesse son noun, soit greuement 
amerciez al oeps le Roi. Ensement p' cOmun pfit du poeple 
acorde est q nul Ministre en Cite ne en BurgtL qi p reson de 
[son]^ office dait garder assises des vins % de vitailles tant 
come il ?ra entend[daunt]^ a iiel office, ne Marcbaunt des vins 
ne des vitalles en gros ne en retaile. [Et sip nul face « de 
ceo attaint la Marchaundie dount il ?ra atteint soit forfiute 
[au Roi]^ « la tierce ptie « la tierce pti^ soit lifie come de 
doun le Roi a celui a qi sui[te le tresppassour Ira issint atteint 
Et en ceu cas soit resceu celuj qi voudra suire p' [tieup chose 
atteindre. Et Chaunceller, Tresorer, Barons del Escbeqer 
Justices [del un]' Baunk % de lautre « Justices assignee as 
assises ^ndi*e receiuent tieux pleint[e8]' p bref « sauns bref n^ 
les Eminent % piacent totes les choses contenuz en [cestp 
article en la tourme auantdite. Et iadumejns puit le Roi 
assignor ses Justices a cei^te chose pfaire en Citez « en 
Bouighes quant « la ou il plerra %c. 

^ObUterated. •Torn. • Word* repeated in MS. 


V. And whereas frequent complaint has been made in the King^s Returns In 
court that the returns, which bailiffs of franchises, that have full be mado by 
return of the King's writs, have delivered to Sheriffs have been after- IStv^eifthe 
wards changed, and in other manner, returned into the King's court, to ^Hiff and the 
the great damage of some of the parties and in delay of right ; it is 

agreed that of returns which hereafter shall be made to the Sheriffs 

by bailiffs of such franchises, full indenture be made between the 

bailiff of the franchise named by his proper name, and the Sheriff by 

his proper name. And if any Sheriff change the return so delivered to 

him by indenture, and be thereof attainted, at the suit of the lord of 

the franchise, whereout he shall have received such return, if the lord 

shall have Incurred any loss, or his franchise be impaired, at the suit 

of the party that shall have sustained loss through that cause, that he 

be punished towards the King for the false return, and yield to the 

lord and to the party double damages. Also it is agreed, that from 

henceforth Sheriffs and other bailiffs who receive the King's writs Sheriffs and 

returnable in his court, put their own names to their returns, thelrnamesto 

so that the court may know who are answerable for such returns, tneir returns. 

if need be. And if any Sheriff or other bailiff leave out his name in his 

returns, that he be heavily amerced to the King's use. 

VI. Also for the common profit of the people, it is agreed, that no No officer 
officer in city or in burgh, who by reason of his office ought to keep of \?ln!»amd^ 
assises of wines and victuals, so long as he shall be employed in such tra^fuierein 
office, traffic in wines or victuals, either in gross or by retail, during office. 
And if any do so and be thereof attainted, the merchandise whereof 

he shall be attainted be forfeit to the King, and that the third part 
thereof be delivered as the King's gift to the party at whoEe suit 
the offender shall be so attainted. And in such case, he shall be received 
who shall be willing to sue to obtain such thing. And that the Chan- 
cellor, Treasurer, Barons of the Exchequer, Justices of the one Bench 
and of the other, and Justices assigned to take assises, receive 
such plaints by writ, and without writ, and determine them, 
and perform all things contained in this artiqie in form above- 
said. And nevertheless the King may assign his Justices to execute 
this thing in cities and in burghs, when and where he shall please, &o. 


17 EDWARD 11. AD. 1324. 
[Close Roll, 18 Edward II., w. 2/. art. 12.] 

ACORDE est ompris e assentu p les ^latz CJountes 
Baron ns e tot 1e comun poeple en pleyn plement^ a 
Dyuelyn al mois de Pask en Ian du regne nre seign*" le Roy 
Edward fitz au Roy Edward dize septimo en ^sence de la 
Justice Channceller Tresorer e toua les autres du consail 
nre seign"" le Roy en Irlaunde q la cOmune ley les ordyuaunces 
de Dyuelyn one les bones vsages de la Pre soient teuua e 
meyntenuz en chescun de lonr pointz. E en amendement de 
dites chones les dites Countes Barouns e les autres g*untz de 
Lynnage en pleisaunce de dieu seint Esglise nre seign*" le Roy 
e (lu comun poeple vnt g*unte ^ enipris taunt q au pschein 
plement q eaux solonie lour poer fJndront e ferount prendre 
les felouns robeours e larouns de lour braunche e sournoun e 
lour aherdauncez saunz lour srementz ofiendre en hi de Marche 
e toua autres felouns t niaufesours notories q srount trouez * 
receptez en lour seign**ye8 en Pre de pees a lour ppres custages 
e dedenz lour Countes ou ilz puissent les ditz felouns ¥ 
niaufesours trouer e ^ndre sauns pil de lour corps ou custages 
mettre e ceaux q ensuit srount prises amenerount ou ferrount 
amener a la Courtf nre seign' le Roy Justisables salue lestat 
des seign's des franchises en resoun. E prient les dits Countes 
e g'^ntz qilz puissent esti*e assoutz de la sentence done a 
Kilkenii pour toua trespaces en fourme d[u] seint Esglise du 
temps passe e q le renoueler de cele sentence soit respite 
tauntq al pschein plement quele piiere p tons les ^lats 
Justice e les autres du consail lour est g^unte. En 
teismoignaunce de queles choses monf'' Richard de Bourk 
Count Duluestcr, nionf ' Thomas le fitz Joh*n Count de Kildare, 
nionf "" Joh*n de Bermyngh'^m Count de Louetti, raonf' Morice le 

^ The BtatutcB unacted in thie Parliameot were conilrxned |Q A later one, held 
Jn Kilkenny. 19 Edward U. 

XVir. EDWARD II. 307 

17 EDWARD II. A.D. 1324. 

~FT is agreed, under taken^ and assented to by the prelates 

-*- earls, barons and aU the common people, in full parliament 

at Dublin in the month of Easter, in the seventeenth year of 

the reign of our lord King Edward, son of King Edward, in the 

presence of the Justiciar, Chancellor, Treasurer^ and all the 

others of the Council of our lord the King in Ireland, that the 

common law, the ordinances of Dublin, with the good usages of Oommon law, 

the land, be held and maintained in every of their points. And Dublin and 

for amendment of the said matters, the said earls, barons^ and land to be 

the other grandees of lineage, to please God, Holy Church, our 

lord the King, and the common people, have granted and under- Grandees 

taken that until the next parliament, according to their power, o*^hei'°owif°' 

they will take and cause to be taken, the felons, robbers and J^^eren^Mn 

thieves of their own family and surname, and their adherents, andtbe"*^***^' 

without breaking their oaths, in the territory of th*^ March, ^^^ ^' 

and all other felons and notorious evildoers, who shall be found 

and received in their lordships, in land of peace, at their own 

charges, and within their counties, where they can find and 

take the said felons and evildoers, without incurring peril of 

their bodies or costs, and those who shall afterwards be taken, 

they shall bring or cause to be brought to the courts of our lord 

the King, to be amenable to justice, saving in reason the estate 

of the lords of franchises. And the said earls and grandees pray ^^d pray ab^o- 

that they may be absolved from the sentence pronounced at ISntencepro- 

Kilkenny in form of Holy Church, for all trespasses in time Kilkenny. 

past, and that the renewal of that sentence be delayed until 

the next parliament, which prayer is granted them by all the 

prelates, the justices, and the others of the Council. In witness 

whereof, sir Kichard de Bourk, earl of Ulster, sir Thomas 

son of John, earl of Kildare, sir John de Bermyngham, 

earl of Louth, sir Morice the son of Thomas, sir John de 



j5tz Thomas, monf' Joh*n de Barry, monf ' Joh*n le Pocr de 
Dunoyle, monf Amaldle Poer, monf Thomas le Botiller, monf*" 
Richard de Tuyt, monf' Nichot de verdun, monf^ Morice de 
Rochefort, monf' Reymound Lercedekne, monf Thomas de 
Dene, monf' Richard le Waleys, monf' Robt fitz Matheu de 
Caunteton, George de la Roche, Dauy le fitz Alisaundre de la 
Roche, a la partie de ceste endenture demoraunt defis nre 
seign'^ Ic Roy vnt mis lour seals e a la ptie demoraunt de& 
l«s ditz g^untz nre seign' le Roy ad mis son seal. Don a 
Dyuelyn le iour e Ian auauntditz. 


Barry, sir John le Poer of Dunoyle, sir Arnald le Poer, 
sir Thomas le Botiller, sir Kichard de Tujt, sir Nicholas de 
Yerdun, sir Morice de Kochefort, sir Rey^nund the archdeacon, 
sir Thomas de Dene, sir Richard le Waleys, sir Robert 
son of Matthew de Caunteton, George de la Roche, Davy 
the son of Alexander de la Roche, to the part of this 
indenture remaining with our lord the King have put their 
seals, and to the part remaining with the said grandees, 
our lord the King has put his seal. Given at Dublin 
the day and year aforesaid. 

SlO Early STAtUTtes of Ireland. 

19 EDWARD II. A.D. 1325. 
[Close Roll, 20 Edward II., art. 167.] 


EDWARD par la grace dieu Roi DenglePe Seign' 
Dyrlaunde % Dues Daquitaigne as Erceaesqs Euesqes 
Abbes Priours Countes Barouns Justices Viscountes Prouostes 
Ministres % as tous ses bailiff « foialx saluiz. Come nad gaires 
as Oicctaues da la Purificacon nre dame Ian de iire regne tierz 
a nre plement somoniss « tenus adunqes a Kilkenny feussent 
ascunes ordinaunces ^ es tains faitz par 1 assent de Joh^n 
Wogan nre Justice % les autres de nre counseil adonqs en nre 
fre Dirlaunde % lassent de Erceuesqs Euesqs Countes Barouns 
^ les autres de la cOmunalte de nre dite Pre Dirlaunde illoeqs 
esteaunx. Et au moys de Pasce Ian de nre regne tredzime 
feusent ensement autres ordinaunces % estatutz a nre plement 
adonqs tenux a Diuelyn faitz p lassent de Roger de Mortimer 
ni*e Justice % les autres de nre counseil adonqs en iire Pre 
Dirlaunde auaundite. Et lassent des Erceuesqs Euesqs 
Countes « Barouns % les autres de la comunaltez de Era dite 
Pi'O Dirlaunde adonqs illoeqes esteiatintz al lion'' de dieus % de 
seint Eglise al |>iist de nre poeple « meintiegnaunce de nre 
pees de nre dite Pre Dirlaunde as tons iours a tenir % a durer. 
Et al lire plement tenux a Dyuelin al mois de Pasche Ian de 
nre regne dis ^ septisme p lassent de Joh^n de Arcy nre 
Justice « les autres de nre counseil adonqs en meisme nre Pre 
Dirlaunde ^ lassent des Erceuesqes Euesqs Countes bards % les 
autres de la comunalte de nre dite Pre Dirlaunde adonqs 
illoeqs esteiauutz feussunt ascunes ordinaunces faites a tenir 
% a durer tanq au plement donqs pchein siwaunt puis a nre 
plement t^onna a Kilkenny a la quinzeiyne de la natiuete seint 
Joli'*n le baptist Ian de iire regne dis « noefuisme q feu le 
pcbein plement tenufl aj^s, par lassent del dit Job'^n de Ai'cy 
lire Justice Dirlaunde % les auti^es de iire counceil adonqes en 
nre dite Pre Dirlaunde % lassent des Erceuesqs Euesqs Abbes 

XiX. EDWARD II. ^ll 

19 EDWARD II. A.D. 1325. . 

Statute op Ireland. 

TTI DWARD by the grace of God, king of England, lord of 

-* — * Ireland and duke of Aquitaiue, to the archbishops, 

bishops, abbots, priors, earls, barons, justices, sherifts, provosts, 

ministers, and to all his bailiffs and faithful people, greeting : 

Whereas lately iti the octaves of the Purification of Our Lady in 

the third year of our reign, at our parliament summoned and Parliament 

then held at Kilkenny, certain ordinances and statutes 3 jg^^^, u, 

wei^ made, by the assent of John Wogan our Justiciar, and the 

others of our council then in our land of Ireland, and by the 

assent of the archbishops, bishops, earls, barons and the others 

of the c-ommonalty of our said land of Ireland there being. And 

in the month of Easter in the thirteenth year of our reign, 

were also other ordinances and statutes made in our parlia- Parliament 

at Dublin, 
ment then held at Dublin, by the assent of Roger de 13 Edw. II. 

Moi*timer, our Justiciar, and the others of our council then in 
our land of Ireland aforesaid, and the assent of the archbishops, 
bishops, earls and barons and the others of the commonalty of 
our said land of Ireland, then there being, to the honour of 
God and of Holy Church, for the benefit of our people and main- 
tenance of our peace of our said land of Ireland, to hold and 
endure for ever. And in our parliament held at Dublin in the ParliamentJ 
month of Easter, in the seventeenth year of our reign, by the 17 Edw. II. 
assent of John de Arcy, our Justiciar, and the others of our 
council then in the same our land of Ireland, and the assent of 
the archbishops, bisliops, earls, barons and the othei's of the 
commonalty of our said land of Ireland, then there being, 
certain ordinances were made, to hold and endure until the 
parliament then next ensuing. Afterwards at our parliament 
held at Kilkenny in the quinzaine of the nativity of Saint Parliament 
John tlie Baptist, in the nineteenth year of our reign, which 19 Edw."n.' 
was the next parliament afterwards held, by the assent of 
the said John de Arcy, our Justiciar of Ireland, and the others 
of our council then in our said land of Ireland, and vhe assent 
of the archbishops, bishops, abbots, priors, earls and barons and 

312 Early statutes ob* irelajJD. 

Piiours Countes "^ Bavouns % les autres de la comunalte de 
lire dite Pre Dirlaunde adonqs illoeqs esteiauntz grauntez 
furunt ordeignez % establiz tous les pointz souzescripts. Cast 
assauoir q Urns les estatutz <^ ordeigoaunces faitz en les 
plementz susditez soient tenus gardez « meyntenuz ea tous 
lurs poiDtz en nre dite Pre Dirlaunde a durer a tous iours, 
Auxi bien celes ordeignaunces q funint ordinez a Bre dit 
plement tenua a Dyueiin au mois de Fasches Ian de ore regne 
dis septlsme a durer tanq a nre plement pchein siwaunt oome 
les autres. Et come en les ditz parlementz ordeine soit q 
chescune Cheueuteigne de g^nt lyneage castie ceaux de seon 
lyneage « de soen s'noun % ceuaz de soen lyneage « de soen 
s'noun q trespassent encountre nre pees % tous larouns 
robbeoura felouns meffeisours notoires « toutz lurs aherdantz 
qen* sa seig'ie serrunt troue « recette en Pre de pees ^ndra et 
rendra iustizables a iire Court solum la forme en les ditz 
ordeignaunces estatutz oontenuez. Et en meisme les 
ordeignaunces ^ estatua ne soit ordeine punicioun sur les 
cheueuteyns q ceo ne fount ordinez est e etabli q chescun 
cheueuteyin q ceo ne fra ou tut son poer soit reint a nre 
volunte as touts les foitz q il Stb, de ceo atteint. Estre ceo 
ordine est assentu ^ establi q nul hume veigne desoremes 
arme ne afforciement en les villes ou nous nos heirs ou nos 
Justic tendrount nos geAaulxs plementz, meis en venaunt 
de&s meisme le villes veigunt armez % auxi fortz p'^ sauuacionn 
de lur corps saunz vilenie mal ou damage faire, come il 
verrount qil serra a faire. Et nous les auauntditez estatus ^ 
ordeignaunces issint al honour de dieu 9s de seint eglise % au 
comu pfit de iire poeple ^ meintenaunce de iire pees en iire 
dite Pre Dirlaunde faitz % ordinees acceptoms ratephioms pur 
nous % nos heirs « les confermoms a durer pur tou2 iours. 
En tesmoignauuce de qele chose cestez nos lettres auoms faitz 
faire patentes de 8re seal q nous vsoms en Irlaunde ensealees. 
Doneez en iire plein plement a Kilkenny le xi** iour de Juyl 
Ian de nre Regne dis * noefisme. 

XtX. EDWARD It. 31 S 

the othei-s of the commonalty of our said land of Ireland, then 
there being, were granted, ordained and established all the Statutes, &a, 
points underwritten, to wit, that all the statutes and or- the above to 
dinances made in tlie afoi-esaid parliaments be held, kept ^ o^®"^*^**** 
and maintained in all their points in our said land of Ireland, 
to endure for ever, as well those ordinances that were ordained 
in our said parliament held at Dublin in the month of 
Easter, in the seventeenth year of our reign, to continue until 
our next ensuing parliament, as the others. And whereas in the 
said parliaments it was ordained that every chieftain of great 
lineage should chastise those of his own family and of his own 
surname, and those of his own family and surname who tres- 
pass against our peace, and all thieves, robbers, felons, 
notorious malefactors, and all their adherents, who should be 
found and received in his lordship, in land of peace, he shall 
take and render amenable to justice at our Court, according to 
the form in the said ordinances [and] statutes contained. And 
[as] in the same ordinances and statutes^here be no punishment 
ordained against the chieftains who do not so, it is ordained 
and established that every chieftain who will not act so witli Penalty on 
all his power, be fined at our will every time that he chaatiaing 

shall be thereof attainted. Further it is ordained, airreed and ®^i\<io®" o' 

' ° their own 

established that no man from henceforth come armed or family. 
in force into the towns where we, our heirs or our Justiciar 
are holding our general parliaments, but in coming towards 
the said towns, they may come armed and as strong as they 
may see necessary to do for the defence of their bodies, with- 
out doing wrong, injury or damage. 

And we, the aforesaid statutes and ordinances, so to the 
honour of God and of Holy Church, and to the common benefit 
of our people, and maintenance of our peace in our said land of 
Ireland, made and ordained, do accept, ratify, for us and our 
heirs, and confirm them, to endure for ever. In witness 
whereof we have caused these our lett«rs to be made patents, 
sealed with our seal that we use in Ireland. Given in our 
full parliament at Kilkenny, the 11th day of July, in the 
nineteenth year of our reigu. 



The estatutf 
of the 
eataples, Ac. 

Citties and 
towDes, &c. 

19 EDWARD II. A.D. 1326. 
[Liber Albus of the Gobporation of DuBUif, fol. 42d.] 

OES sunt les ordeinauncea de lestaple Denglefre Irlaund 
e Gales fetea en temps le Rey Edward fitz le Rey 
Edward Ian de son regue diz e Nefime. 

Edward p la g^ce dieu Roy DengleFre seignur Dirlftund « 
Dues Daquitainge au Meir de sa Cite de Diuelyn salutz. No' 
vo' maundo' fermemt enioinauntz q les choses de south escrites, 
ordeine p uo' e nre conseil pur comun pfit e esement du poeple 
de tut nre Roialme % poer facez crier e publier % fermemt 
tenir e garder en nre Cite auantdite et p tut en vre baillie. 

I. — ^Primes qe lestaplo des Marchauntz e des Marchaundises 
DeuglePre Irlaund % Gales nomeiht des leyas quyrs peaux 
lanuz e desteym seit tenus en meismes les fres « nule pt 
ai Hours e ceo en les lieux desuthditz cest a sauoir a Noefchastel 
sur Tyne, Euerwyk, Norwicz, Loundres, Wyncestre, Exestre 
e Bristuyt pur EnglePre, Diuelyn, Drogheda e Cork pur 
Irlaund, Salopesbur kernidyn e kerdif pur Gales. E pur 
lesteym de Cornewayle a Lostwythiel « a Treuren. E p'' 
lesteym de Deuenschire a Aysptoii, e non pas aillo^'s en 
EnglePf Irlaund ou Gales. 

Et qe totes gentz aliens puissent illoeqes « non pas aillours 
e Englefr Irlaund ou Gales f^unchemt achater e quere Leyns 
quyrs e peaus e auPrs marchaundises e a Ayspton Lostwythiel 
« Treui-eu esteym e ne pas aillo''s e quel eure qils eient 
achatez lur marchaundises as ditz lieus e en la forme suadite 
e paie lour ciistumes e eient sur ceo tres seales du seal du 
coket, puissent les dites leyns quyrs peaus esteym e autres 
Marchaundises mener e quele (^re qe eux voillent si oeo ne seit 
en Vre qe seit engerre ou en enemite defis'no' ou nre Roialme. 
Et qe los Marchauntz est^unges seient de oeo gamiz. 

^ix. KdWxrd il. dis 

19 EDWARD IL A.D. 1326. 

THKSE are the ordinances of the staple of England, 
Ireland, and Wales, made in the time of the king 
Edward son of King Edward, in the nineteenth year of his 

Edward, by the grace of God, king of England, lord of 
Ireland and duke of Aquitaine, to the mayor of his city of 
Dublin, greeting. We command you, firmly enjoining, that 
the things under written^ ordained by ns and our Council for 
the common profit and relief of the people of the whole of our 
realm and jurisdiction, you cause to be proclaimed ^and 
published, and firmly kept and observed in our city aforesaid, 
and by everyone in your bailiwick. 

First that the staple of the merchants and the merchandises of i. 

England, Ireland and Wales, namely of wools, hides, wool fells Staple for 

and of tin, be held in the said lands and not elsewhere^ and that ^g]^ |^ 

in the places under-mentioned, that is to say, at Newcastle-on- P^Win, 

'^ ' ^* Drogheda,WKl 

Tyne, York, Norwich, London, Winchester, Exeter and Bristol Cork. 

for England ; Dublin, Drogheda and Cork for Ireland ; Shrews- 
bury, Carmarthen and Cardiff for Wales. And for the tin of 
Cornwall at Lostwithiel and at Truro. And for the tin of 
Devonshire at Ashburton, and not elsewhere in England, 
Ireland or Wales. 

And that all aliens may there and not elsewhere in England, Aliens may 
Ireland or Wales, freely buy and obtain wools, hides and skins ^^^ ^^ 
and other merchandises, and at Ashburton, Lostwithiel 
and Truro, tin, and not elsewhere; and when they have 
bought their merchandises at the said places and in the 
aforesaid form, and paid their customs and have there- 
upon letters sealed with the seal of the cocket, they may caiTy and carry 
the said wools, hides, skins, tin and other merchandises into ^*j^^^ ">y" 

whatever land they please, if it be not in a land which is at payment of 

war or m enmity against us or our realm. Ajid that merchant 

strangei-tt be warned hei*eof. 


II. — E qe nul alien p luy ne p autre p^vcint ne aptenit 
poesse p aillo^'s achatre leyns ou autres Marchaandiflez 
susdiies fors qe as ditz lieux sur forfeiture des leyns e autrez 
Marchandisez suadits qil a&ont issint achatez. 

E qe les Marchauntz DenglePre Irlauud e gales qe voillent 
mener leyns quyrs peaus ou esteym hoi's des estaplea p aillours 
a vendre ne les puissent pas mener des estaples hors de nre 
poer taunt qe il eient demores q^nze io's as ascuue des estaples 
a vendre e des adonqes aillent oue les dites Marchaundisas la 
ou its voillent saunz estaple faire ou tenir nule parte hora 
hors* des dites Pres ne denz les dites Pres aillo'^s qe as lieus 

III. — Et qe totes gentz DengiePre Irlaund e Gales puissent 
leyns e totes autres IVfarchaundises vendi-e e achater quele 
part qils vodrouut en les dites Pres issint qe la vente ne se 
face mye as aliens forsqe a lestaple. E qe leyns. quirs peaux 
e esteym ne seient nule part menez hors des dites Pres par 
aliens ne densez forsqe des estaples auantditz. 

IV. — E qe les Marchauntz de fire poei-e ue facent entre 
eaux conspiracie ne cofederacon p^ amenuser le p^ des leyns ou 
de autrez Marchaundises susdites ne pur delaier Marchauntz 
esf^unges en lachate ou vente de lo^ Marchaundises e oeux qe 
le ferrount e de ceo puissent estre atteintz, seint greuousement 
puniz solome le ordeinement de no^ e dc iira hon conseil. 
E qe chescun seit resceu pur no' qe suyre vodra pur tiels 
atteindre, e punir e seit tiele suyte faite deuaunt nos chiefs 
Justices ou autres qi no' vodronis a ceo assigner, e nemye 
aillours. E qe les Marchauntz e les gentz de Guscoyne a 
de la duschec dc Guyenne qi isount ore, ou pur temps Srount 
de la foi e lobbeissauns de no' e de nre fitz e heir seient tenus 
denseins e non pas aliens en totes cestes bosoignes. 

v.- -E qe tou8 Marchauntz p^uez e est^nges seient demenes 
a la ley Marchaunde en totes choses qe touche Marchaundise 
faite as lieus de Estaples. 

> Word repeated in MS. 


And that no alien by himself or by another privily or openly n. 

may purchase elsewhere, wools or other merchandises aforesaid, ^^ *J^ ^,*J 
except at the said places, upon forfeiture of the wools and other where on 
merchandises aforesaid, which they shall have so purchased. 

And that the merchants of England, Ireland and Wales, who Articles of 
wish to carry wools, hides, skins or tin away from the staples ^olbe carried 

to sell elsewhere, may not caiTy them away from the staples out of the 

,...,,, juriscuction 

out of our jurisdiction, until they have tarried fifteen days at until mer- 

any of the staples to sell them, and then they may go with the 15 daynata^y 

said merchandises wliere they will, without making or holding of the ataples. 

staple in any part without the said lands, or within the said 

lands, elsewhere than at the places aforesaid. 

And that all men of England, Ireland and Wales, may sell m* . 

and buy wools and all other merchandises at any place they only at the ' 
wish in the said lands, provided that the sale be not made to ■**P^*"' 
aliens, except at the staple. And that wools, hides, skins and 
tin be not in any part carried out of the said lands by aliens or 
denizens, except from the staples aforesaid. 

And that the merchants of our jurisdiction make not iv. 

among themselves a conspiracy or compact, to lessen the j»rice ^^''chantB not 
of the wools or of other merchandises aforesaid, nor to delay to lessen price 
merchant strangers in the purchase or sale of their merchandises, penalty. ' 
and that those who do so and thereof can be convicted, be 
heavily punished, according to the ordinance of us and of our 
good council. And that every one be accepted on our behalf, 
who is willing to sue for the conviction and punishment of such, 
and that such suit be made Ijefore our Chief Justices or others 
whom we will to assign hereto, and not elsewhere. And that 
the merchants and the men of Gascony and of the duchy of Men of Gas- 
Guienne, who now are or for tho time shall be, of our fealty Quj^^e to be 
and allegiance, or of that of our son and heir, be held as l^®ld denizens, 
denizens and not as aliens in all these businesses. 

And that all merchants, native and strangers, be governed V. 

by the law merchant in all things which affiact merchandise, be^verned 

transacted at the places of the staples. by the law 



VI. — E qe nul home ne feme de Burgh ne de Cite ne la 
cbe des gentz hors de Burgh ou de Cite en EnglePre Irlaunde 
ou Gales aj^s noel ^hein a venir vsent drap de lour achate 
demein qe §ra achate a^s la dite feste de Noel, si ceo ne seit 
drap fete en EngleVre Irlauud ou Gales sur gref forfeture e 
punissemt sicome no' p iire bon conseil vodroums sur ceo 
ordenier. E fait a sauer qe totes gentz ?rount entenduz de la 
cbe en ceo cas hors p^s Rei e Reigne Countes e Barouns 
Chiualers e dames e lour eufauntz Neez despouse, Erceuesqes 
e Euesqes e autres psones e gentz de seiate Eglise e secuJers 
qe p'rount despendre p an de lour rentes xl ti desPlinges, e 
ceo iesqes atauut qil pleise a nous p fire bon conseil ceste 
ordeinement e defens [>lus auaunt estendre. 

VII. — E qe chescun h5me % feme DenglePre, Irlaund e 
Gales puissent fairc draps auxint loges e auxint courtz come 
eux vodrount. 

VIII. — E qe totes gentz eient plus g*unt volunte de laborer 
sur les o&aigues des draps en fInglePre Irlaund e Gales, nous 
voloms qe totes gentz sachent q no' g^unPoms fif^nchises 
couenables as folours felers teenfers e as autres ofiours des 
draps qe de cele mesP souereinerht viflent quel cure qe tieles 
f^^unchises no' seient demaundez. 

IX. — E qe g*unte seit as Marchauntz des leyns qe eux 
eient un Meir de susdites estaples. 

X. — E qe totes marchauntz estranges eient le plus g^unt 
volunte de venire sur nre poer e ipuissent plus sauuemt 
dem'"er * reuener, no' les pnoras corps e biens en nre pteccbn. 
E defendotns sur greue forfeture qe nul leur face mal ne 
damage en corf>s ne en biens en venaunt dem^aunt ou 
retonrnaunt, issint qe si ascuns les facent damage countre ces 
ptecciou * defens, ceux dc la ville doiuit les meffesours Irount 
seient tcnu2 a respoundre des damages ou des cors des 


And that no man or woman of a burgh or city, nor the com- YI. 

monaltj of the people outside a burgh or city in England, burghers and 

Ireland or Wales, after Christmas next ensuing, use cloth commonalty 

to use ooly 
of their own buying, that shall be bought after the said doth made in 

feast of Christmas, if it be not cloth made in England, Ii^eland ^°?J^^ or 
or Wales, upon heavy forfeiture and punishment, as we, by Walea. 
our good council, will to ordain thereupon. And be it known 
that by the commonalty in this case shall be understood all " Common- 
people, except the King and Queen, earls and barons, knights ^ 
and ladies and their children born in wedlock, archbishops and 
bishops and other persons and men of holy church, and seculars, 
who can expend yearly of their rents forty pounds sterling, and 
this as long ns it pleases us, by our good council, to extend 
this order and prohibition. 

And that every man and woman of England, Ireland and VII. 

Wales, may make cloth as long and as short as they please. be made long 

or short. 

And in order that all people may be more willing to work VIII. 
upon the making of cloth in England, Ireland and Wales, we dotlTworkinc 

will that all men know that we shall grant suitable franchises franchises 

will be 
to fullers, spinners, dyers and other workera in cloth, who live ^ranted to 

mainly by this trade, what time such franchises be asked ''*l*®'^i 

^ •' ' spinners, &c. 

of us. 

And that it be granted to the wool -merchants that they may IX. 

have a mayor of the aforesaid staple. chants to have 

a mayor of 
the staple. 

And in order that all merchant strangers may be the move X. 

willing to come under our jurisdiction, and may be able with gtrantrers 

creator safety to abide and return, we take them, their taken under 
® , . the King's 

persons and goods, into our protection. And we forbid, ujwn protection. 

heavy forfeiture, that anyone do them wrong or injury 

in person or goods, while they are coming, abiding or 

returning, provided that if any do them injury, contrary to 

this protection and prohibition, they of the town to which the If injured, 

evildoers shall belong, be bound to answer for the damages or i^^swer!^ 


meffesours, e qe Meir ou baillifs des villes ou Nauie est p^gnent 
sui^ete pur quele il vodrount respoundr a lour pil des Maiifis 
de mesme la Nauie chescun foitz qil isterount hors des 
hauenes qil ne mefferrount ne mesporPunt ^s null countre ces 

En testmoignance de quele chase oestes nos tres ofites 
auoms faite ensealer de iire seal. Donez a Keneylworth le 
p*n) io' de Maij Lan de ni*e Regne diz e Neofiroe. 


for the persotus of the evildoers ; and that the mayor or hailiffs Bonds from 
of the towns where the shipping is, take surety, for which ^ej^^conduct 
they will be ready to answer at their peril, from the sailors of towards 
the said shipping, each time that they shall depart from the har- 
bours, that they will not do wronj? or misconduct themselves 
towards anyone, contrary to these articles. 

In witness whereof we have caused these our letters patent 
to be sealed with our seal. Given at Kenilworth the first day 
of May, in the nineteenth year of our reign. 


5 EDWARD III. A.D. 1331. 

[Memoranda Roll or the Exchequer, 5 and 6 Edward IIL, 

m. 2f. ; AND Red Book ow the Exchequer in Ireland^ 

fol. 4i.] 

(Red Book.) /^RDINAdOES ' acte in pliamento apud Westm tempore 

\J Regf E. Pcii tento put tam inferius « in Ro* Memor 

Sc^5ii . . Pio sci Michis anno eiusdem Regis quinto q*ni 

in Ro* C. . . . hiBn de anno sexto dci Regis irrotulat 


(Mem. Roll.) ^ Bria de Angt et Cancellar HiBn liB ad scHsim Dublin in Pmio 
sci Michis anno r r E. Pcii post coquestu q^nto. 

Sututa Angt. Edwardus dei gra Rex Angt Dns HiBn % Dux Aquit Justic 
Cancelt % Thes suis HiBn sattm. Mandamus vobis qd artictos 
subscriptos quos p emendacione status Pre nre HiBti « quiete 
% f^nquillitate popli nri ibidem p auisamentu consilii nri in 
vltimo pliamento iiro apud Westm tento ordinaiiimus in dca 
Pra HiBn q*ntu ad vos attinet teneatis % obseruetis « p alios 
fideles nros dee Pre teneri * obseruari faciatis. Tenor autem 
articto^ ^dcc^ talis est — . In p^mis Justic HiBn qui nunc est 
vel qui p tempe f@it non ooncedat Cartas pdonacionis de morte 
hois n* de roberiis % incendiis aliquib3, nisi de roberiis % 
incendiis ante festu Pasche anno regni dni E. Regf Angt 
Fcii post Conquestu Quiuto ppetratis^ et qd deoePo oertificet 
Regem de ndib3 huiusmodi pdonaciones petenciu % de 

1 Entitlement in Bed Book. 
'Entitlement in Mem. Boll, 

V. EDWABD in. 323 

5 EDWARD III. A.D. 1331. 

ORDINANCES made in a parliament held at Westminster 
in the time of king Edward the Third, as they are 
contained, as well below, and in a Memoranda Roll of the 
Exchequer [of Ireland of] Michaelmas term, in the fifth year 
of the said King, as in a roll of the C[hancery] of Ireland of 
the sixth year of the said King enrolled. 

Writs oat of England and the Chancery of Ireland, delivered 
at the Exchequer, Dublin, in Michaelmas term, in the fifth 
year of the reign of , king Edward the Third after the con- 

Statutes of England. 

Edward by the grace of God King of England, lord of Articles of 
Ireland and duke of Aquitaine, to his Justiciar, chancellor q^^q^^ 
and treasurer of Ireland, greeting. We command you that the ^?|^i?f *^ 
underwritten articles which, for the improvement of the state in Ireland, 
of our land of Ireland and the quiet and tranquillity of our 
people there, by the advice of our council in our last parlia- 
ment held at Westminster, we have ordained, in the said 
land of Ireland, you, as far as to you belongs, hold and 
observe, and by our other faithful subjects of the said land you 
cause them to be held and observed. The tenor of the 
aforesaid articles is as follows : — 

I. Firstly, the Justiciar of Ireland who now is, or who for Limit of 
the time shall be, shall not grant charters of pardon for the ^^?*"i?' 
death of a man, nor for any robberies and burnings, except for 
robberies and burnings before the feabt of Easter in the fifth 
year of the reign of the lord Edward, King of England, the third 
after the conquest, committed. And that from henceforth 
he certify the King of the names of those seeking such 
pardo)^ ^4 his advice thereon, and that the King do 



auisaraento suo^ et qd Rex faciat inde yoluntatem suam, et qd 
nult in Fi*a Hibh exnuc fac tales pdonaciones infra libtatem 
vel ext* sub g*ui forisftiira dni Regis. 

Itm qd dcuB Justic decePo non conoe<1at tuicione pacia 
felonib3 ^ siluam existentib5. Itm qd vna « eadem Lex fiat 
tam Hibnicis q*m Anglicis, excepta Suitnte Betagioj^ penes 
dnos SU08 eodem tnodo quo vsitatu est in Angt de villanis. 
Itm qd Justic nee aliquis alius Minister decetero non det 
alicui custodiam vel Maritagiu alicuius hered ad Regem 
ptinencia, nee pdonet debita Regis seu fines aficiamenta yel 
catalla forisf ta, set qd Justic « alii Ministri huiusmodi custodias 
« Maritag vendont % at comodu Regf inde fac iux* diacreciones 

Ita qd vie « Coronator decePo eligant' p Cditates GomitatuQ, 
et non alio modo, et qd catalla forisf ta remaneant in custodia 
villati^. Itm qd Justic seu aliquis alius Minister non recipiat 
alique Magnatem in plegiu vel manucaptorem ^sus dnm 
Regem nisi quatenus ad cdmodu dni Regis viderint faciend. 
Itm qd Justic obsides p conseruacione pacis sibi liberatos in 
Castris dni Regf faciat saluo custodiri ad sumptus suos 
pprioS; et qd si ipi qui posuerunt huiusmodi obsides condiciones 
% conuenciones qiias fe&nt non obsement, Justic faciat 
Justiciam % Judiciu de huiusmodi obsidib3. Itm qd Justic 
seu aliquis Magnas Hibii non conoedat ptectiones alicui cont* 
pacem Regf existenti. Itm qd nuUus Minister^ Regf deceto 

1 The oopy in the Bed Book ends her^. 

V. IBDWAllD lit. 325 

therein his will, and that no person in the land of Ireland 
henceforth give such pardons within a Liberty or without, 
under a heavy forfeiture to the lord the King. 

II. Also that the said Justiciar from henceforth shall not No protection 
grant the tuition of the peace to felons being in the woods. woods. 

III. Also that one and the same law be made as well for Same law for 

— Irish as 

the Irish as the English, except the service of betaghs in English, save 
the power of their lords, in the same manner as is used in ^'Z*^^*^^ 
England concerning villeins. 

IV. Also that neither the Justiciar nor any other officer The King's 
from henceforth give to any person the wardship or marriage marriages 
of any heir, appertaining to the King, nor pardon debts of ^ be.Bold 
the King, whether fines, amercements or chattels forfeited, 

but that the Justiciar and other officers sell such like ward- 
ships and marriages and make other protit thereof for the 
King, according to their discretions. 

v. Also that from henceforth the sheriffs and coroners Sheriffs and 

be elected by the communities of the counties, and not in any eUcted b 

other manner, and that chattels forfeited remain in the communities 

of the counties, 
custody of the townships. 

YI. Also that the Justiciar or any other officer shall not No magnate 
receive any magnate in pledge or mainprise towards the lord towu-cfatti^ 
the King, unless as far as for tlie advantage of the lord the ^ii^S- 
King they shall see it meet to be done. 

VII. Also that the Justiciar cause the hostages for the Hostages for 
preservation of the peace io hiia delivei^ed to be safely kept at P®*^« ^^ ^ 
his own costs, in the castles of the lord the King, and that caatles, &c. 
if they who have given such hostages observe not the 
conditions and conventions which they shall have made, the 
Justiciar shall execute j ustice and judgment upon such hostages. 

VIII. Also that the Justiciar or any magnate of Ireland ^q protection 
shall not grant protections to any person being against the ^ ^y b^g 
King's peace. King's peace. 


redpiatur in plegiu yel manacaptore f bus dum Begem. Itm 
qd fines de vaccis decePo p redempcione non capiant' set 
denarii. Itm qd Treuga capta % capienda inP Anglicos % 
HiBnicon decePo obqeruef, et qd neutra pars dampnu alteri 
durante Iiuiusmodi Treuga inferat, et si feAint p felonia heat^ 
Ttm qd nullus vtlagatus in gildabili receptet' infra liBtates nee 
econfiso, et inde fiat ordinacio p Justic % alios Ministros « 
dnos liBtatu. Itm qd vie % alii Ministri coputent quott anno 
semel ad minus si c5mode fieri poPit. Itm qd senescaUns 
alicuius dni HiBii non ponaf in aliquo officio Regis. Itm qd 
Thes Reg(> vel aliquis alius Minister Reg(> vbi ipe intendere 
non potest supuideat quolibet anno Oastra Regf « statu 
eo]^dem, et qd emendari fac defectus eo]^dem. Itm qd vie in 
ret*'nis que faciut de Brib3 dni Regf ponant ndia sua. Ita qd 
quitt vie de exit forisf tis % aliis pficuis que requirunf sB nQie 
vie ofiet' ad sc^cm p tempo suo pprio. Itm qd ext^ei non 
assignent' Collectores Custumi^ Regf set Burgenses yillaj^ 
ubi tales custume coUigi debent assignenf ad eas colligend, et 
hoc fiat de potenciorib3 % di8creciorib3. Itm qd Justic fac 

V. fiDWARD nt. S27 

IX. Also that no officer of the King from henceforth be No officer of 

received in pledge or mainprise towards the lord the King. be pled^d 

towards him. 

X. Also that fines of cows from henceforth be not taken Money to be 
for redemption, but money. ^^^ ''' ^°*- 

XI. Also that a tnioe taken and to be taken between the Truce 
English and Irish from henceforth shall be observed, and that Engl^h and 
neither party do injury to the other during such truce, and if ^^^ *2^** 
they do, that it be held for felony. 

XII. Also that no outlaw in geldable land be received No outlaw in 

within Liberties, nor conversely ; and that order be made to be received 

thereon by the Justiciar and other officers and the lords of *" ,^'^'*^*®"» 

•^ and con- 

Liberties, versely. 

XIII. Also that the sheriffs and other officers account every Sheriffs, Ac, 

to account 
once a year. 

year, once at the least, if it can be conveniently done. accoun 

XIV. Also that the seneschal of any lord of Ireland be A lord's 

not placed in any office of the King. Ttet'lffi^ 

of the King. 

XV. Also, that the King's Treasurer, or some other officer King's castles 
of the King, where he himself cannot undertake it, inspect ^ ^^jj?" 
every year the King's castles and the state thereof, and that by the 

he cause their defects to be remedied. reasurer. 

XVI. Also that the sheriffs put their names in the returns Sheriffs to 

which they make of the writs of the lord the King, so that S!!!!^^*'' 

^' names in 

every sheriff be charged at the Exchequer for his ow« time, returns to 
for the issues, forfeitures, and other profits which are demanded 
under the name of the sheriff. 

XVII. Also that strangers be not appointed collectors Burgesses to 
of the King's customs, but that burgesses of the town^ where collect 
such customs should be collected, be appointed to collect them, towns, 
and that this [appointment] be made from among the most 
influential and discreet. 


inquirere quott anno de Ministris dni Regf , « ec^ fas, et qd 
puniat delinquentes p consiliu % auiaamentu Oanceli Thei % 
alic^ de oonailio Kegf % ammoueat insufficientes % ponas 
Bufficientes. Itm qd nnllus manuteneat nee ducat kemos nee 
gentes vocatas Idelmen nisi in marchiis suis ppriis, et ad 
custus eoj^dem, nee fac prisas. Itm qd omes Ministri Regis 
qui tenenf ad computand, et non tient Pras aeu ten suffic in 
HiBn inueniant roanucapcione in Hi&n ad respondend Regi 
de com{S suia ibidem. Itm qd omes Rentes Pras % ten in HiBn 
tarn religiosi q^m alii j^muniant'' qd resideant in eisdem, si sint 
in Marchiis vel alibi vel ponant sufficiente custodiam p 
conaeruacione pacis in eisdem, citra festu sci Petri ad yincta 
pi futuf, et si non fe^int qd Rex in ea^ defectu, fras « ten 
ilia in manu auam capiet « de aufficienti cuatodia ec^dem 
ordinabit. Itm qd nullua cuiuacuq^ statua aeu condicionia 
manuteneat foueat nee defendat HiBnicos, aeu alio quecuc^ 
contra paeem dni Regf inaurgente. £t ai aliquia sic fefit 
« inde conuictua ffiit, p felone heatur. In cuiua rei teatimon 
has traa iiraa fieri fecimua patentea. T'. meipo a|^ Croyndon 
f'cio die Mardi anno r n Quinto. p ipm Regem % cons. 

Yen hie irro' p manua Thorn de Burgh Thei HiBn xix^ die 
Nouembr anno aup^co. 


XVTII. Also that the Justiciar cause inquiry every year Justiciar to 
concerning the officers of the lord the Kinf , and their yew-ly aa to 
proceedings, and that he punish delinquents by the counsel ^ ^*°C" 
and advice of the chancellor, treasurer and others of the 
King's CouncD, and remove the inefficient, and place efficient 
persons [in their stead], 

XIX Also that no person maintain or lead kernes or No kernes or 
persons called idlemen, except in their own marches and at jjj their own 
their own costs, nor take prises. marches. 

XX. Also that all the King's officers who are bound to King's oflScen 
account, and have not lands or tenements sufficient in Ii-eland, -^ to™**"~ 
find mainprise in Ireland to answer to the King concerning account, 
their accounts there. 

XXI. Also that all persons having lands and tenements in All having 

Ireland, as well religious persons as others, be forewarned Ireland to 

that they reside in the same, whether they be in the marches ^^^^^ ^^ same, 
■^ f J Qj, place guard 

or elsewhere, or that they place sufficient guard for the in them. 

preservation of the peace in the same, before the feast of 

St. Peter ad vincula next to come, and if they shall not do so, 

that the King, on their default, take the said lands and ^" ^°* ^' 

tenements into his hand and make order concerning their 

sufficient keeping. 

XXII. Also that no person of whatsoever state or condition, None to 
maintain, favour, or defend Irishmen or any other person jriah who are 
whatever, rising against the King's peace. And if any person ^*"** ^® 
do so and be thereof convicted, that he be held as a felon. 

In witness whereof we have caused these our letters to be 
made patents. Witness myself at Croydon the third day of 
March in the fifth year of our reign. 

By the King himselfand Council 

They came here to be enrolled by the hands of Thomas de 
Burgh, treasurer of Ireland, the nineteenth day of November 
in the year aforesaid. 



5 EDWARD III. A.D. 1331. 

[Memoranda Roll of thk Exchkquer, 5 and 6 Edward III., 

m. 2/.] 
pro Reg« de "TT1 DWARDUS dei gra Rex Angt Dns HiBn % Dux Aqnit 
Jl.^ ditcis « fide]ib3 sois Antonio de Lucy Justic, Ade de 
Ijmbergli Oanoellar, % Thouio de Burgh Thes suis Hibo salim. 
Quia in pliamento iiro nup apud Westm tento p nos ^latoe, 
Comites, Barones, % cditatem regni nii oonoordatum fuit, qd 
omes donacoes p nos facte postq*^ snscepimus gubemacta 
regni nri de castris, villis, Mafiiis, terris, ten, Wardis, cuatodiis, 
Maritagiis, Baltis, <« li&tatib3 reuocenf « eadem castra, ville, 
Mafiia, terro, ten, Warde, custodie, Maritagia, Baltie « li^tates 
resumant*^ in manu nrain p eo qd negoda nos « statu regni 
nri % terre ^dce contingencia p quosdam tunc consiliarios nroe 
deducta fuerant ad nri dampnu « dedecus ac depaupacoem 
pof^li diet! regni, YoB mandamus qd omia castra, villas, Mafiia^ 
terras, ten, Waixlas, custodias, Maritagia, Balliaa « li^tates p 
nos postq^m gubernacta regni nri suscepimus, data, concessa, 
sen comissa in manu nram resuraatia, et ea ad opus nrm p 
bonos « sufficientes Oustodes p yos ad hoc deputand, aalno 
custodiri fac, qui de oxitib3 inde puSientib3 noB ad sc*cim nrm 
Dublin respondeant put decet. T.' meipo apud Croyndon 
q*nto die Marcii anno r n q'nto. 

Yen hie irrotuland p manus Thoih de Burgh Thes xxi^ die 
Januu^ i supMco. 

6 EDWARD in. A.D. 1882. 

[Writ for Obsirvancb in Iriland of si viral STATrrTvs.]^ 

The King to Yaa trusty and well-beloved Anthony de Lnoy, his 
justiciar of Ireiand, greeting. Certain statutes by us, the Prelates, 
Earls, Barons, and other great men of our realm, published in divan 
our parliaments, since we took upon ns the government of our realm, 
we send unto you, in patent form, commanding that the statutes 
aforesaid, and all the articles therein contained, in our aforesaid land 
of Ireland, as well within liberties as without, you cause to be publicly 
proclaimed ; and as much as to you and our people of those parts 

1 The text, taken from Statate Roll (En?L; m. 98, is printed in Siaiutet vi VU 
EvAm^ L, p. Mf. 


5 EDWARD HI. A.D. 1331. 
For the King, ) Tjl DWARD by the grace of 

concerning resumption, i * -^ God, King of England, 
lord of Ireland and duke of Aquitaine, to his beloved and 
faithful Anthony de Lucy, his justiciar, Adam de Ljonbergh 
his chancellor, and Thomas de Burgh his treasurer of Ireland, 
greeting. Whereas in our parliament lately held at West- 
minster, by our prelates, earls, barons and commons of our 
kingdom, it was agreed that all gifts by us made, after we 
undertook the government of our kingdom, of castles, towns, Caatlee, lands, 
manors, lands, tenements, wardships, custodies, marriages, af^rthe Kinir 
bailiwicks and liberties should be revoked, and the said undertook the 
castles, towns, manors, lands, tenements, wardships, custodies, ^^[^^J^*^ed 
marriages, bailiwicks and liberties be resumed into our into hia handa. 
hand, by reason that matters concerning us and the state of 
our kingdom and land aforesaid, by certain of our then 
councillors were carried out to our injury and dishonour, and the 
impoverishing of the people of the said kingdom ; we command 
you that all castles, towns, manors, lands, tenements, ward- 
ships, custodies, marriages, bailiwicks and liberties; by us, 
after we undertook the government of our kingdom, given, 
granted or committed, you resume into our hand, and the 
same to our use, by good and sufficient keepers by you for this 
purpose to be deputed, you cause to be safely kept, who of the 
issues thereout accruing shall answer to us at our Exchequer 
of Dublin, as is meet. Witness myself at Croydon the fifth 
day of March, in the fifth year of our reign. 

This came here to be enrolled by the hands of Thomas de 
Burgh^ treasurer, the twenty-first day of January in the 
year aforesaid. 

belongs, to bo firmly kept and observed. Witness the King at North- 
ampton, the 11th day of April, in the sixth year of the King aforesaid. 
V The following Statutes were sent into Ireland with the foregoing 
writ: — 

1 Edward m. 1327. Statutes I. and II. Westminster. (See 
SkUfUes of the Realm, I., p. 251). 

2 Edward III. 1328. Northampton. (See SUOtOes of the Realm, 
I., p. 267). 

4 Edward m. 1330. Westminster. (See Statutes of the Realm, 
I., p. 261). 

6 Edward III. 1331. Westminster. (See Statutes of the Realm, 
L, p. 265). 


16 EDWARD III. A.D. 1342. 

[Rkd Book of thb Exchkqubb in Ireland, fol. 13-20.] ^ 

r X~ Ed peticions] qeiisuent furent baillez a ure seign' le 
I — LJ Roi de fTranoe « DeaglePre p frier John [Lurcher] 
Pnour del hospital seint John de Jertm en Irlaand % monj 
Thomas Wogan enuoi[ez an Roy] en message p les Prelatz 
Countz Barons <^ la c5e de la terre Dirlande one aatr's 
[articles queux] le Roi p lauisemet de son consail ad ordeine 
queles peticions f iiront diligoalmet [examinez «] responduz p 
le consail le Roi et les responses escriptes seBalmet a^s chescun 
pe[ticion %] puis le Roi oyz « ontenduz les dites peticiones % 
responses si acorda « comanda q lez [dites] responses oue les 
autres articles feusent tenutz « mainienuz en toutz pointz sur 
les pei[nes oon]teuus en ycelles. 

[Tres]ch seign' ptie de les defautes p' quoi vous neates mie 
responduz des issues de vre Pro Dirlande come votz pgenif^s 
soleient.estre si sont p les enchesons q ensuont cost asauoir 
[sire] q auxi bien votz Maooirs, Chaateux, fforcelets « autres 
votz deoieiniis Pros dount votz pgenitours soleient resceuire 
graudes issues % pfits oome les Manoirs, Ghasteux « fforcelets 
DuluesP « de Connaght q luront al Couiite DuluesP « ore 
aoiint en vre garde dount sire vo' auiez en Connaght la 
Jurisdiccione real p tut de reison « de queles les Countz 
DuluesP soloient auoir grandes issues « auantages % ensemet 
sire autres di&ses Pres « tempaltez q deuienent en vre [gar]de 
p defaute de bones ministres q y dussent auoir mis bone 
gofinemet si sount mttz des[trutz] issint sire q poi de profit 
vieiit a vous de toutes celles Vrea « pmie meismcs les Vres 
issint destrutz % iieblement gardez^ les ires veisinables si sont 
destrutz pont sire la tierce pte « plus de vre Pre Dirlande q 
fust oonquis en temps de votz pgenit's est ore deuenutz en la 

1 Blanks in the originul, caused by obUterations, &a, are supplied from text 
(extended) printed in Calendar Clote BolU, Bdwaid Ul^ 13A1-S (P. R. O. Mrle*), 
p. MS, taken from CUm Boll (BogL). IS Edward HL, pt 1, m. SM. The text 
%]ao appears in Frynne's AnimadvertUnu (1009), p. 278. 

XVI. EDWARD lU. 333 

16 EDWARD III. A.D. 1342. 

r f I THE Petitions] which follow were presented to our Petitions to 

I L loi-d, the King of France and England, by brother ^if^^^l^ 

John [Larcher], piiorof the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem answera. 
in Ireland, and sir Thomas Wogan, sent to the King as 
messengers by the Prelates, Earls, Barons, and the Commonalty 
of the land of Ireland, with other articles, whicli the King, 
by the advice of his Council, has ordained ; which Petitions 
were diligently [examined and] answered by the King's Coun- 
cil, and the answers written severally after each Petition; 
and then the King, having heard and attended to the said 
Petitions and answers, agreed and commanded that the [said] The anawerB. 
answers, with the other articles, should be held and main- ^^^^ 
tained in all points, upon the penalties therein contained. 

I. [Very] good loixl, part of the defaults, by reason whereof ReMona for 
you are not answered of the issues of your land of Ireland, as J^^ ^ P^** 
your progenitors were wont to be, are due to the following King's lands. 
causes, namely, [sire] that as well your manors, castles, forta- 
lices, and other your demesne lands, out of which your pro- 
genitors were wont to receive gi-eat issues and profits, as the 
manors, castles, and fortalices of Ulster and of Connaught, 
which belonged to the Earl of Ulster, and which are now in 
your custody, of which, sire, you have in Connaught the royal 
jurisdiction by every right, and of which the Earls of Ulster 
were wont to have great issues and advantages ; and likewise, 
idro, divers other lands and temporalities which come into 
your [custody] are by want of good officers, who ought there 
to have placed good government, so much destroyed, that, 
sire, little profit accrues to you out of all those lands ; and 
besides the same lands so destroyed and feebly guarded, the 
neighbouring lands are destroyed, whereby, sire, the third part 
and more of yoor land of Ireland, which was conquered in the 
time of your progenitors, is now come ipto the bund of your 


meine de votz enemis Irrejs % votz liges gentz Ebigleis sont 
tant espouerez q apeine poeiit ils viure. Et issint sire q p 
greuanoe des ditz enemis dune pt % excesse doffice des 
ministres dautre pt come ?ra ben moustre vo^ nestes mie 
responduz des issues % profitz de vre dite fre, sioome yoe 
pgenitours soleient estre ike votz ditz lieges ne se poent 
conteuir saatz romedie de vre bon seign'ie. 

C. A ceste peticion p' ceo q ele est gefial si nest mie 
respodce done ici, mais celle est assez respondue en lea autres 
articles qensuent q sont mis en especial. 

C. Ensement sire come nulle f re ne p'ra estre ben go&ne 
san tz ley % armes, yob Ministres sire en Irlande failont souent 
en lune et en lautre, Cest assauoir sire q p la ou j li ad 
continuele gerre en Connaght et aillours en vre dite Pre 
pentre les linages Engleis p defaute sire q votz Ministres ne 
viegnot point pur fere execncione de ioi de& les mesfesoors 
ne lea restreignont p force darmes ceux pais sont tant 
destrutz % troblee q sire pnez uul pfit. 

C. Le Boi enuoiera bones gentz p' enquerre des choses q bout 
mespris % pur les redi^escer en due mafie, et si voet il ordiner 
illoqs bones Ministres p' gouerfi ben la fre % meiutefi la 

C. Easement sire votz Ministres chiuaucheut [ascu]ne foitz 
efibrcemet en vre dite Pre ou il nad meister p cause de 
resceuire gages q destrat vre Tresor. 

C. Le Boi defent seur greue forfait'e qils ne chiuauchent [de 
gerre] ne ne facent tiels des|)ense8 mais en la mafie mais q*nt 
il busoigne et SDit enquys [queux] ont fisiit al enoontre « soient 
punitz solonc la q^ntite du trespas de quele estat [qils 

C. EnsemSt sire yoe Chasteux de Roscoman, Radon % 
Athlon, Bonrat [« autres chas]teux « fforceletz q dussent estre 
en vre maine % p qux tut le pais [entour soloit estre] conforte 


Irish enemies, and your English lieges are so impoverished 
that they can hardly live. And accordingly, sire, by trouble 
from the said enemies on the one side, and official misconduct 
of the officers on the other side, as shall be well proved, you 
are not answered of the issues and profits of your said land, 
as your progenitonT were wont to be, nor can your said lieges 
maintain themselves without remedy from your gracious 

To this petition, because it is general, no answer is here Answer, 
given, but it is sufficiently answered in the other articles 
which follow, which are framed in particular. 

n. Also, sire, though no land can be well governed without Offioen not 
law and arms, your officers, sire, in Ireland, often fail in the J^^^y force* 
one and in the other ; that is to say, sire, that whereas there ot arms, 
is continual war in Connaught and elsewhere in your said land 
among those of English blood, by default, sire, of your officers 
in not coming to execute the law upoA evil doers, and not 
restraining them by force of arms, thoee countries are so 
destroyed and troubled, that, sire, you receive no profit. 

The King will send trusty people to enquire into the matters Answer, 
which are done amiss, and redress them in due manner, and it 
is his will to ordain there good officers to govern the land well, 
and to maintain the law. 

III. Likewise, sire, your officers [some]times ride in force Officers ride in 
in your said land, where there is no need, for the sake of vlewtofees* 
receiving fees, which destroys your treasure. 

The King forbids, under a heavy penalty, that they ride Answer, 
[to war], or any longer cause such expenses in this manner, 
except when it is necessary, and let enquiry be made as to 
those who have done the contrary, and let them be punished 
according to the amount of trespass, of what estate soever 
[they be]. 

IV. Likewise, sire^ your castles of Roscommon, Randon Castles, &o., 
and Athlone, Bunratty [and other castles] and fortalices which hands by'" 
ought to be in your hand, and by which all the country ^^*"j* ^ *^« 


« d^endu bI sont ore en meines des Iireis enemis et p cestes 
[defautes oest] asHauoir sire q les Tresorers Dirlande q 
deussont ^stemet auoir paie [as Conestables] lur feez, ils ne le 
voloient pas faire eins delaierent la paie [tantqil lour 
couendjroit ent re]lesser g^de ptie pur auoir le remanent 
issint sire q les dits [Oonestables ne poent] lours offices 
couenabiement pfournir « iademeyns sire les ditz Tresorers 
[ont entz pleuere] allowance sur lours acomptes des fees 

C. Ensemet [sire ascuns ont la ^ar]de des Cbastenz q ia nj 
mettont le pee. Et ascunes des [Miuistres ont la garde des 
chasjteux pur couetise des grandes fees « mettont en lor [lieu 
gentz de rieut a meindres] custages qils poent eschapcr et 
issint sire sont votz Gbasteuz « fforoelets les vns abatu[tz et 
les] vns en meines des Irreis enemis « les autres en g<^de pil 
destre pduz, et ceo sire p defaute des bons Minist<res q / 
dussent amendement mettre. 

C. Q*nt as Tresorers q ne [voUoient] paier p temps * q 
p^steront ptie pur faire la remenant % ont euz allowance del 
[tut sur] lurs accomptes ; soit enquis % due punissemet fait de 
euz. Et les Tresorers paiont desore les fees ^stement sur 
peine de respondre au Roi "^ a son poeple des damages q [ent 
auen]dront p lur defaute % le Justice ou son lieutenant 
Burueye q les Chasteux. le Roi soient ben estuffez des gentz 
darmes archiers % des autres garnisons suffissan- 
[cje des] fees des Conestables % solonc co q la chose demande 
de necessite % solonc ceo [q d]antiquite soloit estre fait Et 
q"nt a ceuz q ount la garde des chasteux le Roi [% ne 
de]moerent point sur lur dites gardes % ensemet as Ministres 
qenpnent la garde des [ChaR]teux le Roi pur couetise des 
g^des fees soit mande au Justice Dirland ou a son lieutenant 
qil mette tiels Conestables % tiels gamissons en Chasteux qils 
purront sauuer les Chnsteux % aider au pais enuiron « qii 
demoergent sur lur gardes sur peine de respondre au Roi ^ a 

XVI, EDWARD HI. ' 387 

[around was wont to be] strengthened and defended, are now 
in the hands of the Irish enemies, and by these [defaults], that is 
io say, sire, that the Treasurers of Ireland, who ought promptly 
to have paid [the constables] their fees, would not do it, but 
delayed making payment [until they agreed to] forego a great 
part, in order to have the remainder, with the result, sire, that 
the said [constables cannot] properly perform their offices ; 
and nevertheless, sire, the said Treasurers [have thereof f\dl] 
allowance on their accounts of fees aforesaid. 

likewise, sire, certain persons have the custody of castles, Neglect of 
who never set foot in them. And some of [the officers have ^|^f4, 
custody of castles] through greed of large fees, and put in their 
[place men of no substance at less] cost, which they are able 
to conceal, and so, sire, your (»stles and fortalices are, some in 
ruins, some in the hands of the Irish enemies, and others in 
great danger of being lost ; and this, sire, for want of good 
officers, who ought to make amendment herein. 

As to the Treasurers who [would] not pay in time, and who Answer. 
took part, as a condition for payment. of the remainder, and ^^^rs. 
have had allowance of [all on] their accounts, let enquiry be 
made, and due punishment executed on them. And let the 
Treasurers henceforth pay the fees promptly, on pain of 
answering to the King and to his people for the losses which 
may hapi)en therein by their default, and let the Justiciar or 
his lieutenant see that the King's castles be well f urniBhed King's castles 
with men at arms, archers and other equipments, according to equipped, 
the adequacy of the fees of the constables, and according as 
necessity demands, and as from olden time was wont to be 
done. And as to those who have the custody of the King's Sufficient 
castles, and do not dwell on their said wards, and likewise as eame. 
to the officers who undertake the custody of the King's castles 
through greed of large fees, be it commanded io the Justiciar 
of Ireland or his lieutenant that he put such constables and 
such equipments in the castles that they may be able to pre- 
serve the castles, and aid the country around, and that they 
dwell on their wards, on pain of answering to the King and to 



son poeple des damages qauendront p lours defaates. Et q 
autres q ont la garde des Ghasteux en pais de doim le Roi en 
fee ou en autre mafie y mettont couenable gamison solonc 
lafferant de lurs fees <c deinoergent sur lur gardes sur peine de 
pdre lur gardes des ditz Ghasteux oue les app'tenanoes % de 
respondere au Roi % as autres des damages q ensi auendront 
p lur defaute. Et q pur nul mandement q vendra da Roi 
nul hdme eit garde du Ghastel sil ne denioerge en ppre psone 
% face ceo q atient come desuis est dit, et soit mande yne bref 
au Justice ou son lieutenant « vne autre an Chanoeler q si 
ensi soit q celui a qi la garde est ghite ne j uoile dem'er ; qils 
facent autre en son lieu. Et soit mande au Tresorer qil ne 
paie gages a celui forsc^ pur le temps qil demoert « pur lea 
gentz qil retient. 

G. Ensement sire votz Mimstres donnent fees pur la garde 
de Ghasteux auxi ben la ou Ghasteux ne sont mie come la on 
ils sont seur quei sire si hom enquetge ben Jitt troue q 
Tresorers enount plaine allowance sur lours aoomptes p la on 
ils nount paie fors poi ou nient. 

G. Le Roi defi'ent q rienz ne soit paiez pur la garde du 
Ghastel pdu ou abatu % soit enq*s de ceux q ount ensi folemeiit 
paiez % respoignent ent au Roi. Et soient baillez as ceux q 
enquerrunt les t^nsesc'pts des acomptes des Tresorers renduz 
a Lescheqer % soient puniz solonc lur desert a la suite du 
Roi % de ptie, et q le Justice ou son lieutenat % le Ghanceller 
Dirland q pur le temps Iront suruoient chescune an oue bone 
diligSce auxi bien les pcelles des acomptet* desouz Ministres 
% de ceux q paient gages de genre « de tou* autres 
acomptables al Tresorer en Lescheqer touchantz les aooptes 
des Tresorers come doit Tresorer meismes, « si rien soit a 
chalenger y mettot lours chalenges % meismes les acomptes 
« pcelles is^ut s'ueuz % examine* ensemblement oue lur 


his people for the losses that may happen by their defaults. 

And that others, who have the custody of castles in the country, 

of the King's gift in fee, or in any other manner, place in them 

suitable equipment, according to the proportion of their fees, 

and dwell on their wards, on pain of losing their custody of 

said castles, with the appurtenances, and of answering to the 

King and to others for the losses which shall thus happen by 

their default. And by no warrant which shall come from the 

King let any man have custody of a castle^ if he dwell not [there] 

in his own person, and do what appertains thereto as is above 

said. And let a writ bo sent to the Justiciar or his lieutenant, 

and another to the Chancellor, that if it be so that he to whom If cuBtodians 

custody is granted, will not dwell there, that they appoint ^^°„^^ to"' 

another in his place. And be it commanded to the Treasurer he appointed 

that he pay him no wages save for the time that he dwell 

there and for the men that he retains. 

V. Likewise, sire, your officers give fees for the custody of Fees paid for 
castles, as well where castles are not as where they ai*© ; no'wfuM^*'^* 
as to which, sire, if enquiry be made, it will clearly be found exist, 
that Treasurers have full allowance on their accounts, whereas 
they have paid but little or nothing. 

The King forbids that anything be paid for the custody of a Answer, 
castle lost or thrown down, and let enquiry be made of those Such for- 
who have thus foolishly paid, and let them answer for it to the penalty. 
King. And let the transcripts of the Treasurers' accounts 
rendered to the Exchequer be delivered to those who shall 
make enquiry, and let them be punished according to their 
desert at the suit of the King and of the party, and that the 
Justiciar or his lieutenant and the Chancellor of Ireland for Provisions for 
the time being, examine each year with good diligence, as well of ^^J^unu** 
the parcels of the accounts of the under officers and of those 
who pay wages of war, and of all others accountable to the 
Treasurer in the Exchequer, touching the accounts of Treasurers, 
as ought the Treasurer himself; and if there be anything to 
challenge, let them put thereon their challenges, and let the 
accounts themselves and the parcels so surveyed and examined, 

Z 2 


chalenges soient clos souz les seals des ditz Justice on son liea- 
tenant % Chanceller % le seal del Escheqer, % enuoie en 
EnglePre quele hiire q les Tresorers Sront mandez pur lar 
acomptes rendre. 

C. Ensement sire plusours autres choses sount come douns 
de vre dit poeple a vous sire faitz « prises de Tittailles pur rre 
gerre descoce « aillurs de quoi sire plaine allowance est fait 
as Tresorers santz paiement faire a ceux des queux les 
vittailles sont ensi p*s ou gre aupir de vous sire pur lur 

G. Soit enqnis « puny come deuant. 

C. Ensement sire difises Eschetours Tiscontes % autres 
Ministres acomptables sont faitz ascunz p Comissions de dela 
% ascuns de deoea « sont g^uement endettez a vous sire « poi 
ount on nient dount paier % ascuns passent en EnglePre « 
ascuns moerent p decea, issint sire q vre poeple nest descharge 
de ceo qils leuent de eux ne vo' sire Svlj en destresse de vre 
tresore « gref damage de vre poepla 

0. Soit enquis de teux Ministres q ount este et le Roi 
certefie des nouns [« de] lours mainpno^s % de lours terres 
« tenementz « bienz quele pt qils soient. Et si voet [le Roy] 
q desore le Jttstioe son lieutenant Chanceller ne Treaorer 
Dirlande pur nul man[dement] q lur vendra hors DengleFre 
resceiuent ne facent nul Ministre aoomptable [sil ne] soient 
suffisant de respondre au Roi % au poeple solonc ceo q y 
apent et [si nuUes] q ount este ensi Aiinistres soient demorantz 
en EngleFre « ne ount rendutz aoopte [soit] la court ey 
ftifie de lours nouns « soit pees fait ^s eux en EnglePre de 
les [faire] venir en Irlande a Lescheqer de rendre lur 
accompte illeoqes, « y soit fait ceo q [la ley] voet pur le Roi 
% pur autre* 

XVI. EDWARD m. 941 

together with their challenges, be closed under the seals of the 
said Justiciar or his lieutenant and the Chancellor, and the 
seal of the Exchequer, and sent into Englatid, whenever the 
Treasurers shall be directed to render their accounts. 

YI. Likewise, sire, several Ovher things there are, as gifts Payment for 
of your said people made to you, sire, and prises of victuals ^iken* 
for your Scotch war and elsewhere, of which, sire, full allowance 
is made to the Treasurers without payment being made to 
those from whom the victuals are so taken, or satisfaction had 
from you, sire, for their gifts. 

Let it bo enquired of and punished, as before. Answer. 

YIL Likewise, sire, divers escheators, sheriffs and other Officers ap- 
accountable officers are appointed, some by commissions on that Efficient te 
side, and some on this, and they are heavily indebted to you, ^^nswer to the 
sire, and have little or nothing wherewith to pay, and some 
pass into England and some remain here, so that, sire, your 
people is not discharged of what they levy of them, nor are 
you, sire, served, to the distress of your Treasury and grievous 
loss of your people. 

Let enquiry be made of such officers as have done so, and Answer, 
the King be certified of the names [and of] their mainpernors, Enquiry td be 
and of their lands and tenements and goods, in whatever part ' 
they be. And [the King] wills that from henceforth the 
Justiciar, his lieutenant, the Chancellor and Treasurer of 
Ireland shall not, for any mandate that shall come to them out 
of England, receive or make any officer accountable, [if they] 
be not sufficient to answer to the King and to the people, ac- 
cording to what in that case appertains, and [if any] who have 
so been officers, be dwelling in England, and have not rendered Process 
account, let the court here be certified of their names, and let dwellers in 
process be made against them in England [to cause] them to ^S^^d, to 
come to Ireland, to render their account at the Exchequer accounts here 
there, and be that done therein which [the law] wills for the 
King and for other. 


C. Ensement sire si nules Pres eschesent en vre maiiie en 
Marche ou fors de Marche p voie de garde % soient lessez a 
ascune home votz Ministres ne[allow]ezit nuUe moSes des 
coostages mis en sustenance des dites terres p quele defaute 
sire manoirs sont gastez « destruitz et Chasteux abatuz oome 
piert en Ylue&iF « en Connagtit % aillours en vre dite fre p 
quoi sire votz enemis sont le plus esbaudez « oonfortez. 

G. Soient desoremais tieles Vres lesseez p bone sorete de 
les garder en auxi bone point en tutes choses come oeux 
iuront an iour du lees. Et si eles demoerent en la maine le 
Roi facent les Ministres en meisme la mafie, et sils ne facent 
soien repoinables au Roi « as heirs des dites frea q*nt ils 
Svoni de plain age « ce auxi bien du temps passe come du 
temps auenir. 

0. Ensemet sire pur ceo q ascunes de votz Ministres 
Dirlande enbracent plusours offices p couetise de auoir mouls 
des fees voillez Bire pur vre pfit ordiner q nul de votz 
Ministres illeoqes ne eit q vne office soulemet. 

C. Le Roi voet q nul Ministre neit q vne office % vn fee 
si necessite ne le demande ne q Ministre le Roi tant come il 
est officer le Roi p'eigne fee ou empensione de nuUy si le 
dit fee ou empensione ne lui fust g*nte devat qil feust Ministre 
le Roi % de ceo soient les Ministres inres deuant le Chief 
justice ou son lieutenant illeoqes. 

C. A nre seign' le Roi mousti*ent votz lieges ^tz Countz 
Barons « les comunes de ^re Pre Dirlande q oome difises 
gentz de ^ro ligeance come Descoce, Gasooigne « Qales souent 
as temps passez ount leue^ centre lur seign' liege tut temps 
sire votz lieges gentz Engleis Dirlande se sont ben % loialmer. 
contenuz de&s lur liege seig' % toutz iours ferront si a dieu 
plest maintenant ?re dite Pre al oeps de votz pgenitours sire 
« de vo^ auxi bien encontre les Escots come les Irreys votz 


^ De guerre inserted here in CloBe BoU. 

XVI. EDWAttD tit. 34S 

VIII. likewiae, sire, if any lands isscheat into jour baud, OoaU of 

in the March or out of the March, by way of custody, and be J^a*hmdf, 
leased to any man, your officers do not allow any manner of *c., not 
costs expended in support of the said lands, by which default, 
sire, manors are wasted and destroyed, and castles thrown 
down, as appears in Ulster and in Connaught and elsewhere 
in your said land, whereby, sire, your enemies are the more 
emboldened and strengthened. 

Henceforth let such lands be leased by good security to keep Answer. 

them in as good condition in all things as they were on the Leases only 

on good 
day of the lease. And if they remain in the King's hand, let security. 

the officers do in the same manner, and if they ' do not, let 

them be responsible to the King and to the heirs of the said 

lands, when they shall be of full age, and this a.H well for 

time past as for time to come. 

IX. Likewise, sire, inasmuch as some of your officers of OflScers hold- 

ing several 
Ireland combine several offices, through greed of having a large offices. 

amount of fees, be pleased, sire, for your profit, to ordain that 

none of your officers there hold but one office only. 

The King wills that an officer liave but one office and one Answer, 
fee, unless necessity demand it, nor that an officer of the King, on]y^^*^^ 
while he is an officer of the King, take fee or pension of any, **®l^- 
if the said fee or pension was not £;ranted to him before he was 
an officer of the King, and to this effect let the officers be 
sworn before the Chief Justiciar or his lieutenant there. 

X. To our lord the King show your h'eges, the Prelates, English Heget 
Earls, Barons, and the commons of your land of Ireland, that *" '^'^"^ 
whereas divers people of your allegiance, as of Scotland, Gas- their free- 
cony, and Wales, often in time past, have levied [war] against 

their liege lord, all the time, sire, your English liege i>eople of 
Ireland have conducted themselves well and loyally towards 
their liege lord, and always they will do so, if God please, 
holding your said land to the use of your progenitors, sire, and 
of yourself, as well against the Scots as the Irish your enemies, 


eneinjB et ceo sire tut le plus a lours costages ppres coment 

sire q altremet soit tesmoigne ailleurs p teux q sount mandes 

hors Dengletre de les go&nir q eux ue oimt gaires de 

coQoisauoe de tre dite Pre Dirlande ne q ont rienz ne poi a 

lur venir illeoqs dont ils poent viure « lur estat oontenir 

tanq^ ils soient^ cbeuis p extorcions coloures de lours oflELces a 

q^t destruccion de vre poeple, ooment sire qils resoeiuent 

de 7re Tresorie illeoqs lours fees dues % aoostiimez chescun p' 

son office. Et votz pgenit's sire % vo^ eiez done % g^tes p 

votz chres as difises gentz de tre dite Pre Vres % tens ffimnduses 

gardes manages « pardouns des dettes en regard p' lours 

bones Suioes p ^tue Qire des queles cllres ils enont este en 

peisible possession tantq^ ore ia nouelement q votz Ministres 

illAoqs p mandement hors DenglePre a ceo qils diont eiont 

repellez % pria en ^re meine q*ntq^ votz pgenit's * vo^ sire 

auez ensi done ^ g*nte auxi bien oeo q est done % g*nte p 

bone et resonable cause come autre, « oeo sire centre la force 

du dit mandemet % tut pur auer gentz en daunger pur lur 

singuler pfit quele chose sire semble a votz ditz lieges centre 

reson depus q^ lurs tmcestres % eaux lount ben deseruj « 

deseruont de iour en autre gardant «,maintenant q*nt(^ en 

eux est la seign'ie de ^re dite Pre a ?re oeps p quoi voas 

pleso sire ordiner qils ne soient oustez de lurs francf tens 

santz estre apelle en iugement come la g*nde c!ire voet. 

C. Les Pres tens franchises « autres choses donez et g*iitez 
p les pgeuifs le Roi soient restitutz % entieiement liurez a 
ceux desqueux ila furont p^s sauue tout foitz au Roi son 
droit quele bui-e qil purra ent estre apris ou meuls enfourmee. 
Et les Pres tens « franchises % autres choses donez % g*ntez p 
le Roy mcismes soient liures p bone % suffissante aeurte de 
les rendre entierement au Roi ensemblement one les issues 
ent retenues puis le temps de la seurete trouee issint q ajts la 


XVI. EDWARD ni. 346 

and tliis, sire, all the more at their own costs^ although testi- 
mony to the contrary, sire, may be borne elsewhere by those 
who are sent out of England to govern them, who themselyes 
have little knowledge of your said land of Ireland, and have 
little or nothing at their coming there by which they can live 
and maintain their position, until they ai'e supported by extor- 
tions under colour of their offices, to the great destruction of 
your people, although, sire, they receive from yourTreasury there 
their fees due and accusfomed each for his office. And your 
progenitors, sire, and yourself have given and granted by your 
charters to divers people of your said land, lands and tene- 
ments, franchises, wardships, marriages, and pardons of debts, 
in reward for their good services, by virtue, sire, of which 
charters, they have been in peaceable possession, until now 
lately when your officers there by mandate out of England, as 
they say, -have revoked them, and taken into your hand as 
much as your progenitors, and you, sire, have so given and 
granted, as well what was given and granted for good and 
reasonable cause as otherwise, and this, sire, against the force 
of the said mandate, and all for the purpose of having people 
in danger for their private profit ; which thing, sire, seems to 
your said lieges contrary to right, inasmuch as their ancestors 
and they have deserved well, and do deserve from day to day, 
guarding and maintaining, as far as in them is, the seigniory 
of your said land, to your use ; wherefore please it you, sire, to 
ordain that they be not ousted from their freeholds without 
being summoned in judgment, as the great charter wills. 

The lauds, tenements, franchises, and other things given and Aiibww. 
granted by the King's progenitors, let them be restored and Lands, &c., to 
delivered in their entirety to those from whom they were 
taken, saving always to th^ King his right, when he can be . 
thereof apprised or better informed. And the lands, tenements 
and franchisee and other things given and granted by the King 
himself, let them be delivered by good and sufficient security, to 
restore them in their entiraty to the King, together with the 
issues retained thereout since the time of the finding of the 



fleurete troue ne Boient oatez da cellos Pros auant q la iPite aoit 
aeur ceo tide en cas q [tieux] douns % g*ntz soieat trouez 
ropellables p resone come faitz p noun iuste cause on faux 
anggestione. Et en cas q les douns « g^tz issit faitz p k Boi 
soient trouez resonables « faitz p ^reie cause estoisent en lur 
force % soit la maine le Roi ostie « demoret les choses 
peisiblement as ceux as qneux eles f nrent g^tez « donez. £t 
les pdons des dettes [grantez] en temps le Roi meismes 
estoisent en lur force % sursessent les Ministres le Roi del 
le[uer] au tiels dettes s' autele surte t^tc^ les causes des ditz 
pdons soient duement trie sauue tute foitz le droit le RoL 

C. Ensemet sire come votz pgenito's % vous eiez done [«] 
g^tez p vos ctires as ascuns de f re dite Pre Pres « tens a fee 
ferme rendant p an a [votre] Escheqer de Dyuelyn lours 
fermes solopc les extentes ent faitz a la ^reie value par ^tue 
sire des queles chres ils ont este en peisible possessione des 
ditz fermes tanq^ [ore] ia nouelemet q vos susditz Ministres p 
colour du mandemet susdit eient repelle % pr[is] en vre mein 
meismes celles fermes centre reson ddpuis sire q votz ditz 
fermers ^stement paient lours ditz fermes % ^stz sont % 
suffissantz a ceo faire seur quoi sire vo^ plese ordiner remedie. 
Et voillez sire sauoir q si ceux Pres % tens demoerassent en tre 
maine vo^ ne aueriez mie de cler la moite du profit come les 
extentes amontent^ 

C. Soient les dites Pres % tens luierez as ditz ffermers p bone 
seurte come deuant % soient veuz les extentes diceux % si eles 
soient trouez resonables estoisent en lur force 't si nemie 
soient extenduz de nouel solonc ceo q les choses valoient au 
temps du lees et soient ceux q les tindront chargez de paier 
solonc les nouelles extentes % en celle manere les teignont 
auant. Et q le Roi soit respondutz de les dites Pres de tant 
come les ffermers dussont auoir renduz % de plus si la nouele 

XVI. EDWARD m. 847 

iroretj, so that after surety found, they be not ousted from those 

lands before the truth in this matter be tried, in case that 

[such] gifts and grants be found rightfully revokeable, as 

made by unjust cause or false suggestion. And in case the gifts 

and grants so made by the King be found rightful and made 

for good cause, let them stand in their force and let the King's 

hand be removed, and let the things remain peaceably to those 

to whom they were granted and given* And let the pardons of Pardons of ] 

debts [granted] in the King's own time stand in their force, ^^^^ 

and let the King's officers surcease from levying such debts on 

the like surety, until the causes of the said pardons be duly 

tried, saving always the King's right. 

XL Like^^ise, sire, as your progenitors and you have given pee-farm 
and granted by your charters to some of your said land, lands l^nda retaken 
and tenements in fee-farm, rendering yearly at [your] King's hands. 
Exchequer of Dublin their farms^ according to the extents 
thereof made, at the true value ; by virtue, sire, of which 
charters, they have been in peaceable possession of the said 
farms until now lately, when your aforesaid officers, by colour 
of the aforesaid mandate, have revoked and taken into your 
hand these same farms, contrary to right, since, sire, your said 
farmers promptly pay their said farms, and are ready and 
sufficient to do it ; wherefore, sire, may it please you to ordain 
a remedy. And you should know, sire, that if those lands and 
tenements remained in your hand, you would not have clear 
the half of the profit that the extents amount to. 

Let the said lands and tenements be delivered to the said Aaswer. 
farmers by good security as before^ and let the extents thereof Such lands to 
be viewed, and if they be found just, let them stand in their to farmers 
force, and if not, let them be extended anew, according*"^®**®"*" 
to what the things were worth at the time of the lease, and let 
those who hold theni be charged to pay according to the new 
extents, and in that manner let them hold them henceforward. 
And let the King be answered of the said lands of as much as 
the farmers ought to have rendered, and of more, if the new 


extente le demande. Et sils eiont abatuz boys q U Roi aoit 
responduz de tant ooine il valoit. 

C. Ensement sire si nnl g*nde on meene de votz ditz liges 
deui6*« V0U8 soit tenutz en plus ou en meins, votz ditz 
Ministres santz moustrer somons seisent [%] pnent tantost efi 
?re meine setf f res « tens bienz « chateuz santz soefiFrer 
ordenarie executour ou autre administrer de quei sire vd^ ne 
pnez rien ne le heir est le plus deschargie de la dette son 
ancestre t^tq^ gre soit fait a votz Ministres dont ils pk>nt 

C. Soit seisi tantc^ a la montance de la dette et soit le hmr 
descharge de ceo q est leue des bens son anoestre et soit enqnis 
de oeux q ont fait tieles op^saiones auant oes hures % punj 
oome deuant. Et soit defendu qils ne seisont nuUi biens sil ne 
soit dettour le Roi ou qil soit tenutz de rendre acompte an 
Roi et soit destresoe fait tan<^ a la moimtance de la dette % 
nemie outre « de taut oome ?ra leuee des bens Lancestro soit 
le heir descharge. Et des autres bens Lancestre faoeut 
lordinaire « les executours oeo q a eux attient « soit enquis 
de oeux q ont seise en autre maniere % de ceo soient responables 
a la suite le Roy « de ptie. 

C. Ensemet sire comet q votz comandementz veignont souent 
a votz Ministres Dirlande de ouster la meine des fres % tens 
biens % chateux quels ils ont phi % seisis en ^re meine des 
gentz de Vre dite ire Dirlande % a li&er a eux lour Pres % 
tens biens % chateux auantditz ensemblement one les issues 
puis le temps de la prise ent resceuz en qi meins qils soient 
deuenus votz ditz Ministres sire ne ont voluz les issues des 
dites Pres % tens bens ne chateux auantditz solonc la force de 


extent require it. And if they have cut down wood, that the 
King be answered of as much as it was worth. 

XII. Likewise, sire, if any great man or inferior of your The King's 
said lieges die, and he be bound to you more or less, your said goods, &c., of 
officers, without showing summons, seize [and] take at once his J ?j?^" 
lands and tenements, goods and chattels, into your hand, 

without suffering the Ordinary, executor, or other to adminis- 
ter, whereby, sire, you take nothing, nor is the heir the 
better discharged of the debt of his ancestor, until satisfaction 
be made to your officers, of which they pray remedy. 

Let seizure be made up to the amount of the debt, and let Answer. 

the heir be discharged of what is levied of the goods of his Seizure to the 

^ , ^ amount of 

ancestor, and let enquiry be made as to those who have hereto- debt allowed. 

fore caused such oppressions, and let them be punished as 
before. And be it forbidden that they seize the goods of any, 
unless he be a debtor of the King, or that he be bound to 
render account to the King, and let distress be levied up to the 
amount of the debt, and not beyond, and that of so much as 
shall be levied of the goods of the ancestor, the heir be dis- 
charged. And as to the other goods of the ancestor^ let the 
Ordinary and the executors do what to them appertains, and 
let enquiry be made as to those who have' seized in any other 
manner, aod let them be answerable therefor at the suit of 
the King and of the party. 

XIII. Likewise, sire, although your mandates often come Officers not 
to your officers of Ireland, to remove the hand from the lands u^iTI""^ 
and tenements, goods and chattels, which they have taken and &c., seized, 
seized into your hand from the people of your said land of 
Ireland, and to deliver to them their lands and tenements, 

goods and chattels aforesaid, together with the issues received 
thereout since the time of the taking, into whatever hands 
they be come, your said officers, sire, have not been willing to 
deliver up the issues of the said lands and tenements, goods 
and chattels aforesaid, according to the force of your said 


votz susditz mandemeniz delifier, p quoi siie mtt gentz de ^^re 
dite Pre sont g<^ueiiient empofiez « abessez, sur quo! sire to' 
plese ordiner remedie. 

0. Soit enquis sur ceo « ent fet droit des teux Ministres a 
la suite le Boi « de ptie « oeo toutz les foitz q home se sentera 
en tele mafie greue deuant le chef Justice ou son lieu tenant 
de toutz les autres Ministres. 

C. Ensement sire les Eschtours Dirlande font souent seisir 
difises &es en ?re meine plus pur auoir le fee q y atient de 
lascher la meine des dites f res q p cause resonable a g*nde 
op^ssion de ^re poeple % nul pfit a vo^ sire, p quoi vous [pleijse 
sire ordiner q nul Esphetour desore mais ^eigne fee la ou trie 
soit a suite de ptie [la] seisine issint fait p eux nient 

0. Soit defenduz q p la ou ils seisent p noun[iu]8te cause 
qils ^eignent nul fee, % tut soit ceo qils seisent p iuste cause ne 
preignent autre fee q ne font les eschetours en EnglePre. Et 
soit mande en Irlande quele [fee] les eschefs pnont en 

C. Ensement sire ascuns gentz p meins resonable suggestion 
ount say brefs hors de ^re Chanoellerie Dengleii're al lieutenat 
9re Justice Dirlande a faire venir le corps dascunes gentz 
enditez en Irlande a respondre sire deuant vo^ en Englefre 
des felonies % trespasses supposez estre fait eu Irlande, quele 
chose sire est enoontre coe ley % reson pur quoi vo^ plese sire 
ordifi q la ley se face de teux enditez desore mais en Irlande 
come tout temps en cea ad este &dt. 

C. Soit fait sauuez tresons « chose q touche la psone le 

C. Ensement sire moustrent votz ditz lieges q la ou les 
Irreis votz enemis q marchent % ioignent as difises Countez 
se leuent de gene si est suffert q lun Counte ti^ne pees en^ 

■Ou. CloBdBolI. 


mandates, by reaaon of which, sire, many people of your said 
land are grievously impoverished and abased : wherefore, sire, 
may it please you toV)rdain a remedy.. 

Let enquiry be made in this matter, and right done therein Answer, 
of such officers at the suit of the King and of the party, and Such to have 
this every time any shall feel himself aggrieved iu such manner, thenu 
before the Chief Justiciar or his lieutenant, of ail the other 

XIV, likewise, sire, the escheators of Ireland often cause EBcheatora* 

divers lands to be seized into your hand, more to have the fee '®?" ®° unjust 

X '^ seizures. 

that there appertains to removing the hand from the said lands 

than for reasonable cause, to the great oppression of your people, 

and no profit to yourself, iftre ; Wherefore may it please you, 

sire, to ordain that no escheator henceforth take fee, where 

the seizure so made by them unjustly be tried at suit of the 


Be it forbidden that where they seize for unjust cause, they Answer. 

take any feo, and albeit they seize for just cause, that they I^^^J ^ take 

take any other fee than do the escheators in England. And let \^ England. 

that [fee] which the escheators take in England be sent into 


XV. Likewise, sire, certain people by unreasonable sugges- Persons have 
tion, have sued writs out of your Chancery of England, to the EnSwod fcwT 

lieutenant of your Justiciar of Ireland, to cause the bodies of felonies in 

•' Ireland* 

certain people indicted in Ireland to come to answer, sire, 

before you in England, for felonies and trespasses alleged to 

have been committed in Ireland, which thing, sire, is contrary 

to the common law and right ; wherefore, sire, may it please 

you to ordain that the law be executed on those indicted 

henceforth in Ireland as has always been done heretofore. 

Let it be done, saving treasons and anything that touches Answer. 

the King's person. 

XYI. Likewise, sire, your said lieges show that whereas the Partial tnioes 
Irish, your enemies, who border on and join divers counties, **' !*•<*■• 
themselves levy war, it is suffered that one county hold peace 


trewe cue les ditz Irreis enemis tantoome ils guerrent % 
destruent votz li^^es des autres Oountes Teisnables. Et 
ensemeQt sire ascunes dune Conte tenent pees ou trewe one 
les ditz Irreis eDeinis tantoome ils guerrout « destruient lars 
veisins de nieisme le Conte, seur quoi sire vo^ plese ordiner 

G. Soit defendu q nule trewe ne pees se ^eigne si nonn p 
toutz % si nul face al encontre soit tenutz de couigne des 

Ensemet sire la ou les Irreis vos enemys destruient « 
occupent les Pres de votz lieges p gerre tant auant qil bosoigne 
q votz Ministres y uic^ent pur remedie mettre si pnent ils 
trewe ou pees oue les ditz Irreis et les soefirent oocuper les 
dites f res p eux destruitz auxi ben a^s la i»iewe ou pees come 
deuant^ et si nuls de votz ditz lieges as queux oeles Pres son se 
enforcent de oster les ditz Irreys des dites Pros dunint la dite 
trawe ou pees, votz ditz Ministres p celle encheson pnont 
greuousemet defis eux % les font ^ndre « enp^soner « en p^ne 
detenir % mettre a fyn « raunoeon p quele cause sire ils ne ae 
osent mes uiedler do lurs ditos terres issint occupez p force 
repurchascer ct issint sire di&ses Pres de votz lieges en meines 
de votz enemis Irreys toutz iours demoerent sur quoi sire vo' 
plese ordiner remedie. ' 

0. Soit defenduz q desoremes q^nt nulle trewe ou pees serra 
p^ q nule trewe ou pees ne soit mie g*nte as enemys en mafio 
q les Pres le Roi ou dautri demoergent deuens les enemys 
durant la trewe ou pees, einz safforcent les ditz gentz le Roy 
de recofiir ceo qest en tele mafie pdutz santz estre chalange ou 
enpescbee p celle cause. 

C. Ensement sire mouls gentz ont difises seign^ies « Pres en 
^re Pre Dirlande quel ne y menont^ point mesmes ne y mettdt 
ooetages p' lurs dites seign^^ies « Pres meintenir ainz les baillcmt 
ascuns a ferme % ent pnent ceo qils poent auoir « ascuns 

1 queux ny velffneHt, Clote BolL 


or truce with tho snid Iri^ enemies, whilst they war on and 
destroy your lieges of the other neighbouring counties. And 
likewise, sire, some of one coimty hold peace or truce with the 
said Irish enemies, whilst they war on and destroy their 
neighbours of the same county, on which, sire, may it please 
yoTi to ordain remedy. 

XVI. Be it forbidden that any tnioe or peace be made Answer. 
unless by all, and if any do the contrary, let him be held as J^^^!^]^ 
in league with the enemy. 

XVII. Likewise, sii-e, whereas the Irish, your enemies, LandB occu- 

destroy and occupy the lands of your lieges by war, until there f Jjgij enemy 

be need that your officers come thither to make remedy, so ?"^ri°jK truces 
•^ "^ held by them 

they make truce or peace with the said Irish, and suffer them after. 

to occupy the said lands by them destroyed, as well after the 

truce or peace as before ; and if any of your said lieges to whom 

these lands belong, endeavour to oust the said Irish from the 

said lands, during the said truce or peace, your said officers on 

that account act grievously towards them, and cause them to 

be taken and imprisoned, and detained in prison, and put to 

fine and ransom, for which cause, sire, they dare not interfere 

to regain their said lands so occupied by force, and so, sire, 

divers lands of your lieges remain always in the hands of your 

Irish enemies; on which, sire, may it please you to. ordain 


Be it forbidden that henceforth when any truce or peace Answer. 

shall be taken, that any truce or peace be granted to the enemy ^^^ ^^^' 

in a way that the lands of the King or any other remain in 

the hands of the enemy during the truce or peace, but let the 

said people of the King try to recover what is in such manner 

lost, without being on that account challenged or impeached. 

XVIII. Likewise, sire, many people have divers seigniories Proper main- 
and lands in your land of Ireland, which they do not them- i^n^s^ftc 
selves manage, nor do they there expend money for maintaining 

their said seigniories and lands, but they let some to farm, and 
take thereout what they can have, and some remain in the 



demoeront en meineR des fiebles gardeins isBint sire q p 
defaute q horn ne j mette point castages damender « ben 
garder lea dites seign^^ies et Pres meismes celles « autr^s fres 
veisnables p celle cause sont moult destruitz seur quoi sire vo' 
plese remedie ordiner. 

C. Soit vewe lordinance faite auant ces hures en ceo cas % 
si rien y soit damender soit amende « mande en Irlande % 
fournie en toutz pointz. 

C. Ensement sire chescune an veingnont hors de ?re 
Escheqer de Djuelyn deux de votz Min[istres] as votz costages 
pur trier la Terte cire en cheseun Conte % q*nt Pmes sont 
assignez p vos ditz Mini3ti*es as dettours pur paier ceo q poet 
estre leue come est troue p veredite denqn[este] p^ quele 
chose enquerre % la dette atV^miner chescune des dett^s donne 
largement de [sein] as ditz Ministres quele chose faite a 
plutost q votz ditz Ministres veignont a vre [dit] Escheqer ils 
font mander garautz as vescontz a destreindre % leuer lentier 
de chcs[cun] endette nient eiantz regard as Pmee issint g^ntez 
a damage sire de vo' * op|{ssion de [votre] poeple dount sire 
ils p*ont remedie. 

Soit defendu q desoremes nul dette soit atP[minc] hors 
de Lescheqer. Et q le Chanceller ne le Tresorer Dirland ne 
atPmlnent nulle d[ette] q passe CCC. libres santz ]assent de 
le Justice Dirlande ou son lieutenant. Et soit enquis de ceux 
q ont resceux les deniers eu pais % nont pas acq^tez les plies et 
rsoit] fait droit *c. 

C. Ensement est ordinez q nul pie de dette ne de acompte 
ne [autrej coe plee soit plede en Lescheqer forsp^; de ceux q 
demoei-ent ouesq^ Ministres de [mesjme la place. 

C. Ensement sire des vescontz Coroners souzeschet^s 
Baillifs res[ceuours] « autres votz Ministres q sont eslutz 
contre estatut cest assauoir Cink ou Sys front dostreintz de 
venir « faire lur sereraent des queux ceux q ne voillent estre 
a la volente de votz Ministres v^ron ranceonez auant qils 


hands of weak guardians, so, sire, that by default of not spend- 
ing money in improving and keeping well the said seigniories 
and lands, these same and other neighbouring lands for that 
reason are much destroyed ; whereupon, sire, may it please 
you to ordain remedy. 

Ijet the ordinance heretofore made in this case be viewed. Answer, 
and if there be anything therein to amend, let it be amended, Ordinance 
and sent into in Ireland, and performed in all points. performed. 

XIX. Likewise, sire, each year there come from your Ex- Warrwita to 
chequer of Dublin two of your officers, at your costs, to try the terms for 

** Green Wax," in every county, and when terms are assigned ?*7P®"* ^l^ 

by your said officers to debtors to pay what can be levied, as 

is found by verdict of inquest, for making which inquest and 

attermiuing the debt, each of the debtors chives freely of [his 

own] to the said officers, which thing done, immediately that 

your said officers come to your [said] Exchequer, they cause 

warrants to be sent to the sheriffs to distrain and levy the 

entire of everyone indebted, not having regard to the terms so 

granted, to the damage, sire, of yourself, and the oppression 

of [your] people, for which, sire, they pray remedy. 

Be it forbidden that henceforth any debt be attermined out Answer. 

of the Exchequer, and that the Chancellor or Treasurer of Ire- ^^ ^®^^ ^ ^ 

land attermine any [debt that] exceeds 300 pounds, without out of the 

the assent of the Justiciar of Ireland or his lieutenant ; and let *'*^'^®<1"®^' 

enquiry be made of those who have received money in the 

country, and have not acquitted the parties, and let right be 

done, <bc. 

Likewise it is ordained that no plea of debt or of account No common 

nor [other] common pica be pleaded in the Exchequer, save of Ej^chequer 

those who abide with the officers of the same place. 

XX. Likewise, sire, of the sheriffs, coroners^ under-es- Abuses in 
cheaters, bailiffs, receivers and other your officers who are jj^^^®^*^^ J^^ 
elected contrary to the statute, that is to say, five or six be 
compelled to come and make their oath, of whom those who 

wish not to be at the will of your officers, be ransomed before 



possont estre deliurez % oeux (} voillent estre en office ferront 
pur quoi auant qils ?ront iures % ceux q front resceiix en 
telle inafie front remuez santz renable cause ou acompte 
rendre si nul autre vodra plus doner; Jssint sire q les 
successors de tiels vescontz nallowent mie les tallies ne les 
diuidendes lurs predecessours. 

C. Soit enquis de ceux q ont ensi greue le poeple % soient 
duemet puniz auxi bien a la suite de ptie come a la suite le 
Boi. Et lentencion le Roi est q les gentz de chescune Gonte 
elisent chescun an en Lesoheqer deuant le Chanceller Trenorer 
% autrs du consail psone suffissant q soit reseant % eit de quoi 
respondre au Boi en meisme le Conte pur loffice des vescontz 
£t q les vescontz eslutz en tele mafie demoergent en loffice p 
vn an sans estre remuez si noun p cause resonable ; et q^nt ils 
front ensi remuez soit fait nouelle eleccione p gentz des Contez 
en la mafie auantdit. 

C. Et pur ceo q ordeine est de nouelle en EngleVre q ceux 
q sont vescontz soient auxi Eschef^s en mesme les Contez ou 
ils sont vescontz si semble il au Boi q fait affidre en meisme 
la mafie en Irlande depuis q lescheto' illeoqs prent xK libres p 
an pur son fee % fet poi de profist. Mes ceste chose met le Boi 
en descretion del Justice Dirlande ou lieu tenant Chanceller 
Tresorer ^, autres du Consail de faire en mesme la mafle en 
Irlaund sils veient q ceo soit al pfit le Boi tantq^ le Boi soit 
ent meultz auiser. Et voet auxin t le Boi q nul auti'o MinisU^ 
q resceiuera les deniers le Boi % soit acomptable ne soit &it 
ne resceu sil ne soit suffissant de respondre au BoL 

C. Ensement sire coment vescontz ou autre officer q soit 
arestuz sur son acompte en ^re Escheqer « comande a la 
Marchalcie paiera chescune nuyt al MarescLal di Marc pur 
lur^ fee quele. chose sire lur semble g^nde op^ssione. 

1 Son. Clqte Roll, 

ivi. EbwAKi) iii. SS*? 

tbey can be discharged, and those who are willing to be in office 
have to do somewhat before they be sworn, and those who 
be received in such manner be i*emoved without reasonable 
cause, or rendering account, if any other be willing to give more, 
with the result, sire, that the successors of such sherifife do not 
allow the tallies or the indentures of their predecessors. 

Let enquiry be made as to those who have so aggrie\'ed the Answer. 
|)eople, and let them be duly punished, as well at the suit of 
the party, as at the King's suit. And it is the King's intention Sheriffs to b« 
that the people of every county elect each year in the Bzchequer, county each * 
before the Chancellor, Treasurer and others of the Council, a y®^« 
sufficient person who is resident and has wliereof to answer to 
the King in the same county, for the office of sheriff. And that 
the sheriffs elected in such manner remain in office for one 
year, without being removed, unless for reasonable cause, and 
when they shall be so removed, let a new election be made by 
the people of the counties, in manner aforesaid. 

And inasmuch as it has been newly ordained in England Sheriflfs to 
that those who. are sheriffs be also escheators in the same »& in England, 
counties where they are sheriffs, it seems to the King that it 
should be done in the same manner in Ireland, since the es- 
cheator there takes 40 pounds yearly for his fee, and makes little 
profit; but this matter the King places in the d)sci*etion of the 
Justiciar of Ireland or his lieutenant, the Chancellor, Treasurer 
and others of the Council, to do in the same manner in Ireland, 
if they see that this be to the profit of the King, until the 
King be thereof better advised. And the King also wills that 
any other officer who shall receive the King's money and be 
accountable, be not made nor received if he be not sufficient to 
answer to the King. 

XXI. Likewise, sire, a sheriff or other officer who is arrested Fees to 
on his account in your Exchequer and commanded to the ^hSie arreited. 
Marshalsea, has to pay every night to the Marshal half 
a mark for his fee, which thing, sire, seems to them great 


C. Soit fait en ceo cas come est fait en EnglePre id lusage 
de la dite torre Dirland le demande % soit la mafle vewe % 
mandez en Irlande. 

C. EnsemSt sire coment briefs sont mandez souent a prendre 
en vre maine Pres de difises [gentz] pur dette p malice « pur 
pndre auantage as Ministres et ceo encotre cde [ley]. 

0. Soit defenduz q nul Ministt-e le Roy ne face mes en la 
manere. Et soit enq^ de ceux [q ou]nt ensi fait « soient poniz 
solonc lur desert a la sute le Roi % de ptie. 

0. Ensem'ent [sire] coment votz Ministres pnent vittailes % 
cariages en pais p lours garantz santz rienz [paier] sauiie 
relement coment qils purrent ti'ouer assez des vittailles en 
villes Marchez [pur] lurs deniera. Et q^t ils paient p^ lours 
vittailles ceo serra a lur volente santz [rienz] paier pur cariage, 
et ceo auxi bien dez gentz de seinte eglise come dautres. 

Soit defenduz q les Ministres le Hoi ne facent p^ des 
vittailles ne ne ^eignent cariage si nccessite ne la demande 
pur les bosoignes le Roi % adonqs paiont ils pur [les ditz] 
vittailles « cariages couenablemet come est fait en Englef're 
sauue toutz foitz q le Chief Justice ou son lieutenant purra 
^ndre vittailles % cariages pur lurs deniers paier solonc la p*se 
le Roi et les vsages resonablemet auant oes hures illeoqs vsez. 
Et si nul eit fait al encontre soit puniz come deuant 

EnsemSt sire^ votz Ministres font crier real Suice pmi ?re 
dite ^re santz assent des gatz de ?re dite fve % santz necessite 
% mettent les luices q deussent estre faitz p corps en deniers a 
g^de op^ssione de i>oeple. 

C. II est al Justice de faire somondre les luices le Roi 
quele hure qil voie q mesIP soit de cbiuacher de gerre^ q est de 

^ eovietit here in Close Roll 

3 en Urre inserted here in Close Roll. 

XVi. fiDWARD lit. 35d 

Be it done Jn this case as is done in England, if the Answer, 
usage of the said land of It-eland require it, and let the manner EncJu^d ^^ 
be viewed and sent into Ireland. 

XXII. Likewise, sire, writs are often sent to take into your Writs 
hand lands of divers [people] for debt, through malice and to inalice &c. 
take advantage to the officers, and this against the common 


. Be it forbidden that any officer of the King act in this ADswer. 
manner. And let enquiry be made of those who have so done, 
and let them be punished according to their desert at the suit 
of the Ring and of the party. 

XXIII. Likewise, sire, your officers take victuals and King's officers 

tske victuftls 

carriages in the country by their warrants, without [paying] &c., without ' 
anything save by regulation, although they can find enough P*y^"®"*^" 
victuals in the market towns for their money. And when 
they pay for their victuals, this shall be at their will^ without 
paying [anything] for carriage, and this as well of people 
of Holy Church as of others. 

Be it forbidden that the King's officers make prise of victuals Answer. 
or take carriages unless necessity demand it for the King'is needs, unless of"' 
and then that they pay for [the said] victuals and carriages "necessity, 
suitably, as is done in England, save always that the Chief 
J usticiar or his lieutenant shall have power to take victuals 
and carriages for payment of their money, according to the 
King's prisage and the usai^'es reasonably heretofore accustomed ; 
and if any have done to the contrary, let him be punished as 

XXIV. — Likewise, sire, your officers make summons to the Royal service 
royal service throughout your said land, without assent of the foHiTmoney 
people of your said land and without necessity, and they com- 
pound in money for the services which ought to be performed 
in person, to the great oppression of the people. 

It appertains to the Justiciar to make summons to the King's Answer, 
service, whenever he sees that there be necessity to ride to war, to summon ^"^ 
in land which is at war, and w&s at the time that these who owe ^ *^® King's 

360 KaRLV statutes of IttELAKD. 

guerre % feust al temps q ceux q deiuent celles luices furent 
feffez « q les ?uices le Roi se facent en corps oa en deniers 
Bcilonc la tenure de lours feffementz. 

C. Ensemet sire come ylisoient en chesciiu Marche de vre 
dite Pre Dirland assez « plus des Irreis enemjs de gi-eaer vo« 
gentz Engleis q ne sont de poer de les arester sanue la grace 
de dieu q lur meintient sire plus lur greue les extorcions % 
op^ssiones de votz Ministres q ne fait la guerre des ditz Trreys 
Car sire q*nt votz Minihtres soient en Contez a tenir plees ils 
aiHcient ceux q meinent en Mah^he greuousement santz auoir 
regard de lur meschief. 

C. Soient an)ciez resonablemet « afferez solonc la fourme de 
la g*nde chre. 

C. Ensement sire coment Peers de la Pre Ministres % autres 
gentz sont p^s « emp^sonez santz enditeinent % lonra bens « 
chateux seisiz en ^i*e main dont sire rienz ne vient a ?re p6t 
« ne poont pas estre deliurez a^ la ley mais sont detenutz en 
p^sone a la volente de votz ditz Ministres quele chose sire lour 
semble g^nde op|)&sione. 

G. Soit dofendu au Ghanceller qil ne face chose q soit encontre 
sun Sment % qil ne soeffre nul breef passer le seal le Roi ril 
nel poet auower p la ley « qils mandent as toutz Ministres 
qil ne ^eigncnt les corps ne les Pres de nully santz enqueste 
q p'ra estre auowe p ley. 

C. Ensement pur ceo qil est vsee en EnglePre qil y soient 
en chescun port de la dite Pre deux custuiSs vne Oontrerouleur 
% vne tronour % coket de resceuire toutz maneres des Custumes, 
si voet le Roi q horn face en meisme la mafle en Irland % qils 
y soient eslus deuant le Justice on son lieutenant Ghanceller 
Tresorer % auPs de Consail illeoqs, <i q le fee q les Custufis 
soloient ][iudi*e toume deaore au ^6t le Roi. 

'par in Close RoU. 

IVI. EDWARt) Iti. 8^1 

such services were enfeoffed ; and that the King's serviced be ren- 
dered in person or in money, according to the tenure of their 

XXV. — Likewise, sire, although there be in every march of Dwellers in 
your said land of Ireland, enough and more of the Irish ^Qi^yiiy 
enemies to trouble your English people, who have not posver amerced. 
to stop them, save the grace of Qod, which maintains them, 
sire; still more do the extortions and oppressions of your 
officers trouble them than does the war with the said Irish ; for, 
sire, when your officers are in the counties for the purpose of 
holding pleas^ they amerce thase who dwell in the march 
heavily, without having regard to their misfortune. 

Let them be amei*ced reasonably, and assessed according Answer, 
to the form of the great charter. M^^^l 

XXYI. — Likewise, sire, peers of the realm, officers and Imnrisonment 

other people are taken and impiisoned without indictment, and j^^jjic^^ent 

their croods and chattels seized into your hand, of which, sire, »nd seizure of 

nothing comes to your profit, and they cannot be delivered to 

the law, but aro detained in prison at the will of your said 
officers, which thing, sire, seems to them great oppression. 

Be it forbidden to the Chancellor that he do anything that Answer, 
may be contrary to his oath, and that he suffer not any writ ^^h"**^ 
to pass the King's seal, if he cannot avow by the law, and that unless the 
they command all officers that they take not the bodies or the can avow, 
lands of any, without inquest which can l>e avowed by law. 

XXVII. — Likewise, inasmuch as it is used in England, that Customers, 
there be in every port of the said land two oustomei-s, one ^j'^'ewiJ^ 
controller, and one weigher, and cocket to receive all manner 
of customs, the King wills that it be done in the same manner 
in Ireland, and that they be chosen before the Justiciar or his 
lieutenant, the Chancellor, Treasurer, and others of the Council 
there, and that the fee which the customers were wont to take 
be turned henceforth to the King's profit 

862 teARLV STAtUTfeS 0** IBELAIJd. 

C. £nsement voet le Roi q vne clerc des gages de gerre 
soit fait p comissione DenglePre, et qil s'uoje « mette en 
escript le nombre des gentz darmes % dautr^s q reaoeuirent 
gages % des toutz les chiuaux q §ront piises q'^nt le Justice oa 
son lieutenant chiuauchera de gerre « le pris de meismes le3 
chiuaux p vewe de Mareschal del host % ceux q deiuent tenir 
gentz darmes en Sten sur lur fee ne ^eignent rienz par le 
noumbi'e qils deuroient de reson tenir [mais] pur ceux qila 
tendront outre dencresce % ceo q'^nt necessite le demande ^ ne 
[my aujtrenient. Et q nul Ministre ne l^eigne rienz pur sa 
meinee qil tient adesse[ment] si noun son fee aoostume. £t 
q nuls tiels gages solent paiez si noun p meisme [ceste] clerc, 
et qil soit acomptable en lescheqer illeoqs ne q restore des 
chiuaux [se face] sahtz la vewe ^ tesmoignance des auantditz 
clerc ^ Mareschal solonc ceo [qil] est vsee en guerre. 

^ The King to his beloved and faithful archbiBbops, bishope, earls, 
baroni and commonalty of the cities, burghs and towns of his land of 
Ireland, greeting. We have heard the letters which you have sent by our 
beloved and faithful brother John Archer, prior of the Hospital of St. 
John of Jerusalem in Ireland, and Sir Thomas de Wogan, and tlie expla- 
nations, together with the requests which they have made to us on your 
part. Accordingly, we cause you to know that the said prior and Sir 
Thomas have well and discreetly made us acquainted with the state of 
our said land, and much commended your good disposition towards us, 
which we regard with satisfaction, and we are sensible of your very good 
concern therein. And so it is greatly at our heart to make fitting 
ordinances for the good government of the said land, to the honour of 
Qod, and maintenance of the law, and for the profit and ease of ourselves 
and of you. To which end, you will, as far as to you and every of you 
appertains, lend your aid and counsel, according to your judgment and 
power, and always act towards us, in accordance with your duty, and 
thereupon you will find us so gracious towards you, that you yourselves 
shall be reasonably contented. And so we have had ample deliberation 
on your said petitions, and by good advice of the wise men of our council, 
have made suitable answers severally to each of tnem. 
The Durnort Which petitions, together with the said answers, we have caused to be 

of the answers delivered to the said prior, our chancellor, and to the said Sir Thomas, 
to be published sealed under our great seal, to carry back to our said land, to the end that 
and observed 
in Ireland. 

» The text taken from Olose Roll (En?!.) 16 Edward IIL, part 1, »i. SiJ. is 
found in Bymer's Facdera^ vol. II., part 2. p. 1198. 

XVI. edWakD 111. 863 

Likewise, the King wills that a clerk of the war-pay be Clerk of war- 
appointed by commission out of England, and that he survey S^f^t^ . *^ 
and put in writing the number of men at arms and others who ^i» duties, 
shall receive pay, and of all the horses which shall be taken in 
prise, when the Justiciar or his lieutenant shall ride forth to 
war, and the price of the said horses by view of the marshal 
of the host, and that those who ought to keep a fixed number of 
men at arms upon their fee take nothing for the number that 
they ought of right to keep, [but only] for those that they shall 
keep oyer and above, and this when necessity demands, and 
not otherwise. And that no officer take anjrthing for his house- 
hold that he constantly retains, save his accustomed fee. And 
that no such wages be paid except by the said clerk, and that 
he be accountable in the Exchequer there, and that restitution 
of the horses be not made, without the view and witness of the 
aforesaid clerk and marshal, according to what is accustomed 
in war. 

they be there published and obeerved, according to the purport of the 
said answers in all points. 

And whereas we lately thought, with God's help, of going in force to Sd^^expedi- 
Franoe for the recovery of our rights, and arranged to have then a baud tion to France, 
of our good men of Ireland in our company, as in our mandates fiven to 
our officers of those parts, which they can show you., is more fully con* 
tained. So we pray and charge you that, for the effectual and speedy 
accomplishment of our said mandates, you will ho give aid, that we may 
the better feel ypur affJBction, which always displays itself best in need. 

And whereas certain articles weie ordained as a statute^ in our parlia- Repeal of 
ment held at Westminster in the quinzaine of Kaster in the fifteenth v^y^t^ter 
year of our reign, now the said statute, for good and just cause, is duly 15 Ed. UL ' 
and altogether repealed, and accordingly our writs sent throughout our 
realm of England for publishing the same, are repealed. 

Accordingly, we will that none in our said land of Ireland cause the 
said statute to be published or observed, but that it be not observed by 
any one, and be void in all respects. 

Given at Westminster the 14th day of April. 

' See StatuUs of the Rralm, I , p. 29S. There i^ now no trace of any writ or 
ordinance tramimitting this 3tatute for observance in Ii eland. 

d6i EAltLt STATUTES OF tBELAl^fi. 

18 EDWARD III. A.D. 1344 
[Clo6b lloLL, 18 Edward III. abt. 134.] 

Breve pro T3 ^^ Senescallo liBtatia Kyldar saltm Quia Lea Obrynnes 
pi^amacone "^^ ^ Otothils les M'murgheB « )es Onolana hiBnici vna 
faoieuda. cu complicib3 buLb % sequela sua iam de gaerra oont* nos % 
fidelem populu iinn insurrexerunt homicidia de^dacones 
incendia % alia n^a que poFunt indies ppetrando Tibi ^i|>im^ 
qd infra littatem ^dcam dieb3 % locis quib3 melius expedira 
videris publice ex pte nva, pdamari fac no qui cuiuscuq^ status 
aeu condicois fQint sub forisfcura oim que erga nos foris&iSe 
pof'unt aliqua victimlia equos aut armaturas quascumq^ eiadem 
hibnicis dilm sic de guerra existant ministrent mittent aut 
vendant quoquo modo, ac eciam publice infra libtate iUam 
dimiliP pdamari fac qd vna pax « vna guerra p totam Pram 
nram Hibn teneat^. Ita qd si guerra in ^no Com p conuicinos 
Hibnicos moueat' qd omes Com adiaoentes eidem CoiTi sic de 
guerra g^vati succurrant ^ auxilienf ad guerram illam p viribj 
sedand iux'^ forma cuiusdam ordinacois in pliamento nix> nup 
apud Dublin tento de cbi consilio Pre nre ^dce fee. Et si 
quos ix>at pclamaconem huiusmodi rebelles aut cont^riantes 
inuefiis de noibj eoj^ Justic nro Hibn sub aigillo tuo distincte « 
apte constare fac. T. Rado de UfTord Justic nro Hibn apud 
Dublin xviii die Julii. 

Consimilia bria diriguut' senescallis liBtatu Kylkenn « 
Weyseford « vie Catfe. 


18 EDWARD III. A.D. 1344. 

THE King to the seneschal of the liberty of Kildare, Wtitbythe 
greeting. Whereas the O'Bymes, the O'Tooles, making 
the M'Murghes, and the O'Nolans, Irishmen, together P"»^*™*^^o- 
with their accomplices and following, have now risen 
in war against us and our faithful people, in daily 
perpetrating to the utmost of their power, homicides, 
depredations, burnings, and other evils, we command you 
that you cause to be publicly proclaimed on our behalf 
within the liberty aforesaid, on the days and at the places that 
you may think best, that none, of whatsoever state or con- 
dition they be, under pain of forfeiting everything that they 

N^0D6 to 

can forfeit to us, supply, Hend, or in any manner sell to the supply the 

said Iri«ih while so at war, any victuals, horses or arms; and ll^^iJ^^^ 

also cause to be proclaimed publicly within the said liberty that King. 

one peace and one war be observed throughout our entire ^^^^^^ *** 

land of Ireland. So that if war be stirred up in one county throuahout 

by the neighbouring Irish, that all the counties adjacent to the 

said county so burdened with war may aid and help in putting 

an end bo that war with all their power, according to the form 

of a certain ordinance made in our parliament lately held at 

Dublin by the common council of our aforesaid land. And if, 

after such proclamation, you find any rebellious or gainsayers, 

that you cause their names distinctly and openly to appear 

under your seal, to our Justiciar of Ireland. 

Witness Ralph de XJfTord, our justiciar of Ireland, at Dublin 
the 1 8th day of July. 

like writs are directed to the seneschals of the liberties o{ 
Kilkenny, and Wexford, and the sheriff of Carlow. 


23 EDWARD III. A.D. 1349. 

[Liber Albus, Corporation of Dublin, fol. 916.]^ 

Hie incipiunt statuta de seruientibus et operariLs. 

EDWARDUS dei gfa Rex Angt « flfrancie « Diis HiM 
Maiori « baltis Ciuitat sue Dublin sattm. Quia magna 
pars populi « maxinie opario^ % seruientu iam in ista 
pestilencia est defuncta, nonnulli videntes necessitate dnoJ( « 
paucitate luientu seniire nolunt nisi salaria recipiant exoessioa 
« alii mendicare malentes in ocio q*m per laborem qaerere 
victa suu, Nos pensantes g^uia quo ex carencia ^sertim cultoj^ 
<« opario]^ hui^modi ^uenire^ possent incomoda, sup hoc cum 
^latis « nobilib5 « pitis aliis nobis assistentib3, deli&acoem 
habuim^ « f^ctatum, de quo^ vuanimi consensu « cosilio 
duximus ordinand qd quilibet homo % femina regni nri Angt 
cui^cuq^ condicois fuerit liBe vt fuilis potens in corpe t infra 
etate sexaginta anno^ non viueus de ^catura, n* ^tum efcens 
artificiu n* hens de suo ppk) vnde vifle. vt Fram ppHim circa 
culturam cui' se poPit occupar « alFi no Aniens si de luiendo 
D. recusando. ^^ seruico cdgruo considerato statu suo fSit requisitus luire 
de se^viendo. teneat*" illi-qui eu sic dux'it requirend "f^ pcipiat dutaxat, vadia 
lihacoes nicedes seu salaria que in locis vbi seruire debeat 
consueta sunt ^stari anno r n Angt vicesirao vt annis c5ib3 
q»nq^ vt sex ann&f ^ Pcedentib5. Proviso qd dni ^ferant^ aliis 
ill Natiuis vt fram suam Naiiuam ^ tenentib3 in Inico suo 
retinend. Ita tn qd hui^modi dni sic retineant tot quot sibi 
fSint necessarii, % non plures. Kt si talis vir vt mulier sic de 
.^uiendo requisit' fQit vt requisita "^ hoc face nolueriut, hoc 
pbato p duos tideles ])dies coram vie, Baltio, dno, aut 
constabulario ville v» hoc fieri conti^t, statim p eos vt eo^ 
alique capiat*^ % mittaf pxio gaole % ibide sub arta moret' 
custodia quousq^ inueflit seciiritate de ?uiend in for* ^dca. Et 

^ The statute of Jjabourers, enacted in England, 23 Edward III., was 
transmitted to the various sheriffs by writs, which commanded them to 
publish it in the cities, towns, &c., within their bailiwicks. A similar 
course was probably adopted at the time with reference to its observance 
in Ireland, but the only copy known to exist is the above, contained in a 
writ specially addressed to the-mayor, Ac, of Dublin. Clause 14 of the 
ordinances, enacted in a great council held at Kilkenny two years Uter, 
viz , in 1351, (which see) provided that the statute of Labourers should be 
sent by writ to all sheriffs, mayors, && Where the original of above is 
defective, omissions have been supplied from the text printed in SUUuiei 
of the Realm, I., p. 307, taken from Clote Roil (Eng.), 23 Edw. III., pt 
1, m. 8</. 

" provenire in Clote RoU. 

< Omitted in Close Roll. 


23 EDWARD III. A.D. 1349. 

Hbre begin the Statutes concerning Servants and 

Ill DWARD by the grace of God, king of England and 
-^— ^ France and lord of Ireland, to the Mayor and bailiffs 
of his city of Dublin, /ojreeting. Ina.smiich as a great part of 
the people, and especially of labourers and servants, have 
lately died in the present plague, some, seeing the necessity of 
masters and scarcity of servants, are unwilling to serve unless Scarcity of 
they receive excessive wages, and others prefer to beg in laziness ^""^^^ 
rather than obtain their livelihood by labour ; we, considering 
the serious mconveniences which might arise from a lack 
especially of husbandmen and sucii labourers, have hereupon 
had deliberation and treaty with the prelates and nobles and 
other experienced men assisting us, by whose unanimous con- 
sent and advics we have thought fit to ordain, that every man Who shall be 
and woman of our realm of England, of whatsoever condition, g^^" ^hen 
free or servile, being able in body and under the age of required, 
sixty years, not living by trading, or practising a certain cmft, 
or having a livelihood of his own private property, or land of 
his own, in the husbandry of which he can occupy himself, 
and not serving another, if he shall be required to serve in 
suitable service, considering his condition, be bound to 
serve him who shall think fit to require him, and receive 
only the wages, liveries, rewards or salaries which were Rate of wages. 
customary to be offered in the places where he ought to serve, 
in the twentieth year of our reign, of England, or in the five or 
six ordinary years preceding ; provided that the lords be pre- 
feiTed to others in the retention in their service of villeins or 
tenants of their villein land, so nevertheless that such lords 
thus retain as many as they shall need and no more. And if j*^^^^ refua- 
such man or woman be thus required to serve and refuse to do >ng Bervice to 
so, upon proof hereof by two faithful men before the sheriff, 
bailiff, lord or constable of the town where this shall occur, 
that he or she immediately be taken by them or any of them, 
and sent to the nearest gaol, and there remain under close 
guard until he find surety to serve in form aforesaid. 


si aliquis [nieasor falcator aut alius operarliis vel seniiens 
cuiuscunq^ status fSit seu oonditionis]^ in luico alic sic 
retent' aute fine Pinini concordati a dco fuico abaq^ 
causa ronabili vt lioencia reoesserit, [peuam imprisonameiiti 
subpat, et]^ nullus sub [eadem]*^ pena imp*9ona7nti^ talem in 
?uico suo recipe vt retinere ^sumat. Nullus ecia vadia liBacoes 
nioedes seu salam maiora solito sicut pdcm est soluat vt 
soluere ^sumat^ sub pena dupli illius qd sic solnerU vd 
soluere promiserit,^ illi qui ex hoc senserit se g^uatu, et nullo 
tali volete psequi tunc cuicuq^ de ppio qui hoc psecut^ f8it 
applicand « fiat hui^modi psecuco in Cur dni loci quo talis 
[casus]^ accident. Et si dni vjllt^ vt Mafiic^ cont^ ^sente^ 
ordinacoem iiram p se vt p ministros suos [in aliquo venire 
^sumpserint, tunc in Com Wapentacti % Trithingis, vel aliis 
Cur oris huiusmodi ad pena tripti p eos vel ministros suoep 
sic soluti vt pmissi in forma ^dca, fiat psecuco cont^ eos. Et si 
forsan aliqnis ante ^sentem ordinacoem cQ aliquo de luiendo 
p maiori salario connef^it, ipe rone dee conuencois ad soluendu 
ulf^ id qd alias tali consuetu est sol&e, minime teneat^ immo 
soifie plus sub pena ^dca nO ^sumat. 

Item qd sellai^, pelliparii, allutarii, sutores, Cissores, ffabri, 
carpentar, cementarii, Tegular, batollai^, cartar « quicumq^ 
alii artifices « operarii nd capiant p labore % artifico suo ultra 
id qd dco anno vicesimo « aliis cdmunib3 annis ^cedetibj vt 
l^mittit*^ in locis quib3 eos operari conti^it talib3 Bolui cosueuit 
Et si quis plus recepit, pxio gaolo modo quo ^mittitur 

Itm qd carnifices^ piscenar, hostellar, Braciatores, pistores 
« puUetarii « omes alii venditorcs victualiu quo^cuque teneant' 
hui'modi victualia vendere p ^cio i-acionabili, habita 

' These words are added in a 19th century hand. They occur in the 
Close Roll. 

* Added from Chse Roll 
« Omitted in Cl(m Roll. 

* promittat in CUne Roll. 

^ " solutum promiasum fuerit,aut exactum yel receptum" in Close Roll, 


And if any [reaper, mower or other labourer or servant, of Labourers 
whatsoever state or condition he be], thus retained in the frt^gervice 
service of anyone, before the end of the term agreed *».^ »^- 
iipon, leave the said service without reasonable cause or 
licence, [that he undergo the penalty of imprisonment, and] that 
no one, under [the saidj penalty of imprisonment, presume 
to receive or retain such an one in his service. 

Further, that none pay or promise to pay greater wages, The old wages, 

liveries, rewards or salaries than are customary, as is afore- shall be given 

said, under penalty of twice the amount that he shall so pay *® servants. 

or promise to pay, to be applied to him who shall hereby feel 

himself aggrieved, and if no such person is willing to prosecute, 

then to anyone of the people who shall prosecute this [offence] ; 

and that such suit be made in the court of the lord of the 

place in which such event occurs. And if the lords of the towns Lords of 

or manors [presume in any point to contravene] our present manors offend- 

ordinance by themselves or by their servants, then that suit JP^/^'i' ^, 
^ ^ ^ * forfeit treble 

be made against them [in the counties, wapentakes and value, 
trithings or such other our courts, for the penalty of treble 
what was] so paid or promised [by them or their servants] in 
form aforesaid. And if it happen that anyone, before the present 
ordinance, has agreed with any to serve for a higher salary, 
that he be not bound, by reason of the said agreement, to pay 
anything beyond what it is customary to pay otherwise to such, 
but that he presume not to pay more, under the penalty 

Also that saddlers, skinners, curriers, cordwainei*s, tailors. Wages of 
smiths, carpenters, masons, tilers, boatmen, carters and all artificers, 
other craftsmen and workmen take not for their labour 
and craft beyond what was accustomed to be paid to such in 
the said twentieth year and other preceding ordinary years, as 
aforesaid, in the places in which they shall happen to work, 
and if any take more, that he be committed to the nearest gaol 
in the manner aforesaid. 

Also that butchers, fishmongers, innkeepers, brewers, bakers, Victuals^hall 
and poulterers and all other sellers of victuals whatsoever reasonable 
be bound to sell su.;h victuals at a reasonable price, considera- prioes. 

2 B 


consideracoe ad ^ciu quo hui'iiiddi victualia in locis ppinqois 
vendunt^ Ita qd tieant hui^modi venditores moderatu lucru 
no exoessiuu, put distancia locoj^ a quib3 victualia huiusmodi 
cariantur duiPit ronabiliP requirend. Et si quis victualia 
hui^niodi alio modo vendiderit « inde in forma ^dca couictos 
f8it, soluat duplum illius qd sic cepit dampnificato, vt in 
defectum illi' alB qui psequi volfiit in hac pte. Dantes voB 
tenore ^senciu potestate ad Inquirend infra villam |{dcam de 
omib3 « singulis qui cont* hoc in aliquo deliquerint^ « ad 
penam j^dcam ad op^ illo]^ ad quo^ sectam hui^modi delinquentes 
conuicti ffiint leuand. Et in casu quo vos execucoem 
^misso^ fa^B neclexeritis « de hoc coram Justic p nos 
assignand conuicti fueritis^ tuc vos ad t^plU rei sic vendite 
hui^modi dampnificatis, vt alPi in defectu illc^ psequen^ 
Boluend p eosdem Ju&tic compellemini % nichilomin^ [^sus 
nos]^ g^vit' puniemini. 

Et q^ multi validi mendicantes q'^mdiu possint ex roendicatis 
elemosinis vifle, laborare renuut vacando ociis ^ p^catis % 
q<^ndoque latrociniis « aliis flagitiis, nullus sub pena inp^namti 
^dca talib3 qui comode laborai*e potint, sub colore pietatis 
vt elemosine quicq<^m dare seu eos in sua de^idia confouere 
fJsumat vt sic copBllant"^ p vite necessar laborare. Vobis 
mandam' firmiF [in]iungente8 qd ^missa omia « singula infra 
Ciuitate ^dcam pupplice pclamar ^ tefii, execucoemq^ inde 
debitam fieii faciat sicut ^dcm est. Et hoc sicut nos « c5em 
vtilitatem Pre nre Hibn diligitis, % vos ipos indSpnos saluare 
volueritis nuUaten'^ omittatis. T. Wilhno^ de Rirmyngh*m, 
Justic iiro Hibn apud Cath xxvj die Aug anno r n Angl 
vicesimo Fcio r v'o iire ifranc decimo. 

p bre de Angt. 

* So in MS. for proaequenti^ 
« Added from Cloae Roll. 
P BecU Wftltero. 


tion being had to the price at which such victuals are sold in 

neighbouring places. Provided tha<; such sellers have a 

moderate profit, not excessive, according as the distance of 

the places from which such victuals are conveyed, make it 

reasonable to demanrl. And if anyone sell such victuals in 

other manner and thereof be convicted in form aforesaid, that 

he pay double the amount that he shall have so I'eceived to 

the injured party, or in default of him to the other who 

will prosecute in this behalf. Giving to you, by the tenor Power to 

of these presents, power to enquii-e within the said town ^J^^ffg*^ 

concerning all and singular who offend in anything against enquire as to 

this, and to levy the said penalty for the behoof of those 

at whose suit such offenders shall be convicted. And in case Penalty 

you neglect to make execution of the premises, and be convicted foil^^gji. **" 

hereof before Justices to be appointed by us, then that you be gene*. 

compelled by the said Justices to pay to such injured parties or 

to the other who prosecutes in their default, treble the value 

of the thing so sold, and nevertheless be severely punished 

[toward us.] 

And inasmuch as many sturdy beggars, so long as they can No one to give 

live on alms which they beg, refuse to work in order to have ^ • beggar 

•^ ° ^ able to labour, 

opportunity for laziness and wrong-doing, and sometim3S for 

robberies and other crimes, that no one under the said penalty 

of imprisonment presume, under pretext of piety or alms, to 

give anything to such as can conveniently work, or to foster 

them in their sloth, that so they may be compelled to work for 

the necessaries of life. 

We command, firmly enjoining you, that you cause all and 

singular the premises to be publicly proclaimed and kept 

within the said city, and due execution done thereof, as is 

afoi-esaid. And that this, as you love us and the general profit of 

our land of Ireland, and wish to preserve yourselves unharmed, 

you in no wise omit. Witness Walter de Birmyngham, 

our Justiciar of Ireland, at Car low the 26 th day of August in 

the twenty-third year of our reign of England, and of France 

the tenth. 

By writ out of England. 



24 EDWARD III. A.D. 1349-50. 

[Rbd Book of the Exchequer in Ireland, fol 2.] 

ITM eisdem anno * rotulo^ (i.e, in rotut Memorand Sc^sii v^ 
rotulo, anno r r E. Pcii xxiiii) constat p tras patent de 
Angt qd scdm statut editu in Angt Magnates in Angt tientes 
fras in hibii tleant ibm hoies ad arma « si non heant tunc 
post certificacoem dcis Magnat factam Jnstic hiBn Cane % Thes 
de exit fre^ ^dca^ ad ipas defendend ordinent voluntate soa 
«c. Cest estat* appit a secundo folio inferi^^ mez [autrement] 
est ore use p lestatut Ric ij* ^ Angt.' 

^ This membrane of the Memoranda Roll of the Exchequer 24 Ed. III., 
which, from a small portion still remaining, would appear to have 
contained enrolments of writs out of England of that year, was cut 
away. From the statement as to the statute being found recited in 
it, it must have been regularly transmitted for obs^vance in Ireland 
(i,e.) for the carrying out of certain of its provisions applicable in this 
country. In the absence of aay transcript, it has been thought best to 
print here the memorandum from the Red Book, and an extract in which 
certain of its provisions are recited, taken from a writ addressed to 
the Archbishop of Armagh, dated. 18 Feb., in reference to its execution 
in this country. 

It may be observed that in RottUi Parliamentorum, among the businesses 
touching the land of Ireland transacted in a Parliament of Westminster 
held at Mich., 5 Ed. III. (1331) writs were directed to be sent to all the 
sheriffs of England, commanding them to proclaim that all who had 
lands in Ireland should cause them to be guarded, ftc. Possibly this 
enactment is the one referred to in the proceedings of 24 Ed. III., at 
which period its provisions may have been morQ vigorously put in 

* Not now in the Red Book, 

• See 3 Ric. II. 

t%tr. EDWARi) nl. 3^3 

24 EDWARD II L A.D. 1349-50. 

ALSO in the same year and roll [Memoranda Boll of the 
Exchequer, 24 Edward III., r. 5] it appears by letters 
patent out of England that, according to a statute enacted in 
England, magnates in England having lands in Ireland should Magnates in 
have there men at arms, and if they have not, then after noti- ij^f^^g j^q^i, 

fication made to i^e said magnates, the Justiciar, chancellor in Ireland, 

to have there 
and treasurer of Ireland, out of the issues of the said land^, men at anus. 

should arrange for the defence of the same, at their pleasure, 

dec. This statute ax>pears second leaf below, but the practice 

is now different, under a statute of Richard II., King of 


Rymei-'s Foedera, Vol. III., pt 1, p. 192.1 

. . . From the grievous complaint of our faithful subjects 
of Ireland in our general parliament lately assembled at 

Westminster . , 

with the consent of the whole parliament, we have thought fit 

to ordain that nobles and others whosoever, having lordships Imuob of lands 

and lands there, should by themselves or by others vigorously defending 

defend the same, with the issues thereof, against such warlike ^^°^ 

attacks ; otherwise we should cause such issues and profits of 

their lands to be collected and applied for the defence thereof 

by others. 

1 Text taken from Rot. Rom. 2i Ed. HI. m. 1. 


25 EDWARD in. A.D. 1351. 

[Memoranda Roll of the Exchequer in Ireland. 

25 AND 26 Edward III., wi. 13 /.] 

DSS Rex mandauit quoddam bre suu Thes Baronib3 « 
Camerar suis de BC*cio Dublin in hec fba. Edward us 
dei gra Rex Angt % ffranc * Dns Hibn Thes Baron ^ Oafiar 
suis de sc^cio Dublin, sattni. Quasda ordinacoes^ in magno 
consilio nro apud Kilkenii die lune px ante festu oim sco^ px 
^Pito tento, de assensu Prelate^ quaten^ de iui'e biis consentir 
pofunt Coniitu Baron « Coitatum Pre nre HiBn ibidem 
existenciu f> meliori regimine eiusdem Pre « quiete populi nri 
ibidem, ac refrenacoe « punicoe malefco^ noie iiro fcas voh 
mittim^ insertas in quodam rotulo sub pede sigilli nri 
Mandantes qd statim visis ^8entib3 dcas ordinacoes in scH;io 
^dco publice legi « eas quanta ad vos ptinet obseruari « 
teneri fac. T.' Thoma de Rokeby Justic iiro HiBn apud Kilkenn 
X die Noverabr' anno r n Angt vicesimo quinto f^ vero n ffianc 
duodecimo. Quequidem ordinacoes irrotulant' hie in forma que 
sequit' Nr'e seign^ le Roi DenglePre % de ffrance % seign'' 
Dirlande % son conseil de mesme sa Pre Dirlande desirantz la 
mayntenance de lestat de seint eglise « le bon go&nement de 
son ]K)eple Dirlande « la sauue garde de sa pees « la 
mayntenance de les bones leyes illoqes % la chastiement % 
punissement auxint de malfesours « autrs malueys gentz % 
amendement de tortz <^ greuances faites a mesme son poeple 
sur les greuouses pleyntes des c5es de sa dite Pre appelletz a 
son g^t conseil tenuz a Dyuelyn le Lundy pchein deuant la 
feste de seint Luc le Ewangelist, et auxint a vn autre son 

^ Of the 25 clauses of which these ordiDances consist, nineteen are 
found in almost the same words in the Statute of Kilkenny, 40 Edw. HI., 
(1366). See|x>«C. In the following table, the first column shows the 
clauses In the ordinances, and the second the corresponding chapters in 
the Statute :^ 





































iiV. EDWARfc Hi. 3tS 

25 EDWARD III. A.D. 1351. 

THE lord the King sent his writ to his Treasurer, 
Barons and Chamberlains of the Exchequer in Dublin 
in these words ; Edward by the grace of God, king of England 
and France, and lord of Ireland, to his Treasurer, Barons and 
Chamberlains of the Exchequer of Dublin, greeting. Certain 
ordinances made in our name in our great council held at 
Kilkenny on Monday next before the feast of All Saints 
last past, with the assent of the Prelates (as far as of 
right they can consent to them), of the Earls, Barons 
and commonalty of our land of Ireland there being, for 
the better regulation of that land and peace of our people 
there, and the curbing and punishing of malefactors, We send 
you, inserted in a certain roll under foot of our seal, command- 
ing that immediately on sight of these presents, the said 
ordinances in the said Exchequer you cause to be 
publicly read, and these as far as pertain to you, to be observed 
and held. Witness Thomas de Rokeby, our Justiciar of 
Ireland at Kilkenny the tenth day of November in the twenty- 
fifth year of our reign of England, and of France the twelfth. 
Which oi'dinances are eni-oUed here in form following: — Our 
lord the King of England and of France and lord of Ireland, 
and his council of his said land of Ireland, desiring the main- 
tenance of the estate of Holy Church and the good government 
of his people of Ireland, and the preservation of his peace, 
and the maintenance of good laws there, and also the chastise- 
ment and punishmeut of malefactors and other evil people, and 
the amendment of wrongs and grievances committed against 
his said people, upon the grievous complaints of the commons 
of his said land, summoned to his great council held at 
Dublin the Monday next before the feast of St. Luke the 


g*nt conseil tenus a Kilkenn le Lundyn pchein deuant la 
feste de toutz seyntz Ian du regne mesme nre aeign'' le Hoi 
vintisme quint, si sont ordoinez ^ establiez p le dit conseil nre 
seign^ le Roi a Kiikenii en noun meisme ore aeign^ le Koi 
del assent des Prelatz de ceo q ptient a eux de assentir 
Countes Barones « autres c5es de meisme la Pre illoqes 
esteantz al honur de dieu « de seint Eglise % p' le bon 
gofinement de sa dite Vre Dirlande % quiete de son poeple % jf 
les leyes meoltz garder « les mesfesours chastier come desus est 
dit les choses « articles sutz esc'ptz a tenir « garder ple)me- 
menc sur les peynes oontenuz en ycelles. 

Frimerenient qc seinte eglise soit franche ^ eyt totes ses 
franchises santz enblemissement % q totes les articles contenuz 
en la g^nt cbartre le Roi soient en tous poyntz tonus fermes « 
estables. Itm iire seign' le Roi defent sur forfeture de vie % de 
membre q nul de quel estat ou condicion qil soit ne teigne 
kernys hobellours ne vdiues gentz en \^re de pees a greuer le loial 
poeple lire seigu'' le Roi mes qi les voille tenir les teigne en la 
marche a ses coustages ppres saunz rien ^ndre de nuly 
encountre sa volente et si aueigne q nul home de kerne ou 
nul autre ^igne nul mafic des vittailes ou autrs biens de nuly 
encountre sa volente, soit hu % crie leue a^ lui * soit p's * 
mande a la gaole sil se voille i^ndre, et si noun mes (aire 
resistence a force isint qil ne voille lattachement suffrir, soit 
fait de lui come de Robiour apert « tiele mafie p^se soit tenu 
p' roberie. Et en cas q tiels mesfessours defuent latt^ichement 
q nul home les purra ^ndre adonqe respoigne son seign' ou le 
menour p^ lui % face gre a la ptie qest issint endamage, et sil 
ne face gre a la ptie, eyt le Roi la sute defis lui si bien p** lui 
meisraes come p' la ptie ^^ ceaux q ne leiient a celes hu « crie 

ilV. EDWARD lit. Zil 

Evangelist, and also to another his great council held at Kil- 
kenny the Monday next before the feast of All Saintn, in the 
twenty-fifth year of the reign of our said lord the King, there 
were ordained and established by the said council of our lord 
the King at Kilkenny, in the name of our said lord the King, 
wkh the assent of the Prelates (as far as it pertains to them to 
assent). Earls, Barons, and others the commonalty of the said 
land there being ; for the honour of God and of Holy Church, 
and for the good government of his said land of Ireland, and 
peace of his people, and for the better keeping the laws and 
chastising cvil-doei'S, as is afor&said, the things and articles 
under-written to hold and guard tho same, fully, upon the 
penalties specially in them contained. 

Firstly, that Holy Church be free and have all her franchises I. 

without infringement, and that all the articles contained in the ^^^Y Church 

free, great 
great charter of the King be in all paints held firm and charter con- 
established. ^"^^^ 
Also our lord the King forbids on pain of forfeiture of life jj 
and limb, that any person, of whatsoever estate or condition he No one to 
be, keep kernes hobelers or idlemen in land of peace, to harass &c. save at' 
the loyal people of our lord the King, but that whoever wishes his own 
to have them, keep them in the march at his own costs, 
without taking any thing of any person against his will, and 
if it happen that any man of the kernes or any other 
take any manner of victuals or other goods of anyone against 
his will, that hue and cry be raised against him, and that Hue and cry 
he be taken and committed to gaol if he will surrender Jf^w 

himself, and if not, but he forcibly resist so that he will not victuals 

suffer attachment, that then he be treated as an open owner's will. 

robber, and such manner of seizure [of victuals] be held 
as robbery. And in case that such malefactors fly from attach- 
ment so that no man can take them, then that his lord or the 
leader answer for him and make satisfaction to the party 
who is so endamaged ; and if he make not satisfaction to the 
party, that the King have the suit against him, as well on his 
o^ni behalf as for the party ; and that those who do not rise at 


soient ten as * puny come majntenours des felouns, et si mil 
home tiegne ou mcyne Kemys hobellours ou vdyues gentz 
antrement q desus est dit, eyt iuggement de vie « de membre 
« soient ses Pres * tenementz forfetz. Itm soit vne ciie fait 
q tou« yceux q sount ore vdyues gentz % voillent ^ndre Pres 
dii Roi veignent a la Justice Dirlande ou a Tresorer le Rdi % 
^ignent Pres du Boi a ferme et sils voillent p^ndre des autrs 
seign's veignent a eux ou a lour seneschales en mesme la mafie. 
Itm q nules marchisez ne antres tiegnent plement ne dailiance 
oue nul Irryes ne Engleys q soit encountre la pees santz conge 
de la Court on en ^sence de visconte iire seign*^ le Roi ou des 
gardeyus de la \\eeH si qils puissent veer qe tiele plement ou 
daliance soit p*" comun pfit * nemy p*" singuler et qiUe foce eyt 
lenp^sonnement « soit reynt a la volente le Roi. Itm acorde 
est q chescun cheueteyn de lynage en chescun Counte soit 
charge « lye a iire seign' le Roi q si ascun de son lynage de sa 
aherdance ou de sa retenance quel il p'^ra chastier ascun trespas 
ou felonie face, q le dit cheueteyn eyt power de ^ndre les 
mesfesours % les detenir en prisonne tanqe ils soient delifis p 
la ley, et si les dites cheueteyns les dites mesfesours ne voillent 
^ndre mes les soeffrent aler alai^ q adonqe les corps des 
dites cheueteyns soient p^ p*^ eux « detenuz en p'sone tanqe 
le corps des dites mesfesours soient renduz a la Court iire 
seign** le Roi de estre iustisables. Itm q vn pees « vn guerre 
soit p tut la Pre issint q si nul Irreys ou Engleys soit de gerre 
en nul Countee q les Countez envyroun les facent greuer « 
gerrer en lour marches mcyntenant g*nt ils front gamyz par 
les gardeyns de la pees du dit Countee ou p visconte ou la 
gerre sourdy, et sils ne facent soient tonus % punyz come 
mayntenours des felouns. Et si ceux du Countee ou la gerre 
sourdy soebrent lour marches estre destrus par les enemyz % 

XlV. fcDWAftD lit. 370 

snch hue and cry, be held and punished as maintainers of 
felons, and if any man keep or maintain kernes, hobelers or 
idlemen otherwise than is aforesaid, that he have judgment of 
life and of limb, and his lands and tenements be forfeited. 

Also that proclamation bn made that all those who are now m. 

idlemen and are willing to take lands of the King come to the Idlemen to 
Justiciar of Ireland, or to the King s treasurer, and take lands to farm, 
of the King to farm, and if they should desire to take them 
from other lords, that they come to them or to their seneschals 
in the same manner. 

Also that no marchers or othei*? hold parley or intercourse IV. 

with anv Irish or English who may be against the peace, As to parley, 

*^ o X ^^^ between 

without leave of the court, or in presence of the sheriff of our marehera and 

lord the King, or of the wardens of the peace, so that these may enemy. 

be able to see that such parley or intercourse be for common and 

not for individual profit, and that whoever does so, suffer 

imprisonment and be fined at the will of the King. 

Also it is agreed that every chieftain of lineage in e\ery V. 

county be charged and bound to our lord the King, that Chieftains to 

punish their 
if any of his lineage, of his adherents or of his retainers own retainers, 

whom he can chastise, commit any trespass or felony, that the * 

said dhieftain have power to take the malefactors and to 

detain theui in prison until they be delivered by the law, and 

if the said chieftains will not take the said malefactors but 

suffer them to go at large, that then the bodies of the said 

chieftains be taken for them and detained in prison, until Penalty. 

the bodies of the said malefactors be delivered up to the court 

of our lord the King to be amenable to justice. 

Also that one peace and one war be throughout the VI. 

land, so that if any Irish or English be at war in any One peace and 

OT16 Wftf* 

county, that the counties around harass them and make throughout 
war in their marches, as soon as they shall be warned i''®^**^^- 
by the wardens of the peace of the said county or by the 
sheriff where the war arises, and if they do not, that they be 
held and punished as maintainers of felons. And if those of the 
county where the war arises suffer their marches to be de- 


ne voillent leuer de arester la malice des enemyz a^s qils 
soient resonablement gamyz par les gardeyns de la pees on 
par visconte ou crie leue en pays du dit Countec q adonqes ils 
soioDt tenuM come maynteiiours des felouns et q les dites 
enemyz ne oyent de eux force eyde vifies vitailles armurcs 
ne autre riens q vailler lour p'ra tunqe come ils soient a la 
gerre. Et si nul home les eyde des choses susdites tancome 
ils soient a la gerre « de ceo soit atteynt, soit tenu « puny 
come traitour. Pur ceo q diSses gentz fount diSses roBies 
% felonies en franchise % se fuent od lour biens en gyldable 
issint q les Ministres des franchises ne poent illoqes faire lour 
office ne les felouns ne lour biens ^ndra mes sount illoqes od 
lour biens recettez. Et auxin t di&ses gentz q font difises 
roBies « felonies en gyldable fuent od lour biens en la 
franchise issint q le Ministres nre seign^ le Roi ne poent 
illoqes lour office faire, ne les felouns ne lour biens ^ndre mes 
sount illoqes oue lour biens recettez. Acorde est « assentuz 
q si nul Ministre de la franchise face p^suyt sur nul tiel feloun 
en le gyldable q ceux de gyldable soient on eyde p^ tiel mafie 
feloun ^ndre % lui deli&er a dit Ministr ensemblementz oue 
led biens od lui trouez, et facent de ceo la li8e auxi bien de 
corps come des chateux a dit Ministr de faire ceo q a la ley 
appent et q ceux de la franchise facent en mesme la ma3e a 
visconte ure seign** le Roi ou a ses Ministres ^ font la sate s' 
tiels felons q fount felonies « fuent od lour biens en franchise. 
Et si nul fait felonie en vn Countee ^ defu en autre Countee 
Ou en franchise « illoqes demoert q le visconte de eel Countee 
ou la felonie se fyt eyt power a maunder p ses fjceptes as 
visoontz ou seneschales de les pties ou le dit feloun demoert 
auxi biens dedeyns franchises come dehors a ^ndre le corps le 
dit feloun % del remaunder et q les dites viscountes « 
seneschales soient obesantz chescun en tiel cas a Autry 


strojed by the enemies, aud will not rise to check the malice 
of the enemies aftei* thej are reasonably warned by the 
wardens of the i>eace or by the sheriff, or cry has been 
raised throughout the said county, that then they be held 
as maintainors of felons^ and that the said enemies shall not 
have of them force, aid, provisions, victuals, arms or any 
other things which may avail them while they be at war. And 
if any man assist them with the aforesaid things while they 
be at war and be thereof attainted, that ho be deemed and 
punished as a traitor. 

Because that divers people commit divers robberies and vil. 

felonies in franchibes, and flee with their goods to geldable land, p®<^" ^^ 

so that the officers of the franchises cannot there execute their may pursue 

office nor take the felons or their goods, but they are there geldable land, 

received with their (roods. And also divers people that commit *°^ sheriffs 
o '^ ^ may pursue 

divers robberies and felonies in geldable land fly with their into 

goods into a franchise, so that the officers of our lord the King ^^^^ "**'* 
cannot there execute their office nor take the felons nor their 
goods, but they are there received with their goodn. It is agreed 
and assented that if any officer of the franchise make pursuit of 
any such felon into geldable land, that those of the geldable 
land assist to take such manner of felon, and to deliver 
him to the said officer, together with the goods found with him, 
and thereupon make delivery, as well of the body as of 
the chattels to the said officer, to execute that which to the 
law pertains; and that those of the franchise act in the 
same manner to the sheriff of our lord the King or to his 
officers, who make pursuit of such felons as commit 
felonies and fly with their goods into a franchise. And if any 
commit a felony in one county and fly into another county, or officers of one 
into a franchise, and there dwell, that the sheriff of that county J?""^^ /° **^ 
where the felony is committed have power of command- another in 
ing by his precepts the sheriffs or seneschals of the parts ^ *°* * 
where the said felon dwells, as well within franchises as with- 
out, to take the body of the said felon and to send it back, and 
that the said sheriffs and seneschals be obedient, every of 


maundement et ui nul8 de Gyldable ou de fraunchiae leuent 
en eyde de tiels mesfesours issint q les Ministres ne puisaent 
lour office faire de eux qils acdent tenus si noters felouns come 
ceux q font les robiea <^ punyz en mesme la fourme. £t si les 
Ministres anaunditz soient remis en les execucions des 
maundementz susdites fair « de ceo soient atteyntz soient 
aiugg a la p^sone <f reyntz a la volunte le Roi. Et nest pas 
lentencion le Roi ne du conseil q p tiel entree en la franchise 
ou maundement a seneschal q la franchise soit emblemy. 
Far ceo q difises gentz enfeffent lour enfantz ou autr^s 
estraunges de lour Fres « donent lour biens « cbateux p fraud 
ou collusion de forbarrer nre seign^ le Roi de sa dette % pties 
auxint de accion % recoHyr, Acorde.est « assentuz q tiel 
feffemenc « alienacion soient tenus p^ nules et q le Roi « pties 
eyent execucion * recofiyr de ses fres biens * chateux auxi 
bien come des tres le dit alienour ppres^ et si cas aueigne q si 
ascun hdme soit en p^pos de leuer de gerre encontre le Roi 
ou de ascune felonie fair, et p cele cause enfeffe ascun h5me de 
ces Pres p' faire tiels felonies * tresoDS a^h le feffement q si 
a^s il soit atteynt de les traisons ou felonies susdites q celes 
Pres susdites en qi mayns qils deuendrent soient forfaitz 
nyent contreesteant le feflfement come sils fuissent en sa 
mayn demeyne iour de la felonie. Et eyt cesk ordeinance lieu 
auxi bien a les fetifementz p cele cause auant ces houres faites 
come en temps auenir a faii*e. Inn en chescun Countee soient 
ordeinez quatro de moetz vauetz du Countee p^ estre gardeyns 
de la pees les queux eynt pleyn power de assere gentz chiuaux 
as armes hobellours « gentz a pee chescun soloui la value « 
quantite de ces Prcs biens % chateux issint qUs soient prestes 
qiiele iour q maister ensra p' arester la malice des ennemyz 
solome ces qils front assis p les gardeyns susdites, et q les dites 


tbem, in such case to the mandate of the other ; and if any 

persons of geldable or of franchise land rise in aid of such 

malefactors, so that the officers cannot execut'O their office on 

thero, that they be held as notorious felons as those who 

commit the robberies, and be punished in the same form. And Penalty on 

if the aforesaid officers be remiss in the execution of the said oftfeera" 

mandates and be thereof attainted, that they be adjudged to 

prison and fined at the will of the King. And it is not the 

intention of the King or the council that by such entry into a 

franchise or mandate to the seneschal, the franchise be 


Forasmuch as divers people enfeofif their children or y.*^ 

other strangers, of their lands, and give their goods and chattels fraudulent 

by fraud or collusion, in order to bar our lord the Kinsr of his feoffment* 

. . void. 

debt, and parties also of action and recovery, It is agreed and 

assented that such feofiTment and alienation be held as 

Toid, and that the King and the parties have execution 

and recovery of their lands, goods and chattels, as well as of 

the proper lands of the said alienor ; and if the case happen 

that any man be of purpose to levy war against the King or 

to commit any felony, and for that reason enfeoff any man of Forfeiture x>t 

his lands, in order to commit such felonies and treasons after la^^ds con- 
veyed with a 
the feoffment, that if afterwards he be attainted of the afore- view to war 

said treasons or felonies, that those aforesaid lands, into whose ^^ ^ ^^' 

hands soever they come, be forfeited, notwithstanding the 

feoffment, as if they were in his possession the very day of the 

felony. And that this ordinance have place as well in respect 

of feoffments on this account heretofore made as those to be 

made in time to come. 

Also that in every county there be appointed four ^f jj 

the most worthy men of the county to be wardens of the Wardens of 

peace, who shall have full power to assess horsemen at arms, "^^ P**^® i» 

hobclers and footmen, each according to the value and quantity Their duties. 

of his lands, goods and chattels, so that they be ready at 

whatever time there may be occasion, for the purpose of 

checking the malice of the enemies, according to what they shall 


gardeyas a|)s la array fait en la manere susdite, facent veu des* 
dites gentz des armes hobellours « gentz a pee de inoyii% en 
moyns en 8t/ejn lieu de Countee ou ils veoiint q moetz soil a 
faire en ayse du poeple ot si les dites gardeyns treouissent nul 
rebelt q ne veot a lour matmdementz obeyr, eyent power de 
les attacher * maunder a fwhein gaole illoqes a demorer tanqe 
la leye de lui soLt fait. Et si les gardeyns de la pees soient 
remisses ou necligentz en lour office faire « de ceo soient 
atteyntz q adonqe ils ?ront pris * enp^sonez * reyutz a 
la volunte le Roi. Et si nul issint elieu gardeyn refuse de 
receyuer la cOmission le Roi soit p^s % enp^sone « ses Pres seisiz 
en la mayn le Roi « issint demoerge tanqe la Court le Roi en 
eyt autrement ordeine, et soient les dites gardeyns Imentez de 
loialment user lour office en la manere susdit. 

Itm ordeine est q tes Marchales del un Baunk « del autre v 
dedeyns franchises no ^ignent desormes p' lour fee plus qils 
l^ignent en EnglePre cest assatioir v.d. soulement come tes- 
moigne est a conseil qils fount en EngleVre % solome lestatut en 
EnglePre de ceo ent p'lieu, et ceo af?s q hdme soit acquite ou 
conuyct "^ finalement deliGs hors de la Court « nemy auant et 
sils facent alencontre % de ceo soient atteyntz soient lour 
baillies seisiz en la mayn le Roi p pleynt de celui qest 
encountre ceste acorde greue, et outre ceo facent gre a ceux q 
sount issint p eux endamages % detenuz en p^sone tanqe 
lour gre soil fait. Et q le Mareschal del Escheker ne ^igne 
q di m^r chescun Pme q'^nt home domora en sa garde p' arrirages 
dacompte ou la dette le Roi. Et qi face alencountr % de ceo 
soit atteynt, eyt la penaunce come desus est dit. Et q nul 
Conestable des chasteles dedeyns fraunchises ne dehors ne 
|Jigne de nul p'son mys en sa garde p^ son fee fors soulement 


be assessed by the wardens aforesaid; and that the said wardens, 

after array made in the aforesaid manner, make view 

of the said men at arms, hobelers and footmen from month to 

month in a certain place of the ooanty, where they shall see 

it best to make it, in ease of the people, and if the said wardens 

find any rebel who will not obey their mandates, that they 

have power to attach them and commit them to the next 

gaol, there to i^emain until the law be enforced against them. 

And if the wardens of the peace be remiss or negligent in 

executing their office and be thereof attainted, that then they 

be taken and imprisoned and fined at the will of the King. 

And if any so elected a warden refuse to receive the King's 

commission, that he be taken and imprisoned, and his lands 

seized into the King's hand^ and so remain until the King's 

court have otherwise ordained, and that the said wardens 

be sworn to execute their office legally in the manner 


Also it is ordained that the marshals of the one bench X. 

and of the other and those within franchises take not hence- Foe o' 

Mftrshftls of 
forth for their fee more than they take in England, that is the Benches. 

to say. five pence only, as it has been proved to the council that 
they do in Englan4, and according to the statute in England 
in that behalf provided, and this after tliat a man be acquitted' 
or convicted and finally delivered out of court, and not before, 
and if they do to the contrary and thereof be attainted, that 
their bailiwicks be seized into the King's hand, at the com- 
plaint of him who contrary to this act is aggrieved ; and, 
moreover, that they make satisfaction to those who are thus 
by them endamaged, and be detained in prison until their 
satisfaction be made. And that the marshal of the Exchequer p^ ^f 

take only half a mark for every term, while a man re- ^*"***^ ^' **^* 

•^ "^ Exchequer, 

mains in his custody for arrears of account or the King's 

debt. And whoever does to the contrary, and be thereof 

attainted, that he suffer the penalty above mentioned. And that 

no constable of castles, within franchises or without, take of ^^ of 

CoQBtable of] 
any prisoner placed in his custody, for bis fee, but only five a Castle. 

2 C 


v.d. forspris le Conestable du Chastel de Diuelyn q est le chef 
Cbastel le Koi en Irlaunde pnr ceo q tesmoigne est a cooseil qil 
doit plus ^ndre « de ancien temps ad fait Et q aiitrement 
fait « de ceo soit atteynt, soit la Oonestablerye seisy en la 
mayn le Roi, et celiii q ency afia fait soit pris « enp*sone tanqe 
il face gre a la ptie ^ fyn a Roi. Et Q les Mareschales ne 
Cones tables auaunditz dedeyns frauncbises ne dehors ne mettent 
les p^sons qils ount en lour garde a destresse « duyte ^ de 
penance p' singuler pfit ou suet auoir, et sils facent soient pris 
% detenuz en p^sone tanqe ils eynt rendu le double a celui de 
qi ils ount tiel torsenouse pfit rectu, et nep'q»nt faoent fyn 
a Koi "C s^ ceo soient briefs maundez a chescun place de la 
Vre ou Conestable ou Mareschai yad si bien deyns frauncbises 
come dehors. 

Itm ordeine est q nul Engleys face ascun mafle de alliance a 
les Eiigloys ou Irreys enemyz nre seign^ le Roi p mariage 
nurfe de lour enfauntz, ou en ascun autre niafie sil ne soit p 
assent de la Court le Roi, * qi le face * de ceo soit atteynt oyt 
lenp^sonement, et outr^ ceo soit reynt a la volunte le Roi. 

Itm ordeine est q si ascun home soit enditee de morte de 
h5me Engleys arson ou des autres g*ntes felonies ou qil soit 
comiiu laroun ou uoctory robiour * soit recette oue ascuns, 
eauTc sachauB les felonies susdites p lui faitz q les reoettours 
soient pris * detonuz en p^sone nyont niaynpnables si bien 
auant q tiels felone soient atteyntz come affs sil ue soit p 
cause « ceo p auisement du conseil le Roi. 

Itm ordeine est q si true ou pees soit p*s p la Justice 
gardeyns de la pees ou viscontz entr^ les Engleys * Jrreys 
« si ele soit debruse p ascun Engleys « de ceo soit atteynt 
soit p's % mys en p^soue tanqe gre soit fait p lui a ceux q soct 

' In th^ Statute oi Kilkenny tbia word \s (^urctcz. 


pence, except the constable of the castle of Dublin, which is Constable of 
the King's chief castle in Ireland, by reason that it has been I>«blin CaatU. 
proved to the council that he has a right to take more, and 
from ancient times has done ao. And whosoever does otherwise, 
and be thereof attainted, that the constableship be seized 
into the King's hand, and that he who shall have so acted be 
taken and imprisoned, until he make satisfaction to the party 
and fine to the King. And that neither the marshals nor con- 
stables aforesaid, within franchises or without, put the 
prisoners whom they have in their custody to distress and 
severity of punishment, for the purpose of obtaining their own 
profit or suit ; and if they do so, that they be taken and de- 
tained in prison until they have rendered double to the 
person from whom they have received such wrongful profit, and 
moreover make fine to the King ; and that thereupon writs 
be bent to every place of the land where there is a constable 
or marshal, as well within franchises as without. 

Also it is ordained that no English person make any xi. 

manner of alliance with the English or Irish enemies of No alliance 

our lord the King, by marriage, fostering of their children or English and 

in any other manner, unless it be by the assent of the King s q^ Wah 

court, and whosoever does so, and l>e thereof attainted, enemies. 

thnt he sutler imprisonment, and moreover be fined at the 

will of the King. 

Also it is ordained that if any man be indicted of the xil. 
death of an Englishman, of arson or the other great felonies. Receivers of 
or if he be a common thief or notorious robber and be received imprisoned. 
by any, they knowing that the aforesaid felonies were by him 
committed, that the receivers be taken and detained in 
prison without mainprise, as well before such felons be 
attainted as afterwards, unless it be for cause, and this by the 
advice of the council of the King. 

Also it is oixlained that if truce or peaco be made by XII f. 

the Justiciar, wardens of the peaco or sherifis, between English English truce- 
1 -r . 1 1 .^ . 1 1 1 1 -r^ 1. 1 11. breakers to be 

and Iiish, and if it be broken by any Englishman and he be imprisoned. 

of this attainted, that he bo taken and put into prison, until 



desrobez if endamagez p cele encheson, « outre ceo soit reynt a 
la volonte le Roi et sil neyt dont fair restitucion a ceux q 
sont issint endamagez, eyt ppetuele p^sone et q tiels gardeyns 
% viscontz eyent power denquere^de tiels q issint enfreynent 
la pees. 

Itm q lestatut de laborers^ maunde hors DenglePre en 
Irland soit mande p bi-ef a chescun visconte senescbales 
Maires so&eyns des Cittiez 9s villes qils facent pclamacion icel 
estatut et q la Justice soit charge denquere chescun pt ou il vaa 
de chescun qi countrenyent ccl estatut "^ de les punyre solome 
la forme del dit estatut. 

Itm ordeine est q si debate soit mou pentre Engleys % 
Engleys p quei les Eogleys dune pt ^ dautre coillent a eux 
Eugleys * Irreys en pays illoqes a demorer p*" gerrer « greuer 
autr^s a g*nt damage « destruction del lige poeple le Roi, 
Acorde est % assentu q nul Engleys soit si hardy de mouer 
gerre en autr^s ne de amener nul Engleys ne Irreys en pays 
dasormes p eel encheson et qi le facent % de ceo soient 
atteyntz eyent iuggement de vie * de membre « lour Fres 

Itm ordeine est q si debate sourd entr' Engleys * Engleys a 
la pees esteantz q nul de eux face namer ou gage ne destresse 
sur autre ^ndre ne vengeaunce sur autr^s ^nnont par quei le 
poeple le Roi p^ra estre troubele, mes sueit chescun ^s autre a 
cOmune ley. Et coment q auant ces hours p reison de tiels 
debates pentre Engleys * Engleys faitz eyent usee destre 
rulez p la ley de Marche % de Breawen quel nest pas ley ne 
dut estre dit ley % nemy p la ley de Pre, Acorde est q mes ley 
de Marche ne de Breawen soit tenuz entr^ Engleys « Engleys 
mes soient rulez a la comun ley. Et qi countrenyent les 

' pk-M p. 366 for ibifl Statute. 

iXy. iCDWARD lit. 38& 

satisfaction be made by him to those who are robbed and 
endamaged by reason thereof, and further be fined at 
the will of the King ; and if he have not wherewith to make 
restitution to those who are thus endamaged, that he have 
perpetual imprisonment, and that such wardens and sheriffs 
have power to enquire of such as thus infringe the peace. 

Also that the statute of labourers sent out of England XIV. 

into Ireland be sent by writ to every sheriff, seneschal, Statute of 

• labourers to 

mayor, sovereign of cities and towns, that they may make pro- be sent to 

clamation of this statute, and that the Justiciar be charged to *^^™ |;" ' 

inquire in every place where he goes, of every one who for proclama- 

contravenes this statute, and punish them according to the form 

of the said statute. 

Also it is ordained that if strife be stirred up between XV. 

Enfflish and English, owing to which the English of one side EugHsli n'*>t 

• .to stir up war 

and of the other gather to themselves English and Irish in 

the oountiy, there to remain to make war and harass others, 

to the great damage and destruction of the King's liege people. 

It is agreed and assented that no English be so bold as to 

stir up war against others, uor from hencefoi*th to lead away 

any English or Irish into the country for that purpose, and 

that those who so do and be thereof attainted have judgment 

of life and of limb and rheir lands forfeited. 

Also it is ordained that if strife arise between English and XVI. 
English, being of the peace, neither of them make dis- ^ ^T^T 
traint or take pledge or distress upon the other, nor take English, and 
vengeance against the other, whereby the King's people may Brehon law, 
be troubled, but that they sue each against the other at the ?'^ ***® march 
common law. And whereas heretofore by reason of such strifes 
made between English and English, they have used to be 
governed by the law of the March and the Brehon law, which 
is not law nor ought to be called law, and not by the law of 
the land, it is agreed that from henceforth neither the law of 
the March nor the Brehon law be observed between English 
and English, but that they be governed by the common law. 

390 fiAULV JiTATUffeS OF tRELA^ft. 

ordeinaunces susdites et de ceo soicnb atteyntz soient p^ % 
enp^sonez « i-eyntz a la voltmte le Roi. 

Itm ordeine est q ual home de quel estat ou oondicion qil 
soit face nul mafie de areste [ou ^] destourbance a nul des 
Ministres iire seign'^ le Roi, p quel q il ne poeit son office £aire 
et q le face % de ceo 8oit attejnt soit pris « enp^ne « reynt 
a la volunte le Roi. 

Itm ordeine est q tous ceux q ount Pros en Marche « sont 
receantz en Pre de pees facent receantye en lour Pres en marche 
ou mettent autr^s suffisantz en lo' lieu en mayntenance % 
eyde des marchez, et qi ne le face soient les issues de lour 
fi-es en Pre de pees p^s p les Ministres le Roi illoqes % despen- 
ditz en la uiarche p'' saluacion de la dit Marche solome la 
q^ntite des Vres qil ad en marche. 

Itm ordeine est q tous y ceux q ount Prcs « tenementz en 
Irlande « sont receantz en EnglePre qils facent cotribudon p'^ 
defense de lour Pres illoqes si auant come ceux receantz 
dedeyns la dite Pre Dirlande y fount. Et en cas q meymes 
ceux p aillours demorantz eyent Pres en marche qils facent 
asseer % garder lour Pres auaunditz couenablement, par quei 
les Marchiz puissent le meotz estre enforcez solome la quantite 
de yceleS) et qi ne le face soient les issues de lour Pres 
despenduB on la marche en la forme susdite come plus 
pleynement est rcaunde p bref hors DenglePre en Irlande. 
Itm onleine est q iiules Engleys c5muns mesfesours ne 
comuns robiours ne baretours soient mayntenus p nul de la 
Court le Roi ne p les g^ntz ne petites de la Pre sur pil qapent. 
Itm ordeine est q les chef ^iautz de fee % lour attoumez facent 
du execucion des maandementz le Roi et de viscontz come ils 
deSoient faii« et sils ne facent « de ceo soient atteyntz, soient 

1 Obliterated. 

^xV. edWard 111. 39 1 

And that whosoever contravene the aforesaid ordinances and 
be thereof attainted, be taken and imprisoned and fined at 
the will of the King. 

Also it is ordained that no man of what estate or condition XVII. 

he be, cause any manner of hindrance fori disturbance The King's 

oflRcers not to 
to any of the oflScers of our lord the King, whereby he may be hindered. 

be unable to execute his office, and that whosoever so do, 

and be thereof attainted, be taken and imprisoned and fined 

at the will of the King. 

Also it is ordained that all those who have lands in the XV 11 1. 

March and are resident in land of peace, make their Persons to 

• J • 1 • 1 1 • 1 -B*^ 1 1 reside in their 

residence in their lands m the March, or put other march lands, 

sufficient persons in their place, in maintenance and aid of the 
marches, and whosoever do not so, that the issues of their lands 
in land of peace be taken by the King's officers there, and 
expended in the march, for the safeguard of the .said march, ac- 
cording to the quantity of the lands which he has in the march. 

Also it Ls ordained that all those who have lands and tene- XIX. 

ments in Ireland and are resident in England make con- Roeidenta in 

° England 

tribution for the defence of their lands there, just as those having lands 

resident in the said land of Ireland do. And in case that those contribute ^ 

resident elsewhere have lands in the march, that those same towards their 

cause their aforesaid lands t^) be sufficiently ascertained and 

guarded, whereby the Marches may be better strengthened, 
according to the quantity of the same, and whoever do not 
80, that the issues of their lands be expended in the march 
in the manner afoi'esaid, as is more fully commanded by a writ 
out of England into Ireland. 

Also it is ordained that no English common malefactors or XX. 
common robbers or barrators be maintained by any person JJ*^'^V*" 
of the King's court, nor by the high or low of the Iniid, on not to be 
the penalty thereto attaching. 

Also it is ordained that the chief Serjeants of fee and their XXI. 
attorneys make due execution of the mandates of the King, ^^^^^^**^j° 
and of the sheriffs, as they ought to do, and if they do not due execution. 

392 EARLY STATUTliS Ot IRthk^t^. 

lour baillies seisiz eu la mayn le Roi <^ lour corps a la 

Itm ordeine est q ai hdnie face felonie % soit futif ou soit 
attejnt p quel ces biens % chateux soient forfaitz a Boi q les 
viscontes iacent seisir les dites biens 9i chateux en aa mayn, en 
qi mayns les biens aj^s deuenent % respoignent de ceo a ore 
seign'' le Roi sour lour acompte. 

Itm q come somouns del Esclieker ore seign^ le Roi de 
Diuelyn vienent a difises viscontz % seneschaJes des franchises 
p^ les dettes Bre dit seign' le Roi leuer de di&ez gentz en 
lour baillies les queux viscontes % seneschales ensemblcment 
oue leg liantz des Oountez % franchises si font leuer di&sea 
sumes des dites dettez de difises gentz des Countez % franchises 
<t ne les acquitent mye sour lour acomptes a le Escheker, mes 
les excusent p les §iantz de fee « lour lieutenantz p quei la 
paie des dettes fire seign** le Roi si est targe « delaie % pdue « 
son poeple g^ntment endamage de ceo qils ne sont mye 
acquitez de les deniers qils ount paiez. Acorde est % assentuz q 
q»nt viscontes « seneschales de Loutti, Mid, Trym, Diuelyn, 
Kyldar, CatK, Kilkeny * Weyseford vienent p' lour acomptes 
rendre deuant Ti*esorier % Barons des issues de lo^ baillies q 
les Siantz de fee q sont ^sentz % les deputez de eux q sont 
hora de ^re soient destreintz de venir en Lescheker « 
illoqes demorer od les dites viscontes * seneschales tanqe 
les dites viscontes % seneschales eyent pleynement acomptes, 
et si issint soit q les dites viscontes ou seneschales 
parent charger les dites Siantz ou lour deputez qils ount receu 
des deniers U Roi de nuly nent fesant la paie as dites 
viscountez % seneschales, * s^ C90 soient atteyntz, demoergent 
lour corps en garde de Mareschal tanqe gree soit fait a nre 
seign' le Koi des ses deniers en descharge des dettours nre 
seign^ le Roi ou des dites viscontes ou seneschales sils eyent 

XXV. liDWARD III. 393 

and be thereof attainted, that their bailiwicks be seized into 
the Eing*s hand, and their bodies committed to prison. 

Also it is OL-dained that if a man commit felony and be a XXII. 
fugitive or bo attainted, whereby his goods and chattels Sh^riflFs to 
ai-e forfeited to the King, that the sheriffs cause the said forfeited by 
goods and chattels to be seized into his hand, into whosoever * *** ^^* ^' 
hands the goods may afterwards come, and answer therefor to 
our lord the King upon their account. 

Also that whereas summons of the Exchequer of our lord XXIII. 
the King, of Dublin, comes to divers sheriffs and seneschals of As to tftking 
franchises, to levy the debts of our said lord the King of divers accounts, 
people in their bailiwicks, the which sheriffs and seneschals, Leinster 
together with the Serjeants of counties and franchises, accord- 
ingly cause to be levied divers sums of the said debts, of divers 
people of the counties and franchises, and do not acquit them 
on their accounts at the Exchequer, but excuse themselves by 
the Serjeants of fee and their deputies, whereby the payment 
of the debts of our lord the King is so retarded and delayed 
and lost, and his people greatly damaged, for that they are not 
acquitted of the money which they have paid. It is agreed and 
assented that when the sheriffs and seneschals of Louth, 
Meath, Trim, Dublin, Kildare, Garlow, Kilkenny, and Wex- 
ford come to render their accounts before the treasurer and 
barons, of the issues of their bailiwicks, that the Serjeants of 
fee who are present and the deputies of those who are out of 
the land be distrained to come into the Exchequer, and 
there to remain with the said sheriffs and seneschah until the 
said sheriffs and seneschals have fully accounted, and if 
it so happen that the said sheriffs or seneschals can charge the 
said Serjeants or their deputies that they have received the 
King's monies of any, without making payment thereof to the 
said sheriffs and seneschals, and they be thereof attainted, that 
their bodies remain in the custody of the marahal, until satis- 
faction be made to our lord the King of his monies, in dis- 
charge of the debtors of our lord the King or of the said 
sheriffs or seneschals, if they have wherewithal. And if not, 

3d4 HarlV sta.t*ltes oi?' iei^lanD. 

lie quel. Et si nomy demoergent en p^sone tanqe iis soient 
delifia p le conseil * nep^quant soient les viscontz ent chargez 
8' lour acompte come deuant, et q totes les dettes leuez p les 
liantz soient paiez a visconte p eudenfe entre eux fait, 
issint q q'^nt les dites Siantz vienent s' lour acompte de 
visconte en Lescheker qils j^uissent moustrer lour endent^e a 
tesmoigner des queux ils ount receu les deniers le Roi % des 
queuz nemj. Et p^ ceo q les Oountez de Connagtit Kery 
Cork Waftord Lyme? « Typar Hont si loynz de la Court q les 
.fiantz de meymes les Countes ne poent bonementz venir a 
Diuelyn de estre s^ lour acompte des visoontz % seneachales 
de meismes les Countez come autr^s liantz fount. Acorde est 
% assentuz q les liantz das dites Countes ou lour deputez q^nt 
vn Baron, ou Clerk assigne p Tresorier * Barons vient p 
cdmission del Escbeker es pties susditz p"" la v^te eyre examiner 
« la dette nre seign^ le Roi leuer, q adonqe demoergent oue le 
dit Baron, ou Clerk tancome les dites viscontes ou seneschales 
[demorgent, et si issint soit quilz ont enz receuz de nully 
nient fesant la paie as ditz viscountz ou seneschallx ^] en la 
maHe susdit, q adonqe soient ai'estuz % eyent la penance 
susdite. Itm p' ceo q les fees de visconte si sont ordeinez p 
estatut % les viscontes en la Vre de Irlande se ^ignent en lour 
tournes de chescune Baronie en lour baillie vn mark p an et 
de chescune ville marchee a la foitf vynt soutz diz soutz % 
demy mark a ti-es g*nt op^ssione de poeple. Acorde est « 
assentuz q q^t les viscontes susdites vieneut as villes p' lo' 
tournes tenir deux foiC(> p an cest assauoir a^s la seint Michel 
% a^s la Paske qils ne ^ignent de nule Baronie, come q villes 
marchecz sont dedeinz mesme la Baix)nie, si noun quarant 
deniers a chescun tourne si autrement ne soit a^s ordeine. 
Et si issint soit qil soit pue p le seign' de la Baroiiie si il ne 

' A manifest omiaaion : supplied from Statute of Kilkenny, cap. XXXII. 

5cxV. £DWARb ill. S95 

that they remain in prison until they be delivered by the 
council, and nevertheless that the sheriffs be charged there- 
with upon their account as before, and that all the debts levied 
by the Serjeants be paid to the sheriff by indenture made 
between them, so that when the said Serjeants come u{)on their 
account of the sheriff in the Exchequer, that they may show their 
indenture, to testify from whom they have received the King's 
moneys and from whom not. And forasmuch as the counties of 
Connaught, Kerry, Cork, Waterford, Limerick, and Tipperary Same, 
are so distant from the court that the Serjeants of the same an^^npater. 
counties cannot conveniently come to Dublin, to be present on 
their account of the sheriffs and seneschals of the same 
counties, as other Serjeants do, It is agreed and assented that 
the Serjeants of the said counties or their deputies, whenever a 
baron or clerk assigned by the treasurer and barons comes 
by commission of the Exchequer into the aforesaid parts, to 
examine the green wax and to levy the debt of our lord the 
King, that then they remain with the said baron or clerk, while 
the said sheriffs or seneschals [remain, and if it happen that 
they have received any part thereof from any peraon, 
without making payment to the said sheriffs or seneschals] in 
manner aforesaid, that then they be arrested, and have 
the penalty aforesaid. 

Also whereas the fees of sheriffs are ordained by XXIV, 
statute, and the sheriffs in the land of Ireland take, for ^®^j^ j^ 
themselves in their turns, of every barony in their bailiwick their turns, 
one mark yearly, and of each market town sometimes twenty 
shillings, ten shillings, and half a mark, to the very great oppres- 
sion of the people, It is agreed and assented that when the 
afoiHssaid sheriffs come to towns to hold their turns twice 
each year, to wit, after the feast of St. Michael and after Easter, 
that they only take forty pence of every barony, although 
there be market towns within the same barony, at each 
turn, if it be not otherwise ordained hereafter. And if 
it should so be that he is supplied with food by the 
lord of the Imrony, that he take nothing, if he be not 


soit requis ou p^ a manger ne ^igne riens. £t q nul Clerk 
de visconte p cause de tiel toume ne ^igne riens ; et auxint 
q desorenauant nul dener soit leue de nule charue de f^re ne 
en autre mafie p cause de tele office faire si noun le demy mark 
come ' desus est dit ; et si nul face encountre lordeinance 
susdite % de ceo soit atteynt % soit comaunde a la p^ne « 
outre oeo soit reynt a la volunte le Roi, et q nules viscontz des 
franchises q pne ^teyns fees du seign^age p'^ lour office faire ne 
^ignent riens p' lour tournes des gentz de lour baillies mes se 
tiegnent paiez de ceo qils pnent de seign'age. Et si ils facent 
autrement « de ceo soient atteyntz, eyent la penance snsdite. 
Itm acorde est % assentuz q nul visconte desormes se tiegne 
plee deuant lui en Countee de vede naipe encounP la edmun 
ley nre seign' le Roi nyent countreesteant nules vsages 
erroignes disresonables « disacordantz a la leye les queux 
auant ces hours ount este malement vseez, et sil le face « de 
ceo soit atteynt eyt lenp^sonement « outre ceo soit rejnt a la 
volunte le Roi. Et q nul fiant p*^ nule gage de vede name 
en tiel cas ne fiigne nul fee p*^ tiel office faire. Et sil le face 
« de ceo soit atteynt soit c5maunde a la p^sone « pde sa bailiie 
et nep'q'^t face greuouse raunsoun a la volunte le RoL 



requested or prayed to eat. And that no clerk of a sheriff, 
by reason of such turn, take anything ; and also that from 
henceforward no money be levied of any ploughland nor in any 
other manner, by reason of executing the said office, except the 
half mark as is abovesaid ; and if any person act contrary to 
the aforesaid ordinance and be thereof attainted, that he be 
committed to prison and further be fined at the will of the 
King : and that no sheriffs of franchises who take certain fees 
of the lordship for executing their office, take any thing for 
their turns from the people of their bailiwicks, but consider 
themselves paid with that which they take of the lordship. 
And if they do otherwise and be thereof attainted, that they 
incur the penalty afore.said. 

Also it is agreed and assented that no sheriff from 
henceforward hold plea of withernam before him in the 
county, contrary to the common law of our lord the King, withernam 
any usages, erroneous, unreasonable and not in accordance with ^^^^% 
the law which have been heretofore injuriously used notwith- 
standing, and if he so do and be thereof attainted, that he 
suffer imprisonment and further be fined at the will of the 
King. And that no serjeant, for any pledge of withernam in 
such case, take any tee for performing the said office. And 
if he so do and be thereof attainted, that he be committed to 
prison and lose his bailiwick, and nevertheless make heavy 
ransom at the will of the King. 


29 EDWARD III. A.D. 1355. 
[Close Roli, 29 axd 30 Ed. III., article 36/.] 
Bre p Rege direct j ^ ^.^^j^ ^ ^^^j.^^^ ^^ ^^^^ j^ BefilacQ 
Robto de Befllaco [ ftico fitz WUliam Thome Belynges « 
* ttt. J Walfo de Bykenore ad scrutandu poi-tus 

naves % doraos in portub5 « aliis locis maritimis, ae if^ loca 
maritinia a portu de Holpatrik % in eodem porta usq^ 
Dublin ^ ad arastand bluda % pisces in nauib3 ad eduoend 
posit « ad port lis « domos maii vicinos occulte p noctes ad 
educend duct conf^ pclamacoes « inhibicoes ex pte nra sub 
g*ui ipoj^ blad(^ % pisciu forisftura nra sino licencia nra spali 
tarn infra iibtates q^m exV^ assignatis sattm. Licet p nra ac 
Ministit)^ nroj^ Frelato]^ Magnatu « cois populi ?^ V're nrc^ hi&ii 
vtilitate publica de consilio iiro duxim' oixlinand qd forstalla- 
tores p*uati fflcatores broggatores * alii qui vocant' Braggers 
« Letters qui cont*^ pclamacoes « inhibicoes sub f)dca % alia 
gHiiori forisftura p nos fcas ne pisces occulte p forstallamenta 
vel firaudulenta seu subtile « dampnosam hi^ conuenooem 
enlent nee occulte in noctib5 aut alias ad domos singularm 
psona]^ in Civitate ^dca vel alibi ad saliend ^ ekt* h'am mittend 
set veri emptores pisces ipos ad scabella dee Givitatis % aliof 
loco]^ publica absq^ omi fraude « dampnosa conuencoe hi' 
vendent^ dufent put ante iam inuentas fraudes fieri consaeuit 
pisces hi' anteq^ capinnt' « cu capti ffiint forstaJlando p maiori 
j)cio q*in vaJent * valere consueuerut post pclamacoes * 
inhibicoes nras hi' emerut « indies emunt % ad domos dco]^ 
forstallato]^ p'uatoj^ Alcatc^ % broggato]^ ac alio^ qui hi' 


29 EDWARD III A.D. 1355. 

Writ for the King A rHHE King to his beloved and 
directed to Robert \ JL faithful Robert de Beverley, 
de Beverley and others. J Richard fitz - William, Thomas 
Eelynges and Walter de Bykenore, appointed to search 
harbours, ships and houses in the ports, and in other sea side 
places, and the sea side places themselves, from the harbour of 
Holmpatrick and in the same harbour up to Dublin, and to 
arrest com and fish placed in ships to be brought away, and 
brought to ports and houses near the sea secretly by night, 
to be brought away contrary to proclamations and inhibi- 
tions on our part, under the heavy forfeiture to us of the said 
com and fish, without our special license, as well within liberties 
as without, greeting. Although for the public benefit of us and 
our ofiicers, prelates, magnates and the common people of our 
land of Ireland^ by our Council we have thought fit to ordain 
that forestallers, private merchants^ brokers and others who 
are called " braggers and lodors " who, contrary to the proclama- 
tions and inhibitions made by us under the aforasaid and other 
more heavy penalty of forfeiture, that they should not purchase 
fish secretly by forestalments or a fraudulent, subtle and in- 
jurious agreement of this kind, nor secretly by night or any 
other time to the houses of individual persons in the aforesaid 
city or elsewhere, bring them to be salted and sent out of the 
land, but that bona-fide buyers should sell the said fish 
at the public shambles of the said city and other 
places, without any such fraud and injurious agreement, as 
was wont to be done before these frauds were discovered, by 
forestalling the fish in this way before they are taken and 
when they ai*e taken, for a greater price than they are value 
for, and were wont to be value for, after our proclamations 
and inhibitions, have purchased and daily do purchase, and to 
the houses of the said forestallers, private merchants and 
brokers and others, who practise and procure to be practised 


forstallamenta « abroggamenta p alios faciut <r fieri pcurant ad 
saliend ^ ext* Fraiu firam sine debita licencia l^nsmittend 
duxerut <^ ducunt p ipc^ comodo singulari. Ita qd raro ^ « 
q*ndoq^ nulli pisces in dieb5 quib5 pisces comedunt' ad vcndend 
p sustentacoe Ministroru Prelate^ Magnatu % populi ^dco^ 
inveniunf in nri <^ mandatoj^ nroj^ ^dco^ contemptu ^ 
Ministro^ nix^ % alio^ jiopuliq^ ^dco^ g^ue dampnu « 
depssione maxime cu dci pisces qui p ipos forstallatores 
broggatores ^ p^uatos ntcatores ac ordinacoem suam % ^cii 
imposicoem vendicoi exponunf in duplici vel triplici niaiori 
fcio q*m alias vendi deberent * consueuerut vendant^ ^ cont» 
pclamacoes % inhibicoes nras sub forisf tura hi' inde fcas. Nos 
Tolentes ipo^ machinate malicie ^t dampno publico obuiare 
iposq^ talil^ delinquentes punire debito in hac pie, vo& « \Tm 
cuilibet sub piculo qd incubit ac eciam sub g^ui forisf tura nra 
districcius iuiungendo mandam' qd statim visis ^8entib5 ad 
portu de Holpatrik necno ad singulos portus aliunde wx^ 
Dublin tam maiores q*jn minores vbi sunt piscatores * pisces 
capiunt^ tam infra liBtates q'^m exf^ iFato ne ordinaco iira 
« consilii iiri {idea queq^ni lateat pclamari « inhiberi ex pte 
nra fac ne qui forstallatores p^uati nicatores Broggatores 
Braggers sine Loders sub forisftiira pisciii corporO * bono^ 
buo^ p hi' forstallacoem aut occulta % dampnosam conuencoem 
seu quouis alio colore ante capcoem pisciii vel post cont^ 
dcam ordinacoem vnde dampnu ode aut maior inde 
caristia sequi posset emant aut ipi piscatores seu alii ecf noie 
talit' forstallatorib3 aut aliis ^dcis captos hi' pisces vendant 
nee ad ptes exFas mittant sine spali nra licencia vt est dcm set 
qd veri emptores ac Loders « Braggers pisces in portub3 cu 
capti f8int absq^ omi fraude forstallacoe % ^ita conuencoe ad 

1 So in MS. for rori 


by others such forestallings and brokages, to salt them and 
Bend them out of our land, without due license, have brought 
and do bring for their own individual accommodation. 
So that few and sometimes no fish are to be found for sale on 
the days on which fish is eaton, for the sustenance of the afore- 
said officers, prelates, magnates and people aforesaid, in 
contempt of us and of our mandates aforesaid, to the grievous 
loss and injury of our officers and others and of the people afore- 
said, especially when the said fish, which by the said forestallers, 
brokers and private merchants and under their own ordinance 
and fixing of price ai^e exposed for sale, are sold for double 
or treble greater price than otherwise they ought and were 
wont to be sold, and contrary to our proclamations and in- 
hibitions, under the forfeiture in that case provideii. We, 
being willing to obviate their contrived malice and the 
public loss, and to punish duly in this behalf those 
ofiending in such a way, you, and every of you, under the 
penalty which attaches, and also under heavy forfeitui'e to us, 
most strictly enjoining, command that immediately on sight 
of these presents, at the harbour of Holmpatrick, also at the Proclamation 
several harbours at other places, up to Dublin, as well large as against 
small, where there are fishermen and fish are taken, as well '* gj^^*®" 
within liberties as without, lest the aforesaid ordinance of us 
and of our Council be by any means concealed, you again 
cause proclamation and inhibition on our behalf to be made, 
that no forestellers, private merchants, brokers or ladera, 
under forfeiture of their fish, their bodies and their goods, 
by such forestelling or secret or injuiious agreement or any 
other pretence, before the taking of the fish or after, contrary 
to the said ordinance, whereby common loss or greater 
scarcity thereof may ensue, purchase, or the fishermen them- 
selves or others in their name in such manner to the fore- 
stallers or others aforesaid, sell fish taken in this way, nor 
send them to foreign parts, without our special license as 
aforesaid, but that bona-fide purchasers and laders and Bonafide 
brokers purchase the fish in the harbours when they shall be ^(^^ harbours 
taken, without all this fraud, forestelling and prohibited '^r sale in the 

2d '' ^" 


sufl f»priQ * no altius vsum emant * vendant in (yivitate ^d5i 
« alibi iljis qui p sustentacoe sua % domus sue eos efie volfinnt 
ce8santib5 forstallacoib; ^ fraudib3 quibusHbet Yt est dcm, v 
omes illos quos tarn ]^x>8t p^ores q'm ^sentes |X)lamacoes « 
inhibicoes nras contain facientes vel inde p inquisicoes in 
portub3 % locis pdcis p vos « vrm quemlibet capieud culpabiles 
inuefiitis tain emptores q*m venditores hi^ sic culpabiles vna 
cu ^8cib3 sic eniptis <« venditis tamq'm nob forisftis arestetis 
« attachietis * coi-pora eo^ ad Castra nrm Dublin t'nsmittatis 
ibidem custodiend % pisces sic arestatos saluo ad opus nrm 
custodiri fac quousq^ aliud inde ex delibacoe dci consilii Bri 
duxim' ordinand. Et vos "f quilibet vrm scrutinia tarn in 
domib3 in singtis portub3 % locis mari viciuis ^dcis q*m in 
nauib3 ac inquisicoes hi' de emptorib3 % venditorib3 ^dos ter 
bis vel semel ad min' aut pluries in ebdomoda put expedire 
videritis fac ei nos in Cancellar iira bibn de noib3 arestatoj^ « 
conf^riu facienciu ac de nuiiio <^ valore pisciii quos sic forisftos 
inuefiitis de tempore in tempus sub sigillis vris vel a]icuiiis 
vrm ^tificetis vt delinquentes talif cu rigore iusticie pnniam^ 
vt alii metu pene ad faciend talia phibita conpes^cant^ 
Scientes qd si vos negligentes in execucoe |{sentis mandati iiri 
inuenti ffiitis vel remissi corpora ^ra pena simili puniend 
arestabim' ^ forisfturam in vos ^ vrm quemlibet ex&ebim' 
supMcam. Nee volum' qd aliquis vrm ppC absenciam alPius 
se excuset ^missa iaSe vel omittat Tntencois tame iire % dci 
consilii nri existit qd Justic Cancel Isi' % Thes iiri Hibn cefiq^ 
Ministri nri aut magnates % alii fideles nri empcoes % 


agreement, to their own proper use and no other, and sell 
them in the said city and elsewhere to those who wish to 
purchase them, for their own sustenance and that of their 
households, forestallings and frauds of every kind ceasing, as 
aforesaid, and ail those whom, as well after the former as our Penalty 
present proclamations and inhibitions, you shall find doing the gf^ora. "*'" 
contrary or thereof guilty, by inquisitions in the ports and 
places aforesaid, by you and every of you to be taken, as 
well the buyers as the sellers, so guilty in this way, together 
with the fish so bought and sold, as forfeited to us, you 
arrest and attach, and their bodies to our castle of Dublin 
you transmit, there to be kept, and the fish so arrested you 
cause to be kept safely, to our u/ie, until we see fit to ordain 
otherwise therein, after deliberation of our said Council. And 
that you and every of you cause searches to be made, as Search to be 
well in houses in the several ports and places near the sea 
aforesaid, as in ships, and that you make such inquisitions as 
to buyers and sellers aforesaid, thrice, twice or once at the 
least, or oftener in the week, as you shall see fit, and us in 
our Chancery of Ireland of the names of those arrested and Certificate at 
acting contrary, and of the number and value of the fish which ^^id fish 
you shall find so forfeited, from time to time under your seals f^'f^ited. 
or those of any of you, you shall certify, so that we may punish 
those ofiending in such a way with the rigour of justice, so 
that others through fear of punishment, may be restrained from 
committing such prohibited acts ; causing you to know that if 
you be found negligent or remiss in the execution of our 
present mandate, we shall arrest your bodies for the purpose 
of visiting them with similar punishment, and we shall exer- 
cise the aforesaid forfeiture against you and every of you. 
And we will that none of you, on account of the absence 
of another, excuse himself or omit to [act in the premises. 
Nevertheless it is the intention of us and of our said 
Council that our Justiciar, Chancellor and Treasurer of 
Ireland and other our officers, or the magnates and our other 
faithful subjects, may freely make purchases and supplies 

2 D 2 


pmdencias pisciu p snutentacoe domo^ "¥■ familiaj^ snaj^ in 
portub3 % locis ^dcia liBe fa& possint dumodo quicq^m doli in 
hac pte fiat nee fraux nee deeepco sub eo colore quouia modo 
comittat' cont^ ordinacoem pclamaooes « inhibicoes Eras snp^ 
dcaa. £t nolam^ qd ^textu ^Bentis mandali nri liBtati « 
iuri ecctie Dublinen fiat ^iudcia aliquale. T.' ^fato JusUc apnd 
Dublin Tij die Junii. p i^m Justic « con& 

^Xll. EDWAtlD tit. 405 

of fish, for the sustenance of their houses and households 
in the porta and places aforesaid, provided that nothing crafty 
in this behalf be committed, nor fraud or deception, under 
colour of it, in any way be practised, contrary to our ordinance, 
proclamations and inhibitions aforesaid. And we do not wish 
that under pretext of our present mandate, any prejudice 
be done to the liberty and right of the Church of Dublin. 
Witness the aforesaid Justiciar at Dublin the 7th day of 

By the Justiciar himself and the Council. 


20 EDWARD IH. A.D. 1355. 

Of thb Cobbectioh of Errors ik Paruamrhts to br held ih 

The King to his JuBticiar and Chancellor of Ireland greeting. On 
behalf of some of our lieges of the community of our land of Ireland, ii 
has been shewn to us with grievous complaint, that whereas they hmve 
sustained very many losses and injuries for a long time, because they 
cannot recover out of our hands their lands and tenements which have 
been taken into our hand by our officers of the said land, as weU by 
way of distraint as by reason of trespass or of alienation made without 
our licence, of their own will and without reasonable cause, although 
they might have prosecuted in proper form and by due process thereof 
within the power of you and others of our council in those parts, accord- 
ing to the law and custom of the said land. And also because the errors 
which are alleged to have occurred in the records and processes of 
pleas held before our Justices and other Courts and Places in the said 
land which have record, and in the returns of the said judgments and 
pleas, cannot be corrected in Parliaments in the said land, nor can 
justice be done thereof in other wise without seeking a remedy in 
England; on which account, because of the labour and expense m- 
curred in the premises, they are brought to the greatest wretchedness 
and want, and some are altogether deprived of their inheritance ; where- 
fore our said faithful subjects have earnestly prayed that we should cause 
a suitable remedy to be applied in the premises. And inasmuch as it 
appears to us and our council to be hard and oppressive that com- 
plainants, in the prosecution of justice for injuries inflicted upon them 
in the parts aforesaid, should be so harassed without remedy, therefore 
for the quiet and indenmity of our people who are in the said land 
under our rule, to whom we are debtors in the display of justice ; we have 
ordained that of all lands and tenements in the said land, by our Justices, 
escheators, or any other officers whomsoever, without our mandate 
under our seal, taken into our hand, to those who are willing to sue for 
Li^rty ^^ the said lands and tenements out of our hand by due and just process 
lADds taken before you, full justice be hereupon done, according to the law and 
hands. custom of our realm of England and of our said land of Ireland, any 

1 The text, taken from Close Boll. Engl 29 Edward IIL, m. 1% Is printed in 
Bymer's FxderOy Vol. lEL, pt. 1, p. 812, and in Prynne's AnimadversUmM (iWh 
p. 286. 

illX. EDWARD III. 40"? 

our mandates whatsoever under our great or privy seal of England to 
you or other our officers in the said land heretofore directed notwith- 
standing. And that at the suit of all and singular who wish to com- 
plain that errors have occurred in the records and processes held before Amendmenti 
any Justices or other officers aforesaid, the roUs of the said records recfo^s and 
and processes be produced in our Parliaments in the said land to be ^T^2^ ^' 
held, by the Justices or officers before wh9m those records and pro- 
cesses were had, and there the said records and processes be 
diligently read and examined, and the errors, if any happen to be 
found therein, be duly amended. And therefore we command you 
that you cause the aforesaid ordinance to be observed in our said land, 
and full and speedy justice to be done to the parties complaining in 
form aforesaid, any mandates whatsoever to the contrary to you or 
others in the said land heretofore directed notwithstanding. So that 
no one may have reason for complaining henceforth to us, for default 
of justice in the aforesaid cases. Witness the King at Westminster 
the 30th day of August. 

By the King himself and the Council ' 


31 EDWARD ra. A.D. 1357. 
Obdikatio facta pbo statu tbbbjb Hibkknijl^ 
Ak Obdinakcs madb roB thb Estatb of the Land of lBELAin». 

The King to the Arohbiahops, Bishops, Abbots, Priors, to our officers 
both great and small, and to other our faithful subjects whomso- 
ever, of our land of Ireland, unto whom these presents shall ooiiie, 
greeting. Whereas from the frequent information of trust-worthy 
persons, we haye learned that our land of Ireland, and the Irish 
Church, and the clergy and people thereof subject to us, through de- 
fault of good goyemment and the neglect and carelessness of the royal 
officers there, both great and small, have been hitherto in divers ways 
disturbed and oppsessed ; and the marches of the said land situate 
near the enemy, have been laid waste by hostile inyasions, the marchers 
being slain and plundered, and their dwellings outrageously burnt, 
and others compelled to desert their own places, some of them flying 
to the enemy, and others to strange places ; and divers parts of the 
■aid marches being thus desolate and deserted have been occupied by 
the enemy ; and the affairs of us and the said land unsuitably and 
un profitably carried on, the laws and approved customs not duly 
observed, our people in divers manners spoiled of their goods and 
property, against justice, law, and the form of the statutes thereof 
made; and our peace broken and ill kept, and traitors, thieves, and 
malefactors not punished as they ought to be : by occasion of which 
evils, greater and irreparable losses (which God forbid !) are feared to 
happen, unless they are met by fitting remedies. We desiring to provide 
for the good government and quiet of the said land and people, have 
thereupon, by assent of our council, determined that the matters 
following be ordained and steadfastly observed. 

Liberties of the i. Firstly, we will and command that the Holy Irish Church 

Irish church •' ^ 

oonflrmed. have her liberties and free customs inviolable, and freely enjoy and use 

the same. 

Disonasion of H. Also we will and command that the affairs of us and of the said 

public matters 

tn Oonncil and land, those especially which are great and arduous, in Councils, by our 

ar amen . ^j^jj^ councillors and the prelates and magnates, and certain of the more 
discreet and prudent men of the parts adjoining where those councils 

' The text, taken from the Statute Boll EngL SI Edward m^ m. 12. is printed 
In Statutet 0/ the Bealm, I. p. 867. In Prynne's Aninwdversioua (1669). p. 287, and io 
By ley's Placitn Park, p. 602. This ordinance was ezempHlled and oonflrmed ; see 
PateDt Boll (Engl.). 17 Bic. IL, pi. 2, m. 34. 

XiXl, EDWARD III. 409 

may happen to be held, for this cause to be summoned, and in Par- 
liaments by those our councillors, and the prelates, and nobles, and 
others of the land aforesaid, as custom requires, according to jus- 
tice, law, custom, and reason, be treated, managed, and faithfully 
discussed and also determined, without fear, favour, hatred, or reward. 

IIL Also whereas the justices and certain others who have been Joslices and 
heretofore our officers of our said land, led by the counsels of their g^^^ qq^ retain 
priyate counsellors and not of ours, not to say of brokers, have ivUTOmuSlore 
occasioned innumerable wrongs, as well to us as to singular other per- eflproially 
sons, applying their gains unlawfully acquired in that behalf to their 
own uses and not to ours ; we will and command that our said officers, 
especially the greater, keep not in their service such counsellors as 
aforesaid who are brokers, more especially those defamed of such 
brokages, who have heretofore belonged to such chief officers ; and if they 
should have retained any, that they forthwith remove them from them, 
that the affairs of us and the land be not obstructed by the said 
brolcers ; nor the profits to us appertaining be carried away from us 
through the means of their feigned counsels ; and if such private coun- 
sellors, which God forbid, being retained among the followers of those 
our officers, contrary to the aforesaid ordinance, should receive any 
thing from the people or any of them, to their oppression by brokage Punishment 
or other underhand bargain, to their own use or that of their lords, the^rSlople by 
that they restore it fully to him that paid the same, and nevertheless, for l>i^kacr6. 
such extortion, be duly punished toward us by our Justiciar and 
council of Ireland ; and make reasonable fine to us, as shall seem 
meet unto our said Justiciar and council, and be removed 'forth- 
with, as is above rehearsed, from their retinue ; we hereby strictly 
enjoining our Justiciar of Ireland for the time being, that this he do 
faithfully observe in his own person, and do cause the same to be ob- 
served by others. 

IV. Also, whereas the people through almost all Ireland subject to Purveyances 
us, by plunderings and takings of victuals and others of their goods, to the statute^ 
by purveyors of the said chief officers, and very frequently by command 
of those officers, have been lamentably oppressed ; we will and strictly 
command, that purveyances of victuals to be made in the said land of 
Ireland, for the use of us and our said chief officers, be made according 
to the form of the statutes and articles published and made by us in 
Parliaments and other great councils, for the benefit of our people, and 
not otherwise ; so that victuals or other things whatsoever to be taken yi«*,|-ig ^^ to 
for such use, be appraised by good and lawful men of the neighbour- be appraised, 
hood of the places where they shall happen to be taken, sworn thereto, 
and not menaced nor compelled by menaces, having regard to the 




Purveyors to 
be sworn. 

Their oommis- 


Purvey ances 
to be made by 
order of 
oouncil, &o. 

Saving for the 

pnco at which such victuals and things are sold in the neighbouring 
markets, and that the price be paid forthwith : and if for Uck of monej 
the said purveyors make tallies of such price to those from whom the 
victuals and things were taken, according to the said price, that they pay 
the same price within one or two months. Provided always that for 
small victuals and things so bought and taken, that is to say, under the 
sum of twenty shillings, that ready payment in hand be made ; and 
if our chief officers neglect to do this, we will and command that oar 
Treasurer of Ireland for the time being, pay the said price without 
difficulty, out of the fees which our said chief officers receive at our 
Exchequer of Dublin ; or else that so much be taken from the fee of 
the said Treasurer, and paid for the said victuals, for his default in this 
behalf; and that the purveyors deputed to purvey such victuals, 
make their corporal oath upon the Holy Gospels of God before our 
oouncil of Ireland, that they will purvey and take such victuals, where 
it may be done to the greatest advantage of us and our officers, 
and the least damage to our people, according to the form of our com- 
missions thereof to be made to them under our great seal of Ireland ; 
which contain the method and form of making such purveyances, 
according to the tenor of the statutes and articles aforesaid ; and that 
clause especially, " if they do otherwise, let it be done of them as 
of thieves " ; and that they take not fines or gifts from others, that 
they may spare them and injure others ; and that no victuals or other 
things be taken or purveyed, as is aforesaid, for the use aforesaid, 
by any commissions of our said chief officers under their seals, but only 
by commissions under our great seal of Ireland : and we will moreover 
that such purveyances be made by deliberation^ as well of our council, 
as of certain prudent and trustworthy persons among the chiefs of 
those neighbourhoods wherein they our said chief officers abide, 
or whereto they happen to come; so that the grievances in that 
behalf may cease, which have hitherto woefully oppressed our liege 
people of Ireland. But for the honour and worship of God and Holy 
Mother Church, we will not that any thing be taken in anywise in 
churches, or the endowments and fees of churches, to the use of us or 
those officers, either by those our officers, purveyors, or any others, 
against the will of the prelates or ecclesiastical persons or the guardians 
of their places and goods. 

V. Also, whereas through the default and neglect of our said chief 
officers, our peace in divers parts of the said land, as well without the 
marches as within the same, has been carelessly kept, whereby thieves, 
malefactors, and disturbers of the said peace being made bolder, have 
hitherto publicly committed manslaughters and robberies, as well in 

icxxi. edWahd til. 411 

lands of peace as in the marches, and have exacted fines and ransoms 

from divers men, that they might let them go in peace, and by threaten - 

ings to kill them and to bum their houses have extorted the same ; 

and thus in divers parts where peace has flourished, the march 

has become full of war and the people afflicted : we will and strictly The Josticiar 

'^ ^ ■' toenquireasto 

command that our Justiciar of Ireland who now is, or for the time being manslaughters, 

shall be, in every county where he shall hold his sessions, make diligent 

inquiries, concerning such manslayers and manslaughters, robbers and 

robberies, trespassers and trespasses, and those who exact and extort 

such fines and ransoms, and also concerning those who are called 

idle men, and malefactors who are also called kernes and their leaders, 

by whom the liege people of divers parts are oppressed and destroyed, 

and very many of them compelled to leave their own places, many 

times and often in the year, and cause the parties indicted to submit to 

justice, if he would avoid our indignation and the punishment due on 

our behalf. 

Moreover, we will and command that the residents in the country Residents m 

the oountry 
where it shall happen that such robbers and malefactors are wandering, shall make 

and committing robberies and thefts, make competent satisfaction robberies, &c. 

to those of the said country, who are robbed and plundered of their goods 

by the persons aforesaid, if they did not pursue such robbers and 

malefactors with hue and cry, nor have answered for their bodies, 

according to the form of the statute heretofore made and provided 

at Winchester ; and if the keepers of the peace in the counties of our Keepern of the 

said land of Ireland should be negligent in the execution of their office, SJJJiJhSi^or 

we will and command that frequent inquiry be held touching their negligence. 

neglect and careless conduct, by our Justiciar of Ireland ; and that he 

punish and chastise them, by imprisonment of their bodies, and by 

fines to be made with us, according to the manner, quality, and quantity 

of their faults, neglects, and offences. 

VI. Also, whereas by occasion of charters of pardon of felonies and Charters of 
trespasses, by those who have hitherto been our Justiciars of Ireland, SJtto granted, 
generally and improvidently granted, seditions,manslaughter8, robberies, SJfi^S^Jnts 
thefts, and trespasses have been more frequently committed, and other or oouncilti. 
evils innumerable have ensued thereupon ; we will and command 
that such charters be not granted from henceforth, except in parlia- 
ments or councils, by the assent and advice of the said parliaments 
and councils, having regard to the qualities of the persons and of the 
offences committed : provided that no general pardon be thereof Felonies to be 
granted, but that the felonies or trespasses committed be specified and pardona. 
expressed therein, according to the tenor of a certain statute by us and 
our council of England made, and sent into Ireland to be observed. 0*8.^^^*29?]* 



The council of 
Ireland. &c., to 
certif f into 
England only 
trae reports 
as to the state 
of Ireland. 

Marriave be- 
tween Enpliflh 
and Irish and 
fostering pro- 

Hayors and 
oiBoers of the 
staple not to 
exceed their 

Vn. Also, whereas our council of Ireland and certain prelates, 
magnatea, communities of cities and towns, and likewise others being 
messengers sent from Ireland, have by letters and suggestions untmlj 
certified us and our council in England from time to time, th*t 
good peace was preserved, in our said land of Ireland, and that peace 
in all parts or in divers marches had been re-established ; in which 
times there occurred greater manslaughters, burnings, and plunderings 
of the English marches and other mischiefs, from sudden invaaions of 
the enemy, than in times of wars ; and we confiding in such oer- 
tificatee, did not provide defences and other remedies, as behoved us, 
in convenient time, whereby divers countries are weakened and wasted ; 
the which deceits and delusions in such certificates we intend not to 
pass over in silence, but to punish ; we will, and under heavy for- 
feiture to us do command, that from henceforth no prelates, magnates, 
communities, or any others, for the avoiding of future dangers, dare 
or presume, upon the procurations of any of our officers or other- 
wise, to certify us and our council in such case, except of the truth of 
the fact ; and if they presume so to do, and be thereof found guilty, 
we shall cause them to suffer due punishment. 

VIII. Also, whereas by marriages and divers other ties and the 
fostering of infant children among the English dwelling in the marches, 
and the Irish, and by forewamings and espials made on both sides by 
the occasions aforesaid, infinite destructions and other evils have hap- 
pened hitherto, and the expeditions of us and of our Justiciars there 
in our name, as well in acts of war as in other useful progreeaes, have 
been impeded ; we will and command that such marriages, to he con- 
tracted between English and Irish, and other private ties and fostering 
of infant children, from henceforth cease, and be altogether done 
away ; and that our Justiciar of Ireland for the time being make diligent 
inquiry from time to time, of such marriages between English and 
Irish, ties and fostering of infants, and of the adherings togetJier, 
forewarnings and espials made by such occasions, if hereafter any 
happen to be contracted or made, and punish the offenders according 
to the law and custom of our land of Ireland. 

IX. Also, whereas the mayors, constables, and other officers of the 
staple of Ireland, by colour of the statute of the said staple, hold cogni* 
sance of, and make erroneous and unjust processes in, pleas of debts, 
trespasses, and divers other complaints, which concern not the merchan- 
dise of the staple, and of old causes before the time of the said stai^e, 
like as in matters and pleas of the staple, to the very grievous damage 
of our people of those parts : we will, and prohibiting command, that 
the said mayors, constables, or other officers of the said staple, do not 


hold any other pleas than those which belong U) them, according to 
the force, form, and tenor of the aforesaid statute of the staple ; and 
if they so do, that oiir said Justiciar from time to time thereof make 
inquiry, and duly punish the offenders. 

X. Also, whereas certain officers, both great and small, and the Ohampert^ 

Serjeants who plead in our courts there, and sometimes the clerks 

of the Places, notwithstanding the statutes enacted touching cham- 
perties, as well for gifts and bargains, as mutual covenants among them- 
selves and some of the parties pleading before them, to have the lands 
in plea when they should be recovered, have maintained, defended, 
and aided one of the parties ; so that commonly the land so in plea, 
and recovered through an error in justice, by the maintenance and aid 
of the aforesaid officers and Serjeants, has remained in the hands of 
some one of them, without his paying anything or but little for the 
same ; and thus the parties are cheated out of their land, and having 
lost the expenses incurred in the said pleas, have been brought to 
poverty or a miserable state ; we will and command, and strictly 
enjoin, under heavy forfeiture to us, and imder the penalties contained 
in the said statutes, that none of our officers great or small, Serjeants 
or any clerks whatever, make or carry on suoh maintenances, de- 
fences, or aids to parties upon such occasions against justice, nor 
acquire land so in plea, or attempt any thing else, against the form of 
the said statutes. 

XI. Also, whereas writs of debts and trespasses and other things be- ^u2n°**?S®** 
sides, which ought to be pleaded before our justices at common pleaded in 
law, are commonly pleaded in our Exchequer of Dublin by writs of 

the said Exchequer, whereby our Treasurer and Barons, and the clerks 
of the said Exchequer, being occupied about such pleas, are hindered 
from attending to the business of us and our people, which belongs to 
their offices in the said Exchequer, by the law and custom of the said 
Exchequer, whereby the said businesses are daily delayed, to the grievous 
damage of us and our people ; we will, and strictly enjoining do 
command, that such common pleas be not pleaded in the said Exchequer, 
contrary to the form of the statute thereof made and provided ; and 
that the Chancellor of the said Exchequer, if he do sign such writs at 
common-law, or do cause or suffer the same to be signed under the 
seal of the said Exchequer, for the contempt done unto us, and for the 
wrong brought upon the party, answer as he ought to do, before our 
Justiciar, either by our writ or by bill. 

XII. Also, whereas through false and untrue suggestions of certain Bills and 
persons of Ireland passing to and fro, having railing tongues, and g^^^*^'^' 
striving to injure the fame and reputation of our good officers »nd other ^JerCTeat 


i^al of Hege sabjects in those parts, as well by bills as suggestions, not without 

Justiciar, Ac, ^ scandal, the affairs of ns and our land are thereby often hindered ; 
enquiry?^ '^"^ ^® ^'^ '^^ ordain that from henceforth such bills and soggestioDa, 
when put into writing, be transmitted under the seal of the chan- 
cellor of England for the time being, to our Justiciar, Chancellor, and 
Treasurer of Ireland for the time being ; to the end that they, ciJHng 
unto them such others as they shall think meet to be called, in the 
presence of the said comers to and fro, or brokers, whom we do like- 
wise will to be sent back into Ireland, make diligent inqniry 
of the contents of such bills and suggestions aforesaid ; and if the bills 
and suggestions do contain truth, that they duly correct and amend 
the defaults. And if the said comers to and fro, and brokers have 
suggested falsehoods and lies, that they suffer due punishment, that 
such punishment may afford a warning to others to abstain from such 
things. . 
In treatioB of XIII. Also, although in the renewals of peace between our 
the Jujticiar^" Justiciar of Ireland and the Irish, upon the wars stirred up on either 
satlfifacUoD^' *^^®» *^ ^^^ ^^^^ commonly expressed that for damages caused by 
agreed on shall wrong-doers, peace broken, or mutual depredations done by invasions, 
exacted. restitution of goods or due satisfaction should be made to those who 

had suffered losses ; yet the Justiciars heretofore have not taken care 
to insist upon the making such satisfaction to the English 
injured, whereby the said English have been hitherto oppressed, and 
the enemies being thereby enriched, have been eager so much the sooner 
to break the peace, and to commit plunders and other direful evils; 
we will and strictly command, that the Justiciar of Ireland for the 
time being, when it shall have been ordained by peaces and treaties 
of peace, or otherwise, that such satisfaction should be made on either 
side, diligently insist and take care, that in such case, mutual justice 
and speedy satisfaction be done to those who have suffered injury in 
that behalf. 

XIV. Also, whereas the sheriffs of counties in Ireland have often 
and repeatedly by grievous distresses, levied of the people of their baili- 
wicks, many and divers debts of the green wax, and other debts arising 
upon summons and estreats, and otherwise in demands ; and have 
neither charged themselves in their accounts, nor, at the Exchequer 
aforesaid acquitted those who paid, to our great damage and the mani- 
fest oppression of the people ; we being minded to apply a remedy 

^^ T X. . in this behalf, do will and strictly command, that our Justiciar of Ireland 

The Justiciar 

of Ireland Bball for the time being, in every county in which he shall hold his sessions. 

King's debts diligently inquire, that is to say once ia the year at least, concerning 

shertflS.^^^ such debts so paid to the sheriffs by those of the people, whether once 


or more, that is to say, as well for the time past, as he shcdl deem ex-^ 
pedient, as for the time to come; and that all such debtr, which, by tallies 
or acquittances of the said sheriffs, or the under sheriffs or serjeants- 
general of those counties, or seneschals, or bailiffs, or other officers, 
or by inquests thereof to be taken or by other lawful means, it can 
be made appear, have been paid to them by those of the people, to- 
gether with the names of the receivers and payers, he cause to be en- And certify 
rolled and put into writing, and those rolls to be sent under his seal to names of 
the Exchequer aforesaid : to the end, that the Treasurer and Barons j^^en into" 
of the said Exchequer, upon inspecting those rolls, and examining ***® Exchequer, 
the rolls of accounts of those sheriffs and other officers aforesaid, there 
remaining, and other rolls and remembrances touching the premises, 
calling before them the sheriffs, officers, and others who should be called, 
cause the said sheriffs and officers to be charged with the sums which 
it may be made appear that they did so levy, without charging 
themselves in their accounts or otherwise for the same, and for 
the concealments in that behalf to be punished, and the payers of the Ezeheqaer to 
same to be acquitted at the said Exchequer ; and if the said debtors and acquit 
have paid one and the same debt many times, that the said sheriffs P^y®'** 
and officers or their heirs or executors, be compelled to restore the 
same beyond one receipt to the said debtors, their heirs or executors, gjj^u be com- 
as is just. And if the aforesaid Justiciar cannot attend to these matters, Efii^^S-e- 
being hindered from various causes, we will and command, that three payments. 
or two of the most trusty and lawful men of those counties be assigned, 
by commissions under our great seal which we use in Ireland, to inquire, 
and to do and fulfil all other things in the same article contained, in 
the form aforesaid. 

XV. Also, although many of our debtors have paid their debts re- Acquittances 
quired of them, at the aforesaid Exchequer, and have been discharged entered in 
and acquitted thereof in the great rolls of the said Exchequer, yet those ^1™?™*''*°^ 
debtors, in the rolls of the remembrancers of the said Exchequer, whence 
the exaction of those debts has issued, are not acquitted of the said 
debts ; whereby the very debts paid do almost daily run in demand, 
and they being so acquitted, nevertheless under pretext of exactions 
issuing from the remembrancers' offices, by grievous distresses, with 
grievous expenses and trouble, being compelled to come to the said 
Exchequer for this reason, and to plead, and to pay large suras for 
making searches in the said remembrancers* offices, are miserably 
oppressed ; we will therefore, and do strictly command, that the Treasurer 
and Barons of the Exchequer aforesaid, do enjoin and cause the en- 
groesers of the said Exchequer, when any such debtors have been made 
quit of debts in the said rolls, forthwith to show those acquittances 


to the aforeBaid remembrancers, and the said remembranoeTB to be 
thereof in like manner discharged and acquitted in their rolls ; under a 
heavy penalty, either pecuniary or otherwise, upcm those in whom 
neglect or omission in this behalf shall have been found, by onr said 
Justiciar and others of our council, in their discretion, to be imposed. 

The King's XVI. Also, whereas certain of our justices of Ireland have arrested, 

be taken or taken, and imprisoned divers men of Ireland great and small, by writs, 
tSs^juRttoeH ^ precepts, bills, and otherwise, at their will, and without indictments, 
tndkitments or P^^^^i^^i^oQ^f o^ ^^^ processes, and have detained them in dark prisons 
presentments, and bound in irons, until through duresses, imprisonments, and pen- 
alties inflicted, they made fines and ransoms with the said justices and 
their private counsellors and brokers according to their pleasure, 
to their own personal profit and not to ours, against the form of the 
Great Charter and other our statutes thereupon made, and against 
the law and custom of the said land ; so that by means of such private 
counsellors and their covetousness and personal profits, our rights and 
those of our Crown, and our profits have been often withdrawn, in- 
jured, subverted, and lost; and likewise many persons, as well those 
indicted as those not indicted, and imprisoned, have besought the 
said justices to have their deliverances according to the law and custom 
of the said land, which they could not obtain at the common law, until 
they made and paid in like manner such fines and ransoms with the said 
justices and their private counsellors, to receive for their own use and 
not for ours, for having their deliverances at common law, or gave 
them security for the same as contented them; we will and strictiy 
command, that men being our subjects, without indictments, pre- 
sentments, or other due processes, against the form of the charter and 
statutes aforesaid and the law and custom abovementioned, by our 
justices of Ireland, for the time being, or their deputies, or by 
their precepts, or mandates, or bills, by no means be taken or 
imprisoned. And if the contrary be done, as well for the time past 
as in future, we shall cause timely remedy to be applied against the 
offenders, according to the advice of our council, at the complaints of 
the parties aggrieved and making complaint. 
The Justieiar XVIL Also, whereas by the good and discreet government of officers, 
a^M^la^earl, ^^® ^^^^ *^^ people are strengthened, and affairs have a prosperous 
^^d others^**' issue, so by their neglect and carelessness unexpected evils arise, wrongs 

shall yearly happen, and businesses are in various ways obstructed, we wilL and 

enquire into rr ' ^ 

the conduct for the public weal of ourselves, and our land and people of Ireland, do 

officers. ordain, that our Justiciar of Ireland for the time being, taking imto 

him a prelate and an earl, of the parts neai^st to those where the 

inquests following ought to be made, and the Chancellor and Treasurer 


and certain others of the more learned justices of the Places, and 
Barons of the Exchequer there, every year about the middle of the year, 
by the oath of good and lawful men, as well clerks as knights 
and other lawful men of the county of Dublin, and also of 
other counties, if need be, of our said land of Ireland, make diligent 
enquiry concerning the actings and doings of our officers of the aforesaid 
land (the Chancellor, Treasurer, and Justices of both Places and Barons 
of the aforesaid Exchequer, who are judges in their own Places, and 
award judgments, alone excepted), that is to say, in what manner each 
of them bears himself in his office and does his duty, and how he 
does justice, or wrongs, or oppressions, or grievances, or damage unto 
us or our people, as well in the country as in his Place, by colour of 
his office or of royal commissions thereof made to him, or for gifts 
perverts justice or aggrieves any man, and of all circumstances and 
other things that cause damage or prejudice to us and wrong or griev- 
ance to our people. And of every of those things which shall be so found 
by such inquests, that he certify us and our council in England with- rpij^ij. proceod- 
out delay, under his seal and the seals of those so associated with *°S4fllS\o 41,^ 

him, and of those likewise by whom they shall have been made : we King and 

council m 
enjoining the said Justiciar that he take the said inquests every year England. 

in form aforesaid, and certify us thereof as aforesaid. Moreover 

we will, and in commanding ordain, that our said inferior officers The inferior 

(the greater officers being as aforesaid excepted), that is to say, each answer before 

of them at the end of every year if need be, and also, when they shall f J®tjJS?°**^ 

be removed from their offices, forthwith after such their removals, exceeseH. 

before the aforesaid Justiciar and the other persons aforesaid to be 

associated with hiiu, answer for their excesses and other matters 

aforesaid, as well at the suit of us as of our people, and of any private 

persons of the said people, and undergo justice according to the law 

and custom of our aforesaid land of Ireland ; which we will and command 

to be done by our said Justiciar. And that the said Justiciar and the 

others associated with him, likewise certify us and our council in England, 

as often as need be, of the state of our said land and of our affairs there, 

and of the acts of the officers aforesaid. 

XVIII. Also, although as well those English born in Ireland, The Justiciar 
, , ,,„.._,, of Ireland Bhall 

as those bom in England and dwellmg m Ireland, are true enquire of 

English, and live under our dominion and government, and use be^een"^ 

the same laws, rights, and customs, yet divers dissensions and main- EngSid and 

tenances. by reason of race, between those that are natives of Ireland Irish of English 

•^ oztraction. 

and those that are natives of England, have arisen and are made here 

and there, whence many evils have heretofore happened, and it is to 

be feared that greater will happen, unless a remedy be applied thereto ; 

2 E 


we will And strictly command that our said Justiciar, calling onto him 
our Chancellor and Treasurer of Ireland, and certain prelates and earls 
whom he shall think fit to be summoned when they shall be in the 
neighbouring parts, earnestly inquire many times and often, as need 
may be, concerning such dissensions and maintenances when they 
arise, and of the names of those who make such dia^nsions and main- 
of o^^orfc tenances and take part therein, and punish and chastise the delinquents, 
when they shall be thereof convicted or found guilty, due process 
being observed, by imprisonment of their bodies and heavy ransoms 
to be made to us, and otherwise as justice requires; because such 
dissensions and maintenances tend but to produce, by some means or 
other, schism, divisions, and treasons among the people subject 
to us. • 

Frauds, dbc., XIX. Also, whereas the farmers of the office of clerk of the market 

the clerkship ^^ Ireland, thirsting for their own private gains, do not execute t^e 
toS^enquired ^"^^ ^' ^^^ ****^ ^^^^* according to the form of the statute thereof 
°un^ had &o '"*^®> ^^or otherwise according to right ; but commonly, for fines 
and other ransoms, do not view nor examine the measures and other 
instruments pertaining to that office, nor break the falso nor seal the 
true, nor otherwise duly punish delinquents ; and very often, when 
fines are made to us before them, and amercements belonging to us 
are inserted in their rolls and enrolletl, do either cancel such finee and 
amercements to us belonging, by erasing the same from their roils, 
for money or other gifts paid to them by the offenders, or make new 
written rolls wherein they write not these fines and amercements so 
cancelled, but put them wholly out, and the fines and amercements that 
are made and not enrolled, they remit, and other deceits, extortions, 
oppressions, grievances, and excesses, as well unto us as our people in 
those parts all over Ireland, they do, and the same and other the things 
aforesaid, have done, remitted, and perpetrated, in contempt and 
prejudice of us and to the manifest destruction and injury of the said 
people, and against justice and the form of the statute aforesaid : 
we will and strictly command that our Justiciar of Ireland for the time 
being, in every county and place through which he shall pass, associating 
with him a prelate of the place, and some earl or other nobleman or 
knight of the neighbourhood, make enquiry concerning the aforesaid 
deceits, extortions, oppressions, grievances, and excesses, and all the 
matters aforesaid by the said farmers howsoever committed, and of 
all their acts and doings in this behalf, as well at the suit of us as of 
any others whomsoever willing to complain thereof, as well for the 
time past as for the time to come ; and proceed against them, and 
the contempts, deceits, extortions, oppressions, grievances, and excesses, 


And other the matters aforesaid, hear and determine, and the delin- 
quents and offenders when they shall be found such, punish and chastise, 
according to the law and custom of our land of Ireland before men- 
"tioned ; and nevertheless distinctly and openly, from time to time, 
for good cause certify us and our council in England, of the names 
of those so offending, and the deceits, extortions, oppressions, and 
grievances and other matters aforesaid, under the seals of him the said 
Justiciar and of the others associated with him. 

In witness whereof &c.. Witness the King at Westminster, the 
Twenty-fifth day of October. 

By the King himself and Council. 

2 E 2 


35 EDWARD lU. A.D. 1360. 
Pro Cleeucis db Nations Uibermioana.^ 

Fob Clerks op the Irish Race. 

The King to his Justiciar and Chancellor of Ireland, greeting. 
Whereas hearing lately by the constant relation of certain people, that 
divers losses and disadvantages have happened to us and our fiaithful 
subjects of the land of Ireland, by reason that mere Irish, as well ckrks 
as laymen, enemies to us, were appointed ministers and officiais in 
cities, burghs, towns, castles, and other places in the said land, and 
were preferred to canonries and prebends in cathedral churches within 
our lordship, and other ecclesiastical benefices among the £iighs]i« 
we commanded you that you should cause to be publicly proclaimed 
in the cities, burghs, market-towns, and other places in each oouniy 
of the said land, that no mere Irishman, being of the Irish race, should 
be made mayor, bailiff, janitor, or other official or officer in any 
place subject to us, nor that any archbishop, bishop, abbot, prior, or 
any other, being of our fealty, under forfeiture of all that he could forfeit 
to us, should by reason of relationship, affinity, or in any other way 
whatsoever, receive into a oanonry or prefer or admit to any ecdesiaBtical 
benefice among the English, any mere Irishman being of Irish race^ as 
is aforesaid, but that all benefices by whomsoever of them to be con- 
ferred should, when vacant, be conferred upon English clerka or others 
who are of our fealty and obedience in the said land. And whereas now, 
on behalf of the clerks of the Irish race who dwell among the English 
in the said land in our fealty and peace, prayer has been made to us 
by their petition before us and our council in our present Pariiajnent 
exhibited, that whereas they, as mere Irish our enemies, although they 
are not such, have been excluded from ecclesiastical preferment within 
the said land in our lordship, by virtue of the said proclamation, we 
should be willing to consider their condition and constancy in con- 
tinually and unswervingly abiding in our fealty, and to provide s 
remedy for them hereupon. And because it is not just, nor was it nor 
is it our intention, that clerks of the Irish race who have continuaUj 

The text. taVen from Close Boll. EngU ?5 Edward IQ., m. 10. is printed m 
Rymer'B Focdera^ Vol. UI^ |>art 2, p. 005, and in Prynne's AniriUidverfiotu (109). 
p. 206. 

XXiV. EDWARD tit 4^1 

and unBwerTingly remained in fealty and obedience to us. as others of 
English race, and still so remain, and of whose character and good 
behaTiour towards us and ours you shall have good information, should 
be reckoned as of the condition of our Irish enemies, or so excluded 
from their pireferment; we command you that you do not in aught 
molest or oppress any such Irish olerks,,our faithful subjects, on account Irish olerke of 
of the receiving or accepting of ecclesiastical benefices which are within loyaltv not to 
our lordship of the said land, or prelates or other patrons of the said fi-om eooles:- 
benefices by reason of the presentation or admission of such clerks, ^SS^oes, fto. 
our faithful subjects, to the same, nor allow them to be molested or 
oppressed by others our officers, so long as they behave themselves 
well and faithfully towards us and ours, as is aforesaid, the said procla- 
mations or any mandates whatsoever to the contrary to you directed 
notwithstanding. Witness the King at Westminster the fourth day of 

By the King himself and by petition of Parliament. 


35 EDWARD III. A.D. 1360. 


m. 14/.] 

SUtutum, nniDWARDUS dei gra Rex Angt Dns Hibn t AqaiL 
J_Li Justic Canccllar % Thes suis Hi^n qiii nunc sunt vel 
qui p tempe erunt saltm. Quia volum^ qd ordinacoes p nos 
^ coQsiliu nrin Angt fee in dca Pra nra * sc^io nro Dabliii 
teneant'' ^ obaeruent' « p totara Fram f^dcani publice pclamenf^ 
quaj^ ordinacouum tenor subsequif in hec vba. Ordeigne est 
p nre seign' le Roi * son conseil p*" meschefs * damages q 
sourdent de io*" en autre en la fre Dirlande p les enemvs 
Irreys « p*^ sauuer lestat du Roy en la dite fre q le tresor le 
Roy issaunt des pfitz de la dite Fre soit mientz gardez ^ 
emploie q nad este fait deuaunt ces heures, « q nuls regardes 
des Ministris ne des auPs ne soient g^untes a nully peone 
en Irlande sane la pisence ^ assent de Chauceller % Tresorer qi 
^rount illoeqes p^ le temps. Item q les viscontes de mesme la 
Pre ne soient faitz ne ordeignes si noun p eleccion des mientz 
vauex de cbescun Countee cest assa noire p dusze ou vynt % qatre 
quielx deiuent respoundre au Roy p*" eulx * p' leure faitz * p' la 
resceyte de leur temps sicome deuaunt cez heures estoit vsei 
ne q les custumers ne soient faitz ne remuez p pcurement de 
nully sil ne soit p Tresorer ♦ Barons de lescheqer selonc la 
forme de lestatut ent faite. Item p cause de di&sez damages 
% pdes q le Roy ad encoru p fauses enquestes pris p leacheteoui 
de la dite Pre, ordeyne est q lescheteour qore est illoeqes soit 
ouste. « q chescune viscounte dedeinz sa baillie soit charge del 
office de eschetery a respoundre au Roi d&s issues de mesme 


35 EDWARD III. A.D. 1360. 

EDWARD by the grace of God, King of England, lord of statute. 
Ireland and Aquitaine, to his Justiciar, chancellor and 
treasui'er of Ireland, who now are or who for the time shall be, 
greeting. Whereas it is our will that the ordinances by us 
and our council of England made, should be held and 
observed in our said land and in our Exchequer of Dublin, and 
through our entire land aforesaid should be publicly pro- 
claimed, the tenor of which ordinances follows in these 
words ; 

It is ordained by our lord the King and his council, on I. 

account of the mischiefs and damaires which from dav to day ^^^^ ?' ^^ 

^ " ^ King's Undi. 

anse in the land of Ireland through the Irish enemies, and to 

save the King's estate in the said land, that the King's treasure 

issuing from the profits of the said land be better kept and 

employed than has been done heretofore, and that no rewards 

of officers nor of others be granted to any person in Ireland, 

without the presence and assent of the chancellor and treasurer 

who for the time shall be there. 

Also that the sheriffs of the said land be not made nor II. 

ordained except by election of the most worthy of each county, SheriflTg to be 
to wit, by twelve or twenty -four, who ought to answer to the each county, 
King for them and for their acts and for the receipts of their ^^' 
time, as heretofore was used ; and that the customers be not 
made nor i-emoved by the pi-ocurement of any person except it 
iDe by the treasurer and barons of the Exchequer, according to 
the form of the statute thereupon made. 

Also by reason of divers damages and losses which the King III. 

has incurred bv false inquests taken by the escheator of the Sheriffs to act 

as escheators. 
said land, it is oixlained that the escheator who now is there be 

removed, and that every sheriff within his bailiwick be charged 

with the office of escheatorship, to answer to the King of the 


Lescheterie come ait este faict auaunt cez heures, et q l^ 
Tresorer Dirlande qi p le temps ?ra face enquere p lui ou p 
ses deputez deuaunt q les viscountes soient resceuz daeompte 
rendre del office del Escheterie si les enquestes de mesme 
loffice p eux prises soient duement faites p*^ le pfit le Roy ou 
nemie, et si troue soit q elles ne soient duement faites q le dit 
Tresorer ou ses deputes enquergent de nouel selonc ce cj 
mieuls verront q soit p"^ piyt du Roy. Item ordeigne est q 
nulles Fres esteaunn en la maine du Roi p'^ dettes dues au Roi, 
ne nulles gardes ne mariages ne soient g^ntez comises ne 
lessetz a nuUy sil ne soit p assent du Tresorer qi p'^ le temps 
?ra illoqesy ne q nulles acomptes de gages de guerre ne soient 
receus ne oiez p bref dacompl^ dicelles forsq^ tantsoulemt p Je 
Clerk de gages a ce iurre, ne q nule mafie de guerre soit pris 
ne comencie p les Justices sauns assent n^- auis du Chaouceller 
Tresorer « auFs du conseilt le Roi en celles pties. Item 
ordeigne est q les Seneschaulx ^ Resceiuo*'s de les demeiane 
Pres du Roi en la dite tVe soient faites deaore p lauis « 
oixlinance du Chaunceller * Tresorer * auPs du conseilt le Roi, 
et en cas q oeux q sount ore Seneschaux <r Receiuo's des ditz 
Pres ne soient mie couenables ne suffisaunce soient saunx debie 
oustes % auPs mys en lo*^ lieux p lauis « ordinance auauntditz. 
Item p' ce q pluso's qount eu comission du g^nt seal ou del 
Escheqer de Irlaude ou en autre mafie de s^uere % hastier la 
leue des dettes le Roy souentefoitz receynent meismes les 
dettes ou ptie dicelles <^ p cause qen lo' comission nest pas fait 
mencion de receyt des ascune deniers si nount il mye deuaunt 
ces heures acomptu a lescheqer naillo^'s de lo*^ receytez diaauntz 
qils ne sount mie tenuz dacompter p lo' comission de qei le 

XXXV. EDWARD 111. 426 

isHiies of thesaid escheatorship, as has been done heretofore ; 
and that the Treasurer of Ireland who for the time sliall be, Inquests 
make inquiry by himself or by his deputies, before that the ^b auch. 
sheriffs be received to render account of the oflSce of the 
escheatorship, whether the inquests of the said ofl&ce by them 
taken be duly made for the Kind's profit or not, and if it 
be found that they are not duly made, that the said treasurer or 
his deputies inquire anew, according to that which seems to 
them best for the King's profit. 

Also it is ordained that no lands being in the King's hands jy, 

for debts due to the King, nor any wardships or marriages, be As to letting 

, .11 1.111°^ lands in the 

granted, committed or let to any person, unless it be by the King's hands. 

assent of the treasurer who for the time shall be there, and 

that no accounts of war pay be received or heard by writ to Accounts of 

account for the same, except only by the clerk of the [war] ^^^ P^y* 

pay thereto sworn, and tha.t no manner of war be undertaken ^^ ^^ ^.^ 

or commenced by the justices without the assent and advice of out consent 

the chancellor, treasurer, and others of the council of the King 

in those parts. 

Also it is ordained that the seneschals and receivers of the V. 

demesne lands of the King in the said land, be appointed from Appointment 
henceforth by the advice and ordinance of the chancellor &c., of King's 
and treasurer and others of the council of the King. And in 
case those who are now seneschals and receivers of the said 
lands be not fitting or sufficient, that they be removed without 
delay and others put into their places, by the advice and 
ordinance aforesaid. 

Also forasmuch as many who have had commission of the VX. 

ffreat seal or of the Exchequer of Ireland, or in other manner Accounts of 
* ^ levying the 

to oversee and dispatch the levying of the King's debts, often- King's debts 

times receive the said debts or part thereof, and because that ^^ the^° ^'^^^^ 

in their commission there is not mention made of the receipt Exchequer. 

of any moneys, therefore they have not heretofore accounted at 

the Exchequer or elsewhere for their receipts, saying that they 

are not bound by their commission to account, whereby the 


Roy ad eu ^unt pde t damage en temps passe * plus enat^a 
de io^ en autre, si ent remedie ne soit fait, p quei ordeignc est 
p*" tiel pde % damage escheure q toutz oeux qont eu ou a^s 
ces heures afiount tiels comissiouns de lueer % hastier la lenee 
des dettes le Roi rendent accompte a Lescheqer de Djueljn 
des deniers % autres choses dii Roy p eux receuz « a reoeuirp 
« as dites acomptes rendre soient p le Tresorer « Barons de] 
escheqer p pcesse de mesme Lescheqer oompals * destreintz 
en la plus redde maffe come home poet resonablement sils ne 
▼oillent venir de gree nient contreesteaunt q lo' cdmiHsiouns 
ne faoent mencion de nult i-eceytf. Item p** ce^q les viscontes 
8' le rendre de lo' acomptes a Lescheqer se excusent souent de 
rendre lo** acomptcis p cause q oeux qoiuit les g^tz fancies 
as queux les refnes des maundementz « l^ceptz le Roy sent p 
les viHcontes lifies, ne sont mie a celle temps ^stez p^ anower 
lo' ref'nes, * issint sont les dettes le Roi en*defaute des dite 
-fiantz g*ntement delaiez dont lo Roy ad encoru g^nt damage 
p celle cause, si est ordeigne q tons ceux q tienent tielx fancies 
en fee ou en autre mafle soient artez ^ destreintz destre s*^ 
lacompte des viscontes p' auower lo*" refnes. Et sils ue 
veignent mie a io*" a eux s*" ce done tout eient il dont estre 
destreintz ou neient point, soient les liancies pris en la main 
le Roy ^ ceux qi les tenoient ent oustez de tout, ^ soient 
mesmes les .^iancies issint piises en la main le Roy baillez as 
auPs ^iantz couenables % sufBsauntz p lauis « descrecion dn 
Chanceller, Tresorer % Barons del Escheqer. Et ideo Tobia 
% cuiliBt vrm iniungim^ « mandam^ qd omes ordinacoes fidcas 
in ira Sra |^dca in locis vbi expedire videritis, tarn infra 
llBtates q'^m extra publice pclamari % in eadem fra ac dco 


King has had great loss and damage in time past, and will have 
more daily, if remedy be not made therein. Wherefore, to 
avoid such loss and damage, it is ordained that all those who 
have had or hereafter shall have such commissions to oversee 
and despatch the levying of the King's debts, render account 
at the Exchequer of Dublin of the moneys and other matters of 
the King by them received and to be received, and be com- 
pelled and distrained to render the said accounts, by the 
treasurer and barons of the Exchequer, by process of the said 
Exchequer, in the most speedy manner that they reasonably 
can, if they will not come of their own accord, notwithstanding 
that their commissions do not make mention of any receipts. 

Also M'hereas the sheriffs, upon the rendering of theii- vil. 
accounts at the Exchequer, often excuse themselves from Holders of 
rendering their accounts by reason that those who have great jeanties to 
serjeanties, to whom the returns of the King's mandates and ^^^J^'^ 
precepts are delivered by the sheriffs, are not at that time accounts, 
ready to avow their returns, and so by default of the said 
Serjeants, the King's debts are greatly delayed, whereby the 
King has incuiTed great damage from this cause. Therefore 
it is ordained that all those who hold such serjeanties in fee or 
in any other manner be compelled and distrained to attend 
upon the account of the sheriffs, to avow their I'eturns. And 
if they do not come uiK>n the day to them thereupon given, 
whether they have whereof to be distrained or not, that the 
serjeanties be taken into the King's hand, and those who held 
them be entirely removed therefi'om for ever, and that the 
said serjeanties so taken into the King's hand, be committed 
to other Serjeants fitting and sufficient, by the advice and 
discretion of the chancellor, treasurer, and barons of the 

And therefore we enjoin and command you and every of 
you, that you cause all the aforesaid ordinances in our land 
aforesaid, in the places where it shall seem best, as well within 
liberties as without, publicly to be proclaimed, and in the said 

428 EARLY StATtrrtS OF ittEtAND. 

ao^^o Dublin finniP teneri % obluari « in rottti eiuadem 8c*cii 
irrotulari, « yob ^fate Thes ^aenies tras ia dco sc*cio saluo 
custodiri fac. Tn cm' rei testijnoniu has tras iiraa fieri fedm^ 
patentes. T*. me i^ apud Westm quarto die Marcii anno r n 
triceumo quinto. 

p if^m Be^. 


land and in the said Exchequer of Dublin firmly to be held 
and observed, and in the rolls of the said Exchequer to be 
enrolled, and that you the aforesaid Treasurer, cause these 
present letters in the said Exchequer safely to be kept. In 
witness whereof we have caused these our letters to be made 
patent. Witness myself at Westminster, the fourth day of 
March, in the thirty-fifth year of our reign, 

By the King himself. 


40 EDWARD III A.D. 1366. 

[Carew MS. 603,/o;. 165-172— Library, Lambeth Palace.]^ 

The statutf of killkenny eaacted att a parlimeut held under 
Lionell Duke of Clarence son to kinge Ed : 3 : in 

GOME a la conquest de la ten-e dirland ^ long temps 
apres les Engleis de la dit terre vserent la lang 
morture * * vesture Engleis % furent governez et reulez et 
lo' subgits appellez Betaghez p la lei Engleis en quel temps 
Dieu et st. Esglise et lo** franchises solonc lo'' condicions 
tenuz en subiection et ore plusors Engleis de la dit terre 
gueppLssant la lang gis monture leys et vsages Engleis vjuent 
et se governeni^ as manors guise et lang des Irrois enemies et 
auxiant out fait dii^s mariages « aliaunces enter eux et les 
Trroies enerayes au^untditz dont la dit terre et le lieg people 
de icelle la lang Engloies ligcance a ni'e seigno' le Roy due et 
lez leis Engleis illoeq** sont mis en subjection * retretz t^ les 
enemy es Irroies enhanser * releuez encontra i^eson : fire ^^ le 
Roy considerantz les mischief(> suisditz p** les gi'evouses 
•pleintz des coes de sa dit terre appellen a son pliam' tenus a 
Kilkeny le Joesdy pschin aprez le feste de Cendres Ian de son 
roialme quarantisnre ^ devant son i; fame * fitz Leonell Due de 
Clarence son Lieutenant es pties dirland al honure de dieu et 
de sa gloiiouse meere * de seint Esglise et p^ la bone 
governem* de la dit terre et quiete du people et p*" les leies 
mult gai-der et lez mefressoui*s chastier si sont ordinez et 
estahliez p nre dit f'*' le Roy et son dit lieutenant et le 
Counseil nre seigno"^ le Roy illoeques del assent des 
Ercevesq*' Evesquas Abbeii et Pio" en ce q® apptient a eux 
de assente*" Comitez Barouns * aut*"s coes de la dit cerre a dit 

^ This transcript of the Statute baa been collated with Lambeth MS. 
608, fol. 1-8, and with TituB B. XI., fo]. 129, Brit Mus. 
> numture in MS. in B. Mus. 

9 Lan quaranUeme de son Beigne in MS. B. Mus. 
* tres aime in MS. B. Mus. 


40 EDWARD HI. A.D. 1366. 

The Statutes op Kilkenny. 

WHEREAS at the couquest of the land of Ireland, 
and for a long time after, the English of the said 
land used the English language, mode of riding and apparel, 
and were governed and iniled, and their subjects called 
Betaghes, by the English law, in which time God and Holy 
Church, and their francliises according to their conditions were 
maintained [and themselves lived] in subjection ; but now 
many English of the said land forsaking the English language, 
fashion, mode of riding, laws and usages, live and govern 
themselves according to the manners, fashion, and language of 
the Irish enemies ; and also liave made divers marriages and 
alliances between themselves and the Irish enemies aforesaid ; 
whereby the said land and the liege people thereof, the 
English language, the allegiance due to our lord the King, and 
the English laws there, are put in subjection and decayed, and 
the Irish enemies exalted and raised up, contrary to right ; our 
lord the King considering the mischiefs aforesaid, in consequence 
of the grievous complaints of the commons of his said land, sum- 
moned to his Pai'liament held at Kilkenny, the Thursday next 
after Ash Wednesday, in the fortieth year of his reign, [18 
Feb. 1366] before his well-beloved son Lionel Duke of Clarence, 
his lieutenant in the parts of Ireland, to the honour of God 
and of his glorious Mother, and of Holy Church, and for the 
good government of the said land, and quiet of the people, and 
for the better observance of the laws, and punishment of 
evil doers, there are ordained and established by our said lord 
the King, and his said lieutenant, and our lord the King's 
council there, with the assent of the archbishops, bishops, 
abbots, and priors (in that which appertains to them to assent 
to), the earls, barons, and others the commons of tKe said land 


plem* illoeq** eBceantf ^. assembles les ordinaucez et articles 
desouth escriptz a tener et garder ppetuelment sur lez peynes 
contenus en ycelles. 

1. Primerment ordine aocorde est et estabile q^ seint Elsglise 
soit franc et eit toutz ses franchises sauns emblemisenient 
solonc le frauchises ordines ^ grauntz p lire ^^^ le Roy on aes 
pgenito'* p estatut ou ordinaunce fait en Angliterre ou en 
Ireland au'^nt ses heures ^. si ascun q® dieu defend veigne al 
encontre ^. p le oixlinai-e de lieu p celle cause soit esooinge 
issint q* si gree ne soit fait a Dieu et seint Esglise p la ptie 
issint esooinge dedeins le mois aprez tiel escoingement q* 
adonq** apres certification b^ ceo fait p le dit ordinare &i la 
Chauncellere soit bre ^ maunde a viscont maier seneschall de 
f rauchise ou altre ministres nre seigno'' le Boy de prendre son 
corpus et tenier en p^son sanz luy mistre^ p mainpris on 
enbaile tanq^ greo soit fait a Dieu et seint Esglise nient 
contristant q^ les quarant io** ne soit passez et q® nul phibicion 
de la Chaunc soit desormes graunte a nulluy suit encontre la 
fraunchise de seint Esglise salvantz toutz foitz le droit nre 
seigno' le Roy * de sa coroner^ issint q® les frauchises de seint 
Esglise ne soit e^uez ou emblemis et in case q*" p suggestion de 
ptie phibicion soit graunte q" tantost monstra p le ordiner le 
article de la fraunchise en la chauncellerie consultacion ent a 
luy 8a"nz delay soit graunte. 

2. Item ordine est et estabile q^ nul alliance p mariadge 
compaPnitee nurtur de enfantz concubinaiice ou de caif^ ne de 
altre manere desormes soit fait pentre Engloyes et Irroies de 
vn ptee ne de altre pte. Et q® nul home Engleys ne alfe 
psone a la pees esceant ne donne ne vende a nully Irroies en 
temps de pees ne de guerre chivavx ne Anno' ne mafi de 
vittaile en temps de giierre. Et si ascun veigne al encontre 
et de ceo soit Atteint eit Judgement de vie et de membre coo 
traito'' nre I**' le Roy. 

' incontenani inserted here in MS.B. Mas. ' mettre in the other MSS. 
• corone in MS. B. Mus.. From Gaelic ooumh. 


at the said parliament there being and assembled, the or- 
dinances and articles under written, to be held and kept 
perpetually upon the penalties contained therein. 

Firstly, it is ordained, agreed, and established, that Holy I. 

Church be free, and have all her franchises without infringe- Ef^^ ^^, 

' ^ Holy Church, 

ment, according to the franchises ordained and granted bj our 

lord the King, or his progenitors, by statute or ordinance hei-e- 

tofore made in England or in Ireland ; and if any (which God 

forbid) do to the contrary, and be excommunicated by the 

Ordinary of the place for that cause, so that if satisfaction be 

not made to God and Holy Church by the party so excommu- Satisfaction 

moated, within the month after such excommunication, that excommuni- 

then, after certification thereon made by the said Ordinary, cft^d- 

into the Chancery, a writ be sent to the sheriff, mayor, }^ default, 

seneschal of franchise, or other officers of our lord the King, to ment, 

take his body, and keep him in prison without letting him out 

by mainprise or bail, until satisfaction be made to God and 

Holy Chuixjh, notwithstanding that the forty days be not 

passed : and that no prohibition of the Chancery be henceforth No prohibi- 

granted at the suit of any against the franchise of Holy chancery. 

Church ; saving always the right of our lord the King and of 

his crown, so that the franchises of Holy Church be not Saving the 

diminished or infringed ; and in case that by suggestion of the ^^^ * "** 

party, prohibition be granted, that as soon as the article of the Suggestion. 

franchise shall be shown by the Ordinary in the Chancery, 

consultation thereupon be granted to him without delay. Consultation. 

Also it is ordained and established, that no alliance by II. 

mariiage, gossipred, fostering of children, concubinage or by ^^ alliance by 
amour, or in any other manner, be henceforth made between between Eng-' 
the English and Irish on the one side or on the other. And ^* *° "® * 
that no Englishman, or other person, being at i>eace, give 
or sell to any Irish, in time of peace or war, horaes or armour, 
or any manner of victuals in tune of war. And if any do to 
the contrary, and thereof be attaint, that he have judgment of 
life and limb, as a traitor to our lord the King. 

2 ¥ 


3. Itm ordiue est ^ estabile q** chescun Engleys vse la lang 
Englies et soit nome p nome Englejs enterlessant oulterm* Ia 
manere de noiBe use p Irroies et q® chescan Englejs vse la 
manere guise monture et appeill Eagleis solonc son eslat ^ 
si nul Engleys ou Irroies conusant entre Engleys use la lang 
Irroies entre eux-mesmes encontre ceste ordinance * de ceo 
soit atteint soint sez terres "^ Tentz^ sil eit seisiz en les maines 
son -f *°' immediate tanq® q" veigne a vn des places nre #** \e 
Roy et trove sufficient seurtee de ^ndre et vser la lan^ 
Engleis * adonq** eit restitucion de sez ditz terres p bre aisi^ir 
hors de la dit placee en cas q« tiel pson niet terres ne Tentz- 
soit son corps pris p ascuns de ministres nre €°^ le Hot et 
mauude a la proschin gaole illoeq** a dem'er tang^ q' ou 
autre en son nome trove sufficient seurtee en ia manere 
suisdce. Et q® nul Engleis q** a la value de c" ^ des terres 
ou Tenem**^ ou de rent p anch mache ^ autrement q" en seale 
en guyse de Engleis * celluy q** fera le contraere * de ceo soit 
atteint soit son chivall forfait a iire seigno** le Roy « son 
corpus a la p^son tanq® q" face fine a la volunte de Roy p le 
contempt suisdit et auxiant q*' les bnfioers de seint Esglise 
con&santz entre Engleis vse la langue Engleis "^ siiz ne faoent 
eient lo' ordinaries les issues de lo** bnfic(' tanq® ilz vsent la 
lang Engleis en le manere suisdit et eient respit de la lang 
Engleis apprendre et de selles ^ueier entre cy et le feste de 
seint Michell pschin auen**. 

4. Item p' ceo q° difisitie de governaunce de^ difiae leis 
en vne terre fait difisitie de ligeance et debatf entre le people, 
accorde est et establi q® nul Engleis eiant debates on autre 
Engleis desormes face namer ue |tigne gadge destresse ne 
vengeaunce s' aut' dount le i>eople p^^ra estre trouble mes 

^ BerUea in MS. B. Mus. * These words not in MS. B. Mu^ 

'-^ BerUes in MS. B. Mus. ^ an ckavauehe in the other M$$. 

3 c* in the other MSS. • et in the other MSS. 

XL. EDWARD £11. 435 

Also, it ia ordained and established, that every Englishman II [. 

use the* English language, and be named by an English name, Kiiglish to use 

leaving off entirely the manner of naming used by the Irish ; language and 

and that every Englishman use the English custom, fashion, "f ^^jn^ anfi 

mode of riding and apparel, according to his estate ; and if any apparel. 

English, or Irish living amongst the English, use the Irish 

language amongst themselves, contrary to this ordinance, and 

thereof be attaint, that his lands and tenements, if he have ^?"?^*'y °^ 

any, be seized into the hands of his immediate lord, until he 

come to one of the Places of our lord the King, and find suffi- 
cient surety to adopt and use the English language, and then 
that hp have restitution of his said lands, by writ to issue out 
of the said Place. In case that such person have not lands or 
tenements, that his body be taken by some of the officers of 
our lord the King, and committed to the next gaol, there to 
remain until he, or another in his name, find sufficient surety in 
the manner aforesaid. And that no Englishman who has to the 
value of one hundred shillings of lands or tenements, or of rent 
by the year, ride otherwise than on a saddle in the English 
fashion, and he that shall do the contrary and be thereof 
attaint, that his hoi*8e be forfeited to. our lord the King, and 
his body committed to prison, until he make fine according to 
the King*s pleasure, for the contempt aforesaid. And also, that 
beneficed persons of Holy Church, living amongst the English, 
use the. English language; and if they do not, that their 
Ordinaries have the isnues of their benefices until they use the 
English language in the manner aforesaid ; and that they have 
respite in order to learn the English language, and to provide 
saddles, between this and the feast of Saint Michael next 

Also, whereas diversity of government and divei-s laws in IV. 

one land cause diversity of allegiance and disputes among The common 
the people, it is agreed and established, that no English by the Eng- 
having disputes with other English, henceforth make distraint ^^e Brehon 

or take pledge, distress or vengeance against any other, or the 

March law. 
whereby the people may be troubled, but that they sue each 

2 f2 


suyent vers autres a ]a coe lei et q° nul Engleis soit reule es 
diffinition de l"*" debatf p lei de M*rche no de Breon q* p 
reason ne doit estre noiue lei eins malueis custiime mez soient 
reulez come droit est p coe lei de la terro come les liges nre 
f**^ le Roy et si ascuus face a le encountre ^ de ceo soit atteint 
soit pris et enp*sone ^ lugge come Traito' * q® nul difisitie de 
ligeance desormes soit fait entre lez Engleis nees en Ireland 
et les Engleis nees en Engleteri*e appellantz Englishobbe ou 
liishdogg mes toutz soient appellez p vn noim les Engleis liges 
nre #***" le Roy * celluy q^ s^ra trove alencountre soit puny p 
imp^sonm^ dun an et puis mnt al a volunte du Roy ^ p oeste 
oixlinanoe il nest lentent fire #*^^ le Roy q" list a chescuiiy 
q" purra prendre destresse p' s'vices « Rentz a eux duez * p*^ 
damadge fessant come la coe ley deraaunde. 

5. Item p' ceo q*' la lieg people iire #****■ le Roy de sa Pre 
dirland ne les guerres de mesme la terre ne p^ont resonablem^ 
estre govemez saunz resonablement orden*" la vent dee vittaills, 
ordeine est et establie q^ nichaundizes q*" sont venus on 
vendront a la dee terre p q"conqs merchantz a q** port ville 
ou Citie q"" arryuei'ent q*' au*'nt ceo q* lez ditz marchandiDes 
soient mys a vent q*^ le maire suffreyn Baily ou autre ministre 
q*^ eit la garde de le lieu ou lez ditz n^chandises s^'ront venduz 
facent ven^ deu^nt eux deux de les pluis prodes homes % 
sufficeantz de mesme le lieu q^ ne mellent riens de teux 
merchandises "r le dit maier seneschall suffi-eyn ou Baily ove 
les ditz deux psones facent vener dev'^t eux les merchauntz 
a quex les ditz ntchaundises sont % les mariners ^ soient 
iurretz de loialm* dire et mustrer de^ fiere de le primer acat de 
lez ditz nJchaundises '^ des costages s'^ ycells tanq* a porte et 
s' ceo p lez ditz uiaire Seneschall Baily ou Prouost et lez deux 
prodes homes au*ntditz soit resonable pris mis s^ les ditz 

1 h in MS. B. MuB, 

XL. EDWARD in. 437 

other at the eoramon law, and that uo English be governed 
in the settlement of their disputes by March or Brehou 
law, which by right ought not to be called law, but bad 
custom ; but that they be governed, as right is, by the common 
law of the land, as the lieges of our lord the King ; and if any 
do to the contrary, and thereof be attaint, that he be taken 
and imprisoned, and adjudged as a traitor. And that no 
difference of allegiance henceforth be made between the English No difference 
born in Ireland, and the English born in England, by calling English bom 
them English hobbe, or Irish dog, but that all be caUed by one j^nti'ybMe 
name, the English lieges of our lord the King, and that he who born in 
shall be found doing to the contrary be punished by imprison- 
ment for a year, and afterwards fined, at the King's will ; and 
by this ordinance it is not the intention of our lord the King 
but that it may be lawful for any one who can, to take distress 
for services and rents due to them, and for damage feasant, as 
the common law requires. 

Also, whereas the liege people of our lord the King, of his V. 

land of Ii'eland, or the wai-s of the same land, cannot reasonably Mode of fixing 

' "^ pnceBof 

be controlled, unless the sale of victuals be reasonably regu- merchandise. 

lated, it is ordained and established as to the merchandises 

which have come, or shall come, to the said land by whatsoever 

merchants, at whatever port, town or city they shall arrive, that 

before the said merchandises be put up to sale, the mayor, 

sovereign, bailiff, or other officer who has the ward of the 

place where the said merchandises shall be sold, o:tuse to come 

before them two of the most discreet and sufficient men of the 

said place, who meddle not in such merchandises, and that the 

said mayor, seneschal, sovereign or bailiff, with the said two 

persons, cause to come before them the merchants to whom the 

said merchandises belong, and the sailors, and that they be 

sworn lawfully to tell and show the amount of the prime cost of 

the said merchandises, and of the costs on the same to the port, 

and thereupon that a reasonable price be put upon the said 

merchandises by the said mayor, seneschal, bailiff or provost, 

and by the two discreet men aforesaid, without showing favour, 


Alchandises saunz favo' faire come ilk p'roit alvouer deirtit 
le Counseill nre i'^'*^ le Roy celles pties % a tieux prises soit 
venduz sauns pluis prendre s' foifaite' de ycelles coment q** 
les ditz merchaundises illoeq" deueigm* a chars apreff. 

6. Item p*" ceo q® terre qest in guerre bussoigne q* 
chescuny sa face able p*" soy defende ordeigne est et establie 
q® les coes de la dit terre dirland qest en diSse m^ches de 
guerre ne vsent de sormes les Jues q*^ home appelle horling( 
one graundz bastons a pillot s' la terre dont graundes males 
et maymes sont auenuz en enfeblenient de la defense de la 
dit terre * altres Jues q*^ home appelle Coitingf einz se afforcent 
« adressent de vseer * treer^ lez arkf * gettyr les launces et 
altres gentiles Juyes q*^ apptinent as armes dont les Irroies 
enemyes p lez liges coes celles pties puissent le meoltz estre 
arrestus. Et si auscun face ou vse le contrarie ^ de ceo soit 
atteint, soit piis et enprison et reint a la volunte nre ^^^ le 

7. Item p^ ceo q'^ p conspiracies confedracies compties' 
maintenes de quarell falx Jurro" receyvo"^ dampptes* en 
quareUes les liges coes de la dee terre en p'suit en lo' di-oitz 
sount mult disturbez grevez et disheritz^, ordine est et estabile 
q** de ceux soit fait en chescun Countie p les Justicf a tener 
le plees en le chief place diligent inquisition et de lo^ 
mainteyno" % soit duhe * redde execution fait difls eux q* ent 
s'roit atteintz solonc la forme de lestatut ent fait en Engleterre 
saunz fine ou redemption de eux prendre q® altres p tiel 
redemption susnt abbaiz desyorible ^ chose ou grevaunce de les 
ditz liges coes encontre ley faire ou mainteyn*". Et q* s*" ceo 
le Ercevesq*' Evesques de la dit terre chescun dedeinz sa 
dioc eient lez tres Patent(> nre ^^^' le Roy de la Chaunc dirland 
denquerer des articles au*ntditz q*unt lo*" plerra. Et s*" ceo 

1 tirer in MS. B. Mus. * This word not in MS. B. Mus. 

^ champertiet in MS. B. Mus. ^ These words not in MS. B. Mus. 

' liestemomours in MS. B. Mus. '^ de si horriUe. 


as they may be able to avow before our lord the King's 
council of those parts ; and that they be sold at such prices, 
without taking more, upon forfeiture of the same, although the 
said merchandises should there become at charge afterwards. 

Also, whereas a land, which is at war, requires that every vi. 

person do render himself able to defend himself, it is ordained Uur lings 

and established, that the commons of the said land of Ireland, yg^ of ^o^ 

who are in divers marches of war, lise not henceforth the f ^^ lances to 

be encouraged, 
games which men call hurlings, with great clubs at ball upon 

the ground, from which great evils and maims have arisen, to 

the weakening of the defence of the said land, and other games 

which men call coitings, but that they apply and accustom 

themselves to use and draw bows and throw lances, and other 

gentle games which appertain to arms, whereby the Irish 

enemies may be the better checked by the liege commons of 

these parts ; and if any do or practice the contrary, and of this 

be attaint, that he be taken and imprisoned, and fined at the 

will of our lord the King. 

Also, whereas by conspiracies, confederacies, champerties, vil. 

maintainei'S of suits, false swearers, receivers of damages in Punishment 

suits, the liege commons of the said land in pursuit of their ^^ iMtm^ 

riffhts are much disturbed, aggrieved and disherited : it is or- taine™. false 
^ > oo > swearers, &c. 

dained and established, that diligent inquiry be made of those 

in every county by the Justices for holding pleas in the Chief 

Place, and of their maintainers, and that due and expeditious 

execution be made against those who shall be attainted thereof, 

according to the form of the statute in this respect made in 

England, without taking fine or redemption of them ; that 

others, by such i*edemption, may be deterred from doing or 

maintaining so horrible a thing, or injury of the said liege 

commons, contrary to law. And that thereupon, the archbishops 

and bishops of the said land, each within his diocese, have 

letters patent of our lord the King, out of the Chancery of 

Ireland, to inquire of the articles aforesaid, when it shall please 

them. And, thereupon, according to the law of Holy Church, 


solonc ]a lei de seint Esglise proceder difis eux p les censurs 
* de certifier en la dit Chaiinc las nomis q^ s'oQt deu*nt eax 
ent troves ooulpables issiat q"^ Fire seigno' le Roy al hon' de 
dieu et de Saint Esglise governaunce de ses leys ^ salvacion 
de son dit people p^'ra ent fairo duhe punishm*.^ 

8. Item p*" ceo q** de droit lay psone ne soi doit meller 
de dismes on ascun Men espirituell encontre la volunte de 
Governo" del Eglise a q* les dismes ou ceux chotses espiritnellz 
apptinent ordine est et estabile q*^ nul home graunde ne petit 
ne se melle ne preigne p vent ne en aultre manere dismes 
appten'^ntz a seint Eglise ou religion p extorcion ou manace 
ne a meyndre price q" p^ra vendre a aultre encontre la volonte 
celluy a q^ lez ditz dismes apptenent et celluy que £ace 
alencontre ^ de ceo soit atteint face restitution a celluy q^ eit- 
s'ra greve % si voet pleindre ^ de la double de la dit pri« et puis 
soit reint a la volunte du Roy. 

9. Item p^ ceo q^' disobesanco a dieu et seint Eglise « mis 
hors de comunyon de xpienz ne poont ne doyuent de droit 
estre receuez a grace iire i^^ le Roy, ou a comunion de ses 
roinistres, Ordine est « estabile q® qu*nt les Erchevesq* 
Evesques et altres prelates de seint Esglise ount escomeng 
entredice ou fulmyne* lours censures de seint Eglise du ascan 
pson Euglyes ou Irrois p treasonable cause a la request nre 
seigno' le Roy ou de lo' office ou a suit de ptie q^ apres q* la 
notificacon de ceux censures veigue a fire #°*' le Roy ou a ses 
miuistres q^ celles psones s'* les pointz p' ceux ilz sunt excomgez 
ne soient receux a la grace nre dit i^^^ le Roy ne a comimion 
ou daliance de ses minLstres ne in maintenance de nulle de lieg 
people en lo' erro"^ tanq"" eient fait gree a dieu et seint 
Esglise et soint restitue come la ley de seint Esglise demaund, 

1 The last five words do not occur in the MS. B. Mus., but there are 
added the words — " de la double de lad pris et puis sil soit rejne a la 
volonte du Roy." 

"" qtd en ill MS. B. Mas. ^fuline in MS. B. Mus. 

' prendre m MS. B. Mas. 


to proceed against them by censures, and to certify into the 
said Chancery the names that shall be before them found guilty 
thereof, so that our lord the King, to the honour of God and 
Holy Church, the government of his laws, and preserva- 
tion of his said people, may inflict due punishment for the 

Also, whereas, of right, no lay person ought to meddle yjj| 
with tithes or any spiritual goods, against the will of the Ab to sale 
governors of the Church, to which the tithes or such spiritual ° * ** 
things belong, it is ordained and established, that no man, 
great or small, interfere with or take by sale, or in any 
other manner, tithes appertaining to Holy Church or religion, 
by extortion or menace, or at a less price than that at which 
they may be sold to another, against the will of him to whom 
the said tithes belong, and that h^ who does to the contrary 
and be thereof attaint, make restitution to him who shall be 
aggrieved, and if he will complain, of double the said price, 
and afterwards be fined at the King's pleasure. 

Also, whereas [persons guilty of] disobedience to Gkxi and ix. 

Holy Church, and put out of the communion of Christians, Ezcommuni- 

cannot, nor ought of right to be I'eceived into the grace of our ^j. to^be"^"' 

lord the King, or to the communion of his officers, it is or- counteimnoed 
® by the King 

dained and established, that when the archbishops, bishops, or hid officers. 

and other prelates of Holy Church, have excommunicated, in- 
terdicted, orNfulminated their censures of Holy Church against 
any person, English or Irish, for reasonable cause, at the 
request of our lord the King, or in right of their office, or at 
suit of a party, that after the notification of those censures 
come to our lord the King, or to his officers, such persons, upon 
the points for which they are excommunicated, be not received 
into the grace of our said lord the King, or into communion 
or intercourse with his officers, or in maintenance in their 
error by any of the liege people, until they have made satisfac- 
tion to *God and Holy Church, and be restored, as the law of 
Holy Church requires ; and if a maintainer of such exoommuni. 


« si mainteno*^ de tiel pson exoomge soit trove « attaint 
encontre lordinance au'^ntditz soit pris et enp^n et reint a la 
volunte le Roy. 

10. Item p*" oeo q^ di verses guent's au^t cez heures ont 
estez souent comencez % nient continuez ne mesnes a bone fyne 
einz de ptie pnantz dez enemyes a lo' deptir petyt dauoir dent 
lez ditz enemyes furrount « sont de pluis hardiez de renoaeler 
la guerre, Accorde est et establie q® guerre q*' s^'ra comencee 
aprez eeo^ heures soit i)*8 p le oonsell iire seigno' le Roy p 
auisem^ de #'•" coes * n)chises del countee- ou la guerre sourdera 
« oontynue % finz p lo' advise « counseil issint q^ les IiToies 
enemys ne soint reeeuz a la |)ee8 tanq^ q" soit finablem* destniit 
ou face restitucion entierment de les costagf « mises dispendnz 
s*^ eel guerre p sa defaute ♦ rebellicee « repaire a eux p q*^ ou 
qux lez ditz misez « costages furront faitz « outre facent fyn 
p' le contempt a la volonte le Roy, et en cas q*" hostages soient 
pris % dones a nre f '**' le Roy ou a ses ministres p^ la pees 
tenir p ascuns de Irroies q*^ sils renouelent la guerre en contre 
la forme de lo' pees q*^ execution de lo' ditz hostages sauns 
delay ou ^yutise soit fait solonc les auncient vsag^ de la dee 
terre en tiel case vse. 

11. Item p' mult de la ijees maynten'' ^ droit faire si^n as 
Irroies enemyes esceantz a la peez come as Engleis Ordine est 
et establie q^ si null Irroies a la peez esseant p cheuesance on 
acate de marchandize ou en altre maner deveigne debto' a 
Engleis ou Irroies esceant a la pees q^ p eel cause nul 
altrc person Irroies ou luy south luy ou en sa subiection 
ne sez biens soint arrestuz ne achatez ^ p^ tiel dette sil ne 
soit plegg p*^ mesme le dette mez soit son recoveryr vers la 
princi])all deto' come la ley demaunde "t soit Bn avise de 
bailer^ ses l^chandises a tiel pson ou il^ puise avoir recovery. 

' ceux in M8. B. Mus. ^ doner in M8. B. Mus. 

*dela contn MS. B. Mub * quU in MS. B. Mus. 

' for aUaehez. 


cated person be found and attainted contrary to tlie ordinance 
aforesaid^ that lie be taken and imprisoned, and fiued at the 
King's will. 

Also, whereas divers wars have often heretofore been com- X. 

menced, and not continued, or brought to a good termination, ^^ ^^^y ^ 
but by the party taking from the enemies at their departure by the King's 
a small tribute, whereby the said enemies were and are the advice of the 
more emboldened to renew the war ; it is agreed and established^ ^^^'^^j *c- 
that war which shall be commenced hereafter, be undertaken 
by the council of our lord the King, by the advice of the 
lords, commons, and marchers of the county where the war 
shall arise, and be continued, and finished, by their advice 
and counsel ; so that the Irish enemies be not admitted to 
peace, until they be finally destroyed, or make restitution 
fully of the costs and charges expended upon that war by their 
default and rebellion, and make reparation to those by whom 
the said charges and costs were incurred, and moreover, make 
fine for the contempt at the King^s will. And in case that Hostages, 
hostages be taken and given to our lord the King, or to his 
officers, for keeping the peace, by any of the Irish, that, if 
they renew the war contrary to the form of their peace, execu- 
tion of their said hostages be made without delay or favour, 
according to the ancient customs of the said land in such 
case used. 

Also for the better maintaining of the peace and doing XI. 

right, as well to the Irish enemies being at peace as to the Remedy for 
English, it is ordained and established, that if any Irish, being principal 
at peace, by bargain or purchase of merchandise, or in any <*®btor not 
other manner, become debtor to English or Irish, being at Irish belong- 
peace, that for such cause no other Irish pei-son with him, 
under him, or in subjection to him, or his goods, be seized or 
attached for such debt, if he be not pledge for the same debt ; 
but that his recovery be against the principal debtor, as the 
law requires, and be he well advised to give his merchandises 
to such person as he can have recovery from. 


1 2. Item ordeyup est * establie q** eii chescu j>ecs cle sore 
enau*nt entre nre #**' le Roy et sez liges Engleis dim pte * les 
Irrois daultre pte en chescu m*^rche de la terre soit oomptis 
le point q*^uynt oestascavoir q® nul Irroies pasture ne 
mayneauyre s' les terres as Engleis ou Irroies esceantz a la 
pees enoountre le gi*ee dez f iors des ditz terres ^ siLe £acent, 
q" list as ditz ^iors a mener ove eux en lo^ pounde^ lez ditz 
bestes issint'-^ pasturaunce ou manuraunce lo*" ditz terres en 
noQ de destresse p' lo^ reut et lo' damadgf issint q*" les b^tes 
ne soient deptiez ne desppoillez come au^nt ses heoures ad este 
fait mez soient tenuz entiere come ilk fuerent p^ses a deliverer 
a la ptie en cas q" veigne de faire gree as i^ dez ditz 
terres resonablement solonc lo' demande et en cas q" ascun 
depte ou disppoile lez bestes issint'^ p^ses soit puny come robeo^ 
* debraso*" de la peez nre #"*" le Roy, et si ascun Irroies Leue p 
force a la rescous de ceux resonables p^ses q*' list as ditz 
Engleis fses mesmes eider a fort mayn saunz estre empeohe 
en la Co't nre i"*^ le Roy p celle cause * q** nul Engleis ne 
p'^igne nul disti-esse s' ascun Irroies de nul pte entre cy et la 
feste de St. Michell pschin auen** issint q*' lez Irroies de chescu 
pte en le mesme temps p^ront estre ganiz. 

13. Item ordine est q*' nul Irroies del nacions de IiToies 
soit admis en nul esglise Oathedrall ne Colligeall p pvissioo, 
collation ou |)sentacion de q*^cuq^ psone ne a nul Bnfice de Seint 
Esglise deinz les Engleiz de la terre et si ascun soit admitz 
instituit ou enduct en tiel bnfice, [soit tenuz p*" nul * eit le Roy 
a celle voidance de mesme le bnfice sa |)sentacon a q^cuc^ pson 
lauewoson de tiel bnfice apptient]* sauaunt lo** droit a p'senter 
ou faire coUacion a mesme la bniice qu'^nt ele voidra autrefoitz. 

14. Item accorded est « establie q® nul maison de Religion 
q«est assiz entre Engleis soit il exempt ou noun deaormes 
resceue nul home Irroies » lo^ pfession mes resoeuient 
gentes Engleis saunz auoir oonsideracon les queux ilz soient 

^ ou leu7'ptrndre in MS. 6. Mua. ^ This sentence not in MS. B. Moa. 

A qui aont in MS. B. Mas. " ordone in Ma B. Mob. 

> et uUMie inserted here in MS,B. Mus. 


Also, it is ordained and established, that in every peace hence- xn. 

forth to be made, between our lord the King and his English Irish not to 

lieges of the one part, and the Irish of the other part, in every on^lands of * 

march of the land, there be comprised the point which follows, ®^K.^**^ ^^ 

*^ ^ Irish at peace, 

that is to say, that no Irish pasture or occupy upon the lands 

l>elonging to English or Irish being at peace, against the will 

of the lords of the said lands ; and if they so do, that it be 

lawful for the said lords to lead with them to their pound the Im^xiunding 

of bftftsts 

said boasts so feeding or occupying their said lands, by way 
of distress for their rent and their damages ; so that the beasts 
be not divided or separated, as heretofore has been done, but 
be kept altogether as they were taken, in order to deliver them 
to the party, in case he come to make satisfaction to the lords of 
the said lands reasonably, accoixling to their demand ; and in 
case any one divide or separate the beasts so taken, that he be 
punished as a robber and breaker of the peace of our lord the 
King. And if any Irish rise by force to the rescue of those 
reasonably taken, that it be lawful for the said English to 
assist themselves by strong hand, without being impeached in 
the court of our lord the King on this account ; and that no 
English take any distress upon any Irish of any part, between 
this and the feast of St. Michael next to come ; so that the 
Irish of every part may be warned in the mean time. 

Also, it is ordained that no Irish of the nations of the Irish xill. 
be admitted into any cathedral or collegiate church by provi- No Irishman 
sion, collation, or presentation of any person whatsoever, or to Boote/to a 
any benefice of Holy Church amongst the English of the land ; church, 
and that if any be admitted, instituted, or inducted into such 
benefice, it be held void, and that the King have his pre- 
sentation of the said bene6ce for that vacancy, to what person 
soever the advowson of such benefice may belong, saving their 
right to present or make collation to the said benefice, when it 
shall be vacant another time. 

Also, it is agreed and established, that no house of religion, ^y 
which is situate among the English, be it exempt or not. No religious 
henceforth receive any Irishmen [to their] profession, b«* iriXto ^e*"* 
receive Englishmen, without taking into consideration that profession. 


neez [en] Engleterre ou en Irland et q® autrem^ le fra. et de 
ceo soit atteint, soint lez tenipaltez seises en la mayn fire i"' 
le Roy a dem^sr a sa volonte et q* mil plate de seint E^lise 
resceiue mil neoytF as ascunz orders saunz assent et testimoig- 
nance de son seigno' fait a luy South son seale. 

15. Item q® les minsti^els^ Irroies ven*ntz entre Engleis 
espient lez priuetz maners r Comyn ^ des Englises dont graunz 
males sovent ad este venz, Accorde eat =^ defende q® nulles 
ministres ^ Irroies, cestascavoi'^ Tympano", fferdanes, skelaghes, 
Bablers Rymo", clercz ^ ne nullez autres minstrells Irrois 
veignent entre les Engleis et q'* nul Engleis les resceiue ou don 
face a eux * q*" le face * de ceo soit atteint soit pris et imp*3on 
sibn lez Irroies ministreles^ come les Engleis q* les resceiuement 
ou donent riens et pui^ soint reyntes a la volunte de Roy et les 
instrumentz de lo'^ ministraeltess forfaitz a nre seigno'' le Roy. 

16. Itm accord est et assentu q*' nul eschape desormes 
soit adiudge defis nuUuy p null enquest doffice au*nt ceo q* 
la ptie defis q® eschape deust estro adiuge, soit mesne en 
responce ou conys mesme le chose en place^ de recorde come q* 
au*nt cez heures autrem* ad este vse. 

17. Item accorde est et assentz q*' nul home de q** estate 
ou condicion q" soit, s' forfaiture de vie * de membre teigne 
kerne hobelloiirs ne hudyues gentz en Pre de j>eez a grever le 
loiall people de nre #*"" le Roy mes q* les vuille tener, les 
teigne en la i3che a ses costages ppres sauns rien prendre de 
nully encontre lo^ volunte, et si aueigne q® nule home de 
kerne ou nul altre p^igne nul luafte dez vitailles ou aul^s biens 
de nuily encontre sa volunte, soit hue * crie leiiee s*" luy et 
soit pris * maunde a la Gaole sil se vuille rendre ^f si no mez 
faire resistence et force issint q® ne voille lattachm* suffire soit 

J- ministres in MS. B. Mus. - finnesses in MS. B. Mus. ^ recte nUnttnii. 

* For claraa^hours. In Patent Roll, 13 Henry VL, art. 86, is a recital 
that Irish mimi, as clarsaghours, tympanours, crowthores, kerraghers, 
rymours, skelaghes, bards and others come among the Fogliah, contrary 
to the 'form of the Statutes of Kilkenny, 40 Edward III. See also 
Hardiman's Iritk Minstrdsy^ xviii. (Lond. 1881). 

* ministres in MS. B. Mus. *^plaie in the other Lambeth MS, 

• XL. EDWARD IH. 447 

they be born in England or in Ireland, and that [in the case 

of] any that shall do otherwise, and thereof be attaint, the 

temporalities be seized into the hand of our lord the King, to 

_..,_._- _ - -r-r 1 ^, ■» * "^^ villein to 

remain at his will. And that no prelate of Holy Church receive be admitted 

any villein to any orders without the assent and testimony of -^ I*}.- 

his lord, made to him under his seal. lord's aasent. 

Also, whereas the Irish minsti*els, coming among the XV. 

English, spy out the secrets, customs and policies of the English, ^^i^h 
whereby great evils have often happened, it is agreed and for- not to be' 
bidden that any Irish minstrels, that is to say, tympanours, ^®<^i^cd 
pipers, story tellers, babblers, rhymers, liarpers, or any other EngJish. 
Irish minstrels, come amongst the English ; and that no English 
receive them or make gift to them And that he who does so, 
and thereof be aitaint, be taken and imprisoned, as well the 
Irish minstrels as the English that receive them or give them 
anything, and that afterwards they be fined at the King's 
will, and the instruments of their minstrelsy be forfeited to our 
lord the King. 

Also, it is agreed and assented that no escape henceforth be XVL 
adjudged against any, by any inquest of office, before the party As to escapes, 
against whom the escape ought to be adjudged be put to 
answer or acknowledge the same thing in a place of record, 
although heretofore it has been otherwise used. 

Also, it is agreed and assented that no man, of what estate or XVII. 
condition he be, upon forfeiture of life and of limb, keep kernes, No one to 
hobelers or idleraen in land of peace, to aggrieve the loyal &a,''8ave"i!t' 
people of our lord the King ; but that he who will keep them, ^» ^"^ ^ost. 
keep them in the march at his own expense, without taking 
anything from any person against their will. And if it happen 
that any man, whether kerne or any other, take any manner 
of victuals or other goods of any against his will, that hue Hue and cry 
and cry be raised against him, and he be taken and com- ^^^^J' *°^ 
mitted to gaol if he will surrender himself, and if not, but victuals 
make resistance and force, so that he will not suffer the o^Qg^'s will, 
attachment, it be done to him as to an open robber ; and 


faire* de luy come de Robeo^ i^pt * tiel nianere pris soit tenoz 
p' Robere et en cas q® tiel meffeRsours deffient lattacfaement q' 
nul home lez p^ra prendre adonq** respoigne son seig-Qo^ ou le 
meno'' p' luy ¥ face gree a la ptie q^t issint endomadge ^ sil 
ne face gree a la ptie, eit le Roy la suit defis lay si^n |i^ lay 
mesmes come p' la ptie, Et eux q« ne leuent a oelle hne * crie 
soint tenz et punys come mainteno" de felons et si nul home 
teigne ou mene kernes hobelours ou hudyues' gentz auPement 
q® de suis est dit, eit Judgement de vie et de membre <i^ soint 
ses terres et Tenementf forfaitz. 

18. Item soit vncore^ fait q® toutz yceux q^ sont ore 
hudynes gentz <r volient prendre terres de Roy Teignent a men 
#*»^ le Due lieutenant iire #®' le Roy en Ireland ChaunoeUer ou 
Theasurer le Roy ^ p^ignent terres gastes du Roy a fee ou a 
ferme, si les voillent prendre des alfs i*°" veignent a eux ou a 
lo' senesohall en mesme la manere. 

19. Item q** nul n]chies ne autre teignene plement ne 
dalliance ove nul Irroies ou Engleis [Rebellf ]^ q® sont encontre 
la peez saimz congie de la Coort ou en p^sence de viscont ore 
#****■ le Roy ou des gardins de la pees q ' puissent voier q* tiel 
plement ou daliaunce soit p' coe pfit * ne my p^ singler et q* 
le face, eit lemprisonment et soit reint^ a la volunte le lioy. 

20. Item ordeigiie est et establie q^ si ascu de linadge ou 
de aerdauntz ou de reten^ntz de ascun chieftayne de linadge 
Engleis dedins la terre dirland q*' le dit cheftayn p'ru chaster, 
face ascun trespas ou felouie q® le dit chefteyn ap" q" eit ent 
notiz q" face prendre le dit miffesso' * luy maundre a la 
prochin gaola illonq** a deiRer tanq^ q" soit delifie p la lei, £t 
si le dit cheftein ne voile ceo faire q** son corps soit pris!^ p*" le 
dit meffeso'' t^ detenutz en p^son tanq^ le corpz la mefiesso' 
soit renduz a la Co''t nre f***' le Roy destre iustiaable come 

^ faicte in MS. B. Mu& ^ remit in MS. B. Mtu. 

' Idoyues in MS. B. Mu8. ^ Instead of the word prUt the words 

' on crie in MS. B. Mus. deliuere par laloyet Hlead, dkieffaU 

^ Not in MS. B. Mus. are inserted here in MS. B. Mae. 


that such manner of taking [of victuals] be considered a 
robbery. And in case such malefactors fly from the attach- 
ment, so that no man can take them, that then their lord 
or the leader answer for him, and make satisfaction to the 
party who has been so damaged. And if he make not satisfac- 
tion to the party, that the King have the suit against him, as 
well for himself as for the party. And that those who do not 
rise at such hue and cry be held and punished as maintainers 
of felons ; and if any man keep or lead kernes, hobelers, or 
idlemen, otherwise than is abovesaid, that he have judgment of 
life and limb, and his lands and tenements be forfeited. 

Also, that it be pitx;laimed that all those who are now XVIII. 
idlemen and are willing to take lands of the King, come to l<ilenjen to 
my lord the duke, lieutenant of our loixi the King in fee or in farm. 
Ireland, the chancellor or treasurer of the King, and take 
waste lands of the King in fee or in farm ; if they wish to 
take of other loi*ds, that they come to them, or to their 
seneschal, in like manner. 

Also, that no marchers or others hold parley or intercourse xiX. 
with any Irish or English rebels who are against the peace, with- Ab to parley, 
out leave of the Court, or in the presence of the sheriff of our marchere'and 
lord the King, or the wardens of the peace, that they may see *!*• «nemy. 
that such parley or intercourse be for common and not for 
individual benefit ; and that he who does it be imprisoned, and 
be fined at the King's will. 

Also^ it is ordained and established, that if any of the XX. 

Unease, or of the adherents or retainers of any chieftain of Chieftains to 
, , punish tiieir 

English lineage, within the land of Ireland, whom the said own retainers, 

chieftain can chastise, commit any trespass or felony, the said 

chieftain, after he have had notice thereof, cause the said 

malefactor to be taken and committed to the next gaol, there 

to remain until he be delivered by the law ; and if the Penalty. 

said chieftain will not do so, that his body be taken for the 

said malefactor, and detained in prison, until the body of the 

malefactor be given up to the Court of our lord the King, to 



de Buifl est dit et maiiUenena soii de le dU^ uhieftejm p^ le 
contempt reint a la volunte le Boy et face gree a la ptie isaant 

21. Item accorde est % assentu qun pees % gaerre soit p 
tout la terre issint q" mil Irroies ou Engleis soit de guerre en 
vn Oounte q® les Countees enuyron les facient guerre « grea' 
en lo' marches maintenaunt q^ut ilz s'ront gamuz p les 
gardines de la pees de dite Coiinte ou p viscont on la guerre 
sourdy [et sils ne les font soient tenuz come mainteners de 
felons et si cenx de la countree ou la guerre sorditp soefireot 
lo^ marches estre destrutz p les enemy es et ne vuillent leuer 
de arrestre le malice des enemies ap"** q*^ soient resonablement 
gamz p les garriens' de la pees ou p viscount on ere leoe 
en paies du dit Oounte q* adonques ilz soient tenuz come 
maintenours des felon. 

22. Item p' ceo q® difises geutz fount di&es Boberies^ 
et felonies en franchises % se fuent ove lo'^ biens en Guydable 
issint q** les ministres de franchises ne point illonq*^ fiure lo' 
office ne le felouns ne lo' biens prendre me