aass_ tt>D4i_ Book^ 'H^S-Wb' iy,3, Q>b\V 0»-w_^,^ Isf Jeis., 1-1 07- lio^ 60th Congress! 2d Session ( SENATE I Document I No. 762 Stephen Russell Mallory (Late a Senator from Florida) MEMORIAL ADDRESSES Sixtieth Congress First Session SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES May 2, 1908 HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES May 3, 1908 Compiled under the direction of the Joint Committee on Printing WASHINGTON : : GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : : 100<» I Death of Senator Stephen R. Mallory PROCEEDINGS IN THE SENATE Monday, January 0, igo8. Rev. Edward E. Hale, Chaplain of the vSenale. offered the following prayer: The people that sat in darkness saiv a great liqht; and to thtm 'who sat in the recjwn and shadow of death tight is sprung up. * * * Unto you that jear my name shall the Sun of l\ight- eoiisness arise with healing in His wings. ''■' '■'■ * Repent ye, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand. Father of light. Father of lo\e, in the midst of darkness Thou wert pleased to reveal Thyself to all sorts and conditions of men — to all Thy children. The Sun of Righteousness arises with healing in His wings. From day to day and from year to year this world is coming nearer and nearer to its God. And here are we, Father. Thy servants are sent to do Thv will, to enter into Thy service, that ser\-ice which is perfect freedom, that Thy kingdom may come and Thv will may be done here on earth as in heaven. As the year begins. Father, as these Christmas solemnities go by, we come to Thee as so many children of tiie living Cod, asking Thee that we may be strong with Thy strength, that we may speak as His servants, that we may enter into Thv king dom. Hear us and answer us as Tin children. Our Father, who art in heaven, hallowed he Thy name. 'Thv kingdom come. Thy will l)e done on tarth as it is done in hea\en. 6 Memorial Addresses: Stephen R. Mallory Give us this day our daily bread. Forgive us our trespasses as we forgive those who trespass against us. Lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil. For Thine is the kingdom, the power, ;ind the glory, forever. Amen. Mr T.M.i.xriCRRo. Mr. President, it has become my ])ainful duty to announce to the Senate the death of my late colleague, the Hon. Stephen R. Mai.uorv. at his home in Pensacola, at 12.48 o'clock on the morning of December 23 last. At some future day 1 will ask the Senate to set aside a tinu- to pay fitting tribute to his memory. I ask now the passage of the resolutions which I send to the desk. The \'ici:-President. The Senator from Florida asks for the adoption of resolutions, which will be read by the Secretary. The Secretarv read the resolutions is follows: l\fSol\vd, Thai ihi- .Si-nale has htard witli profound «)rro\v of the death of the Hon. Stephk.n Ri'ssiiLU Maulorv, late a Senator from the State of I-'lorida. kisohfd. That the Secretary communicate a cojiy of these resoUilions 10 the House of Re])resentatives The X'lcic- President. The c|uestion is on agreeing to the resolutions submitted by the vSenator from Florida. The resolutions were unanimously agreed to. Mr. T.xliaferro. As a further mark of respect to the memory nf my deceased colleague, I move that the Senate now adjourn. The motion was unanimously agreed to. and (at 1 2 o'clock and 5 minutes p in.) the Senate adjourned until to-morrow, Tuesday, January 7, igo8, at u o'clock meridian. TuEsn.w, April 14. moS. Mr. T.xuiAFERRo Mr President. I desire to give notice that on Saturday. May 2, immediately after the routine morning business, I shall ask t he Senate to consider resolutions commemo- Proceedings in the Senate 7 rative of the lives, character, and pubhc services of my late colleagues, Hon. Stephen R. Mallory and the Hoh.Wiluiam James Bryan. Saturday, May 2, igo8. The Chaplain. Rev^ Edward E. Hale, offered the following prayer : Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ, to the jaithjul brctlircn: Wc do not cease to pray for you and to desire that ye might he filled with the spirit in all wisdom and understanding ; that ye might walk worthily of the Lord, hearing fruit in every good work and increasing in the knowledge of God, strengthened with aU power according to the might of His glory. Let us pray. Here is our prayer. Father, that what the apostle asked from Thee Thou wilt give to us to-day in this day's duty, in to-day's pleasure, in work, in thought, alone or together, that the Lord God will be with us to teach us. Father, Thy will; that we may walk worthy of this Christian vocation to which we are called; that it may not be in vain that Thou hast lifted this nation where it is, to be the messenger of Thy glad tidings to all men. To-day, Father, we go back into the past to recall memories of the lives of those who have served in this Chamber, and to Jook forward for the good of this people. May every lesson of the past be translated for us into duties for to-day, to-morrow, and every day. Oh, God, make this nation that happy people whose God is the Lord. We ask it, in Christ Jesus. Our Father, who art in heaven, hallowed be Thy name. Thy kingdom come. Thy will he done, on earth as it is done in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread, and forgive us oiTr trespasses, as we forgive those who trespass against us. And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil, for Thine IS the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, forever. .Vmen. 8 Memorial Addresses: Steplii)i f\. Malhry Mr. TAUiAKiiKKi). Mr. I'resideiU, I ask for thf consideration of the resolutions I send to the desk. Tin- X'ice-PrEsidknt. The Senator from Florida submits resolutions, which will be read. The Secretary read the resolutions, as follows: Kisohid, That the Senate has heard with profound sorrow of the deaths of the honorables Stephen R. Mallory and William James Brya.n, late Senators from the State of Florida. Kitohiil, That as a mark of respect to the memcjry of tlie deceased .Sena- tors the business of the Senate be now susi>ended to enable their associates to pay pro|)er iriliute to their high characters and distinguished public services. Rcsolvrd, That the Secretary communicate a copy •>! these resolutions to the House of Representatives and transmit a copy thereof to the families of the deceased Senators. The X'icE-PrEsident. The question is on agreeinj? to the resolutions submitted by the Senator from Florida. The resolutions were unanimously agreed to. Address of Mi . Taliaferro, of Florida MEMORIAL ADDRESSES Address of Mr. Tauaferro, of Florida Mr. President: The late distinguished Senator. vStkphen R. M.^LLORY, of Florida, died at Pensacola, his home, on Monday morning, December 23, 1907. in the sixtieth year of his age. He was born in Columbia, S. C, November 2, 1848, but very soon thereafter was taken by his mother to Key West, Fla., where his boyhood days were spent. In the fall of 1864, when onlv 16 years old, he entered the Confederate army, but after a brief service, or in 1865, was transferred to the navy, serving as a midshipman on the Patrick Henry until the war ended. ' Soon after the surrender, or in November, i86s, he entered Georgetown College, District of Columbia, and graduated there- from in. June, 1869. The fortunes of the family having been sapped by the four years' struggle, he had to bend his efforts of bod\- and mind to the serious affairs of life, and, having made a fine record in college, he applied for and obtained a chair in his alma mater and taught there for two years. In June, 1904, this institution conferred upon him the degree of doctor of laws. The hours not filled by his duties at college were diligently spent in preparing himself for the practice of law. Later Jie remo\ed to New Orleans and, while still read- ing law, supported himself by teaching school. In 1873 he was admitted to the supreme court of Louisiana and in 1874 removed to Pensacola and began jjractice. From his early life he took an active interest in govern- ment and politics, and especially in the herculean struggle lO Memorial Addresses: Stephen R. Mallory being made to free Florida from the eorrupt control of political adventurers. In 1876 he was elected, as a Democrat, Xo the lower house of »he Tlorida legislature; was elected to the State senate in 1880 and reelected in 1884, his services covering in all a period of ten years. His record was excellent in every way and inspired his people with such confidence in his integ- rity and ability that he was sent to represent his district in the Fifty-second and Fifty-third Congresses. In 1897 the Florida legislature balloted many days for many men for United States Senator in one of the most exciting con- tests of the history of the State, and finally elected Senator Mallory to succeed the Hon. Uilkinson Call. He was actually not a contestant for the place, but believed that the honor would go to one of the declared candidates then in the field. Indeed, it is said that he had no notice of any purpose to propose his name earlier than twenty-four hours before his election. Senator Mallory's career in this body shows him to have been a careful thinker and a conser\ative statesman. He was not opposed to reform, but first satisfied himself that a change was needed and that the new order would be better than the old. He thought that the basic ])rinciples of this Government were sound; his respect for the Constitution was profound, and his abiding faith was that through the study of the Constitution the broadest and best jjrincii^les of government could be learned hi his will he left a sum to Georgetown University to be invested and the proceeds used to provide medals to be awarded from time to time for the best essays upon the Con- stitution of the United States. Senator Mallory's mind was essentially judicial and his sense of justice true and corrc*ct. He was of the Catholic faith and loved his church, but I submitted a case to him once in which th<- church was largely interested. an<l, after giving it Address of Mr. Taliaferro, of Florida ii careful study and thought, he decided that the contention of the church, while possibly correct in equity, had no standing in the law. While he was grateful to those who had brought about his election to the Senate from the deadlock of the Florida legisla- ture in 1897 and loyal to the men who led in that contest, yet his gratitude and loyalty were not allowed to extend beyond the bounds of what a correct conscience told him was right. In his first term in this great deliberative body Senator Maulorv made an excellent record, and upon the strength of it had no opposition for a second term, his election by the legislature in April, 1903, being unaniiuous. I had known Senator Mallory as a lawyer in Florida, as a member of the legislature, and as a Representative in Congress, but my home was in Jacksonville and his in Pensacola, cities wide apart, and because of the infrequency of our meetings our acquaintance was only casual. In 1S99 1 came to the Sen- ate, and it was then that our real acquaintance began. The sturdy excellence of the man caused me to admire and esteem him, and I was soon glad to number him among my strong and steadfast friends. It is largely upon the intimacy with him here in this body that I base my views and judgment of his character. He was the soil of a distinguished man, but this did not sjioil him or cause him to seek prominence or adulation. He fought his own fight with a definiteness of purpose that was commend- able and showed the sterling stuff of wliich he was made. He attained, but the honors he won were worn witli touching mod esty. His career shows steadfastness of character and ]>uril\ of principle. His record here — in all his life, indeed — displays a patriotic and abiding faith in the principles of our Govern- ment, a correct sense of. justice, and a deep and generous syni- 12 Memorial Addresses: Stephiti R. Mallory palliy fur those who struggle for the betteriiient of themselves and their children. He believed that the foundation of a wise and enduring Government was the education of its people, and if there was one cause more than another which appealed to his sympathy and enthusiasm it was education. Chiki-lahor legislation, compulsory education, the organiza- tion of the public school system of Florida, and the reorganiza- tion of school matters in lliis city all bear the impress of his zeal in behalf of thousands of children whom he could never know. But the children whose pitiful condition touched him most closely were those in the naval reser\'ation off Pensacola, in sight of his own home. There were 500 or more of these children, many of them descendants of workmen who were long ago induced to go there under the promise of homes in peaceful security. The State had no jurisdiction or control of this reservation, and therefore no power or authority to supply schools, and the children were growing up in comparative ignorance. The first congressional provision for their relief was introduced by Senator (then Representative) M.\llorv. Since then he worked untiringly in every Congress of which he was a Member for free school facilities for these children. In the Fiftv-ninth Congress he introduced a bill in the Senate for the establishment and maintenance of public schools on the naval reservation. iMiially, certain, because of his fast failing health, that he could not live long, he arranged for a place on the Committee on Naval Affairs (exchanging with his old friend, Senator Ulacklnini. who went to the Committee on the District of Columbia), one of his ])urposis Ix-ing to further the educational interests of the neglected children of the Pen- sacola Navy- Yard. Ivnlering the ]X)rtals of death, a soul whose life labors were dedicated even in part to the Ixttenuenl of the condition of little children nii-d have no fear. Address of Mr. Taliaferro, of Florida 13 A friend of Senator Mallory, ~a friend of education, and especially of neglected children of the naval reservation, has suggested that no more enduring monument could be erected to his memorv, no more fitting tribute of love and veneration could be laid upon his grave, than for this great body to assume the work of providing the little neglected proteges of the nation with the educational advantages which should be assured to all. Senator Mallorv was the son of Stephen Russell Mallory, who was a Senator from the State of Florida in this body from 1 85 1 to 1 86 1, when he-retired to follow the fortunes of his State, which had seceded from the Union to become a part of the Confederate States of America. The elder !\Iallory was secretary of the Confederate navy, which placed upon the seas the first fighting ironclad the world had ever seen — an ironclad which ended the era of the wooden vessel and revolutionized the naval architecture of the world. The elder Mallory was born in Trinidad on his father's vessel, sailing from Bridgeport, Conn., famed as the home of mariners and shipbuilders. The junior Mallory also was reared within the sound of the sea. Indeed, his early boyhood days were spent at Key West, an island in the sea, some miles distant from the mainland of I'-lorida. Reared in such an atmosphere and descended from the sturdy mariner folk of Connecticut, it is but natural that he should love the sea, its vast air of freedom, the grandeur of its storms, the music of its murmurs and its mysteries. The Spanish blood in his veins, a heritage from his mother, produced in him, as the strange chemistry of the Latin admixture usually produces, a perhaps more intense love of the beautiful in poetry and art and nature than the Anglo Saxon seems to hold, and especially in nature, which he looked upon as the open book — the ideal — of botli poetry and art. For many years preceding his death Senator Mallory had been an iqvalid. During mucii of that tinu> he was compelled to 14 Memorial Addresses: Stephen R. Mallory rest in a sitting posture. He bore his troubles silently and with- out complaint even to his most intimate friends. He has ap- peared in this body more than once with the tell-tale flush of fever on his face and suffering bodily pain to participate in some important debate or to advocate some measure of interest to the people of his State and the nation. Nor did he measure the sum of his duty by the interests of his State alone. When he came to die the Senate was sent a message — one of his last — requesting that there he no ofTicial funeral. He wished no pomp or display, but merely to be laid quietly away by his own people at his ow^n home with tlio simple service of the Catholic prayers for the dead. He asked, too, that there be no eulogy, but Father Fullerton, who conducted the funeral, felt "that a life so modest, so full of lessons for the living, war- ranted a disregard of part of this request at least." He said that Senator M.m.uirv "had died as he had lived, a courageous man, religious without pretense, and a faithful soldier of the cross. There was no complaining or repining in the long fight against sufferings which were a martyrdom. He showed us how to live, and when he could not longer show us that, he showed us how to die." On the north face of the Confederate jiionument at I'ensacola there is a legend selected by Senator M.\i,i,ORV and chosen, jkt haps, because it was the lode star of his own life; 'Tis nol in inott;ils In cniniiiand success. We'll flo mi>rv, .Siniiininius we'll deserve it. And I may add, Mr. President, that the success which my lamented colleague achieved he well deserx-ed. Address of Mr. Gallinger, of New Hampshire i^ Address of Mr. Gallinger, of New Hampshire Mr. President: A singularly conscientious and devoted public man of the very best American type has been lost to the Senate and the nation in the death of Stephen R. Mallory, of Florida. His splendid character was manifest in the very aspect of his face and form — in the refinement of his well- remembered features and the dignified and courteous bearing of the well-born, cultivated gentleman. He was a worthy heir to one of the historic names of the South, the second of his family to adorn this Chamber. This is a distinction rare in the annals of the Republic. Not often in our bustling, aggressive democracy are the public honors of a father transmitted to a son — nor were these honors in this instance merely transmitted as a matter of right, in the aristocratic Old World way, from the older to the younger M.\llory. Rather were they achieved anew by the younger man, in our good American way, by dint of sheer ability, ardent endeavor, and high personal deserving. Fortunate is he who inherits a distinguished name, but still more fortunate is he who, inheriting it, leaves that name all the more illustrious because of the manner in which he has borne it throughout his life and of honest and beneficent work in the service of his country. It was the fortune of Senator Mallory to have lived during the most stirring and dramatic period of our national career. These are the years spanned by the lives of the majority of the older men now in this Chamber. As a lad he saw the final intensifying of the sad and bitter estrangement between North and South, that consummate tragedy of America, the transform- ing of brethren into deadly enemies — a tragedy which we are i6 Memorial Addresses: Stephen R. Mallory mourning still, but, fortunately, one which heals and fades so swiftly in these present years that to our children's children it will be a thing incredible. Young Mallorv not only saw this tragedy. Like tens of thousands of brave and ardent boys, South and North, he was himself a part of it — both witness and actor in its heroism, grief, and suffering. As a young officer of the Confederate navv Ik- hort- his share in tlu' fmal scenes of the drama, and it happened that his own role was of the most difficult and dis- couraging character. It is a matter of history that the little, improvised Confederate fleet was outmatched almost every- where by the over\vhelming resources of the Federal Navy, and that it was only the solitary commerce destroyers, free and far on the ocean, some of which never saw Confederate waters, that could make any headway against the tremendous mari- time ]K)wer of the North. Yet peculiarly hard and dishearten- ing as was the sen'ice of the Confederate navy in the work of home defense, it proved to young M.\ulory to be an admirable school of manly courage and endurance. What is more, it heli)ed to give him that unusual interest in and knowledge of the affairs of the sea which, strengthened by his long residence at a historic Southern seaport, made him so useful afterwards in House and Senate in the consideration of important matters of ocean trade and navigation. On all these things he spoke among us here with rare information and authority. But Senator M.m.i.okv was a well-rounded man. Nothing of concern to the nation or his State found him indifferent or forgetful. The great war had broken in upon his school years, as it broke in upon the student life of so many of the wisi-st and best men who have sat here and in the other House of Congress. Hut when there was opportunity he turned again resohitelv to his education and gathered an excellent e(|uip Address of Mr. Galiinger, of Xcw Hampshire 17 ment in the law. His habit of mind was exact, logical, and fair. He would have made a great and able judge. Indeed, his temperament was naturally the broad and philosophical one of judge and arbiter rather than of sharp, uncompromising partisan advocate. But his honored name, the ripeness of his scholarship, and his notably attractive personality marked him out for an active political career. ,, The people of Florida were proud of his qualities of mind and heart, and proud of the distinction of being represented by a man like this at Washington. Senator Mallory in his later day and generation recalled some of the best traditions of those earlier and fortunate years before the slavery feud had rent North and South asunder. He was of a distinguished race, long identified with the most im- portant public ser\ace. The power of leadership and of states- manship were with such men a matter of instinctive habit and inheritance. They knew their people and were absolutely trusted by their people, and they held to lofty ideals of the obligations and the powers of government. Even those who differed with them never dreamed of doubting the sincerity of their logical conclusions and their disinterestedness of purpose. Senator Mallorv endeavored, in his long'and valuable public service here in Washington, to approach every public question with entire openness of mind. His manner of discussion was always candid and philosophical. He respected his honest adversaries and commanded respect from them. He was one of those rare public servants who could be both fair and firm — for beneath his kindliness and courtesv there was always mani- fest the bed rock of deep and strong individual conviction. Out of many years of pleasant associations with Senator M. Ma- lory in the general service of the Senate, I can not but recall especially the most faithful and considerate performance of his 72901 — S. Doc. 762, 60-2 2 1 8 Memorial Addresses: Stephen R. Mallory duties a few years ago as a iiK'inl)i.T of iIk- Merchant Marine Commission. This was a difficult and thankless labor, involv- ing as it did much journeying and long and weary sessions in the heat of summer and the crowded year of a Presidential campaign. Senator Mauuory was not at that time in robust health. The additional duties of the work of the Conunission were sure to pro\'e a severe tax upon his physical strength and to rob him of a well-earned and needed leisure. Yet, instinc- tively recognizing that his own personal knowledge of maritime conditions made his presence and participation of tlie utmost value, he loyally undertook the task, traveling, studying, and laboring to the very limit of his ])hysical capacity, personally arranging for and presiding over several of the Commission's sessions of inquiry in the far South, and aiding materially in the final drawing up of the recommendations of the Commission to Congress. On every point where he could ct)nsistently agree with his Republican colleagues Senator Malu)RV fully and unhesitatingly agreed, just as on other points he firmly and courteously dilTered. But he made it his business to seek |x>ints of agreement rather than of disagreement, and if this <|uestion of our mer- chant marine, long sjich a contentious and almost hopeless ques- tion in the American Congress, is now, as I believe, somewhat further along toward a fair, friendly, and satisfactory solution, the credit for it must be held to be in a large measure due to the untiring industry, the breadth of temper, and the devoted |)atriotism of my good friend and keenly missed and wcll-re- memlx-red associate, the late Se'uator from Florida. But for the ill health which so unfortunately hampered the activities of his later years. Senator M.vulory would have left a far longer reconl of (H-rsonal achievement. Vet all of us who knew him here know m II how i;reat a contribution to the va^i Address of Mr. Gallingcr, of Xctx' Hampshire lo work of legislation was his conscientious service on his com- mittees and his close attention to the business of the Senate when he was not debarred by sheer lack of physical strength or by physical suffering. The keenness of his well-trained intellect drove right to the heart of a complex and baffling problem. Able as he was, earnest and devoted, he had that all-essential quality often lacking in men of really great abilit\' and high purpose, and that is that fine, strong, human talent for working harmoniously and effectively with his fellow-men. Such a public man as this — intellectual, learned, patriotic, high-souled, generous — is sure to inspire affection among all with whom he meets and works in the great and important responsibilities of the American Senate. We who knew Senator Mallory think of him to-day with admiration and gratitude — aye, but with something even wanner than that, more human and more enduring. He was distinguished as a Senator, and be was also lovable as a man. So it is with a grief deep and per- sonal, and not in any mere ceremonious way, that we meet here to-day to speak of him, to recall his ^•anished face and form, his gracious words and noble work, and lo do lionor to a dear and sainted memorv. 20 Memorial Addresses: Stephen A' Mn/lory Address of Mr. Daniel, of Virgdoa Mr. I'kksiuunt: Within the space of less than one year Sen- ators Morgan and Pettits, of Alabama, Latimkk, of vSoulh Car- olina, Proctor, of Vermont, Whyte, of Maryland, and both Mallory and Bryan, of Florida, have been removed from the scene of their labors by the Dmnipotent One who wills the com inj; and going of his creatures. These losses, in proportion to numbers, are greater than the average number killed in a great and fierce battle. They show that we walk in our dail>- ways as soldiers under fire, and none may tell who next will lie amongst the fallen. The oldest Senator and the youngest are enrolled amongst these dead, and neither youth nor age can wear a shield against the dart that struck ihem down. Morgan and Pettws were recently commemorated by tlieir colleagues in this body on the same day. At that time such an event was without precedent, but the precedent has been speed- ily repeated, and to-day our farewell tributes are bestowed upon Mauuory and Brya.n, wlio passed away in swift succession. Stephen Risselu Mai.lokv was an able man. a learned man, a patriotic and a good man. He made an excellent Senator, and of his useful service the records of the Senate bear witness. In his conduct and character he realized Dlackstone's ideal of a good citizen, for he "lived honesllv, Iniri nobody, and rendered to every man his due." He was punctilious in the discharge of every task. The whole Senate respected him highly, and by his intimates he was l)c1ovcd. Address of Mr. Daniel, of Virginia 21 He was always modest and unobtrusive, neither provoking nor giving offense, and he had no enemy amongst his colleagues. He was as manl v as he was modest , and in debate was as firm and assertive as became the dignity of his personality and of the body to which he belonged. A certain refinement, both of ap- pearance, manner, and speech, indicated the instincts which make the character of the gentleman. The cleanness and clear- ness of his mind were illustrated whenever he spoke in argu- ment upon this floor. His positions were chosen with wisdom, his views were uttered with precision; whatever he thought was so succinctly and forcibh' expressed that none failed to understand his meaning or to be impressed by the force and earnestness of his nature. No man could ever question either the propriety or the integrity of his course, and his good name was as precious ointment. His father, Stephen Russell Mallory, was the fourth Senator of the new State of Florida, and ser\^ed ten years. Our late colleague was the fourteenth Senator elected by that State and ser^'ed an equal time. His father became secretary of the navv of the Confederate States, which when he assumed the office was onlv a name, but he made a navy. Little and makeshift as it was, it held its position on the James River as long as Lee held his lines on land, and, as war is a great teacher, its history and achievements will be studied, and those who study them will find a lesson taught which will appease an.xiety as to this countrv being ever overrun by an enemy in war. The younger ^L\LLORY was bom in 1848. He became the, bearer of arms in the Confederate army in the autumn of 1864, and was soon made a midshipman in the Confederate navy, and served on the Patrick Henry in the James River fleet until war speedily ended. It was at a time when, as Grant said, the Confederates had robbed the cradle and the grave for their 22 Memorial Addresses: Stephen R. Mallory recruits, and the dissolution of the Confederacy, of which their very presence was a sign, was soon fullilled. As the South dropped the sword it picked up the pruning hook, seized tlie plow handles, and opened anew its neglected books. The steps by which Maixoky advanced to fields of large usefulness and honor are indicated by his successive occupations. We find him at Georgetown College in iKf),s; a graduate of that institution in 1869; a professor of Latin and Greek in the scT\'ice of his alma mater; again a student, teaching himself the law; at New Orleans a practitioner of the supreme court of Ix>uisiana in 1873, and then, in 1874, settling down in his old hoiiu' in Pensacola beginning practice. It is in the legislatures of the States that many of our most distuiguishcd statesmen have learned something of the art of legislation. In 1875 he was in the house of representatives of Florida. He was elected to the state sfenate in 1880 and again in 1884. .V little later his capacities have so developed and have been so well rccognizetl bv his constituents that he is sent in succession for two terms to the Mouse of Re]iresentatives of the United States. In 1897 he was chosen to the United States Senate. When he died he was in the second term of a ripe ex- perience and of a scr\ice valuable in all its connections with the interests of his State and country. He had been a member of all tin- legislative bodies known to tiie administration of the governments of the State and of the United States, and in each of those bodies he had well performed his part and left a me inorial of his labors .\inongsl other measures with which Senator Mai.i.dkv was identified was one which he offered in the I'ifty ninlli Congress l(M)king to the enlarged iisifulness of the Public Heallli and Marine-Hospital Servii-e. He realized what we all know, that Address of Mr. Daniel, of Virgwia 23 the pestilence which wasted at noonday is far more destructive and terrible to the human race than is battle, and that more perish from disease in war than by the bayonet, the bullet, and the sword. ^ Mr. Mallory was for years troubled by a physical ailment which was to him a source of constant impediment and suffer- ing. How patiently and unmurmuring he bore his burden all of us know. Christian by faith and by profession, his life was the best insignia of his devotion. A soldier of the cross and a bearer of the cross, he fought the good fight without display of banners, and he closed his life the real conqueror who had con- quered and subdued himself. He had scarce reached three score. To one of his simple Hfe, his strong ners^e, his prudent and well-ordered disposition, a score or more of years might have been reasonably anticipated as his portion; but it was not so ordered. The acclaims of the multitude, the conspicuous disj^lay of public honors, the dazzling badges of distinction, the resounding speech of eulogy, and the printed page; all these things which flatter the vanity and stiffen the pride of man have their place even in the just economy of life's ambitions, which 'urge on and measurably reward men in their best endeavors. Mallory had no burning ambition for these things. He lived on the work that was for him to do, and he bore to the grave that highest of earthly comforts that God has ever vouch- safed to the workers of His will — the calm repose of the spirit which holds itself in peace to all others and so goes its wa\- to that peace which passeth all understanding. Scarce had he died at his own home, on December 23, 1907, than a new name took its place by the appcjintmeiit by the gov- ernor of Florida on the Senate roll, and Willlam Jamks Bryan, with the freshness of youth, stepped into the Senate. Only 24 Memorial Addresses: Stephen R. Mallory seventy-three days was he here, and over thirty of them wen- spent in the weariness and aflliction of a mortal malady, of which he died on the 2 2d, day of March, 1908. Painfully did he illustrate the lines: Life can little more supply Than just to look about us and to die. He was a native of Florida and of a family notable in its private worth and in its honest and useful service. He was himself tall, slender, straight, and handsome, an athlete and a student, a graduate of Emory College, (ieorgia, and then of Washington and Lee University in X'irginia. .\ recognized orator and debater amongst the young men who were his fellow- students, u lawyer who was soon cliosen as solicitor in his community, a successful practitioner, with the beckoning re- wards and honors of his profession swifth- extended, no young man could have had a more auspicious or ])n)mising position amongst his people. Added to these things were his happy marriage to Miss Allan, of Lexington, \'a., a daughter of ^ol. William Allan, a man who had won the honors of war as the chief of ordnance in Jackson's corps, and the honors of peace as a writer of his- tory and as a professor in Washington and Lee University. On Christmas day came to Brya.x a commission to the Senate of the United States. His bearing here fulfilled the expecta- tions of those who saw in him the making of a long, lionorable, and useful career. He heard his days Iwfore liini and the Iruinin-l of his life. Hut liiose days were nut to lie fiillilled. He had barely time to become acquainted with and on easy terms with liis associates when came the lingering sickness whidi alllieled him, and then the st)lenm repose of death. Address of Mr. Daniel, of Virginia 25 The names of Mallory and Bryan will ever linger in tin- memories of those who knew them here. They will lon.<i; In- cherished in their vState and honored by them whom they hon- ored. They may remind us of the flickering and how soon ex- tinguished is the flame of life, but in the generous economy of that Providence which permits nothing to be lost, their lives intermingle with the meditations of tliose who come after them, repressing unworthy things, inspiring virtuous deeds and aspi- rations, and cheering the column of humanity as it moves in its successive generations of toil and conflict, of achievements and disappointments, of sickness and sorrow, and pain and death to — That one far off divine event To which the whole creation moves. 26 Memorial Addresses: Stephm R. SUillory Address of Mr. Nelson, of Minnesota Mr. l'Ki:sini:.\T; \\c all know, cs]K'ciull\- iliost- wiio have been for a long time nieniljers of this or other legislative bodies, that the most effective work leading to material results in the way of legislation is not always accomplished by those who are regarded as great orators or great debaters, but rather by that other class of legislators who are not nmch given to debate or oratory. This class is made up of those men who do the hard and substan- tial work of the legislati\e bod)'. They are usually the men who are active participants in the work on committees and who prejjare and formulate legislative measures and who put them ill i)ractical and ■effective shape. To this class of industrious, unobtrusive, and quiet workers belonged our late colleague, Seiiatdr M.\i,i,oRV. I became intimately acquainted with him soon after he made his first appearance in the Senate, and during his entire service in this body we were associated on one of the most im|)ortaiit committees, and frequently during that time we were thrown together as members of iinportant subcommittees which had under consideration many important and far-reaching measures, and in such committee work 1 found him to \w one of the best -equijjped, one of the iiiosl iudiislrious, and one of the most efficient of Senators. He seemed to grasp intuitively, as it were, I he full impKirtance and scope of every important measure tliat was uiuler considVra- lion, and if the measure had come to the committee in a crude anfl imperfect form he alwavs seemed to know how to prime, correct, and imjirove it; and he never allowed a spirit of par tisanship to control or warp him to any extent. Senator Address of Mr. Nelson, of Minnesota 27 Mallory was a most excellent lawyer, well grounded in the fundamental principles of constitutional and common law, and hence was always able to determine the true legal scope and constitutional validity of any pending bill or proposition. He was barely old enough to serve in the Confederate army and navy during the last two years of the civil war, and his army and naval service no doubt left its impress on his physical constitution, so that he was not as strong and rugged as he otherwise might have been if he had not been engaged in such service; but this ser\^ice, in connection with his legal training, seemed to have equipped him for the important duties of a leg- islator in a very high degree. And he was as loyal and faithful to the welfare of our entire country in all his public duties as though he had never at any time borne arms against her. While he may not have been regarded either as an orator or a great debater, nevertheless he would on occasions discuss im- portant measures in a clear, succinct, and instructive manner. He never spoke for the mere sake of making a speech. He was never given to posing as a legislator for mere show or to attract attention. To him the work of legislation was a serious matter and he was always serious and in earnest in respect to any propo- sition or measure that he had in charge or advocated. He was in no sense a radical, but rather inclined to be conser\'ative, prudent, and careful in all his legislative efforts. Whenever he spoke in this body he was always Hstened to and always gave the Senate valuable information and (kmonstrated that his judgment was sound and that he was i)ossessed of the true con- sen.'ative spirit. A legislative body comiwsed of men like .Senator Mai^i.ory would not be apt to make mistakes, but would move along safe and conservative lines and never drift into slipshod legislation and never pander to public clamor. He took a broad and 28 Memorial Addresses: Stephen R. Mallory national view rather than a mere local ^iew of great legislative problems, and never seemed to be a creature of, or tied down to, mere local environment. He was always a faithful attendant upon committees and upon the sessions of the Senate, and ne\er sought to shirk his duties and his work in any direction. I ser\-ed with him on important subcommittees when I knew his health was poor and that he was hardly in a condition to work, and yet he would stick to his task as faithfully and as thor oughly as though he were in the prime of life. He was a true son of the vSouth, typical of all that is bravest and best among the Southern people, and while his heart and his spirit were with his State and his people, his legislative vision extended to the entire count rv. whose welfare he had at heart as fully and to 3=; great an extent as any member of this body. His State never had a more earnest, a more hard-working, or a more faithful representative in this Senate. He was a most kind-hearted and lovable man, as companionable and as ready to form true and real friendships as any man with whom I have ever come in contact. As a member of the committee on which we were so long associated 1 miss him very much, and I know all his colleagues in this body feel his loss most keenly. The generation of men who participated in the great civil war are rapidly passing away, and in a few years more none of them will be left; but when they have finished their task and finally passed awav and finally surrendered to that inexorable fate that awaits us all, the verdict of history will be that they, both of the North and of the South, were big enough and great enough to unite and cooperate in the great and noble task of healing the woimds of the war and recementing the bonds of the I'nioii and of placing it upon a more pcnnanent and enduring basis than ever, and of zealously cooperating to extend, fortify, and perpet- uate the moral and industrial greatness of our common country ; Address of Mr. Nelson, of Minnesota 29 and it will redound to his glory and be something that his de- scendants may look back to with pride that Senator Mallory was one of the prominent members of this class. In the latter years of his life he was in poor health ; but in the midst of his afflictions, and in spite of them, he struggled along bravely and heroically with his Senatorial duties, always aiming to do his share of the work and never complaining; but I have no doubt that in the midst of it he often felt like exclaiming in the language of Father Ryan : And I am restless still; 'twill soon be o'er; For down the west Life's sun is setting, and I see the shore Where I shall rest. 30 Memorial Addresses: Stephen R Mallory Address of Mr. Cuy, of Georgia Mr. President: My first acquaintance with the late Senator Maluory began in March, 1897. We began pubhc life in the Senate at the same lime. He was elected to the United States Senate by the legislature of Florida for the term beginning March 4, 1897. I was elected by the legislature of Georgia for the term beginning the same time. We ser\-ed continuously together in the Senate for nearly eleven years, and about half of that time we were members of the Committee on Commerce, and I knew much of his serv'ices as a ])ublic man and Senator. We were warm personal friends, and I will not be accused of exag- geration when I say that Senator Maulory had the respect, the confidence, and esteem of every Member of the Senate with whom he ser\ed. He had held many positions of trust and honor in his own State before he was elected a member of this bodv. He had served in both branches of the legislature of Florida with honor and distinction, and had served two terms as a Member of the Lower House of Congress. Mr. Mallory was elected to the United States Senate when he was not a can- didate, and his serA-ices for the first term were so valuable and satisfactorv to his constituents that he was returned a second term without opposition. Had his life been s]iared he doubt- less would have been elected for a third term, for he constantly grew in popularity with the people of Florida. When Senator Mallory first came tothe Senate he was in wretched health, but, notwithstanding this fact, he was diligent, and attentive in the discharge of his public duties, and especially devoted to his work on the Commerce Commjttce, where he was so valuable in secur ing the necessary appropriations to develop the waterways and Address of Mr. Clay, oj Georgia 31 protecl the coast of his State. All of his associates recognized him as a very valuable member of this body. He possessed an analytical mind, reached his conclusions slowlv, but when he formed an opinion his associates rarely questioned the soundness of his views. He was genial, lovable in all the relations of life, was modest, sincere, and hated every form of wrong and loved justice. His life was dominated by the highest moral purpose. His ideals were lofty. I am sure he lived for that which was noble, pure, and uplifting. He made one of the most valuable members of the Committee on Commerce. He took deep interest in the development of our waterwavs, and his opinions on any subject before that com- mittee always carried the greatest weight. He served on sub- committees in solving the most important problems before the Committee on Commerce, and he was diligent in his attendance and untiring in his efforts to faithfully discharge his duty. His intellect was of the highest order, grasping every phase of a subject, overlooking no detail, going to the core of the most complicated problems. In investigating public questions he was actuated bv the purest of motives. He sought to know the verv right of things. He was a man of positive convictions, and was ahvavs moved bv those convictions. Convince Senator M.\LLORY that a proposition was right and no power could move him from supporting the right. While positive and firm in supporting his views on public questions, he was kind and gen- tle, "tender as a woman and guileless as a child," and sincere and loving in his friendships. Florida lies adjacent to Georgia. The people of my vState have always been deeply interested in the growth and progress of our sister State. I knew of Senator Maulory as a public man before he became a member of the Senate, and of his high character and standing in Morida. His growth was a steady one. Each day he grew stronger in tin- confidence and affec- 32 Memorial Addresses: Stephen A'. Mallory tioiis of his associates. During the eleven years that 1 served with him in the Senate I have never heard an unkind word spoken of hint. Both his friends and foes in political life in Florida recognized in him a man of ability, of sterling integrity, and the broadest patriotism. No man can gain and retain the public esteem and affections of the people of his State as he held them without having rare qualities of mind and heart. Partisan considerations and prejudices never warped his judgment, but with an even temper, an impartial mind, he was found where justice and equity prevailed. Everyone who knew him and watched his career pointed to him as an upright man, an able, conscientious, and honest public official. No one ever questioned his integrity, and his private life was without a blemish. , Few men pos- sessed and enjoyed the confidence of their associates as did Senator Mallory. The distinguished chairman of the Com- mittee on Commerce, representing with distinction and ability his State in the Senate for more than a quarter of a century, recognized Senator M.\llorv as one of the most valuable mem- bers of his committee. This high opinion of the deceased was entertained by every member of that committee. He loved his native State. He diligently studied to advance the interests of that State; but he not only loved Florida, but was devoted to the entire country. No one ever heard him speak dispar agingly of any section of his country. He recognized that tiie Republic was composed of States and that the Senator who assaulted any section of his country assaulted the Republic. He acted upon the theory that a Senator who was the enemy of any section was the enemy of his country. Sometimes we are swayed by partisan considerations and are inclined to criticise one section of the Republic in comparison with another Hut our dead friend loved Maine, Massachusetts, Florida, Georgia, Address of Mr. Clay, of Georgia ^3 New York, V'irginia, and every State in the American Union. He had studied the history of his country. He had watched with pride the rapid progress we had made, and his statesman- ship was of the highest character, recognizing that it was the duty of a Senator not only to represent his own State, but to advance in every possible way the interests and welfare of the entire nation. His life is a lesson to the American youth. Although in wretched health, a constant sufferer, he struggled and tri- umphed over difficulties. He rose step by step in the estima- tion of the community where he lived and won one victory after another and at last honorably reached one of the highest places of public life, where his usefulness was recognized by the entire country. How did he achieve success? Why is his memory held in such high esteem by his countrymen and associates in this body? The answer can easilv be made. He led an honest, industrious life, was faithful in the discharge of every duty, and such a life is always properly rewarded. We can say to the American youth: "Follow in his footsteps — lead an honest, industrious life, be faithful in the discharge of every duty, and success will crown your efforts." Illustrious and sterling honesty will always be rewarded. Temporary success gained by undue advantage and dishonor- able conduct will always end in ruin and disgrace. The future of the Republic depends upon the education and training of the American youth. Most of the education and the training we acquire comes from contact with others. Education by asso- ciation and example is a powerful factor in forming character. Association with tin- intelligent, the industrious, and the good tends to elevate and build up. Association with those who lead an indolent, dishonest, and immoral life tends to corrupt and 72901 — S. Doc. 762, 60-2 3 34, Memorial Addresses: Stephen A'. Ma/lory degrade. A life of continued exhibition of high morals, puritv of st)ul, and Christian charily is a source of strength and eleva- tion to any community. The young men of a community respect, honor, and follow such a life. Senator M.\llory was not sensational. He possessed none of the arts of the demagogue. He was not a meteor in the political firmament. He never sought notoriety. He gradualh built himself up in tlie confidence and esteem of the Senate bv real, genuine worth. Ivach day he grew stronger and more useful. But, Mr. President , his work is finished, but his influence will never die. Ml President. 1 ha\e been a member of this body eleVen years, and the mortality of the Senate during that period has been remarkable. Senators who have been members of this body since March 4, 1897, will recall those of our number who have gone to the world beyond. The Senators who have died during this period are as follows: Alalvimu . — John T. Morgan, KdiniiiKl W Pettns. Conntaicut. — O. H. Plan. J. R Hawlcy Florida. — Stephen R. Maluorv. William J. Bryan. loua. — J. H. Gear. Marylatut. — Arthur 1*. Cmrnuin, William Finkmy Wliyte. Massachusetts. — George V. Hoar. Sfichigan. — James McMillan, Russi'll .A. .Mger. Minnesota. — Cushnian K Ilavis. Mississipfn. — Edward C. Walthall. Sew Jersey. — William J Sv«ell South Unhota. — James II. Kyle. Ohio. — Marcus A. Hanna (•rfi;oM. — John H. Mitchell. Pennsylvania. — Matthew S. Quay. South Carolina. — Joseph H Karle, A C Latimer. I ennessee. — William H Hale, Isham G. Harris Vermont — Redlield Prcn-lur, juslm S Morrill Address of Mr. Clay, of Georgia 35 Four Senators who died after ceasing to be Senators were: Donelson Caffrey, of Louisiana; Stephen M. While, of California: Kdward O. Wolcott, of Colorado; George G. Vest, of Missouri. I repeat, Mr. President, that Senator Mallory's growth was a steady one, the result of a modest, sincere, and studious life. In Washington, after laecoming a Member of Congress, he lived the same plain, temperate, economical life. His influence was not derived from social functions, but from work and worth. No scandal was ever connected with his name in either private or public life. He was not the representative of any trust, com- bine, or special interest, neither was he ever engaged in the advancement of his own schemes, using his office as a means to an end. He was a plain, straightforward, unassuming gentle- man, a sound thinker, a fearless advocate of what he believed to be right. Senator M.\llorv was a staunch friend of honest, clean, economical government. He sought in every possible wav to elevate the standard of our civilization, and by precept and example to prepare and qualify our young men for the highest possible standard of citizenship. He abhorred every form of hypocrisy and deceit. He left no doubt upon the minds of those who heard him as to the earnestness of his convictions. Those who differed with him knew he was both honest and sincere. He did" his own thinking, formed his own conclusions, and sought diligently to reach conclusions that were just and right. He believed that a Senator should be under no personal obligations to any power and that a Senator should do his own thinking. He formed high ideals and lived up to them. No man is perfect. Doubtless Senator Mallory had his faults; but if so, 1 was never able to discover them. 1 am glad that such a man lived, and 1 am sure his influence will never die. I most cheerfully place ujjon Ihe records of the Senate my tribute of affection and admiration for the nuniory of the deceased. 36 Memorial Addresses: Stephen R. Mallory Address of Mr. Perkins, of Caufornia Mr. President: The South has been more tlian fortunale in the men she has sent to represent her in the Senate of the United Slates. They have been selected from among the ablest and best of her citizens, and have brought to this Chamber an influence for honest and conscientious endeavor that has com- ported with the high standards set by the greatest of those who have preceded us. We have recently had cause to mouni with her for great and irreparable losses which she has sustained. Some of the most distinguished Americans of this generation who have occupied seats here have been lost to us through death within a year, and among them arc numbered some of the .Souths greatest men. Of these is Stephen Ri'ssEui- M.M.I.OKV. My acquaintance with >Senator M.\li.orv began when he first became a member of this body in 1897. I was instantly attracted to him by reason of his honesty and sincerity, and soon my admiration was awakened through the recognition of those great powers which he possessed, but which his modesty prevented him from displaying, except on such occa.sions as s(Kcially demanded their exercise. But it was not long liefore his ability was fully recognized here, and he took a place among the foremost men of the Senate. I was associated with him on the committees of Naval Affairs and of Commerce, and there had the op[M)rtunity to learn his iKCuliar fitness for such matters as came before us. He was unusually well equipiK-d for the dis- cussion of such business as arose, by reason of his early experi- ence in maritime affairs which excited within him an interest that never flagge<l Me was the s<in of the secretary of the Address of Mr. Perkins, of California ^7 navy of the Confederate States, and in his early youth he was appointed a midshipman in the Confederate navy, and though his service was short on account of the end of the war, he imbibed the spirit which naval training and following the sea gives, and which is one of til? most valuable possessions which a man can have. However short may have been a man's connection with a fighting sea force, there will inevitably be born within him an ambition to emulate the deeds of bravery and self- sacrifice which illuminate all maritime history. The men who sail the seas, whether in an armored vessel of a navy or on a merchantman or fishing schooner, have experi- ences which toughen the moral fiber, which cultivate self-reli- ance, which promote unselfishness, which cultivate generosity, and promote honesty in the dealings of man with man. And the traditions of the sea, which will always be of vital interest to one who has once been connected with it, transmit and per- petuate all these influences which make for courage, honesty, and sincerity. Senator Mallory came within these influences, and in him they contributed to the formation of that strong character which commanded the respect of all who knew him. His devotion to public duty was untiring, and no constituency has ever had a representative here whose interests were more carefully studied. He loved his native State with the ardor which characterizes the affection of all Southrons for the State of their birth. The glamor of romance and adventure which was cast over that fair land by the search by Ponce de Leon for the fountain of perpetual youth, and the name which he gave the unknown region when he saw it brilliant with the flowers of a Palm Sunday nearly four centuries ago, undoubt- edly have had their influence in strengthening the devotion which is felt for it by all who claim Florida for their native State or adopted home. That of Senator Malloky was sweet. 38 Memorial Addresses: Stephen R. Mallory simple, and sincere, as was his own character. Thai devotion accentuated his firm beHef in the doctrine of State rights, which more than once he ably expounded before this body, and his education in the law and his training in the courts made him a powerful champion of the principle that%the States are the possessors of every power not delegated to the Federal Govern- ment by the Constitution of I Ik- United States. Sciiator Mallory began his public career early, and has been conspicuous in State and national affairs ever since. After the war he attended Georgetown College, graduating in iJJGg. He studied law and was admitted to the bar in Louisiana in 1873, and in 1876 was elected to the lower house of the Florida legis- lature, from which he jmssed successively to the State senate, the House of Representatives of the National Congress, and in 1897 to the Senate. His political career presents a record of clean, honest, efficient work, which gained for him the respect of all people and all parties. Those who knew him admired him for his sterling integrity and his genial companitnishii). He was always true to himself, to his convictions, ideals, and his conceptions of the best ])ublic good. His heart went out to all that was good and nolile in others, for he looked u])on the manifestations of high character as of inestimable \aliii- as I'vainpli-s I le once said- is the most |Kilent of i)receptors. The object lesson is the most impressive method of reaching the understanding and shaping the inclination of tlie young, and the oftener we can present to their plastic minds authentic illustrations of character which of it.self conquers adverse environment, rises to eminence by its innate merit, and wins the respect and crstccm of good men and women, the greater flie |irobability of our inspiring those who are to follow us with a /.ealous pur|Hisv to enmlate such virtue. Address of Mr. Perkins, of California 39 This reveals his view of life, its duties, and its responsibilities, and we all know how closely he lived up to that high standard. In his work in Congress he had ever before him the examples of the great men who in years gone by made this body illustrious, and he strove to reach their high level of pure statesmanship. .\nd when he saw that tlie end of life was near he again exhibited that honest simplicity of character which endeared him to all who knew him. He wished that in the last duties which should be paid to him there should be that absence of even a suspicion of ostentation that had always characterized his acts in life. His wishes were respected, and he was quietly laid to rest by the friends he loved. As one by one of our colleagues fail to answer the roll call in the Senate and we realize that we will never again hear their eloquent or persuasive voices, may we not well ask ourselves the question — Oh why should the spirit of mortal be proud ? Like a fast -flitting meteor, a fast-flying cloud, A flash of the lightning, a break of the wave. He passes from life to his rest in the grave. 40 Memorial Addresses: Stephen R. Mallory Address of Mk. Milton, of Florida Mr. President: I have not tlie gill dI language nor of elo- c|uence to fittingly portray the character and attainments of Florida's distinguished son, Stephen Ri'ssell Mallory, whose life, character, and public services we now pause from the cus- tomary duties of the Senate to commemorate a<^d commend. My reason for speaking on this occasion is not that I think I can do him justice, but these words of commendation, veneration, and eulogy, though weak and halting, come from a friend and are the onl\ tribute he can pay. As flattery to the living is unjust, so fulsome praise of the dead seems mockery; therefore I speak of him as I think and feel. More than twenty years ago I met Stephen Rissell Mal- LOKV, and so impressed was I with his worth, pure character, integrity of heart and mind, and nobility of soul that whether he was in the shade of temporary political defeat, or crowned with the laurels of success, I was always his friend, admirer, and political follower. His friendship was an lionor of which 1 feel justly proud. Mr. Mallory was a true type of a southern gentleman and statesman, modest, courteous, wise. He was the worthy son of a great sire, and his life work was full and active, replete with Southern sentiment and instinct but of national breadth and force in its statesmanshi]). He was born November 2. 184S, as the war clouds were gathering over this great land. His father was a member of this body from 1851 to iSfii; there- fore he was reari'd lit the midst of liie activities and battles of intellectual arguments whieli i)reccded the conflict of giant brothers. Address of Mr. Milton, of Florida 41 At the age of 16 he entered the Confederate army of \"ir- ginia, and later became a midshipman in the navy of the South, freely risking his life fighting in that titanic struggle for what he deemed to be right then and believed to be right to the day of his death, the sovereign rights of a sovereign State. At the close of the war he completed his education and began the jiractice of law. But his vState, like other Southern States after the war, was suffering from the rule of ignorance, vice, and robberv. Thinking it his duty to again ser\e his countrv, he entered heartily into the struggle of the people of Florida to redeem her government from negro and carpetbag domination, and in 1876 was elected a member of the Florida legislature. He was elected to the state senate in 1880 and returned again in 1884. In her legislative halls so ably did he serve the people that, feeling his abilities and usefulness should not be circum- scribed by state bounds, he was elected to the National House of Representatives, and served two terms. While here he so well represented the interest of Florida and so favorably impressed the citizenship of his State that in 1897, when the most momentous and bitter strife among Florida Democrats was waged, the representatives of the people turned to Mallory as the only man who could properly represent them ; and although he was not a candidate for the honorable position, he was elected to the United States Senate and reelected in 1905. Here for nearly eleven years he gave to the service of his country the benefit of his ripened intellect. At the age of ,s'>. while in the prime of life and the activity of his intellect, and and while he bade fair to still give years of service t« his country, he was mowed down liy the grim reaper. Death. As a .soldier he was brave and gallant, bearing cheerfully the hardships necessarily imposed by reason of his impoverished 1^ Memorial Addresses: Stephen R. Mallory country. He followed the Hag of the lost cause witii the same zeal, devotion, and self-sacrifice which characterized the hero soldiers of the Confederacy. As a citizen he was law-abiding, diligent in the discharge of his duties, and worked for the advancement of good govcm- iiient. He was modest and unassuming, but courageous and bold in the pursuit of and in the path of duty and never swayed by fleeting public opinion from the right, as he saw it. As a friend he was honest, loyal, and true. He trusted and could be trusted. His conversation was pure, chaste, and full of kindness. His ambitions were noble and his aims and aspira- tions high. He was such a friend that time and separation mattered not; his friend knew at all limes that he could be depended on and that he would only do what was right. He was a lawyer of wide information and knowledge of law. He was faithful to the interests of his clients, and he won the confidence of all b\ his high ideal of justice and right. His well-trained mind was analytical, his reasoning logical, and his conclusions just. He was an able lawyer, a credit to tlie bar, and an honor to his profession. As a Christian he was baptized and had an abiding faith in the wisdom, justice, love, and mercy of his Maker. He well performed his dutv to his neighbor and in his life exemplified the golden rule: Do unto others as you would they should do unto you. As a public man he was broad in his \news and had a ready grasp of national affairs. He was no demagogue, but at all limes a loyal advocate and an outspoken champion of the princi]iles for which he stood. No selfish ambition ever kept him silent or made him swer\'e from his duly to his people. His character and mind were well balanced, conservative, but lx>ld. If he had one trait of character that impressed one more than Address of My. Milto)i, of Floiida 43 anotlier, it was his strict integrity. Mallory's honesty was known, admired, and esteemed throughout the length and breadth of Florida. A prince can male' a belted knight, A marquis, duke, and a' that, But an honest man's aboon his might Stephen RtJSSELL M.xllory was an honest man, the noblest work of God . As a citizen, a soldier, and a statesman he freely gave to Florida and the nation his best efforts. He was earnest, dili- gent, and faithful to every trust reposed in him. His spotless life and character without stain is his best monument, and to succeeding generations will illuminate the path to duty and to honor. And now that his life work is over, his body rests beneath the sod of his loved Florida. The Southern sun, which warmed his heart to love of his native State and filled it with patriotism, now with each returning springtime kisses into life and bloom the flowers that lovingly adorn his grave, and its too warm rays to them as tempered by the soft, balmy southern breezes from across the Mexic Sea, which he loved so well, and his slumber is soothed by the reciuiem of its rippling waves; for he is not dead, but sleepeth, his pure soul having risen, until resurrection's dawn, to rest on high in realms of eternal bliss with his Maker, for — Death's but a [)ath tliat must l)c trud. If man would ever pass to Ciod. PROCEEDINGS IN THE HOUSE Monday, January 6, igo8. MESSAGE FROM THE SENATE. The message announced that the .Senate had passed the following resolutions : Resolved, That the Senate has heard with i^rofound sorrow of the death of the Hon. Stephen Ri'Ssell M.allory, late a Senator from the State of Florida. Resolved, That the Secretary communicate a copy of these resolutions to the House of Representatives. Resolved, That as a further mark of respect to tlie memory of the deceased the Senate do now adjourn Mr. CLARK of Florida. Mr. Speaker, the House has just heard of the death of the distinguished senior Senator from Florida, the Hon. Stephen R. Mai.i.ory. At some future time the Florida delegation will ask the House to set apart a day in order that the Members may pay tribute to the dis- tinguished ]jiiblic services of this illustrious son of Florida. At the present time I offer the following resolution and move its adoption. The Clerk read as follows : Resolved, That the House has learned with profound sorrow of the death of Hon. Stephen R. M.-vllory, a Senator of the United States from the Slate of Florida. Resolved, That as a further mark of respect llie House now adjourn The resolutions were unanimousl)' agreed to. Accordingly (at 12 o'clock and 31 minutes j). m.j the House adjourned. 45 46 Memorial Addresses: Stephen R. Mallory Thursday, Af>ril 2j, 1008. The Speaker. I'eiuling the announcement, by unanimous consent, tiie gentleman from I'lorida [Mr. Sparkman] desires to make a request. Mr. Sparkman. Mr. Speaker. I ask unanimous consent for the present consideration of the order which I send to the Clerk's desk. The Spkakkr. The gentleman from Florida [Mr. Spark- man] asks unanimous consent for the jiresent consideration of the order which the Clerk will rei)ort. The Clerk read as follows : Ordered, Tlial tlie Ilmise shall inccl al i .; iii. cm Sunday, May .1, which shall be set aside for memorial addresses on the life, character, and public services of Hon. S. R. M.xli.ory, late a I'nilcd States Senator frofn the State of Florida. The Speaker. Is there objection i" [.\fter a pause.) The Chair hears none. The <|ucstion is on agreeing [<y the order. The question was taken and the order was agreed to. Mr. Clark of Florida. Mr. Speaker, I ask imanimotis eon sent for tlie preseni consideration of the order which 1 send to the Clerk's desk. The Speaker. The Clerk will report. The Clerk read as follows: (>rdered, That Sunday, May ,^, at the conclusion of the addresses on the life, character, etc., of the late Stephen R. Mallory shall Iw set apart for titcniorial .addresses on the life, character, and public services of. Hon. William I. Hryan, late I'nilcd States Senator I'he Speaker. Is there objection.^ [.\ftcr a pause.] Chair hears none. The <|uestion is on agreeing to the order. The i|Uestion was taken, and the order was agreed to. The Proceedings in the House 47 Sunday, May j, igoS. The House met at i 2 o'clock m. and was called to order \)\ the Clerk, Hon. Alexander McDowell, who caused the follow- ing communication from the Speaker to he read : Speaker's Room. House of Representatives, II ashinqlon, P. C, May J, 190S. 1 hereby designate Hon. John Dalzell, cif Pennsylvania, to act as Speaker pro tempore f<ir tliis day. Joseph Cj. C.\nnon, S pea In). The Chaplain, Rev. Henry X. Couden, D. D., offered the following prayer: We bless Thee, our Father in Heaven, for the imtnutability of Thv character, that Thou art the same yesterday, to-day, and forever; that we are Thy children; that we may rely implicitly upon Thine infinite wisdom, power, and goodness, and that whatsoever Thou dost order for us is better than anything we could desire for ourselves. "Blessed is the man that walketh not in the counsel of the ungodly, nor standeth in the way of sinners, nor sitteth in the seat of the scornful. But his delight is in the law of the Tord ; and in His law doth he meditate day and night. And he shall be like a tree planted by the rivers of water, that bringeth forth his fruit in his season; his leaf also shall not wither; and whatsoever he doeth shall prosper." We thank Thee, our Father, for the great and the true, the wise and the pure, the strong and the brave of every age, who comprehended the light which shone out of the darkness and the meaning of life, caught its spirit, and gave themselves in a faithful service to Thee and to mankind. We are gathered here to-day to pay a tribute of love and resi)ect to two such men- men in whom their fellows reposed confidence and trust, who never deceived, never betrayed that confidence. Init lived jmre. 4« Memorial Addresses: Stephen R. Mallory noble, exemplary lives, and wrought a good work for mankind. Grant that their lives may be an inspiration to us and to those who shall come after us. And bless, we pray Thee, those who were near and dear to them in life, and comfort them with the blessed thought that they shall meet again in a land where love shall find its full fruition in the hearts of the true and the pure. And so may our lives be ordered that we shall he counted worthy in the day of our departure. And Thine be the praise through Jesus Christ our Lord Amen! Mr. Sparkm.w. Mr. Speaker, I ask that the special order of the day be read. The Speaker pro tempore. The Clerk will read. The Clerk read as follows : On motion of Mr. Sparknian, by unanimous consent, "Ordered, That the House shall meet at u m. on Sunday, May 3, whicli shall be set aside for memorial addresses on the life, character, and public services of Hon. S. R. MalwJRV, late a-Unitetl States Senator from the State of Florida." (Order adopted in the House April jj, 1908.) On motion of Mr. Clark of Florida, by unanimous consent, "Ordered, That Sunday, .May 3, at the conclusion of the addresses on the life, character, etc., of the late Stephen R. Mallory, shall Ik: set apart for memorial addres.ses on the life, char.icter, and public services of Hon. William J. Bryan, late I'niled States Senalur " 'Order adopted in the House April 23, 1908.) Mr. Sparkman. Mr. Speaker, I ask tinaniinous consent that all those who may address the House to-dav have pennis- sion to revise and extend their remarks in the Rf.C(IRI). The Speaker pro tempore. The gentleman from Florida [Mr Sparkman] asks unanimous consent that all Memlx-rs ad dressing the House to-day may have leave to extend tluir remarks in the Record Is iln-re cbjection.' riuR- was no objceliciii Proceedings in the House /^g Sunday, May 3, 1908. Mr. Sparkman. Mr. Speaker, I ask unanimous consent for the consideration and adoption of the resolution which I send to the Clerk's desk. The Speaker pro tempore. The gentleman from Florida [Mr. Sparkman] submits the following resolution, which the Clerk will report. The Clerk read as follows ; Resolved, That in accordance with the order of the day, an opportunity be given for tributes to the memory of Hon. StbphE-N R. M-\LLORy, late a United Slates Senator from the State of Florida. Resolved, That as a particular mark of respect to the memory of the deceased and in recognition of his distinguished public career, the Hquse, at the conclusion of the exercises of this day, shall stand adjourned. Resolved, That the Clerk communicate these resolutions to the Senate. Resolved, That the Clerk send a copy of these resolutions to the family of the deceased. The Speaker pro tempore. The question is on agreeing to the resolutions. * The question was taken, and the resolutions were unani- mously agreed to. 72901 — S. Doc. 762, 60-2 4 50 Alemoridl Addresses: Stephen R. Mallory MEMORIAL ADDRESSES Address of Mr. Sparkhan, of Florida Mr. Si'UAKiiK: We are assembled on lliis occasion to ])erforni one of those sad duties thai have become so frequent here during the past few years, that of paying tribute to the Ufe and char- acter of some Member of this body or of that at the other end of the Capitol, who has answered the summons from on high, to which all must give heed and from which none can turn away. All alike— the rich and the poor, the powerful and the weak, the sovereign and the subject — must obey that summons. No station so high as to be above its reach, none so low as to lie beneath the compass of its sound. How frequently, in this body, are we reminded of this sad truth. How often at each session do wc pause in Iho ijroceediags here to commemorate the life and ser\'ices of some one who, in advance of us, has answered the call to go hence. I am not one of those, Mr. Speaker, who regard ser\'ices such as these an idle waste of time. On the contrary, I think we can not use more profitably I lie brief period necessary to pay loving tribute to those honored by the people with commissions to serve them in the National Legislature, and who have gone down before the grim rea])er in the midst of their duties and ere lluir work here has been ilone. Tnu'. we can not. if we would, bring the dead back to life by aught we might say here, no more than the flower dropped upon till 1 :i>.l.ii iir the high jiealing aiilluni above llie bier can lift tin- Address of Mr. Sparkman, o} Florida 51 coffin lid and restore to those wlio remain behind the departed friend or companion. But they all ser\'e a purpose in life. Thev soften the gloom of the death chamber and make lighter the burden of bereavement. Touching, as these simple acts do, the more delicate cords of our nature, they make us better and purer, and strengthen the bonds of sympathy that link all human hearts together. Then, too, the country at large derives a benefit in other ways from such proceedings as these. By them we not only stimu- late patriotism, broaden our political horizon, and temper the asperities engendered by party strife, but, by spreading upon the records here the history of an honored and illustrious career, to be read from one end of the land to the other, we kindle the ambition of the young in every walk of life and stimulate them to nobler effort and grander achievement. No one has ever accomplished aught in any field of endeavor without having been inspired thereto by some one, and few lives are so barren of results as not to furnish a stimulus to still more worthy action by those who may come under their influence. A gifted poet has said; There's never a rose in all the world But makes some green spray sweeter; There's never a wind in all the sky But makes .some bird's wing fleeter; There's never a star but brings to Heaven Some silver radiance tender, And never a rosy cloud but helps To crown the sunset splendor; No robin but may thrill some heart, His dawnlike gladness voicing. God gives us all some small, sweet way To set the world. rejoicing. 52 Mcinonal Addressas: Stephen A". Mallory And in that gein-ladcn potni, Lucile, Owen Meredith gives utterance to the same truth in the following lines: No stream from its source Hows seaward, hinv lowly scjever its course. But what some land is gladdened; no star ever rose And set without influence somewhere; no life Can be pure in its purpose and strong in its strife And ;ill life not be stronger and purer thereby And, sir, if influences for good may flow from humble sources, how much greater results may come from the cqntemi^ation of the life and character of one such as we an- assembled here to commemorate. I can not, perhaps, do better, Mr. Speaker, than to quote a short paragraph from the address by the deceased himself. Eulogizing the life and character of the late James Montraville Moody in the Senate a little more than five years ago. Senator Maluory used this language: Mr. President, it is a natural imi)ulse that prompts those who, by associa- tion or observation, have learned the intrinsic merit of one who has closed a life of usefulness to pay such tribute as can l)e conveyed by our inade- quate powers of expression to the memory of such a career. When Death has placed his imprimatur on the last chapter of our little earthly life story, and what we have done for good or ill has thereby lieconic fixed forever, a part of our irrevocable and unamendable record, it is eminently proper that not tmly those who have the incentive of jK-rstmal affection, but that those who in the casual intercourse of a strenuous existence have had occasion to note exceptional and shining traits in the character and career of one who has passed away forever, should also put in as iicrmancnt a shape as possible the results of their observation. This impulse ouglu to have, and generally does have, with the thoughtful a higher and nobler inspiration than that which evolved the maxim of the ancients which enjoined nought but good when speaking of the dead, lixamplc is the most potent of preceptors. The object-lesson is the most impressive method of reaching the understanding and shaping the inclination of the young, and the oftener we can present to their plastic minds authentic illustrations of character which of itself omquers adverse environment, Address of Mr. Sparkman, of Florida 53 rises to eminence by its innate merit and wins the respect and esteem of good men and women, the greater the probability of our inspiring those who are to follow us with a zealous purpose of emulating such virtue. Senator Mallory's life is one well worthy of being studied. While he had not reached its allotted span nor passed much hevond its meridian, he had trodden the pathway of duty and had lived long, if life be counted by achievement rather than by the flight of years. Although springing from an honored and distinguished parentage, he had, by reason of adverse condi- tions, been compelled to start well down in the humbler walks of life; but, by his own unaided efforts, had climbed, one at a time, the steep heights of success until he had reached the goal of his ambition, the highest point, save one, that may be touched in the field of political endeavor; and that, too, without a stain upon his life or a blot upon his character. How much, then, may we, whether young or old, learn from a career so filled with bright achievement. Stephen Russell Mallory was born on November 2, 1848, in Columbia, S. C, where his parents were sojourning tem- porarily, their home being in Key West, Fla., from which city they subsequently moved to Pensacola. He sprang from Eng- lish and Irish stock on his father's side, his paternal grand- mother having been a Miss Russell and a cousin of Lord Russell, of England, and from Spanish lineage on his mother's side — she having been a Miss Moreno, a lady distinguished for her many quaUties, both of mind and heart. His father was a man of marked ability, and, elected to the United States Senate from Florida in 1851 , ser\'ed the people in that high position until his State seceded, in i86i,whenhe resigned from the Senate, becoming afterwards secretary of the navy in the cabinet of Jefferson Davis, there likewise discharging his duties with dis- tinction until the star of the Southern Confederacy "went down forever in smoke and blood." 1^4 Memorial Addresses: Stephen R. Malloiy Nor (lid the son escajx' tin.- luirdships and perils of that blood- iest of conflicts. Being tiicn at school in Richmond, the Con- federate capital, and where his father's official jxisition had required him to reside, the son, at the call of what he conceived to be the voice of duty, entered Lee's army at the age of 15 years, later being transferred to the navy, in which he ser\'ed as a midshipman on the I'ntrick Henry until the surrender of Lee at Appomattox, when he returned to Pensacola. But only for a brief period did he remain there at this lime, for we soon find him at Georgetown University, in this city, from which he graduated in due time, with distinction. Being without finan- cial means, his father's fortune having been dissipated, as so many fortunes were in that disastrous war, he became a pro- fessor of classic languages in the university from which he had graduated, teaching there for two years', when he removed to New Orleans and began the study of law, supporting himself the while by teaching school. Admitted to the bar in Louisiana, he returned to Florida in 1874, where he commenced the prac tiee of his profession, in which he to<ik at once a commanding position, and that, too, at a bar ever noted for the ability, learning, and high standing of its members. But he was not permitted long to follow without interruption the profession he had chosen. The people of his county, indeed of the State, had a use for his ser\'ices in the political field. In 1876, a period in Florida as well as over the entire South when partisan feeling ran high, he was elected to the lower house of the Florida legislature, where his talents and high character at once jilaced him in the front rank of Florida's public men. a l>osition he ever afterwards retained. Fleeted to the state senate in i88<j, he was reelected in 1884, ;dl the while continuing the practice of law, except when engaged in the performance of hisolTicial duties. In i8i>o he wa-^ I'lnird Address of Mr. Sparkman, of Florida 55 to the Fifty-second Congress and reelected to the F^ifty-third, serving the people with that fidelity and conscientious regard for duty which characterized him throughout his entire life. Prom his seat in this body he retired to private life at the end of the Fifty-third Congress, broken in health but not in spirit, still with the determination to give the best that was within him to the world in which he lived. His retirement, however, was not to be for long, for in 1897 he was elected to the United States Senate, and reelected without opposition in 1903, serving well' the State whose commission he bore until death laid its hand upon him on December 23, 1907. This, Mr. Speaker, is but an outline of a remarkable career, but from it, even if we knew no more, we might easily fill the space within. I have only touched the more prominent eleva- tions along his jiathway, but from these resting places we can easily discern the difficulties of the course he trod, and picture to ourselves his struggles to surmount them, until finally he reached the goal of his ambition, the highest point for which he strove. A soldier at 15 under the greatest chieftain of the South in one of the most gigantic struggles the world has ever witnessed; a civil war veteran at 17 ; a graduate and professor in one of the first colleges of the country at the age of 21 ; a lawyer with a large practice in the city where his childhood had been spent at 26; a member of the lower house of the legislature of his State at 28 ; twice a state senator between then and his thirty-sixth vear; twice a Congressman ere he had reached the age of 45, and then with broken health ten years in the greatest lawmak- ing body in the world; finally, after years of physical suffering, yielding to the ravages of disease and falling under its pitiless assaults, but with earthly honors thick upon him; these show not only a remarkable career, but indicate the traits whicli gave 56 Memorial Addresses: Stephen R. Mallory success — commanding talents, honorable anibilion, singleness ol purpose, energy in the discharge of duty, unyielding determina tion, and a well-rounded character. It was my good fortune, Mr. Speaker, to know Senator Mallury intimately, and particularly after he had been hon- ored with a seat in the Senate. I have seen him in private and public life, have met him in the social circle, accompanied him in political campaigns, observed him in the performance of his official duties at the other end of this Capitol, and know full well the cjualifications he possessed for the work demanded of him and the fidclit\ with which he served those who had intrusted their interests to his keeping. But if I were asked to specify the leading trait in his character, I would unhesitatinglv say that it was his high sense of honor. No political or other exigency could make him swerve from what he conceived to be the path of right. The voice of the tempter is heard in all the walks of life. With no less frequency, perhaps, is it whispered in the ear of him engagetl in civil strife, and the temptation to sacrifice con- victions to political exigency is sometimes great, but fortunate is that constituency represented by one who. willi an honest heart and a clear head, will, seeing the right, dare to do it in the face of the probable disapproval of that public on whom he relies for support. That t rail the subject of this sketch possessed in a high degree. Mistakes he may have made now and then in the support of men and measures. Who lias not made them? Hut if such there were, they were of the head and not of the heart. And in saying that, Mr. Speaker. I have perhaps said all that is nec- essary to be said of Stephen R. M.xllokv. For he who pos- sesses this characteristic can ever l)e trusted by those he si-r\es. In the life of such a man, the conditions being given, friend and Address of Mr. Sparknuni, uj Florida 57 foe alike will know what his action will be. With the star of right to guide him, he ever moves on a straight line to the end of the way. Another characteristic of Senator Mallory's, which, after all, is but one of the many aspects of a high sense of honor, was his fidelity to his State and the people he represented. He ever had their interest before him and never lost an opportunity to serve them when able to do so. I have referred, Mr. Speaker, to the condition of his health. Indeed, he entered the Senate in 1897 an invalid and never afterwards did he regain his accus- tomed vigor. Often, to appearances, near death's door, he remained at his post of duty, except when compelled to absent himself on account of the severity of the disease from which he suffered. Going in and out of the Senate Chamber, but a shadow of his once strong and robust physique, though his body might be racked by pain and weakened !)>• fever, he never failed to respond to the request of a constituent, no matter how hum- ble or obscure, when able to leave his bed. Frequently 1 have seen him in the vSenate Chamber with a high fever participating in the deliberations of that body, or at the departments serving some friend or constituent, when prudence and a proper regard for his waning health and strength should have kept him in his room. But his sense of duty was such as to cause him to disregard his phvsical condition as long as an obligation claimed by a constituent or imposed by his official position remained undis charged. With him duty was first, everything else, including health and physical comfort, secondary. Knowing of his ill health and the drain wliicli disease and suffering had made upon his strength, 1 have wondered at his ability to perform so well his official duties. I'.esides attending to his correspondence and departmental work, he kept well up with the proceedings 58 Memorial Addresses: Stephen R. Mallorv of the Senate — often engaging in the discussions of thai body. Ill fact, there was scarcely a great measure before the Senate while he was a member there upon which he did not speak and whieh was not rendered more lucid by his utterances. Senator Malloky, while a partisan, was not a bitter one, and although his arguments were presented with force, his kind- ness of heart was such that his language left nothing to rankle in the heart of an adversary. While standing firmly by his con- victions, he was magnanimous and liberal to all. He was not quick to take offense, and never intentionally wounded the sensibilities of another. He was always in earnest — never a iriller — but regarding every subject at all worthy of his con- sideration as meriting his best efTorl lie conducted the discus- sions in which he engaged upon a high plane. Such in part, Mr. Speaker, were the leading characteristics of S. R. Malujky. But he is gone. As the last eventful days of 1907 were slipping away into the centuries that have passed his spirit laid aside its wasted abode of flesh and took its flight to the God who gave it. But though with us no more, his memory still lingers in our hearts. Indeed, such a life is never lost in death nor buried in the grave, but passes out upwn the years to cheer mankind as the centuries go by. The world is better for his having lived in it, and rich indeed is the heritage of those he left behind or who may come after him. Of him it may be truly said he left I'ocilpriiils (111 Ihc s;iii(ls nf liiuc. I^ootprints llial iktIi;ii>s andllicr. Sailing o'er life's s<iliMiin main, A fiirlom and slii|>wrcckcd hrotluT Seeing, shall lake heart again Address of Mr. Paytie, of Neiv York 59 Address of Mr. Payne, of New York Mr. Speaker: My first acquaintance with Stephen K. Mallory began in December, 1891, when he entered the Fifty- second Congress as a Representative from the southern district of Florida. He came here when his party was in the full flush of victory. The McKinley tariff act became a law on the 6th of October, 1890, and the election was held only a month later, before the act had gotten into full operation. Its various pro- visions were magnified by the imaginations of the people and there was a universal feeling and apprehension that prices on all commodities would be enormously high under its operations. 1 remember well seeing large placards in the stores announcing that certain goods would be sold at a certain price and that now was the time to buy, because on the next invoice they would be compelled to advance the price 25 per cent because of the opera tions of the McKinley law. There was no partisanship either in the display of these placards, because the>- were seen as fre- quently in stores owned by RepubUcans as those of the opposition party. The result was an overwhelming Democratic majority in the House of Representatives, elected in the fall of 1890; and in 1892 his party came into full power in both the executive and legislative branches of the Government. Here was a great opportunity for a newly elected Member. Mr. Mallorv was fresh from service in both houses of the Florida legislature. He had a mind well ^;rained in statecraft. Vet being a new member he was largely overshadowed by many of the old-time leaders in his party, and with his naturally modest and retiring disposition did" not bring himself so much to the front as he would have done under nthcr circumstances. I got 6o Memorial Addresses: Stephen R. Mallory to know him well during his service here in the House, although we were not on the same committee in any instance. He was of gentlemanly disposition, of friendly nature, a man of warm friendship, and always courteous in his bearing and intercourse with his fellow Members. He was defeated for renomination in 1894 by the present popular and able Representative from that district, the Hon. Stephen M. Sparkman. The success of Mr. Sparkman was a tribute to his wide popularity in the district. But it is a great tribute to the character of Mr. Maluorv that though defeated for Congress in 1894 he was elected to the Senate in 1896 for the term commencing March 4, 1897. He at once took high rank in that body as a patient, persistent, hard-working Senator, a man who looked for results and not for oratorical display. He did not bring himself into the lime light, but was content to work out quietly his plans, with the result of unusual success. lU was reelected to the Senate in 1902, having been renominated by a vote in the primaries without opposition. His fatal illness overlook him in November last, and the subsequent days of his life marked his character for industry and devotion to duty His last speech was delivered in this city on the Sunday evening before his sickness, and the last article from his pen was com- pleted only a few hours before he was stricken with his fatal malady. He fully realized the condition of his health some time before his death, as he declined to be a candidate for reelection to the Senate and also declined any position of chairmanship of a committee in the Senate. His last request showed the sim- plicity of his life; he desired that no committee Ix.- appointed to attend upon his funeral and that the services be of the simplest character. It is a remarkable fact in the career of Mr. Mallory that he enlisted in the Confederate army at the age of 15 vears and Address of Mi . Payne, of New York 6i became a midshipman in the Confederate navy in the spring of 1865. He retired as a veteran of the war at the age of 17 years. Mr. Mallory's devotion at this early age to the Confederate cause is but a fair example of the fealty of the men of the South during those sad and bloody years of fratricidal strife. In common with millions of his countrymen he believed the cause of the South was right, although this belief is now generally conceded to have been a mistaken one as to the question of whether the United States was a nation or simply a confederacy; yet all are willing to concede the general good faith of those adopting the latter view who risked their lives in their vain endeavor to sustain it. Now everywhere their valor is recog- nized. The heroism which sent boys at 15, or even younger, into the field side by side with old men, tottering on the verge of the grave, showed a sturdy determination and valor never surpassed in history. However we may differ on other ques- tions relating to the war of the sixties, none of us can forget that these men were Americans, and well illustrated the fighting blood shed on every field from Lexington to San Juan Hill. 62 Memorial Addresses: Stephen K. MalLory Address of Mr. De Armond, of Missouri Mr. Speaker: On occasions likt ihis we are impressed with a sense of the narrowness of the round of life — a rejoicing over the advent into existence in this world, a buffeting of its billows and a braving of its storms, an enduring of its trials and a sharing of its joys and triumphs for a brief period, and then scenes like this, where the sur\4vors gather to pay tribute to those who arc gone. The subject of our memorial remarks had quite a remarkable career. Into few lives is there crowded so much of iiistory as may be written about the man of whom we speak to-da\ . .\ soldier, a sailor, a legislator in each branch of the legislature of his State, a Member of this House of Representatives, and a member of the Senate of the United States, and yet death readied liim before old age iiad come, and when he had but by little passed his meridian. Into few lives is crowded so much of work and of glory. To but few is it given to render so much of public ser\'ice. I came to Congress at the time Senator .M.\i.l<>kv entered this House. I served with him in the Fifty-second and Fiftv-third Congressi'S, and in lliat time came lo know liiiii <|uite well. As others have remarked, lie was modest and unostentatious in the discharge of his duties. His effort seemed to be to find the right side of questions and to adhere to the right as he saw it. The devotion of his State to him and the signal manner in which it honored him is evidence of itself that he served the people of that State, both in his Congressional district and ifti r«:ir<K in (he State at large, faithfullv and well. Address of Mr. De Armond, of Missouri 63 It is a comparatively rare thing for son to succeed father, directly or remotely, in the membership of this House. It is still rare for son to follow father in membership at the other end of this Capitol. It is a notable fact that the service of the son in the Senate in this instance is about equal in length of years to the Senatorial service of the father a generation earlier. What an amount of history was made in the period during which this young man was upon the boards as an actor in life. In that time was our great civil war, one of the mighty con- flicts not only of modern times but of all time, and he was an actor in the scenes, both upon land and upon sea. The events of that war were so tremendous, the results of it are so far- reaching that even those of us who may have given the most thought to the subject perhaps but feebly comprehend the full significance of what then happened, and what has resulted and what will result from what then happened. In another respect the career of Senator Mallory is some- what remarkable, because in the death chain his name is linked forever with the name of his successor. It is surely an ex- traordinary and perhaps an unprecedented event that upon the same day, in the same Chamber, tributes are paid to the memory of a departed Senator and to the memory of another departed Senator who followed him, his immediate successor in the Senate and in death. With what audacity does Death tread upon the heels of Life! How fleeting is earthly existence, and how rapidly are the scenes shifted ! The vacancy in the Senate made by Senator M.vllory's death was filled by the appointment of young Mr. Bryan. He came here in the flush and strength of young manhood, and yet in a few weeks mourning friends followed him to his last resting place, as mourning friends had followed his predecessor to the tomb; and to-day in this Chamber tribute will be paid to his 64 Memorial Addresses: Stephen R. Mallory memory, as well as to llie memory of the Senator who preceded him in office and in death. Senator Mallory's abilities were of a solid, substantial, and accomplishing kind, if I may use the expression. A modest man, he never sought display and never attempted it. His pur- poses were high, and tht'' means by which he tried to accomplish them were worthy of the entls in view. His aim was to serve faithfully those who intrusted him with public duties and their interests in this Capitol and elsewhere, and without exaggera- tion and without favor or partiality we may well say his ser\'ices were faithful and efficient. It is often a matter of curious study as to who accomplishes most in a given forum in this life and what means are the best for the accomplishment of desired results. Perhaps each can accomplish best the task set before him by his own methods and in his own ways, by the employment of his talents in the ways that are natural for him, because the natural ways of each of us are better for each than the superior ways of others which we might try to copy or follow. This man, not gifted with extraordinary brilliancy, not possessed of display talents, used faithfully and persistently, honestly and courageously the substantial talents which were given him; and the faithful use of these is what results in the attainment of the desirable things of life. Brilliancy dazzles momentarily, startles, perhaps gratifies, but steady work, steady persistence in the pursuit of an object, steady aim in the ac- complishment of what is laid out for accomplishment — that is what produces results, that is what in the main makes the world better, advances a good cause, and retards that which is bad. Some are of the opinion that ser\'ices and exercises such as these are merely formal and ought to be dispensed with I am Address of Mr. D'e Armorid, of Missouri 65 not of that mind. I believe that it is worth while for us in this everyday, plodding life of ours to throw in a dash of sentiment where we can. Life is an extraordinary mingUng of tragedy and comedy, the most wonderful thing of which we can con- ceive, the one wonderful thing of which we have experience from our entrance into it until our departure from it. It is entirely fitting that those associated with a worthy man in his life and in his work when he is gone should turn aside from their everyday performances to pay a tribute of respect to his memory, a tribute that may be paid honestly because it is richly merited. Of course the departed is neither benefited nor injured by what we say here, nor by our failure to say any- thing. He is gone beyond the realm of temporal things. Tem- poral voices no longer reach his ear, temporal concerns no longer command his attention. It is rather for us and for those who follow' after us ; it is rather in the example and effect upon humanity in general, that exercises like these have their meaning and use. It is no idle ceremony to pay tribute to the memory of such a man as Senator Mallory; an honest, sincere, worthy man, honored far beyond the average of American citizenship; nota- ble by the honors heaped upon him, and by his conduct so worthy of them. In him we have lost a friend and coadjutor in the work of good government; and in our several ways and with our varying lights, blinded sometimes and warped by our prejudices, in the main, I like to believe, we seek good govern- ment and its good results. One who battled with us and who wrought by our side, one who was a helper and a friend, is gone; and in a comparatively short lime — for life is fleeting, and soon the longest life ends — we who are yet in the flesh shall have performed our part in life, well or ill, and also shall have gone hence. 72901 — S. D<ic. 762, 60-2 5 66 Memorial Addresses: Stephen R. Mallory May it be our good fortune when the lime comes for kind, loving friends to say something concerning us, to have such records that they may honestly speak well of us, as we this day may honestly speak well of him to whose memory we would pay the tribute of abiding reverence. Address of Mr. Lawrence, of Massachusetts 67 Address or Mr. Lawrence, of Massachusetts Mr. Speaker; It is not my purpose at this time to speak at length of the Ufe, character, and services of Senator Mallory. That privilege belongs properly to those who knew him longer and more intimately than I did. I do desire, however, to pay a brief tribute to one whose whole career was characterized by a splendid integrity and an absolute fidelity. When he passed away a great loss came to his State and section, but more than that, Mr. Speaker, a great loss came to his country. The sorrow felt by his friends, neighbors, and associates was shared by those who lived in more distant parts of our land and who admired and respected this brave and useful man. In the fall of 1864 he was but a boy of 15 years, yet he enlisted in the Confederate service and fought for the cause in which he believed until the war was over. He then taught school and studied law. He had, however, hardly entered upon the prac- tice of his profession when he was elected to the lower house of the Florida legislature, and for ten years was a member of that body and of the state senate. So satisfactory was his record there that his constituents sent him to Washington as a Member of the House of Representatives. He had been a United States Senator since 1897. Practically his whole life, therefore, was given to the public service. He had the entire confidence of the people of Florida, and in return he gave them the best that was in him. He was an intense patriot. He loved his Southland, and during the days of civil strife showed that he was willing, if need be, to die for its people. His military record was marked by fidelity and fearlessness. When the war came to an end he showed like 68 Memorial Addresses: Stephen R. Mallory fearlessness in confronting the distressing difficulties which fol- lowed it. From that hour he devoted hiinself with all his might not alone to bettering local conditions, but to the welfare of the whole country. And how eagerly have those associated with him in public life testified to the signal ability with which he discharged his duties. Senator Mai^lory was brave, courteous, kindly, the very soul of honor; in a word, he was a true Southern gentleman. I have listened with great interest to the affectionate and eloquent tributes which have been paid to him to-day, and I was espe- cially touched by the reference made by my friend [Mr. Spark- man] to the pluck and determination shown by Senator Mallory hi pressing steadfastly on with his work in spite of ill health. There was something very thrilling in that recital of daily battle with disease by one who "though his body might be racked by pain and weakened by fever, never failed to respond to the recjuest of a constituent, no matter how humble or obscure." I think we do not always realize how much of heroism there is in such a life. It calls for a finer courage than that shown upon the battlefield. Companionship with a man who carries cheer- fulness with him and goes on with his work in spite of physical ills is inspiring. It drives away melancholy, and makes the world a better place to live in. I have also been impressed by the many references to his rugged honesty. In these days, when there have been revelations of dishonor in public and private life which have shocked and alarmed us, it is indeed uplifting to contem))late the life of a man whose record is without stain. Mr. Speaker, a strong man has gone; a life of rare usefulness is ended ; the record is made up. As the years pass by, it will Ik- realized more and more clearly how great is our loss. A noble constituency which he ser\'ed so devotedly and unselfishly can Iw dejxiided upon to see to it that such sinice is ever gratefully remembered. Address of Mr. Brantley, oj Georgia 69 Address of Mr. Brantley, of Georgu Mr. Speaker : The friends and admirers of Stephen Russell Mallory, late a Senator from the State of Florida, received a great shock on December 23 last when the news of his death at his home in Pensacola, Fla., was flashed across the wires. That shock settled into a deep and profound sorrow as we here and elsewhere came to a full realization of the great loss we had sustained. The hearts of countless numbers became and are filled with mourning because of his passing away. This House, of which he was twice an honored Member, took fitting and proper action on his death when notice of same was recdved, and meets to-day to permit its Members to pay a last final tribute to his memory. Some, more gifted in speech and beautiful thought, will sing his praises and sound his virtues in grander and more harmonious tones than others less gifted can do, but the heart of each will be in his song and each sorig will be a song of love, for Senator Mallory was beloved by all who knew him. So far as he is concerned, our exercises this day are vain and futile. He has solved the mystery of life and of death and is bevond the reach of our words. We can not contribute to his happiness or his glory; nor can we, by our most affectionate thoughts or tenderest words, provoke the faintest sign of recog- nition from him. He has passed from our midst and the things that are earthly concern him no more. As he could not in Ufe by taking thought add a single cubit to his stature, so w^e to-day by taking thought can not add to the stature of manhood and of fame that he for himself carved out of the life that was given him to live. ■JO Memorial Addresses: Stephen K. Mallory VVc pav honor therefore to his memory with no thought save that of paying honor where honor is due; and in truth by that which we do we but honor ourselves. It has been truly written that it is not all of life to live nor all of death to die. We know the former; we believe the latter. We need not enter the realm of speculation nor invoke our re-' ligious faith to know that it is not all of life to live. Poor indeed would be the Ufu that at its closing could point to no other achievement than that of mere existence, and poorer still would be our great country if the lives that have made it glorious had been pitifully empty and useless lives. But it is not all of life to live, when that living has been filled with mighty deeds and crowned with works of beneficence, for such a life in the hearts and minds of those who knew it lives on and on. The grave marks the ending of the physical life, but there is no ending there of memory, and a man's works live after him. I'hc influence of a good and useful life furnishes hope and cour- age and is an inspiration to nobler and better things. This influence for neither its beginning nor its ending takes any note of the hour when the life that gave it birth passes from time into eternity. It was such a life that Senator Maludry lived, and it is because of it that now, when his physical life is ended, we meet to utter words of love and praise about him. The short sketch of him that appears in our directory but faintly reveals the busy and useful life he lived. It shows, however, that he was called to many positions of honor and trust, and those who knew him know that he was faitiiful and tme in every instance. Before he was 16 years of age he Ix'came a volunteer in the Confederate anny to do battle for his beloved Southland, and from that hour until his last expiring breath he was loyal to the noblest and best traditions of the people he loved and the people who loved him. Address of Mr. Brantley, of Georgia 71 One by one the old soldiers of the South, who, after the "bloody conflict," were called to the patriotic service of a re- united country, are passing away. The roll call on the other side of the river is lengthening, while here it is growing shorter and shorter. One of the last to leave us and to swell the great majority on the other side was Senator M.^LLORY. We grieve and lament his departure, while hosannas of joy welcomed his answering "present" to the roll call over there. No better or more efficient or more loyal service to the Stars and Stripes has been rendered here than has come from these old soldiers of the South, and among them all there has not been one more patriotic nor one more consecrated to duty than Senator ]\L\llory. He was a scholarly man, and his mind was a great "storehouse of learning. He was fitted by nature, by inheritance, and by training for the great work of statesmanship. His people recognized this, and for almost half of the fifty-nine years he lived he was engaged in the arduous and exacting work of making laws. He served in both branches of his state legis- lature, and he served in both branches of the Congress of the United States. He knew the science of government as but few men learn it, and the Constitution was the chart and guide to which he clung at all times and in all cases. He leaned to the school of strict constructionists, and he ever questioned the exer- cise of any jDower by Congress plain warrant for which could not be found in the written delegation of power. The sover- eign State found in him a stanch defender, and no knightlier blade was ever drawn in defense of a just cause than that drawn by him in defense of what he believed to be the reserved power of the States. So gentle, however, was he in thought, and so polished and persuasive in phrase and word, that no opponent met him but to admire and be disarmed. Whatever 72 Miiiioiial Addresses: Stephen R. Mallory the result of the conllicl. it left no fei'linj; (if (.nniitv or rt-Miii ment. Senator Malloky was not merely a student and defender of the Constitution, but he was a man of action and of deeds. He was a man of theories, but he put his theories into practice. The improvement of the harbors and the waterways of his State and country greatly interested him, and the results in this direc- tion that he accomplished speaks a greater eulogy of his achieve- ments than can any feeble words of mine. He was much con- cerned for the protection of the South from the invasion of yel- low fever, and our present quarantine law is largely the result of his labors. He was a stanch believer in the future of his State and of the South. He ever had before him not only their present great- ness, but their greater possibilities, and whatever of law, what- ever of speech, whatever of precept that lay within liis power to induce the realization of these possibilities was ever at the ser\'ice of his people. In all this he was neither sectional nor partisan. He was simply true to those who first re|X)se(l their trust in him, for truly his labors were not confined to his own section. He was a man of broad and national views and loved his whole country, and he ser\'ed it all and served it well. So clean was he in his methods and so u])rightly did he walk in this body that he jjossessed the confidence and esteem of both sides; and as it was here, so it was in the upper House. He was the friend of all his associates and all his associates were his friends. He was by instinct a gentleman, and his cour- tesy was as unfailing as the atmosphere of honestv in which he lived. He was of kind and sympathetic disixisition, and while he knew law and statesmanship and government he als<i knew |>eople. He never los^ sight of (lie individual, and was ever readv to i-xtend a helping hand to the nei-dy and distressed. Address oj Mr. Brantley, oj ijeorgia 73 While sick and suffering for many years before his death, no murmur of complaint came from his lips, but he was ever, in sickness, as in health, the generous friend and the ready sym- pathizer. He gave aid and sympathy, but he sought neither for himself. Quiet and unobtrusive, one had to know him to thoroughh appreciate him, but once knowing him his personality was im- pressive, and those who knew him did not forget him. But few who have served in this body knew the city of Wash- ington so well as he. He was here as a student and here as a teacher long prior to his advent into political life. This Capital City of the nation lost a friend when his life went out — a friend who not onlv knew and understood its needs, Ijut who was pow- erful to aid. There are many in this city, as elsewhere, who have cause to remember his broad and catholic spirit, who know his work for and interest in the boys and girls of the country, and who know of his zealous efforts in the cause of education — a cause near and dear to him throughout his public career. His influence was ever on the side of the weak and helpless, and he left no stone unturned to carry education, to carrv aid and sustenance to the dependent children of the land. In his death education has lost a friend, virtue and morality a stanch adherent, and his country a devoted, loyal son. In every walk of life, wherever he was known, his death is de- plored; but while we deplore it, we, at the same time, rejoice that he was permitted to live and that we were permitted to know him. 74 Memorial Addresses: Stephen A'. Mallory^ Address of Mr. Lamb, of Virginia Mr. Chairman: The Stale of I-'lorida has been unforlunate in losing two senators within a short space of time. Indeed, the grim monster has played sad havoc in botli Houses since this session of Congress began. We are constantly reminded that we have here nn continued city and that death is no respecter of persons. In the death of Stephen Russell Mallory the Stale of Florida has lost a usefnl citizen, the Senate of the United States a valuable and distinguished member, and his colleagues in Ixjth Houses a warm hearted and genial friend, whose splendid traits of character endeared him to all who enjoyed the pleasure of his acquaintance and friendship. For several years I was thrown with him at the same table and in his room at the hotel where we both lived, and am there- fore as well fitted to speak of his life and character as any Member of Congress outside of his own delegation. I loved to hear him talk, and found inspiration and instruc- tion in communion with Iiim. We had much in common. We were both soldiers in the civil war — he in the Navy, I iu the cavalry service. Being the elder of the two, I was longer in the service, for he entered at 15 years of age and was a veteran of that war at 17. He often told me of riding around the defenses of Richmond when a mere lad of 13 years. He seemed to love esery foot of ground around that historic and lovely city, and he knew many of the leading families of the place, who exhibited a fortitude and courage during four long years that has never been surpassed, if eijualed, by any jK'ople in all the tide of time. Address of Mr. Lamh, of Virginia 7c It is no wonder that after entering the Confederate army as a private, he subsequently entered the navy as a midshipman, for his distinguished father, of the same name, was the secre- tary of the Confederate navy during the four years of the war between the States. He had been a distinguished Member of the United States Senate and chairman of the Committee on Naval Affairs, and also a member of the Committee on Claims. He refused the appointment of minister to Spain in 1888. He also declined to serv^e as chief justice of the admiralty court of Florida when that State seceded from the Union. Jefferson Davis appointed him secretary of the navy, which he accepted and held until the close of the war. It was here that he mani- fested the wisdom of the choice of the Confederate president, for he succeeded in organizing a navy where none had previ- ously existed. In proof of the wisdom of this choice and the work performed I quote a monograph by Major Gorgas. He says : We liegan, in April, 186 1, without an arsenal, laboratory, or powder mill of any capacity, and with no foundry or rolling mill except at Rich- mond, and before the close of 1863, within a little over two years, we sup- plied them. During the harassments of war, while holding our own in the iield defiantly and successfully against a powerful enemy — crippled by a depreciated currency — throttled with a blockade that deprived us of nearly all means of getting material or workmen, unable to use slave labor, with which we were abundantly suppUed, except in the most unskilled department of production; hampered by want of transportation, even of the commonest supplies of food; with no stock on hand even of articles such as steel, copper, leather, or iron, which we must have to build up our establishments — against all these obstacles, in spite of all these deficiencies, we persevered at home as determinedly as did our troops in the field against a more tangible opposition, and in that short period created almost literally out of the ground foundries and rolling mills at Selma, Richmond, Atlanta, and Macon; smelting works at Petersburg; chemical works at Charlotte, N. C: a powder mill far superior to any in the United States and unsur- ■jd Memorial Addresses: ^lepluii R. Mallory passed by any across the ocean, and a chain of arsenals, ariiionrs, ^iml lalioratories equal in their capacity and improvements to the tiest of those in the I'nited Slates, stretching link by link from \'irginia to Alabama. The inheritance from and the example set by such a father must have contributed largely to the development of the char- acter and the forming of the life of our late friend and col- league. In 1865 young Mallory matriculated in Georgetown College, was graduated, and for soiue time filled the chair of classical languages. While teaching school in Mew Orleans in 1870 he read law and was admitted to practice by the supreme court. In 1876 he was elected to the Florida legislature. In 1880 he was elected to the lower House of Congress and reelected two years later. He was elected United States Senator in 1897 and reelected in 1902 for the term expiring March, 1909. He died in December last at the age of 59 years, leaving a splendid record and an untarnished name. He literally died with his harness on, resisting lo the last the fatal disease that had been preying on his constitution for years. He delivered a speech to the Knights of Columbus the Sunday night liefore he was taken very ill. A few hours before he was stricken he compiled an article for the Christmas edition of one of his State papers. His was the simple life in many respects. In evidence of this his last request was that no Congressional delegation Ik- ap- pointed to attend his fimeral and that the ceremonies Ix- of the simplest character. His taste was cultivated to a degree. In many years of association with him I never heard fall from his lips an unkind or hastv word. He suffered much. 1 have been in his room when he was racked with pain, but never heard a murmur or a word of complaint. He possessed patience for the small sor- Address of Mr. Lamb, of Virginia yj rows of life, as he had shown courage for the great disappoint- ments that came to him and those he loved in his early youth. He appeared to me as a link between the old time and the new when together we discussed the issues of 1865 and the characters of the men who figured in the civil and military life of that stormy time. He knew many of the leading men and officers. He had judged them from the view point of youth, and these impressions wore off with his student life. He knew only what he had gathered from history of the trials and hardships and sufferings of the rank and file of the Con- federate army. History has not yet told and will never fully portray the heroic sacrifices and unquenchable spirit of the men and officers of the Southern army. In addition to the simple life and patience that marked the character of our deceased colleague I was often struck with the correctness of his judgment and his strong sense of justice. He was fair to his opponents in debate, and rarely, if ever, did he lose his equanimity of temper. He was a safe counselor. He was sincere and frank always. It might be said of him "That he was a man that would swear to his own hurt and change not." If he possessed some of the weaknesses that attach to our frail natures, I did not observe them. Inheritance, association, and education combined to make of Senator Mallory a model character. That these together fitted him in an eminent degree for the responsible duties of a legis- lator the public records of Congress, running through more than a decade, will amply show. That he was warm-hearted and affectionate was clearly shown by the manner in which he often spoke of his family and kindred. I often thought that his simple and somewhat' exclusive life was possibly the result of self-imposed sacrifices for the good 7^ Memorial Addresses: Stephen R. Mallory of others. This world has many such lives. The period in which our colleague lived and was reared and educated produced such characters. Sacrifice was the lot of all. It was necessary. Besides, it was contagious. It was in the air and filled I he- hearts and molded the lives of men and women. The youths who drank in this spirit every day and watched it make heroes of beardless youths and angels of mercy of women raised in the lap of luxury, could but drink at the foun- tain of waters of sacrifice that flowed in blecdinj^ wounds around the beleaguered city, and spent its force in the hospitals where diseased and mutilated humanity appealed for aid and sym- pathy. The records of Congress in both Houses will hand down to future generations the public life and services of our colleague. Mad he been blessed with robust health there is no calculating the greater e.xtciit of his achievements. Had his party been in the majority he would undoubtedlv have been one of its al)kst leaders. Those who knew him best will long regret his untimely end. particularly the men in both Houses nearing the "three score and ten." who look upon a Member of 59 as vet young and active. Another trait of character stood out prominently in Senator M.\Li.<)Rv's life. It was the virtue of gentleness, the crowning grace of great and good ini-n. He possessed this in an eminent degree It lul()e<l no doubt to endear him to a loyal and devoted constituency. It I>()uik1 him as with hoops of steel to those who knew him best and loved him most. It will keep green his memory in their minds and hearts when the scenes in which he figured shall have faded and the public acts in which he participated become, as it were, ancient history. Address of Mr. Waldo, of New York j^ Address of Mr. Waldo, of New York Mr. Speaker: While I had known of vSenator Mai.i.orv and of his distinguished life and services for many years, my personal acquaintance only started from the year iqo6, when I first came to Congress. His whole life, as has been stated here perhaps many times, was practically spent in the service of the public, commencing with service as a soldier at the age of 15. There are few men who have passed through personally so much of the history of this country as did Senator Mai^uorv and yet have died comparatively young. He was not, from all that I have read or heard or have known of him, a man of exceptional brilliancy in any way. He was a simple, plain, unostentatious .\merican citizen who was devoted to whatever duty came before him. When I first met him I was particularly impressed with this characteristic — a man of such distinguished services in almost all branches of the public service and yet as unassum- ing and modest as a schoolboy. He seemed to be an example of the kind of modest, hard, simple, plain work upon which the very life of our great Republic was founded. It is such men as Senator Mallorv that carry on the work of this country and of the world. They ask for no reward except the knowledge that their work has been well done. If anything can justify or does well justify such ceremonies as these, it is the calling to our minds and to the minds of those who come after us that such attention to duties, without the desire or the seeking for ap- plause, the attending to whatever comes before us at the moment, is the one thing that is worth while in this life. It is the one thing upon which the stabilitv of human affairs depend. 8o Memorial Addresses: Stephen R. Mallory Address of Mr. Sulzer, of New York Mr. Speaker: On this sad and solemn occasion we meet to pay a most desen-ed tribute to the memory of a good and worthy man — Stephen Russell Mallory — late a Senator in the Congress of the United States from the grand old Common- wealth of Florida. It is fitting for us to pause for a short space of time to con- template the march of grim death that within the past year has deprived us of seven distinguished Senators, who have passed away to their eternal reward. What a commentary on the un- certainly of this frail and transitory life. They were all great men and faithful public servants. The mortality in the .Senate has, I believe, been greater during the past few months than in anv other like time in all the h...iory of our country. Call the roll of the illustrious dead. Morgan and Pettus, the grand old men of Alabama; the genial Latimer, of South Carolina; the stately William Pinkney Whvte, of Maryland; Keufield Proctor, the sturdy oak of \'ermont; and Mallory and Bryan, the popular idols of the land of sunshine. They were men upon whose like we shall seldom look again. Their places can not be taken. They leave a void which can never be filled. The death of these noble men is an irreparable loss to their States and a misfortune to the country they served so faithfully and so well. All dead within a year! All friends; and all gone to their eternal reward and final rest. TIkv were all mv friends. I knew them will I served in Congress with them all. 1 was a friend of eacli. I grieve witli ihos^' who grieve, I mourn with those who mouni. Address of Mr. Sulzer, of New York 8 1 Thev were all true men, all honest men, all great men, all loyal friends, heroically serving their country and working for the good of mankind in the vineyard of the people. How sad it all is to lose such friends: Friend after friend departs; Who hath not lost a friend? There is no union here of hearts That finds not here an end. ■■ Mr. Speaker, the career of Stephen Russell Mallory is a ni'i interesting one. It teaches a lesson we should all learn. He crowded much in the active years of his instructive life. He was a worker, a plodder, and he made progress and history. He was born on the 2d da\' of November, 1848, in Pensacola, Fla., of distinguished parents. He was the worthy son of an illus- trious sire. The father made history; so did the son. That story is a part of the annals of our country. Every youth in the land should read it. At the age of 15, in 1863, ybung Mallory entered the Con- federate army as a private, and subsequently served with dis- tinction as a midshipman in the Southern navy. The great con- flict over, he entered Georgetown College, in the District of Co- lumbia, in November, 1865, and graduated with high honors in June, 1869. He taught a class at the college until July, 1871; then was admitted to the bar by the supreme court of Louisiana, at New Orleans, in 1873; subsequently, in 1874, he removed to Pensacola, Fla., a:id began practicing law; was elected to the lower house of the legislature in 1876; was elected to the senate of Florida in 1880, and reelected in 1884. He was elected to the Fifty-second Congress and ri'elected to the F'ifty-third from the First District of I'lorida, and then- -the crowning glory of his career — the legislature of Florida elected him to the United States Senate for the term beginning March 72901 — S. Doc. 762, 60-2 6 82 Memorial Addresses: Stephen R. Mallory 4, 1S97, and he was unanimously rctkcled in 1903. He received the degree of doctor of laws from Georgetown University in June, 1904; and, had he lived, his term of service in the Senate would not have expirwl imtil Maicli ;,, im<"). Hut in the midst of his arduous labors came the inexorable call of the dread messenger of death. In the month of November, igo?, he suffered a general break- down as the sec|uence of an illness of some ten years' duration. On December 16 he announced that because of the condition of his health he would not be a candidate again for reelection to the United .Stales Senate, and shortly thereafter, on the 23d day of -last December, he died, in the fifty-ninth year of his life, re- spected and honored and loved and mourned b\ all who knew iiim. But he left us a priceless legacy — One of the few, tlic ininmrtal names, That were not horn In die. Senator M.xli.okv, Mr. Si)eaker, was a Democrat of the old school, true to the teachings of the fathers. He had no pre- tense. He did not know what it was to be untrue to himself or false to any man. He was a man of the simjjle life, of courteous wavs, and of genial manners. He was a quiet man, without display or ostentation. He cared naught for the pomp and circumstance of the world. He had a gentle manner, a lovable disjiosition, a magnanimous mind, a kindly character, and was hospitahly personified. He had clear ideas of life, fixed views of things, well-defmed iirinciples, nmch detcnnina- tion, great force of character, and the love for his native S<iuth- land was the inspiration of his life. He was broad minded in his views, tolerant of the o])inions of -others, and he believed in the greatest liberty for the individual consistent with the liberty of every other individual. He was farseeing and sagacious, a wisi- ctmnselor, a true friend, and a Address of Mr. Sulzer, of Xew York <S3 safe guide. He was the foe of every special privilege and fought the good fight, in Congress and out of Congress, for equal rights to all. He had a great mind, a good heart, a genial nature, and a kindly word for all. He was a student, a lawyer, a soldier, and a statesman. He was a cultivated gentleman without fear and without reproach. For years he suffered much, but he bore the ills and pains of mortal disease with Job-like, patience. Amid all his suffering he worked on with a smile on his pallid face and a fortitude that commanded the admiration of all. He did his dutv to the last. He died in the sers-ice of his country. He knew that death was near, yet he had no fear. Beneath his calm exterior there beat an unconquerable heart that never quailed, that never doubted, that never failed, that never mur- mured, and that never complained. He welcomed the final summons, and when it came he bade farewell to earthly things, and in his quiet way, so characteristic of his earthly life, he quietlv journeyed to that undiscovered country from whose bourne no traveler returns. Sleep sweetly, lender heart, in peace I Sleep, holy spirit, blessed soul. While the stars burn, the moons increase. And the great ages onward roll. S4 Memorial Addresses: Stephen K. Mn/lory Address of Mr. Clark, of Florida Mr. Si'Kakivk: It may not he gi-iicrally known that. allliou>;li Florida was admitted into the Union of States on the ,?d day of May, 1845, this is the first time since she became a member of the Federal I'liion that a .Senator from F'lorida or a Rep- resentative from that State has died during his tenure of office. The first to die while engaged in active scr\-ice was Senator Sticimien Ri'SSELL M.m.i.dkv. onl\- to be followed in a few weeks h\ liis successor, William Jamks Hkvan. F'or nearly sixty- three years of F'lorida's history as an American Stale the liand of death was never laid u]K)ii a single one of her reiiresenla- tives here in either House 1 1 seems a strange dispensation of Providence, and one tlial 1 shall not undertake to fathom, that almost within the inoiilh after Senator Mali.okv had fm ished his labors and gone across the river the young Senator a])])ointed to succeed him should also be called from his labors here. I was asked, Mr. Speaker, a few days ago by a gentleman, what was the distinguishing characteristic of Senator Mallury? I answere<l without hesitation, and I think that would be the answer given by all the i)eople of Florida, that his most distinguished characteristic was his sterling, rugged^ uncom- promising honesty under an\- and all circumstances. As has been said by gentlemen who have paid tribute to him to-day, he did not rank in that class of American statesmen known for tiieir great brilliancy, known for their gifts of magnificent oratory, but he was painstaking, he was careful, lie was loyal, he was true, and he was honest. Address of Mr. Clark, of Florida 85 No step in his life, whether as private citizen, whether as a practitioner at the bar, whether as a member of the Florida legislature, a Member of this House, or a member of the Senate, was ever taken except with the purest of motives and the most patriotic of purposes. I knew Mr. M.xllorv personally for nearly a quarter of a century. I have gone with him over the State of Florida in political campaigns. I have known him well during all that time and, although we have had in the State of Florida at times fierce factional differences, the opponents of Senator M.\llory always knew that he would never stoop to anything that was improper or unfair to achieve an advantage. The people of the State of Florida, I think, loved Mr. Mallory probably with an intenser affection than anv other of her sons. People who bitterly opposed him in the field of politics admired, honored, and respected him. I think I can sav, too, Mr. Speaker, for him something that is exceedinglv rare in American politics. Having been a Member of this House for two terms, as has already been mentioned, he was a candidate for a third term, and having been defeated by the present occupant of the chair [Mr. Sparkman], he retired to his home at Pensacola and assumed his position as a quiet citizen, taking up his work as a lawyer and lending every possible aid in the upbuilding of the city and State he loved so well. In 1897 there was a fierce Senatorial conflict before the legis- lature of Florida. Mr. Mallory was not a candidate. The contest was between others. After this contest had dragged its weary, and bitter lengths for some weeks and it seemed im- possible that either of the contestants could be elected, some gentlemen who were not supporters of either of the two promi- nent candidates got together and it was suggested that they send for Mr. Mallory. 86 Memorial Aildressi's: Sti'phiti K. M a/lory They ttlegraphcd iur liiin. and he came to Tallahassee. I remember how he looked when he arrived. The dread disease wliicli eventually carriid liini off was llun upon him. Pale and emaciated, he was hardly recognizable by the friends who had known him in the \ears before. He had a conference that night with the gentleman who had sent for him, and the next day, without the expenditure of a dollar, without a promise of any character, he was elected to the United States vSenate. In 1904, without the expenditure of a cent, he was unanimously renominated, and in 1905, without an opponent, and without the expenditure of a dollar, he was unanimously reelected as a Senator. I believe it is generalh" conceded among the people of the State of Florida that if his health had improved he would have been returned for the third time to the Senate, with practically no opposition. Mr. M.M.LoKv's lifi- will always be an inspiration to the youth of Florida. It (i»i;ht to be an ins]Mration to the youth of this whole country. What he was he had car\'ed out for himself, because as has been so well stated, he was left in his early vouth to strike out for himself, without money and without aid. He has never Ix'cn "found wanting" in any jwsition of honor or trust to which his fellow-citizens have called him. Modest, imassuming, and generous, he was a model citizen; honest, sin- cere, and patriotic, he was a faithful public ser\ant; candid, kind, and unselfish, he was a genuine friend. He despised hvpocrisv. He would spurn success sicured at the sacrifice of honor. He never comprised with wrong or winked at fraud. The Senate may have had abler memlicrs, but no man who ever sat in that august body was more thoroughly consecrated to the cause of right than was our dead Senator — Stufmiun Russeu, M.M.i.i>Ky. o ic ^•09 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 013 787 813 6 rV'tV,'WVVVo''''i';i '" '' •"■''■''M.'M K ;■ '■s:# ;''';;■; ;'w:'';t;v] !KV;:;)mffijP m^M).