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Full text of "The Stewarts of Ballintoy : with notices of other families of the district in the seventeenth century"

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1825692 



TflEYNOLDS HISTORICAL 
GENEALOGY COLLECTION 




1833 



393 7401 



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CLOe &*syQ 







182569: 



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j\. 7"HILE traveling in Ireland during the 
summer of J 926, I obtained copies of 
the Ulster Journal of Archaeology, a 
quarterly magazine, no longer published. 



There appeared in the 1900 and 1901 num- 
bers of this quarterly a serial article, "The 
Stewarts of Ballintoy," by the Rev. George 
Hill, written by him in 1865, and corrected by 
him in 1900. 

Thinking this article would be interesting 
to the Stewart Clan on both sides of the 
Atlantic, I have had same reprinted. 

I am collecting data on the Stewart or 
Stuart family, prior to 1800, with the idea of 
preserving same and perhaps helping those 
who may be seeking information about the 
family of Stewart. Any manuscript, family 
record, or printed matter will be appreciated. 

J. ADGER STEWART 
4780 Crittenden Drive 
Louisville, Ky.,U. S. A. 



THE 



Stewarts of Ballintoy 

WITH NOTICES OF 

OTHER FAMILIES OF THE DISTRICT 

IN THE 

SEVENTEENTH CENTURY 



By the Rev. GEORGE IT'LL 

COLERAINE: 
JOHN M'COMBIE, 7, MEETING-HOUSE- STREET 



1865 

Jibe Stewarte of Ballintoy 

"Out of monuments, traditions, private recordes, fragments of stories, passages of 
bookes, and the like, we doe save and recover somewhat from the deluge of time." — Bacon's 
Advancement of Learning. 

[ The extreme scarcity of this pamphlet— the writer's first work— renders a reprint most desirable. A few 
notes and some corrections have been made under the guidance of the Rev. George Hill, who is able to revise 
the proofs of a work written by him thirty-five years ago. — Editor.] 

HE Stewarts of Ballintoy, in common with most other Scottish 
settlers on the Antrim coast, were originally descended from 
an Irish stock. According to our most competent authorities, 
this whole race may be traced backward to a very remote period in 
history, and may fairly claim as its founder a prince named Loarn 
who, in conjunction with his two brothers, Angus and Fergus, led an 
expedition from Dalriada, on the Antrim coast, into Scotland, about 
the year 506, and permanently laid the foundation of the Dalriadic 
Monarchy in that kingdom. 1 The descendants of Loarn and Fergus 
occupied the highest positions in the Scottish kingdom during the 
entire period of its existence from the commencement of the sixth to 
the close of the sixteenth century. From the family of Loarn sprang 

1 It is remarkable that many traditions still exist in Argvleshirc and the Isles pointing to the Dalni lir 
invasu.ns from the Irish coast. The last and m ,st successful of these inv usirms was th "it alreidv , i 

the text Loarn, the eldest brother, established himself in the Northern part o Argy es I i \ ngu Kond 
brother held .la and some adjoining islands whilst Fergus took possession of the whole penin u a no known 
as Cant, re t is more than probable that the latter landed in Machrihanish ll.av, nearly opposite to I o v 
castle as the beauuful g en slret hing eastward from that bay, in Cantire. has borne the lunTo ! " rf 'rgu ^ 
the territory of K-rgus. from the remotest times. It would appeal that the inhabitants of this CJIen probably 
more than hose of any other locality on th- Sottish coast, continued to keep alive an intercourse Von ,. , 
age. with their kinsfolk dwelling alone the Antrim shore. The Chronica kcotonn, r ecc >rd« ; i i„ the yea« 
684 and 693 this channel was fro/.en quite over, and that the duellers on the opposite casts wee he I ', 

of paying reciprocal v,s,ts to each other whilst the ice remained. J. K. Campbell, the edi'tor of "Popular Tale) 



T h e S t e w arts of Ball i n t o y 

several of the earlier Dalriadic kings, together with a wist multitude 
of great thanes and chieftains, among whom prominently appear the 
hereditary Stewards of Scotland. The family of Fergus, the younger 
brother, supplied by tar the greater number of occupants to the throne, 
including Robert Bruce, the hero of Bannockburn. Margery Bruce, 
daughter of the latter, became the wife of Walter, the Steward of 
Scotland, and thus husband and wife belonged to the same illustrious 
race, although time had obliterated all traces of immediate relationship 
between their families. They represented two leading branches 
sprung from the same stem, and their son, who became Robert If. of 
Scotland, was the first of the Stewart line of kings. 

During the minority of the latter, his grandfather, King Robert 
Bruce, conferred upon him a grant of the island of Bute, whose fertile- 
soil and salubrious air had long. rendered it attractive as a royal resi 
dence. 1 During the existence of the island kingdom, the Lords of 
the Isles invariably spent a portion of the season in Bute, ami hence its 
Gaelic name, Eilcau Bhoid, "the Island of the Court/' The Hebrides, 
generally, were known as Hibudae or Ibudae, the Isles of Buda; they 
derived their individual or specific names from incidents in their history, 
or peculiarities of soil or appearance, but Bute, from time immemorial 
has retained its original generic name of Buda, or the "royal residence." 
At an early period it was held alternately, and sometimes as a joint 
possession by the great families of Stewart and MacDonnell. About 
the year 1050, Walter, the first Stewart, obtained a grant of Bute from 
Malcolm II. Afterwards, the island changed masters several times, 
and its possession, became a subject of fierce contention between the 

of the West Highlands, orally collected" devotes one chapter of his highly interesting book (Vol. I., pp. 394 — 409) 
to a collection of u hat he calls riddles. One of these "riddles" undoubtedly refers to the frosts in the years 
684 and 695, although the lintrcpretation does not appear to have presented itself to Campbell's mind. The 
riddle is as follows:— 

"1 can go over on a bridge of glass. 

And 1 can come over on a bridge of glass. 

And if the glass bridge break. 

There's none in lie (Isla) nor in Kirinn 

\\ ho can mend the bridge of glass.'' 
This ancient shred is, probably, with the exception of the brief notice in the Chronica Scotorum, al! that 
remains to us of the history ot those two dismal and disastrous > cars. ( In the subject of the Dalriadic colonies 
there exists a helpless ignorance even in quarters where one would not expect to meet it. A writer in the 
North British Review (Vol. xxxix., pace 131.) actually speaks of Dalriada, not as a principality, but as the 
name of a prince who came from Scotland to establish himself in Lister! The following are this urit.-r's 
words: — "The mythical history of Ireland relates the formation of a Scottish settlement in Ulster at a very 
early period, under the leadership of 1 )alriada, and the fall of the Cruithnian capital before the forces of another 
Scottish prince." Truly this is mythical history, for it has never been written or read by .my one in Ireland! 
A Gaelic poem of great ami |uity, generally termed the Aikanic Duan, and a genealogical MS., the most ancient 
now knou n to exist, point distinctly to the Irish origin of the Islesmen and High: indtncn of Scotland, Kvcn 
so late as the sixteenth century, the Lowland Scotch spoke ot .their neighbours in the Highlands and Isles 
as the "Yrishe" or the "Yrische men of Scotland," or the Scottish "Irishrie," and of their language as 
the "Erisehe," or "Erse."- ('. He, tanea De Hel us Aihanicis, pp. 25, 27, 111. For ample information respecting 
the Dalriadic colonies, see Ish^r's Works, Vol. VI., p. 137; OT'lahertv's <> vein, p. 464; Ogvgia Vindicated, 
p. 162; Chalmcr's Caledonia, I., p. 2o'> : O'Connor's Dissertations, pp. 297, ^)7; I'inkerton's Enquire, Vol. II., 
pp. 61— 87; Reeves's Keel. Antiqu... p. 31''; Adamnati's Life of St. Cutumha, edited by Dr. Reeves, pp. 443 — 438. 

1 Another feature no Irs- attractive is the pictures, pie beauty of this island. Pennant, in speaking of it, 
thus expresses his admiration — " I he throstles, and other birds of song, fill the groves with their melody 
nothing disturbs their harmony, for instinct, stronger than reason, forbids them to quit these delicious shades, 
and wander like their unhappy master (the then Karl of Bute) into the ungrateful wilds of ambition." Miss 
Sinclair, when describing a sail through the Kyles of Bute exclaims: — "I should lik<- to live a hundred summers 
equally divided among the hundred places we passed during those feu hours." Di. Macculloch winds up a 
long, glowing account of the same locality, by sj> ing that "the K> les of Bute resemble nothing on earth." 

Flint, Michigan 



The Stewarts of B allin t o y . ' 3 



Scots and Norwegians. Towards the close of the eleventh century, 
Bute was ceded to Mangus Barefoot, king of Norway, and his daughter 
having wedded the king of Man, this island was given to the latter, as 
a portion of Ins wile's marriage dowry. Her daughter married Som- 
hairle, or Somerled, the great thane of Argyle, and the latter soon 
afterwards seized Bute and other portions of the island- kingdom, not 
in right of his marriage, but simply as a conquest. On the death of 
Somhairle, his youngest son Angus, inherited Bute, who, with his 
three sons, was slam in the year 1210. James, one of his sons, left a 
daughter and heiress married to Alexander, the then high Steward of 
Scotland, who, in her right, claimed the island. The last MacDonnell 
who owned this remarkable place was Angus of Isla, their descendant, 
married to Agnes O'Cahan, a daughter of the chieftain of Dunseveric 
Castle. 

Whilst the young prince, Robert, resided in Bute, he formed an 
unauthorised union with a lady whose name was Christian Leitch, by 
whom he left one son, John Stewart, created the first sheriff of Bute. 
From 1445 to 1450 we find the crown lands of Scoulogmore, in the 
Southern Division of Bute, were held by a lady named Christian 
Leche, and the rents, together with ome mart, due yearly out of those 
lands, were regularly remitted to her by gift from James II. Was the 
lady of Scoulogmore the mother of John Stewart, the first sheriff: 
If so, she must have survived her princely lover many years. In 
1510, James IV., confirmed to Master Henry Lech, the lands of Kerry- 
lamond, Meikle I.owpas, and Little Lowpas, in the lordship and sheriff- 
dom of Bute, of the old extent of £6 16s 8d, which had been held by 
his father Thomas Lech, and his predecessors beyond the memory of 
man, the grantee paying yearly a silver- penny as blenche ferme, and 
giving his services as chirurgeon when required. 1 In connection with 
this point, it may be worthy of remark that the female name Christian 
has been preserved in various branches of the Bute family, ami was 
borne by several ladies of the Stewarts of Ballintoy. 

John Stewart, first sheriff of Bute, was succeeded by his son James, 
in 1449. James died in 1477, and his son Ninian inherited the family 
estates, together with the hereditary office o sheriff. Ninian was 
succeeded by his eldest son, named also Ninian, who married Janet 
Dunlop, and by this union added considerably to the family estates. 
In addition to the lands inherited by him in the Southern Division of 
Bute, he came, by his marriage, into possession of others in Rothesay, 
the Northern parish of the island. Ninian left two sons, James and 
Archibald, the former of whom became hereditary sheriff, and the 
latter succeeded to his mother's property in Rothesay. lie was known 

1 Origin*} Parochiales Scoliae, Vol. II., pp- 213, 831. 



T h c S t e iv arts of B a 1 1 i n ! o y 



as Archibald Stewart, of Largyan, or Largeane, and, in 154-1, he became 
an influential leader in the rebellion which Matthew Stewart, F.arl of 
Lennox, at the instigation of Henry \ III., organized in opposition 
to the Regency of Arran, during the minority of Mary Queen of Scots. 
On the failure of that movement, the Laird of Largyan was among 
the first to suffer forfeiture. In the year 1546, Queen Mary granted 
to Colin Campbell, of Ardkinglas, the 46s 8d lands of Largeane, the 
20s lands of Candgawan-e, the 20s lands of Downald Mac-murricht, 
and the 20s lands of Downald Mac-mychaell, all of which had belonged 
in feuferme to Archibald Stewart of Largayan, but had reverted to the 
Queen "by reason of escheat for his treasonable going beyond the realm, 
with Matthew, late Earl of Leuinox, who was a rebel, and at horn, to 
the kingdom of England, remaining there, giving advice and assistance 
to the Earl, and the Queen's enemies of England, and abiding with 
them within the realm of Scotland, for the destruction of the same, 
and of the lieges by fire, homicide, and robbery, committed within the 
bounds of Ergile, Bute, and Arran." 1 Me was permitted to retain a 
small shred of his estates, but this "fell swoop" reduced his family to 
comparative indigence, and compelled them to look around for "fresh 
fields and pastures new." In 1559 the last remnant of his property was 
sold, and soon afterwards his sons made their appearance on the Antrim 
shore. The period of the Plantation of Ulster is erroneously supposed 
to have been the time of their coming. The Stewarts of Tyrone and 
Donegal, who came from Galloway, settled in Lister during the Planta- 
tion; but the Stewarts of Ballintoy must have come much earlier, as 
several families of the name were residing throughout the Route at 
the commencement of the seventeenth century. In the absence of 
positive evidence as to the precise time of their arrival, we would he- 
disposed to fix the year 1560, as this date corresponds with the period 
when the family lost their estates in Bute, and also with the circum- 
stances of their subsequent history in this country. The first settler 
(his Christian name is doubtful, but is supposed to have been James) 
left two sons, Ninian and David, and two daughters, Jane and Chris- 
tain. Ninian the elder was the father of a large family, but only three 
of his children, namely, Archibald, Ninian, and Cathrine, lived to 
mature age. These successions, however, occurred previously to the 
year 1600, so that the family must have been settled on this coast at 
least as early as 1560. 

Tradition affirms that their first place of settlement was Dunsevcrick, 
and that from thence the family removed to a place called Ballinstraid 
(now Straidh), in the parish of Ballintoy.- In 1625, Archibald, al- 

1 Orients Parochialts Scotiae, Vol. 11., p. 2.14. 

- There were several influential families of this name in Ballintoy parish, anJ also on (tie opposite coast of 
Cantire. Their original seat or residence in l.allint v was at Altmorc, now known as the Deer Park, from 
which the family removed to the castle built by them at an early period, near the site of die present church. 
This structure was afterwards occupied by the Stewarts, but it has entirely disappeared, nearly a century ago. 



The S t e w arts of B a 1 1 i n t o y 



ready named, received a grant from Randal MacDonnel!, first Earl of 
Antrim, of the two districts known as Ballylough and Ballintoy, each 
containing four quarters of land, Irish measure, for the yearly rent of 
nine pounds sterling. This grant included Sheep Island and "the 
other little islands of the Camplie," probably the isolated rocks where 
kelp could be obtained from the sea-wrack. The Earl reserved the 
salmon fishing of Portnalarabane, (now Larry ban) and the Deerpark 
occupying the whole ridge of highland south of the village of Ballintoy, 
and known then as Altmore. Besides, he claimed as landlord, all the 
Hawks bred on these lands, which were no doubt numerous; but whether 
he expected Archibald Stewart to catch them for him, we cannot say, 
as the terms of the grant leave this matter conjectural. Stewart was 
bound to sub-let his lands only to Scotch tenants, and to supply a 
certain number of men at every general Hosting that might be found 
necessary. All tenants were allowed to cut as many trees as were 
required to build houses and make farm implements, a privilege of 
which they must have liberally availed themselves, as the district of 
Ballintoy has been quite destitute of trees for a long period. In April, 
1625, John MacNaghten, agent to Lord Antrim, gave formal possession 
to Archibald Stewart, of Lisfermling, in the name of all the other 
lands specified in the grant. 

On the death of John MacXaghten, in 1630, Lord Antrim appointed 
Archibald Stewart to succeed him as agent. So long as the first Earl 
lived, this situation was desirable in many respects, but his Lordship 
died in 1636, and from that year Stewart's troubles and misfortunes 
began. The second Earl of Antrim was imprudent and ambitious. 
He had represented to Charles I. that he could raise and equip a large 
force in Antrim, which would serve effectually to check the proceedings 
of his Majesty's Covenanting enemies in Scotland. The King was but 
too glad to catch at any hope of aid, and wrote urgently to the Lord 
Deputy Wentworth to encourage and assist Lord Antrim's project by 
every means at his command. Negotiations and inquiries of various 
kinds were instantly commenced by Lord Antrim, not only with Went- 
worth, but with several of the MacDonnell chieftains in the Highlands 
and Isles of Scotland, and in all these perilous transactions Archibald 
Stewart was required to take a prominent part. In 1639, he was sent 
to Scotland for the purpose of ascertaining how far Lord Antrim might 
trust to the co-operation of the MacDonnells against their great enemy, 
the Earl of Argyle, who was then the recognized leader of the Coven- 
anters. He performed his task with great tact and discretion; but on 
his return, he found that Wentworth had begun to suspect that Lord 
Antrim's promises of assistance were made without having the means 
of practically carrying them out. Of course, all friendly relations 



T h e S t e tv a r I s o f B a 1 1 into y 



between these nobelmen soon came to an end; but, as the King kept 
urging Wentworth to "set Antrim on Argyle" without delay, it was 
necessary that the Deputy should continue to consult with Lord 
Antrim respecting the contemplated invasion of Argyleshire, and 
Stewart was the agent through whom such consultations were con- 
ducted. At length, all idea of the projected expedition was given up, as 
neither Lord Antrim nor the Government had any means at command, 
and as Wentworth always doubted the expediency of committing so 
important a trust to one whom he believed to be incompetent as a 
leader, and of whose motives he had begun to entertain serious doubts. 
Indeed, the Lord Deputy did not hesitate to declare that Lord Antrim, 
through a pretended zeal for his Majesty's service, aimed at purposes 
of personal aggrandisement, and intended to employ the Government 
troops in wresting from Argyle certain lands which had formerly 
belonged to his (Antrim's) ancestors. Unfortunately for Stewart, he 
was regarded as a sort of accomplice in the business, and was charged 
by the Council in Dublin with misleading them as to Lord Antrim's 
capabilities and intentions. Wentworth, in writing to the Duchess of 
Buckingham, speaks of her husband. Lord Antrim and "his man 
Stewart," as acting deceitfully towards himself and the Government. 

In 1635, Lord Antrim, then Lord Dunluce, married Kathrine 
Manners, only daughter and heiress of Lord De Roos, ot Hamlake, 
afterwards Earl of Rutland. This lady had been previously married to 
George Villiers, Duke of Buckingham, who was assassinated in 1624. 
When married to Lord Dunluce, she was enormously rich, having 
inherited largely from her father, and being splendidly endowed by 
her first husband; but all this wealth, together with what could be 
gleaned from the Antrim estates, was not enough to meet their expendi- 
ture in England. By way of economising, the Duchess condescendingly 
came to reside in Ireland, in 1639, and made Dunluce Castle her principal 
place of abode. But she was compelled to My from it by the events of 
1641, when she returned to England, and never afterwards revisited 
the Antrim shore. Her household was the last that ever warmed the 
old walls of Dunluce. 

On the 2nd of September, 1639, she addressed the following letter, 
from Dunluce, to Wentworth, then Lord Deputy: — 

"My Lord, I was in hope, till very lately, that all your displeasure taken against my 
Lord had been past; but in letters sent me out of England, I was assuredly informed your 
Lordship was much disgusted still with him, which News hath much troubled me. I cannot 
be satisfied without sending these expressly to you; and I Ixseech you that what you do 
conceive, deal clearly with me, and let me know it. I must necessarily be included in your 
Lordship's anger to him; for any misfortune to my Lord must be mine, and it wiil prove a 
great misfortune to me to live here under your Frown. Out ot your goodness you will not, 
I hope, make me a sufferer, who never have dserved from you, but as your Lordship's most 

Faithful Servant, 

K. Buckingham." 



T h e $ t c w arts of B a 1 1 i n t o y 



In Wentworth's reply, there is the following passage:— 

"Your Ladyship desires me to deal clearly with you, am! otherwise 1 never practised 
with any. And as for rr.y Lord .Antrim, your Ladyship might do well to advise him to the 
like inanner of proceeding. For I must needs confess myself not satisfied, finding in the 
late proceedings here with this state, his Lordship returned me artificial tor simple and 
ingenuous dealing;— and that himself and his man Stewart, endeavoured to turn the 
improbability and impossibility of that design upon me as a fault, whereon to excuse 
themselves; whichmethought was not so fair, to make me accountable, for that in the 
conclusion, where I had no hand or privity at all originally." — Strafforde's Letters and 
Despatches, Vol. II. , pp. 386 — 7. 

Scarcely had this affair terminated, when the rebellion of 1641 hurst 
in all its horrors upon Lister. No man in the county of Antrim was 
more actively employed than Stewart in attempting to avert, or alleviate 
the dire calamities which then suddenly overwhelmed the Protestant 
inhabitants ol the Route. His chief, the Earl of Antrim, had made a 
hasty exit from Dunluce to Dublin, being undecided in his political 
sentiments and consequently suspected by bath the Government and 
the Irish. Stewart was, therefore, compelled to meet the dangers of 
the crisis comparatively alone, and the difficulties of his position were 
very much increased by an act of imprudence into which he was, no 
doubt, betrayed, by the influence of his landlord. This act consisted 
in receiving and confidentially entertaining Allaster MacColI Mac- 
Donncll, whom Stewart had met in Scotland when engaged on his 
political mission in 1639, and whom Lord Antrim represented as a 
helpless fugitive from the vengeance of Argyle. 

It was true that his father's house had been broken up in Colonsay 
by the calamitous civil war which then raged in Scotland, but the son 
of Colla Kittagh, in coming to the Antrim coast, at that particular 
crisis, was suspencted of having another and less harmless object in 
view than merely visiting his friend, Archibald Stewart, at Ballintoy 
Castle. 1 These suspicions were fully borne out by subsequent events. 
On hearing of his arrival, the Government ordered his immediate 
seizure and imprisonment, but Stewart interposed, and, as he was 
known to the civil authorities as a loyal and most useful magistrate, 
his influence prevailed in screening Allaster MacColI from the rigour 

1 Alexander, or Allaster MacDonnell was the son of Coll, surnamed K\lla:h, or left-handed, who was the 
son of Gillaspick. who was the sen of Coila surnamed duv na-gCappul, or "Black Colla or the Horses," who 
was the son of Alexander of ! s 1 a and Kintyre, who was the son of John executed on the Burrow Muir, near 
lidinburgh, in 14 >3, w ho was the son of John, who was the son of Donnell surnamed Ballot h, 01 the "freckled," 
who was the son of John surnamed Mor or "large-bodied," (married to Margery Bissett of the Giynns of 
Antrim), who was the son of the "good John of Isla," Lord of the Isles by his second wife, Margaret Stewart, 
daughter of Robert 1 1. Coll Kitlagh, so well known in Scotland during t lie civil war in the reign of Charles I., 
was born ay Carnrig, or rather on a small island in Loughlincli. When his grandfather, Colla duv na-gCappul, 
died at Kinbann Castle, in 1^5s, his father Gillaspick, then a mere youth, u^s sent to foster with O'Quinn, the 
chief of Carnrig, whose daughter he afterwards married. Gillaspick was heir to the Route, through his mother, 
who was daughter to Macquillin, but he was killed, (it was said accidentally) at a bull light which took place 
at Ballycastle, to celebrate his coming of are. His wife, with her son Coll, afterwards surnamed Kittagh, was 
compelled to take rehire in Colonsay tor protection against Sorley Huy, who refused to acknowledge the child's 
claim to the inheritance of his father. The second Karl of Antrim's grandfather, Sorley Boy, and Aliaiter 
MacDonnell's great-grandfather, Colla of Kinbann, were brothers. — Old MS. of the MacDonnell Family. 



The S t e w arts of Bail i n t o y 



which would at least have restrained him from the dire events in which 
he was afterwards concerned. So soon as tidings of the actual out- 
break reached the North, Archibald Stewart took every precautionary 
measure which a person in his comparatively isolated situation could 
hastily adopt. He collected and armed several hundred men, whom he 
placed in the castles of Ballintoy and Clough, and, as if to show hi ; con- 
fidence in Allaster MacDonnell, he gave him a command in his own 
Regiment of Foot. But the latter took an early opportunitv of declar- 
ing for the cause of Sir Phelim Roe O'Neill, who had already inaugu- 
rated the insurrection in Ulster, and to whom all the Northern in- 
surgents looked up as their especial leader and chief. This regiment 
consisted chiefly of Scotch refugees from the islands, who had ac- 
companied Allaster on his flight. 

As soon as it was known that the Insurrection had commenced in 
other parts of the kingdom, the inhabitants of the Route, Roman 
Catholic and Protestant, were instantly inflamed with a horrible fear 
and suspicion of each other. The excitement was tearfully increased by 
Archibald Stewart announcing publicly, on a Sunday at Church, in 
Dervock, that the Insurrection was in progress, and would soon over- 
whelm his neighbours. In a day or two afterwards, the Irish on the 
Western side of the Bann, rose en masse, and Stewart's regiment was 
marched to Portnaw to prevent the insurgents from crossing into 
Antrim. Two companies of this regiment were Highlanders and 
Irish, one commanded by Allaster MacDonnell, and the other by 
Tirlough Oge O'Cahan, of Dunseveric. On the night of the 2nd of 
January, 1641, these companies both deserted, and fell upon their 
brother soldiers whilst the latter were asleep, slaying them all but a few, 
who were saved by their Irish friends. This act thoroughly initiated 
the insurrection in the Route. The insurgents in County Derry forth- 
with crossed the Bann under a leader named John Mortimer, and 
united their forces with those of Allaster MacDonnell and Tirlough Oge 
O'Cahan. From Portnaw they marched to the residence of Sir James 
MacDonnell, 1 who dwelt at the Vow, in the parish of Finvoy. They 
were there joined by such of his tenants as were able to carry arms, 
and also by the tenants of Donnell Gorm MacDonnell, of Killoquin, 
in the parish of Rasharkin. 2 In the meantime, the Irish inhabitants 

1 This member of the Clandonnell was the son of Coll, who was the son of Alexander, the leader of an 
insurrection in 1614, who was eldest son of Sir James of Dunlucc, better known by his surname of \\i Banna, 
or, "of the Bann," poisoned in 1601, who was the son of Sorley Boy. and hence generally known also as Sir 
James NlacSorley. The Vow at the present day is the name of a small village, near to which is a circular 
grave-yard, close to the Bann-ferry. 

2 "Now known under the form Killyquin, as the name of an estate containing thirteen townlands, in the 
Western part of Rash irkin parish. In the journal of Phelim O'Neill, by his chaplain, O'Mellin, the name is 
written Coil in-Cuinn, the Wood of O'Conn. In 1611 Dunnell Gorm MacDonnell resided here. This territory 
seems to have included Rasharkin and the four towns of Craigs." — Reeves's Ecd. Antiqj., p. 531. Donald 
Gorm MacDonnell, who resided here, was appointed to hold Ballycastle foi the Irish, and was slain in 1612, at 
Glenmaguiney, County Donegal. His residence at Killoiiuin in Rasharkin was occupied about a century 
later by the late Lord Slanc, who was related to the Antrim family, and was interred in th -ir vault at Run-na- 
margie. His house, in the towuland of Anticor, Rasharkin, « is occupied by a farmer named Wallace. His 
daughter, Mary-dc-Flcming, married an humble person named help. < >'C >nnor, and his death she was obliged 
to give up the house in Anticor. She afterwards lived at the village of Craigs, until her son, who had gone to 
America, sent for her. She died there about the year 1835. Her SOU was the representative of the proud 
De Fleming, who came to Ireland with Sir John de Courcy! 



The S t e w arts of B a 1 1 i ;; / o v 



on both sides of the Bann, fearing Archibald Stewart, and such soldiers 
as he could collect in the absence of MacDonnell, O'Cahan, and Morti- 
mer, assembled in multitudes, with their wives and children, burned a 
little town which then stood at the Cross, near Ballymoney, and after- 
wards burned Ballymoney, slaying all the British inhabitants they 
could lay hands on without distinction of age or sex. Thus, the mere 
mob, frightened and frenzied by the prevailing excitement, did acti ally 
much more damage to life and property than the regularly organized 
forces of the insurgents. 

The records of these sad events have been published. 1 The originals 
are preserved in a large Manuscript Volume of Depositions, lettered 
Antrim (F. 3. 9. 1562), belonging to the Library of Trinity College, 
Dublin. From this curious volume we shall make a few extracts; but, 
in addition to these, it may be mentioned that the following documents 
form part of its contents, and refer especially to affairs throughout the 
Route during the year 1641 — 2: 

1. The Examination of Gilduft O'Cahan, of Dunseveric, in which fie says that he and 
Archibald Stewart kept the peace in the Route, and that his son, Tirlough Oge, an ; Sir 
James MacColl MacDonnell plotted the desertion and massacre at Portnaw. It will thus 
be seen that the son joined the insurgents, whilst the father, who was a Magistrate o: 
the County, remained, tor a time at least, on the side ot the Government. 

2. The Examination ot Brian Moddere Mac H. O'Cahan, who fled over the Bar-..-, from 
terror of the British, in 1641; had previously resided in the Route; afterwards got lands 
from the Earl ot Antrim, and served as lieutenant under Owen Roe O'Neill. He stated 
that the massacre at Portnaw was perpetrated by his brother-in-law and Allaster M:-.cCod 
MacDonnell, and that he saw the Irish burn Dunluce Castle. In this latter statement, 
however, he was mistaken. The Irish burned the town which then stood on the other s:^e 
of the road opposite Dunluce Castle, but they could not seize the castle, which was 
defended by a small garrison under Lieutenant Digby. 2 

3. The Examination of Donnell Gorm MacDonnell, who stated that Allaster Mac- 
Donnell and Tirlough Oge O'Cahan, who had command of two companies in Archibald 
Stewart's regiment, were the chiet actors in the massacre at Portnaw. This witness, r.i<o, 
gives a lengthened statement of the proceedings of Allaster MacDonnell after that oc- 
currence. 

4. The Examination ot Fergus Fullerton, of Billy, who stated, among manv other 
matters, that the Irish in Archibald Stewart's regiment murdered Captain Glover's whole 
company. 

5. The Examination of Henry MacHenry (O'Neill), who mentions Thomas Boyd, 
Archibald Boyd, William Eullerton, Allaster MacDonnell, and others. 

Whilst the Irish were burning the village of Cross and the town of 
Ballymoney, the regularly disciplined force, which had deserted from 
Archibald Stewart, was led by the two MacDonnells, James and Allaster 

1 This period has been dealt with in .-. work of John MacDonnell, M D. The L'l Irr Civil War •' 1-41 
Duvlin; M. H. Gill & Son. 1879. Also in Miss Hickson's Ireland in the Seventeenth Century. 

2 The town of Dunluce must have been of some importance, containing its "Marchants," most if wh m, 
no doubt, were Scottish settlors in the d..ys of the first Karl. In the Church-yard of Dunluce there ire ~;r.y 
remarkable tombstones, which, however, will be fully given a: ,d the arms illustrated in a subse , lent : jrr.ber. 



10 T h e S t e w arts o J Hall i n t o v 

MacColl, against the Castle of Clough, defended by Walter Kennedy. 1 
After the capture of this place, James MacDonnell wrote the following 
letter to Archibald Stewart, whom he addresses as cousin, and who 
must have been in Coleraine when he received it. This letter is pre- 
served in the MS. volume already mentioned, at F. 3. 9. 3402: 

"Cossen Archebald, I receaved your letter, and, to tell the truth, I was ever of that 
opinion, and soe was the most ot all these gentlemen; that your owne selfe had no 
in you; hut certainly had 1 not begun when I did, 1 and all these gentlemen, with my wifFe 
and children had been utterly destroyed; of which I gott intelligence from one that heard 
the plott a laying; and those captains ot yours (whom you may call rather cowboyes) were, 
every daye, vexinge ourselves and our tenants, of purpose to pick quarrells which noe flesh 
was able to indure; and judge you whether I had reason to prevent such mischefe; And 1 
vow to the Almighty, had they not torct me, as they did many others beside me that 
would rather hang than goe on as they did, I would stick as firm to your side as any ot 
yourselves; though I confesse it would be the worse thinge tur me and mine that ever I 
sawe. — To speak to you really the truth and the true information ot the whole kmgdome, 
upon my creditt I now do it, All the whole kingdome in general! are ot our side except 
Dublin whoe hath 20000 men about it, in leager of it, if it be not now taken; Drogheda 
whoe hath 1600 men about it and are these ten days past eatinge of horse-flesh; Canicke- 
fergus, Coulraine, and my lord ot Claneboys, and my lo. ot the Aides; this i^ the truth on 
my credit; ballemeanagh, Antrim, and all the garrisons between this and Carricketergus 
are all fled to Carricketergus; soe that it is but a tolly to resist what God pleeseth to hap- 
pen; but certainly they will have all Ireland presently whatever time they keep it. — You 
may truly inform my friends in Coulraine that J would wish they and 

if the}' yield me the towne it shall be good tor them and me, tor the booty shall be myne, 

1 This gentleman was the representative of the family of Kennedy, which then held a highly respectable 
position in the Route. He was placed hastily in command of a small garrison in tile Castle of Clough, but 
there was no time to get his force disciplined or provisioned against a siege. When the insurgents arrived, 
Kennedy was summoned to surrender by Henry O'Neill, who had also joined them in their march on Clough. 
Kennedy replied that he would never surrender to an O'Neill the castle which belonged to the MacDonnclls. 
It was true that the whole district, with its castle, was included in the Antrim Estates, and this reply pl< ised 
Allaster MacDonnell so much, that he came f irward and swore to Kennedy by the cross on his sword that if 
the castle were quietly given up, the garrison would be permitted to pass out in safety, everyone taking with 
him whatever properly he had brought there. This was quite as much, and even more than Kennedy ex- 
pected, and therefore he surrendered, being unable to resist witli any prospect of success. 

The family of Kennedy is of Irish origin, 'out was among those who emigrated to the Scottish coast at a 
very early period. The district of Carrick, in Ayrshire, seems to have been almost exclusively occupied by 
Kennedys in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, and, indeed, at a much earlier period. In a curious 
description of Carrie!:, written by Willi im Abercrumie, minister of Minibole (Maybole), about the middle of 
the seventeenth century, there is the following passage: "The inhabitants of tins countrey (Carrick) are of 
ane Irish original!, as appears both by their names being generally all Macs; 1 mean the vulgar; their hills 

are knocks, their castles Ards The Kennedies c intinuc Mill to be both the most numerous and 

most powerful clan. Besides the Earl of Cassiles, their chiefe. there be Sir Gilbert Kennedy, of Girvanmains, 
Sir Archibald Kennedy, of Colarne (now Colzean), Sir Thomas Kennedy, of Kukhi!!. Kennedy of Beltersan, 
Kennedy of Kilherque (now Kilkcn/ie \ Kennedy of Kirkmichael, Kennedy of Knockdone, Kennedy of Glenour, 
Kennedy of Bennan, Kennedy of Carlock, and Kennedy of Drummellan. But this name is under great 
decay, in comparison of what it was ane age ago, at which tyme they flourished so in power and number as to 
give occasion to this rhyme — 

' ' I'wixt Wigtown and the town of Aire, 
And laigh doun by the Cruves of Cree, 
You shall not get a lodging there, 
Except yc court a Kennedy 
The feuds among the various branches of this great family contributed more than any other cause to bring 
"the name under great decay." These feuds had become particularly fierce, and of very frequent occurrence 
at the beginning of the seventeenth, century, and, no doubt, induced or compelled one branch at least, viz., 
the Kennedys of Balsaragh, in the parish of Kirkoswald, to seek a quieter home on the Irish shore. They held 
lands ir. Turnarobert, near the village of Armoy, and at Ballyloughbeg, now Ballylough, in the parish of Billy. 
Walter Kennedy resided .it the former place, and Anthony Kennedy at the latter. These lands, which were 
held of tile Crown by Knight's service, were alienated to the lust Earl of Antrim, in 1635, as appears by an 
L'lster Inquisition. In the old burying ground of Billy, near Bushmilis, there is still preserved an alaborately 
sculptured tombstone, with the Kennedy arms, which will be given in a subsequent number. It is curi ius 
that the trn.,:it of this old giave, air: nigh residing in Ballylough at tin- time of ins death, seems to have pre- 
ferred being known, even on his tombstone, as of Balsaragh, lus Scottish home, in Kirkoswald. On the hrst 
of August, 1625, another Antony Kennedy, probably a son of the gentleman now mentioned, died at Ballylough. 
'These Kennedys frequently intermarried with the M >ores, after coming to settle on the Antrim coast. Among 
the M vires, the Christian name Quintin seems to have been in frequent use at that period. 



T h e S t e xv a r t s of B a 1 1 i n t o y 11 



and they shall be sure of good qrtrs., for I will send for all the Raghlin boates to Portrush 
and from thanes (thence) send all the people away into Scotland wch, if it be not done 
before Sir Phelim is [his] army comes to the towne, who comes the next week 
thousand men and piece ot Artillery; All my desire of doing them good will be to no 
purpose, therefore send me word that you doe therein; as for both your houses they shall 
be safe, and soe should all the houses in the country if they would be persuaded by me; 
The Oldstowc [Oldstone, now dough] was rendered me, and all they within had good 
quarters, only the Clandebayes souldours and the two regiments from beyon the ban 
were a little greedy for pillaginage, which could not be helpt; As for killinge of women 
none of my souldiers dare doe it it tor his life, but the common people that are not under 
rule doth it in spight ot or teeth; but tor your people they killed of women and children 
and old people about 3 score — My Lo: and Lady are gone to Slain— to whom I have sent; 
tell my bror. Hill and Mr. Harwicke that their people are all in good health, but 
in my own company. — 1 desire you not to stirr out of that till I be neere you mysclfe, 
for fear you should fall in the hands of the seaven hundred I have in the lower part of 
the country, whoe would give you noe quarter at all, but when I have settled thinges here, 
you may come to me yourselfe, and your dearest friends to a few, and the rest to transport 
them with the rest into Scotland; as tor goinge again the king, we will dye sooner oi my 
Lo: of Antrim either but their only aime is to have their religion settled and every otic his 
own ancient inheritance; thus wishinge you to take my counsell which I protest to God 
1 will give you as really as to myself, and haveing the hope of your beleavinge me herein, 
I rest your very loveinge coussen still, "James MacDonnem.. 

"From the Catholick Campe at Oldstowe, the 11 of Jan. 1641." 

Sir James MacDonnell refers to the departure of Lord Antrim and 
his wife, the Duehess of Buckingham, from their Castle of Dunluce. 
His Lordship's indecision had involved him in serious difficulties, and 
at times he knew not to what party he might trust for protection. 
Accompanied by his Duchess he first went to Slane Castle, county 
Meath, then the residence of the nineteenth Lord Slane, who had 
married the lady Anne MacDonnell, Lord Antrim's sister. From Slane 
they were soon obliged to remove to Maddenstown, in Kildare, the 
residence of the Earl of Castlehaven. 

The writer of the foregoing letter was not only related to Archibald 
Stewart, but evidently lived on very intimate terms with him as a 
neighbor. 1 This letter was written in reply to one he had received, 

1 There were intermarriages, and, consequently, relationships between the O'Haras, O'Cahans, Stewarts 
MacHenrys, Magees, O'Quins, O'Neills, and MacDonnclls. These relationships were considerably multiplied 
by the marriages of the five daughters of Cahill < >'Hara of Loughguile. "His eldest daughter was married to 
Art Oge O'Neill, of whom the family of Shane's Castle are descended. His second daughter was married to 
Phelim O'Neill, of whom French John O'Neill is conic. His third daughter was married to Gilldtifl O'Cahan, 
of Dunseveric. His fourth daughter to John Stewart, of Lisadavan (in Bute). And his fifth daughter to one 
of the MacHenrys, of the Bum-side." — Oi n MS. written by the Rev. fohr. Mo: Arthur, Curate of Layd, once m 
the possession of the Ree. Classon Porter, of Lame. [The editor has tried to obtain possession of this MS. for 
other purposes; so far, without success. Can any reader assist him?] 

The Stewarts of Bute and Ballintoy, during many years after the settlement of the latter on this coast, 
kept alive their family connexion by reciprocal visits and occasional intermarriages. It is curious to observe 
how completely the MacQuillins must have been swept away from the Route by Randall MacDonnell, assisted, 
it is said, by the powerful connivance of James 1. Of the gentry class throughout that district, at the com- 
mencement of the eighteenth century, not one of the surnamr of M,icQuillin is to be found! 

The O'Harns of Antrim and Cavan are branches of the great Slig > family of that name, which claims 
and has its claim allowed, to be descended from Oilioll Oluui, King ol M in ter, in the third century. Charles 
O'Hara, above mentioned, was the seventh in descent from Cuconacht O'Hara, who was the son of Hugh 
O'Hara, who was seventh in descent from Magnus, sin of Kadhra, or Kara, wh > was fifteenth in descent from 
Cormac, the great grandson of Oilliull Olum, of the race >f Heber. Charles O'Hira owned *1! the lands of 
Loughguile, in the Route .\nd Lagganlie, in Crcbilly. In 160o, he received an additional grant from James 1., 
being warmly recommended by Randall MacDonnell, » hose family interests in the Route had been always 



] 2 T h e S t e w arts of B allinto y 



and is highly creditable to Sir James MacDonnell, as expressing anxiety 
for the safety of his friends, although opposed to him, and also regret 
that he felt himself compelled to join the insurrectionary movement. 
He disclaims in the strongest language, and., no doubt, with entire 
sincerity, any design of cold-blooded massacre on the part of those 
under his control, but laments the impossibility of preventing his 
followers from the perpetration of such foul deeds. He mentions an 
instance in which about sixty women and children were massacred by 
Stewart's part}', but evidently never thinks of making his friends 
responsible for this inhuman act. Indeed, he writes under the im- 
pression that he and his family and friends had a narrow escape from 
some plot laid for their destruction and that he owed his escape to the 
fact of his striking promptly, and striking first. 1 

As his letter failed to produce the desired impression, and, as the 
insurgent army had been considerably augmented at Clough, the Irish 
leaders resolved to march on Coleraine. Stewart, in the meantime, 
had collected a second force, with which he came out from Coleraine 
to meet the insurgents. The opposing forces met at a place called the 
Laney, about a mile from Ballymoney, where a desperate conflict tuok 
place. The English and Scotch, commanded by Stewart, were utterly 
defeated, and, as no quarter was asked or given, only three hundred 
escaped, whilst six hundred were slain in the engagement and retreat. 
This battle was fought on Friday, the 11th of February, 1642, Xew 
Style, and such was its disastrous results to the Protestants and Presby- 
terians, that the day on which it occurred was spoken of for many 
generations afterwards in the Route as Black Friday. 2 

After gaining such a decided advantage at the Laney, the insurgent 
leaders divided their forces, the larger portion, commanded by Allaster 
MacColl, proceeding to invest Coleraine, whilst the remainder, under 

steadily supported by the O'Haras. Charles O'Hara died in 1639, and his heirs lost their entire possessions in 
Loughguile by the insurrection, which commenced in 1641, and continued until 1652. The matrimonial con- 
nexions formed by his five daughters sufficiently indicate his high social position in the county. The O'Haras, 
in all their branches, were anions trie most active of the Irish insurgents in the Route, durins 1641. After the 
surrender of Clough Castle, many women and children, who had been permitted by the MacDonncIls to go 
safely away to Lame, were followed and massacred, on ihe banks of the Glenravcl Water, by a party under the 
command of a son of a Hugh < I'Hara, and, no doubt, connected with sonic of the families of that name then so 
numerous in the parishes of Loughguile and Ballymoney, — See M'Skimmin's History, 3rd Ed:'.., p. 46. The 
present Bishop of Cashel and Waterford, formerly Dean of Belfast, whose father was rector of Coleraine, is of 
this family. 

1 It would be difficult now to discover who "Brother Hill and Mr. Barwick" were, farther than that they 
had probably resided in the neighbourhood with the writer, and had gone into Coleraine for protection. The 
first settler named Hill in that district was John Hill, of Altneanum, near Ballycastle, who died in 1610, and 
was buried in Ramo.ni old church-yard. From him came the numerous families of the same surname in 
Ramoan, and also the Hills of Ballinderry, Banbridge, and Bellaghy Castle. 

2 The following extract, from a Life of Bishop Bedell, written by his stepson, and generally known as the 
Clogy MS., conatins a vi\id, but somewhat exaggerated account of this battle: 

"The Scots then, throughout all the whole province of Ulster, where they were most numerous betook 
themselves to holds, leaving all the open country to the enemy. For the first attempt of Coll Kittach (Allaster 
MacColl), had so frighted them that they thought no man was able to stand before that son of Anak. In his 
lust encounter, at the inad of a lew Irish Highlanders and some of Antrim's Irish Rcbells, that were brethren in 
evil, against eight hundred Knglish and Scotch, having commanded his murderers to lay down all their fire- 
arm's he fell in among them with swords and durks or scaurs, in such a furious and irrestible manner, that 
it Was reported not a man of them escaped of all the eight hundred!" 



T h c S t e :v a r t s o f Hall i n t o y 13 



James MacColl and others, were ordered to seize Ballintoy Castle, 
Dunluce Castle, and the town of Ballycastle, all on the coast. As a 
preliminary to the attack on Ballintoy, James MacColl MacDonnell 
addressed the following letter (F. 3. 9. 3404) to certain country gentle- 
men who had hastily collected a small force, and placed it in the castle 
at that town: 

"Lovcinge fFriends if soe you please I thought good to informe you of the folly you 
undertake in bringinge yourselves to ruyne where you may quietly and without trouble 
worke the wave of your safety, in taking of faire quarter for yourselves, your wives, and 
children, as others have done that were in greater safety, and were better able to subsist 
than you are; where likewise you are not in any case like to receave any succor from any 
place, for those of Coulraiue are strictly beseiged on both sids and by reason of their great 
diseases and dearth of fire and corne doe daily dye apace, besids many v/er dayly cutt off 
them by sixes, eights, fifteens, and the List daye killed and drowned 20 at once; and they 
have not left above a verie few musketts in the whole towne, by that they lost in the great 
conflict. — Anntrim is beseiged and all your people soe many as was left are gon to the 
Clanaboys though I confess that part was not caused by our valour, so that uppon my 
creditt your state is ill unless you take quarter, which you shall fairly have as I have done 
with Duuluce which is to sett them a booty and to surfer all such as pleaseth to depart 
freely and such as will stay to live in the country with some such, gentlemen in the country 
as they will chuse to be with hereafter, wch if freely you will take I vow before God to 
performe by the grace of Jesus Christ. — And of all men I would wish Mr. Fullerton 1 to 
take it if the rest doe not, tor I had direction from Mr. Thorn: Oge O'Neale, Governor of 
the County of Armagh, to send him and his family, to his bro. Maxwell whoe lives in his 
owne house as quietly as ever he was, only that his church benefices is taken from him, 

1 The Fullartons, who were an influential family in the Route, came from the Scottish island of Arran, 
and settled on the Antrim coast about the same time as the Stewarts and Dunlops. They were originally a 
Norwegian race, known as Mac Leosaigh, who settled in \rran, at the close of the eleventh century, when 
that island, with several others, was ceded by Maelkolf, King of Scotland, to Magnus Bcrfaet, King of Nor- 
way. In 1266, Arran and the other isles were surrendered, or restored again to Scotland; but, in the interval 
the families that formerly occupied them had almost ail disappeared to make room for settlers from Norway. 
Among the latter were the Mac Leosaigh, whose name in Arran had become Maclouis, Macleod, or Maclowe, 
and whose representative was styled Maclouis of Foulartown. According to a prevalent custom in Scotland, 
the family name MacLeod was dropped, and Foulertoun or Fullarton. the name of the family property, was 
adopted in its stead. A member of this family distinguished himself by his devoted adherence to Robert 
Bruce during the most trying periods of that monarch's career. When Bruce landed on Arran from the 
island of Raghery, in the Spring of 1506 — 7, Maclouis of Fullarton became his guide, and embarked with 
him to Carrick, from a place still known as Kingcross, on the north of Whiting Bay, in Arran. For his faithful 
services, King Robert Bruce afterwards granted Fullarton the lands of Kilmichael. and the crownership of 
Arran, in heritage. The lineal descendant of Fullerton was Captain Archibald Fullarton, of Kilmichael, 
parish of Kilbride, island of Arran, who had in his possession the several charters granted to his family since 
the close of the fourteenth century. These curious old documents record the foil iwing grants to the family: 
"In 1391, Ring Robert 111., granted to Fergus of Foulertoun, of Arane, the lands of F.rqwhonnyne, in the 
lordship of Arane and Sheriffdom of Bute, of the old extent of two marks sterling yearly, fir yearly payment of 
one penny of silver in tiie name of Blenchferme, at the King's Castle of Brethwic, on the feast of Pentecost. 
In 1400, the same king confirmed to John of Foulertoun, the son and heir of the lecea cd, Fetch ir.i o 3r Fergus) 
the lands of Killemichael, in the Bailiary of Aran, together with the office of crowner of that bailiary, which 
belonged to Ferchard in heritage, for the usual services. In 1 12" or 1 12s. King lames I., confirmed the charter 
of 1400. In 1511, the two marklands of Kilmechall with the crownership of Arane, and lite two marklands 
of Forland or Irachonane, were resigned with reservation of the liferent by Aian Fowdartoune or Maclowe, 
and were granted by James. 1'- irl of Arane, in heritage v< her jus Fowdartoune the son and heir of A! am. In 1525, 
the same Farl granted a precept of seisin of the tout mark lands old extent of Kylmychell and Quhytfoirland, 
in the Earldom of Arr.ine. and of the office of crowner of the same, in favour of Alexander, the nephew and heir 
of the deceased Alan Maclov, e or Foulcrtoune, who died sei/ed in the same ..t the faith o i peace of the King. 
In 1526, Alexander Fowlertoune of Kylmychel, crowner of the Isle of Aran, five seisin of the two markland* 
of Kylmychel for life to Margaret Tait in her virginity, and the heirs to be begotten in conjunct infeftment 
between them. About 1572. king James VI., conlirmed the charter of Killemichel, granted in 1400 by Robert 
HI. In 1590, James. F.arl of Arane, admitted Alan "Lard M.iclowy," or Fullart in, as kindlv tenant for life 
of the 2S 3 Cd lands of Scalpoden, tiie 40s lands ol Mais and Braidwick, the 2Ss 6d lands of Gl'enormadell, and 
the 40s lands of Glensherwik. in the Farldom of Vrane." 

The above mentioned grants iucl id :d property sit lated in the parish of Kilbride. We find the following 
grants also to members of tins family in the parish of Kilnv irie, Arran: "In 1 lot, James 111. granted to George 
of Foul.irtoun, the l.nuls of Knychtisland in the isle of Arane, with remainder to ins brother William and hii 
heirs, and to his own heirs whomsoever. In 1511, James V. granted to James Stewart, Sherilf of Bute, the 
lands of Drumridan, of the old extent of nine marks, which John Foullartoun hadr esigned. About the year 



] 4 T h e S t c v) a r t s of B a 1 1 i n t o y 

and so is his brother Ecklin too. Thefore gentlemen for abaydinge further bloodshead, 

of wch 1 vow 1 have noe desire it 1 could helpe, I would advise you to take this taire prorier 

or else blame your own obstinacy and not us; tor he sure we will have our wills ot you at 

last when it will be too late tor you to cry pecavi: It _\ on take this taire proffer, I will to- 

morrowe goe to you and conclude, it not I will be to you as you will be to me wch wold 

wish to be yor friend, 

"James MacDonnell. 

"For the gentlemen in Ballintoy, Mr. Will. 

Fullerton, Archd. Boyd, Thos. Boyd and 

the rest, these." 1 

The town of Ballymoney was head-quarters for James MacColl's 
soldiers after the battle of Laney, and in that place no doubt the fore- 
going letter was written to the men who held Ballintoy. It must have 
been written subsequently to the battle of the 11th February, tor the 
writer refers to the "great conrlicte," meaning that, no doubt, at the 
Laney; and it must also have been written after the burning of Dunluce, 

1700, Martin in his Account of the Scottish Isles, mentions that Maclouis of Kirkmichael. was s i to be 
the most ancient family in Arran, and that he head or representative of it was one of the King's coroi -:-. :. S 
perquisites being a tirlot of oats, and lamb from every town in the island" — Origir.es Paroch'.a'.ts Scoi.ae, 
Vol. II., pp. 248,255. 'the branch "f this family of Fullarton winch settled in the Route retalni i, a s 
natural, the Christian names which ha 1 b en I >rm I y their mcestors in Arran. Fergus Fullarton resided at 
Bushmills in 1641, William Fullarton assisted at the defence of Ballintoy Castle in the same year, whilst 
George, John, and Alexander were names in frequent use 3inong less distinguished mem ■ f the fa; in 

subsequent times. There are yet many respectable families, principally among the farmer classes, in the 
Route, bearing the name of Fullerton. and it is curious that in some instances, even to the pri = rct t me, the 
names Macloy and fullerton are synonymous words among them. In one instance a man cdicd I . •" n 
by his neighbours was known in the rent-office only as Macloy! Probably, an ancestor of the latter sun - me 
owned the farm before the more modern name ot Fullerton had been so generally adopted. 

The man named William Fullerton, who assisted in 1641 to hold the Castle of Ballintoy against the 
insurgent Irish, is reported to have left a large family. Several of his descendants in t! i < igl I ■ : . t • tury 
were well known. One of them, also named William Fullerton, married Rose Montgomery, ot M iyarget, and 
the late William Hill of the same place was their grandson. Another brother, named David I all rt m, p . :.s 
Presbyterian minister of Carrickfergus, from 1750 to 1766, and died the rector of a parish near K. est n, 
Jamaica, in 1789. A third, named George Fullerton, emigrated to Virginia, in America, and was -' in . -\.t r.g 
on the side of the Colonists, in the war of Independence. He left one daughter, Catherine, wh i became s..e 
heir to her uncle, Alexander Fullarton. The latter had been educated as a doctor, and accumulated .-. large 
amount of wealth in Jamaica. On ins return, he purchased the Ballintoy estate for the sum I £2 1.000 nd 
having no family, although married, he- bequeathed this fine property to his niece, as already st ted. whose son, 
according to his will, was required to take the name of Fullerton. '1 his lady married Dawson Downing, Esq., of 
Ballaghy and Rov.-csgift, in th : i ■.:.'. i l' Derry. She left one son, Ge irge Alexan ler 1 ullerton, w > was 
born in the Mansion, Ballycastle, November, 1775, and died at Toekington Manor, Gi icester, in ^47. He left 
three sons and five daughters. His eldestson and iieir. named Al< xander Gei rge, v. is b . n in 1 iOS, and married 
in 1853 the Lady Gcorgiana Levesi m (. Ii iwer, second daughter of the late Karl of Granville. Their s< .n, W ilham 
Granville Fullerton, was born at the British F.mbassy, Paris, in 1834, and died just when he had attained his 
majority, in 1855. The Ballintoy estate is till owned by a representative of the family. 

1 The Boyds were originally a branch of the Stewarts, being descended from Simon, sec r.d son of Walter 
the first Stewart of Scotland. Their name Boyd is simply a corrupt form of the Gaelic v rd ': b ■•. or "i 
from the prevailing fair colour of their hair. The many pers ins of this name throughout the Route, in 1641, 
were scattered members from the great family in Ayrshire, of v hich the Earls of Kilmarnock were the ch;e:s 
or representatives. William Boyd, the last Earl, ! 10k an active part in the rebel . I 1 !a, and after his 
execution, a large chest of family pa.pers was place. i in custody of the magistrates of Kilmarm ck. A - rction 
from these papers was published by the Abbotsford Club, in 1857, from which we may Ii rm an estimate of 
the high position emjoyed by the family, from the days of Bruce until the sad finale in 1746. 1 he following 
are the titles of a few of these curious documents: 

1. "Bend of Mutual) Assistance by Queen Margaret and the Lord Methven, her husband, to Lord Boyd, 
May 26, 152V. 

2. "Ane Agricment bctuix Hew Erie of Eglintown and Robert Lord Boyd, anent all quarrels and sleighter 
of kin, May 2, 1550. 

3. "Oblisement by the Fries of Arjryle and others, to warrant and assist Lord Boyd of Kilmarnock, in 
all the actions he shall have to i\o, 1545. 

4. "Agreement hetuix Mary Queen Regent, and Robert Lord and Maistcr of Balds, for Mutuall As- 
sistance aganis their enemies. November <>. 1557. 

5. "Commissione by Queen Mary to Robert Lord Boyd, to treat with her subjects of Scotland, anent 
ane rcconciliationc, June 4, 1569. 

6. "Letter by my Lord Angus to my Lord Boyd, quhairby he promisscs to send his servands to his Court 
Holding, August 2. 1 590." 

There are twenty-nine papers in this published selection, all of which have titles somewhat similar to the 
above, and all indicating the great social and political standing of the various members of the family to whom 
they specially refer. ( >f tins race was Sir Robert Boyd, wh ■ ■ ■■ ; nied Robert Bruce to island oi 
Raghery, during the winter of 1506, and one of whose descendants, an Earl of Arran. married Mary, eledest 
daughter of James 11., in 14o7. Besides the principal house of Kilmarnock, there were many collateral fa i -.5 



T h e S t e w arts of B a 1 1 i n t o y 1 5 



as their leader here mentions how he had disposed of the inhabitants 
of the latter place. It does not appear that any of these people were 
massacred, and no doubt they were permitted to return to Scotland 
as best they could. 

James MacColl's arguments made no impression upon the party who 
garrisoned Ballintoy. They had not gone there to surrender at the 
first notice, but to die in defending themselves against an enemy, 
whom they believed to be without mercy. As this enemy approached 
Ballintoy, from Ballymoney, their whole route was marked with rapine 
and murder. The insurgent; were strong enough completely to invest 
Ballintoy Castle, and were at first quite sure of success, but the brave 
little garrison repelled every assault, and finally beat off" their ferocious 
assailants. During these operations, the adjoining church ot Ballintoy 
was crowded with a trembling multitude ot women and children, who 
were every hour threatened with destruction, either by fire or famine. 
In heir dire extremity, a Roman Catholic priest, at great personal risk, 
interfered for thei ■ preservation. With difficulty he obtained permis- 

of Boyds in the district of Carrick, among whom the Boyds of Pinkill, and the Boyds of Troi hrip, ••■ < re bes t 
known. Of the former family was the celebrated Mark Alex. Boyd, who was born at Pinkill. in 15;. 2, and 
James Boyd, Archbishop of Glasgow, second son of Adam Boyd, and cousin to the sixth Lord Kilmarnock. 
Andrew Boyd, appointed bishop of Argyle in 1613, was supposed to be son of Thomas, the lifth 1 ord Boyd. 
A son of the bishop died, and was interred in Raghcry, as may b< inferred from the following inscription, in 
Roman capitals, on a monumental slab in the church-vard of that Island: 

"H!C . JACET . IAC0BUS . BODIUS . ANDREAE . LISMOR . EPISCOPI . I-ILIUS . CUM. 
UXORE . CHRISTINA . CAMPELLA . QUI . OBIIT . NONO DIE DECEMBR ANNO . DOM . 
1665." 

From the time of the erection of the See of Argyle, at the close of the twelfth century, the bishop's seat 
was on the small island of Lismore, near the Scottish coast, and hence the bishops were always designated 
Episcopi Lismortnsis. 

The Boyds of the Route most probably were compelled to leave their native district of Carrick, on the 
Scottish coast, in consequence of the terrible feuds which raged there during the latter half of the sixteenth 
century. Many of them found comfortable homes on the Antrim shores, and a few had become influential 
inhabitants of the Route in the following century. Of the latter were the Boyds, so actively concerned in the 
scenes of 1641. A rector of Ramoan, named William Boyd, early in the eighteenth century, married Rose 
MacNcill, the only daughter and heiress o: Hugh MacNeill, of Dunananie Castle, and through this lady the 
Ballycastle estate came originally into the family of Boyd. Her son, Hugh Boyd, who built the harbour at 
Ballycastlc, in 1 7 i S. died in 1765, and his great great grandson, Alexander Boyd, of Ballycastle, owned the 
family estate in 1S65. 

This branch claims descent from the house of Kilmarnock, and, in the absence of positive proof, there are 
reasons to lead to the belief that their claim is well founded. The family traditions and the family armorial 
bearings attest their connexion with that ancient and noble house. It is more than probable that positive 
proof might also be found. In connexion with tiiis point, the following extract from a letter, written by the 
celebrated Or. Adam Clarke, will be interesting. This letter was written in Dublin, in the year 1^25. and 
was published in Etheridge's Life of Dr. Clarke, page 415. The extract is as follows: "I am at Mr. Adam 
Boyd's. Tell John that he proves positively that his aunt, my grandmother Clarke, was an immediate de- 
scendant of the Karls of Kilmarnock, whose family name was Boyd. His own grandfather was always called 
Kilmarnock, as standing close to the Earldom." 

The oldest tombstone (of which the writer has any knowledge), marking the grave of a Scottish settler in 
the Route, was raised by John Boyd, in 1615, to the memory oi lis wife, Jane Peebles, in Derrykeighan Church- 
yard. This man. previous to his coming to Ireland, had been several years Provost of Irvine, and was evidently 
one of the many Scotchmen induced to come to the Route by Randall MacDonnell. when the latter, in 160?, 
procured a grant to himself from lames 1., of the vast estates which should have rightfully belonged to his 
cousins and nephews. John Boyd settled at Carncogy, near Dervock, and from him was descended the 
late Dr. Boyd, of Coleraine, who. during many years, served as Member of Parliament for that Borough. 

The fair complexion from which this race originally derived its name of Buidhe or Boyd, is still a distin- 
guishing personal characteristic of the Call) castle branch. The Christian names which generally prevailed 
among the family in Scotland are yet preserved by their kinsmen on this coast, such as Robert. William, 
Adam, Alexander. Archibald, and Thomas. The name Hugh is also common, but it was tirst introduced from 
the MacNcills of Dunananie, and by them from an early branch of the family of O'Neill. 

Perhaps one of the most interesting family records of the Ballycastle Boyds is a simple Baptismal Register, 
which was made by Alexander Boyd, of Clare Park, near Ballycastle, a brother of Hugh Boyd, 50 well known 
for his praiseworthy e;lorls to promote the industrial prosperity of his native ph.ee. Alex tnder B yd married 
a lady named Wilson, of the Carrickfergus family, and they had thirteen children, all of whose baptisms he 
regularly recorded, between the years 1756 and 1751. He also mentioned the names of the several godfathers 
and godmothers who were present 011 these occasions, so that many dates, and not a few leading names ot the 
district, are found in this brief but faithful domestic record. The original MS. was in the possession of Robert 
Given, of Coleraine, who was maternally descended from Alexander Boyd. 



16 T h e S •/ e w a r t s of B a 1 1 i n t o y 

sion to bring them water, and in doing so, secretly filled the water- 
vessels with oatmeal, covering it with a few inches depth of water at the 
top. In this way he daily earned to the captives as much food as kept 
them alive until relief came. Tradition states that this truly good 
Samaritan was called Priest MacGlaime, bur nothing is known of him 
save this one noble Christian act. It is quite enough, however, to 
consecrate his memory to the latest posterity — to preserve his name in 
everlasting remembrance. It is recorded that he was considered a 
traitor by his co religionists, and subseuquently murdered. 

From Ballintoy, the Irish party retired, or retreated, to Ballycastle, 
having written previously to Alice O'Neill, Countess Dowager ot 
Antrim, who resided at the latter place, informing her of their intended 
visit. 

The frightful results of their visit to Ballycastle appear but too 
plainly fiom an account ot the examination ot Alice, Countess Dowager 
of Antrim (F. 3. 9. 4229), taken at Coleraine, on the 9th of February, 
lf>52, before Richard Brasier, Mayor, and Col. Thomas Coote, Gover- 
nor ot that town. The Countess flatly denied all participation in the 
massacre which took place around the walls of her castle. It would 
appear that the English and Scotch inhabitants of Ballycastle, on first 
hearing of the approach of the Irish party, rushed into the castle-yard 
for protection, some women venturing into the hall, and even hanging 
on the skirts ot Lady Antrim, and of her daughter, the Lady Sarah 
MacDonnell. The names of those preserved were Anthony Knowles, 
tuck- miller; John Hunter, carpenter; John Murghlan, smith; Alexander 
Stewart, corn miller; and John Kid, stone-mason. 

The following documents, derived from the manuscript volume 
already mentioned, and now printed for the first time, will further 
explain the state ot affairs at this period in Ballycastle and its vicinity. 
These witnesses are, m justice, summoned from both parties, the two 
Stewarts being Prostestants while Macallister and O'Hagan were 
Roman Catholics: 

(F. 3. 9. 4049.) 

"I. The Examination ot Archibald Stewart aged about 50 yeares, taken the ISth 
May ln43 

. "YYhoe being duely sworne and Examined what he doth knowe or con- 

cerninge the massacre ot William Ffynly and his brother with a number ot persons more 
of men woemen and children being ot" the Protestant persuasion, ot the parish ot Armoyi 
wch fled thence towardes Bally Castell, 

"Saith that he was Informed by severall of the country after he came trom Colerane to 
Ballentoy, that these persons were killed in the Church of Ramone wth in a quartr of a 
mile ot Bally Castell by Hugh ODullinam, Patricke ODullinan, Donnohy M'Guigan 
M'Cawlv wth severall others of the ODullinans and M'Allisters. 



T h e S t e w a r t s o f B a 1 1 i n t o y 1 7 

"And further saith that the persons above-mencond tooke into that Church fur shelter, 
by Reason they heard that Bally Castell where the Countess ot Antrim was, was taken by 
the enimye as this Examinate And that the men that was m the sd howse 

of Bally Castell was commanded by Donnell Gorm MacDonnell whoe was afterwards 
killed at Glanmaguiny 

"And being demanded whether Coll MacAllester was at the massacre ot the pei 
above-mencond in the Church of Ramone, saith that hee did not hecre that hee was 
there that day, but did heere that he came the next day to Bally Castell, And did also 
hecre that he was present about the Hill neere Portnagree hart! by Bally Castell, when 
Donnahy M'lvison (?) M'Cawly kild tfoure Brittish in Portnagree, And further saith not, 

"Taken before us, Geo. Rawden. "Arch: Stewart. 

Tobias Llovvice. John Peirson." 

The old church which stood at Ramoan in 1641 was rebuilt in 1812, 
and finally removed to an adjacent site somewhat nearer to the town 
of Ballycastle. On the old site, St Patrick founded the first Christian 
Church in that district, about the middle of the filth century. 

(F. 3. 9. 4250.) 

2. 'The Examination of Coll M'Allester of the parish ot Derrikigham, in the Co. of 
Antrim. Gent, taken before us the 14th day of March 1652. 

"Who being duely examined saith That it was Allester M'Coll M'Donnell cv Tirlagh 
Oge O Cahan 1 who (as he hath since heard by common report both of the Irish and Scotch) 
were the chiefe plotters and Actors of the Murder of the Brittish at Portnaw in Christmas 
16-41, That after that murder was committed by the Irish Cv Highlanders upon the Brittish 
at Portnaw the Irish being jealous ot the English and Scotch and the English and Scotts 
jealous of the Irish, without any difference or distinction the Irish kill'd adl the English and 
Scotts they coald lay hands on, and the English and Scotts did the like unto the Irish, 
except some fewe Irishmen who shewed mercy unto the English and Scotts whereof this 

1 The O'Cahans of Dunseveric were originally a branch of the Cinel-Eoghain, and thus descended from 
N'iall, surnamed the Great, who was monarch of Ireland at the commencement of the fifth century. As Dunse- 
veric was the last refuge of tills family, so it more than probable that here was also the earliest seat of their 
power. The O'Cahans and other castles fin the county of Dcrry), hut the principal family occu: >ied Dunsi vcric 
during many centuries. Early in the eleventh century, a youth of this princely house assisted in cutt.r;- to 
pieces by stratagem the Danish invaders of Ireland. This event is referred to by Kucha nan of A a. hm ir, in his 
admirable and most reliable History of tht Surname of Buchanan, pp. 15. 16. At the commencement of the 
fourteenth century. Angus Oge MacD mnell, Lord of the Isles, married Agnes O'Cahan (surnamed hi mnirhuala, 
or Fail Shoulders), of Dunseveric, and obtained, as her dowry, :. number of young men from each surname through 
out her father's territory wherewith to strengthen his kingdom of the Isles. Many of the more modern of 
the Highland clans are said to have had their origin in the families thus founded by these Ulster emigrants. 
This curious arrangement between Angus Oge MacDonnell and his father-in-law. O'Cahan, is referred to in an 
old MS. history of the Lords of the Isles, published for the first time in the ColUclania de Rebus Albcnicis, 
pp. 2S2, 326. It has been doubted whether the O'Cahans of Dunseveric were of the same family as 
the O'Cahans of Ciannachta, in Derry, but this curious supplement to the history :.f the Scottish Highlands 
represents them as identical, and speaks of tiie Dunseveric chief as the actual owner of the O'Cahan lountry 
west of the Bann. The following passage, at page 29-1, refers to the matrimonial arrangements above-men- 
tioned: "The portion or tocher In- had by her was seven score men out of every surname under O'Kain; viz., 
the Munroes, so called because they c;.me from the innermost Roe waters in the county of Derry, their names 
being formerly O'Millans, the Roses, of KiUraack (Kilravock), the Fairns, Dingwalls. Glasses, Beatons, so now 
called, but improperly, that being a French name, whereas they are Irish, of the tribe of O'Neals, and took 
the name first from following the name of Beda. The Macphersons, who are not the same with the M ic- 
phcrsons of Badenock, but are of the O'Docharties of Ireland (another county Derry surname); the Bulikcs 
in Caithness, of whom is the Laird of Tolingaill, and many other surnames, which, for brevity, we pass over, 
many of whom had no succession." While the O'Cahans of Derry were reduced to ruin by the rcbflli. n of 
O'Neill and O'Donnell, and afterwards by the Plantation <•{ Ulster, tie- chief of Dunseveric still was able to 
maintain some semblance at hast of the ancient family state. 1 lis day of doom, however, was not long delayed. 
Gilduil O'Cahan and his sons became active and powerful rebels in 1641, and were all either killed In battle or 
executed before the close of \b>>. The following brief extract from an old MS., formerly in possession of the 
Rev. Classon Porter, of Larne, tells in very business-like style the final catastrophe of the once great family 
who had dv.eU in Dunseveric since the expulsion of the Pictish Kings from that re now ncd fortn - ; ' 

"By inquisition taker, at Bullym >ney. Co. Antrim, 15 August, 1657, it is found that Gilldulf O'Cahan, of 
Dunseveric. in the county aforesaid, gentleman, was seized as of fee in the Castle of Dunseveric, and the 
Townland of Somovally, in the Barony of Carey, and county aforesaid, containing 1 JO acres, and so s i*ed, the 
2-1 ih of March 1M1 — 2 at Ballintoy, in the county aforesaid, was, to.-, ther with about 1U) [rait ,rs in rebellion 
against King Charles, and in the same did continue till 1653, which time he was executed for rebellion, by 
reason whereof the premises unto his said Highness and the Commonwealth do belong." 



1 8 T h e S t c w a r t s of B a Hi n t o y 



Examinate was one who did as much tor the preservation of the Brittish as lay in his power, 
And this Examinate further saith That he and Robert Oge Stewart were standing upon 
the Rocke over the strande at Portnagree, cc one Gilcomy M'ltallgar as he remembers & 
noe more at all either Irish or Scotts with them when one Donnahy M'Guiggen M'Awly 
kill'd one Gilbert Gannill under the Rocke but none else were killed there soe far as he 
could see, And this Examinate being demanded wherefore he left his usual habitation after 
the said Murder at Portnaw and others the murders committed in the Roote, He saith 
that the Reason thereof was because the British garrison in Ballintoy house was wthin 
three miles, and being demanded what need he had to feerc the Brittish he being soe care- 
ful to preserve as many as lay in his power, he saith because at that time the Brittish durst 
not trust one another, And this Examinate being demanded if he was in the fight at the 
Layney 1 when the English and Scotch on the 11th of ffebruary 1641, called blacke ffridaye, 
were routed and bout 700 Brittish slaine he saith he came that very daye unto the Lainey 
120 cowes being lately taken from him tor not compliance with the lri-*h to get restitution 
of them, Ami Allester MacColl MacDonnell (the British forces then approaching) made 
this Examinate to joyn him and his men, and upon joyning battcll the Brirish were de- 
feated, and enough ot them killed, but this Examinate saith he killed none ot those who 
would have killed him. And being demanded it he did see or heere of any Brittish killed 
in Ballycastcll house or Towne, where the Countess ot Antrim dwelt, he saith he was 
often at Ballycastell, and that the house ot Ballycastcll after the Murder at Portnaw was 
kept by Donnell Grome MacDonnell deceased and his men, but he saith he never see or 
heard of any killed there, or at Carnkeerin or Ballylusk, which two Last ineneond places 
were not distant trom this Examinates house, And this Examinate saith alsoe that he 
was not at any time at the siege ot Ballintoy or Colerane save only once that Allester 
MacColl sent tor him unto Colerane to bring him provisions ec that he brought him at that 
time five cowes tor the provisions ot his men, And further he saith that he never inarched 
through the country with the Irish to Dunluce or Oldstone (Clough) neither was he at 
any time betwixt the beginning ot the Irish Rebellion cc march of the Scotch armey into 
the Roote at Dunluce or Oldstone, and that he never heard of any Brittish murdred by 
the Irish at the salt panns ot Ballycastle, or at Margie Moore, but of some few murdered 
at Ramoane Church by Dwaltoagh M'Allester cc the Dullenans, now dead. And 
further he saith not. 

"H. Coote." "Rich. Brasier, Major. 

Coll MacAllister, ot Derrykeighan, was the representative of the 
various families of that name in the Route, descendants of Alexander 
Carrach MacDonnell, a younger brother of John Mor. The Mac- 
Allisters lor a time rivalled the MacDonnells of Antrim in power, but 
were eventually subjugated by Sorley Boy. This Coll MacAllister 
probably resided at the place now known as Bellisle, near Stranocum, 
and in the immediate vicinity of both Ballylusk and Carnkerrin. 
From the questions put to him when examined, it was evident!)' the 
general belief that there had been massacres at these places, although 
he may not have been cognizant of the fact. Neither did he seem to 
have heard of the slaughter at the Salt Pans, or at the Margeymore in 
Ballycastle, which was not remarkable, a lie lived at a considerable 
distance. But these also were melancholy facts. The old Market- 

1 A family named Taylor occupied the farm of the I.aney during many generations subsequently to 1611. 
Dr. William Taylor, late of Ball/money, stated that from its soil many fragments of old armour had been 
turned up by the plough and spade. 



T h e S t e iv a r t s o f B a 11 i n t o y 1 9 



House of Ballycastle stands on the ancient Margeymore, or place 
where the large market was held. The Salt Pans are situated at the 
rere of Bathlodge, east of Carrig Usnach. 

(F.3. 9. 1538.) 

3. "The Examination of Robt. Oge Stewart of the Parish of Culfaghtorin Gent, 
taken before us at Colerane the sd It of March 1652. 

"Who being duely sworne and Examined saith that about two days after the murder of 
Portnaw he was present and did behold and see (his life being then protected and saved by 
Coll MacAIlester) when one Donnohy MacGuiggen MacAwly, murdred Hugh Hill, 
Gilbert Gannandill his son at Portnagree. That there were at the same time present and 
looking on at the topp of the hill the sd Coll MacAIlester, Cormacke O'Dullenan, and 
Shane MacVicker MacCormacke, with above One hundred in their company, and this 
Examinate further saith— That Fferdoragh Magee was at this Examinante's house the 
same day the former Murder was committed and that William Giffon was murdred by 
Fferragher Magee and Patricke M'Ahoy on the backe of this Examinates house the sd 
Fferdoragha Magee being then present and beholding the sd Murder, And further he 
saith not. 

« H Coote." RlCH: Brasier, Major. 

Robert Oge Stewart was of the Ballintoy family, and nephew to 
Archibald Stewart. He resided near Ballycastle, and still nearer to 
Portnagree, where he witnessed the destruction of the three persons 
above-named. The Coastguard Station House is built in Portnagree, 
immediately below the "Rocke" mentioned by this deponent, and 
probably on the very place where the murder was perpetrated. In 
1738, when the Harbour at Ballycastle was being built, Portnagree was 
filled to its present level by sand removed from the works and placed 
there. In July, 1793, a maniac fell from the Rock into a kelp-kiln and 
was burned to death. His body was buried in Portnagree. 

(P. 3. 9. 4249.) 

4. "The Examination of Edmund o'Haggan of Ballycastle in the Parish ot Ramoane 
in the Count) of Antrim Gent, taken before us at Colerane 12th ot March 1652. 

"Whoe being duly examined saith, That he was the Countess of Antrim's waiting man 
for many years and lived at Ballycastell with her Ladyship. That the day alter the 
Murder of the Brittish at Portnaw to this Examinate's best remembrance, William Glover, 
James Stewart and Thomas Stewart with some ten Scotchmen of the town o) Ballycastell 
came unto the gate of the Castle, That James MacHenry Esq, who since was kill'd at 
Ennis as he hath heard mett with the said William Glover without the Gate where they 
were talkeing together this Examinate being present but not so neare as to heare what 
thev said that James Stewart and Thomas Stewart went in at the wickett ot the Gate the 
Broadgate being shut as it was accustomed to be, And William Glover and the rest of 
the Scotch staid without, That soon after the said James Stewart and Thomas Stewart 
were entred into the castle the sd James MacHenry went in at the gate and this Examinate 
followed him, that, as soone as they were gone in they found the Porter of the Gate and 
the sd James Stewart and Thomas Stewart quarrelling and that the two Stewarts swords 
were drawne upon which the sd James MacHanry and Donnell grome MacDonnell 
(since likewise killed with the men which he had in the Castle to keepe the Castle tor his 
own or what end he knows not; disarmed the sd James Stewart and Thomas Stewart, 



20 



T h e S t e w a r t s of R a I lint o y 



And being demanded upon what ground the sd two Stewarts drew their swords after they 
were within the Castle Gate he saith he believes it was to force the Porter to open the 
Gate and make way tor William Glover and the Sects without the Gate to come in, That 
soone atter the said two Stewarts having their swords restored them were sent out 01 the 
Castle and the Examinate being demanded it any ot the Brinish came after unto the 
Castle tor safety ot their lives, he saith that all who came thither tor shelter were received 
in and their lives saved, And being demanded who those were he saith John Murghlan, a 
smith, John Hunter, a carpenter, John Kidd, a mason, Allester Begg Stewart, afterwards 
the said Countesses Moulterer and some other men and women whose names he doth 
not remember, That he did not see or know ot or heare of any murdred at Ballycastell 
but one Jennett Speir whoe was killed on the Backside ot the sd. Countesses stable neare 
the Castle, but by whom lie knows not, That Allester MacColl MacDonncll and James 
MacHenry came to visit the Countess at Ballycastell atter the murder at Portnaw and 
in the Layney soe often as they pleased, and that this Examinate sometimes did see them 
and other there, and further he saith not. 

"H. Coote." Rich: Brasikr. 

The evidence ot Edmond O'Hagan represents what took place at 
the Castle in a more favourable light than even the Countess herself 
had been able to do. Donnell Gorm MacDonnell, ot Killoquin, in 
Rasharkin, had been appointed to seize Ballyeastle House and hold it 
for the Irish. He was soon compelled to evacuate, and was slain some 
time atterwards, at Glenmaquiney, in County Donegal. James 
MacHenry (O'Neill) was a near relative ot the Countess, with whom 
she appears to have acted in concert. 

STUART. 



Here 
t h e 
James 
W h o 
Jan 31 
aged 
Mother 
who d: 
80 y 

James 
1st Jti 



>/ '-". ,v^0 lyeth 
H LC^ £$* bodyof 

Stuart 

n 



. \. .«.. e_j / \ die d 



also his 

Stuart 
1 796 Aged 
his faTHER 
Stewart who diet! 

1799 aged 80 years 



years. 

Agness 
5th 

July 

Also 



The arms are similar to those worn by Stewart of Ardsowan, Scotland. 



T h e S t e w a r t s of B a 1 1 i n t o y 21 



Lord Antrim had returned to Dunluce Castle for a temporary visit, 
and during his stay there General Monro quietly took him prisoner 
and lodged him in Carrickfergus Castle. Another Archibald Stewart, 
who was related to the agent, and who appears to have been Squire to 
Lord Antrim, set about planning means for his liberat on, which was 
accomplished with great tact. He procured a passport from the 
Governor of Carrickfergus, as if for an invalid leaving the place, f ord 
Antrim was forthwith dressed as such, and no one recognised him. 
He was thus carried on hoard a vessel about to sail tor Carlisle, where, 
when he arrived, he quickly dispensed with his sick garments, and, 
accompanied by Stewart, set out to visit the king at Oxford. After a 
brief sojourn there, Lord Antrim and Stewart returned, carrying with 
them very important papers and letters to the chiefs of the royal 
party in this country. Their movements, however, had been closely 
watched, and no sooner did they reach the shore, than they were seized 
by one of Monro's officers, and lodged in Carrickfergus Castle. I heir 
papers were sent by Monro to the provisional Government at Edin- 
burgh. Stewart was soon afterwards brought to trial tor assisting 
Lord Antrim to escape, and having been convicted, was executed at 
Carrickfergus, in July, 1643. 1 

Few families have sent out from the main stem a greater number of 
collateral branches than that of the Ballintoy Stewarts. The first 
settler, James Stewart, had, besides Ninian, his heir, a younger son, 
David, and two daughters, Jane and Christian. David married and 
left three sons, and, in addition to his direct male descendants, he is 
represented through the female line by many families, among whom 
may be mentioned the Maconaghys, Woodrows, MacCooks, Gillespies, 
Ghahams, MacCoys, Browns, xMacAllisters, MacQuoids, Temples, 
Eglintons, Johnstons Andersons, and Macllroys. David's two sisters 
also married and left families. Christian became the wife ot her kins- 
man, Brice Dunlop, but we have not been able to ascertain the name of 
Jane's husband. 

1 General Monro's letter to the English Parliament, dated Carrickfergus. 23rd May, 1643, inf >rming them, 
among other matters, of the capture of Lord Antrim, concludes in these words: "The Earl of Antrim shall, 
God willing, be kept close in the Castle of Carrickfergus till I he acquainted from your h m mrs c mcerning 
him; and the trait >r who conveyed him last away is to be executed, since we can ex! rt i i disc jvery from him 
that is contained in the papers sent to Scotland." This letter is printed in Dr. Raid's History, vol. i, p. 410. 

2 The Dunlops must have settled on the Antrim coast so->n after their kinsm-n the Stewarts, and were 
probably influenced in d >ing s i by their relationship to the latter. Bryan (sometimes written Bryce) 1 I u lop 
married Christian Stewart, a d uighter if the firs! s ttler of that n ime from Bute. The Dunlops were originally 
an Irish race, known in Uladh as the O'Duinsleibbe, or MacDuir.sleibhe, now Anglicised D>n!evy in this 
country. Members of this once powerful family were princes ind chiefs in Ulidia. At wh it per id, or under 
what circumstances, they emigrated t > Sj itland is n it kn iwn, but in that kingdom their descendants were 
called Dunslephes, D.mslaifs. D.ml.aps, Dunlops, and Livings! mes.— See Irish Topi, \raphical Poems, edited 

by Dr. O'Djnovan, \\v.. l<>0.1 U.-tw i the ye irs 130b t:id 130 ), King Robert Bruce granted seven and a 

half '!•■.' -•■•: ;r,;:,- >f land in his ! irdship of Kantyre n fanvs, the s in of Dans'.eph, the grantee rendering the 
forinsic service of a ship of 2<> mrs, ivtt'i its complement ol nen and vii i i.ils. — Ha lint •:' ■ C \leci\ - . v il. ii.. 
p. 77, quoted in Oriiiv.es /';-; hiales S tint. vol. ii., p. 319.) In 1337, I ■an MacDunslaif appears in rec ird 
as possessing the tands of Auchnucree. in the L >rd*hip of Loarn. \ small freehold, iriirinally ; •. . Ive icres, 
bul I it! -rly ii only s v. in Lsimore, his be -a held for man/ centuries by a family named Livings! me, is cui- 
todiers of the bish >p's croaer styled the B.iciniU m ire. These Livingstones are ; » ill] k i nvn as the B ir ins 
of Bachaill. In the churchyard ol Kilbride, C.mtire. there is a curious cross, now Led as a gravest >ne, with 



The S t c w arts of Ball i n toy 



Ninian, the representative, besides his heir, left a younger son, also 
named Ninian, and one daughter, Catherine. Catherine married John 
Stewart, of Red Bay, 1 and besides many families of Stewarts decended 
from her throughout the Glynns, her descendants in the female line 
intermarried with the families of MacAllister, MacNeill, MacGaghey, 
Black, O'Neill, MacCambridge, Delargey, Magill, Moore, Kane, Downey 
MacAulay, MacCoy, MacShannog, MacCahern, MacMullin, Martin, 
Murray, Robinson, Murphy, MacKendry, MacCormac, MacDonnell, 
O'Lynn, MacKinley, Magee, Fullerton, Ramsay, and MacPhaull. 

But her brother Ninian (who was also the younger brother of 
Archibald, agent to the second Earl of Antrim) was ancestor of the 
greater number of collateral families. lie married a lady named 
Jane MacCullough, by whom he left twelve children, five sons and 
seven daughters. The names of his sons were William, George, Robert, 
Alexander, and Lewis. His daughters' names were Christian, Isabella, 
Mary, Grizel, Jane, Alice, and Rose. The following notice of their 
families, although so brief, will enable the reader to form an idea of 
the vast multitudes connected with the Stewarts of Ballintoy at the 
present day. The names undermentioned only represent the female 
lines to the fifth generation from Ninian. 

1. William, the eldest son, who lived in Carey, left one son, John, 
and two daughters, Mary and Ashley. John's daughter, Letitia, 
married the Rev. Robert Rowan, of Oldstone, and Mary, her sister, 
married Hugh Dickson, both leaving large families. Their descendants 
in the female line intermarried with the families of Hamill, MacCready, 
Carey, Henry, Baillie, MacGuffin, Perry, Steele, and Blackhouse. 

2. Robert, the second son, settled at Maghremore, in the parish of 
Ramoan, about three miles from Ballycastle. His family consisted 

the crucifixion, surmounted by the latters. I. H. S., said to mark the grave of Livingstones, in Gaelic Mac- 
lanlea. — (Origines Parochiales Scotiae, vol. ii., pp. 155. 163, 826.) It ha 1 - been conjectured by Burke and others 
that the Stewarts of Ballintoy are descended from Ninian, the Shei rl .'f Bute, by hi? ;!::rd wife, Elizabeth 
Blair, but the much greater probability is that they are his posterity through his second wife. Janet Dunlop. 
It Joes not appear that Elizabeth Blair left any but one son, Robert, who inherited from his father the lands of 
Ambrismore in the parish of Kingarth, and the lands of Queane in the parish of Rothesay. See Origines 
Parochiales Scotiae, under Kingarth and Rothesay. 

1 The following deposition was made, no doubt, by one of the Red Ray Stewarts, but how this family 
was related to the Ballintoy Stewarts previously to the marriage mentioned above, is not known: — 

The examination o! Andrew Stewart of C'oshendonn in C'ulfagtrim parish, yeoman, 
taken before us the sd 4th day of March. Ib52. 

Whoe being sworne and examined saith. That about nine or ten daics after tiie Murder at 1'ortnaw about 
24 Brittissh, young and old canid unto tins examinants house at C'oshendonn, (Alex. MacKay haveing re- 
ceived order from Alex. Colin aMacDonncil, to secure this Examinant) which Brittish with their goods this 
Examinant put into his kill (kiln) that he this Examinant upon some occasion being angry with two Irish 
boyes, his servants, they went tint > the said Alexander MacKay and the companie of Irish which were with 
him, about halfe a mile thence, and told him how this Examinant had some Scotch hid in his Kill. Upon 
which the said Alexander MacKay, with about sixteene men came unto this Examinants house, and demanded 
of him the key of his kill, and caused the said Examinant to open the doorc, telling him lie heard there was 
pood store of gold and money there, and he would view it. And as s ...in- a* the do ire was opened, ali the men 
with him went into the Kill, and tooke away and rubbed the Brittish "f their packs, and fardells, and of all 
their goods and moneys whatsoever, to tin- clothes upon their backs. That two nights after, the Examinant 
and all the said robbed people for safety of their lives gott away in a boate lor Scotland, and farther he saith not. 

11. Coote. Rich. Brasier, Mayor. 

[We are now almost satisfied that the much-worn, unnamed armorial stone in Layde churchyard (see 
vol. v., p. 42), which we weie formerly unable to designate, marks the resting-place of Stewart of Red Bay 
Castle. — Editor.] 



T h c S / e w a r t s of B a I It n t o y 23 



of one son, Janus, and two daughters, Rose and Jane. Rose married 
Alexander MacAllister, and Jane became the wife of James MacCook. 
Besides Robert Stewart's representatives in the male line, his descend- 
ants in the female line intermarried, in their generations, with the 
families of MacAllisters, MacCook, Macllmoyle, Baird, Sheil, Orr, 
MacMullan, MacBride, MacDowal, MacAuley, O'Neill, MacHendry, 
and many others. 

3. Alexander Stewart, the third son, resided at Capecastle, also 
in the parish of Ramoan, and adjoining Maghremore. He left a family 
of two sons and one daughter. The daughter, whose name was Rose, 
married John MacAulay. Besides his descendants in the male line, 
Alexander's representatives in the female line intermarried, among 
others, with the families of MacAulay, Galbraith, MacLoughlin, Boyd, 
Dellet, MacDougall, MacKenzie, Bruce, and Dennison. 

4. Not much is knwon as to the descendants of George Stewart, 
the fourth son, who left only one daughter, Elizabeth. Her daughters 
intermarried with the families of MacCormac, Magee, Hamilton, and 

Ormsby. 

5. Lewis, the fifth son, resided in Carey. He left one son, William, 
and two daughters, Rose and Jane. Rose married a person named 
Horan Lee, but we have not any additional information as to this 
branch. 

6. Christian, the eldest daughter of Ninian, married — . Hutchin- 
son, of Stranocum. One of her sons became a distinguished lawyer, 
and accumulated a very large fortune, which he left to be distributed 
among his relatives to the fifth degree. 

7. Isabella, the second daughter, became the wife of Thomas 
Stewart of Esson, in Ramoan. Her descendants in the female line 
intermarried with the families of Campbell, MacNeill, Cusack, Lynn, 
Ditty, Lamond, Gibson, MacAulay, Macllhatton, Craig, MacCoy, 
Warnock, MacGarney, Scally, Macllmoyle, Steele, Hill, Dunkin, 
Macllroy, Boyd, Montgomery, MacKeeman, MacCurdy, MacAllister, 
Cross, Maclean, MacMinn, Searight, Hopkin, Reilly, Dunlop, Ander- 
son, Thompson, MacDonnell, MacKeever, Hamill, and Boland. 

8. Mary, the third daughter, was married to Malcolm Maconaghy, 
and is represented, at the present day, by the Maconaghys, MacXeills, 
MacCurdys, Wallaces, Scotts, Sinclairs, MacAtyres, MacBrides, 
Loughreys, Blacks, MacQuaigs, MacHenrys, MacArthurs, Dempseys, 
Cahills, Boyles, Campbells, Boyds, Kennedys, Lysles, Montgomerys, 
MacF.lvins, Hayes, Macllhattricks, Rogers, MacMullins, MacLough- 
lins, Kanes, Downeys, Browns, Kirkpatricks, and Hulls. 

9. Grizel, the fourth daughter, became the wife of Captain Andrew 
Jollie, who resided at Drumnakill, Carey, and whose lineal representa- 



24 T h c S ! e :: art s of 11 alii n t o y 

tivcs were Charles and Archibald Jollie, 0} the same place. The 
descendants of Andrew Jollie and Gri/el Stewart in the female line 
intermarried with the families of Thompson, Boyd, MacCurdy, Cole- 
man, Hunter, Scally, MacCahan, Mullan, MacFarlane, Maclninch, 
MacCoy, Laverey, MacCormac, Meghan, O'Reilly, MacAleese, Mac- 
Intyre, Kelly, MacAulay, Sharpe, MacMichael and Kane. 

10. Jane, the fifth daughter, married Daniel Frizel, and left three 
daughters, Jane, Mary, and Catherine, who became the wives of 
Rodger MacGildowney, John MacCaw, and William Thompson. 
Their descendants in the female line intermarried with the families of 
MacBride, Brown, Duffin, MacMullan, Hagan, MacKendry, Farrier, 
Wilson, Hall, Macllvennah, MacCormac, Ferguson, Whitefort, Dollan, 
Gillespie, Hynes, MacCoy, O'Murry, O'Guillian, Martin, Loughan, 
Hunter, MacCurdy, Dougall, MacAllister, and MacNeill. 

11. Alice, the sixth daughter, married Major Alexander MacAulay, 
of Glenville, near Cushendall, and left one son, Alexander, and one 
daughter, Alice. Alexander's daughter, Mary, became the wife of 
John Cuppage, and left six daughters: viz., Sarah, Alice, Margaret, 
Elizabeth, Mary, and another whose name is unknown. Sarah married 
the Rev. James Moore, and left eight children: viz., Alexander, James, 
Mary, Adam, Robert, Charles, Hugh, and Richard. Alice Cuppage 
married the Rev. Lindsay Hall, and left seven children: viz., Mary, 
Jane, Walter, Alice, Leonora, Sarah, and John. Margaret Cuppage 
married Surgeon William Douglas, and left eleven children: viz., 
Mary, Jane, John, Margaretta, James, Leonora, Adam, Thomas, 
Anna, William Sharman, and Catherine Mildred. Elizabeth Cuppage 
married Surgeon MacCurdy, and left five children viz., John, Letitia, 
Stephen, Mary, and William. Mary Cuppage married a gentleman 
named Cranston, and left one daughter, Sarah, who became the wife 
of Alex. Templeton. The sixth Miss Cuppage married John Greer, 
and left four children: viz., George, John, Alexander, and Sarah Mildred. 

12. Rose Stewart, the seventh daughter of Xmian, married Xeal 
MacNeill, of Cushendun, and left two sons, John and Lachlan. Her 
descendants in the female line intermarried with the families of Lee 
Bellingham, Stewart of Red Bay, Drumgold, Montgomery, and many 
others. 1 

The foregoing list is curious in one respect, as showing what a vast 
number o! families are descended in the female line to the fifth genera- 
tion, from James Stewart, the first settler in Ballintoy. It proves to 
us simply enough the truth of the proposition that all men, high and 
low, rich and poor, are "of one blood," or, what, perhaps, is more diffi- 
cult to believe, that every peasant in the land descends, more or less 

1 List of Claimant.! to the ft lit, hinson Bequest. 



T h e S 1 e zv a r / s o f 11 a 1 1 i a t o y 25 



remotely, from princely ancestors. Take the humblest dweller on the 
Antrim coast, for example; and whether lie he a MacBride or Met;. 
a Shiel or Scally, a Mullan or MacCormac, we can trace his descent 
from James Stewart, the iirst settler of the name in Ballintoy, and rrom 
him to John Stewart, the lirst Sheriff of Bute. From this point we 
can easily proceed to demonstrate that the ancestors of Mullan or 
Megaghey aforesaid were kings of Scotland and monarchs o! Ireland, 
for thus may the several links of the genealogical chain he put to- 
gether: — John Stewart, Sheriff of Bute, from whom our Antrim peasant 
is descended, was the son of Robert II., of Scotland, the son of Margery 
Bruce, daughter oi Isabella, daughter of David II., son of Prince 1 (enry, 
son of David I., son of Malcolm III., son of Duncan, son of Beatrice, 
daughter of Malcolm II., son of Kenneth II., son of Malcolm I., son of 
Donnell, son of Constantine II., son of Kenneth I., son of Alpin, 
son of Eachaidh II., or Achaius, son of Aodh Finn, son of Eachaidh I., 
son Domhangard II., son of Domhnall Breac, son of Eachaidh Buidhe, 
son of Aidan, son of Gauran, son of Domhangard I., son of Fergus 
Mor Mac Earca, of Dalriada, in Antrim, who founded the Scottish 
monarchy in North Britain, about the year 506. From this prince the 
family line runs on through Cairbre Riada and Colla Huaish until it 
reaches Hererrion, who was the first king of the Scott in Ireland, and 
who reigned about one thousand years before the Christian era. From 
Heremon, genealogists endeavour to trace the line up to Noah and 
Adam, and although they may not be able to do so very satisfactorily, 
yet we know to Adam it must extend, for in the words of an ancient 
Irish historical tale, "This Adam is the certain universal head which 
connects every genealogical branch, and the only beautiful wide branch- 
ing trunk in every genealogy, and the genuine ancient founder and 
basis of every ramifying tribe, and the excellent solid stock of branching 
sides, in which unite and meet all the genealogical ramifications of" the 
peoples, families, and tribes of the earth, which have been, or will be, 
born, from the first creation of the universe and formation of the 
elements, and of the nine orders of heaven, down to that notable day of 
the general judgment, when the truth of the sentence of the redeeming 
judge, passed upon them all, shall be seen proved." 1 

Archibald Stewart was succeeded by his son, named also Archibald. 
Of the latter, not much is known beyond the facts that he was an 
influential country gentleman, and for a time enjoyed the distinction 
of being a member of Parliament. In 1662, a dispute arose between 
him and Dr. Ralph King, also a member of the Irish House of Commons, 
respecting the possession of certain lands situated in the barony ot 
Carey, and in the Island of Raghery. Dr. King had been regularly 

l Battle oj MatfiRatk, O'Doiiovan's Translation, p. 99. 



26 T h e S t e to art s of B a I li n t o y 



receiving the rents of these hinds, through his agent, William MacKer- 
rell, 1 of Ballycastle; but Stewart was able to procure an order from the 
House of Lords, restraining the agent from collecting any rents in 
future from the lands, and prohibiting him from handing over to 
Dr. King any sums that had already been received. Dr. king there- 
upon petitioned the House of Commons, the members of which felt 
indignant that Stewart had appealed to the Lords, in a case wherein 
another member of their House was concerned. The Commons, after 
due debate and consideration, "ordered, that Major Goodwin, with as 
many of the members as please to accompany him, do repair to the 
House of Lords at their next sitting, and acquaint their Lordships 
with the vote which passed this day (6 .May, 1662) in this House upon 
the petition of Dr. Ralph King, one of the members thereof, for, and 
concerning the proceedings of Archibald Stewart, Esq., another of the 
members of this Llouse, in obstructing the said Dr. King from receiving 
his rents in the barony of Carey, and Island of Raghlins, in the county 
of Antrim, upon pretence of orders from their Lordships, and the said 
Major Goodwin is likewise to declare unto their Lordships the grounds 
and reasons which moved this House to make the said order, and 
thereupon to desire their Lordships, in case their Lordships have given 
any orders, either for sequestering the rents belonging to the said 
Dr. King, in the barony and island aforesaid, or have done any other 
thing that doth, or may, hinder or retard William MacKerrell, agent to 
Dr. King, from receiving the rents and profits issuing out of said lands, 
belonging unto said Dr. King, that the said orders may be recalled and 
revoked; that so the privileges of the House in general, and of their 
said member in particular, may be preserved free and inviolable." 
It would appear that Stewart at once submitted to the decision o the 
House, for, on the 3rd June, we rind the following order: "Whereas, 
Archibald Stewart, Esq., a member o this House, hath by his promise 
publickly engaged, not to interrupt, directly or indirectly, the agent 
or agents of Dr. Ralph King, a member likewise of this House, in 
demanding, collecting, receiving and paying over unto the said Dr. 
King, the rents and profits of such lands, in the barony of Carey, and 
Island of Raghlins, as do belong unto, and are in the possession of, 
the aid Dr. King, in his own proper right; and that he will this day, 
by a letter under his hand, signify as much unto the country, that so 
all lets and impediments, which obstruct the said Dr. King's receiving 

1 Win. MacKerrell, or MacCarroll, was the representative of a very old and once powerful family, the 
Ua Cairil, who uere princes in Ul.idh, and wh >se ancient residences were probably in the (lie:: extending 
between Ballycastlc and Armoy, on the north-western s i J r- of Knocklayd. The sites of at least two such 
princely residences may still be traced. The power of the l T a Cairil princes was broken by the I Itonians, on 
the field of Ardagh, in Ramoan, where a ere.it battic was fought in the year 10/7. The MacCarrolls from 
. that period gradually sank, through the vari .as stages >.f family decay, until in the seventeenth century their 
head or representative only occupied the position ( >t a land agent. Their burial place was Ramoan, where a 
tombstone recorded the death of i William MacCarroll mi 1?«0. [This stone, we have been informed, had 
armorial bearings, but is believed to be buried, and cannot now be traced. — I'.diioh. ] 



T h e S t c w a r t s of B a 11 in t o v 27 



his rents, may be removed; it is ordered, that the message, formerly 
appointed by the Mouse to be sent up to the Lords, concerning the 
difference between both, the said parties, be no further proceeded in." 
In 1665, there is record in the Commons' Journals of a somewhat 
similar attempt by the same gentleman against another member of 
Parliament. Under date 10th of February, we have the following: 
"Upon consideration had of the petition of Peter Beaghan, a member 
of this House, complaining against Archibald Stewart of Ballymacfin, 
parish of Billy, and William Boyd of Carnequllagh (now Carncullagh), 
for distraining petitioner's tenants without just cause, upon the quarter- 
land of Islandtickard, three quarters of Moycregmore, and three 
quarters of Lisnagall (Lisnagatt?), in the County of Antrim, it is 
ordered upon question, that the said Archibald Stewart and William 
Boyd shall be summoned by the Serjeant at Arms forthwith to appear 
before the House and answer the contents of the said petition." This 
affair probably terminated as the last had done, by Stewart with- 
drawing his claim, of whatever nature it may have been, on the lands 
above named, as we find no further reference to the question in the 
Commons' Journals. 

Of Stewart's children only one daughter, Bernella or Bernarda, 
lived to inherit the family property. This lady was married, about 
the year 1650, to her kinsman, James Stewart, son of John Stewart, 
of Straidh, in the parish of Ballintoy. In 1664 her husband inherited 
the estates of his cousin, Ninian Stewart, of Kilcathan or Kilchattan, 
in the Island of Bute. These estates consisted of five marklands of 
Kilcathanmore, three marklands of Kilcathanbeg, three marklands 
of Langlelorid, twenty-shilling lands of Langilkechad, two marklands of 
Dungdill, or Dunzull, three marklands of Kildavanane, the £5 lands 
of Ballinkaillie and Blackhouse, of old called the £5 lands of the Forest 
to Bute, together with the family mansion of Kilcathan, so beautifully 
situated on the Bay of the same name. These properties were probably 
sold by James Stewart, of Ballintoy, soon after he came into possession 
of them, as we do not find his name recorded as owning estates in Bute 
after the year 1664. 1 

1 The descendants of John Stewart, the fust sheriff, spread themselves over the entire island of Bute, 
occupying its principal residences, and owning almost ail its landed property at the commencement of the 
seventeenth century. Thus, we rind that in the parish of Km, -rath, which includes the southern division of the 
island, the lands of Killislough. or Kell mtjh, Cerrecroy, Ambrismore, ivillchattan, or Killcathan, Langill, 
Brigadill, Drumcly, Ascos, KdHdavanan, Gillachane, and Dunzull, were held by members of this family,' 
between the years 1174 and loJ7. In like manner, the lands throughout Rothesay, the northern division of 
Bute, known as the Forest IJallinkaillie, Blackhouse, Kdlldonanan, Kilmore, Largabractane, Cunningburgh, 
Barrone, Ikllelone, Ardmeleish, Grecnan, Kerslag, Dunallird, Kilmichael, Largcane, Barmorc, Qucane, 
Ardscalpsy, Drumacloy, K.ilk]uh nilik, A.-'i ir\ olik, together with the lands occupied by the Mill and Castle of 
Rothesay, were in possession of vari i :; families of Stewarts (all descended from the tirst sheriff) between the 
years 14S0 and 1660. The above lands were ail held by their occupants as grants from the crown. See 
Origiaes ParochiaUs Scotial, Parishes or Kingrath and Rothesay. 



28 The Stewarts of B a 1 1 i n t o y 



Bernarda Stewart was buried inside the Church of Ballintoy. On 
a red freestone slab beneath the east window, in the chancel, is the 
following simple inscription: 

Under this stone 
Bernarda Stewart 
doth ly who pangfull 
Death overcame 
victoriously. 
1663. 

Close beside this stone is another red freestone slab covering the 
grave of a child named Nicholas Stewart, who was, no doubt, her son. 
On this latter is the following inscription: 

Here lies Nicholas 
Stewart who 
departed this life 
the X of September 

1667. 
When tender plants 
Such as this childe, 
By nature comely, 
Courteous, mildc, 
Have, christian-like 
Out-run their race, 
Not earth but heaven 
Have for their place; 
Let us behinde 
Implore his grace 
That quickly we 
May see his face. 1 

Among some papers found in an old chest at Ballintoy Castle, after 
the estate had passed into the hands of Dr. Fullerton, was the following 
list, containing a vast number of denominational names on the Antrim 
property. This document, which is very neatly written on one folio 
sheet, was drawn up originally to facilitate the collection of certain 
"Lapsed Monies" intended to liquidate the immense debts inurred by 
the second Earl of Antrim, who was created a Marquis in 1643. The 
portion of this list here given includes all the names of places returned 
from the baronies of Dunluce and Carey. Readers throughout these 
districts will be able to compare, each in his own locality, the names of 
sub-divisions of land and the number of arable acres, two hundred 
years ago, with the modern names and the acreage of the present day. 
When the Antrim estates were forfeited in the time of the Common- 

1 The armorial stones of Ballintoy will shortly be piven in the journal.— Editor. 



T h e S t e to a r t s of Ballintoy 29 



wealth, Lord Massereene had got hold of the barony of Dunluce 
against which he had laid large claims, which, indeed, were allowed, or 
admitted, in the celebrated Act of Settlement of 1662. By that Act 
the Commissioners were required to cause the King's letters to be put 
into speedy execution "for the full satisfaction of the said Lord Massa- 
rene to all intents and purposes; which being done, your are then to 
cause the said estate whereof the said Lord Massarene is seized in the 
barony aforesaid, to be delivered to Daniel O'Xeale, groom of our bed- 
chamber, in satisfaction for an incumbrance of a much greater value 
wherewith the barony of Dunluce, set out to the adventurers, stands 
charged for the behoof of the said Daniel O'Xeale." 1 

The same Act of Settlement contains the following paragraph, 
explanatory of certain important arrangements respecting the barony 
of Carey: "And be it enacted by the authority of this present Parlia- 
ment, that one grant or lease made by Randa! now Marquess of Antrim, 
on or about the 21st of November, 1637, of the barony of Carey, the 
lordship of Bally Castle, and the island of Rachlins, and all his lands 
and hereditaments within the said barony, lordship, and island, or 
any of them, unto Alexander Mac Donnell, John Moore, Archibald 
Stewart, and John Trayleman, for ninety nine years, from Michaelmas 
1637, which lease was made in trust in payment of and counter-security 
against his debts, shall be and remain of the like effect and force in law, 
and no other, as the same was before the making of this Act; anything 
in this Act before contained to the contrary notwithstanding. And 
that the said estate and term of years of and in the said demised prem- 
ises shall be and is hereby transferred from the aforesaid lessees unto 
and vested and settled in Martin Xoel, Esq., Thomas Carleton, citizen 
and mercer of London, and John Bradbone, of the Middle Temple, 
London, gentleman, who shall hold and enjoy the said demised premisses 
from henceforth, for and during such interest as they legally have by 
the said lease, upon this trust reposed in them, that they, their executors 
and administrators, shall from time to time, dispose and imploy such 
monies as they shall raise or receive by or out of the said premisses for 
and towards the satisfaction and payment of all such debts of the said 
Marquess as are yet unpaid, and were intended by the said lease of 
ninety-nine years to be secured; and that all and every person and 
persons now seized or possessed of any part of the premisses, and 

1 Daniel or Donnell O'Xeill was son of C'^n O'Neill, of Castlereagh. whose family possessions were dis- 
tributed amonj? the Montgomeries of the .Wis, the Hamiltons of Kilhleaeh. the Hills of Stranmillis, r.nd 
others. The son of Con O'Xeill found favour at the English Court, and was thus, in some measure, compen- 
sated for the loss of his ancestral estates. He died in 16t>3, and on his tomb, in Broughtnn Malherbe Church, 
is the following inscription: "Here lies the body of Mr. Darnel O'Neale. who descended from that great, 
honourable, and ancient family of the O'Xeales of Ireland, to whom he added new lustre by his cun merits, 
being rewarded for his courage and loyalty in the civil wars, under King Charles the First and Charles the 
Second, with the offices of Postmaster-General of England. Scotland, and Ireland. Master of the I'owder, and 
Groom of his Majesty's Bed Chamber. He was married to the Rich: Honourable Katherine Countesse of 
Chesterheld. who erected him this monument as one of the last market of tier kindnesse, to show her affection 
longer than her weak breath would serve to express it." 



30 T h e Sic iv arts of B a 1 1 i n t o y 

reprizable by the rules of the declaration and instructions and this 
present act, shall he forthwith reprized tor so much as shall be adjudged 
from them by virtue of the said lease." 

Martin Neoll, mentioned above, was a London scrivener, who had 
accommodated Lord Antrim with the loan of money to a large extent. 
Noell was knighted in 1663, and died of the plague, on the 29th of 
September, 1665. The list found at Ballintoy Castle refers to him as 
Sir Martin Noell, and it must, therefore, have been drawn up in the 
interval between those two years, probably in 1663. ' Charles II. was 
observed to evince more than a common degree of anxiety to have the 
Marquess of Antrim restored and his estates relieved as much as possible 
from all claimants against it. It was whispered among his own cour- 
tiers that Antrim had led the King to believe the whole vast property 
would be bequeathed by him, in due time, to a huh' who was .aid to 
be nearly connected with the royal family The Marquess was often 
employed, to be sure, "in setting springes to catch woodcocks," and 
in this instance he must have felt that his success was at least equal to 
his ingenuity. The affair is thus noticed by Pepys in his "Diary," 
under date February 22, 1663-64: "The King hath done himself all 
imaginable wrong in the business of my lord Antrim, in Ireland, who, 
though he was the head of rebels, yet he (the King) by his letters owns 
to have acted by his (the King's) father's and mother's and his com- 
missions; but it seems the truth is, he (the marquess) hath obliged 
(bound) himself, upon the clearing of his estate, to settle it upon a 
daughter of the Queen-Mother's, by my Lord Jermyn, I suppose, in 
marriage, be it to whom the Queen pleases; which is a sad storv." 

The following explanatory note is appended by the compiler of 
this curious and valuable document: 

"Collums in Books of the Lapsed Mony containe, first ye Denominations, secondly the 
numbr of acres, and thirdly ye Sume to be Leavyed. 

"Only observe, that ye Pties. to whom ye sd. Lapsed Mony is payable, having volun- 
tarily abated three thousand pounds out nt the grosse sume of 27,0001., which is a ninth 
part of the sd. grosse sume, a ninth part is to be deducted our of each particular sume, the 
apportionment being made lor 27,0001., and then the remaining eight parts are to be 
divided into three parts, one third of which being only to be paid at two Gales (vizt. May 
and Allsaints 1699) to the Ear! of Orrery, ye other two persons to whom sd. Lapsed Money 
is payable, not having yet applied for their shares. But Note, that if any of the Lands 
taxed as papist Lands are now in the hands of protestants by lawful purchase, such lands 
by a particular proviso in his Majesty's letters, are exempt from the sd. Lapsed Mony." 2 

1 The diary of Samuel Pepys contains one or two curious references to Sir Martin N'oell. At the 27th of 
Feb., 1663, wc have the following: "Sir Martin Noell told us of the Ji«pute between him .is farmer of the 
Additional Duty, and the liast India Company, uhtthtr calico 'r linen ir no; which he says it is, having been 
ever esteemed so; they say it is made of i nt m woole, and gr >ws upon trees, n -t like tl i\ or hemp. R it it was 
earned against the Company, though they stand out against the verdict." On the 8th of October, 1665, there 
is the following notice of Lady Noell: "Sir Martin N'oell's lady is dead with grief for the death of her husband; 
but itseems nobody can make anything of lus estate, whether he be dead, worth anything or no, he having 
dealt in so many things, public and private, as nobody can understand u hereabouts lus estate is, which is 
the fate of these great dealers at everything." 

3 The "Lapsed Money" was probably allowed to remain uncollected during the interval between 1663 
ana 1699. 



T h c S t c iv art s o f Hall i n t o y 



31 



Dunluce Rarro. (Baroxy of Duxluce). 

Acres. 

Movovcr 430 1 

Ballybragagh 351 2 24 

Balh nenishellane ] 

Castlenefiagham \ 426 2 16 

Parcel ot Same J 

Coolebane of the Same 233 2 

Towrenagree 246 2 

Knockgallon 1 qr. of Knell 212 

Carrowgaragh, Do 145 

Corker . . . 369 2 16 

Logheele Castle 623 2 32 

Ballvhradauh 1 qr. of Knell 215 22 

Tullenknule, Do '. . . . 354 2 16 

Tontifenan 190 1 

Ballyveely 340 8 

Ballvwvanx Knock 6 Hollit 350 2 16 

Ball> any 354 3 8 

Monvnaeooe 413 

Lissinisk". 191 1 24 

Artis and Tobhernagoole ! 408 3 4 

als Toperagoole J 

Ballinatac-art 303 3 8 

Ballereagh 321 2 24 . 

Drumnafevy and Drumhoulagh 320 3 <S 

Knockrummg 175 1 8 

Shanias \ of Ballvbough 268 2 

Magherenehorv, Do 270 2 

Arteisford 330 ] 6 ■' 

Shelton 400 2 23 

Alltrinedon 237 3 8 

Ballvknock 485 3 8 

Ballvloop als Ballyloobv 300 16 

Lvdrumdertie 209 32 

Aghegaddy 109 2 1 6 

Magherevan 497 

Balfvlouuh 258 

Ballv 6 Mac William 622 32 

Killraghtis 419 32 

Magheryboy 132 1 24 

Cannaboy 116 2 16 

Knocknatrim 1 29 32 

Lissboy 107 32 

Tamagoe 193 16 

Tullegore 3 (jrs 196 1 6 

2 qrs. ofTulloge called Cloghan 230 1 8) 

2 qrs. of Tulloee called Levallvmorard 75 3 24/ 

Cullinkeale. . ' ' 124 3 24 

Coolerimonv 105 3 18 1 

Mullaghmore 92 1 24/ 

Cloughcorr 90 2 01 

Ballygobbin 76 2 0/ 

Stronockum 277 

Cornecall and Rossgartl 168 321 

Kirkill 1 qr 68 3 8 

2 qrs. of Kirkill 75 32} 

Gremyheild 351 16 

Killinraver 92 oj 

Millballinacrebecg 88 2 32 

Upper Ballmoylan 202 16\ 

Braeko«e 133 3 8J 



Su»:s Lei ied 

03 07 6 
02 05 00 

04 10 00 



02 05 00 
02 05 00 

00 18 00 

01 02 Or, 

4 10 



4 


10 


(i 


5 


17 





3 


7 


6 


o 


8 





1 


2 


6 


-i 


9 


6 


1 


16 





3 


3 





6 


10 


6 


5 


I 1 


6 


2 


14 








13 


6 


3 


7 


6 


-i 


5 








18 








13 


6 


2 


14 





1 


7 





4 


10 





3 


12 







/ 







2 


6 




7 







, 


6 




/ 






3 12 

6 15 

4 1 
1 4 9 

9 

3 7 6 

5 8 



32 



T h c S t e w arts of B a 1 1 i n t o y 



Does 

Lower Ballymoylan 98 2 161 

Enogh 1 55 3 24/ 

Ballyrobbin 181 

Ballycubbadall ISO 3 24 

Letr'im 154 3 24 

Ffarron Leassary 108 3 8 

Dunvarney 156 3 

Magacys als Negacy 113 

Conagher 96 3 

Ballynacreemore 1/9 2 

Draughindulke 106 1 24 

Gregitompane 165 1 8 

Glanilough 163 1 8 

Ballynemough Carninany and Tarareagh 451 3 24 

Athoubuv . .' ~ : 71 1 8] 

Semycock _ : 40 2 32) 

The Demesne of Glebe of Ballynemonagh 1330 1 32 

Cornanine and Lork 120 1 24; 

Carntullagh 124 3 8 J 

Coolcduffe 87 1 24 

Baliynacoffee 146 2 32 

Cassdall als Glassdall 1 13 2 32 

Drumnehegligh 136 1 24 

Cabrine 61 32) 

Ardmalphin 90 2 32 1 

Ardigoran 109 2 16( 

Toalliuin 146 1 8 

Taghifadd 66 1 16 

Cooleresheskin 96 32 

Ballvvatagh 56 3 24 1 

Tagliv. . 60 1 16 

Balldonellv 51 2 0] 

Seacon...' 125 0/ 

Kilmovle 109 2 

Sallyvatt Qur 65 3 8 

Drammace 137 2 16 

Coldach als Collagh 146 1 8 

Carvallagh 93 1 8/ 

\ of Ballroge 65 16 

Cavallaght 372 3 2 

Rosske 76 3 4 

Utall 97 1 24 

Killmoyle 1 13 32 

Corvally and Crossregh 123 2 

Ballyonokin and Ballwillin 63 161 

Cloughoin 32 1 8j 

Tobberdernan ' Towne 96 1 16 

Portrush 66 2 32 I 

Cloghoire and part of Spittle Land 1 14 1 24, 

Ballylough | and halfe 304 2 32 

Other pt Ballvlough 62 

Bunarden ?. Towne 292 2 | 

BallvboRgy 136 2 32/ 

Ballintibbert 133 2 32\ 

More of the same 115 2 16/ 

Ballvhome \ Towne 186 3 8 

Ballykcele 73 3 24 

Ballymuleere 112 3 01 

Ballynagarry 152 3 8? 

Cool'negore .' 96 1 8 j 

Ftarrenleassery 173 3 81 

Preists Land . 141 0J 

Lcike 94 3 8 



Sums Levied 

1 16 

2 14 
2 15 4 
4 I 

1 5 11 

2 17 4 

2 17 10 
1 16 

3 12 

1 2 6 

2 5 

1 16 
6 15 

4 10 

2 14 

4 10 

1 16 

5 8 

3 12 
1 2 6 



13 !0 



2 14 

3 12 



2 


14 





! 


16 





1 


4 


9 


7 


14 





1 


16 





1 


16 





! 


1 ! 


6 


i 





6 


o 





6 


9 


i 


3 


5 


12 


6 


3 


12 





5 


8 





5 


17 





1 


19 


4 





11 





3 


12 


o 


4 


1 





1 


7 


o 



9 



5 2 
1 13 2 



T h e S t e w arts of B a 1 1 i n t o y 



/■feres. Sums Levied. 

Clontuske 87 1 17 8 

Cloney 86 3 24 116 

Tubbercoppane and Dunluce \"illai_ r e 811 8 2 5 

Ballysallagh 78 32 1 8 8 

Portballintray als Portbell 66 32 2 2 2 

Lissaneduffe 132 2 5 

Gortnchiuh 75 2 2 6 

Mullaghmore 73 2 1 6 1 2 6 

Crcghbanny 83 2 32 116 

Ballyhuntly 208 2 - y A 

Island Carrick 1 107 1 8/ * b 

Tullvcapple 97 3 8 1 -7 

Ba!lvlurgan4Qrs 116 2 1 16 

Parke 34 1 13 

Ballynarris 129 24 7 o n 

Ballvnass 1011 8 ' l U 

Ballyloughmorc 282 3 24 , - . 

Ballyloughbeg 1410 0, -1/4 

Glassnerine 152 3 1 111 

Ballynagore .• 218 1 8 113 2 

Urbl'crough 260 3 7 6 

Castledenerick 124 2 2 117 *> 

Island Rosse 198 1 8 1 17 9 

Malledobber 50 32 19 8 

Ballyhome 1 Qr 105 2 32 1 16 

Carnebore 1 28 2 16 . .. , 

Mahebuy 110 0/ ' 

Ballvbistock 183 2 16 1 3 6 

Carnekogie 194 3 8 1 \h 

Lisscomon 1 99 2 1 6 ^ - f 

Maherebov 8 1 8 .'' J ' b 

Ballvloskey 421 2 81 

Ballyduffady 152 2 I6> 8 2 

Island Woagh 81 OJ 

Coole 7 5 1 3 24 1 2 6 

Knock Wallen 138 2 2 14 

Carnuffe 104 3 8 1116 

Knockanbuy 64 2 1 7 

Another Pt. of Same 63 3 16 1 2 6 

Ballyraghan 142 2 01 3 3 

Aghnecrossie 44 1 8/ 

Abberdoney and Carnforck 59 1 81 in 1 ^ q 

Carnecollough 368 1 16/ J y 

Inchgran 1 02 2 2 5 

Stroan 2 Qrs 195 2 4 10 

Leverrey \ and \ 146 1 8 116 

Qur. more thereof 56 3 32 11 3 

Dromcottagh 129 2 17 

Carnefoick. 1 24 1 7 

Mullaghduffe 65 3 13 

Ballynefav 154 32 1 7 

Ballynefaddy 204 2 5 

53196 3 30 753 10 3 

Sr. Martin Noell et als for Paymt of Debts. 
Marquess of Antrim ye Reversion. 

1 Carri^-Ri \n\. — This includes the vast isolated rick, a little ivay off the const, opposite the hill of 
Knocksoghy, and has been invariably but absurdly written in the Guide Hooks. Carr'\ck-a-kcde: and still 
more absurdly interpreted the "Rock-in-the-Road": meaning, as tiny say, the rock in the road of the salmon 
when journeying westward to the net at Larrybawn. But the salmon evidently do not regard the r « k in 
the light of an onstruction; for, t<n the contrary, they dclitrht to linger around it as they p.;ss. Carrig-Riada 
was the name originally employed to distinguish it as the K ick most remarkable in Dalriada; or it may h ivc 
been at first so named as being ill some way associated with the career of Carbery Riada, the founder of Prin- 
cipality. 



34 T h e S t c w arts of B a 11 i n t o y 



Carrf. Barro. (Barony ok Carey). 



01 



1 


4 





-I 


9 


6 


"■> 


17 





3 


3 








1 \ 


6 



1 


3 

1 


5 
4 



Drumkett 47 3 

Drumcomon 44 

Crossaliter 2/ 1 01 1() {g Q 

Bummemelloge ' " ' ° 

Crisarch.... «6 0| 

Glanackerine 140 ' ° 

Dunards \ and 1 374 ° 

Ballvvoy •', Towne - 207 ° ° 

Ballyrtagh \ Towne 227 ° 

Bunar^ee i Towne 99 3 

Acruell ]< > ] () 

Ballynagard called Drumnekellv 101 U 

Bunaglen 203 

Duncarbett 198 j>\ 

Cren^bane als Bruaehmore 237 0} i / 3 

Ffarne mack allistci 7 14 1 °J 

Coolenauappaue 1 Qr 96 2 

Downe 1 Qr. 105 

Mullendugane 106 2 Of 6 4 

Part ot' Roddings 1 Qr 31 2 

Topland of Same 83 2 0J 

Ballypatrick called Burmeine 1 Qur 75 2 ()\, 3 6 

Other Qur. called Maghercloughy 164 3 0/ 

Ballvnestraide 159 2 2 5 

Ballylermine 1 Qur 156 2 01 

Ballyclohagh and Corragh 1 Qur 318 3 

Ardimony 1 Qur 198 1 01 « jg q 

Loughan 1 Qur 190 2 

Ten Acres ot Ramacadine // 

Twenty Acres of Farenmac Mallen 67 

Torre 2 Qurs 337 4 4 5 

Ballycoran 319 Ul 6 2 5 

Turmacroyhane 1 Towne 152 3 0/ 

Maghera Temple 1 Towne 87 0) 

The" Parcell of Lossett 1213 0> 116 

Ballynagare other Qur 910 0J 

Ballvonan 1 Our 61 01 

Cullkeine 1 Qur 126 0[> 4 19 

Moyergitt 174 Oj 

Torrilosscan 1 Qur 106 1 10 11 

Moyergitt other Qur 220 110 11 

Corvallv 170 01 

Ardmov One Parcell 39 0; 

Athleake 350 0) 

Kilbrobbert 86 

Ballyvolly 270 

Drumnenine 165 

Drumhollv 178 0\ 

Towzare. 174 0/ 

Ballynalacge 1 Qur 113 0] 

Other Qur. called Tobberballv 43 0} 5 17 7 

Magherimore 1 Qur 138 Oj 

Drum William 1 Qur 52 2 0| 

Carnsamson 1 Qur 511 0}- 6 19 

Carncullagh 1 Qur 138 Oj 

Killkeyne als Myerbane 1 Qur 89 8 5 

Carnemone 1 Qur 8 ' 115 

Clogdumnory 1 Qur 106 0J 

Carnebane 1 Qur 70 2 3 7 



2 17 
4 16 11 

3 12 



1825692 

t 

T h e S t e a? arts of B a 1 1 i n t o y 



35 



Acres. 



58 



o 
7 
3 o 
1 



56 

82 2 

55 
231 

15 () 

9 

460 

106 

338 

26 3 



171 3 
139 1 
1 

92 1 
37 "* 
133 3 
166 1 
78 3 
87 2 



Drumargee ,g q 

Killgregg 

Altmamine 

Home 

Tenements of Ballycastle 

The Castle Parke g ° Q 

Drumsisske 43 

Lealand 

Gortetrumine . . . : 

Carnduffe 1 Towne 

3 of Novilly called Gortmadre 

Clare and Carncony 

Portbritis 

Tunoshiss Concealed Land 

Broom Tons ne 

Cape Castle 

Cloghcorre 1 Qur 

Rathmonea Parcell .^, 

Legeorre 1 Qur 119 

Braughgamon 

Glassaghie 2 Qur 

Magherenhere 1 Qur !x'. 

Maghere Castle 1 Qur 

Crogenie 1 Qur 

Lemneghmore 1 Qur 

Lemneghbegg 1 Qur 

Curasheskin 1 Qur 

Ballynoe 1 Qur 

Templeastragh % 

»- i 6/ 

Cregglappan 

Creganagh and Knocknagarvin 

Ballinlea 1 Qur 

Proluske 1 Qur 

Tobberkeigh 

Croghmore 1 Qur J° Q 

Lregnemaacly 

Ballveeloueh Qur 

Island MacAllen 

Croghbegg 2 Qurs 

Moyreighmore 2 Qurs 

Moyreighbegg 2 Qurs 

Lisnegrinoge 2 Qurs 

Brunegree 1 Qur 

Lissbrenine Grogh 

Shanvally 1 Towneland 

Carneheirke 2 Qurs 

Ballymoge 1 Qur J^" 

Ardoughtragh 1 Qur 

Stradkillin 

Maghereboy 

Donaghmore s SR ~3 

Ballyleney g C - -, 

Carnside '1 Qur > - 

Ardetragn 

Llsserlasse 1 Qur 

Tandow 1 Qur 

Clogher Towneland 

Casslanegree 1 Qur 

Killcubbin 1 Qur 

Ballyalaghty 1 Qur 

Ballyntoy 

Ballintavlor 



104 

132 

58 

85 

78 



(i 

(i 




u ! 


oj 

1 

II 

"I 

o| 

01 





OJ 



o 

II 






(I 





o\ 

OJ 
(I 





(I 



171 
54 1 
214 
135 3 
194 1 
219 
60 3 
140 
5 "7 
189 2 
138 



113 
64 
91 



112 3 
121 
288 
134 2 
72 2 
68 3 
456 



Sums Le::ed. 

16 8 

1 7 

11 16 

3 1 

1 7 
3 3 



3 


5 


5 


2 


6 


8 


2 


5 





i 


/ 





-y 


^ 





2 





6 


4 


1 





1 


i 1 


-1 


1 


o 


6 


4 


10 





3 


19 


11 


1 


1 





2 





6 


1 


16 


i) 


2 








4 


13 


4 


1 


8 


8 


3 


15 


i 


4 


19 





3 


6 


3 


3 


19 


11 


1 


19 


11 


3 


19 


9 





9 





3 


19 


6 


5 


11 


4 


1 


16 





3 


~ 


6 



15 



2 9 
2 6 



3 12 
5 11 

2 

2 5 

I 7 



36 



T h e S t e w arts of Hall i n I o y 



Acre. 

Mullaghduffe 72 1 

Tynene Robart 135 1 

Ballanv 1 Qur 81 

Acernagh 1 Qur 92 

Killault 1 Towne Land 173 

Ballvneagh I Towne Land 179 

Ballvvergan 1 Tov.ne Land 169 3 

Killpatrick 1 Towne Land 294 

Ballygill 1 down 1 .and 1 70 

Ballykerry \ Townland 120 

Keawramcr 18 

Parcel of Messon 101 

Tulloyhore 144 3 

Gortanillagh 264 

Finercagh als Towaghreagh 156 

Crumoet 1 < )ur ...."' 98 2 

Altrasagh 1 Qur 149 2 

Killeroe \ Town Land 323 3 

Dimane 52 1 

Knockans '. 103 

Mimadoy 1 Qur 336 1 

Strnangallmore 40 3 

Braum als Breeme 204 

Clegine 104 

Bunshamlong and Tulloughpatrick 659 1 

Killmcomeoue 1 67 

Killetrayh I Towne 284 

Kiltillutragh 136 

Killincole." 121 2 

Island Carde 1 Qur 115 

Monester \ Town 155 

Lissnet^ett {• of Monester 43 

Carnekecne 123 

Lissmarerty 1 Qur 65 

Massess 1 Qur 151 2 

Carkclough als Carnecloughane 55 

Carnereagh 1 73 

Carelolus" 1 Qr 118 







22636 1 6 



Sums Levied. 
3 16 6 



o 












5 


7 





0] 



































o 








" 








o 








(1 


^ l 83 


8 



























































o 













2 


6 







16 



















12 


8 







2 


6 





4 


lu 










/ 








4 


10 











13 


6 







16 











18 


') 






4 


1 










' 5 


12 


6 





2 


17 


5 








13 


6 





? 


5 


6 








14 


1 



£311 1 



From the foregoing List it will be seen that many of the present 
names of townlands in fomer times were not used as such, although 
they were no doubt well known in connection with subdivisions. On 
the other hand, this List exhibits the names of many leading divisions 
of land in each neighborhood which are now merely local names, applied 
to small portions of townlands, and, in many instances, to single farms. 
The parish of Ramoan, in this respect, may be taken as a fair illustration 
ot the whole district. In 1663, the names Aghaleck, Ardagh, Bally- 
durneen, Carneatley, Doonfin, Drummans, Gortconny, and Mullarts, 
were not applied to leading divisions in this parish, although they are 
now used as names of Townlands. On the contrary, this old List 
preserves the names of Altmamine, Hovvme, Lealand, Gortetrumine, 
and Portbritis, which are now obsolete, or applied to very small sub- 
divisions. 



These fifteen subdivisions were situated in the Island of Rathlin. 



T /i e S t e •;:• a r t s o f 11 a 1 1 i n t o v 37 



James and Bernarda Stewart left one son, Archibald, who married a 
daughter of Sir Toby Poyntz; and one daughter, Mary, who became the 
wife of Richard Dobbs. 1 

In the year 1653, the leading Presbyterian families in the countie ; of 
Antrim and Down were threatened, tor a time with serious inflict 
by the Commissioners of Cromwell's Rump Parliament. The Presby- 
terians at this time cherished monarchical principles of government, 
maintaining that the authority of Cromwell was a sinful usurpation. 
For this they were summoned to Carrickfergus, and required by the 
Commissioners to take an oath called the Engagement, by which they 
would have abjured or repudiated the Government of Kings, Lords, and 
Commons. The Presbyterian gentlemen loyally and resolutely refused 
to comply, and expecting their refusal, the Commissioners had pre- 
viously made arrangements for transporting them and their families, 
en ))iassi\ from their homes in the North, to certain districts throu 
the province of Munster, which had been depopulated by war. Proc- 
lamation to this effect had been actually made at Carrickfergus, and 
transports were prepared, and lying off that place, to carry the Northern 
Scottish settlers into the South; but, fortunately for them, the Rump, 
from which the Commissioners drew their authority, was suddenly 
dissolved, and the Presbyterians were allowed to remain in their chosen 
homes. Among the families thus threatened, with removal, we find 
the following names of several Stewarts residing in the parish of Ballin- 
toy, and throughout the Route, viz.: — Major John Stewart, Captain 
James Stewart Captain Alexander Stewart, Alexander Stewart, sen., 
Lieutenant Thomas Stewart, and Quarter-master Robert Stewart. - 

1 Her eldest son. Arthur, was b irn at Girvan, in Scotland, April 2. 16S9. This Arthur Dobbs was author 
of sevcr.il works which were much read and appreciated at the time of their publicati >n. He wroti an essay 
on the Trad: of Ireland, a treatise on the /'- bability oj a A i rth-U'est Passant '. ■ India, and an account of Caituii 
Middleton's Voyage to Hudson's Bay. By his solicitations and advice the Government sent out two vt -..$ 
in 1744 to find out, if possibie, the tantalising North-West Passage. In 1755 he was appointed Governor of 
North Carolina, and died in his government, at Castle Dobbs, Cape Fear, near Brunswick. 

There were at least two other instances of intermarriage between the families of Stewart and D. Vis. 
Conway Richard Dobbs married Anne Stewart, daughter of Alexander Stewart, about the year 1751; and 
Francis Dobbs, the well-known orator and prophet, married Jane Stewart, daughter of Alexander Stewart, 
surnarned Graceless, in the year 1775. 

2 Besides the Stewarts, the following are the names of other Presbyterian landholders in the P. Lite e.ho 
were to be expelled from their homes: — Lieutenant-Colonel Robert Kennedy, Fergus Macd ugai! J hn 
Macdoupal, John Boyie, John Getty. James Maxwell, Captain Mnrmaduke Sh ..-.. lohn Henry, G met Robert 
Knox, William Hutchin, Robert Henry, Alex. Scott, Lieutenant Jan.-, Moncrief, R bert H .rr tc, A: drew 
Rowan, Thos. Boyd, Samuel Dunbarr, Alexander Delap, Adam Ii.!.p. Anth uy K< :.:.- iy, Maj r H .-•': 
Montgomery, Cornet John Gordon, Captain loin Huston, Lieutenant-C i :.■ el C nningham, j hn Beil. 
Adam Boyd, John Reid, Lieutenant Archibald Campbell, John Peoples, — .Cathcart, Captain Archibald 
Boyd, and Captain John Robinson. — See Dr. Reid's History, vol. ii., p. 475. 

There are numerous respectable families of tenant-farmers 1 i ' mt the Route at the present time : f the 
Gettys, Scotts, Bells. Knoxes, ISoyds, Delaps, Campbells, Cunninghams, Cathcarts, Hustons, and Robins : s, 
the descendants, no doubt, i ; th ise w h - e i -a s appear on the list of 1653. 

The Major Hugh Montgomery named in the above list, held freehold property in Moyarget, parish of 
Ramoan. lie was a member of the great Ayrshire family, of whom the Marls i f F-glint n are *. t rr. dern 
representatives. This Hugh Montgomery is not mentioned in the well-known and very can <us record entitled 
The Montgomery Manuscripts, but the author of that Record states that many branches of the : I :.'.- : ery 
family settled in I lstcr were unknown to him, and. consequently, unnoticed in his collections. Maj : Hugh 
Montgomery, of Moyarget, left a son, also named Hugh, wh < died in 171 >, and w is buried in R n n ( a ire! - 
yard. The latter left two s ns, Hugh and Alexander. Hugh, who was heir to the f. mily pr perty, : ■;• - 
greater portion of it to John \\ ilson of Carrickfergus. He left also two sons, Hugh and Alexander. Hi;, - sold 
the remainder of the freehold in Moyarget. cngag d d- • pi> in business, and was unsuccessful. For s 
boforc his death, which occurred in lSOo, he lived in the family of ins relative, the late \\ illiam Hill, :' '■'. y- 
arget. His brother, Alexander Moiltgi tilery, was an officer in the 1 1 1th regiment of foot, of which Hugh P< rcy, 



38 T h e S t e •:;• a r t s of Ball i n t o y 



Archibald came into possession of the .Acton Estate, Count}' Armagh, 
in right of his wife.' This property consisted of about 5,000 acres, 
and added very materially to the influence and position of its new owner. 
His two sons, Archibald and Alexander, were considered as among 
the leading gentry of the count}', and, indeed, of lister, at the com- 
mencement of the eighteenth century Archibald was a clergyman, 
and in early lite served as chaplain to one ot Queen Anne s regiments 
in Spain. On his father's death he succeeded to the family estates, 
and became at once landlord and Rector of Ballintoy. Me married a 
daughter of Robert Yesey, Bishop of Tuam,- and this lady had only 
one child, a son and heir, who unfortunately perished by an accident 
in his youth. 

A MS. written between the years 1780 and 1790, by the Rev. Dr. 
Stone, rector ot Culdaff, County Donegal, and afterwards possessed 
by the family ot the late Guy Stone, Barnhill, Comber, County ot 
Down, contains the following notice ot Dr. Stewart, and ot the melan- 
choly accident by which he lost his only child: 

"There were some remarkable occurrences in the lite ot the late Dr. Stewart, ot Ball'm- 
toy, which may be related here. He was chaplain to a regiment which was sent with the 
army under the command ot the Earl ot Peterborough to Spain, in the reign of Queen 
Anne; when he returned to Ireland he resided in Ballintoy, where he was possessed of an 
estate, and was presented to the Rectory ot that Parish, and afterwards promoted to the 
Chancellorship in the diocese ot Connor, on the death ot the Rev. Jasper Brett. He 

Lord Warkwork, was Colonel. Montgomery's commission is dated October, 1761, and bears the autographs of 
George 111., and also of his distinguished minister, George Grenville. 

The first Alexander Montgomery, above mentioned, lived and died in Moyarget, leaving one daughter, 
Rose, who married William Fullcrton. Their daughter, Mary Fullerton, married Adam Hill, or Moyarget, 
and their son, William Hill, of the same place, died in IS54, at the age of eighty years. The writer of this 
account was a son of William Hill. 

The Win. Hutchin of the above list was ancestor of the Hutchinsons of Stranocum and Ballymoney. 
His lineal descendant and eldest heir male was Hutchinson of Bail;- money. In Derrykeighan church-) ir ! there 
is an old tablet intended to mark the crave of his wife, the i: scription describing her as "A : FA I 1'IIKIL : 
SISTER : IX : Till: : LORD : SOMTYM : WYFF. : TO : WILLIAM : HUTCH IN : OF : STRAN >Ct M." 
This simple announcement is inscribed in Roman Capitals, without date or other information respcctii the 
departed, but the pood lady whom it commemorates was Mary Anne Boyd, grand-mother to Arch; 1 ./ ild Hutch- 
inson, of the Inner Temple, w ho, as an eminent lawyer, accumulated an enormous fortune, w hich he bequeathed 
to be divided, at a long interval subsequent to his death, imong all his known relatives to the fifth degree. 
Two distributions under this will have long since tnken place, bat a considerable sum still remains to 1 e divided. 

The testator's arrangement in this case was f and t i be ; mpract:cabie. as involving immense troul le and 
very great expense. There soon appeared such a vast multit ide of claim nts that the distribution or diffusion 
of the money amongst them would have given to each but a very insignificant amount. A legal enactment was, 
therefore, obtained by the trustees, restricting its distribut: >n to the hrst and second generations of t lie testator's 
connections, and thus virtually dividing it amongst the Hutchins >ns and Stewarts themselves. 

On the list of 1653, there are the names of two Kcnr.ea/-, R bert and Anthony, which shows that altl . h 
this family had alienated extensive landed pr perty t ■> the first Larl of Antrim in 1635, it continued to ccc-:.pY 
a respectable position in 1653. Of the Kennedys in the Route, no doubt. w,,s the Rev. Anthony Kennedy, 
Presbyterian Minister of Templepatrick, from 1' 16 until 16V7. A tombstone in the old burying-ground 
of that village testifies to his faithful pastoral character and labours during the long period of 51 ye irs. ;i~ 
was probably son of Anthony Kennedy, of Ba'isaraeh, who d:ea in 1620, and was interred, as already stated, 
in the old church-yard of Billy, near Bushmills. There was in 1865, an Anthony Kennedy, a blacksmith, 
living at Balleny, not far distance from Turnarobert, the original place of settlement of this family in Antrim. 

The Henrys of the above list had dropped the Mac from their surname, which probably they had come to 
regard as a vulgar prefix, but which indicated their descent from a Sir Henry O'Neill. They occupied landed 
property in fee at Bravallin, near Ballymoney. Members of this family suffered heavy losses in 17VS, having 
taken part in the insurrection of that year. 

1 "At Curriator, Lieut. Sir T. Poyntz possessed a tract of land, with a bawn of eighty feet square and a 
house. On tins he erected another bawn. one hundred feet square, and a brick and lime house. This appears 
to have been the first settlement at Poyntzpass." — Stewart's History oj Armagh., p. 640. 

2 This lady was grand-daughter of Thomas Vesey, sometime Presbyterian minister of Coleraine. He 
was the nrst person in that town to accept the "Covenant," acknowledging the "sinfulness" of the "Fb.ck 
Oath" which he had previously taken, and denouncing the "cur ! c lurse of conformity." Not !■ ng iftcr- 
wards, however, he quarrelled with his Presbyterian brethren by endeavouring to establish a Presbytery of 
Route in opposition to that Carrickfergus, which then (1650) managed all important matters connected with 
Presbyttrianism in Ireland. His son, John Vesey, became chaplain to the Irish House of Lords, and died 
Archbishop of Tuam. — See M'Skimmin'a History oj Carrickfergus, pp. 54-55 of 3rd edition, 1832. 



T h c S t e V) a r t s of B a 1 1 i n t o y 39 



married a Miss Vesey, of the family of Bishop Vescv; they were married near twenty 
years before his wife conceived of child, and was delivered of a son. Being solicitous to 
strengthen the constitution of this only child of their old age, they had it bathed in a 
large vessel ot cold water for several mornings. Mrs. Stewart, the widow of Ezekial 
Stewart, ot Fortstewart, being at Ballintoy, undertook the office of' bathing the child; 
and having dipped the child two or three times in the water without sufficient inrermi ion 
for the child to recover its breath, he was wrapped in a blanket to be conveyed to the 
nursery; when the blanket was opened he was found dead to the astonishment and grief 
ot the family." — Ulster Journal of Archoeology (Old Scries), vol. vi., p. 107. 

This sad affair occurred in the Castle of Ballintoy, which stood near 
the church, and the lady visitor who unfortunately volunteered her 
services on the occasion was the "daughter of the Rev. Dr. Charles 
Ward, of Mountpanther, in the County Down, ami great-grandmother 
of Sir James Stewart, lxirt., of Fortstewart, in the County Donegal." 
The death of this child occurred about the year 1735. The same MS. 
contains also the following passage: 

"Another remarkable incident relating to this Dr. Stewart in his old age: — He was 
travelling to Dublin and taken ill with the small-pox by lying in a bed on the road where- 
some person had lately lain sick of the same disorder. However, he recovered of this 
contagious disease at a very advanced period of old age. Dr. Stewart's estate of Ballintoy 
descended to his younger brother's son, a minor, who was afterwards distinguished by a 
name in a ludricrous tarce wrote by his mother, that of Roderick Random. His son now 
possesses the Estate." 

On the death of the Rev. Dr. Stewart, who was thus deprived of 
his son, the estates were inherited by his younger brother, Alexander 
Stewart. In 1720 the latter was appointed agent to the Antrim Estates, 
by Lord and Lady Massereene, the guardians of the fifth Earl of Antrim 
during his minority. In this capacity Alexander Stewart's manage- 
ment of the property gave such satisfaction to his employers that his 
appointment as agent was continued by Lord Antrim, when the latter 
succeeded to the estates in the year 1734. During several vears after- 
wards the most cordial relations existed between the landlord and his 
agent, until Lord Antrim began to feel that his vast estates were being 
subjected to an alarming process of disintegration by Jus own ruinous 
extravagance. 

His Lordship's habits were such as to require large and frequent 
additions to his annual income, and these sums could only be had In- 
selling off extensive portions of his property. These sales, of course, 
were convenient arrangements to meet certain difficulties as they 
arose, but in this way the rental soon became sadly curtailed, and Lord 
Antrim began to think, when too late, that his agent might have con- 
trived to keep him afloat at a smaller sacrifice than had been made. 
At length the Karl's suspicions shaped themselves into a distinct 
charge against Stewart, of conniving at cheap sales of the property to 
serve his own selfish purposes. This quarrel resulted! in a rather 



40 T h e S t e w a r t s o f B a 1 1 i n t o y 



celebrated action at law, which agitated the county of Antrim in various 
ways, and to no trifling extent, during the years 1740 and 1741. It is 
interesting now, as an illustration of the process by which these vast 
estates were broken up, and also because the papers prepared tor the 
trial contain several topographical names and statistical facts in con- 
nexion with the Antrim property at the time referred to. For these 
reasons we may be permitted to enter into the few following details, 
which have been drawn from original manuscripts never before printed: 

I. Captain Rogers held the lands of Ballywindlans, Ballywattick, 
and Coldagh, in the parish of Ballymoney, at the yearly rent and fees 
of £92 5s. On the expiration of the lease, Alex. Stewart, the agent, it 
was alleged, represented to Lord Antrim, that Hugh Boyd, of Bally- 
castle, who held other lands adjoining, on lease also, had purchased 
the interest of Rogers, and was willing to give a fine of £5():), provided 
he could get a fee-simple grant of the whole lot from Lord Antrim. 
On the agent's representation that this sum was sufficiently large, and 
because Lord Antrim was ignorant of the value of land, a deed was 
perfected in 1736, whereby the whole lands held by Rogers and Bowl 
were conveyed to Boyd tor ever. So soon, however, as this arrange- 
ment was made, it was alleged that Boyd, according to previous agree- 
ment, handed over the one-half to Stewart, the latter paying the half 
of the fine and the halt of the yearly rent. 

II. The lands of Cosies, Cabragh, Cavanmore, Kilmahamoge, 
Clogher, Lagavar, Maghernaher, Maghrecastle, 1 Clegnagh, and 
Knocknagarvon, together with the towns of Broughgamon, Big Park 
of Ballintoy (Altmore, reserved in the original grant of 1624), Lem- 
neagbeg, Lemneaghmore, and Creganewey, in the Baronies of Dunluce 
and Care>', were held by Alexander Stewart, and the Rev. Dr. Stewart, 
his brother, except the five last, held by Alex. Andrews, at the yearly 
rent of £91. On the expiration of the lease, the agent offered Lord 
Antrim £500 of a fine on behalf of his sister, Jane Stewart, for a fee- 
simple deed of all these lands at the former rent. On his recommenda- 
tion, the deed was perfected in February, 1736. Lord Antrim alleged 
that Alexander and Jane Stewart had arranged previously that she was 
to bequeath this property at her death to him or his heirs, and that the 
lands she thus obtained tor £91 yearly rent were fully worth £500 by 
the year. 

1 Magheracashel, "the fit-Id orplain of the cashel. orstonc fort," already mentioned as the original residi nee 
of the Red Chiejtains, or Rcids, who owned this territory prior to the arrival of the Stewarts; and, in Iced 
Ion): prior to that of the Macdonnells, or Macquillins. The R.-ids, or red-!-, lired chieftains, wcr the descend- 
ants of a great Danish family who continued to reside in this locality loi ,• after the numerous other Danish 
settlements on this coast had been broken up and dispersed. The site of their stone fort or fortress here was 
enclosed by two parapets, also of ■,:.<:':, and underneath were very extensive and well constructed caves. It is 
believed that in more modern times a castle was erected on the site of the original fortress, and . ; .: Juring 
many pent-rations by the Rvuis or O'Maeldergs. Several modern house] I utensils, such as tai ».rd$ and 
plated fire-irons, were found therein at the time of the final dem liti. :: of the castle, ..r.d man) !. mses in the 
surrounding district uere almost exclusively built from the stones of the o!J ruin. 



T h e S t e w arts o f Ii a 1 1 i n t o y 41 



III. When, the lease of Glenariffe, Ballynaries, Ballyloughbeg, 
Castlecat, Magherintemple, and Garyvindune expired, the agent 
proposed to take these lands for £98 yearly rent, and informed Lord 
Antrim that no more could he obtained for them. The latter, on this 
representation, gave the agent a deed of them, forever, at the above 
rent, although they were worth G230 yearly, exclusive of a wood, the 
timber in which was worth £600. 

IV. Lord Antrim further alleged that the lands of Bun-na-margie, 
Brughanlea, the five Irish aeres of Ffaranmacartor Mountain, the five 
Irish acres Achraveelie, the Freestone Quarry, the fort}- Irish acres of 
Drurnnagola, Dunnamalaght, and the two Quarters of Carnside arid 
Ballylinney, were handed over to Hugh Boyd, in perpetuity, for the 
yearly rent of £147, whereas the fair and proper rent for this property 
was at least £800 per annum. 

To these grave charges Stewart replied that his conduct in the agency 
had always secured the approval of Lord and Lady Massereene, by 
whom he had been originally appointed during Lord Antrim's minority, 
and that the latter, on coming of age, had continued the appointment, 
from a knowledge of his character, and a conviction that he had con- 
scientiously discharged the duties of his entice. So soon as Lord An- 
trim entered on the possession of his estates, his Lordship ordered a 
survey to be made of his entire property, to enable him to issue the 
necessary directions for its management and improvement. '1 he 
most experienced persons were employed to make this survey, ami they 
were required to distinguish carefully the arable land from the pasture, 
bog, and mountain, in every instance, showing the valuation of each, 
the quantity of land in every lease on the estate, with the rent and 
tenant's name attached, and the present value of each farm, supposing 
the tenant's interest therein expired. Lord Antrim was thus quite 
competent of himself to form a correct opinion on any case of proposal 
for the sale or letting of his lands. Stewart had copies of this survey 
made and sent to the landlord, together with books containing tenants' 
names, the number of acres in each holding, with the amount of rent, 
in every case. Lord Antrim was regularly in the habit of consulting 
these documents before committing himself to any arrangements with 
tenants or others. In addition to these precautions, Lord Antrim's 
stepfather, Robert Hawkins Magill, employed valuators on the estate, 
whose returns and valuations were carefully compared with the sur- 
veyor's reports, with rent rolls, and with former valuations. The work 
of comparing lasted several days, and was performed at Stewart's 
office, Ballylough, by Lord Antrim, Magill, and Stewart. In his 
defence, Stewart also entered minutely into each of the several cases 
specified by Lord Antrim, indignantly denying the existence of collusion 



42 T h e S t e zv a r t s o f H a I It n t o y 



with any partv or parties to benefit themselves at his Lordship's ex- 
pense. On the contrary, during Lord Antrim's minority, he (Stewart) 
had increased the rent-roll by £800 a year, in consequence of the 
discovery of forged leases in Glenariffe. 1 As to the lands ot Glenariffe, 
Ballynaries, Ballyloughbeg, Castlecat, Magherintemple, and Garry- 
vindune, in the Baronies of Dunluce, Carey, and Glenarm, he havl held 
them as tenant-at-will since 1737; and being encouraged by Saml. 
Waring, Lord Antrim's attorney, to make an offer for them, he pro- 
posed £400 besides the rent, which was accepted. The wood in Glen- 
arm consisted of ash, alder, hazel, and sally, but he denied that it was 
worth more than £60. In concluding his statement, Stewart asserted 
that in December, 1740, or January, 1741, Lord Antrim had ordered 
his servants to seize and carry off an iron chest from Ballylough Mouse, 
which contained almost all the papers relating to the management of 
the estate. These documents were taken to Lord Antrim's house at 
Ballymagarry, without Stewart's knowledge, his Lordship having 
induced \Ym. Harrison (who had been a clerk in Stewart's office for 
thirteen years), suddenly to leave his services, and give up the keys 
with which he had been entrusted. Lord Antrim had also prevailed 
on John Cuppage, who received rents for Stewart, as his assistant, 
when unwell, to surrender the keys of the iron chest, so that Stewart 
had been thus deprived of access to papers which would have enabled 
him to specify names, dates, and accounts with greater precision. 

His statements, however, were amply borne out by the testimony of 
Hugh Boyd, of Ballycastle, at least so far as related to Boyd himself. 
The latter declared that he and Stewart were not, by any means, dis- 
posed to accommodate each other, but were urged to become joint 

1 It would appear that, at the period referred to, there had existed not only numerous forged leases, but 
also considerable portions of concealed land on the estate. We have before us a statement drawn up I y s n 
person who does not sign his name, but who evidently acted in the capacity of a 1 — ff, . it the year 1 740 
which reveals a few facts illustrative of the loose style of doing business in those days. As this : a per preserves 
many names of persons and places in the district to which it refers, vvc subjoin it entire: 

"To ihe Rieht huno le Lord of Antrim. 

"I make bald with your lordship yt I have found out the pcice of a ■■:nl .vch v.as c mceaied from your 
lordship in the Barrony of Kerry [Carey] and parish of Ardmy [Armoy]. Those yt lives up m the sd ground are 
James Gordon, Thomas Ramsy, John Ramsy, They pay the rent to one James Clark wch lives in trie sd parish 
or Ardmy." 

N'ext follows what the writer terms "An Account of the Profit Rents that those yt has leases from your 
lordship in the Barrony of Glenarm, as near as I could find it out by their own warrents. Mr. \\ m. M"Xe-.v 
of Kdllowter worth two hundred and sixty pound per annum never mention Duties, Mr. Wi am Blear ot 
Killglew worth forty pound per annum never mention duties. Mr. henry Shau is worth a hundred .- i i irty 
pound per annum, never mention duties. John Stewart worth nine pound per year. Art'- .: Strit - : s Widow- 
worth nine pound per annum^Mr. Dillerton hamilton has fifty pound per year never mention Duties. James 
metiall [probably Marshall] worth four pound per ami: William Reas n worth ten pound per ann., William 
Michaell worth thirty pound per ann., Sanders Katon wortii fifty pound per year, John M icill ter ; .: a per 
year, Patrick Magil! worth ten pound per ann., Robert Matthews worth. 60 per an., Mr. Rowlen B :.-: ■.'. >rth 
100 pound per an., Thomas Bark worth IS per an., James Stewart worth 30 per an . Mrs. ' rper " " + I : er 
an., Sanders Donills m's lease worth 100 per an.. Mr. M'hclm worth 40 pei an., madam Donilison •■•■ irth 100 a 
year. Mr. John Donilison worth 250 per year, Mr. Coll M'Donill worth 30 pound per year, Mr. Alex. Ste .art 
worth 44 pound per year, Mr. Alex. M'Donell worth forty pound pel year, Mr. N'eice M'D ;-... v rtb : r'v 
pound per year, Danl. M'Kay worth ten p und per year, frank M'Kally worth thirty pound per ye ir. I hn 
M'Kay wortii ten p und per year, Denis M 'Ma worth seven pound per year, one Mr. thomps >n a prcsbutcrian 
minister in the mulls I cannot lind out how much he pays. 

"In lairn [Lame] I could not find out the profit leases but men yt lives there tells me yt your lordship 
has not the tenth penny out of it. 

"The eld twon of learn [town of Larnel] is morgaged for four hundred pound with several tenemi r.ts and 
parks belonging to it, with a corn mill and clothiers mill, it pays now a hundred a year as I am In; . ed 
several other leases set to fanners wch labours the ground themselves in the same Barrony of Glenarm." 



T h e S t e w arts of Ball i n t o y 43 



purchasers of the lands in the neighbourhood of Ballymoney by Lord 
Antrim himself! ' As to the lands near Fairhead, he was induced to 
take them, not from any profits arising from them on the terms granted 
by Lord Antrim, but because the works at the colliery and at the 
harbour of Ballycastle could not be conveniently carried on without 
them. Boyd denied that these lands were worth £800 a year rent, 
as stated by Lord Antrim, and declared that they were lei lor the sum 
of £210 yearly, subject to the chief rent of £147. The lands were held 
by fifty-two tenants, all poor, with cottiers holding under them. Boyd 
denied all combination with Stewart, and dwelt very pointedly on the 
fact that Lord Antrim ami his step-father, Magill, had their own 
valuations and surveys to guide them in all their proceedings as to 
the sale and letting of property on the Instate. 

Stewart's sister, Jane, denied also that she hail any underhand 
agreement with her brother respecting a renewal of old leases, or that 
she had ever, at his suggestion, proposed to pay a fine for the purpose of 
obtaining such renewal at the old rent. Her account of the transaction 
was simply this: — Her eldest brother, Dr. Archibald Stewart, had made 
arrangements with Lord Antrim, or with his attorney, Samuel Waring, 
to have a fee-farm grant of these lands, for which he gave certain other 
valuable considerations over and above those expressed in the deed. 
Some of the lands had been previous'y leased to Dr. Stewart, but the 
old lease would not have expired until the year 1751. The following 
were thus circumstanced, viz.: The quarterlands of Cosies and Cavan- 
more, the half quarterland of Cabragh, in the Barony of Dunluce, also 
the quarterlands of Cloughcor, Kilmahamog, Lagavar, and Maghern- 
agher, together with the 25 acres of Magherabuoy, in the Barony of 
Carey. The leases of Clegneagh and Knock-na-Garvon, held by 
Alexander Andrews, would not have expired until the same year, 1751, 
whilst the leases of Maghrecastle, Broughgemmon, and Altmore, or 
Big Park, held by the same gentleman, were not to end until 1747. 
The lease of the quarterland of Craiganewey, held by a Shaw, would 
not have expired until the same date, 1747. All the above lands, 
however, were included in a fee-farm grant which was to be given to 
Dr. Archibald Stewart, in lieu of certain considerations not specified, 
but which were regarded as perfectly satisfactory by Lord Antrim, 
and by his law agent, Waring. Archibald Stewart, however, was 
bound by his father's will to pay £1,000 to his sister Jane on her mar- 
riage, and an annuity of £50 as the interest, lor her support, so long as 
he held the principal. His own estate being in debt, and encumbered 
with family settlements, he was anxious to secure his sister Jane's 

JHupli Boyd, who died in 1765, bequeathed a ycarlv fee farm rent of C41. payable oul of the !ai !a of 
Coldafihs, Ballywindlans, and I5all> wauick, in the parish .•! Ballymoney, to his grand-daughter, Mary Cuppajte, 
wife of the Rev. Alex. Cuppage, during her life, and from her d. .ah, to her so,,, Hugh Cuppage, an'! I 



44 The Stewarts of Ballintoy 



money by some such additional purchases as he had now made from 
Lord .Antrim, which would not he liable fur his debts. He, therefore, 
offered to assign to her the deed of the lands above-mentioned, sup- 
posed to be worth something above £60 yearly, as an equivalent for 
her £1,000. Instead of the assignment contemplated, her advisers 
considered that she would be safer to have the lands granted to herself. 
Her brother, Dr. Archd. Stewart, applied, therefore, to Lord Antrim 
for his consent to this arrangement, and his Lordship's consent was 
readily obtained. Jane Stewart farther declared that she had never 
given any title of these lands to her brother Alexander or his children 
atter her death. She was absolute owner of them. The fee simple was 
purchased from Lord Antrim at its full marketable value, as the lands 
after considerable improvements, were let by her for about CSO a year. 
Alex. Stewart died in the following year, 1742, after defending him- 
self successfully at law against all the accusations of Lord Antrim. 
At the death of his sister, Jane Stewart, her landed property was 
inherited by his son, Alexander, and the Ballintoy Estate, when thus 
augmented, contained 3,505 acres, Cunningham measure, including 
the townlands of Ballintoy, Broughgammon, Clegnagh, Craiganee, 
Glens^aghy, Kilmahamog, Knocknagarvon, Lagavar, Limeneagh, 
Magheranaher, Magherabuoy, Magheracashel, ami ^Yhite Park. 

Jane Stewart bequeathed the sum of £15 annually, to pay a scool- 
master on her little estate, leaving the choice of this functionary to the 
parishioners assembled at the Easter Vestry, "from which circum- 
stance," says the late Rev. Robert Trail, Rector of Ballintoy, "it has 
become the most useless of all the Schools. The only qualification 
necessary on these occasions for the candidate to possess is the capability 
of drinking whiskey, and sharing it with the electors; and whoever 
entertains best, and drinks deepest, is sure of gaining his election. 
I have made many attempts to redress this serious grievance, but 
having been uniformly unsuccessful, I have now (1814) ceased to make 
any farther efforts." 

During the period of Alexander Stewart's agency the lands on the 
Antrim Estate were let on very moderate terms, even making allowance 
for the difference in the value of money then and now. The entire 
yearly rent of the whole Barony of Dunluce, Upper and Lower, 
amounted only to the sum of £1,686 5s. 8d. The entire yearly rent 
derived from the Barony of Kilconway was £1,174 7s. 4d. The 
entire yearly rent of the Barony of Carey was £924 19s. 6d. The entire 
yearly rent of the Island of Rathlin was £109 7s. Od. The 
entire yearly rent from the Liberties of Coleraine was £408 9s. 8d. 
The entire yearly rent drawn from the town and town parks of Bally- 
money was £399 9s. 8d. The entire yearly rent of the town and demesne 



T h e S t e :c a r t s of B a 1 1 i n t o y 45 

of Ballycastle was £23 19s. 7d. Our readers, in these various localities, 

will be able to form an idea of the comparative value of houses and 
lands from the above figures, at the present time. 

The custom of exacting "duties" in addition to the rent was general 
over the estate, and regularly enforced. The following is a list of the 
duties which were collected, or taken in kind, about the year 1720: 

Barony of Dunluce 

Names of Tenants. Amount of Duties. 

Peter Buirell, of Stanalim Ten bushells of Oates, 6 Days' Work and 

6 Hens. No money in lieu of Duties 
Hugh Edgar, of Ballytibbcrt A barrel of Wheat 

John MacLeagh, ofCloughcorr ]2 bushells of Oats and 6 Trusses of Straw 

James Moore, of Ballynacreemore 2 Barrells of Wheat and a Howie of Oates 

Archd. MacColman, Park 6 Bushells of Oates 

Francis MacNaghten, Salmon Fishing or y e best salmon yt is taken in any of the 

Portneen said Ports every day that ffish is taken 

for kettlefish, and a barrel ot good, 
sufficient, merchantable salmon fish, 
London gage, yearly 
Mrs. Ann O'Cahon, Ballyemon 12 Bushells of Oates, and one four year 

old unshorn mutton 
Capt. James Stewart, Corkey Ten Horses and Carrs (rather their work 

for a specified number ot days) 
Daniel Shawbridge, Salmon Fishing of ye All Salmon Fish taken there till Easter, 

Fiver Bush and 2 Salmon every day that ffish is 

taken from Easter to the end ot the 
Season 
John Stewart, Leotrim One Bowie ot Oates 

William Stewart, Kervecruine One Bowie of Oates 

John Wilson and Partners Two Days' Work, Man and Horse 

Liberties of Coi.eraixe. 

Hugh Allison, Island Fflacky A Bowie of Oates 

Edmond cc Widow Nelson, Maghereboy 12 Bushells of Oates, and 4 Days' Work of 

Man and Horse 
William Glen, of Maghremenagh One Bowie of Oates and 4 days' Work of 

Man and } forse 
William Houston, Maddebainey One Bowie of Oates 

David Kerr, B. Gclagh 2 Bowks of Oats 

Robert Kerr, Cappagh 6 rf'at Muttons 

Mrs. Mary M'Cartan, B.nagg 24 Bushells of Oates 

James MacCollum, Carnanrigg One Bowie ot Oates 

Hugh MacMullan, Ballylagan, now 

possed. by Charles M'CIaine One Bowie of Oates 

Hugh Moore, Ballyvelton 12 Bushells of Oates 

James and Rob. Nelson, Craigstown Bowie and halte ot Oates, and 4 days' 

work, Horse and Man 



46 T h e S t e zv arts of B a 1 1 i n t o y 

Hugh &: Thos. Reed, and Andrew Hunter, Bowk- and halfe of Oates, 12 Pullets, ana 

Corstowne, Kill, or rather Keel 6 days' work of 1 lor ;e and Man 

Lieut. John Stewart, B. leas.- 36 Bushells of Oat. s, 2 dozen of Pullets, 

and 12 days' work of Man and ! lorse 

William and Adam Smith, Galvally com- 
monly called Xare Halfe a Bowie of Oates 

Rachel Todd, Maddebainey One Bowie of Oates, and 4 days' Work 

Man and I lorse. 

Sir Herculs Langford's Tents, pay yearly 
26 days' I.abr. of Man and Horse out ot 
the following lands: 

The 2 Kilgreens 4 Horses and Men 

The 2 Cloyfins 4 Horses and. Men 

The 2 Ballyversalls 4 Horses and Men 

The 2 Ballyndreens 4 Horses and Men 

The 1 Drumduoin 2 Horses and Men 

The 1 Liswatick 2 Horses and Men 

The 1 Ballylagan 2 Horses and Men 

The 1 Ballynagg 2 Horses and Men 

The above work was reed, in 7 br 1721, Leading Hay to Ballymagarry. 



Town and Demesnes of Ballymoney. 

William Glass, Lislagan One Bowie of Oates yearly 

James Black Henry, Lislagan One Bowie of Oates 

Neil MacCooke and Danl. Craig, Bally- 
brack 6 Bushells ot" Oa ccs 

Gill, MacFfall and Danl. Nickle, Lislagan 12 Bushells of Oates 

James Randall, James Calvell, and Adam 

Neill. Droghdult 12 Bushells of Oates 



Barony or Carey 

Hugh Boyd, Drimvillen One Bowie of Oates at December, yearly 
Hugh Boyd, Drumnacross, and ye parcel 

ot Land called Altanum (now Altneanum) One Bowie of Oates 

Jonn Campbell, Lismureity A Bowie of Oates 

Peter Jollie, Drumnakill ] 2 Bushnells of Oates 

Alex. MacAuley, Drumnagee 12 Bushells of Oates 

Charles MacAlister, Carndutie 12 Bushells of Oates, and 2 good ffat 

muttons 

John MacDonnell, Coolnagappage Haifa Bowie of Oates 

Cormac MacCormack, Creevagh 3 ffat Pulietts 

Manus O'Cahan, Ballynalea 1 1 Bushells of Oates and a Mutton 

Widow O'Cahan, Island MacAUan 3 ffat Pulietts 

Edward O'Cahan, Atdehanan A Bowie of Oates 

Daniel Stewart, Ballynalea 12 Bushells of Oates 

Andrew Stewart, Drumnagola A Bowie of Oates 



T h e S t e w a r t s o f B a 1 1 i n t o y 47 



Island or Rai hlix. 

Townland of Kenramer 24 Pulletts and 10 Sheep 

Ballygial 24 Pulletts and 10 Sheep 

Killpatrick 1 2 Pullets and 5 Sheep 

Ballynavargan 24 Pulletts and 3 Sheep 

Ballycarey 1- Pulletts and 5 Sheep 

Ballynoe 24 Pulletts and 10 Sheep 

Kankiel 24 Pulletts and 8 Weathers 

More tu he paid by the Inhabitants of the 

Island yearly 19 Sheep 

Baroxy or Kii.coxu ay. 

Rev. Walter Linn, Munineagh A Mutton when demandd 

James Henry and Win. Glass Two Bowls ot Gates 

Patt. and Owen Magee, Ballynagabboge 12 Horses and Carrs 

James Macl lenry, Ballymacalrdick A bowle and 2 ot Gates 
Alex. MacCollum and James M'Loughlin, 

Lignamanoge A Bowie of Oates 

Thomas MacXaghten, Gallanagh One ffat beefe yearly, and 3 rf.it mutt >i s 

John MacDonnell, Ballylig A hole and \ at 10 bushells to the bole, 

and 12 good Pulletts 
Avrey O'Cahan, Broughmore One bole ot Oates 
Roger O'Hahan, Kilmandum 6 Bushells ot Oates 
Patt. Orr, Tullynewy A bole ot Oates 
Andrew Rowan, Clke., Tenement in Old- 
stone or Clough 15 days' work ot Man and Horse 

Alex. Stewart, who died in 1742, had married his kinswoman Anne, 
daughter of John Stewart, of Fortstewart, Jamaica, with whom he 
received a large dowry. By this lady, who was highly accomplished 
and remarkably endowed by nature, he left one son and two daughters. 
His son, Alexander T. Stewart, was surnamed Graceless in his own 
neighbourhood, from his extravagant manner ot living. His mother 
wrote a clever jeu if esprit, in which she introduced her son as Roderick 
Random, an epithet sufficiently significant as to his character and 
habits. He was not wanting, however, in public spirit, and it would 
appear that he exerted himself on several occasions tor the improve- 
ment, of his native district. In 1757, he petitionee! the Irish Huuse ot 
Commons for aid in assisting to open coal mines at Ballintoy, stating 
that he had "discovered a large body of coals in his lands there, great 
quantities of which had been exported to Dublin and other parts ot the 
Kingdom" — that he had "expended £500 in an ateempt to construct 
a quay at Ballintoy, but was not able to proceed with the work unless 
aided by Parliament; that such structure, when completed, would be 
ot great advantage to the kingdom in. general, and to the North ot 
Ireland in particular, the same being the only harbour ot safety between 



48 T h e S t c w a r t s of H a 1 1 i a t o y 



Larne and the Lough of Derry." To accomplish this work, he asked 
for the sum of £2,000 from the public purse. His petition was referred 
to a committee of sixty members, which committee, after examining 
three witnesses (viz., Daniel MacCollum, John MacCay, and Thomas 
Moon), reported that there was a "large kind of coal in the collier)' of 
Ballintoy, that a sate and commodious harbour might be made there, 
and that the sum of £2,000 should be granted for that purpose." 
This sum was voted tor the purpose above-mentioned. In 1759, Mr. 
Stewart petitioned again, stating that he had expended £ 1,734 on the 
works, and asking for £1,234 to complete the quay. The committee 
reported favourably on this application also, and with this grant 
ended the project of a quay and colliery at Ballintoy. 

Stewart was soon afterwards obliged to sell his entire property in 

Ballintoy, for which he received £20,000 from Cupples of Belfast. 

The latter resold it, for the same sum, to Dr. Fullerton, a native ot the 
Route, who had realized an ample competency in the West Indies:. 1 
On the sale of Ballintoy, Stewart went to reside on his estate of Acton, 
where he died. By his wife, who was a sister of Sir Hugh Hill, or 
Derry, he left one son, Alexander, who might also have been appro- 
priately named Graceless, as he lived riotously, mortgaged the family 
property, and died in poverty, at Drumbanagher, about the year 1790. 
He was unmarried, and with him ended the main line of a family, which, 
for upwards of two centuries, held a leading position in the county ot 
Antrim. 2 

But it ought to be mentioned that there are traces, in this parish ot 
Ballintoy, of another family which latterly spelled the name Stuart, 
and which was supposed to be descended from an earlier founder than 
John Stewart, the first hereditary sheriff of Bute. Of this family was 
Alexander Stewart, who owned considerable property in the townslands 
of Kilmahamoge and Ballinlea, and who died in 1723. He married a 
Scotish lady named Elizabeth Fraser, and, by her, left one son, Walter, 
and two daughters. Walter's first wife was a lad)' of the MacCarroll 
family, once so influential on this coast (see page 147, vol. vi), and his 
second wife was a daughter of the house ot MacNeill ot Clare, or Dunan- 
anney, near Ballycastle. By the latter he left one son, John, who 
married a lady named Simpson, ot Bowmore, in Isla. He died soon 
after his marriage, leaving one son, the late John Stuart or Kilma- 
hamoge, then only a child ot six years old. The latter was removed 
to Scotland by his grandmother Simpson, and brought up by the old 

ISce note, page 84, vol. \i. 

2This genteleman's reckless c.ireer may be Imagined from the fact that his intimate associates in Dubiin 
were the notorious \\ hairy and Maguire. the former of whom, for a bet, leaped from a vvii j i\ >n t i the t ip of 
a mail-coach passing at full speed. Maguire was so accomplished as a dip Hist, that it was said he could snuff 
i candle. without extinguishing it, with a pistol ball. Stewart's armorial beamings were the same :.s those of 
the Bute familj . The motto is Avito ure: kenort ("lie floui ishes v.ilh ancestral In incur"'). 



T h e S t e w a r t s of E allint o y 49 



lady in the hope that he would adopt the military profession, as he had 
uncles and grand-uncles in the army, and as she, being a Campbell 
nearly connected with the Duke of Argyle, could have easily procured 
for her grandson a good position. But his family sympathies and 
traditions were entirely opposed to the policy of his kinsmen, the 
Campbells, who had always strenuously devoted themselves to the 
interests of the House of Hanover; and he, therefore, preferred re- 
turning to his native place, and to a humbler, but more peaceful lot. 
This gentleman exhibited, in a remarkable degree, the fine personal 
lineaments of the early Steward race from which he was descended. 
His motto was — Non nos a rcgibus sed rexes a nobis ("Not we from 
kings, but kings from us",) — thus implying that his family was a branch 
of that ancient line which had given kings to the Scottish and English 
thrones. The founder of the Kilmahamoge family was supposed r o 
have been Walter Stewart, the son of Sir John Stewart, who was slain, 
fighting on the side of Wallace, at the battle of Falkirk, in 1 298. At all 
events, the late John Stuart, of Kilmahamoge, was always careful to 
mark the distinction between his own descent and that of the other 
Stewarts of Ballintoy, and had no ambition to be supposed as, in any 
degree, connected with the family of Bute. It is curious that the 
Christian names, Archibald and Christian ^ formerly so common in 
almost every branch of the Bute family, were never known among the 
Stuarts of Kilmahamoge. The use of Christian names, or their ab- 
sence, sometimes truly indicates the family descent. 

The Kilmahamoge Stuarts claimed kindred with Bernarda, the 
lady buried in the chancel, and the following inscription on a tablet in 
the southern wall of Ballintoy Church, also records the names ot some 
members of this family: 

"Here lyeth the body ot* Alexander 
Stewart, who departed this lite, October 
the 20th, 1723, aged 78 years. 
Also, the body of Elizabeth Stewart, 
alias Fraser, who departed this 
life May ye 12, 1734, aged 82 years. 
Also, their son Walter Stewart, 
who departed March ye 6th, 1762." 

The foregoing sketch is but very imperfect, embodying only a few 
scattered gleanings picked up from various sources, but principally 
from traditions and original manuscript papers. There are several 
connexions of the old Stewart families still residing in the Route and 
elsewhere, and, probably, much more ample materials might be found 
in their possession than what have now been submitted. There were 
members of these families, prominent and influential in their genera- 



50 T h e S t e a- a r t s of B alii n t o y 

tions, who have not been even named in this notice, simply because 
nothing of their personal history is known to the writer. Among such 
may be particularly mentioned the names ot Alexander Stewart, who 
was High Sheriff' for the County of Antrim in 1639; Charles Stuart, 
who was so actively engaged in 16>S8; ami another Charles Stuart, 
whose death is mentioned about the year 1720, in a manuscript written 
by John O'Neill, of Shane's Castle. 



APPENDIX. 

The following extract, from the MS. Volume lettered Antrim (F. 3. 9. 
1562.) in the Library of Trinity College, Dublin, refers to the massacres 
mentioned at page 78, vol. vi, as occurring in, ami near Ballymoney: 

"The Examination of James MacDonnell, of Ballymanagh, Cooper, 
taken 12th day of March, 1652. Who being duely sworne and exam- 
ined saith, That he dwelt at Portmaw and wrought there upon his sd 
trade at the beginning of the rebellion, That all the Irish on the West 
side of the Barm being in rebellion, and the English and Scotch who 
formerly dwelt there and could not escape being murdered, as he 
heard, Archibald Stewart raised a regiment and leagured at Portnaw, 
to keep the Bannside; That Allester MacColl MacDonnell and Tirlagh 
Oge O'Cahan had command of two companies of the sd regiment, and 
that they and their men being Highlanders and Irish, upon the second 
day of January, 1641, before day, did fall upon seaven or eight ot the 
British regiments, who also kept the Bannside and la}- in their quarters at 
Portnaw, some quarter, half-mile, or mile distance one from another, 
and murdered them all to a very few who were saved by their old Irish 
acquaintance. Tha this examinate was taken prisoner by the said 
Allester MacColl and Tirlagh Oge's followers the same morning and 
Stript, but his life was saved by one Neile Modder MacMullan, his 
neighbour; That after he was taken prisoner, the said Allester MacColl 
and Tirlagh Oge with all the whole Irish ol the country, who after the 
said murder did rise with them, with a great multitude of Ir.sh under 
the command of John Mortimer and other Irish officers who came over 
the Bann, marched into James MacCol MacDonnell's house at the 
Vow, neere the Bannside, where they drew uo their men, and he, this 
examinate, being carryed along as prisoner, and having some ac- 
quaintance with the said James MacColl MacDonnell, he desire.' him 
to save this examinate's wife's life, who answered he could not save 
his owne wife, if they would kill her; That thence the whole Irish, 
on both sides the Banne there present with their wives and children a 



The S t e w arts of Ball i n t o y 5 1 



feareing the remnant of Stewart's Regiment, as he conceived, kept 
together and marched into the Crosse and sett the towne on tire and 
killed all the British they could lay their hands on, save a very few who 
were spared by their acquaintance, but afterwards it they went but 
out of their acquaintance sight, they were killed by others of the Irish. 
That from the Crosse they marched unto Ballymoney, and came there 
in the evening of the day the murder was committed, and burnt the 
Towne, and murdered the British not fled thence, without distinction 
of age or sexe; That one Donnell Gorm MacDonnell, ot killoquin in 
Maheresharkin, being with the Irish army, there took notice of this 
examinate, and told the Irish that he would make use of the exanimate, 
and soe sent him the next day back againe with his tenants unto his 
owne house at Killoquin, That he saw ly dead in the way as they 
returned, at least one Hundred men, women, and children, of the 
British, which had been murdered the daye before, and yt he believes 
many were killed, on both sides, the way they returned. That tiie 
said Donnell Gorm MacDonnell did not returne unto his owne house 
until two or three days after yt; That all the O'Haggans went over the 
Banne from their own houses, in the absence of Stewart's Regiment, 
which went to Magherehoghill, (Ahoghill) or the Braid, except Brian 
O'Haggan then sicke; That he staid at the said Donnell Gorm Mac- 
Donnell's House about a fortnight, and in that time he saith he often- 
times heard the Irish call him Captain, and further he saith not. 

"Richd. Brasier, Major. 
"H. Coote." 



The following is a full copy of the "Baptismal Register" of the 
family of Alexander Boyd, of Clarepark, referred to at page 85 (note), 
vol. vi: 

1. "Mary was born 9th November, 1736; mother Wilson and sister 
Duncan, godmothers, and brother Boyd, godfather. 

2. Margaret was born 7th January, 1738; Mrs. MacAulay and 
sister Ann Boyd, godmothers, and archdeacon Boyd and brother 
Wilson, godfathers. 

3. James was born 28th March, 1739; sister Ann Boyd and Mrs. 
Wray, godmothers, brother Charles Boyd, and cousin Wm. Boyd, now- 
High Sheriff of ye county of Antrim, godfathers. 

4. Rose was born 5th March, 1740; Mrs. MacXeile, of Druma- 
willen, and sister Wilson, godmothers, Mr. William Hutchinson and 
Daniel Boyd, godfathers. 

5. Ann was born 13th March, 1741; sister Orr and Mrs. Harrison, 
of Churchfield, godmothers, John Cuppage, Esq., and brother Ezekiel 

FU3UG Li'J: •• i 
F -INT, MICHIGAN 



52 The Stewarts oj B all in t o y 



Wilson, godfathers. Brother Boyd stood for Mr. Cuppage, ye Rev. 
Mr. Dinison for brother Ezekiel, and Mrs. for sister Orr. 

6. Alexander was horn ye 14th June, 1742; Miss Ann Catherine 
Jackson and sister Nelly Wilson, godmothers, Counsellor Alexander 
MacAulay and Jackson Wray, godfathers. Wm. Boyd, of Druma- 
wiilen, Esq., stood for Mr. MacAulay. 

7. Eliza Wilson was horn ye 16th July, 1744; mother Wilson was 
godmother, brother Hugh Boyd and Alexander MacAulay, Esc]., god- 
fathers. 

8. Elinor was horn ye 28th July, 1745; Mrs. Jean Stewart and 
sister Nelly Wilson, godmothers, brother Charles Boyd and brother 
Wilson, godfathers. 

9. Hugh was born ye 21st of November, 1746; sister Charlotte Orr 
was godmother, brother Hugh Boyd and brother William Wilson, 
godfathers. 

10. William was born ye 29th of March, 1748; his uncles, Wm. 
Boyd, of Cullybackey, and Wm. Boyd, of Drumawillen, Esqrs., god- 
fathers and Mrs. Stewart, of Ballintoy, godmother. 

11. Leonora Boyd was born May 13th, 1749; Doctor Stewart, of 
Ballintoy, godfather, Mrs. Wray, of Shelfield, and Mrs. Harrison, of 
Mallindober, were godmothers. 

12. Davys Boyd was born August 16th, 1750; his uncle, Davys 
Wilson, Esq., and the Rev. Mr. James Smith, of Armoy, godfathers, 
and Miss Critty Close, his godmother. 

13. Alexander was born on Wednesday, ye 22nd January, 1751, 
N. S.; my daughter, Molly, his godmother, her aunt Boyd stood lor 
her, Archdeacon Smith and Richard Jackson, Esq., godfathers. Brother 
Hugh Boyd, and his son, William Boyd, stood for them. 

Drumawillen, mentioned in the foregoing paper, is near Ballycastle, 
and Mallindober, more correctly Mallintober, is in the neighbourhood 
of Bushmills. 



Note bv the Rev. W. T. Latimer. 

While making a search very lately in the Office of Records, Dublin, 
I happened on a copy of the petition presented in \663 by Archibald 
Stewart to Ormonde. Thinking that it might be of interest to your 
readers in connection with the reproduction of Rev. George Hill's 
valuable pamphlet, I asked T. A. Groves to transcribe it. This he 
has done, and I now forward a copy fur publication. 



T h r S t e ;;■ a r I s of Ball i n t o y 53 

The Petition of Archibald Si ewar i to Ormonde in 1663. 
Carte Papers, vol. 33. 

To his Grace James, Duke of Ormonde, Lord Lieutenant General of Irelau I, 
General Governor of the said Kingdom. The Humble Petition of Archibald Stewart 
Humbl) Sheweth, — 

That he makes bold to represent to your Grace, how he hath been used b\ the Scottish 
Army and the Usurpers, before and .since your Grace left this Kingdom. 

In the year 1643, your Grace was pleased to grant him a Commission to raise a I ruop 
of Horse, and a boot Company, and your Grace assigned him his own lands tor quarters 
for them. . ... 

Your Petitioner raised them, and, went to the Field, and joined with Major General 
Monro, to serve against the Common Enemy, according to your Grace's order, and was 
upon the Field with them from June tiil the last ot October. 

When vour Grace's Petitioner came of}' the Field, he was denied quarters lor one man 
by Argile's Lt. Colonel, which forced your Petitioner to disband his men, utter all the 
charge he was at in raising ot them. 

In the year 16. ., he was the means I by God's Providence) to break the said Regiment 
of Agrile's, and procured 500 men of the said Regiment to join with Sir Georgi Mom , : i 
go to England upon Duke Hamilton's engagement, u:^k- the command ot your Petition- 
er's son-in-law, Major Alexander MacAuley, for which, after the Duke was broken at 
Preston, your Grace's Petitioner was prosecuted by Argile's Lt. Colonel before ti 
Duke of Albemarle, then Commander ot Ulster, and was brought to a Council ot War, 
held at Belfast, for life ami estate, as the Lord Conway and Major George Rawdon can 
testify. 

In the year 1656, The Barony of Cary, which was made over by Lease tor 99 yeai ; in 
the year 1637 by the now Marquis of Antrim to your Grace's Petitioner and others tor 
their securkv for their engagement for the said Marquis his debts, which your Petitioner 
was in possession of, and did manage for himself am! his Co Lessees, was taken out ot his 
possession by Miles Corbett, then Chief Baron, by reason of the annexe.! Examinations, 
being declared a Delinquent for opposing Sir Charles Coote, then President ot Connaught, 
when he took in Coleraine, in the year 164V; ami was laid out by that Government to the 
Regiments of Horse and Foot belonging to Fleetwood; and his Freehold House ot Ballintoy 
was given out to Sir William Petty. 

In the Near 1657, he petitioned Henry Cromwell and the then Council, to be admitted 
to a Composition, according to their own Ordinance made in the year 1654, as all other 
Protestants were admitted b\ them, but was absolutely denied, which no Protestant in 
Ireland was denied, to be admitted to his composition, except your Grace's Petitioner, And 
all the reason that Corbett did give for this, his unjust act, was, that, a Barony was too 
great a Command for a Stewart amongst them, especially tor him ot whom they had such a 
character. 

The Lord Massereene, getting an Adventurer's Lort of 1,200 acres in the Barony ol 
Dunluce, your Petitioner having £50 a year in the said. Lett, His Lordship entered upon it, 
and keeps it yet from your Grace's Petitioner, under pretence of his Delinquency, and says 
he will not part with it, until! he gets reprisals, although >our Petitioner be a Protestant. 

May it therefore please your Grace, since it hath pleased God to restore unto us our King, 
and vour Grace our former Governor, your (trace's Petitioner's sufferings being tor his 
loyalty, Either by your Grace's immediate Order, to restore vour Petitioner to his just 
right and interest in the Premises, or, to recommend him to the Commissioners now 
appointed by His Majesty lor determining ot Claims. 

And, that your Grace may be pleased to look upon him in times coming as a Sutierer lor 
His Majesty, 

Anil he Humbly Prays, etc. 



-.W 



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