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Full text of "St. George's Parish Church, St. Catharines, Jubilee celebration and historic and centenary review"

ho her 






[University, Manitoba" 



Miss Ignore Bradley, 19, has com 
pleted the requirements of Columbia 
University, and been granted a Bachelor 
of Science Degree, and a Diploma from 
the Department of Nursing and Health, 
in Hospital Administration and Teach 
ing. 

Miss Bradley has accepted a position, 
as Assistant Director of Nursing, at the 
Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, Michigan. 



ri of $100.00 P als medal *nd ( 




Library 

of the 

University of Toronto 




REV. JAMES CLARKE, M.A. REV. A. F. ATKINSON, D. D. 

REV. ROBERT KER. 
REV. HENRY HOLLAND, B. A. REV. E. M. BLAND. 




ST. * GSORGG S 



* 



ST. ? CATHARWSS 




Jubilee Celebration 



kjistorie ^ ^eqteqarLj 



=Edited By= 



REV. ROBERT KER, 



RECTOR. 



Star Print, St Catharines, Ont. 



Page 14 In i6th line from bottom, for "XXX," read "XXV." 
Page 18 Solo, "Miss Burchall," read "Mrs: Dorset-Burchall." 
Page 20 In i6th line from top, for "entitled," read "untitled." 
Page 29 In 6th line, after is, read "a descendant of," and on same 

page, igth line, omit "three." 
Page 125 In marriage entry, September nth, 1851, for "Evestus," 

read "Evadna." 



JUBILEE COLLECT. 



(Prepared by the Rector.) 

O, God, in whom our fathers trusted and were not confounded, and in 
whose Almighty custody their souls abide in joy and felicity until the Great 
Day of Account, be pleased, in the fulness of Thine everlasting love, to bless 
those who are now assembled in Thy holy name. Sanctify this Jubilee ser 
vice to our spiritual advancement; bless its hallowed lessons to our eternal 
profit, the good of Thy church and the increase of vital religion in our souls. 
Accept our thank offerings to-day, and when our humble and imperfect ser 
vices are finished on earth, of Thy boundless mercy receive us into everlast 
ing rest, through the Atoning blood of Jesus Christ our Lord, Amen. 



The prosperity of a church, as of a nation, depends 
largely on its connection with the past. The accumulated 
lessons of its by-gone history are its rich inheritance, The 
Late Dr. Light foot, Lord Bishop of Durham. 



It is earnestly hoped that among the many who have been or are asso 
ciated with the old parish church, there may be some who, moved by a desire 
to honor God with their substance, would like to help us in a substantial way 
and identify their names with the future history of this church and parish. 
We would beg to commend to all such the following list of our most pressing 
needs: 

i. An Endowment Fund, to yield say $750 per annum, 
ii. Suitable School Building near the church and, 

in. Pulpit and Lectern. 

"Charge them who are rich in this world, that they be ready to give and 
glad to distribute; laying up in store for themselves a good foundation against 
the time to come, that they may attain eternal life." 




Church- 



and Centenary Review. 



1S41. "OUR JUBILEE." 



HE following pages, making up "Our Jubilee" souvenir, but practically 
our centenary, are, as far as possible, a record of verified facts, where such 
verification was possible, and, we may, therefore, modestly hope that the book 
will not be without a certain value to the future historian of this city and 
parish. It is not necessary to say much by way of preface, but this place 
affords a convenient opportunity for saying a few things that had better go on 
record. In the first place, we thank, with all sincerity, each and every one 
who, by contributions, however small or however large, helped to make our 
Jubilee what it was, a most unequivocal success. We are free to say that we 
expected the members of St. George s Church congregation would acquit 
themselves with credit, and we were not disappointed. To the willing workers, 
as well as to the willing givers, our heartiest thanks are due and tendered. 
The Jubilee offertory brings us within measurable distance of placing the 






6. 

church and parish as they were on the day when Dr. Atkinson felt compelled, 
through physical infirmity, to resign his position as Rector; that is to say, 
entirely free from debt. Our present total indebtedness is not greatlv in ex 
cess of $1,400, and we sincerely trust that early measures will be taken to 
wipe out this small balance. Once clear of debt, very cogent reasons will be 
required to induce us to contract any such serious liability in future. We owe 
it to ourselves, to the parish and to the wider interests of religion, that we 
make our church life as little of a burden as possible. Nor ought we ever to 
feel satisfied until each year s income more than balances each year s expendi 
ture. We should aim at this as our minimum requirement, and failing to 
reach this position disguise matters as we may our church life is not in a 
healthy condition. In trnth, much more than this is required, and the Pro 
testant Episcopal Church in the United States is taking the initiative in what 
promises to be a very healthful movement. The conviction has been steadily 
growing among the members of our sister church to the South that even when in 
come balances expenditure, many precarious elements still remain unaccount 
ed for. The continued fluctuation of families, the ever present trend of popu 
lation to the great cities, the almost general collapse of church finances dur 
ing the holiday season, and the many irregularities in the payment of pew 
rents; all these are matters that have to be taken into account. But even if 
it were not so, it is strongly felt that a hand-to-mouth sort of provision is little 
likely to promote spiritual life in the church. But further, it is recognized 
that our present methods of church finances are directly responsible for the 
many more than questionable agencies to which congregations have recourse 
for the purpose of keeping up a flickering and frequently useless existence. 
Money raising, as it is now pursued, is at once the disgrace and the weakness 
of our churches. It has lowered the whole tone of church life, and is practi 
cally reducing congregations to the position of clubs, whose sole business it is 
to raise money, and the more ingenuity displayed in doing it, the greater is their 
success assumed to be. The true functions of Christ s Church are spiritual first , 
last and always. If true to her Divine mission, she is a living witness for 
Jesus Christ, holding before men the grand ideal, which is a "new life," higher 
than the world and not subordinate to worldly methods. It is not for us to 
throw stones at anyone, but "Our Jubilee" offertory proves that there is "a 
more excellent way," and that as we value the dignified history of our parish 



7- 

church, so should we seek to keep it free from those "Cheap John" methods 
of financing, which have become so popular in our day. Instead of "growing 
in grace," churches seek to grow in expert, and sometimes not over honest 
methods of getting money, so that, 

The church alone with conscience quiet 
Can thrive upon this doubtful diet." 

Is it to be wondered at, that Faith and Hope and Charity die in modern 
congregations, or that they give place to empty profession, ceaseless wrangle 
and a complete reversal of the Apostolic injunction: "Preferring one another 
in love?" To remedy all this, a movement is steadily taking place in favor of 
Parochial Endowments, thus securing a certain fixed income and depending 
upon Christian liberality for such further voluntary help as may be necessary. 
As an illustration of the tendency in the direction indicated, it may be men 
tioned that "In the introduction to the present Year Book of St. George s 
Church, New York, Dr. Rainsford urges his people to make an effort to raise 
an endowment fund sufficiently large to yield almost a sum that will meet 
the running expenses of the church. Dr. Rainsford feels it very important 
for his church to remain in its present position. He thinks a fund of at least 
four hundred thousand dollars will be required for this purpose. A member 
of the vestry has most generously agreed to give a sum equal to that contri 
buted by the rest of the parish within the next five years, towards raising the 
amount required." 

May I suggest to the members of St. George s congregation the advisa 
bility of aiming at something of this sort. We have a small endowment at 
present, not very large, I am sorry to say, and year by year it appears to be 
getting smaller, until at present it only yields an income of about $250 per 
annum. If we were enabled to add to this a further amount of say $750, the 
future life of the parish would be financially secure, and would contribute, in 
no small measure, to the ultimate removal of pew rents. Should this Jubilee 
Souvenir fall into the hands of any present or past member of St. George s 
Church, who, moved by kindly remembrances of the past and anxious to asso 
ciate themselves with the future life of the church, no better way can possibly 
be suggested than by making an endowment for the benefit of St. George s 
Church. Thirteen or fourteen thousand dollars bequeathed to carry on the 
work of the church in this parish and city, would be an investment calculated 



to bless the givers as well as the receivers. The grandest, the fullest and by 
far the most impressive revelation on the sublime subject of death and immor 
tality, is that contained in the First Epistle of St. Paul to the Corinthians, xv. 
Chapter and yet the Apostle has scarcely finished that tremendous subject, 
when he adds: "Now concerning the collection for the Saints, as I have given 
order to the churches of Galatia, even so do ye. Upon the first day of the 
week let every one of you lay by him in store, as God has prospered him, that 
there be no gatherings when I come." 

This is a very suggestive fact, and a very clear indication of how our 
churches ought to be supported. With these thoughts, we leave the matter, 
praying that some in our congregation may be moved to devise "liberal 
things," and that, one and all, we may keep in constant remembrance this 
word of the Apostle: 

"THE TIME IS SHORT." 



JUBILEE 



WT was not without much deliberation and forethought that the congre- 
1^3 gation of St. George s Church decided upon taking a step, the wisdom of 
which has been amply justified by subsequent events. Early in the summer 
of 1891, the Rector called the congregation together for the purpose of ascer 
taining if it were their wish to celebrate the jubilee of the consecration of St. 
George s Church, and if so, what form it should take. After careful discus 
sion, it was unanimously agreed that an event so important ought to be cele 
brated in an appropriate manner, but the exact form was left open for further 
consideration. In the meantime a committee of ladies was appointed to open 
communication with former members of St. George s congregation, not resi 
dent in St. Catharines, to find out how far, if at all, they would be willing to 
assist is such a commemoration. Circulars to the number of seventy-two 
were sent out by the committee, but they failed to elicit any opinion on the 
subject. The summer holidays then intervened, and no further action was 
taken until Monday, September 21, 1891. In response to a notice given on 
Sunday, September 20, a meeting of the congregation was held in the School 
House, Raymond street, Rev. Mr. Ker in the chair. There were also present: 
Judge Senkler, Colonel Carlisle, R. H. Smith, C. Young, Mrs. and Miss 
Dougan, Miss Haight, Mrs. and Miss Greenwood, Mrs. and Miss Coy, Miss 
Eccles, Miss Ingersoll, Miss Taylor, Miss Arnold, Mrs. Haynes, Mrs. Ker, Mrs. 



10. 

Senkler, Mrs. Seymour, Mrs. Neelon, Mrs. Harvey, Mrs. H. Miller, and others 
ever ready to help forward the work of the church. The outcome of this 
meeting was a committee consisting of Mrs. Richard Miller, Mrs. D. C. 
Haynes, Mrs. S. D. Woodruff, Mrs. James Taylor, Messrs. T. B. Bate, J. 
Clench, W. H. Collinson, R. H. Smith, S. D. Woodruff and the Church 
Wardens. It is only necessary to say that the work of this committee was 
practically entrusted to Mrs. Taylor and Mrs. Haynes, and that these ladies 
performed their task most efficiently and to the satisfaction of all concerned. 
About the middle of November a final meeting was held, when the Rector 
and Church Wardens submitted a plan for the jubilee celebration, which was 
adopted unanimously; and it was formally determined to hold such commemo 
ration on the 6th, yth and 8th of December, following, and that invitations 
were to be sent to clergymen who had at any time been officially connected 
with the parish, and, if the Rector considered it necessary or desirable, some 
special preacher should be asked for the occasion. The musical part of the 
service was entrusted to the organist, Mr. Harry Smith; the literary work to 
the Rector, Church Wardens Mr. T. B. Bate and Mr. C. M. Arnold, and the 
arrangements connected with the Jubilee Banquet were taken charge of by the 
ladies of the congregation. Recognizing the fact that the time for preparation 
was short, everybody set to work with a will, and for three weeks every mem 
ber of the congregation appeared to be suffering from a new form of disease, 
which, for lack of a better medical term, we shall call "Jubilee Fever." The 
first invitation sent out was, of course, to the Bishop of the Diocese, who re 
plied on November i8th, regretting his inability to be present, but His Lord 
ship begged the Rector "to give expression to his regret that engagements of 
several weeks standing rendered it impossible for him to be present, except 
at unreasonable inconvenience to others, and he prayed the congregation to 
accept the assurance of his hearty desire that prosperity might attend St. 
George s parish, and that the many rich blessings which God has in store for 
those who love him, might rest on the members of St. George s church, both 
In families and as individuals." 

The Venerable Archdeacon Dixon of Guelph, who was the first curate 
in St. George s, in 1848, also wrote, regretting that he could not be present. 
He said: "I feel, however, a deep interest in your proceedings for, no doubt 
you are aware, that more than forty years ago I commenced my ministerial 



II. 

Work in your church as curate to Dr. Atkinson. On leaving, I was presented 
with a very gratifying address from the congregation, which I still have, but 
alas, few of those who signed it are left. * * * * The Rev. Canon Bull 
was curate at St. George s after me, and also the Venerable Archdeacon 
Lauder. Thus, you will see, how intimately I have been connected with your 
dear old town and church." 

Other clergymen who had been more or less intimately identified with 
the parish, also wrote in a spirit of kindly remembrance, but most of them, 
owing to the pressure of Advent work, were unable to be present. The 
arrangements for the celebration were pushed vigorously forward and by 
Saturday evening, December 5th, everything was in readiness for "the great 
event." 

About ten o clock Sunday morning, December 6th, 1891, being the 
Second Sunday in Advent, the chimes of old St. George s rang out joyously, 
and gave warning that the great "Fifty Year Celebration" was shortly to 
commence. Thanks to the untiring energy of Miss Eccles, Miss Woodruff, 
Miss Rykert and other willing workers, the church was beautifully decorated 
for the occasion. In the vestibule there was a large photo of Dr. Atkinson, 
appropriately wreathed with evergreens, while in close proximity were some 
of the time worn documents of the church, dating back to 1796, together with 
a plan of the old pews and a pencil sketch of the church in the olden days. 
The chancel never appeared to greater advantage. There was a most tasteful 
arrangement of beautiful white chrysanthemums, so that pulpit and lectern 
appeared to grow out of a perfect bed of flowers. The memory of Mr. Hol 
land came in for its full share of recognition, and the cross, with which his 
name has become associated, was also gracefully festooned for the occasion; 
and that nothing might be wanting which loving sympathy could accomplish, 
the mural tablet, placed to the memory of the late "Rev. James Clarke, Pritni 
Rectoris" was also wreathed in evergreens. Scroll work surrounded the gal 
leries, the lettering being the excellent work of one of our own young men, 
Mr. J. Richardson. Soon after the chimes were heard, the worshippers began 
to assemble, and continued to gather until there was a very large congrega 
tion present, and not a few once familiar to the old parish church occupied 
seats, and, doubtless, many of them conjured up out of memory s mystic 
chambers, the men and women who "long ago" sat with them and worshipped 



12. 

within the sacred walls of the parish church. Punctually as the chimes rang 
out their last notes and intimated that n a. m. had come, the andante tones 
of the organ pealed out under the skilful manipulation of Mr. Smith, and the 
large choir filed out of the vestry, followed by the officiating clergymen: Rev. 
Professor Hodgins, B. A., Ridley College, Rev. Principal Miller, M. A., Rid 
ley College, and Rev. Robert Ker, Rector of St. George s Church. The Rev. 
Mr. Hodgins read Morning Prayer, and the Rev. Mr. Miller took the Ante- 
Communion service. An order of service was distributed through the church, 
of which the following is the first page : 

ST. GEORGE S CHURCH, ST. CATHARINES. 
(FOUNDED CIRC. A. D. 1791.) 



1841 JUBILEE CELEBRATION 1891. 



"O God, we have heard with our ears, and 
our fathers have declared unto us, the noble 
works that Thou didst in their days, and in the 
old time before them." 



IB-Si. 

Rev. Abraham Fuller Atkinson, Rector. 

Churchwardens. 



Rev. Robert Ker, - Rector. 

judge Senkler, I 

Colonel Carlisle, } Church Wardens. 



I. SAMUEL, VII. C., 12 V. 






13- 
" Morning Prayer" commenced with the appropriate hymn : 

O God, our Help in ages past, 

Our Hope for years to come, 
Our shelter from the stormy blast, 

And our eternal Home ! 

Under the shadow of Thy throne 

Thy saints have dwelt secure; 
Sufficient is Thine arm alone, 

And our defense is sure. 

Before the hills in order stood, 

Or earth received her frame, 
From everlasting Thou art God, 

To endless years the same. 

A thousand ages in Thy sight, 

Are like an evening gone ; 
Short as the watch that ends the night 

Before the rising sun. 

Time, like an ever-rolling stream, 

Bears all its sons away ; 
They fly, forgotten, as a dream 

Dies at the opening day. 

O God, our Help in ages past, 

Our Hope for years to come ; 
Be thou our Guide while life shall last, 

And our eternal Home ! 

The usual service then proceeded, and was very heartily and reverently 
joined in by the. congregation present. Special Psalms, 84 and 87 were 
chanted. Below we give the order of the jubilee music : 

Andante Lohr 

Hymn 165 Tune "Bethlehem" Sullivan 

Venite No. 9 Nares 

Psalms 84, 87 Woodward-Humphrey 

First Lesson Leviticus, XXV. c. , 8 v. 

Te Deum in B. flat Illsley 

Second Lesson Romans XIII 

Jubilate Marsh 

Anthem "Lift Up Your Heads" Hopkins 

Ante-Communion Service "Kyrie" Gottschalk 

Hymn "Till He Come" Bickersteth 

Historic Sermon The Rector 

Jubilee Offertory By whole congregation 

Soloist Mrs. Dorsett-Birchall 

Prayer for Whole State of Christ s Church Militant 

Celebration of Holy Communion All invited 



"Ye do show the Lord s death till he come. ." i Cor. xi. 26. 

Till he come O let the words 
Linger on the trembling chords ; 
Let the little while between 
In their golden light be seen ; 
Let us think how heaven and home 
Lie beyond that "Till He Come." 

When the weary ones we love 
Enter on their rest above, 
Seems the earth so poor and vast, 
All our life-joy overcast ! 
Hush, be every murmur dumb; 
It is only "Till he come." 

Clouds and conflicts round us press ; 
Would we have one sorrow less ? 
All the sharpness of the cross, 
All that tells the earth is loss, 
Death, and darkness, and the tomb, 
Only whisper "Till He Come." 

See, the feast of love is spread. 
Drink the wine, and break the bread,, 
Sweet memorials till the Lord 
Call us round His Heavenly board ; 
Some from earth, from glory some, 
Sever d only "Till He Come." 

The Rev. Mr. Ker, Rector of St. George s Church, entered the pulpit 
about noon and read the following words from Lev. xxx. c., part 10 v.: "And 
ye shall hallow the fiftieth year, and proclaim liberty thorought all the land 
unto all the inhabitants thereof; it shall be a jubilee unto you." The Rector 
spoke for three-quarters of an hour, dealing chiefly with the earlier history of 
St. George s Parish, that is to say, from 1791, when it was a mission district, 
until it became a Crown Rectory. Nothing could exceed the profound atten 
tion of the congregation. To not a few of those present the information given 
in the address was entirely new, but to the older members the words of the 
sacred volume were not altogether inapplicable: "But many of the chief of the 
fathers, who were ancient men, that had seen the first house, when the found 
ation of this house was laid before their eyes, wept with a loud voice." Ezra 
iii, part 12 v. The historic address delivered on this memorable occasion 
will be found in full below, and has been carefully collated from such disjecta 
membra as were available. On returning to the Holy Table the Rector took 
his usual place, on the north side, and read the sentences, after which the 
jubilee offertory was taken up to meet a mortgage of $3,500, which has been 



resting On the parish for some years past. Taking account of the 
offertory in the evening, the total amount reached the magnificent sum of 
$2,400, or probably $2,450, for which we devoutly say, Laus Deo. Nearly 
one hundred communicants remained to carry out the command of the 
Divine Master, "For as often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye do 
show the Lord s death till He come," 

AFTERNOON, 3 P. M. 

In the afternoon the Children s Jubilee service was held in the church, 
Mr. Maybee, the Superintendent, and a full staff of teachers being in attend 
ance. Several of the parents and other members of the congregation were 
also present. The singing of the children was much praised, and their 
answering when subjected to a viva voce examination by the Rector, was 
prompt and accurate. Two Jubilee Banners were presented by Mrs. Harry 
Carlisle to the successful classes in the Junior and Senior Departments. Amy 
McManus, who had obtained the highest number of marks in the Senior 
Classes, and B. Towers in the Junior, had the honor of receiving the banners 
and placing them beside their respective classes. An offertory of $7 was 
taken up for the Sunday School Piano Fund. 

EVENING PRAYER. 

An enormously large congregation gathered in St. George s Church for 
Evening Prayer. The gas star, at the apex of the chancel, was lighted, and 
added considerably to the beauty of the decorations. The Rev. Professor 
Hodgins, of Bishop Ridley College, again kindly gave his valuable help to the 
Rector in the service. The following order was observed: 

Prelude ........................................ Gounod 

Hymn 240 Tune "St. George" ...................... 

Psalms 24, 47, 122 ..................... Farrant-Chatres 

Cantate ........ \ 

I in F ....................... Miron-Ward 



Anthem "Hark, Hark My Soul" ................ Shelley 

Hymn 289 Tune "St. Sylvester" .................... 

Special Sermon .............................. The Rector 

Jubilee Offertory .................................. 

Solo Selected .................................... 

Hymn 231 ........................................ 

March ........................................ Wagner 

Soloist Miss M. Spence. 



Too much praise cannot be given to the choir for their excellent work, 
which, from first to last, left nothing to be desired, and one paper described 
the singing by Mrs. Dorsett-Birchall and Miss Spence as simply "superb, 1 
but, where all were excellent, praise would be invidious. 

The Rector preached in the evening from Daniel v. c. and part 5 v., 
"The King saw the part of the hand that wrote." The sermon dealt with the 
Divine Providence which regulates the destinies of men and churches, and 
the active agencies, some of which we see, but most of which at the time 
remain hidden. We see "joy" and "happiness" written upon the bridal 
wreath, but how often does it happen that we only see part of the hand that 
writes, and but part even of the writing. Then again, what unutterable sor 
row have we not seen written what deep anguish, what heart breaks, what 
terrible losses, what unspeakable bereavements, and yet we have only seen 
part of the hand that writes. Beyond these days of agony and sorrow there 
is the fulness of joy, so that the great Apostolic logician declares in full view 
of all life s darkest reverses, "That the sufferings of this present time are not 
worthy to be compared with the glory which shall be revealed in us." To 
wait the manifestation of God s purpose is one of Faith s supreme tests, but 
let us remember the injunction, "Be patient, brethren, unto the coming of the 
Lord," for 

"Beyond the smiling and the weeping, 

You shall be soon, 

Beyond the waking and the sleeping, 
Beyond the sowing and the reaping, 

You shall be soon. 
Love, rest and home ! Sweet hope ! 
Lord tarry not, but come. 

"Beyond the parting and the meeting, 

You shall be soon, 

Beyond the farewell and the greeting, 
Beyond this pulse s fever beating, 

You shall be soon, 
Love, rest and home ! Sweet hope ! 

Lord, tarry not, but come." 

During the offertory Miss Spence sang a solo very effectively, after which 
the day s services were brought to a close with the beautiful hymn, 
"Forever with the Lord." 

The congregation, doubtless feeling that the event was historic, joined 
very heartily in the singing. Then, with prayer, fervently uttered, that God 




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would be pleased so to "dispose the way of His servants towards the attain 
ment of everlasting salvation ; that, among all the changes and chances of this 
mortal life they may ever be defended by His most gracious and ready help," 
followed by the solemn Benediction of the church, the Jubilee services of 1891 
glided peacefully and happily into the mystic realms of history. 
MONDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 7, 1891. 

The second important item in the "Jubilee Celebration" took place on 
Monday evening, at 7.30 p. m., in the presence of a congregation larger if 
possible, than that which assembled in the church on the previous Sunday 
evening. Every available pew was occupied. Several clergymen occupied 
seats in the congregation. Rev. Rural Dean Gribble, Rector of Port Dal- 
housie; Rev. E. M. Bland, Rector of Christ s Church Cathedral, Hamilton; 
and Rev. Robert Ker, Rector of St. George s, were present in their surplices, 
Mr. Gribble read a few introductory prayers, after which the programme, as 
given below, was gone through, in the order laid down, except that the second 
part was, by special request, opened with the beautiful anthem, which had 
been sung the previous evening, "Hark, Hark My Soul." The offertory on 
the occasion amounted to $41.42. 

MONDAY EVENING. 

7.30 P. M. SHARP. 



JUBILEE SERVICE OF PRAISE. 



PROGRAMME. PART I. 

1. Hymn 178 Tune, "Oriel" 

2. Address Rev. E. M. Bland 

3. Anthem "Praise the Lord, all nations" .... Lambillotte 

Choir. 

4. Solo "Mount of Olives," Parker 

Mrs. Dorsett-Birchall. 

5. Solo "David s song before Saul" Bordese 

Mr. A. W. Impey. 

6. Quartette "Come Holy Spirit" Millard 

Mrs. Welch, Miss Shickluna, Messrs. Phelps 
and Towers. 

7. Solo "Arise My Soul" Gabriel 

Miss Chadwick (Ingersoll.) 

8. Duet "In the Cross of Christ I Glory" Abt 

Miss Grubs, Mr. Impey. 



(Recit "Confounded be all they" .. ..) , 
Solo. . T - Costa 

I Air "They shall be turned back" j 

Miss Spence. 

PART II. 

1. Duet "My Faith Looks up to Thee" Lachner 

Misses Mack and Hunt. 

2. Anthem "Gloria" Mozart 

Choir. 

3. Solo Selected 

Miss Chad wick: 

Organ - ( < a ) Andante No 2 Wel Y 

" ( (b) March (Priests) Mendelssohn 

Miss May. 

5. Solo "Dream of Bethlehem" Rodney 

Miss Birchall. 

6. Quartette "Jesus Lover of My Soul" Williams 

Miss Spence, Mrs. Towers, Messrs. Phelps 
and Towers. 

7. "Praise God from whom all blessings Flow" 

H. E. SMITH, Organist. 

| 

TUESDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 8, 1891. 

This was the concluding day of the Jubilee celebration, and partook en 
tirely of a festive character, being in the shape of a commemorative dinner 
and conversazione. The dinner took place in "Haynes Block," and was des 
cribed by competent judges as one of the most delightful at which they were 
ever present. For the benefit of the ladies who shall take charge of the Jubilee 
Dinner in A. D, 1941, we give the menu below. We present it in this per 
manent form because at the next Jubilee gathering the chances are greatly 
against our being present, either to advise which is important, or to find 
fault, which is perhaps more important still, because of fifty who can advise 
readily, only about one in that number can find fault intelligently, and will 
our charming lady friends of A. D. 1941 believe it, that not even the intelli 
gent "fiftieth" was found to complain of the Jubilee Dinner of 1891. 



19- 
MENU. 

"He that hath no appetite for this let him depart." 



Escalloped Oysters. 

Celery. Tomato Catsup. 

BOILED. 

Sugar Cured Ham. Pressed Ox Tongue. 

ROAST. 

Prime Ribs Beef. Turkey with Dressing, Cranberry Sauce. 
Spring Ducks, Apple Sauce. Baked Pork and Beans. 

RELISHES. 
English Pickles. Chow Chow. 

VEGETABLES. 

Mashed Potatoes. 

SALADS. 

Chicken. Lobster. Potato. 

PASTRY. 

English Plum Pudding, Sauce Cognac. 
Home Made Mince Pie. Apple Pie. 

DESSERT. 

Pound Cake. Lady Cake. Cocoanut Cake. Trifle. 

Chocolate Cake. Charlotte Russe. Sherry Wine Jelly. 

Vanilla Ice Cream. Strawberry Ice Cream. 

FRUIT. 

Apples. Oranges. Bananas. Grapes 



Crackers. Stilton Cheese, 

Tea. Coffee. 



Is this the end?" 



20. 

Speaking for the information of our successors in 1941 we may tell them 
confidentially of course, that it has sometimes happened in our days which by 
the way are much belauded by their admirers as the most wonderful of all 
days, that the best part of the dinner has frequently been the menu, that is to say, 
there was more on the menu card than anywhere else, but our ladies reversed 
all this and put more every where else than on the menu card. Good sisters of 
A. D., 1941, emulate their example. Perhaps you are curious to know the 
names of the ladies who so unsparingly provided our Jubilee Banquet. 
Here they are : 



MRS. S. D. WOODRUFF, 
JAMES TAYLOR, 

" D. C. HAYNES, 
R. MILLER, 
E. J. SENKLER, 

" E; R. WARNER, 

" RICHARD PETERSON, 
W. H. COLLINSON, 
C. M ARNOLD, 
H. H. CARLISLE. 

" R. H. SMITH, 
J. R. SEYMOUR, 
A. J. GREENWOOD, 

" D. W. BIXBY, 
WM. DOUG AN. 



Nearly two hundred sat down at intervals to dinner which was served 
from 6 p. m., until 8.30 p. m. The young ladies of the congregation who 
waited upon the tables were very charming young ladies, and quite cap 
tivated the hearts of the guests; indeed, if our modesty did not restrain 
us, we would say there never were such charming young ladies at any time 
or in any place ; and if those of 1941 are superior, we are certain that no further 
improvement will be possible. Those who were not rendered hors de combat 
by the beauty of the ladies and those who survived the seductive influence 
of the "Sauce Cognac," adjourned to "Beaver Hall," where another treat 
was provided. The Rev. Mr. Ker took the chair, and after bestowing hearty 
congratulations on the great success of their Jubilee, he said he had to call 



21. 

upon a large number of gentlemen to speak, and would beg to limit them to 
about five minutes each. To Mr. J. P. Merritt, the oldest living member of St. 
George s Church was assigned the honor of leading off. He was followed by 
Canon Bull, a former Curate, and Mr. Burson, Pastor of Knox Presbyterian 
Church. Very Rev. Dean Harris, Rector of St. Catherine s Roman Catholic 
Church, was called upon, but he had to leave the Hall before the speaking 
began, a remark that applies to Mr. Armitage, St. Thomas Church; Mr. 
Ardill, St. James , Merritton ; Mr. McKeown, County Crown Attorney and 
Mr. George B. Towers. 

Judge Clarke, of Ohio, U. S. A., grandson of the Rev. Mr. Clarke the first 
Rector, was called upon and made a very neat speech ; Mr. S. Neelon also 
made a good speech. He was followed by the Rev. Mr. Spencer, Rector of 
Thorold ; Rev. Mr. Shutt, St. Barnabas ; and Col. Carlisle; Sheriff Dawson, 
representing our Roman Catholic neighbors ; Mr. H. A. King, Judge Senkler, 
Mr. Johnson Clench, representing the Ex-wardens ; Mr. Fred. MacDonald, 
Master in Chancery, on behalf of the old families, and Mr. George Peterson on 
behalf of the Young Men of St. George s Church. Some very good singing 
was interspersed among the speeches and the whole was brought to a close 
about 10 p. m., by 

"Praise God from whom all blessings flow." 




Historic Review. 



tURING the closing years of the i8th century the wonderful drama of hu 
man ambition which had been so effectively played on this new conti 
nent, shifted back again to the more congenial atmosphere of the Old World, and 
left us for a time in comparative peace. It is true that there were not want 
ing ominous portents of that fierce and pitiless storm of death, which swept 
Europe from the Gates of Paris to the very heart of snow-bound Russia. One 
black and awful death line marked the course of the storm as it swept in 
the terrific majesty of Battle from the Capital of the Caesar s to the Golden 
Horn, and rolled in an appalling death tide over the plains of Waterloo and 
back again in waves of conquest, into the very streets of the French Cap 
ital. But only the Divine voice of the prophet could have told us what was 
coming upon the earth, or how one man s unbridled ambition could work such 
awful havoc, and make such a bloody record upon the pages of history. The 
closing years of the Century found the Niagara Peninsula in peace. The 
horrible atrocities of the Revolutionary period were still fresh in most minds, 
but the terrible war-whoop of the Indian did not disturb the industrial pur 
suits of our fathers; the scent of blood, had become faint; the tomahawk was 
unused, and the Indian tribes on our frontier had buried the hatchet never 
again, save once, to be exhumed in civilized warfare. The United Empire 
Loyalists who had forsaken all to follow the British flag, were with rare 
courage manfully battling against the discomforts of their new life and joy- 



23- 

fully enduring hardships to which but few of them had ever been accus 
tomed. No sounds disturbed the deep stillness of the primeval forest save 
the cheery voice of peaceful labor and prosperous wood craft. Men of ster 
ling worth and unswerving loyalty had taken possession of the Niagara 
Peninsula and in the closing years of the last Century were literally "chopping" 
out their homes and making for themselves and their posterity "a local hab 
itation and a name." It is to their credit to say that while they contended 
against vast odds and enormous difficulties, they were not men to permit 
themselves to be frightened by the one, nor to be seriously deterred from 
their purpose by the other. They were verily the stuff out of which great 
nations are built and a strong people nurtured. In their day they were wise and 
heroic master builders who laid the foundations of our Civil and Religious 
Liberty broad and deep, and as van-guard citizens they proved their right to lead 
because, when necessity demanded the sacrifice, they willingly and cheerfully 
gave up home, and even life itself, in the cause of faith and patriotism. Nature 
herself pays homage to such entitled nobility and year by year the spray 
taken up from the mighty cataract of Niagara drops in gentle dew upon the 
graves of men and women of whose life and achievements any nation might 
well feel proud. Let our Jubilee songs to-day be wafted over their honored 
dust, and if our lot is happier than theirs, let our sense of gratitude be mingled 
with the memories of their struggles and of their hard won victories. In this 
Jubilee celebration it is not posssible to think of ourselves and to forget them, 
for, truth forces the willing confession that we reap to-day because they 
sowed, and we gather because they planted. Where the vine and peach now 
yield a rich and willing harvest to an industrious and prosperous people the 
U. E. Loyalists received 1:heir grim Baptism of National Life, and often since 
then have they vindicated their right to make choice of their own flag. 
They were men of earnest convictions both in religion and in politics, and it 
may be said with all truthfulness of the pioneers on this Niagara Peninsula, 
that, as a people, they never permitted themselves to forget that a community 
without religion is as little to be trusted as a ship without a helm. It was 
the spirit of true piety that built the double sanctuary of church and home 
and made us, what we are I trust v to-day, a law abiding and a God fearing 
community. Our present commemorative services partake largely, not 
merely of a Jubilee, but also of a centenary character. Sometime between 1791 



24- 

1794 this was a mission parish of the English church. It is not possible to 
fix the exact date, but it is positively certain that about this time, one hun 
dred years ago, your fathers joined in the beautiful Liturgy of the Church 
of England and the Songs of Zion were sung amid the old pine trees and 
the story of Divine Love was told by lips long silent in the dust. 

On the 1 7th February, 1796, we enter upon the region of authentic 
history, for on that date the old documents tell us of certain proceedings and 
of subscriptions made to secure "an appointment to the church at St. 
Catharines, together with the names and the amount subscribed by each," viz: 

. s. d. 

John Backhouse 12 o o 

John Hayner - 16 o 6 

Jacob Dittrick 26 10 6 

Abraham Clendennan 6 i o 

Benjamin Froilick 3 o o 

Henry Smith 3 o o 

Zechariah Hayner 3 o o 

Richard Hayner 2 o o 

Albert Hayner i o o 

Adam Hayner 3 o o 

Cornelius Pollock i o o 

John Decow (so spelled) 2 o o 

Robert Cammel 10 o o 

John Turney 6 o o 

John Brown 5 o o 

William Hay 5 o o 

Obediah Hopkins o 8 o 

Fetter (Sic) Hopkins i o o 

Asa Waterhouse o 10 o 

John Wilson, Jr., Beaver Dam i o o 

Hugh Wilson i o o 

John Kelly Q 8 o 

Jonathan Nunn o 8 o 

George Cooke o 8 o 

[acob Upper o 8 o 



25- 

Peter Metier, George Homer, Stephen Petrim. Philip Metier, Andrew 
Hansler, Jacob Bowman, (on the mountain) George Keefer, Mich l Seaton, 
Jacob Ball, Jr., George Hartsell, John Steven, Adam Hutt, John Dennis and 
others, making in all 121. 123. od This appears, having regard to the con 
dition of matters generally, a fairly liberal effort in the interests of religion 
Ready money was certainly not plentiful, a fact that is incidentally brought out 
by a Presbyterian subscription list quoted by McCollum, and referred to by Dr. 
Gregg in his History of the Presbyterian Church in Canada p. 186. (Note.) 

Pelham February 24th, 1823. 

"We the subscribers do agree to pay Mr. Eastman, forty bushels 
of merchantable wheat, for the purpose of having the Gospel preached for 
one year, once a month, and the wheat to be delivered at the house of John 
B. Comforts, on or before the 25th day of January next." 

It appears that the original site of the old church was fixed upon near the 
residence of the late Mr. Holland Macdonald, the land having been given to 
the congregation by the Hon. Robert Hamilton, of Queenston, and I am 
indebted to my friend Mr. J. P. Merritt, for a copy of a valuable document, 
which establishes beyond all question the fact that St. George s Church, in 
its original form of St. Catharines Episcopal Church, out-dates all other 
religious bodies in this city. 

COPY OF A GRANT FOR THE 

TWELVE MILE CREEK CHURCH AND LAND. 
JANUARY, 1798. 

Know all men by these Presents, that I, Robert Hamilton, Esq., of Queens- 
ton, in the Home District of Upper Canada, Merchant ; being possessed of a 
deed for five hundred acres of land in the Township of Grantham, in same 
District and Province, known by numbers iS.igand 20, in the 6th Concession, 
and numbers 22 and 23 in the roth Concession of that Township (as per deed 
registered in the secretary s office, yth June 1796 Liber B. folio 97, as may 
more fully appear.) For, and in consideration of one penny to me in hand 
paid by John Gould and Abel Letten, the present Church Wardens in that 
Township of Grantham, in behalf of themselves and other inhabitants of that 
Township ; have given and granted, and by these presents do give and grant 
unto the aforesaid John Gould and Abel Letten, as now Church Wardens, and 



26. 

to their successors in office, for and in behalf of the whole inhabitants of the 
said town forever, a portion of the said lots of land containing about two 
acres, or thereby situated around where the present church is built and 
bounded as follows : By a line parallel to and twenty yards in front of the 
present church, running from the edge of the road which rises the hill from 
the creek running towards the present farm-house seventy yards ; thence 
running towards the road which leads down the creek one hundred and forty 
yards ; thence in a line towards the road which comes from the creek seventy 
yards, and thence along said road to the place of setting out, about one 
hundred and forty yards. To have and to hold the said parcel or tract of 
land to them, the aforesaid Churchwardens and to their successors in office for 
the use of the inhabitants of that Township forever, and for, the purpose of 
having a Church and School House on said land, with the express Proviso 
that these buildings shall be maintained and supported thereon, and that 
should they at any future period be neglected for the space of seven years at 
one time, so that these buildings shall go to decay for want of attention and 
of repairs, then shall this deed be null and void and the land thereby granted 
shall revert to the said Robert Hamilton, or to his heirs or assigns ; and to 
the full and complete performance of the deed or grant I do hereby bind 
myself, my heirs, executors and administrators firmly by these presents. 

Signed by me, and to which I shall affix my seal at Queenston in the said 
District and Province before mentioned, this twenty-fourth day of January, 
in the year of our Lord, One Thousand Seven Hundred and Ninety Eight. 

R. HAMILTON. (L.S.) 

In presence of 
ROBT. MURRAY, 
WM. K. HAMILTON, 
JOHN R. HAMILTON. 

Copied from Mr. Merritt s documents ; read over and is certified this 6th 
December 1891, by J. P. Merritt. 

In 1817, a survey was made of the Church land and we give herewith 
the report which was presented to the church wardens, Messrs. T. Merritt 
and Geo. Adams. 



27: 

DESCRIPTION OF THE CHURCH RESERVATION. 

ST. CATHARINES TWELVE MILE CREEK. 

Beginning on a course south 68 degrees west and distance forty feet, from a 
post planted one chain and ninety three links from the south east corner of 
Paul Shipman s House, on a course south twenty-three degrees east from the 
said corner ; thence south sixty-eight degrees west three chains and seventy- 
one links ; thence south thirty-two degrees east four chains and fifty links to 
a post, thence north sixty-eight degrees east three chains and thirty- 
seven links to a post, thence north twenty-seven degrees west four chains and 
fifty-five links, to the place of beginning, containing by admeasurement one 
acre, two roods and sixteen perches, be the same more or less. 

24th May, 1817. RICHARD COCKRELL, Dep y Surveyor. 

On the 24th January 1810, an agreement was entered into between Her 
man Hosteter, Joseph Smith, Thos. Adams, George Adams, John May and 
Paul Shipman as trustees, and Jacob Dittrick and Thomas Adams "to put in 
four circular window frames to St. Catharines Church, 12 Mile Creek." 

For the benefit of our readers we give below a verbatim copy of this 
interesting agreement. It reads as follows : 



We, the undernamed Trustees of St. Catharines Church, 
have Jointly agreed with Jacob Dittrick, and Thos. 
Adams, Carpenters, to finish and compleat, a piece or 
pieces of Work as agreed on. Viz, To put in four Circular 
Window frames, to St. Catharines Church 12 Mile 
Creek, & find Boards & Nails to compleat the same, 
Likewise to line the inside of said church, four feet high, 
on the inside with f Inch Boards, from the Lower floor 
furnish Boards & Nails &c, for and in consideration, of 
the said Trustees paying Us Jointly forty four pound 
twelve Shillings, N. Y. C. on or before the first day of 
June Next, Given under our hands in the penal sum of 
two Hundred, as Witness our hands this 24th, Jan y 1810. 
HERMAN HOSTETER, 
JOSEPH SMITH, 
THOS. ADAMS, 
GEO. ADAMS, . 
JOHN MAY, 
PAUL SHIPMAN. 
St. Catharines Jany. 24th 1810. 



28. 

The following year, on the 28th August, 1811, Mr. Thomas Adams furnishes 
the trustees with an account for work done ten years previously. So far there is 
but little prominence given to the church wardens, but having regard to the 
position of the church itself this need cause no surprise. 

In 1810 we see that the Church was advancing, and although it appears to 
have been but a primitive building internally and externally, nevertheless it was 
making headway; but just at this point there was a serious interruption. The 
terrible trumpet blast of war was heard and for two years industrial pursuits 
were suspended while the inhabitants, young and old, engaged in a terrific and 
unequal struggle in defence of their homes and fatherland, against unprovoked 
and unjustifiable invasion. Let the bones of those who fell at Queenston, at 
Niagara, at Stoney Creek, at Beaver Dams and at Lundy s Lane tell the story 
of "right against might," and how a handful of ill-equipped, ill-disciplined 
and often ill-fed volunteers beat back with dauntless courage the vastly 
superior forces that were hurled against them. The scene of battle 
shifted now here, to-morrow there, but everywhere leaving behind it the 
wounded and the dying. The tears of fatherless children, the broken hearted 
sobs of the widow and the agonized cries of those fighting the last and greatest 
of all fights these are the things constituting the dark scroll-work upon which 
we write the deeds of the warrior and the conqueror. Our Church in thistown 
was promptly opened as an hospital and it remained opened during the war. 
Now, after the lapse of seventy-seven years, if it were possible we would like to 
know the history of the maimed and wounded victims of war who found a refuge 
within its unpretending walls; and from whence they came, upon whom the 
shadow of the Divine Light fell as they passed from the church below to the 
Church of the first-born above. The old building as an hospital had answered a 
good end so far as the public interests were concerned, but for purposes of Divine 
Worship it was rendered practically useless. We are glad that our old church 
was so used, for by this fact we are brought very close to the events of 
1812 1814. We find the following account among the records. It reads 
thus : 

"An estimate of damage done a Church in the Village of St. Catharines 
at Twelve Mile Creek by the British Troops using it as an hospital in the 
years 1813 and 1814. 



29. 

s. . 

Damages ............ 100 o. o. 

We certify, the above to be a fair valuation of the above damages. 



The Butler here named is Col. Butler of the well-known Butler s Rangers. 
The claim does not appear to have been settled with any undue haste, although 
subsequently reduced to 60 and even when passed upon, it was not made 
available to the Church for a long time afterwards. 

On Saturday, 3rd July, 1819, there was a meeting of the trustees of the 
Church of St. Catharines, called, curiously enough, by request of the inhabitants, 
implying one of two things ; either that the inhabitants were all members of 
the Church of England, or what is probably more likely that the general in 
habitants had a sort of common interest in it. In corroboration of this latter 
view it would appear that our Presbyterian brethren unquestionably had 
some pew rights in the old building ; and as our services were not kept up 
very regularly, it is quite certain that they occupied the building at 
intervals with ourselves. The graveyard was beyond doubt common property, 
because three years later the neglected burying ground attached to this church 
became the resting place of a Presbyterian clergyman who wielded no small in 
fluence in this community. An unpretending stone still marks the last rest 
ing place of the "Rev. Lewis Williams, a native of Henllan, Carmarthanshire, 
South Wales, England, who laboured a faithful Minister and Steward of God 
in this place for several years and departed this life September 25th, 1822, in 
the 63rd year of his age, universally lamented." Standing inclose proximity is a 
larger stone erected to the memory of a much younger servant of Christ, the 
Rev. Richard Lyons Me Arthur, M. A., Trinity College, Dublin, who was for 
some months Curate of St. George s Church, and, who died the i3th June, 
1857, aged 30 years. No question of Church order or discipline ever disturbs 
the quiet of these two servants of the Lord Jesus Christ, but lying there 
peacefully forgotten alike by friend and foe far from their native land, and 
from those who loved them in life, their ashes co-mingle in a great lesson of 
fraternity and charity. Let them rest. They sleep well, until the voice of the 
Lord shall call His loved ones home from every forgotten spot of earth, when 
not one shall be missing. But to return to the meeting of 3rd July 1819; it 



\ 

appears .that five resolutions were adopted, the first of which authorized 
Messrs. Dittrick, Wm. Chisholm, George Adams and W. H. Merritt, to fence 
in the church and burying ground. The third was a peremptory demand 
upon defaulting pew holders to come forward and make payment by the ist 
October, otherwise the pews would be sold ; the fourth resolution is conceived 
in much the same spirit, while the fifth ordered a petition to be presented "to 
the Bishop of Quebec to send out a pious clergyman ; we paying ^50 currency 
per annum, and -furnish him with a comfortable parsonage house." 

The correspondence on this subject with the Bishop included the question 
of the damages done in 1813 and 1814 by the British troops when using the 
building as an hospital. This fact is conclusive that the building was then 
and previously the property of the English Church. No progress was made 
as to the actual receipt of the money awarded as compensation for the war 
Joss, but the Bishop says he is willing, pending payment by the government of 
the assessed sum of 60, to grant 50 as a loan towards the repairs of 
the church and is sorry that the funds do not permit him to afford a larger 
amount. "With respect," says the Bishop s secretary "to your inquiry 
whether a resident clergyman can be fixed at St. Catharines this summer, 
the Bishop regrets his inability to give you a satisfactory answer. The 
affairs of the society who send out and support the missionaries are at present 
undergoing some changes and some measures are in contemplation by which 
they hope to be enabled to augment the number of missions in Canada. 
Till the result shall be known the Bishop can say nothing positive. He will, 
however, immediately make some arrangement by which the Clergy at Chip- 
pawa, Fort George and Grimsby will in rotation pay an occasional visit to 
St. Catharines." This was, it will be remembered in 1823, but up to 
that date, and for some time subsequently, the old Church building, 
as referred to above, had been occupied at various times and periods alternately 
by the Presbyterians and ourselves, but it was now deemed necessary to 
perpetuate the exclusive use of and ownership in the Church of England 
alone ; accordingly on the i2th November, 1825, at a public meeting, arrange 
ments were entered into, appropriating the Church and lands to our sole use, 
payment being made to such Presbyterians as claimed for pews ; such in point 
of fact was the state of matters at the close of the year 1827. On the 
24th June. 1828, we hear for the second time of the Churchwardens; on that 



date the Rev. Mr. Parkin writing from Montreal, addresses his letter "To 
the Churchwardens and Trustees of the Church at St. Catharines." Mr. 
Parkin says he has at length effected an arrangement with the Lord Bishop 
by which he is enabled to take charge of the Mission at St. Catharines; he 
hopes to leave Chambly by the end of July, and as for house accommodation 
he says that "the house shown to me when with yeu last year (1827) would 
answer very well." Mr. Parkin strongly recommends the immediate collec 
tion of the subscription for the parsonage ; he placed the amount necessary to 
build it at ^300, but the Bishop thought this insufficient ; at any rate a sub 
scription was made amounting to over three hundred and twenty pounds, and 
containing one hundred and twenty-five subscribers. This most interesting list 
is as follows : 

"Subscriptions in aid of erecting a parsonage in St. Catharines for a resi 
dent minister of the Episcopal Church, 1829. 

We the undersigned promise to pay the several sums opposite to our 
respective names to the Churchwardens, when required by them or to their 



order" : 



. S. D. 

1 Job Northrup, St. Catharines 25 o o 

2 Wm. H. Merritt, St. Catharines 25 o o 

3 George Adams, St. Catharines 15 o o 

4 Thomas Merritt, sr., St. Catharines 12 10 o 

5 Henry Mittleberger, " 1210 o 

6 J. H. Clendennnan, " 12 10 o 

7 Elias S. Adams, " 10 o o 

8 Robert Campbell, " 10 o o 

9 John Hainer, " . . . 10 o o 

10 Samuel Wood, Grantham 6 5 o 

11 Jacob Dittrick, sr., Grantham 6 5 o 

12 Theophilus Brundige, Grantham 6 5 o 

13 Wm. Chisholm, St. Catharines 6 5 o 

14 James Black, 6 5 o 

15 Chancey Beadle, " 6 5 o 

16 Luther Dyer, " 6 5 o 

17 H. N. Morson, 6 5 o 

18 Wm. C. Chace, " 6 5 o 

19 Charles Rolls, Grantham 5 o o 

20 Oliver Phelps, " 5 o o 

21 John Hodgkinson, " 3 2 6 

22 Thomas Thatcher, St. Catharines 2 10 o 

23 D. W. Smith, 2 10 o 

24 Alfred Barret, " 2 10 o 

25 Jacob Hainer, " 2 10 o 

26 Peter S. Campbell, Grantham 2 10 o 

27 Jacob Hosteter, 2 10 o 



32- 








28 George Keefer, Thorold 


2 


IG 


c; 


29 John Clark, Louth 


2 


10 





30 F. L. Converse, St. Catharines . . . 


2 


10 


o 


31 Edwin Seeord, Grantham 




10 





32 Jacob Hartsel, " 




s 





33 Isaac Lacey, 
34 Ralph Darby " 




5 

s 


o 




35 Seth Keith, 




s 


o 


36 Henry F. Pawling, " 




s 





37 Elias Durham, " 




s 





38 William May, 




s 





39 Henry Campbell, " 




5 





40 Robert Hodgkinson, " 




5 





41 William Wilev, " 




S 





42 Daniel Dewey, " 




s 


o 


43 Jacob Keefer, Thorold, 




s 





44 George Keefer, " 




s 


o 


45 J- W. Garrison, Wainfleet 




s 





46 Cornelius Darby, St. Catharines. . . 





s 





47 John Scott, 




s 





48 Hiram Leaven worth, 




"5 





49 H. N. Camp 




S 


o 


50 W. H. Sanderson, 




S 





51 Johnson Butler, 




5 


o 


52 J. R. Webster, 




S 





53 James Little, 


......... 


s 





54 James Fitzgerald, 




s 





55 Geo. J. Stow, 
56 E. W. Stephenson 




o 






o 


57 Joseph Mark well, 










58 Peter Lampman, Niagara 




o 


o 


59 Henry Ball, Grantham, 


....... I 








60 George Stull, " 


I 








61 George Turney, " 





15 


o 


62 John Bessey, jr., " 





is 





63 Christian May, " . . 


O 


IS 





64 Gershom Wright, St. Catharines.. 










65 James Clement, 


. . , o 


IS 





66 James Dunlop, 





10 





67 N. B. Godell, 





10 





68 John Wright, 





10 


o 


69 A. Finn, 





10 





70 J. P.Raymond, 


o 


IO 


o 


71 John Gilleland, 





10 





72 Lyman Parsons, 


o 


10 





73 Rufus Wright, 





IO 





74 Samuel Martin, 





10 





75 Stephen St. John, Louth 





10 





76 James Patterson, " 





10 





77 Henry Smith, " 


o 


IO 


o 


78 William Smith, Jordan 





10 





79 John Bessey, sr,, Grantham 





IO 


o 


80 J. P. Hoyck, 





10 


0- 



33- 

. S. D. 

81 Lyod Nickerson, Grantham o 10 o 

82 Francis Hodgkinson, " o 10 o 

83 Jesse Pawling, o 10 o 

84 Joseph Butler, " o 10 o 

85 Wm. Read, sr., " o 10 o 

86 Robert Read, " o 10 o 

87 John McDade " o 10 o 

88 John Nickerson, " o 5 o 

89 McMullen, " o 5 o 

go John Lampman, " o 5 o 

91 John Wright, jr., Si. Catharines; o 5 o 

92 Lawra Morey, o 5 o 

93 P. Nelson, o 5 o 

94 Nicholas Thorn. o 5 o 

95 Adam Chrysler, Thorold, o 5 o 

96 James Mclntyre, " o 5 o 

97 Peter Lashier, Harbour o 5 o 

98 Rufus Davis, " o 13 6 

99 John Robinson, Grantham o 15 o 

100 Adam Bowman, 

IDT John R. Tenbroeck, " i 5 o 

102 Peter Tenbroeck, " i o o 

103 Lilas Vandecar, i 5 o 

104 Darius Davenport, " o 15 o 

105 John Johnson, o 15 o 

106 Cornelius, Johnson, " o 10 o 

107 George Ackert, 2 o o 

108 John McCarthy, " o 10 o 

109 Jacob Dittrick, i 5 o 

no Adam Goold, o 10 o 

in John Clendennan, " 2 10 o 

112 Thomas Darling, " 

113 John B. Hainor, " o 5 o 

114 Robert Burns, " 5 o o 

115 Jacob Finney, o 15 o 

116 Elz. Northrup, " 12 10 o 

1 17 Miss Northrup, 6 5 o 

i:8 Oliver Phelp s, " 7 10 o 

119 E. C. Griffing, o 15 o 

120 Jacob Bowry, 2 10 o 

121 John Donaldson, " o 5 o 

122 Garret Schram, " 

123 Dan l Clendennan, Louth o 15 o 

124 Ebenezer Collver, " o 10 o 

125 Jesse Jones, " o 10 o 

Of the above one hundred and twenty-five subscribers not one, so far as 
we are aware, is alive to-day, but the record of their liberality remains and 
St. George s Church would be ungrateful, indeed, if she failed to recall their 
names or neglected to pay loving tribute to the memory of those who thus 
early in her history made sacrifices in her behalf. While they have gone to 



34- 

rest in Christ, their example is eloquent -to remind us that "God is not 
unrighteous, that He will forget your works, and labour that proceedeth of 
love; which love ye have showed for his Name s sake, who have ministered 
unto the saints, and yet do minister." 

A good deal of enthusiasm was manifested in the undertaking, 
and the foundation, frame, siding and chimneys were built, but owing 
to the want of sufficient funds there was danger of all that had been done 
coming to naught. In this emergency the Rev. James Clarke appears to have 
been called upon, and it was decided that he should take the land at the 
original cost and terms, and for the house a mortgage was to be given on the 
property in the sum of 135 payable by his heirs, executors, administrators or 
assigns, within one year after his removal from the incumbency or his demise. 
It is not quite clear how long Mr. Parkin had charge of the Mission, but it can 
hardly have been more than a couple of years, as we find Mr. Clarke in charge 
about 1830. 

On the 4th May 1832, it was resolved at a vestry meeting to procure a lot 
of one acre for "a new Church and Burial Ground" and an acre and a half 
was ultimately secured by an exchange with W. H. Merritt, Esq., for a piece 
of land in the rear of the block buildings, from which he was to remove 
the graves at his own expense. It was during 1832 that the cholera pre 
vailed here and no more interments were permitted in the old burying 
ground. 

In 1835 a sale of the old church land was effected and vigorous and ener 
getic measures were taken to begin the new Church, and with such success 
that the corner stone was laid with full Masonic honors on the aoth July, 1835- 
The scroll deposited beneath the corner stone reads as follows : 

ST. GEORGE S CHURCH, 

DIOCESE OF QUEBEC. 

Episcopal Bishops : The Right Rev. Lord Bishop Mountain. 

Second and now present Bishop : The Hon. and Rt. Rev. Chas J. Stewart. 

The Foundation or Corner Stone of this Church was laid in the Town 
of St. Catharines, on Monday the 2oth day of July, in Anno Lucis 5835, and 
in the fifth year of the Reign of William 4th of Great Britain and Ireland, 
King, Defender of the Faith, &c. 



35- 
A. D. 1835. 

The present Incumbent of the Church, The Rev. James Clarke. 

In the year of our Lord 1795 the Honorable Robert Hamilton, of Queens- 
town, granted to George Adams and Thomas Merritt, Esquires, two acres of 
land in St. Catharines, in trust to them and their successors for the site of a 
Church and burial ground for the Church of England, in the Province of 
Upper Canada, upon which a church was erected, but the great increase of 
the population of this Town requiring a more extensive and suitable building 
wherein to perform public worship, the now trustees Henry Mittleberger and 
Elias Adams have disposed of the said grant in order to enable them to erect 
the building which now encloses this scroll. For that purpose Wm. Hamilton 
Merritt, Esquire, has also conveyed to Henry Mittleberger and Elias Smith 
Adams, Esquires, trustees and elected Churchwardens for the Township of 
Grantham, one acre and one-tenth of land, to which they have added, by pur 
chase from the funds of the Church lands, granted by the late Honorable 
Robert Hamilton, a piece of ground for a burial place, in front of which this 
Church now stands; being 45x60 feet. 

Erected during the administration of Sir John Colborne, K. C. B., Lieu 
tenant Governor of the Province. 

Builders of Mason Work, James Gilleland, sr.; of Joiner Work, Samue) 
Haight. 

Saint George s Lodge. No. 15, at Saint Catharines; first Provincial Grand 
Master, Rt. Worshipful George Adams. 

Former Masters in Succession : 
Worshipful Thomas Merritt, Worshipful George Adams, 

Amos M. Kinney, " Charles Ingersoll, 

Ebenezer Collver, Robert Campbell, 

Peter Ten Broeck Pawling, " Jonathan H. Clendennan, 

George Rykert, Peter S. Campbell, 

Jacob Dittrick, David William Smith. 

Present Officers of the Lodge: Jonathan H. Clendennan, W. M.; Lewis 
Traver, S. W.; George Ackert, J. W.; Samuel Dolson, S. D.; Joseph Mark- 
well, (deceased) J. D.; Elias S. Adams, Secretary,; Peter Smith Campbell, 
Treasurer,; John Wright, Tyler. 



36- 

Population of St. Catharines in February A. D., 1835, as taken by the 
assessors 1130. Contains an ancient /Episcopal Church" a "Roman 
Catholic Church," a "Presbyterian Church," (not completed); a "Canadian 
Wesleyan Methodist Chapel" and a Chapel for people of colour. 

It was not until 1837, tnat the new building was covered in, and in August 
of that year, a contract was entered into with Mr. Sam l Haight, to complete the 
whole of the carpenter and joiners work at $1500. on or before the ist April 
1838. The names of Mr. Robt. Waud and Mr. Godfrey Waud, also appear 
among others who contracted on the building. But our forefathers 
in the faith were building in troublous times. The Rebellion of 1837 
and the many disasters that overtook our financial institutions about that 
period rendered it imperative upon those having the administration of our 
funds to proceed cautiously and slowly. To their credit, be it said, that they 
more than justified the trust placed in them. There were of course some 
zealous members of the congregation who thought that the work on the 
Church ought to be pushed more vigorously to completion than at the rate 
at which it appeared to be going. But those having charge of the finances 
are, generally speaking, better able to judge their position and capacity than 
those not possessing that knowledge. At any rate, the real or apparent delay 
produced an interesting correspondence in the Journal in 1839. On the 24th 
January, 1839, "Amicus" wrote, lamenting the unfinished state of "the Epis 
copal Church, in the village" The gauntlet thus thrown down was vigorously 
taken up by "Old looth" "Episcopalian" and others. The correspondence 
created quite an interest in the community ; ultimately "a friend to the com 
pletion of the church" interposed, urging greater energy, particularly as there 
was no good reason why it should not be pressed forward. "The congregation" 
says this writer, "is the richest and most respectable in or about St. Catharines. 
On Sunday last, there were Seven Magistrates and Two M. P s at Church, and 
frequently there have been-Nine of the former, all members of the congregation 
of the Episcopal Church of St. Catharines." Of the gentlemen participating 
in that controversy only "Amicus" (Mr. J. P. Merritt) remains. "A friend to 
the completion," was, I believe, the Rev. Mr. Clarke, and the quaint Norn 
de plume, "Old tooth" was Mr. J. Mittleberger. They were all animated by 
right motives, and this stirring of each other up to duty is a very pleasant 

reminiscence of "The forefathers of the hamlet." 

\ 



37- 

At this point I remind myself that I should fail in my duty as 
the present Rector of this parish, if I omitted to pay tribute to the 
memory of a faithful churchman, and one who gave time and money and 
talent of a high order to advance the interests of the church in this community. 
I refer to the late Mr. Henry Mittleberger. Judging him by the very scanty 
materials at my disposal, I should imagine him to have been a gentlemen of 
high Christian courtesy ; a model of accuracy and order, and perhaps better 
than all these, a broad-minded Christian, who, loving the Church of England 
with no scanty devotion, was nevertheless ready to bid every man God speed who 
loved the Lord Jesus Christ in sincerity. Truly "the memory of the just is 
blessed." Mr. E. S. Adams was his faithful coadjutor in trying times, and 
although the existing materials contain but scanty reference to Mr. Adams, 
he was evidently not less faithful to our interests, and on behalf of St. George s 
Church we place to-day upon their honored graves our wreaths of posthu 
mous gratitude. Both of these devoted churchmen have long since passed 
from "labor to eternal refreshment," but they have left behind them a stain 
less record and an example of devotion to the prosperity of the Church, which 
we may well emulate. 

"Lives of such men, will remind us, 

"We may make our lives sublime, 

"And departing, leave behind us 

"Foot-prints on the sands of time." 

It is a source of deep gratification to be able to say that the widow of the 
late Mr. Henry Mittleberger is still with us, and our earnest prayer is that 
she may be long spared to her numerous friends and the Church. , 

Of the official acts performed by the Reverend Mr. Clarke, we have no 
record. This is to be regretted on many grounds, because he must cer 
tainly have married, baptized and buried not a few during his Incumbency 
of eight or ten years. The Reverend Mr. Clarke was a Graduate in Arts of 
Trinity College, Dublin ; and before coming to Canada had been for many 
years acting curate of a church in the Diocese of Armagh. His death was 
the most tragic of any clergyman of our church on the Niagara Peninsula. 
Mr. Merritt in that exceedingly valuable book, "The Biography of the Hon. 
W. H. Merritt, M. P." briefly refers to the matter, but from Mr. Merritt we 
have personally learned the melancholy details. On the fatal Sunday Mr. 
Merritt had kindly consented to take Mr. Clarke to Port Dalhousie for after 
noon service. Mr. Merritt s servant had rather carelessly harnessed the horse 



38. 

too clo^e to the buggy, so that going down the hill to the bridge, crossing over 
the old canal, the vehicle struck the horse s feet, causing it to run away. Mr. 
Clarke was thrown out near the bridge and was probably struck on the 
head by the axle. Mr. Merritt was thrown upon the bridge, and had a won 
derfully narrow escape, and for days afterwards he had no clear idea of what 
had happened. The melancholy news was sent to Bishop Strachan by the 
Churchwardens Messrs. James R. Benson and John Clark, and as his Lord- 
hip s reply is of historic value I place it upon record, verbatim. 

Bytown, 6th August, 1840. 

Gentlemen I beg to acknowledge your letter, dated lyth July, communi 
cating to me the melancholy intelligence of the Rev. Mr. Clark s death- 
Deeply do I sympathize with you and his bereaved family in this bitter dis 
pensation. His goodness of heart, simplicity of character and readiness to 
make any sacrifices to promote peace and harmony among his people, had 
long won my best esteem. His manner and appearance were highly in his 
favor, and but a few weeks have elapsed since I partook of his hospitality and 
experienced his kindness of disposition and the amiability of his deportment. 
He was also a faithful servant of God, and, according to the measure of his 
ability, earnest in the discharge of his sacred duty ; deeply therefore do I par 
ticipate in your arid the congregation s grief, among whom he has so long and 
worthily labored and proved himself so useful and zealous a member, on 
an event by which the church has been deprived of so excellent a servant. 

In regard to filling up the vacancy it will require much consideration. St. 
Catharines is now a station of great importance, and from the character and 
attainments of many of the congregation, a clergyman in every respect qualified 
may not be immediately attainable but I want to find one suitable, at no dis 
tant period, and, in the meantime, temporary provision will be made by 
the neighboring clergy for the performance of Divine Worship. 

I have the honor to be, gentlemen, your obedient humble servant. 

JOHN TORONTO. 

James R. Benson and John Clark Esqrs, Churchwardens, St. Catharines. 
[Bytown was the old name of Ottawa, called after Col. Bye.] 

The congregation subsequently marked their appreciation of Mr. Clarke s 
worth, by placing a tablet to his memory, on the interior of the west wall of 
this church. It is of course in Latin, but for those not familiar with that 
language we add a free translation. 



39- 



IN MEMORIAM 
VIRI REVERNDI JACOB: CLARKE, 
e COLL. TRIM. AP. DUBLIN, A. M. 

PER VIGINTI ANNOS 
ECCLESIJE MULLABRACENSIS 

APUD IERNENSES 

OLIM CURAM GERENTIS 

DEINDE Hujus LONGINQU^; PAROCHI^: 

RECTORIS PRIMI 
ABHINC, EXACTO DECENNIO 
FLEBILITER EREPTI 
HOCCE MARMOR 

AMICI MCERENTES 
PONENDUM CURAVERUNT 

OBIIT CARPENTO Excussus 
Quo AD MUNIA SACRA 

EXEQUENDA VEHEBATUR 

DIE JULII xiv 

^ETATIS LXIII 

ANNO SALUTATIS NOSTR.E 

MDCCCXL. 

Vigilate igitur, nescitis enim, quando. 
Domus Dominus Venturas sit, sero, an media 
nocte, an gallicinio, an mane: ne si de improviso 
venerit vos inveniat dormientes. Quae autem 
vobis dico, omnibus dico, vigilate. 

MARC, xin, 35, 36 37. 



4 o. 

TRANSLATION. 

IN MEMORY OF 

The Reverend James Clarke, M. A., T. C. D., who prior to his coming to 
this country, (olim) had filled the position of acting Curate in the Church of 
Mullabrack, Diocese of Armagh, Ireland, and subsequently became the first 
Rector of this distant parish, from which, after a service of exactly ten years 
he had a melancholy removal. He was thrown from his carriage when going 
to discharge his sacred duties, and died on the i4th July, 1840, aged 63 years, 
His sorrowing friends have caused this Tablet to be erected to the memory 
of him, thus suddenly snatched from them. 

"Watch ye therefore: for ye know not when the Master of the house cometh ; 
at even or at midnight or at the cock crowing or in the morning ; lest coming 
suddenly He find you sleeping, and what I say unto you I say unto all, 
watch." 

Service had only been held twice in the new Church when Mr. Clarke 
met his untimely death, and it was therefore of some moment that a new 
Rector should be appointed with as little delay as possible, and accordingly a 
meeting of the congregation was held on Monday, August 24th, 1840, asking 
for the appointment of the Rev. Mr. Atkinson, with the result detailed 
below. 

Toronto, ist September, 1840. 

Gentlemen : 1 have the honor to acknowledge your letter, dated the 26th 
ult., enclosing certain proceedings of a meeting of the congregation of St. 
George s Church in St. Catharines, held on Monday the 24th day of August 
last. 

On the subject of supplying the vacancy occasioned by the lamented 
death of your late worthy Rector, the Rev d Jas. Clarke, and although it is 
not customary to receive applications from congregations, which, in a manner 
go to the selection of a clergyman already settled in another parish, yet hav 
ing seen Mr. Atkinson, and conversed with him on the subject, and believing 
St. Catharines offers a larger field for the exertion of his superior talents, I 
feel inclined to accede to your wishes. 

It is, however, to be understood that the aid in support of their clergyman, 
given by the congregation, is to be during his Incumbency, not for a short 
period of years. This is a condition which the poverty of the Church and 



the want of funds from any other source compel me to make, for the stipend 
allowed either by the Government or the Society for the Propagation of the 
Gospel in Foreign parts is too small to support a respectable clergyman in any 
part of the Province without other assistance, much less a place rising into 
such prosperity, intelligence and genteelity as that of St. Catharines. 

Mr. Atkinson is one of the most eloquent and pious preachers in the 
Diocese, and most acceptable wherever he is known. I cannot, therefore, 
doubt but that the congregation will readily change in their resolution the 
words "five years" to "during his Incumbency." Tn regard to the period of 
his removal it must depend in a great degree on Mr. Atkinson s own con 
venience, and the arrangements which can be made about supplying.the vacancy 
which his acceptance of St. Catharines must occasion. I should wish the 
whole matter settled this Fall, but it may not be possible to effect it before 
Spring. I have the honor to be, Yours &c., 

JOHN TORONTO. 

Messrs. Clark and Benson, Churchwardens. 

The arrangements wished for by the Bishop were apparently carried out, 
for, early in November, 1840, we find Dr. Atkinson performing the usual 
functions of a Parish Minister. On the 5th November, 1840, we have a record 
of a joint and several bond for one hundred pounds, as an additional salary to 
Dr. Atkinson. The names of the gentlemen signing this bond are : George 
Rykert, James Taylor, Geo. Adams, W. Hamilton Merritt, George Prescott, 
Wm. B. Robinson, James R. Benson and }no. Mittleberger. On the 3rd 
November, 1840, Dr. Atkinson performed his first recorded Faptism in this 
Parish, when George Richard Prescott, son of George and Anne Prescott 
was Baptized, the sponsors being Wm. B. Robinson, E. M. Patterson. 
Thomas C. Kesfer, Frances L. Cattley and Eliza Clark. Twelve days later, 
namely on the 1 5th November, 1840, he buried Jane, the two-year-old child 
of Richard and Marg t Boyle, of the Township of Grantham. On the 2yth of 
November, 1840, he joined in Holy Matrimony, Robert Franklin, jr., 
(widower), and Mary Anne Gibson, (spinster) in the presence of Thomas 
Towers, Louisa Towers and Robert Franklin. And thus with Life s Mysteri 
ous Story of "Births, Marriages and Deaths" we are carried forward into the 
New Year of 1841. When the year was scarcely three days old, Mrs. C. M. 
Merritt wrote her "Dear Mother" a bright sparkling letter which you will find 
on page 224 of Mr. Merritt s "Biography." She concludes her communication 



42. 

as follows: "Our new Church looked very neat on Christmas day the 
pillars wound with evergreens and festoons in front of the gallery ; but best 
of all, we have a good, faithful clergyman and a large and attentive congre 
gation." St. George s Church now emerges from its past fifty years of fitful, 
curious and not uneventful parochial history, and, under the strong personality 
of the brilliant, scholarly and kind-hearted Dr. Atkinson, it becomes the 
recognized Centre of Church Life for a wide district of country and a rapidly 
advancing community. "The Church was consecrated," so runs the record, "to 
the Worship of Almighty God, on Tuesday the Tyth day of August, one 
thousand eight hundred and forty-one, by the Hon. and Right Reverend 
Father in God, John, Lord Bishop of Toronto. The burial ground adjoining 
was also consecrated at the same time. The Clergy present on the occasion 
were the Reverends Henry James Grasett, Chaplain to the Lord Bishop ; 
William Leeming, Rector of Chippawa ; Thomas Creen, Rector of Niagara; 
F. W. Miller, Minister of St. George s Chapel-of-Ease, Drummondville ; 
George Grout, Rector of Grimsby ; John Anderson, Rector of Fort Erie ; 
Thomas B. Fuller, Rector of Thorold ; George M. Armstrong, Missionary in 
Louth; and Abraham Fuller Atkinson, Rector of St. Catharines," 

On the same ijth August, 1841, Dr. Atkinson "was inducted into the 
Rectory of St. Catharines, upon the mandate of the Reverend Henry James 
Grasett, assistant minister of Toronto, and Commissary in things spiritual to 
the Lord Bishop of Toronto, by the Reverend Thomas Creen, Rector of Niagara, 
in the presence of George Rykert, Churchwarden, George Adams, E. S. 
Adams and W. B. Robinson. Mr. Benson, ; the other Churchwarden, was absent. 
On Sunday the 5th September, 1841, Dr. Atkinson publicly read his assent 
and consent to the Articles of 1562, and the Order of Rites and Ceremonies as 
contained in the Book of Common Prayer. We now pass over an intervening 
period of three years, and on the iyth of September, 1844, the CORNER STONE 
of a new tower and addition to St. George s Church was laid by the Hon. 
and Right Reverend John Strachan, D. D., L. L. D., Bishop of the Diocese; 
attended by the Rev ds. William Leeming, Thomas Creen, Geo. F. R. Grout, 
John Anderson, J. L. Alexander, Thos. B. Fuller, Bold. C. Hill, Michael 
Boomer, George Mortimer Armstrong, Abraham F. Atkinson and a large con 
gregation. Messrs. Henry Mittleberger and George Prescott were the Church 
wardens. The tower was completed in 1845, and the story of its erection is 
thus told : 






43- 



THIS TOWER WAS ERECTED 
AND TWELVE FREE PEWS SET APART, 

A. D., 1845. 

CHIEFLY BY A BEQUEST OF THE 

LATE NEHEMIAH MERRITT, ESQ., 

OF ST. JOHN S N. B., 

IN MEMORY OF HIS LATE BROTHER AND SISTER 
THOMAS AND MARY MERRITT, THE FORMER WHO 

DEPARTED THIS LIFE AT ST. CATHARINES, MAY, 
1842, AND THE LATTER IN MARCH, 1843. 



Mr. Merritt s generosity is worthy of all praise, and we might well wish 
that others, moved by his pious example, would so consecrate at least a por 
tion of their wealth to such an endowment of this Church and Parish, that 
pew rents may become a thing of the past. 

Improvements were made in the Church Building from time to time, 
until you see it as it now stands; but it is needless to dwell at any length upon 
these details. The question of the insufficiency of Church accommodation 
was one that gave Dr. Atkinson a good deal of trouble. As a possible solution 
of the difficulty, he tried the experiment of a free afternoon service, at 3 p. m., 
but without any very marked success. In a circular issued, inviting the co 
operation of his people in the experiment, he says, under date June yth, 1861: 

"By the late Census it would appear that the Members belonging to the 
United Church of England and Ireland, in this town, number about 1900, for 
two-thirds of whom there is no Church accommodation. This is a serious 
evil which all must deplore, and it is one which will continue to increase with 
the growth of the population, unless some timely remedy is provided. Th 
most effectual course would be the erection of a second Church in a suitable 
position. But as that is an object which at the present moment cannot, I 
fear, be undertaken with hope of success, the next best remedy is to open the 
Parish Church for a Free Service to which all, now unprovided with sittings, 
may have access." 



44- 

But long before this date (1861,) the burden of years had begun to tell upon 
a constitution never too robust, and probably if we date back to 1854, or 
1855, we shaH not be f ar astray as to the time when Dr. Atkinson s health 
gave occasion for anxiety, because from that date forward there is no mis 
taking the tendency to lean upon the Rev. Mr. Robart s vigorous help. On 
the 5th of March, 1861, Dr. Atkinson was, for the first time in his twenty 
years residence in this Parish, compelled to absent himself from a vestry 
meeting called to deal with some important matter of finance, likely appar 
ently to provoke warm discussion ; but he is anxious that it should be calm 
and Christ-like, and he writes his "Dearly Beloved Friends and Parishioners" 
a letter full of love and tenderness just such a letter as would have done credit to 
"Paul the aged" ; he had hope and confidence that they would not forget that 
they were assembled in the House of God and that the manifestation of any 
unseemly warmth could serve no good purpose, nor promote the welfare and 
prosperity of their beloved Church. Let everything be done in a kind and 
Christian spirit with all lowliness and meekness, forbearing one another in love 
and endeavoring to keep the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace. If this 
be the case, you may then be assured that God s blessing will rest upon your 
efforts, and that ye yourselves will enjoy the comfort of an approving con 
science. Commending you to the Grace of God and the guidance of His 
Holy Spirit, and hoping that much good will result from your deliberations, 
believe me to be, my dear Parishioners, your affectionate friend and Pastor, 
A. F. Atkinson." 

Such a letter as the above preserves the high traditional courtesy, and 
fine Christian Spirit of the Old Time English Church Clergyman, of whom 
there never was a better type than Abraham Fuller Atkinson. 

Early in 1864, Dr. Atkinson formally resigned the Rectorship of this 
Parish. Mrs. Jas. Taylor has assured me that every possible effort was made to 
induce him to withdraw his resignation, but without success. Never did 
pastor and people separate more unwillingly, but Dr. Atkinson felt that his 
health was too much impaired to warrant him in holding the Rectorship, and 
his high sense of duty was not to be overcome even by the warmest pleadings 
of an unusually warm heart, We can but faintly imagine what it must have 
cost Dr. Atkinson to say "Farewell." Seeing that his determination was not 
to be changed, the congregation resolved to give substantial voice to their 



45- 

deep and irreparable loss. An address arid presentation was immediately set 
on foot and speaking of it, the Constitutional newspaper of this city said : 

"The congregation of St. George s Church in this town having determined 
that the Rev. Dr. Atkinson s long and arduous labours in their behalf should 
not terminate without the presentation of some testimonial to mark their 
sense of gratefulness, met recently and appointed a committee consisting of 
Messrs. H. Mittleberger, T. R. Merritt. J. R. Benson, J. F. Saxon, J. Taylor, 
and other gentlemen, to carry out their wishes. The result is a handsome 
purse of about $1,250 and the following address, which has been beautifully 
engrossed on parchment" : 
To the Rev. Abraham Fuller Atkinson, D. C.L., Rector of the Parish of St. 

Catharines : 

REVEREND AND DEAR SIR. After many years of toil in the Christian 
Ministry, twenty-three of which you have spent among us, we can truly com 
prehend that earnest wish you have felt for timely rest in the evening of your 
days. Still, the announcement of your resignation as Rector of this Parish, a 
position you have so highly adorned, is felt with deep regret by your people, 
interwoven as every thread of your social life has been with that of ours, and 
that of our families. Indeed, the separation of a beloved pastor from his flock, 
after so many years, cannot otherwise than recall endearing recollections of 
the past. The Parish register for nearly a quarter of a century will 
clearly point as an index to those many changes that have taken place since 
your advent here, and to occasions upon which we have been aided by your 
pastoral ministrations. During all this long period you have ever been found 
the same a sincere and discreet friend, a prudent counsellor, and an eloquent 
and elightened illustrator of gospel truths ; and the best tribute we can pay to 
the soundness of your judgment and the moderation of your views in all 
things, is the peace and unity existing in this congregation. The time, dear 
sir, that you have sojourned here, has been momentous in changes, not in 
worldly affairs only, but in the Church ; and you have yourself witnessed in 
that space a generation pass away for how few now are left of those who 
once were familiar faces in the then infant state of the parish ; and how many 
there are you leave as recognized members of the Church, then and until 
lately unknown ! In all this retrospect there is something agreeable to dwell 
Upon, and it will undoubtedly afford you unspeakable pleasure to reflect, that 



46- 

under your charge this congregation and parish have largely increased, while 
you leave the Church itself in its temporalities on a sound and permanent 
basis. 

And now, Rev. and dear sir, in bidding you an affectionate farewell, we beg 
your acceptance of the acompanying testimonial of our esteem and regard. 
And we cannot close this feeble expression of our sentiments without wishing 
you and Mrs. Atkinson to whose many excellent qualities and kindness of 
heart we are, as a community, so much indebted every comfort in your 
retirement with your estimable family ; fervently hoping that you may be 
permitted to enjoy that peace and rest here which is the Christian s Life 
and that hereafter which is the pilgrims only hope, a place in that far 
off and better land that land of everlasting light, where trouble and pain 
will cease, and joy will live forever, in the presence of that Saviour whose 
faithful servant and disciple you have been. 

. We remain Rev. and Dear Sir, on behalf of the congregation, 
Yours affectionately, 

TAMES TAYLOR, I ~, , 

C. P. CAMP, [Churchwardens. 

AND OTHERS. 

St. Catharines, April 26th, 1864. 

The following is the reply of the Rev. Dr. Atkinson to the address and 
testimonial presented to him by his congregation on retiring from the Rector 
ship of his Parish : 

ToJ as. Taylor and C. P. Camp, Esqrs. Churchwardens, on behalf of the Con 
gregation of St. George s Church, St. Catharines : 

MY DEAR FRIENDS : I have just received your most kind and touching 
address, and have read it with feelings which I shall not attempt to describe. 

Compelled by the pressure of physical infirmity after a constant 
service in the Christian ministry of six and thirty years, nearly four and 
twenty of which have been spent with you to seek repose, I feel it to be no 
small comfort and satisfaction to bear with me into retirement this gratifying 
tribute of esteem and affection from a people among whom I have lived so long 
in the endearing relation of Pastor more especially as it has been gained, I 
trust, by no compromise of principle, or by shunning to declare the whole 






47- 

counsel of God. For while deeply and painfully conscious of many very 

many, imperfections and short-comings in the sight of the Great Master in 
Heaven, and how inadequately I have discharged my duties, I still hope I 
may be permitted to say that it has ever been my earnest desire to promote 
your spiritual welfare, to keep back nothing which might be profitable to you, 
and to preach faithfully among you the gospel of Christ. Whatever, there 
fore, it be, which affords a hope that I have not labored in vain, and that my 
services have met with your favorable acceptance, must be regarded by me 
with sincere satisfaction. Viewed in this light, your affectionate address, 
and the substantial proof of your regard which besides you have given, are 
rendered doubly valuable in my estimation, and shall ever bo^held in grateful 
remembrance. 

You touchingly allude to the many changes that have taken place in the 
Parish since I first became the Incumbent. There are few congregations 
perhaps in the Diocese which have been more marked by changes than that 
of St. George s changes, too, of a very impressive character. And while we 
cannot but rejoice at the large increase of the congregation that the Church 
and Rectory are free of debt and that the temporalities of the Parish are 
placed on a sound and permanent basis our joy nevertheless, is chastened 
by the recollection of the changes that have occurred, and of the many valu 
able members, of the congregation that have been taken, and whose loss will 
be long and deeply felt by those that are left behind. These changes, how 
ever dear friends, are but indications of the great change that awaits us all, 
and to prepare for which will be our highest wisdom. 

Accept my warmest thanks for the kind wishes you express for myself 
and for Mrs. Atkinson, who has ever felt the liveliest interest in everything 
connected with the welfare of the parish, and which by us both are most 
cordially reciprocated. 

And now may the God of love and peace be with you as a congregation 
and as individuals ; and may He so influence your hear ts by the power of His 
grace, that in the great and final day of account you may constitute the joy 
and crown of rejoicing to those who have preached among you the unsearch 
able riches of Christ ! 

Ever, my dear friends, 

Affectionately yours, 
Napanee, May, igth, 1864. A. F. ATKINSON. 



4ft. 

After a short stay at Napanee, Dr. Atkinson took up his permanent resi 
dence in Toronto, but the journey was nearly finished, and less than two 
years after penning the reply to his "Beloved Parishioners," the "Golden 
Gates" were opened, and the faithful servant of Jesus Christ was called to his 
exceeding great reward. On the 24th of February, 1866, at his residence, Queen 
Street, Toronto, Dr. Atkinson entered upon his rest, at the age of 63 years, 
and in his death this earth became poorer by as saintly a character as ever 
ministered in the Church. But his family and friends were consoled by the 
thought that : 

It is not death to die, 

Tc) leave this weary road, 
And midst the brotherhood on high, 

To be at home with God. 

It is not death to close 

The eyes long dimmed with tears, 
And wake in glorious repose 

To spend eternal years. 

It is not death to bear 

The wrench that sets us free 
From dungeon chain, to breathe the air. 

Of boundless liberty. 

It is not death to fling 

Aside this sinful dust, 
And rise on strong exulting wing 

To live among the just. 

Jesus, Thou Prince of Life, 

Thy chosen cannot die, 
Like Thee, they conquer in the strife 

To reign with Thee on high. 

The burden of his message was Christ and Him crucified, and unceas-- 
ingly he warned men everywhere to repent. His simple and guileless life was 
hardly less impressive than his fervent and eloquent oratory. His reading of 
the Liturgy was better than many a sermon, and few ever left the Church 
without being impressed by his earnest and affectionate manner. 

Let us add a few words about his early life. Dr. Atkinson was educated 
at Trinity College, Dublin, and came to Canada in 1827 ; he was soon after 
ordained by Dr. Charles Jas. Stewart, Bishop of Quebec. For eight years he 
was attached to Christ Church, Montreal, taking occasional duty in the 
neighborhood of LaPrairie. He left Montreal universally regretted, to take 
charge of the Parish of Bath, near Kingston ; he remained at Bath for a period 



49. 

of- four years, at the expiration of which time he resigned, and as already 
stated he came here in 1840, and remained until 1864. After his retirement 
from active duty his health gradually failed, and on Saturday evening, Feb. 
24th, 1866, he fell asleep in Jesus. He died as he had lived, full of faith and 
looking for the glorious Resurrection to Eternal Life. The news of his death 
reached St. Catharines on Monday morning, February 26th, and cast a deep 
gloom over the whole community. It was his wish that his remains should 
rest among the people that he loved so well. 

The day before the funeral his remains were brought from Toronto to 
the home of J. P. Merritt, Esq, from whose residence the interment 
took place. During the afternoon all the places of business in the town were 
closed, and an immense crowd followed the hearse. The body was borne into 
St. George s Church and laid before the pulpit, from which he had so frequently 
thrilled the congregation with his heart-stirring eloquence. The goth Psalm 
was rendered very sweetly to one of Croft s beautiful chants in a minor key. 
The Rev. Mr. Holland then read the lesson, when the following Hymn was 
sung : 

"Saint after Saint on earth 
Has lived, and loved, and died ; 
And as they left us one by one 
We laid them side by side ; 
We laid them down to sleep, 
But not in hope forlorn ; 
We laid them but to ripen there 
Till the last glorious morn." 

The funeral cortege then re-formed, and went towards the Cemetery 
The Clergy of the District, and some from Toronto, Hamilton and elsewhere, 
together with the Choir under Mr. Sugden, followed the body from the 
entrance of the Cemetery to the grave singing to the mornful tune "Adeste 
Fideles" the touching hymn 

"Come forth, come on with solemn song 
The road is short, the rest is long. 
The Lord gave here, He calls away, 

Make no delay 
This home was for a passing day." 

The rising and falling of their voices in the open air had a very solemn 
and impressive effect. Rev. Mr. Dixon, Mr. Holland and Dr. Fuller, then 
read the remainder of the service, after which, and while the grave was 



50. 

being filled a hymn was sung 

"Who are these like stars appearing, 
These before God s throne who stand ? 
Each a golden crown is wearing, 
Who are all this glorious band ? 
Alleluia ! hark they sing, 
Praising loud their Heavenly King." 

"We never remember, "said the Constitutional "being present at a funeral 
where deeper or more heartfelt grief appeared to be shown by the whole 
assembly. It was not as a mere formality or empty ceremony: they were 
there to pay the last tribute of respect to the departed, but all seemed to be 
influenced by a deep feeling of sorrow that in this world they should behold 
the deceased s much-loved face no more." 

The handsome Memorial Window in the chancel of this old Parish 
Church bears eloquent testimony to the memory of one who deserved well 
at your hands and whose rare gifts were cheerfully spent in your service. A 
brass tablet near the chancel window contains this legend : 



To THE GLORY OF GOD 

ANDTiN 

AFFECTIONATE REMEMBRANCE 

OF THE 

REVEREND ABRAHAM FULLER ATKINSON, 

24 Years Rector of this Parish. 

WHO DIED FEBRUARY 24TH, 1866. 

This chancel window was erected by members of 
the congregation, A. D., 1874. 



5 1 - 



The appointment of a successor to such a man as Dr. Atkinson is never 
a very easy task ; because at every point of his profession he stood in the first 
rank. As a preacher he had no rival ; his classical scholarship was very 
high, while as a loving and sympathetic pastor he was not likely ever to be 
replaced in the affections of those who best knew him. 

Two names, however, came prominently forward for the vacancy, namely: 
the Rev. Henry Holland, Rector of Fort Erie, and the Rev. Thos. T. Robarts, 
who had been Dr. Atkinson s curate for several years. 

In his application for the Rectorship, the Reverend Mr. Holland set it 
down as a principle, that "In performing Divine Service, it would be his 
desire to adhere as closely as possible to the rule of the Church, as laid down 
in the Book of Common Prayer, and in his administration generally." "I 
should" said Mr. Holland "introduce no changes and adopt no measures 
without first securing the intelligent approbation and obtaining the co-oper 
ation of the parishioners." 

I cannot forbear remarking that a rigid adherence to a principle so un 
questionably sound, as Mr. Holland so solemnly pledged himself to observe, 
would be the best antidote for the difficulties that have distracted many 
congregations. And, if we admire the principle upon which Mr. Holland 
undertook to guide the parish life, not less worthy of imitation is the Bishop s 
letter defining the course he feels called upon to take in making his appoint 
ments. Writing to the Rev. Mr. Robarts in reply to his application for the 
Rectorship, his Lordship says: 

Toronto, t6th January, 1864. 

Rev. and Dear Sir: I have just received your letter of yesterday, in 
which you state you have learned from the Rev. Dr. Atkinson, that he has 



52- 

resigned the Rectory of St. Catharines. Now, although the resignation will 
not take effect till after Easter, it was quite natural that you should apprise 
me of the fact. In regard to the succession, it is a received principle with me 
that an Assistant Minister, after serving many years and giving satisfaction, 
has established a claim that ought to be respected. NEVERTHELESS IT HAS 

ALWAYS BEEN MY PRACTICE NOT TO FORCE ANY CLERGYMAN ON A PARISH 
WHO IS NOT GENERALLY ACCEPTABLE, OR WHOSE MINISTRATIONS DID NOT 
PROMISE A REASONABLE MEASURE OF SUCCESS, BECAUSE THE GOOD OF THE 
CHURCH MUST BE OUR FIRST CONSIDERATION. 

Hence, I trust that you will be able to bring forward the recommend 
ation of my friend, Dr. Atkinson and the good will of your people ; and this 
will make all things easy and agreeable. It is no small consideration in your 
favor, that during your nine years service no complaint has ever been to my 
knowledge made against you. 

I have the honor to be, 

Yours, &c. 

JOHN TORONTO. 
The Rev. T. T. Robarts, M. A., 

St. Catharines, 

Ultimately the appointment was made in favor of the Rev. Mr. Holland, 
B. A., and on Tuesday the i2th July, 1864, he was inducted into the Rectory 
of St. Catharines by the Rev. Mr. Ingles, M. A., on mandate from Ven. A. 
N. Bethune, D. D., Archdeacon of Toronto, and Bishop s commissary. 

On Sunday the 3ist of July, 1864, Mr. Holland publically "read himself 
in," and as his Rectorship is of comparatively recent date there is no particu 
lar necessity for doing more than pointing out the broad outlines of the course 
of events during his Incumbency. At the time Mr. Holland was appointed 
Rect6r, Messrs. Taylor and Camp were Churchwardens, and the financial 
condition of the Parish was eminently satisfactory, but the question of 
increased accommodation in the Church was pressing for solution, and I here 
venture the opinion, that the measures taken to provide it were much less 
radical than the situation demanded. 

On the i2th of December, 1864, a Vestry Meeting was held, when it was 
agreed: "That, whereas there is a large number of persons in this Town 
Members of the Church of England and others for whose accommodation in 



53- 

St. George s Church, there is at present no provision, and of whom, as appears 
from the attendance at the services recently held in the Town Hall, many 
would gladly attend Church, it is, in the opinion of this Meeting, highly ex 
pedient, that at the Sunday evening services all pews should be declared free 
to all comers. That with a view to the accomplishment of this object, the 
Rector and Churchwardens be authorized to address a Circular to the Pew- 
holders embodying this Resolution, and requesting them, in the event of their 
non-concurrence therein, to intimate the same to the Rector in writing 
within one week from the date of this Circular." 

It appears that the above resolution was pretty generally concurred in, and 
it is not unreasonable to assume that it may have helped to relieve the pressure, 
but to what extent it is not easy to say. 

Two years after his appointment, that is to say, in 1866, Mr. Holland 
was granted leave of absence for the benefit of his health. The reports of 
the Vestry Meetings about this time would appear to indicate a feeling of 
unrest in the Congregation, and a very marked dissatisfaction with certain ten 
dencies which Mr. Holland was manifesting for a Ritual to which the Congre 
gation had not hitherto been accustomed. This unhappy, and let it be said 
disastrous difference between Rector and people found expression at 
a Vestry Meeting held on the 6th of May, 1867, when on motion of 
Dr. Mack, seconded by Mr. Wm. Cooke, it was proposed "That this meeting 
cannot conceal its alarm at the spread of Ritualism, in many cases resulting 
in withdrawal from the Church, of members both Lay and Clerical, who had 
previously signalized themselves by zealous advocacy of such innovations, 
and without expressing an opinion to what extent the services of St. George s 
Church may have a Ritualistic tendency, object to the introduction of novel 
ties distasteful to a large majority of the .congregation." 

Mr. Holland declined to put the resolution, but the Vestry immediately 
resolved itself into a congregational meeting, when the resolution was again 
proposed and carried on division. It does not appear that this painful 
divergence of opinion between the Rector and his people was ever satisfac 
torily adjusted ; on the contrary it manifestly helped to precipitate the division 
of the Parish, under conditions not altogether favorable for dispassionate 
judgment, nor indeed, for the permanent general good of the Church as a 



54- 

whole. The matter does not appear to have been again referred to, and 
apparently the attention of the Congregation is chiefly directed to enlarging 
the Church and securing Sunday School accommodation. Beyond the 
arrangements made in regard to these matters there is very little to mark the 
successive years of Mr. Holland s Rectorship. 

About 1872 the Parish of Christ s Church was formed and a neat little 
edifice built on the Western Hill. The Rev. Mr. Short became first Recto r 
of the new Parish and continued to hold the position until 1875, when he 
removed to Walkerton. He was succeeded in 1876 by Rev. Wm. Brookman. 
and the following year (1877) it was deemed advisable to build a new Church 
on the city side of the canal. 

The corner stone of St. Thomas Church was laid, with full Masonic 
honors, on the i2th of September, 1877, by the Most Worshipful Grand 
Master, J. K. Kerr, Esq. The Rev, Mr. Brookman held the position of 
Rector for several years; he was succeeded by the Rev. O. J. Booth, who 
remained in charge until 1886, when he left St. Catharines, having received a 
call to the Church of Ascension, Buffalo. The Rev. W. J. Armitage was appoint 
ed to the vacancy, which he has held most acceptably up to the present. It is 
curious to note as a feature of modern Church life, that the Parish of Christ s 
Church during its comparatively short life of twenty years has had as many 
Rectors as St. George s Church during the whole of its Jubilee period; but even 
St. George s Church is far less noteworthy in this respect than old St. Marks , 
Niagara, where for a period of one hundred years, there have only been three 
Rectors in charge. Our Church evidently contemplates a resident ministry 
with all its wealth of family and, other associations, but the spirit of the age is 
manifestly tending in an opposite direction, and we cannot help thinking that 
the tendency is not a healthy one However, on this as on some other 
questions, opinions are likely to be divided. 

The founding of the Parish of Christ s Church was rapidly followed by 
another division, and it appears from the minutes of Vestry, that the bound 
aries of a new district for St. Barnabas were settled in 1879, so that where 
twenty years ago we had only one English Church building we have now 
four. 

In Dr. Atkinson s time our Church accommodation was totally inade 
quate : to-day it is more than ample for our present or prospective needs. 






55- 

Even should this city grow in the future the Church accommodation will be 
well abreast of its requirements for a long time to come, but should the city 
continue to decline in that case, "sufficient unto the day is the evil thereof." 

But to return to the history of St. George s Parish proper. It will be 
recollected that when Dr. Atkinson resigned in 1864, the Parish was financi 
ally on "a sound and permanent basis," and yet about eighteen months after 
wards we find the Rev. Mr. Holland in an address "to the members of the 
Congregation" declaring that the financial condition of the Parish is, "such 
as to excite serious apprehensions on the part of the Churchwardens, lest they 
should be unable to meet the liabilities of the Church, and should further, at 
the end of their term of office, be compelled to leave the Parish under a con 
siderable burden of debt ; at their request I beg leave to bring the matter 
under your notice, and at the same time to point out an obvious and simple 
method by which you may relieve them from their present embarrassing 
position." Mr. Holland then proceeds to give some very wholesome advice 
on the subject of Church finances, which is as much to the point to-day as it 
was thirty years ago. 

He says the whole difficulty might be readily obviated if each member 
of the Congregation could be induced to take a proper interest in a matter 
which so nearly concerns the spiritual welfare of himself and his family, and 
to make the very small sacrifice which the exigency of the occasion seems to 
demand. Let the Sunday offertory be raised to such an amount as an aver 
age contribution of Twenty-five Cents per week from each family of the Con 
gregation would produce. The Churchwardens believe that there are few 
among the Pewholders who could not easily contribute this small sum, while 
there are many who might give double or fourfold the amount without de 
priving themselves of a single indulgence. No money is so well bestowed as 
that which is employed in providing for the maintenance of Divine worship, 
and the keeping in decent repair of the house which God has been pleased to 
call His dwelling-place. Amongst those who occupy free seats in the Church, 
there are also many more than at present do so, who might and ought to 
contribute their stated weekly offering, even though it were small in amount. 
"None shall appear before me empty," was the Divine rule under the law. 
That laid.down in the New Testament is equally definite : "Upon the first 
day of the week let every one of you lay by him in store as God hath prospered 



5 6. 

him." Acting upon this rule, and mindful of the stewardship he holds from 
God, let each member of the Congregation determine, as in God s presence, 
the amount which he may reasonably be expected to contribute towards so 
important an object ; and if detained at home on any Sunday, by sickness or 
any such impediment, let him religiously put aside the amount, and add it to 
the following Sunday s contribution. Were such a plan generally adopted, 
the Offertory would be so increased as that the aggregate income of the Parish 
would suffice to meet all its expenses, and the necessity for special appeals for 
funds for this purpose would be removed. Such enlarged contributions 
would beget an increased interest in the Church and all that concerns it ; 
and being moreover voluntary offerings, would bring with them the blessing 
of Him who "loveth the cheerful giver," and who hath promised that "he 
that soweth plenteously shall reap plenteously." 

It is fair to say that the above observations are well worthy of our best 
attention. The difficulty however, to which Mr. Holland refers crops up so 
repeatedly that it may be looked upon as chronic during the whole period of 
his regime, and curiously enough on the gth of June, 1884, it was at a meeting 
called to consider how best to make income and expenditure balance that 
Mr. Holland s signature gives us the first unmistakable evidence of weakening 
physical powers, and consequently, we are not surprised when we learn from 
the Churchwardens, Messrs. Senkler and Carlisle, on the i6th of December 
1884, that they had received a letter from Mr. Holland, stating that prolonged 
ill-health compels him to retire from the active discharge of the duties of his 
office, and offering to withdraw in favor of "a priest in charge." The terms 
proposed by Mr. Holland and cheerfully accepted by the Vestry, were 
certainly not unreasonable in the face of his twenty years service ; he was 
simply to retain the use of the Rectory and the small Glebe endowment 
attached to it during his life time. This arrangement was formally ratified 
and at the close of the meeting a resolution was moved by Mr. Arnold and 
seconded by Mr. Holmes, expressing sincere regret at the causes which had 
compelled the Rector to resign the active duties of his office. Thus at the 
expiration of another twenty years St. George s Parish was again practically 
vacant, but no serious inconvenience was likely to arise. Two presbyters of 
the Diocese formally applied for the position, but it was ultimately given to 
the Rev. E. M. Bland of Ingersoll, Diocese of Huron; who had been taking 
temporary duty in the Parish. 



57- 

The Rev. Mr. Holland lingered some three years after retirement, but he 
was little better than a wreck of his former self. A graduate of Cambridge, 
he was ordained, in 1841, to a curacy in the mining region where he spent 
three years. On the invitation of the Bishop of British Guiana he resigned 
his English charge, and proceeded to that colony, and was appointed to 
the curacy of All Saints, in the town of New Amsterdam, where he remained 
for six years, but was compelled to leave on account of ill health. In 1849 he 
visited Canada and the Bishop of Toronto offered him the Mission of Tyr- 
connel, which he accepted, and in that remote Mission he labored faithfully 
for nearly ten years.. When Huron was set off as a separate Diocese the Bishop 
of Toronto offered Mr. Holland, Fort Erie, where he labored until his appoint 
ment to this Parish. It will be seen from these facts that Mr. Holland had 
been in the ministry for some forty-seven years, nearly half of which he spent 
in this Parish. 

The Rev. Mr. Holland s life and work in St. Catharines are comparatively 
recent, and sufficient time has hardly elapsed to justify any one, still less his 
successor in office, in expressing an opinion upon his twenty years of active 
service; when, however, the time comes for making such an estimate if it ever 
does come it will be well to remember that when Mr. Holland took charge of 
this Parish he was broken in health, and there is nothing to lead me to sup 
pose that his health was ever rehabilitated. Mr. Holland was, however, a 
typical churchman of a school that is all too rapidly vanishing. His 
learning was solid rather than brilliant, and if he possessed less of that mag 
netic influence which was so marked a characteristic of his distinguished 
predecessor, he was not less at every point a devout Christian and a courteous 
English gentleman. The character of such a man is so well balanced, and its 
harmonies so subtle that it has to be known in the true light of its own 
privacy to be fully appreciated. On the other hand, it may be readily mis 
understood, for the modest shrinking into one s own personality is liable to create 
an impression of coldness and diffidence of manner to be looked upon as 
hauteur. Mr. Holland s heart was in his work and being blessed with large 
private means he was a liberal giver. Compulsory retirement from the active 
duties of his office gave him a blow that but few could fully appreciate. 

Writing to Mr. and Mrs. Elmslie, who I am glad to say are still with us, 
on the loth of March, 1883, he gives free expression to his sentiments 



58. 

in the following words : "It is a real grief to me, the being unable 
to discharge the duties of my office and to go in and out among my 
people ; but the pain and disappointment are mitigated by the affectionate 
feeling manifested towards me, by not a few of my Congregation and by none 
more warmly than yourselves. I look forward to the return of Spring with 
anxious anticipation, hoping that the warm weather will set me comparatively 
free again ; meanwhile, I trust, I am remembered by you also in your prayers, 
that this affliction may be a means of spiritual improvement to me, and that 
if I am again permitted to speak to you all the word of life from the pulpit of 
St. George s Church, it may be with more unction and benefit to the hearers, 
as St. Paul expresses it in II Cor. I. "whether we be afflicted it is for your 
consolation and salvation," so may it be in my case. I feel very deeply, I 
assure you, how very far short I have in past time come of my duty as a 
minister of Christ, and I trust that the comparative retirement which is 
allotted to me has not been without its benefit in leading to self-examination 
and resolutions of amendment." 

A letter like the above throws a flood of light upon the simple, unaffected 
and, I may add, retiring piety of a man who for nearly half a century had 
ministered in holy things before the Lord. The materials are far too scanty 
to enable us to speak of Mr. Holland s theological views with absolute confi 
dence : but the probabilities are that it would be quite safe to place him 
among the old-time High Churchmen, whose loyalty to the Reformed Church 
of England, the Book of Common Prayer, and the XXXIX Articles, is in such 
painful contrast to the doctrines and practices of those who, without sufficient 
warrant, claim to be their legitimate successors. In a sermon preached in con 
nection with the opening of St. Barnabas Mission Chapel, from the words : 
"I speak unto wise men ; judge ye what I say" he makes use of the following 
unequivocal language: 

"Next, Divine Service in this Church will be celebrated in strict accor 
dance with the instructions of the Book of Common Prayer, as interpreted by 
the great body of the Bishops and Clergy of the English Church, in distinction 
from those who desire to introduce into Divine Service a ceremonial long un 
known in the practice of the Church of England. I wish to be very clearly 
understood upon this point. I gladly avail myself of this opportunity of dis 
claiming any sympathy with those who, on whatever plea, by the introduction 






59- 

of a ceremonial closely resembling that of the Church of Rome, and by 
teachings, as I believe, drawn from Mediaeval rather than from Primitive 
sources, would deprive the Church of England of her character as a Reformed 
branch of the Church. Particularly, very careful examination has convinced 
me that the doctrine which I have myself heard propounded by some of those 
to whom I allude, respecting the holy sacrament of the body and blood of 
Christ, and from which their whole system of teaching radiates, is not that of 
the Book of Common Prayer. HENCE I CANNOT BUT REGARD BOTH THEIR 

TEACHING AND THEIR PRACTICE AS EQUALLY INCONSISTENT WITH LOYALTY 

TO THE CHURCH OF ENGLAND AND DANGEROUS TO THOSE WHO EMBRACE IT " 

Mr. Holland is not less emphatic in his repudiation of those who cavil 
at what they are pleased to term "the Popery of the Prayer Book." 

"But while on the one hand," says Mr. Holland, "unhesitatingly avowing 
the above conviction, on the other hand I as unhesitatingly declare my cordial 
acceptance of the whole body of the teaching of the Church of England as 
contained in the Prayer Book and recently affirmed by the Synod of this new 
Diocese. I recognize .therein no germs of Popery requiring to be purged out. 
I receive its teaching in its plain, literal sense, without evasion or mental 
reserve. I thank God for the possession of what I feel to be a safe guide in the 
interpretation of Holy Scripture. It is clearly understood by those who are 
associated with me in the enterprise connected with this Chapel, that on these 
principles will the services in it be regulated, and that on this understanding 
only do we seek the co-operation of*others. With respect to the manner of 
performing Divine Service, there can be no doubt that long usage has so far 
given a sanction to the method that now generally prevails of reading the 
prayers, that, WHERE IT is THE ESTABLISHED CUSTOM AND THE MAJORITY 

OF THE CONGREGATION PREFER IT, IT IS THE PLAIN DUTY OF THE CLERGYMAN 
TO ADHERE TO IT." (Sermon pp 4, 5, & 6, Bixby, St. Catharines, 1875.) 

Such a declaration as the above is perfectly unexceptionable, but how far 
it was adhered to in the practical life of the Parish, we are not now called 
upon to discuss. 

The declaration of principles on the part of the newly formed Synod of 
the Diocese of Niagara, to which Mr. Holland makes reference, is also impor 
tant and will bear reproduction. It is in the following words : "We desire 



6o. 

that the Church in the Dominion of Canada shall continue as it has been an 
integral portion of the Church of England. As members of that Church we 
recognize the true Canon of Holy Scripture as received by that Church, to be 
the rule and standard of faith. We acknowledge the Book of Common 
Prayer and Sacraments, together with the Thirty-nine Articles of Religion, to 
be the true and faithful declaration of the doctrines contained in Holy 
Scripture. We maintain the form of Church Government by Bishops, 
Priests and Deacons, as Scriptural and Apostolical, and we declare our firm 
and unaminous resolution in dependence on Divine aid, to preserve those 
doctrines and that form of Church Government, and to transmit them un 
impaired to our posterity. In particular we uphold the ancient doctrine of 
our Church, that the Queen is rightly possessed of the chief government 
or supremacy over all persons within her Dominions, in ail causes whether 
ecclesiastical or civil, and we desire that such supremacy should continue 
unimpaired." 

Those within the Church who are seeking to render all these principles 
nugatory have em barked upon an undertaking of a very, grave character, and 
one likely to be pregnant with disastrous results. But we must not dwell 
upon these matters, save to express the hope that the Great Head of the 
Church, may be pleased to heal "our unhappy divisions" and to guide us into 
the possession of all necessary truth. 

But to return. As we have already intimated, Mr. Holland s health which 
had been so for long a time in such a precarious condition, gradually grew 
worse ; the clear mental grasp became relaxed, and finally on Tuesday, 
January gth, 1888, he entered into rest: 

"The strife is o er, the battle done, 
The victory of life is won, 
The song of triumph has begun. 

Alleluia." 

It was his own wish to rest among his former parishioners in the 
"God Acre" hard by to this city, to which during his incumbency of this 
Parish hardly less than 600 bodies had been consigned. Seven hundred 
and seventy-two graves mark the span of Dr. Atkinson s Rectorship in 
this Parish, so that the story of death is an ever present incident in our 
parochial life and one with which we must always reckon. 



About ii. 30 a. m,, on Thursday, January nth, 1888, the mortal remains 
of Mr. Holland were carried into the Church to which close on a quarter of 
a century previously he had been appointed Rector. The familiar form was 
never more to be seen in this Sanctuary, but 

"What though he standeth at no earthly altar, 
Yet in white raiment, on the golden floor, 
Where love is perfect and no step can falter, 
He serveth as a Priest for evermore. 
He is not dead, but only lieth sleeping 
In the sweet refuge of the Master s breast, 
And far away from sorrow, toil and weeping, 
He is not dead, but only taking rest." 

The Very Rev. Dean Geddes delivered an address full of hope and 
spiritual consolation, and the remains were then reverently carried to their last 
resting place, in sure and certain hope of the Resurrection to Eternal Life 
through Jesus Christ our Lord. 

A brass Memorial Cross the gift we believe of Mrs. Holland standing 
back of the Communion table, reminds the worshippers in St. George s Church 
that for almost a quarter of a Century the Reverend Henry Holland ministered 
to this Congregation in spiritual things, and that he closed a spotless life in 
the Master s Service. It bears engraven upon its circular base the following 
words : 



IN LOVING MEMORY OF 



HENRY HOLLAND, PRIEST, 



WHO ENTERED INTO REST 



JANUARY QTH, 1888. 



62. 



glaqd 



We have now reached a period in the Parochial History which is so well 
within the memory of all those present at this Jubilee Service, that any ex 
tended comment on my part is not only uncalled for, but would be more or less 
out of place. It will, however, be recollected that when Mr. Holland deter 
mined to give up the active work of his ministry in the Parish, that arrange 
ments were made for the duty to be carried on by a "Priest in Charge." As 
already intimated, the choice of the Vestry fell upon a gentleman outside the 
Diocese of Niagara, namely, the Rev. E. M. Bland, then Rector of St. James 
Church, Ingersoll, a charge which he had held for some seven or eight years, and 
where he has still a large number of warm personal friends. 

During the period of Mr. Holland s enforced retirement, Mr. Bland ap 
plied himself vigorously to the work of Parish organization and development. 
The Church was improved at considerable expense, and the Rectory which 
stood badly in need of renovation, was completely overhauled at a cost of some 
$1500. Details, on points such as these, possess no special interest and we 
content ourselves with merely mentioning the facts. 

We hurry forward, however, to the year 1887, when St. George s Con 
gregation with loyal enthusiasm, resolved to celebrate the "Jubilee" of Our 
Gracious Queen. It took practical shape, and a Chime of Bells was placed 
in the Tower of the Church. The Bells were formally dedicated a few months 
later on. 

The Jubilee was loyally observed in St. Catharines as far as St. George s 
was concerned, and the Festival Cantata "Ruth," by the combined city choirs, 
on Monday June 2oth, was greeted by an immense Congregation, who, when 
.the Church was full, were fain to stand at the windows and listen to the music 
there. 

The offering on that occasion for the Jubilee Bell, amounted to $203,56, 
which was subsequently raised to upwards of $260. 



63- 

Speaking of the Chimes reminds us to say that much regret was felt, by 
not a few members of the Congregation, at the fact that the old bell had to 
vacate its place for the new ones. The Parish Magazine voiced the general 
feeling in the following words : 

"The Bell which has called not only the Congregation of St. George s, 
but every Congregation in the city to worship for the past forty years, that 
has faithfully rung the call to prayer on Lord s-day and week-day ; feast and 
fast ; through storm and shine ; through heat and cold ; that has pealed in 
joy for the wedding and tolled in solemn notes for the dead, is now tongueless- 
silent, lowered in the dust, never more to swing its sonorous melodies over 
St. Catharines, and many a sigh born of deep sentiment is whispered over it 
as it lies there under the shadow of the Church it has served so long, awaiting 
consignment to another sphere of usefulness ; or perhaps to be committed 
once more to the furnace thence to emerge with new notes of song, new 
power, and new brightness." 

In the Advent of 1887, the bells were formally dedicated by Bishop 
Hamilton, and after a short peal had been rung upon them the following 
hymn was sung : 

Lift them gently to the steeple, 

Let our bells be set on high; 
There fulfil their daily mission, 

Midway twixt the earth and sky. 
As the birds sing early matins 

To the God of Nature s praise, 
These their nobler daily music 

To the God of Grace shall raise. 

And when evening shadows soften 

Chancel, Cross and tower and aisle, 
They shall blend their Vesper summons 

With the day s departing smile. 
Christian men shall hear at distance, 

In their toil or in their rest, 
Joying that in one Communion 

Of one Church they, too, are blest. 

They that on the sick bed languish, 

Full of weariness and woe, 
Shall remember that for them, too, 

Holy Church is gathering so. 
Year by year the steeple music 

O er the tender graves shall pour, 
Where the dust of Saints is garnered, 

Till the Master comes once more. 



64- 

Till the day of sheaves ingathering, 

Till the harvest of the earth, 
Till the Saints rise in their order, 

Glorious in their second birth. 
Till Jerusalem beholding 

That His glory in the East 
Shall, at the Archangel s trumpet, 

Enter in to keep the feast. 

Lift them gently to the steeple, 

Let our bells be set on high; 
There fulfil their daily mission 

Midway twixt the earth and sky. 
Christ, to Thee the world s salvation! 

Father, Spirit, unto Thee! 
Low we bend in adoration, 

Ever blessed One and Three. AMEN. 

An original hymn was also kindly sent by the Rev. Chas. Hutchins, of 
Medford, Mass, entitled : 

DEDICATION OF CHURCH BELLS. 

Raised between the earth and heaven, 

Now our bells are set on high; 
In the Name of Him who giveth 

Skill and strength and industry. 

For His praise we meekly lay them 

As a gift beneath His throne; 
All their sweet and noblest music 

Shall resound for Him alone. 

Faithful men afar shall listen, 

Mid their daily toil or rest, 
While the melody shall bid them 

Love the Church where all are blest. 

Earth s rejoicings, bright and holy, 

Shall be signed with joyful peal; 
And the music from the steeple 

Styall our faith and love reveal. 

They who languish, sick and lonely, 

Shall be minded as they sigh, 
Of the Church s one communion, 

God s true home and family. 

When the spirits of the faithful 

Pass away to light and peace, 
Solemn tones shall then forewarn us 

Soon our life and work must cease. 

May their loud and well-tuned voices 

Pealing forth in grand accord, 
Lift our hearts through joy and sorrow 

To Thy throne, Most Gracious Lord. 

Glory be from earth and heaven 

To the Blessed Trinity; 
Father, Son and Holy Spirit, 

Glory evermore to Thee. AMEN. 



65- 



A brass tablet in the Vestibule of the Church records the chief facts 

* 

connected with the bells in permanent form. 



To THE GLORY OF GOD, COMMEMORATING THE JlJBI- 

LEE OF QUEEN VICTORIA, A. D. 1837-87. 

G 
OLD ST. GEORGE, A. D. 1847. RECAST 1887. 

A 

GIVEN BY HIS WIFE IN LOVING MEMORY OF JAMES 

TAYLOR. BORN 1819; DIED 1886. 

B 

IN LOVING MEMORY OF WlLLIAM HENRY MlLLER. 

DIED APRIL STH, 1886; AGED 42 YEARS. 
C 

GIVEN BY HER CHILDREN IN LOVING MEMORY OF 

FLORA BATE, A. D. 1883. 

D 

WILLIAM HARVEY ENTERED INTO REST MARCH 
28, A. D. 1847. 

E 
ALL SAINTS DAY, A. D. 1887. 

F 
THE CHILDREN S BELL, A. D. 1887. 

F 

CARRIE B. COLLINSON. A THANK OFFERING 
FEBRUARY, A. D. 1887. 



66. 

It would appear that the difficulty which was never entirely absent since 
the year when Mr. Holland made his first appeal, was again making itself felt, 
and in the month of October, 1887, a series of very important meetings were 
held by the Vestry and the Advisory Board, looking towards a readjustment 
of the Church Finances, in an increase of the income and reduction of the 
expenditure. With this object an active house-to-house and individual can 
vas was prosecuted by a committee of gentlemen, whose labors were chiefly 
directed towards increasing the weekly offerings by the systematic means of 
the envelope pledges, and who were also to receive donations for the immedi 
ate payment of outstanding accounts. "In view of these pressing liabilities 
of income and expenditure " says the Parish Magazine, "and as the Rectory 
debt has been reduced to $600, and is well secured, the Advisory Board have 
decided to ask the Guild House-to-House Chapter to discontinue their labors 
for the present, and hope that all who have hitherto contributed through this 
source will be prevailed upon to continue giving the same amount, only in 
weekly in place of monthly instalments. A general united effort, now ac 
quiesced in by the whole Parish, will place our Church not merely in a satis 
factory financial position, but, looking higher than that, will put her in the 
position that the Church ought to be, in the sight of God ; for a Church in 
constant debt can not be a Church after God s own heart, and the Christian 
Church should seek to show forth for the example of others, the highest em 
bodiment of the Scriptural precept "Owe no man any thing but to love one 
another." We have no means of discovering what success attended this 
judicious arrangement. 

The following year (1888), had just opened when Mr. Holland 
was called away, and a few days after his interment, namely, on 
the iyth January, 1888, a meeting of the Congregation was held when 
in was moved and seconded: "That his Lordship the Bishop be respectfully 
requested to appoint Rev. E. M. Bland, Rector of this Parish; that the 
Churchwardens and Lay Delegates be requested to take the earliest 
opportunity of forwarding to his Lordship a copy of this resolution." There 
was no reason why the appointment should be delayed and as a matter of fact 
no unnecessary delay occurred. Mr. Bland was permanently appointed in 
compliance with the wishes of the congregation, and was duly inducted on 
Tuesday 28th, March, 1888, by the Yen. William McMurray.D.D., D.C.L., 



67. 

Archdeacon of Niagara, Messrs. Ellis and Guiton being the Churchwardens. 

Sometime during the year 1888, it was deemed advisable to take a very 
important step in the establishment of a Cottage Home, and it was evidently 
pushed on with much vigor, for in the month of November, Miss Arnold 
presented the following report : 

"Our Cottage Home in connection with St. George s Church, and under 
the supervision of the Rector, is now thoroughly organized, at No. 12 Geneva 
street, with accommodation for three men and three women, in addition to 
the matron and her assistant. 

A large and well chosen Committee of the Visitors Chapter of St. George s 
Guild has been appointed: the Head of which, Mrs. R. Miller is fully capable 
of suggesting and carrying out plans for the future comfort and welfare of its 
inmates. A home such as this for the aged poor must claim the sympathy of 
all Christian people. Although our numbers are as yet small, in consequence 
of not having sufficient accommodation, we trust in another year to carry out 
our scheme on a larger scale, and by that means will not confine ourselves to 
members of our own Church, since we feel that charity to the poor should 
be widely extended to all denominations. Those we have at present admitted 
most fully appreciate the efforts made by the matron of the institution (a 
most efficient woman carefully selected for the purpose) in providing for their 
comfort, It is most gratifying to learn this and to feel that they are capable 
of drawing the contrast between their old lives of squalid misery and their 
present warmth and cleanliness. 

It has long been the wish of the Rector to establish a Home such as this, 
and as his wish has been carried out in the hearty co-operation of those con 
nected with him, we trust it may be a success, and that now as well as in the 
future his effort will be blessed, and that more than earthly aid will be con 
tributed to so earnest and heartfelt an undertaking. 

There are other homes in St. Catharines but none that can so directly 
appeal to our best feelings. All poor enlist our sympathy, but how much more 
the aged, those who are beyond helping themselves and who have arrived at 
that time of life when the sad thought suggests itself, "None careth for me." 

The following were the officers of the Home and constituted the Visitors 
Chapter of the Guild : Mrs. Wright, Matron; Mrs. R. Miller, Head; Mrs. 
Harvey, Deputy; Miss G. E. B. Bate, Treasurer; Miss Arnold, Secretary. 



68. 

Committee Mrs. Woodruff, Mrs. Haynes, Mrs. Neelon, Mrs. R, 
Woodruff, Mrs. Dougan, Mrs. Bland, Mrs. J. Clench. Miss Walker, Miss 
Greenwood, Miss M. Bate, Miss Harris, Miss A. Hare. 

There can be no doubt that the "Cottage Home" had in the above ladies 
all the materials that go to make up success, but we anticipate that it was 
found to be a much heavier load than the founders had anticipated, for it was 
soon afterwards abandoned; indeed, with an excellent "General Hospital" 
and comparatively small population, it is an open question if there was at any 
time a pressing need for the Cottage Home ; still it was a well meant effort to 
alleviate distress and as such merits notice and commendation. 

The year 1889 was destined to have an important influence upon the 
destinies of this Parish. The vacancy created by the resignation of Dr. Mock- 
ridge, acting Rector of the Christ Church Cathedral, Hamilton, rendered a new 
appointment necessary, and among those to whom the position was offered 
was your late Rector ; he declined the appointment in the first instance but 
was subsequently led to reconsider the matter and ultimately to accept, 
and on the i5th of July, 1889, the Rev. Mr. Bland, announced to a special 
meeting of this Vestry, that he was about to sever his connection with the 
Parish, to accept the position of Rector in Charge of fhe Cathedral, Hamilton. 

His valedictory address which we reproduce, appeared during the month 
of August, He said : 

My Dear Brethren : As already announced through the medium of the 
Special Vestry Meeting on July i5th, I am about to sever my brief connection 
with this Parish, having been for the second time urged to accept the position 
of Rector in Charge of the Cathedral at Hamilton, an invitation which, 
while I declined when first offered to me in March last, I did not feel justified 
in putting from me the second time ; especially as the matter has been pressed 
upon me by the members of that Congregation and many of my brother clergy 
as being my duty to the Church at large, as well as to that large and impor 
tant Parish. 

I trust that you will believe me when I say that it will not be without 
regrets that I shall conclude my four-and-a-half years of ministry among 
you, during which I have received much encouragement and have been per 
mitted to see marked signs of progress. Especially shall I cherish feelings of 



6g. 

the kindest nature towards the members of St. George s Guild, who have 
been, in every department, my loyal fellow- workers, and who will, I feel con 
fident, afford to my successor the same sympathy and co-operation that they 
have ever given to me, respecting not so much the man as the office towards 
which they must be ever loyally and faithfully disposed. Most generous 
efforts have been made to induce me to reconsider my determination efforts 
which have rendered it very painful for me to persist, as I am made to feel by 
them that I am causing pain by my removal, but I want to set before 
myself and you the law of duty and ask your constant prayers that I 
may be able to fulfil it wherever it pleases God to place me. I purpose to 
return to you the last week in August and shall have two Sundays more in St. 
George s, after which I must attend the meeting of Provincial Synod in 
Montreal, and thence return to assume my new work definitely at the 
Cathedral. I trust that though our connection be severed, our relations will 
not be, but that we may mutually feel that there are ties between us that 
neither time rior distance can dissolve ; and may you find in my successor one 
more worthy and better able to lead you faithfully and consistently in the 
paths of righteousness. 

Be assured that St. George s will ever have my earnest prayers and best 
wishes for its constant welfare, and belive me to be, 

Yours very faithfully in Christ Jesus, 

EDWARD M. BLAND. 

He had officially guided the destinies of the Parish for four-and-a-half 
years, and for a portion of that time was Rector, not merely dc facto but de 
jure. During the course of his Incumbency Mr. Bland made commendable 
efforts to keep alive a most useful Parish help, in the shape of a localized 
Magazine, but the results were not encouraging, and he gives frank expression 
to his disappointment in the following words : "It was much hoped that there 
would be an increase of subscribers this year ( 89), but there is, unfortunately, 
such a minimum of interest taken in our Parish Magazine, that it has been impos 
sible to carry it on without financial loss to the editor. It is this lack of esprit dc 
corps, of determination to stand by parochial institutions because they are part 
of the Parish, that is a great hindrance to St. George s ; we stand alone from 
each other as units instead of combining, even at the risk of a little personal 
self-sacrifice, for the common welfare. Now, more than ever we should up- 



7 o. 

hold the principle of the old motto "United we stand, divided we fall." So 
many of us stand by to criticize when we ought to fall into line and work, 
and when the critical time comes it is often too late for action and we are 
"sorry we did not realize it sooner." 

These disappointments to which Mr. Bland was subject and the lack of 
interest on the part of those who might help are, unfortunately, not by any 
means a rare experience, although their lack of rarity does not greatly 
diminish from their bitterness. 

Mr. Bland, as Rector of the Cathedral, has entered upon a wide sphere 
of we hope, useful work, and we join with his friends in wishing him every 
prosperity, and an abundant success in all his labors, begun, continued and 
ended in, and for, the cause of our dear Lord and Master Jesus Christ. 



of t^e ^reseqt Rector. 



The vacancy created by Mr. Eland s resignation produced a regrettable 
conflict between the Episcopal and Parochial authorities, which fortunately 
was attended with fewer injurious results than might have been anticipated. 
These events are too recent to need detailed reference, and our duty now is to 
deal with them simply as part of the current history of the Church lying 
distinctly within its Jubilee limits. 

About the closing days of July, 1889, the present Rector of St. George s 
Church, held a similar position in St. James Church, Ingersoll, Diocese of 
Huron, but at the date in question he was in New York City, and in 
temporary charge of St. John s Church, Staten Island. About that time, and 
subsequently, he received letters from the Churchwardens of this Parish 
inviting him to come and take duty for one or more Sundays in St. George s 
Church; positively declining to do this he was afterwards urged to permit 
his name to be brought before the Vestry and Congregation as a possible 
candidate, but again he felt obliged to decline and here he hoped the matter had 
ended, so far as he was personally concerned, for being happily situated 
in Ingersoll, as he was, he could see no sufficient reason for disturbing 
the pleasant relations existing between himself and the Congregation of St. 
James Church in that place; and accordingly, he felt unable to accept the 
honor which the official representatives of this Church were desirous of con. 
ferring upon him. 

There were, however, a great many applicants for this parish, and among 
them not a few whose length of service in the Church and Diocese unquestion 
ably gave them a strong claim to recognition ; add to this, that the Bishop 
was necessarily anxious to secure their appointment. It is not needful to 
mention the names of those gentlemen who were so strongly recommended and 



7 2. 

any one of whom, would, we doubt not, have been in every respect 
suitable for this, or indeed for any other position in the Diocese ; 
but experience goes to prove that it is exceedingly difficult to make 
ecclesiastical appointments upon equitable lines. Among others who ap 
peared in the list of candidates was the Rev. James Roy, a Presbyter 
of the Diocese of Toronto, and a gentleman of undoubted ability. 
He took duty in this Church on Sundays i5th, 22nd and 2Qth of September, 
1889, and with such general acceptance to the Congregation, that at a meeting 
of the Vestry, held Monday evening, September 3oth, a memorial was pre 
sented, signed by 102 members of the congregation requesting Dr. Roy s 
appointment. In furtherance of the wishes of the memorialists, the Lay 
Delegates and Churchwardens were instructed to nominate Dr. Roy for the 
position of Rector. There is evidence that the Lay Delegates or some of 
them were opposed to Dr. Roy s appointment, but on what grounds we have 
no means of judging ; at any rate, negotiations were promptly opened with 
His Lordship the Bishop, although but little progress was made for several 
weeks. 

The 26th article of the Constitution, of the Diocese of Niagara, reads as 
follows: "The patronage of Rectories and parishes shall be placed in the 
hands of His Lordship the Bishop of the Diocese, on the understanding that 
His Lordship will make no appointment without consultation being first held 
with the Churchwardens and Lay Representatives of the vacant Parish." 

It was owing to the conflicting interpretations put upon the above Canon 
that the trouble became so intensified. The regular quarterly meeting of the 
Vestry was held on the i8th October, 1889, and we give the following 
report which appeared at the time in the public press :- 

"The trouble that has been brewing in St. George s Episcopal Church 
for some time past over the appointment of a Rector to succeed Mr. Bland 
has assumed quite an interesting phase as the resolutions passed at Friday 
night s Vestry meeting will show. 

Mr. Fowler acted as chairman and reported to the meeting the failure of 
the deputation to Hamilton and the refusal of the Bishop to appoint Rev 
Dr. Roy (the congregation s choice) to the vacancy, and. the Bishop also 
refused to give the delegates the name of his nominee 



73- 

Moved by Mr. J. Clench, and seconded by Mr. Geo. Cook : 
That, whereas at the last Vestry meeting of St. George s Church a reso 
lution was passed by a large majority instructing our Churchwardens and 
Lay Representatives to support the appointment of Rev. Jas. Roy as Rector 
of St. George s Church, and whereas a requisition to the same effect was also 
signed by 102 members of the congregation, embracing over four-fifths of the 
pews and sittings in the Church, and whereas we are informed that Win. 
Ellis and Josiah Holmes, while assuming to act as legal representatives, 
instead of supporting the wishes of the congregation, strenuously opposed the 
same before the Bishop. Be it resolved that in the opinion of this Vestry the 
conduct of the said Ellis and Holmes has been a gross violation of their duty 
and a breach of the trust reposed in them by this congregation, and they are 
hereby called upon to resign a position which they have shown themselves 
unworthy of filling. 

Carried Yeas, 54 ; nays, 18. 

Moved by Judge Senkler, seconded by Mr. J. W. Coy : 

That whereas the Churchwardens have reported to this meeting that His 
Lordship has expressed himself as disinclined to carry into effect the wishes 
of this congregation and appoint the Rev. Dr. Roy, that this meeting expresses 
its full confidence in Dr. Roy, and its anxious wish that he should be ap 
pointed, and that the Churchwardens and Lay Representatives are instructed 
to press upon His Lordship that such appointment be made, and that it is 
our opinion that the refusal of His Lordship will entail the most serious 
consequences upon St. George s Church and its congregation. 

Carried Yeas, 54 ; nays 22. 

On motion of Mr. W. H. Charles, seconded by Mr. J. W. Johnson, Judge 
Senkler and Messrs. S. D. Woodruff. J. P. Merritt, Capt. Neelon, J. W. Coy, 
Johnson Clench, H. A. King, and W. H. Collinson were appointed a committee 
with whom the Churchwardens may consult in an emergency, and upon 
whose advice they may act. Carried. 

Moved by Mr. J. Clench, seconded by Mr, H. A. King : 

That the stipend of the incoming Rector of St. George s Church be reduced 
to the sum of $i per year, to take effect from the date of his appointment by 
the Bishop." 



74- 

Several meetings were subsequently held and many interviews had with 
the Bishop, but it became painfully evident that no arrangement mutually 
satisfactory to all the parties concerned could be arrived at. 

About the end of October. 1889, communication was again opened with 
Mr. Ker, upon whom it was urged that the wider interests of the Church 
might be fairly considered and that his acceptance of the Rectorship would 
be likely to smooth over existing difficulties, and give the Congregation what 
it sorely needed, namely, the restoration of peace and harmony; and while 
this view of the situation had unquestionably great weight with him, he never 
theless felt compelled to telegraph the Wardens so late as the 3oth November, 
1889, that he must positively decline to give any pledge that he would then, or 
subsequently accept the Rectorship, even though it were offered unanimously, 
at the same time fully recognizing the honor done him in pressing such 
an important position upon his acceptance. 

In the meantime the following petition was circulated and largely signed. 
As a record of the state of matters in this Parish when the present Rector 
was invited to assume charge, it is a significantly interesting document. 

TO HIS LORDSHIP, THE BISHOP OF NIAGARA : 
We, the undersigned pewholders and members of St. George s Church, 
St. Catharines, respectfully represent to your Lordship the following facts : 
Our Church has been for sometime past in a very unsettled state and our 
Congregation has been growing smaller, and our members are attending other 
churches or abstaining from attending their own. 

Owing to the refusal of your Lordship to appoint the Rev. Dr. Roy to 
fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of the Rev. Mr. Bland, as requested 
by a large majority of the Congregation, the members supporting Dr. Roy are 
grievously vexed, and there is great danger that our Congregation will become 
broken up, and our dissatisfied members arrayed in a warfare against any 
person your Lordship may name, unless sanctioned by the majority of our 
Congregation. 

In view of these facts and for the purpose of healing the differences which 
have arisen, and again uniting our Congregation and restoring peace, harmony 
and good-will among our members, we respectfully request your Lordship 
that in the event of your still refusing to appoint the Rev. Dr. Roy to fill the 











75- 




vacancy in our Church 


, caused by the resignation of the Rev. Mr. Bland, 


your Lordship will be 


pleased to appoint the Rev. 


Robert Ker, of Ingersoll, 


to the vacant position, 


we pledging ourselves to do 


all in our power to sustain 


him in the position and 


unite our members together 


again. 










And your petitioners will ever pray, &c.. 


Sylvester Neelon, 


T. B. Bate, 


Henry J. Taylor, 


Emily St. G. Bate, 


G. E. B. Bate, 


Frances Taylor, 


L. A. Taylor, 


Cecilia Bate, 


Mary Bate, 


T. B. Bate, jr., 


William Ellis, 


P. H. Guiton, 


(H. Yale, 


H. G. Hunt, 


John S. Carlisle,, 


F. S. Greenwood. M. D. Annie Dougan, 


M. Greenwood, 


M. Miller, 


C. M. Arnold, 


G. B. Towers, 


John Gwinner, v 


Ella S. H. Groves, 


Addie L. Fowler, 


S. S. Neelon, 


Emma King, v 


Mary King, 


D. D E. Potter, 


Geo. C. Carlisle, 


J. T. Groves, 


B. Schram, 


J^ W- Johnson, 


T. Morton, 


C. Chapman, 


F. Stinson, 


D. Bennett, 








M. B. Groves, 


N . Groves, 


N. V. Groves, 


H. M. Helliwell, 


H. J. Rolls, 


Thos. L. Rolls, 


M. Cairns, 


R. H. Smith, 


Mrs. R. H. Smith. 


Miss Anderson, 


Miss Austin, 


E. D. Dorr, 


W. H. Read. 


H. D. Carlisle, 


L. C. Helliwell, 


M. Helliwell, 


W. P. HelliweH, 


A. C. E. L. Brown. 


S. S. Cox, 


A. C. Carlisle, 


Mrs. Yale, 


Annie Walker, 


Emilie Grubs, 


Bessie Clark, 


Kate M. Coy, 


Tiliie Cort, 


A. N. Linsday, 


W. G. Maybee, 


G. M. Yale, 


F. W. Stinson, 


M. Swarthout, 


C. E. Read, 


E. A. Stinson, 


Annie E. Stinson, 


Tom Cambray, 


Mrs. j. Clark, 


Mary Cambray, 


K. Ellis, 


N. Hunt, 


L. Ross, 


K. Dunn, 


J. J. Trorey, 


Anna Lawrence, 


Nellie Ross, 


John S. Davis, 


M. C. Arnold, 


Mrs. Grubs, 


I. Woodruff, 


N. Woodruff, 


L.. Morton, 


Mary Phenix, 


A H. Taylor, 


A. P. Gwinner, 


M M. J. Harris, 



7 6. 

Mrs. J. S. Harris, W. H. Charles, M. A. Charles, 

Ina. Charles, Wilmina Laurence, Mrs. Cambray, 

Mrs. Waud, David Laurence, Eleanor King, 

M. King, Mrs. Millon, E, A. Jukes, 

Isabella Towers. 

Such was the position of matters on the 2nd of December 1889, when a 
special meeting of the Vestry was held for the purpose of coming to some 
final arrangement. An excellent spirit appeared to animate the meeting, and 
it was moved by Capt. Neelon, seconded by Judge Senkler : 

"That with a view of putting an end to the differences existing as to the 
appointment of the Rector for St. George s Church, this Vestry meeting 
recommends the appointment of the Rev. Robert Ker, and directs and requires 
the Lay Delegates and Wardens to press for his appointment." 

A further resolution at same meeting, appointed Judge Senkler, Messrs. 
S. D. Woodruff, S. Neelon, J. Clench. J. W.Coy, J. P. Merritt, H. A. King, G. 
C. Carlisle and W. H. Collinson, a committee to assist the Lay Delegates 
and Wardens in having the nomination ratified. 

Thus the dangers that had threatened this Parish were happily averted, 
and having regard to all the circumstances the present Rector felt that it only 
needed the authoritative voice of the Bishop of the Diocese to reach him, 
to enable him to give a definite answer to the call. The following letter came 
in due course : 

HAMILTON, December 31 st, 1889. 

My dear Mr. Ker : The Vestry and Lay Officials of St. George s Church, 
St. Catharines, have united in desiring to have you as their Rector, and I am 
ready to appoint you, if you are willing to accept. 

There is a very comfortable house, recently renewed, and the endowment 
yields a little over $300. What the people will give is unknown to me. 

In case you should desire to communicate with them, the names of the 
Wardens are J. B. Fowler, Esq. and Wm. B. Towers, Esq. 

The Parish has been vacant since August, so that it is important that the 
active supervision of an earnest Pastor should be afforded to them with as 
little delay as may be. 



77- 

I need not say that my good wishes will attend you in your new home 
and sphere of work, which will, I trust, be full of happiness for yourself, and 
health for your family. 

Believe me, yours very faithfully, 

CHARLES NIAGARA. 
The Rev. R. Ker, Ingersoll. 



Your Rector concurred most heartily with His Lordship in the necessity 
that existed for putting a speedy termination to the interregnum which had 
practically existed in the parish for nearly six months. A reply was immedi 
ately forwarded to the Lord Bishop, thanking him for his kindly letter offering 
us the Rectorship of this Parish, and expressing our personal appreciation of 
the honor conferred upon us in the nomination to one of the most important 
parishes in the Diocese, and we begged to assure his Lordship that no unneces 
sary delay would be made by us in reaching a decision. We then wrote your 
Churchwardens, informing them that the Lord Bishop of the Diocese had been 
good enough to honor us with an offer of the Rectorship of this important 
Parish, tfut that before reaching a definite conclusion on a matter of equal 
importance to them and us, we were most anxious to have the honor of a 
personal interview with the Churchwardens and other official representatives 
of the congregation. 



Such a meeting took place on the gth of January, 1890, when your 
Rector was met at the G. T. R. railway station, and cordially greeted by the 
Wardens, Lay Delegates and other prominent members of the Church. On 
arrival he found that he was to have the pleasure of meeting the Sunday 
School children at their annual entertainment. As a matter of interest we 
give the programme : 



78. 

ST. GEORGE S CHURCH SUNDAY SCHOOL ENTERTAINMENT. 

(Raymond Streeet.) 

On Thursday Evening, January gth, 1890. 
PROGRAMME. 



1 Carol 

2 Santa-Glaus, (A Comedy) 

3 Recitation . 

4 Instrumental Duet 

$ Dialogue . . , . 

6 Recitation 

7 Carol , 



T Address 

2 Song 

3 Recitation 

4 Dialogue 
- Song 

6 Carol 



1 Distribution of Prizes 

2 Fairy Scene Spectacular 

3 Carol 



- Sunday School, 

Infant Class, 

Birr Brown. 

Violet Towers and Florence Schram, 

Eva Ball and Jessie Southcott, 

Daisy Schram, 

... Sunday School. 



PART II. 



PART III. 



By Rev. Robert Ker. 

W. B. Towers, Jr. 

Bella Moors 

Four Girls and Two Boys. 

Richard Schram. 

Sunday School. 



Infant Class. 
Sunday School. 



Doors open at 7.30. Concert at 8 p. m. 
Admission Adults 25 cents. Children 15 cents. 



79- 

On Sunday, January iath, 1890, we officiated*in this Church for the first 
time, and preached at morning Service from St. Mark VIII, part 23rd verse: 
"He took the blind man by the hand and led him out of the town." In the 
evening, from Isaiah LX, part i8th verse: "Thou shalt call thy walls Salvation, 
and thy gates Praise." 

On Monday evening following (isth) there was an informal meeting of the 
Vestry, when we had an interesting conversation with the members and 
ultimately signified our intention of accepting the Rectorship. On our return 
to Ingersoll much kindly pressure was brought to bear to cause us to recon 
sider our contemplated resignation of that parish, and could your Rector have 
fully anticipated the depth of feeling manifested by his removal, it would have 
been very difficult indeed to have effected a change. Deeply attached as he 
was, and is, to the Godly Bishop of Huron, the following letter, had it been 
received any day before his coming to St. Catharines, would have decided 
the matter once for all against our acceptance of this parish. 

THE BISHOP S ROOM, SYNOD OFFICE, DIOCESE OF HURON. 

LONDON, Ontario, January 2ist, 1890. 

Dear Mr. Ker : A deputation from your Parish waited upon me yester 
day, and expressed great anxiety that your services should be retained. They 
have authorized me to write to you and say that if you will only consent to 
remain among them, the Vestry will raise your salary to the sum of $1500 
per annum. Allow me to press this upon your acceptance, and, if possible, 
reconsider the whole matter. 

Your Vestry would like an answer before Thursday night. 

Yours, MAURICE S. HURON. 

It was our pledged word to your representatives that forced us regret 
fully to decline. The financial advantages were in favor of Ingersoll, but 
above all the advantages of retaining our happy intercourse with a dearly 
beloved Bishop, a fraternal body of co-workers among the Clergy, and a 
thoroughly loyal and attached parish, made it more difficult to leave than we 
could possibly have supposed. Need it be added that we left Ingersoll with 
deep regret, or that we still cherish the warmest possible affection for our 
former congregation in that charming Parish. 



So. 

But after all has been aid "God rules and guides," even where human 
personality appears to have the strongest apparent influence in shaping the 
course of events, for how true it is that : 

Deep in unfathomable mines, 

Of never-failing skill, 
He treasures up His bright designs, 

And works His Sovereign will. 

On Monday evening, January 2Oth, 1890, a vestry meeting was held here 
when the following resolution, moved by Judge Senkler, seconded by J. W 
Coy, was passed unanimously : "That the Vestry of St. George s Church 
desire to offer their grateful thanks to His Lordship the Bishop of Niagara 
for appointing the Rev. Robert Ker to the Rectory of this Church, such ap 
pointment being in accordance with the unanimous wish of the congregation, 
and also to express their conviction that this action of His Lordship will greatly 
tend to maintain and increase the respect and affection now entertained by 
them towards His Lordship and to promote that kindly feeling which it is 
so important should exist in every Diocese between the Bishop and the 
Laity." 

The vestry clerk was instructed to forward to His Lordship, a copy of the 
above resolution. This was accordingly done and a suitable reply shortly 
afterwards received. 

On the ist March, 1890, Rev. Mr. Ker was duly instituted and as the 
letter of Institution may not be familiar to some of our people we place it on 
record. 

Charles, by Divine permission Lord Bishop of Niagara, to our well beloved 
in Christ. Robert Ker, clerk in Holy orders. GREETING We admit you 
to the Rectory of the Parish Church of St. George in the City of St. Catharines 
within our Diocese and jurisdiction, and we do hereby duly and canonically 
institute you in and to the said Rectory and invest you with all and singular, 
the rights, members and appurtenances thereto belonging, you having first in 
our presence made and subscribed the declarations and taken the oaths re 
quired by Canon XIV of the Provincial Synod of the Church of England in 



Canada And we do by these presents commit unto you the care and govern 
ment of the souls of the Parishioners of the said parish, and do authorize 
you to preach the word of God in the Parish Church aforesaid. 

In testimony whereof, we have set our hand and caused our Episcopal 
-seal to be affixed to these presents. 

CHARLES NIAGARA, 
[SEAL] At Hamilton, ist March, 1800. 



On Tuesday the iSth March, 1890. the induction service was held in the 
Church. The following details were published in the Journal on Wednesday 
the i gth. 

"A large number of the parishioners and our citizens generally were 
present at St. George s Church on Tuesday evening to witness the solemn 
ceremony of placing the Rev Robert Ker, lately appointed Rector, in full 
charge thereof. Shortly after eight o clock there were assembled in the vestry 
room the Rt. Rev.^ C. Hamilton, Bishop of the Diocese of Niagara, 
Rev. Canon Arnold, of Niagara; Rev. J. C. Garrett, Niagara; Rev. 
Mr. Gribble, Port Dalhousie ; Rev. Mr. McNab, St. Barnabas", city; 
Rev. Mr. Armi tage, St. Thomas 1 , city ; Rev. Mr. Miller, Ridley College, city; 
Rev. Mr. Ardill, Merritton ; Rev. Mr. Spencer, Thorold ; Rev. Mr. Fessenden, 
Chippewa ; Rev. Mr. Piper, Smithville, and the Rev Mr, Ker. 

When the members of the choir had taken their seats, the organ pealed 
forth the music of a processional hymn, and the Reverend gentlemen entered 
the Church, the rear being brought up by the Bishop bearing his pastoral 
staff. A few moments were then spent in silent prayer, after which the 
beautiful 21 5th hymn, "The Church s one foundation is Jesus Christ her Lord," 
was announced, and heartily sung by the choir and congregation. The Bishop 
and the Rev. Mr. Ker then advanced to the front of the chancel, and His 
Lordship said they were assembled to induct their worthy fellow-worker, the 
Rev. R. Ker, as rector to this Parish, he having been appointed by us to that 
holy and godly charge, in which, under the blessings of Almighty God, they 
prayed he would prove a worthy and faithful shepherd His Lordship then 



82. 

put the usual questions to the Rector, which being duly answered, he 
handed him the keys of the Church, and also the Bible and book of Common 
Prayer, with the exhortation that he would be a true and faithful custodian 
of the former and a diligent student of the word of God and all pertaining 
thereto. The usual evening service of the Church was then commenced by the 
Rev. Mr. Ardill reading the Exhortation, Confession and Absolution, and also 
the i26th, i32nd and i33rd psalms. The Rev. Mr. Piper read the 
first lesson from the 33rd chap of Ezekiel, which was followed with an ex 
cellent rendition of the Magnificat by the choir. The second lesson, from the 
loth Chap, of St. Luke, was read by the Rev. Mr. Armitage, and the Rev. Mr. 
Miller read the creed and prayers. 

The choir then sang a beautiful anthem selected from St. Paul s Epistle 
to the Romans, and after a special prayer for the welfare and success of the 
newly appointed Rector, the Bishop delivered a short address, basing his text 
on the 5th Chap, of the ist Epistle of St. Paul to the Thessalonians, i2th and 
i 3th verses : 

"And we beseech you, brethren, to know them which labor among you, 
and are over you in the Lord, and admonish you. 

"And to esteem them very highly in love for their work s sake, and be at 
peace among yourselves." 

Mr. Ker s official connection with this Congregation dates from i2th 
of January, 1890, and it is only known, to the Great Disposer of all things how 
long he may be permitted to serve the Church in this Parish, but long or 
short, his most anxious desire is "to preach Christ, and Him crucified," as the 
Alpha and Omega of all human hopes and the foundation of all spiritual con 
solation. At the same time he would fain emulate the Apostolic example and 
be a preacher of living sympathy and good-will to all among whom his lot is 

)cast. Fully sensible of his own many infirmities he can only hope to follow 
in the steps of his distinguished predecessors at a great distance, but with the 
good-will already shown him, he trusts more to the kindly forbearance of 
his people than to any merits of his own. 



83- 



Such in brief is the history of this Parish since its inception fully one 
hundred years ago. We have endeavored to tell the story fairly, briefly and 
dispassionately, so that those who read it in the years to come may learn how 
we, in our days, and our ancestors in theirs, carried on the work of the 
Church. Between the lines you will be able to read how our fathers labored 
or perchance, where we failed. 

When the Jubilee is held in 1941, most of us now present shall have 
passed from time into Eternity ; our dust shall mingle with its kindred dust 
in the valley or on the hillside, and even our names shall have become a faint 
memory, although it is doubtful if we may hope for even this much. In life s 
wonderful Kaleidoscope new scenes, new faces and new duties will ever pre 
sent themselves. Young faces of to-day shall have become worn arid wrinkled 
and old faces a vision of the memory; but let us ask the men and women, who, 
in the Jubilee celebration of 1941, shall review such memories of our lives as 
may survive the decaying hand of time, to bear -gently upon our mistakes and 
to throw the mantle of a wider charity over the imperfections which their 
clearer vision shall discover in our lives. We ask them to believe at least this 
of us : that we were animated by a sincere love for our Church and a spirit 
of loyal attachment to the faith of our forefathers. 

We look forward with confident assurance to the future of this old Parish 
Church, and we rejoice to think that the shadow of its heaven pointing spire 
will fall upon many future generations of worshippers who shall gather within 
these sacred walls. History is not made in a day, and such history as yours 
is a heritage of which any congregation might feel proud. It was within these 



walls that your fathers and mothers worshipped ; it was at this sacred font they 
were received into Christ s Holy Church ; it was here in Holy Matrimony 
they pledged themselves in bonds which were only sundered by death. Here 
the Church blessed them as children, and here she folded them in arms of 
faith and gently consigned them to the keeping of Him, who is the 
"Resurrection and the Life." When the sorrows of life thickened around 
their path, she pointed them in hope to the time when "the wicked cease from 
troubling, and the weary are at rest" ; when their steps faltered, and fainting 
they sank by the way, her s was the voice to cheer and hold them up in 
life s fierce conflict. 

Sitting in the pews you occupy to-day, were men and women of like 
passions with yourselves. Some of them were nearly related to you, all of 
them were your co-worshippers. They listened to the story of Christ s love 
as we listen to it, and it brought to them, as it brings to us, hope and conso 
lation and fulness of joy. When life s darker shadows gathered around them 
and the fierce and furious blasts of sorrow swept over their storm-tossed souls, 
here it was that the light glinting from "the sea of Glass mingled with 
fire" penetrated their souls with the Divine radiance and filled them with the 
peace "which passeth all understanding." To-day their vision forms mingle 
tvith ours and give us an impalpable but no less real identity with those who 
have gone before. We stand, then, on historic ground, and we stand face to face 
with the men and the women who made sacrifices to give us this House of 
Prayer. Next to the home, this Parish Church ought to be to us the dearest 
spot upon earth, and I am at a loss to understand the mental or spiritual state 
of mind that can under-value or lightly regard such a heritage. To the many 
who have never had a spiritual home, all churches are, I fancy, pretty much 
alike, but let us see to it, that we use our best efforts to make Old St. 
George s worthy of the men whose devotion and piety gave us such an in 
heritance. 

Through the all but impenetrable mists that hide the future, we may not 
rashly speak of the years to come, but enough is manifest in the signs of the 
present time to render the words on yonder mural table (Rev. Mr. Clarke s) if 
possible, more imperative than ever : Qucs autem Vobis dico, omnibus dico 
vigilatc. Let this Church hold fast to the faith, and let no plausible theories 
of doctrine, or capricious fancies of Ritual ever divert us from the truth 



* * 



grand and fundamental as it is that "the Bleed of Jesus Christ, God s Son, 
cleanseth us from all sin." Fifty years ago Dr Atkinson preached this Gospel 
from this pulpit, and now, almost at the expiration of the XIX century, with all 
its mighty advances in practical science, and its vast strides in all kinds of 
knowledge, I venture modestly to declare my unchangeable conviction that there 
is no other Gospel worth preaching. "Christ crucified" is the only power cap 
able of helping poor sinful humanity in its poverty and wretchedness. Day 
by day we are furnished with the most indubitable evidence that formalism 
in religion, accompanied even by high profession, is utterly powerless in 
Changing the Life, although it frequently happens that a change of opinion is 
substituted for a change of heart. With great zeal and ceaseless activity for 
the externals of religious life, men and women remain as Godless, as censorious 
as unforgiving as they ever were, and their religion works no change. Humbly 
then shall we follow Dr. Atkinson s great example and preach Christ as a 
power on the soul and a transforming influence on the life. Falling short of 
this we become as "sounding brass or a tinkling cymbal," a blind leader of the 
blind, and a builder with untempered mortar. We raise the standard of the 
cross and our fellowship in the past is real : 

One family we dwell in Him, one Church above, beneath, 
Though now divided by the stream the narrow stream of death , 

One army of the living God, to His command we bow, 

Part of the host have crossed the flood and part are crossing now. 



86. 



LIST OF OFFICERS, &c., OF 

ST. GSORGG S CHURCH, 



RECTOR. 
REV. ROBERT KER, THE RECTORY, KING STREET. 

CHURCH SERVICES. 

SUNDAYS. 

HOLY COMMUNION On ist Sunday in the month at mid-day. On 3rd 
Sunday in the month at 8 a. m., and at other times as announced 

MORNING SERVICE II.OOA. M. 

EVENING SERVICE 7.00 p. M. 

SI.-.NDAY SCHOOL AND BIBLE CLASS 3.00 p. M. 

WEEK DAYS 
HOLY DAYS 10 30 A. M. 

In Lent Evening Prayer Daily , . . . 5.00 P M. 

Every Friday Litany and Bible Lecture, . 7.30 P M. 

Choir Practice Friday Evening , . . 8 30 P. M. 

HOLY BAPTISM. On the Last Sunday in the month, or as may be 
arranged with the Rector. 



CHURCH WARDENS. 



Judge Senkler, . . . Office Judge s Chambers, Court House, 
Lieut Col. Carlisle, Office St. Paul Street. 




RIGHT REV. DR. FULLER, 

1ST BISHOP OF NIAGARA 



Judge Senkler. 



87. 

DELEGATES TO SYNOD. 

J. H. Tngersoll. 



J. W. Coy. 





ADVISORY BOARD. 




C. M. Arnold, 


R H. Smith, 


Thos. B. Bate, 


H. G. Hunt, 


Geo. C. Carlisle, 


W. G. Thompson, 


W. H. Charles, 


H. A. King, 


Geo. Cook, 


Johnson Clench, 


S. Neelon, 


W. H. Collinson, 



J. Southcott, 



S. D. Woodruff. 



Harry Smith, 



J. T. Groves, 



SIDSEMEX 



George Cook, 
A. K. Woodruff, 
B. Schram, 


W. H. Charles. 
J. H. Ingersoll, 
Richard Schram, 
Hugh Eccles. 


Johnson Clench, 
Thos. Todd, 
George Peterson, 



ORGANIST. 



VESTRY CLERK. 



Merritton. 



St. Paul Street. 



George Gander, 



SEXTON. 

. Residence 140 Church Street. 



William J. Smith, 



Morris Mills. 



SUNDAY SCHOOL. 



W G. May bee, 
B. Schram, 
Thos. Cambray, 
George Cook, 
Fred Lowe, 
B. Schram, 



Superintendent 

Assistant Superintendent 

Librarian, 

Assistant Librarian. 

Treasurer 



Miss May Rees, 



INFANT CLASS. 



Geneva Street. 



ST GEORGE S BRANCH OF W. A. M. A. 

Mrs. Ker, . . - President. 

Mrs. S. D Woodruff. ist Vice-President. 

Mrs. S. Neelon, 2nd Vice-President 

Mrs Johnson Clench, Recording Secretary. 

Mrs. H. Carlisle, . . . Treasurer 

Miss F. L. Bate, . . . Corresponding Secretary. 

Mrs. Seymour and Mrs. R. H. Smith, members of the Board appointed 

by the Reetor. 

Mrs. Senkler and Mrs. Haynes, . Delegates to Diosesan Board. 
Mrs. Cooper and Mrs. John Clark, . Auditors. 



President 
Vice President 
Treasurer 
Secretary 
Custodian of Funds 



LADIES S. S. AID SOCIETY. 

... Mrs. R. Millef. 

Mrs. A. J. Greenwood. 

Miss Walker. 

. . . Miss Yale 

Rector and President 



ENTERTAINMENT COMMITTEE. 

Mrs Seymour, Mrs. Smith, 



Mrs. Towers. 



SEWING COMMITTEE. 



Miss Bate, 



Miss Walker. 



Mrs. Warner, 



REFRESHMENT COMMITTEE. 

Mrs. Dougan, 



Mrs ClarU 



DECOKATIO-N COMMITTEE. 

Mrs. Johnson Clench, v . President 

Miss Eccles, Miss Annie Rykert, Miss F. L. Bate 

Miss Ida Woodruff, Mrs H.Carlisle, 



WEEKLY ENVELOPES 



Miss Ida Woodruff. 



King Street. 



POOR FUND 



Mrs Harvey, 



Church Street 




go. 



The original Parish Organization of St. George s Church was 
under the jurisdiction of the Bishop of Quebec, and was then 
called St. Catharines Episcopal Church. With the sub-division 
of the large Diocese of Quebec, we passed in due course to the Diocese of 
Montreal, and still later to that of Toronto. The present Diocese of Niagara 
was separated from Toronto in 1875, and is the smallest of the Canadian 
Dioceses in point of area, although in the number of its Clergy, it exceeds several. 
The Diocese is triangular in shape, and is bounded on the West by the 
Diocese of Huron, on the south by Lake Erie, and on the East by the Diocese 
of Toronto, Lake Ontario and the River Niagara. 

The Church members number 20,547 f whom about a third are com 
municants. There are 71 Clergy, and 22 Lay Readers. Parishes, Missions and 
Stations, 107. 

The Diocese of Niagara comprises the counties of Lincoln, Welland, 
Haldimand, Wentworth, Wellington and Halt on. 

FIRST BISHOP. The Rt. Rev. Thomas Brock Fuller; D. D.; D. C. L. 
Consecrated. 1876, Died 1884. 

PRESENT BISHOP. The Rt. Rev. Charles Hamilton, D. D.; D. C. L. 
Residence, Hamilton, Ont. 

CHANCELLOR. Edward Martin, Q. C. 

REGISTRAR. F. E. Kilvert, Esq. 

HON. SECRETARIES. Clerical, Rev. W. R. Clark, M. A., Ancaster; Lay, 
Mr. J. J. Mason. Hamilton, Ont. 

SECRETARY-TREASURER. Mr. J. J. Mason, Hamilton, Ont. 

ARCHDEACONS. The Yen. Alexander Dixon, D. D and Yen. William 
McMurray, D. D.; D. C. L. 



V* 




RIGHT REVEREND CHAS. HAMILTON, 

2ND BISHOP OF NIAGARA. 



CANONS. The Rev. Messrs. W. B. Curran, M. A , Stewart Houston, M. 
A, F. L. Osier, M. A., T. Bolton Read, D. D., J. B. Worrell, M. A., R. 
Arnold, B A., W. Belt, M. A., G. A. Bull, M. A., R. G. Sutherland, M. A. 

RECTORS OF ST. GEORGE S PARISH. 
A. D., 1830 1840. Rev. James Clarke, M. A. 

18401864 Rev Abraham Fuller Atkinson, D. C. L 
t 864 1888 Rev. Henry Holland, B. A. 
!S88 1889 Rev. E. M. Bland, 
: 88g . Rev. Robert Ker. 

CURATES OF ST. GEORGE S CHURCH. 

From the list of Curates which have served in St. George s Church, some 
names may possibly have escaped our notice, although we have sought to 
make it as accurate as the materials permitted. The length of service in each 
case we could not ascertain, but generally speaking, it was, with the excep 
tion of the Rev. Mr. Robart s, comparatively brief the Rev. Mr. McArthur s 
painfully so. He appears to have been acting cotemporaneously with Mr. 
Robarts, but he only served a few months before he was called away to rest, 
and of him with all our departed brethren, we say: 

Until the day break and the shadows flee away, 

Make them to be numbered with thy saints in glory everlasting. 

1846 Rev. R. Shanklin. . Deceased. 

1848 Rev. Alex. Dixon . . Archdeacon of Guelph. 

1852 Rev. George A. Bull Rector Stamford. 

1854 Rev. J. S. Lauder Archdeacon of Ottawa. 

1854 Rev. T. T. Robarts Deceased. 

1857 -Rev. Richard Lyons McArthur Deceased. 

1864 Rev. J. Dinzey U. S. A. 

1865 Rev. Jas. Gallagher, . . England. 

1866 Rev J.Francis Cayuga. 

1869 Rev. J. McLean Ballard U. S. A. 
1874 Rev. A. W. McNab 

!8 7 6 Rev. H. J. Holmes . England. 

I 8 7 8 Rev. Jas. B. Mead u - s A 

l882 _Rev. R. Moore Toronto. 

1883 Rev. P. Owen Jones s - A - 

1884 Rev. E. M. Bland Rector Cathedral. 



gz. 

LIST OF CHURCH WARDENS, 

In reference to the sub-joined list of Church Wardens, it is necessary to Say, 
that having no regular record to consult we were compelled to have recourse 
to the most indirect methods of ascertaining their names, such as finding some 
account charged against them, a note made by them, or some documents bear 
ing their signatures. This plan necessarily involved a good deal of labor, 
but the Editor hopes that he has attained a fair measure of accuracy 
he has left blanks to be filled with the names of the Wardens who shall be 
elected in the future ; so that whoever is Rector in A.D. 1941, will have no diffi 
culty in compiling a second edition of this Jubilee Souvenir 

1798 99 .... John Gould and Abel Letten. 

1817 18 . . Thomas Merritt and George Adams. 

1829 30 .... George Adams and Thomas Merritt. 
1830 31 

I ^3 I 3 2 Henry Mittleberger and E. S Adams. 

J83233 

*83334 

183435 
183536 . 

83637 

183738 

^83839 . 

1839 40 . . James R. Benson and Richard A. Clark. 

1840 41 . 

1841 42 . . . George Rykert and James R Benson. 

1842 43 ... " H. Mittleberger. 

1 843 44 

1844 45 . George Prescott 

184546 

1 84647 

1847 48 . . Anthony K. Boomer. 

184849 . 

1849 50 .. James Taylor and Richard A Clark 

1850 51 George Rykert and Anthony K. Boomer 

185152 



185253 

185354 

185455 
*855 56 
185657 
1857-58 
185859 
1859 60 
1860 6 i 
186162 
186263 
186364 
186465 . 
186566 
! 866 67 . 
186768 
186869 . 
1869 70 
1870 71 
187172 
187273 . 

187374 
I874--75 . 
187576 
1876-77 . 
187778 
1878-79 . 
187980 
1880 8 1 . 
1881 82 
188283 . 
188384 
188485 
188586 
r886 87 . 



93- 

George Rykert and James R. Boyd. 



Dr. Henry R. Goodman and Wm, H. Merritt, jr. 



Thomas H. Graydon and Joseph B. Boomer. 
v " . " Wm. McGivern. 

J. F. Saxon and T. R Merritt 



James Taylor and C. P. Camp. 

C. M. Arnold and Thos. Burns. 

Richard Woodruff and G. P. M. Ball. 
Josiah Holmes " 



Thomas Burns and 



Thomas L. Helliwell. 



Major Powell and J. W. Coy 



Chas. Riordan and Jas. A. Miller. 

George C. Carlisle and W. W. Greenwood. 
" " Judge Senkler. 



Judge Senkler and Johnson Clench. 
William Ellis and A. M. McRae. 



94- 

88 . William Ellis and P. H. Guiton 

188889 . .-",-? 

188990 J. B. Fowler and W. B. Towers, 

189091 . . Judge Senkler and Geo. C. Carlisle. 

189192 

189293 
189394 
189495 
189596 
189697 
1897-98 
189899 
1899 oo 

1900 i 

1901 2 

1902 3 

1903 4 

1904 5 

1905 6 

1906 7 

1907 8 

1908 9 
1909 10 
1910 ii 
191112 
191213 
191314 
191415 








St. George s Church, St. Catharines. 



95 

1915 i& 
1916 17 
191718 
1918 19 
1919 20 

I92O 21 

1921 22 
192223 
192324 
192425 
192526 
1926 27 
1927 28 
1928 29 
192930 
193031 
193132 
193233 
193334 
1934-35 

I9353 6 
193637 
193738 
193839 
19394 
194041 
194142 



ur Marriacie Records. 




TWO CHURCH RSCORPS 

t. 



"TILL DEATH US DO PART," 



The congregational meeting which decided upon the form that our Jubilee 
should take, also decided that the Editor should include in the "Jubilee 
Souvenir" the publication of our Marriage Register as being in itself a docu 
ment of deep personal interest and likely in the near future to prove of great 
historic value. It was found, however, that the Rev. Mr. Clarke s register 
(1836-1840) was missing and a most diligent search failed to get any infor 
mation respecting it. 

Previous to Mr. Clarke s Incumbency of this Parish it is not clear that 
any register was kept as distinct from that which may be looked upon as the 
Record for the whole Niagara Penisula, and even for Toronto itself. We refer 






97- 

of course to Mr. Addison s valuable Register of Weddings, Burials and Bap 
tisms, so highly prized by St. Mark s Parish, Niagara-on-the-Lake, and by all 
lovers of the early history of our country. We had no difficulty therefore in 
reaching the conclusion that this historic souvenir would be incomplete if we 
failed to include some account of St. Mark s Parish as well as a record of the 
marriages celebrated by the Rev. Mr Addison during his long missionary life in 
this section of Canada The Rev Robert Addison was appointed a missionary to 
this country in the year 1791, by that grand old Society, for whose labors we 
in Canada can never feel sufficiently thankful. If the "Society for the Propa 
gation of the Gospel in Foreign parts" had nothing to show but the history 
which clusters around old St. Mark s honored and interesting Centennial it 
would be an ample compensation for all the labor and expenditure be 
stowed upon the whole of Upper Canada as it was once called. The 
Rev. Mr. Addison appears to have reached Montreal in 1791, but owing 
to circumstances, he was compelled to winter in that city and did not 
reach the neighborhood of Fort George until the early summer of 1792. 
The date of his arrival is not quite certain, but the record of his first 
official act is July 9, 1792, and from that date forward he is a prominent 
figure in the early history of this Peninsula. He must have pushed forward 
his work with great vigor, for, as we have already seen, "St. Catharines Epis 
copal Church" was actively making its arrangements for a new Building in 
1796, and the inference we draw from Mr Merritt s remarks on this subject 
is this, that what is now St George s was actually in existence at a very much 
earlier date, probably 1793 or 1791 and "maintained without the supervision 
of a regular Pastor." (Biography of Hon W. H. Merritt page 69) But at 
this stage, I feel, I cannot do better than quote from an exceedingly able and 
well considered paper read by Miss Janet Carnochan of Niagara before the 
Canadian Institute, July 2, 1890, entitled : 

"TWO FRONTIER CHURCHES " 

"The oft-repeated sneer" says the learned Authoress, "that Canada has 
no history has been easily refuted in the case of our Easter^ Provinces with 
their store of French chivalry and Saxon force, of missionary zeal and Indian 
barbarities, of fortresses taken and retaken, but still the phrase lingers with 
regard to Ontario. Surely we in this Niagara peninsula lack nothing to dis- 



prove a statement which, to our shame, many among us allow to pass as if it 
were a truth. When we think that within the last two centuries four races 
have here fought for empire, that within sight of us are traces of the adven 
turous La Salle who traversed thousands of miles by sea and land to perish so 
miserably on the banks of the river of his search ; when we think of this spot 
as an Indian camping ground, of the lilies of France yielding to the flag of Britain 
even before Wolfe s great victory, of the landing here of loyal men driven from 
their homes of plenty to hew out in the forests of this new land a shelter under 
the flag they loved; of invasion, and of three years bitter strife, surely we have 
a right to say we have a history. 

In my attempt to sketch the story of these two churches I have an 
ample store of very different materials, a picturesque grey stone church with 
projecting buttresses and square tower peeping through the branches of 
magnificent old trees, many tablets inside and out, tombstones hacked and 
defaced by the rude hand of war, an old register dating back to 1792, kept 
with scrupulous neatness, all these in the one case ; in the other, in the old 
volume which lies before me, the interesting business records of almost a cen 
tury from 1794, if not of so romantic a nature, still shewing the sterling metal 
of this people, telling of bright days and dark days, of prosperity and adver 
sity, of lightning stroke and tornado, as well as of conflagration pale; of 
patient and strenuous efforts by appeals to Governor and Queen from this, 
almost the first Presbyterian Church in Upper Canada. It may be questioned 
if any other churches in our land can shew such interesting records. 

Now, that the modern tourist has invaded our quiet town and learned of 
the beauties with which we are long familiar, I am always pleased to remember 
that as a child I loved and admired St. Mark s, that it was my ideal of an old 
English parish church, and churchyard, and in those days the tourist had not 
come to tell us what to admire When the late lamented Dean Stanley visited 
St Mark s he said, "this is a piece of old England, do not allow it to be 
altered." The parish of St. Mark s is unique in this particular, that in almost 
a century that has elapsed there have only been three incumbents, one with a 
record of 37 years, another 27, the third, the Ven. Archdeacon McMurray, 
by whose courtesy I have had access to this record, of 34 years. Its 
value is shewn by the fact that permission was obtained some years since to 
copy all the earlier pages, and this has been placed in the archives of the His- 
-^ 



99- 

torical Society of the city of Buffalo. The Rev. Mr. Addison must have had 
a vein of quiet humor, as shewn by the quaint remarks interpolated here and 
there alike at baptism, wedding or burial. He was evidently a scholar and a 
lover of books, for his library of several hundred volumes, now in the possess 
ion of the church, would bring from far and near the lovers of rare and curious 
old books. Here is a Breeches Bible and Prayer Book in which prayer is 
offered for Henrietta Maria, the wife of Charles I., and in dull dusky leather 
many rare and valuable books to rejoice the heart of the bibliomaniac. 

The first marriage entry is "August 23, 1792, Henry Warren, bachelor, to 
Catherine Aglow, spinster. August 24th, Capt. James Hamilton, to Louisa, 
his wife." The remark appended to this tells a tale of a new country. "They 
had been married by some commanding officer or magistrate and thought it 
more decent to have the office repeated " "April 12, 1794, William Dixon, 
bachelor, to Charlotte Adlem, spinster. May i5th, Col. John Butler of the 
Rangers buried, (my patron)." Here is a pathetic entry, "July, 1794, buried 
a child of a poor stranger called Chambers. September gth, buried a soldier 
surfeited by drinking cold water. Baptisms, September 3rd, Cloe, a mulatto. 
Married, John Jacks and Rose Moore, negroes." These must have come to 
their new homes slaves, but to the honor of Canada, be it said, by Act of the 
Parliament which sat within sight of this spot, declared free, long before Brit 
ain by hard fought struggles in the House of Commons, had given her chatt 
els freedom, or our neighbors by the unstinted pouring out of millions, and of 
a more costly treasure of tears and blood, did the same. The next entry tells 
of the time when Niagara was the capital, "Buried, an infant child of the Attor 
ney General s servant ; and October loth, R. B. Tickell buried," and the 
comment on some to us never-to-be explained tragedy, "Alas he was starved," 
"September 24th, White, the butcher from England, and an Indian child." 
It is noticeable that Mr. Addison must have been indefatigable in his exertions, 
for we find him baptizing at 12 Mile Creek, 20 Mile Creek, 40 Mile Creek, 
Ancaster, Fort Erie, St. Catharines, Head of the Lake, Chippawa, Grantham > 
Falls, York, Long Point. On these occasions and when people came from long 
distances to Niagara, there are often a great many Baptisms recorded on the 
one day, the comment "of riper years" shewing that many besides children were 
baptized. June 24, 1799, occurs a well-known name. "Baptism, Allan Napier 
McNabb, from York," as also occur the names of Ridout, Givens, Macaulay 



4 



ICO. 

from the same place. "Buried, -, worn out by excess at the age of 49 , 

Baptized, Amos Smith, of riper years. Buried, old Mr. Doudle. Baptized, 
1801, David, son of Isaac, a Mohawk Indian. Buried, 1802, Cut Nose John 
son, a Mohawk chief. Poor old Trumper, Capt. Pilkington s gardener." 
These slight descriptive terms show a human interest, a kind heart, and a 
humorous vein. It is remarkable that in all the early notices of baptisms, there 
is nothing but the name and those of the father and mother ; after some time 
come notices of godmothers, and in 1806 this fuller notice : "May 3rd, Eliza 
Ann Maria Vigoreux, daughter of Capt Henry, Royal Engineers, and Eliza ; 
godfather Rev. Louis Vigoreux, godmothers Dowager, Lady Spencer and 
Anna Maria Vigoreux." Here is the name of one who justly or unjustly re 
ceived much blame in the war. "Baptism, November 20, 1808, Augustus 
Margaret Firth, daughter of Col Henry Proctor, commandant of the 4ist 
Regiment, and Elizabeth Married December n, 1807, Lieutenant Wm. 
Proctor, brother of Col. Henry Proctor, commanding at Fort George, to Joan 
Crooks. November, 1807, John Conrad Gatman, an old German. Buried, 
1810, Master Taylor of looth Regiment, killed by lightning. Old Amen Mis- 
ner, May 5, 1812. Married, Thomas McCormack, bachelor, to Augusta Jar- 
vis, spinster." 

Here is the brief record of the hero of Upper Canada, who did so much 
by wise counsels, prompt action, and undaunted courage, to save our country 
and repel the invader, who, galloping away in the early morning, was brought 
back by his companions in arms in sorrow and gloom, a corpse. "October 16, 
1812, burials Gen. Sir Isaac Brock, Col. John McDonald, they fell together at 
Queenston, and they were buried together in the north-east bastion of Fort 
George" In the Buffalo paper, in which some of these were copied, occurs 
the rather astonishing and not easily to be understood statement, "we now 
approach the period of the second war of independence. " How an armed in 
vasion of a peaceful neighboring country can be called a war of Independence 
by the invader is an unsolved mystery. Also referring to the burning of our 
town by the Americans, before evacuating our territory, these words occur ; 
In one of the engagements between the opposing forces St. Mark s took fire, 
and all but the solid stone wall was consumed." See how differently the 
same event can be described by different people 

During the time of the occupation of the town by the Americans from 



tor. 

May to December, the notices go on in St. Mark s Register, but it may be 
noted that there are no marriages except those of two Indian chiefs, thus re 
corded, "Mohawk chief Capt. Norton, to his wife Catherine, 1 think on ayth 
July, 1813, when she was baptized, and Jacob Johnson, another Mohawk chief 
Was married to his wife Mary on 2ist August this year. Buried, July xyth, 
Col. C. Bishop died of his wounds." As this brave young soldier was buried 
at Lundy s Lane, Mr. Addison must have been called on to ride all these miles 
to perform this service. The next item gives us another glimpse of warfare. 
"On the day on which the engagement between Sir James Yeo and Comman 
der Chauncey took place on the Lake, our dear friend Mrs. McXabb was 
buried in Mr. Servos burying ground, supposed to be 2gth September, 1813." 
This, history gives as the 28th September, but it is evident that during this 
exciting period some of the entries have been made from memory. Here is 
an entry which shows that though Parliament had been removed, Niagara 
was preferred as a burial place to York. "loth June, i8iG Buried, George 
Lane, Esq., Usher of the Black Rod." "Married, 1817, Rev. Wm. Samson, 
minister of Grimsby, to Maria Nelles; Buried, 1819. James Rogers, innkeeper," 
and the remark, "a bad profession for any but very sober men." September 
23rd, 1822, Poor old Hope. February 23rd Baptised Agnes Strachan, 
daughter of Hon. Dr. J. Strachan, Rector of York, and Ann, his wife." Here 
may be seen the names of most of the Regiments that have been quartered 
here, 4ist, 8th King s, looth, ggth, yoth, Sappers and Miners. Of these we 
find traces in buttons picked up at Fort George with these numbers 

Rev. Mr. Addison was military chaplain for many years. In 1820 we 
find another name as performing baptisms in that capacity. The last entry 
in this hand is 1827, in tremulous characters signed instead of full name, "R. 
A." And here, in another hand, is recorded the burial of this venerable man, 
whose zeal, piety and kindness of heart we have seen told, all Unwittingly, in 
these pages, "October gth, 1829 The Rev. Robt. Addison departed this life 
on the 6th, in the 75th year of his age." On the outside wall of the church 
is a large tablet to his memory, and inside another with this inscription : 

"In memory .of Rev. Robt. Addison, first missionary in this district of the 
venerable the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts. 
He commenced his labors in 1792, which, by the blessing of Divine Provi 
dence, he was enabled to continue for 37 years. Besides his stated services as 



102. 

minister of St. Mark s in the town, he visited and officiated in different parts 
of this and adjoining districts until other missionaries arrived. Remember 
them which have the rule over you " 

The Church was consecrated in 1828, on Sunday, August, 3rd, by the 
Hon. and Rt. Rev. Charles James, brother of the Earl of Galloway, and Lord 
Bishop of Quebec, in the presence of His Excellency Sir Peregrine Maitland, 
K. C. B., his staff, and other dignitaries. Morning prayer was said by the 
Rev. Robt Addison, the Lessons and Litany by Rev. Thos. Creen, the assistant 
minister, the Bishop preaching. 

So far, I have not met with any documentary evidence to show exactly 
when the church was built, or how long in process of construction. The new 
part can be plainly seen forming the cross, while the nave containing the 
tower is the old part, as shewn by the color of the stone. The pulpits, 
curiously carved, have the date 1843. 

Before the church was built, the congregation seems to have met in the 
Court House, near the site of the present one, and in the interval during and 
after the war in the Old Indian Council Chamber, afterwards used as an 
hospital, lately burned down. This last, with the buildings known as Butler s 
Barracks, was not burned with the rest of the town, as the British troops 
were reported to be entering, and they were thus saved. Here are two letters 
brought to my notice by our distinguished litterateur, Mr. Wm Kirby, which 
have been lying forgotten, and now after seventy years throw a flood of light, 
giving us information unexpected as it is invaluable, and which, through the 
kindness of the Rev. Archdeacon McMurray, I have been allowed to copy. 
They were written by Col. \Vm. Claus to Hon. and Rev. Dr. Stuart asking 
assistance from the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel. 

NIAGARA, II. C,, January :8th, 1818. 

"Anxious that something should be clone towards rebuilding our church, 
which in the winter of 18.13 was unfortunately destroyed by the enemy at the 
time our town was burnt, I would not take this freedom if there appeared 
the most distant prospect or steps taken to make it even in a state that we 
could attend Divine Service, but during this season it is hardly possible to 
attend. It remains in the state the Commissariat put it, for the purpose of 
storing provisions in, after we repossessed ourselves of the frontier, with the 



103- 

trifling addition of a temporary reading desk and gallery for the troops, Your 
Lordship saw the state it was in last summer. Nothing whatever has been 
done or likely to be done. It is not even weather proof. The church was 
made use of in 1812 as an hospital for the wounded. We were deprived of 
our all and have barely the means of getting covering for ourselves and 
families, to which must be attributed the melancholy state the church 
remains in, &c., &c." 

The next letter is dated Niagara, aoth September, 1820, and first speaks 
of the visit formerly paid and goes on thus ; "It may not be amiss to re 
capitulate. Previous to war of 1812 the small congregation of Niagara erectdd 
at their own expense a church which cost 1200 cy. After its destruction by 
fire, application was made in 1816 to His Majesty s Government for some aid 
towards putting it into a state to perform Divine Service in, when His 
Majesty was graciously pleased to order 500 stg. which has been received 
and applied, but falls short of accomplishing our wish. Our congregation 
are too poor to expect much from them. From their living within gunshot of 
the enemy s lines, they suffered the loss of all they possessed, burnt out and 
plundered of everything, and they had really not yet recovered their misfor 
tunes from the late unhappy events, &c., &c." 

The answer to this letter is dated 25th December, 1820, mentions that the 
Society had lately placed money in the hands of the Bishop of Quebec for aid 
in building churches, and refers the writer to him. 

The churchyard is very interesting and also unique, for here may be 
traced the rifle pits constructed during the war. The church was occupied by 
both armies. After the battle of Queenston Heights it was used as a 
hospital for our wounded, then by the Americans as a barracks, and again by 
our own commissariat. What an eventful history ! Could these stones 
speak, (and do they not speak eloquently of the past ?) what disputed points 
in <nir history might not be cleared up ? The lover of the curious may find 
many strangely pathetic and sometimes strangely grotesque lines here, the 
desire to be remembered being so strongly implanted in the human breast, 
but I only copy here those having some bearing on the history of the place. 

Length ot service seems to be the rule, for in the graveyard is an in 
scription : "in memory of Jno. Ray, 50 years parish clerk of St. Mark s, 



104. 

who died at an advanced age, Oct. 6th, 1846." The oldest record is placed 
inside the Eastern door, having been found partly covered up in the graveyard 
and placed here for safety. It is rudely carved and imperfectly spelled by 
some hand unskilled in, or all unused to such work : 

LENERD BLANCK 

DESeaCED 

5 AUG 

1782 

Not many feet from the church is the large flat stone, so often visited, 
hacked and marred, for to such an ignoble use as a butcher s block were 
these sacred memorials put in 1813. The hatchet marks have almost 
obliterated some of the words 

"To the memory of Charles Morison, a native of Scotland, who resided 
many years at Machilimacinac as a merchant, and since the cession of that 
post to the United States, as a British subject by election; for loyalty to his 
sovereign and integrity in his dealings, he was ever remarkable; he died here 
on his way to Montreal on the sixth day of September, 1802, aged about 65." 

In the porch, at the north door of the older part of the church is a tablet 
which brings back to us the rattle of musketry and rush of foemen the day 
when Niagara was taken. 

"In memory of Capt. M. McLelland, aged 42 years, Charles Wright and 
Win. Cameron in the 23th year of their age, of the ist Regiment of Lincoln 
Militia, w^ho gloriously fell on the 2jth day of May 1813, also Adjutant 
Lloyd of the 8th King s Regiment of Infantry. 

As lurid li^htnin^s dart their vivid light. 
So poured they forth their fires in bloody hVh t. 
They bravely fell and saved their country s cause, 
They loved tluar Constitution, Kiny and Laws." 

The last three words, it is needless to remark, are in capital letters L: 
excuse for the absence of poetry in these lines, it may be said that the people 
of these days were too busy writing history with their swords to trouble 
about elaborating musical couplets or quatrains. 

Here we unroll a page of history, a name handed down to obloquy by the 
skill of the poet and the imaginative powers of the sensational writer, but ne 
doubt Time, which rights man}- wrongs, will do justice to the memory of one 
v; bitterly spoken of by the English poet and American historian : when even 



Henry VIII finds a justifier, we may hope to see some histories we wot of 
revised. The poet Campbell acknowledged his information on the subject 
had been incorrect, but how difficult to rectify the wrong ! 

"Fear God and honor the king. In memory of Col. John Butler, His 
Majesty s Commissioner for Indian Affairs, born in New London, Connecticut, 
1728. His life was spent honorably in the service of the Crown. In the 
war with France for the conquest of Canada he was distinguished at the battle 
of Lake George, September, 1755, at the siege of Fort Niagara, and its capit 
ulation 25th July, 1759. In the war of 1776 he took up arms in defence of the 
unity of the Empire, and raised and commanded the Royal American Regi 
ment of Butler s Rangers. A sincere Christian as well as a brave soldier, he 
was one of the founders and the first patron of this parish. He died at Niag 
ara, May, 1796, and is interred in the family burying ground near this town. 
Erected 1880." 

Outside the eastern wall is the story of one who has been fondly remem 
bered, for his tragic fate is recorded also inside the church on a marble tablet. 

"Sacred to the memory of Capt. Copeland Radcliffe, of His Britannic 
Majesty s Navy, who fell whilst gallantly leading on his men to board one of 
the enemy s schooners at anchor off Fort Erie on the night of the i7th Aug., 
1814." One is erected at request of brothers and sisters by his nephew, the 
other by Capt. Dawes, R N., at request of his mother. We cannot but drop 
a tear to the memory of a brave young sailor. Another near this, "Donald 
Campbell, Islay, Argyleshire, Fort Major of Fort George, died ist December, 
1812. Interred on west side of Garrison Gate at Fort George." Also the 
name of Lieut. -Col. Elliot, K C. B., who fought in Peninsular war, Col. 
Kingsmille, and a daughter of Chief Justice Sewell. In the church altogether 
are fifteen tablets, two in the vestibules and three on the outer walls. It may 
be noted that seven are to military and naval heroes, four to clergyman ; four 
women s names are here handed down. 

Much might be said of the beauty of the spot, of the quaint pulpits and 
vaulted roof, of the chime of bells and the air of quiet repose, but where so 
many facts have to be recorded, the aesthetic and the emotional must be left 
for another pen or another time. f 




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One Hundred Years of Matrimony A 
Valuable Historic Record. 



TWO OLD PARISH REGISTERS 



" THE OLD, OLD STORY." 



[The following marriages copied from St Mark s Church Register, Nia 
gara, were performed by the Rev. Robert Addison,] 



August 
August 
August 



August 



January 

February 

April 

April 

May 

June 

June 

july 

July 

July 

October 

October 

December 

December 

December 



23 Henry Warren, bachelor, and Catherine Aglor, spinster. 

23 Michael Showers and Elnor Thorn. 

24 Capt. James Hamilton, to Louisa his wife. (They had been married by some 

commanding officer or magistrate and thought it more decent to have the 
office repeated.) 
27 Capt. Crawford and Widow Farewell. 

17Q3- 

24 Dr. Robert Richardson, bachelor, and Magdalen Asken, Spinster. 
4 Daniel Cassidy, widower, and Ann Dennis, spinster. 

2 James Everingham, bachelor, and Catharine Lemon, spinster. 
14 Mathew Pearson, bachelor, and Catharine Cowell, widow. 

4 James Barley, bachelor, and Mary Crysler, spinster. 

5 Ensign Lemonie, bachelor, and Susan Johnson, Spinster. x 

6 Alexander Allen, bachelor, and Mary Sporbeck, widow. 
13 Wm. Spencer, bachelor, and Rachael Ostrander, spinster. 
21 Peter Holme, and Sarah Goodman. 

26 Wm. Knott, bachelor, and Eliza Haggerty, spinster. 

6 John Hitchcock, bachelor, and Martha Ball, spinster. 
24 Wm. Price, bachelor, and Phoebe Soper, spinster. 

6 Bartholomew Dunn, bachelor, and Margaret Harslip, spinster. 

9 George Lowe, bachelor, and Elizabeth, McGrath, spinster. 
29 Daniel Gleersand, bachelor, and Mary VanEvery, widow. 



loS. 



March 

March 

March 

April 

June 

June 

June 

July 



September 26 

October 

November 

December 

December 

December 



9 



George Brown, bachelor, and Mary Cheen, spinster; of 5th Rcgt. 
Andrew VanEvery, bachelor, and Jane Purbice, spinster. 
Fred. Smith, bachelor, and Elizabeth Rosamyer, spinster. 
Wm. Dickson, bachelor, and Charlotte Adams, spinster. 
Evos Scott, bachelor, and Christiana Beaumond, spinster. 
Isaac Smith, bachelor, and Sarah Showers, spinster. 
Cornelius Dougan, bachelor, and Nancy Adams, spinster. 
Samuel Mather, bachelor, and Dorithy DuForest, spinster. 

Briant, bachelor, and Eve Durham, spinster. 
Jacob Ostrander, bachelor, and Ellen Clarke, spinster. 
James Hurst, bachelor, and Margaret Kamp, spinster. 
Thomas Adams, bachelor, and Margaret Disher, spinster. 
John Wilson, bachelor, and Jane Adams, spinster. 
George Adams, bachelor, and Phcebe Smith, widow. 



January 26 
March 3 

March 9 

March 15 

March 24 
April ii 



April 

May 

May 

June 

June 

August 

August 



John Cain, bachelor, and Ann Fitzgerald, widow. 
John Chrysler, bachelor, and Elizabeth Morden, spinster. 
Mathew Woomwood, bachelor, and Mary Wintermute, spinster. 
Wm. Wallace, bachelor, and Ann Doudle, spinster. 
Cornelius Volick, bachelor, and Eve Larraway, spinster. 
James McBride, bachelor, and Sarah Read, widow. 
Peter Whitney, bachelor, and Margaret Haynes, spinster. 
Isaac Birch, bachelor, and Deborah Bellinger, spinster. 

James Muirhead, bachelor, and Deborah Butler, spinster. 
Andrew Templeton, bachelor, and Mary Johnson, spinster. 
Ebenezer Hodges, bachelor, and Polly Sceeley, spinster. 

James Clark, bachelor, and Elizabeth Hare, spinster. 

John Jacks, bachelor, and Rose Moore, spinster, (negroes). 



March 6 John Edens, bachelor, and Martha Allen, spinster. 

April 27 Lieut. Falkner, of sth Regt., bachelor, and M. Redding, spinster. 

June 22 Capt. George Hill, widower, and Isabella Ford, widow. 

j u jy 17 James Wallace, bachelor, and Charity Double, spinster. 

October i David Kamp, bachelor, and Rebecca Ransier, spinster. 

December 7 Alexander Stewart, bachelor, and Jemima Johnson, spinster. 

December 13 John Soper, bachelor, and Elizabeth Price, -spinster. 



Februajy 5 Moses and Phebe, Negro slaves of Mr Secretary Jarvis. 

February 12 George-Woodley, bachelor, and Catherine Bowman, spinster. 
March 6 John Cain, and Sarah Clarke. 

March 6 Roger Bland, bachelor, and Sarah Haynes, spinster. 

March n -Charles Sillick, bachelor, and Elizabeth Gibson, spinster. 

March 19 Zachariah Hayner, bachelor, and Sophia Brown, spinster. 
May 2 Abraham Nelles, bachelor, and Catharine Ball, spinster. 

July 9 Jacob TenBroeck, bachelor, and Priscilla Read, spinster. 

September 30 Samuel Backhouse, bachelor, and Mary Percy, spinster. 



2 Adam Beemer, bachelor, and Eve Bowman, spinster. 

6 John Muirhead, bachelor, and Elizabeth Vanderlip, spinster. 
n Barnabas Cain, widower, and Cyble Clinton, widow. 

4 George Havens, bachelor, and Elizabeth Rice, spinster. 
17 Stephen Prichard, bachelor, and Anna Collier, spinster. 

7 William Havens, bachelor, and Elizabeth Schram, spinster. 
10 Jonathan Jones, bachelor, and Sarah Kelley, spinster. 

3 Titus Simons, bachelor, and Elizabeth Green, spinster. 

4 William Emery, bachelor, and Mary Holiday, widow. 
2 Samuel Boyd, bachelor, and Jane Gregory, spinster. 

7 Joel Wooding, bachelor, and Susan Shields, spinster. 
31 Elias Gillis, bachelor, and Rebecca Layton, spinster. 



log. 

October 12 Cuff Williams and Ann, Negroes from Mr. C. McNabb s. 
October 23 John Boyce, bachelor, and Mary McLaughlin, spinster. 
November 7 Jacob Cockannon, bachelor, and Mary Stephens, spinster. 
November 26 Thomas Burch, bachelor, and Elizabeth Nicholson, spinster. 
December 29 Lieutenant James Givens, bachelor, and Anglica Andrews, spinster. 



January 

January 

February 

March 

March 

April 

April 

June 

September 

December 

December 

December 



May 27 Daniel Fuller, bachelor, and Susan Harris, Spinster. 

June 19 John Sedan and Mary Humphreys. 

July 6 John Johnstone, bachelor, and Margaret Anderson, spinster. 

July 1 6 William Nelles, bachelor, and Margaret Ball, spinster. 

August 13 Peter Cochle, bachelor, and Elizabeth Boyce, spinster. 

August 25 Major Slater and Christina Thomas. 

September 3 George Campbell, bachelor, and Elizabeth McLaughlin. 

September 14 Bethuel Bunker and Josette Ambroisoule. 

October 21 Col. Samuel Smith, bachelor, and Jane Isabella Clarke, spinst 

December 3 Benjamin Skinner, bachelor, and Eliza Drean, spinster. 

December 7 James Davidson, widower, and Margaret Clarke, spinster. 

December 24 William Parnell, Bachelor, and Elizabeth Goring, spinster. 

December 29 Libbius Porter, bachelor, and Ann Adams, spinster. 

soo. 

January 14 John Neach, bachelor, and Mary Lighthall, spinster. 

January 15 Jsnathan Leet, bachelor, and Elizabeth Godfrey, spinster. 

January 23 Enoch Monett, bachelor, and Jane McKenzie, spinster. 

February 16 John Morrison, bachelor, and Mary Campbell. 

February 22 Alexander Douglas, bachelor, and Margaret DeMille. 

February 23 James Macklem, bachelor, and Lydia Smith, spinster. 

February 23 Edmund Raymond, bachelor, and Eliza Wintermute, spinster. 

February 23 Elihu Sheldon, bachelor, and Nancy Dickinson, spinster. - 

February 25 Samuel Rose and Jane Hayes. 

March 3 William Devenish, bachelor, and Jane Webster, spinster. 

March 13 John Symington, bachelor, and Elizabeth Crooks, widow. 

March 22 Eustace Payne, bachelor, and Nancy Jacobs, spinster. 
Ma y 5 John Thompson, bachelor, and Catharine Stuart, spinster. 

July 6 Thomas James, bachelor, an Mary Bowers, spinster. 



July 12 John Eglesham, bachelor, and Elizabeth Jack, spinster. 

August 9 Samuel McKay, bachelor, and Mary Whapon, spinster. 

August 17 John Johnson Laffity, bachelor, and Mary Johnson, spinster. 
August 20 David Price, bachelor, and Margaret Gaunder, spinster. 
August 26 Abner Everet, bachelor, Catharine Lichman, spinster. 
October 2 Solomon Skinner, bachelor, and Rachael B. Vrooman. 
October 19 Arthur Burton, bachelor, and Sarah Wallace. 
October 20 Benjamin Carty and Mary Suttonfield (Americans). 
December i Prince Robinson and Phillis (negroes). 
December 30 Jacquis Merchand, bachelor, and Elizabeth Bowman, spinster. 

ieo. 

January i John Laplace, bachelor, and Elizabeth McFall, spinster. 

January 6 Michael Bellinger, bachelor, and Mary Koch, spinster, 

Febiuary 12 John Coltman, widower, and Elizabeth Lyons, spinster. 

February 14 Andrew Smith, bachelor, and Nancy Lyons, spinster. 

February 23 William Bowen and Elizabeth Brown. 

February 28 James Guggins, bachelor, and Content Bassell, spinster. 

March 2 Mathias Steel, bachelor, and Catharine Anderson. 

July 23 Thomas Waters, bachelor, and Judith Fritz, spinster. 

July 25 William D. Powell, bachelor, and Sarah Stephenson, spinster. 

July 26 William Needham, bachelor, and Catharine McDonald, spinster. 

August 27 Edward Taylor, bachelor, and Hannah Collard, spinster. 

September i Adam Bowman: bachelor, and Hannah May. 

October i John Smith, bachelor, and Catharine Goring, spinster. 

October 25 Erasmus Kelly, bachelor, and Anna Boyd. 

November 6 John Alexander, bachelor, and Mary Christiane Talbot. 

November 19 Garret Schram, bachelor, and Leah Vanatten, spinster. 

November 22 John Riely, bachelor, and Catharine Vanatten, spinster. 

November 24 John Martin Horton, bachelor, and Catharine Dorshimer. 

November 29 Samuel Davidson, bachelor, and Flora McDonell. 

December 9 Jonas Larraway, bachelor, and Maria Griffin, spinster. 

December 20 George Turney, bachelor, and Ann Smith, spinster. 

December 21 Allan McDougal, bachelor, and Fredorica Whitsele. 

1SO2. 

January i John Miller, bachelor, and Catharine Woolman, spinster. 
January 3 John Campbell, bachelor, and Lucretia Barley, widow. 

January 6 Conrad Miller, bachelor, and Magdeline Brown, spinster. 

January 19 James Cushman, bachelor, and Mary Boise, spinster. 

February 3 Theodore J. Forbes, bachelor (Royal Artillery), and Elizabeth Herbert, spin 
ster. 

March 2 John Bownan, bachelor, and Elizabeth Hoghstrohper, spinster. 

March 28 David Thompson, bachelor, and Jane Gamble, spinster. 

March 30 John Robertson, bachelor, and Elizabeth Read, spinster. 
April 5 Alexander Marshall, bachelor, and Mary Gray, spinster. 

April 6 James Coninoven, bachelor, and Julia Lambeth, spinster. 

April 22 John McClellan, bachelor, and Jane Thompson. 

May 26 William Parker, widower, and Catharine Parsley, widow. 

July 15 John Hatter and Anna Magdaline Gastman. 
July 15 Johnson Butler, widower, and Susan Hatt, spinster. 






5 John May, bachelor, and Dorothy Hainer, spinster. 
31 Edward Gahan, bachelor, and Mary Fields, spinster. 

21 William Kent, bachelor, and Rebecca Bradshavv, spinster. 

22 Jesse Jones, bachelor, and Anna Beemer, spinster. 

22 Richard Griffin, bachelor, and Anna Colver, spinster. 
29 Peter McBride, bachelor, and Eliza Hurst, spinster. 

i Sergt. Thomas Cummins, bachelor, and Eliza Woods. 

5 David VanEvery, bachelor, and Elizabeth James, spinster. 

7 Duncan Clow, bachelor, and Eliza Smith, spinster. 

7 John Emery, bachelor, and Jane McBride. 
21 Charles Trump, bachelor, and Christina Cooke, spinster. 

4 Elias Smith, bachelor, and Ann Secord, spinster. 
n James Millmine, bachelor, and Mary Lutis. 
6 Ambroise DeFarcy, bachelor, and Ellen Weymouth, spinster. 
19 Calvin Grant, bachelor, and Elizabeth Brown, spinster. 



August 

August 

September 

September 

September 

September 

October 

October 

October 

October 

October 

November 

November 

December 

December 



January 2 John Lyons, bachelor, and Elizabeth Barlow, spinster. 

January n Peter Walsh, bachelor, and Sophia Brady, widow. 

June 9 James Maitland McCullah, bachelor, and Sarah Woodruff, spinstei . 

September 20 Thos. Dickson, Esq., widower, and Archange Grant, spinster. 

December 21 Martin McClellan, bachelor, and Eliza Grant, spinster. 

00-3=- 

Janaary 10 Henry Redicher, bachelor, and Jane Butcher, spinster. 

April i William Lawrence, bachelor, and Mary Cudney. 

June 21 Joseph Smith, bachelor, and Jane Brown, widow. 

July 25 George Forsythe, bachelor, and Catharine Ten Broeck, spinster. 

August 23 George Reed, bachelor, and Clementina Secord, spinster. 

September 9 Isaac Secord, bachelor, and Caroline May Margaret Bindle, spinster. 

September 10 Robert Juipter. bachelor, and Mary Ann Arrishew, spinster. 

October 28 George Ball, bachelor, and Catherine Oberholtzer, spinster. 

November 2 Samuel Bingle, bachelor, and Maria Waddel, spinster. 

November 4 Thomas Butler, bachelor, and Ann TenBroeck, spinster. 

sos. 

April 22 Alexander McKee, bachelor, and Sarah Powis, spinster, 

June 26 Jonh Read Phoenix, bachelor, and Margaret Read, spinster. 

July 2 William Westover, bachelor, and Catherine Hostetter, spinster. 

September 4 Hugh Freel, bachelor, and Anna Clinton, spinster. 

October 20 Stephen Couteur, bachelor, and Charlotte Francoeur, sr inster. 

November 5 Fred Augustus Goring, bachelor, and Ann Hostetter. 

November 16 Daniel Crostwait, bachelor, and Elizabeth Bradshaw, spin 

ieos. 

January 6 Henry Tacer, widower, and Mary Reynolds, widow, 

January 26 Henry Schram, bachelor, and Catherine Conway, spinster. 

March 20 Thomas McGuire, bachelor, 4ist. Regt., and Bridget Saunders, spinstei. 

April 6 Francis Crooks, bachelor, and Mary Stagg, spinster. 

Jdly 13 Benjamin Fairchild, widower, and Margaret Muir, spin 



August 10 John Silverthorn, bachelor, and Mary Steinhoff, spinster. 

September 14 Abraham Phoenix, bachelor, and Ellen Hodgkinson, spinster. 

September 18 Isaac Swayze, widower, and Lena Ferris, widow. 

October n James Freel, bachelor, and Nancy Chambers, spinster. 
November 2 Robert Chesnut, bachelor, and Nancy Fisher, widow 

November 26 Abraham Cooke, bachelor, and Eve Clyne, spinster. 

December 17 James Glover, bachelor, and Elizabeth Pettit, spinster. 



March 19 Soloman Vrooman, bachelor, and Mary Brown, spinster. 

April 19 Piere LePoint, bachelor, and Catharine Francoeur, spinster. 

May 19 John Milton, Sergt. 4 ist Regiment, bachelor, and Lettice Miller, spinster. 

May 24 David Putman, bachelor, and Dorithy Hainer, spinster. 

June 30 St. John Baptiste Roussau, of the Indian Department, widower, and Mar 

garet Clyne, spinster. 

J u] y i Louis Haynes, bachelor, and Eve Clandenin, spinster. 

October 21 Samuel Hatt, Esq., -bachelor, (from Ancaster), and Margeret Thompson, 

spinster, (from Niagara). 

November i George August Ball, bachelor, and Ann Fowling, spinster. 
November 15 James Cudney. bachelor, and Mary Young, spinster. 
November 25 Jacob Boyce, bachelor, and Catherine Risenburgh, spinster. 
December n Lieutenant William Proctor, bachelor (brother to Colonel Henry command 
ing at Fort George), and Jean Crooke, spinster. 

1.SOQ. 

January 2 Harmonious House, bachelor, and Susan Bradt. 

April 2 Andrew Heron, widower, and Catherine McLeod, widow. 

May i John Futrell, bachelor, and Sarah Bouman, spinster. 

May 3 John Secord, bachelor, and Jennett Crooks, spinster. 

May 19 Alexander Simcoe Stephenson, bachelor, and Catharine Hainer. 

May 22 -Thomas B. Gough, Esq., bachelor, and Margaret McBride, spinster. 

December i William Crooks, Esq., bachelor, and Mary Butler, spinster. 

December 8 -James Crooks, bachelor, and Jane Cummings, spinster. 

December 26 Michael Coom, widower, and Margaret Smith, widow. 



January 8 Joseph Wheaton, bachelor, and Elizabeth Rowe, widow. 

March 30 Thomas Clark, bachelor, and Mary Margaret Kerr, spinster. 

May 4 -Jacob H. Ball, bachelor, and Catharine Clement, spinster. 

May 3o-Carston Chorus, bachelor, and Mary Cartleman, spinster. 

June 18 - John Smith, bachelor, and Elizabeth Cox, spinster. 

July 30 Major William C. Short 4 ist Regiment, widower, and Jane Crooks, spinster. 

August 20 Frank Wilson, bachelor, and Nancy Philips, spinster. 

August 30 James Murphet Hutchinson, 100 H Regiment, widower, and Ellen guinn. 

widow. 
September 7 Samuel Wood, bachelor, Assistant Commissary, and Eleanor Fowling. 

spinster. 

October 10 Cornelius Harrington, bachelor, and Nancy Favourite, looth Regiment. 
December 14 John Wilson, widower, and Ann McFarland, spinster. 



B1O. 



April 20 Malon Burvvell, Esq., bachelor, and Sarah Harm, spinster, from near Fort 

Erie. 

May 2 Timothy Stuart, widower, and Theodosia Owens, spinster. 

June 5 Thomas Smith, bachelor, and Anna Hall, widow. 

July 29 Abraham Larzelerc, bachelor, and Catherine Young, spinster. 

August James Gordon, Esq., Asst. Corny., bachelor, and Caroline Merritt, spinster. 

September Russell Atkin Smith, bachelor, and Unice Martin, spinster. 
October Thomas Deary, bachelor, and Sarah Beauquett, widow. 

October i William Lee and Jane Boies (of color). 
November Benjamin Slaytor, widower, and Sarah Parker, widow. 

311. 

March 9 Jonathan Lawrence, widower, and Hannah Snigley, widow. 

August ii James Fallen, private soldier looth Regiment, bachelor, and Margaret Mc- 

Kenzie, spinster. 

August 18 Ebenezer Collven, widower, and Phoebe Coon, widow, (from 15 Mile Creek). 
December 5 Alexander Thorn, Sergeant 4ist Regiment, bachelor, and Harriet E. Smith, 

spinster. 

December 9 Joseph Halzt, widower, and Lucy Cooper, spinster. 
December 16 Alexander Cameron, Esq., bachelor, and Catharine Butler, spinster. 
December 17 James Waters and Clarissa Lovell (of color.) 
December* 21 Robert Nicholl Esq. from Woodhouse, bachelor, and Theresa Wright, spinster 

1312. 

March 30 Benjamin Geale, Lieutenant 4ist Regiment, bachelor, and Catharine Clans, 

spinster. 

May 5 Thomas McCormick, bachelor, and Augusta H. Jarvis, spinster. 

June 28 John Stevenson, soldier 4ist Regiment, bachelor, and Ann Hone, spinster. 

October 6 James Durand of Barton, widower, and Kazia Morrison, spinster. 

1313- 

January 11 James Jackson, Royal Artillery, bachelor, and Martha Saunders, spinster. 

February 15 George Brewer, bachelor, and Elizabeth Sutcliffe, spinster. 

March 29 Lieutenant Alexander Garrett of 4gth Regiment, bachelor, and Amelia 

Thompson, spinster. 

April 4 Daniel Sealy, private 4gth Regiment, bachelor, and Mary Madlan, spinster. 

May 2 John Bender, bachelor, and Catherine Bradt, spinster. 

The Mohawk Chief Captain Norton was married to his wife Catharine (I think), on July 
27th, when she was baptized, and Jacob Johnson, another Mohawk Chief was married to his 
wife Mary on the 2ist of August, this year. 



January 

January 

February 

February 

February 

March 

March 



ig Stephen Pritchard, widower, and Judith Hay, widow. 
20 Zacharias Richart, widower, and Pamela Hall, widow. 
13 John Smith, bachelor, and Sarah Andersen. 

22 Russell McWhittaker, bachelor, and Ann Libson, widow. 

23 John Berry, widower, and May Dockhart, widow. 

13 Arba Stinson, bachelor, and Catherine Houstenburgh, spinster. 
13 George Bond, bachelor, and Hannah Hill, spinster. 



15 John C. Ball, bachelor, and Margaret Frey, spinster. 
4 Sergeant Hay Fenton, Royal Scots, bachelor, and Amelia Ball, spinster. 
17 Thomas Stewart, Lieutenant Royal Scots, bachelor, and Mary Domford, 

spinster. 

9 Thomas Denshaw, Royal Scots, bachelor, and Margaret McPherson, spinster. 
30 Abraham Jackson, Gunner Royal Artillery, and Mary McKenzie, spinster. 
8 Richard Hope, widower, and Elizabeth Howell, widow. 
19 Thomas McNamara, Purser of the Charu dl, bachelor, and Margaret Ann 

Lowe, spinster. 
28 -Thomas Newton, Gunner Marine Artillery, bachelor, and Catharine Thomp- 

son, w T idow. 
22 Michael, Corporal Royal Sappers and Miners, bachelor, and Margaret Fen- 

ton, widow. 

9 Sergeant John Knox, Royal Scots, bachelor, and Ann McCormick, widow. 
13 -David Douchy, private zooth Regiment, and Mary Quinn, widow. 
7 James Murray, gun smith, bachelor, and Elizabeth Read, widow. 
16 Sergeant George Smith, Royal Scots, bachelor, and Martha Philips, widow. 
28 Isaac Ryan, bachelor, and Margaret La Ville, spinster. 



March 

April 

April 

May 

May 
July 
September 

September 
October 

November 
November 
December 
December 
December 



April 20 George Philpotts, Lieutenant Royal Engineers, bachelor, and Miss Maria 

NcNabb, spinster. 

April 23 Robert Chrysler, bachelor, and Anna Robbs, widow. 

June 4 John Oakley, clerk field train, bachelor, and Mary Henry, spinster. 

June 8 George Keefer, widower, and Jane Emery, widow. 

July 10 Thomas Arnold, D. A. C. G., bachelor, and Mary Crooks, spinster. x 

July 20 Robert Moore, clerk in the Commissariat, widower, and Maria Young. 

spinster. 
October 17 Thomas McQuarters, Corporal Royal Cavalary Volunteers, bachelor, and 

Jane McQuillan, spinster. 

October 18 John Hunt, bachelor, and May Dayton, spinster. 
October 29 John Astor, bachelor, and Rachael Camp, spinster. 

Memorandum. I have lost the date of the following marriages, which took place some 
time in this month, viz. : 

John Criley, Sergeant Sand Regiment, and Margaret Robinson. 

John Wenbin, Sergeant Sand Regiment and Sarah Studley. 



January 4 Walter Dettrick, bachelor, and Jane Fields, spinster. 

January 4 Joseph Coddington, bachelor, and Hannah Standliff, spinster. 

January 18 John Clendening, bachelor, and Margaret Dettrick, spinster. 

January 25 Mr. Alexander Hamilton, bachelor, and Miss Hannah Jarvis, spinster. 

March 2 Michael Dailey, bachelor, and Mary Price, spinster. 

April 18 William Trumble, Assistant Sergant 37th Regiment, bachelor, and Man 

Secord, spinster. 

May 23 John Cox, bachelor, and Salome Hughston, spinster. 

June 13 William Stoneman, bachelor, and Mary Rossin, widow. 

September 4 William Dailey, private ggth Regiment, bachelor, and Mary Evans, spinster - 
September 5 Bryan Conden, bachelor, and Susan Cox, spinster. 
September 5 Charles Ingersoll, bachelor, and Ann Maria Merritt, spinster. 



"5- 

October 3 Robert Gillespie, Esq., Montreal, bachelor, and Ann Agnes Kerr, spinster. 

October 13 Sergeant William Boyd, Royal Artillery, bachelor, and Sarah Hamilton, 

widow. 

October 26 John Wilbers, private ggth Regiment, bachelor, and Ellen Lafferty, widow. 

October 30 Michael Thompson, widower. Margaret Evly, widow. 
November 7 Jacob A. Ball, bachelor, and Elizabeth Hostetter, spinster, Grantharn. 

November n George Read, sea man, bachelor, and Mary Carey, spinster. 

November 28 John Jarvis and Ann Peters, (of color). 

December 12 -Boyle Travers, bachelor, and Hannah Larraway, spinster. 



January 
January 

January 
April 
April 
July 

July 

September 
November 
November 

December 



January 

January 

April 

May 

May 

Jaly 

July 

August 

September 

September 

November 
November 



2 Robert McDougall, bachelor, and Mary Wilson, spinster. 

25 Thomas Bushby, Lieutenant Royal Navy, bachelor, and Miss Sarah Dick- 

son, spinster. 

26 Lancelot Chase, bachelor, and Catherine Harvey, spinster. 

3 Peter Lampman, bachelor, and Ann McKeil, spinster. 
21 Baptist Blanchard, bachelor, and Mary Depote, spinster. 

ig--Tannatt Thompson, Esq., D. A. C. G., bachelor, and Margaret Ann Usher, 
spinster. 

21 Rev. William Sampson, Minister, Grirnsby, bachelor, and Maria Elizabeth 

Nelles, spinster. 

i Josiah Secord, widower, Mary Baxter, spinster. 
n Abraham Hostetter, bachelor, and Mary Donaldson, spinster. 
13 George Connolly, Esq., 99 Regiment, bachelor, and Elizabeth Plummer Ad- 
dison, spinster. 

22 Edward Doyle, widower, of Kingston, and Elizabeth Ann Pointer, spinster. 

eQ. 

17 Charles C. Alexander, Lieutenant Royal Engineers, bachelor, and Jane 
Racey, spinster. 

27 Francis Greenfield, bachelor, and Christina Annet, spinster, 7oth Regiment. 
23 Benjamin Merethew, widower, and Martha Hill, widow. 

i Robert Kay, Sergeant, 7oth Regiment, bachelor, and Amey Monk, spinster. 
27 Abraham Secord, bachelor, and Elizabeth Lampman, spinster. 

8 Neil McVicker, private 7oth Regiment, and Dorcas Hanway. 
14 Joseph Philips, bachelor, and Ann Hays, spinster, servants to Mr. Billings of 

the Commissariat. 

17 Richard Pointer, widower, and Elizabeth Enipy, Queenston. 
6 John Barker, bachelor, and Lydia Pier, Stamford. 

21 James Wilson, Bombardier Royal Artillery, bachelor, and Catharine Barns, 
spinster. 

29 John Tindle, bachelor, and Mary Bowman, spinster; both of Stamford. 

30 James Wilson, brewer, bachelor, and Mary Biggar, spinster. 



January 14 James Gray McLean of Montreal, bachelor, and Mary Douglas Bertie, 

spinster. 

February 9 Jacob Barninger, bachelor, and Mary Bowman, spinster, 15 Mile Creek. 
March 6 James Patterson, Master of schooner Mayflower, bachelor, and Ann Young. 

spinster. 



n6. 



4 Cupitson Walker and Margaret Lee (of color). 
10 Mr. John Ross, Merchant, bachelor, and Alice Kerby, spinster. 
13 Samuel Potts, bachelor, and Mary Dockstader, spinster. 
30 John McDonnell, private 63rd Regt., bachelor, and Elizabeth Short, spinster. 
14 Claud Scott Brown of Kingston, D. A. C. G., bachelor, and Elizabeth Sym 
ington, spinster. 

9 Henry Ferron, 63d Regiment, bachelor, and Catherine Powell, spinster. 



320. 

12 Matthew McMullen, bachelor, and Rosiana Hodgkinson, of Grantham. 
13 Andrew Donaldson of Grantham, bachelor, and Dorcas Burch of Louth. 

spinster. 
18 Robert I. Kerr, bachelor, and Mary W. Douglas, spinster, at the Hon. Mr. 

Clarke s, Stamford. 

30 John Shannon, bachelor, and Hannah Merrill, spinster, Shorthills. 
16 Lieut. John Campbell Gordon, bachelor, and Miss Mary Thompson, spinster. 
17 Robert Dickson, Esq., Barrister at Law, and Miss Mary McKay, spinster. 
9 Louis Livingston, bachelor, and Mary Lee, widow, from Shorthills. 



January 
January 

March 

March 
May 
October 
December 



January 17 John McMahon and Mary Hodgkinson, both of Grantham. 
October 3 William Allan, bachelor, and Sarah Mandigo, (of color). 
November 21 William Ward, bachelor, and Mary Claus, spinster, (of color). 



1Q22. 

5 William Benjamin Robinson of White Church in Home District Esq. bach 

elor, and Ann Elizabeth Jarvis, spinster. 
26 George Henry, bachelor, and Mary Tole, spinster. 
15 Peter M. Ball, bachelor, and Jane Wilson, spinster. 
4 Anthony Dusty, bachelor, and Mary Goodbeau, widow. 

24 John Whitton, bachelor, and Jane Cassady, spinster. 

3S23- 

14 George Cain, bachelor, and Letty Adams, spinster. 
16 Robert Grey, bachelor, and Mary M. Emery, spinster. 
26 William Smith, widower, and Catherine Owens, widow. 

6 Donald Chisholm, bachelor, and Harriet McDougal, widow, 
10 Samuel McCarter, bachelor, and Sarah Eastman, widow. 
14 John Beach, bachelor, and Sarah Dailey, spinster. 
14 David W.Camp, Grimsby, bachelor, and Adelia Northrup, spinster, Grantham . 

14 Elias Smith Adams, bachelor, and Susan Merritt, spinster, Grantham. 

5 James Whitten, bachelor, and Jane Jobbit. 

25 Thomas Green, bachelor, and Ann D. Ball, Thorold; by William Leening.. 

minister, Chippawa. 



May 

June 
August 
December 
December 



January 

January 

January 

March 

April 

June 

October 

October 

November 

December 



January 15 James H. Sampson, bachelor, and Elizabeth Rogers, spinster, by license. 
April 10 John Calcut Bach, private 76th Regiment, discharged, and Mary Blackney, 

spinster, by banns. 
May 17 John B-. Muirhead, Esq., and Ann Dockstadder, spinster, by license, 



117- 

September 16 J. P. Slocum, bachelor, and Maria B. Slingerland, spinster, by license. 
October 16 Thomas McNamara, widower, and Ann Henry, spinster, by license. 
November 23 David William Smith, Esq., bachelor, and Harriet Secord, spinster, of 

Queenston, by license. 
December 16 Walter Butler, bachelor, and Caroline Pottet, spinster. 

[The above marriages appear to have been celebrated in 1824 by Rev. R. W. Tunney, 
chaplain to the forces at Fort George.] 



March 21 Charles Ward, saddler, bachelor, and Margaret Campbell, spinster. 

March 27 John McGlashan, storekeeper in the Commissariat, bachelor, and Jane 

Withers, both of Niagara. 

April 6 -Alexander Campbell, stone cutter, and Elizabeth Greenley. 

June 8 James Butler, bachelor, and Ann Ten Broeck, Grantham. 

June 10 Rhodolphus Planner, Gore District, and Mary Ann Cox, Niagara. 

July 2 John Green, Stamford, bachelor, 68th Regt., and Betsey Griffith of Niagara, 

spinster. 



January 4 John Claus, bachelor, and Mary Stewart, spinster. 

January 13 Patrick Pagan, stone cutter, bachelor, and Lucy Asket, spinster. 

January 25 Enos Nickerson, bachelor, and Ann Westover, spinster, both of Grantham. 

February 3 Joshua Ferris Cushman of Niagara, bachelor, and Ann Connover, spinster, 

Grantham. 

March 9 John Gillenn, and bachelor, and Sarah Hosteler, spinster, both of Grantham. 

April 7 Lewis Butler and Jane Bushman of color. 

August 22 Thomas Hero, bachelor, and Jenney Johnson, widow, of color. 

November 5 Richard Fitzgerald, bachelor, and Sophia Fitzgibbon, spinster. 

less. 

August 21 Philo Sanford of Rochester, N. Y., bachelor, and Martha Burgess, spinster. 

September 12 Patrick Gorman| bachelor, and Rose Ann Denim. 

September 25 William Moffatt, bachelor, and Ann Phillips, widow. 

October 19 Isaac Lacey, bachelor, and Maria Larroway, spinster. 

October 26 James Muirhead, bachelor, and Mary Heron, spinster. 

November 25 John McClelland, bachelor, and Mary Flinllan, spinster. 

December 12 Thomas Read, bachelor, and Bridget Dwier, widow. 

This year is not signed but is evidently written by Rev. Mr. Creen, who appears in the 
"ecord of three subesquent years. 



January 15 John Scott, bachelor, and Ellen Swayze spinster. 

March 26 Alexander Millar, bachelor, and Mary Chew, spinster. 

April 15 Donald Campbell, bachelor, and Rebecca Motherwell, spinster. 

May 16 James Wilson, bachelor, and Janet Elliott, spinster. 

June 16 James Jeremiah Ralston, bachelor, and Mary Shaw, spinster. 

June 30 Herman Hoffstader, bachelor, and Catherine Carrol, spinster. 

August 8 James Adams and Rachel Crysler, of color, spinster. 

September 13 George Buchan, bachelor, and Elizabeth Jones, widow. 

December 27 Nathan Green, bachelor, and Fanny Miller, spinster. 



n8. 



January 

March 

March 



April 

April 

June 

July 

September 

October 

November 

December 



February 

February 

February 

March 

March 

March 

October 

October 



18 Benjamin Ulman, bachelor, and Elizabeth Fields, spinster. 
3 John Russell Shute, bachelor, and Mary Hawn, spinster. 

26 Seth Johnson, Esq., Lieut. Second Regiment, U. S. Infantry widower, and 
Mary Cumings Spence, spinster, were married at Fort Niagara by Mr. 
Thomas Creen, assistant minister. 

21 Thomas Lennox, bachelor, and Elizabeth Rafferty, spinster. 

30 John Cornals, bachelor, and Sarah Ryne, spinster. 

1 8 William Vanderburg, bachelor, and Temperance Hotchkiss, spinster. 

19 Ruben H. Boughten, bachelor, and Maria Barton, spinster. 
21 Samuel Secord, bachelor, and Elizabeth Weaver, spinster. 
28 Archibald Craig, bachelor, and Mary McClelland, spinster. 

20 William S. Chittenden, bachelor, and Joan Woodruff, spinster. 

23 Alexander Heron of Niagara, bachelor, and Cynthia Bogardus, spinster. 

1S3O. 

10 Edward Clarke Campbell, barrister, bachelor, and Ann Isabella Burns, 

spinster. 
n William Cassadey, bachelor, and Catherine Anderson, spinster. 

24 John Coughall, bachelor, and Joanne Merrithew. 

3 William Dickson Swa-yze, bachelor, and Mary Durham. 

4 Richard Moffatt, bachelor, and Mary Taylor. 

10 Colley Alexander Foster, bachelor, and Ann Muirhead, widow. 
14 Peter Ball Clement, bachelor, and Elizabeth Duzzler, spinster. 
28 Stephen Mede and Lucy Leonard, Stamford. 



The foregoing marriage entries necessarily include all those parties in which our people 
are interested, even remotely. About 1830 the Rev. Mf. Clarke came to reside in St. Catharines 
as first Rector of this parish, and as a matter of course kept his own register which is now 
unfortunately missing, so that we have thus an interval of ten years which are practically 
blank. From Dr. Atkinson s time up to the present the record is complete. 



Register of St. George s Church. 



Nov. 27 Robert Franklin jr., and Mary Ann Gibson, St. Catharines; witnesses: Thomas 
Towers, Louisa Towers, Robert Franklin ; by Rev. A. F. Atkinson. 

Dec 2 John Edgar, Dunnville, and Annie McCullock, Port Colborne; witnesses: Lyclia 
McCullock, Robert Lattimore, Robert Heney ; by A. F. Atkinson. 

Dec. 17 John Lenox, of Niagara, and Ellen Adams, St. Catharines; witnesses: Thomas 
Fleming, James Gilliland; by A. F. Atkinson. 



itg 



Jan. 8 Gabriel Gollan, Township of Loath, and Amelia O Hare, Township of Louth ; 

witnesses: Robert Osborne, Sophia Snyder ; by A. F. Atkinson. 
Feb. 5 John McGirk, Dunnville, and Alice Dickson, Township of Moulton; witnesses: 

R. A. Clark, Mary Clark; by A. F. Atkinson. 
Apr. 13-Patrick Donnelly McElderry, Town of Niagara, and Ann Hostetter, Township of 

Granthatn; witnesses: Angus Cook, James P. Ralston, E. McElderry, J. B. 

Matthews ; by A. F. Atkinson. 
May i Peter Barnes, Township of Esquesing, District of Gore, and Margaret Stull, Town 

ship ot Grantham; witnesses: Adam Stull, Henry Stull, Math. Dittrick, Richard 

H. Secord ; by A. F. Atkinson. 

May 20 Thomas Lampson, Town of Niagara, and Eleanor Moore, Township of Grantham; 
witnesses: John W. Ball, John M. Moore, Wm. Ferru , John Moore; by A. F. 
Atkinson. 

May 25 George Williams, Town of Niagara, and Maria Bell, Town of Niagara; witnesses: 

John Taylor, Mary Wilson; by A. F. Atkinson. 
July 29 George Hegen, St. Catherines, and Ellen Hunt, St. Catharines; witnesses: John G. 

Hunt, Daniel McCart, William McCowan, etc.; by A. F. Atkinson. 
Aug. 2 Francis Washington, St. Catharines, and Elizabeth Coleman, St. Catharines; wit 

nesses: Richard Emily, Catharine Wilkinson, John A. Mulock, Lydia Burkitt; by 

A. F. Atkinson. 

Dec. 4 John Hudson, St. Catharines, and Anna Rose Perrin, Township of Louth; witnesses: 
John Perrin, Amos Perrin, Joseph Juby; by A. F. Atkinson. 

Dec. 19 Henry Maxey, St. Catharines, and Mary Ann Harris, St. Catharines; witnesses: 
James Harris, Sarah Harris, John A. Mulock; by A. F. Atkinson. 



Jan. 12 Peter Lampman, Township of Niagara, and Charlotte Cole, Township of Grantham; 

witnesses: John Cole, Ingoldsby Fuller, William R. Havens; by A. F. Atkinson. 
Jan. 22 William Grogan, Township of Grantham, and Catharine Brennan, Township of 

Grantham; witnesses: John Boyle, Ann Boyle, Andrew Wilson, Bridget Spore; 

by A. F. Atkinson. 

Feb. ic -Thomas Fleming, Town of Niagara, and Zillah Ramsay, Town of St. Catharines; 

witnesses: Jamos Morrison, Thomas Read, Archibald Mitchell, Henry Carlisle; 

by A. F. Atkinson. 
Feb. 16 Ralph Smith, Township of Grantham, and Isabella Bradley, Township of Gran 

tham; witnesses: John Wilson, Andrew Wilson, Anne Boyle; by A. F. Atkinson. 
July 12 Richard Boyle, Township of Grantham, and Maria Gordon, Township of Humber- 

stone; witnesses : John Gordon, Eliza Boyle, Stephen Boyle, John A. Mulock; 

by A. F. Atkinson. 
July 17 John Ashern, of Niagara, and Elizabeth Yeo, of Niagara; witnesses: Robert Collins, 

Elizabeth Collins: by Rev. George M. Armstrong. 
Nov. 29 John Wolfe, Township of Grantham, and Jane Balfour, Township of Grantham; 

witnesses: Thomas Furlong, Jane Read, John A. Mulock: by A. F. Atkinson. 



120. 

Dec. 5 John Ashby, Private in H. M. 3rd Batt. Incorporated Militia, St. Catharines, and 

Catharine Ryan, St. Catharines; witnesses: Charles Wilcox, Charlotte Hunt, 

Samuel Workman; by A. F. Atkinson. 
Dec. 28 John Botham, Corporal in H. M. srd Batt. Incorporated Militia, St. Catharines, 

and Catharine Johnson, St. Catharines; witnesses: Charles Wilcox, Eliza Roberts, 

John A. Mulock; by A. F. Atkinson. 



Apr. 20 Michael Boyle, Port Robinson, and Margaret Smyth, Township of Grantham; wit 

nesses: Richard M. Boyle, A. K. Boomer, George Forbes, Stephen Boyle; by A. 

F. Atkinson. 
May 20 William Greenwood, St Catharines, and Eleanor Stowell, St. Catharines; witnesses: 

Josiah Holmes, John Hudson, Thomas Clapham, John A. Mulock; by A. F. Atkin-, 

son. 
Sept. 5 George Offspring, Township of Grantham, and Elisabeth O Neil, Township of Gran 

tham; witnesses: Thomas O Neil, John Murphy, Isabella Smith; by A. F. Atkin 

son. 
Nov. 15 William Atkinson, St. Catharines, and Isabella Franklin, St. Catharines; witnesses: 

Edward Tyrrell, Catharine Clark, George A. Clark, George M. Armstrong; by A. 

F. Atkinson. 
Nov. 15 Angus Cooke, junr., Township of Grantham, and Margaret Hosteler, Township of 

Grantham; witnesses: John McCulloch, Angus Cooke, senr., Elisabeth Hosteter; 

by George M. Armstrong. 



Jan. 21 Chichester Moore, St. Catharines, and Sarah Harris, St. Catharines; witnesses: 

James Harris, Robert Wyatt, Mary Ann Harris; by A. F. Atkinson. 
Jan. 25 George Gamble, St. Catharines, and Mary Ann Harding, St. Catharines; witnesses: 

James Neil, Camelia Neil, James Galbraith; by A. F. Atkinson. 
Feb. 22 William Servos, junr., Township of Grantham, and Elisabeth Hosteter, Township of 

Grantham; witnesses: P. C. Servos, Margaret Hosteter, D. K. Servos, William N. 

Ball; by George M. Armstrong. 
Mar. i James Buchanan, St. Catharines, Mary Anne Shelters, Township of Humberstone; 

witnesses: A. K. Boomer, Richard Forrest; by A. F. Atkinson. 
Apr. ii Thomas Wilson, St. Catharines, and Catharine Sexsmith, St. Catharines; witnesses: 

George Sexsmith, George Forbes, Sarah Sexsmith; by A. F. Atkinson. 
June 4 Bernard Foley, Attorney at Law, St. Catharines, and F rances Eliza Arnold, St. 

Catharines; witnesses: John Clark, Richard Arnold, Catharine Clark, William A. 

Chisholm; by A. F. Atkinson. 
June 5 William Clossom Chace, St. Catharines, and Jane Eliza King, St. Catharines; wit 

nesses: Bridgewater Merridith, Lorenzo D. Raymond, Wm. Hamilton Merritt, 

Mary Arnold, James R. Benson; by A. F. Atkinson. 
July 28 -Henry Clarke, Township of Stamford, and Martha Anne Taylor, Township of Louth; 

witnesses: William Taylor, Harriet Harper, Hanna Johnson; by A. F. Atkinson. 
Aug. 27 Arthur Bradley, Township of Grantham, and Margaret Raynard, Township of Gran 

tham; witnesses: Simon Boyle, Eliza Boyle; by G. M. Armstrong. 



Oct. 28 Francis Whitwell, Township of Pelhani, and Martha Start, Township of Grantham; 

witnesses: George Dasby, Eliza e tart, Thomas Scottock, Nathan J. Swayze; by 

A. F. Atkinson. 
Dec. 16 Thomas Wilson, Township of Grantham, and Margaret Nowlan, Township of Gran 

tham; witnesses: Ben. Betts, Judath Reynor; by G. M. Armstrong. 



Jan. i Nicholas Atkinson, St. Catharines, and Hannah Whitwell, St. Catharines; witnesses: 

Fredrick Schram, Margaret Schram, George Wm. P. Atkinson; by A. F. Atkinson. 
Jan. i Solomon Simons, Township of Grantham, and Maria Secord, Township of Gran 

tham; witnesses: Geo. Forbes, Eliza Secord, George Wm. P. Atkinson; by A. F. 

Atkinson. 
Jan. 7 Michael Breen, Township (blank), and Mary Brady, Township (blank), witnesses 

Patrick Rohen, Michael Flynn, Ellen Rohen; by A. F. Atkinson. 
Feb. ii Robert Bagg, Township of Gainsborough, and Mary Ann Sturges, Township of 

Niagara; witnesses: George Sturges, Absalom Dix, William Bagg, Ann Surby; by 

A. F: Atkinson. 
Mar. 20 Robert McKay and Sarah McCombs, both of the Township of Grantham ; wit 

nesses: Leon Verdure, William P. Atkinson, Sapronia Neeland; by G. M. Arm 

strong. 
May 3 Uzzial Clark Lee, Town of London, C. W., and Frances Cornell, Township of 

Grantham; witnesses : E. M. Thompson, L. D. Raymond, John Ralph Lee, Wm. 

Thomson, F. Thomson; by A. F. Atkinson. 
May 8 William Thomson, Township of Toronto, Home District, and Margaret Foley, St. 

Catharines; witnesses: Bernard Foley, Lorenzo Raymond, E. W. Thomson, F. 

Thomson, Fanny Foley; by A. F. Atkinson. 

May 22 William Read and Rosena Ann Flander, both of Township of Grantham; witnesses: 
George Flander, Robert Flander, Jacob Nellis; by A. F. Atkinson. 

June 7 William Rowe and Mary Ann Sharp, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: William 
Walker, Anne Walker; by A. F. Atkinson. 

June 15 William Mcjames and Ellen Leighton, both of St. Catharines, witnesses: C, 
Hughes, George Sadler, William P. Atkinson; by A. F. Atkinson. 

July 10 Theophilus Mack, M D., and Catharine Jane Adams, both of St. Catharines; wit 

nesses : E. S. Adams, Charles John Robinson, Thomas R. Merritt, Catharine 

Clark and several others; by A. F. Atkinson. 
July 15 William Fletcher and Harriet Hargrave, both of the Village of Drummondville, 

Township of Stamford ; witnesses : William Prouse, John A. Orchard, Eleanor 

Hargrave; by A. F. Atkinson. 
Sept. 6 Richard Atkinson Clarke and Sophia Raymond, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: 

Truman Raymond, Eliza Raymond, Theophilus Mack, Lorenzo Raymond, Wil 

liam A. Ohrisholm; by A. F. Atkinson. 
Sept. 23 Alexander Edwards, Deputy Asst. Comr. General, and Anne Merritt, St. Johns. N. 

B.; witnesses: Charles Merritt, Wm. Hamilton Merritt, N. Merritt, Wm. Wright, 

Thomas R. Merritt, M. Adams, James R. Benson; by A. F. Atkinson. 
Oct. ii Bolton Sw r itzer and Margaret Fitzpatrick, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: Alex 

ander McKenzie, Eliza R. Henderson; by Rev. R. G. Garrett. 



122 

Oct. 30 James Baxter, Town of Chatham, Western District, and Rosemond Woodall, St. 

Catharines; witnesses: James Woodall, William Stinton, Elizabeth Brown and 

several others; by A. F. Atkinson. 
Dec. 18 John Watson and Margaret Watson, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: Joseph 

Watson, Alexander Watson, Thomas Hastings, Jane Hastings; by A. F. Atkinson. 



Jan. 20 -Henry Stull and Hannah Eliza Stull, both of Township of Grantham; witnesses : 

Richard Secord, James Stull, James Durham; by Rev. Robert Shanklin. 
Feb. 4 Job Singer and Matilda Brooker, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: James Brooker 

Ann Brooker; by Robert Shanklin. 
Mar. 3 John Patrick Martin Mitchell and Susan Smith, both of Township of Pelham; wit 

nesses: Joshua Hyatt jr., Sarah Ann Hyatt; by A. F. Atkinson. 
April 9 William Stainton and Elizabeth Brown, both of Township of Grantham; witnesses: 

Mary Ann Hood, Harriet Woodall, C. Woodall, James Woodall, Richard Wood, 

by Robert Shanklin. 
May 14 Thomas Lock Jenkins, Township of Bayham, London District, and Mary Leonard; 

Clements, Township of Grantham; witnesses: John Christie, Eliza Christie, 

George Prescott, Mary Jane Coffing, Dave Boyd, Robert Shanklin ; by A. F. 

Atkinson. 
May 14 William Cain, Township of Niagara, and Eliza Cudney, Township of Grantham: 

witnesses: Daniel Cudney, Eleanor Cudney, Travers Cain, by Robert Shanklin. 
May 21 Robert Flanders and Susan Read, both of Township of Grantham; witnesses: Cor 

nelius Read, George Read, Jane Sanderson; by Robert Shanklin. 
May 27 James Frederick Saxon, City of Toronto, and Elizabeth Blake Christie, St. Cath 

arines; witnesses: John Christie, M. Boyd, M. H. Stewart, James R. McKnight, 
^ Elizabeth Christie, Maria Nichol; by A. F. Atkinson. 
May 28 Arthur Bradley and Ellen Foley, both of Township of Grantham; witnesses : Ed- 

^ mund Boyle, Simon Boyle, Eliza Boyle; by Robert Shanklin. 4. 

May 28 George Meebyn and Ellen Muloy, both of St. Catharines ; witnesses -. W. F. Olds- 

^f Thomas Johnston, William Mabee; by Robert Shanklin. 
June 2 James Butler, Township of Pelham, and Rebecca Pratt, Town of St. Catharines; 

witnesses : William Chase, Richard Forrest, Lucy Chase, William Atkinson ; by 

A. F. Atkinson. 
Aug. i Johnston Campbell and Helen Sager, both of District of Niagara; witnesses: John 

Cole, Elizabeth Rowe, Jane Cole; by Robert Shanklin. 
Aug. 16 Michael Worthon, and Hannah Fry, both of District of Niagara, witnesses; Will- 

son Prikit, Elisabeth Imby; by Robert Shanklin. 
Oct. 17 Charles Ogilvy Jamieson, Town of St. Catharines,, and Ann Taylor, Township of 

Grantham; witnesses: A. N. Tod, John Taylor, Charil Havens, John Havens, 

Wm. Kipock; by A. F. Atkinson. 
Nov. 15 Francis Nicholls, Township of Louth, and Susan Roadhouse, St. Catharines; wit 

nesses: Thos. Hilts, Louis Nicholls; by Robert Shanklin. 
Nov. 28 Edward Priddy, and Hannah Rebecca Draper, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: 

William Pearson Fradt, Sarah McDonell, Ann Maria Elliott, Mary AnnGladwin; 

by A. F. Atkinson. 



123- 

Dec. 9 John George Yaus (or Fans), and Caroline Armbrust, both of the Township of Pel- 
ham; witnesses: John Buffington, Patrick Gallagher (?) ; by Robert Shariklin. 

Dec. 28 James Start, Township of Louth, and Mary Jane May, St, Catharines; witnesses: 
James Wood, George Darf, Susan Darby, Elisabeth Darby, G. W. P. Atkinson; by- 
Robert Shanklin. 

1647. 

Jan. 13 George Frost, Township of Clinton, and Roseanna Moore, Township of Gainsbor 

ough; witnesses: D. McMillan, Wm. P. Atkinson; by Robert Shanklin. 
Feb. 14 William Osborn and Jane Gadsby, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: E. S. Adams, 

R. Shanklin, Thomas Osborn; by A. F. Atkinson. 
Mar. 12 Lewis Innes Leslie and Mary Anne Sanderson, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: 

E. S. Adams, Miss Crosby, Samuel Keefer, Anna E. Keefer, John Page; by A. F. 

Atkinson. 

Ma > 3 Jean Baptiste Rapin and Julia Belmore Globensky, both of this parish; witnesses: 
Marcus Brown, William Maugh, Mary Belmore; by Robert Shanklin. 

June 10 William Morgan Eccles, Barrister at Law, and Catharine Clark, both of this parish: 
witnesses: John Clark George W. Burton, E. S. Adams, Hugh Eccles, Jepica 
Eccles, James R. Benson, R. Shanklin, W. G. T. Downs, Jane Clark; by A. F. 
Atkinson. 

Sept. 8 John Harris and Isabella Blakeley, both of this parish; witnesses: John Belford, 

James Groat, T. Buchanan; by Robert Shanklin. 
Sept. 14 John Clark, City of Philadelphia, Pa., and Elizabeth Murphy Stephenson, St. Cath 

arines; witnesses: Elezear William Stephenson, A. K. Boomer, Geo. Prescott. 

Wm. A. Chrisholm, E. J. McKenny, and many others; by A. F. Atkinson. 
Nov. 2 Charles Cochran and Indiana Butler, (people of color), both of this parish; wit 

nesses: Thomas Douglas, Robert White, Virginia Holonsworth, Abraham Hoi- 

onsworth; by A. F. Atkinson. 
Dec. 8 William Gadsby and Mary Sweeny, both of this parish; witnesses: Louis Rock, 

Christienia Rock; by Robert Shanklin. 
Dec. 16 John Smyth and Eliza Boyle, both of this parish; witnesses: Andrew Boyle, 

Stephen Boyle, Simon Boyle, Elizabeth Grant and others; by A. F. Atkinson. 
Dec. 21 Edward Bradley and Anne Bradley, both of this parish; witnesses: Edward Boyle. 

Isabella Wilson, Andrew Wilson; by Robert Shanklin. 



Jan. i Charles Thornton Bate and Minerva Thorpe Clement, both of this parish; wit 

nesses: Earth. Tench, R. Shanklin, Mary Adams, Wm. P. Atkinson; by A. F. 

Atkinson. 
Feb. 27 Phoenix Lansing, City of Buffalo, N. Y.,and Mary Anne Anderson, St. Catharines: 

witnesses: S. W. Hubbard, Jane Grey, H. Grey, Thomas Douglas; by A. F. 

Atkinson. 
May 18 Thomas Boyle and Margaret Bradley, both of this parish; witnesses: Robert Brad 

ley, Edward McLaughlin, Alex. Bradley, Andrew Dancey ; by Robert Shanklin. 
June 7 Thomas Lees Helliwell, City of Toronto, and Mary Adams, St. Catharines; wit 

nesses: M. M. Helliwell, Thos. R. Merritt, Thos. Clark, N. Merritt, Wm. Hamil 

ton Merritt, J. H. Ingersoll; by A. F. Atkinson. 



I2 4 

June 7 Augustus Jukes, City of Toronto, and Phebe Maria Adams, Town of St. Catharines, 

witnesses: James R. Benson, E. S. Adams, William H. Merritt, jr., Theo. 

Mack, J. Ingersoll, M. M. Helliwell; by A. F. Atkinson. 
Sept. 9 John Sager and Charlotte Goring, both of Township of Grantham; witnesses: Fran 

cis A. Goring, John B. Goring, Elisabeth Rowe; by A. F. Atkinson. 
Oct. 26 Francis Auselin Goring, Township of Grantham, and Catharine Clement, Town 

ship of Niagara; witnesses: Jacob Hosteter, Rebecca Clement, Herman Hosteter, 

Maria Clement; by A. F. Atkinson. 
Nov. 30 Robert Foster and Eliza Stinson, both of this parish; witnesses: Thomas Stinson. 

James Stinson, Margaret Stinson; by A. F. Atkinson. 
Dec. 12 James Secord Smith and Susan Maria Hodgkinson, both of this parish: witnesses: 

Robert Hodgkinson, Sarah Markle, James Hodgkinson; by A. F. Atkinson. 



Jan. 3 Casper Bradley and Mary Smith, both of this parish; witnesses; Michael Boyle, 

Stephen Boyle, Elisabeth Boyle; by A. F. Atkinson. 
Jan. 24 William Brown Phipps, City of Toronto, and Lucy Amanda McKenney, Town of 

St. Catharines; witnesses: E. S.Adams, Wm. A. Chisholm, M. Marigold, Isabella 

Cameron; by A. F. Atkinson. 
Feb. 13 James McLean, alias McLane, Township of Louth, and Ellen Stinson, of this par 

ish; witnesses: Ellen Stinson, John Stinson; Thomas Stinson; by Rev. Alexander 

Dixon. 
April 9 John Mills and Eliza Anne Primas, both of Township of Niagara; witnesses: Henry 

Davis, Anna Me Manns, Henry Gay; by Alexander Dixon. 
May 14 William Harris and Catherine Haynes, both of this parish; witnesses: Edmund 

Nichols, Ann Harris; by Rev. Alexander Dixon. 
May 29 -William Booth and Elisabeth Grant, both of this parish; witnesses: George Grant. 

Edward Boyle; by Alexander Dixon. 
June 13 Elijah Evans, Township of Thorold, and Emelia Smith, of this parish; witnesses: 

Niel Downey, Wm. P. Atkinson; by Alexander Dixon. 
Aug. 25 Daniel Lawson and Elisabeth Anne Jackson, (people of color), witnesses: G. W. P. 

Atkinson, Wm. P. Atkinson; by Robert Shanklin. 
Oct. 16 James Taylor and Lisette Anne Bate, both of this parish; witnesses: Wm. Hamil 

ton Merritt, H. N. Bate, E. A. E. Nelles, L. E. Arnold, Charles W. Bate; by A. 

F. Atkinson. 
Dec. 4 John Frizell, East Oxford in District of Brock, and Phoebe Cole, of this parish; 

witnesses: Solom. S. Cole, John Cole, Eliza Smith; by Robert Shanklin. 



Feb. 26 Frederick Giphard, Township of Louth, and Mary Anne Moore, Township of Clin 
ton; witnesses: George Frost, Rosannah Frost, John Spence; by Robert Shanklin. 

July 7 George Eli McMullin and Ann Matilda Miller, both of Town of Niagara; witnesses: 
Robt. Fleming, Sarah Fleming; by A. F. Atkinson. 

July 25 George Elsey and Anne Diegnan, both of City of Hamilton; witnesses; George Mc- 
Namara, Hannah Kily; by A. F. Atkinson. 



125- 

Oct. 9 James E. Butler and Sarah Pratt, both of this parish; witnesses: William Butler, 

Elisabeth Forrest, Henry Ashdown; by Robert Shanklin. 
Nov. 14 James Bendle and Susan Wright, both of this parish; witnesses: John Reynard, 

Anne Wright, Wm. P. Atkinson; by Robert Shanklin. 
Nov. 26 John Smiley and Margaret Johnson, both of this parish; witnesses: John Johnson, 

Catharine McDonald; by Robert Shanklin. 
Nov. 26 Joseph Upper, Township of Thorold, and Sarah Clarke, of this parish; witnesses: 

Charles Clark, Sarah S. MeCombs, James Laughlin: by Robert Shanklin. 
Dec. 30 Thomas Keyes and Anne Jane Brown, both of this parish; witnesses: Christopher 

Jones, Sarah Brown, John B. Jones; by A. F. Atkinson. 

issi. 

Jan. 9 Eliud Wellington Nickerson and Maria Cassady, both of this parish; witnesses: 
David Nickerson, Anne Cassady, John Rickard; by Robert Shanklin. 

Mar. 6 Richard Goold, Township of Louth, and Maria Clement, Township of Niagara; 
witnesses: Morgan Rennie, Gertrude Ball, Leonard Goold; by Robert Shanklin. 

April 10 Jacob Jones and Joanna Jones, (people of color), both of this parish; witnesses: 
John Jones, Elisabeth Howard, Wm. P. Atkinson; by Robert Shanklin. 

June 26 Isaac Stills and Mary Anne Webb, (people of color), both of this parish; witnesses: 
James Smith, Elizabeth Shepherd, Wm. P. Atkinson; by Robert Shanklin. 

June 30 William Baron and Elisabeth Jones, both of this parish; witnesses: William Green 
wood, Ellanor Greenwood; by Robert Shanklin. 

July 3 John Henshaw and Anne Ryan, both of this parish; witnesses: Jane Reynard, 
Samuel Smith, Eliza Bradley; by Robert Shanklin. 

Aug. 21 William Backen and Mary Foley, both of this parish; witnesses: John Johnson. 
Cath. Peterson, Margaret Johnson, by Robert Shanklin. 

Sept. ii -William McGiverin and Jane Clark, both of this parish; witnesses: John Clark, 
Thomas Clark, Henry J. Mittleberger, Hugh Eccles, Andrew Martin, William 
Eccles, Evestus Arnold, Jessica Eccles; by A. F. Atkinson. 

Sept. 28 Alexander Gibson and Catherine Quinn, both of this parish; witnesses: Henry 
House, William Calder, K. M. Terron; by Robert Shanklin. 

Sept. 29 Alexander Richard Stephen , Penetanguishene, and Sarah [Parke, Port Colborne; 
witnesses: Thomas Parke, Edward Wheeler, Valentine Hall, Jane Parke, Thomas 
Clark; by Robert Shanklin. 

Oct. i Samuel Smith, Township of Stamford, and Eliza Bradley, St. Catharines; wit 
nesses: George Huff, Catharine Smyth, Bartholomew Boyle; by Robert Shanklin. 

Nov. 12 Edwin Wright, St. Catharines, and Sarah Anne Purser or Purcer, St. Catharines; 
witnesses: Tamer Williams, Harriet Williams; by Robert Shanklin. 

Dec. 18 Robert Smith Fowlie and Elisabeth Hensleigh, both of this parish; witnesses: E. 
W. Stephenson, H. J. Mittleberger, Bessey J. Gibson, A. K. Boomer; by A. F. 
Atkinson. 

iasa, 

Jan. 27 Edward Linnenbank and Margaret Overholt, both of Township of Louth; wit 
nesses: Jacob Overholt, Anna Overholt; by Rev. George A. Bull. 



126. 

Feb. 12 James O Farrell, St. Catharines, and Caroline Star Mitchel, Township of Grimsby; 
witnesses: Wm. Henry Mitchell, M. P. West; by George A. Bull. 

Feb. 21 William Fradd and Ann Abbott, both of County of Haldimand; witnesses: Richard 
Fradd, George Scruton, Sarah Scruton; by A. F. Atkinson. 

April 6 Thomas Woodside, Township of Clinton, and Matilda Houston, St. Catharines; 
witnesses: Charles Penmngton, Mary Mitchell. John Mitchell, Eliza Foster; by 
A. F. Atkinson. 

May 8 Richard Hinchey and Clarissa Haynes, both of this parish, witnesses: George 
Grant, Mary Bradley; by George A. Bull, 

May ii James Hamilton Ingersoll, Ingersoll, and Francis Eliza Jacobs, St. Catharines; 
witnesses: Wm. Hamilton Merritt, Wm. Hamilton Merritt jr., Jas. R. Benson, E. 
S. Adams, N. Merritt, Thos. R. Merritt; by A. F. Atkinson. 

June 8 Henry Jackson and Mary Anne Preston, (people of color). 1 oth of this parish; wit 
nesses: George Williams, Anna Thomas; by George A. Bull. 

Aug. 14 Balzar Dull, Township of Clinton, and Magdalene Claver, Township ot Louth. wit 
nesses: Oilman H. Moyer, George Mirutsa; by George A. Bui , 

Aug. 29 William Scott and Elizabeth Jones, (persons of color), both of this parish; witnesses; 
William Robinson, Elisabeth Howard, Willis Stack; by Robert Shanklin. 

Aug. 31 Franklin McKenny and Isabella Harris, (persons of color), both of St. Catharines; 
witnesses: Hannah Wathan, Eliza Sharp, Wm. P. Atkinson; by Robert Shanklin. 

Sept. 18 Edward James and Margaret Syfert, both of this parish; witnesses: Frances Brown- 
low, Sarah Brownlow, Mathew Smith, Folgaum Darafact: by George A. Bull. 

Oct. 27 George Field, Township of Niagara, and Elisabeth Smith, Township of Pelham; 
witnesses: Thomas Smith, Jane Smith, Mrs. Buckbee; by George A. Bull. 

Nov. 8 Alexander S. Johnson, City ot New York, and Catharine Maria Crysler, St. Cath 
arines; witnesses: R. M. Lrysler, John Crysler, Elsie Crysler, Anne Atkinson; by 
A. F. Atkinson, 

Dec. 8 George Wright and Hannah McGuire, both of Township of Thorold; witnesses: 
Edward Bradley, Cathrine Burley; by George A, Bull. 

Dec. 16 William Collen and Magdelene Whistler, both of Village of Chippawa; witnesses: 
George Francis Wilson, Jane Grey; by George A. Bull. 

Dec. 18 -Robert Stevenson and Susan Mozealor, (persons of color), both of this parish, wit 
nesses: Henry A, Newton, Frances Newton, Wm. P. Atkinson; by George A. Bull. 

1SS3. 

Feb. 8 John Graham and Ann Peterson, both of this parish; witnesses: Catharine Peter 
son, Robert Graham, Irwin Buchanan; by George A. Bull. 

Mar. 31 John McLane, Township of Lonth, and Elisabeth Stinson, St. Catharines; wit-- 
nessesjohn Stinson, Ellen Stinson, James McLane; by A. F. Atkinson. 

May 31 John Johnston and Mary Anne McCann, both of this parish; witnesses: John Me 
Cann, Lucy McCann, John Ross; by A. F. Atkinson. 

April 7 George Mauthe and Phebe alias Philippinan Dohn alias Doan, both of Township 
of Clinton; witnesses: Ellen Stinson, Sophia Armbrast; by George A. Bull. 

April 21 Henry Hilder and Catharine O Neil, both of Village of Chippawa ; witnesses 1 : 
Thomas Raison, Jeiss Walker; by A. F. Atkinson. 



127. 

May 18 Thomas Butler, Township of Louth, and Maria Pratt, St. Catharines; witnesses; 

Peter Ecker, Maria Butler, Win. F. Atkinson; by A. F. Atkinson. 
May 31 James Hoople and Celinda Haynes, both of this parish; witnesses: James Haynes, 

Elisabeth Haynes, William Harris; by A. F. Atkinson. 
June 8 Henry Sparrow and Catharine Belford, both of this parish; witnesses: Edward Bel- 

ford, Edward Milvin, Elisabeth Williams, Margaret Milvin; by A. F. Atkinson. 
June 23 John Augustus King and Letheanne Robinson, (people of color), both of St. Cath 

arines; witnesses William M. Porter, Amandia Peek, Henry Ball, Henry Meyers; 

by A. F. Atkinson. 

July 20 Thomas Barnes and Elisabeth Williams, both of this parish; witnesses: George 

Clutterbreck, Eliza Clutterbreck; by A, F. Atkinson. 
July 25 William Hand, County of Simcoe, C. W., and Mary Bradley, St. Catharines; wit 

nesses: Wm. Bradley, Anne Bradley, George Atkinson; by A. F. Atkinson. 
July 28- Henry Latchman and Hannah Herbert, both of this parish; witnesses: George 1 

Clutterbreck, Eliza Clutterbreck, W. P. Atkinson; by A. F. Atkinson. 
Aug. iS Hugh Marshall and Margaret Sullivan, both of Township of Grimsby; witnesses: 

Wm. P. Atkinson, Melinda Ansley; by A. F. Atkinson. 
Sept. 8 James Henderson and Alma Jackson, alias Darrow, (people of color), both of St, 

Catharines; witnesses: William Johnson, William Dolman, Leth Ann King; by 

A. F. Atkinson. 

Nov. 2 Thomas Jaus and Catharine Saugus, both of Township of Louth; witnesses: George 
Jaus, John Martin Jaus, Wm. P. Atkinson; by Rev. J. S. Lauder. 

Nov. 26 Robert Dyson and Mary Suggat, both of this parish; witnesses: Richard Cheslee. 
Thomas Sweet; by J. S. Lauder, 

Dec. 30 Thomas Bradley, St. Catharines, and Sarah Winslow, Thorold; witnesses: Edward 
McLaughlin, Jane Winslow, Edward Jackson, Wm. P. Atkinson; by J. S. Lauder. 



Jan. 3 Edward Grant and Jane Flewellen, both of St, Catharines; witnesses: James Fie- 

wellen, Ann Jackson, Wm. P. Atkinson; by J. S. Lauder. 
Jan. 10 James Flewellen and Ann Jackson, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: Thomas Fle 

wellen, Margaret Bradley, Wm. P, Atkinson; by J. S. Lauder. 
Jan. ii Sutton Frizelle, East Oxford C. W., and Mary Lampman, Township of Niagara; 

witnesses: Archibald Lampman, Peter Lampman; by J. S. Lauder. 
Jan. 27 -James Howard and Elisabeth Howard, (colored), both of St. Catharines; witnesses: 

William Smith, ; by J. S. Lauder, 

Feb. 25 William Lewis and Mary Jane Boyle, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: Richard 

Bradley, Mary Ann Bradley; by J. S. Lauder, 

Mar. 8 John Taylor and Mary Lamb, both of Township of Stamford; witnesses: Joseph 
Taylor, William Lamb; by J. S. Lauder. 

Mar. 16 Isaac Lawson and Malvina Lewis, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: Cain Duncan, 
Charles F. Woodward, Charles H. Ingersoll; by J. S. Lauder. 

April 8 James Raynerd and Catharine Bradley, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: Robert 
Bradley, Mary Ann Bradley; by J, S. Lauder. 



128. 

April ^6 Richard Woodruff and Cornelia McCium, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: Rich 
ard Miller, Julia Woodruff, M. L. Hellivvell, J. H. Connoly, J. P. Boomer, by A. 
F. Atkinson. 

May 3 Henry Murray, Township of Downie, County of Perth, C. W., and Elisabeth Maria 
Forrest, St. Catharines; witnesses: R. Forrest, E. Forrest, Mary J. G. Grant, 
Thomas Murphy. Thomas Sutclift, E. Frazer; by A. F. Atkinson. 

May 24 Thomas William Brady and Lucy Jane Chatfield, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: 
Walter Chatfield, William H. Dunn; by J. S. Lauder. 

June 15 -John Gadsby and Anne Gray, both of St. Catharines; witnesses:^Elijah Gadsby, 

Fanny Gadsby; by J. S. Lauder. 
June 16 John Davis and Margaret Gibson, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: James Gilles- 

pie, Thomas Gibson; by J. S. Lauder. 
June .^*-William Wilson and Mary Bradley, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: Alexander 

Bradley Margaret Bradley, George Grant; by A. F. Atkinson. 
Sept. 26 Archey Barlow, City of Hamilton, and Julia Wood. St. Catharines: witnesses 

Harriet Lee, F. M. Atkinson; by J. S. Lauder. 

Oct. 19- John G. Johnson and Mary Mackie, (people of color), both of St. Catharines; wit 
nesses: Win. Crupp, J. T. Watson, Mary Jane Fillson; by A. F. Atkinson. 
Oct. 19 Absalom Griffin Smith and Henrietta Bigelow, both of Township 1 of Flamboro , 

County of Wentworth; witnesses: Cecil A. G. Webbe, F. M. Atkinson; by A. F. 

Atkinson. ^ 

Oct. 27 John Fildman, Township of^Louth, and Mary Ann Whiiien. Township of Bertier; 

witnesses: Philip Wismer, Dilman F. Mover; by Rev. Thorias T. Robarts. 
Dec. 18 Charles Scheyger and Mario Dolina Franken, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: 

Christopher Fralie; by Thomas T. Robarts. 
Dec. 20 Samuel DeVeaux Woodruff and Jane Sanderson, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: 

J. P. Boomer, Louis J. Leslie, Mary Ann Leslie, O. King, and many others; by A. 

F. Atkinson. 
Dec. 24 Raspberry Ambes and Mary Elisabeth Mclntosh, (people of color), both of St. 

Catharines; witnesses: Robert White, Sylvester West, Amelia Shields; by Thomas 

T. Robarts. 
Dec. 26 John Liesh and Mary Grobb, both of Township of Clinton; witnesses: Darby 

Featherson, Henry Grobb; by Thomas T. Robarts. 

1S55- 

Jan. 3 Thomas Powers Casey and Anne Eliza Adams, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: 
Henry Latcham, Jane Saunders; by Robert Shanklin. 

Feb. i Walter Chatfield, Village of Chippawa, and Hannah Knight, St. Catharines; wit 
nesses: Thomas D. Gender, Ann Chatfield, William Buckham, Eliza Buckham; 
by Thomas T. Robarts. 

Mar. 3 Thomas Charles Dorrinton and Mary Moloy, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: 
John Caine, Alice Clarke, James Canng; by Thomas T. Robarts. 

Mar. 15 -John Jones and Catharine McNabb, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: Mary Caug- 
hell, F. M. Atkinson; by Thomas T. Robarts. 

Mar. 23 -George Kells and Bridget Tracy, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: Hugh Cameron. 
Ellen Sugars, Hannah Cameron; by Thomas E. Robarts. 



April 3 William Thomas, Township of Stamford, and Anne Goring, St. Catharines: wit 

nesses 1 ; Leeming J. Goring, Sarah A. Gilleland, Joseph S. Lampman, William P. 

Atkinson; by A. F. Atkinson. 
May 17 John Symington Clark and Fannie Wyly, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: John 

L. Helliwell, Wm. L. Dittrick, William Hamilton Merritt jr., James R. Benson, 

Thomas Clark, George Rykert; by A. F. Atkinson. 
May 31 John Ross and Lucy McCann, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: John McCann, 

Sophia McCann, Edward Ashbarry; by A. F. Atkinson. 
Aug. 21 Edward Ashbarry and Sophia McCann, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: John 

McCann, John McCann jr.: by Thomas T. Robarts. 
Aug. 28 Christen Heist, Township of Pelham, and Barbara Cressman, Township of Clin 

ton; witnesses: Charles Braner, Juphine Heist; by Thomas T. Robarts. 
Aug. 29 Robert Boyle and Catharine Brady, both of Township of Grantham; witnesses: 

Matthew Bradley, Mary Ann Bradley; by Thomas T. Robarts. 
Sept. 4 James Sparks and Mary Killaly, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: William B. 

Buchan, F. M. Atkinson; by Thomas T. Robarts. 
Sept. 13 John Martin, Village of Port Dalhousie, and Margaret Rogers, St. Catharines; wit 

nesses: Mary Anne Rogers, William Martin; by Thomas T. Robarts. 
Oct. 28 John Stolz and Eliza Hamilton, both of this parish; witnesses: Annie Melville, 

Thomas Dogherty, F. M. Atkinson; by A. F". Atkinson. 
Oct. 30 Lorenzo Dulmage Raymond, and Mary Jane Cochran, both of St. Catharines; wit 

nesses: W. S. Copeland, Truman Raymond, C. M. Arnold, Martin Snively, Eliza 

A. Raymond, Erastus B. Raymond; by A. F. Atkinson. 
Nov. r William Wilson and Clarissa Ballard, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: Henry 

Myers, William Hutchinson; by Thomas T. Robarts. 
Nov. 6 John McLaren, Town of Gait, and Rachel Oliver, St. Catharines; witnesses: Elisa 

beth Oliver, Robert Oliver, Sarah Oliver, Robert Gilholm; by Thomas T. Rob- 

arts. 
Dec. 6 Thomas Brownlee and Lucinda Wilson, both of this parish; witnesses: John Wil 

son, James Wilson, Emeline Wilson; by Thomas T. Robarts. 



Jan. 10 John Smith and- Melinda Mitchell, (people of color), both of St. Catharines; wit 

nesses: John Runner, Julia Anne Warner; by Rev. J. Torrance. 
Feb. 5 Samuel Duffin and Mary Ann Bradley, both of this parish: witnesses: Edmund 

Bradley, Stephen Bradley, Elisabeth Boyle, Richard Bradley; by A. F. Atkinson. 
Feb. 27- David West and Caroline Williams, (people of cojor), both of St. Catharines; wit 

nesses: M. Gibson, Robert White, Richard Artson; by Thomas T. Robarts. 
Mar. 13 Isaac S. Gulp and Catharine Moyer, both of Township of Clinton; witnesses: 

Tobias Armbrust, Elisabeth Culp; by Thomas T. Robarts. 
April 3 Thomas Frederick Graydon and Emily Alexandrina Prescott, both of St. Cathar 

ines: witnesses: Thomas Graydon, Stephen Robert Cattley, John Prescott, 

James McCaughey, William R. Laird. Marie Prescott, S. A. Graydon; by A. F. 

Atkinson. 
April 28 William Paiee and Sophia Bardon, (people of color), witnesses : David West, 

Caroline West; by Thomas T. Robarts. 



130. 

June 5-John Titterington and Martha Goold, hot], of St. Catharines; witnesses: JohnTobin. 

Edwin S. Leavenworth, Ann Johnston; by Thomas T. Robarts. 
June lo-William Chandler and Sarah Sparks, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: William 

M. Buchan, James Sparks; by Thomas T. Robarts. 
June 23-James Kearnes and Mary Maskrey, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: William 

McGay, R. Forrest; by Thomas T. Robarts. 
June 30- William Henry Johnson and Mary Jane West, both of Township of Grimsby wit- 

esses: Ellen Jones, LeClerc Atkinson; by Thomas T. Robarts. 

July 13- William Williams and Emily Wheaton, (people of color), both of this parish- wit- 

: F. D. Madden, Patey Ann Madden, H. W. Flommy; by Robert Shanklin. 

Aug. 2i-Robert Montgomery, Township of Clinton, and Martha Corbitt Township of 

Louth; witnesses: Mathew McClare, Ann McClare, John R. Tufford; by A. F. 

Atkinson. x 

Sept. n-Robert Nutty, City of Memphis, State of Tennessee, U. S. A, and Annie Henrietta 
Woodward, St. Catharines ; witnesses : E. F. Woodward, William P. Atkinson, 
E. A. Mittleberger, Ann Atkinson and others; by A. F. Atkinson. 

Oct. 29-James Murray and Catharine Parsons, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: Tims. 
Smith, E. Andrews, John Murray, Henry Creighton; by A. F. Atkinson. 

Nov. 24-Thomas Kennedy and Margaret Moonev, both of St. Catharines: witnesses- Jame, 
Doherty, LeClerc Atkinson and another; by Rev. R. Lyons Me Arthur. 

Dec. 2-William Brown and Catharine Augusta Allinson, both of St. Catharines: witnesses: 
snry Tmgey Mole, Mary Ann Mole, LeClerc Atkinson; by R. Lyons Me Arthur. 

Dec. n-Alfred Edwin Rykert and Catharine Ann McDonald, both of St. Catharines- wit 
nesses: Rolland MacDonald, George Rykert, Benjamin Parsons, William Mac- 
Donald, Phillip Maughan, J. R. Benson, George L. Rykert; by A. F. Atkinson. 

Dec. n-William Patterson, Town of Paris, C. W., and Maria McVeigh. St. Catharines- wit- 
!s: William Tinlin, R. A. Clarke, Mary Anne McVeigh; by A. F. Atkinson. 



ies-7. 



Jan. 6-Robert Hornby, M. D., City of Cleveland, O., and Mary Jane Tisdall, St. Cathar- 

arines; witnesses: Alfred Willett, Jane T. Willett. M. Ansley, G. Hornby Win 

P. Atkinson, John Frazer; by A. F. Atkinson. 
Jan. 26-James Burns and Margaret MoFadden, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: Samuel 

Burke, Pascal LeClerc G. Atkinson; by R. Lyons McArthur. 
Feb. f,-Charles Leeming Ball, Township of Thorold, and Ellen Letitia Tousley, Township 

>fGrantham; witnesses:. J. B.Allison, Eliza Spillers; by Rev. W. Leeming. 
April 23-William Hamilton Tinlin and Mary Ann McVeigh, both of St. Catharines- wit 

nesses. William Patterson, Marie Patterson. John Wood, Matilda Tinlin- by \ 

F. Atkinson. 

April 23-John Edward Browne. Village of Thorold. and Matilda Paffard St Catharines 
witnesses: Richard Dunbrill jr., H. Paflard, Helena Paffard. l-:ii/a Browne- by \ 
F. Atkinson. 

April 30-Thomas Wright Nichol, Town of Chatham, C. W., and Sarah Ann Gravdon S( 
Catharines; witnesses: Frank E. Marcon, Thomas F. Graydon. Thomas H Gray 
don, Melinda Ansley, Emily A. Graydon ami many others; by A. F. Atkinson 



Au K . i-Peter Upper, Thorold, an f Isabella Donaldson, Bradford; witnesses: William N 

rrent, Andrew Upper, Eliza Donaldson; by Thomas T. Robarts. 
AUK. 2-Cleveland Forbes and Sarah Andalusia Hall, both of City of Buftalo N Y.- wit 



SS S 



\; V< " r "" 1S<V - M Wi1Ha " ls Ro11 ^ Macdonald, B. C. Rumsej 
Austin Finn. N,l>,,n K. Hopkins; by Thomas T. Robarts. 

ames Daily a.,,1 Jan, Winsfow, both of Village of Thorold; witnesses: Thomas 

FlueLlen, Mary Reynard; by Thomas T. Robarts. 

Dec. S-William Baron, widower, and Elisabeth Fowlie, both of St. Catharines- witnesses; 
William Greenwood, Eleanor Greenwood, Adelaide Fowlie, Robert Fowlie- by 
1 nomas T. Robarts. 

Dec. 22 -John Halligan and Ma,, McFadden, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: fame, 
irnes, Margarel Burn< s; by Thomas T. Robarts. 

iase. 

Feb. ,-Lewis Metzler Cl< men, and Charlotte Eliza Chrysler, both of St. Catharines; wit 

nesses: E. S. Adams, C. A. Clement, J. S. Clement: bv Thomas T Robarts 
-Benjamin. Dales, jr., London. Eng., and now of this parish, and Elisabeth Cathe 



ne Thomas T. Robarts, Sarah E. Hamilton. May Hamilton; bvA. l". 

, 10-Charles Henry P |] and Harriet Peters Phelps. both of St. Catharines- wit- 

J ; " "> Benson Calvin Phelps, Caroline Adams. Laura Armstrong 

John Powell; bv A. F, Atkinson. 

Aprils-John Lepper and Sarah Catharine Emmetj, both of St. Catharines; witnesses 

s \ . Lepper, Arthur Lemper, Julia Emmett; by Thomas T. Robarts. 

May 21 -Thomas Jones, St. Catharines, and Mary Johnston, Port Dalhousie; witnesses: H 
L. Gibson. Mary Jones; by A. F. Atkinson. 

May 26 -Thomas Johnson and Sarah Pa,,,, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: Richard 

Chester, I homas Pa.^et; by A. F. Atkinson. 
Majc-^-Edward James McCarty and Mary Brennan, both of this parish- wit,,,. 

Paget. Mary Gorman; by A. F.Atkinson. 

U " e r2 - J T hn Staim " n >"" 1 Wa H Ann Howl,,. bo,h of Township of Mo ulton; witnes 

Jonathan Woodall, Hannah Woodall; bv A. F. Atkinson. 
ames Radcliffeand Sophia Ha!!, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: Charlott, 

Hall, Thomas II. Powers, Edward Hall; by Thomas T. Robarts. 
Sept. 2-CharlesAn. Arthur Bowen and Louisa Victoria Towers, both of s, Cathar 

witnesses; H. M. Giles. Duncan McFarland, A. Bowen Thos Clark F M r 

can, Thomas ft Towers: by A. 1- . Atkinson. 
Sept: r 4 -Charles Morgan Arnold and Elisabeth Anne Mittleberger: witnesses H Mini 

berger.E. S. Adams. I-;. G. Atkinson. Thomas Clark. M. f () Helliwel] Wn 

Mittleberger, J. H. I,,,, rsoll; by A. 1-. Atkinson. 
NOV " T S -" ( McConlcey, Cit, 6f Toronto, and Frances Eleanor Carlisle, Village of 

Stamford: witnesses: Henrj Carlisle, Daniel Scrinton. Mark Leo Carlisle Fosenh 

Carlisle; by A. I- . Atkin-on. 

rov. i6-Samuel Amsden. \ illa,, of Dunnville, County of Haldimand, and Helena fohanna 
oterCaley. St. ( atha sses: R. Caley, Francis Caley. John McMurdo 

A. C. Caley; by A. 1 



132- 

Dec. 19 Peter Vanderlip and Jane Semantha Ball, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: E. 
Durham, Augusta A. Ball, James H. Ball, Martin E. Ball; by Thomas T. Robarts. 



Jan. 20 Henry Kingsbury and Maria Dungey, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: Arthur 

Boulden, Anna Jones; by Thomas T. Robarts. 
Jan. 30 Patrick Plater and Mary Jane Hill, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: Teresa Gar 

ner, Burr Plato; by Thomas T. Robarts. 
March 8 Frank Brooke Brega, Village of Brampton, County of Peel, and Charlotte Emily 

Birdsall, Township of Toronto; witnesses: J. H. Bowne, C. M. Brega; by Rev. 

James John Bogert. 
April 6 John Ronalds and Emily Agues Massingberd, both of City of London, C. W.; wit 

nesses: F. Massingberd, Henry Ronalds, M. E. L. Ronalds, Theop. Mack, Henry 

Massingberd; by Thomas T. Robarts. 
April 27 John Grant, Town of Chatham, and Ellen Woodall, St. Catharines; witnesses: 

Thomas Grant. Hannah Woodall. Mary Carr; by James J. Bogert. 
May 10 Thomas Edward Howard, City of Toronto, and Ellen Callaghan, St. Catharines; 

witnesses: R. H. Howard, William Donaldson, Thomas T. Robarts, Carrie T. 

Parish; by A, F. Atkinson. 

May 17 Thomas Hostetter and Emma Jane Smith, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: Geo. 
Smith, Julia Kimball, Sarah Gilleland, Herman R.. Hostetter, Nelson Haight; by 
A. F. Atkinson. 

Aug. 4 William Russell Pease and Jane Delia Hynds, both of City of Buffalo, N. Y.: wit 

nesses: Thomas T. Robarts, P. Le Clerc Atkinson; by Rev. J. Gamble Geddes. 
Sept. 29 Philip Prin and Frances Brownlow, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: James Mc- 

Kelvey, Sarah Brownlow, Harriet Williams, Frances Brownlow; by Thomas T. 

Robarts. 
Nov. 23 William Strachan McMurray, Town of Paris, C. W., and Harriet Elisabeth Ham 

ilton, St. Catharines; witnesses: Hester M. Hamilton, J. Sauin McMurray, Wm. 

McMurray, D. D., D. C. L., Theop. Mack; by Rev. William Strachan McMurray. 

eso. 



Mar. 13 
April n 
May 31 



-Beniamin Hawkins, wHower, and Ellen Connor, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: 
Richard Wright, Sarah Ann Wright; by Thomas T. Robarts. 

-John Ross, Town of Paris, C. W., and Rachael McVeigh, St. Catharines; wit 
nesses: Alex. Qr.in, Sarah E. Broderick, William Brownlee; by Thomas T. 
Robarts. 

--William Harding Jones and Sophia Stinson, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: 
Samuel Walker, Mary Ann King; by Thomas T. Robarts. 

Arthur Lepper and Julia Emmett, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: Walter W. 
Tyrill, Julia Kimball, John Lepper; by Thomas T. Robarts. 

-James John Boeert, Clerk in Holy Orders of Town of Prescott, and Elisabeth 
Grant Atkinson, St. Catharines; witnesses: A. F. Atkinson. D. P., G. Atkinson, 
William P. Atkinson, W. A. Merry, Mary M. Fuller, M. Ansley, E. W. Babcock, 
Beverley Jones, Richard Bogert; by Rev. Saltern Givens. 



133 

S:pt. 12 Richard Newman and Margaret Carney, both of Village of Port Dalhousie; wit 

nesses: John Holder, Eliza Holder; by Thomas T. Robarts. 
Sept. 13 John Cole, widower, and Mary Ann Maxey, widow, both of St. Catharines; wit 

nesses: James Harris, Sarah Baines; by Thomas T. Robarts. 
Oct. 5 John Calvert and Charlotte Buckmaster, both of Township of Dunn; witnesses; 

Thomas D. Phillipps, Henry Yale; by Thomas T. Robarts. 
Nov. 13 John Stephenson and Amelia Sarah Strainge, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: 

Mary Ann Strainge, J. H. Connoly; by Thomas T. Robarts. 
Dec. :8 Robert Bradley and Annabella Wilson, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: Thomas 

Wilson, Susan Wilson; by Thomas T. Robarts. 



Jan. 3 Edward Watchorn, Township of Minto, C. W., and Anne Stone, St. Catharines; 

witnesses. Edmond Bradley, William Hare; by Thomas T. Robarts. 
Jan. 8 John Gilmore and Lydia Harris, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: James Bird, 

Elisabeth Harris; by Thomas T. Robarts. 
July 15 James Kyle, Town of Brockville, and Victoria Howse, St. Catharines; witnesses: 

William A. Mittleberger, H. Mittleberger, Henry Howse, Evadna Arnold; by 

A. F. Atkinson. 
Sept. 10 George Barr, Private in H. M. Royal Canadian Rifle Regiment, and Mary Anne 

Mai-chant, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: Mary Illsey, Charles Illsey, Corpl. 

R. C. R.; by Thomas T. Robarts. 
Oct. 14 Thomas Davis and Eli/a Ann McFarland, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: Ellen 

Turney, William McFarland; by Thomas T. Robarts. 

Oct. 1 6 Alexander Thomas, widower, and Abigail Mallyon (maiden name Law), both of 
St. Catharines; witnesses: G. V. Hamilton, Bessey Walker, James Wood; by 

Thomas T. Robarts. 
Dec. 3- Robert Taylor Burns, Town of Lindsay, C. W., and Elizabeth Margaret Empson 

Giles, St. Catharines; witnesses: Theophilus Mack, Thomas Burns, H. M. Giles, 

Sarah Giles, Alfred Willett, Bernard Giles; by A. F. Atkinson. 
j) ec . 18 William Henry Sheldon and Louisa Purser, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: 

James Saunders, Mary Ann Morton, Matilda Purser; by Thomas T. Robarts. 
Dec. 24 Thomas Wand and Ann Saunders, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: John Martin- 

dale, Jane Saunders, James Saunders; by Thomas T. Robarts. 

I960. 

j. ( >h. i3-James Bird and Elisabeth Harris, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: James Harris, 

Alley Ann Harris; by Thomas T. Robarts. 
March 4 John Guinter and Bethiah Laws, both of Township of Pelham; witnesses: Andrew 

Hansler, jr., W. Watson; by Thomas T. Robarts. 
May 5 James Wilkinson and Elisabeth Bradley, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: Agnes 

Cochran, Robert Bradley; by Thomas T. Robarts. 
June 5 George William Peirce and Julia Power Adams, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: 

Thomas Adams, Thomas Clark, Caioline Adams, H. Killaly, A. M. Benson, 

Margaret Peirce, Thomas Rogers Hamilton; by A. F. Atkinson. 



134- 

Juiie 23 Henry George S abine, Towri of Clifton, and Rebecca Jane Dittrick, St. Catharine :>. 
witnesses: R. T. Dittrick, Rosco Dittrick, Margery Ann Dittrick; by Thomas T. 
Robarts. 

July 15 Joseph Purcer and Caroline Williams, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: Alfred 

C. Ellis, Mary Anne Williams; by Thomas T. Robarts. 
July 21 Richard Glassbrook and Esther Hodgins (maiden name Dalton), both of St. Cath 

arines; witnesses: John Lawson, Mary Lawson; by Rev. W. E> Cooper. 
July 31 John Parrel, City of London, C. W., and Louisa Parsons, Village ot Beamsville;: 

witnesses: Henry Parsons, Sarah Parsons; by Rev. Edward Denroche; 
Sept. ii William Adams Mittleberger and Julia Maria Burns, both of St. Catharines; wit 

nesses: H. Mittleberger, Thomas Burns, Robert E. Burns, Charles E. Mittleber-- 

ger, James Benson, E. Campbell; by A. F. Atkinson. 
Nov. ii Charles Gamon, Town of Collingwood, County of Sirncoe, and Margaret Parke. 

St. Catharines; witnesses: Thomas Parke, Clarence Moberly, Edward D. Parke, 

Elisabeth Stainage, H. R. Parke; by A. F. Atkinson. 
Dec. 17 Alexander Williams and Frances Jackson, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: Ed- 

mond Bradley, Eliza Bradley; by Thomas T. Robarts. 

1SS3, 

Jan. 27 John Kingston and Elizabeth Epsey, both of Village of Port Colborne, County of 
Welland; witnesses: William Cooke, Ellen Cooke, Joseph Espey; by Thomas T. 
Robarts. 

Feb. 19 George Ephraim Patterson, Town of Perth, County of Lanark, and Allie Ann Har 

ris, St. Catharines; witnesses: James Harris, Maria Souter, John Wright, James 

Harris; by Thomas T. Robarts. 
Feb. 26 Joseph Jackson, City of Toronto, and Alice Jordan, Village of Port Robinson; wit 

nesses: David Hughes, Mary Ann Hughes, William Servos, Elisabeth Jordan; by 

Thomas T. Robarts. 

June 4 Henry Martin Giles and Jane Peirce, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: Alicia 
Peirce, J. Bevans Giles, G. M. Peirce, J. L. Giles; by Thomas T. Robarts. 

Oct. 6 Charles Sharpe, Dacotah Mills, Township of Nelson, and Adelaide Fowlie, St 
Catharines; witnesses: Robert Fowlie, Albert Fowlie, William Baron; by A. F. 
Atkinson. 

Oct. 13 Henry John Broderick Brownrigg, Deputy Commissary-General, City of Montreal 
and Alice Emma Macdonald, St. Catharines; witnesses: Rolland McDonald, J. 
Lance Gravelay, Agnes McDonald, Bella Nellis, Jonathan E. Elmes; by A. F. 
Atkinson. 

Oct. 27 Edward Dean and Mary Anne Williams, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: George, 
Clutterbuck, Caroline Purser; by Thomas T. Robafts. 



Feb. 18 George Bartholomew Boyle and Frances Boyle, both of St. Catharines; witnesses; 

Andrew Boyle, Arthur R. Boyle, Frances Mary Boyle; by A. F. Atkinson. 
Mar. 29 William Sagittary Champ, City of Hamilton, and Sarah Emily Mitchell Hillman 

St. Catharines; witnesses: O. Hillman, J. S. Champ, E. J. C. Street, E. Champ/ 

H. Colbeck, J. Colbeck; by Thomas T. Robarts 1 , 



April 5 William Fredrick Terry, M. D., Town of Oakville, C. W., and Catharina Stirling, 
City of Hamilton; witnesses: Edward Woolverton, John Shaw, Emily H. Ratt 
ray; by A. F. "Atkinson. 

June 10 James Solomon Ford, Wilmington, Del., and Sarah Ann Matilda Purser, St. Cath 
arines; witnesses: Cornelius John Cole, Agnes Lydian; by Rev. Henry Holland. 

Sept. 19 Robert Kennedy and Henrietta Jane Patterson, both of Town of Niagara; witnesses: 
F. A. B. Clench, Robert Peterson; by Henry Holland. 

Oct. 3 Arsephus Higgins and Elisabeth Jane Gorman, both of Pittsburgh, Pa.; witnesses: 
George Gorman, William Joseph Cuff; by Henry Holland. 

Oct. 6 Leonard Durham and Catharine Durham, both ot Township of Grantham; wit 
nesses: James Durham, W. N. Hutt; by Henry Holland. 

Oct. 26 Michael Kane and Josephine Morey. both of St. Catharines; witnesses: John 
Joslin, J. E. Henning; by Henry Holland. 

Oct. 27 James A. Merrigold, City of Chicago, 111., and Mary A. Bussell, Toronto; witnesses: 
Hiram Slate, William A. Chisholm; by Henry Holland. 

Nov. 10 Francis Louis Mack and Caroline Adams, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: James 
Benson, Augustus Jukes; by Henry Holland. 

Dec. 14 John Cook Thomson, City of Quebec, and Carolina Arabella Nellis, St. Catharines; 
witnesses: Newland Maynard, Catharine J. V. Racey; by Henry Holland. 

Dec. 29 Herbert Griffiths and Charlotte Hall, both of this parish; witnesses: William 
Welch, Louisa Hall; by Henry Holland. 

isss, 

Jan. 3 Samuel Fisher, Township of Grantham, and Isabella McKeague, Village ot Thor- 
old; witnesses: William Aikens, Mary Beatty; by Henry Holland. 

Feb. 18 Archie Storrs and Annie Williams, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: John 
Sheehan, Fanny Williams; by Henry Holland. 

Mar. 16 Francis Meighan and Mary Jane Steel, both of Township of Grantham; witnesses: 
Alfred Henton, Matilda Henton; by Henry Holland. 

April 13 Richard Wells Councer and Emma Jane Ferguson, both of Port Robinson: wit 
nesses: Andrew Davis, Thalia Davis-; by Henry Holland. 

May 8 John Armstrong, Township of North Cayuga, and Elizabeth Ross, Village of Port 
Dalhousie; witnesses: Curtis Rose, Margaret Merun; by Henry Holland. 

June 8 James Andrew S. Miller and Henrietta Louisa Ranney-, both of St. Catharines; wit 
nesses: John H. Miller, Harriet E. Sandbridge; by Rev. Charles H. Badgley. 

Sept. 21 Charles Lizmore and Emily Goodenough, both of Town of St. Catharines; wit 
nesses: Richard Simmons, Mrs-, Meighen; by Rev. Joseph Dinzey. 

Nov. 28 William Geddes Stark, City of Hamilton, and Caroline Elisabeth Towers, St. 
Catharines; witnesses: A/Bowen, Thomas H. Towers; by Henry Holland 

Dec. 14 Richard Wright and Amelia Purser, both of town of St. Catharines; witnesses. 
Joseph Purser, Sarah A. Wright; by Henry Holland. 

Oec. 25 James Old, Caledonia, County of Haldimand, and Millicent Heleanor Holmes 
Township of Grantham; witnesses: Josiah Holmes, William Greenwood: 1>\ 
Henry Holland. 



-1- 

r 3 6. 



j an . i William Winslow, Thorold, County of Welland, and Amelia White, Grantham; 

witnesses: G. S. Yokome, M. A. McMahon; by Henry Holland. 
Jan. 15 -John Johnson, Port Dalhousie, and Caroline Ostrom, St. Catharines; witnesses:. 

Thomas O Donnell, Annie Reid; by Henry Holland. 

Jan. i7-Thomas Porter and Augusta Kimball, both of Town of St. Catharines, County of 
Lincoln, Province of Canada;: witnesses;- J. V. Lepper, C,-C. Riggins, Jane Kim- 
ball; by Henry Holland. 
Mar. 15 Alfred N. Tenbroeck and Eliza Emmett.both of Township of Grantham; witnesses; 

William H, Emmett, Mary M. Secord; by Henry Holland,. 
May 7 Charles Newman, Town of Windsor, and Harriet Mills, Town of St. Catharines; 

witnesses: Elisabeth Mills, James Mills, Elisabeth Mills; by Joseph Dinzey. 
May 25 James Ward and Jane McKenney,. both of City of Toronto; witnesses: George- 

Davies, Alexander McGlashan, Sarah McKenney; by Joseph Dinzey. 
Aug. 18 Robert Partington and Hannah Bailey, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: Thomas 

Hackett, Eliza Hackett; by Rev. John Francis.. 
Sept. 3 John Howe Pullman, Town of Niagara and Elisabeth Florence Secord, Grantham;. 

witnesses: Samuel Secord, Mary Waiters; by Joseph Dinzey. 

Sept. 17 Rev. Abram Nelles, widower, County of Brant, and Sarah A. Macklem, Village of 
Chippawa; witnesses: William Harvey, M. L. Harvey; by Rev. E. R. Stinson, 
Incumbent St. John s Church, Louth. 

Nov. 14 Joseph Graham and Elizabeth Montgomery, both of Town of St. Catharines, 
County of Lincoln, Province of Canada; witnesses: Frederick Vine, Samuel 
Montgomery Esther Emma Montgomery, Isabella Montgomery; by John 
Francis. 

D ec . 7 Henry Samuel Witty, Town of Brantford, and Caroline Black, St. Catharines; 
witnesses: Eleazer King, Fanny Witty; by Henry Holland, 

iss-r. 

Jan. 16 Lawrence 1 Pol a-rd of this town and Margaret Stonehonse of the same place; wit 
nesses: Calvin C. Cosby, Nancy Ann Smith; by John Francis. 

June ii James Bradley, Township of Grantham, and Elisabeth Mills, Town of St. Cathar 
ines; witnesses: William Bradley, Catharine Hurley; by Henry Holland. 

June 24 -William Bradley, Township of Grantham, and Jane Anne Clogg, Town of St. 
Catharines; witnesses: John Bradley, Mary Clogg; by Henry Holland. 

(iily 19 James McPherson Reeve and Johannah Martha Woodhouse, both of City of To 
ronto; witness: Augustus Jukes; by Henry Holland. 

Aug. 6 John Kei r Gordon and Mary Jemima Burgess, both of Town of St. Catharines; wit 
nesses: E. R. Coleman-. J. K. Black; by John Francis. 

Sept. 24 William Hindson, Township of Grantham, and Agnes Lambert, same Township; 
witnesses: William H. Tuffbrd, Alice Eliza Hindson; by Henry Holland. 

Oct. 3 -Charles William Paterson, City of Toronto, and Mary Benson, St. Catharines; wit 
nesses: J. A. Paterson, Sarah C. Benson; by Thomas T. Robarts. 

Oct. (j Hugh L. Cole and Susan Tarleton, both of Mobile, U. S. A.; witnesses: E, P. Dar- 
/.an, J. A. Early, Ellen Tarleton; by Henry Holland. 



Nov. 5 Charles Hemphill and Ann Augusta Harris, both of Town of St. Catharines; wit 

nesses: William Francis Young, Jane Stover, John Wright; by John Francis. 
Nov. 20 John Morier Turnbull, widower, and Salina Jane Birnie, widow, both of St. Catha 

rines; witnesses: Alexander Dorrington, Margaret Ann Stovin; John Francis. 
Nov. 26 Arthur Grantham, widower, City of Toronto, and Malinda Ansley, St. Catharines; 

witnesses: J. H. Ansley, William P. Atkinson, Bertha Shanklin, H. Isabella 

Atkinson; by Henry Holland. 
Nov. 28 Newell Bate, City of Ottawa, and Elisabeth Taylor, St. Catharines; witnesses: 

C. E. Hamilton, Ross Bryson, Thomas Burns, J. B. Benson; by Henry Holland. 
Nov. 28 -J. Ambrose Goodman and Helen Taylor, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: C. E. 

Hamilton, Ross Bryson, J. B. Benson, Thomas Burns; by Henry Holland. 
Dec. ii Joseph Irwin and Mary Jane Williams, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: Calvin 

Cook Cosby, Nancy Ann Smitt; by John Francis. 

isee. 

Mar. jo Harry Murton, Town of Guelph, and Marian Atkinson, St. Catharines; witnesses: 

Charles P. Hill, Curtis Murton, Maria Kingston, Emma Towers; by Henry Hol 

land. 
May 8 Cornelius John Clifford, Port Dalhousie, and Charlotte Malonia Wheeler, St. 

Catharines; witnesses: Sarah Wheeler, John Hood; by Henry Holland. 
June 10 James A. De Potie, Village of Georgetown, County of Halton, and Maria Brown- 

lee, Township of Grantham; witnesses: John Robertson, Lucinda De Potie, 

Andrew Secord; by Henry Holland. 
Aug. 26 James Lucas and Vitellah Preston, both of St. Catharines; witnesses Thomas 

Morgan, Lucretia Preston, Deborah Jones, by Henry Holland. 
Oct. 12 William Fisher and Ann Jane Aikens, both of Township of Grantham; witnesses: 

W. B. Carey, Andrew Aikens, Margaret Strong; by Henry Holland, 
Oct. 13 George Beverley Reynolds and Elisabeth Scotter, both of St. Catharines; wit 

nesses: Jennie Stovin, Jane Hollingworth, Mary J. Madden; by Henry Holland. 
Nov. 10 John Anderson and Hannah Saunders, widow, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: 

William Brant, Elisabeth Reynolds; by Alex. Dixon. 
Dec. 26 Charles Edward Laumann, Brooklyn, N. Y., and Sarah Louisa Bowen, St. Catha 

rines; witnesses: Henry Morison, Emma Towers, Jane C. Timmonds, William 

Geddes Stark; by Henry Holland. 



Jan. 4 John Thomas Winslow, Township of Grantham, and Frances Josephine Hall, 

Cincinnati, Ohio; witnesses: Albert Chatfield, Sarah Ann Winslow, W. Chat- 

field, Mrs. A. Chatfield, by Henry Holland. 
Jan. 13 Henry Higgins, Village of Allanburgh, and Ann Jane Smith, Centreville; witnesses: 

George Burley, Margaret Gillan, Casper Brader, Alice Bradley; by Henry Hol 

land. 
Feb. 2 William Spence and Grace Burgess, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: James 

Burgess, Ann Burgess, Warren Spence, Robert Spence; by Henry Holland. 
Mar. 4 Alexander Brown, City of Toronto, and Catharine Reeves, St. Catharines; wit 

nesses: Wm. Kinniger, Mary Reeves, C. C. Nelson; by Henry Holland. 



Aug. 24 David Thomas Duncombe, Simcoe, County of Norfolk, and Ernily Rebecca Cam 
eron Powell, St. Catharines; witnesses: C. W. Reilly, Florence Powell, John 
Powell and others; by Henry Holland. 

Aug. 24 George James Douglas, St. Catharines, and Mary Jane Ford, St. Catharines; wit 
nesses: Win. C. Boyer, D. Boyer; by Henry Holland. 

Sept. 8 Simeon Edwin Perkiss and Julia T. Spink, both of Hamilton; witnesses: P. L 
Scriven, M. A. Scriven; by Rev. J. McLean Ballard. 

Nov. 28 James Gordon, Township of Niagara, and Emily Brooker, St. Catharines; wit 
nesses: Edward Charles Brooker, Matilda Webb, George Gander; by J. McLean 
Ballard. 

Dec. 14 William Hayden, City of London, Ont., and Eliza Ann Boyle, St. Catharines; wit 
nesses: J. McLean Ballard, James Boyle, William Boyle, Miss Jane Fowler. 
R. H. Smith, Jane Stover; by Henry Holland. 

Dec. 28. Henry Purser and Fanny Litle, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: W. Purser, 
Margaret Litle, Mrs. McCallum; by J. McLean Ballard. 

Dec. 29- Simpson H. Graydon, City of London, Ont., and Margaret Pierce, St. Catharines; 
witnesses: G. William Pierce, Alicia Pierce, William Foote, Mary Graydon; by 
Henry Holland. 

D fc c. Jo George Turner, Thorold, and Amelia Jane Greengrass, St. Catharines; witnesses: 
Jennie E. Henning, Samuel Montgomery, Sarah Jane Greengrass, James Mouu- 
deskey; by Henry Holland. 

370.. 

Jan. 31 Francis Oriel and Ellen Dee, both residing at Rochester, New York State; wit 
nesses; R. Woodruff, Eleonora Holland, Mary L. Holland; by Henry Holland. 

Feb. 9 James John Harvey and Elizabeth Mary Harvey, both residing at St. Catharines; 
witnesses: A . W. Harvey, Thomas P. Harvey, John C. Woodruff, Rhoda M, 
Forbes; by Henry Holland. 

Mar. 22 Henry Hare and Anna Mills, both residing at St. Catharines; witnesses: James 
Collier, Mary McGinnis, Elisabeth Bralb; by J. McLean Ballard, 

April 5 James Gander, St. Catharines, and Adelaide Parnall, Grantham; witnesses: Wm, 
Parnall, Jane Parnall, William A. Parnall; by Henry Holland. 

April 28 Barnabas Albert Haynes, Grantham. and Sarah Jessie Greengrass, St. Catharines; 
witnesses: Alexander Dittrick, Jennie E. Henning, George Turner, M. Green- 
grass; by Henry Holland. 

May 9 -Neil Christiansen and Mary Ann Phenix, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: James 
Meadows, Maria Meadows; by Henry Holland. 

IIIIH 2 Daniel Robert Wilkie and Sarah Caroline Benson, both of St. Catharines; wit 
nesses: James Johnson, jr., Mr. Allan Cassels, Susan Benson, R. C. Miller, Helen 
Benson, Calvin Brown, Edith Atkinson. Blanche Ingersoll; by Henry Holland. 

June 13 \Villiam Walker and Lavinia Dougherty, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: Charles 
Farrell, David Cooper; by Henry Holland. 

July 7 John Henderson, Wainfleet, and Margaret Johnston, Wellanport; witnesses: Ed. 
Henderson, J. W. Johnston, Agnes Jane Makeigue, Susan Elisabeth Makeigue, 
by Henry Holland. 

I uly 18 Robert Charles Guerin and Agnes Carter, both of Clifton^ witnesses: Wm. M. Paul, 
L. K. Binkley, C. E. Davis, R. M. Carter. Sarah Guerin, R. F. Carter, B. A. 
Haynrs; by Henry Holland. 



139- 

July 19 James Hepburn Burns, St. Louis, U. S. A., and Edith Stovin, St. Catharines; wit 
nesses: John E. Kennedy, Julia K. Stovin, Thomas Clark, Alice Stovin; by- 
Thomas T. Robarts. 

July 27 Thomas Clarke, Woodstock, and Fannie Williams, St. Catharines; witnesses: 

James Williams, Jane L. Wright, Clara Wright; by J. McLean Ballard. 
July 27 Walden E. Clarke and Fanny Hack, both of Woodstock; witnesses: Wm. H. Hack, 

Clara Wright, Jane L. Wright; by J. McLean Ballard. 
Aug. 4 Edward William Putland and Maria Louisa Calcott, both of St. Catharines; wit 

nesses: James J. Wilson, Amelia Calcott, Ann Eliza Calcott; by J. McLean 

Ballard. 
Sept. 29 Calvin Brown and Alicia Helen Benson, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: Albert G. 

Brown, Thomas R. Merritt, Emily R. Merritt, Bella Dixon; by Thomas T. 

Robarts. 

Nov. i Beverley Riley, Pattsburgh, U. S., and Eliza Ann Young, St. Catharines; wit 

nesses: Robert C. Young, Caroline F. Lee; by J. McLean Ballard. 
Nov. 23 John Bullivant, Grantham, and Letticia Ann Milton, St. Catharines; witnesses: 

S. D, Woodruff, F. Bullivant, Henry Carlisle, Annie Leslie; by Henry Holland. 
Dec. i-Henry Powell Page and Emma Hodgson, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: Sarah 

O Hara, Emily Brooks; by Henry Holland. 
Dec. 13 Frederick Pickering and Henrietta Dorothen Wolff, both of St, Catharines; wit 

nesses: George Gander, Eleonora Holland; by Henry Holland. 



Feb. 8 Thomas Clark and Margaret Sarah Tinline, both of Port Dalhousie; witnesses: 

Wm, Powell, Annie Reid; by J. McLean Ballard, 
July 5 Charles Colthurst and Elisabeth Jane Mclntyre, both of Hamilton; witnesses: 

Mary Letitia Holland, George Gander; by Henry Holland. 
July ao-John Edward Caroll and Margery Harris, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: Sarah 

Hall; James Brownlee, James Harris; by Rev. A. L. Shaw, Missionary, Grantham. 
Aug. i James Noble and Mary Ellen Stanton, both of Port Dalhousie; witnesses: Thomas 

Woodall, Deloss May; by Henry Holland. 
Aug. 10 John Swanson and Emma Fletcher, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: Samuel 

Fletcher, Priscilla Fletcher, Agnes Leeper; by J. McLean Ballard. 
Aug. 24 John Thomas Lee, Georgetown, D. C., and Mallie McGuinn, St. Catharines; wit 

nesses: Samuel M. Mason, Alex, Moore, Catharine Moore, Mary Talbott; by 

Henry Holland. 

Sept. 20 Patrick Steep, Thorold, and Frances Urlockei, Grantham; witnesses: Michael 
Urlocker, Louisa Urlocker, Sarah Steep, John P. Boucock; by J. McLean 
Ballard. 

Oct. 18 Thomas James Prior, Merritton, and Sarah Ann Winslow, Merritton; witnesses: 

George Paton, Florence E. Knight, Win. Winslow, Mrs. Wm. Winslow; by- 

Henry Holland. 
Nov. 7 Thomas Brigham Bentley, B. M., Sutton, Co. York, and Catherine McKenzie 

Anderson, Co. York; witnesses: Charles Norton, Mrs. M. J. Norton; by Henry- 

Holland. 

Dec ry Theodore Thompson, St. Catharines, and Harriet Groves, St. Catharines; wit 
nesses: T. P. Thompson, George Groves; by Henry Holland. 



jtne 



140. 

1B72. 
M;ir. 3 John Bradley, Merritton, and Semanthe Bessey, Merritton; witnesses: John 

Foley,, Jonathan Jackson; by Henry Holland. 
June ii James A. Gage, Township of Barton, and Harriet Amelia Lottridge, Township of 

Saltfleet; witnesses: P. R. Gage, H. J. Gage; by Henry Holland. 
13 Adelbert Clark Tuttle, of St. Catharines, and Margaret Eleanor S. Carlisle, of St. 

Catharines; witnesses. Wm. Dougan, M. D., Annie Carlisle, Albert G. Brown. 

Fannie Keating, George C. Carlisle; by Henry Holland, 
nly 3 Wallace Tufts, Township of Crowland, and Maria Hanna, Township of Crowland; 

witnesses: Wm. Hanna, Sarah Tufts; by Henry Holland. 
July 10 John Hastings, Hamilton, P. C., and Jane Mulholland, Port Robinson; witnesses: 

Reginald H. Starr, C. A. Graft; by Henry Holland. 
July 25 George Albert Thomas and Elizabeth Watson, both of Port Robinson; witnesses: 

John H. Watson, Elizabeth H. Murray; by Henry Holland. 
Oct. 23 John Boyle, Carbondale, Pa., U. S. A., and Jane Boyle, St. Catharines; witnesses: 

William Huston, Mary Boyle; by Henry Holland. 
Oct. 23 George Everett Cooper and Julia Ann Smith, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: 

Robert McNicol, Sarah McLean, William Young, Georgie Smith; by Henry 

Holland. 
Oc . 30 Dexter D E. Potter, Fonthill, and Anne Bullivant, St. Catharines; witnesses: J. S. 

Buchner, Martha Bullivant, Thomas Bullivant, Laliah Potter, John Bullivant, J. 

McLean Ballard; by Henry Holland. 
Nov. 5 John Jeeves and Augusta Ray, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: George Jeeves, 

Lizzie MacKinder;,by Henry Holland. 
Nov. 12 Philip H. Grobb and Alice M. Dittrick,both of St. Catharines; witnesses: Chancey 

Dittrick, H. J. Hainer, Alex Dittrick; by Henry Holland. 

Dec. 4 George Ben. Brooks and Theresa Helena Henshaw, both of Grantham; wit 
nesses: Thos. R. Merrltt, Stephen R. Boyle, Elizabeth Landor, Annie M. Benson; 

by John McLean Ballard. 
Dec. ii John Akir.s and Sarah Haynes, both of the Township of Wainfleet; witnesses: John 

Simpson, Jeannette Ballard and another; by John McLean Ballard. 
Dec. 24 James Brewer andGeraldine Elizabeth Wheeler, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: 

Augusta Wheeler, Jane L. Quirt, Robt. Wheeler and another; by John McLean 

Ballard. 

1673. 

Jan. 29 Phileskey Edwin Stanley of London, Ont., and Ellen Peterson, of St. Catharines; 

witnesses: \"S. W. Fitzgerald, Katie Peterson, Alex. Munro, Maggie Stanley; by 

Henry Holland. 
Feb. ii John Goodliffe, Byron, N. Y., and Margaret Clambert, St. Catharines; witnesses: 

W. H. Hooke, Florence Knight, Hannah Chatfield, W. Clambert; by John 

McLean Ballard. 

April 1 6 - James Raymond Clark and Caroline Bertha Tucker, both of St. Catharines; wit 
nesses: F. J. Helliwell, S. K. Clarke, L. D. Raymond, E. A. Clarke; by Henry 

Holland. 
April 16 Saml. Gilbert Crow and Elizabeth Keating, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: W. 

H. Brownlee, Edward Ellis; by Henry Holland. 



April 
June 
June 
Juiy 

Aug. 

Aug. 
Sept. 

Oct. 



Dec. 

Dec. 
Dec. 



23 Henry Brown, Merritton, and Emma Burridge, St. Catharines; witnesses: John 
Etheridge, Mary Williams; by Henry Holland. 

ii William Wellington Taylor and Mary Moors, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: 
Win. Walkinshaw, Lucy A. A. Smith; by Henry Holland. 

28 Henry Charles Hevvard and Anne Elizabeth Saunders, both of St. Catharines; wit 
nesses: Thos. H. McCoomb, Martha M. Phipps; by Henry Holland. 

30-Thos Chas. Dorrington, widower, Port Robinson, and Margaret Jane Hanna 
Foley, widow, Welland; witnesses: P. H. Morin, Emeline Hannah- by Rev 
William Short. 

7 William Dougan and Ann Helena Carlisle, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: Geo. 

C. Carlisle, A. M. Spencer; Alex. McLaren, Henrietta D. Carlisle, Thomas T. 

Robarts, Ann E. Stinson, Thos. Clark, S. Dougan; by Henry Holland. 
14 Benjamin Harriman and Ann J. Gibson, both of Chippawa; witnesses: John E. 

Whalley, Susanna Gibson; by Henry Holland, 
ii Patrick C. Conley, Mobile, Ala., U. S. A., and Mary E. Carnes, Memphis, Tenn.; 

witnesses: Saml. Tate, H. K. Averell, Thos. D. Radcliffe, Lizzie T. Tait, Lizzie 

T. Radcliffe; by Thomas T. Robarts. 
23 Frank Warren, Brooklin, Township ofWhitby, and Henrietta Elizabeth Burns; 

St. Catharines; witnesses: John W. Burnham, Bella A. Burns, Fred. J. Helliwell, 

J. White, jr., Annie Taylor, Hugh Eccles, Mary Maxwell, Louisa L. Chisholm ; 

by Henry Holland. 

19 Edmund F. Cowan, Princeton, Ont., and Isabella Hill, St. Catharines; witnesses: 
E. W. Cowan. Charles Popham Hill, A. M. Hill, Mary D. Moore- by Henry 
Holland. 

ii -Saml. H. Wallis, Montreal, P. Q., and Anne Susan Leslie, St. Catharines; wit 
nesses: L. W. Benjamin, Amy Woodruff, John P. Leslie, S. D. Woodruff; by 
Henry Holland. 

23 Benjamin Ferguson, Township of Collingwood, and Margaret Braden, Township 
of Humberstone; witnesses: Edith H. Holmes, C. B. Ogden; by Henry Holland. 

30 George S. Holmested, Toronto; and Edith Maria Atkinson, St. Catharines; wit 
nesses: Beverley Jones, Bella Atkinson, J. H. Ansley, Win. P. Atkinson, Robert 
Shanklin, Thomas T. Robarts; by J. J. Bogert. 



Mar. 1 1 -Douglas Smith and Maria Alice Welch, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: David 
Smith, Camilla V. Watson; by Henty Holland. 

July 13 -Edward Richard John Russel and Matilda Eliza Chapman, both of Merritton; wit 
nesses: H. Brown, Emma Brown; by A. W. Macnab. 

July 16 Arthur Holingsworth Hollaad, Montreal, and Alicia Peirce, St. Catharines; wit 
nesses: G. W. Peirce, W. D. Peirce, Martha Holland, Elenora Holland, H. M. 
Giles; by Henry Holland. 

Aug. 22 John Saunders, St. Catharines, and Louisa Dodwell, London, Ont.; witnesses: 
.Francis W. Kirkpatrick, George Gander; by A. W. Macnab. 

Aug. 27 James Williams and Martha Amelia Nath, both of Port Dalhousie; witnesses: John 
E. Read, E. J. Powell; by A. W. Macnab. 






I 4 2. 



Sept. 7 David Nottage and Susan Hayden, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: William H. 

Dunn, Walter H. Silvester; by A. W. Macnab. 
Sept. 23 Johnson Clench and Eliza Izard, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: D. W. Bixby s 

G. W. Clench; by A. W. Macnab. 
Sept. 29 William Dunmer Powell and Octavia Smith, both of St. Catharines; witnesses; 

Thos. Clark, Emily F. Smith, Frances Smith, Alex. W. Macnab; by Henry 
. Holland. 
Oct. 13 Joseph Harnish and Caroline Knoll, both of Humberstone; witnesses: C. J. Hol 

land, Mary L. Macrae; by Henry Holland, 
Oct. 27 Isaac Johnson and Mary Scott, both of Port Dalhousie; witnesses: George Hous 

ton, Jemima MeDougal; by Henry Holland. 
Oct. 28 George Jeeves and Julia Woodruff, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: Rossanna 

Woodruff, Fredrick Bridges; by A. McNab. 
Oct. 28 Josiah Bradish, Fair Plains, Mich., and Mary Ann Nelson, St Catharines; wit 

nesses: M. G. Bates, Ann M. Frankland, Arthur Aikine, G. T. Frankland, Amalia 

D. Aikine, Henry R. Frankland; by Henry Holland. 
Nov. 16 Charles Hy. Walkerly and Elizabeth Crosby, both of Port Dalhousie; witnesses- 

Fred. Wood, Amanda Runchey; by Henry Holland. 
Dec. 3 Matthew Henry Little, Hamilton, and Mary Ann Meadows, St. Catharines; wit 

nesses: Henry J. Todd, Ida Locke; by Henry Holland. 
Dec. 15 Fredrick Potts and Charlotte Rebecca Lawrence, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: 

Robert J. Black, Susan Lawrence, J. E. Lawrence; by A. W. Macnab. 
Dec. 21 Richard Birbeck, Thorold, .and Florence Elizabeth Knight, St. Catharines; wit 

nesses: Geo. Clark, J. Batten, Miss Little, Miss Davy, Miss Dorr, Miss Chant- 

bers, Matthew Booth, A. Little; by Henry Holland. 
Dec. 22 Nelson Alex. Morley, Thorold, and Ann Eliza Calcott, St. Catharines; witnesses: 

James Lemon, Amelia Calcott, James Calcott; by Henry Holland. 



April 10 Archibald Crawford and Mary Ann Pay, both of Grantham; witnesses: Edward 

Pay, Mary Jane Gates; by Henry Holland. 
May 3 Francis David Hillson, London, Ont., and Charlotte Elizabeth Clement, Niagara; 

witnesses: Calvin Wesley Anderson, Elisabeth Hillson; by Henry Holland. 
May 9 Joseph Miller and Mary Elisabeth Cowell, both of Grantham; witnesses: E. Cowell, 

Eliza Ann Cockle; by Henry Holland. 
May 22 John William Marling, Halifax, N. S., and Emma Sophia Bingham Birchall, St, 

Catharines; Witnesses: J. W. Henry, J. W. Birchall, Frank King, A. P. Birchall; 

by Henry Holland. 
May 27 James F. Lowe and Kate Southcott,*both of St. Catharines; witnesses: Win. H. 

Lowe, Frances Pennington, John T. Sonthcott, Matilda Lowe; by Henry Hol-- 

land, 
June 12 Alfred Cornelius Ellis, Toronto, and Philomena Gordon, St. Catharines; witnesses; 

Domnick Gordon, Ellen Murphy; by Henry Holland. 
June 17 Llewellyn Henry T. Robertson, Toronto, and Annie Flora Taylor, St. Catharines; 

witnesses: W. B. Crombie, Agnes Taylor, Henry J. Taylor, Elisabftth Eleanor 

Beaty, Louisa L. Chisholm, John Wm. Molson, Maggie L. Bate, H. Cecil Givins-, 

by Henry Holland. 



143 

July 12 Luther Orrfen Upper and Delphine Pennyman, both of Merrittcn; witnesses: Jared 

James Upper, Julia Pennyman; by Henry Holland. 

Aug. 4 George William Henry, Thorold, and Annie Payne Birchall, St. Catharines; wit 
nesses: T. W. Fisher, J. Gamble Geddis, L. Bolton, F. L. Hooper, John t. 

Evans, C. H. Evans, Frank King, T. Shivers Birchall, Alex. W. Macnab; by 

Henry Holland. 
Sept. 23 Joseph Thurston See an Mary Jane Ette, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: Harry 

See, Eliza Ette, John W. Coy; by A. W. Macnab. 
Oct. 12 Frank Hill and Levadne Eleanor Johnston, both of Louth; witnesses: Mary 

Gregory, Andrew Gregory, A. A. Hill, Annie M. Hill; by Henry Holland 
Oct. 27 -James John Higman and Alice Kitson, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: Emma 

Thuresson, Thos. C. Kittson, Laughlin Leitch; by Henry Holland. 
Nov. I7 _Fredk. Av Goring, Township of Niagara, and Celia Stull, Township of Granthanv; 

Witnesses: Win. Sword, Augusta Sword; by Henry Holland. 
Nov. 27 Jacob Guinter, Pelham, Anna Scallen, Fonthill; witnesses: Isaiah S. Hansler, 

Charlotte Scallen, Thomas Bate Tucker; by Henry Holland, 
jjec. 3iJoseph Lindner and Emma Jane Sharp, both of S.t. Catharines; witnesses: Jacob 

Butler Pickard, Annie Maria Pickard; by Henry Holland. 



Jan. 5-Rienzi Athel Main waring, St. George, Co. Brant, and Amelia Maria Date, St. 

Catharines; witnesses: George H. Bull, Florence Mainwaring, H. H. Date, Henry 

Holland, B. A.; by Rev. A. R. Stinson, M. A. 
Ma> 8 Hnry Bowness and Anna Dowling, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: Charles 

Seymour, Annie Brodie; by Alex. W. Macnab. 
July 15 John Cunningham and Margaret Spalding both of St. Catharines; witnesses: 

Thomas Dover, Agnes Vigar; by Henry Holland. 
Aug. 5 James Peter Patterson and Maria Penton, both of Port Dalhousie; witnesses: Criaf- 

les T. Winter, Mary Shaley, Nina Holland; by Henry Holland. 
Sept. 7 Charles Steele and Charlotte Hood, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: Norman 

McLeod, Hugh Craig, Mary Slingerland; by Rfev. H. F. Holmes. 
Sept. 20 John Edward Whally and Mary Hearn, both of Welland; witnesses: James Muii 

Harriet Hearn; by H. F. Holmes. 
Oct. 4 Lucius Heward Maughan Helliwell and Louisa Clementina Neelon, both of St. 

Catharines; witnesses: R. A. Helliwell, Margaret Woodruff, J. Bevans Giles, 

Hamilton Kane; by Henry Holland. . 

Oct. ^ William Townley Benson and Augusta Jane Neelon, both of St. Catharines; wit 
nesses: Wm. T. Nichols, Minnie Benson, J. B. Giles, Hamilton Kane; by Henry 

Holland. 
Nov. 6 John Hemphill and Margaret Murphy, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: Charles 

Whitten, Agnes Hall; by Henry Holland. 
I3 ec 2 4 _Richard Pew and Hannah Rymer, both of Village of Allanburg; witnesses: Thoma- 

Rymer, George Gander; by H. F. Holmes. 
Dec . 27 Joseph Lawrence and Ellen Fuller, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: Jonathan 

Fuller, Fanny Powers; by Henry Holland, 



144- 
1S7V. 

Jan. 15 Charles Hunter and Emily J. Lavvder, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: Annis 
Thomson, Henry Lawder; by Rev. Arthur Brutthie, Incumbent, Georgetown. 

Feb. 13 -Charles Win. Nash, Town of Dundas, and Harriet Burns Campbell, Town of 
Niagara; witnesses: Thomas Burns, Elenor S. Campbell, F. B. Burns- by Henry 
Holland. 

Mar. 6 Isaac Atkin and Ellen Ann Dennis, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: James W. 

Grant, Clara Dennis; by Henry Holland. 
Mar. 14 Win. Fredk. Green, City of London, Ont., and Elisabeth H. Holmes, City of St. 

Catharines; witnesses: J. A. Holmes, Robert Wallace, Chas. E. Holmes; by 

Henry Holland. 

Sept. 5 Richard Cowell and Ellen Dunnigan, both of Grantham; witnesses: Joseph Miller. 
May Miller; by H. F. Holmes. 

Sept. 12 Wm. Fredk. Walker, City of Hamilton, and Sarah Amanda Holmes, City of St. 

Catharines; witnesses. F. R. Despard, A. Walker; by H. F. Holmes. 
Sept. i3-James Walton Jackson, widower, St. Catharines, and Julia Hayes, Rochester, N.Y. 

witnesses: Danniel Lee, Fannie Driscoll; by J. McLean Ballard. 
Sept. 18 -George Mercer, City of Hamilton, and Angelina F. Irvine, Grantham; witnesses: 

R. D. Irvine, Esther Irvine; by H. F. Holmes. 
Nov. 7 Paul H. Marshall and Susan A. Jukes, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: R. A. 

Helliwell, C. A. Jukes; by Henry Holland. 
Nov. 21 James Hostetter and Ellen Dorrington, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: Joseph 

Smith, Mary A. Dorrington; by Henry Holland. 



Feb. 27 George Wm. Tallman, Town of Clifton, and Eva B. Warren, Jordan, N. Y.; wit 

nesses: H. Forrister Holmes, Sarah E. Holland; by Henry Holland. 
June 5- -Win. Geo. Nichols and Jessie Eliza Ranney, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: 

Joseph Woodruff, Stephen Heward; by Henry Holland. 
Aug. i Robert Ross and Mary Ann Grisdale, both of Port Rowan; witnesses: Gideon 

Grisdale, Wm. Grisdale, Mary Lattimore; by Henry Holland. 
Sept. 23 John Carlton and Jane Graham, both of City of Kingston; witnesses: Sarah E. 

Holland, Arthur Holland; by Henry Holland. 
Oct. 23 Thomas Howell Clapham, Town of Keightly, Yorkshire, England, and Catharine 

Elenor Greenwood, St. Catharines; witnesses: George C. Carlisle, Louisa V. 

Greenwood; by Henry Holland. 
Oct. 26 Benj. Mitchell Makepeace, Baltimore, U. S. A., and Phronie Lewis, St. Catharines; 

witnesses: John W. Lewis, Thomas W. Lewis, Georgie M. Lewis, Hattie Lewis; 

by Henry Holland. 



April 2 -Theodore Secord and Elizabeth C. Lefraugh, both of Township of Grantham; wit 
nesses: E. J. Robinson, Jennie Secord, Francis D. Solyner, Emma E. Secord; by 
Henry Holland. 

June 6 -Walter Charles Hooker and Ella Sherman, both of Town of Angelica, N. Y.; wit 
nesses: Caroline Ogden, Z. Ogden; by Rev. J. B. Mead. 



145 

July 5 William Scott and Mary Ann M.Thompson, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: Jane 

Hollingsworth, Mary Ann Bothrell; by Jas. B. Mead. 
July 21 John Doig and Jane House, both of Port Dalhousie; witnesses: John Bowman 

Josephine Perry; by Jas. B. Mead. 
Sept. i Chas. Fredk. Peters and Emma Kay Woodruff, both of Town of St. Davids: wit 

nesses: Sylvester J. Woodruff, Maggie L. Woodruff; by Jas. B. Mead. 
Sept. 8 Samuel F. Cowin and Louisa Pearce, both of Grantham; witnesses: C. J. Holland, 

L. M. Holland; by Henry Holland. 
Sept. 9 Joseph Shaw, Drummondville, and Christina Green, Chippawa; witnesses: F. H.T. 

Walton, Margaret Purvis; by Henry Holland. 
Oct. 15 John Wm. Bowman and Josephine Perry, both of Port Dalhousie; witnesses: Saml. 

Perry, Louisa Perry; by Jas. B. Mead. 
Nov. 1 8 Frank W. Morse, New York, U. S. A., and Frances Millard, Port Dalhousie; wit 

nesses: Libby Millard, Sue M. Nixon; by Jas B. Mead. 

1SSO. 

June 2 Richard Glassbrook, Town of Niagaca, and Eliza Russell, Township of Niagara; 

witnesses: Thomas Kelley, Mary Kelley; by Henry Holland. 
July 5 Wm. Wilson, City of Rochester, N. Y., and Priscilla Fletcher, St. Catharines; wit 

nesses: D. W.lson, L. Fletcher, Wm. H. Fletcher; by Henry Holland. 
Oct. 21 Saml. Cocker, widower, and Mary Catharine Bruce, both of St. Catharines; wit 

ness: Garland W. Clench; by Jas. B. Mead. 
Dec. 22 Robert Gregory Cox and Susan S. Kelty, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: E. W. 

Kelty, Geo. A. Mackenzie; by Henry Holland. 

ies. 

Feb. 8 - Charles Young and Ellen Young, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: F. J. Wilson, 

Mary A. Drake; by Henry Holland. 
April 28 John Eliot Woodbridge, Youngstown, Ohio, U. S. A., and Carrie Camp Price, St. 

Catharines; witnesses: Isabel Price, Jas. D. Tait; by Henry Holland. 
June 10 George Sommerville and Elizabeth McCort, both of Willoughby Township; wit 

nesses: Sarah E. Haskell, L. M. H. Holland; by Henry Holland. 
Dec. 7 Saml. Cumpson, Town of Niagara, and Mary Ann Thompson, Youngstown, N. Y.; 

witnesses: R. T. Moore, Curate, Eleanora Holland; by Henry Holland. 



June 12 Clarence Jas. McCuaig, Toronto, and Emma Margt. Rykert, St. Catharines; wit 

nesses: J. C. Rykert, Annie Rykert, Colin A. McCuaig; by Heny Holland. 
Aug. 31 Charles Sydney Wm. Long, Village of Parkdale, and Clarissa Rosena Kimpton, 

Toronto; witnesses: J. H. Londry, F. Burns; by Henry Holland. 
Sept. 7 Charles Hunter Engel, City of Philadelphia, U. S. A., and Anna Mary Hippie, 

Hamburg, Pa., U. S. A.; witnesses: Lucy Holland, Louisa Mortimer; by Rev. 

Robt. Moore. 
Oct. 25 Evans Davis, City of London, and Louisa Victoria Greenwood, St. Catharines; 

witnesses: G. P. Jones, H. Lizzie Greenwood; by Dr. Hellmuth, Bishop of 

Huron. 



1 4 6. 

Oct. 31 George Mortimer Neelon and Mary Alberta Arnold, both of St. Catharines; vvit- 

. nesses: C. M. Arnold, L. C. Hellivvell; by Henry Holland. 
Nov. 10 Thomas Purcell and Bella Stone, both of St. Catharines; witnesses; Wm. Barrett, 

James Reynolds, Annie Stoue; by Henry Holland. 
Nov. 16 - Daniel Webster Bixby and Caroline Bloodgood Clench, both of St. Catharines; 

witnesses: G. Whistler Clench, Charles Bixby; by Henry Holland. 

1SS3. 

Jan. 10 Rev. Robert James Moore and Lucy Martha Holland, both of St. Catharines; wit 

nesses: W. N. Drennan, Nina Holland, John T. Haskell; by Henry Holland. 
April ii James L. Campbell, Town of Simcoe, and Mary Louisa Taylor, St. Catharines; 

witnesses: J. Amos Dean, Frances Cole, Agnes Taylor; by Henry Holland. 
July 17 James Colly and Elizabeth Trueman, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: Robert J. 

Moore, Robert B. Holland; by Henry Holland. 
Aug. 15 Henry H. Carlise, and Anabella Chishohn Goodman, both of St. Catharines; wit 

nesses: John S. Carlisle, Daisy Land; by Robt. J Moore. 
No date Francis Cole, Town of Tilsonburg, and Agnes Thornton Taylor, City of St. Cath 

arines; witnesses: J. H. Patterson, Elfa McGivern; by Rev. P. Owen Jones, M.D. 
Oct. 1 1 Davis Robert Lyons and Mary Margaret Motley, both of St. Catharines; witness: 

George Gander; by Robt. J. Moore. 
Oct. 19 T,homas Taylor, widower, and Margt. Moore, widow, both of Township of Niagara; 

witnesses; R. Glassbrook, Eliza Glassbrook; by Robt. J. Moore. 
Dec. 27 Frank Carl, Township of Niagara, and Maggie Warner, Gra ntham; witnesses: R. 

B. Holland, Chas. Cole; by R. J. Moore. 



April 23 Wm. Hopgood and Eliza Butler, both of St. Ca tharines; witnesses: W. Orr, Flora 

Mclntosh; by R. J. Moore. 
July 12 Edwifi Charles Healy and Blanche Meredith, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: G.- 

E, B. Bate, Robert B. Holland; by R. J. Moore. 
July 21 George Wm. Kirnpton, City of Buffalo, N. Y., and Emma Ruddle, City of St. Cath 

arines; witnesses: Albert E. Vetter, Orpha Glass; by R: L Moore. 
Aug. 7 Edward Burns, widower, Elora, County Wellington, and Isabella Ann Burns, St. 

Catharines; witnesses; Arthur Burns, Florence Burns, R. E. Burns; by R. J. 

Moore. 
Aug. 18 Joseph H. Begley and Catherine M. Crawford, both of the City of Hamilton, Conn 

ty Wentworth; witnesses: Sarah C. Kingdon, Eleanor King; by R. J. Moore. 
Sept. 2 Wm. Heatley, City of Brantford, and Emily Jane Saunders, City of St. Catharines: 

witnesses: M. Ryan, A, Mathefs; by R. J. Moore. 
Oct. 8 -Newell Bate, widower. City of Ottawa, and Clementina Holland, St. Catharines; 

witnesses: Robt. J. Moore, Thos. Dickinson; by Henry Holland. 
Nov. 19 James Fitzgerald and Catherine Mary Fitzgerald, both of City of Hamilton. 

witnesses: Jacob Smith, Maggie Smith; by R. J. Moore. 
Deo. 31 Sylvester Neelon and Louisa Latham Chishohn, both of St. Catharines; witnesses; 

W. A. Ciiisholm, W. R. Chishohn; by HeYiry Hollatad. 



147. 



fan. 26 Wellington G. Ker and Jessie Bothrell, both of City of Detroit, Mich;; no witnesses: 

by Robt. J. Moore. 
Mar. 14 William Thos. Ward and Harriet Laskey, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: J. 

Lynch, Elizabeth Lynch; by Henry Holland. 
Sept. 23 Henry J. Rolls and Isabella Emma Tugman, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: J< 

M. Crysler, M. A. Butler; by Rev. E. M. Bland. 
Oct. i Frank Morningstar, Warren, Pa., U. S. A., and Barbara Schurr, St. Catharines; 

witnesses: Elias Morningstar, Annie Schurr; by E. M. Bland. 

es-s. 

Jan. 28 William Ingram Price and Susie Craig Atkinson, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: 

J. G. Rioidoh, Philip J. Price, Annie Atkinson, Isabel Price; by E. M. Bland. 
April 19 Wm. George Trapnell and Adelaide Josephine Hallett, both of Township of Gran- 

thain; witnesses: Catherine Hallett, George Gander; by E. M. Bland. 
June 17 George Amine Robinson, City of Ottawa, and Elizabeth Warburton Kelty, City of 

St. Catharines; witnesses: E. W. Robinson, Isabella Cassels; by E. M. Bland. 
June 19 David Muckle, City of Toronto, and Cynthea L. Kinnaird, Township of Waintlcrt : 

witnesses: Maria A. Bland, M. A. A. Ellis; by E. M. Bland. 
Oct. 28 Theodore Joseph Wagner and Minnie Bernhart, both of Town of Gait, County 

Waterloo; witnesses: Maria A. Bland, George Gander; by E. M. Bland. 
Dec. i Isaac Murray Wardell and Janet Ross, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: E. C 

Ross, W. H. Tinlin; by E. M. Bland. 
Dec. 21 William Beverly Clark, Port Dalhousie, and Adele Nina Groves, St. Catharines; 

witnesses: John C. Eccles, Bella Groves, Bessie Clark; by E. M. Bland. 

ies-7. 

Feb. 16 Charles W. Winslow, Dunnville, and Annie Sheehan, Grantham; witnesses: Maria 

A. Bland, John Gough Brick; by E. M. Bland. 
Feb. 22 David Gumming and Duretta Louisa Slbtts, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: 

Alex. W. Macnab, Mafia A. Bland; by E. M. Bland. 
April 28 Henry Albert Booth, Village of Jordan, and Mary Ann Hunt, Village of Bridgeport; 

witnesses: .Stephen J. Hunt, Hattie E. Kreamer; by E. M. Bland. 
Oct. 17 George Martyn Bligh and Mary Caroline Ross both of St. Catharines; witnesses: 

A. M. Macrea, Agnes Ross; by E-. M. Bland. 
Nov. 15 Thomas Doland and Rebecca Wisner, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: John 

Cox, Mary Conners; by E. M. Bland. 
Dec. 23 Wm. Andrew Nixon and Eliza Morrison, both of Town of Welland; witnesses: 

Harry L. Bland, Minnie Griffiths; by E. M. Bland. 
Dec. 27 Johnson Clench, City of St. Catharines, and Margaret Bland, Village of Wanstead, 

England; witnesses: G. Whistler Clench, Henry L. Bland, Louisa M. Beck, 

Maria A. Bland; by E. M. Bland. 

sea. 

.{unc it John McBride and Endora E. A. Brownlee, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: H, 
J. Johnston, Edith Brownlee; by E. M. Bland. 



148. 

Scut. 20 George A. C. Dunstan, City of Toronto, and Ida M. C. Palmer, St. Catharines 
witnesses: Sydney B. Sykes, Birdie Palmer, Dora W. Dunstan; by K. M. Bland. 

Dec. 4 Charles Ed. Bradt and Mary Carroll Lardner, widow, both of St. Catharines*; 
witnesses: F. A. Abell, L. Bradt; by E. M. Bland. 

1869. 

May 23 Frank Delaney and Alice King, both of Town of Clifton; witnesses: Eleanor King, 
Martha King; by E. M. Bland. 

June 26 James Hamilton Ingersoll and Florence Nightingale Fowler, both of St. Cath 
arines; witnesses: John C. Eccles, Hattie Martin, Agnes Bate; by E. M. Bland. 

July 16 David Borland, City of Toronto, and Mary Ann E. Fletcher, St. Catharines; wit 
nesses: R. Bloomer, S. Fletcher; by E. M. Bland. 

Aug. 8 Henry J. Taylor and Agnes Henrietta Bate, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: W. 
B. Crombie, Flora L. Bate; by E. M. Bland. 

IS SO. 

June 1 6 James T. Mitchell and Maria Reilley, both of St. Catharines; witnesses; John 
Riley, Sarah Riley; by Rev. Robt. Ker. 

June ig Francis John Gribble, Port Dalhousie, and Emily Jolliffe, St. Catharines; wit 
nesses: Aggie Jolliffe, A. W. Gribble; by Robert Ker. 

June 26 Simcoe M. Daly, City of Woodstock, and Nellie Groves, St. Catharines; witnesses: 
J. P. Willis, Maud Groves, Annie Daly; by Robert Ker. 

July 15 Edward Harvey Neelon and Minnie M, Harris, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: 
Peter A. McCallum, Alice H. Dunbar; by Robert Ker. 

July 1 6 Herman Fredk. Hostetter, Township of Niagara, and Rose T. Bligh, St. Catharines; 
witnesses: J. C. Hostetter, E. A. Bligh; by Robert Ker. 

Dec. 30 Thomas A. Owen, St Catharines, and Eleanor Amanda Merrick, Village of Athens, 
Out.; witnesses: Henry O Loughlin, Gertrude O Loughlin; by Rev. P.W. Smith. 



Jan. 26 Wm. Robt. Townsend, Port Dalhousie, and Lizzie C. Manshreck, St. Catharines; 

witnesses: Annie A. Elliotl, Lizzie S. Ker; by Robert Ker. 
Feb. 5 George A. Hamilton and Helen A. Woodruff, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: Ida 

Woodruff, Eloise Woodruff, C. W. Hamilton, Edward H. Woodruff; by Rober t 

Ker. 
July 3 Benjamin Brown, Merritton, and Mary Bews, Benton, N. Y.; witness: John Nes- 

bitt; by Robert Ker. 
AUL;. 22 Francis Summers Pearce, St. Catharines, and Jennie Young, Merritton; witnesses: 

Alice Young, L. S. Ker; by Robert Ker. 
Nov. 7 William A. Fenn, Queenston, and Ida MacLellan, Tonawanda, N. Y.; witnesses: 

M. Walt, L. S. Ker; by. Robert Ker. 



Feb. 10 Edward Albert Day and Matilda Elizabeth Cort, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: 

Ella Nicholson, E. G. Switzer; by Robert Ker. 
Feb. 29 -John McCormick and Annie Josephine Smith, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: 

Thomas McCormick, Katie McCormick; by Robert Ker. 



149- 

May 9 John Alex. Newman, City of Buffalo, U. S. A., and Jennie Gilmore, St. Catharines; 

witnesses: Wm. Henry Newman, Mary A. Gilmore, Isaac Gilmore, Mrs. Isaac 

Gilmore; by Robert Ker. 
June 20 Wellington Graham Maybee and Esther Emma Montgomery, both of St. Catharines; 

witnesses: Mabel T. Montgomery, Frank D. Burgar; by Robert Ker. 

June 25 Francis Edwin Lawrence and Cassie Eliza Clarke, both of St. Catharines; wit 
nesses: Lottie Smith, R. J. Patterson; by Robert Ker. 
July 12 William Marwood Simpson, St. Catharines, and Janet Carlisle, widow, Suspension 

Bridge, U. S. A.; witnesses: Thomas Slater, Lizzie Ker; by Robert Ker. 
Aug. 4 Thomas Wm. Rees and Ella May Slough, both of St. Catharines; witness: Lizzie 

Ker; by Robert Ker. 
Aug. 31 Alex. Curtis Greenlaw and Mary Ann Gander, both of St. Catharines; witnesses: 

James E. Ruddle, Lottie Ruddle; by Robert Ker. 




151 



T. 



REV. DR. SCADDING S PAPER-A VALUABLE HIS 
TORICAL CONTRIBUTION. 



Presentation to Archdeacon McMurray Addresses by 
Canon Bull, Rev. Dr. Langtry, Etc. 

DECLARATION OF CONSTITUTIONAL GOVERNMENT . 

The history of St. Mark s Church, Miagara-on-the-Lake, is in many 
respects very closely interwoven with that of St. George s r hurcb, St. Cath 
arines. Historically they have largely occupied common ground and both 
have sprung from a common origin; this being so, it has been felt that the 
present volume would be more or less incomplete without giving some 
account of the Centennial Celebration of St. Mark s Church , which commenced 
on Saturday morning, July gth, 1892, and terminated the following Monday, 
July nth. 

The service on Saturday, July gth, began as usual at n a. m., but for 
some time previous the musical chimes in the tower rang out a merry greet 
ing. The church has a handsome interior, and was decorated with flowers 
and ferns about the chancel, reading desk and choir seats, with the figures 
"1792-1892" in flowers on the handsome stained glass chancel window. 

Among the interesting reminders of the antiquity of the edifice is a large 
tablet inside the entrance to the memory of "the Rev. Robert Addison, first 
missionary of this district, of the venerable Society for the Propagation of the 
Gospel in foreign parts. He commenced his labors in 1792, which, by the 



152- 

blessing of Divine Providence, he was enabled to continue for 37 years. 
Besides his stated services as a minister of St. Mark s Church in this town, he 
visited and officiated in different parts of this and the adjoining districts until 
other missionaries arrived. He was born in Westmoreland, England, and 
died October 6th, 1829, in the 75th year of his age." 

Amongst other persons present in the congregation were noticed Mr. J. 
P. Merritt and MissMerritt, Mrs. W. H. Collison, The Pines, Niagara; Mrs. 
Robert Ker, St. Catharines; Mrs. Ingersoll and Miss Ingersoll, St. Catharines; 
Mrs. Kirkpatrick, Chippewa, a great granddaughter of the late Robert Addi- 
son, the first Rector of the parish; Mr. James McMurrayand Mrs. McMurray, 
Toronto; Mrs. Killaly, Judge Baxter and Mrs. Baxter, Thorold. 

Eighteen clergymen were present at the morning service clad in their 
official robes, and the various parts of the service were taken as follows: 
From the beginning to Apostles Creed, Rev. Canon Houston, M. A.; first 
lesson, Rev. James Ardill, I. Chronicles, xxix., to v. 21; second lesson, Rev. 
Rural Dean Downie, Rector, Berlin, II. Peter, i ; from Apostles Creed to 
end of Third Collect, Rev. Canon Bull, M. A.; Ten Commandments, Yen. 
Archdeacon Dixon; Epistle, Rev. Rural Dean Gribble; Gospel, Rev. E. J. 
Fessenden, B. A 

Rev. A. H. Baldwin, Toronto, gave a most interesting and instructive 
review of the progress of church work during the hundred years just closing. 
As a Canadian, Mr. Baldwin said he felt proud and honored in taking part 
in such a celebration. The past years had seen deeds and works done for 
Christ in the district of Niagara of which Canadians might well be proud. 
The history of the establishment of the church at Niagara was full of stirring 
and gallant deeds. The present generation could not realize the tremendous 
odds that had to be faced by our early missionaries, and it was to 
their heroic labors that the church in Canada owed its position to-day. Mr. 
Baldwin then gave a sketch of the establishment of the church and of its 
progress since 1792. He paid a warm tribute to the faithful service performed 
in the parish by the Ven. Archdeacon McMurray. The preacher also showed 
how the Church of England in the United States had grown and pros 
pered despite the intense opposition that was shown to it after the rebellion. 
To-day the church in the United States was perhaps the most influential in 
that country. He thought that all should take the greatest comfort and 



153- 

encouragement from the past history of the church in the United States and 
Canada and go forward with increased confidence for success in the future. 
Mr. Baldwin alluded to the debt that now rests on the parish and towards 
the liquidation of which the offertories would be devoted. It should be under 
stood that this debt was incurred for the school house and fences, and was 
not connected with the Church proper. 

There was next an administration of Holy Communion, the Venerable 
Archdeacon McMurray being the celebrant, after which, resident and visit 
ing clergy adjourned to the school house adjoining, where luncheon had 
been prepared by the ladies of the congregation, amongst whom Mrs. McMur 
ray, Mrs. Howgill, Mrs. Morson, Mrs. H. A. Garrett, Miss Gale, with 
many others, were prominently active. 



SATURDAY, JULY 9 th, 4 P- m. 

Unveiling Tablet erected to commemorate Centenary of Parish. 

Collect (Prevent us etc), and Scripture Lesson, The Venerable Arch 
deacon McMurray Gen. xxvin 10 to end. 

Unveiling Tablet The Reverend Canon Read, D. D. 

Brief Addresses Canon Read, W. Fessenden, B. A., and The Venerable 
Archdeacon of Niagara. Closing exercises, Venerable Archdeacon Dixon. 

The tablet was unveiled by Rev. Canon Read, D. D., Grimsby, in 
the name of the Father, Son and Holy Ghost. It contains the following in 
scription: "To the glory of God this tablet is erected by the congregation of 
St. Mark s Church in grateful commemoration, of the looth anniversary of 
l he foundation of the parish on the gth of July, 1792. The nave of the church 
was built about 1807 and burned during the war of 1812, the walls only re 
maining. It was restored in 1826 and enlarged to its present, dimensions in 
1843. During the century the living has been held by the following incum. 
bents: Rev. Robert Addison, July, 1792, to 1829; Rev. Thomas Creen, from 
1829 to 1857; Rev - William McMurray, D. D., D. C. L., Archdeacon of 
Niagara, to the. present time, assisted since 1889 by Rev. J. C. Garrett as 
curate in charge. D. B. Macdougall, J. R. Wilkinson, church wardens." 

The tablet is of brass, 32x27 inches, of ornamental design, erected by the 
Anglo-Colonial Manufacturing Co., of Toronto. 



154 

Appropriate addreses were delivered by Canon Read arid Mr. FeSsendetl, 
Chippawa, after which came 

A TOUCHING VALEDICTORY. 

Ven. Archceacon McMurray, D. D., thought it highly fitting that the 
day should have been observed in the manner it had. Rev. Robert Addison, 
the first incumbent, was a man of some position in the Old Country, and, he 
understood, a fellow of one of the great universities. There were but three 
ministers in Upper Canada at the time Rev. Robert Addison was here. Mr. 
Addison was a travelling missionary, and his field of labour had extended from 
York to the London district. He was appointed by Governor Simcoe chaplain 
to the first Provincial Government, in which capacity he served for many 
years. Divine Service was held in log cabins till the present church was 
built in 1807. The church had been used as an hospital in 1812. It was so 
used for both parties at the battle of Queenston Heights, and surely such an 
historic event was worthy of being recalled here. The body of the late Robert 
Addison was interred beneath the Chancel, and his valuable library of I.ooo 
volumes, which indicates his scholarly attainments, had been generously 
donated to the rector of the parish. During the incumbency of Rev. Thomas 
Creen, the second clergyman in charge, the nave of the church had been 
entirely restored from its somewhat ruined condition. The fact that the 
parish was now, after 100 years, being served by its thifd incumbent, was an 
event that was perhaps unequalled in the history of churches on this side of 
the Atlantic. In conclusion he would say, in the words of St, Paul, "Stand 
fast in the Lord my dearly beloved brethren and be careful for nothing, but 
in everything by prayer and supplication with thanksgiving let your requests 
be made known unto God and the peace of God which passeth all understanding 
shall keep your hearts and minds through Jesus Christ. Finally, Brethren, 
whatsoever things are true, whatsoever things are honest, whatsoever things 
are just, whatsoever things are pure, whatsoever things are lovely, whatso 
ever things are of good report, if there be any virtue, and if there be any 
praise, think on these things and the God of Peace shall be with you." 



SATURDAY, JULY gth, 7.30 p. m. 

EVENING PRAYER. 

Preacher, The Reverend Robert Ker. 

The service on Saturday evening was participated in by most of those 1 



155 

who were present at morning prayer. A full report of the sermon delivered 
on the occasion appeared in the Toronto Mail and St. Catharines Star, and in 
response to a widely expressed wish, we reproduce it as it appeared in those 
papers. 

The Rev. Robert Ker, rector of St. Georgeis Church, St. Catharines, 
preached the second centennial sermon this evening. He took for his text the 
following words: "This shall be written for those that Come after and the 
people which shall be born shall praise the Lord." Psalm cii., 18, Prayer 
Book version. He said : We are gathered here to-night under circumstan 
ces as unusual as they are unquestionably solemn and impressive. It is the 
time of the evening sacrifice, and at an hour when we are strikingly reminded 
by our surroundings that "The night cometh when no man can work." The 
stream of time has carried us swiftly forward until the present, when we find 
that the shadows of the centuries have deepened about our path, and as we 
worship together in this house of prayer we can almost feel the dying pulse 
beats of twice a thousand years. The atmosphere we breathe to-night is 
laden with the perfumes of history. Here, there, and yonder repose the 
actors in as great a drama as ever gave stability to a young nation or infused 
a new people with the spirit of an uuquenchable patriotism. Soldiers and 
citizens patriots and heroes, who fought well none better. They gave all 
that men ever gave or could give in defense of home, of honor, and of right, 
and now 

On Fame s etferhal camping ground 
Their silent tents are spread, 

And glory guards with solemn round 
The bivouac of the dead. 

Just one hundred years ago so runneth the record Rev. Robert Addi- 
son formally planted the flag of English Churchmanship on this Niagara pen 
insula, and a fairer heritage never fell to the lot of any people. Prose almost 
merges into poetry when we describe it in the language of the great prophet 
and say. "It is a good land; a land of brooks of water ; of fountains and 
depths that spring out of valleys and hills; a land of wheat and barley and 
vines . , . and honey, a land wherein thou shalt eat bread without scarce 
ness, thou shalt not lack anything in it ; a land whose stones are iron* and out 
of whose hills thou mayest dig brass." 



156- 

THIS NIAGARA PENINSULA 

of* ours is a gem set amid the sparkling waters of two seas, and the sun that 
bathes in glory the vast possessions of our Empress Queen shines on no fairer 
land than ours. Looking over its far extended area; its homes of happiness 
and contentment ; its industrious and intelligent people; its vineyards and 
peach orchards, and upon the evidences of prosperity everywhere, we are 
forced to exclaim with the Psalmist : "The lines are fallen unto us in pleasant 
places ; Yea, we have a goodly heritage." But if we go back a little over a 
hundred years this fair land was a vast wilderness, in which the Indian 
roamed unchallenged, save by hostile tribes on the war path Then the great 
Niagara Catract rolled forth its mighty Te Deums in all but eternal solitude, 
while nature hid her matchless, but unappreciated beauties from the dusky 
children whose ear was as much untuned to the melody of her songs as their 
eye was to discover in the primitive forests the beauty of her Gothic archings. 
Truly "the light of other days" was dim and feeble byond our conception. 
But God moves wonderfully among the mystic lights of history, and accom 
plishes His mighty purposes by strange methods and unthought of agencies. 
It was manifestly so in the settlement of Upper Canada. South of the great 
lakes the colonists had engaged in a fierce struggle for national independence, 
and the closing years of the i8th century found the Revolutionary arms trium 
phant. To a minority of the people, however, the victory of the colonists 
brought nothing but gloom and sadness, and to those of them who were firmly 
convinced that their duty was to maintain the unity of the Empire a new flag 
had no attractions to be put in comparison with the old. The success of the 
Revolution had carried the loyal minority to a point where they must decide 
as to their future, and decide too under circumstances as painful as they were 
momentous. To decide for the Revolutionary part* meant home and family 
and comfort and security. On the contrary, to decide for "King and Consti 
tution" meant the loss of all these possibly even of life itself. But 

How can a man die better than facing fearful odds 
For the ashes of his fathers and the temples of his gods. 

Never was a decision reached so entirely worthy of a great cause. Against 
the potent influences of home and self interest they placed their honor and 
their loyalty, and these were in their judgment of more value than all earthly 
advantages combined. A self-seeking and an ease-loving generation may sneer 



at their devotion to King and Fatherland, and cast ridicule upon it as a mere 
sentiment, but history, which has immortalized patriotic devotion in all ages, 
\vill hardly fail in doing justice to the memory of the men and women who, 
for the faith that was in them, became outcasts and wanderers among the 
rude and uncivilized forces of a new world. Not fewer than ten thousand * 

UNITED EMPIRE LOYALISTS 

sought shelter in the wilds of Cinada, hoping to make for themselves and their 
families a new and. if possible, a permanent home. It was a bold and cour 
ageous venture to throw themselves upon the mercies of an inhospitable 
wilderness and to encounter the manifold perils incidental to sucn a state of 
life. But they were equal to the occasion, and proved themselves to be 
entirely worthy of their future destiny. From Montreal westward they 
located at many points along the course of the dividing waters, such as at 
Kingston, the Bay of Quinte, Lake Ontario, Niagara river, Lake Erie, and 
along up to the Detroit river. Let us in these days, accustomed as we are to 
rapid and comfortable transit in Pullman cars and vestibuled trains, remem 
ber that one hundred years ago there were no such facilities, and that the 
network of railways now covering this peninsula was in those days unthought of. 
The bark canoe antedated the stage coach, and the loyalists who came to 
reside here in some instances coasted in row boats from Montreal, trailing 
them up the rapids of the St, Lawrence, while in other instances they carried 
their effects on pack-horses through the vast wilderness which intervened 
between their abandoned dwellings in the old colonies and their contemplated 
homes in this. History tells us how they suffered and how manfully they 
fought, but history cannot tell us, nor does it pretend to do so. of the tears 
they shed, of their heart-breaks, of the pain of disunited homes, and of the 
endless trials patiently and heroically endured. Their grain for daily food 
was ground by hand-mills, and when these primitive agents were replaced by 
water power the early settlers often coasted from fifty to one hundred miles to 
have their grinding done. And yet, in the face of difficulties that would have 
driven weaker natures to despair, we see them reverently uncovering in the 
presence of their Creator and humbly acknowledging their obligations as "the 
people of His pasture and the sheep of His hand." 

A WRITER OF HISTORIC EMINENCE 

has laid it down that there are certatn essentials which much be possessed by 



any people hoping to be great or prosperous; namely, that there should b6 
"loyalty and moderation, respect for the law, for property, and for authority; 
and that there ought to be a community of feeling amongst the people result 
ing in a common patriotism; and finally that there ought to be such a mingling 
of classes that able and honorable men would naturally rise to the surface as 
leaders." The conditions here pointed out unquestionably existed among 
the United Empire Loyslists in a very marked degree, and fully justify the 
general accuracy of the historian s estimate. 

Writers speak in glowing terms of the "Mayflower" and the memories 
that gather around "Plymouth Rock," but without at all seeking to disparage 
worth at the expense of truth, I make little hesitation in saying that when the 
whole st.ory shall have been told, the United Empire Loyalists, in point of 
true heroism, of earnest devotion, and of unostentatious piety, are superior at 
every point to the Pilgrim Fathers. The United Empire Loyalists were not 
merely men of courage and devotion, but above all they were God-fearing 
men in an eminent degree, and they were men who adhered to their Church 
even when that Church in its corporate capacity was slow, if not absolutely 
negligent, in following them with that "order of service," to which so many of 
them had been, for a long series of years, accustomed. From the biography 
of the Hon. Wm. H. Merfitt we gather that it was not unusual for the mem-- 
bers of ourChurc h to assemble together for worship, and that they maintained 9 
their ecclesiastical life without the supervision of a regular pastor. So far as 
the English Church is concerned I have no means of determining how far the 
regimental chaplains, who, I assume, accompanied the troops that were 
quartered in this country, made themselves useful in the interests of religion, 
but I hazard the opinion that they were by no means unduly zealous for the 
progress of their church ; but the church s lack of service to her sc attered chil 
dren was to a great extent compensated for by the activity of voluntary effort, and 
by the labours of those Godly and faithful Ministers who were sent out to this 
country by the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts ; 
and in the good providence of God it is owing to the labours of that society 
that we have at this time an opportunity of celebrating the centennial of St. 
Mark s Church and parish. 

IN THE YEAR 1791 

the Rev. Robert Addison was sent out by the venerable S. P. G as a mission-- 



159. 

city to this part of Canada ; he arrived Montreal in due Course, and was 
Under the necessity of wintering in that city, so that he did not reach this 
Peninsula until the summer of 1792. The exact date of his arrival is not 
known, but the documentary evidence in this parish proves that he performed 
his first official act in connection with his new appointment on the gth July, 
1792. just one hundred years ago to-day. 

It is noteworthy as a coincidence that almost simultaneously with thi s 
event was the proclamation of the Act which, at least in some form, gave this 
province constitutional government. It is difficult for us to realize the fact 
that the Rev. Mr. Addison was the first and for a long time the only minister 
of our Church in the whole of this district, sweeping around bv York (now 
Toronto), and including pretty much the whole of the great dioceses of To 
ronto, Huron and Niagara. Had Mr. Addison kept a diary of his work and 
of the progress of events during his ministry it would have been of incalcul^ 
able value to the future historian, but so far as I have been able to discover the 
only literary remains we have of this excellent man is the unique parish re 
gister belonging to this church. As we have already stated, he began his 
labours here in 1792, but how soon after he commenced the building of this 
church does not appear very clear. There is documentary evidence to show 
that the building of St. Catharine s Episcopal Church, Twelve Mile Creek, 
better known now as St. George s Church, St, Catharines, was begun in 
1795-96, while it appears from your Tablet to be unveiled to-morrow that the 
Nave of St. Mark s Church was not built until 1807, so that while St. Mark s 
is apparently the oldest organized congregation, St. Catharines has a clear 
title to the oldest Church building. If the present edifice was opened for 
public worship about St. Mark s Day it would sufficiently account for the 
-name. But we must proceed. Not far from the sacred edifice in which 
\ve worship to-night the Parliament of Upper Canada had its birth. It met 
in a small frame building which did duty as a House of Parliament and a 
Governor s residence. It assembled for the despatch of business on the i7th 
September, 1792, sat for nearly one month, and closed its session on the i5th 
October, 1792. It was no t a very imposing assembly, but its proceedings 
"were very business-like, and 

GOVERNOR SIMCOE SAID 

" He could not dismiss them without asking them to promote by precept and 



i6o. 

example among their respective counties regular habits of piety and morality, 
the sweet foundations of all private and public felicity." We may pause to 
express regret that Niagara, then Newark, with its unsurpassed water ways, 
did not remain the capital of this great province. Military considerations 
dictated the change, as Governor Simcoe was apparently too nervous about 
our neighbors Fort on the other side of the river. We note the fact that 
religion and prosperity went hand in hand in this country, and from a popu 
lation of ten thousand in the whole of Upper Canada in 7791 there was a very 
steady increase until 1812-14 when, without any sufficient justification, these 
shores were invaded and its still struggling inhabitants compelled to endure 
all the horrors of war. St. Mark s church played no inconspicuous part in 
that eventful struggle. Again and again the storm of battle surged against these 
walls, and again and again the force of its angry waves was broken. The grass 
which grows so green to-day around this sacred edifice was once dyed red 
with the blood of patriots and heroes. Outside this building you can easily 
trace the sinuous windings of "trench" and "breastwork" where men played the 
awful game of death and won glory. Read on that tablet in the vestibule 
without how McLelland, and Wright, and Cameron, and Lloyd fell gloriously, 
and let Fort George s "Lonely Sycamore," so sweetly sung by your local 
poetess, tell of other heroes and other patriots for whom story has weaved no 
chaplets and of whose deeds mural tablets contain no record. But they live 
in the peace of the present, and known or unknown we engrave their memories 
on the heart of national gratitude and pay to-night our centennial tribute to 
their worth, Through all the awful and exciting events of that war the first 
rector of this parish pursued the even tenor of his way until the 6th October, 
1829. when he was called to rest. For thirty-seven years he had ministered 
in this parish, and died at the good old age of three score and fifteen. He 
was followed in the rectorship by the Rev Thomas Creen, another faithfuj 
minister of Christ, who labored here for twenty-seven years, The vacancy 
created by Mr. Green s demise was filled by the appointment of your present 
rector, the 

VEX. ARCHDEACON M MURRAY, 

who for well nigh forty years has faithfully ministered to you in spiritual 
things; for a still further period he has zealously labored as a devoted minister 
of the New Testament. His absence at this centennial celebration would 



have meant a great blank in the old parish, but if possible a greater blank in 
the Canadian Church; but we are thankful to say Archdeacon McMurray is 
still with us, and although suffering from the inevitable infirmities of age, is 
as clear intellectually as that day in 1864 when he had the distinguished and 
unusual honor, rarely conferred upon a colonial clergyman, of preaching 
beneath the dome of St. Paul s cathedral, London, to the many thousands 
who gathered to hear him I am sure that many prayers will be offered at 
this centennial celebration that the archdeacon may be long spared among 
us. A few weeks ago he took me through your historic and interesting grave 
yard, pointing out each separate place of note, until finally we came to his 
own family lot, where he showed the preacher his contemplated resting place, 
I could not help thinking of St. Paul, who had a similarly calm view of the 
end when he said: "I am now ready to be offered up and the time of my 
departure is at hand. I have fought a good fight. I have finished my course. 
I have kept the faith. Henceforth there is laid up for me a crown of right 
eousness which the Lord, the Righteous Judge, shall give meat that day; and 
not to me only, but unto all them also that love His appearing." On this 
centennial night we call up the men who fought and suffered, and we would 
gladly question them as to the parts they severally played, the hopes by which 
they were animated, and what they think of those who now inherit the fruits 
of their blood. But the horoscope of the future must be cast by ourselves. 
The full moon looks down to-night upon as peaceful a scene as man ever 
witnessed 

Afar the lake spreads like a sea, and near the river broad blue deep, 
The waters flowing silently, as resting from their frantic leap, 
Nor distant far, the mountain crowned, with column pointing to the sky, 
While all forego the humbler mound, where other heroes mouldering lie. 

For over a hundred years this land has been shadowed by 

"THE METEOR FLAG OF ENGLAND," 

and I am sure I speak the sentiments of the great mass of our people when I 
say that we desire in the future, as in the past, to remain an integral portion 
of the British Empire. Nay, more, we should but ill repay the memory of 
our fathers and the treasures of blood and toil expended to maintain "British 
connection" were we to throw it lightly away for a piece of bread or a mess 
of pottage. To do so would be to render ourselves recreant to the best tradi- 
ditions of our nation, and hopeless ingrates to the memories of the men whose 



162. 

self-denial and self-sacrifices have made the first chapters of Canadian history 
so illustrious. Our connection with Great Britain is not one of subjection 
but of affiliation, and we have no desire whatever to break the ties which bind 
us. But standing to-night as it were upon the pinnacle of the century, we 
may not lightly ignore the facts of the present, nor too confidently dogmatize 
upon the possibilities of the future. As we see things at present so could we 
wish, in the interest of this fair home of ours, to see them one hundred years 
hence; and as the flag of Old England floats peacefully to-night over Canada s 
five millions of happy, prosperous, and God-fearing British subjects, may it then 
float over fifty millions. But we must not fail to recognize the fact that we are 
living at a period of much social disturbance and change, and no one can 
confidentl} tell what the future has in store, either for ourselves or the nation 
to which we belong. Academical speculations as to our possible future need 
not seriously disconcert us, nor need we fear that they will, even remotely, 
imperil the stability of the British Constitution; but what we have to fear is 
the growth of a people whose God is self-interest and whose religion is that of 
the earth earthy men and women who are dominated by the God of this 
world, and who recognize no higher standard of morality than that dictated 
by their own sweet wills. We dread to see the Bible ignored, Sunday as a 
day of rest persistently disregarded, public worship shunned, and private 
devotion almost totally neglected; but above all we should fear, and not with 
out reason, to see the sanctities of home impinged upon, or the abominations 
of divorce popularized in this Canada of ours. I make free to say that no 
constitutional barriers can long resist the disruption of family life, and that 
no people lightly regarding the 

SANCTITIES OF MARRIAGE 

can hope ,to be permanently great or even permanently free. National life 
has its vital functions located in the home, and therefore it is that we regard 
with undisguised alarm the tendency of population to great centres and the 
consequent depletion of our rural homesteads. We cannot, however, turn back 
the shadow upon the dial of Ahaz, but we can try to sanctify the homes of a 
new social order, and we can urge upon each other a deeper love for home a 
transcript of the rest that is to be, and a loyal, religious and patriotic attach 
ment to Canadian national life. This land is the home of many by adoption, 
but it belongs to our children by the sacred rights of birth and parentage, and 



i6 3 . 

a grander of more to be desired birthplace never fell to the lot of any people. 
I urge then from this historic pulpit, and upon this historic occasion, the con 
stant, religious and paramount duty of trust in God and an unswerving devo 
tion to the high interests of Canadian nationality. 

But ere the lights, go out in the House of God on this centennial night, 
pardon me if I pay one last tribute to the memory of our deceased brethren 
who. as rectors of this parish, labored so zealously for the advancement of the 
Church of England in our midst. Their good work is being faithfully carried 
on by the present rector of St. Mark s and his energetic assistant. This church 
has been recently renovated and the parish life is smooth and prosperous in 
all its details. And now that our church work for the century is reaching a 
close, we can look back upon a great deal accomplished and much good done. 
Would that it had continued unimpeded until we should have heard, from 
one end of Canada to the other, every man say in the tongue wherein he was 
born the beautiful liturgy of our Church. But we are now painfully reminded 
that instead of leading the religious life of the community we take third or 
fourth rank, with the prospect, it may be, of dropping still lower. 

IT IS VERY HUMILIATING, 

and many causes have been assigned for our lack of progress. Some of these 
causes are transparent enough, while others are less obvious but not less 
effective in swelling the present unsatisfactory state of our Church life. There 
is, too, an ever widening gap between laity and clergy, caused in the main by 
propagandists who are seeking to replace the old and dignified service of our 
Church so fragrant of great memories, of devout piety and profound schol 
arship by a grotesque and tawdry imitation of the Latin ritual, and a ceaseless 
and unspiritual multiplication of "dead ordinances. " For our dignified and 
eminently spiritual liturgy our people are called upon to substitute the mere 
tricious and sensational. Bad grammar and worse theology have usurped 
the seats once occupied by the disciples of Bull, of Stillingfleet, of Andrews, 
of Butler, of Wheatley, and other illustrious post-Reformation divines who 
shed so much lustre upon the scholarship and learning of the English Church. 
There were intellectual giants in those days with whom it wonld be worse 
than folly to compare the modern experts in kindergarten ritual. In the mean 
time we ought to pray most earnestly for the revival of spiritual religion in 
our beloved Church, for after all has been said spiritual life is the only true 



164. 

antidote to the materialistic ecclesiasticism which is to some extent 
popular at present, and which permits men without any claim to personal 
piety to obtain control in our congregations and to work infinite mischief 
by their inconsistent lives. For our own part, while we most solemnly 
repudiate those fantastic theories of ritual and doctrine formally, officially 
and historically condemned by the English Church, and desire that this fact 
should be written for "those that come after," yet we long for the dawn of a 
happier period when the disturbing elements shall have vanished in "the 
fuller light" and when professing Christians shall learn that "charity," and 
not "dogma," is the badge of our citizenship. In the meanwhile the forms 
of soldiers, of statesmen, of patriots, and of citizens that have to-night lent 
their mystic presence to this congregation now vanish ; we bid them return to 
their peaceful rest 

Not amid charnel stones 

And coffins thick and dark with ancient mould, 

With tattered pall and fringe of cankered gold, 

but to peaceful graves beneath our maples, to the moss-covered trench over 
which birds sing their sweetest songs and flowers cast their softest perfumes. 
How true that: 

"For us will dawn no new centennial day, 

Our very memories will have passed away, 
i Our beating hearts be still, our bodies dust, 

Our joys and sorrows o er our swords but rust. 

Yet gallant deeds will live in history s page, 

In fireside stories told to youth by age, 

But Sacred Writ still warns us yet again, 

How soldier s science and his valor s vain, 

Unless the Lord of Hosts the city keep 

The mighty tremble and the watchmen sleep. 

Return, grim soldiers, to your silent home, 

Where we, when duty s done, will also come." * 

SUNDAY, JULY ioth, n a. m. 

Morning Prayer and Holy Communion. Celebrant and Preacher, the 
Right Rev. Dr. Coxe, Bishop of Western New York. 

The centennary celebration of St. Mark s parish was continued to-day, 
three special services being held in the historic old church. The following 
clergymen assisted at the morning service: Rev. Rural Dean Gribble, Rev. 
W. W. Wade, Rev. J. Lee, Rev. S. Johnston, B. A., Ven. Archdeacon Dixon, 
D. C L., and Rev. Canon Read, since (deceased.) 



i6 5 

The sermon was preached by Right Rev. A. Cleveland Coxe, D. D., 
LL. D. Bishop of Western New York, from I. Cor. xii. 26. "Whether one 
member suffer," etc. The Bishop, in commencing his powerful sermon, said 
that those divisions which separated different races and classes of people 
were all judged by the Gospel of Jesus Christ, which united and bound 
together men of every nation and every tongue. He had the privilege that 
day of assisting at this solemn festival in the absence of the bishop of this 
diocese. The edifice in which they were gathered that day had been closely 
connected with the turbulence that resulted from the strife of nations, but it 
was one of the grandest evidences .of the power of the Gospel that representa 
tives of nations once engaged in bitter strife could now meet together for the 
worship and glory of the God of Peace. The Gospel of Jesus Christ was one 
of peace, and through its beneficent influence wars were fewer and strife less 
bitter as each year passed away. Sometimes complaints were made of the 
slow progress of Christianity, but when it was considered that ages passed in 
the accomplishment of the wondrous works of God, that since the creation 
of man the centre of the solar system had not completed a sihgle revolution 
on the dial plate of the universe, the period that had elapsed since Christ 
came to the earth pales into insignificance. 

The past century in Canada had seen a marvellous spread of the Gospel, 
first preached in the Niagara District by the founder of St. Mark s, Rev. 
Robert Addison. The bishop then sketched the early history of the estab 
lishment of the Episcopal Church in Canada, and particularly of the work of 
Robert Addison, the missionary of the Society for the Propagation of the 
Gospel. God be thanked, he continued, for the history of this venerable 
church which has just completed 100 years of useful and blessed work. Since 
the time of its foundation by the devoted Addison there had been only three 
incumbents the present one, the Yen. Archdeacon McMurray, having labor 
ed in that parish for nearly forty years Since his early manhood he had 
been engaged in missionary work with a zeal and a single eye for God s glory 
that had earned him the respect and admiration of all who knew him. It was 
a cause for deep thankfulness that their venerable brother had been spared 
to see this great anniversary. 

After the anthem "Lift up your heads ye everlasting gates" had been 
sung, Holy Communion was administered. 



i66. 

An item of interest during the service was the presence of Mrs. Manners 
of Toronto, and Mrs. Kirkpatrick of Chippawa, grandchildren of Rev Robert 
Addison, and six of his great-grandchildren. 

At evening service the same day there was a very large congregation. The 
Ven. Archdeacon Dixon, D. C. L., preached an eloquent and scholarly ser 
mon, during the course of which he made the following reference to the wonder 
ful progress of this country: 

"Near my former residence on the south shore of Lake Ontario, and on a 
high bluff overlooking its flashing waters, there stood a cherry tree of gigantic 
dimensions, towering to a great height and with many far-spreading branches 
and in due season bearing immense crops of small black cherries. This tree 
stood on the farm of one of the early settlers and there was a touching story 
attached to it. When the family, who lived, I think, in Pennsylvania, joined 
in the exodus after the revolution had been accomplished, a young girl of the 
party, as they left the dear old homestead, drew up with the roots a little 
cherry seedling, a mere switch, and wrapping earth and moss round the root 
kept it moist, and so carried it through the long, weary journey, finally plant 
ing it at the new Canadian home that had been allotted to them, where it 
grew and flourished until it attained its present vast size. And what a striking 
parable we have in this incident of the marvellous growth and development 
of our country and the gigantic strides it has made in all things pertaining to 
high civilization and material progress, The history of those loyalists is one 
of the most touching illustrations of enthusiastic self-sacrificing patriotism to 
be found in the annals of any country. Forsaking their pleasant homes, en 
deared by myriads of hallowed associations, they marched forth into the 
trackless wilderness. They had no Moses to cheer them as a divinely 
appointed guide, with the prophetic visions of the rich fertile valleys, snd 
sunny vine-clad hills and sparkling brooks, and flowing rivers of the promised 
land, no one to point out the goodly mountain. No, the pole star was their 
sole guide, and the undying flame of their loyalty ever illumined their weary 
path Yet even so in this their new home the Church has become the goodly 
mountain having grown from the solitary mission into many dioceses the 
goodly mountain of Moses desire the mystical vision of Daniel partly 
fulfilled the stone becoming the mountain." 



i6 7 . 

Speaking of the work of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in 
Foreign Parts, he said: 

" Weil indeed may the Canadian Church unite in the grateful thanksgiv 
ing of the American Church, to that venerable Society, the S.P.G., for to it we 
are indebted as they were under God, for the first foundation of our church and 
a long continuance of loving care and protection. And to it we owe a special 
debt of gratitude for Robert Addison, a scholar of high reputation, and 
gentleman, who resigned his bright prospects in England to devote his life to 
mission work in a country which was at that time regarded as the most trying 
in privations of all the missionary fields. Having lived for several years in 
the Niagara District, where many of my parishioners were descendants of the 
United Empire Loyalists, I became familiar with their traditions of the days 
of old and heard touching stories of the heroism of Mr. Addison amid the 
trials of war, and also of his arduous work in his vast mission field. Many of 
those aged men and women had been baptized by him and some married by the 
banks of the small rivers that run into Lake Ontario, in his periodical coasting 
trips round the lake as far as Little York, where he occasionally gave a church 
service, and there the Ven. Archdeacon McMurray, then a young lad, remem 
bers seeing him in the streets wearing his academic gown." 



MONDAY, JULY nth. 

The last day s proceedings of the celebration of the centennial of St. Mark s 
opened at 8 o clock this morning with the administration of holy communion 
by Rural Dean Gribble. The offertory on the occasion was devoted to the 
library fund of the Deanery. At 10 o clock the summer quarterly meeting of 
the ruri-decanal chapter of Lincoln and Welland was held in the 
Town Hall, there being a large attendance. The chair was taken by Rev. 
Rural Dean Gribble, who invited Rev. Rural Dean Downie of Berlin, Diocese 
of Huron, and Rev. John Evans of the diocese of Western New York, to take 

!part in the proceedings. Prayer was offered by Rev. P. L. Spencer, after 
which the study of the seventh chapter of the Acts of the Apostles in the 
Greek was taken up, being followed by a discussion of the prayer book pre 
face "of cermonies." After the meeting the visitors were again entertained 
at luncheon in the school house by the ladies of the congregation. 

At 2.30 a considerable congregation assembled in the church to hear a 



1 68. 

paper by Dr. Sca dding on the church annals of Niagara, 1790-1892. The 
paper was read for the venerable essayist by Rev C R Lee of Hamilton, 
Following is the paper : 

CHURCH ANNALS. 

The present is an era of century celebrations. All the civilized portions 
of the habitable world are this year commemorating the four hundredth anni 
versary of the discovery of America by Columbus. In 1874 was the so-called 
Caxton celebration, commemorating the introduction of printing into England 
in 1474. n 1883 was observed the four hundredth anniversary of the birth 
of Luther. In 1864 we had the ter-centenary of Shakespeare. In 1876 the 
people of the United States observed their centennial. In the present year 
the Province of Ontario is doing the same thing for itself, as the successor to 
the Province of Upper Canada, in which its present system of representative 
government was proclaimed on the i6th of July. 1792. Semi-centennials, too 
it has become the practice to observe. In 1884 the City of Toronto celebrat 
ed the fiftieth year of its corporate existence. The jubilee of her Majesty 
Queen Victoria made the year 1887 forever memorable, and in 1889 the Dio 
cese of Toronto held its jubilee, recalling the consecration of its first bishop 
Dr. John Strachan, in 1839. Even the lapse of a quarter of a century is held 
to be worthy cf special commemoration. Thus in the present year the 
Dominion of Canada has celebrated the 25th year of its career. The custom 
of thus reviewing the past at stated intervals is based on precedents to be 
found in Holy Writ, in the injunctions given to the Hebrew nation concern 
ing the Sabbatical or jubilee year, an observance fraught with good to the 
Jewish people. The commemorations first enumerated have all of them 
caused the voice of praise and thanksgiving to be heard over extensive areas 
and in situations of much prominence. 

We come now to a celebration of a humbler character and calculated to 
excite an interest in fewer minds, although in this instance likewise, from 
some peculiarites connected with it, the attention given to it will certainly be 
by no means simply local. The parish of St. Mark s, Niagara. This year 
commemorates the one hundredth anniversary of its establishment as a mission 
in 1792. The registry of the parish of St. Mark s, Niagara, commences at 
that early date, when the first missionary was settled at this place, by the 
venerable Society for the Propagation of the Gospel, in the person of the Rev. 



i6g. 

Robert Addison, whose ministrations were continued down to the year 1829. 
The tradition at Niagara at one time was that Governor Simcoe had some: 
thing to do with the building of a portion of the present St. Mark s Church 
but it now appears that the edifice was not begun to be erected in stone until 
the year 1807. Still it is highly probable that the excellent Governor took 
some action in regard to the establishment of religious worship at Niagara, 
and the site of the church may have been set apart by him at the spot where 
it now stands and a temporary wooden structure erected thereupon. It 
seems unlikely, when the character of the Lieutenant-Governor is considered, 
marked, as we know it was, by a solemn sense of religious duty, that he 
should, during an administration lasting from 1791-1796, have refrained from 
some such proceeding as this. We are incidentally made aware that even in 
his famour canvas house, temporarily set up at York in 1793, regular 
religious services were maintained. Thus we have the ever memorable land 
surveyor, Augustus Jones, while engaged in laying out, under the Governor s 
eye, the town plot of York, recording in his journal that after transacting 
business with the Lieutenant-Governor "at the camp," that is, while resident 
in this celebrated canvas abode of his, that he attended prayers there. His 
entry is, "Went to camp on the ist September, 1793; attended prayers." 
(See the writer s "Four Decades of York, Upper Canada," page 16). With 
out doubt the Lieutenant-Governor would have arrangements made in con 
junction with the recognized missionary of the neighborhood, Mr. Addison, 
for public worship, on Sundays at all events, whenever it should be practic 
able, and that, too, as we may well believe, at or near the site of the present 
Church of St. Mark. 

ROBERT ADDISON. 

Mr. Addison was a graduate of Christ Church, Oxford. We have thus 
to imagine him, in the days of his youth, often traversing the grand quadrangle 
of Wolsey s College, and often, no doubt, paying a visit to the not far off 
shady resort in the historic grounds so well known to everyone as 
"Addison s Walk," so called from his illustrious namesake, Joseph Addison. 
His surroundings at Oxford were doubtless congenial to his character, and I 
have been assured that Bishop Watson of Llandaff, the well known author of 
the "Apology," had said that the English Church was losing a promising 
scholar when the young ecclesiastic, in 1792, decided to make far-off Canada 



170, 

the scene of his ministrations. His prospects at home were bright. To be a 
member of Christ Church, Oxford, gave a prestige to a man everywhere in 
England, and this determination on the part of Mr. Addison was plainly an 
act of unselfishness. The national church was calling on her sons personally 
to assist her in fulfilling her duty towards the wide domain within her juris 
diction through the acquisition of Canada. He felt himself impelled to obey 
that call. The English Church was fortunate in having so worthy a repre 
sentative in these parts at so early a period. Mr. Addison s character and 
abilities were duly appreciated In the calendars of the day his name appears 
not only on the list of those who form the board for the general superintend 
ence of education in Upper Canada and those who are appointed trustees of 
the public schools of the Niagara District, but also on the list of the commis 
sioners of the peace or general magistrates, in which capacity Mr. Addison s 
name figures in company with those of Thomas Dickson, John Ball, Robert 
Nelles, William Crooks, Samuel Street, Abraham Nelles, George Keefer, 
James Kerby, James Macklem, John Powell, John Servos, W. H. Merritt, J ; 
B. Clench ; and many others familiar even yet to us of the present generation. 
Many little extracts have already been made and circulated from the casual 
memoranda entered by Mr. Addison in the parochial register of St. Mark s, , 
dating back to July gth, 1792, all showing him to have been a man of great 
soundness of judgment and full of human sympathy. On the whole, in fact, 
he may be said to have possessed not a few of the qualifications sought for by 
good Sir Roger de Coverly in his chaplain and the parson of a parish, such as 
"a good aspect, a clear voice, a sociable temper and competent scholarship." 
The reports of his mission in Canada, transmitted periodically by him to the 
"society" at home, would be, if collected and reprinted here, a most interest 
ing historical record and a valuable boon to the Canadian public. T have in 
my own possession a short autograph letter addressed by Mr. Addison to a 
young soldier of fortune named Chiniquy, from Lower Canada, breaking away 
from the narrow traditions in which he had been brought up and desiring to 
obtain employment among the more enterprising people of the west, with 
whom he seems to have met with some success. In this note Mr. Addison 
appears in the pleasing light of a fatherly adviser to a young stranger, who ; 
by some means had been brought into friendly relations with him. The letter 
is dated from Chippawa. While the headquarters of Mr. Addison were a? 



Niagara, there were innumerable stations in other directions visited profes 
sionally by him. The Indians of the Grand River were familiar with his 
presence, and the Mohawk Chief, Brant, is said to have acted as his interpreter 
there. Mr. Addison s letter to Chiniquy is addressed to him at York, and 
reads as follows: 

CHIPPAWA, Oct. 8, 1806. 

Dear Sir, I have only a few minutes allowed me to tell you how very 
much I am pleased to hear from Mr. Jackson that you are very useful and 
agreeable to him. Suffer me to press this consideration upon you, that active 
industry, aided by frugality, is the parent of wealth. I do not expect you to 
be a hermit, and as I find you are doing well I will finish this dull advice by 
expressing my sincere wish that you may continue to do so. We elderly men 
are sad correspondents. By endeavoring to be of use we sometimes ruu the 
hazard of offending by our grave admonitions. You know we have had the 
honor of His Excellency on this side of the water, and everyone seems highly 
pleased with his affability and politeness. He was waited upon by the magis 
trates and principal inhabitants of Niagara with an address in which was a 
high compliment to General Hunter, and let me tell you that his answer 
was still more complimentary to that departed worthy. You will see both 
the address and answer in your paper, and will then prize them for yourself. 
You will find that the sentiments concerning the late administration on the 
Niagara side are very different to wnat they are on yours. Our assize has 
been unusually long. I think it lasted ten days, and all I observed was con 
ducted well. The grand judge gave general satisfaction, and he is a gentleman 
of great and finished abilities. I hope to find you in good health and spirits 
at the session. 

And am most truly your obedient, very humble servant 

ROBERT ADDISON. 
Mr. Chiniquy. 

The Mr. Jackson here named had probably patronized Chiniquy in some 
way, and he may also have had word of encouragement from General Hunter, 
whose loss is here regretted. The new Governor must have been Gore, and 
the grand judge was no doubt Judge Thorpe, who, strange to say, was a 
"Reformer," and. whilst retaining his judicial character, became a member 
of the House of Assembly. It is amusing to read of the difference of sentiment 



172. 

prevailing "on this side of the water," that is, the Niagara side of Lake 
Ontario, and that prevailing on "your," that is, the York side, where the 
feeling was perhaps less "liberal." 

PERSONAL RECOLLECTIONS. 

I myself remember Mr. Addisou very well. When a boy I have heard 
him repeatedly officiate at St. James Church, at York. His oval, intellectual 
countenance and finished style of reading made a strong impression. In 
addition I particularly remember observing him as he walked arrayed in his 
academic gown, bands and clerical hat from the church after the service, 
down King street to the Quetton St. George mansion still standing entire on 
that street, and now occupied by the Canada Company. He was there often 
entertained as a guest during his visits to York from Niagara by Mr. John 
Spread Baldwin. Mr. Addison was chaplain to the House of Assembly, and 
used to come over to York and remain there during the annual session of 
Parliament. A formerly well known picture by Westall, entitled "Going- to 
Church," exhibits the figure of a clergyman which, to my mind, always 
recalls the c,omely form of the first missionary at Niagara, as seen passing 
along King street in his canonicals, as just described. I have caused a pho 
tographic copy of Westall s picture to be made by N. C. Shorey of Toronto, 
with an inscription appended, "In memoriam: Robert Addison, missionary, 
St. Mark s Church, Niagara, A. D. 1792, A. D. 1829." As will be seen by the 
accompanying example, the costumes of the parishioners, male and female, 
surrounding the pastor in Westall s picture, is that which was in vogue among 
our U. E. s and other pioneer settlers at the close of the last century. At a 
later period Mr. Addison built a house for himself, styled by -him "Lake 
Lodge," on some property acquired close to the Town of Niagara, wherein, 
as might be expected from his scholarly instincts, a library soon accumulated 
around him, a considerable portion of which is still preserved as an heirloom 
in the parsonage attached to St. Mark s Church. We have in this library a 
deposit of the solid divinity common in English parsonages some sixty years 
since, including works by Warburton, Waterland, Jeremy Taylor, John 
Jackson, Leslie, and so forth Voluminous folio copies of Pool s "Synopsis," 
Bayle s "Critical Dictionary," and Clarendon s History of the Great 
Rebellion." All likewise seem here to be remarkably in place. There is to 
be noted also a black-letter quarto copy of the Geneva version of the Bible, 



with the liturgy attached, of the time of Charles the First. With great 
appropriateness, at his decease, in 1829, the mortal remains of Mr. Addison 
were deposited under the chancel of St, Mark s Church. It is curious to con 
jecture why the name of St. Mark should have been chosen as the designation 
of the church at the mouth of the Niagara River. There are not many 
churches distinguished by that name, but there is a very famous one, how 
ever, at Venice, of ancient foundation. Everyone has heard of San Marco 
there and the lion with which it is so conspicuously adorned. Early medieval 
sculptors and painters made, as we know, the lion to be an emblem of the 
Evangelist St. Mark. Perhaps this figure, coinciding as it did with a popular 
emblem of Old England, may have taken the fancy of the lo>al and patriotic first 
missionary here, and so he may have been induced to have attached to his 
church when at last it rose from the ground, a solid edifice of stone, the name 
of the saint whose symbol was the lion. Did not a lion holding a key sym 
bolize Gibralter? And here, too, was an important military post appertaining 
to Great Britain guarding the entrance to a pass leading into the interior 
into the very heart of the British possessions on this continent. 

A pleasing watercolor drawing of the old St. Mark s Church of Mr. 
Addison s time is in existence. It shows a well-proportioned edifice of mod 
erate size, an apse-shaped chancel with hipped roof over it; the rest of the 
roof not steep but rather flat There is a square tower surmounted by a bell 
turret, with a garceful, slender spire. On the whole it resembles, in many 
points, one of the[French churches that one sees along the river in Lower Can 
ada. Below the broad Niagara is seen flowing placidly into Lake Ontario 
and across on the point stands the old French fort as it was before transform 
ed by modern enlargements. In 1843 when transcepts and a new chancel 
were added to the old St. Mark s, the bell turret and spire were removed and 
four pinnacles in their stead were placed at the angles of the square tower. 
These changes were made during the rectorship of the ReV. Mr. Creen. 
Since then the whole interior has been rearranged in accordance with eccles 
iastical rules, as now well understood. This change has been made through 
the instrumentality of the Ven. Archdeacon McMurray, who has also secured 
the erection of a convenient schoolhouse close by, as well as a handsome and 
most commodious parsonage house, in spacious grounds, immediately adjoin 
ing. During his incumbency, likewise, St. Mark s has been provided with a 



174- 

chime of bells, through the liberality of Walter Hamilton Dixon and John 
Scale Dixon of Niagara. The Ven. Archdeacon McMurray, who still survi 
ves, is the third rector since the foundation of the mission in 1792, Mr. Addi- 
son and Mr. Green being the only predecessors. Few parishes in Canada 
can present a history so simple, so happily uninterrupted by vicissitudes, ex 
cepting those which are necessarily attendant on progress and improvement. 

CONCLUDING SPEECHES. 

At the conclusion of Dr. Scadding s valuable paper, Rev. J. C. Garret 
invited Rev. P. L. Spencer to address the gathering. Mr. Spencer said he 
thought while they had been listening with so much interest to the admirable 
paper of Dr. Scadding, that while they were engaged in commemorating the 
past stirring history of the church they should take courage from that glorious 
history and look forward with confidence to the future. 

Canon Bull, who next addressed the meeting, thanked the venerable 
Archdeacon for the kind invitation he had extended to him to be present, and 
also for the kind manner in which he and bis assistant, Rev. J. C. Garret, had 
entertained him and the visiting clergy. He had heard with the profoundest 
interest Dr. Scadding s masterly paper, and only hoped that steps would be 
taken to have it printed, together with other historical papers, and bound up 
for library use. The hundred years of history which had passed since the 
building of the church bristled with stirring incident, and Canadians could 
not be too careful in preserving every historical record that would hand down 
to future generations the noble deeds of their forefathers. 

Rev. Dr. Langtry was next asked to address the meeting. He said he 
was only there as a visitor, and had not expected to make an address, still a 
few names had occurred to him of men who had been connected with the 
work of the Church of England prior to Rev. Robert Addison s arrival. Mr. 
Langtry gave some interesting particulars of the splendid work of Rev. J. 
Ogilvie, who \vho worked in the Niagara District as early as 1748, and Rev. 
D. Stewart, of 1794. He closed his remarks with an appropriate reference to 
the long and faithful labors of the rector, Ven. Archdeacon McMurray. 

In a few heartfelt sentences the venerable archdeacon returned thanks 
for the affectionate terms in which all the speakers had referred to him. He 
had been spared for the long term of 61 years of continuous service, and if 
his labors had advanced the cause of Christ and the church he had received 



175- 

a reward more precious to him than any other could be. The guiding pfin- 
ciple he had endeavoured to follow thorought his long life was to do all for 
the glory and honor of God. The Archdeacon closed with a kindly reference 
to the aid he had received from Rev, J. C. Garrett since he had come to Nia 
gara, four years ago. The venerable gentleman was visibly affected as he re 
sumed his sent. 

Rev. J. C. Garrett, who has been curate in charge of the parish for the 
past four years and upon whom, owing to the advanced age of the venerable 
rector, the care and work of the parish has principally rested, closed the pro 
ceedings by thanking the visiting brethren for their attendance, and the choir 
and organist of St. Mary s-on-the-Hill, Buffalo, for the great assistance with 
the music. Mr. Garrett alluded to the unavoidable absence of the bishop of 
the diocese and other bishops who had hoped to have been present as having 
been a disappointment, but of one thing they were sure, that their own 
bishop was with them in heart and soul in that great celebration. 

AFFECTION S OFFERING. 

A very gratifying and appropriate little ceremony was performed in the 
evening, when Mayor Henry Pafford of Niagara-on.the-Lake on behalf of the 
parishioners of St. Mark s, presented the venerable rector and Mrs. McMurra\ 
with a very handsome Onyx clock, two side pieces of Onyx and a reading lamp 
and shade. The following was inscribed on the clock: Presented by the 
congregation of St. Mark s to Venerable Archdeacon and Mrs. McMurray to 
mark the centenary of the parish and the estimable part the archdeacon has 
taken therein for nearly 36 years. July g. 1892." 

A gratifying feature of the centenary celebrations was the liberal amount 
of the offertories, which will enable the trustees to reduce the debt of $1,500 
incurred for the school-house and recent alterations by nearly f 360. Among 
the relatives of the Rev. Robert Addison, the founder of St. Mark s, who were 
present were three of his great-grandsons Di. R. A. Stephenson. Toronto; 
Rev. E. Vicars Stephenson, Toronto, and Mr. Allan Stephenson, Drummond- 
ville, all sons of the late Judge Stephenson of Cayuga. Ven. Archdeacon 
McMurray and daughter, Mrs. Killaly of Morristown, were also present. 



i 7 6. 

SATURDAY JULY i6th, 1892. 

Just four days later, and ere the soft music "of Holy Chant and Psalm" 
which told the story of one hundred years of our ecclesiastical life had been 
wafted from around the Sacred precincts of old St. Mark s, the story of our 
Political Life was taken up and told with the blare of trumpets and the thun 
der notes of the hoarse-throated cannon. It was substantially the same story, 
but told from a different standpoint and in the habiliments of war, rather 
than of peace. Fort George that has witnessed so many stirring episodes, 
was for an hour or two quickened into life and activity and memories of 
"Auld Lang Syne" were revived memories that carried people back to a 
time when a line of British steel stretched from Niagara to Fort Erie, and 
when contending forces were locked in the deadly embrace of war. But 
no thoughts of war disturbed the minds of those who gathered around the old 
Fort to rehearse the story of Constitutional Government as told one hundred 
years ago. As a popular demonstration, it was not as well managed as it 
might have been, and local elements were less prominent than could have 
been desired; indeed, not a few present questioned the propriety of the cele 
bration at that particular time, remembering that the Proclamation was 
made at Kingston, and not at Niagara, and that the Parliament of Upper 
Canada did not assemble until the middle of September, a date that would 
have been entirely suitable and in complete harmony with historical as well as 
geographical accuracy But let this pass with the remark that even Centen 
ary celebrations are not free from the sacrilegious hands of the bungler. The 
boat which contained His Honor Lieutenant-Governor Kirkpatrick, and the 
Provincial Premier, Sir Oliver Mowat, did not arrive until about 2 p. m., 
when a procession was extemporized, in the following order, to Fort George: 
Nineteenth Battalion Band. 

Welland Field Battery. 
Officers of Military in Uniform. 

Lundy s Lane Band. 
Lundy s Lane Historical Society. 

Niagara Band. 

Niagara Historical Society. 

Citizens of Niagara. 

Firemen of Niagara. 



Officials of Lincoln and Welland. 
Band of the Army and Navy Veterans. 

Army and Navy Veterans. 

York Pioneers and Ontario Historical Society. 

Centennial Celebration Committee. 

Guests in Carriages. 

On a platform erected on the northern bastion of Fort George His Honor 
the Lieutenant-Governor and others took up their positions. About one thou 
sand people assembled at the Fort, among them being several American 
soldiers. The Nineteenth Battalion Band played the National Anthem, and 
when the strains of music had died away, His Honor spoke as follows: 

Ladies and Gentlemen, We are assembled here to-day to recall the inci 
dents of one hundred years ago, and to celebrate in as fitting a manner as we 
can the one hundredth anniversary of the granting of constitutional and pop 
ular government to the Province of Upper Canada, now the Province of On 
tario. It is fitting and proper that I should at once, and without further pre 
face, read to you the Proclamation which was issued by Governor Simcoe on 
the sixteenth day of July, 1792. 

HISTORICAL RESUME. . 

His Honor then read the following synopsis of historical incidents and 
the proclamation referred to : 

During the French regime in Canada the white population was scattered 
over a wide area, and located in places suitable for the prosecution of trade 
rather than the practice of agriculture. 

West of Montreal the chief settlements were at r ataraqui (now Kings 
ton), Niagara, Detroit, Michillimackinac, and on the Ohio, Illinois and Mis 
sissippi rivers. 

The nucleus of each settlement was a fort, which served to protect the 
French traders and their families alike against Indian savages and English 
rivals. 

The whole region above referred to was known under the name of 
"Canada," while the French territory to the south of the Ohio and the west 
of the Mississippi was called - Louisiana." 

During the period from 1757 to 1763, the "Seven Years War" raged in 
different parts of the world Europe, India, the West Indies, and the greater 



part of what is now the United States and Canada east of the Mississippi- 
involving Great Britain and France in a final struggle for supremacy in North 
America. 

In 1759, the last year of George II., Quebec surrendered to Admiral 
Saunders and General Townshend, and in the same year Fort Niagara was 
taken by Sir William. Johnston. In 1760, the first year of George III , Mont 
real surrendered to General Amherst, and it was expressly stipulated in the 
articles of capitulation that the settlements of Detroit and Michillimackinac 
should be included in the surrender. 

In 1763, by the Treaty of Paris, the whole of Canada was formally ceded 
by France to Great Britain. The territory covered by this cession was never 
accurately defined, but it included undoubtedly the whole of the region north 
of the Ohio and east of the Mississippi, besides the great valley of the St. 
Lawrence. 

Later in the same year, 1763, George III., by royal proclamation, created 
the "Government of Quebec," with an area and boundaries almost coincident 
with those of the Province of Quebec to-day. In 1764 General Murray was, 
by Royal Commission, appointed the first civil Governor of the new 
"colony*" 

In 1774 the Quebec Act, passed by the British Parliament, enlarged the 
Province of Quebec by including in it all the territory ceded under the 
Treaty of Paris, 1763. Besides the now existing Provinces of Quebec and 
Ontario, it comprised the States of Ohio, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Wis 
consin and part of Minnesota. 

By the Treaty of Paris, 1783, all these States were separated from Que 
bec, which was confined to the north bank of the St. Lawrence westward of 
the intersection of the forty-fifth parallel of latitude, and were included in the 
United States of America, the Independence of which was by the same treaty 
fully acknowledged. 

The Quebec Act of 1774 created a Legislative Council, made up of mem. 
bers appointed by the Crown "to ordain regulations for the future welfare 
and good government of the Province." By 1791 the influence of English- 
speaking settlers from the neighboring self-governing States had made appar 
ent the unsuitability of this legislative machinery, and in that year the Con 
stitutional Act was passed by the British Parliament, creating a Legislative 



179- 

Assembly and Council for each of the two Provinces of Upper and Lo\Ver 
Canada, into which Quebec was about to be divided by order of the King-in- 
Council. 

On the twenty-fourth of August, 1791, two such orders were passed. The 
former fixed the line of division between Upper and Lower Canada as it is 
to-day between Ontario and Quebec, and as it has been throughout the whole 
of the century; the latter ordered the issue of a warrant authorizing the 
Governor of Quebec to fix a day for the Act to go into operation. 

Lieutenant-Governor Alured Clarke in the absence of the Governor, 
Lord Dorchester, proclaimed the 26th of December, 1791, as the day when 
the division of Quebec into Upper and Lower Canada should take effect. Mr 
Clarke was appointed the first Lieutenant-Governor of Lower Canada, and 
on the seventh of May, 1792, he issued, at Quebec, the proclamation dividing 
that Province into electoral districts for its first Parliament. 

Colonel John Graves Simcoe was appointed the first Lieutenant-Gover 
nor of Upper Canada. At Kingston, on the sixteenth day of July, 1792, the 
centennial anniversary of which we have met this, day to commemorate, he 
issued the proclamation dividing the new Province into electoral districts for 
the election of the first Parliament of Upper Canada. 

This first Parliament met here at Niagara, then Newark, on the seven 
teenth of September, but it has been deemed expedient to commemorate the 
issue of the proclamation rather than the assembling of the Parliament, be 
cause the former may fairly be regarded as, from a constitutional point of 
view, the more fundamental event of the two. 

The terms of this proclamation are of sufficient public interest to warrant 
the reproduction of its substance in this place and on this occasion. 

PROCLAMATION. 

"J. Graves, Simcoe; 

"- George the Third, by the Grace of God, of Great Britain, France and Ireland, 
King , Defender of the Faith, and so forth, etc.; etc. To all our loving sub 
jects, whom these presents concern: 

"Whereas, in pursuance of an Act of Parliament, lately made and pro 
vided, passed in the thirty-first year of our reign, and of authority by us 
given for that purpose, our late Province of Quebec is become divided into 
the two Provinces of Upper Canada and Lower Canada, and our Lieutenant- 



r8o. 

Governor of the said Province of Upper Canada, by power from us derived, 
is authorized, in the absence of our right trusty and well-beloved Guy, Lord 
Dorchester, Captain-General and Governor-in-Chief of our said Province of 
Upper Canada, to divide the said Province of Upper Canada into districts, 
counties, circles, or towns and townships for the purpose of effectuating the 
intent of the said Act of Parliament, and to declare and appoint the number 
of representatives to be chosen by each, to serve in the Assembly of the said 
Province: Know, ye, therefore, that our trusty and well-beloved John 
Graves Simcoe, Esq., our Lieutenant-Governor of our said Province of Upper 
Canada, in the absence of the said Governor-in-Chief, hath, and by this our 
proclamation doth, divide the said Province of Upper Canada into counties, 
and hath and doth appoint and declare the number of representatives of 
them, and each of them, to be as hereinafter limited, named, declared, a^ 
appointed." 

Under this proclamation the Province was divided into nineteen counties, 
of each of which the boundaries are accurately given. They were named as 
follows: 

1. Glengarry. 7. Ontario. 14. York. 

2. Stormont. 8. Addington, 15. Lincoln. 
3 Dundas. 9. Lennox. 16. Norfolk. 

4. Grenville. 10. Prince Edward. 17. Suffolk. 

5. Leeds. n. Hastings, 18. Essex. 

6. Frontenac. 12. Northumberland. 19. Kent. 

13. Durham. 

The number of representatives to be elected to the Legislative Assembly 
was fixed by the proclamation at sixteen, distributed among the counties as 

follows: 

Glengarry 2 



Stormont. 

Dundas 

Grenville 

Leeds and Frontenac 

Ontario and Addington 

Prince Edward 

Lennox, Hastings and Northumberland.. 
Durham, York and Lincoln (first riding) 

Lincoln (second riding) 

Lincoln (third riding) , 

Lincoln (fourth riding) and Norfolk , 

Suffolk and Essex , 

Kent.., 



The concluding paragraph of the proclamation reads: 

"In testimony whereof we have caused these our letters to be made pat 
ent, and the great seal of our said Province of Upper Canada to be hereunto 
affixed. Witness our trusty and well-beloved John Graves Simcoe, Esquire, 
our Lieutenant-Governor of our said Province of Upper Canada, and Colonel 
commanding our forces in Upper Canada, etc , at our Government house in 
the town of Kingston, this sixteenth day of July, in the year of Our Lord One 
Thousand Seven Hundred and Ninety-two, and in the thirty-second year of 
our reign. 

[Signed], "J. G. S. 

"WILLIAM JARVIS, Secretary." 

THE U. E. LOYALISTS. 

When he had concluded read ing the historical document his Honor further 
addressed the people by saying: 

Ladies and Gentlemen, I have been asked to say a few words to you 
before the rest of the programme is gone on with, and I will have great 
pleasure in complying with that request, although I must say this is not a 
very easy place to speak from. The high wind makes it so difficult to be heard 
that I shall be compelled to cut my remarks short. Perhaps that will be 
more acceptable, seeing that our day has been cut short owing to the non- 
arrival of the boat bringing us from Toronto. I will only say that I think it 
is good to be here. (Hear, hear.) It is good for us to talk of the days of our 
ancestors, and recall the trials and hardships which the people endured in 
the earlier days of the settlement of this country. We have among us to-day 
some of the direct descendants of those who took part in the establishment 
of constitutional government 100 years ago. We have here to-day a grandson 
of one of Governor Simcoe s Ministers. That brings us very close to him. 
The grandson of Sir Alexander Grant, who was a very important member of 
Governor Simcoe s Government. While we are commemorating here to-day 
the issuing of the proclamation by Governor Simcoe, it is well that we should 
just look for a moment at the man who was distinguished for the zeal and 
fidelity with which he served his country. He was distinguished for many 
acts of intrepid bravery, for his calm and correct judgment, and for his true 
and honorable conduct in all his actions. He was a man who was well known, 
and was sent here on account of the energy and judgment and discretion which 



1 8-2. 

he had shown in the service of his king in other parts of the world. He was 
sent here to govern a people few in numbers, but a people who had suffered 
losses and privations and endured untold hardships for the sake of the old 
flag (hear, hear) men who for their loyalty and fidelity to their king had 
lost property aud had suffered hardships while living among the people of 
what was then known as the American States, that had succeeded in achiev 
ing their independence Of these Loyalists many had sought 

REFUGE IN NEW YORK CITY, 

which was then the last point that the British forces held, and when, in 1783, 
peace was declared between the Mother Country and the American States, 
the order came for New York to be evacuated by the British troops, the 
Governor of New York at that time found that he had in his charge a large 
number of Loyalists-people who had come in from the different States to seek 
the protection of the old flag, which they had served, and for serving which 
they had suffered, lost their property and been imprisoned. The Governor 
had several hundreds, yes, thousands of these people, and he knew not what 
to do with them. He heard that there was a man named Captain Michael 
Grass in the garrison, who had been a prisoner at Fort Frontenac during the 
time that the French held that stronghold. He sent for Captain Grass and 
asked him what kind of a conntry that was up there. Captain Grass told 
him that the people could live there, and that they would find it a fine coun 
try. The Governor said, "Will you undertake to pilot these Loyalists to that 
country if I give you transports and ships?" Captain Grass undertook the 
task. Ships were engaged and provisioned, and they set out upon their voyage 
along the rugged Atlantic coast and up the majestic St. Lawrence as far as 
Sorel, which was reached in the winter of 1783; there they encamped, and in 
the following spring they came up the River St. Lawrence in boats and bat- 
teaux, arriving in June, 1784, when they formed an encampment and waited 
until the country was surveyed preparatory to the apportionment to them of the 
land. When the Government was informed of the success of Captain Grass in 
the transportation of these Loyalists to British soil, he was told that he should 
have first choice of a lot of the land to be apportioned, and he chose a lot on 
which part of Kingston now stands. He afterwards exchanged that lot and 
took one farther out in the country, and his grandson lives on that farm 
io-day. Other refugees and Loyalists crossed to Niagara and settled 



lalong the north shore of Lal<e Erie. These were the people a few thousand 
Loyalists when Governor Simcoe was called upon to assume the Governor 
ship of Upper Canada. There were at that time also about 10,000 Indians 
here, all of whom, like the Loyalists, had fought for the cause of Britain and 
\vere Icyal to British connection. Governor Simcoe found this country at 
that time covered by a dense and almost impenetrable forest, and he made 
his journeys from Kingston here by water. When he went to Detroit he had 
to go through an almost trackless wilderness When he went a few years 
afterwards he lay out a site for a town where Toronto now stands; there was 
not a house between the two places and he had to pitch his tent there. Is it 
not interesting to recall all these things, to have some regard for the deeds of* 
our forefathers? (Hear, hear.) Do we not, in view of the trials and diffi 
culties so nobly surmounted, feel inspired to emulate their noble careers, 
bearing in mind that 

"Who is unworthy the blessings of the bruve 

Is b ase in mind and born to be slave." 

Let us all endeavor to learn something of the early history of our country, 
and see what our forefathers have done 

FOR THEIR POSTERITY. 

When we think of the progress of Ontario we ought to feel proud. What a 
change has come over this country How differently we travel coming here 
on those magnificent steamers or the railways. How different the means of 
transit had Simcoe and the members of Parliament whom he invited to come 
and give him the benefit of their advice in Niagara in 1792. How science 
; and literature have progressed. Arts, agriculture, commerce and manufac 
tures have all advanced and have made this country one of the most pros 
perous countries en the face of the globe. When we look at all the comfortable 
and contented homes that are spread over this immense Province of Ontario, 
with her rich fields of waving grain ready to be gathered into the storehouses, 
with her herds of cattle grazing on the pasture lands, and withal her great 
wealth, we ought to be gratified and pleased. We are not only a prosperous 
and contented people, but a God-fearing people. Anyone who travels over 
this country sees upon every hilltop churches with their spires pointing 
heavenwards, telling the people of God s love for man. There are many 
subjects to which I might refer, chiefly showing why this country is happy 



184. 

and propserous. Let us think of the heroic deeds of our ancestors, of the 
privations and troubles which they had in settling this country in the earlier 
days, and let us be thankful that Canada to-day remains true to that flag 
which these men upheld, Let us, everyone, man, woman and child, determine 
that as far as in them lie, they will endeavor to keep this country true to the old 
flag. (Applause ) I feel thankful that I should be permitted to-day, as 
Governor of this important, populous and rich Province of Ontario, to speak 
as one of the successors of Governor Simcoe, and I hope that the course of 
events during my term of office will be such that we will still further perpetuate 
the name written here, and that we may hand down this valuable heritage to our 
" children and our children s children with its name unsullied. I thank you, 
gentlemen. (Applause. 

JOSEPH BRANT S PRAYER BOOK. 

At the close of the Lieutenant-Governor s address a royal salute was 
fired, immediately after which Rev. Canon Bull read selections from the Book 
of Common Prayer, with a special allusion in the General Thanksgiving for 
liberty and civil and religious rights. The book which he used was once the 
property of Joseph Brant, the great Indian chief, and was published in 1774. 
The proceedings here closed with the singing of a verse of the National 
Anthem, and the people dispersed for dinner, after which about 2,000 men, 
women and children, and American soldiers assembled in the park, where a 
platform had been erected. 

The Lieutenant-Governor took the chair and loyal and enthusiastic 
speeches were made by a number oY gentlemen from Toronto, the most note 
worthy being that of Sir Oliver Mowat, who strongly opposed the views of a 
rather unimportant minority, who are supposed to favor Annexation to the 
United States. It was an excellent speech, conceived in a truly patriotic 
spirit and ways deservedly applauded thoroughout its delivery. 

GREETINGS TO THE LIEUTENANT-GOVERNOR. 

On behalf of the Pioneer and Historical Societies of Ontario, Rev Canon 
Bull, in the absence of Rev. Dr. Scadding, presented his Honor the Lieuten 
ant-Governor with the following address ; 

"The Presidents of the various Pioneer and Historical Societies of Ontario, 
on behalf of their respective bodies, assembled at Niagara this i6th day of 
July, 1892, to commemorate the looth anniversary of the founding of the 



Province of Upper Canada, take the opportunity of this auspicious hour to 
heartily greet you as the representative of her Most Gracious Majesty Queen 
Victoria, and as the successor of the wise and brave first Lieutenant Govenor 
Simcoe of 100 years ago; also to congratulate you upon occupying fhat dis 
tinguished position in the glorious succession of British rulers in this part of 
the Greater Britain. We pray that the Divine Providence over-ruling the 
Empire may ever preserve to us our ancient liberties and the succession of 
our ancient rulers, and bless you in your high office in guiding the destinies 

of this fair province, first called Upper Canada. 

GEORGE A. BULL, M, A. 
Vice-President, on behalf of the Pioneers and Historical Societies of Ontario. 

THANKS FOR THE ADDRESS 

In accepting the address his Honour desired to thank the members of 
the Historical and Pioneer Societies for expressing their appreciation of his 
appointment as Lieutenant-Governor. He felt proud of Sir Oliver s speech, 
and was confident that the majority of the people were British in sentiment. 
He was certain the British emblem would still continue to be handed down in 
Canada, and he hoped when his time of office was at an end to pass it on un 
sullied and untarnished. He expressed regret at having had no notice of the 
address, so that he might have had a suitable reply prepared. He would, 
however, send a reply later- (Applause). 

Lieut. Col. Denison of Toronto, and Sheriff McKellar of Hamilton, made 
appropriate speeches. 

DESCENDED FROM JOSEPH BRANT. 

The Lieutenant-Governor introduced Dr. Oronhyatekha by saying that 
when Governor Simcoe had charge of affairs in Canada he had one of the 
greatest Indians (Joseph Brant) of his time to assist him, and he (the speaker) 
had great pleasure in calling upon one of his descendents, Dr, Oronhyatekha. 

With heart and soul Dr. Oronhaytekha endorsed every word that fell 
from the lips of Sir Oliver. He was pleased in having the honour of speaking 
on behalf of the Six Nation Indians. As a Mohawk Indian it gave him satis 
faction to think of the aid his tribe had given to maintain the British con 
nection. His father and uncle had aided in driving the Yankees out of Cana 
da, and he hoped this country would never be handed over to another nation. 
When in times past the Indians had assisted the whites when they got into a 



i86. 

corner (laughter) they did their best to maintain the country as a part of 

the British Empire. The Indian race was not dying out in Ontario In 1844 
the Mowhawks of the Bay of Quinte numbered 383; in 1857, 562; in 1860, 589; 
in 1876, 725; in 1880 889; in 1890, 1,056. By these statistics it was evident 
his own tribe was not decreasing. In 1844 their- total number was 2,223; in 
1857, 2,169; in 1860, 2,718; in 1870, 2,869; in 1880, 3,204; in 1890, 3,425. In 
Ontario there weae 17,018 Indians. They had 3,992 houses, 2,079 barns, and 
were cultivating 65,000 acres of land. The Indians were so well off that they 
had loaned to the Government $3,052,712, which he hoped the Government 
would repay when it became wealthier. (Laughter). In 1891 they paid for 
teachers $27,712. In the older Provinces the Indians owned 18,147 farm 
implements, had 19,570 head of cattle, 16,367 horses, and 13,877 sheep and 
pigs. They raised in 1891, 91,378 bushels of wheat, 297,867 bushels of other 
grains, 19,498 tons of hay, and other products. The total value of their farm 
products in that year was $1,568,063. It was therefore evident that the In 
dian was doing something for Canada. If at any time it came that it would 
be necessary for them to fight they would be ready to do so. 

The Lieutenant-Governor announced the close of the proceedings as 
follows: This brings the afternoon ceremonies to an end. We will now close 
by singing a verse of "God Save the Queen." The verse was sung, and the 
audience dispersed. 



Words of Hymn 
Put Under Ban 



The words of the popular hymn 
"Beautiful Isle of Somewhere", 
placed under ban by Cardinal 
O Connell of Boston, are: 
Somewhere the sun is shining, 

Somewhere the song birds dwell/ 
Hush then, thy sad repining, 

God lives, and al! is well. 

Somewhere, somewhere, 
Beautiful isle of somewhere, 

Land of the true, 

Where we live anew, 
Beautiful isle of somewhere. 

Somewhere the day is longer, 

Somewhere the task is done, 
Somewhere the heart is stronger, 

Somewhere the guerdon won. 
Somewhere the load is lifted, 

Close by an open gate, 
Somewhere the clouds are rifted, 

Somewhere the angels wait.